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Sample records for academia sinica institute

  1. Electromagnetic separation of stable isotopes at the Institute of Atomic Energy, Academia Sinica

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hua, M.; Li, G.; Su, S.; Mao, N.; Lu, H.

    1981-01-01

    For almost 20 years the Institute of Atomic Energy, Academia Sinica has been separating stable isotopes of the elements by electromagnetic separators and supplying these materials to research work in many fields of our country. In this article we shall attempt to outline the growth of the effort and describe the present situation. (orig.)

  2. Neutron therapy facility at the Institute of High Energy Physics, Academia Sinica

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhu, Y.C.

    1983-12-01

    The 10 MeV proton linac which was designed as preinjector for the Beijing 50 GeV Proton Synchrotron (BPS) was completed by the end of 1982. Because of the economic readjustment in the People's Republic of China the BPS project was cancelled. Then, the Institute of High Energy Physics decided to increase the energy of the linac from 10 MeV to 35.5 MeV. This increase will take place using the primary five megawatts RF system of the 10 MeV linac. This 35.5 MeV proton linac will be used for research in radiomedicine and radiobiology in general and in particular for research in fast neutron therapy and radiopharmaceutical production. This project has been approved by the Academia Sinica

  3. CPTAC Establishes Formal Relationships with Two Academic Institutions in Taiwan | Office of Cancer Clinical Proteomics Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    The National Cancer Institute's Clinical Proteomic Tumor Analysis Consortium (CPTAC) has entered into memorandum of understandings (MOUs) with Chang Gung University and Academia Sinica, in Taipei, Taiwan.

  4. Greening academia: developing sustainable waste management at Higher Education Institutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, N; Williams, I D; Kemp, S; Smith, N F

    2011-07-01

    Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) are often the size of small municipalities. Worldwide, the higher education (HE) sector has expanded phenomenally; for example, since the 1960s, the United Kingdom (UK) HE system has expanded sixfold to >2.4 million students. As a consequence, the overall production of waste at HEIs throughout the world is very large and presents significant challenges as the associated legislative, economic and environmental pressures can be difficult to control and manage. This paper critically reviews why sustainable waste management has become a key issue for the worldwide HE sector to address and describes some of the benefits, barriers, practical and logistical problems. As a practical illustration of some of the issues and problems, the four-phase waste management strategy developed over 15 years by one of the largest universities in Southern England--the University of Southampton (UoS)--is outlined as a case study. The UoS is committed to protecting the environment by developing practices that are safe, sustainable and environmentally friendly and has developed a practical, staged approach to manage waste in an increasingly sustainable fashion. At each stage, the approach taken to the development of infrastructure (I), service provision (S) and behavior change (B) is explained, taking into account the Political, Economic, Social, Technological, Legal and Environmental (PESTLE) factors. Signposts to lessons learned, good practice and useful resources that other institutions--both nationally and internationally--can access are provided. As a result of the strategy developed at the UoS, from 2004 to 2008 waste costs fell by around £125k and a recycling rate of 72% was achieved. The holistic approach taken--recognizing the PESTLE factors and the importance of a concerted ISB approach--provides a realistic, successful and practical example for other institutions wishing to effectively and sustainably manage their waste. Copyright © 2011

  5. Greening academia: Developing sustainable waste management at Higher Education Institutions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhang, N.; Williams, I.D.; Kemp, S.; Smith, N.F.

    2011-01-01

    Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) are often the size of small municipalities. Worldwide, the higher education (HE) sector has expanded phenomenally; for example, since the 1960s, the United Kingdom (UK) HE system has expanded sixfold to >2.4 million students. As a consequence, the overall production of waste at HEIs throughout the world is very large and presents significant challenges as the associated legislative, economic and environmental pressures can be difficult to control and manage. This paper critically reviews why sustainable waste management has become a key issue for the worldwide HE sector to address and describes some of the benefits, barriers, practical and logistical problems. As a practical illustration of some of the issues and problems, the four-phase waste management strategy developed over 15 years by one of the largest universities in Southern England - the University of Southampton (UoS) - is outlined as a case study. The UoS is committed to protecting the environment by developing practices that are safe, sustainable and environmentally friendly and has developed a practical, staged approach to manage waste in an increasingly sustainable fashion. At each stage, the approach taken to the development of infrastructure (I), service provision (S) and behavior change (B) is explained, taking into account the Political, Economic, Social, Technological, Legal and Environmental (PESTLE) factors. Signposts to lessons learned, good practice and useful resources that other institutions - both nationally and internationally - can access are provided. As a result of the strategy developed at the UoS, from 2004 to 2008 waste costs fell by around Pounds 125k and a recycling rate of 72% was achieved. The holistic approach taken - recognizing the PESTLE factors and the importance of a concerted ISB approach - provides a realistic, successful and practical example for other institutions wishing to effectively and sustainably manage their waste.

  6. 數位圖書博物館的資訊基礎建設──中央研究院Metadata的規劃設計與實施 | Metadata Practice for the Digital Library──A View from Academia Sinica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    陳亞寧等 Ya-ning Chen et al.

    1999-10-01

    Full Text Available

    頁次:71-90

    面對日益增多的資訊組織需求,已有許多單位從事詮釋資料(Metadata 的制訂與應用,同時也成為各國數位圖書博物館計畫中的必備研究項目之一。然而,在眾多各式詮釋資料格式元素中,如何選取一套適用的詮釋資料,卻是極為不易。本文主旨在於以中央研究院個案研究為例,探緊詮釋資料的發展設計、規畫分析與實施應用。本文共分為六部份,計有計畫緣起、文獻探討與分析(包括詮釋資料的定義、發展方式、範團與功能、形態、元素的屬性與發展途徑及選擇與評鑑、實施方式、研究成果、研究發現及結語等。

    Nowadays diverse metadata formats have been developed and used to organize the digital information and achieve resources discovery. It seems to be a dilemma how to apply specific metadata format to accommodate all different contents similar to Academia Sinica situation. The purpose of this paper will first take a literature review on state-of-the-art of metadata. Then authors will explain how Academia Sinica develops a me1ada1a framework environment to integrate any current metadata formats into a common model. Finally, the paper will clarify the research results and findings, and suggest the future research for Academia Sinica.

  7. Acta Genetica Sinica (Selected Articles),

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-04-04

    0879-8SF/ /3 N IT 0󈧬 112. MIRCK L~~Nj~ %. *- - - - - - - - -I.. * .. - II , I FTD-ID(RS)T-0879-85 oM FOREIGN TECHNOLOGY DIVISION ACTA GENETICA SINICA...34 ’ ° ° ° !4 :A.. it.i FTD- ID(RS)T-0879-85 HUMAN TRANSLATION FTD-ID(RS)T-0879-85 4 April 1986 MICROFICHE NR: FTD-86-C-001691 ACTA GENETICA SINICA...merged into this translation were extracted from the best quality copy available. •i 12 (2): 93-101, 1985 Yichuan Xuebao (Acta Genetica Sinica) Genetic

  8. GENDERED CAREER PRODUCTIVITY AND SUCCESS IN ACADEMIA IN INDONESIA’S ISLAMIC HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nur Kholis

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Career advancement in Indonesian academia is nationally regulated. It, theoretically, provides equal opportunities for men and women to be productive and successful. The purpose of this study is to analyze gender effects on academic career productivity and success. Seven-hundred and fifty questionnaires were distributed randomly to eight Islamic Higher Education Institutions in seven provinces, from which 220 (Men = 57.7%, and Women = 42.3% respondents returned the questionnaires with an analyzable quality. Descriptive and multivariate analyses are employed for analyzing and presenting the results. The paper argues that women in Islamic Higher Education Institutions are less productive in terms of publications, hold lower academic rank and leadership positions, and earn significantly less than men. It further argues that Islamic Higher Education Institutions should provide specific empowerment for women by, for example, providing support for their continuing education, professional development, and career opportunities.

  9. [The thirty years of Acta Genetica Sinica].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Shao-Wu; Zhou, Su; Xue, Yong-Biao; Zhu, Li-Huang

    2003-04-01

    Acta Genetica Sinica (AGS) is sponsored by the Genetics Society of China and the Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology of Chinese Academy of Sciences, and is published by Science Press. The journal is a leading national academic periodical and one of the Chinese key periodicals of natural sciences. Currently, AGS is being indexed by several well-known domestic and international indexing systems, such as the American Chemical Digest (CA), BIOSIS database, Biological Digest (BA), Medical Index and Russian Digest (P [symbol: see text]). Papers in the areas of genetics, developmental biology, cell molecular biology and evolution are regularly published by AGS.

  10. German Academia Heading for Sustainability? Reflections on Policy and Practice in Teaching, Research and Institutional Innovations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adomssent, Maik; Michelsen, Gerd

    2006-01-01

    This article discusses how far (and by what practical means) the growing global trend for universities to commit to sustainable development has spread across German academia. Following this introduction, part 2 will outline the political framework of the sustainability discourse in German higher education. Part 3 will emphasise the integration of…

  11. Acta Aeronautica et Astronautica Sinica.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-12-29

    SPECIMENS 68 WITH SINGLE EDGE NOTCH Liu Ligeng, Chen Xianxi and Cai Qigong (Central Iron and Steel Research Institute) ON THE DESIGN OF TRANSONIC TURBINE...et al, Mechanism of Overload Effect on Fatigue Crack Propagation in Aluminum Alloy. Eng. Fract. Mech. 1978 No. 2. (13) Chen Hu, Cai Qigong et al...this paper. 67b J-INTEGRAL EXPERIMENTAL CALIBRATION OF SHEET SPECIMENS WITH SINGLE EDGE NOTCH Lui Ligeng, Chen Xianxi and Cai Qigong (Central Iron and

  12. Preliminary conclusions of the Royal Society and Academia Sinica 1985 geotraverse of Tibet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Chengfa; Deng, Wanming; Chen, Nansheng; Dewey, J. F.; Coward, M. P.

    1986-01-01

    The preliminary fieldwork results of a geological traverse across the high Tibetan plateau during June and July 1985 are presented. An effort was made to investigate the origin and chronology of successive collisions of continental fragments with Laurasian or Gondwanian provenance, and to ascertain how the crust of Tibet was thickened. The traverse followed the 1150-km-long Lhasa-Golmud highway; the pre-Cenzoic geology of the region is described from north to south.

  13. New Record of Sillago sinica (Pisces: Sillaginidae in Korean Waters, and Re-identification of Sillago parvisquamis Previously Reported from Korea as S. sinica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seung Eun Bae

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available A single specimen of the genus Sillago, collected from Gwangyang, Korea, in May 2009, is characterized by XI first dorsal fin spines, 3 or 4 rows of melanophore pattern along the second dorsal fin membrane, and a darkish posterior margin of the caudal fin. Our specimen was identified as Sillago sinica reported as a new species; this identification is confirmed by mitochondrial DNA cytochrome oxidase subunit I sequences, which show that our specimen corresponds to S. sinica (d=0.000 and differs from the congeneric species Sillago parvisquamis (d=0.170. Comparisons of Korean specimens previously reported as S. parvisquamis with specimens of S. sinica show that the S. parvisquamis specimens are actually S. sinica. We propose the new Korean name “buk-bang-jeom-bo-ri-myeol” for S. sinica.

  14. [Study on physiological characteristics of seed germination of Ephedra sinica].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seqinbateer; Khasbagan; Wurina; Wei, Xian-Jun

    2009-05-01

    To study the characteristics of the Ephedra sinica seed germination, to provide a basis for its cultivation. The seed germination inhibitive substances were studied by water washing method; the seed vigor was determined by TTC method and red ink method, the influence of growth substances to seed germination was studied by agar medium cultivation, and the influence of different sand burying depth on seed germination was studied by sand medium cultivation. The seed germination rates of dry seeds, seeds as 12 h soaking with distilled water, 12 h washing by water and with ensheathe phyllary were 44%, 61%, 79.9% and 0%. Treated with 40 mg/L GA, the seed germination enhanced significantly as the maximum seed germination rate was 94% after 2 d. Treated with 40 mg/L IAA and 40 mg/L 6-BA, the seed germination delayed as the maximum seed germination rate appeared after 7 d, and the difference of seed germination index between treated and CK was significant (Pseed germination rate gradually increased. But above 6 cm, when the depth increased, the seed germination rate gradually decreased. Moreover, as the sand burying depth increased, the root length changed in parabola-shaped and the stem length increased, but the root top radio decreased. The phyllary and seed of Ephedra sinica contain some seed germination inhibitors, adequate water washing, dealing with GA and so on can improve the seed germination rate and speed up the seed germination. Appropriate deep sand burying can also improve seed germination and seedling emergence of Ephedra sinica.

  15. Vivat academia! / Raili Sule

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sule, Raili, 1944-

    2009-01-01

    Eesti Muusika- ja Teatriakadeemia 90. aastapäeva tähistava uue kontserdisarja "Vivat academia!" avakontserdist 9. aprillil G. Otsa nimelises muusikakoolis, kus astusid üles Otsa kooli ja EMTA bigbändid

  16. Asking Questions in Academia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Annette Skovsted

    2014-01-01

    Motivation for the activity In academia the most important skill is to ask academically relevant and sound questions. This is not easy and students need to practice asking questions orally and in writing before they write research papers.......Motivation for the activity In academia the most important skill is to ask academically relevant and sound questions. This is not easy and students need to practice asking questions orally and in writing before they write research papers....

  17. Gender Inequality in Academia: Evidences from Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ogbogu, Christiana O.

    2011-01-01

    Universities and other institutions of higher education in Nigeria see themselves as liberal and open-minded. They support social movements that encourage principles of democracy and social justice, yet their mode of governance is male dominated and patriarchal. This study, therefore, identified the causes of gender inequality in academia and the…

  18. People’s Republic of China Scientific Abstracts No. 179

    Science.gov (United States)

    1977-11-08

    No 2, April 1977 7 CHIH-WU HSUEH-PAO [ACTA BOTANICA SINICA] No 2, June 1977 22 I-CH’UAN HSUEH-PAO [ACTA GENETICA SINICA] No 1...of light energy. How luminescent molecules can store such great energy has not yet been ascertained. 11310 CSÖ: J*009 21 ACTA BOTANICA SINICA...and Peking Institute of Botany, Academia Sinica TITLE: "Studies on Maize Anther Culture" SOURCE: Peking CHIH-WU HSUEH-PAO [ACTA BOTANICA SINICA

  19. Institutional Research Evaluation Model (IREM: A framework for measuring organizational research trends and impact and its application in medical academia in Saudi Arabia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mazen Hassanain

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Increased financial and human resource constraints for research and development (R&D imply rigorous research evaluation to guide the research policy for wise allocation of resources. In this study, we developed a conceptual framework called the “Institutional Research Evaluation Model” (IREM to evaluate the quality of research and its determinants. The IREM was then applied to a medical institution to study its applicability in Saudi Arabia. The IREM consists of five levels: duration decision; choice of research quality indicators [impact factor (IF, article influence scores (AIS, citations per paper (CPP, and publication in indexed journal]; trend indicators (numbers of publications, study design, subject; data extraction; and statistical techniques to determine the factors affecting impact of research. Application of the IREM to the College of Medicine, King Saud University (CMKSU for research evaluation from 2003 to 2013 revealed that during this duration, 1722 studies were published, the highest in 2013 (n = 314 and 85.5% (n = 1472 in indexed journals (p < 0.001. The mean IF was 2.6, mean AIS 1.16, and mean CPP 10.06. IF was positively associated with duration, indexation, CPP, and subject being human genetics at multivariable linear regression. The IREM is an applicable basic tool for institutional research evaluation which can guide the research policy.

  20. Steam distillation-solid-phase microextraction for the detection of Ephedra sinica in herbal preparations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tellez, Mari R; Khan, Ikhlas A; Schaneberg, Brian T; Crockett, Sara L; Rimando, Agnes M; Kobaisy, Mozaina

    2004-01-30

    A new method involving concurrent solid-phase microextraction combined with continuous hydrodistillation of essential oil was developed. This new methodology allowed for the detection by GC-MS of very small amounts of a diagnostic peak for the authentication of Ephedra sinica, in a short period of time and using only small sample sizes. This diagnostic peak was identified as 4-vinylanisole, and elucidated from the chromatographic profile allowed for the identification of a sample as E. sinica among other species investigated in this study. To the best of our knowledge this is the first report on using continuous solid-phase microextraction coupled to hydrodistillation for the investigation of essential oil components, and the first report of 4-vinylanisole as a marker compound for E. sinica. A total of 46 collections representing 21 species of Ephedra were studied.

  1. Academia Nacional de Medicina

    OpenAIRE

    Carlos Lleras Restrepo

    1988-01-01

    -Sesión del día 14 de abril de 1988-

    Oración institucional pronunciada por el expresidente de la República doctor Carlos Lleras Restrepo.

    Esta Academia me ha conferido el honor de pronunciar hoy, cuando el doctor Jorge Cavelier Gaviria toma posesión del cargo de presidente, la “Oración institucional” que tradicionalmente acompaña el relevo en la dire...

  2. Institutional Research Evaluation Model (IREM): A framework for measuring organizational research trends and impact and its application in medical academia in Saudi Arabia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hassanain, Mazen; Anil, Shirin; Abdo, Ayman

    2016-12-01

    Increased financial and human resource constraints for research and development (R&D) imply rigorous research evaluation to guide the research policy for wise allocation of resources. In this study, we developed a conceptual framework called the "Institutional Research Evaluation Model" (IREM) to evaluate the quality of research and its determinants. The IREM was then applied to a medical institution to study its applicability in Saudi Arabia. The IREM consists of five levels: duration decision; choice of research quality indicators [impact factor (IF), article influence scores (AIS), citations per paper (CPP), and publication in indexed journal]; trend indicators (numbers of publications, study design, subject); data extraction; and statistical techniques to determine the factors affecting impact of research. Application of the IREM to the College of Medicine, King Saud University (CMKSU) for research evaluation from 2003 to 2013 revealed that during this duration, 1722 studies were published, the highest in 2013 (n=314) and 85.5% (n=1472) in indexed journals (pinstitutional research evaluation which can guide the research policy. Copyright © 2016 Ministry of Health, Saudi Arabia. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  3. Noticias de la Academia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Hernández Saenz

    1991-09-01

    Full Text Available

    El primer trimestre de 1.991, fué de particular interés para la Academia, por la presentación de originales e interesantes contribuciones al acervo médico nacional.

    Temas: sobre Farmacología en Barranquilla, tratado por los Académicos Antonio Reales Orozco y José Francisco Socarrás; el Académico Enrique Núñez Olarte en sesión conjunta con la Sociedad Colombiana de Historia de la Medicina expuso la ponencia sobre El Dolor en la Historia de la Medicina la cual fue comentada por el doctor Enrique Osorio Fonseca; en foro abierto el Académico Guillermo Sánchez Medina, el doctor Egón Lichtemberger y el periodista Gustavo Castro Caicedo expusieron sobre los Aspectos Médico-Legales de la Violencia en Colombia; el Académico Alberto Albornoz-Plata disertó sobre Geofagia Masiva Imperiosa con comentarios del Académico Gonzalo López Escobar; en Simposio sobre Climaterio la Academia escuchó a los Académicos Alfredo Jácome Roca, Roberto Jaramillo Uricoechea, Fernando Sánchez Torres y por invitación al doctor William Onatra ; en sesión cultural se presentó el doctor Gustavo Vargas Martínez con su trabajo sobre Cartografía Hispánica Precolombina; el Académico Alfonso Latiff Conde para su ingreso a la Academia como Miembro Correspondiente presentó su estudio sobre Factores de Pronóstico en los Tumores del Riñón con comentarios del Académico Jorge Cavelier Gaviria.

    Libros: “Derechos del Enfermo Mental” y “Educación Integral- el mejor comportamiento para la salud -“, del Académico Gustavo Cristo Saldivia. Llevaron la palabra los Académicos Ernesto Plata Rueda y Fernando Sánchez Torres.

    Homenajes: a la memoria del Profesor Carlos Esguerra.

    Congresos: El doctor Juan Bernal, Presidente del VIII Congreso Latinoam ericano de Enfermedades de Transmisión Sexual y Sida, anuncia su realización en Santiago de Chile del 1 – 4 de

  4. Noticias de la Academia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Academia Nacional de Medicina

    1993-04-01

    Full Text Available

    Grata Celebración


    Con elegante reunión íntima, para la cual vinieron del exterior todos sus hijos y en la que tomaron parte distinguidos académicos, celebró su octogésimo cumpleaños el secretario de la Corporación, Académico de Número Mario Camacho Pinto, el día 18 de diciembre de 1992.

    El profesor Camacho Pinto, médico de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia y especializado en Neurocirugía en los Estados Unidos bajo la dirección de personalidades tan ilustres como Foster Kennedy, William Scarfy Lester Mount, regresó a Colombia en 1944 para traer la entonces novedosa especialidad, de la cual es pionero en nuestro país pues fue el primero que tuvo servicio en el Hospital de San Juan de Dios, la Hortúa de Bogotá y que fue designado docente en su Alma Mater.

    La Academia se une complacida a los parabienes que, con motivo de sus ochenta fructíferos años, ha recibido el señor Secretario...

  5. Academia Nacional de Medicina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Lleras Restrepo

    1988-08-01

    Full Text Available

    -Sesión del día 14 de abril de 1988-

    Oración institucional pronunciada por el expresidente de la República doctor Carlos Lleras Restrepo.

    Esta Academia me ha conferido el honor de pronunciar hoy, cuando el doctor Jorge Cavelier Gaviria toma posesión del cargo de presidente, la “Oración institucional” que tradicionalmente acompaña el relevo en la dirección de esta institución ilustre.

    Llega a la presidencia de la Academia el doctor Cavelier con méritos que justifican ampliamente esa designación. Sus estudios en el campo de la urología, con la introducción de nuevas técnicas quirúrgicas, y los referentes al cáncer de la próstata han mostrado su capacidad de investigador y de su consagración y competencia en la organización de la asistencia médica ha dado pruebas como jefe de servicio y luego director científico del hospital de “La Samaritana”, en cuya creación participó de manera decisiva su ilustre padre, como miembro de la directiva del Fondo Nacional Hospitalario y como director de la Clínica Marly, desde hace varios años.

    No puedo menos de recordar con emoción que entre quienes han precedido al doctor Cavelier Gaviria en la presidencia de esta Academia figura Federico Lleras Acosta. El3 de septiembre de 1936, día en que el presidente Alfonso López Pumarejo condecoró con la Cruz de Boyacá a esta Corporación, mi padre sucedió en su presidencia al doctor Rafael Ucrós, al completar 26 años de haber participado en sus trabajos como muy activo miembro. Las memorias dirigidas a ella sobre la inspección de las carnes, el carbón sintomático, la fiebre puerperal, la tuberculosis, el agua en Bogotá, la fiebre bubónica y las investigaciones sobre lepra en las cuales trabajaba entonces, con heroica tenacidad, merecieron de parte del presidente López Pumarejo palabras de reconocimiento que para mí son inolvidables. El doctor Jorge

  6. Reproductive biology of Magnolia sinica (Magnoliaecea, a threatened species with extremely small populations in Yunnan, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ye Chen

    2016-10-01

    M. sinica is a self-compatible, pollinator-dependent species, and its fruit/seed set can be significantly increased by hand-pollination. No functional seed dispersers have been found in its extant natural habitats. These findings suggest that it may face both pollination and seed disperser insufficiencies in its current fragmented habitats, which may account for its low regeneration. Here we propose conservation strategies based on our findings.

  7. Antioxidant Activities of Caragana sinica Flower Extracts and Their Main Chemical Constituents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhi-Gang Tai

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available The edible flowers of Caragana sinica are used in China a kind of health-promoting vegetable. In this study, the antioxidant activities of its ethanol extract, as well as its petroleum ether, ethyl acetate, n-butanol and water fractions, were evaluated through in vitro model systems including the DPPH, FRAP and β-carotene bleaching methods. Among the C. sinica flower extracts the ethyl acetate fraction was the most effective. Correlation analysis suggested that flavonoids might be the major contributors to the high antioxidant activity of this flower. Six flavonoids including quercetin (1, isoquercitrin (2, rutin (3, quercetin-3′-O-methyl-3-O-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl (1→6-β-D-glucopyranoside (4, typhaneoside (5 and quercetin-3-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl(1→2[α-L-rhamnopyranosyl (1→6]-β-D-glucopyranoside (6, were isolated from this flower for the first time. Their contents were determined by a HPLC method. Compounds 3 and 4 were found to be the major flavonoids, with concentrations of 1.20 ± 0.07 and 3.94 ± 0.12 mg/g dry sample, respectively. These results demonstrated that the C. sinica flowers may be valuable natural antioxidant sources and are potentially applicable in the health food industry.

  8. Tapping into Industry and Academia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Markus, Arjan; Rosenkopf, Lori

    of simultaneously sourcing academia and industry through hiring and collaboration we utilize a unique Danish dataset which draws on three independent data sources including employer-employee register data, R&D survey data, and patent application data from the European Patent Office. The analysis relies on 13472...... or academia domain. We interpret these results as evidence of knowledge redundancies, diseconomies of scope and attention-allocation problems. We contrast prior research on the benefits of involving external partners in a firm?s R&D process by underscoring negative marginal returns from simultaneously...

  9. Successful Industry/Academia Cooperation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stoustrup, Jakob

    2013-01-01

    The control literature is rich on impressive applications of advanced control, and within almost any industrial sector there are numerous examples of successful advanced control applications. Nevertheless, there is a widespread belief that there is still a wide potential for increased cooperation...... between academia and industry within this area. In this position paper, it is advocated that one of the enablers for successful cooperation between industry and academia within the control area is a proper framework for cooperation projects between companies and universities. Some suggestions...... by less complex but industrially feasible solutions. The proposed approach is illustrated by three case studies of successful industrial/academic cooperation....

  10. Cunning of Academia?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michal Kozlowski

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available I assume, perhaps in a quite old fashioned manner, that the production of knowledge requires a collective autonomy of organised producers. Autonomy does not mean sovereignty, in fact is presupposes multiple “external” and “internal” social relations or deals that only permit relative and limited independence of the entity that after Bourdieu we usually refer to as a field. The autonomy in question not only has some dishonourable genealogy but also requires constant reproduction of exclusion, hierarchy and in general all scholastic backup. Yet this autonomy is still to be defended against the powers far more more malign. I want to argue that nomadic quasi-institutions could and probably would have a function on maintaining this autonomy of the presupposed field . Even if this is not at all their purpose it may in fact be a good thing.

  11. THE ACADEMIA AS PROFESSION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francois Venter

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available There is an obvious conceptual link between the words "professor" and "profession". May one however assume that being a professor entails belonging to a profession, an academic profession?One may have various motives for entering into and staying in the academy, eg the advantage of progression one the basis of one's own, independent efforts, earning a good salary and following one's calling to expend the energy and abilities one receives in life sensibly.Professors are expected to be (at least adequate teachers; they are required to have and maintain specialised knowledge of their field and to generate new knowledge by means of the production and dissemination of original research results.Insofar as professions are characterised by their members having specialised knowledge or skills, performing specialised services, are bound by ethical codes and holding an acknowledged social status often expressed in titles, there should therefore not be any doubt as to the existence of an academic profession distinct from other professions (especially those related to the field of scholarship concerned. Practising academics should work towards the active acknowledgment by all of the professionalism of the professorial institution.

  12. WhatsApp Messaging: Achievements and Success in Academia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nitza, Davidivitch; Roman, Yavich

    2016-01-01

    In recent years, there has been a significant rise in the use of technological means in general and in academic teaching in particular. Many programs have been developed that include computer-assisted teaching, as well as online courses at educational institutions. The current study focuses on WhatsApp messaging and its use in academia. Studies…

  13. Getting Started in Academia: A Guide for Educational Psychologists

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCormick, Christine B.; Barnes, Benita J.

    2008-01-01

    We identify the major tasks facing pre-tenure faculty members and outline advice, based on a review of the literature and our experiences, for succeeding in academia. The challenges encountered by new faculty include learning the culture of the new academic institution, understanding the processes and policies for academic performance review,…

  14. Neither the State nor the Grass Roots: Language Maintenance and the Discourse of the Academia Mayor de la Lengua Quechua.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marr, Tim

    1999-01-01

    Describes the Academia Mayor de la Lengua Quechua, a Peruvian institution ostensibly dedicated to maintaining Quechua. Data from writings by and about the Academia and from administrator interviews suggest that the institution shows signs of an ambivalent and potentially conflictive attitude toward the Peruvian state and Quechua speakers, and this…

  15. The euonymus leaf-notcher, Pryeria sinica Moore (Lepidoptera: Zygaenidae) - alive and well in Fairfax County, Virginia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pryeria sinica Moore, a species native to the eastern Palearctic, was first detected in North America in 2001, where the conspicuous, gregariously-feeding larvae were noticed on ornamental Euonymous (Celastraceae) in a residential area of Fairfax County, Virginia. Although the species was moderatel...

  16. Los premios de la Academia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cesar Augusto Pantoja

    1990-12-01

    Full Text Available

    El profesor Mario Camacho Pinto, Coordinador de la Comisión de Biblioteca y Publicaciones, en grado óptimo, pionero de la Neurocirugía docente en la Universidad, nos invita a ocupar el editorial para dar aviso sobre los concursos, directa o indirectamente encomendados a la Corporación.

    De igual manera, son notorias las solicitudes de numerosos médicos de Bogotá y de fuera de la capital. Atentos a conocer las opciones ofrecidas por Concursos y Premios con sus dotaciones y valías, dignas del alto honor que representan las contribuciones de significación que se hacen a la medicina nacional.

    La presencia de la institución en los eventos de esta clase, tiene como principal objeto la elevación del trabajo médico-científico, eso es lo que los premios persiguen y los jurados imponen en los veredictos.

    La elevación constante del libro médico y del artículo científico que se promueve con agilidad por las publicaciones de las revistas y en su eminente posición el libro médico es, de igual modo, postura institucional impuesta por la ley, que encomienda la docencia médica y la encamina al servicio de la población de nuestra patria.

    El deber tiene que ser compartido por todo el cuerpo médico que rodea a la Academia y la tiene como su vocero.

    Las insignias de la buena medicina que prospera entre nosotros, -justo es reconocerlo–, se encuentran en las buenas cualidades que podamos demostrar en el libro médico y en los artículos de las revistas. Para el público lector no existe otro empeño de muestra y forma. Es la razón por la cual la Comisión de Biblioteca y Publicaciones de la Academia Nacional de Medicina, que coordina Camacho Pinto con denodado esfuerzo, nos ha indicado la campaña para hacer mención de los premios como a continuación se presentan.

    Así aparecen: el Concurso Nacional de Obras Médicas Academia Nacional de Medicina-Salvat Editores Colombiana, que cumple ya 12 años de

  17. Comentario al libro: ACADEMIA MUTISIANA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Efraím Otero Ruiz

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Por tercera vez en un quinquenio ocupo este podio para ocuparme de uno de los libros del grupo de inmunogenética (o de anti-inmunohistoria, diría yo de la Universidad Javeriana, esta vez enriquecido con la presencia del P. Ortiz Valdivieso, orquídeologo y mutisiólogo y del Dr. Uribe Angel notable historiador educativo, y presentado admirablemente por el P. Durán Casas, Vicerrector Académico de la Universidad Javeriana. En el prólogo, citando desde Sarton y Ziman en los 70s. hasta Mauro Torres en el 2011 afirmo que, aunque suene extraño, parece como si las Academias florecieran entre las guerras. Tal sucedió con la de Platón, “la máxima institución de enseñanza superior surgida en el mundo”, -al decir de Sartonenmarcada desde las guerras del Peloponeso, hasta el final de la dominación espartana de Atenas en el siglo IV antes de Cristo. Según dichos autores, las Academias han simbolizado una manera de continuar la vida espiritual entre uno y otro conflicto.

  18. The connection between academia and industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Ajai; Singh, Shakuntala

    2005-03-01

    The growing commercialization of research with its effect on the ethical conduct of researchers, and the advancement of scientific knowledge with its effect on the welfare or otherwise of patients, are areas of pressing concern today and need a serious, thorough study. Biomedical research, and its forward march, is becoming increasingly dependent on industry-academia proximity, both commercial and geographic. A realization of the commercial value of academic biomedical research coupled with its rapid and efficient utilization by industry is the major propelling force here. A number of well-intentioned writers in the field look to the whole development with optimism. But this partnership is a double-edged sword, for it carries with it the potential of an exciting future as much as the prospect of misappropriation and malevolence. Moreover, such partnerships have sometimes eroded public trust in the research enterprise itself.Connected to the growing clout of industry in institutions is concern about thecommercialization of research and resolving the 'patient or product' loyalty.There is ambivalence about industry funding and influence in academia, and a consequent 'approach-avoidance' conflict. If academia has to provide the patients and research talent, industry necessarily has to provide the finances and other facilities based on it. This is an invariable and essential agreement between the two parties that they can walk out of only at their own peril. The profound ethical concerns that industry funded research has brought center-stage need a close look, especially as they impact patients, research subjects, public trust, marketability of products, and research and professional credibility.How can the intermediate goal of industry (patient welfare) serve the purpose of the final goal of academia is the basic struggle for conscientious research institutions /associations. And how best the goal of maximizing profits can be best served, albeit suitably camouflaged as

  19. Academia-industry symbiosis in organic chemistry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michaudel, Quentin; Ishihara, Yoshihiro; Baran, Phil S

    2015-03-17

    Collaboration between academia and industry is a growing phenomenon within the chemistry community. These sectors have long held strong ties since academia traditionally trains the future scientists of the corporate world, but the recent drastic decrease of public funding is motivating the academic world to seek more private grants. This concept of industrial "sponsoring" is not new, and in the past, some companies granted substantial amounts of money per annum to various academic institutions in exchange for prime access to all their scientific discoveries and inventions. However, academic and industrial interests were not always aligned, and therefore the investment has become increasingly difficult to justify from industry's point of view. With fluctuating macroeconomic factors, this type of unrestricted grant has become more rare and has been largely replaced by smaller and more focused partnerships. In our view, forging a partnership with industry can be a golden opportunity for both parties and can represent a true symbiosis. This type of project-specific collaboration is engendered by industry's desire to access very specific academic expertise that is required for the development of new technologies at the forefront of science. Since financial pressures do not allow companies to spend the time to acquire this expertise and even less to explore fundamental research, partnering with an academic laboratory whose research is related to the problem gives them a viable alternative. From an academic standpoint, it represents the perfect occasion to apply "pure science" research concepts to solve problems that benefit humanity. Moreover, it offers a unique opportunity for students to face challenges from the "real world" at an early stage of their career. Although not every problem in industry can be solved by research developments in academia, we argue that there is significant scientific overlap between these two seemingly disparate groups, thereby presenting an

  20. Noticias de la Academia 1990

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victoria Rodriguez

    1991-03-01

    Full Text Available

    La Academia Nacional de Medicina en la actualidad Nacional

    Recomendación ante la Asamblea Nacional Constituyente, para ser incorporada en el contexto de la Constitución Nacional (Título III. “Toda persona tendrá derecho a la protección de la Salud”. Se presentó por iniciativa del Académico Alberto Hernández Sáenz. Aprobada por los señores miembros de la Academia. Fué sustentada ante la Mesa de Trabajo de AEXMUN en varias sesiones y finalmente aprobada por la Comisión de Expertos convocados por la Presidencia de la República, logrando ser incorporada en el Temario Oficial para la Asamblea Nacional Constituyente.

    Liderazgo en salud: motor del cambio

    Es uno de los medios para lograr el cambio, insistió el Académico Hernández Sáenz. En él es fundamental el papel de la Academia Nacional de Medicina.

    Dinámica actividad Academia en 1990

    Sesiones: Se realizaron 15 sesiones ordinarias, 13 sesiones solemnes.

    Homenajes: a la memoria de los académicos Gonzalo Esguerra Gómez, Carlos Trujillo Gutiérrez y Bernardo Samper Sordo. La Academia lamenta la desaparición de los inolvidables académicos Fernando Shoonewolf Laurentino Muñoz y Camilo Uribe González

    Condecoración: el Gobierno Nacional impuso la Medalla al Mérito Asistencial “Jorge Bcjarano” al Académico Mario Camacho Pinto.

    Distinción: El Hospital Universitario de “La Samaritana” nombró Profesor Emérito ad-honorem de Medicina Interna y Gastroenterología al Académico Alberto Albornoz Plata.

    Los Premios Salvat y RhonePoulenc: se adjudicaron en sesiones solemnes.

    Temas: de Patología Social y Nutrición, fueron tratados por los Académicos Laurentino Muñoz (q.e.p.d., José Francisco Socarrás, Jorge Camacho Gamba y por invitación, los doctores

  1. Nueva Sede para la Academia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Camacho Pinto

    1994-06-01

    , confortablemente amoblada.

    6. Auditorio funcional de moderno corte inclinado, semicircular, con 106 sillas plegables, sufragadas por cuotas voluntarias de académicos, en el plan ”Venta de Sillas”, más la última dotación audiovisual consistente en:

    a Videograbadora de doble cassette.

    b Proyector de diapositivas con dos lentes Zoom, Dispositivo Beta y VHS.

    c Telón importado automático y panorámico.

    d Doble pantalla de TV. con soportes móviles incrustados.

    e Mesa directiva con sus sillas compañeras y podio para conferenciante.

    f Micrófono inalámbrico con filtro para ruidos y linterna láser.

    7. Entapetado total de los pisos en varios colores.
    8. Oficinas amplias con Presidencia señorial. secretarías, auxiliares y fotocopiadora.

    9. Biblioteca centralizada en tres salas con estantería en madera a todo lo alto y ancho de sus muros, lista para sistematización, en proceso de instalación de terminal de computador y banco de datos.

    10. Hemeroteca con adquisición de mueble especial rodante y servicio de bibliografía de actualización, suministrado por cortesía de Iladiba y su Director Académico Jorge Maldonado.

    11. Se competó la colección de la Pinacoteca de Académicos Fundadores, ex presidentes, Académicos dignos de nuestra admiración y respeto reorganizada con imagenología pintada a. mano.

    12. Alojamiento amplio y cómodo para servidores.

    13. Refacción total de la antigua sede.

    14. Su arrendamiento para renta de la Academia ya contratado.

    15. Organización interior de funcionamiento de la nueva sede, con autorización de alquilar sus instalaciones para eventos de carácter científico.

    16. Innumerables gestiones para conseguir benefactores cuyo número en la actualidad llega a 22.

    17. Realización de eventos científicos, dentro y fuera del recinto de la Academia, académicos unos, otros para beneficio económico.

    18. Gestiones ante el Gobierno

  2. Isospora mcquistioni and Isospora bioccai (Apicomplexa, Eimeriidae): two new coccidian parasites from Carduelis sinica (Passeriformes, Fringillidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cringoli, G; Quesada, A

    1991-01-01

    The following two species are described from Carduelis sinica (Greenfinch) from Italy. The oocysts of Isospora mcquistioni n. sp. were 26.0 x 22.6 (24.0-28.5 x 20.0-24.2) microns and ovoid with a smooth bilayered wall. Neither micropyle nor oocyst residuum were observed. One polar granule was found. Sporocysts were oval, 18.1 x 11.4 (16.0-19.8 x 11.0-12.0) microns, and with a symmetrical Stieda complex. The residuum was compact and spherical. Isospora bioccai n. sp. oocysts were spherical to subspherical and 24.0 x 23.6 (22.0-26.0 x 21.0-25.8) microns. The oocyst wall was smooth and bilayered. A micropyle and oocyst residuum were absent; 4 to 10 elongate polar granules were present. Sporocysts were 19.5 x 11.6 (18.0-20.0 x 10.0-12.4) microns, ellipsoidal, and with a symmetrical Stieda complex. The sporocyst residuum was diffuse and composed of a few granules.

  3. Academia Grata leidis otsa / Johannes Saar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saar, Johannes, 1965-

    2004-01-01

    Eesti Kunstiakadeemia nõukogu otsustas lõpetada oma Pärnu Kolledzhi Academia Grata tegevuse. Sulgemise põhjustest. Gratalaste seltskond jätkab alternatiivse vabaakadeemiana - Johann Köleri nimeline Positivistlik Kunsttööstuskool

  4. Academia Non Grata korraldas piketi / Tiiu Leis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Leis, Tiiu

    1998-01-01

    Kunstikooli Academia Non Grata korraldatud piketist 'Jõuluvale' Pärnu linnavalitsuse ees nõudmaks linnavalitsuse antava rahasumma suurendamist. Kommentaarid rektor Reiu Tüürilt, aselinnapealt Peeter Oravalt, linnapea Vello Järvesalult.

  5. Bridging the gap between wikipedia and academia

    OpenAIRE

    Jemielniak, Dariusz; Aibar, Eduard

    2016-01-01

    In this opinion piece, we would like to present a short literature review of perceptions and reservations towards Wikipedia in academia, address the common questions about overall reliability of Wikipedia entries, review the actual practices of Wikipedia usage in academia, and conclude with possible scenarios for a peaceful coexistence. Because Wikipedia is a regular topic of JASIST publications (Lim, 2009; Meseguer-Artola, Aibar, Llados, Minguillon, & Lerga, 2015; Mesgari, Okoli, Mehdi, Niel...

  6. Barriers to Alzheimer disease drug discovery and development in academia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Eldik, Linda J; Koppal, Tanuja; Watterson, D Martin

    2002-01-01

    The drug discovery and the drug development processes represent a continuum of recursive activities that range from initial drug target identification to final Food and Drug Administration approval and marketing of a new therapeutic. Drug discovery, as its name implies, is more exploratory and less focused in many cases, whereas drug development has a clinically defined endpoint and a specific disease goal. Academia has historically made major contributions to this process at the early discovery phases. However, current trends in the organization of the pharmaceutical industry suggest an expanded role for academia in the near future. Megamergers among major pharmaceutical corporations indicate their movement toward a focus on end-stage clinical trials, manufacturing, and marketing. There has been a parallel increase in outsourcing of intermediate steps to specialty small pharmaceutical, biotechnology, and contract service companies. The new paradigm suggests that academia will play an increasingly important role at the proof-of-principle stage of basic and clinical drug discovery research, in training the future skilled work force, and in close partnerships with small pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies. However, academic drug discovery research faces a set of barriers to progress, the relative importance of which varies with the home institution and the details of the research area. These barriers fall into four general categories: (1) the historical administrative structure and environment of academia; (2) the structure and emphasis of peer review panels that control research funding by government and private agencies; (3) the organization and operation of the academic infrastructure; and (4) the structure and availability of specialized resources and information management. Selected examples of barriers to drug discovery and drug development research and training in academia are presented, as are some specific recommendations designed to minimize or

  7. Borrelia sinica sp. nov., a lyme disease-related Borrelia species isolated in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masuzawa, T; Takada, N; Kudeken, M; Fukui, T; Yano, Y; Ishiguro, F; Kawamura, Y; Imai, Y; Ezaki, T

    2001-09-01

    A survey was performed for Lyme disease borrelia in the southern part of China, in Zhejiang, Sichuan and Anhui provinces, along the Yangtze River valley, in May of 1997 and 1998. Twenty isolates from Ixodes granulatus, Ixodes ovatus, Apodemus agrarius and Niviventer confucianus were obtained. These isolates were characterized by RFLP of the 5S-23S rDNA intergenic spacer, sequence analysis of the intergenic spacer, 16S rDNA and flagellin gene, DNA-DNA hybridization analysis, SDS-PAGE and Western blotting with mAbs. Six isolates from A. agrarius, five from I. granulatus collected in Zhejiang province and one from N. confucianus in Sichuan province were highly similar to strains 10MT and 5MT isolated in Korea and classified as Borrelia valaisiana. Four isolates from A. agrarius and I. granulatus collected in Zhejiang province generated unique RFLP patterns and phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rDNA and flagellin gene sequences suggested that the isolates should be classified as B. valaisiana. Furthermore, three isolates (CMN1a, CNM2, CMN3T) from N. confucianus captured in Sichuan province and one (CWO1) from I. ovatus in Anhui province showed lower 165 rDNA sequence similarity (less than 99.0%) to sequences of previously described Lyme disease-related Borrelia species. DNA-DNA hybridization results revealed that strains CMN3T and CMN1a were clearly distinct from all other known Lyme disease Borrelia species. Electron microscope observation showed the spirochaetes to be morphologically similar to those of Borrelia, but the cells contained only four periplasmic flagella inserted at each end of the spirochaetes. Based on these results, a new Borrelia species, Borrelia sinica sp. nov., is proposed. Strain CMN3T is the type strain of this new species.

  8. Chiral unitary theory: Application to nuclear problems

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    CSIC, Institutos de Investigación de Paterna, Apdo. correos 2085, 46071, Valencia, Spain; Institute of High Energy Physics, Academia Sinica, Beijing, China; Departamento de Fisica Moderna, Universidad de Granada, Spain; Physics ...

  9. Journal of Biosciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2007-06-28

    Jun 28, 2007 ... Author Affiliations. Jon D Wright1 Carmay Lim1 2. Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Academia Sinica, Taipei 115, Taiwan, ROC; Department of Chemistry, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan, ROC ...

  10. To be a Feminist in (Tourism) Academia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Munar, Ana Maria

    2017-01-01

    This study explores what it means to be a feminist in (tourism) academia. Different understandings of feminist identity and their ethical and political dimensions are examined using the method of the vignette. This technique is applied as an autoethnographic and narrative tool that facilitates...... the exploration of feminism from multiple viewpoints. Three characters, SherylAna, Gloria-Ana, and Gaga-Ana, are presented, drawing inspiration from the literature and my own life experiences, research and activism in tourism academia. These narratives are followed by a discussion on multiple ways of doing...

  11. Mixed methods systematic review exploring mentorship outcomes in nursing academia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nowell, Lorelli; Norris, Jill M; Mrklas, Kelly; White, Deborah E

    2017-03-01

    The aim of this study was to report on a mixed methods systematic review that critically examines the evidence for mentorship in nursing academia. Nursing education institutions globally have issued calls for mentorship. There is emerging evidence to support the value of mentorship in other disciplines, but the extant state of the evidence in nursing academia is not known. A comprehensive review of the evidence is required. A mixed methods systematic review. Five databases (MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE, ERIC, PsycINFO) were searched using an a priori search strategy from inception to 2 November 2015 to identify quantitative, qualitative and mixed methods studies. Grey literature searches were also conducted in electronic databases (ProQuest Dissertations and Theses, Index to Theses) and mentorship conference proceedings and by hand searching the reference lists of eligible studies. Study quality was assessed prior to inclusion using standardized critical appraisal instruments from the Joanna Briggs Institute. A convergent qualitative synthesis design was used where results from qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods studies were transformed into qualitative findings. Mentorship outcomes were mapped to a theory-informed framework. Thirty-four studies were included in this review, from the 3001 records initially retrieved. In general, mentorship had a positive impact on behavioural, career, attitudinal, relational and motivational outcomes; however, the methodological quality of studies was weak. This review can inform the objectives of mentorship interventions and contribute to a more rigorous approach to studies that assess mentorship outcomes. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  12. Securing health through food systems: an initiative of the nutrition consortium of the National Health Research Institutes in Taiwan and Asia Pacific regional partners as a network.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wahlqvist, Mark L; Kuo, Ken N

    2009-01-01

    There are growing concerns about the health impacts of climate change with ecosystem degradation and global warming, finite reserves of non-renewable energy, water shortages in food-producing regions, limits to contemporary agriculture with its dependence on exhaustible petrochemical nitrogen and rock phosphate fertilizers, and failure of the global financial system. To date, health security has meant attention to safe environments especially water, sanitation and waste disposal; and access to health care and its affordability. Its dependency on food security (safety, sufficiency, sustainability, and satisfaction which requires diversity and quality) has been under-estimated because the current and imminent risks have increased and extended to more populations, because these may be less tractable and because the nature, extent and dynamics of nutritionally-related health are better appreciated. As a step towards more collaborative food and health systems, the National Health Research Institutes in Taiwan has created an interdisciplinary Nutrition Consortium (NC) with research and policy agendas. The NC held a food in Health Security (FIHS) in the Asia Pacific region roundtable in conjunction with the World Vegetable Center based in Tainan, supported by the National Science Council and Academia Sinica in Taiwan and the Australian Academies of Science and of Science Technology and Engineering, August 2-5th 2009 in Taiwan. A FIHS Network is being established to further the initiative. It should form part of the broader Human Security agenda.

  13. Monitoring gender remuneration inequalities in academia using ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... age, research output and qualifications are related to remuneration. The CVA biplots show narrowing, widening and constant gender remuneration gaps in diffferent faculties. Keywords: alpha-bag, academia, biplot, canonical variate analysis, gender inequality, multivariate, wage gap. ORiON Vol. 24 (1) 2008: pp. 49-73 ...

  14. Gender Equality in Academia: A Critical Reflection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winchester, Hilary P. M.; Browning, Lynette

    2015-01-01

    Gender equality in academia has been monitored in Australia for the past three decades so it is timely to reflect on what progress has been made, what works, and what challenges remain. When data were first published on the gender composition of staff in Australian universities in the mid-1980s women comprised 20 per cent of academic staff and…

  15. Clinical Pharmacology Research Internships at the Interface between Academia and Industry : Students' Perceptions and Scientific Output

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Goulooze, S.C.; Franson, K.; Cohen, A.F.; Rissmann, R.

    2017-01-01

    The Centre for Human Drug Research (CHDR) is a non-profit clinical research institute at the interface between academia and the pharmaceutical industry. CHDR hosts a research internship programme for undergraduate (bio)medical students. The aim of this study was (i) to investigate the student

  16. Teoloogiatudengite meditsiiniteemalised oratsioonid Tartu Academia Gustavianas / Kaarina Rein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rein, Kaarina

    2010-01-01

    Tartu ülikooli esimese meditsiiniprofessori Johannes Belowi professuurist Academia Gustavianas (1632-1642) ning sel ajal peetud kahest interdistsiplinaarsest oratsioonist meditsiini ja teoloogia vallas, mis on esimesteks meditsiinialasteks töödeks Academia Gustavianas

  17. Industry-funded dermatologic research within academia in the United States: fiscal and ethical considerations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blank, I H

    1992-03-01

    Private-sector funding of biomedical research within academia may come from industry, foundations, the dermatologists themselves, and the public at large. Industry-funding is of benefit to both academia and industry. Industry may fund clinical and basic research and product testing. Industry is more willing to fund product testing and clinical research than basic research. Funds for dermatologic research may be obtained from manufacturers of drugs, medical devices, cosmetics, soaps, and detergents. Questions of academic freedom arise when research is funded by industry. The results of academic research are in the public domain; the results of intramural industry research are often proprietary, i.e., "trade secrets." When there is industry funding within academia, any restraints on publication should be held to a minimum and be temporary. Publication should occur in a timely fashion, although recognizing the need for delayed publication if the results concern patentable material. When there is a consultantship, pre-arranged terms of agreement may restrict communication. Patents usually are held by the investigator's institution. The funding company may be granted world-wide, royalty-bearing licenses. Conflicts of interest may arise during any research endeavor; this warrants close attention when the research is industry funded. Stock ownership, speaker fees, blind contracts, etc., should be avoided. In any communication, funding agreements should be stated. Indirect costs are a "necessary evil." There are non-research expenditures associated with all research projects for which the institution is justified in requesting compensation. Indirect costs must have definite connections to a project. As industrial funding of research within academia increases, various facets of the academia-industry relationship are receiving increasing attention. Several aspects of conflicts of interest and indirect costs must yet be resolved. When faced openly and directly, all of these

  18. Strengthening the relationship between industry and academia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jackson, K.J.; Medford, M.O.

