WorldWideScience

Sample records for actual situation analysis

  1. Situational Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Hoover, Kevin D.

    2016-01-01

    Situational analysis (also known as situational logic) was popularized by Karl Popper as an appropriate method for the interpretation of history and as a basis for a scientific social science. It seeks an objective posit ive explanation of behavior through imputing a dominant goal or motive to individuals and then identifying the action that would be objectively appropriate to the situation as the action actually taken. Popper regarded situational analysis as a generalization to all of social...

  2. Family Business in the Czech Republic: Actual Situation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anastasia PETLINA

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Purpose of the article. The purpose of this paper is to define the actual situation of family business on the market, particularly focused on qualities of family business and its strengths or weaknesses. The object of research is the family business as an economical phenomenon. The study includes two subjects: firstly, to find out a specification of the family business, to analyze family ties within the business in accordance with the laws of the Czech Republic or to find out the current economic situation in family business and, secondly, to identify the features of family business as well as the difficulties faced thereby, lying in a base of two main components, namely the family system and the same of entrepreneurship. Methodology/methods: The article was prepared on the basis of general theoretical scientific methods, particularly on those of analysis, synthesis, analogy, comparison, generalization and deduction, or the method of expert estimates. For the analysis of the actual situation in big Czech family business enterprises, it was decided to use the secondary data of a top research-journal for this area, namely the Forbes.cz. In accordance with one of the paper goals, a SWOT analysis was applied to find out the basic strengths and weaknesses of family business. It was decided to verify the received information by interviewing several representatives of the family business in the Czech Republic. Scientific aim: The aim of scientific research is to improve the understanding of family business from the perspective of difficulties faced by family business and its economic perspectives. Findings: The results of this study have allowed the finding of a definition for the family business based on family ties and the laws of the Czech Republic. Another finding is that family business as a motor of the Czech economy has a real potencial for its development and it is able to enhance the Czech economy competitiveness on the world market. In

  3. Family Business in the Czech Republic: Actual Situation

    OpenAIRE

    Anastasia PETLINA

    2015-01-01

    Purpose of the article. The purpose of this paper is to define the actual situation of family business on the market, particularly focused on qualities of family business and its strengths or weaknesses. The object of research is the family business as an economical phenomenon. The study includes two subjects: firstly, to find out a specification of the family business, to analyze family ties within the business in accordance with the laws of the Czech Republic or to find out the current econ...

  4. METHODOLOGICAL ELEMENTS OF SITUATIONAL ANALYSIS

    OpenAIRE

    Tetyana KOVALCHUK

    2016-01-01

    The article deals with the investigation of theoretical and methodological principles of situational analysis. The necessity of situational analysis is proved in modern conditions. The notion “situational analysis” is determined. We have concluded that situational analysis is a continuous system study which purpose is to identify dangerous situation signs, to evaluate comprehensively such signs influenced by a system of objective and subjective factors, to search for motivated targeted action...

  5. Agoraphobia: A Situational Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sinnott, Austin; And Others

    1981-01-01

    Agoraphobia patients answered a questionnaire describing anxiety-producing situations. Home environment was associated with supportive company. Situations requiring patients to venture out alone were most anxiety-producing. The overriding importance of a significant other suggests treatment implications. (JAC)

  6. METHODOLOGICAL ELEMENTS OF SITUATIONAL ANALYSIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tetyana KOVALCHUK

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the investigation of theoretical and methodological principles of situational analysis. The necessity of situational analysis is proved in modern conditions. The notion “situational analysis” is determined. We have concluded that situational analysis is a continuous system study which purpose is to identify dangerous situation signs, to evaluate comprehensively such signs influenced by a system of objective and subjective factors, to search for motivated targeted actions used to eliminate adverse effects of the exposure of the system to the situation now and in the future and to develop the managerial actions needed to bring the system back to norm. It is developed a methodological approach to the situational analysis, its goal is substantiated, proved the expediency of diagnostic, evaluative and searching functions in the process of situational analysis. The basic methodological elements of the situational analysis are grounded. The substantiation of the principal methodological elements of system analysis will enable the analyst to develop adaptive methods able to take into account the peculiar features of a unique object which is a situation that has emerged in a complex system, to diagnose such situation and subject it to system and in-depth analysis, to identify risks opportunities, to make timely management decisions as required by a particular period.

  7. A Study on the Actual Failure Situation of XLPE Cable and the Order of Priority of Degradation Diagnosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takeda, Toshinao; Okamoto, Tatsuki; Suzuki, Hisao; Morikawa, Masayuki

    We analyzed the statics of dielectric breakdown failures caused by water tree degradation in 6 kV XLPE cables using the Hazard Analysis. The data used in this report are actual situation of XLPE cables. The data are classified by conductor size. The failure rates were calculated, and are different according to the conductor size. Furthermore, the failure rates were calculated based on the information of conductor size, cable length and cable age in this report, resulting that the order of the priority of degradation diagnosis can be made quantitatively.

  8. Situational Analysis of Engineering Practice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Buch, Anders

    STS inspired studies of engineering work practices provide new material for a richer understanding of engineering culture. However, the specific and strictly situated focus of many of these studies threatens to limit discussions of engineering practices to departmental and discrete institutional ...... of ethnographic field studies, interviews and discourse analysis of texts........ The paper will propose a research agenda that – inspired by George Marcus’ multi-sited ethnographic methodology (Marcus 1998) and Adele Clarke’s situational analysis (Clarke 2005) – analyze (and contrasts) engineering practices in diverse settings (e.g. engineering education and engineering work) in order...... to uncover the material-discursive transformations in these practices. Thus the research agenda intends to suspend the micro-macro dichotomy by making the situation the ultimate unit and point of departure of analysis. The paper will outline the research design of my studies and elaborate on my...

  9. Situational Analysis of Engineering Practice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Buch, Anders

    . The paper will propose a research agenda that – inspired by George Marcus’ multi-sited ethnographic methodology (Marcus 1998) and Adele Clarke’s situational analysis (Clarke 2005) – analyze (and contrasts) engineering practices in diverse settings (e.g. engineering education and engineering work) in order...... to uncover the material-discursive transformations in these practices. Thus the research agenda intends to suspend the micro-macro dichotomy by making the situation the ultimate unit and point of departure of analysis. The paper will outline the research design of my studies and elaborate on my......STS inspired studies of engineering work practices provide new material for a richer understanding of engineering culture. However, the specific and strictly situated focus of many of these studies threatens to limit discussions of engineering practices to departmental and discrete institutional...

  10. Non-actual motion: phenomenological analysis and linguistic evidence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blomberg, Johan; Zlatev, Jordan

    2015-09-01

    Sentences with motion verbs describing static situations have been seen as evidence that language and cognition are geared toward dynamism and change (Talmy in Toward a cognitive semantics, MIT Press, Cambridge, 2000; Langacker in Concept, image, and symbol: the cognitive basis of grammar, Mouton de Gruyter, Berlin and New York, 1990). Different concepts have been used in the literature, e.g., fictive motion, subjective motion and abstract motion to denote this. Based on phenomenological analysis, we reinterpret such concepts as reflecting different motivations for the use of such constructions (Blomberg and Zlatev in Phenom Cogn Sci 13(3):395-418, 2014). To highlight the multifaceted character of the phenomenon, we propose the concept non-actual motion (NAM), which we argue is more compatible with the situated cognition approach than explanations such as "mental simulation" (e.g., Matlock in Studies in linguistic motivation, Mouton de Gruyter, Berlin, 2004). We investigate the expression of NAM by means of a picture-based elicitation task with speakers of Swedish, French and Thai. Pictures represented figures that either afford human motion or not (±afford); crossed with this, the figure extended either across the picture from a third-person perspective (3 pp) or from a first-person perspective (1 pp). All picture types elicited NAM-sentences with the combination [+afford, 1 pp] producing most NAM-sentences in all three languages. NAM-descriptions also conformed to language-specific patterns for the expression of actual motion. We conclude that NAM shows interaction between pre-linguistic motivations and language-specific conventions.

  11. Analysis of the Situation and Influence Facotr s of Actual Inpatient Reimbursement Rate on New Rural Cooperative Medical Scheme in Inner Mongolia%内蒙古新型农村合作医疗住院实际补偿比情况及影响因素

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李长乐; 康莉莉; 乔婷婷; 范艳存

    2015-01-01

    Objective:In order to provide the suggestions for health department,this study analyzed the situation and influence factors of actual inpatient reimbursement rate on New Rural Cooperative Medical Scheme in Inner Mongolia.Method:This study used typical sampling to collect the data of NRCMS from 28 counties which belong to 3 cities in Inner Mongolia in 2009-2012, and employed the descriptive analysis and multiple regression analysis to assess the data.Result: The actual inpatient reimbursement rates of three cities were B city 49.96%, C city 47.71% and A City 44.52%, respectively.Multivariate regression analysis showed the total funds raised,the utilizing rate of NRCMS fund and the average hospitalization expense were influential factors of actual inpatient reimbursement rate.The total funds raised and the utilizing rate of NRCMS fund are positively associated with actual inpatient reimbursement rate, but the average hospitalization expense is negatively associated with actual inpa-tient reimbursement rate.Conclusion: For there was a gap actual inpatient reimbursement rate, there was a gap between the three cities of Inner Mongolia and the national level.The higher of total funds raised and utilizing rate of NRCMS fund lead to the increasing the actual inpatient reim-bursement rate, and the lower of average hospitalization expense increased the actual inpatient reimbursement rate.%目的:分析内蒙古自治区新型农村合作医疗住院实际补偿比的情况及其影响因素,为卫生部门决策提供依据。方法:采用典型抽样方法收集内蒙古3个市28个旗县区2009-2012年的新农合相关数据,数据分析使用描述分析和多元线性回归分析两种方法。结果:3个市的住院实际补偿比由高到低依次是B市49.46%、C市47.71%和A市44.52%。多元线性回归分析发现筹集资金总额、基金使用率和次均住院费用是影响住院实际补偿比的3个因素,其中筹集资金总额

  12. Safety and Health at Non-saturated Diving : The Actual Situation of Japanese Sport Divers

    OpenAIRE

    MANO, Yoshihiro; マノ, ヨシヒロ

    1995-01-01

    To draw a profile of Japanese sport divers, we have conducted personal interviews at 3 diving spots situated in the Izu Peninsula, during the summer vacation periods of 1991 and 1992. The results of 235 interviews are presented. The male v.s. female ratio was of 2.8 v.s. 1, the average of age being of 28.4 years. The average diving experience was of 230.1 tanks (27.3 tanks per year, 2 tanks per day). Recorded in 40 (17%) cases, nitrogen narcosis (NN) was the most frequent dysbaric disor...

  13. Actuarial and actual analysis of surgical results: empirical validation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grunkemeier, G L; Anderson, R P; Starr, A

    2001-06-01

    This report validates the use of the Kaplan-Meier (actuarial) method of computing survival curves by comparing 12-year estimates published in 1978 with current assessments. It also contrasts cumulative incidence curves, referred to as "actual" analysis in the cardiac-related literature with Kaplan-Meier curves for thromboembolism and demonstrates that with the former estimate the percentage of events that will actually occur.

  14. Dissecting Situational Strength: Theoretical Analysis and Empirical Tests

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-01

    approaches such as difference scores and profile similarity indices (see Edwards , 2007; Shanock, Baran, Gentry, Pattison, & Heggestad, 2010). In addition...and (2) via analysis of indirect, actual measures of fit through polynomial regression and response surfaces ( Edwards , 2007; Shanock et al., 2010...Thoresen, Bono , & Patton, 2001; see also Herman, 1973; Smith, 1977) suggests that job attitudes are related to job performance more strongly in situations

  15. Antecedents, actual situation and prospective of the food irradiation in Mexico; Antecedentes, situacion actual y prospectiva de la irradiacion de alimentos en Mexico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lopez V, H.; Polo C, G.; Ramirez de Alba, M.; Mayoral G, V.M

    1992-06-15

    In this work a synthesis of the history of the food irradiation in Mexico is presented, as well as its current situation. In the same way the foods produced in the country that are susceptible to be irradiated are identified, with object of presenting this process as an alternative method to conserve and to improve the safety of the foods, also showing the potential of the installation of new irradiation plants. (Author)

  16. Work-life Balance by Area, Actual Situation and Expectations – the Overlapping Opinions of Employers and Employees in Slovenia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kozjek Tatjana

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: The question of work-life balance (WLB is an area where increasing attention is being paid nowadays. States, organisations and employees all have responsibility and a role to play in WLB. This article presents the important areas of the WLB by key players in this field. Purpose: The purpose of the research was to compare and analyse the differences between the actual situation and the expectations of employers and employees with regard to specific areas of WLB in Slovenia. Methodology: Data was gathered using the Computer Assisted Web Interview (CAWI method. In the first part of the research project, employers across all sectors of the economy in Slovenia were questioned and in second part focussed on employees. In order to verify the areas in which employers and employees agree and those in which there are differences in perception, multidimensional scaling (MDS was used. Results: The results of our research show that Slovenian organisations must pay more attention to flexible working time, the employees’ ability to take time off to care for family members, time and stress management workshops and paid leave for parents on a child’s first day of school. Conclusion: A significant role in WLB is played by organisations. The incorporation of WLB strategies into the strategic and financial planning of an organisation can, in fact, have positive business, economic and social effects. Employees have to express their expectations and needs, which is the only way that employers can be made aware of their problems and help with WLB. State responsibility is to encourage all social partners to shape the living environment in which employees’ can achieve a good WLB with an emphasis on gender equality

  17. Teacher Research in Dutch Professional Development Schools: Perceptions of the Actual and Preferred Situation in Terms of the Context, Process and Outcomes of Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vrijnsen-de Corte, Marjan; den Brok, Perry; Kamp, Marcel; Bergen, Theo

    2013-01-01

    This study aims to provide deeper insight into participants' (e.g. school principals, teachers and student teachers) perceptions of the actual and preferred situation in terms of the context, process and outcomes of practice-based research through teachers-as-researchers at Dutch professional development schools. We interviewed eight school…

  18. Antibioterapia en Periodoncia: Situación actual I- Antibióticos Sistémicos Antibioterapy in periodontology: Actual situation. I sistemics antibiotics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Falcao Costa

    2001-04-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se hace una revisión bibliográfica sobre la utilización de los antimicrobianos sistémicos en periodoncia. Hoy día existe una gran diversidad de fármacos con capacidad, científicamente fundamentada, de ayudar al periodoncista en su actividad clínica diaria. La evolución de la periodoncia nos permite con la ayuda de tests microbiológicos conocer las bacterias contra las cuales tenemos que actuar, así como los antibióticos más eficaces. Se discute también las dosis actualmente indicadas.This review article focuses on the use of systemic antibiotics in the management of periodontal diseases. Nowadays, we have a large variety of drugs available to help us in our daily practice. The constant evolution and never ending scientific experiments on this subject provide not only the possibility to identify the bacterial flora involved in periodontal diseases, but also to choose the best antibiotic for each situation.

  19. Biodiversity conservation by farmers: analysis of actual and contingent participation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wossink, G.A.A.; Wenum, J.H.

    2003-01-01

    This paper examines actual and contingent participation by Dutch arable farmers in biodiversity conservation programmes. Probit and Tobit modelling were used to analyse the effect of farm and farmer characteristics and farmer attitudes on participation. The optimal bid offer was derived from a refer

  20. Factor Analysis for Spectral Reconnaissance and Situational Understanding

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-07-11

    reviewed journals: Final Report: Factor Analysis for Spectral Reconnaissance and Situational Understanding Report Title The Army has a critical need for...based NP-hard design problems, by associating them with corresponding estimation problems. 1 Factor Analysis for Spectral Reconnaissance and Situational ...SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF: The Army has a critical need for enhancing situational understanding for dismounted soldiers and rapidly deployed tactical

  1. Assessing the accuracy of wildland fire situation analysis (WFSA) fire size and suppression cost estimates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geoffrey H. Donovan; Peter. Noordijk

    2005-01-01

    To determine the optimal suppression strategy for escaped wildfires, federal land managers are requiredto conduct a wildland fire situation analysis (WFSA). As part of the WFSA process, fire managers estimate final fire size and suppression costs. Estimates from 58 WFSAs conducted during the 2002 fire season are compared to actual outcomes. Results indicate that...

  2. Actual situation and energy perspectives in the Mediterranean Sea Basin countries; Situation actuelle et perspectives energetiques dans les pays du bassin mediterraneen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Benghanem, A. [Societe Nationale d' Electricite et de Gaz d' Algerie, Alger (Algeria)

    2001-03-01

    An examination of the situation in the Mediterranean countries indicates that the demand for energy will surge to more than 1100 million tonnes of petroleum equivalent in 2010, an increase from the 800 million of tonnes of petroleum equivalent in 1998. The supply of primary energy is mainly provided by Algeria, Egypt, and Lybia. The challenge is to ensure the long-term stability of the energy exchanges between producing countries and their customers. In this regard, the Maghreb countries are in a favorable position, where the distribution systems are fairly well developed. The power distribution systems between these countries are interconnected (in addition to Morocco-Spain), and there are pipelines connecting Algeria-Tunisia-Italy, and Algeria-Morocco-Spain which reinforce the cooperation efforts. Other projects are in the planning stages to interconnect Algeria-Spain, Algeria-Sardinia-Italy, and Lybia-Italy. The policies in place in the countries located south of the Mediterranean Sea vary somewhat. In Morocco, an institutional reform of the electricity sector took place in 1995, where electricity production was effected in partnerships rather than being through leases. Tunisia opted for a more radical approach with the Build-Own-Operate (BOO). Algeria aims at reforming regulations concerning electricity, gas and hydrocarbons distribution in an attempt to introduce competitiveness and favor foreign investments. Lybia is considering a reorganization of its electricity sector towards the implementation of market openness. Egypt implemented a vast program of Independent Energy Producers. Turkey adopted the Build-Operate-Transfer (BOT) approach to electricity. South of the Mediterranean Sea, private electricity production is already a reality. The author briefly described the situation in Algeria in greater detail. 2 figs.

  3. Forum: What Has Actually Changed in Physics Departments in the Situation for Women, Graduate Students and Other People?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mulvey, Patrick; Ivie, Rachel; Campbell, David; Murnane, Margaret; Kirby, Kate; Catlla, Anne

    2006-03-01

    The decade of the 90's was a period of intense scrutiny of climate issues in physics departments, e.g. the status of women, the job situation for new Ph.D.'s and postdocs, and the preparation of physicists for careers inside and outside of physics. There were many conference sessions on these topics, and both APS members and leadership instigated important efforts to focus on specific areas. These efforts included the program of visiting committees to departments to examine the situation for women by the Committee on the Status of Women in Physics, the AIP's various studies of a statistical nature, and the creation by the APS of a Committee on Careers and the Forum on Graduate Student Affairs, as well as the recent APS-AAPT task force on graduate education. This forum patterned after similar sessions 10 years ago - will examine how physics departments have changed as a result of such efforts. It will begin with short (12-minute) talks by a panel of experts to describe what has happened in key areas. The greater part of the session will be a period of observations, questions, and discussion from the audience and the panel together. The purpose is to have an interchange on these interrelated topics from which we can all learn. THE TOPICS TO BE INTRODUCED IN THE SHORT TALKS AT THE BEGINNING OF THE SESSION ARE: 1) changes in graduate enrollment, composition, and subsequent jobs (Patrick Mulvey); 2) women in physics and astronomy departments 2005 (Rachel Ivie); 3) changes in graduate curricula and environment (David Campbell); 4) CSWP site visits to physics departments what’s been accomplished and learned (Margaret Murnane); 5) survey of ethical issues in physics departments and the physics profession: results and reactions (Kate Kirby); and (6) physics departments from the point of view of younger physicists (Anne Catlla). The bulk of the session will be a public forum, on these and related issues, among the audience and the panel.

  4. Analysis of Variance: What Is Your Statistical Software Actually Doing?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Jian; Lomax, Richard G.

    2011-01-01

    Users assume statistical software packages produce accurate results. In this article, the authors systematically examined Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) and Statistical Analysis System (SAS) for 3 analysis of variance (ANOVA) designs, mixed-effects ANOVA, fixed-effects analysis of covariance (ANCOVA), and nested ANOVA. For each…

  5. Actual Situation of Thromboembolic Prophylaxis in Obesity Surgery: Data of Quality Assurance in Bariatric Surgery in Germany

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christine Stroh

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Evidence-based data on optimal approach for prophylaxis of deep venous thrombosis (VTE and pulmonary embolism (PE in bariatric operations is discussed. Using antithrombotic prophylaxis weight adjusted the risk of VTE and its complications have to be balanced with the increased bleeding risk. Methods. Since 2005 the current situation for bariatric surgery has been examined by quality assurance study in Germany. As a prospective multicenter observational study, data on the type, regimen, and time course of VTE prophylaxis were documented. The incidences of clinically diagnosed VTE or PE were derived during the in-hospital course and follow up. Results. Overall, 11,835 bariatric procedures were performed between January 2005 and December 2010. Most performed procedures were 2730 gastric banding (GB; 4901 Roux-en-Y-gastric bypass (RYGBP procedures, and 3026 sleeve gastrectomies (SG. Study collective includes 72.5% (mean BMI 48.1 kg/m2 female and 27.5% (mean BMI 50.5 kg/m2 male patients. Incidence of VTE was 0.06% and of PE 0.08%. Conclusion. VTE prophylaxis regimen depends on BMI and the type of procedure. Despite the low incidence of VTE and PE there is a lack of evidence. Therefore, prospective randomized studies are necessary to determine the optimal VTE prophylaxis for bariatric surgical patients.

  6. Situational Analysis and Engineering Work Practices

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Buch, Anders; Andersen, Vibeke

    2013-01-01

    groups of engineers and other experts negotiate their professionalism and expertise in work situations. We set out to demonstrate how ideals about engineering professionalism play an important role in setting standards for the work practices but we also observe how rising demands for ‘efficiency......Studies of work practices of scientists and engineers inspired by Science and Technology Studies (STS) provide new material for a richer understanding of expert cultures and expert work practices. However, the specific and strictly situated focus of many of these studies threatens to limit...... discussions of work practices to departmental and discrete institutional settings. This micro perspective potentially overlooks the inherent and overarching normativities that inform expert culture and expert work practices. Furthermore, the micro perspective has difficulties in transgressing institutional...

  7. An Analysis of Oral English Teaching Situation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲁煦

    2016-01-01

    With the development of economy and culture, the interaction between countries is increasingly closer; English communication is becoming more and more important. But, the oral English teaching in China tends to have some disadvantages, how to change the present situation of college English teaching is particularly important. Aimed at these questions, this article analyses the deficiency of the current spoken English teaching, and put forward rational suggestions.

  8. An Analysis of Personal Factors that Determine Carrie’s Self -Actual-ization in Sister Carrie

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YU Shuang-shuang

    2014-01-01

    In Dreiser’s novel Sister Carrie, the heroine Carrie’s self-actualizing natures are reflected in her self-actualization ef-fort. Those natures include the acceptance of reality and potential to be actress, etc., which play the crucial role of her star jour-ney and self-actualizing effort. Therefore, every woman should have the spiritual spirit;and, at the same time, pursue nobler spiri-tual life.

  9. CONSUMO DE CALCIO: EVOLUCIÓN Y SITUACIÓN ACTUAL The evolution and current situation of calcium consumption

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María del Pilar Barrera P

    2012-03-01

    usually determined its consumption in different groups of the population, inadequate intake being found in most of them, covering less than 50% of the recommended intake, regardless of economic development. Nutritional situation surveys (Encuestas de la Situación Nutricional in Colombia (2005, 2010 have reported a deficit in dairy product consumption, especially in low socioeconomic strata and people living in Colombia's Pacific, Amazonian and Orinoquia regions. The Institute of Medicine (IOM has recently established the recommended daily calcium intake for covering the population's physiological needs; this measure is needed bearing in mind that the scientific evidence has revealed a strong association between low intake and reduced bone mineral density with increased osteoporosis and associated fractures. The IOM has also established maximum tolerable levels (UL for avoiding excess- and supplement useassociated problems. Dietary guidelines in all countries are aimed at promoting healthy eating habits; disclosing/ disseminating such instrument is thus the responsibility of all health professionals, especially nutritionists. Research must be strengthened and strategies developed involving different sectors to improve the population's calcium intake and bone health.

  10. Industrial property as competitiveness factor, current situation and prospects; Propiedad industrial como factor de competitividad situacion actual y perspectivas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Casado Cervino, A.

    2011-07-01

    Throughout this paper, we analyze what is the status of IP in national and international levels and the number and origin of IP applications. This analysis allows to state that our country needs a change in the current economic model in which IP rights must be central. Moreover, this is the purpose of PI Plan 2010-2012: Plan for the Promotion of Industrial Property in Spain, an initiative of the Ministry of Industry, Tourism and Trade approved by the Council of Ministers on March 9, 2010- designed to strengthen the IP in the Spanish economy. (Author) 35 refs.

  11. Modeling the situation awareness by the analysis of cognitive process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Shuang; Wanyan, Xiaoru; Zhuang, Damin

    2014-01-01

    To predict changes of situation awareness (SA) for pilot operating with different display interfaces and tasks, a qualitative analysis and quantitative calculation joint SA model was proposed. Based on the situational awareness model according to the attention allocation built previously, the pilot cognitive process for the situation elements was analyzed according to the ACT-R (Adaptive Control of Thought, Rational) theory, which explained how the SA was produced. To verify the validity of this model, 28 subjects performed an instrument supervision task under different experiment conditions. Situation Awareness Global Assessment Technique (SAGAT), 10-dimensional Situational Awareness Rating Technique (10-D SART), performance measure and eye movement measure were adopted for evaluating SAs under different conditions. Statistical analysis demonstrated that the changing trend of SA calculated by this model was highly correlated with the experimental results. Therefore the situational awareness model can provide a reference for designing new cockpit display interfaces and help reducing human errors.

  12. Sensitivity Analysis of Situational Awareness Measures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shively, R. J.; Davison, H. J.; Burdick, M. D.; Rutkowski, Michael (Technical Monitor)

    2000-01-01

    A great deal of effort has been invested in attempts to define situational awareness, and subsequently to measure this construct. However, relatively less work has focused on the sensitivity of these measures to manipulations that affect the SA of the pilot. This investigation was designed to manipulate SA and examine the sensitivity of commonly used measures of SA. In this experiment, we tested the most commonly accepted measures of SA: SAGAT, objective performance measures, and SART, against different levels of SA manipulation to determine the sensitivity of such measures in the rotorcraft flight environment. SAGAT is a measure in which the simulation blanks in the middle of a trial and the pilot is asked specific, situation-relevant questions about the state of the aircraft or the objective of a particular maneuver. In this experiment, after the pilot responded verbally to several questions, the trial continued from the point frozen. SART is a post-trial questionnaire that asked for subjective SA ratings from the pilot at certain points in the previous flight. The objective performance measures included: contacts with hazards (power lines and towers) that impeded the flight path, lateral and vertical anticipation of these hazards, response time to detection of other air traffic, and response time until an aberrant fuel gauge was detected. An SA manipulation of the flight environment was chosen that undisputedly affects a pilot's SA-- visibility. Four variations of weather conditions (clear, light rain, haze, and fog) resulted in a different level of visibility for each trial. Pilot SA was measured by either SAGAT or the objective performance measures within each level of visibility. This enabled us to not only determine the sensitivity within a measure, but also between the measures. The SART questionnaire and the NASA-TLX, a measure of workload, were distributed after every trial. Using the newly developed rotorcraft part-task laboratory (RPTL) at NASA Ames

  13. [Situation analysis for drug clinical trial institutions].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Yin-Ying; Wu, Ping; Wang, Jie

    2014-08-01

    Drug clinical trial is an important link in the chain of new drug research and development. The results of drug discovery and development directly depend on the extent of standardization of clinical trials. Therefore, improving the quality of drug clinical trials is of great importance, and drug clinical trial institutions play a crucial role in the quality management of drug clinical trials. After years of development, the overall level of drug clinical trials has advanced rapidly in China, and a large number of clinical trials of traditional Chinese medicine have also been carried out. However, there is still a big gap between our country and developed countries. Therefore, for the construction and management of Chinese drug clinical trial institutions, there is still a long way to go. This study aims to analyze the current development of drug clinical trial institutions in China and explore the existing problems from three aspects, including current situations of institutional organization and management, regional and professional distributions, and quality control. And some suggestions are put forward finally, including support of traditional Chinese medicine, introduction of drug-risk management system, and construction of information management.

  14. Digital map and situation surface: a team-oriented multidisplay workspace for network enabled situation analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peinsipp-Byma, E.; Geisler, Jürgen; Bader, Thomas

    2009-05-01

    System concepts for network enabled image-based ISR (intelligence, surveillance, reconnaissance) is the major mission of Fraunhofer IITB's applied research in the area of defence and security solutions. For the TechDemo08 as part of the NATO CNAD POW Defence against terrorism Fraunhofer IITB advanced a new multi display concept to handle the shear amount and high complexity of ISR data acquired by networked, distributed surveillance systems with the objective to support the generation of a common situation picture. Amount and Complexity of ISR data demands an innovative man-machine interface concept for humans to deal with it. The IITB's concept is the Digital Map & Situation Surface. This concept offers to the user a coherent multi display environment combining a horizontal surface for the situation overview from the bird's eye view, an attached vertical display for collateral information and so-called foveatablets as personalized magic lenses in order to obtain high resolved and role-specific information about a focused areaof- interest and to interact with it. In the context of TechDemo08 the Digital Map & Situation Surface served as workspace for team-based situation visualization and analysis. Multiple sea- and landside surveillance components were connected to the system.

  15. A Situational Analysis of Information Management in Selected ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A Situational Analysis of Information Management in Selected Government ... with respect to their ability to effectively manage information within the Vision 2030 ... projects to be implemented in six foundation areas of the Kenya Vision 2030, ...

  16. Situational Analysis on Infection Control Practices in DOTS Centres ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Situational Analysis on Infection Control Practices in DOTS Centres in 7 Local Government Areas in Abia State. ... Open Access DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT ... Instruments used for data collection were the infection control checklist (modified with ...

  17. Improving preconception health and care: a situation analysis

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Ashley Goodfellow; John Frank; John McAteer; Jean Rankin

    2017-01-01

    Background The purpose of this situation analysis was to explore the views of health and non-health professionals working with women of childbearing age on current and future delivery of preconception...

  18. Child malnutrition and mortality in Swaziland: Situation analysis of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Child malnutrition and mortality in Swaziland: Situation analysis of the ... is a major confounding factor for child morbidity and mortality in developing countries. ... and nutrition knowledge, insufficient human resources in child health care; ...

  19. A concept analysis of situational awareness in nursing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fore, Amanda M; Sculli, Gary L

    2013-12-01

    This article reports an analysis of the concept of situational awareness in nursing. Situational awareness is a fundamental and well-understood concept used to maintain operational safety in high reliability organizations; however, it has not been studied in nursing. Nurses play a critical role in providing vigilance in health care and what they do or fail to do is directly related to patient outcomes. Multiple databases, including PubMed, CINAHL, JSTOR, and Google Scholar, were searched with the term, 'situational awareness'. The primary search, used to identify all uses of the concept, did not employ date criteria. A secondary search for articles measuring situational awareness as an independent or dependent variable was completed using 2009-2011 articles. Concept Analysis. The concept of situational awareness was examined using Walker and Avant's eight step method of analysis. Three defining attributes of situational awareness include perception, comprehension, and projection. Situational awareness is defined as the perception of the elements in the environment in a volume of time and space, the comprehension of their meaning and the projection of their status in the near future. Although situational awareness is related to other terms in nursing, there is increasing recognition that the concept, which is likely a consolidation of the related terms, has an impact on healthcare professionals. Failures in perception, comprehension, and/or projection can significantly reduce the accuracy and appropriateness of patient care decisions. Therefore, as a precursor to decision making, poor or inadequate levels of situational awareness present serious threats to patient safety. Situational awareness needs to be examined in a theoretical context, studied systematically and openly recognized as a key factor in the delivery of safe patient care. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  20. Modeling Decisional Situations Using Morphological Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper focuses on models of financial decisions in small and medium enterprises. The presented models are a part of a decision support system presented in the PhD dissertation. One of the modeling techniques used for model creation and development is morphological analysis. This technique is used for model scale reduction not by reducing the number of variables involved but by reducing the number of possible combinations between variables. In this paper we prove how this approach can be used in modeling financial decision problems.

  1. The Short Index of Self-Actualization: A factor analysis study in an Italian sample

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Palmira Faraci

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The concept of self-actualization has been the subject of much theoretical speculation over the years. The essential meaning entails the discovery of the real self and its expression and development. As for the instruments available to measure the construct, there are currently several scales considered to be suitable to this end. However, many of these have been considered too long or presented problems with inadequate validation. This is the reason why a short index of self-actualization has been developed (Jones & Crandall, 1986. This index, best known as the Short Index of Self-Actualization or the SelfActualization Scale (SAS, is now a widely used short form to measure self-actualization. The present study provides a psychometric analysis of the SAS, in order to highlight its strengths and weaknesses and to offer a starting point to a further and broader investigation.

  2. Marketing Situational Analysis of a chosen Company

    OpenAIRE

    Doležal, Ondřej

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this work is the proposal to improve the current situation on the basis of marketing situational analysis of the company which is engaged in the providing services. The company DOPRAVA ZÁRUBA M&K Ltd. provides tire services, vehicle servicing, petrol station, testing centers and emission. The main activity of the company is international road transport. The theoretical part deals with concepts such as the definition of marketing and the marketing environment, marketing mix and SWOT...

  3. Basis for a Waste Management Public Communication Policy: Actual Situation Analysis and Implementation of Corrective Actions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jolivet, L. A.; Maset, E. R.

    2002-02-28

    Argentina will require new sites for the location of radioactive waste final disposal systems. It is currently mandatory to have social and political consensus to obtain the corresponding agreements. The experience obtained with the cancellation of the project ''Feasibility Study and Engineering Project--Repository for High Level Radioactive Waste'', reinforces even more the necessity to count with the acceptance of the public to carry out projects of this kind. The first phase of the former was developed in the 80's: geological, geophysical and hydrogeological studies were performed in a compact granitic rock located in Sierra del Medio, Chubut province. This project had to be called off in the early 90's due to strong social rejection. This decision was closely related to the poor attention given to social communication issues. The governmental decision-makers in charge underwent a lot of pressure from social groups claiming for the cancellation of the project due to the lack of information and the fear it triggered. Thus, the lesson learnt: ''social communication activities must be carefully undertaken in order to achieve the appropriate management of the radioactive waste produced in our country.'' The same as in other countries, the specific National Law demands the formulation of a Strategic Plan which will not only include the research into radioactive waste, but the design of a Social Communication Programme as well. The latter will be in charge of informing the population clearly and objectively about the latest scientific and technological advances in the issue. A tentative perception-attitude pattern of the Argentine society about the overall nuclear issue is outlined in this paper. It is meant to contribute to the understanding of the public's adverse reaction to this kind of project. A communication programme is also presented. Its objective is to install the waste management topic in the public's opinion with a positive real outlook.

  4. Educación en medios de comunicación en Alemania: desarrollo y situación actual Media education in Germany: development and current situation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerhard Tulodziecki

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo analiza de las diferentes tendencias y del estado actual de la enseñanza de los medios de comunicación en la República Federal de Alemania. La educación en medios de comunicación en Alemania se centra en la actualidad en el debate sobre cómo usar esa gran variedad de medios que tenemos a nuestra disposición, con unos fines verdaderamente educativos y fundamentados metodológicamente. Se observa, en relación a este tema, que hay no sólo diferentes ideas conceptuales, sino también diferentes proyectos de investigación y desarrollo, que se ocupan principalmente de las aplicaciones prácticas y de un acercamiento a los colegios, a los programas de formación del profesorado y a otros contextos educativos. This paper analyses the different trends in the current situation of media education in Germany. The discussion point is how to use the large variety of media we have in order to get really educative aims with a scientific basis. The German media education landscape shows not only a lot of different concepts but also a large number of projects on teacher training, school approaching and practical applications.

  5. Inclusive Education Practice in Southwestern Nigeria: A Situational Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adeniyi, Samuel Olufemi; Adeyemi, Akinkunmi Oluwadamilare

    2015-01-01

    This study presented situational analysis of inclusive educational practice in southwestern Nigeria. The study employed descriptive survey research design. Samples of 131 teachers, 51 parents and 51 head teachers/principals were purposively selected from State Grammar School, Ipakodo Junior Grammar School, Methodist Grammar School, Ijokodo High…

  6. Situational Analysis: A Framework for Evidence-Based Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Annan, Jean

    2005-01-01

    Situational analysis is a framework for professional practice and research in educational psychology. The process is guided by a set of practice principles requiring that psychologists' work is evidence-based, ecological, collaborative and constructive. The framework is designed to provide direction for psychologists who wish to tailor their…

  7. Situational Analysis: A Framework for Evidence-Based Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Annan, Jean

    2005-01-01

    Situational analysis is a framework for professional practice and research in educational psychology. The process is guided by a set of practice principles requiring that psychologists' work is evidence-based, ecological, collaborative and constructive. The framework is designed to provide direction for psychologists who wish to tailor their…

  8. Cognitive and Situational Precipitants of Loneliness Among Patients With Cancer: A Qualitative Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams, Rebecca N; Mosher, Catherine E; Abonour, Rafat; Robertson, Michael J; Champion, Victoria L; Kroenke, Kurt

    2016-03-01

    To identify situations and thoughts that may precipitate or protect against loneliness experienced by patients with cancer. 
 Qualitative. 
 The hematology/oncology clinic at the Indiana University Melvin and Bren Simon Cancer Center, an outpatient oncology center in Indianapolis. 
 Purposive sample of 15 patients undergoing treatment for multiple myeloma or non-Hodgkin lymphoma. 
 Individual, semistructured qualitative interviews were conducted. Theoretical thematic analysis was used to analyze interview data.
 Factors that appeared to precipitate loneliness included several situations (e.g., physical isolation, social constraints such as criticism) and thoughts (e.g., unmet expectations for visits or questions about health, belief that others do not understand their cancer experience). Several situations (e.g., social support, normal routine) and thoughts (e.g., beliefs that time alone is desirable and that others' discomfort with cancer-related discussions is normative) appeared to protect against loneliness. Certain social situations were loneliness-inducing for some patients and not for others, suggesting that patients' thoughts about their situations, rather than the situations themselves, have the greatest impact on their loneliness. 
 The current study fills gaps in loneliness theory by identifying cancer-related situations and thoughts that patients associate with their loneliness. Consistent with theory, patients reported feeling lonely when they had negative thoughts about their social situations. 
 Findings inform nursing assessment and intervention strategies to incorporate into care plans. For instance, when conducting assessments, nurses should be more attentive to patients' satisfaction with their social environment than actual characteristics of the environment. Normalizing patients' experiences and encouraging positive thoughts about others' behavior may reduce patients' loneliness.

  9. Situation Songs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kolar-Borsky, Agnes; Holck, Ulla

    2014-01-01

    author’s clinical experience with situation songs (preunderstandings), a systematic analysis of relevant literature, followed by semi-structured interviews with three music therapists from Denmark, Austria and Germany. A flexible investigation approach was used, following hermeneutic principles......The aim of this study was to survey the various therapeutic intentions behind the use of one particular improvisation method applied in pediatric music therapy, called the situation song (from the German term “Situationslied”- Plahl & Koch-Temming, 2008, p. 180). According to Plahl & Koch......-Temming the term situation song describes an improvised song, which is sung by the therapist or/and the child and which relates to the actual occurrence and the therapeutic relationship. The presented study focuses on the therapist’s singing only. The study was conducted in stages: An elaboration of the first...

  10. Review Essay: Making a Mess with Situational Analysis?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tom Mathar

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Adele CLARKE, a student of grounded theory co-founder Anselm STRAUSS, uses situational analysis to develop both a methodology and a method which is able to represent the field's messiness, i.e., its heterogeneous and complex character. Grounded theory, CLARKE's starting point, is stuck in a modernist world-view, particularly by looking too much for a pure and oversimplified "basic social process". In order to make grounded theory post-modern, CLARKE considers discourses that are beyond pragmatism, e.g., those initiated by FOUCAULT, LATOUR, HARAWAY. This review essay argues that even though there remain some uncertainties in engaging in this epistemological hybrid, situational analysis provides a very good instrument for researchers to come into their material more deeply and, therefore, is a convincing tool for practice-oriented social science working with qualitative methods. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs080244

  11. Punishment for consumption pass port. The actual situation of the energy passport and EnEV-Novella; Strafe fuer den Verbrauchsausweis. Zur aktuellen Lage des Energiepasses und der EnEV-Novelle

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Genath, B.

    2006-05-15

    Immobility economy still hinder the introduction of the energy passport in Germany. Furtheron the Federal States and the EU-Parliament are not harmonizing, so that a quick introduction of the novelled energy saving ordinance will stay a long-running success. An attempt to describe the actual situation. (GL)

  12. Bioprospección: Plan nacional y aproximación al estado actual en Colombia Bioprospection: National Plan and Up to Date Situation in Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Melgarejo Luz Marina

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available Esta reflexión muestra algunos conceptos relacionados con el plan nacional y la situación de la bioprospección en ColombiaThis review shows some bioprospecction conceptual aspects and referes to the national plan and present situation in Colombia

  13. Bioprospección: Plan nacional y aproximación al estado actual en Colombia Bioprospection: National Plan and Up to Date Situation in Colombia

    OpenAIRE

    Melgarejo Luz Marina

    2003-01-01

    Esta reflexión muestra algunos conceptos relacionados con el plan nacional y la situación de la bioprospección en ColombiaThis review shows some bioprospecction conceptual aspects and referes to the national plan and present situation in Colombia

  14. Adaptive Approach for Situational Analysis of Space Experiments

    CERN Document Server

    Atanassov, Atanas Marinov

    2010-01-01

    The solving of scientific and practical application connected with conducting of satellite experiments and measurement demand analysis of geometric and physic conditions according to different kind of models. This is forced in connect of optimization of complex and expensive scientific projects. This article treat complex situation conditions described as conjunction of elementary mutually independent are discussed. Two formal algorithms based on alternative strategy for verification of multitude of the checked conditions which increase effectiveness of model calculation are present in this article. Every algorithm is connected with an approach for rearranging of the multitude of conditions. The inverse problem is presented as disjunction of all inverse constrains. The possibilities for applying of these algorithms are analyzed and behavior and effectiveness of the proposed algorithms are discussed.

  15. Comparative analysis of operational forecasts versus actual weather conditions in airline flight planning, volume 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keitz, J. F.

    1982-01-01

    The impact of more timely and accurate weather data on airline flight planning with the emphasis on fuel savings is studied. This volume of the report discusses the results of Task 2 of the four major tasks included in the study. Task 2 compares various catagories of flight plans and flight tracking data produced by a simulation system developed for the Federal Aviation Administrations by SRI International. (Flight tracking data simulate actual flight tracks of all aircraft operating at a given time and provide for rerouting of flights as necessary to resolve traffic conflicts.) The comparisons of flight plans on the forecast to flight plans on the verifying analysis confirm Task 1 findings that wind speeds are generally underestimated. Comparisons involving flight tracking data indicate that actual fuel burn is always higher than planned, in either direction, and even when the same weather data set is used. Since the flight tracking model output results in more diversions than is known to be the case, it was concluded that there is an error in the flight tracking algorithm.

  16. Mesh Partitioning Algorithm Based on Parallel Finite Element Analysis and Its Actualization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lei Zhang

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In parallel computing based on finite element analysis, domain decomposition is a key technique for its preprocessing. Generally, a domain decomposition of a mesh can be realized through partitioning of a graph which is converted from a finite element mesh. This paper discusses the method for graph partitioning and the way to actualize mesh partitioning. Relevant softwares are introduced, and the data structure and key functions of Metis and ParMetis are introduced. The writing, compiling, and testing of the mesh partitioning interface program based on these key functions are performed. The results indicate some objective law and characteristics to guide the users who use the graph partitioning algorithm and software to write PFEM program, and ideal partitioning effects can be achieved by actualizing mesh partitioning through the program. The interface program can also be used directly by the engineering researchers as a module of the PFEM software. So that it can reduce the application of the threshold of graph partitioning algorithm, improve the calculation efficiency, and promote the application of graph theory and parallel computing.

  17. A Goal-Function Approach to Analysis of Control Situations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lind, Morten

    2010-01-01

    The concept of situations plays a central role in all theories of meaning and context. and serve to frame or group events and other occurrences into coherent meaningful wholes. Situations are typed, may be interconnected and organized into higher level structures. In operation of industrial...... processes situations should identify operational aspects relevant for control agent’s decision making in plant supervision and control. Control situations can be understood as recurrent and interconnected patterns of control with important implications for control and HMI design. Goal-Function approaches...... to systems modeling like Multilevel Flow Modeling can be used to represent control situations. The paper will describe an action theoretical foundation for MFM and its use for the development of a theory of control situations....

  18. Situated Analysis of Team Handball Players' Decisions: An Exploratory Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lenzen, Benoit; Theunissen, Catherine; Cloes, Marc

    2009-01-01

    This exploratory study aimed to investigate elements involved in decision making in team handball live situations and to provide coaches and educators with teaching recommendations. The study was positioned within the framework of the situated-action paradigm of which two aspects were of particular interest for this project: (a) the relationship…

  19. Gynaecology - Quo vadis? Situation Analysis, National and International Perspectives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brucker, S Y; Simoes, E; Wallwiener, D

    2014-12-01

    In a large and heavily networked specialty like gynaecology it is a particular challenge with regard to future status to achieve excellent patient care, research and teaching. At the same time not only hospitals but also research facilities are experiencing increasing pressure from performance and competition sides in terms of survival and further development on the clinical, scientific and economic fronts. The numerous changes, including paradigm shifts, in medicine, society, the health-care system and scientific innovations present new challenges to the specialty. This leads to questions about priority, problem areas and weaknesses as well as to new opportunities for the field and the overall question if it will be possible to meet the paradigm shifts and problems by the creation of new structures. In the light of the need for and the potential of design measures, this article presents a SWOT analysis of the specialty's situation as a whole and in particular for gynaecology in German universities. One sees additional demands that add up to an expansion of the tasks. At the same time the shortage of new recruits becomes apparent. A broadening of the perspectives on women's health and individualised medicine come into focus. Partial solutions include new supporting structures, capacity measurements as well as even structural options. In particular, the department structure, that is common abroad, opens an opportunity for specialisation while maintaining unity for a broader further training and strengthened research. Chances and strengths of the specialty are especially effective in coordinated and concerted activities.

  20. Are TB control programmes in South Asia ignoring children with disease? A situational analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shakoor, Sadia; Qamar, Farah Naz; Mir, Fatima; Zaidi, Anita; Hasan, Rumina

    2015-02-01

    Paediatric tuberculosis (TB) has long been an evasive entity for public health practitioners striving to control the disease. Owing to difficulty in diagnosis of paediatric TB, incidence estimates based on current case detection fall short of actual rates. The four high-burden countries in South Asia (SA-HBC)-Afghanistan, Pakistan, India and Bangladesh-alone account for >75% of missed TB cases worldwide. It follows that these countries are also responsible for a large although unmeasured proportion of missed paediatric cases. In view of current Millennium Development Goals recommending a scale-up of paediatric TB detection and management globally, there is a dire need to improve paediatric TB programmes in these high-burden countries. Inherent problems with diagnosis of paediatric TB are compounded by programmatic and social barriers in SA-HBC. We have reviewed the current situation of TB control programmes in SA-HBC countries based on published statistics and performed a strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats situational analysis with a view towards identifying critical issues operant in the region posing barriers to improving paediatric TB control. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://group.bmj.com/group/rights-licensing/permissions.

  1. Performance Analysis of Two CFAR Detectors in Clutter Edge Situation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    This paper studies the performance of the GOSGO and GOSSO CFAR detectors [1] in clutter edge situation. The authors derive the analytic expressions of the false alarm probabilities in that situation, analyze their performances against clutter edge, and compare them with the OS, CA, GO and SO detectors. The results show that GOSGO possesses better performance than GO for countering clutter, but the performance of GOSSO is very unideal.

  2. Metabolitos secundários como fontes de bioherbicidas: situação actual e perspectivas Secondary metabolites as sources of bioherbicides: present situation and perspectives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L.S. Dias

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Metabolitos secundários produzidos e libertados por plantas, bactérias e fungos estão envolvidos numa variedade de processos ecológicos, nomeadamente como semioquímicos e alelopatinos. Adicionalmente, e para além das suas possíveis funções ecológicas, muitos dos metabolitos secundários são fitotóxicos, constituindo uma fonte relativamente inexplorada de novos herbicidas. Solanum nigrum (erva-moira é uma infestante importante e muito bem sucedida num grande número de culturas, nomeadamente hortícolas e será usada como exemplo principal das utilizações actuais de aleloquímicos vegetais bem como das perspectivas de utilização deste tipo de compostos como bioherbicidas. Nesse âmbito revêem-se as principais estratégias de pesquisa de bioherbicidas e apresenta-se o estado da arte dos modos de acção de aleloquímicos já comercializados como herbicidas (Bialaphos e PPT, patenteados (AAL-toxina e em investigação, quer produzidos por plantas superiores (sorgoleona e derivados do cineol quer de origem bacteriana (hidantocidina e fúngica (fumonisinas, coletotriquina.Secondary metabolites produced and released by plants, bacteria, and fungi are involved in a number of ecological processes, namely as semiochemicals and allelopathins. In addition, and beside their possible ecological roles, a greater number of secondary metabolites are phytotoxic and represent a relatively unexplored source of new herbicides. Solanum nigrum (black nightshade is an important and successful weed in many crops, namely in horticulture, and will be used as a major example of actual and prospective uses of phytoallelochemicals as bioherbicides. Therefore, the main strategies for bioherbicides search are reviewed and the state of art of the modes of action of allelochemicals is presented, including those already in use as herbicides (Bialaphos and PPT, patented (AAL-toxin, and under investigation, whether produced by plants (sorgoleone and cineol

  3. Gynaecology – Quo vadis? Situation Analysis, National and International Perspectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brucker, S. Y.; Simoes, E.; Wallwiener, D.

    2014-01-01

    In a large and heavily networked specialty like gynaecology it is a particular challenge with regard to future status to achieve excellent patient care, research and teaching. At the same time not only hospitals but also research facilities are experiencing increasing pressure from performance and competition sides in terms of survival and further development on the clinical, scientific and economic fronts. The numerous changes, including paradigm shifts, in medicine, society, the health-care system and scientific innovations present new challenges to the specialty. This leads to questions about priority, problem areas and weaknesses as well as to new opportunities for the field and the overall question if it will be possible to meet the paradigm shifts and problems by the creation of new structures. In the light of the need for and the potential of design measures, this article presents a SWOT analysis of the specialtyʼs situation as a whole and in particular for gynaecology in German universities. One sees additional demands that add up to an expansion of the tasks. At the same time the shortage of new recruits becomes apparent. A broadening of the perspectives on womenʼs health and individualised medicine come into focus. Partial solutions include new supporting structures, capacity measurements as well as even structural options. In particular, the department structure, that is common abroad, opens an opportunity for specialisation while maintaining unity for a broader further training and strengthened research. Chances and strengths of the specialty are especially effective in coordinated and concerted activities. PMID:25568466

  4. [Hansen's disease-associated disabilities in sanatoria residents. A study of the actual situation in three sanatoria located in the Setouchi area].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aoki, Yoshinori

    2004-09-01

    Clarification of details of Hansen's disease in Japan is important for obtaining an adequate understanding of the present circumstances regarding control and for formulation of specific suggestions for future measures. The average age of residents in national Hansen's disease sanatoria reached 74.9 in May 2002 and most of these suffer from serious disabilities caused by the disease. In order to implement measures facilitating their return to society or secure living in sanatoria, a proper understanding of the residents' physical situation is essential. Therefore, the present study was conducted of residents suffering from Hansen's disease in Japan. A direct interview was conducted with all 1282 residents of three sanatoria, located in the Setouchi area: Nagashima-aiseien, Oku-komyoen, and Oshima-seishoen. An investigator visited the rooms of the residents, interviewed them using a questionnaire, which consisted of about 100 items including the OPCS scale, and filled out an answer form. The reply rate was 64%. The average age of the residents was found to be 72.8 years, their average age when they entered the sanatoria was 26.0 years, and the average period of residence was 52.4 years. The damage they suffer as a result of the isolation policy is physical, mental, economical and social. That is to say, their entire life is harmed as a direct result of the Leprosy Prevention Law or the Eugenic Protection Law with discrimination in society and negative effects on their families. Their physical condition features serious disabilities in the use of fingers, as well as in walking and seeing caused by peripheral nerve damage. Such disabilities are related to their age and period of residence, and in addition, these in use of their fingers are related to the work which residents were forced to do in sanatoria. The results indicate that patients' physical condition is related to their age, how long they have had the disease and their work in sanatoria. It is clear that

  5. Numerical analysis of an entire ceramic kiln under actual operating conditions for the energy efficiency improvement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milani, Massimo; Montorsi, Luca; Stefani, Matteo; Saponelli, Roberto; Lizzano, Maurizio

    2017-04-05

    The paper focuses on the analysis of an industrial ceramic kiln in order to improve the energy efficiency and thus the fuel consumption and the corresponding carbon dioxide emissions. A lumped and distributed parameter model of the entire system is constructed to simulate the performance of the kiln under actual operating conditions. The model is able to predict accurately the temperature distribution along the different modules of the kiln and the operation of the many natural gas burners employed to provide the required thermal power. Furthermore, the temperature of the tiles is also simulated so that the quality of the final product can be addressed by the modelling. Numerical results are validated against experimental measurements carried out on a real ceramic kiln during regular production operations. The developed numerical model demonstrates to be an efficient tool for the investigation of different design solutions for the kiln's components. In addition, a number of control strategies for the system working conditions can be simulated and compared in order to define the best trade off in terms of fuel consumption and product quality. In particular, the paper analyzes the effect of a new burner type characterized by internal heat recovery capability aimed at improving the energy efficiency of the ceramic kiln. The fuel saving and the relating reduction of carbon dioxide emissions resulted in the order of 10% when compared to the standard burner. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  6. Discussion of Population Modernization Theory and Actuality Analysis of Population Modernization in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Shu

    2004-01-01

    This paper discusses the basic concept and connotation of population modernization.The author briefly analyzes the actuality of population modernization in China, gives some advice and puts forward some measures.

  7. Situated student learning and spatial informational analysis for environmental problems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olsen, Timothy Paul

    Ninth and tenth grade high school Biology student research teams used spatial information analysis tools to site a prairie restoration plot on a 55 acre campus during a four-week environment unit. Students made use of innovative technological practices by applying geographic information systems (GIS) approaches to solving environmental and land use problems. Student learning was facilitated by starting with the students' initial conceptions of computing, local landscape and biological environment, and then by guiding them through a problem-based science project process. The project curriculum was framed by the perspective of legitimate peripheral participation (Lave & Wenger, 1991) where students were provided with learning opportunities designed to allow them to act like GIS practitioners. Sociocultural lenses for learning were employed to create accounts of human mental processes that recognize the essential relationship between these processes and their cultural, historical, and institutional settings (Jacob, 1997; Wertsch, 1991). This research investigated how student groups' meaning-making actions were mediated by GIS tools on the periphery of a scientific community of practice. Research observations focused on supporting interpretations of learners' socially constructed actions and the iterative building of assertions from multiple sources. These included the artifacts students produced, the tools they used, the cultural contexts that constrained their activity, and how people begin to adopt ways of speaking (speech genres) of the referent community to negotiate meanings and roles. Students gathered field observations and interpreted attributes of landscape entities from the GIS data to advocate for an environmental decision. However, even while gaining proficiencies with GIS tools, most students did not begin to appropriate roles from the GIS community of practice. Students continued to negotiate their project actions simply as school exercises motivated by

  8. A Novel Study: A Situation Model Analysis of Reading Times

    Science.gov (United States)

    McNerney, M. Windy; Goodwin, Kerri A.; Radvansky, Gabriel A.

    2011-01-01

    One of the basic findings on situation models and language comprehension is that reading times are affected by the changing event structure in a text. However, many studies have traditionally used multiple, relatively short texts, in which there is little event consistency across the texts. It is unclear to what extent such changes will be…

  9. Present situation of the control of the transmissions of thermal power plants in Colombia; Situacion actual del control de las emisiones de centrales termoelectricas en Colombia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garcia Lozada, Hector [Consultor Ambiental, Bogota (Colombia)

    1996-12-31

    This paper presents, departing from a historical recollection, the evolution analysis of the Colombian Electric Sector, with emphasis in the electric component performance. Also, a general view is offered on the characteristics of the thermal electric resource in terms of energy production level, type of fuels used and annual amount of air pollutants originated in the combustion process. In the second part of the paper the normative scheme and the regulation for emissions control, particularly coming from power plants; and the tendencies in the policies that for the management of the atmospheric resource are being implemented in the country are identified. [Espanol] En este articulo se presenta, a partir de un breve recuento historico, el analisis de la evolucion del Sector Electrico Colombiano con enfasis en el comportamiento del componente termoelectrico. Asi mismo se ofrece una vision general sobre las caracteristicas del parque termico, en terminos de los niveles de produccion de energia, los tipos de combustibles utilizados y las cantidades anuales de contaminantes atmosfericos que se generan en el proceso de combustion. En la segunda parte del trabajo se comenta el esquema normativo y la regulacion para el control de las emisiones, en particular de las procedentes de plantas termoelectricas; y se identifican las tendencias de las politicas que para la administracion del recurso atmosferico se estan implantando en el pais.

