WorldWideScience

Sample records for addqol para portugal

  1. Plano de social media marketing para a TAP Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Lopes, Andreia Cristina Figueiredo

    2014-01-01

    Mestrado em Marketing O social media marketing adquire cada vez maior relevo para as empresas e exige, tal como noutras áreas de marketing, a delineação de um plano estratégico por forma a potenciar o seu sucesso. Tomando como objecto de estudo a companhia aérea TAP Portugal, foi elaborado um Plano de Social Media Marketing, com base no modelo conceptual de Barker et al. (2013), designado de "Social Media Planning Cycle". Para a elaboração do Plano, foram recolhidos dados primários, seguin...

  2. Orientações curriculares para a Matemática em Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Canavarro, Ana Paula

    2007-01-01

    O artigo identifica as principais orientações curriculares dos actuais programas de matemática do ensino não superior em Portugal, confrontando-as no que diz respeito a finalidades e objectivos, conceitos chave e conteúdos, colocando questões para a sua duiscussão

  3. Portugal: destino para turismo holístico

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    O Turismo Holístico ganhou força no mundo com turistas que procuram programas e experiências que tragam equilíbrio às suas vidas. Praticar turismo holístico significa que qualquer turista pode usufruir e aproveitar uma experiência diferente, mais do que um simples contacto com as culturas, pessoas, lugares ou paisagens. Centra-se na autotransformação dos seres humanos, procurando entender mais sobre si mesmos. Em termos de Portugal Continental e ilhas, as regiões como o Gerês, ...

  4. Portugal; Portugal

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    This short report summarizes the main lines of the energy policy of Portugal. It presents the main energy companies and utilities (EDP, CPPE, REN, Petrogal, GDP, Galp SGPS) of the country, the energy supplies (resources, electricity, petroleum, coal, natural gas), the prices and pricing policy, the global energy consumption per sector, the stakes and perspectives of the energy market (forecasts, contracts). (J.S.)

  5. REDES COMUNITARIAS DE BANDA ANCHA: UNA CONTRIBUCIÓN PARA EL DESARROLLO REGIONAL EN PORTUGAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flávio Paulo Jorge Nunes

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available El acceso a Internet por banda ancha constituye una potencialidad cada vez más relevante en el dominio del desarrollo regional, con todo la privatización y la liberalización del sector de las telecomunicaciones y la mera aplicación de las reglas del mercado no han conseguido asegurar una repartición geográfica equitativa del acceso a la banda ancha. Ante la constatación de esta tendencia se ha requerido financiación pública para la creación de las infraestructuras necesarias para generalizar el acceso a esta red, sobre todo en las áreas rurales menos pobladas. Este estudio tiene como objetivo evaluar la respuesta dada en Portugal para complementar la acción de las operadoras privadas de telecomunicaciones, con la creación de redes comunitarias de banda ancha. Actualmente está en curso la implementación de cuatro proyectos de redes comunitarias en Portugal, que pretenden viabilizar el acceso a aplicaciones telemáticas más innovadoras, las cuales constituyen hoy en día una condición necesaria para el éxito de muchos de los proyectos más innovadores de desarrollo regional y local.

  6. REDES COMUNITARIAS DE BANDA ANCHA: UNA CONTRIBUCIÓN PARA EL DESARROLLO REGIONAL EN PORTUGAL COMMUNITY NETWORKS: A CONTRIBUTE FOR REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN PORTUGAL Redes comunitárias de banda larga: um contributo para o desenvolvimento regional em Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flávio Paulo Jorge Nunes

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available El acceso a Internet por banda ancha constituye una potencialidad cada vez más relevante en el dominio del desarrollo regional, con todo la privatización y la liberalización del sector de las telecomunicaciones y la mera aplicación de las reglas del mercado no han conseguido asegurar una repartición geográfica equitativa del acceso a la banda ancha. Ante la constatación de esta tendencia se ha requerido financiación pública para la creación de las infraestructuras necesarias para generalizar el acceso a esta red, sobre todo en las áreas rurales menos pobladas. Este estudio tiene como objetivo evaluar la respuesta dada en Portugal para complementar la acción de las operadoras privadas de telecomunicaciones, con la creación de redes comunitarias de banda ancha. Actualmente está en curso la implementación de cuatro proyectos de redes comunitarias en Portugal, que pretenden viabilizar el acceso a aplicaciones telemáticas más innovadoras, las cuales constituyen hoy en día una condición necesaria para el éxito de muchos de los proyectos más innovadores de desarrollo regional y local.Broadband Internet access offers several potential benefits as a regional and local development tool, however it is nowadays commonly accepted that privatisation and pro-competitive policies are not enough to ensure a reasonable geographical equality as regards broadband access. Therefore public policies are more and more required in order to achieve a greater infrastructural equity and a widespread use of advanced telecommunications services in less-populated markets (rural areas. In several countries Governments are investing public funds in community-based broadband solutions, as an alternative method for the provision of local broadband services. This study will evaluate how the Portuguese government is trying to complement the action of Internet Service Providers (private operators with public policies for under-served areas (“notspots”, in

  7. Para um Programa de Estudo do Neolítico em Portugal

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    Victor dos Santos GONÇALVES

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: El autor presenta, en líneas generales, los principales problemas de análisis del Neolítico en Portugal. Problemas que sólo en algunos casos son exclusivos del territorio portugués, ya que la mayor parte de ellos están ligados a la compleja evolución global del Neolítico en el Mediterráneo occidental. A continuación va a referirse a las propias dificultades intrínsecas para la definición de un concepto de Neolítico, e indica la escasez de información que todavía hoy existe a propósito del Neolítico portugués. Cita como ejemplo de las distorsiones provocadas por esta situación el caso de la cerámica cardial, escasa en el Neolítico antiguo portugués, donde abunda la cerámica incisa e impresa no cardial. En lo que se refiere al Neolítico antiguo, señala las principales estaciones encontradas hasta hoy en Portugal y alude más ampliamente a propósito de una, inédita el abrigo «das Bocas» (Rio Maior. A continuación, analiza las perspectivas con que se tendrá que abordar el fenómeno megalítico, planteando diversos problemas y enumerando las posibles acepciones para la palabra. Igualmente se refiere a la relación entre las inhumaciones en tres grutas localizadas en la región de Alcanena (la «Gruta dos Carrascos», la «Lapa da Galinha» y la «Gruta da Marmota» y una de las fases del megalitismo coincidente con el Neolítico medio. Sin embargo, como subraya el autor, únicamente un trabajo pluridisciplinar y de equipo podrá contribuir para obtener soluciones positivas a este problema.ABSTRACT: The Author presents an outline of the mam problems of the analysis of the Neolithic in Portugal. Problems that only in certain cases are exclusively found in Portuguese territory, since most of them are connected with the global evolution of the Neolithic in the Western Mediterranean. He refers the difficulties to found a definition for the concept of Neolithic and he points out the shortage of information that still

  8. Estratégias para aumentar a sensibilidade da farmacovigilância em Portugal Estrategias para aumentar la sensibilidad de la farmacovigilancia en Portugal Strategies to increase the sensitivity of pharmacovigilance in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Inês Ribeiro-Vaz

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar os resultados de intervenção para melhoria da quantidade e relevância das notificações de reacções adversas a medicamentos. MÉTODOS: Foi implementado um estudo controlado aleatorizado, por agrupamentos em farmacêuticos a exercer actividade profissional na região norte de Portugal, em 2007. Após aleatorização, 364 indivíduos foram alocados ao grupo de intervenção (261 na intervenção telefónica e 103 nos workshops; o grupo de controlo foi constituído por 1.103 farmacêuticos. Na intervenção educativa foram abordados a problemática das reacções adversas a medicamentos, o impacto na saúde pública e a notificação espontânea. Quanto à relevância, as reações adversas foram classificadas em graves e inesperadas. A análise estatística foi efectuada com base no princípio intention-to-treat; aplicaram-se modelos lineares generalizados mistos, utilizando o método penalized quasi-likelihood. Os farmacêuticos estudados foram seguidos durante um período de 20 meses. RESULTADOS: A intervenção aumentou três vezes a taxa de notificação espontânea das reações adversas (RR = 3,22; IC 95%: 1,33; 7,80 relativamente ao grupo de controlo. Houve incremento da relevância das notificações com aumento das reações adversas graves em cerca de quatro vezes (RR = 3,87; IC 95%: 1,29;11,61 e inesperadas em cinco vezes (RR = 5,02; IC 95%: 1,33;18,93, relativamente ao grupo de controlo. CONCLUSÕES: As intervenções educativas aumentam significativamente, por até quatro meses, a quantidade e a relevância das notificações espontâneas de reacções adversas a medicamentos por parte dos farmacêuticos da região norte de Portugal.OBJETIVO: Evaluar los resultados de intervención para mejoría de la cantidad y relevancia de las notificaciones de reacciones adversas a medicamentos. MÉTODOS: Fue implementado un estudio controlado aleatorio, por agrupaciones de farmacéuticos que ejercen actividad profesional

  9. A qualidade percebida em programas municipais de actividade física para idosos: validação estatística para Portugal The perceived quality of physical activity programs for elderly: statistical validation for Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isilda Barata Dias

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available O envelhecimento demográfico alastra em todo o mundo particularmente na Europa. O INE de Portugal (2002 confirma essa tendência neste país onde as autarquias locais têm um papel político e cultural fundamental na promoção da qualidade de vida aos seus cidadãos. Este estudo descreve o processo de validação de um instrumento fiável, simples e adequado para avaliar a qualidade percebida que os idosos fazem dos programas de actividade física autárquicos nas principais capitais de distrito em Portugal. Para além de uma sistematização de literatura sobre questionários de avaliação da qualidade de serviços, apresenta-se detalhadamente o procedimento estatístico que permitiu classificar o poder explicativo das diversas dimensões de qualidade estudadas. O tratamento de um inquérito aplicado a uma amostra de 210 idosos (0,5% da população portuguesa permite demonstrar que são considerados fortes os factores relativos às dimensões "Variedade" e "Recursos Humanos" e fracos os relacionados com a dimensão "Aspectos Gerais".Ageing is an increasing phenomenon all over the world, especially in Europe. The Portuguese INE (2002 confirms this trend for Portugal where local authorities play a crucial political and cultural role in promoting the quality of life of their citizens. In this paper we describe the validation process of a reliable and simple instrument fitted to assess the perceived quality of elderly people about the physical activity programs across the district municipalities. Besides a systematic literature review on inquiring services' quality we present the statistical procedure that allowed us to classify the explanation power of several quality dimensions. The results came out from a questionnaire applied to a sample of 210 elderly (0.5% of the Portuguese population and demonstrate that the factors related to the "Variety" and "Human Resources" dimensions are strong and those related to "General Aspects" dimension are

  10. A educação social em Portugal: novos desafios para a identidade profissional

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    A Educação Social surge, em Portugal, devido sobretudo à exigência dos sistemas de proteção social. Enquanto profissão, a Educação Social realiza-se no âmbito das ciências da educação, enquadrada pela Pedagogia Social. A Educação Social desenvolve-se pela diversidade de categorias profissionais e de perfis de competências e áreas disciplinares. O reconhecimento da identidade profissional dos educadores sociais portugueses depende, ainda, da polivalência dos contextos de trabalho e populações ...

  11. Prostituição: Que Modelo Jurídico-Político para Portugal?

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    Marta Graça

    Full Text Available RESUMO A prostituição em Portugal conheceu diversos modelos jurídico-políticos, como a regulamentação, o proibicionismo e o abolicionismo, prevalecendo este último na atualidade. No discurso social e científico encontramos sobretudo duas posições: os defensores da prostituição como trabalho e os que a consideram uma violação dos direitos humanos. Este artigo apresenta a evolução histórico-legal dos modelos de intervenção na prostituição em Portugal, de forma a contextualizarmos e compreendermos a influência dos discursos. Em seguida, expõe as opiniões dos profissionais das instituições, que dirigem respostas a esta população, sobre a atual moldura jurídico-política, com a finalidade de analisar as diferentes perspectivas sobre o trabalho sexual. Baseando-se em pesquisa de natureza qualitativa que contemplou 23 entrevistas, conclui-se que embora não exista uma ideia clara sobre qual modelo adotar, a preocupação com o respeito pelos direitos humanos e o combate ao estigma estão patentes, independentemente do paradigma em questão.

  12. Early Childhood Education and Care Policy in Portugal = A Educacao Pre-Escolar e os Cuidados para a Infancia em Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ministry of Education, Lisbon (Portugal).

    Based on the view that the rapid expansion and development of preschool education requires careful scrutiny of both educational policy and practices, this book presents information on current early childhood education and care policy in Portugal. Section 1 of the book provides a historical framework for the development of early childhood education…

  13. Qual a estratégia para o tiro com arco em Portugal? - caso de estudo

    OpenAIRE

    Paiva, Pedro

    2012-01-01

    Mestrado de Continuidade em Gestão O mundo do desporto é muito complexo, visto envolver muitos interesses para satisfazer os diferentes intervenientes do fenómeno desportivo, desde o simples praticante aos patrocinadores de eventos. Abrange, não só, várias atividades como as de lazer, a “corridinha” de fim-de-semana, mas também pessoas como os cientistas que estudam a biomecânica dos atletas de forma a otimizar o esforço durante uma competição. Num mundo cada vez mais global, como dizia Ch...

  14. Adaptação Transcultural Brasil-Portugal da Escala de Satisfação com o Suporte Social para Estudantes do Ensino Superior

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    João P. Marôco

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Realizou-se adaptação transcultural da Escala de Satisfação com o Suporte Social (ESSS para a língua portuguesa. As qualidades psicométricas foram avaliadas numa amostra de 1.023 estudantes do ensino superior do Brasil e de Portugal. A partir dos resultados obtidos propõe-se uma versão modificada da ESSS com 12 itens que avaliam 4 dimensões. A versão modificada revelou adequada confiabilidade, validade fatorial, validade concorrente, divergente e discriminante com exceção dessa última para Satisfação com as Amizades e a Intimidade. A validade convergente esteve no limite do aceitável. Observou-se invariância dos pesos fatoriais entre Brasil e Portugal, permitindo sua utilização para a avaliação da Satisfação com o Suporte Social em estudantes do ensino superior de ambos os países.

  15. Contributo para a história da avaliação educacional em Portugal: os anos 70

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    Cândido M. Freitas Varela de

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Thirty years ago, educational evaluation was almost unknown in Portugal. Today evaluation is subject to a major debate, and it would probably maintain that feature. This paper aims to point out several less known facts about the beginnings of educational evaluation in Portugal, as the first chapter of a Portuguese history of evaluation. The author assumes himself as an eyewitness and an actor in most of those facts. The paper covers the period between 1960 and 1980, stressing the influence of the international organizations and the turmoil of the Carnation revolution (the 25th April 1974.

  16. Motivaciones de los escolares europeos para la práctica del deporte escolar. Un estudio realizado en España, Italia, Francia y Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fraile, Antonio

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available This study as purpose know the motives of the European students with 12 years of age for taking part in the school sport. They are resident students in the cities of: Valladolid (España, Oporto (Portugal, Roma (Italia, Tarbes-Pau (Francia, belonging to a set of relatively close countries and with a political, economic, sociocultural similar context. For it, there has been applied a questionnaire (based on the scale Likert, semiconstructed interviews and several groups of discussion with approximately 300 students (children-girls of these populations.

    Este estudio tiene como finalidad conocer los motivos de los escolares europeos de 12 años de edad para participar en el deporte escolar. Se tratan de escolares que residen en las ciudades de Valladolid (España, Oporto (Portugal, Roma (Italia y Tarbes-Pau (Francia, pertenecientes a un grupo de países relativamente próximos y con un contexto político, económico y socio-cultural similar. Para ello, se ha aplicado un cuestionario (basado en la escala Likert, entrevistas semi-estructuradas y varios grupos de discusión con aproximadamente 300 escolares (niños-niñas en cada una de esas poblaciones.

  17. O Movimento da Matemática Moderna e Diferentes Propostas Curriculares para o Ensino de Geometria no Brasil e em Portugal

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    José Manoel Matos

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available O artigo tem o intuito de refletir sobre como as reformulações da matemática escolar durante o Movimento da Matemática Moderna (MMM afetam, interferem e modificam as propostas curriculares para o ensino de geometria no Brasil e em Portugal. O currículo de geometria é identificado como um problema (DETIENNE, 2000 que atravessa os dois países, fonte privilegiada para estudos comparativos. Analisamos livros didáticos destinados aos primeiros ciclos do ensino secundário e identificamos quatro casos nos dois países. Dois autores que mantém suas propostas para o ensino da geometria, António Palma Fernandes e Osvaldo Sangiorgi; e os livros de António de Almeida Costa e Alfredo Osório dos Anjos, por um lado, e os do Curso experimental da Bahia, que integram as novas idéias alterando profundamente o currículo geométrico. Em suma, concluímos que a elaboração de currículos apresentados nos livros didáticos não segue de forma linear as recomendações internacionais, mesmo quando elas não são uniformes, como no caso do currículo de geometria durante a Matemática Moderna. As produções deste novo momento curricular hibridizam as influências externas produzindo novas entidades culturais que não são cópias de recomendações curriculares internacionais. Antes procedem de forma diversificada, com maior ou menor sucesso, adaptando-se às contingências de cada sistema educativo. Palavras-chave: Movimento da Matemática Moderna. Ensino de geometria. Brasil. Portugal. The Modern Mathematics Movement and Distinct Curricular Proposals for Teaching Geometry in Brazil and in Portugal Abstract This article reflects about how changes in school mathematics during the Modern Mathematics Movement influence and modify curricular proposals for teaching geometry in Brazil and Portugal. Geometry curriculum is identified as a problem (DETIENNE, 2000 traversing the two countries, and consequently a privileged source for comparative

  18. Para a história do restauro de pintura em Portugal: as antigas intervenções no retrato de José António de Oliveira Machado, da Biblioteca Nacional de Portugal

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    António João Cruz

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Uma pintura sobre tela, de finais do século XVIII, aparentemente em bom estado de conservação, mostrou que afinal já sofreu danos muito significativos, possivelmente devido às más condições de acondicionamento em que esteve. Na primeira metade do século XIX encontrava-se num depósito em Lisboa, para onde foram recolhidas as obras retiradas dos conventos, então extintos em Portugal. A pintura foi depois sujeita a numerosas intervenções de restauro, das quais as mais extensas foram tecnicamente bem executadas, provavelmente em finais do século XIX ou princípios do século XX, ainda que seguindo princípios diferentes dos actuais. Com base no estudo efectuado, recorrendo a diversos métodos de exame e análise, são descritas as intervenções detectadas, especialmente as operações de tratamento dos rasgões e de lacunas, algumas das quais executadas de forma pouco comum, assim como são identificados os materiais usados nessas intervenções.

  19. Algunas reflexiones para una caracterización de los bomberos profesionales del distrito de Coimbra (Portugal: identidad, riesgos y prácticas operacionales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noémia Salgado-Cunha

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available En la nueva era del riesgo emergente el desafío que afrontan las sociedades es saber contornear las incertidumbres. ¿Cómo actúan los estados nacionales considerados semi-periféricos,1 como el portugués, frente a este nuevo orden? Cuando restringimos los riesgos solo a los naturales y tecnológicos, necesariamente, en Portugal, debemos hablar de responsabilidad pública. En lo que concierne a su Estado, es su misión, a través de las figuras jurídicamente creadas para el efecto (las instituciones en el ámbito de la protección civil asegurar la protección y socorro de las personas y bienes. Verificamos en los últimos años una sucesión de documentos legales que reglamentan el sistema de protección civil, lo que nos coloca sobre el cuadro investigativo de intentar conocer cómo es que en una sociedad semiperiférica, uno de sus “sujetos” garantes de la protección y socorro, los bomberos profesionales del distrito de Coimbra (Portugal, se posiciona operacionalmente en presencia de las disposiciones legales, teniendo en cuenta los contornos híbridos de la sociedad del riesgo. ¿Quiénes son?, ¿cuáles sus prácticas operacionales?, ¿cómo se integran con las poblaciones? Estas son algunas de las cuestiones a responder en la investigación en curso para una disertación de maestría en la Universidad de Coimbra.

  20. Propuesta de estrategias y medidas en España y Portugal para la prevención y tratamiento no invasivo de la caries en la clínica dental

    OpenAIRE

    Bravo-Pérez, Manuel; Frias-Bulhosa, José .; Casals-Peidró, Elías; Duarte, Fátima; Rueda-García, Jesús; Liquete-Otero, Mercedes; Castaño-Seiquer, Antonio; Scapini, Casiano

    2014-01-01

    Introducción: En 2010 se creó la "Alianza por un Futuro Libre de Caries (Alliance for a Cavity-Free Future -ACFF-) con objetivos para el tratamiento no invasivo y prevención de la caries dental a nivel mundial. Para España y Portugal se creó en 2013 el I Consejo Asesor Ibérico de Caries (I Iberian Caries Advisory Board -ICAB-), que decidió desarrollar una Técnica de Grupo Nominal (TGN) con el objetivo de identificar/establecer las medidas/estrategias prioritarias para conseguir los o...

  1. As parcerias público-privadas para o desenvolvimento de infraestrutura rodoviária: experiência recente em Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joaquim Filipe Ferraz Esteves Araújo

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available As parcerias público-privadas (PPPs tornaram-se, nas últimas décadas, uma moda em todo o mundo. Tendo em mente o pressuposto teórico das PPPs, analisa-se a relação entre a utilização destas e os resultados obtidos no setor da construção e gestão de rodovias em Portugal. Por meio de revisão teórica da literatura e da análise dos dados existentes, propõe-se discutir os aspetos positivos e negativos dessa experiência. Os resultados apontam acordos de construção e gestão das rodovias que, na prática, não resultaram em uma mais-valia para o Estado, porque contrariam as boas práticas na utilização dos recursos públicos.

  2. Há futuro para a concertação social? Os sindicatos e a experiência neocorporativa em Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Sousa, Henrique José Carvalho de

    2009-01-01

    Dissertação apresentada para cumprimento dos requisitos necessários à obtenção do grau de Mestre em Ciência Política Esta dissertação pretende contribuir para uma análise crítica da aplicação contemporânea do neocorporativismo, de que a concertação social tripartida é uma expressão institucionalizada, e da sua viabilidade e condições de adaptação a um contexto político e económico – o português - muito diferente daquele em que antes nasceu e se desenvolveu a partir do pós-gu...

  3. Water resources and sustainable development: planning requirements and shared management between Spain and Portugal; Recursos hidricos y desarrollo sostenible: requisitos para la planificacion y gestion compartida entre Espana y Portugal

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lopez Lopez, A.

    2011-07-01

    The Earth has a constant quantity of water, but suffers hydric stress and forecast of future is not optimistic. Thus, the UN in the Millennium Development Goals for 2015 establishes special reference to the issues of water. This paper highlights the indicators of sustainability for the hydric resources and proposes an ecosistemic model of eco-social efficiency for the sharing planning and management between Spain and Portugal. (Author)

  4. Adaptação transcultural Portugal-Brasil do Inventário de Burnout de Maslach para estudantes

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    Juliana Alvares Duarte Bonini Campos

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Realizar a adaptação transcultural da versão em português do Inventário de Burnout de Maslach para estudantes e investigar sua confiabilidade, validade e invariância transcultural. MÉTODOS: A validação de face envolveu participação de equipe multidisciplinar. Foi realizada validação de conteúdo. A versão em português foi preenchida em 2009, pela internet, por 958 estudantes universitários brasileiros e 556 portugueses da zona urbana. Realizou-se análise fatorial confirmatória utilizando-se como índices de ajustamento o χ²/df, o comparative fit index (CFI, goodness of fit index (GFI e o root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA. Para verificação da estabilidade da solução fatorial conforme a versão original em inglês, realizou-se validação cruzada em 2/3 da amostra total e replicada no 1/3 restante. A validade convergente foi estimada pela variância extraída média e confiabilidade composta. Avaliou-se a validade discriminante e a consistência interna foi estimada pelo coeficiente alfa de Cronbach. A validade concorrente foi estimada por análise correlacional da versão em português e dos escores médios do Inventário de Burnout de Copenhague; a divergente foi comparada à Escala de Depressão de Beck. Foi avaliada a invariância do modelo entre a amostra brasileira e a portuguesa. RESULTADOS: O modelo trifatorial de Exaustão, Descrença e Eficácia apresentou ajustamento adequado (χ²/df = 8,498; CFI = 0,916; GFI = 0,902; RMSEA = 0,086. A estrutura fatorial foi estável (λ: χ²dif = 11,383, p = 0,50; Cov: χ²dif = 6,479, p = 0,372; Resíduos: χ²dif = 21,514, p = 0,121. Observou-se adequada validade convergente (VEM = 0,45;0,64, CC = 0,82;0,88, discriminante (ρ² = 0,06;0,33 e consistência interna (α = 0,83;0,88. A validade concorrente da versão em português com o Inventário de Copenhague foi adequada (r = 0,21;0,74. A avaliação da validade divergente do instrumento foi prejudicada

  5. Viabilidade económica da implementação de um reactor nuclear para a produção de energia eléctrica em Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Pedro, Miguel António de Morais

    2012-01-01

    O presente trabalho tem como objectivo avaliar economicamente e determinar a viabilidade da implementação de um reactor nuclear para produção de energia eléctrica. Faz-se uma abordagem a aspectos da energia nuclear no mundo e em particular a energia nuclear na união europeia, faz-se uma análise sobre a estrutura do sector nuclear em Espanha e o futuro da energia no mundo. É realizada uma análise sobre a energia nuclear em Portugal, são abordados aspectos como o planeamento energético, a local...

  6. “Jesus made in Brazil”: notas sobre a transnacionalização do pentecostalismo brasileiro para Portugal (“Jesus made in Brazil”: notes on the transnationalization of Brazilian Pentecostalism to Portugal - DOI: 10.5752/P.2175-5841.2011v9n22p416

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Gracino Junior

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available O impacto de novas modalidades religiosas sobre “culturas locais” é um tema clássico das Ciências Sociais. Partindo das teses weberianas, muitos cientistas sociais analisam a adesão de crescentes contingentes populacionais ao protestantismo pentecostal no mundo não desenvolvido em sua relação positiva com o estabelecimento da modernidade capitalista. Porém, quando se trata da implantação desses movimentos religiosos em solo europeu, o que antes era uma “boa nova”, um sopro de modernidade para os corações latinos, torna-se algo ameaçador, capaz de corromper os sólidos pilares da modernidade europeia. Pensando nessas abordagens, a implantação do pentecostalismo brasileiro em Portugal torna-se curiosa, uma vez que é compreendida, por um lado, como uma corrupção da tradição católica portuguesa e, por outro, como um surto irracionalista, um entrave à europeização portuguesa. Dito isso, o objetivo desse trabalho é analisar como os atores sociais acionam esses aspectos nas diversas frentes de resistência ao crescimento pentecostal no país.Palavras-chave: Pentecostalismo; Transnacionalização; Brasil; Portugal. AbstractThe impact of new religious modalities on "local cultures" is a classic theme of Social Sciences. Building on the weberian thesis, many social scientists have examined the adhesion of the growing population contingents to Pentecostal Protestantism in the undeveloped world in its positive relationship with the establishment of capitalist modernity. However, when it comes to the deployment of these religious movements in Europe, what was once a "good new", a blow of modernity to the hearts of modern Latin, becomes something threatening, capable of corrupting the solid pillars of European modernity. Thinking about these approaches, the implementation of Brazilian Pentecostalism in Portugal becomes curious, since it is understood, first, as a corruption of the Portuguese Catholic tradition and, secondly

  7. Sobre el Portugal ilustrado

    OpenAIRE

    Santolaya Heredero, Laura

    1992-01-01

    El mismo título invita a preguntarse, a modo de introducción, en qué consistió la Ilustración en Portugal. Me refiero a las prácticas, sin pretender entrar en un debate filosófico. Desde luego, las prácticas políticas y económicas de los Estados del XVIII poco tuvieron que ver con las ideas de los filósofos de la Ilustración. El fenómeno de la Ilustración se aprovechió de una propaganda anecdótica para hacer suponer a los lectores de libros sobre ella que en los diversos ...

  8. ¿Las empresas más productivas se autoseleccionan para exportar? Aplicación de una prueba para el caso de Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Armando Silva

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Utilizando una base de datos longitudinal (1996-2003 a nivel de empresa, este trabajo tiene como objetivo analizar la tesis de que las empresas nacionales más productivas autoseleccionan los mercados de exportación. La autoselección y el aprendizaje mediante la exportación son dos tesis no mutuamente excluyentes que tratan de explicar la alta correlación entre la participación en el comercio internacional de las empresas y su rendimiento superior. En general, encontramos evidencia de autoselección para los mercados de exportación. Sin embargo, existe una hetero- geneidad significativa en función del destino de las ventas, del estatus importador de las empresas antes de la exportación y de las peculiaridades de los sectores a los que éstas pertenecen.

  9. Ensino técnico: uma necessidade ou uma falácia? Notas para a compreensão da filosofia do ensino técnico em Portugal e no Brasil - Technical teaching: a necessity or a fallacy? Notes for the comprehension of the philosophy of technical teaching in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luís Alberto Marques Alves, Portugal.

    2013-08-01

    philosophy, in the investment, in the social credibility and in the economical necessity.Key-words: technical teaching, professionalization, industrial capitalism, neoprofessionalism, Portugal, Brazil, secondary teaching. ENSEÑANZA TÉCNICA: UNA NECESIDAD O UNA FALACIA? NOTAS PARA LA COMPRENSIÓN DE LA FILOSOFÍA DE LA ENSEÑANZA TÉCNICA EN PORTUGAL Y EN BRASILResumenHablar de enseñanza técnica obliga a cruzar vertientes científicas diversas -  historia, sociología, economía - y a contextualizar la información en el ámbito de la Historia de la Educación. La herencia recibida del sistema corporativo, la partición de responsabilidades entre público y privado, las expectativas sociales y económicas, su relación con el desarrollo y la difícil relación entre el nacional y el internacional son algunas de las vertientes que importa analizar cuando buscamos hacer un trayecto breve en la dimensión pero ampliado en el tiempo. Insertar aún una preocupación comparativa entre Portugal y Brasil, aunque puntual, exige una síntesis de las ideas nucleares marginalizando el accesorio. Pretende este artigo, en una cronología que va del siglo 18 a fines del 20, especificar los cambios de filosofía, de embestida, de credibilidad social y de necesidad económica.Palabras-clave: enseñanza técnica, profesionalización, capitalismo industrial, neoprofesionalismo, Portugal, Brasil, enseñanza secundaria.  L'ENSEIGNEMENT TECHNIQUE: UNE NECESSITE OU UNE ERREUR? ASPECTS POUR LA COMPREHENSION DE LA PHILOSOPHIE DE L'ENSEIGNEMENT TECHNIQUE AU PORTUGAL ET AU BRESILRésumeEn parlant de l'enseignement technique on nécessite d’indiquer plusieurs aspects scientifiques - histoire, sociologie, économie - et de contextualiser l'information dans l'histoire de l'éducation. L'héritage du système d'entreprise, la répartition des responsabilités entre les attentes de l’état et des privés, sociaux et économiques, leur relation avec le développement et les relations difficiles

  10. Consumo de Benzodiazepinas em Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Guedes, José Manuel Fraga Santos

    2008-01-01

    Monografia apresentada à Universidade Fernando Pessoa como parte dos requisitos para obtenção do grau de Licenciado em Ciências Farmacêuticas Portugal apresenta dos maiores níveis de utilização de benzodiazepinas ao nível europeu. Este facto veio realçado no relatório da Organização Internacional de Controlo de Estupefacientes e confirmado por indicadores do Instituto Nacional da Farmácia e do Medicamento (INFARMED). É deste modo importante analisar a prática actual no que concern...

  11. Tertiary Education in Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    OECD Publishing (NJ3), 2008

    2008-01-01

    Portugal's tertiary education sector has expanded significantly over the last 20 years, but participation and overall educational attainment levels remain below European standards and enrolment rates have begun to decline. The OECD review recommends that Portugal's national government should focus on strategic direction and leave higher education…

  12. Lessons from Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harry, Vickie; Mechling, Ken

    2010-01-01

    Portugal has long been touted as a popular destination for savvy travelers, but now educators are touting it as something else--a professional development (PD) powerhouse for inquiry-based science! This article describes Portugal's ongoing efforts to reform its country's elementary science education program through a project known as the…

  13. La contribución del Laboratorio de Arquezoología del IPA para el desarrollo de la Arqueozoología en Portugal

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    Marta Moreno Garcia

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo pretende mostrar de manera sintética el trabajo realizado desde finales de 1999 por el Laboratorio de Arqueozoologia del Instituto Portugués de Arqueología en Lisboa (Portugal. La creación y organización de una colección comparativa de esqueletos de vertebrados, el estudio de asociaciones arqueofaunísticas y el lanzamiento de proyectos interdisciplinares a largo plazo constituyen las principales áreas de actuación.

  14. Contribuição para o estudo da utilização da artroscopia em equinos em Portugal : estudo de 50 casos

    OpenAIRE

    Joglar, Filipa Varela de Almeida

    2011-01-01

    Dissertação de Mestrado Integrado em Medicina Veterinária O desenvolvimento da técnica artroscópica permitiu um grande avanço na ortopedia veterinária, tendo revolucionado o diagnóstico das doenças articulares em equinos e o seu tratamento cirúrgico por métodos minimamente invasivos. O acompanhamento da actividade cirúrgica durante, aproximadamente, 3 anos permitiu a recolha de uma quantidade considerável de dados relativos à realização de artroscopias e tenoscopias em Portugal. Ainda q...

  15. A Situação Geoestratégica de Portugal e Implicações para as Forças Armadas

    OpenAIRE

    Pallau, Alberto

    2005-01-01

    As transformações rápidas e profundas ocorridas no panorama estratégico internacional, desde o fim da Guerra Fria, conjugadas com o fenómeno da globalização e o impacto das novas fontes transnacionais de insegurança impuseram novas orientações da política externa e de segurança dos Estados. À semelhança de outros países da Europa e aliados na OTAN, Portugal iniciou um processo de revisão estratégica na Segurança e Defesa, de que resultou a publicação do Conceito Estratégico ...

  16. PARA O ESTUDO DA EVOLUÇÃO DO ENSINO E DA FORMAÇÃO EM ADMINISTRAÇÃO EDUCACIONAL EM PORTUGAL

    OpenAIRE

    1997-01-01

    Estudos sobre a evolução do ensino de disciplinas, na formação de professores em Portugal, são recentes. O controle burocrático centralizado reteve as dimensões do controle político-administrativo. De certo modo, protegeu a esfera educativa das influências modernizantes, do capitalismo industrial e das lógicas mercantis e gerencialistas. Defendeu a educação do domínio político, da intervenção de movimentos sociais, das propagandas de ideais democráticos e da cidadania. A utilização da designa...

  17. As Relações Civis-Militares em Portugal: O Longo Processo para o Controle Civil e a Eficácia Militar

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    Thomas C. Bruneau

    Full Text Available RESUMO O artigo trata das relações entre civis e militares em Portugal usando um quadro analítico baseado em indicadores empíricos relativos a três dimensões: controle democrático por parte de civis, eficácia no desempenho de tarefas e missões, e eficiência. Apesar da crise econômica e da consequente falta de recursos do governo, esta análise se mostra positiva numa perspectiva comparada. Ademais da influência e dos incentivos de organizações internacionais, especificamente da OTAN, da União Europeia e das Nações Unidas, o artigo examina a utilização de políticas de defesa e das Forças Armadas, tanto pelos civis quanto pelos militares, na perseguição de objetivos estratégicos.

  18. O fenômeno das explicações: aspectos da realidade portuguesa e do contexto global Las clases particulares en Portugal: elementos para la caracterización del fenômeno Private tutoring in Portugal: elements for the characterization of the phenomenon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Adelino Costa

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available As explicações (private tutoring, como fenômeno que ocorre geralmente fora da escola, podem ser interpretadas sob múltiplos pontos de vista: como instrumento pedagógico a serviço dos alunos que já experimentaram ou perspectivam vir a experimentar insucesso escolar; como adjuvante das famílias na conquista das melhores posições para disputar o selectivo processo de ingresso no ensino superior; como expressão do mercado educativo, em que as famílias exercem liberdade de escolha; como fenômeno que pode induzir formas de pressão externa sobre a escola, nomeadamente quando pode ser identificado pelos "consumidores" (famílias como sintoma da reduzida qualidade e eficácia das escolas; ou, pelo contrário, como aliado das escolas na obtenção dos melhores resultados nos exames tendo em vista a melhoria do posicionamento respectivo no chamado ranking das escolas. Seja qual for a perspectiva adoptada, parece-nos essencial conhecer os contornos do fenômeno, quer em Portugal, quer noutros contextos nacionais. Na sequência de uma investigação acerca da temática das explicações iniciada em 2001, que conta já com cinco anos sucessivos de recolhas de informação, realizada através de inquérito por questionário dirigido a todos os alunos do 12º ano (último ano do ensino secundário português, o ano escolar que precede o acesso ao ensino superior de quatro escolas secundárias de uma cidade do litoral português a que chamamos Cidade Aquarela, apresentamos neste artigo alguns dos dados relativos ao ano lectivo de 2005/2006.Las clases particulares (private tutoring, como fenômeno que ocurre principalmente fuera de la escuela, se pueden interpretar a través de varios puntos de vista: como instrumento pedagógico para los alumnos que han experimentado o piensan que experimentarán fracaso escolar; como algo que ayuda a las familias en la "conquista" de las mejores posiciones para competir en el proceso selectivo para entrar en una

  19. Sistema de informação para os Indicadores de Monitorização e Previsão da Actividade Turística (IMPACTUR) como experiência para Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Ramos, Célia M. Q.

    2007-01-01

    Tendo por objectivo apresentar o desenvolvimento de um sistema de informação associado a um caso concreto do sector económico - turismo, o presente artigo resulta do desenvolvimento metodológico de uma componente do projecto de investigação científica denominado IMPACTUR - Indicadores de Monitorização e Previsão da Actividade Turística, sendo este beneficiário da parceria estabelecida entre a Direcção-Geral do Turismo de Portugal e a Universidade do Algarve / Centro Internacional de Investiga...

  20. La formación de profesores de educación musical en Portugal. Aportaciones para una reflexión contextualizada.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Graça Mota

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo trata sobre la formación del profesorado de educación musical en Portugal en el contexto de la Declaración de Bolonia. Teniendo como escenario la situación económica, política y financiera, así como las complejidades sociológicas y filosóficas del momento presente, la construcción de currículos de formación de profesorado de educación musical no puede evitar el debate alrededor de un nuevo paradigma de enseñanza-aprendizaje que toma como punto de partida el desarrollo de competencias de tipo general ‑instrumentales, interpersonales y sistémicas–, así como las de naturaleza musical, conducentes a una interacción educativa que resulte significativa dentro del Espacio Europeo de Educación Superior. El desafío de este enfoque de formación del profesorado se aborda aquí de manera crítica, enfatizando el peligro que representa una visión distorsionada y marcada por motivaciones esencialmente  económicas. Además de las políticas gubernamentales en educación y de las restricciones actuales que viven las instituciones, en el artículo se afirmará la necesidad que tiene la educación musical de posicionarse en un mundo de tensiones y conflictos confrontándose con las turbulencias políticas y con la ausencia de igualdad de oportunidades a nivel social, económico y cultural.

  1. Muslim Slaves and Freedmen in Medieval Portugal

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    Soyer, François

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available The study of slavery in medieval Portugal has focused almost exclusively on the status and fate of the sub-Saharan Africans who started to arrive in the kingdom from 1441 onwards. The work of A. C. de C. M Saunders, A Social History of Black Slaves and Freedmen in Portugal 1441-1555 (Cambridge University Press, 1982 has been particularly important in this respect. In stark contrast to this, the fate of the substantial number of Muslim slaves who lived and worked in Portugal during the medieval period has to a large extent been overlooked. Using documentary evidence obtained from the national Portuguese archives, this article proposes to analyse in detail the origins of these slaves, their economic and social role and the laws that were promulgated to control them and their owners. The status of freedmen and manumission practices are also closely studied.

    El estudio de la esclavitud en el Portugal medieval ha sido dominado por estudios sobre los esclavos oriundos del África subsahariana que comenzaron a ser importados en aquel reino desde 1441. La obra de A. C. de C. M. Saunders, A Social History of Black Slaves and Freedmen in Portugal 1441-1555 (Cambridge University Press, 1982 ha sido particularmente importante a este respecto. En contraste con esta situación, se sabe relativamente poco de los esclavos musulmanes en el reino medieval de Portugal. Utilizando nuevas fuentes documentales del archivo nacional portugués, este artículo se propone examinar los orígenes de estos esclavos musulmanes y su posición económica y social en el Portugal del medievo, así como las leyes reales que fueron promulgadas para controlar a los esclavos y a sus dueños. La posición social de los libertos y las prácticas de manumisión serán también estudiadas.

  2. Feminismo(s e psicologia em Portugal

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    Azambuja, Mariana Porto Ruwer de

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Apesar da longa história em comum entre Brasil e Portugal, também existem muitas diferenças e, principalmente, muito desconhecimento. A proposta deste artigo é apresentar uma contextualização do modo como as questões de gênero têm sido tartadas Portugal e, a partir disto, estimular maiores laços de cooperação entre os dois países. Iniciamos com uma retomada da história do país e das reformas instauradas após o fim do regime fascista (1974, especialmente o surgimento da psicologia como campo científico e profissional marcado pelo paradigma positivista e, por muito tempo, alheio às transformações e questionamentos presentes em outros contextos. Da mesma forma, o percurso do movimento feminista e sua inserção no contexto acadêmico da psicologia foi marcado por avanços e entraves, os quais apresentamos a seguir. Por fim, tratamos das políticas públicas para a igualdade de oportunidades para as mulheres em Portugal

  3. Implementação do Plano de Segurança da Água para consumo humano em Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Hilaco, Sofia Isabel da Costa

    2012-01-01

    Dissertação apresentada para cumprimento dos requisitos necessários à obtenção do grau de Mestre em Globalização e Ambiente A crescente preocupação, a nível mundial, com a segurança humana e a protecção da saúde pública, tem determinado o desenvolvimento contínuo de políticas e estratégias, por parte dos governos e das organizações internacionais, relacionadas com o abastecimento de água para consumo humano, que visam melhorar o serviço prestado e a qualidade da água forneci...

  4. El grado de importancia del marketing relacional en el espacio de alojamiento para el turismo de naturaleza : el caso de Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Carvalho, Mário João Paulo de Jesus

    2010-01-01

    Tese de Doutoramento apresentada à Universidad de Extremadura. El objetivo que se persigue en la presente Tesis Doctoral, es llevar a cabo un análisis acerca de la adecuación del Marketing Relacional en los alojamientos de turismo de naturaleza que operan en los mercados actuales, como estrategia competitiva capaz de proporcionar ventajas sostenibles en el tiempo. Se busca identificar un modelo de desarrollo para las unidades de alojamiento turístico en el turismo de natural...

  5. Child Health in Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bandeira, Teresa; Ferreira, Ricardo; Azevedo, Inês

    2016-10-01

    Portugal has experienced rapid decline of neonatal and infant mortality in the last century, similar to that of other western European states. The joint venture of pediatricians and obstetricians with adequate top-down government commissions for maternal and child health for the decision making by health administrators and a well-defined schedule of preventive and managerial measures in the community and in hospitals are the most likely explanations for this success. Another achievement of child health care services is the registry for special diseases. Education of health care workers plays a fundamental role in improving health statistics. Portugal has a reasonable number of doctors, nurses, and health technicians per capita. Quality assurance monitoring systems and implementation of evidence-based clinical guidelines with digital records, including international coding, are essential steps to improve health care systems.

  6. PRACTICING ANTHROPOLOGY IN PORTUGAL

    OpenAIRE

    2006-01-01

    The rise of anthropology in Portugal is examined within the framework of several cycles of development. The chapter discusses how the consolidation of anthropology at university level was the main focus until the 90’s. Applied anthropology, as distinctive from academic anthropology received very little attention. Consequently, there was an absence of an institutionalization of applied anthropology in the country. Nowadays, however, two main trends converge that supports the gro...

  7. Teaching Medicine in Medieval Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moisão, Cristina

    2015-12-01

    This article describes the teaching of Medicine in Portugal in the Middle Ages, concerning the Visigoth, Moslem and Christian periods. With the foundation of Portugal in 1143, Medicine was initially taught by priests, but lately was settled in Lisbon the General Study and the activity of physicians, surgeons and apothecaries was ruled by the king.

  8. Portugal; Fiscal Transparency Evaluation

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2014-01-01

    EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Portugal’s practices meet most of the principles of the revised Fiscal Transparency Code at good or advanced levels. A number of areas still present practices at a basic level, but in most of these cases this reflects reforms that have recently been launched and have not yet been fully implemented so as to affect current practices. Indeed, if measured against the practices observed prior to the recent financial crisis, there has been remarkable progress. The challenge is t...

  9. Novos resultados e elementos para a análise e debate sobre a Literacia da Informação em Portugal Nuevos resultados y elementos para el análisis y el debate sobre la Alfabetización Informacional en Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viviana Fernández Marcial

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo divulga resultados do Projeto de Pesquisa eLit.pt – A Literacia Informacional no Espaço Europeu do Ensino Superior. Ao longo dos dois anos foram divulgados os pressupostos teórico-metológicos e conceituais além dos resultados parciais dos dois inquéritos distribuídos para uma amostra de mais de três mil estudantes. Um dos inquéritos para alunos do último ano do secundário e outro a alunos do segundo ano do ensino universitário e politécnico. Neste artigo, avançamos com mais alguns resultados e divulgamos os modelos dos inquéritos aplicados. Com mais estes elementos esperamos contribuir para a estimulação de um debate urgente e aprofundado acerca do tema “literacia da informação” que não deve, em nosso entendimento, ser confundida com inclusão digital ou com brecha digital.

  10. Reconstruindo memórias: jovens refugiados em Portugal Rebuilding memories: young refugees in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Cristina Santinho

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente ensaio foi apresentado em setembro de 2007, no contexto do Seminário Internacional "Programa de Cooperação em Ciências Sociais para os Países da CPLP", promovido pela LIESP - Laboratório Interdisciplinar de Estudos e Pesquisas Sociais em Saúde Pública, Faculdade de Saúde Pública, Universidade de São Paulo. Resulta de um work in progress conducente a uma tese de doutoramento em antropologia médica. Pretende apresentar a condição dos jovens refugiados e requerentes de asilo em Portugal, em particular na vertente da saúde mental. O trabalho de campo levado a cabo com estes jovens envolveu a escuta de muitas narrativas de sofrimento provocado pela sua experiência de vida nos contextos originais de guerra, com testemunhos de violência e tortura, e também as dificuldades sentidas no longo percurso de viagem de fuga e posterior inserção em Portugal. O isolamento, as barreiras linguísticas, a ausência de redes sociais e familiares de apoio e a dificuldade de encontrar, em Portugal, referentes socioculturais e simbólicos, comprometem o seu desenvolvimento enquanto jovens, levando-nos a equacionar o valor dos referentes identitários na construção do eu e até o próprio conceito de juventude.This essay was first presented in September 2007, within the seminar "Programa de Cooperação em Ciências Sociais para os Países da CPLP", promoted by LIESP - Faculdade de Saúde Pública, Universidade de São Paulo. It is a work in progress, leading to a PhD thesis on medical anthropology. It aims to present refugee's youth and asylum seeker's condition in Portugal, particularly in regard to mental health. The fieldwork conducted with these youth comprised active listening of their suffer narratives, provoked not only by life experiences in their original war contexts, with testimonies of violence and torture, but also the difficulties felt during the long flee journey and subsequent insertion in Portugal. Isolation, pain

  11. tempos de democracia em Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fátima Pereira

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo pretende suscitar una reflexión focalizada en la importancia del conocimiento sobre las transformaciones en las concepciones de infancia para la comprensión de las sociabilidades y de las subjetividades que se forman en la institución escolar. Se presentan algunos de los resultados de un estudio que pretendió conocer y comprender las concepciones sobre la infancia que se expresan en la, o se relacionan con a, formación inicial de profesores del 1º Ciclo de la Enseñanza Básica (CEB, en Portugal, desde Abril de 1974, realizado en el ámbito de un proyecto de doctorado en Ciencias de la Educación, presentado en la Facultad de Psicología y de Ciencias de la Educación de la Universidad del Puerto. La formación inicial de profesores fue perspectivaza en el estudio como la institución moderna más determinante, en términos sociales y históricos, para la divulgación de las concepciones sobre la infancia inscritas en los discursos científicos, pedagógicos y educativos en general. En este texto se abordan de forma sucinta la problemática y la metodología del estudio y se presentan resultados que dicen respeto: a la identificación de narrativas sobre la infancia y sus articulaciones con narrativas sobre la educación escolar y la profesionalidad docente; al mapeamento social de esas narrativas; y a la implicación de la dimensión infancia en la construcción de la profesionalidad docente. Se concluye que el trabajo de mediación entre diferentes formas de saber sobre la infancia y sobre los niños y entre los microactores y los macroactores que son responsables por su educación escolar se hace imprescindible y que la reflexión sobre el impacto de la educación escolar en la vida de los niños y el lugar que la formación inicial de profesores ahí ocupa se evidencia como un imperativo ético.

  12. PSYCHOSOCIAL REHABILITATION IN ASSISTED HOUSING IN BRAZIL AND PORTUGAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio José de Almeida Filho

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de esta investigación es analizar cómo las Casas Terapéuticas para los usuarios con trastornos mentales en los municipios de Miranda do Corvo-Portugal y Volta Redonda-Brasil contribuyen a la rehabilitación psicosocial de las personas con sufrimiento mental. Estudio de perspectiva histórica, cuyas fuentes históricas fueron leyes, resoluciones e informes oficiales y declaraciones de enfermeras, psicólogos y trabajadores sociales. Se encontró que en ambos municipios la intención es la desinstitucionalización de las personas con sufrimiento mental, en Miranda do Corvo-Portugal la gestión financiera y administrativa es responsabilidad de una fundación y, en Volta Redonda-Brasil esta gestión es auspiciada por el ejecutivo municipal, además de observar en Miranda del Corvo-Portugal la adopción de medidas disciplinarias en función de exceso de los usuarios. Se concluye que la crisis económica en Portugal ha interferido con la política de expansión de las Casas Terapéuticas en cuanto al número de usuarios que no permite la intervención más individualizada.

  13. Institutions, property and, and economic growth: Back to the passage from the Ancien Régime to liberalism in Portugal Instituições, propriedade e crescimento económico: de regresso à passagem do Antigo Regime para o liberalismo em Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciano Amaral

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The liberal revolution was the biggest institutional breaking point in Portuguese history. It created the modern state and modern private property. This change was particularly complex in Portugal due to the peculiar nature of the country’s Ancien Régime. The aristocracy was excessively dependent on service to the Crown, thus keeping it as an un-entrepreneurial class, and leading to the underdevelopment of property rights. The nineteenth century was, thus, mostly a period of transition, where the difficulties in destroying the old organization and creating a new one were daunting. But once it was done the Portuguese economy started showing relatively robust signs of growth.A revolução liberal foi a maior rutura institucional da história portuguesa. Criou o Estado moderno e a ­propriedade privada moderna. Esta mudança foi particularmente complexa devido à natureza peculiar do Antigo Regime existente em Portugal. A aristocracia era demasiado dependente da prestação de serviços à Coroa, o que a manteve como uma classe não-empresarial e conduziu ao subdesenvolvimento dos direitos de propriedade. O século XIX foi, assim, sobretudo um período de transição, caracterizado pela dificuldade extrema em destruir a velha organização e criar uma nova. Mas uma vez operada a transição, a economia portuguesa começou a mostrar sinais relativamente robustos de crescimento económico.

  14. O embaixador; o livreiro e o policial circulação de livros proibidos e medo revolucionário em Portugal na virada do século XVIII para o XIX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cláudio Denipoti

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Uma denúncia vinda de Paris em 1792 fez com que o Intendente de Polícia de Lisboa ficasse atento às ações de um dos principais livreiros da cidade. Como a maioria dos livreiros, este era nascido na França, e já tivera rusgas com as autoridades da censura portuguesa por vender livros proibidos. As ações do Intendente de Polícia neste período, além dos problemas cotidianos, lidavam de perto com a supressão das ideias revolucionárias que pudessem chegar até Portugal e seus domínios. Os livreiros, sobre quem geralmente pesavam suspeitas de ser revolucionários, ou "pedreiros-livres", ou liberais, tinham, em sua maioria, se estabelecido em Portugal algumas décadas antes, vindos principalmente da França e da Itália e sofreram pesadas sanções, desde o sequestro das propriedades, a prisão e o exílio. Na confluência das vidas dos personagens aqui estu- dados, podemos compreender um pouco mais sobre as práticas culturais em torno do universo da palavra impressa de fins do século XVIII e início do século XIX.

  15. Sex education in Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frade, A; Vilar, D

    1991-05-01

    The article on sex education in Portugal covers background, the educational system, the clashes of the 1960's over sex education, the Committee for the Study of Sexuality and Education (CSSE), the policies, politics and social movements during the period 1974 - 1984, the discussions in Parliament, the 1988 Reform of the Educational System, the Family Planning Association (FPA) and sex education, and the future role of the FPA. It was not until the institution of the multiparity parliamentary system in 1974 that discussing social and political changes was possible, culminating in 1984 with new legislation on abortion, family planning, and sex education. School reform came in 1987/8 with the Ministry of Education primarily responsible for curricula. The 1960's brought with it the influence of the Catholic Church. Change came in the form of progressivism among Catholics who replaced dogma with dialogue and listening. Sex education was considered as preparation for marriage, but masturbation, contraception, and prostitution were also discussed. In addition, the founder of FPA chaired the CSSE in 1971 and opened up debate on sex issues and drafted a bill to establish co-education in Portuguese schools. The revolution of 1974 brought an end to censorship and brought forth a policy of developing family planning. Changed in the Family Code gave women greater equality. UNFPA supported teacher training in non-sexist education. With human reproduction included in the natural sciences, there was still no school sex education policy and contraception was only sometimes represented in the biology curriculum. The focus of FPA was on contraception and abortion. Finally in the 1980's, the first sex education programs were developed for out-of-school youth. Even though in the 1970's there were leftists groups promoting sex education, it took leftist parliamentary power to get legislation on sex education in the schools adopted. The Ministry of Education however was pressured by the

  16. Fred Kradolfer.1903-1968. Designer gráfico influenciador e influenciado em Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Henriques, Ana Rita Luís

    2011-01-01

    Tese de Mestrado em Design de Comunicação Tendo em vista o conhecimento do Design Gráfico em Portugal, estará em foco, como objecto de estudo, Fred Kradolfer (1903-1968) com as infl uências que trouxe para esta disciplina e para o país. Estudaram-se também os outros intervenientes mais próximos envolvidos neste processo, entre 1924 (data da chegada de Fred Kradolfer a Portugal) e o final dos anos 50. Como objectivos primordiais, pretendeu-se com este estudo aprofundar conhecimentos d...

  17. Portugal's Secondary School Modernisation Programme

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heitor, Teresa V.; Freire da Silva, Jose M. R.

    2009-01-01

    The aim of the Secondary School Modernisation Programme, being implemented in Portugal by "Parque Escolar, EPE", is based on the pursuit of quality and makes Portuguese education a potential international benchmark. This paper discusses the strategies adopted to reorganise school spaces. It describes the conceptual model and highlights the…

  18. Portugal's Secondary School Modernisation Programme

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heitor, Teresa V.; Freire da Silva, Jose M. R.

    2009-01-01

    The aim of the Secondary School Modernisation Programme, being implemented in Portugal by "Parque Escolar, EPE", is based on the pursuit of quality and makes Portuguese education a potential international benchmark. This paper discusses the strategies adopted to reorganise school spaces. It describes the conceptual model and highlights…

  19. UNIDADES GEOMORFOLÓGICAS DE PORTUGAL CONTINENTAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diamantino Insua Pereira

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available São representadas cartograficamente as unidades geomorfológicas identificadas para os 89015 km2 do território de Portugal Continental. A delimitação das unidades teve por base a análise dos padrões da textura fornecida por imagens SRTM, com revisão e adaptação posterior à altimetria e à geologia, para os quais foram usadas bases cartográficas digitais. Foram considerados três níveis taxionómicos que permitem descrever e caracterizar áreas homogéneas do ponto de vista geomorfológico. As três unidades de 1º nível baseiam-se nas unidades morfostruturais clássicas consideradas para a Península Ibérica. As dez unidades de 2º nível constituem, na sua maioria, divisões clássicas do relevo de Portugal Continental, agora agrupadas de acordo com a metodologia adoptada e designadas como unidades morfosculturais. As 56 unidades de 3º nível, ou subunidades morfosculturais, foram individualizadas com base nos padrões de relevo identificados nas imagens SRTM e na observação de campo e adquiriram uma designação baseada essencialmente nas geoformas que as individualizam e na toponímia local. As unidades geomorfológicas identificadas são descritas através de características do relevo, dissecação fluvial, estruturas, tipo de drenagem e base geológica, bem como de parâmetros numéricos gerados de forma automática, como classes de altitude e de declividade. Pretende-se que o mapa elaborado possa contribuir para a gestão territorial, em especial na tomada de decisões em conservação da natureza.

  20. [Career Satisfaction of Medical Residents in Portugal].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martins, Maria João; Laíns, Inês; Brochado, Bruno; Oliveira-Santos, Manuel; Teixeira, Pedro Pinto; Brandão, Mariana; Cerqueira, Rui João; Castro-Ferreira, Ricardo; Bernardes, Carlos; Menezes, Miguel Nobre; Baptista, Bernardo Soares; Ladeiras-Lopes, Ricardo; Rei, Mariana Cruz; Rosa, Gilberto Pires da; Martins, José Luís; Mendonça Sanches, Maria; Ferreira-Pinto, Manuel J; Rato, Margarida; Costa e Silva, Miguel; Policiano, Catarina; Beato, João; Barbosa-Breda, João; Torres, João Pimentel; Leal, Inês; Rosa, Sílvia Aguiar; Ribeiro, Bárbara Carvalho; Costa, Francisco Rego; Palmela, Carolina; Gonçalves, Tiago Cúrdia; Morais, Luis; Marques, Tiago Reis

    2015-01-01

    Introdução: A satisfação com a profissão médica tem sido apontada como um fator essencial para a qualidade assistencial, o bemestar dos doentes e a estabilidade dos sistemas de saúde. Estudos recentes têm vindo a enfatizar um crescente descontentamento dos médicos, principalmente como consequência das alterações das relações laborais.Objetivos: Avaliar a perceção dos médicos de formação específica em Portugal, sobre as expectativas e grau de satisfação com a profissão, especialidade e local de formação; razões da insatisfação e intenção de emigrar.Material e Métodos: Estudo transversal. A colheita de dados foi efetuada entre Maio e Agosto de 2014 através de um Inquérito online sobre a âÄúSatisfação com a EspecialidadeâÄù.Resultados: De uma população total de 5788 médicos, foram obtidas 804 respostas (12,25% do total de médicos internos). Desta amostra, 77% das respostas correspondem a internos dos três primeiros anos de formação. Verificou-se que 90% dos médicos se encontram satisfeitos com a especialidade, tendo-se encontrado também níveis elevados de satisfação com a profissão (85%) e local de formação (86%). Por outro lado, constatou-se que estes diminuíam com a progressão ao longo dos anos de internato. A avaliação global sobre o panorama da prática médica foi negativa e 65% dos médicos responderam que consideram emigrar após conclusão do internato.Conclusão: Os médicos internos em Portugal apresentam níveis positivos de satisfação com a sua profissão. No entanto, a sua opinião sobre o panorama da Medicina e os resultados relativos à intenção de emigrar alertam para a necessidade de tomada de medidas para inverter este cenário.

  1. Potencialidades das Tecnologias de Informação e Comunicação para a Eficácia do Sistema de Gestão da Qualidade e a Imagem Empresarial: Estudo Aplicado nas Pequenas e Médias Empresas da Euro Região Norte de Portugal-Galiza

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Remondes

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available A utilização de Tecnologias de Informação e Comunicação (TIC nas empresas tem provocado amplos debates e produzido literatura nacional e internacional. Este artigo revê algumas obras e centra-se no estudo da utilização de TIC no Sistema de Gestão da Qualidade (SGQ e na Imagem das Pequenas e Médias Empresas (PME da Euro Região Norte de Portugal-Galiza, dos sectores industrial, comércio e serviços. Os resultados do projeto de investigação quantitativo, baseados numa amostra de 173 empresas, que responderam a um questionário on-line, entre setembro e dezembro de 2009, mostram que as TIC contribuem para a melhoria da eficácia do SGQ e a imagem empresarial. As barreiras à sua utilização mais frequente são sobretudo as mudanças organizacionais exigidas e os custos de investimento para as empresas.

  2. The cavernicolous Oniscidea (Crustacea: Isopoda) of Portugal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    P. S. Reboleira, Ana Sofia; Gonçalves, Fernando J.; Oromí, Pedro;

    2015-01-01

    The study of subterranean Oniscidea in Portugal has been neglected for nearly 70 years, but recent investigations have revealed high diversity. All the terrestrial isopods known from caves of mainland Portugal, including data from the literature and new material, are listed, revealing new biodive...... provinces of Portugal. The subgenus Trogleluma Vandel, 1946 (Armadillidiidae) is raised to genus level. In this geographic region terrestrial isopods are the richest group of cave-adapted animals....

  3. Area Handbook Series: Portugal, A Country Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-01-01

    rapidly being deregulated and diversified. The state elec- tric power company, Electricidade de Portugal (EDP), planned to invest US$700 million between...200 zar, xxv, 58-60, 117-20 Democratic Party (PD), 52, 172 EDP. See Electricidade de Portugal demography, 70-79 education (see also schools), 103-8...124 Electricidade de Portugal (EDP), 126, 149 economic development plans: first, 119; electricity, gas, and water sector: growth second, 119 in, 145

  4. Putting Portugal on the Map

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Ferrão

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper argues the need to “put Portugal on the map” in a double sense: in a prospective way, in order to place the country on the required map(s, something which entails strategic vision and capacity for action; and in an analytical way – to enable us to understand Portugal from the map(s it is part of, which presupposes a capacity to analyse and understand the current state of affairs. By drawing inspiration from the polymorphic vision on the spatialities of contemporary societies and economies defended by Jessop, Brenner and Jones (2008, we propose the creation of a unifying reference framework to “put Portugal on the map”, using a combination of five elements: territory as a geographic location; territory as a unit of reference of the nation-state; places; geographic scales; and networks. The polymorphic nature of the spatialities that characterize, or should characterize, Portugal’s place in the world reflects several, and even contradictory, ethical values, interests, preferences, and options. Accordingly, the supported polymorphic spatialities ought to stir up controversy based on knowledge and arguments that are solid from a theoretical and empirical stance, and should make explicit the objectives and values they are based on.

  5. Continuing Vocational Training in Local Government in Portugal, 2000-05--What Has Changed?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cabrito, Belmiro Gil; Simao, Ana Margarida Veiga; Alves, Mariana Gaio; Almeida, Antonio

    2009-01-01

    Local government in Portugal had a good opportunity to modernise through the Programa de Formacao para as Autarquias Locais (Foral) [Training programme for local authorities], implemented between 2000 and 2005. Substantial financial resources were made available through the programme to retrain local government human resources in order to improve…

  6. Jovens e adultos trabalhadores pouco escolarizados no Brasil e em Portugal: alvos da mesma lógica de conformidade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sonia Maria Rummert

    2010-01-01

    Oportunidades, en Portugal, y Pro Joven, en Brasil, y destaca que ambos contribuyen para aumentar la subordinación funcional de las políticas de educación a los intereses económicos y para reforzar la conformidad ideológica de la clase trabajadora en los dos países.

