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Sample records for addqol para portugal

  1. Plano de social media marketing para a TAP Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Lopes, Andreia Cristina Figueiredo

    2014-01-01

    Mestrado em Marketing O social media marketing adquire cada vez maior relevo para as empresas e exige, tal como noutras áreas de marketing, a delineação de um plano estratégico por forma a potenciar o seu sucesso. Tomando como objecto de estudo a companhia aérea TAP Portugal, foi elaborado um Plano de Social Media Marketing, com base no modelo conceptual de Barker et al. (2013), designado de "Social Media Planning Cycle". Para a elaboração do Plano, foram recolhidos dados primários, seguin...

  2. Energia nuclear: Uma solução para Portugal?

    OpenAIRE

    Pedro Cosme Costa Vieira

    2006-01-01

    As pessoas receiam a energia nuclear por diversas razões. Foi desenvolvida no contexto de uma guerra mundial, é a base da “destruição mútua garantida”, houve o acidente de Chernobyl e é necessário guardar o combustível utilizado durante vários séculos. Mas Portugal não tem recursos energéticos e precisa de energia para se desenvolver sem aumentar a emissão para a atmosfera de dióxido de carbono. No sentido de informar sobre a solução nuclear, neste trabalho explico a tecnologia e apresento um...

  3. Cuidados Paliativos Neonatais e Pediátricos para Portugal- Um desafio para o século XXI

    OpenAIRE

    MENDES, Joana; Justo da Silva, Lincoln; Santos, Maria João

    2013-01-01

    Cuidados Paliativos Neonatais e Pediátricos para Portugal- Um desafio para o século XXINeonatal and Pediatric Palliative Care for Portugal- a challenge for the XXI centuryResumoDesde 2004, os Cuidados Paliativos tem merecido uma atenção crescente no Programa Nacional de Saúde em Portugal. Ainda assim, os programas para as crianças e suas famílias, contemplando as suas necessidades específicas, continuam escassos, fragmentados e inconsistentes, disponíveis maioritariamente para doentes do foro...

  4. Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-03-01

    Portugal's 1983 population of 10.04 million was growing at .7%/year. 97% were Roman Catholic, 80% were literate, and 4.1 million were in the labor force in 1984. Portugal is mountainous north of the Tagus River and consists of rolling plains in the central south. The Azores and Madeira islands belong to Portugal but enjoy considerable autonomy. Portugal's dependency of Macau on the Chinese coast is an autonomous entity under Portuguese administration. The former teritories of Goa and Portuguese Timor were annexed by India and Indonesia respectively in 1961 and 1976, and the former territories in Africa achieved independence in 1974 and 1975. Portugal, 1 of the oldest states in Europe, traces its modern history to A.D. 1140 when the 1st king was crowned. The approximate present day boundaries were secured in 1249. Portugal eventually became a massive colonial empire with territories in Africa and Latin America and outposts in the Far East. The Portuguese Republic replaced the monarchy in 1910. After some years of instability, Antonio Salazar became prime minister, and with his successor, ruled Portugal as an authoritarian "corporate" state for 42 years. An almost bloodless coup in 1974 led to establishment of a parliamentary democracy. The 4 main organs of national government are the presidency, the prime minister and council of ministers, the assembly of the republic, and the courts. Portugal's gross domestic product (GDP) in 1984 was $19.4 billion, and per capita income was $1930. After almost a decade of rapid growth, the economy declined in the mid 1970s due to disruption after the 1974 revolution and the large influx of refugees from Portugal's former colonies in Africa. Growth resumed in the late 1970s, but structural problems and an often adverse international economic climate have slowed progress. The proportion of the labor force in agriculture has dropped from 42% to 24.4% since 1960. Agricultural production now contributes only 8.8% to the GDP, and a

  5. Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Simões, T; Madeira, Liliana; Estanqueiro, Ana

    2009-01-01

    Due to its location, Portugal has several valuable renewable resources for electricity production. It has a high level of solar radiation, moderate wind resource, and considerable vegetable and animal biomass potential. Ocean and hydro resources are also present, mainly the latter—although its major development took place in 2006 with the construction of large hydraulic power stations. Wave energy systems are now under development; the PELAMIS project, the first of its kind, is installed and ...

  6. Portugal: destino para turismo holístico

    OpenAIRE

    Rocha, Gabriel Lopes da

    2015-01-01

    O Turismo Holístico ganhou força no mundo com turistas que procuram programas e experiências que tragam equilíbrio às suas vidas. Praticar turismo holístico significa que qualquer turista pode usufruir e aproveitar uma experiência diferente, mais do que um simples contacto com as culturas, pessoas, lugares ou paisagens. Centra-se na autotransformação dos seres humanos, procurando entender mais sobre si mesmos. Em termos de Portugal Continental e ilhas, as regiões como o Gerês, ...

  7. Plano estratégico para a marca Mar Portugal : linhas orientadoras

    OpenAIRE

    Marques, Ana Teresa Ferreira

    2015-01-01

    Mestrado em Marketing Mar Portugal é uma marca registada desde fevereiro de 2013, pela Direção-Geral de Política do Mar. A marca surgiu num dos domínios de ação da Estratégia Nacional para o Mar 2013-2020 e tem como objetivo contribuir para a afirmação de Portugal enquanto país marítimo por excelência. Apesar do potencial económico que esta marca pode representar, nunca foi desenvolvido qualquer plano estratégico para a marca que permita a sua alavancagem. O presente trabalho tem como o...

  8. Prevalência de anticorpos para chlamydia trachomatis em grupos populacionais do Brasil, Inglaterra e Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marluísa de Oliveira Guimarães Ishak

    1988-02-01

    Full Text Available A prevalência de anticorpos IgG, grupo-específico para Chlamydia, em populações do Brasil, Inglaterra e Portugal foi determinada através do teste de imunofluorescência indireta, tendo-se como antígeno a cepa SA2 (f. Foram considerados positivos os soros com títulos de IgG >1:32. Dentre as populações brasileiras, a prevalência de anticorpos para Chlamydia foi maior em Serra Norte (76,2%, p < 0,01 do que nas das populações de Belém (53,6% e dos Índios Xicrins (51,3%. Entre os pacientes do Departamento de Medicina Genito-Urinária do University College Hospital (UCH e do quadro do mesmo Hospital, a prevalência de anticorpos anti-Chlamydia foi de 62% e 53,1%, respectivamente. Anticorpos anti-Chlamydia foram detectados em 54% e 66% na Inglaterra e em 56% e 68% em Portugal, nas pacientes do sexo feminino que freqüentavam Clínicas de Pré-Natal e de Infertilidade, respectivamente, Os resultados encontrados mostram uma alta exposição das populações testadas, à Chlamydia, principalmente do grupo de baixo nível sócio-econômico de Serra Norte, Brasil. A evidência de infecção por Chlamydia é da mesma ordem, tanto no Brasil, quanto na Inglaterra e Portugal.

  9. REDES COMUNITARIAS DE BANDA ANCHA: UNA CONTRIBUCIÓN PARA EL DESARROLLO REGIONAL EN PORTUGAL COMMUNITY NETWORKS: A CONTRIBUTE FOR REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN PORTUGAL Redes comunitárias de banda larga: um contributo para o desenvolvimento regional em Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flávio Paulo Jorge Nunes

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available El acceso a Internet por banda ancha constituye una potencialidad cada vez más relevante en el dominio del desarrollo regional, con todo la privatización y la liberalización del sector de las telecomunicaciones y la mera aplicación de las reglas del mercado no han conseguido asegurar una repartición geográfica equitativa del acceso a la banda ancha. Ante la constatación de esta tendencia se ha requerido financiación pública para la creación de las infraestructuras necesarias para generalizar el acceso a esta red, sobre todo en las áreas rurales menos pobladas. Este estudio tiene como objetivo evaluar la respuesta dada en Portugal para complementar la acción de las operadoras privadas de telecomunicaciones, con la creación de redes comunitarias de banda ancha. Actualmente está en curso la implementación de cuatro proyectos de redes comunitarias en Portugal, que pretenden viabilizar el acceso a aplicaciones telemáticas más innovadoras, las cuales constituyen hoy en día una condición necesaria para el éxito de muchos de los proyectos más innovadores de desarrollo regional y local.Broadband Internet access offers several potential benefits as a regional and local development tool, however it is nowadays commonly accepted that privatisation and pro-competitive policies are not enough to ensure a reasonable geographical equality as regards broadband access. Therefore public policies are more and more required in order to achieve a greater infrastructural equity and a widespread use of advanced telecommunications services in less-populated markets (rural areas. In several countries Governments are investing public funds in community-based broadband solutions, as an alternative method for the provision of local broadband services. This study will evaluate how the Portuguese government is trying to complement the action of Internet Service Providers (private operators with public policies for under-served areas (“notspots”, in

  10. Estratégias para aumentar a sensibilidade da farmacovigilância em Portugal Estrategias para aumentar la sensibilidad de la farmacovigilancia en Portugal Strategies to increase the sensitivity of pharmacovigilance in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Inês Ribeiro-Vaz

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar os resultados de intervenção para melhoria da quantidade e relevância das notificações de reacções adversas a medicamentos. MÉTODOS: Foi implementado um estudo controlado aleatorizado, por agrupamentos em farmacêuticos a exercer actividade profissional na região norte de Portugal, em 2007. Após aleatorização, 364 indivíduos foram alocados ao grupo de intervenção (261 na intervenção telefónica e 103 nos workshops; o grupo de controlo foi constituído por 1.103 farmacêuticos. Na intervenção educativa foram abordados a problemática das reacções adversas a medicamentos, o impacto na saúde pública e a notificação espontânea. Quanto à relevância, as reações adversas foram classificadas em graves e inesperadas. A análise estatística foi efectuada com base no princípio intention-to-treat; aplicaram-se modelos lineares generalizados mistos, utilizando o método penalized quasi-likelihood. Os farmacêuticos estudados foram seguidos durante um período de 20 meses. RESULTADOS: A intervenção aumentou três vezes a taxa de notificação espontânea das reações adversas (RR = 3,22; IC 95%: 1,33; 7,80 relativamente ao grupo de controlo. Houve incremento da relevância das notificações com aumento das reações adversas graves em cerca de quatro vezes (RR = 3,87; IC 95%: 1,29;11,61 e inesperadas em cinco vezes (RR = 5,02; IC 95%: 1,33;18,93, relativamente ao grupo de controlo. CONCLUSÕES: As intervenções educativas aumentam significativamente, por até quatro meses, a quantidade e a relevância das notificações espontâneas de reacções adversas a medicamentos por parte dos farmacêuticos da região norte de Portugal.OBJETIVO: Evaluar los resultados de intervención para mejoría de la cantidad y relevancia de las notificaciones de reacciones adversas a medicamentos. MÉTODOS: Fue implementado un estudio controlado aleatorio, por agrupaciones de farmacéuticos que ejercen actividad profesional

  11. Contributo para o estudo do regime térmico da região sul de Portugal Continental

    OpenAIRE

    Eliseu, Eduardo Ekungu

    2015-01-01

    Desde 1980 que tem vindo a ser medidas temperaturas em furos com o objectivo de criar um mapa de densidade de fluxo de calor (DFC) à superfície e cartas da distribuição da temperatura para diferentes profundidades para a região sul de Portugal Continental. Os resultados destes estudos têm importância tanto a nível do possível aproveitamento da energia geotérmica (de baixa entalpia- águas termais; alta entalpia- para produção de energia eléctrica), como a nível do conhecimento das propriedades...

  12. A marca Portugal : premissas para a construção da Marca-País Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Teresa, Angélique Inês da

    2014-01-01

    A globalização da economia mundial tem contribuído para uma maior dependência e interacção entre os países, que cada vez mais se esforçam por diferenciar e comunicar as suas vantagens competitivas. Neste contexto, o conceito de marca que funciona como um “selo de garantia” e paralelamente, favorece o conhecimento dos produtos que representa, tem evoluído e tem vindo a ser aplicado aos países: o conceito de marca-país. Alguns países definem estratégias para criar marcas que alavanquem a ...

  13. A qualidade percebida em programas municipais de actividade física para idosos: validação estatística para Portugal The perceived quality of physical activity programs for elderly: statistical validation for Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Isilda Barata Dias; Pedro Guedes de Carvalho

    2011-01-01

    O envelhecimento demográfico alastra em todo o mundo particularmente na Europa. O INE de Portugal (2002) confirma essa tendência neste país onde as autarquias locais têm um papel político e cultural fundamental na promoção da qualidade de vida aos seus cidadãos. Este estudo descreve o processo de validação de um instrumento fiável, simples e adequado para avaliar a qualidade percebida que os idosos fazem dos programas de actividade física autárquicos nas principais capitais de distrito em Por...

  14. A qualidade dos projectos : uma componente para a competitividade do sector da construção em Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Couto, J. Pedro; Teixeira, José M. Cardoso

    2006-01-01

    O sector da construção em Portugal vive um momento de particular importância. Juntamente com a reforma do seu quadro legislativo, visando torná-lo mais actual e eficiente, o sector atravessa uma estagnação imobiliária e um significativo abrandamento do mercado das obras públicas muito devido à situação económica presente. Neste contexto, revela-se de particular importância os diversos intervenientes aproveitarem o momento para refelectir, debater, transmitir e partilhar experiências de fo...

  15. A qualidade percebida em programas municipais de actividade física para idosos: validação estatística para Portugal The perceived quality of physical activity programs for elderly: statistical validation for Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isilda Barata Dias

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available O envelhecimento demográfico alastra em todo o mundo particularmente na Europa. O INE de Portugal (2002 confirma essa tendência neste país onde as autarquias locais têm um papel político e cultural fundamental na promoção da qualidade de vida aos seus cidadãos. Este estudo descreve o processo de validação de um instrumento fiável, simples e adequado para avaliar a qualidade percebida que os idosos fazem dos programas de actividade física autárquicos nas principais capitais de distrito em Portugal. Para além de uma sistematização de literatura sobre questionários de avaliação da qualidade de serviços, apresenta-se detalhadamente o procedimento estatístico que permitiu classificar o poder explicativo das diversas dimensões de qualidade estudadas. O tratamento de um inquérito aplicado a uma amostra de 210 idosos (0,5% da população portuguesa permite demonstrar que são considerados fortes os factores relativos às dimensões "Variedade" e "Recursos Humanos" e fracos os relacionados com a dimensão "Aspectos Gerais".Ageing is an increasing phenomenon all over the world, especially in Europe. The Portuguese INE (2002 confirms this trend for Portugal where local authorities play a crucial political and cultural role in promoting the quality of life of their citizens. In this paper we describe the validation process of a reliable and simple instrument fitted to assess the perceived quality of elderly people about the physical activity programs across the district municipalities. Besides a systematic literature review on inquiring services' quality we present the statistical procedure that allowed us to classify the explanation power of several quality dimensions. The results came out from a questionnaire applied to a sample of 210 elderly (0.5% of the Portuguese population and demonstrate that the factors related to the "Variety" and "Human Resources" dimensions are strong and those related to "General Aspects" dimension are

  16. Early Childhood Education and Care Policy in Portugal = A Educacao Pre-Escolar e os Cuidados para a Infancia em Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ministry of Education, Lisbon (Portugal).

    Based on the view that the rapid expansion and development of preschool education requires careful scrutiny of both educational policy and practices, this book presents information on current early childhood education and care policy in Portugal. Section 1 of the book provides a historical framework for the development of early childhood education…

  17. CAPTURA E ARMAZENAMENTO DE CO2 EM PORTUGAL: UMA PONTE PARA UMA ECONOMIA DE BAIXO CARBONO

    OpenAIRE

    Seixas, Júlia; Fortes, Patricia; Dias, Luís; Carneiro, Júlio; Mesquita, Paulo; Marques, Ferreira; Fernandes, Vítor; Helseth, Jonas; Ciesielska, Joanna; Whiriskey, Keith

    2015-01-01

    As atuais projeções indicam que são necessários esforços adicionais para atingir os objetivos de mitigação acordados para 2030 bem como a ambição de reduzir as emissões de gases com efeito de estufa da UE em 80 a 95% em 2050, face a 1990, sendo este o objetivo necessário a longo prazo para descarbonizar o sistema energético e industrial Europeu consentâneo com uma trajetória de estabilização climática do Planeta. Este estudo mostra como as tecnologias de baixo carbono contribuem para atingir ...

  18. Estudo sobre a evacuação de doentes dos Países Africanos de Língua Oficial Portuguesa para Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Vaz, Florência de Oliveira Reis

    2012-01-01

    Esta dissertação procura esmiuçar a problemática da evacuação dos doentes oriundos de Países Africanos de Língua Oficial Portuguesa (PALOP) para Portugal ao abrigo dos acordos de cooperação no âmbito da saúde. Foram identificados os pontos fortes, as fragilidades e as possibilidades nos diversos países de origem e em Portugal. Procurou-se analisar a utilidade prática da legislação existente e até que ponto esta é efectivada. Verificou-se a impossibilidade por parte do Serviço Nacional d...

  19. Corporate governance e setor empresarial público em Portugal: contributo para um normativo regulador

    OpenAIRE

    Vicente, Pedro Miguel dos Santos Ferreira

    2014-01-01

    Dissertação de Mestrado em Gestão e Políticas Públicas Resumo A transição do Estado Social, intervencionista e garante de bem-estar, para o Estado Regulador, focado na eficiência e na iniciativa da sociedade civil, ocorrida a partir da década de 80 do século XX, motiva uma profunda reflexão sobre a gestão e as políticas públicas e, em particular, sobre a gestão do setor empresarial público. A definição das políticas públicas e a administração pública em geral parecem crescentemente i...

  20. Adaptação Transcultural Brasil-Portugal da Escala de Satisfação com o Suporte Social para Estudantes do Ensino Superior

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João P. Marôco

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Realizou-se adaptação transcultural da Escala de Satisfação com o Suporte Social (ESSS para a língua portuguesa. As qualidades psicométricas foram avaliadas numa amostra de 1.023 estudantes do ensino superior do Brasil e de Portugal. A partir dos resultados obtidos propõe-se uma versão modificada da ESSS com 12 itens que avaliam 4 dimensões. A versão modificada revelou adequada confiabilidade, validade fatorial, validade concorrente, divergente e discriminante com exceção dessa última para Satisfação com as Amizades e a Intimidade. A validade convergente esteve no limite do aceitável. Observou-se invariância dos pesos fatoriais entre Brasil e Portugal, permitindo sua utilização para a avaliação da Satisfação com o Suporte Social em estudantes do ensino superior de ambos os países.

  1. Contribución para la caracterización bioclimática del Norte de Portugal. La transición florística atlántico-mediterránea.

    OpenAIRE

    Martins, Alvaro R.; Crespí, Antonio L.; Castro, Adriano; Fernandes, Claúdia P.; Rocha, Joao; de Castro, Carlos; Bernardos, Sonia; Amich García, Francisco

    2008-01-01

    Contribución para la caracterización bioclimática del norte de Portugal. La transición florística atlántico-mediterránea. Este trabajo se incluye en la serie de trabajos ya iniciados por Crespí et al. (2001), con el objetivo de contribuir al conocimiento bioclimático del Norte de Portugal, a través de la información florística presente. En este sentido, y para proceder a una posible cartografia de las áreas biogeográficas naturales desde una perspectiva termopluviométrica, son ahora introduci...

  2. Motivaciones de los escolares europeos para la práctica del deporte escolar. Un estudio realizado en España, Italia, Francia y Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fraile, Antonio

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available This study as purpose know the motives of the European students with 12 years of age for taking part in the school sport. They are resident students in the cities of: Valladolid (España, Oporto (Portugal, Roma (Italia, Tarbes-Pau (Francia, belonging to a set of relatively close countries and with a political, economic, sociocultural similar context. For it, there has been applied a questionnaire (based on the scale Likert, semiconstructed interviews and several groups of discussion with approximately 300 students (children-girls of these populations.

    Este estudio tiene como finalidad conocer los motivos de los escolares europeos de 12 años de edad para participar en el deporte escolar. Se tratan de escolares que residen en las ciudades de Valladolid (España, Oporto (Portugal, Roma (Italia y Tarbes-Pau (Francia, pertenecientes a un grupo de países relativamente próximos y con un contexto político, económico y socio-cultural similar. Para ello, se ha aplicado un cuestionario (basado en la escala Likert, entrevistas semi-estructuradas y varios grupos de discusión con aproximadamente 300 escolares (niños-niñas en cada una de esas poblaciones.

  3. Pobreza e desigualdade em Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Sabença, Cindy Sofia dos Santos Alves Ribeiro

    2012-01-01

    A conjuntura económica atual levanta questões sobre a condição de vida e bem-estar da sociedade, obrigando a uma reflexão aprofundada sobre a Pobreza e Desigualdade em Portugal. Este estudo tem como objetivo caracterizar a situação portuguesa e apresentar quais os determinantes da Pobreza em Portugal. Para tal é utilizada a base de dados estatísticos do Eurostat não só para a caracterização da sociedade portuguesa num contexto europeu, como também para desenvolver um modelo de estimação linea...

  4. Algunas reflexiones para una caracterización de los bomberos profesionales del distrito de Coimbra (Portugal: identidad, riesgos y prácticas operacionales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noémia Salgado-Cunha

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available En la nueva era del riesgo emergente el desafío que afrontan las sociedades es saber contornear las incertidumbres. ¿Cómo actúan los estados nacionales considerados semi-periféricos,1 como el portugués, frente a este nuevo orden? Cuando restringimos los riesgos solo a los naturales y tecnológicos, necesariamente, en Portugal, debemos hablar de responsabilidad pública. En lo que concierne a su Estado, es su misión, a través de las figuras jurídicamente creadas para el efecto (las instituciones en el ámbito de la protección civil asegurar la protección y socorro de las personas y bienes. Verificamos en los últimos años una sucesión de documentos legales que reglamentan el sistema de protección civil, lo que nos coloca sobre el cuadro investigativo de intentar conocer cómo es que en una sociedad semiperiférica, uno de sus “sujetos” garantes de la protección y socorro, los bomberos profesionales del distrito de Coimbra (Portugal, se posiciona operacionalmente en presencia de las disposiciones legales, teniendo en cuenta los contornos híbridos de la sociedad del riesgo. ¿Quiénes son?, ¿cuáles sus prácticas operacionales?, ¿cómo se integran con las poblaciones? Estas son algunas de las cuestiones a responder en la investigación en curso para una disertación de maestría en la Universidad de Coimbra.

  5. Modelos econométricos para el precio de los inmuebles: un caso de estudio en Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Canavarro Teixeira, María Cristina

    2011-01-01

    The main purpose of this study is to understand how the price of housing is formed in Portugal. We developed a case study in Castelo Branco, the city where I live since 1993. The study focuses on the prices of the apartments that were sold with the assistance of Estate Agents operating in Castelo Branco in the period of 2005- 2009. For the development of the study, we used two different methodologies: Hedonic Pricing Methods (MPH) and Artificial Neural Networks (ANN). ANN are a less tradition...

  6. Bioindicadores leñosos para conocer los cambios climáticos y antrópicos en Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Carrión Marco, Yolanda; Badal, Ernestina; Figueiral, Isabel

    2012-01-01

    Los carbones recuperados en contextos arqueológicos son bioindicadores claves para reconstruir la historia de las especies vegetales, su área de repartición espacial y cronológica. Su identificación botánica es una herramienta precisa para descifrar los cambios climáticos y las actividades humanas en el territorio, ya que las especies vegetales se pueden datar directamente por Acelerador de Espectrometría de Masas (ASM) para interpretar los cambios. En el presente trabajo revisamos los datos ...

  7. Portugal é o mar

    OpenAIRE

    Meneses, Avelino de Freitas de

    2007-01-01

    Os oceanos são críticos para a sobrevivência e o bem-estar da Humanidade, pelo que as oportunidades que encerram estão ao alcance e são um desafio para todos nós. Longe vão os tempos em que o mar separava os países e os povos – hoje é o mar que os aproxima e lhes confere poder e competitividade. Sendo um facto que sempre que Portugal se voltou para o mar prosperou, é objetivo do presente trabalho conhecer as razões que contribuíram para que o país chegasse à atual situação. ...

  8. As parcerias público-privadas para o desenvolvimento de infraestrutura rodoviária: experiência recente em Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joaquim Filipe Ferraz Esteves Araújo

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available As parcerias público-privadas (PPPs tornaram-se, nas últimas décadas, uma moda em todo o mundo. Tendo em mente o pressuposto teórico das PPPs, analisa-se a relação entre a utilização destas e os resultados obtidos no setor da construção e gestão de rodovias em Portugal. Por meio de revisão teórica da literatura e da análise dos dados existentes, propõe-se discutir os aspetos positivos e negativos dessa experiência. Os resultados apontam acordos de construção e gestão das rodovias que, na prática, não resultaram em uma mais-valia para o Estado, porque contrariam as boas práticas na utilização dos recursos públicos.

  9. Un cargo para el duque de Medina Sidonia: Portugal, el Estrecho de Gibraltar y el comercio indiano (1578-1584

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salas Almela, Luis

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available This article reveals and interprets the negotiations surrounding the nomination around 1580 of the Duke of Medina Sidonia as a candidate for the presidency of both the Consejo de Indias and the Casa de la Contratación. The historical context of those years, both that of the ducal house and that of the crown and its institutions, provide relevant clues regarding the contemporary debate about the duke’s suitability as a candidate for both posts. In turn, the duke’s refusal of these posts also sheds important light on the significance of this crucial historical juncture.

    Este artículo descubre e interpreta la negociación que se produjo en torno a la candidatura del duque de Medina Sidonia para presidir tanto el Consejo de Indias como la Casa de la Contratación en torno a 1580. A partir de la coyuntura histórica de aquellos años, tanto para la Casa señorial como para la Corona y sus instituciones, analizamos los argumentos a favor y en contra de la idoneidad del duque para los cargos. De este modo, el rechazo de Medina Sidonia arroja nueva luz sobre el significado de aquella crucial coyuntura.

  10. Water resources and sustainable development: planning requirements and shared management between Spain and Portugal; Recursos hidricos y desarrollo sostenible: requisitos para la planificacion y gestion compartida entre Espana y Portugal

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lopez Lopez, A.

    2011-07-01

    The Earth has a constant quantity of water, but suffers hydric stress and forecast of future is not optimistic. Thus, the UN in the Millennium Development Goals for 2015 establishes special reference to the issues of water. This paper highlights the indicators of sustainability for the hydric resources and proposes an ecosistemic model of eco-social efficiency for the sharing planning and management between Spain and Portugal. (Author)

  11. Adaptação transcultural Portugal-Brasil do Inventário de Burnout de Maslach para estudantes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliana Alvares Duarte Bonini Campos

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Realizar a adaptação transcultural da versão em português do Inventário de Burnout de Maslach para estudantes e investigar sua confiabilidade, validade e invariância transcultural. MÉTODOS: A validação de face envolveu participação de equipe multidisciplinar. Foi realizada validação de conteúdo. A versão em português foi preenchida em 2009, pela internet, por 958 estudantes universitários brasileiros e 556 portugueses da zona urbana. Realizou-se análise fatorial confirmatória utilizando-se como índices de ajustamento o χ²/df, o comparative fit index (CFI, goodness of fit index (GFI e o root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA. Para verificação da estabilidade da solução fatorial conforme a versão original em inglês, realizou-se validação cruzada em 2/3 da amostra total e replicada no 1/3 restante. A validade convergente foi estimada pela variância extraída média e confiabilidade composta. Avaliou-se a validade discriminante e a consistência interna foi estimada pelo coeficiente alfa de Cronbach. A validade concorrente foi estimada por análise correlacional da versão em português e dos escores médios do Inventário de Burnout de Copenhague; a divergente foi comparada à Escala de Depressão de Beck. Foi avaliada a invariância do modelo entre a amostra brasileira e a portuguesa. RESULTADOS: O modelo trifatorial de Exaustão, Descrença e Eficácia apresentou ajustamento adequado (χ²/df = 8,498; CFI = 0,916; GFI = 0,902; RMSEA = 0,086. A estrutura fatorial foi estável (λ: χ²dif = 11,383, p = 0,50; Cov: χ²dif = 6,479, p = 0,372; Resíduos: χ²dif = 21,514, p = 0,121. Observou-se adequada validade convergente (VEM = 0,45;0,64, CC = 0,82;0,88, discriminante (ρ² = 0,06;0,33 e consistência interna (α = 0,83;0,88. A validade concorrente da versão em português com o Inventário de Copenhague foi adequada (r = 0,21;0,74. A avaliação da validade divergente do instrumento foi prejudicada

  12. Viabilidade económica da implementação de um reactor nuclear para a produção de energia eléctrica em Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Pedro, Miguel António de Morais

    2012-01-01

    O presente trabalho tem como objectivo avaliar economicamente e determinar a viabilidade da implementação de um reactor nuclear para produção de energia eléctrica. Faz-se uma abordagem a aspectos da energia nuclear no mundo e em particular a energia nuclear na união europeia, faz-se uma análise sobre a estrutura do sector nuclear em Espanha e o futuro da energia no mundo. É realizada uma análise sobre a energia nuclear em Portugal, são abordados aspectos como o planeamento energético, a local...

  13. ¿Las empresas más productivas se autoseleccionan para exportar? Aplicación de una prueba para el caso de Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Armando Silva

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Utilizando una base de datos longitudinal (1996-2003 a nivel de empresa, este trabajo tiene como objetivo analizar la tesis de que las empresas nacionales más productivas autoseleccionan los mercados de exportación. La autoselección y el aprendizaje mediante la exportación son dos tesis no mutuamente excluyentes que tratan de explicar la alta correlación entre la participación en el comercio internacional de las empresas y su rendimiento superior. En general, encontramos evidencia de autoselección para los mercados de exportación. Sin embargo, existe una hetero- geneidad significativa en función del destino de las ventas, del estatus importador de las empresas antes de la exportación y de las peculiaridades de los sectores a los que éstas pertenecen.

  14. “Jesus made in Brazil”: notas sobre a transnacionalização do pentecostalismo brasileiro para Portugal (“Jesus made in Brazil”: notes on the transnationalization of Brazilian Pentecostalism to Portugal - DOI: 10.5752/P.2175-5841.2011v9n22p416

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Gracino Junior

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available O impacto de novas modalidades religiosas sobre “culturas locais” é um tema clássico das Ciências Sociais. Partindo das teses weberianas, muitos cientistas sociais analisam a adesão de crescentes contingentes populacionais ao protestantismo pentecostal no mundo não desenvolvido em sua relação positiva com o estabelecimento da modernidade capitalista. Porém, quando se trata da implantação desses movimentos religiosos em solo europeu, o que antes era uma “boa nova”, um sopro de modernidade para os corações latinos, torna-se algo ameaçador, capaz de corromper os sólidos pilares da modernidade europeia. Pensando nessas abordagens, a implantação do pentecostalismo brasileiro em Portugal torna-se curiosa, uma vez que é compreendida, por um lado, como uma corrupção da tradição católica portuguesa e, por outro, como um surto irracionalista, um entrave à europeização portuguesa. Dito isso, o objetivo desse trabalho é analisar como os atores sociais acionam esses aspectos nas diversas frentes de resistência ao crescimento pentecostal no país.Palavras-chave: Pentecostalismo; Transnacionalização; Brasil; Portugal. AbstractThe impact of new religious modalities on "local cultures" is a classic theme of Social Sciences. Building on the weberian thesis, many social scientists have examined the adhesion of the growing population contingents to Pentecostal Protestantism in the undeveloped world in its positive relationship with the establishment of capitalist modernity. However, when it comes to the deployment of these religious movements in Europe, what was once a "good new", a blow of modernity to the hearts of modern Latin, becomes something threatening, capable of corrupting the solid pillars of European modernity. Thinking about these approaches, the implementation of Brazilian Pentecostalism in Portugal becomes curious, since it is understood, first, as a corruption of the Portuguese Catholic tradition and, secondly

  15. EX-ÆQUO: contributo decisivo para um campo de estudos em Portugal EX-ÆQUO: a decisive contribution to a field of studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teresa Joaquim

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Apresentação da revista Ex-Æquo (da Associação Portuguesa de Estudos sobre as Mulheres, no ambito da institucionalização dos estudos sobre as mulheres e sobre gênero em Portugal e no contexto de uma sociedade democrática.Presentation of the Ex-Æquo review (published by the Portuguese Association of Women' s Studies, having in mind the institucionalization of women's studies and gender studies in Portugal in the context of a democratic society.

  16. Ensino técnico: uma necessidade ou uma falácia? Notas para a compreensão da filosofia do ensino técnico em Portugal e no Brasil - Technical teaching: a necessity or a fallacy? Notes for the comprehension of the philosophy of technical teaching in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luís Alberto Marques Alves, Portugal.

    2013-08-01

    philosophy, in the investment, in the social credibility and in the economical necessity.Key-words: technical teaching, professionalization, industrial capitalism, neoprofessionalism, Portugal, Brazil, secondary teaching. ENSEÑANZA TÉCNICA: UNA NECESIDAD O UNA FALACIA? NOTAS PARA LA COMPRENSIÓN DE LA FILOSOFÍA DE LA ENSEÑANZA TÉCNICA EN PORTUGAL Y EN BRASILResumenHablar de enseñanza técnica obliga a cruzar vertientes científicas diversas -  historia, sociología, economía - y a contextualizar la información en el ámbito de la Historia de la Educación. La herencia recibida del sistema corporativo, la partición de responsabilidades entre público y privado, las expectativas sociales y económicas, su relación con el desarrollo y la difícil relación entre el nacional y el internacional son algunas de las vertientes que importa analizar cuando buscamos hacer un trayecto breve en la dimensión pero ampliado en el tiempo. Insertar aún una preocupación comparativa entre Portugal y Brasil, aunque puntual, exige una síntesis de las ideas nucleares marginalizando el accesorio. Pretende este artigo, en una cronología que va del siglo 18 a fines del 20, especificar los cambios de filosofía, de embestida, de credibilidad social y de necesidad económica.Palabras-clave: enseñanza técnica, profesionalización, capitalismo industrial, neoprofesionalismo, Portugal, Brasil, enseñanza secundaria.  L'ENSEIGNEMENT TECHNIQUE: UNE NECESSITE OU UNE ERREUR? ASPECTS POUR LA COMPREHENSION DE LA PHILOSOPHIE DE L'ENSEIGNEMENT TECHNIQUE AU PORTUGAL ET AU BRESILRésumeEn parlant de l'enseignement technique on nécessite d’indiquer plusieurs aspects scientifiques - histoire, sociologie, économie - et de contextualiser l'information dans l'histoire de l'éducation. L'héritage du système d'entreprise, la répartition des responsabilités entre les attentes de l’état et des privés, sociaux et économiques, leur relation avec le développement et les relations difficiles

  17. Acessibilidade e capacidade para pagar pelos serviços de água e de esgotamento sanitário em Portugal Affordability and accessibility in the water and wastewater services in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Carvalho

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available O crescimento da população mundial no último século tem conduzido a um aumento exponencial do uso da água, a um consequente aumento da sua escassez, bem como a uma diminuição da sua qualidade. Uma das principais causas responsáveis por essa realidade tem sido o reduzido preço que os diferentes stakeholders pagam por esse recurso. O facto de não ser pago pelos diferentes stakeholders um preço justo que reflita os impactos causados no ambiente, bem como na vida das gerações futuras pelo consumo desse recurso, tem conduzido à sobre-exploração da água. Nesse contexto, perspectiva-se, em nível mundial, um incremento dos encargos com os serviços de águas e de esgotamento sanitário, com o intuito de tornar a gestão desse recurso sustentável e, paralelamente, melhorar a sua qualidade. Este trabalho compara os encargos que as famílias de vários países suportam com esses serviços e analisa, em detalhe, o impacto atual desses encargos nas famílias em Portugal, evidenciando os resultados de dois estudos recentes e das reformas em curso. Conclui-se que o aumento do preço do recurso água será inevitável e, por conseguinte, uma maior parcela dos rendimentos familiares será dispensada com esses serviços. Este trabalho demonstra que será no interior de Portugal que poderão surgir, no futuro, os maiores problemas de affordability.The world population growth over the last century has led to an exponential increase in water use, besides more scarcity of this resource and a drop in its quality. One of the major failures in the water sector has been the low price that different stakeholders pay for this good. The fact that a fair price has not been paid for water reflects its overuse with impacts on the environment and on the lives of future generations. In this context, it is expected that the expenses with the water and wastewater services will rise all over the world in order to achieve a more sustainable management of this

  18. Motivaciones de los escolares europeos para la práctica del deporte escolar. Un estudio realizado en España, Italia, Francia y Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Fraile, Antonio; de Diego, Raúl

    2006-01-01

    This study as purpose know the motives of the European students with 12 years of age for taking part in the school sport. They are resident students in the cities of: Valladolid (España), Oporto (Portugal), Roma (Italia), Tarbes-Pau (Francia), belonging to a set of relatively close countries and with a political, economic, sociocultural similar context. For it, there has been applied a questionnaire (based on the scale Likert), semiconstructed interviews and several groups of discussion with ...

  19. Currículo e ensino da História no 1º ciclo do Ensino Básico em Portugal: notas para uma reflexão

    OpenAIRE

    Favinha, Marília

    2011-01-01

    Iniciamos o nosso artigo sobre o currículo e ensino da História no 1º ciclo em Portugal situando esta área no quadro mais geral das Ciências Humanas, ao qual pertence. De seguida tentaremos perceber como é que a História se tem configurado neste ciclo e qual a contribuição que dá para a formação integral dos alunos, com o intuito de discutir alguns aspectos da relação entre o currículo nacional e as metodologias de ensino da História neste nível de ensino.

  20. Contribuição para o estudo da utilização da artroscopia em equinos em Portugal : estudo de 50 casos

    OpenAIRE

    Joglar, Filipa Varela de Almeida

    2011-01-01

    Dissertação de Mestrado Integrado em Medicina Veterinária O desenvolvimento da técnica artroscópica permitiu um grande avanço na ortopedia veterinária, tendo revolucionado o diagnóstico das doenças articulares em equinos e o seu tratamento cirúrgico por métodos minimamente invasivos. O acompanhamento da actividade cirúrgica durante, aproximadamente, 3 anos permitiu a recolha de uma quantidade considerável de dados relativos à realização de artroscopias e tenoscopias em Portugal. Ainda q...

  1. La contribución del Laboratorio de Arquezoología del IPA para el desarrollo de la Arqueozoología en Portugal

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    Marta Moreno Garcia

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo pretende mostrar de manera sintética el trabajo realizado desde finales de 1999 por el Laboratorio de Arqueozoologia del Instituto Portugués de Arqueología en Lisboa (Portugal. La creación y organización de una colección comparativa de esqueletos de vertebrados, el estudio de asociaciones arqueofaunísticas y el lanzamiento de proyectos interdisciplinares a largo plazo constituyen las principales áreas de actuación.

  2. Lessons from Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harry, Vickie; Mechling, Ken

    2010-01-01

    Portugal has long been touted as a popular destination for savvy travelers, but now educators are touting it as something else--a professional development (PD) powerhouse for inquiry-based science! This article describes Portugal's ongoing efforts to reform its country's elementary science education program through a project known as the…

  3. Tertiary Education in Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    OECD Publishing (NJ3), 2008

    2008-01-01

    Portugal's tertiary education sector has expanded significantly over the last 20 years, but participation and overall educational attainment levels remain below European standards and enrolment rates have begun to decline. The OECD review recommends that Portugal's national government should focus on strategic direction and leave higher education…

  4. Incêndios Florestais em Portugal Continental fora do "período crítico". Contributos para o seu conhecimento.

    OpenAIRE

    Fernandes, Sofia

    2015-01-01

    Todos os anos, durante o verão, milhares de hectares de floresta são devastados pelos incêndios florestais que se verificam em várias regiões do globo. Na Europa, por exemplo, a maior parte, concentram-se na região do Mediterrâneo. Portugal tem sido o país mais afetado registando, maioritariamente, entre os meses de julho a setembro, uma grande concentração do número de ocorrências e área ardida, pelo que estes meses foram designados de período crítico, durante o qual vigoram medidas especiai...

  5. O fenômeno das explicações: aspectos da realidade portuguesa e do contexto global Las clases particulares en Portugal: elementos para la caracterización del fenômeno Private tutoring in Portugal: elements for the characterization of the phenomenon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Adelino Costa

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available As explicações (private tutoring, como fenômeno que ocorre geralmente fora da escola, podem ser interpretadas sob múltiplos pontos de vista: como instrumento pedagógico a serviço dos alunos que já experimentaram ou perspectivam vir a experimentar insucesso escolar; como adjuvante das famílias na conquista das melhores posições para disputar o selectivo processo de ingresso no ensino superior; como expressão do mercado educativo, em que as famílias exercem liberdade de escolha; como fenômeno que pode induzir formas de pressão externa sobre a escola, nomeadamente quando pode ser identificado pelos "consumidores" (famílias como sintoma da reduzida qualidade e eficácia das escolas; ou, pelo contrário, como aliado das escolas na obtenção dos melhores resultados nos exames tendo em vista a melhoria do posicionamento respectivo no chamado ranking das escolas. Seja qual for a perspectiva adoptada, parece-nos essencial conhecer os contornos do fenômeno, quer em Portugal, quer noutros contextos nacionais. Na sequência de uma investigação acerca da temática das explicações iniciada em 2001, que conta já com cinco anos sucessivos de recolhas de informação, realizada através de inquérito por questionário dirigido a todos os alunos do 12º ano (último ano do ensino secundário português, o ano escolar que precede o acesso ao ensino superior de quatro escolas secundárias de uma cidade do litoral português a que chamamos Cidade Aquarela, apresentamos neste artigo alguns dos dados relativos ao ano lectivo de 2005/2006.Las clases particulares (private tutoring, como fenômeno que ocurre principalmente fuera de la escuela, se pueden interpretar a través de varios puntos de vista: como instrumento pedagógico para los alumnos que han experimentado o piensan que experimentarán fracaso escolar; como algo que ayuda a las familias en la "conquista" de las mejores posiciones para competir en el proceso selectivo para entrar en una

  6. Estudo da viabilidade de utilização da água de ETAR tratada para combate a incêndios florestais em Portugal continental

    OpenAIRE

    Mendes, Liliana Paula Duarte

    2009-01-01

    Dissertação apresentada na Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia da Universidade Nova de Lisboa para obtenção do grau de Mestre em: Engenharia do Ambiente - Perfil de Sanitária Actualmente, devido ao crescente aumento populacional as necessidades intrínsecas de água têm vindo a aumentar. Assim sendo, como as reservas de água doce são limitadas, terão de ser encontradas alternativas por forma não por em causa a sustentabilidade deste recurso. Desta forma o uso de água reutilizada para co...

  7. A congregação salesiana e o seu ideal educativo (1894-1974): contributo para a história do ensino confessional em Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Silva, Isabel Maria Simões de Barros Pereira da

    2012-01-01

    Tese de mestrado, Didáctica da História, Universidade de Lisboa, Faculdade de Letras, 2012 Este trabalho tem por objecto o papel da Congregação Salesiana na educação da juventude, elegendo para observação as Oficinas de S. José em Lisboa. Caracterizámos a personalidade do seu Fundador – Dom Bosco – procurando identificar os elementos relevantes do seu pensamento e da sua actuação no que respeita ao projecto educativo que instituiu e defendeu – o “Sistema Preventivo”. A...

  8. Muslim Slaves and Freedmen in Medieval Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soyer, François

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available The study of slavery in medieval Portugal has focused almost exclusively on the status and fate of the sub-Saharan Africans who started to arrive in the kingdom from 1441 onwards. The work of A. C. de C. M Saunders, A Social History of Black Slaves and Freedmen in Portugal 1441-1555 (Cambridge University Press, 1982 has been particularly important in this respect. In stark contrast to this, the fate of the substantial number of Muslim slaves who lived and worked in Portugal during the medieval period has to a large extent been overlooked. Using documentary evidence obtained from the national Portuguese archives, this article proposes to analyse in detail the origins of these slaves, their economic and social role and the laws that were promulgated to control them and their owners. The status of freedmen and manumission practices are also closely studied.

    El estudio de la esclavitud en el Portugal medieval ha sido dominado por estudios sobre los esclavos oriundos del África subsahariana que comenzaron a ser importados en aquel reino desde 1441. La obra de A. C. de C. M. Saunders, A Social History of Black Slaves and Freedmen in Portugal 1441-1555 (Cambridge University Press, 1982 ha sido particularmente importante a este respecto. En contraste con esta situación, se sabe relativamente poco de los esclavos musulmanes en el reino medieval de Portugal. Utilizando nuevas fuentes documentales del archivo nacional portugués, este artículo se propone examinar los orígenes de estos esclavos musulmanes y su posición económica y social en el Portugal del medievo, así como las leyes reales que fueron promulgadas para controlar a los esclavos y a sus dueños. La posición social de los libertos y las prácticas de manumisión serán también estudiadas.

  9. Modernising Portugal's Secondary Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heitor, Teresa V.

    2008-01-01

    Portugal has a total of 477 public secondary schools. Some date from the end of the 19th century but the majority were built after 1970, reflecting the period of expansion in the school network and the extension of compulsory schooling. The schools are heterogeneous in terms of building types, architectural features and quality. An assessment of…

  10. Early Retirement in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Albuquerque, Paula; Arcanjo, Manuela; Escária, Vítor

    2009-01-01

    This paper analyzes the early retirement decisions made by Portuguese workers aged 50 to 64. It investigates the main characteristics of early retirees, and the main determinants of their decision, based on the eight waves of the European Community Household Panel for Portugal, from 1994 to 2001. Several definitions of early retirement are considered in order to take into account the different pathways to retirement that workers may follow. Some results are robust to different methodologie...

  11. Restructuring in SMEs Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Pereira, Dina; Leitão, João

    2013-01-01

    Based on information derived from 85 case studies across all EU Member States and other sources, the project outlines the features peculiar to SMEs in their anticipation and management of restructuring, explores the main drivers of change and analyses the factors influencing successful restructuring. It offers some insight into how restructuring impacts on workers and the company itself and sets out several policy pointers for future action. This is the country report for Portugal.

  12. As associações de jornalistas, em Portugal, até 1974, e as suas publicações contributo para uma reflexão acerca do associativismo jornalístico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Pedro Sousa

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Portugal has followed, since 1880, the international trend towards the foundation of representative organizations of journalists, documenting the growing sense of class among those who did of the editorial office of a newspaper an occupation, an activity or even a profession. The goal of this paper is to know the journalists' associations that existed in Portugal, from the very beginning until 1974, and in particular those which published some kind of bulletin or magazine, as well as presenting, in summary form, the respective publications. To that end, we have used bibliographic research about the journalistic associations and, especially, a documentary analysis of such publications.

  13. A prática musical religiosa no Brasil e em Portugal na segunda metade do século XVIII: paralelo e fundamentação para a interpretação vocal da música de José Joaquim Emerico Lobo de Mesquita Religious musical practice in Brazil and Portugal in the second half of eighteenth century: parallels and basis for the vocal interpretation of the music of José Joaquim Emerico Lobo de Mesquita

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katya Beatriz de Oliveira

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Na busca da sonoridade histórica e estilisticamente embasada para a interpretação vocal da música sacra mineira da segunda metade do século XVIII e início do XIX, tornase necessário um paralelo com a música realizada em Portugal durante o século XVIII, que constate a influência desta sobre a música mineira setecentista. Neste artigo pretendemos investigar as similaridades estilísticas entre a música do compositor mineiro José Joaquim Emerico Lobo de Mesquita, particularmente no solo de soprano de sua Missa em Mi bemol, com o solo de soprano de uma Missa a cinco vozes do compositor David Perez e o primeiro movimento do moteto Care Deus si respiro, para soprano solo e cordas, de Niccolò Jommelli, compositores italianos da escola napolitana atuantes em Portugal na segunda metade do século XVIII. Temos como objetivo justificar a utilização de tratados europeus para a fundamentação dos aspectos interpretativos da música mineira.In order to achieve a historically and stylisticallybased vocal interpretation of the sacred music of Minas Gerais (Brazil in the second half of the eighteenth century and early nineteenth century, it is necessary to compare it with Portuguese music written during the same period, thus tracing the Portuguese influence in the Brazilian works. In this essay we intend to investigate the similarities in style between the music of the composer from Minas Gerais José Joaquim Emerico Lobo de Mesquita, particularly in the soprano solo of his Mass in E flat, and the soprano solo of a Mass for five voices by David Perez and the first movement of the motet Care Deus si respiro, for soprano solo and strings, by Niccoló Jommelli, Italian composers of the Neapolitan school who worked for the Portuguese court in the second half of the 18th century. We will therefore attempt to justify the use of historical European singing treatises to use as basis for the vocal performance of this music from Minas Gerais.

  14. Novos resultados e elementos para a análise e debate sobre a Literacia da Informação em Portugal Nuevos resultados y elementos para el análisis y el debate sobre la Alfabetización Informacional en Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viviana Fernández Marcial

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo divulga resultados do Projeto de Pesquisa eLit.pt – A Literacia Informacional no Espaço Europeu do Ensino Superior. Ao longo dos dois anos foram divulgados os pressupostos teórico-metológicos e conceituais além dos resultados parciais dos dois inquéritos distribuídos para uma amostra de mais de três mil estudantes. Um dos inquéritos para alunos do último ano do secundário e outro a alunos do segundo ano do ensino universitário e politécnico. Neste artigo, avançamos com mais alguns resultados e divulgamos os modelos dos inquéritos aplicados. Com mais estes elementos esperamos contribuir para a estimulação de um debate urgente e aprofundado acerca do tema “literacia da informação” que não deve, em nosso entendimento, ser confundida com inclusão digital ou com brecha digital.

  15. Teaching Medicine in Medieval Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moisão, Cristina

    2015-12-01

    This article describes the teaching of Medicine in Portugal in the Middle Ages, concerning the Visigoth, Moslem and Christian periods. With the foundation of Portugal in 1143, Medicine was initially taught by priests, but lately was settled in Lisbon the General Study and the activity of physicians, surgeons and apothecaries was ruled by the king. PMID:27172734

  16. Teaching Medicine in Medieval Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moisão, Cristina

    2015-12-01

    This article describes the teaching of Medicine in Portugal in the Middle Ages, concerning the Visigoth, Moslem and Christian periods. With the foundation of Portugal in 1143, Medicine was initially taught by priests, but lately was settled in Lisbon the General Study and the activity of physicians, surgeons and apothecaries was ruled by the king.

  17. Caracterização biofísica e ecológica dos povoamentos de medronheiro amostrados em Portugal para o estudo da estrutura genética usando ferramentas SIG

    OpenAIRE

    Roque, N.; Ricardo, A; Antunes, A.; Quinta-Nova, L.C.; Ribeiro, M.M.A.

    2014-01-01

    O medronheiro (Arbutus unedo L.) é uma espécie autóctone, com distribuição ubíqua em Portugal, tolerante ao stress hídrico, a solos de baixa fertilidade e com uma resistência ativa a incêndios florestais. O fruto é utilizado na produção de aguardente, a principal fonte de rendimento, e o seu consumo em fresco (medronho), com potencial antioxidante, representa uma nova oportunidade. Verifica-se, atualmente, um forte incremento na procura de plantas melhoradas. No âmbito do Pr...

  18. Women in Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barbosa, M

    1981-01-01

    Prior to 1974, women in Portugal were restricted by the Penal Code and had little organizational power. Women's groups were formed within the Catholic Church to teach women about cooking, child care, and home economics. There was no contact with international women's groups. The press only reported events such as bra burning. 80% of all illiterates in Portugal are women. The conditions of Portuguese women are described after the revolution of April 25, 1974. Present roles are discussed for work, health, education, religion, trade unions and political parties, and women's organizations. The Women's Liberation Movement (WLM) appeared in May 1974 among a heterogenous group of women in Lisbon who were concerned about the oppression of women. WLM made feminist issues public amid ridicule and promoted the declaration of equal rights for women in the 1976 Republic Constitution and in the Family Code. Wage discrimination became illegal in 1979. Women represent 32.8% of the labor force. Unemployment is particularly high among women and is increasing. Women's wages and levels of skill are the lowest. The Christian Democratic government is actively engaged in a campaign to keep women at home and has formed the special Ministry of Family Affairs, which encourages large families and women's home activity in order to save jobs for men. There is a crisis in education: large class sizes and limited number of schools. Child care for the working mother is expensive when available and rarely available. An obstacle to women's rights has been the role of the Catholic Church, which fought equal rights legislation, condemned the Family Code and divorce laws, forbade the practice of contraception, and supported the movement against abortion. Only 1 member of government is a women, and she is considered a token. Trade unions have a women's section, but little attention is given to the problems of women. Women's groups within larger organizations have little autonomy. Those with autonomy

  19. PSYCHOSOCIAL REHABILITATION IN ASSISTED HOUSING IN BRAZIL AND PORTUGAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio José de Almeida Filho

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de esta investigación es analizar cómo las Casas Terapéuticas para los usuarios con trastornos mentales en los municipios de Miranda do Corvo-Portugal y Volta Redonda-Brasil contribuyen a la rehabilitación psicosocial de las personas con sufrimiento mental. Estudio de perspectiva histórica, cuyas fuentes históricas fueron leyes, resoluciones e informes oficiales y declaraciones de enfermeras, psicólogos y trabajadores sociales. Se encontró que en ambos municipios la intención es la desinstitucionalización de las personas con sufrimiento mental, en Miranda do Corvo-Portugal la gestión financiera y administrativa es responsabilidad de una fundación y, en Volta Redonda-Brasil esta gestión es auspiciada por el ejecutivo municipal, además de observar en Miranda del Corvo-Portugal la adopción de medidas disciplinarias en función de exceso de los usuarios. Se concluye que la crisis económica en Portugal ha interferido con la política de expansión de las Casas Terapéuticas en cuanto al número de usuarios que no permite la intervención más individualizada.

  20. O embaixador; o livreiro e o policial circulação de livros proibidos e medo revolucionário em Portugal na virada do século XVIII para o XIX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cláudio Denipoti

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Uma denúncia vinda de Paris em 1792 fez com que o Intendente de Polícia de Lisboa ficasse atento às ações de um dos principais livreiros da cidade. Como a maioria dos livreiros, este era nascido na França, e já tivera rusgas com as autoridades da censura portuguesa por vender livros proibidos. As ações do Intendente de Polícia neste período, além dos problemas cotidianos, lidavam de perto com a supressão das ideias revolucionárias que pudessem chegar até Portugal e seus domínios. Os livreiros, sobre quem geralmente pesavam suspeitas de ser revolucionários, ou "pedreiros-livres", ou liberais, tinham, em sua maioria, se estabelecido em Portugal algumas décadas antes, vindos principalmente da França e da Itália e sofreram pesadas sanções, desde o sequestro das propriedades, a prisão e o exílio. Na confluência das vidas dos personagens aqui estu- dados, podemos compreender um pouco mais sobre as práticas culturais em torno do universo da palavra impressa de fins do século XVIII e início do século XIX.

  1. Institutions, property and, and economic growth: Back to the passage from the Ancien Régime to liberalism in Portugal Instituições, propriedade e crescimento económico: de regresso à passagem do Antigo Regime para o liberalismo em Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciano Amaral

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The liberal revolution was the biggest institutional breaking point in Portuguese history. It created the modern state and modern private property. This change was particularly complex in Portugal due to the peculiar nature of the country’s Ancien Régime. The aristocracy was excessively dependent on service to the Crown, thus keeping it as an un-entrepreneurial class, and leading to the underdevelopment of property rights. The nineteenth century was, thus, mostly a period of transition, where the difficulties in destroying the old organization and creating a new one were daunting. But once it was done the Portuguese economy started showing relatively robust signs of growth.A revolução liberal foi a maior rutura institucional da história portuguesa. Criou o Estado moderno e a ­propriedade privada moderna. Esta mudança foi particularmente complexa devido à natureza peculiar do Antigo Regime existente em Portugal. A aristocracia era demasiado dependente da prestação de serviços à Coroa, o que a manteve como uma classe não-empresarial e conduziu ao subdesenvolvimento dos direitos de propriedade. O século XIX foi, assim, sobretudo um período de transição, caracterizado pela dificuldade extrema em destruir a velha organização e criar uma nova. Mas uma vez operada a transição, a economia portuguesa começou a mostrar sinais relativamente robustos de crescimento económico.