    1991-01-01

    Both industry and academia recognize that there are potential benefits in developing a partnership. Interaction between industry and academia is necessary if students are to be given the skills that are most critical to industry. These more appropriately educated students will then be able to make a greater and more immediate contribution once in the work force. This interaction can continue throughout the employee's career by providing opportunities for lifelong learning through training - both technical training to prevent obsolescence and training to broaden or add to employee skills (e.g., management or quality training). Local universities and colleges in the Tennessee River Valley provide help with curriculum development and provide expertise and the latest information and techniques that are lacking within the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) for training and broadening employees. Two examples are provided of current programs designed to address industrial demands for education

  19. Co-Authorship and Collaboration in Academia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henriksen, Dorte

    Researchers’ status in academia is primarily determined by reputation. This reputation is applied in hiring, promotion and funding decisions, as well as performance evaluations (Weingart, 2005). Perhaps, one of the single most important factors for establishing a reputation is authorship, ideally...... individual bibliometric research assessment increases the need for an examination and discussion of academic authorship (Gläser & Laudel, 2007). Hence, the aim of this study is to investigate how researcher perceive and utilize authorship in academia. The case study is based on interviews of 43 Danish...... researchers from six universities in Denmark conducted in the period October 2013-february 2014. We interviewed 8-12 researchers from each of the four main academic research areas; Humanities, Social Sciences, Health & Life sciences and the Science & Technologies. These interviews included questions about...

  20. The connection between academia and industry

    OpenAIRE

    Ajai R. Singh; Shakuntala A. Singh

    2005-01-01

    The growing commercialization of research with its effect on the ethical conduct of researchers, and the advancement of scientific knowledge with its effect on the welfare or otherwise of patients, are areas of pressing concern today and need a serious, thorough study. Biomedical research, and its forward march, is becoming increasingly dependent on industry-academia proximity, both commercial and geographic. A realization of the commercial value of academic biomedical research coupled with i...

  1. Justifications of Gender Equality in Academia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Mathias Wullum

    2014-01-01

    and Swedish universities juxtapose arguments of utility, innovation, justice, and anti-discrimination, the Danish universities primarily refer to aspects of competitiveness, utility, and innovation when justifying activities on gender equality. The article suggests that the lack of justice......-oriented perspectives in the Danish statements is an illustrative example of how neo-liberal managerial ideas about work-place productivity and creativity entail new and more instrumental approaches to gender equality issues in academia....

  2. Differential protein expression using proteomics from a crustacean brine shrimp (Artemia sinica) under CO2-driven seawater acidification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Xue-Jiao; Zheng, Chao-Qun; Wang, Yu-Wei; Meng, Chuang; Xie, Xiao-Lu; Liu, Hai-Peng

    2016-11-01

    Gradually increasing atmospheric CO 2 partial pressure (pCO 2 ) has caused an imbalance in carbonate chemistry and resulted in decreased seawater pH in marine ecosystems, termed seawater acidification. Anthropogenic seawater acidification is postulated to affect the physiology of many marine calcifying organisms. To understand the possible effects of seawater acidification on the proteomic responses of a marine crustacean brine shrimp (Artemia sinica) three groups of cysts were hatched and further raised in seawater at different pH levels (8.2 as control and 7.8 and 7.6 as acidification stress levels according to the predicted levels at the end of this century and next century, respectively) for 1, 7 and 14 days followed by examination of the protein expression changes via two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. Searches of protein databases revealed that 67 differential protein spots were altered due to lower pH level (7.6 and 7.8) stress in comparison to control groups (pH 8.2) by mass spectrometry. Generally, these differentially expressed proteins included the following: 1) metabolic process-related proteins involved in glycolysis and glucogenesis, nucleotide/amino acid/fatty acid metabolism, protein biosynthesis, DNA replication and apoptosis; 2) stress response-related proteins, such as peroxiredoxin, thioredoxin peroxidase, 70-kDa heat shock protein, Na/K ATPase, and ubiquinol-cytochrome c reductase; 3) immune defence-related proteins, such as prophenoloxidase and ferritin; 4) cytoskeletal-related proteins, such as myosin light chain, TCP1 subunit 2, tropomyosin and tubulin alpha chain; and 5) signal transduction-related proteins, such as phospholipase C-like protein, 14-3-3 zeta, translationally controlled tumour protein and RNA binding motif protein. Taken together, these data support the idea that CO 2 -driven seawater acidification may affect protein expression in the crustacean A. sinica and possibly also in other species that feed on brine shrimp in the

  3. The borderology of friendship in academia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Emmeche, Claus

    2015-01-01

    This essay is a contribution to a borderology of friendship in academic research. Borderology is an interdisciplinary approach to the study of two or more sets of phenomena that are informationally complex, interrelating, and involving both real phenomenal and disciplinary conceptual borders....... Academic research and the ties of friendship may, more often than not, be interrelated, though few scholars have studied these interconnections in any detail. There is a certain messiness to both phenomena, related to demarcation problems, e.g., how to define friendship as distinct from other interpersonal...... relations like acquaintanceship, collegiality, parental or romantic love, etc. Some of the sparse literature on friendship in academia is reviewed, and an interview-based study from the perspective of sociology of science is presented, aiming at elucidating the benefits and perils of close ties...

  4. Consulting Informs Best Practice in Academia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Risa Blair

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The Conversational Plenary Session began with a clear agenda of describing the process and challenge of developing eLearning and eTraining. After a brief discussion of the benefits and challenges of the modality, the conversation quickly segued to a highly spirited conversation related to consulting and the negative implications when one calls oneself a consultant. In fact, this became an integral theme of multiple discussions throughout the rest of the conference. This author strives to identify a selection of literature which supports the viewpoint that consulting does indeed inform best practices in academia. Those professors with up-to-the-minute consultancies in their fields offer an enriched experience for their students.

  5. Career Development of Women in Academia: Traversing the Leaky Pipeline

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gasser, Courtney E.; Shaffer, Katharine S.

    2014-01-01

    Women's experiences in academia are laden with a fundamental set of issues pertaining to gender inequalities. A model reflecting women's career development and experiences around their academic pipeline (or career in academia) is presented. This model further conveys a new perspective on the experiences of women academicians before, during and…

  6. Constructions of Success in Academia: An Early Career Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sutherland, Kathryn A.

    2017-01-01

    Expectations around success in academia vary, and early career academics often receive conflicting messages about what they should concentrate on to achieve promotion or tenure. Taking a social constructionist approach, this paper considers the constructs of objective and subjective career success in academia and shares the perspectives of early…

  7. Leadership in research across academia and practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John McRae

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Transcript of a keynote address delivered by John McRae at the 2009 ARCC Architectural Research Conference at the University of Texas San Antonio.I value very much the award and I certainly have truly enjoyed the time and the meeting these couple of days has been extremely stimulating. We were talking several of us ahead of time about the rigor and the intensity with which the programs are being presentedin each of the meetings. We really, I think, have the group here that’s going to be serving us well for thefuture.I want to also say today, in expressing my appreciation for this award, that the list of past awardees is stellarand includes several colleagues and personal friends towhom I owe a debt in my professional development and am grateful for the opportunity to address the conference and hope that my remarks with be of even a small benefit to our collective efforts to strengthen research across academia and practice. I started my career in both academia and practice in 1967, little more than the 30 years you were so gracious to give me, in Gainesville and at the University of Florida. Over this span of the last 42 years I have sought to develop my own research and creative work agenda and, through administrative roles, have made an effort to foster the research of colleagues when I could. So what was it like in the late 60’s and early70’s? Some of you may recall. In the interest of full disclosure, I have included a few images of my research work during my early years as a faculty member at the University of Florida. And so, here is another shot of our research team. Some of you may remember the Chicago 7. This is the rainbow 9 and, in fact, aside from myself, whom you will recognize, there are several other people there who are today in positions helping to lead this nation. That is kind of hard to imagine but there they are.

  8. Intentional introduction of Artemia sinica (Anostraca) in the high-altitude Tibetan lake Dangxiong Co: the new population and consequences for the environment and for humans

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jia, Qinxian; Anufriieva, Elena; Liu, Xifang; Kong, Fanjing; Shadrin, Nickolai

    2015-11-01

    The imbalance between supply and demand of Artemia cysts in China and around the world is increasing now. Salt lakes in Tibet may contribute to the solution of the problem. In Northern Tibet there are 26 saline lakes whose salinity and temperature may support Artemia survival at an altitude of 4 000-5 100 m. We found Artemia in 15 of these lakes. The saline lakes with Artemia populations mainly belong to the shallow basin lakes, and the majority of these lakes are small in area. The total area of lakes without Artemia is more than 1 000 km2. Lake Dangxiong Co (Co means lake in Tibet) was chosen for the intentional introduction of Artemia sinica. In 2004, 850 g of A. sinica cysts, originating from Qinghai, were introduced in the lake. Surveys in 2006-2014 showed that the average abundance of Artemia adults in the lake gradually increased from 20 ind./m3 in 2006 to 1950 ind./m3 in 2013. We assume that two subpopulations of A. sinica, separated by depth, may exist in the lake. The new Artemia population caused an increase in the number of species of phytoplankton and heterotrophic protozoa with a decrease of their total abundance. Water transparency also increased. Dominance in phytoplankton passed from cyanobacteria to diatoms. Changes occurred not only in the lake ecosystem; the number of water birds using the lakes also dramatically increased. Preliminary calculations showed that is it possible to harvest at least about 150 t cysts per year from the lake as well as 3.2 thousand tons of frozen or 350 t of dried biomass of adult Artemia.

  9. Gender inequality in Russian Academia: dynamics, insights, and explanations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irina Gewinner

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Whereas Europe currently pursues reform and transformation of academia in the context of New Public Management, Russia seeks to regulate the processes of modernization of the latter one, thus addressing its excellence and effectiveness. In both cases, the processes underlying social change in academia impact on female scholars’ occupational advancement. By doing so, they contribute to reproduction of existing gender inequalities and certainly create new ones. Russia stands in front of the paradoxical situation: while women represent a majority of (scientific staff in academia, they face persistent discriminatory experiences on the part of their colleagues – both male and female (Sillaste, 2004; Pushkareva, 2014. Still, our knowledge on gender disparities and discrimination in academia is only scarce and needs extensive investigation. This paper aims at reducing the existing gap by analysing gender inequalities from a dynamic approach.

  10. Protein crystallography and drug discovery: recollections of knowledge exchange between academia and industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tom L. Blundell

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available The development of structure-guided drug discovery is a story of knowledge exchange where new ideas originate from all parts of the research ecosystem. Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin obtained insulin from Boots Pure Drug Company in the 1930s and insulin crystallization was optimized in the company Novo in the 1950s, allowing the structure to be determined at Oxford University. The structure of renin was developed in academia, on this occasion in London, in response to a need to develop antihypertensives in pharma. The idea of a dimeric aspartic protease came from an international academic team and was discovered in HIV; it eventually led to new HIV antivirals being developed in industry. Structure-guided fragment-based discovery was developed in large pharma and biotechs, but has been exploited in academia for the development of new inhibitors targeting protein–protein interactions and also antimicrobials to combat mycobacterial infections such as tuberculosis. These observations provide a strong argument against the so-called `linear model', where ideas flow only in one direction from academic institutions to industry. Structure-guided drug discovery is a story of applications of protein crystallography and knowledge exhange between academia and industry that has led to new drug approvals for cancer and other common medical conditions by the Food and Drug Administration in the USA, as well as hope for the treatment of rare genetic diseases and infectious diseases that are a particular challenge in the developing world.

  11. Protein crystallography and drug discovery: recollections of knowledge exchange between academia and industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blundell, Tom L

    2017-07-01

    The development of structure-guided drug discovery is a story of knowledge exchange where new ideas originate from all parts of the research ecosystem. Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin obtained insulin from Boots Pure Drug Company in the 1930s and insulin crystallization was optimized in the company Novo in the 1950s, allowing the structure to be determined at Oxford University. The structure of renin was developed in academia, on this occasion in London, in response to a need to develop antihypertensives in pharma. The idea of a dimeric aspartic protease came from an international academic team and was discovered in HIV; it eventually led to new HIV antivirals being developed in industry. Structure-guided fragment-based discovery was developed in large pharma and biotechs, but has been exploited in academia for the development of new inhibitors targeting protein-protein interactions and also antimicrobials to combat mycobacterial infections such as tuberculosis. These observations provide a strong argument against the so-called 'linear model', where ideas flow only in one direction from academic institutions to industry. Structure-guided drug discovery is a story of applications of protein crystallography and knowledge exhange between academia and industry that has led to new drug approvals for cancer and other common medical conditions by the Food and Drug Administration in the USA, as well as hope for the treatment of rare genetic diseases and infectious diseases that are a particular challenge in the developing world.

  12. Comparative analysis of transcriptomes in aerial stems and roots of Ephedra sinica based on high-throughput mRNA sequencing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taketo Okada

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Ephedra plants are taxonomically classified as gymnosperms, and are medicinally important as the botanical origin of crude drugs and as bioresources that contain pharmacologically active chemicals. Here we show a comparative analysis of the transcriptomes of aerial stems and roots of Ephedra sinica based on high-throughput mRNA sequencing by RNA-Seq. De novo assembly of short cDNA sequence reads generated 23,358, 13,373, and 28,579 contigs longer than 200 bases from aerial stems, roots, or both aerial stems and roots, respectively. The presumed functions encoded by these contig sequences were annotated by BLAST (blastx. Subsequently, these contigs were classified based on gene ontology slims, Enzyme Commission numbers, and the InterPro database. Furthermore, comparative gene expression analysis was performed between aerial stems and roots. These transcriptome analyses revealed differences and similarities between the transcriptomes of aerial stems and roots in E. sinica. Deep transcriptome sequencing of Ephedra should open the door to molecular biological studies based on the entire transcriptome, tissue- or organ-specific transcriptomes, or targeted genes of interest.

  13. Women leaders in academia, gender and stereotypes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bibiana Carolina Moncayo Orjuela

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores the leadership characteristics typical of women in managerial positions in higher education institutions, starting from a particular literary approach and found in research regarding this topic. It is based on the subjective constructions of social duality between the masculine and feminine genders and attributes in the social relations of power. Also, within the conceptual framework examines leadership as a social construction and, therefore, their dependence on the various social characterizations. To fulfill the goal four themes were set. They allow the categorization of the literature review, namely: leadership and development, gender and stereotypes, leadership and gender, and to end, women's leadership in education institutions. Finally, we present the results of the literature research, where the transactional transformational, participative and authoritarian leadership styles are clearly evident, from which the transformational, characteristic of women, is the must in power and leadership positions in higher education institutions.

  14. Sobre María Laffitte y la Real Academia Sevillana de Buenas Letras (About Maria Laffitte and Real Academia Sevillana de Buenas Letras

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Begoña Barrera López

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: María Laffitte y Pérez del Pulgar, escritora y crítica de arte, fue recibida como Académico Correspondiente de la Academia Sevillana de Buenas Letras el 10 de mayo de 1957 con su discurso Aquella y esta Sevilla. El contenido del mismo, las circunstancias del evento, así como su posterior relación con la institución son recogidos desigualmente por los documentos conservados en el archivo de la Academia. La revisión y confrontación de este material y de las fuentes periodísticas permite conocer cómo fue la relación de la escritora con el mundo intelectual sevillano e ilustrar el modo de pensar y de actuar de María Laffitte.Abstract: María Laffitte y Pérez del Pulgar, writer and art critic, was welcomed as academic of Real Academia Sevillana de Buenas Letras [Royal Sevillian Academy of Belles Lettres] the 10th of May 1957 with her conference That and This Seville. The content and the circumstances of the event, as well as her connexion with the institution has been unequally reflected in the documents of the Academy’s archive. The review and comparison of this material, and the journalists' sources allows to understand how was the relation between the academic and the intellectual circle, and this shows the Marías way of thinking and act.

  15. Making Science Whole Again: The Role of Academia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lubchenco, J.

    2006-12-01

    Science in the 21st Century has become increasingly fragmented, not in the usual sense of disciplinary divisions, but with increased specialization in the discovery, teaching, public communication and application aspects of new knowledge. As in the infamous `telephone game', messages passed along through multiple parties, risk distortion. More insidiously, without active and effective checks and balances along the way, information can be and is being deliberately distorted, completely altered, or used selectively. Science, of course, is not the only basis for decision-making; values, politics, economics and other factors should also be considered. Nonetheless, a key role of science is to inform decision-making (not to drive it exclusively). The importance of citizens and leaders having access to accurate scientific information and knowledge is so essential to human well-being that new mechanisms must be found to ensure the integrity of scientific information. Among the multiple changes that are needed to achieve this goal, many of which will be explored in this session, one pertains specifically to the academic scientific community. That change entails growing and supporting stellar scientists who participate directly in discovery AND public communication of knowledge. More scientists whose primary jobs are research and teaching could and should also be actively involved in sharing new knowledge with non-scientists. The public expects this to happen but academia gives it lip service at best. Having more scientists who can communicate scientific knowledge that is understandable, relevant, useable, current and credible to non-technical audiences is a key (though far from the only) factor in protecting the integrity of science. The Aldo Leopold Leadership Program now based at Stanford University's Woods Institute for the Environment is a program that trains tenured, academic environmental scientists to communicate effectively with politicians, business people, the

  16. Academic Inbreeding in the Portuguese Academia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tavares, Orlanda; Cardoso, Sónia; Carvalho, Teresa; Sousa, Sofia Branco; Santiago, Rui

    2015-01-01

    This paper analyses the inbreeding phenomena in Portuguese public universities. Inbreeding is defined as the recruitment of academics by the same institution that awarded their PhDs. Focusing on 1,217 PhD-holding Portuguese academics, belonging to four public universities and to six disciplinary areas, inbreeding is analysed in order to understand…

  17. The impact of knowledge sharing through social media among academia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghazali, Saadiah; Sulaiman, Nor Intan Saniah; Zabidi, Nerda Zura; Omar, Mohd Faizal; Alias, Rose Alinda

    2016-10-01

    The world of research require researcher, academia and lecturers to share knowledge among them. With the invention of social media, knowledge sharing process has been more effective and easy. Previously, there were numerous researches done to investigate the effect of social media utilization for public used. There were also study that aimed to study social media effects in educatioanal sector but those study were centered around student's perspective. Less consideration is given towards academia's perspective. Therefore, this study is directed to explore other niche area on knowledge sharing environment where it will focused on the effects of social media on knowledge sharing among academia. Initially, literature review analysis was done to discover the potential factors that encourage academia to engage in social media. Ability to facilitate communication, idea generation and group establishment are the most cited reasons. Not only that, this paper will highlight the significance of performing this study. In conclusion, there is no doubt that social media do enhance and upgrading the knowledge sharing process thus assisting academia in their scholarly work.

  18. Measuring successful knowledge sharing among academia through social media

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghazali, Saadiah; Sulaiman, Nor Intan Saniah; Zabidi, Nerda Zura; Omar, Mohd Faizal; Alias, Rose Alinda

    2015-12-01

    This paper aims to study the influence of social media on knowledge sharing among academia. Previously, many researches have been done to explore the importance emergence of social media for public use, but there are still limited studies on how this technological advancement affects the academia. For this study, Facebook is chosen as one of the online social networking tools as the medium of knowledge sharing. To begin with, this study is started with the identification of factors that encourage the academia to share their knowledge through social media. These factors are then categorized based on Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB). After this knowledge has successfully shared, the level of successful knowledge sharing through Facebook is modeled using Fuzzy Logic. Fuzzy inputs for this study are the number of like, comment and share. Findings from this study indeed showed that there are many reasons encouraging academia to utilize social media for their work. Besides, this paper contributes new knowledge to fuzzy logic application as it is the first known research in measuring Facebook engagement for knowledge sharing purposes. In conclusion although there exist some barriers and limitations with the use of social media, academia are showing a positive shift in the application of these tools for work.

  19. Towards a Common Map of Academia

    OpenAIRE

    Bolikowski, Łukasz; Nowiński, Aleksander; Sylwestrzak, Wojtek; Wendykier, Piotr; Wojciechowski, Krzysztof

    2013-01-01

    At Centre for Open Science, ICM UW, we are constructing a comprehensive map of academic community: a large-scale graph of semantic relations between people, documents, institutions, venues (journals, conferences, blogs), topics, funding sources, and more. The graph is being built using publicly available resources: web pages from Common Crawl, OAI-PMH compliant repositories, OA subset of PubMed Central, open databases such as DBLP and DOAJ, or metadata from the NPG Linked Data Platform. Our a...

  20. Panorama de las Academias frente al Siglo XXI

    OpenAIRE

    Zoilo Cuellar Montoya

    1996-01-01

    Secretario General
    Academia Nacional de Medicina de Colombia.

    Como representante de 106 años ininterrumpidos de servicio a la medicina, de dedicación incondicional a los pacientes, quiero ser portador de un mensaje de unidad y de fraternidad para el cuerpo médico de Colombia y de la América Latina, condiciones que en la Academia Nacional de Medicina de Colombia consideramos imperativas para adecuar...

  1. Bridging the Gap in Knowledge Transfer between Academia and Practitioners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gera, Rajat

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: The paper intends to identify the causes or gaps in transfer of managerial knowledge between academia and practitioners and to develop a framework that overcomes the gaps through knowledge management, information technology and human resource practices. The paper aims to suggest a strategic approach based on the knowledge transfer cycle.…

  2. Raul Meel ja Academia Non Grata Riias / Ants Juske

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Juske, Ants, 1956-2016

    1999-01-01

    Läti Väliskunsti Muuseumis Riias on avatud Raul Meele isiknäitus 'Aknad ja maastikud'. Lisaks näidatakse tuleetenduse 'Arkaadia mäel' dokumentatsiooni. Näituse avamisel Pärnu Academia Non Grata performance

  3. Academia Non Grata Pärnus / Heie Treier

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Treier, Heie, 1963-

    1999-01-01

    1998. a. oktoobris Pärnus tegevust alustanud alternatiivsest kunstikoolist Academia Non Grata, mille asutasid Al Paldrok, Reiu Tüür ja Margus Tiitsmaa, toetajaiks Ülo Vooglaid, Leonhard Lapin, Raul Meel. Koolimajast, õpetajaskonna koosseisust, õppekavast, Pärnu performance'i koolkonnast. Loetletud kooli esinemised.

  4. Knowledge Exchange between Academia and the Third Sector

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murdock, Alex; Shariff, Razia; Wilding, Karl

    2013-01-01

    This paper considers the different approaches to undertake knowledge exchange between academia and the third sector from three practitioner perspectives. London South Bank University (LSBU), as part of the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) and Third Sector Research Centre (TSRC) Social Enterprise Capacity Building Cluster (CBC), has been…

  5. The Importance of Physical Fitness in Academia | Olu | Lwati: A ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Above all, the paper recommends that academia should engage in Circuit training (exercise done in a circular form), interval training, ensure a balanced diet to enhance the organic functions and have self-dedication and drive towards training. Keywords: Activities, Exercises, Fitness, Nutrition and Vitamins LWATI: A Journal ...

  6. Academia Gustaviana hoone Tartus / Reet Pulk-Piatkowska

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pulk-Piatkowska, Reet, 1963-

    2005-01-01

    Tartus Jaani t. 8 asuva esimese Tartu ülikooli Academia Gustaviana maja, hiljem kohtu- ja vanglahoone ajaloost ja restaureerimisest. Elumajaks kohandatuna valmis hoone 2004. a. kevadeks. Uuringud: Reet Pulk-Piatkowska, Aivar Roosaar. Projekt: AS Tari. Teostus: OÜ Vennad Ehitus. Muinsuskaitseline järelevalve: A. Roosaar. 5 värv- ill

  7. The Lived Experience of Novice Nursing Faculty in Academia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooley, Shirley S.

    2013-01-01

    To relieve the nursing faculty shortage, notable numbers of master's prepared clinical nurse experts are entering the ranks of nursing faculty to teach the prelicensure nursing student. The transition from clinical practice to the academia raises concern about the adequacy of preparation for the complex specialization role of nurse educator. In…

  8. "Good Girls": Emphasised Femininity as Cloning Culture in Academia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mattsson, Tina

    2015-01-01

    Gender inequality in academia might be understood as an effect of the belief of a contradiction between woman and science, which make it difficult for women to appropriate the right to author and authorise acts of knowing and thinking in science. In relation to this concern, the aim of this article is to explore how a group of successful women…

  9. Self Representation in Academia Today: The Social Media Approach

    OpenAIRE

    Peters, Isabella

    2015-01-01

    Presented at the SIGMet sponsored panel on "Self-presentation in academia today: From peer-reviewed publicatuons to social media" at ASIS&T Annual Meeting 2015 in St. Louis. Please refer to https://www.asist.org/SIG/SIGMET/2015/11/09/panel2015/ for more information.

  10. Tenure Denied: Cases of Sex Discrimination in Academia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dyer, Susan K., Ed.

    2004-01-01

    This report focuses on women who took their fight for tenure to the courts. Drawing on 19 cases supported by the American Association of University Women Legal Advocacy Fund since 1981, we document the challenge of fighting sex discrimination in academia. In the process, we illustrate the overt and subtle forms of sex discrimination that continue…

  11. Personal Epistemologies of Statisticians in Academia: An Exploratory Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diamond, Aurel H.; Stylianides, Andreas J.

    2017-01-01

    In this exploratory study, we investigated the personal epistemologies of statisticians in academia with the aim of offering some insight into what might be an availing epistemology for learning statistics. Findings from in-depth, semi-structured interviews with six academics in the UK currently researching within the field of statistics showed…

  12. The Academia We Have and the One We Want

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Munar, Ana Maria; Khoo-Lattimore, Catheryn; Chambers, Donna

    2017-01-01

    This concluding essay challenges the tendency in academia to consider feminist epistemologies and gender equality as peripheral when instead they are central to the flourishing of tourism scholarship. We analyse pervasive misconceptions about gender in higher education and present an alternative...

  13. Environmental Engineering Education: Academia and an Evolving Profession.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patterson, James W.

    1980-01-01

    Summarized are some of the concepts, historical precedents, and pertinent data which explain the existing structure of environmental engineering education in the U.S. Identified are the main issues which must be considered in planning the future directions of academia in educating the environmental engineer. (Author/SMB)

  14. List of Registered Participants

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    user1

    Joshi, Sanhita. National Centre for Radio Astrophysics sjoshi@ncra.tifr.res.in. Kale, Ruta. Raman Research Institute ruta@rri.res.in. Keshet, Uri. Harvard University ukeshet@cfa.harvard.edu. Konar, Chiranjib. Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics,. Academia Sinica chiranjib.konar@gmail.com. Lakhchaura, Kiran. TIFR.

  15. Panorama de las Academias frente al Siglo XXI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zoilo Cuellar Montoya

    1996-12-01

    Full Text Available

    Secretario General
    Academia Nacional de Medicina de Colombia.

    Como representante de 106 años ininterrumpidos de servicio a la medicina, de dedicación incondicional a los pacientes, quiero ser portador de un mensaje de unidad y de fraternidad para el cuerpo médico de Colombia y de la América Latina, condiciones que en la Academia Nacional de Medicina de Colombia consideramos imperativas para adecuar nuestras instituciones a los caleidoscópicos cambios del ejercicio de nuestra profesión, en los albores del siglo XXI, del tercer milenio.

    Quiero transmitirles las experiencias y las conclusiones emanadas, tanto de los diferentes foros que hemos tenido en Santa Fe de Bogotá como del 1 Encuentro Nacional de Academias de Medicina de Colombia, realizado en esta ciudad en marzo pasado. Cuando se inauguró dicho Encuentro nuestro Presidente, el Académico Gilberto Rueda Pérez, anotaba “La ciencia y la tecnología modernas reclaman para el futuro, más que nunca, la presencia directiva de la Academia, pero no de una Academia quieta, que descansa complacida en pretéritas épocas de oro, improductiva, órgano asesor a quien nadie consulta, sino de una Academia viva, dinámica, agresiva, capaz de aportar a través de su gran acerbo de inteligencia, de conocimientos y de experiencia y de su enorme poder de liderazgo, todo aquello que el cuerpo médico nacional espera de ella para el siglo XXI “.

    Años atrás, cuando se perfilaba el nombramiento de un nuevo Ministro de Salud, la Academia dirigió una carta al Presidente de la República que fue desatendida totalmente. En dicha carta la Academia le solicitaba que escogiera a un médico para que se encargara de la cartera de salud, por años en manos de administradores y economistas, con detrimento de los programas nacionales de salud y de las campañas contra los principales flagelos nosológicos de nuestra patria. La respuesta fue el

  16. Competências do gestor de academias esportivas Sports gym manager's competences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Aristides Carvalho de Mello

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo desta pesquisa foi identificar quais seriam as competências necessárias ao desempenho da gestão esportiva. Foram submetidos a uma entrevista semi-estruturada doze gestores de academias da cidade de São Paulo. As respostas confirmam que as competências de gestão podem ser classificadas nas categorias de conhecimentos, habilidades e atitudes e os resultados da pesquisa nos remeteram aos indicadores destas três categorias sendo sete relativas a Conhecimentos (Gestão de Pessoas, Finanças, Vendas, Conhecimento técnico sobre as várias áreas da academia, Marketing, Conhecimentos administrativos, Planejamento, nove relativas a Habilidades (Liderança, Relacionamento Interpessoal, Compor o Mix de Marketing, Visão Sistêmica, Saber Delegar, Temperança, Mediação, Gestão Participativa, Estratégia e dezesseis relativas a Atitudes (Foco no Cliente, Gerência, Busca do Conhecimento, Empatia, Presteza, Planejar, Foco nos Resultados, Orientar-se pela Missão e Valores Institucionais, Visão, Postura Profissional, Capacidade de reestruturar o trabalho, Administrar, Inovar, Atender Pessoas, Otimizar capacidade instalada, Promover a academia.The objective of this research was to identify what are the skills required to perform the sports management. Were submitted to a semi-structured interview twelve managers of gyms in the city of São Paulo. The responses confirm that management skills can be classified into the categories of knowledge, skills and attitudes and the search results forwarded to the indicators in these three categories: seven on Knowledge Management (People, Finance, Sales Expertise about the various areas of academia, Marketing, Administrative Skills, Planning, nine on Skills (Leadership, Interpersonal Relationships, Composing the Marketing Mix, Vision Systemic Learn to delegate, Moderation, Mediation, Participatory Management, Strategy and sixteen on Attitudes (Focus Client, Management, Search of Knowledge, Empathy

  17. Value Co-creation in Practitioner-Academia Relationships

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Rikke Kristine

    . Using empirical data from this on-going practitioneracademia research project, a literature review and inputs from a professional development workshop organized by the author at the British Academy Management’s annual meeting 2012 a position for doing research in/with(in), for and in-between practice...... of both academia and practice as main stakeholders in an industrial Ph.D. project or other projects with the ambition to create value in both camps simultaneously are debated based on the methodological map presented....... are illustrated and discussed against the backdrop of a concrete instance of academia-practitioner collaboration, the industrial Ph.D. research project of Group Mindset-Development in Solar A/S. The industrial Ph.D. researcher is seen as a front-runner vis-a-vis a political climate of increasing demands from...

  18. Strategic Knowledge Collaboration between Danish Business and Chinese Academia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bertelsen, Rasmus Gjedssø; Du, Xiangyun; Søndergaard, Morten Karnøe

    2013-01-01

    Building an innovative, knowledge-based economy is crucial for the future of China, for ensuring sustainable growth. External academic relations are central to creating this innovative economy. Especially Sino-American academic relations through brain circulation, entrepreneurship and investments...... have received research interest. The possibilities for business from a small open Scandinavian economy to build high-level relationships with Chinese academia have not been studied. This article examines the motives of a range of Danish businesses for engaging with Chinese academia and the outcomes...... of such engagement. Such collaboration contributes to the expected areas as innovation, science and technology, research and development, and absorptive capacity in China. However, this collaboration also builds high-level networks and reputations in China for—in this case—Denmark and Danish business. This finding...

  19. An analysis of male cultural hegemony in senior management in UK academia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barbara Bagilhole

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This article examines how academia in the UK is created and perpetuated by men for men. It is based on three of the author’s research projects whose findings indicate patterns of discrimination in UK Higher Education (HE institutes. The research projects collected both qualitative and quantitative data. The qualitative research involved in-depth semi-structured interviews with 80 academics, both women and men at all levels in the UK academic hierarchy. The quantitative research was undertaken via a website survey of the profiles of senior managers in UK HE institutes. The hypothesis is explored that an important mechanism for the continued narrow male-dominated senior management of HE is the disjuncture between formal and informal processes around university promotion. On the one hand, while transparent formal processes seek to locate promotions policies within Equal Opportunity (EO legislation, other important informal processes are opaque, if not invisible, e.g. definitions of merit, and ways of fostering career development. Rather, these latter rely on particular forms of self-promotion, promotion by certain influential others, and subjective interpretation of policies in a way that tends to marginalise women. It is argued that male cultural hegemony, in replicating itself, perpetuates structures and practices that are insular and designed to primarily benefit a narrow group of men in senior management. These tend to be predominantly, from the disciplines in the physical sciences or engineering where men predominate. It argues that women need to challenge these structures and processes to make universities more compatible with the aspirations of women in academia and to make them more successful institutionally.

  20. Iranian academia: evolution after revolution and plagiarism as a disorder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghazinoory, Sepehr; Ghazinoori, Soroush; Azadegan-Mehr, Mandana

    2011-06-01

    Recently, a few of scientific journals raise serious questions about scientific ethics and moral judgment of some of the Iranian government's senior executives in their papers. Plagiarism, under any circumstances is not justified, and we do not intend to justify it in this note. However, we find it useful in understanding why otherwise respected, responsible individuals may engage in plagiarism by terse review of the history Iranian academia.

  1. Academia Grata hõlvab maikuu jooksul Eesti...

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    3.-9. V Academia Grata maali- ja kunstiajaloo workshop Muhu Tamse baasis; 5.-29. V näeb Türi kultuurimajas rühmituse FLY projekte; 7. V esinevad Tartu lastekunstikooli galeriis tegevuskunstiööl Mari Sobolev ja Taave Tuutma; 10.-22. V Draakoni galeriis Marliis Newsome'i näitus "Ameerika unelm"; 11.-22. V Deco galeriis Chintis Lundgreni näitus "Punane kuup"

  2. Beyond and between academia and business: How Austrian biotechnology researchers describe high-tech startup companies as spaces of knowledge production.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fochler, Maximilian

    2016-04-01

    Research and innovation policy has invested considerable effort in creating new institutional spaces at the interface of academia and business. High-tech startups founded by academic entrepreneurs have been central to these policy imaginaries. These companies offer researchers new possibilities beyond and between academia and larger industry. However, the field of science and technology studies has thus far shown only limited interest in understanding these companies as spaces of knowledge production. This article analyses how researchers working in small and medium-sized biotechnology companies in Vienna, Austria, describe the cultural characteristics of knowledge production in this particular institutional space. It traces how they relate these characteristics to other institutional spaces they have experienced in their research biographies, such as in academia or larger corporations. It shows that the reasons why researchers decide to work in biotechnology companies and how they organize their work are deeply influenced by their perception of deficiencies in the conditions for epistemic work in contemporary academia and, to a lesser degree, in industry.

  3. The Potential Roles of the G1LEA and G3LEA Proteins in Early Embryo Development and in Response to Low Temperature and High Salinity in Artemia sinica.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wei Zhao

    Full Text Available Late embryogenesis abundant proteins (LEA are stress resistance-related proteins that play crucial roles in protecting against desiccation, cold and high salinity in a variety of animals and plants. However, the expression pattern, distribution and functions of LEA proteins in the post-diapause period of Artemia sinica, and under high salinity and low temperature stresses, remain unknown. In this study, the complete cDNA sequences of the group 1 LEA (As-g1lea and group 3 LEA (As-g3lea genes from A. sinica were cloned. The expression patterns and location of As-G1LEA and As-G1LEA were investigated. The protein abundances of As-G1LEA, As-G3LEA and Trehalase were analyzed during different developmental stages of the embryo and under low temperature and high salinity stresses in A. sinica. The full-length cDNA of As-g1lea was 960 bp, encoding a 182 amino acid protein, and As-g3lea was 2089 bp, encoding a 364 amino acid protein. As-g1lea and As-g3lea showed their highest expressions at 0 h of embryonic development and both showed higher relative expression in embryonic, rather than adult, development stages. The abundances of As-G1LEA, As-G3LEA and trehalose were upregulated under low temperature and downregulated under high salinity stress. These two genes did not show any tissue or organ specific expression. Our results suggested that these LEA proteins might play a pivotal role in stress tolerance in A. sinica.

  4. Screening for in vivo (anti)estrogenic activity of ephedrine and p-synephrine and their natural sources Ephedra sinica Stapf. (Ephedraceae) and Citrus aurantium L. (Rutaceae) in rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arbo, Marcelo Dutra; Franco, Márcia Toniolo; Larentis, Elisa Rupp; Garcia, Solange Cristina; Sebben, Viviane Cristina; Leal, Mirna Bainy; Dallegrave, Eliane; Limberger, Renata Pereira

    2009-01-01

    Formulations containing Ephedra sinica Stapf. (Ephedraceae) and Citrus aurantium L. (Rutaceae) are consumed worldwide for body weight control. Considering the related adverse effects and the risk potential, the aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of the thermogenic compounds ephedrine, p-sinephrine, E. sinica and C. aurantium in the female reproductive system through the uterotrophic assay in immature female rats. The animals (n = 6-7) received E. sinica 85.5 and 855.0 mg/kg/day, C. aurantium 25.0 and 50.0 mg/kg/day, ephedrine 5.0 mg/kg/day and p-synephrine 50.0 mg/kg/day for three consecutive days by oral gavage. For detection of antiestrogenicity, tamoxifen 20.0 mg/kg/day, E. sinica 855.0 mg/kg/day, C. aurantium 50.0 mg/kg/day, ephedrine 5.0 mg/kg/day and p-synephrine 50.0 mg/kg/day were administered to estrogen-treated females. Macroscopical alterations were evaluated in liver, kidneys, adrenals and uterus. All analyzed substances showed an antiestrogenic potential, but only ephedrine at 0.5 mg/kg/day presented a significative antiestrogenic effect (P < 0.01). Adrenals relative mass were reduced (P < 0.01) in all tested compounds when compared to the control, which seems to be related to the alfa-1-adrenoceptor agonist activity, which promote a vasoconstriction and reduction of the liquid in the organ. The endocrine system is highly complex and there are a number of ways in which a chemical may interfere with it, other in vivo and in vitro assays are being necessary to support this mechanism of action.

  5. Leadership in Architectural Research: Between Academia and the Profession

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hazem Rashed-Ali

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Recent decades have witnessed a notable expansion of architectural research activities, with respect to both subject and methodology. This expansion can be mostly credited to an increase in government and private funding of primarily academic research initiatives. More recently, however, a noticeable increase in research activities within the architectural profession makes it possible to argue that it is the profession itself that is now taking leadership in the development of contemporary research agendas. This growing significance of architectural research, in both academia and the profession,is ultimately a response to the diverse challenges facing the profession; most notably, the issue of environmental sustainability, but also including the rapid pace of technological change, the increase ddiversity of users, and the growing complexity of architectural projects. Engaging research is an essential factor in facing these challenges as well as taking full advantage of the opportunities they offer. For this research to be most effective, however, a greater perspective and a clearer definition of its role and the goals it can aspire to, in both academia and the profession, are needed; and most importantly, the question becomes, how do we foster a more integrated research culture between academia and the profession?

  6. Effect of herbal Ephedra sinica and Evodia rutaecarpa on body composition and resting metabolic rate: a randomized, double-blind clinical trial in Korean premenopausal women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Ho-Jun; Park, Jung-Mi; Kim, Jin-Ah; Ko, Byeong-Pyo

    2008-12-01

    As obesity is becoming an epidemic, diet programs, including low-calorie diets, are continuously being developed. It is generally believed that a low-calorie diet is commonly followed by a resting metabolic rate decrease and ultimate weight regain. Ephedra sinica and evodia rutaecarpa are known to have sympathomimetic and anti-obesity effects. This study was a prospective; double-blinded, randomized and placebo-controlled clinical trial to evaluate the effects of ephedra sinica and evodia rutaecarpa on resting metabolic rate (RMR), body composition and short-term safety in obese Korean premenopausal women on a low-calorie diet. One hundred and twenty-five otherwise healthy obese women (body mass index > or =25 kg/m(2)) were recruited and randomly assigned to three groups: ephedra group (n = 41), evodia group (n = 45) and placebo group (n = 39). Subjects were administered ephedra extract in capsules (pseudo-ephedrine 31.52 mg) or evodia extract in capsules (evodiamine 6.75 mg, rutaecarpine 0.66 mg) or placebo capsules as well as participating in a low-calorie diet for 8 weeks. Resting metabolic rate and body composition were measured at baseline, 4 and 8 weeks. Basic serum tests were performed to evaluate the short-term safety and lipid-lowering effects of the herbs. All three groups showed significant body mass index (BMI) decreases, probably due to the low-calorie diet. Among the groups, the most prominent BMI-reducing effect was seen in the ephedra group. In RMR, no significant change in any group or significant difference among the groups was found. No significant adverse effects were observed in serum tests or in the self-questionnaire. Ephedra combined with a low-calorie diet was effective in reducing BMI. RMR change was not compensated for by the herbal medicines tried. RMR change seemed to be affected by constitution and body composition rather than by medicine. Ephedra and evodia were proven to be safe for short-term use in the herbal form.

  7. Protective effects of the egg stalk of Paratrioza sinica (Hemiptera: Psyllidae) at various angles and spacings against three predaceous coccinellids, Harmonia axyridis, Coccinella septempunctata and Hippodamia variegata (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Pengxiang; Ma, Baoxu; Yan, Shuo; Xu, Jing; He, Jia; Zhang, Rong; Zhang, Runzhi

    2018-02-01

    Paratrioza sinica is a major pest of wolfberry (Lycium barbarum). Coccinellids can effectively control various developmental stages of P. sinica but not the stalked egg. To investigate the protective role of egg stalks against the predaceous coccinellids Harmonia axyridis, Coccinella septempunctata and Hippodamia variegata, we studied the functional responses to, and effects of, two factors: the angle between the egg stalk and the leaf plane, and the spacing between egg stalks. The searching rate, handling time and theoretical maximum egg consumption of H. variegata were optimal among the three ladybug species. Egg consumption by coccinellids was maximum and minimum at stalk angles of 0° and 90°, respectively. The average reduction in the rate of egg consumption when the stalk angle was 90° relative to 0° was significantly smaller for larvae of coccinellids compared with adults, and for H. variegata compared with the other two species. Optimal spacing of eggs for consumption by predators varied with the predator species and their developmental stage, and was close to the body length of the predators. The egg stalk serves as a physical protection against predators. The evolutionary selective advantage of the egg stalk in providing protection against predators requires more attention. Appropriate selection of predators and irrigation strategies may improve control of P. sinica. © 2017 Society of Chemical Industry. © 2017 Society of Chemical Industry.

  8. Breve Historia de la Academia Nacional de Medicina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Efraim Otero Ruiz

    1992-03-01

    Full Text Available

    Puede decirse que la Academia Nacional de Medicina es, sin lugar a dudas, la institución médica de funcionamiento continuo más antigua de Colombia. Nacida como Sociedad de Medicina y Ciencias Naturales en enero de 1873 por iniciativa de los Dres. Manuel Plata Azuero, Nicolás Osorio, Evaristo García, Leoncio Barreto y Abraham Aparicio, se dedicó a estudiar los principales problemas de salud del país que eran, por ese entonces, el saneamiento ambiental (aguas y excretas, las epidemias de enfermedades transmisibles, la lepra, los principios activos de las plantas medicinales vernáculas y las nuevas tendencias de la anatomía, la bacteriología, la fisiología, la medicina interna y la cirugía que en esos momentos sufrían transformaciones radicales en Europa y en todo el mundo.

    Elevada a la categoría de Academia Nacional de Medicina por la Ley 71 de 1890 emanada del Congreso de la República y sancionada por el Presidente Carlos Holguín, fue calificada al mismo tiempo de asesora del Gobierno nacional en materias de salud, papel que le fuera ratificado, casi 90 años más tarde, por la Ley 02 de 1979. Desde entonces ha venido trabajando efectiva pero discretamente, reuniendo las figuras más importantes que ha tenido la medicina nacional en el último siglo: ellas y sus contribuciones pueden verse citadas en la “Cronología histórica” que ha publicado la Revista “Medicina”, órgano de la Academia, en sus entregas Nos. 24 (Enero de 1991 Y 27 (Septiembre de 1991.

    Desde su fundación hasta la década de los años 40 ‘s la Academia llenó el vacío que dejaba la falta de existencia normativa de un Ministerio de Salud encargándose, bien de manera directa, bien por iniciativas emanadas del Gobierno nacional, de abordar los principales problemas de salud en Colombia: la mejoría física, presupuestal e intelectual de los hospitales públicos y la fundación de nuevas instituciones, la creación y puesta en marcha de

  9. Breve Historia de la Academia Nacional de Medicina

    OpenAIRE

    Efraim Otero Ruiz

    1992-01-01

    Puede decirse que la Academia Nacional de Medicina es, sin lugar a dudas, la institución médica de funcionamiento continuo más antigua de Colombia. Nacida como Sociedad de Medicina y Ciencias Naturales en enero de 1873 por iniciativa de los Dres. Manuel Plata Azuero, Nicolás Osorio, Evaristo García, Leoncio Barreto y Abraham Aparicio, se dedicó a estudiar los principales problemas de salud del país que eran, por ese entonces, el saneamiento ambiental (aguas y excretas), las epidemias...

  10. Informe de Actividades de la Academia Segundo Semestre 2005.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfredo Jácome Roca

    2005-10-01

    • El 22 de septiembre de 2005 la Asociación- Sociedad Médico-Quirúrgica del Atlántico otorgó al Académico Efraím Otero-Ruiz su máxima condecoración (Diploma y Medalla “David Castro Senior” “por su eximia trayectoria profesional, científica, humana y de servicio a la Asociación”. La ceremonia fue presidida por el Académico Jaime Castro Blanco, Presidente de la Sociedad y del Capítulo del Atlántico de la Academia Nacional de Medicina....

  11. Chiral unitary theory: Application to nuclear problems

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    PRAMANA c Indian Academy of Sciences. Vol. 57, Nos 2 & 3. — journal of. Aug. & Sept. 2001 physics pp. 417–431. Chiral unitary theory: Application to nuclear problems. E OSET ... Institute of High Energy Physics, Academia Sinica, Beijing, China. 3. Departamento ...... [57] D B Kaplan and A E Nelson, Phys. Lett. B175, 57 ...

  12. Journal of Biosciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. Chi-Fang Chin1 Arthur Chun-Chieh Shih2 Kuo-Chin Fan1 3. Department of Computer Science and Information Engineering, National Central University, Chung-Li, Taiwan; Institute of Information Science, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan; Department of Informatics, Fo Guang Univeristy, Ilan, Taiwan ...

  13. Pramana – Journal of Physics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. M K Singh1 2 3 A K Soma3 V Singh1 3 R Pathak2. Physics Department, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221 005, India; Physics Department, Tilak Dhari Postgraduate College, Jaunpur 222 002, India; Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica, Taipei 11529, Taiwan ...

  14. Puzzles in B physics

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Pramana – Journal of Physics; Volume 67; Issue 5. Puzzles in physics. Hsiang-Nan Li ... Author Affiliations. Hsiang-Nan Li1 2. Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan 115, Republic of China; Department of Physics, National Cheng-Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan 701, Republic of China ...

  15. Pramana – Journal of Physics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ... Valencia, Spain; Institute of High Energy Physics, Academia Sinica, Beijing, China; Departamento de Fisica Moderna, Universidad de Granada, Spain; Physics Department, Nara Women University, Nara, Japan; Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, JINR Dubna, Russia; Departament d'Estructura i Constituents de la Materia, ...

  16. Low-energy neutrino and dark matter physics with sub-keV ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2012-11-15

    Nov 15, 2012 ... Low-energy neutrino and dark matter physics with sub-keV germanium detectors. A K SOMA1,2, L SINGH1, M K SINGH1,2, V SINGH1,∗ and H T WONG2. 1Department of Physics, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221005, India. 2Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica, Nankang, Taipei 11529, Taiwan. ∗.

  17. Advanced Processing and Characterization Technologies. Fabrication and Characterization of Semiconductor Optoelectronic Devices and Integrated Circuits Held in Clearwater, Florida on 8-10 May 1991. American Vacuum Society Series 10

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-07-01

    considered for successful formation of the ohmic contact. *--Visiting Scientist from the Institute of Semiconductors, Academia Sinica, Beijing, China ...Epi-lift-offr, 1. Pollentier, P. De Dobbelaere, F. De Pestel , P. van Daele and P. Demneester, Proceedings of ESSDERC 󈨝 (Berlin. 1989) 7. "A High

  18. Phenomenological applications of kT factorization

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Pramana – Journal of Physics; Volume 63; Issue 6. Phenomenological applications of T factorization. Yong-Yeon ... Author Affiliations. Yong-Yeon Keum1. Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica, Nankang 128, Taipei 11529, Taiwan Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY, 22607 Hamburg, Germany ...

  19. The attitude of the Real Academia Española towards the insertion of etymological information in its dictionary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enrique Jiménez Ríos

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The goal of this article is to analyze the attitude of the Real Academia Española towards the insertion of etymological information in its dictionary. The article examines the etymological ideas of the academic institution contained in the «Discurso proemial sobre las etimologías» of the Diccionario de Autoridades, and in the forewords of the academic dictionaries published since the 18th century. This analysis reveals the different tendencies that have guided the etymological work, determined, at first, by the situation of the Castilian language during the Enlightenment, and, later, by the methodological changes derived from the scientific consideration of the etymological practice.

  20. Una Academia de Medicina Proactiva, Actuante e Innovadora.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zoilo Cuéllar-Montoya

    2005-03-01

    Varias son las labores que desarrolla hoy nuestra Corporación frente a la realidad nacional de la salud y del ejercicio profesional en el sector. En primer lugar, en lo que tiene que ver con dicho ejercicio, abrió el debate público sobre la Ley 100 de 1993 al radicar, en el mes de marzo de 2004, el primer proyecto de modificación de licha Ley, con todo el apoyo parlamentario del Senador Germán Vargas Lleras. Tras los pasos del proyecto 180 de la legislatura que terminaba en junio de ese año, se radicaron en la Comisión Séptima de dicha Corporación 4 proyectos más los cuales, al retirarse temporalmente de la Comisión, para salvarlos, de acuerdo con los procedimientos y la mecánica de los Cuerpos Colegiados, se convirtieron en 14 proyectos radicados en dicha Comisión al iniciarse la legislatura actual de cuya supuesta acumulación, a nuestro pesar, aprobó esa Comisión, casi a pupitrazo limpio, una ponencia, la 052, de clara iniciativa gubernamental, que no incluía sino, si acaso, medio artículo de nuestro proyecto: la Academia, ya para ese entonces, había realizado en su seno varias reuniones con senadores relacionados con el tema y había tenido múltiples reuniones de su comisión de salud y de sus asesores externos en dicha legislación. Hoy, en las plenarias del Senado, con el apoyo incondicional de Vargas Lleras y Cambio Radical y la importantísima actividad de varios sectores altamente interesados, tales como las secretarías de salud de los más importantes departamentos del país, se ha transformado el nuevo proyecto en algo que ya se acerca a las necesidades de nuestra Patria, del ejercicio de nuestra profesión y de todas aquellas profesiones y actividades que incluye el sector. Para lograr sus objetivos, la Academia se ha desplazado a las sedes de varios de sus capítulos y lo ha hecho al menos con dos de las Academias regionales, algunas veces en más de una oportunidad. En segundo lugar, en lo que atañe al proyecto de ley sobre

  1. 130 años, Presencia de la Academia.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Efraím Otero Ruiz

    2003-09-01

    Full Text Available

    El mes de agosto conmemora la Academia Nacional de Medicina, en ceremonia especial, sus 130 años de fundada. Efectivamente, el 3 de enero de 1873 se reunieron en Bogotá, en casa del Dr. Abraham Aparicio los fundadores, doctores Manuel Plata Azuero, Nicolás Osorio, Liborio Zerda, Leoncio Barreto, Evaristo García y el dueño de casa para crear una sociedad “para el estudio y adelanto de las ciencias médicas y naturales”, teniendo como objetivo adicional “el de solidarizar al cuerpo médico y darle unidad al ejercicio profesional, en Bogotá y después en el resto del país”.

