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Sample records for acute pleuropulmonary complications

  1. Pleuropulmonary blastoma presenting as a complicated pleural effusion.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    O'Brien, J

    2012-02-01

    Pleuropulmonary blastoma (PPB) is a rare tumour of mesenchymal cells. We present a case of PPB in a child, which presented to the emergency department with an extensive pleural effusion. We discuss the radiological features, pathology, classification and treatment of this condition. This case reiterates the importance of considering this diagnosis prior to surgical intervention, to improve the long term prognosis of this aggressive disease.

  2. [Anesthesia in the pleuropulmonary complications surgery of tuberculosis: a 79 cases study].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kane, O; Diouf, E; Beye, M D; Diarra, O; Ndoye Diop, M; Diouf, M; Ndiaye, M; Ka Sall, B

    2003-01-01

    Reported is a retrospective study carried out from Aristide Le Dantec Hospital in patients who underwent pleuropulmonary surgery after tuberculosis complication, from June 1995 to June 1999. The aim of this study was to evaluate the anaesthesiology procedures and outcomes of tuberculosis pleuropulmonary complications surgery. Seventy nine patients were studied. Their mean age was 34.63 years, and the sex ratio was 3.14. They all underwent general anaesthesia procedures with barbituric, morphinics et myorelaxants drugs. The peroperative complications noted were distributed as follow: 50 cases of haemorrhage needing transfusion, 18 cases of hypotension associated to the anaesthesia. In the intensive care period, we have noticed 30 atelectasia cases associated to a spastic bronchopathy, 3 cases of pulmonary oedema and 1 case of pulmonary infarctus. In the postoperative period, 8 cases of hemodynamic instability occurred, including 5 cases of cardiovascular collapsus treated by filling, and 2 septic shocks cases. An infectious bronchopneumopathy was noticed on 11 patients with two cases of septicaemia. The mortality rate was 6.3% (5 cases of death). The pleuropulmonary surgery in tuberculosis complication is very haemorrhagic, and therefore require an adequate preoperative preparation.

  3. Pleuropulmonary amebiasis

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    Lee, Dong Hoon; Suh, Soo Ji; Ra, Woo Youn; Woo, Won Hyung [Kyungpook National University, School of Medicine, Taegu (Korea, Republic of)

    1972-03-15

    Nineteen cases of pleuropulmonary amebiasis was proved by needle aspiration or surgery as complication of amebic liver abscess during the period from June, 1969 to August, 1971 at Kyungpook National University Hospital. The results obtained are as follows: 1. Male to female ratio was about 3:1 and most of cases belonged to the 4th through 6th decades. 2. The most frequent complaint was upper abdominal pain and the most frequent abnormal physical finding was hepatomegaly. 3. Abnormalities seen in the chest films were: (a) Elevation of right diaphragm: (b) Empyema and (c) Pulmonary consolidation. 4. The pleuropulmonary amebiasis was seen in 26% of amebic liver abscess.

  4. Acute pleuropulmonary complications detected by computed tomography following myocardial revascularization Cirurgia de revascularização do miocárdio: complicações pleuro-pulmonares agudas caracterizadas por tomografia computadorizada de tórax

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco S. Vargas

    2002-08-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Pleuropulmonary changes are common following coronary artery bypass grafting surgery performed with a saphenous vein graft, with or without an internal mammary artery. The presence of atelectasis or pleural effusions reflects the thoracic trauma. PURPOSE: To define the postoperative incidence of changes in the lung and in the pleural space and to evaluate the influence of the trauma. METHODS: Thirty patients underwent elective coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (8 saphenous vein grafts and 22 saphenous vein grafts and internal mammary artery grafts with pleurotomy. Chest tubes in the left pleural space were used in all internal mammary artery patients. On the second (day 2 and seventh (day 7 postoperative day, patients underwent a computed tomography, and pleural effusions were rated as follows: grade 0 = no fluid to grade 4 = fluid in more than 75% of the hemithorax. Atelectasis was rated as follows: laminar = 1, segmental = 3, and lobar = 10 points. RESULTS: All patients had pleural effusion or atelectasis. Between day 2 and day 7, the number of patients with effusions or atelectasis on the right side decreased (P INTRODUÇÃO: O comprometimento pleuro-pulmonar é freqüente após cirurgia de revascularização do miocárdio independente do uso de veia safena ou de artéria mamária interna. A presença de atelectasias e derrame pleural tem sido atribuída ao trauma torácico. OBJETIVOS: Definir a incidência do comprometimento pleuro-pulmonar observado através de tomografia computadorizada, analisando a influência do trauma no desenvolvimento destas complicações. MÉTODOS: Trinta pacientes foram submetidos a cirurgia eletiva de revascularização do miocárdio (8 safena e 22 também mamária com pleurotomia. Foi drenada a cavidade pleural esquerda de todos os pacientes do grupo mamária. Realizada Tomografia Computadorizada do tórax no 2º e 7º dias pós-op, avaliando-se o derrame pleural (0: sem líquido e 4: derrame

  5. Diagnostic accuracy of low-mA chest CT reconstructed with Model Based Iterative Reconstruction in the detection of early pleuro-pulmonary complications following a lung transplantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Debray, Marie-Pierre; Dauriat, Gaëlle; Khalil, Antoine; Leygnac, Sebastien; Tubiana, Sarah; Grandjean, Albane; Schouman-Claeys, Elisabeth; Laissy, Jean-Pierre; Ou, Phalla

    2016-09-01

    To assess the accuracy of reduced-dose, low-mA chest CT (RD-CT) reconstructed with model-based iterative reconstruction (MBIR) in detecting usual early complications following pulmonary transplantation, as compared to standard-dose chest CT (SD-CT) reconstructed with adaptative statistical iterative reconstruction (ASIR). Our institutional review board approved this prospective study and patients provided written informed consent. Two thoracic radiologists independently evaluated 47 examinations performed routinely in 20 patients during 6 months following lung transplantation for the detection and/or evolution of usual pleuropulmonary complications and for subjective image quality. Each examination consisted of successive acquisition of unenhanced SD-CT (100-120 kV, noise index 45, ASIR) and RD-CT (100 kV, 16-24mAs/slice, MBIR). Mean CTDIvol was 4.12 ± 0.88 and 0.65 ± 0.09 mGy for SD-CT and RD-CT, respectively. Complications were found in 40/47 (85 %) examinations. Sensitivity and negative predictive value of RD-CT were 92-100 % for the detection of pneumonia, fungal infection, pleural effusion, pneumothorax, and bronchial dehiscence or stenosis, as compared to SD-CT. Image quality of RD-CT was graded good for 81 % of examinations. MBIR-RD-CT is accurate, as compared to SD-CT, for delineating most usual pleuropulmonary complications during the 6 months following pulmonary transplantation and might be used routinely for the early monitoring of pulmonary allografts. • Early chest complications are frequent following a pulmonary transplantation • CT has a key role for their detection and follow-up • Low-mAMBIR CT is accurate for monitoring most lung allograft early pleuropulmonary complications • MBIR chest CT allows a six-fold dose reduction compared to standard CT.

  6. Pleuropulmonary manifestation of paragonimiasis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Im, Jung Gi; Kim, Sang Joon; Han, Man Chung [Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1988-08-15

    Chest radiographic findings of 47 patients with pleuropulmonary paragonimiasis were analysed retrospectively. The diagnosis was based on the presence of Paragonimus Westermani (PW) ova from sputum, bronchial washing or needle aspirates (23 patients), PW specific antibody test by micro-ELISA (22 patients) and compliment fixation test (3 patients). 85% of the patients (40/47) showed pulmonary lesion such as focal air space consolidation (24), thin walled cysts (21), transient linear density in early active stage (18), nodular density (12) and burrow tracts (7). CT scans of 6 patients showed worm cysts and burrow tracts clearly and were also helpful in differentiating from lung cancer. 62% of the patients showed pleural lesion such as pleural effusion (17, bilateral in 4 patients), hydropneumothorax (8, bilateral in 6 patients) and pleural thickening (4). Thin walled cysts, migrating nature of the focal patchy pulmonary infiltration, transient linear shadow in the lung periphery, soap bubble appearenced cystic cavities, bilateral spontaneous pneumothoraces are the typical findings of pleuropulmonary paragonimiasis.

  7. Pleuropulmonary Blastoma: a Clinicopathological Analysis

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    Jun GAO

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Background and objective Pleuropulmonary blastoma (PPB is a rare malignant tumor with unique clinicopathological features. The aim of this study is to investigate the clinicopathological features, the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of pleuropulmonary blastoma. Methods Five cases of PPB were analyzed by light microscopy, immunohistochemistry and their clinical data, and the relative literatures were reviewed. Results Five cases of patients suffered from PPB were aged from 21 to 47 months (mean 32.8 months. Most of the masses were located in the thoracic cavities and 4 cases accompanied with pleural effusions. Histologically, these tumors included 1 case of type I PPB which showed pure cystic architecture; 2 cases were type II PPB which showed cystic and solid masses accompanied with rhabdomyoblastic differentiation and nodules of cartilage; the other 2 cases were type III PPB and characterized by absolute solid masses with anaplastic undifferentiated sarcomatous components. Immunohistochemical studies showed that tumor cells were positive for Vimentin and some for Desmin and Myogenin, the nodules of cartilage were positive for S-100. The tumor cells were negative for PCK, EMA and CD99. Conclusion Pleuropulmonary blastoma is a rare and highly aggressive malignancy arising in the lung and pleural of infancy and early childhood. The type I, II and III PPB have unique clinicopathological features respectively. This kind of tumor should be distinguished from some benign and malignant diseases such as congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation (CCAM and embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma.

  8. Pleuropulmonary blastoma: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ekmekci, Sümeyye; Aysal, Anıl; Olgun, Nur; Olguner, Mustafa; Çakmakci, Handan; Özer, Erdener

    2015-01-01

    Pleuropulmonary blastoma is rare embryonal tumor of infancy and early childhood and it often arises from lung and more rarely from the parietal pleura. We present this entity which has no systematic data associated with its incidence in order to discuss clinical, histopathological, immunohistochemical features and the differential diagnosis. A three-year-old boy presented with fever showed signs of upper respiratory tract infection. Radiological examination revealed a solid mass filling the right hemithorax. The patient underwent core needle biopsy, wedge biopsy and lobectomy. Biopsy and surgical material were examined histopathologically. The tumor was composed of predominantly solid areas consisting blastemal cells with spindle, polygonal and round nuclei in the myxoid stroma. Immunohistochemical staining of the tumor cells were positive with vimentin and desmin. MIB-1 labeling index was above 90%. Histological diagnosis was pleuropulmonary blastoma type 3. The surgically sampled adjacent diafragma was also infiltrated with the tumor. The patient was treated with chemotherapy and showed no signs of recurrence in the follow-up of 9 months. Pleuropulmonary blastoma is a very rare childhood cancer that needs to be kept in mind in the pathological differential diagnosis of thoracic tumors in the children.

  9. Acute acalculous cholecystitis complicating chemotherapy for acute myeloblastic leukemia

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    Olfa Kassar

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Acute acalculous cholecystitis is a rare complication in the treatment of acute myeloblastic leukemia. Diagnosis of acute acalculous cholecystitis remains difficult during neutropenic period. We present two acute myeloblastic leukemia patients that developed acute acalculous cholecystitis during chemotherapy-induced neutropenia. They suffered from fever, vomiting and acute pain in the epigastrium. Ultrasound demonstrated an acalculous gallbladder. Surgical management was required in one patient and conservative treatment was attempted in the other patient. None treatment measures were effective and two patients died. Acute acalculous cholecystitis is a serious complication in neutropenic patients. Earlier diagnosis could have expedited the management of these patients.

  10. Heart failure-complicating acute myocardial infarction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aronow, Wilbert S

    2007-10-01

    This article addresses issues related to acute myocardial infarction (MI) complicated by heart failure, particularly in elderly patients. Findings have shown that acute MI complicated by congestive heart failure (CHF) is associated with a high mortality, and that women with acute MI are more likely to be older and to develop CHF than men with acute MI. In general, management of CHF complicating acute MI is similar in older and younger patients. Actions discussed include hemodynamic monitoring; the administration of oxygen; and the use of morphine, diuretics, nitroglycerin, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, angiotensin II receptor blockers, spironolactone, beta-blockers, calcium channel blockers, magnesium, digoxin, and positive inotropic drugs. The article also discusses measures for treating arrhythmias and for diagnosing mechanical complications.

  11. Heart-failure-complicating acute myocardial infarction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aronow, Wilbert S

    2007-02-01

    This article addresses issues related to acute myocardial infarction(MI) complicated by heart failure, particularly in elderly patients. Findings have shown that acute MI complicated by congestive heart failure (CHF) is associated with a high mortality, and that women with acute MI are more likely to be older and to develop CHF than men with acute MI. In general, management of CHF-complicating acute MI is similar in older and younger patients. Actions discussed include hemodynamic monitoring; the administration of oxygen; and the use of morphine, diuretics, nitroglycerin,angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, angiotensin II receptor blockers, spironolactone, beta-blockers, calcium channel blockers, magnesium, digoxin, and positive inotropic drugs. The article also discusses measures for treating arrhythmias and for diagnosing mechanical complications.

  12. Biventricular thrombi complicating acute myocardial infarction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanghvi, Sanjeev; Baroopal, Anil; Sarda, Pawan

    2016-09-01

    A rare case of biventricular thrombi complicating acute myocardial infarction detected during echocardiography is described. Copyright © 2016 Cardiological Society of India. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  13. Acute complicated diverticulitis managed by laparoscopic lavage

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alamili, Mahdi; Gögenur, Ismail; Rosenberg, Jacob

    2009-01-01

    PURPOSE: The classic surgical treatment of acute complicated sigmoid diverticulitis with peritonitis is often a two-stage operation with colon resection and a temporary stoma. This approach is associated with high mortality and morbidity and the reversal of the stoma is in many cases not performed...... because of concurrent diseases and age. Recently, several studies have experimented with laparoscopic lavage as a treatment of acute complicated diverticulitis. The aim of this review was to give an overview of the literature for this new approach and to determine the safety compared with Hartmann......'s procedure for patients with acute complicated sigmoid diverticulitis. METHODS: A PubMed search was performed for publications between 1990 and May 2008. The terms acute, perforated, diverticulitis, lavage, drainage, and laparoscopy were used in combination. The EMBASE and Cochrane databases were also...

  14. Pleuropulmonary paragonimiasis: mimicker of tuberculosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lall, Mahima; Sahni, Ajay Kumar; Rajput, A K

    2013-01-01

    Infection caused by the lung fluke is endemic in north eastern parts of India. Paragonimus westermani and Paragonimus heterotremus are known to be endemic in eastern Indian states of Manipur and Nagaland. The infection is related to eating habits of the locals and is acquired by ingestion of raw, inadequately cooked crabs or crayfish containing encysted metacercariae which act as second intermediate hosts during the life cycle of the lung fluke. Diagnosis is generally delayed due to lack of suspicion and presentation similar to tuberculosis which is endemic in the population. We report pleuropulmonary paragonimiasis in a soldier from eastern India who presented with chest pain, haemoptysis, and eosinophilia. He gave history of consumption of raw crabs while on leave at his native village in Nagaland. Ova morphologically resembling Paragonimus heterotremus were detected in sputum and bronchoalveolar lavage specimen. Symptoms resolved with praziquantel treatment.

  15. Orbital and intracranial complications after acute rhinosinusitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kastner, Jan; Taudy, Milos; Lisy, Jiri; Grabec, Paul; Betka, Jan

    2010-12-01

    Nowadays, intracranial abscess is a rare complication of acute rhinosinusitis. The consequent orbital and intracranial complications of acute rhinosinusitis are rare but must be mutually excluded in complicated rhinosinusitis even when proper surgical and medical treatment tend to efficiently heal the orbital complication. We report a case of a patient who primarily revealed symptoms of orbitocellulitis as a complication of odontogenous rhinosinusitis. Proper diagnostic and therapeutical measures were undertaken to manage the disease immediately after stationary admission. Two weeks after an inconspicuous healing period, hemiparesis due to formation of an intracranial abscess developed. An emergent situation reveals which was unusual to the clinical situation. The possible role of underlying mechanisms of intracranial abscess formation is discussed and review of literature concerning orbital and intracranial rhinosinusitis complications is performed. The correct indication of imaging methods and accurate evaluation of diminutive symptoms are essential. We assume that performance of a complementary CT of the brain or MRI even when previous CT scan of the orbit/paranasal sinuses reveals no cerebral pathology should be done to avoid or minimize future patients with consecutive orbital and intracranial complications of acute rhinosinusitis.

  16. Acute Central Nervous System Complications in Pediatric Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia.

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    Baytan, Birol; Evim, Melike Sezgin; Güler, Salih; Güneş, Adalet Meral; Okan, Mehmet

    2015-10-01

    The outcome of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia has improved because of intensive chemotherapy and supportive care. The frequency of adverse events has also increased, but the data related to acute central nervous system complications during acute lymphoblastic leukemia treatment are sparse. The purpose of this study is to evaluate these complications and to determine their long term outcome. We retrospectively analyzed the hospital reports of 323 children with de novo acute lymphoblastic leukemia from a 13-year period for acute neurological complications. The central nervous system complications of leukemic involvement, peripheral neuropathy, and post-treatment late-onset encephalopathy, and neurocognitive defects were excluded. Twenty-three of 323 children (7.1%) suffered from central nervous system complications during acute lymphoblastic leukemia treatment. The majority of these complications (n = 13/23; 56.5%) developed during the induction period. The complications included posterior reversible encephalopathy (n = 6), fungal abscess (n = 5), cerebrovascular lesions (n = 5), syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone (n = 4), and methotrexate encephalopathy (n = 3). Three of these 23 children (13%) died of central nervous system complications, one from an intracranial fungal abscess and the others from intracranial thrombosis. Seven of the survivors (n = 7/20; 35%) became epileptic and three of them had also developed mental and motor retardation. Acute central neurological complications are varied and require an urgent approach for proper diagnosis and treatment. Collaboration among the hematologist, radiologist, neurologist, microbiologist, and neurosurgeon is essential to prevent fatal outcome and serious morbidity. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. Complications of acute rhinosinusitis in The Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hansen, F. S.; Hoffmans, R.; Georgalas, C.; Fokkens, W. J.

    2012-01-01

    Background. Despite the evidence demonstrating that antibiotics are of little benefit in acute rhinosinusitis (ARS), GPs continue to prescribe them, possibly in an attempt to prevent potentially dangerous complications. In this study, we present epidemiological data about the incidence, course and

  18. Pleuropulmonary paragonimiasis with intrathoracic mass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mizutani, Eiki; Morita, Riichiro; Hanaoka, Shigenori; Okochi, Yasumi; Tokuda, Hitoshi; Kitamura, Shigehiro

    2010-12-01

    Pleuropulmonary paragonimiasis is a food-borne parasitic disease caused by the lung fluke Paragonimus westermani or other species of Paragonimus, which is endemic in Southeast Asia. It presents mainly pleural effusion or intrapulmonary nodules with respiratory symptoms. However, here we describe an exceedingly rare case of Paragonimus westermani with a mass in the pleural cavity. A 47-year-old man, who had presented with chest pain nine months earlier, was found to have right pleural effusion on detection survey computed tomography. He had a history of asbestos exposure and river fishing as a hobby and was confirmed to have Paragonimus westermani by immunodiagnosis. Because of a high level of hyaluronic acid in pleural effusion, he underwent a thoracoscopic examination. The pleura of the thoracic wall thickened greatly and showed no malignant lesion on biopsy. A white mass measuring 8 cm in diameter showed in the pleural cavity, which partially connected with the diaphragm and pulmonary pleura of the lower lobe. The postoperative pathological examination reported that the intrathoracic mass was a lesion that contained necrotic tissue enveloped with a fibrin capsule, which was thought to be formed by paragonimus.

  19. Heart Failure Complicating Acute Mtyocardial Infarction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aronow, Wilbert S

    2017-07-01

    Factors predisposing the older person with acute myocardial infarction (MI) to develop heart failure (HF) include an increased prevalence of MI, multivessel coronary artery disease, decreased left ventricular (LV) contractile reserve, impairment of LV diastolic relaxation, increased hypertension, LV hypertrophy, diabetes mellitus, valvular heart disease, and renal insufficiency. HF associated with acute MI should be treated with a loop diuretic. The use of nitrates, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, angiotensin II receptor blockers, aldosterone antagonists, beta-blockers, digoxin, and positive inotropic drugs; treatment of arrhythmias and mechanical complications; and indications for use of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators and cardiac resynchronization is discussed. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Characteristics, Complications, and Treatment of Acute Pericarditis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kloos, Janet A

    2015-12-01

    Acute pericarditis occurs most frequently after a viral attack. Other causes are autoimmune conditions, infection, chest trauma, cardiac surgery, or cardiac procedure. The presenting symptom is retrosternal chest pain. A pericardial rub is characteristic. Diffuse upward sloping ST segments are found with electrocardiogram. Pericardial effusions may be demonstrated with an echocardiogram. High-dose nonsteroidal antiinflammatory medications are the primary treatment. Adding colchicine reduces recurrence. It responds well to pharmacologic therapy within 1 to 2 weeks. Monitoring for complications is essential. The most serious complication is cardiac tamponade. For this, prompt diagnosis and treatment can be life-saving. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. Acute pancreatitis complicating acute hepatitis A virus infection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    El-Sayed, Rokaya; El-Karaksy, Hanaa

    2012-12-01

    Acute pancreatitis complicating acute hepatitis A is very rare especially in children. We report here an 11 year old female patient with picture of acute hepatitis proved to be caused by hepatitis A. One week later patient's condition worsened, she was jaundiced, with persistent vomiting and looked acutely ill and uncomfortable with severe steady abdominal pain mainly in the epigastrium and upper quadrants. Acute pancreatitis was suspected and proved by a clinical picture associated with elevated serum amylase and serum lipase and by MRCP. The patient was managed conservatively with gradual clinical and laboratory improvement, and she was discharged after one week in a good clinical condition. Copyright © 2012 Arab Journal of Gastroenterology. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  2. A Rare Complication of Tuberculosis: Acute Paraplegia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aydın, Teoman; Taşpınar, Özgür; Keskin, Yasar; Kepekçi, Müge; Güneşer, Meryem; Çamlı, Adil; Seyithanoğlu, Hakan; Kızıltan, Huriye; Eriş, Ali Hikmet

    2016-07-01

    Tuberculous radiculomyelitis(TBRM) is one of the complications of neurological tuberculosis and includes cases of arachnoiditis, intradural spinal tuberculoma or granuloma, and spinal cord complications of tuberculous meningitis (TBM). Here, we report a case of TBRM which presented with acute paraplegia. Neurological examination on admission revealed flaccid paralysis, bilateral extensor plantar responses, and exaggerated deep tendon reflexes. Cerebrospinal fluid analysis showed xanthochromic fluid that contained 600 cells/mm3, 98% lymphocytes, protein 318 mg/dl and glucose 51 mg/dl (blood glucose 118 mg/dl). On thorax CT, calcified lymph nodes that were sequelae of primary tuberculosis infection was detected. Antituberculosis and intravenous corticosteroids treatment was started. Seven weeks from the onset, on-control spinal MRI myelomalacia was determined, and there was no leptomeningeal enhancement. After six weeks of rehabilitation, lower limb total motor score was increased from 0/50 to 15/50. Tuberculous radiculomyelitis is a complication of TBM. It is rarely seen.

  3. Acute liver failure complicating viral hepatitis A

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Rui Diniz-Santos

    Full Text Available Hepatitis A is one of the most frequent infectious liver diseases affecting children worldwide. The disease is usually mild and self-limited, and complications are very rare. Nevertheless, hepatitis A can sometimes cause acute liver failure (ALF, a severe, life-threatening condition. Herein is reported a case of a child who presented ALF during a course of hepatitis A. The need for early identification of possible ALF cases among hepatitis A patients, and for effective ways of evaluating such a possibility, are discussed. We also emphasize the importance of prevention measures, especially vaccination.

  4. [Complicated acute apendicitis. Open versus laparoscopic surgery].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gil Piedra, Francisco; Morales García, Dieter; Bernal Marco, José Manuel; Llorca Díaz, Javier; Marton Bedia, Paula; Naranjo Gómez, Angel

    2008-06-01

    Although laparoscopy has become the standard approach in other procedures, this technique is not generally accepted for acute appendicitis, especially if it is complicated due reports on the increase in intra-abdominal abscesses. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the morbidity in a group of patients diagnosed with complicated apendicitis (gangrenous or perforated) who had undergone open or laparoscopic appendectomy. We prospectively studied 107 patients who had undergone appendectomy for complicated appendicitis over a two year period. Mean operation time, mean hospital stay and morbidity, such as wound infection and intra-abdominal abscess were evaluated. In the group with gangrenous appendicitis morbidity was significantly lower in laparoscopic appendectomy group (p = 0.014). Wound infection was significantly higher in the open appendectomy group (p = 0.041), and there were no significant differences in intra-abdominal abscesses (p = 0.471). In the perforated appendicitis group overall morbidity (p = 0.046) and wound infection (p = 0.004) was significantly higher in the open appendectomy group. There were no significant differences in intra-abdominal abscesses (p = 0.612). These results suggest that laparoscopic appendectomy for complicated appendicitis is a safe procedure that may prove to have significant clinical advantages over conventional surgery.

  5. Laparoscopic appendectomy for complicated acute appendicitis does not result in increased surgical complications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yueh-Ming Lin

    2012-07-01

    Conclusion: This study demonstrated no increase in surgical complications after LA in patients with complicated acute appendicitis when compared with those who had uncomplicated disease. Therefore, LA may be considered the first-choice treatment option for both uncomplicated and complicated acute appendicitis.

  6. Cardiac Complications in Acute Ischemic Stroke

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    Christopher Lewandowski

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: To characterize cardiac complications in acute ischemic stroke (AIS patients admitted from an urban emergency department (ED. Methods: Retrospective cross-sectional study evaluating AIS patients admitted from the ED within 24 hours of symptom onset who also had an echocardiogram performed within 72 hours of admission. Results: Two hundred AIS patients were identified with an overall in-hospital mortality rate of 8% (n¼ 16. In our cohort, 57 (28.5% of 200 had an ejection fraction less than 50%, 35 (20.4% of 171 had ischemic changes on electrocardiogram (ECG, 18 (10.5% of 171 presented in active atrial fibrillation, 21 (13.0% of 161 had serum troponin elevation, and 2 (1.1% of 184 survivors had potentially lethal arrhythmias on telemetry monitoring. Subgroup analysis revealed higher in-hospital mortality rates among those with systolic dysfunction (15.8% versus 4.9%; P ¼ 0.0180, troponin elevation (38.1% versus 3.4%; P , 0.0001, atrial fibrillation on ECG (33.3% versus 3.8%; P ¼ 0.0003, and ischemic changes on ECG (17.1% versus 6.1%; P ¼ 0.0398 compared with those without. Conclusion: A proportion of AIS patients may have cardiac complications. Systolic dysfunction, troponin elevation, atrial fibrillation, or ischemic changes on ECG may be associated with higher inhospital mortality rates. These findings support the adjunctive role of cardiac-monitoring strategies in the acute presentation of AIS. [West J Emerg Med. 2011;12(4:414–420.

  7. Acute phlegmonous gastritis complicated by delayed perforation.

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    Min, Sun Young; Kim, Yong Ho; Park, Won Seo

    2014-03-28

    Here, we report on a case of acute phlegmonous gastritis (PG) complicated by delayed perforation. A 51-year-old woman presented with severe abdominal pain and septic shock symptoms. A computed tomography scan showed diffuse thickening of the gastric wall and distention with peritoneal fluid. Although we did not find definite evidence of free air on the computed tomography (CT) scan, the patient's clinical condition suggested diffuse peritonitis requiring surgical intervention. Exploratory laparotomy revealed a thickened gastric wall with suppurative intraperitoneal fluid in which Streptococcus pyogenes grew. There was no evidence of gastric or duodenal perforation. No further operation was performed at that time. The patient was conservatively treated with antibiotics and proton pump inhibitor, and her condition improved. However, she experienced abdominal and flank pain again on postoperative day 10. CT and esophagogastroduodenoscopy showed a large gastric ulcer with perforation. Unfortunately, although the CT showed further improvement in the thickening of the stomach and the mucosal defect, the patient's condition did not recover until a week later, and an esophagogastroduodenoscopy taken on postoperative day 30 showed suspected gastric submucosal dissection. We performed total gastrectomy as a second operation, and the patient recovered without major complications. A pathological examination revealed a multifocal ulceration and necrosis from the mucosa to the serosa with perforation.

  8. Clinical experience of infective endocarditis complicated by acute cerebrovascular accidents

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Hsu, Chan-Yang; Chi, Nai-Hsin; Wang, Shoei-Shen; Chen, Yih-Sharng; Yu, Hsi-Yu

    ...) complicated by acute cerebrovascular accidents (CVAs). Methods: A total of 44 patients with IE complicated by CVA at admission were retrospectively analyzed in a single medical institute from 2005 to 2011...

  9. Acute pancreatitis complicating choledochal cysts in children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muthucumaru, Mathievathaniy; Ljuhar, Damir; Panabokke, Gayathri; Paul, Eldho; Nataraja, Ramesh; Ferguson, Peter; Dagia, Charuta; Clarnette, Tom; King, Sebastian

    2017-03-01

    To analyse the characteristics of patients with choledochal cysts presenting with acute pancreatitis. Multicenter retrospective review of all paediatric patients (pancreatitis, one having had an ante-natally diagnosed choledochal cyst. Patients presenting with pancreatitis were older when compared to the non-pancreatitis group (5.1 vs. 1.2 years, P = 0.005). Nine out of 16 (53%) patients with Type IV-A cysts presented with pancreatitis compared to five (33%) of Type I fusiform and three (17%) of Type I cystic. There was however no statistically significant association between Todani types and the development of pancreatitis (Type I fusiform, P = 1.0; Type I cystic, P = 0.063; Type IV-A, P = 0.053). The rate of complications was similar in both groups. Pancreatitis was a common presentation in children with a choledochal cyst, however, there was no clear statistically significant association with Todani types and pancreatitis. © 2016 Paediatrics and Child Health Division (The Royal Australasian College of Physicians).

  10. Pleural fluid characteristics of pleuropulmonary paragonimiasis masquerading as pleural tuberculosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hwang, Ki-Eun; Song, Hyo-Yeop; Jung, Jae-Wan; Oh, Su-Jin; Yoon, Kwon-Ha; Park, Do-Sim; Jeong, Eun-Taik; Kim, Hak-Ryul

    2015-01-01

    Pleuropulmonary paragonimiasis produces no specific symptoms or radiologic findings, allowing for the possibility of misdiagnosis. We evaluated the specific clinical and pleural fluid features of pleuropulmonary paragonimiasis masquerading as pleural tuberculosis. We retrospectively analyzed the clinical and radiologic characteristics of 20 patients diagnosed with pleuropulmonary paragonimiasis between 2001 and 2011. In total, 17 patients presented with respiratory symptoms, including dyspnea (30%), hemoptysis (20%), cough (20%), and pleuritic chest pain (15%). Chest radiographs revealed intrapulmonary parenchymal lesions, including air-space consolidation (30%), nodular opacities (20%), cystic lesions (15%), ground-glass opacities (10%), and pneumothorax (5%). A pleural fluid examination revealed eosinophilia, low glucose levels, and high lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels in 87%, 76%, and 88% of the patients, respectively. These traits helped to distinguish pleuropulmonary paragonimiasis from other pleural diseases such as parapneumonic effusion, malignancy, and pleural tuberculosis. Pleuropulmonary paragonimiasis is often initially misdiagnosed as other pleural diseases. Therefore, it is important to establish the correct diagnosis. In patients with unexplained pleural effusion living in paragonimiasis-endemic areas, pleural fluid obtained by thoracentesis should be examined to distinguish pleuropulmonary paragonimiasis. When marked eosinophilia, high LDH levels, and low glucose levels are identified in pleural fluid, physicians could consider a diagnosis of pleuropulmonary paragonimiasis.

  11. An Unusual Case of Colon Perforation Complicating Acute Pancreatitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anthony A. Aghenta

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Colonic complications of severe acute pancreatitis occur rarely. Although there have been several theories on how pancreatic pseudocysts rupture into the colon, the exact pathogenesis remains unknown. We report an unusual case of pseudocysts complicating severe acute pancreatitis presenting with colonic perforation in a 71-year-old man with a history of chronic mesenteric ischemia. Pressure effects from a giant pseudocyst and intravascular volume depletion with acute insult on chronic mesenteric ischemia are highlighted as possible etiologic factors.

  12. Alcohol abuse-related severe acute pancreatitis with rhabdomyolysis complications

    OpenAIRE

    SU, MAO-SHENG; JIANG, YING; YAN, XIAO-YUAN HU; ZHAO, QING-HUA; LIU, ZHI-WEI; ZHANG, WEN-ZHI; HE, LEI

    2012-01-01

    Non-traumatic rhabdomyolysis is a rare complication of acute pancreatitis. One of the major risk factors of both acute pancreatitis and rhabdomyolysis is alcohol abuse. However, only a few studies have reported the prognosis and association of severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) and rhabdomyolysis in alcohol abuse patients. In the present study, we report two cases presenting with SAP complicated by rhabdomyolysis following high-dose alcohol intake. The disease onset, clinical manifestations, lab...

  13. [Clinical analysis of orbital complications of acute rhinosinusitis in adults].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Na; Yu, Long-gang; Jiang, Yan; Han, Min; Chen, Min; Yan, Shu; Zhang, Xiao-wen

    2013-02-01

    To investigate the clinical features, diagnosis and therapy of surgical intervention for orbital complications of acute rhinosinusitis in adults. Four adults with orbital complications of acute rhinosinusitis were retrospectively reviewed. The patients underwent transnasal endoscopic sinus surgery or combined with eyebrow incision after conservative treatments failed. There were 2 cases with orbital abscess, 2 cases with subperiosteal abscess. Two of them suffered from diabetes. After operation, constitutional symptoms and ocular symptoms disappeared in all 4 patients. CT was rechecked during the postoperative follow-up. The imaging showed that the orbital and nasal lesions were obviously relieved or disappeared. The orbital complications of acute rhinosinusitis in adults are clinically rare. The patients are usually with low immunity or underlying conditions, such as diabetes. Based on the basis of controlling basic diseases, the treatment outcome of orbital complications of acute rhinosinusitis in adults is affirmative by surgery and conservative managements.

  14. Pneumomediastinum: Case report of a rare complication of acute ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... and massive swelling of the face, neck and trunk. A diagnosis of acute severe asthma complicated by subcutaneous emphysema and pneumomediastinum was made and the patient was managed conservatively using nebulized ipratromium bromide, inhaled salbutamol, parenteral steroid, oxygen and physiotherapy.

  15. Acute Necrotizing Pancreatitis Complicating Uteroplacental Apoplexy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chong-U Cheang

    2007-03-01

    Conclusion: Acute pancreatitis is difficult to diagnose during pregnancy. It presents as a systemic inflammatory response syndrome resulting in hemodynamic changes and may lead to abruptio placentae. Nonsurgical conservative treatment may be useful in such patients.

  16. Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy after acute stroke: complications and outcome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wijdicks, E F; McMahon, M M

    1999-01-01

    To review the complications and outcome of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy placement (PEG) in 74 patients with acute stroke. Medical record review and follow-up of patients with acute stroke admitted to a referral center. There were no immediate procedure-related complications. Late complications included aspiration pneumonia (11%), PEG occlusion and replacement (6%), accidental PEG removal (6%), wound infection (3%) and fatal gastrointestinal bleeding in 1 patient. In 18 patients (28%), PEG could be subsequently removed due to improvement in swallowing. PEG provides an effective alternative method of enteral feeding, but its impact on outcome remains uncertain. Late complications occurred in one third of the patients, but were seldom life threatening. Removal of the gastrostomy tube and resumption of oral feeding was possible in more than a quarter of the patients. All our patients who received PEG placement after acute stroke remained severely disabled; one third of the patients died from systemic complications of their stroke.

  17. Pneumomediastinum, bilateral pneumothorax and subcutaneous emphysema complicating acute silicosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramakant Dixit

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available A case of acute silicosis complicating as spontaneous pneumomediastinum, bilateral pneumothorax and subcutaneous emphysema is described in a 35-year-old male engaged in stone crusher unit. Diagnosis was established on clinical and radiological assessment and supported by occupational history of the patient. This case is unique one as all these 3 complications at the same time are very uncommon in acute silicosis.

  18. [Multiple complications of acute unilateral rhinosinusitis--a case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dalke, Krzysztof; Sawicki, Piotr; Burduk, Paweł; Kaźmierczak, Henryk

    2011-01-01

    Intracranial or orbital complications after chronic and acute rhinosinusitis are rare, but could be dangerous. The complications of acute rhinosinusitis more often are observed in young patients. The combination of both intracranial and orbital complications together is found after acute inflammation. We present a case of a patient with primary developed orbital complication during acute rhinosinusitis followed by intracranial abscess during the same treatment period. One week after intravenous antibiotic therapy with good outcome we observed an aggravated inflammation process with osteitis of frontal bone and brain abscess formation. We performed an external approach for frontal sinus surgery combined with neurosurgical brain abscess evacuation. Swabs taken during surgery were positive for: Streptococcus constellatus and Parvimonas micra sensitive for penicillin and metronidazol. We observed a good recovery after two weeks of treatment. We recommend performing a complementary CT of the sinus and CT of the brain with contrast when complications of acute rhinosinusitis are suspected. The coexistence of intracranial and orbital complications could be observed in younger patients mostly after acute sinusitis.

  19. Systemic sarcoidosis complicated of acute renal failure: about 12 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The sarcoidosis is a systemic granulomatosis affecting most frequently the lungs and the mediastinum. An acute renal failure reveals exceptionally this disease. It's a retrospective study implicating 12 cases of sarcoidosis complicated of acute renal failure. The aim of this study is to determine epidemiological, clinical, ...

  20. [ACUTE ABDOMEN CAUSED BY COMPLICATED FIBROID IN PREGNANCY. CASE REPORT].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atanasova, V; Petrakieva, N; Markov, P; Raycheva, I; Nikolov, A

    2015-01-01

    With the advancing maternal age the rate of fibroids in pregnancy is also growing. A small part of fibroids in pregnancy are complicated and in about 2.6% necessitate urgent surgical treatment. We present a clinical case of subserose fibroid at 20 gestational weeks complicated with acute abdomen treated urgently with normal continuation of pregnancy.

  1. Acute otitis media complicating upper respiratory tract infection ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Upper respiratory tract infections (UTRIs), which may be complicated by acute otitis media (AOM), account for a large number of visits to the primary physician especially in the developed world. Materials and Methods: This study aims to determine the knowledge and treatment outcomes of UTRIs complicated ...

  2. Acute Right Ventricular Dysfunction Complicating Prolonged ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    We report a case of transient right ventricular dysfunction associated with prolonged cardiac tamponade, an unusual complication of uncertain etiology. We believe that in this case dynamic coronary flow restriction resulted in ischemic injury and stunning of the right ventricle. Other possible causes are briefly reviewed. Right ...

  3. Childhood acute bacterial meningitis: risk factors for acute neurological complications and neurological sequelae.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antoniuk, Sérgio A; Hamdar, Fátima; Ducci, Renata D; Kira, Ariane T F; Cat, Mônica N L; Cruz, Cristina R da

    2011-01-01

    To assess acute neurological complications and neurological sequelae of childhood acute bacterial meningitis in order to determine possible warning signs. This retrospective study evaluated children with acute bacterial meningitis (between 1 month and 14 years of age) admitted between 2003 and 2006. Of the 44 patients studied, 17 (38.6%) had acute neurological complications. Seizure was the most frequent (31.8%) complication. Patients with acute neurological complications showed a higher frequency of lower neutrophil count (p = 0.03), seizure at admission (p 200 mg/dL (p < 0.01), and cerebrospinal fluid glucose concentration/glycemia ratio (p < 0.01) were identified as risk variables for sequelae. Neutrophil count < 60%, seizure at admission, and S. pneumoniae as the etiologic agent were identified as warning signs for acute neurological complications, while protein levels, cerebrospinal fluid glucose concentration/glycemia ratio, and seizure at admission were seen as risk factors for neurological sequelae.

  4. Pleuro-pulmonary involvement in patients with connective tissue disease. The role of open lung biopsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grubben, M J; Kerstens, P J; Wiersma, J M; Boerbooms, A M; Festen, J

    1993-12-01

    Pleuro-pulmonary involvement is frequently encountered in connective tissue disease. The pathological changes due to connective tissue disease are multifold. They include pleural, interstitial and nodular manifestations as well as airway lesions and vascular changes. In clinical decision making it is important to differentiate between effects of the underlying connective tissue disease, complications due to treatment, such as opportunistic infections, toxic and idiosyncratic drug reactions, and unrelated primary pulmonary diseases. We describe 2 patients with a connective tissue disease and pleuro-pulmonary complications. The diagnostic procedures are discussed. The result of the open lung biopsy was consistent with the diagnosis of rheumatic disease and also Sjögren's disease in the first patient and excluded infection and vasculitis in the second patient. Whenever histological investigation is needed to establish and/or exclude a diagnosis of pulmonary involvement in connective tissue disease, the open lung biopsy remains the "gold standard". We therefore propose a flow-chart for use in the clinical approach to the patient with interstitial lung disease of unknown origin.

  5. Pancreatic encephalopathy- a rare complication of severe acute biliary pancreatitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vlad Denis Constantin

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Background. Pancreatic encephalopathy is a rare complication of severe acute pancreatitis, with high mortality, being difficult to diagnose and treat, thus requiring continuous research regarding its management. Materials and Methods. Of 20 patients diagnosed with severe acute pancreatitis on admission at Department of Emergency and Admission (DEA, from January 1st 2010 to March 31st 2014, 5 cases complicated by pancreatic encephalopathy were analyzed using a descriptive observational, retrospective, single-center study. Results. The study shows different types of diagnostic algorithm and therapeutical approaches, in correlation with morbidity and mortality rates. Conclusions. Our study highlighted the fact that speed is critical, early management being the key to outcome.

  6. Pneumomediastinum, bilateral pneumothorax and subcutaneous emphysema complicating acute silicosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dixit, Ramakant; Meena, Manoj; Patil, Chetan B

    2015-01-01

    A case of acute silicosis complicating as spontaneous pneumomediastinum, bilateral pneumothorax and subcutaneous emphysema is described in a 35-year-old male engaged in stone crusher unit. Diagnosis was established on clinical and radiological assessment and supported by occupational history of the patient. This case is unique one as all these 3 complications at the same time are very uncommon in acute silicosis. This work is available in Open Access model and licensed under a CC BY-NC 3.0 PL license.

  7. Acute tubulointerstitial nephritis complicating Legionnaires' disease: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daumas Aurélie

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Legionnaires' disease is recognized as a multi-systemic illness. Afflicted patients may have pulmonary, renal, gastrointestinal tract and central nervous system complications. However, renal insufficiency is uncommon. The spectrum of renal involvement may range from a mild and transient elevation of serum creatinine levels to anuric renal failure requiring dialysis and may be linked to several causes. In our present case report, we would like to draw attention to the importance of the pathological documentation of acute renal failure by reporting a case of a patient with acute tubulointerstitial nephritis complicating Legionnaires' disease. Case presentation A 55-year-old Caucasian man was admitted to our hospital for community-acquired pneumonia complicated by acute renal failure. Legionella pneumophila serogroup type 1 was diagnosed. Although the patient's respiratory illness responded to intravenous erythromycin and ofloxacin therapy, his renal failure worsened, he became anuric, and hemodialysis was started. A renal biopsy was performed, which revealed severe tubulointerstitial nephritis. After initiation of steroid therapy, his renal function improved dramatically. Conclusions This case highlights the importance of kidney biopsies in cases where acute renal failure is a complicating factor in Legionnaires' disease. If the presence of acute tubulointerstitial nephritis can be confirmed, it will likely respond favorably to steroidal treatment and thus irreversible renal damage and chronic renal failure will be avoided.

  8. Acute Appendicitis Complicated by Pylephlebitis: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Castro

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Pylephlebitis is defined as septic thrombophlebitis of the portal vein. It is a rare but serious complication of an intraabdominal infection, more commonly diverticulitis and appendicitis. It has an unspecific clinical presentation and the diagnosis is difficult. The authors report a case of a 21-year-old man with acute appendicitis complicated by pylephlebitis. The diagnosis was made with contrast enhanced CT.

  9. Right adrenal abscess -- an unusual complication of acute apendicitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dimofte, Gabriel; Dubei, Liviu; Lozneanu, Lili-Gabriela; Ursulescu, Corina; Grigora Scedil, Mihai

    2004-09-01

    Acute appendicitis represents one of the most frequent abdominal emergencies encountered in everyday surgical practice. Local infectious complications are not unusual and retroperitoneal abscesses after acute retrocaecal appendicitis have been previously described. The authors present the case of a 22-years-young female patient, admitted for a right iliac fossa abscess, secondary to gangrenous appendicitis. A right adrenal mass 35/40 mm was revealed during preoperative ultrasound evaluation, which evolved in an adrenal abscess that spontaneously drained 10 days after appendectomy and retrocecal drainage. Adrenal abscesses are exceptionally rare, with only a few cases being reported in the literature, but none of these after acute appendicitis.

  10. A Rare Complication of Acute Otitis Media: Otitic Hydrocephalus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmet Mutlu

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Acute otitis media is very common disorder in childhood. In this article we present a 6-years old boy who applied with diplopia, dysfunction of lateral eye movements on left eye, nausea, at 10th day of acute otitis media treatment. After the radiological images case was described as an otitic hydrocephalus clinic. Patient underwent medical treatment, lomboperitoneal shunt operation and simple mastoidectomy. We wanted to share the evaluation and the management steps of this very rare complication of acute otitis media.

  11. Antibiotic Therapy for Acute Infiltrate-Complicated Calculous Cholecystitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu. A. Nesterenko

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: to summarize the results of treatment in 442 patients of various ages with acute calculous cholecystitis complicated by a compact perivesical infiltrate.Materials and methods. Bile from all the patients was bacteriologically studied. The implication of various antibiotics in limiting perivesical fat inflammation was determined.Results. The importance of decompressive treatments for complicated calculous cholecystitis has been ascertained. The advantages of microcholecystostomy have been revealed. There is evidence that it is expedient to use third-forth-generation cephalosporins, fluoroquinolones, and dioxidine in the combined treatment of destructive calculous cholecystitis complicated by an infiltrate. 

  12. Imperforate hymen complicated by obstructive acute renal failure ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Imperforate hymen is a rare malformation (1/ 1000 female births). It is diagnosed most often during puberty. Early diagnosis of hematocolpos and evacuation is necessary to avoid any consequences. We report a rare case of an imperforate hymen complicated with acute urinary retention, hydronephrosis and renal failure in ...

  13. Alcohol abuse-related severe acute pancreatitis with rhabdomyolysis complications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Su, Mao-Sheng; Jiang, Ying; Yan, Xiao-Yuan Hu; Zhao, Qing-Hua; Liu, Zhi-Wei; Zhang, Wen-Zhi; He, Lei

    2013-01-01

    Non-traumatic rhabdomyolysis is a rare complication of acute pancreatitis. One of the major risk factors of both acute pancreatitis and rhabdomyolysis is alcohol abuse. However, only a few studies have reported the prognosis and association of severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) and rhabdomyolysis in alcohol abuse patients. In the present study, we report two cases presenting with SAP complicated by rhabdomyolysis following high-dose alcohol intake. The disease onset, clinical manifestations, laboratory data, diagnosis and treatment procedure of each patient were recorded, and the association with rhabdomyolysis was analyzed. Alcohol consumption was the most predominant cause of SAP and rhabdomyolysis in these patients. SAP-related rhabdomyolysis was primarily induced by the toxicity associated with pancreatic necrosis. The laboratory tests revealed that the concentration of serum creatine kinase (CK) and myoglobin increased and acute renal failure symptoms were present, which provided an exact diagnosis for SAP-induced rhabdomyolysis. Rhabdomyolysis and subsequent hypermyoglobinuria severely impaired kidney function and aggravated hypocalcemia. The therapy of early stage SAP complicated by rhabdomyolysis involved liquid resuscitation support. When first stage treatment fails, blood purification should be performed immediately. Both patients developed multiple organ failure (MOF) and succumbed to the disease. Considering the two cases presented, we conclude that alcohol-related SAP complicated by rhabdomyolysis may have a poor clinical prognosis.

  14. Treatment of Orbital Complications Following Acute Rhinosinusitis in Children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wan, Yuzhu; Shi, Guanggang; Wang, Haibo

    2016-07-01

    The orbital complications account for about 80% of all complications secondary to acute rhinosinusitis. If the treatment is not correct and in time, orbital complications could progress rapidly, leading to optic neuritis, cavernous sinus thrombophlebitis or life-threatening intracranial complications. To evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of conservative therapy for the patients with orbital cellulitis and endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) performed on patients with subperiosteal abscess (SPA) secondary to acute rhinosinusitis in children. Retrospective cross-sectional study. The retrospective study included 31 pediatric patients with orbital complications secondary to acute rhinosinusitis. In all cases, intensive treatment was initiated with a combination of oral or intravenous antibiotics, glucocorticoid and gelomyrtol forte after admission. ESS was performed if an improvement in the condition of patients did not occur after 48 hours. However, the patients with orbital SPA, motility disorders of eyeball or decreased vision received ESS immediately within 24 hours. Sixteen patients were cured by conservative therapy and 15 patients by ESS. All of the signs and symptoms disappeared after conservative therapy or ESS. There were no recurrences within the follow-up period of 1 to 8 years. Conservative therapy is an effective method for patients with inflammatory edema and most cases of orbital cellulitis in children. SPA can be cured by ESS.

  15. Significance of Streptococcus milleri in acute rhinosinusitis with complications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rankhethoa, N M; Prescott, C A J

    2008-08-01

    To assess the significance of Streptococcus milleri in acute rhinosinusitis with complications. A retrospective case note review was undertaken of in-patients at both the Red Cross Children's Hopital and the Groote Schuur Hospital (for adults), Cape Town, South Africa, between 1999 and 2003, with a diagnosis of acute rhinosinusitis with complications. The following were documented: age, gender, complications, organisms cultured and their sensitivity, type and number of operations, and length of hospital stay. Seventy-one case notes were reviewed, for 30 female and 41 male patients, representing 38 adults and 33 children. Streptococcus milleri was the most commonly implicated organism (52.1 per cent; 37/71). Patients from whom this organism was isolated tended to require more than one operative procedure, and had a protracted hospital stay.

  16. Inferior phrenic artery pseudoaneurysm complicating drug-induced acute pancreatitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salem, Jean F; Haydar, Ali; Hallal, Ali

    2014-01-02

    Inferior phrenic artery (IPA) pseudoaneurysm is an extremely rare complication of chronic pancreatitis with only three cases reported in the literature so far. It is a serious condition that can be life-threatening if not diagnosed promptly. Recent advances in endovascular interventions made angiography with embolisation the modality of choice for diagnosis and treatment. We presented the first report of a case of ruptured IPA pseudoaneurysm complicating a drug-induced acute pancreatitis that was successfully treated by transcatheter arterial embolisation. Despite its rarity, rupture of pseudoaneurysm due to drug-induced pancreatitis should be suspected and included in the differential diagnosis when associated with haemodynamic instability.

  17. Contrast-enhanced ultrasonography to diagnose complicated acute cholecystitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sagrini, Elisabetta; Pecorelli, Anna; Pettinari, Irene; Cucchetti, Alessandro; Stefanini, Federico; Bolondi, Luigi; Piscaglia, Fabio

    2016-02-01

    Gangrenous cholecystitis and perforation are severe complications of acute cholecystitis, which have a challenging preoperative diagnosis. Early identification allows better surgical management. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (ceCT) is the current diagnostic gold standard. Contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) is a promising tool for the diagnosis of gallbladder perforation, but data from the literature concerning efficacy are sparse. The aim of the study was to evaluate CEUS findings in pathologically proven complicated cholecystitis (gangrenous, perforated gallbladder, pericholecystic abscess). A total of 8 patients submitted to preoperative CEUS, and with subsequent proven acute complicated cholecystitis at surgical inspection and pathological analysis, were retrospectively identified. The final diagnosis was gangrenous/phlegmonous cholecystitis (n. 2), phlegmonous/ulcerative changes plus pericholecystic abscess (n. 2), perforated plus pericholecystic abscess (n. 3), or perforated plus pericholecystic biliary collection (n. 1). Conventional US findings revealed irregularly thickened gallbladder walls in all 8 patients, with vaguely defined walls in 7 patients, four of whom also had striated wall thickening. CEUS revealed irregular enhancing gallbladder walls in all patients. A distinct wall defect was seen in six patients, confirmed as gangrenous/phlegmonous cholecystitis at pathology in all six, and in four as perforation at macroscopic surgical inspection. CEUS is a non-invasive easily repeatable technique that can be performed at the bedside, and is able to accurately diagnose complicated/perforated cholecystitis. Despite the limited sample size in the present case series, CEUS appears as a promising tool for the management of patients with the clinical possibility of having an acute complicated cholecystitis.

  18. Incidents and postoperative complications of laparoscopic cholecystectomies for acute cholecystitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Haijar, Nadim; Duca, Sergiu; Molnár, Géza; Vasilescu, Alin; Nicolescu, Nicoleta

    2002-06-01

    The purpose of this study was to analyze incidents and postoperative complications of the laparoscopic cholecystectomies performed for acute cholecystitis in 1453 patients in the 3rd Surgical Clinic, Cluj-Napoca. Hemorrhage occurred in 139 (9.5%) cases from which 75 (54%) lesions of the cystic artery, 63 (45.3%) cases of bleeding from the vesicular bed and 1 patient (0.72%) with section of the hepatic artery. Lesions of the bile ducts occurred in 13 (0.9%) patients from which 4 (3.07%) were on the right hepatic duct and 9 (6.93%) on the common bile duct. We encountered 152 (10.46%) early postoperative complications from which 92 (60.5%) were grade I, 56 (37%) grade II, 0 grade III and 4 (2.63%) grade IV, according to Clavien's classification. There were 35 (2.4%) nonspecific postoperative complications from which there where phlebitic reactions in 25 (71.4%) patients, phlebitis in 9 (25.7%) and upper digestive hemorrhage due to acutization of a duodenal ulcer in 1 patient (2.9%). We also registered a number of 20 (1.38%) later postoperative complications: 10 (50%) residual biliary lithiasis in the first postoperative year, and 10 (50%) hernias at the umbilical trocar insertion site.

  19. [Purtscher-like retinopathy as a complication of acute pancreatitis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rišková, L; Korec, L; Alexík, M; Huľo, E; Huľová, S

    Purtscher-like retinopathy as a complication of acute pancreatitis is a disease which causes generalized retinal and macular oedema associated with retinal surface haemorrhage, which results in a permanent, sometimes partially reversible visual loss. The case report presented in this article refers to the case of a 36-year-old woman with severe acute pancreatitis. The pancreatitis led to the development of acute respiratory insufficiency with signs of septic shock and consequently, the patient was transferred to the critical care unit. The patient underwent a total of 8 surgical interventions with the revision of the abdominal cavity, necrectomy and application of the vacuum system into the abdominal cavity. Eye exams were conducted for impaired vision with the conclusion of Purtscher-like retinopathy associated with acute pancreatitis, occlusion of the central retinal artery of both eyes, confirmed by fluorescence angiography. After one year, alterations of the retina show no signs of improvement in this case; the loss of vision is permanent.Key words: acute pancreatitis Purtscher-like retinopathy.

  20. Systemic sarcoidosis complicated of acute renal failure: about 12 cases

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahfoudhi, Madiha; Mamlouk, Habiba; Turki, Sami; Kheder, Adel

    2015-01-01

    The sarcoidosis is a systemic granulomatosis affecting most frequently the lungs and the mediastinum. An acute renal failure reveals exceptionally this disease. It's a retrospective study implicating 12 cases of sarcoidosis complicated of acute renal failure. The aim of this study is to determine epidemiological, clinical, biological and histological profile in these cases and then to indicate the interest to consider the diagnosis of sarcoidosis in cases of unexplained renal failure. Extra-renal complications, therapeutic modalities and the outcome were determined in all patients. Our series involved 12 women with an average age of 40 years. Biological investigations showed an abnormal normocalcemia in 7 cases, a hypercalcemia in 5 cases, a hypercalciuria in 10 cases and polyclonal hypergammaglobulinemia in 7 cases. An acute renal failure was found in all patients with a median creatinin of 520 umol/L. For all patients, the renal echography was normaln however, the kidney biopsy showed tubulo-interstitial nephritis. The extra-renal signs highlighting pulmonary interstitial syndrome in 5 cases, a sicca syndrome in 4 cases, mediastinal lymph nodes in 2 cases, a lymphocytic alveolitis in 3 cases, an anterior granulomatous uveitis in 2 cases and a polyarthritis in 5 cases. Five patients benefited of hemodialysis. The treatment consisted of corticosteroid in all cases. The follow up was marked by complete resolution of clinical and biological signs. The diagnosis of renal sarcoidosis must be done quickly to prevent renal failure. PMID:26834928

  1. Systemic sarcoidosis complicated of acute renal failure: about 12 cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahfoudhi, Madiha; Mamlouk, Habiba; Turki, Sami; Kheder, Adel

    2015-01-01

    The sarcoidosis is a systemic granulomatosis affecting most frequently the lungs and the mediastinum. An acute renal failure reveals exceptionally this disease. It's a retrospective study implicating 12 cases of sarcoidosis complicated of acute renal failure. The aim of this study is to determine epidemiological, clinical, biological and histological profile in these cases and then to indicate the interest to consider the diagnosis of sarcoidosis in cases of unexplained renal failure. Extra-renal complications, therapeutic modalities and the outcome were determined in all patients. Our series involved 12 women with an average age of 40 years. Biological investigations showed an abnormal normocalcemia in 7 cases, a hypercalcemia in 5 cases, a hypercalciuria in 10 cases and polyclonal hypergammaglobulinemia in 7 cases. An acute renal failure was found in all patients with a median creatinin of 520 umol/L. For all patients, the renal echography was normal however, the kidney biopsy showed tubulo-interstitial nephritis. The extra-renal signs highlighting pulmonary interstitial syndrome in 5 cases, a sicca syndrome in 4 cases, mediastinal lymph nodes in 2 cases, a lymphocytic alveolitis in 3 cases, an anterior granulomatous uveitis in 2 cases and a polyarthritis in 5 cases. Five patients benefited of hemodialysis. The treatment consisted of corticosteroid in all cases. The follow up was marked by complete resolution of clinical and biological signs. The diagnosis of renal sarcoidosis must be done quickly to prevent renal failure.

  2. Accounts of severe acute obstetric complications in Rural Bangladesh

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sikder Shegufta S

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background As maternal deaths have decreased worldwide, increasing attention has been placed on the study of severe obstetric complications, such as hemorrhage, eclampsia, and obstructed labor, to identify where improvements can be made in maternal health. Though access to medical care is considered to be life-saving during obstetric emergencies, data on the factors associated with health care decision-making during obstetric emergencies are lacking. We aim to describe the health care decision-making process during severe acute obstetric complications among women and their families in rural Bangladesh. Methods Using the pregnancy surveillance infrastructure from a large community trial in northwest rural Bangladesh, we nested a qualitative study to document barriers to timely receipt of medical care for severe obstetric complications. We conducted 40 semi-structured, in-depth interviews with women reporting severe acute obstetric complications and purposively selected for conditions representing the top five most common obstetric complications. The interviews were transcribed and coded to highlight common themes and to develop an overall conceptual model. Results Women attributed their life-threatening experiences to societal and socioeconomic factors that led to delays in seeking timely medical care by decision makers, usually husbands or other male relatives. Despite the dominance of male relatives and husbands in the decision-making process, women who underwent induced abortions made their own decisions about their health care and relied on female relatives for advice. The study shows that non-certified providers such as village doctors and untrained birth attendants were the first-line providers for women in all categories of severe complications. Coordination of transportation and finances was often arranged through mobile phones, and referrals were likely to be provided by village doctors. Conclusions Strategies to increase timely

  3. Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Complicating Strongyloides stercoralis Hyperinfection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ming-Ju Tsai

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Strongyloidiasis is endemic in tropic and subtropic areas, but is currently seldom encountered in developed area like Taiwan. We present an elder man with acute respiratory distress syndrome complicating Strongyloides stercoralis hyperinfection. There was no significant clue initially for diagnosing this patient as having S. stercoralis hyperinfection. Neither peripheral eosinophilia nor significant hemoptysis was noted. Bronchoscopy played a critical role to define the unexpected cause of his progressive pulmonary infiltrates. The correct diagnosis was soon made by recognition of the worm in bronchioloalveolar lavage cytology, and specific treatment was initiated promptly. For a septic patient with progressive pulmonary infiltrates, bronchoscopic studies including cytology may be necessary for defining the cause. Hyperinfection strongyloidiasis should be considered as a cause of acute respiratory distress syndrome in immunocompromised patient, especially with the presence of chronic gastrointestinal symptoms.

  4. Acute pancreatitis as a complication of childhood cancer treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stefanović, Milica; Jazbec, Janez; Lindgren, Fredrik; Bulajić, Milutin; Löhr, Matthias

    2016-05-01

    Acute pancreatitis (AP) is now well recognized as a possible complication of childhood cancer treatment, interrupting the chemotherapy regimen, and requiring prolonged hospitalization, possibly with intensive care and surgical intervention, thereby compromising the effect of chemotherapy and the remission of the underlying malignant disease. This review summarizes the current literature and presents the various etiological factors for AP during chemotherapy as well as modern trends in the diagnosis and therapy of AP in children. © 2016 The Authors. Cancer Medicine published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  5. Diabetes insipidus as a complication of acute myelomonocytic leukaemia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Philippakos, D.; Kakouros, S.; Dervenoulas, J.; Pontidas, E.

    1983-01-01

    A female patient, aged 44, with diabetes insipidus as a complication of acute myelomonocytic leukaemia (AMML) is described. She presented with bleeding, anaemia, polyuria and polydypsia. She was treated with intranasal vasopressin for diabetes insipidus and responded well to treatment. Chemotherapy was administered for the leukaemia and a full remission was achieved. The patient relapsed a few days before final admission to hospital and died of septicaemia 7 months after initial diagnosis. A short review of the literature related to this subject is also presented. PMID:6573653

  6. Orbital and Intracranial Complication Resulting from Acute Rhinosinusitis: Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Souza, Luana Alves de

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Among the rhinosinusitis complications, the orbital are the most frequent ones, occurring mostly in the youngsters and children. Simultaneous complications involving the intracranial orbit and space are extremely rare, but they must be severely treated for they have a high rate of morbidity and mortality. Case report: In this work, the authors report a case of a patient who appeared to have preseptal cellulites and epidural abscess, in the form of simultaneous complications of an acute rhinosinusitis. In the patient of this case, choice was made for a clinic treatment associated with a nasosinusal endoscopic surgery and neurosurgical drainage of the intracranial abscess. CT was enough to achieve the diagnosis of this case. Final commentaries: However, it is recommended that, in cases where patients have rhinosinusitis complications, an extensive intracranial investigation needs to be deepened even when this is not so evident in the beginning. Given the polymicrobial nature of these infections, an aggressive culture-guided antibiotic therapy and a multidisciplinary follow-up significantly increase the likelihood of success.

  7. Geographic Clustering of Acute Complications and Sociodemographic Factors in Adults with Type 1 Diabetes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Butalia, Sonia; Patel, Alka B; Johnson, Jeffrey A; Ghali, William A; Rabi, Doreen M

    2017-04-01

    To assess the geographic distribution of acute complications in patients with type 1 diabetes in a large urban centre; and to assess the association between acute complications and community-level sociodemographic factors. Adults (aged ≥18 years old) with type 1 diabetes and acute complications were identified between 2004 and 2008 by using a diabetes centre clinical database or discharge abstracts for acute complications (diabetic ketoacidosis or hypoglycemia). Using a geographic information system, hot-spot analysis was used to identify spatial clusters of acute complications in a large urban centre. The association between acute complications and community-level sociodemographic factors were assessed by Spearman rank correlation. We identified 1779 patients with type 1 diabetes, of whom 456 had been hospitalized for acute complications. The mean age of patients was 40.9±16.0 years, and men were more likely to have acute complications (59.2% vs. 52.3%; p<0.01). Spatial clusters of high values and low values were identified. Higher median family income (r=-0.36; p<0.0001) and higher education levels (r=-0.30; p<0.0001) were associated with lower rates of acute complications. This study demonstrated geographic clusters of hospitalizations for acute complications and important community sociodemographic factors. Prevention strategies and interventions targeting these geographic and sociodemographic disparities need to be explored as a means of minimizing hospitalizations for acute complications. Copyright © 2016 Canadian Diabetes Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Identifying Key Intervention Opportunities During a Pregnancy Complicated by Diabetes: a Review of Acute Complications of Diabetes During Pregnancy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bradley, Paige K; Duprey, Marissa; Castorino, Kristin

    2016-02-01

    Diabetes in pregnancy is associated with significant and sometimes devastating acute complications. It is important that all health care providers are aware of possible complications at each stage of pregnancy so that we can prevent these complications whenever possible and reduce morbidity when they do occur. Most complications associated with diabetes during pregnancy have reduced incidence when blood glucose and blood pressure are optimally controlled. Yet, it is always best to try to optimize diabetes and any comorbidities prior to conception.