  7. Salud y Seguridad del Trabajo en Portugal: apuntes diversos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    António de Sousa Uva

    Full Text Available El autor aborda algunos aspectos relativos a la Salud y Seguridad del Trabajo (SST en Portugal llamando la atención para, esencialmente, intentar sostener la tesis de que, desde mediados de la década de los 90, se observaron importantes avances en la mejoría de las condiciones del trabajo en la perspectiva de la SST, aunque se mantuvieron algunos problemas en la práctica concreta de las normativas legales. Incluso con estas mejoras, las tasas de frecuencia de accidentes de trabajo y de enfermedades profesionales en Portugal todavía se mantienen muy elevadas necesitando, por tanto, estrategias más "agresivas" para concienciar la sociedad portuguesa en torno a las políticas públicas de SST efectivamente promotoras de prevención de riesgos profesionales y de la promoción de la salud de quien trabaja. Es por tanto indispensable que la protección de la salud y de la seguridad de los trabajadores en los puestos de trabajo sea encarada como un conjunto de actividades de indiscutible utilidad para todos los representantes del mundo del trabajo e que la agenda política pase a valorizar, aún más, la promoción de espacios de trabajo saludables y seguros, con la consecuente valorización de las variables individuales en la estrategia nacional de salud y seguridad.

  8. The cavernicolous Oniscidea (Crustacea: Isopoda) of Portugal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    P. S. Reboleira, Ana Sofia; Gonçalves, Fernando J.; Oromí, Pedro

    2015-01-01

    The study of subterranean Oniscidea in Portugal has been neglected for nearly 70 years, but recent investigations have revealed high diversity. All the terrestrial isopods known from caves of mainland Portugal, including data from the literature and new material, are listed, revealing new biodive...

  9. Crise econômica e retorno dos imigrantes brasileiros em Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolina Nunan

    Full Text Available A crise econômica internacional desencadeada em 2008 produziu enormes efeitos sobre as migrações mundiais. Alguns estudos têm sido dedicados a esta temática. O objetivo deste artigo é refletir e discutir sobre a existência de um possível fluxo de retorno dos imigrantes brasileiros em Portugal ao país de origem. Os resultados desta investigação apontam para uma desaceleração do fluxo de entrada em Portugal, uma propensão significativa ao retorno, mas um volume efetivo de retorno inferior ao que seria teoricamente de esperar.

  10. Práticas e discursos académicos sobre biblioterapia Desenvolvidas em Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Fernando Fraga Azevedo; Karla Haydê Oliveira

    2016-01-01

    Este artigo define o conceito de biblioterapia e faz o mapeamento da produção académica sobre a temática existente em Portugal. Para o efeito, foram analisadas as práticas e a produção de trabalhos académicos desenvolvidos nos cursos de pós-graduação presentes na base de dados do Repositório Científico de Acesso Aberto de Portugal (RCAAP). Considera-se que a técnica da biblioterapia é eficaz em diferentes contextos e aplicabilidades, sejam estes crianças, adultos ou idosos.

  11. Cultural and Creative tourism in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rui Carvalho

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Un nuevo paradigma en la industria turística está cambiando el significado de la cultura y sus usos de forma a promocionar productos o experiencias y destinos otros. Las cuestiones que ponemos son las siguientes: ¿Cuál es la importancia del turismo creativo en un destino turístico y cuáles serán las consecuencias para su organización? La metodología seguida se basó en una revisión de la literatura relativa al objeto de investigación, estudio de caso, análisis de datos, análisis de contenido, toma de muestras, “bola de nieve”, encuestas y observación participante. Este artículo analiza cómo el evento Festival MED en Loulé, Algarve ha mejorado la economía local, ha resuelto problemas urbanos en el centro histórico (área del evento y ayudó a diferenciar la oferta turística en el destino turístico maduro, en el Algarve, Portugal.

  12. Introducción de las artes marciales asiáticas en Portugal = The introduction of asian martial arts in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Gutiérrez García

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available El presente estudio analiza la introducción del jujutsu en Portugal, sucedida a principios del siglo XX. Para su realización se ha consultado fundamentalmente prensa histórica portuguesa, tanto general como específica del ámbito deportivo. Los resultados obtenidos muestran que la introducción del jujutsu en Portugal se produjo fundamentalmente a través del mundo del espectáculo, mediante actuaciones de expertos japoneses. Las notables diferencias técnicas y corporales entre estos luchadores japoneses y los luchadores profesionales de lucha libre y grecorromana de la época, a los que habitualmente solían derrotar, contribuyeron a generar un potente imaginario de las artes de combate orientales como sistemas superiores de cultura física y defensa personal. No obstante, a pesar del éxito del jujutsu este no logró afianzarse sólidamente en Portugal, desapareciendo progresivamente de la escena pública desde principios de la segunda década del siglo XX.-------------------------------------------------------------------------------The present study analyzes the introduction of jujutsu in Portugal at the beginning of the 20th century. Mainly, historical Portuguese newspapers were reviewed, both general and specific from sports field. Results show that the introduction of jujutsu in Portugal was principally conduced via the show business through exhibitions performed by Japanese experts. Significant technical and physical differences between the Japanese fighters and the professional Freestyle and Greco-roman fighters, who were usually defeated by the former, contributed to create a powerful imaginary of the eastern fighting arts as superior systems of physical culture and self-defence. However, in spite of jujutsu’s success, it did not come to be strongly established in Portugal, vanishing progressively off the public scene since the beginning of the 1910s.

  13. Efectos de la normalización contable internacional en españa y Portugal para un sector económico estratégico Effects of international accounting standard setting in spain and Portugal for a strategic economic sector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Esther Falcón Pérez

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available La estrategia armonizadora de la Unión Europea, con la adopción de las Normas Internacionales de Información Financiera del IASB, supone un reto para las empresas constructoras españolas y portuguesas. Ambos países cuentan con una regulación contable específica para el sector de la construcción, que va a verse afectada por las normas internacionales. En este trabajo se analizan diversas cuestiones en torno a la representación y valoración contable del resultado obtenido por las empresas constructoras hispano-lusas en el desarrollo de sus actividades, a fin de dar respuesta a las problemáticas suscitadas por la armonización contable internacional.The present on going process in the European Union, with a strategy towards the adoption of International Financial Reporting Standards from IASB, creates a challenge for Spanish and Portuguese construction enterprises. Standards setters from both countries have issued specific accounting regulations for construction enterprises, which will be affected by the International Financial Reporting Standards. The aim of this paper is to analyze several questions regarding the measurement and disclosure of earnings by Spanish and Portuguese construction enterprises, in order to face the issues raised by the international accounting standards.

  14. La enseñanza de la lengua española en Portugal / The teachig of spanish in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    António Ricardo Mira

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: Se hacen algunas referencias al marco común europeo de referencia para las lenguas: aprendizaje, enseñanza, evaluación y a la legislación que, en Portugal, revelan las opciones políticas para la enseñanza de las lenguas extranjeras en su Sistema Educativo, específicamente del español. También se pone de manifiesto cuándo se enseña/ aprende el español, en la escuela portuguesa. Se indican los contenidos que se enseñan y aprenden en la asignatura de español. Se dará ejemplo de una clase de español como lengua extranjera impartida en Portugal. Se señala el modo de formación de los docentes de lengua española. Se pulsan las diferentes maneras que, en este momento de arranque de la enseñanza del español, el gobierno portugués ha encontrado para incorporar en su ministerio de la educación, a los docentes necesarios de español.Abstract: Some references are made to the European Common Framework for Languages: learning, teaching, evaluation, as well as to the laws that, in Portugal, testify the political options for the teaching of foreign languages, particularly Spanish, in its Teaching System(Educational System. We also give evidence to when Spanish is taught/learnt in Portuguese schools. We point out the syllabuses which are taught and learnt in courses of Spanish. We give an example of a lesson of Spanish as a foreign language taking place in Portugal. We give evidence to the way Spanish teachers’ training is being done. We present the different ways that, at the starting point of this process, have been found by of the Portuguese government to integrate in its ministry the teachers needed for the teaching of Spanish.

  15. Transnational citizenship: Latin Americans in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beatriz Padilla

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This article is a reflection upon the exercising of transnational citizenship as a consequence of international migration, applied to Latin Americans resident in Portugal. In order to do this we have adopted the concept of transnational citizenship, as its malleability allows us to consider the whole concept of countries of origin and destination and the influence of bilateral and international relations. We ask how transnational citizenship is exercised in the European Union, Ibero-American and, particularly, Portuguese spaces, and whether it is affected by the economic crisis in Europe and, in particular, Portugal, by analysing the cases of Argentines, Brazilians and Uruguayans living in Portugal.

  16. Padrões de casamento dos imigrantes brasileiros residentes em Portugal Patrones de matrimonio de los inmigrantes brasileños residentes en Portugal Marriage patterns of Brazilian immigrants living in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Cristina Ferreira

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Ao longo das últimas décadas, o número de estrangeiros residentes em Portugal aumentou de forma expressiva. Neste contexto, a comunidade brasileira assumiu uma importância cada vez maior, sendo em 2009 a nacionalidade mais representada, com uma participação de 25% no total de residentes estrangeiros em Portugal. Esta evolução tem, como seria de se esperar, reflexos a outros níveis, em particular no contexto do casamento. Contrariando a tendência decrescente observada para o total de casamentos ocorridos entre 2001 e 2009, aqueles em que pelo menos um dos cônjuges nasceu no Brasil quase quadruplicaram nesse período. Para muitos autores, os casamentos mistos são um bom indicador da integração das comunidades imigrantes na sociedade de acolhimento. Assim, dada a importância da comunidade brasileira residente em Portugal, é relevante observar qual o peso dos casamentos mistos nesta comunidade e analisar seus padrões de matrimônio. A análise estatística dos microdados dos casamentos disponibilizados pelo Instituto Nacional de Estatística possibilitou estudar e caraterizar a evolução dos casamentos registrados em Portugal, entre 2001 e 2009, envolvendo brasileiros residentes em Portugal. Ficou patente a existência de um elevado nível de casamentos mistos, em especial com portugueses, neste período, o que indicia sua integração na comunidade de acolhimento. Verificaram-se igualmente algumas diferenças nos padrões de matrimônio entre os sexos, bem como uma tendência para a diminuição da importância dos casamentos mistos, em especial entre os homens.A lo largo de las últimas décadas, el número de extranjeros residentes en Portugal aumentó de forma expresiva. En este contexto, la comunidad brasileña asumió una importancia cada vez mayor, siendo en 2009 la nacionalidad más representativa, con una cuota de residentes del 25% en el total de población extranjera en Portugal. Esta evolución tiene, como cabr

  17. Alinhamentos de governação e a situação de sem-abrigo em Portugal: Perigos e insuficiências da orientação para/pelo mercado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sónia Mairos Ferreira

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available No presente artigo analisam-se, criticamente, as implicações da implementação de um estilo governativo orientado pelo e para o mercado, e de matriz reflexiva, no que respeita à problemática da situação de sem-abrigo. Para este efeito exploram-se, num primeiro momento, as componentes chave deste alinhamento na UE, apontando-se as suas intencionalidades e efeitos (indiretos, particularmente no que concerne as políticas e práticas de conceitualização e intervenção neste domínio. O ponto seguinte é devotado à reflexão crítica sobre as especificidades do caso Português, elencando-se as prioridades manifestas e apontando, com base em referentes ilustrativos múltiplos, as incongruências e insuficiências de maior relevo.

  18. Wind power costs in Portugal

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Saleiro, C. [Univ. of Minho, Dept. of Biological Engineering (Portugal); Araujo, M.; Ferreira, P. [Univ. of Minho, Dept. of Production and Systems (Portugal)

    2007-05-15

    In a way to reduce the external energy dependence, increasing also the investments in renewable energy sources and aiming for the concretization of the European renewable objectives, the Portuguese government defined a goal of 5100 MW of installed wind power, up to 2012. If the drawn objectives are accomplished, by 2010 the wind power share may reach values comparable to leading countries like Denmark, Germany or Spain. The Portuguese forecasts also indicate a reinforcement of the natural gas fired generation in particular through the use of the combined cycle technology, following the European tendency. This analysis sets out to evaluate the total generating cost of wind power and CCGT in Portugal. A life cycle cost analysis was conducted, including investment costs, O and M costs, fuel costs and external costs of emissions, for each type of technology. For the evaluation of the externalities ExternE values were used. The results show that presently the wind power production cost is higher than the CCGT one, at least from the strictly financial point of view. CCGT costs increase significantly when charges for externalities are included. However, they only reach levels higher than the equivalents for wind power for high externality costs estimations. This partially results from the low load factor of the wind farms in Portugal and also from the low emission levels of the gas fired technology used in the comparison. A sensitive analysis of the technical and economical parameters was also conducted. Particular attention was given to the natural gas prices due to the possible increase over time. The fuel escalation rate is the parameter that has larger effects on the final costs. It was verified that the total cost of wind plant is more influenced by the load factor than the total cost of CCGT. (au)

  19. CPAFFC Delegation Visits Italy and Portugal

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    <正>At the invitation of the Italian Union of Provinces (Unione delle Province d’Italia—UPI) and the League of Portugal-China Lasting Friendship (LPCLF),the Chinese People’s Friendship Delegation led by Chen Haosu,president of the CPAFFC,and Shi Zuofeng,vice chairman of the Standing Committee of the Gansu Provincial People’s Congress,paid friendly visits to Italy and Portugal from June 15 to 24.

  20. Sustainable Offshore Wind Potential in Continental Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Costa, P.; Simões, T. (Tânia); Estanqueiro, Ana

    2010-01-01

    This study intends to depict the availability of the sustainable offshore wind energy for Continental Portugal and identify the preliminary areas for developing offshore wind parks. Two scenarios were performed to distinct the different offshore wind turbine prototypes assembled by the manufactory energy sector – bottom fixed and floating models. The results achieved until now indicate that Portugal has a very large potential for offshore wind deployments ready to be exploited, especial...

  1. Pension Systems in Europe. Case of Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jarosław Poteraj

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available The article presents an insight into the old age pension system in Portugal. The author’s goal was to present both past and present solutions employed by the Portuguese’s pension system, in search for ideas worth consideration in international comparisons. In the summary, the author highlights as a particular Portuguese approach, on the background of other countries, the fact of using in Portugal definite part of VAT income for pension system financing.

  2. Adaptação dos inventários de sexismo moderno para Portugal: o inventário de sexismo ambivalente e o inventário de ambivalência em relação aos homens

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Alexandre Costa

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available A relação entre homens e mulheres é única e composta por desigualdade e preconceito dirigido aos membros do sexo oposto. Enquanto a forma hostil de sexismo foi já muito estudada, o sexismo moderno é caracterizado pela simultaneidade de formas hostis e benevolentes de preconceito, e por isso conceitualizado como Sexismo Ambivalente. O objetivo deste estudo foi adaptar o Inventário de Sexismo Ambivalente (ASI e o Inventário de Ambivalência em relação aos Homens (AMI para a população Portuguesa, e avaliar as suas propriedades psicométricas. Ambos os inventários foram administrados a 258 estudantes universitários (31% homens e 69% mulheres, com uma média de idade de 27 anos. As análises fatoriais confirmatórias revelaram evidência da multidimensionalidade de ambos os inventários, validade fatorial, convergente e discriminante, e fiabilidade interna. Os homens revelaram níveis mais elevados de hostilidade e de benevolência dirigido às mulheres, as mulheres revelaram maiores níveis de hostilidade dirigida aos homens. A hostilidade em relação aos homens aumentou com a idade, enquanto a benevolência diminuiu. O preconceito hostil e benevolente foi maior em pessoas com menos anos de escolaridade. Religiosidade correlacionou significativamente com os índices de sexismo benevolente. Foi assim demonstrada a validade e confiabilidade da adaptação dos Inventários de Sexismo Moderno em Portugal.

  3. The Mousterian complex in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Luís CARDOSO

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: Considering the available data, the Mousterian period is the only techno-complex from the Middle Paleolithic identified and characterized in Portugal. However, some of the sites referred in this work should be simply attributed to the Middle Paleolithic due to the lack of detailed elements. The site of Vale do Forno 8 probably represents the transition between the final Upper Paleolithic and the early Middle Paleolithic.The open-air sites such as the ones in the outskirts of Lisbon and on the left margin of the Tagus estuary, where vestiges are extremely abundant and the permanence for long periods correspond to sites of residential character.None of these sites were subject to extensive excavations in order to confirm this type of settlement and further knowledge of the social organization of the inhabited spaces. Other open-air sites located in fluvial terraces present smaller areas of occupation and were probably related to game activities, maybe seasonal in nature. This was the case of Santo Antão do Tojal, were elephants and horses were eventually captured, of Foz do Enxarrique were red deer was almost exclusive and of Vilas Ruivas, were faunal remains were not preserved but remains of wind-breaks or hunting blind structures were found associated with fireplaces and post-holes. Fireplaces were also found in Gruta da Buraca Escura and on the open-air site of Santa Cita.Caves such as Gruta da Oliveira and the Gruta Nova da Columbeira show long stratigraphic sequences and prolonged settlements, of residential type, though a few other caves also show temporary settlements related to game activities or the exploitation of geological resources. In most cases, there is an alternance of the cave occupation by humans and large carnivores. Food subsistence of humans was non-specialized, capturing large, mid and also small preys such as the rabbit, an abundant endemic species. The terrestrial turtle was also captured, especially in Gruta

  4. The Socioeconomic determinants of economic inequality. Evidence from Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Budría, Santiago

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available This article uses data from the 1994-2001 waves of the European Union Household Panel to investigate the socioeconomic determinants of economic inequality. the paper focuses on Portugal, a country with the largest inequality levels among EU countries, to report relevant facts on the distributions of income, labour earnings, and capital income. the paper shows how these distributions are related to family characteristics such as age, education, marital status and employment status. a generalized ordered Probit model is used to investigate how and to what extent the households’ socioeconomic attributes determine their economic status and their mobility along the distributions. the article concludes that education is by and large the dimension more closely related to inequality.

    Este artículo utiliza el Panel de Hogares de la Unión Europea (1994-2001 para investigar cuáles son los determinantes socioeconómicos de la desigualdad. el artículo se centra en Portugal, el país de la Unión Europea con mayores niveles de desigualdad, para documentar hechos relevantes sobre las distribuciones de la renta, salarios y rentas de capital. se muestra cómo estas distribuciones están relacionadas con características familiares tales como edad, educación, estado civil y estado laboral. Por último, se emplea un modelo Probit ordenado generalizado para investigar cómo y en qué medida las diferentes características socio-económicas de las familias determinan su estatus económico y su movilidad a lo largo de las distribuciones. el artículo concluye que la educación es, con diferencia, la dimensión socioeconómica más determinante en relación con la desigualdad.

  5. O MARKETING NO ENSINO SUPERIOR: COMPARATIVO BRASIL-PORTUGAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helena Alves

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Ao abordar o marketing aplicado ao ensino superior, este estudo tem como objetivos discutir os conceitos teóricos do marketing educacional e aplicálos aos contextos brasileiro e português. Tendo em consideração que o marketing educacional tem a sua maior expressão nos E.U.A., a sua aplicação a diferentes realidades e culturas requer adaptações. Inicialmente, fez-se uma revisão dos conceitos tradicionais de marketing educacional, com ênfase nas vantagens, desvantagens e no marketing-mix aplicado à educação. Posteriormente realizou-se uma caraterização dos contextos atuais do ensino superior no Brasil e em Portugal, e fez-se uma comparação da aplicação do marketing educacional nas realidades brasileira e portuguesa, focando as análises no marketing-mix educacional. Percebeu-se que o ensino superior no Brasil tem caraterísticas muito diversas do ensino superior em Portugal e ambos divergem na aplicação dos conceitos mais tradicionais do marketing à educação. Desta forma, faz-se necessária a construção de abordagens teóricas específicas para a aplicação do marketing educacional a diferentes nações.

  6. Cibermedios de proximidad en España y Portugal en las redes sociales: vías para estrechar vínculos en comunidades locales 

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    X López García

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available La evolución del nuevo ecosistema mediático durante los últimos diez años muestra una explosión de cibermedios de proximidad, tanto nativos digitales como matriciales. El objetivo de este artículo es analizar las características de las nuevas formas de establecer vínculos y asentarse de los cibermedios de proximidad, prestando atención a la diferencia entre los nativos digitales y los matriciales. El análisis incluye vías de participación de los ciudadanos en el producto, estrategias en las redes sociales e índices de seguimiento, e iniciativas socioculturales con asociaciones o entidades de la comunidad. El procedimiento seguido es el estudio de caso y análisis de contenido de tres medios nativos digitales españoles que sobresalen como nuevas fórmulas de ciberperiodismo de proximidad (somosmalasaña.com, granadaimedia.com y elporvenirclm.com y uno portugués (setubalnarede.com. También hemos realizado un repaso de los medios locales del grupo portugués Adriano Lucas, uno de los referentes en el país vecino y con más influencia por difusión en el sector del ciberperiodismo de proximidad. Este estudio revelará cómo son pocos los casos de medios que aprovechan las potencialidades del contexto de la web 2.0 para dinamizar sus comunidades digitales y propiciar o gestionar el feedback aportado por sus usuarios/lectores.

  7. Salud y Seguridad del Trabajo en Portugal: apuntes diversos Some annotations about Occupational Health and Safety in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    António de Sousa Uva

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available El autor aborda algunos aspectos relativos a la Salud y Seguridad del Trabajo (SST en Portugal llamando la atención para, esencialmente, intentar sostener la tesis de que, desde mediados de la década de los 90, se observaron importantes avances en la mejoría de las condiciones del trabajo en la perspectiva de la SST, aunque se mantuvieron algunos problemas en la práctica concreta de las normativas legales. Incluso con estas mejoras, las tasas de frecuencia de accidentes de trabajo y de enfermedades profesionales en Portugal todavía se mantienen muy elevadas necesitando, por tanto, estrategias más "agresivas" para concienciar la sociedad portuguesa en torno a las políticas públicas de SST efectivamente promotoras de prevención de riesgos profesionales y de la promoción de la salud de quien trabaja. Es por tanto indispensable que la protección de la salud y de la seguridad de los trabajadores en los puestos de trabajo sea encarada como un conjunto de actividades de indiscutible utilidad para todos los representantes del mundo del trabajo e que la agenda política pase a valorizar, aún más, la promoción de espacios de trabajo saludables y seguros, con la consecuente valorización de las variables individuales en la estrategia nacional de salud y seguridad.In the present work, the author analyzes several aspects of Occupational Health and Safety (OHS in Portugal. He provides evidence sustaining the assumption of an important progress, since the mid-nineties, in the improvement of the working conditions from an OHS perspective. Nevertheless, several problems still remain in the practical application of legal regulations. In addition, despite of these improvements, the frequency rates of working accidents and occupational diseases remain very high. Hence, more "aggressive" strategies are required to increase the awareness of the Portuguese society relative to the OHS public policies, whose effectiveness has been demonstrated either in

  8. Low Adherence to Mediterranean Diet in Portugal: Pregnant Women Nutrition in Portugal and its Repercussions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pereira-da-Silva, Luis; Pinto, Elisabete

    2016-10-01

    Introdução: Tem havido baixa adesão ao padrão da dieta mediterrânica na população portuguesa. Nesta perspectiva, procedemos à revisão crítica do estado de nutrição das mulheres em idade fértil, grávidas e recém-nascidos, em Portugal. Material e Métodos: Realizámos uma revisão narrativa crítica de estudos recentes com qualidade e inquéritos nacionais oficiais, que tivessem avaliado a dieta e estado de nutrição de mulheres em idade fértil e de grávidas portuguesas e sua influência no estado de nutrição dos respetivos fetos e recém-nascidos. Resultados: Foram selecionados e analisados cinco estudos ecológicos multinacionais que incluíram Portugal, dois inquéritos oficiais nacionais sobre disponibilidade de alimentos, sete estudos nacionais sobre dieta e estado de nutrição de mulheres em idade fértil e grávidas e cinco estudos nacionais sobre a influência de fatores nutricionais maternos no crescimento dos fetos. A prevalência de excesso de peso/obesidade em mulheres em idade fértil e grávidas aumentou substancialmente associada à diminuição da adesão à dieta mediterrânica. As variações no consumo de energia e macronutrientes na gravidez parecem não ter impacto significativo no estado de nutrição dos fetos. Pelo contrário, o excesso de peso/obesidade pré-concecional associa-se a aumento de adiposidade ao nascer e o excessivo aumento de peso na gravidez associa-se ao excesso ponderal na infância. Os fatores potencialmente relacionados com a baixa adesão à dieta mediterrânica, merecendo futura investigação, incluem políticas agrícolas da União Europeia que promoveram a produção de grupos alimentares não tipicamente mediterrânicos a baixo preço e a pouca capacidade financeira referida pela população portuguesa para aquisição de alimentos de qualidade. Conclusão: A recuperação dos hábitos dietéticos mediterrânicos tradicionais deve ser incluída em estratégias de prevenção e tratamento do

  9. A manobra político-diplomática de Portugal na África Austral (1951-1974)

    OpenAIRE

    Barroso, Luís Fernando Machado

    2012-01-01

    Tese de doutoramento em História, Defesa e Relações Internacionais Entre 1961 e 1974, Portugal combateu uma longa guerra em Angola, Moçambique e na Guiné, indo buscar ao sistema internacional importantes apoios para o seu esforço de guerra. Importantes trabalhos foram publicados neste âmbito, em especial no que respeita às relações político-diplomáticas de Portugal com os EUA, Grã-Bretanha, França e Alemanha. Porém, faltava ainda determinar até que ponto a guerra em Angola e em...

  10. Millipedes (Diplopoda) from caves of Portugal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    P. S. Reboleira, Ana Sofia; Enghoff, Henrik

    2014-01-01

    Millipedes play an important role in the decomposition of organic matter in the subterranean environment. Despite the existence of several cave-adapted species of millipedes in adjacent geographic areas, their study has been largely ignored in Portugal. Over the last decade, intense fieldwork...... in caves of the mainland and the island of Madeira has provided new data about the distribution and diversity of millipedes. A review of millipedes from caves of Portugal is presented, listing fourteen species belonging to eight families, among which six species are considered troglobionts....... The distribution of millipedes in caves of Portugal is discussed and compared with the troglobiont biodiversity in the overall Iberian Peninsula and the Macaronesian archipelagos....

  11. Nurses in advanced roles: a review of acceptability in Portugal Las enfermeras de competencias avanzadas: una revisión de aceptación en Portugal Enfermeiros em funções avançadas: uma análise da aceitação em Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James Buchan

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: This paper focuses on the policy context for the deployment of nurses in advanced roles, with particular reference to Portugal. The health sector in Portugal, as in all countries, is labour intensive, and the scope to utilise nurses in more advanced roles is currently being debated. METHODS: Mixed methods were used: an analysis of international data on the nursing workforce; an analysis of documents and media articles; interviews with key-informants; an online survey of managers, and a technical workshop with key-informants. CONCLUSIONS: The limited evidence base on nurses in advanced roles in Portugal is a constraint on progress, but it is not an excuse for inaction. Further research in Portugal on health professionals in innovative roles would assist in informing policy direction. There is the need to move forward with a fully informed policy dialogue, taking account of the current political, economic and health service realities of Portugal.OBJETIVO: Este estudio se focaliza en el contexto político del desarrollo de competencias avanzadas de enfermería, con énfasis en el caso portugués. El sector de la salud en Portugal, como en todos los países, es intensivo en mano de obra, y la posibilidad de utilizar enfermeros en funciones más avanzadas está actualmente en debate. MÉTODOS: Fue utilizado una aproximación mixta: análisis de datos internacionales sobre la fuerza de trabajo de enfermería; análisis de documentos y noticias; entrevistas con informadores clave; un cuestionario online y una oficina técnica con informadores clave. CONCLUSIONES: La limitada base de evidencia sobre la extensión de competencias de los enfermeros en Portugal es un obstáculo para el progreso pero no es una excusa para la inacción. Investigación adicional sobre profesionales de la salud en papeles innovadores podría ayudar a informar y direccionar la decisión política. Es necesario avanzar con un diálogo político plenamente informado

  12. Estudo de dois mapas do geógrafo Robert de Vaugondy relativos ao Reino de Portugal do Século XVIII (1751

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Pais Neves dos Santos

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Analisamos dois mapas alusivos ao reino de Portugal, datados de 1751, publicados em Paris e assinados pelo geógrafo Robert de Vaugondy, a saber: Partie Septentrionale du Royaume de Portugal, par le Sr. Robert, Geographe ordinaire du Roy. Avec Privilege. 1751. e Partie Meridionale du Royaume de Portugal, par le Sr. Robert, Geographe ordinaire du Roy. Avec Privilege. 1751., com o objetivo de propor uma explicação para as divisões administrativas cartografadas. Como suporte ao objeto do trabalho, caracterizamos de forma concisa a evolução dos limites administrativos do reino de Portugal, desde a sua formação até a atualidade, e abordamos a vida e obra de Robert de Vaugondy. Concluímos ser o mais consentâneo com a lógica representarem divisões eclesiásticas.

  13. Relatório de Estágio Curricular – DIP – Discover Inland Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Estevães, Pedro; Simões, Philip

    2011-01-01

    A DIP – Discover Inland Portugal consiste na criação de uma agência de viagens e turismo de outgoing, que promove e comercializa produtos turísticos diversificados, inovadores e singulares para a região da Beira Interior Centro, através de uma plataforma online. A necessidade e oportunidade existente na região por canais de distribuição agregadores, torna o projecto DIP numa forte aposta e investimento para o turismo praticado na região Interior Centro. A utilização da tecnologia do comérc...

  14. Social housing in Portugal and Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alves, Sonia; Andersen, Hans Thor

    The social housing sector has become increasingly residualized and segregated in Portugal and Denmark. Whilst there is a considerable difference between the systems in these two countries, as regards issues of management and governance, dominant rent regimes (cost rent, social rent) or eligibility...

  15. Lessons from wind policy in Portugal

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Peña, Ivonne; L. Azevedo, Inês; Marcelino Ferreira, Luís António Fialho

    2017-04-01

    Wind capacity and generation grew rapidly in several European countries, such as Portugal. Wind power adoption in Portugal began in the early 2000s, incentivized by a continuous feed-in tariff policy mechanism, coupled with public tenders for connection licenses in 2001, 2002, and 2005. These policies led to an enormous success in terms of having a large share of renewables providing electricity services: wind alone accounts today for ~23.5% of electricity demand in Portugal. We explain the reasons wind power became a key part of Portugal's strategy to comply with European Commission climate and energy goals, and provide a detailed review of the wind feed-in tariff mechanism. We describe the actors involved in wind power production growth. We estimate the environmental and energy dependency gains achieved through wind power generation, and highlight the correlation between wind electricity generation and electricity exports. Finally, we compare the Portuguese wind policies with others countries' policy designs and discuss the relevance of a feed-in tariff reform for subsequent wind power additions.

  16. Taking New Paths: Experiential Education in Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Almeida, Katia

    2008-01-01

    Pressley Ridge is a non-profit organization that provides an array of treatment services to at-risk and developmentally delayed children that allow them to remain close to their families and communities. In 2007 Pressley Ridge Portugal started an experiential education and adventure therapy center. This pilot project aims to help participants…

  17. Governance in Educational Institutions in Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    García Redondo, Eva

    2016-01-01

    The present study addresses the governance processes governing the organization and management of educational institutions in Portugal, in a context of analysis in which the educational reforms carried out in this country, from the early nineteenth century (when school responsibility is assumed exclusively by the State) to the present, play what…

  18. Rickettsia slovaca infection in humans, Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Sousa, Rita; Pereira, Branca Isabel; Nazareth, Claúdia; Cabral, Susana; Ventura, Conceição; Crespo, Pedro; Marques, Nuno; da Cunha, Saraiva

    2013-10-01

    Fifteen years after the initial detection of Rickettsia slovaca in ticks in Portugal, 3 autochthonous cases of R. slovaca infection were diagnosed in humans. All patients had an eschar on the scalp and lymphadenopathy; 2 patients had facial edema. R. slovaca infection was confirmed by serologic testing, culture, and PCR.

  19. Child Poverty in Portugal: Dimensions and Dynamics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bastos, Amelia; Nunes, Francisco

    2009-01-01

    This article analyses the extent and persistence of child poverty in Portugal between 1995 and 2001. Data from the Portuguese component of the European Community Household Panel Survey (ECHP) are used to estimate child poverty rates and children's flows in and out of poverty. The article focuses upon an analysis based on family income and on a set…

  20. Neo-Lamarckism in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Almaça, Carlos

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available

    Darwinism was championed in Portugal by the University and progressionist political parties from the 1860's on. Neo-Darwinism was neglected in its proper time and so the acceptance of the inheritance of acquired characters continued over the first decades of the 20th century. Men of medical education who were professors of Biology at the University of Oporto supported neo-Lamarckian theories in early 20th century. The first one has been Américo Pires de Lima (1886-1966, professor of Botany, whose doctoral dissertation sustaining early Darwinism and neo-Lamarckism was presented in 1912. This thesis, as well as a few neo-Lamarckian publications with antropological significance, are commented and discussed in the present paper.



    El Darwinismo fue defendido en Portugal en la Universidad y por los partidos políticos progresistas durante la década de los años 60 del siglo XIX. El neo-darwinismo fue ignorado en su tiempo y así continuó la aceptación de la herencia de los caracteres adquiridos a lo largo de las primeras décadas del siglo XX. Los profesores de biolog

  1. Práticas e discursos académicos sobre biblioterapia Desenvolvidas em Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Fraga Azevedo

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo define o conceito de biblioterapia e faz o mapeamento da produção académica sobre a temática existente em Portugal. Para o efeito, foram analisadas as práticas e a produção de trabalhos académicos desenvolvidos nos cursos de pós-graduação presentes na base de dados do Repositório Científico de Acesso Aberto de Portugal (RCAAP. Considera-se que a técnica da biblioterapia é eficaz em diferentes contextos e aplicabilidades, sejam estes crianças, adultos ou idosos.

  2. O uso das redes sociais por jornalistas em Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Sofia Veloso

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo pretende mostrar como as redes sociais são utilizadas pelosjornalistas, nomeadamente os que trabalham em Portugal. É ainda intuito deste trabalho perceber se o uso destas ferramentas por estes profissionais pode constituir uma nova prática rotineira.Para o efeito, levou-se a cabo um estudo de carácter exploratório baseado nos resultados de um inquérito por questionário – realizado de raiz – dirigido à classe jornalística em Portugal. O artigo divide-se em quatro partes. Tendo em conta que, em pouco mais de uma década, as redes sociais se tornaram a atividade online mais popular a nível global, começa-se por realizar um enquadramento de apoio ao surgimento destas ferramentas na sociedade atual, dando conta de algumas estatísticas de uso e de novos processos de socialização subsequentes. Num segundo momento, é feito refereência à relação do jornalismo com as redes sociais e algumas novas práticas jornalísticas neste âmbito, apresentando conclusões de estudos internacionais sobre a utilização que jornalistas de diversos países fazem das redes sociais. Aborda-se ainda as orientações existentes sobre o uso ético que os jornalistas devem dar a estas ferramentas segundo várias entidades ligadas ao universo do jornalismo. A terceira parte foca-se no inquérito, designadamente a metodologia usada e a estrutura do mesmo; realiza-se um breve retrato sociográfico da classe jornalística em Portugal e faz-se uma caracterização socioprofissional da amostra obtida através do inquérito; apresentam-se os resultados conseguidos e analisam-se e discutem-se os mesmos, nomeadamente através de comparações com as estatísticas e as conclusões dos estudos nacionais e internacionais já mencionadas. Na quarta secção, tendo por base a discussão realizada e o balanço do tratamento do inquérito, menciona-se alguns desafios que se colocam aos jornalistas na era da Web 2.0. E conclui-se com a confirmação de que a

  3. Interpersonal violence among immigrants in Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dias, Sónia; Fraga, Sílvia; Barros, Henrique

    2013-02-01

    To assess prevalence of interpersonal violence among a mixed gender sample of immigrants in Portugal, describing the type of violence and associated factors. A cross-sectional study was conducted between October 2008 and May 2009, evaluating a sample of 702 immigrants residing in the Lisbon region. Information was obtained by trained interviewers using a structured questionnaire. Overall, 15.1 % (15.5 % females and 14.7 % males; p = 0.844) of the immigrants reported to be victims of at least one episode of violence during the last year, regardless of which type of violence was involved. The prevalence of intimate-partner violence was 4.1 %, and it was significantly higher among women than men (7.1 % vs. 0.9 %, respectively, p Portugal, with different gender patterns regarding the perpetrators and settings of abuse.

  4. [Portugal in the face of immigration].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guibentif, P

    1996-01-01

    The relatively recent phenomenon of migration into Portugal is broken down into three components: foreign immigrants, return of emigrants, and repatriation of those from the old African colonies in Angola and Mozambique. Changes in the flow of migrants since 1960 are noted, and the economic and social situation of the various groups of immigrants is examined. Changes in public policies aimed at addressing migration-related issues are also discussed. (SUMMARY IN ENG AND SPA)

  5. Digital activism in Portugal: An exploratory study

    OpenAIRE

    Campos, Ricardo; Pereira,Inês; Simões, José Alberto

    2016-01-01

    Recent years have been fertile in new forms of collective mobilization and activism. In this context the digital media have been assuming a particularly important role. This article is based on an exploratory project, carried out between 2014 and 2015, which sought to study the use of digital media with the forms of activism and public participation of young people in Portugal. Methodologically this project took a qualitative approach, which sought to articulate a research online and off-line...

  6. Multivariate statistical analysis of wildfires in Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costa, Ricardo; Caramelo, Liliana; Pereira, Mário

    2013-04-01

    Several studies demonstrate that wildfires in Portugal present high temporal and spatial variability as well as cluster behavior (Pereira et al., 2005, 2011). This study aims to contribute to the characterization of the fire regime in Portugal with the multivariate statistical analysis of the time series of number of fires and area burned in Portugal during the 1980 - 2009 period. The data used in the analysis is an extended version of the Rural Fire Portuguese Database (PRFD) (Pereira et al, 2011), provided by the National Forest Authority (Autoridade Florestal Nacional, AFN), the Portuguese Forest Service, which includes information for more than 500,000 fire records. There are many multiple advanced techniques for examining the relationships among multiple time series at the same time (e.g., canonical correlation analysis, principal components analysis, factor analysis, path analysis, multiple analyses of variance, clustering systems). This study compares and discusses the results obtained with these different techniques. Pereira, M.G., Trigo, R.M., DaCamara, C.C., Pereira, J.M.C., Leite, S.M., 2005: "Synoptic patterns associated with large summer forest fires in Portugal". Agricultural and Forest Meteorology. 129, 11-25. Pereira, M. G., Malamud, B. D., Trigo, R. M., and Alves, P. I.: The history and characteristics of the 1980-2005 Portuguese rural fire database, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 11, 3343-3358, doi:10.5194/nhess-11-3343-2011, 2011 This work is supported by European Union Funds (FEDER/COMPETE - Operational Competitiveness Programme) and by national funds (FCT - Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology) under the project FCOMP-01-0124-FEDER-022692, the project FLAIR (PTDC/AAC-AMB/104702/2008) and the EU 7th Framework Program through FUME (contract number 243888).

  7. Poverty, social exclusion and health in Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santana, Paula

    2002-07-01

    People in Portugal have never been so healthy. Nevertheless, there are great differences in health status between social groups and regions. In 1994, Portugal was the country with the second worst level of inequality in terms of income distribution and with the highest level of poverty in the European Union (EU). Poverty in Portugal affects mainly the elderly and women (especially in single parent families). Beyond these groups, there are the children, the ethnic minorities and the homeless. Substance abusers, the unemployed, and ex-prisoners are also strongly affected by situations of social exclusion and poverty. Although poverty has been an important issue on the political agenda in Portugal, it shows a worrying tendency to resist traditional Social Security interventions. In the late 1990s, however, welfare coverage rates appear to have risen. To what extent can poverty cause a worsening of health status? Is there any sustainable positive association between welfare and improved health status? How, to whom and when should actions to improve the health status of the disadvantaged be addressed, without subverting the health status of the rest of the population. It is also necessary to reveal the consequences of poor health to individuals, families and communities in terms of income, social empowerment and the ability to fulfil other needs. Finally, reflection on the role and effectiveness of traditional social security models is necessary, in order to improve the impact and adequacy of its interventions. The goal of this paper is to contribute to the knowledge about disadvantage, the current health situation of the most vulnerable groups in Portuguese society-those affected by poverty, deprivation and social exclusion-and to detect the constraints on access to health and health care.

  8. A general overview of geoconservation in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Brilha, J. B.

    2005-01-01

    Geoconservation in Portugal started with some delay in relation to other European countries. The reason for this is threefold: i) the Nature Conservation legislation has been usually inappropriate for the conservation of the geological heritage; ii) the Nature Conservation Institute generally does not take into account geoheritage as part of natural heritage; and iii) only recently, the Portuguese geological community begun to realize the necessity to get involved in geoconservation. Funda...

  9. The cavernicolous Oniscidea (Crustacea: Isopoda of Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Sofia P.S. Reboleira

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The study of subterranean Oniscidea in Portugal has been neglected for nearly 70 years, but recent investigations have revealed high diversity. All the terrestrial isopods from caves of mainland Portugal, including data from the literature and new material, are listed, revealing new biodiversity patterns. Twenty-seven species, belonging to 15 genera and six families, are known, of which 16 species are considered to be exclusively from subterranean ecosystems, i.e., troglobionts. Trichoniscidae is the most diverse family. Seven species in the family Trichoniscidae and one species in the family Styloniscidae are described as new (all with Reboleira & Taiti as authors: Trichoniscoides bellesi sp. nov. from the Montejunto Massif; T. sicoensis sp. nov. from the Sicó Massif; Metatrichoniscoides salirensis sp. nov. from the typhonic valley of Caldas da Rainha; Troglonethes olissipoensis sp. nov. from the Lisbon Peninsula; T. arrabidaensis sp. nov. from the Arrábida Massif; Miktoniscus longispina sp. nov. from the Sicó Massif and Cesaredas Plateau; Moserius inexpectatus sp. nov. from the Estremenho Massif; and Cordioniscus lusitanicus sp. nov. from Alentejo and Algarve, the southernmost provinces of Portugal. The subgenus Trogleluma Vandel, 1946 (Armadillidiidae is raised to genus level. In this geographic region terrestrial isopods are the richest group of cave-adapted animals.

  10. Towards a hydrogen economy in Portugal

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Murray, M. Luke; Hugo Seymour, E.; Pimenta, Rui [Departamento de Engenharia Mecanica-Instituto Superior Tecnico (IDMEC - IST), Lisboa (Portugal). Research Group on Energy and Sustainable Development

    2007-10-15

    The dramatic societal, infrastructural and institutional changes associated with the transition to a hydrogen economy and the actions that must be taken to capitalize on the transition have been analyzed by a number of studies in many countries ranging from rhetorical visions to full technology roadmaps. As yet no such study has been undertaken in Portugal. This paper ascertains that Portugal needs to fully understand the potential that it has to develop a ''hydrogen economy'', and to take steps for this technology transition. An analysis is made of the current Portuguese energy system and policies in the light of the key technology transition challenges towards a hydrogen economy. The current status of hydrogen technology development is compared with that of other countries, and potential production to end-use hydrogen chains are examined. Key areas of promise for hydrogen technologies in Portugal are identified. The paper concludes with recommendations for actions to begin the process of transition towards a ''hydrogen economy''. (author)

  11. Las relaciones financieras entre España y Portugal, 1563-1580

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    Óscar LUCAS VILLANUEVA

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Las economías de Castilla y Portugal durante la segunda mitad del siglo XVI estaban estrechamente ligadas por vínculos financieros. Un espacio económico en desarrollo, el del Atlántico septentrional, comprendía ambos territorios y se organizaba a partir de los grandes centros feriales de Amberes, Lyon y Medina. El gran tráfico mercantil transoceánico se hacía presente en este escenario europeo gracias a la intervención de España y Portugal, pero con papeles bien distintos: España, incontinente, drenando el oro y la plata americanos hacia Europa, Portugal suministrando las apreciadas mercancías orientales. Las ferias de Medina del Campo y los mercaderes castellanos como Simón Ruiz se convierten en colaboradores necesarios de los mercaderes portugueses, pues a través de éstos negociaban los reembolsos o inversiones financieras en las plazas europeas; sin embargo, para ello era preciso un buen conocimiento de los negocios cambiarlos y su oportunidad, atendiendo a la cotización de las distintas monedas y a demanda de dinero en las ferias europeas. De la mano del mercader medinense entran los lisboetas en las grandes finanzas y la concertación de asientos con la Corona, aunque tal vez sin la pujanza que Felipe II hubiese deseado.ABSTRACT: The correspondence studied shows the importance that had, for this period of time (1563-1580, the relationship between Castille and Portugal. The vigorous economic space of the Northern Atlantic, the space in which were inscribed both territories, was organised from the three great market centres of Amberes, Lyon and Medina del Campo. The big transoceanic commercial trade was present in this European scenery thanks to the supervision of Spain an Portugal, but playing a very different role: Spain, draining gold and silver to Europe; and Portugal, supplying the appreciated oriental goods. The fairs of Medina and the Castilian merchants, like Simon Ruiz, were converted in necessary

  12. Primeras evidencias de arte mueble paleolítico en el sur de Portugal

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    Simón Vallejo, María D.

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the first evidence for Palaeolithic portable art in Southern Portugal. This include two plaques, dated between 20,500 and 19,500 BP from Solutrean levels from the site of Vale Boi, Western Algarve (Portugal. One of the pieces is a small engraved schist plaque (14,6 × 8,1 mm with abstract lines on one side. The other artefact is an 8 × 5 cm schist plaque. One side is an oxide natural deposit, used to produce dye; the other side has three aurochs and a probable cervid. Stilistic information and the engraving sequence indicate probably production by a single artist. The stylistic characteristics are in full agreement withi those from late Gravettian and early Solutrean art known from Valencia, Andalucia (Spain and the Côa valley (Portugal, thus confirming the absolute AMS dates from the Vale Boi Levels.

    En este trabajo presentamos la primera evidencia de arte mueble paleolítico en el sur de Portugal: dos plaquetas de pizarra procedentes de niveles solutrenses del yacimiento de Vale Boi, zona occidental del Algarve (Portugal. La primera de las piezas es una pequeña placa (14,6 × 8,1 mm que presenta sobre una de sus caras un ideomorfo grabado. La segunda (8 × 5 cm cuenta con una superficie ocupada por óxido de hierro natural de color amarillento, tiene claros indicios de extracción de mineral para producir colorantes. En la superficie opuesta han sido grabados tres uros y una posible cierva. El estilo y secuencia de los grabados apuntan a un solo artista. Las características estilísticas de los zoomorfos concuerdan bien con los rasgos comunes del arte del ciclo Gravetiense final y Solutrense antiguo del País Valenciano, Andalucía y Valle de Côa (Portugal. Esta afinidad sintoniza asimismo con las fechas AMS de los niveles solutrenses de Vale Boi, datados entre ca. 20.500 y 19.500 BP.

  13. Labour Human Rights in Portugal: Challenges to Their Effectiveness

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    Marina Pessoa Henriques

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the relationship between Portugal and the International Labour Organization (ILO, considering the extent to which the ILO’s system of international labour standards is recognised at the national level in the context of labour law and labour relations, and observes the ILO’s special procedures (complaints and representations in the field of international labour human rights. The use of the ILO’s system of complaints and representations by national social actors is relevant for the configuration of the Portuguese labour relations system, considering that the changes and tensions emerging from labour relations gain expression and voice within these mechanisms. In order to assess the effectiveness of national laws and regulations, we analyse the effects of ILO’s special control mechanisms on the state, law and labour relations system. Indeed, the use of the ILO’s complaints and representations system seems to reveal the ineffectiveness of labour human rights in Portugal. The ILO’s special procedures are analysed according to three functions: a political function as a result of the mediation state/labour civil society; an instrumental/procedural function referring to the regulation of conflicts; and a symbolic function related to the setting/expression of social expectations. The soft law characteristics associated with this mechanism as well as its results are also considered. En este artículo se analiza la relación entre Portugal y la Organización Internacional del Trabajo (OIT, teniendo en cuenta el grado en que el sistema de normas laborales internacionales de la OIT es reconocido a nivel nacional en el contexto del derecho laboral y las relaciones laborales, y observa los procedimientos especiales (quejas y reclamaciones de la OIT en el ámbito de los derechos humanos laborales internacionales. Para la configuración del sistema de relaciones laborales portugués, es relevante el uso que actores sociales

  14. Las universidades libres y populares en Portugal y el problema de la cultura popular - The independent and popular universities in Portugal and the problem of popular culture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rogério Fernandes

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Resumo O movimento das Universidade Livres e Populares em Portugal não está devidamente estudado, apesar de sua importância para a história social e a história da educação. Existem, é certo, alguns trabalhos monográficos parciais, em forma de livro impresso ou fotocopiado, e atigos dispersos por periódicos ou revistas, trazendo informações mais ou menos valiosas. Pretendemos, no entanto, de uma análise de conjunto com a necessária profundidade, que permita avaliar a evolução de suas unidades, a ação desenvolvida por elas e o significado do papel que desempenharam em relação à cultura popular. O estudo aqui paresentado objetiva caracterizar uma das universidade populares e livres que se criaram em Portugal, no final do século XIX e desenhar o trajeto cultural e político de cada uma delas, privilegiando as mais importantes. Com esse marco, busca-se lançar um olhar crítico sobre as principais Universidades do Norte e centro do país, localizadas no Porto, em Lisboa, Setúbal e Coimbra, intentando caracterizar-lhes a orientação política-ideológica, os objetivos pedagógicos e culturais visados, os meios que recorreram e a identidade política de seus promotores. Palavras-chave: universidades livres; universidades populares; história social; historia da educação; Portugal.   THE INDEPENDENT AND POPULAR UNIVERSITIES IN PORTUGAL AND THE PROBLEM OF POPULAR CULTURE Abstract The movement of Independent and Popular Universities in Portugal is not enough studied if we consider how important it is for Social History and for the History of Education. We have not yet a deep global analysis which enables to consider the evolution of theirs units, the actions that have started and the meaning of their role compared to popular culture. In the following study, we will try to characterize each Popular or Independent University create in Portugal from the late XIXth century, and give the cultural and political ways of each university

  15. La expulsión de los jesuitas de Portugal en la “era pombalina”

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    Vivanco Díaz, Borja

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The Jesuits were expelled from Portugal in 1759 as a consequence of Regalian policy of enlightened despotism, which had been wholeheartedly accepted by Marquis of Pombal, prime-minister under the King Joseph I. Accusations of inciting the Guarani people to rise up against “The Treaty of the borders”, on the one hand, and of conspiring in the assassination attempt against King Joseph I, on the other, supported the decision to force the Jesuits into exile. However, neither allegation has been ever proven, rather they were the result of Pombal’s campaign against Saint Ignatius of Loyola’s order. The ultimate outcome of the expulsion of the Jesuits was the diminished influence of Catholic Church, thus encourating the introduction of new Enlightenment ideas in Portugal.Los jesuitas fueron expulsados de Portugal en 1759 como consecuencia de la política “regalista” del “despotismo ilustrado” y a la que se había adherido sin reservas el Marqués de Pombal, primer ministro del rey José I. Las acusaciones de instigar a los guaraníes a rebelarse contra el Tratado de los Límites, por un lado, y de conspirar en la organización del atentado frustrado contra la vida de José I, por otro, sirvieron de argumentos para provocar el exilio de la Compañía de Jesús. Sin embargo, ninguna de las dos acusaciones ha podido ser nunca probada y respondieron más bien a la campaña “pombalina” contra la orden de Ignacio de Loyola. Como resultado final, la expulsión de los jesuitas aminoró la influencia de la Iglesia Católica y favoreció la introducción en Portugal de las nuevas ideas de la Ilustración.

  16. New series of Portuguese population and employment, 1950-2007: implications for GDP per capita and labor productivity Novas séries para a população e o emprego em Portugal, 1950-2007: implicações para o PIB per capita e a produtividade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciano Amaral

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available The two most important international databases with Portuguese GDP per capita and productivity from the 1950s onwards (GGDC and Ameco offer two contrasting pictures of its evolution, especially during the slowdown of 1973 to the mid-1980s. The main problem is the low quality of the underlying data for population and employment. This paper offers new estimates for population and employment and recalculates GDP per capita and productivity between 1950 and 2007. Although confirming the main idea advanced in GGDC (a similar slowdown of GDP per capita and productivity, the series are different, and should be viewed as the new benchmark for the Portuguese economyAs duas mais importantes bases internacionais com dados para o PIB per capita e produtividade da economia portuguesa dos anos 50 em diante (GGDC e Ameco oferecem dois retratos opostos da sua evolução, em especial durante o abrandamento entre 1973 e os anos 80. O principal problema é a qualidade dos dados de base sobre população e emprego. Oferecem-se aqui novas estimativas e apresentam-se novos cálculos do PIB per capita e da produtividade do trabalho entre 1950 e 2007. Confirma-se a ideia transmitida em GGDC (abrandamento semelhante do PIB per capita e produtividade, mas as séries são diferentes, devendo as séries aqui apresentadas ficar como as novas referências para a economia portuguesa.

  17. Análise do desenvolvimento do turismo de Portugal na China

    OpenAIRE

    Zhu Mingshan

    2012-01-01

    Dissertação de mestrado em Estudos Interculturais Português/Chinês - Tradução, Formação e Comunicação Empresarial À medida que a economia da China se desenvolve, o turismo emissor deixa de ser um sonho luxuoso para os chineses. Como um dos destinos dos turistas chineses, Portugal ainda não ocupa um lugar muito importante no mercado chinês. Em contrapartida, a China também não consta entre os principais mercados do desenvolvimento do turismo português. No entanto, com a alteraçã...

  18. MARKOV PROCESSES IN MODELING LAND USE AND LAND COVER CHANGES IN SINTRA-CASCAIS, PORTUGAL

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    PEDRO CABRAL

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo los procesos de alteración de la utilización y ocupación del suelo (LUCC son investigados recorriendo-se a técnicas de teledetección y a cadenas de Markov en lasmunicipalidades de Sintra y Cascais (Portugal entre los anos de 1989 y 2000. El papel del Parque Natural de Sintra-Cascais (PNSC es evaluado.Los resultados demuestran que, dentro del PNSC, el LUCC presente depende del pasadoinmediato del uso y ocupación del suelo siguiendo un comportamiento Markoviano. Fuera del PNSC, LUCC es aleatorio y no sigue un proceso Markoviano. Estimativas del LUCC para el ano de 2006 son presentadas para el área dentro del PNSC. Estos resultados refuerzan el papel del PNSC como una herramienta indispensable para preservar la estabilidad del LUCC y garantizar sus funciones.

  19. OECD Review of the Secondary School Modernisation Programme in Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blyth, Alastair

    2010-01-01

    On 26 February in Lisbon a team from the OECD's Centre for Effective Learning Environments (CELE) presented its first review of a national school building programme. The school building renovation programme in Portugal, which began in March 2007, involves the renovation of 332 schools by 2015. However, Portugal plans to complete 205 by the end of…

  20. Immigration and Supplementary Ethnic Schooling: Ukrainian Students in Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tereshchenko, Antonina; Grau Cárdenas, Valeska Valentina

    2013-01-01

    Immigration from Eastern European countries to Portugal is a recent phenomenon. Within the last decade, economic migrants from Ukraine, Russia, Romania and Moldova set up a number of supplementary schools across the country. No academic attention has been given to the phenomenon of supplementary ethnic schools in Portugal, whilst there is a…

  1. Por linhas e palavras: o projeto gráfico do livro infantil contemporâneo em Portugal e no Brasil

    OpenAIRE

    Mariana Cortez

    2008-01-01

    O trabalho que se apresenta tem por objetivo investigar a composição gráfica dos livros infantis. O corpus da pesquisa compreende as décadas de 1980 e 1990 e os primeiros anos do século XXI, em Portugal e no Brasil, a partir da seleção dos autores Manuela Bacelar (Portugal) e Roger Mello (Brasil). A escolha do corpus se justifica, pois ambos são, inicialmente, ilustradores para, em seguida, tornarem-se autores com dupla vocação, isto é, produtores de textos verbais e visuais. Além dessa carac...

  2. The determinants of lottery sales in Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaizeler, Maria João; Faustino, Horácio C; Marques, Rafael

    2014-09-01

    In sum, this paper examines the core determinants of lottery sales in Portugal. With panel data analysis covering 18 Portuguese districts and 5 years, this study explains the variations in a district's per-capita lottery sales in terms of key theoretical hypotheses such as per capita district income, age, education index, gender and religion. This paper concludes that the richer Portuguese districts spend more than the poorer districts and there is an inverted-U relationship between lottery sales and per capita income. The paper also concludes that married Catholic citizens spend more on lottery products than others and that the level of education returns a negative effect on lottery spending.

  3. Race, crime, and criminal justice in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Cunha, Manuela Ivone P. da

    2010-01-01

    How is ‘difference’ reflected on crime and the criminal justice system in Portugal? The answers obtained depend on which notions we can translate ‘difference’ into: ‘race’, ‘ethnicity’, ‘foreigners’, ‘immigrants’, ‘minorities’. This, in turn, depends also on whether we focus on statistics, rates, or, from another angle, experiences of crime and of the criminal justice system. Quantitative and qualitative data highlight different but complementary aspects of a same landscape. This paper focus...

  4. A case of imported neurocysticercosis in Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valadas, Emilia; Badura, Robert; Marques, Tiago; Neno, Miguel; Boura, Márcia; Sutre, Ana Filipa; Beato, Sílvia; Grácio, Maria Amélia; Neves, José Cordeiro

    2015-01-15

    Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is the most common cause of acquired epilepsy in resource-poor countries. We report the case of a 24-year-old woman born and residing in Guinea-Bissau, who was transferred to Portugal two months after the onset of a possible meningitis (fever, headache, seizures, and coma) that did not respond to antibiotic treatment. The diagnosis of NCC was confirmed by MR imaging, which showed multiple lesions compatible with cysticercus, and by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) of the cerebrospinal fluid. After 28 days on albendazole and dexamethasone without improvement, she was started on praziquantel, which she completed in six weeks with progressive recovery.

  5. Conscientious objection: reflections for nursing in Portugal

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    Sandra Paço

    Full Text Available Objective: to discuss conscientious objection in nursing, identifying the ethic and legal basis for this decision-making. Methodology: qualitative study in which the methodology used was ethical reflection based on a legal analysis of the laws in question, proceeding to a bibliographical and documentary research Conclusions: Portuguese law and ethical pillars that form the basis of the Code of Ethics of nurses in Portugal defend the freedom of conscience as a professional practice. However, the obligation to protect human life, which imposes the need for coordination between this protection and the exercise of the right to conscientious objection on the part of the nurse, is also clear.

  6. Veiga Ferreira e a Paleontologia em Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Antunes, M. Telles

    2010-01-01

    This communication deals with the less known research activities on Palconlology by Octávio da Veiga Ferreira, since just after he became a member of the staff of the Serviços Geológicos de Portugal. These activities lasted for about 25 years (1951-1975, eventually up to 1987). Besides much field and laboralory work, Veiga Ferreira produced (alone or in collaboration} 38 papers. These concern vertebrates, echinoids, pectens and other molluscs, and malacostraca, as well as some papers of...

  7. Nuclear medicine training and practice in Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vieira, Rosário; Costa, Gracinda

    2013-07-01

    Nuclear medicine in Portugal has been an autonomous speciality since 1984. In order to obtain the title of Nuclear Medicine Specialist, 5 years of training are necessary. The curriculum is very similar to the one approved under the auspices of the European Union of Medical Specialists, namely concerning the minimum recommended number of diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. There is a final assessment, and during the training the resident is in an approved continuing education programme. Departments are accredited by the Medical College in order to verify their capacity to host nuclear medicine residencies.

  8. Sexualidad juvenil y cambio social: el caso de Portugal

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    Machado-Pais José

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Investigar si, dentro de un marco de profundos cambios sociales, las nuevas generaciones estarán creando nuevos valores sociales. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Aplicando el método de las generaciones, se utilizaron datos de una encuesta sobre valores y generaciones, hecho en 1996 a 2 012 individuos residentes en Portugal continental y representativos de la población portuguesa. Recurriendo al programa SPAD (Estadística para análisis de datos, se procedió a un análisis factorial de correspondencias múltiples en conjugación con un análisis de tipo cluster. RESULTADOS: Constatamos que las principales discontinuidades intergeneracionales se presentan en el área de las actitudes y prácticas sexuales. Comprobamos que los grupos y agregados resultantes del análisis tienen índices de sobrerrepresentación de generaciones específicas. Por ejemplo, los encuestados hedonistas se caracterizan por un elevado índice de sobrerrepresentación de jóvenes, en contraste con los inhibidos o los moralistas. CONCLUSIONES: Los jóvenes portugueses aparecen como una generación portadora de valores hedonistas y de carácter experimental en el plano de la vida sexual y amorosa. Sin embargo, se caracterizan al mismo tiempo por su vulnerabilidad a conductas de riesgo.

  9. Estrategia geográfica y fracaso en la reconquista de Portugal por la monarquía hispánica, 1640-1668

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    Lorraine WHITE

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: En un conflicto que duró casi 28 años, los frentes de la Guerra de la Independencia de Portugal de 1640-1668 permanecieron mayormente estáticos. Enfocado en el principal frente de la guerra de Extremadura-Alentej o, este artículo examina la influencia de la estrategia geográfica, tácticas y logísticas de los ejércitos de mayor importancia, y el fracaso final de la Monarquía Católica para reconquistar Portugal.ABSTRACT: In a conflict lasting almost 28 years, the warfronts of the War of Portuguese Independence 1640-68 remained largely static. Focussing on the main warfront of Extremadura-Alentejo, this article examines the influence of strategic geography on the strategy, tactics and logistics of the main armies, and the final failure of the Catholic Monarchy to reconquer Portugal.

  10. Eimeria infections in goats in Southern Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, Liliana Machado Ribeiro da; Vila-Viçosa, Maria João Martins; Nunes, Telmo; Taubert, Anja; Hermosilla, Carlos; Cortes, Helder Carola Espiguinha

    2014-01-01

    Coccidiosis caused by Eimeria species is a major form of intestinal infection affecting intensively and semi-intensively reared goats. The province of Alentejo is the main goat-producing area in Portugal. Therefore, all 15 Serpentina goat farms in Alentejo were analyzed regarding the occurrence and diversity of Eimeria species. Fecal samples obtained from 144 animals (52.1% dairy goats, 47.9% pre-pubertal goats) were examined using the modified McMaster technique to determine the number of oocysts per gram of feces. Eimeria spp. oocysts were present in 98.61% of the fecal samples and, overall, nine different Eimeria species were identified. The most prevalent species were E. ninakohlyakimovae (88%) and E. arloingi (85%), followed by E. alijevi (63%) and E. caprovina (63%). The average number of oocysts shed was significantly lower in dairy goats than in pre-adult animals. Astonishingly, no clinical signs of coccidiosis were observed in any of the animals examined, even though they were shedding high numbers of oocysts and were infected with highly pathogenic species. Thus, implementation of routine diagnostic investigation of the occurrence and diversity of caprine Eimeria species may be a useful tool for determination and better understanding of their potential economic impact on goat herds in southern Portugal.

  11. Sexology in Portugal: Narratives by Portuguese Sexologists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alarcão, Violeta; Beato, Ana; Almeida, Joana; Machado, Fernando Luís; Giami, Alain

    2016-01-01

    This article presents the emergence and development of modern sexology in Portugal through the analysis of Portuguese sexologists' narratives, to explore how they commit to a professional identity as sexologists, and to discuss how they integrate their professional role into the vast multidisciplinary field of sexology. In-depth interviews were conducted with 44 key professionals, purposefully recruited to guarantee heterogeneity concerning generation, gender, training, and practice. Content analysis focused on highlighting differences and articulations among the main professionals making up the field. The findings indicate that sexology is not seen as a full-fledged profession but rather as a specialization or a secondary field of action. The sexual medicine perspective is prevalent and more visible among physicians, thus reflecting the gap between psychosocial and biomedical approaches. A close link between clinical work and research and a gap between clinical work and health promotion were found. Despite the multidisciplinary nature of sexology being acknowledged, it is not fully implemented by the experts in the field. However, it is this characteristic that permitted sexology to institutionalize and to legitimate itself as a discourse of truth about sex, in Portugal as in other countries.