  10. Epidemiología de la desnutrición en Latinoamérica: situación actual Malnutrition epidemiology in Latin America: current situation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Kac

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: la desnutrición infantil es uno de los principales problemas de salud pública de América Latina. Objetivo: presentar un análisis en el ámbito de tres indicadores antropométricos, considerando los países, el sexo, el área geográfica y las condiciones socio-económicas. Método: la descripción de la desnutrición infantil (escore-z 40% Guatemala. La relación entre desnutrición y los indicadores socioeconómicos fue siempre inversa, excepto en el caso de la mortalidad infantil. Conclusiones: Haití, Guatemala, Honduras y Nicaragua son los países que se encuentran con las altas prevalencia de desnutrición. La relación entre desnutrición e indicadores socio económicos fue inversa para IDH, esperanza de vida la nacer y tasa de alfabetización. La relación de mortalidad infantil fue positiva.Introduction: malnutrition is one of the most important public health problems in Latin-America. Objective: to present an analysis based on three anthropometric indicators considering the countries, sex, geographic area and socioeconomic conditions. Methods: The childhood malnutrition (z-score 40% Guatemala. The relation between malnutrition and socioeconomic indicators was always inverse except for infant mortality. Conclusions: Haiti, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua were the countries with the highest malnutrition prevalence. The relation between malnutrition and socioeconomic was inverse for IDH, birth expectancy and schooling. The relation with infant mortality was positive.

  11. Situational analysis of infant and young child nutrition policies and programmatic activities in Chad.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wuehler, Sara E; Nadjilem, Djasndibye

    2011-04-01

    Progress towards reducing mortality and malnutrition among children nutrition in the Sahel', starting with an analysis of current activities related to infant and young child nutrition (IYCN). The main objectives of the situational analysis are to compile, analyse, and interpret available information on infant and child feeding, and the nutrition situation of children nutrition policy was yet ratified in Chad, so the target of many documents reviewed was the malnourished child. Researchers have identified some barriers to optimal feeding practices. However, the majority of these surveys were small scale, so they do not necessarily provide information relevant to the general population. Expanded surveys would be needed for developing evidence-based educational messages targeted to local needs. Reviewed training materials and related programmes being implemented in Chad provide specific guidance for nearly all of the key IYCN topics, except for appropriate feeding choices for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV. Some of the programmes were intended for national coverage, but we could not confirm whether these programmes were actually implemented nationally. Monitoring and evaluation reports were available for some small-scale programmes, but few of these evaluated whether IYCN-specific programme components were implemented as designed and none evaluated whether participants adopted the promoted feeding practices. Establishment of the policy and programme framework has commenced for improving IYCN practices. Formative research is needed to guide the development of evidence-based training materials and programmes to address the nutritional needs of infants and children. Once more directed programmes are established, there is a further need for rigorous monitoring and evaluation to ensure that training is adequate, programmes are implemented as designed, and effective programmes are identified for expansion nationally. Evaluations are also needed to

  12. An Analysis of Context of Situation in Public Speaking

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨帆

    2013-01-01

      The research mainly discuss that public speeches should be made and delivered in accordance of speaking situation. By investigating different sample public speeches, it can be found that proper use of“context of situation”plays an important role in making public speeches appropriate both in linguistic scope and in social scope. The research also gives some suggestions on writ⁃ing of public speeches.

  13. Situation Still Grim, Company Confidence Return Analysis for Entrepreneur Questionaire

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    To better understand the current situation of China textile industry and the enterprisesdemand,China Textile Entrepreneur Association joined hands with China Textile StatisticsCenter to make a questionaire survey on the executives of textile mills and manufacturers atthe end of Dec.2008.More than 100 questionaries were returned by the end of Jan.2009.123 of them were reviewed and analyzed.Here below are the key points:

  14. Analysis of Actual Versus Projected Medical Claims Under the First Year of ACA-Mandated Coverage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael J. McCue DBA

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available For the individual market, 2014 was the first year Affordable Care Act medical claims experience data were available to set 2016 rates. Accessing Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services rate data for 175 state insurers, this study compares projected medical claims with actual medical claims of 2014, as well as the cost and utilization of benefit categories for inpatient, outpatient, professional, and prescription drug spending. Actual costs per member per month (pmpm were greater than projected in 2014 for inpatient, outpatient, and prescription spending but not for professional care. Overall, actual median medical cost was $443 pmpm, which was significantly higher by $41 than projected cost. Greater utilization of health care was primarily responsible for higher realized medical claims. In terms of the specific benefit categories—inpatient, outpatient, and prescription—actual costs pmpm were significantly higher than projected values. In terms of the drivers of inpatient costs, on an admission basis, higher costs and greater utilization of admissions resulted in higher inpatient costs. For outpatient costs pmpm, higher utilization rather than unit cost per visit drove increased costs. Higher than expected prescription drug costs were driven by both greater utilization and cost per prescription.

  15. Perceived and Actual Behavior in Female Sexual Assertiveness: A Within-Couple Analysis in Hong Kong.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Huiping; Yip, Paul S F

    2017-04-21

    Studies in female sexual assertiveness have generally focused on individuals rather than couples, and little research has been conducted in the Chinese context. This study examined perceived and actual female sexual assertiveness at the couple level, and also explored its impact on marital and sexual satisfaction with a representative sample of 770 couples in Hong Kong. The results showed that husbands reported a higher level of acceptance of female sexual assertiveness in both perception and actual behavior; furthermore, couples reported greater congruence in their perception of female sexual initiation than actual behavior. Multiple logistic regressions showed that actual female sexual assertiveness, not the perception of it, affects both spouses' marital and sexual satisfaction. Compared with couples in which neither accepted female sexual initiation in practice, husbands where both spouses accepted this were more likely to be satisfied with the marriage. Husbands who accepted female sexual refusal whilst their wives did not were also more likely to be satisfied with both the marital and sexual relationship. Similarly, wives who did accept female sexual assertiveness but whose husbands did not were more likely to be satisfied with both the marital and sexual relationship.

  16. The Survey and Analysis of Excellent Senior High School Physics Teachers' Professional Growth Actuality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Haibin; Liu, Tingting

    2010-01-01

    Excellent senior high school physics teachers are the backbone power in the new course reform of physics in China. The excellent senior high school physics teachers' professional growth actuality in Shandong is surveyed in this article by the self-made "Questionnaire of Excellent Senior High School Physics Teachers' Professional Growth",…

  17. The analysis of actual and symbolic models of secondary school students in Serbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stepanović Ivana

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with role models of secondary school students in Serbia. In the course of adolescence, there is a gradual separation from parental figures, and other persons become role models for behavior. For that reason, secondary school population is of interest when analyzing this phenomenon, particularly bearing in mind that role models influence not only social, but also other aspects of development. We analyzed role models from students' personal (actual models and public life (symbolic models. The main aim was to determine who their actual and symbolic models are, and why secondary school students look up to them. Based on the data on secondary school students' actual models, it is possible to identify who important persons from their milieu are and why they are important to them. The data about the categories in which symbolic models can be divided, as well as about their occurrence, indicate the young people's system of values in these analyses. The sample comprises 2426 students from 26 schools in 9 Serbian towns. Actual and symbolic models were examined in separate questions, where students were asked to name up to three people from their private life or the world of celebrities that they look up to. 53,9% of students named their actual models, the most common being their mothers. Nearly half the examinees (49,3% stated their symbolic models are public figures. Most symbolic models are from the world of show-business. The results show that parental figures remain the models of behavior throughout adolescence. The data about the categories of symbolic models show the young are drawn to the world of entertainment and indicate a weak role of schools as a potential source of models in the fields of science and culture who would promote cognitive values.

  18. Oceanographic Data Repositories: An Analysis of the International Situation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabiano Couto Corrêa da Silva

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available The preservation and organization of oceanographic research data enables the scientific community to consult and reuse information of different kinds, and this is made possible by the repositories, meaning the services that facilitate data storage and dissemination. This paper reviews the current situation of oceanographic data repositories across different countries and evaluates them according to a series of indicators. The writers propose that although interest in storing and reusing oceanographic data has increased in recent years, the repositories are still in the process of developing their systems for processing, disseminating and reusing data. The repositories also differ in terms of architecture and the organizational level of the content they offer.

  19. A Study of Sound Contents Development based On Analysis and Compare Foley Sound to Actual Sound of Wind

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ik-Soo Ahn

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Foley sound of wind is often used as a background sound of radio drama in early period of broadcasting. It is one of the tools that has applied the most creative and scientific theory. This research provides scientific proof on similarities and creativity of Foley sound of wind through comparison and analysis of Foley sound and the actual wind sound.

  20. Technography and Design-Actuality Gap-Analysis of Internet Computer Technologies-Assisted Education: Western Expectations and Global Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greenhalgh-Spencer, Heather; Jerbi, Moja

    2017-01-01

    In this paper, we provide a design-actuality gap-analysis of the internet infrastructure that exists in developing nations and nations in the global South with the deployed internet computer technologies (ICT)-assisted programs that are designed to use internet infrastructure to provide educational opportunities. Programs that specifically…

  1. Comparative Analysis of Thermoeconomic Evaluation Criteria for an Actual Heat Engine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Özel, Gülcan; Açıkkalp, Emin; Savaş, Ahmet Fevzi; Yamık, Hasan

    2016-07-01

    In the present study, an actual heat engine is investigated by using different thermoeconomic evaluation criteria in the literature. A criteria that has not been investigated in detail is considered and it is called as ecologico-economical criteria (F_{EC}). It is the difference of power cost and exergy destruction rate cost of the system. All four criteria are applied to an irreversible Carnot heat engine, results are presented numerically and some suggestions are made.

  2. Analysis of pedagogical and cultural situations from the vantage point of discourse analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio José Murillo-Murgueítio

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper encompasses analyses of pedagogical and cultural situations from the perspective of some of the authors studied in our discourse analysis class. Cultural authenticity and cultural stereotypes are dealt with stemming from real issues and mirroring them through the lens of Kramsch ́s (1998 insights. McCarthy (1994 is referred to when a curricular principle, the familiar to unfamiliar principle is considered as a pedagogical approach in ESL teaching.

  3. Situational Analysis and Mapping for Use in Education Research: A Reflexive Methodology?

    Science.gov (United States)

    den Outer, Birgit; Handley, Karen; Price, Margaret

    2013-01-01

    In the quest for a better reflexive research practice and to respond to the challenge of expanding on an education research repertoire, the authors consider "situational analysis," proposed as a post-modern approach to grounded theory using maps. Originally situating their research projects within a social constructivist theoretical…

  4. Situational Analysis and Mapping for Use in Education Research: A Reflexive Methodology?

    Science.gov (United States)

    den Outer, Birgit; Handley, Karen; Price, Margaret

    2013-01-01

    In the quest for a better reflexive research practice and to respond to the challenge of expanding on an education research repertoire, the authors consider "situational analysis," proposed as a post-modern approach to grounded theory using maps. Originally situating their research projects within a social constructivist theoretical…

  5. Situation Analysis of Developing ReBAM in Yanji City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    The ratification and implementation of Cooperation and Development Planning Outline of Tumen River Region in China will have great significance to the frontier opening-up in the Northeast Asia Region of China, economic cooperation in sub-region of Tumen River, and the development of tourism in forerunner zone of "Changchun-Jilin-Tumen". Yanji City is regarded as the fulcrum Chinese city in "Golden Triangle" of Northeast Asian economic zone, whose breakthrough and development in tourism and recreation is in face of new situation. Based on analyzing strength, weakness, opportunity and threat of development of ReBAM in Yanji City, our research further deepens the systematic understanding of development of ReBAM in Yanji City. And we get the conclusion that Yanji city should take the opportunity of cooperation and development of Tumen River Region in China on the basis of newly fledged ReBAM at present, to exploit the potential of market demand for ReBAM, and implement proactive growth-oriented strategy to further improve urban tourism structural system in Yanji City.

  6. Cue Representation and Situational Awareness in Task Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carl, Diana R.

    2009-01-01

    Task analysis in human performance technology is used to determine how human performance can be well supported with training, job aids, environmental changes, and other interventions. Early work by Miller (1953) and Gilbert (1969, 1974) addressed cue processing in task execution and recommended cue descriptions in task analysis. Modern task…

  7. Farmacovigilancia en medicina veterinaria: una perspectiva desde el punto de vista internacional y situación actual en Chile Pharmacovigilance in veterinary medicine: an international perspective and the current situation in Chile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D Iragiien

    2007-01-01

    . Pharmacovigilance programs for human and veterinary medicine have been established by the United States of America, the European Union, the United Kingdom and Australia, among others. These programs gather information on adverse reactions by spontaneous reporting systems. Regulatory agencies analyze the reports and adopt decisions as needed, such as the modifications of the technical specifications or the withdrawal of certain drugs of the market, as it has been done for human medicine. Since 1995, a human pharmacovigilance program has been established in Chile and is carried out by the Instituto de Salud Pública. On the contrary, safety and efficacy of veterinary medicines are only considered in the registration process under the responsibility of the Ministry of Agriculture (Servicio Agrícola y Ganadero. As a consequence, the frequency and severity of adverse reactions remains unknown. The importance of pharmacovigilance programs and the actions needed to fulfill their objectives are shown by the international experience. An analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of international pharmacovigilance systems and the current situation in Chile is presented

  8. PROBLEMATIZATION OF SCIENTIFIC ANALYSIS OF SELF-ACTUALIZATION FOR PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES OF JUVENILE CATEGORY: INCLUSIVE CONTEXT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julia A. Afonkina

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to the relevant issue of selfactualization for persons with juvenile category disabilities which is connected with the new paradigm of learning disabilities from the perspective of independent life and equality of rights for all without any exception citizens.The given problem satisfied the state strategy of developing a civil society, the democratic idea of necessary support and maintenance for equal rights and freedom that binds with the steady development of the modern social life.The purpose of the research is the development of advanced scientific and research perspective of the study of self-actualization for disables based on the analysis of contradictions of the socialization process in the juvenile period.The author implements that in the context of their proposed concept of human dignity.Self-actualization is considered by the author as a mechanism of social inclusion and integration for the disabled. This approach reflects the new context of conceptualization and scientific interpretation for these social processes due to a complex set of external and internal determinants.The author first developed and presented in the article a scientific interpretation of self-actualization process in relation to the juvenile period.As well, the author determined the problem field for scientific research of self-actualization for the juvenile category disabled and the practical opportunities for applying the received results for the developing social inclusion and integration practice. 

  9. Improved Conjunction Analysis via Collaborative Space Situational Awareness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelso, T.; Vallado, D.; Chan, J.; Buckwalter, B.

    With recent events such as the Chinese ASAT test in 2007 and the USA 193 intercept in 2008, many satellite operators are becoming increasingly aware of the potential threat to their satellites as the result of orbital debris or even other satellites. However, to be successful at conjunction monitoring and collision avoidance requires accurate orbital information for as many space objects (payloads, dead satellites, rocket bodies, and debris) as possible. Given the current capabilities of the US Space Surveillance Network (SSN), approximately 18,500 objects are now being tracked and orbital data (in the form of two-line element sets) is available to satellite operators for 11,750 of them (as of 2008 September 1). The capability to automatically process this orbital data to look for close conjunctions and provide that information to satellite operators via the Internet has been continuously available on CelesTrak, in the form of Satellite Orbital Conjunction Reports Assessing Threatening Encounters in Space (SOCRATES), since May 2004. Those reports are used by many operators as one way to keep apprised of these potential threats. However, the two-line element sets (TLEs) are generated using non-cooperative tracking via the SSN's network of radar and optical sensors. As a result, the relatively low accuracy of the data results in a large number of false alarms that satellite operators must routinely deal with. Yet, satellite operators typically perform orbit maintenance for their own satellites, using active ranging and GPS systems. These data are often an order of magnitude more accurate than those available using TLEs. When combined (in the form of ephemerides) with maneuver planning information, the ability to maintain predictive awareness increases significantly. And when satellite operators share this data, the improved space situational awareness, particularly in the crowded geosynchronous belt, can be dramatic and the number of false alarms can be reduced

  10. Perceived and actual wildfire danger: an economic and spatial analysis study in Colorado (USA).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaval, Pamela

    2009-04-01

    Over the last 20 years, costs for wildfire initial attack in the U.S. have increased significantly. The increased cost relates to wildfire suppression practices, as well as the growing number of homes in the wildland urban interface. Requiring wildland urban interface residents to pay an annual tax for their wildfire risk could lower costs to the general taxpayer. Willingness-to-pay for wildfire prevention, in relation to both perceived and actual wildfire danger, was the focus of this study. Surveyed Colorado wildland urban interface residents were found to have a high awareness of wildfire risk and were willing-to-pay over $400 annually to reduce this risk. Respondents' beliefs about wildfire frequency were comparable to the wildfire regimes of their areas' pre-European settlement.

  11. Optimization of CCGT power plant and performance analysis using MATLAB/Simulink with actual operational data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hasan, Naimul; Rai, Jitendra Nath; Arora, Bharat Bhushan

    2014-01-01

    In the Modern scenario, the naturally available resources for power generation are being depleted at an alarming rate; firstly due to wastage of power at consumer end, secondly due to inefficiency of various power system components. A Combined Cycle Gas Turbine (CCGT) integrates two cycles- Brayton cycle (Gas Turbine) and Rankine cycle (Steam Turbine) with the objective of increasing overall plant efficiency. This is accomplished by utilising the exhaust of Gas Turbine through a waste-heat recovery boiler to run a Steam Turbine. The efficiency of a gas turbine which ranges from 28% to 33% can hence be raised to about 60% by recovering some of the low grade thermal energy from the exhaust gas for steam turbine process. This paper is a study for the modelling of CCGT and comparing it with actual operational data. The performance model for CCGT plant was developed in MATLAB/Simulink.

  12. Local Structure Analysis and Interface Layer Effect of Phase-Change Recording Material Using Actual Media

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakai, Tsukasa; Yoshiki, Masahiko; Satoh, Yasuhiro; Ashida, Sumio

    2008-07-01

    The influences of the interface layer on crystal structure, the local atomic arrangement, and the electronic and chemical structure of a GeBiTe (GBT) phase-change recording material have been investigated using X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS), and hard X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (HX-PES) methods using actual rewritable high-speed HD DVD media without special sample processing. XRD results showed that the crystal structure of laser-crystallized GBT alloy in the actual HD DVD media is the same as that of GeSbTe (GST) alloy, which has a NaCl-type structure. No differences between samples with and without interface layers were found. The lattice constant of GBT is larger than that of GST. Bi increases the lattice constant of GST with respect to the Bi substitution ratio of Sb. According to HX-PES, the DOS of in the recording film amorphous state with an interface layer is closer to that of the crystalline state than the recording film without an interface layer. From XAFS results, clear differences between amorphous (Amo.) and crystalline states (Cry.) were observed. The interatomic distance of amorphous recording material is independent of the existence of an interface layer. On the other hand, the coordination number varied slightly due to the presence of the interface layer. Therefore, the electronic state of the recording layer changes because of the interface layer, although the local structure changes only slightly except for the coordination number. Combining these results, we conclude that the interface layer changes the electronic state of the recording layer and promotes crystallization, but only affects the local structure of the atomic arrangement slightly.

  13. Current Situation Analysis for Oral English Learning of Vocational College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晶

    2013-01-01

    Through the questionnaire, this paper makes survey and analysis on the current oral English learning situation of the vocational college students, and explores the methods and approaches to improve the vocational college students ’oral English communication ability.

  14. Modeling of Future Initial Teacher of Foreign Language Training, Using Situation Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maryana М. Sidun

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The article discloses the content of modeling of future initial teacher of foreign language, using situation analysis, defines the stages of modeling during the professional competence formation of future teacher of foreign language: preparatory, analytical and executive.

  15. UKRAINIAN FOUNTAINS OPEN HEARTH INFECTIOUS DISEASES: CAUSES, SITUATION ANALYSIS, SOLUTION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moskovkin V.M.

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper examined the causal links that explain the pattern of contamination of water systems of water recycling fountains by pathogens and proved the rreversibility of the formation of the path of infection of domestic population of by airborne droplets, formed by microbial fogs. Studies of microbiolodical contamination of water allowed to obtain informative features for preliminary analysis of epidemiological danger of fountains and provided an opportunity to identify the dominant factor – high levels of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in aerosol droplets. On the basis of the collected databases were formulated technical conditions to ensure the security of the collected databases were formulated technical conditions to ensure the security of citizens from all possible negative impacts of fountains, realized in the form of water disinfection technology working with silver and copper, which consistent with international sanitary rules, regulations Ministry of Health Care of Ukraine and environmental legislation.

  16. Orbital data applications for space objects conjunction assessment and situation analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Chen, Lei; Liang, Yan-Gang; Li, Ke-Bo

    2017-01-01

    This book introduces readers to the application of orbital data on space objects in the contexts of conjunction assessment and space situation analysis, including theories and methodologies. It addresses the main topics involved in space object conjunction assessment, such as: orbital error analysis of space objects; close approach analysis; the calculation, analysis and application of collision probability; and the comprehensive assessment of collision risk. In addition, selected topics on space situation analysis are also presented, including orbital anomaly and space event analysis, and so on. The book offers a valuable guide for researchers and engineers in the fields of astrodynamics, space telemetry, tracking and command (TT&C), space surveillance, space situational awareness, and space debris, as well as for graduates majoring in flight vehicle design and related fields.

  17. [Analysis of the situation of intensive care units].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cuenca, M; Asiain, M C; Marín, B

    1995-01-01

    Since 1990, the Sociedad Española de Enfermería Intensiva y Unidades Coronarias has carried out initiatives aiming to collect data which allows us to make an analysis of the status of the ICU nurses and the characteristics of the Units where these professionals develop their activity. This project was performed during 1992 and 1993, with a survey in 132 sanitary centres of the public network in the national territory, in which information about the number of ICUs and their number of beds, number of nurses and assistants in the institution and those ones specifically assigned to ICU, number of admissions, average stay, occupation percentage, admission causes, use of systems of valuation of the seriousness index, staff seniority, shift systems, staff stability, etc; all this data and others referring to 1991. From 53 hospitalary centres that answered the questionnaire, we obtained information of 94 ICUs in which there was an average of 10.4 beds, with 550 admissions per unit (average/year) and an index of occupation of 78%. The average number of nurses who work in each ICU was 22.7, with a nurse/bed ratio in the global calculation of staff of 2.18. In the analysis of shifts, the nurse/bed ratio was one nurse to every 2.08 patients (1:2.08) when there is a maximum of staff during the morning shift. This index is lower in the other shifts. The average of assistants is 12.1 with an assistant/bed ratio of 1.17. When studying the shifts systems, the rotatory shift outstands in 53.19% of ICUs and the existence of rotation systems of staff in other units is 8.5%. With reference to the characteristics of the staff, the average seniority of Nurses was 6.7 years, 76.4% have own their post and the percentage of new intake in 1991 was 22.5%. The lack of incentives to work in ICU is notable, the most problematic aspects being the insufficient economic remuneration, lack of motivation, scarce human resources and insufficient training, among others. Finally, according to the

  18. Analysis of synoptic situation for dust storms in Iraq

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Al-Jumaily, Kais J.; Ibrahim, Morwa K. [Department of Atmospheric Sciences, College of Science, Al-Mustansiriyah University, Baghdad (Iraq)

    2013-07-01

    Dust storms are considered major natural disasters that cause many damages to society and environment in Iraq and surrounded deserted regions. The aim of this research is to analyze and study the synoptic patterns leading to the formation of dust storms in Iraq. Analysis are based on satellite images, aerosols index and synoptic weather maps. Two severe dust storms occurred over Iraq on February 22, 2010, and on December 10, 2011 were analyzed. The results showed that dust storms form when a low-pressure system forms over Iran causing Shamal winds blow; they carry cool air from that region towards warmer regions like eastern Syria and Iraq. In some cases, this low-pressure system is followed by a high-pressure system brining more cold air to the region and pushing dust toward south. Dust storms are initiated from source regions near Iraq-Syria borders by the existence of negative vertical velocity, which causes dust particles to be lifted upwards, and the strong westerly wind drives dust to travel eastward.

  19. Scaffolded Video Self-Analysis: Discrepancies between Preservice Teachers' Perceived and Actual Instructional Decisions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rich, Peter; Hannafin, Michael

    2009-01-01

    While video is commonly used to record "expert" teachers, video editing and analysis tools have made it possible for preservice teachers to systematically document, assess, analyze and adapt their own teaching practices. This case study documents the experience of three preservice teachers as they used a Web-based video analysis tool to analyze…

  20. Computational particle-haemodynamics analysis of liver radioembolization pretreatment as an actual treatment surrogate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aramburu, Jorge; Antón, Raúl; Rivas, Alejandro; Ramos, Juan Carlos; Sangro, Bruno; Bilbao, José Ignacio

    2017-02-01

    Liver radioembolization (RE) is a treatment option for patients with unresectable and chemorefractory primary and metastatic liver tumours. RE consists of intra-arterially administering via catheter radioactive microspheres that locally attack the tumours, sparing healthy tissue. Prior to RE, the standard practice is to conduct a treatment-mimicking pretreatment assessment via the infusion of (99m) Tc-labelled macroaggregated albumin microparticles. The usefulness of this pretreatment has been debated in the literature, and thus, the aim of the present study is to shed light on this issue by numerically simulating the liver RE pretreatment and actual treatment particle-haemodynamics in a patient-specific hepatic artery under two different literature-based cancer scenarios and two different placements of a realistic end-hole microcatheter in the proper hepatic artery. The parameters that are analysed are the following: microagent quantity and size (accounting for RE pretreatment and treatment), catheter-tip position (near the proper hepatic artery bifurcation and away from it), and cancer burden (10% and 30% liver involvement). The conclusion that can be reached from the simulations is that when it comes to mimicking RE in terms of delivering particles to tumour-bearing segments, the catheter-tip position is much more important (because of the importance of local haemodynamic pattern alteration) than the infused microagents (i.e. quantity and size). Cancer burden is another important feature because the increase in blood flow rate to tumour-bearing segments increases the power to drag particles. These numerical simulation-based conclusions are in agreement with clinically observed events reported in the literature. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  1. The Promise of Situated Cognition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Arthur L.

    1993-01-01

    Situated cognition, the concept that learning is integrally situated in everyday activity, enables more accurate understanding of adult learning. Authentic activity, involving situations requiring actual rather than simulated cognitive processes, may be a better basis for adult education. (SK)

  2. [Occupational stress situation analysis of different types of train drivers].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Wenhui; Gu, Guizhen; Wu, Hui; Yu, Shanfa

    2014-11-01

    To analyze the status of occupational stress in different types of train drivers. By using cluster sampling method, a cross-sectional study was conducted in 1 339 train drivers (including 289 passenger train drivers, 637 freight trains drivers, 339 passenger shunting train drivers, and 74 high speed rail drivers) from a Railway Bureau depot. The survey included individual factors, occupational stress factors, stress response factors and stress mitigating factors. The occupational stress factors, stress response factors and mitigating factors were measured by the revised effort-reward imbalance (ERI) model questionnaires and occupational stress measurement scale. By using the method of covariance analysized the difference of occupational stress factors of all types train drivers, the method of Stepwise regression was used to analyze the effection (R(2)) of occupational stress factors and stress mitigating factors on stress response factors. Covariance analysis as covariates in age, education level, length of service and marital status showed that the scores of ERI (1.58 ± 0.05), extrinsic effort (19.88 ± 0.44), rewards (23.43 ± 0.43), intrinsic effort (17.86 ± 0.36), physical environment (5.70 ± 0.22), social support (30.51 ± 0.88) and daily tension (10.27 ± 0.38 ) of high speed rail drivers were higher than other drivers (F values were 6.06, 11.32, 7.05, 13.25, 5.20, 9.48 and 6.14 respectively, P < 0.01), but the scores of emotional balance (4.15 ± 0.31) and positive emotion (2.06 ± 0.20) were lower than other drives (P < 0.01);the scores of psychological needs (10.48 ± 0.18), emotional balance (4.88 ± 0.16) and positive emotion (2.63 ± 0.10) of passenger train drivers were higher than other drivers (F values were 4.33 and 5.50 respectively, P < 0.01). The descending rank of the effect value on occupational stress factors and mitigating factors to depressive symptoms of train drivers was high speed rail drivers (R(2) = 0.64), passenger train drivers (R

  3. Analysis of pilot as a dynamic link in the system "aircraft-pilot-environment-special situation"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    П.В. Попов

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available  The analysis of dynamic behavior of pilot as section of system “аircraft – flight pilot – environment – abnormal situation” has been carried out. Moreover the expediency of elaboration of the mathematical model of pilot that enables to forecast pilot response under abnormal situation during flight and to develop recommendations for personnel of flight simulator centers concerning acquisition by pilots of skill required to make decision in abnormal situation during flight has been proved.

  4. A Partial Swot Analysis of the Turkish Bank Call Centers: The Actual and the Assumed Weaknesses

    OpenAIRE

    ÖZKAN, Ahmet Hakan

    2011-01-01

    The bank call centers of Turkey are seen as a tool of perceiving the threats and evaluating opportunities in the SWOT analysis. By the way they are evaluated as a factor of strength. However, the weaknesses of the call centers which must be taken into account in a SWOT analysis, are so various that they cannot be ignored. The weaknesses of the call centers are elaborated with this research. The ways the call centers harm the corporations or the ways they might harm are revised.

  5. Creativity in theoretical physics: A situational analysis of the fifth Solvay Council on Physics, 1927

    Science.gov (United States)

    First, Leili K.

    This dissertation investigates the intersections and interactions of factors which enhance and inhibit creativity in theoretical physics research, using a situational analysis of the fifth Solvay Council on Physics of 1927 (Solvay 1927), a pivotal point in the history of quantum physics. Situational analysis is a postmodern variant of the grounded theory method which views a situation as the unit of analysis and adds situational mapping as an analytic tool. This method specifically works against normalizing or simplifying the points of view, instead drawing out diversity, complexity, and contradiction. It results in "theorizing" rather than theory. This research differs from other analyses of the development of quantum mechanics in looking at technical issues as well as individual, collective, and societal factors. Data examined in this historical analysis includes theoretical papers, conference proceedings, personal letters, and commentary and analysis, both contemporaneous and modern. Literature related to scientific creativity was also consulted. Mapping the situation as a master discourse of Niels Bohr overlapping and interacting with co-existent major discourses on matrix mechanics/Copenhagen interpretation, wave mechanics, and the pilot-wave theory resulted in the most descriptive illustration of the factors influencing scientific creativity before and after Solvay 1927. The master discourse strongly influenced the major discourses and generated the "Copenhagen spirit" which effectively marginalized discourses other than matrix mechanics/Copenhagen interpretation after Solvay 1927.

  6. Analysis of application for situational teaching method in tourism English teaching

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li Jing

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Faced with China’s English teaching problems today, it is not enough to just know that the situational teaching method can be effectively applied in a wide range of English teaching, but there is a must to embody the specific application value of the situational teaching method. This paper first analyzes tourism English teaching in China through establishing the quantifiable group-index hierarchical structure model to obtain the optimal training program of China’s tourism English talents, and then carries out a detailed analysis of the application and role of the situational teaching method in training of the tourism English ability to obtain the specific application scope and application value of the situational teaching method in the tourism English teaching.

  7. THE ANALYSIS OF COMPETITIVENESS IN THE TOURISM SECTOR IN THE ACTUAL CONTEXT OF ECONOMIC CRISIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vasile ROBU

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The past few years have witnessed many storms in the Tourism sector. Under the influence of an extremely volatile world economy (financial crisis, commodity and oil price rises, sharp exchange rate fluctuations, increase terrorism acts in several region with tourism potential Tourism demand slowed significantly. Yet, despite the current difficulties, the Tourism sector remains a critical economic sector worldwide and one that provides significant potential for economic growth and development internationally. A growing national Tourism sector contributes to raises national income, employment, and can improve a country's balance of payments. The sector is thus an important driver of growth and prosperity and,  within developing countries, it can play a leading role in poverty reduction. Despite the overall importance of developing the Tourism sector, many obstacles at the national level continue to hinder its development. This analysis aims to serve two purposes. First, we intend to provide useful comparative information for making decisions related to business and tourism development. Second, and more importantly, we hope that the analysis provides an opportunity for the Tourism industry to highlight the obstacles to Tourism competitiveness.

  8. Microarray analysis reveals the actual specificity of enrichment media used for food safety assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kostić, Tanja; Stessl, Beatrix; Wagner, Martin; Sessitsch, Angela

    2011-06-01

    Microbial diagnostic microarrays are tools for simultaneous detection and identification of microorganisms in food, clinical, and environmental samples. In comparison to classic methods, microarray-based systems have the potential for high throughput, parallelism, and miniaturization. High specificity and high sensitivity of detection have been demonstrated. A microbial diagnostic microarray for the detection of the most relevant bacterial food- and waterborne pathogens and indicator organisms was developed and thoroughly validated. The microarray platform based on sequence-specific end labeling of oligonucleotides and the phylogenetically robust gyrB marker gene allowed a highly specific (resolution on genus and/or species level) and sensitive (0.1% relative and 10(4) CFU absolute sensitivity) detection of the target pathogens. In initial challenge studies of the applicability of microarray-based food analysis, we obtained results demonstrating the questionable specificity of standardized culture-dependent microbiological detection methods. Taking into consideration the importance of reliable food safety assessment methods, comprehensive performance assessment is essential. Results demonstrate the potential of this new pathogen diagnostic microarray to evaluate culture-based standard methods in microbiological food analysis.

  9. Retail gas prices and its effect on actual automobile purchases: An econometric analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shaw, Brian F., Sr.

    Weekly aggregate vehicle purchase and retail gasoline price data, over the time span of 2001.01 to 2005.52, were used to determine in the Phoenix, Arizona metropolitan area if the price of gasoline helped to predict vehicle purchases. This time period and data set included the effects of rapidly changing technology and rapidly increasing retail gasoline prices. This time series econometric analysis took advantage of the Phillips-Perron and Augmented Dickey Fuller tests for stationarity, as well as the concept of Granger causality to answer this question. Short-run relationships were present and were not contingent on the gender of the purchaser. The long-run results were affirmative for female purchasers and there was not enough evidence to conclude the same for male purchasers.

  10. X-ray analysis of the actual structure of yttrium orthoborate YBO3

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shmyt'ko, I. M.; Ganeeva, G. R.

    2016-12-01

    Detailed X-ray analysis of variations in the structure of yttrium orthoborate in the process of successive high-temperature isothermal anneals of an originally amorphous precursor state is performed. It is established that the diffraction reflex intensity distribution of YBO3 measured at room temperature, obtained in the initial stages of crystallization, corresponds to the known low-temperature vaterite phase with the space group (sp. gr.) P63/ m and, after a series of high-temperature anneals, it transforms into a distribution known for the vaterite modification with the sp. gr. P63/ mmc and the same lattice parameters. This result is explained on the basis of the sphericity of X-ray waves and is connected with the transformation of the crystallites from a spherical shape upon low-temperature anneals to a dumbbell shape upon high-temperature anneals. As a result of in situ experiments conducted at 1250°C, it was established that the initial low-temperature hexagonal vaterite cell transforms above 1000°C into a monoclinic cell.

  11. Actual measurement, hygrothermal response experiment and growth prediction analysis of microbial contamination of central air conditioning system in Dalian, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lv, Yang; Hu, Guangyao; Wang, Chunyang; Yuan, Wenjie; Wei, Shanshan; Gao, Jiaoqi; Wang, Boyuan; Song, Fangchao

    2017-04-03

    The microbial contamination of central air conditioning system is one of the important factors that affect the indoor air quality. Actual measurement and analysis were carried out on microbial contamination in central air conditioning system at a venue in Dalian, China. Illumina miseq method was used and three fungal samples of two units were analysed by high throughput sequencing. Results showed that the predominant fungus in air conditioning unit A and B were Candida spp. and Cladosporium spp., and two fungus were further used in the hygrothermal response experiment. Based on the data of Cladosporium in hygrothermal response experiment, this paper used the logistic equation and the Gompertz equation to fit the growth predictive model of Cladosporium genera in different temperature and relative humidity conditions, and the square root model was fitted based on the two environmental factors. In addition, the models were carried on the analysis to verify the accuracy and feasibility of the established model equation.

  12. Analysis of the Reinsurance Market Situation under Conditions of Volatility of the World Economy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bozhenko Andriy S.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The article conducts analysis of the modern state and prospects of further development of the reinsurance market through identification of prerequisites of establishment and systematisation of main stages of formation of this market situation. It studies main parameters of formation of the studies economic category: volume of the global market of reinsurance, factors of interaction of demand and supply; interconnection of participants of this market under conditions of volatility of the world economy. Results of the study, stated in this article, give a possibility to affirm that analysis and process of formation of the reinsurance market situation is a complex and multi-sided topic for conducting further studies. Using the obtained data, one can forecast future behaviour of the market participants when unfavourable situations occur and find the most optimal ways of their solution.

  13. The Historical and Situated Nature Design Experiments--Implications for Data Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krange, I.; Ludvigsen, Sten

    2009-01-01

    This article is a methodological contribution to the use of design experiments in educational research. We will discuss the implications of a historical and situated interpretation to design experiments, the consequences this has for the analysis of the collected data and empirically based suggestions to improve the designs of the computer-based…

  14. Education and Training in Kosovo: Situational Analysis and Pre-Programming Paper.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gribben, Tony; Krissler, Dietmar

    This situational analysis on vocational education and training in Kosovo provides an assessment of the key issues on that topic before the postwar rebuilding effort starts and also identifies short-term priorities, points to medium and long-term requirements, and recommends measures for the short-term that can be considered and carried out by the…

  15. situation analysis as indicator of food se- curity in low-income rural ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    user

    ISSN 0378-5254 Journal of Family Ecology and Consumer Sciences, Vol 40, 2012. SITUATION ANALYSIS .... the market and other community sources, as influenced by the .... groups of a specific gender at a certain life stage and reflects the ...

  16. Situational analysis of the microbial water quality in a peri-urban catchment in South Africa

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Venter, SN

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available A situational analysis of a peri-urban catchment experiencing microbial water quality problems was carried out using data collected over two and a half years. The water and land use in the area was determined. The main sources of pollution were...

  17. Literacy Coaching in Wyoming Secondary Schools: A Situational Analysis of Roles in Context

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rush, Leslie S.

    2013-01-01

    In 2006, The Wyoming state legislature allocated monies to fund Instructional Facilitators (IFs) in schools around the state. This interview study, developed through situational analysis, explores the roles and responsibilities of IFs in Wyoming secondary schools, and the contextual factors of those schools that impact the work of IFs,…

  18. Orientation and Mobility in Australia and New Zealand: Situational Analysis and Census

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deverell, Lil; Scott, Bronwen

    2014-01-01

    The orientation and mobility (O&M) profession is well established in Australia and New Zealand. This paper gives a situational analysis of O&M in these countries, including a brief history, an overview of professional training and current activity, and data gained from two censuses of the profession undertaken in 2002 and 2011. Social…

  19. Contemporary: No Pain, No Gain: Why Situational Analysis Is Critical for Successful Change Implementation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mourier, Pierre

    2001-01-01

    Discussion of organizational pain and the need for change focuses on situational analysis as a method for successful change implementation. Topics include the influence of pleasure as well as pain; determining departmental effectiveness; identifying barriers to efficiency; and developing an action plan for improvement. (LRW)

  20. Using the Concept of the "Total Situation" in the Analysis of a Borderline Adolescent

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diem-Wille, Gertraud

    2004-01-01

    The author discusses two concepts of transference: the broader use of transference as the "total situation", as it was called by Melanie Klein and further elaborated by post-Kleinians, and the narrow use of transference in the traditional sense. Using clinical material from the four-times-a-week analysis of a severely disturbed…

  1. Literacy Coaching in Wyoming Secondary Schools: A Situational Analysis of Roles in Context

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rush, Leslie S.

    2013-01-01

    In 2006, The Wyoming state legislature allocated monies to fund Instructional Facilitators (IFs) in schools around the state. This interview study, developed through situational analysis, explores the roles and responsibilities of IFs in Wyoming secondary schools, and the contextual factors of those schools that impact the work of IFs,…

  2. Contemporary: No Pain, No Gain: Why Situational Analysis Is Critical for Successful Change Implementation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mourier, Pierre

    2001-01-01

    Discussion of organizational pain and the need for change focuses on situational analysis as a method for successful change implementation. Topics include the influence of pleasure as well as pain; determining departmental effectiveness; identifying barriers to efficiency; and developing an action plan for improvement. (LRW)

  3. Orientation and Mobility in Australia and New Zealand: Situational Analysis and Census

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deverell, Lil; Scott, Bronwen

    2014-01-01

    The orientation and mobility (O&M) profession is well established in Australia and New Zealand. This paper gives a situational analysis of O&M in these countries, including a brief history, an overview of professional training and current activity, and data gained from two censuses of the profession undertaken in 2002 and 2011. Social…

  4. Comparative analysis of the actual evapotranspiration of Flemish forest and cropland, using the soil water balance model WAVE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W. W. Verstraeten

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper focuses on the quantification of the green – vegetation related – water flux of forest stands in the temperate lowland of Flanders. The underlying reason of the research was to develop a methodology for assessing the impact of forests on the hydrologic cycle in comparison to agriculture. The tested approach for calculating the water use by forests was based on the application of the soil water balance model WAVE. The study involved the collection of data from 14 forest stands, the calibration and validation of the WAVE model, and the comparison of the water use (WU components – transpiration, soil and interception evaporation – between forest and cropland. For model calibration purposes simulated and measured time series of soil water content at different soil depths, period March 2000–August 2001, were compared. A multiple-site validation was conducted as well. Actual tree transpiration calculated with sap flow measurements in three forest stands gave similar results for two of the three stands of pine (Pinus sylvestris L., but WAVE overestimated the actual measured transpiration for a stand of poplar (Populus sp.. A useful approach to compare the WU components of forest versus cropland is scenario analysis based on the validated WAVE model. The statistical Profile Analysis method was implemented to explore and analyse the simulated WU time series. With an average annual rainfall of 819 mm, the results reveal that forests in Flanders consume more water than agricultural crops. A 30 years average of 491 mm for 10 forests stands versus 398 mm for 10 cropped agricultural fields was derived. The WU components, on yearly basis, also differ between the two land use types (transpiration: 315 mm for forest and 261 mm for agricultural land use; soil evaporation: 47 mm and 131 mm, for forest and cropland, respectively. Forest canopy interception evaporation was estimated at 126 mm, while it was negligible for cropland.

  5. Detailed behavioral analysis as a window into cross-situational word learning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suanda, Sumarga H; Namy, Laura L

    2012-04-01

    Recent research has demonstrated that word learners can determine word-referent mappings by tracking co-occurrences across multiple ambiguous naming events. The current study addresses the mechanisms underlying this capacity to learn words cross-situationally. This replication and extension of Yu and Smith (2007) investigates the factors influencing both successful cross-situational word learning and mis-mappings. Item analysis and error patterns revealed that the co-occurrence structure of the learning environment as well as the context of the testing environment jointly affected learning across observations. Learners also adopted an exclusion strategy, which contributed conjointly with statistical tracking to performance. Implications for our understanding of the processes underlying cross-situational word learning are discussed. Copyright © 2012 Cognitive Science Society, Inc.

  6. A human-in-the-loop approach to understanding situation awareness in cyber defence analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Tyworth

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we argue for a human-in-the-loop approach to the study of situation awareness in computer defence analysis (CDA. The cognitive phenomenon of situation awareness (SA has received significant attention in cybersecurity/CDA research. Yet little of this work has attended to the cognitive aspects of situation awareness in the CDA context; instead, the human operator has been treated as an abstraction within the larger human-technology system. A more human-centric approach that seeks to understand the socio-cognitive work of human operators as they perform CDA will yield greater insights into the design of tools and interfaces for CDA. As support for this argument, we present our own work employing the Living Lab Framework through which we ground our experimental findings in contextual knowledge of real-world practice.

  7. Mission Command in the Age of Network-Enabled Operations: Social Network Analysis of Information Sharing and Situation Awareness

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-22

    Network Analysis of Information Sharing and Situation Awareness Norbou Buchler 1*, Sean M. Fitzhugh 1, Laura R. Marusich 1, Diane M. Ungvarsky 1... analysis of information and situation awareness. The telephone network was sparse and did not fully represent all the members of the core staff and...thus not subjected to statistical model analysis . Situation Awareness Global Assessment Technique (SAGAT) A valid and reliable method for assessing SA

  8. Measuring situational avoidance in older drivers: An application of Rasch analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Jessica; Conlon, Elizabeth; Ownsworth, Tamara; Morrissey, Shirley

    2016-02-01

    Situational avoidance is a form of driving self-regulation at the strategic level of driving behaviour. It has typically been defined as the purposeful avoidance of driving situations perceived as challenging or potentially hazardous. To date, assessment of the psychometric properties of existing scales that measure situational avoidance has been sparse. This study examined the contribution of Rasch analysis to the situational avoidance construct. Three hundred and ninety-nine Australian drivers (M=66.75, SD=10.14, range: 48-91 years) completed the Situational Avoidance Questionnaire (SAQ). Following removal of the item Parallel Parking, the scale conformed to a Rasch model, showing good person separation, sufficient reliability, little disordering of thresholds, and no evidence of differential item functioning by age or gender. The residuals were independent supporting the assumption of unidimensionality and in conforming to a Rasch model, SAQ items were found to be hierarchical or cumulative. Increased avoidance was associated with factors known to be related to driving self-regulation more broadly, including older age, female gender, reduced driving space and frequency, reporting a change in driving in the past five years and poorer indices of health (i.e., self-rated mood, vision and cognitive function). Overall, these results support the use of the SAQ as a psychometrically sound measure of situational avoidance. Application of Rasch analysis to this area of research advances understanding of the driving self-regulation construct and its practice by drivers in baby boomer and older adult generations. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  9. Situated Transgressiveness

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Muhr, Sara Louise; Sullivan, Katie Rose; Rich, Craig

    2016-01-01

    and perceives her trans body and gender identity. In particular, our analysis centres on how Claire's lived experience of personal and professional life shift across three different situated contexts, each enabling and constraining opportunities for political transgression. Our findings contribute to existing......This study investigates the lived experience of one transwoman, Claire, a public advocate and a manager with client services responsibilities. We examine Claire's story in order to discuss how situated contexts, such as different roles, locales and interactions, shape the way she experiences...... conversations within queer theory, transgender and organization studies by highlighting how situated contexts mediate the political potential of queer bodies at work. By developing the concept ‘situated transgressiveness’, this article challenges notions of transgender as a stable, ideal disruptive category...

  10. Situated University, Situated Writing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feldman, Ann M.

    2009-01-01

    This article argues that teaching as a situated, civic activity must be a core intellectual activity in the engaged metropolitan university. Situated writing provides the key pedagogy for the Chicago Civic Leadership Certificate Program at the University of Illinois at Chicago, an engaged public research university. The role of writing, or…

  11. A Brief Analysis of Abraham Maslow's Original Writing of "Self-Actualizing People: A Study of Psychological Health"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Francis, Nedra H.; Kritsonis, William Allan

    2006-01-01

    This article analyzes Abraham Maslow's original writing of "Self-Actualizing People: A Study of Psychological Health." The review of literature in this article reveals that Maslow's hierarchy of needs have had profound effects in the area of psychology. In addition, the authors present information regarding self-actualized people, theorists of…

  12. PROGNOSYS AND ANALYSIS OF DOSIMETRIC SITUATION AFTER EMERGENCY ATMOSPHERIC RELEASE OF NPP IN UKRAINE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iu. V. Bonchuk

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The system for the operative analysis of dosimetric situation after radiation emergencies at nuclear power plants in Ukraine (KADO is developed for decision making support. Emergency release in KADO is modelled as sequence of the discrete elements which are emitted after small time intervals that allows to take into account in calculations heterogeneity of distribution of pollution in a released cloud. Calculated predicted and avertable doses are the base information for justification of emergency and urgent countermeasures.

  13. Situational Transitions and Military Nurses: A Concept Analysis Using the Evolutionary Method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chargualaf, Katie A

    2016-04-01

    Situational transitions in nursing remain a significant issue for both new graduates and experienced nurses. Although frequently discussed in current nursing literature, nursing research has exclusively focused on the transition experience of civilian (nonmilitary) nurses. With differing role and practice expectations, altered practice environments, and the risk of deployment, the outcome of negative transition experiences for military nurses is significant. The purpose of this analysis is to clarify the concept of transition, in a situational context, as it relates to military nurses by investigating the attributes, antecedents, and consequences. Rodgers' evolutionary method served as the framework to this study. The sample included 41 studies, published in English, between 2000 and 2013. Data were retrieved from the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Medline, ProQuest, Ovid, and PsycINFO databases. Antecedents of situational transitions include any change in work roles or work environments. Attributes of situational transitions include journey, disequilibrium, finding balance, conditional, and pervasive. Consequences of transition range from successful to unsuccessful. Additional research that investigates the specific needs and challenges unique to nurses practicing in a military environment is needed. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  14. Situation analysis: assessing family planning and reproductive health services. Quality of care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-01-01

    This issue of Population Briefs contains articles on researches conducted by the Population Council concerning the delivery of quality of care, contraceptive development, safe abortion, family planning, demography, and medical anthropology. The cover story focuses on a systematic data collection tool called Situation Analysis that helps managers in program evaluation. This tool has a handbook entitled "The Situation Analysis Approach to Assessing Family Planning and Reproductive Health Services" that contains all the information needed to conduct a Situation Analysis study. The second article reports about a new contraceptive method, the two-rod levonorgestrel, which was developed at the Population Council and was recently approved by the US Food and Drug Administration. The third article reports on a medical abortion procedure that was proven to be safe, effective, and acceptable to women in developing countries. Moreover, the fourth article presents initial findings of the Community Health and Family Planning Project conducted in Northern Ghana. The fifth article discusses the paper written by the Population Council demographer, Mark Montgomery entitled "Learning and lags in mortality perceptions". Finally, the sixth article deals with another paper that reports on women's health perceptions and reproductive health in the Middle East.

  15. Multifractal analysis and instability index of prior-to-crash market situations

    CERN Document Server

    Piacquadio, M

    2009-01-01

    We take prior-to-crash market prices (NASDAQ, Dow Jones Industrial Average) as a signal, a function of time, we project these discrete values onto a vertical axis, thus obtaining a Cantordust. We study said cantordust with the tools of multifractal analysis, obtaining spectra by definition and by lagrangian coordinates. These spectra have properties that typify the prior-to-crash market situation. Any of these spectra entail elaborate processing of the raw signal data. With the unprocessed raw data we obtain an instability index, also with properties that typify the prior-to-crisis market situation. Both spectra and the instability index agree in characterizing such crashes, and in giving an early warning of them.

  16. Situational Analysis of Physical Therapist Clinical Instructors' Facilitation of Students' Emerging Embodiment of Movement in Practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Covington, Kyle; Barcinas, Susan J

    2017-02-15

    Physical therapists improve the functional ability of patients after injury and disease. A unique component of their practice is the ability to use the movement of their own bodies to affect change in their patients. This has been recognized as a distinctive attribute of expert physical therapists. The purpose of this qualitative situational analysis study was to examine how physical therapist clinical instructors perceive and facilitate their students' emerging integration of movement in practice. Data collection and analysis was guided by Dall'Alba's theoretical framework for understanding professional ways of being. Data were analyzed using coding and mapping strategies consistent with Clarke's situational analysis techniques. The study included five physical therapist clinical instructors and their respective five physical therapist students. Data were collected during beginning, midterm, and final weeks of the students' clinical internships using participant interviews, observation, and document analysis. Coded data were summarized using situational analysis mapping strategies, resulting in 11 maps. These maps were further analyzed and reduced to five thematic behaviors the clinical instructor enacts as he or she helps facilitate the use of the students' movement in practice: These behaviors are: adapt, prepare, enhance, connect, and develop. The five behaviors are useful when considered as a trajectory of development. This study marks the first description of how physical therapist clinical instructors develop students' use of movement in practice and how to enact behaviors important in students' continued professional development. Findings are important as clinical instructors and academic programs consider how best to prepare students to use movement and develop their skills early in practice.

  17. Situation Songs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kolar-Borsky, Agnes; Holck, Ulla

    2014-01-01

    the therapeutic relationship; to enhance experience and development in the fields of emotion, behavior, expression and social skills; to express messages in language and to give structure to the child. The overall aim behind the use of situation songs is to offer essential experiences to the child in order......The aim of this study was to survey the various therapeutic intentions behind the use of one particular improvisation method applied in pediatric music therapy, called the situation song (from the German term “Situationslied”- Plahl & Koch-Temming, 2008, p. 180). According to Plahl & Koch...... author’s clinical experience with situation songs (preunderstandings), a systematic analysis of relevant literature, followed by semi-structured interviews with three music therapists from Denmark, Austria and Germany. A flexible investigation approach was used, following hermeneutic principles...

  18. Key Spatial Relations-based Focused Crawling (KSRs-FC) for Borderlands Situation Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hou, D. Y.; Wu, H.; Chen, J.; Li, R.

    2013-11-01

    Place names play an important role in Borderlands Situation topics, while current focused crawling methods treat them in the same way as other common keywords, which may lead to the omission of many useful web pages. In the paper, place names in web pages and their spatial relations were firstly discussed. Then, a focused crawling method named KSRs-FC was proposed to deal with the collection of situation information about borderlands. In this method, place names and common keywords were represented separately, and some of the spatial relations related to web pages crawling were used in the relevance calculation between the given topic and web pages. Furthermore, an information collection system for borderlands situation analysis was developed based on KSRs-FC. Finally, F-Score method was adopted to quantitatively evaluate this method by comparing with traditional method. Experimental results showed that the F-Score value of the proposed method increased by 11% compared to traditional method with the same sample data. Obviously, KSRs-FC method can effectively reduce the misjudgement of relevant webpages.

  19. Creating the learning situation to promote student deep learning: Data analysis and application case

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guo, Yuanyuan; Wu, Shaoyan

    2017-05-01

    How to lead students to deeper learning and cultivate engineering innovative talents need to be studied for higher engineering education. In this study, through the survey data analysis and theoretical research, we discuss the correlation of teaching methods, learning motivation, and learning methods. In this research, we find that students have different motivation orientation according to the perception of teaching methods in the process of engineering education, and this affects their choice of learning methods. As a result, creating situations is critical to lead students to deeper learning. Finally, we analyze the process of learning situational creation in the teaching process of «bidding and contract management workshops». In this creation process, teachers use the student-centered teaching to lead students to deeper study. Through the study of influence factors of deep learning process, and building the teaching situation for the purpose of promoting deep learning, this thesis provide a meaningful reference for enhancing students' learning quality, teachers' teaching quality and the quality of innovation talent.

  20. Analysis on Current Situation of Xinjiang Photography Current Situation Analysis and Development Ponders%新疆摄影现状简析与发展之思辩

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李太保

    2011-01-01

    This article discusses the current situation of Xinjiang photography, and focuses on the analysis of two viewpoints, which are "The scenery photography hindered Xinjiang photography's all-round development" and "Xinjiang shotfld develop the scenery photography primarily". The author thinks that, both views are biased, only emphasized the side, and ignored the other side. In the history new starting point of Xin- jiang leapfrog development, Xinjiang photography is necessary to make great efforts to foster the develop- ment of Xinjiang documentary photography, but also insists on the development of Xinjiang's landscape photography, h is necessary to advocate diversity, but also should pay attention to features and brand.%文章简析了当前新疆的摄影现状,并重点对“风光摄影阻碍了新疆摄影的全面发展”和“新疆应该以发展风光摄影为主”的观点进行了剖析。在新疆跨越式发展的历史新起点上,新疆摄影界既要下大力培育发展新疆的纪实摄影,又要坚持发展新疆的风光摄影;既要大力倡导多元化,又要抓特色、闯品牌。

  1. Politics and strategies for radioactive waste management: current situation and perspective for Latin America; Politicas y estrategias para la gestion de los desechos radiactivos: situacion actual y perspectiva para America Latina

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Amaral, Eliana, E-mail: amaral.e@gmail.com [Comissao Nacional de Energia Nuclear (CNEN), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Cruz, Paulo Ferruz, E-mail: p.ferruzcruz@gmail.com; Gonzalez, Abel, E-mail: agonzalez@arn.gob.ar [Autoridad Regulatoria Nuclear (ARN), Buenos Aires (Argentina); Telleria, Diego, E-mail: D.M.Telleria@iaea.org [Organismo Internacional de Energia Atomica (OIEA), Vienna (Austria). Unidad Evaluacion y Gestion de Emisiones Ambientales. Seccion de Seguridad de los Desechos y el Ambiente; Tomas Zerquera, Juan; Prendes Alonso, Miguel; Jova Sed, Luis, E-mail: jtomas@cphr.edu.cu, E-mail: prendes@cphr.edu.cu, E-mail: jova@cphr.edu.cu [Centro de Proteccion e Higiene de las Radiaciones (CPHR), La Habana (Cuba)

    2013-07-01

    In some countries of the Latin America Region, policy and national strategy are well established and documented, while in others there is not an explicit formal declaration, although they may be implicit in the content of the laws, regulations and existing guides; but they are not consolidated in a single document, making it difficult to put into practice by the Government institutions, the organisms responsible for the regulation and those responsible for the safe management of waste. For practical reasons, the work concentrates the situation in the Region with the waste from medical, industrial practices, research and production, which generate a common problem in the region. This document also contains some recommendations to improve the situation in this topic in the Region.