  9. Surgical treatment of colorectal cancer complicated with acute intestinal obstruction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. N. Schaeva

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. The main reason for urgent complications of colon cancer is an acute intestinal obstruction (AIO. This is complex pathological condition in 90 % of cases caused by colorectal cancer (CRC.Objective – to evaluate radicality of the performed operations in complicated colorectal cancer in general surgical hospitals. Dependence of the severity of intestinal obstruction by tumor localization, its morphological characteristics, determine dependence of the type of the surgical operation performed on the severity of intestinal obstruction.Materials and methods. We have studied the data on 667 patients with colorectal cancer complicated by acute intestinal obstruction. These patients were treated in the period from 2001 to 2013 in general surgical hospital in the territory of Smolensk and Smolensk region. For the processing of the obtained results we have used software Statistica 6.1. Differences were considered statistically at p ≤ 0.05.Results. All the patients were divided into 3 groups by the expression of intestinal obstruction. Group 1 (n = 279 consisted of patients with the presence of decompensated intestinal obstruction (DIO, group 2 (n = 313 consisted of patients with subcompensated intestinal obstruction (SIO, group 3 (n = 75 included patients with compensated intestinal obstruction (CIO. In case of tumor localization in right halfof the colon we most commonly observed clinical picture of acute development of decompensated intestinal obstruction (p = 0.041. Subcompensated intestinal obstruction prevailed in case of tumor localization in left half of the colon and rectal localization. In general surgical hospitals it is not always possible to speak about radicality of surgical treatment, as in a large number of cases (62.5 % the number of examined lymph nodes was less than 4. When DIO patients are admitted in the clinic, the percentage of singlestage operations is equal to 7.5 % (n = 21. In case of DIO and SIO there was a high

  10. [Management of ocular and orbital complications in acute sinusitis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chahed, H; Bachraoui, R; Kedous, S; Ghorbel, H; Houcine, A; Mediouni, A; Marrakchi, J; Zainine, R; Ben Amor, M; Beltaief, N; Besbes, G

    2014-11-01

    Describe the clinical presentations of orbital complications of acute sinusitis and discuss therapeutic approaches. Retrospective study of 29 cases of acute sinusitis with orbital extension hospitalized over a period of 12years (2000 to 2012). There were 23 men and 6 women. The mean age was 15.75years. The average time until consultation was 7.68 days. Sinusitis was ethmoido-maxillary in 20 cases, ethmoidal in 6 cases, and frontal in 3 cases. Orbital extension was grouped according to the Chandler classification: stage I (3 cases), stage II (3 cases), stage III (15 cases), stage IV (8 cases). Antibiotic therapy was prescribed in all cases. Surgery was performed in 22 cases. Bacterial cultures revealed streptococcus (2 cases), aspergillus fumigatus (1 case) and were negative in 8 cases. The outcome was favorable in 27 cases. In two cases, the outcome was unfavorable with associated intracranial complications. Oculoorbital extension of acute sinusitis is a diagnostic and therapeutic emergency. Paranasal sinus CT is essential to confirm orbital extension and identify the causative sinus. Intravenous antibiotic therapy is the main treatment. The roles of corticosteroid and heparin therapy remain controversial. Surgery is indicated in the case of abscess or high visual risk. Endoscopic endonasal surgery appears to have a double role, in diagnosis and treatment. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  11. Acute type B aortic dissection complicated by visceral ischemia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jonker, Frederik H W; Patel, Himanshu J; Upchurch, Gilbert R; Williams, David M; Montgomery, Daniel G; Gleason, Thomas G; Braverman, Alan C; Sechtem, Udo; Fattori, Rossella; Di Eusanio, Marco; Evangelista, Arturo; Nienaber, Christoph A; Isselbacher, Eric M; Eagle, Kim A; Trimarchi, Santi

    2015-04-01

    Acute type B aortic dissection (ABAD) can lead to visceral malperfusion, a potentially life-threatening complication. The purpose of this study was to investigate the presentation, management, and outcomes of ABAD patients with visceral ischemia who are enrolled in the International Registry of Acute Aortic Dissection. Patients with ABAD enrolled in the registry between 1996 and 2013 were identified and stratified based on presence of visceral ischemia at admission. Demographics, medical history, imaging results, management, and outcomes were compared for patients with versus without visceral ischemia. A total of 1456 ABAD patients were identified, of which 104 (7.1%) presented with visceral ischemia. Preoperative limb ischemia (28% vs 7%, P < .001) and acute renal failure (41% vs 14%, P < .001) were more common among patients with visceral ischemia. Endovascular treatment and surgery were offered to 49% and 30% of the visceral ischemia cohort, respectively; remaining patients were managed conservatively. The in-hospital mortality was 30.8% for patients with visceral ischemia and 9.1% for those without visceral ischemia (odds ratio [OR] 4.44; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.8-7.0, P < .0001). Mortality rates were similar after surgical and endovascular management of visceral ischemia (25.8% and 25.5%, respectively, P = not significant). Among the visceral ischemia group, medical management was a predictor of mortality in multivariate analysis (OR, 5.91; 95% CI, 1.2-31.0; P = .036). Patients with ABAD complicated by visceral ischemia have a high risk of mortality. We observed similar outcomes for patients treated by endovascular management versus surgery, whereas medical management was an independent predictor of mortality. Early diagnosis and intervention for visceral ischemia seems to be crucial. Copyright © 2015 The American Association for Thoracic Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. Acute hydrothorax complicating peritoneal dialysis: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ranganathan Dwarkanathan

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Acute hydrothorax is an uncommon but a well-recognized complication of peritoneal dialysis. No single test is definitive for diagnosis. Although it is not a life-threatening condition, hydrothorax often requires abandonment of peritoneal dialysis. Delay in diagnosis can lead to worsening of the clinical status. Case Presentation A 33-year-old Caucasian woman with lupus, who was successfully treated with temporary peritoneal dialysis 17 years previously, presented with acute dyspnea and a right pleural effusion after recommencing peritoneal dialysis. Investigations eliminated infective, cardiac, and primary respiratory causes. Peritoneal dialysis-related hydrothorax was suggested by biochemistry, and a pleuroperitoneal leak was definitively confirmed by using a Tc-99 m DTPA (diethylene triamine penta-acetic acid scintigraphy scan. Subsequently, she underwent video-assisted thoracoscopy-guided talc pleurodesis and was able to return successfully to peritoneal dialysis. Conclusion Although our case is not the first report that describes the occurrence of acute hydrothorax in peritoneal dialysis, it is an important condition to recognize for the wider general medical community. Furthermore, this case demonstrates that peritoneal dialysis can be continued with a hydrothorax, provided the underlying cause can be corrected. We review the literature pertaining to the utility and reliability of different diagnostic approaches to hydrothorax.

  13. The role of levosimendan in acute heart failure complicating acute coronary syndrome

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nieminen, Markku S; Buerke, M.; Cohen-Solal, A.

    2016-01-01

    defined as exclusion criteria in trials and registries. As a consequence, guideline recommendations are mostly driven by observational studies, even though these patients have a particularly poor prognosis compared to heart failure patients without signs of coronary artery disease. In acute heart failure......Acute heart failure and/or cardiogenic shock are frequently triggered by ischemic coronary events. Yet, there is a paucity of randomized data on the management of patients with heart failure complicating acute coronary syndrome, as acute coronary syndrome and cardiogenic shock have frequently been...... are generally less common than with other inotropic and vasoactive therapies, with the notable exception of hypotension. The decision to use levosimendan, in terms of timing and dosing, is influenced by the presence of pulmonary congestion, and blood pressure measurements. Levosimendan should be preferred over...

  14. Study on subsequent neurologic complications in children with acute leukemia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kobayashi, Naoaki; Shimazaki, Haruyo; Hoshi, Yasutaka; Akatsuka, Jun-ichi (Jikei Univ., Tokyo (Japan). School of Medicine)

    1989-06-01

    Twenty-seven children with acute leukemia were studied in order to detect the subsequent neurologic complications due to chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Twenty-four patients with ALL received central nervous system prophylaxis including cranial irradiation. The methods of evaluation consisted of electroencephalogram (EEG), computed tomography of the head (CT scan), soft neurological sign, intelligence quotient (IQ) and Bender Gestalt test. The patients with relapse showed severe abnormalities in various kinds of examinations. Younger children at diagnosis were associated with a higher abnormality rate of soft neurological signs and Bender Gestalt test. Factors which were found to be closely associated with a lower IQ score included younger children at diagnosis and longer duration of remission time. These results indicate the need for caution for the dosage of cranial irradiation for younger patients in CNS prophylaxis, and improvement of a lower IQ score in long-term survivors requires further investigation as to the appropriate intellectual environment for their development after remission. (author).

  15. [Imaging in diagnosis of acute pancreatitis and its complications].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bertini, L; Casciani, E; Campagnano, S; Valentini, C; De Cicco, M L; Polettini, E; Gualdi, G F

    2009-01-01

    Pancreatitis is a flogistic disease, caused by activation and digestion of pancreas by its enzymes. Diagnosis is based on integrated evaluation of clinical and laboratoristic data and morphological imaging. To evaluate the severity of pancreatitis there is a clinical classification in interstitial--mild pancreatitis and severe--necrotic one. The evaluation of severity is basic, because it is strictly correlated to the prognosis of the patient. CT has revealed the best method for diagnosis, staging and for evaluate the complications and follow-up and in some cases it is useful for therapeutic change.The abdomen X-Ray in orthostatism is performed in every situation suspected for acute abdominal disease, also if aspecific; the ultrasound can be used as first instance method in patient with clinical suspect of acute pancreatitis; the MR has actually a secondary role for the diagnosis, with only except for dubious cases to exclude primitive tumor of pancreas and pancreatic shock, but it represents, instead, first instance method in patients with adverse reaction to contrast medium. The CPRE has, like angiography, a selective indication.

  16. Management and monitoring of haemodynamic complications in acute heart failure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aspromonte, Nadia; Cruz, Dinna N; Valle, Roberto; Ronco, Claudio

    2011-11-01

    The pathophysiology of acute heart failure syndromes (AHFS), defined as a change or worsening in heart failure symptoms and signs, is complex. The variety of adverse neurohormonal adaptations includes increased levels of plasma renin, aldosterone and angiotensin II, all responsible for cardio-renal dysfunction. In fact, such alterations result in an array of clinical changes that include abnormal haemodynamics, altered ventricular filling pressures, pathological neurohormonal responses, leading to fluid overload, congestion and ultimately heart failure symptoms. Clinical pictures can be various: in spite of a usual improvement in dyspnoea, little weight change and significant morbidity are generally observed during hospitalization. Short-term outcomes are characterized by a high 60-day re-hospitalization and high mortality rates; apparently, both can be predicted from pre-discharge characteristics. The most frequently used treatments for AHF care include diuretics, inotropic agents, and vasodilator/vasoactive agents; however, the final therapeutic strategy is often individualized. Diuretics are currently the most used agents, but resistance to diuretic therapy is common. In addition, several studies have demonstrated that aggressive diuresis can contribute to reduced renal function, and high doses of diuretics have been associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Many patients with AHFS also suffer from acute or from chronic renal dysfunction (cardio-renal syndromes type 1 and 2, respectively), which further complicate the outcomes and treatment strategies. A personalized patient evaluation of the combined heart and kidney functions is advised to implement the best possible multidisciplinary diagnostic and therapeutic approach.

  17. Peritoneal Lavage in Complicated Acute Diverticulitis: Back to the Future.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Escalante G, Ricardo; Bustamante-Lopez, Leonardo; Lizcano, Ana; Acosta M, Bernardo

    2016-10-01

    The aim of this study was to assess laparoscopic lavage in patients with acute diverticulitis. In recent times, laparoscopic peritoneal lavage has been considered a therapeutic alternative to standard resection procedures. In Hinchey III diverticulitis there is the possibility of avoiding ostomies or resection procedures. This retrospective study was conducted in a single-care institution. Patients requiring emergency surgery for perforated diverticulitis and generalized peritonitis between March 2011 and May 2014 were identified from a prospective database. Seventy-two patients underwent surgery for diverticulitis. Forty-three patients presented with generalized peritonitis (Hinchey III) and 29 with gross fecal contamination (Hinchey IV). From the Hinchey III group, 17 patients (39.5%), with a median age of 56.8 years, were selected to undergo peritoneal lavage.Postoperative length of stay was 4.2 days, the rate of minor complications was 35%, that of major complications was 0%, and mortality rate was 0%. Over a median follow-up of 24.6 months none required reoperation. The number of patients selected for laparoscopic lavage in the management of perforated diverticulitis is increasing as it provides an alternative to Hartmann's procedure in emergency cases. This approach should be considered suitable for patients without important comorbidities, and only in centers experienced in laparoscopic surgery. It reduces the length of hospital stay. Morbidity and mortality are lower than in those in whom resection was considered necessary. Longer follow-up and results of other trials will be necessary to draw an adequate conclusion.

  18. Pictorial essay: Acute neurological complications in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seema A Kembhavi

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL is the commonest childhood malignancy with high cure rates due to recent advances in central nervous system (CNS prophylaxis. The disease per se, as well as the prophylactic therapy, predisposes the child to complications such as cerebrovascular events, infections, drug toxicities, etc. The purpose of this study is to highlight the pathophysiology and the imaging features (with appropriate examples of these complications and to propose a diagnostic algorithm based on MRI. Interpreting these scans in the light of clinical inputs very often helps the radiologist reach an appropriate diagnosis and help treatment and management.

  19. Outcome of contemporary acute coronary syndrome complicated by ventricular tachyarrhythmias.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orvin, Katia; Eisen, Alon; Goldenberg, Ilan; Gottlieb, Shmuel; Kornowski, Ran; Matetzky, Shlomi; Golovchiner, Gregory; Kuznietz, Jairo; Gavrielov-Yusim, Natalie; Segev, Amit; Strasberg, Boris; Haim, Moti

    2016-02-01

    To evaluate the incidence and prognostic implications of ventricular tachyarrhythmias (VTAs) complicating acute myocardial infarction (MI). We evaluated 7669 MI patients [ST elevation (n = 3573) and non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome (ACS) (n = 4096)] from the Acute Coronary Syndrome Israeli Survey for the incidence of VTA. Ventricular tachyarrhythmia occurred in 3.8% of patients [2.1% early (≤ 48 h) and 1.7% late (>48 h) VTA]. In-hospital mortality rates were higher for patients with VTA when compared with patients with no VTA (P < 0.001). Consistent with these findings, multivariable analysis demonstrated that early and late VTAs were associated with increased risk of in-hospital death [hazard ratio (HR) = 3.84; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.77-6.78, P < 0.001, and HR = 8.23; 95% CI 4.84-13.98, P < 0.001, respectively]. In contrast, post-discharge outcomes demonstrated that only late VTA was independently associated with a significant increased risk of 30-day mortality (HR = 5.17; 95% CI 1.54-17.27, P = 0.007) with a trend towards an increased 1-year mortality risk (HR = 1.69; 95% CI 0.79-3.62, P = 0.17). The long-term risk associated with in-hospital VTA was driven by sustained ventricular tachycardia (VT) (HR = 3.28; 95% CI 1.92-5.60, P < 0.001) but not ventricular fibrillation (HR = 1.27; 95% CI 0.65-2.49, P = 0.47). Our findings suggest that in patients with ACS, both early and late VTAs are associated with an increased risk of in-hospital mortality. However, only late VTA, mostly sustained VT, is associated with long-term adverse outcome. Published on behalf of the European Society of Cardiology. All rights reserved. © The Author 2015. For permissions please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  20. Cardiovascular Complications of Acute Amphetamine Abuse; Cross-sectional study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elham Bazmi

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate cardiovascular complications among patients who abuse amphetamines. Methods: This cross-sectional study took place between April 2014 and April 2015 among 3,870 patients referred to the Toxicology Emergency Department of Baharlou Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Those with clinical signs of drug abuse and positive urine screening tests were included in the study, while cases of chronic abuse were excluded. Cardiac complications were evaluated via electrocardiography (ECG and transthoracic echocardiography. Results: A total of 230 patients (5.9% had a history of acute amphetamine abuse and positive urine tests. Of these, 32 patients (13.9% were <20 years old and 196 (85.2% were male. In total, 119 (51.7% used amphetamine and methamphetamine compounds while 111 (48.3% used amphetamines with morphine or benzodiazepines. The most common ECG finding was sinus tachycardia (43.0%, followed by sinus tachycardia plus a prolonged QT interval (34.3%. Mean creatine kinase-MB and troponin I levels were 35.9 ± 4.3 U/mL and 0.6 ± 0.2 ng/mL, respectively. A total of 60 patients (26.1% were admitted to the Intensive Care Unit. The majority (83.3% of these patients had normal echocardiography results. The mean aortic root diameter (ARD was 27.2 ± 2.8 mm. Abnormalities related to the ARD were found in 10 patients (16.7%, three of whom subsequently died. Conclusion: According to these findings, cardiac complications were common among Iranian patients who abuse amphetamines, although the majority of patients had normal echocardiography and ECG findings.

  1. Transient acute liver failure complicating transurethral resection syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tuccori, Marco; Guidi, Benedetta; Montagnani, Sabrina; Fornai, Matteo; Antonioli, Luca; Blandizzi, Corrado; di Paolo, Marco

    2010-09-01

    Transurethral resection (TUR) syndrome, resulting from dilutional hyponatraemia for excessive absorption of irrigating fluid, represents the most relevant complication of transurethral resection of prostate (TURP). Ethanol is used as a tracer in the irrigant solution to monitor fluid absorption with a breathalyser. An unusual case of transient acute liver failure complicating TUR syndrome is reported. A 54-year-old male patient, without risk factors for the development of toxic hepatitis, was subjected to TURP for treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia. Fluid absorption (2275 ml), estimated by breathalyser, exceeded maximum allowed absorption (2000 ml) only at the end of the surgical intervention. No signs of possible toxicity were evident in the few hours following the intervention. About 10 h after the end of TURP, the patient developed sweating, vomiting and diarrhoea. Laboratory analysis revealed severe hyponatraemia (116 meq/l) with signs of severe liver impairment (total bilirubin 5.8 mg/dl, alanine aminotransferase 56,500 U/l, aspartate aminotransferase 32,700 U/l), kidney failure (serum creatinine 1.93 mg/dl) and serum ethanol levels of 219 mg/dl (0.2%). The patient was treated with acetylcysteine 150 mg/kg i.v. and furosemide 50 mg i.v. Liver and renal functions improved in few days and recovered completely within 30 days. The TUR syndrome observed in this case was probably extravascular in nature, and could have been identified and prevented by measuring ethanol levels 10 min after ending the surgical procedure. The performance of such a test should be strongly recommended to all surgeons. The clinicians attributed the development of liver impairment in this case to ethanol toxicity. However, further studies are warranted to confirm whether hepatic injury can represent a possible complication of TUR syndrome when ethanol solution is used as irrigant fluid.

  2. Clinical experience of infective endocarditis complicated by acute cerebrovascular accidents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsu, Chan-Yang; Chi, Nai-Hsin; Wang, Shoei-Shen; Chen, Yih-Sharng; Yu, Hsi-Yu

    2017-04-01

    To evaluate the clinical results of patients with infective endocarditis (IE) complicated by acute cerebrovascular accidents (CVAs). A total of 44 patients with IE complicated by CVA at admission were retrospectively analyzed in a single medical institute from 2005 to 2011. At the time of admission, 18 patients were diagnosed with hemorrhagic stroke, and 26 patients were diagnosed with ischemic stroke. Fifteen patients received surgical intervention during hospitalization. The hospital mortality rate was 38.9% for the hemorrhagic stroke group and 42.3% for the ischemic stroke group (p = 0.821). The mortality rate was 33.3% for the surgical group and 44.8% for the nonsurgical group (p = 0.531). At 30 days of hospitalization, 45.8% of the patients experienced an adverse event (defined as death due to organ failure, restroke, cardiogenic shock, or septic shock during the treatment period), and the attrition rate was 1.5% per day. Surgery performed after the adverse events increased mortality (80.0%) compared with surgery performed on patients with no adverse events (10.0%; p = 0.017). A Cox regression analysis revealed that creatinine > 2 mg/dL, diabetes, and staphylococcal infection were the risk factors of the adverse events. Early surgical intervention for IE with ischemic stroke may prevent adverse events, particularly in patients with impaired renal function, diabetes, or staphylococcal infection. A delay in operation of > 30 days is recommended after hemorrhagic stroke. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Taiwan.

  3. CASE REPORT Acute pituitary apoplexy complicating a pituitary ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    associated sub-arachnoid haemorrhage can sometimes be present. On T1W MR imaging, in the early acute stage, an enlarged gland that is iso- or hypointense to brain can be seen, while in the late acute or sub-acute stage, a hyperintense gland is seen. Acute compression of the hypothalamus and optic chiasm may cause ...

  4. Treatment of severe acute pancreatitis and its complications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zerem, Enver

    2014-10-14

    Severe acute pancreatitis (SAP), which is the most serious type of this disorder, is associated with high morbidity and mortality. SAP runs a biphasic course. During the first 1-2 wk, a pro-inflammatory response results in systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS). If the SIRS is severe, it can lead to early multisystem organ failure (MOF). After the first 1-2 wk, a transition from a pro-inflammatory response to an anti-inflammatory response occurs; during this transition, the patient is at risk for intestinal flora translocation and the development of secondary infection of the necrotic tissue, which can result in sepsis and late MOF. Many recommendations have been made regarding SAP management and its complications. However, despite the reduction in overall mortality in the last decade, SAP is still associated with high mortality. In the majority of cases, sterile necrosis should be managed conservatively, whereas in infected necrotizing pancreatitis, the infected non-vital solid tissue should be removed to control the sepsis. Intervention should be delayed for as long as possible to allow better demarcation and liquefaction of the necrosis. Currently, the step-up approach (delay, drain, and debride) may be considered as the reference standard intervention for this disorder.

  5. Acute uric acid nephropathy: a complication of phencyclidine intoxication

    OpenAIRE

    Patel, Raman

    1982-01-01

    Although cases of myoglobinuric acute renal failure in phencyclidine abuse have been reported there are no previous reports of acute renal failure due to hyperuricaemia in this condition. Two cases of acute uric acid nephropathy associated with phencyclidine intoxication are described.

  6. Hidden chromosomal abnormalities in pleuropulmonary blastomas identified by multiplex FISH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Coze Carole

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Pleuropulmonary blastoma (PPB is a rare childhood dysontogenetic intrathoracic neoplasm associated with an unfavourable clinical behaviour. Cases presentation We report pathological and cytogenetic findings in two cases of PPB at initial diagnosis and recurrence. Both tumors were classified as type III pneumoblastoma and histological findings were similar at diagnosis and relapse. In both cases, conventional cytogenetic techniques revealed complex numerical and structural chromosomal abnormalities. Molecular cytogenetic analysis (interphase/metaphase FISH and multicolor FISH identified accurately chromosomal aberrations. In one case, TP53 gene deletion was detected on metaphase FISH. To date, only few cytogenetic data have been published about PPB. Conclusion The PPB genetic profile remains to be established and compared to others embryonal neoplasia. Our cytogenetic data are discussed reviewing cytogenetics PPBs published cases, illustrating the contribution of multicolor FISH in order to identify pathogenetically important recurrent aberrations in PPB.

  7. Pleuropulmonary Paragonimiasis mimicking Pulmonary Tuberculosis - A Report of Three Cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Singh T

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Paragonimiasis is an important cause of pulmonary disease worldwide. Infection in humans mainly occurs by ingestion of raw or undercooked freshwater crabs or crayfishes. The disease is well known in endemic regions of Asian countries, where culturally based methods of food preparation foster human transmission. Three patients with clinical and radiological features compatible with pulmonary tuberculosis had been treated for tuberculosis without remedy despite an inability to demonstrate acid fast bacilli in sputum smears. All patients had history of ingestion of raw crabs and crayfishes. The confirmed diagnosis of pleuropulmonary paragonimiasis was made based on the demonstration of Paragonimus eggs in the sputum, and high absolute eosinophilia in their peripheral blood and pleural fluid. All the patients had been treated with praziquantel successfully.

  8. Acute phase complications following traumatic spinal cord injury in Dutch level 1 trauma centres.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Weert, Karin C M; Schouten, Evert J; Hofstede, José; van de Meent, Henk; Holtslag, Herman R; van den Berg-Emons, Rita J G

    2014-10-01

    To assess the number and nature of complications during the acute phase following traumatic spinal cord injury and to explore the relationship between number of complications and length of hospital stay. Multi-centre prospective cohort study. A total of 54 patients with traumatic spinal cord injury, referred to 3 level 1 trauma centres in The Netherlands. The number and nature of complications were registered weekly from September 2009 to December 2011. A total of 32 patients (59%) had 1 or more medical complications. The most common complications were pressure ulcers (17 patients, 31%) and pulmonary complications (15 patients, 28%). PATIENTS with 3 or 4 complications had significantly (p < 0.01) longer hospital stays (58.5 [32.5] days) compared with those with 1 or 2 complications (33.1 [14.8] days) or no complications (21.5 [15.6] days). Complications, particularly pressure ulcers and pulmonary complications, occurred frequently during the acute phase following traumatic spinal cord injury. More complications were associated with longer hospital stays. Despite the existence of protocols, more attention is needed to prevent pressure ulcers during the acute phase following traumatic spinal cord injury for patients in The Netherlands.

  9. Prognostic importance of complete atrioventricular block complicating acute myocardial infarction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aplin, Mark; Engstrøm, Thomas; Vejlstrup, Niels G

    2003-01-01

    Third-degree atrioventricular block after acute myocardial infarction is considered to have prognostic importance. However, its importance in conjunction with thrombolytic therapy and its relation to left ventricular function remains uncertain. This report also outlines an important distinction...... between atrioventricular block in the setting of anterior and inferior wall acute myocardial infarction, with profound clinical and prognostic implications....

  10. Post-septal orbital complications of acute bacterial rhinosinusitis: Endoscopic anatomical considerations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmed A. Ibrahim

    2015-11-01

    The study was carried out on 240 patients suffering from acute rhino-sinusitis with 90 patients suffering from orbital post-septal complicating acute rhino-sinusitis. Eighty-five cases underwent orbital decompression, except 5 cases with orbital cellulitis; they were improved on medical treatment. Visual monitoring by the ophthalmological team on regular basis was performed, until clinical and radiological improvement of the condition. This study proves that there may be a relationship between anatomic variation and orbital infections complicating acute sinusitis or acute on top of chronic sinusitis.

  11. Complications of Hot Turmeric Use in Acute Trauma

    OpenAIRE

    Al Kashmiri, Ammar; Al Mutani, Mohammed; Al Zadjali, Anwar

    2010-01-01

    The use of hot Tumeric paste for treatment of musculoskeletal injuries is a home remedy commonly used in Oman. This practice occasionally leads to skin burns complicating an already injured extremity. This case report discusses the uses of Tumeric as a medicine as well as the management of the complication arising from its improper use as illustrated in this case.

  12. Imaging findings of the orbital and intracranial complications of acute bacterial rhinosinusitis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dankbaar, J W; van Bemmel, A J M; Pameijer, F A

    2015-01-01

    UNLABELLED: In patients with acute bacterial rhinosinusitis severe orbital and intracranial complications can occur. This review will illustrate the anatomic relationship between the paranasal sinuses and the orbital and intracranial compartments. Subsequently, the spectrum of orbital and

  13. Tumefactive acute disseminated encephalomyelitis complicating human swine influenza (H1N1).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Amanda C Y; Ng, S H

    2014-10-01

    This report illustrates an adult patient presenting with tumefactive acute disseminated encephalomyelitis complicating human swine influenza. Its presentation, diagnosis, investigation findings, course, and response to treatment are discussed herein.

  14. Acute hyperkalemia as a complication of intravenous therapy with epsilon-aminocaproic acid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banerjee, Arna; Stoica, Cristina; Walia, Ann

    2011-11-01

    Epsilon-aminocaproic acid (EACA) is used frequently during surgery as prophylaxis to decrease blood loss and transfusion requirements. A rare complication of EACA induced acute hyperkalemia in a patient undergoing total hip replacement is presented. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  15. Do you need to operate following recovery from complications of pediatric acute sinusitis?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patel, Ruchin G; Daramola, Opeyemi O; Linn, David; Flanary, Valerie A; Chun, Robert H

    2014-06-01

    There are many studies that evaluate the role of surgery in the treatment of complications of pediatric acute sinusitis; however there are few studies, if any that report the incidence of surgery following recovery from acute complicated sinusitis. The goal of this study was to report the incidence and indications for surgical intervention after recovery from complications of pediatric acute sinusitis. We reviewed the records of all children admitted to a tertiary care children's hospital between January 2005 and September 2010 with a diagnosis of sinusitis and an orbital or intracranial complication. Eighty-six patients met inclusion criteria. Charts were reviewed for type of complication, initial treatment (medical or surgical), type of procedure, secondary procedures, age, and comorbidities. Statistical analysis was completed using independent samples student t-tests and Mann-Whitney tests. A total of 86 patients with a mean age of 6.38 years (2 months to 18 years) were identified. Eighty patients had orbital complications while six presented with intracranial complications. Twenty-seven patients (31%) underwent sinus surgery during the acute phase of their illness whereas 59 patients (69%) were treated medically. After hospitalization and recovery for acute complicated sinusitis, surgery was performed on nine patients (mean age 4.86 years) within 1 month to 2 years post hospitalization. Of the nine patients who required secondary surgery following resolution of the initial complicated sinusitis, four patients were following initial surgical intervention and five patients had initially resolved their complication with medical therapy alone. Indications for subsequent surgery included failure of medical therapy for persistent rhinosinusitis (8 patients) and second complication (1 patient). This study suggests that following resolution of complicated pediatric rhinosinusitis, very few patients may need further surgical intervention. Subsequent intervention is best

  16. Increased risk of complications in acute onset intestinal malrotation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wallberg, Sidsel Vang; Qvist, Niels

    2013-01-01

    Intestinal malrotation is a potentially life-threatening illness which presents in many different ways and the symptoms span from acute to chronic. The purpose of this study was to determine the clinical presentation of intestinal malrotation at all ages....

  17. Imaging findings of the orbital and intracranial complications of acute bacterial rhinosinusitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dankbaar, J W; van Bemmel, A J M; Pameijer, F A

    2015-10-01

    In patients with acute bacterial rhinosinusitis severe orbital and intracranial complications can occur. This review will illustrate the anatomic relationship between the paranasal sinuses and the orbital and intracranial compartments. Subsequently, the spectrum of orbital and intracranial complications of rhinosinusitis and related imaging findings will be discussed and illustrated by case material from daily practice. • Acute bacterial rhinosinusitis can cause severe orbital and intracranial complications. • If orbital or intracranial complications are suspected, cross-sectional imaging is mandatory. • Infection can spread from the ethmoid sinus to the orbit through the lamina papyracea. • Frontal sinusitis can spread intracranially through dehiscences or osteomyelitis. • Radiologists must recognize imaging findings of complications of acute bacterial rhinosinusitis.

  18. Risk factors for medical complications of acute hemorrhagic stroke

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jangala Mohan Sidhartha

    2015-08-01

    Conclusions: Our study has assessed that hypertension followed by diabetes mellitus are the major risk factors for medical complications of hemorrhagic stroke. Female mortality rate was more when compared to males.

  19. Post-septal orbital complications of acute bacterial rhinosinusitis: Endoscopic anatomical considerations

    OpenAIRE

    Ahmed A. Ibrahim; Wael K.A. Hussein; Omran, Ahmed A.

    2015-01-01

    Orbital complication of acute sinusitis is not an uncommon condition, especially in children and young adults. Many cases can be successfully managed medically with antibiotics, but if the condition has not improved or rapidly progressed, it results in catastrophic local sequelae. This study aims to analyze the possible relationship between sinonasal anatomic variation and the incidence of orbital infections complicating acute sinusitis. A management protocol amalgamating both clinical and ra...

  20. Imaging findings of the orbital and intracranial complications of acute bacterial rhinosinusitis

    OpenAIRE

    Dankbaar, J. W.; van Bemmel, A J M; Pameijer, F. A.

    2015-01-01

    UNLABELLED: In patients with acute bacterial rhinosinusitis severe orbital and intracranial complications can occur. This review will illustrate the anatomic relationship between the paranasal sinuses and the orbital and intracranial compartments. Subsequently, the spectrum of orbital and intracranial complications of rhinosinusitis and related imaging findings will be discussed and illustrated by case material from daily practice. TEACHING POINTS: • Acute bacterial rhinosinusitis can cause s...

  1. Acute bacterial rhinosinusitis and its complications in our pediatric otolaryngological department between 1997 and 2006.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sultész, Monika; Csákányi, Zsuzsanna; Majoros, Tatjana; Farkas, Zsolt; Katona, Gábor

    2009-11-01

    A retrospective survey of the number, age, gender, month of admission, type of persistent acute bacterial rhinosinusitis and case history of pediatric patients who did not respond to conservative therapy, and of those who suffered from complications of acute sinusitis. The case charts of all children (rhinosinusitis that within 14-26 days against the course of appropriate conservative therapy have not recovered and complications of acute sinusitis were subjected to a retrospective review. Of the 339 patients 182 were admitted with persistent acute bacterial rhinosinusitis and did not respond to conservative therapy and 157 children were diagnosed with secondary complications of acute sinusitis. Males predominated overall (54.8%). The most endangered age range was between 3 and 6 years. The highest number of admissions occurred in March. The maxillary sinus was most frequently involved. Orbital complications were observed in 150 patients: 126 cases of preseptal cellulitis, 9 of orbital cellulitis, 4 of subperiosteal abscess, and 11 of orbital abscess. Further two children were diagnosed with intracranial complications, four patients presented with osteomyelitis and the remaining one exhibited mucocele. Streptococcus pneumoniae was the most commonly cultured pathogen. There were no mortalities, and morbidity occurred in only two cases. The topicality and importance of this subject are illustrated by taking into account of two cases. The complications of acute rhinosinusitis are challenging, but the prognosis can be favorable. Early diagnosis and surgical drainage procedures in conjunction with aggressive medical management remain the standard of care for these critically ill patients.

  2. A rare complication of tuberculosis: Acute paraplegia | Aydın ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Tuberculous radiculomyelitis(TBRM) is one of the complications of neurological tuberculosis and includes cases of arachnoiditis, intradural spinal tuberculoma or granuloma, and spinal cord complications of tuberculous meningitis (TBM). Here, we report a case of TBRM which presented with acute paraplegia.

  3. Compartment syndrome, rhabdomyolysis and risk of acute renal failure as complications of the lithotomy position.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bocca, G.; Moorselaar, R.J.A. van; Feitz, W.F.J.; Staak, F.H.J.M. van der; Monnens, L.A.H.

    2002-01-01

    Compartment syndrome, rhabdomyolysis and the risk of acute renal failure are potential complications of the lithotomy position. A six-year-old girl is described who developed a compartment syndrome with rhabdomyolysis after prolonged surgery in the lithotomy position. This complication occurred

  4. [Tumor lysis syndrome in a pregnancy complicated with acute lymphoblastic leukemia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Álvarez-Goris, M P; Sánchez-Zamora, R; Torres-Aguilar, A A; Briones Garduño, J C

    2016-04-01

    Acute leukemia is rare during pregnancy, affects about 1 in 75,000 pregnancies, of all leukemias diagnosed only 28% are acute lymphoblastic leukemia, this is a risk factor to develop spontaneous tumor lysis syndrome, it's a oncologic complication potentially deadly if the prophylactic treatment its avoided. Cases of acute lymphoblastic leukemia associated with pregnancy has been poorly documented in the literature the association of these two entities to pregnancy is the first report published worldwide, so the information is limited.

  5. Subarachnoid hemorrhage and rhabdomyolysis induced acute renal failure complicating organophosphate intoxication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gokel, Yüksel

    2002-11-01

    Organophosphate is extremely uncommon cause of rhabdomyolysis. This article describe two cases with rhabdomyolysis induced acute renal failure complicating by monocrotophos, an organophosphate compound. First patient had rhabdomyolysis induced acute renal failure and subarachnoid hemorrhage. This is the first reported case of subarachnoid hemorrhage, which may be related with organophosphate intoxication in literature. Second patient described here had rhabdomyolysis induced acute renal failure after organophosphate overdose.

  6. Acute cytomegalovirus infection complicated by venous thrombosis: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parola Philippe

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background CMV-induced vasculopathy and thrombosis have been reported, but they are rare conditions usually encountered in immunocompromised patients. However more and more complications of CMV infections are recognized in immunocompetent patients. Case presentation We present a case report of a previously healthy adult with cytomegalovirus infection that was complicated by tibiopopliteal deep venous thrombosis and in whom Factor V Leiden heterozygous mutation was found. Conclusion This new case report emphasizes the involvement of cytomegalovirus in induction of vascular thrombosis in patients with predisposing risk factors for thrombosis. It is necessary to screen for CMV infection in patients with spontaneous thrombosis and an history of fever.

  7. Acute cytomegalovirus infection complicated by venous thrombosis: a case report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rovery, Clarisse; Granel, Brigitte; Parola, Philippe; Foucault, Cédric; Brouqui, Philippe

    2005-01-01

    Background CMV-induced vasculopathy and thrombosis have been reported, but they are rare conditions usually encountered in immunocompromised patients. However more and more complications of CMV infections are recognized in immunocompetent patients. Case presentation We present a case report of a previously healthy adult with cytomegalovirus infection that was complicated by tibiopopliteal deep venous thrombosis and in whom Factor V Leiden heterozygous mutation was found. Conclusion This new case report emphasizes the involvement of cytomegalovirus in induction of vascular thrombosis in patients with predisposing risk factors for thrombosis. It is necessary to screen for CMV infection in patients with spontaneous thrombosis and an history of fever. PMID:16098229

  8. [Acute orbital paranasal sinus complications: the CT image].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Becker, W; Appel, W; Uhlenbrock, D

    1983-09-01

    The authors report on an orbital complication in a child of 14 years of age with an abscess on the upper eyelid and pansinusitis on the left side. The clinical suspicion of involvement of the orbita could be definitely clarified with computed tomography only. The article describes the regression of this finding.

  9. The microbiology of acute complicated bacterial sinusitis at the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Effective empiric treatment was achieved with metronidazole and a choice of amoxicillin-clavulanate or ampicillin plus cloxacillin or penicillin plus chloramphenicol. Conclusion. The polymicrobial nature and severity of complicated sinusitis warrants a de-escalation approach to antimicrobial therapy. The combination of ...

  10. Imaging of acute cholecystitis and cholecystitis-associated complications in the emergency setting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chawla, Ashish; Bosco, Jerome Irai; Lim, Tze Chwan; Srinivasan, Sivasubramanian; Teh, Hui Seong; Shenoy, Jagadish Narayana

    2015-08-01

    Acute cholecystitis is a common cause of right upper quadrant pain in patients presenting at the emergency department. Early diagnosis and recognition of associated complications, though challenging, are essential for timely management. Imaging studies, including ultrasonography, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging, are increasingly utilised for the evaluation of suspected cases of cholecystitis. These investigations help in diagnosis, identification of complications and surgical planning. Imaging features of acute cholecystitis have been described in the literature and are variable, depending on the stage of inflammation. This article discusses the spectrum of cholecystitis-associated complications and their imaging manifestations. We also suggest a checklist for the prompt and accurate identification of complications in acute cholecystitis.

  11. A Rare Complication of Acute Appendicitis: Superior Mesenteric Vein Thrombosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hendra Koncoro

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Superior mesenteric vein (SMV thrombosis caused by acute appendicitis is quite rare nowadays. These conditions occurs secondary to infection in the region drained by the portal venous system. In this case, we report a successfully treated case of SMV thrombosis and liver abscess associated with appendicitis with antibiotics and anticoagulant.Early diagnosis and prompt treatment are basic to a favorable clinical course.

  12. Treatment outcomes of oral sitafloxacin in acute complicated urinary tract infection and pyelonephritis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manosuthi, Weerawat; Wiboonchutikul, Surasak

    2016-01-01

    Data on the success rate of sitafloxacin treatment in acute complicated urinary tract infection and pyelonephritis are limited. To determine the success rate of a new oral fluoroquinolone, sitafloxacin, in acute complicated urinary tract infection and pyelonephritis. A prospective study of 30 patients who were diagnosed with acute complicated urinary tract infection and pyelonephritis was conducted. Oral sitafloxacin 50 mg twice a day was given for 7 days. All patients were followed up at baseline, day 7, and day 14. The patient sample included 67 % females; the mean ± SD age was 49 ± 13 years. Twenty-one (70 %) patients had acute pyelonephritis and 9 (30 %) had complicated urinary tract infections. Twenty-two patients were positive for uropathogens. The most frequently isolated pathogen was E. coli 11 non-extended spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) producing and 5 ESBL-producing strains. Of the 22 isolated uropathogens, 19 (86 %) isolates were sensitive to sitafloxacin. At day 14, 29 of 30 (97 %) were clinically cured and 21 of 22 (95 %) were microbiologically cured. No patients discontinued sitafloxacin due to adverse events. These results support the use of oral sitafloxacin in complicated urinary tract infections and acute pyelonephritis. However, further larger studies are required to confirm these results.

  13. [Lactic acidosis due to metformin accumulation complicating acute gastroenteritis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    DŽupová, Olga; Kulichová, Jana

    2016-12-01

    Lactic acidosis is the most severe adverse effect associated with metformin therapy of type 2 diabetes mellitus. The risk increases in patients with impaired renal function, most commonly due to diabetic nephropathy, and may be augmented when concurrent medication with a negative impact on renal function is used. The authors present a series of three patients who were admitted to a department of infectious diseases for acute gastroenteritis and within a few hours developed shock syndrome caused by severe lactic acidosis due to accumulation of metformin.

  14. Microbial causes of complicated acute bacterial rhinosinusitis and implications for empirical antimicrobial therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miah, M S; Nix, P; Koukkoullis, A; Sandoe, J

    2016-02-01

    Very little up-to-date information is available on the microbiology of complicated acute bacterial rhinosinusitis. Reliable microbiology testing is necessary to inform current empirical antimicrobial treatments. This study was conducted in response to recent US guidelines on antimicrobial treatments for acute bacterial rhinosinusitis. It aimed to describe the pathological micro-organisms involved in complicated acute bacterial rhinosinusitis in the UK and their antimicrobial susceptibility. This study collected retrospective data on cases of complicated acute bacterial rhinosinusitis with sinogenic orbital and/or intracranial infections from 2007 to 2012. Bacteria identified in paranasal sinus pus were compared with those identified in orbital and/or intracranial infections. Streptococcus anginosus group bacteria were isolated from 61.3 per cent of paranasal sinus pus samples, 83.3 per cent of orbital infections and 77.8 per cent of intracranial infections. All S anginosus isolates were sensitive to penicillin; no penicillin-resistant organisms were isolated. S anginosus was the predominant organism isolated from complicated acute bacterial rhinosinusitis samples at our UK centre. S anginosus is sensitive to penicillin, suggesting that penicillin can be used as an appropriate first-line empirical antibiotic for uncomplicated acute bacterial rhinosinusitis.

  15. [Clinical characteristics and gestational complications associated with acute hepatitis a in pregnancy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryu, Ho Seong; Park, Seon Young; Lim, Sung Ryoun; Kim, Hyung Il; Kee, Won Ju; Lee, Geum Soo; Hong, Gun Young; Cho, Sung Bum; Choi, Sung Kyu; Rew, Jong Sun

    2010-11-01

    Acute hepatitis A was recently significant increased among women with gestational age in Korea. However, the clinical course and gestational complications have not been fully elucidated in pregnant patients with acute hepatitis A. We evaluated the clinical impact of acute HAV infection in pregnancy. Twelve pregnant women out of 85 female patients with acute hepatitis A during 6 years were retrospectively reviewed. The median age of the pregnant group was 26.5 years old. The number of patient with acute hepatitis A were 5 cases in the 1st trimester, 3 cases in the 2nd and 4 cases in the 3rd. 4 cases had significant gestational complications. One case experienced the abortion in 1st trimester and one fetal distress was noted in 3rd trimester. The latter case was delivered of a low birth weight infant (2,390 g) caused by premature rupture of membrane in 36 weeks of gestational age. Other two cases experienced premature contraction and they had been required tocolytic treatment. But, all mothers featured full recovery from HAV infection. Except one aborted fetus and one premature birth, Newborn babies were not affected by maternal hepatitis A. Acute HAV infection during pregnancy may be associated with the risk of gestational complications. HAV serology and vaccination for women with gestation age should be considered at high prevalence area of acute hepatitis A.

  16. A STUDY OF POST-SURGICAL COMPLICATIONS IN ACUTE ABDOMEN CONDITIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bhooma Reddy Muthyala

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND The most common causes of the acute abdomen are acute appendicitis which may be perforated, typhoid ileal perforation, acute intestinal obstruction, gastroduodenal perforations, nonspecific abdominal pain, abdominal injuries, and acute cholecystitis. A summary of all the acute complications taken together will be the fact that all are associated with post-surgical complications. A sincere effort has been made to study the post-operative complications that a surgeon encounters while treating the acute abdomen cases. This study is intended to help the practising surgeons who deal with such complications. It also is intended to help the doctors who practice to identify such complications and thus refer the patients for immediate intervention. METHODS This study was conducted in the Department of General Surgery, Government Medical College, Nizamabad, Telangana. This study was done from June 2013 to May 2016. One hundred sixty patients who were admitted in the hospital after surgery for acute abdominal conditions were considered for the study. Thorough clinical examination was conducted and the complications that were encountered were noted and the complications were treated as per the need of the hour. The complications faced by the treating surgeon in each and every entity that was discussed earlier was duly noted and statistical analysis was conducted. All the statistical analysis was done using the latest SPSS software 2015 (California. RESULT In our study, the mean age of the study population was found to be 29.8 years. That means the majority of the patients who turn up in the Department of Emergency is young and generally in the third decade of life. In Acute Intestinal Obstruction and blunt abdominal injuries, significance of mortality is high (p<0.05. CONCLUSION The study was successful in proving that abdominal injuries are the main factors of causing morbidity and mortality in the younger generation. The surgical mode of

  17. Acute gingival bleeding as a complication of dengue hemorrhagic fever

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saif Khan

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Dengue fever is mosquito borne disease caused by dengue virus (DENV of Flaviviridae family. The clinical manifestations range from fever to severe hemorrhage, shock and death. Here, we report a case of 20-year-old male patient undergoing orthodontic treatment presenting with acute gingival bleeding with a history of fever, weakness, backache, retro orbital pain and ecchymosis over his right arm. The hematological investigations revealed anemia, thrombocytopenia and positive dengue non-structural protein-1 antigen and also positive immunoglobulin M and immunoglobulin G antibodies for DENV. Patient was diagnosed as a case of dengue hemorrhagic fever and was immediately referred for appropriate management. This case report emphasizes the importance of taking correct and thorough medical history.

  18. Hepatitis A complicated with acute renal failure and high hepatocyte growth factor: A case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oe, Shinji; Shibata, Michihiko; Miyagawa, Koichiro; Honma, Yuichi; Hiura, Masaaki; Abe, Shintaro; Harada, Masaru

    2015-08-28

    A 58-year-old man was admitted to our hospital. Laboratory data showed severe liver injury and that the patient was positive for immunoglobulin M anti-hepatitis A virus (HAV) antibodies. He was also complicated with severe renal dysfunction and had an extremely high level of serum hepatocyte growth factor (HGF). Therefore, he was diagnosed with severe acute liver failure with acute renal failure (ARF) caused by HAV infection. Prognosis was expected to be poor because of complications by ARF and high serum HGF. However, liver and renal functions both improved rapidly without intensive treatment, and he was subsequently discharged from our hospital on the 21(st) hospital day. Although complication with ARF and high levels of serum HGF are both important factors predicting poor prognosis in acute liver failure patients, the present case achieved a favorable outcome. Endogenous HGF might play an important role as a regenerative effector in injured livers and kidneys.

  19. Acute Kidney Injury Complicated Epstein-Barr Virus Infection in Infancy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gamze Ozgurhan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Infectious mononucleosis is an acute lymphoproliferative disorder caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV and seen most commonly in children and young adults. Clinical presentation of the disease is characterized by fever, tonsillopharyngitis, lymphadenopathy, and hepatosplenomegaly, whereas serological findings of this benign disorder include positive heterophilic antibody formation (transient increase in heterophilic antibodies and prominence of hematological lymphocytosis of more than 10% of atypical lymphocytes. An EBV infection is usually asymptomatic in childhood, but acute kidney injury can be a rare complication during its course. Most cases recover from the disease completely. Early recognition of EBV infection and estimation of its complication are important for its prognosis. In light of previous literature, we discuss the case evaluated as an EBV infection complicated by acute kidney injury in early childhood and results of tubulointerstitial nephritis shown on a renal biopsy that was later diagnosed as an EBV infection by serological examination.

  20. VALIDITY OF CONTRAST ENHANCED CT IN THE ASSESSMENT OF ACUTE PANCREATITIS AND ITS RELATED COMPLICATIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mannivanan

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND In the earlier days, ultrasonogram was considered as one of the most important investigation for pancreatitis, later the clinicians started using cholangiography in acute pancreatitis, but today CT is considered as a gold standard test in the diagnosis of acute pancreatitis. Though the sensitivity of CT in diagnosing acute pancreatitis was not studied much particularly in a mild case, but a good-quality contrast enhanced CT demonstrates distinct pancreatic and peri-pancreatic abnormalities. AIM To assess the importance of computed tomography in diagnosing acute pancreatitis and its related complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS A prospective study was conducted on 150 patients with clinically suspected pancreatitis. CT was performed on all the patients with Siemens Spiral CT scanner Sensation 16 slice. Oral contrast of was 1000 mL given one hour prior to the scan in the form of taking 250 mL every 15 mins. The CT severity index (CTSI and the necrosis point scoring was used to assess the severity of acute pancreatitis. All the complications related to acute pancreatitis were also assessed. RESULTS The CT analysis in the detection of acute pancreatitis showed the sensitivity of 100% and the positive predictive value of 97.3%. The severity index of acute pancreatitis based on the CT imaging had shown that majority of the patients are with moderate (60.6% level of acute pancreatitis. The necrosis point scoring showed that 54.6% of the patients had necrosis involving less than 30% of the pancreas. Among the various complications detected by CECT the commonest were pleural effusion and ascites. CONCLUSION CECT is the most important gold standard technique both for diagnosis as well as for predicting the prognosis in acute pancreatitis. The clinicians should routinely send the patient for the CT imaging whenever there is a suspicion of pancreatitis clinically.

  1. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA): a complication of acute infectious mononucleosis infection in a child.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, Jeffrey

    2014-03-01

    Independently, obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and infectious mononucleosis are not uncommon in the pediatric population, but acute onset of OSA, as a respiratory complication in the setting of acute EBV infection is extremely uncommon. Previous reports of this clinical entity are sparse and from nearly two decades ago. Urgent adenotonsillectomy was commonly advocated. This complication may be managed medically with systemic corticosteroids and non-invasive continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), and a case is presented to highlight an updated management approach to this rarely encountered clinical problem in children. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  2. Single-incision vs three-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy for complicated and uncomplicated acute cholecystitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chuang, Shu-Hung; Chen, Pai-Hsi; Chang, Chih-Ming; Lin, Chih-Sheng

    2013-11-21

    To compare the clinical outcome of single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SILC) and three-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (3ILC) for acute cholecystitis. From July 2009 to September 2012, 136 patients underwent SILC or 3ILC for acute cholecystitis at a tertiary referral hospital. One experienced surgeon performed every procedure using 5 or 10 mm 30-degree laparoscopes, straight instruments, and conventional ports. Five patients with perforated gallbladder and diffuse peritonitis and 23 patients with mild acute cholecystitis were excluded. The remaining 108 patients were divided into complicated and uncomplicated groups according to pathologic findings. Patient demography, clinical data, operative results and complications were recorded and analyzed. Fifty patients with gangrenous cholecystitis, gallbladder empyema, or hydrops were classified as the complicated group, and 58 patients with acute cholecystitis were classified as the uncomplicated group. Twenty-three (46.0%) of the patients in the complicated group (n = 50) and 39 (67.2%) of the patients in the uncomplicated group (n = 58) underwent SILC; all others underwent 3ILC. The postoperative length of hospital stay (PLOS) was significantly shorter in the SILC subgroups than the 3ILC subgroups (3.5 ± 1.1 d vs 4.6 ± 1.3 d, P acute cholecystitis. The main benefit is a faster recovery than that achieved with 3ILC.

  3. Acute Sinusitis Resulting in a Craniotomy: An Uncommon Complication of a Common Infection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Allison Price

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Acute bacterial sinusitis is a common infectious condition. Patients may initially present with an uncomplicated infection and later, despite appropriate initial antibiotic therapy, develop a potentially life-threatening complication. Interventions aimed at alleviating such unexpected events need be prompt and adequate. We describe a case of a patient who initially presented with signs and symptoms of acute sinusitis later to be diagnosed with a frontal epidural abscess.

  4. Acute pulmonary embolism leading to cavitation and large pulmonary abscess: A rare complication of pulmonary infarction

    OpenAIRE

    Koroscil, Matthew T.; Hauser, Timothy R.

    2017-01-01

    Pulmonary infarction is an infrequent complication of pulmonary embolism due to the dual blood supply of the lung. Autopsy studies have reported cavitation to occur in only 4–5% of all pulmonary infarctions with an even smaller proportion of these cases becoming secondarily infected. Patients with infected cavitating pulmonary infarction classically present with fever, positive sputum culture, and leukocytosis days to weeks following acute pulmonary embolism. We describe a rare case of acute ...

  5. Contribution of scanner to early detection of pleuropulmonary manifestations of asbestosis and silicosis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Champeix, J.; Gabrillargues, D.; Caillaud, D.; Catilina, P.; Catilina, M.J.; Chamoux, A.; Pignide, L.; Puvinel, B.

    1989-01-01

    The early detection of pleuropulmonary diseases in workers previously exposed to asbestos fibers or silica dusts is of importance. Current radiology often provides insufficient data. Can the CT-scan contribute to an early diagnosis. This technique was performed on both miners exposed to silicosis hazard and asbestos exposed workers.

  6. Acute Pancreatitis Complicated with Diabetic Ketoacidosis in a Young Adult without Hypertriglyceridemia: A Case Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Jung Hyun; Oh, Myung Jin

    2016-11-25

    Systemic complications related to acute pancreatitis include acute respiratory distress syndrome, multiple organ dysfunction syndrome, disseminated intravascular coagulation, hypocalcemia, hyperglycemia, and insulin dependent diabetes or diabetic ketoacidosis. In practice, the development of diabetic ketoacidosis induced by acute pancreatitis is rare and generally associated with hypertriglyceridemia. However, herein we report a case of a 34-year-old female without hypertriglyceridemia, who was diagnosed with acute pancreatitis complicated with diabetic ketoacidosis. The patient was admitted with complaints of febrile sensation, back pain, and abdominal pain around the epigastric area. Levels of serum amylase and lipase were elevated to 663 U/L and 3,232 U/L. Contrast-enhanced abdominal CT showed pancreatic swelling, peri-pancreatic fat infiltration and fluid collection. The patient was initially diagnosed with simple acute pancreatitis. Though the symptoms were rapidly relieved after initiation of treatment, severe hyperglycemia (575 mg/dL), severe metabolic acidosis (pH 6.9), and ketonuria developed at four days after hospitalization. However, serum triglyceride levels remained within the normal range (134 mg/dL). Finally, the patient was diagnosed with acute pancreatitis complicated with diabetic ketoacidosis unrelated to hypertriglyceridemia. She recovered through insulin and fluid therapy, and receives insulin therapy at the outpatient clinic.

  7. Acute opthalmologic complications during the use of oral contraceptives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friedman, S; Golan, A; Shoenfeld, A; Goldman, J

    1974-12-01

    This is a report of 3 cases of ocular damage which occurred during t he use of oral contraceptives. A 21-year-old woman experienced sudden loss of vision in her right eye after 4 months of combination type oral contraceptive therapy. Ocular tension was normal; the fundus showed occlusion of the central retinal artery. The other eye was normal. Anticoagulant medications were given iv and orally. The next day vision was improved and some restoration of circulation to the retina was noted. After 18 months vision and visual fields were normal in both eyes. In another case a 42-year-old patient experienced sudden loss of vision in her left eye. She had been taking contraceptive pills for 14 months. The right eye was normal. The fundus of the left eye showed evidence of acute occlusion of the central artery of the retina with only the temporal side of the field of vision retained. The oral contraceptive was discontinued and anticoagulation medication given. No improvement occurred. After 6 months total occlusion of the lower temporal artery remained. The third case, 1 21-year-old woman, complained of progressive blurring vision in the right eye for 2 weeks. She had taken oral contraceptives following a normal delivery 7 months previously but had stopped medication 1 month before admission. The affected eye showed a central scotoma and a markedly restricted visual field. Anticoaguland drugs and vitamin-B were given. After 7 days vision was markedly improved and the central scotoma had decreased in size. After another week vision and visual fields were normal. In this case an optic neuritis due to occlusion of a branch of the retinal artery was thought to have been present. Immediate therapy for such cases is important. Since estrogens have been implicated in the etiology of thromboembolic disease, smaller doses of this steroid (50 instead of 80 mcg) are recommended.

  8. Relationship between treatment delay and type of reperfusion therapy and mechanical complications of acute myocardial infarction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Magalhães, Pedro; Mateus, Pedro; Carvalho, Sofia; Leão, Sílvia; Cordeiro, Filipa; Moreira, J Ilídio

    2016-09-01

    The incidence of mechanical complications after acute myocardial infarction has markedly declined with the advent of reperfusion. Nevertheless there is some controversy about the equal effectiveness of the different reperfusion therapies in preventing these complications. We aimed to analyse how reperfusion therapy and treatment delay relate to the incidence of mechanical complications in a population of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients. We analysed all STEMI patients included in the second phase of the Portuguese Registry on Acute Coronary Syndromes, between October 2010 and July 2015. We compared both conservative medical treatment with reperfusion therapy and thrombolysis with primary percutaneous coronary intervention for mechanical complications. We also evaluated the impact of treatment delay on mechanical complications. Among 5230 STEMIs we observed 77 mechanical complications (1.5%). These were significantly more frequent in the non-reperfused patients (3.3% vs. 1.1%, P<0.001) and they were numerically higher in thrombolysis than in primary percutaneous coronary intervention patients (1.6% vs. 1.0%, respectively, P=0.282). Patients with mechanical complications had higher times from symptom onset to hospitalisation and to reperfusion. In multivariate analysis performing reperfusion therapy (odds ratio 0.52, 95% confidence interval 0.29-0.93) and a time from symptom onset to hospitalisation ⩾6 hours (odds ratio 2.44, 95% confidence interval 1.37-4.33) were independent predictors of mechanical complications. The type of reperfusion did not influence the occurrence of mechanical complications. A longer time from symptom onset to hospitalisation was associated with an increased number of mechanical complications. Timely reperfusion therapy prevented mechanical complications and no significant difference was found between thrombolysis and primary percutaneous coronary intervention. © The European Society of Cardiology 2016.

  9. [Legionnaires' disease complicated by rhabdomyolysis and acute renal failure: about a case].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bac, Arnaud; Ramadan, Ahmed Sabry; Youatou, Pierre; Mols, Pierre; Cerf, Dominique; Ngatchou, William

    2016-01-01

    Legionnaires' disease is a bacterial disease of the respiratory system caused by a gram-negative germ whose clinical manifestation can be benign limiting to flu-like syndrome or can be more severe being characterized by pneumonia which may be complicated by multisystem disease that can lead to death. We report the case of a 48 year-old patient with rhabdomyolysis complicated by acute renal failure following Legionella pneumophila pneumonia. We here highlight the pathophysiological aspects and treatment of this rare complication during Legionella infection.

  10. Acute kidney injury in ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction complicated by cardiogenic shock at admission.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marenzi, Giancarlo; Assanelli, Emilio; Campodonico, Jeness; De Metrio, Monica; Lauri, Gianfranco; Marana, Ivana; Moltrasio, Marco; Rubino, Mara; Veglia, Fabrizio; Montorsi, Piero; Bartorelli, Antonio L

    2010-02-01

    To evaluate the clinical and prognostic relevance of acute kidney injury (AKI) in the setting of ST-elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEMI) complicated by cardiogenic shock (CS). Prospective study. Single-center study, 13-bed intensive cardiac care unit at a University Cardiological Center. Ninety-seven consecutive STEMI patients with CS at admission, undergoing intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) support and primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). None. We measured serum creatinine at baseline and each day for the following 3 days. Acute kidney injury was defined as a rise in creatinine >25% from baseline. Overall, AKI occurred in 52 (55%) patients, and in 12 of these patients, a renal replacement therapy was required. In multivariate analysis, age >75 yrs (p = .005), left ventricular ejection fraction < or = 40% (p = .009), and use of mechanical ventilation (p = .01) were independent predictors of AKI. Patients developing AKI had a longer hospital stay, a more complicated clinical course, and significantly higher mortality rate (50% vs. 2.2%; p <.001) than patients without AKI. In our population, AKI was the strongest independent predictor of in-hospital mortality (relative risk 12.3, 95% confidence intervals 1.78 to 84.9; p <.001). In patients with STEMI complicated by CS, AKI represents a frequent clinical complication associated with a poor prognosis.

  11. [Prognostication of malignization and acute complications of gastric ulcer disease, using multiparametric neuronet clasterization].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dzyubanovskiy, I Ya; Selskiy, P R; Viytovych, L E

    2015-03-01

    Results of examination of 20 gastric ulcer disease patients were analyzed for delineation of a high risk group for an acute complications occurrence, and in whom the conduction of organ preserving preventive operative interventions is expedient. For prognostication such following indices were applied: quantity of cells-producents of various immunoglobulins, mitotic and apoptotic indices, relative volume of damaged epitheliocytes, the patients' age.

  12. Contemporary Review of Risk-Stratified Management in Acute Uncomplicated and Complicated Diverticulitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boermeester, Marja A; Humes, David J; Velmahos, George C; Søreide, Kjetil

    2016-10-01

    Acute colonic diverticulitis is a common clinical condition. Severity of the disease is based on clinical, laboratory, and radiological investigations and dictates the need for medical or surgical intervention. Recent clinical trials have improved the understanding of the natural history of the disease resulting in new approaches to and better evidence for the management of acute diverticulitis. We searched the Cochrane Library (years 2004-2015), MEDLINE (years 2004-2015), and EMBASE (years 2004-2015) databases. We used the search terms "diverticulitis, colonic" or "acute diverticulitis" or "divertic*" in combination with the terms "management," "antibiotics," "non-operative," or "surgery." Registers for clinical trials (such as the WHO registry and the https://clinicaltrials.gov/ ) were searched for ongoing, recruiting, or closed trials not yet published. Antibiotic treatment can be avoided in simple, non-complicated diverticulitis and outpatient management is safe. The management of complicated disease, ranging from a localized abscess to perforation with diffuse peritonitis, has changed towards either percutaneous or minimally invasive approaches in selected cases. The role of laparoscopic lavage without resection in perforated non-fecal diverticulitis is still debated; however, recent evidence from two randomised controlled trials has found a higher re-intervention in this group of patients. A shift in management has occurred towards conservative management in acute uncomplicated disease. Those with uncomplicated acute diverticulitis may be treated without antibiotics. For complicated diverticulitis with purulent peritonitis, the use of peritoneal lavage appears to be non-superior to resection.

  13. Bilateral psoas and bilateral perinephric abscesses complicating acute pyelonephritis in pregnancy

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    I Veerappan

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Acute pyelonephritis complicates 1-2% of pregnancies and causes significant maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. The diagnosis of renal tuberculosis (TB is often delayed and commonly presents with sterile pyuria or along with other pyogenic organisms. We report a case where the diagnosis of renal TB was missed in a pregnant woman when she presented with acute pyelonephritis, septic shock, and acute renal failure. There was clinical recovery with antibiotics, but bilateral psoas and perinephric abscesses (TB, Enterococcus sp., and E. coli were diagnosed when she presented with loin pain and palpable left renal angle swelling. Bilateral psoas abscess due to TB in the absence of skeletal TB and human immunodeficiency virus infection is rare. The presentation of renal TB in pregnancy, its complications, and its management are discussed.

  14. Oral complications and dental care in children with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valéra, Marie-Cécile; Noirrit-Esclassan, Emmanuelle; Pasquet, Marléne; Vaysse, Fréderic

    2015-08-01

    Acute leukaemia is the most common type of childhood cancer, the acute lymphoblastic type accounting for the majority of cases. Children affected by leukaemia receive various forms of treatments including chemotherapeutic agents and stem cell transplants. Leukaemia and its treatment can directly or indirectly affect oral health and further dental treatments. The oral complications include mucositis, opportunistic infections, gingival inflammation and bleeding, xerostomia and carious lesions. An additional consideration in children is the impact of the treatments on the developing dentition and on orofacial growth. The aim of this review is to describe the oral complications in children with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia and the methods of prevention and management before, during and after the cancer treatment. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  15. Surgeon, not disease severity, often determines the operation for acute complicated diverticulitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jafferji, Mohammad S; Hyman, Neil

    2014-06-01

    The "best" operation in the setting of acute complicated diverticulitis has been debated for decades. Multiple studies, including a recent prospective randomized trial, have reported improved outcomes with primary anastomosis. The aim of this study was to determine whether surgeon or patient-specific factors drives the choice of operative procedure. Consecutive adult patients with sigmoid diverticulitis, requiring emergent operative treatment for acute complicated diverticulitis, from 1997 to 2012 at an academic medical center, were identified from a prospectively maintained complications database. Patient characteristics, surgeon, choice of operation, and outcomes including postoperative complications and stoma reversal were noted. The use of primary anastomosis and associated outcomes between colorectal and noncolorectal surgeons were compared. There were 151 patients who underwent urgent resection during the study period, and 136 met inclusion criteria. Eighty-two resections (65.1%) were performed by noncolorectal surgeons and 44 by colorectal surgeons (34.9%). Noncolorectal surgeons performed more Hartmann procedures (68.3% vs 40.9%, p = 0.01) despite similar demographics, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) classification, and Hinchey stage. Length of stay, time to stoma reversal, ICU days, and postoperative complications were lower in the colorectal group (43.2% vs 16.7, p = 0.02). Although patient-specific factors are important, surgeon is a potent predictor of operation performed in the setting of severe acute diverticulitis. A more aggressive approach to primary anastomosis may lower the complication rate after surgical treatment for severe acute diverticulitis. Copyright © 2014 American College of Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. Levofloxacin in the treatment of complicated urinary tract infections and acute pyelonephritis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jessina C McGregor

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Jessina C McGregor, George P Allen, David T BeardenOregon State University College of Pharmacy, Portland, OR, USAAbstract: Levofloxacin is a widely used fluoroquinolone approved for the treatment of complicated urinary tract infections and acute pyelonephritis. A comprehensive review of the medical literature identified five publications evaluating levofloxacin for the treatment of either complicated urinary tract infections or acute pyelonephritis. All trials, although variable in their inclusion criteria and levofloxacin dosing strategies, reported microbiologic, clinical, and safety-related outcomes. High microbiologic eradication rates, ranging from 79.8% to 95.3%, were observed in all studies. Escherichia coli was the most commonly isolated uropathogen. Data on levofl oxacin resistance, both at baseline and after therapy, were limited. Clinical success was observed to range from 82.6% to 93% when measured after the completion of therapy. These clinical and microbiologic results were comparable to the fluoroquinolone comparators in all trials. Insufficient data are available to evaluate the outcomes in any meaningful patient subgroups, including catheterized patients, and those with other specific complicating factors. Levofloxacin was well tolerated in these studies, with headache, gastrointenstinal effects, and dizziness being the most commonly reported adverse events. The published data support the use of levofloxacin in complicated urinary tract infections and acute pyelonephritis. Further trials are necessary to evaluate levofl oxacin within specific patient sub-populations.Keywords: urinary tract infection, pyelonephritis, levofloxacin

  17. Updated strategies to treat acute arterial complications associated with total knee and hip arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Troutman, Douglas A; Dougherty, Matthew J; Spivack, Adam I; Calligaro, Keith D

    2013-10-01

    Traditional treatment of acute arterial complications associated with total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and total hip arthroplasty (THA) has generally included arteriography followed by open surgery. The purpose of this study was to describe our evolution from open surgery to preferential endovascular treatment for acute arterial complications of TKA and THA. We analyzed our computerized database registry and patient charts for vascular interventions associated with TKA and THA at a hospital with a large volume of orthopedic surgery to determine changing trends in endovascular intervention for these complications. Between 1989 and 2012, 39,196 TKA (26,374 total: 23,205 primary; 3169 revisions) and THA (12,822 total: 10,293 primary; 2529 revisions) were performed. Vascular surgery consultation was provided for the treatment of acute ischemia, hemorrhage, ischemia with hemorrhage, and pseudoaneurysm formation. All interventions were performed within 30 days of joint replacement. A total of 49 (0.13%) acute arterial complications occurred over the 23-year period: 37 (76%) associated with TKA and 12 (24%) with THA. Arterial injury was detected on the same day as the orthopedic procedure in 28 patients, between postoperative days 1 and 5 in 18 patients, and between postoperative days 5 and 30 in three patients. The arterial complications caused ischemia in 28 patients (58%), hemorrhage in six (12%), ischemia with hemorrhage in six (12%), and pseudoaneurysm in nine (18%). Treatment included solely endovascular intervention in 12 (25%), failed endovascular treatment converted to open surgery in one (2%), and open surgery alone in 36 (73%) patients. Before 2002, only 6% (2/32; 2 TKA) of patients were successfully treated with endovascular intervention compared with 59% (10/17; 9 TKA, 1 THA) after June 2002 (P = .0004). There was no mortality, and limb salvage was achieved in all patients. Although the majority of acute arterial complications after TKA and THA are diagnosed on

  18. Clinical features and outcomes of patients with severe acute pancreatitis complicated with gangrenous cholecystitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Er-Zhen; Huang, Jie; Xu, Zhi-Wei; Fei, Jian; Mao, En-Qiang; Zhang, Sheng-Dao

    2013-06-01

    The effects of gangrenous cholecystitis (GC) and consequent surgical interventions on the clinical outcomes and prognosis of patients with severe acute pancreatitis are not clear. The present study was to characterize the clinical outcomes of patients with severe acute pancreatitis complicated with GC. We retrospectively analyzed 253 consecutive patients hospitalized for acute pancreatitis in intensive care unit. Among them, 68 were diagnosed as having severe acute pancreatitis; 10 out of the 68 patients had GC. We compared these 10 patients with GC and 58 patients without GC. The indices analyzed included sepsis/septic shock, pancreatic encephalopathy, acute respiratory distress syndrome, acute renal failure, multiple organ dysfunction syndrome, and death. Specific CT images of GC in patients with severe acute pancreatitis included enlarged and high-tensioned gallbladder, wall thickening, lumenal emphysema, discontinuous and/or irregular enhancement of mucosa, and pericholecystic effusion. The rates of severe sepsis/septic shock (70.0% vs 24.1%, Pacute respiratory distress syndrome (90.0% vs 41.4%, Pacute renal failure (40.0% vs 27.6%, Pacute pancreatitis; early diagnosis and intervention for patients with GC can reduce morbidity and mortality.