  2. Experiment@Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Teresa Restivo

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available

    The main goal of the Project Experiment@Portugal is to produce a complete survey of Portuguese developments in remote and virtual labs. This knowledge will provide the conditions for joining forces in order to organize a well structured national website integrating a database of available remote and virtual experiments, categorized for sharing purposes, and looking for delivering valuable contents for high schools and for higher education. It is expected that the final result will bring up a solid team able to offer in this domain a Portuguese partner at international level

  3. Potencialidades das Tecnologias de Informação e Comunicação para a Eficácia do Sistema de Gestão da Qualidade e a Imagem Empresarial: Estudo Aplicado nas Pequenas e Médias Empresas da Euro Região Norte de Portugal-Galiza

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Remondes

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available A utilização de Tecnologias de Informação e Comunicação (TIC nas empresas tem provocado amplos debates e produzido literatura nacional e internacional. Este artigo revê algumas obras e centra-se no estudo da utilização de TIC no Sistema de Gestão da Qualidade (SGQ e na Imagem das Pequenas e Médias Empresas (PME da Euro Região Norte de Portugal-Galiza, dos sectores industrial, comércio e serviços. Os resultados do projeto de investigação quantitativo, baseados numa amostra de 173 empresas, que responderam a um questionário on-line, entre setembro e dezembro de 2009, mostram que as TIC contribuem para a melhoria da eficácia do SGQ e a imagem empresarial. As barreiras à sua utilização mais frequente são sobretudo as mudanças organizacionais exigidas e os custos de investimento para as empresas.

  4. UNIDADES GEOMORFOLÓGICAS DE PORTUGAL CONTINENTAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diamantino Insua Pereira

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available São representadas cartograficamente as unidades geomorfológicas identificadas para os 89015 km2 do território de Portugal Continental. A delimitação das unidades teve por base a análise dos padrões da textura fornecida por imagens SRTM, com revisão e adaptação posterior à altimetria e à geologia, para os quais foram usadas bases cartográficas digitais. Foram considerados três níveis taxionómicos que permitem descrever e caracterizar áreas homogéneas do ponto de vista geomorfológico. As três unidades de 1º nível baseiam-se nas unidades morfostruturais clássicas consideradas para a Península Ibérica. As dez unidades de 2º nível constituem, na sua maioria, divisões clássicas do relevo de Portugal Continental, agora agrupadas de acordo com a metodologia adoptada e designadas como unidades morfosculturais. As 56 unidades de 3º nível, ou subunidades morfosculturais, foram individualizadas com base nos padrões de relevo identificados nas imagens SRTM e na observação de campo e adquiriram uma designação baseada essencialmente nas geoformas que as individualizam e na toponímia local. As unidades geomorfológicas identificadas são descritas através de características do relevo, dissecação fluvial, estruturas, tipo de drenagem e base geológica, bem como de parâmetros numéricos gerados de forma automática, como classes de altitude e de declividade. Pretende-se que o mapa elaborado possa contribuir para a gestão territorial, em especial na tomada de decisões em conservação da natureza.

  5. España, Portugal y los falsos amigos | Spain, Portugal and the false friends

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ángel RIVERO RODRÍGUEZ

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available España y Portugal son dos países que comparten mucho en el terreno de la historia, la cultura y la geografía. Sin embargo, esa misma proximidad se ha convertido muchas veces en el principal obstáculo para que cooperen entre sí.Desde la perspectiva portuguesa, la proximidad española se ha visto permanentemente como una amenaza a la independencia de Portugal. Desde el punto de vista de España, la cercanía de Portugal ha debilitado su consideración como país extranjero y ha acentuado un sentido de comunidad no siempre bien recibido por los portugueses. De modo que Portugal siempre ha querido diferenciarse y España ha respondido siempre aproximándose. Esta es la raíz del malentendido.Este cruce de percepciones distintas sobre el valor de proximidad, da lugar a todo tipo de equívocos, pues el deseo de diferenciación de uno puede entenderse como enemistad por el otro y, a la inversa, el de aproximación del segundo como invasión por el primero. Ejemplo de esto es lo que ocurre con la palabra iberismo, una palabra que se escribe igual en ambas lenguas pero que puede significar cosas opuestas, esto es, que puede ser un falso amigo. Así en las dos lenguas iberismo señala el ideal de una integración de ambos países, pero en portugués esto implica la subordinación de la soberanía portuguesa a la española y puede vincularse a la idea de traición; mientras que en español tiene una carga política mucho menor y puede apuntar a la simple simpatía por Portugal.En este artículo quiero mostrar cómo la proximidad de España y Portugal ha sido un obstáculo en las relaciones exteriores entre los dos países peninsulares, cuya comunicación ha sido distorsionada por los falsos amigos hasta el punto de convertirse, ellos mismos, en falsos amigos. Esto es, en países a los que se presupone una cercanía de propósitos que casi nunca se ve realizada en los hechos. Portugal and Spain are two countries that share history, culture and

  6. Portugal's Secondary School Modernisation Programme

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heitor, Teresa V.; Freire da Silva, Jose M. R.

    2009-01-01

    The aim of the Secondary School Modernisation Programme, being implemented in Portugal by "Parque Escolar, EPE", is based on the pursuit of quality and makes Portuguese education a potential international benchmark. This paper discusses the strategies adopted to reorganise school spaces. It describes the conceptual model and highlights the…

  7. [Career Satisfaction of Medical Residents in Portugal].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martins, Maria João; Laíns, Inês; Brochado, Bruno; Oliveira-Santos, Manuel; Teixeira, Pedro Pinto; Brandão, Mariana; Cerqueira, Rui João; Castro-Ferreira, Ricardo; Bernardes, Carlos; Menezes, Miguel Nobre; Baptista, Bernardo Soares; Ladeiras-Lopes, Ricardo; Rei, Mariana Cruz; Rosa, Gilberto Pires da; Martins, José Luís; Mendonça Sanches, Maria; Ferreira-Pinto, Manuel J; Rato, Margarida; Costa e Silva, Miguel; Policiano, Catarina; Beato, João; Barbosa-Breda, João; Torres, João Pimentel; Leal, Inês; Rosa, Sílvia Aguiar; Ribeiro, Bárbara Carvalho; Costa, Francisco Rego; Palmela, Carolina; Gonçalves, Tiago Cúrdia; Morais, Luis; Marques, Tiago Reis

    2015-01-01

    Introdução: A satisfação com a profissão médica tem sido apontada como um fator essencial para a qualidade assistencial, o bemestar dos doentes e a estabilidade dos sistemas de saúde. Estudos recentes têm vindo a enfatizar um crescente descontentamento dos médicos, principalmente como consequência das alterações das relações laborais.Objetivos: Avaliar a perceção dos médicos de formação específica em Portugal, sobre as expectativas e grau de satisfação com a profissão, especialidade e local de formação; razões da insatisfação e intenção de emigrar.Material e Métodos: Estudo transversal. A colheita de dados foi efetuada entre Maio e Agosto de 2014 através de um Inquérito online sobre a âÄúSatisfação com a EspecialidadeâÄù.Resultados: De uma população total de 5788 médicos, foram obtidas 804 respostas (12,25% do total de médicos internos). Desta amostra, 77% das respostas correspondem a internos dos três primeiros anos de formação. Verificou-se que 90% dos médicos se encontram satisfeitos com a especialidade, tendo-se encontrado também níveis elevados de satisfação com a profissão (85%) e local de formação (86%). Por outro lado, constatou-se que estes diminuíam com a progressão ao longo dos anos de internato. A avaliação global sobre o panorama da prática médica foi negativa e 65% dos médicos responderam que consideram emigrar após conclusão do internato.Conclusão: Os médicos internos em Portugal apresentam níveis positivos de satisfação com a sua profissão. No entanto, a sua opinião sobre o panorama da Medicina e os resultados relativos à intenção de emigrar alertam para a necessidade de tomada de medidas para inverter este cenário.

  8. Continuing Vocational Training in Local Government in Portugal, 2000-05--What Has Changed?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cabrito, Belmiro Gil; Simao, Ana Margarida Veiga; Alves, Mariana Gaio; Almeida, Antonio

    2009-01-01

    Local government in Portugal had a good opportunity to modernise through the Programa de Formacao para as Autarquias Locais (Foral) [Training programme for local authorities], implemented between 2000 and 2005. Substantial financial resources were made available through the programme to retrain local government human resources in order to improve…

  9. O cineturismo: o caso de Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Carvalho,Susan Belinda

    2013-01-01

    The following dissertation discusses the topic of film-induced tourism in Portugal from the perspective of the Portuguese destination marketing organisations. As research concerning film tourism in Portugal was unavailable due to the novelty of the topic, primary research was developed through online survey questionnaires, case studies and interviews. The primary research conducted found that Portugal has all the necessary resources and attributes required to develop film tourism; however DMO...

  10. La contabilidad pública en Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Alberto Pedrosa, Fernanda

    2014-01-01

    LA CONTABILIDAD PÚBLICA EN PORTUGAL - Que se entiende por Sector Público - Arquitectura del Sector Público en Portugal. - Evolución de la Contabilidad del Sector Público en Portugal. - El Plan Oficial de Contabilidad Pública (POCP) y Planes de Contabilidad sectoriales. - Las normas de consolidación de cuentas en el Sector Público. - Y hoy, ¿cuál es el punto de la situación?

  11. Gestão de doenças crónicas : contributo para a gestão da doença de Parkinson em Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Fonseca, Gabriela Antónia Pinheiro

    2013-01-01

    Dissertação submetida como requisito parcial para obtenção do grau de Mestre em Gestão de Serviços de Saúde / Códigos Jel: I12 - Produção de Saúde I15 - Saúde e Desenvolvimento Económico As doenças crónicas tornaram-se num desafio para a sociedade do século XXI, devido ao seu aumento, ao aumento do número de portadores destas doenças, ao aumento dos custos diretos e indiretos para os doentes, famílias, sociedade e também devido às alterações demográficas que estas acarretam. ...

  12. Improving Greenhouse Heating in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Meneses, J.F.; Baptista, Fátima

    2011-01-01

    Although several new solutions for greenhouse heating and environmental control are being investigated all over the world; to reduce energy consumption and environmental impacts, to increase the efficiency of energy use for plant production in protected cultivation or to take advantage of the new renewable energy sources, in Portugal the great majority of producers still rely on more conventional heating systems for an economical year round production of vegetables and flowers....

  13. Young audiences and fans of celebrities in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Jorge, Ana

    2011-01-01

    Neste artigo, exploramos a complexa relação dos jovens com a cultura das celebridades em Portugal. Argumentamos que a celebridade como objecto e os jovens como audiências nos obrigam a olhar para além dos fãs e a explorar posições de audiência mais tangenciais assumidas pelos jovens, sublinhando a contestação do significado e valor culturais da celebridade na cultura juvenil. As atitudes e opiniões dos jovens em relação à cultura nacional e global das celebridades reflectem o seu consumo de m...

  14. Ecologismo radical em Portugal? A "Animal" e a "Quercus"

    OpenAIRE

    Pereira, Sara Cristina Queijinho

    2011-01-01

    Dissertação de Mestrado em Ciência Política A presente investigação tem como tema de fundo uma ideologia que se afirmou recentemente: o ecologismo radical (anos 60, 70). Será que existem organizações com esse perfil em Portugal? Fruto de um sentimento de crise generalizado, o ecologismo radical levanta a consciência pública para os perigos que pode implicar o sistema económico dominante vigente. Os ecologistas radicais defendem que o capitalismo desenfreado e o industrialism...

  15. O papel do crowdfunding no desenvolvimento de projetos inovadores em Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Medeiros, Juliana de Oliveira

    2015-01-01

    Mestrado em Economia Monetária e Financeira / JEL code: G29; O31 O objetivo deste trabalho é analisar qual o papel do crowdfunding no desenvolvimento de projetos inovadores em Portugal. Para tal, foi realizada uma sistematização de contribuições bibliográficas recentes sobre o conceito de crowdfunding ou financiamento colaborativo e elaborada uma pesquisa empírica sobre a caracterização do fenómeno em Portugal, nomeadamente sobre a identificação e funcionamento das plataformas, a regulamen...

  16. O movimento vegan em Portugal: significados e justificações

    OpenAIRE

    Barros, Maria Alexandra Ramires

    2013-01-01

    Mestrado em Sociologia Esta investigação consiste na realização de um estudo exploratório sobre algumas dimensões do fenómeno social – o veganismo. O que se pretende com este estudo é analisar o veganismo em Portugal enquanto movimento social. Neste sentido, por um lado, descrevemos os principais momentos históricos do movimento vegan em Portugal, nomeadamente, a sua origem e principais influências ideológico filosóficas, institucionalização e a sua contribuição para a recon...

  17. História dos ralis em Portugal : projeto de edição

    OpenAIRE

    Silva, António José Henriques Carinha Rodrigues da

    2015-01-01

    O desporto automóvel, e particularmente os ralis, tem milhares de seguidores em Portugal. Apesar de existirem algumas obras que relatam com rigor a história do automobilismo desportivo em Portugal, nenhuma consagrou por inteiro o seu espaço às provas de estrada que, há mais de 100 anos, fascinam multidões. O projeto para a edição de uma obra consagrada aos ralis sustenta a sua viabilidade no interesse que a mesma possa despertar tanto em adeptos, como em parceiros de diferente natureza que...

  18. A incineração de resíduos em Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Xará, Susana

    2009-01-01

    Esta comunicação tem como objectivo apresentar a situação da incineração de resíduos em Portugal. Serão abordados os diferentes tipos de resíduos que, em Portugal, são sujeitos a este processo de tratamento - urbanos, industriais, hospitalares e florestais e, para cada tipologia, é inicialmente apresentada a situação em termos de produção e destino final e de seguida a identificação das unidades de incineração em funcionamento no país.

  19. Gender disparities in health and healthcare: results from the Portuguese National Health Interview Survey Disparidades de gênero na saúde e nos cuidados de saúde: resultados para Portugal com base no Inquérito Nacional de Saúde

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julian Perelman

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Although women experience poorer health conditions during their lives, they live longer than men. The main explanations for this paradox suggest that women's excess of ill-health is limited to minor illnesses and their different attitudes toward health. The authors test these assumptions by investigating disparities between men and women in health and healthcare in Portugal. Data are used from the Portuguese National Health Interview Survey 2005/2006 (N = 33,662. Multivariate regressions showed that women were more likely to report worse self-rated health, more days with disability, higher prevalence of hypertension, chronic pain, cancer, anxiety and depression, and more medical consultations. Heart disease was significantly more prevalent among men, possibly explaining part of the paradox. Women's more frequent use of medical consultations may reflect their heightened awareness of health problems, which may protect them against early death. Gender differences in socioeconomic status explain part of the differences in health, but fail to provide a complete understanding.Embora tenham pior saúde ao longo da vida, as mulheres vivem mais anos do que os homens. As principais explicações para este paradoxo são que as mulheres sofrem mais de doenças menores, e adotam atitudes diferentes em relação à saúde. Testamos essas hipóteses pela investigação de disparidades entre homens e mulheres na saúde e nos cuidados de saúde em Portugal. Os dados usados são do Inquérito Nacional de Saúde 2005/2006 (N = 33.662. Regressões multivariadas mostram que as mulheres declaram pior estado de saúde autoavaliado, maior número de dias de incapacidade, maior prevalência de hipertensão, dor crônica, cancro, ansiedade e depressão, e maior utilização de consultas. A doença cardíaca é significativamente mais prevalente nos homens, o que pode explicar em parte o paradoxo. A maior utilização de consultas nas mulheres pode refletir a sua maior

  20. Efectos de la normalización contable internacional en españa y Portugal para un sector económico estratégico Effects of international accounting standard setting in spain and Portugal for a strategic economic sector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Esther Falcón Pérez

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available La estrategia armonizadora de la Unión Europea, con la adopción de las Normas Internacionales de Información Financiera del IASB, supone un reto para las empresas constructoras españolas y portuguesas. Ambos países cuentan con una regulación contable específica para el sector de la construcción, que va a verse afectada por las normas internacionales. En este trabajo se analizan diversas cuestiones en torno a la representación y valoración contable del resultado obtenido por las empresas constructoras hispano-lusas en el desarrollo de sus actividades, a fin de dar respuesta a las problemáticas suscitadas por la armonización contable internacional.The present on going process in the European Union, with a strategy towards the adoption of International Financial Reporting Standards from IASB, creates a challenge for Spanish and Portuguese construction enterprises. Standards setters from both countries have issued specific accounting regulations for construction enterprises, which will be affected by the International Financial Reporting Standards. The aim of this paper is to analyze several questions regarding the measurement and disclosure of earnings by Spanish and Portuguese construction enterprises, in order to face the issues raised by the international accounting standards.

  1. Alinhamentos de governação e a situação de sem-abrigo em Portugal: Perigos e insuficiências da orientação para/pelo mercado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sónia Mairos Ferreira

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available No presente artigo analisam-se, criticamente, as implicações da implementação de um estilo governativo orientado pelo e para o mercado, e de matriz reflexiva, no que respeita à problemática da situação de sem-abrigo. Para este efeito exploram-se, num primeiro momento, as componentes chave deste alinhamento na UE, apontando-se as suas intencionalidades e efeitos (indiretos, particularmente no que concerne as políticas e práticas de conceitualização e intervenção neste domínio. O ponto seguinte é devotado à reflexão crítica sobre as especificidades do caso Português, elencando-se as prioridades manifestas e apontando, com base em referentes ilustrativos múltiplos, as incongruências e insuficiências de maior relevo.

  2. Portugal to Accede to ESO

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-06-01

    The Republic of Portugal will become the ninth member state of the European Southern Observatory (ESO) [1]. Today, during a ceremony at the ESO Headquarters in Garching (Germany), a corresponding Agreement was signed by the Portuguese Minister of Science and Technology, José Mariano Gago and the ESO Director General, Catherine Cesarsky , in the presence of other high officials from Portugal and the ESO member states (see Video Clip 05/00 below). Following subsequent ratification by the Portuguese Parliament of the ESO Convention and the associated protocols [2], it is foreseen that Portugal will formally join this organisation on January 1, 2001. Uniting European Astronomy ESO PR Photo 16/00 ESO PR Photo 16/00 [Preview - JPEG: 400 x 405 pix - 160k] [Normal - JPEG: 800 x 809 pix - 408k] Caption : Signing of the Portugal-ESO Agreement on June 27, 2000, at the ESO Headquarters in Garching (Germany). At the table, the ESO Director General, Catherine Cesarsky , and the Portuguese Minister of Science and Technology, José Mariano Gago . In his speech, the Portuguese Minister of Science and Technology, José Mariano Gago , stated that "the accession of Portugal to ESO is the result of a joint effort by ESO and Portugal during the last ten years. It was made possible by the rapid Portuguese scientific development and by the growth and internationalisation of its scientific community." He continued: "Portugal is fully committed to European scientific and technological development. We will devote our best efforts to the success of ESO". Catherine Cesarsky , ESO Director General since 1999, warmly welcomed the Portuguese intention to join ESO. "With the accession of their country to ESO, Portuguese astronomers will have great opportunities for working on research programmes at the frontiers of modern astrophysics." "This is indeed a good time to join ESO", she added. "The four 8.2-m VLT Unit Telescopes with their many first-class instruments are nearly ready, and the VLT

  3. Child Labour and Educational Success in Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goulart, Pedro; Bedi, Arjun S.

    2008-01-01

    The current debate on child labour focuses on developing countries. However, Portugal is an example of a relatively developed country where child labour is still a matter of concern as between 8% and 12% of Portuguese children may be classified as workers. This paper studies the patterns of child labour in Portugal and assesses the consequences of…

  4. The cavernicolous Oniscidea (Crustacea: Isopoda) of Portugal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    P. S. Reboleira, Ana Sofia; Gonçalves, Fernando J.; Oromí, Pedro;

    2015-01-01

    The study of subterranean Oniscidea in Portugal has been neglected for nearly 70 years, but recent investigations have revealed high diversity. All the terrestrial isopods known from caves of mainland Portugal, including data from the literature and new material, are listed, revealing new biodive...

  5. Maculinea alcon exploits Myrmica aloba in Portugal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Arnaldo, P.S.; Wynhoff, I.; Soares, P.;

    2011-01-01

    Larvae of the obligate myrmecophilous social parasite Maculinea alcon (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) were found exclusively using Myrmica aloba (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) ant hosts in NE-Portugal. This is the first record of the host ant usage of any Maculinea species in Portugal, and of any Maculinea...

  6. Introducción de las artes marciales asiáticas en Portugal = The introduction of asian martial arts in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Gutiérrez García

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available El presente estudio analiza la introducción del jujutsu en Portugal, sucedida a principios del siglo XX. Para su realización se ha consultado fundamentalmente prensa histórica portuguesa, tanto general como específica del ámbito deportivo. Los resultados obtenidos muestran que la introducción del jujutsu en Portugal se produjo fundamentalmente a través del mundo del espectáculo, mediante actuaciones de expertos japoneses. Las notables diferencias técnicas y corporales entre estos luchadores japoneses y los luchadores profesionales de lucha libre y grecorromana de la época, a los que habitualmente solían derrotar, contribuyeron a generar un potente imaginario de las artes de combate orientales como sistemas superiores de cultura física y defensa personal. No obstante, a pesar del éxito del jujutsu este no logró afianzarse sólidamente en Portugal, desapareciendo progresivamente de la escena pública desde principios de la segunda década del siglo XX.-------------------------------------------------------------------------------The present study analyzes the introduction of jujutsu in Portugal at the beginning of the 20th century. Mainly, historical Portuguese newspapers were reviewed, both general and specific from sports field. Results show that the introduction of jujutsu in Portugal was principally conduced via the show business through exhibitions performed by Japanese experts. Significant technical and physical differences between the Japanese fighters and the professional Freestyle and Greco-roman fighters, who were usually defeated by the former, contributed to create a powerful imaginary of the eastern fighting arts as superior systems of physical culture and self-defence. However, in spite of jujutsu’s success, it did not come to be strongly established in Portugal, vanishing progressively off the public scene since the beginning of the 1910s.

  7. Geology and religion in Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carneiro, Ana; Simoes, Ana; Diogo, Maria Paula; Mota, Teresa Salomé

    2013-01-01

    This paper addresses the relationship between geology and religion in Portugal by focusing on three case studies of naturalists who produced original research and lived in different historical periods, from the eighteenth to the twentieth century. Whereas in non-peripheral European countries religious themes and even controversies between science and religion were dealt with by scientists and discussed in scientific communities, in Portugal the absence of a debate between science and religion within scientific and intellectual circles is particularly striking. From the historiographic point of view, in a country such as Portugal, where Roman Catholicism is part of the religious and cultural tradition, the influence of religion in all aspects of life has been either taken for granted by those less familiar with the national context or dismissed by local intellectuals, who do not see it as relevant to science. The situation is more complex than these dichotomies, rendering the study of this question particularly appealing from the historiographic point of view, geology being by its very nature a well-suited point from which to approach the theme. We argue that there is a long tradition of independence between science and religion, agnosticism and even atheism among local elites. Especially from the eighteenth century onwards, they are usually portrayed as enlightened minds who struggled against religious and political obscurantism. Religion—or, to be more precise, the Roman Catholic Church and its institutions—was usually identified with backwardness, whereas science was seen as the path to progress; consequently men of science usually dissociated their scientific production from religious belief.

  8. Padrões de casamento dos imigrantes brasileiros residentes em Portugal Patrones de matrimonio de los inmigrantes brasileños residentes en Portugal Marriage patterns of Brazilian immigrants living in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Cristina Ferreira

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Ao longo das últimas décadas, o número de estrangeiros residentes em Portugal aumentou de forma expressiva. Neste contexto, a comunidade brasileira assumiu uma importância cada vez maior, sendo em 2009 a nacionalidade mais representada, com uma participação de 25% no total de residentes estrangeiros em Portugal. Esta evolução tem, como seria de se esperar, reflexos a outros níveis, em particular no contexto do casamento. Contrariando a tendência decrescente observada para o total de casamentos ocorridos entre 2001 e 2009, aqueles em que pelo menos um dos cônjuges nasceu no Brasil quase quadruplicaram nesse período. Para muitos autores, os casamentos mistos são um bom indicador da integração das comunidades imigrantes na sociedade de acolhimento. Assim, dada a importância da comunidade brasileira residente em Portugal, é relevante observar qual o peso dos casamentos mistos nesta comunidade e analisar seus padrões de matrimônio. A análise estatística dos microdados dos casamentos disponibilizados pelo Instituto Nacional de Estatística possibilitou estudar e caraterizar a evolução dos casamentos registrados em Portugal, entre 2001 e 2009, envolvendo brasileiros residentes em Portugal. Ficou patente a existência de um elevado nível de casamentos mistos, em especial com portugueses, neste período, o que indicia sua integração na comunidade de acolhimento. Verificaram-se igualmente algumas diferenças nos padrões de matrimônio entre os sexos, bem como uma tendência para a diminuição da importância dos casamentos mistos, em especial entre os homens.A lo largo de las últimas décadas, el número de extranjeros residentes en Portugal aumentó de forma expresiva. En este contexto, la comunidad brasileña asumió una importancia cada vez mayor, siendo en 2009 la nacionalidad más representativa, con una cuota de residentes del 25% en el total de población extranjera en Portugal. Esta evolución tiene, como cabr

  9. Adaptação dos inventários de sexismo moderno para Portugal: o inventário de sexismo ambivalente e o inventário de ambivalência em relação aos homens

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Alexandre Costa

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available A relação entre homens e mulheres é única e composta por desigualdade e preconceito dirigido aos membros do sexo oposto. Enquanto a forma hostil de sexismo foi já muito estudada, o sexismo moderno é caracterizado pela simultaneidade de formas hostis e benevolentes de preconceito, e por isso conceitualizado como Sexismo Ambivalente. O objetivo deste estudo foi adaptar o Inventário de Sexismo Ambivalente (ASI e o Inventário de Ambivalência em relação aos Homens (AMI para a população Portuguesa, e avaliar as suas propriedades psicométricas. Ambos os inventários foram administrados a 258 estudantes universitários (31% homens e 69% mulheres, com uma média de idade de 27 anos. As análises fatoriais confirmatórias revelaram evidência da multidimensionalidade de ambos os inventários, validade fatorial, convergente e discriminante, e fiabilidade interna. Os homens revelaram níveis mais elevados de hostilidade e de benevolência dirigido às mulheres, as mulheres revelaram maiores níveis de hostilidade dirigida aos homens. A hostilidade em relação aos homens aumentou com a idade, enquanto a benevolência diminuiu. O preconceito hostil e benevolente foi maior em pessoas com menos anos de escolaridade. Religiosidade correlacionou significativamente com os índices de sexismo benevolente. Foi assim demonstrada a validade e confiabilidade da adaptação dos Inventários de Sexismo Moderno em Portugal.

  10. Educação para a cidadania na escola básica em Portugal: da reforma de 1986à reorganização curricular de 2001

    OpenAIRE

    Freire-Ribeiro, Ilda

    2009-01-01

    A preocupação com a educação tem sido uma constante ao longo de toda a história educativa. Os responsáveis pela governação sempre tiveram bem presente a importância da educação para um povo e muitas foram as deliberações políticas em torno da missão educativa. As orientações nem sempre foram iguais, modificando-se e ajustando-se consoante os períodos vividos e as ideologias governativas de cada época. Com o passar do tempo, a vida política, social e educativa, sofreu alterações. Abriram-se ho...

  11. Contributos do design de comunicação para a construção da identidade de um espaço. Exemplos contemporâneos em Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Almeida, Afonso Henriques Cordeiro Carvalho de

    2010-01-01

    Tese de Mestrado em Design de Comunicação n 500 Resumo: Esta dissertação tem como principal objectivo entender como o designer de Comunicação pode contribuir para a construção da identidade de um espaço. A cidade é um sistema complexo de conexões entre espaços, indivíduos, entidades, objectos e edifícios onde o designer pode intervir. Estas intervenções não necessitam obrigatoriamente de comunicar informação funcional, de rápida e fácil interpretação, mas podem ser expressivas e ...

  12. Transnational citizenship: Latin Americans in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beatriz Padilla

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This article is a reflection upon the exercising of transnational citizenship as a consequence of international migration, applied to Latin Americans resident in Portugal. In order to do this we have adopted the concept of transnational citizenship, as its malleability allows us to consider the whole concept of countries of origin and destination and the influence of bilateral and international relations. We ask how transnational citizenship is exercised in the European Union, Ibero-American and, particularly, Portuguese spaces, and whether it is affected by the economic crisis in Europe and, in particular, Portugal, by analysing the cases of Argentines, Brazilians and Uruguayans living in Portugal.

  13. [Carbon monoxide intoxications in Portugal].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sá, Márcia Christel; Rodrigues, Rui Paulo; Moura, Daniel

    2011-01-01

    The prevalence of carbon monoxide intoxication in the World shows that this is a common situation. In Portugal, there are no concrete data available in literature and its incidence remains unknown. Currently, the use of hyperbaric oxygen is a valid therapeutic for carbon monoxide poisoning management. However, its effectiveness and its proper handling are still controversial. The first aim of this study was to estimate the incidence of carbon monoxide intoxication in Portugal and to analyze its demographic characteristics. The second objective of this work was to evaluate the possible change in the type of treatment applied in areas near de hyperbaric chamber of Unidade Local de Saúde de Matosinhos, since its opening in June 2006. To achieve these objectives, we conducted a survey on admissions data for carbon monoxide intoxication occured between January first, 2000 and December 31, 2007. These data was collected in seven hospitals and in the Administração Central do Sistema de Saúde, I.P. Nationally, 621 hospitalizations were recorded, which represents an incidence of 5,86/100000 in 8 years. In the seven hospitals, there were 93 hospitalizations due to carbon monoxide intoxication during the same period of time. There was a peak of incidence during winter, between November and March and there was a similar distribution in men (47,3%) and women (52,7%). Since June 2006, date of opening of the hyperbaric chamber, the Unidade Local de Saúde de Matosinhos, E.P.E. recorded a sharp increase in the number of hospitalization for carbon monoxide intoxication. The number of admissions in the 19 months after the chamber opening was double the number of all cases occurred in that institution in the 65 months prior. We concluded that, in Portugal, carbon monoxide intoxication is an uncommon situation but it´s still an important cause of hospitalization. The referral of cases to the Unidade Local de Saúde de Matosinhos, E.P.E. since the opening of hyperbaric chamber

  14. Wind power costs in Portugal

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Saleiro, C. [Univ. of Minho, Dept. of Biological Engineering (Portugal); Araujo, M.; Ferreira, P. [Univ. of Minho, Dept. of Production and Systems (Portugal)

    2007-05-15

    In a way to reduce the external energy dependence, increasing also the investments in renewable energy sources and aiming for the concretization of the European renewable objectives, the Portuguese government defined a goal of 5100 MW of installed wind power, up to 2012. If the drawn objectives are accomplished, by 2010 the wind power share may reach values comparable to leading countries like Denmark, Germany or Spain. The Portuguese forecasts also indicate a reinforcement of the natural gas fired generation in particular through the use of the combined cycle technology, following the European tendency. This analysis sets out to evaluate the total generating cost of wind power and CCGT in Portugal. A life cycle cost analysis was conducted, including investment costs, O and M costs, fuel costs and external costs of emissions, for each type of technology. For the evaluation of the externalities ExternE values were used. The results show that presently the wind power production cost is higher than the CCGT one, at least from the strictly financial point of view. CCGT costs increase significantly when charges for externalities are included. However, they only reach levels higher than the equivalents for wind power for high externality costs estimations. This partially results from the low load factor of the wind farms in Portugal and also from the low emission levels of the gas fired technology used in the comparison. A sensitive analysis of the technical and economical parameters was also conducted. Particular attention was given to the natural gas prices due to the possible increase over time. The fuel escalation rate is the parameter that has larger effects on the final costs. It was verified that the total cost of wind plant is more influenced by the load factor than the total cost of CCGT. (au)

  15. Cibermedios de proximidad en España y Portugal en las redes sociales: vías para estrechar vínculos en comunidades locales 

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    X López García

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available La evolución del nuevo ecosistema mediático durante los últimos diez años muestra una explosión de cibermedios de proximidad, tanto nativos digitales como matriciales. El objetivo de este artículo es analizar las características de las nuevas formas de establecer vínculos y asentarse de los cibermedios de proximidad, prestando atención a la diferencia entre los nativos digitales y los matriciales. El análisis incluye vías de participación de los ciudadanos en el producto, estrategias en las redes sociales e índices de seguimiento, e iniciativas socioculturales con asociaciones o entidades de la comunidad. El procedimiento seguido es el estudio de caso y análisis de contenido de tres medios nativos digitales españoles que sobresalen como nuevas fórmulas de ciberperiodismo de proximidad (somosmalasaña.com, granadaimedia.com y elporvenirclm.com y uno portugués (setubalnarede.com. También hemos realizado un repaso de los medios locales del grupo portugués Adriano Lucas, uno de los referentes en el país vecino y con más influencia por difusión en el sector del ciberperiodismo de proximidad. Este estudio revelará cómo son pocos los casos de medios que aprovechan las potencialidades del contexto de la web 2.0 para dinamizar sus comunidades digitales y propiciar o gestionar el feedback aportado por sus usuarios/lectores.

  16. Pension Systems in Europe. Case of Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jarosław Poteraj

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available The article presents an insight into the old age pension system in Portugal. The author’s goal was to present both past and present solutions employed by the Portuguese’s pension system, in search for ideas worth consideration in international comparisons. In the summary, the author highlights as a particular Portuguese approach, on the background of other countries, the fact of using in Portugal definite part of VAT income for pension system financing.

  17. Overview on transportation infrastructure research in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Silva, Hugo Manuel Ribeiro Dias da

    2003-01-01

    The road infrastructures in Portugal have a great importance in the general transportation system, and the investments made in the last decades in the Portuguese road network resulted in road infrastructures of very good quality, classified by OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development) in the best places between the OECD countries. Concomitantly, the number of road accidents in Portugal deeply decreased into values only observed a few decades ago, when the traffi...

  18. Care transition and network activation in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Santana, Silvina; M. Viana

    2012-01-01

    Purpose To report on the use of a user-centred model and methodology to assess the quality of care transition and network activation action, in light of an ongoing home supported discharge procedure for stroke patients in Portugal. Theory In Portugal, the health care system presents weaknesses resulting from a remarkable diversity of entry points, inadequate use of scarce and expensive resources and difficult information flow between institutions and professionals. The social care network is ...

  19. CPAFFC Delegation Visits Italy and Portugal

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    <正>At the invitation of the Italian Union of Provinces (Unione delle Province d’Italia—UPI) and the League of Portugal-China Lasting Friendship (LPCLF),the Chinese People’s Friendship Delegation led by Chen Haosu,president of the CPAFFC,and Shi Zuofeng,vice chairman of the Standing Committee of the Gansu Provincial People’s Congress,paid friendly visits to Italy and Portugal from June 15 to 24.

  20. The Socioeconomic determinants of economic inequality. Evidence from Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Budría, Santiago

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available This article uses data from the 1994-2001 waves of the European Union Household Panel to investigate the socioeconomic determinants of economic inequality. the paper focuses on Portugal, a country with the largest inequality levels among EU countries, to report relevant facts on the distributions of income, labour earnings, and capital income. the paper shows how these distributions are related to family characteristics such as age, education, marital status and employment status. a generalized ordered Probit model is used to investigate how and to what extent the households’ socioeconomic attributes determine their economic status and their mobility along the distributions. the article concludes that education is by and large the dimension more closely related to inequality.

    Este artículo utiliza el Panel de Hogares de la Unión Europea (1994-2001 para investigar cuáles son los determinantes socioeconómicos de la desigualdad. el artículo se centra en Portugal, el país de la Unión Europea con mayores niveles de desigualdad, para documentar hechos relevantes sobre las distribuciones de la renta, salarios y rentas de capital. se muestra cómo estas distribuciones están relacionadas con características familiares tales como edad, educación, estado civil y estado laboral. Por último, se emplea un modelo Probit ordenado generalizado para investigar cómo y en qué medida las diferentes características socio-económicas de las familias determinan su estatus económico y su movilidad a lo largo de las distribuciones. el artículo concluye que la educación es, con diferencia, la dimensión socioeconómica más determinante en relación con la desigualdad.

  1. The Mousterian complex in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Luís CARDOSO

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: Considering the available data, the Mousterian period is the only techno-complex from the Middle Paleolithic identified and characterized in Portugal. However, some of the sites referred in this work should be simply attributed to the Middle Paleolithic due to the lack of detailed elements. The site of Vale do Forno 8 probably represents the transition between the final Upper Paleolithic and the early Middle Paleolithic.The open-air sites such as the ones in the outskirts of Lisbon and on the left margin of the Tagus estuary, where vestiges are extremely abundant and the permanence for long periods correspond to sites of residential character.None of these sites were subject to extensive excavations in order to confirm this type of settlement and further knowledge of the social organization of the inhabited spaces. Other open-air sites located in fluvial terraces present smaller areas of occupation and were probably related to game activities, maybe seasonal in nature. This was the case of Santo Antão do Tojal, were elephants and horses were eventually captured, of Foz do Enxarrique were red deer was almost exclusive and of Vilas Ruivas, were faunal remains were not preserved but remains of wind-breaks or hunting blind structures were found associated with fireplaces and post-holes. Fireplaces were also found in Gruta da Buraca Escura and on the open-air site of Santa Cita.Caves such as Gruta da Oliveira and the Gruta Nova da Columbeira show long stratigraphic sequences and prolonged settlements, of residential type, though a few other caves also show temporary settlements related to game activities or the exploitation of geological resources. In most cases, there is an alternance of the cave occupation by humans and large carnivores. Food subsistence of humans was non-specialized, capturing large, mid and also small preys such as the rabbit, an abundant endemic species. The terrestrial turtle was also captured, especially in Gruta

  2. Salud y Seguridad del Trabajo en Portugal: apuntes diversos Some annotations about Occupational Health and Safety in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    António de Sousa Uva

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available El autor aborda algunos aspectos relativos a la Salud y Seguridad del Trabajo (SST en Portugal llamando la atención para, esencialmente, intentar sostener la tesis de que, desde mediados de la década de los 90, se observaron importantes avances en la mejoría de las condiciones del trabajo en la perspectiva de la SST, aunque se mantuvieron algunos problemas en la práctica concreta de las normativas legales. Incluso con estas mejoras, las tasas de frecuencia de accidentes de trabajo y de enfermedades profesionales en Portugal todavía se mantienen muy elevadas necesitando, por tanto, estrategias más "agresivas" para concienciar la sociedad portuguesa en torno a las políticas públicas de SST efectivamente promotoras de prevención de riesgos profesionales y de la promoción de la salud de quien trabaja. Es por tanto indispensable que la protección de la salud y de la seguridad de los trabajadores en los puestos de trabajo sea encarada como un conjunto de actividades de indiscutible utilidad para todos los representantes del mundo del trabajo e que la agenda política pase a valorizar, aún más, la promoción de espacios de trabajo saludables y seguros, con la consecuente valorización de las variables individuales en la estrategia nacional de salud y seguridad.In the present work, the author analyzes several aspects of Occupational Health and Safety (OHS in Portugal. He provides evidence sustaining the assumption of an important progress, since the mid-nineties, in the improvement of the working conditions from an OHS perspective. Nevertheless, several problems still remain in the practical application of legal regulations. In addition, despite of these improvements, the frequency rates of working accidents and occupational diseases remain very high. Hence, more "aggressive" strategies are required to increase the awareness of the Portuguese society relative to the OHS public policies, whose effectiveness has been demonstrated either in

  3. A manobra político-diplomática de Portugal na África Austral (1951-1974)

    OpenAIRE

    Barroso, Luís Fernando Machado

    2012-01-01

    Tese de doutoramento em História, Defesa e Relações Internacionais Entre 1961 e 1974, Portugal combateu uma longa guerra em Angola, Moçambique e na Guiné, indo buscar ao sistema internacional importantes apoios para o seu esforço de guerra. Importantes trabalhos foram publicados neste âmbito, em especial no que respeita às relações político-diplomáticas de Portugal com os EUA, Grã-Bretanha, França e Alemanha. Porém, faltava ainda determinar até que ponto a guerra em Angola e em...

  4. Nurses in advanced roles: a review of acceptability in Portugal Las enfermeras de competencias avanzadas: una revisión de aceptación en Portugal Enfermeiros em funções avançadas: uma análise da aceitação em Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James Buchan

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: This paper focuses on the policy context for the deployment of nurses in advanced roles, with particular reference to Portugal. The health sector in Portugal, as in all countries, is labour intensive, and the scope to utilise nurses in more advanced roles is currently being debated. METHODS: Mixed methods were used: an analysis of international data on the nursing workforce; an analysis of documents and media articles; interviews with key-informants; an online survey of managers, and a technical workshop with key-informants. CONCLUSIONS: The limited evidence base on nurses in advanced roles in Portugal is a constraint on progress, but it is not an excuse for inaction. Further research in Portugal on health professionals in innovative roles would assist in informing policy direction. There is the need to move forward with a fully informed policy dialogue, taking account of the current political, economic and health service realities of Portugal.OBJETIVO: Este estudio se focaliza en el contexto político del desarrollo de competencias avanzadas de enfermería, con énfasis en el caso portugués. El sector de la salud en Portugal, como en todos los países, es intensivo en mano de obra, y la posibilidad de utilizar enfermeros en funciones más avanzadas está actualmente en debate. MÉTODOS: Fue utilizado una aproximación mixta: análisis de datos internacionales sobre la fuerza de trabajo de enfermería; análisis de documentos y noticias; entrevistas con informadores clave; un cuestionario online y una oficina técnica con informadores clave. CONCLUSIONES: La limitada base de evidencia sobre la extensión de competencias de los enfermeros en Portugal es un obstáculo para el progreso pero no es una excusa para la inacción. Investigación adicional sobre profesionales de la salud en papeles innovadores podría ayudar a informar y direccionar la decisión política. Es necesario avanzar con un diálogo político plenamente informado

  5. Alimentos e alimentação no Portugal Quinhentista

    OpenAIRE

    Fernandes, Isabel Maria

    2002-01-01

    Neste texto traça-se uma panorâmica sobre os alimentos e alimentação no Portugal Quinhentista, mas sem referência à doçaria. Analisa-se o território e o seu uso para fins alimentares e qual a base da alimentação no séc. XVI: cereais e seus derivados: farinha e pão; carne de criação, de caça e seus derivados; peixe e marisco; vegetais (legumes e leguminosas); cheiros; adubos e condimentos; temperos e fruta. Existe um capítulo dedicado aos fazedores e vendedores: da matéria-prima ao consumo, pa...

  6. Web marketing nas empresas de turismo em Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Corfu, Adriana Camelia

    2002-01-01

    O presente trabalho propõe-se analisar as práticas de “Web Marketing” desenvolvidas por duas empresas de turismo em Portugal. Embora as novas técnicas de marketing constituem já uma realidade nas empresas estudadas, principalmente a nível da inclusão da plataforma Web para a divulgação e reserva de produtos/serviços turísticos, barreiras significativas existem, tanto de ordem estratégica, como tecnológica, especialmente nas áreas de recolha e análise de dados. Contudo a dimensão que o fenómen...

  7. A arte op na arte pública em Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Sousa, Pedro Miguel Alegria Lobo Pereira de

    2008-01-01

    Esta investigação aborda o fenómeno da op art na arte pública em Portugal, para dar conta do seu alcance, depois de o situar histórica e artisticamente, e em particular através das obras do pintor e fotógrafo Eduardo Néry e do arquitecto Artur Rosa. Na I parte situam-se as origens da Op Art e o panorama internacional: Op Art é o nome reduzido de \\201COptical Art\\201D, que ficou definido numa conversa de G. Rickey com dois curadores do MoMA. O termo óptico refere-se a ilusões ópticas, sendo um...

  8. ANÁLISE DA PAISAGEM ALENTEJANA – PORTUGAL

    OpenAIRE

    Pereira, Marízia

    2014-01-01

    Analisa-se a biogeografia de Portugal com destaque para as regiões (eurosiberiana e mediterrânica), as províncias e as subprovíncias (Cantábro-Atlântica, Carpetano-Leonesa, Luso-Extremadurense, Sadense Divisório-Portuguesa e Gaditano-Algarviense). Faz-se referência a diferentes metodologias de análise de vegetação com vocabulário e conceitos próprios. Apresenta-se com detalhe o método fitossociológico de Braun-Blanquet ou clássico sigmatista, aplicado na análise da vegetação natural alente...

  9. Estudo de dois mapas do geógrafo Robert de Vaugondy relativos ao Reino de Portugal do Século XVIII (1751

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Pais Neves dos Santos

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Analisamos dois mapas alusivos ao reino de Portugal, datados de 1751, publicados em Paris e assinados pelo geógrafo Robert de Vaugondy, a saber: Partie Septentrionale du Royaume de Portugal, par le Sr. Robert, Geographe ordinaire du Roy. Avec Privilege. 1751. e Partie Meridionale du Royaume de Portugal, par le Sr. Robert, Geographe ordinaire du Roy. Avec Privilege. 1751., com o objetivo de propor uma explicação para as divisões administrativas cartografadas. Como suporte ao objeto do trabalho, caracterizamos de forma concisa a evolução dos limites administrativos do reino de Portugal, desde a sua formação até a atualidade, e abordamos a vida e obra de Robert de Vaugondy. Concluímos ser o mais consentâneo com a lógica representarem divisões eclesiásticas.

  10. Análise da transferência de tecnologia espacial em Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Mota, Francisco Pedro Lopes Leitão

    2013-01-01

    Mestrado em Ciências Empresariais O crescimento da economia portuguesa é um tema abordado na sociedade como uma necessidade extrema para superar as actuais dificuldades sócio-económicas. A criação de emprego, o aumento da competitividade das empresas portuguesas, a inovação tecnológica e o aumento das exportações são os desafios que se colocam. A participação de Portugal na ESA tem sido reconhecido pelo Estado português como factor determinante para a dinamização de um cluster da indústria...

  11. A Dobragem em Portugal: novos paradigmas na tradução audiovisual

    OpenAIRE

    Chorão, Graça Bigotte

    2013-01-01

    En un país acostumbrado a una cultura en que domina el subtitulado, se ha podido observar, en la última década, una incremento de productos audiovisuales doblados tanto para cine como para televisión. El fenómeno del doblaje, aún poco conocido y estudiado, podrá llevar a un cambio de actitudes y de hábitos del público portugués. La necesidad de observar y analizar el doblaje en Portugal, así como la voluntad de comprender este fenómeno constituyen la bases de esta tesis, como resultado con...

  12. Desenvolvimento limpo : uma nova cooperação entre Portugal e os PALOP

    OpenAIRE

    Gomes, Carla Maria

    2009-01-01

    Este trabalho propõe analisar as políticas de cooperação em Portugal e perceber de que modo a Convenção Internacional para as Alterações Climáticas, nomeadamente o Protocolo de Quioto, provocou uma mudança de prioridades e de estratégia. À luz de um novo paradigma da “cooperação para o desenvolvimento sustentável”, procura-se avaliar o potencial dos Países Africanos de Língua Oficial Portuguesa como parceiros em futuros projectos de Desenvolvimento Limpo, em particular de Fontes de Ener...

  13. Plano de comunicação integrada de marketing da empresa Aura Light Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Lopes, Inês Alves dos Santos

    2013-01-01

    Mestrado em Marketing Actualmente as empresas apercebem-se que devem mudar a sua posição no mercado e a sua forma de promover os produtos e serviços, sendo a Comunicação Integrada de Marketing de extremo valor para o trabalho dos marketeers, num ambiente de comunicação caracterizado por rápidas mudanças (Belch e Belch, 2003). Este projecto tem como objectivo a elaboração de um plano de Comunicação Integrada de Marketing para a empresa Aura Light Portugal, cujos objectivos pa...

  14. As funções da resposabilidade social no marketing social de hoje : o caso de estudo McDonald's Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Marco, Débora Alexandra Rodrigues do

    2012-01-01

    No âmbito deste trabalho propomo-nos elaborar um estudo sobre o conceito da Responsabilidade Social Empresarial em Portugal, compreender a sua relação com o Marketing Social e ilustrar algumas das vantagens inerentes à adopção de um comportamento empresarial socialmente responsável, que contribui por sua vez para o entendimento, comunicação, divulgação e crescimento desta estratégia empresarial em Portugal. A União Europeia desempenha um papel fundamental para o crescimento do ...

  15. LECHNER, Elsa (Ed.). Rostos, vozes e silêncios: uma pesquisa biográfica colaborativa com imigrantes em Portugal. Coimbra: Almedina, 2015. 332 p.

    OpenAIRE

    Mapril, José

    2016-01-01

    O livro Rostos, vozes e silêncios: uma pesquisa biográfica colaborativa com imigrantes em Portugal aborda as dimensões subjetivas dos fenómenos migratórios em Portugal, a partir de um trabalho de campo realizado na cidade de Coimbra e enquadrado por um projeto de investigação financiado pela Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia. Para aceder às experiências dos seus interlocutores, os autores, com diversos percursos disciplinares (antropólogos, psicólogos, arquitetos, sociólogos, linguistas, e...

  16. Millipedes (Diplopoda) from caves of Portugal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    P. S. Reboleira, Ana Sofia; Enghoff, Henrik

    2014-01-01

    Millipedes play an important role in the decomposition of organic matter in the subterranean environment. Despite the existence of several cave-adapted species of millipedes in adjacent geographic areas, their study has been largely ignored in Portugal. Over the last decade, intense fieldwork...... in caves of the mainland and the island of Madeira has provided new data about the distribution and diversity of millipedes. A review of millipedes from caves of Portugal is presented, listing fourteen species belonging to eight families, among which six species are considered troglobionts....... The distribution of millipedes in caves of Portugal is discussed and compared with the troglobiont biodiversity in the overall Iberian Peninsula and the Macaronesian archipelagos....

  17. Enoturismo em Portugal: as Rotas de Vinho

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simões, Orlando

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Since 1993, as supported by the Dyonisios program of the European Union, the wine routes have been the most visible face of the wine tourism practice in Portugal. Since these thematic routes have no specific rules, they usually depend on the initiative of the promoters, namely through the creation of adherent/promoters associations or other institutions, like the Regional Viticulture Commissions, and Tourism Regions. This article aims at analysing the basis for the development of wine tourism in Portugal and its structure around wine routes. The socioeconomics traits of both the vineyards and wine, are analysed. The existing routes in Portugal are presented and their strengths and limitations are identi-fied.

  18. Enoturismo em Portugal: as Rotas de Vinho

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Orlando Simões

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Since 1993, as supported by the Dyonisios program of the European Union, the wine routes have been the most visible face of the wine tourism practice in Portugal. Since these thematic routes have no specific rules, they usually depend on the initiative of the promoters, namely through the creation of adherent/promoters associations or other institutions, like the Regional Viticulture Commissions, and Tourism Regions. This article aims at analysing the basis for the development of wine tourism in Portugal and its structure around wine routes. The socioeconomics traits of both the vineyards and wine, are analysed. The existing routes in Portugal are presented and their strengths and limitations are identified.

  19. Tratamentos alternativos para o combate à Varroa

    OpenAIRE

    Vilas-Boas, Miguel

    2006-01-01

    Mais de 20 anos após a detecção em Portugal do ácaro da Varroa Jacobsoni, a sua coexistência com a abelha Apis Mellifera continua a ser um desafio constante para o apicultor provocando continuadamente baixas no efectivo apícola.

  20. Fish Farming and Otters in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Trindade A.

    1991-02-01

    Full Text Available In Portugal fish farming has expanded very rapidly in the last decade, with trout, mullet, cuttlefish, seabream, eel, salmon and prawns being intensively reared in artificial ponds. A questionnaire was sent to all known fish farmers to assess the effect of predation, especially by otters; no compensation scheme exists in Portugal. This paper discusses the results of this exercise. It is suggested that fish farmers need to look beyond economic and technological aspects of aquaculture and consider the wider environmental impact of their activities.

  1. Comunicação estratégica integrada para a participação cívica, activismo e campanhas para mudanças em organizações sem fins lucrativos : Greenpeace, Amnistia e Ser+ em Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Oliveira, Evandro Samuel Ribeiro dos Santos

    2011-01-01

    Dissertação de mestrado em Ciências da Comunicação (área de especialização em publicidade e relações públicas) A gestão estratégica e integrada da comunicação e o uso de práticas de Comunicação Estratégica são cruciais para conseguir realizar campanhas bem sucedidas e eficazes e atingir as metas de uma organização. As novas regras da comunicação social e as condições sociológicas são um desafio para os profissionais, que se deparam com a procura de formas inovadoras de estabele...

  2. Portugal : da 1ª República à Ditadura Militar : um caminho de cidadania

    OpenAIRE

    Carvalho, Leopoldo Manuel Madeira, 1963-

    2013-01-01

    Relatório da prática de ensino supervisionada, Ensino de História e Geografia no 3.º Ciclo do Ensino Básico e Ensino Secundário, Universidade de Lisboa, 2013 O nosso Relatório da Prática de Ensino Supervisionada pretende ser uma proposta didáctica para o tema “Portugal: da 1ª República à Ditadura Militar”, do Programa Oficial de História, realizada com alunos da turma D, do 9º ano de escolaridade da Escola Secundária com 3º Ciclo de Camilo Castelo Branco em Carnaxide. Portugal viveu, em...

  3. Apontamento sobre a contabilidade e educação em Portugal entre 1869 e 1918 = A note on accounting and education in Portugal between 1860 and 1918

    OpenAIRE

    Miguel Gonçalves

    2011-01-01

    Na segunda metade do século XIX foram fundados nas duas maiores cidades comerciais de Portugal, Lisboa e Porto, nos anos de 1869 e de 1886, respectivamente, dois estabelecimentos de ensino público de Contabilidade: o Instituto Industrial e Comercial de Lisboa (IICL) e o Instituto Industrial e Comercial do Porto (IICP). O tema central do artigo respeita ao fornecimento de subsídios que possam caracterizar estas duas escolas de comércio. Adicionalmente, visa-se também dar um contributo para a i...

  4. Migrants and Health in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. Bäckström

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research is to atain knowledge on immigrant´s health related problems and to identify their dificulties when acesing health care services. The article describes immigrant´s dificulties when acesing health care services that are visiting the health ofice at a National Immigrant Support Centre.Design: : A qualitative study was conducted, analysing available documentation and observing the health isues dealt with at the National Immigrant Support Centre’s (CNAI Health Ofice. The 148 cases are mainly immigrants coming from Portuguese speaking African countries for health purposes. Immigrants from Brazil have more restricted aces, and feel discrimination on the part of the services. Immigrants from Eastern Europe come in search of information and have communication dificulties. Obstacles are related to the lack of knowledge of the law, but also to the failure of puting the law into practice. The ofice has had a great demand of users seeking information and in acesingthe health care system.Results: The cases analysed are mainly nationals from Portuguese Speaking African Countries (PSAC, Brazil and countries in Eastern Europe. The majority of the immigrants coming from PSAC are patients receiving treatment under international Cooperation Agreements requesting financial and social support. Immigrants from Brazil have more restricted aces and feel greater discrimination on the part of the services. New Labour Migrants from Eastern Europe, on the other hand, come in search of information and are known to have communication dificulties.Conclusions: Legislation in Portugal provides aces to health care to al citizens, regardles of their legal condition and origin. However, some immigrants have had significant dificulties with aces to Portugal’s National Health Service. The obstacles are not only related to the lack of legal knowledge, but also to the failure of puting the law into practice, which requires atention by

  5. Taking New Paths: Experiential Education in Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Almeida, Katia

    2008-01-01

    Pressley Ridge is a non-profit organization that provides an array of treatment services to at-risk and developmentally delayed children that allow them to remain close to their families and communities. In 2007 Pressley Ridge Portugal started an experiential education and adventure therapy center. This pilot project aims to help participants…

  6. Rickettsia slovaca infection in humans, Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Sousa, Rita; Pereira, Branca Isabel; Nazareth, Claúdia; Cabral, Susana; Ventura, Conceição; Crespo, Pedro; Marques, Nuno; da Cunha, Saraiva

    2013-10-01

    Fifteen years after the initial detection of Rickettsia slovaca in ticks in Portugal, 3 autochthonous cases of R. slovaca infection were diagnosed in humans. All patients had an eschar on the scalp and lymphadenopathy; 2 patients had facial edema. R. slovaca infection was confirmed by serologic testing, culture, and PCR.

  7. Social housing in Portugal and Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alves, Sonia; Andersen, Hans Thor

    The social housing sector has become increasingly residualized and segregated in Portugal and Denmark. Whilst there is a considerable difference between the systems in these two countries, as regards issues of management and governance, dominant rent regimes (cost rent, social rent) or eligibilit...

  8. Child Poverty in Portugal: Dimensions and Dynamics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bastos, Amelia; Nunes, Francisco

    2009-01-01

    This article analyses the extent and persistence of child poverty in Portugal between 1995 and 2001. Data from the Portuguese component of the European Community Household Panel Survey (ECHP) are used to estimate child poverty rates and children's flows in and out of poverty. The article focuses upon an analysis based on family income and on a set…

  9. Entomofauna associada a plantas espontâneas do olival, na região Sul de Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Furtado, Claudia; Rei, Fernando; Belo, Anabela; Torres, Laura

    2012-01-01

    O conhecimento dos ecossistemas agrícolas é um factor primordial para a sua gestão e sustentabilidade e para a obtenção de produtos mais ecológicos. Nesse sentido, procedeu-se a um estudo da entomofauna presente em plantas herbáceas espontâneas, usualmente associadas a olivais alentejanos, no Sul de Portugal, para avaliar o contributo dessas espécies na manutenção de uma fauna auxiliar no Olival. Entre Junho e Novembro de 2011, foram monitorizadas 10 espécies herbáceas, nomeadamente, Echium p...