    Como Presidente y Secretario se eligieron al Dr. Plata Azuero y al Dr. Aparicio, encargando al Dr. Zerda la elaboración del proyecto de reglamento. En la segunda reunión, que declaró formalmente establecida la Sociedad de Medicina y Ciencias Naturales, concurrieron además los doctores Julio A. Corredor, Samuel Fajardo, Proto Gómez, Andrés María Pardo, Bernardino Medina, Policarpo Pizarro, Pío Rengifo, Rafael Rocha Castilla, Federico Rivas, Joaquín Sarmiento y Antonio Ospina como médicos, asistiendo como naturalista el Sr. Francisco Montoya.

    Adoptaron el reglamento elaborado por el Dr. Zerda y continuaron reuniéndose mensualmente; en julio 2 de 1873 apareció el primer número de la Revista Médica (hoy “Medicina” que, con algunas interrupciones, continuaría publicándose hasta nuestros días.

    Diecisiete años después, en noviembre de 1890, el presidente Carlos Holguín sancionó la Ley 71 de 1890 en que se creaba, con base en la antigua Sociedad, la Academia Nacional de Medicina, cuyo primer Presidente fue el Dr. José María Buendía.

    La Academia fue formalmente instalada por el Presidente Holguín en Abril de 1891 y desde entonces ha venido sesionando en forma ininterrumpida por más de un siglo, cumpliendo la función asesora en materias de salud que le fuera otorgada desde su creación y le fuera ratificada por la

  2. La actuación de la Real Academia de la Historia sobre el patrimonio arqueológico: ruinas y antigüedades

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tortosa, Trinidad

    1996-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to stand out, through the handwritten and unpublished material kept in the Archives of the Real Academia de la Historia, the important role that this institution had in the process of structuring and defining the Spanish Inheritance, mainly archaeologic. The analysed documentation, that covers the period 1738-1930, shows that the Academia acted as an integrator element of social, politic, legislative and scientific interests and relations.La intención de este trabajo es destacar, a través de la documentación manuscrita e inédita de sus archivos, el peso de la Real Academia de la Historia en el proceso de conformación y definición del Patrimonio español, especialmente del arqueológico, frente a la tesis tradicional que plantea su progresivo anquilosamiento a lo largo del siglo XIX. La documentación analizada nos ha permitido retrasar estas fechas hasta comienzos del s. XX. A través de su evolución cronológica (1738-1930 vemos cómo la Academia actúa de elemento integrador de las distintas relaciones e intereses sociales, políticos, legislativos y científicos de cada etapa.

  3. Hinchas del fútbol, academia y nuevas emergencias urbanas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Villanueva Bustos

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available El fenómeno de las mal llamadas “barras bravas” y los “barrabrava” se ha constituido en temáticas de primer orden en los medios de comunicación, en la opinión pública y en los ámbitos académicos e investigativos; en los primeros, desde hace más de diez años, y en los siguientes, desde hace menos tiempo. Esta investigación se plantea para responder cuestionamientos sobre el origen del fenómeno del barrismo en Colombia, específicamente en Bogotá, y sobre los efectos que estas asociaciones de jóvenes han generado en los imaginarios de los ciudadanos, de las instituciones estatales y de la academia.

  4. Sexual discrimination in academia. Implications for dental hygiene faculty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shuman, D; Tolle, S L

    1989-02-01

    Despite anti-discriminatory legislation, academic women in the 1980s have not achieved equality, and continue to face diverse problems advancing in an academic system based on a patriarchal paradigm. The purpose of this paper is to provide dental hygiene faculty with insight, awareness, and understanding into four major problem areas that influence women's academic success: values and attitudes learned through socialization; blocks to administrative positions; the male locus of decision making; and double standards of performance evaluation. Additionally, examples of solutions to these problems are discussed in three categories: individual, internal to the university, and external to the university; in an effort to better prepare women in dental hygiene education to succeed in academia despite discriminatory practices.

  5. Mutual Value Co-Creation in Practitioner-Academia Collaboration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Rikke Kristine

    2012-01-01

    This paper addresses the research practice of practicable research by drawing a map of methodological in-roads to doing research with a view to bridging the practitioner-research gap and producing what has been termed as ‘actionable research’ by engaging closely with practitioners in the research...... of both academia and practice as main stakeholders in an industrial Ph.D. project or other projects with the ambition to create value in both camps simultaneously are debated based on the methodological map presented....... process. The map includes three territories and methodological in-roads for doing research in close collaboration with practitioners with a view to mutual value creation and co-construction: Doing research, in/with(in), for and in-between organizations. The methodological reflections in the map...

  6. Value Co-creation in Practitioner-Academia Relationships

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Rikke Kristine

    This paper addresses the research practice of practicable research by drawing a map of methodological in-roads to doing research with a view to bridging the practitioner-research gap and producing what has been termed as ‘actionable research’ by engaging closely with practitioners in the research...... of both academia and practice as main stakeholders in an industrial Ph.D. project or other projects with the ambition to create value in both camps simultaneously are debated based on the methodological map presented....... process. The map includes three territories and methodological in-roads for doing research in close collaboration with practitioners with a view to mutual value creation and co-construction: Doing research, in/with(in), for and in-between organizations. The methodological reflections in the map...

  7. Kolejna socjologiczna utopia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piotr Sztompka

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Another sociological utopia The polemics between Piotr Sztompka and Michael Burawoy was originally published in Contempo­rary Sociology. A Journal of Reviews no 40/4 as Debate on International Sociology. The starting point of discussion between Piotr Sztompka and Michael Burawoy was the publication entitled Facing an Unequal World: Challenges for a Global Sociology (Volume One: Introduction, Latin America and Africa, 316 pp.; Volume Two: Asia, 362 pp.; Volume Three: Europe, and Concluding Reflections, 296 pp., edited by Michael Burawoy, Mau-kuei Chang and Michelle Fei-yu Hsieh (Taipei, Taiwan: Institute of Sociology at Academia Sinica, Council of National Associations of the International Sociological Association & Academia Sinica, 2010.   Kolejna socjologiczna utopia Prezentowana niżej polemika pt. Debata o socjologii międzynarodowej ukazała się w „Contemporary Sociology. A Journal of Reviews” 40, nr 4. Punktem wyjścia do dyskusji między Piotrem Sztompką i Michaelem Burawoyem była książka z 2010 roku Facing an Unequal World: Challenges for a Global Sociology (t. 1: Introduction, Latin America and Africa, ss. 316; t. 2: Asia, ss. 362; t. 3: Europe, and Conclu­ding Reflexions, ss. 296, pod redakcją Michaela Burawoya, Mau-kuei Changa i Michelle Fei-yu Hsieh, wydana w Tajpej przez Institute of Sociology at Academia Sinica, Council of National Associations of the International Sociological Association & Academia Sinica.

  8. Ostatni pozytywista

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Burawoy

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The Last Positivist The polemics between Piotr Sztompka and Michael Burawoy was originally published in Contempo­rary Sociology. A Journal of Reviews no 40/4 as Debate on International Sociology. The starting point of discussion between Piotr Sztompka and Michael Burawoy was the publication entitled Facing an Unequal World: Challenges for a Global Sociology (Volume One: Introduction, Latin America and Africa, 316 pp.; Volume Two: Asia, 362 pp.; Volume Three: Europe, and Concluding Reflections, 296 pp., edited by Michael Burawoy, Mau-kuei Chang and Michelle Fei-yu Hsieh (Taipei, Taiwan: Institute of Sociology at Academia Sinica, Council of National Associations of the International Sociological Association & Academia Sinica, 2010.   Ostatni pozytywista Prezentowana niżej polemika pt. Debata o socjologii międzynarodowej ukazała się w „Contemporary Sociology. A Journal of Reviews” 40, nr 4. Punktem wyjścia do dyskusji między Piotrem Sztompką i Michaelem Burawoyem była książka z 2010 roku Facing an Unequal World: Challenges for a Global Sociology (t. 1: Introduction, Latin America and Africa, ss. 316; t. 2: Asia, ss. 362; t. 3: Europe, and Conclu­ding Reflexions, ss. 296, pod redakcją Michaela Burawoya, Mau-kuei Changa i Michelle Fei-yu Hsieh, wydana w Tajpej przez Institute of Sociology at Academia Sinica, Council of National Associations of the International Sociological Association & Academia Sinica.

  9. The IT Advantage Assessment Model: Applying an Expanded Value Chain Model to Academia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turner, Walter L.; Stylianou, Antonis C.

    2004-01-01

    Academia faces an uncertain future as the 21st century unfolds. New demands, discerning students, increased competition from non-traditional competitors are just a few of the forces demanding a response. The use of information technology (IT) in academia has not kept pace with its use in industry. What has been lacking is a model for the strategic…

  10. Academia-Industry-Government Linkages in Tanzania: Trends, Challenges and Prospects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mpehongwa, Gasper

    2013-01-01

    This paper analyzed trends, challenges and prospects of academia-industry-government linkages in Tanzania. Using case study design, and documentary review to gather the required data, the study sought to answer three research questions: (1) what are the trends of academia-industry-government linkages in Tanzania?, (2) what are the challenges…

  11. Unlocking Women's Leadership Potential: A Curricular Example for Developing Female Leaders in Academia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knipfer, Kristin; Shaughnessy, Brooke; Hentschel, Tanja; Schmid, Ellen

    2017-01-01

    Women in academia face unique challenges when it comes to advancing to professorship. Using latest research about gender and academic leadership, we present a training curriculum that is sensitive to the unique demands of women in and aspiring to leadership positions in academia. The context-specific and evidence-based approach and a focus on…

  12. Dual Career Couples in Academia, International Mobility and Dual Career Services in Europe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tzanakou, Charikleia

    2017-01-01

    The number of dual career couples in academia is growing due to the increasing proportion of women with a doctoral degree and the greater propensity of women to choose another academic as their partner. At the same time, international mobility is required for career advancement in academia, creating challenges for dual career couples where both…

  13. Academia Nacional de Medicina. Proposición

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Academia Nacional de Medicina

    1996-08-01

    Full Text Available

    La Academia Nacional de Medicina de Colombia registra con profundo pesar la desaparición del ilustre médico doctor Julio Araújo Cuéllar, Miembro Honorario de nuestra Institución, a la que sirvió con gran competencia por más de 40 años y en la que ocupó cargos directivos de alta responsabilidad, tales como Tesorero (1961-1962, Secretario (1971-1973; Miembro de la Comisión de Pediatría para la celebración del centenario de la Academia Nacional de Medicina de Colombia (1973 y Miembro fundador de la Asociación Latinoamericana de Academias Nacionales de Medicina.

    Recordar en este luctuoso momento todo lo que el doctor Araújo significó para Colombia tomaría mucho espacio. Empero se debe mencionar que se graduó en la Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad Nacional el 27 de noviembre de 1933, y que completó su formación en Pediatría, en Baltimore, en el Hospital de la Universidad de Johns Hopkins, y en Boston, en el Hospital General de Massachusetts.

    Prestó sus servicios a numerosas instituciones, por ejemplo a la Salacuna “Gota de Leche” (Protección Infantil Municipal, al Instituto de Protección Infantil de la Beneficencia para Niños Desamparados, al Hospital de “La Misericordia “, al Hogar Clínica “San Rafael“, al Instituto de Seguros Sociales y a la Casa de la Madre y el Niño. En el Hospital Infantil “Lorencita Villegas de Santos” cumplió una larga y brillante tarea; fundó allí el Servicio de Vacunación y por muchos años fue fuente de apoyo y consuelo para la infancia enferma y maestro insuperable de muchas generaciones de pediatras.

    Se destacó como profesor de la Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad Nacional en las cátedras de histología y de pediatría y como profesor de la Escuela Normal Superior y de la Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad Javeriana.

    A la docencia unió igualmente sus dotes de investigador acucioso. Estudió diferentes aspectos de la patolog

  14. The immune-related fatty acids are responsive to CO2 driven seawater acidification in a crustacean brine shrimp Artemia sinica.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Yan; Zheng, Shu-Cheng; Zheng, Chao-Qun; Shi, Yue-Chen; Xie, Xiao-Lu; Wang, Ke-Jian; Liu, Hai-Peng

    2018-04-01

    The gradual increase of CO 2 concentration in the atmosphere, absorbed by the ocean surface water through air to sea equilibration termed ocean acidification (OA), leads to the decline of pH in seawater. It is not clear so far how the composition of fatty acids, particular the immune-related, in marine crustacean and the subsequent energy supply in marine ecosystem are affected by OA. The brine shrimp Artemia sinica is an open and common feed that provide essential fatty acids for mariculture. In this study, the fatty acids profiles of brine shrimp cultured under different lower pH levels of CO 2 driven seawater were investigated. The results showed a significant reduction of the proportion of total saturated fatty acids under the pH7.6 within one week. Meanwhile, the percentage of total monounsaturated fatty acids was significantly decreased at day 14 under pH7.8, and this percentage gave a significant increase of proportion within one week under pH7.6. Furthermore, the relative content of total polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) was found to be clearly increased with exposure to different seawater acidification at day 1, suggesting that the brine shrimp immune response was likely to be affected by acidified seawater as the PUFAs have been well known to be involved in immunomodulatory effects through alterations on cell membrane fluidity/lipid mediators and gene expression of cell signaling pathways. Notably, eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid, which have essential effect on various physiological processes such as inflammatory cytokines production and cell structural stability, were strongly increased under two lower pH treatments within one week and with the significant increase at day 1 under pH7.6. These data clearly supported the hypothesis that OA might affect fatty acids composition, likely also the innate immunity, in crustacean and the subsequent energy transfer by food-chain system in the marine ecosystem. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All

  15. A história do ensino de física no Brasil n o século XIX: as academias militares e o colégio Pedro II

    OpenAIRE

    Beneti, Alysson Cristiano [UNESP

    2014-01-01

    The objective of this study is to set a historical notation on the teaching of Physics in Brazil focusing three teaching institutions. The research problem is expressed by the subject: which were the characteristics of the teaching of Physics in the Real Academia de Artilharia, Fortificação e Desenho (from 1792 to 1810), Academia Real Militar (from 1810 to 1822) and in Colégio Pedro II (from 1838 to 1839)? The goal of the historical documents analysis is confronted with historical narratives ...

  16. Temporal distance and discrimination: an audit study in academia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milkman, Katherine L; Akinola, Modupe; Chugh, Dolly

    2012-07-01

    Through a field experiment set in academia (with a sample of 6,548 professors), we found that decisions about distant-future events were more likely to generate discrimination against women and minorities (relative to Caucasian males) than were decisions about near-future events. In our study, faculty members received e-mails from fictional prospective doctoral students seeking to schedule a meeting either that day or in 1 week; students' names signaled their race (Caucasian, African American, Hispanic, Indian, or Chinese) and gender. When the requests were to meet in 1 week, Caucasian males were granted access to faculty members 26% more often than were women and minorities; also, compared with women and minorities, Caucasian males received more and faster responses. However, these patterns were essentially eliminated when prospective students requested a meeting that same day. Our identification of a temporal discrimination effect is consistent with the predictions of construal-level theory and implies that subtle contextual shifts can alter patterns of race- and gender-based discrimination.

  17. Tacit knowledge in academia: a proposed model and measurement scale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leonard, Nancy; Insch, Gary S

    2005-11-01

    The authors propose a multidimensional model of tacit knowledge and develop a measure of tacit knowledge in academia. They discuss the theory and extant literature on tacit knowledge and propose a 6-factor model. Experiment 1 is a replication of a recent study of academic tacit knowledge using the scale developed and administered at an Israeli university (A. Somech & R. Bogler, 1999). The results of the replication differed from those found in the original study. For Experiment 2, the authors developed a domain-specific measure of academic tacit knowledge, the Academic Tacit Knowledge Scale (ATKS), and used this measure to explore the multidimensionality of tacit knowledge proposed in the model. The results of an exploratory factor analysis (n=142) followed by a confirmatory factor analysis (n=286) are reported. The sample for both experiments was 428 undergraduate students enrolled at a large public university in the eastern United States. Results indicated that a 5-factor model of academic tacit knowledge provided a strong fit for the data.

  18. The dilemma of inclusivity in the globalization of academia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castano Rodriguez, Carolina

    2015-12-01

    This paper extends the conversation started by Mariona Espinet, Mercè Izquierdo, Clara Garcia-Pujol; Ludovic Morge and Isabel Martins and Susana de Souza regarding the diverse issues faced by the internationalisation of science education journals. I use my own experience as an early career researcher coming from an underrepresented culture and language within academia to expand on these issues. I focus on the issues which I have experienced the most: the disconnection between university research and school practice and the struggles with the unspoken power structures. As I delve into my experience, I argue that we are failing to ask the right questions to create a science education community that is inclusive of diverse views and multicultural perspectives. We need to rethink how we can avoid colonisation of school teachers, as Isabel and Susana describe, but also the colonisation of those academics and teachers who are from non-English speaking cultures. I urge us to carry more debates such as the one initiated by these three authors, exposing and debating about the different power structures within science education so that we can progress in empowering all those voices that have been silenced.

  19. The End of Academia?: From "Cogito Ergo Sum" to "Consumo Ergo Sum" Germany and Malaysia in Comparison

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lim, Kim-Hui,; Har, Wai-Mun

    2008-01-01

    The lack of academic and thinking culture is getting more worried and becomes a major challenge to our academia society this 21st century. Few directions that move academia from "cogito ergo sum" to "consumo ergo sum" are actually leading us to "the end of academia". Those directions are: (1) the death of dialectic;…

  20. Academia in the 21st century. An analysis of trends and perspectives in higher education and research

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Boer, Harry F.; Huisman, Jeroen; Klemperer, A.M.; van der Meulen, Barend; Neave, Guy; Theisens, H.C.; van der Wende, Marijk

    2002-01-01

    What are world wide the main trends that will or should have an impact on the future of academia? What is expected from academia by different stakeholders in the years to come? These and related questions are addressed in CHEPS¿s report ¿Academia in the 21st century. An analysis of trends and

  1. Acta Aeronautica et Astronautica Sinica.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-07-28

    Experimental value 4. Theoretical value For convenience of analysis, we used L. Lees ’ method [’] and the reference enthalpy nethod (7,9] to make...Baltakis "Influence of rouchness on heat transfer and transition" NOL TR=73-231 (AD77384). [4] C.L. Jaeck "Analysis of pressure and heat transfer test

  2. First optical education center in Japan established by cooperation between academia and industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yatagai, Toyohiko

    2014-07-01

    At the present of the 21st century, optical technology became what must be in our life. If there is no optical technology, we cannot use optical equipments such as the camera, microscopes, DVD, LEDs and laser diodes (LDs). Optics is also the leading part in the most advanced scientific field. It is clear that the organization which does education and research is required in such a very important area. Unfortunately, there was no such organization in Japan. The education and research of light have been individually done in various faculties of universities, various research institutes, and many companies. However, our country is now placed in severer surroundings, such as the globalization of our living, the accelerated competition in research and development. This is one of the reasons why Utsunomiya University has established Center for Optical Research and Education (CORE) in 2007. To contribute to optical technology and further development of optical industry, "Center for Optical Research and Education (CORE), Utsunomiya University" promotes education and research in the field of the optical science and technology cooperatively with industry, academia and the government. Currently, 6 full professors, 21 cooperative professors, 2 visiting professors and 7 post-doctoral researchers and about 40 students are joined with CORE. Many research projects with industries, the local government of Tochigi as well as Japanese government. Optical Innovation Center has established in CORE by supporting of Japan Science and Technology Agency in 2011 to develop advanced optical technologies for local companies.

  3. Developing Students' Knowledge, Skills and Social Competences in International Marketing Research - Cooperation of Academia and Business

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danuta Babińska

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper is a part of a larger debate concerning the determinants of high quality education, which in the long term constitutes the bases for CEE countries competitiveness. The authors attempt to answer the question regarding possible levels of modern knowledge transfer into real-life business processes as well as the benefits for higher education institutions of cooperating with business practice representatives. The aim of the paper is to present good practices in the scope of providing students with timely knowledge, skills and social competences within the course of international marketing research (IMR conducted under the auspices of the International Business program of the University of Economics in Katowice. The paper indicates the need to deepen the cooperation between universities and companies while identifying the beneficiaries of such cooperation also among the students. Examples of student engagement in the business processes of companies within the IMR course are presented. The meaning of social competences as a key educational effect is underlined and it is indicated that the main area of shaping this kind of competences is student participation in projects directed at solving problems of companies. On the basis of the experience assembled barriers of cooperation between academia and business are indicated.

  4. The language of racism. Textual testimonies of Jewish-Arab hostility in the Israeli Academia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tamar Heger

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The persistent Jewish Arab conflict is present in every aspect of life in Israeli society and its echoes penetrate the everyday reality of higher educational institutions. Feelings of mutual hostility among Arab and Jewish students, faculty and administration are common experiences on Israeli campuses. This article analyzes two textual expressions of this mutual resentment which were circulated in 2011 in Tel Hai College, Israel. One of the texts was produced by Muslim Arab student association and the other by a Zionist Jewish organization. Both groups are present on every campus in Israel. Despite the significant difference of the political location occupied by each organization in the Israeli power structure, we argue that these texts share similar attitudes to the conflict and parallel operational strategies. The paper demonstrates the attempts by these texts to encourage the mutual hostility between Jews and Arabs by employing racist and violent discourse. The article tries to explain the silence of the college administration and faculty in the face of these racist acts, subsequently outlining a vision of a responsible academia which will banish any acts of racism.

  5. As mulheres e a Academia Brasileira de Letras Women and the Brazilian Academy of Letters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michele Asmar Fanini

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available A Academia Brasileira de Letras, entidade fundada em 1897, manteve-se incólume à presença feminina até 1976, ano em que o Art. 17 do Regimento Interno, que até então restringia a eleição aos "brasileiros do sexo masculino", é alterado, assegurando às mulheres a possibilidade de candidatura. Tendo isto em vista, o presente artigo pretende analisar os bastidores do ingresso de Rachel de Queiroz, primeira mulher a sagrar-se imortal, em 1977.The Brazilian Academy of Letters, an institute established in 1897, remained untouched by the feminine presence up to the year 1976, when clause 17 of its Regulations, which until then had restricted itself to "Brazilians of the masculine sex", was modified to allow women the possibility of candidacy. Hence, the objective of this article is to analyze the behind the scenes of the admission of Rachel de Queiroz, the first woman to take part in the writers' "immortal" circle in 1977.

  6. A LINGUAGEM ESCRITA E A APRENDIZAGEM NA ACADEMIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angela Alenice Rothmund

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Viemos, através deste artigo, trazer reflexões sobre um projeto do qual somos bolsistas e que visa investigar as dificuldades enfrentadas pelos professores quanto à linguagem escrita, tanto na produção de textos durante sua formação, quanto nas propostas que apresentam aos alunos como metodologia para práticas de escrita e textualização. O estudo envolveu alunas/os de Cursos de Pedagogia presencial, da UNISC, e a distância, da UFRGS, do Mestrado em Educação - UNISC, bem como seis crianças, pais e professores da Escola Municipal de Ensino Fundamental Elemar Guilherme Kroth de Vera Cruz – RS, discutindo as práticas pedagógicas para o trabalho com a escrita na vivência escolar. Estudamos a linguagem escrita de professores a partir de uma abordagem complexa, articulando princípios da pesquisa participante e da Análise do Discurso com ações de pesquisa-ação, pois a aprendizagem na educação está diretamente relacionada com a qualidade da comunicação que se estabelece entre os que vivenciam o processo educativo, e isto implica o uso adequado da linguagem, especialmente da escrita, quando trabalhamos com diversas tecnologias. Somos seres que habitamos na linguagem, portanto, partimos da ideia de que nós humanos nos estruturamos como sistemas autopoiéticos, desenvolvendo as características biológicas e o domínio de saberes e valores que nos permitem produzirmos a nós mesmos. Conclusões apontam a carência de práticas de escrita prazerosa na academia como causadora de insuficiências em nossas aprendizagens.

  7. Archaeological investigations at the former building of Academia Gustaviana (Jaani Street 8) in Tartu / Andres Tvauri

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tvauri, Andres, 1970-

    2004-01-01

    Kaevamised näitasid, et 1582. aastal krundi enda valdusesse saanud Andreas Orzehowski on lasknud seal paiknenud hoone lammutada ning ehitanud uue maja, milles hiljem tegutses Tartu Ülikooli eellane Academia Gustaviana

  8. Academia pedagógica en Linz – Austria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Riepl, F.

    1977-10-01

    Full Text Available This structure organizes in three levals the various functions related to the academy such as classrooms, conference rooms, chapel, gymnasiums, music rooms and a cafeteria. In the distribution, a concentrated-circulation scheme in a broad central vestibule, near the accesses and the stair wells, has been adopted for the purpose of avoiding extensive corridors and hallways and achieving comfortable and well-defined circulation appropriate for an intensive operation. Natural lighting is one of the needs given prime attention by the solution adopted and is obtained by means of large side Windows on the perimeter and slanted roofs and skylights in the interior. The combination of the inclined glass panels with the dynamic movement of the roofs gives the whole a distinct architectural personality which can be appreciated both from the inside and in the exterior volumes.Esta construcción organiza en tres niveles las diversas funciones relacionadas con la Academia, tales como: salas de clase y de conferencias, capilla, gimnasios, salas de música y una cafetería. En la distribución se ha adoptado un esquema de circulación concentrada en un amplio vestíbulo central, próximo a los accesos y a las cajas de escalera, con el propósito de evitar extensos corredores y pasillos, y procurar una circulación cómoda y bien definida, apta para un funcionamiento intensivo. La iluminación natural es una de las necesidades que la solución adoptada atiende en primer término, obteniéndose mediante ventanales laterales en el perímetro y cubiertas inclinadas y lucernarios en el interior. La combinación de los paneles inclinados de cristal con el movimiento dinámico de las cubiertas otorga al conjunto una marcada personalidad arquitectónica, apreciable tanto desde el interior como en los volúmenes exteriores.

  9. Multiple Discrimination and Immigration: Traces from Institutional, Academic and Populational Discourse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel S. Valles Martínez

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This article focus on the pairing multiple discrimination and immigration, exploring documentation left in political-institutional grounds, academia and people speech. A triple discursive trace is documented (institutional, academic, populational. Main results are: 1 greater use of adjective ?multiple? within political-legal literature on discrimination, being more latent within sociological research; 2 the presence of multiple discrimination forms in institutional, academic and general population language (not always explicitly ; 3 available statistics and surveys do not record the complexity of a sociological and social-legal phenomenon, requering qualitative materials as well (conversational primary discourses from native or immigrant population, and documentary elaborated discourses from institutions or academia.

  10. Meeting the Needs of Dual-Career Couples in Academia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fleig-Palmer, Michelle; Murrin, Joan; Palmer, David; Rathert, Cheryl

    2003-01-01

    It is no secret that higher education is a highly competitive labor market. Colleges and universities are in constant competition to attract and retain top talent. One way some institutions are gaining an edge is by offering career services to partners of relocating new hires. These services can range from resume critiquing to community networking…

  11. What Academia Can Gain from Building a Data Warehouse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wierschem, David; McMillen, Jeremy; McBroom, Randy

    2003-01-01

    Describes how, when used effectively, data warehouses can be a significant component of strategic decision making on campus. Discusses what a data warehouse is and what its informational contents may include, environmental drivers and obstacles, and strategies to justify developing a data warehouse for an academic institution. (EV)

  12. Networking Industry and Academia: Evidence from FUSION Projects in Ireland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stephens, Simon; Onofrei, George

    2009-01-01

    Graduate development programmes such as FUSION continue to be seen by policy makers, higher education institutions and small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) as primary means of strengthening higher education-business links and in turn improving the match between graduate output and the needs of industry. This paper provides evidence from case…

  13. Beyond Academia - Interrogating Research Impact in the Research Excellence Framework.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Terama, Emma; Smallman, Melanie; Lock, Simon J; Johnson, Charlotte; Austwick, Martin Zaltz

    2016-01-01

    Big changes to the way in which research funding is allocated to UK universities were brought about in the Research Excellence Framework (REF), overseen by the Higher Education Funding Council, England. Replacing the earlier Research Assessment Exercise, the purpose of the REF was to assess the quality and reach of research in UK universities-and allocate funding accordingly. For the first time, this included an assessment of research 'impact', accounting for 20% of the funding allocation. In this article we use a text mining technique to investigate the interpretations of impact put forward via impact case studies in the REF process. We find that institutions have developed a diverse interpretation of impact, ranging from commercial applications to public and cultural engagement activities. These interpretations of impact vary from discipline to discipline and between institutions, with more broad-based institutions depicting a greater variety of impacts. Comparing the interpretations with the score given by REF, we found no evidence of one particular interpretation being more highly rewarded than another. Importantly, we also found a positive correlation between impact score and [overall research] quality score, suggesting that impact is not being achieved at the expense of research excellence.

  14. Beyond Academia - Interrogating Research Impact in the Research Excellence Framework.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emma Terama

    Full Text Available Big changes to the way in which research funding is allocated to UK universities were brought about in the Research Excellence Framework (REF, overseen by the Higher Education Funding Council, England. Replacing the earlier Research Assessment Exercise, the purpose of the REF was to assess the quality and reach of research in UK universities-and allocate funding accordingly. For the first time, this included an assessment of research 'impact', accounting for 20% of the funding allocation. In this article we use a text mining technique to investigate the interpretations of impact put forward via impact case studies in the REF process. We find that institutions have developed a diverse interpretation of impact, ranging from commercial applications to public and cultural engagement activities. These interpretations of impact vary from discipline to discipline and between institutions, with more broad-based institutions depicting a greater variety of impacts. Comparing the interpretations with the score given by REF, we found no evidence of one particular interpretation being more highly rewarded than another. Importantly, we also found a positive correlation between impact score and [overall research] quality score, suggesting that impact is not being achieved at the expense of research excellence.

  15. Rethinking the Relationship Between Academia and Industry: Qualitative Case Studies of MIT and Stanford.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Fengliang; Hawk, Soaring

    2016-10-01

    As knowledge has become more closely tied to economic development, the interrelationship between academia and industry has become stronger. The result has been the emergence of what Slaughter and Leslie call academic capitalism. Inevitably, tensions between academia and industry arise; however, universities such as MIT and Stanford with long traditions of industry interaction have been able to achieve a balance between academic and market values. This paper describes the strategies adopted by MIT and Stanford to achieve this balance. The results indicate that implicit culture is a stronger determinant of balance than are explicit rules. Finally, the author proposes a concept of balance to reconsider the relationship between academia and industry: today's universities, particularly those with strengths in engineering and management, are both symbiotic and interdependent with industry. A reasonable attitude toward the university-industry relationship is that of balance rather than strict separation. Universities can thus establish effective mechanisms to reach a balance between conflicting values.

  16. Better infrastructure: industry-academia partnerships--a marriage of convenience?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abraham, Edward

    2009-01-01

    The successful design and completion of clinical trials often requires participation of both industry and academia. Although there may be differing priorities for academic and industry participants, both bring important insights and resources to the clinical trial effort. Although industry generally is primarily responsible for preclinical development and funding of the study and academia for patient recruitment and participation in the data safety monitoring board and clinical coordinating center, there are also a number of important areas, including protocol design, data analysis, and manuscript preparation where both academia and industry can supply important insights. Inherent tensions may exist in the academic-industry relationship, including important issues relating to conflict of interest for both academic and industry participants. Nevertheless, the academic-industry partnership, if appropriately organized, can perform in a synergistic fashion, allowing exploration of novel therapies, elucidation of important mechanisms, and greater understanding of critical illness through using combined approaches that generate insights unable to be provided by either partner alone.

  17. The Imperative of Academia in the Globalization of Plastic Surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nayar, Harry S; Bentz, Michael L; Baus, Gustavo Herdocia; Palacios, Jorge; Dibbell, David G; Noon, John; Poore, Samuel O; King, Timothy W; Mount, Delora L

    2015-06-01

    Although vertical health care delivery models certainly will remain a vital component in the provision of surgery in low-and-middle-income countries, it is clear now that the sustainability of global surgery will depend on more than just surgeons operating. Instead, what is needed is a comprehensive approach, that is, a horizontal integration that develops sustainable human resources, physical infrastructure, administrative oversight, and financing mechanisms in the developing world. We propose that such a strategy for development would necessarily involve an active role by academic institutions of high-income countries.

  18. National narrative, ethnology, and academia in post-Soviet Uzbekistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marlène Laruelle

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Since the disintegration of the Soviet Union, the new states of Central Asia have been obliged to adjust their institutions to new symbolic frontiers and to take into account the independence they achieved in 1991. Both universities and Academies of Sciences have been called to reconsider their research policies and to orient them in order to respond to emerging national issues. The building of national narratives is a particularly relevant object of study in observing the various modes of legitimization of the Central Asian states and the scientific instruments they deem necessary for their political validation. The aim of this paper is to overcome the apparent, albeit actual, character of a number of changes that have taken place in Uzbekistan since 1991, in order to demonstrate the continuity of personal, institutional, and intellectual lines uniting contemporary research to that conducted during Soviet period. The preference accorded to ancient history, the praise of the originality and long heritage of the people, and an obsession with ethnogenesis, all are rooted in the contemporary narrative of the previous regime. They invite a reconsideration of the past two decades in a more nuanced manner and a rereading of the Soviet past in order to understand the process of building the nation-state, which has now been underway for more than half a century.

  19. From industry to academia: Benefits of integrating a professional project management standard into (geo)science research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cristini, Luisa

    2017-04-01

    Scientific and technological research carried out within universities and public research institutions often involves large collaborations across several countries. Despite the considerable budget (typically millions of Euros), the high expectations (high impact scientific findings, new technological developments and links with policy makers, industry and civil society) and the length of the project over several years, these international projects often rely heavily on the personal skills of the management team (project coordinator, project manager, principal investigators) without a structured, transferable framework. While this approach has become an established practice, it's not ideal and can jeopardise the success of the entire effort with consequences ranging from schedule delays, loss of templates/systems, financial charges and ultimately project failure. In this presentation I will show the advantages of integrating a globally recognised standard for professional project management, such as the PMP® by the Project Management Institute, into academic research. I will cover the project management knowledge areas (integration management, scope management, time management, cost management, quality management, human resources management, risk management, procurement management, and stakeholder management) and the processes within these throughout the phases of the project lifetime (project initiation, planning, executing, monitoring and controlling, and closure). I will show how application of standardised, transferable procedures, developed within the business & administration sector, can benefit academia and more generally scientific research.

  20. Karjääriplaneerimine ja ACADEMIA / Elle Mäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mäe, Elle

    2005-01-01

    7.-8. juunil Pühajärvel toimunud konverentsist "Liikumine Euroopas - miks ja kuidas?". Konverentsi eesmärk oli suurendada teadlikkust töö ja õpingute-alase vaba liikumise kasulikkusest; 11.-15. aprillil Soomes Kuopios toimunud karjääriteenuste osutajate vahetusprojekti ACADEMIA koolitusest

  1. Barriers to Women Leaders in Academia: Tales from Science and Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howe-Walsh, Liza; Turnbull, Sarah

    2016-01-01

    There is growing concern regarding the lack of women in senior positions in science and technology (ST) in United Kingdom (UK) universities. Previous research has enhanced our understanding of the challenges women in academia face to progress their careers. In contrast, relatively little is known as to why so few women reach leadership positions…

  2. Slaying the Seven-Headed Dragon: The Quest for Gender Change in Academia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brink, M.C.L. van den; Benschop, Y.W.M.

    2012-01-01

    In this article we propose a multi-level distinction between gender inequality practices and gender equality practices to come to better understanding of the slow pace of gender change in academia. Gender inequality resembles an unbeatable seven-headed dragon that has a multitude of faces in

  3. The role of academia and industry in nurturing women in physics in Kenya

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nyamwandha, Cecilia A.; Kasina, Angeline; Muthui, Zipporah W.; Awuor, Emily; Baki, Paul

    2015-12-01

    The authors look at some of the primary initiatives taken by the government, academia, and industry to nurture the goals and dreams of Kenyan women physicists. They discuss key transformative lines of progress as evidenced by statistics, and the enabling environments and platforms upon which these were made possible.

  4. The Efficacy of Social Media Technologies in Academia: A Pedagogical Bliss or Digital Fad?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kivunja, Charles

    2015-01-01

    Efficacy of a teaching strategy technically refers to the ability of that strategy to produce a desired or intended learning outcomes. To date, there is little information on the efficacy of social media technologies in academia and it is likely to be some time before their effectiveness is proven. It is therefore legitimate to ask the question,…

  5. Productivity in Academia: An Assessment of Causal Linkages between Output and Outcome Indicators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wamala, Robert; Ssembatya, Vincent A.

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to investigate causal linkages between output and outcome indicators of productivity in academia. Design/methodology/approach: The duration of teaching service and the number of graduate students supervised to completion were adopted as output indicators of productivity. Equivalent outcome indicators were the…

  6. Academia Cuauhtli: (Re)Locating the Spiritual, if Crooked, Path to Social Justice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valenzuela, Angela

    2017-01-01

    This essay doubles as a critique of the brutal violence visited upon the immigrant community in Austin, Texas, in the wake of Donald Trump's presidency, and a deeply personal account related to the establishment of Academia Cuauhtli, a language and culture revitalization project in Austin, Texas. It narrates our origins as a community-anchored,…

  7. Inside the Ivory Tower: Narratives of Women of Colour Surviving and Thriving in British Academia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gabriel, Deborah, Ed.; Tate, Shirley Anne, Ed.

    2017-01-01

    This book is centred on the perspectives, experiences and career trajectories of women of colour in British academia. It reveals a space dominated by whiteness and patriarchy, in which women of colour must develop strategies for survival and success. The contributors explore how their experiences are shaped by race and gender and how racism…

  8. Refugees, Migrants, Visitors and Internally Displaced Persons: Investigating Acculturation in Academia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rowe, Nicholas; Martin, Rose; Knox, Sarah; Mabingo, Alfdaniels

    2016-01-01

    What is the boundary of the academic space, and who can belong within it? The migration of skilled practitioners into Academia from other workplaces brings with it the opportunity to expand the understandings and functions of higher education. Similar to processes of geographic/political migration, the acculturation resulting from this…

  9. Poverty PhDs: Funds of Knowledge, Poverty, and Professional Identity in Academia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cutri, Ramona Maile; Manning, Jill Michelle; Chun, Marc

    2011-01-01

    In contrast to the common deficit approach, this self-study explores the relationship between the funds of knowledge possessed by people of poverty and their development of professional identity in academia. All three authors have moved beyond conditions of financial poverty, but all find that the mental conditions of poverty persist. We conclude…

  10. Report Calls for "Transdisciplinary" Research and Collaboration Between Academia and Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balcerak, Ernie

    2013-05-01

    A new report by the American Academy of Arts and Sciences calls for increased integration across academic disciplines and increased coordination between academia and industry to help solve societal problems and maintain the United States' competiveness in science and technology in a global economy.

  11. A Critical Analysis of Anti-Discrimination Law and Microaggressions in Academia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lukes, Robin; Bangs, Joann

    2014-01-01

    This article provides a critical analysis of microaggressions and anti-discrimination law in academia. There are many challenges for faculty claiming discrimination under current civil rights laws. Examples of microaggressions that fall outside of anti-discrimination law will be provided. Traditional legal analysis of discrimination will not end…

  12. The conflict of the faculties : perspectives on artistic research and academia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Borgdorff, Hendrik Anne (Henk)

    2012-01-01

    The thesis is about artistic research – what it is, or what it could be. And it is about the place that artistic research could have in academia, within the whole of academic research. It is also about the ways we speak about such issues, and about how the things we say (in this study and elsewhere)

  13. Technology Transfer: A Case Study of Programs and Practices at NASA, DOD, DOC, and Academia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blood, John R.

    2009-01-01

    Technology transfer is vital to humanity. It spurs innovation, promotes commerce, and provides technology-based goods and services. Technology transfer is also highly complex and interdependent in nature. This interdependence is exemplified principally by the various technology transfer interactions between government, industry, and academia. …

  14. [The work of Dr Seweryn Gałezowski in "Academia de Medicina de Mejico" between 1837-1842].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dabek, R

    1994-01-01

    During his stay in Mexico between 1836 and 1848, Dr Seweryn Gałezowski participated in all the activities of Academia de Medicina in Mexico as its member and president (1838 term of office). During this period he published 10 works and one critical review in the Spanish language Periodico de la Academia de Medicina de Mejico.

  15. Monitoring gender remuneration inequalities in academia using biplots

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    IS Walters

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Gender remuneration inequalities at universities have been studied in various parts of the world. In South Africa, the responsibility largely rests with individual higher education institutions to establish levels of pay for male and female academic staff members. The multidimensional character of the gender wage gap includes gender differentials in research output, age, academic rank and qualifications. The aim in this paper is to demonstrate the use of modern biplot methodology for describing and monitoring changes in the gender remuneration gap over time. A biplot is considered as a multivariate extension of an ordinary scatterplot. Our case study includes the permanent fulltime academic staff at Stellenbosch University for the period 2002 to 2005. We constructed canonical variate analysis (CVA biplots with 90% alpha bags for the five-dimensional data collected for males and females in 2002 and 2005 aggregated over faculties as well as for each faculty separately. The biplots illustrate, for our case study, that rank, age, research output and qualifications are related to remuneration. The CVA biplots show narrowing, widening and constant gender remuneration gaps in different faculties.

  16. The G4R GMES Academy - linking research, academia, service providers and local authorities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeil, Peter; Tramutoli, Valerio

    2013-04-01

    The GMES Academy intends to enhance the role of the academic and R&D communities in the evolution of EO & GI services. The GMES4Regions G4R initiative, aiming to strengthen the link between GMES (Global Monitoring for Environment and Security) and European regions, inaugurated the GMES Academy at the University Mozarteum of Salzburg (Austria) on 13th - 14th September 2012. This academy has been created with the objective of fostering a dialogue among the private sector, Local and Regional Administration (LRA) and the academic and research community, in order to improve the development of Earth Observation (EO) and Geographic Information (GI) services. On this occasion, Z_GIS, the Interfaculty Department of Geoinformatics of Salzburg University, hosted the round table "Fostering Downstream Services for the Regions - contributions from Research & Academia," during which the participants had the opportunity to discuss with representatives of the European Commission (EC) and the European Space Agency (ESA) the future role of the academic community in this domain. Stakeholders from the academic and R&D world adopted the 'Salzburg Declaration on GMES related Research', calling for strengthening connections between research activities and educational programmes to improve GMES services. The Declaration calls mainly for: • fostering education and training on GMES • ensuring cooperation among the academic and research community through the GMES Academy • maintaining a political commitment towards the implementation of such academic initiatives. The GMES Academy is established as a platform with six components: GATEWAY - the directory of Universities and Research Centres BRIDGE - an inventory of research briefs documenting the latest offerings from research to effective applications FACILITATOR - a portal to seek or propose internships or contract research across Europe and addressing outreach and advocacy: LINK - Access to the repository of on-going GMES related

  17. Working Towards Open and Inclusive Support of Mental Health in Academia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Black, T. E.

    2017-12-01

    Mental health issues among academics have historically been dismissed as being inherent to the academic culture. While this culture is starting to shift toward more open recognition of these issues, progress toward addressing them lags. I will share a graduate student-focused perspective on some causes and effects of mental health issues in academia, and offer some actionable ideas for improvement. The stereotypical graduate school experience is conducive to the development of mental health issues. Financial stresses, balancing research, teaching, and degree commitments, and managing significant non-academic life events can be detrimental to student health without an adequate system of support. The limited recognition of and support for mental health issues in academia comes at great cost not only to individual health, but to the scientific community. Who do we exclude when we do not fully support individuals with mental health concerns? There are many anecdotes of scientists leaving academia for the sake of their mental health; it is plausible that many, anticipating potential mental health concerns or the factors that drive them, do not pursue academia at all. How can we support those in academia who experience mental health concerns? We can start by ensuring that everyone in our community has access to appropriate resources. This may look like providing new community members with clear information about the mental health services and resources that are available to the community, or advocating for better resources where they are lacking. It is important, however, to address the potential causes of mental health issues as well as the symptoms. While exact factors depend strongly on individuals, we should work to establish more flexible community standards and protocols that can accommodate the various life circumstances that we may encounter. Such actions would help to drive a broader culture shift toward recognizing and destigmatizing mental health issues.

  18. Proposta de Atributos de Serviços e de Indicadores de Desempenho para Academias Fitness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elis Maria Motta

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Nos últimos anos, o mercado de academias de musculação e ginástica, também conhecido como fitness, tem evidenciado um grande crescimento no Brasil. Em virtude do aumento da concorrência, as academias tradicionalmente gerenciadas principalmente por profissionais de Educação Física estão sendo pressionadas por franquias lideradas por executivos capacitados e com recursos para atuar no mercado. Nesse sentido, este estudo teve por objetivo propor uma matriz de atributos de serviços e de desempenho considerada relevante sob a ótica dos gestores de academias, profissionais e clientes para a melhoria do desempenho e da competitividade dessas empresas. Construída uma base teórica sobre o tema, foi envidada pesquisa junto a gestores, clientes e colaboradores de três academias de Florianópolis, SC, os quais avaliaram os atributos de serviços mais relevantes para essas empresas. A avaliação dos indicadores de desempenho foi realizada apenas pelos gestores. Os dados foram coletados no segundo trimestre de 2016. Através dos resultados, pôde-se concluir que é necessário contextualizar os atributos e os indicadores para cada academia. No caso dos atributos, a avaliação dos clientes é essencial, portanto pesquisas periódicas são necessárias. Quanto aos indicadores de desempenho, verificou-se que os gestores conhecem uma parte deles, mas pouco os utilizam, sendo necessária uma mudança de comportamento na administração dessas empresas para garantir a sobrevivência do negócio.

  19. New psychoactive substances legislation in Ireland - Perspectives from academia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kavanagh, Pierce V; Power, John D

    2014-01-01

    The emergence of 'legal highs' or 'new psychoactive substances' (NPS) on the Irish market is reflective of their appearance in many countries, with some notable exceptions. The official response to the situation is examined here by looking at Irish controlled drugs legislation and drug enforcement policies as enacted in recent years and their effects on academic research on NPS. The philosophy and practice of outright bans of scheduled substances has not been effective in delivering the stated aims of illicit drug control, namely harm reduction. With these legislative changes, we have witnessed the removal of the 'legitimate' sale and open marketing of a number of NPS to the general public in commercial retail premises. However, as legislation was enacted, suppliers and vendors rapidly changed the contents of their legal high products from now controlled to non-controlled substances. We have found that it is administratively challenging to perform scientific research on controlled substances at academic institutions. It is desirable to gather analytical, pharmacological, and toxicological data on these substances as they emerge on the market but due to the restrictive nature of licensing requirements, once a substance or generic class of substances is controlled, this becomes more difficult. The facts that any quantity of substance, no matter how small, is controlled, the nomenclature used to describe compounds is not consistent within the enacted legislation and the use of catch-all classes of compounds with the intention of controlling many similar molecular structures, all create problematic issues for academic researchers. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  20. Researcher might have found answer to 'birth of the universe'

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    A National Taiwan University (NTU) research team has discovered a new physical phenomenon that could challenge the well-accepted theory about the birth of the universe. However,Lee Shih-chang, a researcher at Academia Sinica's Institute of Physics, said the new scientific research results will be accepted only after an academic paper detailing the research process and conclusions is released and the research results are verified by experts in the field.

  1. Taiwan’s biodiversity research achievements over the past 10 years (2001–2011)

    OpenAIRE

    Kwang-Tsao Shao

    2012-01-01

    Since the 1990s, Taiwan’s academic community has been promoting the conservation, education, and research of biodiversity. The Administration authority passed the “Biodiversity Promotion Plan” in 2001 and the Research Agency established an independent Biodiversity discipline in 2002. Subsequently, several universities and the Academia Sinica either founded or reorganized biodiversity research institutes or centers to actively carry out related research. The Research Agency sponsors basic scie...

  2. The project for virus mails and junk mails

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Qi Fazhi; Shou Xuejian

    2003-01-01

    Along with the application of network, Email is becoming more and more important for people's communication. But like other net work applications, Email is being infracted by Virus Mails and Junk mails. Sendmail and Procmail are used to deal with Virus Mails and Junk mails in this paper. It is effective to prevent the IHCP (Institute of High Energy Physics Academia Sinica) mail server from attacks now

  3. Origins and evolution of the collaboration between CERN and the People's Republic of China 1971-1980

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lock, W.O.

    1981-01-01

    The report describes in some detail the origins and evolution up to the present day of the collaboration between the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) and the Institute of High Energy Physics of the Academia Sinica in Beijing, People's Republic of China. The text is illustrated by a number of photographs, while some of the relevant documents and letters are reproduced as Annexes. (orig.)

  4. Developing an academia-based public health observatory: the new global public health observatory with emphasis on urban health at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castillo-Salgado, Carlos

    2015-11-01

    Health observatories may differ according to their mission, institutional setting, topical emphasis or geographic coverage. This paper discusses the development of a new urban-focused health observatory, and its operational research and training infrastructure under the academic umbrella of the Department of Epidemiology and the Institute of Urban Health at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health (BSPH) in Baltimore, USA. Recognizing the higher education mission of the BSPH, the development of a new professional training in public health was an important first step for the development of this observatory. This new academia-based observatory is an innovative public health research and training platform offering faculty, investigators, professional epidemiology students and research partners a physical and methodological infrastructure for their operational research and training activities with both a local urban focus and a global reach. The concept of a public health observatory and its role in addressing social health inequalities in local urban settings is discussed.

  5. Developing an academia-based public health observatory: the new global public health observatory with emphasis on urban health at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Castillo-Salgado

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Health observatories may differ according to their mission, institutional setting, topical emphasis or geographic coverage. This paper discusses the development of a new urban-focused health observatory, and its operational research and training infrastructure under the academic umbrella of the Department of Epidemiology and the Institute of Urban Health at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health (BSPH in Baltimore, USA. Recognizing the higher education mission of the BSPH, the development of a new professional training in public health was an important first step for the development of this observatory. This new academia-based observatory is an innovative public health research and training platform offering faculty, investigators, professional epidemiology students and research partners a physical and methodological infrastructure for their operational research and training activities with both a local urban focus and a global reach. The concept of a public health observatory and its role in addressing social health inequalities in local urban settings is discussed.