  19. Acute promyelocytic leukemia treated with idarubicin complicated by focal segmental glomerulosclerosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bariş, Safa; Ozdil, Mine; Topal, Nilüfer; Doğru, Omer; Ozdemir, Nihal; Sever, Lale; Albayram, Sait; Kiliçaslan, Işin; Celkan, Tiraje

    2010-03-01

    The authors report a 9-year-old boy presenting with a left cerebral ischemic infarction as the first manifestation of acute promyelocytic leukemia. During consolidation chemotherapy, the patient developed nephrotic syndrome and a renal biopsy revealed focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS). Remission in bone marrow was achieved with chemotherapy, however, new intracranial ischemic areas developed on follow-up. Acute promyelocytic leukemia complicated by FSGS has not been previously reported in children. There may be a relationship between anthracycline treatment and FSGS. Thrombosis could be related with both leukemia and nephrotic syndrome, here thrombosis was the initial symptom, before FSGS was diagnosed.

  20. Acute felon as a complication of systemic paclitaxel therapy: case report and review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hijjawi, John B; Dennison, David G

    2007-09-01

    Breast cancer now affects 1 in 8 American women and the taxane agent paclitaxel (Taxol Bristol-Myers Squibb) is a major tool in the treatment of many such patients. Hand surgeons are therefore likely to encounter upper extremity complications related to the use of taxane therapy. We present an unusual case of a felon developing in a breast cancer patient on paclitaxel therapy with no antecedent history of trauma. Whereas onycholysis and subungual hemorrhage are reported complications of taxane therapy (Fig. 1), an acute felon with or without associated paronychia is an unusual and more aggressive manifestation of this drug-related nail dystrophy.

  1. Can pleuropulmonary paragonimiasis be cured by only the 1st set of chemotherapy? Treatment outcome and clinical features of recently developed pleuropulmonary paragonimiasis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oh, In-Jae; Kim, Yu-Il; Chi, Su-Young; Ban, Hee-Jung; Kwon, Yong-Soo; Kim, Kyu-Sik; Kim, Young-Chul; Kim, Yun-Hyeon; Seon, Hyun Ju; Lim, Sung-Chul; Shin, Hee-Young; Kim, Soo-Ock

    2011-01-01

    Most patients with pleuropulmonary paragonimiasis can be cured by the initial single set of Praziquantel (PZQ) treatment. However, several cases have been reported to have unsatisfactory responses to the initial PZQ treatment. The objective of this study was to evaluate the clinical findings of patients with pleuropulmonary paragonimiasis who needed additional PZQ treatment after the 1st set chemotherapy. Thirty-two patients who were diagnosed with pleuropulmonary paragonimiasis at our institution between 2003 and 2008 were retrospectively reviewed. All patients were treated initially with PZQ for 3 days (1st set chemotherapy). Twenty-four patients (75.0%) showed improvement in respiratory symptoms and pulmonary involvements. However, eight patients (25.0%) suffered from relapsed respiratory symptoms and pleural effusion. For these patients, an additional 2nd set PZQ treatment resulted in the resolution of the symptoms and pulmonary involvements. The characteristics of patients who needed multi-set treatments were as follows; longer duration of respiratory symptoms (single vs multi-set treatment group; 6.67 ± 8.08 vs 17.86 ± 11.84 weeks, p=0.009), higher IgG titer (optical density, O.D.) for Pargonimus westermani (ELISA O.D. for PW, 0.54 ± 0.19 vs 0.88 ± 0.16 O.D., p=0.001) and higher frequency of multiple pulmonary lesions (% of patients with multiple lesions; 16.7% vs 50.0%, p=0.059). The patients who had a longer duration of respiratory symptoms, higher ELISA titer for PW and/or multiple pulmonary lesions needed an additional PZQ treatment after the 1st set of chemotherapy. Close follow-up after the initial treatment is necessary especially for such patients.

  2. Early acute ischaemic stroke in two patients with acute type B aortic dissection: an unusual complication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    AlGhamdi, Abdullah; Alqahtani, Saeed; Ricketti, Meagan; Aziz, Salim

    2015-08-04

    Aortic thoracic dissection (AD) is a serious cardiovascular disease. According to the Stanford classification; type A involves the ascending aorta and type B the descending distal to the left subclavian artery. Neurological complications secondary to AD are devastating. Ischaemic stroke and hypoxic encephalopathy are early-recognised complications of type A as the arch vessels can be involved AD. Although, late ischaemic stroke had been reported in 1.4-5% of patients with type B dissection, early stroke is very unusual as it cannot be simply explained by AD anatomical pathogenesis. We report two patients who presented with type B AD complicated by early ischaemic strokes. Work-up revealed significant cardiomyopathies in both patients but with left ventricle thrombus in one. In both patients the strokes were felt to be of cardioembolic origin. 2015 BMJ Publishing Group Ltd.

  3. Intra-abdominal pressure in third trimester pregnancy complicated by acute pancreatitis: an observational study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Liqun; Li, Weiqin; Sun, Fuxi; Geng, Yanxia; Tong, Zhihui; Li, Jieshou

    2015-09-22

    It is known that intra-abdominal hypertension has high morbidity in acute pancreatitis and has detrimental effects on patients. For third trimester pregnancy complicated by acute pancreatitis, the intra-abdominal pressure may have its own characteristic. This article will discuss this clinical scenario. This observational study in a cohort group was performed in the surgical intensive care unit of a tertiary hospital. Medical records were reviewed from each acute pancreatitis exactly in third trimester pregnancy. The main statistical methods were Mann-Whitney U test and bivariate Pearson correlation analysis. During the study interval, there were totally 17 pregnancies complicated by acute pancreatitis in the third trimester. All cases with moderate or severe acute pancreatitis had intra-abdominal hypertension of mean value of 16.7 mm Hg (range, 12.9-22.0 mm Hg). The intra-abdominal pressure had significant correlation with APACHE II score (r = 0.7456, p = 0.0006), while a negative correlation was showed with the umbilical artery pH value and with 1-min Apgar score (r = -0.8232, p = 0.0005; r = -0.7465, p = 0.0034; respectively). The intra-abdominal pressure of those with live infants was lower than that of those with dead ones (13.78 ± 2.554 vs. 19.84 ± 1.695, p = 0.0019). The incidence of intra-abdominal hypertension seems higher in moderate or severe acute pancreatitis in third trimester pregnancy than the non-pregnant cases but there's no significance in this study. Acute elevated intra-abdominal pressure accounts for great association with mother's serious scenario and fetal mortality.

  4. Acute and subacute cardiac complications following radiotherapy in patients with left breast cancer

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    Salari

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available "nBackground: Radiation to some parts of the heart is unavoidable in the therapeutic course of primary tumors in many kinds of cancer, including breast cancer. The aim of this study was to assess the frequency of acute and subacute cardiac complications following radiotherapy in patients with left breast cancer. "nMethods: In this study, we enrolled 53 patients with left breast cancer who underwent mastectomy or lumpectomy between September 2005 and September 2006 in Imam Khomeini Hospital Complex, and subsequently underwent chemotherapy with anthracyclines (<450mg/m2 and Endoxan plus taxane/fFluorouracil followed by radiotherapy. In all patients, electrocardiography and echocardiography were performed before initiation of radiotherapy, immediately after radiotherapy and again three and six months later to check for radiotherapy-induced cardiac complications such as pericardial effusion, valvular lesions, left ventricular dysfunction, conduction system disturbances and other variables. "nResults: Thirty-nine patients completed the follow-up period. Among these, 10 (25.6% patients experienced cardiac complications following radiotherapy. Among these, mild pericardial effusion in seven (53.85% patients, mild mitral regurgitation in three cases (23.08% and Right Bundle Branch Block (RBBB in two cases (15.38% were the most common complications. We found no correlation between cardiac complication and tumor dose, dose fraction and type of chemotherapy protocol. We noted no cases of new or more serious complications, such as cardiomyopathies or coronary artery disease, nor any changes in ejection fraction by the end of the follow-up period. "nConclusion: In patients with left breast cancer, acute and subacute cardiac complications following radiotherapy are not serious and have no clinical significance. Further studies are needed for more assessments in this area.

  5. α-Lipoic acid treatment of aged type 2 diabetes mellitus complicated with acute cerebral infarction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, L; Hu, F-X

    2014-01-01

    This study aims to evaluate the efficacy and safety of α-lipoic acid in the treatment of aged type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) complicated with acute cerebral infarction. 90 patients were randomly divided into two groups, on the basis of conventional treatment. The experiment group was administrated with α-lipoic acid, while only Vitamin C for the control group, for 3 consecutive weeks. Before and after the experiment, superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels were measured and scored with the NIHSS (National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale), and the changes of blood glucose, insulin function and other indicators were observed. After the treatment, the plasma SOD and GSH-Px levels increased, while MDA decreased (p aged T2DM complicated with acute cerebral infarction, significantly reducing the patient's oxidative stress, blood glucose and lipid levels and being able to improve islet function.

  6. Imaging Features of the Pleuropulmonary Manifestations of Rheumatoid Arthritis: Pearls and Pitfalls

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    Harbir S Sidhu

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Rheumatoid arthritis (RA is a common disorder that affects the joints. RA is a systemic disease associated with relatively frequent and variable pleuropulmonary manifestations. This article reviews the common and potentially serious thoracic sequelae in terms of pleural disease, pulmonary nodules, airways disorders, and interstitial disease, as well as pulmonary side effects of antirheumatic medication. An imaging-guided approach to classification of RA-associated lung disease is outlined and the comparative values of different imaging modalities are discussed. An appreciation of current knowledge of epidemiology, pathological correlation, and prognostic implications of different RA-associated lung disease is provided. We highlight importance of considering pertinent differential diagnoses to avoid misdiagnosis, and outline common pitfalls in dealing with pleuropulmonary rheumatoid disease.

  7. Rhinosinusitis in children: a comparison of patients requiring surgery for acute complications versus chronic disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stokken, Janalee; Gupta, Amar; Krakovitz, Paul; Anne, Samantha

    2014-01-01

    Patient characteristics, risk factors, and microbiology are important to consider in the management of complications of acute bacterial sinusitis (ABS) in pediatric patients. This study evaluates this subset of patients and compares them to patients that undergo surgery for chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). This study is a retrospective review of all pediatric patients from 2002 to 2011, who underwent sinus surgery at a tertiary hospital. Patients who underwent surgery for ABS complication were compared to patients who underwent surgery for CRS. Statistical analysis was completed using chi-square test or Fisher's exact test with a statistical significance set at pcomplication of ABS and 77 patients with CRS were analyzed. The groups did not differ demographically. Patients with a complication were statistically less likely to have seasonal allergies, prior sinusitis, prior nasal steroid use, or adenoidectomy (pcomplication group, and normal flora (41.5%), coagulase negative Staphylococcus (22%), and Propionobacterium (19.5%) for the CRS group. Most prevalent complications were preseptal cellulitis (55.5%), orbital subperiosteal abscess (29.6%), subgaleal abscess (22%), and epidural abscess (22%). Five patients had simultaneous orbital and intracranial complications. Patients who present with complications of ABS vary significantly from the CRS patients. Location of most commonly affected sinuses and microbiology also differ and is crucial for understanding the management of this disease process. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Leptospirosis presenting as ascending progressive leg weakness and complicating with acute pancreatitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andre Pacheco Silva

    Full Text Available Leptospirosis is a spirochetal bacterial infection of great public health importance. It has a broad spectrum of clinical manifestations which goes from subclinical infection and self-limited anicteric febrile illness (80-90% of all cases to icteric leptospiropirosis known as Weil's disease. This is a severe disease characterized by hemorrhage, acute renal failure and jaundice. It is uncommon for leptospirosis to present itself as a primary neurological disease. Additionally, acute pancreatitis is an unusual gastrointestinal manifestation. We report a case of leptospirosis presenting as ascending progressive leg weakness and complicating with acute pancreatitis in an adult patient treated at Hospital Universitário, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina. The diagnosis was confirmed through ELISA-IgM antibody testing positive for leptospirosis. After antibiotic therapy and support treatment for a few weeks, total resolution of severe manifestations was achieved. Rare and unusual presentations of leptospirosis should be kept in mind in relevant epidemiological scenario.

  9. Acute pancreatitis in pregnancy: a comparison of associated conditions, treatments and complications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilbert, Audrey; Patenaude, Valerie; Abenhaim, Haim A

    2014-09-01

    Acute pancreatitis is a rare condition in pregnancy. The aim of this study is to compare associated conditions, treatments and complications of pancreatitis in pregnant and age-matched non-pregnant controls. We carried out a population-based retrospective cohort study using the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Nationwide Inpatient Sample (HCUP-NIS) from 2003 to 2010. A cohort of pregnant women with acute pancreatitis was created and compared to a created age-matched cohort of non-pregnant women with acute pancreatitis at a 1:4 ratio. Comparisons of associated conditions, treatment types, and complications were carried out using unconditional logistic regression. We identified 7725 cases of acute pancreatitis in pregnancy. As compared to non-pregnant controls, pancreatitis in pregnancy was more likely to be associated with cholelithiasis and less likely with hyperlipidemia and alcohol abuse. Pancreatitis in pregnancy was more likely to be treated with parenteral nutrition and less likely to undergo endoscopic sphincterotomy. As compared to non-pregnant controls, pregnant women with pancreatitis were less likely to have pancreatic pseudocysts/hemorrhage/necrosis, generalized peritonitis, adult respiratory distress syndrome, disseminated intravascular coagulation, and death. Pancreatitis in pregnancy is predominantly caused by cholelithiasis, and unlike in the non-pregnant state, usually has a milder course.

  10. [Update on levofloxacin in the management of acute sinusitis with risk of complications].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pessey, Jean-Jacques

    2002-06-15

    THE DIAGNOSIS OF ACUTE BACTERIAL MAXILLARY SINUSITIS: Is based on at least two of three major criteria: sinus pain, unilateral signs, increasingly voluminous and purulent rhinorrhea. Minor criteria can also be retained for diagnosis if they persist for three days. THE NEED FOR ANTIBIOTIC THERAPY: In this diagnostic context is undeniable, similar to the situation after failure of symptomatic treatment or complication. Likewise for unilateral maxillary sinusitis due to homolateral infection of the superior dental archade or for frontal, ethmoidal, or sphemoïdal sinusities. THE MOST FREQUENTLY CAUSAL BACTERIA: Are Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae. For first intention treatment generally relies on beta-lactams (amoxicilin/clavulanic acid, second or third generation cephalosporins); pristinamycin may also be useful. Fluoroquinolones active against pneumococci, e.g. levofloxacin, are reserved for cases of sinusitis with risk of complications and for second line treatment after failure in patients with acute maxillary sinusitis. COMPLICATIONS OF SINUSITIS: Can result from anatomic anomalies or from infectious mechanisms such as metastasis of a locoregional infection: peri-orbital cellulitis, orbital cellulitis, thrombophlebitis of the cavernous sinus, extradural, subdural or intracerebral abscess. Three clinical trials are under way to assess efficacy in the treatment of complicated or high risk sinusitis.

  11. Acute brain ischemia as a complication of the Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, the case series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pajak, Michal; Majos, Marcin A; Szubert, Wojciech; Stefanczyk, Ludomir; Majos, Agata

    2014-10-01

    Vascular type of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome involves many severe complications leading not only to organ-specific symptoms but often ends in a sudden death. The aim of this paper was to present a diagnostic possibilities and its efficiency rate in patients with vascular complications of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome who suffered from artery dissection resulting in acute brain or limb ischemia. We analysed three patients with diagnosed Ehlers-Danlos syndrome who were referred to radiology department for diagnostic imaging of affected vascular beds, each experienced brain ischemia. The paper also aims at offering some general recommendations for patients suffering from possible complications of type IV Ehlers-Danlos syndrome basing on our own experience and available literature data. © The Author(s) 2013 Reprints and permissions: sagepub.co.uk/journalsPermissions.nav.

  12. Current Concepts and New Trends in the Treatment of Cardiogenic Shock Complicating Acute Myocardial Infarction

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    Benedek Theodora

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Cardiogenic shock (CS is a critical condition which often complicates the evolution of an acute myocardial infarction (AMI. At the same time, co-existence of chronic multi-vessel disease can lead to the development of cardiogenic shock in cases with pronounced haemodynamic instability. Different clinical studies have tried to identify the most appropriate treatment for critical cases of CS complicating AMI. This review aims to present the current status of recommended therapeutic strategies for severe cases of CS presenting as a complication of AMI, and try to shed light on the most appropriate therapeutic strategy as outlined in the current literature. The paper will discuss the different current strategies available for use in the treatment of this condition, includig interventional revascularisation, (complete or culprit, the role of new devices for providing mechanical circulatory support, and the potential role of new drug therapies and of hypothermia.

  13. Acute oral complications in a pediatric patient with acute lymphoid leukemia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamasaki, Yoko; Satoh, Kyoko; Nishiguchi, Miyuki; Hoshino, Tomonori; Fujiwara, Taku

    2016-06-01

    Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a low-virulence pathogen that can cause infection in immunocompromised patients. Among pediatric hematologists, it is known that careful attention should be paid to P. aeruginosa as the bacteria responsible for intraoral inflammation, and antibiotic therapy targeting P. aeruginosa is the first-line treatment during neutropenia in patients with hematological malignancy. Immunosuppressed patients, however, are at high risk of developing inflammation. Here, we report a case involving a 10-year-old patient with acute lymphoid leukemia (ALL), in which P. aeruginosa synergistically acted with pre-existing gingivitis to induce unusual oral necrotic lesions, leading to acute buccal cellulitis and pus discharge from external sinus tracts. © 2015 Japan Pediatric Society.

  14. Orbital complications of acute sinusitis: changes in the post-pneumococcal vaccine era.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peña, Maria T; Preciado, Diego; Orestes, Michael; Choi, Sukgi

    2013-03-01

    The widespread use of the 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PVC7), developed to combat invasive Streptococcus pneumoniae infections, has the potential to influence the prevalence and antibiotic resistance patterns of pathogens associated with orbital complications from acute sinusitis. Given the significant morbidity that may result from inadequate treatment of orbital infections related to acute sinusitis, determining the impact of PCV7 on the bacteriology and drug resistance of the pathogens associated with these infections may provide critical information needed to accurately guide optimal clinical management. To determine if the characteristics of orbital complications from acute sinusitis in children have changed in the post-PCV7 era. Review of clinical data. Tertiary care children's hospital. Patients with a diagnosis of orbital cellulitis and/or subperiosteal abscess from January 1, 1996, to December 31, 2009. Patients with immune deficiency or orbital trauma were excluded. Patients were divided into pre-PCV7 (before 2003 [n = 128]) and post-PCV7 (2003 and after [n = 145]) groups. Statistical analyses were used to compare the 2 groups. Differences in patient demographics, signs and symptoms, laboratory study results, computed tomography scan findings, and microbiological analyses between the pre-PCV7 and post-PCV7 groups. A total of 273 children met the inclusion criteria. The post-PCV7 group was older (71.4 months vs 88.8 months [P = .007]) than the pre-PCV7 group. A significant decrease in S pneumoniae and Streptococcus viridans -positive sinus or blood cultures were observed (22.4% vs 0% [P sinusitis complications in this series, there has been a parallel and significant increase in S aureus, including an increase in the prevalence of MRSA associated with orbital infections related to acute sinusitis.

  15. Orbital complications of acute sinusitis in infants: a systematic review and report of a case.

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    Sharma, Saurabh; Josephson, Gary D

    2014-11-01

    Orbital infections from acute sinusitis are rare in neonates and infants and can lead to devastating complications. To our knowledge, no prior dedicated review exists for evaluation, treatment, and outcomes of orbital complications in this age group. To perform a systematic review over the past 50 years on the diagnosis and treatment of orbital complications secondary to acute sinusitis in neonates and infants and report a case. A systematic review of the literature was performed searching PubMed to collect all the pertinent case reports and series in the English language with subperiosteal orbital abscess (SPOA) or orbital abscess in neonates or infants (date range, 1959-2012). Eleven cases of SPOA in infants were identified, including our current case. Ages ranged from 10 to 74 days. There were 6 female and 5 male infants. The right eye was affected in 5 cases, the left in 5, and both in 1. There was 1 mortality in this series for which surgical drainage was not performed. Staphylococcus aureus was the most common organism isolated in 9 of 11 cases. Seven of the cases had open surgical drainage, 2 had endoscopic procedures (including our case), and 1 had spontaneous rupture of the abscess. An orbital complication due to acute sinusitis is rare in infants and neonates. Drainage in this patient population appears to be paramount, since the only infant in this series who did not receive drainage had died. Modern telescopes and equipment have allowed endoscopic drainage to be a safe and effective surgical treatment in this age group.

  16. [Acute complicated and uncomplicated pyelonephritis in the emergency department: process-of-care indicators and outcomes].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delgado Vicente, Miriam; Lecaroz Agara, Mª Concepción; Barrios Andrés, José Luis; Canut Blasco, Andrés

    2017-02-01

    To assess process-of-care indicators and outcomes in acute pyelonephritis (APN) in a general hospital emergency department, and compare them between uncomplicaed and complicated APN. Retrospective study of consecutive patients discharged with a diagnosis of APN. We studied health processof- care indicators (percentage admitted, avoidable hospitalization, appropriate initial antibiotic therapy, urine and blood cultures) and outcomes (hospital length of stay [LOS], discharge from the emergency department, revisits, mortality, yields of microbiological tests ordered). A total of 529 cases (59% of them complicated) were included. Patients with uncomplicated APN were significantly younger on average (mean, 39 years) than patients with complicated APN (56 years). Escherichia coli was the most common pathogen identified, although the percentage of E coli infection was lower in patients with complicated APN (78%) than in patients with uncomplicated APN (95%). The rates of admission and orders for urine and blood cultures were significantly higher and hospital LOS was longer in the group with complicated APN. Moreover, these patients had even longer stays if the initial antibiotic therapy was inappropriate. Significantly more patients with uncomplicated APN were discharged from the emergency department. Sixty-one percent of patients with uncomplicated APN were admitted; 9% of these cases were considered avoidable hospitalizations. Complicated APN is diagnosed more often in older patients, and E coli infection causes a smaller proportion of these cases. Hospital LOS is longer in complicated APN and more urine and blood cultures are ordered. Patients with uncomplicated APN are more often discharged from the emergency department, although the number of avoidable hospitalizations seems high based on the rate found in this study.

  17. Ischemic lesion of the colon as a complication of severe acute pancreatitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manca Godec

    2006-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: Colonic involvement is an uncommon complication of severe acute pancreatitis. Several pathogenic mechanisms have been proposed. Diagnosis of colonic pathology is difficult. The definitive diagnosis depends on the surgeon and has to be made intraoperatively. The treatment of choice is resection of the affected segment with forming of a (temporary coloor ileostomy and a distal mucous fistula.Material and methods: The paper presents a case study of two middle-aged patients, who were initially treated conservatively due to the acute pancreatitis. The spread of the necrotic pancreatic tissue caused the infiltration and necrosis of the transverse mesocolon. They were treated operatively.Conclusions: Colonic pathology complicating acute pancreatitis is known to be associated with high mortality. In two case studies we are presenting that the necrosis and perforation of the transverse mesocolon appeared after some time, however, the cause and the extent of the involvement were discovered not earlier than before the operation. A year after the resection of the affected segment we decided for the continual operation considering the age of the patient, good health condition and better quality of life.

  18. Acute eosinophilic pneumonia complicating Coccidioides immitis pneumonia: a case report and literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swartz, Justin; Stoller, James K

    2009-01-01

    Though peripheral eosinophilia commonly accompanies infection with Coccidioides immitis, pulmonary eosinophilia in patients with C. immitis and multilobar infiltrates has been reported in only three prior cases to our knowledge. To enhance clinicians' suspicion of an unusual complication of C. immitis pneumonia and the treatment implications, we present a patient with an initial diagnosis of acute eosinophilic pneumonia [based on bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid analysis and transbronchial biopsy] followed several days later by a diagnosis of accompanying C. immitis pneumonia when BAL fluid cultures grew fungus. In keeping with the suspicion of acute eosinophilic pneumonia, the patient responded dramatically to corticosteroids before antifungal therapy was initiated. This patient with pulmonary eosinophilia complicating C. immitis pneumonia extends earlier reports of a hypersensitivity-like reaction to C. immitis pneumonia and, based on the dramatic acute clinical response, reminds clinicians of the potential adjunctive role of corticosteroids. At the same time, the possible adverse effects of using corticosteroids in patients with fungal disease warrants caution and close follow-up in patients for whom steroids are prescribed. (c) 2007 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  19. Transnasal endoscopic treatment of orbital complications of acute sinusitis: the Graz concept.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teinzer, Fabian; Stammberger, Heinz; Tomazic, Peter Valentin

    2015-05-01

    Orbital complications of acute sinusitis can be severe. Nowadays, surgical drainage of intraorbital abscess formations is performed endoscopically in the majority of cases. This study aims to illustrate the Graz experience in the endoscopic treatment of orbital complications and to present our treatment algorithm. In a retrospective study, 53 patients were examined who were referred to the Department of General Otorhinolaryngology of the ENT-University Hospital Graz from 2000 to 2011. Of 53 patients, men were affected more frequently than women (n=37, 69.81% vs n=16, 30.19%). The following diagnoses were obtained: 9 preseptal cellulitis, 7 orbital cellulitis, 14 subperiosteal abscesses, and 23 orbital abscesses. In 16 patients, a conservative therapy was administered; 37 patients underwent surgery, most of them purely endoscopically (n=31, 83.78%). Two of the patients who underwent conservative treatment and 7 of those who underwent surgery experienced a recurrence (n=9, 16.98%). Based on analysis of our recurrences, we have tried to create the optimal treatment algorithm as a point of reference in the management of orbital complications of acute sinusitis. In this way, 7 of 9 recurrences could have been avoided, equaling a hypothetical recurrence rate of 3.77% instead of 16.98% (hypothetical success rate 96.23%). © The Author(s) 2014.

  20. Shock complicating type A acute aortic dissection: Clinical correlates, management, and outcomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bossone, Eduardo; Pyeritz, Reed E; Braverman, Alan C; Peterson, Mark D; Ehrlich, Marek; O'Gara, Patrick; Suzuki, Toru; Trimarchi, Santi; Gilon, Dan; Greason, Kevin; Desai, Nimesh D; Montgomery, Daniel G; Isselbacher, Eric M; Nienaber, Christoph A; Eagle, Kim A

    2016-06-01

    Shock is among the most dreaded and common complications of type A acute aortic dissection (TAAAD). However, clinical correlates, management, and short- and long-term outcomes of TAAAD patients presenting with shock in real-world clinical practice are not known. We evaluated 2,704 patients with TAAAD enrolled in the International Registry of Acute Aortic Dissection between January 1, 1996, and August 18, 2012. On admission, 407 (15.1%) TAAAD patients presented with shock. Most in-hospital complications (coma, myocardial or mesenteric ischemia or infarction, and cardiac tamponade) were more frequent in shock patients. In-hospital mortality was significantly higher in TAAAD patients with than without shock (30.2% vs 23.9%, P=.007), regardless of surgical or medical treatment. Most shock patients underwent surgical repair, with medically managed patients demonstrating older age and more complications at presentation. Estimates using Kaplan-Meier survival analysis indicated that most (89%) TAAAD patients with shock discharged alive from the hospital survived 5years, a rate similar to that of TAAAD patients without shock (82%, P=.609). Shock occurred in 1 of 7 TAAAD patients and was associated with higher rates of in-hospital adverse events and mortality. However, TAAAD survivors with or without shock showed similar long-term mortality. Successful early and aggressive management of shock in TAAAD patients has the potential for improving long-term survival in this patient population. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. Nicardipine-Induced Acute Pulmonary Edema: A Rare but Severe Complication of Tocolysis

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    Claire Serena

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available We report four cases of acute pulmonary edema that occurred during treatment by intravenous tocolysis using nicardipine in pregnancy patients with no previous heart problems. Clinical severity justified hospitalization in intensive care unit (ICU each time. Acute dyspnea has begun at an average of 63 hours after initiation of treatment. For all patients, the first diagnosis suspected was pulmonary embolism. The patients' condition improved rapidly with appropriate diuretic treatment and by modifying the tocolysis. The use of intravenous nicardipine is widely used for tocolysis in France even if its prescription does not have a marketing authorization. The pathophysiological mechanisms of this complication remain unclear. The main reported risk factors are spontaneous preterm labor, multiple pregnancy, concomitant obstetrical disease, association with beta-agonists, and fetal lung maturation corticotherapy. A better knowledge of this rare but serious adverse event should improve the management of patients. Nifedipine or atosiban, the efficiency of which tocolysis was also studied, could be an alternative.

  2. Chronic Disseminated Candidiasis Complicated by Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome in Child with Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

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    Olga Zając-Spychała

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Hepatosplenic candidiasis also known as chronic disseminated candidiasis is a rare manifestation of invasive fungal infection typically observed in patients with acute leukemia in prolonged, deep neutropenia. Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS is an inflammatory disorder triggered by rapid resolution of neutropenia. Diagnosis and treatment of IRIS are still challenging due to a variety of clinical symptoms, lack of certain diagnostic criteria, and no standards of treatment. The diagnosis of IRIS is even more difficult in patients with hematological malignancies complicated by “probable” invasive fungal infection, when fungal pathogen is still uncertain. We report a case of probable hepatic candidiasis in 4-year-old boy with acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Despite proper antifungal therapy, there was no clinical and radiological improvement, so diagnosis of Candida-related IRIS was made and corticosteroid therapy was added to antifungal treatment achieving prompt resolution of infection symptoms.

  3. [Acute myocardial infarction complicated pregnancy of patient after kindey transplantation and knee osteosarcoma].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lehnertová, K; Huml, K; Pilka, R

    Case report describes a patient with acute ST elevation myocardial infarction with Q wave in 26 weeks gestation. Case report. Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Hospital, Palacky University, Olomouc. Medical history is complicated with a cadaveric transplantation of kindey, osteosarcoma of the left knee with a joint extraction and chemotherapy, serious hypothyreosis after spontaneous discontinuation of medication and missing fetal nasal bone at the ultrasound examination. Myocardial infarction complicating pregnancy is an important cause of maternal morbidity and mortality. The coexistence of obesity, diabetes, chronic hypertension, and delayed age at pregnancy is expected to increase the prevalence of myocardial infarction during pregnancy. Timely treatment in the form of percutaneous coronary intervention has dramatically improved outcomes.

  4. An acute cervical epidural hematoma as a complication of dry needling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Jun-Hwan; Lee, Hyangsook; Jo, Dae-Jean

    2011-06-01

    A retrospective case report. The objective of this article is to report an unusual complication of dry needling. Epidural hematomas after dry needling are quite unusual and only a few cases of epidural hematoma after acupuncture have been reported in the literature. We are presenting the first report of acute cervical epidural hematoma after dry needling. A 58-year-old woman presented with quadriparesis and neck pain. Magnetic resonance imaging of the spine revealed a hyperintense mass in the T2-weighted magnetic resonance image at the C2-T2 level, which proved to be an epidural hematoma. Symptoms related to the epidural hematoma resolved after decompression. Though rare, epidural hematomas are a possible complication when applying needling therapies. Therapists need to have precise knowledge of human anatomy, especially in the region where he or she will puncture. Continuous attention must be paid throughout the whole procedure.

  5. Acute urinary retention as a late complication of subcutaneous liquid silicone injection: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leandro Luongo de Matos

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Acute urinary retention is characterized by a sudden interruption of urinary output; urine is retained in the bladder due to either functional or obstructive anatomic factors, and cannot be voided. The main causes of acute urinary obstruction are benign prostatic hyperplasia, constipation, prostate adenocarcinoma, urethral stenosis, clot retention, neurological disorders, following surgery, calculi, drugs, or urinary tract infections. A transvestite patient, aged 55 years, described having had liquid silicone subcutaneously injected in various parts of the body, the last one four years ago. He complained of absent urinary output during the last 14 hours. The physical examination revealed skin deformation due to migration of implants; a hard nodule (characterized as a foreign body was present in the preputium and a diagnosis of acute urinary retention was made; an unsuccessful attempt to exteriorize the glans for urinary catheterization, was followed by therapeutic cystostomy. Acute urinary retention has not been mentioned in the medical literature as a complication of liquid silicone subcutaneous injection.

  6. Left main stent thrombosis complicated by eptifibatide-induced acute thrombocytopenia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Eric H; Perez, Edwin; Zhiroff, Katrine A; Burstein, Steven

    2011-01-01

    A 57-year-old man with a history of coronary artery disease and placement of an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator presented at our emergency room with an anterior ST-elevation myocardial infarction. Cardiac catheterization revealed an acutely occluded left main coronary artery, which was revascularized successfully with a bare-metal stent. Periprocedurally, the patient received aspirin, clopidogrel, unfractionated heparin, and eptifibatide. The patient was discharged a week later, but he returned to the emergency room the same day with recurrence of severe chest pain. Repeat cardiac catheterization revealed an acutely occluded stent, and the patient underwent repeat bare-metal stent placement and readministration of eptifibatide. On the next day, the patient's platelet count dropped acutely to less than 12,000/mm3. A test for heparin-induced thrombocytopenia antibody was negative. After discontinuation of eptifibatide, the patient's platelet count gradually returned to normal, and he was later discharged from the hospital with no complications. Eptifibatide-induced acute thrombocytopenia is a known but rare adverse effect. We review the handful of case reports in the medical literature, with emphasis on the prevalence, observed clinical course, and recently proposed physiologic mechanisms that probably are responsible for this phenomenon.

  7. Acute flaccid paralysis in South African children: Causes, respiratory complications and neurological outcome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van der Pijl, Jolanda; Wilmshurst, Jo M; van Dijk, Monique; Argent, Andrew; Booth, Jane; Zampoli, Marco

    2017-09-28

    To describe the causes, clinical presentation and neurological outcome of acute flaccid paralysis in children. A retrospective study in a tertiary paediatric hospital in South Africa. Data on clinical presentation, respiratory complications and long-term neurological outcomes of children presenting with acute flaccid paralysis were collected. Logistic regression analysis was applied to determine predictors for the need of mechanical ventilation. The study included 119 patients, 99 of whom had Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS); 47 patients (39.5%) required mechanical ventilation. Backward logistic regression analysis revealed that bulbar dysfunction (P < 0.001), autonomic dysfunction (P = 0.003) and upper limb paralysis (P = 0.038) significantly predicted the need for mechanical ventilation. EuroQol-5D scores of self-care problems and usual activities after discharge significantly declined over time. In this large series from Africa, GBS was the main cause of acute flaccid paralysis in children and was associated with significant morbidity. Other causes of acute flaccid paralysis mimicking GBS were not uncommon and should be excluded in this setting. © 2017 Paediatrics and Child Health Division (The Royal Australasian College of Physicians).

  8. [Severe pulmonary embolism and acute lower limb ischemia complicating peripartum cardiomyopathy successfully treated by streptokinase].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yaméogo, N V; Kaboré, E; Seghda, A; Kagambèga, L J; Kaboré, H P; Millogo, G R C; Kologo, K J; Kambiré, Y; Bama, A; Toguyeni, B J Y; Samadoulougou, A K; Zabsonré, P

    2016-02-01

    Peripartum cardiomyopathy is a cardiac disease at high thromboembolism potential. The authors report a case of peripartum cardiomyopathy admitted for congestive heart failure. Echocardiography found a dilated cardiomyopathy with severely impaired left ventricular systolic function and biventricular thrombi. During hospitalization his condition was complicated by severe bilateral pulmonary embolism and left lower limb arterial acute thrombosis. The treatment consisted of thrombolysis with streptokinase associated with dobutamine (in addition to the conventional treatment of heart failure and bromocriptine). The outcome was favorable, marked by pulmonary and lower limb arterial unblocking. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  9. Benefits and complications of noninvasive mechanical ventilation for acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rocha, Eduardo; Carneiro, Elida Mara

    2008-06-01

    Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is defined as a syndrome characterized by usually progressive chronic airflow limitation which is associated to a bronchial hyperresponsiveness and is partially reversible. Noninvasive mechanical ventilation is an alternative treatment for patients with COPD exacerbations. The objective of the literature reviews was to verify noninvasive mechanical ventilation benefits and complications in acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in patients. This national and international's scientific literature review was developed according to criteria established for documentary research in the MedLine, LILACS, SciElo, PubMed and Cochrane, databases using the key words: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and noninvasive mechanical ventilation. Inclusion criteria were articles published from 1995 to 2007; in English, Spanish and Portuguese; studies in the human model and with no gender restriction. Noninvasive mechanical ventilation can reduce partial pressure of carbon dioxide, improve gas exchange, alleviate symptoms as dyspnea caused by fatigue of the respiratory muscles, reduce duration of hospitalization, decrease need for invasive mechanical ventilation, reduce number of complications and also lessen hospital mortality. The main complications found were: facial skin erythema, claustrophobia, nasal congestion, face pain, eye irritation, aspiration pneumonia, hypotension, pneumothorax, aerophagia, hypercapnia, gastric insufflation, vomit, bronchoaspiration, morning headaches, face injuries, air embolism and, last but not least, discomfort of the patient. Noninvasive mechanical ventilation can be more effective in patients with moderate-severe exacerbations of COPD and these complications can be minimized by an adequate interface also by the contribution of the physiotherapist experience.

  10. Clinical course and frequency of complications in children hospitalized for acute bronchiolitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mašić Marina

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Acute bronchiolitis is the most common disease of the respiratory tract in children, in 75% of cases caused by respiratory syncytial virus (RSV. There is a risk for complicated clinical course in premature infants and the ones with chronic diseases (chronic lung disease, congenital heart disease or neuromuscular disease. Aim: The evaluation of clinical course of acute bronchiolitis and estimation of possible influences of therapeutic interventions or previous chronic diseases on the outcome. Material and methods: This retrospective study included all patients admitted for acute bronchiolitis in the Department of Pulmonology, Mother and Child Health Institute of Serbia 'Dr Vukan Cupic', from September 2014 to March 2015. The enzyme immunoassay membrane test was used for detection of RSV antigen from nasopharyngeal aspirates in all patients. The influence of age, previous chronic diseases, the occurrence of complications on clinical course and length of the hospital stay, were analyzed. Results: Out of186 patients included, 137 were younger than the age of 6 months. Infection with RSV was confirmed in 53.2% of patients, with the highest rate in December (69.2%. The atelectasis was confirmed in 9 patients, and 44.4% of them had some of the chronic diseases (p < 0.05. Flexible bronchoscopy was performed in 27 patients and 44% of them had previous chronic disease (p < 0.001. Multiple regression model showed that presence of atelectasis, RSV infection and chronic disease correlates with the length of hospital stay. Most of the patients were treated with inhalations of bronchodilators and 3% saline. Systemic corticosteroids and supplemental oxygen were used most frequently for those patients with longer hospital stay (p < 0.001. In three patients (1.6% mechanical ventilation was needed, with favorable outcome. Conclusion: The clinical course and the length of stay in patients hospitalized for acute bronchiolitis is influenced mostly by

  11. The role of levosimendan in acute heart failure complicating acute coronary syndrome: A review and expert consensus opinion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nieminen, Markku S; Buerke, Michael; Cohen-Solál, Alain; Costa, Susana; Édes, István; Erlikh, Alexey; Franco, Fatima; Gibson, Charles; Gorjup, Vojka; Guarracino, Fabio; Gustafsson, Finn; Harjola, Veli-Pekka; Husebye, Trygve; Karason, Kristjan; Katsytadze, Igor; Kaul, Sundeep; Kivikko, Matti; Marenzi, Giancarlo; Masip, Josep; Matskeplishvili, Simon; Mebazaa, Alexandre; Møller, Jacob E; Nessler, Jadwiga; Nessler, Bohdan; Ntalianis, Argyrios; Oliva, Fabrizio; Pichler-Cetin, Emel; Põder, Pentti; Recio-Mayoral, Alejandro; Rex, Steffen; Rokyta, Richard; Strasser, Ruth H; Zima, Endre; Pollesello, Piero

    2016-09-01

    Acute heart failure and/or cardiogenic shock are frequently triggered by ischemic coronary events. Yet, there is a paucity of randomized data on the management of patients with heart failure complicating acute coronary syndrome, as acute coronary syndrome and cardiogenic shock have frequently been defined as exclusion criteria in trials and registries. As a consequence, guideline recommendations are mostly driven by observational studies, even though these patients have a particularly poor prognosis compared to heart failure patients without signs of coronary artery disease. In acute heart failure, and especially in cardiogenic shock related to ischemic conditions, vasopressors and inotropes are used. However, both pathophysiological considerations and available clinical data suggest that these treatments may have disadvantageous effects. The inodilator levosimendan offers potential benefits due to a range of distinct effects including positive inotropy, restoration of ventriculo-arterial coupling, increases in tissue perfusion, and anti-stunning and anti-inflammatory effects. In clinical trials levosimendan improves symptoms, cardiac function, hemodynamics, and end-organ function. Adverse effects are generally less common than with other inotropic and vasoactive therapies, with the notable exception of hypotension. The decision to use levosimendan, in terms of timing and dosing, is influenced by the presence of pulmonary congestion, and blood pressure measurements. Levosimendan should be preferred over adrenergic inotropes as a first line therapy for all ACS-AHF patients who are under beta-blockade and/or when urinary output is insufficient after diuretics. Levosimendan can be used alone or in combination with other inotropic or vasopressor agents, but requires monitoring due to the risk of hypotension. Copyright © 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.. All rights reserved.

  12. Acute Bacterial Sinusitis Complicating Viral Upper Respiratory Tract Infection in Young Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marom, Tal; Alvarez-Fernandez, Pedro E.; Jennings, Kristofer; Patel, Janak A.; McCormick, David P.; Chonmaitree, Tasnee

    2014-01-01

    Background Acute bacterial sinusitis (ABS) is a common complication of viral upper respiratory tract infections (URI). Clinical characteristics of URIs complicated by ABS in young children have not been well studied. Methods We identified ABS episodes in a prospective, longitudinal cohort study of 294 children (6 to 35 months of age at enrollment), who were followed-up for one year to capture all URI episodes and complications. At the initial URI visit seen by the study personnel (median day=4 from symptoms onset), nasopharyngeal samples were obtained for bacterial cultures and viral studies. Results Of 1295 documented URI episodes, 103 (8%) episodes (in 73 children) were complicated by ABS, 32 of which were concurrent with acute otitis media. The majority (72%) of ABS episodes were diagnosed based on persistent symptoms or a biphasic course. Average age at ABS diagnosis was 18.8±7.2 months; white children were more likely to have ABS episodes than blacks (p=0.01). Hispanic/Latino ethnicity (p<0.0001) was negatively associated, and adequate PCV-7 immunization status (p=0.001) appeared to increase the risk of ABS. Girls had more ABS episodes than boys (0.5±0.8 vs 0.3±0.6 episodes/year, respectively, p=0.03). Viruses were detected in 63% during the initial URI visit; rhinovirus detection was positively correlated with ABS risk (p=0.01). Bacterial cultures were positive in 82/83 (99%) available samples obtained at the initial URI visit; polymicrobial (56%), Moraxella catarrhalis (20%) and Streptococcus pneumoniae (10%) were the most common cultures. Presence of pathogenic bacteria overall and presence of M. catarrhalis during URI were positively correlated with the risk for ABS (p=0.04 for both). Conclusion ABS complicates 8% of URI in young children. Girls have more frequent ABS episodes than boys. Presence of rhinovirus and M. catarrhalis during URI are positively correlated with the risk for ABS complication. PMID:24717966

  13. Saving the limb in diabetic patients with ischemic foot lesions complicated by acute infection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clerici, Giacomo; Faglia, Ezio

    2014-12-01

    Ischemia and infection are the most important factors affecting the prognosis of foot ulcerations in diabetic patients. To improve the outcome of these patients, it is necessary to aggressively treat 2 important pathologies--namely, occlusive arterial disease affecting the tibial and femoral arteries and infection of the ischemic diabetic foot. Each of these 2 conditions may lead to major limb amputation, and the presence of both critical limb ischemia (CLI) and acute deep infection is a major risk factor for lower-extremity amputation. Thus, the management of diabetic foot ulcers requires specific therapeutic approaches that vary significantly depending on whether foot lesions are complicated by infection and/or ischemia. A multidisciplinary team approach is the key to successful treatment of a diabetic foot ulcer: ischemic diabetic foot ulcers complicated by acute deep infection pose serious treatment challenges because high levels of skill, organization, accuracy, and timing of intervention are required to maximize the chances of limb salvage: these complex issues are better managed by a multidisciplinary clinical group. © The Author(s) 2014.

  14. Infections in children admitted with complicated severe acute malnutrition in Niger.

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    Anne-Laure Page

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Although malnutrition affects thousands of children throughout the Sahel each year and predisposes them to infections, there is little data on the etiology of infections in these populations. We present a clinical and biological characterization of infections in hospitalized children with complicated severe acute malnutrition (SAM in Maradi, Niger. METHODS: Children with complicated SAM hospitalized in the intensive care unit of a therapeutic feeding center, with no antibiotics in the previous 7 days, were included. A clinical examination, blood, urine and stool cultures, and chest radiography were performed systematically on admission. RESULTS: Among the 311 children included in the study, gastroenteritis was the most frequent clinical diagnosis on admission, followed by respiratory tract infections and malaria. Blood or urine culture was positive in 17% and 16% of cases, respectively, and 36% had abnormal chest radiography. Enterobacteria were sensitive to most antibiotics, except amoxicillin and cotrimoxazole. Twenty-nine (9% children died, most frequently from sepsis. Clinical signs were poor indicators of infection and initial diagnoses correlated poorly with biologically or radiography-confirmed diagnoses. CONCLUSIONS: These data confirm the high level of infections and poor correlation with clinical signs in children with complicated SAM, and provide antibiotic resistance profiles from an area with limited microbiological data. These results contribute unique data to the ongoing debate on the use and choice of broad-spectrum antibiotics as first-line treatment in children with complicated SAM and reinforce the call for an update of international guidelines on management of complicated SAM based on more recent data.

  15. Association of Obesity With In-Hospital Mortality of Cardiogenic Shock Complicating Acute Myocardial Infarction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chatterjee, Kshitij; Gupta, Tanush; Goyal, Abhinav; Kolte, Dhaval; Khera, Sahil; Shanbhag, Anusha; Patel, Kavisha; Villablanca, Pedro; Agarwal, Nayan; Aronow, Wilbert S; Menegus, Mark A; Fonarow, Gregg C; Bhatt, Deepak L; Garcia, Mario J; Meena, Nikhil K

    2017-05-15

    Several previous studies have shown obesity to be counterintuitively associated with more favorable mortality in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI); however, the association of obesity with in-hospital mortality of cardiogenic shock complicating AMI has not been previously examined. We queried the 2004 to 2013 National Inpatient Sample databases to identify all patients ≥18 years hospitalized with the principal diagnosis of AMI. Multivariable regression models adjusting for demographics, hospital characteristics, and co-morbidities were used to examine differences in incidence and in-hospital mortality of cardiogenic shock complicating AMI between obese and nonobese patients. Of 6,097,817 patients with AMI, 290,894 (4.8%) had cardiogenic shock. There was no difference in risk-adjusted incidence of cardiogenic shock between obese and nonobese patients (adjusted odds ratio 1.00, 95% CI 0.98 to 1.01; p = 0.46). Of the patients with cardiogenic shock complicating AMI, 8.9% had a documented diagnosis of obesity. Obese patients were on average 6 years younger and had higher prevalence of most cardiovascular co-morbidities. Obese patients were more likely to receive revascularization (73.0% vs 63.4%, p <0.001) and had lower risk-adjusted in-hospital mortality compared with nonobese patients (28.2% vs 36.5%; adjusted odds ratio 0.89, 95% CI 0.86 to 0.92; p <0.001). Similar findings were seen in subgroups of patients with cardiogenic shock complicating ST elevation or non-ST elevation MI. In conclusion, this large retrospective analysis of a nationwide cohort of patients with cardiogenic shock complicating AMI demonstrated that obese patients were younger, more likely to receive revascularization, and had modestly lower risk-adjusted in-hospital mortality compared with nonobese patients. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. Pleuropulmonary blastoma type I following resection of incidentally found congenital lobar emphysema.

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    Walsh, S

    2009-07-01

    Pleuropulmonary blastoma (PPB) is an aggressive tumour accounting for less than 1% of all primary malignant lung tumours in the paediatric population. It can be associated with cystic pulmonary lesions, which may be evident at the time of diagnosis or predate the appearance of the tumour. There are contradictory reports about the value of prophylactic resection of pulmonary cysts in protecting patients from developing PPB. We report an individual case where asymptomatic congenital lobar emphysema was incidentally picked up on CXR. Following a period of surveillance the lesion was resected due to increasing size. The histology of the lesion revealed PPB Type I.

  17. Outcomes with invasive vs conservative management of cardiogenic shock complicating acute myocardial infarction.

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    Bangalore, Sripal; Gupta, Navdeep; Guo, Yu; Lala, Anuradha; Balsam, Leora; Roswell, Robert O; Reyentovich, Alex; Hochman, Judith S

    2015-06-01

    In the SHOCK trial, an invasive strategy of early revascularization was associated with a significant mortality benefit at 6 months when compared with initial stabilization in patients with cardiogenic shock complicating acute myocardial infarction. Our objectives were to evaluate the data on real-world practice and outcomes of invasive vs conservative management in patients with cardiogenic shock. We analyzed data from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample from 2002 to 2011 with primary discharge diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction and secondary diagnosis of cardiogenic shock. Propensity score matching was used to assemble a cohort of patients managed invasively (with cardiac catheterization, percutaneous coronary intervention, or coronary artery bypass graft surgery) vs conservatively with similar baseline characteristics. The primary outcome was in-hospital mortality. We identified 60,833 patients with cardiogenic shock, of which 20,644 patients (10,322 in each group) with similar propensity scores, including 11,004 elderly patients (≥75 years), were in the final analysis. Patients who underwent invasive management had 59% lower odds of in-hospital mortality (37.7% vs 59.7%; odds ratio [OR] 0.41; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.39-0.43; P < .0001) when compared with those managed conservatively. This lower mortality was consistently seen across all tested subgroups; specifically in the elderly (≥75 years) (44.0% vs 63.6%; OR 0.45; 95% CI, 0.42-0.49; P < .0001) and those younger than 75 years (30.6% vs 55.1%; OR 0.36; 95% CI, 0.33-0.39; P < .0001), although the magnitude of risk reduction differed (Pinteraction < .0001). In this largest cohort of patients with cardiogenic shock complicating acute myocardial infarction, patients managed invasively had significantly lower mortality when compared with those managed conservatively, even in the elderly. Our results emphasize the need for aggressive management in this high-risk subgroup. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier

  18. Orbital complications of paranasal sinusitis in Taiwan, 1988 through 2015: Acute ophthalmological manifestations, diagnosis, and management

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    Chang, Yi-Sheng; Chen, Po-Lin; Hung, Jia-Horung; Chen, Hsiao-Yen; Lai, Chun-Chieh; Ou, Chun-Yen; Chang, Chia-Ming; Wang, Chien-Kuo; Cheng, Hon-Chun; Tseng, Sung-Huei

    2017-01-01

    Purpose Paranasal sinusitis is widespread and can lead to orbital complications, blindness, and death. However, the correlation between ophthalmological findings and disease staging remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the staging, acute ophthalmological manifestations, diagnosis, management, and outcomes of orbital complications of paranasal sinusitis during a 27-year period. Methods We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of all patients with orbital complications of paranasal sinusitis hospitalized at the National Cheng Kung University Hospital, a medical center in Taiwan during 1988–2015. Sex, age, symptoms, history, ophthalmological findings, laboratory and imaging findings, treatments, and outcomes were analyzed by staging. Results Eighty-three patients aged 9 days to 80 years had stage I (preseptal cellulitis, n = 39 patients), II (postseptal orbital cellulitis, n = 8), III (subperiosteal abscess, n = 16), IV (orbital abscess, n = 8), or V (intracranial involvement, n = 12) complications. Peak incidences occurred in patients aged 0–19 and 60–69 years. Chronic sinusitis and diabetes mellitus were common preexisting diseases. Extraocular movement limitation and proptosis predicted postseptal (stage II or more) involvement. The likelihood of elevated intraocular pressure increased with stage. Reduced visual acuity and presence of relative afferent pupillary defect indicated consideration of magnetic resonance imaging to investigate possible intracranial extension. Ipsilateral maxillary (81.7%) and ethmoidal (75.6%) sinuses were the most common sources of infection, and the most frequently implicated pathogens were coagulase-negative Staphylococcus spp. (25.3%) and Staphylococcus aureus (20.5%). All patients received intravenous antimicrobial therapy (multi-drug therapy in 88.0%), and 55.4% underwent surgery, most commonly endoscopic sinus surgery. One (1.2%) diabetic man with stage V complications died of fungal sinusitis with

  19. Orbital complications of paranasal sinusitis in Taiwan, 1988 through 2015: Acute ophthalmological manifestations, diagnosis, and management.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yi-Sheng Chang

    Full Text Available Paranasal sinusitis is widespread and can lead to orbital complications, blindness, and death. However, the correlation between ophthalmological findings and disease staging remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the staging, acute ophthalmological manifestations, diagnosis, management, and outcomes of orbital complications of paranasal sinusitis during a 27-year period.We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of all patients with orbital complications of paranasal sinusitis hospitalized at the National Cheng Kung University Hospital, a medical center in Taiwan during 1988-2015. Sex, age, symptoms, history, ophthalmological findings, laboratory and imaging findings, treatments, and outcomes were analyzed by staging.Eighty-three patients aged 9 days to 80 years had stage I (preseptal cellulitis, n = 39 patients, II (postseptal orbital cellulitis, n = 8, III (subperiosteal abscess, n = 16, IV (orbital abscess, n = 8, or V (intracranial involvement, n = 12 complications. Peak incidences occurred in patients aged 0-19 and 60-69 years. Chronic sinusitis and diabetes mellitus were common preexisting diseases. Extraocular movement limitation and proptosis predicted postseptal (stage II or more involvement. The likelihood of elevated intraocular pressure increased with stage. Reduced visual acuity and presence of relative afferent pupillary defect indicated consideration of magnetic resonance imaging to investigate possible intracranial extension. Ipsilateral maxillary (81.7% and ethmoidal (75.6% sinuses were the most common sources of infection, and the most frequently implicated pathogens were coagulase-negative Staphylococcus spp. (25.3% and Staphylococcus aureus (20.5%. All patients received intravenous antimicrobial therapy (multi-drug therapy in 88.0%, and 55.4% underwent surgery, most commonly endoscopic sinus surgery. One (1.2% diabetic man with stage V complications died of fungal sinusitis with intracranial invasion. Five (6

  20. Clustering of 37 circulating biomarkers by exploratory factor analysis in patients following complicated acute myocardial infarction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manhenke, Cord; Ørn, Stein; von Haehling, Stephan; Wollert, Kai C; Ueland, Thor; Aukrust, Pål; Voors, Adriaan A; Squire, Iain; Zannad, Faiez; Anker, Stefan D; Dickstein, Kenneth

    2013-07-01

    The objective of this study was to elucidate the complex interactions between families of circulating biomarkers representing different biochemical responses to the pathophysiology following complicated acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Blood samples, drawn at a median of 3 days post AMI were obtained from 236 patients with complicated AMI and evidence of heart failure or left ventricular dysfunction. Using exploratory factor analysis, 37 biomarkers were grouped according to their collinearity to each other into clusters. The clusters were used as a model to elucidate interdependencies between individual biomarkers. Each cluster defines a specific pathophysiological process, called factor. These factors were used as covariates in multivariable Cox-proportional hazard regression analyses for prediction of all-cause death and the combined endpoint of cardiovascular death and re-infarction. Exploratory factor analysis grouped the biomarkers under 5 factors. The composition of these groups was partially unexpected but biological plausible. In multivariable analysis, only 1 factor proved to be an independent predictor of outcome. Major contributions (factor loadings>0.50) in this cluster came from: mid-regional pro-adrenomedullin, tumor necrosis factor receptor, pro-endothelin-1, growth differentiation factor 15, C-terminal pro arginine vasopressin, uric acid, chromogranin A and procollagen type III N-terminal. Clustering of multiple biomarkers by exploratory factor analysis might prove useful in exploring the biological interactions between different biomarkers in cardiovascular disease and thus increase our understanding of the complicated orchestral interplay at the molecular level. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  1. A rare etiology of Fournier's gangrene: Pubic tubercle fracture complicated with hematoma and acute osteomyelitis

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    Chien-Liang Fang

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The etiologies of Fournier's gangrene are well described into four groups: anorectal, genitourinary, dermatologic, and idiopathic. Here, we present the case of a hematoma and acute osteomyelitis (related to a closed fracture of the pubis, which progressed to Fournier's gangrene 1 month after trauma. A 68-year-old woman was admitted to our emergency department because she had sustained a left side pubic bone fracture from a fall. On her first admission to our emergency department, conservative treatment had been prescribed; however, she was readmitted to our emergency department due to septic shock, local swelling, and pus discharge from the pubis and the left labium majus. A whole abdomen computed tomography scan revealed fluid accumulation in the left suprapubic and perineum region in addition to acute osteomyelitis of the pubis. Acute osteomyelitis-related Fournier's gangrene and sepsis were suspected; hence, she underwent urgent fasciotomy and sequestrectomy. After three rounds of sequestrectomies, partial wound reconstruction with local flap and 24-day hospitalization, she was discharged from our hospital with continuing wound care management. Conservative treatment of closed stable fractures of the pelvic bone along with bed rest is suggested by most orthopedists. However, surgical drainage of hematoma is necessary due to the poor hematoma absorption owing to pelvic fracture. The patient subsequently contracted acute osteomyelitis, a secondary infection associated with the etiology of Fournier's gangrene, particularly in the case of patients with diabetes mellitus. We concluded that this was a rare etiology of Fournier's gangrene and examined the complications of pelvic bone fracture in this context.

  2. Acute morbidity and complications of thigh compartment syndrome: A report of 26 cases

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    Kanlic Enes M

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background To describe the patient population, etiology, and complications associated with thigh compartment syndrome (TCS. TCS is a rare condition, affecting less than 0.3% of trauma patients, caused by elevated pressure within a constrained fascial space which can result in tissue necrosis, fibrosis, and physical impairment in addition to other complications. Compartment releases performed after irreversible tissue ischemia has developed can lead to severe infection, amputation, and systemic complications including renal insufficiency and death. Methods This study examines the course of treatment of 23 consecutive patients with 26 thigh compartment syndromes sustained during an eight-year period at two Level 1 trauma centers, each admitting more than 2,000 trauma patients yearly. Results Patients developing TCS were young (average 35.4 years and likely to have a vascular injury on presentation (57.7%. A tense and edematous thigh was the most consistent clinical exam finding leading to compartment release (69.5%. Average time from admission to the operating room was 18 +/- 4.3 hours and 8/23 (34.8% were noted to have ischemic muscle changes at the time of release. Half of those patients (4/8 developed local complications requiring limb amputations. Conclusion TCS is often associated with high energy trauma and is difficult to diagnose in uncooperative, obtunded and multiply injured patients. Vascular injuries are a common underlying cause and require prompt recognition and a multidisciplinary approach including the trauma and orthopaedic surgeons, intensive care team, vascular surgery and interventional radiology. Prompt recognition and treatment of TCS are paramount to avoid the catastrophic acute and long term morbidities.

  3. Clinical features, acute complications, and outcome of Salmonella meningitis in children under one year of age in Taiwan

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    Lee Meng-Luen

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Salmonella meningitis remains a threat to children below two years of age in both developing and developed countries. However, information on such infections has not been well characterized. We analyzed data related to twelve years of experience in order to clarify the comprehensive features of Salmonella meningitis in our patients, including admission characteristics, acute complications, and long-term outcome. Methods The records of patients with spontaneous Salmonella meningitis from 1982 to 1994 were retrospectively reviewed. The long-term outcome was prospectively determined for survivors at school age by the developmental milestones reported by their parents and detailed neurological evaluation along with intelligence, hearing, visual, speech and language assessments. Results Of the twenty-four patients, seizures were noted in fifteen (63% before admission and thirteen (54% during hospitalization. Acute complications mainly included hydrocephalus (50%, subdural collection (42%, cerebral infarction (33%, ventriculitis (25%, empyema (13%, intracranial abscess (8%, and cranial nerve palsy (8%. Three patients (13% died during the acute phase of Salmonella meningitis. The twenty-one survivors, on whom we followed up at school age, have sequelae consisting of language disorder (52%, motor disability (48%, intelligence quotient Conclusion Salmonella meningitis in neonates and infants had a wide spectrum of morbidity and acute complications, leading to a complicated hospital course and subsequently a high prevalence of permanent adverse outcome. Thus, early recognition of acute complications of Salmonella meningitis and a follow-up plan for early developmental assessment of survivors are vital.

  4. Small Gallstone Size and Delayed Cholecystectomy Increase the Risk of Recurrent Pancreatobiliary Complications After Resolved Acute Biliary Pancreatitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Sung Bum; Kim, Tae Nyeun; Chung, Hyun Hee; Kim, Kook Hyun

    2017-03-01

    Acute biliary pancreatitis (ABP) is a severe complication of gallstone disease with considerable mortality, and its recurrence rate is reported as 50-90% for ABP patients who do not undergo cholecystectomy. However, the incidence of and risk factors for recurrent pancreatobiliary complications after the initial improvement of ABP are not well established in the literature. The aims of this study were to determine the risk factors for recurrent pancreatobiliary complications and to compare the outcomes between early (within 2 weeks after onset of pancreatitis) and delayed cholecystectomy in patients with ABP. Patients diagnosed with ABP at Yeungnam University Hospital from January 2004 to July 2016 were retrospectively reviewed. The following risk factors for recurrent pancreatobiliary complications (acute pancreatitis, acute cholecystitis, and acute cholangitis) were analyzed: demographic characteristics, laboratory data, size and number of gallstones, severity of pancreatitis, endoscopic sphincterotomy, and timing of cholecystectomy. Patients were categorized into two groups: patients with recurrent pancreatobiliary complications (Group A) and patients without pancreatobiliary complications (Group B). Of the total 290 patients with ABP (age 66.8 ± 16.0 years, male 47.9%), 56 (19.3%) patients developed recurrent pancreatobiliary complications, of which 35 cases were acute pancreatitis, 11 cases were acute cholecystitis, and 10 cases were acute cholangitis. Endoscopic sphincterotomy and cholecystectomy were performed in 134 (46.2%) patients and 95 (32.8%) patients, respectively. Age, sex, BMI, diabetes, number of stone, severity of pancreatitis, and laboratory data were not significantly correlated with recurrent pancreatobiliary complications. The risk of recurrent pancreatobiliary complications was significantly increased in the delayed cholecystectomy group compared with the early cholecystectomy group (45.5 vs. 5.0%, p < 0.001). Based on the multivariate

  5. Enteral nutrition within 48 hours of admission improves clinical outcomes of acute pancreatitis by reducing complications: a meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Jie-Yao; Yu, Tao; Chen, Guang-Cheng; Yuan, Yu-Hong; Zhong, Wa; Zhao, Li-Na; Chen, Qi-Kui

    2013-01-01

    Enteral nutrition is increasingly advocated in the treatment of acute pancreatitis, but its timing is still controversial. The aim of this meta-analysis was to find out the feasibility of early enteral nutrition within 48 hours of admission and its possible advantages. We searched PubMed, EMBASE Databases, Web of Science, the Cochrane library, and scholar.google.com for all the relevant articles about the effect of enteral nutrition initiated within 48 hours of admission on the clinical outcomes of acute pancreatitis from inception to December 2012. Eleven studies containing 775 patients with acute pancreatitis were analyzed. Results from a pooled analysis of all the studies demonstrated that early enteral nutrition was associated with significant reductions in all the infections as a whole (OR 0.38; 95%CI 0.21-0.68, P0.05). The stratified analysis based on the severity of disease revealed that, even in predicted severe or severe acute pancreatitis patients, early enteral nutrition still showed a protective power against all the infection complications as a whole, catheter-related septic complications, pancreatic infection complications, and organ failure that was only reported in the severe attack of the disease (all P<0.05). Enteral nutrition within 48 hours of admission is feasible and improves the clinical outcomes in acute pancreatitis as well as in predicted severe or severe acute pancreatitis by reducing complications.

  6. [In vitro antimicrobial susceptibility of anaerobic bacteria isolated from pleuropulmonary infections].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soler V, Tamara; Salamanca F, Lucía; Molina, Eliana

    2006-04-01

    Aspirative pleuropulmonary infections are usually caused by anaerobic flora of the mouth, mainly Prevotella, Fusobacterium and Peptostreptococcus spp. Penicillin in high doses is the traditional treatment for this type of infections but the rising resistance developed in recent years has induced the empiric use of clindamycin, increasing treatment costs. To study antimicrobial susceptibility of anaerobic bacteria isolated from pleuropulmonary infections. Thirty two strains obtained from bronchoalveolar lavage and 15 strains isolated from pleural effusions between 2000 and 2002, were studied. The phenotype of strains was identified using the semiautomated API 20 A method and their susceptibility to penicillin (PNC), clindamycin (CM) and chloramphenicol (CAF) was tested using the E test methods. All the strains were susceptible to CAF, 95% to CM and 74.4% to PNC. The predominant genus was Prevotella, which also exhibited the higher resistance. As CM and CAF are active "in vitro", high rates of clinical response should be expected. In contrast, PNC is less effective, especially against pigmented Prevotella.

  7. Effect of lung resection on pleuro-pulmonary mechanics and fluid balance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salito, C; Bovio, D; Orsetti, G; Salati, M; Brunelli, A; Aliverti, A; Miserocchi, G

    2016-01-15

    The aim of the study was to determine in human patients the effect of lung resection on lung compliance and on pleuro-pulmonary fluid balance. Pre and post-operative values of compliance were measured in anesthetized patients undergoing resection for lung cancer (N=11) through double-lumen bronchial intubation. Lung compliance was measured for 10-12 cm H2O increase in alveolar pressure from 5 cm H2O PEEP in control and repeated after resection. No air leak was assessed and pleural fluid was collected during hospital stay. A significant negative correlation (r(2)=0.68) was found between compliance at 10 min and resected mass. Based on the pre-operative estimated lung weight, the decrease in compliance following lung resection exceeded by 10-15% that expected from resected mass. Significant negative relationships were found by relating pleural fluid drainage flow to the remaining lung mass and to post-operative lung compliance. Following lung re-expansion, data suggest a causative relationship between the decrease in compliance and the perturbation in pleuro-pulmonary fluid balance. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  8. [Acute diabetic complications attended in a hospital emergency department: a descriptive analysis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanz-Almazán, María; Montero-Carretero, Teresa; Sánchez-Ramón, Susana; Jorge-Bravo, M Teresa; Crespo-Soto, Cristina

    2017-07-01

    To analyze the characteristics of acute diabetic complications attended in a hospital emergency department. Cross-sectional, descriptive, retrospective study of patients with hyper- and hypoglycemic emergencies attended in a tertiary-care university hospital emergency department. We included 237 patients with a mean (SD) age of 61 (26) years. Diabetes had been diagnosed previously in 86.5% (type 2 in 74% and type 1 in 26%). Hyperglycemic emergencies were treated in 72%. The most frequent reasons for decompensation were poor control of type 1 diabetes (41.2%) and infections in type 2 diabetes (51.5%). Twenty-eight percent had low blood sugar levels caused by poor control of disease (50%). Patients with hypoglycemia had shorter mean stays. More admissions were made in type 2 diabetes than in type 1. Type 2 diabetes leads to more visits to the emergency department, more admissions, and a longer hospital stay than type 1 diabetes.