  12. Developments in Public Accounting in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria José da Silva Fernandes

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available In Portugal we are assisting, since the nineties, to the reform of all public accounting, having as main innovations the utilization of double entry system and the obligatoryness to implement three accounting systems: budget accounting, patrimonial and cost accounting. In the systems of patrimonial and cost accounting, it will be used the accrual systems. The publication of the first Public Accounting Plan (POCP in 1997 identifies the change from a traditional public accounting, which main objective was the execution and budgetary control to a modern public accounting with economical, financial and patrimonial information that serves as basis to the decision making and to the evaluation of public entities concerning the efficient, effective utilization and economy of the public resources, contributing, this way, to the implementation of the New Public Management. The objective of this work has two perspectives: to describe and analyze the situation in Portugal concerning the public accounting reform and to present some results consequent to twelve years of implementation.

  13. Regional innovation systems in Portugal: a critical evaluation

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    Domingos Santos

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available La innovación ha pasado a primer plano en la política regional en las tres últimas décadas. Las políticas públicas han sido diseñadas por los «modelos de mejores prácticas» derivadas de las zonas urbano-metropolitanas de alta tecnología y regiones exitosas. Sin embargo, las lecciones aprendidas de estos ejemplos son raramente transferibles a otras partes. Los sistemas regionales de innovación en las regiones periféricas, y la posibilidad de su actuación como instrumentos de competitividad territorial, rara vez han sido objeto de discusión. El objetivo principal del artículo es, precisamente, tener a Portugal como un ejemplo para enriquecer este análisis. En la primera parte de este artículo se examina el concepto de sistemas de innovación regional en el contexto de las modernas teorías de la innovación y de las políticas regionales. Se argumenta que el papel del aprendizaje localizado es de importancia estratégica en la promoción del desarrollo regional endógeno. Luego, los autores discuten las barreras estructurales y oportunidades para promover estrategias regionales de innovación en el contexto político, económico y social portugués, y, por último, se señalan algunas especificidades que deben ser abordadas en el rediseño de las intervenciones públicas con el fin de mejorar la competitividad regional y la sostenibilidad.

  14. Post-fire vegetation dynamics in Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gouveia, C.; Dacamara, C. C.; Trigo, R. M.

    2009-04-01

    The number of fires and the extent of the burned surface in Mediterranean Europe have increased significantly during the last three decades. This may be due either to modifications in land-use (e.g. land abandonment and fuel accumulation) or to climatic changes (e.g. reduction of fuel humidity), both factors leading to an increase of fire risk and fire spread. As in the Mediterranean ecosystems, fires in Portugal have an intricate effect on vegetation regeneration due to the complexity of landscape structures as well as to the different responses of vegetation to the variety of fire regimes. A thorough evaluation of vegetation recovery after fire events becomes therefore crucial in land management. In the above mentioned context remote sensing plays an important role because of its ability to monitor and characterise post-fire vegetation dynamics. A number of fire recovery studies, based on remote sensing, have been conducted in regions characterised by Mediterranean climates and the use of NDVI to monitor plant regeneration after fire events was successfully tested (Díaz-Delgado et al., 1998). In particular, several studies have shown that rapid regeneration occurs within the first 2 years after the fire occurrences, with distinct recovery rates according to the geographical facing of the slopes (Pausas and Vallejo, 1999). In 2003 Portugal was hit by the most devastating sequence of large fires, responsible by a total burnt area of 450 000 ha (including 280 000 ha of forest), representing about 5% of the Portuguese mainland (Trigo et al., 2006). The aim of the present work is to assess and monitor the vegetation behaviour over Portugal following the 2003 fire episodes. For this purpose we have used the regional fields of the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) as obtained from the VEGETATION-SPOT5 instrument, from 1999 to 2008. We developed a methodology to identify large burnt scars in Portugal for the 2003 fire season. The vegetation dynamics was then

  15. High altitude Chironomidae (Diptera of Serra da Estrela (Portugal: Additions to the Portuguese and Iberian Peninsula fauna

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    Rieradevall, M.

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available A Chironomidae (Diptera fauna list for headwater streams of high altitude areas in Serra da Estrela (Portugal is presented, doubling the previously established species richness for the region. The findings include 17 new records for Portugal, which represent an increase to 219 species for the Continental Portugal Chironomidae fauna. Two new records were detected for the Iberian Peninsula: one species (Tvetenia duodenaria, and one subgenus –Psectrocladius (Mesopsectrocladius–; and the presence of the genus Natarsia is confirmed. The last two occurrences correspond to monoespecific taxa of the Palearctic region. However, as taxonomic identification has been based on larval material, instead of pupae, pupal exuviae or imagoes, species level assignment is still uncertain.

    Se presenta una lista de especies de Chironomidae (Diptera recolectadas en los ríos de cabecera de zonas de alta montaña en la Serra da Estrela (Portugal. Con esta aportación se duplica la riqueza de especies regional conocida hasta el momento y se eleva la fauna de quironómidos del Portugal continental a 219 especies. Se incluyen dos nuevas citas para la Península Ibérica, una especie (Tvetenia duodenaria y un subgénero –Psectrocladius (Mesopsectrocladius–, y se confirma la presencia del género Natarsia. En los dos últimos casos se trata de larvas de taxones hasta el momento monoespecíficos en la región paleárctica, pero al no haberse recolectado pupas o adultos no se puede asegurar la identificación específica.

  16. CHINESE ENTREPRENEURIAL ACTIVITY IN PORTUGAL: TRADITIONAL ETHNIC STRATEGIES?

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    Catarina Reis Oliveira

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available In Portugal in recent decades, just like in other welcoming countries, immigrants have reached levels of entrepreneurial activity that are higher than those of autochthonous citizens. However, a deeper analysis of the official data shows that not all immigrant groups have the same tendency to become entrepreneurs. In this respect, the Chinese stand out as being the group with the highest ratio of entrepreneurial activity in Portugal, despite the fact that their migration is a relatively recent phenomenon. What factors can explain the Chinese community’s disproportionate rate of entrepreneurial initiative? Do they possess any particular resources that make them more enterprising than the autochthonous population, or than other groups of immigrants? Does the context of Portugal hamper certain opportunities or in some way limit their economic integration into the job market? Do we find similar business strategies among other Chinese entrepreneurs residing in welcoming societies apart from that of Portugal? Why did Chinese business initiative grow at such an exceptional rate in Portugal in the late 1990s? By seeking answers to these questions, this article attempts to examine Chinese business strategies in Portugal, as well as their exceptional success rate in comparison with other entrepreneurial immigrants. To that end, the author has analysed the data gathered in a survey carried out on 309 Chinese entrepreneurs resident in Portugal (see Oliveira, 2005.

  17. Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis in Portugal: A Multicentre Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Correia, Ana Sofia; Augusto, Luís; Meireles, Joana; Pinto, Joana; Sousa, Ana Paula

    2016-08-01

    Introdução: A esclerose múltipla é habitualmente diagnosticada em adultos jovens mas, mais raramente, pode manifestar-se durante a infância ou adolescência. Os dados sobre a esclerose múltipla pediátrica em Portugal são escassos. O objectivo principal deste estudo é a avaliação das características demográficas, clínicas, laboratoriais e neurorradiológicas da esclerose múltipla de início em idade pediátrica em Portugal. Os objetivos secundários consistem na comparação entre a esclerose múltipla de início na infância e a esclerose múltipla de início na adolescência e na caracterização dos tratamentos prescritos. Material e Métodos: Realizou-se um estudo retrospectivo, observacional e multicêntrico, que consistiu na análise dos dados de todos os doentes com apresentação da EM antes dos 18 anos. Resultados: Incluíram-se 46 doentes (72% do sexo feminino), com uma idade média de diagnóstico de 16,1 anos. Seis casos tiveram início na infância, 40 na adolescência. A esclerose múltipla apresentou-se em 98% dos casos com a forma surto-remissão. O estudo do líquor revelou bandas oligoclonais em 74% dos doentes. A ressonância magnética encefálica mostrou predominantemente lesões supratentoriais (98% dos casos), enquanto que a ressonância medular revelou que o segmento cervical foi o mais frequentemente afectado. Todos os doentes iniciaram terapêutica imunomoduladora (75% com interferão β). Relativamente às diferenças entre os dois grupos etários, encontrámos uma maior proporção de doentes do sexo masculino e com pleocitose no grupo com apresentação na infância. Discussão: Este trabalho fornece novos dados sobre as características da esclerose múltipla pediátrica em Portugal e os resultados são semelhantes aos reportados em outras partes do mundo. Conclusão: Este é o primeiro estudo multicêntrico português sobre a esclerose múltipla com apresentação na infância e adolescência. Mais estudos são necess

  18. Sexualidad juvenil y cambio social: el caso de Portugal Youth sexuality and social change: the case of Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Machado-Pais

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Investigar si, dentro de un marco de profundos cambios sociales, las nuevas generaciones estarán creando nuevos valores sociales. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Aplicando el método de las generaciones, se utilizaron datos de una encuesta sobre valores y generaciones, hecho en 1996 a 2 012 individuos residentes en Portugal continental y representativos de la población portuguesa. Recurriendo al programa SPAD (Estadística para análisis de datos, se procedió a un análisis factorial de correspondencias múltiples en conjugación con un análisis de tipo cluster. RESULTADOS: Constatamos que las principales discontinuidades intergeneracionales se presentan en el área de las actitudes y prácticas sexuales. Comprobamos que los grupos y agregados resultantes del análisis tienen índices de sobrerrepresentación de generaciones específicas. Por ejemplo, los encuestados hedonistas se caracterizan por un elevado índice de sobrerrepresentación de jóvenes, en contraste con los inhibidos o los moralistas. CONCLUSIONES: Los jóvenes portugueses aparecen como una generación portadora de valores hedonistas y de carácter experimental en el plano de la vida sexual y amorosa. Sin embargo, se caracterizan al mismo tiempo por su vulnerabilidad a conductas de riesgo.OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the new generations are creating new social values in the current setting of deep social change. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Using the generations method (Mannheim, a survey was conducted in 1996, among 2 012 residents of Portugal, to collect data on values and generations of the Portuguese population. The SPAD statistical analysis program was used to perform a multiple correspondence factorial analysis, in addition to a cluster-type analysis. RESULTS: The main generational gaps were found in sexual attitudes and practices. Findings showed that groups and aggregates have overrepresentation indices for specific generations, e.g., hedonistic interviewees are

  19. Las Universidades Libres y Populares en Portugal y el problema de la cultura popular

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    Rogério FERNANDES

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available El movimiento de las Universidades Libres y Populares en Portugal no está debidamente estudiado a pesar de su importancia para la historia social y para la historia de la educación. No disponemos aún de un análisis de conjunto con la necesaria profundidad que nos permita medir la evolución de sus unidades, la acción desarrollada por ellas y el significado del papel que desempeñaron en relación con la cultura popular. En el estudio ahora presentado, se intenta caracterizar cada una de las Universidades Populares o Libres que se crearon en Portugal desde finales del siglo XIX y diseñar la trayectoria cultural y política de cada una de ellas, privilegiando las más importantes. En este marco, se intenta lanzar una mirada crítica sobre las principales Universidades del norte y centro del país, localizadas en Oporto, en Lisboa, Setúbal y Coímbra, intentando caracterizar su orientación políticoideológica, sus objetivos pedagógicos y culturales, los medios a que recurrieron y la identidad política de sus promotores.

  20. A Imagem do Brasil no Exterior e o Turismo: A Operacionalização do Plano Aquarela em Portugal

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    Mariana Selister Gomes

    2012-12-01

    Instituto Brasileiro de Turismo - Ministério do Turismo do Brasil, e seu impacto em Portugal. A metodologia utilizada foi a análise de práticas discursivas (FOUCAULT, 1986, 2004, 2008. A coleta de dados incluiu entrevistas e análise do documento Plano Aquarela e peças publicitárias. O problema de pesquisa foi identificar como marketing turístico contribuiu para um reposicionamento da imagem do Brasil no mundo, analisando o caso de Portugal. Os resultados mostram que o Brasil não quer mostrar-se como um destino exótico-erótico, mas como um país emergente e moderno, com suas peculiaridades na brasilidade.

  1. Mulleres, educación e mercado de traballo : comparativa entre Grecia, Italia e Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Pallín Arias, Óscar

    2016-01-01

    Traballo Fin de Grao en Economía Este traballo céntrase na relación existente entre o nivel educativo das mulleres e a súa participación no mercado laboral. A análise lévase a cabo mediante modelos econométricos para tres países do sur de Europa como son Grecia, Italia e Portugal, incluídos no réxime de benestar mediterráneo. Para elo terase en conta, de xeito separado, a porcentaxe de mulleres con estudos de nivel secundario ou terciario, e por outra banda só a porcentaxe de mulleres con ...

  2. Caracterização clínica e bioquímica das doenças mitocondriais na criança: contribuição para o estudo epidemiológico na Região Centro de Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Matos, Luísa Maria de Abreu Freire Diogo

    2010-01-01

    Tese de doutoramento em Ciências da Saúde, ramo de Medicina (Ciências Bioquímica - Bioquímica), apresentada à Fac. de Medicina da Universidade de Coimbra Neste trabalho analisou-se a clínica, o diagnóstico, o prognóstico e a epidemiologia das doenças da cadeia respiratória mitocondrial (doença mitocondrial) em crianças na Região Centro de Portugal, uma década após o início do diagnóstico sistemático destas doenças no Hospital Pediátrico de Coimbra, em colaboração com o Laboratório de Bioqu...

  3. Financial Report on the Internet in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Raquel Pinto Alves

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available In the last decade, the advances in communication and information technologies dramaticallychanged the information flow and our notions of time and space. The Internet has been changingthe information policy of companies world-wide. Basically in all developed countries,companies are increasingly using the Internet to provide their financial information. Thisresearch presents an empirical study aiming to analyze the organization and informationprovided on the financial report of the 250 most profitable companies in Portugal, particularlytheir financial statements published on the Internet. After the observation and in-depth analysisof the websites of the above-mentioned companies, for the year 2002, it was concluded that 119companies (48% had a webpage on the internet. In what concerns the disclosure of financialinformation, only 51 (43% out of the 119 companies had some kind of financial informationstated on their websites.

  4. Psicólogos(as escolares, diversidade sexual e escola: um estudo Brasil/Portugal

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    Carmedite Silva

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo apresenta dados preliminares de pesquisa qualitativa/exploratória realizada entre dezembro de 2013 e março de 2014, no âmbito do doutorado em curso na Universidade de Lisboa/Portugal. Teve objetivo de caracterizar a atuação de Psicólogas (os escolares no Brasil e Portugal frente às questões relativas à diversidade sexual no contexto escolar. Para tanto, utilizou-se a entrevista semiestruturada como técnica de coleta de dados. Através da Análise de Conteúdo, os resultados apontam que, embora as participantes ressaltem a importante contribuição da Psicologia para a superação de preconceitos e discriminações ainda persistentes no espaço escolar, situações dificultam a atuação: falta de autonomia para propor intervenções devido a pouca importância dada pela escola em relação a problematizações de temas ligados à questão; as inúmeras demandas da escola; não se sentem suficientemente preparadas devido a pouca ou nenhuma informação recebida ao longo da formação universitária e suas próprias crenças e valores. Daí decorre a importância de pesquisas que possam contribuir para a sensibilização de psicólogas (os sobre às questões relativas à diversidade sexual e os efeitos destas na constituição dos sujeitos notadamente no espaço escolar onde são relatadas situações de discriminações e preconceitos.

  5. Emprego flexível em Portugal

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    Kovács Ilona

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo, baseado nalguns dos resultados de um projecto de investigação em curso, tem por objectivo analisar a difusão do emprego flexível em Portugal e mostrar a sua diversidade. A difusão de formas flexíveis de emprego insere-se nos processos de reestruturação produtiva e flexibilização do mercado de trabalho no contexto da intensificação da concorrência na economia global. Recorrendo a dados estatísticos procede-se a uma análise da difusão e da evolução de algumas das formas mais relevantes de emprego flexível em Portugal, tais como o trabalho com contratos de duração determinada, o trabalho temporário, o trabalho independente e o trabalho a tempo parcial. Os trabalhadores com emprego flexível têm níveis de satisfação bastante inferiores aos dos trabalhadores com emprego estável. No entanto, o emprego flexível não abrange situações de emprego homogéneas, mas situações muito diversificadas que são apresentadas através de uma tipologia de situações de emprego flexível e uma tipologia de trajectórias profissionais.

  6. Portugal’s Laboratorio National de Engenharia Civil,

    Science.gov (United States)

    The civil engineering program of Portugal’s Laboratorio National de Engenharia Civil is described, with emphasis on recent trends within the Hydraulics Department’s coastal engineering unit.

  7. KLIMHIST: A Project on Historical Climatology in Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fragoso, Marcelo; João Alcoforado, Maria; Santos, João A.

    2013-04-01

    Climatic variability from the beginning of regular meteorological observations is now acknowledged. However, climate change prior to 1900 is far from being well known in Portugal, except for the 1675-1800 period in Southern Portugal. An interdisciplinary team is working in the frame of the KLIMHIST PROJECT ("Reconstruction and model simulations of past climate in Portugal using documentary and early instrumental sources, 17th-19th century)", since May 2012. The main objectives of the project are: (i) to contribute to the creation of a long-term history of climate in Portugal by producing databases of documentary evidence and of instrumental data since 1645, a period of natural climate variability that includes the Maunder Minimum and the Dalton Minimum; (ii) to search systematically for the first simultaneous documentary and instrumental data in order to calibrate the series; (iii) to analyse simulated multi-decadal trends over Portugal generated by climate models; (iv) to compare results with those obtained from dendroclimatology and from geothermal studies regarding Portugal and (v) to study extreme events of the past, their impacts and the vulnerability of societies to weather during the last 350 years, and compare them with current analogues. With these tasks, we expect to help completing the spatial coverage of past European climate, as the data gap over SW Europe is often mentioned. As the team members come from four different Universities in Portugal (Évora, Lisbon, Oporto and UTAD), we expect to obtain a good spatial representation of documentary evidence. Teams are now progressing in data search activities in archives. An Access database frame was constructed. Some 18th century extreme events have been and are being studied (Barbara storm, Dec.1739, among others). The first workshop took place in Lisbon (October 2012): Prof Brázdil and Dr. Domínguez-Castro (two of our consultants) were keynote speakers. Key-words: Climate reconstruction, Documentary

  8. Strategic partnerships of the renewable energy firms in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Salavisa, I.; C. Sousa; Calapez, T.

    2016-01-01

    This paper focuses on the strategic partnerships established by firms operating in the renewable energy technologies sector in Portugal. The analysis aims at contributing to deepen the knowledge about the types and forms of partnerships in the renewables sector. The goal is to uncover the factors which explain the success of these partnerships and draw conclusions on the way they contributed to building a renewables cluster in Portugal.

  9. Zika virus infections imported from Brazil to Portugal, 2015

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    L. Zé-Zé

    2016-01-01

    Here, we present the clinical and laboratory aspects related to the first four imported human cases of Zika virus in Portugal from Brazil, and alert, regarding the high level of traveling between Portugal and Brazil, and the ongoing expansion of this virus in the Americas, for the threat for Zika virus introduction in Europe and the possible introduction to Madeira Island where Aedes aegypti is present.

  10. Cartografia da vulnerabilidade socioambiental: convergências e divergências a partir de algumas experiências em Portugal e no Brasil Cartography of the socio-environmental vulnerability: convergences and differences from some experiences in Portugal and Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Isabel Castreghini Freitas

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Com este estudo, buscamos contextualizar o tema vulnerabilidade socioambiental no cenário mundial, destacando similaridades e discrepâncias nas suas concepções em Portugal e no Brasil. Na literatura que trata de vulnerabilidade já está consagrada a contribuição das Geotecnologias e do seu potencial para a modelagem de aspectos físicos e socioeconômicos, para a prevenção, mitigação e enfrentamento de manifestações de riscos, sejam eles naturais, tecnológicos ou mistos. Este artigo tem como objetivo discutir os referenciais metodológicos dos estudos de vulnerabilidade, bem como os resultados de aplicação na modelagem de dados socioeconômicos e ambientais no contexto da região Centro de Portugal e do estado de São Paulo, Brasil. A metodologia para a análise da vulnerabilidade dessas regiões baseou-se na avaliação quantitativa da capacidade de resistência e de resiliência de populações e de territórios. Os resultados apresentam-se coerentes com as realidades socioambientais das áreas de estudo e refletem a complexidade quando do enfrentamento e recuperação de situações de riscos para o caso de populações e territórios menos providosde condições econômicas e de infraestruturas urbanas, seja no Brasil ou em Portugal.

  11. [Hospital readmissions in Portugal over the last decade].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sousa-Pinto, Bernardo; Gomes, Ana Rita; Oliveira, Andreia; Ivo, Carlos; Costa, Gustavo; Ramos, João; Silva, Joel; Carneiro, Maria Carolina; Domingues, Maria João; Cunha, Maria João; Costa-Pereira, Altamiro Da; Freitas, Alberto

    2013-01-01

    Introdução: Os reinternamentos hospitalares estão associados a um incremento das despesas com a saúde e da mortalidade intrahospitalar. Neste trabalho, pretende-se caracterizar os reinternamentos hospitalares não-planeados, ocorridos num período de 30 dias após alta, de acordo com a sua Grande Categoria Diagnóstica, contexto hospitalar e características demográficas dos utentes, bem como estimar as taxas de mortalidade associadas. Pretende-se também estudar a evolução da taxa de reinternamentos na última década (2000-2008). Procurar-se-á ainda caracterizar os reinternamentos por insuficiência cardíaca.Material e Métodos: Procedeu-se à análise estatística da base de dados de internamentos hospitalares públicos fornecida pelaAutoridade Central do Sistema de Saúde. Recorreu-se aos testes do qui-quadrado e de tendência para comparação de taxas dereinternamentos.Resultados: Das 5 514 331 hospitalizações não-planeadas no período em estudo, 4,1% corresponderam a reinternamentos hospitalares. Entre 2000 e 2008, a taxa de reinternamentos hospitalares aumentou continuamente de 3,0% para 4,7%. A mortalidade hospitalar foi significativamente maior entre os episódios de reinternamento (9,5%) do que nos restantes episódios (5,6%), p < 0,001. A taxa de reinternamentos foi significativamente maior em homens (4,5% versus 3,9% nas mulheres, p < 0,001) e doentes mais velhos (2,6% nas crianças e 5,3% nos idosos), sendo menor na região de Lisboa (2,7%) e nos hospitais centrais (3,0%, p < 0,001). Para os episódios de insuficiência cardíaca, foi obtida uma taxa de reinternamentos de 6,7%.Discussão e Conclusão: Em termos gerais, as diferenças encontradas são similares às descritas noutros Países Ocidentais. Os episódios de reinternamento, cujas taxas têm vindo a aumentar em Portugal, estão associados a maior mortalidade intra-hospitalar.

  12. Fronteras de aire. Portugal, León y Castilla en el siglo XIII

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    Romero Portilla, Paz

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Studied documents illustrate a close link between the kingdom of Portugal and the kingdoms of Castile and Leon in the 13th century. They demonstrate a diplomatic tradition that tended to guarantee a balance of power between them in spite of events that would eventually divide them, such as the union of Castile and Leon. This century was a difficult one for the three kingdoms due to wars, child monarchs, problems with the nobility, territorial and border consolidation, etc. Nevertheless, aspects related to history, geography, society, family, the economy and the church, well reflected in these documents were without doubt, a driving force behind the unique relationship between the kingdoms. A preliminary glance at these documents illustrates the issues that both united and separated Portugal with Leon and Castile at the height of the medieval period.La documentación estudiada refl eja una estrecha vinculación del reino de Portugal con León y Castilla en el siglo XIII. Nos muestra una trayectoria diplomática que tiende a garantizar el equilibrio entre los reinos peninsulares, a pesar de acontecimientos que lo rompen, como la unión de Castilla y León. Difícil siglo para los tres reinos debido a guerras, minorías de edad, problemas con la nobleza, afianzamiento territorial y fronterizo, etc. Pero aspectos históricos, geográficos, sociales, familiares, económicos y eclesiásticos, bien reflejados en los documentos, motivaron, sin duda, una especial relación entre los reinos. Un primer acercamiento a la documentación nos ha evidenciado cuáles fueron los asuntos que vincularon y separaron a Portugal de León y Castilla en la plenitud medieval. [gl] A documentación estudada reflicte unha estreita vinculación do reino de Portugal con León e Castela no século XIII. Móstranos unha traxectoria diplomática que tende a garantir o equilibrio entre os reinos peninsulares, a pesar de acontecementos que o rompen, como a unión de Castela e Le

  13. [Pharmacy Medicines Not Subject to Medical Prescription in Portugal: An Underused Access Opportunity?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martins, Ana Paula; Gonçalves, Elizabete; Marcelo, Ana; Vilão, Sergio; Aranda Silva, José

    2016-09-01

    Introdução: Em 2013 foi introduzida em Portugal a classificação quanto à dispensa de medicamentos não sujeitos a receita médica de dispensa exclusiva em farmácia, uma subclassificação dos medicamentos não sujeitos a receita médica. A existência desta classificação de medicamentos promove a acessibilidade aos medicamentos, garantindo a eficácia e a segurança na sua utilização, com benefícios para a saúde pública. O presente artigo analisa os medicamentos classificados como medicamentos não sujeitos a receita médica de dispensa exclusiva em farmácia ou com classificação equivalente em sete países europeus, Reino Unido, Dinamarca, Suécia, Noruega, Itália, República Checa e Portugal, e propõe uma lista preliminar das denominações comuns internacionais/ medicamentos que reúnem características que justificariam a sua classificação, em Portugal, como medicamentos não sujeitos a receita médica de dispensa exclusiva em farmácia. Material e Métodos: Para a seleção efetuada, foram analisadas, no universo dos medicamentos autorizados nos países em estudo denominações comuns internacionais/ apresentações que, em pelo menos num dos países considerados, se encontram classificadascomo medicamentos não sujeitos a receita médica de dispensa exclusiva em farmácia ou categoria equivalente, e/ou têm a classificação de medicamentos sujeitos a receita médica em Portugal e medicamentos não sujeitos a receita médica em algum dos países considerados.Resultados: A lista preliminar obtida continha 271 denominações comuns internacionais /apresentações diferentes. Cerca de 19% das denominações comuns internacionais selecionadas não possuíam uma autorização de introdução no mercado válida em Portugal e a maioria (42%) encontra-se classificada em Portugal como medicamentos não sujeitos a receita médica, uma percentagem menor (35%) como medicamentos sujeitos a receita médica, e apenas 4% como medicamentos n

  14. Seasonal precipitation extreme indices in mainland Portugal: trends and variability in the period 1941-2007

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santo, Fátima E.; Ramos, Alexandre M.; de Lima, M. Isabel P.; Trigo, Ricardo M.

    2013-04-01

    Changes in the precipitation regimes are expected to be accompanied by variations in the occurrence of extreme events, which in turn could be related to low frequency variability. The impact on the society and environment requires that the regional specificities are understood. For mainland Portugal, this work reports the results of the analysis of trends in selected precipitation indices calculated from daily precipitation data from 57 meteorological stations, recorded in the period 1941-2007; additionally we have also investigated the correlations between these indices and several modes of low frequency variability over the area. We focus on exploring regional differences and seasonal variations in the intensity, frequency and duration of extreme precipitation events. The precipitation indices were assessed at the seasonal scale and calculated at both the station and regional scales. Results sometimes highlight marked changes in seasonal precipitation and show that: i) trends in spring and autumn have opposite signals: statistically significant drying trends in the spring are accompanied by a reduction in precipitation extremes; in autumn, wetting trends are detected for all precipitation indices, although overall they are not significant at the 5% level; ii) there seems to be a tendency for a reduction in the duration of the rainy season; iii) the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) is the mode of variability that has the highest influence on precipitation extremes over mainland Portugal, particularly in the winter and autumn, and is one of the most important teleconnection patterns in all seasons. This work was partially supported by FEDER (Fundo Europeu de Desenvolvimento Regional) funds through the COMPETE (Programa Operacional Factores de Competitividade) and by national funds through FCT (Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, Portugal) through project STORMEx FCOMP-01-0124-FEDER-019524 (PTDC/AAC-CLI/121339/2010).

  15. A Política de Quotas em Portugal: O papel dos partidos políticos e do feminismo de Estado

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    Rosa Monteiro

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available A designada Lei da Paridade representa um marco importantíssimo na promoção da igualdade de mulheres e homens em Portugal. A sua relevância advém de vários factores, dentre os quais se destaca o seu impacto num sistema eleitoral que a inércia do sistema político-partidário tem sido incapaz de alterar. Na análise do surgimento das políticas de quotas em Portugal, o papel do principal mecanismo oficial para a igualdade, ou seja, da Comissão para a Cidadania e a Igualdade de Género, e das suas redes não tem sido estudado. Ora, como refere Mona Lena Krook, esforços para aumentar o número de mulheres em cargos políticos raramente acontecem na ausência de mobilização de mulheres. Adoptando a abordagem do feminismo de Estado, exploro aqui o papel da Comissão como uma entidade decisiva na apresentação das reivindicações feministas perante o Estado, um papel que tem sido sistematicamente ignorado, e explicito a forma como este mecanismo e as associações de mulheres em seu torno contribuíram para a promoção da agenda da participação das mulheres na política em Portugal.

  16. Sun, Sand, Sea & Bikini. Arquitectura e turismo: Portugal anos 60

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    Susana Lobo

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available “Anos de Ruptura”, a década de 1960 marca, em Portugal, um importante ponto de viragem na transição para a democracia. A “derrota” de Humberto Delgado nas eleições presidenciais de 1958, o deflagrar da Guerra Colonial, o crescente êxodo rural e a emigração económica e política, as lutas estudantis, o Marcelismo e a abertura ao investimento exterior, assim como a generalização de importantes benefícios sociais, como o direito a férias pagas, testemunham profundas transformações na sociedade portuguesa, com inevitáveis repercussões na organização do território. A par da suburbanização dos principais centros populacionais do país, o advento de um turismo de massas será o principal motor dessa nova ordem espacial, assistindo‑se ao ensaio de novos modelos urbanísticos e arquitectónicos que iriam revolucionar o panorama disciplinar nacional. É sobre o impacto do fenómeno turístico na actividade dos arquitectos portugueses e, consequentemente, na sua relação com a sociedade e os mecanismos de produção capitalista dos anos sessenta que o presente artigo se propõe reflectir, na perspectiva de relançar o debate, então adiado, acerca das implicações físicas e culturais do lazer na colonização da paisagem.

  17. OS RANKINGS DAS ESCOLAS EM PORTUGAL: EXPLORANDO ALGUNS DOS SEUS EFEITOS. SCHOOL RANKINGS IN PORTUGAL: EXPLORING SOME OF THEIR EFFECTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martins, Maria Fernanda Santos

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available No presente artigo reflectimos sobre alguns dos efeitos da publicação dos rankings na acção organizacional dos actores educativos da escola pública, nomeadamente em Portugal. Tendo em consideração que os efeitos dos rankings podem não ser lineares nem uniformes (PINTO, 2009, procuramos problematizar se os referidos rankings induzem efeitos de quase-mercado educacional. Para o desenvolvimento desta discussão, tomamos por base um estudo por nós realizado (no ano lectivo 2006/2007, junto de professores, dirigentes escolares, alunos e pais de uma escola localizada numa cidade do Douro Litoral. O quadro teórico-conceptual que sustenta a interpretação dos dados obtidos provém de diferentes abordagens conceptuais, embora de forma articulada. Por um lado, mobiliza-se conceitos da sociologia da educação crítica e, por outro, da sociologia das organizações educativas. A partir daqui, podemos afirmar que os rankings, ainda que não de modo exclusivo, contribuem para a emergência de processos de selecção social e académica dos alunos e de concorrência entre escolas; neste último caso, ganha expressão situações que classificamos como estratégias de promoção da escola e de fabricações (BALL, 2002. Práticas essas que enquadramos na imagem de escola enquanto organização de tipo organicista.In this article we have taken into account some of the effects of the publishing of the rankings on the organizational action of the public school educational actors, namely in Portugal. Bearing in mind the fact that the effects of the rankings may neither be lineal nor uniform (PINTO, 2009, we attempt to question whether the referred rankings produce educational quasi-market effects. To further this discussion, we based ourselves on a study (during the school year 2006/2007 conducted by us on teachers, school administration, students and parents in a school in a city belonging to the area of Douro Litoral.The theoretical-conceptual frame

  18. Propostas para o estudo dos protestantismos ibéricos

    OpenAIRE

    Afonso, José António

    2004-01-01

    A propósito da edição da obra “Las minorias religiosas en España y Portugal: passado y presente”, número monográfico da revista “Anales de Historia Contemporanea” (Universidade de Múrcia), o Autor elenca algumas propostas para o estudo dos protestantismos ibéricos.

  19. From and to Portugal. The circulation of nobles in Medieval Hispania (12th-15th centuries

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    de Sotto Mayor Pizarro, José Augusto

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The analysis of the circulation of nobles among the various peninsular realms, from the 12th to the 15th century, can be an excellent and helpful observatory to a better understanding of the evolution of nobiliary and regal powers, as well as the links between them, in a period marked by the gradual affirmation of national monarchies. Besides these issues, and with a special emphasis on the relationship between Portugal and Castille, it can be of great interest to verify until when, to the nobility, the links of blood and the interest of lineage were superposed to the growing importance of the definition of the political frontiers in medieval Hispania.[pt] A análise da circulação de nobres entre os diferentes reinos peninsulares, desde o século XII até ao século XV, poderá revelar-se um excelente observatório para se compreender melhor, quer a evolução dos poderes nobiliárquico e régio quer a forma como ambos se articularam, num período marcado pela gradual afirmação das monarquias nacionais. Para além destas questões, e com um enfoque especial nas relações entre Portugal e Castela, poderá ser muito interessante verificar até quando, para a nobreza, os laços de parentesco e os interesses das linhagens se sobrepuseram à cada vez maior definição das fronteiras políticas dentro da Hispânia medieval.

  20. O crowdfunding como financiamento do jornalismo de investigação em Portugal

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    Ana Maria Fonseca

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo analiza el crowdfunding aplicado al periodismo de investigación como alternativa a los modelos tradicionales de financiación periodística en Portugal. El principal objetivo es inferir acerca de las potencialidades de desarrollo del crowdfunding como financiación del periodismo de investigación portugués. Para ello, con base en investigación empírica, se contextualiza el crowdfunding, se analizan las causas y las consecuencias del descenso pronunciado del periodismo de investigación portugués, así como sus impactos, y se analiza, basándose en la metodología estudio de caso, una plataforma portuguesa dedicada a recibir proyectos periodísticos. Como principales resultados, se destacan la aún incipiente capacidad emprendedora de los periodistas en Portugal y la necesidad futura de que sus programas curriculares en la educación superior en este país incluyan unidades curriculares de economía y de emprendimiento en su formación académica en el nivel de licenciatura, maestría y doctorado, a fin de aumentar el potencial emprendedor del periodista en la actualidad y de desarrollar el periodismo de investigación.

  1. [Characterization and Evolution of Avoidable Admissions in Portugal: The Impact of Two Methodologic Approaches].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarmento, João; Alves, Conceição; Oliveira, Paula; Sebastião, Rita; Santana, Rui

    2015-01-01

    Introdução: O objectivo deste estudo é avaliar a performance dos sistemas de saúde através dos internamentos evitáveis, dado que estes têm vindo a ganhar importância a nível internacional. Foram utilizadas duas metodologias distintas para a identificação dos internamentos por Ambulatory Care Sensitive Conditions, fazendo uma descrição da realidade e a evolução destes em Portugal. Material e Métodos: Analisámos mais de 12 milhões de internamentos entre 2000 e 2012, utilizando as bases de dados de resumos de alta nacionais. Utilizaram-se duas metodologias de identificação das Ambulatory Care Sensitive Conditions, determinando a sua concordância. Calculámos cenários de melhoria potencial. Resultados: Em 2012, 4,4% e 32,5% dos internamentos por causas médicas seriam evitáveis segundo a metodologia canadiana e espanhola respectivamente. Os internamentos são mais frequentes nas crianças e nos idosos, divergindo as suas causas de acordo com o grupo etário e a metodologia utilizada. A taxa de internamentos no período em análise diminuiu 20% segundo a metodologia canadiana e aumentou 16% segundo a espanhola. Existem agregados regionais de performance acima e abaixo da média nacional. A concord ncia entre as duas metodologias é baixa. Estimaram-se reduções potenciais entre 20,3% e 53,5% dos internamentos.Discussão: Os internamentos evitáveis assumem um volume considerável em Portugal. Apesar de em teoria serem evitáveis a sua eliminação por completo não é uma possibilidade prática, no entanto, o seu estudo possibilita a avaliação e monitorização de resultados e o estabelecimento de prioridades de intervenção. Conclusão: Para uma caracterização mais precisa dos internamentos evitáveis é necessário consensualizar em Portugal a metodologia para a sua identificação.

  2. Cuentos y leyendas de España y Portugal / Spanish-portuguese tales’ collections

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enrique Barcia Mendo

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: En este trabajo presentamos un análisis de las principales colecciones de cuentos populares de Portugal y España y de las características de los movimientos de recolección, clasificación y estudio de las producciones. Presentamos igualmente los antecedentes teóricos que sustentan las actividades de los folcloristas hispanolusos agrupados en las Sociedades del Folklore de finales del siglo XIX, cuyos objetivos y metodología se consideran junto a sus contribuciones fundamentales. También se muestra el grado de fidelidad etnográfica en las versiones de los distintos recolectores de cuentos, así como las características generales de las colecciones. Nos ocupamos asimismo de ofrecer algunas versiones de cuentos de amplia difusión en la península ibérica y procedemos al trabajo comparativo de los cuentos de Portugal y España. Finalmente, y dada nuestra pertenencia a un Departamento de Didáctica de la Lengua y la Literatura, reflexionamos sobre las posibilidades que ofrecen los cuentos populares hispanolusos para ser utilizados en los contextos educativos.Abstract: The current essay shows an analysis of the main fairy tales’ collections from Portugal and Spain, as well as it analyses the characteristics of the movements of collection, classification and study of the literary works. We also show the theoretical backgrounds that maintain the activities of the Spanish-portuguese folklorists assembled in the Folklore Societies of the end of the nineteenth century, whose objectives and methodology are analysed together with their main contributions. It is also shown the ethnographical fidelity degree in the several tales collectors’ versions, as well as the collections’ main features. We also deal with providing several tales’ versions of a wide spreading in the Iberian Peninsula and we go through the comparison between the tales from Portugal and Spain. Finally, and due to our belonging to the Department of Didactics of

  3. Economic analysis of rivaroxaban for the treatment and long-term prevention of venous thromboembolism in Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santos, Isabel Fonseca; Pereira, Sónia; McLeod, Euan; Guillermin, Anne-Laure; Chatzitheofilou, Ismini

    2014-01-01

    Introdução: O tromboembolismo venoso representa uma carga substancial para os sistemas de saúde. O objectivo foi estimar os resultados clínicos e económicos a longo-prazo associados a rivaroxabano relativamente à prática clínica (enoxaparina/varfarina) no tratamento e prevenção secundária de tromboembolismo venoso em Portugal.Material e Métodos: Foi desenvolvido um modelo de Markov baseado nos ensaios clínicos EINSTEIN e dados da literatura para complicações a longo-prazo. Foram avaliados custos e anos de vida ajustados pela qualidade de vida totais e incrementais e rácio custo-efectividade incremental. As indicações trombose venosa profunda e embolismo pulmonar foram analisados separadamente. Adoptou-se a perspectiva da sociedade portuguesa e um horizonte temporal de cinco anos. Aplicou-se uma taxa de actualização de cinco por cento para custos e consequências. Foram desenvolvidas análises de sensibilidade e diversas análises de cenário para avaliação da variação dos resultados em função de determinados pressupostos.Resultados: Rivaroxabano está associado a menores custos na trombose venosa profunda e constitui uma alternativa associada a menores custos e a maior eficácia no tratamento de embolismo pulmonar, relativamente a enoxaparina/varfarina.Discussão: O recurso a um painel de peritos para identificação de alguns recursos e a ausência de utilidades específicas para Portugal constituem as principais limitações.Conclusão: Rivaroxabano constitui uma alternativa eficaz, estando associado a menores custos (para ambas as indicações) e a mais anos de vida ajustados pela qualidade de vida (para embolismo pulmonar) relativamente a enoxaparina/varfarina em Portugal.

  4. Identity Reconfiguration of Immigrants in Portugal

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    Ricardo Vieira

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available The starting point is the principle that there is no immigrant culture, but rather, different ways of living, coexisting and identifying oneself within the cultural worlds that each subject crosses on his or her social path. Here we study Brazilian immigrants in Portugal, working with the first wave (starting at the end of the 1980s and the second wave (at the turn of the 20th to 21st century. We intend, firstly, to show how identity is reconstructed between two banks: the departure culture and the arrival culture. Secondly, we intend to give a voice to the most silent in the understanding of immigrants: the process of identity reconstruction of Brazilian immigrants is presented, resulting from ethno-biographic interviews. We will consider the cultural transfusion theory and observe the heterogeneous ways of living between cultures, whether by rejecting the departure culture (the Oblato‘s case, refusing the arrival one at a given moment (the mono-cultural subject according to the source culture, living in an ambivalent manner between the two (the multicultural self, or, finally, inventing a third bank, as the poets say, which corresponds to an attitude of including the cultural differences through which one crosses during his or her life history in an intercultural self (the Intercultural Transfuga.

  5. Mercury distribution in Douro estuary (Portugal)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ramalhosa, E. [Department of Chemistry, University of Aveiro, 3810-193 Aveiro (Portugal); Pereira, E. [Department of Chemistry, University of Aveiro, 3810-193 Aveiro (Portugal)]. E-mail: eduper@dq.ua.pt; Vale, C. [National Institute for Agronomy and Fishery Research, IPIMAR, Avenida Brasilia, 1449-006 Lisboa (Portugal); Valega, M. [Department of Chemistry, University of Aveiro, 3810-193 Aveiro (Portugal); Monterroso, P. [Department of Chemistry, University of Aveiro, 3810-193 Aveiro (Portugal); Duarte, A.C. [Department of Chemistry, University of Aveiro, 3810-193 Aveiro (Portugal)

    2005-11-15

    Determinations of dissolved reactive and total dissolved mercury, particulate and sedimentary mercury, dissolved organic carbon (DOC), particulate organic carbon (POC) and suspended particulate matter (SPM) have been made in the estuary of river Douro, in northern Portugal. The estuary was stratified by salinity along most of its length, it had low concentrations of SPM, typically <20 mg dm{sup -3}, and concentrations of DOC in the range <1.0-1.8 mg dm{sup -3}. The surface waters had a maximum dissolved concentration of reactive mercury of about 10 ng dm{sup -3}, whereas for the more saline bottom waters it was about 65 ng dm{sup -3}. The surface waters had maximum concentrations of total suspended particulate mercury of {approx}7 {mu}g g{sup -1} and the bottom waters were always <1 {mu}g g{sup -1}. Concentrations of mercury in sediments was low and in the range from 0.06 to 0.18 {mu}g g{sup -1}. The transport of mercury in surface waters was mainly associated with organic-rich particulate matter, while in bottom waters the dissolved phase transport of mercury is more important. Lower particulate organic matter, formation of chlorocomplexes in more saline waters and eventually the presence of colloids appear to explain the difference of mercury partitioning in Douro estuarine waters.

  6. Mercury distribution in Douro estuary (Portugal).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramalhosa, E; Pereira, E; Vale, C; Válega, M; Monterroso, P; Duarte, A C

    2005-11-01

    Determinations of dissolved reactive and total dissolved mercury, particulate and sedimentary mercury, dissolved organic carbon (DOC), particulate organic carbon (POC) and suspended particulate matter (SPM) have been made in the estuary of river Douro, in northern Portugal. The estuary was stratified by salinity along most of its length, it had low concentrations of SPM, typically <20 mg dm(-3), and concentrations of DOC in the range <1.0-1.8 mg dm(-3). The surface waters had a maximum dissolved concentration of reactive mercury of about 10 ng dm(-3), whereas for the more saline bottom waters it was about 65 ng dm(-3). The surface waters had maximum concentrations of total suspended particulate mercury of approximately 7 microg g(-1) and the bottom waters were always <1 microg g(-1). Concentrations of mercury in sediments was low and in the range from 0.06 to 0.18 microg g(-1). The transport of mercury in surface waters was mainly associated with organic-rich particulate matter, while in bottom waters the dissolved phase transport of mercury is more important. Lower particulate organic matter, formation of chlorocomplexes in more saline waters and eventually the presence of colloids appear to explain the difference of mercury partitioning in Douro estuarine waters.

  7. [Approach and Registry of Anaphylaxis in Portugal].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mota, Inês; Pereira, Ana Margarida; Pereira, Celso; Tomaz, Elza; Ferreira, Manuel Branco; Sabino, Filipa; Coelho, Anabela; Santos, Anabela; Martins, Henrique; Morais-Almeida, Mário

    2015-01-01

    Anaphylaxis has a growing incidence, especially in children. It represents a medical emergency and its successful therapy depends on early and proper intervention. Intramuscular epinephrine, with dose adjustment according to weight and age, is the drug of choice for anaphylaxis treatment. After resolution of the acute reaction, the patient should be kept under clinical surveillance for 6 to 24 hours, due to possible biphasic reactions. Prescription of an epinephrine auto injectable device should be considered in all patients with diagnosed or suspected anaphylaxis; additionally these patients should always be referred to an Immunoallergy consultation, to perform adequate investigation and management in order to reduce future risk. All anaphylaxis episodes must be recorded in The Portuguese Catalogue of Allergies and other Adverse Reactions (Catálogo Português de Alergias e outras Reações Adversas, CPARA), which represents a fundamental tool to share clinical information within the Health System. The present manuscript intends to disclose the most recent Portuguese guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of anaphylaxis, making its clinical approach more effective and homogeneous, and to promote the use of The Portuguese Catalogue of Allergies and other Adverse Reactions as an essential tool to register and share information on anaphylaxis in Portugal.

  8. King João II of Portugal “O Principe Perfeito” and the Jews (1481-1495

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    Soyer, François

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available King João II (1481-1495 is chiefly remembered in Portuguese historiography as the first “modern” King of Portugal and a monarch who vigorously worked to restore the status of the Portuguese Crown, weakened during the reign of his father Afonso V (1438-1481. In Jewish historiography, however, João II has become infamous for his persecution of the Jews who came to Portugal after their expulsion from Castile in 1492 as well as his order to seize Jewish children from their parents so that they could be converted to Christianity and sent to colonize the Island of São Tomé. Using Hebrew, Spanish and Portuguese sources, this article examines in detail the nature of the relations that existed between João II and the Jews, both those who were natives of Portugal as well as the Jewish exiles from Castile.

    El rey João II es recordado en la historiografía portuguesa principalmente como el primer rey «moderno» de Portugal, y un monarca que trabajó enérgicamente para restaurar el estatus de la Corona, debilitada durante el reinado de su padre Afonso V (1438-1481. Sin embargo, la historiografía judía ha construido una imagen del rey como infame por su persecución de los judíos expulsos llegados de Castilla en 1492, así como por la orden de sustracción de niños judíos a sus progenitores para usarlos en la colonización de la isla de São Tomé. Mediante el uso de fuentes hebreas, hispánicas y portuguesas, este artículo examina de forma detallada la naturaleza de las relaciones existentes entre João II y los judíos, tanto de los que eran nativos de Portugal, como de los castellanos exiliados.

  9. Establishing a growth strategy for a start-up : the Selfie Stick Portugal case

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Selfie Stick Portugal was launched in December 2014, after selfies became a worldwide phenomenon, and social networks part of everyone’s daily life in Portugal. Even though customers could already find the product online, Selfie Stick Portugal enjoyed a first mover advantage by being the first selling the Selfie Stick in a physical store in Portugal. Nevertheless, new competitors soon started arising in the market, and some were even offering lower prices while selling their pr...

  10. The composition of zircon in Variscan granites from Northern Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martins, H. C.B.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available A group of slightly peraluminous Variscan plutons in Northern Portugal were selected from the study of zircon composition. The selected plutons are: the Vila Pouca de Aguiar and the Lavadores-Madalena plutons with I-type affinities and the Vieira do Minho pluton, an l-S transitional type. Zircon occurs as euhedral to subhedral crystals and exhibit finely concentric oscillatory magmatic zoning mainly related to variations of Hf, Y, U and Th concentrations. Most zircon crystals show the dominant “xenotime” substitution. The zircon crystals have Zr/Hf ratio in the range of 21 to 52, with no significant differences between the different granites. These values are in the same range of other peraluminous granites and are in accordance with a crustal signature of zircon. Moreover, the range of Zr/Hf values in zircon crystals overlaps with that of crustal sources and consequently to the potential protoliths proposed in the genesis of the Vieira do Minho and the Vila Pouca de Aguiar plutons, namely meta-igneous crustal sources at different levels. Although zircon from the Lavadores-Madalena pluton has a compositional range similar to the other plutons, an origin by hibridisation has been proposed. However, similar zircon chemistry between this pluton and Vila Pouca de Aguiar and Vieira do Minho plutons could also suggest a similar crustal source.Se han seleccionado tres plutones graniticos variscos en el norte de Portugal para el estudio de la composición del circón. Los plutones son: Vila Pouca de Aguiar y Lavadores-Madalena con afinidad de tipo-I y el plutón de Vieira do Minho de tipo transicional I-S. Los circones se presentan en cristales euhédricos a subhédricos y tienen zonados magmáticos, concéntricos oscilatorios finos ligados principalmente a variaciones de las concentraciones del Hf, Y, U y Th. La mayoría de los cristales de circón muestran la sustitución dominante “xenotima”. Los zircones tienen relaciones Zr/Hf que var

  11. Epidemiologia, etiopatogenia, diagnóstico e tratamento farmacológico da depressão em Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Sousa, Juliana Sofia Pinto de

    2015-01-01

    Projeto de Pós-Graduação/Dissertação apresentado à Universidade Fernando Pessoa como parte dos requisitos para obtenção do grau de Mestre em Ciências Farmacêuticas Portugal apresenta uma prevalência elevada de perturbações depressivas, em que cerca de um quinto dos portugueses apresenta ou já apresentou algum episódio depressivo ao longo da vida. Estas perturbações, ao se associarem a elevados e prolongados gastos com medicamentos, procura dos serviços de saúde e queda de produtividade rep...

  12. Mosquitos invasores na Europa e importância da sua vigilância em Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Marques, Márcia Alexandra da Silva

    2014-01-01

    As doenças transmitidas por vetores têm vindo a dispersar por todo o mundo, como consequência do aumento do transporte de pessoas e bens. As espécies vetoras, com maior risco para a Saúde Pública na Europa são Aedes aegypti e Aedes albopictus. Aedes aegypti faz parte da fauna de culicídeos de Portugal. Procedeu-se a uma análise do processo invasivo destas espécies, da sua distribuição e do seu comportamento perante as condições ambientais. Foi analisada a ocorrência de Ae...

  13. The gap between marketing education and the employers’ requirements in Portugal: an analysis based on the definition of professional profiles

    OpenAIRE

    Estima, Ana Cristina Furão Teles

    2015-01-01

    O debate entre o que deve ser oferecido pelas instituições de ensino superior para dar resposta às necessidades do mercado é antigo e tem sido constante na literatura. O marketing não é exceção e constitui um enorme desafio dada a dinâmica dos mercados e a necessidade constante de adequação das aprendizagens por parte dos programas de ensino. Apesar da importância atribuída na literatura ao tema, não existia ainda em Portugal um estudo que aprofundasse esta questão e aferisse a existência ...

  14. Municipalismo em Portugal: dinâmicas locais e oferta educativa (séculos XVIII-XX)

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    O Encontro Nacional “Municipalismo em Portugal: dinâmicas locais e oferta educativa e cultural (séculos XVIII-XX). Centenário da Reforma Republicana da Administração local”, realizado em 20 de Dezembro de 2013, foi assumido por membros da equipa do projecto Atlas-Repertório. Este Encontro destinou-se a proporcionar ao conjunto de investigadores, que está directamente envolvido no trabalho de campo, oportunidade para apresentar publicamente resultados da própria investigação. O Encontro inclui...

  15. Emergência e institucionalização da sexologia em Portugal: processos, atores e especificidades

    OpenAIRE

    Violeta Alarcão; Fernando Luís Machado; Alain Giami

    2016-01-01

    WOS:000383895700007 (Nº de Acesso Web of Science) Com base na teoria dos campos de Bourdieu, este artigo analisa a emergência e a institucionalização da sexologia enquanto ciência e profissão em Portugal, identificando instituições, atores e práticas profissionais, e discutindo as suas relações e especificidades. Começa por contextualizar o surgimento da sexologia moderna ocidental para uma compreensão do caso português no contexto sexológico internacional. Numa segunda parte, descreve os ...

  16. Representações da violência criminal feminina em Portugal no discurso antropológico oitocentista

    OpenAIRE

    Anica, Aurízia

    2009-01-01

    Neste texto analisa-se a transformação do discurso antropológico sobre o género na violência criminal e respetiva penalização, em Portugal, desde as «Luzes» até ao socialismo do final do século XIX. O discurso predominante ao longo de oitocentos legitimou a diferenciação das penas previstas para certos crimes julgados como especificamente femininos com argumentos baseados na ideia da desigualdade natural dos sexos e consequente assimetria da criminalidade. Todavia, sobre este pano de fundo de...

  17. O olhar cirúrgico de Ransome-Wallis sobre o caminhode-Ferro do Monte (Madeira, Portugal

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    Jorge Bonito

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Ransome-Wallis foi um dos fotógrafos entusiasta, a título individual, na época áurea da fotografia ferroviária da década de 1920 na Europa. Passou pela ilha da Madeira, fotografando o Comboio do Monte na cidade do Funchal. Neste trabalho dá-se conta de vivências relatadas pelo fotógrafo e revelam-se fotografias suas pouco conhecidas, contribuindo para a construção da história do caminho de ferro em Portugal.

  18. Forest Intervention Areas (ZIF): a new approach for forest management in Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valente, S.; Coelho, C.; Soares, J.

    2012-04-01

    management and protection. Each ZIF of private forest has to include at least a contiguous area of 750 ha, 50 landowners and 100 forest plots, and has to be managed by a single body, defined by ZIF members. This approach aims to increase forest management, reducing fire occurrence, and to improve productivity in forest areas, contributing to rural development. From 2005 till now, 143 ZIF were published, representing more than 735,000 ha organized in ZIF and corresponding to 8% of national territory and to 21% of the total forest in Portugal. However there is still a giant step to be given towards implementation. A survey (2) implemented to national and local stakeholders and also to a sample of the local community demonstrated the consensus around problems that affect forest sector at Mação, where forest fires were the most mentioned issue. Until now, five ZIF were published by law for Mação municipality. ZIF approach was recognized by all the stakeholders, included in the survey, and by half of the respondents from the community. The initial enthusiasm about this approach and its potential is fading due to the absence of effective implementation of measures and actions within a ZIF area. (1) DESIRE Project (037046): Desertification Mitigation and Remediation of land - a global approach for local solutions, EU-funded project (2007-2012; http://www.desire-project.eu/). (2) This survey was developed under the framework of a PhD. research (SFRH/BD/47056/2008) funded by FCT - Fundação para a Ciência e para a Tecnologia.

  19. Feline thelaziosis caused by Thelazia callipaeda in Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soares, Carla; Ramalho Sousa, Sérgio; Anastácio, Sofia; Goreti Matias, Maria; Marquês, Inês; Mascarenhas, Salvador; João Vieira, Maria; de Carvalho, Luís Madeira; Otranto, Domenico

    2013-09-23

    Thelazia callipaeda (Spirurida, Thelaziidae) is a nematode that lives in the conjunctival sac of domestic and wild carnivores, rabbits and humans causing mild to severe symptoms (e.g., conjunctivitis, lacrimation, epiphora, blepharospasm, keratitis and even corneal ulceration) in infected animals. This report describes an autochthonous case of thelaziosis in a cat from the central region of Portugal, representing the most occidental record of thelaziosis in Europe. Adult nematodes recovered from alive animal were morphological identified as T. callipaeda. A portion of the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 gene (cox 1) from nematode specimens was amplified by PCR. Cox1 sequences of all specimens were identical to T. callipaeda haplotype 1. Additionally to these findings, a recent description of thelaziosis in the northern region of Portugal suggests that T. callipaeda has successfully established in Portugal.

  20. Census Model Transition: Contributions to its Implementation in Portugal

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    Dias Carlos A.

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Given the high cost and complexity of traditional censuses, some countries have started to change the census process. Following this trend, Portugal is also evaluating a new census model as an alternative to an exhaustive collection of all statistical units. The main motivations for the implementation of this census model transition in Portugal are related to the decrease in statistical burden on citizens, improvements in the frequency of outputs, and the reduction of collection costs associated with census operations. This article seeks to systematise and critically review all alternatives to the traditional census methodologies, presenting their advantages and disadvantages and the countries that use them. As a result of the comparison, we conclude that the methods that best meet these objectives are those that use administrative data, either in whole or in part. We also present and discuss the results of an inventory and evaluation of administrative registers in Portugal with the potential to produce statistical census information.

  1. Contribution of natural gas for sustainable development in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuela Sarmento

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Portugal has strongly limited domestic energy resources, since imports almost 90% of its energy needs and its energy production is totally from renewable energy sources. The addition of natural gas to the Portuguese energy mix in 1997 helped to diversify Portugal’s energy sources and is a contribution to the mitigation of environmental problems. In 1997 also ceased the production and use of domestic coal. In fact, Portugal is working to reduce the growth in energy use and CO2 emissions, in order to follow the Kyoto Protocol. This measure can be linked to environmental sustainability policies, creating the opportunity for new business to appear. Natural gas, in some applications, can substitute the electricity, implying a decrease in price. Security of gas supply is an important issue, since Portugal depends mainly on a single supplier. This paper aims at analysing the emerging gas market, (threats and opportunities, its evolution andcomparison with other OECD countries.

  2. A deficiente informação aumenta os riscos dos pesticidas em Portugal The deficient information increase the pesticides risks in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Amaro

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available O risco do uso dos pesticidas agrícolas ser aceitável depende da adopção de rigorosas medidas de segurança definidas pela UE. Esta problemática, em Portugal, é muito preocupante em consequência de graves ilegalidades, como o não funcionamento da CATPF há 5 anos e da sistemática prática, a nível oficial (ex: DGPC/DGADR e Serviços de Avisos e das empresas de pesticidas, da política de esconder a informação essencial para: a selecção dos pesticidas menos perigosos; o conhecimento das indispensáveis medidas de mitigação do risco; e a adequada formação de técnicos e de agricultores.The pesticide risk could be acceptable if mitigation measures decided by EU are adopted. In Portugal that problematic is quite difficult in consequence of graves illegalities, as the CATPF 5 years not working and the systematic practice, at official level (ex: DGPC/DGADR and Warning Service and at pesticides suppliers, of a political to hide the information that is essential to: the pesticides selection of the less dangerous to human health and the environment; the knowledge of indispensable and appropriate measures to reduce those risks as much as possible; and the level of education and training of technicians and farmers.

  3. Dom Pedro I of Brazil and IV of Portugal epilepsy and peculiar behavior Epilepsia e comportamento peculiar de Dom Pedro I do Brasil e IV de Portugal

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    Marleide da Mota Gomes

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available We present medical issues related to Dom Pedro de Alcântara Bragança e Bourbon (1798-1834, first Emperor of Brazil. This is made by means of narrative revision on historical facts starting from primary and secondary sources. Dom Pedro presented familiar incidence of epilepsy. His seizures were relatively benign and scattered, supposedly started at the age of 13: idiophatic epilepsy with generalized tonic-clonic seizures only or juvenile myoclonic epilepsy. He also had behavioral disorder characterized by hypersexuality, agitation and impulsiveness. It could have facilitated his opportunistic behavior necessary of daring to transgress the conservatism of the Portuguese crown, to create the constitutional monarchism in Brazil and in Portugal.Apresentamos aspectos médicos relacionadas a Dom Pedro de Alcântara Bragança e Bourbon (1798-1834, primeiro Imperador do Brasil. Isso é feito por meio de revisão narrativa sobre fatos históricos baseados em fontes primárias ou secundárias. Dom Pedro apresentou epilepsia de incidência familiar. Suas crises eram relativamente benignas e esparsas, de início provavelmente aos 13 anos: epilepsia idiopática generalizada com crises tônico-clônicas apenas ou epilepsia mioclônica juvenil. Ele também tinha transtorno do comportamento caracterizado por hipersexualidade, agitação e impulsividade. Isso pode ter facilitado seu comportamento oportunístico necessário para ousar a transgredir o conservadorismo da coroa portuguesa e criar o monarquismo constitucional no Brasil e em Portugal.

  4. Estudos cromossómicos em Pteridophyta de Portugal, III

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    Queirós, Margarida

    1997-12-01

    Full Text Available Chromosome numbers of nine taxa of Pteridophyta from Portugal are reported. Earlier counts of seven of these taxa have been carried out on material from other Portuguese places. Polypodium vulgare L. and P. interjectum Shivas is now first studied under the caryological point of view.

    Se ha estudiado el número cromosómico gamético de nueve táxones de Pteridophyta portugueses, siete de los cuales coinciden con los datos indicados anteriormente para otras localidades del país. Se dan a conocer por primera vez, en material portugués, los siguientes: Polypodium vulgare L. y P. Interjectum Shivas.

  5. CONFLITOS E TRAUMAS NO RENASCIMENTO EM PORTUGAL

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    Nair Castro Soares

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Num século em que a abertura à modernidade trouxe um ardor renovado pelos ideais da Antiguidade Clássica, assimilados aos valores do Cristianismo – raízes da Civilização do Ocidental –,consuma-se a perda de Constantinopla e assiste-se ao crescente domínio turco e à defesa concertada contra o seu avanço; à grande gesta dos Descobrimentos, com as inevitáveis guerras de conquista; à Reforma protestante e às guerras de religião, qual Hidra de Lerna, no dizer de Erasmo; aos conflitos armados entre príncipes cristãos, que Camões interpela no Canto VII de Os Lusíadas.A Reforma de Lutero, Calvino, Henrique VIII fragmentaram a inconsútil túnica de Cristo e puseram fim à unidade da Respublica Christiana, que se tornou em Ocidente dos Estados. Marcantes nesta época foram o pragmatismo político de Maquiavel; o papel da ciência juridica, na definição do direito internacional e do direito dos povos.Em Portugal, muitos foram os conflitos decorrentes da política de expansão e da acção dos sucessivos monarcas, desde os inícios da Segunda Dinastia ao reinado de D. Sebastião: exílios, perseguições, sobretudo a partir da introdução da Inquisição (1536, desastres naturais e, enfim, a perda da independência, a marcar o ocaso do Século de Ouro. 

  6. The University in Portugal during the transition to democracy and neoliberalism

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    Luís Reis Torgal

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The history of the University in Portugal lives a moment of great relevance in the transition to democracy in the decade 1970-1980. Under the Marcello Caetano government (1968-1974 –the continuation of the New State of Salazar, the «fascism of the professorship»– there were some internal reforms, state reform experiences (with the creation of new universities and schools of higher education and important struggles of students against the dictatorship; after the «Carnation Revolution» of April 25, there was also a poorly planned and not achieved attempt to draw a «political university» of Marxist influence, with the intention to accompany the extreme phase of the revolution. With the 1976 Constitution, based on a democratic nature of Occidental countries, and the first constitutional governments, higher education has been consolidated in our binary system, made by university and polytechnic. However, there is also evidence of the trend towards a neoliberal education system, announcing the foundation of many universities and particular institutes. In order to discuss this complex evolution, the article exceeds the decade of the 70s of the XX century, even to the current XXI century, characterized by the crisis of the  universits, which leads us to ask: Which University? How to reference this article Torgal, L. R. (2015. A Universidade em Portugal em período de transição para a democracia e para o neoliberalismo. Espacio, Tiempo y Educación, 2(2, 155-171. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.14516/ete.2015.002.002.008

  7. Primeiro caso de botulismo tipo F, em Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Saraiva, Margarida; Lopes, Teresa Teixeira; Militão, André; Ribeiro, Rosa Santos; Coelho, Adelaide; Moura, Isabel Bastos; Pena, Cláudia; Bonito, Conceição Costa; Cunha, Isabel Campos; Sousa, Isabel; Toscano, Maria Manuel; Gomes, Carlos Orta; Soares, Elsa; Tavares, António; Calhau, Maria Antónia

    2016-01-01

    A nível mundial, estão descritos poucos casos de botulismo tipo F em humanos. Em julho de 2016 foi identificado o primeiro caso de botulismo tipo F, em Portugal. Foi detetada toxina botulínica tipo F (BoNT/F) nas fezes de um doente com quadro clínico típico de botulismo e isolada a estirpe de Clostridium botulinum produtora de BoNT/F. Worldwide few cases of type F botulism are described in humans. In July 2016 the first case of type F botulism in Portugal was identified. ...