  6. HEPTech Academia – Industry Matching Event on Control Systems for Accelerators and Detectors

    CERN Document Server

    Anastasios Charitonidis (FP/KT), on behalf of the organizing committee

    2013-01-01

    The HEPTech AIME (Academia – Industry Matching Event) on Controls for accelerators and detectors will take place from 2 to 3 December in Athens, Greece.   The HEPTech network invites you to Demokritos NCSR to participate in an event that aims to bring together Academia and Industry to share ideas and potential applications of Controls Technology. The event will provide an overview of current Controls Systems for large scale projects including the LHC, the CMS and ATLAS detectors, medical accelerator facilities and contributions from companies active in these fields. CERN Computer Centre. The programme will also address some of the challenges faced by future High Energy Physics projects in the controls area and provide a glimpse into the future requirements of research infrastructures such as the European Spallation Source (ESS), and the Extreme Light Infrastructure (ELI), while exploring different possible approaches to the commercialisation of controls technology. The event ...

  7. Alcohol medications development: advantages and caveats of government/academia collaborating with the pharmaceutical industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Litten, Raye Z; Ryan, Megan; Falk, Daniel; Fertig, Joanne

    2014-05-01

    The process of developing pharmacological treatments for alcohol use disorder is notoriously complex and challenging. The path to market is long, costly, and inefficient. One way of expediting and reducing the drug development process is through collaborations-building partnerships among government, academia, pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies, healthcare organizations and advocacy groups, and the patients (end consumers) themselves. By forging collaborations, particularly with pharmaceutical companies, the alcohol treatment field stands to reap benefits in generating new medications for use in mainstream treatment settings. At the same time, there are certain caveats that should be considered, particularly by academic researchers, before entering into such partnerships. This commentary examines the advantages and caveats of government and academia collaborations with pharmaceutical companies. Published 2014. This article is a U.S. Government work and is in the public domain in the USA.

  8. Avaliabilidade do programa academia da saúde no recife: Um estudo de caso

    OpenAIRE

    SILVA, Rafaela Niels da

    2015-01-01

    O Programa Academia da Saúde (PAS) foi implantado na cidade do Recife a partir de 2011 e tem o objetivo contribuir para a promoção da saúde e produção do cuidado através de ações articuladas no âmbito da Atenção Básica. Entretanto, o programa ainda não foi submetido a avaliações. Esta dissertação foi desenvolvida em formato de artigo e tem como objetivo aferir a avaliabilidade do programa Academia da Saúde em Recife. Para tanto, desenvolveu-se um estudo de caso com ênfase na...

  9. Congomania in Academia. Recent Historical Research on the Belgian Colonial Past

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.E. Kiangu

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The Congo has recently been the subject of much academic research. This article discusses the major trends and developments. It primarily focuses on the Congo crisis of 1960, which was commemorated in 2010 and has been inquired into by many historians, including American, British and Russian ones. A comparison of their conclusions reveals that Flanders has largely come to terms with its colonial past, but that the French-speaking community has a more problematic memory. Belgian academia, by contrast, has left the old controversies about Leopold II and Lumumba behind and embarked on the path of new imperial history. It approaches the Congolese past from new angles and with new paradigms, such as reciprocity, science, exhibition, representation, etc. Congolese academia suffers from the economic problems of the country, but has managed to produce a number of studies, focusing mainly on regions, religion, and resistance. Strikingly, Congolese historians have little criticism of the colonial era.

  10. "Suando a camisa" em academias de ginástica do Rio de Janeiro: um estudo etnográfico

    OpenAIRE

    Silva, Alan Camargo; Ferreira, Jaqueline

    2016-01-01

    Resumo As secreções humanas podem indicar como os grupos sociais compreendem múltiplas formas de usos do corpo. Assim, o objetivo deste trabalho foi analisar como o suor pode ser concebido pelos alunos em academias de ginástica. Durante um ano, foi realizada pesquisa etnográfica comparativa em academias de pequeno e grande porte, respectivamente, inseridas em um bairro popular e nobre do Rio de Janeiro. Foi possível concluir que enquanto na academia de pequeno porte havia certa positividade a...

  11. Perfil dos Gestores de Academia Fitness no Brasil: Um Estudo Exploratório

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Carlos de Santana

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Estudos sobre a indústria do fitness no Brasil têm abordado aspectos diferenciados sobre o segmento, mas sem se ater ao conhecimento do perfil do gestor, que pode nortear sua formação e carreira (Soucie, 2002; Celma, 2004. O objetivo do presente estudo foi levantar e descrever o perfil de gestores de academias e de redes de academias no Brasil no sentido de fornecer subsídios à formação do gestor para o segmento. Foi realizada pesquisa exploratória e descritiva junto a dirigentes de Academias isoladas e de Redes de Academias, através de formulário eletrônico composto por questões fechadas e abertas. O tratamento dos dados foi realizado através de estatística descritiva. Os resultados obtidos em relação ao perfil sócio-demográficos do gestor se coadunam com os verificados em estudos nacionais e internacionais relativos ao gestor de diversos segmentos esportivos (a maioria dos gestores está na faixa 30 a 39 anos e é do sexo masculino, tem formação superior e possui pós-graduação em nível de especialização. Foram verificadas diferentes características do perfil entre gestores dos dois grupos em relação ao grau e especificidade na formação continuada, à longevidade no cargo e que a gestão de Unidades está fortemente vinculada ao empreendedorismo no setor. Conclui-se que os gestores das organizações do setor têm características particulares a esse segmento da Indústria do Esporte.DOI: 10.5585/podium.v1i1.14

  12. Bringing the National Security Agency into the Classroom: Ethical Reflections on Academia-Intelligence Agency Partnerships.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kampe, Christopher; Reid, Gwendolynne; Jones, Paul; S, Colleen; S, Sean; Vogel, Kathleen M

    2018-01-09

    Academia-intelligence agency collaborations are on the rise for a variety of reasons. These can take many forms, one of which is in the classroom, using students to stand in for intelligence analysts. Classrooms, however, are ethically complex spaces, with students considered vulnerable populations, and become even more complex when layering multiple goals, activities, tools, and stakeholders over those traditionally present. This does not necessarily mean one must shy away from academia-intelligence agency partnerships in classrooms, but that these must be conducted carefully and reflexively. This paper hopes to contribute to this conversation by describing one purposeful classroom encounter that occurred between a professor, students, and intelligence practitioners in the fall of 2015 at North Carolina State University: an experiment conducted as part of a graduate-level political science class that involved students working with a prototype analytic technology, a type of participatory sensing/self-tracking device, developed by the National Security Agency. This experiment opened up the following questions that this paper will explore: What social, ethical, and pedagogical considerations arise with the deployment of a prototype intelligence technology in the college classroom, and how can they be addressed? How can academia-intelligence agency collaboration in the classroom be conducted in ways that provide benefits to all parties, while minimizing disruptions and negative consequences? This paper will discuss the experimental findings in the context of ethical perspectives involved in values in design and participatory/self-tracking data practices, and discuss lessons learned for the ethics of future academia-intelligence agency partnerships in the classroom.

  13. Algunas observaciones acerca de la reciente Ortografía de la Real Academia

    OpenAIRE

    Morreale, Margherita

    1999-01-01

    Este artículo responde a la exhortación, incluida en la Ortografía de la lengua española publicada recientemente por la Real Academia Española, que advierte que cualquier objeción o cualquier indicación que ayude a mejorar la susodicha edición será bienvenida, con unas observaciones acerca de algunos de los apartados, siguiendo el orden propuesto, con sugerencias accidentales, y algunas sustanciales.

  14. Collaborative Computer Graphics Product Development between Academia and Government: A Dynamic Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fowler, Deborah R.; Kostis, Helen-Nicole

    2016-01-01

    Collaborations and partnerships between academia and government agencies are common, especially when it comes to research and development in the fields of science, engineering and technology. However, collaboration between a government agency and an art school is rather atypical. This paper presents the Collaborative Student Project, which aims to explore the following challenge: The ideation, development and realization of education and public outreach products for NASAs upcoming ICESat-2 mission in collaboration with art students.

  15. From academia to industry: The story of Google DeepMind

    OpenAIRE

    Legg, Shane

    2014-01-01

    Shane Legg left academia to cofound DeepMind Technologies in 2010, along with Demis Hassabis and Mustafa Suleyman. Their vision was to bring together cutting edge machine learning and systems neuroscience in order to create artificial agents with general intelligence. Following investments from a number of famous technology entrepreneurs, including Peter Thiel and Elon Musk, they assembled a team of world class researchers with backgrounds in systems neuroscience, deep learning, reinforcement...

  16. O Ensino da Propriedade Intelectual: Mapeando as Academias da Rede Global

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beatriz Amorim-Borher

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo tem por objetivo geral apresentar um mapeamento das Academias de Propriedade Intelectual vinculadas à Rede Global de Academias de PI (Global Network on Intellectual Property Academies/GNIPA, identificando suas estruturas de gestão, missões, atividades e resultados e, ao mesmo tempo, contextualizando o estabelecimento das mesmas no reconhecimento de que inovação e propriedade intelectual passam a ser elementos centrais para competitividade econômica. Tal diagnóstico deverá oferecer informações relevantes para apoiar, entre outras coisas: o fortalecimento da cooperação técnica entre as mencionadas Academias, o acesso a recursos didáticos existentes e o estabelecimento de futuros programas de ensino e pesquisa no campo da propriedade intelectual.This article focuses on a research developed to map the main characteristics of existing Academies of Intellectual Property which are linked to the Global Network on Intellectual Property Academies – (GNIPA, examining their organizational structure, mission, activities and achieved results. The creation of IP Academies happens in a context in which intellectual property and innovation are recognized as key elements for economic competitiveness. The present paper should offer relevant information to support, among other things: the strengthening of technical cooperation among the referred Academies; a better access to existing specialized publications; and the establishment of future training programs and research initiatives in the field of intellectual property.

  17. Entre a academia e o activismo: Sociologia, estudos queer e movimento LGBT em Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Cristina Santos

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Este ensaio centra-se no carácter diverso e complementar da relação entre academia e movimentos sociais, moldando um constructo analítico-social cujas implicações para os estudos queer continuam em grande medida por teorizar. Tal teorização, creio, poderá conduzir a uma nova aplicação da investigação-acção, desta feita centrada nos hífenes que nos permitem articular, em dialéctica, saberes construídos nos quotidianos da academia e do activismo LGBT. Com efeito, ciência e militância, quando cooperantes horizontais – resistindo à tentação de paternalismo, futurismo ou canibalização, por parte da academia, ou de acomodação, aburguesamento ou cedência, por parte dos movimentos sociais –, podem constituir pedras fundamentais nesse constructo ancorado em reconhecimentos recíprocos e capacitantes, em que nenhuma forma de saber se constitui como única ou dominante e da qual resulte, enfim, um novo campo de saber que designo por estudos queer públicos.

  18. The herbal composition GGEx18 from Laminaria japonica, Rheum palmatum, and Ephedra sinica inhibits visceral obesity and insulin resistance by upregulating visceral adipose genes involved in fatty acid oxidation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oh, Jaeho; Lee, Hyunghee; Lim, Hyesook; Woo, Sangee; Shin, Soon Shik; Yoon, Michung

    2015-02-01

    The herbal composition Gyeongshingangjeehwan 18 (GGEx18) extracted from Rheum palmatum L. (Polygonaceae), Laminaria japonica Aresch (Laminariaceae), and Ephedra sinica Stapf (Ephedraceae) is traditionally used as an anti-obesity drug by local clinics in Korea. This study investigates the effects of GGEx18 on visceral obesity and insulin resistance and determines the molecular mechanisms involved in this process. After C57BL/6J mice were fed a high-fat diet supplemented with GGEx18 (125, 250, and 500 mg/kg) for 8 weeks and 3T3-L1 adipocytes were treated with GGEx18 (0.1, 1, and 10 μg/ml); variables and determinants of visceral obesity and insulin resistance were measured using in vivo and in vitro approaches. Administration of GGEx18 to obese mice decreased visceral adipose tissue weight with an ED50 value of 232 mg/kg. 3T3-L1 adipocytes treated with GGEx18 showed a reduction in lipid accumulation with an ED50 value of 0.7 µg/ml. GGEx18 significantly increased the expression of fatty acid oxidation genes, including adiponectin, AMPKs, PPARα and its target enzymes, and CPT-1, in both mesenteric adipose tissues and 3T3-L1 cells. However, GGEx18 treatment decreased the mRNA levels of adipocyte marker genes such as PPARγ, aP2, TNFα, and leptin. GGEx18 normalized hyperglycemia and hyperinsulinemia in obese mice. Blood glucose levels of GGEx18-treated mice were significantly reduced during oral glucose tolerance tests compared with obese controls. These results suggest that GGEx18 may treat visceral obesity and visceral obesity-related insulin resistance by upregulating the visceral adipose expression of fatty acid oxidative genes.

  19. The Significance and Impact of Innovation Networks of Academia and Business with a Special Emphasis on Work-Based Learning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hogeforster Max A.

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The Europe 2020 Strategy puts the quality and relevance of education and training systems at the heart of EU’s efforts to improve innovation and competitiveness and to achieve intelligent, sustainable and inclusive growth. The development of partnerships between vocational schools or higher-education institutions and the business sector must be considered as a critical factor in identifying learning requirements, improving the relevance of education and facilitating access to education and learning. The growing lack of skills is one of the major challenges for companies that rely on more highly qualified personnel. To increase the cooperation between academia and the business world means to integrate small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs, since 99.2 per cent of European businesses are SMEs. They are the blood cells of the European economy and are essential for growth, yet a very heterogeneous group that can only be integrated in cooperation networks by intermediate organisations which tackle the needs of this diverse group of businesses. Such a partnership of 17 universities and polytechnics, including the University of Latvia, was founded in 2010 and is shortly introduced as a best practice example.To stay competitive in the globalised world, companies need to be innovative and that requires cooperation with knowledge institutions. A survey conducted in 2013 revealed that one of the major obstacles for SMEs to improve their innovation capabilities is their inability to find qualified personnel. This corresponds to the huge challenges the labour markets face in Europe. Almost all countries report a growing lack of skilled workforce while at the same time youth unemployment is increasing. This gap between the current qualifications and the qualifications demanded by businesses sector can be overcome by a closer cooperation between enterprises and education facilities, on a national but also international level between Western and Eastern

  20. Stressing academia?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Opstrup, Niels; Pihl-Thingvad, Signe

    Incongruences between the individual and the organizational work context are potential stressors. The present study focuses on the relationship between a complementary need-supply fit and Danish researchers’ self-perceived job stress. Strain is expected to increase as organizational supplies fall...... hand, the fit on “hard” dimensions as salary, financial rewards and career opportunities is found to be unrelated to the researchers’ self-perceived stress-level. The fit with regard to job security is an important exception, however....

  1. 'Academia live'

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Signe Pildal

    ’Akademia live’ – paradigma2 Dette oplæg lægger op til en diskussion om, hvad der sker i universitetsundervisningen, når to undervisere underviser sammen. Hvilken form for pædagogisk imitatio-strategi er det? Og hvilken/hvilke paradigma(ta) fungerer underviserne da som? I universitetsundervisningen...... fungerer som fælles mødested i undervisningen og som paradigma at imitere....

  2. Stressing academia?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Opstrup, Niels; Pihl-Thingvad, Signe

    Incongruences between the individual and the organizational work context are potential stressors. The present study focuses on the relationship between a complementary need-supply fit and Danish researchers’ self-perceived job stress. Strain is expected to increase as organizational supplies fall...... to “soft” dimensions as freedom and independence in the job, personal and professional development at work, and receiving peer recognition is highly significant for the researchers’ self-perceived stress-level. The better the fit is the lower stress-levels the researchers’ on average report. On the other...... hand, the fit on “hard” dimensions as salary, financial rewards and career opportunities is found to be unrelated to the researchers’ self-perceived stress-level. The fit with regard to job security is an important exception, however....

  3. A Win-Win-Win Proposition -- Academia and Industry Working Together for Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cogswell, J.

    2011-12-01

    Both Academia and Industry have a vested interest in building a pipeline of students who are attracted to geoscience as a discipline; who invest in a solid academic geoscience foundation and who move on to fulfilling professional careers. Global society needs geoscientists to find the energy that drives our economic well-being, responsibly and safely; and to solve today's complex environmental concerns. The US Oil and Gas Industry directly employed around 17,300 geologists in 2008(1). As with the rest of the geoscience community, our industry is dealing with a bi-modal age distribution in our workforce, with many eligible to retire in the next five years. Academia and Industry have an urgent, collective, challenge to attract the best and brightest students to study geoscience and to bring promising graduates onboard and up to speed as quickly as possible ExxonMobil accomplishes this rapid acclimation to our industry by focusing on high quality on-boarding, mentoring, and training, as well as diversity in early career assignments. We have implemented a one week on-boarding workshop for our new hires that provides them with comprehensive industry as well as Corporate cultural and infrastructure information. We ensure that our new hires have dedicated mentors who are passionate about petroleum geology, passionate about the petroleum business, and passionate about teaching the next generation of "oil finders." Our new hires attend several "flagship" schools in their first 5 years, which are designed to provide the technical expertise needed in today's petroleum business. Finally, our global operations allow us to provide a rich diversity of early assignments, which enables our early career geoscientists to develop an appreciation of the breadth of our business. There is no sub-discipline of geoscience that is more or less successful transitioning into our business from Academia. The key, which we rely on Academia to provide, is a strong grounding in the fundamentals of

  4. Awareness and Attitude of Physicians in Academia towards Human Stem Cell Research (HSCR) and Related Policies in Rajasthan, India

    OpenAIRE

    Nitin K Joshi; Latika Nath; Vibha Joshi; Anil Purohit

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: In India, several science agencies are promoting Stem Cell Research (SCR). There is paucity of studies which document the perception of doctors about SCR, especially physicians in academia. This study was carried out to assess perception of physicians in academia towards Human Stem Cell Research (HSCR) and related policies in India. Methods: We interviewed 200 doctors from three different government medical colleges of Rajasthan. A semi-structured questionnaire was used to disce...

  5. Institutional advantage

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Martin, Xavier

    Is there such a thing as institutional advantage—and what does it mean for the study of corporate competitive advantage? In this article, I develop the concept of institutional competitive advantage, as distinct from plain competitive advantage and from comparative institutional advantage. I first

  6. Evolutionary institutionalism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fürstenberg, Dr Kai

    Institutions are hard to define and hard to study. Long prominent in political science have been two theories: Rational Choice Institutionalism (RCI) and Historical Institutionalism (HI). Arising from the life sciences is now a third: Evolutionary Institutionalism (EI). Comparative strengths and weaknesses of these three theories warrant review, and the value-to-be-added by expanding the third beyond Darwinian evolutionary theory deserves consideration. Should evolutionary institutionalism expand to accommodate new understanding in ecology, such as might apply to the emergence of stability, and in genetics, such as might apply to political behavior? Core arguments are reviewed for each theory with more detailed exposition of the third, EI. Particular attention is paid to EI's gene-institution analogy; to variation, selection, and retention of institutional traits; to endogeneity and exogeneity; to agency and structure; and to ecosystem effects, institutional stability, and empirical limitations in behavioral genetics. RCI, HI, and EI are distinct but complementary. Institutional change, while amenable to rational-choice analysis and, retrospectively, to criticaljuncture and path-dependency analysis, is also, and importantly, ecological. Stability, like change, is an emergent property of institutions, which tend to stabilize after change in a manner analogous to allopatric speciation. EI is more than metaphorically biological in that institutional behaviors are driven by human behaviors whose evolution long preceded the appearance of institutions themselves.

  7. El Instituto de Academias de Andalucía: génesis y regulación legal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roca Roca, Eduardo

    1999-05-01

    Full Text Available Not available.En Andalucía ha existido una antigua tradición académica paralela con la génesis y evolución de las Academias Centrales de Madrid, siendo creadas a lo largo de los siglos XVIII y XIX, y que recogen los movimientos culturales andaluces, a través de diversas Academias de diversa extensión territorial. Tras la Constitución de 1978, se aprueba el Estatuto de Autonomía de Andalucía, asumiendo esta Comunidad en el art. 13 de su Estatuto, competencia exclusiva en materia de Academias con sede central en Andalucía. La necesidad de actuación coordinada de tales Academias dio lugar a la creación del Instituto de las Reales Academias de Andalucía por Ley 7/1985 de 6 de diciembre, el cual como corporación de derecho público integra a las Academias de Andalucía, las coordina entre sí y con la Junta de Andalucía, a la vez, crea y refuerza vínculos con el Instituto de España, y otras instituciones administrativas y culturales españolas y extranjeras.

  8. Institutional entrepreneurship:

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gretzinger, Susanne

    2018-01-01

    of agents or organisations in the policy arena. The present chapter understands institutional entrepreneurship as the process of changing institutionalised practices. Based on a literature review, it describes the triggers, activities and potential effects of institutional entrepreneurs. The chapter......Institutional entrepreneurship pays specific attention to the process and outcomes of agents who are willing and capable of changing institutions. It has some common ground with the political entrepreneur, a concept that proposes change in norms and institutions because of commitment and activities...... concludes by tentatively arguing that political entrepreneurs can be institutional entrepreneurs, but institutional entrepreneurship can be considered as the broader concept that incorporates strategies and visions as well as interpretative-discursive power into the conceptual framework....

  9. Information Technology Diffusion in Academic Teaching: An Institutional Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naveh, Gali; Tubin, Dorit; Pliskin, Nava

    Even though diffusion of information and communication technology (ICT) in academic teaching has been fast, the expected benefits in pedagogy and structure have yet to materialize. Rogers' diffusion theory, which focuses on adoption and rejection of innovation, can explain the proliferation of ICT usage in academia, but the lack of ICT-based pedagogical and structural changes are beyond the scope of diffusion theory. The objective of this paper is to broaden the theoretical base for explaining the state of ICT in academia via the alternative conceptual lens of institutional theory, which focuses on the relationship between the organization and its environment. With the institutional theory perspective in mind, we suggest that further pedagogical and structural changes in academic courses should not be expected as a result of ICT implementation in academic teaching.

  10. Discurso, Palabras del señor Presidente de la Academia Nacional de Medicina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilberto Rueda Pérez

    1998-12-01

    Full Text Available

    Señora Ministra de Salud Doctora María Teresa Forero de Saade, Señor Doctor Jaime Posada Díaz, Presidente del Colegio Máximo de las Academias – Director de la Academia Colombiana de la Lengua, Señor Doctor Roberto de Zubiría Vicepresidente de la Academia Nacional de Medicina, Señor Doctor Hernando Groot Liévano Secretario Perpetuo de la Academia, Señor Doctor Zoilo Cuéllar-Montoya Secretario General de la Academia, Señor Doctor Gonzalo López Escobar Tesorero de la Academia, Señor Doctor José Félix Patiño Presidente Electo de la Academia Nacional de Medicina, Señores Miembros de la Junta Directiva entrante Señores Miembros de la familia del Doctor Patiño Restrepo, Señores Académicos Señoras y Señores invitados.

    Hace cerca de cuatro años recibí de ustedes Señores Académicos el mandato mas trascendental e importante en la vida de un médico: la Presidencia de la Academia Nacional de Medicina, distinción y categoria ésta que por grandiosa, por espléndida y por inmerecida en mi caso, produce en la mente y en la conciencia de quien la recibe poderoso impacto que lo deslumbra y que lo ubica en su pequeñez, en su humildad en su incapacidad para afrontar tamaño desafío y ponderosa y delicada misión.

    Pero simultáneamente lo estimula y lo impulsa en su poder de superación y su deseo de servir, a acometer la tarea y a fijarse metas que, aunque puedan parecer inalcanzables, tracen el derrotero que con teson y con firmeza y con decisión haya de recorrer, para alcanzarlas o al menos aproximarse a ellas.

    Tiene consigo la fuerza impulsora y estimulante de la confianza depositada en el por sus pares al escogerlo. Puede apoyarse cual en bastón sólido y equilibrante, en el discernimiento, en la solidez y en la experiencia acumulada en la Academia a través de los años y en la colaboración y sabio consejo de quienes han de acompañarlo en la Junta Directiva durante su período estatutario.

    Y al

  11. La Academia como recurso articulador: sonetos y villancicos para dos fiestas granadinas (1661 y 1664

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Osuna, Inmaculada

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The first transcriptions of occasional academies printed in Granada were published between 1661 and 1664. The concept «academy» also appeared in two contemporary booklets related to feast days; their purpose was likely to reinforce the cohesion of some of the poems composed for each celebration. The first one describes the ornamentation of Bib-Rambla during the 1661 Corpus Christi Feast; at that occasion, several authors were invited to write poems explaining the Biblical and Eucharistic figures represented in nine canvases. The second one contains villancicos to be sung at the Cathedral of Granada on the 1664 Christmas Eve. The article analyzes the different ways in which the structure and habits of literary academies were transposed to these unusual contexts. It also features an edition of both booklets.Las primeras academias de ocasión impresas en Granada se publicaron entre 1661 y 1664. Por esos años, el concepto de academia aparece en dos pliegos relativos a fiestas granadinas para reforzar la cohesión de poemas escritos para las celebraciones. El primero describe el ornato de la plaza de Bib-Rambla para las fiestas del Corpus de 1661, ocasión en que varios autores fueron invitados a componer poemas sobre los motivos bíblicos y eucarísticos exhibidos en nueve lienzos. El segundo es un pliego de villancicos de Navidad, de 1664, para la Catedral. El artículo analiza los modos en que se transpone a tan inusuales contextos la estructura y hábitos de las academias literarias, e incluye edición de ambos pliegos.

  12. ACADEMIA DE FÍSICA EN MÉXICO VERSUS INVESTIGACIÓN MUNDIAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cuauhtemoc Campuzano

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo es una revisión de la conformación de la Academia de Física en México, tomando una pequeñamuestra de lo que es el establecimiento de algunas de las más importantes. Definitivamente es una muestrarepresentativa de la dirección actual de la investigación en física. Además, se presentan argumentos de la crisisen que la investigación en México está ocurriendo, signo reflejo de la crisis mundial en este momento.

  13. Órgano Informativo de la Academia Nacional de Medicina de Colombia.

    OpenAIRE

    Guillermo Sánchez Medina; Adolfo de Francisco Zea; Carlos Gómez Restrepo; Hugo A. Sotomayor Tribín; Luis Carlos Restrepo Ramirez

    2005-01-01

    Como Coordinador del Primer Foro de Paz y Salud Mental en Colombia me dirijo a ustedes en primer término para agradecerles su presencia y participación que con sus altos y grandes conocimientos y experiencia pueden aportar a este compromiso con las necesidades que tiene el país para implementar políticas de salud e higiene mental. Somos conscientes de que el Estado ha solicitado nuestra ayuda, y es deber de la Academia acudir a prestarla llamando a todos ustedes, asesores del conocimiento cie...

  14. Entre a academia e a rua: Victor Vincent Valla (1937-2009)

    OpenAIRE

    Eduardo Stotz

    2009-01-01

    Trata-se de uma publicação póstuma que pontua os principais momentos da trajetória do professor e pesquisador Victor Vincent Valla. Ao resgatar projetos e experiências que marcaram essa trajetória, ressalta-se o elo vital que Valla construiu entre a academia e a rua e a sua contribuição e envolvimento com os movimentos populares no Brasil, em particular por meio da Educação e Saúde, campo interdisciplinar no qual se manteve até o final da vida, como professor e pesquisador do Programa de Pós-...

  15. How can ergonomic practitioners learn to practice a macro-ergonomic framework developed in academia?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Broberg, Ole; Seim, Rikke; Andersen, Vibeke

    2009-01-01

    How can a macro-ergonomic framework developed in academia be “transferred” to ergonomic practitioners and become a new work practice? The purpose of this paper is to reflect upon experiences from an interactive research program in which this transferral was tested by two consecutive approaches......” with the researchers and other practitioners; 3) paying attention to the organizational settings of the ergonomic practitioner to make sure that a new work practice is implemented in the organization and not only by a single practitioner....

  16. O percurso do intelectual: da esfera pública à academia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gizelle Kaminski Corso

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Neste texto abordo questões acerca da figura do intelectual e da sua trajetória da esfera pública à academia. Procuro, também, ensaiar uma imagem de sua situação hoje, como se dá sua intervenção e de que forma age e reage em comparação ao mito fundador do intelectual moderno, representado pelo autor Émile Zola. Para elaborar tal percurso, percorro conceituações de Antonio Gramsci, Stephane Mallarmé, Jean-François Lyotard, Eric Hoffer, Eduardo Portella e Alfonso Sastre.

  17. Latina Faculty in the Labyrinth: Constructing and Contesting Legitimacy in Hispanic Serving Institutions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonzales, Leslie D.; Murakami, Elizabeth; Nunez, Anne-Marie

    2013-01-01

    This article focuses on the presence and experiences of Latina academics in the U.S., especially those who serve in Hispanic Serving Institutions (HSIs). Following the theme of this special issue related to Women of Color Faculty's "Testimonios" and "Laberintos," the authors add to the notion of academia as a labyrinth…

  18. Patient Engagement Practices in Clinical Research among Patient Groups, Industry, and Academia in the United States: A Survey.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sophia K Smith

    Full Text Available Patient-centered clinical trial design and execution is becoming increasingly important. No best practice guidelines exist despite a key stakeholder declaration to create more effective engagement models. This study aims to gain a better understanding of attitudes and practices for engaging patient groups so that actionable recommendations may be developed.Individuals from industry, academic institutions, and patient groups were identified through Clinical Trials Transformation Initiative and Drug Information Association rosters and mailing lists. Objectives, practices, and perceived barriers related to engaging patient groups in the planning, conduct, and interpretation of clinical trials were reported in an online survey. Descriptive and inferential statistical analysis of survey data followed a literature review to inform survey questions.Survey respondents (n = 179 valued the importance of involving patient groups in research; however, patient group respondents valued their contributions to research protocol development, funding acquisition, and interpretation of study results more highly than those contributions were valued by industry and academic respondents (all p < .001. Patient group respondents placed higher value in open communications, clear expectations, and detailed contract execution than did non-patient group respondents (all p < .05. Industry and academic respondents more often cited internal bureaucratic processes and reluctance to share information as engagement barriers than did patient group respondents (all p < .01. Patient groups reported that a lack of transparency and understanding of the benefits of collaboration on the part of industry and academia were greater barriers than did non-patient group respondents (all p< .01.Despite reported similarities among approaches to engagement by the three stakeholder groups, key differences exist in perceived barriers and benefits to partnering with patient groups among the

  19. Institutional Economics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samuels, Warren J.

    1984-01-01

    Institutional economics remains a viable alternative approach to economics. It stresses power, technology, and a holistic and evolutionary approach while critiquing the neoclassical approach. General features of institutional economics are examined, and the work of institutionalists in specific areas is discussed. (RM)

  20. Colonial Institutions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    McAtackney, Laura; Palmer, Russell

    2016-01-01

    Archaeologically based explorations of colonialism or institutions are common case-studies in global historical archaeology, but the “colonial institution”—the role of institutions as operatives of colonialism—has often been neglected. In this thematic edition we argue that in order to fully...... understand the interconnected, global world one must explicitly dissect the colonial institution as an entwined, dual manifestation that is central to understanding both power and power relations in the modern world. Following Ann Laura Stoler, we have selected case studies from the Australia, Europe, UK...... and the USA which reveal that the study of colonial institutions should not be limited to the functional life of these institutions—or solely those that take the form of monumental architecture—but should include the long shadow of “imperial debris” (Stoler 2008) and immaterial institutions....

  1. Lifestyle in hypertensive subjects attending the “Academia da Cidade” program, Recife, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabella Martins Barbosa da Silva Paes

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To identify the lifestyle of hypertensive patients attending the “Academia da Cidade” program of the VI Sanitary District, in Recife-PE, Brazil, with regard to behaviors that can influence the control of risk factors for complications of hypertension. Methods: A descriptive, observational and cross-sectional study. The study population included all that attended the four sites of the program “Academia da Cidade” which claimed to be suffering from high blood pressure and agreed to join in the survey (n=78. Structured questionnaires were applied containing questions about social, economic and demographic factors, but alsorelated to lifestyle. Results: Although existing a regularity in the participation and duration period of physical activity, the number of hypertensive patients who were overweight was high (n = 51, 65.4%. In relation to other behaviors, we highlight those related to eatinghabits, where 30 (39.2% of interviewees were not able to identify some of these habits. Those who identified said they consumed in excess, especially fatty foods (31.3%, fried (25.0% and meat (16.7%. Conclusion: These findings reinforce the need to develop and expand educational measures to influence behavior change of the population in relation to lifestyle.

  2. El diccionario geográfico de la Real academia de la Historia: una obra frustrada de la ilustración española

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arroyo Ilera, Fernando

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available The Royal Academy of History published a Dictionary of Geography which was considered to be a work representative of the concern of a group of Enlightened scholars about the knowledge of their own country. Only three volumes were finished: the first two in 1802 and a third one in 1845. In this paper, the author analyses how the idea was born, the difficulties to carry it out and why the idea failed. The creation of the dictionary is related to three circumstances: the history of the Academy, the influence of the «Encyclopedia» and the meaning and importance given to geographical kowledge.

    [es] El Diccionario Geográfico de la Real Academia de la Historia, del que sólo llegaron a publicarse dos tomos en 1802, y un tercero en 1845, constituyó una obra muy representativa de espíritu y preocupación del grupo de ilustrados agrupados en torno a dicha Academia, por el estudio y conocimiento de su país. Se analizan, en este caso, los orígenes de la idea, las dificultades para llevarla a la práctica y las circunstancias del fracaso final de la misma, relacionando todo el proceso con tres referentes esenciales: la historia de la propia academia, la influencia de las concepciones enciclopédicas de la época y el sentido y trascendencia que se daba a los saberes geográficos. [fr] Le Dictionnaire Géographique de L'Académie Royale de l'Histoire, dont ne furent publiés que deux volumes en 1802 et un troisième en 1845, constitua une œuvre très représentative de l'esprit et du souci du groupe d'Éclairés réunis autour de cette institution, envers l'étude et la connaissance de leur pays. Dans cette œuvre, on analyse les origines de ce projet, les difficultés pour le mener à bien et les circonstances de son échec final, rattachant tout le processus à trois faits essentiels: F histoire de l'Académie elle-même, l´influence des conceptions encyclopédiques de l'époque et le sens et l'importance que l'on donnait aux

  3. Discurso pronunciado por el Dr. Efraim Otero Ruiz, Presidente de la Academia Nacional de Medicina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Efraim Otero Ruiz

    1991-03-01

    Full Text Available

    Durante la celebración del Centenario de la Ley Organica de la Academia, Bogota, Noviembre 22 de 1990.

    Senores académicos, señoras, señores:

    Nuevamente nos reunimos aquí, en este noble recinto de la Academia Colombiana de la Lengua, esta vez para conmemorar, en fecha y hora casi exactas, los cien años de la promulgación de la ley organica que tiene existencia legal a nuestra Academia. Y digo existencia legal, porque ella ya existía en el espiritu y en las realizaciones de ese puñado de medicos bogotanos de finales del siglo XIX que, encabezados y guiados por Manuel Plata Azuero, Leoncio Barreto, Nicolas Osorio y Abraham Aparicio, entre otros, se habían congregado 18 años atras para fundar la Sociedad de Medicina y Ciencias Naturales que ahora, por decisión soberana del Congreso de la Republica,se tornaba en Academia Nacional de Medicina, el 22 de Noviembre de 1890.

    Es una fecha memorable, que nos obliga a mirar retrospectiva y prospectivamente y a preguntarnos que somos y que representamos nosotros, académicos, en el contexto de un siglo de existencia. Porque no podemos contentamos solamente con vivir de las glorias del pasado y decir que nos adueñamos, apenas, de un legado que otras generaciones, quizas mas objetivas y mas ambiciosas, construyeron pedazo a pedazo para nosotros. No. Este es un momenta que nos impele a un examen de conciencia y, sobre todo, a reflexionar sobre el papel que nuestra clase médica directiva viene ejerciendo y tendra que ejercer, ineluctablemente, en los destinos de la salud de Colombia.

    ¿Por que razón? Porque vivimos espocialmente un momento de cambio. Cambio que seguramente experimentaron y sintieron tambien los fundadores de nuestra Academia cuando, en las postrimerías del siglo XIX, se dieron cuenta de que, mientras en el mundo operaba a toda marcha la revolución industrial y se vislumbraba en el horizonte la caída de los imperios y de las

  4. Institutional actorhood

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Christian Uhrenholdt

    In this paper I describe the changing role of intra-organizational experts in the face of institutional complexity of their field. I do this through a qualitative investigation of the institutional and organizational roles of actors in Danish organizations who are responsible for the efforts to c...... to comply with the Danish work environment regulation. And by doing so I also describe how institutional complexity and organizational responses to this complexity are particular important for the changing modes of governance that characterizes contemporary welfare states....

  5. Institutional Controls

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This dataset consists of institutional control data from multiple Superfund sites in U.S. EPA Region 8. These data were acquired from multiple sources at different...

  6. Institutional upbringing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gulløv, Eva

    2008-01-01

    current testing of Danish language fluency levels among pre-school minority children. Testing language skills marks and defines distinctions that reinforce images of deviance that, in turn, legitimize initiatives to enrol children, specifically minority children, in child care institutions....

  7. Palabras para tomar posesión de la Presidencia de la Academia Nacional de Medicina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Jacobo Muñoz

    1992-09-01

    Full Text Available

    Debo confesar que nunca pensé alcanzar el altísimo honor de la Presidencia de la Academia Nacional de Medicina. Estaba por encima de mis capacidades y solo la generosa disposición de ustedes pudo concederme esta distinción, ajena a mis deseos.

    Por ello, debo dar mis rendidas gracias, manifestar el inmenso reconocimiento que me embarga y considerar que se me han impuesto obligaciones y deberes permanentes de servicio y de gratitud con la Academia y con Colombia.

    Esta Institución y nuestra Patria tienen compromisos mutuos incancelables. Fue creada en 1890 por la Ley 71 y nació con los más nobles objetivos. En su creación se buscaba impulsar el progreso de la salud, para que esta Institución sea “una activa interventora en la presentación y discusión de los problemas públicos en los campos de la salud y de la educación médica y sea su obligación legal cooperar en la pronta y adecuada solución de ellos “.

    Los miembros de la Academia, bien escogidos entre lo mejor de Colombia, de la mayor altura intelectual y moral, serán siempre la guía de la salud de la República.

    Dentro de este ámbito, creado por las altísimas virtudes patrióticas de los fundadores, la Academia tiene que ser el órgano estimulante de las labores sanitarias, tiene que dar su opinión libre y justa en ellas, tiene que orientar las políticas de salud y educación médica, sin ninguna motivación distinta a los dictados de su propia conciencia en relación con el pueblo
    y con la Patria.

    Llegamos al fin de este siglo dentro de una severa confusión moral y en un pavoroso caos institucional. Trataremos de analizar someramente la parte que nos compete en la profesión médica.

    En primer lugar, venimos de aprobar una Constitución cuyas luces de Ley fundamental, nos iluminarán por muchos años. Las autorizadas opiniones de la Academia, que por diversos caminos llegaron a la Constituyente, no fueron tenidas en cuenta

  8. Informe sobre bartonellosis: Presentado a la Academia Nacional de Medicina, el 23 de mayo de 1939

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Franco F.

    1939-05-01

    Full Text Available La Comision nombrada hace poco más de un mes para estudiar el trabajo preliminar del Académico doctor Patiño Camargo, sobre Bartonellosis en Colombia, aspira con el presente informe, no solo a cumplir Ia determinación del Presidente de la Academia Nacional de Medicina, sino a satisfacer el plausible deseo del autor -claramente expresado- de someter a discusión el estudio en referencia. Convencidos estamos de que encuadra en el espíritu de esta Corporación, la discusión serena de tópicos científicos, que, puestos en manos de profanos o en ambiente público le restarían interés  les darían sello de personalismo, opuesto en un todo a la finalidad de investigación en Medicina.

  9. Achieving professional success in US government, academia, and industry: an EMGS commentary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poirier, Miriam C; Schwartz, Jeffrey L; Aardema, Marilyn J

    2014-08-01

    One of the goals of the EMGS is to help members achieve professional success in the fields they have trained in. Today, there is greater competition for jobs in genetic toxicology, genomics, and basic research than ever before. In addition, job security and the ability to advance in one's career is challenging, regardless of whether one works in a regulatory, academic, or industry environment. At the EMGS Annual Meeting in Monterey, CA (September, 2013), the Women in EMGS Special Interest Group held a workshop to discuss strategies for achieving professional success. Presentations were given by three speakers, each representing a different employment environment: Government (Miriam C. Poirier), Academia (Jeffrey L. Schwartz), and Industry (Marilyn J. Aardema). Although some differences in factors or traits affecting success in the three employment sectors were noted by each of the speakers, common factors considered important for advancement included networking, seeking out mentors, and developing exceptional communication skills. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  10. EXAME PRÉ-PARTICIPAÇÃO ESPORTIVA E O PAR-Q, EM PRATICANTES DE ACADEMIAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ingryd Maturo Andreazzi

    Full Text Available RESUMO Introdução: O Brasil tem o maior número de academias do mundo (cerca de 20 mil e aproximadamente de 3,6 milhões de brasileiros praticam atividade física nesses locais. Torna-se necessária uma padronização da triagem de praticantes de academia a fim de reduzir ao máximo o risco de morte súbita e outras morbidades associadas ao exercício físico. Objetivo: Comparar o Questionário de Prontidão para Atividade Física (Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire, PAR-Q com o exame físico pré-participação esportiva na detecção de risco à saúde em praticantes de academia. Métodos: Estudo transversal, realizado nas cidades de São Bernardo do Campo e Guarulhos, São Paulo, Brasil. Foram avaliados 50 indivíduos, de ambos os sexos, entre 18 e 35 anos que iniciariam atividades físicas. Realizou-se anamnese, exame físico geral e ortopédico, teste de flexibilidade e o PAR-Q. As variáveis quantitativas foram analisadas pela média, desvio padrão e porcentagens. A comparação das variáveis contínuas com distribuição normal foi feita pelo teste t e a comparação das variáveis qualitativas, pelo teste do qui-quadrado ou teste exato de Fisher. Fixou-se em 5% a hipótese de nulidade. Resultados: O PAR-Q foi positivo em 20% dos entrevistados, assemelhando-se aos dados da anamnese, em que 28% relataram alguma doença. O questionário teve associação positiva em indivíduos que faziam uso de medicação (p = 0,001, história familiar de hipertensão arterial sistêmica (p = 0,001 e antecedentes de cirurgia (p = 0,03. Os participantes com PAR-Q positivo tiveram os maiores valores de índice de massa corpórea, pressão arterial sistólica e diastólica, mas a diferença não foi estatisticamente significante. O PAR-Q não foi capaz detectar morbidades clínicas como: asma (8%, dislipidemia (4%, hipotireoidismo (2%, tabagismo (8% e cirurgias prévias (40%. O exame abdominal e cardiopulmonar estava alterado em quatro

  11. Interaction enablers, drivers and barriers of collaborative innovation projects between small firms and academia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Filip, Diane; Hansen, Bettina Dencker; Frølunde, Thea Thorsgaard

    2016-01-01

    Collaborative innovation projects are boundary-crossing activities in which knowledge bases from practice and academia are combined for innovations in small firms. In this study, small firms gain access to academic knowledge resources through a structured and formalized regional program. From...... a process-perspective, we explore five case studies and identify elements of collaborative innovation projects between small firms, academic researchers, and independent third parties in a Danish regional program. The elements are categorized into interaction enablers, collaboration characteristics, main...... drivers, and main barriers. Our three major findings relate to the phases of a structured program, elements of collaborative innovation projects, and the facilitation of interaction at two levels, i.e. meta-level and micro-level, by two types of brokers. The operator of the regional program facilitates...

  12. 15th International Conference on Global Research and Education Inter-Academia 2016

    CERN Document Server

    Szewczyk, Roman

    2017-01-01

    Developments in the connected fields of solid state physics, bioengineering, mechatronics and nanometrology have had a profound effect on the emergence of modern technologies and their influence on our lives. In all of these fields, understanding and improving the basic underlying materials is of crucial importance for the development of systems and applications. The International Conference Inter-Academia 2016 has successfully married these fields and become a regular feature in the conference calendar. It consisted of seven thematic areas in the field of material science, nanotechnology, biotechnology, plasma physics, metrology, robotics, sensors and devices. The book Recent Global Research and Education: Technological Challenges is intended for use in academic, government and industry R&D departments, as an indispensable reference tool for the years to come. Also, we hope that the volume can serve the world community as the definitive reference source in Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing. T...

  13. Training Multidisciplinary Scholars in Science Policy for Careers in Academia, Private Sector, and Public Service

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kenney, M. A.

    2015-12-01

    Regardless of a graduate student's ultimate career ambitions, it is becoming increasingly important to either develop skills to successfully transition into non-academic careers or to be able to understand the societal benefits of basic and applied research programs. In this talk I will provide my prospective -- from working in academia, the Federal government, and as an independent consultant -- about the training that we need for graduate students to navigate the jungle gym of career opportunities available (or not available) after they graduate. In particular, I will speak to the need for science policy training, in which scientific and coordination skills are put to use to help support societal decisions. I will assert that, to effectively train graduate students, it is necessary to provide experiences in multidisciplinary, policy-relevant scholarship to build marketable skills critical for a student's professional development.

  14. La Academia de Medicina de Medellín, Acuerdo de Honores No. 03 de 2008.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Academia de Medicina de Medellín

    2008-03-01

    4º. Que fue: Profesora Asociada de Psiquiatría de la Facultad de Medicina de la U. de A., qué inició la consulta para niños con trastornos mentales en el Hospital Infantil Arzobispo Caicedo – Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paul; Coordinadora del Comité de Rehabilitación Infantil de los Paterners of the Américas Antioquia – Massachussets; Miembro Fundador de la Sociedad Colombiana de Neuropsiquiatría; Miembro Fundador de la Sociedad Colombiana de Psiquiatría; Directora de la Revista Antioquia Médica; Secretaria General, Vicepresidenta y Presidenta de la Academia de Medicina de Medellín; Magistrada del Tribunal de Etica Médica de Antioquia, entre otros cargos de gran responsabilidad.

  15. Digital innovation through partnership between nature conservation organisations and academia: a qualitative impact assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galán-Díaz, Carlos; Edwards, Peter; Nelson, John D; van der Wal, René

    2015-11-01

    Nature conservation organisations increasingly turn to new digital technologies to help deliver conservation objectives. This has led to collaborative forms of working with academia to spearhead digital innovation. Through in-depth interviews with three UK research-council-funded case studies, we show that by working with academics conservation organisations can receive positive and negative impacts, some of which cut across their operations. Positive impacts include new ways of engaging with audiences, improved data workflows, financial benefits, capacity building and the necessary digital infrastructure to help them influence policy. Negative impacts include the time and resources required to learn new skills and sustain new technologies, managing different organisational objectives and shifts in working practices as a result of the new technologies. Most importantly, collaboration with academics was shown to bring the opportunity of a profound change in perspectives on technologies with benefits to the partner organisations and individuals therein.

  16. AFSPC Innovation and Science and Technology Outreach to Industry and Academia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanchez, Merri J.; Dills, Anthony N.; Chandler, Faith

    2016-01-01

    The U.S. Air Force is taking a strategic approach to ensuring that we are at the cutting edge of science and technology. This includes fostering game-changing approaches and technologies that are balanced with operational needs. The security of the Nation requires a constant pursuit of science, technical agility, and a rapid adoption of innovation. This includes pursuits of game-changing technologies and domains that perhaps we cannot even imagine today. This paper highlights the Air Force Space Command (AFSPC) collaboration and outreach to other government agencies, military and national laboratories, industry, and academia on long term science and technology challenges. In particular we discuss the development of the AFSPC Long Term Science and Technology Challenges that include both space and cyberspace operations within a multi-domain environment and the subsequent Innovation Summits.

  17. A Poesia de Rocha Pita na Academia Brasílica dos Esquecidos

    OpenAIRE

    Nilton de Paiva Pinto

    2007-01-01

    Entre acontecimentos que marcaram a vida da colônia na América Portuguesa, na primeira metade do século XVIII, destaca-se a fundação da Academia Brasílica dos Esquecidos, instituída na cidada da Bahia , no ano de 1724. O obejtivo principal dessa agremiação consista em organizar as informações acerca da história da colônia em quatro partes: natural, militar, eclesiástica e política. Além desse objetivo, havia também o interesse, por parte do protetor de agremiação, o vice-rei Vasco Fernandes C...

  18. Academia, advocacy, and industry: a collaborative method for clinical research advancement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vanzo, Rena J; Lortz, Amanda; Calhoun, Amy R U L; Carey, John C

    2014-07-01

    Professionals who work in academia, advocacy, and industry often carry out mutually exclusive activities related to research and clinical care. However, there are several examples of collaboration among such professionals that ultimately allows for improved scientific and clinical understanding. This commentary recounts our particular experience (a collaboration between geneticists at the Universities of Minnesota and Utah, the 4p- Support Group, and Lineagen, Inc) and reviews other similar projects. We formally propose this collaborative method as a conduit for future clinical research programs. Specifically, we encourage academicians, directors of family/advocacy/support groups, and members of industry to establish partnerships and document their experiences. The medical community as a whole will benefit from such partnerships and, specifically, families will teach us lessons that could never be learned in a laboratory or textbook. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  19. La academia sensible: experiencias y encuentro de saberes en la universidad venezolana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yudith Caldera

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Actualmente se abre un mundo de posibilidades por los senderos de una crisis epistémica-social, que permea los espacios universitarios y cotidianos. Urge por lo señalado, estudiar lo académico en el contexto universitario venezolano y dentro de ello la investigación, la reflexión crítica de la práctica y la formación profesional. Son estos aspectos que han sufrido derivas y deben ser repensados en un nuevo marco de sensibilidades. Algunos autores relevantes que fundamentan la resemantización de la relación entre universidad y comunidad son: Foucault (1970, Martínez (2000, Téllez (2001, Maffesoli (2004, Larrosa (2003 y Dussel (2001. Por tal motivo, en este ensayo, a partir de la reflexión hermenéutica se aspira resignificar la academia, proponiendo las experiencias y vivencias compartidas para la construcción de saberes comuniversitarios que respondan a los imperativos del clima cultural del presente. Se concluye que la experiencia como vivencia y su narrativa confiere a la academia nuevas metáforas éticas y estéticas de autovaloración y valoración del otro. De allí, la invitación a viajar por las sendas de lo vivido, donde la creatividad permita la metamorfosis y proyección hacia una universidad sensible. Corresponde, pues, proyectar a la universidad como ser pensante, reflexiva, facultada para construir y deconstruir su cultura, productora de saberes, en la medida en que convive en sociedad.

  20. Measuring scientific impact beyond academia: An assessment of existing impact metrics and proposed improvements.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James Ravenscroft

    Full Text Available How does scientific research affect the world around us? Being able to answer this question is of great importance in order to appropriately channel efforts and resources in science. The impact by scientists in academia is currently measured by citation based metrics such as h-index, i-index and citation counts. These academic metrics aim to represent the dissemination of knowledge among scientists rather than the impact of the research on the wider world. In this work we are interested in measuring scientific impact beyond academia, on the economy, society, health and legislation (comprehensive impact. Indeed scientists are asked to demonstrate evidence of such comprehensive impact by authoring case studies in the context of the Research Excellence Framework (REF. We first investigate the extent to which existing citation based metrics can be indicative of comprehensive impact. We have collected all recent REF impact case studies from 2014 and we have linked these to papers in citation networks that we constructed and derived from CiteSeerX, arXiv and PubMed Central using a number of text processing and information retrieval techniques. We have demonstrated that existing citation-based metrics for impact measurement do not correlate well with REF impact results. We also consider metrics of online attention surrounding scientific works, such as those provided by the Altmetric API. We argue that in order to be able to evaluate wider non-academic impact we need to mine information from a much wider set of resources, including social media posts, press releases, news articles and political debates stemming from academic work. We also provide our data as a free and reusable collection for further analysis, including the PubMed citation network and the correspondence between REF case studies, grant applications and the academic literature.