  2. Parents' participation in the sexuality education of their children in rural Namibia: a situational analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lukolo, Linda Ndeshipandula; van Dyk, Agnes

    2014-07-29

    Talking about sexuality has never been easy in most Namibians cultures and it seems that most parents feel uncomfortable and embarrassed to talk openly with their children about sexuality. They do not participate in the sexuality education of their children, because they believe they are unable to provide quality and adequate sexuality information due to their lack of knowledge about human sexuality or their perceived inability to explain what they do know. The ultimate purpose of this study was to develop, describe, implement and evaluate an educational programme to empower rural parents to participate in the sexuality education of their children. The study was designed to be qualitative, explorative, descriptive and contextual in nature. It was performed in three phases. Phase 1 consisted of a situational analysis to explore and describe how parents provide sexuality education. Phase 2 consisted of the development of a conceptual framework that facilitated the development of an educational programme. In phase 3 the programme was implemented and evaluated, recommendations were made and conclusions drawn. The main findings revealed two themes: factors influencing parental participation in their children's sexuality education, and the need for parental participation in their children's sexuality education. This article is part of series of three article stems from a study on the topic of sexuality education empowerment programme of rural parents in Namibia. The three articles have the following titles: one: parent's participation in sexuality education of their children: a situational analysis; two: conceptual framework developments that facilitate the development of an educational programme and three: programme implementation and evaluation. This article dealt with parent's participation in sexuality education of their children: a situational analysis.

  3. Challenges for Transformation: A Situational Analysis of Mental Health Care Services in Sehore District, Madhya Pradesh.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shidhaye, Rahul; Raja, Anusha; Shrivastava, Sanjay; Murhar, Vaibhav; Ramaswamy, Rohit; Patel, Vikram

    2015-11-01

    The proportion of individuals with mental disorders receiving evidence based treatments in India is very small. In order to address this huge treatment gap, programme for improving mental health care is being implemented in Sehore district of Madhya Pradesh, India. The aim of this study was to complete the situational analysis consisting of two parts; document review of Sehore district mental health programme followed by a qualitative study. The findings suggest that there are major health system challenges in developing and implementing the mental health care plan to be delivered through primary health care system in Sehore district.

  4. Situational Analysis of Essential Surgical Care Management in Iran Using the WHO Tool.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalhor, Rohollah; Keshavarz Mohamadi, Nastaran; Khalesi, Nader; Jafari, Mehdi

    2016-05-01

    Surgery is an essential component of health care, yet it has usually been overlooked in public health across the world. This study aimed to perform a situational analysis of essential surgical care management at district hospitals in Iran. This research was a descriptive and cross-sectional study performed at 42 first-referral district hospitals of Iran in 2013. The World Health Organization (WHO) Tool for the situational analysis of emergency and essential care was used for data collection in four domains of facilities and equipment, human resources, surgical interventions, and infrastructure. Data analysis was conducted using simple descriptive statistical methods. In this study, 100% of the studied hospitals had oxygen cylinders, running water, electricity, anesthesia machines, emergency departments, archives of medical records, and X-ray machines. In 100% of the surveyed hospitals, specialists in surgery, anesthesia, and obstetrics and gynecology were available as full-time staff. Life-saving procedures were performed in the majority of the hospitals. Among urgent procedures, neonatal surgeries were conducted in 14.3% of the hospitals. Regarding non-urgent procedures, acute burn management was conducted in 38.1% of the hospitals. Also, a few other procedures such as cricothyrotomy and foreign body removal were performed in 85.7% of the hospitals. The results indicated that suitable facilities and equipment, human resources, and infrastructure were available in the district hospitals in Iran. These findings showed that there is potential for the district hospitals to provide care in a wider spectrum.

  5. Situational Awareness in Mass Emergency: A Behavioral and Linguistic Analysis of Microblogged Communications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vieweg, Sarah Elizabeth

    2012-01-01

    In times of mass emergency, users of Twitter (a popular microblogging service) often communicate information about the event, some of which contributes to situational awareness. Situational awareness refers to a state of understanding the "big picture" in time- and safety-critical situations. The more situational awareness people have,…

  6. Situational Awareness in Mass Emergency: A Behavioral and Linguistic Analysis of Microblogged Communications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vieweg, Sarah Elizabeth

    2012-01-01

    In times of mass emergency, users of Twitter (a popular microblogging service) often communicate information about the event, some of which contributes to situational awareness. Situational awareness refers to a state of understanding the "big picture" in time- and safety-critical situations. The more situational awareness people have,…

  7. New reactor concepts. An analysis of the actual research status; Neue Reaktorkonzepte. Eine Analyse des aktuellen Forschungsstands

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pistner, Christoph; Englert, Matthias

    2017-04-15

    The report on new reactor concepts covers the following issues: characterization and survey of new reactor concepts; evaluation criteria: safety, resources for fuel supply, waste problems, economy and proliferation; comprehensive relevant aspects: thorium as alternative resource, partitioning and transmutation; actual developments and preliminary experiences for fast breeding reactor (FBR), high-temperature reactor (HTR), molten salt reactor (MSR), small modular reactor (SMR).

  8. Information systems for mental health in six low and middle income countries: cross country situation analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Upadhaya, Nawaraj; Jordans, Mark J D; Abdulmalik, Jibril; Ahuja, Shalini; Alem, Atalay; Hanlon, Charlotte; Kigozi, Fred; Kizza, Dorothy; Lund, Crick; Semrau, Maya; Shidhaye, Rahul; Thornicroft, Graham; Komproe, Ivan H; Gureje, Oye

    2016-01-01

    Research on information systems for mental health in low and middle income countries (LMICs) is scarce. As a result, there is a lack of reliable information on mental health service needs, treatment coverage and the quality of services provided. With the aim of informing the development and implementation of a mental health information sub-system that includes reliable and measurable indicators on mental health within the Health Management Information Systems (HMIS), a cross-country situation analysis of HMIS was conducted in six LMICs (Ethiopia, India, Nepal, Nigeria, South Africa and Uganda), participating in the 'Emerging mental health systems in low and middle income countries' (Emerald) research programme. A situation analysis tool was developed to obtain and chart information from documents in the public domain. In circumstances when information was inadequate, key government officials were contacted to verify the data collected. In this paper we compare the baseline policy context, human resources situation as well as the processes and mechanisms of collecting, verifying, reporting and disseminating mental health related HMIS data. The findings suggest that countries face substantial policy, human resource and health governance challenges for mental health HMIS, many of which are common across sites. In particular, the specific policies and plans for the governance and implementation of mental health data collection, reporting and dissemination are absent. Across sites there is inadequate infrastructure, few HMIS experts, and inadequate technical support and supervision to junior staff, particularly in the area of mental health. Nonetheless there are also strengths in existing HMIS where a few mental health morbidity, mortality, and system level indicators are collected and reported. Our study indicates the need for greater technical and resources input to strengthen routine HMIS and develop standardized HMIS indicators for mental health, focusing in

  9. Situational analysis of infant and young child nutrition policies and programmatic activities in Senegal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wuehler, Sara E; Ly Wane, Coudy Thierno

    2011-04-01

    Progress towards reducing mortality and malnutrition among children nutrition in the Sahel', starting with an analysis of current activities related to infant and young child nutrition (IYCN). The main objectives of the situational analysis are to compile, analyse and interpret available information on infant and child feeding and the nutrition situation of children nutrition division was developed to support a national nutrition strengthening programme; (4) the national nutrition counsel was organized to coordinate nutritional activities across various organizations and governmental sectors, involving representatives from health, agriculture and surveillance; and (5) an integrated communications programme was developed to support harmonized behaviour change communication tools for the health and nutrition sectors. Along with these activities, a number of programme evaluations were conducted to ensure that programmes obtain desired results. Although useful, these evaluations were not rigorous enough to identify effective programmes that contributed to the mentioned reductions in the prevalence of underweight and mortality, and increases in exclusive breastfeeding. The policy and programme framework is well established for support of optimal IYCN practices in Senegal. Despite the recent improvements in infant and young child nutritional status indicators, there is still much to do. Greater resources and continued capacity building are needed to: (1) conduct necessary research for adapting training materials and programme protocols to programmatic needs; (2) improve and carry out monitoring and evaluation that identify effective programme components; and (3) apply these findings in developing, expanding and improving effective programmes.

  10. Linguocultural analysis of superstitions used in the communicative situation Christmas holiday in the Pyrenean national variant of the Spanish language

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Юлия Анатольевна Фролкова

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The article deals both with the linguocultural analysis of superstitions used in the communicative situation Christmas holyday in the Pyrenean national variant of the Spanish language and their structural classification.

  11. The current situation of the wastewater treatment in the rural communities in Lugo (Spain); Situacion actual de la depuracion de aguas residuales en los nucleos rurales de la provincia de Lugo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cajavarille Martinez, A.; Cancela Barrio, J. J.; Cuesta Garcia, T. S.; Marey Perez, M. F.

    2007-07-01

    The application of the Water Framework Directive and the Directive 91/271/CEE conditions the objectives of the plans of wastewater management approved in different Autonomous Communities in Spain. In all the lines of performance the treatment of the towns with more than 2,000 e-i has been priorized. It is foreseeable that in one second phase the smallest towns will study. In this case, the collective, individual or decentralized systems will be valued of wastewater management. This paper analyzes the present situation of the wastewater management in the rural scope of the province of Lugo by means of a survey in the 67 city councils. the high-priority lines of performance and the methodology for the selection of the suitable technology are defined from the collected data. (Author) 10 refs.

  12. An experimental analysis of situation awareness for cockpit display interface evaluation based on flight simulation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wei Hengyang; Zhuang Damin; Wanyan Xiaoru; Wang Qun

    2013-01-01

    Aircraft cockpit display interface (CDI) is one of the most important human-machine interfaces for information perceiving.During the process of aircraft design,situation awareness (SA) is frequently considered to improve the design,as the CDI must provide enough SA for the pilot to maintain the flight safety.In order to study the SA in the pilot-aircraft system,a cockpit flight simulation environment is built up,which includes a virtual instrument panel,a flight visual display and the corresponding control system.Based on the simulation environment,a human-in-the-loop experiment is designed to measure the SA by the situation awareness global assessment technique (SAGAT).Through the experiment,the SA degrees and heart rate (HR) data of the subjects are obtained,and the SA levels under different CDI designs are analyzed.The results show that analyzing the SA can serve as an objective way to evaluate the design of CDI,which could be proved from the consistent HR data.With this method,evaluations of the CDI design are performed in the experimental flight simulation environment,and optimizations could be guided through the analysis.

  13. ANALYSIS OF THE SITUATION IN THE FIELD OF EDUCATION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. N. Azizova

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim. The main purpose of the present work is the analysis of the situation in the field of education for sustainable development on the territory of the Russian Federation. We believe it appropriate to begin its consideration with the scientific and organizational principles of education for sustainable development.Location. Russian FederationMethods. Analytical review of current scientific, technical, normative and methodological literature that raises the issue of education for sustainable development in the Russian Federation Results. The transition to the new doctrine of education for sustainable development is particularly important on the path to "Sustainable development". However, it should be noted that the existing in our country, the progress in education for sustainable development does not yet meet modern requirements.Main conclusions. Developed strategic planning documents on education for sustainable development with the support of the Ministry of education and science of the Russian Federation still has not gained official status. All this contrasts with the situation in most foreign countries and does not correspond to the declared national policy objectives in the field of education.

  14. Situation analysis of the internal environment of a company Pivovar a sodovkárna Jihlava

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helena Chládková

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Brewing is a very important part of the food industry with a successful tradition. Beer, brewer’s malt and hops are important for export too. The situation in the beer market is changing dramatically at this time. Smaller local breweries are fighting with big competitors for the first time through expansion and innovation of the production line. Brewing development will be probably the same as in another European states, where are twenty big breweries to a thousand small ones. The strategy of Czech beer production is focused on the traditional production of classic Czech beer. For small breweries there are big opportunities in beer tourism, beer path building, brewery sight- seeing and brewery festivals for example.This paper describes a particular firm’s activities with using Porter’s value chain and an analysis of its financial situation. In final part the Strength and Weakness analysis of the company Pivovar a sodovkárna Jihlava, a. s. is done and on the basis of the results are defined the appropriate advices.During the recent period of time there have been many researchers from the FBE MUAF in Brno, who focused on the analysis of the food company’s internal environment, e.g. Bečvářová (2005; Duda (2006, 2007; Jánský (2002, 2005; Syrovátka (2000; Veselská (2005; Zrůst and Pyšný (2007; Živělová a kol. (2004. The research on trade in food is solved firstly by Presová and Tvrdoň (2005.This paper is the part of the Research proposal MSM 6215648904 being solved at the FBE MUAF in Brno.

  15. La lexicografia catalana actual

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Teresa Cabré

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available In this paper a general analysis of the evolution and current State of modem Catalan lexicography is undertaken, which starts with the setting up of a catalogue of lexicographic publications from 1940 onwards. In addition to the quantitative analysis of published dictionaries the paper introduces a typology study in order to sort out the variety and richness of modem Catalan lexicography. In the paper relevant data is presented on the situation of Catalan lexicography with respect to the quantity of existing dictionaries, and also on the factors that have determined their variety. Finally it can serve to establish the bases to build a lexicographic plan that helps to fill the gaps and avoids the unnecessary repetitions, so that Catalan can be given the same lexicographic resorts that are available for other widespread languages.

  16. An analysis on present situation and development of Medical Delivery System in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TIAN Wei; ZHANG Lu-lu; OU Chong-yang; QIU Yuan-feng; MA Yu-qin

    2007-01-01

    Objective:To explore the present situation and development of Medical Delivery System in China. Methods:The data in three Nation Health Service Investigations were compared and analyzed by applying literature meta-analysis, Delphi and cross-sectional investigation, etc. Results:The Medical Service resource develops fast, and public cost for medical treatment keeps increasing. Organization structure presents a vertical and flat trend. Inhabitant health level rises year by year, and it is hard to resolve the problem of potential medical demand transformed. Conclusion: Medical Delivery System in China has formed, but the development of Medical Service System still exists structural problems in the deeper layer. The development trend predicts that the supervision of the government is gradually reinforcing and community health service develops step by step.

  17. Workplace bullying in emergency nursing: Development of a grounded theory using situational analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolf, Lisa A; Perhats, Cydne; Clark, Paul R; Moon, Michael D; Zavotsky, Kathleen Evanovich

    2017-09-22

    The Institute of Medicine recognizes that the workplace environment is a crucial factor in the ability of nurses to provide safe and effective care, and thus interactions that affect the quality and safety of the work environment require exploration. The purpose of this study was to use situational analysis to develop a grounded theory of workplace bullying as it manifests specifically in the emergency care setting. This study used a grounded theory methodology called situational analysis. 44 emergency RNs were recruited to participate in one of 4 focus group sessions, which were transcribed in their entirety, and, along with field notes, served as the dataset. This grounded theory describes the characteristics of human actors and their reactions to conditions in the practice environment that lead to greater or lesser levels of bullying, and the responses to bullying as it occurs in U.S. emergency departments. Workplace bullying is a significant factor in the dynamics of patient care, nursing work culture, and nursing retention. The impact on patient care cannot be overestimated, both in terms of errors, substandard care, and the negative effects of high turnover of experienced RNs who leave, compounded by the inexperience of newly hired RNs. An assessment of hospital work environments should include nurse perceptions of workplace bullying, and interventions should focus on effective managerial processes for handling workplace bullying. Future research should include testing of the theoretical coherence of the model, and the testing of bullying interventions to determine the effect on workplace environment, nursing intent to leave/retention, and patient outcomes. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  18. Postgrado en Enfermería en Chile Nursing Postgrade in Chile, it’s historical evolution and present situation: Su evolución histórica y situación actual

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viviane Jofré-Aravena

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo muestra la situación de los programas de postgrado en Enfermería en Chile en strictus sensus (magíster y doctorado, incluyendo, una panorámica general de los postgrados en el país. Se hace una revisión de los principales hechos que han motivado la creación de los postgrados en enfermería en el país y las dificultades que se presentan en los distintos niveles en la creación y desarrollo de estos programas. La evolución histórica de estos programas se asemeja al de los demás programas de postgrado de enfermería en América Latina.This article shows the situation of the nursing postgrade in Chile in strictus sensus (magíster and doctorate, including, a general panoramic of the graduate degrees in the country. A revision of the main facts that have motivated the creation of the graduate degrees in infirmary in the country and the difficulties that are presented in the different levels in the creation and development of these programs is made. This programs resembles the historical evolution of the other programs of graduate degree of nursing in Latin America.

  19. An Analysis of the Actual Processes of Physicists' Research and the Implications for Teaching Scientific Inquiry in School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Jongwon; Jang, Kyoung-Ae; Kim, Ikgyun

    2009-01-01

    Investigation of scientists’ actual processes of conducting research can provide us with more realistic aspects of scientific inquiry. This study was performed to identify three aspects of scientists’ actual research: their motivations for scientific inquiry, the scientific inquiry skills they used, and the main types of results obtained from their research. To do this, we interviewed six prominent physicists about why and how they researched and what they obtained from their research results. We also analyzed their published papers. In the previous part of this study, types and features of the physicists’ research motivations were identified (Park and Jang, Journal of the Korean Physical Society, 47(3), 401-408, 2005). In this article, as the second part of the study, it was found: (1) Various inquiry skills including theoretical as well as experimental research skills and the social skills of scientific inquiry were used in physicists’ research. (2) New inventions, articulation of, and falsification of the previous findings were regarded as important research results. (3) Physicists’ research processes were often non-linear and cyclical. For each of these findings, implications for teaching scientific inquiry in schools were developed. Finally, we proposed a model of scientific inquiry process consisting of research motives, scientific inquiry skills, and results of inquiry.

  20. An Overview of Recent Australian Commitments to Space Situational Awareness from a Systems Analysis Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newsam, G.; Picone, P.

    2013-09-01

    Over the last five years Australia has moved from a position of no national interest or commitment to SSA to articulation of a national policy that commits the country to developing SSA capabilities, investment approaching A$100 million dollars in SSA technology and systems, and a significant expansion of the SSA R&D base. As might be expected this has not been a totally smooth or pain-free process: this paper will review these developments and what lessons can be drawn from it to inform continued developments. In particular the paper will focus on a review of the installation and development of new surveillance of space sensors in Australia, and on the surveillance systems analysis done in support of these activities. The main finding is that for much of this time the analysis has lagged initiatives and choices rather than leading them: its primary role has been to educate or inform those faced with having to make decisions on externally defined issues or initiatives, as opposed to helping frame issues or initiatives de novo. The situation is changing, however: knowledge of SSA is accumulating within defence, government and the wider R&D community in Australia, and the commitments of organisations to SSA operations and to significantly expanded R&D programs presents the opportunity to use systems analysis to seed and shape, as opposed to just help play catch-up.

  1. Observer Interface Analysis for Standardization to a Cloud Based Real-Time Space Situational Awareness (SSA)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eilers, J.

    2013-09-01

    The interface analysis from an observer of space objects makes a standard necessary. This standardized dataset serves as input for a cloud based service, which aimed for a near real-time Space Situational Awareness (SSA) system. The system contains all advantages of a cloud based solution, like redundancy, scalability and an easy way to distribute information. For the standard based on the interface analysis of the observer, the information can be separated in three parts. One part is the information about the observer e.g. a ground station. The next part is the information about the sensors that are used by the observer. And the last part is the data from the detected object. Backbone of the SSA System is the cloud based service which includes the consistency check for the observed objects, a database for the objects, the algorithms and analysis as well as the visualization of the results. This paper also provides an approximation of the needed computational power, data storage and a financial approach to deliver this service to a broad community. In this context cloud means, neither the user nor the observer has to think about the infrastructure of the calculation environment. The decision if the IT-infrastructure will be built by a conglomerate of different nations or rented on the marked should be based on an efficiency analysis. Also combinations are possible like starting on a rented cloud and then go to a private cloud owned by the government. One of the advantages of a cloud solution is the scalability. There are about 3000 satellites in space, 900 of them are active, and in total there are about ~17.000 detected space objects orbiting earth. But for the computation it is not a N(active) to N problem it is more N(active) to N(apo peri) quantity of N(all). Instead of 15.3 million possible collisions to calculate a computation of only approx. 2.3 million possible collisions must be done. In general, this Space Situational Awareness System can be used as a

  2. A pós-graduação em enfermagem no Brasil - situação atual El post grado en enfermería en Brasil - situación actual Post-graduate programs in nursing in Brasil - actual situation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Cecília Puntel de Almeida

    1993-01-01

    Full Text Available O presente texto faz uma descrição da situação atual da pós-graduação em enfermagem no Brasil tendo por base os dados do biênio 90/91, da Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior - CAPES - Referentes a: Corpo Docente, estrutura curricular, organização da pesquisa, produção científica docente, produção científica discente, tempo médio de titulação e fluxo de alunos. Finaliza com uma avaliação global da pós-graduação em enfermagem nestes 20 anos de existência.El presente texto hace una descripción de la situación actual del Post Grado en Enfermería en Brasil fundamentándose en los dados del bienio 90/91, de la Coordinación de Personal de Nivel Superior - CAPES - referentes a: Cuerpo Docente, estructura curricular, organización de la investigación, producción científica de los docentes, producción científica de los educandos, tiempo medio de titulación y flujo de alumnos. Finaliza con una avaluación global da post Grado en Enfermería en estés 20 años de existencia.This article describes the actual of post-graduate programs in nursing in Brazil based on data for the biennium 90/91, from the Coordination of Post-Graduate Programs (CAPES regarding: the faculty curricular structure, organization of research, scientific production by the faculty, scientific production by the students, mean time for receipt of degree, and student flux. A global evaluation of post-graduate programs in nursing throughout their 20 years of existence is presented.

  3. 电解防污技术及其实际应用情况探析%Electrolytic Anti-Fouling System and Actual Applying Cases Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李军威; 田俊杰; 马光皎

    2015-01-01

    Electrolytic anti-fouling system is the main technology against marine growth fouling, that is adopted on marine facility widely. Sometimes this system easily doesn''t work well in the process of actual application, this essay analyse the situations according to actual applying experience in some representative works and introduce comprehensively electrolytic marine growth prevention device in the front part of this essay.%电解防污技术是应对海洋海生物污损的主流技术,在海洋设施中被广泛采用,而在实际应用中,其容易出现防治不利的现象,对此,本文根据实际工作经验,针对有代表性的若干典型实例进行探析.并在文章前半部分对电解防污系统机理做出切实介绍.

  4. Spacebody actual virtual

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjøbek, Jytte; Sørensen, Gert

    2005-01-01

    DVD som indeholder filmen 'spacebody actual virtual' . Videoen er værkdelen af forskningsprojektet Arkitektur og skikkelse, spacebody actual virtual. Foruden DVD'en indeholder projektet et reflekterende materiale på hjemmesiden www.spacebody.dk Fysisk medie: DVD......DVD som indeholder filmen 'spacebody actual virtual' . Videoen er værkdelen af forskningsprojektet Arkitektur og skikkelse, spacebody actual virtual. Foruden DVD'en indeholder projektet et reflekterende materiale på hjemmesiden www.spacebody.dk Fysisk medie: DVD...

  5. A Situational Analysis of Educational Supervision in the Turkish Educational System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tuncay Yavuz Ozdemir

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to conduct a situational analysis on the educational supervisions carried out within the Turkish educational system. Content analysis was used in this study, which is one of the qualitative research methods. An interview form was prepared by the researchers in accordance with the study purpose and expert opinion sought to ensure content and face validity. Findings of the study show that; supervision is necessary for an increase in educational quality, sustainability of educational worker development, determination and elimination of possible deficiencies, to ensure not falling behind developments in the educational system, and to collaborate within the school. It has been determined that the agents who carry out the supervision should have professional competencies, should be able to enter into effective communication, should be able to spare enough time for supervision and follow the principles of equality. In addition, the importance of effective and sufficient guidance and parental participation was highlighted. In a change to the Turkish educational system in 2014, the authority and responsibility of supervision was assigned to the school principals. Because it would decrease the psychological pressure that supervision imposes on educational workers, and enable a positive atmosphere for communication over a prolonged period, this change was believed to be beneficial overall. According to another standpoint, because school principals lack professional competencies regarding educational supervision and do not follow the principles of equality, this change instead was believed to be unfavorable.

  6. Situación actual y perspectivas futuras de la epidemia de VIH y sida en España Present situation and future perspectives of the epidemic of HIV and AIDS in Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Castilla

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available España fue hasta 1997 el país europeo con mayor incidencia de sida, debido principalmente a la transmisión entre usuarios de drogas inyectadas. Desde principios de 1990 ha disminuido la tasa de diagnósticos de infección por el VIH en las comunidades autónomas españolas que disponen de esta información, y en 2004 esta tasa se situó por debajo de la de varios países de Europa occidental. Han disminuido las nuevas infecciones en usuarios de drogas por vía parenteral, y aunque la transmisión heterosexual no ha sufrido cambios importantes, ha pasado a ser la primera causa de las nuevas infecciones por VIH. La tasa de diagnósticos de VIH ha disminuido tanto en población autóctona como en inmigrantes; no obstante, los cambios demográficos hacen que crezca el porcentaje de diagnósticos de VIH de inmigrantes. En hombres homosexuales se han descrito aumentos recientes en la incidencia de sífilis y gonococia que alertan sobre posibles ascensos en la transmisión del VIH en este colectivo. El número de personas que viven con el VIH en España se mantiene entre 100.000 y 150.000 (2,4 a 3,6 por 1.000 habitantes. A pesar de la mejora en el pronóstico debida a los tratamientos antirretrovirales, en España se producen todavía más de 2.000 casos de sida (4,8 por 100.000 habitantes y más de 1.600 muertes por sida anuales (3,8 por 100.000 habitantes. Un tercio de las personas que debutaron con sida en 2004 no habían sido diagnosticadas de VIH hasta entonces, lo que impidió iniciar el tratamiento antirretroviral a tiempo.Until 1997 Spain was the European country with the highest incidence of AIDS, due mainly to transmission between users of injected drugs. Since early 1990 there has been a fall in the rate of diagnoses of HIV infection in the Spanish autonomous communities where this information is available, and in 2004 this rate was situated below that of several western European countries. New infections in users of intravenous drugs

  7. La enseñanza de la nutrición en las facultades de Medicina: situación actual The teaching of nutrition at medical schools: current situation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Sánchez

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available Antecedentes: Aunque médicos, estudiantes y docentes coinciden en reconocer la necesidad de unos conocimientos adecuados en nutrición humana para el ejercicio de la medicina, la integración de esta disciplina en el currículum de pregrado ha sido más bien escasa. Hasta hace pocos años, en España tan sólo existían dos facultades con una asignatura obligatoria en nutrición en sus planes de estudios. Objetivo: Se pretende valorar el estado actual de la enseñanza de la nutrición dentro de los planes de estudio de la Licenciatura en Medicina y Cirugía en las universidades españolas. Materiales: Se han consultado los planes de estudio de 27 facultades de Medicina de España para averiguar: 1 si existían asignaturas delimitadas en materia de nutrición, alimentación o dietética, 2 si estas materias eran obligatorias u optativas, 3 si existían temas específicos de esta área integrados en otras asignaturas. Resultados: Los resultados de la búsqueda muestran que 7 facultades (aproximadamente un 25% del total ofrecen una asignatura obligatoria de nutrición o dietética, mientras que 17 tienen al menos una asignatura optativa de esta materia, especialmente en 2º ciclo y con un contenido medio de 4,5 créditos; asimismo, 3 facultades ofrecen asignaturas obligatorias y optativas de forma simultánea. Dentro de los temarios de las asignaturas troncales de 2º ciclo, las asignaturas de Endocrinología, Metabolismo y Pediatría parecen ser las ubicaciones más habituales de los temas de nutrición clínica, en general con un peso relativo pequeño. Conclusiones: Los resultados obtenidos demuestran un interés creciente en la creación de asignaturas diferenciadas en nutrición o dietética. Sin embargo, continúa predominando la optatividad, y la integración de temas de nutrición humana en el programa de asignaturas troncales parece ser insuficiente para ser considerada una buena alternativa.Background: Although doctors, students and

  8. Policy environment and male circumcision for HIV prevention: Findings from a situation analysis study in Tanzania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mshana Gerry

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Male circumcision (MC has been shown to be effective against heterosexual acquisition of HIV infection and is being scaled up as an additional strategy against HIV in several countries of Africa. However, the policy environment (whether to formulate new specific policy on MC or adapts the existing ones; and the role of various stakeholders in the MC scale up process in Tanzania was unclear. We conducted this study as part of a situation analysis to understand the attitudes of policy makers and other key community and health authority decision makers towards MC, policy and regulatory environment, and the readiness of a health system to accommodate scaling up of MC services. Methods We conducted 36 key informants' interviews with a broad range of informants including civil servants, religious leaders, cultural and traditional gatekeepers and other potential informants. Study informants were selected at the national level, regional, district and community levels to represent both traditionally circumcising and non-circumcising communities. Results Study informants had positive attitudes and strong beliefs towards MC. Key informants in traditionally non-circumcising districts were willing to take their sons for medically performed MC. Religious leaders and traditional gatekeepers supported MC as it has been enshrined in their holy scripts and traditional customs respectively. Civil servants highlighted the need for existence of enabling policy and regulatory environment in the form of laws, regulations and guidelines that will ensure voluntary accessibility, acceptability, quality and safety for those in need of MC services. Majority of informants urged the government to make improvements in the health system at all levels to ensure availability of adequate trained personnel, infrastructure, equipment, and supplies for MC scale up, and insisted on the involvement of different MC stakeholders as key components in effective roll

  9. Situating Transnational Genre Knowledge: A Genre Trajectory Analysis of One Student's Personal and Academic Writing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rounsaville, Angela

    2014-01-01

    Scholars have recently begun to conceive of literacy practices as drawing from resources that are simultaneously situated and extracontextual. In particular, studies of transnational literacy affirm the importance of both locality and movement in literacy studies. Continuing this inquiry into the situated and dispersed nature of transnational…

  10. Determination of Actual Friction Factors in Metal Forming under Heavy Loaded Regimes Combining Experimental and Numerical Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana María Camacho

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Tribological conditions can change drastically during heavy loaded regimes as experienced in metal forming; this is especially critical when lubrication can only be applied at the early stage of the process because the homogeneous lubricant layer can break along the die-workpiece interface. In these cases, adopting a constant friction factor for the lubricant-surface pair may not be a valid assumption. This paper presents a procedure based on the use of dual friction factor maps to determine friction factors employed in heavy loaded regimes. A finite element (FE simulation is used to obtain the friction factor map for the alloy UNS A96082. Experiments were conducted using four lubricants (aluminum anti-size, MoS2 grease, silicone oil, and copper paste to determine the actual friction curves. The experimental procedure is based on the application of lubricant only at the beginning of the first stage of ring compression, and not at intermediate stages as is usual in typical ring compression tests (RCTs. The results show that for small reductions (rh < 20%, the conventional RCT can be applied because the tribological conditions remain similar. For large reductions (rh > 20%, it is recommended to obtain an average value of the friction factor for every lubricant-surface pair in the range of deformation considered.

  11. Analysis of the current situation regarding the aging rural population in China and proposed countermeasures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qu, Bo; Li, Xiyuan; Liu, Jie; Mao, Jiawen

    2012-06-01

    China has become a country with an aging population. Compared with the aged in urban areas, the aged in rural areas have low income and are subject to social security deficiencies; the oldest among them are the most vulnerable group. If an effective mechanism for handling health risk is not available, the poor health of the rural elderly will cause an increase in their poverty level, which in turn will cause their health to become worse. Therefore, it is essential to analyze the current situation regarding rural population aging in China and to develop countermeasures. Data from 4 national health services surveys were used to analyze the differences between urban and rural populations. The results of the analysis revealed that the aged population in rural areas has poor health; economic security for the aged population is insufficient; and resources for the aged are lacking in rural areas. The Chinese government should improve medicare for the aged in rural areas, and establish a medical treatment subsidy system and a medical support system for the aged in rural areas.

  12. [Application characteristics and situation analysis of volatile oils in database of Chinese patent medicine].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Sai-Jun; Wu, Zhen-Feng; Yang, Ming; Wang, Ya-Qi; Hu, Peng-Yi; Jie, Xiao-Lu; Han, Fei; Wang, Fang

    2014-09-01

    Aromatic traditional Chinese medicines have a long history in China, with wide varieties. Volatile oils are active ingredients extracted from aromatic herbal medicines, which usually contain tens or hundreds of ingredients, with many biological activities. Therefore, volatile oils are often used in combined prescriptions and made into various efficient preparations for oral administration or external use. Based on the sources from the database of Newly Edited National Chinese Traditional Patent Medicines (the second edition), the author selected 266 Chinese patent medicines containing volatile oils in this paper, and then established an information sheet covering such items as name, dosage, dosage form, specification and usage, and main functions. Subsequently, on the basis of the multidisciplinary knowledge of pharmaceutics, traditional Chinese pharmacology and basic theory of traditional Chinese medicine, efforts were also made in the statistics of the dosage form and usage, variety of volatile oils and main functions, as well as the status analysis on volatile oils in terms of the dosage form development, prescription development, drug instruction and quality control, in order to lay a foundation for the further exploration of the market development situations of volatile oils and the future development orientation.

  13. Hierarchical adaptation scheme for multiagent data fusion and resource management in situation analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benaskeur, Abder R.; Roy, Jean

    2001-08-01

    Sensor Management (SM) has to do with how to best manage, coordinate and organize the use of sensing resources in a manner that synergistically improves the process of data fusion. Based on the contextual information, SM develops options for collecting further information, allocates and directs the sensors towards the achievement of the mission goals and/or tunes the parameters for the realtime improvement of the effectiveness of the sensing process. Conscious of the important role that SM has to play in modern data fusion systems, we are currently studying advanced SM Concepts that would help increase the survivability of the current Halifax and Iroquois Class ships, as well as their possible future upgrades. For this purpose, a hierarchical scheme has been proposed for data fusion and resource management adaptation, based on the control theory and within the process refinement paradigm of the JDL data fusion model, and taking into account the multi-agent model put forward by the SASS Group for the situation analysis process. The novelty of this work lies in the unified framework that has been defined for tackling the adaptation of both the fusion process and the sensor/weapon management.

  14. A situational analysis of breast cancer early detection services in Trinidad and Tobago.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Badal, Kimberly; Rampersad, Fidel; Warner, Wayne A; Toriola, Adetunji T; Mohammed, Hamish; Scheffel, Harold-Alexis; Ali, Rehanna; Moosoodeen, Murrie; Konduru, Siva; Russel, Adaila; Haraksingh, Rajini

    2017-08-11

    A situational analysis of breast cancer (BC) early detection services was carried out to investigate whether Trinidad and Tobago (T&T) has the framework for successful organized national screening. An online survey was designed to assess the availability, accessibility, quality control and assurance (QC&A), and monitoring and evaluation (M&E) mechanisms for public and private BC early detection. A focus group with local radiologists (n = 3) was held to identify unaddressed challenges and make recommendations for improvement. Major public hospitals offer free detection services with wait times of 1-6 months for an appointment. Private institutions offer mammograms for TTD$240 (USD$37) at minimum with same day service. Both sectors report a lack of trained staff. Using 1.2 mammograms per 10,000 women ≥40 years as sufficient, the public sector's rate of 0.19 mammograms per 10,000 women ≥40 years for screening and diagnosis is inadequate. Program M&E mechanisms, QC&A guidelines for machinery use, delays in receipt of pathology reports, and unreliable drug access are further unaddressed challenges. T&T must first strengthen its human and physical resources, implement M&E and QC&A measures, strengthen cancer care, and address other impediments to BC early detection before investing in nationally organized BC screening.

  15. Analysis of Pilot Feedback Regarding the Use of State Awareness Technologies During Complex Situations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evans, Emory; Young, Steven D.; Daniels, Taumi; Santiago-Espada, Yamira; Etherington, Tim

    2016-01-01

    A flight simulation study was conducted at NASA Langley Research Center to evaluate flight deck systems that (1) predict aircraft energy state and/or autoflight configuration, (2) present the current state and expected future state of automated systems, and/or (3) show the state of flight-critical data systems in use by automated systems and primary flight instruments. Four new technology concepts were evaluated vis-à-vis current state-of-the-art flight deck systems and indicators. This human-in-the-loop study was conducted using commercial airline crews. Scenarios spanned a range of complex conditions and several emulated causal factors and complexity in recent accidents involving loss of state awareness by pilots (e.g. energy state, automation state, and/or system state). Data were collected via questionnaires administered after each flight, audio/video recordings, physiological data, head and eye tracking data, pilot control inputs, and researcher observations. This paper strictly focuses on findings derived from the questionnaire responses. It includes analysis of pilot subjective measures of complexity, decision making, workload, situation awareness, usability, and acceptability.

  16. A Framework for Achieving Situational Awareness during Crisis based on Twitter Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zielinski, Andrea; Tokarchuk, Laurissa; Middleton, Stuart; Chaves, Fernando

    2013-04-01

    Decision Support Systems for Natural Crisis Management increasingly employ Web 2.0 and 3.0 technologies for future collaborative decision making, including the use of social networks like Twitter. However, human sensor data is not readily accessible and interpretable, since the texts are unstructured, noisy and available in various languages. The present work focusses on the detection of crisis events in a multilingual setting as part of the FP7-funded EU project TRIDEC and is motivated by the goal to establish a Tsunami warning system for the Mediterranean. It is integrated into a dynamic spatial-temporal decision making component with a command and control unit's graphical user interface that presents all relevant information to the human operator to support critical decision-support. To this end, a tool for the interactive visualization of geospatial data is implemented: All tweets with an exact timestamp or geo-location are monitored on the map in real-time so that the operator on duty can get an overall picture of the situation. Apart from the human sensor data, the seismic sensor data will appear also on the same screen. Signs of abnormal activity from twitter usage in social networks as well as in sensor networks devices can then be used to trigger official warning alerts according to the CAP message standard. Whenever a certain threshold of relevant tweets in a HASC region (Hierarchical Administrative Subdivision Code) is exceeded, the twitter activity in this administrative region will be shown on a map. We believe that the following functionalities are crucial for monitoring crisis, making use of text mining and network analysis techniques: Focussed crawling, trustworthyness analysis geo-parsing, and multilingual tweet classification. In the first step, the Twitter Streaming API accesses the social data, using an adaptive keyword list (focussed crawling). Then, tweets are filtered and aggregated to form counts for a certain time-span (e.g., an interval of

  17. Investigation and Analysis on Psychological Health Situation for Middle and Primary School Students in Xianning City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hong Yanping

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper is used to know about the psychological health situation for middle and primary school students in Xianning City and provide a certain empirical basis for meaningful development of psychological health education and psychological assistance. This paper uses the MHT scale prepared by Bucheng Zhou professor et al. to conduct a test for 1000 students in 7 middle and primary schools in Xianning City. The detection rate of psychological health problem accounts for 1.6% where the positive detection rate of study anxiety ranks first (43.2%. The psychological health situations have much difference in sex (t = -4. 624, P<0. 001, and it’s lower in male students than female ones. There is a significant difference between the psychological health situation for only and non-only children (t = -2. 519, P<0. 01.There is a significant difference on the psychological health situation for primary school, middle school and high school students (F = 11. 3, P<0. 001, and the psychological health situation of primary school students is better than that for middle school students. It can be concluded that the psychological health situation of middle and primary school students in Xianning City is fairly good, and the psychological health situation for male student, only children and primary school student is also fairly good.

  18. The cultural dimension of tightness-looseness: An analysis of situational constraint in Estonia and Greece.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Realo, Anu; Linnamägi, Karmen; Gelfand, Michele J

    2015-06-01

    The importance of tightness-looseness as a dimension that explains a considerable amount of variance between cultures was demonstrated by Gelfand et al. (2011). Tight nations have many strong norms and a low tolerance of deviant behaviour, whereas loose nations have weak social norms and a high tolerance of deviant behaviour. The main aim of the current studies was to examine situational constraint in Estonia and Greece: that is, how the cultural dimension of tightness-looseness is manifested in everyday situations in those two countries. The findings of a questionnaire study (Study 1) suggested that, in general, there is higher constraint across everyday situations in Greece than in Estonia, but situational constraint in Greece is especially strong in school and organisational settings where people have hierarchically structured roles. The results of an observational study (Study 2) revealed a relatively high agreement between appropriateness of certain behaviours as judged by the respondents in Study 1 and the frequencies of observed behaviours in the two countries. Our findings suggest that the strength of situations may substantially vary both within and across cultures, and that the attitudes of the members about situational strength in their respective cultures are in concordance with observations of situations by neutral observers in how people in general behave in their culture. © 2014 International Union of Psychological Science.

  19. La preservación de documentos vitales: aproximación a la situación actual en el Distrito Capital Preservation of vital documents: an overview of the current situation in Bogota

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Alberto Zapata

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Desde 1986, la Organización de las Naciones Unidas para la Educación la Ciencia y la Cultura - UNESCO, a través de los estudios RAMP (Records and Archives Management Programe incorporó como uno de los elementos del Programa de Gestión de Documentos el Subprograma de Gestión de Documentos Vitales (o Esenciales, cuyo objetivo es garantizar la protección de la información y los documentos en casos de desastres de forma que se asegurara la continuidad de las funciones administrativas; el presente estudio, ofrece un panorama general acerca del estado de la implementación de dicho programa en la administración distrital de Bogotá, a partir del análisis de la participación de los archivos y archivistas del Distrito en los planes de continuidad del negocio de sus entidades, a partir de la aplicación del Modelo Estándar de Control Interno.In 1986, the UNESCO's Records and Archives Management Program (RAMP launched the Essential Records Management Program, whose objective is to help guarantee the continuity of administrative functions through the protection of essential records, documents and information in the event of a natural disaster. Within the scope of the Standard Model of Internal Control and through an analysis of participation in administrative continuity plans, this paper offers a general panorama of the implementation of this program in the Bogota administrative district.

  20. Energy consumption in reverse osmosis seawater desalination: current situation and perspectives; El consumo de energia en la dealacion de agua de mar por osmosis iversa: situacion actual y perspectivas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Estevan, A.; Garcia Sanchez -Colomer, M.

    2007-07-01

    This article shows a calculations of the specific consumption generated during the processes of reverse osmosis in a seawater desalination plant, by two different systems of energy recovery: Pelton turbines and isobaric chambers. ideal physical consumption and minimal industrial consumption are defined, and compared with the real consumptions registered in four seawater desalination plants in Spain. finally, the margins to reduce the energy consumptions in this process and the current tendencies in framework of technological progress are examined. With a work pressure of 70 atm and a conversion index of 45%, the ideal physical consumption reaches 1,97 kWh/m{sup 3}. In a context of the best available technology, with ideal assembly and operation, the minimal industrial consumption applying Pelton turbines is 2,74 kWh/m{sup 3}, whereas with isobaric chambers goes down up to 2,51 kWh/m{sup 3}. Te ideal consumptions calculated for plants with Pelton turbines in real assembly and operation change between 2,9 and 3,1 kWh/m{sup 3}. This analysis concludes that the available margins to reduce the energy consumptions are already quite limited, because the principal Spanish desalination plants rise above optimal consumptions calculated in the reverse osmosis phase in a margin changing between a 9% and 14%. In the short term the possibility of the widespread use of isobaric chambers instead of Pelton turbines is considered, together with a small reduction of the work pressure, and some improving in the architecture of the desalination plants. (Author)

  1. Proficiency Test in the Analysis of Gamma Spectra for Malevolent Radiological Situations (MALRAD)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dowdall, M.; Andersson, Kasper Grann; Sidhu, R. Singh

    The MALRAD activity was intended to provide an exercise activity with respect to gamma ray spectrometric response to malevolent situations involving radioactive sources. Such situations can often be characterised by high activity sources in difficult contexts where the response is by necessity...... individual laboratories responded. The majority of laboratories were in a position to satisfactorily identify sources where single sources were used in situations with no complicating factors. For those scenarios involving heavy shielding som difficulties were encountered due to distortion of the spectrum...

  2. Should violence services be integrated within abortion care? A UK situation analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kekana, Loveday Penn; Hall, Megan; Motta, Silvia; Bewley, Susan

    2016-05-01

    The prevalence of violence against women worldwide raises the question of the desirability and feasibility of integrating interpersonal violence (IPV) services within abortion care. By examining present services and context in an Inner London borough in the UK, this situation analysis explored the hypothesis that an established, integrated, health-based service (comprising raised awareness, staff training in routine IPV enquiry and referral to a community-based in-reach IPV service) would be transferable into abortion services. Four sources of qualitative data investigated views on integrating services: key stakeholder in-depth interviews including with providers of abortion and IPV services and commissioners and IPV survivors with past abortion service use (3 user, 15 provider); qualitative analysis of the open-ended part of a survey of current abortion service users with and without experience of IPV; feedback from an interactive workshop and data from field observations. While there was consensus among all informants that women experiencing IPV and seeking abortion have unidentified, unaddressed needs, how any intervention might be organised to address these needs was contested; thus questions remain about whether, when and how to raise the topic of IPV and what to offer. Two major anxieties surfaced: a practical concern in terms of interrupting a streamlined abortion service that suits the majority of staff and patients, and a conceptual concern about risk of stigmatising abortion seekers as 'victims in crisis'. Thus, our findings indicate: when integrating IPV interventions into abortion services, local context, the integrity of separate pathways, and women's safety and agency must be considered, especially when abortion rights are under attack. Novel approaches are required and should be researched. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. Demonstration of malaria situation analysis, stratification and planning in Minab District, southern Iran

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Vatandoost Hassan; Rashidian Arash; Jafari Mehdi; Raeisi Ahmad; Hanafi-Bojd Ahmad Ali; Yousofzai Abdul Wali; Daryanavard Ali; Mojahedi AbdulRasool; Pakari Abbas

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To demonstrate malaria situation analysis, stratification and planning for an endemic area in southern Iran. Methods: Data on health system, population, meteorological parameters, malaria cases, anopheline vectors, and control activities during 2005-2007 was obtained from Minab Health Center, Minab Meteorological Station and published documents about malaria elements in the study area. A datasheet was created in excel 2003 for analysis. Results: There were 644 health staff working in Minab District including 99 health staff in malaria control program. The health facilities are distributed as follow: 1 hospital with 96 beds, 23 health centers including private centers (10 in Minab city and 13 in rural area of Minab District) and 119 health houses in rural areas of Minab District. Anopheles stephensi was the dominant species in Minab District, however, Anopheles dthali, Anopheles superpictus, Anopheles fluviatilis, Anophelesmulticolor, Anopheles pulcherrimus and Anopheles turkhudi can also be found in the area. Anopheles stephensi was reported susceptible to malathion, propoxur, primphos-methyl, lambda-cyhalothrin permethrin and deltamethrin, and resistant to DDT and dieldrin in the area. During the study period a total of 10 665 positive cases were reported, mainly due to local transmission (99.6%). Plasmodium vivax was the main causative agent followed by Plasmodium falciparum. There were reports about drug resistance of Plasmodium falciparum in the area. Conclusions:Using different parameters, Minab was classified into 3 strata. A plan was designed based on described goal, objectives and targets. The approaches of this plan were categorized into: health education, early detection and correct treatment, and vector control. Main constraints of these approaches are population movement between Iran, Pakistan and Afghanistan; vector control challenges at district, inadequate skilled medical staff in malaria case management and weak inter

  4. Analysis of the Relationship Between Diet and Exercise Beliefs and Actual Behaviors Among Breast Cancer Survivors in Northwest Ohio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeffrey G. Weiner

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Studies have shown that a diet high in fruit and vegetable intake, as well as a routine including daily exercise or physical activity, can independently affect relapse rates and survivorship in breast cancer patients. Fruits and vegetables contain powerful anti-oxidant molecules, capable of preventing tumor formation and proliferation. Exercise can lower circulating levels of estrogen, the female hormone responsible for tumor proliferation in the estrogen-sensitive form of the disease. The most beneficial results have been shown in women who exercise and consume a diet rich in fruits and vegetables. We studied the attitudes towards and behaviors related to fruit and vegetable intake and exercise in a cohort of breast cancer survivors in northwest Ohio. Materials and Methods: Data were gathered from a survey sent out by the Northwest Ohio Branch of the Susan G. Komen For the Cure Foundation. We assessed and evaluated survivors’ self-reported beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors regarding exercise and fruit and vegetable intake. Results: Nearly half of the survivors (46.5% reported being unsure or in disagreement with the statement “Eating at least 5 servings of fruits and/or vegetables per day will reduce the risk of breast cancer recurrence.” Only 46.8% of those in agreement with the previous statement actually report eating at least 5 fruits and/or vegetables per day. With respect to exercise, 32.9% reported being unsure or in disagreement with the statement “Engaging in regular physical activity will reduce the risk of breast cancer recurrence.” Only 68.5% of those in agreement with the previous statement report any physical activity in the past 30 days. Conclusions: Many breast cancer survivors do not appear to be aware of the benefits of diet and exercise. Further, a large proportion of those who are aware of the benefits do not adapt a healthy diet and exercise as part of their lifestyle. A majority of these survivors

  5. Systematic analysis of video data from different human-robot interaction studies: a categorization of social signals during error situations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giuliani, Manuel; Mirnig, Nicole; Stollnberger, Gerald; Stadler, Susanne; Buchner, Roland; Tscheligi, Manfred

    2015-01-01

    Human-robot interactions are often affected by error situations that are caused by either the robot or the human. Therefore, robots would profit from the ability to recognize when error situations occur. We investigated the verbal and non-verbal social signals that humans show when error situations occur in human-robot interaction experiments. For that, we analyzed 201 videos of five human-robot interaction user studies with varying tasks from four independent projects. The analysis shows that there are two types of error situations: social norm violations and technical failures. Social norm violations are situations in which the robot does not adhere to the underlying social script of the interaction. Technical failures are caused by technical shortcomings of the robot. The results of the video analysis show that the study participants use many head movements and very few gestures, but they often smile, when in an error situation with the robot. Another result is that the participants sometimes stop moving at the beginning of error situations. We also found that the participants talked more in the case of social norm violations and less during technical failures. Finally, the participants use fewer non-verbal social signals (for example smiling, nodding, and head shaking), when they are interacting with the robot alone and no experimenter or other human is present. The results suggest that participants do not see the robot as a social interaction partner with comparable communication skills. Our findings have implications for builders and evaluators of human-robot interaction systems. The builders need to consider including modules for recognition and classification of head movements to the robot input channels. The evaluators need to make sure that the presence of an experimenter does not skew the results of their user studies.

  6. Analysis of application for situational teaching method in tourism English teaching

    OpenAIRE

    Li Jing

    2016-01-01

    Faced with China’s English teaching problems today, it is not enough to just know that the situational teaching method can be effectively applied in a wide range of English teaching, but there is a must to embody the specific application value of the situational teaching method. This paper first analyzes tourism English teaching in China through establishing the quantifiable group-index hierarchical structure model to obtain the optimal training program of China’s tourism English talents, and...

  7. Cultural Performance, Resource Flows and Passion in Politics: A Situational Analysis of an Election Rally in Western Mexico

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rap, E.R.

    2007-01-01

    This article contributes to a growing body of literature that questions state-centred approaches to analysing politics, adopting a more de-centred and cultural perspective. It does so by presenting a situational analysis and detailed ethnography of a local election rally in Western Mexico. The analy

  8. Cultural Performance, Resource Flows and Passion in Politics: A Situational Analysis of an Election Rally in Western Mexico

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rap, E.R.

    2007-01-01

    This article contributes to a growing body of literature that questions state-centred approaches to analysing politics, adopting a more de-centred and cultural perspective. It does so by presenting a situational analysis and detailed ethnography of a local election rally in Western Mexico. The

  9. Antibiotic Use, Its Resistance in Nepal and Recommendations for Action: A Situation Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basnyat, B; Pokharel, P; Dixit, S; Giri, S

    2015-01-01

    Antibiotics are crucial, life-saving medicines in the fight against infectious disease, but resistance to these drugs is growing all over. This article presents key findings from a detailed situation analysis produced by the Global Antibiotic Resistance Partnership (GARP)-Nepal working group. In the absence of nationally-representative surveillance, it is not possible to fully describe antibiotic resistance in the country, but many important bacterial pathogens are highly resistant to most first-line and some second-line antibiotics, according to available reports. In credible studies, more than half of Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Streptococcus pneumoniae isolates tested, and over 30 percent of some Shigella spp. and Vibrio cholerae isolates were resistant to first-line antibiotics. The findings for Neisseria gonorrheae and hospital-acquired Staphylococcus aureus are similar. Antibiotic use in animal food is poorly documented in Nepal, but it is commonly acknowledged to be widespread, contributing to the overall antibiotic resistance burden. The volume of veterinary antibiotic sales in Nepal rose over 50 percent from 2008 to 2012, most through retailers without veterinarian prescription. Antibiotics are necessary to treat infections in animals, but they are also used extensively for preventing disease, a use that can be restricted without jeopardizing animal or human health. They may also be used for promoting animal growth, which can be eliminated with no health consequences. Nepal has made important advances in reducing mortality and morbidity and increasing health coverage, but has not yet taken steps to address antibiotic resistance. The GARP-Nepal working group outlines the components of a national strategy on antibiotic resistance, consistent with the recent call by the World Health Organization for national action plans, to be developed collaboratively with stakeholders and partners from government and all relevant sectors.

  10. Current Situation and Characteristics Analysis on Cerebral Palsy Rehabilitation in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王琴玉

    2007-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the therapeutic characteristics and patterns of cerebral palsy rehabilitation in China. Method: To elaborate the specific acupuncture methods and action mechanism of cerebral palsy in China by combining analysis on the therapeutic situation of cerebral palsy from both home and abroad with research literatures. Conclusion: Acupuncture has great potential in social and economic benefits in the treatment of cerebral palsy. It is necessary to develop prospective, multi-center and randomly controlled trials on acupuncture treatment of cerebral palsy with exact and feasible therapeutic plans and establish acupuncture-centered cerebral palsy rehabilitation system with Chinese characteristics.%目的:探讨中国脑性瘫痪的康复治疗特点及模式.方法:分析国内外脑性瘫痪治疗现状,结合文献详细阐述国内采用针灸治疗脑瘫的具体方法及其机理研究.结论:针灸治疗脑瘫有着极大的潜在社会效益和经济效益.宜开展针灸治疗小儿脑瘫的前瞻性、多中心、随机对照试验,探索出疗效确切、可行性强的针灸治疗方案,建立以针灸为中心的有中国特色的脑性瘫痪康复体系.

  11. Obstetric fistula in Southern Sudan: situational analysis and Key Informant Method to estimate prevalence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adler, Alma J; Fox, Samantha; Campbell, Oona M R; Kuper, Hannah

    2013-03-12

    Obstetric fistula is a severe condition which can have devastating consequences for a woman's life. Despite a considerable literature, very little is known about its prevalence. This project was conducted to carry out a situational analysis of fistula services in South Sudan and to pilot test the Key Informant Method (KIM) to estimate the prevalence of fistula in a region of South Sudan. Key stakeholder interviews, document reviews and fistula surgery record reviews were undertaken. A KIM survey was conducted in a district of Western Bahr-el-Ghazal in January 2012. One hundred sixty-six community-based distributors, traditional birth attendants and village midwives were trained as key informants to identify women with fistula in the community. Women identified were subsequently examined by an obstetrician and nurse to verify whether they had a fistula. There were limited fistula repair services in South Sudan. Approximately 50-80 women per year attend periodic campaigns, with around half having a fistula and receiving a repair. On average a further 5 women a year received fistula repair from hospital services. Ten women with potential fistula were identified via KIM; all confirmed by the obstetrician. Of these, three were from the survey area, which had 8,865 women of reproductive age (15-49 years). This gives a minimal estimated prevalence of at least 30 fistulas per 100,000 women of reproductive age (95% CI 10-100). Routine fistula repair services available do not meet the population's needs. The pilot study suggests that KIM can be used to identify women with fistula in the community. Data on fistula are generally poor; the KIM methodology we used in South Sudan yielded a lower fistula prevalence than estimates reported previously in the region.

  12. Situational analysis of lymphatic filariasis morbidity in Ahanta West District of Ghana.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stanton, Michelle C; Best, Abigail; Cliffe, Matthew; Kelly-Hope, Louise; Biritwum, Nana-Kwadwo; Batsa, Linda; Debrah, Alex

    2016-02-01

    Situational analysis of lymphatic filariasis (LF) morbidity and its management in Ahanta West, Ghana, to identify potential barrier to healthcare for LF patients. Lymphoedema and hydrocoele patients were identified by community health workers from a subset of villages, and were interviewed and participated in focus group discussions to determine their attitudes and practices towards managing their morbidity, and their perceived barriers to accessing care. Local health professionals were also interviewed to obtain their views on the availability of morbidity management services in the district. Sixty-two patients (34 lymphoedema and 28 hydrocoeles) and 13 local health professionals were included in the study. Lymphoedema patients predominantly self-managed their conditions, which included washing with soap and water (61.8%), and exercising the affected area (52.9%). Almost 65% of patients had sought medical assistance at some stage, but support was generally limited to receiving tablets (91%). Local health professionals reported rarely seeing lymphoedema patients, citing stigma and lack of provisions to assist patients as a reason for this. Almost half of hydrocoele patients (44%) chose not to seek medical assistance despite the negative impact it had on their lives. Whilst surgery itself is free with national health insurance, 63% those who had not sought treatment stated that indirect costs of surgery (travel costs, loss of earnings, etc.) were the most prohibitive factor to seeking treatment. The information obtained from this study should now be used to guide future morbidity strategies in building a stronger relationship between the local health services and LF patients, to ultimately improve patients' physical, psychological and economic wellbeing. © 2015 The Authors. Tropical Medicine & International Health Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  13. Biomechanical Analysis of Defensive Cutting Actions During Game Situations: Six Cases in Collegiate Soccer Competitions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sasaki Shogo

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The strengths of interpersonal dyads formed by the attacker and defender in one-on-one situations are crucial for performance in team ball sports such as soccer. The purpose of this study was to analyze the kinematics of one-on-one defensive movements in soccer competitions, and determine the relationships between lower limb kinematics and the center of mass translation during cutting actions. Six defensive scenes in which a player was responding to an offender’s dribble attack were selected for analysis. To reconstruct the three-dimensional kinematics of the players, we used a photogrammetric model-based image-matching technique. The hip and knee kinematics were calculated from the matched skeleton model. In addition, the center of mass height was expressed as a ratio of each participant’s body height. The relationships between the center of mass height and the kinematics were determined by the Pearson’s product-moment correlation coefficient. The normalized center of mass height at initial contact was correlated with the vertical center of mass displacement (r = 0.832, p = 0.040 and hip flexion angle at initial contact (r = −0.823, p = 0.044. This suggests that the lower center of mass at initial contact is an important factor to reduce the downwards vertical center of mass translation during defensive cutting actions, and that this is executed primarily through hip flexion. It is therefore recommended that players land with an adequately flexed hip at initial contact during one-on-one cutting actions to minimize the vertical center of mass excursion.