  10. Neo-Lamarckism in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Almaça, Carlos

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available

    Darwinism was championed in Portugal by the University and progressionist political parties from the 1860's on. Neo-Darwinism was neglected in its proper time and so the acceptance of the inheritance of acquired characters continued over the first decades of the 20th century. Men of medical education who were professors of Biology at the University of Oporto supported neo-Lamarckian theories in early 20th century. The first one has been Américo Pires de Lima (1886-1966, professor of Botany, whose doctoral dissertation sustaining early Darwinism and neo-Lamarckism was presented in 1912. This thesis, as well as a few neo-Lamarckian publications with antropological significance, are commented and discussed in the present paper.



    El Darwinismo fue defendido en Portugal en la Universidad y por los partidos políticos progresistas durante la década de los años 60 del siglo XIX. El neo-darwinismo fue ignorado en su tiempo y así continuó la aceptación de la herencia de los caracteres adquiridos a lo largo de las primeras décadas del siglo XX. Los profesores de biolog

  11. All About Portugal - Website dedicado ao turismo externo em Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Martins, Rui Manuel da Silva

    2015-01-01

    Grande parte do tráfego online tem origem em páginas de resultados de motores de de pesquisa. Estes constituem hoje uma ferramenta fundamental de que os turistas se socorrem para pesquisar e filtrar a informação necessária ao planeamento das suas viagens, sendo, por isso, bastante tidos em conta pelas entidades ligadas ao turismo no momento da definição das suas estratégias de marketing. No presente documento é descrita a investigação feita em torno do modo de funcionamento ...

  12. New series of Portuguese population and employment, 1950-2007: implications for GDP per capita and labor productivity Novas séries para a população e o emprego em Portugal, 1950-2007: implicações para o PIB per capita e a produtividade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciano Amaral

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available The two most important international databases with Portuguese GDP per capita and productivity from the 1950s onwards (GGDC and Ameco offer two contrasting pictures of its evolution, especially during the slowdown of 1973 to the mid-1980s. The main problem is the low quality of the underlying data for population and employment. This paper offers new estimates for population and employment and recalculates GDP per capita and productivity between 1950 and 2007. Although confirming the main idea advanced in GGDC (a similar slowdown of GDP per capita and productivity, the series are different, and should be viewed as the new benchmark for the Portuguese economyAs duas mais importantes bases internacionais com dados para o PIB per capita e produtividade da economia portuguesa dos anos 50 em diante (GGDC e Ameco oferecem dois retratos opostos da sua evolução, em especial durante o abrandamento entre 1973 e os anos 80. O principal problema é a qualidade dos dados de base sobre população e emprego. Oferecem-se aqui novas estimativas e apresentam-se novos cálculos do PIB per capita e da produtividade do trabalho entre 1950 e 2007. Confirma-se a ideia transmitida em GGDC (abrandamento semelhante do PIB per capita e produtividade, mas as séries são diferentes, devendo as séries aqui apresentadas ficar como as novas referências para a economia portuguesa.

  13. O uso das redes sociais por jornalistas em Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Sofia Veloso

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo pretende mostrar como as redes sociais são utilizadas pelosjornalistas, nomeadamente os que trabalham em Portugal. É ainda intuito deste trabalho perceber se o uso destas ferramentas por estes profissionais pode constituir uma nova prática rotineira.Para o efeito, levou-se a cabo um estudo de carácter exploratório baseado nos resultados de um inquérito por questionário – realizado de raiz – dirigido à classe jornalística em Portugal. O artigo divide-se em quatro partes. Tendo em conta que, em pouco mais de uma década, as redes sociais se tornaram a atividade online mais popular a nível global, começa-se por realizar um enquadramento de apoio ao surgimento destas ferramentas na sociedade atual, dando conta de algumas estatísticas de uso e de novos processos de socialização subsequentes. Num segundo momento, é feito refereência à relação do jornalismo com as redes sociais e algumas novas práticas jornalísticas neste âmbito, apresentando conclusões de estudos internacionais sobre a utilização que jornalistas de diversos países fazem das redes sociais. Aborda-se ainda as orientações existentes sobre o uso ético que os jornalistas devem dar a estas ferramentas segundo várias entidades ligadas ao universo do jornalismo. A terceira parte foca-se no inquérito, designadamente a metodologia usada e a estrutura do mesmo; realiza-se um breve retrato sociográfico da classe jornalística em Portugal e faz-se uma caracterização socioprofissional da amostra obtida através do inquérito; apresentam-se os resultados conseguidos e analisam-se e discutem-se os mesmos, nomeadamente através de comparações com as estatísticas e as conclusões dos estudos nacionais e internacionais já mencionadas. Na quarta secção, tendo por base a discussão realizada e o balanço do tratamento do inquérito, menciona-se alguns desafios que se colocam aos jornalistas na era da Web 2.0. E conclui-se com a confirmação de que a

  14. Business Creation in Portugal: A Viewpoint on Data Comparison

    OpenAIRE

    Elsa De Morais Sarmento; Alcina Nunes

    2014-01-01

    Portugal has some of the highest business entry rates when compared to other countries, according to Eurostat, Statistics Portugal and the OECD Entrepreneurship Indicators Programme. We look at business creation in Portugal, from 2000 to 2007, by approaching two other complementary data sources, the World Bank Group Entrepreneurship Survey, based on official Portuguese business register's and the universe of active employer enterprises, obtained by applying to the dataset Quadros de Pessoal, ...

  15. Family and General Medicine in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Costa

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available General and Family Medicine in Portugal as a medical specialty has evolved in the past few decades much the same way as in other European countries. This article aims to describe the various changes that have taken place over the years, in terms of career reform and medical training, which together have brought about the present model for General and Family Medicine training.  It succinctly delineates the stages in training, including the main objectives at each step, the difficulties and the many challenges encountered along the way, as well as the methods of evaluation during the internship. The main objective of this article is to inform how training in family medicine is conducted and how one can embark on this career path in Portugal

  16. In Portugal, the energy revolution is underway

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As at the beginning of 2013, 70 per cent of the electricity consumed in Portugal had a renewable origin, this article outlines that this result is based on a strong-willed policy. In fact, Portugal entered the energy transition in 2001 with its '4E program' (energy efficiency and endogenous energies) which aimed at reaching 60 per cent of renewable energies in electricity consumption by 2020. This program was based on a strong development of wind and hydraulic energy. Moreover, the country developed its own capacities for the manufacturing of wind turbines. On another hand, other renewable energies (notably solar energy) seem a bit late although several projects are underway. As far as hydraulic energy, a dam project is a matter of controversy

  17. Interpersonal violence among immigrants in Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dias, Sónia; Fraga, Sílvia; Barros, Henrique

    2013-02-01

    To assess prevalence of interpersonal violence among a mixed gender sample of immigrants in Portugal, describing the type of violence and associated factors. A cross-sectional study was conducted between October 2008 and May 2009, evaluating a sample of 702 immigrants residing in the Lisbon region. Information was obtained by trained interviewers using a structured questionnaire. Overall, 15.1 % (15.5 % females and 14.7 % males; p = 0.844) of the immigrants reported to be victims of at least one episode of violence during the last year, regardless of which type of violence was involved. The prevalence of intimate-partner violence was 4.1 %, and it was significantly higher among women than men (7.1 % vs. 0.9 %, respectively, p Portugal, with different gender patterns regarding the perpetrators and settings of abuse.

  18. Primeras evidencias de arte mueble paleolítico en el sur de Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simón Vallejo, María D.

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the first evidence for Palaeolithic portable art in Southern Portugal. This include two plaques, dated between 20,500 and 19,500 BP from Solutrean levels from the site of Vale Boi, Western Algarve (Portugal. One of the pieces is a small engraved schist plaque (14,6 × 8,1 mm with abstract lines on one side. The other artefact is an 8 × 5 cm schist plaque. One side is an oxide natural deposit, used to produce dye; the other side has three aurochs and a probable cervid. Stilistic information and the engraving sequence indicate probably production by a single artist. The stylistic characteristics are in full agreement withi those from late Gravettian and early Solutrean art known from Valencia, Andalucia (Spain and the Côa valley (Portugal, thus confirming the absolute AMS dates from the Vale Boi Levels.

    En este trabajo presentamos la primera evidencia de arte mueble paleolítico en el sur de Portugal: dos plaquetas de pizarra procedentes de niveles solutrenses del yacimiento de Vale Boi, zona occidental del Algarve (Portugal. La primera de las piezas es una pequeña placa (14,6 × 8,1 mm que presenta sobre una de sus caras un ideomorfo grabado. La segunda (8 × 5 cm cuenta con una superficie ocupada por óxido de hierro natural de color amarillento, tiene claros indicios de extracción de mineral para producir colorantes. En la superficie opuesta han sido grabados tres uros y una posible cierva. El estilo y secuencia de los grabados apuntan a un solo artista. Las características estilísticas de los zoomorfos concuerdan bien con los rasgos comunes del arte del ciclo Gravetiense final y Solutrense antiguo del País Valenciano, Andalucía y Valle de Côa (Portugal. Esta afinidad sintoniza asimismo con las fechas AMS de los niveles solutrenses de Vale Boi, datados entre ca. 20.500 y 19.500 BP.

  19. Las relaciones financieras entre España y Portugal, 1563-1580

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Óscar LUCAS VILLANUEVA

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Las economías de Castilla y Portugal durante la segunda mitad del siglo XVI estaban estrechamente ligadas por vínculos financieros. Un espacio económico en desarrollo, el del Atlántico septentrional, comprendía ambos territorios y se organizaba a partir de los grandes centros feriales de Amberes, Lyon y Medina. El gran tráfico mercantil transoceánico se hacía presente en este escenario europeo gracias a la intervención de España y Portugal, pero con papeles bien distintos: España, incontinente, drenando el oro y la plata americanos hacia Europa, Portugal suministrando las apreciadas mercancías orientales. Las ferias de Medina del Campo y los mercaderes castellanos como Simón Ruiz se convierten en colaboradores necesarios de los mercaderes portugueses, pues a través de éstos negociaban los reembolsos o inversiones financieras en las plazas europeas; sin embargo, para ello era preciso un buen conocimiento de los negocios cambiarlos y su oportunidad, atendiendo a la cotización de las distintas monedas y a demanda de dinero en las ferias europeas. De la mano del mercader medinense entran los lisboetas en las grandes finanzas y la concertación de asientos con la Corona, aunque tal vez sin la pujanza que Felipe II hubiese deseado.ABSTRACT: The correspondence studied shows the importance that had, for this period of time (1563-1580, the relationship between Castille and Portugal. The vigorous economic space of the Northern Atlantic, the space in which were inscribed both territories, was organised from the three great market centres of Amberes, Lyon and Medina del Campo. The big transoceanic commercial trade was present in this European scenery thanks to the supervision of Spain an Portugal, but playing a very different role: Spain, draining gold and silver to Europe; and Portugal, supplying the appreciated oriental goods. The fairs of Medina and the Castilian merchants, like Simon Ruiz, were converted in necessary

  20. Seismicity and earthquake risk in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Bezzeghoud, M.; Borges, J. F.; Caldeira, B.; Grandin, R.

    2006-01-01

    The workshop “Earthquake monitoring and Earthquake Risk in WEstern Mediterranean” (EERWEM) will summarize the current knowledge, on-going projects and research plans with regard to seismic activity and risk in the region. This work is organized in two topics: i) presentation of our current research on seismic activity and earthquake risk in the Western Mediterranean region, particularly in Portugal and ii) a short training course about seismic data processing and waveform analysis. Some appli...

  1. Biogas in Portugal: status and public policies

    OpenAIRE

    Ferreira, Miguel; Malico, Isabel; Marques, Isabel Paula

    2009-01-01

    Portugal has recently implemented a number of measures and monitoring mechanisms that seek to promote renewable energy sources as a way of protecting the environment and assuring a sustainable development. In its policy for renewable energies, 39% of the electricity from renewable energy sources was defined as target for 2010. Biogas arises as a useful energy source by its direct conversion into heat and electricity or by injection into a natural gas network. This work reviews the Portuguese ...

  2. Multivariate statistical analysis of wildfires in Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costa, Ricardo; Caramelo, Liliana; Pereira, Mário

    2013-04-01

    Several studies demonstrate that wildfires in Portugal present high temporal and spatial variability as well as cluster behavior (Pereira et al., 2005, 2011). This study aims to contribute to the characterization of the fire regime in Portugal with the multivariate statistical analysis of the time series of number of fires and area burned in Portugal during the 1980 - 2009 period. The data used in the analysis is an extended version of the Rural Fire Portuguese Database (PRFD) (Pereira et al, 2011), provided by the National Forest Authority (Autoridade Florestal Nacional, AFN), the Portuguese Forest Service, which includes information for more than 500,000 fire records. There are many multiple advanced techniques for examining the relationships among multiple time series at the same time (e.g., canonical correlation analysis, principal components analysis, factor analysis, path analysis, multiple analyses of variance, clustering systems). This study compares and discusses the results obtained with these different techniques. Pereira, M.G., Trigo, R.M., DaCamara, C.C., Pereira, J.M.C., Leite, S.M., 2005: "Synoptic patterns associated with large summer forest fires in Portugal". Agricultural and Forest Meteorology. 129, 11-25. Pereira, M. G., Malamud, B. D., Trigo, R. M., and Alves, P. I.: The history and characteristics of the 1980-2005 Portuguese rural fire database, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 11, 3343-3358, doi:10.5194/nhess-11-3343-2011, 2011 This work is supported by European Union Funds (FEDER/COMPETE - Operational Competitiveness Programme) and by national funds (FCT - Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology) under the project FCOMP-01-0124-FEDER-022692, the project FLAIR (PTDC/AAC-AMB/104702/2008) and the EU 7th Framework Program through FUME (contract number 243888).

  3. Tourism Demand in Portugal: Market Perspectives

    OpenAIRE

    Serra, Jaime; Correia, Antónia; Paulo M.M. Rodrigues

    2012-01-01

    Tourism has experienced different levels of development in the different regions of Portugal. To frame this development, several panel data models were estimated. The main objective is to explain the evolution of overnight stays by nationality in each region. Secondary data from 2000 to 2010 was used. The analysis includes the main tourism markets, such as the United Kingdom, Germany, the Netherlands, Ireland, France and Spain. Tourism literature suggests that, among others, th...

  4. Wages and Job Satisfaction in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Vieira, José; Couto, João; Borges-Tiago, Maria Teresa

    2004-01-01

    The interest in the analysis of job satisfaction has increased among economists. Indeed, reported levels of satisfaction have been seen as a good predictor of individual behaviour such as job turnover, productivity and absenteeism. Because of this, several studies have tried to identify the determinants of job satisfaction. This paper is concerned with job satisfaction in Portugal. For this purpose, we use the first six waves of the European Household Panel Data (ECHP). The panel nature of th...

  5. Silent surfaces : an experience in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Freitas, Elisabete F.; Pereira, Paulo A. A.; Paulo, Joel; Coelho, J. L. Bento; Anfosso-Lédée, F.

    2008-01-01

    It is acknowledged that traffic noise affects human behaviour and health. Measures aiming at mitigating the impact of traffic noise are not always viable in urban areas. In Portugal, road designers have recently started to consider silent surfaces as alternative within their road pavement projects. In this paper the tire-surface noise of three surface layers integrated in a rehabilitation project carried out in an urban road that carries more than 40000 vehicles per day is a...

  6. Silent surfaces : An experience in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    FREITAS, E; P. Pereira; J. Paulo; BENTO COELHO, J; Anfosso Ledee, Fabienne

    2008-01-01

    It is acknowledged that traffic noise affects human behaviour and health. Measures aiming at mitigating the impact of traffic noise are not always viable in urban areas. In portugal, road designers have recently started to consider silent surfaces as alternative within their road pavement projects. In this paper the tire-surface noise of three surface layers integrated in a rehabilitation project carried out in an urban road that carries more than 40000 vehicles per day is assessed : 1) on de...

  7. [Portugal in the face of immigration].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guibentif, P

    1996-01-01

    The relatively recent phenomenon of migration into Portugal is broken down into three components: foreign immigrants, return of emigrants, and repatriation of those from the old African colonies in Angola and Mozambique. Changes in the flow of migrants since 1960 are noted, and the economic and social situation of the various groups of immigrants is examined. Changes in public policies aimed at addressing migration-related issues are also discussed. (SUMMARY IN ENG AND SPA)

  8. Runoff erosion in Portugal: A broad overview

    OpenAIRE

    Figueiredo, Tomás

    2013-01-01

    Soils are generally a scarce natural resource in Portugal as far as productivity is concerned (CNROA, 1983; Agroconsultores e Coba, 1991; Agroconsultores e Geometral, 1995). In fact, the major part of the territory is potentially not suitable for agriculture, corresponding to areas with misuse and over-exploitation of the soil resource in cropland, and to typical marginal land cover by forests and shrubs. The soils with moderate and high suitability are under agricultural use, more or less in...

  9. Motivations for social entrepreneurship: evidences from Portugal.

    OpenAIRE

    Proença, Teresa; Ferreira, Marisa R.; João F. Proença

    2014-01-01

    The main purpose of this article is to explore the factors that motivate people to create, develop and maintain a social entrepreneurship project and also to explore the difficulties and expectations social entrepreneurs face. The research is based on an exploratory study that includes the collection and analysis of qualitative data, involving 13 interviews to social entrepreneurs from Portugal.The study provides information about the motivations that take individuals to initiate and maintain...

  10. Digital History in Portugal: a survey

    OpenAIRE

    Guardado, Cristina; Borges, Maria Manuel

    2012-01-01

    The emergence of concepts like “digital humanities” and “digital history” shows how digital technology is becoming increasingly important to the humanities and corresponding disciplines. This study is a first look into digital history in Portugal. Using information available on the Web, it is possible to see that historians are using more and more digital tools to complete and communicate their work as well as to collaborate with other researchers.

  11. Análise de um projecto de investimento na energia nuclear em Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Flores, Pedro Tiago Marques

    2011-01-01

    Face ao aumento do consumo anual de electricidade verificado em Portugal e ao aumento dos preços dos combustíveis fósseis, é imperativo diversificar as fontes de energia disponíveis. A energia nuclear, no que concerne ao efeito de estufa, é menos nociva para o ambiente e constitui uma solução alternativa à dependência dos combustíveis fósseis. A energia nuclear continua a ser uma interessante área de pesquisa e estudo, não só para melhorar ainda mais a segurança, mas também para mino...

  12. MARKOV PROCESSES IN MODELING LAND USE AND LAND COVER CHANGES IN SINTRA-CASCAIS, PORTUGAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    PEDRO CABRAL

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo los procesos de alteración de la utilización y ocupación del suelo (LUCC son investigados recorriendo-se a técnicas de teledetección y a cadenas de Markov en lasmunicipalidades de Sintra y Cascais (Portugal entre los anos de 1989 y 2000. El papel del Parque Natural de Sintra-Cascais (PNSC es evaluado.Los resultados demuestran que, dentro del PNSC, el LUCC presente depende del pasadoinmediato del uso y ocupación del suelo siguiendo un comportamiento Markoviano. Fuera del PNSC, LUCC es aleatorio y no sigue un proceso Markoviano. Estimativas del LUCC para el ano de 2006 son presentadas para el área dentro del PNSC. Estos resultados refuerzan el papel del PNSC como una herramienta indispensable para preservar la estabilidad del LUCC y garantizar sus funciones.

  13. Population diversity of Theileria annulata in Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gomes, Jacinto; Salgueiro, Patrícia; Inácio, João; Amaro, Ana; Pinto, João; Tait, Andy; Shiels, Brian; Pereira da Fonseca, Isabel; Santos-Gomes, Gabriela; Weir, William

    2016-08-01

    The tick-borne protozoan parasite Theileria annulata causes tropical theileriosis, a severe disease of cattle that occurs across the Mediterranean littoral, the Middle East and Southern Asia. In the Mediterranean region, the disease has long been perceived as being a constraint to livestock production in North Africa and Turkey but was believed to have minimal impact in Southern European countries. It has recently been demonstrated that in Southern Portugal the prevalence of T. annulata is approximately 30%. While the population genetics of the parasite and the multiplicity of infection in the bovine host have been studied in a number of countries, no information is currently available on the composition of the parasite population in Southern Europe or its relationship to populations in bordering regions. A parasite genotyping system, based on micro- and mini-satellite amplification, was used to perform genetic analysis of T. annulata populations from T. annulata infected cattle in twelve farms in Southern Portugal. A diversity of genotypes and a high multiplicity of infection were found, suggesting that the parasite possesses a panmictic population in this region. In comparison with genotypes found in Tunisia and Turkey, parasites from Portugal form a genetically distinct group and show lower genetic diversity. PMID:27109468

  14. The cavernicolous Oniscidea (Crustacea: Isopoda of Portugal

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    Ana Sofia P.S. Reboleira

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The study of subterranean Oniscidea in Portugal has been neglected for nearly 70 years, but recent investigations have revealed high diversity. All the terrestrial isopods from caves of mainland Portugal, including data from the literature and new material, are listed, revealing new biodiversity patterns. Twenty-seven species, belonging to 15 genera and six families, are known, of which 16 species are considered to be exclusively from subterranean ecosystems, i.e., troglobionts. Trichoniscidae is the most diverse family. Seven species in the family Trichoniscidae and one species in the family Styloniscidae are described as new (all with Reboleira & Taiti as authors: Trichoniscoides bellesi sp. nov. from the Montejunto Massif; T. sicoensis sp. nov. from the Sicó Massif; Metatrichoniscoides salirensis sp. nov. from the typhonic valley of Caldas da Rainha; Troglonethes olissipoensis sp. nov. from the Lisbon Peninsula; T. arrabidaensis sp. nov. from the Arrábida Massif; Miktoniscus longispina sp. nov. from the Sicó Massif and Cesaredas Plateau; Moserius inexpectatus sp. nov. from the Estremenho Massif; and Cordioniscus lusitanicus sp. nov. from Alentejo and Algarve, the southernmost provinces of Portugal. The subgenus Trogleluma Vandel, 1946 (Armadillidiidae is raised to genus level. In this geographic region terrestrial isopods are the richest group of cave-adapted animals.

  15. Retratos de uma musa do século XXI: a figura feminina na GQ Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Ferreira, Rita Marques

    2014-01-01

    Relatório de estágio apresentado à Escola Superior de Comunicação Social como parte dos requisitos para obtenção de grau de mestre em Jornalismo. O presente relatório tem como objetivo apresentar as atividades realizadas enquanto jornalista estagiária da GQ Portugal. O estágio curricular, integrado no Mestrado em Jornalismo, da Escola Superior de Comunicação Social, teve início a três de fevereiro de 2014 e terminou a onze de maio do mesmo ano, catorze semanas durante as quais colaborei na...

  16. Circuito do medicamento em Portugal : uma acção do regulador

    OpenAIRE

    Cordeiro, Manuel Augusto Ferreira Pontes

    2014-01-01

    Mestrado em Ciências Empresariais No presente contexto, de grandes mudanças para a Industria Farmacêutica, este estudo procura identificar e analisar o circuito do medicamento em Portugal, descrevendo as principais anomalias encontradas no mesmo, dando-se especial atenção à avaliação do impacto da mais recente medida do Infarmed (deliberação nº 2100/2013, de 26 de Setembro), que visa desincentivar comportamentos considerados abusivos que, em último caso, podem pôr em causa a saúde pública ...

  17. Marcas de luxo em Portugal: o sucesso em contexto de crise económica

    OpenAIRE

    Pereira, Filipa Marques Serra

    2011-01-01

    Mestrado em Marketing “O «Luxury Goods Worldwide Market Study» estima que as vendas globais aumentem 10% este ano, para 191 mil milhões de euros” in Diário Económico 2011/10/23. Portugal não é excepção. Surgem constantemente manchetes de jornais acerca do crescimento de mercado de luxo em contexto de crise. As razões que levam os consumidores a escolherem produtos de luxo são muitas e de diversas dimensões: financeira, funcional, individual e social. Além disso, o luxo hoje em dia pode ...

  18. Normalização em ética e responsabilidade social: desenvolvimentos em Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Duarte, Ana Paula; Rocha, Cristina; Frazão, Rui

    2006-01-01

    A Organização Internacional de Normalização (ISO) está a desenvolver a Norma Internacional de Responsabilidade Social (Norma ISO 26000), com publicação prevista para 2008, que constituirá um guia sobre esta matéria, tendo encorajado por outro lado todos os países participantes a desenvolver as suas próprias normas nacionais sobre a mesma temática. Portugal vem participando nestes esforços através da APEE (Associação Portuguesa de Ética Empresarial), na sua qualidade de Organismo de Normaliza...

  19. La expulsión de los jesuitas de Portugal en la “era pombalina”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vivanco Díaz, Borja

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The Jesuits were expelled from Portugal in 1759 as a consequence of Regalian policy of enlightened despotism, which had been wholeheartedly accepted by Marquis of Pombal, prime-minister under the King Joseph I. Accusations of inciting the Guarani people to rise up against “The Treaty of the borders”, on the one hand, and of conspiring in the assassination attempt against King Joseph I, on the other, supported the decision to force the Jesuits into exile. However, neither allegation has been ever proven, rather they were the result of Pombal’s campaign against Saint Ignatius of Loyola’s order. The ultimate outcome of the expulsion of the Jesuits was the diminished influence of Catholic Church, thus encourating the introduction of new Enlightenment ideas in Portugal.Los jesuitas fueron expulsados de Portugal en 1759 como consecuencia de la política “regalista” del “despotismo ilustrado” y a la que se había adherido sin reservas el Marqués de Pombal, primer ministro del rey José I. Las acusaciones de instigar a los guaraníes a rebelarse contra el Tratado de los Límites, por un lado, y de conspirar en la organización del atentado frustrado contra la vida de José I, por otro, sirvieron de argumentos para provocar el exilio de la Compañía de Jesús. Sin embargo, ninguna de las dos acusaciones ha podido ser nunca probada y respondieron más bien a la campaña “pombalina” contra la orden de Ignacio de Loyola. Como resultado final, la expulsión de los jesuitas aminoró la influencia de la Iglesia Católica y favoreció la introducción en Portugal de las nuevas ideas de la Ilustración.

  20. Grafting of quince 'Portugal' on Cydonia and Chaenomeles rootstocks Enxertia do marmeleiro 'Portugal' em porta-enxertos Cydonia e Chaenomeles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Pio

    2008-09-01

    estratificadas à frio por 20 dias. Em seguida, foram semeadas em bandejas de poliestireno (72 células, capacidade de 120 cm³ por célula, contendo a vermiculita como substrato. Posteriormente, as plântulas foram transplantadas em sacos plásticos (capacidade de 3 L, contendo terra + esterco de curral curtido + areia (1:1:1 v/v, como substrato. As plântulas permaneceram em viveiro sombreado (50% de luminosidade e foram irrigadas sistematicamente. Depois de 180 dias do transplantio, as plântulas foram enxertadas pelo processo de garfagem, durante o inverno, com garfos do marmeleiro 'Portugal', sendo avaliado após 60 dias da enxertia, a porcentagem de enxertos brotados, assim como o comprimento e diâmetro do enxerto. As duas últimas variáveis foram avaliadas três vezes mais, a cada 30 dias. O marmeleiro 'Japonês' apresentou maior desempenho, demonstrando ser uma excelente alternativa como porta-enxerto para o marmeleiro e, junto como o 'Mendoza Inta-37', foram os que proporcionaram maior desenvolvimento do enxerto.

  1. A comparative study on the use of ICT for learning in secondary school mathematics in Portugal and in Brazil school

    OpenAIRE

    Viseu, Floriano; Lima, Antonia Jacinta Barbosa; Fernandes, José António

    2013-01-01

    A crescente utilização de recursos tecnológicos na sociedade encontra abertura da escola para os integrar nas atividades de ensino e de aprendizagem. Na disciplina de matemática, muito contribuem para essa abertura as recomendações dos programas escolares ao preconizarem o uso desses recursos. Como o que é prescrito nem sempre é concretizado, procuramos averiguar como alunos do ensino médio, do Brasil, e do ensino secundário, de Portugal, utilizam os recursos tecnológicos nas suas atividades ...

  2. OECD Review of the Secondary School Modernisation Programme in Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blyth, Alastair

    2010-01-01

    On 26 February in Lisbon a team from the OECD's Centre for Effective Learning Environments (CELE) presented its first review of a national school building programme. The school building renovation programme in Portugal, which began in March 2007, involves the renovation of 332 schools by 2015. However, Portugal plans to complete 205 by the end of…

  3. Immigration and Supplementary Ethnic Schooling: Ukrainian Students in Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tereshchenko, Antonina; Grau Cárdenas, Valeska Valentina

    2013-01-01

    Immigration from Eastern European countries to Portugal is a recent phenomenon. Within the last decade, economic migrants from Ukraine, Russia, Romania and Moldova set up a number of supplementary schools across the country. No academic attention has been given to the phenomenon of supplementary ethnic schools in Portugal, whilst there is a…

  4. Geologia de Portugal, Volume II, Geologia Meso-cenozóica de Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Dias, Rui; Araújo, António Alexandre; Terrinha, Pedro; Kullberg, José Carlos

    2013-01-01

    Livro dedicado à actualização da Geologia Meso-cenozóica de Portugal com base em 12 artigos científicos dedicados à evolução geodinâmica do Território durante os ciclos Atlântico e de Tétis.

  5. Geologia de Portugal, Volume I, Geologia Pré-mesozóica de Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Dias, Rui; Araújo, António Alexandre; Terrinha, Pedro; Kullberg, José Carlos

    2013-01-01

    Livro dedicado à actualização da Geologia Pré-mesozóica de Portugal, constituído por uma compilação de 22 artigos abrangendo, a estratigrafia, tectónica, magmatismo e metamorfismo do Maciço Ibérico.

  6. Sexualidad juvenil y cambio social: el caso de Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Machado-Pais José

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Investigar si, dentro de un marco de profundos cambios sociales, las nuevas generaciones estarán creando nuevos valores sociales. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Aplicando el método de las generaciones, se utilizaron datos de una encuesta sobre valores y generaciones, hecho en 1996 a 2 012 individuos residentes en Portugal continental y representativos de la población portuguesa. Recurriendo al programa SPAD (Estadística para análisis de datos, se procedió a un análisis factorial de correspondencias múltiples en conjugación con un análisis de tipo cluster. RESULTADOS: Constatamos que las principales discontinuidades intergeneracionales se presentan en el área de las actitudes y prácticas sexuales. Comprobamos que los grupos y agregados resultantes del análisis tienen índices de sobrerrepresentación de generaciones específicas. Por ejemplo, los encuestados hedonistas se caracterizan por un elevado índice de sobrerrepresentación de jóvenes, en contraste con los inhibidos o los moralistas. CONCLUSIONES: Los jóvenes portugueses aparecen como una generación portadora de valores hedonistas y de carácter experimental en el plano de la vida sexual y amorosa. Sin embargo, se caracterizan al mismo tiempo por su vulnerabilidad a conductas de riesgo.

  7. A case of imported neurocysticercosis in Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valadas, Emilia; Badura, Robert; Marques, Tiago; Neno, Miguel; Boura, Márcia; Sutre, Ana Filipa; Beato, Sílvia; Grácio, Maria Amélia; Neves, José Cordeiro

    2015-01-15

    Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is the most common cause of acquired epilepsy in resource-poor countries. We report the case of a 24-year-old woman born and residing in Guinea-Bissau, who was transferred to Portugal two months after the onset of a possible meningitis (fever, headache, seizures, and coma) that did not respond to antibiotic treatment. The diagnosis of NCC was confirmed by MR imaging, which showed multiple lesions compatible with cysticercus, and by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) of the cerebrospinal fluid. After 28 days on albendazole and dexamethasone without improvement, she was started on praziquantel, which she completed in six weeks with progressive recovery.

  8. Public Investment and Budgetary Consolidation in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Alfredo M. Pereira; Maria de Fátima Pinho

    2006-01-01

    In this paper we find that public investment in durable goods has a positive effect on long-term economic performance in Portugal. We also find that these positive effects are not strong enough for public investment to pay for itself in the form of future tax revenues. Therefore, cuts in public investment in durable goods, although costly in terms of long-term economic performance seem to be an effective way of alleviating pressure on the public budget. It is important to note, however, that ...

  9. Reformismo Agrario y Liberalismo en Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Tengarrinha, José

    2008-01-01

    Los limitados procesos reformistas agrarios que se desarrollan en Portugal desde la segunda mitad del siglo XVIII hasta la revolución liberal presentan dos sentidos principales: lo primero, en el tiempo del gobierno de Pombal, tiene sobre todo preocupaciones fiscales sin molestar la nobleza titulada; lo segundo, desde el último cuarto del Setecientos, está inserto en la crisis del régimen señorial, buscando nuevas formulas de desarrollo de la agricultura y el apoyo de la burguesía rural. Desp...

  10. Asphalt rubber mixtures in Portugal: fatigue resistance

    OpenAIRE

    Miranda, Henrique; Batista, Fátima; Neves, José; Antunes, Maria de Lurdes; Fonseca, Paulo

    2009-01-01

    This paper presents a study concerning the fatigue behaviour of asphalt mixtures with bitumen modified with high content of crumb rubber used in Portugal. For assessing the fatigue behaviour of this type of mixtures, four asphalt mixtures with high content of crumb rubber were used: two field bituminous mixtures – an open-graded and a gap-graded – both with granite aggregates; and two laboratory manufactured bituminous mixtures – an open-graded mixture with granite aggregates and a gap-graded...

  11. Determinantes do endividamento municipal em Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Ferreira, Fernando Diogo Vilaça

    2011-01-01

    Dissertação de mestrado em Economia, Mercados e Políticas Públicas O objectivo desta dissertação consiste em analisar os factores que explicam o índice de endividamento dos Municípios portugueses entre 2003 e 2007. Em Portugal, os municípios surgiram no pós-25 de Abril de 1974 com atribuições desempenhadas até aí pela Administração Central. No entanto, nem sempre foram acompanhadas por transferências suficientes provocando o recurso ao crédito. Este endividamento municipal t...

  12. Graffiti e street art em Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Simões, Marta Correia

    2014-01-01

    O seguinte trabalho tem como principal objectivo introduzir o estudo do graffiti e da street art no seio da história da arte em Portugal, como uma forma de arte contemporânea. O graffiti tem vindo a acompanhar a humanidade ao longo da história. De uma forma inconstante, este teve as mais diversas utilizações e é hoje considerado como um movimento artístico. Partindo de um estudo da prática do graffiti com início nas cidades americanas, procurou-se apresentar o processo que culminou com a s...

  13. The determinants of lottery sales in Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaizeler, Maria João; Faustino, Horácio C; Marques, Rafael

    2014-09-01

    In sum, this paper examines the core determinants of lottery sales in Portugal. With panel data analysis covering 18 Portuguese districts and 5 years, this study explains the variations in a district's per-capita lottery sales in terms of key theoretical hypotheses such as per capita district income, age, education index, gender and religion. This paper concludes that the richer Portuguese districts spend more than the poorer districts and there is an inverted-U relationship between lottery sales and per capita income. The paper also concludes that married Catholic citizens spend more on lottery products than others and that the level of education returns a negative effect on lottery spending.

  14. Acoustic characterization of historic cloisters in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Carvalho, A; Anabela Carvalho

    2004-01-01

    This paper presents the results of field measurements in 20 cloisters of old monasteries in Portugal (length: 15 to 55 m and height: 3.7 to 8.5 m) regarding their acoustic behavior to some objective parameters: RT, RASTI and background sound level. The individual results show, for instance, that the mean measured values in each cloister for RASTI were from 0.33 to 0.64 (with a global mean value of 0.50 for all rooms) and for the RT (1 kHz) were from 1.0 to 4.5 s (with a global mean of 2.5 s f...

  15. Survey and geographic distribution of chestnut blight in Portugal Prospecção e distribuição geográfica do cancro do castanheiro em Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helena Bragança

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Cryphonectria parasitica, the fungus that causes chestnut blight disease, was first described in Portugal (1929 on bark samples of Castanea crenata, collected in Beira Interior province. After this report, only in 1989 two disease foci were found on native European chestnut, C. sativa, in Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro Province. To assess the current distribution of chestnut blight in Portugal (mainland, Azores and Madeira a nationwide monitoring program was implemented. A major cooperative effort, involving all the Portuguese Forest and Agricultural Services, was created for this endeavor and coordinated by the National Forestry Station. A total of 191 chestnut stands was surveyed across the entire country. C. parasitica was isolated from 56.5% of the sampling sites (108 sites. Sampled parcels were digitally geo-referenced and mapped. In addition, a collection of C. parasitica isolates has been established and the study of the molecular variability of C. parasitica in Portugal is underway.Cryphonectria parasitica, o fungo responsável pelo cancro do castanheiro, foi descrito pela primeira vez em Portugal (1929 em amostras da casca de Castanea crenata, provenientes da Beira Interior. Depois da detecção inicial, apenas em 1989, dois focos da doença foram encontrados em castanheiro Europeu, C. sativa, na província de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro. Para determinar a distribuição actual do cancro do castanheiro em Portugal (continente e Regiões Autónomas da Madeira e Açores, foi implementado um programa nacional de monitorização da doença. Para o efeito houve intensa cooperação entre os Serviços Florestais e Agrícolas do país, com coordenação da Estação Florestal Nacional. Foram visitadas, em todo o país, 191 parcelas de castanheiro. C. parasitica foi isolado em 56,5% da amostragem (108 parcelas. As parcelas amostradas foram digitalmente georeferenciadas e cartografadas. Uma colecção de isolados de C. parasitica foi estabelecida

  16. Investigação, desenvolvimento e produção de biomateriais em Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Aguiar, Cânia Leonardo

    2014-01-01

    Os dispositivos médicos aliados à tecnologia médica vêm assumindo um papel cada vez mais relevante na área da saúde, não só em Portugal mas em todo o mundo. Os dispositivos médicos desenvolvidos e disponíveis no mercado são usados para tratar, aumentar ou substituir a totalidade ou parte de um grande conjunto de tecidos e estruturas do corpo humano. Apesar do enorme sucesso até agora alcançado, os biomateriais ainda podem evoluir para responder de forma mais adequada às necessidades médicas e...

  17. Space Radar Image of Lisbon, Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-01-01

    This radar image of Lisbon, Portugal illustrates the different land use patterns that are present in coastal Portugal. Lisbon, the national capital, lies on the north bank of the Rio Tejo where the river enters the Atlantic Ocean. The city center appears as the bright area in the center of the image. The green area west of the city center is a large city park called the Parque Florestal de Monsanto. The Lisbon Airport is visible east of the city. The Rio Tejo forms a large bay just east of the city. Many agricultural fields are visible as a patchwork pattern east of the bay. Suburban housing can be seen on the southern bank of the river. Spanning the river is the Ponte 25 de Abril, a large suspension bridge similar in architecture to San Francisco's Golden Gate Bridge. The image was acquired on April 19, 1994 and is centered at 38.8 degrees north latitude, 9.2 degrees west longitude. North is towards the upper right. The image is 50 kilometers by 30 kilometers (31 miles by 19 miles). The colors in this image represent the following radar channels and polarizations: red is L-band, horizontally transmitted and received; green is L-band, horizontally transmitted and vertically received; and blue is C-band, horizontally transmitted and vertically received. SIR-C/X-SAR, a joint mission of the German, Italian, and the United States space agencies, is part of NASA's Mission to Planet Earth.

  18. Developments in Public Accounting in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria José da Silva Fernandes

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available In Portugal we are assisting, since the nineties, to the reform of all public accounting, having as main innovations the utilization of double entry system and the obligatoryness to implement three accounting systems: budget accounting, patrimonial and cost accounting. In the systems of patrimonial and cost accounting, it will be used the accrual systems. The publication of the first Public Accounting Plan (POCP in 1997 identifies the change from a traditional public accounting, which main objective was the execution and budgetary control to a modern public accounting with economical, financial and patrimonial information that serves as basis to the decision making and to the evaluation of public entities concerning the efficient, effective utilization and economy of the public resources, contributing, this way, to the implementation of the New Public Management. The objective of this work has two perspectives: to describe and analyze the situation in Portugal concerning the public accounting reform and to present some results consequent to twelve years of implementation.

  19. CHINESE ENTREPRENEURIAL ACTIVITY IN PORTUGAL: TRADITIONAL ETHNIC STRATEGIES?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catarina Reis Oliveira

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available In Portugal in recent decades, just like in other welcoming countries, immigrants have reached levels of entrepreneurial activity that are higher than those of autochthonous citizens. However, a deeper analysis of the official data shows that not all immigrant groups have the same tendency to become entrepreneurs. In this respect, the Chinese stand out as being the group with the highest ratio of entrepreneurial activity in Portugal, despite the fact that their migration is a relatively recent phenomenon. What factors can explain the Chinese community’s disproportionate rate of entrepreneurial initiative? Do they possess any particular resources that make them more enterprising than the autochthonous population, or than other groups of immigrants? Does the context of Portugal hamper certain opportunities or in some way limit their economic integration into the job market? Do we find similar business strategies among other Chinese entrepreneurs residing in welcoming societies apart from that of Portugal? Why did Chinese business initiative grow at such an exceptional rate in Portugal in the late 1990s? By seeking answers to these questions, this article attempts to examine Chinese business strategies in Portugal, as well as their exceptional success rate in comparison with other entrepreneurial immigrants. To that end, the author has analysed the data gathered in a survey carried out on 309 Chinese entrepreneurs resident in Portugal (see Oliveira, 2005.

  20. A imagem da marca Portugal: comparação Portugal e Canadá

    OpenAIRE

    Verissimo, Angela Marina Janeiro

    2012-01-01

    O presente estudo pretende identificar a imagem da marca de Portugal como nação. Após uma revisão exaustiva da literatura existente na área de branding de nações e imagem do país, foi desenvolvido um modelo concetual com a intenção de avaliar a imagem do mesmo em várias dimensões . Pretende-se também, identifcar as perceções cognitivas e afetivas associadas a Portugal. Deste modo, foi desenvolvido um questionário online que foi adminstrado a uma amostra doméstica e estrangeira. Os resultados ...

  1. A Política de Quotas em Portugal: O papel dos partidos políticos e do feminismo de Estado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosa Monteiro

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available A designada Lei da Paridade representa um marco importantíssimo na promoção da igualdade de mulheres e homens em Portugal. A sua relevância advém de vários factores, dentre os quais se destaca o seu impacto num sistema eleitoral que a inércia do sistema político-partidário tem sido incapaz de alterar. Na análise do surgimento das políticas de quotas em Portugal, o papel do principal mecanismo oficial para a igualdade, ou seja, da Comissão para a Cidadania e a Igualdade de Género, e das suas redes não tem sido estudado. Ora, como refere Mona Lena Krook, esforços para aumentar o número de mulheres em cargos políticos raramente acontecem na ausência de mobilização de mulheres. Adoptando a abordagem do feminismo de Estado, exploro aqui o papel da Comissão como uma entidade decisiva na apresentação das reivindicações feministas perante o Estado, um papel que tem sido sistematicamente ignorado, e explicito a forma como este mecanismo e as associações de mulheres em seu torno contribuíram para a promoção da agenda da participação das mulheres na política em Portugal.

  2. Clusius In Portugal: One voyage, Multiple Encounters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teresa Nobre de Carvalho

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available From 1564 to 1565, Clusius (1526-1609 travelled to the Iberican Peninsula as the tutor of the young heir of the Függers. This journey, which lasted nearly a year, took the two men to the most important cities in the Peninsula. If strolling through the Portuguese countryside demonstrated the peculiarities of the local flora to the botanist, the decreed visit to Lisbon offered many surprising experiences. The encounter with the work recently arrived from the Orient —Colóquios dos Simples e Drogas he Cousas Mediçinais da Índia, by Garcia de Orta (Goa, 1563— awakened his interest. The present article weaves together considerations on the multiple impacts that the botanist’s voyage to Portugal caused in European science of the time.

  3. Occupational exposure in Portugal in 1999

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study reports the occupational radiation doses for external exposure received in 1999 by the radiation workers monitored by the Radiological Protection and Nuclear Safety Department (DPRSN) in Portugal. Occupational exposures arise from conventional industry, research laboratories, the health or medical sector, and mining. There are no nuclear power plants in the country. There are two dosimetry systems running simultaneously at DPRSN, one based on film dosimetry and the other on thermoluminescence dosimetry (TLD). In 1999, 8400 persons were monitored, 3100 with film and 5300 with TLD and the data presented in this report were obtained by using both technologies. The annual mean effective doses received from external radiation in the different fields of activity and the distribution of the annual effective dose by dose intervals are presented. The collective annual dose by field of activity is estimated and the contribution to the total annual collective dose is determined. (author)

  4. Financial Report on the Internet in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Raquel Pinto Alves

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available In the last decade, the advances in communication and information technologies dramaticallychanged the information flow and our notions of time and space. The Internet has been changingthe information policy of companies world-wide. Basically in all developed countries,companies are increasingly using the Internet to provide their financial information. Thisresearch presents an empirical study aiming to analyze the organization and informationprovided on the financial report of the 250 most profitable companies in Portugal, particularlytheir financial statements published on the Internet. After the observation and in-depth analysisof the websites of the above-mentioned companies, for the year 2002, it was concluded that 119companies (48% had a webpage on the internet. In what concerns the disclosure of financialinformation, only 51 (43% out of the 119 companies had some kind of financial informationstated on their websites.

  5. Conhecer os utilizadores de Homebanking em Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Negas, Mário Carrilho; Lopes, José Martinho

    2012-01-01

    O artigo tem como objetivo caracterizar os utilizadores dos serviços de homebanking em Portugal, e identificar quais as operações bancárias mais realizadas no âmbito do serviço de homebanking. A análise da população portuguesa quanto à utilização dos meios eletrónicos bancários divide-a em três grupos distintos: os utilizadores da banca tradicional, que apenas se relacionam com o seu banco deslocando-se à agência física; os utilizadores da primeira geração de canais eletrónicos, como as Caixa...

  6. Chrysothrix flavovirens, Lepraria elobata, and Ochrolechia arborea new to Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Rodrigues, SA; Tonsberg, T; Terron-Alfonso, A; Soares, AMVM

    2011-01-01

    Chrysothrix flavovirens, Lepraria elobata, and Ochrolechia arborea are reported as new to Portugal, based on surveys carried out in pine forests along the Portuguese coast. Data on the distribution, secondary products and ecology of the species are presented.

  7. Emprego flexível em Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kovács Ilona

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo, baseado nalguns dos resultados de um projecto de investigação em curso, tem por objectivo analisar a difusão do emprego flexível em Portugal e mostrar a sua diversidade. A difusão de formas flexíveis de emprego insere-se nos processos de reestruturação produtiva e flexibilização do mercado de trabalho no contexto da intensificação da concorrência na economia global. Recorrendo a dados estatísticos procede-se a uma análise da difusão e da evolução de algumas das formas mais relevantes de emprego flexível em Portugal, tais como o trabalho com contratos de duração determinada, o trabalho temporário, o trabalho independente e o trabalho a tempo parcial. Os trabalhadores com emprego flexível têm níveis de satisfação bastante inferiores aos dos trabalhadores com emprego estável. No entanto, o emprego flexível não abrange situações de emprego homogéneas, mas situações muito diversificadas que são apresentadas através de uma tipologia de situações de emprego flexível e uma tipologia de trajectórias profissionais.

  8. Seasonal precipitation extreme indices in mainland Portugal: trends and variability in the period 1941-2007

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santo, Fátima E.; Ramos, Alexandre M.; de Lima, M. Isabel P.; Trigo, Ricardo M.

    2013-04-01

    Changes in the precipitation regimes are expected to be accompanied by variations in the occurrence of extreme events, which in turn could be related to low frequency variability. The impact on the society and environment requires that the regional specificities are understood. For mainland Portugal, this work reports the results of the analysis of trends in selected precipitation indices calculated from daily precipitation data from 57 meteorological stations, recorded in the period 1941-2007; additionally we have also investigated the correlations between these indices and several modes of low frequency variability over the area. We focus on exploring regional differences and seasonal variations in the intensity, frequency and duration of extreme precipitation events. The precipitation indices were assessed at the seasonal scale and calculated at both the station and regional scales. Results sometimes highlight marked changes in seasonal precipitation and show that: i) trends in spring and autumn have opposite signals: statistically significant drying trends in the spring are accompanied by a reduction in precipitation extremes; in autumn, wetting trends are detected for all precipitation indices, although overall they are not significant at the 5% level; ii) there seems to be a tendency for a reduction in the duration of the rainy season; iii) the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) is the mode of variability that has the highest influence on precipitation extremes over mainland Portugal, particularly in the winter and autumn, and is one of the most important teleconnection patterns in all seasons. This work was partially supported by FEDER (Fundo Europeu de Desenvolvimento Regional) funds through the COMPETE (Programa Operacional Factores de Competitividade) and by national funds through FCT (Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, Portugal) through project STORMEx FCOMP-01-0124-FEDER-019524 (PTDC/AAC-CLI/121339/2010).

  9. A comparative analysis of tourism destination demand in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Serra, Jaime; Correia, Antónia; Rodrigues, PMM

    2014-01-01

    Tourism has experienced different levels of development in the different regions of Portugal.To frame this development, in this paper dynamic panel data models were estimated with the objective of explaining the evolution of international overnightstays in each region. Secondary data from 2000 to 2011 was used.The analysis includes the main tourism source markets for Portugal, such as the United Kingdom, Germany, the Netherlands, Ireland, France and Spain. The tourism literature suggest...

  10. A comparative analysis of tourism destination demand in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Serra, Jaime; Correia, Antónia; Paulo M.M. Rodrigues

    2014-01-01

    Tourism has experienced different levels of development in the different regions of Portugal.To frame this development, in this paper dynamic panel data models were estimated with the objective of explaining the evolution of international overnight stays in each region.Secondary data from 2000 to 2011 was used.The analysis includes the main tourism source markets for Portugal, such as the United Kingdom, Germany,the Netherlands, Ireland, France and Spain. The tourism literature suggests that,...

  11. Migrant Breadwinning: Experiences of Eastern European Women in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Hellermann, Christiane

    2012-01-01

    In my research I examine the situation of women from Eastern Europe who migrate alone to Portugal. Many had to leave behind their families and children. This Thesis explores the women's decisions for leaving their home countries, and looks at the experiences and challenges they face in Portugal. The impact of the women's often undocumented legal status and the precarious work conditions is explained. Central to the Thesis is the migrants' possibilities for agency and the meaning of migration ...

  12. Zika virus infections imported from Brazil to Portugal, 2015

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Zé-Zé

    2016-01-01

    Here, we present the clinical and laboratory aspects related to the first four imported human cases of Zika virus in Portugal from Brazil, and alert, regarding the high level of traveling between Portugal and Brazil, and the ongoing expansion of this virus in the Americas, for the threat for Zika virus introduction in Europe and the possible introduction to Madeira Island where Aedes aegypti is present.

  13. Les clusters régionaux au Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Regina Salvador; Joana Chorincas

    2006-01-01

    This article aims to analyse local productive systems in Portugal, according to the four points diamond methodology proposed by Michael Porter: ‘factor conditions’, ‘demand conditions’, ‘related sectors’ and ‘strategy, structure and competition’. Held the strong and weak points of regional clusters in Portugal, we analyze regional policies effectiveness and articulation, since European accession. Once we have identified the factors that had harmed the development of the local productive syste...

  14. What said the new economic geography about Portugal?

    OpenAIRE

    Martinho, Vítor João Pereira Domingues

    2011-01-01

    With this work we try to analyse the agglomeration process in Portugal, using the New Economic Geography models, in a linear and in a non linear way. In a non linear way, of referring, as summary conclusion, that with this work the existence of increasing returns to scale and low transport cost, in the Portuguese regions, was proven and, because this, the existence of agglomeration in Portugal. This work aims, also, to study the Portuguese regional agglomeration process, using the linear form...

  15. Diffusion of mobile phones in Portugal: unexpected success?

    OpenAIRE

    Carvalho, Adão

    2006-01-01

    This paper begins with a somewhat paradoxical situation: Portugal is one of the less innovative countries within the European Union by most innovation indicators but, simultaneously, it is a leading country in the diffusion of mobile phones. The remarkable evolution of the mobile telecommunications sector over the last 15 years turns the issue a little more intriguing. This paper addresses the diffusion of mobile phones in Portugal and focuses particularly on the take-off stage, which sign...

  16. KLIMHIST: A Project on Historical Climatology in Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fragoso, Marcelo; João Alcoforado, Maria; Santos, João A.

    2013-04-01

    Climatic variability from the beginning of regular meteorological observations is now acknowledged. However, climate change prior to 1900 is far from being well known in Portugal, except for the 1675-1800 period in Southern Portugal. An interdisciplinary team is working in the frame of the KLIMHIST PROJECT ("Reconstruction and model simulations of past climate in Portugal using documentary and early instrumental sources, 17th-19th century)", since May 2012. The main objectives of the project are: (i) to contribute to the creation of a long-term history of climate in Portugal by producing databases of documentary evidence and of instrumental data since 1645, a period of natural climate variability that includes the Maunder Minimum and the Dalton Minimum; (ii) to search systematically for the first simultaneous documentary and instrumental data in order to calibrate the series; (iii) to analyse simulated multi-decadal trends over Portugal generated by climate models; (iv) to compare results with those obtained from dendroclimatology and from geothermal studies regarding Portugal and (v) to study extreme events of the past, their impacts and the vulnerability of societies to weather during the last 350 years, and compare them with current analogues. With these tasks, we expect to help completing the spatial coverage of past European climate, as the data gap over SW Europe is often mentioned. As the team members come from four different Universities in Portugal (Évora, Lisbon, Oporto and UTAD), we expect to obtain a good spatial representation of documentary evidence. Teams are now progressing in data search activities in archives. An Access database frame was constructed. Some 18th century extreme events have been and are being studied (Barbara storm, Dec.1739, among others). The first workshop took place in Lisbon (October 2012): Prof Brázdil and Dr. Domínguez-Castro (two of our consultants) were keynote speakers. Key-words: Climate reconstruction, Documentary

  17. Sun, Sand, Sea & Bikini. Arquitectura e turismo: Portugal anos 60

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susana Lobo

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available “Anos de Ruptura”, a década de 1960 marca, em Portugal, um importante ponto de viragem na transição para a democracia. A “derrota” de Humberto Delgado nas eleições presidenciais de 1958, o deflagrar da Guerra Colonial, o crescente êxodo rural e a emigração económica e política, as lutas estudantis, o Marcelismo e a abertura ao investimento exterior, assim como a generalização de importantes benefícios sociais, como o direito a férias pagas, testemunham profundas transformações na sociedade portuguesa, com inevitáveis repercussões na organização do território. A par da suburbanização dos principais centros populacionais do país, o advento de um turismo de massas será o principal motor dessa nova ordem espacial, assistindo‑se ao ensaio de novos modelos urbanísticos e arquitectónicos que iriam revolucionar o panorama disciplinar nacional. É sobre o impacto do fenómeno turístico na actividade dos arquitectos portugueses e, consequentemente, na sua relação com a sociedade e os mecanismos de produção capitalista dos anos sessenta que o presente artigo se propõe reflectir, na perspectiva de relançar o debate, então adiado, acerca das implicações físicas e culturais do lazer na colonização da paisagem.

  18. Análise estratégica da indústria de veículos pesados de mercadorias em Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Paixão, João Ricardo Azeredo Lopes de Moura

    2013-01-01

    Este relatório foi construído com o principal objectivo de identificar, caracterizar e analisar o estado actual da indústria de veículos pesados de mercadorias em Portugal, de modo a que esta informação possa servir de ferramenta para o auxílio à tomada de decisão da Auto Sueco Portugal. A estrutura deste documento começa com um primeiro capítulo de Revisão Bibliográfica, que serve de base teórica para a elaboração da Análise da Macroenvolvente e da Indústria (capítulo 2), Análise da Rivalida...