  1. Measuring scientific impact beyond academia: An assessment of existing impact metrics and proposed improvements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ravenscroft, James; Liakata, Maria; Clare, Amanda; Duma, Daniel

    2017-01-01

    How does scientific research affect the world around us? Being able to answer this question is of great importance in order to appropriately channel efforts and resources in science. The impact by scientists in academia is currently measured by citation based metrics such as h-index, i-index and citation counts. These academic metrics aim to represent the dissemination of knowledge among scientists rather than the impact of the research on the wider world. In this work we are interested in measuring scientific impact beyond academia, on the economy, society, health and legislation (comprehensive impact). Indeed scientists are asked to demonstrate evidence of such comprehensive impact by authoring case studies in the context of the Research Excellence Framework (REF). We first investigate the extent to which existing citation based metrics can be indicative of comprehensive impact. We have collected all recent REF impact case studies from 2014 and we have linked these to papers in citation networks that we constructed and derived from CiteSeerX, arXiv and PubMed Central using a number of text processing and information retrieval techniques. We have demonstrated that existing citation-based metrics for impact measurement do not correlate well with REF impact results. We also consider metrics of online attention surrounding scientific works, such as those provided by the Altmetric API. We argue that in order to be able to evaluate wider non-academic impact we need to mine information from a much wider set of resources, including social media posts, press releases, news articles and political debates stemming from academic work. We also provide our data as a free and reusable collection for further analysis, including the PubMed citation network and the correspondence between REF case studies, grant applications and the academic literature.

  2. A review of four decades of research in organisational career psychology by academia in South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dries Schreuder

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Orientation: Career research in organisations has increased in importance since the 1970s, which heralded new directions for organisational career research and practice both globally and nationally. Research purpose: The study critically reviewed trends in organisational career psychology research in South Africa from 1970 to 2011 in terms of global and present national challenges that require empirical investigation in the contemporary South African world of work context.Motivation for the study: The increasingly complex contexts, in which people have been pursuing their careers since the catalytic 1970s, demand the continuous generation and development of knowledge for the benefit of the discipline and practice of careers.Research design, approach and method: A broad systematic review was carried out to analyse documented academia research (N = 110 on careers from 1970 to 2011, which was published in six accredited South African scientific journals.Main findings: Much of the research addressed issues pertaining to career theory and concepts, the world of work and career assessment and technology. Career development, professional issues and organisational career interventions in the multi-cultural South African context appear to be under-researched.Practical/managerial implications: The insight derived from the findings can be employed by academia and researchers, in this field, to plan future research initiatives that will contribute to the profession and practice of career guidance and counselling in the contemporary workplace.Contribution/value-add: The findings provide preliminary insight that adds to the body of knowledge concerned with career studies in the South African organisational context.

  3. A review of four decades of research in organisational career psychology by academia in South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dries Schreuder

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Orientation: Career research in organisations has increased in importance since the 1970s, which heralded new directions for organisational career research and practice both globally and nationally. Research purpose: The study critically reviewed trends in organisational career psychology research in South Africa from 1970 to 2011 in terms of global and present national challenges that require empirical investigation in the contemporary South African world of work context. Motivation for the study: The increasingly complex contexts, in which people have been pursuing their careers since the catalytic 1970s, demand the continuous generation and development of knowledge for the benefit of the discipline and practice of careers. Research design, approach and method: A broad systematic review was carried out to analyse documented academia research (N = 110 on careers from 1970 to 2011, which was published in six accredited South African scientific journals. Main findings: Much of the research addressed issues pertaining to career theory and concepts, the world of work and career assessment and technology. Career development, professional issues and organisational career interventions in the multi-cultural South African context appear to be under-researched. Practical/managerial implications: The insight derived from the findings can be employed by academia and researchers, in this field, to plan future research initiatives that will contribute to the profession and practice of career guidance and counselling in the contemporary workplace. Contribution/value-add: The findings provide preliminary insight that adds to the body of knowledge concerned with career studies in the South African organisational context.

  4. A literatura em transe de Ricardo Piglia e Rubens Figueiredo: o conflito das ideias na Academia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo César Silva de Oliveira

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho tem como tema a questão do empobrecimento do debate intelectual e discute, a partir das leituras literárias de narrativas contemporâneas, em especial as de O caminho de Ida, de Ricardo Piglia (2014, romance  em que o espaço acadêmico é representado como cenário de ideias em conflito, e do conto “A última palavra”, da coletânea Contos de Pedro, de Rubens Figueiredo (2006, as relações entre ética, estética e academia. Com isso, na leitura comparativa dessas obras veremos de que modo será encenada a problematização do escritor, da literatura e do intelectual frente ao mundo da mercadoria, traduzida pelo termo globalização. Com foco na recente reflexão teórica sobre o debate intelectual na academia, investigaremos de que maneiras a ficção de Piglia e Figueiredo, optando pela paródia, pelo uso da ironia e da crítica político-ideológica para ficcionalizar um mundo em que o sujeito histórico se encontra enredado, lança luzes sobre questões contemporâneas, a saber: o conflito entre a tradição e o novo; o sujeito enclausurado no mundo da mobilidade; e as possibilidades éticas em tempos voláteis.

  5. Discurso de Clausura de la Reunión de Academias Iberoamericanas de Medicina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilberto Rueda Pérez

    1997-12-01

    Full Text Available

    Señor Presidente
    Señores Miembros de la Mesa Directiva
    Señores Académicos Iberoamericanos,
    Portugueses y de las Reales
    Academias Españolas de Distrito

    Señoras y Señores:

    El haber sido designado para dirigiros la palabra, distinguidos colegas Académicos, en representación de la Academia Nacional de Medicina de Colombia, constituye para mí inmenso honor, que agradezco en nombre de mi patria y de mis colegas Académicos en esta sesión de clausura del certamen que con éxito culmina hoy en
    Madrid.

    Quiero ante todo expresar en nombre de todos vosotros el agradecimiento a las autoridades que hicieron posible este maravilloso Encuentro, particularmente al:

    • Señor Presidente de la Real Academia Nacional de Medicina de España DI. Hipólito Durán Sacristán.
    • Señor Presidente Honorario D. José Botella Llusiá
    • Señora Ministra de Educación y Cultura
    • Señora Presidente del Instituto de España
    • Señor Presidente de Alanam, D. Rodrigo Fierro Benítez

    Y agradecer muy especialmente el amable y grato gesto de la Realeza Española al enaltecer el certamen con la presencia en el Acto Inaugural de su Alteza la Infanta Da Margarita, en compañía de su esposo el doctor D. Carlos Zurita, Duque de Soria, distinguido colega como su ilustre padre el doctor D. Carlos Zurita González-
    Vidalte, quien ha dedicado su fructífera vida a la lucha frontal contra la TBC en España y en el mundo.

    Asimismo a todas aquellas personas que en una u otra forma, con tanta amabilidad y cortesía nos han tratado durante esta breve pero inolvidable visita a la tierra y nación que nos complacemos en llamar en América como Madre Patria.

    Quisiera referirme al concepto de la Academia, en lo que tiene que ver con la evolución del conocimiento humano a través de

  6. Institutional Awareness

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ahlvik, Carina; Boxenbaum, Eva

    Drawing on dual-process theory and mindfulness research this article sets out to shed light on the conditions that need to be met to create “a reflexive shift in consciousness” argued to be a key foundational mechanism for agency in institutional theory. Although past research has identified diff...... in consciousness to emerge and argue for how the varying levels of mindfulness in the form of internal and external awareness may manifest as distinct responses to the institutional environment the actor is embedded in....

  7. European Institutions?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meacham, Darian

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this article is to sketch a phenomenological theory of political institutions and to apply it to some objections and questions raised by Pierre Manent about the project of the European Union and more specifically the question of “European Construction”, i.e. what is the aim of the

  8. Traición se escribe con “efe”. Un ensayo sobre la academia y sus angustiadores

    OpenAIRE

    Ceballos, Ramiro; Universidad de Pamplona

    2012-01-01

    Academia se llamó la escuela fundada por Platón en Atenas en el siglo IV A.C. Su nombre se debió al hecho impremeditado de que funcionaba junto a un bosquecillo consagrado por los atenienses el héroe Academos

  9. Relational-Cultural Theory as a Framework for Mentoring in Academia: Toward Diversity and Growth-Fostering Collaborative Scholarly Relationships

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, Consuella; Olshansky, Ellen

    2016-01-01

    Mentoring in academia that encourages collaboration and interpersonal relationships is important in helping newer faculty members attain success. Developing such programs is challenging within our prevailing academic context that rewards competition and individually delineated success. We propose that Relational Cultural Theory, a feminist…

  10. The Managerial Turn in Higher Education? On the Interplay of Organizational and Occupational Change in German Academia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krücken, Georg; Blümel, Albrecht; Kloke, Katharina

    2013-01-01

    The managerial turn in academia is currently broadly discussed. Based on empirical data gathered from a sample that includes all German universities, we can give a broad and fine-grained account of this turn. What we can clearly see is that whole new categories of administrative management positions have been created over the last years.…

  11. Conflicting Views on Quality: Interpretations of "A Good University" by Representatives of the State, the Market and Academia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Udam, Maiki; Heidmets, Mati

    2013-01-01

    This article presents the results of research conducted over the period 2010-2012 in Estonia with the aim of identifying the expectations for the quality of higher education by principal parties in higher education, the state, the market and academia, as well as describing the differences and similarities in their expectations. The findings show…

  12. Industry Academia Partnership Project: Computerized Drafting and Electronic Program Improvements through Job Experiences, Curriculum Development and Faculty Professional Growth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodriguez, Felix; Colon, Elsie M.

    The Industry-Academia Partnership Pilot Project (IAPPP) was undertaken by Huertas Junior College (HJC), in Caguas, Puerto Rico, to improve advanced technical education, enhance the competitive capabilities of the region, and reduce the region's unemployment rate. The project consisted of three basic components: professional growth opportunities…

  13. Motivos para a prática de ginástica em academias exclusivas para mulheres

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deimersom Pereira FRAZÃO

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo desta pesquisa é analisar o conteúdo do discurso de praticantes de ginástica em academias exclusivas para mulheres sobre os motivos dessa prática, com o foco direcionado para as relações que se estabelecem entre esses motivos e o binarismo sexual. Trata-se de um estudo qualitativo. Com base em um roteiro de questões semiestruturado, 23 frequentadoras de três academias de ginástica exclusivas para mulheres situadas no município de Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais, foram entrevistadas. Concluímos que a motivação das entrevistadas para a prática da ginástica em academias destinadas exclusivamente às mulheres se mostra ancorada, fundamentalmente, na relação que as mesmas estabelecem, direta ou indiretamente, com o homem, em casa (namorados, maridos e/ou na cena social. Quando comparadas às academias de ginástica mistas, as exclusivas para mulheres emergem como um espaço que pode proporcionar à mulher maior liberdade para: expressar as próprias insatisfações corporais; observar a outra mulher, sem que os sentimentos de competitividade aflorem como em geral afloram no ambiente em que há a presença física do homem; apresentar-se menos assujeitada a padrões corporais de vestimenta e/ou de maquiagem considerados mais belos ou elaborados, inclusive por elas mesmas. Deve-se ainda observar a possibilidade de que nas academias exclusivas as mulheres fiquem mais focadas na exercitação física; pelo fato de sentirem-se mais à vontade, consequentemente, podem se concentrar mais nas práticas e realizar os mais variados movimentos/exercícios sem constrangimentos provocados por olhares invasivos, de homens.

  14. Institutional obligation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rowan, S.S.; Berwager, S.D.

    1988-01-01

    The institutional obligation is to act to meet primary responsibilities in the face of risks. There are risks involved in taking action, both of a quantifiable and unquantifiable nature. This paper explores weighing the risks, choosing approaches that balance primary obligations with broader ones, and presenting ethical philosophies upon which policies and strategies are based. Federal government organizations and utilities--and Bonneville Power Administration qualifies as both--have a variety of responsibilities to the public they serve. The common responsibility is that of service; for Bonneville the primary responsibility is to serve the energy related needs. It is this primary institutional obligation, as it relates to other responsibilities--and the resulting strategy for handling indoor air quality in Bonneville's new homes program--that this paper examines

  15. Fragmentation in the Governance of EU External Relations: Legal Institutional Dilemmas and the New Constitution for Europe

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wessel, Ramses A.; de Zwaan, Jaap W.; Kellermann, Alfred E.

    2004-01-01

    The European Union, an Ongoing Process of Integration contains 27 original contributions authored by prominent EU lawyers from academia and practice and concentrates on the three main areas of European integration that mark the career path of Alfred E. Kellermann: institutional and constitutional

  16. Institutional issues affecting the integration and use of remotely sensed data and geographic information systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lauer, D.T.; Estes, J.E.; Jensen, J.R.; Greenlee, D.D.

    1991-01-01

    The developers as well as the users of remotely sensed data and geographic information system (GIS) techniques are associated with nearly all types of institutions in government, industry, and academia. Individuals in these various institutions often find the barriers to accepting remote sensing and GIS are not necessarily technical in nature, but can be attributed to the institutions themselves. Several major institutional issues that affect the technologies of remote sensing and GIS are data availability, data marketing and costs, equipment availability and costs, standards and practices, education and training, and organizational infrastructures. Not only are problems associated with these issues identified, but needs and opportunities also are discussed. -from Authors

  17. Perfil dos idosos usuários das academias ao ar livre para a terceira idade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wesley Lessa Pinheiro

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Descrever o perfil dos idosos usuários das academias ao ar livre para a terceira idade de Fortaleza,Ceará. Métodos: Estudo transversal, envolvendo uma amostra de 374 idosos com idade maior ou igual a 60 anos, realizado entre os meses de outubro de 2015 e abril de 2016, nas academias ao ar livre para a terceira idade em Fortaleza, Ceará. Aplicou-se um questionário contendo questões sobre dados sociodemográficos, condições de saúde e hábitos de vida autorrelatados, e sobre a utilização dos equipamentos. Mensurou-se o peso e a altura para a obtenção do índice de massa corporal (IMC. Resultados: A maioria dos entrevistados era mulher (56,7%, n=212 e com faixa etária entre 60 e 69 anos (66,8%, n=250. As principais condições de saúde autorrelatadas foram hipertensão (40,9%, n=153, colesterol alto (32,4%, n=121 e osteoartrite (26,2%, n=98. Entre os hábitos de vida, o consumo de bebida alcoólica (31,6%, n=118 foi o mais relatado. Verificou-se que 42,8% (n=160 encontrava-se com excesso de peso. A maioria utilizava os equipamentos há mais de um ano (68,2%, n=255, até 30 minutos por dia (49,5%, n=185, cinco ou mais dias durante a semana (51%, n=191, tendo em grande parte percebido melhora na saúde (93,6%, n=350. Conclusão: Os idosos apresentaram um perfil jovem e ativo, cujas condições de saúde de maior prevalência podem ser facilmente manejadas com a prática de atividade física, e apresentam características semelhantes independentemente da situação econômica em que se encontram inseridos.

  18. Prevalência e fatores associados ao doping cosmético entre frequentadores de academias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jhonatan Lima-Oliveira

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Introdução: O crescente culto ao corpo na sociedade atual tem levado diversos frequentadores de academia à prática sistemática de injetar óleos por via intramuscular, procedimento denominado doping cosmético. Assim, o presente estudo teve como objetivo verificar a prevalência de doping cosmético na região do Vale do São Francisco, buscando estabelecer os perfis sociodemográfico e clínico desse grupo de indivíduos. Relato de caso: Trata-se de um estudo retrospectivo e documental, com análise dos registros de 346 frequentadores de academias de ginástica, dos quais sete relataram utilização de doping cosmético. Destes registros, foram coletados dados sociodemográficos, cineantropométricos, hemodinâmicos, história patológica pessoal e familiar pregressa e de consumo de drogas lícitas e ilícitas. A prevalência de doping cosmético foi 2,0% (IC95% 0,8–4,1, e a maioria dos usuários são adultos jovens com segundo grau completo, trabalhadores de classe média, sendo considerados ativos com baixo percentual de gordura. Eles utilizam suplementos alimentares, esteroides anabolizantes e outras drogas ilícitas. Conclusão: Os achados contribuem na determinação do perfil dessa população, demonstrando que os usuários de doping cosmético são adultos jovens preocupados com a estética corporal. As características sociodemográficas encontradas diferem de estudos prévios quanto ao nível de escolaridade, renda e ocupação. Nesse sentido, ações voltadas para a conscientização dessa população quanto aos riscos e perigos da utilização do doping cosmético devem ser apoiadas o mais breve possível.

  19. ENGLISH AS LINGUA FRANCA IN ACADEMIA – IN BETWEEN GLOBALISING TRENDS AND EMERGING THOUGHT PATTERNS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simona Catrinel AVARVAREI

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Over the last few decades there has been a substantial increase in the globalisation of research and teaching practices in academia worldwide. The globalising trends in the educational environment have had great implications over the academic discourse, noticed not only in the Anglophone context, but wherever scientific exploration went beyond the local linguistic and cultural background. Such hybridization comes with a cost, for globalization takes its toll of stan­dardization and levelling, quite often making the local colouring fade away as it almost turns its uniqueness into disuse and obliviousness. This paper is concerned with the way in which the hegemonic tendencies of English, as lingua franca in academia, come to influence and affect the lexical and socio-pragmatic dimension of the Romanian language.ENGLEZA CA LINGUA FRANCA ÎN MEDIUL ACADEMIC – PERSPECTIVE GLOBALIZANTE ŞI NOI TIPARE DE GÂNDIREÎn ultimele decenii am asistat la o acutizare a fenomenului globalizării, inclusiv la nivelul practicilor de cercetare şi predare din lumea universitară de oriunde. Tendinţele globalizante din mediul academic şi-au lăsat amprenta asupra dis­cursului ştiintific, fenomen circumscris nu doar contextului anglofon, ci oricăror orizonturi în care cercetarea şi explo­ra­rea au depăşit contextul local al dimensiunii lingvistice şi culturale. O astfel de hibridizare nu este lipsită de consecinţe, cu atât mai mult cu cât globalizarea înseamnă standardizare şi uniformizare, cel mai adesea în detrimentul specificului şi culorii locale, care ajung sa fie estompate până la abandon şi uitare. Această lucrare se concentrează asupra felului în care tendinţele hegemonice ale limbii engleze, ca lingua franca în mediul academic, ajung să influenţeze şi să afecteze dimensiunea lexicală şi sociopragmatică a limbii române.

  20. Consumo de álcool por frequentadores de academia de ginástica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daiane Gonçalves de Oliveira

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo Como não há na literatura informações sobre o perfil de consumo alcoólico entre desportistas, o objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o perfil de consumo alcoólico por frequentadores de academia de ginástica associando com a antropometria e a intensidade do treino. Métodos Foram convidados a participar do estudo indivíduos praticantes de musculação, por no mínimo seis meses, com idade entre 20 e 40 anos, de ambos os sexos. Foram realizadas medidas antropométricas e de composição corporal. Para avaliação do consumo alcoólico, utilizou-se o questionário AUDIT (The Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test. A intensidade do treino foi identificada por meio de um questionário semiestruturado. Resultados Dos participantes, 74,1% (n = 35 disseram ter feito uso de álcool. Além disso, 19 voluntários (38,8% apresentaram comportamento de risco para o consumo de álcool (AUDIT ≥ 8. Considerando o consumo alcoólico em binge, 32 voluntários (65,3% consumiram seis ou mais doses de álcool em alguma ocasião no ano anterior, não havendo diferença entre os sexos. A adiposidade corporal estava acima dos valores recomendados entre os que relataram consumo em binge. Não houve associação entre a intensidade do treinamento físico e o consumo de álcool em binge, nem entre a intensidade do treinamento e o comportamento de risco para o consumo de álcool. Conclusão A maioria dos desportistas apresentou consumo de bebidas alcoólicas no padrão binge, não sendo associado à intensidade do treinamento. Este não condiz com os seus objetivos ao frequentar academias de ginástica. A adiposidade corporal estava acima dos valores recomendados.

  1. Institutional Investors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Birkmose, Hanne Søndergaard; Strand, Therese

    Research Question/Issue: Institutional investors are facing increased pressure and threats of legislation from the European Union to abandon passive ownership strategies. This study investigates the prerequisites for – and potential dissimilarities in the practice of, active ownership among......, as such a setup transfers power from the board to the owners. Presumably, this reduces the impact of free rider and collective action problems, and increases the shareholders’ inclination to make proposals, which is also what we find. Theoretical/Academic Implications: We contribute to literature by investigating...

  2. Institutional ethnography

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Rebecca; Tienari, Janne

    2016-01-01

    The study of M&As is dominated by positivist and functionalist world views and the use of quantitative methods. Although extant research also uses qualitative and mixed methods, it can be criticized for viewing its subject matter through an abstract and external lens. The researcher is placed in ......, and point to some of the problems in M&A studies identified through this lens. Finally, we argue why institutional ethnography, in comparison with other methods of inquiry, is particularly fruitful in the study of mergers and acquisitions....

  3. Advancing institutional anomie theory: a microlevel examination connecting culture, institutions, and deviance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muftić, Lisa R

    2006-12-01

    Institutional anomie theory (IAT) contends that crime can be explained by an examination of American society, particularly the exaggerated emphasis on economic success inherent in American culture, which has created a "cheating orientation" that permeates structural institutions, including academia. Consistent with its macrosocial perspective, previous tests of IAT have examined IAT variables at the structural level only. The current study tests the robustness of IAT by operationalizing IAT variables at the individual level and looking at a minor form of deviance, student cheating. The author also examines the role statistical modeling has in testing the theory at the microlevel. Undergraduates, 122 American born and 48 international, were surveyed about their cheating behaviors and adherence to economic goal orientations. Results related to the hypothesis that American students, relative to foreign-born students, will have an increased adherence to economic goal orientations that increase cheating behaviors are presented, as are suggestions for future studies.

  4. Premios Academia Nacional de Medicina deColombia – LABORATORIOS ABBOTT 2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfredo Jácome Roca

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available

    La Academia Nacional de Medicina con la colaboración de Laboratorios Abbott otorgó en noviembre de 2011 la quinta versión del Premio a las Ciencias Médicas, uno en las áreas de ciencias médicas y experimentales y otro en el área de ciencias clínicas. Presentamos aquí algunas notas sobre los trabajos ganadores y los que obtuvieron menciones honoríficas

    El Premio en el área de las Ciencias Básicas lo obtuvieron Carlos Vélez Pardo y Marlene Jiménez del Río, profesores del Grupo de Neurociencias de la Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad de Antioquia en Medellín. El trabajo ganador se tituló: “MECANISMOS MOLECULARES DE PÉRDIDA NEURONAL Y DE CITOPROTECCIÓN EN MODE-LOS IN VITRO E IN VIVO DE LA ENFERMEDAD DE ALZHEIMER Y PARKINSON” [1,2].

  5. The Italian University Habilitation and the Challenge of Increasing the Representation of Women in Academia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Pautasso

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Increasing the representation of women in academia is a priority challenge in higher education policy. This study uses data from the Italian University habilitation competition in 2012 to test whether this national, standardized and quantitative assessment of researchers contributed to improving the situation. The proportion of female applications (on the whole about 36% was in many fields higher than the reported proportion of female University professors (27%, 2010, but lower than the proportion of female researchers (2010 in Italy (45% and 51% for researchers with and without a permanent position, respectively. There was still a gap between the proportion of female applications at the associate (on average 39% and full professor level (29%. A similar gap was also present between scientific disciplines and the humanities. Average success rates of female applications (41.2% were on the whole lower than those of male applications (43.9%, but in most fields these differences were not significant. Overall, it is generally much lower proportion of female applications rather than their lower success rate that perpetuates the low proportion of female academics in Italy. More effort is needed to support female researchers in choosing and pursuing an academic career.

  6. RECOPE: How to succeed in bringing ideas from academia to market without compromising ingenuity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaymalov, Zagit; Kabanov, Alexander

    2017-04-01

    Translation of biomedical technology originated in academia to the market is hindered by lack of consideration of market needs and commercialization pathways that leads academic research away from the market, leaving the public without long-awaited cures. Here we describe Reverse Conceptual Product Engineering (RECOPE), an approach applied in academic setting early in the course of the research project to facilitate biomedical research translation from bench to bedside. By using expertise of diverse set of biomedical professionals and trainees to solve a problem, RECOPE helps to make research goals more relevant to the society needs and translatable in a long-term perspective. Through the use of RECOPE one can critically reassess research design and translational potential and identify new market opportunities. RECOPE also provides for considerable educational opportunities to pre- and post-doctoral trainees. Adoption of RECOPE as a basic to for research design education will have a noticeable impact on academic research. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. Elites acadêmicas: as ciências sociais na Academia Brasileira de Ciências

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Paula Hey

    Full Text Available Resumo O objetivo do artigo consiste em evidenciar certo padrão de carreira científica dos trinta membros da seção de ciências sociais da centenária Academia Brasileira de Ciências. Criada em 2000, a área é composta por antropologia, demografia, ciência política, economia, geografia, história, relações internacionais e sociologia, disciplinas que materializam hierarquias e diferenciações. Os Acadêmicos são caracterizados por uma série de elementos: origem geográfica, gênero, idade e formação científica. Evidencia-se que os percursos de formação do capital científico e de notoriedade mesclam-se ao da construção das instituições e dos suportes que viabilizaram a institucionalização dessas ciências entre os anos de 1960 e 1980. As elites acadêmicas ora construídas evidenciam um modo de consagração que tem como princípio a condução do reconhecimento seletivo dos pares. Essa ação simbólica revela os traços das condições sociais de possibilidade da vida acadêmica no país.

  8. Homenaje a Hernando Martinez Rueda y su "Memorial a la Academia"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Serpa Florez

    1994-12-01

    Full Text Available

    Hernando Martínez Rueda fue un médico que sobresalió por su extraordinario talento. Hijo del doctor Pompilio Martínez ex-presidente de la Academia (1926-1928, primo hermano de otro ex presidente de nuestra corporación, el doctor Guillermo Rueda Montaña (1975-1977, padre de Gonzalo Martínez Sanmartín también médico y cuñado de los Académicos Humberto Rosselli y Carlos Sanmartín Barberi, unió su carrera con la que brilló por su dominio científico, a diferentes actividades humanísticas, como la docencia, en el Departamento de Ciencias de la Universidad de los Andes, la lingüística (hablaba numerosos idiomas y su biógrafo, Abelardo Forero Benavides recuerda que, en seis meses, aprendió el ruso y el árabe. Intervino en política, circunstancialmente, como suplente en el Senado de Laureano Gómez.

    Como escritor publicó ingeniosas poesías “A la manera de…”, en buena hora editadas en un volumen que lleva ese título, por el Banco de la República, en 1980.

    El Académico Efraím Otero Ruiz, también Ex- Presidente (1990-1992 le dedicó sus “sonetos jocosos” -que próximamente serán publicados en forma de libro–. El soneto se originó en el regalo que le hiciera el Académico Roselli Quijano del libro publicado por el Banco de la República y en algunos documentos y narraciones que sobre el nunca bien lamentado Martínez Rueda (o “Martinón”, como le decían sus allegados más cercanos le fueron dados por el Académico Sanmartín. Dice el soneto:

    Martinón: si te hubiese conocido
    vivo el brillo lustral de tus magines,
    rodeado de Rosellis, Sanmartines,
    y todo lo notable que ha vivido,

    cuánto hubiera gozado haberte oído
    despotricar de tántos malandrines,
    menguarle al dictador sus espolines
    y hasta a Gaitán su pródiga libido …

    Pero te oí ya precozmente muerto.
    Tu colección la recibí de Humberto
    y el elogio final tal vez de Carlos

  9. The truth and consequences of Brexit: could a catastrophe for academia be an opportunity for publishers?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacob Wilcock

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Through a combination of research and reportage, this paper examines the immediate impact the 23 June 2016 pro-Brexit vote in the UK has had on scholarly research, its funding, the reputations of British universities and the scholarly publishing business. It documents industry speculation about what Brexit’s long-term impact on the academic community could be. And through interviews with executives at a variety of six small, medium and large publishers of UK scholarly journals, the paper explores publishers’ business plans in the wake of the UK’s decision to separate from the European Union (EU. While academia nearly uniformly sees Brexit as disastrous for the funding of research in the UK and the ability of British researchers to collaborate with their EU colleagues, publishers see business opportunities in the pound’s sharp decline in response to the pro- Brexit vote and on the whole believe that Brexit will have little negative long-term impact on their publishing business. Some are, however, concerned about the quantity and quality of the articles that will be available for publication as well as their potentially diminished impact. There is also uncertainty as to the legal and regulatory ramifications of Brexit on scholarly publishing and the new global competition it may engender. The paper examines how publishers can protect their businesses, increase the value of their content and differentiate their brand in the wake of Brexit’s financial, political, regulatory and academic uncertainty.

  10. Entrepreneurship and Gender Equality in Academia – a Complex Combination in Practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Britt-Inger Keisu

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available This article takes as its starting point two current trends in academia – the promotion of academic entrepreneurship and innovation and the promotion of gender equality – and discusses how different gender equality perspectives are interwoven, or not, into academia’s transformation processes towards entrepreneurial universities. On the basis of an analysis of 26 interviews conducted with personnel at two Swedish universities, the article investigates how concepts of academic entrepreneurship and innovation on the one hand and gender equality on the other hand are constructed and filled with meaning as well as how they are entangled and what effects are produced by this way of thinking and acting. Our analysis reveals tensions between the two policy goals, together with tensions within each goal. An overall conclusion is that articulations and ways of speaking about the policy goal of academic entrepreneurship and innovation were to some extent interwoven with the policy goal of gender equality, especially in the broader perspectives on academic entrepreneurship. However, the articulations of strategies and practice of the two policy goals essentially ran parallel, and were not entangled with one another. This is because strategies or substantial initiatives for merging gender equality into the agenda of academic entrepreneurship and innovation were lacking.

  11. Creating impact with operations research in health: making room for practice in academia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brandeau, Margaret L

    2016-12-01

    Operations research (OR)-based analyses have the potential to improve decision making for many important, real-world health care problems. However, junior scholars often avoid working on practical applications in health because promotion and tenure processes tend to value theoretical studies more highly than applied studies. This paper discusses the author's experiences in using OR to inform and influence decisions in health and provides a blueprint for junior researchers who wish to find success by taking a similar path. This involves selecting good problems to study, forming productive collaborations with domain experts, developing appropriate models, identifying the most salient results from an analysis, and effectively disseminating findings to decision makers. The paper then suggests how journals, funding agencies, and senior academics can encourage such work by taking a broader and more informed view of the potential role and contributions of OR to solving health care problems. Making room in academia for the application of OR in health follows in the tradition begun by the founders of operations research: to work on important real-world problems where operations research can contribute to better decision making.

  12. Sharing tools and best practice in Global Sensitivity Analysis within academia and with industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wagener, T.; Pianosi, F.; Noacco, V.; Sarrazin, F.

    2017-12-01

    We have spent years trying to improve the use of global sensitivity analysis (GSA) in earth and environmental modelling. Our efforts included (1) the development of tools that provide easy access to widely used GSA methods, (2) the definition of workflows so that best practice is shared in an accessible way, and (3) the development of algorithms to close gaps in available GSA methods (such as moment independent strategies) and to make GSA applications more robust (such as convergence criteria). These elements have been combined in our GSA Toolbox, called SAFE (www.safetoolbox.info), which has up to now been adopted by over 1000 (largely) academic users worldwide. However, despite growing uptake in academic circles and across a wide range of application areas, transfer to industry applications has been difficult. Initial market research regarding opportunities and barriers for uptake revealed a large potential market, but also highlighted a significant lack of knowledge regarding state-of-the-art methods and their potential value for end-users. We will present examples and discuss our experience so far in trying to overcome these problems and move beyond academia in distributing GSA tools and expertise.

  13. Institute news

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-11-01

    Joining the team A new member of staff has recently joined the Institute of Physics Education Department (Schools and Colleges) team. (Dr) Steven Chapman will have managerial responsibility for physics education issues in the 11 - 16 age range, particularly on the policy side. He will work closely with Mary Wood, who spends much of her time out and about doing the practical things to support physics education pre-16. Catherine Wilson will be spending more of her time working to support the Post-16 Physics Initiative but retains overall responsibility for the department. Steven graduated in Physics and Astronomy and then went on to do his doctorate at Sussex University. He stayed in the research field for a while, including a period at NPL. Then, having decided to train as a teacher, he taught for the last five years, most recently at a brand new school in Sutton where he was Head of Physics. Physics update Dates for `Physics Update' courses in 2000, intended for practising science teachers, are as follows: 1 - 3 April: Malvern College 9 - 10 June: Stirling University 8 - 10 July: York University 8 - 10 December: Oxford University The deadline for applications for the course to be held on 11 - 13 December 1999 at the School of Physics, Exeter University, is 12 November, so any late enquiries should be sent to Leila Solomon at The Institute of Physics, 76 Portland Place, London W1N 3DH (tel: 020 7470 4821) right away. Name that teacher! Late nominations are still welcome for the Teachers of Physics/Teachers of Primary Science awards for the year 2000. Closing date for nominations is `the last week in November'. Further details can be obtained from Catherine Wilson or Barbara Hill in the Institute's Education Department. Forward and back! The Education Group's one-day meeting on 13 November is accepting bookings until almost the last minute, so don't delay your application! The day is entitled `Post-16 physics: Looking forward, learning from the past' and it aims to

  14. Sumario del discurso inaugural del Capítulo del Tolima de la Academia Nacional de Medicina.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Jacobo Muñoz Delgado

    1993-08-01

    Full Text Available

    Una nueva época

    Por una feliz circunstancia iniciamos hoy, en esta nobilísima ciudad de lbagué, una nueva época de la Academia Nacional de Medicina.

    La directiva actual, poco tiempo después de su elección, buscó la manera de hacer realidad el que esta Academia fuera una institución de carácter nacional, de que fuera, como lo manda la Ley, "el organismo consultor y asesor del Gobierno Nacional" de que ayudara a lograr una buena orientación legal y administrativa, y a que fuera el gran ente promotor de la salud colombiana en todos sus aspectos.

    La Academia decidió crear una sección dedicada a establecer capítulos departamentales, coordinados, dirigidos y orientados a finalidades patrióticas de salud. Con todos nuestros colegas de Colombia, mostrar la importancia de la Salud Pública y lo que ella significa para nuestro desarrollo. De tal dependencia hemos encargado en buena hora a nuestro ilustre ex-presidente doctor Pablo Gómez Martínez.


  15. Examining Workplace Ostracism Experiences in Academia: Understanding How Differences in the Faculty Ranks Influence Inclusive Climates on Campus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carla A. Zimmerman

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Research on the retention of women in academia has focused on challenges, including a chilly climate, devaluation, and incivility. The unique consequences of workplace ostracism – being ignored and excluded by others in an organizational setting – require focus on this experience as another interpersonal challenge for women in academia. The purpose of this study is to examine differences in the faculty experiences and outcomes of workplace ostracism, and to determine if these experiences are affected significantly by the gender composition of an employee’s specific department. Participants were recruited at two time points to complete campus climate surveys that were distributed to faculty at a large, public, research university. We examined the number of reported ostracism experiences (Study 1 and perceived information sharing (Study 2 among male and female university faculty. The findings indicated that female faculty members perceived more workplace ostracism than male faculty members. Analyses of department gender ratios suggested that the proportion of women in the department did not reduce the amount of workplace ostracism experienced by women. No gender differences were found in perceived information sharing. However, we found that Faculty of Color, both men and women, reported more frequent information exclusion than White faculty. These results have important implications for theoretical and practical understandings of workplace demography and suggest that it is necessary to look at subtle, ambiguous forms of discrimination in order to increase retention of faculty from underrepresented groups in academia.

  16. Examining Workplace Ostracism Experiences in Academia: Understanding How Differences in the Faculty Ranks Influence Inclusive Climates on Campus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zimmerman, Carla A; Carter-Sowell, Adrienne R; Xu, Xiaohong

    2016-01-01

    Research on the retention of women in academia has focused on challenges, including a "chilly climate," devaluation, and incivility. The unique consequences of workplace ostracism - being ignored and excluded by others in an organizational setting - require focus on this experience as another interpersonal challenge for women in academia. The purpose of this study is to examine differences in the faculty experiences and outcomes of workplace ostracism, and to determine if these experiences are affected significantly by the gender composition of an employee's specific department. Participants were recruited at two time points to complete campus climate surveys that were distributed to faculty at a large, public, research university. We examined the number of reported ostracism experiences (Study 1) and perceived information sharing (Study 2) among male and female university faculty. The findings indicated that female faculty members perceived more workplace ostracism than male faculty members. Analyses of department gender ratios suggested that the proportion of women in the department did not reduce the amount of workplace ostracism experienced by women. No gender differences were found in perceived information sharing. However, we found that Faculty of Color, both men and women, reported more frequent information exclusion than White faculty. These results have important implications for theoretical and practical understandings of workplace demography and suggest that it is necessary to look at subtle, ambiguous forms of discrimination in order to increase retention of faculty from underrepresented groups in academia.

  17. Awareness and Attitude of Physicians in Academia towards Human Stem Cell Research (HSCR and Related Policies in Rajasthan, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nitin K Joshi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: In India, several science agencies are promoting Stem Cell Research (SCR. There is paucity of studies which document the perception of doctors about SCR, especially physicians in academia. This study was carried out to assess perception of physicians in academia towards Human Stem Cell Research (HSCR and related policies in India. Methods: We interviewed 200 doctors from three different government medical colleges of Rajasthan. A semi-structured questionnaire was used to discern their awareness, attitudes towards utilization of SCR and their knowledge of related international and ethical policy issues. Results: Though mostly 177 (96.2% physicians acknowledged the public health benefits of promoting stem cell research in India, but 166 (66.2% were not aware of the stem cell research policy of the Government of India and 111 (60.3% were not aware of the ICMR guidelines for Human Stem Cell Research in India. There was a strong desire among academic physicians 152 (82.6% to incorporate a course on SCR to the students in the near future. Discussion: Physicians in academia have views that SCR should be encouraged to treat clinical diseases and this technology should be brought into India in a big way. They seem to believe that one of the ways to promote the benefits of SCR would be to raise awareness by publishing success stories in widely read Indian Medical Journals, giving updated information regarding its uses in clinical practices and its inclusion as a part of the curricula for health professionals.

  18. Knowledge translation in tri-sectoral collaborations: An exploration of perceptions of academia, industry and healthcare collaborations in innovation adoption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ii, Suzanne Sayuri; Fitzgerald, Louise; Morys-Carter, Megan M; Davie, Natasha L; Barker, Richard

    2018-02-01

    With the aging population and increase in chronic disease conditions, innovation to transform treatment pathways and service delivery will be necessary. The innovation adoption process however, can take 15 years before widespread adoption occurs in most healthcare systems. Current UK government policies to increase the facilitation of innovation adoption are under way. The aim of this study is to explore perceptions of tri-sectoral collaborations in the healthcare sector. The data in the study are drawn from a cross-sectional survey conducted in 2015 of professionals in academia, industry and the healthcare sectors in England, focusing on Diabetes care. Academia and healthcare respondents had the least work experience outside of their sectors compared to the industry respondents. Healthcare and academia respondents rated the industry sector less trustworthy, unethical, having different goals and less understanding of the other sectors. Industry respondents had a more positive perspective towards potential collaborators. The results from the study demonstrate greater potential challenges to tri-sectoral collaborations and the government's knowledge translation policy, due to pre-conceived notions and lack of understanding of other sectors. The purely structural approach of establishing government mandated translational networks may be insufficient without active attempts to improve collaborative relationships. Mechanisms to facilitate trust building and collaboration are proposed. Crown Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  19. Elías Zerolo (1848-1900 y la labor de la Real Academia Española

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Medina López

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available For the first time, opinions about topics related to the Spanish language made by erudite Elías Zerolo (1849-1900 are analysed in an essay. Zerolo is the author of La lengua, la Academia y los académicos, published originally in Paris, in1889. In this work Elías Zerolo speaks about the unity of the language, the importance of American and Spanish idiomatic varieties and criticizes Academia (its Dictionary and its Grammar for not always picking up the most recent usages and meanings of late 19th century Spanish. He concludes that the academic model, though important as it is, must not be the only one and cannot be established as a general norm for the Spanish language. Furthermore, he states that Academia should bear in mind opinions and works by American writers. Regarding lexicon it is also convenient to consider other vocabularies. Thus, in the final part of his work, Elías Zerolo thinks that voices coming from the Canary Isles ought to be included in the academic Diccionario.

  20. Pronunciamiento de la Academia frente a la Ley 100 de 1993

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Felix Patiño Restrepo

    2000-04-01

    Full Text Available

    A los 10 meses de iniciado el estudio, en febrero de 1999, la Academia publicó el correspondiente informe bajo el título “Ley 100 de 1993: Reforma y Crisis de la Salud. Impacto de la Reforma de la Seguridad Social en Salud sobre la Medicina como Profesión y como Ciencia”, que fue ampliamente divulgado. En esta publicación se hicieron recomendaciones muy precisas tendientes a corregir los graves defectos en la ejecución y puesta en práctica de la Ley 100 que han causado tan honda crisis en el sector de la salud, una crisis realmente sin antecedentes en la historia de Colombia, y que ha afectado principalmente a los hospitales públicos y al sector más desprotegido de la población.

    La Academia registra con perplejidad que esta crisis haya ocurrido cuando, precisamente como consecuencia de lo establecido por la misma Ley 100, existe una abundancia de recursos destinada al sector, también sin precedentes en la historia del país.

    Por todo ello, la nación entera se pregunta ¿qué se han hecho, a dónde han ido los recursos?

    Un factor causal de lo que bien puede ser un sobrecogedor despilfarro de dineros públicos, es haber iniciado la operación de la Ley 100 sin una adecuada infraestructura de información, prácticamente sin mecanismos de control y bajo la concepción de crear una nueva industria, la industria de la salud.

    Se puede afirmar que buena parte de los recursos destinados a la atención de la salud en Colombia, muy superiores a los disponibles antes de la Ley 100, no se invierten en atención, como consecuencia del considerable consumo en costos y utilidades de la intermediación.

    Se esperaba que el poder del mercado produjera la contención de costos; esto significaría que sólo podrían contenerse reduciendo el ingreso de los proveedores, Instituciones Prestadoras de Salud (IPS y de los profesionales de la salud. Como dice Theodore R., Marmor, profesor de la School of Management de Yale

  1. Academia Nacional de Médicina-Abbott 2008. Rotavirus, efectos adversos evitables y otras investigaciones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfredo Jácome Roca

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available

    La Academia Nacional de Medicina con la colaboración de Laboratorios Abbott otorgó en noviembre de
    2008 la segunda versión del Premio a las Ciencias Médicas, uno en las áreas de Ciencias Médicas y
    experimentales y otro en el área de Ciencias Clínicas.
     
    Presentamos aqui algunas notas sobre los trabajos ganadores y los que obtuvieron menciones honoríficas. 

    El Premio en el área de las Ciencias Básicas lo obtuvieron profesores de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia en Bogotá, pertenecientes al Laboratorio de Biología Molecular de Virus de la Facultad de Medicina y al Departamento de Química de la Facultad de Ciencias. Se trata de los investigadores Carlos Arturo Guerrero Fonseca, Martha Calderón, Orlando Acosta y Fanny Guzmán.

    El trabajo se titula "Interferencia de la infección por rotavirus mediante la inhibición de la actividad de
    la proteína disulfuro isomerasa (PDI de la membrana celular de las líneas MA 104 y Caen-2".

  2. Prevention and control of food safety risks: the role of governments, food producers, marketers, and academia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lupien, John R

    2007-01-01

    Food systems are rapidly changing as world population grows, increasing urbanization occurs, consumer tastes and preferences change and differ in various countries and cultures, large scale food production increases, and food imports and exports grow in volume and value. Consumers in all countries have become more insistent that foods available in the marketplace are of good quality and safe, and do not pose risks to them and their families. Publicity about food risk problems and related risks, including chemical and microbiological contamination of foods, mad-cow disease, avian flu, industrial chemical contamination all have made consumers and policy makers more aware of the need of the control of food safety risk factors in all countries. To discuss changes in food systems, and in consumer expectations, that have placed additional stress on the need for better control of food safety risks. Food producers, processors, and marketers have additional food law and regulations to meet; government agencies must increase monitoring and enforcement of adequate food quality and safety legislation and coordinate efforts between agriculture, health, trade, justice and customs agencies; and academia must take action to strengthen the education of competent food legislation administrators, inspectorate, and laboratory personnel for work in government and industry, including related food and food safety research . Both Government and the food industry must assure that adequate control programs are in place to control the quality and safety of all foods, raw or processed, throughout the food chain from production to final consumption. This includes appropriate laboratory facilities to perform necessary analysis of foods for risk and quality factors, and to carry out a wide range of food science, toxicological and related research.

  3. Regulation of advanced therapy medicinal products in Europe and the role of academia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pearce, Kim F; Hildebrandt, Martin; Greinix, Hildegard; Scheding, Stefan; Koehl, Ulrike; Worel, Nina; Apperley, Jane; Edinger, Matthius; Hauser, Andrea; Mischak-Weissinger, Eva; Dickinson, Anne M; Lowdell, Mark W

    2014-03-01

    Advanced therapy medicinal products (ATMP) are gene therapy, somatic cell therapy or tissue-engineered products regulated under (EC) No. 1394/2007 to ensure their free movement within the European Union while guaranteeing the highest level of health protection for patients. Academic good manufacturing practice (GMP) centers are major contributors in the development of ATMPs and this study assessed the impact of regulations on them. European academic and non-industrial facilities (n = 747) were contacted, and a representative sample of 50 replied to a detailed questionnaire. Experienced centres were further selected in every Member State (MS) for semi-structured interviews. Indicators of ATMP production and development success were statistically assessed, and opinions about directive implementation were documented. Facilities experienced in manufacturing cell therapy transplant products are the most successful in developing ATMPs. New centres lacking this background struggle to enter the field, and there remains a shortage of facilities in academia participating in translational research. This is compounded by heterogeneous implementation of the regulations across MS. GMP facilities successfully developing ATMPs are present in all MS. However, the implementation of regulations is heterogeneous between MS, with substantial differences in the definition of ATMPs and in the approved manufacturing environment. The cost of GMP compliance is underestimated by research funding bodies. This is detrimental to development of new ATMPs and commercialization of any that are successful in early clinical trials. Academic GMP practitioners should strengthen their political visibility and contribute to the development of functional and effective European Union legislation in this field. Copyright © 2014 International Society for Cellular Therapy. All rights reserved.

  4. DISCURSO DE POSESIÓN COMO PRESIDENTE DE LA ACADEMIA NACIONAL DE MEDICINA PERIODO 2016 A 2018

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Herman Esguerra Villamizar

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available

    En verdad hoy me acompañan un gran contento, una enorme satisfacción y un ánimo del espíritu increíble. Este hecho, el de posesionarme como nuevo presidente de la Academia Nacional de Medicina, es quizá uno de los honores más grandes que como médico he recibido en mi vida profesional y de académico. Hay un gran deseo en mí de lograr objetivos, cumplir responsabilidades y realizar servicios. Ustedes honorables académicos, han creído en mí y han depositado en mi persona el liderazgo y conducción de nuestra academia para los próximos dos años. Muchas gracias por ese honor que me confieren.

    Siempre hubo en mí, desde el estudiante de medicina, luego como médico rural, médico general, médico especialista en Medicina Interna y médico oncólogo clínico y de trasplante de médula ósea, el propósito de ser un médico “superior” (aún no sabría decir qué significado tiene este adjetivo. Pero aún a este tiempo, día a día siento la necesidad de planear, proyectar, realizar y servir como médico a mis pacientes, a mi comunidad, a las instituciones en que me muevo, a mi academia y a mi país.

    Inicié mi recorrido como médico oncólogo clínico en el Instituto Nacional de Cancerología, allí promoví y participé en la creación, organización y desarrollo de la especialidad de Oncología Clínica.

    Me adentré en el concepto de la integralidad en el manejo del paciente con cáncer y en la necesidad de educación médica en cáncer. Fundé servicios de Oncología en el Hospital Central de la Policía Nacional y en la Clínica Santa Rosa, de Cajanal, el primer servicio de carácter privado de Oncología en Bogotá hace 30 años: El Servicio de Oncología de la Clínica de Marly. Luego Radioterapia Oncología Marly S.A – Instituto de Oncología y la Asociación Colombiana de Enfermos de Cáncer. También participé en la creación del Banco Nacional de Medicamentos para el Cáncer y el primer servicio y

  5. Posición de la Academia Respecto de los Transplantes Corneales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Academia Nacional de Medicina

    1995-12-01

    Full Text Available

    Comunicado La Academia Nacional de Medicina

    Considerando:

    1. Que desde finales de 1993 un programa de televisión preparado por la periodista francesa Marie-Monique Robin y difundido ampliamente en 1994 por los medios visuales y escritos en Europa, Canadá y los Estados Unidos sobre el tema “Ladrones de órganos” -yen que narra la historia de Jeison, un niño colombiano a quien, supuestamente, le habrían “arrebatado” sus córneas-, ha lesionado grandemente el prestigio de la Clínica Barraquer y en especial de su fundador y Director, el Académico Honorario José 1. Barraquer M., haciéndolos en parte culpables de ese “tráfico de órganos”, ya que la acusación la generaliza también a otras instituciones oftalmológicas y hospitalarias colombianas.

    2. Que tanto la Embajada de Colombia en Francia como los abogados que demandaron a la periodista por injuria y calumnia (logrando la restricción judicial de la difusión del programa televisivo, lo mismo que cuidadosas investigaciones hechas por el Servicio de Información de los Estados Unidos (USIS y por la Asociación Panamericana de Bancos de Ojos (APABO detalladas en extensos documentos, han desmentido y refutado las afirmaciones hechas por dicha periodista y puesto muy en claro la falsedad de las mismas.

    3. Que, como 10 destaca en su comunicación la Directora Ejecutiva de la APABO, Colombia lidera el desenvolvimiento de los Bancos de Ojos en América Latina, liderazgo que se acentúa por contar con una Ley sobre transplantes moderna y ágil (Ley 73 de 1988 que permite tomar por donación o presunción los tejidos corneales de los muertos para restaurar así la visión de los invidentes mediante transplantes.