  9. [Primary myelofibrosis complicated by acquired hemophilia A and subsequent development of acute myeloid leukemia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuroda, Hiroyuki; Ishikawa, Kazuma; Jomen, Wataru; Yoshida, Masahiro; Yamada, Michiko; Abe, Tomoyuki; Sakurai, Tamaki; Fujii, Shigeyuki; Maeda, Masahiro; Matsuno, Teppei; Sato, Masanori; Fujita, Miri; Nagashima, Kazuo; Ieko, Masahiro; Kato, Junji

    2013-12-01

    A 77-year-old man diagnosed with primary myelofibrosis (PMF), successfully controlled by thalidomide and prednisolone, was referred to us for massive subcutaneous bleeding involving the face, body, and all four limbs. Hemostatic studies showed prolonged activated partial thromboplastin time, decreased factor VIII coagulation, and a high factor VIII inhibitor titer, resulting in a diagnosis of acquired hemophilia A (AHA) for which he was treated with prednisolone and cyclophosphamide on admission. He developed right femoral intramuscular hemorrhage soon after immunosuppressive therapy and was treated with rituximab combined with activated prothrombin complex concentrates. Furthermore, he suffered complications of respiratory failure with increasing throat hemorrhaging. Recombinant activated factor VII (rFVIIa) was administered combined with methylprednisolone pulse therapy. Bleeding, including respiratory failure, was ameliorated with rFVIIa. Immunosuppressive rituximab therapy resolved AHA with marked efficacy. He died of Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonitis. Autopsy showed transformation from PMF to acute myeloid leukemia.

  10. Acute myeloid leukemia with infiltration of thyroid gland complicating Hashimoto's thyroiditis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakayama, Shoko; Yokote, Taiji; Kobayashi, Kichinosuke; Hirata, Yuji; Hiraiwa, Tetsuya; Akioka, Toshikazu; Miyoshi, Takuji; Takubo, Takayuki; Tsuji, Motomu; Hanafusa, Toshiaki

    2009-08-01

    We describe a case of acute myeloid leukemia with infiltration of thyroid gland complicating Hashimoto's thyroiditis. In Hashimoto's thyroiditis, the leukocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1)/intercellular vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and very late antigen-4 (VLA-4)/vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) pathways in T lymphocytes and the vascular endothelium both play a role in the initiation and enhancement of lymphocyte recruitment to the thyroid glands during an autoimmune attack. The leukemic blast cells were positive for VLA-4 and negative for LFA-1 by immunohistochemistry. The presence of VLA-4 in blast cells might play a key role in the migration of blast cells to the thyroid glands.

  11. Decompensated liver disease complicated by acute stroke caused by multiple factors: a clinical analysis of 15 cases

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    GOU Chunyan

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective To investigate the clinical features of patients with decompensated liver disease complicated by acute stroke. Methods A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 15 patients who were hospitalized in Beijing You'an Hospital, Capital Medical University and diagnosed with decompensated liver disease complicated by acute stroke from January 2011 to December 2015, including medical history, neurological manifestations, treatment, and prognostic features. Results Among the 15 patients, 11 had acute hemorrhagic stroke (AHS, and 4 had acute ischemic stroke (AIS; among the 11 patients with AHS, 4 (36.36% had hemorrhage caused by brain metastatic tumor of liver cancer (tumor-associated stroke, and 3 (27.27% were complicated by liver failure. Among the 15 patients, 12 (80% had disturbance of consciousness as the early neurological manifestation, and the confirmed diagnosis was made based on head CT findings; the treatment mainly included symptomatic support and rehabilitation training. The patients with AHS had poor prognosis. Four (26.67% of the 15 AHS patients died, among these patients, 2 had liver failure complicated by AHS, 1 had liver cirrhosis complicated by AHS, and 1 had brain metastases complicated by AHS. Conclusion Patients with decompensated liver disease complicated by acute stroke tend to develop the manifestations of AHS, which may be related to a poor clotting mechanism and brain metastasis of liver cancer, and have poor prognosis. Head CT scan should be performed for patients with decompensated liver disease accompanied by neuropsychiatric abnormalities as early as possible to help with early diagnosis and timely treatment.

  12. [Acute cerebrovascular accident associated with drepanocytosis complicated by pneumococcal meningitis in two children].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mateos, M E; López-Laso, E; Simón, R; Mateos, F

    Between 6% and 17% of the patients with drepanocytosis will have an acute cerebrovascular accident (ACVA). Precipitating factors have been described including bacterial meningitis, upper respiratory tract obstruction, dehydration, intense exercise, postoperatively, and hypoxia due to altitude. We report two Negro children with drepanocytosis who, at the ages of 8 and 20 months, had pneumococcal meningitis complicated by an ACVA. The 20 month old boy had been previously diagnosed as having drepanocytosis; the 8 month old girl was diagnosed when she was admitted to hospital with meningitis. In both cases the clinical features of the ACVA were focal epileptic seizures followed by hemiplegia. On cranial CT and MR regions of focal ischaemia of the hemisphere were observed. The boy of 20 months made an excellent recovery with no long term sequelae. The 8 month old girl had severe permanent sequelae: hemiparesia, blindness, mental deficiency and epileptic encephalopathy. We present two Negro children with drepanocytosis who had ischemic ACVAs, a common complication of the disease, during the course of pneumococcal meningitis but with very different clinical courses. Recent increases in immigration will mean that previously rare illnesses will be more commonly seen in our environment, and should be considered in the differential diagnosis.

  13. Complicated Cholelithiasis: An Unusual Combination of Acute Pancreatitis and Bouveret Syndrome

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    Ioannis Baloyiannis

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Bouveret syndrome is a rare form of gallstone ileus. The purpose of the present study was to present the unusual case of a female patient with complicated cholelithiasis manifested as a combination of acute pancreatitis and concomitant Bouveret syndrome. A 61-year-old female patient was admitted to the emergency department complaining of mid-epigastric and right upper quadrant abdominal pain radiating band-like in the thoracic region of the back as well as repeated episodes of vomiting over the last 24 h. The initial correct diagnosis of pancreatitis was subsequently combined with the diagnosis of Bouveret syndrome as a computed tomography scan revealed the presence of a gallstone within the duodenum causing luminal obstruction. After failure of endoscopic gallstone removal, a surgical approach was undertaken where gallstone removal was followed by cholecystectomy and restoration of the anatomy by eliminating the fistula. The concomitant pancreatitis complicated the postoperative period and prolonged the length of hospital stay. However, the patient was discharge on the 45th postoperative day. Attempts for endoscopic removal of the impacted stone should be the initial therapeutic step. Surgery should be reserved for cases refractory to endoscopic intervention and when definite treatment is the actual challenge.

  14. Predictive factors of all-trans-retinoic acid related complications during induction therapy for acute promyelocytic leukemia.

    OpenAIRE

    Jeddi, Ramzi; Kacem, Karima; Ben Neji, Hend; Mnif, Samia; Gouider, Emna; Aissaoui, Lamia; Ben Amor, Ramzi; Ben Lakhal, Raihane; Ben Abid, Hela; Belhadjali, Zaher; Meddeb, Balkis

    2008-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The combination of all-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA) and chemotherapy has made acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) a highly curable leukemia. However, several complications are reported with this treatment the most serious and life threatening being Retinoic Acid Syndrome (RAS). We aimed at identifying factors that could predict complications caused by ATRA during induction treatment of APL. PATIENTS: Forty-two patients with confirmed APL (by t(15;17) and/or PML/RARA) treated at our i...

  15. Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Complicated by Amiodarone Induced Pulmonary Fibrosis: Don���t Let Your Guard Down

    OpenAIRE

    Singh, Vipin Kumar; Maheshwari, Vijeta

    2017-01-01

    Amiodarone is an antiarrhythmic agent which is commonly used to treat both supraventricular and ventricular arrhythmias. This iodine containing compound has been associated with several adverse events like it tends to accumulate in several organs. Among those, the most serious is Amiodarone Pulmonary Toxicity (APT). While the incidence of this complication has decreased with the use of lower doses of amiodarone but it can occur with any dose. Pulmonary complications usually present as an acut...

  16. Initial complications and factors related to prehospital mortality in acute myocardial infarction with ST segment elevation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosell-Ortiz, Fernando; Mellado-Vergel, Francisco J; Fernández-Valle, Patricia; González-Lobato, Ismael; Martínez-Lara, Manuela; Ruiz-Montero, María M; Romero-Morales, Francisco; Vivar Díaz, Itziar; García-Alcántara, Ángel; García del Águila, Javier

    2015-07-01

    Hospital mortality in myocardial infarction ST-elevation myocardial infarction has decreased in recent years, in contrast to prehospital mortality. Our objective was to determine initial complications and factors related to prehospital mortality in patients with acute myocardial infarction with ST segment elevation (STEMI). Observational study based on a prospective continuous register of patients of any age attended by out-of-hospital emergency teams in Andalusia between January 2006 and June 2009. This includes patients with acute coronary syndrome-like symptoms whose initial ECG showed ST elevation or presumably new left bundle branch block (LBBB). Epidemiological, prehospital data and final diagnostic were recorded. The study included all patients with STEMI on the register, without age restrictions. Forward stepwise logistic regression analysis was performed to control for confounders. A total of 2528 patients were included, 24% were women. Mean age 63.4±13.4 years; 16.7% presented atypical clinical symptoms. Initial complications: ventricular fibrillation (VF) 8.4%, severe bradycardia 5.8%, third-degree atrial-ventricular (AV) block 2.4% and hypotension 13.5%. Fifty-two (2.1%) patients died before reaching hospital. Factors associated with prehospital mortality were female sex (OR 2.36, CI 1.28 to 4.33), atypical clinical picture (OR 2.31, CI 1.21 to 4.41), hypotension (OR 4.95, CI 2.60 to 9.20), LBBB (OR 4.29, CI 1.71 to 10.74), extensive infarction (ST elevation in ≥5 leads) (OR 2.53, CI 1.28 to 5.01) and VF (OR 2.82, CI 1.38 to 5.78). A significant proportion of patients with STEMI present early complications in the prehospital setting, and some die before reaching hospital. Prehospital mortality was associated with female sex and atypical presentation, as pre-existing conditions, and hypotension, extensive infarction, LBBB and VF on emergency team attendance. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already

  17. Incidence, risk factors, and prognosis of gastrointestinal hemorrhage complicating acute renal failure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fiaccadori, E; Maggiore, U; Clima, B; Melfa, L; Rotelli, C; Borghetti, A

    2001-04-01

    Few prospective data are currently available on acute gastrointestinal hemorrhage (AGIH) as a complication of acute renal failure (ARF). The aim of the present study was to define incidence, sources, risk factors, and outcome of AGIH in patients with ARF. We performed a prospective study on an inception cohort of 514 patients admitted for ARF to a nephrology intermediate care unit. Data on clinical risk factors for bleeding, frequency of occurrence of AGIH, length of hospital stay, and in-hospital mortality were collected. Independent predictors of AGIH were identified. The relative odds of death and the relative increase in length of hospital stay associated with AGIH were calculated after adjusting for baseline comorbidities. Sixty-nine patients out of 514 [13.4% (95% CI, 10.6 to 16.7)] had AGIH as a complication of ARF; 59 were upper AGIH. Forty patients had clinically important bleeding. Erosions and/or ulcers accounted for 71% of cases of upper AGIH. Independent baseline predictors of AGIH were represented by severity of illness [odds ratio 1.45 (95% CI, 1.05 to 2.01) for every 10 point increase in APACHE II score], low platelet count [<50,000 mm3; 3.71 (1.70 to 8.11)], noncirrhotic chronic hepatic disease [2.22 (1.09 to 4.55)], liver cirrhosis [3.38 (1.50 to 7.60)], de novo ARF [2.77 (1.30 to 5.90)], and severe ARF [2.07 (1.10 to 3.88)]. In-hospital mortality was 63.8% in patients with AGIH and 34.2% in the other patients; after adjusting for baseline confounders, AGIH remained significantly associated with an increase in both mortality [2.57 (1.30 to 5.09), P = 0.006] and length of hospital stay [37% (1 to 87%), P = 0.047]. AGIH and clinically important bleeding are frequent complications of ARF. In this clinical condition, AGIH is more often due to upper gastrointestinal bleeding and is associated with a significantly increased risk of death and length of hospital stay. Both renal and extrarenal risk factors are related to the occurrence of AGIH.

  18. Purtscher's retinopathy and renal cortical necrosis: two rare vaso-occlusive complications in a patient with acute pancreatitis: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haque, Wasim Md Mohosin Ul; Ananna, Mehruba Alam; Haque, Hasna Fahmima; Rahim, Muhammad Abdur; Samad, Tabassum; Iqbal, Sarwar

    2016-11-15

    Purtscher's retinopathy and renal cortical necrosis are two rare vaso-occlusive complications of acute pancreatitis. Purtscher's retinopathy causes sudden impairment of vision, which was first reported in a patient with head trauma. Subsequently, it was also reported as a complication of acute pancreatitis and few other clinical conditions. Acute pancreatitis also rarely causes renal cortical necrosis leading to acute kidney injury. However, the simultaneous presence of both complications is rarely reported. A 20-year-old Bengali man presented to our hospital with a history of acute upper abdominal pain, vomiting, anuria, and disorientation. He was ultimately found to have bilateral complete blindness due to Purtscher's retinopathy and acute kidney injury due to renal cortical necrosis, as sequelae of acute pancreatitis. He became dialysis-dependent, his vision did not recover, and he died 16 months after diagnosis. This case highlights Purtscher's retinopathy and renal cortical necrosis might be considered as a recognized pair complication of acute pancreatitis.

  19. Most preschool children hospitalised for acute rhinosinusitis had orbital complications, more common in the youngest and among boys.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schollin Ask, L; Hultman Dennison, S; Stjärne, P; Granath, A; Srivastava, S; Eriksson, M; Lindstrand, A; Ryd Rinder, M

    2017-02-01

    This study established the incidence of acute rhinosinusitis and related orbital complications in tertiary care in Stockholm County and surveyed the clinical outcomes. This was a population-based, retrospective, observational study, from July 1, 2003 to June 30, 2007, of the hospital admissions records of 213 children up to five years old, with a diagnosis of sinusitis and related complications. Preseptal cellulitis was present in 171 of the 213 admissions, which equated to an incidence of orbital complications due to acute rhinosinusitis of 36 per 100 000 people per year (95% confidence interval 26-49). Postseptal complications occurred in seven cases. The incidence rate ratio for hospitalisation of children less than two years old with rhinosinusitis compared with children aged 2-5 years was 2.8 (95% confidence interval 1.8-4.4). The incidence among boys was 53 per 100 000 people per year and 36 per 100 000 people per year for girls, and the incidence rate ratio was 1.5 (95% confidence interval 1.0-2.3). The most common bacterial finding was Streptococcus pneumoniae. Most children hospitalised for acute rhinosinusitis had an orbital complication, and this was more common in children under the age of two years and boys. Severe postseptal complications were rare. ©2016 Foundation Acta Paediatrica. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  20. Surgery and pleuro-pulmonary tuberculosis: a scientific literature review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Subotic, Dragan; Yablonskiy, Piotr; Sulis, Giorgia; Cordos, Ioan; Petrov, Danail; Centis, Rosella; D’Ambrosio, Lia; Sotgiu, Giovanni

    2016-01-01

    Tuberculosis (TB) is still a major public health concern, mostly affecting resource-constrained settings and marginalized populations. The fight against the disease is hindered by the growing emergence of drug-resistant forms whose management can be rather challenging. Surgery may play an important role to support diagnosis and treatment of the most complex cases and improve their therapeutic outcome. We conducted a non-systematic review of the literature based on relevant keywords through PubMed database. Papers in English and Russian were included. The search was focused on five main areas of intervention as follows: (I) diagnosis of complicated cases; (II) elimination of contagious persisting cavities, despite appropriate chemotherapy; (III) treatment of destroyed lung; (V) resection of tuberculomas; (VI) treatment of tuberculous pleural empyema. Although specific practical guidelines concerning surgical indications and approaches are currently unavailable, a summary of the evidence emerged from the scientific literature was elaborated to help the clinician in the management of severely compromised TB patients. The decision to proceed to surgery is usually individualized and a careful assessment of the patient’s risk profile is always recommended before performing any procedure in addition to appropriate chemotherapy. PMID:27499980

  1. Pleuro-pulmonary abnormalities in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus assessment with high resolution computed tomography, chest radiography and pulmonary function tests

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sant, S.M.; Doran, M.; Fenelon, H.M.; Breatnach, E.S. [University of Michigan (United States)

    1998-04-01

    The objective has to assess the nature of pleuro-pulmonary abnormalities, with particular reference to interstitial lung disease (ILD), in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) In conclusion, HRCT is more sensitive than PFTs or CXR in the evaluation of pleuro-pulmonary disease in SLE. We report an unusually high prevalence of HRCT appearances suggestive of ILD in patients with SLE. subclinical lung disease is common in patients with SLE. (author)

  2. [Value of modified APACHE II score in predicting postoperative complications in patients with acute obstructing colorectal carcinoma].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Pei-ge; Li, Hui; Li, Shi-kuan; Jiang, Ying-jun; Gao, Peng; Sui, Guo-de

    2011-04-01

    To evaluate the value of modified acute physiologic and chronic health score (APACHE II score) in predicting postoperative complications in patients with acute obstructing colorectal carcinoma. Postoperative complications in 92 patients with acute obstructing colorectal carcinoma were evaluated by APACHE II score and modified APACHE II score (severe organ dysfunction and immune damage in chronic health indicators were replaced by the duration and degree of obstruction, which were considered as the severity of intestinal obstruction). The sensitivity, specificity, and Youden index were compared with regard to complication prediction. Receiver operating characteristic curves were plotted to calculate area under the curve(AUC). Twenty-five patients developed postoperative complications including 3 deaths. The APACHE-II score(13.72±4.24), modified APACHE II score (19.28±4.92), intestinal obstruction severity score (5.56±2.20) were significantly higher in patients with complications than those in patients without complications (10.58±3.44, 14.69±3.73, 4.10±1.52, all PAPACHE-II score with 20 being the optimal cut-off point, respectively, and were 0.560, 0.896, 0.804, 0.456, and 0.784 for APACHE-II (14 was the optimal cut-off point), respectively. The modified APACHE-II score system with the intestinal obstruction severity score is a better prediction method for the occurrence of postoperative complications in patients with acute obstructing colorectal carcinoma.

  3. Clinical correlates of complicated grief among individuals with acute coronary syndromes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pini S

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Stefano Pini,1 Camilla Gesi,1 Marianna Abelli,1 Alessandra Cardini,1 Lisa Lari,1 Francesca Felice,2 Rossella Di Stefano,2 Gianfranco Mazzotta,3 Francesco Bovenzi,4 Daniele Bertoli,5 Lucia Borelli,4 Paola Michi,1 Claudia Oligeri,3 Alberto Balbarini,2 Vijaya Manicavasagar6 1Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Psychiatry Sector, University of Pisa, Pisa, 2Department of Surgical, Medical, Molecular and Critical Area Pathology, University of Pisa, Pisa, 3Unit of Cardiology, Ospedale Sant’Andrea, La Spezia, 4Cardio-Respiratory Department, Ospedale Campo di Marte, Lucca, 5Unit of Cardiology, Ospedale San Bartolomeo, Sarzana (SP, Italy; 6Black Dog Institute, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia Objective: The study aimed at exploring bereavement and complicated grief (CG symptoms among subjects without a history of coronary heart disease (CHD at the time of a first acute coronary syndrome (ACS and to evaluate the relationship of CG symptoms and ACS. Method: Overall, 149 subjects with ACS (namely, acute myocardial infarct with or without ST-segment elevation or unstable angina, with no previous history of CHD, admitted to three cardiac intensive care units were included and evaluated by the Structured Clinical Interview for Complicated Grief (SCI-CG, Hamilton Depression Rating Scale, Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale, and the 36-item Short-Form Health Survey (MOS-SF-36. Results: Of the total sample of 149 subjects with ACS, 118 (79.2% met criteria for DSM-5 persistent complex bereavement disorder. Among these, subjects who lost a partner, child, or sibling were older (P=0.008, less likely to be working (P=0.032, and more likely to be suffering from hypertension (P=0.021, returned higher scores on the SCI-CG (P=0.001 and developed the index ACS more frequently between 12 and 48 months after the death than those who lost a parent or another relative (P≤0.0001. The occurrence of ACS 12–48 months (P=0.019 after the loss was

  4. Effect of Complications After Minimally Invasive Surgical Repair of Acute Achilles Tendon Ruptures Report on 211 Cases

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Metz, Roderik; van der Heijden, Geert J. M. G.; Verleisdonk, Egbert-Jan M. M.; Kolfschoten, Nicky; Verhofstad, Michiel H. J.; van der Werken, Christiaan

    Background: Complications of acute Achilles tendon rupture treatment are considered to negatively influence outcome, but the relevance of these effects is largely unknown. Purpose: The Achilles Tendon Total Rupture Score (ATRS) was used to determine level of disability in patients with minimally

  5. Surveillance for infectious complications in pediatric acute liver failure - a prospective study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mekala, Suresh; Jagadisan, Barath; Parija, Subhash Chandra; Lakshminarayanan, Subitha

    2015-03-01

    To prospectively evaluate infectious complications (IC) in pediatric acute liver failure (PALF) by employing surveillance cultures. From 2011 to 2013, children with PALF in a tertiary care centre received a standard protocolised management. Prophylactic parenteral antibiotics were used without antifungals. Surveillance cultures of blood, urine, ascites and tracheal aspirates were sent. Biochemical and clinical parameters and outcomes were compared between children with and without IC. Of the 29 children with PALF admitted during the study period (median age 36 mo, range 12-90 mo), 13.8 % had blood stream infections (BSI) at admission. Organisms were isolated in 8.8 % (12/136) of the blood cultures, 13.7 % (11/80) of the urine cultures, 30.8 % (8/26) of the tracheal aspirates and 7.1 % (1/14) of the ascitic fluid cultures. Gram negative bacteriae (n = 17) were the commonest, followed by fungi (n = 13) and gram positive bacteriae (n = 2). Klebsiella pneumoniae and Candida nonalbicans group were the commonest bacteria and fungi respectively. After admission, fungal BSI and urinary tract infections were diagnosed at a median time of 4 d (range 3-8 d) and 3.5 d (range 3-6 d) respectively. ICs were not associated with other complications and increased mortality but with longer hospital and pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) stay. In this study BSI was a common finding at admission in PALF. Inspite of prophylactic antibiotics, break through gram negative bacterial and fungal ICs were common. Empirical treatment of IC should include broad spectrum antibiotics. Fungal IC occurred beyond 48 h. Prophylactic antifungals at admission may be considered to decrease their frequency. IC prolongs PICU and hospital stay.

  6. Orbital lymphatic malformation showing the symptoms of orbital complications of acute rhinosinusitis in children: a report of 2 cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zimmermann, A P; Eivazi, B; Wiegand, S; Werner, J A; Teymoortash, A

    2009-10-01

    Orbital lymphatic malformations are benign cystic malformations of the lymphatic system. The present report shows two cases with symptoms of orbital complications of acute rhinosinusitis with proptosis, compressive optic neuropathy, loss of vision and cellulites in children. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a well-demarcated intraorbital mass with heterogeneous signal conformable with lymphatic malformation in both cases. A tumor extirpation was performed via lateral orbitotomy in both cases. Postoperatively the symptoms and especially the loss of vision improved completely. Histological analysis of the surgical specimens verified lymphatic malformations of the orbit. Orbital lymphatic malformations can mimic the symptoms of orbital complications of acute rhinosinusitis. The existence of lymphatic malformation should be considered in every orbital complication of rhinosinusitis in children.

  7. Antiarrhythmic Drug Therapy for Sustained Ventricular Arrhythmias Complicating Acute Myocardial Infarction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piccini, Jonathan P.; Schulte, Phillip J.; Pieper, Karen S.; Mehta, Rajendra H.; White, Harvey D.; Van de Werf, Frans; Ardissino, Diego; Califf, Robert M.; Granger, Christopher B.; Ohman, E. Magnus; Alexander, John H.

    2010-01-01

    Objective Few data exist to guide antiarrhythmic drug therapy for sustained ventricular tachycardia (VT)/ventricular fibrillation (VF) after acute myocardial infarction (MI). The objective of this analysis was to describe survival of patients with sustained VT/VF post-MI according to antiarrhythmic drug treatment. Design & Setting We conducted a retrospective analysis of ST-segment elevation MI patients with sustained VT/VF in GUSTO IIB and III and compared all-cause death in patients receiving amiodarone, lidocaine, or no antiarrhythmic. We used Cox proportional hazards modeling and inverse weighted estimators to adjust for baseline characteristics, beta-blocker use, and propensity to receive antiarrhythmics. Due to non-proportional hazards for death in early follow-up (0–3 hours after sustained VT/VF) compared with later follow-up (>3 hours), we analyzed all-cause mortality using time-specific hazards. Patients & Interventions Among 19,190 acute MI patients, 1126 (5.9%) developed sustained VT/VF and met the inclusion criteria. Patients received lidocaine (n=664, 59.0%), amiodarone (n=50, 4.4%), both (n=110, 9.8%), or no antiarrhythmic (n=302, 26.8%). Results In the first 3 hours after VT/VF, amiodarone (adjusted HR 0.39, 95% CI 0.21–0.71) and lidocaine (adjusted HR 0.72, 95% CI 0.53–0.96) were associated with a lower hazard of death—likely evidence of survivor bias. Among patients who survived 3 hours, amiodarone was associated with increased mortality at 30 days (adjusted HR 1.71, 95% CI 1.02–2.86) and 6 months (adjusted HR 1.96, 95% CI 1.21–3.16) but lidocaine was not at 30 days (adjusted HR 1.19, 95% CI 0.77–1.82) and 6 months (adjusted HR 1.10, 95% CI 0.73–1.66). Conclusion Among patients with acute MI complicated by sustained VT/VF who survive 3 hours, amiodarone, but not lidocaine, is associated with an increased risk of death; reinforcing the need for randomized trials in this population. PMID:20959785

  8. Risk factors for HBV-related liver cirrhosis complicated by acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding

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    YU Zhirui

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available ObjectiveTo investigate the risk factors for HBV-related liver cirrhosis complicated by acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding (AUGIB. MethodsA total of 58 patients with HBV-related liver cirrhosis complicated by AUGIB who were hospitalized in our hospital from January to December, 2011 were enrolled as study group, and 100 patients with HBV-related liver cirrhosis who did not experience upper gastrointestinal bleeding during the same period of time were enrolled as control group. Their general clinical data were collected. The t-test was used for comparison of continuous data between groups, the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between groups, the multivariate Cox regression model was used to analyze the risk factors, and the life table method was used to analyze 1-, 2-, and 3-year cumulative survival rates and plot survival curves. ResultsThe 1-, 2-, and 3-year cumulative survival rates in the patients with HBV-related liver cirrhosis complicated by AUGIB were 72.2%, 51.9%, and 35.2%, respectively, with a median survival time of 24.7 months. The univariate analysis showed that AUGIB was associated with bleeding history (χ2=7.128, P=0008, course of disease (t=8.283, P<0.001, bad eating habits (χ2=7.612, P=0.006, Child-Pugh class (χ2=6.045, P=0049, degree of esophageal varices (χ2=46.241, P<0.001, gastric varices (χ2=14.211, P<0.001, and portal hypertension (χ2=6.846, P=0009. The multivariate Cox regression analysis revealed that course of disease (RR=0.745, 95%CI: 0.824-0967, P=0.026, bad eating habits (RR=1.426, 95%CI: 1.033-2.582, P=0.032, Child-Pugh class (RR=2.032, 95%CI: 1.05-2.34, P=0036, degree of esophageal varices (RR=0.796, 95%CI: 1.23-3.37, P=0.015, degree of gastric varices (RR=0825, 95%CI: 2.46-392, P=0.043, and portal hypertension (RR=0.983, 95%CI: 1.26-3.75, P=0.007 were independent risk factors for the prognosis of patients with HBV-related liver cirrhosis

  9. Jejunal Diverticulosis Presented with Acute Abdomen and Diverticulitis Complication: A Case Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fidan, Nurdan; Mermi, Esra Ummuhan; Acay, Mehtap Beker; Murat, Muammer; Zobaci, Ethem

    2015-01-01

    Summary Background Jejunal diverticulosis is a rare, usually asymptomatic disease. Its incidence increases with age. If symptomatic, diverticulosis may cause life-threatening acute complications such as diverticulitis, perforation, intestinal hemorrhage and obstruction. In this report, we aimed to present a 67-year-old male patient with jejunal diverticulitis accompanying with abdominal pain and vomiting. Case Report A 67-year-old male patient complaining of epigastric pain for a week and nausea and fever for a day presented to our emergency department. Ultrasonographic examination in our clinic revealed diverticulum-like images with thickened walls adjacent to the small intestine loops, and increase in the echogenicity of the surrounding mesenteric fat tissue. Contrast-enhanced abdominal computed tomography showed multiple diverticula, thickened walls with showing contrast enhancement and adjacent jejunum in the left middle quadrant, increased density of the surrounding mesenteric fat tissue, and mesenteric lymph nodes. The patient was hospitalized by general surgery department with the diagnosis of jejunal diverticulitis. Conservative intravenous fluid administration and antibiotic therapy were initiated. Clinical symptoms regressed and the patient was discharged from hospital after 2 weeks. Conclusions In cases of diverticulitis it should be kept in mind that in patients with advanced age and pain in the left quadrant of the abdomen, diverticular disease causing mortality and morbidity does not always originate from the colon but might also originate from the jejunum. PMID:26715947

  10. The Role of DNA Amplification and Cultural Growth in Complicated Acute Appendicitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tocchioni, Francesca; Tani, Chiara; Bartolini, Laura; Moriondo, Maria; Nieddu, Francesco; Pecile, Patrizia; Azzari, Chiara; Messineo, Antonio; Ghionzoli, Marco

    2016-09-19

    Bacterial growth of peritoneal fluid specimens obtained during surgical procedures for acute appendicitis may be useful to optimize further antibiotic therapy in complicated cases. DNA amplification represents a fast technique to detect microbial sequences. We aimed to compare the potential of DNA amplification versus traditional bacterial growth culture highlighting advantages and drawbacks in a surgical setting. Peritoneal fluid specimens were collected during surgery from 36 children who underwent appendectomy between May and December 2012. Real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and cultures were performed on each sample. RT-PCR showed an amplification of 16S in 18/36 samples, Escherichia coli (in 7 cases), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (3), Fusobacterium necrophorum (3), Adenovirus (2), E.coli (1), Klebsiella pneumoniae (1), Serratia marcescens/Enterobacter cloacae (1). Bacterial growth was instead observed only in four patients (3 E.coli and 1 P.aeruginosa and Bacteroides ovatus). Preoperative C-reactive protein and inflammation degree, the most reliable indicators of bacterial translocation, were elevated as expected. DNA amplification was a quick and useful method to detect pathogens and it was even more valuable in detecting aggressive pathogens such as anaerobes, difficult to preserve in biological cultures; its drawbacks were the lack of biological growths and of antibiograms. In our pilot study RT-PCR and cultures did not influence the way patients were treated.

  11. Postmortem changes in lungs in severe closed traumatic brain injury complicated by acute respiratory failure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. A. Tumanskiy

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available V.А. Tumanskіy, S.І. Ternishniy, L.M. Tumanskaya Pathological changes in the lungs were studied in the work of 42 patiens who died from severe closed intracranial injury (SCII. It was complicated with acute respiratory insufficient (ARI. The most modified subpleural areas were selected from every lobe of the lungs for pathological studies. Prepared histological sections were stained by means of hemotoxylin and eosin and by Van Giеson for light microscopy. The results of the investigation have shown absence of the significant difference of pathological changes in the lungs of patients who died from ARI because of severe brain injury and traumatic intracranial hemorrhage. Pathognomic pathological changes in the lungs as a result of acute lung injury syndrome (ALIS were found in deceased patients on the third day since the SCII (n=8. There was a significant bilateral interstitial edema and mild alveolar edema with the presence of red and blood cells in the alveoli, vascular plethora of the septum interalveolar and stasis of blood in the capillaries, the slight pericapillary leukocyte infiltration, subpleural hemorrhage and laminar pulmonary atelectasis. In deceased patients on 4-6 days after SCII that was complicated with ARI (n=14, morphological changes had been detected in the lungs. It was pathognomic for acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS with local pneumonic to be layered. A significant interstitial pulmonary edema was observed in the respiratory part of the lungs. The edema has spread from the walls of the alveoli into the interstitial spaces of the bronchioles and blood vessels, and also less marked serous-hemorrhagic alveolar edema with presence of the fibrin in the alveoli and macrophages. The ways of intrapleural lymphatic drainage were dilatated. Histopathological changes in the lungs of those who died on the 7-15th days after severe closed craniocerebral injury with ARI to be complicated (n=12 have been indicative of two

  12. Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis complicating dengue infection with neuroimaging mimicking multiple sclerosis: A report of two cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Viswanathan, S; Botross, N; Rusli, B N; Riad, A

    2016-11-01

    Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) complicating dengue infection is still exceedingly rare even in endemic countries such as Malaysia. Here we report two such cases, the first in an elderly female patient and the second in a young man. Both presented with encephalopathy, brainstem involvement and worsening upper and lower limb weakness. Initial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain was normal in the first case. Serum for dengue Ig M and NS-1 was positive in both cases. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) showed pleocytosis in both with Dengue IgM and NS-1 positive in the second case but not done in the first. MRI brain showed changes of perpendicular subcortical palisading white matter, callosal and brainstem disease mimicking multiple sclerosis (MS) in both patients though in the former case there was a lag between the onset of clinical symptoms and MRI changes which was only clarified on reimaging. The temporal evolution and duration of the clinical symptoms, CSF changes and neuroimaging were more suggestive of Dengue ADEM rather than an encephalitis though initially the first case began as dengue encephalitis. Furthermore in dengue encephalitis neuroimaging is usually normal or rarely edema, haemorrhage, brainstem, thalamic or focal lesions are seen. Therefore, early recognition of ADEM as a sequelae of dengue infection with neuroimaging mimicking MS and repeat imaging helped in identifying these two cases. Treatment with intravenous steroids followed by maintenance oral steroids produced good outcome in both patients. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  13. The role of DNA amplification and cultural growth in complicated acute appendicitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesca Tocchioni

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Bacterial growth of peritoneal fluid specimens obtained during surgical procedures for acute appendicitis may be useful to optimize further antibiotic therapy in complicated cases. DNA amplification represents a fast technique to detect microbial sequences. We aimed to compare the potential of DNA amplification versus traditional bacterial growth culture highlighting advantages and drawbacks in a surgical setting. Peritoneal fluid specimens were collected during surgery from 36 children who underwent appendectomy between May and December 2012. Real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR and cultures were performed on each sample. RT-PCR showed an amplification of 16S in 18/36 samples, Escherichia coli (in 7 cases, Pseudomonas aeruginosa (3, Fusobacterium necrophorum (3, Adenovirus (2, E.coli (1, Klebsiella pneumoniae (1, Serratia marcescens/Enterobacter cloacae (1. Bacterial growth was instead observed only in four patients (3 E.coli and 1 P.aeruginosa and Bacteroides ovatus. Preoperative C-reactive protein and inflammation degree, the most reliable indicators of bacterial translocation, were elevated as expected. DNA amplification was a quick and useful method to detect pathogens and it was even more valuable in detecting aggressive pathogens such as anaerobes, difficult to preserve in biological cultures; its drawbacks were the lack of biological growths and of antibiograms. In our pilot study RT-PCR and cultures did not influence the way patients were treated.

  14. Osteonecrosis as a complication in pediatric patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ilaria Riccio

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Osteonecrosis is a significant adverse effect of treatment administered to children suffering from acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL that may have a negative effect on the quality of life. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the rate of secondary vascular osteonecrosis (ON in a population of pediatric patients with ALL treated with corticosteroids and cytostatic agents. A retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data of the medical records of 328 patients with ALL identified 4 cases with ON, corresponding to 1.2% of all cases observed. Of the 4 patients identified in our study 3 were girls and 1 was a boy, aged from 10 to 16 years old (average age at diagnosis, 12 years. Median time between the diagnosis of ALL and ON was 12.5 months (range, 12 to 36 months. Regarding the lesion size of ON, in all cases the femoral head (monolateral in 1 case and bilateral in 3 cases was involved and was associated with the scapula-humeral joint in one case. ON of the weight-bearing joints has been identified as a severe complication in children with leukemia that may be associated with the development of articular surface collapse, subsequent debilitating arthritis, sometimes needing arthroplasty. For this reason it is very important to implement prevention strategies, especially in adolescent girls treated with steroids and chemotherapy. An early diagnosis of ON and careful orthopedic follow-up are necessary in order to avoid bone deformations related to the late start or the wrong therapy.

  15. Osteonecrosis as a complication in pediatric patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riccio, Ilaria; Pota, Elvira; Marcarelli, Marco; Affinita, Maria Carmen; Di Pinto, Daniela; Indolfi, Cristiana; Del Regno, Nicola; Esposito, Marco

    2016-11-28

    Osteonecrosis is a significant adverse effect of treatment administered to children suffering from acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) that may have a negative effect on the quality of life. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the rate of secondary vascular osteonecrosis (ON) in a population of pediatric patients with ALL treated with corticosteroids and cytostatic agents. A retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data of the medical records of 328 patients with ALL identified 4 cases with ON, corresponding to 1.2% of all cases observed. Of the 4 patients identified in our study 3 were girls and 1 was a boy, aged from 10 to 16 years old (average age at diagnosis, 12 years). Median time between the diagnosis of ALL and ON was 12.5 months (range, 12 to 36 months). Regarding the lesion size of ON, in all cases the femoral head (monolateral in 1 case and bilateral in 3 cases) was involved and was associated with the scapula-humeral joint in one case. ON of the weight-bearing joints has been identified as a severe complication in children with leukemia that may be associated with the development of articular surface collapse, subsequent debilitating arthritis, sometimes needing arthroplasty. For this reason it is very important to implement prevention strategies, especially in adolescent girls treated with steroids and chemotherapy. An early diagnosis of ON and careful orthopedic follow-up are necessary in order to avoid bone deformations related to the late start or the wrong therapy.

  16. Alimentary lipemia enhances procoagulatory effects of inflammation in patients with a history of acute myocardial infarction complicated by ventricular fibrillation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kälsch, Thorsten; Elmas, Elif; Nguyen, Xuan Duc; Leweling, Hans; Klüter, Harald; Borggrefe, Martin; Dempfle, Carl Erik

    2008-01-11

    Acute myocardial infarction, often occurring postprandially, can be complicated by ventricular fibrillation. The role of acute alimentary lipemia and inflammation in the occurrence of ventricular arrhythmias in acute myocardial infarction has not been described yet. Before and 2 h after consumption of a defined fatty meal, blood samples of 27 patients with a history of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) were incubated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). In 10 patients, AMI was complicated by ventricular fibrillation (VF), in 17 patients, AMI occurred without VF. CD40-ligand and CD62P expression on platelets, tissue-factor binding on monocytes and platelet-monocyte aggregates were measured with flow cytometry. Soluble CD40-ligand plasma levels were measured with an ELISA. With the meal, serum triglyceride levels increased from 211.85+/-94.60 mg/dl to 273.59+/-122.52 mg/dl (p=0.0002). LPS stimulation before the meal showed a non-significant tendency to increase platelet-monocyte aggregates and tissue factor on monocytes in both patient groups. LPS stimulation in acute alimentary lipemia significantly increased tissue-factor expression on monocytes in both patient groups and platelet-monocyte aggregates in patients with VF. Baseline plasma levels of soluble CD40L did not differ significantly between both groups. Acute alimentary lipemia significantly decreased total plasma levels of sCD40L, leading to a significantly lower level of sCD40L in patients with a history of VF. Alimentary lipemia enhances procoagulatory effects of inflammatory stimulation in patients with a history of AMI complicated by ventricular fibrillation. These observations might reveal a mechanism for an increased risk of VF in acute coronary syndromes in a postprandial state.

  17. A Case of Acute Budd-Chiari Syndrome Complicating Primary Antiphospholipid Syndrome Presenting as Acute Abdomen and Responding to Tight Anticoagulant Therapy

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    Naofumi Chinen

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available A 34-year-old woman with primary antiphospholipid syndrome was admitted to the Gastroenterology Department of our hospital with fever, acute abdomen, watery diarrhea, and extremely high levels of inflammatory parameters. She had a history of left lower limb deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism and was taking warfarin potassium. Acute gastroenteritis was suspected and an antibiotic was administered, but symptoms progressed. Abdominal ultrasonography showed occlusion of the left hepatic vein and the middle hepatic vein and her D-dimer level was high. Accordingly, Budd-Chiari syndrome was diagnosed and high-dose intravenous infusion of heparin was initiated. Her abdominal symptoms improved and the levels of inflammatory parameters and D-dimer decreased rapidly. It is known that antiphospholipid syndrome can be complicated by Budd-Chiari syndrome that usually occurs as subacute or chronic onset, but acute onset is rare. It is difficult to diagnose acute Budd-Chiari syndrome complicating antiphospholipid syndrome and this complication generally has a poor outcome. However, the present case can get early diagnosis and successful treatment with tight anticoagulant therapy.

  18. Young male patients are at elevated risk of developing serious central nervous system complications during acute Puumala hantavirus infection

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    Hautala Timo

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Our aim was to characterize clinical properties and laboratory parameters in patients with or without cerebrospinal fluid (CSF findings suggestive of central nervous system (CNS involvement, and especially those who developed serious CNS complications during acute nephropathia epidemica (NE caused by Puumala hantavirus (PUUV infection. Methods A prospective cohort of 40 patients with acute NE and no signs of major CNS complications was analyzed. In addition, 8 patients with major CNS complications associated with NE were characterized. We collected data of CNS symptoms, CSF analysis, brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI results, electroencephalography (EEG recordings, kidney function, and a number of laboratory parameters. Selected patients were evaluated by an ophthalmologist. Results Patients with a positive CSF PUUV IgM finding or major CNS complications were more often males (p Conclusions CNS and ocular involvement during and after acute NE can cause permanent damage and these symptoms seem to be attributable to true infection of the CNS rather than increased tissue permeability. The possibility of this condition should be borne in mind especially in young male patients.

  19. Bilateral gluteal compartment syndrome complicated by rhabdomyolysis and acute kidney injury in a patient with alcohol intoxication

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    Jae Young Cho

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Bilateral gluteal compartment syndrome is a rare clinical entity that can be complicated by rhabdomyolysis or acute kidney injury (AKI. We report the a case of a 30-year-old woman without any comorbid diseases who was diagnosed with bilateral gluteal compartment syndrome complicated by rhabdomyolysis and dialysis-requiring AKI, which was caused by prolonged immobilization under the influence of alcohol. Although the patient’s renal function recovered fully after 5 sessions of hemodialysis, sciatic neuropathy caused by gluteal compartment syndrome led to permanent foot drop.

  20. Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Complicated by Amiodarone Induced Pulmonary Fibrosis: Don't Let Your Guard Down.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Vipin Kumar; Maheshwari, Vijeta

    2017-04-01

    Amiodarone is an antiarrhythmic agent which is commonly used to treat both supraventricular and ventricular arrhythmias. This iodine containing compound has been associated with several adverse events like it tends to accumulate in several organs. Among those, the most serious is Amiodarone Pulmonary Toxicity (APT). While the incidence of this complication has decreased with the use of lower doses of amiodarone but it can occur with any dose. Pulmonary complications usually present as an acute or subacute pneumonitis. On chest X-ray and high-resolution Computed Tomography (CT), diffuse infiltrates were found. Here, we present a case in which acute respiratory distress syndrome like features were detected which got subsided after stopping tablet amiodarone. The patient was a known case of atrial fibrillation for which she was taking tablet amiodarone for the last six months.

  1. Clinical Outcomes and Complications of Percutaneous Achilles Repair System Versus Open Technique for Acute Achilles Tendon Ruptures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsu, Andrew R; Jones, Carroll P; Cohen, Bruce E; Davis, W Hodges; Ellington, J Kent; Anderson, Robert B

    2015-11-01

    Limited incision techniques for acute Achilles tendon ruptures have been developed in recent years to improve recovery and reduce postoperative complications compared with traditional open repair. The purpose of this retrospective cohort study was to analyze the clinical outcomes and postoperative complications between acute Achilles tendon ruptures treated using a percutaneous Achilles repair system (PARS [Arthrex, Inc, Naples, FL]) versus open repair and evaluate the overall outcomes for operatively treated Achilles ruptures. Between 2005 and 2014, 270 consecutive cases of operatively treated acute Achilles tendon ruptures were reviewed (101 PARS, 169 open). Patients with Achilles tendinopathy, insertional ruptures, chronic tears, or less than 3-month follow-up were excluded. Operative treatment consisted of a percutaneous technique (PARS) using a 2-cm transverse incision with FiberWire (Arthrex, Inc, Naples, FL) sutures or open repair using a 5- to 8-cm posteromedial incision with FiberWire in a Krackow fashion reinforced with absorbable sutures. Patient demographics were recorded along with medical comorbidities, activity at injury, time from injury to surgery, length of follow-up, return to baseline activities by 5 months, and postoperative complications. The most common activity during injury for both groups was basketball (PARS: 39%, open: 47%). A greater number of patients treated with PARS were able to return to baseline physical activities by 5 months compared with the open group (PARS: 98%, open: 82%; P = .0001). There were no significant differences (P > .05) between groups in rates of rerupture (P = 1.0), sural neuritis (P = .16), wound dehiscence (P = .74), superficial (P = .29) and/or deep infection (P = .29), or reoperation (P = .13). There were no deep vein thromboses (DVTs) or reruptures in either group. In the PARS group, there were no cases of sural neuritis, 3 cases (3%) of superficial wound dehiscence, and 2 reoperations (2%) for superficial

  2. [Allelic variants of immune response genes in children with infectious complications during the treatment of acute leukemia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Avdonina, M A; Abramov, I S; Ammour, Y I; Nasedkina, T V

    2017-01-01

    Infectious complications that arise during the treatment of children with acute leukemia with chemotherapeutic agents at high doses represent a serious problem in oncohematology. To find genetic conditions that may lead to the development of postchemotherapy infections, the genomes of 12 children with acute leukemia who had severe infectious complications during therapy were examined. At the same time, the coding regions of 17 genes involved in the regulation of the immune response were determined by massive parallel sequencing. The analysis revealed 39 nonsynonymous SNPs that lead to amino acid substitutions, including the following informative genetic markers: PTPN22 c.1858C>T (rs2476601), TLR4 c.896A>G (rs4986790) and TLR4 c.1196C>T (rs4986791), IL7R c.197T>C (rs1494555) and IL7R c.412G>A (rs1494558). The results of massive parallel sequencing were validated by Sanger sequencing. The identification of genetic markers associated with the predisposition to infectious complications may allow one to assess the individual risk of the severe infection development in children with acute leukemia during the treatment with chemotherapeutic agents and to begin the development of personalized approaches to anticancer therapy.

  3. The effect of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines on incidence and microbiology associated with complicated acute otitis media.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laursen, B B; Danstrup, C S; Hoffmann, S; Nørskov-Lauritsen, N; Christensen, A L B; Ovesen, T

    2017-10-01

    The objectives of this study were to investigate the incidence of complicated acute otitis media (cAOM) as well as the associated microbiology before and after introduction of the 7- and 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCV-7 and -13), respectively. CAOM comprises "heavy" AOM (AOM demanding hospitalization), mastodismus (M) and acute mastoiditis (AM). A retrospective cohort study of the incidence and microbiology associated with cAOM during the non-PCV era, the PCV-7 and 13 eras, respectively. Clinical and microbiological data were prospectively registered in a local database. The incidences of cAOM as well as the distribution of various bacterial strains in the three eras were compared. A total of 246 cases of cAOM (125 in the pre-vaccine period (2001-2006), 50 in the PCV-7 period (2007-2010) and 71 in the PCV-13 period (2011-2015)) were identified. The incidence of hAOM decreased by 62% in the PCV7-era but increased to almost pre-vaccine levels in the PCV-13 era. In the M + AM group, a decrease by almost 21% in the PCV7-era was found compared to the pre vaccine era, whereas the decrease was only 12% in the PCV13-era. The three most common findings in both hAOM and M + AM were Streptococcus pneumonia (SP), group A streptococcus (GAS) and "no growth". In the hAOM group, SP decreased from 38% in the pre-vaccine era to 31% in the PCV7-era and further to 16% in the PCV13-era. GAS decreased from 17% in the pre-vaccine era to 0% in the PCV7-era and 16% in the PCV13-era. The percentage of "no growth" increased from 12% to 38% and 44%, respectively. In the M + AM group, SP decreased to 10% in the PCV13-era compared with 44% in the pre-vaccine era and 41% in the PCV7-era. An increase in GAS from 15% in the pre-vaccine era and PCV7-era to 30% in the PCV13-era was observed. The "no growth" percentage increased from 13% in the pre-vaccine era to 26% in the PCV7-era and 33% in the PCV13-era. Introduction of PCV7 and PCV13 has been associated with an overall

  4. Phyto-inhalation for treatment of complications of acute respiratory viral diseases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I.B. Ershova

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Inhalations (inhalation of medicinal substances are one of the effective ways to treat upper respiratory tract diseases and colds. Inhalation therapy is used to treat rhinitis, sinusitis, tonsillitis, pharyngitis, laryngitis, bronchitis and pneumonia, which can be complications of acute respiratory viral infections. The main rules of inhalation are as follows to conduct the procedure better after 1.5 hours after eating; clothes should not impede breathing; the procedure can be carried out only while sitting or standing; solution for the inhaler for treatment of bronchitis should be fresh; it is necessary to strictly keep the prescribed dosage; the time of the procedure should also be respected — usually it is from 1 to 4 minutes, sometimes for adults up to 10 minutes, for children the inhalation period is shorter — 1–2 minutes. Contraindications to inhalation are body temperature above 37.5 degrees; propensity to nasal blee­ding in a patient; propensity to increased arterial pressure, with cardiovascular failure; purulent inflammation of the tonsils; respiratory failure. The procedure should be stopped immediately in case of appearance of adverse symptoms such as shortness of breath, dizziness, difficulty in breathing. Therefore, inhalations must be prescribed by a doctor after examination of a patient. During inhalations in rhinitis, you should try to inhale the vapor through the nose. For effective treatment of rhinitis, inhalations from conife­rous plants are very suitable: fir, pine, juniper, larch, from steamed dried chamomile flowers, mint, and blackberry leaves. Honey inhalations can be used for the treatment of acute and chronic diseases of the upper respiratory tract (tonsillitis, pharyngitis, laryngitis and tracheitis. Medical herbal inhalation for children should be carried out from the age of two years. This must be done under the constant supervision of an adult. Leaves of coniferous trees: pine, fir, if or juniper, cedar

  5. Streptococcus milleri group pleuropulmonary infection in children: computed tomographic findings and clinical features.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Edward Y; Khatwa, Umakanth; McAdam, Alexander J; Bastos, Maria d'Almeida; Mahmood, Soran A; Ervoes, John P; Boiselle, Phillip M

    2010-01-01

    Streptococcus milleri group streptococci have recently been increasingly recognized as important pulmonary pathogens, but their imaging features have not been well documented in children. We have recently observed a number of cases of this infection among pediatric patients at our tertiary care, children's hospital. Our purpose was to investigate the computed tomographic (CT) findings and clinical features of S. milleri group pleuropulmonary infection in children. We used our hospital information system to identify all consecutive pediatric patients (milleri group infection and a chest CT scan between December 1996 and May 2009. Each scan was systemically reviewed by 2 pediatric radiologists for pleural and lung parenchymal abnormalities. Pleural effusions were classified as either simple or complex and correlated with results of pleural fluid analysis. Computed tomographic findings were compared with chest radiographic findings in the subset of patients who underwent radiography within 24 hours of CT. Microbiological data, risk factors, immune status, patient management, and clinical outcome were systematically reviewed. The final study cohort consisted of 15 children (6 boys and 9 girls), ranging in age from 4.2 years to 17.7 years (mean, 10.8 years). All patients were immunocompetent without recognized risk factors for this infection. Thirteen pleural effusions were identified in 10 (67%) of the 15 patients, including 10 complex and 3 simple pleural effusions. All complex effusions at CT were consistent with empyemas by pleural fluid analysis. Lung parenchymal abnormalities were identified in 7 (47%) of the 15 patients, including lung abscess in 4 patients, consolidation in 2, and multiple bilateral pulmonary nodules and lung abscesses in 1. In the subset of 7 patients with comparison radiographs, radiographic and CT findings were concordant for the detection of lung abnormalities, except one case in which consolidation was diagnosed on chest radiography

  6. Robotic CABG decreases 30-day complication rate, length of stay and acute care facility discharge rate compared to conventional surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leyvi, Galina; Forest, Stephen; Srinivas, V. S.; Greenberg, Mark; Wang, Nan; Mais, Alec; Snyder, Max; DeRose, Joseph J.

    2015-01-01

    Summary Objective The objective of this study was to compare the short term outcomes of robotic with conventional on pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Methods The study population included 2091 consecutive patients who underwent either conventional or robotic CABG from January 2007 to March 2012. Pre-operative, intra-operative and 30-day post-operative variables were collected for each group. In order to compare the incidence of rapid recovery between conventional and robotic CABG, the surrogate variables of early discharge and discharge to home (versus rehabilitation or acute care facility) were evaluated. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was utilized. Results One hundred and fifty robotic and 1,619 conventional CABG cases were analyzed. Multivariate logistic regression analysis demonstrated that robotic surgery was a strong predictor of lower 30-day complications (OR = 0.24, p=0.005), short length of stay (OR 3.31, p < 0.001), and decreased need for an acute care facility (OR 0.55, p = 0.032). In the presence of complications (NY State Complication Composite), the robotic technique was not associated with a change in discharge status. Conclusions In this retrospective review robotic CABG was associated with a lower 30-day complication rate, a shorter length of stay and a lower incidence of acute care facility discharge than conventional on pump CABG. It may suggest a more rapid recovery to pre-operative status after robotic surgery: however, only a randomized prospective study could confirm the advantages of a robotic approach PMID:25238421

  7. Successful treatment of acute renal failure secondary to complicated infective endocarditis by peritoneal dialysis: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Osail, Aisha M; Al-Zahrani, Ibrahim M; Al-Abdulwahab, Abdullah A; Alhajri, Sarah M; Al-Osail, Emad M; Al-Hwiesh, Abdullah K; Al-Muhanna, Fahad A

    2017-09-07

    Infective endocarditis is one of the most common infections among intravenous drug addicts. Its complications can affect many systems, and these can include acute renal failure. There is a scarcity of cases in the literature related to acute renal failure secondary to infective endocarditis treated with peritoneal dialysis. In this paper, the case of a 48-year-old Saudi male is reported, who presented with features suggestive of infective endocarditis and who developed acute kidney injury that was treated successfully with high tidal volume automated peritoneal dialysis. To our knowledge, this is the second report of such an association in the literature. A 48-year-old Saudi gentleman diagnosed to have a glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency and hepatitis C infection for the last 9 years, presented to the emergency department with a history of fever of 2 days' duration. On examination: his temperature = 41 °C, there was clubbing of the fingers bilaterally and a pansystolic murmur in the left parasternal area. The results of the blood cultures and echocardiogram were supportive of the diagnosis of infective endocarditis, and the patient subsequently developed acute kidney injury, and his creatinine reached 5.2 mg/dl, a level for which dialysis is essential for the patient to survive. High tidal volume automated peritoneal dialysis is highly effective as a renal replacement therapy in acute renal failure secondary to infective endocarditis if no contraindication is present.

  8. A STUDY ON INCIDENCE OF ACUTE CARDIOVASCULAR COMPLICATIONS DURING MAINTENANCE HAEMODIALYSIS OF END-STAGE RENAL FAILURE PATIENTS

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    Darimireddi Siva Kumar

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND To study the incidence of acute cardiovascular complications during haemodialysis in patients with chronic kidney disease with end-stage renal failure on maintenance haemodialysis. METHODS Patients with chronic kidney disease with end-stage renal failure on maintenance haemodialysis at King George Hospital, Andhra Medical College, Visakhapatnam, India, were studied during the period of June 2015 to August 2016. In our study, all the 100 patients underwent 8510 haemodialysis sessions during 1-year period of study. RESULTS Cardiovascular complications are the most common intradialytic complications occurred during the study. Hypotension is the commonest of all the intradialytic as well as cardiovascular complications with a frequency of 1278, which account for 15.01% of the haemodialysis sessions. This was followed by 879 episodes of hypertension (10.32%, 190 episodes of cardiac arrhythmias (2.23%, which include complex ventricular arrhythmias and supraventricular arrhythmias and 162 episodes of chest pain (1.90%. Of the 100 patients, 37% of patients developed cardiac arrhythmias during haemodialysis. The frequency of arrhythmic episodes was 190 (2.23%. Among these, Supraventricular Arrhythmias (SVA and Complex Ventricular Arrhythmic (CVA episodes account for 159 (83.68% and 31 (16.31%, respectively. CVA and SVA occurred in 29% and 19% of patients in the study group, respectively. Both CVA and SVA occurred in 12% of patients. CONCLUSION Intradialytic hypotension is the most common acute intradialytic complication in patients with chronic kidney disease with endstage renal failure undergoing maintenance haemodialysis. This is followed by intradialytic hypertension. Sudden cardiac arrest is the most common cause of death during haemodialysis in patients with end-stage renal disease on haemodialysis. Mortality is high in patients with end-stage renal failure in maintenance haemodialysis with ischaemic heart disease.

  9. Analysis of complications of prone position in acute respiratory distress syndrome: quality standard, incidence and related factors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jové Ponseti, E; Villarrasa Millán, A; Ortiz Chinchilla, D

    The monitoring system based on standards of quality allows clinicians to evaluate and improve the patient's care. According to the quality indicators recommended by Sociedad Española de Medicina Intensiva Crítica y Unidades Coronarias, and due to the importance of prone position (PP) as a treatment in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome, it is fundamental to keep accurate record of serious adverse events occurring during the prone position procedure and its posterior analysis. To establish fulfilment of the Sociedad Española de Medicina Intensiva Crítica y Unidades Coronarias standards of quality according to the register of serious complications. To identify the incidence of serious complications registered as well as to identify possible factors related to these complications. Retrospective, cross-sectionsl descriptive study, polyvalent ICU (16 beds). Study population Patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome treated with PP (January 2012-December 2013). Study variables PP recording, accidental extubation, removal of catheters, decubitus ulcers (DU), ETT obstruction, urgency of the procedure, hours in PP, nutritional intake, type of feeding tube, food regurgitation/retention and use of prokinetics/muscle relaxant. The study sample comprised 38 cases, with an adequate record of complications in 92.1% of the cases. DU were the only serious complication recorded, with a 25.7% incidence. Possible factors related to DU: more hours in PP in patients developing DU (p= .067). Less incidence of DU in well-nourished patients (p= .577). 82.9% of patients were not appropriately nourished. The percentage of records duly completed is very high. The presence of DU (grade 1-2 mostly) is to be noted. There is no stastistical significance, although a trend is obversed, between DU and hours in PP. Copyright © 2017 Sociedad Española de Enfermería Intensiva y Unidades Coronarias (SEEIUC). Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  10. Breast and pleuropulmonary metastasis of multirecurrent scalp dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ouédraogo Nde, N-A; Ouédraogo, N A; Bambara, H A; Tiemtoré-Kambou, B M A; Traoré, F; Zongo, N; Ouédraogo, M S; Tapsoba, G P; Thouraya Chtioui, Achach; Lamien/Sanou, A

    2017-04-08

    Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans is a rare tumor, representing about 0.1% of skin malignant tumors. It is characterized by local aggressiveness with significant potential for recurrence. Although metastasis is rare, it does occur. We report a case of a Burkinabe woman with dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans. A 27-year-old Burkinabe woman consulted our institution for a recurrent scalp nodule that had been evolving for 13 years. At clinical examination, she was in good condition with a dry cough. An atrophic scarring alopecic plaque of 15-cm diameter in the right parietal region of the scalp, topped by an erythematous firm nodule measuring 3 × 2 × 2 cm, was noted, as well as a mobile nodule located in the axillary tail of the right breast. Cerebral computed tomodensitometry had not objectified the reach of the vault or the brain. A thoracic scan revealed four intrathoracic tissue masses straight to pleural touch. There were no evolutionary lesions in the abdominopelvic region. Histopathologic examination of the biopsy of the scalp nodule showed a proliferation of fibrous background, with fusiform cells carrying a storiform appearance. These cells had dark, elongated nuclei and showed some mitosis without atypia. The cells expressed CD34 intensely and diffusely. The test results were negative for PS100 and smooth muscle actin. The breast nodule showed the same profile as the scalp nodule. We concluded on the diagnosis of scalp dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans with breast metastasis and probable pleuropulmonary metastasis.

  11. Early Angiopoietin-2 Levels after Onset Predict the Advent of Severe Pancreatitis, Multiple Organ Failure, and Infectious Complications in Patients with Acute Pancreatitis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Buddingh, Karel T.; Koudstaal, Lyan G.; van Santvoort, Hjalmar C.; Besselink, Marc G.; Timmer, Robin; Rosman, Camiel; Goor ,van Harry; Nijmeijer, Rian M.; Gooszen, Hein; Leuvenink, Henri G. D.; Ploeg, Rutger J.; Nieuwenhuijs, Vincent B.

    BACKGROUND: Acute pancreatitis is a severe condition that requires early identification of patients at risk of developing potentially lethal complications. Current clinical scoring systems and biochemical parameters are insufficient. In this study, we aimed to assess whether early plasma

  12. Early angiopoietin-2 levels after onset predict the advent of severe pancreatitis, multiple organ failure, and infectious complications in patients with acute pancreatitis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Buddingh, K.T.; Koudstaal, L.G.; Santvoort, H.C. van; Besselink, M.G.; Timmer, R.; Rosman, C.; Goor, H. van; Nijmeijer, R.M.; Gooszen, H.G.; Leuvenink, H.G.; Ploeg, R.J.; Nieuwenhuijs, V.B.

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Acute pancreatitis is a severe condition that requires early identification of patients at risk of developing potentially lethal complications. Current clinical scoring systems and biochemical parameters are insufficient. In this study, we aimed to assess whether early plasma

  13. Obscured hemorrhagic pancreatitis after orthotopic heart transplantation complicated with acute right heart failure and hepatic dysfunction: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Ting-Wei; Tsai, Meng-Ta; Roan, Jun-Neng; Liu, Yi-Sheng; Tsai, Hong-Ming; Luo, Chwan-Yau

    2016-12-01

    Pancreatitis is a serious complication after cardiac surgery and can lead to significant morbidities and mortality. The incidence of pancreatitis is even higher in patients undergoing heart transplantation than in those undergoing other cardiac surgeries. Nevertheless, the clinical presentations of pancreatitis are frequently atypical in these patients. We report a heart recipient who was complicated with acute right heart failure initially after orthotopic heart transplantation and developed devastating unanticipated hemorrhagic pancreatitis 1 month after the transplantation. This crypto-symptomatic pancreatitis was not diagnosed until massive internal bleeding and hemorrhagic shock occurred, because the typical presentations of acute pancreatitis were masked by the intra-abdominal manifestations caused by right heart failure and congestive liver dysfunction. The patient underwent a successful transarterial embolization. The causes of pancreatitis after heart transplantation include low cardiac output, immunosuppressant use and cytomegalovirus infection. The typical symptoms of pancreatitis might be not apparent in patients after heart transplantation because of their immunosuppressive status. Furthermore, in patients complicated with right heart failure after transplantation, the manifestation of pancreatitis could be even more obscure. The prompt diagnosis is highly depended on the clinician's astuteness.

  14. A rare complication of acute appendicitis: complete bilateral distal ureteral obstruction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Aronson, D. C.; Moorman-Voestermans, C. G.; Tiel-van Buul, M. M.; Vos, A.

    1994-01-01

    Three children treated for appendicitis developed anuria and acute renal insufficiency several days after appendicectomy. Associated hydronephrosis or hydroureters were present in two. At cystoscopy, marked swelling of the trigonum and ureteric orifices was seen. One patient developed unilateral

  15. A quantitative histopathological study of right bundle branch block complicating acute anteroseptal myocardial infarction.

    OpenAIRE

    Okabe, M; Fukuda, K; Nakashima, Y; Hiroki, T; Arakawa, K; Kikuchi, M

    1991-01-01

    The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether necrosis of the right bundle branch is responsible for development of right bundle branch block in acute myocardial infarction. Twenty patients with acute anteroseptal myocardial infarction were studied--10 with right bundle branch block (group A) and 10 without (group B)--to evaluate by serial sectioning the pathological extent of myocardial infarction surrounding the right bundle branch and also that of right bundle branch necrosis. Myoca...

  16. Acute Felon as a Complication of Systemic Paclitaxel Therapy: Case Report and Review of the Literature

    OpenAIRE

    Hijjawi, John B.; Dennison, David G.

    2007-01-01

    Breast cancer now affects 1 in 8 American women and the taxane agent paclitaxel (Taxol® Bristol-Myers Squibb) is a major tool in the treatment of many such patients. Hand surgeons are therefore likely to encounter upper extremity complications related to the use of taxane therapy. We present an unusual case of a felon developing in a breast cancer patient on paclitaxel therapy with no antecedent history of trauma. Whereas onycholysis and subungual hemorrhage are reported complications of taxa...

  17. [Acute neurological complications after pediatric cardiac surgery: still a long way to go].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Avila-Alvarez, A; Gonzalez-Rivera, I; Ferrer-Barba, A; Portela-Torron, F; Gonzalez-Garcia, E; Fernandez-Trisac, J L; Ramil-Fraga, C

    2012-04-01

    There has been an increasing concern over the neurological complications associated with congenital heart disease and cardiac surgery. We performed a retrospective, case-control, observational review of the postoperative period in the intensive care unit of patients undergoing cardiac surgery over the past 10 years. We selected 2 control patients for each case, matched for surgical complexity. A total of 900 patients were reviewed. We found 38 neurological complications (4.2%), of which 21 (55.3%) were in the peripheral nervous system and 17 (44.7%) in the central nervous system. The complications involving the central nervous system (1.9% of total) consisted of 8 seizures, 4 cerebrovascular accidents, 4 hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy events, and 1 reversible neurological deficit. At the time of discharge, 35.3% were symptomatic and 17.6% had died. Patients with neurological complications had a longer bypass time (P=.009), longer aortic cross time (P=.012), longer hospitalization in intensive care (P=.001), longer duration of mechanical ventilation (P=.004) and an increased number of days under inotropic support (P=.001). Our incidence of neurological complications after cardiac surgery is similar to that previously described. Clinical seizures are the most common complication. Central nervous system complications are associated with a higher morbidity and hospitalization time. Units caring for patients with congenital heart disease must implement neurological monitoring during and after cardiac surgery to prevent and to detect these complications earlier. Copyright © 2011 Asociación Española de Pediatría. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  18. Acute hepatitis A infection in pregnancy is associated with high rates of gestational complications and preterm labor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elinav, Eran; Ben-Dov, Iddo Z; Shapira, Yami; Daudi, Nilli; Adler, Ruth; Shouval, Daniel; Ackerman, Zvi

    2006-04-01

    Hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection is the most common cause of acute hepatitis but is rarely reported during pregnancy. Our aim was to evaluate the impact of acute HAV infection on pregnancy outcome. Consecutive admissions of 79,458 pregnant females during a 25-year period were retrospectively reviewed. Thirteen cases of second and third trimester HAV infection were found and evaluated. Nine of the 13 patients (69%) developed gestational complications, including premature contractions (n = 4), placental separation (n = 2), premature rupture of membranes (n = 2), and vaginal bleeding (n = 1). In 8 of these patients, complications led to preterm labor, at a median of 34 gestational weeks (range, 31-37 weeks). Delivery was vaginal in 12 of the 13 cases; fetal distress was noted in a single case, and meconium in amniotic fluid in 2 cases. Median birth weight was 1778 grams and 3040 grams in preterm and term deliveries, respectively (P Child outcome was favorable in all cases. In 4 cases, neonatal serum HAV RNA levels were measured and found negative. The presence of fever and hypoalbuminemia were associated with delivery at an earlier gestational week. There was a positive relation between gestational week at diagnosis of HAV infection and birth week (r = 0.68, P = .02), suggesting a causality relationship. All mothers featured full recovery from HAV infection. Acute HAV infection during pregnancy is associated with high risk of maternal complications and preterm labor. HAV serology and maternal vaccination during prepregnancy evaluation should be considered in areas of the world in which susceptible adult populations exist.