  19. Economic analysis of rivaroxaban for the treatment and long-term prevention of venous thromboembolism in Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santos, Isabel Fonseca; Pereira, Sónia; McLeod, Euan; Guillermin, Anne-Laure; Chatzitheofilou, Ismini

    2014-01-01

    Introdução: O tromboembolismo venoso representa uma carga substancial para os sistemas de saúde. O objectivo foi estimar os resultados clínicos e económicos a longo-prazo associados a rivaroxabano relativamente à prática clínica (enoxaparina/varfarina) no tratamento e prevenção secundária de tromboembolismo venoso em Portugal.Material e Métodos: Foi desenvolvido um modelo de Markov baseado nos ensaios clínicos EINSTEIN e dados da literatura para complicações a longo-prazo. Foram avaliados custos e anos de vida ajustados pela qualidade de vida totais e incrementais e rácio custo-efectividade incremental. As indicações trombose venosa profunda e embolismo pulmonar foram analisados separadamente. Adoptou-se a perspectiva da sociedade portuguesa e um horizonte temporal de cinco anos. Aplicou-se uma taxa de actualização de cinco por cento para custos e consequências. Foram desenvolvidas análises de sensibilidade e diversas análises de cenário para avaliação da variação dos resultados em função de determinados pressupostos.Resultados: Rivaroxabano está associado a menores custos na trombose venosa profunda e constitui uma alternativa associada a menores custos e a maior eficácia no tratamento de embolismo pulmonar, relativamente a enoxaparina/varfarina.Discussão: O recurso a um painel de peritos para identificação de alguns recursos e a ausência de utilidades específicas para Portugal constituem as principais limitações.Conclusão: Rivaroxabano constitui uma alternativa eficaz, estando associado a menores custos (para ambas as indicações) e a mais anos de vida ajustados pela qualidade de vida (para embolismo pulmonar) relativamente a enoxaparina/varfarina em Portugal.

  20. [Characterization and Evolution of Avoidable Admissions in Portugal: The Impact of Two Methodologic Approaches].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarmento, João; Alves, Conceição; Oliveira, Paula; Sebastião, Rita; Santana, Rui

    2015-01-01

    Introdução: O objectivo deste estudo é avaliar a performance dos sistemas de saúde através dos internamentos evitáveis, dado que estes têm vindo a ganhar importância a nível internacional. Foram utilizadas duas metodologias distintas para a identificação dos internamentos por Ambulatory Care Sensitive Conditions, fazendo uma descrição da realidade e a evolução destes em Portugal. Material e Métodos: Analisámos mais de 12 milhões de internamentos entre 2000 e 2012, utilizando as bases de dados de resumos de alta nacionais. Utilizaram-se duas metodologias de identificação das Ambulatory Care Sensitive Conditions, determinando a sua concordância. Calculámos cenários de melhoria potencial. Resultados: Em 2012, 4,4% e 32,5% dos internamentos por causas médicas seriam evitáveis segundo a metodologia canadiana e espanhola respectivamente. Os internamentos são mais frequentes nas crianças e nos idosos, divergindo as suas causas de acordo com o grupo etário e a metodologia utilizada. A taxa de internamentos no período em análise diminuiu 20% segundo a metodologia canadiana e aumentou 16% segundo a espanhola. Existem agregados regionais de performance acima e abaixo da média nacional. A concord ncia entre as duas metodologias é baixa. Estimaram-se reduções potenciais entre 20,3% e 53,5% dos internamentos.Discussão: Os internamentos evitáveis assumem um volume considerável em Portugal. Apesar de em teoria serem evitáveis a sua eliminação por completo não é uma possibilidade prática, no entanto, o seu estudo possibilita a avaliação e monitorização de resultados e o estabelecimento de prioridades de intervenção. Conclusão: Para uma caracterização mais precisa dos internamentos evitáveis é necessário consensualizar em Portugal a metodologia para a sua identificação.

  1. O crowdfunding como financiamento do jornalismo de investigação em Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Maria Fonseca

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo analiza el crowdfunding aplicado al periodismo de investigación como alternativa a los modelos tradicionales de financiación periodística en Portugal. El principal objetivo es inferir acerca de las potencialidades de desarrollo del crowdfunding como financiación del periodismo de investigación portugués. Para ello, con base en investigación empírica, se contextualiza el crowdfunding, se analizan las causas y las consecuencias del descenso pronunciado del periodismo de investigación portugués, así como sus impactos, y se analiza, basándose en la metodología estudio de caso, una plataforma portuguesa dedicada a recibir proyectos periodísticos. Como principales resultados, se destacan la aún incipiente capacidad emprendedora de los periodistas en Portugal y la necesidad futura de que sus programas curriculares en la educación superior en este país incluyan unidades curriculares de economía y de emprendimiento en su formación académica en el nivel de licenciatura, maestría y doctorado, a fin de aumentar el potencial emprendedor del periodista en la actualidad y de desarrollar el periodismo de investigación.

  2. Orientação para o Mercado no Segmento Hoteleiro: o caso português

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Barata Raposo

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Resumo O objectivo deste estudo foi medir o grau de orientação para o mercado dos maiores grupos hoteleiros de Portugal. Após uma breve explanação sobre a orientação para o mercado e o segmento hoteleiro em Portugal apresentou-se um estudo empírico realizado junto dos maiores 20 grupos de hotéis de Portugal, utilizando como instrumento de colecta de dados, a tradicional escala Markor (Market orientation adaptada ao sector hoteleiro. Constatou-se nas organizações investigadas uma boa capacidade de geração de informações de mercado e resposta ao mercado. Porém os resultados obtidos com o constructo da disseminação de informações de mercado ficaram abaixo das expetactivas. Portanto, o desafio actual para as principais redes de hotéis de Portugal é propiciar a melhoria da disseminação interna das informações que os profissionais de marketing recolhem junto ao mercado. Palavras-chave: gestão do marketing; orientação para o mercado; markor; sector hoteleiro em Portugal. Abstract The objective of this study was to measure level of orientation for the market of the largest hotel groups of Portugal. After a brief explanation on the market orientation and the hotel segment in Portugal an empiric study was presented performed with the largest groups of 20 hotels of Portugal, using as an instrument of collection data, the traditional Markor scale (market orientation adapted to the hotel sector. It was found in the investigated organizations a good capacity to generate market information and response to the market. However the results obtained with the construct of the dissemination of market information were below the expectations. So the current challenge for the main networks of hotels in Portugal is to improve the internal dissemination of information that marketing professionals gathered at the market. Keywords: marketing management, orientation to the market, markor, hotel sector in Portugal.

  3. Cuentos y leyendas de España y Portugal / Spanish-portuguese tales’ collections

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enrique Barcia Mendo

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: En este trabajo presentamos un análisis de las principales colecciones de cuentos populares de Portugal y España y de las características de los movimientos de recolección, clasificación y estudio de las producciones. Presentamos igualmente los antecedentes teóricos que sustentan las actividades de los folcloristas hispanolusos agrupados en las Sociedades del Folklore de finales del siglo XIX, cuyos objetivos y metodología se consideran junto a sus contribuciones fundamentales. También se muestra el grado de fidelidad etnográfica en las versiones de los distintos recolectores de cuentos, así como las características generales de las colecciones. Nos ocupamos asimismo de ofrecer algunas versiones de cuentos de amplia difusión en la península ibérica y procedemos al trabajo comparativo de los cuentos de Portugal y España. Finalmente, y dada nuestra pertenencia a un Departamento de Didáctica de la Lengua y la Literatura, reflexionamos sobre las posibilidades que ofrecen los cuentos populares hispanolusos para ser utilizados en los contextos educativos.Abstract: The current essay shows an analysis of the main fairy tales’ collections from Portugal and Spain, as well as it analyses the characteristics of the movements of collection, classification and study of the literary works. We also show the theoretical backgrounds that maintain the activities of the Spanish-portuguese folklorists assembled in the Folklore Societies of the end of the nineteenth century, whose objectives and methodology are analysed together with their main contributions. It is also shown the ethnographical fidelity degree in the several tales collectors’ versions, as well as the collections’ main features. We also deal with providing several tales’ versions of a wide spreading in the Iberian Peninsula and we go through the comparison between the tales from Portugal and Spain. Finally, and due to our belonging to the Department of Didactics of

  4. Atracção de investimento numa cidade do interior: Portugal Telecom: data center na Covilhã

    OpenAIRE

    Lopes, Manuel Patrão de Matos

    2012-01-01

    Mestrado em Gestão/ JEL Classification System: O18; R11 As disparidades de desenvolvimento económico-social, têm sido uma realidade bem evidente ao longo da história de Portugal. As sucessivas tentativas em as colmatar têm por diversas vezes apresentado resultados insatisfatórios. O problema persiste, em várias regiões do país, nas quais se inclui o Interior, vítima do progresso desigual. Embora exista discórdia sobre que caminho tomar para atingir o pleno desenvolvimento ...

  5. A liderança de equipes heterogêneas uma investigação na microsoft Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Garcia, Joanna Figueiredo Paraizo

    2012-01-01

    O presente relatório apresenta uma análise sobre dois temas que fazem parte do universo empresarial - a liderança, estudada na realidade organizacional da Microsoft Portugal, e as diferentes estratégias de comunicação utilizadas pelo líder para trabalhar com uma equipe heterogênea, formada por pessoas com objetivos individuais e grupais diversos. A Microsoft Corporation é uma multinacional norte-americana fundada por Bill Gates e Paul Allen em 1975 e atua no setor de tecnolo...

  6. O olhar cirúrgico de Ransome-Wallis sobre o caminhode-Ferro do Monte (Madeira, Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Bonito

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Ransome-Wallis foi um dos fotógrafos entusiasta, a título individual, na época áurea da fotografia ferroviária da década de 1920 na Europa. Passou pela ilha da Madeira, fotografando o Comboio do Monte na cidade do Funchal. Neste trabalho dá-se conta de vivências relatadas pelo fotógrafo e revelam-se fotografias suas pouco conhecidas, contribuindo para a construção da história do caminho de ferro em Portugal.

  7. Nuevas especies de Pythium que causan podredumbre radical de Quercus en España y Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Vicente, M.; Serrano, M.S.; Sánchez Hernández, Esperanza; Trapero Casas, Antonio; Jiménez, J.J.; Fernández, P.

    2008-01-01

    Pythium spiculum, una nueva especie recientemente descrita, se viene aislando desde 2003 de raíces y rizosfera de Quercus rotundifolia y Q. suber que sufren decaimiento en el sur de España y Portugal. En los suelos donde crecen formaciones de Quercus, esta especie ha sido aislada con frecuencias similares a las encontradas para Phytophthora cinnamomi, especie que, hasta el momento, ha sido el único oomiceto descrito como patógeno radical de Quercus en esta región. Las inoculaciones artificial...

  8. King João II of Portugal “O Principe Perfeito” and the Jews (1481-1495

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soyer, François

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available King João II (1481-1495 is chiefly remembered in Portuguese historiography as the first “modern” King of Portugal and a monarch who vigorously worked to restore the status of the Portuguese Crown, weakened during the reign of his father Afonso V (1438-1481. In Jewish historiography, however, João II has become infamous for his persecution of the Jews who came to Portugal after their expulsion from Castile in 1492 as well as his order to seize Jewish children from their parents so that they could be converted to Christianity and sent to colonize the Island of São Tomé. Using Hebrew, Spanish and Portuguese sources, this article examines in detail the nature of the relations that existed between João II and the Jews, both those who were natives of Portugal as well as the Jewish exiles from Castile.

    El rey João II es recordado en la historiografía portuguesa principalmente como el primer rey «moderno» de Portugal, y un monarca que trabajó enérgicamente para restaurar el estatus de la Corona, debilitada durante el reinado de su padre Afonso V (1438-1481. Sin embargo, la historiografía judía ha construido una imagen del rey como infame por su persecución de los judíos expulsos llegados de Castilla en 1492, así como por la orden de sustracción de niños judíos a sus progenitores para usarlos en la colonización de la isla de São Tomé. Mediante el uso de fuentes hebreas, hispánicas y portuguesas, este artículo examina de forma detallada la naturaleza de las relaciones existentes entre João II y los judíos, tanto de los que eran nativos de Portugal, como de los castellanos exiliados.

  9. Instrumentos de Actuación para el Desarrollo Sostenible a nivel Local en Portugal. Reflexión sobre la Integración Metodológica de los “Planos Municipais de Ordenamento do Território», Las Agendas 21 Locales y el Reglamento Europeo EMAS

    OpenAIRE

    Gonçalves, Artur

    2005-01-01

    Este trabajo pretende, desde la realidad portuguesa, evaluar comparativamente las características y los contribuíos individuales de cada uno de los mencionados instrumentos, buscando establecer posibles relaciones y compatibilidades, y elaborando recomendaciones para la integración de sus características y componentes. Desde esta perspectiva este trabajo pretende contribuir para la comprensión de estos documentos, señalando algunos elementos de su potencial integración en su metodología. El D...

  10. Formação cidadã do enfermeiro : estudo comparativo sobre a capacitação do enfermeiro para a cidadania, na formação graduada, em Portugal e no Brasil (cidade de São Paulo)

    OpenAIRE

    Barchifontaine, Christian de Paul de

    2014-01-01

    Motivado pela familiaridade com a bioética e entendendo que o enfermeiro é um profissional da saúde comprometido com a cidadania, propusemos o presente estudo, que explora a força da bioética como ponte para a formação cidadã do enfermeiro. Investigamos como o ensino da bioética na licenciatura / graduação de enfermagem pode contribuir para formar um enfermeiro comprometido com a saúde da população. Esse compromisso vai além do cuidado nas instituições, abrangendo, também, as ...

  11. Bases para a quantificação dos custos e benefícios inerentes à aplicação do Regulamento Legal da Poluição Sonora às Infra-Estruturas Rodoviárias em Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Macieirinha, Carla Joana Ferreira Montenegro de Andrade

    2013-01-01

    Dissertação apresentada para obtenção do grau de Mestre em Engenharia Civil (Área de especialização de Vias de Comunicação), na Faculdade de Engenharia da Unversidade do Porto, sob a orientação dos Profs. Doutores A.P. Oliveira de Carvalho e Pires da Costa

  12. Estrangeiros e criminalidade em Portugal : o papel da nacionalidade na decisão judicial

    OpenAIRE

    Amorim, Sara Andreia Vassalo Abreu Vieitas de

    2011-01-01

    Dissertação de mestrado em Administração da Justiça O estudo da relação entre estrangeiros e criminalidade tem vindo a ganhar relevância à medida que o sentimento global de insegurança e a “ameaça racial” se vão tornando mais comuns. Ainda que Portugal apenas recentemente se tenha tornado um país de acolhimento de imigrantes, a preocupação com a sua influência negativa na sociedade, nomeadamente da sua contribuição para o aumento dos índices de criminalidade, já existe. E ap...

  13. Estudos cromossómicos em Pteridophyta de Portugal, III

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Queirós, Margarida

    1997-12-01

    Full Text Available Chromosome numbers of nine taxa of Pteridophyta from Portugal are reported. Earlier counts of seven of these taxa have been carried out on material from other Portuguese places. Polypodium vulgare L. and P. interjectum Shivas is now first studied under the caryological point of view.

    Se ha estudiado el número cromosómico gamético de nueve táxones de Pteridophyta portugueses, siete de los cuales coinciden con los datos indicados anteriormente para otras localidades del país. Se dan a conocer por primera vez, en material portugués, los siguientes: Polypodium vulgare L. y P. Interjectum Shivas.

  14. Identity Reconfiguration of Immigrants in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Vieira

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available The starting point is the principle that there is no immigrant culture, but rather, different ways of living, coexisting and identifying oneself within the cultural worlds that each subject crosses on his or her social path. Here we study Brazilian immigrants in Portugal, working with the first wave (starting at the end of the 1980s and the second wave (at the turn of the 20th to 21st century. We intend, firstly, to show how identity is reconstructed between two banks: the departure culture and the arrival culture. Secondly, we intend to give a voice to the most silent in the understanding of immigrants: the process of identity reconstruction of Brazilian immigrants is presented, resulting from ethno-biographic interviews. We will consider the cultural transfusion theory and observe the heterogeneous ways of living between cultures, whether by rejecting the departure culture (the Oblato‘s case, refusing the arrival one at a given moment (the mono-cultural subject according to the source culture, living in an ambivalent manner between the two (the multicultural self, or, finally, inventing a third bank, as the poets say, which corresponds to an attitude of including the cultural differences through which one crosses during his or her life history in an intercultural self (the Intercultural Transfuga.

  15. Forest Intervention Areas (ZIF): a new approach for forest management in Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valente, S.; Coelho, C.; Soares, J.

    2012-04-01

    management and protection. Each ZIF of private forest has to include at least a contiguous area of 750 ha, 50 landowners and 100 forest plots, and has to be managed by a single body, defined by ZIF members. This approach aims to increase forest management, reducing fire occurrence, and to improve productivity in forest areas, contributing to rural development. From 2005 till now, 143 ZIF were published, representing more than 735,000 ha organized in ZIF and corresponding to 8% of national territory and to 21% of the total forest in Portugal. However there is still a giant step to be given towards implementation. A survey (2) implemented to national and local stakeholders and also to a sample of the local community demonstrated the consensus around problems that affect forest sector at Mação, where forest fires were the most mentioned issue. Until now, five ZIF were published by law for Mação municipality. ZIF approach was recognized by all the stakeholders, included in the survey, and by half of the respondents from the community. The initial enthusiasm about this approach and its potential is fading due to the absence of effective implementation of measures and actions within a ZIF area. (1) DESIRE Project (037046): Desertification Mitigation and Remediation of land - a global approach for local solutions, EU-funded project (2007-2012; http://www.desire-project.eu/). (2) This survey was developed under the framework of a PhD. research (SFRH/BD/47056/2008) funded by FCT - Fundação para a Ciência e para a Tecnologia.

  16. Dom Pedro I of Brazil and IV of Portugal epilepsy and peculiar behavior Epilepsia e comportamento peculiar de Dom Pedro I do Brasil e IV de Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marleide da Mota Gomes

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available We present medical issues related to Dom Pedro de Alcântara Bragança e Bourbon (1798-1834, first Emperor of Brazil. This is made by means of narrative revision on historical facts starting from primary and secondary sources. Dom Pedro presented familiar incidence of epilepsy. His seizures were relatively benign and scattered, supposedly started at the age of 13: idiophatic epilepsy with generalized tonic-clonic seizures only or juvenile myoclonic epilepsy. He also had behavioral disorder characterized by hypersexuality, agitation and impulsiveness. It could have facilitated his opportunistic behavior necessary of daring to transgress the conservatism of the Portuguese crown, to create the constitutional monarchism in Brazil and in Portugal.Apresentamos aspectos médicos relacionadas a Dom Pedro de Alcântara Bragança e Bourbon (1798-1834, primeiro Imperador do Brasil. Isso é feito por meio de revisão narrativa sobre fatos históricos baseados em fontes primárias ou secundárias. Dom Pedro apresentou epilepsia de incidência familiar. Suas crises eram relativamente benignas e esparsas, de início provavelmente aos 13 anos: epilepsia idiopática generalizada com crises tônico-clônicas apenas ou epilepsia mioclônica juvenil. Ele também tinha transtorno do comportamento caracterizado por hipersexualidade, agitação e impulsividade. Isso pode ter facilitado seu comportamento oportunístico necessário para ousar a transgredir o conservadorismo da coroa portuguesa e criar o monarquismo constitucional no Brasil e em Portugal.

  17. A deficiente informação aumenta os riscos dos pesticidas em Portugal The deficient information increase the pesticides risks in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Amaro

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available O risco do uso dos pesticidas agrícolas ser aceitável depende da adopção de rigorosas medidas de segurança definidas pela UE. Esta problemática, em Portugal, é muito preocupante em consequência de graves ilegalidades, como o não funcionamento da CATPF há 5 anos e da sistemática prática, a nível oficial (ex: DGPC/DGADR e Serviços de Avisos e das empresas de pesticidas, da política de esconder a informação essencial para: a selecção dos pesticidas menos perigosos; o conhecimento das indispensáveis medidas de mitigação do risco; e a adequada formação de técnicos e de agricultores.The pesticide risk could be acceptable if mitigation measures decided by EU are adopted. In Portugal that problematic is quite difficult in consequence of graves illegalities, as the CATPF 5 years not working and the systematic practice, at official level (ex: DGPC/DGADR and Warning Service and at pesticides suppliers, of a political to hide the information that is essential to: the pesticides selection of the less dangerous to human health and the environment; the knowledge of indispensable and appropriate measures to reduce those risks as much as possible; and the level of education and training of technicians and farmers.

  18. O sistema de farmacovigilância em Portugal (sua criação e desenvolvimento The pharmacovigilance system in Portugal (establishment and development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana M. Corrêa-Nunes

    1998-10-01

    Full Text Available O perfil de segurança dos medicamentos não é um conceito estático, ele evolui à medida que aumentam os conhecimentos sobre eles coligidos, antes e após a sua comercialização. Por isso, hoje se reconhece como fundamental que todos os países possuam a capacidade de monitorizar de forma contínua a segurança dos fármacos que autorizam. Isso lhes dá a possibilidade de, mediante os dados que vão coletando, ter o conhecimento necessário que lhes permita, quando adequado, modificar as condições previamente estabelecidas para a utilização de um medicamento, protegendo assim a saúde pública. Neste artigo, descreve-se como, na década de 90, está a ser construído um sistema de farmacovigilância em Portugal. Tendo em conta as características do País e a sua inserção na União Européia, são abordados os programas que estamos a utilizar para a inclusão dos notificadores e o modo como o sistema está a ser desenvolvido. Igualmente são apresentados já alguns resultados desses primeiros anos da aplicação desses métodos. Há muitas semelhanças que permitem extrapolar, de país para país, procedimentos nesta área. Outrossim, quando começamos, transpusemos e adaptamos muitas das experiências já testadas por outros.The safety profile of a drug is not a static concept. It progresses and can change on the basis of scientific data gathered before and after it is marketed. Therefore, it is now considered fundamental that all countries have the capacity to continuously monitor the safety of medicines authorized for sale. Based on the resulting and appropriate data, this allows them to alter the previously authorized conditions for use of a given drug as a public health safeguard. This paper describes how a Pharmacovigilance System is being developed in Portugal in the 1990s. The system is being implemented based on our national characteristics and positions within the European Union. The article includes some results from the

  19. Demora desde o aparecimento dos primeiros sintomas até ao diagnóstico da tuberculose pulmonar em Portugal : análise de sobrevivência

    OpenAIRE

    Silva, Marília Bettencourt

    2012-01-01

    RESUMO - O presente estudo tem como objetivo contribuir para a Saúde Pública no controlo da tuberculose pulmonar (TBP), estudando a demora desde o aparecimento dos primeiros sintomas até ao diagnóstico da doença. As consequências da demora no diagnóstico podem ser fatais para os doentes e intensificar a proliferação do bacilo, influenciando a incidência da doença. Este estudo analisou os casos notificados com TBP pelo SVIG-TB, em Portugal Continental, no período de 2000 a 2009, com demora no ...

  20. Census Model Transition: Contributions to its Implementation in Portugal

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    Dias Carlos A.

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Given the high cost and complexity of traditional censuses, some countries have started to change the census process. Following this trend, Portugal is also evaluating a new census model as an alternative to an exhaustive collection of all statistical units. The main motivations for the implementation of this census model transition in Portugal are related to the decrease in statistical burden on citizens, improvements in the frequency of outputs, and the reduction of collection costs associated with census operations. This article seeks to systematise and critically review all alternatives to the traditional census methodologies, presenting their advantages and disadvantages and the countries that use them. As a result of the comparison, we conclude that the methods that best meet these objectives are those that use administrative data, either in whole or in part. We also present and discuss the results of an inventory and evaluation of administrative registers in Portugal with the potential to produce statistical census information.

  1. Contribution of natural gas for sustainable development in Portugal

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    Manuela Sarmento

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Portugal has strongly limited domestic energy resources, since imports almost 90% of its energy needs and its energy production is totally from renewable energy sources. The addition of natural gas to the Portuguese energy mix in 1997 helped to diversify Portugal’s energy sources and is a contribution to the mitigation of environmental problems. In 1997 also ceased the production and use of domestic coal. In fact, Portugal is working to reduce the growth in energy use and CO2 emissions, in order to follow the Kyoto Protocol. This measure can be linked to environmental sustainability policies, creating the opportunity for new business to appear. Natural gas, in some applications, can substitute the electricity, implying a decrease in price. Security of gas supply is an important issue, since Portugal depends mainly on a single supplier. This paper aims at analysing the emerging gas market, (threats and opportunities, its evolution andcomparison with other OECD countries.

  2. CONFLITOS E TRAUMAS NO RENASCIMENTO EM PORTUGAL

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    Nair Castro Soares

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Num século em que a abertura à modernidade trouxe um ardor renovado pelos ideais da Antiguidade Clássica, assimilados aos valores do Cristianismo – raízes da Civilização do Ocidental –,consuma-se a perda de Constantinopla e assiste-se ao crescente domínio turco e à defesa concertada contra o seu avanço; à grande gesta dos Descobrimentos, com as inevitáveis guerras de conquista; à Reforma protestante e às guerras de religião, qual Hidra de Lerna, no dizer de Erasmo; aos conflitos armados entre príncipes cristãos, que Camões interpela no Canto VII de Os Lusíadas.A Reforma de Lutero, Calvino, Henrique VIII fragmentaram a inconsútil túnica de Cristo e puseram fim à unidade da Respublica Christiana, que se tornou em Ocidente dos Estados. Marcantes nesta época foram o pragmatismo político de Maquiavel; o papel da ciência juridica, na definição do direito internacional e do direito dos povos.Em Portugal, muitos foram os conflitos decorrentes da política de expansão e da acção dos sucessivos monarcas, desde os inícios da Segunda Dinastia ao reinado de D. Sebastião: exílios, perseguições, sobretudo a partir da introdução da Inquisição (1536, desastres naturais e, enfim, a perda da independência, a marcar o ocaso do Século de Ouro. 

  3. Morphological and molecular diversity of Unionidae (Mollusca, Bivalvia from Portugal

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    Reis, J.

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Freshwater mussels from the family Unionidae are known to exhibit a high level of ecological phenotypic plasticity that is reflected in their shell shape. This variation has caused uncertainty on systematics and taxonomy of the group. Several naiad populations from nine river basins from Portugal were analyzed genetically, using two mitochondrial gene fragments (16SrRNA and Cytochrome Oxidase I and morphologically, using ANOVA analyses of shell dimmensions. Molecular phylogenetic analyses were used to revise the systematics and to infer an evolutionary hypothesis for the family at the western-most Atlantic Iberian Peninsula. Genetic and morphological data were in agreement and supported the occurrence of 5 species in the region: Anodonta anatina, Anodonta cygnea, Potomida littoralis, Unio tumidiformis and Unio delphinus. The differentiation of all these species, except A. cygnea, is thought to have taken place during the isolation of the Iberian Peninsula and formation of the current river basins in the Tertiary. The possibility of A. cygnea being a relatively recent introduction is discussed. Basic morphometric measures of the shell proved to be useful to separate Unio species, but also seem to be strongly affected by environmental conditions. The high intra-specific morphologic variation was partially related to the species’ high level of phenotypic plasticity, but seems to have an important role in evolutionary processes.Las náyades de la familia Unionidae tienen gran plasticidad fenotípica, lo que se refleja en la forma de su concha. Esta variabilidad morfológica ha sido causa de gran confusión en la taxonomía y sistemática del grupo. Se han estudiado, genética y morfológicamente, numerosas poblaciones de náyades provenientes de nueve cuencas hidrográficas portuguesas. Para ello se han analizando dos fragmentos de genes mitocondriales (ARNr 16S y Citocromo Oxidasa I así como diferentes variables morfológicas de la concha. Se

  4. Antibiotic prescribing for respiratory infections in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Caldeira, Luis; Remísio, Élia; António, Ângela; Aguiar, Pedro; Fonseca, António; Vaz, António Faria; Maria, Vasco

    2004-01-01

    Apresentam-se os resultados de um estudo destinado a caracterizar e avaliar a adequação da prescrição de antibióticos para infecções respiratórias por parte dos médicos de Medicina Geral e Familiar (MF). Para o efeito, foi inquirida, entre os meses de Dezembro de 2001 e Janeiro de 2002, uma amostra aleatória de MF, estratificada por etapas sucessivas, quanto ao tipo de antibiótico prescrito em infecções do foro respiratório. Participaram no estudo, enviando pelo menos uma ficha adequadamente ...

  5. Los nemertinos de España y Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Herrera Bachiller, Alfonso

    2016-01-01

    Texto en español, y artículos en inglés y español Este trabajo es el primer compendio de la fauna de nemertinos de España y Portugal, lo que puede dar una buena idea de las dificultades que presenta su estudio y determinación. No son escasos o raros en los estudios bentónicos, pero raramente son determinados y muy frecuentemente sólo se identifican como miembros del filo (Nemertea sp.). En la siguiente memoria se engloban una serie de trabajos sobre los nemertinos de España y Portugal. El ...

  6. The Feminization of the Judiciary in Portugal: Dilemmas and Paradoxes

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    Madalena Duarte

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In recent decades, a significant transformation in the legal professions has been its increasing feminization. However, if in other countries we can find relevant studies on this subject, the gender variable is rarely taken into account in Portugal, except through intuitive and non-scientific processes and discourses that often produce bias and where female judges and public prosecutors have no voice. This article aims to contribute to filling in this empirical lacuna and, based on a survey of the Portuguese population and on interviews with judges and public prosecutors in Portugal, to analyse the existing views on the feminization of justice and female judging.

  7. Identification of H-type BSE in Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orge, Leonor; Machado, Carla Guedes; Ramalho, Luísa; Carvalho, Renata; Silva, João; Almeida, Paula; Tavares, Paula; Ochoa, Cristina; Lima, Carla; Pinto, Maria J Marques; Simas, J Pedro

    2015-01-01

    During the bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) epidemic, Portugal was the third most affected country. As a result of a successful national eradication plan, the number of BSE affected animals has been progressively declining in Portugal with no cases identified in 2013. However, within the scope of this active surveillance scheme, we have identified the first H-type BSE case born after the introduction of the reinforced ban in fallen stock. Here, we report the phenotypic features of this case and the analysis of the protein coding sequence of prnp as well as the prnp promoter and intron 1 insertion-deletions.

  8. Felipa de Lancáster, la dama inglesa que fue modelo de reginalidad en Portugal (1387-1415

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    Santos Silva, Manuela

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Until a few decades ago, the historians’ interest in the evaluation of the power exercised by the queens, as wives or mothers of the kings who were in charge of the governance of the kingdom, was almost non-existent. However, there are enough data to prove that in Portugal, in the Middle Ages, some queens exerted political and diplomatic functions, participated with their husbands in the administration of the assets of the crown, in addition to fulfilling the obvious obligations of being good wives and mothers. Philippa of Lancaster’s –wife of John I of Portugal– queenship is well documented.Hasta hace algunas décadas, el interés mostrado por los historiadores en evaluar el poder ejercido por las reinas portuguesas como consortes o progenitoras de los reyes era casi inexistente. Se conservan, sin embargo, suficientes datos como para poder afirmar que, en la Edad Media portuguesa, algunas reinas ejercieron funciones de naturaleza política y diplomática, y participaron junto a sus maridos en la administración de los bienes de la corona, además de cumplir con los deberes que se les atribuían como esposas y madres. Uno de los casos mejor documentados es el de Felipa de Lancáster, esposa de Juan I de Portugal, a quien llamaremos João I para evitar confusiones causadas por homonimias.

  9. FORMACIÓN DEL PROFESORADO DE MÚSICA EN EUROPA MERIDIONAL: CHIPRE, GRECIA, MALTA Y PORTUGAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan José Carmona Fernández

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo informa y reflexiona sobre los planes de estudios de formación del profesorado de música en países de Europa Septentrional: Chipre, Grecia, Malta y Portugal. La metodología de análisis utilizada es común para todos los países estudiados, correspondientes al Proyecto ALFA al que se hace referencia en el editorial de este monográfico. En Chipre hablaremos sobre tres universidades con planes de estudio musicales; en Grecia distinguiremos cuatro tipos de docentes dependiendo del nivel educativo en el que impartan docencia (Infantil, Primaria y Secundaria; en tercer lugar hablaremos sobre las peculiaridades del sistema de la universidad de Malta; se procederá al análisis de Portugal donde contamos con un número mayor de universidades; y, por último, aportaremos nuestra reflexión sobre los planes de estudios analizados y sus implicaciones para la formación del profesorado de música.

  10. Portugal Sees Top Priority Market in China Interview with H.E. Mr. Rui Quartin-Santos, Ambassador of Portugal in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sun Yongjian; Liu Jinliang

    2007-01-01

    @@ China, a Top Priority Market for Portugal I would start by saying that the political relations between our two countries are very friendly and robust.Premier Wen Jiaobao visited Portugal in December 2005, and we have established a Global Strategic Partnership between China and Portugal. So we believe that the contact between the leaders of both sides in December last year has boosted decisively our relations in general and our trade relations in particular.

  11. Turismo de saúde em Portugal: turismo médico e turismo de bem-estar

    OpenAIRE

    Ferreira, Ricardo

    2013-01-01

    Mestre em Gestão de Serviços de Saúde O turismo de saúde engloba duas subcategorias, o turismo médico (cirurgias e serviços de saúde no estrangeiro) e o turismo de bem-estar (viajar para locais específicos para promoção da saúde de uma forma preventiva). Na vertente de bem-estar, há vários aspectos a considerar e diversas formas de promoção da saúde de forma preventiva, uma delas é o turismo termal (com um longo histórico em Portugal mas actualmente numa situação premente de reforma). A...

  12. La integración educativa en Portugal: un análisis de la enseñanza obligatoria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Esteves

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Portugal se inscribe en el grupo de los países de la UE con una tendencia más marcadamente integradora. El artículo aborda este hecho educativo en el nivel de la enseñanza obligatoria y estudia el proceso seguido por este país en la inclusión de alumnos con necesidades educativas especiales relacionándolo con sus particulares condicionamientos políticos, sociales y pedagógicos. Tras un recorrido histórico por los hitos más significativos, analiza la normativa vigente, revisa la práctica actual y concluye una valoración crítica que oriente las mejoras futuras. En todo momento el estudio utiliza las unidades de comparación de la Agencia Europea para el Desarrollo de las Necesidades Educativas Especiales para facilitar estudios comparados posteriores. 

  13. Segurança nacional e estratégias energéticas de Portugal e de Espanha

    OpenAIRE

    Eiras, Ruben; Duarte, António Paulo; Fernandes, Carla Isabel Patrício; Velarde Pinacho, Guilhermo; Carpintero Santamaria, Natividad

    2011-01-01

    A “Segurança Nacional e as Estratégias Energéticas de Portugal e Espanha” lida com um dos temas de maior relevância para a Segurança de ambos os países ibéricos: a questão da energia. O primeiro capítulo leva o leitor para o quadro internacional da energia e os riscos e as ameaças que afectam a segurança energética em termos globais e europeus. O segundo capítulo lida com as vulnerabilidades e potencialidades da Península Ibérica e com as vantagens que uma relação mais íntima e um...

  14. Direct SW aerosol radiative forcing over Portugal

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    D. Santos

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available In this work, the evaluation of the aerosol radiative forcing at the top of the atmosphere as well as at the surface over the south of Portugal is made, particularly in the regions of Évora (38°34' N, 7°54' W and of Cabo da Roca (38°46' N, 9°38' W, during years 2004 and 2005.

    The radiative transfer calculations, using the radiative transfer code Second Simulation of the Satellite Signal in the Solar Spectrum (6S, combine ground-based measurements, from Aerosol Robotic NETwork (AERONET, and satellite measurements, from MODerate Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS, to estimate the direct SW aerosol radiative forcing. The method developed to retrieve the surface spectral reflectance is also presented, based on ground-based measurements (AERONET of the aerosol optical properties combined with the satellite-measured radiances (MODIS.

    The instantaneous direct SW aerosol radiative forcing values obtained at the top of the atmosphere are, in the majority of the cases, negative, indicating a tendency for cooling the Earth at the top of the atmosphere. For Desert Dust aerosols, over the Évora land region, the average forcing efficiency is estimated to be −25 Wm−2/AOT0.55 whereas for the Cabo da Roca area, the average forcing efficiency is −46 Wm−2/AOT0.55. In the presence of Forest Fire aerosols, both from short and long distances, the average value of forcing efficiency at the top of the atmosphere over Cabo da Roca is found to be −28 Wm−2/AOT0.55 and, over Évora, −27 Wm−2/AOT0.55. For specific situations, discussed in this work, the average surface direct SW aerosol radiative forcing efficiency due to the Desert Dust aerosols, in Évora region, is −66 Wm−2/AOT0.55, whereas in Cabo da Roca region, the corresponding average value is −38 Wm−2/AOT0.55

  15. Direct SW aerosol radiative forcing over Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Santos

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available The estimation of radiative forcing due to desert dust and forest fires aerosols is a very important issue since these particles are very efficient at scattering and absorbing both short and longwave radiation. In this work, the evaluation of the aerosol radiative forcing at the top of the atmosphere over the south of Portugal is made, particularly in the regions of Évora and of Cabo da Roca.

    The radiative transfer calculations combine ground-based and satellite measurements, to estimate the top of the atmosphere direct SW aerosol radiative forcing. The method developed to retrieve the surface spectral reflectance is also presented, based on ground-based measurements of the aerosol optical properties combined with the satellite-measured radiances.

    The aerosol direct radiative effect is shown to be very sensitive to the underlying surface, since different surface spectral reflectance values may originate different forcing values. The results obtained also illustrate the importance of considering the actual aerosol properties, in this case measured by ground-based instrumentation, particularly the aerosol single scattering albedo, because different aerosol single scattering albedo values can flip the sign of the direct SW aerosol radiative forcing.

    The instantaneous direct SW aerosol radiative forcing values obtained at the top of the atmosphere are, in the majority of the cases, negative, indicating a tendency for cooling the Earth. For Desert Dust aerosols, over Évora land region, the average forcing efficiency is estimated to be −25 W/m2/AOT0.55 whereas for Cabo da Roca area, the average forcing efficiency is −46 W/m2/AOT0.55. In the presence of Forest Fire aerosols, over Cabo da Roca region, the average value of forcing efficiency is −28 W/m2/AOT0.55 and over Évora region an average value of −33 W/m2/AOT0.55 is found.

  16. Geochemistry of the Panasqueira tungsten-tin deposit, Portugal

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bussink, R.W.

    1984-01-01

    Major tin-tungsten deposits in Portugal are related to intrusions of the Younger Series (300-280 Ma) of Hercynian granitoids. Mineralized granites are 'specialized' by a specific increase or decrease of major, minor and trace element contents in comparison with non-mineralized occurrences. Component

  17. Listeriosis in Portugal: an existing but under reported infection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teixeira Paula C

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Listeriosis is a rare disease caused by the bacterium Listeria monocytogenes, the normal vehicle of which is food. The disease, which is largely confined to its risk groups of pregnant women, the elderly and immunocompromised individuals, has increased in incidence in recent years. In Portugal, listeriosis is not a notifiable infection and available data are scarce. The objective of this work was to collate the available information concerning listeriosis in Portugal by compiling a retrospective study of cases recorded over a decade. Methods Requests for case data on clinically confirmed listeriosis, recorded over the previous decade, were replied to by 23 hospitals and a National Institute of Health delegation. Results 35 cases of listeriosis were identified for the period between 1994 and 2003 inclusive, the mortality rate being greater than 17%. According to the data collected in this study for the year 2003, the incidence of this disease in Portugal was at least 1.4 cases per million inhabitants in that year. Conclusion The study demonstrates, for the first time in the widely available literature, that despite their being no cases of listeriosis in Portugal recorded in official reports, the threat of L. monocytogenes to public health is of a similar dimension to that in other countries.

  18. Making Sense of TV for Children: The Case of Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pereira, Sara; Pinto, Manuel

    2011-01-01

    Empowering children for a critical and judicious use and consumption of media is a main objective of media literacy. This paper aims to examine the range of television programs available for children in Portugal through a comparative analysis of the programming for children broadcast by the four Portuguese terrestrial channels (RTP1, RTP2, SIC and…

  19. Factors Affecting Students' Choice of Science and Engineering in Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Almeida, Maria Jose B. M.; Leite, Maria Salete S. C. P.; Woolnough, Brian E.

    This paper presents the results of a study undertaken in Portugal to determine the influence of different factors on students' (n=499) decisions to study or refuse to study in one of the physical sciences or engineering. Some influencing factors are related to what goes on in school and during science lessons, and other factors are related to the…

  20. Accreditation of Agricultural Engineering University studies in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Cruz, Vasco Fitas; Silva, Luis Leopoldo

    2005-01-01

    The paper describes the evaluation and accreditation processes of high studies study programs in Portugal; the process of Quality evaluation of new study courses; Nature of engineering profession; EurAgEng recognition; Recognition process implementation;Elements for the recognition process; Some aspects to assure curricula comparability; European Accreditation Process.

  1. Legal aid for victims in criminal proceedings in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Costa Ramos, Vânia

    2014-01-01

    The following article gives an overview of legal aid for victims in criminal cases in Portugal. It addresses the issues of a victim’s access to a lawyer, when and how the right is granted (right to legal assistance), and under what circumstances the victim has a right to financial legal aid (right to financial legal aid).

  2. Outbreak of Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea Virus in Portugal, 2015

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mesquita, J.R.; Hakze-van der Honing, R.; Almeida, A.; Lourenço, M.; Poel, van der W.H.M.; Nascimento, M.S.J.

    2015-01-01

    An outbreak of porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) in the South of Portugal in January 2015 and the spread of PEDV northwards in the territory are described. Comparative analysis of the amplified sequences showed a very high (99.0%) identity with the PEDV variant most recently reported in the

  3. The impact of minimum wages on youth employment in Portugal

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    S.C. Pereira

    2003-01-01

    textabstractFrom January 1, 1987, the legal minimum wage for workers aged 18 and 19 in Portugal was uprated to the full adult rate, generating a 49.3% increase between 1986 and 1987 in the legal minimum wage for this age group. This shock is used as a ?natural experiment? to evaluate the impact of t

  4. Energy efficiency and renewable energy systems in Portugal and Brazil

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Østergaard, Poul Alberg; Soares, Isabel; Ferreira, Paula

    2014-01-01

    This article presents a review of the energy situation in Brazil and Portugal; two countries which are both characterised by high utilisation of renewable energy sources though with differences between them. The article also introduces contemporary energy research conducted on the two countries a...

  5. School-Based Sexuality Education in Portugal: Strengths and Weaknesses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rocha, Ana Cristina; Leal, Cláudia; Duarte, Cidália

    2016-01-01

    Portugal, like many other countries, faces obstacles regarding school-based sexuality education. This paper explores Portuguese schools' approaches to implementing sexuality education at a local level, and provides a critical analysis of potential strengths and weaknesses. Documents related to sexuality education in a convenience sample of 89…

  6. Pests of Blueberries on Sao Miguel, Azores, Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    In February and March 2006, two plots of 154 plants of two southern high bush blueberries cultivars, Vaccinium corymbosum cv. ‘Emerald’ and ‘Jewel,’ a rabbiteye cultivar, V. virgatum cv. ‘Spring High,’ were planted in two locations on São Miguel Island, Açores, Portugal. One plot was planted near t...

  7. Predicting Child Outcomes from Preschool Quality in Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abreu-Lima, Isabel M. P.; Leal, Teresa B.; Cadima, Joana; Gamelas, Ana Madalena

    2013-01-01

    The main purpose of this study is to analyze whether quality of preschool classrooms relates to 4- and 5-year-old children developmental outcomes. The study was conducted in 60 classrooms in Porto Metropolitan Area, Portugal. Children (N = 215) were evaluated in the literacy, math, and behavior domains. Preschool quality was assessed through…

  8. School Psychology in Portugal: Practitioners' Characteristics and Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mendes, Sofia A.; Abreu-Lima, Isabel; Almeida, Leandro S.; Simeonsson, Rune J.

    2014-01-01

    Little empirical evidence is available on the professional characteristics and practices of school psychologists in Portugal. This study surveyed a total of 477 Portuguese school psychologists employed in public (80%) and private schools (20%). Portuguese school psychologists are described with regard to demographic, professional, and educational…

  9. Technological Specialisation Courses in Portugal: Description and Suggested Improvements

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Costa, Nilza Maria Vilhena Nunes; Simoes, Ana Raquel; Pereira, Giselia Antunes; Pombo, Lucia

    2009-01-01

    This study is a part of the "Post-secondary Vocational Training in Portugal Project: from a description through to suggestions to improve training quality", which ran from 2003 to 2006. This article, which makes use of data obtained from interviews with Directors of Schools which offer technological specialisation courses (CETs) and from…

  10. Research Management in Portugal: A Quest for Professional Identity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trindade, Margarida; Agostinho, Marta

    2014-01-01

    Research managers at science-intensive institutions appear as a continuously evolving group of professionals whose identity is somewhat fragmented, even to themselves. In Portugal, specialized research manager roles have rapidly emerged over the last years alongside the development of a small but consolidated scientific system. In order to get an…

  11. Science Policy and the Internationalisation of Research in Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patricio, Maria Teresa

    2010-01-01

    This article will examine Portuguese and European science and higher education policies and their impact on international collaborations. It will do so by looking at two key indicators: international academic mobility and the coauthored international scientific publications. The data show Portugal as an attractive country for foreign students and…

  12. Quality of Life in Ageing Societies: Italy, Portugal, and Turkey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arun, Ozgur; Cevik, Aylin Cakiroglu

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this study was to compare and analyze the quality of life of the elderly in three aging countries: Italy, Portugal, and Turkey. This was done by using data provided by the European Quality of Life Survey completed in 2004. By doing so, we could then operationalize the conditions of the elderly in Turkey who have a rapid aging process…

  13. Early Intervention in Portugal: Family Support and Benefits

    Science.gov (United States)

    Correia Leite, Carina Sofia; Da Silva Pereira, Ana Paula

    2013-01-01

    This study investigated the support and benefits of early intervention (EI) in families with children with special needs. Data were gathered through a written questionnaire, "Family Benefits Inventory," completed by 126 families with children with special needs supported by EI teams, with ages from six months to six years in Portugal.…

  14. LIS Education in Portugal between Academia and Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ribeiro, Fernanda

    2008-01-01

    There is a brief exposition, in a historical perspective, about the evolution of the professional education in Portugal, in the area of Library and Information Science, since the creation of the Curso de Bibliotecario-Arquivista, in 1887, until its closure in 1982, when it was replaced by the Curso de Especializacao em Ciencias Documentais (CECD).…

  15. Potencial dos canais de distribuição remotos no modelo de negócio dos bancos em Portugal num contexto de desalavancagem do sector: um estudo empírico para a área metropolitana de Lisboa

    OpenAIRE

    Jesus, Sílvia Maria Correia de

    2012-01-01

    Mestrado em Gestão/ G21, O33 Face a um enquadramento económico desfavorável, o sector bancário Português tem gerado desde 2007 níveis de rentabilidade incapazes de garantir a atractividade da indústria para os investidores. A adequação de medidas de solvabilidade, exigidas pelas entidades reguladoras, forçou a alteração de paradigma no modelo de negócio bancário. A difusão generalizada da inovação tecnológica na sociedade Portuguesa potencia a utilização de canais de acesso remoto ao se...

  16. Occupational radiation doses in Portugal from 1994 to 1998

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This work reports on the occupational radiation doses for external radiation received in 1994-1998 by the radiation workers monitored by the Radiological Protection and Nuclear Safety Department (DPRSN) in Portugal. Individual monitoring for external radiation is carried out in Portugal by DPRSN since the 60s, and the workers are monitored on a monthly or quarterly bases. In 1995 DPRSN monitored approximately 8000 people and was the only laboratory carrying out this sort of activity in Portugal. In 1998 the number of monitored people increased to nearly 8500 from 860 facilities, which leads us to state that the results shown in this work are well representative of the universe of radiation workers in Portugal. Until 1996, the dose measurement procedure was based only on film dosimetry and the results reported for the 1994-1995 period were obtained with this methodology. Since 1996, thermoluminescent dosimetry (TLD) was gradually introduced and since then an effort has been made to transfer the monitored workers from film to TLD. In 1998, both film and TLD dosimetry systems were running simultaneously, with average numbers of 4500 workers monitored with film dosimetry, while 4000 were monitored with TLD. The data presented from 1996 to 1998 were obtained with both methodologies. This work reports the annual mean effective doses received from external radiation, for the monitored and exposed workers in the different fields of activity, namely, industry, research laboratories, health and mining. The distribution of the annual effective dose by dose intervals is also reported. The collective annual dose by field of activity is estimated and the contribution to the total annual collective dose is determined. The collective dose estimates for the period 1994 to 1998 demonstrated that the health sector is the most representative exposed group in Portugal. (author)

  17. [Disciplinary Actions in Gynecology and Obstetrics in the North of Portugal from Year 2008 to 2012].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, Francisco; Rodrigues E Rodrigues, Manuel; Bernardes, João

    2015-01-01

    Introdução: As ações disciplinares podem ter um impacto significativo na vida dos médicos e dos doentes. O objetivo deste trabalho foi a avaliação das ações disciplinares em Ginecologia e Obstetrícia ocorridas na região norte de Portugal nos anos 2008 a 2012.Material e Métodos: Estudo descritivo retrospetivo baseado nos dados anonimizados disponíveis nos relatórios anuais de atividades do Conselho Disciplinar da Seção Regional Norte da Ordem dos Médicos dos anos 2008 a 2012. Calculámos a proporção de ações disciplinares em Ginecologia e Obstetrícia sobre o número total de especialistas inscritos. Avaliámos também os tipos de queixoso, de arguido, de instituição, de queixa e de decisão envolvidos. Para comparação de proporções utilizámos intervalos de confiança de 95%.Resultados: De 2008 a 2012, registou-se um total de 1040 ações disciplinares na região norte de Portugal. A Ginecologia e Obstetrícia foi a quarta especialidade mais afetada, com 54 queixas, 43 das quais relacionadas com alegada negligência médica e a mais afetada, se considerarmos apenas este tipo de queixa. Os queixosos e os arguidos mais frequentes foram, respetivamente, doentes em nome próprio e profissionais do sexo feminino, com idade compreendida entre os 41 e 60 anos. Das 54 ações disciplinares registadas, 52 foram concluídas sem penalização e duas aguardam decisão.Discussão: Os resultados estão genericamente de acordo com os de outros autores.Conclusões: A Ginecologia e Obstetrícia foi a quarta especialidade com maior risco de ação disciplinar na região norte de Portugal nos anos 2008 a 2012 e a primeira se considerarmos só as queixas de alegada negligência médica. Todas as ações disciplinares foram arquivadas, sem penalização dos médicos visados, com exceção de duas que se encontram ainda em avaliação.

  18. Impacto da responsabilidade social sob a óptica empresarial do norte litoral de Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valentin Alejandro Martínez Fernández

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available La responsabilidad social surge en la literatura del siglo XIX y desde entonces ha ganado una mayor expresión, atención e interés de los estudiosos, empresarios y público en general, debido a su impacto en particular. Por lo tanto, la responsabi- lidad social ha tenido en las últimas décadas una fuerte expansión que ha llevado a su aplicabilidad en la estrategia empresarial. Hoy, académicos y hombres de negocios van juntos tratando nuevas estrategias que incluyen nuevas variables en un estudio propiciado por la aparición de nuevas formas de actividad empresarial y por la creación de redes sociales. Ante esta nueva situación, el propósito de este artículo es comprobar si hay un impacto en la adopción de prácticas de respon- sabilidad social de las empresas de Maia y, en caso afirmativo, si afecta positiva o negativamente a la imagen corporativa de las empresas en el litoral norte de Portugal. Este artículo se estructura en dos secciones. La primera consiste en una revisión de la literatura sobre el tema, presentando el tema principal de los marcos conceptuales para el análisis. La segunda parte consiste en un estudio empírico que utiliza un análisis multivariado factorial que permite la activación de las primeras conclusiones sobre el impacto de la responsabilidad social en Portugal, sobre todo en las empresas objeto de estudio. Se encontró en el estudio que la práctica de la responsabilidad social crea impacto en las acciones de las empresas, pero no se produce de manera significativa en sus resultados económicos.

  19. Ecos da Grande Depressão em Portugal: relatos, diagnósticos e soluções Echoes of the Great Depression in Portugal: reports, diagnostics, and solutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Luís Cardoso

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo analisa os efeitos da Grande Depressão em Portugal, destacando o modo como a gestão da crise resultou num instrumento de consolidação do regime político e económico do Estado Novo. É dada especial atenção à ação política e técnica desenvolvida por Salazar, que habilmente usou o seu cargo de ministro das Finanças para impor um conjunto de medidas que, aos olhos da opinião pública, reforça­ram a sua credibilidade e fortaleceram a sua liderança. O noticiário da crise na esfera pública e as soluções preconizadas por agentes económicos e políticos representativos de diversos interesses em presença são aspetos em destaque neste artigo, que procura introduzir alguns elementos de inovação na consolidada tradição historiográfica portuguesa relativa aos efeitos da Grande Depressão.This article discusses the impact of the Great Depression in Portugal during the crucial period when the foundations of the new authoritarian political regime of the Estado Novo (New State were being laid out. Special attention is given to the technical and political role played by Salazar, who managed to use his position as Finance Minister to establish an image of trustworthiness and solid leadership. In this article, we focus on the news about the crisis that circulated in the public sphere as well as on the solutions put forward by diverse representatives of political and economic interests, thus attempting to cast a new light on the already well developed historiographic tradition concerning the impact of the Great Depression in Portugal.

  20. Dinâmicas e processos de inovaçâo em regiôes do interior de Portugal: caso de estudo = Dynamics and processes of innovation in the interior regions of Portugal: a case study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Manuela Natario

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo tiene como objetivo analizar la dinámica y los procesos de innovación en las regiones interiores del centro de Portugal buscando identificar los factores que estimulan la dinámica territorial de la innovación. La preocupación por la dinámica de la innovación ha sido objeto de varios estudios en el contexto de los sistemas regionales de innovación y, más recientemente, se encuadra en el desarrollo del Modelo “Triple Hélix” (Etzkowitz y Leydesdorff, 2000; Dzisah y Etzkowitz, 2009. Este modelo integra el estudio de la interacción entre las hélices para promover la innovación. El estudio empírico se centra en las empresas de tres distritos interiores de la zona Centro de Portugal (Castelo Branco, Guarda y Viseu. Desde el punto de vista de la metodología, para la realización del estudio se envió un cuestionario a las empresas de estos tres distritos y se ha utilizado la aplicación de análisis estadístico multivariante “k-means clustering” para detectar patrones de comportamiento de las empresas relativos a su dinámica de innovación respecto al perfil de la región en términos de innovación, al espíritu de iniciativa empresarial, a la cooperación con las instituciones de enseñanza superior y a la proactividad de las instituciones públicas. Para verificar las hipótesis propuestas se recurrió a aplicación de tests de comparación múltiple de valores medios para estudiar las características únicas de cada grupo.The main objective of this paper is analysis the dynamics and processes of innovation in regions of interior centre of Portugal, seeking to identify factors that stimulate the territorial dynamics of innovation. The dynamics of innovation has been the subject of several studies in the context of regional innovation systems and more recently has been considered in the Model "Triple Helix" (Etzkowitz and Leydesdorff, 2000; Dzisah and Etzkowitz, 2009. This model integrates the interaction

  1. La promoción y gestión de los polígonos industriales en la Eurorregión Galicia-Norte de Portugal Promotion and management in industrial states of the Euroregion Galicia-North of Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesús García-Arca

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available En un entorno global, para reforzar la competitividad de las empresas es necesario adoptar políticas de desarrollo de infraestructuras logísticas y de polígonos industriales. Sin embargo, a pesar del impacto económico y social que generan estos polígonos industriales, su adecuada promoción y gestión no se ha destacado, especialmente en España. En este contexto, este artículo profundiza en las causas que conducen a una deficiente promoción y gestión de los polígonos industriales, proponiendo líneas de actuación su mejora. Para ilustrar esta problemática general, se analiza la promoción y gestión de los polígonos industriales en la Eurorregión Galicia-Norte de Portugal (provincia de Pontevedra en España y la zona de Minho-Lima en el distrito portugués de Viana do Castelo. Si bien el estudio de campo se centra en el ámbito fronterizo de la Eurorregión Galicia-Norte de Portugal, las conclusiones y recomendaciones del estudio son perfectamente extrapolables al resto de España y Portugal.This paper not only makes a deep analysis of the main causes that imply problems in promotion and management in industrial estates, but also proposes an action plan to improve the current situation. In order to illustrate these problems, the situation of industrial estates in the Euroregion Galicia-North of Portugal (Pontevedra area in Spain and Minho-Lima area in Viana do Castelo, Portugal was presented. Although the study focused only on these geographical areas (55 companies, the conclusions and recommendations could be easily extrapolated to the rest of Spain and Portugal. Among these conclusions, the need for a better strategy to locate new industrial estates, for a higher development of services and infrastructures, and for the adoption of suitable organizational schemes to the maintenance of industrial estates, could be outlined.