    4. Que en el caso del niño colombiano Jeison se comprobó -mediante historias clínicas auténticas de los Hospitales Infantil de Bogotá y Salazar de Villetaque el niño era ciego por una panoftalmitis infecciosa de su

  6. On Plagiarism and Power Relations in Legal Academia and Legal Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tilen Štajnpihler

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The article challenges the misconception that legal academia is a harmonious community without internal discrepancies, characterised by common interests, a coherent set of values and standards of behaviour that are unilaterally transposed into the legal profession through the process of legal education. The paper focuses on a case study of a public dispute between two law professors initiated by an article published in one of the main national law magazines wherein one accused the other of plagiarism. Even though the dispute did not come to an unequivocal conclusion, it deserves a closer examination as it clearly exposed two important issues. Firstly, it revealed certain unresolved issues concerning legal writing and legal ethics that are essential elements of the legal profession, as they have a profound impact on legal education and legal practice, and, secondly, it showed that these divergences are at least to some extent related to the latent network of power relations and struggles that dominate the legal (academic field. Este artículo cuestiona la creencia de que el mundo jurídico-académico es una comunidad armoniosa sin discrepancias internas, caracterizada por intereses comunes, valores coherentes y parámetros de comportamiento que se transponen de forma unilateral al ejercicio de la profesión jurídica a través de la educación en Derecho. El artículo se centra en el estudio de una disputa entre dos profesores de Derecho, en la cual uno acusaba al otro de plagio. A pesar de que la disputa no se resolvió de forma clara, merece un análisis más cuidadoso, ya que puso de manifiesto dos temas importantes: en primer lugar, algunos conflictos sin resolver sobre la escritura y la ética del derecho que son elementos esenciales de la profesión jurídica, pues tienen un profundo impacto sobre la educación y la práctica del Derecho; y, en segundo lugar, que estos desacuerdos están relacionados con las redes latentes de poder que

  7. Academia vs Industry: vanishing boundaries between global earthquake seismology and exploration seismics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van der Hilst, R. D.

    2011-12-01

    Global seismology and exploration seismics have long lived in parallel universes, with little cross-fertilization of methodologies and with interaction between the associated communities often limited to company recruitment of students. Fortunately, this traditional separation of technology and people has begun to disappear. This is driven not only by continuing demands for human and financial resources (for companies and academia, respectively) but increasingly also by overlapping intellectual interest. First, 'waves are waves' (that is, the fundamental physics - and math to describe/handle it - is scale invariant) and many artificial boundaries are being removed by use of better wave theory, faster computers, and new data acquisition paradigms. For example, the development of dense sensor arrays (in USA, Europe, Asia - mostly China and Japan) is increasing the attraction (and need) of industry-style interrogation of massive data sets. Examples include large scale seismic exploration of Earth's deep interior with inverse scattering of teleseismic wavefields (e.g., Van der Hilst et al., Science, 2007). On the other hand, reservoir exploration and production benefits from expertise in earthquake seismology, both for better characterization of reservoirs and their overburden and for (induced) micro-earthquake analysis. Passive source methods (including but not restricted to ambient noise tomography) are providing new, economic opportunities for velocity analysis and monitoring, and studies of (micro)seismicity (e.g., source location, parameters, and moment tensor) allow in situ stress determination, tomographic velocity analysis with natural sources in the reservoir, and 4D monitoring (e.g., for hydrocarbon production, carbon sequestration, enhanced geothermal systems, and unconventional gas production). Second, the gap between the frequency ranges traditionally considered by both communities is being bridged by better theory, new sensor technology, and through

  8. Studying at the UCL Institute of Archaeology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bill Sillar

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Ranked 1st in 'The Guardian' (2013 league table for studying archaeology Ranked 2nd in 'The Times' (2013 ‘Good University Guide’ 100% of Institute undergraduate finalists expressed satisfaction with our teaching and support in the UK National Student Surveys 2010 and 2011 Students at the UCL Institute of Archaeology discover the rich diversity of the human past, exploring societies from two million years ago to the present day, and asking questions of relevance to our shared global future. To address these questions students integrate the humanities and the sciences; using a wide range of approaches to collect, evaluate and interpret relevant evidence. At UCL and during survey and excavation projects students make life-long friends while developing teamwork, management and leadership skills. Studying archaeology demands energy and enthusiasm, it challenges expectations while developing the problem-solving and transferable skills which all employers are looking for. Graduates from the Institute go on to make wide-ranging contributions to society, including business, academia and archaeology.

  9. Taiwan links up to world's 1st LHC Computing Grid Project

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    Taiwan's Academia Sinica was linked up to the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) Computing Grid Project to work jointly with 12 other countries to construct the world's largest and most powerful particle accelerator

  10. Taiwan links up to world's first LHC computing grid project

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    "Taiwan's Academia Sinica was linked up to the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) Computing Grid Project last week to work jointly with 12 other countries to construct the world's largest and most powerful particle accelerator" (1/2 page).

  11. Lecturers' Job Satisfaction in a Public Tertiary Institution in Singapore: Ambivalent and Non-Ambivalent Relationships between Job Satisfaction and Demographic Variables

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paul, Emily Pakivathy; Phua, Seok Kheng

    2011-01-01

    Increasing lecturer turnover rates and fewer qualified recruits choosing a career in academia threaten the integrity of the tertiary education system in Singapore. The purpose of this study was to ascertain the relationship between lecturers' job satisfaction levels in a public tertiary institution and selected demographic variables. The study…

  12. People’s Republic of China Scientific Abstracts, Number 194.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1978-07-21

    P’AN Hsiang-ch’uan of the Shan-t’ou District Marine Aqua- culture Station TITLE: "On Artificial Cultivation of Porphyra Guanqdonqensis"* SOURCE...tmospher.c experiments, is de scribed. The past influence of cosmic ray studies on phys.es ,ncludfrt^awa s prediction of the existence of the meson...2582 0701 1145] CHANG Te-jui [l72B 1795 3843] ORG: Both of the Institute of Oceanology, Academia Sinica TITLE: "On Two New Porphyra From China

  13. Annual Report 1989

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1990-08-01

    The research activities of Institute of High Energy Physics (IHEP) Academia Sinica of China during the year of 1989 were summarized . Within this year, Beijing positron electron collider, Beijing Spectrometer and the Synchrotron Radiation Experimental Facilities have one after another passed technical appraisal. The 35 MeV proton Lianc was formally accepted by the State after technical appraisal was obeyed. Scientific research has been developing healthily with all the research programs being performed according to plan. Several international conferences which achieved good results were managed to be hosted under difficult conditions

  14. Annual Report 1990

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1991-06-01

    The research activities of Institute of High Energy Physics (IHEP), Academia Sinica of China during the year of 1990 is summarized. The year of 1990 is a bumper harvest year for IHEP, within which the BEPC project and some other scientific facilities undertaken by IHEP achieved remarkable success in the fields of high energy physics research, technological development, application of synchrotron radiation and nuclear technology. academic exchange and international collaboration have been vigorously carried out, scientific research and development work has been deepened further and the work in management sector has been also improved gradually

  15. Nonreciprocity of Long-range Reverberation in Wedged Continental Shelf

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-08-25

    IIII VS5.~ I I I 0 0 I I Tw ’ip2ti~iW ~ a!~w3s)p~q Uloflog Ivakin & Lysanov theory Our data{ ~by tie bottom vs grazing angle at vari- ~ous...OF INTERNAL SOLITONS OR BOTTOM RELIEF ON SOUND PROPAGATION IN SHALLOW WATER Xue-zhen ZHANG and Ji- xun ZHOU .. Institute of Acoustics, Academia Sinica...chal- an. . , m=,, f (m. - - lenging . One of unexplained phenomenon for shallow wan- , ’ ter sound propagation, in the contrast with the so-called - t

  16. IMP annual report, 1988 (January-December)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1990-06-01

    The research activities of Institute of Modern Physics, Academia Sinica of China, during the year of 1988, was summarized in this annual report. A highlight of these activities during the year was the progress of HIRFL project. HIRFL was delivered successfully 50 MeV/A 12 C beam on december 12, 1988. The scientific paper contained in this annual report are concerning to the fundamental scientific research, mainly nuclear physics. The development on experimental technique and the research on application of nuclear techniques have been reported also. It divided into ten parts, more than ninety pieces of short notes were presented

  17. Fatores de risco cardiovascular e consumo alimentar em cadetes da Academia da Força Aérea Brasileira

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernanda Elisabete Hilgenberg

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Resumo O objetivo deste artigo é investigar a prevalência de fatores de risco cardiovascular e inadequações de consumo alimentar em cadetes da Academia da Força Aérea Brasileira e a associação com sexo e ano de formação. Estudo transversal com 166 cadetes da Academia da Força Aérea Brasileira, em Pirassununga – SP, entre junho e dezembro de 2013. Foram avaliadas medidas antropométricas, parâmetros bioquímicos e clínicos, nível de atividade física, tabagismo e consumo alimentar. Testes de Qui-Quadrado de Pearson ou Exato de Fisher foram utilizados. A prevalência de excesso de peso (IMC >25,0 kg/m2 foi de 29,7% nos homens e de 16,7% nas mulheres. Hipertensão arterial foi prevalente em 15,2% dos homens. Verificou-se hipercolesterolemia em 50,7% dos cadetes; 24,3% apresentaram valores elevados de lipoproteína de baixa densidade e, 11,2%, lipoproteína de alta densidade baixa. Houve associação entre tempo de permanência na Academia e lipoproteína de alta densidade baixa. Observou-se consumo elevado de gorduras saturadas (87,2% e de colesterol (42,7%. A ingestão inadequada de fibras foi verificada em 92,7% da amostra. Observou-se considerável prevalência de fatores de risco cardiovascular entre os cadetes, principalmente hipercolesterolemia e consumo alimentar inadequado.

  18. Mentoring women faculty of color in nursing academia: Creating an environment that supports scholarly growth and retention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mkandawire-Valhmu, Lucy; Kako, Peninnah M; Stevens, Patricia E

    2010-01-01

    Our purposes in writing this article are to: (1) raise consciousness and prompt dialogue about issues contributing to the lack of racial/ethnic diversity among faculties of nursing, and (2) offer a vision for mentoring women faculty of color in nursing academia that is inclusive and supportive of scholarly growth and retention. Drawing from our own experiences as mentees and mentors, and bringing in literature to substantiate our argument, we examine racism and its ramifications for academic nursing and recommend strategies for opposing racism and encouraging collaborative mentorship. Copyright 2010 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. Social exclusion in academia through biases in methodological quality evaluation: On the situation of women in science and philosophy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leuschner, Anna

    2015-12-01

    Empirical studies show that academia is socially exclusive. I argue that this social exclusion works, at least partly, through the systematic methodological disqualification of contributions from members of underrepresented social groups. As methodological quality criteria are underdetermined their interpretation and weighting can be biased with relation to gender, race, social background, etc. Such biased quality evaluation can take place on a local or global level. The current situation of women in academic philosophy illuminates this. I conclude that only mechanical solutions can effectively change the situation. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  20. Anteproyecto para un comunicado de la Academia Nacional de Medicina con Respecto al uso de Sustancias Adictivas

    OpenAIRE

    Guillermo Sánchez Medina

    1994-01-01

    La Academia Nacional de Medicina de Colombia en sus sesiones del 26 de mayo y el 9 de junio del presente año, discutió y se pronunció con respecto a la penalización o despenalización del porte y consumo de sustancias adictivas.

    Los académicos discutieron yen un consenso general acordaron pronunciarse ante el gobierno Nacional en relación a que:

    1. No se puede legalizar, legitimar o despenalizar, la producción, la comercialización y el uso de las su...

  1. Qualidade de vida dos adolescentes que praticam dança nas academias do Guará

    OpenAIRE

    Silva, Carolina Eugênia Batista da

    2013-01-01

    O presente estudo teve como objetivo verificar a qualidade de vida dos adolescentes que praticam dança nas academias do Guará. No estudo utilizou-se um questionário para avaliar o nível da qualidade de vida desses adolescentes. A amostra foi composta por um grupo de 25 adolescentes, sendo 20 do sexo feminino e 5 do sexo masculino. A análise dos resultados foi feita através Microsoft Office Excel 2007. Concluiu-se através dos resultados que os adolescentes que praticam Dança possuem um padrão ...

  2. Factores determinantes de la rotación de personal en instructores que trabajan en una academia de artes marciales

    OpenAIRE

    Ruíz Quintero, David

    2016-01-01

    Reconocer las principales razones de deserción de ex instructores de una academia de artes marciales ubicada en Medellín, Colombia, la cual se encuentra actualmente afectada por un alto índice de rotación de personal -- Se busca identificar los factores que incidieron en la decisión de retiro, las estrategias que la institución pudo haber implementado para retener al personal, evaluar las consecuencias de la decisión de retiro en términos de pérdida y ganancia e identificar posibles síntomas ...

  3. Postdoctoral Mentoring at the Space Telescope Science Institute

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peeples, Molly

    2018-01-01

    The Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI) has, on average, about 30 postdoctoral researchers. This groups is funded primarily by individual grants but includes independent Fellows (Giacconi, Lasker, and Hubble Fellows) and postdocs based at neighboring Johns Hopkins University but with supervisors based at STScI. Our mentoring program aims to support the intellectual and career development of this entire group, outside of the scientific and career mentoring they receive from their direct supervisors or fellowship sponsors. Our mentoring program consists of two parts. First and foremost, each postdoc has a mentor (someone on the research staff) with whom they meet regularly. Ideally, the mentor is not someone with whom the postdoc collaborates scientifically and can therefore provide an outside, independent, fresh perspective. As different postdocs require different kinds of mentoring, we try to best pair postdocs and mentors according to the postdocs’ needs and the mentors’ backgrounds, skills, and mentoring styles. Second, we conduct several career guidance seminars and related events throughout the year. These have included proposal writing workshops, formalized practice talks, academic job application seminars, and discussion sessions on career paths outside of academia (featuring colleagues who are no longer in academia). These workshops have the added benefit of providing the postdocs with a wider support network of staff members. Finally, we have begun to conduct an annual survey of the postdocs to gauge their experience and integration at STScI, the efficacy of the mentoring program, and to collect feedback on how to improve postdoctoral life at the Institute.

  4. Reseña de los Libros presentados en la Academia Nacional de Medicina en 1996

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Camacho Pinto

    1997-06-01

    Full Text Available

    Presentado en la sesión solemne del día 30 de mayo de 1996.

    Revisada esta obra del destacado neurocirujano y examinada a través del lente de nuestra prolongada práctica sobre el tema, la conclusión es muy positiva y en un todo de acuerdo con su comentarista oficial, el profesor Alejandro Jiménez Arango, quien en su presentación a la Academia se expresa así: “… en forma sucinta y clara con cuadro e ilustraciones altamente ilustrativas, el libro en mención presenta los mecanismos de los traumatismos craneoencefálicos, los diversos grados según su intensidad y su fisiopatogenia; su clasificación, su sintomatología, los resultados de los estudios complementarios, especialmente de la Tomografía Axial Computadorizada y la conducta tanto médica como quirúrgica que es preciso seguir”.

    “El estudio del doctor Peña es un atractivo y práctico manual, que busca precisamente llegar al estudiante de Medicina, al interno y al residente, así como a los médicos de diversas especialidades y a los Neurocirujanos para presentarles en una forma clara, objetiva y aplicable, los principios científicos aceptados que rigen la fisiopatología del traumatismo craneano, el mecanismo de los daños primarios y secundarios y el manejo de los mismos, de acuerdo con los principios científicos actualizados”.

    El concepto anteriormente copiado permite recomendar este Manual como de la mayor utilidad en el ejercicio activo de la Medicina.

    - Gastroenterología y Hepatología
    Editores: Doctores Jaime Alvarado, William Otero, Paulo Emilio Archila y EIsa Rojas.

    - El Pediatra Eficiente. 5a. edición.
    Autores: Académico Ernesto Plata Rueda (q.e.p.d. y colaboradores.

    - Guías para Manejo de Urgencias
    Obra presentada en la sesión solemne del día 29 de agosto de 1996.
    Se trata de una

  5. Management and Accounting in English Higher Education Influenced by Environmental and Academia-Specific Factors

    Science.gov (United States)

    von Alberti-Alhtaybat, Larissa; Al-Htaybat, Khaldoon; Hutaibat, Khaled

    2012-01-01

    This article originates from a longitudinal study of management and accounting practices in the English higher education sector. The processes of strategic management and strategic management accounting in several English higher education institutions were investigated, from planning to assessment, and their meaning to members of staff. The study…

  6. State University’s Institusional Repository as a Storage for Civitas Academia Intelectul Property

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dyah Puspita Srirahayu

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Many works - works the academic community that has not been published so that the intellectual property of an educational institution is not widely known by the general public. Institutional repository created and used to manage the results of these works that can be accessed by all people. This study aimed to describe the institutional repository of high perguruang country in Java Timursebagai container to the intellectual academic community views of content, the software used unit that houses, and ratings on Webometrik. This study uses a quantitative approach with descriptive methods. The population used in this study are all the institutional repository of public universities in East Java, which already are online. The sampling technique is the total sampling. The results of this study found that 50% of state universities in East Java has an IR that can be accessed via the internet, 100% of existing IR content is scientific output, the software used various existing GDL, DSpace, Eprints and others, and IR state universities in Java East 66.7% was ranked in webometrik

  7. Exploring Gender and Race amongst Female Sociologists Exiting Academia in South Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rabe, Marlize; Rugunanan, Pragna

    2012-01-01

    This article explores issues of gender and race in the academic careers of female sociologists in South Africa by focusing on selected women who left academic departments in higher education institutions. In-depth interviews were conducted with 11 participants who left various Sociology departments at different times. It was found that young black…

  8. Bury My Heart in Doha: Reflections on Performing Western Academia Overseas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, Zachary

    2014-01-01

    Critical reflection on the course of the Western university system has never been more important than at the juncture of its exportation around the world. The importation of Western academic institutions in the modernizing states of the Muslim world is fraught with contradictions, responding to the desire to craft a citizenship recognizable to the…

  9. Joint Venture Arrangement for RN to BSN: A Model of Synergy between Academia and Service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bargagliotti, L. Antoinette; And Others

    1991-01-01

    Joint venture among educational and practice institutions is well on its way toward becoming the norm in nursing education and practice. Kaiser Permanente and the University of San Francisco School of Nursing offer a venture that allows registered nurses to pursue a bachelor of science in nursing degree. (JOW)

  10. Sustainable Academia: Translating the Vision of a Full Sustainable University into a Measurable Reality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonios Maragakis

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available There is a growing public expectation that universities should start focusing on delivering sustainability. The topic of sustainability in higher education has gathered a significant amount of interest from students, academics, governments and international organizations. With a plethora of declarations, initiatives, marketing and assessments, there is a need to assess what the stakeholders want in order to make decisions regarding an institutions sustainability. Ultimately, students are the ones using these sustainability marketing materials to assist in their decision at which institution they will pursue their studies. The sheer volume of interpretations of the word sustainability with regards to higher education institution leaves ample room for potentially misguided initiatives or marketing. A universal system for assessing a higher educational institution’s sustainability has not been translated into a measurable reality. It is proposed that a universal system would help create a common understanding of sustainability within higher education institutions and would help in stakeholder understanding, institutional accountability and impactful application of sustainable initiatives. This research looked to answer if a holistic framework could be created that would aid stakeholders in reviewing a university’s level of sustainability. And, if so, if this vision of a fully sustainable university could be translated into a measurable reality. The research was approached in a structured way. Each chapter represents a published and peer-reviewed step towards addressing if a holistic framework could be created that would aid students in reviewing sustainability tools, assessments and marketing. The qualitative and quantitative conclusions from each chapter influenced the subsequent chapters, eventually leading to the creation and testing of two digital tools. The interpretations of these published chapters are found in the conclusion of this

  11. Promoting interdisciplinary project-based learning to build the skill sets for research and development of medical devices in academia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krishnan, Shankar

    2013-01-01

    The worldwide need for rapid expansion and diversification of medical devices and the corresponding requirements in industry pose arduous challenges for educators to train undergraduate biomedical engineering (BME) students. Preparing BME students for working in the research and development (R&D) in medical device industry is not easily accomplished by adopting traditional pedagogical methods. Even with the inclusion of the design and development elements in capstone projects, medical device industry may be still experience a gap in fulfilling their needs in R&D. This paper proposes a new model based on interdisciplinary project-based learning (IDPBL) to address the requirements of building the necessary skill sets in academia for carrying out R&D in medical device industry. The proposed model incorporates IDPBL modules distributed in a stepwise fashion through the four years of a typical BME program. The proposed model involves buy-in and collaboration from faculty as well as students. The implementation of the proposed design in an undergraduate BME program is still in process. However, a variant of the proposed IDPBL method has been attempted at a limited scale at the postgraduate level and has shown some success. Extrapolating the previous results, the adoption of the IDPBL to BME training seems to suggest promising outcomes. Despite numerous implementation challenges, with continued efforts, the proposed IDPBL will be valuable n academia for skill sets building for medical device R&D.

  12. Towards a shared worldview on e-skills: A discourse between government, industry and academia on the ICT skills paradox

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hossana Hossana Twinomurinzi

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available There is often criticism from industry that there are not enough ICT skilled professionals in the market, and that the situation may only be getting worse. On the other hand, some ICT graduates struggle to find jobs. This phenomenon is referred to as the ICT skills paradox. A recent panel at the 2015 South Africa Computer Lecturers Association (SACLA conference composed of leaders from industry, academia and government discussed their perspectives on the ICT skills paradox. The Habermasian goal of the panel, and the objective of this research, was to make sense of the paradox from the different sectors’ worldviews involved in ICT skills, and to identify mutually acceptable means of dealing with the paradox. The discourse of the panel session was analysed using techniques from grounded theory. There were three overarching findings; South Africa needs a formal accreditation body which is sensitive to and reflective of the unique local contexts; there is a need for a central coordinating agency on ICT skills between academia, government and industry; and rather than attempt to define ICT or ICT skills, efforts should be placed on embracing transdisciplinary practices. Based on the findings, the paper makes recommendations on how to deal with the contrasts, the dynamism of the ICT sector, and how the current ICT skills paradox could be resolved in South Africa and similar developing country contexts. The paper also makes a contribution to ICT theory on how to achieve consensus and implement ICT strategies from seemingly contradictory sectors using Habermas’ theory on social interactions.

  13. Too Many PhD Graduates or Too Few Academic Job Openings: The Basic Reproductive Number R0 in Academia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larson, Richard C; Ghaffarzadegan, Navid; Xue, Yi

    2014-01-01

    The academic job market has become increasingly competitive for PhD graduates. In this note, we ask the basic question of 'Are we producing more PhDs than needed?' We take a systems approach and offer a 'birth rate' perspective: professors graduate PhDs who later become professors themselves, an analogue to how a population grows. We show that the reproduction rate in academia is very high. For example, in engineering, a professor in the US graduates 7.8 new PhDs during his/her whole career on average, and only one of these graduates can replace the professor's position. This implies that in a steady state, only 12.8% of PhD graduates can attain academic positions in the USA. The key insight is that the system in many places is saturated, far beyond capacity to absorb new PhDs in academia at the rates that they are being produced. Based on the analysis, we discuss policy implications.

  14. Academic Entrepreneurship and Institutional Change in Historical Perspective

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wadhwani, R. Daniel; Galvez-Behar, Gabriel; Mercelis, Joris

    2017-01-01

    This article provides a historical perspective on academic entrepreneurship and its role in institutional change, and serves as an introduction to a special issue devoted to the subject. Unlike approaches that define academic entrepreneurship narrowly as the commercialization of academic research...... change, not only within the academic world but also in shaping the organization of markets and states. The article develops this argument in three major sections. First, it draws out themes implicit within the historiography of science and technology that highlight the role of entrepreneurship...... in reshaping academia and its relationship to society. Second, it establishes conceptual foundations for more explicitly examining the processes by which academic entrepreneurship acted as a driver of institutional change. Finally, it synthesizes the findings of the articles in the special issue pertaining...

  15. Happy Together? On Satisfaction in Czech Academia - A Response to Zábrodská et al.

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Vostal, Filip

    2017-01-01

    Roč. 53, č. 6 (2017), s. 935-944 ISSN 0038-0288 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GJ16-18371Y Institutional support: RVO:67985955 Keywords : higher education * critique * satisfaction * neoliberal ideology Subject RIV: AO - Sociology, Demography OBOR OECD: Sociology Impact factor: 0.143, year: 2016 http://sreview.soc.cas.cz/cs/issue/192-sociologicky-casopis-czech-sociological-review-6-2017/3766

  16. Software Past, Present, and Future: Views from Government, Industry and Academia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holcomb, Lee; Page, Jerry; Evangelist, Michael

    2000-01-01

    Views from the NASA CIO NASA Software Engineering Workshop on software development from the past, present, and future are presented. The topics include: 1) Software Past; 2) Software Present; 3) NASA's Largest Software Challenges; 4) 8330 Software Projects in Industry Standish Groups 1994 Report; 5) Software Future; 6) Capability Maturity Model (CMM): Software Engineering Institute (SEI) levels; 7) System Engineering Quality Also Part of the Problem; 8) University Environment Trends Will Increase the Problem in Software Engineering; and 9) NASA Software Engineering Goals.

  17. Communicating Geosciences with Policy-makers: a Grand Challenge for Academia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harrison, W. J.; Walls, M. R.; Boland, M. A.

    2015-12-01

    Geoscientists interested in the broader societal impacts of their research can make a meaningful contribution to policy making in our changing world. Nevertheless, policy and public decision making are the least frequently cited Broader Impacts in proposals and funded projects within NSF's Geosciences Directorate. Academic institutions can play a lead role by introducing this societal dimension of our profession to beginning students, and by enabling interdisciplinary research and promoting communication pathways for experienced career geoscientists. Within the academic environment, the public interface of the geosciences can be presented through curriculum content and creative programs. These include undergraduate minors in economics or public policy designed for scientists and engineers, and internships with policy makers. Federal research institutions and other organizations provide valuable policy-relevant experiences for students. Academic institutions have the key freedom of mission to tackle interdisciplinary research challenges at the interface of geoscience and policy. They develop long-standing relationships with research partners, including national laboratories and state geological surveys, whose work may support policy development and analysis at local, state, regional, and national levels. CSM's Payne Institute for Earth Resources awards mini-grants for teams of researchers to develop collaborative research efforts between engineering/science and policy researchers. Current work in the areas of nuclear generation and the costs of climate policy and on policy alternatives for capturing fugitive methane emissions are examples of work at the interface between the geosciences and public policy. With academic engagement, geoscientists can steward their intellectual output when non-scientists translate geoscience information and concepts into action through public policies.

  18. A biomedical adventurers' guide to navigating between careers in academia and industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Superti-Furga, Giulio

    2009-12-01

    An explosion of scientific and technological advances has broadened the field of biomedicine. Traditional boundaries between the public and private research sectors are now blurred by multidisciplinary projects and the necessity for new and more efficient models of the translational process. This allows the adventurous scientist to boldly and consciously sample selected skills during periods of secondment in different institutions and organizations, and to assemble a personal and unique blend of competences to help them manage their career.

  19. Institutional Priority for Diversity at Christian Institutions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paredes-Collins, Kristin

    2009-01-01

    This evaluative study explored the relationship between institutional priority for diversity and minority enrollment at four schools within the Council for Christian Colleges and Universities, a consortium of Christian institutions. This institutional evaluation utilized public resources in order to gather descriptive data on minority enrollment…

  20. Collaborating for a cause--Creating partnerships between IT and academia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cato, Jim; Abbott, Patricia

    2006-01-01

    An international nursing shortage is driving the redesign of nursing education curriculum. Providing nursing students with an opportunity for hands on use of advanced healthcare technology is critical to the development of highly competent nurses who are prepared not only to fully interact in the healthcare domain, but to also participate in its re-engineering via IT. The academic institution with an integrated IT solution in clinical simulation labs can become a place where students can learn the skills, understand the potential, participate in the selection and evaluation of software systems and eventually help to craft IT solutions that benefit both the patient and the practice of nursing and medicine. As the healthcare environment continues to change - pushing curricular redesign, the expectation that educators will increase the integration of IT into coursework and clinical experiences is increasing. The challenge however, is not only to educate the students, but to also educate faculty who often possess limited amounts of IT knowledge. Faculties, like students, have limited time and learning outcomes are enhanced when hands-on and practical educational opportunities are available. This presentation therefore will not only focus on the student; instead, the gestalt of integrated teaching/learning from faculty and student perspectives will be addressed. The challenges, including identifying partnership opportunities, identifying financial resources to support such partnerships, gaining institutional support, determining criteria to evaluate student performance, and strategies for engendering faculty support will be discussed, along with solutions on how they can be overcome. The presentation will also highlight the benefits of the partnership for both the institution and the industry vendor. The institution can benefit from the access to the vendor's software, hardware, and expertise. By using advanced clinical solutions in the classroom and hospital setting

  1. La intervención de la Real Academia de San Fernando en la protección del patrimonio : la Comisión de Valentín Carderera (1836

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rocío Calvo Martín

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available El pensamiento ilustrado motivó el nacimiento de la conciencia tutelar, en cuya evolución intervinieron de manera activa las Academias, órganos centralizadores de la protección patrimonial. A raíz de la definitiva desamortización del clero regular, la Real Academia de San Fernando desarrolló un papel fundamental en la formulación de su ordenamiento jurídico. Entre las primeras medidas adoptadas destaca el nombramiento de académicos como comisionados que inventariasen, clasificasen y recolectasen los objetos procedentes de las comunidades suprimidas para la formación de los museos públicos. Este estudio aborda tanto la labor llevada a cabo como los resultados obtenidos por Valentín Carderera como comisionado en Castilla la Vieja y el Reino de León.The Enlightenment caused the birth of guardianship awareness. Academies, as centralized institutions for the protection of heritage, were actively involved in its evolution. On the basis of the definitive disentailment of regular clergy property, the Royal Academy of San Fernando played a key role in the development of its legal framework. Concerning the first steps taken, stands out the appointment of academics as commissioners to inventory, classify and collect the objects from the removed communities to be part of the public museums. This study addresses both the work carried out and the results obtained by the commissioner Valentin Carderera in Old Castile and The Kingdom of Leon.

  2. ¿Un espacio para pensar alternativas? La academia latinoamericana de derecho internacional económico frente al orden económico global

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolás Marcelo Perrone

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Esta contribución tiene por objetivo analizar el rol de la academia latinoamericana de derecho internacional económico frente al orden económico global. Gran parte de los problemas que hoy sufren los latinoamericanos se vincula a la globalización económica. Condiciones laborales, acceso a medicamentos, uso de recursos naturales, entre otros, están íntimamente ligados al orden económico global. En el debate sobre estos problemas, no obstante, pocas veces se reconoce el rol fundamental que tiene la academia de derecho internacional económico. Si bien es cierto que el conocimiento articulado por la academia no es suficiente para explicar por qué los Estados actúan de cierta forma, quizás sea suficiente para entender por qué no actúan de otra manera. En este marco, el argumento central de esta contribución es que la academia de derecho internacional económico tiene un rol clave en la creación y reproducción del actual orden económico global. Si esto es correcto, la academia regional puede hacer más por Latinoamérica que servir de apoyo a las necesidades estatales, tanto de asesoría como de defensa de sus intereses en controversias legales. Al tomar conciencia de su rol constitutivo del orden económico global, la academia regional puede ser un medio fundamental para articular alternativas que permitan a Latinoamérica y su población encontrar su lugar en la globalización.

  3. Innovation in Neurosurgery: Intellectual Property Strategy and Academia/Industrial Collaboration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murayama, Yuichi

    2016-09-15

    Neurosurgery has tremendous possibilities for development of innovative medical devices. However, most of the neurosurgical devices used in Japan are imported products. Promotion and development of domestic medical devices is highly encouraged and it is one of the pillars of Prime Minister Shinzo Abe's growth strategy of Japanese economy. Innovative "Made in Japan" medical devices can be developed by interdisciplinary collaboration between industries and academic institutions. Proper orientation of medical and engineering education, social and administrative awareness of the need of facilitating the medical devices creative process with corresponding regulatory changes, and appropriate medical and technological infrastructure establishment are needed for stimulating medical device innovation.

  4. State University’s Institusional Repository as a Storage for Civitas Academia Intelectul Property

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dyah Puspitasari Srirahayu

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Many works - works the academic community that has not been published so that the intellectual property  of  an  educational  institution  is  not  widely  known  by  the  general  public.  Institutional repository  created  and  used  to  manage  the  results  of  these  works  that  can  be  accessed  by  all people.  This  study  aimed  to  describe  the  institutional  repository  of  high  perguruang  country  in Java  Timursebagai  container  to  the  intellectual  academic  community  views  of  content,  the software  used  unit  that  houses,  and  ratings  on  Webometrik.  This  study  uses  a  quantitative approach  with  descriptive  methods.  The  population  used  in  this  study  are  all  the  institutional repository of public universities in East Java, which already are online. The sampling technique is the total sampling. The results of this study found that 50% of state universities in East Java has an  IR that can be accessed via the internet, 100% of existing  IR content is scientific output, the software used various existing GDL, DSpace, Eprints and others, and IR state universities in Java East 66.7% was ranked in webometrik.

  5. Furthering critical institutionalism

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cleaver, Frances; Koning, De Jessica

    2015-01-01

    This special issue furthers the study of natural resource management from a critical institutional perspective. Critical institutionalism (CI) is a contemporary body of thought that explores how institutions dynamically mediate relationships between people, natural resources and society. It

  6. Os intelectuais da academia sobralense de estudos e letras – ASEL – e a invenção da cidade letrada (1943-1973)

    OpenAIRE

    MELO, Francisco Dênis

    2013-01-01

    O presente trabalho trata da invenção da cidade de Sobral - CE como cidade letrada, enobrecida e intelectual, a partir das atividades da Academia Sobralense de Estudos e Letras - ASEL, fundada em 1943, no influxo das mudanças perpetradas na cidade quando de seu aniversário de centenário em 1941. Nosso recorte temporal compreende o período que vai de 1943, data inicial da ASEL, até 1973, data em que se comemorou o bicentenário de Sobral, evento organizado pela Academia. Nesta perspectiva sã...

  7. Palabras del Señor Académico Don Jaime Posada Díaz. Director de la Academia Colombiana de la Lengua y Presidente del Colegio Máximo de las Academias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victoria Rodriguez

    1998-08-01

    Full Text Available

    Señora Ministra de Salud, doctora María Teresa Forero de Saade; señor Presidente, doctor Gilberto Rueda Pérez; señor Presidente de la Corporación, doctor José Félix Patiño; señores miembros salientes y electos de las Mesas Directivas; señores Presidentes de las Academias y Sociedades que integran el Colegio Máximo; señores Exministros de Estado, miembros del Cuerpo Diplomático; señor Presidente de la Cruz Roja Nacional, doctor Guillermo Rueda Montaña; señores Académicos y Rectores Universitarios, señores profesores, amigos todos:

    En razón de la trascendencia de la convocatoria de esta noche y dada la presencia de los miembros de la Junta Directiva, el Colegio Máximo de las Academias ha resuelto que la jornada de esta noche sea la primera reunión plenaria del Colegio en el trimestre inicial de 1998.

    Se posesionan hoy el Presidente y la nueva Junta Directiva de la Academia Nacional de Medicina integrada por los doctores José Félix Patiño Restrepo, Presidente; Juan Mendoza-Vega, Vicepresidente; Hernando Groot Liévano, Secretario Perpetuo; Joaquín Silva Silva, Secretario General y Hernando Forero Caballero, Tesorero.

    En representación del Colegio Máximo de las Academias Colombianas, les doy una cordial y merecida bienvenida y felicito a la Academia Nacional de Medicina por el afortunado escogimiento.

    Simultáneamente me corresponde agradecer al Presidente y a la Junta que terminan, y que en anteriores ocasiones fueron reelegidos, agradecer la activa y provechosa colaboración que prestaron a las tareas del Colegio Máximo los doctores Gilberto Rueda Pérez, Presidente, Roberto de Zubiría, Vicepresidente; Hernando Groot, Secretario Perpetuo; Zoilo Cuéllar, Secretario y Gonzalo López, Tesorero, merecen la gratitud por la buena voluntad creativa que mostraron en todo momento.

    Al doctor Gilberto Rueda Pérez le correspondió una gestión de altísimas responsabilidades, no sólo en la

  8. Challenges and opportunities for medications development in alcoholism: an international perspective on collaborations between academia and industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Bankole A; Mann, Karl; Willenbring, Mark L; Litten, Raye Z; Swift, Robert M; Lesch, Otto M; Berglund, Mats

    2005-08-01

    This article represents the proceedings of a symposium presented at the 12th Congress of the International Society for Biomedical Research on Alcoholism held in Heidelberg/Mannheim, Germany, on September 30, 2004. The organizers and cochairs were Bankole A. Johnson, DSc, MD, PhD, and Karl Mann, MD. The presentations included the following: (1) A Perspective from Academia, by Bankole A. Johnson, DSc, MD, PhD; (2) A Perspective from NIAAA, by Mark L. Willenbring, MD; (3) A Perspective from US Clinical Practice, by Robert M. Swift, MD, PhD; (4) A European Perspective on Medications Development, by Otto M. Lesch, MD, PhD, and (5) A Scandinavian Perspective on Evidence-Based Addiction Treatment, by Mats Berglund, MD.

  9. The path to producing pharmaceuticals from natural products uncovered by academia-from the perspective of a science coordinator.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fujie, Akihiko

    2017-01-01

    To actualize the invention of all-Japanese medicines, the Department of Innovative Drug Discovery and Development (iD3) in the Japan Agency for Medical Research and Development (AMED) serves as the headquarters for the Drug Discovery Support Network. iD3 assists with creating research strategies for the seeds of medicines discovered by academia and provides technological support, intellectual property management, and aid for applying the seeds through industry-led efforts. In this review, from the perspective of a science coordinator, I will describe the current activities of the drug discovery support network and iD3 as well as the challenges and future developments of pharmaceutical research and development using the natural product drug discovery method.

  10. O papel da academia brasileira de neurologia no ensino da neurologia uma visão pessoal

    OpenAIRE

    Marco Aurélio Lana-Peixoto

    1991-01-01

    A Academia Brasileira de Neurologia (ABN) tem demonstrado crescente interesse pelo ensino da neurologia, tanto na graduação quanto na residência médica. Ela deve definir o padrão da prática da neurologia no país, traçar o perfil de competência mínima do neurologista, determinar a competência mínima em neurologia do médico não-neurologista, desenvolver suas próprias atividades de ensino, e definir e propiciar o desenvolvimento das qualidades humanísticas desejáveis no neurologista. A ABN deve ...

  11. Attracting Students to the Earth Sciences: an Example of Individual and Collective Outreach Efforts by Industry, Academia and Secondary Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bank, C.; Jackson, D.; Hymers, L.

    2009-05-01

    Too few Canadian high-school students are pursuing post-secondary studies and career opportunities in the Earth Sciences. Given Canada's wealth of renewable and non-renewable resources and their importance to society, it is imperative that all students become literate in the Earth Sciences, and that they are encouraged to pursue career opportunities in the many fields that comprise the Earth Sciences. To achieve these goals, a number of outreach efforts by members of industry, academia and secondary education have been initiated in Canada. We outline here an example of our own collaboration in one such program directed not only at students, but also at primary and secondary teachers, university faculty, industry representatives and government officials. Our program has achieved significant results, and so will continue. Others interested in increasing the profile of the Earth Sciences will be are encouraged to explore such new outreach approaches.

  12. Plasma Physics Research at an Undergraduate Institution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Padalino, Stephen

    2007-11-01

    Undergraduate research experiences have motivated many physics majors to continue their studies at the graduate level. The Department of Physics and Astronomy at SUNY Geneseo, a primarily undergraduate institution, recognizes this simple reality and is committed to ensuring research opportunities are available to interested majors beginning as early as their freshman year. Every year for more than a decade, as many as two dozen students and 8 faculty members have worked on projects related to high energy density physics and inertial confinement fusion during the summer months and the academic year. By working with their research sponsors, it has been possible to identify an impressive number of projects suitable for an institution such as Geneseo. These projects tend to be hands-on and require teamwork and innovation to be successful. They also take advantage of in-house capabilities such as the 2 MV tandem pelletron accelerator, a scanning electron microscope, a duoplasmatron ion deposition system and a 64 processor computing cluster. The end products of their efforts are utilized at the sponsoring facilities in support of nationally recognized programs. In this talk, I will discuss a number of these projects and point out what made them attractive and appropriate for an institution like Geneseo, the direct and indirect benefits of the research opportunities for the students and faculty, and how the national programs benefited from the cost-effective use of undergraduate research. In addition, I will discuss the importance of exposure for both students and faculty mentors to the larger scientific community through posters presentations at annual meetings such as the DPP and DNP. Finally, I will address the need for even greater research opportunities for undergraduate students in the future and the importance of establishing longer ``educational pipelines'' to satisfy the ever growing need for top-tier scientists and engineers in industry, academia and the

  13. Institutional Logics in Action

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lounsbury, Michael; Boxenbaum, Eva

    2013-01-01

    This double volume presents state-of-the-art research and thinking on the dynamics of actors and institutional logics. In the introduction, we briefly sketch the roots and branches of institutional logics scholarship before turning to the new buds of research on the topic of how actors engage ins...... prolific stream of research on institutional logics by deepening our insight into the active use of institutional logics in organizational action and interaction, including the institutional effects of such (inter)actions....

  14. Serwisy społecznościowe dla naukowców (SSN) na przykładzie Researchgate i Academia.edu

    OpenAIRE

    Rozkosz, Ewa A.

    2014-01-01

    Artykuł ma na celu przedstawienie wybranych funkcji serwisów społecznościowych dla naukowców (SSN). Dokonano analizy dwóch najpopularniejszych serwisów: ResearchGate oraz Academia.edu. Ewa Rozkosz

  15. [Clinical guides in Mexico, emission of the Academia Mexicana de Cirugia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sánchez-González, Jorge M; Tena-Tamayo, Carlos; Díaz-González, Norma Juárez; Vargas-Domínguez, Armando; Rivera-Cisneros, Antonio; Lozano-Alcázar, Jaime

    2004-01-01

    Today, these exist worldwide organizations related with the practice of medicine that are interested in marking recommendations and in formulating guidelines for better performance of physicians and health professionals. These organizations are headed by universities, associations, colleges, research center, and work groups and are made up of well-known physicians with academic prestige from the private and public sectors. This report presents a brief overview concerning the development of three clinical guides related with illnesses frequently observed in the physician's office: rhinosinusitis gastroesophageal reflux diseases (GERD), and prostate benign hyperplasia. These guides are issued by one of the most important academic institutions in the country. In the above-mentioned works, the efforts of specialist who are opinion leaders in these topics form different states of the country converge. Likewise, critical points to consider for producing clinical guides are provided mechanisms of diffusion, consultation, feedback and updating of these documents, have already been provided and focus on national medical practice quality of services, and the manner in which to carry out diagnosis and therapy at the different levels of medical care, with emphasis on preventing complications.

  16. Cybersecurity Implications for Industry, Academia, and Parents: A Qualitative Case Study in NSF STEM Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stevenson, Gregory V.

    Rationale: Former President Barack Obama's 3.9 trillion for the 2015 fiscal year budget request included a 2.9 billion investment in Science, Technology, Engineering and Math (STEM) education. Research then showed that the national spending for cybersecurity has exceeded $10.7 billion in the 2015 fiscal year. Nonetheless, the number of cyberattacks has risen year after year since 2012, potentially due to the lack of education and training in cybersecurity. Methodology: A qualitative case study research was conducted to explore and investigate the lived professional experiences of experts from San Antonio Texas whose efforts were aligned to increase the number of qualified cybersecurity professionals. To qualify the organizational needs for cybersecurity professionals, the study gathered expert opinions by surveying human resource managers pertaining to the needs of cybersecurity education. To refine and further validate data collection efforts, the study involved researcher observations and a survey of a narrow cohort to perform analytic induction to eliminate bias and exhaust the exploratory research (Maxwell, 2005). Result: The findings of the case study will: 1) help augment the importance of cybersecurity education in pre-kindergarten through 12th grade, 2) be utilized as a single guide for school leaders in the process of developing cybersecurity education strategies, and 3) in the longer term, be used by the National Sciences Foundation (NSF) as an effective model to institute cybersecurity education practices nationwide and thereby reduce the existing trouble of the nation by criminal cyber actors.

  17. Unequal ‘Partners’. AIDS, Academia, and the Rise of Global Health

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johanna T. Crane

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The last decade has seen the proliferation of “global health” departments, centers, programs, and majors across top research universities in North America and Europe. This trend has been particularly pronounced in the United States, where it is connected to America′s new role as a major sponsor of HIV treatment in Africa. This paper describes the rise of “global health” as a research, funding, and training priority within U.S. academic medicine, and the increasing desirability of “global health partnerships” with institutions in sub-Saharan Africa. Leading spokespersons emphasize that “partnership” with poor nations is central to the mission of global health, an ethic that distinguishes it from older, more paternalistic traditions of international health and tropical medicine. However, at the same time, the field of academic global health depends on steep inequalities for its very existence, as it is the opportunity to work in impoverished, low-tech settings with high disease burdens that draws North American researchers and clinicians to global health programs and ensures their continued funding. This paradox – in which inequality is both a form of suffering to be redressed and a professional, knowledge-generating, opportunity to be exploited – makes the partnerships to which global health aspires particularly challenging.

  18. Evaluation and Development of E-Learning Tools and Methods in Digital Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing for Non Experts from Academia and Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gülch, E.; Al-Ghorani, N.; Quedenfeldt, B.; Braun, J.

    2012-07-01

    There does already exist a wide variety of tutorials and on-line courses on Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing very often used in academia. Many of them are still rather static and tedious or target high-knowledge learners. E-learning is, however, increasingly applied by many organizations and companies for life-long learning (like e.g. the EduServ courses of EuroSDR), but also for training of resellers and in order to save the expenses and time of travelling. A new issue of this project when taking into account the ethnic mentality in some countries like Saudi Arabia where it is impossible to mix the females and males at any institution type or for instance to teach ladies by a male teacher face to face, many academic workshops have been done separately twice by foreign organizations to adapt this situation. This paper will focus on these issues and present experiences gathered from a Master Thesis on "E-learning in Digital Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing for Non Experts using Moodle" at HFT Stuttgart in co-operation with a software vendor and a reseller and experiences from a current European Tempus IV project GIDEC (Geographic information technology for sustainable development in Eastern neighouring countries). The aim of this research is to provide an overview on available methods and tools and classify and judge their feasibility for the above mentioned scenarios. A more detailed description is given on the development of e-learning applications for Digital Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing using the open source package Moodle as platform. A first item covers the experiences from setting up and handling of Moodle for non-experts. The major emphasis is then on developing and analyzing some few case studies for lectures, exercises, and software training in the fields of Digital Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing. Feedback from students and company staff will be evaluated and incorporated in an improved design and sample implementation. A further focus is on free

  19. EVALUATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF E-LEARNING TOOLS AND METHODS IN DIGITAL PHOTOGRAMMETRY AND REMOTE SENSING FOR NON EXPERTS FROM ACADEMIA AND INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Gülch

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available There does already exist a wide variety of tutorials and on-line courses on Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing very often used in academia. Many of them are still rather static and tedious or target high-knowledge learners. E-learning is, however, increasingly applied by many organizations and companies for life-long learning (like e.g. the EduServ courses of EuroSDR, but also for training of resellers and in order to save the expenses and time of travelling. A new issue of this project when taking into account the ethnic mentality in some countries like Saudi Arabia where it is impossible to mix the females and males at any institution type or for instance to teach ladies by a male teacher face to face, many academic workshops have been done separately twice by foreign organizations to adapt this situation. This paper will focus on these issues and present experiences gathered from a Master Thesis on "E-learning in Digital Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing for Non Experts using Moodle" at HFT Stuttgart in co-operation with a software vendor and a reseller and experiences from a current European Tempus IV project GIDEC (Geographic information technology for sustainable development in Eastern neighouring countries. The aim of this research is to provide an overview on available methods and tools and classify and judge their feasibility for the above mentioned scenarios. A more detailed description is given on the development of e-learning applications for Digital Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing using the open source package Moodle as platform. A first item covers the experiences from setting up and handling of Moodle for non-experts. The major emphasis is then on developing and analyzing some few case studies for lectures, exercises, and software training in the fields of Digital Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing. Feedback from students and company staff will be evaluated and incorporated in an improved design and sample implementation. A

  20. El sistema de acreditación del profesorado a través del Programa ACADEMIA: Evolución y cambios

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ortiz-de-Urbina-Criado, Marta

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The ACADEMIA Program analyses the profile of Spanish professors for achieve the positive evaluation to will be Associate Professor or Full Professor of Spanish universities (national accreditation. This article analyzes the evolution and changes that have occurred in the Academy Program. For this purpose, a comparative analysis of two versions of this document is carried out: “Principles and Guidelines 2008” and “Principles and Guidelines 2.0”. This analysis shows that the main novelties introduced the second version of the ACADEMIA Program are threefold: 1 the merits are added in large blocks, 2 to avoid the accumulation of merits irrelevant, limiting the number of activities in some sections and, 3 to eliminate the fork between research and knowledge transfer, increasing the potential importance of the relative merits of transfer activities.

    El Programa ACADEMIA para la acreditación nacional tiene como objetivo evaluar el perfil de los solicitantes para el acceso a los cuerpos de funcionarios docentes universitarios. En este artículo se analiza la evolución y los cambios que se han producido en el Programa ACADEMIA. Para ello, se realiza un análisis comparativo de las dos versiones: “Principios y Orientaciones 2008” y “Principios y Orientaciones 2.0”. Este análisis muestra que las principales diferencias que presenta la segunda versión del Programa ACADEMIA son tres: 1 se agregan los méritos en grandes bloques, b se trata de evitar la acumulación de méritos irrelevantes, limitándose el número de aportaciones en algunos apartados y, 3 se elimina la horquilla entre investigación y transferencia de conocimiento, aumentando la importancia que pueden tener los méritos relativos a las actividades de transferencia.

  1. Transparent collaboration between industry and academia can serve unmet patient need and contribute to reproductive public health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    D'Hooghe, Thomas

    2017-08-01

    The pharmaceutical and device industry has greatly contributed to diagnostic and therapeutic approaches in reproductive medicine in a very highly regulated environment, ensuring that development and manufacturing follow the highest standards. In spite of these achievements, collaboration between industry and physicians/academia is often presented in a negative context. However, today more than ever, partnership between industry and academia is needed to shorten the timeline between innovation and application, and to achieve faster access to better diagnostics, drugs and devices for the benefit of patients and society, based on complementary knowledge, skills and expertise. Such partnerships can include joined preclinical/clinical and post-marketing research and development, joint intellectual property, and joint revenue. In Europe, the transparency of this collaboration between pharmaceutical industry and medical doctors has been made possible by the Compliance and Disclosure Policy published by the European Federation of Pharmaceutical Industries and Associations (EFPIA), which represents the major pharmaceutical companies operating in Europe, and includes as members some but not all companies active in infertility and women's health. Under the EFPIA Disclosure Code of conduct, companies need to disclose transfers of value including amounts, activity type and the names of the recipient Health Care Professionals and Organizations. EFPIA member companies have also implemented very strict internal quality control processes and procedures in the design, statistical analysis, reporting, publication and communication of clinical research, according to Good Clinical Practice and other regulations, and are regularly inspected by competent authorities such as the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) or European Medicines Agency (EMA) for all trials used in marketing authorization applications. The risk of scientific bias exists not only in the pharmaceutical industry but

  2. PREMIO NACIONAL A LA INVESTIGACIÓN EN CIENCIAS MÉDICAS. Academia Nacional de Medicina, Laboratorios Abbott

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Malagón Londoño

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available

    Presidente

    Una vez más cumplimos uno de los objetivos primordiales de la Academia, cual es: estimular la investigación entre los profesionales de la salud residentes en Colombia y premiar la excelencia de quienes se hayan destacado con trabajos originales e inéditos en los campos de las ciencias clínicas y de las áreas básicas. A la convocatoria abierta para el concurso fue sorprendente y grato para esta Academia recibir una respuesta positiva de más de 100 profesionales estudiosos y consagrados a la investigación quienes por la importancia de los temas y el manejo metodológico, serio y responsable científicamente, llevaron al jurado calificador a una difícil selección de los mejores, para lo cual la preselección inicial de los 50, propició la más cuidadosa y ardua labor, habida cuenta de la sobresaliente calidad de los trabajos presentados.