  19. High-dose ambroxol reduces pulmonary complications in patients with acute cervical spinal cord injury after surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Qiang; Yao, Gaiqi; Zhu, Xi

    2012-04-01

    Ambroxol has a very high affinity for lung tissues; its concentration is approximately 20 times higher in the lung than in the serum. We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of high-dose ambroxol (990 mg/day) in the improvement of oxygenation and prevention of postoperative respiratory complications in the patients with acute cervical spinal cord injury (CSCI). A total of 61 acute CSCI patients admitted to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) of our hospital between January 2009 and June 2011 were included in the study. They were graded as ASIA A and ASIA B according to the classification of the American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) and were randomly divided into two groups: one group received intravenous ambroxol at 990 mg/day for 5 consecutive days after operation; the other group treated without ambroxol served as control. The results of arterial blood gas analysis on postoperative day 3 and 5 and occurrence of pulmonary complications within 5 days after operation were evaluated. The group treated with high-dose ambroxol showed a lower rate of postoperative pneumonia and hypoxemia within 5 days after operation. On the 3rd and 5th days, the oxygenation index in the high-dose ambroxol group (291.02 ± 34.96 and 301.28 ± 37.69) was significantly higher than in the control group (230.08 ± 26.25 and 253.82 ± 26.26), with significant differences between the two groups (P = 0.045 and 0.041). Administration of high-dose ambroxol should be considered as an alternative and effective approach to reduce the postoperative respiratory complications and improve the oxygenation status in acute CSCI patients.

  20. A comparison of amiodarone and digoxin in the treatment of atrial fibrillation complicating suspected acute myocardial infarction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cowan, J C; Gardiner, P; Reid, D S; Newell, D J; Campbell, R W

    1986-01-01

    Thirty-four patients with atrial fibrillation complicating suspected acute myocardial infarction were randomised to treatment with intravenous amiodarone (n = 18) or intravenous digoxin (n = 16). After 24 h, similar proportions of patients in each group had reverted to sinus rhythm. However, there was a tendency towards earlier reversion with amiodarone. At 4 h, 72% of the amiodarone group had reverted to sinus rhythm, compared with 31% of the digoxin group (p less than 0.1). This tendency was more marked in patients with definite infarction (at 4 h, amiodarone 75% reversion, digoxin 10% reversion). Neither drug had a significant effect on blood pressure. Atrial fibrillation may cause serious haemodynamic deterioration in acute myocardial infarction. In comparison with digoxin, amiodarone offers more rapid control of the ventricular response rate and may, in addition, restore sinus rhythm more rapidly.

  1. Absorbable Polydioxanone (PDS) suture provides fewer wound complications than polyester (ethibond) suture in acute Tendo-Achilles rupture repair

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Baig, M N

    2017-05-01

    We prospectively studied acute Achilles tendon rupture in patients over a two 2-year period and reviewed the causes, outcome and complications. There were 53 patients included with acute Achilles rupture with minimum follow up period of 6 months. We compared the outcomes including infection rate and Boyden score between the two groups repaired by Polydioxanone and Polyester respectively. All infected cases had a suture repair using the polyester suture. The difference in the infection rate was highly significant between the 2 groups (p=0.001). All 34 patients (100%) in the PDS group had good \\/ excellent results based on the Boyden clinical assessment. Conversely, only 16 patients 9(68.4%) had good or excellent results IN Polyester repair group. Patients treated with a non- absorbable suture (ethibond) material for repair had a higher incidence infection and worse Boyden scores than the absorbable PDS group.

  2. Severe Functional Debilitations After Complications Associated With Acute Achilles Tendon Rupture With 9 Years of Follow-Up

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barfod, Kristoffer Weisskirchner; Sveen, Thor Magnus; Ganestam, Ann

    2017-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to investigate the long-term effect of deep infection, sural nerve injury, and repeat rupture in the treatment of acute Achilles tendon rupture. A total of 324 patients had made a claim to the Danish Patient Insurance Association from 1992 to 2010...... for a complication after acute Achilles tendon rupture. Of the 324 patients, 119 (77 males and 42 females) returned the Achilles tendon total rupture score and the 36-item short-form survey questionnaires. Patients with deep infection (n = 10), sural nerve injury (n = 10), and repeat rupture (n = 16) participated...... in a follow-up investigation. The mean follow-up period was 8.9 years (range 3 to 21). The mean Achilles tendon total rupture score was 49 ± 27. The summary scores of the physical component and mental components scales of the 36-item Short Form Survey were 43 ± 11 and 52 ± 11, respectively. No significant...

  3. Impact of Acute Coronary Syndrome Complicated by Ventricular Fibrillation on Long-term Incidence of Sudden Cardiac Death.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Álvarez-Álvarez, Belén; Bouzas-Cruz, Noelia; Abu-Assi, Emad; Raposeiras-Roubin, Sergio; López-López, Andrea; González Cambeiro, María Cristina; Peña-Gil, Carlos; García-Acuña, José María; González-Juanatey, José Ramón

    2015-10-01

    There is little information on the effect of acute coronary syndrome complicated by ventricular fibrillation on the long-term incidence of sudden cardiac death. We analyzed this effect in a contemporary cohort of patients with acute coronary syndrome. We studied 5302 consecutive patients with acute coronary syndrome between December 2003 and December 2012. We compared mortality during and after hospitalization according to the presence or absence of ventricular fibrillation. Ventricular fibrillation was observed in 163 (3.1%) patients, and was early onset in 72.4% of these patients. In-hospital mortality was 36.2% in the group with ventricular fibrillation and 4.7% in the group without (p<.001). After a mean follow-up of 4.7 years (standard deviation, 2.6 years), mortality was 30.7% in the ventricular fibrillation group and 24.7% in the other group (P=.23). After adjusting for confounding variables, the presence of ventricular fibrillation was not associated with an increased risk of death in the follow-up period (hazard ratio=1.29; 95% confidence interval, 0.90-1.87). The cause of death was established in 72% of patients. The incidence of sudden death was 12.9% in the ventricular fibrillation group and 11.9% in the other group (P=.71). Cardiovascular-cause mortality was also similar between the 2 groups (35.5% and 34.4%, respectively. Patients with acute coronary syndrome complicated by ventricular fibrillation who survive the in-hospital phase do not appear to be at an increased risk of sudden cardiac death or other cardiovascular-cause death. Copyright © 2014 Sociedad Española de Cardiología. Published by Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  4. Treatment of patients with acute colonic diverticulitis complicated by abscess formation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gregersen, Rasmus; Mortensen, Laura Quitzau; Burcharth, Jakob

    2016-01-01

    . Two authors screened the records independently, initially on title and abstract and subsequently on full-text basis. Articles describing patients treated acutely for Hinchey Ib and II were included. Results were presented by treatment, classified as non-operative (percutaneous abscess drainage (PAD......), antibiotics, or unspecified non-operative strategy), PAD, antibiotics, or acute surgery. The outcomes of interest were treatment failure, short-term mortality, and recurrence. RESULTS: Of 1723 articles, 42 studies were included, describing 8766 patients with Hinchey Ib-II diverticulitis. Observational studies......PURPOSE: This study aimed to systematically review the literature and present the evidence on outcomes after treatment for acute diverticulitis with abscess formation. Secondly, the paper aimed to compare different treatment options. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library were searched...

  5. Technological aided assessment of the acutely ill patient - The case of postoperative complications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Haahr-Raunkjær, C.; Meyhoff, C. S.; Sørensen, H. B.D.

    2017-01-01

    complications.Several wireless systems are being developed for monitoring vital parameters, but many of these are not yet validated for critically ill patients. The ultimate goal with patient monitoring and detect of events is to prevent postoperative complications, death and costs in the health care system...... to the manually intermittent recorded monitoring in terms of detecting abnormal physiological signs. Hopefully improved observations may result in earlier detection and clinical intervention. This narrative review will describe current monitoring possibilities for postoperative patients and how it may prevent...

  6. Diagnosis and treatment of melamine-associated urinary calculus complicated with acute renal failure in infants and young children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Ning; Shen, Ying; Sun, Qiang; Li, Xu-ran; Jia, Li-qun; Zhang, Gui-ju; Zhang, Wei-ping; Chen, Zhi; Fan, Jian-feng; Jiang, Ye-ping; Feng, Dong-chuan; Zhang, Rui-feng; Zhu, Xiao-yu; Xiao, Hong-zhan

    2009-02-05

    Infants in some areas of China developed urinary lithiasis after being fed with powdered milk that was tainted with melamine in 2008 and very small proportion of the infants developed acute renal failure caused by urinary tract calculus obstruction. The aim of this article was to summarize clinical characteristics, diagnosis and treatment of infants with urinary calculus and acute renal failure developed after being fed with melamine tainted formula milk. Data of infant patients with urinary calculus and acute renal failure due to melamine tainted formula milk admitted to the Beijing Children's Hospital Affiliated to the Capital Medical University and the Xuzhou Children's Hospital in 2008 were used to analyze the epidemiological characteristics, clinical manifestations, imaging features as well as effects of 4 types of therapies. All the 34 infants with urinary calculus were complicated with acute renal failure, their blood urea nitrogen (BUN) was (24.1+/-8.2) mmol/L and creatinine (Cr) was (384.2+/-201.2) micromol/L. The chemical analysis on the urinary calculus sampled from 15 of the infants showed that the calculus contained melamine and acidum uricum. The time needed for the four types of therapies for returning Cr to normal was (3.5+/-1.9) days for cystoscopy group, (2.7+/-1.1) days for lithotomy group, (3.8+/-2.3) days for dialysis group, and (2.7+/-1.6) days for medical treatment group, which had no statistically significant difference (P=0.508). Renal failure of all the 34 infants was relieved within 1 to 7 days, averaging (3.00+/-1.78) days. Melamine tainted formula milk may cause urinary calculus and obstructive acute renal failure. It is suggested that firstly the patients with urinary calculus complicated with acute renal failure should be treated with dialysis or medication to correct electrolyte disturbance, in particular hyperkalemia, and then relieve the obstruction with available medical and surgical methods as soon as possible. It was observed

  7. Neutropenic enterocolitis as a presenting complication of acute lymphoblastic leukemia: an unusual case marked by delayed perforation of the descending colon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, David B; Rao, Aarati; Hulbert, Monica; Mychaliska, Kerry P; Luchtman-Jones, Lori; Hill, D Ashley; Foglia, Robert P

    2004-07-01

    Neutropenic enterocolitis (NE) is a life-threatening complication most commonly seen in patients receiving intensive chemotherapy for acute leukemia. The condition usually affects the terminal ileum, cecum, or ascending colon. In rare instances, NE may occur before the initiation of chemotherapy or involve more distal bowel. The authors report the case of a 2-year-old girl who had NE affecting the descending colon as a presenting complication of acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Despite aggressive medical interventions, including granulocyte infusions, she had a delayed bowel perforation that was managed successfully with surgery. This case highlights the challenges of treating patients who have NE as an initial manifestation of acute leukemia.

  8. Hyperglycemia during induction therapy is associated with increased infectious complications in childhood acute lymphocytic leukemia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Children with acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) are at high risk for developing hyperglycemia. Hyperglycemic adult ALL patients have shorter remissions, more infections, and increased mortality. No corresponding data are available in children. We hypothesized that children with ALL who become hypergl...

  9. Contemporary Review of Risk-Stratified Management in Acute Uncomplicated and Complicated Diverticulitis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boermeester, Marja A.; Humes, David J.; Velmahos, George C.; Søreide, Kjetil

    2016-01-01

    Acute colonic diverticulitis is a common clinical condition. Severity of the disease is based on clinical, laboratory, and radiological investigations and dictates the need for medical or surgical intervention. Recent clinical trials have improved the understanding of the natural history of the

  10. Early Percutaneous Cholecystostomy in Severe Acute Cholecystitis Reduces the Complication Rate and Duration of Hospital Stay

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chou, Chung-Kai; Lee, Kuei-Chuan; Chan, Che-Chang; Perng, Chin-Lin; Chen, Chun-Ku; Fang, Wen-Liang; Lin, Han-Chieh

    2015-01-01

    Abstract The optimal timing of percutaneous cholecystostomy for severe acute cholecystitis is unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the timing of percutaneous cholecystostomy and its relationship to clinical outcomes in patients with inoperable acute severe cholecystitis. From 2008 to 2010, 209 consecutive patients who were admitted to our hospital due to acute cholecystitis and were treated by percutaneous cholecystostomy were retrospectively reviewed. The time periods from symptom onset to when percutaneous cholecystostomy was performed and when patients were discharged were recorded. In the 209 patients, the median time period between symptom onset and percutaneous cholecystostomy was 23 hours (range, 3–95 hours). The early intervention group (≤24 hours, n = 109) had a significantly lower procedure-related bleeding rate (0.0% vs 5.0%, P = 0.018) and shorter hospital stay (15.8 ± 12.9 vs 21.0 ± 17.5 days) as compared with the late intervention group (>24 hours, n = 100). Delayed percutaneous cholecystostomy was a significant independent factor for a longer hospital stay (odds ratio 3.03, P = 0.001). In inoperable patients with acute severe cholecystitis, early percutaneous cholecystostomy reduced hospital stay and procedure-related bleeding without increasing the mortality rate. PMID:26166097

  11. A case report of zinc phosphide poisoning: complicated by acute renal failure and tubulo interstitial nephritis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yogendranathan, Nilukshana; Herath, H M M T B; Sivasundaram, Thenuka; Constantine, R; Kulatunga, Aruna

    2017-05-25

    Run Rat® is a rodenticide widely used against small mammals. It comprises of a minimum of 32% zinc phosphide which is highly toxic in acute exposures to humans. It may be consumed accidentally or intentionally. It enters the body via skin, respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts. Zinc phosphide is hydrolyzed by the gastric acid and is transformed into phosphine gas. Phosphine is a respiratory toxin that inhibits cytochrome C oxidase system resulting in renal failure and liver failure. A 35 year old Sri Lankan female presented following ingestion of 2.5 g of Run Rat®, which is a branded preparation of zinc phosphide, resulting in 61 mg/kg poison load. She developed severe acute kidney injury with acute tubular necrosis, subnephrotic ranged proteinuria and tubulointerstitial nephritis for which she underwent haemodialysis three times along with other measures of resuscitation. She also developed elevated liver enzymes with hyperblirubinaemia, hypoalbuminaemia, acute pancreatitis and mild myocarditis. She improved with supportive therapy over a period of 3 weeks. Run Rat® is a commonly used rodenticide and the toxic effects are mediated through conversion of phosphide to phosphine gas. The majority of the deaths had occurred in the first 12 to 24 h and the main causes identified are refractory hypotension and arrhythmias. The late deaths (beyond 24 h) had been commonly due to adult respiratory distress syndrome, liver and renal failure. The outcome is poorer with delayed presentation, development of coagulopathy, hyperglycaemia and multiorgan failure with elevated liver enzymes. In our patient, Zinc phosphide poisoning caused severe acute kidney injury, abnormal liver profile, pancreatitis and possible myocarditis. The patient improved with repeated haemodialysis. The renal biopsy revealed acute tubulointerstitial nephritis with acute tubular necrosis. In tropical countries, the rural population engaged in agriculture has easier access to the compound, as it

  12. Timing, setting and incidence of cardiovascular complications in patients with acute myocardial infarction submitted to primary percutaneous coronary intervention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giglioli, Cristina; Margheri, Massimo; Valente, Serafina; Comeglio, Marco; Lazzeri, Chiara; Chechi, Tania; Armentano, Corinna; Romano, Salvatore Mario; Falai, Massimiliano; Gensini, Gian Franco

    2006-01-01

    BACKGROUND At the Istituto di Clinica Medica Generale e Cardiologia (Florence, Italy), the widespread use of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has markedly changed the hospital course of patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). These patients are typically transferred to the coronary care unit (CCU) only after primary PCI, whereas during the thrombolytic era, patients were first admitted to CCU before reperfusion. OBJECTIVES AND METHODS The incidence, timing and setting of complications from symptom onset to hospital discharge in 689 consecutive AMI patients undergoing PCI were evaluated. RESULTS Ventricular fibrillation occurred in 11% of patients, and most episodes (94.7%) occurred before or during PCI. Of all patients, 6.3% developed complete atrioventricular block (CAVB), and in 86.3% of these cases, the CAVB occurred before or during PCI; in 94.5%, a CAVB resolution occurred in the catheterization laboratory (CL). Thirty-one patients (4.5%) had impending shock on admission to the CL. Cardiogenic shock developed in 29 patients (4.2%), mostly in the prehospital phase or in the CL. Only four patients (less than 1%) developed cardiogenic shock later during their hospital course. Similarly, circulatory and ventilatory support, as well as temporary pacing and cardiac defibrillation, were used mostly in the prehospital phase or in the CL. During the CCU stay, 45 patients (6.5%) had hemorrhagic or vascular complications, and the incidence of post-PCI ischemia and early reocclusion of the culprit vessel were low (2.1% and 0.6%, respectively). Thus, cardiac complications usually associated with AMI were observed mainly before hospital admission or in the CL during the reopening of the target vessel. These complications were rarely observed after a successful PCI. CONCLUSIONS For AMI patients, the CL is not only the site of PCI, it is also where most life-threatening cardiac complications are observed and treated. PMID:17036099

  13. Pleuropulmonary and Lymph Node Progression after Docetaxel - Benefits from Treatment with Cabazitaxel in Metastatic Prostate Cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angel Segura Huerta

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: To date, there are no guidelines for a rational and more favourable sequence of treatment after docetaxel. Two drugs (cabazitaxel and abiraterone have recently been approved as second-line treatment after docetaxel failure in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC, but there are no studies comparing abiraterone versus cabazitaxel. The most suitable drug is chosen based on the physician's opinion and the patient's characteristics. In patients with a good performance status who are able to receive either treatment, it would be convenient to begin with cabazitaxel and to reserve abiraterone in case there is a worsening of the general status, in consideration of abiraterone's more favourable toxicity profile. Case Report: We describe the case of a 74-year-old male with mCRPC who presented with an interesting and uncommon tumour dissemination (pleuropulmonary occurring after the first standard treatment with docetaxel. Intravenous treatment with cabazitaxel 25 mg/m2 and oral prednisone 10 mg continuously was initiated. The patient received a total of 8 cycles of chemotherapy. A reduction of mediastinal adenopathies and infrarenal para-aortic stable bone involvement and an absence of pleural effusion were observed. No relevant toxicity was noted. Since February 2012, a progressive PSA increase without clinical deterioration has been noted. Conclusions: The selection criteria for second- and third-line systemic treatment and the excellent response obtained with cabazitaxel in an unusual disease setting are described. The results confirm the long duration and quality of response of cabazitaxel treatment. Further therapeutic options in this group of patients are suggested.

  14. Pleuropulmonary and lymph node progression after docetaxel - benefits from treatment with cabazitaxel in metastatic prostate cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huerta, Angel Segura; Santos, Encarnación Reche; Campos, Gema Bruixola; Coloma, Carmen Salvador; Gómez, Oscar Niño

    2013-05-01

    To date, there are no guidelines for a rational and more favourable sequence of treatment after docetaxel. Two drugs (cabazitaxel and abiraterone) have recently been approved as second-line treatment after docetaxel failure in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC), but there are no studies comparing abiraterone versus cabazitaxel. The most suitable drug is chosen based on the physician's opinion and the patient's characteristics. In patients with a good performance status who are able to receive either treatment, it would be convenient to begin with cabazitaxel and to reserve abiraterone in case there is a worsening of the general status, in consideration of abiraterone's more favourable toxicity profile. We describe the case of a 74-year-old male with mCRPC who presented with an interesting and uncommon tumour dissemination (pleuropulmonary) occurring after the first standard treatment with docetaxel. Intravenous treatment with cabazitaxel 25 mg/m(2) and oral prednisone 10 mg continuously was initiated. The patient received a total of 8 cycles of chemotherapy. A reduction of mediastinal adenopathies and infrarenal para-aortic stable bone involvement and an absence of pleural effusion were observed. No relevant toxicity was noted. Since February 2012, a progressive PSA increase without clinical deterioration has been noted. The selection criteria for second- and third-line systemic treatment and the excellent response obtained with cabazitaxel in an unusual disease setting are described. The results confirm the long duration and quality of response of cabazitaxel treatment. Further therapeutic options in this group of patients are suggested.

  15. Complications after arthroscopic coracoclavicular reconstruction using a single adjustable-loop-length suspensory fixation device in acute acromioclavicular joint dislocation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shin, Sang-Jin; Kim, Nam-Ki

    2015-05-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate clinical and radiological outcomes after arthroscopically assisted coracoclavicular (CC) fixation using a single adjustable-loop-length suspensory fixation device for acute acromioclavicular dislocation and to report intraoperative and postoperative complications. Eighteen consecutive patients with acute acromioclavicular dislocation underwent arthroscopically assisted CC fixation using a single TightRope (Arthrex, Naples, FL). Using the Rockwood classification, 3 patients had grade III dislocations, one patient had a grade IV dislocation, and 14 patients had grade V dislocations. The preoperative CC distance of the injured shoulder was 16.1 ± 2.7 mm (range, 11.2 to 21.0 mm), and it increased by 99% ± 36% (range, 17% to 153%) on average compared with the contralateral shoulder. The average CC distance was 10.5 ± 2.5 mm (range, 7.7 to 15.5 mm), and it increased by 30% ± 30% (range, -9.4% to 90%) at the final follow-up. Compared with immediate postoperative radiographs, the CC distance was maintained in 12 patients, increased between 50% and 100% in 4 patients, and increased more than 100% in 2 patients at final follow-up. However, there was no statistical difference in Constant scores between 6 patients with reduction loss (95.6 ± 4.5) and 12 patients with reduction maintenance (98.4 ± 2.5; P = .17). Perioperative complications occurred in 8 patients, including one case of acromioclavicular arthritis, one case of delayed distal clavicular fracture at the clavicular hole of the device, 3 cases of clavicular or coracoid button failures, and 3 cases of clavicular bony erosion. Satisfactory clinical outcomes were obtained after CC fixation using the single adjustable-loop-length suspensory fixation device for acute acromioclavicular joint dislocation. However, CC fixation failure of greater than 50% of the unaffected side in radiological examinations occurred in 33% of the patients within 3 months after the operation

  16. Complicaciones de la apendicectomía por apendicitis aguda Complications of the appendicectomy due to acute appendicitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zenén Rodríguez Fernández

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCCIÓN. La apendicectomía por apendicitis aguda es la operación de urgencia más común en los servicios quirúrgicos, pero no está exenta de complicaciones condicionadas por factores poco conocidos, cuya determinación podría disminuir la morbilidad y mortalidad por esta causa. Fue objetivo de esta investigación identificar algunos factores relacionados con la aparición de complicaciones en los pacientes apendicectomizados por apendicitis aguda. MÉTODOS. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, observacional y prospectivo de 560 pacientes apendicectomizados, con diagnóstico histopatológico de apendicitis aguda, egresados del Servicio de Cirugía General del Hospital Provincial Docente «Saturnino Lora» de Santiago de Cuba durante el 2006. RESULTADOS. El 21,6 % de la serie sufrió algún tipo de complicación, principalmente la infección del sitio operatorio. Las complicaciones aumentaron en relación con la edad y se presentaron más frecuentemente en los pacientes con enfermedades asociadas, estado físico más precario, mayor tiempo de evolución preoperatoria, así como en las formas histopatológicas más avanzadas de la afección (en las que se incluyen los 4 pacientes fallecidos. La aparición de tales complicaciones puede ser causa de reintervenciones y de aumento de la estadía hospitalaria. CONCLUSIONES. El diagnóstico precoz de la enfermedad y la apendicectomía inmediata con una técnica quirúrgica adecuada previenen la aparición de complicaciones posquirúrgicas y determinan el éxito del único tratamiento eficaz contra la afección más común que causa el abdomen agudo, cuyo pronóstico depende en gran medida y entre otros factores, del tiempo de evolución preoperatoria y de la fase en que se encuentre el proceso morboso al realizar la intervención.INTRODUCTION. Appendicectomy due to acute appendicitis is the commonest urgency operation in surgical services but it is not exempt from complications conditions by

  17. Cardiogenic shock complicating acute myocardial infarction; prognostic impact of early and late shock development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindholm, M G; Køber, L; Boesgaard, S

    2003-01-01

    AIMS: Cardiogenic shock accounts for the majority of deaths following acute myocardial infarction. The majority of outcome data on this issue are, however, derived from single hospitals, referral centers or selected patients in randomized studies. The purpose of this study was to investigate...... incidence, outcome and prognostic significance of cardiogenic shock in 6676 consecutive patients with acute myocardial infarction. METHODS AND RESULTS: Demographic and clinical data including the presence of cardiogenic shock were prospectively collected in 6676 non-invasively managed patients...... with myocardial infarction consecutively admitted to 27 different hospitals during a 2-year period. Six-year mortality data were collected in 99.9% of the population. Cardiogenic shock developed in 444 patients (6.7%). In 59% of these patients cardiogenic shock developed within 48 h, 11% developed shock during...

  18. Chylothorax as a rare complication of acute pancreatitis in a 25-year-old woman after cesarean section

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Smędra

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents the case of a 25-year-old woman who underwent cesarean section for gynecological indications in the 37th week of her second pregnancy. The perioperative course was uncomplicated, but one day later the general condition of the patient suddenly deteriorated: she developed respiratory disorders requiring intubation and treatment in an intensive care unit. On the 6th day after the surgery, the patient was diagnosed with acute pancreatitis. Appropriate conservative treatment was instituted, resulting in a gradual improvement of her condition. On the 13th postoperative day, a cardiac arrest in asystole occurred, with no response to the undertaken resuscitation procedures. An autopsy performed in the Department of Forensic Medicine in Łódź revealed, among other findings, acute pancreatitis with enzymatic necrosis of the adipose tissue, a significant accumulation of lymph in both pleural cavities, and pulmonary atelectasis. As demonstrated by the analysis of the case, chylothorax had most probably developed in the course of acute pancreatitis which was a complication of the cesarean section. Consequently, the prosecutor opened an investigation into the case under Article 155 of the Polish Penal Code to assess the appropriateness of medical management. The medico-legal opinion was issued by experts from outside the Department of Forensic Medicine in Łódź. In their view, the medical management of the patient was correct.

  19. [Recommendations for the management of emergencies in patients with diabetes, acute metabolic complications of diabetes, and steroid-related hyperglycemia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Álvarez-Rodríguez, Esther; Agud Fernández, María; Villa Álvarez, María Cristina; Caurel Sastre, Zaida; Gallego Mínguez, Isabel; Carballo Cardona, César; Juan Arribas, Artur; Piñero Panadero, Raquel; Rubio Casas, Olga; Sáenz Abad, Daniel; Cuervo Pinto, Rafael

    2016-01-01

    Persons with diabetes make up a large percentage of patients attended in the emergency department. Most will be discharged, but patients who remain under observation in wards managed by the emergency department or who wait are waiting to be admitted to a conventional ward must receive appropriate, protocol-guided treatment for their diabetes. Situations of hyper- or hypoglycemia must be avoided because both worsen prognosis. Emergency physicians must correctly and efficiently prevent, diagnose, and manage acute metabolic complications of diabetes such as simple hyperglycemia, diabetic ketoacidosis, and hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state. They must also be ready to prescribe and properly administer intravenous insulin to critically ill patients. Hyperglycemia induced by treatment with steroids deserves special mention. If this complication develops, the hyperglycemia is intense, influenced by increased insulin resistance and gluconeogenesis in the liver. Thus, it usually appears after meals and is dependent on steroid dose, duration of treatment, and individual predisposition. The recommendations in this paper elaborated by consensus of the Spanish Society of Emergency Medicine (SEMES) experts, are the first to be written specifically for use in emergency departments in Spain. They give a detailed, in-depth overview of emergencies related to diabetes and diabetic complications.

  20. Acute Abdominal Compartment Syndrome as a Complication of Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy: Two Cases Reports and Literature Review

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    Jing Tao

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL is a technique commonly used to remove large or multiple kidney stones and stones in the inferior calyx, with the advantages of lower morbidity rates, decrease in post-operative pain with faster recovery. Intra-abdominal irrigation fluid extravasation which leads to abdominal hypertension is a rare complication of PCNL with little reports. Early detection of intra-abdominal extravagation is very important to prevent morbidity and mortality. We present two cases and review the literature.

  1. Microbiology and choice of antimicrobial therapy for acute sinusitis complicated by subperiosteal abscess in children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brook, Itzhak

    2016-05-01

    Review past studies of the microbiology of subperiosteal abscesses (SPOA) complicating sinusitis in children and their implications of the antimicrobials administered to treat the infection. Literature search was conducted of the Cochrane Library, EMBASE, TRIP, EMBASE, and MEDLINE databases from their inception. The most common pathogens isolated from studies of SPOA complicating sinusitis are aerobic (Streptococcus pneumoniae, Streptococcus spp., Haemophilus spp., Eikenella corrodens), anaerobic (Peptostreptococcus, Fusobacterium, Prevotella, Porphyromonas, Bacteroides, and Veillonella spp.), and micoaerophilic streptococci (Streptococcus anginosus/Streptococcus milleri group), all members of the oropharyngeal flora. S. pneumoniae and S. aureus were more frequently recovered in children >7 years old, while polymicrobial aerobic-anaerobic flora were more often isolated from those >15 years. The introduction of pneumococcal vaccine reduced the rate of isolation of S. pneumoniae, and correlated with increase of recovery of S. aureus including methicillin resistant strains, as well as Streptococcus pyogenes and S. anginosus/milleri group. The microbiology and consequently the treatment of respiratory infections including sinusitis and its complications has evolved over the past decades. Establishing the microbiology of SPOA by obtaining appropriate cultures for both aerobic and anaerobic bacteria are essential for proper antimicrobial selection. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  2. Enteral Nutrition Is a Risk Factor for Airway Complications in Subjects Undergoing Noninvasive Ventilation for Acute Respiratory Failure.

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    Kogo, Mariko; Nagata, Kazuma; Morimoto, Takeshi; Ito, Jiro; Sato, Yuki; Teraoka, Shunsuke; Fujimoto, Daichi; Nakagawa, Atsushi; Otsuka, Kojiro; Tomii, Keisuke

    2017-04-01

    Early enteral nutrition is recommended for mechanically ventilated patients in several studies and guidelines. In contrast, the effects of early enteral nutrition on noninvasive ventilation (NIV) have not been investigated extensively. The lack of an established method of airway protection suggests that enteral nutrition administration to these patients could increase airway complications and worsen outcomes. Between January 2007 and January 2015, 150 patients were admitted to our respiratory department for acute respiratory failure and received NIV for >48 h. Of these, 107 subjects incapable of oral intake were retrospectively analyzed. Clinical background and complications were compared in subjects who did and did not receive enteral nutrition. Sixty of the 107 subjects (56%) incapable of oral intake who received NIV also received enteral nutrition. Serum albumin concentration was significantly lower in subjects who received enteral nutrition than in those who did not (mean 2.7 ± 0.68 mg/dL vs 3.0 ± 0.75 mg/dL, P = .048). The rate of airway complications was significantly higher (53% [32/60] vs 32% [15/47], P = .03), and median NIV duration was significantly longer (16 [interquartile range 7-43] d vs 8 [5-20] d, P = .02) in subjects who received enteral nutrition than in those who did not. Multivariate analysis showed that enteral nutrition was unrelated to in-hospital mortality. Among subjects receiving NIV, enteral nutrition was associated with increased risk of airway complications but did not affect mortality. Enteral nutrition should be carefully considered in these patients. Copyright © 2017 by Daedalus Enterprises.

  3. Leucomycin-induced acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis complicated with pitting edema of the legs

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    Chu-Ju Hung

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis (AGEP is characterized by fever, sterile nonfollicular pustules, and neutrophilia. More than 90% of cases of AGEP are induced by antibiotics such as aminopenicillins and macrolides. However, little is known about the side effects associated with leucomycin. To the best of our knowledge, the following case is the first one reporting leucomycin-induced AGEP. The case presented here is of a 43-year-old man who suffered from generalized pustulosis and severe leg edema 2 days after taking leucomycin for an upper respiratory tract infection. With discontinuation of leucomycin and a short course of systemic steroid treatment, these symptoms were gradually relieved.

  4. Intracranial Hypertension as an Acute Complication of Aseptic Meningoencephalitis with Leptomeningeal Contrast Enhancement on FLAIR MRI

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    Marc E. Wolf

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available We report a case of a 19-year-old woman who developed intracranial hypertension as an unusual clinical complication of severe aseptic meningoencephalitis probably due to a diminished cerebrospinal fluid reabsorption capacity or leptomeningeal transudation as a consequence of blood-brain barrier dysfunction. These severe inflammatory changes were accompanied by prominent leptomeningeal contrast enhancement best visualized on fluid-attenuated inversion recovery magnetic resonance imaging. In such a prolonged course, a continuous lumbar drainage might be a temporary option to provide rapid symptom relief to the patient.

  5. Amyand's hernia complicated with acute appendicitis: A case report and literature review

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    Mehmet Hanifi Okur

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Amyand's hernia is the presence of the appendix within an inguinal hernia sac. It is a rare condition, occurring in 1% of inguinal hernia patients. The clinical presentation varies depending on the extent of appendix inflammation. Amyand's hernia is difficult to diagnose clinically. However, imaging studies are valuable for both its diagnosis and detection of the associated complications. Here, we report a case of Amyand's hernia in a 3-year-old male child who presented with a history of right inguinal tenderness, pain, and swelling. An operation revealed a hernia sac containing the inflamed appendix; hence, an appendectomy was performed along with a right inguinal herniotomy.

  6. [Orbital complication of acute sinusitis : Orbital cellulitis in a 10-year-old child].

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    Bajor, A; Lang, C P; Bültmann, E; Framme, C; Hufendiek, K

    2017-04-01

    Bacterial orbital cellulitis is a life-threatening infection of the postseptal orbital tissue. It can occur in the context of sinusitis, particularly in children and adolescents. Ocular complications include exposure keratopathy, increased intraocular pressure, occlusion of the central retinal artery or vein and optic neuropathy. Rarely, a subperiosteal abscess can occur, and osteomyelitis can lead to spread of the infection to the cerebrum. A rapid diagnosis and targeted therapy are essential for saving the eye as well as the life of the patient.

  7. Mesenchymal stem cells transplantation in hematological patients with acute graft-versus-host disease: characteristics and risk factors for infectious complications.

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    Stoma, Igor; Karpov, Igor; Krivenko, Svetlana; Iskrov, Igor; Milanovich, Natalia; Koritko, Alla; Uss, Anatoly

    2018-01-29

    The role of MSCs in infection prevention and treatment is still discussed in transplant and hematological patients. The spectrum and risk factors for infections after MSCs transplantation in patients with acute GVHD have not been studied before. To determine the risk factors and spectrum of infectious complications in patients received mesenchymal stem cell transplantation as a treatment for acute GVHD. A prospective observational study was performed to evaluate the risk factors and characteristics of infectious complications after MSCs transplantation in adult patients having acute GVHD. Thirty-four episodes of MSCs transplantation in patients with acute GVHD after allogeneic HSCT were enrolled in the study. MSCs were given at a median dose of 1.32 (interquartile range 0.87-2.16) mln cells/kg per infusion at 91 days (interquartile range 31-131 days) after HSCT. Data relating to age, gender, date, and type of transplantation, characteristics of MSCs, infectious agents, and antimicrobial therapy and prevention regimens were prospectively collected in all of the enrolled patients. The episode of proven infectious complication was set as a primary outcome. There were totally 68 patients with acute GVHD in the study; among them there were 34 cases of MSCs transplantation performed. Among the registered infectious episodes were viral infections (CMV-associated disease, EBV-associated disease), invasive pulmonary aspergillosis, bacterial bloodstream infections, and pneumonia. MSCs transplantation has shown no statistically significant association with risk of infectious complications in patients with acute GVHD in a performed multivariate analysis. Among the most frequent infections in acute GVHD, we have described CMV, invasive aspergillosis, and bacterial infections (bloodstream infections or pneumonia). Among risk factors for infectious complications in patients with acute GVHD with/without MSCs transplantation are progression of main disease and neutropenia below

  8. Parietal subdural empyema as complication of acute odontogenic sinusitis: a case report

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    Introduction To date intracranial complication caused by tooth extractions are extremely rare. In particular parietal subdural empyema of odontogenic origin has not been described. A literature review is presented here to emphasize the extreme rarity of this clinical entity. Case presentation An 18-year-old Caucasian man with a history of dental extraction developed dysarthria, lethargy, purulent rhinorrhea, and fever. A computed tomography scan demonstrated extensive sinusitis involving maxillary sinus, anterior ethmoid and frontal sinus on the left side and a subdural fluid collection in the temporal-parietal site on the same side. He underwent vancomycin, metronidazole and meropenem therapy, and subsequently left maxillary antrostomy, and frontal and maxillary sinuses toilette by an open approach. The last clinical control done after 3 months showed a regression of all symptoms. Conclusions The occurrence of subdural empyema is an uncommon but possible sequela of a complicated tooth extraction. A multidisciplinary approach involving otolaryngologist, neurosurgeons, clinical microbiologist, and neuroradiologist is essential. Antibiotic therapy with surgical approach is the gold standard treatment. PMID:25146384

  9. CYTOMORPHOLOGICAL EVALUATION AND PROGNOSIS OF BRONCHOPULMONARY COMPLICATIONS IN ACUTE AND EARLY PERIODS OF SPINAL CORD TRAUMA

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    I.A. Norkin

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available There were investigated 50 cytological preparations after fibro-optic bronchoscopy of 10 patients with cervical spinal cord injuries. The dynamics of broncho-pulmonary complications of spinal cord injuries was estimated on the basis of cytological broncho-alveolar lavage fluid investigations. In the work there were used clinico-neurologic methods, radiological (computer tomography and magnetic resonance imaging, endoscopic (fibro-optic bronchoscopy and cytomorphological investigations. Cytomorphological investigations of broncho-alveolar lavage fluid were carried out on the 3-4, 7, 14, 30th days. Cellular composition of the broncho-alveolar wash-out (endopulmonary cytogramme was estimated by calculation of more than 100 cells in 3 fields of the immersion microscope coverage. Quantitative changes of cellular elements were taken into account with respect to normal cell amount. The results were analyzed according to the average out method. Quantitative changes of inflammatory elements in endopulmonary cytogramme were determined by the degree of endobronchitic manifestations and were corresponding to clinico-radiological picture of development of broncho-pulmonary complications in different periods of spinal cord injury

  10. Therapy-related myeloid neoplasms as a concerning complication in acute promyelocytic leukemia

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    María del Carmen Vicente-Ayuso

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL has become a highly curable malignant disease after the introduction of all transretinoic acid (ATRA to chemotherapy treatment. However, the risk to develop therapy-related myeloid neoplasms (t-MN has become a matter of concern, as APL patients are otherwise expected to have a good prognosis. We report a patient with APL who achieved complete remission after chemotherapy induction with anthracycline and ATRA, followed by consolidation and maintenance chemotherapy. Two years later, the patient developed t-AML, with MLL rearrangements, without any evidence of relapse of the APL original clone. The increasing incidence of t-MN in oncohematological patients is partly due to the development of safer, more efficient or targeted therapies, which allow better outcomes and lengthened survival amongst treated patients. The identification of genetic factors, mechanisms or prognostic biomarkers in t-MN might open new windows for the development of personalized targeted therapy regimes in this underserved patient population.

  11. Acute ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction, a Unique Complication of Recreational Nitrous Oxide Use.

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    Indraratna, Praveen; Alexopoulos, Chris; Celermajer, David; Alford, Kevin

    2017-08-01

    A 28-year-old male was admitted to hospital with an acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction. This was in the context of recreational abuse of nitrous oxide. The prevalence of nitrous oxide use in Australia has not been formally quantified, however it is the second most commonly used recreational drug in the United Kingdom. Nitrous oxide has previously been shown to increase serum homocysteine levels. This patient was discovered to have an elevated homocysteine level at baseline, which was further increased after nitrous oxide consumption. Homocysteine has been linked to endothelial dysfunction and coronary atherosclerosis and this case report highlights one of the dangers of recreational abuse of nitrous oxide. Copyright © 2017 Australian and New Zealand Society of Cardiac and Thoracic Surgeons (ANZSCTS) and the Cardiac Society of Australia and New Zealand (CSANZ). Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  12. Acute exacerbation of Hashimoto thyroiditis mimicking anaplastic carcinoma of the thyroid: A complicated case.

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    Kanaya, Hiroaki; Konno, Wataru; Fukami, Satoru; Hirabayashi, Hideki; Haruna, Shin-ichi

    2014-12-01

    The fibrous variant of Hashimoto thyroiditis is uncommon, accounting for approximately 10% of all cases of Hashimoto thyroiditis. We report a case of this variant that behaved like a malignant neoplasm. The patient was a 69-year-old man who presented with a right-sided anterior neck mass that had been rapidly growing for 2 weeks. Fine-needle aspiration cytology revealed clusters of large multinucleated cells suggestive of an anaplastic carcinoma. A week after presentation, we ruled out that possibility when the mass had shrunk slightly. Instead, we diagnosed the patient with an acute exacerbation of Hashimoto thyroiditis on the basis of laboratory findings. We performed a right thyroid lobectomy, including removal of the isthmus, to clarify the pathology and alleviate pressure symptoms. The final diagnosis was the fibrous variant of Hashimoto thyroiditis, with no evidence of malignant changes. Physicians should keep in mind that on rare occasions, Hashimoto thyroiditis mimics a malignant neoplasm.

  13. Sickle Cell Trait Complicated by Acute Rhabdomyolysis in Military Personnel: A Case Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harrison, Joshua M; Wuerdeman, Marc F

    2015-08-01

    Sickle cell trait, a trait known to be protective against falciparum malaria, is prevalent in the African American community. Unlike true sickle cell disease, sickle cell trait is currently not a disqualifying condition for military service. In the case below, we describe an occurrence, from Logar Provence, Afghanistan (2,072 m above mean sea level), of exertional acute rhabdomyolysis in an American service member known to be a sickle cell trait carrier. The case serves to educate Military Medical providers and Commanders alike, to the increased risk certain training and work environments have on sickle cell trait Service members; it raises the question of what duty limitations, if any, sickle cell carriers should have. Reprint & Copyright © 2015 Association of Military Surgeons of the U.S.

  14. New insights into symptomatic or silent atrial fibrillation complicating acute myocardial infarction.

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    Stamboul, Karim; Fauchier, Laurent; Gudjoncik, Aurelie; Buffet, Philippe; Garnier, Fabien; Lorgis, Luc; Beer, Jean Claude; Touzery, Claude; Cottin, Yves

    2015-11-01

    Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most frequent heart rhythm disorder in the general population and contributes not only to a major deterioration in quality of life but also to an increase in cardiovascular morbimortality. The onset of AF in the acute phase of myocardial infarction (MI) is a major event that can jeopardize the prognosis of patients in the short-, medium- and long-term, and is a powerful predictor of a poor prognosis after MI. The suspected mechanism underlying the excess mortality is the drop in coronary flow linked to the acceleration and arrhythmic nature of the left ventricular contractions, which reduce the left ventricular ejection fraction. The principal causes of AF-associated death after MI are linked to heart failure. Moreover, the excess risk of death in these heart failure patients has also been associated with the onset of sudden death. Whatever its form, AF has a major negative effect on patient prognosis. In recent studies, symptomatic AF was associated with inhospital mortality of 17.8%, to which can be added mortality at 1year of 18.8%. Surprisingly, silent AF also has a negative effect on the prognosis, as it is associated with an inhospital mortality rate of 10.4%, which remains high at 5.7% at 1year. Moreover, both forms of AF are independent predictors of mortality beyond traditional risk factors. The frequency and seriousness of silent AF in the short- and long-term, which were until recently rarely studied, raises the question of systematically screening for it in the acute phase of MI. Consequently, the use of continuous ECG monitoring could be a simple, effective and inexpensive solution to improve screening for AF, even though studies are still necessary to validate this strategy. Finally, complementary studies also effect of oxidative stress and endothelial dysfunction, which seem to play a major role in triggering this rhythm disorder. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  15. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation system as a bridge to reparative surgery in ventricular septal defect complicating acute inferoposterior myocardial infarction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pascual, Isaac; Avanzas, Pablo; Hernandez-Vaquero, Daniel; Alvarez, Ruben; Díaz, Rocio; Díaz, Beatriz; Martín, María; Carro, Amelia; Muñiz, Guillermo; Silva, Jacobo; Moris, Cesar

    2017-01-01

    Post-infarction ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a rare but potentially lethal complication of acute myocardial infarction. Medical management is usually futile, so definitive surgery remains the treatment of choice but the risk surgery is very high and the optimal timing for surgery is still under debate. A 55-year-old man with no previous medical history attended the emergency-room for 12 h evolution of oppressive chest pain and strong anginal pain 7 days ago. On physical examination, blood pressure was 96/70 mmHg, pansystolic murmur over left sternal border without pulmonary crackles. An electrocardiogram revealed sinus rhythm 110 bpm, elevation ST and Q in inferior-posterior leads. Transthoracic echocardiogram showed inferoposterior akinesia, posterior-basal septal rupture (2 cm × 2 cm) with left-right shunt. Suspecting VSD in inferior-posterior acute myocardial infarction evolved, we performed emergency coronarography with 3-vessels disease and complete subacute occlusion of the mid segment of the right coronary artery. Left ventriculography demonstrated shunting of contrast from the left ventricule to the right ventricule. He was rejected for heart transplantation because of his age. Considering the high surgical risk to early surgery and his hemodynamic and clinical stability, delayed surgical treatment is decided, and 4 days after admission the patient suffered hemodynamic instability so venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation system (ECMO) is implanted as a bridge to reparative surgery. The 9th day after admission double bypass, interventricular defect repair with pericardial two-patch exclusion technique, and ECMO decannulation were performed. The patient’s postoperative course was free of complications and was discharged 10 days post VSD repair surgery. Follow-up 3-month later revealed the patient to be in good functional status and good image outcome with intact interventricular septal patch without shunt. ECMO as a bridge to reparative

  16. A complicated case of antepartum eclamptic fit with HELLP syndrome, acute renal failure and multiple intracranial hemorrhages: A mortality report

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    Ahmed Samy El-agwany

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available HELLP is an acronym for hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes and low platelets count, affecting 0.2–12% of all pregnancies or 4–12% of those with preeclampsia. The maternal mortality reported from the literature is up 4% due to disseminated intravascular coagulation, placental abruption, acute renal failure, eclampsia, and cerebral hemorrhage. A 20 year old, G2P1, at 36 weeks of gestation, was referred to our hospital because of postictal coma state with bilateral mydriasis and epistaxis due to repeated antepartum eclamptic fits. Elevated blood pressure level 170/110 mmHg was accompanied with massive proteinuria. Cesarean section was performed and female newborn were delivered. Laboratory findings were characteristic of preeclampsia, HELLP syndrome and renal failure. The patient developed an intraventricular hematoma and an intracerebral hemorrhage with subarachnoid one, which were not suitable to neurosurgical treatment. The patient died from refractory hemolytic anemia, spontaneous bleeding of multiple organs, renal failure and intracranial hemorrhage. Preeclampsia, HELLP syndrome, and acute fatty liver of pregnancy might overlap and be associated with potentially fatal complications, including intracranial hemorrhage, as in the present case. Early detection and diagnosis are crucial to ensure appropriate management and treatment success.

  17. Efficacy of incision and drainage versus percutaneous catheter drainage in treatment of severe acute pancreatitis complicated by pancreatic abscess

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    YANG Feng

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available ObjectiveTo investigate the clinical features and treatment of severe acute pancreatitis (SAP complicated by pancreatic abscess (PA. MethodsThe clinical data of 17 SAP patients with PA who were admitted to Affiliated Hospital of Luzhou Medical College from January 1, 2005 to August 25, 2015 were analyzed retrospectively. The clinical manifestations, therapeutic methods, and outcome were summarized. ResultsOf all the 17 patients, 12 patients underwent surgical operation, among whom 9 were cured, 1 experienced postoperative intestinal fistula, and 2 experienced recurrence of abscess and underwent the surgery again (1 died of multiple organ failure, and the mean hospital stay was (108.29±52.37 d; 5 patients underwent percutaneous catheter drainage, among whom 4 were cured, and 1 underwent surgical treatment due to inadequate drainage, and the mean hospital stay was (53.03±6.71 d. ConclusionAdequate drainage should be performed once a confirmed diagnosis of PA is made, and appropriate drainage methods should be selected based on the patient′s actual condition. Minimally invasive treatment has a good effect, a short length of hospital stay, and few complications, and holds promise for clinical application.

  18. Long-term outcomes after immediate aortic repair for acute type A aortic dissection complicated by coma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsukube, Takuro; Haraguchi, Tomonori; Okada, Yasushi; Matsukawa, Ritsu; Kozawa, Shuichi; Ogawa, Kyoichi; Okita, Yutaka

    2014-09-01

    The management of acute type A aortic dissection complicated by coma remains controversial. We previously reported an excellent rate of recovery of consciousness provided aortic repair was performed within 5 hours of the onset of symptoms. This study evaluates the early and long-term outcomes using this approach. Between August 2003 and July 2013, of the 241 patients with acute type A aortic dissection brought to the Japanese Red Cross Kobe Hospital and Hyogo Emergency Medical Center, 30 (12.4%) presented with coma; Glasgow Coma Scale was less than 11 on arrival. Surgery was performed in 186 patients, including 27 (14.5%) who were comatose. Twenty-four comatose patients underwent successful aortic repair immediately (immediate group). Their mean age was 71.0 ± 11.1 years, Glasgow Coma Scale was 6.5 ± 2.4, and prevalence of carotid dissection was 79%. For brain protection, deep hypothermia with antegrade cerebral perfusion was used, and postoperative induced hypothermia was performed. Neurologic evaluations were performed using the Glasgow Coma Scale, National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale, and modified Rankin Scale. In the immediate group, the time from the onset of symptoms to arrival in the operating theater was 222 ± 86 minutes. Hospital mortality was 12.5%. Full recovery of consciousness was achieved in 79% of patients in up to 30 days. Postoperative Glasgow Coma Scale and National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale improved significantly when compared with the preoperative score (P patients. The mean follow-up period was 56.5 months, and the cumulative survival was 48.2% after 10 years. Cox proportional hazards regression analysis indicated that immediate repair (hazard ratio, 4.3; P = .007) was the only significant predictor of postoperative survival over a 5-year period. The early and long-term outcomes as a result of immediate aortic repair for acute type A aortic dissection complicated by coma were satisfactory. Copyright © 2014 The American

  19. JAK2 mutation and acute coronary syndrome complicated with stent thrombosis.

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    Inami, Toru; Okabe, Masahiro; Matsushita, Masato; Kobayashi, Nobuaki; Inokuchi, Koiti; Hata, Noritake; Seino, Yoshihiko; Shimizu, Wataru

    2016-10-01

    Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) could be a precious opportunity for patients to reveal concealed diseases other than conventional risk factors for ACS, such as hypertension, dyslipidemia, diabetes mellitus, etc. In the setting of ACS, the intracoronary and systemic prothrombotic environment has led to an increase in the risk of stent thrombosis of which mortality was higher among patients with ACS, especially with the highest mortality in patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction. The some specific conditions which were concealed beyond the cardiovascular pathophysiology except well-known risk factors for ACS and stent thrombosis might involve the onset of ACS. We describe a case of a 64-year-old man who was admitted to intensive care unit for chest pain. This case found the possibility that polycythemia vera with Janus kinase 2 (JAK2) V617F mutation might be a underlying disease of ACS with stent thrombosis, and highlighted the importance of recognizing polycythemia vera with JAK2 V617F mutation as concealed disease for cardiologists. We would like to report and review the relationship between ACS and polycythemia vera with JAK2 V617F mutation.

  20. Acute Thyrotoxic Bulbar Myopathy with Encephalopathic Behaviour: An Uncommon Complication of Hyperthyroidism

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    Neeraja J. Boddu

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. Acute thyrotoxic bulbar palsy is rare, severe, and rapidly progressive. We describe a case of thyrotoxicosis with bulbar palsy, encephalopathy, and pyramidal tract dysfunction. Case Report. 64-year-old white male with toxic multinodular goiter presented with rapid atrial fibrillation. He had mild tremor, normal cranial nerve examination, 4/5 strength in all extremities, normal reflexes, and down going plantars. TSH was low at 0.09 (normal: 0.34–5.6 uIU/mL, and free T4 was high at 5.22 (normal: 0.47–1.41 ng/dL. Despite optimal AV nodal blockade, he had persistent rapid atrial fibrillation. He later developed cervical dystonia, rigidity, clonus, dysarthria, dysphagia, vocal cord palsy, and absent gag reflex. Thyroid storm was suspected. Neuroimaging and cerebrospinal fluid cultures were nondiagnostic. Acetylcholine receptor antibodies were negative. Swallow ability was impaired with heavy secretions. Remarkable improvement in symptoms was noted after initiation of treatment for thyroid storm. Conclusion. Pyramidal tract symptoms and bulbar palsy may occur with thyrotoxicosis. Cranial nerve involvement and encephalopathy raise a question of primary brain mechanism causing bulbar palsy. This is reversible with prompt treatment of thyroid storm.

  1. Vasospastic angina pectoris complicated by acute myocardial infarction and complete atrioventricular block

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    Pavlović Milan

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. A prolonged coronary artery spasm with interruption of coronary blood flow can lead to myocardial necrosis and increase of cardiospecific enzymes and can be complicated with cardiac rhythm disturbances, syncopc, or even sudden cardiac death. Case report. A 55-year old male felt a severe retrosternal pain when exposing himself to cold weather. The pain lasted for 20 minutes and was followed by the loss of conscience. Electrocardiogram (ECG showed a complete antrioventricular (AV block with nodal rhythm and marked elevation of ST segment in inferior leads. Electrocardiogram was soon normalized, but serum activities of cardiospecific enzymes were increased. Coronarography showed normal findings for the left coronary artery and a narrowing at the middle part of the right coronary artery, which disappeared after intracoronary application of nitroglycerine. The following therapy was prescribed: Diltiazem, Amlodipin, Isosorbid mononitrate, Molisdomin, Atrovastatin, Aspirin and Nitroglycerine spray. After 7 months medicaments were abandoned and the patient experienced again reccurent chest pain episodes at rest. Transitory ST segment elevation was recorded in inferior leads of ECG, but without increase of cardiospecific enzymes serum activities. After restoration of the medicament therapy anginal episodes ceased. Conclusion. Coronary dilators in maximal doses can prevent attacks of vasospastic angina.

  2. Acute Headache at Emergency Department: Reversible Cerebral Vasoconstriction Syndrome Complicated by Subarachnoid Haemorrhage and Cerebral Infarction

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    M. Yger

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome is becoming widely accepted as a rare cause of both ischemic and haemorrhagic stroke and should be evocated in case of thunderclap headaches associated with stroke. We present the case of a patient with ischemic stroke associated with cortical subarachnoid haemorrhage (cSAH and reversible diffuse arteries narrowing, leading to the diagnosis of reversible vasoconstriction syndrome. Case Report. A 48-year-old woman came to the emergency department because of an unusual thunderclap headache. The computed tomography of the brain completed by CT-angiography was unremarkable. Eleven days later, she was readmitted because of a left hemianopsia. One day after her admission, she developed a sudden left hemiparesis. The brain MRI showed ischemic lesions in the right frontal and occipital lobe and diffuse cSAH. The angiography showed vasoconstriction of the right anterior cerebral artery and stenosis of both middle cerebral arteries. Nimodipine treatment was initiated and vasoconstriction completely regressed on day 16 after the first headache. Conclusion. Our case shows a severe reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome where both haemorrhagic and ischemic complications were present at the same time. The history we reported shows that reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome is still underrecognized, in particular in general emergency departments.

  3. Chronic kidney disease and bleeding complications after intravenous thrombolytic therapy for acute ischemic stroke.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ovbiagele, Bruce; Smith, Eric E; Schwamm, Lee H; Grau-Sepulveda, Maria V; Saver, Jeffrey L; Bhatt, Deepak L; Hernandez, Adrian F; Peterson, Eric D; Fonarow, Gregg C

    2014-11-01

    The safety of intravenous thrombolysis in ischemic stroke (IS) patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is uncertain. We assessed whether CKD is associated with bleeding complications after intravenous tissue-type plasminogen activator administration to patients with IS. Data were analyzed from 44 410 patients with IS treated with intravenous tissue-type plasminogen activator in the Get With The Guidelines-Stroke Program. Glomerular filtration rate based on admission serum creatinine was categorized as dichotomous (presence of CKD as intravenous tissue-type plasminogen activator-treated IS patients with CKD. Presence of CKD (versus no CKD) was not associated with risk-adjusted symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (adjusted odds ratio, 1.0; 95% confidence interval: 0.91-1.10) or serious systemic hemorrhage (adjusted odds ratio, 0.97; 95% confidence interval: 0.80-1.18) and did not significantly vary by kidney dysfunction stage for either of these primary end points in multivariable analyses. Compared with patients with normal kidney function, those with CKD were more likely to die in the hospital (adjusted odds ratio, 1.22; 95% confidence interval: 1.14-1.32) and have an unfavorable discharge functional status (adjusted odds ratio, 1.13; 95% CI: 1.07-1.19). Presence of CKD among patients with IS treated with intravenous tissue-type plasminogen activator is associated with higher unadjusted odds of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage or serious systemic hemorrhage, but this is explained by non-CKD related factors. © 2014 American Heart Association, Inc.

  4. [Acute type B aortic dissection: prognosis after initial conservative treatment and predictive factors for a complicated course].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carrel, T; Nguyen, T; Gysi, J; Kipfer, B; Sigurdsson, G; Schaffner, T; Schüpbach, P; Althaus, U

    1997-09-06

    Today there is still debate concerning the optimal mode of treatment for type B dissection of the aorta. Controversies are mainly due to discordant results regarding survival following medical or surgical treatment. We assessed the early and long-term outcome of acute dissection of the descending aorta after initial conservative treatment. Between 1980 and 1995, 225 patients were hospitalized in the medical or surgical department of our institution with the diagnosis of acute type B aortic dissection. 38 patients (16.8%) underwent replacement of the descending aorta within the first week after hospital admission. Primary indications for immediate surgery were rupturing aneurysm in 15 patients, extensive dilatation of the descending aorta in 13, distal malperfusion in 8, and pseudocoarctation syndrome with uncontrollable hypertension in 2. All other patients (n = 187) underwent primary conservative treatment in the intensive care unit, which included appropriate antihypertensive medication. Hospital mortality during and after initial conservative treatment was 17.6% (33/187 patients). Main causes of death were rupture in 14 patients, intestinal malperfusion in 13 and cardiac failure in 3, whereas in 3 patients the cause of death could not be determined. Nine additional patients had to be referred for early surgery during the initial hospitalization because of contained rupture (n = 4), rapidly increasing size of the aorta (n = 2) and suspected intestinal ischemia (n = 3). Hospital mortality after early surgery was 21% (8/38 patients) for the overall time period. After hospital discharge from the initial acute dissection, surgery for chronic dissection was performed in 47 patients, mainly because of expanding descending aortic aneurysm. Hospital mortality was 8% in these patients (4/47). Actuarial survival rates after primary conservative therapy were 76 +/- 5% and 50 +/- 7% after 5 and 8 years respectively. Currently, surgery for acute type B dissection is limited

  5. Complicated rhinosinusitis

    OpenAIRE

    Hansen, F.S.

    2016-01-01

    Complicated rhinosinusitis: a title chosen for its multi-interpretable nature. In the Oxford dictionary ‘complicated’ is defined as ‘consisting of many interconnecting parts or elements’ and ‘involving many different and confusing aspects’ as well as ‘involving complications’ in medicine. It is the last definition that is applicable to chapter 2 which focuses on the medical complications of acute rhinosinusitis. Chapter 2.1 describes the incidence and management of orbital and intracranial co...

  6. Early angiopoietin-2 levels after onset predict the advent of severe pancreatitis, multiple organ failure, and infectious complications in patients with acute pancreatitis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Buddingh, Karel T.; Koudstaal, Lyan G.; van Santvoort, Hjalmar C.; Besselink, Marc G.; Timmer, Robin; Rosman, Camiel; van Goor, Harry; Nijmeijer, Rian M.; Gooszen, Hein; Leuvenink, Henri G. D.; Ploeg, Rutger J.; Nieuwenhuijs, Vincent B.

    2014-01-01

    Acute pancreatitis is a severe condition that requires early identification of patients at risk of developing potentially lethal complications. Current clinical scoring systems and biochemical parameters are insufficient. In this study, we aimed to assess whether early plasma Angiopoietin-2 (Ang-2)

  7. Activities of daily living as an additional predictor of complications and outcomes in elderly patients with acute myocardial infarction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nakajima H

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Hiroyuki Nakajima,1 Jiro Yoshioka,2 Nobuyuki Totsuka,2 Izumi Miyazawa,2 Tatsuya Usui,2 Nobuyuki Urasawa,2 Takahiro Kobayashi,3 Tomoaki Mochidome4 1Department of Cardiology, Nagano Matsushiro General Hospital, 2Department of Cardiology, Nagano Red Cross Hospital, 3Department of Cardiology, Nagano Municipal Hospital, Nagano, 4Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Shinshu University School of Medicine, Matsumoto, Japan Background: Age is an important determinant of outcome in acute myocardial infarction (AMI. However, in clinical settings, there is an occasional mismatch between chronological age and physical age. We evaluated whether activities of daily living (ADL, which reflect physical age, also predict complications and prognosis in elderly patients with AMI.Design: Single-center, observational, and retrospective cohort study.Methods: Preserved ADL and low ADL were defined according to the scale for independence degree of daily living for the disabled elderly by the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labour, and Welfare. We examined 82 consecutive patients aged ≥75 years with AMI who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention. Patients were divided into preserved ADL (n=52; mean age, 81.8±4.8 years; male, 59.6% and low ADL (n=30; mean age, 85.8±4.7 years; male, 40.0% groups according to prehospital ADL.Results: The prevalence of Killip class II–IV and in-hospital mortality rate were significantly higher with low ADL compared to that with preserved ADL (23.1% vs 60.0%, P=0.0019; 5.8% vs 30.0%, P=0.0068, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that ADL was an independent predictor of Killip class II–IV and 1-year mortality after adjusting for age, sex, and other possible confounders (odds ratio 5.11, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.52–17.2, P=0.0083; hazard ratio 4.32, 95% CI 1.31–14.3, P=0.017, respectively.Conclusion: Prehospital ADL is a significant predictor of heart failure complications and prognosis in elderly

  8. Antibiotics for preventing suppurative complications from undifferentiated acute respiratory infections in children under five years of age.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alves Galvão, Márcia G; Rocha Crispino Santos, Marilene Augusta; Alves da Cunha, Antonio J L

    2016-02-29

    Undifferentiated acute respiratory infections (ARIs) are a large and heterogeneous group of infections not clearly restricted to one specific part of the upper respiratory tract, which last for up to seven days. They are more common in pre-school children in low-income countries and are responsible for 75% of the total amount of prescribed antibiotics in high-income countries. One possible rationale for prescribing antibiotics is the wish to prevent bacterial complications. To assess the effectiveness and safety of antibiotics in preventing bacterial complications in children aged two months to 59 months with undifferentiated ARIs. We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL 2015, Issue 7), which contains the Cochrane Acute Respiratory Infections Group's Specialised Register, MEDLINE (1950 to August week 1, 2015) and EMBASE (1974 to August 2015). Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) or quasi-RCTs comparing antibiotic prescriptions with placebo or no treatment in children aged two months to 59 months with an undifferentiated ARI for up to seven days. Two review authors independently assessed trial quality and extracted and analysed data using the standard Cochrane methodological procedures. We identified four trials involving 1314 children. Three trials investigated the use of amoxicillin/clavulanic acid to prevent otitis and one investigated ampicillin to prevent pneumonia.The use of amoxicillin/clavulanic acid compared to placebo to prevent otitis showed a risk ratio (RR) of 0.70 (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.45 to 1.11, three trials, 414 selected children, moderate-quality evidence). Methods of random sequence generation and allocation concealment were not clearly stated in two trials. Performance, detection and reporting bias could not be ruled out in three trials.Ampicillin compared to supportive care (continuation of breastfeeding, clearing of the nose and paracetamol for fever control) to prevent pneumonia showed a RR of 1.05 (95

  9. Activities of daily living as an additional predictor of complications and outcomes in elderly patients with acute myocardial infarction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakajima, Hiroyuki; Yoshioka, Jiro; Totsuka, Nobuyuki; Miyazawa, Izumi; Usui, Tatsuya; Urasawa, Nobuyuki; Kobayashi, Takahiro; Mochidome, Tomoaki

    2016-01-01

    Age is an important determinant of outcome in acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However, in clinical settings, there is an occasional mismatch between chronological age and physical age. We evaluated whether activities of daily living (ADL), which reflect physical age, also predict complications and prognosis in elderly patients with AMI. Single-center, observational, and retrospective cohort study. Preserved ADL and low ADL were defined according to the scale for independence degree of daily living for the disabled elderly by the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labour, and Welfare. We examined 82 consecutive patients aged ≥75 years with AMI who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention. Patients were divided into preserved ADL (n=52; mean age, 81.8±4.8 years; male, 59.6%) and low ADL (n=30; mean age, 85.8±4.7 years; male, 40.0%) groups according to prehospital ADL. The prevalence of Killip class II-IV and in-hospital mortality rate were significantly higher with low ADL compared to that with preserved ADL (23.1% vs 60.0%, P=0.0019; 5.8% vs 30.0%, P=0.0068, respectively). Multivariate analysis showed that ADL was an independent predictor of Killip class II-IV and 1-year mortality after adjusting for age, sex, and other possible confounders (odds ratio 5.11, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.52-17.2, P=0.0083; hazard ratio 4.32, 95% CI 1.31-14.3, P=0.017, respectively). Prehospital ADL is a significant predictor of heart failure complications and prognosis in elderly patients with AMI undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention, irrespective of age and sex.

  10. Primary Pulmonary Amebiasis Complicated with Multicystic Empyema

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Zakaria

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Amebiasis is a parasitic infection caused by the protozoan Entamoeba histolytica. While most infections are asymptomatic, the disease could manifest clinically as amebic dysentery and/or extraintestinal invasion in the form of amebic liver abscess or other more rare manifestations such as pulmonary, cardiac, or brain involvement. Herein we are reporting a case of a 24-year-old male with history of Down syndrome who presented with severe right side pneumonia complicated with multicystic empyema resistant to regular medical therapy. Further investigation revealed a positive pleural fluid for E. histolytica cysts and trophozoites. The patient was diagnosed with primary pleuropulmonary amebiasis and he responded promptly to surgical drainage and metronidazole therapy. In patients from endemic areas all physicians should keep a high index of suspicion of amebiasis as a cause of pulmonary disease.

  11. Pulmonary hypertension secondary to pulmonary veno-occlusive disease complicated by right heart failure, hypotension and acute kidney injury

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nima Golzy

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Pulmonary veno-occlusive disease (PVOD is rare condition which can lead to severe pulmonary hypertension, right ventricular dysfunction, and cardiopulmonary failure. The diagnosis of PVOD can be challenging due to its nonspecific symptoms and its similarity to idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension and interstitial lung disease in terms of diagnostic findings. This case describes a 57 year old female patient who presented with a 5-month history of progressive dyspnea on exertion and nonproductive cough. Workup at another hospital was nonspecific and the patient underwent surgical lung biopsy due to concern for interstitial lung disease. She subsequently became hemodynamically unstable and was transferred to our hospital where she presented with severe hypoxemia, hypotension, and suprasystemic pulmonary artery pressures. Preliminary lung biopsy results suggested idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension and the patient was started on vasodilating agents, including continuous epoprostenol infusion. Pulmonary artery pressures decreased but remained suprasystemic and the patient did not improve. Final review of the biopsy by a specialized laboratory revealed a diagnosis of PVOD after which vasodilating therapy was immediately weaned off. Evaluation for dual heart-lung transplantation was begun. The patient's hospital course was complicated by hypotension requiring vasopressors, worsening right ventricular dysfunction, and acute kidney injury. During the transplantation evaluation, the patient decided that she did not want to undergo continued attempts at stabilization of her progressive multi-organ dysfunction and she was transitioned to comfort care. She expired hours after removing inotropic support.