  14. [Situational low self-esteem in pregnant women: an analysis of accuracy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cavalcante, Joyce Carolle Bezerra; de Sousa, Vanessa Emille Carvalho; Lopes, Marcos Venícios de Oliveira

    2012-01-01

    To investigate the accuracy of defining characteristics of Situational low self-esteem we developed a cross-sectional study, with 52 pregnant women assisted in a family centre. The NANDA-I taxonomy was used as well as the Rosenberg's scale. The diagnosis was present in 32.7% of the sample and all characteristics presented statistical significance, except "Reports verbally situational challenge to its own value". The characteristics "Indecisive behavior" and "Helplessness expressions" had 82.35% of sensitivity. On the other hand, the characteristics "Expression of feelings of worthlessness" and "Reports verbally situational challenge to its own value" were the more specific, with 94.29% of specificity. These results can contribute with the nursing practice because the identification of accurate characteristics is essential to a secure inference.

  15. The effectiveness of U.S. public health surveillance systems for situational awareness during the 2009 H1N1 pandemic: a retrospective analysis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael A Stoto

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The 2009 H1N1 outbreak provides an opportunity to learn about the strengths and weaknesses of current U.S. public health surveillance systems and to identify implications for measuring public health emergency preparedness. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We adopted a "triangulation" approach in which multiple contemporary data sources, each with different expected biases, are compared to identify time patterns that are likely to reflect biases versus those that are more likely to be indicative of actual infection rates. This approach is grounded in the understanding that surveillance data are the result of a series of decisions made by patients, health care providers, and public health professionals about seeking and providing health care and about reporting cases to health authorities. Although limited by the lack of a gold standard, this analysis suggests that children and young adults are over-represented in many pH1N1 surveillance systems, especially in the spring wave. In addition, the nearly two-month delay between the Northeast and the South in the Fall peak in some surveillance data seems to at least partially reflect regional differences in concerns about pH1N1 rather than real differences in pH1N1 infection rates. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: Although the extent of the biases suggested by this analysis cannot be known precisely, the analysis identifies underlying problems with surveillance systems--in particular their dependence on patient and provider behavior, which is influenced by a changing information environment--that could limit situational awareness in future public health emergencies. To improve situational awareness in future health emergencies, population-based surveillance systems such as telephone surveys of representative population samples and seroprevalence surveys in well-defined population cohorts are needed.

  16. The effectiveness of U.S. public health surveillance systems for situational awareness during the 2009 H1N1 pandemic: a retrospective analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stoto, Michael A

    2012-01-01

    The 2009 H1N1 outbreak provides an opportunity to learn about the strengths and weaknesses of current U.S. public health surveillance systems and to identify implications for measuring public health emergency preparedness. We adopted a "triangulation" approach in which multiple contemporary data sources, each with different expected biases, are compared to identify time patterns that are likely to reflect biases versus those that are more likely to be indicative of actual infection rates. This approach is grounded in the understanding that surveillance data are the result of a series of decisions made by patients, health care providers, and public health professionals about seeking and providing health care and about reporting cases to health authorities. Although limited by the lack of a gold standard, this analysis suggests that children and young adults are over-represented in many pH1N1 surveillance systems, especially in the spring wave. In addition, the nearly two-month delay between the Northeast and the South in the Fall peak in some surveillance data seems to at least partially reflect regional differences in concerns about pH1N1 rather than real differences in pH1N1 infection rates. Although the extent of the biases suggested by this analysis cannot be known precisely, the analysis identifies underlying problems with surveillance systems--in particular their dependence on patient and provider behavior, which is influenced by a changing information environment--that could limit situational awareness in future public health emergencies. To improve situational awareness in future health emergencies, population-based surveillance systems such as telephone surveys of representative population samples and seroprevalence surveys in well-defined population cohorts are needed.

  17. Thermodynamic Analysis of Actual Vapour Compression System with R12 and Its Eco-Friendly Alternatives Refrigerants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vijay Singh Bisht

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a theoretical performance study of a vapour compression refrigeration system with refrigerants R-12, R134a and R1234yf. A computational model based on energy first law analysis is presented for the investigation of the effects of evaporating temperatures, degree of subcooling, dead state temperatures and effectiveness of the liquid vapour heat exchanger on the relative capacity change index, coefficient of performance of the vapour compression refrigeration cycle. RCI (relative capacity change index of the system is highest for R1234yf and with increase in degree of subcooling; R1234yf has the highest percentage increase in COP. The total compressor work requirement for system is highest with R134a. R1234yf is the only refrigerants of all the refrigerants used in present work that satisfy MAC directive (2006/40/EG because of GWP value less than 150. From these results, it is indicated that R1234yf is the refrigerant for future.

  18. Situation analysis study establishes baseline for future assessment of progress in Senegal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1995-08-01

    A situation analysis study was conducted by the National Family Planning Program of the Senegalese Ministry of Health and Social Action, with technical assistance from the Population Council's Africa OR/TA Project II, to evaluate the availability, functioning, and quality of family planning (FP) services at all 180 functional Service Delivery Points (SDPs) of Senegal's ten regions. Almost one-third of the SDPs had not received a supervisory visit in the seven months prior to the study, and an additional one-fifth had had no supervisory visits at all. 6% had written job descriptions for their personnel, 8% had a plan of activities, and 2% had an objective in terms of the number of clients to serve. Clinic infrastructure was generally satisfactory, although electricity and water were lacking in 30% of SDPs in rural areas. Six out of 87 SDPs in the urban sector had the minimum equipment needed. The majority of FP providers were midwives whose formal training had been limited to the management of pills and IUDs; 32% of providers had no training in administering injectables. Information, education, and communication materials were unavailable at most SDPs. 6% featured FP talks on site on the day of the research visit; six out of ten lacked a visible sign indicating the availability of FP services. On average, FP services were available four days a week, but 53% of the SDPs started services an hour late on the day of the research visit, and many were limited to four hours of service per day. 67% provided injectables, and 78% supplied IUDs. Inadequate management of contraceptive stock was partly responsible for method shortages. Records were incomplete. 81% of new clients had access to and obtained their preferred contraceptive method; however, other appropriate methods were not discussed during consultations, and counseling on method side effects was inadequate. 56% of new clients were asked about their reproductive intentions. Counseling regarding sexually transmitted

  19. Systematic reviews addressing identified health policy priorities in Eastern Mediterranean countries: a situational analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    El-Jardali, Fadi; Akl, Elie A; Karroum, Lama Bou; Kdouh, Ola; Akik, Chaza; Fadlallah, Racha; Hammoud, Rawan

    2014-08-20

    Systematic reviews can offer policymakers and stakeholders concise, transparent, and relevant evidence pertaining to pressing policy priorities to help inform the decision-making process. The production and the use of systematic reviews are specifically limited in the Eastern Mediterranean region. The extent to which published systematic reviews address policy priorities in the region is still unknown. This situational analysis exercise aims at assessing the extent to which published systematic reviews address policy priorities identified by policymakers and stakeholders in Eastern Mediterranean region countries. It also provides an overview about the state of systematic review production in the region and identifies knowledge gaps. We conducted a systematic search of the Health System Evidence database to identify published systematic reviews on policy-relevant priorities pertaining to the following themes: human resources for health, health financing, the role of the non-state sector, and access to medicine. Priorities were identified from two priority-setting exercises conducted in the region. We described the distribution of these systematic reviews across themes, sub-themes, authors' affiliations, and countries where included primary studies were conducted. Out of the 1,045 systematic reviews identified in Health System Evidence on selected themes, a total of 200 systematic reviews (19.1%) addressed the priorities from the Eastern Mediterranean region. The theme with the largest number of systematic reviews included was human resources for health (115) followed by health financing (33), access to medicine (27), and role of the non-state sector (25). Authors based in the region produced only three systematic reviews addressing regional priorities (1.5%). Furthermore, no systematic review focused on the Eastern Mediterranean region. Primary studies from the region had limited contribution to systematic reviews; 17 systematic reviews (8.5%) included primary

  20. Mission Command in the Age of Network-Enabled Operations: Social Network Analysis of Information Sharing and Situation Awareness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buchler, Norbou; Fitzhugh, Sean M.; Marusich, Laura R.; Ungvarsky, Diane M.; Lebiere, Christian; Gonzalez, Cleotilde

    2016-01-01

    A common assumption in organizations is that information sharing improves situation awareness and ultimately organizational effectiveness. The sheer volume and rapid pace of information and communications received and readily accessible through computer networks, however, can overwhelm individuals, resulting in data overload from a combination of diverse data sources, multiple data formats, and large data volumes. The current conceptual framework of network enabled operations (NEO) posits that robust networking and information sharing act as a positive feedback loop resulting in greater situation awareness and mission effectiveness in military operations (Alberts and Garstka, 2004). We test this assumption in a large-scale, 2-week military training exercise. We conducted a social network analysis of email communications among the multi-echelon Mission Command staff (one Division and two sub-ordinate Brigades) and assessed the situational awareness of every individual. Results from our exponential random graph models challenge the aforementioned assumption, as increased email output was associated with lower individual situation awareness. It emerged that higher situation awareness was associated with a lower probability of out-ties, so that broadly sending many messages decreased the likelihood of attaining situation awareness. This challenges the hypothesis that increased information sharing improves situation awareness, at least for those doing the bulk of the sharing. In addition, we observed two trends that reflect a compartmentalizing of networked information sharing as email links were more commonly formed among members of the command staff with both similar functions and levels of situation awareness, than between two individuals with dissimilar functions and levels of situation awareness; both those findings can be interpreted to reflect effects of homophily. Our results have major implications that challenge the current conceptual framework of NEO. In

  1. Mission Command in the Age of Network-Enabled Operations: Social Network Analysis of Information Sharing and Situation Awareness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buchler, Norbou; Fitzhugh, Sean M; Marusich, Laura R; Ungvarsky, Diane M; Lebiere, Christian; Gonzalez, Cleotilde

    2016-01-01

    A common assumption in organizations is that information sharing improves situation awareness and ultimately organizational effectiveness. The sheer volume and rapid pace of information and communications received and readily accessible through computer networks, however, can overwhelm individuals, resulting in data overload from a combination of diverse data sources, multiple data formats, and large data volumes. The current conceptual framework of network enabled operations (NEO) posits that robust networking and information sharing act as a positive feedback loop resulting in greater situation awareness and mission effectiveness in military operations (Alberts and Garstka, 2004). We test this assumption in a large-scale, 2-week military training exercise. We conducted a social network analysis of email communications among the multi-echelon Mission Command staff (one Division and two sub-ordinate Brigades) and assessed the situational awareness of every individual. Results from our exponential random graph models challenge the aforementioned assumption, as increased email output was associated with lower individual situation awareness. It emerged that higher situation awareness was associated with a lower probability of out-ties, so that broadly sending many messages decreased the likelihood of attaining situation awareness. This challenges the hypothesis that increased information sharing improves situation awareness, at least for those doing the bulk of the sharing. In addition, we observed two trends that reflect a compartmentalizing of networked information sharing as email links were more commonly formed among members of the command staff with both similar functions and levels of situation awareness, than between two individuals with dissimilar functions and levels of situation awareness; both those findings can be interpreted to reflect effects of homophily. Our results have major implications that challenge the current conceptual framework of NEO. In

  2. The Power of Professionally Situated Practice Analysis in Redesigning Organisations: A Psychosociological Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scaratti, Giuseppe; Gorli, Mara; Ripamonti, Silvio

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: This paper seeks to provoke thoughts around the possibility of using the lever of practices and situated knowledge to trigger organisational change and to redesign it with the involvement of the whole organisation. Design/methodology/approach: The paper presents connections between a psychosociological approach and a practice-based…

  3. The Analysis on the Situation of 2007 Copper Plate & Strip Industry in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    <正>Based on the overall development situation of 2007 copper processing industry in China,the following 3 conclusions could be made as the basic characteristics of the industry in the cur- rent year,which the first is that the large in-

  4. Detailed Behavioral Analysis as a Window into Cross-Situational Word Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suanda, Sumarga H.; Namy, Laura L.

    2012-01-01

    Recent research has demonstrated that word learners can determine word-referent mappings by tracking co-occurrences across multiple ambiguous naming events. The current study addresses the mechanisms underlying this capacity to learn words cross-situationally. This replication and extension of Yu and Smith (2007) investigates the factors…

  5. A Discourse-Analysis Based Critical Approach to Contextual Interpretation of Heteroglossic Situation in the Novel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fonseka, Edirisingha Arachchige Gamini

    2014-01-01

    According to the theory of dialogism propounded by Mikhail Bakhtin, all discourse in the novel is a product of a process of dialogic imagination. Yet heteroglossic situation in the novel differs from general narration, as it involves interaction among two or more characters speaking in their respective voices to represent different aspects of…

  6. Processing of situational information in story problem texts. An analysis from on-line measures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orrantia, Josetxu; Muñez, David; Vicente, Santiago; Verschaffel, Lieven; Rosales, Javier

    2014-01-01

    In three experiments, we investigated the extent to which readers process information related to the construction of a situation model when they are confronted with solving word problems. Considering that generation of inferences to match actions with particular goals is part of constructing of the situation model, we constructed "rich story problems", that is, word problems included in the context of a story, in which the characters propose goals, and then these goals are followed by actions to achieve it. In Experiments 1 and 2 the story problems were designed so that the character's goal was related to the activation of a problem schema, either explicitly (Experiment 1) or implicitly (Experiment 2). In Experiment 3 the problem schema activation was clearly separated from the goal information. In all three experiments, goal information availability was assessed by on-line measures. The results showed that participants processed situational information by keeping track of characters' goals. These results fit nicely with those studies that emphasize the role of situation model construction in word problem solving.

  7. Detailed Behavioral Analysis as a Window into Cross-Situational Word Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suanda, Sumarga H.; Namy, Laura L.

    2012-01-01

    Recent research has demonstrated that word learners can determine word-referent mappings by tracking co-occurrences across multiple ambiguous naming events. The current study addresses the mechanisms underlying this capacity to learn words cross-situationally. This replication and extension of Yu and Smith (2007) investigates the factors…

  8. Assessing Operational Situations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zhang, Xinxin

    different perspectives on situation awareness in the human factor studies and uses the knowledge reflectively for system representation and analysis. The human cognitive activities during complex plant operation and how they perceive a situation and what kind of knowledge has to be established in the human...... operators to perceive and understand the operational situation. The research domain of situation awareness approaches the operational challenges from the human cognition perspective while the presented thesis aims at supporting situation assessment from the system perspective. The thesis has reviewed...... mental model for the operators to be aware of the situations has motivated the utilization of functional representation in system level of situation assessment. The thesis has summarized the MFM syntax and provides detail instructions of how to model by using the modeling technique. A PWR primary system...

  9. Situational Consultation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rimehaug, Tormod; Helmersberg, Ingunn

    2010-01-01

    Situational Consultation (SC) is presented as a framework for flexible integration of several models and methodologies in consultation practice by choosing an approach adapted to the specific situation. In SC, models and their characteristic role positions are considered interchangeable tools with qualitative differences in strengths and…

  10. Intra-individual gait pattern variability in specific situations: Implications for forensic gait analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ludwig, Oliver; Dillinger, Steffen; Marschall, Franz

    2016-07-01

    In this study, inter- and intra-individual gait pattern differences are examined in various gait situations by means of phase diagrams of the extremity angles (cyclograms). 8 test subjects walked along a walking distance of 6m under different conditions three times each: barefoot, wearing sneakers, wearing combat boots, after muscular fatigue, and wearing a full-face motorcycle helmet restricting vision. The joint angles of foot, knee, and hip were recorded in the sagittal plane. The coupling of movements was represented by time-adjusted cyclograms, and the inter- and intra-individual differences were captured by calculating the similarity between different gait patterns. Gait pattern variability was often greater between the defined test situations than between the individual test subjects. The results have been interpreted considering neurophysiological regulation mechanisms. Footwear, masking, and fatigue were interpreted as disturbance parameters, each being a cause for gait pattern variability and complicating the inference of identity of persons in video recordings.

  11. Situational drinking in private and public locations: A multilevel analysis of blood alcohol level in Finnish drinking occasions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mustonen, Heli; Mäkelä, Pia; Lintonen, Tomi

    2016-11-01

    The first aim was to estimate the extent to which the variation in alcohol use across specific drinking occasions arises from variation at the occasion level and from variation at the drinker level. The second aim was to identify characteristics of drinking situations that moderate or increase situational alcohol use beyond the influence of drinker-level characteristics. The general population aged 15-69 years in Finland was sampled randomly in 2008. The multilevel analysis was based on data from 1511 drinkers and 2933 drinking occasions that occurred in the 7 days before the interview. Alcohol use was operationalised as estimated blood alcohol level (BAL). Characteristics of drinking occasions included location, circumstance, company and timing. Drinker-level data included demographic and drinking pattern variables. Fifty-three percent of the variance in BAL was between occasions and 47% between respondents, for both women and men. With drinking patterns and demographic characteristics controlled for, the dominant characteristics of drinking occasions predisposing to greater intoxication were late-night drinking, across locations and for both genders. For private locations, predisposing characteristics included drinking on weekends for both genders and drinking with friends for men. Situational and drinker levels are equally important in determining the BAL in drinking occasions; therefore, prevention efforts should be targeted at both risky individuals and risky drinking occasions. Occasions occurring late at night, often at home and with friends, are a central challenge for targeting preventive efforts related to situational drinking.[Mustonen H, Mäkelä P, Lintonen T. Situational drinking in private and public locations: A multilevel analysis of blood alcohol level in Finnish drinking occasions. Drug Alcohol Rev 2016;35:772-784]. © 2016 Australasian Professional Society on Alcohol and other Drugs.

  12. Psycho-Cultural Analysis of Disaster Risk Attitudes in Situation Awareness

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-01

    induced disasters usually happen quickly. Attitude is a learned tendency to act in a consistent way to a particular object or situation ( Fishbein ...R., & Kumar, A. (1985). Attitude organization and the attitude-behavior relation: A critique of Bagozzi and Bumkrant’s reanalysis of Fishbein and...University Press. Fishbein , M., & Ajzen, I. (1975) Belief, Attitude, Intention, and Behavior: An Introduction to Theory and Research. Reading, MA

  13. Analysis of Teaching and Learning Situations in Algebra in Prospective Teacher Education

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents a teacher education experiment that was conducted in an algebra course based on an exploratory approach and articulating content and pedagogy. We investigate the contribution of analysing teaching and learning situations, namely student answers and episodes of classroom work, in developing the mathematical and teaching knowledge of prospective primary school teachers. We use a design research methodology to probe the prospective teachers’ development after having par...

  14. Analysis of the Mechanism and the Current Situation of the Plasma Purification Technology for Diesel Exhaust

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiuli Guo

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available In this study, the mechanism and the current situation of the plasma purification technology for diesel exhaust is introduced. Research indicates that cleaning the diesel exhaust with the plasma produced by corona discharge or dielectric barrier discharge has too high energy consumption to direct use without catalyst. To solve this problem, the study gives some new ways about cleaning diesel exhaust with arc discharge.

  15. Proficiency test in the analysis of gamma spectra for malevolent radiological situations (MALRAD)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dowdall, M. (Norwegian Radiation Protection Autority, OEsteraas (Norway)); Andersson, K. (Technical Univ. of Denmark, Risoe National Lab. for Sustainable Energy, Roskilde (Denmark)); Singh Sidhu, R. (Institute for Energy Technology, Kjeller (Norway)); Paulsson, S.E. (Icelandic Radiation Protection Institute (IS))

    2009-11-15

    The MALRAD activity was intended to provide an exercise activity with respect to gamma ray spectrometric response to malevolent situations involving radioactive sources. Such situations can often be characterised by high activity sources in difficult contexts where the response is by necessity conducted with less than optimal instrumentation. Seven scenarios were developed based on previous incidents where possible and gamma spectral data and other information was disseminated to participants who were given one week to respond to each scenario with as much information as possible. In total 14 individual laboratories responded. The majority of laboratories were in a position to satisfactorily identify sources where single sources were used in situations with no complicating factors. For those scenarios involving heavy shielding some difficulties were encountered due to distortion of the spectrum from that which would normally be viewed as characteristic for the isotope in question. Special nuclear materials such as reprocessed enriched uranium and weapons grade plutonium provided different challenges and there were indications in the responses from participants of unfamiliarity with these materials. (author)

  16. Situational Pressures that Influence Firefighters' Decision Making about Personal Protective Equipment: A Qualitative Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maglio, Michael A; Scott, Cliff; Davis, Andrea L; Allen, Joseph; Taylor, Jennifer A

    2016-09-01

    Firefighters are exposed to hazardous conditions as a result of their occupation and often understand the dangers of these toxic exposures; yet, it remains unclear why some refrain from wearing personal protective equipment (PPE) in dangerous situations. We were intrigued by the gap between demonstrated safety knowledge and lack of connection to observed or self-reported safety behaviors, an issue about which there is limited consensus among scholars. In a national study of fire service safety climate, 123 firefighters across 12 fire departments participated in 62 interviews and 10 focus groups. Firefighter identity, goal seduction, and situation aversion were the strongest factors of PPE non-compliance, whereas PPE empowerment and individual will promoted PPE use within a fire department. Understanding situations where PPE use is both practiced and neglected is imperative to improving fire service safety culture. Peer-pressure and leading by example at the peer and organizational levels appear to be essential considerations firefighters undertake when choosing whether or not to engage in safety behavior.

  17. Current Measures on Radioactive Contamination in Japan: A Policy Situation Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilmour, Stuart; Miyagawa, Shoji; Kasuga, Fumiko; Shibuya, Kenji

    2016-01-01

    The Great East Japan Earthquake on 11th March 2011 and the subsequent Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant disaster caused radioactive contamination in the surrounding environment. In the immediate aftermath of the accident the Government of Japan placed strict measures on radio-contamination of food, and enhanced radio-contamination monitoring activities. Japan is a pilot country in the WHO Foodborne Disease Burden Epidemiology Reference Group (FERG), and through this initiative has an opportunity to report on policy affecting chemicals and toxins in the food distribution network. Nuclear accidents are extremely rare, and a policy situation analysis of the Japanese government's response to the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear accident is a responsibility of Japanese scientists. This study aims to assess Japan government policies to reduce radio-contamination risk and to identify strategies to strengthen food policies to ensure the best possible response to possible future radiation accidents. We conducted a hand search of all publicly available policy documents issued by the Cabinet Office, the Food Safety Commission, the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare (MHLW), the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fishery (MAFF) and prefectural governments concerning food safety standards and changes to radiation and contamination standards since March 11th, 2011. We extracted information on food shipment and sales restrictions, allowable radio-contamination limits, monitoring activities and monitoring results. The standard for allowable radioactive cesium (Cs-134 and Cs-137) of 100 Bq/Kg in general food, 50 Bq/Kg in infant formula and all milk products, and 10 Bq/Kg in drinking water was enforced from April 2012 under the Food Sanitation Law, although a provisional standard on radio-contamination had been applied since the nuclear accident. Restrictions on the commercial sale and distribution of specific meat, vegetable and fish products were released for areas at risk of

  18. Incorporating Workload and Performance Levels into Work Situation Analysis of Employees with Application to a Taiwanese Hotel Chain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tien-Hui Chen

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Appropriate Human Resource Management (HRM can motivate employees, develop their capabilities and enhance their productivity. However, before selecting the HRM practices to adopt, the workload levels of employees should be considered, since they may influence the success of such efforts. Approach: This study measured the relative workload of individual employees and incorporates the performance level into the work situation analysis. This analysis enables managers to be more aware of the work situations of employees and thus achieve better HRM decision making. Results: In addition, we presented an example application of the proposed analysis focusing on the reception clerks in a hotel chain and the results can aid management in deciding which HRM practices should be applied for specific employees so that their productivity can be improved. Conclusion: The advantage of this study is that it can provide a practical framework for managers to be more aware of the work situations of employees and thus achieve better HRM decision making.

  19. Numerical analysis of the actual airflow in a solar chimney; Analise numerica do escoamento real de ar em uma chamine solar

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ferreira, Andre G.; Cortez, Marcio F.B.; Valle, Ramon M.; Brasil, Cristiana S. [Minas Gerais Univ., Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil). Dept. de Engenharia Mecanica]. E-mail: ferreira@demec.ufmg.br; fonteboa@demec.ufmg.br; ramon@demec.ufmg.br; tite@demec.ufmg.br

    2000-07-01

    This paper presents a numerical analysis of the turbulent natural convection of the airflow in a solar chimney, under actual solar radiation conditions. The solar chimneys are devices that consist of a transparent radial cover and of a tubular tower positioned in its center. The ground absorbs part of the incident solar radiation on the cover, heating the air in the greenhouse and inducing an upward airflow on the tower. It was developed a model that allows the evaluation of the ground temperature as a function of an energetic balance involving the incident solar radiation. The flow is described by the conservation laws for mass, momentum and thermal energy and the transport equations for the turbulence model (k and e ). A computational code using the Finite Volume Method in Generalized Coordinates was developed to solve these equations. Outlet dimensionless parameters are presented as functions of the radiation time and conditions, besides the unsteady behavior of the ground surface temperature. (author)

  20. Analysis of the status’current situation and reflection on the development of circular economy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    翟程

    2013-01-01

    It is the mainstream of the times building a moderately prosperous society, build a harmonious home, guiding eco-nomic development with scientific Outlook on Development. It is the objective requirements of social development, current more and more prominent, ecological construction and environmental protection increasingly grim situation along with Chi-na's rapid economic growth and increasing population, water, land, mineral, etc. like this it is particularly important and urgent. According to the scientific development concept, vigorously develop the circular economy;accelerate the establishment of a resource-saving society.

  1. Analysis of tactical situations of elite Turkish tennis players in terms of ‘5 game situations’

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bülent Kilit

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available This study analyzes the tactical situations of elite Turkish tennis players in terms of “5 game situations” (serve, baseline play, return of serve, net play, playing against a net player. The data were obtained by examining the video records of 94 matches, 44 of which were between women, and 64 of which were between men tennis players, attending adults’ championship of Turkey (2008 Winter Cup. The women tennis players were of 167,30±6,12 cm, 61,22±6,23 kg and 17,70±3,44 years old, while the men were of 176,10±6,43cm, 74,46±6,83 kg and 21,34±4,77. The statistical analyses of the data were made with the help of SPSS 15.0. T test was applied in order to see whether there was a difference between the game situations’ of men and women tennis players, and (P< 0.05 was accepted as significance level.According to the study, there were significant differences (p<0.05. among of men tennis players: serve(2.stroke, aces, double fault, serve(1.stroke and serve(2.stroke winning strokes, in serve game; forehand and backhand winning and loss strokes in baseline play game; backhand winning stroke, forehand and backhand loss strokes in return of serve game; winning strokes in net player game.Women tennis players: serve (2.stroke, aces, double fault, serve (1.stroke and serve (2.stroke winning strokes, in serve game; forehand and backhand winning and loss strokes in baseline play game; forehand winning strokes, forehand and backhand loss strokes in return of serve game; forehand loss strokes in playing against a net play game: winning strokes in net player game. As a result, both female and male tennis players won the match in the serve and baseline play scores to the game situation has reached higher scores than the other game situations. Lost game scores baseline and the return of serve in game play conditions were made ​​more errors than the other game situations. All this information can be used by coaches and to establish optimum training

  2. Situating Engagement

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Korn, Matthias

    can participate in the world. We experience a new participatory culture on the go. These developments offer new possibilities for civic engagement in participatory land use planning: to engage people where they are. This dissertation coins the notion of situated engagement, which seeks to ’situate......’ civic engagement activities in those spatial contexts that are at stake in land use planning. This approach enables engagement activities to be better integrated with people’s everyday lived experiences through connecting to the places that are personally meaningful and relevant to them. A ’research...... through design’ approach is applied across four participatory design experiments to explore how to design for situated engagement in land use planning. A notion of a situated engagement infrastructure made up of mobile, stationary, ubiquitous, and remote systems frames the design experiments suggesting...

  3. What the drivers do and do not tell you: using verbal protocol analysis to investigate driver behaviour in emergency situations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banks, Victoria A; Stanton, Neville A; Harvey, Catherine

    2014-01-01

    Although task analysis of pedestrian detection can provide us with useful insights into how a driver may behave in emergency situations, the cognitive elements of driver decision-making are less well understood. To assist in the design of future Advanced Driver Assistance Systems, such as Autonomous Emergency Brake systems, it is essential that the cognitive elements of the driving task are better understood. This paper uses verbal protocol analysis in an exploratory fashion to uncover the thought processes underlying behavioural outcomes represented by hard data collected using the Southampton University Driving Simulator.

  4. Situated Learning Perspective

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Keller, Hanne Dauer

    2007-01-01

    Adult Learners' Formation of Identity in a Situated Learning Perspective In a situated learning perspective we do not only acquire professional qualifications in learning situations, we also work on our identity when we engage in change processes. Identity formation is part of our change as we...... learn through our participation in communities of practice. In this view, learning entails both personal and social transformation. In late modernity the concept of qualification has been replaced by the concept of competence pointing to several changes in our view of work, education and labour. One...... education facilitate the learners' process of both qualifying and negotiating their identity? To which extent and in what way do they actually support the identity work of the learners? And to which degree are the institutional and the personal perspectives compatible? Applying a social learning approach...

  5. Situated Learning Perspective

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Keller, Hanne Dauer

    2007-01-01

    learn through our participation in communities of practice. In this view, learning entails both personal and social transformation. In late modernity the concept of qualification has been replaced by the concept of competence pointing to several changes in our view of work, education and labour. One...... education facilitate the learners' process of both qualifying and negotiating their identity? To which extent and in what way do they actually support the identity work of the learners? And to which degree are the institutional and the personal perspectives compatible? Applying a social learning approach......Adult Learners' Formation of Identity in a Situated Learning Perspective In a situated learning perspective we do not only acquire professional qualifications in learning situations, we also work on our identity when we engage in change processes. Identity formation is part of our change as we...

  6. Situated Transgressiveness

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Muhr, Sara Louise; Sullivan, Katie Rose; Rich, Craig

    2016-01-01

    conversations within queer theory, transgender and organization studies by highlighting how situated contexts mediate the political potential of queer bodies at work. By developing the concept ‘situated transgressiveness’, this article challenges notions of transgender as a stable, ideal disruptive category...... and advances a more contextually sensitive approach to understanding the contingency of transgender lives and politics. Such insights are important in facilitating more nuanced understandings of the situatedness of transgression and transgender bodies within work and professional settings....

  7. Fire disaster preparedness and situational analysis in higher learning institutions of Tanzania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacob M. Kihila

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Fire disasters are accompanied with devastating impact affecting both lives and properties. The magnitude of the impacts has been severe in places with low levels of fire disaster preparedness. A study was conducted in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, to investigate the level of fire disaster preparedness considering the availability and condition of firefighting facilities as well as the knowledge on fire management among the selected 10 higher learning institutions. Information for the buildings was obtained from the interviews with the managers of the buildings and field observations; information on the user’s preparedness was obtained from interviews using structured questionnaire conducted with the users of the buildings including the visitors. Results from the studied buildings indicated that 60% of the firefighting facilities were not regularly serviced; 50% stored some hazardous materials; 70% of them had not enough water storage for firefighting purposes; 60% had no identifiable fire assembly points; and 90% of the sessions conducted in the buildings involved more than 100 people in a single venue. Further results indicated that 51% of the respondents were not able to operate the installed firefighting facilities; 80.7% of the respondents had never received any training on firefighting and prevention; 95.6% of the respondents had never participated in any fire drills; and 81.5% of them were not aware of the fire responder’s contacts. General situation indicated that higher learning institutions are not well prepared to manage fire outbreaks suggesting that plans to rectify the situation are imperative.

  8. ANALYSIS OF THE SITUATION IN PHOTOVOLTAIC CELLS ON THE NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL MARKET

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tirshu M.

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available The paper is aimed to analyses of existing photovoltaic cells, its parameters, considering lifetime, efficiency and price. It was established, that efficiency of PV cells is situated in range of 5-30 percents. The PV cells with high efficiency (more than 20% have a cost in 5-10 times more than PV cells with efficiency up to 15%. On the market of Republic Moldova are commercialized PV cells with efficiency up to 15% only. The lifetime of PV cells are situated between 20 and 30 years and after 15 years of life service its efficiency decreasing on about 10%. Additional, efficiency of PV cells depends also from temperature of environment and decreasing on 0,3% on each degree. It technical parameters a given at temperature of 25oC of environment. At the same time, it can be underlined, that in near future the development of PV cells will be aimed to using of organic cells which now have efficiency about 5-7%. In order to develop a new generation of PV cells more usefully it can be considered design, where nanocristal silicon layer is infed between thin layers of amorphous silicon. It offer a very high efficiency of PV battery, and more, it is possible to exclude bulkiness intermediate layers from silicon monocrystal and as a result the material cost decreasing.

  9. The effects of traited and situational impression management on a personality test: an empirical analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MICHAEL S. HENRY

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Studies examining impression management (IM in self-report measures typically assume that impression management is either a 1 trait or 2 situational variable, which has led to often conflicting results (Stark, Chernyshenko, Chan, Lee and Drasgow. 2001. This study examined the item-level and scale-level responses on six empirically-derived facets of conscientiousness from the California Psychological Inventory (CPI between high and low IM groups. Subjects (N = 6,220 were participants in a management assessment conducted by an external consulting firm. Subjects participated in the assessment as part of either 1 a selection or promotional process, or 2 a feedback and development process, and two specific occupational groups (sales/marketing and accounting/finance were examined. Using the IRT-based DFIT framework (Raju, Van der Linden & Fleer, 1995, the item-level and scale-level differences were examined for the situational IM and traited IM approaches. The results indicated that relatively little DIF/DTF was present and that the differences between the two approaches to examining IM may not be as great as previously suggested.

  10. Vivienda ecoconfortable, tendencias actuales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcial Calero

    2016-06-01

    Conocer y manejar el comportamiento mecánico y el uso de componentes de la vivienda, como por ejemplo, materiaJes, agua y energía utilizados y disponibles, constituye el objetivo de investigación; sus resultados pueden revertir la situación actual, aJ obtener materiales y hacer posible la reutilización del agua a partir de la construcción de viviendas ecos confortables. Estas acciones contribuirán al desarrollo socio productivo del país en general y de la colectividad en particular.

  11. Current Measures on Radioactive Contamination in Japan: A Policy Situation Analysis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stuart Gilmour

    Full Text Available The Great East Japan Earthquake on 11th March 2011 and the subsequent Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant disaster caused radioactive contamination in the surrounding environment. In the immediate aftermath of the accident the Government of Japan placed strict measures on radio-contamination of food, and enhanced radio-contamination monitoring activities. Japan is a pilot country in the WHO Foodborne Disease Burden Epidemiology Reference Group (FERG, and through this initiative has an opportunity to report on policy affecting chemicals and toxins in the food distribution network. Nuclear accidents are extremely rare, and a policy situation analysis of the Japanese government's response to the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear accident is a responsibility of Japanese scientists. This study aims to assess Japan government policies to reduce radio-contamination risk and to identify strategies to strengthen food policies to ensure the best possible response to possible future radiation accidents.We conducted a hand search of all publicly available policy documents issued by the Cabinet Office, the Food Safety Commission, the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare (MHLW, the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fishery (MAFF and prefectural governments concerning food safety standards and changes to radiation and contamination standards since March 11th, 2011. We extracted information on food shipment and sales restrictions, allowable radio-contamination limits, monitoring activities and monitoring results. The standard for allowable radioactive cesium (Cs-134 and Cs-137 of 100 Bq/Kg in general food, 50 Bq/Kg in infant formula and all milk products, and 10 Bq/Kg in drinking water was enforced from April 2012 under the Food Sanitation Law, although a provisional standard on radio-contamination had been applied since the nuclear accident. Restrictions on the commercial sale and distribution of specific meat, vegetable and fish products were released for

  12. Analysis on Influencing Factors of the Actual Earth Pressure of Foundation Pit%基坑真实土压力的影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋明健; 杨庆; 钟义敏

    2011-01-01

    Accurate earth pressure is the key factor to ensure the safety and stability of foundation pit.Combined with the recent research progress in foundation pit engineering,various influencing factors of the actual earth pressure are analyzed and described,and the awareness of these factors in the current design construction is summarized in this paper.Based on this,this paper also puts forward some suggestions on acquiring the actual earth pressure,such as to master accurate environmental and geotechnical information,strengthen studies on calculation method and space-time coupling theory,establish regional geotechnical information management system,adopt dynamic design based on back analysis,and use dynamic supporting technology closed integrated with monitoring information.%土压力的准确分析是确保基坑安全稳定的关键。结合基坑工程的最新研究进展,对真实土压力的诸多影响因素进行了分析和论述,并简要归纳了目前设计施工中对这些影响因素的认识现状。在此基础上,提出了把握真实土压力的一些建议:准确掌握环境岩土信息;加强计算方法、时空耦合效应等理论的研究;建立区域岩土信息管理系统;采用以反分析为基础的动态设计;使用与监测信息密切结合的动态支护技术等。

  13. Strength and stability analysis of load-bearing structures of a high-rise building with account for actual positions of reinforced concrete structural members

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Belostotskiy Aleksandr Mikhaylovich

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The given paper is devoted to strength and stability analysis of load-bearing structures of a high-rise (54-storey building with allowance for actual positions of reinforced concrete structural members (columns and walls. Finite element method (FEM is used for structural analysis. The authors present formulations of problems, governing equations, information about basic three-dimensional finite element models (so-called “design” (ideal model, the first “actual” model (taking into account the deviations of positions of columns from the project and the second “actual” model (taking into account the deviations of positions of walls from the project of the coupled system “high-rise building - foundation” within ANSYS Mechanical software and their verification, numerical approach to structural analysis and corresponding solvers. Finite element models include mainly 4-node structural shell elements (suitable for analyzing foundation slabs, floor slabs and load-bearing walls and three-dimensional 2-node beam elements (suitable for analyzing beams and columns, special spring-damper elements and multipoint constraint elements. Detailed finite element mesh on the bottom foundation slab is agreed with the location of piles. The advanced model of Prof. Yu.K. Zaretsky is used for approximation of soil behavior. Construction sequence and various types of nonlinearities are taken into account. The results of modal analysis, static and dynamic analysis with various load combinations (gravity load, facade load, dead (constant loads, temporary loads, wind load, snow load, crown load etc. are considered, the results of the regulatory assessment of the strength of structures (obtained with the use of corresponding software in accordance with design codes of the Russian Federation are under consideration as well. The corresponding displacements, stresses, natural vibration frequencies can be used for research and development of the correct monitoring

  14. Situational analysis as a tool for environmental impact assessment. The case of the Brazilian alcohol fuel program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lehtonen, M. [Univ. of Helsinki, Dept. of Limnology and Environmental Proctection (Finland)

    1994-11-01

    Situational analysis (SA) is a scheme for environmental planning and analysis which shares the premises of disaggregative evaluation methods. It starts from the assumption that the goal of planning and analysis is not to produce forecasts and prepare for the future, but to act in order to achieve the desired future. SA also stresses the importance of interdisciplinarity and citizen participation, which it sees as best served through the use of disaggregative evaluation methods. The most unique components of SA are the function-goal analysis (FGA) used for comparing the impacts of the alternatives and the power analysis, aimed at revealing the power structures that affect the choice of the alternative. SA was applied to the evaluation of the Brazilian alcohol fuel program, Proalcool, launched in 1975. The objectives were to analyse the impacts of the different alternatives of Proalcool especially in the northeastern state of Pernambuco and consider the political possibilities of implementing these alternative policies. On the basis of interviews with the participants relevant to Proalcool four different lines of action were outlined for the future of the program. The alternatives were compared with each other by means of function-goal analysis, dealing with the impacts in their characteristic form, without trying to press them into commensurate terms. A power analysis, applying a center-periphery approach, was carried out both at the level of the sugar and alcohol sector of Pernambuco and the entire planning and decision-making structure of Proalcool. The main merit of situational analysis its capacity to promote understanding between individuals having widely contrasting world-views by offering a broad, interdisciplinary framework of analysis as a basis for discussion and decision-making. The shortcomings of SA are related with the problems of condensing and illustrating the information and distinguishing the relevant information from the irrelevant. (au) 50 refs.

  15. Situated knowledge of pathogenic landscapes in Ghana: Understanding the emergence of Buruli ulcer through qualitative analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tschakert, Petra; Ricciardi, Vincent; Smithwick, Erica; Machado, Mario; Ferring, David; Hausermann, Heidi; Bug, Leah

    2016-02-01

    Successfully addressing neglected tropical diseases requires nuanced understandings of pathogenic landscapes that incorporate situated, contexualized community knowledge. In the case of Buruli ulcer (BU), the role of social science is vital to investigate complex human-environment interactions and navigate different ways of knowing. We analyze a set of qualitative data from our interdisciplinary project on BU in Ghana, drawing from participatory mapping, focus group discussions, semi-structured interviews, and open-ended survey questions to explore how people in endemic and non-endemic areas see themselves embedded in changing environmental and social landscapes. We pay particular attention to landscape disturbance through logging and small-scale alluvial gold mining. The results from our participatory research underscore the holistic nature of BU emergence in landscapes, encapsulated in partial and incomplete local descriptions, the relevance of collective learning to distill complexity, and the potential of rich qualitative data to inform quantitative landscape-disease models.

  16. Analysis on Present Situation and Countermeasures of Rural Ecotourism in Jiangsu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Haiqin; WANG; Yongxiang; GUAN; Zichen; WANG

    2013-01-01

    This article briefly outlines the concept, present situation and form of rural ecotourism. It also preliminarily analyses the existing problems of rural ecotourism. Then countermeasures and suggestions related to the further development of rural ecotourism and promotion of new countryside construction are put forward, which can be summarized as follows: carrying out multichannel financing, in order to strengthen the development dynamics of rural ecotourism; focusing on cultivation of ecological quality consciousness, in order to enhance the protection of resources and the environment; innovating development ideas, in order to create muti-function areas; intensifying the efforts on the training for employee, in order to upgrade comprehensive service level; promoting community participation and intensifying the efforts on the training for farmer, in order to raise farmer’s consciousness about development of ecotourism; strengthening the fusion of ecology and culture.

  17. Analysis on Current Situations of Endangered P.intermedius S.Y.Chen

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    We carried out a general survey of current situations of P.intermedius S.Y.Chen.Results show that P.intermedius S.Y.Chen is distributed in Dongkeng Township,Jingnan Township and Yanxi Township.It covers an area of 262.51 hm2.The distribution areas are narrow and limited.What’s worse,it suffers from serious destruction and has been withered in large areas.Besides,according to current introduction test,it is difficult to survive in other places.In accordance with Exploring the Criteria for Endangered Categories of Bamboo Species from China put forward by Ma Naixun et al from the Research Institute of Subtropical Forestry of Chinese Academy of Forestry(RISFCAF),we propose incorporating P.intermedius S.Y.Chen into vulnerable species for protection.

  18. Informing comprehensive HIV prevention: a situational analysis of the HIV prevention and care context, North West Province South Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lippman, Sheri A; Treves-Kagan, Sarah; Gilvydis, Jennifer M; Naidoo, Evasen; Khumalo-Sakutukwa, Gertrude; Darbes, Lynae; Raphela, Elsie; Ntswane, Lebogang; Barnhart, Scott

    2014-01-01

    Building a successful combination prevention program requires understanding the community's local epidemiological profile, the social community norms that shape vulnerability to HIV and access to care, and the available community resources. We carried out a situational analysis in order to shape a comprehensive HIV prevention program that address local barriers to care at multiple contextual levels in the North West Province of South Africa. The situational analysis was conducted in two sub-districts in 2012 and guided by an adaptation of WHO's Strategic Approach, a predominantly qualitative method, including observation of service delivery points and in-depth interviews and focus groups with local leaders, providers, and community members, in order to recommend context-specific HIV prevention strategies. Analysis began during fieldwork with nightly discussions of findings and continued with coding original textual data from the fieldwork notebooks and a select number of recorded interviews. We conducted over 200 individual and group interviews and gleaned four principal social barriers to HIV prevention and care, including: HIV fatalism, traditional gender norms, HIV-related stigma, and challenges with communication around HIV, all of which fuel the HIV epidemic. At the different levels of response needed to stem the epidemic, we found evidence of national policies and programs that are mitigating the social risk factors but little community-based responses that address social risk factors to HIV. Understanding social and structural barriers to care helped shape our comprehensive HIV prevention program, which address the four 'themes' identified into each component of the program. Activities are underway to engage communities, offer community-based testing in high transmission areas, community stigma reduction, and a positive health, dignity and prevention program for stigma reduction and improve communication skills. The situational analysis process successfully

  19. 大学生道德现状分析与对策%University Students' Moral Situation Analysis and Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周孝进

    2012-01-01

    当代大学生成长于社会变革期,其道德现状呈现出鲜明的时代特色:自我意识强烈,道德选择易以个体为中心;趋向实际,功利化、多元化色彩浓厚;道德认知和道德实践脱节。这需要我们在当下的大学生思想道德教育中,正视个体差异,直面社会现实,注重知行合一。%Crowing up in the changing society, contemporary University students' moral situation present distmct times characteristics as follows : strong self consciousness makes their moral choice apt to selfcenteredness, incline to actuality, appears utilitarian and diversity tendency, and their diversified moral cognition and moral practice come apart. In college students' ideological and moral education, we need to face the individual differences and so- cial reality, and pay more attention to the unity of knowledge and action.

  20. Leucoplasia oral: Conceptos actuales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Escribano-Bermejo

    Full Text Available La leucoplasia es la lesión premaligna más frecuente de la cavidad oral. La Organización Mundial de la Salud la define clínicamente como una lesión predominantemente blanca de la mucosa oral que no puede caracterizarse como ninguna otra lesión conocida y con una elevada tendencia a convertirse en un cáncer oral. El objetivo de esta revisión es hacer un repaso al conocimiento actual acerca de la leucoplasia oral prestando especial atención a su nomenclatura, su etiología, su potencial maligno y su tratamiento.

  1. The Effect of Situated Learning on Knowledge Transfer of Students with and without Disabilities in Inclusive Classrooms: A Meta-Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Jiyoung

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this meta-analysis was to examine the effect of situated learning on the academic performance of students with and without disabilities in inclusive general education classrooms. While previous research has reported the overall effectiveness of situated learning, relatively few studies have been conducted to investigate how situated…

  2. Situational Analysis of Human Resources in Family Physician Program: Survey from Iran

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalhor, Rohollah; Azmal, Mohammad; Kiaei, Mohammad Zakaria; Eslamian, Maryam; Tabatabaee, Seyed Saeed; Jafari, Mehdi

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: Family physician is the increasing efforts to promote physician and other human resources in the health care systems. Goal: Investigate Human resources situation of the family physician program in six pilot cities in Khuzestan province in the southwest of Iran. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted to examine the family physician program in 2011. In this study, 15 healthcare teams in six pilot cities in Iran were assessed. Data was compiled from family physician officer document in vice treatment of Ahwaz University of medical sciences. National instructions of family physician was used to identify current gaps. Results: The survey findings indicated that there is a doctor’s shortage about 36% in the health team that deployed in the first level of referral system. Also on the team, the 34% shortage of nurses and 60% shortages of nutrition personnel are seen. Specialists with offices in cities of second referral level, there have not welcomed the program. Conclusions: It seems that to facilitate patient access to physicians under contract with family physician program and the referral system in level two and level three, adopting arrangements to attract specialists and improving their maintenance is necessary. PMID:25126016

  3. Performance Convergence Analysis of Stock Exchanges: the Situation of the Ibovespa in the World Scenario

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Rogério Faustino Matos

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper studies the behavior of the most relevant worldwide stock exchanges indices. The semiparametric time series technique proposed by Phillips and Sul (2007 is used to a panel containing 36 stock exchanges allocated in economies with different development levels situated on all continents, during the period from January 1998 to December 2007. According to the results, there is no common trend, corroborating Antzolautos et al. (2009. The traditional São Paulo Stock Exchange Index (Ibovespa is the oldest one of the group with the highest level of the trend for the dynamic transition, which is comprised by volatile indices of stock exchanges with a reasonable level of maturity, located in developing economies with high rates of inflation in Central and Latin America. The second club comprises most of the indices, characterized by a higher level of maturity and tradition of financial markets and development, located mainly in Europe, North America and Asia. The third club with only four indices, has no clear patterns. The evidence that the convergence clubs composition has macroeconomic, geographical and financial patterns can be a useful to infer about the post world financial crisis behavior of stock exchanges.

  4. Situation analysis of R & d activities: an empirical study in Iranian pharmaceutical companies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rasekh, Hamid Reza; Mehralian, Gholamhossein; Vatankhah-Mohammadabadi, Abbas Ali

    2012-01-01

    As global competition intensifies, research and development (R & D) organizations need to enhance their strategic management in order to become goal-directed communities for innovation and allocate their resources consistent with their overall R & D strategy. The world pharmaceutical market has undergone fast, unprecedented, tremendous and complex changes in the last several years. The pharmaceutical industry is today still one of the most inventive, innovative and lucrative of the so-called "high-tech" industries. This industry serves a dual role in modern society. On one hand, it is a growing industry, and its output makes a direct contribution to gross domestic product (GDP). On the other side, drugs, this industry's major output, are an input in the production of good health. The purpose of this study is to evaluate R & D activities of pharmaceutical companies, and also to highlight critical factors which have influential effect on results of these activities. To run this study a valid questionnaire based on literature review and experts' opinion was designed and delivered to 11 pharmaceutical companies. Empirical data show there is not acceptable situations considering of the factors that should be taken in to account by managers including; management commitment, human resource management, information technology and financial management. Furthermore, we concluded some interesting results related to different aspects of R & D management. In conclusion, managers must be aware about their performance in R & D activities, accordingly they will able to take a comprehensive policy in both national and within the company.

  5. Analysis of the surveillance situation for viral encephalitis and meningitis in Europe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donoso Mantke, O; Vaheri, A; Ambrose, H; Koopmans, M; de Ory, F; Zeller, H; Beyrer, K; Windorfer, A; Niedrig, M

    2008-01-17

    Infective processes in the brain, spinal cord and meninges are considered to be the main causes of encephalitis, myelitis and meningitis. However, most cases remain unexplained. The incidence of different viral aetiologies (zoonotic and non-zoonotic) is especially poorly estimated, due to the lack of a standard case definition and of agreed diagnostic algorithms, including harmonised diagnostic methods and sample collection. It is important to clarify the incidence of viral encephalitis/meningitis and to optimise the diagnosis of infectious neurological illness, particularly to ensure early recognition of outbreaks or emerging infectious such a West Nile encephalitis. The European Network for Diagnostics of 'Imported' Viral Diseases (ENIVD) has analysed the present surveillance situation for viral encephalitis/meningitis in Europe. Here we give an overview of the existing epidemiological sources of information in European Union (EU) Member States, mapping the laboratory capacity and identifying key requirements for a possible future surveillance study at European level. The data presented will help design a harmonised/standardised Europe-wide surveillance study investigating patients with encephalitis and/or meningitis in order to obtain more information on the role of infections in these rarely analysed syndromes, both from a clinical and an epidemiological perspective.

  6. [Recommendations for cancer prevention of World Cancer Research Fund (WCRF): situational analysis for Chile].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crovetto, Mirta; Uauy, Ricardo

    2013-05-01

    The main diet-related cancers include colorectal, lung, breast in (postmenopausal) women, stomach, esophagus, prostate and pancreas. After tobacco, obesity is the leading cause of cancer; it accounts for one third of all cancers. Cancer is associated with high total body fat, abdominal fat and weight gain in adult life. These are all potentially modifiable risk factors. Consumption of a "healthy diet" and living an "active life" can significantly reduce the risk of cancer. The aim of this study was to analyze the recommendations published by the World Cancer Research Fund (WCRF) and American Institute for Cancer Research (AICR) for the prevention of cancer in 2007. We compared the recommendations of Food, Nutrition and Physical Activity and the Prevention of Cancer: a global perspective", with the national situation in Chile, analyzing the national report on the prevalence of risk factors. Our main finding was that the pattern of consumption and lifestyles differ markedly from the WCRF recommendations: we observed an over consumption of sugary drinks and high intake of processed foods high in sodium and total fat and low consumption of legumes, vegetables, fruits high in antioxidants and fiber that protect from cancer. Chile has an increased cancer prevalence which is associated with poor quality diets, rising mean body mass index and a sedentary behavior. We recommend the strengthening programs to promote healthy diets and active living, in order to reduce cancer risk.

  7. Analysis of prestorm situations in the Florida Straight and Golubaya Bay in the Black Sea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grankov, A. G.; Marechek, S. V.; Milshin, A. A.; Novichikhin, E. P.; Shelobanova, N. K.

    2014-01-01

    We consider some peculiarities of the behavior of thermal and radio thermal (microwave radiation) characteristics of the atmosphere during prestorm situations in water areas monitored directly and remotely. The objects of research are (a) a region of the SMKF1 station (Sombrero Key) in the Florida Straight in August 2005 and (b) Golubaya Bay in the Black Sea (Gelendzhik, the territory of the Southern Branch of the Shirshov Institute of Oceanology, Russian Academy of Sciences) in September 2010, several days before an intensive storm. Using meteorological and satellite microwave radiometric data, we have studied some common and specific features in the behavior of surface air temperature and humidity, surface fluxes of sensible and latent heat, total heat and water vapor content of the atmosphere, and microwave radiation characteristics of the "water surface-atmosphere" system during time periods preceding the approach of Hurricane Katrina to the region of SMKF1 and development of the sea storm near the Golubaya Bay. In both cases the effect of the accumulation of the latent heat of water vapor in the atmosphere was observed during the prestorm periods (of several days).

  8. Using a situational judgement test for selection into dental core training: a preliminary analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rowett, E; Patterson, F; Cousans, F; Elley, K

    2017-05-12

    Objective and setting This paper describes the evaluation of a pilot situational judgement test (SJT) for selection into UK Dental Core Training (DCT). The SJT's psychometric properties, group differences based on gender and ethnicity, and candidate reactions were assessed.Methods The SJT targets four non-academic attributes important for success in DCT. Data were collected alongside live selection processes from five Health Education England local teams in the UK (N = 386). Candidates completed the pilot SJT and an evaluation questionnaire to examine their reactions to the test.Results SJT scores were relatively normally distributed and showed acceptable levels of internal reliability (α = 0.68). Difficulty level and partial correlations between scenarios and SJT total score were in the expected ranges (64.61% to 90.03% and r = 0.06 to 0.41, respectively). No group differences were found for gender, and group differences between White and BME candidates were minimal. Most candidates perceived the SJT as relevant to the target role, appropriate and fair.Conclusions This study demonstrated the potential suitability of an SJT for use in DCT selection. Future research should replicate these preliminary findings in other cohorts, and assess the predictive validity of the SJT for predicting key training and practice-based outcomes.

  9. Analysis on the reproductive health situation of unmarried floating young women in cities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Xiao-song; Zhao Geng-li; Wang Lin-hong; Wu Jiu-ling; Peter Xenos

    2006-01-01

    Objective: To understand the prevalence of RTIs/STIs, the incidence of sex violence and the KAP of the sex and reproductive health among unmarried floating young women.Methods: During Ocb.2002 to Feb.2003, in the maternal and child health hospital of Beijing, Shenzhen, Nanning and Zhengzhou, 1,219 unmarried floating young women who wanted termination of pregnancy and was under 24 years old before induced abortion received gynecological and laboratory examination. At the same time, they also answered a self-questionnaire. Results: The mean age of all respondents was (22.0±1.6) years old. The respondents' average age of having first sexual activity was (20.3±1.8) years old. The rate of induced abortion history was 38.7%. 17.5% of young women had never used contraception. The incidence of sex violence was 15.6%. The prevalence of RTIs and STIs was 56.1% and 9.7%, respectively. Young women were lack of the knowledge about reproductive health care. Conclusions: The reproductive health situation of unmarried floating young women was serious, especially on sex violence and RTIs/STIs and higher rate of induced abortion.

  10. Situating Motivation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nolen, Susan Bobbitt; Horn, Ilana Seidel; Ward, Christopher J.

    2015-01-01

    This article describes a situative approach to studying motivation to learn in social contexts. We begin by contrasting this perspective to more prevalent psychological approaches to the study of motivation, describing epistemological and methodological differences that have constrained conversation between theoretical groups. We elaborate on…

  11. Positive Analysis About Financial Performance AndEnviromental Strategys Of Banks. Romania’s Situation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Adelina Stoienescu

    Full Text Available Financial performance represents a subject for researchers especially by its determinants. The analysis of banks is not such complex as economic operators’ analysis, in the most of cases the focal point being stakeholders, regulating and monitoring activities, performance indicators and so on. By taking those researches as a base and keeping in mind the differences regarding financial analysis and its affecting agents, the objective is to investigate Romanian practices about financial performance, paying attention to its affectingagents or factors, green costs and necessary regulation changes in order to get an accurate picture.