  2. Stent for Life in Portugal: This initiative is here to stay

    OpenAIRE

    Pereira, H.; Pinto, FJ; Calé, R; Pereira, E.; J. MARQUES; De Almeida, M.; Mello, S.; Dias Martins, L; behalf of the participating centres in the Stent for Life Initiative in Portugal

    2014-01-01

    AIMS: Portugal has one of the lowest rates of primary percutaneous coronary intervention (p-PCI) in Western Europe. This study assessed the progress of Portuguese p-PCI performance indicators one year after Portugal joined the Stent for Life (SFL) initiative. METHODS AND RESULTS: Two national surveys were carried out, each covering a period of one month: the first when Portugal joined the SFL in 2011 (Moment Zero), and the second one year later (Moment One). A total of 397 consecutiv...

  3. Entrepreneurship in Portugal: comparison between the world bank data and quadros de pessoal

    OpenAIRE

    Sarmento, Elsa; Nunes, Alcina

    2010-01-01

    Portugal has some of the highest business entry rates when compared to other countries, according to Eurostat, Statistics Portugal and the OECD Entrepreneurship Indicators Programme. We look at business creation in Portugal, from 2000 to 2007, by approaching two other complementary data sources, the World Bank Group Entrepreneurship Survey, based on official Portuguese business register’s and the universe of active employer enterprises, obtained by applying to the dataset Quadros de Pessoal, ...

  4. Business creation in Portugal: comparison between the world bank data and quadros de pessoal

    OpenAIRE

    Sarmento, Elsa; Nunes, Alcina

    2010-01-01

    Portugal has some of the highest business entry rates when compared to other countries, according to Eurostat, Statistics Portugal and the OECD Entrepreneurship Indicators Programme. We look at business creation in Portugal, from 2000 to 2007, by approaching two other complementary data sources, the World Bank Group Entrepreneurship Survey, based on official Portuguese business register’s and the universe of active employer enterprises, obtained by applying to the dataset Quadros de Pessoal, ...

  5. Beyond the “Casa Portuguesa”: analysis of popular music exchanges between Brazil and Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Tiago José Lemos Monteiro

    2008-01-01

    This paper identifies and discusses the silences and the asymmetrical relations that characterize the exchanges of popular music between Brazil and Portugal. At the same time that our perception of the contemporary Portuguese culture seems mediated by a "mythical common sense" deeply influenced by the discourse of tradition, Portugal became an enthusiastic consumer of our "modern" media culture. Such assymetries are visible in the huge success of Brazilian artists and bands in Portugal, whose...

  6. Portugal and United States cooperative energy assessment. Volume 3. Reference reports, Part 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1981-09-01

    Statistical data on energy production and consumption and supporting information were obtained from US Bureau of Mines records supplemented by additional data obtained in Portugal. Geologic descriptions and analysis of known areas and of areas having possible future potential have been prepared by the US Geological Survey. Portugal lacks sufficient indigenous supplies of organic fuels to meet its energy demands, and so must import large quantities of petroleum and coal. Approximately 80% of Portugal's electric energy is produced by hydroelectric stations; thermal stations produce the other 20%. Portugal has produced no crude oil, natural gas, or condensate; no resources or reserves in these categories are listed for Portugal in the 1976 World Energy Conference report. Until the last year or so (1980), no significant onshore petroleum exploration had been done in Portugal since 1963. Production of coal in Portugal has declined steadily to the present annual yield of about 200,000 metric tons. On the basis of estimates in only three coal fields, resources of coal of all ranks in Portugal total at least 76 million (10/sup 6/) metric tons. Uranium is mined near Viseu and Guarda in the northern part of Portugal; the Nisa mine in east-central Portugal will begin producing uranium ore in 1985 after installation of a processing plant. Portugal produced 95 metric tons of uranium oxide (U/sub 3/O/sub 8/) from ore stocks in each year from 1972 through 1974; production is assumed to have continued at the same rate since then. Geothermal energy has not been developed in mainland Portugal; however, hot springs that may have geothermal energy potential are known in the Minho district in the northwest. Geothermal energy resources exist in the Azores and a program of evaluation and exploration with technical assistance from the USGS is presently in progress there.

  7. Zika virus infections imported from Brazil to Portugal, 2015.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zé-Zé, L; Prata, M B; Teixeira, T; Marques, N; Mondragão, A; Fernandes, R; Saraiva da Cunha, J; Alves, M J

    2016-01-01

    Zika virus is an emerging arbovirus transmitted by Aedes sp. mosquitoes like the Dengue and Chikungunya viruses. Zika virus was until recently considered a mild pathogenic mosquito-borne flavivirus with very few reported benign human infections. In 2007, an epidemic in Micronesia initiated the turnover in the epidemiological history of Zika virus and more recently, the potential association with congenital microcephaly cases in Brazil 2015, still under investigation, led the World Health Organization (WHO) to declare a Public Health Emergency of International Concern on February 1, 2016. Here, we present the clinical and laboratory aspects related to the first four imported human cases of Zika virus in Portugal from Brazil, and alert, regarding the high level of traveling between Portugal and Brazil, and the ongoing expansion of this virus in the Americas, for the threat for Zika virus introduction in Europe and the possible introduction to Madeira Island where Aedes aegypti is present. PMID:27134823

  8. PRESENT STATUS OF THE MAIN SHADS’ POPULATIONS IN PORTUGAL.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    COSTA M. J.

    2001-07-01

    Full Text Available The allis shad (Alosa alosa and the twaite shad (Alosa fallax are anadromous migratory species, which are threatened not only in Portugal but also in most of their geographic area of distribution. Overfishing and illegal fishing, pollution, physical barriers and river-bed changes seem to be the main reasons for the populations gradual decline. The progressive reduction in the numbers of anadromous fish registered in the last decades in some Portuguese river basins requires urgent action, namely the implementation of measures to promote the recovery of those populations. The current status of shads populations in Portugal is discussed, and the distribution along the main Portuguese watersheds and major threats to these species are presented, as well.

  9. Detection of Dirofilaria repens microfilariae in a dog from Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maia, Carla; Lorentz, Susanne; Cardoso, Luís; Otranto, Domenico; Naucke, Torsten J

    2016-01-01

    Dirofilaria repens causes subcutaneous infection in dogs and cats, and is the main agent of human dirofilariosis in Europe. Detection of D. repens is described in a dog from Portugal, a finding that simultaneously represents the first presumable case of autochthonous infection with the parasite in any animal host species in the country. A mixed D. repens/Dirofilaria immitis infection (20:1 ratio) was found, with an overall density of 1267 microfilariae per millilitre of blood. Morphological features, including morphometry, and acid phosphatase histochemical staining confirmed identity of the two filarioids. Distribution of D. repens in Portugal should be further assessed at the population level both in vertebrate hosts and in vectors. Due to the zoonotic potential of the parasite, preventive measures such as the administration of microfilaricides and insect repellents should be put into practice to protect animals and public health.

  10. Cuidados Paliativos em Portugal: configuração e desenvolvimento da formação breve, graduada e pós-graduada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Irene Lopes Carvalho

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Este texto tem como objectivo analisar a evolução da oferta formativa e educativa em cuidados paliativos em Portugal. Problematiza a noção de cuidados paliativos e analisa o quadro legal em Portugal e nas orientações europeias quanto à educação/formação nesta área. Para a concretização deste objectivo adoptou-se uma metodologia qualitativa e privilegiou-se a pesquisa bibliográfica, consulta de sites e contactos telefónicos com entidades que oferecem formação nesta área e também entrevistas a informantes privilegiados. A formação adquirida noutros países foi integrada nestes últimos anos no ensino superior público e privado em Portugal. O setor público com uma oferta muito específica nesta área, e o setor privado com uma oferta mais heterogénea. Salienta-se também o fato de tanto o setor público como o setor privado desenvolverem formações breves, em contexto de trabalho nomeadamente em unidades de cuidados paliativos.

  11. Training of teachers in the context of the first Republic in Portugal: guidelines for understanding of a policy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    António Gomes Ferreira

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we set out to study teacher training in the framework of the First Republic of Portugal (1910-1926. Republicanism embodied a project of the refounding of the nation, which found in education the means of achieving such aspiration. Believing in human plasticity, it elected education, aligned with scientific development, through the path of schooling, as the tool for shaping the new Republican citizen. Teachers had a crucial part to play in this project. Addressing legislation, file sources (exercises, summary books, assignments, inter allia, printed sources (books, workbooks, etc. and specialised media on education and teaching, we discuss training programmes for primary and secondary education teachers. We look into the virtues of its implementation and submit our reading thereof, comparing regular primary education to regular teacher training. We conduct an in depth analysis of the curricula and the training guidelines, focusing in particular on the study plans and their components, from scientific education, the specialisation in the area of expertise and psycho-pedagogy, to teaching practice.Received:  26/10/2013 / Accepted: 17/11/2013How to reference this articleGomes Ferreira, A., Mota, L. (2014. Formación de profesorado en el contexto de la Primera República en Portugal: pautas para la comprensión de una política. Foro de Educación, 12(17, pp. 45-68. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.14516/fde.2014.012.017.003

  12. The efficacy and safety of natalizumab for the treatment of multiple sclerosis in Portugal: a retrospective study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sousa, L; de Sa, J; Sa, M J; Cerqueira, J J; Martins-Silva, A

    2014-11-01

    Introduccion. Los estudios han demostrado que el natalizumab constituye un tratamiento eficaz contra la esclerosis multiple remitente recurrente (EMRR). Hasta la fecha, no habia datos de pacientes portugueses. Objetivo. Determinar la eficacia y la seguridad del natalizumab en pacientes con EMRR atendidos en la practica clinica ordinaria en Portugal. Pacientes y metodos. Los datos clinicos de adultos con EMRR tratados con natalizumab en centros especializados de neurologia en Portugal se introdujeron de forma retrospectiva en una base de datos para llevar a cabo un analisis entre octubre de 2010 y febrero de 2012. Se analizo el cambio en la tasa anualizada de brotes (TAB), en las puntuaciones de la escala ampliada de discapacidad (EDSS) y en el estado de discapacidad. Resultados. Se admitio un total de 383 pacientes atendidos en 20 centros. Antes de iniciar el tratamiento con natalizumab, la mediana inicial de la EDSS era de 4,0 y la TAB media, de 1,64. La mayor parte de los pacientes ya habia recibido tratamiento contra la esclerosis multiple (93,0%). La duracion media del tratamiento con natalizumab era de 12 meses. El tratamiento propicio reducciones significativas (p = 12 meses (n = 288) y durante >= 24 meses (n = 160). El natalizumab resulto mas eficaz en los pacientes que presentaban un menor grado de discapacidad (EDSS discapacidad y en aquellos que no han recibido ningun tratamiento modificador de la enfermedad hasta el momento.

  13. Estágio de doutorando (sanduíche em enfermagem: uma experiência em Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karla Maria Carneiro

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Durante o transcorrer do nosso aprimoramento científico, pessoal e profissional, no curso de Doutorado fomos contempladas pela Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES, por meio de concurso nacional, com um Estágio de Doutorando (Sanduíche na cidade do Porto, em Portugal. O desenvolvimento do Projeto O Cuidado Humanístico de Enfermagem ao Recém-Nascido na Unidade de Internação Neonatal: experiência de intercâmbio em Portugal, ocorreu no período de setembro a dezembro de 2005 e constou de uma observação participante junto a 10 enfermeiros de Unidades de Cuidados Intensivos Neonatais, atuantes em duas instituições hospitalares da cidade do Porto, quanto aos cuidados ao recém-nascido, sob a perspectiva humanística à luz da Teoria Humanística de Enfermagem, de Paterson e Zderad (1976. Ressaltamos a importância deste intercâmbio para a ampliação da Enfermagem Neonatal e o crescimento humano e profissional dos enfermeiros como capazes de repensar o fazer e o ser e participar, com todos os envolvidos, de uma nova maneira de cuidar de forma humanizada em Enfermagem, na pesquisa e no ensino.

  14. Paradigmas administrativos, ética e intervenção do Estado na economia: o caso de Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Bilhim

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Muita atenção tem sido dada na literatura administrativa e organizacional aos valores que guiam o comportamento organizacional e de gestão pública e privada. Todavia, o separador de águas entre a gestão pública e a privada manteve-se ao longo do tempo, com altos e baixos, como ponto controverso na literatura específica da administração e políticas públicas e do direito administrativo. A influência da Nova Gestão Pública (NGP na reforma administrativa em Portugal é amplamente reconhecida em Portugal. Foram muitos os governos que, nos países da oecd, tomaram iniciativas idênticas. Há porém uma diferença acentuada entre a reforma administrativa dos países anglófonos e a dos países da Europa continental. Ora, tal diferença parece radicar no papel que o direito administrativo tem nestes países europeus e que não tem nos sistemas de Common Law. Este artigo quer contribuir para o debate da existência de dois paradigmas administrativos onde a separação entre gestão privada e pública parece colocar-se de forma diferenciada e a ética assume distinta ponderação.

  15. [The geography of diabetes mellitus in Portugal: how context influence the risk of dying].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santana, Paula; Costa, Cláudia; Loureiro, Adriana; Raposo, João; Boavida, José Manuel

    2014-01-01

    Introdução: A Diabetes Mellitus é um problema de saúde pública em crescimento em todo o mundo e também em Portugal. Pretendemos identificar a evolução do padrão geográfico desta causa de morte e a associação com a privação sociomaterial, em Portugal. Material e Métodos: Estudo ecológico transversal dos óbitos por Diabetes Mellitus ocorridos nos municípios portugueses em três períodos (1989-1993, 1999-2003 e 2006-2010). Aplicámos um modelo hierárquico bayesiano, de modo a obter a Razão Padronizada de Mortalidade Suavizada e o Risco Relativo, de mortalidade por diabetes associado à privação sociomaterial. Resultados: Observámos os valores da Razão Padronizada de Mortalidade Suavizada mais elevados, em 1989-1993, nos municípios urbanos do litoral (80% dos municípios com Razão Padronizada de Mortalidade Suavizada ≥ 161, sendo 60% urbanos); em 2006-2010 verificámos o oposto, destacando-se, pelos valores de Razão Padronizada de Mortalidade Suavizada elevados, as áreas rurais localizadas no interior sul do país (76,9% dos municípios com Razão Padronizada de Mortalidade Suavizada ≥ 161 sendo 69,2% rurais), principalmente no Alentejo. O Risco Relativo de mortalidade por Diabetes Mellitus aumenta com o aumento da vulnerabilidade associada às condições sociais e económicas da área de residência, principalmente nos dois últimos períodos (Risco Relativo: 1,00; IC95%: 0,98-1,02). Discussão: A Diabetes Mellitus apresenta um padrão geográfico marcado pela assimetria litoral-interior e urbano-rural, que tem vindo a alterar-se ao longo dos últimos vinte anos, verificando-se uma transição geográfica: 48% da população reside em municípios em que a Razão Padronizada de Mortalidade Suavizada aumentou nos últimos vinte anos, com destaque para as áreas rurais do interior de Portugal. Conclusão: As Razões Padronizadas de Mortalidade Suavizada mais elevadas verificam-se, actualmente, em municípios rurais, com índice de priva

  16. A possible Madura foot from medieval Estremoz, southern Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Curto, Ana; Fernandes, Teresa

    2016-01-01

    Maduromycosis, commonly called Madura foot, is an infectious pathology caused by fungi or bacteria, and it is native of the tropical, subtropical and equatorial areas. This paper presents a well preserved male skeleton, between 23 and 57 years old from a medieval necropolis (13th-15th centuries) in Estremoz, Portugal.The left foot of this individual showed marked alterations on the morphology of the calcaneus and cuboid that are ankylosed, which led to arthrosis of the calcaneous and talus. T...

  17. Public investment in transportation infrastructures and economic performance in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Pereira, Alfredo; Andraz, Jorge Miguel

    2002-01-01

    This paper uses a VAR approach to investigate the effects of aggregate and disaggregate measures of public investment in transportation infrastructures on private investment, employment, and output in Portugal. Estimation results suggest that public investment in transportation infrastructures crowds in private investment and employment and, therefore, has a strong positive effect on output. Indeed, we estimate that one euro invested in public investment increases output in the long-term b...

  18. Telecommunications reforms in Portugal and the European Union

    OpenAIRE

    Sousa, Helena

    1996-01-01

    The social democrats, in office from 1985 to 1995, have introduced significant reforms in the Portuguese telecommunications sector. The terminal equipment and advanced services were liberalised; the separation of the regulatory and operational functions became effective; the telecommunications sector underwent a major re-restructuring which involved the merger of the three main public telecommunications operators and, finally, the main operator, Portugal Telecom, was partly privatised. The EU...

  19. Energy efficiency and renewable energy systems in Portugal and Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Poul Alberg Østergaard

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This article presents a review of the energy situation in Brazil and Portugal; two countries which are both characterised by high utilisation of renewable energy sources though with differences between them. The article also introduces contemporary energy research conducted on the two countries and presented at The 1st International Congress on Energy & Environment ranging from electricity end-use analyses, electricity production analyses to socio-economic assessment and large-scale energy scenarios.

  20. Salt Fluxes in a Complex River Mouth System of Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Vaz, Nuno; Lencart e Silva, João D.; Dias, João Miguel

    2012-01-01

    Measurements of velocity and salinity near the mouth and head of the Espinheiro channel (Ria de Aveiro lagoon, Portugal) are used to study the local variation of physical water properties and to assess the balance, under steady conditions, between the seaward salt transport induced by river discharge and the landward dispersion induced by various mixing mechanisms. This assessment is made using data sampled during complete tidal cycles. Under the assumption that the estuarine tidal channel is...

  1. South Portugal Reservoirs – Status and major concerns

    OpenAIRE

    H. Silva; Morais, M.; Rosado, J.; Serafim, A.; Pedro, A; Sarmento, P.; Fialho, A

    2011-01-01

    In southern Portugal, the dry summers together with low precipitations and high temperatures highlight the importance of reservoirs, built mainly for water storage and to smoothing the interannual precipitation variability, in one of the driest regions in the country. According to the Water Framework Directive nº2000/60/CE, all states members are responsible for the classification of superficial water bodies using a system based on both ecological and chemical status. The Water Framework D...

  2. Acculturation strategies and outcomes of international retired migrants in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Dahab, Deborah

    2016-01-01

    Dissertation submitted as partial requirement for the conferral of Master in Psychology of Intercultural Relations / PsycINFO Codes:3000 Social Psychology; 3020 Group & Interpersonal Processes The IRM (International Retired Migrants) are a growing demographic group in Portugal. The literature in Social Psychology has so far overlooked how this specific group acculturates. This study investigated the acculturation strategies adopted by the IRM, their psychological and sociocultural adaptati...

  3. Multilevel role prescriptions : Portugal, NATO and the CFSP

    OpenAIRE

    Nunes, Isabel Ferreira

    2006-01-01

    This study examines the impact of role prescriptions by international organisations on small state foreign and security policies. Focusing on Portugal, NATO and the EU, the study analyses primary sources (official documents) and blends role theory with insights of sociological institutionalism, finding empirical evidence of policy roles informed by prescribed appropriate standards of behaviour. The study uses a) sociological institutionalist views about the logic of appropriateness as a guidi...

  4. Artisanal salt production in Aveiro/Portugal - an ecofriendly process

    OpenAIRE

    Carolina M. Rodrigues; Bio, Ana; Amat, Francisco; Vieira, Natividade

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Solar salinas are man-made systems exploited for the extraction of salt, by solar and wind evaporation of seawater. Salt production achieved by traditional methods is associated with landscapes and environmental and patrimonial values generated throughout history. Since the mid-twentieth century, this activity has been facing a marked decline in Portugal, with most salinas either abandoned or subjected to destruction, making it necessary to find a strategy to reverse this trend. It i...

  5. Training requirements for agro-food industry in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Pedro D. Gaspar; Rita Pinheiro; Cláudia Domingues; Celestino Almeida; Teresa Paiva; Pereira, Carlos D.; Manuela Vaz-Velho

    2015-01-01

    Agro-food companies are aware that the technical and soft skills of their employees directly influence business performance and, consequently, improving those skills will enhance the effectiveness and efficiency of their companies. This paper presents the main results of the AgriTraining project “Training requirements for the agro-food industry". Activities in pursuit of the objectives of this project involved: (1) analysis of the training needs in the agro-food industry in Portugal; (2) anal...

  6. Current effectiveness of amitraz against Varroa in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Pires, Sância; Murilhas, António; Pereira, Óscar; Maia, Miguel

    2005-01-01

    The varroa mite (Varroa destructor) was first detected in Portugal in 1986. Since then, there has been a frequent use of amitraz (Apivar, Acadrex) in the attempt to cope with it. Following (i) various credible international reports of increased varroa resistance to amitraz and (ii) regular claims, by national beekeepers, of poor efficacy of Apivar treatments, a large screening project was setup (2003/2004) for trying to identify honey bee colonies hosting varroa populations resistant to amitr...

  7. [Patterns and specific features of immigration in Portugal].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Machado, F L

    1997-06-01

    "With...present international migration trends as its scenario, this article analyses the growth of immigration in Portugal, emphasising four main aspects: the balance between immigration and the recent resumption of emigration; the factors which have favoured the entry of immigrants; the composition of these immigrants in terms of country of origin; and the specific characteristics of Portuguese immigration in the context of the European Union." (EXCERPT)

  8. Photovoltaic energy mini-generation: Future perspectives for Portugal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper evaluates the benefits of developing the mini-generation PV market in Portugal. It presents the legal framework and current status of the Portuguese PV electricity sector, and compares the country to other European nations: France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Spain and the United Kingdom. A model that combines PVGIS with a self-developed financial tool is used to assess the feasibility of a 150 kW mini-generation system using five different technologies: fixed mount, single-axis tracking, double-axis tracking, low concentration and medium concentration (MCPV). The profitability of the mini-generation systems in the seven countries studied is calculated and compared. According to this analysis, MCPV and, of the conventional technologies, the single-axis tracking systems are the most profitable technologies. Despite the attractiveness of the current Portuguese feed-in tariffs and of the abundant solar resource, investors are discouraged and the country's PV market is far from mature. Specific mini-generation regulations should focus on a fast and transparent licensing procedure and should promote the access to financing. This would attract new investments, which would result in the growth of the PV electricity produced, and would help Portugal to meet its European Union Renewable Energy targets. - Highlights: → This work promotes the development of a mini-generation PV market in Portugal. → The Portuguese current status and legal framework is compared to other EU countries. → The profitability of 5 different PV technologies is compared for 7 European countries. → The Portuguese growth potential for PV energy is still big. → Portugal, due to its radiation levels, presents excellent investment opportunities.

  9. Information literacy in Portugal : some results of a research project

    OpenAIRE

    Silva, Armando Barreiros Malheiro da; Fernández Marcial, Viviana

    2008-01-01

    A paper present some data about a project which, although focused on the specific case of Portugal, intents to make a scientific approach of the challenges of the European Higher Education Area (EHEA) and its impact in the field of the information literacy, considering the actual context of the Information Society. The main questions that it intents to answer are: understand how the university students face the new competences required by the creation of the EHEA; know how these students are ...

  10. Consumer satisfaction with water, wastewater and waste services in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Hormann, Karoline

    2016-01-01

    While the concept of consumer satisfaction is a central topic in modern marketing theory and practice, citizens' satisfaction with public services, and especially water and waste services, is a eld that still remains empirically rather unexplored. The following study aims to contribute to this area by analysing the determinants of user satisfaction in the water, wastewater and waste sector in Portugal, using a unique survey of 1070 consumers undertaken by the Portuguese Wat...

  11. Quality of concrete : one example in the north of Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Cunha, P. J.; Aguiar, J. L. Barroso de; De Oliveira, Pedro; Camões, Aires

    2010-01-01

    The non-quality and non-conformity of concrete, simulates the development of pathologies into the structure and consequently in coatings and masonry. So an early degradation of the buildings could be reached. The objectives of this study were he characterization of the procedures adopted for the production concrete n some works in the north of Portugal, determining he strength class required in the project. At this point, we performed the evaluation of the compressive resistance f concrete n ...

  12. Determination of forest fire causes in Portugal (1966-2010)

    OpenAIRE

    Lourenço, L; S. Fernándes; Nunes, A; Bento-Gonçalves, A.; A. Vieira

    2013-01-01

    The main goal of this study is to analyse the most important causes affecting fire ignitions in Portugal mainland, between 1996 and 2010. The forest fire database was provided by the Portuguese Government Forest Services (National Forest Authority, AFN), that group the causes in six main categories (negligent usage of fire, accidental, structural causes, incendiary, natural and unknown). The analysis of the causes of the forest fires ignitions shows that the greatest part was not investig...

  13. Drought and vegetation stress monitoring in Portugal using satellite data

    OpenAIRE

    Gouveia, C.; Trigo, R. M.; DaCamara, C. C.

    2009-01-01

    Remote sensed information on vegetation and soil moisture, namely the Normalised Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) and the Soil Water Index (SWI), is employed to monitor the spatial extent, severity and persistence of drought episodes over Continental Portugal, from 1999 to 2006. The severity of a given drought episode is assessed by evaluating the cumulative impact over time of drought conditions on vegetation. Special attention is given to the drought episodes that have occurred in the las...

  14. Cross-border tourism: Spain and Portugal, a common destination

    OpenAIRE

    Maiz-Bar, Carmen; Pardellas, Xulio; Padin, Carmen

    2015-01-01

    A new approach to the analysis of the border between Spain and Portugal, a basically rural territory, requires a debate about local development problems, among which we can find the effects of its configuration as a common tourist destination. This paper presents an assessment of several elements for that debate, and the common resources that can define the area as a common tourist destination. A design model is also provided, which can enable territory planning through the appraisal of those...

  15. Aprender e inovar com TIC em Portugal. Propostas e Desafios

    OpenAIRE

    Costa, Fernando Albuquerque; Jorge, Milena

    2011-01-01

    Neste texto apresenta-se um quadro analítico dos projetos pedagógicos de utilização de tecnologias digitais recentemente apresentados pelas escolas e selecionados no âmbito do Concurso Aprender e Inovar com TIC, promovido pela Direção-Geral de Inovação e Desenvolvimento Curricular, em Portugal. Direção-Geral de Inovação e Desenvolvimento Curricular

  16. Female visualities: exhibitions of womens artists in Brazil and Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rebecca Corrêa e Silva

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This article presents one of the most known regenerating means, re-signifying and diffuser of visualities: the museum’s exhibitions. We intend to demonstrate the importance of this type of event in the museum’s context and for the society, from a perspective that integrates sociomuseology and gender. These concepts were applied to a comparative analysis of two new recents exhibitions dedicated to the artist women, seen in cases of Brazil and Portugal.

  17. Typology of abuse and harassment in domestic work in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    M.C. Figueiredo; Suleman, F; Botelho, M.C.

    2016-01-01

    Using an original dataset, our study explores types of abuse and harassment suffered by a sample of domestic workers in Portugal (n=684). Empirical evidence based on multiple correspondence and cluster analyses pointed to three segments of domestic workers: victims of labour abuse related to contract and wages, victims of multiple abuse including mistreatment and also psychological and sexual harassment, and a segment with no occurrence of abuse. Descriptive statistics suggest migrants, es...

  18. The historical reception: texts about Brazilian Cinema Novo in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Regina Gomes

    2014-01-01

    This works analyzes the presence of Brazilian Cinema Novo in Portugal, during the 1960s and 1970s, from the review of texts published in magazines and newspapers. Here, those texts are seen as traces of historical reception of films, important for dissemination of the Cinema Novo movement and even legitimacy on Portuguese territory. The analysis of these texts has shown that the excellent reception from the press to Cinema Novo shaped the program of the Portuguese movie criticism that support...

  19. How resistant to fluvalinate are varroa populations in Portugal?

    OpenAIRE

    Pires, Sância; Murilhas, António; Maia, Miguel; Pereira, Óscar

    2005-01-01

    The varroa mite (Varroa destructor) was first detected in Portugal in 1986. Since then, there has been a widespread use of fluvalinate (Apistan, Klartan) in the attempt to cope with it. Following (i) various credible international reports of increased varroa resistance to fluvalinate and (ii) repeated claims from national beekeepers of poor efficacy of Apistan treatments, a large screening project was setup (2003/2004) for trying to identify honeybee colonies hosting varroa populations resist...

  20. Fire spread prediction in shrub fuels in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Fernandes, Paulo

    2000-01-01

    Expertise and knowledge of forest fire behaviour provide a sound basis to fire management activities. This study examines the possibility of describing fire spread in shrubland by means of a simple empirical model. Rates of fire spread up to 20 m min-1 and the associated weather and fuel conditions were measured on a set of experimental and prescribed burns in four different shrub fuel types in Portugal. Shrubland fire spread in flat terrain could be accurately predicted in terms of wi...

  1. Epidemiological review of Toxoplasma gondii infection in humans and animals in Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopes, A P; Dubey, J P; Dardé, M-L; Cardoso, L

    2014-11-01

    Toxoplasmosis is a worldwide zoonosis. However, data from Portugal are limited and a considerable part of the literature is in Portuguese. Currently, the rate of congenital infection in Portugal is unknown, and almost nothing is known of sequelae of congenital toxoplasmosis. There is no recent general population-based serological survey of Toxoplasma gondii in humans in Portugal. In addition, there is little information on genetic characteristics of T. gondii in animals and humans. In the present paper, we review prevalence, clinical spectrum and epidemiology of T. gondii in humans and animals in Portugal. This knowledge should be useful to biologists, public health workers, physicians and veterinarians.

  2. The Role of Portugal in the International Context

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Antonio Fernández Sánchez

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available A year ago, Portugal celebrated the twenty-fifth anniversary of the so-called Revolution of the Carnations, which marked the beginning of an unstoppable process of democratization and the ensuing full incorporation of Portugal into the institutionalized international community. The Portugal’s opting for orderly decolonialization and full integration into the world of international law has twice brought it a non-permanent seat on the United Nations Security Council and also the Presidency of the UN General Assembly. In the area of security and defense, Portugal began an unprecedented change of course. Its traditional alliance with NATO has been strengthened by new strategic concepts and by its incorporation into new peacekeeping and international security programs in organizations such as the UN, the Western European Union, the OSCE, and even withinthe framework of the European Union where it participates quite actively in accordance with its level in relation to the other members. Also analyzed are the process of incorporation into Community institutions and its direct, precise participation in the evolution they have followed in recent years, with it now being fully integrated into all the areas of regional integration from the "eurozone” to the Schengen framework. The article also points out the gains this very rational choice has brought. Finally, the changes that have come about in bilateral relations with Spain are analyzed.

  3. Taxation of Insolvent Companies: Empirical Evidence in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Cristina dos Santos Arromba Dinis

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the issue of taxation of insolvent companies in Portugal, particularly regarding the Portuguese tax on revenue of legal entities (IRC. For this purpose, first, some considerations on the legal framework of insolvent companies are woven and, second, their tax regime is analyzed. Then, a brief review of the main studies that, in the international context, analyze and debate major issues derived from the tax regime of insolvent companies is conducted, particularly in Brazil, Spain, United States, and Italy. Finally, there are the results of an empirical study conducted in Portugal, in 2013, which evaluates and compares the opinions of insolvency administrators (IA, the tax and customs authority (TA, and court magistrates (CM, in order to contribute to a better solution concerning business taxation under this regime. Respondents (IA, TA, CM demonstrate objective thinking about the fact they believe it is very important that the Portuguese Code of Insolvency and Business Recovery (CIRE and the Portuguese Code of Tax on Revenue of Legal Entities (CIRC are modified, now to make clear whether the settlement of property ownership of an insolvent estate is liable to the IRC, then to assign a chapter specifically devoted to the subject of taxation on insolvency in Portugal.

  4. Societal costs and burden of otitis media in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Speets AM

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Anouk Speets1, Judith Wolleswinkel1, Cristina Cardoso21Pallas health research and consultancy, Rotterdam, the Netherlands; 2GlaxoSmithKline, Algés, PortugalAbstract: This study aimed to estimate the resource consumption and societal impact of otitis media (OM in children younger than five years of age in Portugal. An Internet survey on generic childhood symptoms and diseases was administered to a sample of parents. This self-report survey had been previously implemented in other European countries. Medically confirmed OM was defined as symptoms of earache or “running ear” and/or a diagnosis of OM provided by a medical doctor. Direct medical, nonmedical, and indirect nonmedical costs were calculated for individual cases. Mean total costs per OM episode were estimated at €334. This corresponds to an estimated societal impact of 72 million €/year, of which 39% were indirect nonmedical costs. An epidemiological study should help to confirm the results of this study, and evaluate whether an intervention to reduce the occurrence and/or duration of OM may have an impact on societal costs and quality of life for affected families.Keywords: otitis media, costs, societal burden, Portugal

  5. João de Deus, a Cartilha Maternal e o ensino da leitura em Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cátia Regina G. A. de Oliveira

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho pretende situar-se como uma análise crítica da Cartilha Maternal, elaborada pelo poeta português João de Deus em 1876. Esse compêndio de ensino da leitura teve significativa repercussão no Brasil durante o decorrer da Primeira República. Por ser assim, julgou-se relevante aprofundar a investigação sobre o tema, particularmente buscando responder à seguinte questão: quais foram os elementos que contribuíram para o êxito da Cartilha Maternal? Na verdade, existe já vasta bibliografia acerca do sucesso tanto editorial quanto pedagógico da cartilha de João de Deus. Pretendemos então estudar a metodologia da alfabetização contida naquele compêndio, que se vale do modo analítico de ensinar a ler pelo significado das palavras e não pelo som das letras. João de Deus pode ser considerado, acerca do tema, um precursor de Decroly, já que o conteúdo de sua Cartilha Maternal aponta para o método global. Palavras-chave: alfabetização, leitura, Portugal.   Abstract This work intend to establish a critical analysis of the literary children's book (7 years old written by the portuguese poet João de Deus in 1876. That publication had a significant repercussion in Brazil during the first republic stage. We considered important to deepen the investigation about the subject and particularly try to find out the elements which contributed to the success of the João de Deus literacy book. A vast bibliography describing the pedagogical success of that publication is available in the literature. So, the main goal of our study was to analyze specifically the literacy method which could be classified as an analytical reading method, because he emphases the meaning of the words instead of the sound. João de Deus can be considered as a Decroly's precursor, because the contents of its literacy children's book points for the global method. Keyword: literacy, reading, Portugal.

  6. Obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome and HLA in the North of Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, Luís; Lopes, João; Ramalheira, João; Cunha, Daniela; Carvalho, Cláudia; Bettencourt, Andreia; Bras, Sandra; Costa, Sandra; Silva, M Berta; Martins-da-Silva, António

    2015-10-01

    Introduccion. El sindrome de apnea obstructiva del sueño (SAOS) es una enfermedad frecuente, compleja y poligenica, con diversas etiologias que interaccionan originando un fenotipo unico. El SAOS puede ocurrir a cualquier edad del individuo y se presume la existencia de agregacion familiar. Han sido descritos diversos factores de predisposicion, como la edad, el sexo y la obesidad. La relacion entre los polimorfismos del antigeno leucocitario humano (HLA) y trastornos del sueño esta confirmada, tanto en poblaciones europeas como no europeas. No obstante, las relaciones descritas entre los alelos HLA y SAOS no han sido coherentes y carecen de valor informativo para la clasificacion del trastorno del sueño. Objetivo. Explorar la asociacion genetica del HLA con el SAOS en una poblacion del norte de Portugal y evaluar el papel de la obesidad en el contexto del HLA en el SAOS. Pacientes y metodos. Se estudio una cohorte de 131 pacientes con SAOS. Los pacientes fueron atendidos en una clinica del sueño ambulatoria donde se valoraron los antecedentes clinicos, se les practico una polisomnografia nocturna, una prueba de latencia multiple del sueño (si lo exigio el diagnostico diferencial), analiticas y estudios demograficos. A efectos comparativos, se utilizo una poblacion de control de 223 personas sanas. Se efectuo el genotipado del HLA-DRB1 con la reaccion en cadena de la polimerasa mediante cebadores de secuencia especifica. Resultados. En esta cohorte, el alelo HLA-DRB1*03 fue identificado como un factor de predisposicion para el SAOS (24% del SAOS frente a 15% de la poblacion de control; p = 0,025; odds ratio = 1,861; intervalo de confianza al 95% = 1,081-3,205). No hubo diferencias significativas en lo referente a otros alelos HLA-DBR1*. Conclusion. El HLA-DRB1*03 es un factor de predisposicion para el SAOS en la poblacion portuguesa.

  7. El movimiento individual de especialización musical en Portugal entre 1901-1930

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Luísa FERNANDES PAZ

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Buscando comprender las formas de transmisión del conocimiento musical en la investigación de mi tesis doctoral en Historia de la Educación, deparé en una cuestión relativa a la circulación internacional del conocimiento expert. En este artículo, centrado en el período que va de 1901 a 1930, he subrayado la diferencia entre una red de enseñanza que se estipuló simultáneamente para todos y solamente para algunos. Paralelamente, a través de la extensión del canto de coro en las escuelas primarias y su posterior introducción en los currículos de la secundaria, el Estado apuntaba directamente a la masificación de la educación musical —conseguida después de estas fechas— e impedía al mismo tiempo la expansión de la enseñanza vocacional, limitada a una minoría. Así, y basándome en un inventario de las monografías publicadas en Portugal durante este período, he desarrollado un análisis que revela una circulación muy limitada, minoritaria, y restringida a las cotas altas de la élite musical, quedando el resto pendiente de estrategias personales para la adquisición de este conocimiento.

  8. Pensar o homem como corpo: a cunhagem Simbólica em Portugal e Espanha (século 19 - Thinking man as body: symbolic coinage in Portugal and Spain (19th century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Viegas Brás

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Neste artigo investigamos a construção do corpo pelos manuais de civilidade publicados em Portugal e em Espanha no século 19. Os manuais de civilidade constituíram um mecanismo de poder-saber disciplinador da burguesia em ascensão eque marcaram certo processo de subjectivação. A partir do corpo estabeleceu-se uma nova ordem, que elevou o orgânico ao funcional e simbólico, em sintonia com a classe burguesa em ascensão, e que buscou orientar cada indivíduo a constituir-se como um sujeito moral, dando-lhe distinção e prestígio.Palavras-chave: corpo, história, manuais, civilidade.THINKING MAN AS BODY: SYMBOLIC COINAGE IN PORTUGAL AND SPAIN (19TH CENTURYAbstractIn this paper, we study the construction of the body through civility course books published in Portugaland Spainin the 19th century. The civility course books were a mechanism of power-knowledge relationship disciplinary of the rising bourgeoisie which un le as he da certain process of subjectivity. From the body a new order was set up, which raised the organic to functional and symbolic-in line with the growing bourgeois class-and guide de ach individual to establish him/herself as a moral subject, giving him/her distinction and prestige.Key-words: body, history, manuals, civility.PENSANDO EN EL HOMBRE COMO CUERPO: INVENCIÓN SIMBÓLICAEN PORTUGAL Y ESPAÑA (SIGLO 19ResumenEn este trabajo, investigamos la construcción del cuerpo a través de los manuales de civilidad publicado en Portugal y en España en el siglo 19. Los manuales de civilidad eran un mecanismo de poder-saber disciplinador de la burguesía naciente que marcaron cierto proceso de subjetividad. Partiendo del cuerpo, si establece un nuevo orden que eleva el orgánico al funcional y simbólico, según la naciente burguesía, y que guío a cada individuo para constituirse como sujeto moral, dándole prestigio y distinción.Palabras-clave: cuerpo, historia, manuales, civilidad.PENSER L'HOMME COMME CORPS

  9. Despesa e redistribuição na segurança social em Portugal : análise da reforma de 2007

    OpenAIRE

    Carolo, Daniel Fernando

    2015-01-01

    Tese de doutoramento, Ciências Sociais (Sociologia Política), Universidade de Lisboa, Instituto de Ciências Sociais, 2015 A presente investigação analisa a Reforma da Segurança Social de 2007 em Portugal, enquadrando-a no contexto da crise e do processo de reforma dos Estados-Providência, para avaliar os seus efeitos, ao nível da sustentabilidade da despesa e da equidade da redistribuição. A singularidade da metodologia desta investigação consiste na tentativa de conciliar a teoria do inst...

  10. Geometria dos terraços agrícolas e modelação da instabilidade de vertentes (Vale do Douro - Portugal)

    OpenAIRE

    Bateira, Carlos

    2015-01-01

    As estruturas construídas para o cultivo da vinha no vale do rio Douro (Portugal) devem adaptar-se às condições do terreno que, genericamente, apresentam declives acentuados, dado o encaixe ao longo do setor português da Meseta Ibérica. Os novos sistemas de terraços onde são implantadas as vinhas usam maquinaria pesada, produzindo uma nova geomorfologia e implicando uma dinâmica natural diferente, associada à instabilidade de vertentes e à erosão dos solos por escorrência.Os novos patamares n...

  11. As impossibilidades da “lusofonia” e as narrativas acerca do “outro e do “eu” entre Brasil e Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Túlio de Souza Muniz

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available A relação Brasil e Portugal é pautada pelo distanciamento recíproco entre dois países que tantas semelhanças guardam entre si, mas que não conseguem aproximar-se nas suas diferenças. Este ensaio visa refletir sobre esse distanciamento, a partir de uma análise da construção do estereotipo do “outro” por ambas as partes para concluir sobre as impossibilidades da “lusofonia”, um conceito que so tem operacionalidade do lado lusitano

  12. A importância da análise espacial na reconstituição da oferta educativa em Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Rocha, Jorge; Henriques, Cristina

    2014-01-01

    Este trabalho encontra-se inserido no projecto Atlas-Repertório dos Municípios na Educação e na Cultura em Portugal (1820-1986). Como trabalho inicial, assentou na criação de uma base de trabalho, i.e. levantamento da informação para o ano zero (1800). Assim foram geocodificadas, com base no reportório toponímico nacional, todas as escolas existentes no referido ano e foram vectorizadas, recorrendo a informação proveniente de cartografia histórica, as estradas principais existentes na mesma d...

  13. Tradução de Don Juan oder Die Liebe zur Geometrie de Max Frisch e a recepção do autor em Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Corte-Real, Maria Alexanra Viana de Meneses

    2010-01-01

    O projecto de mestrado Tradução de Don Juan oder Die Liebe zur Geometrie de Max Frisch e a Recepção do Autor em Portugal é composto por duas partes distintas. A primeira parte é dedicada a uma pesquisa da recepção portuguesa do autor. Na segunda parte apresenta-se uma proposta de tradução do drama Don Juan oder Die Liebe zur Geometrie, complementada com uma análise relevante para a tradução que engloba exemplos relevantes.

  14. El papel de las TIC en el rendimiento de las cadenas de suministro: el caso de las grandes empresas de España y Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Nicolás Gonzálvez- Gallego; Pedro Soto-Acosta; António Trigo; Francisco José Molina- Castillo; João Varajão

    2010-01-01

    Este artículo analiza las diferencias existentes entre las grandes empresas de España y Portugal en lo referido tanto al uso de las Tecnologías de la Información y la Comunicación (TIC) como a la integración electrónica con los agentes de la cadena de suministro. Estas diferencias se establecen en términos de la capacidad para generar resultados empresariales superiores. Los resultados muestran diferencias entre ambos grupos de empresas y confirman que las empresas españolas deberían persegui...

  15. Epidemiologia das alterações comportamentais em cão e gato da consulta de referência em Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Santos, Maria Isabel Monteiro Macedo Ferreira dos

    2014-01-01

    Dissertação de Mestrado Integrado em Medicina Veterinária, Ciências Veterinárias Para aumentar o conhecimento da casuística do Comportamento Animal em Portugal, é essencial a recolha de elementos epidemiológicos actualizados. Este estudo pretendeu obter a recolha de alguns desses dados, sob a perspectiva dos veterinários especialistas. Concluiu que os casos da espécie canina ultrapassam em grande número os da espécie felina e que o número de cães eutanasiados por motivos com...

  16. Avaliação do desempenho dos serviços de resíduos urbanos em Portugal Performance evaluation of Portuguese solid waste services

    OpenAIRE

    Pedro Simões; Rui Cunha Marques

    2009-01-01

    Os serviços de resíduos urbanos, por funcionarem em regime de monopólio natural, entre outras razões, são caracterizados por reduzidos incentivos à eficiência e inovação. A avaliação do desempenho pode assumir um papel muito relevante para contrariar esta situação. No Portugal Continental, o mercado de resíduos urbanos caracteriza-se por 29 entidades gestoras plurimunicipais do serviço em 'alta’ (transporte, tratamento e recolha diferenciada), enquanto o serviço em 'baixa’ (recolha indiferenc...

  17. A compreensão jurídica, médica e "leiga" do embrião em Portugal: um alinhamento com a biologia?

    OpenAIRE

    Susana Silva; Helena Machado

    2009-01-01

    Pretende-se contribuir para o debate em torno dos processos de circulação de conhecimentos e sentidos entre especialistas e "leigos" no que concerne ao estatuto dos embriões humanos em Portugal. Reflete-se sobre as expectativas e preocupações manifestadas quanto à confiança, qualidade, segurança e eficácia das tecnologias médicas de reprodução assistida. O estudo assenta na realização de entrevistas individuais, com vistas a explorar as complexidades, similitudes e diferenças entre as visões ...

  18. Avaliação da qualidade da água das ribeiras Odelouca, Odeleite e Foupana (Algarve, Portugal): uso de macroinvertebrados bentónicos como bioindicadores

    OpenAIRE

    Máximo, Isa Brioso

    2009-01-01

    São várias as perturbações antropogénicas que afectam os rios e as ribeiras em Portugal, razão pela qual é urgente a implementação de medidas que visem a sua protecção. Neste contexto, foi criada em 2000 a directiva quadro da água (DQA) que visa atingir o bom estado das massas de água até 2015. Este trabalho teve como objectivos: contribuir para o conhecimento da comunidade de macroinvertebrados nas ribeiras do Algarve; verificar a existência de diferenças na comunidade de macr...

  19. Grandes de Portugal no século XVIII. Inventários da casa de Tavora, Atoguia e Aveiro (1758-1759

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Benavente Rodrigues

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Cada país tiene sus casos historiográficos y Portugal no escapa a la regla. Tenemos muchos casos, muchas dudas, muchas historias. El dia 3 de septiembre de 1758 quedará para siempre envuelto en el misterio, lo que no impide que procuremos hacer la mayor luz posible sobre el tema del atentado contra el rey D. José, junto a la quinta de Belém. El atentado originó un proceso sumarísimo que en casi cuatro meses liquidó las Casas de Távora, Atouguia y Aveiro, así como a la Compañía de Jesús, con las monstruosas ejecuciones en el patíbulo de Belém del 13 de enero de 1759. Los inventarios y el secuestro de bienes ejecutados por orden de la Junta da Inconfidência, pueden servir tanto para medir la grandeza de las Casas, como también su situación social y financiera. Por estos inventarios se evidencia que estas Casas, que eran socialmente de las más consideradas en Portugal en el siglo XVIII, estaban bastante endeudadas. A mediados del siglo XVIII, la clase emergente de hombres de negocios y de prestamistas era, de hecho, la poseedora de los grandes activos de éstos y de otros Grandes de Portugal ya que los mismos servían de garantía a los créditos concedidos. Sin embargo, la aristocracia, profundamente endogámica, no se permitía ninguna contaminación con las clases adineradas, pero sin título. Este hecho nos sirve de punto de partida para llegar a conclusiones tangenciales de coyuntura para la década de los 50 del siglo XVIII, así como también de estructura, válidas éstas para todo el período pombalino, por lo que respecta a los Grandes de Portugal.Each country has its own histograph cases and Portugal is no exception. We have plenty of cases, lots of doubts and many histories. September 3 1758 will be forever a landmark shrouded in mistery, which doesn’t prevent our attempt to bring to the light, as much as possible, the attempt on D. José’s life, close to what was known as the place of Belém. The murder plot gave

  20. Terceiro trimestre de gravidez: conhecimentos para o nascimento. Resultados preliminares.

    OpenAIRE

    Azevedo, Ana; Gomes, Maria José; Galvão, Ana Maria

    2013-01-01

    A gravidez é um período na vida da mulher em que esta se encontra ávida de saber, para se preparar física, psicológica e socialmente para o parto e para a maternidade. Esta é entendida pelos investigadores como uma fase de intensa aprendizagem. Os Enfermeiros Especialistas de Saúde Materna e Obstétrica em Portugal nos cursos de preparação para o nascimento acompanham a grávida e ministram-lhe a formação adequada que lhes permita vivenciar de forma equilibrada e saudável este período da sua...

  1. A aplicação da ISSO14001 em Portugal e consequente relevância da auditoria interna

    OpenAIRE

    Gomes, João António Marinheiro

    2015-01-01

    A aplicação da NP EN ISO 14001:2012, em Portugal, tem vindo a ser de fundamental importância para todas as organizações e atividades económicas, pelo que se entende adequado basear esta dissertação numa avaliação da aplicação da ISO 14001, por sector de atividade, distrito, região e dimensão das organizações e verificar a relevância da auditoria interna. Em consequência disso iniciou-se uma revisão bibliográfica sobre esta temática, efetuou-se uma análise rigorosa à evolução da aplicação a IS...

  2. Modelação espacial do risco de ignição em Portugal Continental

    OpenAIRE

    Catry, Filipe Xavier

    2007-01-01

    Dissertação apresentada como requisito parcial para obtenção do grau de Mestre em Ciência e Sistemas de Informação Geográfica Portugal regista actualmente a densidade mais elevada de focos de incêndio entre os países do sul da Europa Mediterrânica. A capacidade de prever a ocorrência de ignições pode constituir um importante instrumento, auxiliando os gestores na definição de prioridades entre áreas com risco de propagação idêntico, e proporcionando uma melhor eficácia na distr...

  3. Impacto da rede de distribuição eléctrica nas aves selvagens em Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Neves, João Pedro Dâmaso

    2010-01-01

    A interacção das populações de aves selvagens de Portugal com a rede de distribuição de energia eléctrica foi avaliada entre 2003 e 2008, com o objectivo principal de contribuir para compatibilizar o serviço de fornecimento de energia e a conservação. Foi realizada uma caracterização global dos impactos da colisão e da electrocussão, tendo em conta as tipologias de linhas, os habitats atravessados e a época do ano das amostragens. Foi também feita uma avaliação da eficáci...

  4. Caryospora peneireiroi n. sp. (Apicomplexa: Eimeriidae) in the common kestrel, Falco tinnunculus (Falconiformes: Falconidae), in mainland Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cardozo, Sergian Vianna; Berto, Bruno Pereira; Caetano, Inês; Maniero, Viviane Camara; Fonseca, Isabel Pereira da; Lopes, Carlos Wilson Gomes

    2016-06-01

    The common kestrel Falco tinnunculus Linnaeus, 1758, is a widespread raptor, native in Europe, Asia and Africa, and vagrant in the Americas. In the current work, 27 fecal samples were collected from common kestrels kept in the Lisbon Center for Wild Animal Recovery, located at Monsanto Forest Park, Lisbon, Portugal. Five (19%) of them were found to be passing an undescribed species of Caryospora in their feces. The oocysts of Caryospora peneireiroi n. sp. were ellipsoidal with a bilayered wall and measured 47.1 × 37.6 µm with a shape index of 1.25. No micropyle, oocyst residuum or polar granule was present. The sporocysts were subspherical, measuring 25.1 × 24.3 µm. Stieda, sub-Stieda and para-Stieda bodies were absent. The sporocyst residuum was composed of many homogenous globules scattered throughout the periphery of the sporocyst. This is the fourth caryosporan species reported from F. tinnunculus. PMID:27334821

  5. Caryospora peneireiroi n. sp. (Apicomplexa: Eimeriidae in the common kestrel, Falco tinnunculus (Falconiformes: Falconidae, in mainland Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergian Vianna Cardozo

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The common kestrel Falco tinnunculus Linnaeus, 1758, is a widespread raptor, native in Europe, Asia and Africa, and vagrant in the Americas. In the current work, 27 fecal samples were collected from common kestrels kept in the Lisbon Center for Wild Animal Recovery, located at Monsanto Forest Park, Lisbon, Portugal. Five (19% of them were found to be passing an undescribed species of Caryospora in their feces. The oocysts of Caryospora peneireiroi n. sp. were ellipsoidal with a bilayered wall and measured 47.1 × 37.6 µm with a shape index of 1.25. No micropyle, oocyst residuum or polar granule was present. The sporocysts were subspherical, measuring 25.1 × 24.3 µm. Stieda, sub-Stieda and para-Stieda bodies were absent. The sporocyst residuum was composed of many homogenous globules scattered throughout the periphery of the sporocyst. This is the fourth caryosporan species reported from F. tinnunculus.

  6. Caryospora peneireiroi n. sp. (Apicomplexa: Eimeriidae) in the common kestrel, Falco tinnunculus (Falconiformes: Falconidae), in mainland Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cardozo, Sergian Vianna; Berto, Bruno Pereira; Caetano, Inês; Maniero, Viviane Camara; Fonseca, Isabel Pereira da; Lopes, Carlos Wilson Gomes

    2016-06-01

    The common kestrel Falco tinnunculus Linnaeus, 1758, is a widespread raptor, native in Europe, Asia and Africa, and vagrant in the Americas. In the current work, 27 fecal samples were collected from common kestrels kept in the Lisbon Center for Wild Animal Recovery, located at Monsanto Forest Park, Lisbon, Portugal. Five (19%) of them were found to be passing an undescribed species of Caryospora in their feces. The oocysts of Caryospora peneireiroi n. sp. were ellipsoidal with a bilayered wall and measured 47.1 × 37.6 µm with a shape index of 1.25. No micropyle, oocyst residuum or polar granule was present. The sporocysts were subspherical, measuring 25.1 × 24.3 µm. Stieda, sub-Stieda and para-Stieda bodies were absent. The sporocyst residuum was composed of many homogenous globules scattered throughout the periphery of the sporocyst. This is the fourth caryosporan species reported from F. tinnunculus.

  7. Propriedade e a moradia na regularização fundiária: Brasil e Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Holz, Sheila

    2009-01-01

    O presente trabalho propõe-se a analisar a proteção jurídica do direito fundamental à propriedade e à moradia/habitação nas regularizações fundiárias no Brasil e em Portugal, através dos instrumentos jurídicos existentes para a regularização de suas áreas ilegais e irregulares. A moradia/habitação e a propriedade são direitos humanos, constitucionalizados nas Constituições brasileira e portuguesa como direitos fundamentais que devem ser garantidos a todos os cidadãos. Também nos dois paíse...

  8. Dictatorship and revolution: Socio-political reconstructions of collective memory in post-authoritarian Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Loff, Manuel

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This article inserts itself into larger discussions regarding post-dictatorship memory politics in Portugal and comparative studies of similar histories of violence in Europe, particularly examinations of National-Socialism, Nazism and the Holocaust, as well as comparative studies of twentieth-century fascist dictatorships in the Iberian peninsula. In spite of the revolutionary, radical nature of the Portuguese democratisation process, studies conducted during the last four decades on the social and political (reconstructions of memory regarding the Portuguese dictatorship (1926-1974 have demonstrated that state policies regarding the past have depicted the dictatorship as one that is very similar to events in countries where the process of democratic transition was actually quite different from that of Portugal. Right-wing groups and those who self-describe as “victims” of processes of decolonisation that occurred between 1974 and 1975 have established a pattern of public debate that leaves no room for discussing the dictatorship without also referring to the 1974-1975 Revolution. This mode of debate seems to suggest that these two periods of history are indicative of a global regime phenomenon and that both the processes of decolonisation and revolution affected Portuguese society in similar ways. This paper attempts to complicate these narratives in order to question the democratic forms that emerged after the Revolution and to compare it to Salazar’s dictatorial regime.Este artículo se encuadra en una discusión más amplia sobre las políticas de la memoria de la posdictadura salazarista en Portugal, y en estudios comparados sobre historias semejantes de violencia en Europa, especialmente las relativas al nacional-socialismo, el nazismo y el Holocausto. También se refiere a los estudios comparados sobre las dictaduras fascistas en la Península Ibérica. A pesar de la naturaleza revolucionaria y radical del proceso de democratizaci

  9. Epidemiological review of Toxoplasma gondii infection in humans and animals in Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toxoplasmosis is a worldwide zoonosis. However, data from Portugal are limited and a considerable part of the literature is in Portuguese. Currently, the rate of congenital infection in Portugal is unknown, and almost nothing is known of sequelae of congenital toxoplasmosis. There is no general popu...

  10. Kolmas vaatus Euroopa võlakriisis - Portugal. Oht Portugali mainel / Sirje Rank

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rank, Sirje, 1966-

    2011-01-01

    Portugal kavatseb läbi viia riigivõlakirjade emissiooni, samas müüvad teisedki riigid lähiajal võlakirju, mille riskiaste on väiksem. Portugal eitab väidet, nagu oleks Saksamaa ja Prantsusmaa survestanud teda Euroopa kriisifondist abi küsima

  11. Reverse FDI in Europe: An Analysis of Angola’s FDI in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Carlos P. Barros; Bruno Damásio; João R. Faria

    2011-01-01

    This paper analyses investment from Angola in Portugal. An open economy model with money laundering is proposed and then tested with a time series Bayesian regression. The result reveals that exports and corruption are the positive determinants of Angola FDI in Portugal. Policy implications are derived.