  8. Identification of H-type BSE in Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orge, Leonor; Machado, Carla Guedes; Ramalho, Luísa; Carvalho, Renata; Silva, João; Almeida, Paula; Tavares, Paula; Ochoa, Cristina; Lima, Carla; Pinto, Maria J Marques; Simas, J Pedro

    2015-01-01

    During the bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) epidemic, Portugal was the third most affected country. As a result of a successful national eradication plan, the number of BSE affected animals has been progressively declining in Portugal with no cases identified in 2013. However, within the scope of this active surveillance scheme, we have identified the first H-type BSE case born after the introduction of the reinforced ban in fallen stock. Here, we report the phenotypic features of this case and the analysis of the protein coding sequence of prnp as well as the prnp promoter and intron 1 insertion-deletions.

  9. The Feminization of the Judiciary in Portugal: Dilemmas and Paradoxes

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    Madalena Duarte

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In recent decades, a significant transformation in the legal professions has been its increasing feminization. However, if in other countries we can find relevant studies on this subject, the gender variable is rarely taken into account in Portugal, except through intuitive and non-scientific processes and discourses that often produce bias and where female judges and public prosecutors have no voice. This article aims to contribute to filling in this empirical lacuna and, based on a survey of the Portuguese population and on interviews with judges and public prosecutors in Portugal, to analyse the existing views on the feminization of justice and female judging.

  10. Beatriz de Portugal y el Hospital Mater Dei de Tordesillas

    OpenAIRE

    Santo Tomás Pérez, Magdalena

    2004-01-01

    Producción Científica El presente trabajo fue presentado en el congreso Portugal e Castela na Idade Média celebrado en la universidade Portucalense Infante D. Henrique, de Porto, Portugal, en el año 2004 y está publicado en Castilla y el Mundo feudal. Homenaje al Profesor Julio Valdeón, obra dirigida por los profesores de la Uva Mª Isabel del Val Valdivieso y Pascual Martínez Sopena y editada por la Junta de Castilla y León y por la Universidad de Valladolid, en el volumen III, pp 4...

  11. [The Epidemiology of Dementia and Alzheimer Disease in Portugal: Estimations of Prevalence and Treatment-Costs].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santana, Isabel; Farinha, Filipa; Freitas, Sandra; Rodrigues, Vítor; Carvalho, Ålvaro

    2015-01-01

    Introdução: A incidência e prevalência de demência e de Doença de Alzheimer aumentam com a idade, duplicando a cada cinco anos após a sexta década de vida. Portugal é um país envelhecido, previsivelmente com um número crescente de casos de demência. No entanto, os dados epidemiológicos são escassos e os estudos sobre os custos da doença praticamente inexistentes. Propomo-nos apresentar uma estimativa actualizada da prevalência de demência/ Doença de Alzheimer em Portugal e inferir, a partir da prescrição específica para demência, o número de diagnósticos efectivos e os encargos financeiros com esses medicamentos.Material e Métodos: ÃÄ população residente em Portugal (2013), aplicámos os valores de prevalência de demência para a Europa Ocidental (estudo da AlzheimerâÄôs Disease International). A estimativa dos diagnósticos efectivos de Doença de Alzheimer e dos encargos financeiros com medicação específica baseou-se nas informações do Intercontinental Marketing Services Health (IMSH) âÄì 2013.Resultados: O número estimado de Portugueses com mais de 60 anos e com demência foi 160287, o que corresponde a 5,91% deste universo populacional. Sabendo que a Doença de Alzheimer representa 50-70% dos casos, inferimos que existirão entre 80144 e 112201 doentes. Por outro lado, os dados da IMSH indicam que estarão diagnosticados e a receceber anti-demenciais 76250 doentes, representando um encargo financeiro de 37 MâǬ/ano.Conclusão: O envelhecimento da população incrementa o número de casos de demência. Aparentemente, nem todos os doentes com Doença de Alzheimer recebem a medicação aconselhada, sugerindo que esta condição ainda está sub-diagnosticada. A evolução tem sido positiva, com incremento do número de doentes tratados e redução dos custos com fármacos específicos.

  12. Orientação para o Mercado no Segmento Hoteleiro: o caso português

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    Mario Barata Raposo

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Resumo O objectivo deste estudo foi medir o grau de orientação para o mercado dos maiores grupos hoteleiros de Portugal. Após uma breve explanação sobre a orientação para o mercado e o segmento hoteleiro em Portugal apresentou-se um estudo empírico realizado junto dos maiores 20 grupos de hotéis de Portugal, utilizando como instrumento de colecta de dados, a tradicional escala Markor (Market orientation adaptada ao sector hoteleiro. Constatou-se nas organizações investigadas uma boa capacidade de geração de informações de mercado e resposta ao mercado. Porém os resultados obtidos com o constructo da disseminação de informações de mercado ficaram abaixo das expetactivas. Portanto, o desafio actual para as principais redes de hotéis de Portugal é propiciar a melhoria da disseminação interna das informações que os profissionais de marketing recolhem junto ao mercado. Palavras-chave: gestão do marketing; orientação para o mercado; markor; sector hoteleiro em Portugal. Abstract The objective of this study was to measure level of orientation for the market of the largest hotel groups of Portugal. After a brief explanation on the market orientation and the hotel segment in Portugal an empiric study was presented performed with the largest groups of 20 hotels of Portugal, using as an instrument of collection data, the traditional Markor scale (market orientation adapted to the hotel sector. It was found in the investigated organizations a good capacity to generate market information and response to the market. However the results obtained with the construct of the dissemination of market information were below the expectations. So the current challenge for the main networks of hotels in Portugal is to improve the internal dissemination of information that marketing professionals gathered at the market. Keywords: marketing management, orientation to the market, markor, hotel sector in Portugal.

  13. Portugal Sees Top Priority Market in China Interview with H.E. Mr. Rui Quartin-Santos, Ambassador of Portugal in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sun Yongjian; Liu Jinliang

    2007-01-01

    @@ China, a Top Priority Market for Portugal I would start by saying that the political relations between our two countries are very friendly and robust.Premier Wen Jiaobao visited Portugal in December 2005, and we have established a Global Strategic Partnership between China and Portugal. So we believe that the contact between the leaders of both sides in December last year has boosted decisively our relations in general and our trade relations in particular.

  14. Morphological and molecular diversity of Unionidae (Mollusca, Bivalvia from Portugal

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    Reis, J.

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Freshwater mussels from the family Unionidae are known to exhibit a high level of ecological phenotypic plasticity that is reflected in their shell shape. This variation has caused uncertainty on systematics and taxonomy of the group. Several naiad populations from nine river basins from Portugal were analyzed genetically, using two mitochondrial gene fragments (16SrRNA and Cytochrome Oxidase I and morphologically, using ANOVA analyses of shell dimmensions. Molecular phylogenetic analyses were used to revise the systematics and to infer an evolutionary hypothesis for the family at the western-most Atlantic Iberian Peninsula. Genetic and morphological data were in agreement and supported the occurrence of 5 species in the region: Anodonta anatina, Anodonta cygnea, Potomida littoralis, Unio tumidiformis and Unio delphinus. The differentiation of all these species, except A. cygnea, is thought to have taken place during the isolation of the Iberian Peninsula and formation of the current river basins in the Tertiary. The possibility of A. cygnea being a relatively recent introduction is discussed. Basic morphometric measures of the shell proved to be useful to separate Unio species, but also seem to be strongly affected by environmental conditions. The high intra-specific morphologic variation was partially related to the species’ high level of phenotypic plasticity, but seems to have an important role in evolutionary processes.Las náyades de la familia Unionidae tienen gran plasticidad fenotípica, lo que se refleja en la forma de su concha. Esta variabilidad morfológica ha sido causa de gran confusión en la taxonomía y sistemática del grupo. Se han estudiado, genética y morfológicamente, numerosas poblaciones de náyades provenientes de nueve cuencas hidrográficas portuguesas. Para ello se han analizando dos fragmentos de genes mitocondriales (ARNr 16S y Citocromo Oxidasa I así como diferentes variables morfológicas de la concha. Se

  15. Caraterização virológica dos vírus da gripe que circularam em Portugal na época 2014/2015

    OpenAIRE

    Pechirra, Pedro; Costa, Inês; Cristóvão, Paula; Roque, Carla; Barreiro, Paula; Duarte, Sílvia; Machado, Ausenda; Rodrigues, Ana Paula; Nunes, Baltazar; Guiomar, Raquel

    2015-01-01

    Introdução e objetivo: A monitorização contínua das propriedades antigénicas e genéticas dos vírus da gripe é essencial, quer para a seleção anual das estirpes virais a incluir na vacina, quer para identificar novas linhas de orientação da terapêutica antiviral. O presente estudo descreve as caraterísticas antigénicas e genéticas dos vírus da gripe identificados em Portugal no inverno de 2014/2015.

  16. LIS Education in Portugal between Academia and Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ribeiro, Fernanda

    2008-01-01

    There is a brief exposition, in a historical perspective, about the evolution of the professional education in Portugal, in the area of Library and Information Science, since the creation of the Curso de Bibliotecario-Arquivista, in 1887, until its closure in 1982, when it was replaced by the Curso de Especializacao em Ciencias Documentais (CECD).…

  17. School-Based Sexuality Education in Portugal: Strengths and Weaknesses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rocha, Ana Cristina; Leal, Cláudia; Duarte, Cidália

    2016-01-01

    Portugal, like many other countries, faces obstacles regarding school-based sexuality education. This paper explores Portuguese schools' approaches to implementing sexuality education at a local level, and provides a critical analysis of potential strengths and weaknesses. Documents related to sexuality education in a convenience sample of 89…

  18. Predicting Child Outcomes from Preschool Quality in Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abreu-Lima, Isabel M. P.; Leal, Teresa B.; Cadima, Joana; Gamelas, Ana Madalena

    2013-01-01

    The main purpose of this study is to analyze whether quality of preschool classrooms relates to 4- and 5-year-old children developmental outcomes. The study was conducted in 60 classrooms in Porto Metropolitan Area, Portugal. Children (N = 215) were evaluated in the literacy, math, and behavior domains. Preschool quality was assessed through…

  19. Technological Specialisation Courses in Portugal: Description and Suggested Improvements

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Costa, Nilza Maria Vilhena Nunes; Simoes, Ana Raquel; Pereira, Giselia Antunes; Pombo, Lucia

    2009-01-01

    This study is a part of the "Post-secondary Vocational Training in Portugal Project: from a description through to suggestions to improve training quality", which ran from 2003 to 2006. This article, which makes use of data obtained from interviews with Directors of Schools which offer technological specialisation courses (CETs) and from…

  20. Geochemistry of the Panasqueira tungsten-tin deposit, Portugal

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bussink, R.W.

    1984-01-01

    Major tin-tungsten deposits in Portugal are related to intrusions of the Younger Series (300-280 Ma) of Hercynian granitoids. Mineralized granites are 'specialized' by a specific increase or decrease of major, minor and trace element contents in comparison with non-mineralized occurrences. Component

  1. Pests of Blueberries on Sao Miguel, Azores, Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    In February and March 2006, two plots of 154 plants of two southern high bush blueberries cultivars, Vaccinium corymbosum cv. ‘Emerald’ and ‘Jewel,’ a rabbiteye cultivar, V. virgatum cv. ‘Spring High,’ were planted in two locations on São Miguel Island, Açores, Portugal. One plot was planted near t...

  2. Two new Tegenaria species (Araneae: Agelenidae) from Portugal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bolzern, Angelo; Crespo, Luís; Bondoso Cardoso, Pedro Miguel

    2009-01-01

    The genera complex Tegenaria/Malthonica is a problematic spider group of the family Agelenidae. Besides taxonomical problems, new European species are described on a regular basis. Here two species from Portugal, Tegenaria barrientosi sp. n. and Tegenaria incognita sp. n., are described. Both...

  3. Research Management in Portugal: A Quest for Professional Identity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trindade, Margarida; Agostinho, Marta

    2014-01-01

    Research managers at science-intensive institutions appear as a continuously evolving group of professionals whose identity is somewhat fragmented, even to themselves. In Portugal, specialized research manager roles have rapidly emerged over the last years alongside the development of a small but consolidated scientific system. In order to get an…

  4. Early Intervention in Portugal: Family Support and Benefits

    Science.gov (United States)

    Correia Leite, Carina Sofia; Da Silva Pereira, Ana Paula

    2013-01-01

    This study investigated the support and benefits of early intervention (EI) in families with children with special needs. Data were gathered through a written questionnaire, "Family Benefits Inventory," completed by 126 families with children with special needs supported by EI teams, with ages from six months to six years in Portugal.…

  5. School Psychology in Portugal: Practitioners' Characteristics and Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mendes, Sofia A.; Abreu-Lima, Isabel; Almeida, Leandro S.; Simeonsson, Rune J.

    2014-01-01

    Little empirical evidence is available on the professional characteristics and practices of school psychologists in Portugal. This study surveyed a total of 477 Portuguese school psychologists employed in public (80%) and private schools (20%). Portuguese school psychologists are described with regard to demographic, professional, and educational…

  6. Energy efficiency and renewable energy systems in Portugal and Brazil

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Østergaard, Poul Alberg; Soares, Isabel; Ferreira, Paula

    2014-01-01

    This article presents a review of the energy situation in Brazil and Portugal; two countries which are both characterised by high utilisation of renewable energy sources though with differences between them. The article also introduces contemporary energy research conducted on the two countries...

  7. Science Policy and the Internationalisation of Research in Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patricio, Maria Teresa

    2010-01-01

    This article will examine Portuguese and European science and higher education policies and their impact on international collaborations. It will do so by looking at two key indicators: international academic mobility and the coauthored international scientific publications. The data show Portugal as an attractive country for foreign students and…

  8. Quality of Life in Ageing Societies: Italy, Portugal, and Turkey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arun, Ozgur; Cevik, Aylin Cakiroglu

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this study was to compare and analyze the quality of life of the elderly in three aging countries: Italy, Portugal, and Turkey. This was done by using data provided by the European Quality of Life Survey completed in 2004. By doing so, we could then operationalize the conditions of the elderly in Turkey who have a rapid aging process…

  9. Factors Affecting Students' Choice of Science and Engineering in Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Almeida, Maria Jose B. M.; Leite, Maria Salete S. C. P.; Woolnough, Brian E.

    This paper presents the results of a study undertaken in Portugal to determine the influence of different factors on students' (n=499) decisions to study or refuse to study in one of the physical sciences or engineering. Some influencing factors are related to what goes on in school and during science lessons, and other factors are related to the…

  10. Legal aid for victims in criminal proceedings in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Costa Ramos, Vânia

    2014-01-01

    The following article gives an overview of legal aid for victims in criminal cases in Portugal. It addresses the issues of a victim’s access to a lawyer, when and how the right is granted (right to legal assistance), and under what circumstances the victim has a right to financial legal aid (right to financial legal aid).

  11. Essays on Schooling and Child Labour in Portugal

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    P. Goulart (Pedro)

    2011-01-01

    textabstractThis thesis examines child labour and schooling in Portugal from a historical and contemporary perspective and comprises three essays. Throughout the thesis, I attempt to strike a balance between research of the local context and a comparison with an international context.

  12. The impact of minimum wages on youth employment in Portugal

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    S.C. Pereira

    2003-01-01

    textabstractFrom January 1, 1987, the legal minimum wage for workers aged 18 and 19 in Portugal was uprated to the full adult rate, generating a 49.3% increase between 1986 and 1987 in the legal minimum wage for this age group. This shock is used as a ?natural experiment? to evaluate the impact of t

  13. Listeriosis in Portugal: an existing but under reported infection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teixeira Paula C

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Listeriosis is a rare disease caused by the bacterium Listeria monocytogenes, the normal vehicle of which is food. The disease, which is largely confined to its risk groups of pregnant women, the elderly and immunocompromised individuals, has increased in incidence in recent years. In Portugal, listeriosis is not a notifiable infection and available data are scarce. The objective of this work was to collate the available information concerning listeriosis in Portugal by compiling a retrospective study of cases recorded over a decade. Methods Requests for case data on clinically confirmed listeriosis, recorded over the previous decade, were replied to by 23 hospitals and a National Institute of Health delegation. Results 35 cases of listeriosis were identified for the period between 1994 and 2003 inclusive, the mortality rate being greater than 17%. According to the data collected in this study for the year 2003, the incidence of this disease in Portugal was at least 1.4 cases per million inhabitants in that year. Conclusion The study demonstrates, for the first time in the widely available literature, that despite their being no cases of listeriosis in Portugal recorded in official reports, the threat of L. monocytogenes to public health is of a similar dimension to that in other countries.

  14. Investigación en cuidados paliativos y Enfermería: revisión sistemática sobre el estado del arte en Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sara Pinto

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo principal: Sintetizar y analizar el contenido y la naturaleza de la evidencia científica producida en el ámbito de los cuidados paliativos en Portugal. Metodología: investigación sistemática de la literatura (manual y bases de datos de los trabajos de investigación realizados en Portugal y publicados en revistas científicas hasta 31 de diciembre de 2012. Resultados principales: Se encontraron 49 artículos, predominando los estudios de naturaleza cuantitativa y longitudinal. La mayoría se desarrolló en contexto hospitalario y se relacionó con las necesidades de los enfermos o con las decisiones de los profesionales de salud en materia de fin de vida. En los últimos años, los enfermeros han contribuido de forma muy significativa para la producción científica en cuidados paliativos, lo que significa que en 2012 produjeron el 53% de los trabajos publicados. Conclusión principal: Aunque es reciente, la investigación en cuidados paliativos en Portugal se encuentra activa y en crecimiento. Este trabajo sistematiza la producción realizada hasta el momento, abriendo puertas para futuros trabajos.

  15. FORMACIÓN DEL PROFESORADO DE MÚSICA EN EUROPA MERIDIONAL: CHIPRE, GRECIA, MALTA Y PORTUGAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan José Carmona Fernández

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo informa y reflexiona sobre los planes de estudios de formación del profesorado de música en países de Europa Septentrional: Chipre, Grecia, Malta y Portugal. La metodología de análisis utilizada es común para todos los países estudiados, correspondientes al Proyecto ALFA al que se hace referencia en el editorial de este monográfico. En Chipre hablaremos sobre tres universidades con planes de estudio musicales; en Grecia distinguiremos cuatro tipos de docentes dependiendo del nivel educativo en el que impartan docencia (Infantil, Primaria y Secundaria; en tercer lugar hablaremos sobre las peculiaridades del sistema de la universidad de Malta; se procederá al análisis de Portugal donde contamos con un número mayor de universidades; y, por último, aportaremos nuestra reflexión sobre los planes de estudios analizados y sus implicaciones para la formación del profesorado de música.

  16. El viaje a Portugal de los embajadores de Federico III en el relato de Lanckmann y de otros cronistas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Herbers, Klaus

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available The article analyses the report by Nicolas Lanckmann and Jacob Motz of the trip they undertook in 1451 to Lisbon in order to accompany Eleonore of Portugal, future wife to Frederic III, to Rome. Special importance is given to the role safe-conducts and Jacobean traditions play in the text, and the motives for taking the Northern route through the Iberian Peninsula and for diverting to Santiago de Compostela during the time of the "Año Santo" are examined. The report's wide circulation during the XVth and XVIth centuries underlines the ways one formed an image of the Iberian Peninsula in the countries of German tongue.

    El artículo analiza el relato de Nicolás Lanckmann y Jacobo Motz sobre el viaje que éstos emprendieron hacia Lisboa en 1451 para llevar a la futura esposa de Federico III, Leonor de Portugal, a Roma. Se destaca el papel de los salvoconductos y de las tradiciones jacobeas, y se estudian asimismo los motivos para elegir la ruta por el norte de España y el desvío hacia Santiago de Compostela durante el Año Santo compostelano. La difusión del relato en los siglos XV y XVI subraya como se formó también en los países de lengua alemana una idea de la Península Ibérica.

  17. Felipa de Lancáster, la dama inglesa que fue modelo de reginalidad en Portugal (1387-1415

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Santos Silva, Manuela

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Until a few decades ago, the historians’ interest in the evaluation of the power exercised by the queens, as wives or mothers of the kings who were in charge of the governance of the kingdom, was almost non-existent. However, there are enough data to prove that in Portugal, in the Middle Ages, some queens exerted political and diplomatic functions, participated with their husbands in the administration of the assets of the crown, in addition to fulfilling the obvious obligations of being good wives and mothers. Philippa of Lancaster’s –wife of John I of Portugal– queenship is well documented.Hasta hace algunas décadas, el interés mostrado por los historiadores en evaluar el poder ejercido por las reinas portuguesas como consortes o progenitoras de los reyes era casi inexistente. Se conservan, sin embargo, suficientes datos como para poder afirmar que, en la Edad Media portuguesa, algunas reinas ejercieron funciones de naturaleza política y diplomática, y participaron junto a sus maridos en la administración de los bienes de la corona, además de cumplir con los deberes que se les atribuían como esposas y madres. Uno de los casos mejor documentados es el de Felipa de Lancáster, esposa de Juan I de Portugal, a quien llamaremos João I para evitar confusiones causadas por homonimias.

  18. Uncertainties in climate change projections for viticulture in Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fraga, Helder; Malheiro, Aureliano C.; Moutinho-Pereira, José; Pinto, Joaquim G.; Santos, João A.

    2013-04-01

    The assessment of climate change impacts on viticulture is often carried out using regional climate model (RCM) outputs. These studies rely on either multi-model ensembles or on single-model approaches. The RCM-ensembles account for uncertainties inherent to the different models. In this study, using a 16-RCM ensemble under the IPCC A1B scenario, the climate change signal (future minus recent-past, 2041-2070 - 1961-2000) of 4 bioclimatic indices (Huglin Index - HI, Dryness Index - DI, Hydrothermal Index - HyI and CompI - Composite Index) over mainland Portugal is analysed. A normalized interquartile range (NIQR) of the 16-member ensemble for each bioclimatic index is assessed in order to quantify the ensemble uncertainty. The results show significant increases in the HI index over most of Portugal, with higher values in Alentejo, Trás-os-Montes and Douro/Porto wine regions, also depicting very low uncertainty. Conversely, the decreases in the DI pattern throughout the country show large uncertainties, except in Minho (northwestern Portugal), where precipitation reaches the highest amounts in Portugal. The HyI shows significant decreases in northwestern Portugal, with relatively low uncertainty all across the country. The CompI depicts significant decreases over Alentejo and increases over Minho, though decreases over Alentejo reveal high uncertainty, while increases over Minho show low uncertainty. The assessment of the uncertainty in climate change projections is of great relevance for the wine industry. Quantifying this uncertainty is crucial, since different models may lead to quite different outcomes and may thereby be as crucial as climate change itself to the winemaking sector. This work is supported by European Union Funds (FEDER/COMPETE - Operational Competitiveness Programme) and by national funds (FCT - Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology) under the project FCOMP-01-0124-FEDER-022692.

  19. Employment and basic needs: lessons of a mission to Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Rijckeghem, W

    1978-01-01

    The task of the International Labour Organization (ILO) mission that visited Portugal in 1977 differed in several respects from that of earlier missions undertaken in the framework of the World Employment Programme: 1) with a per capita consumption of U.S. $1000 a year, Portugal is far better off than the other countries to which ILO missions were sent; 2) following the Revolution of April 25, 1974, Portugal had already adopted many of the recommendations such as those concerning income redistribution and land reform contained in the reports of earlier ILO missions; and 3) as a consequence of the above, the ILO mission to Portugal was not asked to produce a report and make recommendations, but to participate directly in the drafting of the 1977-80 Plan through a joint Portuguese-ILO Working Group. The present article draws both on the report of the Working Group and on subsequent research. Open unemployment is a recent phenomenon in Portugal, and the objective of the Medium-Term Plan is to improve basic-needs satisfaction and reduce unemployment. It can be reasonably assumed that the increased activity of the agricultural sector, together with continued north-south migration, will absorb much of the existing underemployment. Concerning industry, the reorientation of industrial growth towards the requirements of a basic-needs strategy and more employment-intensive production represents a considerable change from past strategies and policies. Concerning the basic-needs approach as a development strategy, it is useful to show that such a strategy remains compatible with the pursuit of more traditional objectives, such as sustained growth, full employment, balance-of-payments equilibrium, equitable income distribution, and harmonious regional development.

  20. Las redes sociales como canal comunicativo: el caso de las asociaciones de consumidores de España y Portugal / Social media as a communicative channel: the case of the consumer association of Spain and Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joao Canavilhas

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo estudia el uso que hacen de los social media (Facebook y Twitter, las dos principales organizaciones de consumidores de Portugal y España, DECO y OCU, respectivamente. La investigación, que se fundamenta metodológi-camente en el estudio de caso, se basa en los postulados de la comunicación dialógica digital para analizar cómo se legitiman las organizaciones en estas plataformas y cuál es su compromiso con esta forma de relación a partir de variables como el número de mensajes respondidos, la rapidez en la respuesta y el número de seguidores. Los resultados confirman su eficacia como canal comunicativo para satisfacer las dudas de los usuarios de manera responsable, recíproca y con sentido de comunidad.

  1. A questão migratória e as estratégias de convivência entre culturas diferentes em Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bárbara Bäckström

    Full Text Available Este artigo dá conta de uma reflexão teórica sobre a convivência entre culturas diferentes em Portugal. A partir de uma breve caracterização da imigração em Portugal, num primeiro momento procurou-se definir e distinguir os diferentes modelos teóricos de integração para, num segundo momento, analisar concretamente as políticas públicas relativas à integração dos imigrantes na sociedade portuguesa. Por último, partindo da constatação de que os estudos dão conta de comparações entre culturas e não tanto da convivência entre elas, procurou-se refletir sobre as razões subjacentes à quase total ausência de investigações cujo enfoque seja a convivência entre culturas.

  2. Cuidados Paliativos em Portugal: configuração e desenvolvimento da formação breve, graduada e pós-graduada

    OpenAIRE

    Carvalho, Maria Irene Lopes; Universidade Lusófona de Humanidades e Tecnologias de Lisboa, Portugal.

    2012-01-01

    Este texto tem como objectivo analisar a evolução da oferta formativa e educativa em cuidados paliativos em Portugal. Problematiza a noção de cuidados paliativos e analisa o quadro legal em Portugal e nas orientações europeias quanto à educação/formação nesta área. Para a concretização deste objectivo adoptou-se uma metodologia qualitativa e privilegiou-se a pesquisa bibliográfica, consulta de sites e contactos telefónicos com entidades que oferecem formação nesta área e também entrevistas a ...

  3. La integración educativa en Portugal: un análisis de la enseñanza obligatoria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Esteves

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Portugal se inscribe en el grupo de los países de la UE con una tendencia más marcadamente integradora. El artículo aborda este hecho educativo en el nivel de la enseñanza obligatoria y estudia el proceso seguido por este país en la inclusión de alumnos con necesidades educativas especiales relacionándolo con sus particulares condicionamientos políticos, sociales y pedagógicos. Tras un recorrido histórico por los hitos más significativos, analiza la normativa vigente, revisa la práctica actual y concluye una valoración crítica que oriente las mejoras futuras. En todo momento el estudio utiliza las unidades de comparación de la Agencia Europea para el Desarrollo de las Necesidades Educativas Especiales para facilitar estudios comparados posteriores. 

  4. Turismo de saúde em Portugal: turismo médico e turismo de bem-estar

    OpenAIRE

    Ferreira, Ricardo

    2013-01-01

    Mestre em Gestão de Serviços de Saúde O turismo de saúde engloba duas subcategorias, o turismo médico (cirurgias e serviços de saúde no estrangeiro) e o turismo de bem-estar (viajar para locais específicos para promoção da saúde de uma forma preventiva). Na vertente de bem-estar, há vários aspectos a considerar e diversas formas de promoção da saúde de forma preventiva, uma delas é o turismo termal (com um longo histórico em Portugal mas actualmente numa situação premente de reforma). A...

  5. [Diabetes Knowledge Test Feasibility in Portugal].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Azevedo, Constança; Santiago, Luiz

    2016-09-01

    Introdução: Dada a crescente incidência da diabetes tipo 2 e considerando que parte do seu controlo se deve à atitude do pacienteface à doença, torna-se importante munir os profissionais de saúde com ferramentas capazes de determinar as carências educacionais dos utentes, permitindo uma intervenção mais personalizada na correção de hábitos nocivos. Objetivos: Verificação da fiabilidade da Escala de Conhecimentos da Diabetes em Portugal. Análise e correlação das diferentes variáveis sociodemográficas e patológicas com o número de respostas corretas. Material e Métodos: Aplicação da escala a uma amostra de conveniência de diabéticos tipo 2 do Centro de Saúde da Covilhã.Resultados: Na generalidade, as questões obtiveram um valor de alfa de Cronbach > 0,800. Diabéticos com melhores resultados demonstraram maior controlo, estabelecendo uma relação positiva entre o conhecimento e o controlo da diabetes. Apenas 9,2% dos diabéticos apresentou bom conhecimento sobre a doença, sendo que a maioria (65,8%) demonstrou um conhecimento mediano. Os insulinotratados exibiram os piores resultados (77,6% com baixo conhecimento). As variáveis ‘via de tratamento’ e ‘complicações’ demonstraram ter impacto no desempenho obtido no questionário (valores p iguais a 0,00 e 0,048, respetivamente). Os diabéticos rurais, os sem complicações e os não insulinotratados revelaram-se os mais cumpridores e conhecedores. Discussão: Contrariando estudos anteriores, variáveis como a idade e o grau de escolaridade não demonstraram influenciar o conhecimentodo diabético. Habitantes do meio rural e diabéticos tratados oralmente obtiveram melhores resultados do que o que havia sido defendido previamente. Conclusão: Demonstrou-se a fidelidade psicométrica moderada a elevada do teste, assim como uma correlação positiva entre o controloda diabetes e o desempenho no inquérito. Espera-se que a sua futura aplicação possibilite identificar as

  6. Hospital admissions for herpes zoster in Portugal between 2000 and 2010.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mesquita, Margarida; Froes, Filipe

    2013-01-01

    Introdução e Objectivos: O aumento da incidência de herpes zoster e da nevralgia pós-herpética estão associados ao envelhecimento da população. Estas patologias podem ser francamente debilitantes e ter um grande impacto na qualidade de vida dos doentes. Numa população envelhecida como a portuguesa, é esperado que o impacto do herpes zoster e da post-herpetic neuralgia aumentem. No entanto, não existe no país nenhum sistema específico de monitorização da doença e não foram encontrados dados epidemiológicos portugueses nas últimas décadas. A vacina contra o herpes zoster, já recomendada noutros países europeus, ainda não se encontra disponível em Portugal. Conhecer o impacto do herpes zoster é importante para fundamentar medidas de saúde pública relacionadas com a vacinação.Material e Métodos: Procedeu-se a uma análise retrospetiva da base de dados da Administração Central dos Sistemas de Saúde com a informação clínica codificada dos internamentos hospitalares de todos os indivíduos com o diagnóstico principal de herpes zoster (ICD-9-CM 053) e que tiveram alta entre 2000 e 2010.Resultados: Em Portugal, entre 2000 e 2010, ocorreram 1 706 internamentos hospitalares com o diagnóstico principal de herpes zoster. A maioria dos doentes era idosa. Do total de internados, 10,6% tinham formas potencialmente graves de imunocompromisso. A doença predominante de herpes zoster sem complicações, seguido de herpes zoster do sistema nervoso e oftálmico. A duração média dos internamentos foi de 9,3 dias, aumentando com a idade. A letalidade intra-hospitalar foi de 1%. Considerando o período de 2000-2009 e apenas a população adulta, a média anual da incidência dos internamentos hospitalares com o diagnóstico principal deherpes zoster foi de 1,9 por 100 000 habitantes, aumentando com a idade.Conclusão: Este estudo confirma que, em Portugal, as formas graves de herpes zoster estão relacionadas com a idade e associadas a

  7. [Disciplinary Actions in Gynecology and Obstetrics in the North of Portugal from Year 2008 to 2012].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, Francisco; Rodrigues E Rodrigues, Manuel; Bernardes, João

    2015-01-01

    Introdução: As ações disciplinares podem ter um impacto significativo na vida dos médicos e dos doentes. O objetivo deste trabalho foi a avaliação das ações disciplinares em Ginecologia e Obstetrícia ocorridas na região norte de Portugal nos anos 2008 a 2012.Material e Métodos: Estudo descritivo retrospetivo baseado nos dados anonimizados disponíveis nos relatórios anuais de atividades do Conselho Disciplinar da Seção Regional Norte da Ordem dos Médicos dos anos 2008 a 2012. Calculámos a proporção de ações disciplinares em Ginecologia e Obstetrícia sobre o número total de especialistas inscritos. Avaliámos também os tipos de queixoso, de arguido, de instituição, de queixa e de decisão envolvidos. Para comparação de proporções utilizámos intervalos de confiança de 95%.Resultados: De 2008 a 2012, registou-se um total de 1040 ações disciplinares na região norte de Portugal. A Ginecologia e Obstetrícia foi a quarta especialidade mais afetada, com 54 queixas, 43 das quais relacionadas com alegada negligência médica e a mais afetada, se considerarmos apenas este tipo de queixa. Os queixosos e os arguidos mais frequentes foram, respetivamente, doentes em nome próprio e profissionais do sexo feminino, com idade compreendida entre os 41 e 60 anos. Das 54 ações disciplinares registadas, 52 foram concluídas sem penalização e duas aguardam decisão.Discussão: Os resultados estão genericamente de acordo com os de outros autores.Conclusões: A Ginecologia e Obstetrícia foi a quarta especialidade com maior risco de ação disciplinar na região norte de Portugal nos anos 2008 a 2012 e a primeira se considerarmos só as queixas de alegada negligência médica. Todas as ações disciplinares foram arquivadas, sem penalização dos médicos visados, com exceção de duas que se encontram ainda em avaliação.

  8. Impacto da responsabilidade social sob a óptica empresarial do norte litoral de Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valentin Alejandro Martínez Fernández

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available La responsabilidad social surge en la literatura del siglo XIX y desde entonces ha ganado una mayor expresión, atención e interés de los estudiosos, empresarios y público en general, debido a su impacto en particular. Por lo tanto, la responsabi- lidad social ha tenido en las últimas décadas una fuerte expansión que ha llevado a su aplicabilidad en la estrategia empresarial. Hoy, académicos y hombres de negocios van juntos tratando nuevas estrategias que incluyen nuevas variables en un estudio propiciado por la aparición de nuevas formas de actividad empresarial y por la creación de redes sociales. Ante esta nueva situación, el propósito de este artículo es comprobar si hay un impacto en la adopción de prácticas de respon- sabilidad social de las empresas de Maia y, en caso afirmativo, si afecta positiva o negativamente a la imagen corporativa de las empresas en el litoral norte de Portugal. Este artículo se estructura en dos secciones. La primera consiste en una revisión de la literatura sobre el tema, presentando el tema principal de los marcos conceptuales para el análisis. La segunda parte consiste en un estudio empírico que utiliza un análisis multivariado factorial que permite la activación de las primeras conclusiones sobre el impacto de la responsabilidad social en Portugal, sobre todo en las empresas objeto de estudio. Se encontró en el estudio que la práctica de la responsabilidad social crea impacto en las acciones de las empresas, pero no se produce de manera significativa en sus resultados económicos.

  9. Ecos da Grande Depressão em Portugal: relatos, diagnósticos e soluções Echoes of the Great Depression in Portugal: reports, diagnostics, and solutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Luís Cardoso

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo analisa os efeitos da Grande Depressão em Portugal, destacando o modo como a gestão da crise resultou num instrumento de consolidação do regime político e económico do Estado Novo. É dada especial atenção à ação política e técnica desenvolvida por Salazar, que habilmente usou o seu cargo de ministro das Finanças para impor um conjunto de medidas que, aos olhos da opinião pública, reforça­ram a sua credibilidade e fortaleceram a sua liderança. O noticiário da crise na esfera pública e as soluções preconizadas por agentes económicos e políticos representativos de diversos interesses em presença são aspetos em destaque neste artigo, que procura introduzir alguns elementos de inovação na consolidada tradição historiográfica portuguesa relativa aos efeitos da Grande Depressão.This article discusses the impact of the Great Depression in Portugal during the crucial period when the foundations of the new authoritarian political regime of the Estado Novo (New State were being laid out. Special attention is given to the technical and political role played by Salazar, who managed to use his position as Finance Minister to establish an image of trustworthiness and solid leadership. In this article, we focus on the news about the crisis that circulated in the public sphere as well as on the solutions put forward by diverse representatives of political and economic interests, thus attempting to cast a new light on the already well developed historiographic tradition concerning the impact of the Great Depression in Portugal.

  10. Acolhimento Familiar em Portugal e Espanha: Uma Investigação Comparada sobre a Satisfação dos Acolhedores

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Delgado

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available ResumoEste estudo apresenta uma comparação entre as experiências de famílias de acolhimento de Portugal e Espanha, avaliando-se a sua satisfação com a informação recebida antes do acolhimento; a preparação da criança para o acolhimento; os apoios técnico e financeiro; e a evolução do processo de acolhimento. Pretende-se contribuir para melhorar e promover a medida de acolhimento familiar nos dois países. Os processos de acolhimento familiar dependem de fatores históricos e culturais que produzem diferenças importantes nos diversos contextos internacionais. Assim, foram realizadas entrevistas em duas amostras aleatórias constituídas por 52 famílias de acolhimento em Portugal e 46 na Espanha, cujos resultados foram comparados através de testes estatísticos paramétricos e não paramétricos. Os acolhedores, em ambos os países, mostraram um elevado grau de satisfação com o processo de acolhimento. No entanto, em Portugal, existe maior preocupação com o fraco apoio financeiro, as informações não fornecidas pelos serviços de acolhimento ou a má preparação da criança para o acolhimento. Por fim, são apresentadas sugestões para a melhoria da gestão e implementação desta resposta social.

  11. Detection of Dirofilaria repens microfilariae in a dog from Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maia, Carla; Lorentz, Susanne; Cardoso, Luís; Otranto, Domenico; Naucke, Torsten J

    2016-01-01

    Dirofilaria repens causes subcutaneous infection in dogs and cats, and is the main agent of human dirofilariosis in Europe. Detection of D. repens is described in a dog from Portugal, a finding that simultaneously represents the first presumable case of autochthonous infection with the parasite in any animal host species in the country. A mixed D. repens/Dirofilaria immitis infection (20:1 ratio) was found, with an overall density of 1267 microfilariae per millilitre of blood. Morphological features, including morphometry, and acid phosphatase histochemical staining confirmed identity of the two filarioids. Distribution of D. repens in Portugal should be further assessed at the population level both in vertebrate hosts and in vectors. Due to the zoonotic potential of the parasite, preventive measures such as the administration of microfilaricides and insect repellents should be put into practice to protect animals and public health.

  12. Molecular Identification of Borrelia miyamotoi in Ixodes ricinus from Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nunes, Mónica; Parreira, Ricardo; Lopes, Nádia; Maia, Carla; Carreira, Teresa; Sousa, Carmelita; Faria, Sofia; Campino, Lenea; Vieira, M Luísa

    2015-08-01

    Borrelia miyamotoi, a relapsing fever spirochete, has been found recently in Ixodes ricinus ticks; however, little is known about its spatial distribution and potential local impact on human health. A total of 640 ticks (447 nymphs and 193 adults) collected throughout Portugal were analyzed using two nested PCR protocols, one targeting the flagellin gene and the other the internal transcribed space region between the 5S and the 23S rRNA. As a result, B. miyamotoi was detected, for the first time, in one guesting I. ricinus nymph collected in the Lisboa district. In addition, a prevalence of 11% (71/640) for B. burgdorferi sensu lato was obtained. Even though no human relapsing fever cases due to infection by B. miyamotoi have been reported yet in Portugal, surveillance must be improved to provide better insight into the prevalence and distribution of this spirochete in ticks.

  13. [Cutaneous loxoscelism in Portugal: a rare cause of dermonecrosis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coutinho, Inês; Rocha, Sónia; Ferreira, Maria Eugénia; Vieira, Ricardo; Cordeiro, Margarida Robalo; Reis, José Pedro

    2014-01-01

    Cutaneous loxoscelism is an exceptional diagnosis in Portugal, regardless of the documented presence of Loxosceles rufescens.We report a 33-year old female patient presenting to our clinic after having visualized a bite from a spider in the inner aspect of the right thigh. Afterwards, she developed a warm, painful erythematous plaque, progressing to skin necrosis and torpid ulcer formation. Considering the failure of conservative measures, surgical debridement of the ulcer followed by repair using an O-Z plasty achieved good functional outcome. Definite diagnosis of cutaneous loxoscelism may be difficult since it relies on the visualization of the bite, capture of the spider for identification and typical clinical features. This case meets several criteria that allow the establishment of a causative link between spider bite and dermonecrosis. It is, to the best of our knowledge, the first diagnosis of loxoscelism reported in Portugal.

  14. PRESENT STATUS OF THE MAIN SHADS’ POPULATIONS IN PORTUGAL.

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    COSTA M. J.

    2001-07-01

    Full Text Available The allis shad (Alosa alosa and the twaite shad (Alosa fallax are anadromous migratory species, which are threatened not only in Portugal but also in most of their geographic area of distribution. Overfishing and illegal fishing, pollution, physical barriers and river-bed changes seem to be the main reasons for the populations gradual decline. The progressive reduction in the numbers of anadromous fish registered in the last decades in some Portuguese river basins requires urgent action, namely the implementation of measures to promote the recovery of those populations. The current status of shads populations in Portugal is discussed, and the distribution along the main Portuguese watersheds and major threats to these species are presented, as well.

  15. [Politicized sexualities: AIDS activism and sexual orientation in Portugal].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santos, Ana Cristina

    2002-01-01

    This article analyzes how both the Portuguese state and civil society have addressed the AIDS issue, focusing on participation by the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transsexual community (LGBT) in the struggle against AIDS. The article begins by describing the situation of LGBT individuals in Portugal during the 1990s, when the Portuguese LGBT movement emerged and grew, and then characterizes the evolution of HIV/AIDS in Portugal, analyzing the relationship between civil society and sexuality in general and the situation of the epidemic in the country in particular, considering key facts, nongovernmental organizations, and state initiatives. Special attention is given to the role played by LGBT organizations in the struggle against HIV. Finally, the article reflects on the future of the struggle against both AIDS and discrimination in the 21st century, considering recent events in the country and the guidelines recommended by international policies.

  16. Human case of West Nile neuroinvasive disease in Portugal, summer 2015.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zé-Zé, Líbia; Proença, Paula; Osório, Hugo C; Gomes, Salomé; Luz, Teresa; Parreira, Paulo; Fevereiro, Miguel; Alves, Maria João

    2015-01-01

    A case of West Nile virus (WNV) infection was reported in the Algarve region, Portugal, in the first week of September 2015. WNV is known to circulate in Portugal, with occasional reports in horses and birds (2004 to 2011) and very sporadically human cases (in 2004 and in 2010). Here we present the clinical and laboratory aspects related to the first human case of West Nile neuroinvasive disease reported in Portugal.

  17. Portugal and United States cooperative energy assessment. Volume 3. Reference reports, Part 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1981-09-01

    Statistical data on energy production and consumption and supporting information were obtained from US Bureau of Mines records supplemented by additional data obtained in Portugal. Geologic descriptions and analysis of known areas and of areas having possible future potential have been prepared by the US Geological Survey. Portugal lacks sufficient indigenous supplies of organic fuels to meet its energy demands, and so must import large quantities of petroleum and coal. Approximately 80% of Portugal's electric energy is produced by hydroelectric stations; thermal stations produce the other 20%. Portugal has produced no crude oil, natural gas, or condensate; no resources or reserves in these categories are listed for Portugal in the 1976 World Energy Conference report. Until the last year or so (1980), no significant onshore petroleum exploration had been done in Portugal since 1963. Production of coal in Portugal has declined steadily to the present annual yield of about 200,000 metric tons. On the basis of estimates in only three coal fields, resources of coal of all ranks in Portugal total at least 76 million (10/sup 6/) metric tons. Uranium is mined near Viseu and Guarda in the northern part of Portugal; the Nisa mine in east-central Portugal will begin producing uranium ore in 1985 after installation of a processing plant. Portugal produced 95 metric tons of uranium oxide (U/sub 3/O/sub 8/) from ore stocks in each year from 1972 through 1974; production is assumed to have continued at the same rate since then. Geothermal energy has not been developed in mainland Portugal; however, hot springs that may have geothermal energy potential are known in the Minho district in the northwest. Geothermal energy resources exist in the Azores and a program of evaluation and exploration with technical assistance from the USGS is presently in progress there.

  18. Thermal performance of a passive solar office building in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Gonçalves, Helder; Silva, António Rocha e; Rodrigues, Carlos

    2008-01-01

    This paper presents the thermal performance of a Passive Solar Office Building in Portugal in winter and summer 2006 and 2007. This Building, called Solar XXI, pretends to be an example of passive design both for heating and cooling. It contains a direct gain system assisted by a solar thermal system for winter conditions. In summer a ground cooling system (buried pipes) is used to cool the building, together with night cooling strategies. It also integrate in the vertical south envelope a Ph...

  19. Participation in lifelong learning in Portugal and the UK

    OpenAIRE

    Ingham, Hilary; Ingham, Mike; Adelino Afonso, Jose

    2013-01-01

    Lifelong learning (LLL) has now been on the agenda of the European Union and other major international organizations for some considerable time, with the European institutions stressing the need that such learning should be available to all, especially hard to reach groups. This paper seeks to explore LLL participation in Portugal and the UK, two countries at opposite ends of the adult learning spectrum and having very different labour market and educational contexts. Using Labour Force Surve...

  20. Images outside the mirror? Mozambique and Portugal in world history

    OpenAIRE

    Meneses, Maria Paula

    2011-01-01

    "The author, speaking as a Mozambican researcher living and working in Portugal, examines the different types of knowledge about the history of the colonial relationship and the independence movement produced in the two countries. The colonial project entailed the construction of (at least) two divergent narratives on the meanings of the Portuguese presence in Mozambique, narratives that render difficult any possibility of mutual recognition. Colonialism involved much forgetting and silencing...

  1. Energy efficiency and renewable energy systems in Portugal and Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Poul Alberg Østergaard

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This article presents a review of the energy situation in Brazil and Portugal; two countries which are both characterised by high utilisation of renewable energy sources though with differences between them. The article also introduces contemporary energy research conducted on the two countries and presented at The 1st International Congress on Energy & Environment ranging from electricity end-use analyses, electricity production analyses to socio-economic assessment and large-scale energy scenarios.

  2. [Patterns and specific features of immigration in Portugal].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Machado, F L

    1997-06-01

    "With...present international migration trends as its scenario, this article analyses the growth of immigration in Portugal, emphasising four main aspects: the balance between immigration and the recent resumption of emigration; the factors which have favoured the entry of immigrants; the composition of these immigrants in terms of country of origin; and the specific characteristics of Portuguese immigration in the context of the European Union." (EXCERPT)

  3. Photovoltaic energy mini-generation: Future perspectives for Portugal

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carvalho, Duarte [Physics Department, University of Evora, R. Romao Ramalho, 59, 7000-671 Evora (Portugal); Wemans, Joao [WS Energia SA, Taguspark Edificio Tecnologia II, Pav. 46, 2740-257 Porto Salvo (Portugal); Lima, Joao [Agropower, Moinho de Pisoes, Santana do Campo, 7040-130 Arraiolos (Portugal); Malico, Isabel, E-mail: imbm@uevora.pt [Physics Department, University of Evora, R. Romao Ramalho, 59, 7000-671 Evora (Portugal); IDMEC/IST, Technical University of Lisbon, Mechanical Engineering Department, Av. Rovisco Pais, 1049-001 Lisbon (Portugal)

    2011-09-15

    This paper evaluates the benefits of developing the mini-generation PV market in Portugal. It presents the legal framework and current status of the Portuguese PV electricity sector, and compares the country to other European nations: France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Spain and the United Kingdom. A model that combines PVGIS with a self-developed financial tool is used to assess the feasibility of a 150 kW mini-generation system using five different technologies: fixed mount, single-axis tracking, double-axis tracking, low concentration and medium concentration (MCPV). The profitability of the mini-generation systems in the seven countries studied is calculated and compared. According to this analysis, MCPV and, of the conventional technologies, the single-axis tracking systems are the most profitable technologies. Despite the attractiveness of the current Portuguese feed-in tariffs and of the abundant solar resource, investors are discouraged and the country's PV market is far from mature. Specific mini-generation regulations should focus on a fast and transparent licensing procedure and should promote the access to financing. This would attract new investments, which would result in the growth of the PV electricity produced, and would help Portugal to meet its European Union Renewable Energy targets. - Highlights: > This work promotes the development of a mini-generation PV market in Portugal. > The Portuguese current status and legal framework is compared to other EU countries. > The profitability of 5 different PV technologies is compared for 7 European countries. > The Portuguese growth potential for PV energy is still big. > Portugal, due to its radiation levels, presents excellent investment opportunities.

  4. Training requirements for agro-food industry in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Pedro D. Gaspar; Rita Pinheiro; Cláudia Domingues; Celestino Almeida; Teresa Paiva; Pereira, Carlos D.; Manuela Vaz-Velho

    2015-01-01

    Agro-food companies are aware that the technical and soft skills of their employees directly influence business performance and, consequently, improving those skills will enhance the effectiveness and efficiency of their companies. This paper presents the main results of the AgriTraining project “Training requirements for the agro-food industry". Activities in pursuit of the objectives of this project involved: (1) analysis of the training needs in the agro-food industry in Portugal; (2) anal...

  5. Epidemiological review of Toxoplasma gondii infection in humans and animals in Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopes, A P; Dubey, J P; Dardé, M-L; Cardoso, L

    2014-11-01

    Toxoplasmosis is a worldwide zoonosis. However, data from Portugal are limited and a considerable part of the literature is in Portuguese. Currently, the rate of congenital infection in Portugal is unknown, and almost nothing is known of sequelae of congenital toxoplasmosis. There is no recent general population-based serological survey of Toxoplasma gondii in humans in Portugal. In addition, there is little information on genetic characteristics of T. gondii in animals and humans. In the present paper, we review prevalence, clinical spectrum and epidemiology of T. gondii in humans and animals in Portugal. This knowledge should be useful to biologists, public health workers, physicians and veterinarians.

  6. Societal costs and burden of otitis media in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Speets AM

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Anouk Speets1, Judith Wolleswinkel1, Cristina Cardoso21Pallas health research and consultancy, Rotterdam, the Netherlands; 2GlaxoSmithKline, Algés, PortugalAbstract: This study aimed to estimate the resource consumption and societal impact of otitis media (OM in children younger than five years of age in Portugal. An Internet survey on generic childhood symptoms and diseases was administered to a sample of parents. This self-report survey had been previously implemented in other European countries. Medically confirmed OM was defined as symptoms of earache or “running ear” and/or a diagnosis of OM provided by a medical doctor. Direct medical, nonmedical, and indirect nonmedical costs were calculated for individual cases. Mean total costs per OM episode were estimated at €334. This corresponds to an estimated societal impact of 72 million €/year, of which 39% were indirect nonmedical costs. An epidemiological study should help to confirm the results of this study, and evaluate whether an intervention to reduce the occurrence and/or duration of OM may have an impact on societal costs and quality of life for affected families.Keywords: otitis media, costs, societal burden, Portugal

  7. Taxation of Insolvent Companies: Empirical Evidence in Portugal

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    Ana Cristina dos Santos Arromba Dinis

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the issue of taxation of insolvent companies in Portugal, particularly regarding the Portuguese tax on revenue of legal entities (IRC. For this purpose, first, some considerations on the legal framework of insolvent companies are woven and, second, their tax regime is analyzed. Then, a brief review of the main studies that, in the international context, analyze and debate major issues derived from the tax regime of insolvent companies is conducted, particularly in Brazil, Spain, United States, and Italy. Finally, there are the results of an empirical study conducted in Portugal, in 2013, which evaluates and compares the opinions of insolvency administrators (IA, the tax and customs authority (TA, and court magistrates (CM, in order to contribute to a better solution concerning business taxation under this regime. Respondents (IA, TA, CM demonstrate objective thinking about the fact they believe it is very important that the Portuguese Code of Insolvency and Business Recovery (CIRE and the Portuguese Code of Tax on Revenue of Legal Entities (CIRC are modified, now to make clear whether the settlement of property ownership of an insolvent estate is liable to the IRC, then to assign a chapter specifically devoted to the subject of taxation on insolvency in Portugal.

  8. The Role of Portugal in the International Context

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    Pablo Antonio Fernández Sánchez

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available A year ago, Portugal celebrated the twenty-fifth anniversary of the so-called Revolution of the Carnations, which marked the beginning of an unstoppable process of democratization and the ensuing full incorporation of Portugal into the institutionalized international community. The Portugal’s opting for orderly decolonialization and full integration into the world of international law has twice brought it a non-permanent seat on the United Nations Security Council and also the Presidency of the UN General Assembly. In the area of security and defense, Portugal began an unprecedented change of course. Its traditional alliance with NATO has been strengthened by new strategic concepts and by its incorporation into new peacekeeping and international security programs in organizations such as the UN, the Western European Union, the OSCE, and even withinthe framework of the European Union where it participates quite actively in accordance with its level in relation to the other members. Also analyzed are the process of incorporation into Community institutions and its direct, precise participation in the evolution they have followed in recent years, with it now being fully integrated into all the areas of regional integration from the "eurozone” to the Schengen framework. The article also points out the gains this very rational choice has brought. Finally, the changes that have come about in bilateral relations with Spain are analyzed.

  9. The use of sperm whale ivory in Chalcolithic Portugal

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    Schuhmacher, Thomas X.

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Scientific analysis were undertaken within a research project concerning ivory objects from the Chalcolithic to Early Bronze Age of the Iberian Peninsula. In several of the analyses of objects from Portuguese Estremadura, especially V-perforated buttons, we could detect for the first time the presence of sperm whale ivory. This highlights the advantage and necessity of scientific analysis of ivory. It also clearly demonstrates that not all ivory used was ivory from African or Asian elephants, but we also did find ivory from the extinct Elephas antiquus, the hippopotamus and in this case sperm-whale. Thus, already in the Chalcolithic the raw material provenience was highly diverse, which in the absence of scientific analysis might lead to an erroneous interpretation of prehistoric exchange networks. Different methods, including optical microscopy, measurement of hardness and specific gravity, Micro-Raman Spectroscopy, elemental analysis and Isotopic Ratio Mass Spectrometry have been applied. In this paper we present these methods and the results, and we discuss about the implications of these results for the reconstruction of prehistoric economy and life in this region. Finally, taking into account the natural conditions as well as prehistoric and historic data of whale hunting and scavenging of beached animals, we conclude that the most plausible explanation for the presence of sperm whale ivory in Chalcolithic Portugal is the use of the teeth obtained from stranded animals. This interpretation is possible because of the human populations using this ivory are those living close to the sea and exploiting – among others– marine resources.En el marco de un proyecto de investigación sobre objetos de marfil del Calcolítico al Bronce Antiguo en la Península Ibérica efectuamos análisis científicos. En varios de los objetos de la Estremadura portuguesa, en especial en los botones con perforación en V, detectamos por primera vez la presencia

  10. La promoción y gestión de los polígonos industriales en la Eurorregión Galicia-Norte de Portugal Promotion and management in industrial states of the Euroregion Galicia-North of Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesús García-Arca

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available En un entorno global, para reforzar la competitividad de las empresas es necesario adoptar políticas de desarrollo de infraestructuras logísticas y de polígonos industriales. Sin embargo, a pesar del impacto económico y social que generan estos polígonos industriales, su adecuada promoción y gestión no se ha destacado, especialmente en España. En este contexto, este artículo profundiza en las causas que conducen a una deficiente promoción y gestión de los polígonos industriales, proponiendo líneas de actuación su mejora. Para ilustrar esta problemática general, se analiza la promoción y gestión de los polígonos industriales en la Eurorregión Galicia-Norte de Portugal (provincia de Pontevedra en España y la zona de Minho-Lima en el distrito portugués de Viana do Castelo. Si bien el estudio de campo se centra en el ámbito fronterizo de la Eurorregión Galicia-Norte de Portugal, las conclusiones y recomendaciones del estudio son perfectamente extrapolables al resto de España y Portugal.This paper not only makes a deep analysis of the main causes that imply problems in promotion and management in industrial estates, but also proposes an action plan to improve the current situation. In order to illustrate these problems, the situation of industrial estates in the Euroregion Galicia-North of Portugal (Pontevedra area in Spain and Minho-Lima area in Viana do Castelo, Portugal was presented. Although the study focused only on these geographical areas (55 companies, the conclusions and recommendations could be easily extrapolated to the rest of Spain and Portugal. Among these conclusions, the need for a better strategy to locate new industrial estates, for a higher development of services and infrastructures, and for the adoption of suitable organizational schemes to the maintenance of industrial estates, could be outlined.

  11. Dinâmicas e processos de inovaçâo em regiôes do interior de Portugal: caso de estudo = Dynamics and processes of innovation in the interior regions of Portugal: a case study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Manuela Natario

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo tiene como objetivo analizar la dinámica y los procesos de innovación en las regiones interiores del centro de Portugal buscando identificar los factores que estimulan la dinámica territorial de la innovación. La preocupación por la dinámica de la innovación ha sido objeto de varios estudios en el contexto de los sistemas regionales de innovación y, más recientemente, se encuadra en el desarrollo del Modelo “Triple Hélix” (Etzkowitz y Leydesdorff, 2000; Dzisah y Etzkowitz, 2009. Este modelo integra el estudio de la interacción entre las hélices para promover la innovación. El estudio empírico se centra en las empresas de tres distritos interiores de la zona Centro de Portugal (Castelo Branco, Guarda y Viseu. Desde el punto de vista de la metodología, para la realización del estudio se envió un cuestionario a las empresas de estos tres distritos y se ha utilizado la aplicación de análisis estadístico multivariante “k-means clustering” para detectar patrones de comportamiento de las empresas relativos a su dinámica de innovación respecto al perfil de la región en términos de innovación, al espíritu de iniciativa empresarial, a la cooperación con las instituciones de enseñanza superior y a la proactividad de las instituciones públicas. Para verificar las hipótesis propuestas se recurrió a aplicación de tests de comparación múltiple de valores medios para estudiar las características únicas de cada grupo.The main objective of this paper is analysis the dynamics and processes of innovation in regions of interior centre of Portugal, seeking to identify factors that stimulate the territorial dynamics of innovation. The dynamics of innovation has been the subject of several studies in the context of regional innovation systems and more recently has been considered in the Model "Triple Helix" (Etzkowitz and Leydesdorff, 2000; Dzisah and Etzkowitz, 2009. This model integrates the interaction

  12. [The geography of diabetes mellitus in Portugal: how context influence the risk of dying].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santana, Paula; Costa, Cláudia; Loureiro, Adriana; Raposo, João; Boavida, José Manuel

    2014-01-01

    Introdução: A Diabetes Mellitus é um problema de saúde pública em crescimento em todo o mundo e também em Portugal. Pretendemos identificar a evolução do padrão geográfico desta causa de morte e a associação com a privação sociomaterial, em Portugal. Material e Métodos: Estudo ecológico transversal dos óbitos por Diabetes Mellitus ocorridos nos municípios portugueses em três períodos (1989-1993, 1999-2003 e 2006-2010). Aplicámos um modelo hierárquico bayesiano, de modo a obter a Razão Padronizada de Mortalidade Suavizada e o Risco Relativo, de mortalidade por diabetes associado à privação sociomaterial. Resultados: Observámos os valores da Razão Padronizada de Mortalidade Suavizada mais elevados, em 1989-1993, nos municípios urbanos do litoral (80% dos municípios com Razão Padronizada de Mortalidade Suavizada ≥ 161, sendo 60% urbanos); em 2006-2010 verificámos o oposto, destacando-se, pelos valores de Razão Padronizada de Mortalidade Suavizada elevados, as áreas rurais localizadas no interior sul do país (76,9% dos municípios com Razão Padronizada de Mortalidade Suavizada ≥ 161 sendo 69,2% rurais), principalmente no Alentejo. O Risco Relativo de mortalidade por Diabetes Mellitus aumenta com o aumento da vulnerabilidade associada às condições sociais e económicas da área de residência, principalmente nos dois últimos períodos (Risco Relativo: 1,00; IC95%: 0,98-1,02). Discussão: A Diabetes Mellitus apresenta um padrão geográfico marcado pela assimetria litoral-interior e urbano-rural, que tem vindo a alterar-se ao longo dos últimos vinte anos, verificando-se uma transição geográfica: 48% da população reside em municípios em que a Razão Padronizada de Mortalidade Suavizada aumentou nos últimos vinte anos, com destaque para as áreas rurais do interior de Portugal. Conclusão: As Razões Padronizadas de Mortalidade Suavizada mais elevadas verificam-se, actualmente, em municípios rurais, com índice de priva

  13. Moisture Sources and Large-Scale Dynamics Associated with a Flash Flood Event in Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liberato, Margarida L. R.; Ramos, Alexandre M.; Trigo, Ricardo M.; Trigo, Isabel F.; María Durán-Quesada, Ana; Nieto, Raquel; Gimeno, Luis

    2013-04-01

    through FCT (Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, Portugal) through project STORMEx FCOMP-01-0124-FEDER-019524 (PTDC/AAC-CLI/121339/2010). Margarida L. R. Liberato was also supported by a FCT grant (SFRH/BPD/45080/2008). Liberato M. L. R., A. M. Ramos, R. M. Trigo, I. F. Trigo, A. M. Durán-Quesada, R. Nieto, and L. Gimeno (2012) Moisture Sources and Large-scale Dynamics Associated with a Flash Flood Event. Lagrangian Modeling of the Atmosphere, Geophysical Monograph Series (in press). Stohl, A., and P. James (2004), A Lagrangian analysis of the atmospheric branch of the global water cycle. Part I: Method description, validation, and demonstration for the August 2002 flooding in central Europe, J. Hydrometeorol., 5, 656-678. Stohl, A., and P. James (2005), A Lagrangian analysis of the atmospheric branch of the global water cycle. Part II: Earth's river catchments, ocean basins, and moisture transports between them, J. Hydrometeorol., 6, 961-984. Zêzere, J. L., R. M. Trigo, and I. F. Trigo (2005), Shallow and deep landslides induced by rainfall in the Lisbon region (Portugal): Assessment of relationships with the North Atlantic Oscillation, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 5, 331-344.

  14. Atmospheric circulation classification comparison based on wildfires in Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pereira, M. G.; Trigo, R. M.