  12. AN ANALYSIS OF FOOD SECURITY SITUATION AMONG NIGERIAN URBAN HOUSEHOLDS: EVIDENCE FROM LAGOS STATE, NIGERIA.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bolarin Titus

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper presented the food security situation among urban households in Nigeria. Primary data were used in this study and these were obtained with a structured questionnaire. The households were randomly selected from 7 locations with the number selected proportionate to the size of each location. The analytical tools used include tables, percentages and food security incidence. The food insecurity incidence for the study area is 0.49. Food insecurity incidence increases with increase in age of household heads. It is highest when household heads are within the range of 61 – 70 years at 0.58 and least within range 21 –30 years at 0.30. Food insecurity incidence is higher in femaleheaded households at 0.49 than in male-headed households at 0.38. Food insecurity incidence decreases with increase in level of education. Food insecurity incidence is relatively low for those engaged in professional occupation and highest for traders. Food insecurity incidence is highest at 0.48 and lowest at 0.33 for the traders and unemployed respectively. Food insecurity incidence increases with increase in household size. This ranges between 0.27 and 1.00 for those households made up of 1-4 and greater than 12 members respectively. There is a decline in food insecurity incidence as income increases from 0.41 for the low-income group to 0.20 for the high-income group. On the basis of dependence ratio, food insecurity incidence increases with increase in dependency ratio. This increases from 0.30 for households with no dependence to 0.50 for households with greater than 1 dependency ratio.

  13. [Intensive care nursing discharge reports in Spain: present situation and analysis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Navarro Arnedo, Jesús M; Orgiler Uranga, Pedro E; de Haro Marín, Salvador

    2005-01-01

    To determine the ICUs of Spain that fill out nursing discharge report, analyze what information they supply and know how the information on the patients is provided by the ICUs that do not use this record. Observational descriptive study. The nursing discharge reports issued by the ICUs were analyzed. For the units that did not fill them out, it was documented how they provided information on the patient to the ward. A total of 259 ICU (83%) responded and 176 (68%) filled out the nursing discharge report, which was sent with the patient's history in all the units. A total of 99% of the reports included information on the eating and elimination needs and 7% on living according to beliefs in their structure. One hundred percent requested information on the perception/control and nutritional/metabolic patterns; 1% on sexuality/reproduction. Forty three (54%) of the 79 ICU (30%) that did not fill out a nursing discharge report accompanied the patient to the ward and gave an oral report. In all, 242 ICU (93%) provided information to the ward professionals added to that contained in the clinical history. a) the nursing professionals in a significant number of intensive care units filled out a discharge report when the patient was transferred to the ward; b) assessment of basic biological aspects prevailed in these reports over psychological and socioculture aspects; c) the units that did not fill out a discharge report accompany the patient to the ward or give a report by telephone of the patient's situations to the destination ward; and d) most of the ICUs guarantee the continuity of nursing cares when the patient is discharged, either by filling out a nursing discharge report, accompanying the patient to the ward or calling by telephone to the ward's professionals.

  14. Automated information system for analysis and prediction of production situations in blast furnace plant

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lavrov, V. V.; Spirin, N. A.

    2016-09-01

    Advances in modern science and technology are inherently connected with the development, implementation, and widespread use of computer systems based on mathematical modeling. Algorithms and computer systems are gaining practical significance solving a range of process tasks in metallurgy of MES-level (Manufacturing Execution Systems - systems controlling industrial process) of modern automated information systems at the largest iron and steel enterprises in Russia. This fact determines the necessity to develop information-modeling systems based on mathematical models that will take into account the physics of the process, the basics of heat and mass exchange, the laws of energy conservation, and also the peculiarities of the impact of technological and standard characteristics of raw materials on the manufacturing process data. Special attention in this set of operations for metallurgic production is devoted to blast-furnace production, as it consumes the greatest amount of energy, up to 50% of the fuel used in ferrous metallurgy. The paper deals with the requirements, structure and architecture of BF Process Engineer's Automated Workstation (AWS), a computer decision support system of MES Level implemented in the ICS of the Blast Furnace Plant at Magnitogorsk Iron and Steel Works. It presents a brief description of main model subsystems as well as assumptions made in the process of mathematical modelling. Application of the developed system allows the engineering and process staff to analyze online production situations in the blast furnace plant, to solve a number of process tasks related to control of heat, gas dynamics and slag conditions of blast-furnace smelting as well as to calculate the optimal composition of blast-furnace slag, which eventually results in increasing technical and economic performance of blast-furnace production.

  15. Traits, States and Situations: Automatic Prediction of Personality and Situations from Actual Behavior

    OpenAIRE

    Kalimeri, Kyriaki

    2013-01-01

    Technology has a great impact on our everyday lives; computers, smart devices, sensors and digital technology in general, try to communicate with us to accomplish some task. Each step of the communication however, requires understanding of the future behavioral utterance, deciding on what is the circumstance and the social context, and finally predicting the individual’s needs. Even if computers are so deeply involved in our daily lives, they lack basic social skills that would al...

  16. Treatment of an actual slaughterhouse wastewater by integration of biological and advanced oxidation processes: Modeling, optimization, and cost-effectiveness analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bustillo-Lecompte, Ciro Fernando; Mehrvar, Mehrab

    2016-11-01

    Biological and advanced oxidation processes are combined to treat an actual slaughterhouse wastewater (SWW) by a sequence of an anaerobic baffled reactor, an aerobic activated sludge reactor, and a UV/H2O2 photoreactor with recycle in continuous mode at laboratory scale. In the first part of this study, quadratic modeling along with response surface methodology are used for the statistical analysis and optimization of the combined process. The effects of the influent total organic carbon (TOC) concentration, the flow rate, the pH, the inlet H2O2 concentration, and their interaction on the overall treatment efficiency, CH4 yield, and H2O2 residual in the effluent of the photoreactor are investigated. The models are validated at different operating conditions using experimental data. Maximum TOC and total nitrogen (TN) removals of 91.29 and 86.05%, respectively, maximum CH4 yield of 55.72%, and minimum H2O2 residual of 1.45% in the photoreactor effluent were found at optimal operating conditions. In the second part of this study, continuous distribution kinetics is applied to establish a mathematical model for the degradation of SWW as a function of time. The agreement between model predictions and experimental values indicates that the proposed model could describe the performance of the combined anaerobic-aerobic-UV/H2O2 processes for the treatment of SWW. In the final part of the study, the optimized combined anaerobic-aerobic-UV/H2O2 processes with recycle were evaluated using a cost-effectiveness analysis to minimize the retention time, the electrical energy consumption, and the overall incurred treatment costs required for the efficient treatment of slaughterhouse wastewater effluents.

  17. Situative Creativity

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Creativity is crucial for the success of any company. IT support has been shown to foster creative processes, but still disregards characteristics that are typical for creative situations, such as the need for social, intuitive and face-to-face interaction. This thesis investigates requirements via interviews and explores and evaluates a novel concept for IT driven creativity support, based on a multi-touch tabletop display and coupled private mobile devices. Obwohl der Einsatz von IT erf...

  18. Analysis on development situation and tendency of international Qinghai-Tibet Plateau studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, X.

    2015-12-01

    Qinghai-Tibet Plateau is one of the hotspots of the international earth science studies. The relative research papers have proliferated especially since 21st century. By using the the latest bibliometric indicators, the statistical analysis of the quantities and qualities was carried out for the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau literature indexed by SCIE during 1900 and 2012. It focused on the published years, journals, countries, cities, research institutes, international cooperation, and subjects. Some statistical results were displayed and deeply analyzed by using the tools of mapping knowledge domain (MKD) and geographic information system (GIS). The results of the Bibliometric analysis indicate that the publication and citation of QTP researches have a jump after entering the 21st century. China, USA, India, Canada and France are the main coutries engaged in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau studies. Knowledge mapping results show that USA, UK and France have longer academic influential power of QTP researches, which indicates that these countries begin to study QTP early and the papers have longer permanent impacts. On the other hand, China, India and Japan have higher academic influential power in recent years, which indicate that these countries have more publications and higher impacts recently. The disciplines of QTP researches mainly focus on the geology, geochemistry &geophysics, environmental sciences &ecology, and so on. The spatial analysis indicates that the differences of the disciplines are emphasized by different countries. The above analysis results is hoped to integrate the new knowledge and reveal the development tendency of the QTP researches.

  19. Experiential and Cooperative Learning: Using a Situation Analysis Project in Principles of Marketing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Munoz, Caroline; Huser, Ann

    2008-01-01

    In this article, the authors propose a semester-long experiential-learning project for introductory marketing students. The project requires an analysis of a product category, competition, and consumer base to support a new product proposal. The purpose is to (a) put into practice the concepts and definitions taught in an introductory marketing…

  20. Manipulatives and Problem Situations as Escalators for Students' Geometric Understanding: A Semiotic Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daher, Wajeeh M.

    2014-01-01

    Mathematical learning and teaching are increasingly seen as a multimodal experience involved in cultural and social semiotic registers and means, and as such social-cultural semiotic analysis is expected to shed light on learning and teaching processes occurring in the mathematics classroom. In this research, three social-cultural semiotic…

  1. Experiential and Cooperative Learning: Using a Situation Analysis Project in Principles of Marketing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Munoz, Caroline; Huser, Ann

    2008-01-01

    In this article, the authors propose a semester-long experiential-learning project for introductory marketing students. The project requires an analysis of a product category, competition, and consumer base to support a new product proposal. The purpose is to (a) put into practice the concepts and definitions taught in an introductory marketing…

  2. Architecture-led Requirements and Safety Analysis of an Aircraft Survivability Situational Awareness System

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-05-01

    system as well as UML models made available to suppliers of a data correlation and fusion system. This analysis identified shortcomings in the...Figure 5 shows, the model included end- to-end flow specifications of a critical flow to represent response time requirements. It also captures a UML

  3. Probabilistic aspects of analysis and information operation of the system in situations of conflict

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. V. Gluschenko

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The problems of research of the parameters interaction structure and the conflict formation are considered in the stochastic systems by the general system theory. The mathematical aspects of relations conflict, promotion and indifference are analyzed. We consider the information approach for the analysis of the conflict.

  4. An analysis of the timber situation in the United States: 1989-2040

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richard W. Haynes

    1990-01-01

    The Forest and Rangeland Renewable Resources Planning Act of 1974 (RPA), P.L. 93-378, 88 Star. 475, as amended, directed the Secretary of Agriculture to prepare a Renewable Resources Assessment by December 31, 1975, with an update in 1979 and each 10th year thereafter. This Asessment is to include "an analysis of present and anticipated uses, demand for, and...

  5. [Epidemiologic studies on nutrition role in develomeat of osteoarthrosis. Report 1. Analysis of actual intake of nutrients and energy in depend on financial position and in come patients osteoarthrosis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khodyrev, V N; Martinchik, A N

    2010-01-01

    The study gives the characteristic of the social situation of patients with osteoarthrosis (OA), among which is dominated by people with disabilities and senior citizens (60%), most of which belongs to the poor. The actual nutrition of patients with OA is characterized by low energy intake and macronutrients. Feeding low-income patients with OA was characterized by inadequate intake of ascorbic acid and calcium, whereas the intake of vitamin A, E and beta-carotene was higher in patients with OA compared with the control group.

  6. Tornado occurrence nearby Valjevo on 27 may 2014: Analysis of weather situation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihajlović Jovan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This study shows the case of a tornado on 27 May 2014 in the vicinity of Valjevo. According to its characteristics and considering that this is a mesocyclonic severe weather event, accompanied with heavy rain, violent wind, hail and thunderstorm, it belongs to extraordinary dangerous meteorological events. The aim of this study is to determine and examine the cause of tornado occurrence in this area using the methods of synoptic and mesoscale analysis, as well as radar analysis. That could contribute to better understanding of this phenomenon in Serbia as well as to improving the forecast methods and models. Contrary to the previous researches, the capacities of the meteorological radar MRL - 5 have been presented in this study.

  7. Analysis of a support group for children of parents with mental illnesses: managing stressful situations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gladstone, Brenda M; McKeever, Patricia; Seeman, Mary; Boydell, Katherine M

    2014-09-01

    We report an ethnographic analysis of a psycho-education and peer-support program for school-aged children of parents with mental illnesses. We conducted a critical discourse analysis of the program manual and observed group interactions to understand whether children shared program goals predetermined by adults, and how, or if, the intervention was responsive to their needs. Children were expected to learn mental illness information because "knowledge is power," and to express difficult feelings about being a child of a mentally ill parent that was risky. Participants used humor to manage group expectations, revealing how they made sense of their parents' problems, as well as their own. Suggestions are made for determining good mental health literacy based on children's preferences for explaining circumstances in ways they find relevant, and for supporting children's competencies to manage relationships that are important to them. © The Author(s) 2014.

  8. CRIMES AGAINST FAMILY AND MINORS: ANALYSIS OF TYPICAL INVESTIGATIVE SITUATIONS OF THE INITIAL STAGE OF THE INVESTIGATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kuyemzhiyeva S. A.

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The article describes typical investigatory situations on initial stage of the investigation, we have given the peculiarities of the situations in crimes against the family and the structure of the investigative action on each of them

  9. Epidemiological situation of toxocariasis in Iran: meta-analysis and systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdi, Jahangir; Darabi, Maryam; Sayehmiri, Kouresh

    2012-11-15

    Toxocariasis is the clinical terms applied to infection of human with ascarid nematodes in the order Ascaridida, named toxocara canis and toxocara cati. It is transmitted from dog and cat to humans. Accidental ingestion of parasite eggs causes ocular and visceral larva migrans in human. The aim of this study is to study epidemiology of toxocariasis in Iran using meta-analysis and systematic review. Using main key words of toxocariasis including epidemiology, Toxocara spp. Iran, dog and cat in databases such as SID, Google scholar, Pubmed, Magiran and Iranmedex, a number of 50 articles was extracted. A number of 27 articles of them were eligible for meta-analysis. Data extracted from articles and archived in excel software for analysis. Variance of each study obtained using binomial distribution. Heterogeny of studies surveyed using Cochrans Q test. Data analyzed using Random Effect Model test. Overall prevalence of toxocariasis obtained 21.6% in Iran. In total of 27 articles, 6911 samples including 1543 carnivores, (13 articles), 4569 human sera (10 articles) and 799 soil samples (4 articles) has been investigated. Seropositivity for human toxocariasis 15.8% (95%CI, 9.2-22.5), soil contamination for Txocara spp. eggs 21.6% (95%CI,-1.6-44.8) and dogs and cats infections with adult worm 26.8% (95%CI, 18.7-36.8) was obtained. Results of this study show that prevalence of toxocariasis has a growing trend in Iran. It could be decreased using education, culture making and giving information to people.

  10. Used battery collection in central Mexico: metal content, legislative/management situation and statistical analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guevara-García, José Antonio; Montiel-Corona, Virginia

    2012-03-01

    A statistical analysis of a used battery collection campaign in the state of Tlaxcala, Mexico, is presented. This included a study of the metal composition of spent batteries from formal and informal markets, and a critical discussion about the management of spent batteries in Mexico with respect to legislation. A six-month collection campaign was statistically analyzed: 77% of the battery types were "AA" and 30% of the batteries were from the informal market. A substantial percentage (36%) of batteries had residual voltage in the range 1.2-1.4 V, and 70% had more than 1.0 V; this may reflect underutilization. Metal content analysis and recovery experiments were performed with the five formal and four more frequent informal trademarks. The analysis of Hg, Cd and Pb showed there is no significant difference in content between formal and informal commercialized batteries. All of the analyzed trademarks were under the permissible limit levels of the proposed Mexican Official Norm (NOM) NMX-AA-104-SCFI-2006 and would be classified as not dangerous residues (can be thrown to the domestic rubbish); however, compared with the EU directive 2006/66/EC, 8 out of 9 of the selected battery trademarks would be rejected, since the Mexican Norm content limit is 20, 7.5 and 5 fold higher in Hg, Cd and Pb, respectively, than the EU directive. These results outline the necessity for better regulatory criteria in the proposed Mexican NOM in order to minimize the impact on human health and the environment of this type of residues. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  11. [Analysis on Regional Characteristics of Air Quality Index and Weather Situation in Beijing and Its Surrounding Cities During the APEC].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Qing-xian; Lu, Jun-rong; Wang, Ning; Li, Wen-tao; Gao, Wen-kang; Su, Bu-da

    2015-11-01

    Analysis on the revolution and regional characteristics of air quality by hourly monitored readings from 1 to 15 November 2014 released by Environmental Monitoring Station of China and research of the impacts of weather situation and meteorological elements released by China Meteorological Administration towards air quality of Beijing and its surrounding cities during the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) indicated that: (1) The air quality was good because of the implementation of mitigation measures, while the Air Quality Index (AQI) increased along with the termination of mitigation measures. Thus it can be seen that mitigation measures made a great contribution to the improvement of air quality of Beijing and its surrounding cities. (2) Affected by thermal inversion layer, AQI of Beijing and its surrounding cities increased quickly during the initial of the implemental of reducing measures which proved that pollutants would accumulate in the context of unfavourable weather, hence the influence of weather situation towards air quality could not be ignored. (3) Although affected by thermal inversion layer, the concentration of pollutants of Beijing was not accumulated to a high degree at the end period of reducing measures, while Tianjin, Tangshan, Baoding and Xingtai suffered from moderate and severe pollution at the same time which further illustrated that the implementation of mitigation measures have made a great contribution to the improvement of air quality in Beijing during APEC.

  12. Deep situationality

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Matejskova, Tatiana

    2014-01-01

    This article seeks to extend scholarship rethinking insiderness in qualitative research through an examination of the shifting terrain of the constitution of insides in an ethnographic research on everyday politics of integration and belonging in eastern Berlin. I reflect here on my experiences...... as a Slovak national with immigration experi- ence, a nominal outsider to both the country of research, Germany, and its immigrant subjects, the post-Soviet Russian-speaking migrants. Focusing on the production of time-spaces of proximity as a deeply situational process, I stress in particular the un...

  13. Sex Offending and Situational Motivation: Findings From a Qualitative Analysis of Desistance From Sexual Offending.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farmer, Mark; McAlinden, Anne-Marie; Maruna, Shadd

    2016-09-25

    Sex offending is typically understood from a pathology perspective with the origin of the behavior thought to be within the offending individual. Such a perspective may not be beneficial for those seeking to desist from sexual offending and reintegrate into mainstream society. A thematic analysis of 32 self-narratives of men convicted of sexual offences against children suggests that such individuals typically explain their pasts utilizing a script consistent with routine activity theory, emphasizing the role of circumstantial changes in both the onset of and desistance from sexual offending. It is argued that the self-framing of serious offending in this way might be understood as a form of "shame management," a protective cognition that enables desistance by shielding individuals from internalizing stigma for past violence. © The Author(s) 2016.

  14. Mapping the history and current situation of research on John Cunningham virus – a bibliometric analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guan Yi-fu

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background John Cunningham virus (JCV constitutes a family of polyoma viruses, which plays important roles in the progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML and tumorigenesis. However, no bibliometric investigation has been reported to guide the researchers and potential readers. Methods Papers were collected from database Sci-expanded and Pubmed until May 22, 2008. The highly-productive authors, institutes and countries, highly-cited authors and journals were ranked. The highly-cited articles were subjected to co-citation and chronological analysis with highly-frequent MeSH words for co-occurrence analysis. Results Until now, 1785 articles about JCV were indexed in Sci-expanded and 1506 in Pubmed. The main document type was original article. USA, Japan and Italy were the largest three producers about JCV. Temple University published 128 papers and ranked the top, followed by University of Tokyo. Khalili K and Yogo Y became the core authors due to more than 20 documents produced. Journal of Neurovirology published more than 15 papers and ranked the top. Padgett BL and Berger JR were the first two highly-cited authors. Journal of Virology and Journal of Neurovirology respectively ranked to the first two highly-cited journals. These top highly-cited articles were divided into 5 aspects: (1 The correlation between JC virus and tumors; (2 Causal correlation of JCV with PML; (3 Polyoma virus infection and its related diseases in renal-allograft recipients; (4 Detection of JCV antibody, oncogene and its encoding protein; (5 Genetics and molecular biology of JCV. The MeSH/subheadings were classified into five groups: (1 JCV and virus infectious diseases; (2 JCV pathogenicity and pathological appearance of PML; (3 JCV isolation and detection; (4 Immunology of JCV and PML; (5 JCV genetics and tumors. Conclusion JCV investigation mainly focused on its isolation and detection, as well as its correlation with PML and tumors. Establishment of

  15. The current situation of inorganic elements in marine turtles: A general review and meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cortés-Gómez, Adriana A; Romero, Diego; Girondot, Marc

    2017-10-01

    Inorganic elements (Pb, Cd, Hg, Al, As, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Se and Zn) are present globally in aquatic systems and their potential transfer to marine turtles can be a serious threat to their health status. The environmental fate of these contaminants may be traced by the analysis of turtle tissues. Loggerhead turtles (Caretta caretta) are the most frequently investigated of all the sea turtle species with regards to inorganic elements, followed by Green turtles (Chelonia mydas); all the other species have considerably fewer studies. Literature shows that blood, liver, kidney and muscle are the tissues most frequently used for the quantification of inorganic elements, with Pb, Cd, Cu and Zn being the most studied elements. Chelonia mydas showed the highest concentrations of Cr in muscle (4.8 ± 0.12), Cu in liver (37 ± 7) and Mg in kidney (17 μg g(-1) ww), Cr and Cu from the Gulf of Mexico and Mg from Japanese coasts; Lepidochelys olivacea presented the highest concentrations of Pb in blood (4.46 5) and Cd in kidney (150 ± 110 μg g(-1) ww), both from the Mexican Pacific; Caretta caretta from the Mediterranean Egyptian coast had the highest report of Hg in blood (0.66 ± 0.13 μg g(-1) ww); and Eretmochelys imbricata from Japan had the highest concentration of As in muscle (30 ± 13 13 μg g(-1) ww). The meta-analysis allows us to examine some features that were not visible when data was analyzed alone. For instance, Leatherbacks show a unique pattern of concentration compared to other species. Additionally, contamination of different tissues shows some tendencies independent of the species with liver and kidney on one side and bone on the other being different from other tissues. This review provides a general perspective on the accumulation and distribution of these inorganic elements alongside existing information for the 7 sea turtle species. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  16. Epidemiological situation and genetic analysis of H7N9 influenza viruses in Shanghai in 2013.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ge, Fei-Fei; Ju, Hou-Bin; Yang, De-Quan; Liu, Jian; Wang, Jian; Lu, Jun; Li, Xin; Zhang, Wei-Yi; Liu, Pei-Hong; Zhou, Jin-Ping

    2014-11-01

    The first reported human case of H7N9 influenza virus infection in Shanghai prompted a survey of local avian strains of influenza virus, involving the analysis of a large number of samples taken from poultry, wild birds, horses, pigs, dogs and mice. Seven instances of H7N9 virus infection were identified by real-time RT-PCR (1.47 % of samples), all in chickens sold in live-poultry markets. H7N9 antibody was not detected in serum samples collected from local poultry farms since 2006. The two H7N9 virus strains in the live-poultry markets and one H9N2 virus strain in the same market were genetically characterized. Resequencing of two of the seven isolates confirmed that they closely resembled H7N9 virus strains characterized elsewhere. Various strains co-exist in the same market, presenting a continuing risk of strain re-assortment. The closure of live-poultry markets has been an effective short-term means of minimizing human exposure to H7N9 virus.

  17. Present Situation and Benefit Analysis of the Straw Recycling in Southwest China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Currently,sustainable agricultural development in China is facing some big challenges of how to promote the present developing pattern,to lengthen material transformation chain,to increase the utilization rate of material and energy in agricultural system and to form a healthy agricultural ecological circulation system.China is a major country producing crops and straws.Both high-efficient utilizing pattern of straw and technological system are needed urgently.According to the field survey,we point out the status of straw utilization and the main recycling pattern in typical farming areas in Sichuan,China through the literature review and data collection.Based on the statistical analysis,the economic,environmental and social benefits of each utilization way are analyzed,and the methods and measures are proposed in order to promote recycling utilization of the straw in Sichuan farming area,and to offer theoretical guidance for energy saving,food safety,and pollution control.

  18. Analysis of current situation and perspective of digital preservation in the Social Science Data Archives (ADP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irena Vipavc Brvar

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Social science data archives have begun to evolve in 1960’s, thus being one of the pioneers of digital preservation. The Slovenian Data Archive (ADP follows and adjusts best practices that have emerged in this specific field. Its tasks comprise acquisition,processing and long term preservation of valuable primary research data, as well as providing accessibility to the content for users. As in other areas of digital preservation much attention is paid to meeting the requirements of long term preservation as specified in the OAIS (Opean Archival Information System standard, and the use of technological solutions, proposed metadata standards, strategies and policies, and best practices. The purpose of this paper is to present procedures in ADP, to compare them with selected solutions of organizations with the similar mission, and to suggest improvements.Examples are taken from partner organizations within the CESSDA data archives association. These organizations (especially those from the USA, Great Britain and the Netherlands have developed solutions in the field of digital preservation to the highest degree. The paper also reflects on agreed guidelines of reliable services for the archives of research data, which arose in the frame of the FP7 project with the same title (i.e. CESSDA PPP. The results of analysis are useful for all are seeking practical solutions to similar problems.

  19. Frequency and Type of Situational Awareness Errors Contributing to Death and Brain Damage: A Closed Claims Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schulz, Christian M; Burden, Amanda; Posner, Karen L; Mincer, Shawn L; Steadman, Randolph; Wagner, Klaus J; Domino, Karen B

    2017-08-01

    Situational awareness errors may play an important role in the genesis of patient harm. The authors examined closed anesthesia malpractice claims for death or brain damage to determine the frequency and type of situational awareness errors. Surgical and procedural anesthesia death and brain damage claims in the Anesthesia Closed Claims Project database were analyzed. Situational awareness error was defined as failure to perceive relevant clinical information, failure to comprehend the meaning of available information, or failure to project, anticipate, or plan. Patient and case characteristics, primary damaging events, and anesthesia payments in claims with situational awareness errors were compared to other death and brain damage claims from 2002 to 2013. Anesthesiologist situational awareness errors contributed to death or brain damage in 198 of 266 claims (74%). Respiratory system damaging events were more common in claims with situational awareness errors (56%) than other claims (21%, P situational awareness error claims compared to 46% in other claims (P = 0.001), with no significant difference in payment size. Among 198 claims with anesthesia situational awareness error, perception errors were most common (42%), whereas comprehension errors (29%) and projection errors (29%) were relatively less common. Situational awareness error definitions were operationalized for reliable application to real-world anesthesia cases. Situational awareness errors may have contributed to catastrophic outcomes in three quarters of recent anesthesia malpractice claims.Situational awareness errors resulting in death or brain damage remain prevalent causes of malpractice claims in the 21st century.

  20. Preliminary Analysis of Clinical Situations Involved in Quantification of Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound in Crohn's Disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, Wenjie; Gao, Xiang; Wang, Weili; Zhi, Min; Tang, Jian; Wen, Yan-Ling; Yu, Junli; Chen, Yao; Liu, Xiaoyin; Yang, Chuan; Hu, Pinjin; Liu, Guangjian

    2016-08-01

    To assess influencing factors for quantitative analysis of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in Crohn's disease (CD), dynamic CEUS examinations from 77 consecutive CD patients were recorded. Peak intensity (PI) values were calculated using the pre-installed quantification software of the ultrasound scanner. The influence of depth, pressure from the ultrasound probe and intraluminal gas was analyzed. The PI value of the anterior wall was lower than that of the posterior wall when the depth was ≤3.4 cm (17.9 dB vs. 21.3 dB; p pressure was exerted (19.1 dB vs. 22.5 dB; p 3.4 cm (19.8 dB vs. 20.3 dB), moderate pressure was exerted (20.5 dB vs. 21.1 dB) or luminal gas was excluded between the two bowel walls (18.9 dB vs. 21.2 dB; p ≥ 0.05). The factors of depth, pressure from the ultrasound probe and intraluminal gas can affect the quantification results of CEUS. It is preferable to place the region of interest in the posterior wall when luminal gas is absent and in the anterior wall when luminal gas is present. In the latter case, more attention should be paid to reducing pressure by the ultrasound probe.

  1. Designers' and users' roles in participatory design: What is actually co-designed by participants?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barcellini, Flore; Prost, Lorène; Cerf, Marianne

    2015-09-01

    This research deals with an analysis of forms of participation in a participatory design (PD) process of a software that assesses the sustainability of agricultural cropping systems. We explore the actual forms of participation of designers and users by adapting an Actual Role Analysis in Design approach (Barcellini et al., 2013) to capture the levels of abstraction (conceptual, functional and operational) of participants' discussions. We show that: (1) the process does not only concern the design of the artifact itself, but also the design of the concept of sustainability; (2) all participants (users & designers) have a role in co-designing the concept (in our case, sustainability); (3) some roles and profiles are key to this co-design. We discuss our contributions to both the research and the practices of participatory design. These contributions deal with the production of a method and related knowledge about actual activities in participatory design situations. They may support the development of relevant training programs regarding participatory situations, or be reflexive activities that can help those who are involved in designing and leading in participatory situations, to make improvements. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd and The Ergonomics Society. All rights reserved.

  2. 唐山市高校体育教师自我实现与发展满意度分析%The Analysis of Gym Teachers' Self-actualization and Self-Development Satisfaction in Tangshan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈黎明; 闫田

    2012-01-01

    This thesis takes college teachers' self-actualization and self-development satisfaction as the target,to carry investigation and research of gym teachers' self-actualization and self-development satisfaction.By this way the college gym teachers' self-actualization and self-development satisfaction situation in Tangshan will be learnt and some reference for the gym teacher body's building and management can be obtained.%以高校教师在工作中自我实现与发展满意度因素为指标,对唐山市高校体育教师这一特殊群体进行自我实现与发展因素的满意度调查研究,了解唐山高校体育教师对工作中自我实现与发展因素的满意度状况,以期对高校体育教师队伍的建设和科学的管理提供一些参考。

  3. Maternal mental health in primary care in five low- and middle-income countries: a situational analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baron, Emily C; Hanlon, Charlotte; Mall, Sumaya; Honikman, Simone; Breuer, Erica; Kathree, Tasneem; Luitel, Nagendra P; Nakku, Juliet; Lund, Crick; Medhin, Girmay; Patel, Vikram; Petersen, Inge; Shrivastava, Sanjay; Tomlinson, Mark

    2016-02-16

    The integration of maternal mental health into primary health care has been advocated to reduce the mental health treatment gap in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). This study reports findings of a cross-country situation analysis on maternal mental health and services available in five LMICs, to inform the development of integrated maternal mental health services integrated into primary health care. The situation analysis was conducted in five districts in Ethiopia, India, Nepal, South Africa and Uganda, as part of the Programme for Improving Mental Health Care (PRIME). The analysis reports secondary data on the prevalence and impact of priority maternal mental disorders (perinatal depression, alcohol use disorders during pregnancy and puerperal psychosis), existing policies, plans and services for maternal mental health, and other relevant contextual factors, such as explanatory models for mental illness. Limited data were available at the district level, although generalizable data from other sites was identified in most cases. Community and facility-based prevalences ranged widely across PRIME countries for perinatal depression (3-50 %) and alcohol consumption during pregnancy (5-51 %). Maternal mental health was included in mental health policies in South Africa, India and Ethiopia, and a mental health care plan was in the process of being implemented in South Africa. No district reported dedicated maternal mental health services, but referrals to specialised care in psychiatric units or general hospitals were possible. No information was available on coverage for maternal mental health care. Challenges to the provision of maternal mental health care included; limited evidence on feasible detection and treatment strategies for maternal mental disorders, lack of mental health specialists in the public health sector, lack of prescribing guidelines for pregnant and breastfeeding women, and stigmatising attitudes among primary health care staff and the

  4. Situating Transnational Genre Knowledge: A Genre Trajectory Analysis of One Student's Personal and Academic Writing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rounsaville, Angela

    2014-01-01

    Scholars have recently begun to conceive of literacy practices as drawing from resources that are simultaneously situated and extracontextual. In particular, studies of transnational literacy affirm the importance of both locality and movement in literacy studies. Continuing this inquiry into the situated and dispersed nature of transnational…

  5. Planning for district mental health services in South Africa: a situational analysis of a rural district site.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petersen, Inge; Bhana, Arvin; Campbell-Hall, Victoria; Mjadu, Sithembile; Lund, Crick; Kleintjies, Sharon; Hosegood, Victoria; Flisher, Alan J

    2009-03-01

    The shift in emphasis to universal primary health care in post-apartheid South Africa has been accompanied by a process of decentralization of mental health services to district level, as set out in the new Mental Health Care Act, no. 17, of 2002 and the 1997 White Paper on the Transformation of the Health System. This study sought to assess progress in South Africa with respect to deinstitutionalization and the integration of mental health into primary health care, with a view to understanding the resource implications of these processes at district level. A situational analysis in one district site, typical of rural areas in South Africa, was conducted, based on qualitative interviews with key stakeholders and the World Health Organization's Assessment Instrument for Mental Health Systems (WHO-AIMS). The findings suggest that the decentralization process remains largely limited to emergency management of psychiatric patients and ongoing psychopharmacological care of patients with stabilized chronic conditions. We suggest that, in a similar vein to other low- to middle-income countries, deinstitutionalization and comprehensive integrated mental health care in South Africa is hampered by a lack of resources for mental health care within the primary health care resource package, as well as the inefficient use of existing mental health resources.

  6. 锡林浩特市大气环境现状分析%Situation Analysis of Atmospheric Environment Xilinhot

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘秀芳

    2014-01-01

    当前,我国大气污染形势严峻,以可吸入颗粒物(PM10)、细颗粒物(PM2.5)为特征污染物的区域性大气环境问题日益突出,损害人民群众身体健康,影响社会和谐稳定。本文根据2013年锡林浩特市城区空气质量监测数据及环境统计数据,分析了锡林浩特市大气环境现状,大气环境污染源及行业分布情况,并提出了污染防治措施及改善空气质量建议。%At present, the air pollution situation in China is serious, the inhalable particulate matter (PM10), fine particles (PM2.5) is a regional atmospheric environmental characteristics of pollutants have become increasingly prominent, damage people's health, affect social harmony and stability. According to the city of Xilinhaote city in 2013 the air quality monitoring data and environmental data, based on the analysis of the atmospheric environment in Xilinhaote City, the atmospheric environment pollution and industrial distribution, and puts forward some measures to improve air quality and pollution prevention and control advice.

  7. Challenges and opportunities to improve autism services in low-income countries: lessons from a situational analysis in Ethiopia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tekola, B; Baheretibeb, Y; Roth, I; Tilahun, D; Fekadu, A; Hanlon, C; Hoekstra, R A

    2016-01-01

    Little has been reported about service provision for children with autism in low-income countries. This study explored the current service provision for children with autism and their families in Ethiopia, the existing challenges and urgent needs, and stakeholders' views on the best approaches to further develop services. A situational analysis was conducted based on (i) qualitative interviews with existing service providers; (ii) consultation with a wider group of stakeholders through two stakeholder workshops; and (iii) information available in the public domain. Findings were triangulated where possible. Existing diagnostic and educational services for children with autism are scarce and largely confined to Ethiopia's capital city, with little provision in rural areas. Families of children with autism experience practical and psychosocial challenges, including severe stigma. Informants further raised the lack of culturally and contextually appropriate autism instruments as an important problem to be addressed. The study informants and local stakeholders provided several approaches for future service provision expansion, including service decentralisation, mental health training and awareness raising initiatives. Services for children with autism in Ethiopia are extremely limited; appropriate care for these children is further impeded by stigma and lack of awareness. Ethiopia's plans to scale up mental healthcare integrated into primary care provide an opportunity to expand services for children with autism and other developmental disorders. These plans, together with the additional strategies outlined in this paper can help to address the current service provision gaps and may also inform service enhancement approaches in other low-income countries.

  8. A situational analysis methodology to inform comprehensive HIV prevention and treatment programming, applied in rural South Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Treves-Kagan, Sarah; Naidoo, Evasen; Gilvydis, Jennifer M; Raphela, Elsie; Barnhart, Scott; Lippman, Sheri A

    2017-09-01

    Successful HIV prevention programming requires engaging communities in the planning process and responding to the social environmental factors that shape health and behaviour in a specific local context. We conducted two community-based situational analyses to inform a large, comprehensive HIV prevention programme in two rural districts of North West Province South Africa in 2012. The methodology includes: initial partnership building, goal setting and background research; 1 week of field work; in-field and subsequent data analysis; and community dissemination and programmatic incorporation of results. We describe the methodology and a case study of the approach in rural South Africa; assess if the methodology generated data with sufficient saturation, breadth and utility for programming purposes; and evaluate if this process successfully engaged the community. Between the two sites, 87 men and 105 women consented to in-depth interviews; 17 focus groups were conducted; and 13 health facilities and 7 NGOs were assessed. The methodology succeeded in quickly collecting high-quality data relevant to tailoring a comprehensive HIV programme and created a strong foundation for community engagement and integration with local health services. This methodology can be an accessible tool in guiding community engagement and tailoring future combination HIV prevention and care programmes.

  9. Reduction of Neonatal Mortality Requires Strengthening of the Health System: A Situational Analysis of Neonatal Care Services in Ballabgarh.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gosain, Mudita; Goel, Akhil D; Kharya, Pradeep; Agarwal, Ramesh; Amarchand, Ritvik; Rai, Sanjay K; Kapoor, Suresh; Paul, Vinod K; Krishnan, Anand

    2017-01-25

    Planning a comprehensive program addressing neonatal mortality will require a detailed situational analysis of available neonatal-specific health infrastructure. We identified facilities providing essential and sick neonatal care (ENC, SNC) by a snowballing technique in Ballabgarh Block. These were assessed for infrastructure, human resource and equipment along with self-rated competency of the staff and compared with facility-based or population-based norms. A total of 35 facilities providing ENC and 10 facilities for SNC were identified. ENC services were largely in the public-sector domain (68.5% of births) and were well distributed in the block. SNC burden was largely being borne by the private sector (66% of admissions), which was urban-based. The private sector and nurses reported lower competency especially for SNC. Only 53.9% of government facilities and 17.5% of private facilities had a fully equipped newborn care corner. Serious efforts to reduce neonatal mortality would require major capacity strengthening of the health system, including that of the private sector. © The Author [2017]. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  10. Nuclear option: analysis of the actual status and future perspectives for Brazilian case; Opcao nuclear: analise da situacao atual e perspectivas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bastos, Wilma S.

    1996-12-31

    This report presents a global view of actual status and future perspectives of Brazilian nuclear option. By diversity of subjects treated in it, the difficulties are appointed at each chapter, when necessary. The strategies are focused in details in chapters 7 and 8. In chapter 10 they are emphasized in its main aspects for Brazilian case. To give an overview of the state-of-the-art related to nuclear energy, many figures and references are presented in the Annex. 104 refs., 111 figs.

  11. Analysis on the High School Mathematics Situational Teaching%关于高中数学情境教学的探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘慜玥

    2014-01-01

    The reform of mathematics teaching’s aim is to make the students to master learning methods,and interested inlearning mathematics knowledge,stimulate student’s scuriosity and enthusiasm for learning. Therefore,based on the actual situation in the high school mathematics teaching present situation,and puts forward some effective strategies of situational teaching high school mathematics,in order to achieve the ideal teaching effect.%改革数学教学的目的是为了让学生掌握学习的方法,并且对学习数学知识充满兴趣,激发学生的求知欲和学习热情。为此,立足于目前形势下高中数学教学的实际情况,提出了高中数学情境教学的有效策略,旨在实现理想的课堂教学效果。

  12. Situations of dwelling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Welling, Helen; Duelund Mortensen, Peder; Wiell Nordberg, Lene

    2006-01-01

    values and needs in differnet situations, lifestyles and stages. The study is based on information from users in new housing schemes in and around Copenhagen - 'open building' dwellings that reveal a variety of approaches to these problems? The analysis of the dwellings show that the architecture...... of the 'open dwelling' is dependent on three basic conditions: the static condition, the suitable condition and the situational condition. Each condition has its own powerful way of articulation. Our aim is to translate the observations of the projects in concepts and models that are applicable in new projects....

  13. Effect of Situational Factors on Store Format Choice Behaviour in Food and Grocery Retailing in India - A Multiple Discriminant Analysis

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Cherukuri Jayasankaraprasad

    2010-01-01

    .... The purpose of this paper is to examine the impact of situational factors such as task definition, perceived risk, physical surroundings, social surroundings and temporal aspects on retail format...

  14. The effect of communicating the genetic risk of cardiometabolic disorders on motivation and actual engagement in preventative lifestyle modification and clinical outcome: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Sherly X; Ye, Zheng; Whelan, Kevin; Truby, Helen

    2016-09-01

    Genetic risk prediction of chronic conditions including obesity, diabetes and CVD currently has limited predictive power but its potential to engage healthy behaviour change has been of immense research interest. We aimed to understand whether the latter is indeed true by conducting a systematic review and meta-analysis investigating whether genetic risk communication affects motivation and actual behaviour change towards preventative lifestyle modification. We included all randomised controlled trials (RCT) since 2003 investigating the impact of genetic risk communication on health behaviour to prevent cardiometabolic disease, without restrictions on age, duration of intervention or language. We conducted random-effects meta-analyses for perceived motivation for behaviour change and clinical changes (weight loss) and a narrative analysis for other outcomes. Within the thirteen studies reviewed, five were vignette studies (hypothetical RCT) and seven were clinical RCT. There was no consistent effect of genetic risk on actual motivation for weight loss, perceived motivation for dietary change (control v. genetic risk group standardised mean difference (smd) -0·15; 95 % CI -1·03, 0·73, P=0·74) or actual change in dietary behaviour. Similar results were observed for actual weight loss (control v. high genetic risk SMD 0·29 kg; 95 % CI -0·74, 1·31, P=0·58). This review found no clear or consistent evidence that genetic risk communication alone either raises motivation or translates into actual change in dietary intake or physical activity to reduce the risk of cardiometabolic disorders in adults. Of thirteen studies, eight were at high or unclear risk of bias. Additional larger-scale, high-quality clinical RCT are warranted.

  15. Analysis of the Present Situation of the Study on Literature Obsolescence%文献老化研究现状的分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王宏鑫

    2003-01-01

    The article summarizes the present situation of the study literature obsolescence so as give a basic knowledge of literature obsolescence.Then,it analyzes the influence factors ,method of quantitative analysis ,mathematical model and system of indices of literature obsolescence.Problems to be solved are pointed out.

  16. An analysis of the outdoor recreation and wilderness situation in the United States, 1989-2040: A technical document supporting the 1989 USDA Forest Service RPA Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    H. Ken Cordell; John C. Bergstrom; Lawrence A. Hartmann; Donald B. K. English

    1990-01-01

    The Analysis of the Outdoor Recreation and Wilderness Situation in the United States is intended to build upon past studies and to establish a new and better information base on outdoor recreation and wilderness demand and supply. Also, this assessment answers several key questions which will help identify ways to meet demand through the year 2040. Specifically, it is...

  17. Utilizing Situational Analysis to Demonstrate That American Missionaries Developed an Education System in Hawaii during the Nineteenth Century That Served Western Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beyer, Carl

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to present an example of using research tools, involving multiple perspectives and situational analysis. Investigating the role of American missionaries in the spread of hegemony and colonization in the Kingdom of Hawaii between 1820 (the year the American missionaries arrived) and 1893 (the year Hawaiians lost their…

  18. HIV and sexually transmitted infections at the borderlands: situational analysis of sexual health in the Brazilian Amazon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benzaken, Adele; Sabidó, Meritxell; Galban, Enrique; Rodrigues Dutra, Daniel Lúcio; Leturiondo, André Luiz; Mayaud, Philippe

    2012-06-01

    The borderlands are considered areas of increased vulnerability to HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STI). The study aimed to determine the STI/HIV prevalence and risk factors in the triple-border area of the Brazilian Amazon. A situational analysis of sexual health was conducted in three cities of the Alto Solimões region. This multicomponent research approach included key informant interviews, participant observations and mapping of places where people meet sexual partners. Volunteers recruited from the 'hot spots' in each city were invited for interview and STI/HIV testing. Over 6 months, 598 participants were recruited, 285 men of median age 28 years (IQR, 23-37) and 313 women of median age 29 years (IQR, 24-37). Overall, 49.3% reported a casual partner during the past 3 months, but only 38.5% reported consistent condom use. The respective prevalences in men and women were Neisseria gonorrhoeae (1.1% and 0.3%), Chlamydia trachomatis (1.4% and 4.8%), high-risk human papillomavirus (14.4% and 24.0%), active syphilis (3.2% and 2.6%), herpes simplex virus type-2 (51.1% and 72.1%), hepatitis B virus (by hepatitis B virus surface antigen) (7.5% and 4.6%), hepatitis C virus (0.7% and 0.7%) and HIV (1.4% and 0.0%). Risk factors for viral STIs included female sex and age. While the main conditions that contribute to the spread of HIV are in place in the triple-border area, the prevalence of bacterial STIs and HIV are still relatively low, providing a window of opportunity for interventions.

  19. What constitutes a health-enabling neighborhood? A grounded theory situational analysis addressing the significance of social capital and gender.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eriksson, Malin; Emmelin, Maria

    2013-11-01

    Variations in health between neighborhoods are well known and the conceptualization of social capital has contributed to an understanding of how contextual factors influence these differences. Studies show positive health-effects from living in high social capital areas, at least for some population sub-groups. The aim of this qualitative study was to understand what constitutes a 'health-enabling' neighborhood. It follows up results from a social capital survey in northern Sweden indicating that the health effects of living in a high social capital neighborhood is gendered in favor of women. A grounded theory situational analysis of eight focus group discussions--four with men and four with women--illustrated similar and different positions on how neighborhood characteristics influence health. A neighborhood, where people say hi to each other ("hi-factor") and where support between neighbors exist, were factors perceived as positive for health by all, as was a good location, neighborhood greenness and proximity to essential arenas. Women perceived freedom from demands, feeling safe and city life as additional health enabling factors. For men freedom to do what you want, a sense of belonging, and countryside life were important. To have burdensome neighbors, physical disturbances and a densely living environment were perceived as negative for health in both groups while demands for a well styled home and feeling unsafe were perceived as negative for health among women. Neighborhood social capital, together with other elements in the living environment, has fundamental influence on people's perceived health. Our findings do not confirm that social capital is more important for women than for men but that distinctive form of social capital differ in impact. Investing in physical interventions, such as planning for meeting places, constructing attractive green areas, and making neighborhoods walking-friendly, may increase human interactions that is instrumental for

  20. Facilitators and barriers to quality of care in maternal, newborn and child health: a global situational analysis through metareview.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nair, Manisha; Yoshida, Sachiyo; Lambrechts, Thierry; Boschi-Pinto, Cynthia; Bose, Krishna; Mason, Elizabeth Mary; Mathai, Matthews

    2014-05-22

    Conduct a global situational analysis to identify the current facilitators and barriers to improving quality of care (QoC) for pregnant women, newborns and children. Metareview of published and unpublished systematic reviews and meta-analyses conducted between January 2000 and March 2013 in any language. Assessment of Multiple Systematic Reviews (AMSTAR) is used to assess the methodological quality of systematic reviews. Health systems of all countries. Study outcome: QoC measured using surrogate indicators--effective, efficient, accessible, acceptable/patient centred, equitable and safe. Conducted in two phases (1) qualitative synthesis of extracted data to identify and group the facilitators and barriers to improving QoC, for each of the three population groups, into the six domains of WHO's framework and explore new domains and (2) an analysis grid to map the common facilitators and barriers. We included 98 systematic reviews with 110 interventions to improve QoC from countries globally. The facilitators and barriers identified fitted the six domains of WHO's framework--information, patient-population engagement, leadership, regulations and standards, organisational capacity and models of care. Two new domains, 'communication' and 'satisfaction', were generated. Facilitators included active and regular interpersonal communication between users and providers; respect, confidentiality, comfort and support during care provision; engaging users in decision-making; continuity of care and effective audit and feedback mechanisms. Key barriers identified were language barriers in information and communication; power difference between users and providers; health systems not accounting for user satisfaction; variable standards of implementation of standard guidelines; shortage of resources in health facilities and lack of studies assessing the role of leadership in improving QoC. These were common across the three population groups. The barriers to good

  1. An Analysis of the Red Slogans in Soviet Areas and Their Actual Values%苏区红色标语及其现实价值探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    颜清阳; 刘浩林

    2014-01-01

    苏区红色标语,为建设和巩固革命根据地发挥了积极的宣传鼓动作用。目前,在井冈山及中央苏区所在地,仍保存着大量的红色标语。这些历经磨难保存下来的红色标语,既是革命前辈留给后人的一批珍贵的革命历史档案,也是中国共产党的极为珍贵的精神财富,其价值功能不仅彰显在革命历史时期,更体现在对现实社会的深远影响。%The red slogans in soviet areas played well the propaganda and mobilization functions in building and consolidating revolutionary bases. There still exist a lot of red slogans in Jinggangshan and the Central Soviet Ar-ea. These red slogans preserved through tribulations are not only a batch of precious archives of revolutionary history that the revolutionary predecessors passed on to the later generations,but also invaluable spiritual wealth of the CPC. Their values are not only embodied in the revolutionary history,but also reflected in the profound in-fluence they have on the actual society.

  2. Toxic effect of chemotherapy dosing using actual body weight in obese versus normal-weight patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hourdequin, K C; Schpero, W L; McKenna, D R; Piazik, B L; Larson, R J

    2013-12-01

    Many oncologists reduce chemotherapy doses in obese patients due to fear of excess toxic effect from very large weight-based calculations. While recent guidelines advise against this practice, quantitative summarization of the supporting evidence is not available. We systematically identified studies that compared toxic effect or survival outcomes between obese and normal-weight adults receiving chemotherapy dosed by actual body weight (ABW). We pooled odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) using random-effects models. Of 5490 records screened, 12 studies representing 9314 relevant patients met inclusion criteria. The large majority of reported toxic effect and survival outcomes did not statistically differ between obese and normal-weight subjects. Exceptions included five studies in which one or more toxic effect or survival outcomes statistically favored obese patients, and one study that statistically favored normal-weight patients. Pooling usable data, rates of toxic effects were similar or lower in obese patients (grade 3/4 hematologic toxic effect: OR 0.73, CI 0.55-0.98, 4 studies; grade 3/4 nonhematologic toxic effect: OR 0.98, CI 0.76-1.26, 3 subgroups; any grade 3/4 toxic effect: OR 0.75, CI 0.65-0.87, three studies). Obese patients receiving chemotherapy based on ABW experience similar or lower rates of toxic effects compared with normal-weight patients, and survival outcomes do not differ.

  3. Choice of high-apogee AES orbits on the basis of the qualitative methods of the theory of perturbations and situational analysis. Part I. Situational studies based on orbital tori

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prokhorenko, V. I.

    2016-03-01

    The paper discusses the problems of the choice of high-apogee orbits of artificial Earth satellites (AES), proceeding from the tasks of space experiments aimed at studying near-earth space and taking into account the features of the orbital evolution and ballistic lifetime. The suggested methods of the choice of orbits consist of two components. The first is based on the use of mathematical models of studied regions of near-earth space and various techniques of situation analysis, among which the annual and daily orbital tori developed by the author about 35 years ago are key. The second component is based on qualitative methods of the theory of perturbations of high-apogee AES orbits developed by M.L. Lidov more than 50 years ago.

  4. Situated Learning in Computer Science Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ben-Ari, Mordechai

    2004-06-01

    Sociocultural theories of learning such as Wenger and Lave's situated learning have been suggested as alternatives to cognitive theories of learning like constructivism. This article examines situated learning within the context of computer science (CS) education. Situated learning accurately describes some CS communities like open-source software development, but it is not directly applicable to other CS communities, especially those that deal with non-CS application areas. Nevertheless, situated learning can inform CS education by analyzing debates on curriculum and pedagogy within this framework. CS educators should closely examine professional CS communities of practice and design educational activities to model the actual activities of those communities.

  5. Time from accident to admission to a burn intensive care unit: how long does it actually take? A 25-year retrospective data analysis from a german burn center.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schiefer, J L; Alischahi, A; Perbix, W; Grigutsch, D; Graeff, I; Zinser, M; Demir, E; Fuchs, P C; Schulz, A

    2016-03-31

    Severe burn injuries often require specialized treatment at a burn center. It is known that prompt admission to an intensive care unit is essential for achieving good outcome. Nevertheless, very little is known about the duration of time before a patient is admitted to a specialized center after a burn injury in Germany, and whether the situation has improved over time. We retrospectively analyzed time from burn injury to admission to the burn intensive care unit in the Cologne-Merheim Medical Center - one of Germany's specialized burn centers - over the last 25 years. Moreover, we analyzed the data based on differences according to time of injury and day of the week, as well as severity of the burn injury. There was no weekend effect with regard to transfer time; instead transfer time was particularly short on a Monday or on Sundays. Furthermore, patients with severe burn injuries of 40-89% total body surface area (TBSA) showed the least differences in transfer time. Interestingly, the youngest and the oldest patients arrived at the burn intensive care unit (BICU) the fastest. This study should help elucidate published knowledge regarding transfer time from the scene of the accident to admission to a BICU in Germany.

  6. The Actuality and Analysis of Vocational Education Validity in Social Transformation%转型期职业教育有效性的现状分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阴祥

    2012-01-01

    1978年改革开放以来的社会转型,促使我国经济社会结构的随之转变。这种转变势必会影响到我国职业教育的方方面面。在新形势下,我国需要在职业教育管理体制、职业教育投入、办学形式、职业学校教育教学等方面不断改革创新,从而提升我国职业教育的有效性,以应对社会转型带来的机遇与挑战。%Social transformation,since reforming and opening up from 1978,changes our country's economic and social structure subsequently.This shift will inevitably affect our vocational education in all aspects.In the new situation,the country needs reform and innovation in management system,investment,approach and teaching of vocational education,which will enhance the effectiveness of professional education in our country and response to the opportunities and challenges from social transformation.