  12. Robotic coronary artery bypass grafting decreases 30-day complication rate, length of stay, and acute care facility discharge rate compared with conventional surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leyvi, Galina; Forest, Stephen J; Srinivas, Vankeepuram S; Greenberg, Mark; Wang, Nan; Mais, Alec; Snyder, Max J; DeRose, Joseph J

    2014-01-01

    The objective of this study was to compare the short-term outcomes of robotic with conventional on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). The study population included 2091 consecutive patients who underwent either conventional or robotic CABG from January 2007 to March 2012. Preoperative, intraoperative, and 30-day postoperative variables were collected for each group. To compare the incidence of rapid recovery between conventional and robotic CABG, the surrogate variables of early discharge and discharge to home (vs rehabilitation or acute care facility) were evaluated. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was used. One hundred fifty robotic and 1619 conventional CABG cases were analyzed. Multivariate logistic regression analysis demonstrated that robotic surgery was a strong predictor of lower 30-day complications [odds ratio (OR), 0.24; P = 0.005], short length of stay (OR, 3.31; P < 0.001), and decreased need for an acute care facility (OR, 0.55; P = 0.032). In the presence of complications (New York State Complication Composite), the robotic technique was not associated with a change in discharge status. In this retrospective review, robotic CABG was associated with a lower 30-day complication rate, a shorter length of stay, and a lower incidence of acute care facility discharge than conventional on-pump CABG. It may suggest a more rapid recovery to preoperative status after robotic surgery; however, only a randomized prospective study could confirm the advantages of a robotic approach.

  13. Analysis of the clinical symptoms of patients complicated with acute intestinal obstr uction after the surger y of colon cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pei-Jun Ye

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To study the content of serum inflammatory medium of the patients complicated with acute intestinal obstruction after the surgery of colon cancer. Methods: A total of 150 patients with colon cancer received limited surgery treatment during the period of May 2012 to October 2015 were selected as the study objects. They were divided into postoperative ileus (POI group and non-postoperative ileus (non-POI group according to the presence or absence of intestinal obstruction. Then, the contents of serum procalcitonin (PCT, C-reactive protein (CRP, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFa and interleukin-6 (IL-6 were detected at the 1st, 3rd, 5th and 7th days after the surgery. Results: The levels of serum PCT, CRP, TNF-a and IL-6 of two groups at the 1st day had no differences after the surgery. The level of serum PCT of POI group tended to increase and its levels of serum CRP, TNF-a and IL-6 tended to decrease at the 3rd, 5th and 7th days after the surgery, while the levels of serum PCT, CRP, TNF-a and IL-6 of non-POI group were decreased. The content of serum PCT of POI group and non-POI group at the 3rd day after the surgery had no differences (P > 0.05, and the level of serum PCT of POI group was higher than that of non-POI group at the 5th and 7th days after the surgery (P 0.05. Conclusions: The raising of the content of serum PCT after the surgery can be used as the laboratory index to predict the incidence of acute intestinal obstruction after the surgery of colon cancer. 1. Introduction Postoperative ileus (POI mainly happens after major abdominal surgeries causing the clinical symptoms such as abdominal pain, abdominal distension, no flatus and defecation, etc. Colorectal cancer is a common malignant tumor in the digestive system, and the incidence and death rates of the disease were all tending to in

  14. [The fatty acid composition of the lipids in the sweat of patients with complications in the acute period of a myocardial infarct].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gichka, S G; Briuzgina, T S; Reva, S N

    1998-06-01

    Sweat lipids fatty acid (FA) composition was determined in patients presenting with uncomplicated course of acute myocardial infarction and in the development of pulmonary edema and pneumonia with the aid of a gas-chromatographic technique. The development in the patients of pulmonary complications was found out to be accompanied by a substantial elevation of sweat lipids content of polyunsaturated FA, linoleic and arachidonic FA in particular, which fact can be taken as a diagnostic and prognostic criterion.

  15. Review of hepatocellular cancer, hypertension and renal impairment as late complications of acute porphyria and recommendations for patient follow-up.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stewart, Mary Felicity

    2012-11-01

    This review critically appraises the data emerging from small retrospective and prospective cohort studies suggesting that patients with the autosomal dominant acute porphyrias may be at increased risk of hepatocellular cancer (HCC), hypertension (HT) and renal impairment. The most striking finding is a marked excess risk of HCC in Swedish patients with acute intermittent porphyria (AIP). As Sweden has a relatively high prevalence of AIP due to a founder effect, it is uncertain to what extent the finding is generalisable to other populations or other acute porphyrias and whether early intervention through screening can improve outcomes. As yet there is no evidence for the cost-effectiveness of systematic surveillance for HCC in acute porphyria outside Sweden. Data from several populations also suggest a high prevalence of chronic sustained HT and renal impairment in AIP, but it is uncertain if this represents a true excess risk, in particular for asymptomatic patients. As these long-term complications are important and potentially treatable, a pragmatic recommendation is that symptomatic patients with acute porphyria should be offered specialist long-term follow-up and, for those aged >50 years, annual liver ultrasound may be considered following discussion of the likely risks and benefits. Opportunistic cardiovascular risk assessment can readily be incorporated into a structured annual review so that appropriate drugs safe for use in acute porphyria are prescribed promptly. As these diseases are rare, collaborative international epidemiological studies such as those being coordinated through the European Porphyria Network are essential to inform best clinical practice.

  16. Impact of aspirin and statins on long-term survival in patients hospitalized with acute myocardial infarction complicated by heart failure

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lewinter, Christian; Bland, John M; Crouch, Simon

    2014-01-01

    AIMS: Aspirin and statins are established therapies for acute myocardial infarction (MI), but their benefits in patients with chronic heart failure (HF) remain elusive. We investigated the impact of aspirin and statins on long-term survival in patients hospitalized with acute MI complicated by HF....... METHODS AND RESULTS: Of 4251 patients in the Evaluation of Methods and Management of Acute Coronary Events (EMMACE)-1 and -2 observational studies, 1706 patients had HF. A propensity score-matching method estimated the average treatment effects (ATEs) of aspirin and statins on survival over 90 months....... ATEs were calculated as relative risk differences in all-cause mortality comparing patients receiving aspirin and statins with controls, respectively. Moreover, combined aspirin and statins vs. none (ATE I), aspirin or statins vs. none (ATE II), and aspirin and statins vs. aspirin or statins (ATE III...

  17. Effects of HV-CRRT on PCT, TNF-α, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8 and IL-10 in patients with pancreatitis complicated by acute renal failure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Changbo; Li, Mu; Cao, Shixiong; Wang, Jianzhong; Huang, Xiaoqiong; Zhong, Weizhen

    2017-10-01

    The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of high-volume continuous renal replacement therapy (HV-CRRT) on procalcitonin (PCT), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-4 (IL-4), IL-6, IL-8 and IL-10 in acute pancreatitis complicated by acute renal failure. Eighty-six patients with acute pancreatitis complicated with acute renal failure were selected from September 2014 to September 2016 in our hospital, and were treated by continuous veno-venous hemofiltration (CVVH). The patients were randomly divided into the observation group, treated by the HV-CVVH model with a displacement rate of 4 l/h, and the control group, treated by the normal capacity model with a displacement rate of 2 l/h. The levels of PCT, TNF-α, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, and IL-10 in serum were measured by ELISA before and 2, 6 and 12 h after treatment, and 12 h after CVVH. The serum PCT and TNF-α levels in the two groups were decreased at 2 h after treatment. The lowest levels appeared at 6 h after treatment, and then recovered, but remained lower than those before treatment (pacute renal failure. Additionally, replacement of the blood filter at appropriate time-points can improve the treatment efficacy.

  18. Acute cholecystitis and pancreatitis in a patient with biliary sludge associated with the use of ceftriaxone: a rare but potentially severe complication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Famularo, G; Polchi, S; De Simone, C

    1999-01-01

    Ceftriaxone may precipitate in the bile leading to the formation of biliary sludge. Biliary complications, even serious ones, have rarely been described in patients treated with this antibiotic. A 71-year-old woman presented to the emergency room with biliary sludge complicated by acute cholecystitis and pancreatitis after 10 days of treatment with ceftriaxone (2 g, 40 mg/kg per day). There had been no evidence of sludge or gallstones on a transabdominal ultrasonography performed 6 months earlier. The patient underwent open cholecystectomy and recovered fully. Ceftriaxone should be kept in mind as a potential cause of biliary sludge. In most cases, resolution of sludge occurs after interruption of ceftriaxone. Young subjects, patients receiving a prolonged course and a daily dose > or = 40 mg/kg, and subjects with impaired gallbladder emptying have a greater risk of ceftriaxone-associated sludge. Cholecystectomy is the definitive therapy for severe complications.

  19. Pleuropulmonary Blastoma (PPB in an infant: Is the timing of an elective resection of neonatal lung lesions challenged?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert Simon

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Congenital Pulmonary Airway Malformations (CPAMs are abnormalities of lung parenchyma that are often diagnosed upon prenatal imaging as opposed to postnatal symptoms. With a clinical presentation identical to CPAMs, Pleuropulmonary Blastoma (PPB is a rare pulmonary neoplasm of highly malignant potential. We present a rare case of a female infant with a vague medical history of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS at birth, presenting with a tension pneumothorax at three months of age, thought initially to be secondary to CPAM, but found to be PPB upon surgical resection and histological analysis. PPB is a rare pulmonary neoplasm of childhood that originates from the primitive interstitium of the lung, resulting in lesions that can be highly malignant. It is classified as type I (cystic, type II (cystic/solid or type III (solid, with a progression of disease and worsening prognosis from type I to type III. Due to the cystic nature of CPAM and PPB it is difficult to differentiate on imaging alone; diagnosis must be made based on histological analysis. The highly malignant nature and potential for morbidity and mortality of PPB should make clinicians consider early resection of cystic lung lesions preferentially on an elective basis.

  20. Rapidly fatal community-acquired pneumonia due to Klebsiella pneumoniae complicated with acute myocarditis and accelerated idioventricular rhythm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chuang, Tzu-Yi; Lin, Chou-Jui; Lee, Shih-Wei; Chuang, Chun-Pin; Jong, Yuh-Shiun; Chen, Wen-Jone; Hsueh, Po-Ren

    2012-08-01

    We describe a previously healthy 52-year-old man with rapidly fatal community-acquired pneumonia caused by Klebsiella pneumoniae. The patient developed acute renal dysfunction, accelerated idioventricular rhythm (acute myocarditis), lactic acidosis and septic shock. He died within 15 hours after admission despite intravenous levofloxacin (750 mg daily) and aggressive medical treatment. Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  1. Renal failure requiring dialysis complicating slow continuous ultrafiltration in acute heart failure: importance of systolic perfusion pressure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wehbe, Edgard; Patarroyo, Maria; Taliercio, Jonathan J; Starling, Randall C; Nally, Joseph V; Tang, W H Wilson; Demirjian, Sevag

    2015-02-01

    Recent reports have raised concerns regarding renal outcomes in patients with decompensated acute heart failure (HF) treated with slow continuous ultrafiltration (SCUF). The purpose of this study was to identify risk factors for renal failure (RF) requiring dialysis in patients with acute HF initiated on SCUF. We studied 63 consecutive patients with acute HF who required SCUF because of congestion refractory to hemodynamically guided intensive medical therapy. Median serum creatinine at SCUF initiation was higher in patients who developed RF requiring dialysis [2.5 (interquartile range 1.8-3.3) vs 1.6 (1.2-2.3) mg/dL; P acute HF initiated on SCUF, onset of RF requiring dialysis is associated with high mortality. Systolic perfusion pressure which incorporates both perfusion and venous congestion parameters may present a modifiable risk factor for worsening RF during SCUF in acute HF patients. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. A case of acute Sheehan's syndrome and literature review: a rare but life-threatening complication of postpartum hemorrhage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matsuzaki, Shinya; Endo, Masayuki; Ueda, Yutaka; Mimura, Kazuya; Kakigano, Aiko; Egawa-Takata, Tomomi; Kumasawa, Keiichi; Yoshino, Kiyoshi; Kimura, Tadashi

    2017-06-14

    Sheehan's syndrome occurs because of severe postpartum hemorrhage causing ischemic pituitary necrosis. Sheehan's syndrome is a well-known condition that is generally diagnosed several years postpartum. However, acute Sheehan's syndrome is rare, and clinicians have little exposure to it. It can be life-threatening. There have been no reviews of acute Sheehan's syndrome and no reports of successful pregnancies after acute Sheehan's syndrome. We present such a case, and to understand this rare condition, we have reviewed and discussed the literature pertaining to it. An electronic search for acute Sheehan's syndrome in the literature from January 1990 and May 2014 was performed. A 27-year-old woman had massive postpartum hemorrhage (approximately 5000 mL) at her first delivery due to atonic bleeding. She was transfused and treated with uterine embolization, which successfully stopped the bleeding. The postpartum period was uncomplicated through day 7 following the hemorrhage. However, on day 8, the patient had sudden onset of seizures and subsequently became comatose. Laboratory results revealed hypothyroidism, hypoglycemia, hypoprolactinemia, and adrenal insufficiency. Thus, the patient was diagnosed with acute Sheehan's syndrome. Following treatment with thyroxine and hydrocortisone, her condition improved, and she was discharged on day 24. Her next pregnancy was established 2 years after her first delivery. She required induction of ovulation for the next conception. The pregnancy, delivery, and postpartum period were uneventful. An electronic search of the literature yielded 21 cases of acute Sheehan's syndrome. Presenting signs varied, including adrenal insufficiency (12 cases), diabetes insipidus (4 cases), hypothyroidism (2 cases), and panhypopituitarism (3 cases), with a median time of presentation after delivery for each of those conditions being 7.9, 4, 18, and 9 days, respectively. Serial changes in magnetic resonance imaging were reported in some cases

  3. Acute cholecystitis is a common complication after allogeneic stem cell transplantation and is associated with the use of total parenteral nutrition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bagley, Stephen J; Sehgal, Alison R; Gill, Saar; Frey, Noelle V; Hexner, Elizabeth O; Loren, Alison W; Mangan, James K; Porter, David L; Stadtmauer, Edward A; Reshef, Ran; Luger, Selina M

    2015-04-01

    The incidence and risk factors for acute cholecystitis after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) are not well defined. Of 644 consecutive adult transplants performed at our institution between 2001 and 2011, acute cholecystitis occurred in the first year of transplant in 32 patients (5.0%). We conducted 2 retrospective case-control studies of this population to determine risk factors for cholecystitis after HSCT and to evaluate the performance of different methods of imaging to diagnosis cholecystitis in patients undergoing HSCT compared with non-HSCT patients. In the HSCT population, development of cholecystitis was associated with an increased 1-year overall mortality rate (62.5% versus 19.8%, P cholecystitis was higher in patients who received total parenteral nutrition (TPN) (adjusted odds ratio, 3.41; P = .009). There was a trend toward more equivocal abdominal ultrasound findings in HSCT recipients with acute cholecystitis compared with nontransplant patients (50.0% versus 30.6%, P = .06). However, hepatobiliary iminodiacetic acid (HIDA) scans were definitively positive for acute cholecystitis in most patients in both populations (80.0% of HSCT recipients versus 77.4% of control subjects, P = .82). In conclusion, acute cholecystitis is a common early complication of HSCT, the risk is increased in patients who receive TPN, and it is associated with high 1-year mortality. In HSCT recipients with findings suggestive of acute cholecystitis, especially those receiving TPN, early use of HIDA scan may be considered over ultrasound. Copyright © 2015 American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. [Purulent pericarditis and colonic infiltrating to Salmonella enteritidis complicated by acute intussusception in a case of IL-12Rβ1 deficiency].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ailal, F; Tazi, A; Bustamante, J; Picard, C; Najib, J; Casanova, J-L; Bousfiha, A A

    2014-12-01

    IL-12 receptor β1 deficiency (IL-12Rβ1) predisposes patients to mycobacteria and Salmonella infections. We report a case of IL-12Rβ1 deficiency with a fatal multi-resistant Salmonella enteritidis infection. This boy was born after from a consanguineous marriage, and diagnosed as having a IL-12Rβ1 deficiency since the age of 3 months. He presented with recurrent Salmonella enteritidis essentially digestive localization, complicated by purulent pericarditis at the same germ at the age of two and a half years. At the age of 3, a colonic infiltration due to a Salmonella enteritidis resistant to antibiotics, was complicated by acute intussusception, and the child died. The IL-12Rβ1 deficiency is considered as having a good prognosis, in contrast to what happened in our patient. We review therapeutic issues in these patients. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  5. [Comparative estimation of an acute gastroduodenal ulcers, complicated by hemorrhage according to indexes of enzymatic-biochemical spectrum of the blood].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bobkov, O V

    2004-07-01

    Comparative estimation of methods of endoscopic hemostasis and treatment of an acute gastroduodenal ulcers, complicated by hemorrhage, was done: in 22 patients the conventional methods were applied, in 41-endoscopic hemostasis, using flatorization with the help of ozone-oxygen mixture and subsequent ozone insufflations. For the treatment efficacy control the endoscopic monitoring was used, there were studied cytobiochemical indexes of the dehydrogenases complex activity and of peroxide oxygenation of lipids. It was established, that ozonotherapy, even applied solely, guarantees the erosions healing in 3 days on average with simultaneous approximation to the norm of cytobiochemical indexes investigated.

  6. Impact of aspirin and statins on long-term survival in patients hospitalized with acute myocardial infarction complicated by heart failure: an analysis of 1706 patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewinter, Christian; Bland, John M; Crouch, Simon; Cleland, John G F; Doherty, Patrick; LeWinter, Martin M; Køber, Lars; Hall, Alistair S; Gale, Christopher P

    2014-01-01

    Aspirin and statins are established therapies for acute myocardial infarction (MI), but their benefits in patients with chronic heart failure (HF) remain elusive. We investigated the impact of aspirin and statins on long-term survival in patients hospitalized with acute MI complicated by HF. Of 4251 patients in the Evaluation of Methods and Management of Acute Coronary Events (EMMACE)-1 and -2 observational studies, 1706 patients had HF. A propensity score-matching method estimated the average treatment effects (ATEs) of aspirin and statins on survival over 90 months. ATEs were calculated as relative risk differences in all-cause mortality comparing patients receiving aspirin and statins with controls, respectively. Moreover, combined aspirin and statins vs. none (ATE I), aspirin or statins vs. none (ATE II), and aspirin and statins vs. aspirin or statins (ATE III) were assessed. The median survival times of the ATE I, ATE II and ATE III were 25, 50, and 85 months, respectively. Regarding aspirin, the ATE was significantly improved at 6, 12, and 90 months [ATE 6 months: 10%, 95% confidence interval (CI) 3-18%], where the ATE of statins favoured survival at 1-24 months (ATE 1 month: 5%, 95% CI 0.3-10%). Mortality was lower at 1, 6, and 24 months in those who received aspirin and statins (ATE I). When the combination was compared with either treatment alone, an effect persisted between 6 and 90 months (ATE III). In patients with acute MI complicated by HF, prescription of aspirin and statins either alone or together was associated with better long-term survival. © 2013 The Authors. European Journal of Heart Failure © 2013 European Society of Cardiology.

  7. Absence of gender differences in clinical outcomes in patients with cardiogenic shock complicating acute myocardial infarction. A report from the SHOCK Trial Registry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, S C; Sleeper, L A; Monrad, E S; Menegus, M A; Palazzo, A; Dzavik, V; Jacobs, A; Jiang, X; Hochman, J S

    2001-11-01

    The aim of this study was to assess the impact of gender on clinical course and in-hospital mortality in patients with cardiogenic shock (CS) complicating acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Previous studies have demonstrated higher mortality for women compared with men with ST elevation myocardial infarctions and higher rates of CS after AMI. The influence of gender and its interaction with various treatment strategies on clinical outcomes once CS develops is unclear. Using the SHould we emergently revascularize Occluded Coronaries for cardiogenic shocK? (SHOCK) Registry database of 1,190 patients with suspected CS in the setting of AMI, we examined shock etiologies by gender. Among the 884 patients with predominant left ventricular (LV) failure, we compared the patient demographics, angiographic and hemodynamic findings, treatment approaches as well as the clinical outcomes of women versus men. This study had a 97% power to detect a 10% absolute difference in mortality by gender. Left ventricular failure was the most frequent cause of CS for both gender groups. Women in the SHOCK Registry had a significantly higher incidence of mechanical complications including ventricular septal rupture and acute severe mitral regurgitation. Among patients with predominant LV failure, women were, on average, 4.6 years older, had a higher incidence of hypertension, diabetes and a lower cardiac index. The overall mortality rate for the entire cohort was high (61%). After adjustment for differences in patient demographics and treatment approaches, there was no significant difference in in-hospital mortality between the two gender groups (odds ratio = 1.03, 95% confidence interval of 0.73 to 1.43, p = 0.88). Mortality was also similar for women and men who were selected for revascularization (44% vs. 38%, p = 0.244). Women with CS complicating AMI had more frequent adverse clinical characteristics and mechanical complications. Women derived the same benefit as men from

  8. A single-center experience of hemofiltration treatment for acute aortic dissection (Stanford type A) complicated with postoperative acute renal failure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qi, Peng; Zhang, Xi-Quan; Pang, Xin-Yan; Cao, Guang-Qing; Fang, Chang-Cun; Wu, Shu-Ming

    2015-01-01

    To investigate the effect of continuous venovenous hemofiltration (CVVH) for aortic dissection patients with acute renal failure after surgery in retrospective manner. A total of thirty-seven aortic dissection patients with postoperative acute renal failure accepted CVVH therapy. The effect of CVVH was evaluated by analyzing clinical condition changes and laboratory examination results. After treatment of CVVH, renal function and clinical symptoms were significantly improved in thirty patients. Eight of the thirty patients got completely renal function recovery within two weeks after CVVH therapy; and twenty-two of the thirty patients got completely renal function recovery within four weeks after CVVH therapy. Nevertheless, seven patients got no benefit from CVVH therapy with poor prognosis. CVVH is an effective treatment to most aortic dissection patients with postoperative acute renal failure. The effect of CVVH was correlated with original renal function, early CVVH therapy, and continuous intensive care.

  9. Intra-abdominal hypertension complicating pancreatitis-induced acute respiratory distress syndrome in three patients on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feddy, Lee; Barker, Julian; Fawcett, Pete; Malagon, Ignacio

    2016-01-01

    Severe acute pancreatitis is associated with sever multiorgan failure from 15 to 50%, depending on the series. In some of these patients, conventional methods of ventilation and respiratory support will fail, demanding the use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). Abdominal compartment syndrome is potentially harmful in this cohort of patients. We describe the successful treatment of three patients with severe acute pancreatitis who underwent respiratory ECMO and where intra abdominal pressure was monitored regularly. Retrospective review of case notes. Three patients with severe acute pancreatitis requiring ECMO suffered from increased intra abdominal pressure during their ICU stay. No surgical interventions were taken to relieve abdominal compartment syndrome. Survival to hospital discharge was 100%. Monitoring intraabdominal pressure is a valuable adjunct to decision making while caring for these high-risk critically ill patients.

  10. Acute Compartment Syndrome of the Lower Leg after Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting: A Silent but Dangerous Complication

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    te Kolste, Henryk Jan; Balm, Ron; de Mol, Bas

    2015-01-01

    Acute compartment syndrome (ACoS) is a serious, limb-threatening condition, but ACoS after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is rare. ACoS is diagnosed with the help of typical symptoms, but due to the use of analgesics in a postoperative setting, these symptoms may vary. Identifying risk

  11. Practical use, effects and complications of prehospital treatment of acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema using the Boussignac CPAP system

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    E.E. Spijker (Eva Eiske); M. De Bont (Maarten); M. Bax; M. Sandel (Maro)

    2013-01-01

    textabstractBackground: Early use of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) has been shown to be beneficial within the setting of acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema (ACPE). The Boussignac CPAP system (BCPAP) was therefore introduced into the protocols of emergency medical services (EMS) in a

  12. A case of progressive hypertension preceding gemcitabine-associated thrombotic microangiopathy complicated by acute kidney injury and stroke.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Phelan, Paul J

    2009-01-01

    Gemcitabine-associated thrombotic microangiopathy is being increasingly recognized as a serious complication of treatment. We report a normotensive patient who developed progressive hypertension after commencing gemcitabine therapy. She also developed subtle changes in her platelet count and serum creatinine months before her emergent presentation. Clinicians should be aware of new onset or worsening hypertension and \\'mild\\' biochemical changes in gemcitabine-treated patients.

  13. Acute pancreatitis as a postburn complication: report of two cases in children Pancreatitis aguda como complicación de quemadura en dos niños

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    Jairo Alberto Patarroyo Serrano

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Acute pancreatitis in burnt adults has been reported with some frequency; contrariwise, there has been only one report of this complication in a burnt child. We reviewed the medical records of two childrenwith acute pancreatitis as a postburn complication, who were treated at the Burns Unit of the San Vicente de Paúl Hospital, in Medellín, Colombia. As a result, we add two documented cases to the limited literature on this subject. La pancreatitis aguda ha sido reportada con alguna frecuencia en adultos quemados pero sólo se ha publicado un caso de esta complicación en un niño quemado. Se revisan las historias clínicas de dos niños con pancreatitis aguda como complicación de quemaduras, atendidos en la Unidad de Quemados del Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl (Medellín. Como resultado de la revisión se añaden dos casos bien documentados a la escasa literatura al respecto.

  14. Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PPCI in acute myocardial infarction complicated with cardiogenic shock in a newly emerging cardiac center in Nepal

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    Arun Maskey

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available

    • BACKGROUND: Acute myocardial infarction (AMI is complicated by cardiogenic shock in 7~10% of patients. Mortality rate is exceedingly high and reaches 70-80% in those treated conservatively. Large thrombolytic trials demonstrate 60% mortality with most effective thrombolytic agent.
    • METHODS: In between September 2005 to August 2008 total PCI in Shahid Gangalal National Heart Center (SGNHC in Nepal was 452. Among them primary PCI (PPCI in AMI with cardiogenic shock was done in only 16 patients (3.5%.
    • RESULTS: This study showed in-hospital mortality of 50% (n = 8. Of 50% (n = 8 alive patients with cardiogenic shock who underwent PPCI, 6  atients are in routine follow-up over 12 months and 2 were doing well in subsequent 6 months but not in follow up after that.
    • CONCLUSION: Primary PCI in AMI complicated by cardiogenic shock has lower mortality and improved outcome. High cost, high in-hospital ortality and lack of trained personnel are major limitations.
    • KEY WORDS: Primary percutaneous coronary intervention, acute myocardial infarction, cardiogenic shock, SGNHC (Shahid Gangalal National Heart Center.

  15. Shrinking lung syndrome complicating pediatric systemic lupus erythematosus

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Burns, Natalie S. [University of Washington Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Seattle, WA (United States); Stevens, Anne M. [Seattle Children' s Hospital, Division of Rheumatology, Department of Pediatrics, Seattle, WA (United States); Iyer, Ramesh S. [University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle Children' s Hospital, Department of Radiology, Seattle, WA (United States)

    2014-10-15

    Systemic lupus erythematosis (SLE) can affect the lungs and pleura, usually manifesting with pleural effusions or diffuse parenchymal disease. A rare manifestation of SLE is shrinking lung syndrome, a severe restrictive respiratory disorder. While pleuropulmonary complications of pediatric SLE are common, shrinking lung syndrome is exceedingly rare in children. We present a case of a 13-year-old girl previously diagnosed with lupus, who developed severe dyspnea on exertion and restrictive pulmonary physiology. Her chest radiographs on presentation demonstrated low lung volumes, and CT showed neither pleural nor parenchymal disease. Fluoroscopy demonstrated poor diaphragmatic excursion. While shrinking lung syndrome is described and studied in adults, there is only sparse reference to shrinking lung syndrome in children. (orig.)

  16. Effect of recombinant human brain natriuretic peptide-assisted interventional treatment on prognosis of acute myocardial infarction patients complicated with cardiogenic shock

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    Xi-Zhou Chen

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To analyze the effect of recombinant human brain natriuretic peptide-assisted interventional treatment on prognosis of acute myocardial infarction patients complicated with cardiogenic shock. Methods: A total of 112 cases of inpatients treated in Cardiology Department of our hospital from March 2013 to March 2015 were selected, all of whom had acute myocardial infarction within 12 hours of onset and received direct PCI treatment. They were divided into observation group and control group according to random number table, each group with 56 cases, control group received conventional interventional treatment and observation group received recombinant human brain natriuretic peptide-assisted interventional treatment. Then differences of regional myocardial deformability, myocardial enzyme spectrum indicators, brain natriuretic peptide and inflammatory factors, blood sugar and stress hormones as well as myocardial infarction prognosis-associated indexes, etc, between two groups after treatment were compared. Results: After treatment, LVEF, SRs, SRe and Sra levels of observation group were higher than those of control group, WMSI level was lower than that of control group; serum myocardial enzyme spectrum indicators CK, CK-MB, AST and LDH values were lower than those of control group; serum BNP, CRP, TNF-α and IL-6 levels were lower than those of control group; serum cortisol, growth hormone and glucagon levels were lower than those of control group, insulin level was higher than that of control group; FT3 and IGF-1 levels were higher than those of control group, sPLA2 and Hcy levels were lower than those of control group. Conclusion: Recombinant human brain natriuretic peptide-assisted interventional treatment for acute myocardial infarction patients complicated with cardiogenic shock can reduce myocardial function injury, protect normal myocardial function and optimize patients’ long-term prognosis; it has active clinical significance.

  17. Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis complicated by acute thromboembolic disease: chest X-ray, HRCT and multi-detector row CT angiographic findings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Camera, Luigi; Campanile, Francesco; Imbriaco, Massimo; Ippolito, Renato; Sirignano, Cesare; Santoro, Ciro; Galderisi, Maurizio; Salvatore, Marco

    2013-02-01

    Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic diffuse interstitial disease characterized by a predominant reticular pattern of involvement of the lung parenchyma which can be well documented by High Resolution Computed Tomography (HRCT). While almost half of the patients with IPF may develop pulmonary arterial hypertension, the occurrence of superimposed acute thrombo-embolic disease is rare.We describe a case of an 87 yrs old female who was found to have IPF complicated by acute pulmonary thrombo-embolism during the clinical and radiological investigation of a rapidly worsening dyspnea. While chest x-ray findings were initially considered consistent with a congestive heart failure, a bed side echocardiography revealed findings suggestive of pulmonary arterial hypertension and right ventricular failure with enlargement of both right cavities and associated valvular regurgitations. An acute thrombo-embolic disease was initially ruled out by a perfusion lung scintigraphy and subsequently confirmed by contrast-enhanced multi-detector CT which showed an embolus at the emergency of the right inter-lobar artery with associated signs of chronic pulmonary hypertension. However, unenhanced scans performed with both conventional and high resolution techniques also depicted a reticular pattern of involvement of lung parenchyma considered suggestive of IPF despite a atypical upper lobe predominance. IPF was later confirmed by further clinical, serological and instrumental follow-up.

  18. Otalgia and eschar in the external auditory canal in scrub typhus complicated by acute respiratory distress syndrome and multiple organ failure

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    Hu Sung-Yuan

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Scrub typhus, a mite-transmitted zoonosis caused by Orientia tsutsugamushi, is an endemic disease in Taiwan and may be potentially fatal if diagnosis is delayed. Case presentations We encountered a 23-year-old previously healthy Taiwanese male soldier presenting with the right ear pain after training in the jungle and an eleven-day history of intermittent high fever up to 39°C. Amoxicillin/clavulanate was prescribed for otitis media at a local clinic. Skin rash over whole body and abdominal cramping pain with watery diarrhea appeared on the sixth day of fever. He was referred due to progressive dyspnea and cough for 4 days prior to admission in our institution. On physical examination, there were cardiopulmonary distress, icteric sclera, an eschar in the right external auditory canal and bilateral basal rales. Laboratory evaluation revealed thrombocytopenia, elevation of liver function and acute renal failure. Chest x-ray revealed bilateral diffuse infiltration. Doxycycline was prescribed for scrub typhus with acute respiratory distress syndrome and multiple organ failure. Fever subsided dramatically the next day and he was discharged on day 7 with oral tetracycline for 7 days. Conclusion Scrub typhus should be considered in acutely febrile patients with multiple organ involvement, particularly if there is an eschar or a history of environmental exposure in endemic areas. Rapid and accurate diagnosis, timely administration of antibiotics and intensive supportive care are necessary to decrease mortality of serious complications of scrub typhus.

  19. Effects of gentamicin monotherapy for the initial treatment of community-onset complicated non-obstructive acute pyelonephritis due to Enterobacteriaceae in elderly and non-elderly women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wie, S-H; Kim, H W; Chang, U-I

    2014-11-01

    Aminoglycosides may serve as fluoroquinolone-sparing or cephalosporin-sparing agents if the clinical effectiveness of aminoglycoside monotherapy is demonstrated. The purposes of this study were to investigate the clinical efficacy of gentamicin as an initial empirical antimicrobial agent and to evaluate the effects of gentamicin resistance on clinical outcomes in women with complicated non-obstructive acute pyelonephritis (APN). Medical records of 1066 women with a diagnosis of APN were reviewed retrospectively. We enrolled 275 women with community-onset complicated non-obstructive APN due to Enterobacteriaceae who received gentamicin as their initial antibiotic. Of these 275 patients, 43 had gentamicin-resistant (GM-R) Enterobacteriaceae APN, and 232 had gentamicin-susceptible (GM-S) Enterobacteriaceae APN. The early clinical success rates were 67.4% (29/43) versus 89.7% (208/232) at 72 h in the GM-R versus the GM-S groups (p 0.001). The overall clinical cure rate was 100% (43/43) and 98.7% (229/232) in the GM-R and GM-S groups, respectively. The duration of hospital stay was significantly longer in the elderly, although there were no significant differences in the rates of early clinical success, final clinical cure, mortality, and time to fever clearance between the elderly and non-elderly groups. Resistance of Enterobacteriaceae to gentamicin, haematuria and serum C-reactive protein level≥20 mg/dL were independently associated with early clinical failure. Gentamicin can be an effective initial antibiotic option for empirical therapy in women with community-onset complicated APN who do not need urological interventional procedures. The use of gentamicin may contribute to a reduction of fluoroquinolone or broad-spectrum cephalosporin use in the treatment of complicated APN. © 2014 The Authors Clinical Microbiology and Infection © 2014 European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases.

  20. Immunomodulation, Acute Renal Failure, and Complications of Basiliximab Use After Liver Transplantation: Analysis of 114 Patients and Literature Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Ataide, E C; Perales, S R; Bortoto, J B; Peres, M A O; Filho, F C; Stucchi, R S B; Udo, E; Boin, I F S F

    2017-05-01

    Basiliximab is considered to be effective in preventing cellular rejection (CR) in solid organ transplantation and is commonly used for renal transplants. The aim of this study was describe the population of patients undergoing orthotopic liver transplantation (LT) receiving basiliximab in the period 2012-2016 in the liver transplant service at the State University of Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil. We analyzed 114 patients who underwent LT and received basiliximab; 83 (72.8%) were male and 31 (27.2%) female, with an overall mean age of 54.3 years. Immunosuppression was performed with corticosteroids during anesthetic induction, and postoperatively with tacrolimus in 85.5%, sodium mycophenolate in 81.7%, cyclosporine in 12.7%, and everolimus in 15.5% of patients. CR was observed in 25.43% of patients, confirmed by biopsy in 15 patients: 50% acute CR, 21.42% late acute CR, and 28.57% chronic CR. Thus, the data are consistent with the literature regarding the benefit of using basiliximab as induction therapy while reducing the incidence of CR after LT, but on univariate analysis to evaluate factors associated with the occurrence of CR, the analyzed variables did not present statistical significance. There was acute renal failure (ARF) in 46.84% of patients and hemodialysis was performed in 20% of cases. In a previous series in our service, there was an ARF rate of 50%, so the incidence reduction of ARF after basiliximab use was 3.16%. Moreover, there was 6.95% hepatic artery thrombosis, 2.6% portal vein thrombosis, 2.6% biliary fistulas, 17.4% pneumonia, and 3.4% sepsis, which did not differ from the literature or from our earlier study without the use of basiliximab, suggesting the safety of this medication. In conclusion, in this series, basiliximab influenced the decrease of the CR incidence with no proven benefit on improvement in the ARF. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. Acute Cor Pulmonale and Right Heat Failure Complicating Ethanol Ablative Therapy: Anesthetic and Radiologic Considerations and Management

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Naik, Bhiken, E-mail: bin4n@virginia.edu [University of Virginia, Department of Anesthesiology (United States); Matsumoto, Alan H. [University of Virginia, Department of Radiology and Medical Imaging (United States)

    2013-10-15

    Ethanol is an effective ablative agent used for the treatment of certain solid organ tumors and vascular malformations (VMs). The egress of ethanol beyond the target tissue can be associated with significant changes to the cardiopulmonary system that can lead to cardiac arrest. This article reviews the contemporary role of ethanol in tumor and VM treatment and discusses the physiological mechanisms of acute pulmonary hypertension and cardiovascular collapse. The importance of periprocedural recognition of the hemodynamic changes that can occur with the use of ethanol and the treatment of this condition are discussed.

  2. Fungal urinary tract infection complicated by acute kidney injury in an infant with intestino-vesical fistula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Jakubowska

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available We report one infant, who in the course of therapy of bacterial urinary tract infection developed fungal UTI and acute kidney injury. It was caused by coexistence of well-known risk factors and additionally intestino-vesical fistula. Appropriate and timely introduced treatment with intravenous fluconazole proved to be therapeutic in the patient. Our report shows that in every case detailed analysis of predisposing factors should be performed and appropriate diagnostic studies ordered, including the possible presence of other – less common – factors, e.g. defects in the gastrointestinal tract.

  3. Fungal urinary tract infection complicated by acute kidney injury in an infant with intestino-vesical fistula.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jakubowska, Anna; Kiliś-Pstrusińska, Katarzyna; Pukajło-Marczyk, Agnieszka; Samir, Sandra; Bagłaj, Maciej; Zwolińska, Danuta

    2013-08-02

    We report one infant, who in the course of therapy of bacterial urinary tract infection developed fungal UTI and acute kidney injury. It was caused by coexistence of well-known risk factors and additionally intestino-vesical fistula. Appropriate and timely introduced treatment with intravenous fluconazole proved to be therapeutic in the patient. Our report shows that in every case detailed analysis of predisposing factors should be performed and appropriate diagnostic studies ordered, including the possible presence of other - less common - factors, e.g. defects in the gastrointestinal tract.

  4. Acute Exacerbation of Chronic Rhinosinusitis (AECRS) with Orbital Complications in an Atrophic Rhinitis Patient: A Mere Co-incidence?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dutta, Mainak; Ghatak, Soumya

    2013-12-01

    Recurrent Acute Exacerbations of Chronic Rhinosinusitis (AECRS) in a setting of atrophic rhinitis are perplexing clinical situations. While either may act as the primary factor, repeated inflammation in a vessel-poor atrophied tissue is unusual. Progressive mucosal degeneration, vascularity and the effect of bacterial colonization are the factors suggested to play an important role for the pathobiogenesis of the co-existence of the two diseases. Through presentation of a case, a brief attempt has been made here to explore the temporal relationship between rhinosinusitis and atrophic rhinitis; in the process, other noteworthy features of the patient have also been highlighted.

  5. Evaluation of Endocrine Late Complications in Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Survivors: A Report of a Single-Center Experience and Review of the Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cengiz Bayram

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Improvement in long-term survival in patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL in childhood has led to the need for monitorization of treatment-related morbidity and mortality. In the current study, we aimed to evaluate endocrine side effects of treatment in ALL survivors who were in remission for at least 2 years. Materials and Methods: Sixty patients diagnosed with ALL, who were in remission for at least 2 years, were cross-sectionally evaluated for long-term endocrine complications. Results: The median age of the patients at the time of diagnosis, at the time of chemotherapy completion, and at the time of the study was 5 years (minimum-maximum: 1.7-13, 8 years (minimummaximum: 4.25-16, and 11.7 years (minimum-maximum: 7-22, respectively, and median follow-up time was 4 years (minimummaximum: 2-10.1. At least one complication was observed in 81.6% of patients. Vitamin D insufficiency/deficiency (46.6%, overweight/ obesity (33.3%, and dyslipidemia (23.3% were the three most frequent endocrine complications. Other complications seen in our patients were hyperparathyroidism secondary to vitamin D deficiency (15%, insulin resistance (11.7%, hypertension (8.3%, short stature (6.7%, thyroid function abnormality (5%, precocious puberty (3.3%, and decreased bone mineral density (1.7%. There were no statistically significant correlations between endocrine complications and age, sex, and radiotherapy, except vitamin D insufficiency/deficiency, which was significantly more frequent in pubertal ALL survivors compared to prepubertal ALL survivors (57.5% and 25%, respectively, p=0.011. Conclusion: A high frequency of endocrine complications was observed in the current study. The high frequency of late effects necessitates long-term surveillance of this population to better understand the incidence of late-occurring events and the defining of high-risk features that can facilitate developing intervention strategies for early detection and

  6. Severe Acute Pancreatitis with Complicating Colonic Fistula Successfully Closed Using the Over-the-Scope Clip System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ken Ito

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available A 44-year-old man presenting to our hospital emergency room with abdominal pain was hospitalized for hyperlipidemic acute pancreatitis. A pig-tail catheter was placed percutaneously to drain an abscess on day 22. Although the abscess improved gradually and good clinical progress was seen, pancreatic duct disruption was strongly suspected and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography was performed on day 90. An endoscopic nasopancreatic drainage tube was placed, but even with concurrent use of a somatostatin analogue, treatment was ineffective. Surgical treatment was elected, but was subsequently postponed as the abscess culture was positive for extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Drainage tubography showed a small fistula of the colon at the splenic flexure on day 140. Colonoscopy was performed on day 148. After indigo carmine had been injected, a fistula into the splenic flexure of the colon showed blue staining. The over-the-scope clip (OTSC system was used to seal the fistula and complete closure was shown. A liquid diet was started on day 159 and was smoothly upgraded to a full diet. Following removal of the pancreatic stent on day 180, drainage volume immediately decreased and the percutaneous drain was removed. On day 189, computed tomography showed no exacerbation of the abscess and the patient was discharged on day 194. This case of colonic fistula caused by severe acute pancreatitis was successfully treated using the OTSC system, avoiding the need for an open procedure.

  7. [Acute myeloid leukemia with monosomy 7 and inv(3)(q21q26.2) complicated with central diabetes insipidus].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nanno, Satoru; Hagihara, Kiyoyuki; Sakabe, Manami; Okamura, Hiroshi; Inaba, Akiko; Nagata, Yuki; Nishimoto, Mitsutaka; Koh, Hideo; Nakao, Yoshitaka; Nakane, Takahiko; Nakamae, Hirohisa; Shimono, Taro; Hino, Masayuki

    2013-04-01

    A 20-year-old female presented with thirst, polyposia, and polyuria and was referred to our hospital because of leukocytosis and anemia. Bone marrow aspiration revealed 66.8% myeloperoxidase-positive blasts and trilineage myelodysplasia. The karyotype was 45, XX, inv(3)(q21q26.2), -7[19]. Therefore, a diagnosis of AML with inv(3)(q21q26.2) complicated by -7 was made. Moreover, hyposthenuria and a low anti-diuretic hormone (ADH) level were observed. Although cerebrospinal fluid analysis was normal, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed the absence of hyperintensity in the neurohypophysis in T1-weighted images. Therefore, she was also diagnosed with diabetes insipidus. After she was administered a desmopressin nasal spray, the volume of urine produced decreased. Following treatment with second induction therapy containing high-dose cytarabine for AML, she achieved complete remission in the bone marrow. Moreover, when the abnormality on MRI and the volume of urine were normalized, she discontinued desmopressin. Although diabetes insipidus is a rare complication of AML, the majority of AML patients who have diabetes insipidus have the abnormal karyotypes with inv(3)(q21q26.2)/t(3;3)(q21;q26.2) and monosomy 7. Further study is required to clarify the pathogenesis and develop a strategy for the treatment of this category of AML.

  8. Point-of-Care Ultrasound in Necrotizing Acute Pancreatitis Complicated by Perforated Ileum Due to Nonocclusive Mesenteric Ischemia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sonia López-Cuenca

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Necrotizing acute pancreatitis is the most severe form of pancreatitis, and it is a potentially life-threatening condition. Its diagnosis and severity are based on radiological signs. Although computed tomography is the most used imaging tool, ultrasound can be a quick and useful technique in emergency and intensive care scenarios. The use of abdominal ultrasound is generally limited to ruling out cholecystitis. Bowel gas can limit the accuracy of pancreatic imaging. When the pancreas is visualized, ultrasound can reveal pancreatic enlargement, echotextural changes, and peripancreatic fluid. We present a patient with necrotizing pancreatitis who developed peritonitis due to ileal perforation, where the use of ultrasound as a bedside imaging technique was very useful.

  9. Urinary retention and acute kidney injury in a tetraplegic patient using condom catheter after partying: a preventable complication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vaidyanathan S

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Subramanian Vaidyanathan,1 Fahed Selmi,1 Peter L Hughes,2 Gurpreet Singh,3 Bakul M Soni11Regional Spinal Injuries Centre, 2Department of Radiology, 3Department of Urology, Southport and Formby District General Hospital, Town Lane, Southport, UKBackground: Spinal cord injury patients, who manage their bladder using a condom catheter, are at risk of developing urine retention when they consume large volumes of alcoholic drinks within a short period of time.Case presentation: A male tetraplegic patient had been managing satisfactorily penile sheath drainage for 8 years. He went out socializing during which he consumed large volumes of alcohol but did not take any recreational drugs. The following morning, he noticed distension of the lower abdomen and passed urine in dribbles. He then developed a temperature and became unwell. He was seen by district nurses and a doctor, who prescribed antibiotics. He continued to feel unwell. After 8 days, he referred himself to a spinal unit at Regional Spinal Injuries Centre, Southport. The blood test results showed the following: blood urea: 19.8 mmol/L; creatinine: 172 µmol/L; and C-reactive protein: 336.4 mg/L. Urethral catheterization led to immediate drainage of 1,400 mL of urine. A computed tomography scan revealed an enlarged, swollen left kidney, indicating acute bacterial nephritis. He was prescribed intravenous fluids and Meropenem. Creatinine decreased to 46 µmol/L.Conclusion: Spinal cord injury patients using condom catheters should be made aware of the risk of urine retention when they consume large amounts of alcoholic drinks in a short period of time. Patients and caregivers should be informed to consider intermittent catheterizations for 24–48 hours or insert indwelling urethral catheter when planning for an evening out.Keywords: spinal cord injury, tetraplegia, neuropathic urinary bladder, acute kidney injury 

  10. Successful management of acute thromboembolic disease complicated with heparin induced thrombocytopenia type II (HIT II: a case series

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Trellopoulos George

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia type II (HIT II is a rare immune-mediated complication of heparin. The diagnosis of HIT is considered in patients exposed to heparin, presenting with thrombocytopenia and thrombosis. We present two cases with massive pulmonary embolism and HIT, successfully treated with the administration of fondaparinux, an alternative anticoagulant, combined with the insertion of an inferior vena cava filter for the prevention of new thromboembolic events. The two cases supplement the available data of the use of fondaparinux in patients with HIT and pulmonary embolism, before further large studies establish its efficacy and safety in this group of patients. Moreover, the management of these patients reveals the need for future evaluation of the combined therapy of alternative anticoagulant agents with the placement of vena cava filters.

  11. Total Endovascular Treatment of Acute Non-A-non-B Dissection Complicated by Visceral Malperfusion without Primary Entry Tear Coverage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soler, Raphael J; Bartoli, Michel A; Simonet, Gaetan; Amabile, Philippe; Sarlon-Bartoli, Gabrielle; Magnan, Pierre-Edouard

    2017-11-01

    Management of visceral ischemia due to non-A, non-B dissection is extremely challenging due to the position of the primary entry tear at the level of the brachiocephalic vessels. We report on a patient who was admitted for a complicated non-A, non-B-type dissection with visceral and leg ischemia. A covered stent graft was implanted below the primary entry tear to redirect the flow in the true lumen, associated with stents implantation in the visceral arteries, to treat the dissection's static component. The patient did well, without need for bowel resection visceral or late stent restenosis. Stent-graft implantation below the primary entry tear in cases of visceral ischemia due to non-A, non-B dissection seems feasible. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. Comparison of complication rates of Hickman(®) catheters versus peripherally inserted central catheters in patients with acute myeloid leukemia undergoing induction chemotherapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lim, Ming Y; Al-Kali, Aref; Ashrani, Aneel A; Begna, Kebede H; Elliott, Michelle A; Hogan, William J; Hook, C Christopher; Kaufmann, Scott H; Letendre, Louis; Litzow, Mark R; Patnaik, Mrinal S; Pardanani, Animesh; Tefferi, Ayalew; Wolanskyj, Alexandra P; Grill, Diane E; Pruthi, Rajiv K

    2013-06-01

    Central venous access devices (CVADs) are used for intravenous therapy in patients with hematological malignancies. There are limited data comparing catheter outcomes in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) undergoing induction chemotherapy. A retrospective review comparing the incidence of early and late CVAD-associated complications and their effect on CVAD removal was performed in patients with AML undergoing induction chemotherapy between 2007 and 2011. Overall, 64 Hickman(®) catheters and 84 peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) were inserted. There was a trend toward increasing use of PICCs. The rate of CVAD occlusion was higher in PICCs compared to Hickman catheters (48.2% vs. 3.2%), for a rate of 20.43 vs. 1.25 per 1000 CVAD-days (p = 0.0001). There was no significant difference in the rates of CVAD-associated thrombosis, premature removal, blood stream infection (BSI) and CVAD-related BSI. Importantly, there was no significant difference in the rate of CVAD removal between Hickman catheters and PICCs for the duration that the CVADs were in place. The choice of type of CVAD inserted into patients with newly diagnosed AML will depend on ease of catheter placement, cost, perception of frequency and severity of complications, and clinician preference.

  13. THE EFFECT OF INTENSIVE GLYCEMIC CONTROL ON THE FACTORS DETERMINING PREDICTION COMPLICATIONS OF ACUTE MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION IN PATIENTS WITH TYPE 2 DIABETES

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    A. I. Fedotova

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. To determine predictors of complications of myocardial infarction (MI in patients with type 2 diabetes (2TDM and it’s value of intensive glycemic control during insulin infusion.Methods. The study included 112 patients with MI and 2TDM at first day of hospital admission with blood glucose level above 7.8 mmol/l. Prognosis of combined study endpoint included the death and ma-jor complications of MI for the hospital and long-term (6-month stages. The statistical analysis was per-formed (Statistica 6.0 for Windows. The predictive value was assessed with ROC-curves analysis meth-od.Results. Intensive glycemic control with insulin infusion reduced the activity of lipid peroxidation and improve prediction of study endpoint. Predictors of adverse hospital prognosis of MI in association with type 2 diabetes were hyperglycemia on admission above 10 mmol/l, and increase of C-peptide. The in-crease of C-peptide in the 1st and 7th day, hs-CRP on day 1, diene conjugates on the 7th day and glucose level on admission above 8.9 mmol/l (patients without 2TDM and 14.3 mmol/l (patients with 2TDM had the 6-month predictive value.Conclusion. The strict achievement of the target level of glucose in acute MI improves it’s prognosis at the hospital and at a 6-month prospective study.

  14. Treatment of Metformin Intoxication Complicated by Lactic Acidosis and Acute Kidney Injury: The Role of Prolonged Intermittent Hemodialysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Regolisti, Giuseppe; Antoniotti, Riccardo; Fani, Filippo; Greco, Paolo; Fiaccadori, Enrico

    2017-08-01

    Metformin intoxication with lactic acidosis, a potentially lethal condition, may develop in diabetic patients when the drug dose is inappropriate and/or its clearance is reduced. Diagnosis and therapy may be delayed due to nonspecific symptoms at presentation, with severe anion gap metabolic acidosis and elevated serum creatinine values being the most prominent laboratory findings. Confirmation requires measurement of serum metformin by high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry, but this technique is available only at specialized institutions and cannot be relied on as a guide to immediate treatment. Thus, based on strong clinical suspicion, renal replacement therapy must be started promptly to achieve efficient drug clearance and correct the metabolic acidosis. However, because metformin accumulates in the intracellular compartment with prolonged treatment, a rebound in serum concentrations due to redistribution is expected at the end of dialysis. We report a case of metformin intoxication, severe lactic acidosis, and acute kidney injury in a diabetic patient with pre-existing chronic kidney disease stage 3, treated effectively with sustained low-efficiency dialysis. We discuss the pathophysiology, differential diagnosis, and treatment options and highlight specific pharmacokinetic issues that should be considered in selecting the appropriate modality of renal replacement therapy. Copyright © 2017 National Kidney Foundation, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. Negative-pressure pulmonary edema complicated by acute respiratory distress syndrome in an orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus abelii).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kenny, David E; Knightly, Felicia; Haas, Bradley; Hergott, Lawrence; Kutinsky, Ilana; Eller, Jimmie L

    2003-12-01

    A 22-yr-old, 86-kg, morbidly obese female orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus abelii) was immobilized and transported to the Denver Zoological Gardens hospital for a routine physical examination. Immediately after arriving at the hospital, cyanosis and apparent inadequate ventilatory efforts were noted. Clinically significant hypoxia occurred despite attempts to ventilate the orangutan through face mask, and attempts to place an endotracheal tube began. A large volume of pink-tinged frothy fluid flowed from the trachea when the laryngoscope was inserted into the oropharynx. Severe pulmonary edema due to negative-pressure pulmonary edema, precipitating life-threatening hypoxia was suspected. The orangutan was maintained on a mechanical ventilator using the neuromuscular blocking agent cisatracurium besylate and sedation with periodic doses of isoflurane and midazolam for 48 hr. Positive end-expiratory pressure was used while the orangutan was ventilated mechanically to improve respiratory function. The edema and hypoxia improved, but respiratory arrest ensued 30 min after extubation, when the orangutan was removed from mechanical ventilation. Necropsy and histopathology demonstrated that serious lung injury had led to acute respiratory distress syndrome.

  16. High Degree Atrioventricular Block Complicating Acute Myocardial Infarction Treated with Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: Incidence, Predictors and Outcomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shacham, Yacov; Leshem-Rubinow, Eran; Steinvil, Arie; Keren, Gad; Roth, Arie; Arbel, Yaron

    2015-05-01

    In the era of primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI), information on the incidence and prognostic significance of high degree atrioventricular block (AVB) in ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients is limited. To assess the incidence, time of onset, predictors and prognostic significance of high degree AVB in a large cohort of consecutive STEMI patients undergoing PPCI. We retrospectively studied 1244 consecutive STEMI patients undergoing PPCI. Patient records were reviewed for the presence of high degree AVB, its time of occurrence and relation to in-hospital complications, as well as long-term mortality over a 5 year period. High degree AVB was present in 33 patients (3.0%), in 25 (76%) of whom the conduction disorder occurred prior to PPCI. Twelve patients (36%) required temporary pacing, all prior to or during coronary intervention, and all AVB resolved spontaneously before hospital discharge. AVB was associated with a significantly higher 30 day (15% vs. 2.0%, P = 0.001) and long-term mortality rate (30% vs. 6.0%, P < 0.001). Time of AVB had no effect on mortality. In a multivariate regression model, AVB emerged as an independent predictor for long-term mortality (hazard ratio 2.8, 95% confidence interval 1.20-6.44, P = 0.001). High degree AVB remains a significant prognostic marker in STEMI patients in the PPCI era, albeit transient.

  17. Complicaciones de las otitis medias agudas y crónicas en el niño Complications of acute and chronic otitis media in the child

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    Julianis Loraine Quintero Noa

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Gracias al descubrimiento de los antibióticos, la incidencia de complicaciones en las otitis medias agudas y crónicas ha descendido significativamente, aunque continúan siendo un peligro potencial de morbilidad y mortalidad. La disminución de las complicaciones puede condicionar retrasos diagnósticos por falta de sospecha clínica, enmascaramiento por tratamientos antibióticos previos y mal pronóstico, por lo cual siguen siendo procesos graves que ponen en peligro la vida del enfermo. Se definen actualmente con igual sistema de clasificación: extracraneales e intracraneales. Las primeras se subdividen en extratemporal e intratemporal, y constituyen un problema de salud en la población pediátrica a pesar del uso extendido de antibióticos. La evaluación clínico-otomicroscópica e imaginológica se reporta como criterio diagnóstico predictivo de sospecha y de confirmación. La parálisis facial, el vértigo, los vómitos, la cefalea, el dolor irradiado a la mastoides o a la región temporoparietal, y la hipertermia, deben alertar al médico sobre la presencia de una complicación supurada.Thanks to the discovery of antiobiotics, the incidence of complications in the chronic and acute otitis media has significantly decreased, though they remain a potential mortality and morbidity risk. The reduction of complications can be conditional on some diagnostic delays, on account of lack of clinical suspicions, symptoms disguised by previous antibiotic treatments and wrong prognosis; therefore, the complications continue to be severe processes that endanger the patient's life. They are currently classified as extracranial and intracranial. The former are divided into extratemporal and intratemporal and represent a health problem for the pediatric population despite the extended use of antibiotics. The clinical, otomicroscopic and imaging assessment is reported as a diagnostic criterion predictive of suspicions and of confirmation. Facial

  18. A CORRELATIONAL STUDY BETWEEN CHANGES IN SERUM ELECTROLYTES (NA, K, CL, MG AND ACUTE MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION COMPLICATION

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    Ketan Bharatbhai Parmar

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND The term "arrhythmia" refers to any change from the normal sequence of electrical impulses. The electrical impulses may happen too fast, too slowly or erratically causing the heart to beat too fast, too slowly or erratically. When the heart doesn't beat properly, it can't pump blood effectively. When the heart doesn't pump blood effectively, the lungs, brain and all other organs can't work properly and may shutdown or be damaged. Normally, the heart's most rapidly firing cells are in the sinus (or sino-atrial or SA node making that area a natural pacemaker. Under some conditions, almost all heart tissue can start an impulse of the type that can generate a heartbeat. Cells in the heart's conduction system can fire automatically and start electrical activity. This activity can interrupt the normal order of the heart's pumping activity. Secondary pacemakers elsewhere in the heart provide a "backup" rhythm when the sinus node doesn't work properly or when impulses are blocked somewhere in the conduction system. An arrhythmia occurs when the heart's natural pacemaker develops an abnormal rate or rhythm. The normal conduction pathway is interrupted. Another part of the heart takes over as pacemaker. The aim of the study is to observe the prevalence of various electrolyte (Na, K, Cl and Mg imbalances in complications of arrhythmias. MATERIALS AND METHODS This is a prospective study in which the patient admitted with signs and symptoms of cardiac arrhythmias diagnosed clinically, 100 cases were selected over 1 year. RESULTS The serum magnesium, sodium and potassium levels were significantly lower in the AMI patients at baseline and gradually becomes near normal on 4th day. K and Mg are showing significant difference between pre and post values in males and Mg show significant difference between pre and post values day 1 and day 5 in females with arrhythmia. CONCLUSION Persistent hyponatraemia is indication of worsening cardiac failure and

  19. Complicações orbitárias da rinossinusite aguda: uma nova classificação Orbital complications of acute rhinosinusitis: a new classification

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    Antonio Augusto Velasco e Cruz

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available A rinossinusite é uma doença potencialmente grave, e pode apresentar sérias complicações. As orbitárias são as mais freqüentes, graças às peculiaridades anatômicas desta região, podendo levar à morte em 5% dos casos. Os sintomas variam desde sinais flogísticos periorbitários até proptose do globo ocular, oftalmoplegia e amaurose. OBJETIVOS: Proposição de uma nova classificação para as complicações orbitárias das rinossinusites agudas. MATERIAL E MÉTODO: Revisão de TC e prontuários de 83 pacientes atendidos no Hospital das Clínicas da FMRP-USP, entre os anos de 1995 a 2005, com rinossinusites agudas complicadas. RESULTADOS: Após a revisão das TC e história clínica, foram identificadas em sessenta e seis pacientes, três tipos de complicações orbitárias: celulite orbitária (46,9%, abscesso subperiosteal (40,9% e abscesso orbitário (12,1%. Dezessete foram considerados como infecções palpebrais, ficando excluídos da nova classificação. CONCLUSÃO: As classificações das complicações orbitárias existentes na atualidade, como a de Chandler, não levam em conta os parâmetros anatômicos da órbita e tornaram-se obsoletas com o advento da TC. Este estudo propõe uma classificação mais concisa e objetiva que ajude a guiar a conduta terapêutica de forma mais linear.Rhinosinusitis is a severe sickness and may have serious complications. Orbital complications happen more often, due to anatomical particularities and are lethal in 5% of patients. They vary from inflammatory signs to proptosis, loss of ocular motility and blindness. AIM: We propose a new classification of acute rhinosinusitis complications. METHODS: A review of 83 patients with CT scan and clinical reports. Patients were evaluated at HCFMRP-USP between 1995 and 2005 and were diagnosed with complicated rhinosinusitis. RESULTS: In sixty-six patients, were identified three types of orbital complications: orbital cellulitis (46. 9%, subperiosteal

  20. Acute Renal Failure Secondary to Rhabdomyolysis as a Complication of Major Urological Surgery: The Experience of a High-Volume Urological Center.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Gracia-Nieto, Armando E; Angerri, Oriol; Bover, Jordi; Salas, Daniel; Villamizar, Juan Manuel; Villavicencio, Humberto

    The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of acute renal failure secondary to rhabdomyolysis (ARFSR) as a complication of major urological surgery (MUS), as well as to describe the clinical characteristics and identify possible risk and protective factors. Cases of ARFSR due to MUS between January 1997 and August 2011 were identified using the institutional database. The incidence was estimated and the clinical characteristics were analyzed using simple scatterplot graphs to identify possible risk and protective factors. In this period, 14,337 MUS procedures were performed, in which 4 cases suffered from ARFSR (the incidence rate was 0.03%). The incidence rates after radical cystectomy and urethroplasty were 0.26% (3/1,175 cases) and 0.15% (1/651 cases), respectively. No case of rhabdomyolysis was reported among the patients who underwent other major surgical procedures. Two patients required dialysis, and all 4 patients recovered to their baseline renal function at an average of 11 days (7-17) with the appropriate treatment. Male gender, younger age, lower ASA score, prolonged operative time, high body mass index, elevated preoperative serum creatinine and estimated blood loss were possible risk factors for developing ARFSR due to MUS. We found that a higher intraoperative administered volume was a possible protective factor. The operative position and type of surgery seemed to play minor roles. Early diagnosis and treatment possibly leads to an improved outcome. In our study, ARFSR due to MUS was a rare entity and had a good prognosis. It was more frequent as a complication of radical cystectomy. Further studies are required to confirm our findings. © 2016 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  1. Ceftazidime-avibactam Versus Doripenem for the Treatment of Complicated Urinary Tract Infections, Including Acute Pyelonephritis: RECAPTURE, a Phase 3 Randomized Trial Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wagenlehner, Florian M; Sobel, Jack D; Newell, Paul; Armstrong, Jon; Huang, Xiangning; Stone, Gregory G; Yates, Katrina; Gasink, Leanne B

    2016-09-15

    The global emergence of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae highlights the urgent need to reduce carbapenem dependence. The phase 3 RECAPTURE program compared the efficacy and safety of ceftazidime-avibactam and doripenem in patients with complicated urinary tract infection (cUTI), including acute pyelonephritis. Hospitalized adults with suspected or microbiologically confirmed cUTI/acute pyelonephritis were randomized 1:1 to ceftazidime-avibactam 2000 mg/500 mg every 8 hours or doripenem 500 mg every 8 hours (doses adjusted for renal function), with possible oral antibiotic switch after ≥5 days (total treatment duration up to 10 days or 14 days for patients with bacteremia). Of 1033 randomized patients, 393 and 417 treated with ceftazidime-avibactam and doripenem, respectively, were eligible for the primary efficacy analyses; 19.6% had ceftazidime-nonsusceptible baseline pathogens. Noninferiority of ceftazidime-avibactam vs doripenem was demonstrated for the US Food and Drug Administration co-primary endpoints of (1) patient-reported symptomatic resolution at day 5: 276 of 393 (70.2%) vs 276 of 417 (66.2%) patients (difference, 4.0% [95% confidence interval {CI}, -2.39% to 10.42%]); and (2) combined symptomatic resolution/microbiological eradication at test of cure (TOC): 280 of 393 (71.2%) vs 269 of 417 (64.5%) patients (difference, 6.7% [95% CI, .30% to 13.12%]). Microbiological eradication at TOC (European Medicines Agency primary endpoint) occurred in 304 of 393 (77.4%) ceftazidime-avibactam vs 296 of 417 (71.0%) doripenem patients (difference, 6.4% [95% CI, .33% to 12.36%]), demonstrating superiority at the 5% significance level. Both treatments showed similar efficacy against ceftazidime-nonsusceptible pathogens. Ceftazidime-avibactam had a safety profile consistent with that of ceftazidime alone. Ceftazidime-avibactam was highly effective for the empiric treatment of cUTI (including acute pyelonephritis), and may offer an alternative to carbapenems in

  2. Crisis management in the treatment of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia: putting right what can go wrong (emergency complications of disease and treatment).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hough, Rachael; Vora, Ajay

    2017-12-08

    The improvement in overall survival in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) over the last 5 decades has been considerable, with around 90% now surviving long term. The risk of relapse has been reduced to such an extent that the risk of treatment-related mortality is now approaching that of mortality caused by relapse. Toxicities may also lead to the suboptimal delivery of chemotherapy (treatment delays, dose reductions, dose omissions), potentially increasing relapse risk, and short- and long-term morbidity, adding to the "burden of therapy" in an increasing number of survivors. Thus, the need to reduce toxicity in pediatric ALL is becoming increasingly important. This work focuses on the risk factors, pathogenesis, clinical features, and emergency management of the life-threatening complications of ALL at presentation and during subsequent chemotherapy, including leucostasis, tumor lysis syndrome, infection, methotrexate encephalopathy, thrombosis, and pancreatitis. Potential strategies to abrogate these toxicities in the future are also discussed. © 2016 by The American Society of Hematology. All rights reserved.

  3. [Comparative evaluation of clinical efficacy of drugs remaxol and ademetionine in patients with acute ethanol poisoning complicated by the toxic damage of the liver].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shilov, V V; Shikalova, I A; Batotsyrenov, B V; Andrianov, A Iu; Vasil'ev, S A; Loladze, A T

    2012-04-01

    As a result of survey in process of treatment of 100 patients with severe acute poisoning of ethanol on the background of the toxic damage of the liver set that the severity of poisoning depends on the duration abuse of alcohol (Binge drinking). Inclusion in the intensive care infusion hepatoprotector remaxol compared with ademetionine leads to a faster dynamics of improvement of the patients condition, evaluated by the scale assessing the severity APACHE II. Also found, Use of remaxol can reduce development of complications such is alcoholic delirium on the background of long-term abuse of alcohol in percentage from 31.9% to 16%, as well as reduces the time of stay of patients in the departments of the resuscitation and intensive care unit from 7,3±0,6 to 5,6±0,3 days and duration of treatment of patients in the hospital from 11,8±1,1 to 9,0±0,4 days.