    2009-04-01

    Atmospheric circulation classifications are not a simple description of atmospheric states but a tool to understand and interpret the atmospheric processes and to model the relation between atmospheric circulation and surface climate and other related variables (Radan Huth et al., 2008). Classifications were initially developed with weather forecasting purposes, however with the progress in computer processing capability, new and more robust objective methods were developed and applied to large datasets prompting atmospheric circulation classification methods to one of the most important fields in synoptic and statistical climatology. Classification studies have been extensively used in climate change studies (e.g. reconstructed past climates, recent observed changes and future climates), in bioclimatological research (e.g. relating human mortality to climatic factors) and in a wide variety of synoptic climatological applications (e.g. comparison between datasets, air pollution, snow avalanches, wine quality, fish captures and forest fires). Likewise, atmospheric circulation classifications are important for the study of the role of weather in wildfire occurrence in Portugal because the daily synoptic variability is the most important driver of local weather conditions (Pereira et al., 2005). In particular, the objective classification scheme developed by Trigo and DaCamara (2000) to classify the atmospheric circulation affecting Portugal have proved to be quite useful in discriminating the occurrence and development of wildfires as well as the distribution over Portugal of surface climatic variables with impact in wildfire activity such as maximum and minimum temperature and precipitation. This work aims to present: (i) an overview the existing circulation classification for the Iberian Peninsula, and (ii) the results of a comparison study between these atmospheric circulation classifications based on its relation with wildfires and relevant meteorological

  15. Cuidados Paliativos em Portugal: configuração e desenvolvimento da formação breve, graduada e pós-graduada

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    Maria Irene Lopes Carvalho

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Este texto tem como objectivo analisar a evolução da oferta formativa e educativa em cuidados paliativos em Portugal. Problematiza a noção de cuidados paliativos e analisa o quadro legal em Portugal e nas orientações europeias quanto à educação/formação nesta área. Para a concretização deste objectivo adoptou-se uma metodologia qualitativa e privilegiou-se a pesquisa bibliográfica, consulta de sites e contactos telefónicos com entidades que oferecem formação nesta área e também entrevistas a informantes privilegiados. A formação adquirida noutros países foi integrada nestes últimos anos no ensino superior público e privado em Portugal. O setor público com uma oferta muito específica nesta área, e o setor privado com uma oferta mais heterogénea. Salienta-se também o fato de tanto o setor público como o setor privado desenvolverem formações breves, em contexto de trabalho nomeadamente em unidades de cuidados paliativos.

  16. Pensar o homem como corpo: a cunhagem Simbólica em Portugal e Espanha (século 19 - Thinking man as body: symbolic coinage in Portugal and Spain (19th century

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    José Viegas Brás

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Neste artigo investigamos a construção do corpo pelos manuais de civilidade publicados em Portugal e em Espanha no século 19. Os manuais de civilidade constituíram um mecanismo de poder-saber disciplinador da burguesia em ascensão eque marcaram certo processo de subjectivação. A partir do corpo estabeleceu-se uma nova ordem, que elevou o orgânico ao funcional e simbólico, em sintonia com a classe burguesa em ascensão, e que buscou orientar cada indivíduo a constituir-se como um sujeito moral, dando-lhe distinção e prestígio.Palavras-chave: corpo, história, manuais, civilidade.THINKING MAN AS BODY: SYMBOLIC COINAGE IN PORTUGAL AND SPAIN (19TH CENTURYAbstractIn this paper, we study the construction of the body through civility course books published in Portugaland Spainin the 19th century. The civility course books were a mechanism of power-knowledge relationship disciplinary of the rising bourgeoisie which un le as he da certain process of subjectivity. From the body a new order was set up, which raised the organic to functional and symbolic-in line with the growing bourgeois class-and guide de ach individual to establish him/herself as a moral subject, giving him/her distinction and prestige.Key-words: body, history, manuals, civility.PENSANDO EN EL HOMBRE COMO CUERPO: INVENCIÓN SIMBÓLICAEN PORTUGAL Y ESPAÑA (SIGLO 19ResumenEn este trabajo, investigamos la construcción del cuerpo a través de los manuales de civilidad publicado en Portugal y en España en el siglo 19. Los manuales de civilidad eran un mecanismo de poder-saber disciplinador de la burguesía naciente que marcaron cierto proceso de subjetividad. Partiendo del cuerpo, si establece un nuevo orden que eleva el orgánico al funcional y simbólico, según la naciente burguesía, y que guío a cada individuo para constituirse como sujeto moral, dándole prestigio y distinción.Palabras-clave: cuerpo, historia, manuales, civilidad.PENSER L'HOMME COMME CORPS

  17. The efficacy and safety of natalizumab for the treatment of multiple sclerosis in Portugal: a retrospective study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sousa, L; de Sa, J; Sa, M J; Cerqueira, J J; Martins-Silva, A

    2014-11-01

    Introduccion. Los estudios han demostrado que el natalizumab constituye un tratamiento eficaz contra la esclerosis multiple remitente recurrente (EMRR). Hasta la fecha, no habia datos de pacientes portugueses. Objetivo. Determinar la eficacia y la seguridad del natalizumab en pacientes con EMRR atendidos en la practica clinica ordinaria en Portugal. Pacientes y metodos. Los datos clinicos de adultos con EMRR tratados con natalizumab en centros especializados de neurologia en Portugal se introdujeron de forma retrospectiva en una base de datos para llevar a cabo un analisis entre octubre de 2010 y febrero de 2012. Se analizo el cambio en la tasa anualizada de brotes (TAB), en las puntuaciones de la escala ampliada de discapacidad (EDSS) y en el estado de discapacidad. Resultados. Se admitio un total de 383 pacientes atendidos en 20 centros. Antes de iniciar el tratamiento con natalizumab, la mediana inicial de la EDSS era de 4,0 y la TAB media, de 1,64. La mayor parte de los pacientes ya habia recibido tratamiento contra la esclerosis multiple (93,0%). La duracion media del tratamiento con natalizumab era de 12 meses. El tratamiento propicio reducciones significativas (p = 12 meses (n = 288) y durante >= 24 meses (n = 160). El natalizumab resulto mas eficaz en los pacientes que presentaban un menor grado de discapacidad (EDSS discapacidad y en aquellos que no han recibido ningun tratamiento modificador de la enfermedad hasta el momento.

  18. Training of teachers in the context of the first Republic in Portugal: guidelines for understanding of a policy

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    António Gomes Ferreira

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we set out to study teacher training in the framework of the First Republic of Portugal (1910-1926. Republicanism embodied a project of the refounding of the nation, which found in education the means of achieving such aspiration. Believing in human plasticity, it elected education, aligned with scientific development, through the path of schooling, as the tool for shaping the new Republican citizen. Teachers had a crucial part to play in this project. Addressing legislation, file sources (exercises, summary books, assignments, inter allia, printed sources (books, workbooks, etc. and specialised media on education and teaching, we discuss training programmes for primary and secondary education teachers. We look into the virtues of its implementation and submit our reading thereof, comparing regular primary education to regular teacher training. We conduct an in depth analysis of the curricula and the training guidelines, focusing in particular on the study plans and their components, from scientific education, the specialisation in the area of expertise and psycho-pedagogy, to teaching practice.Received:  26/10/2013 / Accepted: 17/11/2013How to reference this articleGomes Ferreira, A., Mota, L. (2014. Formación de profesorado en el contexto de la Primera República en Portugal: pautas para la comprensión de una política. Foro de Educación, 12(17, pp. 45-68. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.14516/fde.2014.012.017.003

  19. Paradigmas administrativos, ética e intervenção do Estado na economia: o caso de Portugal

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    João Bilhim

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Muita atenção tem sido dada na literatura administrativa e organizacional aos valores que guiam o comportamento organizacional e de gestão pública e privada. Todavia, o separador de águas entre a gestão pública e a privada manteve-se ao longo do tempo, com altos e baixos, como ponto controverso na literatura específica da administração e políticas públicas e do direito administrativo. A influência da Nova Gestão Pública (NGP na reforma administrativa em Portugal é amplamente reconhecida em Portugal. Foram muitos os governos que, nos países da oecd, tomaram iniciativas idênticas. Há porém uma diferença acentuada entre a reforma administrativa dos países anglófonos e a dos países da Europa continental. Ora, tal diferença parece radicar no papel que o direito administrativo tem nestes países europeus e que não tem nos sistemas de Common Law. Este artigo quer contribuir para o debate da existência de dois paradigmas administrativos onde a separação entre gestão privada e pública parece colocar-se de forma diferenciada e a ética assume distinta ponderação.

  20. [Epidemiological study of place of death in Portugal in 2010 and comparison with the preferences of the Portuguese population].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gomes, Barbara; Sarmento, Vera P; Ferreira, Pedro Lopes; Higginson, Irene J

    2013-01-01

    Introdução: No contexto de um envelhecimento acentuado da população e aumento da mortalidade por doenças crónicas, este estudo epidemiológico nacional compara os locais onde as pessoas morrem com as preferências da população.Material e Métodos: Dados de óbitos em 2010 por género, grupo etário, região de residência (NUTS II) e local de morte (hospital/clínica, domicílio e outro), em pessoas com 16 anos ou mais, foram cedidos pelo Instituto Nacional de Estatística. Dados de preferências da população para local de morte obtiveram-se em 2010 através do inquérito telefónico PRISMA. Compara-se a distribuição de óbitos por local de morte com as preferências da população, segundo variáveis independentes, através de análise descritiva e inferencial.Resultados: Dos 105 471 óbitos que ocorreram em Portugal em 2010, 61,7% deram-se em hospitais/clínicas e 29,6% no domicílio. Dos 1 286 residentes em Portugal que participaram no inquérito PRISMA, 51,2% expressaram preferência por morrer em casa, 35,7% escolheram uma unidade de cuidados paliativos, 8,9% o hospital e 2,2% lar ou residência.Discussão e Conclusão: Existe um desfasamento substancial entre a realidade e preferências para local de morte em Portugal. Para ir ao encontro destas preferências é prioridade nacional desenvolver serviços de cuidados paliativos domiciliários, que previnam o aumento de óbitos hospitalares e que apoiem a morte em casa, com qualidade e respeitando preferências individuais. Recomenda-se a alteração das categorias de local de óbito no certificado oficial, com inclusão das opções ‘unidade de cuidados paliativos’ e ‘lar ou residência’, dado que as preferências dos cidadãos distinguem claramente entre estes locais.

  1. Entre Deux Drapeaux: Les ouvriers capverdiens au Portugal pendant la période revolutionnaire (1974-1976

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    Antoine Acker

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Marqués par un climat de décolonisation, les mois qui suivirent la Révolution des Oeillets (25 avril 1974 constituèrent une période d’incertitude pour les Capverdiens vivant et travaillant en tant qu’ouvriers au Portugal. Axé sur cet interstice historique de création d’identités post-coloniales (1974-1976, cet article s’interroge sur la marge d’action des ouvriers capverdiens vivant entre deux nations (le Portugal et le Cap Vert encore à (réinventer. Ainsi, l’article s’intéresse aux politiques et aux comportements adoptés par les acteurs sociaux portugais et capverdiens à l’encontre des migrants, mais aussi aux stratégies des migrants eux-mêmes face à l’incertitude, aux crises, et aux phénomènes d’exclusion qui eurent lieu durant la période révolutionnaire.Marcados por um contexto de descolonização, os meses que se seguiram à Revolução dos Cravos (25 de Abril de 1974 constituíram um período de incerteza para os cabo-verdianos que viviam e trabalhavam em Portugal como operários. Centrado nesse interstício histórico de construção de identidades pós-coloniais (1974-1976, este artigo interroga-se sobre a margem de manobra dos trabalhadores cabo-verdianos a viver entre duas nações (Portugal e Cabo Verde ainda por (reinventar. O artigo toma em consideração as políticas e os comportamentos adoptados pelos actores sociais portugueses e cabo-verdianos em relação aos imigrantes, mas também as estratégias dos próprios imigrantes face à incerteza, às crises e aos fenómenos de exclusão que tiveram lugar durante o período revolucionário.

  2. Ceramic properties of clay from the Asseiceira quarry at Tomar, Portugal

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    Coroado, J.

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available The clay mined at the Asseiceira quarry near the city of Tomar, Portugal, has traditionally been used to manufacture hollow brick. However, since an assessment has shown the ceramic properties of the strata to vary, the quarry could potentially produce clay blends of different qualities to form raw materials appropriate for items demanded by different market segments, such as high quality facing brick and roof or floor tiles. The composition and texture of the various clay materials identified in the Asseiceira quarry were characterized using analytical techniques such as X-ray diffraction (XRD, X-ray fluorescence (XRF, Atterberg limits and grain size analysis The phases resulting from the thermal transformations taking place during drying and firing were identified with thermogravimetric (TG, differential scanning calorimetric (DSC, and thermodilatometric (TD techniques. Finally, certain relevant ceramic properties such as linear shrinkage, bending strength and water absorption at 875 °C, 950 °C, 1025 °C and 1100 °C were determined on the raw material after extrusion.

    Las arcillas de la cantera de Asseiceira, localizadas cerca de la ciudad de Tomar (Portugal, han sido utilizadas tradicional mente en la fabricación de ladrillos. Sin embargo, el estudio de muestras procedentes de distintas capas de la cantera, ha mostrado que sus propiedades cerámicas son diferentes, lo que hace posible la formulación con diferentes grados de calidad apropiados para aprovisionar a distintos sectores del mercado de materiales cerámicos para la construcción. En este trabajo se exponen los resultados de la caracterización de los materiales arcillosos identificados en la cantera de Asseiceira mediante difracción de rayos-X (DRX, fluorescencia de rayos-X (FRX, plasticidad de Atterberg y análisis granulométrico. Las transformaciones térmicas que tienen lugar durante las etapas de secado y cocción han sido identificadas mediante an

  3. João de Deus, a Cartilha Maternal e o ensino da leitura em Portugal

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    Cátia Regina G. A. de Oliveira

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho pretende situar-se como uma análise crítica da Cartilha Maternal, elaborada pelo poeta português João de Deus em 1876. Esse compêndio de ensino da leitura teve significativa repercussão no Brasil durante o decorrer da Primeira República. Por ser assim, julgou-se relevante aprofundar a investigação sobre o tema, particularmente buscando responder à seguinte questão: quais foram os elementos que contribuíram para o êxito da Cartilha Maternal? Na verdade, existe já vasta bibliografia acerca do sucesso tanto editorial quanto pedagógico da cartilha de João de Deus. Pretendemos então estudar a metodologia da alfabetização contida naquele compêndio, que se vale do modo analítico de ensinar a ler pelo significado das palavras e não pelo som das letras. João de Deus pode ser considerado, acerca do tema, um precursor de Decroly, já que o conteúdo de sua Cartilha Maternal aponta para o método global. Palavras-chave: alfabetização, leitura, Portugal.   Abstract This work intend to establish a critical analysis of the literary children's book (7 years old written by the portuguese poet João de Deus in 1876. That publication had a significant repercussion in Brazil during the first republic stage. We considered important to deepen the investigation about the subject and particularly try to find out the elements which contributed to the success of the João de Deus literacy book. A vast bibliography describing the pedagogical success of that publication is available in the literature. So, the main goal of our study was to analyze specifically the literacy method which could be classified as an analytical reading method, because he emphases the meaning of the words instead of the sound. João de Deus can be considered as a Decroly's precursor, because the contents of its literacy children's book points for the global method. Keyword: literacy, reading, Portugal.

  4. Notas sobre María de Portugal, reina de Castilla, como señora de Guadalajara (1328-1356

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    Pablo Martín Prieto

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo se centra en una importante figura de la historia de Castilla en el siglo XIV, la reina castellana María de Portugal, consorte de Alfonso XI y madre de Pedro I, como señora de la entonces villa de Guadalajara. El análisis de cierta serie de ordenanzas concejiles formadas bajo su autoridad como señora de la villa sirve de punto de partida para establecer su actuación al frente del señorío de dicha población, por lo demás corroborado por algunos otros documentos a los que también se pasa revista. La presencia de María de Portugal como señora de Guadalajara ayuda asimismo a una mejor comprensión del arraigo en dicha localidad de la familia de los Pecha, dos de cuyos miembros más eminentes estuvieron ligados al servicio de la reina.This study focuses on a relevant figure in the history of Castile in the fourteenth century, the Castilian queen Maria of Portugal —wife of Alfonso XI and mother of Pedro I— as lady of the town of Guadalajara. The study of a set of council ordinances approved under her authority is the first step to determine her role as lady of this domain which is corroborated by other records discussed in this article. The presence of Maria of Portugal as lady in Guadalajara also allows a better understanding of the position of the Pecha family within the town, two of whose members were part of the queen’s innercircle.

  5. Obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome and HLA in the North of Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, Luís; Lopes, João; Ramalheira, João; Cunha, Daniela; Carvalho, Cláudia; Bettencourt, Andreia; Bras, Sandra; Costa, Sandra; Silva, M Berta; Martins-da-Silva, António

    2015-10-01

    Introduccion. El sindrome de apnea obstructiva del sueño (SAOS) es una enfermedad frecuente, compleja y poligenica, con diversas etiologias que interaccionan originando un fenotipo unico. El SAOS puede ocurrir a cualquier edad del individuo y se presume la existencia de agregacion familiar. Han sido descritos diversos factores de predisposicion, como la edad, el sexo y la obesidad. La relacion entre los polimorfismos del antigeno leucocitario humano (HLA) y trastornos del sueño esta confirmada, tanto en poblaciones europeas como no europeas. No obstante, las relaciones descritas entre los alelos HLA y SAOS no han sido coherentes y carecen de valor informativo para la clasificacion del trastorno del sueño. Objetivo. Explorar la asociacion genetica del HLA con el SAOS en una poblacion del norte de Portugal y evaluar el papel de la obesidad en el contexto del HLA en el SAOS. Pacientes y metodos. Se estudio una cohorte de 131 pacientes con SAOS. Los pacientes fueron atendidos en una clinica del sueño ambulatoria donde se valoraron los antecedentes clinicos, se les practico una polisomnografia nocturna, una prueba de latencia multiple del sueño (si lo exigio el diagnostico diferencial), analiticas y estudios demograficos. A efectos comparativos, se utilizo una poblacion de control de 223 personas sanas. Se efectuo el genotipado del HLA-DRB1 con la reaccion en cadena de la polimerasa mediante cebadores de secuencia especifica. Resultados. En esta cohorte, el alelo HLA-DRB1*03 fue identificado como un factor de predisposicion para el SAOS (24% del SAOS frente a 15% de la poblacion de control; p = 0,025; odds ratio = 1,861; intervalo de confianza al 95% = 1,081-3,205). No hubo diferencias significativas en lo referente a otros alelos HLA-DBR1*. Conclusion. El HLA-DRB1*03 es un factor de predisposicion para el SAOS en la poblacion portuguesa.

  6. El movimiento individual de especialización musical en Portugal entre 1901-1930

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    Ana Luísa FERNANDES PAZ

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Buscando comprender las formas de transmisión del conocimiento musical en la investigación de mi tesis doctoral en Historia de la Educación, deparé en una cuestión relativa a la circulación internacional del conocimiento expert. En este artículo, centrado en el período que va de 1901 a 1930, he subrayado la diferencia entre una red de enseñanza que se estipuló simultáneamente para todos y solamente para algunos. Paralelamente, a través de la extensión del canto de coro en las escuelas primarias y su posterior introducción en los currículos de la secundaria, el Estado apuntaba directamente a la masificación de la educación musical —conseguida después de estas fechas— e impedía al mismo tiempo la expansión de la enseñanza vocacional, limitada a una minoría. Así, y basándome en un inventario de las monografías publicadas en Portugal durante este período, he desarrollado un análisis que revela una circulación muy limitada, minoritaria, y restringida a las cotas altas de la élite musical, quedando el resto pendiente de estrategias personales para la adquisición de este conocimiento.

  7. Sexual Dysfunction in Breast Cancer Survivors: Cross-Cultural Adaptation of the Sexual Activity Questionnaire for Use in Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Costa, Filipa Alves; Ribeiro, Manuel Castro; Braga, Sofia; Carvalho, Elisabete; Francisco, Fátima; Miranda, Ana Costa; Moreira, António; Fallowfield, Lesley

    2016-09-01

    Introdução: A crescente população de sobreviventes de cancro da mama tem redireccionado o interesse investigacional e prático para o impacto da doença e do seu tratamento nas várias áreas da qualidade de vida. A falta de questionários para avaliar de forma objectiva a disfunção sexual conduziu à necessidade de adaptar e validar culturalmente o Sexual Activity Questionnaire para utilização em Portugal. Material e Métodos: O Sexual Activity Questionnaire foi traduzido e retrovertido, sua versão de consenso refinada após teste de compreensão, e subsequentemente auto-administrado a uma amostra alargada de sobreviventes de cancro da mama em dois momentos, espaçados 15 dias, para julgar a sua validade e fiabilidade. Resultados: Após alterações minor à versão de consenso, o Sexual Activity Questionnaire foi aplicado a 134 doentes. Obteve-se uma estrutura de três factores (75,5% da variância), compreendendo as escalas do Prazer, Hábito e Desconforto, todas com boa consistência interna (α de Cronbach > 0,70), boa validade concorrente com o FACt-An e a checklist BCPT (r de Spearman > 0,65; p-value 0,44). Foi identificada inactividade sexual em 23,9% das mulheres, devido a falta de interesse ou ao facto de não ter parceiro. Discussão: Os dados reportados pelos doentes conduziram a alterações nos cuidados prestados, que passaram a contemplar a oncosexologia. Estudos futuros deverão focar-se na aplicabilidade deste questionário a amostras com diferentes características e mesmo à população global, para se poderem generalizar os resultados. Conclusão: A versão obtida do Sexual Activity Questionnaire é válida para avaliar a função sexual em sobreviventes de cancro da mama em Portugal.

  8. As impossibilidades da “lusofonia” e as narrativas acerca do “outro e do “eu” entre Brasil e Portugal

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    Túlio de Souza Muniz

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available A relação Brasil e Portugal é pautada pelo distanciamento recíproco entre dois países que tantas semelhanças guardam entre si, mas que não conseguem aproximar-se nas suas diferenças. Este ensaio visa refletir sobre esse distanciamento, a partir de uma análise da construção do estereotipo do “outro” por ambas as partes para concluir sobre as impossibilidades da “lusofonia”, um conceito que so tem operacionalidade do lado lusitano

  9. · ANÁLISIS DE LOS DATOS DE LAS PERSONAS EXTRANJERAS DETENIDAS, INTERNADAS Y EXPULSADAS EN ESPAÑA, GRECIA, ITALIA Y PORTUGAL 2000-2009

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    Desde mediados de los años ochenta del siglo pasado los países del sur del Mediterráneo, como España, Italia, Grecia y Portugal, comenzaron a recibir importantes flujos migratorios procedentes del sur y este europeo. Ello determinó la necesidad de disponer de nuevas legislaciones para regular la entrada y la residencia en el territorio, el acceso al mercado de trabajo y la integración de miles de personas procedentes del resto del mundo.

  10. Análisis de los datos de las personas extranjeras detenidas, internadas y expulsadas en España, Grecia, Italia y Portugal, 2000-2009

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    Desde mediados de los años ochenta del siglo pasado los países del sur del Mediterráneo, como España, Italia, Grecia y Portugal, comenzaron a recibir importantes flujos migratorios procedentes del sur y este europeo. Ello determinó la necesidad de disponer de nuevas legislaciones para regular la entrada y la residencia en el territorio, el acceso al mercado de trabajo y la integración de miles de personas procedentes del resto del mundo.

  11. · ANÁLISIS DE LOS DATOS DE LAS PERSONAS EXTRANJERAS DETENIDAS, INTERNADAS Y EXPULSADAS EN ESPAÑA, GRECIA, ITALIA Y PORTUGAL 2000-2009

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    Héctor C. Silveira Gorski

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Desde mediados de los años ochenta del siglo pasado los países del sur del Mediterráneo, como España, Italia, Grecia y Portugal, comenzaron a recibir importantes flujos migratorios procedentes del sur y este europeo. Ello determinó la necesidad de disponer de nuevas legislaciones para regular la entrada y la residencia en el territorio, el acceso al mercado de trabajo y la integración de miles de personas procedentes del resto del mundo.

  12. Análisis de los datos de las personas extranjeras detenidas, internadas y expulsadas en España, Grecia, Italia y Portugal 2000-2009

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    Desde mediados de los años ochenta del siglo pasado los países del sur del Mediterráneo, como España, Italia, Grecia y Portugal, comenzaron a recibir importantes flujos migratorios procedentes del sur y este europeo. Ello determinó la necesidad de disponer de nuevas legislaciones para regular la entrada y la residencia en el territorio, el acceso al mercado de trabajo y la integración de miles de personas procedentes del resto del mundo.

  13. Grandes de Portugal no século XVIII. Inventários da casa de Tavora, Atoguia e Aveiro (1758-1759

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    Manuel Benavente Rodrigues

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Cada país tiene sus casos historiográficos y Portugal no escapa a la regla. Tenemos muchos casos, muchas dudas, muchas historias. El dia 3 de septiembre de 1758 quedará para siempre envuelto en el misterio, lo que no impide que procuremos hacer la mayor luz posible sobre el tema del atentado contra el rey D. José, junto a la quinta de Belém. El atentado originó un proceso sumarísimo que en casi cuatro meses liquidó las Casas de Távora, Atouguia y Aveiro, así como a la Compañía de Jesús, con las monstruosas ejecuciones en el patíbulo de Belém del 13 de enero de 1759. Los inventarios y el secuestro de bienes ejecutados por orden de la Junta da Inconfidência, pueden servir tanto para medir la grandeza de las Casas, como también su situación social y financiera. Por estos inventarios se evidencia que estas Casas, que eran socialmente de las más consideradas en Portugal en el siglo XVIII, estaban bastante endeudadas. A mediados del siglo XVIII, la clase emergente de hombres de negocios y de prestamistas era, de hecho, la poseedora de los grandes activos de éstos y de otros Grandes de Portugal ya que los mismos servían de garantía a los créditos concedidos. Sin embargo, la aristocracia, profundamente endogámica, no se permitía ninguna contaminación con las clases adineradas, pero sin título. Este hecho nos sirve de punto de partida para llegar a conclusiones tangenciales de coyuntura para la década de los 50 del siglo XVIII, así como también de estructura, válidas éstas para todo el período pombalino, por lo que respecta a los Grandes de Portugal.Each country has its own histograph cases and Portugal is no exception. We have plenty of cases, lots of doubts and many histories. September 3 1758 will be forever a landmark shrouded in mistery, which doesn’t prevent our attempt to bring to the light, as much as possible, the attempt on D. José’s life, close to what was known as the place of Belém. The murder plot gave

  14. Population mobility and the changing epidemics of HIV-2 in Portugal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Carvalho, A C; Valadas, E; França, L

    2012-01-01

    Portugal is the European country with the highest frequency of HIV-2 infection, which is mainly concentrated in West Africa. The cumulative number of notified HIV-2 infections in Portugal was 1813 by the end of December 2008. To better characterize the dynamics of HIV-2 infection in the country a...

  15. Assessing International Product Design and Development Graduate Courses: The MIT-Portugal Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dori, Yehudit Judy; Silva, Arlindo

    2010-01-01

    The Product Design and Development (PDD) course is part of the graduate curriculum in the Engineering Design and Advanced Manufacturing (EDAM) study in the MIT-Portugal Program. The research participants included about 110 students from MIT, EDAM, and two universities in Portugal, Instituto Superior Técnico-Universidade Técnica de Lisboa (IST) and…

  16. Students' Perceptions of Assessment: A Comparative Analysis between Portugal and Sweden

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pereira, Diana; Niklasson, Laila; Flores, Maria Assunção

    2017-01-01

    This paper aims at investigating students' perceptions about assessment, especially the ways in which it is put into practice. Data were collected through questionnaires in different programmes in Portugal and Sweden. In total, 173 students from Portugal and 72 from Sweden participated in the study. Findings showed that students had similar ideas…

  17. Developmental Dyslexia: Perspectives on Teacher Training and Learning Disabilities in Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carvalhais, Lenia; da Silva, Carlos Fernandes

    2010-01-01

    The focus of this study was to explore primary teachers' attitudes and perceptions toward their training experiences, instructional practices, and supports received in their schools toward working with students with dyslexia in Portugal. Primary school teachers from the centre of Portugal, working with children between the first and fourth grades,…

  18. The North Atlantic Oscillation Influence on the Wave Regime in Portugal: An Extreme Wave Event Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-03-01

    storm wave classification criterion used by the Portuguese Weather Services (Instituto de Meteorologia ) or in the Portuguese Navy IH, a simple...PORTUGAL 13. Dr Nuno Moreira Instituto de Meteorologia Rua C ao Aeroporto Lisboa – PORTUGAL 14. LCDR Juan Conforto Sección de Oceanografía

  19. First records of crocodyle and pterosaur tracks in the Upper Jurassic of Portugal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mateus, Octavio; Milàn, Jesper

    2010-01-01

    The Upper Jurassic of Portugal has a rich vertebrate fauna well documented from both body and trace fossils. Although the occurrence of crocodyles and pterosaurs is well documented from body fossils, trace fossils from both groups were unknown until now. Here we describe an isolated crocodyle...... Late Jurassic vertebrate fauna of Portugal....

  20. Kolmas vaatus Euroopa võlakriisis - Portugal. Oht Portugali mainel / Sirje Rank

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rank, Sirje, 1966-

    2011-01-01

    Portugal kavatseb läbi viia riigivõlakirjade emissiooni, samas müüvad teisedki riigid lähiajal võlakirju, mille riskiaste on väiksem. Portugal eitab väidet, nagu oleks Saksamaa ja Prantsusmaa survestanud teda Euroopa kriisifondist abi küsima

  1. Epidemiological review of Toxoplasma gondii infection in humans and animals in Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toxoplasmosis is a worldwide zoonosis. However, data from Portugal are limited and a considerable part of the literature is in Portuguese. Currently, the rate of congenital infection in Portugal is unknown, and almost nothing is known of sequelae of congenital toxoplasmosis. There is no general popu...

  2. Maculinea alcon exploits Myrmica aloba in Portugal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Arnaldo, P.S.; Wynhoff, I.; Soares, P.

    2011-01-01

    Larvae of the obligate myrmecophilous social parasite Maculinea alcon (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) were found exclusively using Myrmica aloba (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) ant hosts in NE-Portugal. This is the first record of the host ant usage of any Maculinea species in Portugal, and of any Maculinea ...

  3. Dictatorship and revolution: Socio-political reconstructions of collective memory in post-authoritarian Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Loff, Manuel

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This article inserts itself into larger discussions regarding post-dictatorship memory politics in Portugal and comparative studies of similar histories of violence in Europe, particularly examinations of National-Socialism, Nazism and the Holocaust, as well as comparative studies of twentieth-century fascist dictatorships in the Iberian peninsula. In spite of the revolutionary, radical nature of the Portuguese democratisation process, studies conducted during the last four decades on the social and political (reconstructions of memory regarding the Portuguese dictatorship (1926-1974 have demonstrated that state policies regarding the past have depicted the dictatorship as one that is very similar to events in countries where the process of democratic transition was actually quite different from that of Portugal. Right-wing groups and those who self-describe as “victims” of processes of decolonisation that occurred between 1974 and 1975 have established a pattern of public debate that leaves no room for discussing the dictatorship without also referring to the 1974-1975 Revolution. This mode of debate seems to suggest that these two periods of history are indicative of a global regime phenomenon and that both the processes of decolonisation and revolution affected Portuguese society in similar ways. This paper attempts to complicate these narratives in order to question the democratic forms that emerged after the Revolution and to compare it to Salazar’s dictatorial regime.Este artículo se encuadra en una discusión más amplia sobre las políticas de la memoria de la posdictadura salazarista en Portugal, y en estudios comparados sobre historias semejantes de violencia en Europa, especialmente las relativas al nacional-socialismo, el nazismo y el Holocausto. También se refiere a los estudios comparados sobre las dictaduras fascistas en la Península Ibérica. A pesar de la naturaleza revolucionaria y radical del proceso de democratizaci

  4. Direitos da Criança em Portugal: os desassossegos dos riscos na/da Infância

    OpenAIRE

    Tomás, Catarina Almeida; Fernandes, Natália

    2011-01-01

    Podemos considerar o século XX como o século dos direitos da criança. É neste século que se edificou um quadro jurídico-legal de protecção às crianças e surgiram as associações, instituições e organizações transnacionais, nacionais e locais em prol da infância. A análise da situação da infância em Portugal caracteriza-se por um conjunto de avanços, impasses e retrocessos, desassossegos e desafios, na afirmação dos direitos da criança e na edificação de condições de bem-estar social para e...

  5. Caryospora peneireiroi n. sp. (Apicomplexa: Eimeriidae) in the common kestrel, Falco tinnunculus (Falconiformes: Falconidae), in mainland Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cardozo, Sergian Vianna; Berto, Bruno Pereira; Caetano, Inês; Maniero, Viviane Camara; Fonseca, Isabel Pereira da; Lopes, Carlos Wilson Gomes

    2016-06-07

    The common kestrel Falco tinnunculus Linnaeus, 1758, is a widespread raptor, native in Europe, Asia and Africa, and vagrant in the Americas. In the current work, 27 fecal samples were collected from common kestrels kept in the Lisbon Center for Wild Animal Recovery, located at Monsanto Forest Park, Lisbon, Portugal. Five (19%) of them were found to be passing an undescribed species of Caryospora in their feces. The oocysts of Caryospora peneireiroi n. sp. were ellipsoidal with a bilayered wall and measured 47.1 × 37.6 µm with a shape index of 1.25. No micropyle, oocyst residuum or polar granule was present. The sporocysts were subspherical, measuring 25.1 × 24.3 µm. Stieda, sub-Stieda and para-Stieda bodies were absent. The sporocyst residuum was composed of many homogenous globules scattered throughout the periphery of the sporocyst. This is the fourth caryosporan species reported from F. tinnunculus.

  6. Caryospora peneireiroi n. sp. (Apicomplexa: Eimeriidae in the common kestrel, Falco tinnunculus (Falconiformes: Falconidae, in mainland Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergian Vianna Cardozo

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The common kestrel Falco tinnunculus Linnaeus, 1758, is a widespread raptor, native in Europe, Asia and Africa, and vagrant in the Americas. In the current work, 27 fecal samples were collected from common kestrels kept in the Lisbon Center for Wild Animal Recovery, located at Monsanto Forest Park, Lisbon, Portugal. Five (19% of them were found to be passing an undescribed species of Caryospora in their feces. The oocysts of Caryospora peneireiroi n. sp. were ellipsoidal with a bilayered wall and measured 47.1 × 37.6 µm with a shape index of 1.25. No micropyle, oocyst residuum or polar granule was present. The sporocysts were subspherical, measuring 25.1 × 24.3 µm. Stieda, sub-Stieda and para-Stieda bodies were absent. The sporocyst residuum was composed of many homogenous globules scattered throughout the periphery of the sporocyst. This is the fourth caryosporan species reported from F. tinnunculus.

  7. Autosomal SNPs study of a population sample from north of Portugal and a sample of immigrants from the Eastern Europe living in Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lurdes Pontes, M; Pinheiro, M F

    2014-03-01

    The use of autosomal single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) for forensic research has been widely discussed in recent years, mainly because SNPs have important advantages compared to short tandem repeats (STRs). In this study a total of 131 non related individuals from the North of Portugal and 85 immigrant individuals from the Eastern Europe, mainly Ukrainians, equally non related and residing in Portugal, were typed for 52 loci included in the in the SNP for ID 52plex with the SNaPshot™ assay.

  8. Determinants of birth weight in Portugal: 1988 to 2011.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fuster, Vicente; Santos, Carlota

    2016-01-01

    The objective of this paper is to analyse temporal birth weight variation, its relationship to the frequency of premature births in Portugal, and the influence of native and immigrant mothers' characteristics as well as to determine the possible existence of a pattern of temporal change in birth weight in the Iberian Peninsula as a whole. Individual mother-child data from the Portuguese National Institute of Statistics regarding live births (N = 2,661,542) permitted an analysis, for the first time, of weight at birth in Portugal from a bio-demographic perspective. The results obtained show that from 1988 to 2011 there was a gradual decline in the average weight at birth in Portugal that may be related to shifts in the duration of gestation. An initial rapid decline in the relative frequency of post-term births took place, followed by small variations from 1995 on. Logistic regressions indicated a pattern unaffected by maternal origin or the sex of the newborn. With regard to weeks of gestation, the odds values obtained were < 1 when the reference category was < 28 weeks. For this factor, no significant differences were found in relation to the mother's origin. Portuguese mothers over 35 years were associated with a higher incidence of low birth weight. Regardless of maternal origin, being a newborn of parity 1, and with the mother not in a couple, resulted in unfavourable outcomes with regard to low birth weight. On the other hand, long gestation periods and having secondary or university education constituted a protective factor.

  9. Short-term rainfall: its scaling properties over Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Lima, M. Isabel P.

    2010-05-01

    The characterization of rainfall at a variety of space- and time-scales demands usually that data from different origins and resolution are explored. Different tools and methodologies can be used for this purpose. In regions where the spatial variation of rain is marked, the study of the scaling structure of rainfall can lead to a better understanding of the type of events affecting that specific area, which is essential for many engineering applications. The relevant factors affecting rain variability, in time and space, can lead to contrasting statistics which should be carefully taken into account in design procedures and decision making processes. One such region is Mainland Portugal; the territory is located in the transitional region between the sub-tropical anticyclone and the subpolar depression zones and is characterized by strong north-south and east-west rainfall gradients. The spatial distribution and seasonal variability of rain are particularly influenced by the characteristics of the global circulation. One specific feature is the Atlantic origin of many synoptic disturbances in the context of the regional geography (e.g. latitude, orography, oceanic and continental influences). Thus, aiming at investigating the statistical signature of rain events of different origins, resulting from the large number of mechanisms and factors affecting the rainfall climate over Portugal, scale-invariant analyses of the temporal structure of rain from several locations in mainland Portugal were conducted. The study used short-term rainfall time series. Relevant scaling ranges were identified and characterized that help clarifying the small-scale behaviour and statistics of this process.

  10. Weather types and the regime of wildfires in Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pereira, M. G.; Trigo, R. M.; Dacamara, C. C.

    2009-04-01

    An objective classification scheme, as developed by Trigo and DaCamara (2000), was applied to classify the daily atmospheric circulation affecting Portugal between 1980 and 2007 into a set of 10 basic weather types (WTs). The classification scheme relies on a set of atmospheric circulation indices, namely southerly flow (SF), westerly flow (WF), total flow (F), southerly shear vorticity (ZS), westerly shear vorticity (ZW) and total vorticity (Z). The weather-typing approach, together with surfacemeteorological variables (e.g. intensity and direction of geostrophic wind, maximum and minimum temperature and precipitation) were then associated to wildfire events as recorded in the official Portuguese fire database consisting of information on each fire occurred in the 18 districts of Continental Portugal within the same period (>450.000 events). The objective of this study is to explore the dependence of wildfire activity on weather and climate and then evaluate the potential of WTs to discriminate among recorded wildfires on what respects to their occurrence and development. Results show that days characterised by surface flow with an eastern component (i.e. NE, E and SE) account for a high percentage of daily burnt area, as opposed to surface westerly flow (NW, W and SW), which represents about a quarter of the total number of days but only accounts for a very low percentage of active fires and of burnt area. Meteorological variables such as minimum and maximum temperatures, that are closely associated to surface wind intensity and direction, also present a good ability to discriminate between the different types of fire events.. Trigo R.M., DaCamara C. (2000) "Circulation Weather Types and their impact on the precipitation regime in Portugal". Int J of Climatology, 20, 1559-1581.

  11. Holocene estuary development in the Algarve Region (Southern Portugal)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, Heike; Höfer, Dana; Trog, Carmen; Hempel, Rita; Daut, Gerhard; Mäusbacher, Roland

    2010-05-01

    Former coastal estuaries in the Algarve region of South Portugal are used for reconstruction coastal evolution since first marine transgression processes at about 8.000 years before. The sediments of these archives allow high resolution analyses of geochemical and palynological signals. Drillings in different lagoons of the Algarve region contain the sequences from the fluvial sediments during the early Holocene, marine transgression facies during the middle Holocene and the marine/fluvial sediment deposits until present. The results of the sedimentological, geochemical and palynological analyses show that each estuary developed differently, depending on the morphology of the paleovalley, environmental conditions and especially the influence of the sea and the formation of barrier systems. The estuaries were flooded between 7500 and 5500 cal a BP by sea level rise and were almost completely filled by sediment by the beginning of the Roman occupation (226 y BC / 2176 cal a BP). A clear change in sedimentological processes is evident in the estuaries between 5500 and 3000 cal a BP and is interpreted as a result of high energy events such as storms or tsunamis (Schneider et al. 2009, Hilbich et al. 2008 ). Palynological as well as archaeological investigations show distinct anthropogenic influences since 3500 cal. BP by increasing values in maquies, cereals and open land communities. References Hilbich, C., Mügler, I., Daut, G., Frenzel, P., van der Borg, K., Mäusbacher, R. (2008): Reconstruction of the depositional history of the former coastal lagoon of Vilamoura (Algarve, Portugal): A sedimentological, microfaunal and geophysical approach.- Journal of Coastal Research 24(2B), 83-91. Schneider, H., Höfer, D., Trog, C., Busch, S., Schneider, M., Baade, J., Daut, G. & R. Mäusbacher (2009): Holocene estuary development in the Algarve Region (Southern Portugal) - A reconstruction of sedimentological and ecological evolution. - Quaternary International (In Press

  12. A review of leptospirosis in farm animals in Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rocha, T

    1998-12-01

    This paper presents a review of Leptospira infection in farm animals in Portugal which is based mainly on serological results obtained in the National Veterinary Research Laboratory between January 1987 and December 1993. Serum samples were tested by the microscopic agglutination test, at a minimum dilution of 1:100. Positive titres were obtained in 15.3% of the 9,543 bovine samples examined. Sejroe, Pomona, Hebdomadis, Tarassovi and Icterohaemorrhagiae were the principal serogroups which reacted in the tests. A total of 3,195 pigs were tested, of which 20.2% showed positive reactions. The main serogroups which reacted were Australis, Pomona, Cynopteri, Icterohaemorrhagiae and Autumnalis. Field observations on outbreaks of leptospirosis in pigs, along with data obtained from an experimental infection with serovar mozdok in pregnant gilts suggest that this serovar, rather than serovar pomona, may be causing Pomona group infections in pigs. Serum samples from 5,298 sheep were tested and 3.3% gave positive results. The predominant serogroups involved were Canicola, Pomona, Cynopteri, Sejroe and Icterohaemorrhagiae. From the 1,631 goats examined serologically, 5.0% gave positive results, mainly to serogroups Grippotyphosa, Canicola, Pomona, Icterohaemorrhagiae and Pyrogenes. Only 83 serum samples from horses were obtained, of which 43.4% showed positive titres. Serogroups Australis, Autumnalis, Cynopteri and Pyrogenes were those most commonly found. Serological evidence of leptospirosis in farm animals is widespread in Portugal, particularly in cattle and pigs. Leptospirosis in horses needs to be studied further. In an attempt to provide a general view on the occurrence of leptospirosis in these animal species in Portugal, the present results are compared with results obtained in previous studies and are complemented with both previous and recent bacteriological findings.

  13. Outbreak of Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea Virus in Portugal, 2015.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mesquita, J R; Hakze-van der Honing, R; Almeida, A; Lourenço, M; van der Poel, W H M; Nascimento, M S J

    2015-12-01

    An outbreak of porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) in the South of Portugal in January 2015 and the spread of PEDV northwards in the territory are described. Comparative analysis of the amplified sequences showed a very high (99.0%) identity with the PEDV variant most recently reported in the United States and also show complete (100%) identity to the strains recently reported in Germany, supporting the hypothesis that a unique strain is currently circulating in Europe. The origin of this PEDV variant still needs to be elucidated and further studies in the remaining European countries may contribute to the knowledge.

  14. Ciganos e políticas sociais em Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olga Magano

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Considering the social and political changes that took place in Portugal, from April 25, 1974, specifically provided since the democratic system was implemented, became effective an understanding that advocates universal citizenship for all Portuguese. However, not all citizens are in equal circumstances on full access to the rights of citizenship. The objective of this paper is to reflect and discuss some of the impacts of measures and social policies on Gypsies people and families, as well as the (invisible changes, although the underlying behind the plural processes of social and identity reconfiguration.

  15. The Bologna Process in Portugal and Poland: A comparative study

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    Eduardo Tomé

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available We analyze the consequences of the introduction of the EU directed Bologna Process in Portuguese and Polish Universities. Specifically, we study how the Bologna Process has impacted in the employment situations of graduates in Portugal and Poland. Concerning methodology, we use available official data on the implementation of the Bologna Process in Poland and Portugal. We have found that the investment in Higher Education (HE stalled in both countries in the years since the implementation of the Bologna Process due to massive budgetary restrictions. Nevertheless, the stock of HE graduates increased massively, seemingly because the authorities thought that the free market should lead the HE market in the two countries. Employment prospects, unemployment prospects and wages of graduates continued to be much higher than those of non-graduates. But an unexpected divide appeared between graduates and Masters/PhDs, with important social consequences. While the first “saved” themselves and prospered going into high skilled jobs, the later had to endure minimum wage and underskilled occupations. The low payment for these youngsters was also justified because the supply of HE with Bologna increased but the demand by companies did not match. In fact, both Portugal and Poland have stronger needs in the demand side of the market than in the supply side. Finally, both markets continue to be essentially public and the experiences of privatization did not succeed to much. In terms of social implications, the Bologna Process faces in both countries the massive and decisive challenge of eliminating youth unemployment and emigration but this can only be done with the cooperation of companies that should create high paid and high skilled jobs. Only when this occurs the Bologna Process will achieve its ultimate goal of transforming Portugal and Poland in high skilled equibriuns. Let us hope it happens, for the good of the two countries and particularly for the

  16. Gender and Judging in Portugal: Opinions and Perceptions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Madalena Duarte

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available In Portugal, the phenomenon of feminization of the legal professions is quite recent compared to other countries. The increasing predominance of women among magistrates – judges and public prosecutors – since 2006 has been overwhelming though. If, until 1974, the judiciary was forbidden to women, in 2015, from a total of 1990 judges in first instance courts, Appeal Courts and the Judicial Supreme Court and the Administrative Supreme Court, 1175 were women (59%. Within the Public Prosecution, 61% were women. The weight of women in the legal professions is visible, even, at the Centre for Judicial Studies, where 67,5% of the justice auditors, in 2014, were women. In this scenario, the aim of this article is to discuss the representations of the legal professionals, on the repercussions of this change to the judiciary and to the legal culture in Portugal. En Portugal, el fenómeno de la feminización de las profesiones jurídicas es bastante reciente en comparación con otros países. Sin embargo, el creciente predominio de mujeres entre los magistrados -jueces y fiscales- desde el año 2006 ha sido abrumador. Si, hasta 1974, las mujeres tenían prohibido el acceso al poder judicial, en 2015, de un total de 1990 jueces en los tribunales de primera instancia, tribunales de apelación y la Corte Suprema de Justicia y el Tribunal Supremo Administrativo, 1175 eran mujeres (59%. Dentro de la fiscalía, el 61% eran mujeres. El peso de las mujeres en las profesiones jurídicas es visible, incluso, en el Centro de Estudios Judiciales, donde el 67,5% de los auditores de justicia, en 2014, eran mujeres. En este escenario, el objetivo de este artículo es analizar las representaciones de los profesionales del derecho sobre las consecuencias de este cambio en el poder judicial y en la cultura jurídica de Portugal. DOWNLOAD THIS PAPER FROM SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2831939

  17. MODELLING OWL MORTALITY ON ROADS OF ALENTEJO (SOUTHERN PORTUGAL)

    OpenAIRE

    Silva, Clara; Grilo, Clara; Mira, António

    2008-01-01

    Owls are one of the birds of prey most commonly found dead along roads. Thus, we investigated the importance of 22 environmental variables on the owl casualties and developed predictive models to estimate the likelihood of owl-vehicle collisions in Alentejo, southern Portugal. We recorded 123 corpses of three owl species, the Barn Owl Tyto alba made up 43% (n=53) of the road-kills, followed by the Little Owl Athene noctua (29%, n=36) and the Tawny Owl Strix aluco (28%, n=34), along ...

  18. Botulismo Infantil em Portugal – um lactente com hipotonia

    OpenAIRE

    Malveiro, D; C. Henriques; Flores, P.; Barata, D; Vieira, JP; Cabral, P.

    2013-01-01

    O Botulismo Infantil (BI) constitui uma síndrome neuroparalítica rara, potencialmente fatal, causada pela neurotoxina do Clostridium botulinum. Descreve-se o primeiro caso reportado desde o início da notificação obrigatória em Portugal (1999). Lactente de dois meses, internado por prostração, dificuldade alimentar e obstipação. Constatou-se envolvimento inicial dos pares cranianos associado a fraqueza muscular progressiva, descendente e simétrica. Constituíam factores de risco o consumo...

  19. Time-trends in pregnancy: findings from Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Lopes, Sofia; Teixeira, Cristina; Barros, Henrique

    2014-01-01

    To examine trends in pregnancy and abortion rates observed in Portugal in the last decade. We abstracted all delivery and abortionrelated-admissions to Portuguese public hospitals (2000–2010) using a nationwide inpatient database(corresponding to nearly 96% of all deliveries). We computed age-specific pregnancy and termination of pregnancy rates (all and induced abortion)considering the age groups less than 15, 15–19, 20–34, 35–39 and more than 39 years, using national population estima...

  20. Prevalence and seasonal variations of canine dirofilariosis in Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alho, Ana Margarida; Landum, Miguel; Ferreira, Cátia; Meireles, José; Gonçalves, Luzia; de Carvalho, Luís Madeira; Belo, Silvana

    2014-11-15

    Dirofilariosis is a severe vector-borne emergent disease that is spreading worldwide and becoming a serious threat to human and veterinary public health. Portugal, a Mediterranean country, has favorable climate conditions for mosquito development and survival. At present, accurate data on the prevalence and epidemiological pattern of dirofilariosis in Portugal is scarce and outdated. To study these trends, a project was developed to assess the current prevalence of Dirofilaria immitis infection in shelter dogs as well as the prevalence of Dirofilaria species present in three coastal regions in central Portugal: Coimbra, Santarém, and Setúbal. Blood samples were collected from 696 shelter dogs during three consecutive years: 2011, 2012, and 2013. A rapid immunomigration technique was performed to detect female D. immitis antigens. Concurrently, to detect and identify circulating microfilariae, a modified Knott's technique and acid phosphatase histochemical staining were also performed. Of the 696 dogs sampled, 105 were positive for D. immitis, with an overall prevalence of 15.1%. Forty of the 105 dogs were antigen negative but were positive for D. immitis microfilariae. Three animals were co-infected with D. immitis and Acanthocheilonema dracunculoides, and there was also one dog infected only with A. dracunculoides, all confirmed by polymerase chain reaction. The highest prevalence of canine heartworm during the 3-y period was in Setúbal (24.8%), followed by Coimbra (13.8%), and Santarém (13.2%), with significant inter-district differences. Our results demonstrate a higher prevalence of dirofilariosis compared with findings of previous studies and show an increasing rate of infection in the southern areas of Portugal attributed, at least in part, to bioclimatic and ecological factors. The present study updates the epidemiological situation and correlates the risk of dirofilariosis transmission within each region. These findings are highly relevant to both human

  1. Ochratoxin A in Portugal: A Review to Assess Human Exposure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sofia C. Duarte

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available In Portugal, the climate, dietary habits, and food contamination levels present the characteristics for higher population susceptibility to ochratoxin A (OTA, one of the known mycotoxins with the greatest public health and agro-economic importance. In this review, following a brief historical insight on OTA research, a summary of the available data on OTA occurrence in food (cereals, bread, wine, meat and biological fluids (blood, urine is made. With this data, an estimation of intake is made to ascertain and update the risk exposure estimation of the Portuguese population, in comparison to previous studies and other populations.

  2. Activismo digital em Portugal: um estudo exploratório

    OpenAIRE

    Campos, Ricardo; Pereira,Inês; Simões, José Alberto

    2016-01-01

    Os últimos anos têm sido férteis em formas novas de mobilização coletiva e ativismo, em que os equipamentos e os média digitais assumem papel de relevo. Este artigo baseia-se num projeto exploratório, realizado entre 2014 e 2015, que procurou articular o uso dos média digitais com as formas de ativismo e participação pública dos jovens em Portugal. Metodologicamente este projeto adotou uma abordagem de natureza qualitativa, que procurou articular uma pesquisa online e off-line. As conclusões ...

  3. Medieval codes of ius commune in Portugal: status quaestionis

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    José Domingues

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Portugal inherited from the kingdom of León legal sources and its earliest law code. With the “rebirth” of Roman law, the Ius commune –arriving very early in the twelfth century– soon came to shape everyday life, from the middle ages until the Enlightenment of the late eighteenth century. Enormous research efforts have been made to locate chronologically and spatially medieval remnants of these legal texts. This work aims to provide a summary, including a comprehensive and updated picture, of the status quaestionis of this theme.

  4. Academic publishing in Portugal: threats and major opportunities

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    Delfim Leão

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available This article begins with an analysis of the current state of scientific publication in Portugal, with reference to the impact of the open access (OA policies of commercial and academic publishers. It then explores the relationship between academic publishing and institutional repositories, discussing the way they should complement one another, taking as reference the activities of the Portuguese Association of Higher Education Publishers (APEES. Final remarks deal more specifically with the UC Digitalis project from Coimbra University Press (CUP, and the way it is committed to the goal of fostering science produced in Portuguese-speaking countries.

  5. The Electoral Geography of the 2016 Presidential Election in Portugal

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    Giorgian-Ionuţ GUŢOIU

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Portugal elected a new president in January, this year. While the campaign was rather atypical, with a majority of independent candidates and a low involvement of the parties, we employ here an analysis of the election’s electoral geography, in order to identify if the geographical partisan delimitations influenced the electoral outcome. At this election a clear political geographical divide existed between the urban North and the rural South. Our findings suggest that the geographical distribution of the votes follows the candidates’ ideological identity.

  6. AS ORDENAÇÕES AFONSINAS E OS JUDEUS EM PORTUGAL

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    Rosana de Melo Louro

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho utilizou como fonte primária as leis contidas nas Ordenações Afonsinas concernentes aos judeus e, assim, pretendeu-se compreender como se configurava a situação destes no reino português a partir das disposições contidas naquelas, uma vez que abarcavam leis de regulamentação específica ao povo mosaico. A problemática empregue nesta pesquisa teve como fulcro as políticas de afirmação régia e como estas se valiam das leis criadas e/ou ratificadas na compilação, para auxiliar no intuito da centralização do poder. Como o tema da pesquisa restringiu-se aos judeus em Portugal, buscou-se analisar a fonte com o olhar direcionado à problemática supracitada, sem deixar de lado as considerações relacionadas à condição de minoria religiosa daquele povo, já que por esse motivo formavam uma comuna independente estruturalmente das comunas cristãs e, portanto, também interagiam nas linhas de força entre a dinâmica social do poder local das comunas e o poder centralizador dos monarcas.

  7. O OFÍCIO DA PINTURA EM PORTUGAL E O PROJETO DA ACADEMIA DE PINTURA

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    Raquel Quinet Pifano

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo aborda o processo de reconhecimento do estatuto teórico das artes visuais e a consequente transformação do estatuto social do artista na Europa a partir do século XV. A formulação inédita de uma teoria da arte fundamentará tal processo e justificará a criação da Academia de Desenho em Florença no século XVI. A partir daí, muitas academias serão fundadas na Europa, consolidando paulatinamente a institucionalização da arte da pintura, escultura e arquitetura como artes liberais. Embora Portugal não se mantenha à margem deste processo, precisou esperar a dissolução do sistema de organização dos ofícios mecânicos em corporações para então fundar uma Academia de Belas Artes. Reflete-se aqui sobre o processo português de liberalização da arte: as relações entre a prática efetiva da pintura, a teoria da arte e o projeto de uma Academia de Pintura proposto pelo pintor Cyrillo Volkmar Machado.

  8. RELATO DE SUSTENTABILIDADE DE EMPRESAS DA CONSTRUÇÃO CIVIL EM PORTUGAL E ESPANHA

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    Dina da Costa Caetano

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available O relatório de sustentabilidade é a prática de medir e divulgar através de um relatório, o desempenho económico, social e ambiental de uma organização empresarial. O processo de divulgação é voluntário, no entanto verifica-se um gradual crescimento na divulgação desta informação. Este estudo pretende caracterizar as práticas de divulgação de sustentabilidade no setor da construção civil em Portugal e em Espanha referente aos anos de 2009 a 2011 que efetuem relatório de sustentabilidade de acordo com a estrutura de divulgação da Global Reporting Initiative. Para recolha dos dados necessários ao estudo utilizou-se a análise de conteúdo. Analisou-se então, os relatórios e contas e relatórios de sustentabilidade da população em estudo.

  9. Morfologia e Crescimento dos 6 aos 10 anos de idade em Viana do Castelo, Portugal

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    Luis Paulo Rodrigues

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Ao longo de quatro anos, o Estudo Morfofuncional da Criança Vianense observou 1911 crianças entre os 6e os 10 anos de idade, resultando em 4064 observações individuais(2054 de raparigas, 2006 de rapazes.Os resultados encontrados nos indicadores morfológicos simples(altura, peso, pregas adiposas, diâmetros ósseos e perímetros muscularese no somatótipo, são descritos normativamente (valores percentílicose comparados com outros estudos nacionais e internacionais. As crianças vianenses demonstraram possuir uma estatura média ligeiramente superior às reportadas nos estudos portugueses e um ritmo de crescimento diferente das norte-americanas; peso semelhante ao das congéneres nacionais mas inferior ao das EUA; valores de pregas adiposas geralmente inferiores aos encontrados em Portugal e EUA; perímetros musculares e diâmetros ósseos semelhantes aos seus pares portugueses; e uma tendência para o aumento, com a idade, do ectomorfismo nos rapazes e do endomorfismo em ambos os sexos. Este panorama parece indicar que as crianças vianenses apresentam características de aptidão morfologia que estão longe de espelhar as preocupações internacionais nesta matéria.

  10. Dinâmicas atuais da enfermagem em Portugal: a representação dos enfermeiros Dinámicas actuales de la enfermeria en Portugal: la representación de los enfermeros Current dynamics of nursing in Portugal: nurses' representations

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    Felismina Rosa Parreira Mendes

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Trata-se de pesquisa qualitativa, com o objetivo de identificar as representações dos enfermeiros acerca das dinâmicas atuais da profissão, os marcos de sua evolução e as perspectivas futuras, realizada com vinte enfermeiros de Évora-Portugal, em abril/ maio de 2009, através de testemunhos narrativos. A formação ao longo dos anos e a Ordem dos Enfermeiros foram representadas como pilares centrais na construção da identidade profissional. A autonomia integra o cotidiano de cuidados, mas as questões hegemônicas de poder na equipe de saúde continuam a pautar a atuação dos enfermeiros e a balizar o seu auto e heterorreconhecimento profissional e social. As perspectivas futuras se direcionam para a empregabilidade, carreira e se consubstanciam na esperança de uns e na incerteza de outros.Se trata de pesquisa cualitativa con el objeto de identificar las representaciones de los enfermeros sobre las dinámicas actuales de la profesión, los hitos de su evolución y las perspectivas futuras, realizadas con veinte enfermeros de Évora en Portugal entre los meses de abril y mayo de 2009, por medio de declaraciones. La formación a lo largo de los años y la Orden de los Enfermeros fueron mostrados como pilares principales en la construcción de la identidad profesional. La autonomía integra los cuidados diarios, así como las cuestiones de hegemonía de poder en el equipo de salud que continúan a balizar la actuación de los enfermeros y a nortear su auto y heteroreconocimiento profesional y social. Las perspectivas futuras se direccionan para la empregabilidad, carrera y se consustancian en la esperanza de unos y la incertidumbre de otros.This research study, with a qualitative approach was carried out aiming to identify nurses' representation on current professional dynamics, evolutionary landmarks and the future outlook for Portuguese nursing with twenty nurses from Évora, Portugal, in April / May of 2009, through narrative

  11. Training requirements for agro-food industry in Portugal

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    Pedro D. Gaspar

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Agro-food companies are aware that the technical and soft skills of their employees directly influence business performance and, consequently, improving those skills will enhance the effectiveness and efficiency of their companies. This paper presents the main results of the AgriTraining project “Training requirements for the agro-food industry". Activities in pursuit of the objectives of this project involved: (1 analysis of the training needs in the agro-food industry in Portugal; (2 analysis of the training provision and the training organizations; (3 analysis of market trends; (4 definition of a training strategy; and (5 adjustment and development of training strategies for the agro-food sector. This last activity comprised the development of training curricula, suitable for the food sector as a whole and adjusted for the specific needs of some traditional industries, in order to promote the development and competitiveness of the agro-food industry in Portugal. Such training curricula aimed to promote the uptake of innovative technologies and methodologies, increase the ability of agro-food industries to invest and take risks, and enable adoption of European Community standards for production and marketing. Gaps in training supply were identified and the training provision was updated according to the needs of the agro-food companies. It was determined that companies need and demand knowledge and innovation to increase their competitive position for internationalization purposes. It was possible to define a training strategy based on market-orientation for agro-food differentiation.

  12. Spatial and temporal variability of precipitation and drought in Portugal

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    D. S. Martins

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The spatial variability of precipitation and drought are investigated for Portugal using monthly precipitation from 74 stations and minimum and maximum temperature from 27 stations, covering the common period of 1941–2006. Seasonal precipitation and the corresponding percentages in the year, as well as the precipitation concentration index (PCI, was computed for all 74 stations and then used as an input matrix for an R-mode principal component analysis to identify the precipitation patterns. The standardized precipitation index at 3 and 12 month time scales were computed for all stations, whereas the Palmer Drought Severity Index (PDSI and the modified PDSI for Mediterranean conditions (MedPDSI were computed for the stations with temperature data. The spatial patterns of drought over Portugal were identified by applying the S-mode principal component analysis coupled with varimax rotation to the drought indices matrices. The result revealed two distinct sub-regions in the country relative to both precipitation regimes and drought variability. The analysis of time variability of the PC scores of all drought indices allowed verifying that there is no linear trend indicating drought aggravation or decrease. In addition, the analysis shows that results for SPI-3, SPI-12, PDSI and MedPDSI are coherent among them.

  13. RESEARCH ON GEOGRAPHY TEACHING AND TEACHER EDUCATION IN PORTUGAL

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    ELSA PACHECO

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to contribute to the debate on the significance of geographical education as part of the development of a society in which discussion on how Geography is taught at international scale, and then addresses the intersection between research produced in the reports on t he introduction to professional practice and related study plans, c concerning the 2nd cycle of the teaching of History and Geography, in force since 2010 in Portugal. Based on the outcomes of the discussion, we will consider the research trends and whether or not they are suited to the latest recommendations on geographical education, in particular the training of Geography teachers, according to the assessed proposals which were submitted following the new law regulating the training of Geography teachers in Portugal. Among the main outcomes, we highlighted the diversity of topics addressed in the internship reports and the growing attention to new technologies in the cycle of studies under analysis, which suggests the adequacy of the future Masters in the Teaching of Geography at the University of Porto (starting in 2015/16 to the European recommendations on these matters

  14. RESEARCH ON GEOGRAPHY TEACHING AND TEACHER EDUCATION IN PORTUGAL

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    ELSA PACHECO

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to contribute to the debate on the significance of geographical education as part of the development of a society in which discussion on how Geography is taught at international scale, and then addresses the intersection between research produced in the reports on t he introduction to professional practice and related study plans, c concerning the 2nd cycle of the teaching of History and Geography, in force since 2010 in Portugal. Based on the outcomes of the discussion, we will consider the research trends and whether or not they are suited to the latest recommendations on geographical education, in particular the training of Geography teachers, according to the assessed proposals which were submitted following the new law regulating the training of Geography teachers in Portugal. Among the main outcomes, we highlighted the diversity of topics addressed in the internship reports and the growing attention to new technologies in the cycle of studies under analysis, which suggests the adequacy of the future Masters in the Teaching of Geography at the University of Porto (starting in 2015/16 to the European recommendations on these matters

  15. Competition policy for health care provision in Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barros, Pedro Pita

    2017-02-01

    We review the role of competition among healthcare providers in Portugal, which has a public National Health Service (NHS) at the core of the health system. There is little competition among healthcare providers within the NHS. Competition among NHS primary care providers is hindered by excess demand (many residents in Portugal do not have a designated family doctor). Competition among NHS hospitals has been traditionally limited to cases of maximum guaranteed waiting time for surgery being exceeded. The Portuguese Competition Authority enforces competition law. It has focused on mergers between private hospitals and abuse of market power (including cartel cases) by private healthcare providers. The Healthcare Regulation Authority produced several reports on particular areas of activity by private healthcare providers. The main conclusion of these reviews was lack of conditions for effective competition, with the exception of dentistry. Within the NHS, the use of tendering procedures was able to create "competition for the market" in particular areas though it was not problem free. Details in the particular design adopted matter a lot. Overall, the scope for competition policy and for competition among healthcare providers to have a main role in a health system based on a public National Health Service seems limited, with more relevance to "competition for the market" situations than to "competition in the market".