  7. Analysis of research present situation of mud invasion%泥浆侵入研究现状分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘尊年; 孙建孟; 迟秀荣; 吴淑琴; 李俊国

    2012-01-01

    The invasion of mud and filtrate is a complicate physical process in the well drilling process. The affecting factors of mud invasion is uncertain when the exploration area and the engineering conditions of well sites are changed. Therefore,it is very diffcult to obtain true formation resistivity and to evaluate accurately the reservoir. This article reviews the research present situation of mud invasion at home and aboard on the affecting factors, the log responses, the calculation of invasion radius and the correction methods of mud invasion. Based on the analysis of mud invasion mechanism, we expect to find some hints for bettter understanding the laws of invasion and morr suitable correction methods, and to guide more accurate reservoir evaluattion. The future study should combine rock physical experiments to further investigate the dynamic mud invasion mechanism and come out more precise and more universal applicable numerical method that can conduct forward and inversion study. Then, the logging resistivity could be effectively and in real-time manner corrected. In addition, the research and development of high performance low invasion mud system, advanced logging with drilling method and emphasizing the influence of rigsite engineering factors are very important to both the study focusing on reduction of mud invasion and the study of low resistivity oil &gas formations under the complex well structure condition.%泥浆及其滤液侵入油气储层是一个复杂的物理过程,其影响因素因区块情况和井场工程因素的不同又有许多不确定性,很难得到地层真电阻率,影响储层测井评价的精确度.本文以泥浆侵入机理的分析为基础,结合国内外对泥浆侵入的研究情况,从泥浆侵入影响因素、泥浆侵入对测井响应的影响、侵入半径的计算和侵入校正方法等方面,对泥浆侵入的研究状况进行了综合评述,以期找出其规律性,为进一步探索更好的泥浆侵入校正

  8. Operational and implementation research within Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria grants: a situation analysis in six countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiefer, Sabine; Knoblauch, Astrid M; Steinmann, Peter; Barth-Jaeggi, Tanja; Vahedi, Mahnaz; Maher, Dermot; Utzinger, Jürg; Wyss, Kaspar

    2017-03-24

    Operational/implementation research (OR/IR) is a key activity to improve disease control programme performance. We assessed the extent to which malaria and tuberculosis (TB) grants from the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria ("Global Fund") include support for OR/IR, and discuss the implications of the current Global Fund operating mechanisms for OR/IR support. The situation analysis focussed on malaria and TB, while HIV was excluded. Stakeholder interviews were conducted at the Global Fund secretariat and in six purposefully selected high disease burden countries, namely the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, India, Indonesia, Myanmar and Zimbabwe. Interviewed in-country stakeholders included the relevant disease control programme managers, project implementation partners, representatives from international organisations with a stake in global health, academic and governmental research institutions, and other relevant individuals such as members of the country coordination mechanism. Additionally, documentation of grants and OR/IR obtained from the Global Fund was reviewed. The Global Fund provides substantial resources for malaria and TB surveys, and supports OR/IR if such support is requested and the application is well justified. We observed considerable variations from one country to another and between programmes with regards to need, demand, absorption capacity and funding for OR/IR related to malaria and TB. Important determinants for the extent of such funding are the involvement of national research coordination bodies, established research agendas and priorities, human and technical research capacity, and involvement of relevant stakeholders in concept note development. Efforts to disseminate OR/IR findings were generally weak, and the Global Fund does not maintain a central OR/IR database. When faced with a need to choose between procurement of commodities for disease control and supporting research, countries tend to seek

  9. Situation analysis in relation to district heating and CHP in the Baltic Sea Region: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Russia, Kaliningrad

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-11-01

    The situation analysis embraces chapters on: Estonia, Kaliningrad, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland and Russia, which experience varying degrees of difficulties with the transition to a market economy, and with integrating into the world market. In the following, the focus is on Lithuania, which has been visited during the project period. Lithuania has specific problems due to the existence of the Ignalina power plant, but has nevertheless characteristics, which apply to Estonia and Latvia as well. The problem with the quality of heat supply is rampant in all the countries, as is legal framework for the sector, except in Poland, which has generally attracted much attention from investors over the last ten years and has experienced a relatively sound political development in the energy sector. The main problem in all countries seem to relate to the policy development. The case of Lithuania confirms this. Following the observations on Lithuania, it is attempted to establish some points of concern, which are relevant to a greater or lesser extent in all countries, as well as some suggestions on how to move towards a solution of those problems. As mentioned Poland is generally in a better position, technically and politically than the three Baltic states, whereas Russia still needs to progress much on those issues. The general recommendations for initiatives in the Baltic countries in question are in brief: Establishing a clear view at governmental level of what the EU and liberalisation will bring, and what needs to be done additionally to secure main energy political objectives. Issues such as security of supply, environmental protection, low cost energy supplies and security of investments need to be thoroughly discussed at national level. It is important to understand that EU Directives provide a framework, not an answer to the future of the energy sector. Reinforcement of governmental bodies that deal with the practical problems of the energy sector. The main task of

  10. HIV treatment and care services for adolescents: a situational analysis of 218 facilities in 23 sub-Saharan African countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mark, Daniella; Armstrong, Alice; Andrade, Catarina; Penazzato, Martina; Hatane, Luann; Taing, Lina; Runciman, Toby; Ferguson, Jane

    2017-05-16

    In 2013, an estimated 2.1 million adolescents (age 10-19 years) were living with HIV globally. The extent to which health facilities provide appropriate treatment and care was unknown. To support understanding of service availability in 2014, Paediatric-Adolescent Treatment Africa (PATA), a non-governmental organisation (NGO) supporting a network of health facilities across sub-Saharan Africa, undertook a facility-level situational analysis of adolescent HIV treatment and care services in 23 countries. Two hundred and eighteen facilities, responsible for an estimated 80,072 HIV-infected adolescents in care, were surveyed. Sixty per cent of the sample were from PATA's network, with the remaining gathered via local NGO partners and snowball sampling. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics and coding to describe central tendencies and identify themes. Respondents represented three subregions: West and Central Africa (n = 59; 27%), East Africa (n = 77, 35%) and southern Africa (n = 82, 38%). Half (50%) of the facilities were in urban areas, 17% peri-urban and 33% rural settings. Insufficient data disaggregation and outcomes monitoring were critical issues. A quarter of facilities did not have a working definition of adolescence. Facilities reported non-adherence as their key challenge in adolescent service provision, but had insufficient protocols for determining and managing poor adherence and loss to follow-up. Adherence counselling focused on implications of non-adherence rather than its drivers. Facilities recommended peer support as an effective adherence and retention intervention, yet not all offered these services. Almost two-thirds reported attending to adolescents with adults and/or children, and half had no transitioning protocols. Of those with transitioning protocols, 21% moved pregnant adolescents into adult services earlier than their peers. There was limited sexual and reproductive health integration, with 63% of facilities offering

  11. Task-shifting and prioritization: a situational analysis examining the role and experiences of community health workers in Malawi.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Sarah; Deveridge, Amber; Berman, Joshua; Negin, Joel; Mwambene, Nwaka; Chingaipe, Elizabeth; Puchalski Ritchie, Lisa M; Martiniuk, Alexandra

    2014-05-02

    As low- and middle-income countries face continued shortages of human resources for health and the double burden of infectious and chronic diseases, there is renewed international interest in the potential for community health workers to assume a growing role in strengthening health systems. A growing list of tasks, some of them complex, is being shifted to community health workers' job descriptions. Health Surveillance Assistants (HSAs) - as the community health worker cadre in Malawi is known - play a vital role in providing essential health services and connecting the community with the formal health care sector. The objective of this study was to understand the performed versus documented roles of the HSAs, to examine how tasks were prioritized, and to understand HSAs' perspectives on their roles and responsibilities. A situational analysis of the HSA cadre and its contribution to the delivery of health services in Zomba district, Malawi was conducted. Focus groups and interviews were conducted with 70 HSAs. Observations of three HSAs performing duties and work diaries from five HSAs were collected. Lastly, six policy-maker and seven HSA supervisor interviews and a document review were used to further understand the cadre's role and to triangulate collected data. HSAs performed a variety of tasks in addition to those outlined in the job description resulting in issues of overloading, specialization and competing demands existing in the context of task-shifting and prioritization. Not all HSAs were resistant to the expansion of their role despite role confusion and HSAs feeling they lacked adequate training, remuneration and supervision. HSAs also said that increasing workload was making completing their primary duties challenging. Considerations for policy-makers include the division of roles of HSAs in prevention versus curative care; community versus centre-based activities; and the potential specialization of HSAs. This study provides insights into HSAs

  12. Situation Analysis of Students' Welfare Services in Universities in South-Western Nigeria: Implications for Students' Personnel Management Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alani, Ramoni Ayobami; Okunola, Phillips Olaide; Subair, Sikiru Omotayo

    2010-01-01

    Motivating learners in university depends largely on those services, processes and procedures whose primary purpose is to enhance and maintain learners' physical, social, intellectual and emotional well-being. This study examined the situation of welfare services in the context of university education vis-a-vis students' perceived motivation to…

  13. [Budget impact analysis of idarucizumab for the management of patients treated with dabigatran in emergency / urgent situations in Italy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Belisari

    2016-06-01

    CONCLUSION: Idarucizumab for the management of patients treated with dabigatran in emergency / urgent situations has the potential for substantial savings, compared to treatments currently available. This preliminary assessment will require further confirmatory evidence when the product will become available in Italian healthcare setting. [Article in Italian

  14. When Is a Pidgin Not a Pidgin? An Alternate Analysis of the ASL-English Contact Situation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cokely, Dennis

    1983-01-01

    Recent sociolinguistic research is used to show that the American Sign Language (ASL)-English contact situation does not result in the emergence of a pidgin as supposed. Variation along the ASL-English continuum can be accounted for by interplay of foreigner talk, judgments of proficiency, and learners' attempts to master the target language.…

  15. Gender and Contextual Differences in Social Responsibility in Thai Schools: A Multi-Study Person versus Situation Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sosik, John J.; Koul, Ravinder; Cameron, John C.

    2017-01-01

    Social responsibility has been linked to the moral development of students, but little prior research has examined how personal and situational variables influence students' willingness to show care and concern for social issues that reflect higher levels of moral development. We theorised and tested the hypotheses that females would endorse…

  16. Nurses' decision-making in ethically relevant clinical situations using the example of breathlessness: study protocol of a reflexive grounded theory integrating Goffman's framework analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunger, Christine; Schnell, Martin W; Bausewein, Claudia

    2017-01-01

    Introduction Decision-making (DM) in healthcare can be understood as an interactive process addressing decision makers' reasoning as well as their visible behaviour after the decision is made. Other key elements of DM are ethical aspects and the role as well as the treatment options of the examined professions. Nurses' DM to choose interventions in situations of severe breathlessness is such interactions. They are also ethically relevant regarding the vulnerability of affected patients and possible restrictions or treatment options. The study aims to explore which factors influence nurses' DM to use nursing interventions in situations where patients suffer from severe breathlessness. Methods and analysis Qualitative study including nurses in German hospital wards and hospices. A triangulation of different methods of data collection—participant observation and qualitative expert interviews—and analysis merge in a reflexive grounded theory approach which integrates Goffman's framework analysis. It allows an analysis of nurses' self-statements about DM, their behaviour in relevant clinical situations and its influences. Data collection and analysis will be examined simultaneously. Ethics and dissemination Informed consent will be gained from all participants and the institutional stakeholders. Ongoing consent has to be ensured since observations will take place in healthcare institutions and many patients will be highly vulnerable. The study has been evaluated and approved by the Witten/Herdecke University Ethics Committee, Witten, Germany. Results of the study will be published at congresses and in journal papers.

  17. El Observatorio Gemini - Status actual

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levato, H.

    Se hace una breve descripción de la situación actual del Observatorio Gemini y de las últimas decisiones del Board para incrementar la eficiencia operativa. Se hace también una breve referencia al uso argentino del observatorio.

  18. Potentiality, Actuality, and Quantum Mechanics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boris Koznjak

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper a possible interpretative value of Aristotle’s fundamental ontological doctrine of potentiality (δύναµις and actuality (ἐνέργεια is considered in the context of operationally undoubtedly the most successful but interpretatively still controversial theory of modern physics – quantum mechanics – especially regarding understanding the nature of the world, the phenomena of which it describes and predicts so successfully. In particular, beings of the atomic world are interpreted as real potential beings (δυνάµει ὄντα actualized by the measurement process in appropriate experimental arrangement, and the problem of actual beings (ἐνεργείᾳ ὄντα of the atomic world (better known as the measurement problem in quantum mechanics is considered in the context of Aristotle’s threefold requirement for the priority of actuality over potentiality – in time (χρόνος, definition or knowledge (λόγος, and substantiality (οὐσία.

  19. Linguistic Theory and Actual Language.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Segerdahl, Par

    1995-01-01

    Examines Noam Chomsky's (1957) discussion of "grammaticalness" and the role of linguistics in the "correct" way of speaking and writing. It is argued that the concern of linguistics with the tools of grammar has resulted in confusion, with the tools becoming mixed up with the actual language, thereby becoming the central…

  20. Linguistic Theory and Actual Language.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Segerdahl, Par

    1995-01-01

    Examines Noam Chomsky's (1957) discussion of "grammaticalness" and the role of linguistics in the "correct" way of speaking and writing. It is argued that the concern of linguistics with the tools of grammar has resulted in confusion, with the tools becoming mixed up with the actual language, thereby becoming the central…

  1. Quantitative Engagement Situation Analysis Method in Close Air Combat Training%定量的近距空战训练对抗态势分析方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丛伟; 景博; 黄雷; 甘旭升

    2012-01-01

    For the disadvantages of engagement situation analysis in close air combat, a new quantitative method for engagement situation analysis in close air combat training is proposed. Based on the relative position between attacker and target, this method constructs the superiority functions of position and weapon during the engagement and weapon envelope of close air-to-air missile. The quantification of position superiority and weapon superiority is presented. Then engagement situation function is determined by lineally combining the two functions of position and weapon. So the quantitative description of engagement situation in close air combat training is obtained. The rationality and effectiveness are verified by an application example.%针对近距对抗态势分析不能量化的不足,提出一种定量的近距空战训练对抗态势分析方法.该方法以对抗过程中双方的位置关系为基础,结合近距空空导弹的攻击包线,建立位置优势函数和武器优势函数,通过两类函数的线性组合构造对抗态势函数,实现了空战训练对抗态势的定量描述.通过算例验证了该方法的合理性和有效性.

  2. Situated clinical cognition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Timpka, T

    1995-10-01

    The features characterizing study of clinical cognition in situ are formulated as: Re-cognition of context, culture, history and affect. Socializing and phenomenalistic elements are again included in the research agenda. Interest for representations: an analysis level is reserved for the symbols, rules and images relevant to define in models of clinical cognition. De-emphasis on computer modeling: investigations focus on the 'functional systems' in which computers are involved. Rootedness in classical philosophical problems: issues concerning situated clinical cognition are connected to the width of available theoretical literature. Belief in interdisciplinary studies: productive interactions between the new and traditional disciplines is anticipated, implying that new shared methods have to be developed. When scientific perspectives are broadened, a new balance has to be found between the relevance of the subject of study and methodological rigor. The situated clinical cognition framework is to allow for moving between models, theories, and perspectives, as it does not presuppose a singular model of clinical thinking.

  3. Situated Formative Feedback

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lukassen, Niels Bech; Wahl, Christian; Sorensen, Elsebeth Korsgaard

    2016-01-01

    feedback episode (FFE) through an online dialogue. The paper argues that dialogue is crucial for student learning and that feedback is not only something the teacher gives to the student. Viewing good quality feedback as social, situated, formative, emphasis is put on the establishment of dialogue. We...... refer to this type of feedback as, Situated Formative Feedback (SFF). As a basis for exploring, identifying and discussing relevant aspects of SFF the paper analyses qualitative data from a Moodle dialogue. Data are embedded in the qualitative analytic program Nvivo and are analysed with a system...... theoretical textual analysis method. Asynchronous written dialogue from an online master’s course at Aalborg University forms the empirical basis of the study. The findings suggests in general that students play an essential role in SFF and that students and educators are equal in the COP, but holds different...

  4. "Treat me with respect". A systematic review and thematic analysis of psychiatric patients' reported perceptions of the situations associated with the process of coercion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tingleff, E B; Bradley, S K; Gildberg, F A

    2017-01-01

    and provide a foundation for improving clinical practice. Aims: To review existing research literature in order to investigate adult psychiatric patients' reported perceptions of situations before, during and after specific and defined types of coercive measures, and to investigate what patients perceive...... as moderating factors, in regard to the use of these coercive measures. Method: A systematic review and thematic analysis of 26 peer-reviewed studies was undertaken. Results: The analysis identified six themes and additional subthemes, where "interactions with professionals" and "communication" were predominant...... themes across the timeline of coercion. Altogether, themes were associated with either "positive or negative patient-perceived impact." Implications for practice: Increased sensitivity to patients' views of the situation at each point in the process is desirable in order to respond to the patients...

  5. Actual and future situations of the use of radioisotopes; Situacion actual y futura del empleo de radioisotopos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Paredes G, L.C. [ININ, 52045 Ocoyoacac, Estado de Mexico (Mexico)

    2005-07-01

    It is anticipated to medium term, an increase in the demand of the radioisotopes for medicine, industry and research, as well as the application of new radioisotopes derived from the development of new radiopharmaceuticals products for diagnosis and therapy applications. The personal and clinical dosimetry will have to be prepared for the new challenges. (Author)

  6. Sustainable development and corporative information: evolution and actual situation; Desarrollo sostenible e informacion corporative. Evolucion y situacion actual

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moneva, J. M.; Ortas, E.

    2009-07-01

    The aim of this research is to analyze the development of sustain ability reporting practices from a critical perspective. A global descriptive study has been raised, making special reference to the Spanish organizations. From the basic concepts of sustainable development, triple bottom line and accountability, a historical review has been carried out about social and environmental reporting by companies and other organizations. Furthermore, sustain ability reporting framework is revisited, focusing our study in the Global Reporting Initiative framework. These aspects configure the basis for a descriptive empirical research in a global and national context. (Author) 29 refs.

  7. The Current Situation of Students’ Participatation in Extracurricular Sports Activities of Private Middle School in Henan Province and the Analysis of Investigation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhe, Wang

    By using the methods of document literature, questionnaire survey and mathematical statistics, this paper investigates and analyses the cuurent situation of students' participation in extrucurricular sports activities of 36 private middle schools in Henan province which have legal education procedures through the following aspects: the attitude, motivation, times, duration, selection of programs, and influential factors of participating in extracurricular sports activities. Based on the investigation and analysis, this paper points out the existing problems and puts forward suggestions

  8. ATHENA: an actual antihydrogen annihilation

    CERN Multimedia

    2002-01-01

    This is an image of an actual matter-antimatter annihilation due to an atom of antihydrogen in the ATHENA experiment, located on the Antiproton Decelerator (AD) at CERN since 2001. The antiproton produces four charged pions (yellow) whose positions are given by silicon microstrips (pink) before depositing energy in CsI crystals (yellow cubes). The positron also annihilates to produce back-to-back gamma rays (red).

  9. Monitoring actual performance of ground source heat pump system using GPRS-based data transmission:A case analysis in Tangshan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜红普; 孔祥飞; 李敏; 齐承英

    2015-01-01

    The energy efficiency monitoring is an essential precondition for ground source heat pump system’s controlling and energy saving operation. Based on the data monitoring applied in the school building, this work is focused on the parameters acquisition and operation analysis of the GSHP system in Tangshan. Results show the average COPs (coefficient of performance) are 2.85 and 2.70 in summer and winter, respectively, and heat(cold) unbalance underground existed after whole year operation. The analysis of data also indicates that the direct borehole air-conditioning saved some power consumption obviously in the early stage of summer and energy saving of the GSHP system depended remarkably on its operation and management level. Besides the observation points of ground temperature are laid for a large-scale GSHP system, and the hydraulic balance of the pipes group needs to be concerned specially in safeguarding better reliability.

  10. Analysis of the situation room in a FHU: a view of women’s health careAnalysis of the situation room in a FHU: a view of women’s health care

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marilia Gabriela da Rocha Vital

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Rationale and Objectives: Among the Brazilian health care programs, there is the Program for Integral Attention to Women’s Health (PAISM, which offers full assistance to the female population in accordance with the principles and guidelines of SUS within primary care policy. This study aimed to analyze the monthly monitoring in 2009 and 2010 through epidemiological indicators of the situation room regarding women’s health in a Family Health Unit (FHU of Recife-PE. Methods: This is a descriptive epidemiological, comparative and exploratory study carried out in a FHU of the Health District V, located in Recife-PE and called Planet of the Apes II, a member of PET-Health. A total of eight indicators were assessed, representing 100% of the data in spreadsheets presented in the Situation Room in the abovementioned years. Results: The assessed Family Health Unit, in general, reached the goals established by the Ministry of Health regarding PAISM in the analyzed indicators for prenatal care and collection of cytopathologic specimens for uterine cancer surveillance. Conclusion: The FHU must always be instructed and trained to provide comprehensive care to women’s health, a perspective that includes health promotion, control of the most prevalent diseases in this group and ensuring the right to health. However, it is worth emphasizing that the results shown here cannot be interpreted alone, or be the only source of information and evaluation of care. KEYWORDS: Women’s Health. Primary Health Care. Health Policies

  11. The Suzhou City elementary and middle school students physical education learning interest present situation investigation and countermeasure analysis%对苏州市中小学生体育学习兴趣的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘涛英

    2013-01-01

      本文通过对苏州市中小学生体育学习的兴趣进行了抽样调查,实际情况表明,苏州市部分中小学生对体育运动锻炼的兴趣不高。在此基础上,通过采用文献资料发、访问调查法、数理统计法、问卷调查法等方法分析和找出其中存在的问题和症结,结合目前学生及学校的实际情况,提出相应的解决办法,以此来促进学生学习体育的兴趣,全面提高学生的身体素质。%  article through to the Suzhou City elementary and middle school students physical education learning interest through sampling survey,Actual condition makes clear, Suzhou is a part of primary and middle school students in sports exercise interest is not high.On this basis, by using literature, survey method, mathematical statistics method, the method of questionnaire analysis and find out the problems and crux,Combined with the current students and the school actual situation,proposed the corresponding solution.In order to promote the students' sports interest, improve the students'physical quality.

  12. Potential of actualization of converse structures with the verb to meet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Minčuk Inna I.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The article represents an analysis of functioning of converse structures with the verb to meet in electronic mass media texts. The specific of converse paradigm in four standard situations was revealed: "meeting-appointment", "meeting-acquaintance", "meeting-competition" and "meeting-conversation". There was established that nevertheless the converse structures seem to be identical they are asymmetric indeed: by choosing one structure from converse pair Ivan met Peter ←→ Peter met Ivan the author of the text defines the priority figure for him (and for the edition that he represents. The asymmetry of syntactical converses is defined by the status of the situation participants and can be evident in the following oppositions: "compatriot - foreigner", "chief - subordinate", "the initiator of a meeting - the person been invited", "the winner - loser", etc. Potential of actualization of converse structures gives the grounds to consider syntactic converses to be one of the verbal means of creating the media reality.

  13. 基于ANSYS的真实粗糙表面微观接触分析%Microcontact Analysis for Actual Rough Surfaces Based on ANSYS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    瞿珏; 王崴; 肖强明; 李培林

    2012-01-01

    基于材料弹塑性变形理论,采用激光测量仪测取零件表面微观形貌数据,使用小波对测量数据进行处理,提取不同层次的粗糙度,利用有限元分析软件ANSYS及其APDL工具,建立真实粗糙表面不同尺度上的微观接触参数化有限元模型,仿真分析了粗糙表面接触的弹塑性变形全过程.提出了基于ANSYS重启动分析、网格重划的多载荷步求解算法,以解决有限元微观接触分析过程中的网格畸变问题.通过通用后处理模块/POST1,提取了有限元分析结果文件中的真实接触面积、接触载荷、接触微凸体个数等接触参数,分析了多种不同粗糙度表面相互接触时接触参数的关系,以及不同尺度的粗糙面对接触参数的影响,为研究结合面的接触机理和连接性能提供了方法.%The laser measurement equipment named OLS4000 is adopted to measure topography data of the micron scale surface of the parts,which are dealt with by the wavelet so that different scale coarsenesses are picked up.Then finite element analysis software -ANSYS and APDL tool are used to set up a mi-crocosmic contact parameterization FEM model for the rough surface with different scale to simulate and analyze the elasticoplastic deformation process. In addition an algorithm of restarting analysis and grid meshing based on multi load steps is presented to solve the problems of grid precision and grid distortion happened during microcosmic contact process.Through the disposal module/POSTl,the parameters such as real contact area, contact load and number of contact convex bodies in FEM analysis documents are extracted. And the relations of contact parameters for different rough surfaces contact are analyzed as well as the influence of different scaled rough surfaces on contact parameters, which offers the foundation for the analysis of contact mechanism and connect capability between mechanical joint surfaces.

  14. 吉林省高校运动训练专业排球专项课程设置现状分析与研究%Situation Analysis and Research of Jilin University Sports Training Professional Volleyball Special Curriculum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭仁红

    2014-01-01

    Following the 2003 Ministry of Education,"University undergraduate PE curriculum programs"began, physical education major universities across the country began to actively explore new ideas, changing teaching methods. Author bas-ed on the actual situation of Jilin sports development, combined with the specific situation in the province, according to prominent sports training curriculum system reform, adhere to the basic principles of professional development goals target to multiple targets from a single shift, through the province of professional sports training college on volleyball precise analy-sis of the special development status of sport, volleyball explore further reform and development of special curriculum and train a new generation of professional sports talents complex new road.%继2003年教育部《普通高等学校体育教育专业本科专业课程方案》开始实施后,全国各高校体育教育专业开始积极开拓思路,转变教育教学方法。笔者根据吉林省体育项目发展的实际情况,结合具体省情,依据突出运动训练专业课程体系改革,坚持专业培养目标从单一目标向多元目标转变的基本原则,通过对我省高校关于运动训练专业排球专项运动发展现状的精确分析研究,探索进一步改革和发展排球专项课程设置及培养新一代专业复合型体育人才的新路。

  15. A situated approach to VET students' reflection processes across boundaries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wegener, Charlotte

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to illuminate the intersection between institutional requirements for reflection and students’ actual reflection initiatives in the social and health care education programmes. A situated perspective makes it possible to illuminate individuals’ commitment, curiosity...... and uncertainty as bases for understanding reflective actions, which can be either supported or constrained by the social environment in which they are enacted. The analysis is based on an ethnographic field study of boundary-crossing activities at a social and healthcare college and the elder care centres where...

  16. Chinese Cuisine Culture and Current Situation of its Translation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WU Yi-dan

    2013-01-01

    Chinese cuisine is the main reflection of our country’s cuisine culture. It contains profound historical and cultural background. Besides, it permeates folk-custom taste and local manners. Since the name of a cuisine is the first impression given to a dining person, undoubtedly, its translation is very important in cultural dissemination and communication. But actually, there are many problems exist in Chinese cuisine translation at present. This paper is based on a massive collection of Chinese cuisine ’s translation, classification, analysis. Besides, it has found out cultural connotation, current situation and the causes from the cultural angle;discussed the basic requirements of translating Chinese cuisine.

  17. Structural analysis and evaluation of actual PC bridge using 950 keV/3.95 MeV X-band linacs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takeuchi, H.; Yano, R.; Ozawa, I.; Mitsuya, Y.; Dobashi, K.; Uesaka, M.; Kusano, J.; Oshima, Y.; Ishida, M.

    2017-07-01

    In Japan, bridges constructed during the strong economic growth era are facing an aging problem and advanced maintenance methods have become strongly required recently. To meet this demand, we develop the on-site inspection system using 950 keV/3.95 MeV X-band (9.3 GHz) linac X-ray sources. These systems can visualize in seconds the inner states of bridges, including cracks of concrete, location and state of tendons (wires) and other imperfections. At the on-site inspections, 950 keV linac exhibited sufficient performance. But, for thicker concrete, it is difficult to visualize the internal state by 950 keV linac. Therefore, we proceeded the installation of 3.95 MeV linac for on-site bridge inspection. In addition, for accurate evaluation, verification on the parallel motion CT technique and FEM analysis are in progress.

  18. 黄山市森林资源现状及变化分析%Analysis on Forest Resource Actualities and Changes of Huangshan City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑凡

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, based on the survey data of forest resources planning and design in Huangshan City, a dynamic analysis was made on its forestland areas of all types, forest stock, forest types, tenure structures and forest quality to show its remarkable achievements in forestry development.%本文以森林资源规划设计调查数据为依据,对黄山市各类林地面积、林木蓄积量、林种、树种、权属结构、森林质量等进行动态分析,展示了黄山市林业发展取得的成果。

  19. Analysis of students’ nervous system’s typological properties, in aspect of response to extreme situation, with the help of multi-dimensional analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kozina Z.L.

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: determination of objective and subjective characteristics of students’ with different properties of nervous system fear of heights. Material: In the research 10 students of 18-19 years old age, who did not practice sports, participated. The students fulfilled one exercises: passing suspended ferriage in hiking. This exercise gives subjective perception of height and creates artificial conditions for appearing of fear. He exercise was fulfilled under all required safety measures and supervised by experienced instructor. Cluster and discriminant analysis were used. Results: we have shown that is possible to divide people into groups by indicators of functional changes in extreme situation in combination with indicators of psycho-physiological potentials and properties of nervous system. We have found that the most significant indicators for distribution of students into groups by individual typological properties are speed and accuracy of passing of psycho-physiological tests with different modes of signals’ supply as well as functional changes before exercise of extreme character. Conclusions: It was determined that students with strong type of nervous system had confidently less heart beats rate before fulfillment of extreme exercise than the students with weak type of nervous system. Subjective feeling of fear before fulfillment of extreme exercise was also confidently less in representatives of strong type of nervous system.

  20. Los Retos del Mercado Actual

    OpenAIRE

    Quirós Sáenz, Juan

    2013-01-01

    Probablemente la empresa que sobreviva en laeconomía actual, no será la que tenga el mejor productoo servicio, sino la que tenga la mayor eficienciaoperacional y ofrezca un servicio sorprendente paraobtener la lealtad de sus clientes. Pero también, la quetenga ejecutivos de mercadeo con el conocimiento,carácter y determinación, para enfrentar estos retos deuna manera creativa. ABSTRACTMost probably the companies that will survive presentday’s economy will not be the ones with the better produ...

  1. Funciones actuales del derecho penal

    OpenAIRE

    González Radío, Vicente

    2016-01-01

    El abordaje del estudio científico de las funciones actuales del derecho penal, requiere plantearse qué es el derecho y delimitar la naturaleza y la identidad del objeto, además del encuadre subjetivo, sus fuentes y su estructuración material y formal. Para ello, hay que diferenciar el (vulgar-popular-religioso-poético-filosófico-científicotécnico- tecnológico) frente al . Tanto desde el “saber” como, posteriormente, con el conocer, el derecho presenta dos marcos de referencia: una evocación...

  2. Heilongjiang province of entrepreneurship to promote employment situation analysis%黑龙江省创业带动就业形势分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张忠慧; 崔梦琪; 毕鹏

    2013-01-01

      就业是民生之本,创业是经济活力之源,也是扩大就业的倍增器。我国是世界上劳动力人口最多的国家,扩大就业、鼓励创业具有非常重要的意义。我党提出“以创业带动就业”的战略思想,把鼓励创业、支持创业摆到就业工作更加突出的位置。本文针对黑龙江省实际情况,对全省就业状况、创业环境、创业活动水平、创业促进就业效应以及影响创业的因素进行深入分析,为提出促进创业带动就业的新路径奠定基础。%Employment is the basic thing for people, entrepreneurship is the economic lifeblood, and is also expanding employment multiplier. China is the world's labor's most populous country, expanding employment and encourage entrepreneurship has very important significance. The Seventeenth Party Congress put forward the strategic thinking of entrepreneurship to create jobs, to encourage entrepreneurship and support entrepreneurship placed in a more prominent position of employment. In this article, we refer to the actual situation in Heilongjiang Province, the province's employment situation, business environment, the level of entrepreneurial activity, entrepreneurship promotion of employment effects and the impact of entrepreneurial factors which are analyzed to learn from the advanced experience of the developed regions, on this basis to promote entrepreneurship to create employment paths.

  3. Educational guidance teams in Andalusia: an analysis of the current situation in Huelva/Equipos de Orientacion Educativa en la Comunidad andaluza: analisis de la situacion actual en la provincia de Huelva

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Gomez, Maria Cinta Aguaded; Arboledas, Antonio Rus; Fernandez, Jose Antonio Avila

    2010-01-01

    ..., las funciones que consideran prioritarias para desempenar el puesto y las competencias mas relevantes para ser un buen orientador, basadas mas en caracteristicas personales que en poseer una formacion teorica.

  4. A method for determining the actual rate of orientation switching of DNA self-assembled monolayers using optical and electrochemical frequency response analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casanova-Moreno, J; Bizzotto, D

    2015-02-17

    Electrostatic control of the orientation of fluorophore-labeled DNA strands immobilized on an electrode surface has been shown to be an effective bioanalytical tool. Modulation techniques and later time-resolved measurements were used to evaluate the kinetics of the switching between lying and standing DNA conformations. These measurements, however, are the result of a convolution between the DNA "switching" response time and the other frequency limited responses in the measurement. In this work, a method for analyzing the response of a potential driven DNA sensor is presented by calculating the potential effectively dropped across the electrode interface (using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy) as opposed to the potential applied to the electrochemical cell. This effectively deconvolutes the effect of the charging time on the observed frequency response. The corrected response shows that DNA is able to switch conformation faster than previously reported using modulation techniques. This approach will ensure accurate measurements independent of the electrochemical system, removing the uncertainty in the analysis of the switching response, enabling comparison between samples and measurement systems.

  5. Sound Art Situations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krogh Groth, Sanne; Samson, Kristine

    2017-01-01

    This article is an analysis of two sound art performances that took place June 2015 in outdoor public spaces in the social housing area Urbanplanen in Copenhagen, Denmark. The two performances were On the production of a poor acoustics by Brandon LaBelle and Green Interactive Biofeedback Environm......This article is an analysis of two sound art performances that took place June 2015 in outdoor public spaces in the social housing area Urbanplanen in Copenhagen, Denmark. The two performances were On the production of a poor acoustics by Brandon LaBelle and Green Interactive Biofeedback...... Environments (GIBE) by Jeremy Woodruff. In order to investigate the complex situation that arises when sound art is staged in such contexts, the authors of this article suggest exploring the events through approaching them as ‘situations’ (Doherty 2009). With this approach it becomes possible to engage...... integrated within the analysis, pursuing the most comprehensive interpretation of the pieces possible....

  6. How People Actually Use Thermostats

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Meier, Alan; Aragon, Cecilia; Hurwitz, Becky; Mujumdar, Dhawal; Peffer, Therese; Perry, Daniel; Pritoni, Marco

    2010-08-15

    Residential thermostats have been a key element in controlling heating and cooling systems for over sixty years. However, today's modern programmable thermostats (PTs) are complicated and difficult for users to understand, leading to errors in operation and wasted energy. Four separate tests of usability were conducted in preparation for a larger study. These tests included personal interviews, an on-line survey, photographing actual thermostat settings, and measurements of ability to accomplish four tasks related to effective use of a PT. The interviews revealed that many occupants used the PT as an on-off switch and most demonstrated little knowledge of how to operate it. The on-line survey found that 89% of the respondents rarely or never used the PT to set a weekday or weekend program. The photographic survey (in low income homes) found that only 30% of the PTs were actually programmed. In the usability test, we found that we could quantify the difference in usability of two PTs as measured in time to accomplish tasks. Users accomplished the tasks in consistently shorter times with the touchscreen unit than with buttons. None of these studies are representative of the entire population of users but, together, they illustrate the importance of improving user interfaces in PTs.

  7. Análisis geográfico de las actuales relaciones comerciales entre Canarias y Marruecos / Geographic analysis of commercial relations between the Canary Islands and Morocco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramón Díaz Hernández

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo formulamos como hipótesis de partida que Canarias, como frontera meridional de Europa, en un contexto de creciente internacionalización, tiene en los mercados africanos una gran baza histórica que desempeñar. Dado el interés general que este asunto suscita entre las ciencias sociales, se requiere abordarlo desde el análisis geográfico. Para cumplimentar este estudio se emplearon las estadísticas que ofrecen organismos oficiales como el Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Instituto Canario de Estadística, Agencia Estatal de la Administración Tributaria, Instituto de Comercio Exterior y entidades internacionales como la Conferencia de las Naciones Unidas para el Comercio y el Desarrollo (UNCTAD y la Organización Mundial del Comercio (OCM.In this work we formulate the hypothesis that the Canary Islands, as Europe’s southern border, must develop an important role in African markets, in a context of increasing internationalization. Because of the general interest in this issue within the social sciences, to address it from the geographic analysis is required. This study is based, on the one hand, on statistics provided by Spanish government agencies such as the National Statistics Institute, the Canary Institute of Statistics, the State Tax Administration Agency and the Institute of Foreign Trade and, on the other hand, by international entities such as the United Nations Conference for Trade and Development (UNCTAD and the World Trade Organization (WTO.

  8. Analysis of environmental and economic situation based on the method of prosperity analysis%环境与经济形势的景气分析研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王妍; 曾维华; 吴舜泽

    2011-01-01

    In order to analyse the impacts of socio-economic development on environment, a framework of environment-economic situation analysis based on the method of macroeconomic prosperity analysis was set up. An index system for environmental and economic prosperity analysis was established. There were two categories of indicators, as leading and coincidence indicators, mainly from the factors influencing environmental development trend. Also prosperity index was calculated, and it could be used to predict the environmental development trend. This method was applied to investigate the trend of SO2 emission in China. In 2008, the diffusion index of coincidence indicators was 71.43, presenting a prosperous situation; the composite index was 99.53, slightly lower than that of 2002. Socio-economic development had a prosperous effect on environment, while the diffusion index of leading indicators dropping into the depression region presented some adverse effects on SO2 emissions mitigation. Further steps should be taken to ensure the harmony of socio-economic development and environmental protection, such as adjusting the partitioning among key industries and fixed asset investment growth rate, improving energy efficiency, optimizing energy consumption structure.%为了识别社会经济发展对环境的影响,借鉴宏观经济景气分析的方法,构建了环境与经济形势景气分析框架.在识别影响环境发展态势的主要社会经济要素的基础上,构建环境与经济景气分析指标体系,并划分出针对污染物排放的先行和一致性指标,同时对其进行景气指数分析,预测预警未来环境的发展态势.应用该方法对全国大气环境SO2捧放展开景气分析.2008年大气环境景气分析一致扩散指数为71.43,处于景气区间;合成指数为99.53,相对于2002年总体上星下降趋势;社会经济发展对环境呈景气影响.但是先行扩散指数跌至不景气区间,部分指标出现环境不景气

  9. Escritura a través del currículo en Colombia: situación actual y desafíos (Writing Across the Curriculum in Colombia: Current Situation and Challenges (Ecriture à travers le curriculum en Colombie: situation actuelle et défis (A escrita através do currículo na Colômbia: situação atual e desafios

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Violeta Molina Natera

    2012-12-01

    perspective cognitive et rhétorique et le rapport avec la situation en Co- lombie à partir des résultats de la re- cherche intitulée Pourquoi lire et écrire dans les universités colombiennes?, une contribution à la consolidation de la culture académique dans cette re- cherche ont participé 17 universités. On analyse une partie des résultats et on conclut avec une liste d'impor- tants défis qui doivent être considérés par rapport aux différentes étages qui conforment l'éducation supérieure.ResumoAinda que cada disciplina tenha suas formas particulares de construir e di- fundir o conhecimento na Educação Superior, a escrita é a base comum para isto. Este artigo de reflexão con- textualiza um movimento pedagógico pouco estudado na Colômbia, mos- trando sua evolução histórica, as bases conceituais que o sustentam (enfoque cognitivo e retórico e a relação com a situação da Colômbia a partir dos resultados da pesquisa Para quê se lê e se escreve nas universidades da Co- lômbia? Um aporte à consolidação da cultura acadêmica, da qual participa- ram 17 universidades. Analisa-se parte dos resultados e se conclui apontando importantes desafios a ser conside- rados pelas diferentes instâncias que agem na Educação Superior.

  10. MUNICIPAL ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT: INSTITUTIONAL SITUATION ANALYSIS IN MUNICIPALITIES AFFECTED BY NATURAL DISASTERS – THE CASE OF THE HURRICANE CATARINA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberta do Espírito Santo Luzzardi

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available This article seeks to analyze the current situation and environmental management structure of the municipalities affected by the first hurricane of the South Atlantic, the Hurricane Catarina, five years after its occurrence. In this way, we tried to verify to what extent the awareness of global threats, such as climate changes and the consequent natural disasters, increases the predisposition of institutional improvement related to the environment in municipalities. Therefore, we visited all municipalities affected by the hurricane with impact of damage classified as medium, high or very high. Based on primary and secondary data, we 211 sought to compare the environmental management structure at the time of the occurrence of the disaster and current structure. As conclusion, it is possible to say that little has changed in terms of municipal environmental management, even after 5 years of the phenomenon.

  11. 中国醋酸行业形势分析%Situation analysis of Chinese acetic acid industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹宏兵

    2011-01-01

    The development situation of Chinese acetic acid industry is introduced and the current major problems on it are analyzed. Chinese acetic acid industry is in fierce competition as it has severe overcapacity. The capacities of acetic acid downstream products have been expanding rapidly, but the industry chain homogeneity is very serious. It is pointed out that the development direction for the future of Chinese acetic acid industry should focus on new high-end downstream products.%介绍了近年来醋酸行业发展形势,分析了目前醋酸生产行业中存在的问题,如竞争者众多,醋酸产品供大于求,下游产品扩能迅猛,产业链同质化严重,并指出醋酸行业应以开发高端下游产品为发展方向.

  12. Drive-away policing and situational crime prevention in China: an analysis of motorcycle ban (jinmo) policy in Guangzhou.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Jianhua

    2012-04-01

    Using the example of motorcycle ban policy in Guangzhou, the capital of Guangdong province, this article examines how situational crime prevention strategies are used in contemporary urban China. The article argues that although a motorcycle ban policy may reduce motorcycle snatch theft (feiche qiangduo) in Guangzhou, it inevitably caused a problem of displacement. However, some types of displacement are desirable for local government. An argument about drive-away policing is proposed in this article to understand policing styles in contemporary China. In addition, the article argues that motorcycle ban, as a strategy to prevent snatch theft and robbery, is also a strategy to deal with the crisis in police legitimacy. Therefore, crime prevention in China has more social and political significance than just reducing crime.

  13. Brief Analysis on Causes and Current Situations of Desertification: A Case Study of Tongyu County in Jilin Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jing; WANG; Yuqun; SU; Changlong; XUE

    2013-01-01

    Land desertification is a complex concept which refers to land degradation in the arid region, semi-arid region and sub-humid arid region caused by various factors including climate variability and human activities. It is not only an environmental problem, but also a social and economic one[1]. Land desertification will reduce the biological and economic production potential of the land and even exacerbate the trend of land desertification, leaving serious impact on the economic, social development and national lives of Jilin. In addition, it will result in ecological environment deterioration, microclimate variability, an increase in natural disaster and high frequency of sand blowing. Taking the special geographic area in western Jilin (especially the Tongyu County) as an example, this paper discusses the natural and social factors for the forming of desertification in the microcosmic level, analyzes the current situations and provides reasonable recommendations.

  14. Analysis of the Current Situation of Chinese Animation%中国动画现状分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨涛; 刘超; 张天翔

    2012-01-01

    The current situation of animation in Europe and the United States and Japan is introduced.The status quo of animation in our country and the problems and hidden dangers of China's animation industry is analyzed and how to solve these problems is expounded.%介绍欧美及日本各国在动画方面的现状,分析我国现在在动画方面的现状以及我国动画产业现在存在的问题与隐患,以及我们如何解决我国动漫产业方面的种种问题。

  15. Nurses' decision-making in ethically relevant clinical situations using the example of breathlessness: study protocol of a reflexive grounded theory integrating Goffman's framework analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunger, Christine; Schnell, Martin W; Bausewein, Claudia

    2017-02-22

    Decision-making (DM) in healthcare can be understood as an interactive process addressing decision makers' reasoning as well as their visible behaviour after the decision is made. Other key elements of DM are ethical aspects and the role as well as the treatment options of the examined professions. Nurses' DM to choose interventions in situations of severe breathlessness is such interactions. They are also ethically relevant regarding the vulnerability of affected patients and possible restrictions or treatment options. The study aims to explore which factors influence nurses' DM to use nursing interventions in situations where patients suffer from severe breathlessness. Qualitative study including nurses in German hospital wards and hospices. A triangulation of different methods of data collection-participant observation and qualitative expert interviews-and analysis merge in a reflexive grounded theory approach which integrates Goffman's framework analysis. It allows an analysis of nurses' self-statements about DM, their behaviour in relevant clinical situations and its influences. Data collection and analysis will be examined simultaneously. Informed consent will be gained from all participants and the institutional stakeholders. Ongoing consent has to be ensured since observations will take place in healthcare institutions and many patients will be highly vulnerable. The study has been evaluated and approved by the Witten/Herdecke University Ethics Committee, Witten, Germany. Results of the study will be published at congresses and in journal papers. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/.

  16. Situational analysis of facilitators and barriers to availability and utilization of magnesium sulfate for eclampsia and severe preeclampsia in the public health system in Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lotufo, Fátima Aparecida; Parpinelli, Mary Angela; Osis, Maria José; Surita, Fernanda Garanhani; Costa, Maria Laura; Cecatti, José Guilherme

    2016-08-30

    Eclampsia is the main cause of maternal death in Brazil. Magnesium sulfate is the drug of choice for seizure prevention and control in the management of severe preeclampsia and eclampsia. Despite scientific evidence demonstrating its effectiveness and safety, there have been delays in managing hypertensive disorders, including timely access to magnesium sulfate. To conduct a general situational analysis on availability and use of magnesium sulfate for severe preeclampsia and eclampsia in the public health system. A situational analysis was conducted with two components: a documental analysis on information available at the official websites on the policy, regulation and availability of the medication, plus a cross sectional study with field analysis and interviews with local managers of public obstetric health services in Campinas, in the southeast of Brazil. We used the fishbone cause and effect diagram to organize study components. Interviews with managers were held during field observations using specific questionnaires. There was no access to magnesium sulfate in primary care facilities, obstetric care was excluded from urgency services and clinical protocols for professional guidance on the adequate use of magnesium sulfate were lacking in the emergency mobile care service. Magnesium sulfate is currently only administered in referral maternity hospitals. The lack of processes that promote the integration between urgency/emergency care and specialized obstetric care possibly favors the untimely use of magnesium sulfate and contributes to the high maternal morbidity/mortality rates.

  17. The Situation Awareness Weighted Network (SAWN) Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-06-01

    under threat or facing a crisis, perceived or actual [Berger & Calabrese 1975, Afifi & Weiner 2002]. Overall, the research indicates that in...Tenney, Y.J., Pew, R.W. (1995) “Situation awareness and the cognitive management of complex systems”, Human Factors 37: 85–104. Afifi , W.A., Weiner

  18. Los Retos del Mercado Actual

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Quirós Sáenz

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Probablemente la empresa que sobreviva en laeconomía actual, no será la que tenga el mejor productoo servicio, sino la que tenga la mayor eficienciaoperacional y ofrezca un servicio sorprendente paraobtener la lealtad de sus clientes. Pero también, la quetenga ejecutivos de mercadeo con el conocimiento,carácter y determinación, para enfrentar estos retos deuna manera creativa.   ABSTRACT Most probably the companies that will survive presentday’s economy will not be the ones with the better productor service but the ones with greater operational efficiencywho offers outstanding service to attain customer loyalty.But also the companies with marketing executives thatpossess the knowledge, temper and determination to facethese challenges in a creative way.

  19. The logic of actual obligation. An alternative approach to deontic logic

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Voorbraak, F.

    2008-01-01

    In this paper we develop a system of deontic logic (LAO, the logic of actual obligation) with a rather limited scope: we are, only interested in obligations as far as they: are relevant for deciding what actions actually ought to be done in a particular situation, given some normative system N. In f

  20. A customer value analysis of Taiwan ice cream market: a means-end chain approach across consumption situations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Yan-Kwang; Tsai, Pei-Shan; Chiu, Fei-Rung

    2015-01-01

    In the highly competitive market, it is increasingly hard for ice cream stores to develop creative marketing strategies to retain existing customers and attract new ones. This study applies the means-end chain approach to identify the customer value, consequences, and attributes of ice cream and to suggest useful information for ice cream sellers to develop differential marketing strategies across various consumption situations (i.e. on a date, gathering with friends, craving for ice cream). This study conducted one-on-one in-depth interviews with participants. The interview content was subsequently analyzed and coded to produce an implication matrix and a hierarchical value map, which was further used to determine customers' value perceptions. The results indicate the terminal values of the highest strength comprised economy, pleasure, and efficiency. Pleasure was emphasized among consumers who were on a date or gathering with friends, whereas satisfaction was emphasized among consumers who craved ice cream. Based on the results, the study also provides suggestions to the industry and future researchers.

  1. WebOS现状和发展趋势分析%Analysis of Web OS Situation and Development Tendency

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李慧云; 陆钢; 梁柏青; 杨新章

    2014-01-01

    随着智能操作系统和云计算技术的发展,Web OS作为一种新的以云服务为主的智能操作系统已经进入大家的视野。文章从Web OS的产品概念演变开始,分析Web OS早期和现阶段的产品特点,总结现阶段Web OS的发展现状以及将来的发展趋势。%With the development of the intel igent operating system and cloud computing technology, Web OS, which mainly provides cloud services as a new kind of intel igent operating system, has entered into everyone's vision. This paper, starting from the Web OS product concept evolution, analyzes the early and current Web OS product characteristics , summarizes the current Web OS development situation and future development trend.

  2. 福利院老年人营养现况分析%Elderly Nutrition Situation Analysis in Welfare Homes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李会艳; 刘红妹; 卢娟

    2012-01-01

    Inspection of documents, access to questionnaires, and simple nutritional evaluation of 40 elderly conscious in- vestigation to understand the current status of welfare institutions of nutrition for the elderly, provide the basis for welfare homes elderly reasonable diet. Found that the Senior Nutrition current situation is not optimistic, lack of essential nutrients, should improve the nutrition program, coordinated package proportion of nutrition.%文章通过文件查阅法、访问问卷法和简易营养评价法对40名神志清楚的老年人进行调查,以了解福利院老年人的营养状况,为福利院老年人的合理膳食提供依据。发现老年人营养现况不容乐观,基本营养素不足,应改善营养计划,协调套餐中营养比例。

  3. 政府网站安全现状分析%Government Websites Security Present Situation Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵兆

    2014-01-01

    Government website show the government as bet er image, promote a bet er means of local tourism, investment and construction, as the public and businesses to obtain government services and information on the main channel, secure Web site under serious consideration of the issue, the paper mainly from the current total of the government website safety, protective case and the existence of security risks discussed the situation departure.%政府网站作为展示政府形象、宣传当地旅游、投资建设的更好手段,作为社会公众和企业获取政府服务和信息的主要渠道,网站的安全问题受到严峻考虑。文章主要从政府网站目前总本安全情况、防护情况和存在的安全隐患情出发进行论述。

  4. Situación Actual de una Muestra de Psicólogos Egresados de la Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile Occupational Situation of a Sample of Psychologists Graduated From Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ninna Makrinov

    2005-05-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo describe la situación laboral de los psicólogos que realizaron su formación de pregrado en la Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile (PUC. Los datos fueron recolectados a través de una encuesta completada por 237 psicólogos titulados entre los años 1983 y 1999. Los resultados indican que el área de especialización por la cual los alumnos optaron durante el último año de la carrera se perpetúa en el área de desempeño laboral. Además se describen los contenidos de pregrado de mayor uso en el quehacer laboral, así como los cursos previos a la especialización que reportan ser más útiles. Se destaca también la importancia del desarrollo de habilidades interpersonales para el ejercicio de la profesión.The present article describes the occupational situation of the psychologists that received their undergraduate degree at Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile (PUC. The data was collected using surveys completed by 237 psychologists graduated between 1983 and 1999. The results indicate that the specialisation area chosen during the last year of studies by the students is maintained during the later occupational life. The most useful contents of the undergraduate study for professional work, as well as the modules reported to be most useful. The importance of developing interpersonal abilities during undergraduate study for professional practice is also described.

  5. Indication of the incineration situation using image analysis of the grate boilers fireplace; Indikation av foerbraenningssituationen genom bildanalys av rostens eldstad

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Persson, Anna; Helgesson, Johan [Vattenfall Utveckling AB, Aelvkarleby (Sweden)

    2004-12-01

    Vattenfall Utveckling AB has earlier performed tests where the incineration situation in a black liquor recovery boiler (BLRB) has been investigated using a simple water-cooled camera. It was also shown possible to repress emission lines for e.g., sodium. These results led to wishes of performing the same tests in a grate boiler. Initially in the project, an investigation about what effect optical filters has on the image from a camera that captures the incineration situation in a grate boiler. The goal was to improve the conditions for flame front detection using image analysis, i.e., to increase the contrast between flames (the flame front) and no flames (bed, ashes, walls etc.). The result was that the image improvement optical filters were predicted to give, did not happen. The conclusion of the investigation is therefore that the best result is achieved when no information-reducing filters are used in front of the camera. However, for cameras using automatic shutter, intensity-reducing filters are recommended. After that, an image analysis algorithm to automatically detect the location of the flame front on the bed was implemented. The evaluation of the algorithm was successfully performed on movies from three grate boilers. This method should be possible to implement for all types of grate boilers, regardless of size and fuel type. However, the material (e.g., wide angle objective) and the placement of the camera have to be individually adjusted. In a future project, the goal is to be able to reconnect this information about the instant incineration situation to the control system to control e.g., the air supply or the fuel feed. This could lead to lower emissions, higher efficiency and an operation less sensitive against changes in fuel quality.

  6. Developmental Situation Analysis of Chinese Kiteboarding%中国风筝冲浪运动发展势态分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李传兵; 黄达武

    2012-01-01

    国际帆联2012年5月5日公布风筝冲浪将替代帆板列入2016年巴西里约热内卢奥运会项目,面对这一变化,本研究对国内外风筝冲浪发展历史和中国风筝冲浪发展势态进行一些分析,结果表明:中国风筝冲浪项目发展优势有:文化渊源;体制优势;地理优势;种族优势;劣势有:起步相对较晚;理论科研落后;区域经济非衡;同时中国风筝冲浪项目发展的机会有:实施全民健身与发展休闲体育的时代召唤;优势战略转化与备战巴西奥运的路径启示;发展滨海体育与拓展滨海产业的商业导向。%The International Sailing Federation(ISAF) selects kiteboarding to replace windsurfing for Rio 2016 on may 5,2012.Facing the change,this study analyses the history of domestic and overseas development of kiteboarding and developmental situation of Chinese kiteboarding.The results show that the superiority of Chinese kiteboarding include: Cultural origins;Constitution;Geography;Ethnic group;and the weakness comprise: Late starting;Lack of theoretical research;Unbalance development of regional economy;and the opportunity contain: Occasion of implementing nationwide body-building and developing leisure sports;Enlightenment path of transforming advantage strategy and preparing for Rio 2016;Commercial orientation of developing littoral sports and expanding littoral industry.

  7. Characteristics Of Street Children In Cameroon: A Situational Analysis Of Demographic, Socio-Economic And Behavioural Profiles And Challenges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samuel N. Cumber

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The issue of street children is one of the global social problems rising in low- and middle-income countries. These children are vulnerable, but because of a lack of sufficient information, it is very difficult for stakeholders to address their plight in Cameroon.Aim: To examine the situation and characteristics of street children in three Cameroonian cities.Objectives: To describe the demographic, socio-economic and behavioural profiles of street children. To identify challenges of street children and to compare the results from the three cities on account of their different settings, cultural history and challenges.Materials and methods: The study was an analytical cross-sectional survey conducted through researcher-administered questionnaires to 399 street children (homeless for at least a month, in three Cameroonian cities from 1 January 2015 to 30 March 2015.Results: The majority of the participants were boys, more than 70% were homeless for less than 12 months and poverty was found to be the most common reason for being on the street. Most of the participants earned less than 500CFA francs (USD 0.85, with many of them resorting to begging, drug abuse, sex work and other risky behaviours. Only two of the respondents (0.5% regarded the public attitude towards them as supportive.Conclusion: As children roam the streets in search of shelter, food and other basic needs, their future hangs in the balance. Understanding the plight of street children highlights the need for immediate design and implementation of intervention strategies to prevent children from living in the streets and assist those who have become street children.

  8. Characteristics Of Street Children In Cameroon: A Situational Analysis Of Demographic, Socio-Economic And Behavioural Profiles And Challenges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samuel N. Cumber

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The issue of street children is one of the global social problems rising in low- and middle-income countries. These children are vulnerable, but because of a lack of sufficient information, it is very difficult for stakeholders to address their plight in Cameroon.Aim: To examine the situation and characteristics of street children in three Cameroonian cities.Objectives: To describe the demographic, socio-economic and behavioural profiles of street children. To identify challenges of street children and to compare the results from the three cities on account of their different settings, cultural history and challenges.Materials and methods: The study was an analytical cross-sectional survey conducted through researcher-administered questionnaires to 399 street children (homeless for at least a month, in three Cameroonian cities from 1 January 2015 to 30 March 2015.Results: The majority of the participants were boys, more than 70% were homeless for less than 12 months and poverty was found to be the most common reason for being on the street. Most of the participants earned less than 500CFA francs (USD 0.85, with many of them resorting to begging, drug abuse, sex work and other risky behaviours. Only two of the respondents (0.5% regarded the public attitude towards them as supportive.Conclusion: As children roam the streets in search of shelter, food and other basic needs, their future hangs in the balance. Understanding the plight of street children highlights the need for immediate design and implementation of intervention strategies to prevent children from living in the streets and assist those who have become street children.

  9. Characteristics Of Street Children In Cameroon: A Situational Analysis Of Demographic, Socio-Economic And Behavioural Profiles And Challenges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cumber, Samuel N; Tsoka-Gwegweni, Joyce M

    2016-11-18

    The issue of street children is one of the global social problems rising in low- and middle-income countries. These children are vulnerable, but because of a lack of sufficient information, it is very difficult for stakeholders to address their plight in Cameroon. To examine the situation and characteristics of street children in three Cameroonian cities. To describe the demographic, socio-economic and behavioural profiles of street children. To identify challenges of street children and to compare the results from the three cities on account of their different settings, cultural history and challenges. The study was an analytical cross-sectional survey conducted through researcher-administered questionnaires to 399 street children (homeless for at least a month), in three Cameroonian cities from 1 January 2015 to 30 March 2015. The majority of the participants were boys, more than 70% were homeless for less than 12 months and poverty was found to be the most common reason for being on the street. Most of the participants earned less than 500CFA francs (USD 0.85), with many of them resorting to begging, drug abuse, sex work and other risky behaviours. Only two of the respondents (0.5%) regarded the public attitude towards them as supportive. As children roam the streets in search of shelter, food and other basic needs, their future hangs in the balance. Understanding the plight of street children highlights the need for immediate design and implementation of intervention strategies to prevent children from living in the streets and assist those who have become street children.

  10. SITUATIONAL ANALYSIS OF ASHAS WITH RESPECT TO COMPREHENSIVE CHILD SURVIVAL PROGRAMME: A STUDY FROM CHIRAIGAON BLOCK OF DISTRICT VARANASI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Archisman Mohapatra

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Research question: What proportions of the ASHAs are performing according to the training they have received under the Comprehensive Child Survival Programme (CCSP? Objective: To analyze the ASHAs’ practice with respect to CCSP in related situations. Study design: Cross-sectional study. Study location: Chiraigaon Community Development Block, Varanasi Material and method: 173 out of the total 240 ASHAs (~72% in the selected Chiraigaon Community Development Block of Varanasi were randomly selected and interviewed using a pre-designed and pre-tested questionnaire pertinent to CCSP. Only the first response was recorded. Results: All the ASHAs interviewed claimed that the CCSP training has helped them perform better in the community. Ninety-eight percent of the ASHAs knew that a new born weighing >2.5 kgs at birth is considered to be normal. Only ~ 63% (109 of the ASHAs were found to be home-visiting such newborns as per the CCSP recommendation. The percentage was found to be just 43% for the properly scheduled home visits of LBW newborns. The difference was found to be statistically significant (p<0.001. Almost 80% ASHAs estimated that their average home visit spans for at least 30 minutes. Just about a third of the interviewees suggested that a baby should be bathed only after the first 6 days while one-third said that they advise massaging for the newborn only after the first week. ASHAs rarely used a thermometer to assess the baby’s temperature. Around 56% were confident about using a thermometer. Nearly 90% participants claimed of explaining about Kangaroo Mother Care to the parturient and/or family. Majority of the ASHAs (92% emphasized upon non-discontinuation of breast feeding for the baby during diarrhoeal episodes. However, only 44% revisited such babies. Conclusion: In most cases it is well evident that CCSP training has been taken up well by the ASHAs. The training may be refreshed.