  4. Impact of Chemotherapy on Normal Tissue Complication Probability Models of Acute Hematologic Toxicity in Patients Receiving Pelvic Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bazan, Jose G.; Luxton, Gary; Kozak, Margaret M.; Anderson, Eric M.; Hancock, Steven L.; Kapp, Daniel S.; Kidd, Elizabeth A.; Koong, Albert C.; Chang, Daniel T., E-mail: dtchang@stanford.edu

    2013-12-01

    Purpose: To determine how chemotherapy agents affect radiation dose parameters that correlate with acute hematologic toxicity (HT) in patients treated with pelvic intensity modulated radiation therapy (P-IMRT) and concurrent chemotherapy. Methods and Materials: We assessed HT in 141 patients who received P-IMRT for anal, gynecologic, rectal, or prostate cancers, 95 of whom received concurrent chemotherapy. Patients were separated into 4 groups: mitomycin (MMC) + 5-fluorouracil (5FU, 37 of 141), platinum ± 5FU (Cis, 32 of 141), 5FU (26 of 141), and P-IMRT alone (46 of 141). The pelvic bone was contoured as a surrogate for pelvic bone marrow (PBM) and divided into subsites: ilium, lower pelvis, and lumbosacral spine (LSS). The volumes of each region receiving 5-40 Gy were calculated. The endpoint for HT was grade ≥3 (HT3+) leukopenia, neutropenia or thrombocytopenia. Normal tissue complication probability was calculated using the Lyman-Kutcher-Burman model. Logistic regression was used to analyze association between HT3+ and dosimetric parameters. Results: Twenty-six patients experienced HT3+: 10 of 37 (27%) MMC, 14 of 32 (44%) Cis, 2 of 26 (8%) 5FU, and 0 of 46 P-IMRT. PBM dosimetric parameters were correlated with HT3+ in the MMC group but not in the Cis group. LSS dosimetric parameters were well correlated with HT3+ in both the MMC and Cis groups. Constrained optimization (0complication probability curve compared with treatment with Cis. Dose tolerance of PBM and the LSS subsite may be lower for

  5. The impact of rickets on growth and morbidity during recovery among children with complicated severe acute malnutrition in Kenya: A cohort study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ngari, Moses M; Thitiri, Johnstone; Mwalekwa, Laura; Timbwa, Molline; Iversen, Per Ole; Fegan, Greg W; Berkley, James A

    2017-11-27

    The effects of rickets on children recovery from severe acute malnutrition (SAM) are unknown. Rickets may affect both growth and susceptibility to infectious diseases. We investigated the associations of clinically diagnosed rickets with life-threatening events and anthropometric recovery during 1 year following inpatient treatment for complicated SAM. This was a secondary analysis of clinical trial data among non-human immunodeficiency virus-infected Kenyan children with complicated SAM (2-59 months) followed for 1 year posthospital discharge (ClinicalTrials.gov ID NCT00934492). The outcomes were mortality, hospital readmissions, and growth during 12 months. The main exposure was clinically diagnosed rickets at baseline. Of 1,778 children recruited, 230 (12.9%, 95% CI [11.4, 14 .6]) had clinical signs of rickets at baseline. Enrolment at an urban site, height-for-age and head circumference-for-age z scores were associated with rickets. Rickets at study enrolment was associated with increased mortality (adjusted Hazard Ratio [aHR] 1.61, 95% CI [1.14, 2.27]), any readmission (aHR 1.37, 95% CI [1.09, 1.72]), readmission for severe pneumonia (aHR 1.37, 95% CI [1.05, 1.79]), but not readmission with diarrhoea (aHR 1.05, 95% CI [0.73, 1.51]). Rickets was associated with increased height gain (centimetres), adjusted regression coefficient 0.19 (95% CI [0.10, 0.28]), but not changes in head circumference, mid-upper arm circumference, or weight. Rickets was common among children with SAM at urban sites and associated with increased risks of severe pneumonia and death. Increased height gain may have resulted from vitamin D and calcium treatment. Future work should explore possibility of other concurrent micronutrient deficiencies and optimal treatment of rickets in this high-risk population. © 2017 The Authors. Maternal and Child Nutrition Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  6. Both Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency and Signs of Pancreatic Inflammation Are Prevalent in Children with Complicated Severe Acute Malnutrition: An Observational Study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bartels, Rosalie H.; Meyer, Sophie L.; Stehmann, Tijs A.; Bourdon, Céline; Bandsma, Robert H. J.; Voskuijl, Wieger P.

    2016-01-01

    Objectives To assess whether pancreatic function is impaired in children with severe acute malnutrition, is different between edematous vs nonedematous malnutrition, and improves by nutritional rehabilitation. Study design We followed 89 children with severe acute malnutrition admitted to Queen

  7. Both Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency and Signs of Pancreatic Inflammation Are Prevalent in Children with Complicated Severe Acute Malnutrition : An Observational Study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bartels, Rosalie H.; Meyer, Sophie L.; Stehmann, Tijs A.; Bourdon, Celine; Bandsma, Robert H. J.; Voskuijl, Wieger P.

    Objectives To assess whether pancreatic function is impaired in children with severe acute malnutrition, is different between edematous vs nonedematous malnutrition, and improves by nutritional rehabilitation. Study design We followed 89 children with severe acute malnutrition admitted to Queen

  8. Inflammatory cascades driven by tumor necrosis factor-alpha play a major role in the progression of acute liver failure and its neurological complications.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne Chastre

    Full Text Available Acute liver failure (ALF due to ischemic or toxic liver injury is a clinical condition that results from massive loss of hepatocytes and may lead to hepatic encephalopathy (HE, a serious neuropsychiatric complication. Although increased expression of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α in liver, plasma and brain has been observed, conflicting results exist concerning its roles in drug-induced liver injury and on the progression of HE. The present study aimed to investigate the therapeutic value of etanercept, a TNF-α neutralizing molecule, on the progression of liver injury and HE in mice with ALF resulting from azoxymethane (AOM hepatotoxicity.Mice were administered saline or etanercept (10 mg/kg; i.p. 30 minutes prior to, or up to 6 h after AOM. Etanercept-treated ALF mice were sacrificed in parallel with vehicle-treated comatose ALF mice and controls. AOM induced severe hepatic necrosis, leading to HE, and etanercept administered prior or up to 3 h after AOM significantly delayed the onset of coma stages of HE. Etanercept pretreatment attenuated AOM-induced liver injury, as assessed by histological examination, plasma ammonia and transaminase levels, and by hepatic glutathione content. Peripheral inflammation was significantly reduced by etanercept as shown by decreased plasma IL-6 (4.1-fold; p<0.001 and CD40L levels (3.7-fold; p<0.001 compared to saline-treated ALF mice. Etanercept also decreased IL-6 levels in brain (1.2-fold; p<0.05, attenuated microglial activation (assessed by OX-42 immunoreactivity, and increased brain glutathione concentrations.These results indicate that systemic sequestration of TNF-α attenuates both peripheral and cerebral inflammation leading to delayed progression of liver disease and HE in mice with ALF due to toxic liver injury. These results suggest that etanercept may provide a novel therapeutic approach for the management of ALF patients awaiting liver transplantation.

  9. Paraplegia aguda. Uma complicação rara da dissecção aórtica Acute paraplegia. A rare complication of aortic dissection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renato Côrtes de Lacerda

    1998-04-01

    Full Text Available Mulher normotensa de 67 anos desenvolveu síncope, seguida de choque, e, mesmo após estabilização hemodinâmica, permaneceu anúrica. Observaram-se paraplegia e paresia do membro superior direito, além de isquemia das extremidades distais dos membros inferiores. A hipótese de dissecção aórtica aguda foi considerada e confirmada através de tomografia computadorizada, tendo sido a paraplegia atribuída a infarto isquêmico da medula espinhal. Óbito ocorreu no 4º dia de evolução, conseqüente a tamponamento pericárdico. São revistas as dificuldades diagnósticas relacionadas a manifestações pouco conhecidas da dissecção aórtica, enfatizando-se, como complicação rara, a paraplegia aguda.A 67 year-old normotensive woman had a syncope followed by shock and remained anuric after hemodynamic stabilization. Paraplegia and paresis of the right upper limb, as well as signs of ischemia of the distal lower limbs were noted. The possibility of acute aortic dissection was raised and confirmed by computed tomography. The paraplegia was attributed to an ischemic infarction of the spinal cord. The patient died on the fourth hospital day due to a pericardial tamponade. This rare and not well recognized complication of aortic dissection is briefly reviewed.

  10. Case report of a 3-year-old girl with pleuropulmonary blastoma and family history of a tumor predisposition syndrome with c. 2830 gene mutation in DICER1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Y. Puckett

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Pleuropulmonary blastoma (PPB is a childhood mesenchymal pleural-based tumor that is associated with a germline mutation in DICER1 gene in familial PPB. It occurs most commonly in children between the ages of 2 and 5. Approximately 25% of patients have familial cancer syndrome which can include different combinations of PPB, lung cysts, thyroid tumors, cystic nephroma, Wilms tumor, embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma, ovarian Sertoli-Leydig cell tumors, juvenile granulosa cell tumor, gynandroblastoma, medulloblastoma, other childhood central nervous system tumors, nasal chondral mesenchymal hamartoma, and small bowel polyps. Our case report presents a child diagnosed with PPB with maternal history of bilateral ovarian Sertoli-Leydig cell tumors and papillary carcinoma of the thyroid. Molecular analysis performed on the patient and mother showed a specific gene change (c. 2830 in the DICER1 gene. The patient underwent surgical resection of the tumor and five cycles of chemotherapy. Despite this aggressive treatment, she eventually succumbed to brain metastases and was made comfort care after suffering a massive brain hemorrhage several months after the initial diagnosis of her disease.

  11. [Effects of lung protective ventilation strategy combined with lung recruitment maneuver on patients with severe burn complicated with acute respiratory distress syndrome].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Xiaojian; Zhong, Xiaomin; Deng, Zhongyuan; Zhang Xuhui; Zhang, Zhi; Zhang, Tao; Tang, Wenbin; Chen, Bib; Liu, Changling; Cao, Wenjuan

    2014-08-01

    To investigate the effects of lung protective ventilation strategy combined with lung recruitment maneuver on ARDS complicating patients with severe burn. Clinical data of 15 severely burned patients with ARDS admitted to our burn ICU from September 2011 to September 2013 and conforming to the study criteria were analyzed. Right after the diagnosis of acute lung injury/ARDS, patients received mechanical ventilation with lung protective ventilation strategy. When the oxygenation index (OI) was below or equal to 200 mmHg (1 mmHg = 0. 133 kPa), lung recruitment maneuver was performed combining incremental positive end-expiratory pressure. When OI was above 200 mmHg, lung recruitment maneuver was stopped and ventilation with lung protective ventilation strategy was continued. When OI was above 300 mmHg, mechanical ventilation was stopped. Before combining lung recruitment maneuver, 24 h after combining lung recruitment maneuver, and at the end of combining lung recruitment maneuver, variables of blood gas analysis (pH, PaO2, and PaCO2) were obtained by blood gas analyzer, and the OI values were calculated; hemodynamic parameters including heart rate, mean arterial pressure (MAP), central venous pressure (CVP) of all patients and the cardiac output (CO), extravascular lung water index (EVLWI) of 4 patients who received pulse contour cardiac output (PiCCO) monitoring were monitored. Treatment measures and outcome of patients were recorded. Data were processed with analysis of variance of repeated measurement of a single group and LSD test. (1) Before combining lung recruitment maneuver, 24 h after combining lung recruitment maneuver, and at the end of combining lung recruitment maneuver, the levels of PaO2 and OI of patients were respectively (77 ± 8), (113 ± 5), (142 ± 6) mmHg, and (128 ± 12), (188 ± 8), (237 ± 10) mmHg. As a whole, levels of PaO2 and OI changed significantly at different time points (with F values respectively 860. 96 and 842. 09, P values below

  12. Complications of nephrotic syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Se Jin; Shin, Jae Il

    2011-08-01

    Nephrotic syndrome (NS) is one of the most common glomerular diseases that affect children. Renal histology reveals the presence of minimal change nephrotic syndrome (MCNS) in more than 80% of these patients. Most patients with MCNS have favorable outcomes without complications. However, a few of these children have lesions of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, suffer from severe and prolonged proteinuria, and are at high risk for complications. Complications of NS are divided into two categories: disease-associated and drug-related complications. Disease-associated complications include infections (e.g., peritonitis, sepsis, cellulitis, and chicken pox), thromboembolism (e.g., venous thromboembolism and pulmonary embolism), hypovolemic crisis (e.g., abdominal pain, tachycardia, and hypotension), cardiovascular problems (e.g., hyperlipidemia), acute renal failure, anemia, and others (e.g., hypothyroidism, hypocalcemia, bone disease, and intussusception). The main pathomechanism of disease-associated complications originates from the large loss of plasma proteins in the urine of nephrotic children. The majority of children with MCNS who respond to treatment with corticosteroids or cytotoxic agents have smaller and milder complications than those with steroid-resistant NS. Corticosteroids, alkylating agents, cyclosporin A, and mycophenolate mofetil have often been used to treat NS, and these drugs have treatment-related complications. Early detection and appropriate treatment of these complications will improve outcomes for patients with NS.

  13. Complications of nephrotic syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Se Jin Park

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Nephrotic syndrome (NS is one of the most common glomerular diseases that affect children. Renal histology reveals the presence of minimal change nephrotic syndrome (MCNS in more than 80% of these patients. Most patients with MCNS have favorable outcomes without complications. However, a few of these children have lesions of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, suffer from severe and prolonged proteinuria, and are at high risk for complications. Complications of NS are divided into two categories: disease-associated and drug-related complications. Disease-associated complications include infections (e.g., peritonitis, sepsis, cellulitis, and chicken pox, thromboembolism (e.g., venous thromboembolism and pulmonary embolism, hypovolemic crisis (e.g., abdominal pain, tachycardia, and hypotension, cardiovascular problems (e.g., hyperlipidemia, acute renal failure, anemia, and others (e.g., hypothyroidism, hypocalcemia, bone disease, and intussusception. The main pathomechanism of disease-associated complications originates from the large loss of plasma proteins in the urine of nephrotic children. The majority of children with MCNS who respond to treatment with corticosteroids or cytotoxic agents have smaller and milder complications than those with steroid-resistant NS. Corticosteroids, alkylating agents, cyclosporin A, and mycophenolate mofetil have often been used to treat NS, and these drugs have treatment-related complications. Early detection and appropriate treatment of these complications will improve outcomes for patients with NS.

  14. Complications of mechanical ventilation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Drašković Biljana

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Mechanical ventilation of the lungs, as an important therapeutic measure, cannot be avoided in critically ill patients. However, when machines take over some of vital functions there is always a risk of complications and accidents. Complications associated with mechanical ventilation can be divided into: 1 airway-associated complications; 2 complications in the response of patients to mechanical ventilation; and 3 complications related to the patient’s response to the device for mechanical ventilation. Complications of artificial airway may be related to intubation and extubation or the endotracheal tube. Complications of mechanical ventilation, which arise because of the patient’s response to mechanical ventilation, may primarily cause significant side effects to the lungs. During the last two decades it was concluded that mechanical ventilation can worsen or cause acute lung injury. Mechanical ventilation may increase the alveolar/capillary permeability by overdistension of the lungs (volutrauma, it can exacerbate lung damage due to the recruitment/derecruitment of collapsed alveoli (atelectrauma and may cause subtle damages due to the activation of inflammatory processes (biotrauma. Complications caused by mechanical ventilation, beside those involving the lungs, can also have significant effects on other organs and organic systems, and can be a significant factor contributing to the increase of morbidity and mortality in critically ill of mechanically ventilated patients. Complications are fortunately rare and do not occur in every patient, but due to their seriousness and severity they require extensive knowledge, experience and responsibility by health-care workers.

  15. Pregnancy Complications

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... To receive Pregnancy email updates Enter email Submit Pregnancy complications Complications of pregnancy are health problems that ... pregnancy. Expand all | Collapse all Health problems before pregnancy Before pregnancy, make sure to talk to your ...

  16. Dialysis complications in acute kidney injury patients treated with prolonged intermittent renal replacement therapy sessions lasting 10 versus 6 hours: results of a randomized clinical trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albino, Bianca Ballarin; Balbi, André Luis; Abrão, Juliana Maria Gera; Ponce, Daniela

    2015-05-01

    Prolonged intermittent renal replacement therapy (PIRRT) has emerged as an alternative to continuous renal replacement therapy in the management of acute kidney injury (AKI) patients. This trial aimed to compare the dialysis complications occurring during different durations of PIRRT sessions in critically ill AKI patients. We included patients older than 18 years with AKI associated with sepsis admitted to the intensive care unit and using noradrenaline doses ranging from 0.3 to 0.7 µg/kg/min. Patients were divided into two groups randomly: in G1, 6-h sessions were performed, and in G2, 10-h sessions were performed. Seventy-five patients were treated with 195 PIRRT sessions for 18 consecutive months. The prevalence of hypotension, filter clotting, hypokalemia, and hypophosphatemia was 82.6, 25.3, 20, and 10.6%, respectively. G1 was composed of 38 patients treated with 100 sessions, whereas G2 consisted of 37 patients treated with 95 sessions. G1 and G2 were similar in male predominance (65.7 vs. 75.6%, P = 0.34), age (63.6 ± 14 vs. 59.9 ± 15.5 years, P = 0.28) and Sequential Organ Failure Assessment score (SOFA; 13.1 ± 2.4 vs. 14.2 ± 3.0, P = 0.2). There was no significant difference between the two groups in hypotension (81.5 vs. 83.7%, P = 0.8), filter clotting (23.6 vs. 27%, P = 0.73), hypokalemia (13.1 vs. 8.1%, P = 0.71), and hypophosphatemia (18.4 vs. 21.6%, P = 0.72). However, the group treated with sessions of 10 h were refractory to clinical measures for hypotension, and dialysis sessions were interrupted more often (9.5 vs. 30.1%, P = 0.03). Metabolic control and fluid balance were similar between G1 and G2 (blood urea nitrogen [BUN]: 81 ± 30 vs. 73 ± 33 mg/dL, P = 1.0; delivered Kt/V: 1.09 ± 0.24 vs. 1.26 ± 0.26, P = 0.09; actual ultrafiltration: 1731 ± 818 vs. 2332 ± 947 mL, P = 0.13) and fluid balance (-731 ± 125 vs. -652 ± 141

  17. Normal tissue complication models for clinically relevant acute esophagitis (≥ grade 2) in patients treated with dose differentiated accelerated radiotherapy (DART-bid).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zehentmayr, Franz; Söhn, Matthias; Exeli, Ann-Katrin; Wurstbauer, Karl; Tröller, Almut; Deutschmann, Heinz; Fastner, Gerd; Fussl, Christoph; Steininger, Philipp; Kranzinger, Manfred; Belka, Claus; Studnicka, Michael; Sedlmayer, Felix

    2015-05-28

    One of the primary dose-limiting toxicities during thoracic irradiation is acute esophagitis (AE). The aim of this study is to investigate dosimetric and clinical predictors for AE grade ≥ 2 in patients treated with accelerated radiotherapy for locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). 66 NSCLC patients were included in the present analysis: 4 stage II, 44 stage IIIA and 18 stage IIIB. All patients received induction chemotherapy followed by dose differentiated accelerated radiotherapy (DART-bid). Depending on size (mean of three perpendicular diameters) tumors were binned in four dose groups: 6 cm 90 Gy. Patients were treated in 3D target splitting technique. In order to estimate the normal tissue complication probability (NTCP), two Lyman models and the cutoff-logistic regression model were fitted to the data with AE ≥ grade 2 as statistical endpoint. Inter-model comparison was performed with the corrected Akaike information criterion (AICc), which calculates the model's quality of fit (likelihood value) in relation to its complexity (i.e. number of variables in the model) corrected by the number of patients in the dataset. Toxicity was documented prospectively according to RTOG. The median follow up was 686 days (range 84-2921 days), 23/66 patients (35 %) experienced AE ≥ grade 2. The actuarial local control rates were 72.6 % and 59.4 % at 2 and 3 years, regional control was 91 % at both time points. The Lyman-MED model (D50 = 32.8 Gy, m = 0.48) and the cutoff dose model (Dc = 38 Gy) provide the most efficient fit to the current dataset. On multivariate analysis V38 (volume of the esophagus that receives 38 Gy or above, 95 %-CI 28.2-57.3) was the most significant predictor of AE ≥ grade 2 (HR = 1.05, CI 1.01-1.09, p = 0.007). Following high-dose accelerated radiotherapy the rate of AE ≥ grade 2 is slightly lower than reported for concomitant radio-chemotherapy with the additional benefit of markedly

  18. [Complications of cocaine addiction].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karila, Laurent; Lowenstein, William; Coscas, Sarah; Benyamina, Amine; Reynaud, Michel

    2009-06-20

    Addiction is a chronic relapsing disorder characterized by repetitive and compulsive drug-seeking behavior and drug abuse despite negative health or social consequences. Cocaine addiction is a significant worldwide public health problem, which has somatic, psychological, psychiatric, socio-economic and judicial complications. Some of the most frequent complications are cardiovascular effects (acute coronary syndrome, cardiac arrhythmias, increased blood pressure); respiratory effects (fibrosis, interstitial pneumonitis, pulmonary hypertension, alveolar haemorrhage, asthma exacerbation; emphysema), neurological effects (strokes, aneurysms, seizures, headaches); risk for contracting HIV/AIDS, hepatitis B and C, sexual transmitted disease and otolaryngologic effects. Other complications are not discussed here. The vast majority of studies indicate that there are cognitive deficits induced by cocaine addiction. Attention, visual and working memories, executive functioning are affected in cocaine users. Psychiatric complications found in clinical practice are major depressive disorders, cocaine-induced paranoia, cocaine-induced compulsive foraging and panic attacks.

  19. Gastrostomy Tube Placement by Radiological versus Endoscopic Methods in an Acute Care Setting: A Retrospective Review of Frequency, Indications, Complications and Outcomes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amy Galaski

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: To describe the current practice of placing gastrostomy tubes (endoscopic and radiological, patient characteristics, indications for enteral support, complications and outcomes over a 13-month period, and explore factors that influenced complications and outcomes. Second, to provide Canadian data regarding feeding tube placement because no current literature reflecting these practices for Canadian hospitals is available.

  20. Role of genetic factors in the development of metabolic and immune response in the cases of acute respiratory infections complicated by pneumonia in the conditions of the far north in various ethnic groups

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. V. Ivanova

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This is the first-time comparison of pneumonia course severity in two different ethnic groups of children in the conditions of the Far North with the account of acetylatory phenotype and intensity of free-adical oxidation. Genetic polymorphism on activity of N-cetyltransferase (N-АТ enzyme is present in the majority of human populations as some have fast and others slow form of enzyme. According to this there are phenotypically distinguished people with slow and fast acetylatory phenotype, so-called slow and fast acetylators (SА and FА. SА-сhildren are to a greater degree the subject  to complications in the cases of infectious diseases and do not easily response to therapies. The purpose of our research was to estimate the value of acetylatory phenotype of a child during the development of an acute respiratory infection complicated by pneumonia in both populations of children of Sakha Republic (native population – Yakuts and arrived population – Russians. There has been performed the examination of 112 children with acute respiratory infections complicated by pneumonia, and 49 practically healthy ones in the conditions of the Far North (Sakha. It is demonstrated that both Yakuts and Russians have to fight with pneumonia by free-radical oxidation activation (at the expense of “respiratory burst” reactions. It has been revealed that in the conditions of the Far North both hormones of stress, cortisol and somatotropic hormone work actively. The level of growth hormone was 2 times higher even in healthy Russian children to compare with Yakuts, (the level of growth hormone was 1,5 times higher among FА comparing with SА. The subpopulation structure of blood lymphocytes in SА-patients to a less degree depends on the intensity of free-radical oxidation to compare with FA-patients, especially in Yakuts population. Two independent parameters – speed of acetylation and free-radical oxidation

  1. Sinogenic intracranial complications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kofoed, Mikkel Seremet; Fisker, Niels; Christensen, Anne Estmann

    2018-01-01

    and subcortical abscesses in combination with sinusitis. She was treated with endoscopic sinus surgery and intravenous antibiotics. Both patients had developed psoriasis and episodes of infection during treatment. They were non-septic and had low fever on presentation. None of the patients suffered any long......We present two 11-year-old girls with chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis, treated with adalimumab. Both developed severe intracranial complications to sinusitis. Patient 1 had been treated with adalimumab for 15 months when she developed acute sinusitis complicated by an orbital abscess...

  2. Local complications

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van den Akker, H.P.; Baart, J.A.; Baart, J.A.; Brand, H.S.

    2017-01-01

    Local anaesthesia is frequently used in dentistry and seldom leads to serious local complications. Nevertheless, it is of great importance to be aware of the causes of each local complication and – if necessary – implement correct treatment. The patient must be informed extensively and, if

  3. Gastrointestinal complications in renal transplantation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamal Jeet Singh

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Gastrointestinal complications are responsible for substantial morbidity and mortality among renal allograft recipients. We retrospectively analyzed incidence of these complications and their impact on the patient outcome. Materials & Methods: Between 1998 to Aug 2002, 558 live related renal transplants were performed at our center. The immunosuppression used consisted mainly of cyclosporine, azathioprine and prednisolone, though varied in some patients. These patients were followed for any occurrence of significant gastrointestinal problems. Results: Out of the of 538 renal transplant recipients studied, gastro esophageal ulcerations were seen in 3% patients. Acute pancreatitis was observed in twelve (2.2% patients and four patients had acute intestinal obstruction secondary to fecal impaction. Infectious complications included acute diarrheas in 18% of patients. Three patients developed abdominal tuberculosis. Acute rejection episodes were encountered in 26% of the patients. During these episodes, 58% of patients experienced prolonged ileus. Most of these complications (66% occurred within first one-year post transplant. Three patients presenting with acute intestinal obstruction required laparotomy (two- bands, one-intussusception. There were four mortalities -two patients had severe pancreatitis, one patient had massive upper GI bleed and one succumbed due to perforation peritonitis. Conclusions: Gastrointestinal complications account for significant morbidity and mortality in renal transplant recipients. Paralytic ileus secondary to acute vascular rejection is quite common and resolves spontaneously with recovery of renal function.

  4. The Effect of National Service on Metabolic Control, Weight Status and Incidence of Acute Diabetes Complications in Young Adults with Type 1 Diabetes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brener, Avivit; Mel, Eran; Shalitin, Shlomit; Lazar, Liora; de Vries, Liat; Tenenbaum, Ariel; Oron, Tal; Farfel, Alon; Phillip, Moshe; Lebenthal, Yael

    2016-07-01

    Patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D) are exempt from conscript military service, but some volunteer for national service. To evaluate the effect of national service (military or civil) on metabolic control and incidence of acute diabetes complications in young adults with T1D. Clinical and laboratory data of 145 T1D patients were retrieved from medical records. The cohort comprised 76 patients volunteering for national service and 69 non-volunteers. Outcome measures were HbA1c, body mass index-standard deviation scores (BMI-SDS), insulin dosage, and occurrence of severe hypoglycemia or diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). Metabolic control was similar in volunteers and non-volunteers: mean HbA1c at various time points was: 7.83 ± 1.52% vs. 8.07% ± 1.63 one year before enlistment age, 7.89 ± 1.36% vs. 7.93 ± 1.42% at enlistment age, 7.81 ± 1.28% vs. 8.00 ± 1.22% one year thereafter, 7.68 ± 0.88% vs. 7.82 ± 1.33% two years thereafter, and 7.62 ± 0.80% vs. 7.79 ± 1.19% three years thereafter. There were no significant changes in HbA1c from baseline throughout follow-up. BMI and insulin requirements were similar and remained unchanged in volunteers and controls: mean BMI-SDS one year before enlistment age was 0.23 ± 0.83 vs. 0.29 ± 0.95, at enlistment age 0.19 ± 0.87 vs. 0.25 ± 0.98, one year thereafter 0.25 ± 0.82 vs. 0.20 ± 0.96, two years thereafter 0.10 ± 0.86 vs. 0.15 ± 0.94, and three years thereafter 0.20 ± 0.87 vs. 0.16 ± 0.96. Mean insulin dose in U/kg/day one year before enlistment age was 0.90 ± 0.23 vs. 0.90 ± 0.37, at enlistment age 0.90 ± 0.28 vs. 0.93 ± 0.33, one year thereafter 0.86 ± 0.24 vs. 0.95 ± 0.33, two years thereafter 0.86 ± 0.21 vs. 0.86 ± 0.29, and three years thereafter 0.87 ± 0.23 vs. 0.86 ± 0.28. There were no episodes of severe hypoglycemia or DKA in either group. Our data indicate that during voluntary national service young adults with T1D maintain metabolic control similar to that of non-volunteers.

  5. Acute presentation of gestational diabetes insipidus with pre-eclampsia complicated by cerebral vasoconstriction: a case report and review of the published work.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mor, Amir; Fuchs, Yael; Zafra, Kathleen; Haberman, Shoshana; Tal, Reshef

    2015-08-01

    Gestational diabetes insipidus (GDI) is a rare, self-limited complication of pregnancy. As it is related to excess placental vasopressinase enzyme activity, which is metabolized in the liver, GDI is more common in pregnancies complicated by conditions associated with liver dysfunction. We present a case of a 41-year-old woman at 38 weeks' gestation who presented with pre-eclampsia with severe features, including impaired liver function and renal insufficiency. Following cesarean section she was diagnosed with GDI, which was further complicated by cerebral vasoconstriction as demonstrated by magnetic resonance angiography. This case raises the possibility that cerebral vasoconstriction may be related to the cause of GDI. A high index of suspicion of GDI should be maintained in patients who present with typical signs and symptoms, especially in the setting of pregnancy complications associated with liver dysfunction. © 2015 The Authors. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research © 2015 Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology.

  6. Acute mastoiditis in children

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Anthonsen, Kristian; Høstmark, Karianne; Hansen, Søren

    2013-01-01

    Conservative treatment of acute otitis media may lead to more complications. This study evaluates changes in incidence, the clinical and microbiological findings, the complications and the outcome of acute mastoiditis in children in a country employing conservative guidelines in treating acute...

  7. Rationale, design and organization of the delayed antibiotic prescription (DAP) trial: a randomized controlled trial of the efficacy and safety of delayed antibiotic prescribing strategies in the non-complicated acute respiratory tract infections in general practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    Background Respiratory tract infections are an important burden in primary care and it’s known that they are usually self-limited and that antibiotics only alter its course slightly. This together with the alarming increase of bacterial resistance due to increased use of antimicrobials calls for a need to consider strategies to reduce their use. One of these strategies is the delayed prescription of antibiotics. Methods Multicentric, parallel, randomised controlled trial comparing four antibiotic prescribing strategies in acute non-complicated respiratory tract infections. We will include acute pharyngitis, rhinosinusitis, acute bronchitis and acute exacerbation of chronic bronchitis or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (mild to moderate). The therapeutic strategies compared are: immediate antibiotic treatment, no antibiotic treatment, and two delayed antibiotic prescribing (DAP) strategies with structured advice to use a course of antibiotics in case of worsening of symptoms or not improving (prescription given to patient or prescription left at the reception of the primary care centre 3 days after the first medical visit). Discussion Delayed antibiotic prescription has been widely used in Anglo-Saxon countries, however, in Southern Europe there has been little research about this topic. The DAP trial wil evaluate two different delayed strategies in Spain for the main respiratory infections in primary care. Trial registration This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number http://NCT01363531. PMID:23682979

  8. Portal vein thrombosis complicating appendicitis | Ayantunde | West ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Appendicitis is still the most common acute surgical abdomen all over the world and its complications may be grave. We report an adult case of acute appendicitis complicated by Portal Vein Thrombosis (PVT) and ascending portomesenteric phlebitis treated successfully with antibiotics and anticoagulation with no residual ...

  9. Diphtheria Complications

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Search Form Controls Cancel Submit Search The CDC Diphtheria Note: Javascript is disabled or is not supported ... message, please visit this page: About CDC.gov . Diphtheria Home About Diphtheria Causes and Transmission Symptoms Complications ...

  10. Complicated Pancreatitis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bakker, O.J.

    2015-01-01

    Research questions addressed in this thesis: What is the accuracy of serum blood urea nitrogen as early predictor of complicated pancreatitis? ; What is difference in clinical outcome between patients with pancreatic parenchymal necrosis and patients with extrapancreatic necrosis without necrosis

  11. The role of renal scintigraphy in the diagnosis and follow-up of unilateral ATN after complete bilateral distal ureteral obstruction as a complication of acute appendicitis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tiel-van Buul, M. M.; Aronson, D. C.; Groothoff, J. W.; van Baren, R.; Frenkel, J.; van Royen, E. A.

    1998-01-01

    Acute anuria due to bilateral distal ureteral obstruction developed in two boys, ages 7 and 13, several days after appendectomy, without sonographic signs of hydronephrosis or hydroureters. Decompression was achieved after introduction of ureteric stents. This failed on the left side in one patient,

  12. Enteral nutrition and the risk of mortality and infectious complications in patients with severe acute pancreatitis: a meta-analysis of randomized trials

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Petrov, Maxim S.; van Santvoort, Hjalmar C.; Besselink, Marc G. H.; van der Heijden, Geert J. M. G.; Windsor, John A.; Gooszen, Hein G.

    2008-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of enteral vs parenteral nutrition in patients with severe acute pancreatitis for clinically relevant outcomes. DATA SOURCES: A computerized literature search was performed in the MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane databases for articles published from January 1, 1966,

  13. [Orbital complications of rhinosinusitis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stojanović, J; Ilić, N; Belić, B; Zivić, L; Stanković, P; Erdevicki, L; Jovanović, S

    2009-01-01

    Orbital complications were observed in 53 patients (1.35%, n=53/3912 of all treated patients; 11.04%, n= 53/480 of hospitalized patients). Complications in the orbit can occur in 3-5% of adults with the inflammatory condition of sinuses, while the percentage in children ranges from 0.5-8%. The objective of our work was to determine the frequency of the occurence of orbital complications of the rhinosinal inflammatory origin in a group of adults and children. The retrospective analysis of patients treated of rhinosinusitis in the period 1992 to 2007, in the Clinical Center in Kragujevac. In the period of 15 years, a total number of 3912 patients were treated for inflamatory conditions of paranasal cavities. Orbital complications were found in 53 patients (1.35%, n=53/3912 of all treated patients). The number of children showing orbital complications caused by rhinosinusitis was 0.79%, while the number of adults was 1,88%. Acute rhinosinusitis in children was manifested as orbital complication in 14 patients (n=14/15, 93.33%), while 33 adults (n=33/38, 86.84%) had the exarcerbation of the chronic rhinosinusitis at the time of diagnosis of orbital complication. 80% of examined children had the maxillary and ethmoid sinus infected (n=12/15), while the adults most often had polysinusitis (n=22/38, 57.89%). In the juvenile age the most frequent complication was the cellulitis of the orbite (n=7/15, 46.66%), while in the adults it was the subperiostal absces (n=14/38, 36.84%). The adults were mostly treated surgically (n=31/38, 81.58%), while the children were treated by using conservative treatment (n=13/15, 86.67%). There were no cases of mortality. The prevention of complications is based on the adequate and timely treatment of acute sinusitis in children, as well as the curative treatment of chronical processes in adults.

  14. Emergency Use of Stent and rtPA with Mechanical Cloth Defragmentation for a Thromboembolic Complication during GDC Coil Treatment of an Acutely Ruptured Basilar Tip Aneurysm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poncyljusz, W; Falkowski, A; Kojder, I; Sagan, L

    2006-11-30

    Thrombotic occlusion of both posterior cerebral arteries occurred during embolization of an acutely ruptured basilar tip aneurysm. Intracranial stenting and continuous superselective infusion of rtPA was administered combined with mechanical clot fragmentation to reestablish normal vessel flow. DSA disclosed that normal vessel patency was achieved within 30 min. There were no adverse events related to rtPA administration and the patient recovered from the embolization with minor neurologic deficit as present before the procedure.

  15. Complicated Grief

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... that may increase the risk of developing complicated grief include: An unexpected or violent death, such as death from a car accident, or the murder or suicide of a loved one Death of a child Close or dependent relationship to the deceased person Social isolation or loss ...

  16. Complicated rhinosinusitis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hansen, F.S.

    2016-01-01

    Complicated rhinosinusitis: a title chosen for its multi-interpretable nature. In the Oxford dictionary ‘complicated’ is defined as ‘consisting of many interconnecting parts or elements’ and ‘involving many different and confusing aspects’ as well as ‘involving complications’ in medicine. It is the

  17. Reverse shoulder arthroplasty for acute proximal humeral fractures in the geriatric patient: results, health-related quality of life and complication rates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopiz, Yaiza; García-Coiradas, Javier; Serrano-Mateo, Laura; García-Fernández, Carlos; Marco, Fernando

    2016-04-01

    Reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) in fractures is especially indicated in patients of advanced age, although the influence of age on functional outcomes, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and complication rate is unknown. We hypothesized that complication rate would decrease in the geriatric population because of their reduced activity, improving the perceived HRQoL. Retrospective study of 42 patients with proximal humeral fractures treated with RSA, divided into two groups: Patients in the ≥80y group had a lower total CMS, 33 vs 64 (p = 0.027). Mean active range of motion at 24 months 80y group was the most affected. The "pain/discomfort" item was lower for the two age groups than for the reference population. There were 9.5 % complications: one prosthesis dislocation, one periprosthetic fracture and two surgical wound haematoma. Our results indicate that age is a critical factor for RSA success. Lower functional outcomes have been obtained in patients older than 80y, although the EQ-5D results in our sample were similar or even better than the referred population. Level III.

  18. Dengue fever complicated by hemophagocytosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koshy, Maria; Mishra, Ajay Kumar; Agrawal, Bhumi; Kurup, Akhil Rajendra; Hansdak, Samuel George

    2016-01-01

    Dengue is a common acute viral febrile illness in the tropics. Although the usual presentation is that of a self-limiting illness, its complications are protean. We report a 29-year-old man who presented with an acute febrile illness and was diagnosed with dengue hemorrhagic fever. Despite appropriate supportive therapy, the patient initially improved, but subsequently had clinical deterioration. Evaluation revealed features of hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis. He was successfully treated with glucocorticoids and had an uneventful recovery. This case adds to the limited adult cases of virus-associated hemophagocytic syndrome in the literature and the need for prompt recognition and treatment of this rare complication. PMID:27274854

  19. Dengue fever complicated by hemophagocytosis

    OpenAIRE

    Koshy, Maria; Mishra, Ajay Kumar; Agrawal, Bhumi; Kurup, Akhil Rajendra; Hansdak, Samuel George

    2016-01-01

    Dengue is a common acute viral febrile illness in the tropics. Although the usual presentation is that of a self-limiting illness, its complications are protean. We report a 29-year-old man who presented with an acute febrile illness and was diagnosed with dengue hemorrhagic fever. Despite appropriate supportive therapy, the patient initially improved, but subsequently had clinical deterioration. Evaluation revealed features of hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis. He was successfully treated w...

  20. Hemodialysis membrane with a high-molecular-weight cutoff and cytokine levels in sepsis complicated by acute renal failure: a phase 1 randomized trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haase, Michael; Bellomo, Rinaldo; Baldwin, Ian; Haase-Fielitz, Anja; Fealy, Nigel; Davenport, Piers; Morgera, Stanislao; Goehl, Hermann; Storr, Markus; Boyce, Neil; Neumayer, Hans-Hellmut

    2007-08-01

    Sepsis is the leading cause of acute renal failure. Intermittent hemodialysis (IHD) is a common treatment for patients with acute renal failure. However, standard hemodialysis membranes achieve only little diffusive removal of circulating cytokines. Modified membranes may enable both successful IHD treatment and simultaneous diffusive cytokine removal. Double-blind, crossover, randomized, controlled, phase 1 trial. Tertiary intensive care unit. 10 septic patients with acute renal failure according to RIFLE class F. Each patient was treated with 4 hours of high-cutoff (HCO)-IHD and 4 hours of high-flux (HF)-IHD. We chose relative change in plasma interleukin 6 (IL-6) concentrations from baseline to 4 hours as the primary outcome for effective cytokine removal. We measured plasma and effluent concentrations of cytokines (IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, and IL-18) and albumin. Median age was 53 years (25(th) to 75(th) percentiles, 43 to 71 years). Both treatments achieved equal control of uremia. Four hours of HCO-IHD accomplished a greater decrease in plasma IL-6 levels (-30.3%) than 4 hours of HF-IHD (1.1%; P = 0.05). HCO-IHD, but not HF-IHD, achieved substantial diffusive clearance of several cytokines (IL-6, 14.1 mL/min; IL-8, 75.2 mL/min; and IL-10, 25.5 mL/min). Such clearance also was associated with greater relative decreases in plasma IL-8 and IL-10 levels in favor of HCO-IHD (P = 0.02, P = 0.04). We found significantly greater relative changes from prefilter to postfilter plasma IL-6, IL-8, and IL-10 values in favor of HCO-IHD (P = 0.02, P = 0.01, P effluent was 7.7 g (25(th) to 75(th) percentiles, 4.8 to 19.6) versus less than 1.0 g for HF-IHD (P septic patients with acute renal failure, HCO-IHD achieved simultaneous uremic control and diffusive cytokine clearances and a greater relative decrease in plasma cytokine concentrations than standard HF-IHD.

  1. Juxtarenal Mycotic Aneurysm as a Complication of Acute Exacerbation of Chronic Cholecystitis Treated by Resection and Replacement by a Fresh Allograft.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grus, Tomáš; Lambert, Lukáš; Rohn, Vilém; Klika, Tomáš; Grusová, Gabriela; Michálek, Pavel

    2016-01-01

    We present a case of a female patient with infectious (mycotic) juxtarenal abdominal aneurysm with atypical symptoms beginning as acute exacerbation of chronic cholecystitis. Apart from common antibiotic treatment, the patient successfully underwent resection of the diseased segment and replacement by a fresh allograft in order to reduce the risk of infection of the graft, but with the need of subsequent life-long immunosuppressive therapy. Perioperative monitoring of the spinal cord by near infrared spectroscopy was used to identify possible spinal ischemia. The choice of the fresh allograft was based on our experience supported by review of the literature.

  2. Differentiating Acute Otitis Media and Acute Mastoiditis in Hospitalized Children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laulajainen-Hongisto, Anu; Aarnisalo, Antti A; Jero, Jussi

    2016-10-01

    Acute otitis media is a common infection in children. Most acute otitis media episodes can be treated at an outpatient setting with antimicrobials, or only expectant observation. Hospital treatment with parenteral medication, and myringotomy or tympanostomy, may be needed to treat those with severe, prolonged symptoms, or with complications. The most common intratemporal complication of acute otitis media is acute mastoiditis. If a child with acute mastoiditis does not respond to this treatment, or if complications develop, further examinations and other surgical procedures, including mastoidectomy, are considered. Since the treatment of complicated acute otitis media and complicated acute mastoiditis differs, it is important to differentiate these two conditions. This article focuses on the differential diagnostics of acute otitis media and acute mastoiditis in children.

  3. [Is vesicular cholesterolosis a particular anatomo-clinical form of cholesterol lithiasis? Apropos of a case of cholesterol polyp manifested by an acute complication].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palot, J P; Pluot, M; Delattre, J F; Remy, G

    1986-01-01

    A case of cholesterolic polyp, revealed by the formation of an infundibulo-cystic enclave, is reported, the polyp having the appearance of a cholesterolic calculus, but a pediculated one, and one acting as a calculus. The extreme rarity of this complication is emphasized. Despite the frequency of associated lithiasis, the cholesterolosis are included in a different framework from lithiasis, that of the cholecystoses that on histology show typical pure parietal lesions without inflammation. Findings in this atypical case suggest possible common pathogenic factors for the two affections, and raise a proposal for inclusion of cholesterolosis within the nosologic framework of lithiasis.

  4. Gastrointestinal Complications of Obesity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Camilleri, Michael; Malhi, Harmeet; Acosta, Andres

    2017-01-01

    Obesity usually is associated with morbidity related to diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular diseases. However, there are many gastrointestinal and hepatic diseases for which obesity is the direct cause (eg, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease) or is a significant risk factor, such as reflux esophagitis and gallstones. When obesity is a risk factor, it may interact with other mechanisms and result in earlier presentation or complicated diseases. There are increased odds ratios or relative risks of several gastrointestinal complications of obesity: gastroesophageal reflux disease, erosive esophagitis, Barrett’s esophagus, esophageal adenocarcinoma, erosive gastritis, gastric cancer, diarrhea, colonic diverticular disease, polyps, cancer, liver disease including nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma, gallstones, acute pancreatitis, and pancreatic cancer. Gastroenterologists are uniquely poised to participate in the multidisciplinary management of obesity as physicians caring for people with obesity-related diseases, in addition to their expertise in nutrition and endoscopic interventions. PMID:28192107

  5. Gastrointestinal Complications of Obesity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Camilleri, Michael; Malhi, Harmeet; Acosta, Andres

    2017-05-01

    Obesity usually is associated with morbidity related to diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular diseases. However, there are many gastrointestinal and hepatic diseases for which obesity is the direct cause (eg, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease) or is a significant risk factor, such as reflux esophagitis and gallstones. When obesity is a risk factor, it may interact with other mechanisms and result in earlier presentation or complicated diseases. There are increased odds ratios or relative risks of several gastrointestinal complications of obesity: gastroesophageal reflux disease, erosive esophagitis, Barrett's esophagus, esophageal adenocarcinoma, erosive gastritis, gastric cancer, diarrhea, colonic diverticular disease, polyps, cancer, liver disease including nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma, gallstones, acute pancreatitis, and pancreatic cancer. Gastroenterologists are uniquely poised to participate in the multidisciplinary management of obesity as physicians caring for people with obesity-related diseases, in addition to their expertise in nutrition and endoscopic interventions. Copyright © 2017 AGA Institute. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. Acute renal failure associated with nonfulminant acute viral hepatitis A

    OpenAIRE

    Sarawgi, S.; Gupta, A K; Arora, D S; Jasuja, S.

    2008-01-01

    Hepatitis A runs a benign course in children, but may have atypical presentations in adults. Very rarely acute renal failure complicates nonfulminant hepatitis A. We report a patient with nonfulminant acute viral hepatitis A with multiorgan involvement. Patient had biopsy proven acute interstitial nephritis, acute pancreatitis, acute myocarditis and required hemodialysis for 6 weeks.

  7. Neurologic complications of alcoholism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noble, James M; Weimer, Louis H

    2014-06-01

    This review serves as an overview of neurologic conditions associated with alcohol abuse or withdrawal, including epidemiology, clinical symptoms, diagnostic approach, and treatment. Frequent alcohol abuse and frank alcoholism are very common among adults in the United States. Although rates decline with each decade, as many as 10% of the elderly drink excessively. Given the ubiquitous nature of alcoholism in society, its complications have been clinically recognized for generations, with recent advances focusing on improved understanding of ethanol's biochemical targets and the pathophysiology of its complications. The chronic effects of alcohol abuse are myriad and include neurologic complications through both direct and indirect effects on the central and peripheral nervous systems. These disorders include several encephalopathic states related to alcohol intoxication, withdrawal, and related nutritional deficiencies; acute and chronic toxic and nutritional peripheral neuropathies; and myopathy. Although prevention of alcoholism and its neurologic complications is the optimal strategy, this article reviews the specific treatment algorithms for alcohol withdrawal and its related nutritional deficiency states.

  8. A Complicated Case of Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia in the Second Trimester of Pregnancy Successfully Treated with All-trans-Retinoic Acid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kanika Agarwal

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available A 40-year-old female at 26-week gestation was diagnosed with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL after an abnormal prenatal lab workup showed pancytopenia. She was treated with all-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA, idarubicin, and dexamethasone. After day one of treatment, she developed differentiation syndrome, which was treated with dexamethasone. At 30-week gestation, she had preterm premature rupture of membranes and delivered by cesarean section because of the fetus’ breech presentation. Despite ATRA’s potential for teratogenicity, a viable infant was born without apparent anomalies. Postpartum, she underwent consolidation treatment with ATRA and arsenic trioxide (ATO. The patient continued ATRA therapy after delivery and is currently in remission.

  9. Effectiveness of anti-inflammatory treatment versus antibiotic therapy and placebo for patients with non-complicated acute bronchitis with purulent sputum. The BAAP Study protocol.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Llor, Carl; Moragas, Ana; Bayona, Carolina; Morros, Rosa; Pera, Helena; Cots, Josep M; Fernández, Yvonne; Miravitlles, Marc; Boada, Albert

    2011-06-21

    Acute bronchitis is one of the most prevalent respiratory infections in primary care, and in more than 90% of the cases antibiotics are prescribed, mainly when purulent expectoration is present. However, this process is usually viral in origin and the benefits of antibiotic treatment are marginal. On the other hand, in recent years bronchitis has been considered more as an inflammatory than an infectious process. Thus, the aim of this study is to evaluate the clinical effectiveness of a schedule of an oral anti-inflammatory compared with an antibiotic regimen and another group assigned to receive a placebo. A total of 420 patients from 15 to 70 years of age with no associated comorbidity, presenting respiratory tract infection of at least one week of evolution, with cough as the predominant symptom, the presence of purulent expectoration and at least one other symptom of the respiratory tract (dyspnoea, wheezing, chest discomfort or pain), with no alternative explanation such as pneumonia, will be included in a prospective, randomised and controlled, clinical trial with placebo. The patients will be randomised to receive one of three treatments: ibuprofen, amoxycillin and clavulanic acid or placebo for 10 days. The main outcome measure is the number of days with frequent cough defined by the symptom diary with a score of 1 or more. This trial is designed to evaluate the number of days with frequent cough with anti-inflammatory treatment compared with antimicrobial treatment and placebo in previously healthy patients with a clinical picture of acute bronchitis and purulent expectoration. It is hypothesized that anti-inflammatory treatment is more effective than antibiotic treatment to reduce cough, which is the most disturbing symptom for patients with this infection. ISRCTN07852892.

  10. Impact of the New York State Cardiac Surgery and Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Reporting System on the management of patients with acute myocardial infarction complicated by cardiogenic shock.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Apolito, Renato A; Greenberg, Mark A; Menegus, Mark A; Lowe, April M; Sleeper, Lynn A; Goldberger, Mark H; Remick, Joshua; Radford, Martha J; Hochman, Judith S

    2008-02-01

    Studies suggest that the New York State Cardiac Surgery and Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Reporting System, which makes public the operator-specific mortality for patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), may deter operators from providing revascularization to high-risk cardiac patients in New York compared to other states. We performed a retrospective analysis of 545 US patients with acute myocardial infarction and cardiogenic shock due to predominant left ventricular failure enrolled in the SHOCK Registry. Adjusting for case mix using a propensity score method, we compared the use of coronary angiography, PCI, CABG, and outcomes between 220 patients in New York and 325 in other states. New York patients were older with similar or less severe baseline characteristics. After propensity score adjustment, New York patients were less likely than non-New York patients to undergo coronary angiography (odds ratio 0.46, 95% CI 0.31-0.68, P < .001) and PCI (odds ratio 0.51, 95% CI 0.33-0.77, P = .002). Coronary artery bypass graft rates were similarly low (14.1% vs 15.1%, P = not significant), but New York patients waited significantly longer after shock onset for surgery (101.2 vs 10.3 hours, P < .001) with only 32.3% of New York patients vs 75.5% of non-New York patients (P < .001) taken for CABG within 3 days of shock onset. In our propensity-adjusted retrospective analysis, New York patients with acute myocardial infarction and cardiogenic shock were less likely to undergo coronary angiography and PCI and waited significantly longer to receive CABG than their non-New York counterparts. These findings suggest that state-required reporting to the New York State Cardiac Surgery and Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Reporting System may result in the reluctance to revascularize the highest-risk cardiac patients.

  11. Effectiveness of anti-inflammatory treatment versus antibiotic therapy and placebo for patients with non-complicated acute bronchitis with purulent sputum. The BAAP Study protocol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernández Yvonne

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Acute bronchitis is one of the most prevalent respiratory infections in primary care, and in more than 90% of the cases antibiotics are prescribed, mainly when purulent expectoration is present. However, this process is usually viral in origin and the benefits of antibiotic treatment are marginal. On the other hand, in recent years bronchitis has been considered more as an inflammatory than an infectious process. Thus, the aim of this study is to evaluate the clinical effectiveness of a schedule of an oral anti-inflammatory compared with an antibiotic regimen and another group assigned to receive a placebo. Methods and design A total of 420 patients from 15 to 70 years of age with no associated comorbidity, presenting respiratory tract infection of at least one week of evolution, with cough as the predominant symptom, the presence of purulent expectoration and at least one other symptom of the respiratory tract (dyspnoea, wheezing, chest discomfort or pain, with no alternative explanation such as pneumonia, will be included in a prospective, randomised and controlled, clinical trial with placebo. The patients will be randomised to receive one of three treatments: ibuprofen, amoxycillin and clavulanic acid or placebo for 10 days. The main outcome measure is the number of days with frequent cough defined by the symptom diary with a score of 1 or more. Discussion This trial is designed to evaluate the number of days with frequent cough with anti-inflammatory treatment compared with antimicrobial treatment and placebo in previously healthy patients with a clinical picture of acute bronchitis and purulent expectoration. It is hypothesized that anti-inflammatory treatment is more effective than antibiotic treatment to reduce cough, which is the most disturbing symptom for patients with this infection. Trial registration ISRCTN07852892

  12. Association of a clinical knowledge support system with improved patient safety, reduced complications and shorter length of stay among Medicare beneficiaries in acute care hospitals in the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonis, Peter A; Pickens, Gary T; Rind, David M; Foster, David A

    2008-11-01

    Electronic clinical knowledge support systems have decreased barriers to answering clinical questions but there is little evidence as to whether they have an impact on health outcomes. We compared hospitals with online access to UpToDate with other acute care hospitals included in the Thomson 100 Top Hospitals Database (Thomson database). Metrics used in the Thomson database differentiate hospitals on a variety of performance dimensions such as quality and efficiency. Prespecified outcomes were risk-adjusted mortality, complications, the Agency of Healthcare Research and Quality Patient Safety Indicators, and hospital length of stay among Medicare beneficiaries. Linear regression models were developed that included adjustment for hospital region, teaching status, and discharge volume. Hospitals with access to UpToDate (n=424) were associated with significantly better performance than other hospitals in the Thomson database (n=3091) on risk-adjusted measures of patient safety (P=0.0163) and complications (P=0.0012) and had significantly shorter length of stay (by on average 0.167 days per discharge, 95% confidence interval 0.081-0.252 days, PUpToDate was used at each hospital. Mortality was not significantly different between UpToDate and non-UpToDate hospitals. The study was retrospective and observational and could not fully account for additional features at the included hospitals that may also have been associated with better health outcomes. An electronic clinical knowledge support system (UpToDate was associated with improved health outcomes and shorter length of stay among Medicare beneficiaries in acute care hospitals in the United States. Additional studies are needed to clarify whether use of UpToDate is a marker for the better performance, an independent cause of it, or a synergistic part of other quality improvement characteristics at better-performing hospitals.

  13. [Orbital complications of sinusitis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Šuchaň, M; Horňák, M; Kaliarik, L; Krempaská, S; Koštialová, T; Kovaľ, J

    2014-12-01

    Orbital complications categorised by Chandler are emergency. They need early diagnosis and agresive treatment. Stage and origin of orbital complications are identified by rhinoendoscopy, ophtalmologic examination and CT of orbite and paranasal sinuses. Periorbital cellulitis and early stage of orbital cellulitis can be treated conservatively with i. v. antibiotics. Monitoring of laboratory parameters and ophtalmologic symptoms is mandatory. Lack of improvement or worsening of symptoms within 24-48 hours and advanced stages of orbital complications are indicated for surgery. The purpose of the study is to evaluate epidemiology, clinical features and management of sinogenic orbital complications. Retrospective data of 8 patients with suspicion of orbital complication admited to hospital from 2008 to 2013 were evaluated. Patients were analyzed in terms of gender, age, CT findings, microbiology, clinical features, stage and treatment. Male and female were afected in rate 1,66:1. Most of patients were young adult in 3rd. and 4th. decade of life (62,5 %). Acute and chronic sinusitis were cause of orbital complication in the same rate. The most common origin of orbital complication was ethmoiditis (62,5 %), than maxillary (25 %) and frontal (12,5 %) sinusitis. Polysinusitis with affection of ethmoidal, maxillary and frontal sinuses (75 %) was usual CT finding. Staphylococcus epidermidis and Staphylococcus aureus were etiological agens in half of cases. Periorbital oedema (100 %), proptosis, chemosis (50 %), diplopia and glaucoma (12,5 %) were observed. Based on examinations, diagnosis of periorbital oedema/preseptal cellulitis was made in 3 (37,5 %), orbital cellulitis in 3 (37,5 %) and subperiosteal abscess in 2 cases (25 %). All patients underwent combined therapy - i. v. antibiotics and surgery within 24 hours. Eradication of disease from ostiomeatal complex (OMC), drainage of affected sinuses and drainage of subperiosteal abscess were done via fuctional endonasal

  14. Efficacy of anti-inflammatory or antibiotic treatment in patients with non-complicated acute bronchitis and discoloured sputum: randomised placebo controlled trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Llor, Carl; Moragas, Ana; Bayona, Carolina; Morros, Rosa; Pera, Helena; Plana-Ripoll, Oleguer; Cots, Josep M; Miravitlles, Marc

    2013-10-04

    To evaluate the efficacy of oral anti-inflammatory or antibiotic treatment compared with placebo in the resolution of cough in patients with uncomplicated acute bronchitis and discoloured sputum. Multicentre, parallel, single blinded placebo controlled, randomised clinical trial. Nine primary care centres in Spain. Adults aged 18 to 70 presenting symptoms associated with respiratory tract infection of less than one week's duration, with cough as the predominant symptom, the presence of discoloured sputum, and at least one other symptom of lower respiratory tract infection (dyspnoea, wheezing, chest discomfort, or chest pain). Patients were randomised to receive either ibuprofen 600 mg three times daily, amoxicillin-clavulanic acid 500 mg/125 mg three times daily, or placebo three times daily for 10 days. The duration of symptoms was measured with a diary card. Number of days with frequent cough after the randomisation visit. 416 participants were randomised (136 to ibuprofen, 137 to antibiotic, and 143 to placebo) and 390 returned their symptom diaries fully completed. The median number of days with frequent cough was slightly lower among patients assigned to ibuprofen (9 days, 95% confidence interval 8 to 10 days) compared with those receiving amoxicillin-clavulanic acid (11 days, 10 to 12 days) or placebo (11 days, 8 to 14 days), albeit without statistically significant differences. Neither amoxicillin-clavulanic acid nor ibuprofen increased the probability of cough resolution (hazard ratio 1.03, 95% confidence interval 0.78 to 1.35 and 1.23, 0.93 to 1.61, respectively) compared with placebo. Adverse events were observed in 27 patients, and were more common in the antibiotic arm (12%) than ibuprofen or placebo arms (5% and 3%, respectively; Pacute bronchitis and discoloured sputum treated with ibuprofen, amoxicillin-clavulanic acid, or placebo. Current Controlled Trials ISRCTN07852892.

  15. Digestive system complications among hospitalized children with ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Conclusion: Acute abdominal crisis is the most common digestive system complication in children with sickle cell anaemia in our setting. Efforts should be made to exclude other potential causes of acute abdomen which may require surgical intervention in children with sickle cell anaemia. History taking, diligent physical ...

  16. Factors influencing Complications and Conversion rates following ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    dell

    Background: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy in acute cholecystitis is associated with a relatively high rate of conversion as well as complications. The aim of this study was to analyze prospectively various pre-operative and per-operative factors influencing the complications and conversion rate. Methods: A total of 60 ...

  17. Neurologic Complications of Pre-eclampsia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zeeman, Gerda G.

    Pre-eclampsia is mainly responsible for the world's large maternal mortality rates, mostly due to acute cerebral complications. This review provides insight into the pathogenesis of the neurologic complications of hypertensive disease in pregnancy. In addition, practical relevance for clinical care

  18. Neurological complications of chickenpox

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Girija A

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim: To assess the neurological complications of chickenpox with prognosis. Background: The neurological complications occur in 0.03% of persons who get chickenpox. There is no universal vaccination against chicken pox in India. Most patients prefer alternate modalities of treatment. Hence these complications of chickenpox are likely to continue to occur. Study Design: A prospective study was conducted for 2 years (from March 2002 on the admitted cases with neurological complications after chickenpox (with rash or scar. Patients were investigated with CT/MRI, CSF study, EEG and nerve conduction studies and hematological workup. They were followed-up for 1 year and outcome assessed using modified Rankin scale. Results: The latency for the neurological complications was 4-32 days (mean: 16.32 days. There were 18 cases: 10 adults (64% and 8 children (36%. Cerebellar ataxia (normal CT/MRI was observed in 7 cases (32% (mean age: 6.85 years. One patient (6 years had acute right hemiparesis in the fifth week due to left capsular infarct. All these cases spontaneously recovered by 4 weeks. The age range of the adult patients was 13-47 years (mean: 27 years. The manifestations included cerebellar and pyramidal signs (n-4 with features of demyelination in MRI who recovered spontaneously or with methylprednisolone by 8 weeks. Patient with encephalitis recovered in 2 weeks with acyclovir. Guillain Barre syndrome of the demyelinating type (n-2 was treated with Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG and they had a slow recovery by a modified Rankin scale (mRs score of 3 and 2 at 6 months and 1 year, respectively. One case died after hemorrhage into the occipital infarct. There were two cases of asymmetrical neuropathy, one each of the seventh cranial and brachial neuritis. Conclusion: Spontaneous recovery occurs in post-chickenpox cerebellar ataxia. Rarely, serious complications can occur in adults. The demyelinating disorders, either of the central or peripheral

  19. Sigmoid Volvulus Complicating Postpartum Period

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kelsey E. Ward

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Sigmoid volvulus is a rare complication of pregnancy and the puerperium. Case. A 19-year-old patient, gravida 1 para 0 at 41 0/7 weeks of gestation, admitted for late-term induction of labor underwent an uncomplicated primary low transverse cesarean delivery for arrest of descent. Her postoperative period was complicated by sudden onset of abdominal pain and the ultimate diagnosis of sigmoid volvulus. Conclusion. Prompt surgical evaluation of an acute abdomen in the postpartum period is essential; delayed diagnosis and treatment can lead to significant maternal morbidity and mortality.

  20. Interventional radiological treatment in complications of pancreatitis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Memis, Ahmet E-mail: ahmemis@yahoo.com; Parildar, Mustafa

    2002-09-01

    Percutaneous interventional therapy plays an important role in treating complications of acute and chronic pancreatitis. With the development of cross-sectional imaging and advanced interventional techniques, percutaneous drainage has become the preferred treatment for pancreatic fluid collections such as acute collections, pseudocysts and abscesses. Abscess and pancreatic hemorrhage are the most life threatening complications of pancreatitis. Massive hemorrhage is rare but frequently lethal. As a rule, bleeding complications of pancreatitis require prompt diagnosis and an aggressive surgical approach. In unstable patients with a severely bleeding pseudoaneurysm, hemostasis can be obtained by occlusion with mechanical devices.

  1. Emphysematous gastritis after acute pancreatitis.

    OpenAIRE

    Bloodworth, L. L.; Stevens, P E; Bury, R. F.; Arm, J P; Rainford, D J

    1987-01-01

    A case of emphysematous gastritis associated with extensive gastric infarction after acute pancreatitis and acute renal failure is described. This complication was diagnosed on a plain abdominal radiograph and confirmed endoscopically. Extensive gastric and hepatic infarction was seen at necropsy.

  2. Pregnancy Complications: Bacterial Vaginosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... baby Common illnesses Family health & safety Complications & Loss Pregnancy complications Preterm labor & premature birth The newborn intensive care ... Point, NY 10980 Close X Home > Complications & Loss > Pregnancy complications > Bacterial vaginosis and pregnancy Bacterial vaginosis and pregnancy ...

  3. Pregnancy Complications: Placenta Previa

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... baby Common illnesses Family health & safety Complications & Loss Pregnancy complications Preterm labor & premature birth The newborn intensive care ... Point, NY 10980 Close X Home > Complications & Loss > Pregnancy complications > Placenta previa Placenta previa E-mail to a ...

  4. Pregnancy Complications: HELLP Syndrome

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... baby Common illnesses Family health & safety Complications & Loss Pregnancy complications Preterm labor & premature birth The newborn intensive care ... Point, NY 10980 Close X Home > Complications & Loss > Pregnancy complications > HELLP syndrome HELLP syndrome E-mail to a ...

  5. Acute pancreatitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Munsell, Melissa A; Buscaglia, Jonathan M

    2010-04-01

    Acute pancreatitis is a common disease most frequently caused by gallstone disease or excess alcohol ingestion. Diagnosis is usually based on characteristic symptoms, often in conjunction with elevated serum pancreatic enzymes. Imaging is not always necessary, but may be performed for many reasons, such as to confirm a diagnosis of pancreatitis, rule out other causes of abdominal pain, elucidate the cause of pancreatitis, or to evaluate for complications such as necrosis or pseudocysts. Though the majority of patients will have mild, self-limiting disease, some will develop severe disease associated with organ failure. These patients are at risk to develop complications from ongoing pancreatic inflammation such as pancreatic necrosis, fluid collections, pseudocysts, and pancreatic duct disruption. Validated scoring systems can help predict the severity of pancreatitis, and thus, guide monitoring and intervention.Treatment of acute pancreatitis involves supportive care with fluid replacement, pain control, and controlled initiation of regular food intake. Prophylactic antibiotics are not recommended in acute pancreatitis if there is no evidence of pancreatic infection. In patients who fail to improve, further evaluation is necessary to assess for complications that require intervention such as pseudocysts or pancreatic necrosis. Endoscopy, including ERCP and EUS, and/or cholecystectomy may be indicated in the appropriate clinical setting. Ultimately, the management of the patient with severe acute pancreatitis will require a multidisciplinary approach. (c) 2010 Society of Hospital Medicine.

  6. Complications of pediatric paranasal sinusitis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reid, Janet R. [The Children' s Hospital, The Cleveland Clinic, Pediatric Radiology, Cleveland, OH (United States)

    2004-12-01

    Acute paranasal sinus infection in children is often diagnosed clinically without the need for radiographic confirmation. Most cases have a favorable outcome following appropriate antibiotic therapy. A small percentage of cases where symptoms and signs are persistent or severe will require emergent imaging to rule out complications related to local spread of disease intraorbitally or intracranially. A strong index of suspicion is required in such cases, and cross-sectional imaging evaluation with CT and MRI should include axial and coronal images of the paranasal sinuses and, where appropriate, the orbits and brain (with attention to the cavernous sinus). There is no role for plain radiography in the evaluation of the complications of acute sinusitis in the pediatric patient. (orig.)

  7. [Metastatic prostate cancer complicated with chronic disseminated intravascular coagulopathy causing acute renal failure, mimicking thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura and hemolytic uremic syndrome: pathomechanism, differential diagnosis and therapy related to a case].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deme, Dániel; Ragán, Márton; Kalmár, Katalin; Kovács, Lajos; Varga, Erzsébet; Varga, Tünde; Rakonczai, Ervin

    2010-12-01

    in the peripheral blood), normal INR, elevated lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and ARF suggested TTP-HUS. Hemodialysis and six plasmaferesis (PF) were carried out. After the fifth PF, skin manifestations of thrombotic microangiopathy occurred on the feet. Clotting analysis revealed elevated D-dimer (>5 μg/mL), normal fibrinogen (3.2 g/L), a slightly raised INR (1.36) and activated partial prothrombin time (APTT) (45.8 sec), normal reticulocyte (57 G/L) and a slightly low platelet count (123 G/L), which proved to be chronic DIC. Therapeutic dose of low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) was started. Elevated prostate-specific antigen (PSA) (109.6 ng/mL) suggested prostatic carcinoma. Prostate biopsy revealed adenocarcinoma (Gleason: 4+4 for left lobe and 3+3 for right lobe). Elevated alkaline phosphatase suggested metastases in the bone, which were confirmed by bone scintigraphy. Combined androgen blockade (CAB) was started. After three months follow-up our patient's status is satisfactory. PSA is in the normal range (4.6 ng/mL). Thrombocytopenia of uncertain origin with normal or raised INR, APTT, elevated D-dimer, normal fibrinogen and reticulocyte count prove the diagnosis of chronic DIC. This process warrants searching for metastatic neoplasia. Due to the relatively low serum levels of circulating procoagulant factors (e.g. tissue factor), therapeutic dose of LMWH can be used with good efficiency in chronic DIC with low risk of bleeding. Severe DIC as a complication of metastatic prostate cancer can be treated by androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) or CAB in combination with ketokonazole and concomitant use of supportive treatment. Deme D, Ragán M, Kovács L, Kalmár K, Varga E, Varga T, Rakonczai E. Metastatic prostate cancer complicated with chronic disseminated intravascular coagulopathy causing acute renal failure mimicking thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura and hemolytic uremic syndrome: pathomechanism, differential diagnosis and therapy related to a case.

  8. Orbital complications of rhinosinusitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sijuwola, Oo; Adeyemo, Aa; Adeosun, Aa

    2007-06-01

    patients had preoperative visual acuity of between 6/6 and 6/60. They all had complete resolution of proptosis and good visual outcome. Orbital complications of acute rhinosinusitis are common in children. Surgical drainage and aggressive medical management remain the standard to achieve a good prognosis and visual outcome.