  12. Population mobility and the changing epidemics of HIV-2 in Portugal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Carvalho, A C; Valadas, E; França, L;

    2012-01-01

    Portugal is the European country with the highest frequency of HIV-2 infection, which is mainly concentrated in West Africa. The cumulative number of notified HIV-2 infections in Portugal was 1813 by the end of December 2008. To better characterize the dynamics of HIV-2 infection in the country a...

  13. First records of crocodyle and pterosaur tracks in the Upper Jurassic of Portugal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mateus, Octavio; Milàn, Jesper

    2010-01-01

    The Upper Jurassic of Portugal has a rich vertebrate fauna well documented from both body and trace fossils. Although the occurrence of crocodyles and pterosaurs is well documented from body fossils, trace fossils from both groups were unknown until now. Here we describe an isolated crocodyle...... Late Jurassic vertebrate fauna of Portugal....

  14. Developmental Dyslexia: Perspectives on Teacher Training and Learning Disabilities in Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carvalhais, Lenia; da Silva, Carlos Fernandes

    2010-01-01

    The focus of this study was to explore primary teachers' attitudes and perceptions toward their training experiences, instructional practices, and supports received in their schools toward working with students with dyslexia in Portugal. Primary school teachers from the centre of Portugal, working with children between the first and fourth grades,…

  15. AS ORDENAÇÕES AFONSINAS E OS JUDEUS EM PORTUGAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosana de Melo Louro

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho utilizou como fonte primária as leis contidas nas Ordenações Afonsinas concernentes aos judeus e, assim, pretendeu-se compreender como se configurava a situação destes no reino português a partir das disposições contidas naquelas, uma vez que abarcavam leis de regulamentação específica ao povo mosaico. A problemática empregue nesta pesquisa teve como fulcro as políticas de afirmação régia e como estas se valiam das leis criadas e/ou ratificadas na compilação, para auxiliar no intuito da centralização do poder. Como o tema da pesquisa restringiu-se aos judeus em Portugal, buscou-se analisar a fonte com o olhar direcionado à problemática supracitada, sem deixar de lado as considerações relacionadas à condição de minoria religiosa daquele povo, já que por esse motivo formavam uma comuna independente estruturalmente das comunas cristãs e, portanto, também interagiam nas linhas de força entre a dinâmica social do poder local das comunas e o poder centralizador dos monarcas.

  16. Morfologia e Crescimento dos 6 aos 10 anos de idade em Viana do Castelo, Portugal

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    Luis Paulo Rodrigues

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Ao longo de quatro anos, o Estudo Morfofuncional da Criança Vianense observou 1911 crianças entre os 6e os 10 anos de idade, resultando em 4064 observações individuais(2054 de raparigas, 2006 de rapazes.Os resultados encontrados nos indicadores morfológicos simples(altura, peso, pregas adiposas, diâmetros ósseos e perímetros muscularese no somatótipo, são descritos normativamente (valores percentílicose comparados com outros estudos nacionais e internacionais. As crianças vianenses demonstraram possuir uma estatura média ligeiramente superior às reportadas nos estudos portugueses e um ritmo de crescimento diferente das norte-americanas; peso semelhante ao das congéneres nacionais mas inferior ao das EUA; valores de pregas adiposas geralmente inferiores aos encontrados em Portugal e EUA; perímetros musculares e diâmetros ósseos semelhantes aos seus pares portugueses; e uma tendência para o aumento, com a idade, do ectomorfismo nos rapazes e do endomorfismo em ambos os sexos. Este panorama parece indicar que as crianças vianenses apresentam características de aptidão morfologia que estão longe de espelhar as preocupações internacionais nesta matéria.

  17. O OFÍCIO DA PINTURA EM PORTUGAL E O PROJETO DA ACADEMIA DE PINTURA

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    Raquel Quinet Pifano

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo aborda o processo de reconhecimento do estatuto teórico das artes visuais e a consequente transformação do estatuto social do artista na Europa a partir do século XV. A formulação inédita de uma teoria da arte fundamentará tal processo e justificará a criação da Academia de Desenho em Florença no século XVI. A partir daí, muitas academias serão fundadas na Europa, consolidando paulatinamente a institucionalização da arte da pintura, escultura e arquitetura como artes liberais. Embora Portugal não se mantenha à margem deste processo, precisou esperar a dissolução do sistema de organização dos ofícios mecânicos em corporações para então fundar uma Academia de Belas Artes. Reflete-se aqui sobre o processo português de liberalização da arte: as relações entre a prática efetiva da pintura, a teoria da arte e o projeto de uma Academia de Pintura proposto pelo pintor Cyrillo Volkmar Machado.

  18. RELATO DE SUSTENTABILIDADE DE EMPRESAS DA CONSTRUÇÃO CIVIL EM PORTUGAL E ESPANHA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dina da Costa Caetano

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available O relatório de sustentabilidade é a prática de medir e divulgar através de um relatório, o desempenho económico, social e ambiental de uma organização empresarial. O processo de divulgação é voluntário, no entanto verifica-se um gradual crescimento na divulgação desta informação. Este estudo pretende caracterizar as práticas de divulgação de sustentabilidade no setor da construção civil em Portugal e em Espanha referente aos anos de 2009 a 2011 que efetuem relatório de sustentabilidade de acordo com a estrutura de divulgação da Global Reporting Initiative. Para recolha dos dados necessários ao estudo utilizou-se a análise de conteúdo. Analisou-se então, os relatórios e contas e relatórios de sustentabilidade da população em estudo.

  19. Dinâmicas atuais da enfermagem em Portugal: a representação dos enfermeiros Dinámicas actuales de la enfermeria en Portugal: la representación de los enfermeros Current dynamics of nursing in Portugal: nurses' representations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felismina Rosa Parreira Mendes

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Trata-se de pesquisa qualitativa, com o objetivo de identificar as representações dos enfermeiros acerca das dinâmicas atuais da profissão, os marcos de sua evolução e as perspectivas futuras, realizada com vinte enfermeiros de Évora-Portugal, em abril/ maio de 2009, através de testemunhos narrativos. A formação ao longo dos anos e a Ordem dos Enfermeiros foram representadas como pilares centrais na construção da identidade profissional. A autonomia integra o cotidiano de cuidados, mas as questões hegemônicas de poder na equipe de saúde continuam a pautar a atuação dos enfermeiros e a balizar o seu auto e heterorreconhecimento profissional e social. As perspectivas futuras se direcionam para a empregabilidade, carreira e se consubstanciam na esperança de uns e na incerteza de outros.Se trata de pesquisa cualitativa con el objeto de identificar las representaciones de los enfermeros sobre las dinámicas actuales de la profesión, los hitos de su evolución y las perspectivas futuras, realizadas con veinte enfermeros de Évora en Portugal entre los meses de abril y mayo de 2009, por medio de declaraciones. La formación a lo largo de los años y la Orden de los Enfermeros fueron mostrados como pilares principales en la construcción de la identidad profesional. La autonomía integra los cuidados diarios, así como las cuestiones de hegemonía de poder en el equipo de salud que continúan a balizar la actuación de los enfermeros y a nortear su auto y heteroreconocimiento profesional y social. Las perspectivas futuras se direccionan para la empregabilidad, carrera y se consustancian en la esperanza de unos y la incertidumbre de otros.This research study, with a qualitative approach was carried out aiming to identify nurses' representation on current professional dynamics, evolutionary landmarks and the future outlook for Portuguese nursing with twenty nurses from Évora, Portugal, in April / May of 2009, through narrative

  20. A dissecação como ferramenta pedagógica no ensino da Anatomia em Portugal

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    Carlos Marques Pontinha

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Ao longo da História, a importância da utilização de cadáveres humanos para o ensino e investigação não tem sido consensual. No passado, a obtenção dos cadáveres indispensáveis ao ensino passou pelo recurso a cadáveres de reclusos, de não reclamados e ao roubo e/ou compra. Para além da inadmissibilidade ética e jurídica destas soluções, estas revelaram-se insuficientes para as necessidades das escolas médicas. Nas últimas décadas, a consciência global da legitimidade da doação de cadáveres foi-se intensificando, considerando-se, hoje, a forma digna de colmatar essa falta. Neste artigo realizou-se uma revisão da literatura com o objetivo de se fazer uma resenha histórica, jurídica e pedagógica sobre a importância da utilização de cadáveres humanos no ensino da Anatomia Humana nos cursos de Medicina, incluindo em Portugal, nomeadamente pelo recurso à dissecação cadavérica em complementaridade com outras ferramentas pedagógicas.

  1. Drought and vegetation stress monitoring in Portugal using satellite data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Gouveia

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Remote sensed information on vegetation and soil moisture, namely the Normalised Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI and the Soil Water Index (SWI, is employed to monitor the spatial extent, severity and persistence of drought episodes over Continental Portugal, from 1999 to 2006. The severity of a given drought episode is assessed by evaluating the cumulative impact over time of drought conditions on vegetation. Special attention is given to the drought episodes that have occurred in the last decade, i.e., 1999, 2002 and particularly the major event of 2005. During both the 1999 and 2005 drought episodes negative anomalies of NDVI are observed over large sectors of Southern Portugal for up to nine months (out of eleven of the vegetative cycle. On the contrary, the 2002 event was characterized by negative anomalies in the northern half of Portugal and for a shorter period (eight out of eleven months. The impact of soil moisture on vegetation dynamics is evaluated by analyzing monthly anomalies of SWI and by studying the annual cycle of SWI vs. NDVI. While in the case of the drought episode of 1999 the scarcity of water in the soil persisted until spring, in the recent episode of 2005 the deficit in greenness was already apparent at the end of summer. The impact of dry periods on vegetation is clearly observed in both arable land and forest, and it is found that arable land presents a higher sensitivity. From an operational point of view, obtained results reveal the possibility of using the developed methodology to monitor, in quasi real-time, vegetation stress and droughts in Mediterranean ecosystems.

  2. Drought and vegetation stress monitoring in Portugal using satellite data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gouveia, C.; Trigo, R. M.; Dacamara, C. C.

    2009-02-01

    Remote sensed information on vegetation and soil moisture, namely the Normalised Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) and the Soil Water Index (SWI), is employed to monitor the spatial extent, severity and persistence of drought episodes over Continental Portugal, from 1999 to 2006. The severity of a given drought episode is assessed by evaluating the cumulative impact over time of drought conditions on vegetation. Special attention is given to the drought episodes that have occurred in the last decade, i.e., 1999, 2002 and particularly the major event of 2005. During both the 1999 and 2005 drought episodes negative anomalies of NDVI are observed over large sectors of Southern Portugal for up to nine months (out of eleven) of the vegetative cycle. On the contrary, the 2002 event was characterized by negative anomalies in the northern half of Portugal and for a shorter period (eight out of eleven months). The impact of soil moisture on vegetation dynamics is evaluated by analyzing monthly anomalies of SWI and by studying the annual cycle of SWI vs. NDVI. While in the case of the drought episode of 1999 the scarcity of water in the soil persisted until spring, in the recent episode of 2005 the deficit in greenness was already apparent at the end of summer. The impact of dry periods on vegetation is clearly observed in both arable land and forest, and it is found that arable land presents a higher sensitivity. From an operational point of view, obtained results reveal the possibility of using the developed methodology to monitor, in quasi real-time, vegetation stress and droughts in Mediterranean ecosystems.

  3. Determinants of birth weight in Portugal: 1988 to 2011.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fuster, Vicente; Santos, Carlota

    2016-01-01

    The objective of this paper is to analyse temporal birth weight variation, its relationship to the frequency of premature births in Portugal, and the influence of native and immigrant mothers' characteristics as well as to determine the possible existence of a pattern of temporal change in birth weight in the Iberian Peninsula as a whole. Individual mother-child data from the Portuguese National Institute of Statistics regarding live births (N = 2,661,542) permitted an analysis, for the first time, of weight at birth in Portugal from a bio-demographic perspective. The results obtained show that from 1988 to 2011 there was a gradual decline in the average weight at birth in Portugal that may be related to shifts in the duration of gestation. An initial rapid decline in the relative frequency of post-term births took place, followed by small variations from 1995 on. Logistic regressions indicated a pattern unaffected by maternal origin or the sex of the newborn. With regard to weeks of gestation, the odds values obtained were < 1 when the reference category was < 28 weeks. For this factor, no significant differences were found in relation to the mother's origin. Portuguese mothers over 35 years were associated with a higher incidence of low birth weight. Regardless of maternal origin, being a newborn of parity 1, and with the mother not in a couple, resulted in unfavourable outcomes with regard to low birth weight. On the other hand, long gestation periods and having secondary or university education constituted a protective factor.

  4. Social competence and academic achievement in immigrant adolescents in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Guimarães, Sofia; Lemos, Ida; Nunes, Cristina

    2012-01-01

    El objetivo del presente estudio fue el de evaluar la relación entre las competencias sociales, el desempeño académico y una serie de características familiares en una muestra de 98 adolescentes inmigrantes de la región del Algarve (Portugal). Se utilizó el Self-report Form del Social Skills Rating System y se recogieron datos sobre el desempeño escolar y las variables asociadas a la familia como la situación y cualificación laboral de los padres, el número de años ...

  5. Modelos de ensino superior militar de Portugal e Espanha

    OpenAIRE

    Barreira, João, 1964-

    2013-01-01

    Sabemos que nos últimos 30 anos o Ensino Superior Militar (ESM) seguiu um percurso de convergência com o sistema de ensino superior nacional e, mais tarde, no sentido da acreditação internacional, seguindo as diretivas e critérios estabelecidos pelo processo de Bolonha. Por sua vez, Espanha também optou por seguir os critérios estabelecidos pelo processo de Bolonha, mas num caminho diferente do escolhido por Portugal. É neste sentido que o presente estudo visa analisar a exequibilidade de ...

  6. Ochratoxin A in Portugal: A Review to Assess Human Exposure

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    Sofia C. Duarte

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available In Portugal, the climate, dietary habits, and food contamination levels present the characteristics for higher population susceptibility to ochratoxin A (OTA, one of the known mycotoxins with the greatest public health and agro-economic importance. In this review, following a brief historical insight on OTA research, a summary of the available data on OTA occurrence in food (cereals, bread, wine, meat and biological fluids (blood, urine is made. With this data, an estimation of intake is made to ascertain and update the risk exposure estimation of the Portuguese population, in comparison to previous studies and other populations.

  7. A responsabilidade civil das sociedades de advogados em Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Dias Simões, Fernando

    2008-01-01

    En Portugal, las sociedades de abogados pueden optar por un régimen de responsabilidad limitada o ilimitada. En las sociedades de abogados de responsabilidad limitada solamente la sociedad responde de las deudas sociales, teniendo la sociedad que contratar un seguro de responsabilidad civil. La admisión de este tipo de sociedad, con exclusión de la responsabilidad de los socios, implica una limitación de la responsabilidad por actos del propio deudor en las hipótesis de dolo o ...

  8. Choosing a university in Portugal: a conceptual model

    OpenAIRE

    Queijo, E.; R Silva; Laureano, R. M. S.

    2013-01-01

    This study, based on the scientific domains of consumer Behavior (decision-making process) and Brand Reputation perception, aims to check if Tourism is the key influencer or only a part of the set of components in the choice of a university in Portugal. The marketing mix (4 Ps) was the strategy chosen for the construction of the model and the parametric tests and the Logit Model are the statistical approaches suggested in this study. The limitations lie in the scarce literature on the subject...

  9. Alcoholismo, suicidio y factores de riesgo en Portugal.

    OpenAIRE

    Elsa Ferreira de Castro; F Pimenta; Martins, I

    1992-01-01

    Se analiza indirectamente la contribución del alcoholismo en el suicidio. Se comparan las tasas de muerte por cirrosis hepática y por suicidio en Portugal y en el distrito de Lisboa, por sexo y profesiones. Las tasas son significativamente más altas en los hombres, los agricultores y en el distrito. Se concluye que el abuso alcohólico puede contribuir al aumento del suicidio. Se argumenta que los hombres sufren de depresión más grave y tienen tasas de suicidio más elevado debido, entre otros ...

  10. The Neogene of the Lower Tagus Basin (Portugal)

    OpenAIRE

    Pais, João

    2010-01-01

    Revista Española de Paleontologia 19 (2), 229-242 The Tertiary Lower Tagus Basin (LTB) occupies a large area in Portugal and constitutes a symmetric basin of the oriental huge Upper Tagus Basin, centered at Madrid (Spain). The LTB was an endorreic basin during the Paleogene. Marine connection occurred at the Lower Aquitanian; at the Lisbon – Setúbal Peninsula region the sedimentation was in the ocean/continent interface, with several changes in the coast line. Apparently, the first mar...

  11. Feminism By Other Means: Reframing The Abortion Debate In Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Whitten, Margarite J.

    2013-01-01

    On February 11, 2007, Portugal posed a referendum aimed at decriminalizing abortion and making it free on demand during the first ten weeks of pregnancy—the referendum passed. There was a noticeable shift in the arguments of the Yes campaign between the referendums in 1998 and 2007. Feminist discourse was intentionally and explicitly excluded from the 2007 Yes campaign after being blamed for the failure of the first referendum, even though the Yes campaign lost by less than a 1% margin in 199...

  12. English as medium of instruction in Finland and in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Santos, Ana Sofia Ribeiro dos

    2010-01-01

    Esta tese explora o tema do Inglês como língua de instrução no ensino superior europeu, através da comparação de dois países, Portugal e Finlândia. Duas universidades (a Universidade de Aveiro e a Universidade de Tampere) foram seleccionadas como estudos de caso. A investigação segue uma metodologia qualitativa aplicada às especificidades de um estudo comparativo, e a recolha de dados foi feita através de análise documental, bem como de entrevistas em ambas as instituições. ...

  13. The health status of the population in Portugal: an overview

    OpenAIRE

    Cortes, Maria

    2015-01-01

    The health status of the population reflects not only the responsiveness and quality of the health sector, but also the progress that exists in society in economic and social terms. Having a cumulative and intersectoral nature, health is the result of a set of social determinants (e.g., education, income, etc.) and not only of the investment in health care. This paper analyses briefly the course of strategic planning in Portugal, as well as some indicators of the health status of the populati...

  14. Evolution of upwelling fronts off the coast of Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-01-01

    We have analyzed the spatial and temporal variability of chlorophyll in the Atlantic Ocean off the Portugal coast using satellite imagery from 1979 to 1986 in conjunction with wind data. The spatial patterns in the imagery show the typical inshore-offshore and east-west gradients, while the temporal patterns show seasonal high winter values and low summer values. In the satellite imagery for the period 1979-1986, stable mesoscale and large scale patterns recurred despite interannual differences in absolute satellite-derived pigment concentrations.

  15. Autoridade Aeronáutica Militar em Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Machado, Isabel

    2010-01-01

    A 7-Julho-2009 foi publicada a última revisão da Lei de Defesa Nacional e da Lei Orgânica do Ministério da Defesa Nacional, que cria a Autoridade Aeronáutica Nacional (AAN), na dependência directa do Ministro da Defesa Nacional, sendo o Gen. CEMFA, por inerência, Autoridade Aeronáutica Nacional. Esta autoridade foi definida como regulada por legislação própria, legislação essa que ainda não foi aprovada. Esta investigação intitula-se - Autoridade Aeronáutica Militar em Portugal...

  16. Affordable housing and urban regeneration in Portugal: a troubled tryst?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Branco, Rosa; Alves, Sonia

    demographic trajectory over recent decades. Despite some signs of sporadic residential gentrification, the local social fabric continues to be characterized by an ageing population and weak educational and socio-economic capital. In the current phase of economic and social crisis, it is critical to consider...... in the analysis of the sustainability and social relevance of current strategies....... whether and how the new agents of urban regeneration, in particular the Urban Rehabilitation Societies, are providing affordable housing in these areas. In this context, it makes sense to discuss the meaning of concepts and models of social and affordable housing in Portugal since they are key elements...

  17. Modelling of water quality in the Alqueva Reservoir, Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Fontes, Cláudia Lindim

    2011-01-01

    A eutrofização constitui um sério problema ambiental em lagos e albufeiras. A albufeira de Alqueva (Portugal) é a maior albufeira da Europa ocidental e constitui um importante recurso aquático regional. O principal afluente de Alqueva, o rio Guadiana, introduz elevadas cargas de nutrientes na albufeira fazendo com que a eutrofização seja motivo de preocupação nesta albufeira. Apesar da sua importância e problemas, existem poucos estudos científicos sobre a albufeira de Alqueva....

  18. Prevalence and seasonal variations of canine dirofilariosis in Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alho, Ana Margarida; Landum, Miguel; Ferreira, Cátia; Meireles, José; Gonçalves, Luzia; de Carvalho, Luís Madeira; Belo, Silvana

    2014-11-15

    Dirofilariosis is a severe vector-borne emergent disease that is spreading worldwide and becoming a serious threat to human and veterinary public health. Portugal, a Mediterranean country, has favorable climate conditions for mosquito development and survival. At present, accurate data on the prevalence and epidemiological pattern of dirofilariosis in Portugal is scarce and outdated. To study these trends, a project was developed to assess the current prevalence of Dirofilaria immitis infection in shelter dogs as well as the prevalence of Dirofilaria species present in three coastal regions in central Portugal: Coimbra, Santarém, and Setúbal. Blood samples were collected from 696 shelter dogs during three consecutive years: 2011, 2012, and 2013. A rapid immunomigration technique was performed to detect female D. immitis antigens. Concurrently, to detect and identify circulating microfilariae, a modified Knott's technique and acid phosphatase histochemical staining were also performed. Of the 696 dogs sampled, 105 were positive for D. immitis, with an overall prevalence of 15.1%. Forty of the 105 dogs were antigen negative but were positive for D. immitis microfilariae. Three animals were co-infected with D. immitis and Acanthocheilonema dracunculoides, and there was also one dog infected only with A. dracunculoides, all confirmed by polymerase chain reaction. The highest prevalence of canine heartworm during the 3-y period was in Setúbal (24.8%), followed by Coimbra (13.8%), and Santarém (13.2%), with significant inter-district differences. Our results demonstrate a higher prevalence of dirofilariosis compared with findings of previous studies and show an increasing rate of infection in the southern areas of Portugal attributed, at least in part, to bioclimatic and ecological factors. The present study updates the epidemiological situation and correlates the risk of dirofilariosis transmission within each region. These findings are highly relevant to both human

  19. Outbreak of Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea Virus in Portugal, 2015.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mesquita, J R; Hakze-van der Honing, R; Almeida, A; Lourenço, M; van der Poel, W H M; Nascimento, M S J

    2015-12-01

    An outbreak of porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) in the South of Portugal in January 2015 and the spread of PEDV northwards in the territory are described. Comparative analysis of the amplified sequences showed a very high (99.0%) identity with the PEDV variant most recently reported in the United States and also show complete (100%) identity to the strains recently reported in Germany, supporting the hypothesis that a unique strain is currently circulating in Europe. The origin of this PEDV variant still needs to be elucidated and further studies in the remaining European countries may contribute to the knowledge.

  20. The Bologna Process in Portugal and Poland: A comparative study

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    Eduardo Tomé

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available We analyze the consequences of the introduction of the EU directed Bologna Process in Portuguese and Polish Universities. Specifically, we study how the Bologna Process has impacted in the employment situations of graduates in Portugal and Poland. Concerning methodology, we use available official data on the implementation of the Bologna Process in Poland and Portugal. We have found that the investment in Higher Education (HE stalled in both countries in the years since the implementation of the Bologna Process due to massive budgetary restrictions. Nevertheless, the stock of HE graduates increased massively, seemingly because the authorities thought that the free market should lead the HE market in the two countries. Employment prospects, unemployment prospects and wages of graduates continued to be much higher than those of non-graduates. But an unexpected divide appeared between graduates and Masters/PhDs, with important social consequences. While the first “saved” themselves and prospered going into high skilled jobs, the later had to endure minimum wage and underskilled occupations. The low payment for these youngsters was also justified because the supply of HE with Bologna increased but the demand by companies did not match. In fact, both Portugal and Poland have stronger needs in the demand side of the market than in the supply side. Finally, both markets continue to be essentially public and the experiences of privatization did not succeed to much. In terms of social implications, the Bologna Process faces in both countries the massive and decisive challenge of eliminating youth unemployment and emigration but this can only be done with the cooperation of companies that should create high paid and high skilled jobs. Only when this occurs the Bologna Process will achieve its ultimate goal of transforming Portugal and Poland in high skilled equibriuns. Let us hope it happens, for the good of the two countries and particularly for the

  1. Stimuli given to pedagogical experiences and textbook production during the Modern Mathematics Period: the Brazil-Portugal context Estímulos dados às Experiências Pedagógicas e à Produção de Livros Didáticos no Período da Matemática Moderna: contexto Brasil-Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gladys Denise Wielewski

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available In the Twentieth century, school mathematics became the focus of attention in national and international congresses, pointing to the need to rethink its teaching methodology. The discussion around the theme extended and resulted, in the late 1950’s, in the development of a proposal for the internationalization of the mathematics teaching methodology, involving organizations such as UNESCO and OECE. The OECE developed recommendations for the implementation of modern mathematics (MM. These recommendations were disseminated and resignified in many different countries.Based on some of the OECE’s recommendations, we seek to identify how they were operationalized in Brazil and Portugal. The question is: What did experiences with the MM and the publication of textbooks represent in these countries? Therefore, we used the bibliography about MM, official documents found in the historical archives of Portugal, and an interview with a Modernization of Mathematics Period participant. Keywords: Modern Mathematics. Pedagogical Experience. Comparative Historical Research.No século XX, a matemática escolar tornou-se foco de atenção em congressos nacionais e internacionais, evidenciando uma necessidade de se repensar seu ensino. A discussão ampliou-se e resultou, no final da década de 1950, na elaboração de uma proposta de internacionalização do ensino de Matemática, contando com o envolvimento de órgãos como UNESCO e OECE. A OECE propiciou a elaboração de recomendações para a implantação da Matemática Moderna (MM. Essas recomendações foram divulgadas e ressignificadas em diversos países. Pretendemos, a partir de algumas das recomendações da OECE, identificar como estas foram operacionalizadas, tendo como referência Brasil e Portugal. Pergunta-se: o que representou a realização de experiências com a MM e a publicação de livros didáticos nestes países? Para tanto, utilizamos produção bibliográfica sobre MM, documentos

  2. Deterioration of the granitic stones of main front of the Vila Real Cathedral (N of Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gomes, M. E. P.

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The cathedral of Vila Real (North of Portugal is located in the city centre and at least four regional two-mica granites were used in its construction. A petrographic study of these granites concluded that the stones had different degrees of alterations. The identification of some physical properties of the granites –open porosity, real and apparent density, free water absorption, porometry and capillary transmission– confirms their susceptibility to degrees of weathering. A recent cleaning intervention was made and several types of deterioration were visible in the monument‚s stones, namely: granular disintegration, some thin black layers, plates, flakes and black crusts, especially in the main front exposed to SW. Granular disintegration is the most important deterioration process and is responsible for the loss of material in the most-affected stones; it is also related to the presence of small amounts of highly soluble salts such as halite and nitrates and to solar exposure.La Catedral de Vila Real (Norte de Portugal se encuentra en el centro de la ciudad y se han utilizado, al menos, cuatro granitos de dos micas para su construcción extraídos de sus alrededores. El estudio petrográfico de estos granitos pone de manifiesto que poseen un diferente grado de alteración. La determinación de algunas propiedades físicas de los granitos –porosidad abierta, densidad aparente y real, absorción libre de agua, porometría y capilaridad– confirman los distintos grados de alteración. La catedral ha sufrido una reciente limpieza y sobre las piedras de la Catedral se observan distintas formas de alteración, sobre todo desagregación granular (arenización, escasas pátinas finas negras, desplacaciones, escamas y costras negras, especialmente en la fachada principal, expuesta al SW. El fenómeno de la desagregación granular es el más importante y es el responsable de de la pérdida de material en las piedras más afectadas. Su g

  3. Realidad y perspectiva de las competencias para el ejercicio directivo en Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Silva, José Manuel

    2011-01-01

    En la presente comunicación se aborda la realidad portuguesa de la gestión escolar. Se analiza el encuadramiento legislativo, la contratación, la formación y la evaluación de los directores de las escuelas no superiores en un contexto que es muy marcado por la definición de tipologías de funciones y muy poco por competencias. Simultáneamente, se presentan los resultados de una investigación sobre competencias de liderazgo y se cruzan elementos con la experiencia de los países i...

  4. Um percurso para o design dos equipamentos sanitários em Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Pinto, Vanda Alexandra de Magalhães, 1987-

    2011-01-01

    Tese de mestrado, Design de Equipamento, especialização em Design Urbano e de Interiores, Universidade de Lisboa, Faculdade de Belas Artes, 2011 Since a long time, hygiene has been part of everyday life of human beings. Although this concept only has consolidated in a recent period, humankind has been worried, more or less consciously, with the care of its body, during the development of civilization. The changes occurred in the area of personal hygiene suffered a long journey, re...

  5. Agências de viagens do futuro : um arquétipo para Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Salvado, Josefina Olívia Marques Godinho

    2009-01-01

    A distribuição turística reconhece nos drivers da economia digital um efeito incentivador da produtividade e da rendibilidade, conduzindo a vantagens competitivas sustentáveis. O grande poder da Internet e a desregulamentação de alguns sectores económicos, veio revolucionar os conceitos de negócio, os processos organizacionais e sobretudo a gestão das cadeias de valor e de oferta das agências de viagens. A ampla tipologia de canais de retalho deste sector e as complexas relações entre eles, s...

  6. O VICUS ROMANO DE CANAS DE SENHORIM, PORTUGAL (The Roman Vicus of Canas de Senhorim, Portugal)

    OpenAIRE

    Marcelo Marques Miranda

    2016-01-01

    Os sítios arqueológicos de época romana conhecidos na vila de Canas de Senhorim levam alguns autores a propor a existência de um vicus. Este trabalho procura sintetizar o conhecimento sobre o património arqueológico desta vila e, através destes e de outros vestígios, nomeadamente as antigas vias romanas e alguns ainda inéditos, encontrar novas evidências que contribuam para o conhecimento deste lugar escassamente investigado. ENGLISH: The Roman archaeological sites located in the village of C...

  7. A importância das consultoras noprocesso de internacionalização das micro, pequenas e médias empresas em Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Castanheira, Olívia Vera Allen Celestino da Silva

    2014-01-01

    Relatório de Estágio Apresentado ao Instituto de Contabilidade e Administração do Porto para a obtenção do grau de Mestre em Empreendedorismo e Internacionalização, sob orientação da Mestre Inês Veiga Pereira Sob a temática ―A importância das Consultoras no Processo de Internacionalização das Micro, Pequenas e Médias Empresas em Portugal foi frequentado um estágio durante o segundo semestre do ano lectivo de 2013/14, para obtenção do grau de mestre em Empreendedorismo e Internacionalização...

  8. [Attitudes and beliefs regarding opioid maintenance treatment in Portugal: a survey to physicians, patients and opioid users].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goulão, João

    2013-01-01

    Introdução: Existem poucos estudos pan-europeus sobre programas terapêuticos com agonistas opiáceos, tanto da perspectiva dos prescritores, como dos doentes que os recebem e dos utilizadores de opióides que se mantêm fora do sistema de tratamento. O projecto ACCESS, um estudo europeu realizado em 11 países, explorou as atitudes e percepções dos médicos, doentes e utilizadores de opióides quanto à qualidade e ao acesso aos programas terapêuticos com agonistas opiáceos. O presente artigo descreve os principais resultados para Portugal.Material e Métodos: Os médicos que tratam doentes dependentes de opióides com recurso a programas terapêuticos com agonistas opiáceos foram inquiridos por entrevista directa; os doentes em programas terapêuticos com agonistas opiáceos, os doentes que não se encontravam em programas terapêuticos com agonistas opiáceos (em tratamento não farmacológico), e os utilizadores activos (pessoas dependentes de opióides que não se encontram actualmente em tratamento) receberam questionários de auto-preenchimento.Resultados: Verificou-se que, tanto os médicos como os doentes avaliam como ‘Bom’ o tratamento dos dependentes de opióides, em Portugal. O acesso ao tratamento foi considerado ‘Fácil’ pela maioria dos doentes e dos médicos, registando-se um elevado nível de satisfação entre os doentes. Contudo, o conhecimento dos doentes quanto às opções dos programas terapêuticos com agonistas opiáceos em Portugal encontra-se ainda abaixo do nível óptimo e as doses dos fármacos dos programas terapêuticos com agonistas opiáceos são frequentemente baixas.Discussão: Os resultados do projecto ACCESS, no que diz respeito a PTAO, são encorajadores e evidenciam quer as áreas de sucesso, quer as áreas que podem ser melhoradas no futuro, no que diz respeito ao sistema de tratamento de dependências de opióides em Portugal.Conclusões: O projecto ACCESS faz uma avaliação importante das atitudes e percep

  9. The volcanic-sedimentary sequence of the Lousal deposit, Iberian Pyrite Belt (Portugal)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosa, Carlos; Rosa, Diogo; Matos, Joao; Relvas, Jorge

    2010-05-01

    dominant fragmentation mechanism. Unlike many locations of the IPB, fiamme-rich pyroclastic units were not identified at Lousal. The ore deposits occur in close proximity with this volcanic centre that may have driven hydrothermal circulation that led to ore formation. The volcanic rocks show intense chloritic alteration, indicating that the mineralizing event occurred after most of the rhyolitic units have emplaced. The massive sulfides show abundant sedimentary structures which is not typical in the massive sulfide deposits of the IPB. The Lousal 50 Mt massive sulfide deposit consists of at least 11 ore bodies and was exploited until 1988 mainly for pyrite. The ores mined averaged 0.7% Cu, 0.8%Pb e 1.4%Zn (Strauss, 1971). These relatively low base metal grades led to an evaluation of the contents and distribution of high-tech element in the ore bodies, which would improve the economic viability of mining the deposit. This evaluation is currently focusing on the distribution and mineralogy of selenium, as ores mined in the past were known to be rich in this element. This work benefits from research projects INCA (PTDC/CTE-GIN/67027/2006; Characterization of crucial mineral resources for the development of renewable energy technologies: The Iberian Pyrite Belt ores as a source of indium and other high-technology elements) and project ARCHYMEDES II (POCTI/CTA/45873/2002), both funded by the Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia. REFERENCES Strauss, G.K., 1970. Sobre la geologia de la provincia piritifera del Suroeste de la Peninsula Iberica y sus yacimientos, en especial sobre la mina de pirita de Lousal (Portugal): Memoria del IGME 77, 1-266. Tornos, F., 2006. Environment of formation and styles of volcanogenic massive sulfides: The Iberian Pyrite Belt. Ore Geology Reviews 28, 259-307.

  10. Direct treatment costs of HIV/AIDS in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julian Perelman

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE To analyze the direct medical costs of HIV/AIDS in Portugal from the perspective of the National Health Service. METHODS A retrospective analysis of medical records was conducted for 150 patients from five specialized centers in Portugal in 2008. Data on utilization of medical resources during 12 months and patients’ characteristics were collected. A unit cost was applied to each care component using official sources and accounting data from National Health Service hospitals. RESULTS The average cost of treatment was 14,277 €/patient/year. The main cost-driver was antiretroviral treatment (€ 9,598, followed by hospitalization costs (€ 1,323. Treatment costs increased with the severity of disease from € 11,901 (> 500 CD4 cells/µl to € 23,351 (CD4 count ≤ 50 cells/ µl. Cost progression was mainly due to the increase in hospitalization costs, while antiretroviral treatment costs remained stable over disease stages. CONCLUSIONS The high burden related to antiretroviral treatment is counterbalanced by relatively low hospitalization costs, which, however, increase with severity of disease. The relatively modest progression of total costs highlights that alternative public health strategies that do not affect transmission of disease may only have a limited impact on expenditure, since treatment costs are largely dominated by constant antiretroviral treatment costs.

  11. Artisanal salt production in Aveiro/Portugal - an ecofriendly process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodrigues, Carolina M; Bio, Ana; Amat, Francisco; Vieira, Natividade

    2011-11-04

    Solar salinas are man-made systems exploited for the extraction of salt, by solar and wind evaporation of seawater. Salt production achieved by traditional methods is associated with landscapes and environmental and patrimonial values generated throughout history. Since the mid-twentieth century, this activity has been facing a marked decline in Portugal, with most salinas either abandoned or subjected to destruction, making it necessary to find a strategy to reverse this trend.It is, however, possible to generate revenue from salinas at several levels, not merely in terms of good quality salt production, but also by obtaining other products that can be commercialized, or by exploring their potential for tourism, and as research facilities, among others. Furthermore, with an adequate management, biodiversity can be restored to abandoned salinas, which constitute important feeding and breeding grounds for resident and migratory aquatic birds, many of which are protected by European Community Directives.The aims of this manuscript are to present a brief overview on the current state of sea salt exploitation in Portugal and to stress the importance of recovering these salinas for the conservation of this particular environment, for the regional economy, the scientific community and the general public. The Aveiro salina complex is presented in detail, to exemplify salina structure and functioning, as well as current problems and potential solutions for artisanal salinas.

  12. Training requirements for agro-food industry in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro D. Gaspar

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Agro-food companies are aware that the technical and soft skills of their employees directly influence business performance and, consequently, improving those skills will enhance the effectiveness and efficiency of their companies. This paper presents the main results of the AgriTraining project “Training requirements for the agro-food industry". Activities in pursuit of the objectives of this project involved: (1 analysis of the training needs in the agro-food industry in Portugal; (2 analysis of the training provision and the training organizations; (3 analysis of market trends; (4 definition of a training strategy; and (5 adjustment and development of training strategies for the agro-food sector. This last activity comprised the development of training curricula, suitable for the food sector as a whole and adjusted for the specific needs of some traditional industries, in order to promote the development and competitiveness of the agro-food industry in Portugal. Such training curricula aimed to promote the uptake of innovative technologies and methodologies, increase the ability of agro-food industries to invest and take risks, and enable adoption of European Community standards for production and marketing. Gaps in training supply were identified and the training provision was updated according to the needs of the agro-food companies. It was determined that companies need and demand knowledge and innovation to increase their competitive position for internationalization purposes. It was possible to define a training strategy based on market-orientation for agro-food differentiation.

  13. Artisanal salt production in Aveiro/Portugal - an ecofriendly process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodrigues, Carolina M; Bio, Ana; Amat, Francisco; Vieira, Natividade

    2011-01-01

    Solar salinas are man-made systems exploited for the extraction of salt, by solar and wind evaporation of seawater. Salt production achieved by traditional methods is associated with landscapes and environmental and patrimonial values generated throughout history. Since the mid-twentieth century, this activity has been facing a marked decline in Portugal, with most salinas either abandoned or subjected to destruction, making it necessary to find a strategy to reverse this trend.It is, however, possible to generate revenue from salinas at several levels, not merely in terms of good quality salt production, but also by obtaining other products that can be commercialized, or by exploring their potential for tourism, and as research facilities, among others. Furthermore, with an adequate management, biodiversity can be restored to abandoned salinas, which constitute important feeding and breeding grounds for resident and migratory aquatic birds, many of which are protected by European Community Directives.The aims of this manuscript are to present a brief overview on the current state of sea salt exploitation in Portugal and to stress the importance of recovering these salinas for the conservation of this particular environment, for the regional economy, the scientific community and the general public. The Aveiro salina complex is presented in detail, to exemplify salina structure and functioning, as well as current problems and potential solutions for artisanal salinas. PMID:22053788

  14. Spatial and temporal variability of precipitation and drought in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. S. Martins

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The spatial variability of precipitation and drought are investigated for Portugal using monthly precipitation from 74 stations and minimum and maximum temperature from 27 stations, covering the common period of 1941–2006. Seasonal precipitation and the corresponding percentages in the year, as well as the precipitation concentration index (PCI, was computed for all 74 stations and then used as an input matrix for an R-mode principal component analysis to identify the precipitation patterns. The standardized precipitation index at 3 and 12 month time scales were computed for all stations, whereas the Palmer Drought Severity Index (PDSI and the modified PDSI for Mediterranean conditions (MedPDSI were computed for the stations with temperature data. The spatial patterns of drought over Portugal were identified by applying the S-mode principal component analysis coupled with varimax rotation to the drought indices matrices. The result revealed two distinct sub-regions in the country relative to both precipitation regimes and drought variability. The analysis of time variability of the PC scores of all drought indices allowed verifying that there is no linear trend indicating drought aggravation or decrease. In addition, the analysis shows that results for SPI-3, SPI-12, PDSI and MedPDSI are coherent among them.

  15. Trichinella britovi in a red fox (Vulpes vulpes) from Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopes, Ana Patrícia; Vila-Viçosa, Maria João; Coutinho, Teresa; Cardoso, Luís; Gottstein, Bruno; Müller, Norbert; Cortes, Helder C E

    2015-06-15

    Trichinellosis is one of the most important foodborne parasitic zoonoses, caused by nematodes of the genus Trichinella. Pigs and other domestic and wild animals, including red foxes (Vulpes vulpes), are sources of Trichinella infection for human beings. Trichinella britovi is the major agent of infection in sylvatic animals and the most important species circulating in the European wildlife. The present study aimed at assessing Trichinella spp. infection in red foxes from the North of Portugal. Forty-seven carcasses of wild red foxes shot during the official hunting season or killed in road accidents were obtained between November 2008 and March 2010. In order to identify the presence of Trichinella spp. larvae in red foxes, an individual artificial digestion was performed using approximately 30 g of muscle samples. Larvae of Trichinella spp. were detected in one (2.1%) out of the 47 assessed foxes. After a multiplex polymerase chain reaction analysis, T. britovi was molecularly identified as the infecting species. The recognition of T. britovi in a red fox confirms that a sylvatic cycle is present in the North of Portugal and that the local prevalence of Trichinella infection in wildlife must not be ignored due to its underlying zoonotic risks. PMID:25934252

  16. Formaldehyde and acetaldehyde emissions from residential wood combustion in Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cerqueira, Mário; Gomes, Luís; Tarelho, Luís; Pio, Casimiro

    2013-06-01

    A series of experiments were conducted to characterize formaldehyde and acetaldehyde emissions from residential combustion of common wood species growing in Portugal. Five types of wood were investigated: maritime pine (Pinus pinaster), eucalyptus (Eucalyptus globulus), cork oak (Quercus suber), holm oak (Quercus rotundifolia) and pyrenean oak (Quercus pyrenaica). Laboratory experiments were performed with a typical wood stove used for domestic heating in Portugal and operating under realistic home conditions. Aldehydes were sampled from diluted combustion flue gas using silica cartridges coated with 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine and analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography with diode array detection. The average formaldehyde to acetaldehyde concentration ratio (molar basis) in the stove flue gas was in the range of 2.1-2.9. Among the tested wood types, pyrenean oak produced the highest emissions for both formaldehyde and acetaldehyde: 1772 ± 649 and 1110 ± 454 mg kg-1 biomass burned (dry basis), respectively. By contrast, maritime pine produced the lowest emissions: 653 ± 151 and 371 ± 162 mg kg-1 biomass (dry basis) burned, respectively. Aldehydes were sampled separately during distinct periods of the holm oak wood combustion cycles. Significant variations in the flue gas concentrations were found, with higher values measured during the devolatilization stage than in the flaming and smoldering stages.

  17. Trichinella britovi in a red fox (Vulpes vulpes) from Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopes, Ana Patrícia; Vila-Viçosa, Maria João; Coutinho, Teresa; Cardoso, Luís; Gottstein, Bruno; Müller, Norbert; Cortes, Helder C E

    2015-06-15

    Trichinellosis is one of the most important foodborne parasitic zoonoses, caused by nematodes of the genus Trichinella. Pigs and other domestic and wild animals, including red foxes (Vulpes vulpes), are sources of Trichinella infection for human beings. Trichinella britovi is the major agent of infection in sylvatic animals and the most important species circulating in the European wildlife. The present study aimed at assessing Trichinella spp. infection in red foxes from the North of Portugal. Forty-seven carcasses of wild red foxes shot during the official hunting season or killed in road accidents were obtained between November 2008 and March 2010. In order to identify the presence of Trichinella spp. larvae in red foxes, an individual artificial digestion was performed using approximately 30 g of muscle samples. Larvae of Trichinella spp. were detected in one (2.1%) out of the 47 assessed foxes. After a multiplex polymerase chain reaction analysis, T. britovi was molecularly identified as the infecting species. The recognition of T. britovi in a red fox confirms that a sylvatic cycle is present in the North of Portugal and that the local prevalence of Trichinella infection in wildlife must not be ignored due to its underlying zoonotic risks.

  18. O acolhimento familiar em Portugal: conceitos, práticas e desafios Foster care in Portugal: concepts, practices and challenges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Delgado

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available O Acolhimento Familiar assume em Portugal uma expressão reduzida, num sistema de protecção das crianças excessivamente centrado na colocação em instituições, não obstante o discurso político mais recente, defensor da desinstitucionalização, e a evolução de outros sistemas sociais em diversos países europeus. Este artigo pretende caracterizar o modelo de Acolhimento Familiar português, destacando, nomeadamente, a sua evolução histórica mais recente, os conceitos e tipologias que mobiliza, as práticas que manifesta e os desafios que se colocam ao seu desenvolvimento.The Foster Care in Portugal takes a reduced expression, in a system of protection of children excessively focused on institutional placements, despite the political discourse more recent, advocate of deinstitutionalization, and the development of other social systems in several European countries. This paper aims to analyze the Portuguese Foster Care model, highlighting in particular its historical evolution latest concepts and typologies that mobilize the practices that expresses, and challenges to its development.

  19. Los usuarios y las webs de los archivos históricos nacionales: el caso del Arquivo Nacional da Torre do Tombo (Portugal Webs and national archives users: the case of Arquivo Nacional de Torre do Tombo (Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amalia Más Bleda

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este artículo es conocer cuál es la información o los servicios que se deberían incluir en el sitio web de un archivo, tomando como referencia la opinión de su público. Para ello analizamos las necesidades de 90 usuarios de un archivo concreto: el Arquivo Nacional da Torre do Tombo (Archivo Nacional de Portugal, obtenidas mediante la utilización de una entrevista personal. Se concluye que la mayoría de los usuarios desean encontrar en el sitio web información básica o práctica, como datos de contacto y condiciones de acceso y consulta, así como una descripción detallada de los fondos que custodia el archivo, el mayor número posible de documentos digitalizados, un buen sistema de búsqueda (catálogo y la posibilidad de hacer trámites en línea.Information is given of services that should be included in the website of an archive, taking as reference the opinion of its public. Therefore the needs of 90 users of this concrete archive, the Arquivo Nacional da Torre do Tombo (National Archive of Portugal are analyzed, which were obtained through a personal interview. Conclusions are that most users wish to find basic or practical information in the web, such as contact, access and consultation data; a detailed description of the archive's funds; the number of digitalized documents on-line; a good search system (catalog, and the possibility of doing transactions on-line.

  20. Y-chromosome STR haplotypes in two population samples: Azores Islands and Central Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Carvalho, Mónica; Anjos, Maria João; Andrade, Lisa; Lopes, Virgínia; Santos, Márcia V.; Gamero, Joaquín-Jose; Corte Real, Francisco; Vide, Maria-Conceição

    2003-01-01

    The Y-chromosome haplotypes defined by nine STRs (DYS19, DYS385, DYS389I, DYS389II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392 and DYS393) were studied in 207 unrelated individuals from Central Portugal and 63 from Azores Islands. The most common haplotype in Central Portugal was shared by 3.4% of the males, while 160 haplotypes were unique. In Azores Islands the most common haplotype was shared by 6.4% of the males, while 40 haplotypes were unique. The values of haplotype diversity were 0.993 for Central Portug...

  1. Serological Evidence for Schmallenberg Virus Infection in Sheep of Portugal, 2014.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Esteves, Fernando; Mesquita, João R; Vala, Helena; Abreu-Silva, Joana; van der Poel, Wim H M; Nascimento, Maria S J

    2016-01-01

    Between November and December of 2014, a serosurvey was set up to evaluate the presence of Schmallenberg virus (SBV) antibodies in sheep of Portugal. Sera (n = 1068) were tested using an indirect enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ID Screen(®) Schmallenberg virus indirect, IDvet Innovative Diagnostics, Montpellier, France). The estimated occurrence of immunogobulin G (IgG) antibodies against SBV in sheep of Portugal was 12.8% (95% confidence interval 11.0-15.0%). This is the first study reporting the presence of SBV antibodies in sheep of Portugal.

  2. O VICUS ROMANO DE CANAS DE SENHORIM, PORTUGAL (The Roman Vicus of Canas de Senhorim, Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Marques Miranda

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Os sítios arqueológicos de época romana conhecidos na vila de Canas de Senhorim levam alguns autores a propor a existência de um vicus. Este trabalho procura sintetizar o conhecimento sobre o património arqueológico desta vila e, através destes e de outros vestígios, nomeadamente as antigas vias romanas e alguns ainda inéditos, encontrar novas evidências que contribuam para o conhecimento deste lugar escassamente investigado. ENGLISH: The Roman archaeological sites located in the village of Canas de Senhorim have led some authors to suggest the presence of a vicus in this area. This paper synthesizes what is known of the archaeological heritage of the village and uses this, in combination with information on ancient Roman roads and unpublished data, to increase understanding of this little-studied locale.

  3. Policía sin ciencia: La investigación criminal en Portugal: 1880-1936 Policía sin ciencia: La investigación criminal en Portugal: 1880-1936

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nuno Madureira

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the birth of the criminal police in Portugal in the context of prevailing scientific traditions that emphasised the biological traits of the criminal as individual, as human type or as social group. Although doctors, physical anthropologists and lawyers announced the coming of a new age of power informed by science and state rationality, in the battle against crime, these discursive intentions stayed far behind the actual practices carried on by criminal police. Science in action was a pretext for disputes inside the different bodies of administration and led to conflicts of jurisdiction with inadequate procedures for cri forensic investigation. Hence the discourse of rationality and surveillance was an argument for keeping the traditional practices and customary powers of police. minal identification in matters like fingerprints analysis, anthropometric archives and forensic investigation. Hence the discourse of rationality and surveillance was an argument for keeping the traditional practices and customary powers of police.Este artículo examina el nacimiento de la policía criminal en Portugal, en el contexto de las tradiciones científicas dominantes que hacían énfasis en los rasgos biológicos del criminal en tanto que individuo, tipo humano o grupo social. Aunque los médicos, antropólogos físicos y abogados anunciaron la llegada de una nueva era de poder informado por la ciencia y racionalidad estatal, en la batalla contra el crimen esas intenciones discursivas quedaron muy atrás de las prácticas realmente utilizadas por la policía criminal. La Ciencia en Acción era un pretexto para disputas en el seno de diferentes cuerpos de la administración y llevó a conflictos de jurisdicción con procedimientos inadecuados para la identificación criminal por medios como el análisis de huellas dactilares, archivos antropométricos e investigación forense. Así, el discurso de la racionalidad y la vigilancia fue un

  4. Os Jogos Desportivos Luso-Brasileiros e os Congressos Luso-Brasileiros de Educação Física no âmbito das relações internacionais Brasil-Portugal (década de 1960

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    Victor Andrade de Melo

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Resumo Este estudo objetiva discutir os Jogos Desportivos Luso-Brasileiros e os Congressos Luso-Brasileiros de Educação Física no âmbito das relações internacionais Brasil-Portugal (década de 1960. Para alcance do objetivo, como fontes foram usados: o Boletim do Ultramar, a Revista de Educação Física e os Arquivos da Escola Nacional de Educação Física e Desportos (Enefd. O intuito é lançar novos olhares para a mobilização do esporte no âmbito da política colonial portuguesa, bem como para o relacionamento entre Brasil e Portugal na esfera da educação física/ciências do esporte. Ao fim, chamamos a atenção para a necessidade de avaliar com cuidado as iniciativas contemporâneas semelhantes às investigadas.

  5. Materials and technologies in Art Nouveau architecture: Facade decoration cases in Italy, Portugal and Poland for a consistent restoration

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    Sandrolini, F.

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The results of a diagnostic survey on the materials of representative Art Nouveau buildings in Italy, Portugal and Poland are here presented and compared, as a contribution to their understanding and, hence, to support compatible restoration. In particular, the facade decorations were investigated for the appraisal of their materials and technologies, often neglected in current maintenance/restoration works and so cancelled, leading to a severe loss in architectural image. The ongoing diagnostic campaign, in collaboration among different universities, is aimed to set up a database on materials and technologies of Art Nouveau facade decorations at a European scale, as a technical-scientific background for the highlighting of preservation guidelines.

    En este trabajo se presentan los resultados de un estudio de diagnóstico sobre materiales representativos de edificios del periodo del Modernismo en Italia, Portugal y Polonia. Con la comparación de estos resultados se pretende contribuir a incrementar el conocimiento de los materiales usados en este patrimonio, que permita realizar más eficazmente las futuras intervenciones de restauración. En particular, se analizan las decoraciones de las fachadas, pasando por el reconocimiento de sus materiales constituyentes y de las tecnologías usadas, que muchas veces no son adecuadamente estudiados en intervenciones de mantenimiento y/o restauración, provocando graves pérdidas en su imagen y lenguaje arquitectónico original. Con la campaña de trabajos de diagnóstico, en colaboración con varias universidades, se pretende crear una base de datos sobre materiales y tecnologías usados en las decoraciones de fachada en el periodo del Modernismo a una escala europea. El material podrá constituirse en una herramienta técnico-científica de soporte al desarrollo de directrices y recomendaciones para la preservación de este patrimonio.