  11. Situated Entrepreneurial Cognition

    OpenAIRE

    Dew, Nicholas; Grichnik, Dietmar; Mayer-Haug, Katrin; Read, Stuart; Brinckmann, Jan

    2014-01-01

    The article of record as published may be located at http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ijmr.12051 This paper reviews and integrates research from both within and outside the entrepreneurship field under the label of ‘situated cognition’. Situated cognition is the notion that cognitive activity inherently involves perception and action in the context of a human body situated in a real-world environment. The review concentrates on three areas of the situated cognition literature that hav...

  12. Tendencias Actuales del Constitucionalismo Latinoamericano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Carpizo

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available El artículo analiza los cambios constitucionales que ha habido en América Latina y que han tenido incidencia directa en el progreso de la democracia en la región; de esta manera, hace una amplia comparación de la creación de instituciones que persiguen este fin en los diferentes estados. Desde una definición amplia y actual de democracia, se revelan sus principales focos de peligro como la ilegitimidad del Estado de derecho o la percepción de corrupción predominante en la población. El escrito hace un estudio de los atributos más importantes que pueden encontrarse actualmente en esta parte del continente, y no todos ellos parecen ser siempre optimistas; tal es el caso, por ejemplo, de los referendos cuando no son conducidos conforme a la ley o los no siempre exitosos gobiernos divididos y de coalición. Es claro que el avance en materia de democracia ha sido significativo en los últimos treinta años, pero aún existen factores de riesgo que no deben perderse de vista puesto que resulta imperativo seguir el camino sin retroceder.

  13. Tendencias actuales del constitucionalismo latinoamericano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Carpizo

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available El artículo analiza los cambios constitucionales que ha habido en América Latina y que han tenido incidencia directa en el progreso de la democracia en la región; de esta manera, hace una amplia comparación de la creación de instituciones que persiguen este fin en los diferentes estados. Desde una definición amplia y actual de democracia, se revelan sus principales focos de peligro como la ilegitimidad del Estado de derecho o la percepción de corrupción predominante en la población. El escrito hace un estudio de los atributos más importantes que pueden encontrarse actualmente en esta parte del continente, y no todos ellos parecen ser siempre optimistas; tal es el caso, por ejemplo, de los referendos cuando no son conducidos conforme a la ley o los no siempre exitosos gobiernos divididos y de coalición. Es claro que el avance en materia de democracia ha sido significativo en los últimos treinta años, pero aún existen factores de riesgo que no deben perderse de vista puesto que resulta imperativo seguir el camino sin retroceder.

  14. The situation analysis of the international relations management and inter-university collaboration in Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Iran, during the years 2005-2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alireza Farajollahi

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Nowadays, with the development of science and communication, collaboration with other countriesand universities seems inevitable to universities. The aim of this study was to analyze the situation of internationalrelations management and inter-university collaboration (IRM-IUC in Tabriz University of Medical Sciences (TUMS,Iran, during the years 2005-2010. METHODS: In this descriptive study, one checklist was used for analysis of the inter-university collaboration management and another one for the situation analysis of international relations management which included 4 sections itself. There were a total of 56 questions designed and developed through literature review and the expert panel.RESULTS: The results indicated the poor performance of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences in the international relations management and inter-university collaboration fields. Most of the reviewed items had not been adequatelypaid attention to in the management of international relations and only one out of 14 evaluated items was considered inthe field of inter-university collaboration. CONCLUSIONS: In line with the overall globalization process, education and research have also become globalizedprocesses, and as a result, it is necessary for universities to develop effective ties and relationships with otherorganizations. However, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences has not been doing quite optimally in this regard. Thus,it is suggested that, based on the shortcomings pointed out in this study, new appropriate plans and policies be set todevelop fruitful and effective relations and correspondences with other universities and countries.

  15. 农村初中生作文现状分析及对策%Current Situation Analysis and Countermeasures of Rural Junior High School Essay

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李笔锋

    2014-01-01

    How to teach writing courses have become troubled by the majority of junior high school language teacher cur-rently a major problem, and this situation is even more prominent in rural junior high school. New Curriculum requirements:Students should be close to the actual teaching of writing, so that students easy to write, ask students to tell the truth, the truth, the truth, do not tell lies, empty words, and clichés. How can we do it? For many problems in terms of students' writing, com-bined with years of teaching experience, I believe that rural junior high school teaching writing must recognize the new situ-ation and start to mobilize the enthusiasm of the students' writing from the culture interest in writing, focusing on student life and practice reading accumulation, the use of flexible composition assessment methods in order to effectively improve the level of writing.%如何上好写作课已成为当前困扰广大初中语文老师的一大难题,而这种情况在农村初中更是突出。新课标要求:写作教学要贴近学生实际,让学生易于动笔,要求学生说真话、实话、心里话,不说假话、空话、套话。如何才能做到呢?针对学生写作方面存在的诸多问题,结合多年来的教学实践,笔者认为,农村初中作文教学必须认清新形势,从培养写作兴趣入手来调动学生的写作积极性,注重学生的生活实践和阅读积累,运用灵活多样的作文评改方式,才能切实提高作文水平。

  16. The actual goals of geoethics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nemec, Vaclav

    2014-05-01

    The most actual goals of geoethics have been formulated as results of the International Conference on Geoethics (October 2013) held at the geoethics birth-place Pribram (Czech Republic): In the sphere of education and public enlightenment an appropriate needed minimum know how of Earth sciences should be intensively promoted together with cultivating ethical way of thinking and acting for the sustainable well-being of the society. The actual activities of the Intergovernmental Panel of Climate Changes are not sustainable with the existing knowledge of the Earth sciences (as presented in the results of the 33rd and 34th International Geological Congresses). This knowledge should be incorporated into any further work of the IPCC. In the sphere of legislation in a large international co-operation following steps are needed: - to re-formulate the term of a "false alarm" and its legal consequences, - to demand very consequently the needed evaluation of existing risks, - to solve problems of rights of individuals and minorities in cases of the optimum use of mineral resources and of the optimum protection of the local population against emergency dangers and disasters; common good (well-being) must be considered as the priority when solving ethical dilemmas. The precaution principle should be applied in any decision making process. Earth scientists presenting their expert opinions are not exempted from civil, administrative or even criminal liabilities. Details must be established by national law and jurisprudence. The well known case of the L'Aquila earthquake (2009) should serve as a serious warning because of the proven misuse of geoethics for protecting top Italian seismologists responsible and sentenced for their inadequate superficial behaviour causing lot of human victims. Another recent scandal with the Himalayan fossil fraud will be also documented. A support is needed for any effort to analyze and to disclose the problems of the deformation of the contemporary

  17. E. Ostrom’s SES Framework to Understand the Factors of Successful and Unsuccessful Situation in the SES: A meta-analysis of community forests in Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arturo Lara Rivero

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The social-ecological systems are inherently complex and their destruction is highly due to a limited understanding of the processes that lead to their improvements in or deterioration. In an effort to respond to this problem, E. Ostrom and colleagues associated with the Workshop in Political Theory and Policy Analysis at Indiana University developed a Social-Ecological System (SES framework. however, even if the importance of SES framework to enhance the sustainability of complex social-ecological systems is highly accepted, its implication to understand the functionality of the SESs which may leads to successful or unsuccessful situations is still lacking. In this paper, referring to the context of decomposability of complex systems, and using E. Ostrom SES framework theory and a meta-analysis of 31 case studies of community forests in Mexico, the importance of using this framework in the course of explaining variable interactions and configurations to achieve desired system outcomes is explained.

  18. Teaching Practice Trends Regarding the Teaching of the Design Process within a South African Context: A Situation Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Potgieter, Calvyn

    2013-01-01

    In this article an analysis is made of the responses of 95 technology education teachers, 14 technology education lecturers and 25 design practitioners to questionnaires regarding the teaching and the application of the design process. The main purpose of the questionnaires is to determine whether there are any trends regarding the strategies and…

  19. Probabilistic risk analysis in manufacturing situational operation: application of modelling techniques and causal structure to improve safety performance.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jose Cristiano Pereira

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The use of probabilistic risk analysis in jet engines manufacturing process is essential to prevent failure. The objective of this study is to present a probabilistic risk analysis model to analyze the safety of this process. The standard risk assessment normally conducted is inadequate to address the risks. To remedy this problem, the model presented in this paper considers the effects of human, software and calibration reliability in the process. Bayesian Belief Network coupled to a Bow Tie diagram is used to identify potential engine failure scenarios. In this context and to meet this objective, an in depth literature research was conducted to identify the most appropriate modeling techniques and an interview were conducted with experts. As a result of this study, this paper presents a model that combines fault tree analysis, event tree analysis and a Bayesian Belief Networks into a single model that can be used by decision makers to identify critical risk factors in order to allocate resources to improve the safety of the system. The model is delivered in the form of a computer assisted decision tool supported by subject expert estimates.

  20. Participation, Hybridity, and Carnival: A Situated Analysis of a Dynamic Literacy Practice in a Primary-Grade English Immersion Class.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manyak, Patrick C.

    2001-01-01

    Examines native Spanish-speaking students' participation in a dynamic literacy practice in a primary-grade English immersion class established by Proposition 227, which mandates English-only instruction. Elaborates three principles that enable the analysis of literacy acquisition as a process dependent on the commingling of social relations,…

  1. Phenomenology and Curriculum Implementation: Discerning a Living Curriculum through the Analysis of Ted Aoki's Situational Praxis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Magrini, James M.

    2015-01-01

    The argumentation in this paper is grounded in a critical and conceptual analysis of Ted Aoki's phenomenology, wherein curriculum is read as "phenomenological text." The problem explored emerges from Aoki's critique of the Tyler rationale for curriculum design, implementation and evaluation as it is conceived and practised in…

  2. Teaching Practice Trends Regarding the Teaching of the Design Process within a South African Context: A Situation Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Potgieter, Calvyn

    2013-01-01

    In this article an analysis is made of the responses of 95 technology education teachers, 14 technology education lecturers and 25 design practitioners to questionnaires regarding the teaching and the application of the design process. The main purpose of the questionnaires is to determine whether there are any trends regarding the strategies and…

  3. Estado actual de la periurbanización y el habitat periurbano en Manizales (Colombia Current Situation of Peri-Urbanization and Peri-Urban Habitat in Manizales (Colombia Estado atual da periurbanização e do habitat periurbano em Manizales (Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Leonardo González Plazas

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Resumen Este artículo es un aporte a la discusión sobre la evolución de periferias urbanas en medios montañosos. El estudio se localizó en los alrededores de la ciudad de Manizales, Colombia. Se propone una metodología compuesta por fases de: estructura, forma y función, a partir de compo-nentes físicos y sociales a fin de definir hábitats periurbanos. El resultado, es la descripción de una serie de unidades de hábitat denominadas holones de funcionamiento periurbano, establecidos en periferias de borde y suburbana de la ciudad. Que, conjuntamente, manifiestan situaciones de fragmentación socioespacial. Este artículo colabora en la comprensión de la propagación urbana en la ecoregión del eje cafetero, como propuesta metodológica para estudios socioespaciales en hábitat y como referencia para políticas urbanas locales sobre el manejo ambiental, planeación de la expansión urbana y el tratamiento del riesgo físico y social local, en la periferia de la ciudad de Manizales. Abstract This article is a contribution to the discussion on the development of urban peripheries in mountainous environments. The study was performed around the city of Manizales, Colombia, following a three-phase methodology: structure, form and function, starting from physical and social components in order to define peri-urban dwelling. The result is the description of a series of habitat units called “holón”, neighborhoods situated in peripherical and suburban areas of Manizales, which, when studied together, prove socio-spatial fragmentation. This article contributes to the understanding of urban growth patterns in the coffee-growing region of Colombia. Its methodology is applicable to socio-spatial studies on habitat, local urban policies on environmental management, planning of urban expansion and physical and social risk management. Resumo Este artículo é uma contribuição à discussão sobre a evolução de periferias urbanas em meios

  4. Cyber situation awareness and teamwork

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nancy J. Cooke

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Cyber analysis is a complex task that requires the coordination of a large sociotechnical system of human analysts working together with technology. Adequate situation awareness of such a complex system requires more than aggregate situation awareness of individuals. Teamwork in the form of communication and information coordination is at the heart of team-level situation awareness. In this position paper, we report observations from previously conducted cognitive task analyses that suggest that teamwork is lacking in many cyber analysis organizations. Communication is ineffective, team roles are inconsistent across organizations, reward structures and selection may thwart collaboration, and the environment is conducive to individual work. Suggestions for improving teamwork in the cyber domain are offered.

  5. The France energy situation; La situation energetique de la France

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-07-01

    This analysis of the french energy situation provides information and key data on some key facts about the energy in France, the France energy supply and demand, the major principles of energy policy, the challenges of french energy policy and the DGEMP (general directorate for energy and raw materials). (A.L.B.)

  6. Situating Emotional Experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christine D Wilson-Mendenhall

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Psychological construction approaches to emotion suggest that emotional experience is situated and dynamic. Fear, for example, is typically studied in a physical danger context (e.g., threatening snake, but in the real world, it often occurs in social contexts, especially those involving social evaluation (e.g., public speaking. Understanding situated emotional experience is critical because adaptive responding is guided by situational context (e.g., inferring the intention of another in a social evaluation situation vs. monitoring the environment in a physical danger situation. In an fMRI study, we assessed situated emotional experience using a newly developed paradigm in which participants vividly imagine different scenarios from a first-person perspective, in this case scenarios involving either social evaluation or physical danger. We hypothesized that distributed neural patterns would underlie immersion in social evaluation and physical danger situations, with shared activity patterns across both situations in multimodal sensory regions and in circuitry involved in integrating salient sensory information, and with unique activity patterns for each situation type in coordinated large-scale networks that reflect situated responding. More specifically, we predicted that networks underlying the social inference and mentalizing involved in responding to a social threat (in regions that make up the default mode network would be reliably more active during social evaluation situations. In contrast, networks underlying the visuospatial attention and action planning involved in responding to a physical threat would be reliably more active during physical danger situations. The results supported these hypotheses. In line with emerging psychological construction approaches, the findings suggest that coordinated brain networks offer a systematic way to interpret the distributed patterns that underlie the diverse situational contexts characterizing

  7. Analysis on Current Situation of Moral Education in Higher Vocational Education%高等职业教育中德育现状分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毛凤麟

    2012-01-01

    The higher vocational education is an important part of our country's higher education system, and the ideological and moral education towards higher vocational college students has its own rule and features. From three aspects of the ideological and moral features of college students, the cur- rent situation of moral education in higher vocational education and cause analysis, this paper focuses on the basic situation of moral education which will be the fatal line of the existence and development of higher vocational education.%高等职业教育作为我国高等教育的重要组成部分,学生的思想道德教育也有其自身的规律和特点。该文从高职大学生的思想道德特点、高职教育中德育现状及原因分析三个方面剖析了目前高等职业教育中德育的基本情况,提出德育工作是高职教育生存和发展的生命线。

  8. Analysis the Situation and Development of Children' s Television Programs%浅析我国少儿电视节目现状及发展趋势

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋奇洋

    2012-01-01

    With the social development and progress, children contacts to mass media became smaller and smaller, the frequency gradually higher. In modern life, television experiences as a" mobile privatization" already established an integral relationship with the children. In this situation, this essay will analysis children's programs situation and development trend and starting from the children' s perspective and psychological dynamics to research how to provide a positive, healthy, colorful TV programs for children.%随着社会的发展与进步,少儿接触大众传播媒介的年龄逐渐变小,接触的频率也逐步提高,电视作为一种"流动藏私"的现代生活体验[1],已经与儿童已经建立起了不可分割的关系。在这种情况之下,本文旨在剖析我国少儿节目发展现状和发展趋势,从少儿的视角和心理动态出发,研究怎样更好的为少儿提供积极健康,丰富多彩的电视节目。

  9. Association of Situational and Environmental Factors With Last Episode of Unprotected Anal Intercourse Among MSM in Hong Kong: A Case-Crossover Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lau, Joseph T F; Mo, Phoenix K H; Gu, Jing; Hao, Chun; Lai, CoCo H Y

    2016-02-01

    This study investigates event-specific factors that differentiate the last episodes of unprotected anal intercourse (UAI) from protected anal intercourse (PAI) with regular partner (RP) among 213 men who have sex with men (MSM) who did not use condoms consistently using case-crossover analysis. Factors positively associated with the last episode of UAI with RP included: two situational factors (i.e., participant's suggestion to have UAI, alcohol use) and three environmental/setting factors (i.e., sex took place overseas, during a weekday and not at home). Negative associations with an episode of UAI with RP included: five situational factors (i.e., discussion about condom use prior to sex, RP's suggestion to have PAI, participant's suggestion to have PAI, perception that RP would like to use a condom, participant's planning to use a condom) and two environmental/setting factors (i.e., condoms placed at the venue where sex took place, partner possessed a condom). Thus, these significant event-specific factors explained under which circumstances some MSM would use and would not use condoms during anal sex with RP.

  10. Incidence of difficult airway situations during prehospital airway management by emergency physicians--a retrospective analysis of 692 consecutive patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thoeni, Nils; Piegeler, Tobias; Brueesch, Martin; Sulser, Simon; Haas, Thorsten; Mueller, Stefan M; Seifert, Burkhardt; Spahn, Donat R; Ruetzler, Kurt

    2015-05-01

    In the prehospital setting, advanced airway management is challenging as it is frequently affected by facial trauma, pharyngeal obstruction or limited access to the patient and/or the patient's airway. Therefore, incidence of prehospital difficult airway management is likely to be higher compared to the in-hospital setting and success rates of advanced airway management range between 80 and 99%. 3961 patients treated by an emergency physician in Zurich, Switzerland were included in this retrospective analysis in order to determine the incidence of a difficult airway along with potential circumstantial risk factors like gender, necessity of CPR, NACA score, GCS, use and type of muscle relaxant and use of hypnotic drugs. 692 patients underwent advanced prehospital airway management. Seven patients were excluded due to incomplete or incongruent documentation, resulting in 685 patients included in the statistical analysis. Difficult intubation was recorded in 22 patients, representing an incidence of a difficult airway of 3.2%. Of these 22 patients, 15 patients were intubated successfully, whereas seven patients (1%) had to be ventilated with a bag valve mask during the whole procedure. In this physician-led service one out of five prehospital patients requires airway management. Incidence of advanced prehospital difficult airway management is 3.2% and eventual success rate is 99%, if performed by trained emergency physicians. A total of 1% of all prehospital intubation attempts failed and alternative airway device was necessary. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  11. 2004年东南亚地区安全形势分析%An Analysis on the Security Situation in Southeast Asian Region in 2004

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李红甫

    2005-01-01

    The article analyses the security situation of Southeast Asian Region in 2004 from the following aspects, which are antiterrorist situation and cooperation, joint military maneuver, military modernization and the internal turbulence in the area and together with an outlook of the security situation there in 2005.

  12. An Analysis of the Military Situation in Southeast Asian Region in 2003%2003年东南亚地区军事形势分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李红甫

    2004-01-01

    This article analyses the military situation of Southeast Asian Region in 2003 from the following five aspects, which are antiterrorist situation and cooperation, military modernization, joint military maneuver, the military, presence of the Utilted States and the unseen troubles among the states of the Region. It also makes an outlook of the military situation there in 2004.

  13. Situational method engineering

    CERN Document Server

    Henderson-Sellers, Brian; Ågerfalk, Pär J; Rossi, Matti

    2014-01-01

    While previously available methodologies for software ? like those published in the early days of object technology ? claimed to be appropriate for every conceivable project, situational method engineering (SME) acknowledges that most projects typically have individual characteristics and situations. Thus, finding the most effective methodology for a particular project needs specific tailoring to that situation. Such a tailored software development methodology needs to take into account all the bits and pieces needed for an organization to develop software, including the software process, the

  14. 我国电子商务发展态势的实证分析%Empirical Analysis of E-commerce Development Situation inOur Country

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴方

    2014-01-01

    The article analyzes the problems existing in the electronic commerce development in our country and the causes affecting the development of e-commerce, and puts forward the corresponding solutions. This paper further completes the forecast of the development trend of e-commerce in the future based on the investigation and analysis of current situation of electronic commerce development in our country.%文章对我国电子商务发展中存在的问题以及影响电子商务发展的原因,并提出相应的解决措施。并在调查和分析我国2011年电子商务发展现状的基础上,进一步完成了对我国未来电子商务发展趋势的预测。

  15. Analysis of the Domestic Market Situation and Demands of Yoga Clothes%我国瑜伽服市场现状及需求分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高雪梅; 王建萍

    2011-01-01

    Combined with the current market situation of domestic Yoga clothes,it researched comfort evaluations and demands of Yoga practitioners by questionnaire investigation.The statistical analysis showed that when choosing Yoga clothes,the majority of practitioners placed most importance to fabric and structure,and hoped to improve the comfort of Yoga clothes by structural optimization.%通过调查问卷结合瑜珈服市场现状调研了瑜伽修习者对裤装的需求和舒适性评价。统计分析得出,多数修习者在选择瑜伽服时最看重面料和结构,希望通过结构优化来提升瑜伽服的舒适性。

  16. Current Situation Analysis of Medical Students' Graduation Thesis%医学生毕业论文现况分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李江滨; 刘正婷; 谢媛媛; 石火颜

    2016-01-01

    Graduation thesis is an important link of teaching work in higher medical colleges and universities, which is the main basis to test the students' comprehensive quality and school teaching quality. This article through the questionnaire survey method to understand the status of medical students graduation thesis, analysis of the factors affecting the quality of graduation thesis, to improve the quality of graduation thesis put forward related suggestions.%毕业论文是高等医学院校教学工作的重要环节,是检验学生综合素质和学校教学质量的主要依据。本文通过抽样问卷的调查方式了解医学生毕业论文现状,分析影响毕业论文质量的因素,为提高毕业论文质量提出相关建议。

  17. Information and education in schistosomiasis control: an analysis of the situation in the State of Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schall Virgínia

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the main ideas discussed in the round-table "Social and Educacional Aspects of Schistosomiasis Control", during the VII International Symposium of Schistosomiais. Considering the perspectives of schistosomiasis control in Brazil, it is described the example of the State of Minas Gerais , where the disease has been registered for more than seven decades. The importance of an extensive evaluation is now more important, considering the recent change in the Brazilian health system, since the Federal responsibility for the tropical diseases control programs have been replaced by the municipalities coordination. In this way, it is urgent to develop effective alternatives to assist the municipal staffs in the control task. In the specific case of health education, one observes a wide gap between the planned objectives and what is in fact carried out. Instant objectives and the utilization of traditional techniques prevail, which do not take into account the active participation of the population involved. Based on the authors' experience in the scientific and health education, the paper analyzes: (1 some data from a case study in the metropolitan region of Belo Horizonte, which presents the social representation and perception of schistosomiasis by the population; (2 an analysis of 35 different informative and educative materials used in Brazil since the sixties, and (3 some recommendations resulted from the studies that were carried out.

  18. ANSYS Workbench的应用现状及分析%Current Situation and Analysis of ANSYS Workbench

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    喻永巽

    2014-01-01

    ANSYS Workbench,a collaborative simulation platform launched by ANSYSTM,not only retains the core technology of classic ANSYS (ANSYS Classic),but also shows compatibility with the mainstream of CAD software. For example,it integrates with the powerful 3D modeling capacities supplied by UG, Pro/E and Fieldworks software. What is more, it takes the advantage of ISIGHT, LMS and other CAE software in simulation,optimization,and analysis. Modeling experience could be immediately shared within the enterprises, enabled by the powerful data management and its interactive functions. This paper mainly focuses on the current application of ANSYS Workbench.%ANSYS Workbench作为ANSYS公司推出的多物理协同仿真环境平台,具有与经典ANSYS (ANSYS Classic)核心产品完全统一的核心技术,而且结合了主流CAD软件,如UG、Pro/E、Fieldworks强大的三维建模功能和ISIGHT、LMS等CAE软件在仿真、优化、分析方面的优势,其强大的数据管理、交互功能可以使知识和经验在工作组间与企业内实现共享。主要探讨AN-SYS Workbench的应用现状及分析。

  19. Situational analysis of teaching and learning of medicine and nursing students at Makerere University College of Health Sciences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kiguli Juliet

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Makerere University College of Health Sciences (MakCHS in Uganda is undergoing a major reform to become a more influential force in society. It is important that its medicine and nursing graduates are equipped to best address the priority health needs of the Ugandan population, as outlined in the government’s Health Sector Strategic Plan (HSSP. The assessment identifies critical gaps in the core competencies of the MakCHS medicine and nursing and ways to overcome them in order to achieve HSSP goals. Methods Documents from the Uganda Ministry of Health were reviewed, and medicine and nursing curricula were analyzed. Nineteen key informant interviews (KII and seven focus group discussions (FGD with stakeholders were conducted. The data were manually analyzed for emerging themes and sub-themes. The study team subsequently used the checklists to create matrices summarizing the findings from the KIIs, FGDs, and curricula analysis. Validation of findings was done by triangulating information from the different data collection methods. Results The core competencies that medicine and nursing students are expected to achieve by the end of their education were outlined for both programs. The curricula are in the process of reform towards competency-based education, and on the surface, are well aligned with the strategic needs of the country. But implementation is inadequate, and can be changed: • Learning objectives need to be more applicable to achieving competencies. • Learning experiences need to be more relevant for competencies and setting in which students will work after graduation (i.e. not just clinical care in a tertiary care facility. • Student evaluation needs to be better designed for assessing these competencies. Conclusion MakCHS has made a significant attempt to produce relevant, competent nursing and medicine graduates to meet the community needs. Ways to make them more effective though deliberate efforts to

  20. Bio-medical waste management: situational analysis & predictors of performances in 25 districts across 20 Indian States

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    INCLEN Program Evaluation Network (IPEN study group, New Delhi, India

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background & objectives: A legislative framework for bio-medical waste management (BMWM was established in the country more than a decade ago. Though some studies have identified gaps at local levels, no systematic effort was done to collect data from different parts of the country. The objective of this nationwide study was to document existing resources, infrastructure and practices related to BMWM across the study districts. Methods: The study was conducted in 25 districts spread over 20 States of India including urban and rural areas. Primary (n=388, secondary (n=25 and tertiary care (n=24 health facilities from public (n=238 and private (n=199 sector were assessed and scored for the state of BMWM through 9 items representing system capacity, availability of resources and processes in place. Health facilities were assigned into one of the three categories (Red, Yellow and Green based on the cumulative median scores. Results: Around 82 per cent of primary, 60 per cent of secondary and 54 per cent of tertiary care health facilities were in the ′RED′ category. Multivariate analysis indicated that charts at the point of waste generation, availability of designated person, appropriate containers and bags, availability of functional needle destroyers, availability of personal protective gears, segregation of waste at point of generation and log book maintenance were independently (OR-between 1.2-1.55; P <0.03 or less associated with better BMWM system in the health facilities. This was true for both rural-urban and public or private health facilities. Interpretation & conclusions: The study highlighted the urgent need for greater commitments at policy and programme levels for capacity building, and resource investments in BMWM.

  1. Health systems context(s) for integrating mental health into primary health care in six Emerald countries: a situation analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mugisha, James; Abdulmalik, Jibril; Hanlon, Charlotte; Petersen, Inge; Lund, Crick; Upadhaya, Nawaraj; Ahuja, Shalini; Shidhaye, Rahul; Mntambo, Ntokozo; Alem, Atalay; Gureje, Oye; Kigozi, Fred

    2017-01-01

    Mental, neurological and substance use disorders contribute to a significant proportion of the world's disease burden, including in low and middle income countries (LMICs). In this study, we focused on the health systems required to support integration of mental health into primary health care (PHC) in Ethiopia, India, Nepal, Nigeria, South Africa and Uganda. A checklist guided by the World Health Organization Assessment Instrument for Mental Health Systems (WHO-AIMS) was developed and was used for data collection in each of the six countries participating in the Emerging mental health systems in low and middle-income countries (Emerald) research consortium. The documents reviewed were from the following domains: mental health legislation, health policies/plans and relevant country health programs. Data were analyzed using thematic content analysis. Three of the study countries (Ethiopia, Nepal, Nigeria, and Uganda) were working towards developing mental health legislation. South Africa and India were ahead of other countries, having enacted recent Mental Health Care Act in 2004 and 2016, respectively. Among all the 6 study countries, only Nepal, Nigeria and South Africa had a standalone mental health policy. However, other countries had related health policies where mental health was mentioned. The lack of fully fledged policies is likely to limit opportunities for resource mobilization for the mental health sector and efforts to integrate mental health into PHC. Most countries were found to be allocating inadequate budgets from the health budget for mental health, with South Africa (5%) and Nepal (0.17%) were the countries with the highest and lowest proportions of health budgets spent on mental health, respectively. Other vital resources that support integration such as human resources and health facilities for mental health services were found to be in adequate in all the study countries. Monitoring and evaluation systems to support the integration of mental

  2. Risk Mapping and Situational Analysis of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in an Endemic Area of Central Iran: A GIS-Based Survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abedi-Astaneh, Fatemeh; Hajjaran, Homa; Yaghoobi-Ershadi, Mohammad Reza; Hanafi-Bojd, Ahmad Ali; Mohebali, Mehdi; Shirzadi, Mohammad Reza; Rassi, Yavar; Akhavan, Amir Ahmad; Mahmoudi, Bagher

    2016-01-01

    Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is among the top 10 infectious disease priorities in the world, and the leading cause of morbidity in Iran. The present study was conducted to assess the risk of CL, and to determine some epidemiological features of the disease in endemic areas of Qom Province in Central Iran during 2009 to 2013. Data regarding human cases of the disease were obtained from the Qom Province Health Center, prepared and stored in a spatial database created in ArcGIS10.3. A total of 9 out of 212 Leishmania spp. positive slides taken in 2013 from patients residing in Qom city were examined using molecular methods and the species of Leishmania was identified by PCR-RFLP. Those 9 patients had no history of travel outside the city. Spatial analysis and clustering methods were applied to find major hot spots and susceptible areas for the establishment of novel foci of the disease. Transmission patterns were examined for spatial autocorrelation using the Moran's I statistical application, and for the clustering of high or low values using the Getis-Ord Gi* statistics. During the period of study, a total of 1767 CL cases were passively reported in the area, out of which were 65% males and 35% females. The highest and lowest numbers of cases were reported in 2010 and 2013, respectively. Importantly, 979 cases were reported from urban areas, while the remainder came from rural areas. Leishmania major was detected as the causative agent of CL in the city of Qom. Remarkably, most patients recorded in Qom city were associated with a history of travel to the endemic areas of CL within the province, or to other endemic areas of the disease in Iran. Spatial distribution of CL cases revealed northeastern and southwestern quarters of the city were the major hot spots of the disease (Panalysis across the province indicated that more than 40 villages were located in high and very high risk areas of CL transmission. Due to the existence of hot spots (P<0.05) of CL in

  3. Situational Behavior Modeling

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-06-30

    von Mises [27] in 1949 and Bunge [28] in the 1970s. However, the earliest formal notion of situation (although not situation awareness) was introduced...Action: A Treatise on Economics. Fox & Wilkes, 1997. 28 M. Bunge . Treatise on basic philosophy. III: Ontology: The furniture of the world. Reidel

  4. A Situational Maintenance Model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Luxhoj, James T.; Thorsteinsson, Uffe; Riis, Jens Ove

    1997-01-01

    An overview of trend in maintenance management and presentation of a situational model and an analytical tools for identification of managerial efforts in maintenance.......An overview of trend in maintenance management and presentation of a situational model and an analytical tools for identification of managerial efforts in maintenance....

  5. A Situational Maintenance Model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Luxhoj, James T.; Thorsteinsson, Uffe; Riis, Jens Ove

    1997-01-01

    An overview of trend in maintenance management and presentation of a situational model and an analytical tools for identification of managerial efforts in maintenance.......An overview of trend in maintenance management and presentation of a situational model and an analytical tools for identification of managerial efforts in maintenance....

  6. The Rhetorical Situation Revisited.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garret, Mary; Xiao, Xiaosui

    1993-01-01

    Reviews and redefines a concept known as the "rhetorical situation" through an examination of the political discourse of China during the 19th-century Opium Wars. Arrives at three alterations to the "rhetorical situation" concerning the role of the audience, the role of the culture's discourse tradition, and the interactive and organic nature of…

  7. Interactive Purchasing Situations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Groote Schaarsberg, M.; Borm, P.E.M.; Hamers, H.J.M.; Reijnierse, J.H.

    2012-01-01

    Abstract: This paper introduces a new class of interactive cooperative purchasing situations and provides an explicit alternative characterization of the nucleolus of cooperative games, which offers an alternative to Kohlberg (1971). In our cooperative purchasing situation, the unit price of a commo

  8. Situated learning - beyond apprenticeship and social constructionism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Gerd

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to discuss the theoretical and philosophical fundament of Jean Lave & Etienne Wenger’s theory of ’situated learning’. In Denmark, the theory has been categorized under as different paradigms as a theory of learning as ‘apprenticeship’ and as ‘social constructionism......’. This may seem as a theoretical discussion without any implications for an actual practice. But, as it will be argued in the paper, the perception of the theory has fundamental consequences for how it is considered to contribute to the understanding of learning and to analyses of learning in an actual...... context. The paper can, thus, be considered as not only a contribution to a narrow discussion of ‘situated learning’, but also to the wider discussion of how to conceptualize ‘learning’ as such. In addition, the paper discusses some of the analytical perspectives, which are at stake in some of the other...

  9. 制度因素与高管胜任素质——基于招聘广告的内容分析%System Situation Factors and Executives Competency Research --Based on the Content of the Advertisement Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王鑫; 张再生

    2012-01-01

    针对高管胜任素质研究缺乏对外部制度情境分析的现状,本文从制度理论和高阶理论出发,以中国经济转轨、制度变迁时期各地区制度建设的不平衡为基础,探讨当企业所处的制度情境不同时,其所需高管胜任素质的差异。本文以上市公司发布的招聘广告作为研究对象,从人才需求的角度出发,采用文本分析法,通过统计研究发现:(1)相对于市场协调制度下的企业,行政协调制度下的高管需要具备更良好的教育背景、更高的社会责任感;(2)相对于行政协调制度下的企业高管,市场协调制度下的企业需要其高管具有更强的开拓创新意识和更优良的政治素质。%Top managers (executive)is the most important enterprise human resources. Some scholars have proposed the concept of Executives, only have the right competence that match the strategic goals and organization needs can make full use of efficient management talent. There is another important question: the influence of the situation factors and the "matchirig" between it and executives: different situations need for variant competence CEO. In China's transition economy situation, the enterprise context is complex and varied, this system provide the conditions to study the situation factors influence of the executives competence. Content analysis method is a kind of objective content to spread, system and quantitative description method of study. Its essence is to spread the content contains information and the changes of analysis, the characterization meaningful words that accurate meaning of the process. The recruitment advertisement enterprise demand of talents is the most intuitive express way, and is also the beginning of enterprise selection talents. From the analysis to the advertisement , we can find the changes and trends, of enterprise needs. Through an empirical analysis of the conclusions of the following

  10. Legal and actual central bank independence

    OpenAIRE

    Artha, I.K.D.S.; de Haan, J.

    2010-01-01

    Indicators of central bank independence (CBI) based on the interpretation central bank laws in place may not capture the actual independence of the central bank. This paper develops an indicator of actual independence of the Bank Indonesia (BI), the central bank of Indonesia, for the period 1953-2008 and compares it with a new legal CBI indicator based on Cukierman (1992). The indicator of actual independence captures institutional and economic factors that affect CBI. We find that before 199...

  11. Teachers' professional judgement in real teaching situations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mikkelsen, Sidse Hølvig; Daugbjerg, Peer; Sommer, Lise

    2015-01-01

    Teachers' daily work is complex consisting of teaching, dialogue with pupils, principals, colleagues, parents besides a variety of daily supervision tasks. This entails that the teachers' workdays are loaded with judgements, evaluations, reflections and actions founded on reasonable considerations...... as well as unconscious and they are expressed bodily and verbally. The presentation will discuss methodological approach on how to investigate teachers' professional judgement. We will use video recordings of actual teaching situations to generate dialogue with the participating teachers. The dialogue...

  12. Health Effects of Environmental Exposures, Occupational Hazards and Climate Change in Ethiopia: Synthesis of Situational Analysis, Needs Assessment and the Way Forward.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berhane, Kiros; Kumie, Abera; Samet, Jonathan

    2016-01-01

    The burden of diseases caused by environmental and occupational health hazards and the effects of global climate change are of growing concerns in Ethiopia. However, no adequate information seems to be available on the current situation. This means there is a critical gap in research, policy framework and implementation in the country. The purpose of this paper was to synthesize evidence from a systematic situational analysis and needs assessment to help establish a hub for research and training on three major themes and their related policy frameworks: air pollution and health, occupational health and safety and climate change and health. The methods used in this work include a systematic review of secondary data from peer-reviewed literature, thesis reports from academia, government and national statistical reports. Limited primary data based on key informant interviews held with major stakeholders were also used as sources of data. Exposures to high levels of indoor and outdoor air pollutants were found to be major sources of public health challenges. Lack of occupational safety and health due to agricultural activities and exposure to industries was found to be substantial. Worse is the growing fear that climate change will pose increasingly significant multidimensional challenges to the environment and public health. Across all three areas of focus, there was a paucity of information on local scientific evidence. There is also very limited trained skilled manpower and physical infrastructure to monitor the environment and enforce regulatory guidelines. Research, policy frameworks and regulatory mechanisms were among the cross-cutting issues that needed urgent attention. Critical gaps were observed in research and training across the three themes. Also, there is a limitation in implementing the link between policy and related regulations in the environment and health.

  13. Role of AYUSH Doctors in Filling the Gap of Health Workforce Inequality in Rural India with Special Reference to National Rural Health Mission: A Situational Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janmejaya Samal

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Paucity of health workforce in rural India has always been a problem. Lack of interest of modern allopathic graduates in serving the rural poor has worsened the situation little more. The National Rural Health Mission brought an innovative concept of mainstreaming of AYUSH and revitalization of local health tradition by collocating AYUSH doctors at various rural health facilities such as community health centers and primary health centers. In this context a study was aimed, based on secondary data, to make a situational analysis of health workforce in rural India and thereby analyzing the status and role of AYUSH Doctors in filling this gap of health workforce inequality. As on 01/01/2010 there were 61% of Ayurveda, 31.40% of Homoeopathy, 6.50% of Unani, 0.90% of Siddha and 0.20% of Naturopathy doctors serving in India. AYUSH facilities had been collocated in 240 district hospitals, 1716 community health centers and 8938 primary health centers in 2010. About 39.8% District Hospitals (DH, 38% Community Health Centers (CHC and 38.2% Primary Health Centers (PHC had been collocated with AYUSH facilities by 2010. About 30.9 lakhs rural population were being served by district hospitals, 4.3 lakhs of rural population were being served by CHCs and 0.8 lakhs of rural population were being served by PHCs in various states/UTs wherever the corresponding facilities exist. Equitable distribution of health workforce is of paramount importance in achieving both the horizontal and vertical health equity in rural India which is doable with proper implementation of AYUSH workforce.

  14. An insight into the actual socio-economic situation of Romania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2004-11-01

    Full Text Available Approximately half of the population experiences some degree of poverty while 10% live in extreme poverty (according to a report made by the Ministry of Labor, Social Solidarity and Family - MLSSF. This poverty has grown rapidly over the transition decade. Real wages, already amongst the lowest in Europe (including Central and Eastern Europe in 1990, have since declined by approximately half. A high proportion of households, mostly those in rural areas, are engaged in informal economic activity such as small-scale farming, and it is estimated that at least one third of household incomes are in kind. High levels of poverty in the country tend to be associated with families of more than three children. The only ethnic group with a markedly distinct level of poverty is the Roma, who collectively experience 3.5 times the average poverty rate. Poverty appears to be up to half as prevalent again in rural areas (where over 45 % of the population live compared to the urban areas, as there is also some regional concentration, often associated with declining of industrial activity.

  15. Optimisation of rheumatology assessments - the actual situation in axial spondyloarthritis including ankylosing spondylitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Braun, J; Kiltz, U; Baraliakos, X; van der Heijde, D

    2014-01-01

    The spondyloarthritides (SpA) are currently differentiated into axial and peripheral SpA. Patients with axial SpA (axSpA) may be further classified into the classical form ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and non-radiographic axSpA (nr-axSpA). The SpA are genetically linked, and the subtypes including psoriatic arthritis (PsA) share characteristic clinical symptoms such as inflammatory back pain (IBP) and enthesitis. IMP can be due to sacroiliitis and spondylitis, enthesitis may occur with or without arthritis, and anterior uveitis, as well as other extraarticular manifestations such as psoriasis and chronic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). In addition to clinical findings, imaging, mainly conventional radiography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and laboratory results such as HLA B27 and CRP are important tools for classification and diagnosis of SpA. The Assessment of SpondyloArthritis international Society (ASAS), an international group of experts in the field of SpA since 1995, has published on assessments and outcome parameters in SpA. The publication of classification criteria for axSpA has now largely replaced the 1984 criteria for AS. However, the established cut-off between AS and nr-axSpA, 'definite' structural changes in the sacroiliac joints, has been recently debated because of limited reliability. Since imaging plays an important role in all criteria sets, the ASAS group has recently published definitions for inflammatory changes in the SIJ and the spine. The most important domains in AS are disease activity, function, spinal mobility, structural damage, and quality of life, some of which are discussed in this manuscript. For axSpA there are two major tools to assess disease activity, the BASDAI and the ASDAS, one for function, the BASFI, and several mobility measures including the BASMI. The AS Health Index (AS-HI) is introduced elsewhere in this supplement.

  16. Actual Situations and Problems of Postoperative Nursing Care for the Elderly who Underwent Neurosurgical Operation

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    The objective of the study is to identify nursing care and related problems involved in extending the daily life and supporting self-care of the elderly who underwent neurosurgical operation, and to determine the direction of nursing care. Subjects were six nurses who had been working in anacute-phase department for five years or longer. Collected data was analyzed by the qualitative synthesis method (KJ method). The results clarified [nursing care to enhance the treatment effect of neurosurg...

  17. Actual cash financing situation of SMEs in Romania and further recommendations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rocsana Tonis (Bucea-Manea

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The world is experiencing a revolution in the digital and mobile technologies, with more information available more quickly and for more media than ever before. In this context, SMEs can turn to cloud solution. Although the advantages of using the cloud are compelling for SMEs still involves financial costs. In Romania the rate of access to funds is very low. In this context, SMEs need additional assistance to obtain funding.

  18. Research in radiology. Present situation and perspective; Investigacion en radiologia. Situacion actual y perspectiva

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ros, L. H. [Hospital Universitario Miguel Servet. Zaragoza (Spain)

    2003-07-01

    After having had defined the concept of research and stages of scientific method in the health field, there has been an attempt to deal with the characteristics of radiological research in the last years, as well as current and future guidelines of such. Among those items considered are the concept of teams which would be interdisciplinary and multi-centered (molecular imaging, imaging-guided therapy, early detection of illness using imaging techniques), as well as the need for certain changes in mentality. As such, there would appear a new generation of scientists (with training in molecular biology, bioengineering, physiopathology and pharmacology) who would bring to fruition an integral use of computers to complement research and imaging techniques. Finally, the concept of evidence-based radiology is analyzed, along with its principles and associated repercussions in health care and research. (Author) 15 refs.

  19. [Setting up situated learning in vascular rehabilitation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mathe, Nathalie; Lascoux, Léa; Puchault, Hélène

    2014-01-01

    A pedagogical tool as well as a concept, situated learning describes the skills used in a situation in a given context, structuring the reflection, analysis and choice of nursing procedures, based on theoretical knowledge, know-how and interpersonal skills. A vascular rehabilitation team has chosen to formalise two situations from among the most common care procedures carried out in the department: the changing of complex dressings and ensuring the personal hygiene and comfort of a dependent patient with skin wounds.

  20. At the threshold of retirement: From all-absorbing relations to self-actualization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lund, Anna

    2017-01-01

    To investigate the complexities of the retirement process, the present article draws on a case study of Eva, a Swedish woman who "awakened" from all-absorbing relations. It considers the ways in which retirement can enable liberation from patriarchal kinship structures and embodied values of respectability. The aim is to illuminate how deep, embodied values can become conscious and explicit during precarious life situations and transitional phases. The relation between the Swedish welfare state, an I-we balance, and gender equity values are illuminated. These analytical dimensions support the analysis by providing insights into the ways in which individuals embody and use cultural and social structures when they aim to manage unpredictability and to create change toward self-actualization.

  1. Wind farm production cost: Optimum turbine size and farm capacity in the actual market

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Laali, A.R.; Meyer, J.L.; Bellot, C. [Electricite de France, Chatou (France); Louche, A. [Espace de Recherche, Ajaccio (France)

    1996-12-31

    Several studies are undertaken in R&D Division of EDF in collaboration with ERASME association in order to have a good knowledge of the wind energy production costs. These studies are performed in the framework of a wind energy monitoring project and concern the influence of a few parameters like wind farm capacity, turbine size and wind speed on production costs, through an analysis of the actual market trend. Some 50 manufacturers and 140 different kind of wind turbines are considered for this study. The minimum production cost is situated at 800/900 kW wind turbine rated power. This point will probably move to more important powers in the future. This study is valid only for average conditions and some special parameters like particular climate conditions or lack of infrastructure for a special site the could modify the results shown on the curves. The variety of wind turbines (rated power as a function of rotor diameter, height and specific rated power) in the actual market is analyzed. A brief analysis of the market trend is also performed. 7 refs., 7 figs.

  2. Nuclear situation in Japan; La situation du nucleaire au Japon

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-07-01

    This analysis takes stock on the nuclear situation in Japan. It discusses the ambitious equipment program in collaboration with the France, the destabilization of the japanese nuclear industry following the accidents and the energy policy evolutions. It presents the projects of the japanese nuclear industry: the Monju reactor restart, the Pluthermal project, the reprocessing power plant of Rokkasho Mura, the new reactors, the russian weapons dismantling, the ITER site selection and the buy out of Westinghouse by Toshiba. (A.L.B.)

  3. Racial Discrimination in Occupations; Perceived and Actual.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turner, Castellano B.; Turner, Barbara F.

    1981-01-01

    A study of perceived discrimination by race and by sex for each of 21 occupations was compared with actual percentages of Blacks in each field. The study suggested that: (1) perception of opportunity corresponded to actual structure of opportunity; and (2) both a change in the social structure and individual belief systems is needed to further…

  4. Actual 10-year survivors following resection of adrenocortical carcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tran, Thuy B; Postlewait, Lauren M; Maithel, Shishir K; Prescott, Jason D; Wang, Tracy S; Glenn, Jason; Phay, John E; Keplinger, Kara; Fields, Ryan C; Jin, Linda X; Weber, Sharon M; Salem, Ahmed; Sicklick, Jason K; Gad, Shady; Yopp, Adam C; Mansour, John C; Duh, Quan-Yang; Seiser, Natalie; Solorzano, Carmen C; Kiernan, Colleen M; Votanopoulos, Konstantinos I; Levine, Edward A; Hatzaras, Ioannis; Shenoy, Rivfka; Pawlik, Timothy M; Norton, Jeffrey A; Poultsides, George A

    2016-12-01

    Adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) is a rare and aggressive malignancy with limited therapeutic options beyond surgical resection. The characteristics of actual long-term survivors following surgical resection for ACC have not been previously reported. Patients who underwent resection for ACC at one of 13 academic institutions participating in the US Adrenocortical Carcinoma Group from 1993 to 2014 were analyzed. Patients were stratified into four groups: early mortality (died within 2 years), late mortality (died within 2-5 years), actual 5-year survivor (survived at least 5 years), and actual 10-year survivor (survived at least 10 years). Patients with less than 5 years of follow-up were excluded. Among the 180 patients available for analysis, there were 49 actual 5-year survivors (27%) and 12 actual 10-year survivors (7%). Patients who experienced early mortality had higher rates of cortisol-secreting tumors, nodal metastasis, synchronous distant metastasis, and R1 or R2 resections (all P year survivors. Ten of twelve actual 10-year survivors were women, and of the seven 10-year survivors who experienced disease recurrence, five had undergone repeat surgery to resect the recurrence. Surgery for ACC can offer a 1 in 4 chance of actual 5-year survival and a 1 in 15 chance of actual 10-year survival. Long-term survival was often achieved with repeat resection for local or distant recurrence, further underscoring the important role of surgery in managing patients with ACC. J. Surg. Oncol. 2016;114:971-976. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  5. Situational appropriation of information

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Purpose In contrast to the interest of describing and managing the social processes of knowing, information science and information and knowledge management research have put less emphasis on discussing how particular information becomes usable and how it is used in different contexts and situations. The purpose of this paper is to address this major gap, and introduce and discuss the applicability of the notion of situational appropriation of information for shedding light on this particular...

  6. Situating beyond the social

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Soffer, Ann Katrine Bønnelykke

    2016-01-01

    Situated learning serves as an analytical framework for learning in a community of practice and has been widely used to understand the learning process that is entailed in becoming a nurse. Yet in this paper, the difficulties encountered with the original notion of situated learning once it is ap......Situated learning serves as an analytical framework for learning in a community of practice and has been widely used to understand the learning process that is entailed in becoming a nurse. Yet in this paper, the difficulties encountered with the original notion of situated learning once...... it is applied to contemporary Danish nursing education are introduced. One issue that has arisen is the analytical requirement for an educational program to be a homogeneous, singular, and social phenomenon thereby discounting the varied and different sites and materialities found within nursing education....... By using the materiality of the hospital bed as an empirical example of the way materiality also shapes practices, an alternative understanding of situated participation can emerge. This approach allows different sites and materialities to be conceptualized as equally genuine parts of the situated leaning...

  7. Designing to support situation awareness across distances

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sonnenwald, Diane H.; Maglaughlin, Kelly L.; Whitton, Mary C.

    2004-01-01

    . The foundation for this framework is previous research in situation awareness and virtual reality, combined with our analysis of interviews with and observations of collaborating scientists. The framework suggests that situation awareness is comprised of contextual, task and process, and socio......When collaborating, individuals rely on situation awareness (the gathering, incorporation and utilization of environmental information) to help them combine their unique knowledge and skills and achieve their goals. When collaborating across distances, situation awareness is mediated by technology....... There are few guidelines to help system analysts design systems or applications that support the creation and maintenance of situation awareness for teams or groups. We propose a framework to guide design decisions to enhance computer-mediated situation awareness during scientific research collaboration...

  8. Analysis of the Current Situation of Orienteering in Yunnan Province%云南省定向运动发展现状浅析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐绍文

    2013-01-01

    Using the method of literature, Investigation and interview, Analyzes the current development of directional movement in recent years in Yunnan province .The analysis shows that the lack of guidance policy of Yunnan province orienteering, Coaches level is low, Lack of equipment and unified teaching materials in primary and secondary schools, the penetration rate is low, The athletes talent shortage. Put forward six suggestions according to the present situation of Yunnan province Orienteering development problem.%运用文献资料法、调查访谈法,分析了云南省近几年定向运动的发展现状。分析得出云南省定向运动的指导政策缺失,教练员水平偏低、缺乏设备和统一的教材、中小学定向运动普及率低、运动员人才匮乏。根据云南省定向运动开展的现状的问题提出四点建议。

  9. 上海市长宁区空气质量现状与分析%Air Quality Situation and Analysis of Changning District Shanghai

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何振超

    2011-01-01

    利用上海市长宁区2005~2010年空气质量监测数据,阐明了长宁区空气质量变化趋势和现状,通过对环境空气主要污染物的统计分析,揭示了影响空气质量的首要污染物是可吸入颗粒物,并对如何进一步提高长宁区空气质量提出了建议,为管理部门治理空气污染提供决策依据。%Using air quality monitoring data of Changning District of Shanghai from 2005 to 2010,the air quality change trend and current situation were clarified.Through the statistical analysis of main pollutants in environment,it revealed the primary pollutant affecting air qualety was particulate matter.Some suggestions for how to further improve air quality in Changning District were put forward,and the basis for decision making was provided for the management of air pollution.

  10. 我国竞技健美运动裁判员的现状分析%A Situation Analysis of Competitive Bodybuilding Referees in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程路明

    2012-01-01

    健美运动是一项惠及个人和国家的很好的运动项目,经过30多年在我国的恢复和发展,已有了广泛的群众基础,为了促进健美竞技水平的进一步提高,通过对我国竞技健美裁判员的现状分析,增进了对我国健美运动的全面了解,以期促使我国竞技健美裁判员水平的提高,促进竞技健美裁判员队伍更好地发展壮大,进一步普及健美运动,整体提高我国健美运动水平。%Bodybuilding is a sport beneficial to both individuals and a country. After 30 years' restoration and develop- ment, it has been popularized in people's daily life. In order to further popularize the sport of bodyhuilding and im- prove its athletic level, this thesis made a situation analysis of competitive bodybuilding referees in China, and got a better understanding of bodybuilding, so as to promote the development and growth of competitive bodybuilding referee team.

  11. 浅析我国粮食业的现状与发展前景%The Analysis of Current Situation and Development Prospect of China's Grain

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐婷; 卢华明

    2014-01-01

    Grain as the foundation of national economy and people's livelihood,has direct relationship to the national economic development,social harmony and stability,and other important strategy problems.The grain circulation system and industry policy have been advanced constantly,food problem has been the focus of community concern.This article will outline the basis of the supply chain management theory,focusing on the analysis of the present situation and problems of China's grain industry,and the food industry,putting forward the personal opinion on the feasibility and significance of supply chain management.%粮食作为国计民生之根本,直接关系着国民经济发展、社会和谐稳定等重要战略问题。粮食流通体制、行业政策等一直在不断地推进,粮食问题一直是社会各界重点关注问题。文中将在概述供应链管理理论的基础上,重点分析我国粮食业的现状及问题,并就粮食业进行供应链管理的可行性和意义提出个人见解。

  12. 科室员工敬业度现状分析%Analysi on Present Situation of Department Employee Engagement and Coun-termeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王清

    2015-01-01

    Objective To explore leadership styles, organizational support, organizational commitment and employee engagement relationship and provide a theoretical basis for improving employee engagement. Methods Literature research, analysis department employee engagement situation at this stage. Results Employee engagement at a high level, there are still negative factors, leader-ship style, organizational support, organizational commitment was positively correlated with employee engagement. Conclusion The department managers should give employees more organizational support, organizational commitment, change leadership style, to further improve employee engagement.%目的:探讨领导风格、组织支持感、组织承诺与员工敬业度的关系,为提高员工敬业度提供理论依据。方法通过文献研究法,分析现阶段科室员工敬业度状况。结果员工敬业度处于较高水平,仍存在消极因素,领导风格、组织支持感、组织承诺与员工敬业度呈正相关。结论科室管理者应给予员工更多的组织支持感、组织承诺感,改变领导风格,进一步提高员工敬业度。

  13. Analysis of Chinese Medicine Hospital Resource Situation from 2005 to 2009%2005-2009年我国中医医院资源情况分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑格琳; 李金芳; 孙晓东; 杨永生; 陈思; 陈珞珈

    2011-01-01

    医院资源主要包括人员、床位、医疗设备、固定资产等.通过对2005-2009年我国中医医院机构数、床位、人员、固定资产等资源情况进行分析,并与综合医院进行比较,找出存在的问题,以期为"十二五"中医医院的发展提供参考.数据均来源于2005-2009年卫生部和国家中医药管理局.%Hospital resources include personnel, beds, medical equipment and fixed assets, etc. Through the analysis of resource situation in China, including the number of institutions, beds, personnel and fixed assets, etc, comparison with general hospitals, problems are found out to provide references for the development of traditional Chinese medicine hospitals during the Twelfth Five Years. The data are all derived from Chinese Health Statistics Yearbook published by Ministry of Public Health and National Traditional Chinese Medicine Statistical Excerpting published by the state administration of traditional Chinese medicine from 2005 to 2009.

  14. Analysis of a problem solving situation in physics, in an interlocution setting between a specialist and a novice, in the light of Vergnaud's conceptual fields theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Célia Maria Soares Gomes de Sousa

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper is put of a larger study dealing with problem solving in physics, from the point of view of cognitive development psychology, aiming at its role in physics education. Our focus in this paper lies in a problem solving procedure that stresses verbal exchange between a specialist and a novice in a social interaction, in such a way that the cognitive regulations concerning a given conceptual field would be evidenced. Two cases were studied: two students from a precollege course participated in five individual problem solving sessions involving electric circuits. The analysis of these sessions suggested that: one of the subjects had more assimilation schemes than the other one to make sense of problematic situations in the conceptual field of electricity; that the role of the specialist in the proposed social interaction is very important and his/her mastery of the subject matter is essential; that the theory of conceptual fields is an adequate framework for research studies on problem solving in physics.

  15. Investigation and Analysis of the Present Situation of Vertical Greening in Xuzhou City%徐州市垂直绿化现状调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王甜; 卢芳; 黄金凤; 刘喆为

    2015-01-01

    对徐州市垂直绿化现状进行了实地调查,结果表明:徐州市垂直绿化植物共109种,属44科95属,其中攀援植物共24种,属13科22属,垂直绿化形式主要有附壁绿化、棚架绿化、篱垣绿化、护坡绿化及阳台、屋顶绿化。在分析垂直绿化存在问题的基础上提出了相应的建议。%Based on the field investigation in Xuzhou city about the current situation of vertical greening ,the results show that there are total 109 species vertical greening plants in Xuzhou and they belong to 44 families and 95 genera , including 24 kinds of climbing plants which belong to 13 families and 22 genera .The modalities of vertical greening are mainly all - attached greening ,pergola greening ,fence greening ,slope protection greening ,balcony and roof greening .The article puts forward some corresponding suggestions based on the analysis of the existing problems of vertical greening .