  16. Ditched enclosures in Southern Portugal: an Archaeoastronomical view

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mejuto, A J.; Valera, A. Carlos; Castaño, J. Gómez; Rodríguez-Caderot, G.; Becker, Helmut

    2015-05-01

    Since the very first ages, human beings have attempted to understand and manage their environment in order to survive. This is the case regarding wildlife, weather cycles and gathering periods. This is also reflected in the areas surrounding sites where individuals live; they changed the landscape with different aims. This type of archaeology has risen very recently - in the last few years - and is usually called Landscape Archaeology. Traditional landscape archaeology has dealt with earth and location related studies; the relationship of ancient peoples with the sky has been disregarded. The archaeoastronomical studies have mitigated this fact. Archaeoastronomy has revealed an important number of archaeological sites; many of them reveal a clear intention of astronomically designed buildings or structures. This implies a planned detailed design and obviously a deep understanding of astronomical knowledge. As examples of these sites a number of megalithic ditched enclosures sited in Portugal will be shown which were studied inside the project "Ditched enclosures plants and Neolithic cosmologies: A landscape, archaeoastronomical and geophysical perspective". The ideological and astronomical aspects inside the architecture of these types of sites will be explained. In this paper we present a new methodology applied in the archaeoastronomical calculations for southern Portugal sites. It includes GIS techniques and the development of an archaeoastronomical layer that can be used to display the computations over cartographic information from the archaeological sites. A Spatial Data Infrastructure is also created in order to expose the results.

  17. Trichinella britovi in a red fox (Vulpes vulpes) from Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopes, Ana Patrícia; Vila-Viçosa, Maria João; Coutinho, Teresa; Cardoso, Luís; Gottstein, Bruno; Müller, Norbert; Cortes, Helder C E

    2015-06-15

    Trichinellosis is one of the most important foodborne parasitic zoonoses, caused by nematodes of the genus Trichinella. Pigs and other domestic and wild animals, including red foxes (Vulpes vulpes), are sources of Trichinella infection for human beings. Trichinella britovi is the major agent of infection in sylvatic animals and the most important species circulating in the European wildlife. The present study aimed at assessing Trichinella spp. infection in red foxes from the North of Portugal. Forty-seven carcasses of wild red foxes shot during the official hunting season or killed in road accidents were obtained between November 2008 and March 2010. In order to identify the presence of Trichinella spp. larvae in red foxes, an individual artificial digestion was performed using approximately 30 g of muscle samples. Larvae of Trichinella spp. were detected in one (2.1%) out of the 47 assessed foxes. After a multiplex polymerase chain reaction analysis, T. britovi was molecularly identified as the infecting species. The recognition of T. britovi in a red fox confirms that a sylvatic cycle is present in the North of Portugal and that the local prevalence of Trichinella infection in wildlife must not be ignored due to its underlying zoonotic risks.

  18. Direct treatment costs of HIV/AIDS in Portugal

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    Julian Perelman

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE To analyze the direct medical costs of HIV/AIDS in Portugal from the perspective of the National Health Service. METHODS A retrospective analysis of medical records was conducted for 150 patients from five specialized centers in Portugal in 2008. Data on utilization of medical resources during 12 months and patients’ characteristics were collected. A unit cost was applied to each care component using official sources and accounting data from National Health Service hospitals. RESULTS The average cost of treatment was 14,277 €/patient/year. The main cost-driver was antiretroviral treatment (€ 9,598, followed by hospitalization costs (€ 1,323. Treatment costs increased with the severity of disease from € 11,901 (> 500 CD4 cells/µl to € 23,351 (CD4 count ≤ 50 cells/ µl. Cost progression was mainly due to the increase in hospitalization costs, while antiretroviral treatment costs remained stable over disease stages. CONCLUSIONS The high burden related to antiretroviral treatment is counterbalanced by relatively low hospitalization costs, which, however, increase with severity of disease. The relatively modest progression of total costs highlights that alternative public health strategies that do not affect transmission of disease may only have a limited impact on expenditure, since treatment costs are largely dominated by constant antiretroviral treatment costs.

  19. Precipitation Thresholds for Triggering Floods in the Corgo Basin, Portugal

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    Mónica Santos

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Thresholds based on critical combinations of amount/duration of precipitation and flood events were estimated for the Corgo hydrographic basin, in northern Portugal. Thirty-one flood events in the Corgo basin were identified between 1865 and 2011 from a database of hydrometeorological disasters in Portugal. The minimum, maximum, and pre-warning thresholds that define the boundaries for flood occurrence were determined. The results show that the ratio between the total number of floods and precipitation events exceeding the minimum threshold denotes a relatively low probability of successful forecasting. This result may be due to the reduced number of flooding events in the floods database, which only include floods that caused damage as reported by the media. The estimated maximum threshold is not adequate for use in floods, since the majority of true positives are below this limit. However, and more interestingly, the retrospective verification of the estimated thresholds suggests that the minimum and pre-warning thresholds are well adjusted. Therefore, the application of these precipitation thresholds may contribute to minimize possible situations of pre-crisis or immediate crisis by reducing the flood consequences and the resources involved in emergency response to flood events.

  20. Artisanal salt production in Aveiro/Portugal - an ecofriendly process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodrigues, Carolina M; Bio, Ana; Amat, Francisco; Vieira, Natividade

    2011-11-04

    Solar salinas are man-made systems exploited for the extraction of salt, by solar and wind evaporation of seawater. Salt production achieved by traditional methods is associated with landscapes and environmental and patrimonial values generated throughout history. Since the mid-twentieth century, this activity has been facing a marked decline in Portugal, with most salinas either abandoned or subjected to destruction, making it necessary to find a strategy to reverse this trend.It is, however, possible to generate revenue from salinas at several levels, not merely in terms of good quality salt production, but also by obtaining other products that can be commercialized, or by exploring their potential for tourism, and as research facilities, among others. Furthermore, with an adequate management, biodiversity can be restored to abandoned salinas, which constitute important feeding and breeding grounds for resident and migratory aquatic birds, many of which are protected by European Community Directives.The aims of this manuscript are to present a brief overview on the current state of sea salt exploitation in Portugal and to stress the importance of recovering these salinas for the conservation of this particular environment, for the regional economy, the scientific community and the general public. The Aveiro salina complex is presented in detail, to exemplify salina structure and functioning, as well as current problems and potential solutions for artisanal salinas.

  1. Psychiatry training towards a global future: trainees' perspective in Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinto da Costa, Mariana; Guerra, Cátia; Malta, Rui; Moura, Manuela; Carvalho, Serafim; Mendonça, Denisa

    2013-01-01

    Introdução: A psiquiatria é influenciada pelas mudanças que ocorrem na sociedade, devendo estar em constante renovação, antevendo futuros comportamentos e doenças. Este estudo pretende descrever a opinião dos internos de psiquiatria em Portugal relativamente ao seu internato e às modificações que nele gostariam de assistir no futuro próximo.Material e Métodos: Um questionário estruturado de 26 perguntas foi desenvolvido pela Associação Portuguesa de Internos de Psiquiatria e enviado por email.Resultados: A percentagem de respostas obtidas foi de 41,5%. A maioria dos internos estava satisfeita com a sua formação. Contudo, algumas mudanças foram sugeridas no que diz respeitos aos estágios obrigatórios e opcionais. A maior parte dos internos requer que as psicoterapias sejam incluídas no âmbito do internato, solicitando também um acesso mais fácil à investigação e a oportunidades de estágio no estrangeiro.Discussão e Conclusão: Esta perspectiva detalhada pode facilitar a transformação dos currículos do internato em Portugal e naEuropa, permitindo a melhoria do internato de psiquiatria, bem como dos cuidados de saúde mental.

  2. Formaldehyde and acetaldehyde emissions from residential wood combustion in Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cerqueira, Mário; Gomes, Luís; Tarelho, Luís; Pio, Casimiro

    2013-06-01

    A series of experiments were conducted to characterize formaldehyde and acetaldehyde emissions from residential combustion of common wood species growing in Portugal. Five types of wood were investigated: maritime pine (Pinus pinaster), eucalyptus (Eucalyptus globulus), cork oak (Quercus suber), holm oak (Quercus rotundifolia) and pyrenean oak (Quercus pyrenaica). Laboratory experiments were performed with a typical wood stove used for domestic heating in Portugal and operating under realistic home conditions. Aldehydes were sampled from diluted combustion flue gas using silica cartridges coated with 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine and analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography with diode array detection. The average formaldehyde to acetaldehyde concentration ratio (molar basis) in the stove flue gas was in the range of 2.1-2.9. Among the tested wood types, pyrenean oak produced the highest emissions for both formaldehyde and acetaldehyde: 1772 ± 649 and 1110 ± 454 mg kg-1 biomass burned (dry basis), respectively. By contrast, maritime pine produced the lowest emissions: 653 ± 151 and 371 ± 162 mg kg-1 biomass (dry basis) burned, respectively. Aldehydes were sampled separately during distinct periods of the holm oak wood combustion cycles. Significant variations in the flue gas concentrations were found, with higher values measured during the devolatilization stage than in the flaming and smoldering stages.

  3. Inhomogeneities detection in annual precipitation time series in Portugal using direct sequential simulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caineta, Júlio; Ribeiro, Sara; Costa, Ana Cristina; Henriques, Roberto; Soares, Amílcar

    2014-05-01

    other users to implement this method. The need of user intervention is reduced to a minimum through the usage of a cross-platform script. Finally, as in the previous study, the results are compared with those from the SNHT, Pettit and Buishand range tests, which were applied to composite (ratio) reference series. Acknowledgements: The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support of "Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia" (FCT), Portugal, through the research project PTDC/GEO-MET/4026/2012 ("GSIMCLI - Geostatistical simulation with local distributions for the homogenization and interpolation of climate data").

  4. Deterioration of the granitic stones of main front of the Vila Real Cathedral (N of Portugal

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    Gomes, M. E. P.

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The cathedral of Vila Real (North of Portugal is located in the city centre and at least four regional two-mica granites were used in its construction. A petrographic study of these granites concluded that the stones had different degrees of alterations. The identification of some physical properties of the granites –open porosity, real and apparent density, free water absorption, porometry and capillary transmission– confirms their susceptibility to degrees of weathering. A recent cleaning intervention was made and several types of deterioration were visible in the monument‚s stones, namely: granular disintegration, some thin black layers, plates, flakes and black crusts, especially in the main front exposed to SW. Granular disintegration is the most important deterioration process and is responsible for the loss of material in the most-affected stones; it is also related to the presence of small amounts of highly soluble salts such as halite and nitrates and to solar exposure.La Catedral de Vila Real (Norte de Portugal se encuentra en el centro de la ciudad y se han utilizado, al menos, cuatro granitos de dos micas para su construcción extraídos de sus alrededores. El estudio petrográfico de estos granitos pone de manifiesto que poseen un diferente grado de alteración. La determinación de algunas propiedades físicas de los granitos –porosidad abierta, densidad aparente y real, absorción libre de agua, porometría y capilaridad– confirman los distintos grados de alteración. La catedral ha sufrido una reciente limpieza y sobre las piedras de la Catedral se observan distintas formas de alteración, sobre todo desagregación granular (arenización, escasas pátinas finas negras, desplacaciones, escamas y costras negras, especialmente en la fachada principal, expuesta al SW. El fenómeno de la desagregación granular es el más importante y es el responsable de de la pérdida de material en las piedras más afectadas. Su g

  5. Relação entre herança genética, reprodução e meiose : um estudo das concepções de estudantes universitários do Brasil e Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Klatau Guimaraes, N.; Aurora, A; Dulce, D.; Silviene, S.; Helena, H.; Correia, A.

    2009-01-01

    A genética é uma das áreas da biologia associada a maiores dificuldades de aprendizagem. O conhecimento das concepções e conhecimentos prévios dos alunos é considerado fundamental para o desenvolvimento de compreensão científica e para a melhoria do ensino e aprendizagem em genética. Com o objectivo de diagnosticar as concepções de alunos universitários (Brasil e Portugal) sobre herança genética, reprodução e meiose, foram concebidas duas questões de resposta individual. Os resultados prévios...

  6. Sensibilizar para o desperdício alimentar: um projeto de educação para a cidadania

    OpenAIRE

    Correia, Marisa; Linhares, Elisabete

    2016-01-01

    O desperdício alimentar constitui um problema à escala mundial. Em Portugal, no contexto de crise económica que vivemos importa combater a situação de desigualdade no acesso e no consumo de alimentos, o que implica sensibilizar a população para uma mudança de comportamentos. Neste sentido, para a promoção do combate ao desperdício alimentar e de uma cidadania mais ativa em matéria de sustentabilidade é fundamental recorrer a diversas estratégias, nomeadamente a nível educacional. Todavia, par...

  7. Stimuli given to pedagogical experiences and textbook production during the Modern Mathematics Period: the Brazil-Portugal context Estímulos dados às Experiências Pedagógicas e à Produção de Livros Didáticos no Período da Matemática Moderna: contexto Brasil-Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gladys Denise Wielewski

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available In the Twentieth century, school mathematics became the focus of attention in national and international congresses, pointing to the need to rethink its teaching methodology. The discussion around the theme extended and resulted, in the late 1950’s, in the development of a proposal for the internationalization of the mathematics teaching methodology, involving organizations such as UNESCO and OECE. The OECE developed recommendations for the implementation of modern mathematics (MM. These recommendations were disseminated and resignified in many different countries.Based on some of the OECE’s recommendations, we seek to identify how they were operationalized in Brazil and Portugal. The question is: What did experiences with the MM and the publication of textbooks represent in these countries? Therefore, we used the bibliography about MM, official documents found in the historical archives of Portugal, and an interview with a Modernization of Mathematics Period participant. Keywords: Modern Mathematics. Pedagogical Experience. Comparative Historical Research.No século XX, a matemática escolar tornou-se foco de atenção em congressos nacionais e internacionais, evidenciando uma necessidade de se repensar seu ensino. A discussão ampliou-se e resultou, no final da década de 1950, na elaboração de uma proposta de internacionalização do ensino de Matemática, contando com o envolvimento de órgãos como UNESCO e OECE. A OECE propiciou a elaboração de recomendações para a implantação da Matemática Moderna (MM. Essas recomendações foram divulgadas e ressignificadas em diversos países. Pretendemos, a partir de algumas das recomendações da OECE, identificar como estas foram operacionalizadas, tendo como referência Brasil e Portugal. Pergunta-se: o que representou a realização de experiências com a MM e a publicação de livros didáticos nestes países? Para tanto, utilizamos produção bibliográfica sobre MM, documentos

  8. Emergência e institucionalização da sexologia em Portugal: processos, atores e especificidades

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Violeta Alarcão

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: Com base na teoria dos campos de Bourdieu, este artigo analisa a emergência e a institucionalização da sexologia enquanto ciência e profissão em Portugal, identificando instituições, atores e práticas profissionais, e discutindo as suas relações e especificidades. Começa por contextualizar o surgimento da sexologia moderna ocidental para uma compreensão do caso português no contexto sexológico internacional. Numa segunda parte, descreve os fatores de natureza social, cultural e institucional que têm impulsionado a profissionalização da sexologia. Na terceira, descreve a emergência da sexologia portuguesa e os seus principais marcos históricos, instituições e atores em jogo. Por fim, discute algumas implicações desse processo para o papel da sexologia como ciência e profissão. Esta pesquisa revela as dinâmicas entre processos nacionais e internacionais no campo, na transição de uma perspectiva holística da sexologia para a hegemonia da medicina sexual, e clarifica os seus mecanismos de legitimação como ciência transdisciplinar da sexualidade, sugerindo perspectivas futuras.

  9. A dissecação como ferramenta pedagógica no ensino da Anatomia em Portugal

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    Carlos Marques Pontinha

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Ao longo da História, a importância da utilização de cadáveres humanos para o ensino e investigação não tem sido consensual. No passado, a obtenção dos cadáveres indispensáveis ao ensino passou pelo recurso a cadáveres de reclusos, de não reclamados e ao roubo e/ou compra. Para além da inadmissibilidade ética e jurídica destas soluções, estas revelaram-se insuficientes para as necessidades das escolas médicas. Nas últimas décadas, a consciência global da legitimidade da doação de cadáveres foi-se intensificando, considerando-se, hoje, a forma digna de colmatar essa falta. Neste artigo realizou-se uma revisão da literatura com o objetivo de se fazer uma resenha histórica, jurídica e pedagógica sobre a importância da utilização de cadáveres humanos no ensino da Anatomia Humana nos cursos de Medicina, incluindo em Portugal, nomeadamente pelo recurso à dissecação cadavérica em complementaridade com outras ferramentas pedagógicas.

  10. The volcanic-sedimentary sequence of the Lousal deposit, Iberian Pyrite Belt (Portugal)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosa, Carlos; Rosa, Diogo; Matos, Joao; Relvas, Jorge

    2010-05-01

    dominant fragmentation mechanism. Unlike many locations of the IPB, fiamme-rich pyroclastic units were not identified at Lousal. The ore deposits occur in close proximity with this volcanic centre that may have driven hydrothermal circulation that led to ore formation. The volcanic rocks show intense chloritic alteration, indicating that the mineralizing event occurred after most of the rhyolitic units have emplaced. The massive sulfides show abundant sedimentary structures which is not typical in the massive sulfide deposits of the IPB. The Lousal 50 Mt massive sulfide deposit consists of at least 11 ore bodies and was exploited until 1988 mainly for pyrite. The ores mined averaged 0.7% Cu, 0.8%Pb e 1.4%Zn (Strauss, 1971). These relatively low base metal grades led to an evaluation of the contents and distribution of high-tech element in the ore bodies, which would improve the economic viability of mining the deposit. This evaluation is currently focusing on the distribution and mineralogy of selenium, as ores mined in the past were known to be rich in this element. This work benefits from research projects INCA (PTDC/CTE-GIN/67027/2006; Characterization of crucial mineral resources for the development of renewable energy technologies: The Iberian Pyrite Belt ores as a source of indium and other high-technology elements) and project ARCHYMEDES II (POCTI/CTA/45873/2002), both funded by the Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia. REFERENCES Strauss, G.K., 1970. Sobre la geologia de la provincia piritifera del Suroeste de la Peninsula Iberica y sus yacimientos, en especial sobre la mina de pirita de Lousal (Portugal): Memoria del IGME 77, 1-266. Tornos, F., 2006. Environment of formation and styles of volcanogenic massive sulfides: The Iberian Pyrite Belt. Ore Geology Reviews 28, 259-307.

  11. [Attitudes and beliefs regarding opioid maintenance treatment in Portugal: a survey to physicians, patients and opioid users].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goulão, João

    2013-01-01

    Introdução: Existem poucos estudos pan-europeus sobre programas terapêuticos com agonistas opiáceos, tanto da perspectiva dos prescritores, como dos doentes que os recebem e dos utilizadores de opióides que se mantêm fora do sistema de tratamento. O projecto ACCESS, um estudo europeu realizado em 11 países, explorou as atitudes e percepções dos médicos, doentes e utilizadores de opióides quanto à qualidade e ao acesso aos programas terapêuticos com agonistas opiáceos. O presente artigo descreve os principais resultados para Portugal.Material e Métodos: Os médicos que tratam doentes dependentes de opióides com recurso a programas terapêuticos com agonistas opiáceos foram inquiridos por entrevista directa; os doentes em programas terapêuticos com agonistas opiáceos, os doentes que não se encontravam em programas terapêuticos com agonistas opiáceos (em tratamento não farmacológico), e os utilizadores activos (pessoas dependentes de opióides que não se encontram actualmente em tratamento) receberam questionários de auto-preenchimento.Resultados: Verificou-se que, tanto os médicos como os doentes avaliam como ‘Bom’ o tratamento dos dependentes de opióides, em Portugal. O acesso ao tratamento foi considerado ‘Fácil’ pela maioria dos doentes e dos médicos, registando-se um elevado nível de satisfação entre os doentes. Contudo, o conhecimento dos doentes quanto às opções dos programas terapêuticos com agonistas opiáceos em Portugal encontra-se ainda abaixo do nível óptimo e as doses dos fármacos dos programas terapêuticos com agonistas opiáceos são frequentemente baixas.Discussão: Os resultados do projecto ACCESS, no que diz respeito a PTAO, são encorajadores e evidenciam quer as áreas de sucesso, quer as áreas que podem ser melhoradas no futuro, no que diz respeito ao sistema de tratamento de dependências de opióides em Portugal.Conclusões: O projecto ACCESS faz uma avaliação importante das atitudes e percep

  12. O acolhimento familiar em Portugal: conceitos, práticas e desafios Foster care in Portugal: concepts, practices and challenges

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    Paulo Delgado

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available O Acolhimento Familiar assume em Portugal uma expressão reduzida, num sistema de protecção das crianças excessivamente centrado na colocação em instituições, não obstante o discurso político mais recente, defensor da desinstitucionalização, e a evolução de outros sistemas sociais em diversos países europeus. Este artigo pretende caracterizar o modelo de Acolhimento Familiar português, destacando, nomeadamente, a sua evolução histórica mais recente, os conceitos e tipologias que mobiliza, as práticas que manifesta e os desafios que se colocam ao seu desenvolvimento.The Foster Care in Portugal takes a reduced expression, in a system of protection of children excessively focused on institutional placements, despite the political discourse more recent, advocate of deinstitutionalization, and the development of other social systems in several European countries. This paper aims to analyze the Portuguese Foster Care model, highlighting in particular its historical evolution latest concepts and typologies that mobilize the practices that expresses, and challenges to its development.

  13. Serological Evidence for Schmallenberg Virus Infection in Sheep of Portugal, 2014.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Esteves, Fernando; Mesquita, João R; Vala, Helena; Abreu-Silva, Joana; van der Poel, Wim H M; Nascimento, Maria S J

    2016-01-01

    Between November and December of 2014, a serosurvey was set up to evaluate the presence of Schmallenberg virus (SBV) antibodies in sheep of Portugal. Sera (n = 1068) were tested using an indirect enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ID Screen(®) Schmallenberg virus indirect, IDvet Innovative Diagnostics, Montpellier, France). The estimated occurrence of immunogobulin G (IgG) antibodies against SBV in sheep of Portugal was 12.8% (95% confidence interval 11.0-15.0%). This is the first study reporting the presence of SBV antibodies in sheep of Portugal.

  14. Prevalence of Late Preterm and Early Term Birth in Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barros, Joana G; Clode, Nuno; Graça, Luís M

    2016-04-01

    Introdução: Nos últimos anos, vários autores evidenciaram a morbilidade associada aos partos ocorridos entre as 34 e 36 semanas (pré-termo tardio) e entre as 37 e 38 semanas de gestação (termo precoce). Neste sentido, pretendemos realizar um estudo epide-miológico dos partos que ocorrem nestas idades gestacionais, em Portugal. Material e Métodos: Realizámos um inquérito, que foi aplicado a todos os hospitais públicos de Portugal, acerca da prevalência e via de parto nos partos pré-termo tardios e de termo precoce, e morbilidade e mortalidade neonatal associada. As questões referiam-se apenas a gestações de feto único e a partos ocorridos em 2013. Resultados: Incluímos 14 hospitais, correspondendo a 33,5% dos partos ocorridos em Portugal, em 2013. Verificámos que 5,4% dos partos ocorreram no período pré-termo tardio e 27% no termo precoce. Aproximadamente dois terços dos partos pré-termo tardio e três quartos dos partos de termo precoce foram espontâneos. A taxa de cesariana foi mais elevada entre as 34 e 36 semanas de gestação (39,1%) do que entre as 37 e 38 semanas (26,4%). As complicações neonatais foram mais frequentes após um parto pré-termo tardio (34,2%), quando comparadas com os de termo precoce (14,2%). Discussão: Na nossa amostra, a prevalência de parto pré-termo tardio e de termo precoce, ainda que ligeiramente inferior, é comparável à publicada em estudos anteriores. Conclusão: Á importante que a comunidade obstétrica nacional adote atitudes no sentido de limitar os partos antes das 39 semanas de gestação. Assim, nestas idades gestacionais os partos devem possuir uma indicação médica válida.

  15. Occupational exposure in Portugal in the 1999 - 2003 period

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Martins, M.B.; Abrantes, J.N.; Alves, J.G. [Instituto Tecnologico e Nuclear, Dept. de Proteccao Radiologica e Seguranca Nuclear Estrada Nacional 10, Sacavem (Portugal)

    2006-07-01

    The annual effective doses evaluated by the Individual Monitoring Service of the Radiological Protection and Nuclear Safety Department (D.P.R.S.N.) of the Nuclear and Technological Institute (I.T.N.) in Portugal, in the 5-year period from 1999 - 2003, are analysed and presented in this paper. In this period, the I.M.S. at I.T.N.-D.P.R.S.N. monitored nearly 91% of all the monitored population in Portugal. In 2003, approximately 9,000 professionally exposed workers from 970 facilities spread from all over the country were monitored. The workers are organized in four fields of activity, namely conventional industry, research, medicine and mining. In the period from 1999 to 2003, the workers from the medical sector represented 80-85% of the monitored population. In Portugal there are no nuclear power plants but there is a nuclear research reactor at I.T.N. premises. People working at the reactor were included in the research field. In this period, the number of workers involved in the mining field decreased as the exploration of natural Uranium ore was gradually discontinued. During this period there were two monitoring systems operating at the I.M.S. of I.T.N.-D.P.R.S.N., one based on film and the other one based on thermoluminescence detectors (TLD). An effort was made to transfer people monitored by film to TLD and in 2003 nearly 6,500 workers (approx.) were monitored with this methodology. Workers shifted from film to TLD monitoring method were taken into account and considered only once. In this work, the annual whole body doses evaluated in the period 1999 to 2003 were considered. The distribution of workers in each field of activity was determined and the distribution of workers by dose intervals in each field is presented. The annual average doses were computed for the total monitored population and for the exposed workers in each field of activity. The annual collective doses in each field of activity and the total collective doses were also determined and

  16. Realidad y perspectiva de las competencias para el ejercicio directivo en Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    En la presente comunicación se aborda la realidad portuguesa de la gestión escolar. Se analiza el encuadramiento legislativo, la contratación, la formación y la evaluación de los directores de las escuelas no superiores en un contexto que es muy marcado por la definición de tipologías de funciones y muy poco por competencias. Simultáneamente, se presentan los resultados de una investigación sobre competencias de liderazgo y se cruzan elementos con la experiencia de los países i...

  17. Turismo médico: uma oportunidade para o Norte de Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Antelo, Fernando

    2013-01-01

    Segundo a Organização Mundial do Turismo um número crescente de destinos turísticos, investiram no desenvolvimento do turismo, transformando o turismo moderno no fator chave do progresso socioeconómico, através do retorno de receitas de divisas, da criação de emprego e empresas e desenvolvimento das infra-estruturas. Contudo, turismo médico é fenómeno pouco conhecido e ainda não suficientemente estudado. O turismo médico decerto se irá desenvolver considerando o crescimento da taxa de envelhe...

  18. Sistemas silvopastorales en Portugal: perspectivas para o montado, um sistema multifuncional

    OpenAIRE

    Pinto-Correia, Teresa; Ribeiro, Nuno; GOdinho, Sergio

    2012-01-01

    This lecture adresses the MOntado, its history and its role in the Portuguese landscape and also in the Portuguese agricultral sector. It raises the issue of landscape multifunctionality and how this is understaood and follwoed by land managers.

  19. Los usuarios y las webs de los archivos históricos nacionales: el caso del Arquivo Nacional da Torre do Tombo (Portugal Webs and national archives users: the case of Arquivo Nacional de Torre do Tombo (Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amalia Más Bleda

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este artículo es conocer cuál es la información o los servicios que se deberían incluir en el sitio web de un archivo, tomando como referencia la opinión de su público. Para ello analizamos las necesidades de 90 usuarios de un archivo concreto: el Arquivo Nacional da Torre do Tombo (Archivo Nacional de Portugal, obtenidas mediante la utilización de una entrevista personal. Se concluye que la mayoría de los usuarios desean encontrar en el sitio web información básica o práctica, como datos de contacto y condiciones de acceso y consulta, así como una descripción detallada de los fondos que custodia el archivo, el mayor número posible de documentos digitalizados, un buen sistema de búsqueda (catálogo y la posibilidad de hacer trámites en línea.Information is given of services that should be included in the website of an archive, taking as reference the opinion of its public. Therefore the needs of 90 users of this concrete archive, the Arquivo Nacional da Torre do Tombo (National Archive of Portugal are analyzed, which were obtained through a personal interview. Conclusions are that most users wish to find basic or practical information in the web, such as contact, access and consultation data; a detailed description of the archive's funds; the number of digitalized documents on-line; a good search system (catalog, and the possibility of doing transactions on-line.

  20. Health care to immigrant and Portuguese pregnant women in Portugal

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    Emília de Carvalho Coutinho

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to assess the care received and the barriers faced by immigrants and Portuguese pregnant women in Portugal. This is an exploratory qualitative study, resorting to applying semi-structured interviews to 60 immigrant and 22 Portuguese women. Content analysis supported by QSR Nvivo10 program was used. The study was approved by an Ethics Committee. The results showed four categories related to affective dimensions-relational, cognitive, technical-instrumental and health care policy for pregnant women. As for the barriers in health care, these were mentioned by some of the expectant mothers, especially immigrant women. Almost all, both immigrant and Portuguese, pregnant women were satisfied with the health care.

  1. Between Germanic and Latin eugenics: Portugal, 1930-1960

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    Richard Mark Cleminson

    Full Text Available Abstract This article assesses critically the participation of Portuguese eugenicists in “Latin eugenics” and traces the continuities and discontinuities with respect to this model. In particular, it focuses on a number of examples of more “Germanic” eugenics in contrast and in comparison to Latin versions of eugenics. In the former category, Eusébio Tamagnini, José Ayres de Azevedo and Leopoldina Ferreira de Paulo are considered; in the latter category, especially the work of Almerindo Lessa on “racial mixing” is considered. The conclusions suggest that we should seek diversity in both Latin and northern European eugenic models while at the same time placing Portugal within the array of possible versions of eugenics during the first half of the twentieth century.

  2. Conservation and sustainability in freshwater ecosystems in Tavira (Portugal)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonçalves, Esmeralda; Fonseca, José; Lopes, Luís; João Costa, Maria; Cunha, Miguel

    2013-04-01

    This interdisciplinary project carried out with 8th and 9th grade students involved five teachers from three different subjects (Physics and Chemistry, Natural Science and Geography). Framed in the Water Framework Directive, it aimed at verifying the ecological quality of water in two rivers in the municipality of Tavira (South Portugal). The development of this project has been structured in accordance with the following objectives: evaluate the quality of freshwater ecosystems through the existence of certain living organisms; present proposals on ways to preserve water resources in a sustainable perspective; sensitize students to the importance of their participation in collective action by volunteering for ecological protection. This is an innovative educational experience that allowed students an integrated approach to content and procedures applied to real problems in their local environment.

  3. Comparing Consumer Resistance to Mobile Banking in Finland and Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laukkanen, Tommi; Cruz, Pedro

    This study compares two distinct European countries namely Finland and Portugal in terms of consumer resistance to mobile banking services. We explored how the five adoption barriers namely usage, value, risk, tradition and image, derived from the earlier literature, differ between these two countries. Using an Internet questionnaire a total of 3.597 usable responses was collected. A confirmatory factor analysis was implemented with SEM to build the constructs’ latent score levels. Using non-parametric difference tests we concluded that the resistance is significantly lower among the Portuguese online bank customers in terms of four out of the five barriers. The results can be used for a better understanding and enhancement of adoption of this specific case of mobile communication.

  4. Alcoholismo, suicidio y factores de riesgo en Portugal.

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    Elsa Ferreira de Castro

    1992-01-01

    Full Text Available Se analiza indirectamente la contribución del alcoholismo en el suicidio. Se comparan las tasas de muerte por cirrosis hepática y por suicidio en Portugal y en el distrito de Lisboa, por sexo y profesiones. Las tasas son significativamente más altas en los hombres, los agricultores y en el distrito. Se concluye que el abuso alcohólico puede contribuir al aumento del suicidio. Se argumenta que los hombres sufren de depresión más grave y tienen tasas de suicidio más elevado debido, entre otros motivos, al ser su alcoholismo más frecuente.

  5. Linguistic isolates in Portugal: insights from the mitochondrial DNA pattern.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mairal, Quim; Santos, Cristina; Silva, Marina; Marques, Sofia L; Ramos, Amanda; Aluja, Maria Pilar; Amorim, Antonio; Prata, Maria João; Alvarez, Luis

    2013-12-01

    Miranda do Douro, located in the northeastern region of Portugal, has notable characteristics not only from a geographic or naturalistic point of view, but also from a cultural perspective. A remarkable one is the coexistence of two different languages: Portuguese and Mirandese, the second being an Astur-Leonese dialect. The current persistence of the Astur-Leonese dialect in this population falls on the singularity of the region: relative isolation, implying difficulties to communicate with other Portuguese regions, while the same location facilitated the establishment of social and commercial relationships with adjacent Spanish territories, origin of the Astur-Leonese language. The objective of this study was to characterize the population from Miranda through the analysis of maternal lineages in order to evaluate whether its mitochondrial DNA diversity fitted the patterns previously reported for other populations from the Iberian Peninsula. Viewing that, the entire control region of mitochondrial DNA from 121 individuals was examined. Miranda showed a haplogroup composition usual for a Western European population, in the sense that as high as 63.6% of sequences belonged to macro-haplogroup R0. Lineages ascribed to have an African (L2a and L1b) origin, were detected, but reaching an amount commonly found in Portugal. Miranda also presented a few haplogroups typically found in Jewish populations, while rarely observed in other Iberian populations. The finding can be explained by gene flow with crypto-Jew communities that since long are known to be established in the region where Miranda is located. In Miranda, both genetic and nucleotide diversities presented low values (0.9292 ± 0.0180 and 0.01101 ± 0.00614 respectively) when compared to populations from its micro-geographical framework, which constitute a sign of population isolation that certainly provided conditions for the survival of the Astur-Leonese dialect in the region.

  6. Parasite communities in stray cat populations from Lisbon, Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waap, H; Gomes, J; Nunes, T

    2014-12-01

    Stray cats live in high-density colonies in urban areas and pose a health hazard to household cats and humans. In Portugal, information on the parasitic fauna of stray cats is limited and relies mostly on results from faecal analysis. The present survey aimed to determine the prevalence, diversity and intensity of parasites in stray cats from the urban area of Lisbon by means of parasitological necropsy. Internal organs were collected from 162 cats captured in different areas of the city and systematically subjected to parasitological dissection. Helminths were identified by macro- and microscopic examination and protozoa by faecal floatation and sedimentation techniques. The overall prevalence of parasites was 90.7% (95% confidence interval (CI): 85.3-94.6%). A total of 12 parasite species was recorded: Cystoisospora felis (14.2%), Cystoisospora rivolta (46.3%), Sarcocystis sp. (1.2%), Ancylostoma tubaeforme (19.1%), Toxocara cati (38.3%), Ollulanus tricuspis (30.9%), Aelurostrongylus abstrusus (12.4%), Eucoleus aerophilus (0.6%), Taenia taeniaeformis (3.1%), Dipylidium caninum (53.1%), Joyeuxiella pasqualei (15.4%) and Diplopylidium nölleri (3.7%). Overall mean species richness was 2.36 ±  1.52. Helminth mean intensity was highest for O. tricuspis (285.8), followed by D. caninum (42.4), J. pasqualei (14.4), A. tubaeforme (8.1) and T. cati (5.9). The prevalence and variety of parasites found in our sampling are substantially higher than the numbers previously reported in Portugal. Some of the parasites, including T. cati and A. tubaeforme, are zoonotic, which emphasizes the need for parasite control strategies based on demographic containment of stray cat populations in urban areas to promote public health protection.

  7. Spatio-temporal clustering of wildfires in Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costa, R.; Pereira, M. G.; Caramelo, L.; Vega Orozco, C.; Kanevski, M.

    2012-04-01

    Several studies have shown that wildfires in Portugal presenthigh temporal as well as high spatial variability (Pereira et al., 2005, 2011). The identification and characterization of spatio-temporal clusters contributes to a comprehensivecharacterization of the fire regime and to improve the efficiency of fire prevention and combat activities. The main goalsin this studyare: (i) to detect the spatio-temporal clusters of burned area; and, (ii) to characterize these clusters along with the role of human and environmental factors. The data were supplied by the National Forest Authority(AFN, 2011) and comprises: (a)the Portuguese Rural Fire Database, PRFD, (Pereira et al., 2011) for the 1980-2007period; and, (b) the national mapping burned areas between 1990 and 2009. In this work, in order to complement the more common cluster analysis algorithms, an alternative approach based onscan statistics and on the permutation modelwas used. This statistical methodallows the detection of local excess events and to test if such an excess can reasonably have occurred by chance.Results obtained for different simulations performed for different spatial and temporal windows are presented, compared and interpreted.The influence of several fire factors such as (climate, vegetation type, etc.) is also assessed. Pereira, M.G., Trigo, R.M., DaCamara, C.C., Pereira, J.M.C., Leite, S.M., 2005:"Synoptic patterns associated with large summer forest fires in Portugal".Agricultural and Forest Meteorology. 129, 11-25. Pereira, M. G., Malamud, B. D., Trigo, R. M., and Alves, P. I.: The history and characteristics of the 1980-2005 Portuguese rural fire database, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 11, 3343-3358, doi:10.5194/nhess-11-3343-2011, 2011 AFN, 2011: AutoridadeFlorestalNacional (National Forest Authority). Available at http://www.afn.min-agricultura.pt/portal.

  8. Influence of meteorological conditions on RSV infection in Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oliveira-Santos, M.; Santos, J. A.; Soares, J.; Dias, A.; Quaresma, M.

    2016-04-01

    Acute viral bronchiolitis is a common cause for infant hospital admissions. Of all etiological agents, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is commonly the most frequent. The present study assesses relationships between atmospheric factors and RSV infections in under 3-year-old patients admitted to the Inpatient Paediatric Service of Vila Real (North of Portugal). For this purpose, (1) clinical files of children admitted with a diagnosis of acute bronchiolitis from September 2005 to December 2015 (>10 years) were scrutinised and (2) local daily temperature/precipitation series, as well as six weather types controlling meteorological conditions in Portugal, were used. Fifty-five percent of all 770 admitted children were effectively infected with a given virus, whilst 48 % (367) were RSV+, i.e. 87 % of virus-infected children were RSV+. The bulk of incidence is verified in the first year of age (82 %, 302), slightly higher in males. RSV outbreaks are typically from December to March, but important inter-annual variability is found in both magnitude and shape. Although no clear connections were found between monthly temperatures/precipitation and RSV outbreaks apart from seasonality, a linkage to wintertime cold spells is apparent on a daily basis. Anomalously low minimum temperatures from the day of admittance back to 10 days before are observed. This relationship is supported by anomalously high occurrences of the E and AA weather types over the same period, which usually trigger dry and cold weather. These findings highlight some predictability in the RSV occurrences, revealing potential for modelling and risk assessments.

  9. Influence of meteorological conditions on RSV infection in Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oliveira-Santos, M.; Santos, J. A.; Soares, J.; Dias, A.; Quaresma, M.

    2016-12-01

    Acute viral bronchiolitis is a common cause for infant hospital admissions. Of all etiological agents, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is commonly the most frequent. The present study assesses relationships between atmospheric factors and RSV infections in under 3-year-old patients admitted to the Inpatient Paediatric Service of Vila Real (North of Portugal). For this purpose, (1) clinical files of children admitted with a diagnosis of acute bronchiolitis from September 2005 to December 2015 (>10 years) were scrutinised and (2) local daily temperature/precipitation series, as well as six weather types controlling meteorological conditions in Portugal, were used. Fifty-five percent of all 770 admitted children were effectively infected with a given virus, whilst 48 % (367) were RSV+, i.e. 87 % of virus-infected children were RSV+. The bulk of incidence is verified in the first year of age (82 %, 302), slightly higher in males. RSV outbreaks are typically from December to March, but important inter-annual variability is found in both magnitude and shape. Although no clear connections were found between monthly temperatures/precipitation and RSV outbreaks apart from seasonality, a linkage to wintertime cold spells is apparent on a daily basis. Anomalously low minimum temperatures from the day of admittance back to 10 days before are observed. This relationship is supported by anomalously high occurrences of the E and AA weather types over the same period, which usually trigger dry and cold weather. These findings highlight some predictability in the RSV occurrences, revealing potential for modelling and risk assessments.

  10. Seasonal drought predictability in Portugal using statistical-dynamical techniques

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ribeiro, A. F. S.; Pires, C. A. L.

    2016-08-01

    Atmospheric forecasting and predictability are important to promote adaption and mitigation measures in order to minimize drought impacts. This study estimates hybrid (statistical-dynamical) long-range forecasts of the regional drought index SPI (3-months) over homogeneous regions from mainland Portugal, based on forecasts from the UKMO operational forecasting system, with lead-times up to 6 months. ERA-Interim reanalysis data is used for the purpose of building a set of SPI predictors integrating recent past information prior to the forecast launching. Then, the advantage of combining predictors with both dynamical and statistical background in the prediction of drought conditions at different lags is evaluated. A two-step hybridization procedure is performed, in which both forecasted and observed 500 hPa geopotential height fields are subjected to a PCA in order to use forecasted PCs and persistent PCs as predictors. A second hybridization step consists on a statistical/hybrid downscaling to the regional SPI, based on regression techniques, after the pre-selection of the statistically significant predictors. The SPI forecasts and the added value of combining dynamical and statistical methods are evaluated in cross-validation mode, using the R2 and binary event scores. Results are obtained for the four seasons and it was found that winter is the most predictable season, and that most of the predictive power is on the large-scale fields from past observations. The hybridization improves the downscaling based on the forecasted PCs, since they provide complementary information (though modest) beyond that of persistent PCs. These findings provide clues about the predictability of the SPI, particularly in Portugal, and may contribute to the predictability of crops yields and to some guidance on users (such as farmers) decision making process.

  11. Tsunami flooding along Tagus estuary, Portugal, the 1531 event

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baptista, M. A.; Miranda, J. M.; Batlo, J.; Ferreira, H.

    2012-04-01

    TSUNAMI FLOODING ALONG TAGUS ESTUARY (PORTUGAL), THE 1531 EVENT The city of Lisbon one of the main towns in Europe between the XVI and XVIII centuries was severely damaged by two strong earthquakes: 1531-01-26 and 1755-11-01 and the companion tsunamis. In this study we present a re-evaluation of the data available for this event. The 26 January 1531 earthquake occurred between 4 and 5 am and was felt mainly in Lisbon and surroundings dwellings along the Tagus river estuary. The shock heavily destroyed Lisbon downtown causing approximately 1000 casualties Two foreshocks preceded the event: on the 2nd and the 7th January 1531, respectively. The maximum MSK intensity is IX, making it one of the most disastrous earthquakes in the recent history of Portugal. The historical descriptions clearly describe the observation of high waves and the ships touching the riverbed. Although, the difference between tsunamis and storms is sometimes unclear in some historical documents, in this case, the occurrence of the of the earthquake definitively states clearly excludes the hypothesis of a storm. Moreover, the king's chronicle clearly states the observation of high waves and the lack of wind. Other reports consistent with the occurrence of a tsunami are the observation of strong fluxes and refluxes in the river the division of islands into smaller ones and the observation of the riverbed. In this study we present a re-appraisal of the historical information available, a new isoseismal map and the relocation of the epicentre. Finally, we present a tsunami simulation and propagation along a section of 70 km along Tagus estuary compatible with the earthquake data and the historical accounts.

  12. Thromboprophylaxis in critically ill children in Spain and Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nñnez, A. Rodríguez; Fonte, M.; Faustino, E.V.S.

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Although critically ill children may be at risk from developing deep venous thrombosis (DVT), data on its incidence and effectiveness of thromboprophylaxis are lacking. Objective To describe the use of thromboprophylaxis in critically ill children in Spain and Portugal, and to compare the results with international data. Material and methods Secondary analysis of the multinational study PROTRACT, carried out in 59 PICUs from 7 developed countries (4 from Portugal and 6 in Spain). Data were collected from patients less than 18 years old, who did not receive therapeutic thromboprophylaxis. Results A total of 308 patients in Spanish and Portuguese (Iberian) PICUS were compared with 2176 admitted to international PICUs. Risk factors such as femoral vein (P = .01), jugular vein central catheter (P < .001), cancer (P = .03), and sepsis (P < .001), were more frequent in Iberian PICUs. The percentage of patients with pharmacological thromboprophylaxis was similar in both groups (15.3% vs. 12.0%). Low molecular weight heparin was used more frequently in Iberian patients (P < .001). In treated children, prior history of thrombosis (P = .02), femoral vein catheter (P < .001), cancer (P = .02) and cranial trauma or craniectomy (P = .006), were more frequent in Iberian PICUs. Mechanical thromboprophylaxis was used in only 6.8% of candidates in Iberian PICUs, compared with 23.8% in the international PICUs (P < .001). Conclusions Despite the presence of risk factors for DVT in many patients, thromboprophylaxis is rarely prescribed, with low molecular weight heparin being the most used drug. Passive thromboprophylaxis use is anecdotal. There should be a consensus on guidelines of thromboprophylaxis in critically ill children. PMID:24907863

  13. The Guarda structure (Portugal): Impact structure or not? Microstructural studies of Quartz, Zircon and Monazite

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zalinge, M.E. van; Hamers, M.F.; Drury, M.R.

    2012-01-01

    The Guarda Structure in north-eastern Portugal has been proposed as a potential impact structure. We have studied the structure in detail, but no field or microscopic evidence has been found to support the impact hypothesis

  14. Assessment of undiscovered oil and gas resources of the Lusitanian Basin Province, Portugal, 2016

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schenk, Christopher J.; Tennyson, Marilyn E.; Klett, Timothy R.; Finn, Thomas M.; Mercier, Tracey J.; Gaswirth, Stephanie B.; Marra, Kristen R.; Le, Phuong A.; Hawkins, Sarah J.; Leathers-Miller, Heidi M.; Paxton, Stanley T.

    2016-11-04

    Using a geology-based assessment methodology, the U.S. Geological Survey assessed mean undiscovered, technically recoverable resources of 121 million barrels of oil and 212 billion cubic feet of gas in the Lusitanian Basin Province, Portugal.

  15. Will new gender policies stop the decrease of women physicists in Portugal?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosa, Carla Carmelo; Peña, Maria Teresa; Saavedra, Luisa; Providência, Constança

    2013-03-01

    The present context of women physicists in Portugal is discussed, updating our report for the 2002 IUPAP International Conference on Women in Physics, in which the 30 years prior to 2000 were analyzed.

  16. Policía sin ciencia: La investigación criminal en Portugal: 1880-1936 Policía sin ciencia: La investigación criminal en Portugal: 1880-1936

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nuno Madureira

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the birth of the criminal police in Portugal in the context of prevailing scientific traditions that emphasised the biological traits of the criminal as individual, as human type or as social group. Although doctors, physical anthropologists and lawyers announced the coming of a new age of power informed by science and state rationality, in the battle against crime, these discursive intentions stayed far behind the actual practices carried on by criminal police. Science in action was a pretext for disputes inside the different bodies of administration and led to conflicts of jurisdiction with inadequate procedures for cri forensic investigation. Hence the discourse of rationality and surveillance was an argument for keeping the traditional practices and customary powers of police. minal identification in matters like fingerprints analysis, anthropometric archives and forensic investigation. Hence the discourse of rationality and surveillance was an argument for keeping the traditional practices and customary powers of police.Este artículo examina el nacimiento de la policía criminal en Portugal, en el contexto de las tradiciones científicas dominantes que hacían énfasis en los rasgos biológicos del criminal en tanto que individuo, tipo humano o grupo social. Aunque los médicos, antropólogos físicos y abogados anunciaron la llegada de una nueva era de poder informado por la ciencia y racionalidad estatal, en la batalla contra el crimen esas intenciones discursivas quedaron muy atrás de las prácticas realmente utilizadas por la policía criminal. La Ciencia en Acción era un pretexto para disputas en el seno de diferentes cuerpos de la administración y llevó a conflictos de jurisdicción con procedimientos inadecuados para la identificación criminal por medios como el análisis de huellas dactilares, archivos antropométricos e investigación forense. Así, el discurso de la racionalidad y la vigilancia fue un

  17. Materials and technologies in Art Nouveau architecture: Facade decoration cases in Italy, Portugal and Poland for a consistent restoration

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    Sandrolini, F.

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The results of a diagnostic survey on the materials of representative Art Nouveau buildings in Italy, Portugal and Poland are here presented and compared, as a contribution to their understanding and, hence, to support compatible restoration. In particular, the facade decorations were investigated for the appraisal of their materials and technologies, often neglected in current maintenance/restoration works and so cancelled, leading to a severe loss in architectural image. The ongoing diagnostic campaign, in collaboration among different universities, is aimed to set up a database on materials and technologies of Art Nouveau facade decorations at a European scale, as a technical-scientific background for the highlighting of preservation guidelines.

    En este trabajo se presentan los resultados de un estudio de diagnóstico sobre materiales representativos de edificios del periodo del Modernismo en Italia, Portugal y Polonia. Con la comparación de estos resultados se pretende contribuir a incrementar el conocimiento de los materiales usados en este patrimonio, que permita realizar más eficazmente las futuras intervenciones de restauración. En particular, se analizan las decoraciones de las fachadas, pasando por el reconocimiento de sus materiales constituyentes y de las tecnologías usadas, que muchas veces no son adecuadamente estudiados en intervenciones de mantenimiento y/o restauración, provocando graves pérdidas en su imagen y lenguaje arquitectónico original. Con la campaña de trabajos de diagnóstico, en colaboración con varias universidades, se pretende crear una base de datos sobre materiales y tecnologías usados en las decoraciones de fachada en el periodo del Modernismo a una escala europea. El material podrá constituirse en una herramienta técnico-científica de soporte al desarrollo de directrices y recomendaciones para la preservación de este patrimonio.

  18. Portugal; Financial Sector Assessment Program: Technical Note: Investor Protection, Disclosure, and Financial Literacy

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2007-01-01

    This technical note on Investor Protection, Disclosure, and Financial Literacy for Portugal explains investor protection and corporate governance. Comissão do Mercado de Valores Mobiliários (CMVM) is the regulator in charge on ensuring compliance with disclosure issues as well as the corporate governance framework. It has also participated in the creation of a specialized program in securities at the university level. Portugal has implemented an investor compensation scheme, which covers secu...

  19. Políticas de Habitação em Portugal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alves, Sonia

    In the comparative analysis of international housing systems, the creation of typologies seeking to group and to explain the trajectory of different groups of countries enables us to overcome the limitations of juxtapositional studies (predominantly focusing upon the particularities of each count...... in Portugal and Denmark, the current presentation seeks to test the relevance of these theories in foresight exercises in the field of housing in Portugal....

  20. PORTUGAL:Extra Time is Always the Best Part of the Game

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ Portugal's location as the most westerly part of continental Europe,surroundedon two sides by the Atlantic has had a decisive impact on Portuguese history and culture. In 1415 Portugal embarked on maritime exploration which brought a diverse international influence to its culture.This contact with other nations has had a far-reaching impact on the Portuguese identity,particularly on the hospitable nature of the people.

  1. [Relational and reproductive trajectories leading to adolescent pregnancy in Portugal: a national and regional characterization].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pires, Raquel; Pereira, Joana; Pedrosa, Anabela Araújo; Bombas, Teresa; Vilar, Duarte; Vicente, Lisa; Canavarro, Maria Cristina

    2014-01-01

    Introdução: Este estudo pretendeu caracterizar as trajetórias relacionais e reprodutivas conducentes à gravidez na adolescência em Portugal, explorando a existência de especificidades regionais.Material e Métodos: O estudo decorreu entre 2008 e 2013 em 42 serviços de saúde públicos. A amostra, nacionalmente representativa, incluiu 459 grávidas com idades entre os 12 e os 19 anos. Os dados foram obtidos por autorrelato, através de uma ficha de caracterização construída para o efeito.Resultados: Independentemente de terem tido um (59,91%) ou múltiplos parceiros sexuais (40,09%), as adolescentes engravidaram de forma mais frequente numa relação de namoro, utilizando contraceção à data da conceção e tendo identificado a falha contracetiva que esteve na origem da gravidez (39,22%). A nível regional, outras trajetórias surgiram com elevada prevalência, refletindo opções como a decisão de engravidar (Alentejo/Açores), a não utilização de contraceção (Centro/Madeira) ou a sua utilização ineficaz sem que a falha contracetiva fosse identificada (Madeira). As relações de namoro revelaram-se maioritariamente duradouras (> 19 meses), com homens mais velhos (> 4 anos) e fora do sistema de ensino (75,16%); estes resultados foram particularmente expressivos quando a gravidez foi planeada.Discussão: O conhecimento gerado por este estudo reflete a necessidade de investir em abordagens preventivas que atendam às necessidades específicas das jovens de cada região e integrem a população masculina de maior risco.Conclusão: Os nossos resultados podem contribuir para o delineamento de políticas de saúde mais eficazes e para uma atuação multidisciplinar mais informada ao nível da educação sexual e do planeamento familiar nas diferentes regiões do país.

  2. Traumatic brain injury in Portugal: trends in hospital admissions from 2000 to 2010.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dias, Celeste; Rocha, João; Pereira, Eduarda; Cerejo, António

    2014-01-01

    Introdução: O traumatismo crânio-encefálico tem um impacto sócio-económico considerável, sendo uma importante causa de mobimortalidade, frequentemente causador de incapacidade permanente. Procuramos caracterizar a utilização dos recursos de saúde de adultos com traumatismo crânio-encefálico em Portugal entre 2000-2010. Material e Métodos: Estudo retrospectivo de registos de adultos com código ICD9 de traumatismo crânio-encefálico incluídos na Base-de-Dados Nacional de Grupos Diagnósticos Homogéneos de 2000-2010. Realizamos uma análise estatística descritiva e avaliamos as tendências durante a década. Resultados: Analisamos 72 865 admissões em 111 hospitais, 64,1% do sexo masculino, idade média de 57,9 ± 21,8 anos (18-107). Encontramos uma diminuição no número de traumatismo crânio-encefálico em pacientes jovens e um aumento nos mais velhos. O número de acidentes de trânsito diminuiu e o número de quedas aumentou. Houve um aumento de traumatismos crânio-encefálicos moderados-graves internados: 47,2% em 2000 / 80% em 2010. O número de admissões em Cuidados Intensivos quase duplicou (15,8% vs 29,5%), assim como o número de procedimentos neurocirúrgicos efectuados (8,2% vs 15,2%). A mortalidade total aumentou de 7,1% para 10,6%. Discussão: A diminuição do traumatismo crânio-encefálico observada pode estar associada com as campanhas de prevenção rodoviária, melhoria da rede rodoviária e políticas de saúde. O aumento da mortalidade poderá ser explicado pelo melhor atendimento pré-hospitalar, permitindo que casos mais graves cheguem ao hospital com vida e, embora tratados com mais frequência em Cuidados Intensivos e exigindo procedimentos neurocirúrgicos, vêm a falecer. Por outo lado, o aumento da idade dos doentes presumivelmente com maiores co-morbilidades associadas ao envelhecimento também estará a contribuir para a maior mortalidade. Conclusão: O traumatismo crânio-encefálico em Portugal está a mudar

  3. TERMALISMO E ANIMAÇÃO TERMAL: O CASO DE SÃO PEDRO DO SUL (PORTUGAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joana Lopes

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available O termalismo assume um papel cada vez mais relevante no contexto do turismo atual. Para a revitalização das termas muito contribuiu a atividade turística. Reconhecendo diferentes motivações (férias, turismo, lazer, cura, destacam-se hoje dois tipos de termalismo: o clássico, que se mantém fiel aos padrões mais antigos, ou seja, exclusivamente ligados à saúde, e o termalismo de bem-estar, com um nível crescente de procura, devido aos seus benefícios no que diz respeito à prevenção e ao relaxamento através da água.O interesse crescente pelas estâncias termais, e a sua renovação, com a envolvência de diversos espectros etários, suscita a reflexão sobre a importância da animação (mecanismo recorrente no turismo que valoriza a realização de atividades lúdicas e educativas como meio diferenciador e âncora fundamental para fidelizar e atrair mais clientes/utilizadores.A análise destas temáticas e suas relações decorre no contexto das Termas de São Pedro do Sul (Região Centro, a unidade termal mais importante de Portugal.

  4. Un lugar en Europa y en el Mundo. Portugal y la geopolítica internacional durante la regencia de Pedro de Braganza (1668-1683

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Martín Marcos

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available A menudo el Portugal «post-restaurado» ha sido visto como un escenario donde los poderes del continente entablaron una lucha por ganarse un aliado. Esa idea se ha visto alimentada por la imagen del regente don Pedro, supuestamente inestable e incapaz de optar por un posicionamiento franco en el continente. Este artículo trata de demostrar que detrás de la apariencia de un príncipe débil que ofrecieron muchos de sus coetáneos, se escondió una estrategia para asegurar la propia pervivencia de Portugal. Como se verá, en esa circunstancia tuvo mucho que ver las peculiaridades de su regencia, muy diferente de los modelos clásicos en que el poder de sus titulares suele tener de antemano una fecha límite. Defendemos, pues, que el hecho de estar llamado a ocupar el trono regio a la muerte de su hermano, favoreció un poder, débil inicialmente, que se afianzó con el paso del tiempo.«Post-Restoration» Portugal has been traditionally considered a scenario where European powers entered a race to find an ally. This idea has been fed by the image of Regent Peter, supposedly instable and unable to take a clear stand in Europe. This article aims to show that, behind the appearance of a weak prince given by many of his contemporaries, there was a strategy to ensure Portuguese’s survival. As will be discussed later, this circumstance was strongly related to the peculiarities of Peter of Braganza’s Regency —too distant from classical models, in which holders are characterized by having a cut-off date—. In this case, the fact that Peter was the first in the line to the throne encouraged him over time to mitigate his weaknesses.

  5. Reforma na atencao primaria a saude e implicacoes na cultura organizacional dos Agrupamentos dos Centros de Saude em Portugal

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    Claudia Leone

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A crescente complexidade dos desafios do setor da saúde implica um aumento das responsabilidades para aqueles que nela assumem funções de gestão. Há consenso que a qualidade da força de trabalho em saúde é um fator crítico para o sucesso de qualquer reforma no setor. O objetivo desta investigação é estudar e analisar a alteração induzida por uma intervenção de formação-ação intensiva na cultura organizacional de 73 diretores executivos dos Agrupamentos dos Centros de Saúde (ACES em Portugal durante a reforma na atenção primária à saúde. Os dados foram coletados e analisados em dois períodos temporais, antes e depois da intervenção do Programa Avançado em Gestão, Governação Clínica e Liderança para os ACES, o qual teve um ano de duração. O modelo Competing Values Framework permitiu observar que, depois da intervenção de formação-ação, as percepções dos diretores executivos sobre a sua cultura organizacional se encontram mais alinhadas com a reforma da atenção primária à saúde, valorizando o tipo de práticas e valores que esta defende. É necessário continuar a monitorizar os resultados em vários períodos temporais para elaborar conclusões a esse respeito.

  6. Os Jogos Desportivos Luso-Brasileiros e os Congressos Luso-Brasileiros de Educação Física no âmbito das relações internacionais Brasil-Portugal (década de 1960

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victor Andrade de Melo

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Resumo Este estudo objetiva discutir os Jogos Desportivos Luso-Brasileiros e os Congressos Luso-Brasileiros de Educação Física no âmbito das relações internacionais Brasil-Portugal (década de 1960. Para alcance do objetivo, como fontes foram usados: o Boletim do Ultramar, a Revista de Educação Física e os Arquivos da Escola Nacional de Educação Física e Desportos (Enefd. O intuito é lançar novos olhares para a mobilização do esporte no âmbito da política colonial portuguesa, bem como para o relacionamento entre Brasil e Portugal na esfera da educação física/ciências do esporte. Ao fim, chamamos a atenção para a necessidade de avaliar com cuidado as iniciativas contemporâneas semelhantes às investigadas.

  7. Afonso Costa e as negociações do verão de 1916 sobre as condições financeiras de participação de Portugal na I Guerra Mundial. Na proto-história da integração europeia

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    Jorge Pais de Sousa

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available A guerra naval atinge o seu ponto crítico no primeiro semestre de 1916. Os submarinos alemães infligem pesadas baixas na frota do império britânico, comercial e de guerra, ou seja, a maior marinha do mundo. É ao abrigo da aliança com o seu mais antigo aliado que, nesta conjuntura precisa da geopolítica militar, a Inglaterra pede ao governo português a requisição dos navios alemães surtos nos portos portugueses desde o início da I Guerra Mundial. Em resultado a Alemanha, a 9 de março de 1916, declara guerra a Portugal. Surge o convite do governo britânico para uma missão governamental, chefiada pelo ministro das Finanças Afonso Costa, se deslocar a Londres para negociar as condições financeiras e militares em que os navios serão alugados ao governo britânico, bem como as condições em que Portugal pode contrair em-préstimos para entrar na guerra.Palavras-chave: I Guerra Mundial, Diplomacia económica luso-britânica, Transportes Marí-timos, Afonso Costa_____________________Abstract: The naval war reached its peak during the first semester of 1916. The German submarines had inflicted a huge blow on the British Empire navy, the biggest in the world by that time, both at commercial and war levels. In this context, England asks the Portuguese government to require the German ships docked in Portugal since the beginning of World War I, under its oldest alliance that with Portugal. In result, Germany declares war on Portugal on the 9th of March 1916. The English government calls a governmental meeting with Portugal whereby Afonso Costa, the Minister Finance and head representative of Portugal, travels to London. Here, he negotiates the financial and military conditions under which the ships will be rented to the English government as well as the requirements for borrowing money to finance war.Keywords: World War I, Luso-British economic diplomacy, Maritime Transport, Afonso Costa

  8. A visibilidade ambiental em perspectiva sociológica: estudo comparado Brasil-Portugal

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    Antonio Teixeira de Barros

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Análise sobre a produção social da visibilidade das temáticas ambientais no Brasil e em Portugal, no contexto recente, pelo ângulo da mediatização, com destaque para o papel da televisão. O objetivo é examinar como foram construídos os arranjos analíticos sociomediáticos a partir do agendamento e tematização ambiental, com base nas seguintes indagações: (a quais as questões socioambientais postas em relevo pelos media nos dois países? (b como se dá a articulação entre estudos mediáticos focados na agenda ambiental e a perspectiva das ciências sociais? (c que atores sociais são privilegiados por esses estudos? (d como os arranjos discursivos desses atores são postos em evidência pelos media? Estudo realizado com base em pesquisa bibliográfica, análise documental e revisão sistemática de estudos acadêmicos sobre mediatização ambiental, história das ideias ecológicas, com foco nas convergências entre sociologia da comunicação e sociologia ambiental. As conclusões destacam o caráter ambíguo da mediatização, como parte da lógica dos pacotes interpretativos que guiam a opinião pública.

  9. ARE LATIN CULTURES MORE PRONE TO CRISIS? THE EXAMPLE OF PORTUGAL 2011

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    Jorge F.S. Gomes

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Em 2008 o mundo embarcou numa das suas crises econômicas e financeiras mais graves. A crise levou a que muitos países procurassem ajuda das instituições financeiras internacionais. Exemplos destes países incluem a Islândia, Irlanda, Grécia, Portugal, e Chipre. Em 2012, os problemas internos ameaçavam igualmente de bancarrota a Eslovénia, a Espanha e a Itália. Têm sido propostas várias explicações para a crise de 2008 e sua globalização, que variam desde os motivos políticos e econômicos, aos sociológicos. Neste trabalho argumentamos que os traços culturais de um país podem ter influência sobre a crise, pois podem estimulá-la, enfraquecê-la, ou atrasar a recuperação. Assim, algumas caraterísticas culturais podem revelar-se contrárias ao paradigma econômico vigente, que a prazo tem um efeito negativo sobre a performance financeira do país. Mas num outro paradigma, as mesmas características podem incentivar o desenvolvimento econômico. O texto busca estimular o pensamento sobre a necessidade de ter uma perspectiva contextual, ou seja, uma visão que considere o alinhamento entre o arquétipo econômico dominante e os atributos culturais vigente numa nação.