  6. [Shaken Baby Syndrome: fact or fiction in Portugal?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pereira, Sandra; Magalhães, Teresa

    2011-12-01

    Shaken Baby Syndrome (SBS) is an unquestionable and current worldwide problem, as it is considered one of the most severe forms of child abuse, with significant morbidity and mortality among children under one year of age. In Portugal the actual incidence of SBS is still unknown and probably undervalued and underdiagnosed, but international literature reports incidences between 14 and 40.5 per 100.000 children a year in several different countries. It is classically considered SBS to consist of shaking a child repeatedly and violently, inducing a cervical whiplash like movement. Due to the child's development stage, this external force of acceleration/deceleration acting on the head and cervical musculature may cause several lesions, specially subdural, subarachnoid and retinal hemorrhage, and sometimes even bone fractures. However, there is no unanimity concerning this trauma mechanism, especially on the requirement of direct trauma to the head leading to intracranial lesions, since a satisfactory biomechanical model to test it is still lacking. Its diagnosis is controversial, difficult and has important legal and family implications, always adding an emotional element to it, susceptible of withholding the necessary objectivity. In order to substantiate a strong suspicion it is thus mandatory to correlate the clinical history, the physical examination and all the diagnostic auxiliary exams. Consequences may range from mild to fatal, encompassing the child's psychological, cognitive, physical and sensory-motor development, on a short or long term basis. Nevertheless, from a global perspective, its prognosis is almost always poor. So, education and prevention assume primary importance in order to reduce incidence, morbidity and mortality of the SBS. Countries like the U.S.A, Scotland, France, Germany, Switzerland, Canada, Estonia and Japan have long been interested in studying this syndrome's trauma mechanism and incidence, as well as in the development of

  7. The Ançã limestones, Coimbra, Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quinta-Ferreira, Mário; Gil Catarino, Lídia; Delgado Rodrigues, José

    2016-04-01

    Ançã is located in the Lusitanian Basin (western Meso-Cenozoic sedimentary basin), in the municipality of Cantanhede, close to Coimbra, Portugal. This constitutes the northernmost Dogger (Bajocian) limestone sequence in Portugal. The use of the Ançã limestones is documented since the Roman occupation of the Iberian Peninsula. It was used for the construction of houses, palaces, churches, fine sculptures, carving, paving and for the production of lime. These limestones vary from white and very soft varieties, with very high porosity used for sculpture and carving to white and hard varieties used for masonry and as aggregates and to white to bluish with low porosity and high strength varieties, mainly used for paving. The softer and whiter variety is worldwide known as Ançã Stone (Pedra de Ançã) exhibiting a porosity of 26-29 %. It became famous after being largely used by Coimbra most famous Renaissance sculptors like João de Ruão and Nicolau de Chanterenne. The Pedra de Ançã was used mainly in the region of Coimbra, but also in several other places in Portugal, in Santiago de Compostela, Spain, and Brazil. Some examples of heritage in Coimbra using the Pedra de Ançã are the renaissance portal of the Saint Cross Church, the tombs of the first two Portuguese kings located in this church, the altar of the Saint Cross Church or of the Old Cathedral, or in sculptures at the University of Coimbra. It is quite prone to deteriorate when exposed to atmospheric agents and to soluble salts, mainly due to its high porosity. Deteriorated surfaces needing treatment constitute difficult conservation problems, especially when consolidation and protection treatments are required. The less porous varieties of the Ançã limestones (building constructed at the end of the XIX century with the less porous varieties of the Ançã limestones. Most of the traditional quarries are abandoned and those still in activity are mainly used to produce crushed aggregates, limestone

  8. Multivariate cluster analysis of forest fire events in Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tonini, Marj; Pereira, Mario; Vega Orozco, Carmen; Parente, Joana

    2015-04-01

    Portugal is one of the major fire-prone European countries, mainly due to its favourable climatic, topographic and vegetation conditions. Compared to the other Mediterranean countries, the number of events registered here from 1980 up to nowadays is the highest one; likewise, with respect to the burnt area, Portugal is the third most affected country. Portuguese mapped burnt areas are available from the website of the Institute for the Conservation of Nature and Forests (ICNF). This official geodatabase is the result of satellite measurements starting from the year 1990. The spatial information, delivered in shapefile format, provides a detailed description of the shape and the size of area burnt by each fire, while the date/time information relate to the ignition fire is restricted to the year of occurrence. In terms of a statistical formalism wildfires can be associated to a stochastic point process, where events are analysed as a set of geographical coordinates corresponding, for example, to the centroid of each burnt area. The spatio/temporal pattern of stochastic point processes, including the cluster analysis, is a basic procedure to discover predisposing factorsas well as for prevention and forecasting purposes. These kinds of studies are primarily focused on investigating the spatial cluster behaviour of environmental data sequences and/or mapping their distribution at different times. To include both the two dimensions (space and time) a comprehensive spatio-temporal analysis is needful. In the present study authors attempt to verify if, in the case of wildfires in Portugal, space and time act independently or if, conversely, neighbouring events are also closer in time. We present an application of the spatio-temporal K-function to a long dataset (1990-2012) of mapped burnt areas. Moreover, the multivariate K-function allowed checking for an eventual different distribution between small and large fires. The final objective is to elaborate a 3D

  9. Anisotropic Tomography of Portugal (West Iberia) from ambient seismic noise

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silveira, Graça; Stutzmann, Éléonore; Schimmel, Martin; Dias, Nuno; Kiselev, Sergey; Custódio, Susana; Dundar, Suleyman

    2016-04-01

    Located on the western Iberian Peninsula, Portugal constitutes a key area for accretionary terrane and basin research, providing the best opportunity to probe a crustal formation shaped by the Paleozoic Variscan orogeny followed by the Mesozoic-Cenozoic extensions. The geology of Portugal documents a protracted history from Paleozoic basement formation to the Mesozoic opening of the North Atlantic Ocean. The inheritance of such complex geologic history is yet to be fully determined, playing an important role in the current geodynamic framework influencing, for example, the observed regional seismicity. The physical properties of its crust have largely remained undetermined so far, with unevenly distributed knowledge on the spatial distributions of a detailed crustal structure. Also, the deep seismic reflection/refraction surveys conducted in Western Iberia do not provide a clear picture of the regional characteristics of the crust. Using Seismic Broad Band observations from a dense temporary deployment, conducted between 2010 and 2012 in the scope of the WILAS project and covering the entire Portuguese mainland, we computed a 3D anisotropic model from ambient seismic noise. The dispersion measurements were computed for each station pair using empirical Green's functions generated by cross-correlating one-day-length seismic ambient-noise records. After dispersion analysis, group velocity measurements were regionalized to obtain 2D anisotropic tomographic images. Afterwards, the dispersion curves, extracted from each cell of the 2D group velocity maps, were inverted as a function of depth to obtain a 3D shear wave anisotropic model, using a bayesian approach. A simulated annealing method, in which the number of splines that describes the model, is adapted within the inversion. The models are jointly interpreted with the models gathered from Ps receiver functions as well as with the regional seismicity, enabling to obtain a more detailed picture of the crustal

  10. Reforma na atencao primaria a saude e implicacoes na cultura organizacional dos Agrupamentos dos Centros de Saude em Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Leone

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A crescente complexidade dos desafios do setor da saúde implica um aumento das responsabilidades para aqueles que nela assumem funções de gestão. Há consenso que a qualidade da força de trabalho em saúde é um fator crítico para o sucesso de qualquer reforma no setor. O objetivo desta investigação é estudar e analisar a alteração induzida por uma intervenção de formação-ação intensiva na cultura organizacional de 73 diretores executivos dos Agrupamentos dos Centros de Saúde (ACES em Portugal durante a reforma na atenção primária à saúde. Os dados foram coletados e analisados em dois períodos temporais, antes e depois da intervenção do Programa Avançado em Gestão, Governação Clínica e Liderança para os ACES, o qual teve um ano de duração. O modelo Competing Values Framework permitiu observar que, depois da intervenção de formação-ação, as percepções dos diretores executivos sobre a sua cultura organizacional se encontram mais alinhadas com a reforma da atenção primária à saúde, valorizando o tipo de práticas e valores que esta defende. É necessário continuar a monitorizar os resultados em vários períodos temporais para elaborar conclusões a esse respeito.

  11. Educação e formação para todos: novas oportunidades para adultos

    OpenAIRE

    Moreira, Tiago dos Santos

    2010-01-01

    A Estratégia de Lisboa representa uma mudança de paradigma na educação e formação, cujo êxito passa do sucesso escolar para a inclusão na vida activa, concretizando-se em mais e melhores empregos, e maior coesão social. Pretende-se saber se os cursos decorrentes da Estratégia de Lisboa em Portugal acompanham essa mudança de paradigma ou continuam a considerar êxito o sucesso escolar sem se preocupar (como era suposto) com a inclusão na vida activa. The Lisbon Strategy rep...

  12. Ownership Structure and Earnings Management: Evidence from Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Alves

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the relationship between corporate ownership structure in Portugal and earnings management. The Portuguese governance structure is characterised by the dominance ofthe largest shareholder who typically exercises significant influences on management decisions directly or indirectly. Existing literature suggests that ownership structure decreases the incentive to manage earnings but also provides the opportunity and incentive to manipulate earnings. Therefore, the main purpose of this paper is to analyse whether a firm’s ownership structure (measured with three variables: managerial ownership, ownership concentration and institutional ownershipexacerbate or alleviate earnings management. Using a sample of 34 non-financial listed Portuguese firms for years from 2002 to 2007, we find that discretionary accruals as a proxy for earnings management is negatively related both to managerial ownership and to ownership concentration. The study’s results suggest that both managerial ownership and ownership concentration improvethe quality of annual earnings by reducing the levels of earnings management.

  13. Educational psychology in higher education: Current scene in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cynthia Bisinoto

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Facing the challenges brought by Higher Education growth, the Higher Education Institutions (HEIs created the Psychological Support Services. They seek to help the adaptation to the university setting, enhancing the overall students´ development and their integration in the labor market. This qualitative research studies the structure of the Psychological Support Services in HEIs of Portugal and the main activities developed by educational psychologists. Interviews were conducted with eight services and showed that all services are designed for students. Although the most frequent activity is the students' psychological consultation, educational psychologists also develop a variety of interventions: skill development programs, support to students with special needs, and mentoring programs to welcome new students. Traditionally the services were oriented by an individual intervention and in response to the students' problem. Nowadays they are working with other agents and in a preventive way. Actions directed to educational projects and the institutional evaluation could promote a qualitative change in services.

  14. Health care to immigrant and Portuguese pregnant women in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emília de Carvalho Coutinho

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to assess the care received and the barriers faced by immigrants and Portuguese pregnant women in Portugal. This is an exploratory qualitative study, resorting to applying semi-structured interviews to 60 immigrant and 22 Portuguese women. Content analysis supported by QSR Nvivo10 program was used. The study was approved by an Ethics Committee. The results showed four categories related to affective dimensions-relational, cognitive, technical-instrumental and health care policy for pregnant women. As for the barriers in health care, these were mentioned by some of the expectant mothers, especially immigrant women. Almost all, both immigrant and Portuguese, pregnant women were satisfied with the health care.

  15. Alcoholismo, suicidio y factores de riesgo en Portugal.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elsa Ferreira de Castro

    1992-01-01

    Full Text Available Se analiza indirectamente la contribución del alcoholismo en el suicidio. Se comparan las tasas de muerte por cirrosis hepática y por suicidio en Portugal y en el distrito de Lisboa, por sexo y profesiones. Las tasas son significativamente más altas en los hombres, los agricultores y en el distrito. Se concluye que el abuso alcohólico puede contribuir al aumento del suicidio. Se argumenta que los hombres sufren de depresión más grave y tienen tasas de suicidio más elevado debido, entre otros motivos, al ser su alcoholismo más frecuente.

  16. Assessing fire risk in Portugal during the summer fire season

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dacamara, C. C.; Pereira, M. G.; Trigo, R. M.

    2009-04-01

    Since 1998, Instituto de Meteorologia, the Portuguese Weather Service has relied on the Canadian Fire Weather Index (FWI) System (van Wagner, 1987) to produce daily forecasts of fire risk. The FWI System consists of six components that account for the effects of fuel moisture and wind on fire behavior. The first three components, i.e. the Fine Fuel Moisture Code (FFMC), the Duff Moisture Code (DMC) and the Drought Code (DC) respectively rate the average moisture content of surface litter, decomposing litter, and organic (humus) layers of the soil. Wind effects are then added to FFMC leading to the Initial Spread Index (ISI) that rates fire spread. The remaining two fuel moisture codes (DMC and DC) are in turn combined to produce the Buildup Index (BUI) that is a rating of the total amount of fuel available for combustion. BUI is finally combined with ISI to produce the Fire Weather Index (FWI) that represents the rate of fire intensity. Classes of fire danger and levels of preparedness are commonly defined on an empirical way for a given region by calibrating the FWI System against wildfire activity as defined by the recorded number of events and by the observed burned area over a given period of time (Bovio and Camia, 1998). It is also a well established fact that distributions of burned areas are heavily skewed to the right and tend to follow distributions of the exponential-type (Cumming, 2001). Based on the described context, a new procedure is presented for calibrating the FWI System during the summer fire season in Portugal. Two datasets were used covering a 28-year period (1980-2007); i) the official Portuguese wildfire database which contains detailed information on fire events occurred in the 18 districts of Continental Portugal and ii) daily values of the six components of the FWI System as derived from reanalyses (Uppala et al., 2005) of the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF). Calibration of the FWI System is then performed in two

  17. Public Attitudes towards Parties in Portugal: A Longitudinal Overview

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    Conceição Pequito Teixeira

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available This article reviews the case of the often claimed “crisis of parties” in Portugal, and argues that such controversy rests at least in part on “ambiguous” evidence. We will try to answer two fundamental research questions: 1 What motivates popular support for political parties (or lack thereof? 2 Why does antiparty rhetoric resonate with some citizens, but not with others? The empirical data and statistical regression models used allow the following conclusion: in the eyes of Portuguese citizens, parties have become a kind of “necessary evil”, being criticized for “what they actually do” and supported for “what they are supposed to do”.

  18. Comparing Consumer Resistance to Mobile Banking in Finland and Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laukkanen, Tommi; Cruz, Pedro

    This study compares two distinct European countries namely Finland and Portugal in terms of consumer resistance to mobile banking services. We explored how the five adoption barriers namely usage, value, risk, tradition and image, derived from the earlier literature, differ between these two countries. Using an Internet questionnaire a total of 3.597 usable responses was collected. A confirmatory factor analysis was implemented with SEM to build the constructs’ latent score levels. Using non-parametric difference tests we concluded that the resistance is significantly lower among the Portuguese online bank customers in terms of four out of the five barriers. The results can be used for a better understanding and enhancement of adoption of this specific case of mobile communication.

  19. Afonso Costa e as negociações do verão de 1916 sobre as condições financeiras de participação de Portugal na I Guerra Mundial. Na proto-história da integração europeia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Pais de Sousa

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available A guerra naval atinge o seu ponto crítico no primeiro semestre de 1916. Os submarinos alemães infligem pesadas baixas na frota do império britânico, comercial e de guerra, ou seja, a maior marinha do mundo. É ao abrigo da aliança com o seu mais antigo aliado que, nesta conjuntura precisa da geopolítica militar, a Inglaterra pede ao governo português a requisição dos navios alemães surtos nos portos portugueses desde o início da I Guerra Mundial. Em resultado a Alemanha, a 9 de março de 1916, declara guerra a Portugal. Surge o convite do governo britânico para uma missão governamental, chefiada pelo ministro das Finanças Afonso Costa, se deslocar a Londres para negociar as condições financeiras e militares em que os navios serão alugados ao governo britânico, bem como as condições em que Portugal pode contrair em-préstimos para entrar na guerra.Palavras-chave: I Guerra Mundial, Diplomacia económica luso-britânica, Transportes Marí-timos, Afonso Costa_____________________Abstract: The naval war reached its peak during the first semester of 1916. The German submarines had inflicted a huge blow on the British Empire navy, the biggest in the world by that time, both at commercial and war levels. In this context, England asks the Portuguese government to require the German ships docked in Portugal since the beginning of World War I, under its oldest alliance that with Portugal. In result, Germany declares war on Portugal on the 9th of March 1916. The English government calls a governmental meeting with Portugal whereby Afonso Costa, the Minister Finance and head representative of Portugal, travels to London. Here, he negotiates the financial and military conditions under which the ships will be rented to the English government as well as the requirements for borrowing money to finance war.Keywords: World War I, Luso-British economic diplomacy, Maritime Transport, Afonso Costa

  20. The Guarda structure (Portugal): Impact structure or not? Microstructural studies of Quartz, Zircon and Monazite

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zalinge, M.E. van; Hamers, M.F.; Drury, M.R.

    2012-01-01

    The Guarda Structure in north-eastern Portugal has been proposed as a potential impact structure. We have studied the structure in detail, but no field or microscopic evidence has been found to support the impact hypothesis

  1. Will new gender policies stop the decrease of women physicists in Portugal?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosa, Carla Carmelo; Peña, Maria Teresa; Saavedra, Luisa; Providência, Constança

    2013-03-01

    The present context of women physicists in Portugal is discussed, updating our report for the 2002 IUPAP International Conference on Women in Physics, in which the 30 years prior to 2000 were analyzed.

  2. El voto religioso en España y Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Montero, Jóse Ramón

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available This article explores the relationship between religiosity and voting decisions in Spain and Portugal. We study whether religion (measured as church attendance and opinions about moral issues influences voting for the two main political parties. Results show a different relationship between religion and voting in both countries: only in Spain religious beliefs play an important role in electoral behaviour. We claim that to account for this finding several factors need to be considered, namely the different configuration of the party systems and religious maps, the distinctive mechanisms linking religious identities with voting and, above all, the important role played by political leaders in activating religiosity within the electoral competition.

    Este artículo explora la relación entre la religiosidad y las preferencias electorales en España y Portugal. Estudiamos si la religión (medida como asistencia a oficios religiosos y opiniones sobre asuntos morales tiene influencia sobre el voto a los dos principales partidos nacionales. Los resultados del análisis apuntan a una relación diferente entre religión y voto en ambos países: sólo en España las creencias religiosas desempeñan un papel destacado en el comportamiento electoral. Defendemos que la explicación a este hallazgo se encuentra en un conjunto de factores entre los que cabe destacar la diferente configuración del sistema de partidos y de los mapas religiosos, los distintos mecanismos que canalizan las identidades religiosas hacia el voto y, fundamentalmente, el importante papel desempeñado por las elites políticas en la activación de la religiosidad dentro de la competición electoral.

  3. Influence of meteorological conditions on RSV infection in Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oliveira-Santos, M.; Santos, J. A.; Soares, J.; Dias, A.; Quaresma, M.

    2016-04-01

    Acute viral bronchiolitis is a common cause for infant hospital admissions. Of all etiological agents, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is commonly the most frequent. The present study assesses relationships between atmospheric factors and RSV infections in under 3-year-old patients admitted to the Inpatient Paediatric Service of Vila Real (North of Portugal). For this purpose, (1) clinical files of children admitted with a diagnosis of acute bronchiolitis from September 2005 to December 2015 (>10 years) were scrutinised and (2) local daily temperature/precipitation series, as well as six weather types controlling meteorological conditions in Portugal, were used. Fifty-five percent of all 770 admitted children were effectively infected with a given virus, whilst 48 % (367) were RSV+, i.e. 87 % of virus-infected children were RSV+. The bulk of incidence is verified in the first year of age (82 %, 302), slightly higher in males. RSV outbreaks are typically from December to March, but important inter-annual variability is found in both magnitude and shape. Although no clear connections were found between monthly temperatures/precipitation and RSV outbreaks apart from seasonality, a linkage to wintertime cold spells is apparent on a daily basis. Anomalously low minimum temperatures from the day of admittance back to 10 days before are observed. This relationship is supported by anomalously high occurrences of the E and AA weather types over the same period, which usually trigger dry and cold weather. These findings highlight some predictability in the RSV occurrences, revealing potential for modelling and risk assessments.

  4. Seasonal drought predictability in Portugal using statistical-dynamical techniques

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ribeiro, A. F. S.; Pires, C. A. L.

    2016-08-01

    Atmospheric forecasting and predictability are important to promote adaption and mitigation measures in order to minimize drought impacts. This study estimates hybrid (statistical-dynamical) long-range forecasts of the regional drought index SPI (3-months) over homogeneous regions from mainland Portugal, based on forecasts from the UKMO operational forecasting system, with lead-times up to 6 months. ERA-Interim reanalysis data is used for the purpose of building a set of SPI predictors integrating recent past information prior to the forecast launching. Then, the advantage of combining predictors with both dynamical and statistical background in the prediction of drought conditions at different lags is evaluated. A two-step hybridization procedure is performed, in which both forecasted and observed 500 hPa geopotential height fields are subjected to a PCA in order to use forecasted PCs and persistent PCs as predictors. A second hybridization step consists on a statistical/hybrid downscaling to the regional SPI, based on regression techniques, after the pre-selection of the statistically significant predictors. The SPI forecasts and the added value of combining dynamical and statistical methods are evaluated in cross-validation mode, using the R2 and binary event scores. Results are obtained for the four seasons and it was found that winter is the most predictable season, and that most of the predictive power is on the large-scale fields from past observations. The hybridization improves the downscaling based on the forecasted PCs, since they provide complementary information (though modest) beyond that of persistent PCs. These findings provide clues about the predictability of the SPI, particularly in Portugal, and may contribute to the predictability of crops yields and to some guidance on users (such as farmers) decision making process.

  5. Parasite communities in stray cat populations from Lisbon, Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waap, H; Gomes, J; Nunes, T

    2014-12-01

    Stray cats live in high-density colonies in urban areas and pose a health hazard to household cats and humans. In Portugal, information on the parasitic fauna of stray cats is limited and relies mostly on results from faecal analysis. The present survey aimed to determine the prevalence, diversity and intensity of parasites in stray cats from the urban area of Lisbon by means of parasitological necropsy. Internal organs were collected from 162 cats captured in different areas of the city and systematically subjected to parasitological dissection. Helminths were identified by macro- and microscopic examination and protozoa by faecal floatation and sedimentation techniques. The overall prevalence of parasites was 90.7% (95% confidence interval (CI): 85.3-94.6%). A total of 12 parasite species was recorded: Cystoisospora felis (14.2%), Cystoisospora rivolta (46.3%), Sarcocystis sp. (1.2%), Ancylostoma tubaeforme (19.1%), Toxocara cati (38.3%), Ollulanus tricuspis (30.9%), Aelurostrongylus abstrusus (12.4%), Eucoleus aerophilus (0.6%), Taenia taeniaeformis (3.1%), Dipylidium caninum (53.1%), Joyeuxiella pasqualei (15.4%) and Diplopylidium nölleri (3.7%). Overall mean species richness was 2.36 ±  1.52. Helminth mean intensity was highest for O. tricuspis (285.8), followed by D. caninum (42.4), J. pasqualei (14.4), A. tubaeforme (8.1) and T. cati (5.9). The prevalence and variety of parasites found in our sampling are substantially higher than the numbers previously reported in Portugal. Some of the parasites, including T. cati and A. tubaeforme, are zoonotic, which emphasizes the need for parasite control strategies based on demographic containment of stray cat populations in urban areas to promote public health protection.

  6. Linguistic isolates in Portugal: insights from the mitochondrial DNA pattern.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mairal, Quim; Santos, Cristina; Silva, Marina; Marques, Sofia L; Ramos, Amanda; Aluja, Maria Pilar; Amorim, Antonio; Prata, Maria João; Alvarez, Luis

    2013-12-01

    Miranda do Douro, located in the northeastern region of Portugal, has notable characteristics not only from a geographic or naturalistic point of view, but also from a cultural perspective. A remarkable one is the coexistence of two different languages: Portuguese and Mirandese, the second being an Astur-Leonese dialect. The current persistence of the Astur-Leonese dialect in this population falls on the singularity of the region: relative isolation, implying difficulties to communicate with other Portuguese regions, while the same location facilitated the establishment of social and commercial relationships with adjacent Spanish territories, origin of the Astur-Leonese language. The objective of this study was to characterize the population from Miranda through the analysis of maternal lineages in order to evaluate whether its mitochondrial DNA diversity fitted the patterns previously reported for other populations from the Iberian Peninsula. Viewing that, the entire control region of mitochondrial DNA from 121 individuals was examined. Miranda showed a haplogroup composition usual for a Western European population, in the sense that as high as 63.6% of sequences belonged to macro-haplogroup R0. Lineages ascribed to have an African (L2a and L1b) origin, were detected, but reaching an amount commonly found in Portugal. Miranda also presented a few haplogroups typically found in Jewish populations, while rarely observed in other Iberian populations. The finding can be explained by gene flow with crypto-Jew communities that since long are known to be established in the region where Miranda is located. In Miranda, both genetic and nucleotide diversities presented low values (0.9292 ± 0.0180 and 0.01101 ± 0.00614 respectively) when compared to populations from its micro-geographical framework, which constitute a sign of population isolation that certainly provided conditions for the survival of the Astur-Leonese dialect in the region. PMID:24041913

  7. Wage-Induced Mismatch on German Labour Markets? Lessons from Comparison with Portugal.

    OpenAIRE

    Horst Entorf

    1999-01-01

    The German labour market performance is falling behind that of other European countries. Portugal, for instance, has decreasing unemployment rates, leading to a share of only 4.6% unemployed persons in 1998 (Germany: 9.5%). This paper sheds some light on the divergent development from a matching point of view. I present matching functions based on comparable panel data on hires, vacancies and unemployment at the occupational level for Portugal and Germany. Both countries reveal low matching e...

  8. A comparative study on music teacher preparation in Portugal and Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Graça Mota; Sergio Figueiredo

    2012-01-01

    The preparation of music teachers in Portugal and Brazil is the focus of this text, which aims at presenting preliminary aspects of a study in progress in the context of higher education in both countries. Inspired by comparative education methodology, the present study is investigating official documents and academic curricula offered in Portugal and Brazil for the music teachers’ preparation to promote, in different ways, the comparative reflection with an emphasis on school education. The ...

  9. Solar energy in Portugal: development perspectives based on a comparison with Germany

    OpenAIRE

    Virgilio, Rodrigo Pedro da Piedade Coelho

    2009-01-01

    Master in International Management / JEL Classification: Q42 - Alternative energy sources; Q43 - Government Policy Solar energy is one of the renewable energies that has greater potential for future development. Portugal is one of the European countries with better solar conditions, but is certainly not one of the countries that has been taking the best advantage of it. It is therefore appropriate to know why Portugal is not using and developing solar energy in accordance with its...

  10. PORTUGAL:Extra Time is Always the Best Part of the Game

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ Portugal's location as the most westerly part of continental Europe,surroundedon two sides by the Atlantic has had a decisive impact on Portuguese history and culture. In 1415 Portugal embarked on maritime exploration which brought a diverse international influence to its culture.This contact with other nations has had a far-reaching impact on the Portuguese identity,particularly on the hospitable nature of the people.

  11. Portugal; Financial Sector Assessment Program: Technical Note: Investor Protection, Disclosure, and Financial Literacy

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2007-01-01

    This technical note on Investor Protection, Disclosure, and Financial Literacy for Portugal explains investor protection and corporate governance. Comissão do Mercado de Valores Mobiliários (CMVM) is the regulator in charge on ensuring compliance with disclosure issues as well as the corporate governance framework. It has also participated in the creation of a specialized program in securities at the university level. Portugal has implemented an investor compensation scheme, which covers secu...

  12. Políticas de Habitação em Portugal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alves, Sonia

    In the comparative analysis of international housing systems, the creation of typologies seeking to group and to explain the trajectory of different groups of countries enables us to overcome the limitations of juxtapositional studies (predominantly focusing upon the particularities of each count...... in Portugal and Denmark, the current presentation seeks to test the relevance of these theories in foresight exercises in the field of housing in Portugal....

  13. Owls (Strigiformes) in Parque Nacional Peneda-Gerês (PNPG) – Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Aguiar, A; Lopez, A.L.; Pimenta, M.; Luís, A.

    2010-01-01

    Owls (Strigiformes) are particularly difficult to study and the existing information is still scarce. In PNPG area there are records of the seven species present in Portugal; the Long-eared Owl and the Short-eared Owl are here occasional species. This work aims to determine the distribution, density and abundance of Strigiformes in PNPG (Northwest of Portugal). Between December 2007 and June 2008, 106 passive hearing point counts of 15 minutes each were done in the centre of each ...

  14. The Quota Policy in Portugal: The Role of Political Parties and State Feminism. RCCS Annual Review

    OpenAIRE

    Monteiro, Rosa (Orientadora)

    2012-01-01

    The so-called Parity Act was an important milestone in the promotion of gender equality in Portugal, due, amongst other things, to its impact upon an electoral system that the inertia of the party political system had been unable to change. Analyses of the appearance of quota policies in Portugal have not generally considered the role played by the main official body for equality, the Commission for Citizenship and Gender Equality, and its networks. However, as Mona Lena Krook has pointed out...

  15. The Quota Policy in Portugal: The Role of Political Parties and State Feminism*

    OpenAIRE

    Monteiro, Rosa (Orientadora)

    2012-01-01

    The so-called Parity Act was an important milestone in the promotion of gender equality in Portugal, due, amongst other things, to its impact upon an electoral system that the inertia of the party political system had been unable to change. Analyses of the appearance of quota policies in Portugal have not generally considered the role played by the main official body for equality, the Commission for Citizenship and Gender Equality, and its networks. However, as Mona Lena Krook has pointed out...

  16. A visibilidade ambiental em perspectiva sociológica: estudo comparado Brasil-Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Teixeira de Barros

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Análise sobre a produção social da visibilidade das temáticas ambientais no Brasil e em Portugal, no contexto recente, pelo ângulo da mediatização, com destaque para o papel da televisão. O objetivo é examinar como foram construídos os arranjos analíticos sociomediáticos a partir do agendamento e tematização ambiental, com base nas seguintes indagações: (a quais as questões socioambientais postas em relevo pelos media nos dois países? (b como se dá a articulação entre estudos mediáticos focados na agenda ambiental e a perspectiva das ciências sociais? (c que atores sociais são privilegiados por esses estudos? (d como os arranjos discursivos desses atores são postos em evidência pelos media? Estudo realizado com base em pesquisa bibliográfica, análise documental e revisão sistemática de estudos acadêmicos sobre mediatização ambiental, história das ideias ecológicas, com foco nas convergências entre sociologia da comunicação e sociologia ambiental. As conclusões destacam o caráter ambíguo da mediatização, como parte da lógica dos pacotes interpretativos que guiam a opinião pública.

  17. ODAM – A CONSTRUÇÃO DO MODERNO EM PORTUGAL: ENTRE O UNIVERSAL E O SINGULAR / ODAM – The construction of the modern in Portugal: between universal and singular

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edite Maria Figueiredo e Rosa

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN A ODAM explicita a inserção no espirito moderno de vertente universal e associativo, não apenas pela criação de um coletivo mas, pelo carácter abrangente do seu espaço de intervenção enquanto defensor de uma arquitetura moderna em Portugal. Desde o âmbito associativo, ao ensino, à prática profissional, até ao seu intercâmbio internacional, como testemunha a participação dos seus membros nos congressos CIAM a partir de 1951, o grupo ODAM afirma–se no debate à reivindicação dos ideais modernos em Portugal. Mas o mais significativo da produção moderna do grupo (manifestos, projetos, exposições coletivas e obras paradigmáticas situa–se mais que no seu ideal, conforme aos grandes grupos de referência, à consciência do necessário ajuste à circunstância específica local, pobre e periférico, o que se traduziu em ensaios compartilhados, de mais–valia diferenciadora. Esta análise retrospetiva e crítica da ODAM enquanto parte do quadro mais alargado que caracteriza as “Arquitecturas em común” do moderno, para além de (reafirmar o seu carácter universal, compreendido atualmente cada vez mais pelos seus discursos diversos, atesta a revisão crítica dos dogmas arquitetónicos modernos, presentes à data, nas arquiteturas do pós–guerra, emergentes no contexto europeu. De uma leitura, mais implícita que explicita, ressalta ainda a importância do debate, pensamentos e sobretudo da produção arquitetónica do grupo ODAM como génese da atual arquitetura portuense. SUMMARY ODAM makes clear the insertion in a modern spirit with a universal and associative face, not only by creating a collective, but for the wide character of its intervention space while advocate of a modern architecture in Portugal. From the associative scope, the teaching, the professional practice to its international exchange, as witnesses the participation of its members in CIAM congresses since 1951, ODAM group makes its statement

  18. Inovações curriculares: o ponto de vista de gestores de escolas do ensino básico em Portugal Curricular innovations: the perspective of teachers involved in school governance in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Preciosa Teixeira Fernandes

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Na última década, em Portugal, assistimos a alterações nas políticas curriculares para o ensino básico que têm contribuído para uma certa instabilidade no "terreno de ação" dos professores. Essas alterações ocorreram sobretudo desde o final da década de 1990, com o "Projecto de Gestão Flexível do Currículo" (GFC e, em 2005/2006, com a medida "Escola a tempo inteiro"². Do ponto de vista metodológico, sigo os contributos de Doyle e Ponder (1977 e de Correia (1989, sobre estratégias e processos de resistência ativa e passiva adotados por professores perante inovações centralizadas. À luz desses referentes, analiso discursos de professores/as em exercício de gestão e que experienciaram, enquanto tal, aquelas duas inovações. Em síntese, é intenção final deste texto situar o debate do lado micro da política curricular.In the last decade in Portugal, there have been changes in the curriculum policies for Basic Education that have contributed to some instability in the "field of action" of teachers. These changes were felt mainly in the late 90s with the Project "Flexible Management of Curriculum" (GFC and in 2005/2006 with the Full-time School measure. From the methodological point of view I have adopted the contributions of Doyle and Ponder (1977 and Correia (1989, concerning the strategies and processes of active and passive resistance shown by teachers towards central innovations. This is the base for my analysis of the speeches made by teachers who are directly involved in the daily governance of schools and have also experienced the two mentioned innovations. In short, the final intention of this text is to situate the debate on the micro side of the curriculum policies.

  19. Evolução do Aleitamento Materno em Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Mendes, Elen Cristina Brito

    2012-01-01

    Projeto de Graduação apresentado à Universidade Fernando Pessoa como parte dos requisitos para obtenção do grau de Licenciada em Enfermagem São inúmeras as vantagens do aleitamento materno tanto para mãe como para criança. Para mãe facilita na involução uterina, ajuda na proteção contra o cancro da mama e ovário, além de proporcionar um prazer indescritível. (Levy, L; Bértolo, H, 2008). Para a criança previne infeções gastrintestinais, respiratórias e urinárias, previne contra alergias é d...

  20. The inquisitorial trial of a cross-dressing lesbian: reactions and responses to female homosexuality in 18th-century portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soyer, François

    2014-01-01

    This article analyzes the inquisitorial trial of Maria Duran, a Catalan novice in the Dominican convent of Nossa Senhora do Paraíso in Portugal. Maria Duran was arrested by the Inquisition in 1741 and, after a lengthy trial, condemned in 1744 to a public lashing and exile. She was suspected of having made a pact with the Devil and was accused by many female witnesses of possessing a "secret penis" that she had allegedly used in her amorous relations with fellow nuns and novices. Her voluminous trial dossier offers a rare and fascinating documentary insight into the often extreme reactions that female homosexuality provoked from both men and women in early modern Portugal. Using the evidence offered by the 18th-century trial of Maria Duran, this article highlights female bewilderment when faced with female-on-female sexual violence and the difficulty that men (in this case, churchmen) had coming to terms with the existence of female homosexuality. It also discusses the case in light of the acts/identity debate among historians of the history of sexuality. PMID:25022623

  1. The inquisitorial trial of a cross-dressing lesbian: reactions and responses to female homosexuality in 18th-century portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soyer, François

    2014-01-01

    This article analyzes the inquisitorial trial of Maria Duran, a Catalan novice in the Dominican convent of Nossa Senhora do Paraíso in Portugal. Maria Duran was arrested by the Inquisition in 1741 and, after a lengthy trial, condemned in 1744 to a public lashing and exile. She was suspected of having made a pact with the Devil and was accused by many female witnesses of possessing a "secret penis" that she had allegedly used in her amorous relations with fellow nuns and novices. Her voluminous trial dossier offers a rare and fascinating documentary insight into the often extreme reactions that female homosexuality provoked from both men and women in early modern Portugal. Using the evidence offered by the 18th-century trial of Maria Duran, this article highlights female bewilderment when faced with female-on-female sexual violence and the difficulty that men (in this case, churchmen) had coming to terms with the existence of female homosexuality. It also discusses the case in light of the acts/identity debate among historians of the history of sexuality.

  2. CONSUL GABRIELA MISTRAL IN PORTUGAL, 1935-1937: "UN POLICÍA EN LA ESQUINA Y DOS O TRES ESPÍAS ADENTRO DEL HOTEL"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elizabeth Horan

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Portugal is a turning point in Gabriela Mistral's consular and literary careers1. Her convalescence in Lisbon was transformed by the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War, as she worked to evacuate endangered Spanish academics, artists, and doctors. When Chilean authorities sought her transfer, her friends issued a storm of invitations from Geneva and Paris, which enabled her to continue contributing to humanitarian relief from Portugal, where she reoriented her interests towards America and increased her work's visibility by obtaining recognition in Europe. Careful study of her actions from Lisbon reveals their impact, which extended past her own life: the emigrants whom she helped contributed to universities and other institutions in Mexico, the U.S., and Argentina. Uncovering these actions comes from engaging in an accurate identification and sequencing of her published and unpublished writings, which reveals how she failed and recovered from her first two consular assignments.Portugal marca un punto de inflexión en la carrera literaria y consular de Gabriela Mistral. Su convalecencia en Lisboa se vio transformada por el estallido de la Guerra Civil española. Trabajó para evacuar académicos, artistas, y médicos. Cuando las autoridades chilenas buscaron trasladarla, sus amigos le facilitaron invitaciones de Ginebra y París, algo que le permitió seguir colaborando en el trabajo humanitario desde Portugal, donde consiguió una reorientación hacia América y una proyección mayor desde el reconocimiento europeo, que amplió la visibilidad de su trabajo y figura. Un análisis cuidadoso de sus acciones desde Lisboa revela el impacto que estas tuvieron más allá de su propia vida, a través de los emigrantes que contribuyeron a universidades y a otras instituciones en México, EE.UU. y Argentina. La identificación y secuenciación de sus escritos revela cómo ella fracasó y se recuperó del revés de sus dos primeras misiones consulares.

  3. Riesgo de exposición a Fasciola hepática en ganado vacuno en extensivo de Uruguay y Portugal determinado mediante ELISA y un antígeno recombinante

    OpenAIRE

    Sanchís, J.; GV Hillyer; LM Madeira de Carvalho; MI Macchi; C. Gomes; G Maldini; G. Stilwell; JM Venzal; Paz-Silva, A.; Sánchez-Andrade, R.; MS Arias

    2015-01-01

    Para evaluar el riesgo de exposición a Fasciola hepatica del ganado vacuno en extensivo se tomaron muestras de sangre de dos zonas climáticas diferentes, Uruguay (clima subtropical húmedo, 1.192 muestras) y Portugal (clima mediterráneo, 473 muestras), que se analizaron con un ELISA y un antígeno recombinante de superficie de F. hepatica (FhrAPS). Los datos obtenidos se analizaron de acuerdo con la raza, edad sexo y aptitud. La seroprevalencia global en Uruguay resultó del 56% (Intervalo de Co...

  4. O gap entre a formação de marketing e o mercado de trabalho em Portugal: uma análise baseada na definição de perfis profissionais

    OpenAIRE

    Estima, Ana Cristina Furão Teles

    2015-01-01

    O debate entre o que deve ser oferecido pelas instituições de ensino superior para dar resposta às necessidades do mercado é antigo e tem sido constante na literatura. O marketing não é exceção e constitui um enorme desafio dada a dinâmica dos mercados e a necessidade constante de adequação das aprendizagens por parte dos programas de ensino. Apesar da importância atribuída na literatura ao tema, não existia ainda em Portugal um estudo que aprofundasse esta questão e aferisse a existência ...

  5. Evidencia de las diferencias de expectativas en auditoria en mercados bursátiles de reducida dimensión: el caso Portugués Evidence on audit expectation gaps in small capital markets: the case of Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruno José Machado de Almeida

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available El principal objetivo de esta investigación es analizar, en un pequeño mercado de capitales, como es el de Portugal, si existen diferencias de expectativas en auditoria y cuales son sus componentes principales. Para ese efecto se há cuestionado a auditores e profesores de contabilidad e auditoria en relación a diversos asuntos que influyen e incrementan las diferencias de expectativas en auditoria. Por otro lado, también se cuestiona a los usuarios de la información financiera en Portugal, intentando captar cuales son sus percepciones del papel de la auditoria contemporánea, y sus respuestas son comparadas con las opiniones de usuarios de los países anglosajones. Se concluye que las expectativas de los usuarios de la información en Portugal son semejantes a la de los países anglosajones. El fraude es el principal tópico en las diferencias de expectativas. Por otro lado, el modelo actual de informes de auditoria en Portugal no es suficiente claro para que los usuarios puedan percibir cual es el alcance y el trabajo desarrollado por el auditor en la obtención de sus conclusiones.The main goal of this paper is to analyze if, in a small capital market such as the Portuguese, the audit expectation gap exits and which are its major components. We have enquired auditors and University accounting and auditing professors regarding several subjects that influence and increase the audit expectation gap. We have also questioned the Portuguese users of financial information regarding their perception of the role of today's auditing, to assay their opinion with studies made in Anglo-Saxon countries. We have reached the conclusion that Portuguese financial statements users' expectations are similar to the ones of bigger capital markets. As a matter of fact, fraud is the main cause for the existence of the audit expectation gap, nevertheless, Portuguese financial statements users also indicate that the actual auditor's report model in Portugal is

  6. Iberian lynx conservation in Portugal: dilemmas and solutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarmento, P.

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Ateam of biologists and field assistants conducted, between January 2002 and May 2003, a survey on the status of the Iberian lynx in Portugal. The survey was performed on previously identified lynx areas, during studies carried out in the 1970-s and 1990-s Intensive search for lynx scats, for DNA analysis, and camera trapping provided a basis for identifying potential lynx areas. Over 4200 km were covered during a global searching effort of 1975 man-hours. This effort resulted in the collection of 168 potential scats that were submitted to genetic validation with no positive lynx amplifications. Camera trapping was applied in a total effort of 5647 camera days, in three lynx potential areas. No positive detections were achieved. At the same time, a study on wild rabbit distribution reveals that most historical nuclei do not support lynx viable populations. Although we can not confirm extinction, the scenario is highly pessimistic. The Iberian lynx is presently in the verge of extinction. Intensive rabbit regression and massive habitat destruction are identified as the main causes of decline in recent decades. In the Portuguese lynx historical range, we could only identify significant areas suitable for lynx in the South-eastern part of the country, particularly in the Andalusian border, where we lack on recent evidence of lynx presence. Being aware of the considerable difficulties pointed above, the ICN developed a Conservation Action Plan for the Iberian lynx in order to provide a consistent and effective approach to conserve the species in Portuguese territory. This proposal describes guidance that retains future options, provides management consistent, offers necessary flexibility, in order to achieve the maximum goal of conserving the lynx in Portugal. Conservation measures have the goal of provide guiding lines for conservations agents in order to conduct actions that can positively affect lynx and/or to help avoid negative impacts through

  7. Design ecológico : as iniciativas em Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Anastácio, Ana Filipa Fonseca

    2008-01-01

    Durante as últimas décadas, os consumidores começaram a perceber os efeitos ambientais que algumas das suas escolhas diárias provocam e tentam fazer algo para ajudarem a melhorar o ambiente. Os designers têm percebido a importância e influência que o design tem para responder a essa necessidade ambiental dos consumidores criando objectos que não prejudiquem o ambiente. Nesse sentido, o Design Ecológico apresenta-se como uma oportunidade para reduzir o impacto ambiental dos produtos ao mesm...

  8. Notoriedade e valor da marca das cervejas em Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Oliveira, André Miguel Filipe de

    2015-01-01

    A Marca desempenha um papel central no actual contexto empresarial, sendo um dos principais activos de uma Empresa. A correcta medição do seu Valor de Marca (Brand Equity) permitirá uma consciente tomada de decisão de possíveis investimentos de Marketing. O estudo que se segue, tem como objectivo a identificação das variáveis explicativas que contribuem para o Brand Equity, e em que medida contribuem para o Brand Equity. Para tal, será aplicado o modelo de Mensuração Multidimensional do Br...

  9. Deficiências de magnésio em solos e culturas do Norte de Portugal Magnesium deficiencies in soils and crops in Northern Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Portela

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available Diversos estudos realizados no Norte de Portugal têm alertado para a ocorrência de carências de magnésio ou para a possibilidade de deficiente nutrição magnesiana nalgumas culturas. A partir de Julho-Agosto, pode observar-se a sintomatologia de carência de Mg em diversas zonas daquela região em culturas como o milho, em arbóreas e arbustivas, e ainda em espécies florestais. Em Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro e no Entre-Douro e Minho, as deficiências de Mg nas culturas têm-se observado sobretudo em solos desenvolvidos em xistos do Silúrico e do Ordovício, em xistos do Precâmbrico e Câmbrico do complexo Xistograuváquico e em solos provenientes de granitos predominantemente alcalinos de duas micas. Nas formações silúricas, ordovícias e do complexo Xisto-grauváquico dominam as seguintes litologias: quartzofilitos feldspáticos, filitos, micaxistos, xistos grafitosos, ampelitos, liditos, psamitos, grauvaques, siltitos e, ainda, quartzitos xistóides e quartzitos. As unidades-solo onde, frequentemente, se tem observado baixas concentrações foliares de Mg, ou mesmo sintomas da carência de Mg são: os Cambissolos e Leptossolos úmbricos; os Cambissolos e Leptossolos dístricos; os Regossolos úmbricos; os Fluvissolos dístricos e úmbricos; e, ainda, os Antrossolos úmbricos, cumúlicos e áricos. Alguns dos dados aqui apresentados foram coligidos, não só em estudos em que o principal objectivo foi o da confirmação da deficiência de Mg, mas também em levantamentos do estado nutritivo de diversas culturas. Na maioria dos estudos utilizou-se como método de diagnóstico as concentrações foliares de Mg, mas também foram identificadas razões entre nutrientes, nomeadamente Mg/N e Mg/K, associadas à carência de Mg. Nalguns deles determinou-se o limiar a partir do qual se observaram as deficiências de Mg. Em quase todos os trabalhos se encontraram correlações entre as concentrações foliares de Mg e diversos parâmetros qu

  10. Identidades em crise: imigrantes, emoções e saúde mental em Portugal Identities in crisis: migrants, emotions and mental health in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chiara Pussetti

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo, baseado em 4 anos de pesquisa de terreno num serviço de saúde mental específico para imigrantes em Portugal, discute criticamente o carácter da experiência migratória enquanto factor de risco e patologia psíquica. As condições particularmente duras da migração contemporânea são consideradas como propícias a um aumento exponencial de psicopatologias. A ideia de que a emigração esteja indissoluvelmente ligada a formas específicas de sofrimento psicológico acabou para promover uma progressiva medicalização da experiência migratória. Esta leitura patologizante da experiência migratória funda as suas conclusões sobre o modelo de "selecção negativa", isto é: seriam os sujeitos fracos, pouco integrados na sociedade de origem, com escassas ligações afectivas e estrutura familiar instável a optar pela emigração, levando a que os seus distúrbios latentes se manifestassem particularmente no país de acolhimento. A representação da vulnerabilidade psicológica como característica intrínseca dos migrantes não toma todavia em conta a relação mais ampla entre sofrimento individual e experiência de exclusão, marginalização social, discriminação e precariedade das condições habitacionais e laborais, entre outros factores. O estereótipo do imigrante como pessoa frágil do ponto de vista mental, com um elevado risco de desenvolvimento de patologias psiquiátricas, permite transformar os problemas sociais, económicos e políticos de grupos desfavorecidos em elementos potencialmente patológicos que podem ser controlados e monitorizados farmacologicamente.Based upon four years of fieldwork in a Portuguese mental health service for migrants, this paper critically discusses the nature of migratory experience as a risk factor and mental pathology. Several authors recently suggested that the very harsh conditions of contemporary migration are connected with an exponential increase in psychopathology. The

  11. A implementação do conceito Zona de Intervenção Florestal em Portugal : o caso do concelho de Mação

    OpenAIRE

    Deus, Ernesto José Rodrigues Cardoso de

    2010-01-01

    No Verão de 2003 Portugal foi percorrido por grandes incêndios que originaram um total de área ardida sem precedentes, com sérios efeitos a nível social, económico e ambiental. Pretendeu-se desde então encarar o ano 2003 como um ponto de viragem na abordagem aos incêndios, delineando-se diferentes estratégias para aumentar a eficácia das acções de prevenção e combate aos incêndios. Uma das principais estratégias do pós-2003 foi a criação, em 2005, do conceito de Zona de Intervenção Florest...

  12. El papel de las TIC en el rendimiento de las cadenas de suministro: el caso de las grandes empresas de España y Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolás Gonzálvez- Gallego

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo analiza las diferencias existentes entre las grandes empresas de España y Portugal en lo referido tanto al uso de las Tecnologías de la Información y la Comunicación (TIC como a la integración electrónica con los agentes de la cadena de suministro. Estas diferencias se establecen en términos de la capacidad para generar resultados empresariales superiores. Los resultados muestran diferencias entre ambos grupos de empresas y confirman que las empresas españolas deberían perseguir una mayor integración con la cadena de suministro, por ejemplo, a través del desarrollo de TIC que faciliten la colaboración con clientes y proveedores.

  13. Psicologia do desenvolvimento em portugal e espanha: Temas de pesquisa, orientações teóricas, tendências emergentes.

    OpenAIRE

    Lourenço, Orlando

    1994-01-01

    Como indicado em título, esta comunicação pretende apresentar o «estado da arte» da Psicologia do Desenvolvimento em Portugal e Espanha e, contribuir, assim, para a aproximação dos psicólogos dos dois países no contexto europeu. Está dividida em três partes. Na primeira parte, intitulada «Se queres ir longe, tem uma teoria!», fazem-se algumas considerações teóricas sobre o fenómeno do desenvolvimento, por um lado, e apresenta-se o que seria uma «concepção forte de desenvolvimento», por ...

  14. Radiation protection in Portugal: health, safety and legal aspects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper describes the basic legal and technical principles governing radiation protection in Portugal. The methods used in the medical surveillance of occupationally exposed persons (especially in the assessment of biological effects) are described and the results of recent studies carried out with a view to improving biological dosimetry techniques are reported. An account is also given of dosimetry at nuclear centres in mines, at research establishments, in industry and in hospitals and private clinics, the accumulated doses being examined in the light of international recommendations relating to radiation protection. Statistical data on the granting of licences to different kinds of establishment are considered from the radiation safety point of view by the authors, who also describe the methods used for controlling waste from nuclear facilities and the measures taken in such special situations as the visit of a nuclear-powered ship to a Portuguese port or the disposal of radioactive waste into the Atlantic Ocean. A brief account is given of recent efforts to check on radioactive pollution (especially the contamination of milk by 90Sr). Lastly, the criteria followed in licensing and controlling Portuguese establishments which work with radioactive substances or other radiation sources are reviewed and, on the basis of experience, a critical appraisal is made of the application of the fundamental technical and legal principles, which presupposes the necessary co-operation between license-issuing authority, facility operator and staff

  15. Salt fluxes in a complex river mouth system of Portugal.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nuno Vaz

    Full Text Available Measurements of velocity and salinity near the mouth and head of the Espinheiro channel (Ria de Aveiro lagoon, Portugal are used to study the local variation of physical water properties and to assess the balance, under steady conditions, between the seaward salt transport induced by river discharge and the landward dispersion induced by various mixing mechanisms. This assessment is made using data sampled during complete tidal cycles. Under the assumption that the estuarine tidal channel is laterally homogeneous and during moderate tidal periods (except for one survey, currents and salinity data were decomposed into various spatial and temporal means and their deviations. Near the channel's mouth, the main contributions to the salt transport are the terms due to freshwater discharge and the tidal correlation. Near the channel's head, this last term is less important than the density driven circulation, which is enhanced by the increase in freshwater discharge. The remaining terms, which are dependent on the deviations from the mean depth have a smaller role in the results of salt transport. The computed salt transport per unit width of a section perpendicular to the mean flow is in close agreement to the sum of the advective and dispersive terms (within or very close to 12%. An imbalance of the salt budget across the sections is observed for all the surveys. Considerations are made on how this approach can inform the management of hazardous contamination and how to use these results to best time the release of environmental flows during dry months.

  16. Determination of forest fire causes in Portugal (1966-2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Lourenço

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The main goal of this study is to analyse the most important causes affecting fire ignitions in Portugal mainland, between 1996 and 2010. The forest fire database was provided by the Portuguese Government Forest Services (National Forest Authority, AFN, that group the causes in six main categories (negligent usage of fire, accidental, structural causes, incendiary, natural and unknown.The analysis of the causes of the forest fires ignitions shows that the greatest part was not investigated (84%, whilst the knowledge of cause only occurred in 8% of fires. At national level, the results show that incendiary and the negligent usage of the fire are the most important motivations behind forest fires, with almost 40% of the identified causes. At regional scale, fires caused by negligence seems to be more common in the north due to traditional agricultural practices such as pasture renewal, the burning of agricultural and forest debris and hunting practices. In the Alentejo, accidental causes mainly associated with crop harvesting machinery, were the primary reason for the outbreak of forest fires.

  17. Anaplasma marginale and Theileria annulata in questing ticks from Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antunes, S; Ferrolho, J; Domingues, N; Santos, A S; Santos-Silva, M M; Domingos, A

    2016-09-01

    Ticks are ubiquitous arthropods and vectors of several pathogenic agents in animals and humans. Monitoring questing ticks is of great importance to ascertain the occurrence of pathogens and the potential vector species, offering an insight into the risk of disease transmission in a given area. In this study 428 host-seeking ticks, belonging to nine species of Ixodidae and collected from 17 of the 23 Portuguese mainland subregions, were screened for several tick-borne agents with veterinary relevance: Anaplasma marginale, Anaplasma ovis, Anaplasma centrale, Babesia spp., Coxiella burnetii and Theileria spp. Prevalence was assessed by PCR and amplified amplicons sequenced for validation of results. Twenty ticks, in a total of 428, were found positive: one Ixodes ventalloi for Theileria annulata and four Dermacentor marginatus, one Haemaphysalis punctata, five Ixodes ricinus, five I. ventalloi, and four Rhipicephalus sanguineus sensu lato for A. marginale. According to the reviewed literature, this is the first report of A. marginale and T. annulata detection in I. ventalloi. Furthermore, the amplification of A. marginale DNA in several tick species suggests a broad range for this agent in Portugal that might include other uncommon species as R. sanguineus s.l. This work provides new data towards a better understanding of tick-pathogen associations and also contributes to the surveillance of tick-borne agents in geographic areas with limited information. PMID:27394441

  18. Litter in submarine canyons off the west coast of Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mordecai, Gideon; Tyler, Paul A.; Masson, Douglas G.; Huvenne, Veerle A. I.

    2011-12-01

    Marine litter is of global concern and is present in all the world's oceans, including deep benthic habitats where the extent of the problem is still largely unknown. Litter abundance and composition were investigated using video footage and still images from 16 Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) dives in Lisbon, Setúbal, Cascais and Nazaré Canyons located west of Portugal. Litter was most abundant at sites closest to the coastline and population centres, suggesting the majority of the litter was land sourced. Plastic was the dominant type of debris, followed by fishing gear. Standardised mean abundance was 1100 litter items km -2, but was as high as 6600 litter items km -2 in canyons close to Lisbon. Although all anthropogenic material may be harmful to biota, debris was also used as a habitat by some macro-invertebrates. Litter composition and abundance observed in the canyons of the Portuguese margin were comparable to those seen in other deep sea areas around the world. Accumulation of litter in the deep sea is a consequence of human activities both on land and at sea. This needs to be taken into account in future policy decisions regarding marine pollution.

  19. Practice of biopsychosocial medicine in Portugal: perspectives of professionals involved.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pereira, M Graça; Fachada, Alfonso Alonso; Smith, Thomas Edward

    2009-05-01

    Although, recently, the biopsychosocial approach has been emphasized in the practice of family medicine, how psychologists and physicians interact in collaborative family health care practice is still emerging in Portugal. This article describes a qualitative study that focused on the understanding of psychologists and family physicians' perceptions of their role and the collaborative approach in health care. A questionnaire gathered information regarding collaboration, referral, training and the practice of biopsychosocial medicine. A content analysis on respondents' discourse was performed. Results show that both physicians and psychologists agree on the importance of the biopsychosocial model and interdisciplinary collaboration. However, they also mentioned several difficulties that have to do with the lack of psychologists working full time in health care centers, lack of communication and different expectancies regarding each other roles in health care delivery. Both physicians and psychologists acknowledge the lack of academic training and consider the need for multidisciplinary teams in their training and practice to improve collaboration and integrative care. Implications for future research and for the practice of biopsychosocial medicine are addressed. PMID:19476234

  20. Dimensions of Causal Attributions of Tax Evasion in Portugal

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    José C. Tavares

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Un estudio realizado en España (Salgado, 1998 sugirió que las atribuciones de la evasión fiscal tienen dos dimensiones independientes: (a control de la evasión fiscal, y (b las creencias sobre el sistema fiscal. A fin de comprobar si la percepción de las causas de la evasión fiscal son generalizables transculturalmente, este artículo presenta una investigación realizada en Portugal utilizando las mismas atribuciones causales usadas en la investigación española. A una muestra de 497 hombres y mujeres portugueses, de diferentes puestos de trabajo, se les preguntó acerca de sus percepciones causales de la evasión fiscal. Se llevó a cabo un análisis factorial y los resultados mostraron una estructura factorial que reproduce la estructura factorial española. Los coeficientes de congruencia confirmaron la similitud de las dos estructuras. Estos resultados confirmaron que las dos dimensiones pueden explicar la estructura de la percepción de las causas de la evasión fiscal. Se discuten las implicaciones de los resultados y se sugieren investigaciones futuras.

  1. A comparative study on music teacher preparation in Portugal and Brazil

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    Graça Mota

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The preparation of music teachers in Portugal and Brazil is the focus of this text, which aims at presenting preliminary aspects of a study in progress in the context of higher education in both countries. Inspired by comparative education methodology, the present study is investigating official documents and academic curricula offered in Portugal and Brazil for the music teachers’ preparation to promote, in different ways, the comparative reflection with an emphasis on school education. The music teachers’ education in both countries was analyzed taking into account the following elements: educational context in Portugal and Brazil; music preparation prior to higher education, and the entrance criteria in the courses that are offered for music teachers; curricular elements of the courses; teaching practice and professional perspectives. The preliminary results of this comparative analysis demonstrate similarities and differences in the two contexts: 1 in both countries, music teachers for regular schools receive their degrees in higher education institutions, and in Portugal, beyond the Licenciatura in Music, a Music Education Master degree is demanded; 2 in both countries specific entrance tests are accomplished in the universities, demanding previous musical knowledge; 3 the balance among the musical and pedagogical preparation is one of the curricular objectives; 4 the teaching practice is an emphasized component in the teachers’ preparation; 5 in Portugal, student’s motivation for the work in the regular school appears to be larger than in Brazil.

  2. A saúde no Brasil e em Portugal na atualidade: o desafio de concretizar direitos Health in Brazil and in Portugal in the present: the challenge of achieving rights

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    Maria Inês Souza Bravo

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available O artigo procura analisar a política de saúde no Brasil e em Portugal desde a garantia da universalidade, no processo de redemocratização dos dois países, até os dias atuais. Ressalta as modificações ocorridas após os anos 1990 nos dois países, com destaque para a gestão dos serviços de saúde com a criação de "novos" modelos gerenciais. Aborda-se também, de forma sucinta, a temática do aborto como questão de saúde pública, pois é um tema em debate na atualidade em ambos os países, embora não seja objeto deste texto.The article analyses both the Brazilian and the Portuguese health policy from the guarantee of universality in the two-country process of democratization to the current days. The changes in the two countries after the nineties will be highlighted, with emphasis on the management of health services with the creation of "new" management models. The article also discusses the problem of abortion as a public health issue briefly because it is a topic on debate in both countries nowadays, although that is not the subject of this article.