  16. 我国"讲授法"的研究现状及趋势分析%Current Situation and Tendency Analysis of Lecture Method Study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李孝诚; 刘兆丽

    2015-01-01

    利用文献计量法和文本分析法对2001年以来国内关于讲授法的研究文献进行了定量和定性分析. 关于讲授法的理论和实践研究表明,讲授法是一种发展的、有层次的、可行的教学方法,但需要教师有效实施. 同时,讲授法研究也存在学科特征不明显、研究方法思辨多于实证、研究水平参差不齐等不足.%The current situation and developing trend of Lecture method since 2001 are analyzed qualitatively and quantitatively by means of the bibliometric method and content analysis method in the paper.The theoretical and practical research shows that lecture method is a progressive, hierarchical and feasible teaching method, but the good results of lecture method need teachers' effective implementation.Meanwhile, there are some problems in lecture method research, such as discipline feature is not obvious, speculative methods are more than empirical methods, and research levels are uneven etc.

  17. 工程造价管理现状的分析与解决措施%The present situation of engineering cost management analysis and solutions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邬丽芳

    2016-01-01

    建设工程造价是指某项工程建设所花费的全部费用,即该建设项目有计划地进行固定资产再生产和形成相应的无形资产和铺底流动资金的一次性费用总和。它不仅与工程内容有关系,还与地区的经济发展速度、建设者的管理与技术水平、国家和当地政府的政策等存在着紧密的联系。对于建筑施工行业而言,科学合理的工程造价对于施工企业而言更加重要。工程造价的计价与控制水平随着现代企业管理水平的提升也在不断发展,根据当前工程造价管理中的现状情况对加强工程造价控制管理措施做一下分析探讨。%Construction engineering cost is to point to a ful cost of the engineering construction cost, namely the construction projects carried out in a planned way of fixed assets reproduction and the formation of the corresponding sum of intangible assets and the circulating funds of one-time charges. It not only has relationship with engineering content, also with the region's economic development speed, builders of the level of management and technology, state and local government policies, etc. There are closely linked. For the construction industry, scientific and reasonable project cost for construction enterprise is more important. Project cost accounting and control level along with the modern enterprise management level of ascension also in development, according to the current situation of engineering cost management situation of strengthening the project cost control management measures to do the analysis.

  18. 空中目标的战术群特征识别方法%Recognition of Target Group Characteristic in Situation Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崇元; 李加祥; 艾葳

    2015-01-01

    Due to the limited range and the tactical significance obscurely of the traditional target group recognition, it rede⁃fines targets grouping process hierarchically and presents a novel method to deal with the recognition of target group charac⁃teristic in situation assessment. Firstly, it takes the tactical tasks of operation platform as the chief grouping evidence, which gets from situation analysis deeply, and adopts Self⁃Organizing feature map( SOFM) neural network to recognize the space task group. Then, Based on information coordinative plus exercises influence on interactional group and tactical associate group, it computes the attribute comparability matrix of space task group to get the incorporate groups. The result indicates that the method can reduce the error rate of clustering.%针对传统目标分群单一算法中存在的适用范围小、战术意义不明显等问题,将自底向上逐层深入的目标群形成过程进行重新定义,提出了一种新的态势分析中目标群特征识别的处理方法。首先,将通过深层次态势分析得到的目标执行的战术任务状态属性作为首要分群依据,并采用自组织神经网络对目标进行空间任务群识别;其次,模型以兵力间信息协同增益效应对相互作用与战术关联群形成的影响为基础,计算空间任务群的多种属性相似度矩阵,并融合求得合群结果。仿真实验对比结果表明,该方法可有效减小空间上的错误分群率,并识别出具有战术联系的空间群。

  19. William Brennan and the Failed "Theory" of Actual Malice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gillmor, Donald M.

    This paper contains an analysis of Justice William Brennan's Supreme Court opinions concerning cases on freedom of expression and his interpretations of Alexander Meiklejohn's theory of actual malice in cases of libel. Particular attention is paid to Brennan's landmark contribution to the law of libel, his opinion in "New York Times v.…

  20. Assessment of narghile (shisha, hookah smokers’ actual exposure to toxic chemicals requires further sound studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Tobacco smoking is hazardous for health. However, not all forms of tobacco use entail the same risks and the latter should be studied and compared in a sound realistic way. Smoking machines for cigarettes (which are consumed in a few minutes were early designed as a tool to evaluate the actual intake of toxic substances (‘toxicants’ by smokers. However, the yields (tar, nicotine, CO, etc. provided by such machines poorly reflect the actual human smoking behaviour known to depend on numerous factors (anxiety, emotions, anthropological situation, etc.. In the case of narghile smoking, the problems are even more complex, particularly because of the much longer duration of a session. A recent study from the US-American University of Beirut was based on a field smoking topography and claimed consistency with a laboratory smoking machine. We offer a point by point critical analysis of such methods on which most of the ‘waterpipe’ antismoking literature since 2002 is based.

  1. Tolerance for ambiguity and self-actualization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foxman, P

    1976-02-01

    This study was designed to test the hypothesis, implicit in several areas of previous research, that high tolerance for ambiguity is a cognitive style which reflects high levels of underlying psychological health. Using Self-Actualization scores on the Tennessee Self Concept Scale, 36 adult subjects were defined as relatively high or low in self-actualization with equal numbers of males and females in each group. All subjects then performed individually on the Rorschach test and the Rorschach protocols were rated reliably for degree of tolerance for ambiguity. It was found that regardless of sex the high self-actualization group exhibited a significantly higher level of tolerance for ambiguity than the low self-actualization group. The finding was interpreted as confirmation of the study's hypothesis.

  2. When Is Tourette Syndrome Actually Autism?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... fullstory_166831.html When is Tourette Syndrome Actually Autism? Repetitive behaviors, restricted interests occur in both disorders, ... children with Tourette syndrome also tests positive for autism, a new study shows. But it's unlikely that ...

  3. Conterminous U.S. actual evapotranspiration data

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — Actual ET (ETa) is produced using the operational Simplified Surface Energy Balance (SSEBop) model (Senay and others, 2013) for the period 2000 to present. The...

  4. Personalizing situation awareness

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Collins, Linn Marks [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Powell, James E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Roman, Jorge R [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Martinez, Mark L B [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mane, Ketan K [RENCI

    2009-01-01

    Emergency responders need access to information but what counts as actionable information depends on their role, task, location, and other variables. For example, experts who have unique knowledge and experience and are called on to serve as scientific and teclmical responders, require correspondingly unique situation awareness in order to do their work. In our research-in-progress we leverage emerging and evolving web and digital library technologies to create personalized situation awareness tools that address the needs of these scientific and technical responders in real time, through focused information collection, extraction, integration, representation, and dissemination. We describe three personalized situation awareness tools in this paper: the Theme Awareness Tool (THEMAT), Social Awareness Tool (SAT), and Expertise Awareness Tool (EXPAT). The concepts and technologies we are developing in collaboration with experts apply to those who use the Web, in general, and offer an approach to the general issue of HCI design for emergencies.

  5. Las neurosis actuales y las psicosis ordinarias

    OpenAIRE

    Aguirre, Javier

    2013-01-01

    El trabajo tiene por finalidad poner en tensión las categorías de psicosis ordinaria y neurosis actuales. En primer lugar, se procede a examinar ambas categorías para luego establecer sus puntos de coincidencia y disidencia. Se concluye que la categoría de neurosis actual propuesta por Freud, es una posible expresión de lo que en la actualidad se llama psicosis ordinaria.

  6. Situational theory of leadership.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waller, D J; Smith, S R; Warnock, J T

    1989-11-01

    The situational theory of leadership and the LEAD instruments for determining leadership style are explained, and the application of the situational leadership theory to the process of planning for and implementing organizational change is described. Early studies of leadership style identified two basic leadership styles: the task-oriented autocratic style and the relationship-oriented democratic style. Subsequent research found that most leaders exhibited one of four combinations of task and relationship behaviors. The situational leadership theory holds that the difference between the effectiveness and ineffectiveness of the four leadership styles is the appropriateness of the leader's behavior to the particular situation in which it is used. The task maturity of the individual or group being led must also be accounted for; follower readiness is defined in terms of the capacity to set high but attainable goals, willingness or ability to accept responsibility, and possession of the necessary education or experience for a specific task. A person's leadership style, range, and adaptability can be determined from the LEADSelf and LEADOther questionnaires. By applying the principles of the situational leadership theory and adapting their managerial styles to specific tasks and levels of follower maturity, the authors were successful in implementing 24-hour pharmacokinetic dosing services provided by staff pharmacists with little previous experience in clinical services. The situational leadership model enables a leader to identify a task, set goals, determine the task maturity of the individual or group, select an appropriate leadership style, and modify the style as change occurs. Pharmacy managers can use this model when implementing clinical pharmacy services.

  7. A scalable model for network situational awareness based on Endsley's situation model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hu Wei; Li Jianhua; Chen Xiuzhen; Jiang Xinghao; Zuo Min

    2007-01-01

    The paper introduces the Endsley's situation model into network security to describe the network security situation,and improves Endsley'S data processing to suit network alerts.The proposet model contains the information of incident frequency.incident time and incident space.The HoneyNet dataset is selected to evaluate the proposed model in the evaluation.The paper pmposes three definitions to depict and predigest the whole situation extraction in detail.and a fusion component to reduce the influence of alert redundancy on the total security situation.The less complex extraction makes the situation analysismore efficient,and the fine-grained model makes the analysis have a better expansibility.Finally,the situational variation curves are simulated,and the evaluation results prove the situation model applicable and efficient.

  8. Situational and respondent-level motives for drinking and alcohol-related aggression: a multilevel analysis of drinking events in a sample of Canadian university students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mihic, Ljiljana; Wells, Samantha; Graham, Kathryn; Tremblay, Paul F; Demers, Andrée

    2009-03-01

    Situational drinking motives (i.e., motives specific to the drinking situation) as well as respondent-level drinking motives (i.e., usual drinking motives across drinking situations) were examined in terms of their relations with aggression experienced by university students. Secondary, multi-level analyses were conducted on the Canadian Campus Survey (CCS), a national survey of 40 Canadian universities conducted between March 1 and April 30, 2004 (N=6,282). For their three most recent drinking events, students reported their motive for drinking (i.e., situational motive) and whether they had an argument/fight. Respondent-level drinking motives were computed by averaging motives across drinking events. Drinking to cope at the situational-level increased the likelihood of aggression. Respondent-level enhancement motives also increased the risk of aggression. Aesthetic motives were important at both situational and respondent levels decreasing the risk for alcohol-related aggression. Gender did not moderate these relations. These results suggest that prevention programming might benefit from a focus on altering drinking motives, or their underlying causes, in order to reduce alcohol-related aggression among young adults.

  9. Learning through Situated Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dittrich, Yvonne; Eriksén, Sara; Wessels, Bridgette

    2014-01-01

    and in which ways the specificity and situatedness of PD practices are crucial for PD research. We do so by developing the notion of PD as situated innovation based on a pragmatic epistemology. PD research aims at devel oping and continuously unfolding what PD can, might and should be. We show implications...

  10. About Stressful Situations

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... make a new friend — plus catch up in social studies. Get support. Find someone to talk to about your situation. Ask for help or advice. Be with people who believe in you, make you laugh, and help you feel good about yourself. Sometimes just a listening ear helps a lot. It helps you know ...

  11. Planning as situated design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Axel, Erik

    It is common to associate situated activity with concrete, craftlike or manual activity here and now and to reserve theoretical and abstract thinking for activities like theoretical experimentation and systematic planning. Much work has gone into demonstrating that these activities are concrete...

  12. Challenging Fieldwork Situations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bille, Thomas; Østergaard Steenfeldt, Vibeke

    2013-01-01

    Researching two different work settings, police work and hospice care, the authors experienced a strange sense of discomfort in their bodies during their fieldwork when investigating professional training and work situations, especially in encounters with citizens and patients. In some of those...

  13. Analysis of the situation of the vacuum in FTU; Analisi della situazione del vuoto di FTU (Resoconto del lavoro svolto dalla task force)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alessandrini, C.; Angelini, B.; Apicella, M.L.; Mazzitelli, G.; Pirani, S.; Zanza, V. [ENEA, Centro Ricerche Frascati, Rome (Italy). Dipt. Energia

    1999-01-01

    To analyze the situation of the vacuum in the FTU tokamak, on 22/5/96 was set up a task force to identify the problem(s) and to settle the operative and cleaning procedures. The main actions of the task force were: leak tests, automatic procedure to monitor on line the state of the machine vacuum and an exhaustive analysis of the work done before. The task force reviewed the outgassing measurements of the plastic materials inserted into the machine and was decided to repeat the test on the thermocouples. The results pointed out that the thermocouples are a practically infinite reservoir of water. The outcome of the task force was a set of new procedures and recommendations during both the operation of FTU and the shutdown periods. FTU is now operating at more acceptable plasma purity. [Italiano] Il 22/5/96 fu costituita una Task Force (TF) per analizzare le cause della `non pulizia` di FTU e per identificare le nuove procedure da seguire per la pulizia della camera da vuoto. Le azioni che la TF intraprese furono: leak tests, monitoraggio continuo dello stato del vuoto e revisione critica del lavoro fatto precedentemente. Vennero poi analizzate delle misure fatte a suo tempo sui materiali presenti nella camera da vuoto di FTU e, nel caso delle termocoppie, si decise di ripetere il test. Da questa seconda prova emerse che i cilindretti di queste termocoppie sono delle riserve inesauribili di acqua che vengono alimentate da ogni riapertura della macchina. Il lavoro della TF si concluse con una serie di procedure e raccomandazioni, da seguire prima di ogni riapertura della macchina e durante le campagne sperimentali a macchina fredda; tali procedure tengono conto del fatto che negli anni e` aumentata la quantita` di materiali plastici presenti nella camera da vuoto, soprattutto nei ports. FTU sta attualmente operando in condizioni piu` accettabili di pulizia della camera.

  14. Is Focus on Prevention Missing in National Health Programs? A Situation Analysis of IEC/BCC/Health Promotion Activities in a District Setting of Punjab and Haryana.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thakur, Jarnail Singh; Jaswal, Nidhi; Grover, Ashoo

    2017-01-01

    Health promotion (HP) has been an integral part of all national programs although it has been a low priority in India, which has resulted in a failure to achieve the desired results. Situation analysis of information education communication (IEC)/behavior change communication (BCC)/HP activities within the existing national health programs was undertaken in the district of Hoshiarpur in Punjab and the district of Ambala in Haryana during 2013-14. Facility-based assessments were done by conducting in-depth interviews with stakeholders, program officers, medical officers, health workers, and counselors. Household survey (332 individuals) and exit interview (102 interviews) were conducted to assess the knowledge of the community regarding key risk factors. There was a high vacancy in the mass media division with 40% (2 out of 5) and 89% (8 out of 9) of the sanctioned positions vacant in Hoshiarpur and Ambala, respectively, with low capacity of staff and budget. There was no annual calendar, logbook of activities with poor recording of IEC material received and disseminated. The knowledge of community members regarding key risk factors such as tobacco use, salt intake, blood pressure level, anemia, and tuberculosis was 77.3%, 26.4%, 16.4%, 32.7%, and 91.8%, respectively, in the district of Ambala as compared to 77.5%, 37.5%, 33.3%, 25.8%, and 88.3%, respectively, in the district of Hoshiarpur. The village health and sanitation committee (VHSC) in the district of Hoshiarpur and village level core committee (VLCC) in the district of Ambala were found to be nonfunctional with no Iec/Bcc activities in the covered villages in the last month. Monitoring and supervision of Iec/Bcc activities were poor in both the districts. Iec/Bcc/HP is a neglected area in national health programs in the selected districts with inadequate budget, human resources with poor implementation, and requires strengthening for better implementation of the national health programs.

  15. The future supply situation analysis of global cobalt resources%未来全球钴资源供应形势分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李颖; 周艳晶; 张艳飞

    2014-01-01

    钴性质优良,用途广泛,是重要的战略性矿产。我国是钴原料进口大国,未来全球钴供应形势对中国资源安全至关重要。本文从资源状况入手,回顾了钴生产历史,指出影响钴产量的主要因素,在对大量矿山信息收集、处理的基础上,对一次资源供应和二次资源供应进行深入分析,预测2025年精炼钴产量将达到24.6万t。然而,铜矿和镍矿生产、刚果(金)矿业政策及政局变化、市场因素都将对未来钴供应产生重要影响。%Cobalt has many good properties with many applications ,and it is an important strategic mineral .China has been a great importer of the cobalt raw materials and in the future global supply situation is of crucial importance for China's resource security .This paper starts from resource status ,reviews the cobalt production history ,and points out the main factors which influence the production of cobalt .Then we make an in-depth analysis of primary and secondary resources supply on the basis of collecting and processing a large number of mine information ,we also predict that refined cobalt output will reach 246 thousand tons in 2025 .

  16. Challenges and opportunities for implementing integrated mental health care: a district level situation analysis from five low- and middle-income countries.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charlotte Hanlon

    Full Text Available Little is known about how to tailor implementation of mental health services in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs to the diverse settings encountered within and between countries. In this paper we compare the baseline context, challenges and opportunities in districts in five LMICs (Ethiopia, India, Nepal, South Africa and Uganda participating in the PRogramme for Improving Mental health carE (PRIME. The purpose was to inform development and implementation of a comprehensive district plan to integrate mental health into primary care.A situation analysis tool was developed for the study, drawing on existing tools and expert consensus. Cross-sectional information obtained was largely in the public domain in all five districts.The PRIME study districts face substantial contextual and health system challenges many of which are common across sites. Reliable information on existing treatment coverage for mental disorders was unavailable. Particularly in the low-income countries, many health service organisational requirements for mental health care were absent, including specialist mental health professionals to support the service and reliable supplies of medication. Across all sites, community mental health literacy was low and there were no models of multi-sectoral working or collaborations with traditional or religious healers. Nonetheless health system opportunities were apparent. In each district there was potential to apply existing models of care for tuberculosis and HIV or non-communicable disorders, which have established mechanisms for detection of drop-out from care, outreach and adherence support. The extensive networks of community-based health workers and volunteers in most districts provide further opportunities to expand mental health care.The low level of baseline health system preparedness across sites underlines that interventions at the levels of health care organisation, health facility and community will all be essential

  17. Challenges in the implementation of the EAACI AIT guidelines: A situational analysis of current provision of allergen immunotherapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryan, D; Gerth van Wijk, R; Angier, E; Kristiansen, M; Zaman, H; Sheikh, A; Cardona, V; Vidal, C; Warner, A; Agache, I; Arasi, S; Fernandez-Rivas, M; Halken, S; Jutel, M; Lau, S; Pajno, G; Pfaar, O; Roberts, G; Sturm, G; Varga, E M; Van Ree, R; Muraro, A

    2017-08-29

    The European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology (EAACI) has produced Guidelines on Allergen Immunotherapy (AIT). We sought to gauge the preparedness of primary care to participate in the delivery of AIT in Europe. We undertook a mixed-methods, situational analysis. This involved a purposeful literature search, and two surveys: one to primary care clinicians and the other to a wider group of stakeholders across Europe. The 10 papers identified all pointed out gaps or deficiencies in allergy care provision in primary care. The surveys also highlighted similar concerns, particularly in relation to concerns about lack of knowledge, skills, infrastructural weaknesses, reimbursement policies and communication with specialists as barriers to evidence-based care. Almost all countries (92%) reported the availability of AIT. In spite of that, only 28% and 44% of the countries reported the availability of guidelines for primary care physicians and specialists, respectively. Agreed pathways between specialists and primary care physicians were reported as existing in 32-48% of countries. Reimbursement appeared to be an important barrier as AIT was only fully reimbursed in 32% of countries. Additionally, 44% of respondents considered accessibility to AIT and 36% stating patient costs were barriers. Successful working with primary care providers is essential to scaling-up AIT provision in Europe, but to achieve this the identified barriers must be overcome. Development of primary care interpretation of guidelines to aid patient selection, establishment of disease management pathways and collaboration with specialist groups are required as a matter of urgency. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

  18. Analysis of the situation of the vacuum in FTU; Analisi della situazione del vuoto di FTU (Resoconto del lavoro svolto dalla task force)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alessandrini, C.; Angelini, B.; Apicella, M.L.; Mazzitelli, G.; Pirani, S.; Zanza, V. [ENEA, Centro Ricerche Frascati, Rome (Italy). Dipt. Energia

    1999-01-01

    To analyze the situation of the vacuum in the FTU tokamak, on 22/5/96 was set up a task force to identify the problem(s) and to settle the operative and cleaning procedures. The main actions of the task force were: leak tests, automatic procedure to monitor on line the state of the machine vacuum and an exhaustive analysis of the work done before. The task force reviewed the outgassing measurements of the plastic materials inserted into the machine and was decided to repeat the test on the thermocouples. The results pointed out that the thermocouples are a practically infinite reservoir of water. The outcome of the task force was a set of new procedures and recommendations during both the operation of FTU and the shutdown periods. FTU is now operating at more acceptable plasma purity. [Italiano] Il 22/5/96 fu costituita una Task Force (TF) per analizzare le cause della `non pulizia` di FTU e per identificare le nuove procedure da seguire per la pulizia della camera da vuoto. Le azioni che la TF intraprese furono: leak tests, monitoraggio continuo dello stato del vuoto e revisione critica del lavoro fatto precedentemente. Vennero poi analizzate delle misure fatte a suo tempo sui materiali presenti nella camera da vuoto di FTU e, nel caso delle termocoppie, si decise di ripetere il test. Da questa seconda prova emerse che i cilindretti di queste termocoppie sono delle riserve inesauribili di acqua che vengono alimentate da ogni riapertura della macchina. Il lavoro della TF si concluse con una serie di procedure e raccomandazioni, da seguire prima di ogni riapertura della macchina e durante le campagne sperimentali a macchina fredda; tali procedure tengono conto del fatto che negli anni e` aumentata la quantita` di materiali plastici presenti nella camera da vuoto, soprattutto nei ports. FTU sta attualmente operando in condizioni piu` accettabili di pulizia della camera.

  19. 750 kV磁控式可控高抗谐波特性仿真与实测分析%Simulation and Actual Measurement Based Analysis on Harmonic Characteristic of 750 kV Magnetically Controlled Shunt Reactor

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周佩朋; 项祖涛; 郑彬; 班连庚; 王东阳; 杨大业; 王茂清; 韩亚楠

    2014-01-01

    基于新疆西北联网第二通道工程中的鱼卡母线可控高抗系统调试,对750 kV磁控式可控高抗的谐波特性进行仿真与实测分析。建立可控高抗详细电磁暂态模型,对稳态运行及空载投切操作产生的谐波进行仿真计算,并与现场实测波形进行对比分析。可控高抗稳态运行时网侧电流主要含有3次、5次、7次等奇数次谐波;预励磁方式下投空载可控高抗的励磁涌流比无预励磁时幅值高,产生的谐波以2次分量为主,谐波的衰减趋势与可控高抗工作点的移动有关。研究结果明确了磁控式可控高抗的谐波特性,为进一步分析其与电网的相互影响提供参考。%Based on the system commissioning of controllable high voltage shunt reactor connected to the bus of Yuqia substation, which belongs to the second power transmission channel project interconnecting Xinjiang power grid with Northwest power grid, the simulation and actual measurement based analysis on harmonic characteristic of 750 kV magnetically controlled shunt reactor (MCSR) is performed. A detailed electromagnetic transient model of MCSR is established to simulate and calculate the harmonics caused by steady state operation and energizing no-load transmission line, and the results of simulation and calculation are compared with on-site measured waveforms and comparison results are analyzed. During the steady state operation of MCSR the current at grid side mainly contains odd harmonics such as the 3-th, the 5-th and the 7-th harmonics and so on;the amplitude of inrush current due to energizing no-load MCSR under pre-excitation is higher than that without pre-excitation, and the produced harmonic is mainly the second harmonic component, and the attenuation trend of harmonics relates to the shift of the working point of MCSR. The results of this research clarify the harmonic characteristic of MCSR and are available for reference to the analysis on the

  20. Advanced Situation Awareness Technologies Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Advanced Situation Awareness Technologies (ASAT) will facilitate exploration of the moon surface, and other planetary bodies. ASAT will create an Advanced Situation...

  1. CITY OF SANTA FE V. KOMIS REVISITED: AN ANALYSIS OF THE ACTUAL IMPACTS OF CONSTRUCTION AND OPERATION OF THE SANTA FE BYPASS ON THE VALUE OF NEARBY REAL ESTATE

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bentz, Dr. E. J., Jr.,; Bentz, C. B.; O' Hora, T. D.; Baepler, Dr. D.

    2003-02-27

    The Santa Fe Bypass for transport of transuranic waste (TRU) to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) near Carlsbad, New Mexico has been constructed and is operational (as of 2000). This paper presents a review of actual empirical data from the sales of real estate in the Santa Fe City/County area since the filing of the City of Santa Fe v. Komis lawsuit in 1988. The data analyzed covers the time period from 1989 through the last quarter of 2001.

  2. Present Technology Situation of Ethylene Glycol in China and Technical Economic Analysis%国内乙二醇技术现状及技术经济分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王志峰

    2011-01-01

    Author has discussed the process technology line with ethylene line and non-petroleum line for the ethylene glycol product;has compared the technical economic indexes and anti-risk capacity with the different production methods;in combination with the Chinese actual situation,has discussed the developing direction of the ethylene glycol industry and the problems to be urgently solved.%论述了乙二醇产品的乙烯路线和非石油路线的工艺技术方案;对比了不同生产方法的技术经济指标和抗风险能力;结合我国国情,探讨了乙二醇工业发展方向和亟待解决的问题。

  3. Are HIV and reproductive health services adapted to the needs of female sex workers? Results of a policy and situational analysis in Tete, Mozambique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lafort, Yves; Jocitala, Osvaldo; Candrinho, Balthazar; Greener, Letitia; Beksinska, Mags; Smit, Jenni A; Chersich, Matthew; Delva, Wim

    2016-07-26

    In the context of an implementation research project aiming at improving use of HIV and sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services for female sex workers (FSWs), a broad situational analysis was conducted in Tete, Mozambique, assessing if services are adapted to the needs of FSWs. Methods comprised (1) a policy analysis including a review of national guidelines and interviews with policy makers, and (2) health facility assessments at 6 public and 1 private health facilities, and 1 clinic specifically targeting FSWs, consisting of an audit checklist, interviews with 18 HIV/SRH care providers and interviews of 99 HIV/SRH care users. There exist national guidelines for most HIV/SRH care services, but none provides guidance for care adapted to the needs of high-risk women such as FSWs. The Ministry of Health recently initiated the process of establishing guidelines for attendance of key populations, including FSWs, at public health facilities. Policy makers have different views on the best approach for providing services to FSWs-integrated in the general health services or through parallel services for key populations-and there exists no national strategy. The most important provider of HIV/SRH services in the study area is the government. Most basic services are widely available, with the exception of certain family planning methods, cervical cancer screening, services for victims of sexual and gender-based violence, and termination of pregnancy (TOP). The public facilities face serious limitations in term of space, staff, equipment, regular supplies and adequate provider practices. A stand-alone clinic targeting key populations offers a limited range of services to the FSW population in part of the area. Private clinics offer only a few services, at commercial prices. There is a need to improve the availability of quality HIV/SRH services in general and to FSWs specifically, and to develop guidelines for care adapted to the needs of FSWs. Access for FSWs can be

  4. Situated Formative Feedback

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lukassen, Niels Bech; Wahl, Christian; Sorensen, Elsebeth Korsgaard

    2016-01-01

    This study addresses the conceptual challenge of providing students with good quality feedback to enhance student learning in an online community of practice (COP). The aim of the study is to identify feedback mechanisms in a virtual learning environment (VLE) and to create a full formative...... feedback episode (FFE) through an online dialogue. The paper argues that dialogue is crucial for student learning and that feedback is not only something the teacher gives to the student. Viewing good quality feedback as social, situated, formative, emphasis is put on the establishment of dialogue. We...... refer to this type of feedback as, Situated Formative Feedback (SFF). As a basis for exploring, identifying and discussing relevant aspects of SFF the paper analyses qualitative data from a Moodle dialogue. Data are embedded in the qualitative analytic program Nvivo and are analysed with a system...

  5. What is Process Tracing actually tracing?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Beach, Derek; Pedersen, Rasmus Brun

    We argue that a lot of the murkiness about what Process Tracing (PT) actually is and how it should be used in practice can be cleared up by identifying three variants of PT within political science: theory-testing PT, theory-building PT, and explaining outcomes PT. The three can be differentiated...... and when we use PT case studies. First, there are differences in what we are actually tracing in the three variants, resulting in different methodological prescriptions for each variant. Second, the types of inferences being made are also different; the variants therefore have different analytical uses...

  6. Den retoriske situation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Jette Barnholdt

    2009-01-01

    Artiklen, som er skrevet på baggrund af et oplæg, som jeg holdt på  Årsmødet for Sektionen for Gymnasium og HF i Helsingør, oktober 2009, plæderer for anvendelsen af Lloyd F. Bitzers teori om den retoriske situation i retorikundervisningen i gymnasiet. I artiklen benytter jeg Bitzers teori som en...

  7. Inductive situation calculus

    OpenAIRE

    Denecker, Marc; Ternovska, Eugenia

    2004-01-01

    Temporal reasoning has always been a major test case for knowledge representation formalisms. In this paper, we develop an inductive variant of the situation calculus in ED-logic, classical logic extended with inductive definitions. This logic has been proposed recently and is an extension of classical logic. It allows for a uniform representation of various forms of definitions, including monotone inductive definitions and non-monotone forms of inductive definitions such as iterated inductio...

  8. Situation Analysis of Physical Exercise of University Student in Henan Province%河南省高校大学生体育锻炼状况分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卫超

    2012-01-01

      By probing the physical exercise situation of university student in Henan province, this article finds out problems and analyzes the reason to the situation. Some suggestions are put forward to promote college students engaging in physical exercise actively and scientifically, and establish the consciousness of lifelong sports.%  分析了河南省大学生体育锻炼状况及其存在的问题,提出了一些促进大学生积极、科学地进行体育锻炼的建议。

  9. 目前医患纠纷现状及原因分析%Current Situation and Cause Analysis of Medical Disputes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刁保平

    2015-01-01

    目的:通过对医患纠纷的现状及原因分析,制定医疗纠纷的防范对策,重建和谐医患关系。方法从医方、患方以及医患之外的因素来分析和探究造成医疗纠纷的原因。结果近年来医疗纠纷事件恶性程度呈逐年严重趋势,医疗纠纷事件赔偿金额逐年增加。医院注重经济效益、医生技术水平以及服务态度低下、患方维权方式不当、新闻媒体的负面影响均可导致乃至促进医疗纠纷的发生。结论呼吁全社会关注医患关系状况,对医患关系状况有更加充分而准确的认识,加快医疗卫生立法,健全法律法规,使医疗活动有法可依,创建和谐的医患关系。%Objective Through the analysis of the current situation and the causes of the medical disputes, and to formulate the preventive measures to reconstruct the harmonious relationship between doctors and patients. Methods To analyze the factors from doctors, patients and doctors outside and explore the causes of medical disputes. Results In recent years, the medical disputes in the event of malignant degree of serious trend, the amount of medical malpractice compensation increased year by year. The hospital pays attention to the economic benefits, the doctors' technical level and the low service attitude, the wrong way, the negative influence of the news media can lead to the medical disputes. Conclusion A call for the whole society pays close attention to the relationship between doctors and patients, the relationship between doctors and patients have more full and accurate understanding, speeds up the health legislation, perfect laws and regulations, the medical activities in accordance with the law, create a harmonious relationship between doctors and patients.

  10. Emergency Management Researching Situation Analysis Based on Knowledge Map%基于知识图谱的应急管理研究态势分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王云才; 牛聚粉

    2012-01-01

    For the ends of showing the international emergency management researching situation intuitively , an emergency management knowledge map was drawn using cite space II software on the basis of documents and data in SSCI database from 2001 to 2011. Through the visualized analysis of emergency management knowledge map, the emergency management researching power distribution at the international level, the emergency management researching origin and knowledge accumulation, the emergency management researching discipline and subject distribution, and the emergency management researching front in the international scope were showed. The results show that emergency management has become a focus of attention global level, the main researching power is concentrated in the developed western countries , the related research originated in the medical field, the field of study has now extended to include natural disasters, accidents disasters, public health events, social security incidents and many other fields, the problems of emergency management researching front focus on "terrorism" , "real-time monitoring of production " , "emergency" , "emergency response" , "emergency care" , etc.%为直观展现国际范围内应急管理的研究态势,以2001-2011年间SSCI数据库中相关文献和数据为基础,运用Cite SpaceⅡ软件绘制应急管理研究领域的知识图谱.通过知识图谱可视化分析,展示国际应急管理领域主要研究力量的分布,应急管理研究的起源与知识基础,其学科领域和前沿的基本态势.研究结果表明,应急管理已成为研究热点,主要力量集中在欧美发达国家.相关研究起源于医疗卫生领域,目前研究内容延伸到自然灾害、事故灾难、公共卫生事件与社会安全事件等诸多领域.研究前沿问题集中在“恐怖主义”、“实时生产监控”、“突发事件”、“应急响应”、“应急护理”等方面.

  11. Situation analysis in a large urban area of India, prior to launching a programme of mass drug administrations to eliminate lymphatic filariasis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramaiah, K D; Vijay Kumar, K N; Ravi, R; Das, P K

    2005-04-01

    The main strategy now adopted for the elimination of lymphatic filariasis (LF) is based on mass drug administrations (MDA). Annual administration of antifilarial drugs to 65%-80% of the population at risk of the disease is believed to be necessary if LF is to be eliminated, at least as a public-health problem, within a reasonable time-frame. To facilitate the development of drug-delivery strategies that are sufficient to ensure such high treatment coverages in large urban areas, a situation analysis was undertaken in the Indian city of Chennai. The subjects interviewed came from households with high, moderate, low or very low incomes. A lack of information on the prevalence and socio-economic impact of the disease meant that LF was not viewed as a major pubic-health problem in the study area, even though cases of elephantiasis and hydrocele were detected in 2%-8% and 7%-20% of the households investigated. Overall, 40% of the interviewees from very-low-income households and 78% of those from middle-income households knew that (the parasite causing) elephantiasis was transmitted by mosquitoes. Only 4% of the subjects from high-income areas and 1% of those from low-income areas were aware that filarial infection was a major cause of hydrocele. Most of the subjects (>55% of each of the four socio- economic groups considered) felt that they were not at risk of developing elephantiasis. When specifically asked, only 35% of the subjects from high-income households but 84% of those from low-income households said that they would be willing to consume tablets of an antifilarial drug (diethylcarbamazine) in MDA to eliminate LF. It is therefore unclear whether high-income households in urban areas should be included in MDA programmes. The interviewees felt that an intensive campaign of information, education, communication and advocacy would be necessary if an effective MDA-based programme were to be implemented. Drug distribution through the health services was the most

  12. Is focus on prevention missing in national health programs? A situation analysis of IEC/BCC/Health promotion activities in a district setting of Punjab and Haryana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jarnail Singh Thakur

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Context: Health promotion (HP has been an integral part of all national programs although it has been a low priority in India, which has resulted in a failure to achieve the desired results. Settings and Design: Situation analysis of information education communication (IEC/behavior change communication (BCC/HP activities within the existing national health programs was undertaken in the district of Hoshiarpur in Punjab and the district of Ambala in Haryana during 2013-14. Materials and Methods: Facility-based assessments were done by conducting in-depth interviews with stakeholders, program officers, medical officers, health workers, and counselors. Household survey (332 individuals and exit interview (102 interviews were conducted to assess the knowledge of the community regarding key risk factors. Results: There was a high vacancy in the mass media division with 40% (2 out of 5 and 89% (8 out of 9 of the sanctioned positions vacant in Hoshiarpur and Ambala, respectively, with low capacity of staff and budget. There was no annual calendar, logbook of activities with poor recording of IEC material received and disseminated. The knowledge of community members regarding key risk factors such as tobacco use, salt intake, blood pressure level, anemia, and tuberculosis was 77.3%, 26.4%, 16.4%, 32.7%, and 91.8%, respectively, in the district of Ambala as compared to 77.5%, 37.5%, 33.3%, 25.8%, and 88.3%, respectively, in the district of Hoshiarpur. The village health and sanitation committee (VHSC in the district of Hoshiarpur and village level core committee (VLCC in the district of Ambala were found to be nonfunctional with no Iec/Bcc activities in the covered villages in the last month. Monitoring and supervision of Iec/Bcc activities were poor in both the districts. Conclusions: Iec/Bcc/HP is a neglected area in national health programs in the selected districts with inadequate budget, human resources with poor implementation, and requires

  13. Situational analysis of communication of HIV and AIDS information to persons with visual impairment: a case of Kang'onga Production Centre in Ndola, Zambia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chintende, Grace Nsangwe; Sitali, Doreen; Michelo, Charles; Mweemba, Oliver

    2017-04-04

    Despite the increases in health promotion and educational programs on HIV and AIDS, lack of information and communication on HIV and AIDS for the visually impaired persons continues. The underlying factors that create the information and communication gaps have not been fully explored in Zambia. It is therefore important that, this situational analysis on HIV and AIDS information dissemination to persons with visual impairments at Kang'onga Production Centre in Ndola was conducted. The study commenced in December 2014 to May 2015. A qualitative case study design was employed. The study used two focus group discussions with males and females. Each group comprised twelve participants. Eight in-depth interviews involving the visually impaired persons and five key informants working with visually impaired persons were conducted. Data was analysed thematically using NVIVO 8 software. Ethical clearance was sought from Excellency in Research Ethics and Science. Reference Number 2014-May-030. It was established that most visually impaired people lacked knowledge on the cause, transmission and treatment of HIV and AIDS resulting in misconceptions. It was revealed that health promoters and people working with the visually impaired did not have specific HIV and AIDS information programs in Zambia. Further, it was discovered that the media, information education communication and health education were channels through which the visually impaired accessed HIV and AIDS information. Discrimination, stigma, lack of employment opportunities, funding and poverty were among the many challenges identified which the visually impaired persons faced in accessing HIV and AIDS information. Integration of the visually impaired in HIV and AIDS programs would increase funding for economic empowerment and health promotions in order to improve communication on HIV and AIDS information. The study showed that, the visually impaired persons in Zambia are not catered for in the dissemination of HIV

  14. Implementation synergies that exploit situational knowledge strategically

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Quitzau, Maj-Britt; Petersen, Jens-Phillip

    This paper illustrates how strategic and situated forms of knowledge may increase capacity to implement energy strategies in local urban development projects. Through analysis of front runner implementation projects, we show that the involved planners utilize situational learning processes.......g. regulation, with broader context‐specific learning processes. In doing so, we argue that – what we call – an implementation synergy is established by interlacing different forms of situational knowledge with strategic knowledge about how to reach a desired energy target. In conclusion, the paper identifies...

  15. Imagined and actual practices using ICT

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2014-01-01

    and the teachers actual teaching use of technology under observation; what may be described as a tool on the theoretical plane becomes a dynamic force in the social structure of the real-world classroom. We also find that this incongruity goes unnoticed by the teacher. We argue that the failure to notice...

  16. Humanistic Education and Self-Actualization Theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farmer, Rod

    1984-01-01

    Stresses the need for theoretical justification for the development of humanistic education programs in today's schools. Explores Abraham Maslow's hierarchy of needs and theory of self-actualization. Argues that Maslow's theory may be the best available for educators concerned with educating the whole child. (JHZ)

  17. Humanistic Education and Self-Actualization Theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farmer, Rod

    1984-01-01

    Stresses the need for theoretical justification for the development of humanistic education programs in today's schools. Explores Abraham Maslow's hierarchy of needs and theory of self-actualization. Argues that Maslow's theory may be the best available for educators concerned with educating the whole child. (JHZ)

  18. Developing Human Resources through Actualizing Human Potential

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clarken, Rodney H.

    2012-01-01

    The key to human resource development is in actualizing individual and collective thinking, feeling and choosing potentials related to our minds, hearts and wills respectively. These capacities and faculties must be balanced and regulated according to the standards of truth, love and justice for individual, community and institutional development,…

  19. COMMUNICATION IN GROUP SITUATIONS - ANALYSIS OF A MONTHLY MEETING BETWEEN MANAGERS AND NEWS-BILL EDITORS OF A SWEDISH EVENING NEWSPAPER (AFTONPRESSEN)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    ALVESSON, M; KARREMAN, D

    1995-01-01

    This article aims to illuminate certain cultural aspects of the work of an evening newspaper (working style, ways of thinking, assumptions about the business, its objectives, perceptions of the readership) as well as how communication in group situations contributes to the social construction of org

  20. 珠海口岸进境咖啡生豆检疫情况分析%The epidemic situation analysis of imported coffee bean in Zhuhai

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黎财慧; 廖力; 陈伟琪; 洪昱斌; 张建军; 吴长坤

    2011-01-01

    In recent years, the epidemic situation of the pest insects and diseases of coffee bean increased with the increase number of imported coffee bean in Zhuhai. In this paper,we analysised the epidemic situation of imported coffee bean, combined the epidemic situation happened around the world and the situation of the coffee planded in our contry, finally tried to discuss the quarantine emphasis of imported coffee bean.%近年来,随着珠海口岸咖啡生豆进口量的增加,口岸截获咖啡果小蠹等有害生物的疫情也不断增加.本文通过对珠海地区进境咖啡生豆截获疫情分析,结合国外疫情发生情况,对我国口岸进境咖啡生豆检疫工作的重点进行探讨.

  1. Analysis of spatio-temporal patterns of African swine fever cases in Russian wild boar does not reveal an endemic situation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lange, M; Siemen, H; Blome, S; Thulke, H-H

    2014-11-15

    African swine fever (ASF) is a highly lethal viral disease of domestic pigs and wild boar. ASF was introduced into the southern Russian Federation in 2007 and is now reported to be spreading in populations of wild and domestic suids. An endemic situation in the local wild boar population would significantly complicate management of the disease in the livestock population. To date no sound method exists for identifying the characteristic pattern of an endemic situation, which describes infection persisting from generation to generation in the same population. To support urgent management decisions at the wildlife-livestock interface, a new algorithm was constructed to test the hypothesis of an endemic disease situation in wildlife on the basis of case reports. The approach described here uses spatial and temporal associations between observed diagnostic data to discriminate between endemic and non-endemic patterns of case occurrence. The algorithm was validated with data from an epidemiological simulation model and applied to ASF case data from southern Russia. Based on the algorithm and the diagnostic data available, the null hypothesis of an endemic situation of ASF in wild boar of the region was rejected.

  2. Analysis on Current Situation of English Teaching in Rural Primary Schools-Take Tai gu County in Shan Xi Province as an example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Hui

    2014-01-01

    Nowadays, English education in rural areas draws more attention in the society. However, the current situation of Eng-lish teaching is worrying. Visit and investigated Limeizhuang primary school in Taigu County, Shanxi province and found some problems, so as to promote English teaching in rural primary schools.

  3. Tendencias actuales y futuras de la terapia de familias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Almagro Domínguez

    1996-06-01

    Full Text Available Se exponen brevemente la situación actual y las perspectivas de la terapia familiar a partir de la información obtenida en el Séptimo Congreso de IFTA (International Family Therapy Association, celebrado en Guadalajara, México, en Octubre de 1995. Los criterios actuales abarcan desde el ciclo vital y las técnicas nuevas, hasta el tratamiento familiar del SIDA y el cáncer. El futuro se considera, en general, promisorio para estas terapias. Se habla de relacionar diagnósticos, enseñanza integrada a planes de estudio y entrenamiento de personal comunitario; todo ello como perspectiva de la terapia de familiasThe present situation and the outlooks of family therapy based on the information obtained at the 7th Congress of the International Family Therapy Association, held in Guadalajara, Mexico, in October, 1995, are briefly explained. New criteria embrace from the vital cycle and the new techniques to the family treatment of AIDS and cancer. In general, the future is considered as promising for these therapies. It is talked about relating diagnoses, integrating teaching to curricula, and training community personal; all of it as a prospect of family therapy.

  4. Actual curriculum development practices instrument: Testing for factorial validity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foi, Liew Yon; Bakar, Kamariah Abu; Hamzah, Mohd Sahandri Gani; Alwi, Nor Hayati

    2014-09-01

    The Actual Curriculum Development Practices Instrument (ACDP-I) was developed and the factorial validity of the ACDP-I was tested (n = 107) using exploratory factor analysis procedures in the earlier work of [1]. Despite the ACDP-I appears to be content and construct valid instrument with very high internal reliability qualities for using in Malaysia, the accumulated evidences are still needed to provide a sound scientific basis for the proposed score interpretations. Therefore, the present study addresses this concern by utilising the confirmatory factor analysis to further confirm the theoretical structure of the variable Actual Curriculum Development Practices (ACDP) and enrich the psychometrical properties of ACDP-I. Results of this study have practical implication to both researchers and educators whose concerns focus on teachers' classroom practices and the instrument development and validation process.

  5. Bulgarian Scientific Periodicals: Actual Problems [In Bulgarian

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B.V. Toshev

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available A few Bulgarian scientific periodicals are presented in secondary science litera-ture. Then all the other Bulgarian journals themselves should be considered as situated in marginal publishing field. Hence, reduce the visibility of the scien-tific articles that appear in these magazines has resulted to lost the world scien-tific recognition of authors of those papers. With changes in science policy this unfavorable situation can be improved. Necessary measures and mistakes in science policy in Bulgaria are described in this article.

  6. A Situative Response to the Conundrum of Formative Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hickey, Daniel T.

    2015-01-01

    While formative assessment is popular, it is difficult to evaluate and improve. In some settings, it may actually reduce disciplinary learning by competing with other more productive activities, making those activities less engaging, and narrowing curricular goals. Situative approaches to educational assessment offer a solution by (a) blurring the…

  7. International Energy Situation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhao Hongtu

    2007-01-01

    The international energy situation has entered a new phase of change and readjustment. On the one hand, while imbalances in petroleum market supply-demand have been alleviated , the consuming states are now focusing on demand side management and development of new and renewable energy. There has been great progress in international energy security dialogue and cooperation. On the other hand , supply-demand market balance remains fragile , and restrictions due to insufficient energy investment are more evident. The concerned states have taken a stronger grip over their own resources. Implementation of energy diplomacy has also further complicated the relationship between energy and geo-politics, causing an upsurge of competition.

  8. Violence as Situational Action

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kyle H. Treiber

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Violence comes in many forms and occurs in many different circumstances for many different reasons. Is it really possible to develop a single theory that can explain all these disparate acts? In this paper, we argue it is. We make the case that acts of violence are essentially moral actions and therefore can, and should, be analysed and explained as such. We maintain that all acts of violence can be explained within the general framework of a theory of moral action. We present just such a theory – Situational Action Theory – and demonstrate how it can be applied to the explanation and study of violence.

  9. Analysis on Relationship between Social Situation and Behavior of Individual Dress%浅析社会情境与个人着装行为的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    芮秀

    2016-01-01

    人与服装和社会有着密不可分的联系。人的着装行为更是受到了社会环境的影响。个体参与到社会环境中并因此而产生的心理活动就是社会心理学中所谓的社会情境。社会情境直接影响着个体的着装行为。无论是从服装的产生来看还是到对个人着装行为的研究都离不开社会情境这一因素。不同的社会情境中个体的着装行为会发生变化。同一社会情境中不同个体之间的着装行为也不一样。个体会根据特定的社会情境来选择着装,并且通过他人反映的情况来决定下次在相同场合下自己应该要怎样穿着。%People, clothing and society have inextricably connection. The behavior of individual dress is inlfuenced by the social environment. When the individuals involve in the social environment and produce mental activity is the so-called social psychology in social situation. Social situation directly affects the individual's dress behavior. Whether from clothes' appearance or the research of personal attire behavior, they are inseparable from the factor that is a social situation. In different social situations, the behavior of individual dress will change. Even in the same social situation, dressing behaviors between individuals are not the same. Individuals will choose to dress according to speciifc social situations, and by others' reaction to determine how to dress next time on the same occasion.

  10. Research of Data Analysis Teaching Based on Situated Cognition and Learning%基于情境认知学习理论的数据分析课程教学探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    窦建君; 张克军

    2014-01-01

    基于数据分析课堂教学的本质特点,为了使情境认知学习的教学模式研究真正走进数据分析课程教学,本文从五个方面来探究数据分析的教学过程。%In order to study the teaching mode of the situated cognition and learning to enter the real data analysis teaching, this paper explores the teaching process of data analysis from five aspects, based on the essential characteristics of data analy-sis teaching.

  11. Analysis on the Application of Situational Education on Tour Guide Operation%情境教学法在导游业务课程中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱海艳

    2012-01-01

    本文首先对情境教学法进行概述,并总结了该方法的特点.同时,本文指出了导游业务课程传统教学法的不足.最后在理论研究的基础上,笔者结合自身的教学实践,探讨了在导游业务课程教学中运用情境教学的途径、模式设计和案例分析.%At first, this paper explained the situational teaching and summed up its characters.At the same time, it pointed out the disadvantage of traditional teaching way. Finally, the author explored the way, model design and case studies of the application of situational teaching in tour guide operation lessons based on theoretical research.

  12. Clinical analysis of anaemia and nutritional situation in the elderly population%老年人贫血及营养状况分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卞爱琳; 卢惠茹; 梁刚; 王小飞

    2011-01-01

    differences among four groups in Hb and ALB levels (P<0.01 ),and partially differences in TG, Cr and MCV levels (P<0.05).(3)The Hb level was significantly correlated with TG, ALB, Fer and MCV levels (r=0.115,0.211, 0.114 and 0.089, all P<0.01 ) from Pearson analysis.Conclusions Anemia incidence in elderly population is increased along with aging and is higher in women than in men, especially higher in 80 years and over group.Nutritional situation gets worse with aging.

  13. 海战场赛博空间态势感知能力定量分析%Quantitative Analysis on Sea Battlefield Cyberspace Situation Awareness Capability

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    聂忠; 黄高明; 李仙茂

    2011-01-01

    海战场赛博空间态势感知包括感知层、理解层和预测层3个层级,感知层体现为信息域能力,理解层和预测层体现为认知域能力。分别提出了信息域和认知域能力的度量方法,其中信息域能力的度量是通过构建完备性、准确性、时效性3个指标,来衡量战场态势与输出态势的差异,认知域能力的度量采取德尔菲法,得出了海战场赛博空间态势感知能力的度量方法。%Cyberspace situation awareness in sea battlefield includes perception layer,comprehension layer and projection layer,the perception layer refelcts as the capability in information domain,the comprehension layer and projection layer refelct as the capability in cognition domain.This paper proposes the methods to measure the capability in information domain and cognition domain respectively,and uses three indexes of maturity,exactness,timeliness to measure the capability in information domain which can measure the difference between battlefield situation and output situation,uses Delphi method to measure the capability in cognition domain,obtain sthe measurement methods of cyberspace situation awareness capability in sea battlefield.

  14. An Analysis on Thailand's Economic Situation During Thaksin'Four- year Administration%他信执政四年来泰国经济形势分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢丽梅

    2005-01-01

    Since Thaksin' s four - year rule, Thailand' s economy has been steered out of the shadow of financial crisis, moved into a new turn of accelerating growth and is now walking towards the continuous and steady track thanks to ,from the internal factor, his Administration' s dual - track economic policy and from the external factor, the recovery of the international economic situation and the accelerating growth of Chinese economy.

  15. Towards Designing Android Faces after Actual Humans

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vlachos, Evgenios; Schärfe, Henrik

    2015-01-01

    Using their face as their prior affective interface, android robots and other agents embody emotional facial expressions, and convey messages on their identity, gender, age, race, and attractiveness. We are examining whether androids can convey emotionally relevant information via their static...... facial sig-nals, just as humans do. Based on the fact that social information can be accu-rately identified from still images of nonexpressive unknown faces, a judgment paradigm was employed to discover, and compare the style of facial expres-sions of the Geminoid-DK android (modeled after an actual...... initially made for the Original, suggesting that androids inherit the same style of facial expression as their originals. Our findings support the case of designing android faces after specific actual persons who portray facial features that are familiar to the users, and also relevant to the notion...

  16. El valor actual de la Universidad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Sancén Contreras

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo aborda el concepto mismo de valor, y se le concibe como una creación y una práctica individual y social. Definir el valor actual de la Universidad lleva a una discusión que se resuelve en la búsqueda de lo que ella ha de significar para la sociedad actual. El valor que tradicionalmente se le atribuye —transmisión de conocimientos e investigación— es ya inoperante dado que sus funciones centrales se realizan con éxito fuera de Ella. Por eso se postula el valor de la Universidad en la incorporación de la imaginación creativa para formar a los estudiantes en la conciencia y la responsabilidad de crear su futuro personal y el de la sociedad. Dicho valor no se limita al pasado ni al presente; asume a éstos como lo que da forma al futuro. Enseñar e investigar los asuntos de la sociedad y de sus miembros para construir su futuro a través de una actitud imaginativa, creadora, es el valor actual de la Universidad.

  17. 2011年铁矿资源供需分析及2012年形势展望%Analysis of supply and demand of iron ore resources in 2011 and prospecting for 2012 situation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雷平喜

    2012-01-01

    In 2011, international situation was unpredictable, China's economic development growed slowly, the steel industry also experienced in a serious situation. In this paper, in view of the steel industry situation in 2011, the author analyzes supply and demand of iron ore and exploration of iron ore, resource safeguard, iron ore production, import of iron ore and so on, prospecting for supply and demand situation of iron ore in 2012. On the basis of the above analysis, the author puts forward to policy suggestions of development and utilization of iron ore resources.%2011年,国际局势变化莫测,中国经济发展增速下降,钢铁行业在这一年也经历较为严重的局面.本文针对2011年钢铁行业的形势,分析了铁矿供需以及铁矿的勘查、资源保障、铁矿石产量、铁矿石进口等方面问题,展望2012年铁矿石供需形势,在以上分析的基础上,提出铁矿资源开发利用的政策建议.

  18. 浅析中学体育教育发展现状%Analysis on Present Situation of Middle School Physic Education Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱同超; 方涛; 郝世煜

    2016-01-01

    With the improvement of China's social and economic,and continuous enhancement of overall national strength and international competitiveness of the rose,our education set up a new goal,also faces a new and enormous challenge and was forced to accelerate the pace of education reform.They say education is the Foundation of our talents are the source of power. A country's education should not only pay attention to the cultivation of ideological and cultural qualities,you should focus your physical health and mental health training.Sport as an important course of our educational courses,its importance should not be overlooked.Physical education has increased to a great extent on motor skills learning and mastering,enhancing people's physique.In the case of progress and development of the national economy,the importance of secondary education has become increasingly evident.Enhancement under the background of the increasing concern is of great significance to the study of physical education in middle school.This analysis will focus on the development of school physical education present situation, existed problems and solutions,and future trends.%随着我国社会经济的不断完善,综合国力的不断增强以及国际竞争力的逐步提升,我国的教育事业重新设定了新的目标,同时也面临着新的、巨大的挑战,也不得不加快教育改革的步伐。俗话说:教育为立国之本,人才乃强国之源。学校体育只重视思想文化素质的培养是不够的,身体的健康以及心理素质提高同样重要。体育作为我国教育课程中的一门重要课程,它的重要性是不容忽视的。在国民经济日益进步和发展的情况下,中学教育的重要性也越来越明显。中国教育处在飞速发展的状态,人们对教育的关注度也越来越高,了解中学教育发展的现状,加强中学体育教育的研究具有重要意义。该文将重点分析中学体育教育的发展

  19. Putting judging situations into situational judgment tests: evidence from intercultural multimedia SJTs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rockstuhl, Thomas; Ang, Soon; Ng, Kok-Yee; Lievens, Filip; Van Dyne, Linn

    2015-03-01

    Although the term situational judgment test (SJT) implies judging situations, existing SJTs focus more on judging the effectiveness of different response options (i.e., response judgment) and less on how people perceive and interpret situations (i.e., situational judgment). We expand the traditional SJT paradigm and propose that adding explicit assessments of situational judgment to SJTs will provide incremental information beyond that provided by response judgment. We test this hypothesis across 4 studies using intercultural multimedia SJTs. Study 1 uses verbal protocol analysis to discover the situational judgments people make when responding to SJT items. Study 2 shows situational judgment predicts time-lagged, peer-rated task performance and interpersonal citizenship among undergraduate seniors over and above response judgment and other established predictors. Study 3 shows providing situational judgment did not affect the predictive validity of response judgment. Study 4 replicates Study 2 in a working adult sample. We discuss implications for SJT theory as well as the practical implications of putting judging situations back into SJTs.

  20. An Event Based Approach To Situational Representation

    CERN Document Server

    Ashish, Naveen; Mehrotra, Sharad; Venkatasubramanian, Nalini

    2009-01-01

    Many application domains require representing interrelated real-world activities and/or evolving physical phenomena. In the crisis response domain, for instance, one may be interested in representing the state of the unfolding crisis (e.g., forest fire), the progress of the response activities such as evacuation and traffic control, and the state of the crisis site(s). Such a situation representation can then be used to support a multitude of applications including situation monitoring, analysis, and planning. In this paper, we make a case for an event based representation of situations where events are defined to be domain-specific significant occurrences in space and time. We argue that events offer a unifying and powerful abstraction to building situational awareness applications. We identify challenges in building an Event Management System (EMS) for which traditional data and knowledge management systems prove to be limited and suggest possible directions and technologies to address the challenges.