    Esto condujo a una primera conclusión: la del progreso en las características de excelencia de los investigadores colombianos y luego a la de la seriedad con que respondieron a la convocatoria. Por lo mismo la labor del Coordinador del concurso y de todo el equipo de reconocidos profesionales que integraron el grupo calificador resultó ardua y en extremo difícil; solo el altruismo, la consagración y la experiencia del Académico Hernando Groot Liévano y la seriedad, el conocimiento y dedicación del grupo de expertos que lo secundó para la evaluación cualitativa, permitió que los trabajos presentados fueran analizados exhaustivamente, para culminar el proceso de selección y cumplir el cronograma dispendioso para llegar a esta fecha solemne de entrega de los premios.

    Debo reconocer con gratitud a nombre de la Academia no solo la ejemplar dedicación del coordinador y los examinadores, sino la colaboración de los Laboratorios Abbott; estos demostraron laudable compromiso con las disciplinas del conocimiento, lo cual explica el apoyo solidario

  3. Institutional pressures and HRM: developing institutional fit

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boon, C.; Paauwe, J.; Boselie, P.; den Hartog, D.

    2009-01-01

    Purpose - Research in strategic human resource management (HRM) has focused mainly on the effects of HRM practices or systems on organizational effectiveness. However, institutional theory argues that besides being financially successful, organizations also need legitimacy to survive. Owing to the

  4. Aiming at Excellence as Our Science Evolves Amidst the Bumpiness of Modern Academia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Furbish, D. J.

    2005-12-01

    The health and stature of an academic department are strongly influenced by how its vision and mission mesh with those of the college/school and university. Aiming at this alignment is a continuous process, as it typically involves engaging competing interests and disparate world views of all participants, and is punctuated by weighty, albeit academically normal, events with varying recurrence intervals. For example, the typical (35-year) career faculty member in the U.S. will, on average, see 8.8 department chair (re)appointments, experience 7.8 academic deans and 5.3 presidents/chancellors, be eligible for 5 sabbaticals, hear about if not undergo 3.5 NRC ranking processes, contribute to 1.8 curriculum revisions at the college/school level and to one major curriculum revision at the department level, participate in at least N - 1 faculty searches and at least 0.8N tenure reviews (where N is faculty size, assumed to be steady), and see about one full turnover of the department faculty. If affiliated with a program where securing external funding is expected, this typical academician will with luck participate, on average, in at least 11.7 external grants. These events are sources of both inertia and acceleration, stability and instability; they are triggers of change as well as tools of change. Moreover, geoscience departments in particular are facing the need to reexamine their missions in response to the rapidly evolving scope of our science -- within the context of institutional pressures driven by changing student interests, prioritization in allocation of resources, changes in emphasis on educational level, and changing societal expectations of education. No steady states exist. Strength comes in aiming at a vision centered on agreed-upon principles of excellence that possess long time constants, using shorter recurrence-interval events as tools for tuning to this vision. Important examples occur in curriculum development/revision, hiring and mentoring

  5. Knowing One's Place: Parental Educational Background Influences Social Identification with Academia, Test Anxiety, and Satisfaction with Studying at University.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janke, Stefan; Rudert, Selma C; Marksteiner, Tamara; Dickhäuser, Oliver

    2017-01-01

    -generation status may not be sufficient to fully understand the importance of parental educational background for students' well-being. More specifically, continuing-generation students might reap benefits from their parental educational background. These benefits widen the social gap in academia in addition to the disadvantages of students with first-generation status. In sum, understanding the benefits of continuing-generation status has important implications for interventions aiming to reduce social class gaps in academia.

  6. FPG Child Development Institute

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Development, Teaching, and Learning The Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute will partner with Zero to Three to ... Center October 6, 2017 More Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute The University of North Carolina at Chapel ...

  7. Furthering critical institutionalism

    OpenAIRE

    Cleaver, F.; De Koning, J.

    2015-01-01

    This special issue furthers the study of natural resource management from a critical institutional perspective. Critical institutionalism (CI) is a contemporary body of thought that explores how institutions dynamically mediate relationships between people, natural resources and society. It focuses on the complexity of institutions entwined in everyday social life, their historical formation, the interplay between formal and informal, traditional and modern arrangements, and the power relatio...

  8. Canadian institute honours Hawking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Durrani, Matin

    2009-11-01

    The Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics in Waterloo, Canada, has announced that a major new extension to its campus will be known as the Stephen Hawking Centre. The extension, which is currently being built, is due to open in 2011 and will double the size of the institute. It will also provide a home for the institute's Masters students, the first of whom joined the Perimeter Institute this autumn as part of its Perimeter Scholars international programme.

  9. University of Washington's eScience Institute Promotes New Training and Career Pathways in Data Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stone, S.; Parker, M. S.; Howe, B.; Lazowska, E.

    2015-12-01

    Rapid advances in technology are transforming nearly every field from "data-poor" to "data-rich." The ability to extract knowledge from this abundance of data is the cornerstone of 21st century discovery. At the University of Washington eScience Institute, our mission is to engage researchers across disciplines in developing and applying advanced computational methods and tools to real world problems in data-intensive discovery. Our research team consists of individuals with diverse backgrounds in domain sciences such as astronomy, oceanography and geology, with complementary expertise in advanced statistical and computational techniques such as data management, visualization, and machine learning. Two key elements are necessary to foster careers in data science: individuals with cross-disciplinary training in both method and domain sciences, and career paths emphasizing alternative metrics for advancement. We see persistent and deep-rooted challenges for the career paths of people whose skills, activities and work patterns don't fit neatly into the traditional roles and success metrics of academia. To address these challenges the eScience Institute has developed training programs and established new career opportunities for data-intensive research in academia. Our graduate students and post-docs have mentors in both a methodology and an application field. They also participate in coursework and tutorials to advance technical skill and foster community. Professional Data Scientist positions were created to support research independence while encouraging the development and adoption of domain-specific tools and techniques. The eScience Institute also supports the appointment of faculty who are innovators in developing and applying data science methodologies to advance their field of discovery. Our ultimate goal is to create a supportive environment for data science in academia and to establish global recognition for data-intensive discovery across all fields.

  10. Social Pedagogy in South Africa: holding the tension between academia and activism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Astrid Von Kotze

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available ‘Social pedagogy’ is not a familiar term in South Africa. Instead, everything to do with education outside or beyond schooling is subsumed under ‘adult education’. Community education or alterna- tives are generally known as ‘radical’ or ‘popular’ education’ concerned with social, economic and political transformation. Based on the pedagogy of Paulo Freire and participatory development paradigms these are rooted in the mass democratic struggles against apartheid. This paper is based on extensive research by the authors as participant observers and activists, conducted over many years into university-based adult education on the one hand, and praxis outside academic institutions, on the other. The authors have a his- tory of engagement in worker education, and key elements of education in the non-racial trade union move- ment as one of the most important organised forces of internal political resistance are suggested as informing curricula of university-based adult education.Since 1994 and the change to democracy, adult education departments in universities have increasingly been eroded or disappeared as separate departments or programmes. Like elsewhere in the north, we have witnessed the undermining and increased professionalization and institutionalization of adult education across contexts – and with it a marked reduction in radical outlook and purpose. However, the method- ological approach has remained committed to participation and dialogue, and, with the waning of commu- nity-based students who bring with them extensive experience from the field, there is a consistent emphasis on other, practice-based knowledges through guest educators, and by sending students to design and con- duct research and small interventions, at community level.Popular education outside the university takes numerous forms, and as an 18-month research project has shown, there are still many initiatives that target members of working class

  11. Astronomical Institute of Athens

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murdin, P.

    2000-11-01

    The Astronomical Institute of Athens is the oldest research institute of modern Greece (it faces the Parthenon). The Astronomical Institute (AI) of the National Observatory of Athens (NOA) started its observational projects in 1847. The modern computer and research center are housed at the Penteli Astronomical Station with major projects and international collaborations focused on extragalactic ...

  12. What are Institutional Logics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berg Johansen, Christina; Waldorff, Susanne Boch

    as change and agency generated by friction between logics. We use these topics as basis for an analysis of selected empirical papers, with the aim of understanding how institutional logics contribute to institutional theory at large, and which social matters institutional logics can and cannot explore...

  13. Homenaje Póstumo a Don Pedro Laín Entralgo. Exordio del Director de la Academia Colombiana de la Lengua.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaime Posada

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available

    Luis María Ansón, escritor y miembro de la Real Academia evoca a uno de los grandes intelectuales españoles del siglo XX en los siguientes términos:
    «Desde la alta lejanísima cumbre de sus 93 años, la mirada joven y el pensamiento profundo, don Pedro Laín Entralgo era, incluso en las últimas semanas cuando llegaba a la Academia en su silla de ruedas, la imagen de la sabiduría, de la liberalidad, del equilibrio, la moderación y la ternura».
    Para definir al siglo XX Laín eligió tres nombres:
    Einstein, Chaplin y Picasso. Esa elección revela al humanista profundo con una denominación común en sus libros, el esfuerzo para comprender no para juzgar y con la independencia intelectual, con la preocupación permanente de España como problema, la España incierta que hería todos los días la inteligencia penetrante de Laín Entralgo.
    La Academia Colombiana de la Lengua hizo individuo Honorario a este visionario excepcional. El Director de la Corporación y el Secretario Perpetuo le entregamos su diploma en la rotonda de la Real Academia en Madrid, en acto solemne, certificaba así con este concurso las firmes afinidades de las dos instituciones, la española y la colombiána.
    Por todo ello, la más antigua de las Academias Hispanoamericanas de la Lengua, interpretando plenamente a las demás, quiso dedicar esta ceremonia a Don Pedro Laín Entralgo e invitar conjuntamente a la Academia Nacional de Medicina a que participáramos en esta tarea sobresaliente con la presencia de su Presidente el Doctor José Félix Patiño, el Académico Fernando Sánchez Torres y el Rector de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Se quiso así subrayar otro de los rasgos válidos de Laín Entralgo, el de médico, hombre de ciencia y rector universitario...

  14. The impact of work-life balance on intention to stay in academia: Results from a national survey of pharmacy faculty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindfelt, Tristan; Ip, Eric J; Gomez, Alejandra; Barnett, Mitchell J

    2018-04-01

    Border-Crossing theory suggests work-life balance and career satisfaction are inter-related and disappointment in work-life balance may predict changes in one's career path. Application of this theory to health profession faculty is plausible but has not been fully explored. The purpose of this study is to examine factors related to reported career change intention among United States pharmacy school faculty and to determine if Border-Crossing theory fits these observations. Results from a national web-based survey administered via Qualtrics ® to American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy (AACP) members were utilized. Bivariate analyses were conducted to compare differences among faculty stating an intention to stay or leave academia. A logistic multivariate model was used to determine if work-life balance remains significant when controlling for other variables and if survey results support the Border-Crossing theory. Nearly all (seven hundred of 811 responders, or 86.3%) stated a desire to stay in academia. Faculty with higher work-life balance were more likely to report an intent to remain in academia. Male, older, full-professor and non-pharmacy practice faculty (social or administrative science, pharmacology, medicinal chemistry and others) were more likely to state an intention to remain in academia relative to their counterparts. Lower stress, as measured by the validated Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) scores, was seen among faculty stating a desire to remain in academia. Work-life balance remained significantly inversely related to career change intention after controlling for all other factors. A significant factor related to pharmacy faculty's stated intention to remain in academia was work-life balance. Other factors such as gender, age, rank, stress level and department may also play a role. These results support the application of the Border-Crossing theory in health profession faculty and may provide pharmacy school administrators and stakeholders

  15. Implementing a Randomized Controlled Trial through a Community-Academia Partnered Participatory Research: Arte con Salud Research-Informed Intervention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noboa-Ortega, Patricia; Figueroa-Cosme, Wanda I; Feldman-Soler, Alana; Miranda-Díaz, Christine

    2017-06-01

    "Arte con Salud" is an HIV/AIDS prevention intervention tailored for Puerto Rican women who have sex with men. The intervention curriculum was refined through a community-academic collaboration between Taller Salud, the UPRCayey Campus, and the UCC-School of Medicine, subsided in 2012-13 by PRCTRC. The collaboration has been crucial to validate the impact of using art as a tool to facilitate sexual negotiation skills and safer sexual practices among adult women have sex with men participating in HIV prevention education. This article describes the vision, valley, victory phases endured to establish a community-academia partnership based on the CPPR framework as an effective mean to implement a randomized controlled trial intervention (RCT). We also discuss the barriers, outcomes, and lessons learned from this partnership. Some of the identified solutions include: setting goals to secure funding, regular meetings, and the inclusion of undergraduate level students to assist in the implementation of the intervention. These solutions helped to build trust among the community and academic partners. As a result of this collaboration, a total of 86 participants were enrolled and 5 competitive research grants have been submitted. The community-academic collaboration was essential in order to build a solid research infrastructure that addresses the complexities of HIV prevention education among groups of Puerto Rican women.

  16. O pesquisador-médico: da academia às parcerias The physician-scientist: from academy to partnerships

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Csillag

    1999-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Ilustrar as mudanças na academia e na indústria que estão levando a uma transformação no perfil do pesquisador-médico. MÉTODO E RESULTADOS: Foram pesquisados dados de literatura, fontes primárias e experiência dos próprios autores. CONCLUSÃO: O mercado de trabalho passa a procurar um pesquisador-médico mais adequado a orientar as pesquisas em função de objetivos centrados nos pacientes e em doenças num relacionamento universidade-indústria.OBJECTIVES: To illustrate the changes in academy and in industry that are reshaping the profile of the physician-scientist. METHODS AND RESULTS: Data were extracted from the literature and from primary sources as well as from the authors' own experiences CONCLUSIONS: Within an academy-industry relationship, the market demands a physician-scientist best suited to orient research activities towards patient-oriented and disease-oriented goals.

  17. Relações federativas no Programa Academia da Saúde: estudo de dois municípios paulistas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Henrique dos Santos Mota

    Full Text Available O objetivo é a análise das relações federativas na implementação do Programa Academia da Saúde em municípios do estado de São Paulo. Realizado estudo de caso com análise documental e entrevistas semiestruturadas; utilizou-se o referencial teórico do ciclo da política. Observou-se indução direta do Ministério da Saúde no município por meio da normalização, dos interesses políticos e do incentivo financeiro. A participação dos estados é burocrática e restrita à Comissão Intergestora Bipartite. Municípios são financeiramente dependentes para implementação. Não se observa possibilidade concreta de adaptação às realidades locais.

  18. The Role of the Jesuit University in the Evolving “Innovation Triangle” of Business, Government, and Academia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Brancatelli

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to suggest a role for Jesuit universities to play in the evolving collaboration among business, government, and academia. Specifically, this paper will identify an “innovation triangle” whose aim is the creation of innovative ways to meet the challenges of a global economy. For purposes of the International Association of Jesuit Business Schools 2015 Conference in Montevideo, Uruguay, the subject area is “Jesuit inspiration at the university level: business challenges.” Our methodology consists of evaluating the role of Jesuit universities through the case study of a conference organized by the presenters of this paper. Although not actually held, the conference was scheduled to take place at Unisinos Business School in São Leopoldo, Brazil. Entitled “Doing Brazil in Brazil,” it involved a new structure in which participants were to work alongside government officials, university faculty, and students while exploring the ethical dimensions of foreign investment and business in Brazil. This was to have been done in conjunction with a techpark adjacent to the university.

  19. Entre la academia y el mercado Between academy and market. Universities in the capitalism context based in knowledge

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Montserrat Galceran Huguet

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available

    En el presente texto exploro la crítica a la Universidad- Academia contenida en los análisis de los sociólogos Pierre Bourdieu y Jean Claude Passeron, así como los análisis, también críticos de la Universidad-Empresa formulados por Stanley Aronowitz y los investigadores del llamado capitalismo académico. Pongo en relación estas críticas con los movimientos estudiantiles y profesionales de los años 70. Asimismo las  utilizo para problematizar el actual proceso de transformación de la Universidad europea, conocido como Proceso Bolonia.

    In this paper I am exploring the criticism of the University-Academy contained in the books of sociologists Pierre Bourdieu and Jean Claude Passeron, and I analyze the also critical approaches to the University-Corporation in the work of Stanley Aronowitz and other academic researchers of the so called “academic capitalism”. I place these criticisms in relation to professional and student movements of the 70. I use them by the questioning of the ongoing transformation of the European University, known as Bologna Process.

  20. AGRUPAMENTO DE FUNCIONÁRIOS BASEADO NO BIG FIVE MODEL EM UM PROJETO DE FRANQUIA DE ACADEMIAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michel Anzanello

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available O aumento da concorrência especificamente no setor de serviços faz com que as empresas procurem melhores práticas gerenciais. Nesse contexto, técnicas de clusterização vêm ganhando espaço para identificar ações que se adequem melhor aos perfis dos colaboradores. Além disso, técnicas da Psicologia Pessoal, especialmente a área de análise de personalidade tem ampla aplicação em estudos e empresas. O presente artigo aborda a clusterização por k-means e Fuzzy C-Means, avaliados através do Silhouette Index (SI, além da análise de componentes principais das amostras em uma loja de um projeto de franquia de academia. As amostras foram caracterizadas tanto por características sócio-demográficas e sua relação com a empresa, bem como seus escores nos testes de personalidade baseados no FFM. Os resultados indicam a formação dois grupos que se diferenciam especialmente em idade, tempo de empresa, salário e cargo, além de acompanhar os maiores escores no FFM. Os clusters formados foram analisados gerencialmente, possibilitando a proposição de ações para cada grupo.

  1. TEACHING COMPETENCES ACCORDING TO PROFESSIONALS WHO MADE A TRANSITION FROM THE CORPORATE WORLD TO THE ACADEMIA: A LONGITUDINAL STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvino Paulino dos Santos Neto

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to continue the study by Kilimnik et al. (2011 - as in previous studies conducted on the subject by Kilimnik, Correa Oliveira (2009a and Kilimnik and Correa (2009b - on professional skills and managers who made a career transition from corporations to the academic field. Using these authors’ original proposal five years after their research, we seek to investigate any changes in their teaching skills as well as to identify didactic and pedagogical strategies used. Adopting the qualitative approach as done previously, this research features a longitudinal cohort study and it involved conducting 25 semi-structured interviews in depth with individuals who participated in the previous empirical survey. The content analysis of interviews was carried out with the help of the QDA Miner software. The results confirm a significant part of the competencies identified in the previous survey. It was also verified that the respondents seek to transfer the experience of the corporate world to the academia using educational techniques such as case studies and dynamics. According to the respondents themselves, work experience, despite being one of the strengths they brought from the corporate world, is not enough if not associated with theory, generating learning.

  2. Furthering critical institutionalism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frances Dalton Cleaver

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available This special issue furthers the study of natural resource management from a critical institutional perspective. Critical institutionalism (CI is a contemporary body of thought that explores how institutions dynamically mediate relationships between people, natural resources and society. It focuses on the complexity of institutions entwined in everyday social life, their historical formation, the interplay between formal and informal, traditional and modern arrangements, and the power relations that animate them. In such perspectives a social justice lens is often used to scrutinise the outcomes of institutional processes. We argue here that critical institutional approaches have potentially much to offer commons scholarship, particularly through the explanatory power of the concept of bricolage for better understanding institutional change.  Critical institutional approaches, gathering momentum over the past 15 years or so, have excited considerable interest but the insights generated from different disciplinary perspectives remain insufficiently synthesised. Analyses emphasising complexity can be relatively illegible to policy-makers, a fact which lessens their reach. This special issue therefore aims to synthesise critical institutional ideas and so to lay the foundation for moving beyond the emergent stage to make meaningful academic and policy impact. In bringing together papers here we define and synthesise key themes of critical institutionalism, outline the concept of institutional bricolage and identity some key challenges facing this school of thought.

  3. Typologies of Institutional Communication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriela IOSIF

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available From the point of view of Durkheim, institutions are ways of acting, feeling and thinking, expressing any social act. Institutions have stringent action on the individual, have its own existence, independent of individual manifestations, which are distinctive for a given group, being accepted by all members. Types of social institutions are economic institutions, educational, political, cultural and family. Within institutions, communication is an inherent phenomenon. For Katz and Kahn "communication is a social process of great relevance to the functioning of each group, organization or society," the very essence of the social system or organization. The organizational structure provides stability for human communication and facilitates administrative tasks. (Rogers Everett M. and Agarwala-Rogers Rekha, 1976, p. 6. Therefore, an effective institutional communication adds value to any institution.

  4. El estudio de las armas en el siglo XVIII: La Real Academia de la Historia y el hallazgo de una espada renacentista en Peñafiel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soler del Campo, Álvaro

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available In 1751 the king Fernando VI ordered to the Real Academia de la Historia a report on the fortuitous finding of a renaissance sword in Peñafiel (Valladolid. This report allows an approach to arms studies in the eighteenth century, when legendary arguments coexisted with a modern reasoning personalized by Ignacio de Luzán. It is also important an enclosed drawing as its accurate record.

    En 1751 el rey Fernando VI solicitó a la Real Academia de la Historia un informe sobre el hallazgo fortuito de una espada renacentista en Peñafiel (Valladolid. Este informe permite aproximarnos al estudio de las armas durante el siglo XVIII, en el que las explicaciones legendarias conviven con planteamientos modernos personalizados por Ignacio de Luzán. Destaca igualmente por la incorporación de una detallada documentación gráfica de dicha espada.

  5. From Institutional Change to Experimentalist Institutions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hull Kristensen, Peer; Morgan, Glenn

    2012-01-01

    , institutions, and markets are created (or not) and what the effects of these processes are on: employment growth, income inequalities, inequalities between groups, rights at work, and the distribution of skills and autonomy in the workplace. The paper therefore proposes a framework and conceptual language...

  6. Institutional Support : Ethiopian Development Research Institute ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    The Ethiopian Development Research Institute (EDRI) was established in 1999 and became operational in 2003 as a semi-autonomous organization accountable to the Office ... Socially equitable climate action is essential to strengthen the resilience of all people, without which we cannot achieve women's empowerment.

  7. Institutional pressures and HRM: developing institutional fit

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boon, C.; Paauwe, J.; Boselie, J.P.P.E.F.; den Hartog, D.N.

    2009-01-01

    Purpose – Research in strategic human resource management (HRM) has focused mainly on the effects of HRM practices or systems on organizational effectiveness. However, institutional theory argues that besides being financially successful, organizations also need legitimacy to survive. Owing to the

  8. A enfermagem esportiva: proposta de consulta de enfermagem em academia de ginástica e musculação

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Míriam Heidemann

    1987-12-01

    Full Text Available Aponta o trabalho na academia de ginástica com nova área de atuação para o enfermeiro. Relata uma experiência, onde, através da consulta de enfermagem, identificou problemas de saúde (hérnia inguinal, desvios patológicos da coluna, hipertensão arterial, varizes tabagismo e suas consequências, solucionou problemas e/ou encaminhou os alunos para recursos da comunidade.

  9. NATO Advanced Study Institute and International School of Materials Science and Technology

    CERN Document Server

    Balkanski, Minko; 15th Course on Solid State Microbatteries

    1990-01-01

    This Advanced Study Institute on the topic of SOLID STATE MICROBATTERIES is the third and final institute on the general theme of a field of study now termed "SOLID STATE IONICS". The institute was held in Erice, Sicily, Italy, 3 - 15 July 1988. The objective was to assemble in one location individuals from industry and academia expert in the fields of microelectronics and solid state ionics to determine the feasibility of merging a solid state microbattery with microelectronic memory. Solid electrolytes are in principle amenable to vapor deposition, RF or DC sputtering, and other techniques used to fabricate microelectronic components. A solid state microbattery 1 1 mated on the same chip carrier as the chip can provide on board memory backup power. A solid state microbattery assembled from properly selected anode/solid electrolyte/cathode materials could have environmental endurance properties equal or superior to semiconductor memory chips. Lectures covering microelectronics, present state-of-art solid sta...

  10. A CONTRIBUIÇÃO DA ACADEMIA PARA MOBILIDADE URBANA SUSTENTÁVEL POR MEIO DO PROGRAMA DE EXTENSÃO UNIVERSITÁRIA DA UFPR – CICLOVIDA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvana Nakamori

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Congestionamentos, acidentes de trânsito e poluição são alguns problemas resultantes de uma cultura de mobilidade que prioriza o transporte individual por meio do automóvel e o resultado dessa prioridade é a deteriorização da qualidade de vida urbana. A fim de tentar reverter esse panorama surge na UFPR o Programa de Extensão Universitária Ciclovida, acreditando que a Academia tem a obrigação de estar na vanguarda das transformações que a sociedade necessita, pois através da pesquisa, ensino e extensão visa-se à formação de uma cultura de mobilidade urbana saudável e sustentável, pelo do uso da bicicleta como um dos meios de transporte. O objetivo deste artigo é demonstrar as contribuições da academia para a mobilidade urbana sustentável focando no Programa Ciclovida e a metodologia utilizada foi à pesquisa documental, sendo também uma pesquisa aplicada, qualitativa, exploratória, descritiva e bibliográfica. Dentre os resultados está à descrição do Programa e o Desafio Intermodal (anos de 2007 a 2013, demonstrando que a Academia pode sim contribuir com a mobilidade urbana. Palavras chaves: Mobilidade Urbana Sustentável. Extensão Universitária. Bicicleta.

  11. Entrepreneurship as institutional change

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerregaard, Toke; Lauring, Jakob

    2012-01-01

    This paper responds to calls to make more explicit linkages between institutional theory and entrepreneurship research through studies on how entrepreneurs navigate and work with institutions. The research examines the micro-strategies and activities through which small-scale entrepreneurs maneuver...... contradictions engage simultaneously in practices of maintaining and changing institutions to establish a balance between the poles on which their ventures depend. We illustrate this by two cases of small-scale entrepreneurship bridging institutional contradictions from an ethnographic study conducted under...

  12. New Institutional Politics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Buğra KALKAN

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available New institutional politics is an interdisciplinary movement that tries to reinstate the institutional politics to the center of the political science. After the limits of formal-legal analyze, used by old institutional politics, have been criticized by behaviorists, rational choice and neo-Marxist movements, since 1950, the state was alienated from the center of the political studies as an independent variable. Since 1980, neo institutional politics, raised as a reaction to this development, has been developing a new description and understanding of the institution which goes beyond the limitations of the old one. The rise and change of the political institutions and the interactions between political institutions and the actors, are being retheorized, by depending on informal rules and conventions as much as formal rules, and pointing out cultural factors as much as legal factors. So, in this study, rational choice, sociological and historical new institutional politics, as the three different school of new institutionalism, will be examined separately and there will be a debate on colliding and overlapping points of these schools

  13. Fundamentals and Optimal Institutions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gonzalez-Eiras, Martin; Harmon, Nikolaj Arpe; Rossi, Martín

    2016-01-01

    To shed light on the relation between fundamentals and adopted institutions we examine institutional choice across the ``Big Four'' US sports leagues. Despite having very similar business models and facing the same economic and legal environment, these leagues exhibit large differences in their use...... of regulatory institutions such as revenue sharing, salary caps or luxury taxes. We show, theoretically and empirically, that these large differences in adopted institutions can be rationalized as optimal responses to differences in the fundamental characteristics of the sports being played. This provides...

  14. Practice as ‘Research’ Within The Context of Art and Design Academia: A Brief Excursion Into Its Philosophical Underpinnings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dominique Rio Adiwijaya

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Integration of many fields of human endeavor including art and design into academic system is not at all surprising in our modern world that continues to modernize itself in the quest for ever increasing welfare of humanity. The backbone of modern welfare is unmistakably techno-scientific academic research, explaining current expansion of its ‘standardized’ paradigm, regulation and infrastructure without exception into the field of art and design. This is where the problem precisely arises, since their own nature, art and design as ‘creative’ fields, are incompatible with scientific paradigm which emphasizes a uniform reproducibility of research findings. ‘The heart of the arts’, in contrast, is its singularities. The industry actually has recognized the difference by assigning ‘patents’ to technological invention and ‘copyright’ to singular artworks. The question is then how to incorporate such creatively plural fields into uniform academic research system. Fortunately within the past 20 years, there were developments within international art and design academia that came up with a keystone principle called practice-based research. It relies upon philosophical underpinnings of phenomenology and hermeneutics which has been critically acclaimed in showing inadequacies of positivistic (natural science-based paradigm in understanding cultural phenomena exemplified by art and design. It is the intention of this article to briefly explain this new principle and its philosophical underpinnings in order to let us appreciate its positive contribution for our understanding of art and design. This understanding in turn would allow us to cultivate those creative fields within academic context in a more appropriate way. 

  15. Crisis, academia y solución gerencial androcrática para la empresa contemporánea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Enrique Rojas Chadid

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available ResumenLa crisis que según Cornelius Castoriadis se debe a la superposición del capital sobre el trabajo en el sistemaeconómico – social, ha llevado a la academia a cuestionar sus paradigmas en la administración de empresa o denegocios y pensar en las posibilidades del nuevo paradigma de la complejidad, de ahí surge la idea de la gerenciaandrocratica como opción para pensar el desarrollo social y empresarial. La androcracia gerencial se refiere aque primero son las personas y después los objetos en la empresa, y desarrolla un concepto clave denominadoel concepto de sujeto – grupo y unas competencias para desarrollarlo con pensamiento complejo y enfrentar lasincertidumbres desde la empresa contemporánea.Palabras Claves:Cultura inclusiva. Ecosofia. Gerencia androcratica. Heterarquias. Pensamiento complejo. Participación como proceso.Dialógica. Diavergencia. Solucionica. Agenciamientos maquinicos. Intermitentizar multiplicidades. Líneasde fuga. Espiralizar sinergias. Imaginación radical.Abstract:Crisis, according to Cornelius Castoriadis, occurred for the overlap of capital over labor in the economical-socialsystem, has led the academy to challenge their paradigms in business administration and think about the possibilitiesof the new paradigm: Complexity, hence, the idea of androcratic management as an option to be concern abutthe social and entrepreneurship development. Androcracy management is a concern where people are first andafter the objects in the company, and develops a key concept called the concept of “the subject-group” and skills todevelop complex thinking and deal with the uncertainties of the contemporary companies.Key words:Inclusive culture. Ecosophy. Neoliberalism. Manly Management. Coopetitive. Heterarchy. Complex thought. Participationas a process. Dialogical. Machinic agencies. Multiplicities. Flight Lines Synergies. Radical imagination.

  16. Self-reported health and quality of life among hikers attending the Academia das Cidades Program, Petrolina – PE, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jéssica Thayani Santos Brandão

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To evaluate self-reported health (SRH and quality of life (QOL among hikers attending the Academia da Cidade Program (ACP. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study carried out with 300 hickers attending the ACP in Petrolina-PE, Brazil. Interview questions were distributed into four topics: socio-demographic / lifestyle (age, sex, marital status, income, occupation and habits of life; self-reported health (5-point scale on the perception of health; quality of life (WHOQOL-WHO and information about the ACP and benefits of walking. Results: The mean age was 40.75 (14.72 and 99 (33.0% subjects were aged 41-60, 208 (69.3% were women, 166 (55.3% were married, 167 (55.7% were over 12 years of schooling, 106 (35.3% earned 2-3 minimum wage, 234 (78.0% were working and 153 (51.0% practiced walking 3 times a week. Television (37.3% was the main source of information about the benefits of walking and social networks (55.0% provided the main information about the existence of the program, which influenced the most (63.7% to start the activity. There was no statistically significant difference in QOL and SAR scores, considering the age, however it was observed that, as the weekly frequency of walking increases, so do the QOL and SAR scores. Conclusion: Walking was an important determinant of health promotion and quality of life, in proportion to the increased weekly frequency of activity, and its benefits and existence of proper places for practicing have been spread by television and social networks, respectively

  17. Plagiarism in Academia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shahabuddin, Syed

    2009-01-01

    Plagiarism sometimes creates legal and ethical problems for students and faculty. It can have serious consequences. Fortunately, there are ways to stop plagiarism. There are many tools available to detect plagiarism, e.g. using software for detecting submitted articles. Also, there are many ways to punish a plagiarist, e.g. banning plagiarists…

  18. Careers beyond academia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karouzos, Marios

    2018-01-01

    We asked the same five questions to eleven astronomers who now work in different fields in order to understand their career paths, their motivations to leave astronomy and the skills that helped them in their transition.

  19. THE ACADEMIA AS PROFESSION

    OpenAIRE

    Francois Venter

    2013-01-01

    There is an obvious conceptual link between the words "professor" and "profession". May one however assume that being a professor entails belonging to a profession, an academic profession?One may have various motives for entering into and staying in the academy, eg the advantage of progression one the basis of one's own, independent efforts, earning a good salary and following one's calling to expend the energy and abilities one receives in life sensibly.Professors are expected to be (at leas...

  20. Bashing Pseudoscience in Academia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hameed, S.; Robinson, G. M.; Moulton, J.

    2003-12-01

    Belief in paranormal, supernatural and other new-age claims is increasing according to surveys by the NSF and others. Astronomy-related pseudo-scientific beliefs are especially common. For example, more than thirty percent of Americans consider astrology to be scientific and more than one-third believe that extraterrestrial beings have visited earth at some time in the past. Not only do such beliefs ignore sound reasoning and information but they compete as alternative explanations for the world around us. While a general education might be expected to reduce acceptance of unsound beliefs, the level of such belief is surprisingly high among those with a higher education. An astronomer, a philosopher and a psychologist cooperated in developing a brief college course designed to challenge unsound reasoning and information, and to inoculate the participants with skepticism. Pre- and post-course opinion surveys show significant changes in belief.

  1. Protestant Ethics in Academia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Maria Kucharska

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Academic ethics has recently become an important issue in Poland. With changes in the Polish law on higher education a new approach to ethics of students and academics has been presented. As a PhD student and young researcher, I am personally interested in the introduced changes. This article seeks to examine professional academic ethics in terms of two chosen theories, that is, the Protestant work ethic of Max Weber and its adaptation to the academic environment by Robert K. Merton. I situate both theories in the Polish context of shaping the academic ethos. In my deliberations I recall Dietrich Bonhoeffer’s works as fundamental for the Protestant work ethos values, which are honesty, reliability and diligence. Additionally I present their religious as well as non religious aspects. With such theoretical foundations, I attempt to evaluate the risks and violations in the ranks of Polish academics. The theoretical basis and the collected data enable me to put forward the claim that it is not feasible in Poland to follow the Western model of work ethics. Instead, it has to be built from scratch. To start this process, we need to consider the value of responsibility as a crucial category not only for the process of academic ethos formation, but also for everyday life from the early years.

  2. Discipline as Institutional Maintenance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasche, Andreas; Hommel, Ulrich; Cornuel, Eric

    Drawing on the case of business school rankings, we study how institutions are maintained and remain persistent despite their contested nature. We argue that rankings as institutions can be maintained through subtle disciplinary practices that freeze power relations in recipient organizations. Our...

  3. Institutional investor activism : Introduction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mc Cahery, Joseph; Bratton, William; Bratton, William; McCahery, Joseph A.

    2015-01-01

    The increase in institutional ownership of recent decades has been accompanied by an enhanced role played by institutions in monitoring companies’ corporate governance behaviour. Activist hedge funds and private equity firms have achieved a degree of success in actively shaping the business plans of

  4. Institutional profile questionnaire

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    test

    What are the institution's business fax and telephone numbers. Fax number (with country/city ... that shows your full corporate name, your corporate status, the jurisdiction of registration and the date of registration and ... Information on person authorized to sign financial reports on behalf of institution. Name. Title. Additional ...

  5. Multinationals and Institutional Competitiveness

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hull Kristensen, Peer; Morgan, Glenn

    by forming firms capable of expanding internationally. At the level of subsidiaries as providing institutional back up for these firms' abilities to fight for survival and growth within the frame of rivalling subsidiaries of the MNC. The article discusses at these two levels the comparative institutional...... competitiveness of Liberal Market Economies and Coordinated Markets Economies under the current competitive regime....

  6. Effect of tracheosyringeal denervation on call in greenfinch (Carduelis sinica).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, D; Jiang, J; Li, J; Yang, X; Wang, D; Chen, H

    1999-12-01

    After sections of left or right tracheosyringeal nerve (NXIIts), greenfinches may repeat everyday calls, with no effect on temporal properties. It is suggested that either side of syrinx may produce sound alone and ipsilateral innervation of NXIIts for the syringeal muscles. After section of left NXIIts, the bird produces the vocal pattern of partial tone increase, and effects on the sound intensity and sentence length average 1.4 and 2.8 times those after section of right NXIIts, suggesting that the innervation of NXIIts has left side dominance. After bilateral section of NXIIts, the call rhythm in company with expiratory motions is 98-146 times/min, on an average, and lose all sentence types and syllable structure of normal call. But the call spectra produced by tympaniform membrane vibrations without innervation still reserve frequency components similar to the tonic frequency and harmonics of normal calls.

  7. SMEs, Institutions and Performance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Camilla; Low, Mei Peng

    2013-01-01

    for combining the resource-based theory with an institutions-based approach towards constructing a more practical and empirical oriented analytical framework. After the preliminary discussion and introduction to the different theories used, the authors then take a focus on the analytical framework used to study......This chapter addresses at the outset the topic of SMEs and economic development from an institutions perspective. The authors argue that the transaction cost theory is not helpful towards understanding the role that institutions play for SME performance for several reasons. Instead, they argue...

  8. Collaborative research between academia and industry using a large clinical trial database: a case study in Alzheimer's disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jones Roy

    2011-10-01

    optimising the value of data mining of large clinical trial databases for the combined purpose of furthering clinical research and improving patient care. Fruitful collaboration between industry and academia was fostered while the donepezil data repository was used to advance clinical and scientific knowledge. The Expert Working Group approach warrants consideration as a blueprint for conducting similar research ventures in the future.

  9. Multitasking in academia: Effective combinations of research, education and public outreach illustrated by a volcanic ash warning system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bye, B. L.; Plag, H.

    2011-12-01

    Science permeates our society. Its role and its perceived importance evolves with time. Scientists today are highly specialized, yet society demands they master a variety of skills requiring not only a number of different competencies but also a broad mindset. Scientists are subjected to a meritocracy in terms of having to produce scientific papers. Peer-reviewed scientific publications used to be sufficient to meet the various laws and regulations with respect to dissemination of scientific results. This has dramatically changed; both expressed directly through public voices (such as in the climate change discourses), but also by politicians and policy makers. In some countries research funding now comes with specific requirements concerning public outreach that go way beyond peer-reviewed publications and presentation at scientific conferences. Science policies encourage multidisciplinary cooperation and scientific questions themselves often cannot be answered without knowledge and information from several scientific areas. Scientists increasingly need to communicate knowledge and results in more general terms as well as educating future generations. A huge challenge lies in developing the knowledge, human capacity and mindset that will allow an individual academician to contribute to education, communicate across scientific fields and sectors in multidisciplinary cross sectoral cooperations and also reach out to the general public while succeeding within the scientific meritocracy. We demonstrate how research, education and communication within and outside academia can effectively be combined through a presentation of the International Airways Volcano Watch that encompasses an operational volcanic ash warning system for the aviation industry. This presentation will show the role of science throughout the information flow, from basic science to the pilots' decision-making. Furthermore, it will illustrate how one can connect specific scientific topics to societal

  10. A medida da gordura: O interno e o íntimo na academia de ginástica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Emanuel Sautchuk

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available A partir de pesquisa etnográfica e bibliográfica, o presente artigo trata da gordura nas academias de ginástica, enfocando questões relativas ao corpo e à pessoa. A análise da avaliação corporal evidencia os termos de uma produção científica que elabora o corpo como um metabolismo caracterizado pelo risco e pela maleabilidade. São os conteúdos corporais que estão em jogo, de modo que o ideal estético não é a magreza, mas a "definição" do corpo, fruto da sobreposição da gordura pelo músculo. A busca da saúde caracteriza-se pela gerência constante do risco inerente ao balanço destes componentes. Beleza e saúde são formas de cuidar de si - imperativo caro ao individualismo contemporâneo - através do manejo dos conteúdos corporais. Assim, a avaliação corporal delineia os elementos internos e os aspectos da intimidade, e dota as práticas corporais da capacidade de empreender um engajamento entre eles.Based on both ethnographic and bibliographic research, the present article examines the subject of fat in gymnastic academies, focusing on issues relating to the body and the person. An analysis of body evaluation evinces the terms of a scientific production that configures the body as a metabolism subject to risk and malleability. What is at stake are body contents, where the aesthetic ideal is not thinness, but the ‘toning’ of the body, the result of replacing fat with muscle mass. The search for beauty involves constant management of the risk inherent in balancing these components. Beauty and health are forms of self-care - an imperative central to contemporary individualism - through the management of body contents. Thus, body evaluation delineates internal elements and aspects of intimacy, and endows bodily practices with the capacity to stimulate an interaction between them.

  11. Advanced Transportation Institute 2009.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-09-01

    The eighth version of the Advanced Transportation Institute (ATI-09) was conducted in 2009 to encourage high school students to pursue careers in the field of transportation engineering. The University Transportation Center for Alabama partnered with...

  12. Joint Quantum Institute

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — The Joint Quantum Institute (JQI) is pursuing that goal through the work of leading quantum scientists from the Department of Physics of the University of Maryland...

  13. Changing institutions of knowing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Koch, Christian; Bertelsen, Niels Haldor

    2014-01-01

    paper is to analyze enablers and barriers for this institutional change. The vocational education system in Denmark is strongly institutionalised with unions, employerÕs associations and the schools in central roles. Drawing on institutional theory contributions on labour market -, educational...... - and professional institutions, the paper presents a study of institutional work inside and across schools and craft disciplines working in SMEs involved in new building and renovation with an energy aspect. Collaboration between four education committees for carpenters, masons, electricians and plumbers....... In the future specialization will be supplemented by horizontal and vertical interdisciplinary and innovative competences integrating the complex process industrialized construction sector. Schools, teachers and digital teaching materials need be developed to support this change supported by front running...

  14. Contributions to institutional matters

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The papers included in this document deal with the institutional aspects and the legal framework of spent fuel management. The international management and storage of plutonium and spent fuel is addressed. Licensing procedures are discussed

  15. Commercial and Institutional Waste

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Thomas Højlund; Fruergaard, Thilde

    2011-01-01

    Commercial and institutional waste is primarily from retail (stores), hotels, restaurants, health care (except health risk waste), banks, insurance companies, education, retirement homes, public services and transport. Within some of these sectors, e.g. retail and restaurants, large variations...

  16. Great Lakes Energy Institute

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alexander, J. Iwan [Case Western Reserve Univ., Cleveland, OH (United States)

    2012-11-18

    The vision of the Great Lakes Energy Institute is to enable the transition to advanced, sustainable energy generation, storage, distribution and utilization through coordinated research, development, and education. The Institute will place emphasis on translating leading edge research into next generation energy technology. The Institute’s research thrusts focus on coordinated research in decentralized power generation devices (e.g. fuel cells, wind turbines, solar photovoltaic devices), management of electrical power transmission and distribution, energy storage, and energy efficiency.

  17. Corruption, institutions and regulation

    OpenAIRE

    Breen, Michael; Gillanders, Robert

    2011-01-01

    We analyze the effects of corruption and institutional quality on the quality of business regulation. Our key findings indicate that corruption negatively aspects the quality of regulation and that general institutional quality is insignificant once corruption is controlled for. These findings hold over a number of specifications which include additional exogenous historical and geographic controls. The findings imply that policy-makers should focus on curbing corruption to improve regulat...

  18. Blogs in cultural institutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michał Kaczyński

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses examples of three blogs of the National Library, both in terms of their structure and content as highlighting elements that impact on the promotion of both the blog and the institutions they lead. Discussed the advantages of one of Poland’s most popular blogging platforms WordPress. It also presents a short briefings to customize the look of your blog based on WordPress platform needs to actuate the institution.

  19. International antitrust institutions

    OpenAIRE

    Budzinski, Oliver

    2012-01-01

    The paper discussed the economic theory of international antitrust institutions. Economic theory shows that non-coordinated competition policies of regimes that are territorially smaller than the international markets on which business companies compete violate cross-border allocative efficiency and are deficient with respect to global welfare. At the same time, some diversity of antitrust institutions and policies promotes dynamic and evolutionary efficiency so that globally binding, worldwi...

  20. Narrative and Institutional Economics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vyacheslav V. Volchik

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available This article addresses a range of questions associated with the occurrence of a new field of study – narrative economics, which is considered in the context of modern institutionalism. Pioneering works of R. Shiller, G. Akerlof and D. Snower spotlighted the importance of analyzing narratives and narrative influence when studying economic processes. In this paper, a qualitative study of narratives is seen through the prism of an answer to the question: «How do prescribed narratives influence institutions and change them? ». Narratives have much in common with institutions since very often, explicitly or implicitly, they contain value judgements about social interactions or normative aspects shaping behavioral patterns. The identification of dominating narratives enables us to understand better how institutions influence economic (social action. Repeated interactions among social actors are structured through understanding and learning the rules. Understanding of social rules comes from the language – we articulate and perceive the rules drawing on common narratives. Narratives and institutions are helpful when actors gain knowledge about various forms of social communication. Digital technologies, mass media and social networking sites facilitate the spread of narratives, values and beliefs; this process is characterized by increasing returns. Studying narratives and institutions is crucial for modern economic theory because it helps to improve qualitative and quantitative methods of analyzing empirical evidence and enables researchers to understand complex economic processes.

  1. Evidências de validade da versão brasileira do Exercise Motivation Inventory-2 em contexto de academia e personal training

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ingi P Klain

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo teve como objetivos verificar a validade fatorial e a validade interna da versão brasileira do Exercise Motivation Inventory-2 (EMI-2 e comparar os principais motivos para prática de exercício tendo em conta os contextos de academia e personal training. Um total de 588 praticantes de exercício da cidade de Pelotas/RS/Brasil (405 de academia e 183 de personal training preencheram o EMI-2, o qual é constituído por 51 itens, agrupados em 14 motivos (fatores para prática de exercício físico. A validade fatorial do EMI-2 foi testada através da realização de análises fatoriais confirmatórias e a validade interna através do alfa de Cronbach. Para a verificar o efeito do contexto nos motivos foi utilizada a MANOVA e calculado o tamanho do efeito. Os resultados obtidos dão suporte à estrutura original do EMI-2 com 14 fatores, nesta amostra. Verificou-se um efeito multivariado significativo do contexto sobre os motivos de prática [Wilks’ λ = 0.912, F (14, 573.000 = 3.9, p < 0.001,  η² = 0.088]. Os motivos de “Prazer”, “Força e resistência”, “Desafio”, “Socialização”, “Competição” e “Reconhecimento Social” foram significativamente superiores no contexto de academia e os motivos de “Agilidade” e “Prevenção de Doenças” foram significativamente superiores no contexto de personal training.

  2. La arquitectura teatral a través de las pruebas de pensado en la Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juana María Balsalobre García

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available La importancia histórica de la Academia y su influencia, en cuanto al hecho arquitectónico, se halla en la labor de la Comisión de Arquitectura. Ésta junta desempeñó la línea motriz del pensamiento académico. En resumen, el cuerpo de esta investigación se basa en el estudio de tres proyectos de teatros censurados por dicha Comisión. El interés de los planos y de los manuscritos es significativo, porque por un lado proporcionan documentación inédita en la actualidad, sobre tres teatros proyectados en España, por el otro encierran el juicio de valor que motivaron en la Academia. En tal contexto cabe señalar la postura abierta de la Academia, pues no se trataba de defender una curva para la planta de la sala, sino más bien la derivada de resolver el conjunto arquitectónico adecuadamente a su función.Thanks to its Architect Commission the Real Academy of San Fernando was basic to the ulterior development of the academic thought. The main object of the investigation is based on the study of the three theatre projects censored by that Commission. The significance of the plans and manuscripts is important because they show documentation unknown nowadays about the theatres planned in Spain in the Nineteenth Century and because they contain the architectural ideas of the Academy. We must point out the advanced ideas of the Academy in this context because it tried to resolve the architectural group appropriately to its function.

  3. TTI Phase 2 Institutional Support: The Institute of Economic Affairs ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    TTI Phase 2 Institutional Support: The Institute of Economic Affairs, Ghana. This funding will help strengthen the Institute of Economic Affairs' (IEA-Ghana) role as a credible public policy institution by enhancing its ability to provide high-quality, influential, and policy-relevant research. About the Institute of Economic Affairs

  4. Institutions and Modernity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Witold Morawski

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Modernity consists of many confl icting aspects: It brings many empty promises, yet has resulted in new institutions that create bridges between the values and interests of millions of people who seek freedom, prosperity, quality of life, strengthened democracy and social justice. In this paper I attempt to a gain and loss account against modernity, because institutional rules are not only conducive to cooperative interactions, but to hostile interactions as well. People are not always guided by moral commitment, but rather more often driven by cold calculation or coercion.Methodology: Modernity has at least three defi nitions. The fi rst defi nition is based on ideas that took over the imagination of the era. The second defi nition is based on an analysis of the behavior of people who respond to reason as well as emotion and believe that they act more rationally than their ancestors or the traditional “others”. The third defi nition is the one closest to my heart, consisting of the use of institutional categories. Institutions offer practical ways of connecting ideas and people. The challenge for them is the result of deepening local and national interdependencies, but increasingly often also regional (e.g. European and global. Interdependencies are the result of the scientifi c and technological revolution, global markets, global governance mechanisms, the emergence of new social forces and cultural confl icts (against the background of reconciling identity and differences.Conclusions: The most important task is to identify the mechanisms of complex systems so that people know how to act under conditions of uncertainty, risk and crisis. Hence, the expectations toward institutions often exceed their abilities. Even though new institutions are being created and old ones are being fixed, we are witnessing and participating in, institutional paralysis and the decay (e.g. corruption. In this situation, it is imperative not only to

  5. Study Of Museum Institutional Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    - Rohanda

    2016-11-01

    development of information and library science, particularly institution of information in addition to the library. Second, it provides an overview of the governance of the museum in government institutions. Third, the scope of study is limited to institutional management of museums in government institutions, thus there is a need for the development of studies on institutional management of museums for other types of museums, such as museums that are managed by private or personal institutions. Keywords: Gawitra, information institution, management, museum.

  6. Stress, ansiedade, depressão e estratégias de coping em candidatos ao primeiro ano da Academia Militar

    OpenAIRE

    Moura, Carla Sofia Barbosa

    2011-01-01

    Tese de mestrado, Psicologia (Secção de Psicologia dos Recursos Humanos, do Trabalho e das Organizações), Universidade de Lisboa, Faculdade de Psicologia, 2011 O presente estudo tem como finalidade analisar os estados emocionais dos candidatos ao primeiro ano da Academia Militar, nomeadamente a ansiedade, a depressão e o stress, explorando e tentando compreender o papel das Estratégias de Coping. Adoptou-se o Modelo de Lazarus e Folkman (1984) como fundamento relativamente à probl...