  3. Un puente entre España y Portugal: Carmen de Burgos y su amistad con Ana de Castro Osório

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    Núñez Rey, Concepción

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Spain and Portugal experienced a time of intense cultural exchange from 1915 onwards through two major female figures in the two countries who were bound by strong intellectual and personal links. Ana de Castro was a writer prominent in politics, journalism and Portuguese literature from the late 19th century, and Carmen de Burgos was the first professional Spanish woman journalist and one of the most important writers of the first third of the 20th century. They shared the ideals of equality for women and social justice for all, in conjunction with their incessant work in the press and in literary creation: Ana de Castro, more as a political figure, Carmen de Burgos, more as writer. We remember here the intense activity that they shared and the wide echo that it found in the press of both countries.España y Portugal vivieron un tiempo de intenso intercambio cultural a partir de 1915 a través de dos grandes figuras femeninas de ambos países, unidas por fuertes vínculos intelectuales y personales. Ana de Castro fue una escritora muy destacada en la política, en el periodismo y en la literatura lusas desde finales del siglo XIX, y Carmen de Burgos fue la primera periodista profesional española y una de las escritoras más importantes del primer tercio del siglo XX. Ambas compartieron grandes ideales de igualdad para la mujer y de justicia social para todos, unidos a una incesante labor periodística y literaria: Ana de Castro, más como política, Carmen de Burgos, más como escritora. Recordamos aquí la intensa actividad compartida y el amplio eco que encontró en la prensa de los dos países.

  4. Monitorização, ao longo de 12 meses, dos teores de peróxidos, aldeídos e clorofila de azeites virgem extra, monovarietais e de mistura, produzidos em Portugal e armazenados em 4 diferentes condições

    OpenAIRE

    Serrano, Liliana de Jesus Ligas

    2014-01-01

    Dissertação para obtenção do grau de Mestre em Segurança Alimentar e Saúde Pública Neste trabalho estudou-se a variação de 6 parâmetros químicos do azeite virgem extra, ao longo de 12 meses, sob quatro condições de armazenamento. Para isso,seleccionaram-se 10 amostras de azeite de virgem extra, representativas das principais regiões produtoras de Portugal, sendo 5 monovarietais, das variedades Arbequina, Cobrançosa, Galega, Picual e 5 de mistura. Os azeites foram recolhidos dir...

  5. Genetic characterization of Toxoplasma gondii isolates from Portugal, Austria, and Israel reveals higher genetic variability within the type II lineage

    Science.gov (United States)

    This study compared genetic diversity of Toxoplasma gondii isolates from Portugal, Austria and Israel. For this, we genotyped 90 T. gondii isolates (16 from Portugal, 67 from Austria and 7 from Israel) using 10 nested PCR-restriction length polymorphism (RFLP) genetic markers and 15 microsatellite (...

  6. Social housing in Portugal and in the municipality of São Paulo: Comparison of space standards

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Costa Branco De Oliveira Pedro, J.A.; Boueri, J.J.

    2010-01-01

    This paper compares the space standards for social housing in Portugal and in São Paulo, and seeks explanations for differences in the socio-economic context of both territories. The Controlled Cost Housing (CCH) in Portugal and the housing built within the program My Home My Life (MHML) in São Paul

  7. The Eclipse, the Astronomer and His Audience: Frederico Oom and the Total Solar Eclipse of 28 May 1900 in Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carolino, Luis Miguel; Simoes, Ana

    2012-01-01

    This study offers a detailed analysis of an episode of the popularization of astronomy which took place in Portugal, a peripheral country of Europe, and occurring in the early twentieth century. The episode was driven by the 28 May 1900 total solar eclipse which was seen on the Iberian Peninsula (Portugal and Spain). Instead of focusing on one of…

  8. O ENSINO DA LEITURA LITERÁRIA NA ESCOLA, EM PORTUGAL: DO DISCURSO OFICIAL ÀS PRÁTICAS

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    Ângela Balça

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Neste artigo pretendemos dar uma panorâmica do ensino da leitura literária na escola, em Portugal. Centramo-nos, numa fase inicial, no discurso oficial, materializado nos inúmeros programas e iniciativas ministeriais - a Rede de Bibliotecas Escolares, o Plano Nacional de Leitura, o Programa Nacional de Ensino do Português e os atuais Programas do Ensino Básico – e nele vamos analisar como todas estas iniciativas se articulam no ensino da leitura e da formação de leitores literários. Posteriormente, passaremos deste discurso pedagógico oficial para a sua recontextualização na escola e nas salas de aula do 1.º ciclo do ensino básico. Neste ponto, vamos descrever as práticas articuladas ao texto literário, observadas pelas investigadoras, na condição de formadoras do Programa Nacional de Ensino do Português.http://dx.doi.org/10.14572/nuances.v21i22.1624

  9. ADOLESCENT QUALITY OF LIFE AND HEALTH BEHAVIORS: A COMPARATIVE STUDY BETWEEN ADOLESCENTS FROM THE SOUTH OF PORTUGAL AND SPAIN

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    Marta Lima-Serrano

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio observacional, transversal para examinar diferencias en calidad de vida percibida y estilos de vida de adolescentes del sur de Portugal y del sur de España. A 319 adolescentes, se les administró el Kidscreen-27, una versión corta del cuestionario “Health Behavior in School-aged Children”, y un cuestionario sociodemográfico. Se observaron diferencias estadísticas entre adolescentes portugueses y españoles. Los portugueses experimentan más drogas legales, y consumen más vino y cerveza. Los españoles consumen más tabaco. No se encontraron diferencias entre países en el uso de hachís, bebidas destiladas, embriaguez y edad de la primera relación sexual. Los españoles se perciben con mayor calidad de vida. Se encontraron diferencias de género en varias dimensiones de la calidad de vida, principalmente entre adolescentes españoles. Se discuten los resultados con investigaciones previas sobre estos tópicos, y pueden ser considerados por las enfermeras en la promoción de salud adolescente.

  10. Desenvolvimento do curso de gerenciamento em enfermagem on-line: experiência exitosa entre Brasil e Portugal

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    Daisy Maria Rizatto Tronchin

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO Objetivo Descrever a experiência no planejamento e desenvolvimento de um Curso de Atualização On-Line em Gerenciamento em Enfermagem destinado a enfermeiros nos contextos Brasil e Portugal. Método O desenho instrucional do Curso fundamentou-se na Teoria da Aprendizagem Significativa, na Andragogia e na Metodologia Dialética, valorizando a interação entre os atores e privilegiando os cenários de prática e a aplicação dos conceitos abordados. Resultados O Curso está estruturado em nove unidades teóricas, quatro estudos de caso e prova dissertativa. Foi avaliado positivamente pelos participantes, os quais referiram oportunidades de aquisição de novos conhecimentos; interação e intercâmbio de experiência; motivação em estudar os temas e autoaprendizagem. Conclusão Espera-se que a experiência descrita estimule a proposição de novos cursos e programas na modalidade de Educação a Distância, incrementando os processos de ensino e de aprendizagem para subsidiar análises futuras do seu impacto no desenvolvimento e no aprimoramento de competências gerenciais em enfermagem.

  11. Ambiente, paisagem, património e economia: Os conflitos em torno de parques eólicos em Portugal

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    Ana Delicado

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Nos últimos anos tem‑se assistido em Portugal ao crescimento exponencial do número de parques eólicos, respondendo às pressões políticas e económicas para atingir metas ambiciosas no que concerne à produção de energia através de fontes renováveis. A nível geral, este desenvolvimento tem‑se pautado por discursos consensuais – mitigação das alterações climáticas, diminuição da dependência energética face ao exterior –, mas ao nível local e situado os conflitos tornam‑se visíveis (destruição visual da paisagem, impactes nocivos nos ecossistemas rurais, nas atividades turísticas, na saúde. Este artigo tem como objetivo explorar os conflitos em torno da energia eólica, com base num estudo de caso exploratório realizado na aldeia histórica de Sortelha, acompanhado da análise de variadas fontes empíricas, tais como dados estatísticos, estudos de impacte ambiental, artigos de imprensa e de blogues.

  12. A introdução da interseccionalidade em Portugal: Repensar as políticas de igualdade(s

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    Alba Alonso

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available A literatura mais recente sobre políticas de igualdade tem prestado grande atenção à inserção da interseccionalidade nas políticas públicas, especialmente desde que a UE apostou em introduzir a nova agenda das desigualdades múltiplas. Este artigo segue outros estudos que abordam as reacções de diferentes Estados‑membros a esta nova prioridade política europeia e analisa o caso português. Usando a tipologia apresentada por Hancock (2007, argumentará que este país inicia a transição para uma perspectiva múltipla, partindo da aprovação de novos planos e organismos em que as desigualdades nem sempre são tratadas de modo independente. Paralelamente, prestará atenção às peculiaridades demonstradas pela experiência de Portugal, tais como a aposta nos conselhos de participação ou no desenvolvimento de um modelo institucional diferenciado.

  13. Aprendizaje social e intenciones emprendedoras: un estudio comparativo entre México, España y Portugal

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    José Carlos Sánchez

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available El propósito del estudio ha sido explicar las diferencias encontradas entre los niveles de actividad emprendedora de México, España y Portugal a partir de un efecto autorreforzante, por medio de mecanismos de aprendizaje social. Se hipotetizó que el país de residencia, como variable indicadora del nivel de exposición a modelos de rol emprendedores, predeciría la autoeficacia emprendedora y las intenciones de emprender de los jóvenes implicados en decisiones de carrera. Se recogieron datos de autoinforme a partir de una muestra de 377 participantes de los tres países. Los análisis de MANOVA y regresión mostraron mayores niveles de autoeficacia e intenciones emprendedoras en los jóvenes mexicanos en comparaci ón con sus iguales españoles y portugueses, y que el país de residencia influyó sobre la intención de emprender por mediación de la autoeficacia emprendedora. Los resultados tienen importantes implicaciones para el fomento de la creación empresarial entre los jóvenes.

  14. para palmito

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    Francisco Paulo Chaimsohn

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Densidades de siembra, arreglos espaciales y fertilización en pejibaye (Bactris gasipaes cv Diamantes-10 para palmito. La investigación se llevó a cabo en la Estación Experimental Los Diamantes (Guápiles, Costa Rica, el 3 de octubre del 2003, cuyo objetivo fue la evaluación del efecto de diferentes densidades de siembra (3.333, 5.000 y 6.666 plantas/ha, arreglos espaciales, y diversos métodos de fertilización (química, orgánica, sobre el crecimiento de las plantas de pejibaye para producción de palmito. Se consideraron las variables diámetro y altura del tallo primario y el número de hojas y rebrotes como indicadores de producción. El período de evolución abarcó sólo los primeros 25 meses de crecimiento en el campo. El número de hojas, la altura y el diámetro del tallo no mostraron diferencias de respuesta relevantes. Sólo el número de rebrotes disminuyó al aumentar la densidad de la población, cuando se midió a los 15 meses de edad. El efecto de la fertilización se hizo evidente después de la primera cosecha, realizada a los 20 meses, debido al aumento de la competencia entre plantas, ahora más desarrolladas. Fue entonces cuando la fertilización química indujo la producción de un mayor número y vigor de los rebrotes. Sin embargo, las prácticas evaluadas 25 meses después de la siembra, no habían infl uido hasta ese momento en el número de palmitos cosechados, ni tampoco había afectado las características físicas de los sectores foliar y caulinar del palmito.

  15. Beyond the “Casa Portuguesa”: analysis of popular music exchanges between Brazil and Portugal

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    Tiago José Lemos Monteiro

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper identifies and discusses the silences and the asymmetrical relations that characterize the exchanges of popular music between Brazil and Portugal. At the same time that our perception of the contemporary Portuguese culture seems mediated by a "mythical common sense" deeply influenced by the discourse of tradition, Portugal became an enthusiastic consumer of our "modern" media culture. Such assymetries are visible in the huge success of Brazilian artists and bands in Portugal, whose counterpoint is the absence of Portuguese contemporary musical production in Brazil, especially those related to pop/rock. This paper aims to question the socially constructed nature of such speeches, and thus contribute to the elucidation of some aspects of local-global dynamics in the industry of entertainment, related to the musical consumption practices of the urban youth.

  16. The teaching about the care of the elderly in nursing training: the situation in Portugal

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    Silvana Sidney Costa Santos

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to look at the teaching situation of the nursing undergraduate degree’s courses about eldercare in Portugal. A documentary research on the teaching programs in 39 nursing schools, 26 schools presented syllabus units related to the topic ‘eldercare’ and in eight of these schools the contents of the units were identified. Using textual analysis and from the categories we concluded that the teaching regarding eldercare for the nurse training in Portugal is focused on hospital care; it is directed to the adult/elderly/family; it explores the definitions related to the aging process; it explores community issues, legislation and research. People responsible for the design/monitoring of teaching programs should include teaching regarding eldercare in the nurse training, considering that the elder population is increasing in Portugal.

  17. Optical fiber sensors: a route from University of Kent to Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santos, José L.; Lobo Ribeiro, António B.

    2011-06-01

    In this work the authors first summarily describe the main topics that were the subject of their post-graduate activity in fiber sensing at the Applied Optics Group of University of Kent in the late 1980s and early 1990s. After their return to Porto, Portugal, the know-how acquired during their stay at Kent and the collaboration paths that followed between the University of Porto and University of Kent were instrumental in the start-up and progress of optical fiber sensing activity in Portugal. The main topics addressed in this field, the description of some of the relevant developments achieved in recent years, the present situation and the guidelines for the future research and development activity in Portugal in fiber sensing will be the core of this work.

  18. Brasileiros em Portugal: transmissões, recepções e transformações alimentares

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    Isabel M. R. Mendes Drumond Braga

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Foi a partir de 1993 que o saldo migratório em Portugal passou a revelar-se positivo e em crescimento. Em 1997, viviam em Portugal 175.263 pessoas com autorização de residência, a que se juntavam imigrantes ilegais em número desconhecido, calculando-se em pouco mais de 2% a percentagem de imigrantes no cômputo total da população residente no país. 11,4% dos imigrantes eram oriundos do Brasil. Dados mais recentes e ainda provisórios, fornecidos pelo Serviço de Estrangeiros e Fronteiras, relativos a 2007, dão conta de 435.736 imigrantes legais. Os brasileiros, num total de 66.354, representam 15,2% desse total. Sabendo-se que a presença de uma comunidade estrangeira numericamente significativa dá origem quer à abertura de pequenas lojas de produtos antes inexistentes no país de acolhimento quer ao comércio paralelo, procurei sondar que novidades alimentares brasileiras ocorreram em Portugal nos últimos anos, através de um questionário a realizar a um mínimo de 200 brasileiros. Pretendeu saber-se sexo, idade, estado de onde são oriundos, atividade a que se dedicam, prato brasileiro preferido, quais os alimentos que consumiam no Brasil e não conseguem encontrar em Portugal, quais os alimentos brasileiros que consomem em Portugal e, finalmente, onde conseguem obtê-los. A análise dos dados obtidos no questionário, bem como as informações disponíveis acerca dos chamados restaurantes étnicos, permitem estudar os hábitos alimentares da comunidade brasileira em Portugal, nomeadamente as transmissões, recepções e transformações alimentares que estão em curso e que têm repercussões entre portugueses e brasileiros, uma vez que as transferências culturais resultam das inter-relações entre conjuntos culturais postos em contacto.From 1993 onwards the net migratory balance in Portugal has become positive and on the rise. In 1997 there were 175.263 people living in Portugal with a residence permit as well as illegal

  19. Information Management in Portugal: education and employment conditions and some prospects

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    Maria Cristina Vieira de Freitas

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The Professors Cristina Freitas and Maria da Graça Simões answer questions prepared by teachers from the Faculdade de Informação e Comunicação (Gestão da Informação Undergraduate Degree da Universidade Federal de Goiás - UFG. The questions are related to the educational structure dedicated to the issues of information management in Portugal, the influence of the "Big Data" phenomenon on education and training in the area - including discussions on data governance, the fundation areas of Information Management and the main approaches to information research in the Country. Besides, they discuss the employment conditions (threats and opportunities for professionals in Information Management in Portugal and in Europe [Available Language: Portuguese/Portugal].

  20. Does Trade Help to Explain Tourism Demand? The Case of Portugal

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    Nuno Carlos LEITÃO

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available The tourism industry has expanded in recent years due to internal and external environmental forces. These forces, income, trade, consumer price, and geographical distance are interconnected. Accounting for imperfect competition and increasing returns to scale, the new trade theory offers the explanation of dynamic gains from international trade. A large number of studies attempt to test the hypothesis that there is a link between trade and tourism. Most of the studies show that trade and tourism are positively correlated. This paper specifies static and dynamic panel demand models for tourism in Portugal and estimates demand equations using tourist inflow data for the period 1995-2006. We find that bilateral trade, immigration, border, and geographical distance between Portugal and countries of origin are the main determinants of tourism to Portugal. The dynamic panel data approach indicates that trade, population, and income are more important determinants than relative price.

  1. Para Leer

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    Adela Sanz Cañibano

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Jorge L. Tizón, Ramón Ciurana, M del Carmen Fernández (Comps. Libro de casos. Promoción de la salud mental desde la atención primaria. (Adela Sanz Cañibano Grupo de Expertos en Competencia Intercultural. Instrumento para la valoración de la Competencia Intercultural en la Atención en salud mental. Hacia la equidad en salud. (María Goretti Morón Nozaleda Mariano Hernández Monsalve y Pilar Nieto Degregori (Coords.. Psicoterapia y Rehabilitación de pacientes con psicosis. (Francisco Chicharro Lezcano André du Laurens. De las enfermedades melancólicas. Jourdain Guibelet. Del humor melancólico. (Iñaki Markez Julio José? Segarra Valls. Léxico psico(patológico en la obra de Carlos Castilla del Pino. (Eudoxia Gay Pamos Giorgio Nardone y Alessandro Salvini. El diálogo estratégico. (Fernando Mansilla Izquierdo Michel Foucault. Leçons sur la volonté de savoir, suivi de Le savoir d'Edipe. (Mauricio Jalón Camilo Castelo Branco. La novela de un hombre rico. (Alicia Merisi Kenzaburo Oé. Cuadernos de Hiroshima. (Mauricio Jalón Pascal Quignard. Les solidarités mystérieuses. (Beatriz A. Rubín Documentos en la red (Juan Medrano

  2. Pesquisa biográfica junto de imigrantes em Portugal: experiência de pesquisa participativa e relevância analítica dos testemunhos privados

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    Elsa Lechner

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available O presente texto é resultados do projeto "Pesquisa das migrações e abordagem biográfica: construindo um trabalho em colaboração no contexto português", desenvolvido no Centro de Estudos Sociais da Universidade de Coimbra e financiado pela Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia. Este estudo é uma proposta de trabalho em colaboração entre investigadores das ciências sociais e imigrantes residentes naquela cidade do centro de Portugal. Mais especificamente, procura-se estudar e conhecer a experiência migratória de imigrantes com origens e perfis muito diversos que escolheram - de uma forma ou de outra - a cidade de Coimbra para viver. Os objectivos de partida do trabalho decorrem do nosso foco privilegiado nas experiências e relatos biográficos dos sujeitos nossos interlocutores: 1 qual a perspectiva dos migrantes sobre sua experiência migratória? 2 qual o impacto da pesquisa biográfica na vida dos migrantes e sociedade de imigração? 3 como reconhecer os sujeitos interlocutores para além de um propósito meramente objectificante da pesquisa? Propõe-se aqui fazer uma reflexão, em diálogo com os referenciais teóricos da pesquisa biográfica emancipatória, bem como da pesquisa partilhada ou participativa em ciências sociais.

  3. Sea urchins, their predators and prey in SW Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nuno Mamede

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Sea urchins play a key role structuring benthic communities of rocky shores through an intense herbivory. The most abundant sea urchin species on shallow rocky subtidal habitats of the SW coast of Portugal is Paracentrotus lividus (Echinodermata: Echinoidea. It is considered a key species in various locations throughout its geographical distribution by affecting the structure of macroalgae communities and may cause the abrupt transformation of habitats dominated by foliose algae to habitats dominated by encrusting algae - the urchin barrens. The removal of P. lividus predators by recreational and commercial fishing is considered a major cause of this phenomenon by affecting the trophic relationships between predators, sea urchins and algae communities. Marine protected areas (MPAs usually lead to the recovery of important predator species that control sea urchin populations and restore habitats dominated by foliose macroalgae. Therefore, MPAs provide a good opportunity to test cascading effects and indirect impacts of fishing at the ecosystem level. The ecological role of P. lividus was studied on rocky subtidal habitats of the SW coast of Portugal (Alentejo considering three trophic levels: population of P. lividus, their predators (fish and shellfish and their prey (macroalgae communities. Several studies were conducted: (1 a non-destructive observational study on the abundance and distribution patterns of P. lividus, their predators and preys, comparing areas with different protection; (2 a manipulative in situ study with cages to assess the role of P. lividus as an herbivore and the influence of predation; (3 a descriptive study of P. lividus predators based on underwater filming; (4 and a study of human perception on these trophic relationships and other issues on sea urchin ecology and fishery, based on surveys made to fishermen and divers. Subtidal studies were performed with SCUBA diving at 3-12 m deep. Results indicate that in the

  4. Eucisia schist a natural stone from Northern Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aires, Silvia; Carvalho, Cristina; Noronha, Fernando

    2013-04-01

    : CS 53 Mpa, FS 16.3 MPa, AD 25220 kg/m3 , OP 9.3%, WA 1,2 % AR 26.0mm and RTS resistant. For settling the recommended applications, European standards for natural stone products were considered. Considering the technical specifications that exist in some European countries, "Eucisia schist" can be applied on rustic masonary units, on colums, on paving (low traffic, mainly indoors) and on cladding (mainly indoors). This work was performed under the project PTDC/CTE-GIN/70704/2006, "SCHISTRESOURCE funded by FCT (Portuguese Science and Technology Foundation). SFRH/BD/86641/2012 a FCT grant financially supports Silvia Aires. [1] A.Ribeiro, E. Pereira and R. Dias, in Pre-Mesozoic Geology of Iberia edited by R.D. Dallmeyer and E. Martinez-Garcia, Berlin Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag. (1990). [2] E. Pereira, in: E. Pereira, coord. Carta Geológica de Portugal. Notícia Explicativa da Folha 2. (2006) [3] E. Pereira, A. Ribeiro, in: E. Pereira, coord. Carta Geológica de Portugal. Notícia Explicativa da Folha 2. (2006).

  5. The impact of winter cold weather on acute myocardial infarctions in Portugal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mortality due to cardiovascular diseases shows a seasonal trend that can be associated with cold weather. Portugal is the European country with the highest excess winter mortality, but nevertheless, the relationship between cold weather and health is yet to be assessed. The main aim of this study is to identify the contribution of cold weather to cardiovascular diseases within Portugal. Poisson regression analysis based on generalized additive models was applied to estimate the influence of a human-biometeorological index (PET) on daily hospitalizations for myocardial infarction. The main results revealed a negative effect of cold weather on acute myocardial infarctions in Portugal. For every degree fall in PET during winter, there was an increase of up to 2.2% (95% CI = 0.9%; 3.3%) in daily hospital admissions. This paper shows the need for public policies that will help minimize or, indeed, prevent exposure to cold. -- Highlights: ► We model the relationship between daily hospitalizations due to myocardial infarctions and cold weather in Portugal. ► We use Physiological Equivalent temperature (PET) as main explanatory variable. ► We adjust the models to confounding factors such as influenza and air pollution. ► Daily hospitalizations increased up to 2.2% per degree fall of PET during winter. ► Exposure to cold weather has a negative impact on human health in Portugal. -- There is an increase of up to 2.2% in daily hospitalizations due to acute myocardial infarctions per degree fall of thermal index during the winter months in Portugal

  6. Rehabilitation of adobe buildings. Understanding different materials from Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costa, Cristiana; Rocha, Fernando; Velosa, Ana

    2016-04-01

    Earth construction is the oldest building material known, with documented cases of the use of earth bricks since Mesopotamia around 10 000 BC (Heathcote, 1995). The earth construction exists throughout the majority of the world in different cultures, and for some countries, nowadays it continues to be the main process of construction (Vega et al, 2011). Around 30% of the world's population lives in buildings made of earth materials. Earthen construction is an environmentally friendly technique with a social and cultural contribution; this advantage is increased when this type of construction is applied in developing countries where the material costs counterbalance with labour costs, and where other materials and techniques cannot be available (Ciancio et al, 2013). Studies of materials characterization are required in order to understand the composition and specific properties of the earth buildings, their heterogeneity and their degradation mechanisms. Some adobes from different buildings, ages and regions of Portugal were collected in order to characterize them (mineralogically, chemically and physically). It was possible to understand the composition of these materials and their differences. Main minerals are quartz, feldspars, calcite and phyllosilicates (mica and kaolinite). The mechanical behaviour of these materials isn't the best, but it is possible to improve it with some simple and cheap natural additives (kaolinitic soils). The characterization of these materials allows us to understand the differences between the materials from the different regions (controlled by locally available raw materials). Understanding these materials, and their properties, it is possible to formulate new ones for repair, conservation and rehabilitation works. The adobe bricks are an alternative of kiln baked bricks which has several advantages and one of the most important is that these materials are recyclable. Adobes are an excellent option for building rehabilitation, if

  7. Le marquis de Pombal et la politique scientifique du Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henrique Leitão

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Les réformes éducatives réalisées par le marquis de Pombal (1699-1782 au milieu du xviiie siècle sont généralement considérées comme un des moments critiques dans la genèse d’une politique scientifique moderne au Portugal. À la suite de l’expulsion de la Compagnie de Jésus (1759, la structure de l’enseignement secondaire et pré-universitaire a été radicalement transformée. Avec la réforme de l’Université (1772, la définition même d’enseignement supérieur et le rôle de l’université ont été profondément altérés. Le programme réformateur de Pombal était explicitement modernisateur (introduction des sciences expérimentales, création d’une Faculté de mathématiques, abandon du latin, etc., et il a été conduit avec la détermination de la personnalité excessive du célèbre marquis. Mais en dépit de l’indéniable modernité de cet ambitieux projet, les actions de Pombal étaient aussi très influencées par des contraintes politiques et une vision particulière du rôle de la science dans la société. Le résultat final, selon plusieurs historiens, a été extrêmement complexe, voire paradoxal.

  8. Spin-offs académicas em Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Valente, Fernando Manuel

    2015-01-01

    Doutoramento em Gestão A literatura de empreendedorismo académico tem abordado uma grande diversidade de temas, nomeadamente: (i) estudos sobre o papel dos governos em processos de spin-off incluindo formas de apoiar a sua criação e desenvolvimento como mecanismo para transferir conhecimento para o mercado; (ii) estudos sobre o papel das universidades no processo de transferência de conhecimento, tais como as formas de incentivar a criação e desenvolvimento de novas empresas pelos académic...

  9. Principales consecuencias de los planes de ajuste en Grecia, Irlanda y Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Tortosa Collado, David

    2014-01-01

    Trabajo acerca de las políticas seguidas por Grecia, Irlanda y Portugal como medida de respuesta a los rescates necesarios que han tenido que recibir por los problemas ocasionados por la crisis actual y por sus situaciones particulares. Grecia, un país con un grave problema de deuda soberana y cuentas falsificadas, Irlanda, cuya situación fue crítica a partir de su rescate bancario y Portugal, un país con un escaso crecimiento y la desconfianza internacional. En él, tras un breve marco teóric...

  10. Fathering and Conjugality in Transnational Patchwork Families: the Angola/Portugal case

    OpenAIRE

    Grassi, Marzia; Vivet, Jeanne

    2014-01-01

    This paper explores long-distance fatherhood and the father-child relationships in transnational families between Angola and Portugal. Using evidence for the Portugal/Angola case in the second work package of the TCRAf-Eu project, we discuss the division of parental duties based on established gender roles (mother as caregiver and father as bread-winner) and how they are reconstructed in the long-distance context in which there are very few mothers living abroad: in our sample, the overwhelmi...

  11. Surveillance of imported hospital requiring malaria in Portugal: can it be improved?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fonseca, Ana Glória; Simões Dias, Sara; Baptista, João Luís; Torgal, Jorge

    2016-06-01

    Although eradicated in Portugal, malaria keeps taking its toll on travellers and migrants from endemic countries. Completeness of hospital requiring malaria notification in Portugal 2000-11 was estimated, using two-source capture-recapture method. Data sources were: national surveillance database of notifiable diseases and the national database of the Diagnosis-Related Groups resulting from National Health Service (NHS) hospital episodes. The completeness of notification was 21,2% for all malaria cases and 26,5% for malaria deaths, indicating significant underreporting and urging for complementary data source in surveillance, for disease burden estimates and retrospective monitoring, namely hospital episodes statistics.

  12. Construction and modification of the autonomy of school mathematical knowledge in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Manuel Matos

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available During the second half of the nineteenth century and early twentieth century the discipline of secondary mathematics was gradually built in Portugal and certified teachers, textbooks, programs, special teaching techniques emerge. This consolidation process ends with the emergency of school subjects that develop some kind of autonomy as Chervel puts it. This article discusses how the school discipline of mathematics in secondary education in Portugal was set. This process is inseparable from teacher training and so we will observe professional legitimation processes paying special attention to ways in which autonomy has been building and modifying over time.

  13. Detection of Fusarium circinatum Nirenberg & O’Donnell in coniferous of the central region of Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Paiva, Diana Sofia Coutinho Silva de

    2011-01-01

    Numa altura em que a Floresta de Pinho em Portugal se encontra extremamente fragilizada pelo alastramento do nemátodo da Madeira do Pinheiro a todo o território continental, surge uma nova ameaça, o que tende a agravar o estado fitossanitário do Pinhal. Fusarium circinatum Nirenberg & O´Donnell (teleomorfo Gibberella circinata Nirenberg & O´Donnell), agente responsável pelo cancro resinoso do pinheiro, foi oficialmente assinalado em Portugal em Abril de 2008, num viveiro localizado na cidade ...

  14. The Importance of Housing in Portugal in the Age of Austerity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alves, Sonia; Veludo, Ricardo

    2014-01-01

    Housing is one of the pillars of the welfare state. It is, however, one of the least developed and most market-determined domains of social provision. In Portugal, as in other southern European countries, housing occupies a contingent position with complex social, historical, and nationally......-specific political factors bearing upon it. By using statistical data and a literature review, this paper will provide an overview of the key factors shaping the housing system in Portugal in recent decades. We demonstrate the critical importance of housing in the Portuguese economy and society in regard to its...

  15. A new cave-dwelling millipede of the genus Scutogona from central Portugal (Diplopoda, Chordeumatida, Chamaesomatidae)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Enghoff, Henrik; P. S. Reboleira, Ana Sofia

    2013-01-01

    A new cave-dwelling species of the genus Scutogona Ribuat, 1913, S. minor n. sp., is described from caves of Sicó karst in central Portugal. The classification and delimitation of Scutogona vis-à-vis related genera, in particular Meinerteuma Mauriès, 1982, is discussed.......A new cave-dwelling species of the genus Scutogona Ribuat, 1913, S. minor n. sp., is described from caves of Sicó karst in central Portugal. The classification and delimitation of Scutogona vis-à-vis related genera, in particular Meinerteuma Mauriès, 1982, is discussed....

  16. Tendências recentes de abordagem à contabilidade pública em Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria da Conceição da Costa Marques

    2003-04-01

    Full Text Available Face à especial atenção que tem vindo a ser dada à contabilidade pública não só em Portugal como na maioria dos países desenvolvidos do mundo, revelase de particular interesse um estudo evolutivo/cronológico da contabilidade pública em Portugal. Com efeito, esta contabilidade, submetida durante anos a um anonimato sem sentido, viu, sobretudo com a adesão de Portugal à Comunidade Europeia em 1986 e, mais tarde, à União Económica e Monetária, um interesse especial não só do Governo e entidades envolvidas, como do público em geral. E tanto assim é, que sobretudo desde 1990 que se assiste à aprovação de um conjunto de diplomas reguladores das matérias inerentes à contabilidade pública, inseridos num processo de reformas que ainda não terminou. É com este pano de fundo que pretendemos elaborar este trabalho, o qual esperamos elucide o leitor sobre os progressos da contabilidade pública em Portugal, que, de uma contabilidade meramente legal, passa a uma contabilidade baseada em critérios emergentes de economia, eficiência e eficácia.In view of the special attention that has been given to public accounting in recent times, not only in Portugal but in most developed countries, an evolutionary/ chronological study of public accounting in Portugal shows to be of particular interest. This accounting, which had been submitted to meaningless anonymity for years, actually became the subject of special interest not only by the government and other entities involved, but also by the public in general, mainly when Portugal adhered to the European Community in 1986 and, later on, to the Economic and Monetary Union. To the extent that, particularly from 1990 onwards, a set of laws has been approved which regulate issues inherent to public accounting.These are inserted in a reform process that has not finished yet. Against this background, we hope that this study will enlighten the reader about the progress in public Accounting in

  17. Surveillance of imported hospital requiring malaria in Portugal: can it be improved?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fonseca, Ana Glória; Simões Dias, Sara; Baptista, João Luís; Torgal, Jorge

    2016-06-01

    Although eradicated in Portugal, malaria keeps taking its toll on travellers and migrants from endemic countries. Completeness of hospital requiring malaria notification in Portugal 2000-11 was estimated, using two-source capture-recapture method. Data sources were: national surveillance database of notifiable diseases and the national database of the Diagnosis-Related Groups resulting from National Health Service (NHS) hospital episodes. The completeness of notification was 21,2% for all malaria cases and 26,5% for malaria deaths, indicating significant underreporting and urging for complementary data source in surveillance, for disease burden estimates and retrospective monitoring, namely hospital episodes statistics. PMID:27069002

  18. A hybrid PSO-ANFIS approach for short-term wind power prediction in Portugal

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pousinho, H.M.I. [Department of Electromechanical Engineering, University of Beira Interior, R. Fonte do Lameiro, 6201-001 Covilha (Portugal); Mendes, V.M.F. [Department of Electrical Engineering and Automation, Instituto Superior de Engenharia de Lisboa, R. Conselheiro Emidio Navarro, 1950-062 Lisbon (Portugal); Catalao, J.P.S. [Department of Electromechanical Engineering, University of Beira Interior, R. Fonte do Lameiro, 6201-001 Covilha (Portugal); Center for Innovation in Electrical and Energy Engineering, Instituto Superior Tecnico, Technical University of Lisbon, Av. Rovisco Pais, 1049-001 Lisbon (Portugal)

    2011-01-15

    The increased integration of wind power into the electric grid, as nowadays occurs in Portugal, poses new challenges due to its intermittency and volatility. Wind power prediction plays a key role in tackling these challenges. The contribution of this paper is to propose a new hybrid approach, combining particle swarm optimization and adaptive-network-based fuzzy inference system, for short-term wind power prediction in Portugal. Significant improvements regarding forecasting accuracy are attainable using the proposed approach, in comparison with the results obtained with five other approaches. (author)

  19. Contributo da directiva-quadro da água 2000/60/CE para a melhoria do controlo de qualidade da água de consumo humano

    OpenAIRE

    Pimentel, Cristina Maria Costa

    2011-01-01

    Dissertação de mestrado, Tecnologia dos Alimentos, Instituto Superior de Engenharia, Universidade do Algarve, 2011 Neste trabalho pretendeu-se verificar a contribuição da Directiva-Quadro da Água 2000/60/CE para a melhoria do controlo analítico da água para consumo humano em Portugal. O Laboratório de Engenharia Sanitária da Universidade do Algarve foi analisado em particular, i.e. como um caso de estudo de um laboratório de ensaios de águas acreditado. Para atingir o objectivo geral pr...

  20. Exports-R&D investment complementarity and economic performance of firms located in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre Neves

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available H ay un gran número de estudios sobre la relación entre la I+D y las exportaciones. Sin embargo, los resultados no siempre son bien definidos. Este estudio evalúa si en el caso de un país pequeño, abierto y periférico ―en el que las exportaciones son el motor del crecimiento económico a pesar de un retraso notable en términos de I+D― la I+D que realizan las empresas impacta en o está influenciada por sus exportaciones, así como si la interrelación entre la I+D y las exportaciones impacta el desempeño de las empresas. Mediante un conjunto de datos único que comprende todas las empresas no financieras con sede en Portugal (más de 340 miles, para el periodo 2006-2012, las estimaciones basadas en modelos probit bivariados, que proporcionan la estimación simultánea de las dos decisiones (I+D y exportaciones, tomando en cuenta la correlación entre los errores de estimación de ambas ecuaciones, confirman que hay complementariedad entre la I+D y las exportaciones, lo que significa que la participación en las actividades de I+D aumentará la probabilidad de la empresa de participar en las actividades de ex - portación. Además, la participación en actividades de exportación también aumentará la probabilidad de participar en la I+D. Los resultados también proporcionan apoyo a la hipótesis de que las empresas más productivas autoseleccionan las actividades exporta - doras y a la hipótesis de aprendizaje mediante la exportación. Finalmente, basados en un modelo de panel hemos encontrado que la I+D y las exportaciones tienen un efecto positivo sobre el crecimiento de las ventas, que se ve reforzado cuando se producen simultáneamente ambas actividades.

  1. Estudo exploratorio da qualidade do ar em escolas de educacao basica, Coimbra, Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Maria Conceicao Ferreira

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO : Analisar a qualidade do ar em escolas de educação básica e suas condições estruturais e funcionais. MÉTODOS : Foi avaliada a qualidade do ar de 51 escolas (81 salas de aula de educação básica da cidade de Coimbra, Portugal, tanto na parte interior das salas como na exterior, durante as quatro estações do ano, de 2010 a 2011. Foram avaliadas a temperatura (Tº, umidade relativa (Hr, concentrações de monóxido de carbono (CO, dióxido de carbono (CO 2 , ozona (O 3 , dióxido de nitrogênio (NO 2 , dióxido de enxofre (SO 2 , compostos orgânicos voláteis (COV, formaldeído e material particulado (PM 10 , de novembro de 2010 a fevereiro de 2011 (outono/inverno e de março de 2011 a junho de 2011 (primavera/verão. Procedeu-se ao preenchimento de uma grelha de caracterização das condições estruturais e funcionais das escolas. Aplicaram-se os testes estatísticos t- Student para amostras emparelhadas e o teste t de Wilcoxon. RESULTADOS : Em 47 escolas, as concentrações médias de CO 2 encontravam-se acima da concentração máxima de referência (984 ppm mencionada na legislação portuguesa. Os valores máximos de concentração encontrados no interior das salas foram críticos, principalmente no outono/inverno (5.320 ppm. As concentrações médias de COV e de PM 10 no interior ultrapassaram a concentração máxima de referência legislada em algumas escolas. Não foram detetados valores relevantes (risco de CO, formaldeído, NO 2 , SO 2 e O 3 . CONCLUSÕES : Houve maior concentração de poluentes no interior das salas, comparativamente com o exterior. A inadequada ventilação está associada à elevada concentração de CO 2 nas salas de aula.

  2. A música de cena de Jorge Peixinho. Contributos iniciais para um estudo da sua obra para teatro, performance e mixed-media

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Pessanha de Meneses

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Jorge Peixinho é um dos compositores mais relevantes da segunda metade do século XX português. A sua obra estende-se a diversos géneros, focando-se sobretudo na música de câmara de vanguarda. Entre 1964 e 1993, colaborou com diversos encenadores compondo música de cena para teatro e performance, colaborando em happenings e em algumas das experiências de mixed-media mais vanguardistas que, no seu tempo, se realizaram em Portugal. O presente artigo pretende, por um lado, fazer uma contextualização global da obra para teatro e performance de Peixinho; por outro lado, procura compilar uma lista de todos os espectáculos para os quais o compositor criou música de cena.

  3. Intervenções Comportamentais de Prevenção da Obesidade Infantil: Estado da Arte em Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jessica Filipe

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available ObjetivoA prevenção do excesso de peso e obesidade infantis em Portugal é prioritária e tem sido alvo de vários programas de intervenção. Este estudo teve como objetivo principal desenvolver um registo nacional, caracterizando as intervenções implementadas.MétodoIncluíram-se programas de promoção de estilos de vida saudáveis implementados em Portugal, identificados através do “Google” e de websites Institucionais, que visavam contribuir direta ou indiretamente para a prevenção e controlo da obesidade infantil. A seleção foi realizada pela leitura dos títulos e informação disponibilizada nos websites, e foram depois extraídas informações sobre cada projeto.ResultadosForam incluídos na análise 29 programas de promoção de alimentação saudável (n = 19, atividade física (n = 2 ou ambos (n = 8, realizados entre 2001 e 2015. À exceção de um programa, as atividades realizadas são descritas, mas o racional teórico e as técnicas de mudança comportamental utilizadas não são explicitadas. Apenas 16 programas foram avaliados, disponibilizando online os resultados obtidos.ConclusãoA maioria dos programas não fornece dados relativamente à sua fundamentação teórica e empírica, nem informação detalhada sobre as atividades realizadas e avaliação. Futuros programas devem fornecer maior detalhe sobre o racional teórico e as técnicas de modificação comportamental utilizadas, e a avaliação da eficácia na mudança do comportamento-alvo.

  4. Influência e contrainfluência na inversão do poder tipográfico entre Portugal e o Brasil: narrativa e atividade nos editores portugueses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nuno Miguel Ribeiro de Medeiros

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Tempo fértil em alterações que transformaram a face do universo editorial em Portugal e no Brasil, os anos que decorrem entre a última metade da década de 1930 e o fim da década de 1960 constituem o período em que se assiste a uma inversão nos processos de influência tipográfica entre os dois países, com Portugal a passar de exportador para importador de livros no seu comércio com o Brasil. Este artigo pretende analisar o ponto de vista da edição portuguesa nos modos variados como os seus agentes foram representando o Brasil enquanto centro produtor e disseminador do livro, e como as mudanças suscitadas foram ocorrendo num contexto de oscilação - e tensão - entre discursos amarrados a uma época de ouro (ou imaginada como tal que ficava relutantemente para trás e práticas de colaboração efectiva entre os universos tipográficos português e brasileiro, essencialmente suportadas na actuação de editores individuais.

  5. Uma Estranha Diáspora Rumo a Portugal: Judeus e Cristãos-Novos Reduzidos à Fé Católica no século XVII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Braga, Isabel M. R. Mendes Drumond

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available The present paper deals with a number of Jewish and new Christian people, descendants of Peninsular Jews, who arrived in Portugal in the 16th century and consequently converted to Catholicism. The source material used in this study are the Books of Converted Jews that belonged to the Holy Office of Inquisition. These books provide information on the nature of the people (age, status, birthplace, place of residence, the way they experienced their religion in different parts of Europe, and the true or apparently true reasons for their conversion.

    Este artículo aborda el tema de algunos judíos y cristianos nuevos descendientes de judíos peninsulares que, en el siglo XVII, llegaron a Portugal y se convirtieron al catolicismo. Las fuentes para este estudio son los libros de convertidos del Santo Oficio de la Inquisición. Éstos nos proporcionan datos acerca de las personas (edad, estado civil, lugar de nacimiento y de residencia y, especialmente, sobre la vivencia del judaísmo en diferentes partes de Europa, así como sobre las motivaciones, reales o aparentes, para la conversión.

  6. Plano de comunicação integrada de marketing para a empresa Lush Fresh Handmade Cosmetics

    OpenAIRE

    Garcia, Catarina Santos Silva

    2013-01-01

    Mestrado em Marketing A comunicação integrada de marketing (CIM) "ajuda as empresas a encontrarem novas formas de contacto com os consumidores com uma mensagem coerente e a construírem relações de longo prazo com os mesmos" (Clow e Baack, 2012, p. 35). Este projeto visa a elaboração de um plano de CIM para a multinacional LUSH fresh handmade cosmetics, tendo como objetivos principais aumentar a sua notoriedade e visibilidade em Portugal. As áreas de atuação utilizadas para concretizar esse...

  7. O médico na indústria farmacêutica: contributo para o enquadramento da atividade

    OpenAIRE

    Ribeiro, Eduardo Manuel Fernandes da Silva

    2015-01-01

    Ao longo desta dissertação de mestrado pretendemos analisar e discutir o papel do Médico na Indústria Farmacêutica, contribuindo para um melhor enquadramento de uma atividade ainda não muito conhecida. A partir da análise da implementação da Indústria Farmacêutica em Portugal, descrevemos o seu contributo para a Sociedade aliado ao valor do medicamento. Descrevemos a Medicina Farmacêutica, o treino da atividade e alguns dos órgãos relevantes nesta área, como a Competência em Medicina Fa...

  8. Formação para a Comunidade - Projeto em curso da Divisão de Bibliotecas

    OpenAIRE

    Santos, Sofia Lourenço

    2012-01-01

    Vivemos atualmente, em Portugal, uma crise económica e social sem ímpar. É neste panorama de instabilidade que muitas vezes os serviços públicos encontram soluções e opções criativas para dar respostas às necessidades das comunidades em que se inserem.É também nestas alturas de crise que o papel social das Bibliotecas deve ser realçado, fornecendo ferramentas para que a população que servem, encontre formas de superar as suas dificuldades.Foi nesta perspectiva que a Divisão de Bibliotecas aco...

  9. Oferta televisiva para o público infantil: o possível longe do desejável

    OpenAIRE

    Pereira, Sara

    2008-01-01

    "Colecção: Comunicação e sociedade - 12" [Excerto] A oferta televisiva para as crianças constitui uma vertente fundamental do estudo da relação crianças-televisão. O ano 2000 encerra uma década bastante significativa neste domínio uma vez que se assistiu, ao longo dos anos 90, um pouco por todo o mundo, a um interesse crescente por estudar, analisar e discutir a programação produzida e difundida especificamente para o público infantil. Portugal continua, contudo, relativamente arredado da ...

  10. O ensino estruturado como resposta educativa para alunos com perturbações do espectro do autismo

    OpenAIRE

    Figueiredo, Elsa Cristina Ferreira Rodrigues de

    2009-01-01

    Mestrado em Antropologia da Educação O Ensino Estruturado, uma das estratégias retiradas do modelo TEACCH, tem vindo a ser utilizado em Portugal, como resposta educativa para os alunos com autismo, integrados nas escolas do ensino regular. As Unidades de Ensino Estruturado para a educação de Alunos com Perturbações do Espectro do Autismo são um recurso pedagógico disponibilizado pelo Ministério da Educação que, tendo por referência os ambientes educativos estruturados, procu...

  11. Occurrence of springs in massifs of crystalline rocks, northern Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pacheco, Fernando António Leal; Alencoão, Ana Maria Pires

    2002-02-01

    An inventory of artesian springs emerging from fractures (fracture springs) was conducted in the Pinhão River Basin and Morais Massif, northern Portugal, comprising an area of approximately 650 km2. Over 1,500 springs were identified and associated with geological domains and fracture sets. Using cross-tabulation analysis, spring distributions by fracture sets were compared among geological environments, and the deviations related to differences in rock structure and, presumably, to differences in deformational histories. The relation between spring frequencies and rock structures was further investigated by spectral determination, the model introduced in this study. Input data are the spring frequencies and fracture lengths in each geological domain, in addition to the angles between fracture strikes and present-day stress-field orientation (θ). The model's output includes the so-called intrinsic densities, a parameter indexing spring occurrence to factors such as fracture type and associated deformational regime and age. The highest densities (12.2 springs/km of lineament) were associated with young shear fractures produced by brittle deformation, and the lowest (0.1) with old tensional and ductile fractures. Spectral determination also relates each orientation class to a dominant structural parameter: where spring occurrence is controlled by θ, the class is parallel to the present-day stress-field orientation; where the control is attributed to the length of fractures, the spring occurrence follows the strike of large-scale normal faults crossing the region. Résumé. Un inventaire des sources artésiennes émergeant de fractures (sources de fractures) a été réalisé dans le bassin de la rivière Pinhão et dans le massif de Morais, dans le nord du Portugal, dans une région couvrant environ 650 km2. Plus de 1,500 sources ont été identifiées et associées à des domaines géologiques et à des ensembles de fractures. Grâce à une analyse de tableaux

  12. Gravity and magnetic modeling of granitic bodies in Central Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Machadinho, Ana; Figueiredo, Fernando; Pereira, Alcides

    2015-04-01

    A better understanding of the subsurface geometry of the granitic bodies in Central Portugal is the main goal of this work. The results are also relevant for the assessment of the geothermal potential of the same region. The study area is located in the Central Iberian Zone where the Beiras granite batholith outcrops. These variscan granitoids were emplaced into the "Complexo Xisto-Grauváquico" (CXG), a thick and monotonous megasequences of metapelites and metagreywackes. This metasedimentary sequence is affected by the Variscan deformation phases and a late Proterozoic to Cambrian age has been generally assumed for this rocks. The granitoids in the region are attributed to the magmatic activity associated to the post-collisional stages of the Variscan orogeny during the D3 stage. The granitic bodies in the study area are considered syn-D3 and late to post-D3. To achieve the goal of the research, magnetic and gravimetric surveys where performed in order to obtain the Bouguer and magnetic anomalies. All the standard corrections were applied to the gravimetric and magnetic data. Considering and integrating all the available geological data and physical proprieties (density and magnetic susceptibility) the mentioned potential fields were simultaneously modeled. In this way it was possible to characterize the subsurface geometry of the granitic bodies in the studied region. The modeling results show that the regional tectonic setting controls the geometry of the granitic bodies as well as the structure of the host CXG metasedimentary sequence. Through the modeling of the potential field the overall geometry, average and maximum depths of the granitic bodies in the study area was obtained. Some late to post-D3 plutons outcrop in spatial continuity and as they have similar ages, a common feeding zone is assumed as the most likely scenario. The sin-D3 pluton is more abrupt and vertical, suggesting the presence of a fault contact with the late-D3 pluton. According to the

  13. Ground Penetrating Radar technique for railway track characterization in Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Chiara, Francesca; Fontul, Simona; Fortunato, Eduardo; D'Andrea, Antonio

    2013-04-01

    Maintenance actions are significant for transport infrastructures but, today, costs have to be necessary limited. A proper quality control since the construction phase is a key factor for a long life cycle and for a good economy policy. For this reason, suitable techniques have to be chosen and non-destructive tests represent an efficient solution, as they allow to evaluate infrastructure characteristics in a continuous or quasi-continuous way, saving time and costs, enabling to make changes if tests results do not comply with the project requirements. Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) is a quick and effective technique to evaluate infrastructure condition in a continuous manner, replacing or reducing the use of traditional drilling method. GPR application to railways infrastructures, during construction and monitoring phase, is relatively recent. It is based on the measuring of layers thicknesses and detection of structural changes. It also enables the assessment of materials properties that constitute the infrastructure and the evaluation of the different types of defects such as ballast pockets, fouled ballast, poor drainage, subgrade settlement and transitions problems. These deteriorations are generally the causes of vertical deviations in track geometry and they cannot be detected by the common monitoring procedures, namely the measurements of track geometry. Moreover, the development of new GPR systems with higher antenna frequencies, better data acquisition systems, more user friendly software and new algorithms for calculation of materials properties can lead to a regular use of GPR. Therefore, it represents a reliable technique to assess track geometry problems and consequently to improve maintenance planning. In Portugal, rail inspection is performed with Plasser & Theurer EM120 equipment and recently 400 MHz IDS antennas were installed on it. GPR tests were performed on the Portuguese rail network and, as case study in this paper, a renewed track was

  14. Physically-Based Shallow Landslide Susceptibility Mapping, NW of Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teixeira, Manuel; Bateira, Carlos; Soares, Laura

    2013-04-01

    Two physically-based models - Shallow Landslide Stability Analysis (SHALSTAB) and Safety Factor (SF) - are applied in Serra da Peneda (northwest of Portugal) to evaluate shallow landslide susceptibility in Tibo drainage basin. This small basin is located in an area of granitic and metasedimentary substrate, covered by different types of surficial formations (weathering mantles and slope deposits). The application of the selected models requires the determination of a set of mechanical and hydrological parameters, and the use of high resolution topographic information to create an accurate DTM. To fulfill this goal we have applied the Shallow Landslide Stability Analysis (SHALSTAB) and the SF (Safety Factor) models. The shallow landslide area was inventoried on the field. The cohesion was assessed by back analysis and the other mechanical and hydrological soil parameters were assessed on the field survey. Several susceptibility scenarios were tested with SHALSTAB model. The best SHALSTAB scenario used to assess the susceptibility is achieved using the following parameters: cohesion (c) = 2000 N/m2, soil thickness (z) = 1,2 m, internal friction (?)=32o and soil weight (?s)=14,7 KN/m3. Shallow landslide susceptibility mapping using the SF model, was based on the cartography of the factors registered on the field survey and used the following parameters: cohesion (c) = 2000 - 6000 N/m2, soil thickness (z) =1,2 m, internal friction (?)=30 - 40o; soil volumic weight (?m) = 13,7 - 15,7 KN/m3 and Hydraulic conductivity = 0 - 3,9-03 kfs. SHALSTAB scenarios were validated by overlaying the shallow landslide area (scar concentration) and selected the better susceptibility modeling. The parameters used on the SF model applied spatially variable values registered in the field survey (using the superficial formation cartography). To validate the SF model we used the AUC (Area Under the Curve) method. The two models were compared by the scar concentration and landslide potential

  15. School Effectiveness Research Findings in the Portuguese Speaking Countries: Brazil and Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferrão, Maria Eugénia

    2014-01-01

    This paper provides findings of research on school effectiveness and discusses implications for evaluation in Brazil and Portugal. Most findings reported over the last decade have been published in Brazilian or Portuguese refereed journals. Thus, a brief literature review of such studies enables that knowledge to reach international scholars and…

  16. Re-investigating the electricity consumption and economic growth nexus in Portugal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the previous decades, a number of studies have been conducted to analyse the causal relationship between electricity consumption and economic growth in the Portuguese economy. However, the evidence remains controversial because the previous studies do not provide clear causality evidence. This might be attributed to the omitted variables bias because most previous studies only focus on the relationship between electricity consumption and economic growth in a bi-variate model. This paper attempts to re-investigate the relationship between electricity consumption and economic growth in Portugal using a multivariate model. Based on the bounds testing approach to cointegration and the Granger causality test within the vector error-correction model (VECM), our empirical results confirm the presence of cointegration among the variables. Moreover, there is evidence of bi-directional causality between electricity consumption and economic growth in the short- and long-run. This suggests that energy is an important source of economic growth in Portugal. Therefore, energy conservation policies should not be implemented because it would deteriorate the process of economic growth and development of the Portuguese economy. - Highlights: • Electricity consumption and economic growth series in Portugal are cointegrated. • There is evidence of feedback effects between the two variables. • Energy is an important source of economic growth in Portugal

  17. European Social Fund in Portugal: A Complex Question for Human Resource Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tome, Eduardo

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: This article aims to review the application of the funds awarded by the European Social Fund (ESF) to Portugal, since 1986, from a human resource development (HRD) perspective. Design/methodology/approach: Several variables are analyzed: investment, absorption, people, impact of investment, evolution of skills, main programs, supply and…

  18. Järgmine Iirimaa on Portugal / Soe-Surén, Katri

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soe-Surén, Katri

    2010-01-01

    Ekspertide hinnangul on Portugal järgmine riik, mis vajab finantsabi. Portugali jooksevkonto defitsiit on sel aastal üle 10% SKT-st, Iirimaal 0,3%. Portugali majandustoodang langeb 2011. a., Iirimaal aga peaks majandus kasvama 1,5%

  19. Mathematics Diagnostic Testing in Engineering: An International Comparison between Ireland and Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carr, M.; Fidalgo, C.; Bigotte de Almeida, M. E.; Branco, J. R.; Santos, V.; Murphy, E.; Ní Fhloinn, E.

    2015-01-01

    Concern has been expressed throughout Europe about the significant deficiencies in the basic mathematical skills of many engineering undergraduates. Mathematics diagnostic tests in the UK, Ireland and Portugal have shown these shortcomings, which provide a challenge to those striving to introduce more innovative educational practices into…

  20. Serological Evidence for Schmallenberg Virus Infection in Sheep of Portugal 2014

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Esteves, Fernando; Mesquita, João R.; Vala, Helena; Abreu-Silva, Joana; Poel, Van Der W.H.M.; Nascimento, Maria S.J.

    2016-01-01

    Between November and December of 2014, a serosurvey was set up to evaluate the presence of Schmallenberg virus (SBV) antibodies in sheep of Portugal. Sera (n = 1068) were tested using an indirect enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ID Screen® Schmallenberg virus indirect, IDvet Innovative Diagnost