  10. ODAM – A CONSTRUÇÃO DO MODERNO EM PORTUGAL: ENTRE O UNIVERSAL E O SINGULAR / ODAM – The construction of the modern in Portugal: between universal and singular

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edite Maria Figueiredo e Rosa

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN A ODAM explicita a inserção no espirito moderno de vertente universal e associativo, não apenas pela criação de um coletivo mas, pelo carácter abrangente do seu espaço de intervenção enquanto defensor de uma arquitetura moderna em Portugal. Desde o âmbito associativo, ao ensino, à prática profissional, até ao seu intercâmbio internacional, como testemunha a participação dos seus membros nos congressos CIAM a partir de 1951, o grupo ODAM afirma–se no debate à reivindicação dos ideais modernos em Portugal. Mas o mais significativo da produção moderna do grupo (manifestos, projetos, exposições coletivas e obras paradigmáticas situa–se mais que no seu ideal, conforme aos grandes grupos de referência, à consciência do necessário ajuste à circunstância específica local, pobre e periférico, o que se traduziu em ensaios compartilhados, de mais–valia diferenciadora. Esta análise retrospetiva e crítica da ODAM enquanto parte do quadro mais alargado que caracteriza as “Arquitecturas em común” do moderno, para além de (reafirmar o seu carácter universal, compreendido atualmente cada vez mais pelos seus discursos diversos, atesta a revisão crítica dos dogmas arquitetónicos modernos, presentes à data, nas arquiteturas do pós–guerra, emergentes no contexto europeu. De uma leitura, mais implícita que explicita, ressalta ainda a importância do debate, pensamentos e sobretudo da produção arquitetónica do grupo ODAM como génese da atual arquitetura portuense. SUMMARY ODAM makes clear the insertion in a modern spirit with a universal and associative face, not only by creating a collective, but for the wide character of its intervention space while advocate of a modern architecture in Portugal. From the associative scope, the teaching, the professional practice to its international exchange, as witnesses the participation of its members in CIAM congresses since 1951, ODAM group makes its statement

  11. Iberian lynx conservation in Portugal: dilemmas and solutions

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    Sarmento, P.

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Ateam of biologists and field assistants conducted, between January 2002 and May 2003, a survey on the status of the Iberian lynx in Portugal. The survey was performed on previously identified lynx areas, during studies carried out in the 1970-s and 1990-s Intensive search for lynx scats, for DNA analysis, and camera trapping provided a basis for identifying potential lynx areas. Over 4200 km were covered during a global searching effort of 1975 man-hours. This effort resulted in the collection of 168 potential scats that were submitted to genetic validation with no positive lynx amplifications. Camera trapping was applied in a total effort of 5647 camera days, in three lynx potential areas. No positive detections were achieved. At the same time, a study on wild rabbit distribution reveals that most historical nuclei do not support lynx viable populations. Although we can not confirm extinction, the scenario is highly pessimistic. The Iberian lynx is presently in the verge of extinction. Intensive rabbit regression and massive habitat destruction are identified as the main causes of decline in recent decades. In the Portuguese lynx historical range, we could only identify significant areas suitable for lynx in the South-eastern part of the country, particularly in the Andalusian border, where we lack on recent evidence of lynx presence. Being aware of the considerable difficulties pointed above, the ICN developed a Conservation Action Plan for the Iberian lynx in order to provide a consistent and effective approach to conserve the species in Portuguese territory. This proposal describes guidance that retains future options, provides management consistent, offers necessary flexibility, in order to achieve the maximum goal of conserving the lynx in Portugal. Conservation measures have the goal of provide guiding lines for conservations agents in order to conduct actions that can positively affect lynx and/or to help avoid negative impacts through

  12. Inovações curriculares: o ponto de vista de gestores de escolas do ensino básico em Portugal Curricular innovations: the perspective of teachers involved in school governance in Portugal

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    Preciosa Teixeira Fernandes

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Na última década, em Portugal, assistimos a alterações nas políticas curriculares para o ensino básico que têm contribuído para uma certa instabilidade no "terreno de ação" dos professores. Essas alterações ocorreram sobretudo desde o final da década de 1990, com o "Projecto de Gestão Flexível do Currículo" (GFC e, em 2005/2006, com a medida "Escola a tempo inteiro"². Do ponto de vista metodológico, sigo os contributos de Doyle e Ponder (1977 e de Correia (1989, sobre estratégias e processos de resistência ativa e passiva adotados por professores perante inovações centralizadas. À luz desses referentes, analiso discursos de professores/as em exercício de gestão e que experienciaram, enquanto tal, aquelas duas inovações. Em síntese, é intenção final deste texto situar o debate do lado micro da política curricular.In the last decade in Portugal, there have been changes in the curriculum policies for Basic Education that have contributed to some instability in the "field of action" of teachers. These changes were felt mainly in the late 90s with the Project "Flexible Management of Curriculum" (GFC and in 2005/2006 with the Full-time School measure. From the methodological point of view I have adopted the contributions of Doyle and Ponder (1977 and Correia (1989, concerning the strategies and processes of active and passive resistance shown by teachers towards central innovations. This is the base for my analysis of the speeches made by teachers who are directly involved in the daily governance of schools and have also experienced the two mentioned innovations. In short, the final intention of this text is to situate the debate on the micro side of the curriculum policies.

  13. The inquisitorial trial of a cross-dressing lesbian: reactions and responses to female homosexuality in 18th-century portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soyer, François

    2014-01-01

    This article analyzes the inquisitorial trial of Maria Duran, a Catalan novice in the Dominican convent of Nossa Senhora do Paraíso in Portugal. Maria Duran was arrested by the Inquisition in 1741 and, after a lengthy trial, condemned in 1744 to a public lashing and exile. She was suspected of having made a pact with the Devil and was accused by many female witnesses of possessing a "secret penis" that she had allegedly used in her amorous relations with fellow nuns and novices. Her voluminous trial dossier offers a rare and fascinating documentary insight into the often extreme reactions that female homosexuality provoked from both men and women in early modern Portugal. Using the evidence offered by the 18th-century trial of Maria Duran, this article highlights female bewilderment when faced with female-on-female sexual violence and the difficulty that men (in this case, churchmen) had coming to terms with the existence of female homosexuality. It also discusses the case in light of the acts/identity debate among historians of the history of sexuality.

  14. The lithic industries of Gruta Nova de Columbeira (Bombarral, Portugal in the context of the Late Mousterian of the Iberian Peninsula

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    Raposo, Luís

    1998-06-01

    Full Text Available Gruta Nova de Columbeira, discovered in 1962, is one of the most important Middle Palaeolithic sites in Portugal. The lithic industry, here described for the first time, may be described in general terms as a Denticulate Mousterian of Levallois fades rich in sidescrapers and it bears no resemblance to the Upper Palaeolithic. Two 14C dates (28900 ± 900 and 26400 ± 750 BP from the two human occupations at the base of the stratigraphic sequence confer a particular interest to this site. It is among almost twenty others in southern Spain and Portugal in which Mousterian industries and Neanderthal sekeletal remains persist even after 30000 BP. This article presents a bio geographical explanation of this phenomenon in the context of the historical evolution documented in the three southern peninsulae of Europe (Iberia, Italy, and the Balkans.

    La Gruta Nova de Columbeira, descubierta en 1962, constituye uno de los más importantes sitios del Paleolítico Medio en Portugal. La industria lítica, que aquí se caracteriza por primera vez, puede describirse genéricamente como un Musteriense de denticulados rico en raederas, de talla y facies levallois, sin signo alguno que la aproxime a patrones asimilables al Paleolítico Superior. Dos dataciones C14 de los dos niveles de ocupación humana de la base de la secuencia (28900 ± 900 y 26400 ± 750 BP confieren un interés especial a esta localidad, que se incluye en el conjunto de casi dos decenas de sitios ibéricos (sur de España y Portugal en que fué comprobada la subsistencia del Musteriense y de los neandertales hasta incluso después de 30000 BP. Se plantea una argumentación paleobiogeográfíca para explicar este fenómeno, en el cuadro de la evolución histórica documentada en las tres penínsulas meridionales (ibérica, itálica y balcánica del continente europeo.

  15. CONSUL GABRIELA MISTRAL IN PORTUGAL, 1935-1937: "UN POLICÍA EN LA ESQUINA Y DOS O TRES ESPÍAS ADENTRO DEL HOTEL"

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    Elizabeth Horan

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Portugal is a turning point in Gabriela Mistral's consular and literary careers1. Her convalescence in Lisbon was transformed by the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War, as she worked to evacuate endangered Spanish academics, artists, and doctors. When Chilean authorities sought her transfer, her friends issued a storm of invitations from Geneva and Paris, which enabled her to continue contributing to humanitarian relief from Portugal, where she reoriented her interests towards America and increased her work's visibility by obtaining recognition in Europe. Careful study of her actions from Lisbon reveals their impact, which extended past her own life: the emigrants whom she helped contributed to universities and other institutions in Mexico, the U.S., and Argentina. Uncovering these actions comes from engaging in an accurate identification and sequencing of her published and unpublished writings, which reveals how she failed and recovered from her first two consular assignments.Portugal marca un punto de inflexión en la carrera literaria y consular de Gabriela Mistral. Su convalecencia en Lisboa se vio transformada por el estallido de la Guerra Civil española. Trabajó para evacuar académicos, artistas, y médicos. Cuando las autoridades chilenas buscaron trasladarla, sus amigos le facilitaron invitaciones de Ginebra y París, algo que le permitió seguir colaborando en el trabajo humanitario desde Portugal, donde consiguió una reorientación hacia América y una proyección mayor desde el reconocimiento europeo, que amplió la visibilidad de su trabajo y figura. Un análisis cuidadoso de sus acciones desde Lisboa revela el impacto que estas tuvieron más allá de su propia vida, a través de los emigrantes que contribuyeron a universidades y a otras instituciones en México, EE.UU. y Argentina. La identificación y secuenciación de sus escritos revela cómo ella fracasó y se recuperó del revés de sus dos primeras misiones consulares.

  16. Body Mass Index assessment of health care professionals in a primary care setting in Portugal: a cross sectional study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campos-Matos, Inês; Peralta-Santos, André; Gomes, Bernardo; Borges, Gustavo; Aguiar, Pedro

    2014-01-01

    Introdução: A obesidade é um importante problema de saúde pública por ser fator de risco para numerosas doenças e estar associada a maior risco de morte. A evidência sobre a prevalência de excesso de peso em profissionais de saúde é escassa e este grupo é frequentemente esquecido em programas de intervenção. Este trabalho tem como objetivo estimar a prevalência de obesidade e excesso de peso entre os profissionais nos cuidados de saúde primários portugueses e descrever diferenças entre os grupos profissionais.Material e Métodos: Estudo descritivo transversal em contexto de cuidados de saúde primários em Portugal em 2011. Foram recolhidos dados sobre a ocupação, idade, sexo e altura de profissionais de quatro agrupamentos de centros de saúde. Fizemos uma análise descritiva das principais variáveis e uma análise de covariância para comparar o índice de Massa Corporal.Resultados: O grupo de conveniência representou 52,8% do total da população dos quatro agrupamentos de centros de saúde, sendo que 38,6% tinham excesso de peso e 16,9% eram obesos. Após ajustamento por idade e sexo, os assistentes técnicos e operacionais tiveram a média mais elevada de índice de Massa Corporal.Discussão: Apesar de não se poder garantir a generalização dos resultados nem excluir a possibilidade de viés de amostragem, estes resultados sugerem uma elevada prevalência de obesidade e excesso de peso nos profissionais dos cuidados primários de saúde em Portugal.Conclusão: Neste contexto de cuidados de saúde primários mais de metade dos profissionais de saúde apresentavam excesso de peso ou obesidade. ɉ possível que sejam necessárias intervenções específicas.

  17. Burkholderia pseudomallei: First case of melioidosis in Portugal

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    Ana Pelerito

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Burkholderia pseudomallei is a Gram-negative bacillus and the causative agent of melioidosis, a serious infection associated with high mortality rate in humans. It can be naturally found as an environmental saprophyte in soil or stagnant water, and rice paddies that predominate in regions of endemicity such as Northeast Thailand. B. pseudomallei is a Biosafety Level 3 organism due to risks of aerosolization and severe disease and is now included in formal emergency preparedness plans and guidelines issued by various authorities in the United States and Europe. Here, we report the first case of imported melioidosis in Portugal. B. pseudomallei was isolated from the patient's blood as well as from a left gluteal abscess pus. The isolate strain showed the unusual resistance profile to first-line eradication therapy trimethroprim/sulfamethoxazole. Whole genome sequencing revealed its similarity with isolates from Southeast Asia, suggesting the Thai origin of this Portuguese isolate, which is in agreement with a recent patient's travel to Thailand.

  18. Local fractality: the case of forest fires in Portugal

    CERN Document Server

    Kanevski, Mikhail

    2016-01-01

    The research deals with a study of local fractality in spatial distribution of forest fires in Portugal using the sandbox method. The general procedure is the following: (a) define a circle centred in each and all events with increasing radius R; (b) count the number of other events located within the circle of radius R, N(R); (c) plot the growth curve which is the functional dependence of N(R) versus R; and (d) estimate the local fractal dimension as the slope on log[N(R)] versus log[R]. The computation is carried out by using the location of every fire event as a centre but without the final averaging over all the fires for a given R, which is usually performed to get a global fractal dimension and to estimate global clustering. Sandbox method is widely used in many applications in physics and other subjects. The local procedure has the ability to provide the most complete information regarding the spatial distribution of clustering and avoiding non-homogeneity and non-stationarity problems. Most of the ana...

  19. El turismo accesible en Andalucía y Portugal

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    José Manuel Jurado Almonte

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Es relevante el número de personas con alguna discapacidad en Portugal, España y, dentro de la misma, Andalucía, y la Unión Europea que desean gozar del ocio y del turismo. Por tanto, a la imposición legislativa hay que añadir la oportunidad económica del turismo accesible. Los variados modelos turísticos existentes (sol y playa, rural, turismo cultural, turismo activo, etc. pueden y deben llevar también la etiqueta de «accesible». Pero la realidad, a pesar del avance experimentado en materia de accesibilidad, todavía está lejos de ello. No obstante, surgen novedosas experiencias públicas y privadas de destinos y equipamientos de uso público y vocación turística especialmente volcados con este colectivo y que es interesante resaltar por sus trascendencias empresariales y sociales. Asimismo, se trata de una nueva tipología o modelo, el del turismo accesible, con notables indefiniciones conceptuales y muy poco estudiado desde la geografía.

  20. Study of Organic Honey from the Northeast of Portugal

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    Teresa Gomes

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Concerns about traces of numerous toxic substances and authenticity have prompted consumer demand for honey that is certified as organic, based on strict ecological, natural principles and traceability. The present study aims to characterize organic honey samples (n = 73 from Northeast Portugal, with respect to floral nectar origin, physicochemical parameters and microbial safety. The phenols and flavonoids contents, often referred to as responsible for honey’s bioactive properties, were also assessed. All organic honey samples were classified as monofloral lavender (Lavandula sp., exceeded in quality the international physicochemical standards and showed low microbiological counts (yeast, moulds and aerobic mesophiles, with negative results in respect to fecal coliforms, Salmonella and sulphite-reducing Clostridium spp. Correlation of the palynological, physicochemical and microbiological results is necessary to check the authenticity, quality and sanitation of honey. Although not required by international legislation, results of those assessments provide a complete outlook and elucidation of the organic honey’s properties, which could promote its valorisation.

  1. Pithomycotoxicosis (facial eczema) in ruminants in the Azores, Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinto, C; Santos, V M; Dinis, J; Peleteiro, M C; Fitzgerald, J M; Hawkes, A D; Smith, B L

    2005-12-17

    Outbreaks of pithomycotoxicosis (facial eczema), a hepatogenous photosensitisation caused by the mycotoxin sporidesmin, have affected ruminants in the Azores Islands of Portugal after warm, humid periods during late summer and autumn. Twenty-two outbreaks were recorded in cattle between 1999 and 2001, affecting 11.4 per cent of the animals in the affected herds, and in 2000 there was an outbreak in one sheep flock in which more than 20 per cent of the sheep died. The clinical signs included decreases in milk production, weight loss, photosensitisation and its sequelae, including death. The animals had high activities of gamma glutamyltransferase in their serum, and icterus and severe liver disease, including biliary hyperplasia and fibrosis, were found postmortem. The characteristic spores of the toxigenic saprophytic fungus Pithomyces chartarum were found on grass; all 381 isolates of the fungus were toxigenic for sporidesmin by elisa, and the results were confirmed by high-performance liquid chromatography analysis. Cattle from farms at greatest risk of pithomycotoxicosis were protected by supplementing their concentrate feed with zinc oxide, or using a slow-release intraruminal zinc bolus.

  2. Radionuclides from past uranium mining in rivers of Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carvalho, Fernando P; Oliveira, João M; Lopes, Irene; Batista, Aleluia

    2007-01-01

    During several decades and until a few years ago, uranium mines were exploited in the Centre of Portugal and wastewaters from uranium ore milling facilities were discharged into river basins. To investigate enhancement of radioactivity in freshwater ecosystems, radionuclides of uranium and thorium series were measured in water, sediments, suspended matter, and fish samples from the rivers Vouga, Dão, Távora and Mondego. The results show that these rivers carry sediments with relatively high naturally occurring radioactivity, and display relatively high concentrations of radon dissolved in water, which is typical of a uranium rich region. Riverbed sediments show enhanced concentrations of radionuclides in the mid-section of the Mondego River, a sign of past wastewater discharges from mining and milling works at Urgeiriça confirmed by the enhanced values of (238)U/(232)Th radionuclide ratios in sediments. Radionuclide concentrations in water, suspended matter and freshwater fish from that section of Mondego are also enhanced in comparison with concentrations measured in other rivers. Based on current radionuclide concentrations in fish, regular consumption of freshwater species by local populations would add 0.032 mSv a(-1) of dose equivalent (1%) to the average background radiation dose. Therefore, it is concluded that current levels of enhanced radioactivity do not pose a significant radiological risk either to aquatic fauna or to freshwater fish consumers.

  3. A strategic approach for Water Safety Plans implementation in Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vieira, Jose M P

    2011-03-01

    Effective risk assessment and risk management approaches in public drinking water systems can benefit from a systematic process for hazards identification and effective management control based on the Water Safety Plan (WSP) concept. Good results from WSP development and implementation in a small number of Portuguese water utilities have shown that a more ambitious nationwide strategic approach to disseminate this methodology is needed. However, the establishment of strategic frameworks for systematic and organic scaling-up of WSP implementation at a national level requires major constraints to be overcome: lack of legislation and policies and the need for appropriate monitoring tools. This study presents a framework to inform future policy making by understanding the key constraints and needs related to institutional, organizational and research issues for WSP development and implementation in Portugal. This methodological contribution for WSP implementation can be replicated at a global scale. National health authorities and the Regulator may promote changes in legislation and policies. Independent global monitoring and benchmarking are adequate tools for measuring the progress over time and for comparing the performance of water utilities. Water utilities self-assessment must include performance improvement, operational monitoring and verification. Research and education and resources dissemination ensure knowledge acquisition and transfer.

  4. Anaplasma marginale and Theileria annulata in questing ticks from Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antunes, S; Ferrolho, J; Domingues, N; Santos, A S; Santos-Silva, M M; Domingos, A

    2016-09-01

    Ticks are ubiquitous arthropods and vectors of several pathogenic agents in animals and humans. Monitoring questing ticks is of great importance to ascertain the occurrence of pathogens and the potential vector species, offering an insight into the risk of disease transmission in a given area. In this study 428 host-seeking ticks, belonging to nine species of Ixodidae and collected from 17 of the 23 Portuguese mainland subregions, were screened for several tick-borne agents with veterinary relevance: Anaplasma marginale, Anaplasma ovis, Anaplasma centrale, Babesia spp., Coxiella burnetii and Theileria spp. Prevalence was assessed by PCR and amplified amplicons sequenced for validation of results. Twenty ticks, in a total of 428, were found positive: one Ixodes ventalloi for Theileria annulata and four Dermacentor marginatus, one Haemaphysalis punctata, five Ixodes ricinus, five I. ventalloi, and four Rhipicephalus sanguineus sensu lato for A. marginale. According to the reviewed literature, this is the first report of A. marginale and T. annulata detection in I. ventalloi. Furthermore, the amplification of A. marginale DNA in several tick species suggests a broad range for this agent in Portugal that might include other uncommon species as R. sanguineus s.l. This work provides new data towards a better understanding of tick-pathogen associations and also contributes to the surveillance of tick-borne agents in geographic areas with limited information.

  5. Marine macrostomorpha (platyhelminthes, rhabditophora) from the algarve (southern portugal).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schockaert, Ernest R

    2014-10-13

    Ten species of Macrostomorpha were found in marine environments of the Algarve (Portugal). Six of them were found in the Ria Formosa, a vast intertidal euryhaline lagoon system that dominates the most Eastern coast of the Algarve: two unidentified species of Microstomum Schmidt, 1848, Macrostomum cf. rubrocinctum Ax, 1951 and two unidentified species of Macrostomum Schmidt, 1848, Paromalostomum dubium (de Beauchamps, 1927), Paromalostomum minutum Rieger, 1971 and Cylindromacrostomum faroensis n.sp.. Comparison of this species with C. mediterraneum (Ax, 1955) and the species from Venice, considered to be C. mediterraneum by Rieger (1977), leads to the conclusion that the individuals studied by Rieger are in fact representatives of a separate species, C. riegeri n.sp.. Acanthomacrostomum spiculiferum Papi & Swedmark, 1959 was found in the Atlantic, 10-15 m deep, near the western coast of the Algarve. Haplopharynx papii n. sp. occurs on the beach exposed to the Atlantic as well as in the Ria Formosa. All identified and previously known (marine) species found in the Algarve had been found before, either in the Atlantic or in the Mediterranean basin. 

  6. Dimensions of Causal Attributions of Tax Evasion in Portugal

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    José C. Tavares

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Un estudio realizado en España (Salgado, 1998 sugirió que las atribuciones de la evasión fiscal tienen dos dimensiones independientes: (a control de la evasión fiscal, y (b las creencias sobre el sistema fiscal. A fin de comprobar si la percepción de las causas de la evasión fiscal son generalizables transculturalmente, este artículo presenta una investigación realizada en Portugal utilizando las mismas atribuciones causales usadas en la investigación española. A una muestra de 497 hombres y mujeres portugueses, de diferentes puestos de trabajo, se les preguntó acerca de sus percepciones causales de la evasión fiscal. Se llevó a cabo un análisis factorial y los resultados mostraron una estructura factorial que reproduce la estructura factorial española. Los coeficientes de congruencia confirmaron la similitud de las dos estructuras. Estos resultados confirmaron que las dos dimensiones pueden explicar la estructura de la percepción de las causas de la evasión fiscal. Se discuten las implicaciones de los resultados y se sugieren investigaciones futuras.

  7. Seminar on Basic Documentation Practices (Les Pratiques de Base en Matiere de Documentation) Held in Ankara, Turkey on 3-4 September 1992, in Athens, Greece on 7-8 September 1982 in Lisbon, Portugal on 10-11 September 1992

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-08-01

    de Informagio *a bibllotecas e Documentagao - Comit6 de o sou Impacto na actividade Informagao para a Ind0stria des bibliotecas am Portugal: (FID/Il...FINDING alternating current. UFC Radio Ranging Systems Television Ranging Systems DESERT TESTS Tests conducted in deserts or desert-like which are to...34Range Finding" and sand, etc, on ordnance items, materials, " Television Equipment". personnel, etc. (5) The BT (Broader Term) notation indicates

  8. De las alteraciones de Beja (1593 a la revuelta lisboeta "dos ingleses" (1596. Lucha política en el último Portugal del primer Felipe

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    Fernando Jesús BOUZA ÁLVAREZ

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: De 1588 a 1598, el Portugal de los Austrias se vio seriamente amenazado por los partidarios del Prior do Crato que intentaban restaurar en el trono a D. Antonio. Tras el desembarco del Pretendiente en las costas portuguesas en 1589 en compañía de sir Francis Drake, el temor a una nueva intervención inglesa no dejó de crecer. A esta amenaza exterior se sumaba una segunda, la de alguna revuelta intentada por los antonianos en el interior del Reino. En 1593, dicha amenaza se hizo evidente con la aparición de pasquines llamando a levantarse contra Felipe II en las localidades de Beja, Moura y Mourão. El equilibrio de funciones e influencias definido en el Estatuto de Tomar de 1581 fue puesto a prueba bajo la presión de esa doble amenaza. El resultado de esa presión no fue otro que la ratificación de que una alianza de la Corona con las elites territoriales resultaba imprescindible para el gobierno del Portugal de los Felipes y ponía en manos de no naturales que fue tomada en 1596 ante la posibilidad de una nueva intentona inglesa marca la conversión definitiva de los fidalgos en los garantes de las libertades regnícolas y en los máximos beneficiarios de la agregación de Portugal a la Monarquía Hispánica.ABSTRACT: From 1588 to 1598, Portugal was seriously threatened by the supporters of the Prior do Crato, who attempted to restore D. António to the throne. After the landing of the Pretender on the Portuguese coast in 1589 in company of Sir Francis Drake, the fear of a new English intervention continued to grow. To this threat from abroad a second was added, that of an attempted revolt by the supporters of D. Antonio from within. In 1593 this threat became evident with the appearance oí pasquines calling for a rising against Philip II in Beja, Moura and Mourão. The balance of agreements and rights defined by the Estatuto de Tomar of 1581 was put to the test by this double threat. The result was the realization that it would

  9. Evidencia de las diferencias de expectativas en auditoria en mercados bursátiles de reducida dimensión: el caso Portugués Evidence on audit expectation gaps in small capital markets: the case of Portugal

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    Bruno José Machado de Almeida

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available El principal objetivo de esta investigación es analizar, en un pequeño mercado de capitales, como es el de Portugal, si existen diferencias de expectativas en auditoria y cuales son sus componentes principales. Para ese efecto se há cuestionado a auditores e profesores de contabilidad e auditoria en relación a diversos asuntos que influyen e incrementan las diferencias de expectativas en auditoria. Por otro lado, también se cuestiona a los usuarios de la información financiera en Portugal, intentando captar cuales son sus percepciones del papel de la auditoria contemporánea, y sus respuestas son comparadas con las opiniones de usuarios de los países anglosajones. Se concluye que las expectativas de los usuarios de la información en Portugal son semejantes a la de los países anglosajones. El fraude es el principal tópico en las diferencias de expectativas. Por otro lado, el modelo actual de informes de auditoria en Portugal no es suficiente claro para que los usuarios puedan percibir cual es el alcance y el trabajo desarrollado por el auditor en la obtención de sus conclusiones.The main goal of this paper is to analyze if, in a small capital market such as the Portuguese, the audit expectation gap exits and which are its major components. We have enquired auditors and University accounting and auditing professors regarding several subjects that influence and increase the audit expectation gap. We have also questioned the Portuguese users of financial information regarding their perception of the role of today's auditing, to assay their opinion with studies made in Anglo-Saxon countries. We have reached the conclusion that Portuguese financial statements users' expectations are similar to the ones of bigger capital markets. As a matter of fact, fraud is the main cause for the existence of the audit expectation gap, nevertheless, Portuguese financial statements users also indicate that the actual auditor's report model in Portugal is

  10. A comparative study on music teacher preparation in Portugal and Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Graça Mota

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The preparation of music teachers in Portugal and Brazil is the focus of this text, which aims at presenting preliminary aspects of a study in progress in the context of higher education in both countries. Inspired by comparative education methodology, the present study is investigating official documents and academic curricula offered in Portugal and Brazil for the music teachers’ preparation to promote, in different ways, the comparative reflection with an emphasis on school education. The music teachers’ education in both countries was analyzed taking into account the following elements: educational context in Portugal and Brazil; music preparation prior to higher education, and the entrance criteria in the courses that are offered for music teachers; curricular elements of the courses; teaching practice and professional perspectives. The preliminary results of this comparative analysis demonstrate similarities and differences in the two contexts: 1 in both countries, music teachers for regular schools receive their degrees in higher education institutions, and in Portugal, beyond the Licenciatura in Music, a Music Education Master degree is demanded; 2 in both countries specific entrance tests are accomplished in the universities, demanding previous musical knowledge; 3 the balance among the musical and pedagogical preparation is one of the curricular objectives; 4 the teaching practice is an emphasized component in the teachers’ preparation; 5 in Portugal, student’s motivation for the work in the regular school appears to be larger than in Brazil.

  11. Novos modelos de governo na universidade pública em Portugal e competitividade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margarida Mano

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Em setembro de 2007, o novo regime jurídico das Instituições de Ensino Superior (RJIES, Lei nº 62/2007, de 10 de setembro, introduziu um novo enquadramento de opções de modelos e estruturas de governação nas Instituições de Ensino Superior (IES em Portugal. O ambiente externo de mudança, comum no contexto europeu, onde as IES adaptam suas acções estratégicas aos desafios da "Declaração de Lisboa", está na ordem do dia. O quadro de opções sobre modelos de governo e de gestão, que são cada vez mais discutidos numa perspectiva de competitividade, permite vantagens e reduz desvantagens comparativas em face das instituições privadas. Se, no contexto europeu, a concepção e o desenho de modelos de governo estão geralmente a convergir, esbatendo as diferenças entre o modelo de gestão das instituições privadas e públicas, em que medida a implementação dos modelos provoca mudanças visíveis no imediato em nível institucional? Em Portugal, a maioria das IES públicas optou pelo modelo tradicional, tendo visto já seus estatutos homologados e publicados em Diário da República. Apenas três instituições optaram pelo modelo fundacional. A presente investigação institucional visa analisar, a partir da metodologia de Clark, as alterações introduzidas nas IES públicas ao nível operacional e de gestão, no sentido de uma universidade empreendedora. Para o efeito, o estudo baseia-se na análise das opções institucionais que as IES enfrentam, ou seja, na possibilidade de escolha entre o tradicional quadro jurídico (direito público e um novo quadro legal e organizacional (fundações públicas a operar sob o direito privado, a partir da análise dos estatutos entretanto já adotados. Pretende-se ainda integrar a perspectiva do olhar dos elementos externos que passaram recentemente, por via da lei, a integrar os órgãos máximos de governação das universidades públicas: os Conselhos Gerais. Neste artigo vamos

  12. O Relacionamento Pessoal entre Professores e Alunos nas Aulas Individuais de Instrumento/Canto em Portugal e a sua Influência no Percurso Musical do Aluno: Um Estudo de Caso

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    Sofia Cosme

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo tem como objetivo uma melhor compreensão da relação que se estabelece entre os professores de instrumento (ou canto e os seus alunos no contexto da aula individual em Portugal e descobrir se esta relação tende a afetar o percurso pedagógico-musical dos alunos, verificando qual a possível ligação entre ambos. Para tal realizou-se um questionário a professores e outro a alunos, que foram distribuídos em quatro conservatórios portugueses. Os resultados foram analisados com o programa de estatística SPSS 19. Na discussão verificou-se que em Portugal tanto a maioria dos professores como dos alunos tem a perceção de partilhar uma relação satisfatória, afirmando os professores que se sentem realizados na sua profissão e os alunos que se sentem motivados e com confiança nos seus professores. Ambos concordam com a permissa que esta relação é de extrema importância para a boa evolução do aluno como músico, tal como os livros e estudos consultados para a base teórica deste artigo nos indicam.

  13. Transmissão da tuberculose bovina entre espécies domésticas e silvestres em Portugal: primeiras evidências moleculares em isolados de Mycobacterium bovis de uma exploração do Alentejo

    OpenAIRE

    Duarte, Elsa Leclerc

    2010-01-01

    No âmbito de um estudo mais alargado para a caracterização molecular de estirpes de Mycobacterium bovis (M. bovis) e de Mycobacterium caprae (M. caprae) isoladas em Portugal, tipificaram-se dois isolados de M. bovis provenientes de um bovino e de um javali (Sus scrofa), que coabitavam na mesma exploração na região do Alentejo. Duas metodologias, reconhecidas pela sua reprodutibilidade e poder discriminatório, foram utilizadas na genotipagem: o "spoligotyping" e a análise de MIRU-VNTR, c...

  14. Critérios de diagnóstico de demência com corpos de Lewy (DCL) na prática clínica de rotina no norte/nordeste de Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Pereira, Estrela Janete Soares

    2011-01-01

    Dissertação de Mestrado em Psicologia Clínica O presente estudo teve como finalidade fornecer um quadro geral dos critérios de diagnóstico de demência, particularmente de possível DCL, mais comumente utilizados na prática clínica de rotina no norte/nordeste de Portugal. Para tal, utilizou-se um roteiro estruturado de entrevista, realizada com os profissionais da saúde, que, reconhecidamente, desempenham um papel no processo de avaliação de suspeitas de alguma forma de demência. Participara...

  15. Identidades em crise: imigrantes, emoções e saúde mental em Portugal Identities in crisis: migrants, emotions and mental health in Portugal

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    Chiara Pussetti

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo, baseado em 4 anos de pesquisa de terreno num serviço de saúde mental específico para imigrantes em Portugal, discute criticamente o carácter da experiência migratória enquanto factor de risco e patologia psíquica. As condições particularmente duras da migração contemporânea são consideradas como propícias a um aumento exponencial de psicopatologias. A ideia de que a emigração esteja indissoluvelmente ligada a formas específicas de sofrimento psicológico acabou para promover uma progressiva medicalização da experiência migratória. Esta leitura patologizante da experiência migratória funda as suas conclusões sobre o modelo de "selecção negativa", isto é: seriam os sujeitos fracos, pouco integrados na sociedade de origem, com escassas ligações afectivas e estrutura familiar instável a optar pela emigração, levando a que os seus distúrbios latentes se manifestassem particularmente no país de acolhimento. A representação da vulnerabilidade psicológica como característica intrínseca dos migrantes não toma todavia em conta a relação mais ampla entre sofrimento individual e experiência de exclusão, marginalização social, discriminação e precariedade das condições habitacionais e laborais, entre outros factores. O estereótipo do imigrante como pessoa frágil do ponto de vista mental, com um elevado risco de desenvolvimento de patologias psiquiátricas, permite transformar os problemas sociais, económicos e políticos de grupos desfavorecidos em elementos potencialmente patológicos que podem ser controlados e monitorizados farmacologicamente.Based upon four years of fieldwork in a Portuguese mental health service for migrants, this paper critically discusses the nature of migratory experience as a risk factor and mental pathology. Several authors recently suggested that the very harsh conditions of contemporary migration are connected with an exponential increase in psychopathology. The

  16. Manual de desenho bioclimático urbano. Manual de orientações para a elaboração de normas urbanísticas

    OpenAIRE

    Hernández Aja, Agustín; Fariña Tojo, José; Gálvez Huerta, Miguel Ángel; Fernández Áñez, Victoria; Gonçalves, Artur; Ribeiro, A. C.; Feliciano, Manuel

    2013-01-01

    O presente documento é o resultado de uma colaboração técnica em matéria de análise e desenho bioclimático dos espaços libres, realizada para o Instituto Politécnico de Bragança, dentro do Projeto BIOURB, no contexto do Programa de Cooperação Transfronteiriço Espanha – Portugal, desenvolvido como o apoio do Fundo Europeu de Desenvolvimento Regional (FEDER) e do Programa de Cooperação Portugal – Espanha (POCTEP). O trabalho foi desenvolvido entre 2012 e 2013 por investigadores do grupo GIAU+S ...

  17. The Eclipse, the Astronomer and His Audience: Frederico Oom and the Total Solar Eclipse of 28 May 1900 in Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carolino, Luis Miguel; Simoes, Ana

    2012-01-01

    This study offers a detailed analysis of an episode of the popularization of astronomy which took place in Portugal, a peripheral country of Europe, and occurring in the early twentieth century. The episode was driven by the 28 May 1900 total solar eclipse which was seen on the Iberian Peninsula (Portugal and Spain). Instead of focusing on one of…

  18. Da antropologia à antropologia aplicada ou a afirmação da antropologia no Norte de Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    A antropologia aplicada diferenciou a antropologia no Norte de Portugal desde os anos 1990. No artigo realizamos uma análise desse processo de diferenciação e afirmação na oferta educativa do ensino superior do Norte de Portugal.

  19. Social housing in Portugal and in the municipality of São Paulo: Comparison of space standards

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Costa Branco De Oliveira Pedro, J.A.; Boueri, J.J.

    2010-01-01

    This paper compares the space standards for social housing in Portugal and in São Paulo, and seeks explanations for differences in the socio-economic context of both territories. The Controlled Cost Housing (CCH) in Portugal and the housing built within the program My Home My Life (MHML) in São Paul

  20. Genetic characterization of Toxoplasma gondii isolates from Portugal, Austria, and Israel reveals higher genetic variability within the type II lineage

    Science.gov (United States)

    This study compared genetic diversity of Toxoplasma gondii isolates from Portugal, Austria and Israel. For this, we genotyped 90 T. gondii isolates (16 from Portugal, 67 from Austria and 7 from Israel) using 10 nested PCR-restriction length polymorphism (RFLP) genetic markers and 15 microsatellite (...

  1. Predictors of loneliness among students and nuns in Angola and Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neto, Félix; Barros, José

    2003-07-01

    The authors conducted 2 studies to examine the relationship between loneliness and psychosocial variables among people from Angola and Portugal. In the 1st study, the participants were 129 college students from Angola and 122 from Portugal, and in the 2nd study participants were 105 nuns from Angola and 74 from Portugal. The following instruments were administered to all participants in both studies: the Revised UCLA Loneliness Scale (D. Russell, L. Peplau, & C. Cutrona, 1980), the Neuroticism Scale (J. Barros, 1999), the Optimism Scale (J. Barros, 1998), and the Satisfaction With Life Scale (E. Diener, R. Emmons, R. Larsen, & S. Griffin, 1985). Ethnic differences were found in loneliness. The Angolan participants recorded higher scores for loneliness than did the Portuguese participants. For both samples the most prominent predictors of loneliness were neuroticism and dissatisfaction with life.

  2. Status and conservation of the red squirrel (Sciurus vulgaris in Portugal

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    Maria da Luz Mathias

    1998-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The historical and recent status and distribution of the red squirrel (Sciurus vulgaris in Portugal are analysed using published data, preserved material and unpublished information. In the past the red squirrel occupied the whole of Portugal, but died out towards the end of the 16th century. Now, however, red squirrels have moved back in from Spain and recolonised forests in the north of the country. An important factor limiting the distribution of squirrels in the past was the availability of suitable habitat which provide shelter and food, such as conifer woods. Hunting pressure may also have affected numbers. In Portugal the conservation status of S. vulgaris is Rare.

  3. The impact of winter cold weather on acute myocardial infarctions in Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vasconcelos, João; Freire, Elisabete; Almendra, Ricardo; Silva, Giovani L; Santana, Paula

    2013-12-01

    Mortality due to cardiovascular diseases shows a seasonal trend that can be associated with cold weather. Portugal is the European country with the highest excess winter mortality, but nevertheless, the relationship between cold weather and health is yet to be assessed. The main aim of this study is to identify the contribution of cold weather to cardiovascular diseases within Portugal. Poisson regression analysis based on generalized additive models was applied to estimate the influence of a human-biometeorological index (PET) on daily hospitalizations for myocardial infarction. The main results revealed a negative effect of cold weather on acute myocardial infarctions in Portugal. For every degree fall in PET during winter, there was an increase of up to 2.2% (95% CI = 0.9%; 3.3%) in daily hospital admissions. This paper shows the need for public policies that will help minimize or, indeed, prevent exposure to cold.

  4. The teaching about the care of the elderly in nursing training: the situation in Portugal

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    Silvana Sidney Costa Santos

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to look at the teaching situation of the nursing undergraduate degree’s courses about eldercare in Portugal. A documentary research on the teaching programs in 39 nursing schools, 26 schools presented syllabus units related to the topic ‘eldercare’ and in eight of these schools the contents of the units were identified. Using textual analysis and from the categories we concluded that the teaching regarding eldercare for the nurse training in Portugal is focused on hospital care; it is directed to the adult/elderly/family; it explores the definitions related to the aging process; it explores community issues, legislation and research. People responsible for the design/monitoring of teaching programs should include teaching regarding eldercare in the nurse training, considering that the elder population is increasing in Portugal.

  5. Does Trade Help to Explain Tourism Demand? The Case of Portugal

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    Nuno Carlos LEITÃO

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available The tourism industry has expanded in recent years due to internal and external environmental forces. These forces, income, trade, consumer price, and geographical distance are interconnected. Accounting for imperfect competition and increasing returns to scale, the new trade theory offers the explanation of dynamic gains from international trade. A large number of studies attempt to test the hypothesis that there is a link between trade and tourism. Most of the studies show that trade and tourism are positively correlated. This paper specifies static and dynamic panel demand models for tourism in Portugal and estimates demand equations using tourist inflow data for the period 1995-2006. We find that bilateral trade, immigration, border, and geographical distance between Portugal and countries of origin are the main determinants of tourism to Portugal. The dynamic panel data approach indicates that trade, population, and income are more important determinants than relative price.

  6. Brasileiros em Portugal: transmissões, recepções e transformações alimentares

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    Isabel M. R. Mendes Drumond Braga

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Foi a partir de 1993 que o saldo migratório em Portugal passou a revelar-se positivo e em crescimento. Em 1997, viviam em Portugal 175.263 pessoas com autorização de residência, a que se juntavam imigrantes ilegais em número desconhecido, calculando-se em pouco mais de 2% a percentagem de imigrantes no cômputo total da população residente no país. 11,4% dos imigrantes eram oriundos do Brasil. Dados mais recentes e ainda provisórios, fornecidos pelo Serviço de Estrangeiros e Fronteiras, relativos a 2007, dão conta de 435.736 imigrantes legais. Os brasileiros, num total de 66.354, representam 15,2% desse total. Sabendo-se que a presença de uma comunidade estrangeira numericamente significativa dá origem quer à abertura de pequenas lojas de produtos antes inexistentes no país de acolhimento quer ao comércio paralelo, procurei sondar que novidades alimentares brasileiras ocorreram em Portugal nos últimos anos, através de um questionário a realizar a um mínimo de 200 brasileiros. Pretendeu saber-se sexo, idade, estado de onde são oriundos, atividade a que se dedicam, prato brasileiro preferido, quais os alimentos que consumiam no Brasil e não conseguem encontrar em Portugal, quais os alimentos brasileiros que consomem em Portugal e, finalmente, onde conseguem obtê-los. A análise dos dados obtidos no questionário, bem como as informações disponíveis acerca dos chamados restaurantes étnicos, permitem estudar os hábitos alimentares da comunidade brasileira em Portugal, nomeadamente as transmissões, recepções e transformações alimentares que estão em curso e que têm repercussões entre portugueses e brasileiros, uma vez que as transferências culturais resultam das inter-relações entre conjuntos culturais postos em contacto.From 1993 onwards the net migratory balance in Portugal has become positive and on the rise. In 1997 there were 175.263 people living in Portugal with a residence permit as well as illegal

  7. Information Management in Portugal: education and employment conditions and some prospects

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    Maria Cristina Vieira de Freitas

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The Professors Cristina Freitas and Maria da Graça Simões answer questions prepared by teachers from the Faculdade de Informação e Comunicação (Gestão da Informação Undergraduate Degree da Universidade Federal de Goiás - UFG. The questions are related to the educational structure dedicated to the issues of information management in Portugal, the influence of the "Big Data" phenomenon on education and training in the area - including discussions on data governance, the fundation areas of Information Management and the main approaches to information research in the Country. Besides, they discuss the employment conditions (threats and opportunities for professionals in Information Management in Portugal and in Europe [Available Language: Portuguese/Portugal].

  8. The subterranean fauna of a biodiversity hotspot region - Portugal: an overview and its conservation

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    Reboleira Ana Sofia P.S.

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available An overview of the obligate hypogean fauna in Portugal (including Azores and Madeira archipelagos is provided, with a list of obligated cave-dwelling species and subspecies, and a general perspective about its conservation. All the available literature on subterranean Biology of Portugal since the first written record in 1870 until today has been revised. A total of 43 troglobiont and 67 stygobiont species and subspecies from 12 orders have been described so far in these areas, included in the so-called Mediterranean hotspot of biodiversity. The subterranean fauna in Portugal has been considered moderately poor with some endemic relicts and it remains to be demonstrated if this fact is still true after investing in standard surveys in cave environments. The major problems related to the conservation of cave fauna are discussed, but it is clear that the protection of this specialized fauna implies an adequate management of surface habitats.

  9. A temática do envelhecimento na investigação sociológica em Portugal: que produção?

    OpenAIRE

    Gomes, Cláudia Teixeira

    2014-01-01

    A presente pesquisa procura contribuir para o mapeamento de um campo da publicação científica num domínio ainda não consolidado na investigação sociológica em Portugal: o envelhecimento da população e os impactos sociais associados. Trata-se de um tema que tem vindo a assumir uma crescente relevância e particular interesse como matéria transversal a várias áreas disciplinares, e um fenómeno cujos impactos da sua aceleração crescente se manifestam a uma escala global. A inves...

  10. Infeção VIH/SIDA: a situação em Portugal a 31 de dezembro de 2015

    OpenAIRE

    Unidade de Referência e Vigilância Epidemiológica. Departamento de Doenças Infeciosas

    2016-01-01

    A análise dos casos registados na base de dados nacional da vigilância epidemiológica da infeção por VIH e SIDA e notificados até 30 de junho de 2016, revela que durante o ano 2015 foram diagnosticados em Portugal 990 novos casos de infeção por VIH, correspondendo a uma taxa de 9,6 novos casos por 105 habitantes, não ajustada para o atraso da notificação. A maioria dos diagnósticos (99,9%) ocorreu em indivíduos com 15 ou mais anos de idade e foram diagnosticados 2,7 casos em homen...

  11. A saúde no Brasil e em Portugal na atualidade: o desafio de concretizar direitos Health in Brazil and in Portugal in the present: the challenge of achieving rights

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    Maria Inês Souza Bravo

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available O artigo procura analisar a política de saúde no Brasil e em Portugal desde a garantia da universalidade, no processo de redemocratização dos dois países, até os dias atuais. Ressalta as modificações ocorridas após os anos 1990 nos dois países, com destaque para a gestão dos serviços de saúde com a criação de "novos" modelos gerenciais. Aborda-se também, de forma sucinta, a temática do aborto como questão de saúde pública, pois é um tema em debate na atualidade em ambos os países, embora não seja objeto deste texto.The article analyses both the Brazilian and the Portuguese health policy from the guarantee of universality in the two-country process of democratization to the current days. The changes in the two countries after the nineties will be highlighted, with emphasis on the management of health services with the creation of "new" management models. The article also discusses the problem of abortion as a public health issue briefly because it is a topic on debate in both countries nowadays, although that is not the subject of this article.

  12. Eucisia schist a natural stone from Northern Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aires, Silvia; Carvalho, Cristina; Noronha, Fernando

    2013-04-01

    : CS 53 Mpa, FS 16.3 MPa, AD 25220 kg/m3 , OP 9.3%, WA 1,2 % AR 26.0mm and RTS resistant. For settling the recommended applications, European standards for natural stone products were considered. Considering the technical specifications that exist in some European countries, "Eucisia schist" can be applied on rustic masonary units, on colums, on paving (low traffic, mainly indoors) and on cladding (mainly indoors). This work was performed under the project PTDC/CTE-GIN/70704/2006, "SCHISTRESOURCE funded by FCT (Portuguese Science and Technology Foundation). SFRH/BD/86641/2012 a FCT grant financially supports Silvia Aires. [1] A.Ribeiro, E. Pereira and R. Dias, in Pre-Mesozoic Geology of Iberia edited by R.D. Dallmeyer and E. Martinez-Garcia, Berlin Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag. (1990). [2] E. Pereira, in: E. Pereira, coord. Carta Geológica de Portugal. Notícia Explicativa da Folha 2. (2006) [3] E. Pereira, A. Ribeiro, in: E. Pereira, coord. Carta Geológica de Portugal. Notícia Explicativa da Folha 2. (2006).

  13. Sea urchins, their predators and prey in SW Portugal

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    Nuno Mamede

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Sea urchins play a key role structuring benthic communities of rocky shores through an intense herbivory. The most abundant sea urchin species on shallow rocky subtidal habitats of the SW coast of Portugal is Paracentrotus lividus (Echinodermata: Echinoidea. It is considered a key species in various locations throughout its geographical distribution by affecting the structure of macroalgae communities and may cause the abrupt transformation of habitats dominated by foliose algae to habitats dominated by encrusting algae - the urchin barrens. The removal of P. lividus predators by recreational and commercial fishing is considered a major cause of this phenomenon by affecting the trophic relationships between predators, sea urchins and algae communities. Marine protected areas (MPAs usually lead to the recovery of important predator species that control sea urchin populations and restore habitats dominated by foliose macroalgae. Therefore, MPAs provide a good opportunity to test cascading effects and indirect impacts of fishing at the ecosystem level. The ecological role of P. lividus was studied on rocky subtidal habitats of the SW coast of Portugal (Alentejo considering three trophic levels: population of P. lividus, their predators (fish and shellfish and their prey (macroalgae communities. Several studies were conducted: (1 a non-destructive observational study on the abundance and distribution patterns of P. lividus, their predators and preys, comparing areas with different protection; (2 a manipulative in situ study with cages to assess the role of P. lividus as an herbivore and the influence of predation; (3 a descriptive study of P. lividus predators based on underwater filming; (4 and a study of human perception on these trophic relationships and other issues on sea urchin ecology and fishery, based on surveys made to fishermen and divers. Subtidal studies were performed with SCUBA diving at 3-12 m deep. Results indicate that in the

  14. Do Liber regum em Portugal antes de 1340

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    José Carlos Ribeiro MIRANDA

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available A presença do Liber regum em Portugal é normalmente associada ao Livro de Linhagens ou à Crónica de 1344, as mais conhecidas obras de D. Pedro, Conde de Barcelos, onde diferentes redacções dessa obra genealógica navarra são extensamente transcritas. Todavia, são conhecidas desde os pioneiros estudos de Luís Filipe de Lindley Cintra e de Diego Catalán outras realizações historiográficas, embora de pequena dimensão, que também fizeram uso do Liber regum, por vezes numa época que é forçoso considerar muito recuada. O Livro Velho de Linhagens, a Primeira Crónica Portuguesa, uma pequena crónica castelhana perdida e a mais antiga tradução de uma crónica castelhana pós-alfonsina são os textos onde o presente estudo se detém, tentando mostrar que são provenientes tanto da corte régia portuguesa como de grupos da aristocracia em busca de uma representação autónoma do passado histórico, num período que precede a actividade historiográfica de D. Pedro, Conde de Barcelos.La présence du Liber regum au Portugal est d'ordinaire réduite au Livro de Linhagens et à la Crónica de 1344, les œuvres les plus connues de D. Pedro, comte de Barcelos, où différentes rédactions de ce livre généalogique navarrais sont transcrites de façon détaillée. Pourtant, depuis les études pionnières de Luís Filipe de Lindley Cintra et de Diego Catalán, on connaît d'autres textes historiographiques, quoique de moindre dimension, ayant également utilisé le Liber regum, parfois à une époque que l'on doit considérer fort reculée. Le Livro Velho de Linhagens, la Primeira Crónica Portuguesa, une petite chronique castillane perdue et la plus ancienne traduction d'une chronique castillane post-alphonsine, sont les textes sur lesquels le présent essai se centrera, afin d’essayer de montrer qu'ils proviennent soit de la cour royale portugaise, soit de groupes aristocratiques en quête d'une représentation autonome du pass

  15. Contribution of spoligotyping to the characterization of the population structure of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates in Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    David, Suzana; Ribeiro, Diana Raposo; Antunes, Abílio; Portugal, Clara; Sancho, Luísa; de Sousa, José Germano

    2007-09-01

    Tuberculosis is a major health problem in Portugal. To begin characterizing the population structure of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, spoligotyping was used for the systematic typing, through consecutive sampling, of patient isolates from the Amadora-Sintra area of Greater Lisbon. Distribution amongst major spoligotype families, including the Latin American Mediterranean (LAM), T, Haarlem and Beijing, was compared to that of the international spoligotype database SpolDB4 and to the European countries of traditional Portuguese immigration represented in SpolDB4. Spoligotypes from 665 isolates were analyzed and 97 shared international types (SITs) identified. In SpolDB4 Portugal is represented by part of the spoligotypes from this study explaining the reduced number of unidentified patterns. The importance of the LAM family, and especially of LAM1 and LAM9 sub-families that alone represented 38% of all the isolates in this study as compared to 8% relative to the European sub group, led us to believe that at least in this respect the population structure was closer to that of Africa and South America than to Europe. Spoligotypes characteristic of Portugal or Portuguese related settings were identified. These included SIT244 a T1 sub-family predominant in Portugal and Bangladesh, SIT64 a LAM 6 sub-family common to Portugal and Brazil, and SIT1106 a LAM 9 sub-family. These studies were the first in Portugal stressing the importance of monitoring the population structure of M. tuberculosis isolates, an important step towards gaining an understanding of tuberculosis and the dynamics of this disease.

  16. Late Pleistocene raised beaches of coastal Estremadura, central Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benedetti, Michael M.; Haws, Jonathan A.; Funk, Caroline L.; Daniels, J. Michael; Hesp, Patrick A.; Bicho, Nuno F.; Minckley, Thomas A.; Ellwood, Brooks B.; Forman, Steven L.

    2009-12-01

    We present new stratigraphic, sedimentological, and chronological data for a suite of tectonically raised beaches dating to Marine Isotope Stages 5, 4, and 3 along the Estremadura coast of west-central Portugal. The beach deposits are found in association with ancient tidal channels and coastal dunes, pollen bearing mud and peat, and Middle Paleolithic archaeological sites that confirm occupation of the coastal zone by Neanderthal populations. The significance of these deposits is discussed in terms of the archaeological record, the tectonic and geomorphic evolution of the coast, and correlation with reconstructions of global climate and eustatic sea-level change. Direct correlation between the Estremadura beach sections is complicated by the tectonic complexity of the area and the age of the beach deposits (which are near or beyond the limit of radiocarbon dating). Evidence from multiple sites dated by AMS radiocarbon and optical luminescence methods suggests broad synchroneity in relative sea-level changes along this coast during Marine Isotope Stage 3. Two beach complexes with luminescence and radiocarbon age control date to about 35 ka and 42 ka, recording a rise in relative sea level around the time of Heinrich Event 4 at 39 ka. Depending on assumptions about eustatic sea level at the time they were deposited, we estimate that these beaches have been uplifted at rates of 0.4-4.3 mm yr -1 by the combined effects of tectonic, halokinetic, and isostatic processes. Uplift rates of 1-2 mm yr -1 are likely if the beaches represent sea level stands at roughly 40 m below modern, as suggested by recent eustatic sea level reconstructions. Evidence from coastal bluffs and the interior of the study area indicates extensive colluvial, fluvial, and aeolian sedimentation beginning around 31 ka and continuing into the Holocene. These geomorphic adjustments are related to concomitant changes in climate and sea level, providing context that improves our understanding of Late

  17. Molecular subtyping of Treponema pallidum subsp. pallidum in Lisbon, Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castro, R; Prieto, E; Aguas, M J; Manata, M J; Botas, J; Pereira, F Martins

    2009-08-01

    The objectives of this study were to evaluate the reproducibility of a molecular method for the subtyping of Treponema pallidum subsp. pallidum and to discriminate strains of this microorganism from strains from patients with syphilis. We studied 212 specimens from a total of 82 patients with different stages of syphilis (14 primary, 7 secondary and 61 latent syphilis). The specimens were distributed as follows: genital ulcers (n = 9), skin and mucosal lesions (n = 7), blood (n = 82), plasma (n = 82), and ear lobe scrapings (n = 32). The samples were assayed by a PCR technique to amplify a segment of the polymerase gene I (polA). Positive samples were typed on the basis of the analysis of two variable genes, tpr and arp. Sixty-two of the 90 samples positive for polA yielded typeable Treponema pallidum DNA. All skin lesions in which T. pallidum was identified (six of six [100%]) were found to contain enough DNA for typing of the organism. It was also possible to type DNA from 7/9 (77.7%) genital ulcer samples, 13/22 (59.1%) blood samples, 20/32 (62.5%) plasma samples, and 16/21 (76.2%) ear lobe scrapings. The same subtype was identified in all samples from the same patient. Five molecular subtypes (subtypes 10a, 14a, 14c, 14f, and 14g) were identified, with the most frequently found subtype being subtype 14a and the least frequently found subtype being subtype 10a. In conclusion, the subtyping technique used in this study seems to have good reproducibility. To our knowledge, subtype 10a was identified for the first time. Further studies are needed to explain the presence of this subtype in Portugal, namely, its relationship to the Treponema pallidum strains circulating in the African countries where Portuguese is spoken.

  18. Rehabilitation of adobe buildings. Understanding different materials from Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costa, Cristiana; Rocha, Fernando; Velosa, Ana

    2016-04-01

    Earth construction is the oldest building material known, with documented cases of the use of earth bricks since Mesopotamia around 10 000 BC (Heathcote, 1995). The earth construction exists throughout the majority of the world in different cultures, and for some countries, nowadays it continues to be the main process of construction (Vega et al, 2011). Around 30% of the world's population lives in buildings made of earth materials. Earthen construction is an environmentally friendly technique with a social and cultural contribution; this advantage is increased when this type of construction is applied in developing countries where the material costs counterbalance with labour costs, and where other materials and techniques cannot be available (Ciancio et al, 2013). Studies of materials characterization are required in order to understand the composition and specific properties of the earth buildings, their heterogeneity and their degradation mechanisms. Some adobes from different buildings, ages and regions of Portugal were collected in order to characterize them (mineralogically, chemically and physically). It was possible to understand the composition of these materials and their differences. Main minerals are quartz, feldspars, calcite and phyllosilicates (mica and kaolinite). The mechanical behaviour of these materials isn't the best, but it is possible to improve it with some simple and cheap natural additives (kaolinitic soils). The characterization of these materials allows us to understand the differences between the materials from the different regions (controlled by locally available raw materials). Understanding these materials, and their properties, it is possible to formulate new ones for repair, conservation and rehabilitation works. The adobe bricks are an alternative of kiln baked bricks which has several advantages and one of the most important is that these materials are recyclable. Adobes are an excellent option for building rehabilitation, if

  19. Un puente entre España y Portugal: Carmen de Burgos y su amistad con Ana de Castro Osório

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    Núñez Rey, Concepción

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Spain and Portugal experienced a time of intense cultural exchange from 1915 onwards through two major female figures in the two countries who were bound by strong intellectual and personal links. Ana de Castro was a writer prominent in politics, journalism and Portuguese literature from the late 19th century, and Carmen de Burgos was the first professional Spanish woman journalist and one of the most important writers of the first third of the 20th century. They shared the ideals of equality for women and social justice for all, in conjunction with their incessant work in the press and in literary creation: Ana de Castro, more as a political figure, Carmen de Burgos, more as writer. We remember here the intense activity that they shared and the wide echo that it found in the press of both countries.España y Portugal vivieron un tiempo de intenso intercambio cultural a partir de 1915 a través de dos grandes figuras femeninas de ambos países, unidas por fuertes vínculos intelectuales y personales. Ana de Castro fue una escritora muy destacada en la política, en el periodismo y en la literatura lusas desde finales del siglo XIX, y Carmen de Burgos fue la primera periodista profesional española y una de las escritoras más importantes del primer tercio del siglo XX. Ambas compartieron grandes ideales de igualdad para la mujer y de justicia social para todos, unidos a una incesante labor periodística y literaria: Ana de Castro, más como política, Carmen de Burgos, más como escritora. Recordamos aquí la intensa actividad compartida y el amplio eco que encontró en la prensa de los dos países.

  20. Tendências recentes de abordagem à contabilidade pública em Portugal

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    Maria da Conceição da Costa Marques

    2003-04-01

    Full Text Available Face à especial atenção que tem vindo a ser dada à contabilidade pública não só em Portugal como na maioria dos países desenvolvidos do mundo, revelase de particular interesse um estudo evolutivo/cronológico da contabilidade pública em Portugal. Com efeito, esta contabilidade, submetida durante anos a um anonimato sem sentido, viu, sobretudo com a adesão de Portugal à Comunidade Europeia em 1986 e, mais tarde, à União Económica e Monetária, um interesse especial não só do Governo e entidades envolvidas, como do público em geral. E tanto assim é, que sobretudo desde 1990 que se assiste à aprovação de um conjunto de diplomas reguladores das matérias inerentes à contabilidade pública, inseridos num processo de reformas que ainda não terminou. É com este pano de fundo que pretendemos elaborar este trabalho, o qual esperamos elucide o leitor sobre os progressos da contabilidade pública em Portugal, que, de uma contabilidade meramente legal, passa a uma contabilidade baseada em critérios emergentes de economia, eficiência e eficácia.In view of the special attention that has been given to public accounting in recent times, not only in Portugal but in most developed countries, an evolutionary/ chronological study of public accounting in Portugal shows to be of particular interest. This accounting, which had been submitted to meaningless anonymity for years, actually became the subject of special interest not only by the government and other entities involved, but also by the public in general, mainly when Portugal adhered to the European Community in 1986 and, later on, to the Economic and Monetary Union. To the extent that, particularly from 1990 onwards, a set of laws has been approved which regulate issues inherent to public accounting.These are inserted in a reform process that has not finished yet. Against this background, we hope that this study will enlighten the reader about the progress in public Accounting in

  1. Surveillance of imported hospital requiring malaria in Portugal: can it be improved?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fonseca, Ana Glória; Simões Dias, Sara; Baptista, João Luís; Torgal, Jorge

    2016-06-01

    Although eradicated in Portugal, malaria keeps taking its toll on travellers and migrants from endemic countries. Completeness of hospital requiring malaria notification in Portugal 2000-11 was estimated, using two-source capture-recapture method. Data sources were: national surveillance database of notifiable diseases and the national database of the Diagnosis-Related Groups resulting from National Health Service (NHS) hospital episodes. The completeness of notification was 21,2% for all malaria cases and 26,5% for malaria deaths, indicating significant underreporting and urging for complementary data source in surveillance, for disease burden estimates and retrospective monitoring, namely hospital episodes statistics.

  2. Aerobiologia do pólen de Olea europaea L. em Portugal Continental

    OpenAIRE

    Caeiro, E.; R.; Ferro; Brandao, R. M.; Trindade, Costa; Lopes, M.L.; Gaspar, A.; Nunes, C.; Todo-Bom, A.; Oliveira, J.F.; Mario Morais-Almeida

    2012-01-01

    Introdução: O pólen de oliveira (Olea europaea L.) constitui uma das fontes de aeroalergenos mais importantes na Europa Mediterrânica e em Portugal. Objectivos: Analisar a aerobiologia do pólen de Olea em Portugal Continental. Métodos: No estudo utilizaram-se os dados horários e diários das monitorizações de pólen de Olea efetuadas entre 2002 e 2012 de cinco estações de monitorização continentais da Rede Portuguesa de Aerobiologia - RPA: Porto, Coimbra, Lisboa, Évora e Portimão. Resu...

  3. Construction and modification of the autonomy of school mathematical knowledge in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Manuel Matos

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available During the second half of the nineteenth century and early twentieth century the discipline of secondary mathematics was gradually built in Portugal and certified teachers, textbooks, programs, special teaching techniques emerge. This consolidation process ends with the emergency of school subjects that develop some kind of autonomy as Chervel puts it. This article discusses how the school discipline of mathematics in secondary education in Portugal was set. This process is inseparable from teacher training and so we will observe professional legitimation processes paying special attention to ways in which autonomy has been building and modifying over time.