  9. [COMPLICATED AMOEBIC APENDICITIS.REPORT OF A CASE

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casavilca Zambrano, Sandro; Gomez Anchante, Victor; Cisneros Gallegos, Eduardo

    2000-01-01

    We report a case of acute abdomen that is operated with the presumptive diagnosis of complicated acute appendicitis. In the histologic examination we make the diagnosis of complicated amoebic appendicitis. We discuss clinical manifestations and histopathologic findings of this unusual presentation of amoebic infection.

  10. Neuropenic enterocolitis complicating acute lymphoblastic leukaemia

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    contiguous bowel, found in immunocompromised, neutropenic patients. A high index of clinical suspicion coupled with appropriate imaging modalities allows earlier diagnosis and can expedite the management of these severely ill patients. We describe the clinico-radiological features of this condition in the following case ...

  11. [Acute complications caused by a mucilaginous laxative].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roux, E; Nicole, A; Capitaine, Y

    1984-10-20

    Prescription of so inoffensive-seeming and common a treatment as mucilaginous laxative may have major (if rare) side effects, such as sudden esophageal obstruction. This usually occurs in old people who do not take enough water with the laxative and who may have minor esophageal pathology such as motility disorders or epibronchic diverticulum. The usually typical symptoms are sudden onset, with retrosternal pain, dysphagia or total aphagia, alimentary vomiting and pseudohypersialorrhea. Diagnosis is always by radiography and endoscopy. Radiography must be performed with gastrografin, due to the risk of bronchoaspiration or esophageal fissure. Endoscopy may demonstrate the mucilagenous mass responsible for the obstruction and in most cases restore patency of the esophagus. This technique should always be attempted, if necessary several times, before resorting to surgery. The authors stress that in patients with a risk of esophageal obstruction, such as old people with esophageal disorders, it is essential to explain clearly to the patient that the laxative must be taken with a sufficient quantity of liquid.

  12. Acute fulminant myocarditis complicated by complete atrioventricular ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hour) management as done in patients presenting with septic shock. Eventually, a decreased cardiac output despite pacemaker insertion and the need for excessive inotropic support is a sign of a poor prognosis. In such instances, early establishment of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation to optimise cardiac output ...

  13. VASCULAR COMPLICATIONS AFTER KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Sh. Khubutia

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim: evaluation of the incidence and the pattern of vessel complications, efficacy of the prophylactic anticoagulation therapy after kidney transplantation. Materials and methods. From March 2007 till January 2013 421 patients: 230 men (54,6% and 191 women (45,4%; mean age 43,07 ± 11,62 undergone 429 kidney transplantations in the department of pancreas and kidney transplantation of the Scientific-Research Institute of Emergency Care named after N.V. Sklifosovsky. In order to evaluate the condition and the function of the kidney transplant ultrasound investigation (daily andacquisition(weekly wereused. In cases of kidney dysfunction and assumption of vessel complications we used computerized tomography. Besides, we used daily analysis of biochemical and clinical parameters of blood and urine. Results. The most common vessel complication was the thrombosis of the microvasculature of the kidney transplant due to acute humoral and combined rejection resistant to antirejection therapy (n = 9; 2,1%; in 4 cases there was a breakage of the transplant due to the acute rejection and the urgent transplantatectomy in an effort to save the patient; thrombosis of the transplantat artery occurred in 1 case (0,23%; we observed 2 cases (0,46% of the artery stenosis and 2 cases (0,46% of venous thrombosis. Conclusion. Summary frequency of vessel complications in our clinic, including thrombosis due to rejection, was 3,49%. It fully corresponds with data obtained from the global medical community. The incidence of great vessel thrombosis was less than 1% which indicates the adequate prophylactic anticoagulation therapy. For the benefit of early diacrisis of complications Doppler sonography is needed. In case of assumption of vessel complications urgent acquisition, computerized tomography and/ or angiography are to be held. 

  14. Pneumonia por varicela associada com síndrome da angústia respiratória aguda: relato de dois casos Varicella pneumonia complicated with acute respiratory distress syndrome: two cases report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Moreno

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: A varicela é uma doença exantemática causada pela infecção primária do vírus varicela zoster (VVZ. A pneumonia pelo VVZ complicada com a síndrome da angústia respiratória aguda (SARA é rara e associa-se a altas taxas de morbimortalidade. O objetivo deste estudo foi apresentar dois casos de pneumonia por varicela que evoluíram com SARA e outras disfunções orgânicas. RELATO DOS CASOS: Paciente de 15 anos, imunocomprometido com a síndrome da imunodeficiência adquirida (SIDA e uma paciente do sexo feminino imunocompetente, foram admitidos na UTI com quadro clínico de varicela, SARA, trombocitopenia e acidose graves. Além disso, disfunção cardiovascular e falência renal ocorreram no primeiro e segundo casos, respectivamente. Foram tratados com aciclovir além de ventilação mecânica protetora. CONCLUSÕES: Os dois casos de pneumonia por varicela, que apresentaram SARA e disfunções de múltiplos órgãos, obtiveram boa evolução clínica.BACKGROUNG AND OBJECTIVES: Varicella is an exantematic disease caused by varicella-zoster virus. Varicella pneumonia complicated with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS is very rare in adults and is associated with high morbimortality. We report two cases of ARDS secondary to varicella-zoster virus pneumonia. CASES REPORT: We report two cases of ARDS and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS secondary to varicella-zoster virus pneumonia. A 15-year-old man with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV infection and a 29-year-old immunocompetent female were admitted in the ICU with primary varicella infection and pneumonia. Both cases progressed towards ARDS, severe thrombocytopenia and acidosis. In addition cardiovascular and renal failure occurred in the first and second patients, respectively. Treatment consisted of immediate administration of intravenous acyclovir and a lung-protective ventilation strategy. CONCLUSIONS: Both cases of varicella

  15. Population Pharmacokinetic Analysis of Cefiderocol, a Parenteral Siderophore Cephalosporin, in Healthy Subjects, Subjects with Various Degrees of Renal Function, and Patients with Complicated Urinary Tract Infection or Acute Uncomplicated Pyelonephritis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kawaguchi, Nao; Katsube, Takayuki; Echols, Roger; Wajima, Toshihiro

    2018-02-01

    Cefiderocol, a novel parenteral siderophore cephalosporin, exhibits potent efficacy against most Gram-negative bacteria, including carbapenem-resistant strains. The aim of this study was to perform a population pharmacokinetic (PK) analysis based on plasma cefiderocol concentrations in healthy subjects, subjects with various degrees of renal function, and patients with complicated urinary tract infection (cUTI) or acute uncomplicated pyelonephritis (AUP) caused by Gram-negative pathogens and to calculate the fraction of the time during the dosing interval where the free drug concentration in plasma exceeds the MIC ( fT MIC ). Population PK models were developed with three renal function markers, body surface area-adjusted estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), absolute eGFR, and creatinine clearance, on the basis of 2,571 plasma concentrations from 91 subjects without infection and 238 patients with infection. The population PK models with each renal function marker adequately described the plasma cefiderocol concentrations. Clear relationships of total clearance (CL) to all renal function markers were observed. Body weight and disease status (with or without infection) were also significant covariates. The CL in patients with infection was 26% higher than that in subjects without infection. The fT MIC values were more than 75% in all patients (and were 100% in most patients), suggesting that a sufficient exposure to cefiderocol was provided by the tested dose regimens (2 g every 8 h as the standard dose regimen) for the treatment of cUTI or AUP caused by Gram-negative pathogens. Copyright © 2018 Kawaguchi et al.

  16. Acute liver failure

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Fin Stolze; Bjerring, Peter Nissen

    2011-01-01

    Acute liver failure (ALF) results in a multitude of serious complications that often lead to multi-organ failure. This brief review focuses on the pathophysiological processes in ALF and how to manage these.......Acute liver failure (ALF) results in a multitude of serious complications that often lead to multi-organ failure. This brief review focuses on the pathophysiological processes in ALF and how to manage these....

  17. Transluminal coronary angioplasty complicated by coronary artery perforation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kimbiris, D; Iskandrian, A S; Goel, I; Bemis, C E; Gehl, L; Owens, J; Segal, B L

    1982-01-01

    Transluminal coronary angioplasty may be associated with complications resulting from the dilatation catheter and inflation of the balloon. The most common complications are dissection, occlusion, and coronary spasm. We report an unusual complication of coronary artery perforation by the dilatation catheter resulting in acute pericardial tamponade. The complication was immediately recognized and confirmed by dye injection and hemodynamic measurements. Pericardiocentesis was performed, followed by successful coronary bypass surgery. The reasons for the perforation are unclear. We postulate that the acute angle of the perforated vessel was an important factor for this complication. The importance of a standby cardiac surgeon and operating room is emphasized.

  18. Pregnancy Complications: Gonorrhea

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... online community Home > Complications & Loss > Pregnancy complications > Gonorrhea Gonorrhea E-mail to a friend Please fill in ... gonorrhea each year in the United States. Can gonorrhea cause complications during pregnancy and for your baby? ...

  19. [Pulmonary and pleural complications of the descending aorta surgery].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belov, Iu V; Komarov, R N; Stepanenko, A B; Gasanov, A F

    2013-01-01

    The experience of surgical treatment of 84 patients with diseases of the descending thoracic aorta was analyzed. Frequency and structure of pleura-pulmonary complications after reconstructive surgery of the descending aorta were thoroughly registered. 58.3% of the operated patints developed complications. The most frequent complication was the acute respiratory insufficiency in early postoperative period (29.76% of patients).

  20. CT Findings of Colonic Complications Associated with Colon Cancer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Sang Won; Shin, Hyeong Cheol; Kim, Il Young; Kim, Young Tong; Kim, Chang Jin [Cheonan Hospital, Soonchunhyang University, Cheonan (Korea, Republic of)

    2010-04-15

    A broad spectrum of colonic complications can occur in patients with colon cancer. Clinically, some of these complications can obscure the presence of underlying malignancies in the colon and these complications may require emergency surgical management. The complications of the colon that can be associated with colon cancer include obstruction, perforation, abscess formation, acute appendicitis, ischemic colitis and intussusception. Although the majority of these complications only rarely occur, familiarity with the various manifestations of colon cancer complications will facilitate making an accurate diagnosis and administering prompt management in these situations. The purpose of this pictorial essay is to review the CT appearance of the colonic complications associated with colon cancer.

  1. complications des otites moyennes chroniques complications of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    logique, avec dans l'ordre de fréquence : Proteus mirabi- lis(40%), Staphylococcus aureus (15%), et Pseudomonas aeruginosa (15%). 3-5- Répartition des complications : La répartition des complications est donnée tableaux III et IV.Dix-neuf (19) (33%) patients présentaient plus d'une complication, soit au total 76 cas de ...

  2. [Management of renal complications during primary angioplasty].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marenzi, Giancarlo; Marana, Ivana; Bartorelli, Antonio

    2007-01-01

    Primary angioplasty represents the best strategy for myocardial reperfusion in ST-elevation acute myocardial infarction. However, it is associated with a high risk of developing contrast-induced nephropathy, a renal complication coupled with markedly increased morbidity and mortality rates. This paper summarizes, on the current evidence available, the clinical and prognostic relevance of renal insufficiency and contrast-induced nephropathy in acute myocardial infarction, and emphasizes new possible preventive strategies for kidney protection in this clinical setting.

  3. Levofloxacin in Preventing Infection in Young Patients With Acute Leukemia Receiving Chemotherapy or Undergoing Stem Cell Transplantation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-09-05

    Acute Leukemias of Ambiguous Lineage; Bacterial Infection; Diarrhea; Fungal Infection; Musculoskeletal Complications; Neutropenia; Recurrent Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia; Recurrent Childhood Acute Myeloid Leukemia; Secondary Acute Myeloid Leukemia; Untreated Childhood Acute Myeloid Leukemia and Other Myeloid Malignancies

  4. [Cardiovascular complications of hypertensive crisis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosas-Peralta, Martín; Borrayo-Sánchez, Gabriela; Madrid-Miller, Alejandra; Ramírez-Arias, Erick; Pérez-Rodríguez, Gilberto

    2016-01-01

    It is inexorable that a proportion of patients with systemic arterial hypertension will develop a hypertensive crisis at some point in their lives. The hypertensive crises can be divided in hypertensive patients with emergency or hypertensive emergency, according to the presence or absence of acute end-organ damage. In this review, we discuss the cardiovascular hypertensive emergencies, including acute coronary syndrome, congestive heart failure, aortic dissection and sympathomimetic hypertensive crises (those caused by cocaine use included). Each is presented in a unique way, although some patients with hypertensive emergency report non-specific symptoms. Treatment includes multiple medications for quick and effective action with security to reduce blood pressure, protect the function of organs remaining, relieve symptoms, minimize the risk of complications and improve patient outcomes.

  5. Herpes Simplex Encephalitis Complicated by Cerebral Hemorrhage during Acyclovir Therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harada, Yukinori; Hara, Yuuta

    2017-01-01

    Herpes simplex encephalitis (HSE) can be complicated by adverse events in the acute phase. We herein present the case of a 71-year-old woman with HSE complicated by cerebral hemorrhage. She presented with acute deterioration of consciousness and fever and was diagnosed with HSE based on the detection of herpes simplex virus-1 in the cerebrospinal fluid by a polymerase chain reaction. The cerebral hemorrhage developed during acyclovir therapy; however, its diagnosis was delayed for 2 days. After the conservative treatment of the cerebral hemorrhage, the patient made a near-complete recovery. Cerebral hemorrhage should be considered as an acute-phase complication of HSE.

  6. Haematoma in the transverse mesocolon secondary to acute ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A case of acute haematoma of the transverse mesocolon secondary to acute necrotizing pancreatitis is presented. with a brief discussion of the pathogenesis and computed tomographic findings. The value of computed tomography in acute complicated pancreatitis is emphasized.

  7. Factors influencing Complications and Conversion rates following ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Methods: A total of 60 patients (45 females and 15 males) undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis were studied prospectively by analyzing the data accumulated in the process of investigation and treatment. Factors associated with conversion and complications were assessed to determine their ...

  8. Panel 7 : Otitis Media: Treatment and Complications

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schilder, Anne G M; Marom, Tal; Bhutta, Mahmood F; Casselbrant, Margaretha L; Coates, Harvey; Gisselsson-Solén, Marie; Hall, Amanda J; Marchisio, Paola; Ruohola, Aino; Venekamp, Roderick P; Mandel, Ellen M

    Objective We aimed to summarize key articles published between 2011 and 2015 on the treatment of (recurrent) acute otitis media, otitis media with effusion, tympanostomy tube otorrhea, chronic suppurative otitis media and complications of otitis media, and their implications for clinical practice.

  9. Panel 7: Otitis Media: Treatment and Complications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schilder, Anne G M; Marom, Tal; Bhutta, Mahmood F; Casselbrant, Margaretha L; Coates, Harvey; Gisselsson-Solén, Marie; Hall, Amanda J; Marchisio, Paola; Ruohola, Aino; Venekamp, Roderick P; Mandel, Ellen M

    2017-04-01

    Objective We aimed to summarize key articles published between 2011 and 2015 on the treatment of (recurrent) acute otitis media, otitis media with effusion, tympanostomy tube otorrhea, chronic suppurative otitis media and complications of otitis media, and their implications for clinical practice. Data Sources PubMed, Ovid Medline, the Cochrane Library, and Clinical Evidence (BMJ Publishing). Review Methods All types of articles related to otitis media treatment and complications between June 2011 and March 2015 were identified. A total of 1122 potential related articles were reviewed by the panel members; 118 relevant articles were ultimately included in this summary. Conclusions Recent literature and guidelines emphasize accurate diagnosis of acute otitis media and optimal management of ear pain. Watchful waiting is optional in mild to moderate acute otitis media; antibiotics do shorten symptoms and duration of middle ear effusion. The additive benefit of adenoidectomy to tympanostomy tubes in recurrent acute otitis media and otitis media with effusion is controversial and age dependent. Topical antibiotic is the treatment of choice in acute tube otorrhea. Symptomatic hearing loss due to persistent otitis media with effusion is best treated with tympanostomy tubes. Novel molecular and biomaterial treatments as adjuvants to surgical closure of eardrum perforations seem promising. There is insufficient evidence to support the use of complementary and alternative treatments. Implications for Practice Emphasis on accurate diagnosis of otitis media, in its various forms, is important to reduce overdiagnosis, overtreatment, and antibiotic resistance. Children at risk for otitis media and its complications deserve special attention.

  10. Pregnancy Complications: Anemia

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... online community Home > Complications & Loss > Pregnancy complications > Anemia Anemia E-mail to a friend Please fill in ... anemia at a prenatal care visit . What causes anemia? Usually, a woman becomes anemic (has anemia) because ...

  11. Complications and Deaths - National

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Complications and deaths - national data. This data set includes national-level data for the hip/knee complication measure, the Agency for Healthcare Research and...

  12. Complications and Deaths - State

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Complications and deaths - state data. This data set includes state-level data for the hip/knee complication measure, the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality...

  13. Complications and Deaths - Hospital

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Complications and deaths - provider data. This data set includes provider data for the hip/knee complication measure, the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality...

  14. Pregnancy Complications: Preeclampsia

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... online community Home > Complications & Loss > Pregnancy complications > Preeclampsia Preeclampsia E-mail to a friend Please fill in ... even if you’re feeling fine. What is preeclampsia? Preeclampsia is a serious blood pressure condition that ...

  15. Mechanisms of diabetic complications

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Forbes, Josephine M; Cooper, Mark E

    2013-01-01

    .... These complications occur in the majority of individuals with both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Among the most prevalent microvascular complications are kidney disease, blindness, and amputations, with current therapies only slowing disease progression...

  16. Acute leukemia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rose-Inman, Hayley; Kuehl, Damon

    2014-08-01

    Although great progress has been made in the understanding and treatment of acute leukemia, this disease has not been conquered. For emergency providers (EPs), the presentation of these patients to an emergency department presents a host of challenges. A patient may present with a new diagnosis of leukemia or with complications of the disease process or associated chemotherapy. It is incumbent on EPs to be familiar with the manifestations of leukemia in its various stages and maintain some suspicion for this diagnosis, given the nebulous and insidious manner in which leukemia can present. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. Complications of prostate biopsy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Anastasiadis, Anastasios; Zapała, Lukasz; Cordeiro, Ernesto; Antoniewicz, Artur; Dimitriadis, Georgios; de Reijke, Theo

    2013-01-01

    Biopsy of the prostate is a common procedure with minor complications that are usually self-limited. However, if one considers that millions of men undergo biopsy worldwide, one realizes that although complication rate is low, the number of patients suffering from biopsy complications should not be

  18. [Acute cholangiocholecystitis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gavrilescu, S; Rădulescu, D

    1991-01-01

    In analysis of a group of 48 patients, the authors describe an entity they call acute cholangio-cholecystitis (or acute cholecystitis of choledochal origin) and define it by 4 obligatory criteria: 1. vesicular lesion of acute cholecystitis type; 2. the obstruction of the main bile duct in the direction of its junction with the cystic duct; 3. free duct communication between the gallbladder and the main bile ducts; 4. fluid content (purulent gallbladder) found identical over the whole biliary territory (the gallbladder the main bile ducts the intrahepatic bile ducts). This entity represents 7.6% of the total of acute cholecystitis and was met in 2.8% of the total of the interventions for the main bile ducts obstruction. The deficient biological background of the patients (60% over 60 years old), and other seriousness factors--vesicular destructive lesions associated with biliary peritonitis (7/48), the existence of the duct obstruction, usually calculous (42/48), but also hydatic (3/48) or tumoural (3/48), the multitude and seriousness of the associated lesions are emphasized. The surgery, performed in over 80% emergent cases, was directed to the decomprimation of the main biliary axis to which the increase of the gangrenous cholecyst, treatment of the duct obstructive factor, repair of the internal biliary fistulas, treatment of the consequent peritonitis were added. The results, very often good (71%), were shadowed by a series of complications (29%) which ended in deaths (14.5%). The paper pleads for the early surgery of the lithiasic biliary disease, before the appearance of the inevitable complications.

  19. Acute rhinosinusitis in adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aring, Ann M; Chan, Miriam M

    2011-05-01

    Rhinosinusitis is one of the most common conditions for which patients seek medical care. Subtypes of rhinosinusitis include acute, subacute, recurrent acute, and chronic. Acute rhinosinusitis is further specified as bacterial or viral. Most cases of acute rhinosinusitis are caused by viral infections associated with the common cold. Symptomatic treatment with analgesics, decongestants, and saline nasal irrigation is appropriate in patients who present with nonsevere symptoms (e.g., mild pain, temperature less than 101°F [38.3°C]). Narrow-spectrum antibiotics, such as amoxicillin or trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole, are recommended in patients with symptoms or signs of acute rhinosinusitis that do not improve after seven days, or that worsen at any time. Limited evidence supports the use of intranasal corticosteroids in patients with acute rhinosinusitis. Radiographic imaging is not recommended in the evaluation of uncomplicated acute rhinosinusitis. Computed tomography of the sinuses should not be used for routine evaluation, although it may be used to define anatomic abnormalities and evaluate patients with suspected complications of acute bacterial rhinosinusitis. Rare complications of acute bacterial rhinosinusitis include orbital, intracranial, and bony involvement. If symptoms persist or progress after maximal medical therapy, and if computed tomography shows evidence of sinus disease, referral to an otolaryngologist is warranted.

  20. Medical complications of illicit cocaine use.

    Science.gov (United States)

    VanDette, J M; Cornish, L A

    1989-06-01

    The chemistry, pharmacology, and pharmacokinetics of cocaine are described, and the medical complications of illicit cocaine use are reviewed. Cocaine is readily absorbed from mucous membranes, the gastrointestinal tract, and the vascular beds of the lungs. Thus there are a number of routes for illicit cocaine administration, with the most popular one being intranasal. The most prevalent problems associated with the use of cocaine appear to be route and dose independent and are cardiovascular in nature; they include myocardial infarction and ischemia, sudden death, cardiac arrhythmias, and hypertension. Seizures, cerebrovascular accidents, hepatotoxicity, rhabdomyolysis, pulmonary complications, and obstetrical complications have also been reported. Gastrointestinal complications and acute toxicity may occur in cocaine smugglers who ingest cocaine-filled packets. Route-dependent complications of cocaine use are also of concern. The mechanism underlying the medical complications has not been fully elucidated but appears to be an extension of the drug's pharmacological properties. The treatment of cocaine-related toxicities is supportive and is based on the organ system affected. Drugs such as propranolol, labetalol, and nitrendipine have been advocated for treating the cardiovascular complications, and measures such as maintaining arterial blood pH, monitoring core body temperature, and diazepam therapy have been used to manage seizures. As the number of case reports of cocaine toxicity increases and the underlying mechanism is conclusively defined, management of the medical complications will improve.

  1. Acute Paraplegia After General Anesthesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gholam Hossein Ghaedi

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Acute paraplegia is a rare but catastrophic complication of surgeries performed on aorta and corrective operations of vertebral column. Trauma to spinal cord after spinal anesthesia and ischemia of spinal cord also may lead to acute paraplegia. Acute paraplegia as a complication of general anesthesia in surgeries performed on sites other than aorta and vertebral column is very rare. Here we present a 56 year old woman with acute paraplegia due to spinal cord infarction after laparoscopic cholecystectomy under general anesthesia probably caused by atherosclerosis of feeding spinal arteries and ischemia of spinal cord after reduction of blood flow possibly due to hypotension during general anesthesia.

  2. Extended complications of urethroplasty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hosam S. Al-Qudah

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: An extensive study of complications following urethroplasty has never been published. We present 60 urethroplasty patients who were specifically questioned to determine every possible early and late complication. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective chart review of urethroplasty patients between August 2000 and March 2004. An "open format" questioning style allowed maximal patient reporting of all complications, no matter how minor. RESULTS: 60 patients underwent 62 urethroplasties (24 anterior anastomotic, 19 buccal mucosal and 10 fasciocutaneous, 9 posterior anastomotic with mean follow-up of 29 months. Early complications occurred in 40%, but only 3% were major (rectal injury and urosepsis. Early minor complications included scrotal swelling, scrotal ecchymosis and urinary urgency. Late complications occurred in 48%, but only 18% were significant (erectile dysfunction, chordee and fistula. Late minor complications included a feeling of wound tightness, scrotal numbness and urine spraying. Fasciocutaneous urethroplasty caused the most significant complications, and buccal mucus urethroplasty the least, while also resulting in the lowest recurrence rate (0%. CONCLUSIONS: Serious complications after urethroplasty (3% early and 18% late appear similar to those reported elsewhere, but minor bothersome complications appear to occur in much higher numbers than previously published (39% early and 40% late. While all the early complications were resolved and most (97% were minor, less than half of the late complications were resolved, although most (82% were minor. These complication rates should be considered when counseling urethroplasty patients, and generally tend to support the use of buccal mucosal onlay urethroplasty as it had the lowest rate of serious side effects.

  3. Les complications medicales a la phase aigue des accidents ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Mots clés: Accident vasculaire cérébral - complications - mortalité -Douala. English Title: Medical complications in the acute phase of cerebral vascular accidents. English Abstract. Introduction: Stroke is a major public health problem worldwide. In developing countries, stroke mortality is high compare to those due to the ...

  4. Complications of flow-directed balloon-tipped catheters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smart, F W; Husserl, F E

    1990-01-01

    Acute or short-term complications following the use of flow-directed balloon-tipped catheters are well recognized. Long-term sequelae are rarely reported. We report herein an early complication of pulmonary arterial rupture with infarction followed by the delayed development of a pulmonary arterial aneurysm.

  5. Complications of nephrotic syndrome

    OpenAIRE

    Se Jin Park; Jae Il Shin

    2011-01-01

    Nephrotic syndrome (NS) is one of the most common glomerular diseases that affect children. Renal histology reveals the presence of minimal change nephrotic syndrome (MCNS) in more than 80% of these patients. Most patients with MCNS have favorable outcomes without complications. However, a few of these children have lesions of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, suffer from severe and prolonged proteinuria, and are at high risk for complications. Complications of NS are divided into two c...

  6. Cardiovascular complications of cirrhosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Søren; Henriksen, Jens Henrik

    2008-01-01

    Cardiovascular complications of cirrhosis include cardiac dysfunction and abnormalities in the central, splanchnic and peripheral circulation, and haemodynamic changes caused by humoral and nervous dysregulation. Cirrhotic cardiomyopathy implies systolic and diastolic dysfunction and electrophysi......Cardiovascular complications of cirrhosis include cardiac dysfunction and abnormalities in the central, splanchnic and peripheral circulation, and haemodynamic changes caused by humoral and nervous dysregulation. Cirrhotic cardiomyopathy implies systolic and diastolic dysfunction....... The clinical significance of cardiovascular complications and cirrhotic cardiomyopathy is an important topic for future research, and the initiation of new randomised studies of potential treatments for these complications is needed.  ...

  7. Cardiovascular complications of cirrhosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, S; Henriksen, Jens Henrik Sahl

    2008-01-01

    Cardiovascular complications of cirrhosis include cardiac dysfunction and abnormalities in the central, splanchnic and peripheral circulation, and haemodynamic changes caused by humoral and nervous dysregulation. Cirrhotic cardiomyopathy implies systolic and diastolic dysfunction and electrophysi......Cardiovascular complications of cirrhosis include cardiac dysfunction and abnormalities in the central, splanchnic and peripheral circulation, and haemodynamic changes caused by humoral and nervous dysregulation. Cirrhotic cardiomyopathy implies systolic and diastolic dysfunction....... The clinical significance of cardiovascular complications and cirrhotic cardiomyopathy is an important topic for future research, and the initiation of new randomised studies of potential treatments for these complications is needed....

  8. Neurologic Complications in Pregnancy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cuero, Mauricio Ruiz; Varelas, Panayiotis N

    2016-01-01

    Pregnant women are subject to the same complications as the general population, as well to specific neurologic complications associated with pregnancy, such as preeclampsia or eclampsia. The hormonal and physiologic changes during pregnancy lead to altered incidences of these complications, which usually present during the late period of pregnancy, labor, or the puerperium. In addition, the treatment of these conditions is different from that of nonpregnant women, because special attention is paid to avoid any abnormalities or death of the fetus. This article discusses the most common of these neurologic complications. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. The postanesthetic period. Complications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malamed, S F

    1987-01-01

    Postanesthetic complications can occur even in the best of circumstances. Proper preparation of the staff, aggressive monitoring of the recovering patient, and early recognition and management of the complications are essential if the outcome is to be successful. In reviewing postanesthetic complications, two factors are present in the overwhelming majority of situations--hypoxia and hypercarbia--often the direct result of inadequate monitoring during the postanesthetic period. The anesthetic procedure is not over once the anesthetic agents are discontinued. The skillful anesthetist is aware of the possibilities of postoperative complications and prevents problems by employing enhanced monitoring techniques during the recovery phase.

  10. Increased serum levels of fibrinogen degradation products due to treatment with recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator for acute myocardial infarction are related to bleeding complications, but not to coronary patency

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    R.W. Brower (Ronald); D. Collen; G.A. van Es (Gerrit Anne); J. Lubsen (Jacob); P.W.J.C. Serruys (Patrick); M.L. Simoons (Maarten); M. Verstraete (Marc); A.E.R. Arnold (Alfred)

    1989-01-01

    textabstractThe association of increasing serum levels of fibrinogen degradation products after recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator (rt-PA) therapy with bleeding and early coronary patency was assessed in 242 patients with acute myocardial infarction. After administration of 5,000 IU

  11. Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    SARS; Respiratory failure - SARS ... Complications may include: Respiratory failure Liver failure Heart failure ... 366. McIntosh K, Perlman S. Coronaviruses, including severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS). ...

  12. Acute management of stones

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jung, Helene; Osther, Palle J S

    2015-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Stone management is often conservative due to a high spontaneous stone passage rate or non-symptomatic calyceal stones that do not necessarily require active treatment. However, stone disease may cause symptoms and complications requiring urgent intervention. MATERIAL AND METHODS......: In this review, we update latest research and current recommendations regarding acute management of stones, with particular focus on imaging, pain management, active stone interventions, medical expulsive therapy, and urolithiasis in pregnancy and childhood. RESULTS: Acute stone management should be planned...

  13. CLINICAL COMPLICATIONS OF CHIKUNGUNYA FEVER IN MAURITIUS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Smita Sulackshana Devi Goorah

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Chikungunya fever, an emerging mosquito-borne viral disease, has affected Mauritius with two recent outbreaks in 2005 and 2006 respectively. A study was carried out in 2007 to describe the clinical complications post-Chikungunya infection. Ethical clearance was obtained for this study. Data collection was carried out in February and March 2007 on a sample of people who had suffered from Chikungunya fever by means of a comprehensive questionnaire. Participants comprised 77 people; there were 41 males and 36 females. Participants ranged from 6 to 69 years. 70 participants experienced persisting joint pains for at least 6 months following the acute phase. Of these, 35 had residual joint complaints after 6 months. 44 participants suffered from psychological sequelae. 10 participants had dermatological sequelae, 6 had iatrogenic complications due to non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID-induced gastritis, and 3 participants with serologically confirmed Chikungunya fever had neurological manifestations and changes on CT/MRI which could correspond to demyelination. Statistical analysis demonstrated that there was a weak linear relationship between the number of complications and increasing age; there was a significant difference in the number of complications according to gender, females being more affected than males; participants with co-morbidities had more complications and psychological sequelae than previously healthy participants. This study highlights that Chikungunya fever, which causes a significant impact on health in the acute phase, can have significant sequelae months afterwards and this includes psychological sequelae.

  14. Lower Limb Ischaemia Complicating Total Hip Arthroplasty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shiu-Wai Chan

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available This article is about two patients having vascular injuries complicating total hip arthroplasty because of intraoperative indirect injuries. One patient had a delayed presentation of acute lower limb ischaemia, in which he required amputation of his left second toe because of ischaemic gangrene. The other patient had acute lower limb ischaemia leading to permanent muscle and nerve damage because of delayed recognition. Both patients had vascular interventions for the indirect vascular injuries. Preoperative workup for suspicious underlying peripheral vascular disease, intraoperative precautions, and perioperative period of vascular status monitoring are essential for prevention and early detection of such sinister events.

  15. Idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis complicated by Down syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watanabe, Hirofumi; Ayusawa, Mamoru; Kato, Masataka; Chou, Ami; Komori, Akiko; Abe, Yuriko; Matsumura, Masaharu; Kamiyama, Hiroshi; Izumi, Hiroyuki; Takahashi, Shori

    2015-10-01

    We report the case of a 9-year-old girl with Down syndrome (DS) diagnosed with idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis (IPH). Although acute pneumonia complicated by hemolytic anemia was suspected, IPH was finally diagnosed on bronchoscopy. Treatment with prednisolone achieved good clinical response. An association between IPH and DS was not able to be identified, but immunological issues in DS may contribute to the onset of IPH. Recurrent and intractable respiratory symptoms with marked infiltrative shadows in the bilateral lungs and complicated by severe anemia in patients with DS should suggest IPH. © 2015 Japan Pediatric Society.

  16. Tattoo complaints and complications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Serup, Jørgen; Carlsen, Katrina Hutton; Sepehri, Mitra

    2015-01-01

    are papulo-nodular and non-allergic and associated with the agglomeration of nanoparticulate carbon black. Tattoo complications include effects on general health conditions and complications in the psycho-social sphere. Tattoo infections with bacteria, especially staphylococci, which may be resistant...

  17. Mucocele complicating stapled hemorrhoidopexy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asia Grapsi

    2017-01-01

    Conclusion: Mucocele is a rare complication of stapled hemorrhoidopexy that may remain asymptomatic for a long period. In case of perineal discomfort after stapled procedure the physical examination combined with 3D 360° transanal ultrasound is necessary to reach the diagnosis. The knowledge of the possible rare complications is at the base of a correct treatment.

  18. Pulmonary complications in amiodarone treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Podstawka, Adam; Mosiewicz, Jerzy; Myśliński, Wojciech

    2004-01-01

    Amiodarone is a widely used antiarrhythmic drug, however, not without numerous side-effects. One of them is a potentially adverse reaction upon the respiratory system which can assume the form of acute respiratory failure, interstitial pneumonitis, parenchymal infiltrates, pleural effusion or bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia. For this reason prior to the onset of the long-term amiodarone therapy initial chest x-ray and spirometry should be made and in the course of the treatment spirometry and radiological monitoring should be carried out. Helpful in diagnosing the side-effects of amiodarone use in relation to the respiratory system could also be plethysmography, evaluation of the diffusing capacity, Gallium scintigraphy and cancer-associated serum antigen (CASA). While planning a long-term amiodarone therapy one should consider the risk factors of the development of pulmonary complications and the necessity to use this drug should be connected with the activities aiming at an early diagnosis of the respiratory system dysfunctions.

  19. Bulimia Nervosa - medical complications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mehler, Philip S; Rylander, Melanie

    2015-01-01

    As with anorexia nervosa, there are many medical complications associated with bulimia nervosa. In bulimia nervosa, these complications are a direct result of both the mode and the frequency of purging behaviours. For the purposes of this article, we will review in detail the many complications of the two major modes of purging, namely, self-induced vomiting and laxative abuse; these two account for more than 90% of purging behaviours in bulimia nervosa. Some of these complications are potentially extremely dangerous and need to be well understood to effectively treat patients with bulimia nervosa. Other methods of purging, such as diuretic abuse, are much less frequently utilized and will only be mentioned briefly. In a subsequent article, the treatments of these medical complications will be presented.

  20. An application trial with oriental medicine against radiation complication

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aoki, Yukimasa; Nakagawa, Keiichi; Sasaki, Yasuhito (Tokyo Univ. (Japan). Faculty of Medicine)

    1991-11-01

    Late radiation complications have been the inevitable obstacles for radio-therapy, since the normal tissue damage restricts the maximum tumor dose. Recently, this limitation has been alleviated owing to the technological development in the field of radiation treatment devices. However, the treatment dose in case of radical and prophylactic irradiation cannot be adequately reduced, and acute radiation complications present another hurdle. Results of our preliminary trials with an oriental medicine to overcome the specified acute complication were favorable. We started a new trial with combined oriental medicines against various features of acute complications. Sixty-five cases were registered as the group administered oriental medicine (O group), thirty-two cases as conventionally treated group (C group) and forty-one cases as control group without medication (N group). They were analyzed according to the kind of symptoms. The improvement of sore throat, diarrhea and irritable bowel syndrome was more significant in the O group than in the C group. The effect on nausea was roughly equal between O and C groups. The effects of oriental medicines for the passage disturbance and the stomatitis were the same. The results of O group and C group were better than those of N group in every symptom. Acute radiation complication can be interpreted as unbalanced local liquid distribution from the oriental medical point of view, which is considered as a good indication of intermediate type in oriental medicines. Precise individualization will be required to control acute radiation complications more efficiently. (author).

  1. The use of echocardiography in acute cardiovascular care

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lancellotti, Patrizio; Price, Susanna; Edvardsen, Thor

    2015-01-01

    of echocardiography in acute cardiovascular care. In this document, we describe the practical applications of echocardiography in patients with acute cardiac conditions, in particular with acute chest pain, acute heart failure, suspected cardiac tamponade, complications of myocardial infarction, acute valvular heart...... disease including endocarditis, acute disease of the ascending aorta and post-intervention complications. Specific issues regarding echocardiography in other acute cardiac care scenarios are also described.......Echocardiography is one of the most powerful diagnostic and monitoring tools available to the modern emergency/critical care practitioner. Currently, there is a lack of specific European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging/Acute Cardiovascular Care Association recommendations for the use...

  2. The use of echocardiography in acute cardiovascular care

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lancellotti, Patrizio; Price, Susanna; Edvardsen, Thor

    2014-01-01

    of echocardiography in acute cardiovascular care. In this document, we describe the practical applications of echocardiography in patients with acute cardiac conditions, in particular with acute chest pain, acute heart failure, suspected cardiac tamponade, complications of myocardial infarction, acute valvular heart...... disease including endocarditis, acute disease of the ascending aorta and post-intervention complications. Specific issues regarding echocardiography in other acute cardiovascular care scenarios are also described.......Echocardiography is one of the most powerful diagnostic and monitoring tools available to the modern emergency/critical care practitioner. Currently, there is a lack of specific European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging/Acute Cardiovascular Care Association recommendations for the use...

  3. The use of echocardiography in acute cardiovascular care

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lancellotti, Patrizio; Price, Susanna; Edvardsen, Thor

    2015-01-01

    of echocardiography in acute cardiovascular care. In this document, we describe the practical applications of echocardiography in patients with acute cardiac conditions, in particular with acute chest pain, acute heart failure, suspected cardiac tamponade, complications of myocardial infarction, acute valvular heart...... disease including endocarditis, acute disease of the ascending aorta and post-intervention complications. Specific issues regarding echocardiography in other acute cardiovascular care scenarios are also described.......Echocardiography is one of the most powerful diagnostic and monitoring tools available to the modern emergency/ critical care practitioner. Currently, there is a lack of specific European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging/Acute Cardiovascular Care Association recommendations for the use...

  4. Urological complications of coitus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eke, N

    2002-02-01

    To ascertain the urological complications of coitus, as the proximity of the lower urinary tract to the organs of coitus exposes the tract to coital trauma. Medline was searched from 1966 to 2000 to identify reports on coital injuries. Publications and relevant references were retrieved. Those reporting urological complications were selected for analysis. In all, 1454 cases of reported coital injuries were reviewed; 790 occurred in men while 664 occurred in women, mainly in the genital area. Physical urological complications were more common in men than in women. The injuries were often sustained during voluntary coitus, but one penile fracture was sustained during an attempted rape. The presentations included penile swellings and deviations, haemorrhage, erectile dysfunction and urinary incontinence. Complications included vesicovaginal fistulae, bladder and cavernosal ruptures, and urinary tract infections. Rare complications included isolated rupture of the penile vasculature. Major risk factors included penovaginal disproportion, excessive force at coitus, urethral coitus, fellatio and anal intercourse. Urethral injuries were the commonest complications; in men these were associated with 10-38% of penile fractures. The treatments included cold compress and anti-inflammatory agents in contusions, repairs of lacerations, closure of fistulae and urethral and vaginal reconstruction. The results of treatment were essentially good. Recurrent penile fractures were reported. Coitus, although pleasurable, may be risky. The complications have been termed 'faux pas' implying that they are preventable. While the ultimate prevention is abstinence, this is an unrealistic prescription. Therefore, efforts are necessary to identify risk factors to enable preventive strategies.

  5. Late complications of radiation therapy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Masaki, Norie [Osaka Prefectural Center for Adult Diseases (Japan)

    1998-03-01

    There are cases in which, although all traces of acute radiation complications seem to have disappeared, late complications may appear months or years to become apparent. Trauma, infection or chemotherapy may sometimes recall radiation damage and irreversible change. There were two cases of breast cancer that received an estimated skin dose in the 6000 cGy range followed by extirpation of the residual tumor. The one (12 y.o.) developed atrophy of the breast and severe teleangiectasis 18 years later radiotherapy. The other one (42 y.o.) developed severe skin necrosis twenty years later radiotherapy after administration of chemotherapy and received skin graft. A case (52 y.o.) of adenoidcystic carcinoma of the trachea received radiation therapy. The field included the thoracic spinal cord which received 6800 cGy. Two years and 8 months after radiation therapy she developed complete paraplegia and died 5 years later. A truly successful therapeutic outcome requires that the patient be alive, cured and free of significant treatment-related morbidity. As such, it is important to assess quality of life in long-term survivors of cancer treatment. (author)

  6. Acute arsenic poisoning diagnosed late.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shumy, Farzana; Anam, Ahmad Mursel; Kamruzzaman, A K M; Amin, Md Robed; Chowdhury, M A Jalil

    2016-04-01

    Acute arsenicosis, although having a 'historical' background, is not common in our times. This report describes a case of acute arsenic poisoning, missed initially due to its gastroenteritis-like presentation, but suspected and confirmed much later, when the patient sought medical help for delayed complications after about 2 months. © The Author(s) 2015.

  7. Toxoplasmosis complicating lung cancer: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Lu, Nianhong; Liu, Caihong; Wang, Jiangyuan; Ding, Ying; Ai, Qing

    2015-01-01

    Nianhong Lu, Caihong Liu, Jiangyuan Wang, Ying Ding, Qing Ai Department of Clinical Laboratory, The First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, People’s Republic of China Abstract: Toxoplasmosis complicating lung cancer has been described only rarely. Here, we report a case of acute Toxoplasma gondii infection in a patient with squamous lung cancer. A 64-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with a history of cough of 6 months' duration and chest pain of 1 week&...

  8. Complications Following Pediatric Tracheotomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    D'Souza, Jill N; Levi, Jessica R; Park, David; Shah, Udayan K

    2016-05-01

    Pediatric tracheotomy is a complex procedure with significant postoperative complications. Wound-related complications are increasingly reported and can have considerable impact on clinical course and health care costs to tracheotomy-dependent children. The primary objective of this study was to identify the type and rate of complications arising from pediatric tracheotomy. A retrospective review of medical records of 302 children who underwent tracheotomy between December 1, 2000, and February 28, 2014, at a tertiary care pediatric referral center. Records were reviewed for preoperative diagnoses, gestational age, age at tracheotomy, tracheotomy technique, and incidence of complication. Main outcome measures included incidence, type, and timing of complications. Secondary measures included medical diagnoses and surgical technique. Of the 302 children who underwent tracheotomy, the median (SD) age at time of tracheotomy was 5 months (64 months) and the range was birth to 21 years. The most frequent diagnosis associated with performance of a tracheotomy was ventilator-associated respiratory failure (61.9%), followed by airway anomaly or underdevelopment (25.2%), such as subglottic or tracheal stenosis, laryngotracheomalacia, or bronchopulmonary dysplasia. The remaining indications for tracheotomy included airway obstruction (11.6% [35 of 302]) and vocal fold dysfunction (1.3% [4 of 302]). No statistical significance was found associated with diagnosis and incidence of complications. Sixty children (19.9%) had a tracheotomy-related complication. Major complications, such as accidental decannulation (1.0% [3 of 302]). There were no deaths associated with tracheotomy. Minor complications, such as peristomal wound breakdown or granuloma (12.9% [39 of 302]) and bleeding from stoma (1.7% [5 of 302]), were more common. Of all complications, 70% (42 of 60) occurred early (≤7 days postoperatively) and 20% (12 of 60) were late (>7 days postoperatively). Pediatric

  9. Epidemiology of Intratemporal Complications of Otitis Media

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maranhão, André

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Despite the advent of antibiotics and immunizations in the last century, complications of otitis media remain quite frequent, have high morbidity and mortality rates, and pose a challenge to the otorhinolaryngologist. Objective To establish the annual incidence of intratemporal complications of otitis media and prospectively evaluate patients via an analysis of epidemiologic and clinical aspects. Methods Prospective, observational study. Between February 2010 and January 2011, patients admitted to a tertiary care, university-based otology practice with diagnosis of otitis media and an associated intratemporal complication (ITC were included in the study. The following data were evaluated: age, sex, type of ITC, treatment, imaging tests findings, type and degree of hearing loss, and clinical outcome. The overall incidence of all complications and of each complication individually was determined. Results A total of 1,816 patients were diagnosed with otitis media. For 592 (33% individuals, the diagnosis was chronic otitis media; for 1,224 (67%, the diagnosis was acute otitis media. ITCs of otitis media were diagnosed in 15 patients; thus, the annual incidence of intratemporal complications was 0.8%. We identified 19 ITC diagnoses in 15 patients (3 patients had more than one diagnosis. Labyrinthine fistulae were diagnosed in 7 (36.8% individuals, mastoiditis in 5 (26.3%, facial palsy in 4 (21.1%, and labyrinthitis in 3 (15.8%. Conclusion The incidence of intratemporal complications in Brazil remains significant when compared with developed countries. Chronic otitis media with cholesteatoma is the most frequent etiology of intratemporal complications. Labyrinthine fistula is the most common intratemporal complication.

  10. [Advances in acute pancreatitis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Domínguez-Muñoz, J Enrique

    2008-10-01

    The present article reports the most recent evidence on the latest advances in the definition, diagnosis and treatment of acute pancreatitis. The concept of acute pancreatitis and its complications is changing and the presence of persistent organ failure is essential to classify a patient as having severe disease. In this context, increased intestinal permeability is seen as an early phenomenon with important prognostic repercussions. Endoscopic ultrasonography is confirmed as the investigation of choice in patients with idiopathic acute pancreatitis or suspected acute biliary pancreatitis. Aggressive water and electrolyte replacement in the first few hours after onset is the key to a favorable clinical course. Conservative treatment and the use of endoscopic necrosectomy are replacing surgery as the treatment of choice of infected pancreatic necrosis. Lastly, the present article discusses the latest evidence on the prevention of post-endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) acute pancreatitis.

  11. Skin Complications of IBD

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... IBD Learn about IBD treatments, diet, complications, and quality of life through videos, interactive quizzes, and more on the ... disease and ulcerative colitis, and to improve the quality of life of those affected. Get Involved Attend an Event ...

  12. Complications of Sinusitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Anatomy Virtual Anatomy Disclosure Statement CONDITIONS Adult Sinusitis Pediatric Sinusitis Fungal Sinusitis Sinusitis & Asthma Empty Nose Syndrome Cystic Fibrosis Sinusitis Q&A Complications of Sinusitis Epistaxis (Nosebleeds) Allergic Rhinitis (Hay Fever) Headaches and Sinus Disease Disorders of ...

  13. Complications of Sinus Surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Anatomy Virtual Anatomy Disclosure Statement CONDITIONS Adult Sinusitis Pediatric Sinusitis Fungal Sinusitis Sinusitis & Asthma Empty Nose Syndrome Cystic Fibrosis Sinusitis Q&A Complications of Sinusitis Epistaxis (Nosebleeds) Allergic Rhinitis (Hay Fever) Headaches and Sinus Disease Disorders of ...

  14. Complications of Measles (Rubeola)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Top of Page Long-term Complications Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE) is a very rare, but fatal disease ... of age. For more information, see Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE): MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia . References Barrero PR, Grippo ...

  15. Complications of Circumcision

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aaron J. Krill

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available In the United States, circumcision is a commonly performed procedure. It is a relatively safe procedure with a low overall complication rate. Most complications are minor and can be managed easily. Though uncommon, complications of circumcision do represent a significant percentage of cases seen by pediatric urologists. Often they require surgical correction that results in a significant cost to the health care system. Severe complications are quite rare, but death has been reported as a result in some cases. A thorough and complete preoperative evaluation, focusing on bleeding history and birth history, is imperative. Proper selection of patients based on age and anatomic considerations as well as proper sterile surgical technique are critical to prevent future circumcision-related adverse events.

  16. Anticoagulation in pregnancy complications

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Middeldorp, Saskia

    2014-01-01

    Women with acquired and inherited thrombophilia are thought to be at increased risk for pregnancy complications, including recurrent pregnancy loss and, depending on the type of thrombophilia, severe preeclampsia...

  17. Pregnancy Complications: Genital Herpes

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... percent) women in the United States has genital herpes. Can genital herpes cause complications during pregnancy? Yes. Genital herpes ... sex Having your period Stress How does genital herpes spread? Genital herpes is caused by two viruses called herpes ...

  18. Complications and Treatments

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... you go. [PDF – 261 KB] Pain “Episode” or “Crisis” Pain is the most common complication of SCD, ... have: Tiredness Irritability Dizziness and lightheadedness A fast heart rate Difficulty breathing Pale skin color Jaundice (yellow ...

  19. Neurological complications in chronic kidney disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ria Arnold

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD are frequently afflicted with neurological complications. These complications can potentially affect both the central and peripheral nervous systems. Common neurological complications in CKD include stroke, cognitive dysfunction, encephalopathy, peripheral and autonomic neuropathies. These conditions have significant impact not only on patient morbidity but also on mortality risk through a variety of mechanisms. Understanding the pathophysiological mechanisms of these conditions can provide insights into effective management strategies for neurological complications. This review describes clinical management of neurological complications in CKD with reference to the contributing physiological and pathological derangements. Stroke, cognitive dysfunction and dementia share several pathological mechanisms that may contribute to vascular impairment and neurodegeneration. Cognitive dysfunction and dementia may be differentiated from encephalopathy which has similar contributing factors but presents in an acute and rapidly progressive manner and may be accompanied by tremor and asterixis. Recent evidence suggests that dietary potassium restriction may be a useful preventative measure for peripheral neuropathy. Management of painful neuropathic symptoms can be achieved by pharmacological means with careful dosing and side effect considerations for reduced renal function. Patients with autonomic neuropathy may respond to sildenafil for impotence. Neurological complications often become clinically apparent at end-stage disease, however early detection and management of these conditions in mild CKD may reduce their impact at later stages.

  20. Quadriplegia: Urological Complications

    OpenAIRE

    Fenster, Howard N.; Scarrow, Gayle D.

    1989-01-01

    Unlike the general public, quadriplegics are prone to various urological complications as a direct/indirect result of spinal cord lesions. These complications include neurogenic bladder, urinary tract infections, renal and bladder calculi, obstructive uropathy, renal failure, and bladder neoplasms. A significant portion of upper urinary tract disease, including pyelonephritis, hypernephrosis, and calculi are usually secondary to neurogenic bladder related to detrusor sphincter dysfunction. Th...

  1. Trajectories of complicated grief

    OpenAIRE

    Ilsung Nam

    2015-01-01

    Background and Objectives: In the discussion of apparent similarities between symptoms of grief and depression, research and theory have often confounded these two constructs because, as a construct, grief is distinct from depression and because these two constructs may have distinct trajectories. This study examines the trajectories of complicated grief and associated risks and the relationship between trajectories of complicated grief and depression. Design: Longitudinal. Setting: Intervent...

  2. Acute Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic

    OpenAIRE

    Basavaraj Bhagawati; Rahul Hegde

    2003-01-01

    Acute thrombocytopenic purpura is the most common of thrombocytopenias of the childhood. Clinical Features include petechial lesions on oral mucosa, gingival bleeding and occassionally hemorrhage into tissues. Serious complications like intracranial bleeding are also reported. This paper describes a case, presenting in our dental OPD and reviews on published guidelines.

  3. Neurologic complications of vaccinations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miravalle, Augusto A; Schreiner, Teri

    2014-01-01

    This chapter reviews the most common neurologic disorders associated with common vaccines, evaluates the data linking the disorder with the vaccine, and discusses the potential mechanism of disease. A literature search was conducted in PubMed using a combination of the following terms: vaccines, vaccination, immunization, and neurologic complications. Data were also gathered from publications of the American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Infectious Diseases, the World Health Organization, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System. Neurologic complications of vaccination are rare. Many associations have been asserted without objective data to support a causal relationship. Rarely, patients with a neurologic complication will have a poor outcome. However, most patients recover fully from the neurologic complication. Vaccinations have altered the landscape of infectious disease. However, perception of risk associated with vaccinations has limited the success of disease eradication measures. Neurologic complications can be severe, and can provoke fear in potential vaccines. Evaluating whether there is causal link between neurologic disorders and vaccinations, not just temporal association, is critical to addressing public misperception of risk of vaccination. Among the vaccines available today, the cost-benefit analysis of vaccinations and complications strongly argues in favor of vaccination. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  4. On complicity theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kline, A David

    2006-04-01

    The received account of whistleblowing, developed over the last quarter century, is identified with the work of Norman Bowie and Richard DeGeorge. Michael Davis has detailed three anomalies for the received view: the paradoxes of burden, missing harm and failure. In addition, he has proposed an alternative account of whistleblowing, viz., the Complicity Theory. This paper examines the Complicity Theory. The supposed anomalies rest on misunderstandings of the received view or misreadings of model cases of whistleblowing, for example, the Challenger disaster and the Ford Pinto. Nevertheless, the Complicity Theory is important for as in science the contrast with alternative competing accounts often helps us better understand the received view. Several aspects of the received view are reviewed and strengthened through comparison with Complicity Theory, including why whistleblowing needs moral justification. Complicity Theory is also critiqued. The fundamental failure of Complicity Theory is its failure to explain why government and the public encourage and protect whistleblowers despite the possibility of considerable harm to the relevant company in reputation, lost jobs, and lost shareholder value.

  5. Emergency management of complicated jejunal diverticulosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Kevin N; Fankhauser, Grant T; Chapital, Alyssa B; Merritt, Marianne V; Johnson, Daniel J

    2014-06-01

    Jejunal diverticulosis is a rare condition that is usually found incidentally. It is most often asymptomatic but presenting symptoms are nonspecific and include abdominal pain, nausea, diarrhea, malabsorption, bleeding, obstruction, and/or perforation. A retrospective review of medical records between 1999 and 2012 at a tertiary referral center was conducted to identify patients requiring emergency management of complicated jejunal diverticulosis. Complications were defined as those that presented with inflammation, bleeding, obstruction, or perforation. Eighteen patients presented to the emergency department with acute complications of jejunal diverticulosis. Ages ranged from 47 to 86 years (mean, 72 years). Seven patients presented with evidence of free bowel perforation. Six had either diverticulitis or a contained perforation. The remaining five were found to have gastrointestinal bleeding. Fourteen of the patients underwent surgical management. Four patients were successfully managed nonoperatively. As a result of the variety of presentations, complications of jejunal diverticulosis present a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge for the acute care surgeon. Although nonoperative management can be successful, most patients should undergo surgical intervention. Traditional management dictates laparotomy and segmental jejunal resection. Diverticulectomy is not recommended as a result of the risk of staple line breakdown. The entire involved portion of jejunum should be resected when bowel length permits.

  6. Pleuropulmonary Blastoma: Case Report | Tadesse | East and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The tumor arises in the lung and pleura and is regarded as a pulmonary dysontogenetic or embryonic neoplasm. It is the pulmonary analog of other tumors of childhood including Wilms` tumor, Neuroblastoma, Hepatoblastoma, Pancreatoblastoma and Retinoblastoma. Due to their protean presentation it is often difficult to ...

  7. Multiple Ligament Knee Injury: Complications

    OpenAIRE

    Manske, Robert C.; Hosseinzadeh, Pooya; Giangarra, Charles E.

    2008-01-01

    Non-operative and operative complications are common following multiple ligament knee injuries. This article will describe common complications seen by the surgeon and physical therapist following this complex injury. Complications include fractures, infections, vascular and neurologic complications following injury and surgery, compartment syndrome, complex regional pain syndrome, deep venous thrombosis, loss of motion and persistent laxity issues. A brief description of these complications ...

  8. Complications of laparoscopy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hulka, J F

    1980-09-01

    This monograph documents in detail the complications of laparoscopy that have been reported in the literature with the intent of forming a background for recommendations as to prevention. It reviews the history of US surveys of physicians regarding laparoscopic complications and results of survey reports. Discussion of the prevention of complications covers: physician training, patient selection (absolute contraindications, the high risk patient, informing the patient, and suitability for local anesthesia), equipment (electrocautery, selection of laparoscope size, uterine manipulator, and maintenance of instruments), the operating room team, anesthesia, abdominal entry, trocar entry, the hazards of diagnostic procedures, minimizing complications of laparoscopic sterilization (electrocoagulation, exicsion of tubal segment, spring clip, pain during and after surgery, and selection of sterilization method), and infections. The final focus of the monograph is on the management of major complications (bowel burns -- unipolar; bowel burns -- bipolar; other injuries to the bowel; large vessel injuries; and other bleeding) and late complications (reversibility of sterilization, subsequent pregnancies -- intrauterine and ectopic, and "post-tubal syndrome"). The survey performed in the US in 1979 by the American Association of Gynecologic Laparoscopists (AAGL) reported that the unipolar technique, which had been the only technique in the early 1970s, was used by only 30% of the membership. The vast majority of the membership had converted to bipolar coagulation (43%), with a smaller number having switched to the ring (24%) and the spring clip (3%). For the 1st time, a meaningful number of both intratuerine and ectopic pregnancies was reported for all methods, allowing a relatively valid comparison of the risk of ectopic pregnancies as a function of different sterilization techniques. It appeared that the more destructive techniques (coagulation, unipolar or bipolar including

  9. Complications following esophageal surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horváth, O P; Lukács, L; Cseke, L

    2000-01-01

    Chronologically, complications can be classified as intraoperative, early, and late. The authors analyze complications according to this classification on the basis of more than 400 esophageal operations and related literary data. As regards intraoperative complications, they deal only with those occurring at transhiatal esophagectomy (e.g., tracheal tear, bleeding, pneumothorax, laryngeal nerve injury). Among the early complications, they survey the incidence of transplant necrosis and related mortality, further sequelae ensuing from subacute ischemia of the replaced organ and analyze in detail the questions which arise regarding anastomotic leakage. Firstly, they deal with those causative factors that influence the frequency of anastomotic insufficiency, such as the technical "know-how" of anastomosis making (e.g., one layer vs two layers; stapling or manual suture; interrupted or running suture), the way of replacement using whole stomach or tube-stomach and the consequences originating from the route of replacement (e.g., anterior or posterior mediastinal route). Incidence and management of chylothorax are also dealt with. While dealing with late complications, the authors give a detailed comment on anastomotic strictures and also other factors facilitating the development of late dysphagia, such as peptic stricture and tumor of the organ remnant. Finally, some cases successfully treated by surgery are presented (skin-tube formation in cases following transplant necrosis; abolition of a pharyngogastric anastomosis stricture using a free jejunal transplant and surgical solution of an anastomotic stricture from median sternotomy approach).

  10. Anticoagulation in pregnancy complications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Middeldorp, Saskia

    2014-12-05

    Women with acquired and inherited thrombophilia are thought to be at increased risk for pregnancy complications, including recurrent pregnancy loss and, depending on the type of thrombophilia, severe preeclampsia. This review discusses the associations between the types of thrombophilia and types of complications, as well as the currently available clinical trial evidence regarding the use of aspirin and heparin to prevent these pregnancy complications. In women with antiphospholipid syndrome, guidelines recommend prescribing aspirin and heparin to women with recurrent miscarriage. The same regimen is suggested for late pregnancy complications by some, but not all, experts. Aspirin or low-molecular-weight heparin to improve pregnancy outcome in women with unexplained recurrent miscarriage has no benefit and should not be prescribed. Whether anticoagulant therapy prevents recurrent miscarriage in women with inherited thrombophilia or in women with severe pregnancy complications remains controversial because of inconsistent results from trials. Aspirin modestly decreases the risk of severe preeclampsia in women at high risk. © 2014 by The American Society of Hematology. All rights reserved.

  11. Placenta associated pregnancy complications in pregnancies complicated with placenta previa

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Yael Baumfeld; Reli Herskovitz; Zehavi Bar Niv; Salvatore Andrea Mastrolia; Adi Y. Weintraub

    2017-01-01

    Objectives: The purpose of our study was to examine the hypothesis that pregnancies complicated with placenta previa have an increased risk of placental insufficiency associated pregnancy complications...

  12. Complications of ERCP.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Talukdar, Rupjyoti

    2016-10-01

    Even though considered safe, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is among the endoscopic procedures associated with the highest rate of complications. Post ERCP pancreatitis (PEP) is the most common complication of ERCP. Several independent risk factors have been associated with PEP. Prophylactic PD stenting has been shown to be highly effective in preventing PEP. More recent studies have suggested that NSAIDs, especially rectal indomethacin, could by itself be effective in preventing PEP. However, head to head RCTs comparing PD stents with NSAIDs would be required to confirm this. Other complications include ERCP induced bleeding, perforation, and cholangitis. Bleeding is related to morphological, procedural, and patient related factors. Early identification and correction of the risk factors are of paramount importance in preventing bleeding. Risk of infection is particularly high during ERCP. It is important to ensure complete drainage of obstructed biliary system in order to reduce the risk of post-ERCP cholangitis. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  13. Nasoenteric tube complications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prabhakaran, S; Doraiswamy, V A; Nagaraja, V; Cipolla, J; Ofurum, U; Evans, D C; Lindsey, D E; Seamon, M J; Kavuturu, S; Gerlach, A T; Jaik, N P; Eiferman, D S; Papadimos, T J; Adolph, M D; Cook, C H; Stawicki, S P A

    2012-01-01

    The use of nasoenteric tubes (NETs) is ubiquitous, and clinicians often take their placement, function, and maintenance for granted. NETs are used for gastrointestinal decompression, enteral feeding, medication administration, naso-biliary drainage, and specialized indications such as upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Morbidity associated with NETs is common, but frequently subtle, mandating high index of suspicion, clinical vigilance, and patient safety protocols. Common complications include sinusitis, sore throat and epistaxis. More serious complications include luminal perforation, pulmonary injury, aspiration, and intracranial placement. Frequent monitoring and continual re-review of the indications for continued use of any NET is prudent, including consideration of changing goals of care. This manuscript reviews NET-related complications and associated topics.

  14. Complication with intraosseous access

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hallas, Peter; Brabrand, Mikkel; Folkestad, Lars

    2013-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Intraosseous access (IO) is indicated if vascular access cannot be quickly established during resuscitation. Complication rates are estimated to be low, based on small patient series, model or cadaver studies, and case reports. However, user experience with IO use in real...... physicians, anesthesiologists and pediatricians. RESULTS: 1,802 clinical cases of IO use was reported by n=386 responders. Commonly reported complications with establishing IO access were patient discomfort/pain (7.1%), difficulties with penetration of periosteum with IO needle (10.3%), difficulties...... with aspiration of bone marrow (12.3%), and bended/broken needle (4.0%). When using an established IO access the reported complications were difficulties with injection fluid and drugs after IO insertion (7.4%), slow infusion (despite use of pressure bag) (8.8%), displacement after insertion (8...

  15. Analyzing complicity in risk.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Busby, Jerry

    2008-12-01

    When risks generate anger rather than fear, there is at least someone who regards the imposition of those risks as wrongdoing; and it then makes sense to speak of the involvement in producing those risks as complicity. It is particularly relevant to examine the complicity of risk bearers, because this is likely to have a strong influence on how far other actors should go in providing them with protection. This article makes a case for analyzing complicity explicitly, in parallel with normal processes of risk assessment, and proposes a framework for this analysis. It shows how it can be applied in a case study of maritime transportation, and examines the practical and theoretical difficulties of this kind of analysis. The conclusion is that the analysis has to be formative rather than summative, but that it could provide a useful way of exposing differences in the assumptions of different actors about agency and responsibility.

  16. Silicone breast implants: complications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iwuagwu, F C; Frame, J D

    1997-12-01

    Silicone breast implants have been used for augmentation mammoplasty for cosmetic purposes as well as for breast reconstruction following mastectomy for more than three decades. Though the use of the silicone gel filled variety has been banned in the USA except for special cases, they continue to be available elsewhere in the world including the UK. Despite the immense benefit they provide, their usage is associated with some complications. Most of these are related to the surgery and can be reduced by good surgical management. The major complications associated with their use is adverse capsular contracture, an outcome which can be very frustrating to manage. This article reviews the commonly reported complications and suggested management alternatives.

  17. Appendicitis in Pregnancy: Presentation, Management and Complications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdoulhossein Davoodabadi

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Background Diagnosis of acute appendicitis in pregnancy is difficult. Delay operation, increase complications. Objectives This study focused on early operation on base of careful history, precise physical examination, and rational close observation and evaluates its results with conventional investigation in pregnant women suspected acute appendicitis. Materials and Methods A cross sectional study in100 pregnant women and 100 aged matched non pregnant women underwent appendectomy during Sep 2011 - Dec 2014. The data were analyzed by chi-square test through SPSS 16.0. Results Age 16 - 37 years, mean age in pregnant women and no pregnant women were24.75 ± 4.4 and 27.56 ± 6.53 years (P > 0.05, respectively. 20 - 25 years age group, were more frequent = 44%. 70% patients were gravid 1, mean hospital stay in pregnant women, and non-pregnant women were 48 ± 6 and 85.2 ± 43.19 hours (P value < 0.001. respectively. acute appendicitis was confirmed histological in non-pregnant was 72%, but In pregnant women 62%, most cases were in the third Trimester 66% (n = 41. Peri umbilical pain, with migration to the right lower quadrant, was in 75% of patients. Right-lower-quadrant pain was the most common presenting symptom. Diagnosis (62% was made on base care full history and precise physical examination and close observation of 12 ± 8 hours. there were no maternal and fetal complications related to all of the appendectomies during the all trimester up to delivery period. Conclusions There are no diagnostic laboratory findings in acute appendicitis during pregnancy. Careful history and physical examination and close observation of 12 ± 8 hours are sufficient for surgery decision making. In spite of high negative appendectomy since it has no Surgical and obstetric complication, early Appendectomy without aggressive investigation recommend.

  18. Central venous catheter insertion into the false lumen of a complicated aortic dissection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bas, Ahmet; Goksedef, Deniz; Kandemirli, Sedat G; Gulsen, Fatih; Numan, Furuzan

    2017-08-01

    Thoracic endovascular repair is considered the first-line treatment in complicated acute type B dissection. Central venous catheters provide valuable vascular access during endovascular treatments. However, central venous catheters are not without complications. Herein, we report a case of central venous catheter insertion into the false lumen of a complicated acute type B aortic dissection by direct aortic puncture. The tip of the central venous catheter was in the false lumen. The central venous catheter was left in place initially and was removed after graft stent deployment. This case illustrates the importance of image guidance during central venous catheter insertion, which may further complicate an already complicated aortic dissection case.

  19. Complications of cosmetic tattoos.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Cuyper, Christa

    2015-01-01

    Cosmetic tattoos, which are better known as permanent make-up, have become popular in the last decades. This same procedure can be used to camouflage pathological skin conditions, to mask scars and to complete the aesthetic results of plastic and reconstructive surgeries. The risks and complications of tattooing procedures include infections and allergic reactions. Scarring can occur. Fanning and fading of the colorants and dissatisfaction with colour and shape are not unusual. Different lasers can offer solutions for the removal of unwanted cosmetic tattoos, but complications due to the laser treatment, such as paradoxical darkening and scarring, can arise. © 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  20. Anesthetic Complications in Pregnancy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoefnagel, Amie; Yu, Albert; Kaminski, Anna

    2016-01-01

    Anesthesia complications in the parturient can be divided into 2 categories: those related to airway manipulation and those related to neuraxial anesthesia. Physiologic changes of pregnancy can lead to challenging intubating conditions in a patient at risk of aspiration. Neuraxial techniques are used to provide analgesia for labor and anesthesia for surgical delivery. Therefore, complications associated with neuraxial techniques are often seen in this population. In the event of maternal cardiac arrest, modification to advanced cardiac life support algorithms must be made to accommodate the gravid uterus and to deliver the fetus if return of maternal circulation is not prompt. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.