  4. O estudo de caso na investigação em Tecnologia Educativa em Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clara Coutinho Pereira

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Case studies have gained popularity among Educational Technology researchers in Portugal, as we could verify in a broad survey of Portuguese scholarly publications in the educational field. Although it is recognised as a methodological framework with enormous possibilities for research in ET, producing precious insights in technological learning environments, it can led, if deficiently conducted, to irrelevant and sterile conclusions. In this article we will caracterize case study methodology, discuss its power as well as its limits, analyse some cases concerning ET research in Portugal, and point out for criteria of quality tin order to maximize its value and credibility.

  5. « La cultura secular y las artes suntuarias en Portugal (siglos XII-XIV)

    OpenAIRE

    Afonso, Luís U.

    2010-01-01

    En Portugal, escasean las artes suntuarias de la Edad Media y la inmensa mayoría de objetos de arte medieval que han llegado hasta nuestros días se asocian con la esfera religiosa. Sin embargo, hay evidencias que permiten matizar esta realidad y que prueban la difusión de las artes suntuarias y el enraizamiento de la cultura secular en Portugal entre 1100 y 1400. Este estudio comienza con un análisis de un pequeño número de objetos de lujo que representaban héroes tan diversos com...

  6. La serigrafía artística en Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Mink, Joana Félix

    2015-01-01

    Esta tesis presenta una investigación sobre la serigrafía artística centrada en sus idiosincrasias en el contexto de las artes plásticas en Portugal, a partir de las primeras aportaciones en los años 50 hasta su amplia difusión en los años 70, concretamente entre 1952 y 1974. Su objetivo principal es conocer y dar a conocer las serigrafías, los agentes y los acontecimientos que influyeron y determinaron la actividad artística en Portugal alrededor de la serigrafía durante este período. Bajo e...

  7. España y Portugal ante la Segunda Guerra Mundial desde 1939 a 1942

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    María Soledad Gómez de las Heras

    1994-01-01

    Full Text Available Igual que con otros países europeos la España Nacional gestó su amistad con Portugal durante la guerra civil. Si Italia y Alemania eran grandes potencias llamadas a tener un papel estelar en la contienda que se avecinaba, Portugal, por su unidad ideológica con el país vecino, su posición estratégica, y su papel de interlocutor, será también protagonista y estará siempre presente, junto con España, en las relaciones internacionales durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial.

  8. The Importance of Housing in Portugal in the Age of Austerity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alves, Sonia; Veludo, Ricardo

    2014-01-01

    Housing is one of the pillars of the welfare state. It is, however, one of the least developed and most market-determined domains of social provision. In Portugal, as in other southern European countries, housing occupies a contingent position with complex social, historical, and nationally......-specific political factors bearing upon it. By using statistical data and a literature review, this paper will provide an overview of the key factors shaping the housing system in Portugal in recent decades. We demonstrate the critical importance of housing in the Portuguese economy and society in regard to its...

  9. A new cave-dwelling millipede of the genus Scutogona from central Portugal (Diplopoda, Chordeumatida, Chamaesomatidae)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Enghoff, Henrik; P. S. Reboleira, Ana Sofia

    2013-01-01

    A new cave-dwelling species of the genus Scutogona Ribuat, 1913, S. minor n. sp., is described from caves of Sicó karst in central Portugal. The classification and delimitation of Scutogona vis-à-vis related genera, in particular Meinerteuma Mauriès, 1982, is discussed.......A new cave-dwelling species of the genus Scutogona Ribuat, 1913, S. minor n. sp., is described from caves of Sicó karst in central Portugal. The classification and delimitation of Scutogona vis-à-vis related genera, in particular Meinerteuma Mauriès, 1982, is discussed....

  10. Os Direitos da Criança em Portugal e Cabo Verde

    OpenAIRE

    Fonseca, Graça

    2004-01-01

    Analisam-se os direitos das crianças e de jovens que praticam crimes em Portugal e Cabo Verde, à luz da Convenção das Nações Unidas sobre os Direitos da Criança, ao longo da década de 90. O tradicional “modelo proteccionista” foi dando lugar, em virtude do aparente crescimento da delinquência juvenil, ao “modelo de justiça”, onde se conjugam a defesa da sociedade e o reconhecimento dos direitos processuais dos menores. Portugal adoptou o segundo modelo, enquanto em Cabo Verde permanece o segu...

  11. On hypogean Roncocreagris (Arachnida: Pseudoscorpiones: Neobisiidae) from Portugal, with descriptions of three new species.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reboleira, Ana Sofia P S; Zaragoza, Juan A; Gonçalves, Fernando; Oromi, Pedro

    2013-01-01

    Three new hypogean species of the Iberian genus Roncocreagris Mahnert, 1974 are described from mainland Portugal: R. borgesi sp. nov. and R. gepesi sp. nov. from caves in the Sicó massif, and R. occidentalis sp. nov. from caves in the Montejunto and Cesaredas karst plateau. This brings to nine the number of known hypogean species of the mostly Iberian genus Roncocreagris: five from Portugal and four from Spain. Ecological comments and new localities for some of the previously known species are also included.

  12. Parasites of marine, freshwater and farmed fishes of Portugal: a review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge da Costa Eiras

    Full Text Available Abstract An extensive literature review is made of the parasites in marine and freshwater fish in mainland Portugal, the Portuguese archipelagos of the Azores and Madeira, as well as in farmed fish. The host(s of each parasite species, its location in the host, site of capture of the host, whenever possible, and all the available bibliographic references are described. The economic importance of some parasites and the zoonotic relevance of some parasitic forms are discussed. A general overview of the data is provided, and some research lines are suggested in order to increase and complement the current body of knowledge about the parasites of fish from Portugal.

  13. A introdução da interseccionalidade em Portugal: Repensar as políticas de igualdade(s

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    Alba Alonso

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available A literatura mais recente sobre políticas de igualdade tem prestado grande atenção à inserção da interseccionalidade nas políticas públicas, especialmente desde que a UE apostou em introduzir a nova agenda das desigualdades múltiplas. Este artigo segue outros estudos que abordam as reacções de diferentes Estados‑membros a esta nova prioridade política europeia e analisa o caso português. Usando a tipologia apresentada por Hancock (2007, argumentará que este país inicia a transição para uma perspectiva múltipla, partindo da aprovação de novos planos e organismos em que as desigualdades nem sempre são tratadas de modo independente. Paralelamente, prestará atenção às peculiaridades demonstradas pela experiência de Portugal, tais como a aposta nos conselhos de participação ou no desenvolvimento de um modelo institucional diferenciado.

  14. Desenvolvimento do curso de gerenciamento em enfermagem on-line: experiência exitosa entre Brasil e Portugal

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    Daisy Maria Rizatto Tronchin

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO Objetivo Descrever a experiência no planejamento e desenvolvimento de um Curso de Atualização On-Line em Gerenciamento em Enfermagem destinado a enfermeiros nos contextos Brasil e Portugal. Método O desenho instrucional do Curso fundamentou-se na Teoria da Aprendizagem Significativa, na Andragogia e na Metodologia Dialética, valorizando a interação entre os atores e privilegiando os cenários de prática e a aplicação dos conceitos abordados. Resultados O Curso está estruturado em nove unidades teóricas, quatro estudos de caso e prova dissertativa. Foi avaliado positivamente pelos participantes, os quais referiram oportunidades de aquisição de novos conhecimentos; interação e intercâmbio de experiência; motivação em estudar os temas e autoaprendizagem. Conclusão Espera-se que a experiência descrita estimule a proposição de novos cursos e programas na modalidade de Educação a Distância, incrementando os processos de ensino e de aprendizagem para subsidiar análises futuras do seu impacto no desenvolvimento e no aprimoramento de competências gerenciais em enfermagem.

  15. Ambiente, paisagem, património e economia: Os conflitos em torno de parques eólicos em Portugal

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    Ana Delicado

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Nos últimos anos tem‑se assistido em Portugal ao crescimento exponencial do número de parques eólicos, respondendo às pressões políticas e económicas para atingir metas ambiciosas no que concerne à produção de energia através de fontes renováveis. A nível geral, este desenvolvimento tem‑se pautado por discursos consensuais – mitigação das alterações climáticas, diminuição da dependência energética face ao exterior –, mas ao nível local e situado os conflitos tornam‑se visíveis (destruição visual da paisagem, impactes nocivos nos ecossistemas rurais, nas atividades turísticas, na saúde. Este artigo tem como objetivo explorar os conflitos em torno da energia eólica, com base num estudo de caso exploratório realizado na aldeia histórica de Sortelha, acompanhado da análise de variadas fontes empíricas, tais como dados estatísticos, estudos de impacte ambiental, artigos de imprensa e de blogues.

  16. Evaluation of the ecological effects of heavy metals on the assemblages of benthic foraminifera of the canals of Aveiro (Portugal)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martins, V.; da Silva, E. Ferreira; Sequeira, C.; Rocha, F.; Duarte, A. C.

    2010-04-01

    Aveiro is a town with 80,000 inhabitants situated in the central west coast of Portugal. It is located at the centre of the Ria de Aveiro, a coastal lagoon that functions as a multi-estuarine area. This town is crossed by several canals which are connected with lagoon channels through canal locks. The operation of the canal locks influences the hydro dynamism in Aveiro's canal and this and other human activities have left a sedimentary record. The study of these records was based on the sediments grain size and composition, mineralogy (by XRD techniques), geochemical (by ICP-MS), total organic carbon (TOC), and microfaunal (benthic foraminifera) content in 15 grab-samples collected in 2006 in Aveiro's canal. The total elemental concentrations evaluated by total digestion of the sediment fraction canals, related to legacies of past industrial activities. These "hot spots" have, for instance, higher available concentrations of Al, Cd, Co, Cu, Fe, Pb, Mn and Zn (evaluated by sequential chemical extractions) and are located in Paraíso, Alboi, Botirões and Cojo Canals, at sites where the sediments are finer and richer in TOC. Abiotic and biotic variables submitted to principal component analysis and cluster analysis highlights the hydrodynamics and human effects on the system and the negative influence of pollutants on the benthic organisms (foraminifera).

  17. Aprendizaje social e intenciones emprendedoras: un estudio comparativo entre México, España y Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Carlos Sánchez

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available El propósito del estudio ha sido explicar las diferencias encontradas entre los niveles de actividad emprendedora de México, España y Portugal a partir de un efecto autorreforzante, por medio de mecanismos de aprendizaje social. Se hipotetizó que el país de residencia, como variable indicadora del nivel de exposición a modelos de rol emprendedores, predeciría la autoeficacia emprendedora y las intenciones de emprender de los jóvenes implicados en decisiones de carrera. Se recogieron datos de autoinforme a partir de una muestra de 377 participantes de los tres países. Los análisis de MANOVA y regresión mostraron mayores niveles de autoeficacia e intenciones emprendedoras en los jóvenes mexicanos en comparaci ón con sus iguales españoles y portugueses, y que el país de residencia influyó sobre la intención de emprender por mediación de la autoeficacia emprendedora. Los resultados tienen importantes implicaciones para el fomento de la creación empresarial entre los jóvenes.

  18. Gestão, desenvolvimento e êxito: Sociogénese da literatura de auto‑ajuda em Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Ampudia de Haro

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available O objectivo deste artigo é analisar o código de comportamento e de emocionalidade que nasce da literatura de auto‑ajuda publicada em Portugal a partir dos anos 1950, momento em que este tipo de publicações começa a ganhar presença e visibilidade. Inicialmente, este código parece afastar‑se dos preceitos tradicionais defendidos pelo Estado Novo. No entanto, a análise da sua base social – o desenvolvimento económico, a integração do país no circuito capitalista internacional, a constituição da empresa como novo centro de integração social, a presença de novas mentalidades tecnocráticas e a procura, por parte do poder político, de um tipo de legitimidade baseada no desempenho – permite avaliar melhor esse eventual “afastamento” para observar como o regime integrou e assumiu a nova cultura comportamental e emocional da auto‑ajuda num complexo produto de autoridade e liberdade. Tomando como referência os teóricos neofoucaltianos da governamentalidade analisa-se, através do exemplo da auto‑ajuda, essa combinação de racionalidade política liberal e autoritária que o Estado Novo exibiu nos seus últimos vinte anos.

  19. ADOLESCENT QUALITY OF LIFE AND HEALTH BEHAVIORS: A COMPARATIVE STUDY BETWEEN ADOLESCENTS FROM THE SOUTH OF PORTUGAL AND SPAIN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Lima-Serrano

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio observacional, transversal para examinar diferencias en calidad de vida percibida y estilos de vida de adolescentes del sur de Portugal y del sur de España. A 319 adolescentes, se les administró el Kidscreen-27, una versión corta del cuestionario “Health Behavior in School-aged Children”, y un cuestionario sociodemográfico. Se observaron diferencias estadísticas entre adolescentes portugueses y españoles. Los portugueses experimentan más drogas legales, y consumen más vino y cerveza. Los españoles consumen más tabaco. No se encontraron diferencias entre países en el uso de hachís, bebidas destiladas, embriaguez y edad de la primera relación sexual. Los españoles se perciben con mayor calidad de vida. Se encontraron diferencias de género en varias dimensiones de la calidad de vida, principalmente entre adolescentes españoles. Se discuten los resultados con investigaciones previas sobre estos tópicos, y pueden ser considerados por las enfermeras en la promoción de salud adolescente.

  20. Innovation Processes of SMEs in Less Favoured Municipalities of Portugal

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    Maria Manuela Natário

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo examina los procesos de innovación de las pequeñas y medianas empresas (PYME en las zonas periféricas, en particular en el municipio de Guarda y en las islas de Sao Miguel y Santa María en las Azores. Para este fin se construyó una encuesta para ser aplicada en las áreas de negocio antes mencionadas y la metodología utilizada es la estimación de tres modelos: en primerlugar un modelo logit, para medir la diferencia entre las empresas que innovan y las que no innovan; en segundo lugar un modelo Tobit, para medir la intensidad dela innovación, y el tercero, un modelo Probit, para analizar el tipo de innovación. Las conclusiones apuntan a la existencia de una relación positiva entre la variable independiente: la introducción de innovaciones en el sector del mercado y las variables edad, y la actividad, una relación inversa en lo que respecta al tamaño de la empresa y en menor grado en relación con la variable región.

  1. Tuberculose ativa entre profissionais de saúde em Portugal Active tuberculosis among health care workers in Portugal

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    José Castela Torres da Costa

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Determinar a incidência de tuberculose (TB ativa em uma coorte de profissionais de saúde (PS. MÉTODOS: Estudo descritivo dos casos de TB ativa identificados entre 2005 e 2010 no rastreio de medicina do trabalho efetuado em 6.112 PS. Casos de TB ativa foram definidos como aqueles com identificação de Mycobacterium tuberculosis por microscopia direta ou cultura; aqueles com sintomas ou sinais clínicos de TB e granuloma necrotizante, detectado por histologia; e aqueles com achados radiológicos consistentes com TB ativa. RESULTADOS: Dos 6.112 PS avaliados, houve 62 casos de TB ativa (TB pulmonar, em 43; TB pleural, em 15; TB ganglionar, em 2; TB do pericárdio, em 1; TB cutânea, em 1. Sete PS estavam assintomáticos no momento do diagnóstico. Dos 62 casos de TB ativa, a doença ocorreu nos primeiros 10 anos de exposição ocupacional em 48 e nos primeiros 5 anos em 36. A maioria dos casos verificou-se em médicos e enfermeiros (22 e 21, respectivamente. CONCLUSÕES: O impacto da TB em PS em Portugal é elevado. Os médicos e enfermeiros são os PS com o maior risco de desenvolver TB ativa. Tal como relatado em estudos prévios, parece haver um risco mais elevado de desenvolver essa doença nos primeiros anos de exposição. Em países de elevada incidência, o rastreio de TB nos PS é importante no controle da transmissão dessa doença.OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of active tuberculosis (TB in a cohort of health care workers (HCWs. METHODS: Descriptive study of active TB cases identified in an occupational health screening of 6,112 HCWs between 2005 and 2010. Cases of active TB were defined as those in which Mycobacterium tuberculosis was identified by direct microscopy or culture; those in which there were symptoms or clinical signs of TB and necrotizing granuloma, as detected by histology; and those in which the radiological findings were consistent with active TB. RESULTS: Among the 6,112 HCWs evaluated, we identified

  2. Comparative Historical Study of the Practice of Appropriation of the Movement of Modern Mathematics in Brazil and Portugal Estudo Histórico Comparativo das Práticas de Apropriação do Movimento da Matemática Moderna no Brasil e em Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neuza Bertoni Pinto

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Seeking to understand the initial spread of the Modern Mathematics Movement in Brazil and Portugal, the article presents a comparative historical study of the practices of appropriation of the movement by two renowned mathematics educators, recognized as pioneers in the modernization of mathematics in secondary school: Osvaldo Sangiorgi in Brazil, and José Sebastião e Silva, Portugal. The sources are composed of the didactics production of the respective disseminators of the movement, in the 1960s: modern mathematics textbooks of mathematics and teacher guides. The theoretical and methodological basis is based on the theoretical contribution of Michel de Certeau, Roger Chartier, Dominique Julia and Marcel Detienne. The study highlights the importance of cultural uniqueness in the construction of mediators of the comparative history of the Modern Mathematics Movement. Keywords: History of Mathematics Education. Movement of Modern Mathematics. Practices of Appropriation. Comparative study history.Buscando compreender a propagação inicial do Movimento da Matemática Moderna, no Brasil e em Portugal, o artigo apresenta um estudo histórico comparativo das práticas de apropriação do referido movimento de dois renomados educadores matemáticos, reconhecidos como pioneiros na modernização da matemática da escola secundária: Osvaldo Sangiorgi, no Brasil, e José Sebastião e Silva, em Portugal. As fontes são constituídas na produção didática dos respectivos difusores do movimento, na década de 1960, como: livros didáticos de Matemática Moderna e Guias para o Professor. A base teórico-metodológica fundamenta-se nos aportes teóricos de Michel de Certeau, Roger Chartier, Dominique Julia e Marcel Detienne. O estudo destaca a relevância das singularidades culturais na construção de mediadores comparativos da história do Movimento da Matemática Moderna. Palavras-chave: História da Educação Matemática. Movimento da

  3. Estudo exploratorio da qualidade do ar em escolas de educacao basica, Coimbra, Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Maria Conceicao Ferreira

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO : Analisar a qualidade do ar em escolas de educação básica e suas condições estruturais e funcionais. MÉTODOS : Foi avaliada a qualidade do ar de 51 escolas (81 salas de aula de educação básica da cidade de Coimbra, Portugal, tanto na parte interior das salas como na exterior, durante as quatro estações do ano, de 2010 a 2011. Foram avaliadas a temperatura (Tº, umidade relativa (Hr, concentrações de monóxido de carbono (CO, dióxido de carbono (CO 2 , ozona (O 3 , dióxido de nitrogênio (NO 2 , dióxido de enxofre (SO 2 , compostos orgânicos voláteis (COV, formaldeído e material particulado (PM 10 , de novembro de 2010 a fevereiro de 2011 (outono/inverno e de março de 2011 a junho de 2011 (primavera/verão. Procedeu-se ao preenchimento de uma grelha de caracterização das condições estruturais e funcionais das escolas. Aplicaram-se os testes estatísticos t- Student para amostras emparelhadas e o teste t de Wilcoxon. RESULTADOS : Em 47 escolas, as concentrações médias de CO 2 encontravam-se acima da concentração máxima de referência (984 ppm mencionada na legislação portuguesa. Os valores máximos de concentração encontrados no interior das salas foram críticos, principalmente no outono/inverno (5.320 ppm. As concentrações médias de COV e de PM 10 no interior ultrapassaram a concentração máxima de referência legislada em algumas escolas. Não foram detetados valores relevantes (risco de CO, formaldeído, NO 2 , SO 2 e O 3 . CONCLUSÕES : Houve maior concentração de poluentes no interior das salas, comparativamente com o exterior. A inadequada ventilação está associada à elevada concentração de CO 2 nas salas de aula.

  4. Exports-R&D investment complementarity and economic performance of firms located in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre Neves

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available H ay un gran número de estudios sobre la relación entre la I+D y las exportaciones. Sin embargo, los resultados no siempre son bien definidos. Este estudio evalúa si en el caso de un país pequeño, abierto y periférico ―en el que las exportaciones son el motor del crecimiento económico a pesar de un retraso notable en términos de I+D― la I+D que realizan las empresas impacta en o está influenciada por sus exportaciones, así como si la interrelación entre la I+D y las exportaciones impacta el desempeño de las empresas. Mediante un conjunto de datos único que comprende todas las empresas no financieras con sede en Portugal (más de 340 miles, para el periodo 2006-2012, las estimaciones basadas en modelos probit bivariados, que proporcionan la estimación simultánea de las dos decisiones (I+D y exportaciones, tomando en cuenta la correlación entre los errores de estimación de ambas ecuaciones, confirman que hay complementariedad entre la I+D y las exportaciones, lo que significa que la participación en las actividades de I+D aumentará la probabilidad de la empresa de participar en las actividades de ex - portación. Además, la participación en actividades de exportación también aumentará la probabilidad de participar en la I+D. Los resultados también proporcionan apoyo a la hipótesis de que las empresas más productivas autoseleccionan las actividades exporta - doras y a la hipótesis de aprendizaje mediante la exportación. Finalmente, basados en un modelo de panel hemos encontrado que la I+D y las exportaciones tienen un efecto positivo sobre el crecimiento de las ventas, que se ve reforzado cuando se producen simultáneamente ambas actividades.

  5. Intervenções Comportamentais de Prevenção da Obesidade Infantil: Estado da Arte em Portugal

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    Jessica Filipe

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available ObjetivoA prevenção do excesso de peso e obesidade infantis em Portugal é prioritária e tem sido alvo de vários programas de intervenção. Este estudo teve como objetivo principal desenvolver um registo nacional, caracterizando as intervenções implementadas.MétodoIncluíram-se programas de promoção de estilos de vida saudáveis implementados em Portugal, identificados através do “Google” e de websites Institucionais, que visavam contribuir direta ou indiretamente para a prevenção e controlo da obesidade infantil. A seleção foi realizada pela leitura dos títulos e informação disponibilizada nos websites, e foram depois extraídas informações sobre cada projeto.ResultadosForam incluídos na análise 29 programas de promoção de alimentação saudável (n = 19, atividade física (n = 2 ou ambos (n = 8, realizados entre 2001 e 2015. À exceção de um programa, as atividades realizadas são descritas, mas o racional teórico e as técnicas de mudança comportamental utilizadas não são explicitadas. Apenas 16 programas foram avaliados, disponibilizando online os resultados obtidos.ConclusãoA maioria dos programas não fornece dados relativamente à sua fundamentação teórica e empírica, nem informação detalhada sobre as atividades realizadas e avaliação. Futuros programas devem fornecer maior detalhe sobre o racional teórico e as técnicas de modificação comportamental utilizadas, e a avaliação da eficácia na mudança do comportamento-alvo.

  6. Monitorização, ao longo de 12 meses, dos teores de peróxidos, aldeídos e clorofila de azeites virgem extra, monovarietais e de mistura, produzidos em Portugal e armazenados em 4 diferentes condições

    OpenAIRE

    Serrano, Liliana de Jesus Ligas

    2014-01-01

    Dissertação para obtenção do grau de Mestre em Segurança Alimentar e Saúde Pública Neste trabalho estudou-se a variação de 6 parâmetros químicos do azeite virgem extra, ao longo de 12 meses, sob quatro condições de armazenamento. Para isso,seleccionaram-se 10 amostras de azeite de virgem extra, representativas das principais regiões produtoras de Portugal, sendo 5 monovarietais, das variedades Arbequina, Cobrançosa, Galega, Picual e 5 de mistura. Os azeites foram recolhidos dir...

  7. Occurrence of springs in massifs of crystalline rocks, northern Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pacheco, Fernando António Leal; Alencoão, Ana Maria Pires

    2002-02-01

    An inventory of artesian springs emerging from fractures (fracture springs) was conducted in the Pinhão River Basin and Morais Massif, northern Portugal, comprising an area of approximately 650 km2. Over 1,500 springs were identified and associated with geological domains and fracture sets. Using cross-tabulation analysis, spring distributions by fracture sets were compared among geological environments, and the deviations related to differences in rock structure and, presumably, to differences in deformational histories. The relation between spring frequencies and rock structures was further investigated by spectral determination, the model introduced in this study. Input data are the spring frequencies and fracture lengths in each geological domain, in addition to the angles between fracture strikes and present-day stress-field orientation (θ). The model's output includes the so-called intrinsic densities, a parameter indexing spring occurrence to factors such as fracture type and associated deformational regime and age. The highest densities (12.2 springs/km of lineament) were associated with young shear fractures produced by brittle deformation, and the lowest (0.1) with old tensional and ductile fractures. Spectral determination also relates each orientation class to a dominant structural parameter: where spring occurrence is controlled by θ, the class is parallel to the present-day stress-field orientation; where the control is attributed to the length of fractures, the spring occurrence follows the strike of large-scale normal faults crossing the region. Résumé. Un inventaire des sources artésiennes émergeant de fractures (sources de fractures) a été réalisé dans le bassin de la rivière Pinhão et dans le massif de Morais, dans le nord du Portugal, dans une région couvrant environ 650 km2. Plus de 1,500 sources ont été identifiées et associées à des domaines géologiques et à des ensembles de fractures. Grâce à une analyse de tableaux

  8. Pesquisa biográfica junto de imigrantes em Portugal: experiência de pesquisa participativa e relevância analítica dos testemunhos privados

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    Elsa Lechner

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available O presente texto é resultados do projeto "Pesquisa das migrações e abordagem biográfica: construindo um trabalho em colaboração no contexto português", desenvolvido no Centro de Estudos Sociais da Universidade de Coimbra e financiado pela Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia. Este estudo é uma proposta de trabalho em colaboração entre investigadores das ciências sociais e imigrantes residentes naquela cidade do centro de Portugal. Mais especificamente, procura-se estudar e conhecer a experiência migratória de imigrantes com origens e perfis muito diversos que escolheram - de uma forma ou de outra - a cidade de Coimbra para viver. Os objectivos de partida do trabalho decorrem do nosso foco privilegiado nas experiências e relatos biográficos dos sujeitos nossos interlocutores: 1 qual a perspectiva dos migrantes sobre sua experiência migratória? 2 qual o impacto da pesquisa biográfica na vida dos migrantes e sociedade de imigração? 3 como reconhecer os sujeitos interlocutores para além de um propósito meramente objectificante da pesquisa? Propõe-se aqui fazer uma reflexão, em diálogo com os referenciais teóricos da pesquisa biográfica emancipatória, bem como da pesquisa partilhada ou participativa em ciências sociais.

  9. Physically-Based Shallow Landslide Susceptibility Mapping, NW of Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teixeira, Manuel; Bateira, Carlos; Soares, Laura

    2013-04-01

    Two physically-based models - Shallow Landslide Stability Analysis (SHALSTAB) and Safety Factor (SF) - are applied in Serra da Peneda (northwest of Portugal) to evaluate shallow landslide susceptibility in Tibo drainage basin. This small basin is located in an area of granitic and metasedimentary substrate, covered by different types of surficial formations (weathering mantles and slope deposits). The application of the selected models requires the determination of a set of mechanical and hydrological parameters, and the use of high resolution topographic information to create an accurate DTM. To fulfill this goal we have applied the Shallow Landslide Stability Analysis (SHALSTAB) and the SF (Safety Factor) models. The shallow landslide area was inventoried on the field. The cohesion was assessed by back analysis and the other mechanical and hydrological soil parameters were assessed on the field survey. Several susceptibility scenarios were tested with SHALSTAB model. The best SHALSTAB scenario used to assess the susceptibility is achieved using the following parameters: cohesion (c) = 2000 N/m2, soil thickness (z) = 1,2 m, internal friction (?)=32o and soil weight (?s)=14,7 KN/m3. Shallow landslide susceptibility mapping using the SF model, was based on the cartography of the factors registered on the field survey and used the following parameters: cohesion (c) = 2000 - 6000 N/m2, soil thickness (z) =1,2 m, internal friction (?)=30 - 40o; soil volumic weight (?m) = 13,7 - 15,7 KN/m3 and Hydraulic conductivity = 0 - 3,9-03 kfs. SHALSTAB scenarios were validated by overlaying the shallow landslide area (scar concentration) and selected the better susceptibility modeling. The parameters used on the SF model applied spatially variable values registered in the field survey (using the superficial formation cartography). To validate the SF model we used the AUC (Area Under the Curve) method. The two models were compared by the scar concentration and landslide potential

  10. The Induction and Mentoring of New Teachers in Portugal: Contradictions, Needs and Opportunities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flores, Maria Assuncao; Ferreira, Fernando Ilidio

    2009-01-01

    In this article, policy and research on teacher induction in Portugal are examined. The lack of a formal induction system (despite recognition of its relevance in legal policy documents) and the mismatch between national regulations and practice are also discussed. The authors argue the need for a coherent and sustained induction and support…

  11. Reinterpreting Lifelong Learning: Meanings of Adult Education Policy in Portugal, 1999-2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guimaraes, Paula

    2013-01-01

    This article analyses Portugal's adult education policy between 1999 and 2010. Our empirical material consists of Portuguese as well as supranational policy documents. We use a theoretical framework which distinguishes three models of public policy, with different views on the roles of public policy and of education: (1) participative…

  12. A Contaminated Gesamtkunstwerk: Portugal's Postrevolutionary Participatory Housing Design between 1974 and 1977

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mota, N.J.A.

    2013-01-01

    During the year of 1976 there was an unprecedented interest of the international architectural media in Portuguese architecture, which up until that year, had been seldom published abroad. The reason for this sudden interest of the architectural milieu in Portugal was the works produced under the ae

  13. Epistemological Awareness and Geographical Education in Portugal: The Practice of Newly Qualified Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alexandre, Fernando

    2009-01-01

    Geographical education in Portugal has undergone many reforms since the late 1970s. Reforms have affected mainly the content and the goals of the discipline's national curriculum, in a process designed to reflect the evolution of geography at academic level. However, the reforms seem to have had little effect on what teachers believe geography and…

  14. The Democratisation of Access and Success in Higher Education: The Case of Portugal and Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dias, Diana; Marinho-Araujo, Claisy; Almeida, Leandro; Amaral, Alberto

    2011-01-01

    Given that higher education systems everywhere have opened to the masses, this paper analyses to what extent this phenomenon has really been accompanied by an effective democratisation of access and success in Portugal and Brazil. It looks at the expansion of higher education and discusses how the political system and higher education institutions…

  15. Well sediments: a medium for geochemical prospecting, an example from the Nisa region, Portugal

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vriend, S.P.; Dekkers, M.J.; Janssen, M.A.; Commandeur, J.

    1991-01-01

    Vriend, S.P., Dekkers, M.J.. Janssen, M.A. and Commandeur, J., 1991. Well sediments: a medium for geochemical prospecting, an example from the Nisa region. Portugal. In: A.W. Rose and P.M. Taufen I Editors). Geochemical Exploration ! 989. J. Geochem. Expior., 4 ! : ! 5 I- 167. Tile potential of well

  16. France and Portugal in the Spanish Civil War - Domestic and International Policies

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-12-01

    an unhappy army. 3 Many of Spain’s officers found themselves sitting in clubs and cafes discussing and attempting to influence politics. 3 Most of...Pickersgill, J. W. "The Front Populaire and the French Election of 1936," Political Science Quarterly 1935, p. 96-112. Portugal Ante La Guerra De

  17. Construction and Modification of the Autonomy of School Mathematical Knowledge in Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matos, José Manuel

    2016-01-01

    During the second half of the nineteenth century and early twentieth century the discipline of secondary mathematics was gradually built in Portugal and certified teachers, textbooks, programs, special teaching techniques emerge. This consolidation process ends with the emergency of school subjects that develop some kind of autonomy as Chervel…

  18. Seroepidemiology of Toxoplasma gondii infection in women from the North of Portugal in their childbearing years

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection and associated risk factors were investigated in 401 women of childbearing age from the North of Portugal. Among the 98 (24.4%) seropositive women, 92 (93.9%) were detected as positive only for imunoglobulin (Ig) G, two women (2.0%) were positive only fo...

  19. Hepatitis E Virus in Sylvatic and Captive Wild Boar from Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mesquita, J R; Oliveira, R M S; Coelho, C; Vieira-Pinto, M; Nascimento, M S J

    2016-10-01

    Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is a zoonotic agent today considered a major Public Health issue in industrialized countries. HEV strains belonging to zoonotic genotype 3 are widely present in swine, being today considered important reservoirs for human disease. Unlike in swine, only scarce data are available on the circulation of HEV in wild boar. This study describes the detection and molecular characterization of HEV in livers from sylvatic wild boar hunted in Portugal and destined for consumption. Additionally, the detection of HEV in stools of a confined wild boar population also destined for consumption is also described. A total of 80 liver samples collected during the hunting season of 2011/2012 and 40 stools collected in February 2012 from a wild boar breeding farm in Portugal were tested by a nested broad-spectrum RT-PCR assay targeting open reading frame (ORF) 1. Twenty livers (25.0%) and 4 stools (10%) were positive for HEV. Phylogenetic analysis showed that all strains clustered with sequences classified as HEV genotype 3 subgenotype e. To our knowledge, this is the first report documenting the occurrence and molecular analysis of HEV in sylvatic and captive wild boar destined for human consumption in Portugal. This report demonstrates for the first time the circulation of HEV in wildlife reservoirs of Portugal adding knowledge to the epidemiology of HEV in wild boar populations.

  20. Higher Education Distance Learning in Portugal--State of the Art and Current Policy Issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hasan, Abrar; Laaser, Wolfram

    2010-01-01

    The paper is based on a recent report given to the Portuguese Ministry of Science, Technology and Higher Education on "Reforming Higher Education Distance Learning in Portugal" (Hasan et. al. 2009). The report was grounded on on-site visits of leading Portuguese Universities, Polytechnics and Business Schools as well as on written…

  1. Emergy analysis of a silvo-pastoral system, a case study in southern Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Mediterranean silvo-pastoral system known as Montado, in Portugal, is a complex land use system composed of an open tree stratum in various densities and an herbaceous layer, used for livestock grazing. Livestock also profit from the acorns, and the grazing contributes to avo...

  2. Associations between Early Family Risk, Children's Behavioral Regulation, and Academic Achievement in Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cadima, Joana; Gamelas, Ana M.; McClelland, Megan; Peixoto, Carla

    2015-01-01

    Research Findings: This study examined concurrent associations between family sociodemographic risk, self-regulation, and early literacy and mathematics in young children from Azores, Portugal (N = 186). Family sociodemographic risk was indexed by low maternal education, low family income, and low occupational status. Behavioral aspects of…

  3. Early Childhood Intervention in Portugal: An Overview Based on the Developmental Systems Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinto, Ana Isabel; Grande, Catarina; Aguiar, Cecilia; de Almeida, Isabel Chaves; Felgueiras, Isabel; Pimentel, Julia Serpa; Serrano, Ana Maria; Carvalho, Leonor; Brandao, Maria Teresa; Boavida, Tania; Santos, Paula; Lopes-dos-Santos, Pedro

    2012-01-01

    Research studies on early childhood intervention (ECI) in Portugal are diffuse regarding both program components and the geographical area under scrutiny. Since the 1990s, a growing body of knowledge and evidence in ECI is being gathered, based on postgraduate teaching, in-service training, and research. This article draws on the systems theory…

  4. Echinococcus granulosus in Portugal: the first report of the G7 genotype in cattle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beato, Sílvia; Parreira, Ricardo; Roque, Cláudio; Gonçalves, Matilde; Silva, Liliana; Maurelli, Maria Paola; Cringoli, Giuseppe; Grácio, Maria Amélia

    2013-11-15

    Although cystic echinococcosis (CE) has been a recognized public health problem in Portugal, molecular data regarding the types and prevalence of infecting strains of its etiological agent (Echinococcus granulosus) are still scarce. Over the last years we have been evaluating the prevalence of CE in the country, and in this report we determined the parasite genotypes infecting sheep, goats, cattle and human in Portugal, based on 209 hydatid cysts recovered from liver (n=96), lung (n=95), pancreas (n=17) and kidney (n=1) samples obtained between 2008 and 2011. Protoscoleces or germinal layers were collected from individual cysts, DNA was extracted, and a part of the mitochondrial DNA encoding the cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 was amplified by PCR. Overall, the results confirm the overall dominance of the G1-G3 cluster of strains, which are particularly prevalent in southern Portugal in livestock ruminants. Unexpectedly, one parasite sequence with cattle origin was found to correspond to E. granulosus G7 genotype (also known as E. intermedius), here reported for the first time in bovine, in Portugal.

  5. Järgmine Iirimaa on Portugal / Soe-Surén, Katri

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soe-Surén, Katri

    2010-01-01

    Ekspertide hinnangul on Portugal järgmine riik, mis vajab finantsabi. Portugali jooksevkonto defitsiit on sel aastal üle 10% SKT-st, Iirimaal 0,3%. Portugali majandustoodang langeb 2011. a., Iirimaal aga peaks majandus kasvama 1,5%

  6. Prevalence of antibodies to Leishmania infantum and Toxoplasma gondii in horses from the north of Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Background Leishmania infantum and Toxoplasma gondii are protozoa with zoonotic and economic importance. Prevalences of antibodies to these agents were assessed in 173 horses from the north of Portugal. Findings Antibodies to L. infantum were detected by the direct agglutination test (DAT); seven (...

  7. SNP typing reveals similarity in Mycobacterium tuberculosis genetic diversity between Portugal and Northeast Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopes, Joao S; Marques, Isabel; Soares, Patricia; Nebenzahl-Guimaraes, Hanna; Costa, Joao; Miranda, Anabela; Duarte, Raquel; Alves, Adriana; Macedo, Rita; Duarte, Tonya A; Barbosa, Theolis; Oliveira, Martha; Nery, Joilda S; Boechat, Neio; Pereira, Susan M; Barreto, Mauricio L; Pereira-Leal, Jose; Gomes, Maria Gabriela Miranda; Penha-Goncalves, Carlos

    2013-08-01

    Human tuberculosis is an infectious disease caused by bacteria from the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC). Although spoligotyping and MIRU-VNTR are standard methodologies in MTBC genetic epidemiology, recent studies suggest that Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNP) are advantageous in phylogenetics and strain group/lineages identification. In this work we use a set of 79 SNPs to characterize 1987 MTBC isolates from Portugal and 141 from Northeast Brazil. All Brazilian samples were further characterized using spolygotyping. Phylogenetic analysis against a reference set revealed that about 95% of the isolates in both populations are singly attributed to bacterial lineage 4. Within this lineage, the most frequent strain groups in both Portugal and Brazil are LAM, followed by Haarlem and X. Contrary to these groups, strain group T showed a very different prevalence between Portugal (10%) and Brazil (1.5%). Spoligotype identification shows about 10% of mis-matches compared to the use of SNPs and a little more than 1% of strains unidentifiability. The mis-matches are observed in the most represented groups of our sample set (i.e., LAM and Haarlem) in almost the same proportion. Besides being more accurate in identifying strain groups/lineages, SNP-typing can also provide phylogenetic relationships between strain groups/lineages and, thus, indicate cases showing phylogenetic incongruence. Overall, the use of SNP-typing revealed striking similarities between MTBC populations from Portugal and Brazil.

  8. Prevalence of antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii in dogs from northeastern Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prevalence of antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii was investigated in 673 domestic dogs from northeastern Portugal, by using the modified agglutination test (MAT) with 1:20 as cut-off for seropositivity; antibodies were found in 256 dogs (38.0%). Differences between seroprevalence levels in males (36.7%...

  9. Stomach cancer incidence in Southern Portugal 1998-2006: a spatio-temporal analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Papoila, Ana L; Riebler, Andrea; Amaral-Turkman, Antónia; São-João, Ricardo; Ribeiro, Conceição; Geraldes, Carlos; Miranda, Ana

    2014-05-01

    Stomach cancer belongs to the most common malignant tumors in Portugal. Main causal factors are age, dietary habits, smoking, and Helicobacter pylori infections. As these factors do not only operate on different time dimensions, such as age, period, or birth cohort, but may also vary along space, it is of utmost interest to model temporal and spatial trends jointly. In this paper, we analyze incidence of stomach cancer in Southern Portugal between 1998 and 2006 for females and males jointly using a spatial multivariate age-period-cohort model. Thus, we avoid age aggregation and allow the exploration of heterogeneous time trends between males and females across age, period, birth cohort, and space. Model estimation is performed within a Bayesian setting assuming (gender specific) smoothing priors. Our results show that the posterior expected rate of stomach cancer is decreasing for all counties in Southern Portugal and that males around 70 have a two times higher risk of getting stomach cancer compared with their female counterparts. We further found that, except for some few counties, the spatial influence is almost constant over time and negligible in the southern counties of Southern Portugal.

  10. New finds of stegosaur tracks from the Upper Jurassic Lourinhã formation, Portugal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mateus, Octavio; Milàn, Jesper; Romano, Michael;

    2011-01-01

    Eleven new tracks from the Upper Jurassic of Portugal are described and attributed to the stegosaurian ichnogenus Deltapodus. One track exhibits exceptionally well−preserved impressions of skin on the plantar surface, showing the stegosaur foot to be covered by closely spaced skin tubercles of ca...

  11. Genetic diversity and evolutionary relationships among Legionella pneumophila clinical isolates, Portugal, 1987 to 2012.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chasqueira, M J; Rodrigues, L; Nascimento, M; Ramos, M; Marques, T

    2014-11-20

    The genetic diversity of 89 clinical Legionella isolates, collected between 1987 and 2012, in 22 hospitals from the five regions of Portugal, was analysed in this study using monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) of the Dresden panel and the sequence-based typing (SBT) protocol. The eBURST algorithm was used to infer levels of relatedness between isolates. All isolates collected were Legionella pneumophila, which were further characterised into four subgroups by MAbs, and 30 sequence types (STs) by SBT. Twelve of the STs were unique to Portugal; one of them (ST100) was represented by 32 epidemiologically related isolates. The ST44 was the profile with the highest number of epidemiologically unrelated isolates. The eBURST analyses indicate that, within the group formed by the 30 STs identified in this study, 17 STs were genetically close to at least another ST in the group. The comparison between the eBURST diagrams obtained with the STs from this study and the entire SBT database of the European Working Group for Legionella, showed that 24 (seven of them unique to Portugal) of our 30 STs were related with STs identified in others countries. These results suggest that the population of L. pneumophila clinical strains in Portugal includes both worldwide and local strains.

  12. Mathematics Diagnostic Testing in Engineering: An International Comparison between Ireland and Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carr, M.; Fidalgo, C.; Bigotte de Almeida, M. E.; Branco, J. R.; Santos, V.; Murphy, E.; Ní Fhloinn, E.

    2015-01-01

    Concern has been expressed throughout Europe about the significant deficiencies in the basic mathematical skills of many engineering undergraduates. Mathematics diagnostic tests in the UK, Ireland and Portugal have shown these shortcomings, which provide a challenge to those striving to introduce more innovative educational practices into…

  13. Student Perceptions of the Employability of the First Degree in Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sin, Cristina; Tavares, Orlanda; Amaral, Alberto

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: The paper presents and analyses quantitative data on student perceptions about the employability of the first degree, and their trajectory choices on graduation. The purpose of this paper is to assess the value of the first degree as a positional good in Portugal, further to the degree's reduced duration after the implementation of the…

  14. Career Adapt-Abilities Scale--Portugal Form: Psychometric Properties and Relationships to Employment Status

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duarte, M. Eduarda; Soares, M. C.; Fraga, S.; Rafael, M.; Lima, M. R.; Paredes, I.; Agostinho, R.; Djalo, A.

    2012-01-01

    The Career-Adaptabilities Scale (CAAS)--Portugal Form consists of four scales, each with seven items, which measure concern, control, curiosity, and confidence as psychosocial resources for managing occupational transitions, developmental tasks, and work traumas. Internal consistency estimates for the subscale and total scores ranged from good to…

  15. Master's in Autonomous Systems: An Overview of the Robotics Curriculum and Outcomes at ISEP, Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, E.; Almeida, J.; Martins, A.; Baptista, J. P.; Campos Neves, B.

    2013-01-01

    Robotics research in Portugal is increasing every year, but few students embrace it as one of their first choices for study. Until recently, job offers for engineers were plentiful, and those looking for a degree in science and technology would avoid areas considered to be demanding, like robotics. At the undergraduate level, robotics programs are…

  16. TP53 germline mutations in Portugal and genetic modifiers of age at cancer onset

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pinto, Carla; Veiga, Isabel; Pinheiro, Manuela; Peixoto, Ana; Pinto, Armando; Lopes, Jose M.; Reis, Rui M.; Oliveira, Carla; Baptista, Manuela; Roque, Lucia; Regateiro, Fernando; Cirnes, Luis; Hofstra, Robert M. W.; Seruca, Raquel; Castedo, Sergio; Teixeira, Manuel R.

    2009-01-01

    The Li-Fraumeni syndrome (LFS) is a rare, autosomal dominant disease caused by TP53 germline mutations. This study aimed to characterize the TP53 mutational spectrum in patients suspected to have LFS in Portugal and to evaluate the influence of the MDM2-SNP309 and TP53-72Arg variants and of telomere

  17. Serological Evidence for Schmallenberg Virus Infection in Sheep of Portugal 2014

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Esteves, Fernando; Mesquita, João R.; Vala, Helena; Abreu-Silva, Joana; Poel, Van Der W.H.M.; Nascimento, Maria S.J.

    2016-01-01

    Between November and December of 2014, a serosurvey was set up to evaluate the presence of Schmallenberg virus (SBV) antibodies in sheep of Portugal. Sera (n = 1068) were tested using an indirect enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ID Screen® Schmallenberg virus indirect, IDvet Innovative Diagnost

  18. Education and Gender Wage Differentials in Portugal: What Can We Learn from an Age Cohort Analysis?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonzalez, Pilar; Santos, Luis Delfim; Santos, Maria Clementina

    2009-01-01

    Important changes characterize the recent evolution of the schooling of workers in Portugal. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the consequences of those changes in the gender wage gap. In particular, we analyze and compare the way that this process has evolved in the groups of young workers and older workers. Our findings suggest that…

  19. Glycaemic threshold for diabetes-specific retinopathy among individuals from Saudi Arabia, Algeria and Portugal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Almdal, Thomas Peter; Handlos, Line Neerup; Vistisen, Dorte

    2014-01-01

    We studied the glycaemic threshold and prevalence of diabetic retinopathy in screen-detected diabetes in Saudi Arabia, Algeria and Portugal. The prevalence of diabetes-specific retinopathy started to increase at an HbA1c level of 6-6.4% and in individuals with HbA1c >7.0% the prevalence was 6.0%....

  20. Detection and Characterization of Hepatitis E Virus in Domestic Pigs of Different Ages in Portugal

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Berto, A.; Mesquita, J.R.; Hakze-van der Honing, van der R.W.; Nascimento, R.S.; Poel, van der W.H.M.

    2012-01-01

    This study represents the primary hepatitis E virus (HEV) surveillance in domestic pigs in Portugal, five pig farms were investigated in 5 different Portuguese regions, ten faecal samples were collected at four different stages of the production. All faecal samples were tested for hepatitis E virus

  1. Teaching Writing to Middle School Students in Portugal and in Brazil: An Exploratory Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Veiga Simão, Ana Margarida; Malpique, Anabela Abreu; Frison, Lourdes Maria Bragagnolo; Marques, André

    2016-01-01

    Learning how to write is a challenging process, typically developed in schools. Teachers' practices in teaching writing, however, have been under researched. The aim of this study was to survey a sample of teachers from Portugal (n = 96) and Brazil (n = 99) about their practices for and perceptions about writing instruction. Teachers reported on…

  2. Educational Journals and Worldwide Circulation of Pedagogical Knowledge: Brazil and Portugal (1921?1935)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Francisco, Jaime; Cordeiro, Parreira; Carvalho, Luis Miguel

    2005-01-01

    This article focuses on the circulation of educational models between Portugal and Brazil (from 1920 to 1935), within a broader context of an intensive international transfer of "ways of thinking" about education. It describes and analyses the results from research on two educational journals, one Portuguese (Revista Escolar) the other from the…

  3. Epidemiology of Autism Spectrum Disorder in Portugal: Prevalence, Clinical Characterization, and Medical Conditions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oliveira, Guiomar; Ataide, Assuncao; Marques, Carla; Miguel, Teresa S.; Coutinho, Ana Margarida; Mota-Vieira, Luisa; Goncalves, Esmeralda; Lopes, Nazare Mendes; Rodrigues, Vitor; Carmona da Mota, Henrique; Vicente, Astrid Moura

    2007-01-01

    The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) and identify its clinical characterization, and medical conditions in a paediatric population in Portugal. A school survey was conducted in elementary schools, targeting 332 808 school-aged children in the mainland and 10 910 in the Azores islands.…

  4. THE MATHEMATICS OF PRIMARY SCHOOL ON THE PEDAGOGICAL JOURNALS OF BRAZIL AND PORTUGAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosimeire Aparecida Soares Borges

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The present communication has as objective to present the realized studies on the investigation field to analyze the dynamics of circulation and appropriation of the Movement of the Modern Mathematics (MMM in Primary Education in Brazil and Portugal, starting from pedagogical journals for teachers at this level education published in these two countries during this period.

  5. Alfred Smith (1822-1898, pioneiro do turismo ornitológico em Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nuno Oliveira

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Desde cedo Portugal foi um destino de turismo ornitológico (ecoturístico e Alfred Smith foi um dos primeiros, senão o primeiro, turista a vir a Portugal, em 1868, motivado pelo interesse pelas aves. O livro que publicou contém uma lista inédita de aves de Portugal, que só encontrámos porque o bibliotecário da Academia de Ciências de Nova York acrescentou ao título, na ficha bibliográfica “com uma capítulo sobre as aves de Portugal, e uma lista de 235 espécies cuidadosamente determinadas”. Hoje o turismo ornitológico e o ecoturismo já se estão a desenvolver a bom ritmo e as espécies de aves ibéricas (a par da paisagem, da flora e da restante fauna constituem um produto turístico em que se deve apostar e que valoriza, essencialmente, as regiões do interior.

  6. Education and Child Poverty in Times of Austerity in Portugal: Implications for Teachers and Teacher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flores, Maria Assunção; Ferreira, Fernando Ilídio

    2016-01-01

    In recent years Portugal has experienced a severe financial and economic crisis, with implications for all sectors of society, particularly education. Salary cuts, high rates of unemployment, high taxation and worsening career progression are just some ways in which the teaching profession has been affected. Recent policy changes have also…

  7. Preserving Plurilingualism: A Case Study of Emerging Language Policy in a Small Polytechnic Institute in Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arau Ribeiro, María del Carmen

    2013-01-01

    Some policy is first created then implemented. Other policy has a way of making itself known through the back door. This article describes the implementation of a slowly emerging language policy at the Polytechnic Institute of Guarda, Portugal, starting before the Bologna Process led to curricular reform and a restructured social balance in higher…

  8. Português do Brasil e português de Portugal: diferenças

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ermínio Rodrigues

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available

    Analisamos, a partir da última reimpressão do dicionário de Collins — Portuguese- English, English-Portuguese Dictionary —, algumas diferenças, principalmente lexicais, entre o Português do Brasil e o Português de Portugal.

  9. The dynamics of cork oak systems in Portugal: the role of ecological and land use factors

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Acácio, V.C.

    2009-01-01

    Vegetation degradation and desertification occur in many semiarid ecosystems worldwide, particularly in the Western Mediterranean Basin. A peculiar semiarid Mediterranean land use system dominates the landscape of southern Portugal where cork oak (Quercus suber) is the main tree species. This system

  10. Lessons Learnt from a Secondary School Sex Education Program in Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sousa, Ana Paula; Soares, Isabel; Vilar, Duarte

    2007-01-01

    Based on a developmental framework, a study was conducted in Portugal in two groups of youth in terms of relevant aspects related to adolescent psychosexual development: one group participated in an Experimental Project of Sex Education and Health Promotion during high school, whereas the other did not receive any formal sex education in school.…

  11. THE TOURISM POTENTIAL OF NORTHERN PORTUGAL AND ITS RELEVANCE FOR A REGIONAL BRANDING STRATEGY

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oliveira, Eduardo

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to explore a potential regional branding strategy for the northern part of Portugal, emphasizing the regional tourism potential. Furthermore, it aims to clarify the answers of the following research questions: i) is tourism a strategic domain with the potential to inte

  12. Uma Estranha Diáspora Rumo a Portugal: Judeus e Cristãos-Novos Reduzidos à Fé Católica no século XVII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Braga, Isabel M. R. Mendes Drumond

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available The present paper deals with a number of Jewish and new Christian people, descendants of Peninsular Jews, who arrived in Portugal in the 16th century and consequently converted to Catholicism. The source material used in this study are the Books of Converted Jews that belonged to the Holy Office of Inquisition. These books provide information on the nature of the people (age, status, birthplace, place of residence, the way they experienced their religion in different parts of Europe, and the true or apparently true reasons for their conversion.

    Este artículo aborda el tema de algunos judíos y cristianos nuevos descendientes de judíos peninsulares que, en el siglo XVII, llegaron a Portugal y se convirtieron al catolicismo. Las fuentes para este estudio son los libros de convertidos del Santo Oficio de la Inquisición. Éstos nos proporcionan datos acerca de las personas (edad, estado civil, lugar de nacimiento y de residencia y, especialmente, sobre la vivencia del judaísmo en diferentes partes de Europa, así como sobre las motivaciones, reales o aparentes, para la conversión.

  13. La aportación de Galicia a la Guerra de Secesión de Portugal (1640-1668)

    OpenAIRE

    Castilla Soto, Josefina; Cuba Regueira, Ana María

    1996-01-01

    Portugal había conservado, desde su anexión en 1580, bajo el reinado de Felipe II, sus propias instituciones, lo que le había permitido desarrollarse como una nación casi independiente. Contaba además con un importante imperio ultramarino del que obtenía grandes ventajas económicas. Olivares era plenamente consciente del valor que Portugal representaba en el ámbito de la Monarquía Hispánica. «Los reinos. Señor, de Portugal son, sin duda, de lo mejor que hay en España, así po...

  14. O Tribunal Europeu dos Direitos Humanos e Portugal: Uma revisão bibliográfica

    OpenAIRE

    Santos, Cecília MacDowell; Santos, Ana Cristina; Duarte, Madalena; Lima, Teresa Maneca

    2008-01-01

    Este artigo apresenta uma revisão crítica dos dados bibliográficos sobre o Tribunal Europeu dos Direitos Humanos (TEDH) e Portugal, recolhidos no âmbito do projecto de investigação "Reconstruindo Direitos Humanos pelo Uso Transnacional do Direito? Portugal e o Tribunal Europeu de Direitos Humanos", iniciado pelo Centro de Estudos Sociais em Outubro de 2007. Constatámos que há muitos estudos jurídicos e análises doutrinais do TEDH, alguns deles abordando casos contra Portugal apresentados ao T...

  15. Post-fire vegetation recovery in Portugal based on spot/vegetation data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gouveia, C.; Dacamara, C. C.; Trigo, R. M.

    2010-04-01

    A procedure is presented that allows identifying large burned scars and the monitoring of vegetation recovery in the years following major fire episodes. The procedure relies on 10-day fields of Maximum Value Composites of Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (MVC-NDVI), with a 1 km×1 km spatial resolution obtained from the VEGETATION instrument. The identification of fire scars during the extremely severe 2003 fire season is performed based on cluster analysis of NDVI anomalies that persist during the vegetative cycle of the year following the fire event. Two regions containing very large burned scars were selected, located in Central and Southwestern Portugal, respectively, and time series of MVC-NDVI analysed before the fire events took place and throughout the post-fire period. It is shown that post-fire vegetation dynamics in the two selected regions may be characterised based on maps of recovery rates as estimated by fitting a monoparametric model of vegetation recovery to MVC-NDVI data over each burned scar. Results indicated that the recovery process in the region located in Central Portugal is mostly related to fire damage rather than to vegetation density before 2003, whereas the latter seems to have a more prominent role than vegetation conditions after the fire episode, e.g. in the case of the region in Southwestern Portugal. These differences are consistent with the respective predominant types of vegetation. The burned area located in Central Portugal is dominated by Pinus Pinaster whose natural regeneration crucially depends on the destruction of seeds present on the soil surface during the fire, whereas the burned scar in Southwestern Portugal was populated by Eucalyptus that may quickly re-sprout from buds after fire. Besides its simplicity, the monoparametric model of vegetation recovery has the advantage of being easily adapted to other low-resolution satellite data, as well as to other types of vegetation indices.

  16. Electricity consumption and economic growth nexus in Portugal using cointegration and causality approaches

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shahbaz, Muhammad [COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Lahore (Pakistan); Tang, Chor Foon, E-mail: tcfoon@yahoo.com [Department of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Administration, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia); Shahbaz Shabbir, Muhammad [University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Champaign (United States)

    2011-06-15

    The aim of this paper is to re-examine the relationship between electricity consumption, economic growth, and employment in Portugal using the cointegration and Granger causality frameworks. This study covers the sample period from 1971 to 2009. We examine the presence of a long-run equilibrium relationship using the bounds testing approach to cointegration within the Unrestricted Error-Correction Model (UECM). Moreover, we examine the direction of causality between electricity consumption, economic growth, and employment in Portugal using the Granger causality test within the Vector Error-Correction Model (VECM). As a summary of the empirical findings, we find that electricity consumption, economic growth, and employment in Portugal are cointegrated and there is bi-directional Granger causality between the three variables in the long-run. With the exception of the Granger causality between electricity consumption and economic growth, the rest of the variables are also bi-directional Granger causality in the short-run. Furthermore, we find that there is unidirectional Granger causality running from economic growth to electricity consumption, but no evidence of reversal causality. - Highlights: > We re-examine the relationship between electricity consumption, economic growth, and employment in Portugal. > The electricity consumption and economic growth is causing each other in the long-run. > In the short-run, economic growth Granger-cause electricity consumption, but no evidence of reversal causality. > Energy conservation policy will deteriorate the process of economic growth in the long-run. > Portugal should increase investment on R and D to design new energy savings technology.

  17. Post-fire vegetation recovery in Portugal based ewline on spot/vegetation data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Gouveia

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available A procedure is presented that allows identifying large burned scars and the monitoring of vegetation recovery in the years following major fire episodes. The procedure relies on 10-day fields of Maximum Value Composites of Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (MVC-NDVI, with a 1 km×1 km spatial resolution obtained from the VEGETATION instrument. The identification of fire scars during the extremely severe 2003 fire season is performed based on cluster analysis of NDVI anomalies that persist during the vegetative cycle of the year following the fire event. Two regions containing very large burned scars were selected, located in Central and Southwestern Portugal, respectively, and time series of MVC-NDVI analysed before the fire events took place and throughout the post-fire period. It is shown that post-fire vegetation dynamics in the two selected regions may be characterised based on maps of recovery rates as estimated by fitting a monoparametric model of vegetation recovery to MVC-NDVI data over each burned scar. Results indicated that the recovery process in the region located in Central Portugal is mostly related to fire damage rather than to vegetation density before 2003, whereas the latter seems to have a more prominent role than vegetation conditions after the fire episode, e.g. in the case of the region in Southwestern Portugal. These differences are consistent with the respective predominant types of vegetation. The burned area located in Central Portugal is dominated by Pinus Pinaster whose natural regeneration crucially depends on the destruction of seeds present on the soil surface during the fire, whereas the burned scar in Southwestern Portugal was populated by Eucalyptus that may quickly re-sprout from buds after fire. Besides its simplicity, the monoparametric model of vegetation recovery has the advantage of being easily adapted to other low-resolution satellite data, as well as to other types of vegetation

  18. Trends in gastric cancer mortality and in the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection in Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morais, Samantha; Ferro, Ana; Bastos, Ana; Castro, Clara; Lunet, Nuno; Peleteiro, Bárbara

    2016-07-01

    Portugal has the highest gastric cancer mortality rates in Western Europe, along with high prevalences of Helicobacter pylori infection. Monitoring their trends is essential to predict the burden of this cancer. We aimed to quantify time trends in gastric cancer mortality in Portugal and in each administrative region, and to compute short-term predictions, as well as to describe the prevalence of H. pylori infection, through a systematic review. Joinpoint analyses were used to identify significant changes in sex-specific trends in gastric cancer age-standardized mortality rates (ASMR) and to estimate annual percent changes (APC). The most recent trends were considered to compute estimates up to 2020 by adjusting Poisson regression models. We searched PubMed and IndexRMP to identify studies carried out in Portugal reporting the prevalence of H. pylori. Gastric cancer mortality has been decreasing in Portugal since 1971 in men (from ASMR=55.3/100 000; APC=-2.4, 95% confidence interval: -2.5 to -2.3) and since 1970 in women (from ASMR=28.0/100 000; APC=-2.8, 95% confidence interval: -2.9 to -2.7), although large regional differences were observed. Predicted ASMR for 2015 and 2020 were 18.8/100 000 and 16.7/100 000 for men and 8.5/100 000 and 7.4/100 000 for women, respectively. The prevalence of H. pylori varied from almost 5% at 0.5-2 years to just over 90% at 70 years or more. No consistent variation was observed since the 1990s. The downward trends in mortality rates are expected to remain in the next decades. The high prevalence of H. pylori infection across age groups and studies from different periods shows a large potential for decrease in the burden of gastric cancer in Portugal.

  19. Factores associados à hipertensão arterial nos utentes de farmácias em Portugal Factores asociados con la hipertensión arterial en los usuarios de farmacias en Portugal Factors associated with arterial hypertension in pharmacy users in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sofia de Oliveira-Martins

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Estimar a prevalência, tratamento e controlo da hipertensão e identificar factores associados em utentes de farmácias comunitárias. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal com 1.042 utentes de 40 a 65 anos em 60 farmácias comunitárias de Portugal Continental entre outubro de 2005 e janeiro de 2006. Os dados foram obtidos pela aplicação de questionário e medição de parâmetros biológicos. Foram realizadas três regressões logísticas sequenciais para verificar associação entre as variáveis. RESULTADOS: A idade média foi de 53,7 anos e a razão homem/mulher foi 0,68. A prevalência da hipertensão arterial foi de 54,8%. Cerca de 70% dos hipertensos encontravam-se sob tratamento anti-hipertensivo e, destes, 47,7% estavam controlados. A hipertensão esteve positivamente associada à idade mais elevada, sexo masculino, ser casado, apresentar índice de massa corporal e nível de colesterol total mais alto, ser diabético, ter doença cardiovascular pessoal ou familiar precoce e reportar mais consultas médicas por ano. A hipertensão tratada mostrou-se positivamente associada a ser mulher, não casado, ser diabético, viver numa área urbana e reportar mais de três consultas médicas por ano. Nos hipertensos tratados, estar controlado foi positivamente associado a ter comportamento aderente à terapêutica anti-hipertensiva (auto-reporte, percepcionar o efeito desta medicação e ser de baixo risco cardiovascular. Os modelos preditivos apresentaram áreas sob as respectivas curvas ROC entre 0,72 e 0,78, com capacidade discriminatória aceitável. CONCLUSÕES: A prevalência da hipertensão foi elevada, mas similar à encontrada em outros estudos realizados em Portugal. A proporção de doentes tratados foi satisfatória, em contraste com o nível insuficiente de controlo.OBJETIVO: Estimar la prevalencia de la hipertensión, tratamiento y control, así como identificar factores asociados en usuarios de farmacias comunitarias. M

  20. Turismo Médico em Portugal: oportunidade vs desafio

    OpenAIRE

    Bento, Lara Andreia Maurício São

    2014-01-01

    O conceito de Turismo Médico (TM) é algo que faz parte da História da Humanidade, pois assistiu-se ao longo desta a um fluxo de pessoas que se deslocavam para outros locais em busca de tratamentos. Mas devido às alterações no mundo contemporâneo, assiste-se ao fomento da globalização e consequentemente à proliferação dos serviços de Saúde. O TM está apresentar um crescimento significativo nestas duas últimas décadas devido a uma demanda de pacientes que estão dispostos a viajar para outros pa...