  7. As práticas corporais nas academias de ginástica: um olhar do professor sobre o corpo fluminense

    OpenAIRE

    Freitas, Diego Costa; Silva, Fernanda Azevedo Gomes da; Silva, Alan Camargo; Lüdorf, Sílvia Maria Agatti

    2011-01-01

    O presente estudo tem por objetivo investigar as concepções dos professores de Educação Física, atuantes em academias de ginástica da Baixada Fluminense, sobre sua prática profissional e o trato com o corpo. Os dados foram obtidos por meio de entrevistas semiestruturadas, observação e anotações de diário de campo. Os investigados demonstram preocupação em atender aos anseios do aluno e preservar a sua integridade física. Contudo, características socioeconômicas da região parecem colaborar par...

  8. La actitud de la Real Academia Española para la inclusión de la etimología en el diccionario

    OpenAIRE

    Jiménez Ríos, Enrique

    2008-01-01

    El objetivo de este artículo es analizar la actitud de la Real Academia Española para la inserción de la etimología en su diccionario usual. Para ello, se hace un examen de las ideas etimológicas de la institución académica contenidas en el «Discurso proemial de las etimologías», recogido en el Diccionario de Autoridades, así como en los prólogos de los diccionarios publicados desde comienzos del siglo XVIII hasta hoy. De ello se desprenden las distintas tendencias que han guiado el trabajo e...

  9. BROTE DE GRIPE PANDÉMICA (H1N1) 2009 EN UNA ACADEMIA MILITAR: INICIO DE LA CIRCULACIÓN COMUNITARIA EN ESPAÑA

    OpenAIRE

    Elga Mayo Montero; Elena Ballester Orcal; Antonio Joaquín Piñeyroa Sierra; Antonio Fé Marques; Patricia Santa-Olalla Peralta; Mª José Sierra Moros

    2010-01-01

    Fundamento: El 19 de mayo de 2009 se declararon 21 casos de soldados con síntomas de infección respiratoria aguda en la Academia Militar de Ingenieros (ACING) en Hoyo de Manzanares, España. En el contexto de una alerta mundial por gripe A(H1N1) 2009, se decide investigar la posible aparición de un brote por este virus. El objetivo es describir un posible brote de gripe (H1N1) 2009 en un Centro de Formación Militar y describir las medidas adoptadas, en la fase de contención, para evitar su tra...

  10. Estudo de avaliabilidade do Programa Academia Carioca da Saúde: desafios para a promoção da saúde

    OpenAIRE

    Padilha,Monique Alves; Oliveira,Cátia Martins de; Figueiró,Ana Cláudia

    2015-01-01

    Este artigo tem como objetivo apresentar os resultados do estudo de avaliabilidade do Programa Academia Carioca da Saúde visando ampliar a compreensão sobre a intervenção e maximizar a utilidade da avaliação. Foram realizadas as seguintes etapas: análise documental, entrevista com informantes-chave, modelização da intervenção e formulação das perguntas avaliativas. A construção do Modelo Lógico do Programa permiti...

  11. Speculation, philosophy and the end of religion: Save the name 'God' and the folly of this name as the queen of the sciences or the jester of academia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johann-Albrecht Meylahn

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In this article, Meillassoux and Laruelle were brought into conversation with Derrida concerning contingency, temporality, non-philosophy and God. The conversation between Derrida and Meillassoux focused on their respective views on trace and radical contingency, which opened towards reflections on God as either divinology (Meillassoux or the endless desertification of language (Derrida, thus saving the name �God� and keeping the name safe. One cannot think this desertification of language, �God�, without a reflection on khōra. This opened a conversational space with Laruelle�s non-philosophy. One of the major criticisms against Laruelle is that his non-philosophy has no worth in terms of the extra-philosophical (ethical, political or juridical and the same could be said with regards to khōra and, specifically, Derrida�s interpretation of khōra. Therefore Derrida�s interpretation of khōra with its �unilateral� relation to logos, the giving and receiving of khōra without giving and receiving anything and thus remaining indifferent, were brought into conversation with Laruelle�s unilateral duality. This unilateral duality, although indifferent to philosophy, makes all the difference to logos and thus to philosophy. The question is: what place is given to khōra and/or non-philosophy within academia? Derrida�s God can be interpreted as a kind of autodeconstructive divine violence or holy folly. What place is given to divine violence or holy folly within academia? What is the relation of non-philosophy to philosophy? Is it the non-foundational foundation that remains totally indifferent to philosophy as it does not engage in a dialectical relationship with philosophy and yet it is the theory or science of philosophy? Can academia afford to �give place� to this holy folly, this non-philosophy, this khōratic theo-logic, but on the other hand, can it afford not to �give place� to the queen and/or jester of academia?

  12. The 2017 Nonlinear Mechanics and Dynamics Research Institute.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kuether, Robert J. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Allensworth, Brooke Marie [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Peebles, Diane E. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    2018-02-01

    The 2017 Nonlinear Mechanics and Dynamics (NOMAD) Research Institute was successfully held from June 19 to July 28, 2017. NOMAD seeks to bring together participants with diverse tec hnical backgrounds to work in small teams to utilize an interactive approach to cultivate new ideas and approaches in engineering . NOMAD provides an opportunity for researchers - especially early career researchers - to develop lasting collaborations that go beyond what can be established from the limited interactions at their institutions or at annual conferences. A total of 17 students from around the world came to Albuquerque, New Mexico to participate in the six - week long program held at the University of New Mexico campus. The students collaborated on one of six research projects that were developed by various mentors from Sandia National Laboratories, academia, and other government laboratories. In addition to the research activities, the students atte nded weekly technical seminars, toured the National Museum of Nuclear Science & History, and socialized at various off - hour events including an Albuquerque Isotopes baseball game. At the end of the summer, the students gave a final technical presentation o n their research findings that was broadcast via Skype. Many of the research discoveries made at NOMAD are published as proceedings at t echnical conference s and have direct alignment with the critical mission work performed at Sandia.

  13. The Workplace Environment for African-American Faculty Employed in Predominately White Institutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whitfield-Harris, Lisa; Lockhart, Joan Such

    2016-01-01

    Diversity in academia requires attention, especially with the expected increase in minority populations in the United States (American Association of Colleges of Nursing, (AACN) 2014). Despite theoretical papers that suggest that several challenges are encountered by minority faculty employed in predominately White institutions, a dearth of research on this topic has been published. The purpose of this literature review was to analyze the published research that addressed the workplace environment of African-American faculty employed in predominately White institutions. In utilizing the keywords in various combinations, 236 articles were retrieved through multiple databases. After applying inclusion and exclusion criteria, 15 studies were reviewed with only three related to nursing. Two themes were extracted from the review: 1) the cultural climate of the workplace environment and, 2) underrepresentation of African-American faculty. It is apparent from this review that additional research is needed to understand the experiences of this group of faculty to target effective recruitment and retention strategies.

  14. The effects of integrating service learning into computer science: an inter-institutional longitudinal study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Payton, Jamie; Barnes, Tiffany; Buch, Kim; Rorrer, Audrey; Zuo, Huifang

    2015-07-01

    This study is a follow-up to one published in computer science education in 2010 that reported preliminary results showing a positive impact of service learning on student attitudes associated with success and retention in computer science. That paper described how service learning was incorporated into a computer science course in the context of the Students & Technology in Academia, Research, and Service (STARS) Alliance, an NSF-supported broadening participation in computing initiative that aims to diversify the computer science pipeline through innovative pedagogy and inter-institutional partnerships. The current paper describes how the STARS Alliance has expanded to diverse institutions, all using service learning as a vehicle for broadening participation in computing and enhancing attitudes and behaviors associated with student success. Results supported the STARS model of service learning for enhancing computing efficacy and computing commitment and for providing diverse students with many personal and professional development benefits.

  15. The Armed Forces Institute of Regenerative Medicine: a collaborative approach to Department of Defense-relevant research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dean, Wendy

    2011-11-01

    The wars in Iraq and Afghanistan have resulted in the most severe survivable war injuries ever seen in prolonged conflict. The Armed Forces Institute of Regenerative Medicine (AFIRM) was conceived as a way to deliver solutions to the existing gaps in military trauma care. The AFIRM is a collaborative effort between the Department of Defense, academia and private industry to accelerate the development of critically needed technology for the treatment of severely wounded warriors, and to restore to meaningful form and function those who have followed orders into harm's way.

  16. Anteproyecto para un comunicado de la Academia Nacional de Medicina con Respecto al uso de Sustancias Adictivas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guillermo Sánchez Medina

    1994-09-01

    Full Text Available

    La Academia Nacional de Medicina de Colombia en sus sesiones del 26 de mayo y el 9 de junio del presente año, discutió y se pronunció con respecto a la penalización o despenalización del porte y consumo de sustancias adictivas.

    Los académicos discutieron yen un consenso general acordaron pronunciarse ante el gobierno Nacional en relación a que:

    1. No se puede legalizar, legitimar o despenalizar, la producción, la comercialización y el uso de las sustancias adictivas.

    2. Ello significaría ir en contra de la Constitución y de la salud física, mental y social y en contra del buen desarrollo de la personalidad, de la ética o moral de nuestra sociedad.

    3. La ciencia demuestra que las drogas adictivas producen daños irreversibles en las células cerebrales y en otras de los diferentes sistemas orgánicos.

    4. Hay que entender la problemática psico-económico- social, ética y tener criterios integrando los conceptos de la ciencia, la ley y la aplicación de la justicia.

    5. Por lo tanto, se sugiere una normatización a cada una de las acciones que puede infringir el ciudadano o el menor con respecto al consumo de sustancias adictivas.

    6. La normatización debe contemplarse básicamente en las áreas desprevención, tratamiento y rehabilitación con la educación, así como las diferentes terapias médico-psicológicas y guías psicosociales, en institutos especializados para tal efecto, sin necesidad de reclusión; solamente se aplicará esta última en casos indicados por los médicos legistas.

    7. Las conductas psicopáticas o sociopáticas, deberán tener tratamientos específicos para prevenir acciones antisociales.

    8. El Estado tendrá, con carácter urgente, que diseñar modelos de salud mental para implementarlos, en las diferentes acciones del hombre, desde la conformación de la pareja, la familia, los hijos en su infancia, la pubertad y adolescencia, la madurez, hasta

  17. Globalisation of Researcher Mobility within the UK Higher Education: Explaining the Presence of Overseas Academics in the UK Academia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khattab, Nabil; Fenton, Steve

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, we argue that the power structure that lies within the UK elite universities dictates a division of labour through which the inflows of overseas academics into the UK academic labour markets are skewed towards these elite academic institutions where they are employed primarily in research-only posts. These posts, are less valued and…

  18. Why Not Academia?--The Streamlined Career Choice Process of Black African Women Engineers: A Grounded Theory Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mlambo, Yeukai Angela

    2017-01-01

    Black African women are grossly underrepresented as academic staff in engineering programs at South African universities. The problem is exacerbated at historically White institutions (HWI) where Black women are simply absent as engineering research and teaching staff. The absence of Black African women in the academy occurs despite Black African…

  19. International Environmental Institute

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    DiSibio, R.R.

    1992-01-01

    The International Environmental Institute is being established at the Hanford Site to provide training and education in environmental restoration and waste management technologies and to serve as an interface for exchange of information among government laboratories, regional and federal governments, universities, and US industries. Recognized as the flagship of the nation's environmental management effort, the Hanford Site provides a unique living environmental laboratory that represents the most extensive, complex, and diverse cleanup challenges anywhere. An Environmental Institute director has been selected, the organizational structure has been established, and initial phases of operation have begun. The combined resources of the Hanford Site and the Environmental Institute offer unprecedented technological capabilities for dealing with the nation's environmental issues

  20. Institutional control and monitoring

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bragg, K.

    2002-01-01

    This paper provides several possible principles to be used to guide future discussions and tries to place the need for institutional control into context for the various waste types. The proposed principles would allow institutional control to be used as one method to provide radiation protection in the future without presenting undue burdens to future generations. It also provides advice on how to apply the proposed principles in a practical manner. The key difference in the approach proposed is that institutional control should be viewed as a need to pass on information, knowledge and skills from one generation to the next. This would allow each successive generation to make its own decision as to whether such controls should be maintained. (author)

  1. John Searle on Institutional Facts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    m Abdullahi

    2010-09-01

    Here we argue that the essence of institutional facts is status functions. Humans recognize these functions which contain a set of deontic powers through collective intentionality. Therefore, institutional facts are ontologically subjective and epistemologically objective. Nevertheless, objectivity of institutional facts totally depends on language which itself is a fundamental institution for other institutions.

  2. Conventions and Institutional Logics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Westenholz, Ann

    Two theoretical approaches – Conventions and Institutional Logics – are brought together and the similarities and differences between the two are explored. It is not the intention to combine the approaches, but I would like to open both ‘boxes’ and make them available to each other with the purpose...... analyses. The theoretical quest of both Conventions and Institutional Logics has been to understand the increasing indeterminacy, uncertainty and ambiguity in people’s lives where a sense of reality, of value, of moral, of feelings is not fixed. Both approaches have created new theoretical insights...

  3. [An institutional evaluation design].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Narchi, N Z; Friedlander, M R

    2001-01-01

    This study aims at describing the design used in the evaluation of technical nursing courses in São Paulo State's Education System by means of quantitative and qualitative institutional performance indicators. Such indicators, established by former students and by the labor market, showed to be useful in the evaluation and demonstrated the need for increasing, by means of similar evaluation studies, parameters related to the academic staff's performance as well as that of practical teaching fields. It is concluded that the use of a reasonable number of indicators allowed the articulation among data and a better understanding of the evaluated institutions.

  4. Netherlands Interuniversity Reactor Institut

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1978-01-01

    This is the annual report of the Interuniversity Reactor Institute in the Netherlands for the Academic Year 1977-78. Activities of the general committee, the daily committee and the scientific advice board are presented. Detailed reports of the scientific studies performed are given under five subjects - radiation physics, reactor physics, radiation chemistry, radiochemistry and radiation hygiene and dosimetry. Summarised reports of the various industrial groups are also presented. Training and education, publications and reports, courses, visits and cooperation with other institutes in the area of scientific research are mentioned. (C.F.)

  5. Trayectoria y balance en la historiografía peruana: 90 años de la Academia Nacional de la Historia (1905-1995

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hampe Martínez, Teodoro

    1998-12-01

    Full Text Available Not available.

    Con el objeto de analizar el desarrollo de la historiografía peruana a lo largo del presente siglo, pocos procedimientos resultan más adecuados que centrar la atención en la vida institucional de la Academia Nacional de la Historia (antes Instituto Histórico del Perú. Durante sus noventa años de existencia, desde la fundación por el Presidente José Pardo en 1905, esta corporación ha reunido a más de un centenar de miembros de número, entre los cuales figuran muchos —ciertamente que no todos— de los más notables exponentes de la disciplina histórica en el país. De tal manera que, a través de la evolución interna de la Academia, es posible rastrear las principales tendencias dentro de las sucesivas generaciones de historiadores peruanos contemporáneos. Con este trabajo queremos brindar un aporte a la interpretación historiográfica, aspecto que ha sido relativamente descuidado en nuestro medio.

  6. The Academia 3.0 program and the evaluation of the teaching staff in Soci-ology from the impact indexes of the journals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María José Rubio Martín

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes the main differences between the Academia 2.0 and Academia 3.0 programs, after its publication in November 2016. We take the category of senior lecturer in the field of research in Sociology as a reference point. One of the highlights is the centrality acquired by the research activity and the incorporation, as a mandatory criterion, of articles published in journals indexed in the first quartiles the Journal Citation Reports for the evaluation of the category of senior lecturer and university professors. The aim is to show the academic and policy implications of these changes. For this, an analysis is carried out in which the new requirements for the accreditation of teachers with a broader context are related. On the one hand, in this context, the origin and scope of the evaluation agencies and the indexing system of academic journals are considered. On the other, their connection with quantification logics, the devaluation of the teaching function, and the neoliberal character of these reforms in the university context are also given consideration.

  7. FACTORES QUE CONFIGURAN LAS PREFERENCIAS DE EMPLEO DE LOS ESTUDIANTES DE DOCTORADO EN INGENIERÍA POR LA ACADEMIA Y LA INDUSTRIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Celis

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available La investigación ha demostrado que las decisiones laborales de los estudiantes de Doctorado en Ingeniería están influenciadas por sus preferencias de empleo por la academia o la industria. Los estudios han encontrado que estas preferencias están configuradas por factores como la edad, el género, la presencia de hijos y el nivel educativo de los padres. Sin embargo, una aproximación que considere simultáneamente varios factores no ha sido empleada para investigar la formación de dichas preferencias. Este artículo analiza los factores que tienen relación con la configuración de las preferencias de empleo de 63 estudiantes de doctorado matriculados en una universidad en Colombia. La edad, la presencia de hijos y el grado de escolaridad de la madre tienen relación con las preferencias por la academia. En cambio, no tener experiencia laboral antes de ingresar al programa de doctorado estructura las preferencias por la industria.

  8. A Reforma Pedreira na Academia de Belas Artes (1854-1857 e a constituição do espaço social do artista

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Letícia Coelho Squeff

    Full Text Available Manuel Araújo Porto Alegre (1808-1879 teve atuação fundamental nas instituições culturais do Segundo Reinado, tendo sido pintor, crítico de arte, jornalista e poeta, entre outras atividades. Como diretor da Academia Imperial de Belas Artes, o pintor promoveu a maior reforma que a instituição sofreu durante o Império. Parte da chamada Reforma Pedreira (1854-1857, as introduzidas por Porto Alegre buscavam adaptar a instituição aos progressos técnicos de meados do século XIX, e fazer da corte imperial, o Rio de Janeiro, uma cidade sintonizada com a "civilização". É com este objetivo que o pintor faz da técnica um dos temas centrais de sua administração. Neste artigo, tendo como objeto a intervenção de Araújo Porto Alegre na Aiba, pretendemos refletir como as inovações introduzidas na Academia contribuíram para a constituição de um novo espaço social para o artista do Império.

  9. Shaping behaviour: How institutions evolve

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Woodhill, A.J.

    2008-01-01

    Any form of development and social change requires institutional innovation. Societies have become much better at technological innovation than institutional innovation. Institutional innovation requires nonlinear, complex and evolutionary processes of change. Coping with the complex crises of our

  10. Institute Born of Gratitude.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McLellan, Vin

    1980-01-01

    The Wang Institute of Graduate Studies plans to offer a master's degree in software engineering. The development of an academic program to produce superior, technically qualified managers for the computer industry's software production is discussed. (Journal availability: Datamation, 666 Fifth Ave., New York, NY 10103.) (MLW)

  11. Institute for Nuclear Theory

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Haxton, W.; Bertsch, G.; Henley, E.M.

    1993-01-01

    This report briefly discussion the following programs of the Institute for Nuclear Theory: fundamental interactions in nuclei; strangeness in hadrons and nuclei; microscopic nuclear structure theory; nuclear physics in atoms and molecules; phenomenology and lattice QCD; and large amplitude collective motion

  12. The branding of institutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stephenson, S

    1991-02-20

    Institutional operations capitalizing on national foodservice brands have seen sales increase as much as 40%, operators say. But what if operators choose to stay independent and develop their own brands? Our feature presents both business strategies and the concepts that are winning customers.

  13. Summer Youth Forestry Institute

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roesch, Gabrielle E.; Neuffer, Tamara; Zobrist, Kevin

    2013-01-01

    The Summer Youth Forestry Institute (SYFI) was developed to inspire youth through experiential learning opportunities and early work experience in the field of natural resources. Declining enrollments in forestry and other natural resource careers has made it necessary to actively engage youth and provide them with exposure to careers in these…

  14. Leadership in Educational Institutions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sunko, Esmeralda

    2012-01-01

    Many questions concerning quality of functioning and effectiveness are connected with the management of education as a professional field in educational organizations. The role of educational leadership in an educational organization raises many questions related to legislative regulations of activities, issues of institutional placement,…

  15. Institutional aspects of peacemaking

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patlashynska Iryna Viktorivna

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes the main trends and approaches to the understanding of the concept of peacemaking and peacekeeping activities and their evolution. The main specific elements of peacemaking are outlined as an institution of international law. The powers of international and regional organizations in peacekeeping are studied.

  16. Inflation, Institutions, and Preferences

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lelyveld, I.P.P. van

    2000-01-01

    The institutional structure of monetary policy has seen some profound changes in recent decades. Exchange rate systems have prospered and perished. Periods of high inflation have given way to the present - more tranquil - times. Several theoretical models have been proposed to capture the

  17. International institutional law

    CERN Document Server

    Schermers, Henry G

    1972-01-01

    In several respects the present study is an enlargement of a former analysis about the specialized agencies of the United Nations to more organisations and into further detail. In particular the creation of the European Communities, adding new aspects to international institutional law, have received attention.

  18. Identification of key factors of academia in the process of linking in the triple helix of innovation model in Mexico, a state of the art matrix

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Idalia Estefania Ponce Jaramillo

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: La innovación es reconocida como una actividad esencial para aumentar la competitividad de un país Etzkowitz define el modelo de la triple hélice para el proceso de innovación en el cual se describe la relación entre la interacción industria-academia-gobierno en una institución, región o país. En las últimas dos décadas México ha adoptado gradualmente un enfoque tecnológico, mediante el cambio y la implementación de políticas tecnológicas, que incluyen la transformación del a industria, el gobierno y la academia. Una de las mayores dificultades ha sido la implementación de esas políticas dentro de las instituciones académicas debido a su organización y estructura. Método: Se usó la metodología de matrix del estado del arte (SAM con el objetivo de colectar, compilar y analizar la literatura disponible sobre el tema de innovación y triple hélice en México. La selección de la literatura se realizó buscando artículos de revistar científicas, libros, conferencias relacionadas con el modelo de la triple hélice, en bases de datos digitales y libros impresos en México. Posteriormente se codificaron los artículos encontrados y usando diagramas de afinidad (matrices y se clasificaron en tres tipos de factores: internos, estructurales y ambientales. Resultados: El principal objetivo de la academia en México es la educación, la cual carece de una visión innovadora. Esto tiene como consecuencia que a pesar de los esfuerzos para lograr la vinculación, el número de proyectos de vinculación entre la academia y la industria sea mínimo. Conclusión: En los últimos 20 años ha habido un incremento en el número de investigaciones sobre el modelo de la triple hélice de la innovación en México, debido a la desarticulación de los actores en México. Los investigadores han estudiado la situación y descrito las áreas de oportunidad, experiencias y mejores prácticas, con la finalidad de compartir, trasmitir

  19. Institutional Theory in International Relations

    OpenAIRE

    Jönsson, Christer; Tallberg, Jonas

    2001-01-01

    In this chapter, we trace the emergence of institutional approaches in IR theory, outline three important areas of research on international institutions, and suggest promising directions for future research. The review demonstrates that rational choice institutionalism, historical institutionalism, and normative institutionalism, as developed in the study of domestic institutions, have constituted sources of inspiration in IR theory. At the same time, the relative absence of formal instituti...

  20. Utilization of renewable energy potential in Pakistan - a goal oriented approach through industry-cum-academia linkage

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Khalil, M.S.

    2011-01-01

    Due to the recent power crisis in Pakistan, it is essential to utilize the god gifted renewable energy potentials in the form of hydro-power, solar, wind etc. With recent developments in emerging technologies globally, it is the basic need for indigenous development of renewable energy resources. It can be done through research and development by bridging the gaps between industries and technical institutions. In the world, this approach is being carried out not only for the development but for sustain ability of the R and D in the field of renewable energies. Local industries can play a vital role in using latest computational techniques in the research and development areas with the utilization of technical and engineering institutions. For sustainable development of renewable energy resources in the country, local industry have to come forward and contribute toward the betterment of the country. (author)

  1. Practicing theory and theorizing practice: Using an Open Collaborative Platform to facilitate meaningful interactions between academia and industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Baka, Vasiliki

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to explore how a technological platform can connect multiple stakeholders towards educating open innovation ambassadors. In other words, how both academics and practitioners focusing on open innovation can ‘meet’ to constructively nurture openness in practice. The paper......, co-creation, interactivity and wholeness. The study contributes a discussion about how openness can be enacted in theoretical institutions and organizational contexts and offers possible avenues through which to build a bridge among all stakeholders....

  2. Science-Industry-Linkages in China: Motivation, Models and Success Factors for Collaborations of MNCs with Chinese Academia

    OpenAIRE

    Tagscherer, Ulrike

    2015-01-01

    [Motivation and background ...] The presented report describes and analyzes the results of a survey among 30 foreign invested enterprises in China in 2014. The survey was conducted once before in 2011/2012 and the update in 2014 was specifically designed to create a better understanding of the recent dynamics in innovation in China, especially in the collaboration between MNCS and Chinese universities and research institutes. The main questions the survey wants to answer are: who are the key ...

  3. Approaches to Identification of Institutions in Institutional Economics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Igor M. Shiriaev

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The paper deals with the methodology for identification of institutions from institutional economics perspective. The differences between the perspectives provided by old and new institutional economics are highlighted. These differences are interpreted in the context of compared pragmatist and postpositivist methodologies. This paper applies to the post-positivist approach to the identification of institutions. One example of institution is provided by power-property institution. Identification of this institution in the historical and economic research is based on several theoretical generalizations and supported by array of historical facts. Another example is provided by identification of institution and institutional change in higher education based on discourse analysis and interviews with the main actors. In this paper, the regulatory institutions of higher education are analyzed as well. The concept of power-property institution is extended to the higher education by proposing hypotheses on the functioning of state governing-regulating institution in this sphere. This institution prescribes the actors to behave in accordance with the objectives of public policy, which can only be implemented in the form of bureaucratization of higher education. The paper describes the behavioral regularity generated by an identified institution. Functioning of the governing-regulating institution in higher education is illustrated by examples of behavioral regularities emerging from activities in accordance with this institution. The paper also shows the possibility of falsification of proposed hypothesis.

  4. Hospitality and Institutional Meals

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Justesen, Lise; Strøjer, Anna-Lise

    2017-01-01

    on an experimental design, in which 10 bachelor students in Nutrition and Health organized and participated as both hosts and guests in four self-selected meal events. The events included a Housing Community event, a Children’s Birthday party, an Art Exhibition event and a Family Easter lunch. Based on a semi......Abstract: There is a growing interest in articulating institutional meal serving practices as a hospitality activity involving host and guest interactions. This study aims to qualify institutional hospitality and meal activities by exploring private hospitality events. The study is based...... was transformed into a guest. Information on purpose of the event and other information given in the invitation were part of this process. Furthermore, hospitality activities could be characterized by blurred host-guest relations and by being able to embrace unexpected events as well. The activities were...

  5. Conventions and Institutional Logics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Westenholz, Ann

    Two theoretical approaches – Conventions and Institutional Logics – are brought together and the similarities and differences between the two are explored. It is not the intention to combine the approaches, but I would like to open both ‘boxes’ and make them available to each other with the purpose...... of creating a space for dialog. Both approaches were developed in the mid-1980s as a reaction to rational-choice economic theory and collectivistic sociological theory. These two theories were oversimplifying social life as being founded either in actor-micro level analyses or in structure-macro level...... analyses. The theoretical quest of both Conventions and Institutional Logics has been to understand the increasing indeterminacy, uncertainty and ambiguity in people’s lives where a sense of reality, of value, of moral, of feelings is not fixed. Both approaches have created new theoretical insights...

  6. Institutions and poverty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tebaldi, Edinaldo; Mohan, Ramesh

    2010-01-01

    This study utilises eight alternative measures of institutions and the instrumental variable method to examine the impacts of institutions on poverty. The estimates show that an economy with a robust system to control corruption, an effective government, and a stable political system will create the conditions to promote economic growth, minimise income distribution conflicts, and reduce poverty. Corruption, ineffective governments, and political instability will not only hurt income levels through market inefficiencies, but also escalate poverty incidence via increased income inequality. The results also imply that the quality of the regulatory system, rule of law, voice and accountability, and expropriation risk are inversely related to poverty but their effect on poverty is via average income rather than income distribution.

  7. INSTITUT KESENIAN MAKASSAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fahrul Rizal

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Development of the value of art and culture in Makassar fading , while the higher the education that is expected to help develop arts and cultural preservation . The number of art enthusiasts are having trouble finding a good college and adequate facilities in Makassar divert them out of the area for study. The main purpose of this paper in order to plan and merancangan Art Institute building located in Makassar, which can accommodate the needs of artists to distribute and develop creativity, the result of design art institute building is located in the subdistrict Tamalanrea location is adjusted with the direction of the located area Spatial education, it is expected that the center will be able to accommodate students in distributing and developing creativity and the provision of facilities that can accommodate the development and preservation of local culture and art according to user requirements in accordance with the planning and design standards that apply.

  8. Transportation Institutional Plan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1986-08-01

    This Institutional Plan is divided into three chapters. Chapter 1 provides background information, discusses the purposes of the Plan and the policy guidance for establishing the transportation system, and describes the projected system and the plans for its integrated development. Chapter 2 discusses the major participants who must interact to build the system. Chapter 3 suggests mechanisms for interaction that will foster wide participation in program planning and implementation and provides a framework for managing and resolving the issues related to development and operation of the transportation system. A list of acronyms and a glossary are included for the reader's convenience. Also included in this Plan are four appendices. Of particular importance is Appendix A, which includes detailed discussion of specific transportation issues. Appendices B, C, and D provide supporting material to assist the reader in understanding the roles of the involved institutions.

  9. Homogeneous group, research, institution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesca Natascia Vasta

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The work outlines the complex connection among empiric research, therapeutic programs and host institution. It is considered the current research state in Italy. Italian research field is analyzed and critic data are outlined: lack of results regarding both the therapeutic processes and the effectiveness of eating disorders group analytic treatment. The work investigates on an eating disorders homogeneous group, led into an eating disorder outpatient service. First we present the methodological steps the research is based on including the strong connection among theory and clinical tools. Secondly clinical tools are described and the results commented. Finally, our results suggest the necessity of validating some more specifical hypothesis: verifying the relationship between clinical improvement (sense of exclusion and painful emotions reduction and specific group therapeutic processes; verifying the relationship between depressive feelings, relapses and transition trough a more differentiated groupal field.Keywords: Homogeneous group; Eating disorders; Institutional field; Therapeutic outcome

  10. Institute for safety technology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1991-01-01

    In the area of nuclear reactor safety studies, the Institute for Safety Technology (STI) concentrated its efforts in analysing experimentally and numerically phenomena which characterize highly-improbable but very severe accidents either for light water or for sodium cooled reactors. In the STI nuclear isle, three new laboratories for waste (PETRA), fusion (ETHEL) and safeguards, (PERLA) activities are approaching completion and have made substantial progress in their licensing procedure. The Institute started activities in the non-nuclear safety research area only a few years ago and has been able this year to present its first significant experimental and theoretical results in the areas of runaway reactions, accidental release of products and their deflagration/detonation. Concerning Reference Methods for the Evaluation of Structure Reliability a better understanding was gained of the nonlinear cyclic and dynamic behaviour of materials and structures by performing experiments and developing constitutive and structural member models leading to the computer simulation of complete structures

  11. Digitalization of daycare institutions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chimirri, Niklas Alexander

    in the intergenerational interaction with as well as the intragenerational interaction among daycare children. To some extent, digital media usage, foremost of tablet computers, has seen a discursive and material normalization across a number Danish daycare institutions before at all clarifying how it could be rendered...... as on situated sociomaterial approaches to critical psychological practice research in order to inquire into possible specificities of digital media device usage: How is this usage similar to and different from interacting via other material-communicative devices in a pedagogical practice? How do digital media......The digitalization of Danish daycare institutions is not only affecting the ways staff is documenting and reporting on its pedagogical work. It also appears to be redefining what pedagogical work itself is about, given the drastic increase in deployment of digital (mobile) media devices...

  12. Institutional entrepreneurship and agency

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Weik, E.

    2011-01-01

    of collective entrepreneurship and institutional work to see if they can overcome these incongruities. I conclude that although they can remedy some of the problems, these notions run the risk of describing everything until they describe nothing. In order to limit and enable the entrepreneurship literature...... to discuss agency meaningfully, I argue, it needs to develop analytical frames of agency derived either from existing sociological theories or from further developing its own brand of agency theory. © 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd....

  13. The Francis Crick Institute.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peters, Keith; Smith, Jim

    2017-04-01

    The Francis Crick Institute Laboratory, opened in 2016, is supported by the Medical Research Council, Cancer Research UK, the Wellcome Trust, and University College London, King's College London and Imperial College London. The emphasis on research training and early independence of gifted scientists in a multidisciplinary environment provides unique opportunities for UK medical science, including clinical and translational research. © Royal College of Physicians 2017. All rights reserved.

  14. First institutional congress

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Coto, Z.; Munoz, J.

    1992-01-01

    They explain the different uses of nuclear energy in a generalize way. The fields included are: intense radiations, tracers, nucleonic galgs. These applications are analyzed basically in the industrial field. They also analyze the present usefulness of these techniques and their expectatives for the future. They suggests that the industrial applications of nuclear energy can be considered within the institutional plans of development of the ITCR. 12 refs

  15. Subventions aux institutions

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    IDRC CRDI

    voir comment votre projet évolue eu égard à la recherche et aux aspects administratifs et financiers. Le CRDI sait bien que des problèmes peuvent surgir durant l'exécution des projets et reconnaît que les institutions qu'il finance appliquent des systèmes de comptabilité et des modalités administratives qui diffèrent des ...

  16. Institute of physics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1975-01-01

    A survey is given of the personnel and activities of the Institute of Physics. Research by staff of the Nuclear Physics Group includes mainly work on heavy ion reactions and investigations of rare earth nuclei. The Elementary Particle Group has studied antineutron and antiproton annihilations, neutral current pions minus and has used the CERN ISRs. The Cosmic Physics Group has used rockets, satellite data and balloons to study the electron and proton precipitation in the upper atmosphere and magnetosphere, and aurorae. (JIW)

  17. Iowa State Mining and Mineral Resources Research Institute

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1990-08-01

    This final report describes the activities of the Iowa State Mining and Mineral Resources Research Institute (ISMMRRI) at Iowa State University for the period July 1, 1989, to June 30, 1990. Activities include research in mining- and mineral-related areas, education and training of scientists and engineers in these fields, administration of the Institute, and cooperative interactions with industry, government agencies, and other research centers. During this period, ISMMRRI has supported research efforts to: (1) Investigate methods of leaching zinc from sphalerite-containing ores. (2) Study the geochemistry and geology of an Archean gold deposit and of a gold-telluride deposit. (3) Enchance how-quality aggregates for use in construction. (4) Pre-clean coal by triboelectric charging in a fluidized-bed. (5) Characterize the crystal/grain alignment during processing of yttrium-barium-copper-perovskite (1-2-3) superconductors. (5) Study the fluid inclusion properties of a fluorite district. (6) Study the impacts of surface mining on community planning. (7) Assess the hydrophobicity of coal and pyrite for beneficiation. (8) Investigate the use of photoacoustic absorption spectroscopy for monitoring unburnt carbon in the exhaust gas from coal-fired boilers. The education and training program continued within the interdepartmental graduate minor in mineral resources includes courses in such areas as mining methods, mineral processing, industrial minerals, extractive metallurgy, coal science and technology, and reclamation of mined land. In addition, ISMMRRI hosted the 3rd International Conference on Processing and Utilization of High-Sulfur Coals in Ames, Iowa. The Institute continues to interact with industry in order to foster increased cooperation between academia and the mining and mineral community.

  18. Endogenous and costly institutional deterrence

    Science.gov (United States)

    David C. Kingsley; Thomas C. Brown

    2014-01-01

    Modern economies rely on central-authority institutions to regulate individual behaviour. Despite the importance of such institutions little is known about their formation within groups. In a public good experiment, groups selected the level of deterrence implemented by the institution, knowing that the administrative costs of the institution rose with the level of...

  19. Institutional Strength in Depth

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Weightman, M.

    2016-01-01

    Much work has been undertaken in order to identify, learn and implement the lessons from the TEPCO Fukushima Daiichi nuclear accident. These have mainly targeted on engineering or operational lessons. Less attention has been paid to the institutional lessons, although there have been some measures to improve individual peer reviews, particularly by the World Association of Nuclear Operators, and the authoritative IAEA report published in 2015 brought forward several important lessons for regulators and advocated a system approach. The report noted that one of the contributing factors the accident was the tendency of stakeholders not to challenge. Additionally, it reported deficiencies in the regulatory authority and system. Earlier, the root cause of the accident was identified by a Japanese independent parliamentary report as being cultural and institutional. The sum total of the institutions, the safety system, was ineffective. While it is important to address the many technical and operational lessons these may not necessary address this more fundamental lesson, and may not serve to provide robust defences against human or institutional failings over a wide variety of possible events and combinations. The overall lesson is that we can have rigorous and comprehensive safety standards and other tools in place to deliver high levels of safety, but ultimately what is important is the ability of the nuclear safety system to ensure that the relevant institutions diligently and effectively apply those standards and tools — to be robust and resilient. This has led to the consideration of applying the principles of the strength in depth philosophy to a nuclear safety system as a way of providing a framework for developing, assessing, reviewing and improving the system. At an IAEA conference in October 2013, a model was presented for a robust national nuclear safety system based on strength in depth philosophy. The model highlighted three main layers: industry, the

  20. CONHECIMENTO SOBRE NUTRIÇÃO E CONSUMO DE SUPLEMENTOS EM ACADEMIAS DE GINÁSTICA DE JUIZ DE FORA, BRASIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernanda Gargiulo Lopes

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Introdução O consumo de suplementos alimentares tem ganhado destaque entre desportistas. Contudo, mudanças nos hábitos alimentares são menos expressivas nesta população. Objetivo Verificar o uso de suplementos alimentares e o conhecimento sobre princípios básicos de nutrição de desportistas frequentadores de academias da cidade de Juiz de Fora, MG, Brasil. Métodos Estudo transversal, em 19 academias selecionadas por sorteio. A amostra totalizou 348 indivíduos maiores de 18 anos, de ambos os sexos, frequentadores das academias participantes, que concordaram em responder ao questionário contendo questões relacionadas aos dados sociodemográficos, prática de atividade física, conhecimento sobre nutrição e uso de suplementos alimentares. Resultados Dos participantes, 55% afirmaram se sentir insatisfeitos com o peso. Ao verificar o conhecimento prévio dos participantes sobre nutrição, 41,5% afirmaram que os micronutrientes são fornecedores de calorias; 79% da amostra conhecem a função dos macronutrientes, contudo desconhecem, na totalidade, as principais fontes alimentares dos mesmos. A proteína foi o nutriente que segundo 66% dos entrevistados deveria estar em maior proporção na dieta. Dos 54% de participantes que fazem uso de suplementos 43,9% utilizam um suplemento, 19,1% dois, 30,5% de três a quatro e 6,3% mais de quatro por dia. A orientação para este consumo partiu 34,2% das vezes do nutricionista, 31% do educador físico, seguido por outros meios de indicação; o objetivo de ganho de massa magra foi o mais citado (58,2%. Conclusão Este trabalho demonstrou elevado consumo de suplementos, insatisfação corporal e equívocos sobre conceitos básicos em nutrição.

  1. Vigorexia e níveis de dependência de exercício em frequentadores de academias e fisiculturistas

    OpenAIRE

    Soler,Patrícia Tatiana; Fernandes,Helder Miguel; Damasceno,Vinicius Oliveira; Novaes,Jefferson Silva

    2013-01-01

    INTRODUÇÃO: Atualmente, a aparência é sinônimo de sucesso, saúde e determinação. De modo que a sociedade moderna oprima os indivíduos a seguir padrões estereotipados de beleza. E como herança dessa sociedade capitalista e egoísta surgem os transtornos psíquicos da aparência e as dependências psíquicas a eles associadas. OBJETIVOS: i) comparar os níveis de vigorexia e de dependência ao exercício entre frequentadores de academias e fisiculturistas; ii) relacionar as variáveis de prática de exer...

  2. Goal motives and multiple-goal striving in sport and academia: A person-centered investigation of goal motives and inter-goal relations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Healy, Laura C; Ntoumanis, Nikos; Duda, Joan L

    2016-12-01

    This investigation extended the goal striving literature by examining motives for two goals being pursued simultaneously. Grounded in self-determination theory, we examined how student-athletes' motives for their sporting and academic goals were associated with inter-goal facilitation and interference. Cross-sectional survey. UK university student-athletes (n=204) identified their most important sporting and academic goals. They then rated their extrinsic, introjected, identified and intrinsic motives for these goals and completed questionnaires assessing inter-goal facilitation and interference. Using a person-centered approach via latent profile analysis, we identified three distinct profiles of goal motives. Auxiliary analyses showed that the profile with high identified motives for both goals reported greater inter-goal facilitation. Extending the previous literature, the findings demonstrate the benefits of autonomous motives when simultaneously pursing goals in sport and academia. Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  3. Dança de salão e lazer na sociedade contemporânea: um estudo sobre academias de Belo Horizonte

    OpenAIRE

    Tiago Tonial

    2011-01-01

    A presente pesquisa se ateve à dança de salão enquanto atividade de lazer na sociedade contemporânea belorizontina. Através da teoria do jogo (em especial de Huizinga) e do lazer (principalmente os conceitos de Gomes) procurou-se questionar, do ponto de vista teórico, a dança de salão, o objetivo foi então entender melhor o que é dança de salão. A pesquisa de campo se constituiu por formulários e entrevistas semi-estruturadas com pessoas que vivenciam a dança de salão em academias de Belo Hor...

  4. Posicionamento da Academia Brasileira de Rinologia sobre terapias tópicas nasais Brazilian Academy of Rhinology position paper on topical intranasal therapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Ferreira de Mello Júnior

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Opresente documento tem por objetivo esclarecer àqueles que tratam das doenças nasossinusais, tanto especialistas quanto generalistas, sobre as terapêuticas tópicas nasais. Por meio de uma revisão das evidências científicas, a Academia Brasileira de Rinologia vem proporcionar sua visão prática e atualizada sobre as medicações tópicas nasais mais utilizadas, excetuando-se as medicações que possuam antibióticos tópicos na sua formulação.This documents aims at educating those who treat sinonasal diseases - both general practitioners and specialists - about topical nasal treatments. By means of scientific evidence reviews, the Brazilian Academy of Rhinology provides its practical and updated guidelines on the most utilized topical nasal medication, except for the drugs that have topical antibiotics in their formulas.

  5. Homenaje de la Academia Nacional de Medicina a la memoria del académico de número profesor Carlos Tirado Macias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Facultad de Medicina Revista

    1943-03-01

    Full Text Available En el Salón de la Academia Nacional de Medicina, a las 6 p.m. del día 16 de marzo de 1943, tuvo lugar la sesión especial de la Corporación, en homenaje a la memoria del Académico de Número Profesor Carlos Tirado Macías, bajo la presidencia del Académico Julio Aparicio y con asistencia de los Académicos Manuel Antonio Cuéllar Durán, Arcadio Forero, Carlos Trujillo Gutiérrez, Marco A. Iriarte, Gonzalo Esguerra Gómez, Jorge Bejarano, Francisco Vernaza, Lisandro Leyva Pereira, Manuel Antonio Rueda Vargas, Guillermo Uribe Cualla, Luis Patiño Camargo, y Pablo A. Llinás. Asistieron también a la sesión los parientes del extinto y un numeroso y selecto público.

  6. Vigorexia e níveis de dependência de exercício em frequentadores de academias e fisiculturistas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrícia Tatiana Soler

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: Atualmente, a aparência é sinônimo de sucesso, saúde e determinação. De modo que a sociedade moderna oprima os indivíduos a seguir padrões estereotipados de beleza. E como herança dessa sociedade capitalista e egoísta surgem os transtornos psíquicos da aparência e as dependências psíquicas a eles associadas. OBJETIVOS: i comparar os níveis de vigorexia e de dependência ao exercício entre frequentadores de academias e fisiculturistas; ii relacionar as variáveis de prática de exercício físico (tempo de prática, frequência semanal e duração por sessão com as dimensões de frequência de vigorexia e de dependência ao exercício; e, iii comparar os níveis de vigorexia segundo grupos de dependência ao exercício (dependentes ou em risco, não dependente sintomático e não dependente assintomático. MÉTODOS: A amostra foi constituída por 151 frequentadores de academia (27,66 ± 6,54 anos e 27,56 ± 5,03 de IMC e 25 fisiculturistas (30,80 ± 5,54 anos e 26,72 ± 4,24 de IMC, todos do sexo masculino. Os participantes responderam à Escala de Dependência ao Exercício e ao Inventário de Dismorfia Muscular. A análise estatística envolveu procedimentos de análise descritiva, normalidade univariada, comparativa e correlacional. RESULTADOS: Os principais resultados evidenciaram: i não existir diferenças entre frequentadores de academias e fisiculturistas quanto aos níveis de vigorexia e de dependência ao exercício; ii que a duração da sessão de treino se correlaciona positivamente com a maioria das dimensões da dependência ao exercício; e, iii que o grupo classificado como dependente ou em risco revela níveis médios superiores de vigorexia. CONCLUSÃO: Por fim, constatou-se que tanto nos fisiculturistas como nos frequentadores de academias, quanto maior o nível de vigorexia, maior o nível de dependência ao exercício, sendo essa correlação maior em fisiculturistas.

  7. Acuerdo general de cooperación entre la Academia Nacional de Medicina de Colombia y la Organización Panamericana de la Salud

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Academia Nacional de Medicina

    1991-03-01

    Full Text Available

    La Organización Panamericana de la Salud (en adelante denominada “la OPS”, represntada por la Oficina Sanitaria Panamericana, Oficina Regional de la Organización Mundial de la Salud, en la persona de su director, Doctor Carlyle Guerra de Macedo, y

    La Academia Nacional de Medicina de Colombia (en adelante denominada ANMe, representada por su Presidente, Doctor Efraim Otero,

    Suscriben el presente Acuerdo General de Cooperación, sujeto a los Considerandos y cláusulas siguientes:

    Considerando
    Que la OPS es el Organismo Especializado del Sistema Interamericano para la Salud.

    Que la OPS cuenta con una reconocida competencia y experiencia para el cumplimiento de servicios de cooperación técnica, en el campo de la salud humana y la salud animal, como instrumento para el bienestar de la población en todos los Estados Miembros de América Latina y el Caribe.

    Que la Academia Nacional de Medicina es el organismo privado creado hace 100 años por el Congreso de Colombia como asesor del Gobierno en materia de salud, y que cuenta con 200 miembros de número, correspondientes y honorarios, que representan a la mayoría de los ex-ministros de Salud, a los profesores y exprofesores universitarios y a todas aquellas personas que se han distinguido en una u otra forma por sus contribuciones al mejoramiento de la salud colombiana. Y que por su estatuto reglamentario de Academia debe ocuparse también de los aspectos de investigación y de enseñanza médica en Colombia.

    Que la Academia cuenta con capítulos en 6 de las principales ciudades de Colombia y en esta forma interactúa con los organismos departamentales y municipales de salud, y que, por otra parte, cuenta con un Instituto de Investigación localizado en su sede principal, en Bogotá, cuya Institución afiliada, la Corporación para Investigación Biológica, viene realizando importantes investigaciones clínicas y epidemiológicas en áreas de

  8. Real Academia de la Lengua Vasca/Euskaltzaindia: 80 años de trabajo por la normalización del vasco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Goenaga, Patxi

    1999-05-01

    Full Text Available Not available.En este artículo se ofrece una visión sucinta de los ochenta años (1918- 1998 de historia de la Real Academia de la Lengua Vasca, presididos siempre por el objetivo de la normalización de la lengua. En la primera parte del trabajo se presenta la historia de la Institución: fundación, los tiempos oscuros de la guerra y de la posguerra. En 1968 la normalización de la lengua recibirá un nuevo y definitivo impulso. En la segunda parte se hace un repaso de la labor realizada hasta el presente en el campo de la Lexicografía, la Gramática, la Onomástica, la Dialectología y la Literatura. Finalmente, se explica el funcionamiento interno de la institución.

  9. La actuación de la Real Academia de la Historia sobre el patrimonio arqueológico: Ruinas y Antigüedades

    OpenAIRE

    Tortosa, Trinidad; Mora, Gloria

    1996-01-01

    La intención de este trabajo es destacar, a través de la documentación manuscrita e inédita de sus archivos, el peso de la Real Academia de la Historia en el proceso de conformación y definición del Patrimonio español, especialmente del arqueológico, frente a la tesis tradicional que plantea su progresivo anquilosamiento a lo largo del siglo XIX. La documentación analizada nos ha permitido retrasar estas fechas hasta comienzos del s. XX. A través de su evolución cronológica (1738-1930) vemos ...

  10. Institute annual report 2004

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-07-01

    The mission of the ITU (Institute for Transuranium Elements) is to protect the European citizen against risk associated with the handling and storage of highly radioactive elements. The JRC (Joint Research Center) provide customer-driven scientific and technical support for the conception, development, implementation and monitoring of EU policies. In this framework this annual report presents the TU actions in: basic actinide research, spent fuel characterization, safety of nuclear fuels, partitioning and transmutation, alpha-immunotherapy/radiobiology, measurement of radioactivity in the environment, safeguards research and development. (A.L.B.)

  11. Institute for Sustainable Energy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Agrawal, Ajay [Univ. of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL (United States)

    2016-03-28

    Alternate fuels offer unique challenges and opportunities as energy source for power generation, vehicular transportation, and industrial applications. Institute for Sustainable Energy (ISE) at UA conducts innovative research to utilize the complex mix of domestically-produced alternate fuels to achieve low-emissions, high energy-efficiency, and fuel-flexibility. ISE also provides educational and advancement opportunities to students and researchers in the energy field. Basic research probing the physics and chemistry of alternative fuels has generated practical concepts investigated in a burner and engine test platforms.

  12. Spaceborne Photonics Institute

    Science.gov (United States)

    Venable, D. D.; Farrukh, U. O.; Han, K. S.; Hwang, I. H.; Jalufka, N. W.; Lowe, C. W.; Tabibi, B. M.; Lee, C. J.; Lyons, D.; Maclin, A.

    1994-01-01

    This report describes in chronological detail the development of the Spaceborne Photonics Institute as a sustained research effort at Hampton University in the area of optical physics. This provided the research expertise to initiate a PhD program in Physics. Research was carried out in the areas of: (1) modelling of spaceborne solid state laser systems; (2) amplified spontaneous emission in solar pumped iodine lasers; (3) closely simulated AM0 CW solar pumped iodine laser and repeatedly short pulsed iodine laser oscillator; (4) a materials spectroscopy and growth program; and (5) laser induced fluorescence and atomic and molecular spectroscopy.

  13. Institute annual report 2004

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2005-01-01

    The mission of the ITU (Institute for Transuranium Elements) is to protect the European citizen against risk associated with the handling and storage of highly radioactive elements. The JRC (Joint Research Center) provide customer-driven scientific and technical support for the conception, development, implementation and monitoring of EU policies. In this framework this annual report presents the TU actions in: basic actinide research, spent fuel characterization, safety of nuclear fuels, partitioning and transmutation, alpha-immunotherapy/radiobiology, measurement of radioactivity in the environment, safeguards research and development. (A.L.B.)

  14. Positional Concerns and Institutions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Landes, Xavier

    2013-01-01

    their implications for economics, positional concerns imply important normative dimensions. There have been presumed to be a symptom of envy, reduce people’s happiness, and create problems of social interaction or economic inefficiencies. Individuals are, for instance, prone to pick states of the world that improve...... that invoking envy or subjective well-being is not fully satisfying for regulating positional concerns. More compelling reasons seem, in complement with efficiency, to be related to considerations for equality. In other words, if institutions could have strong reasons to pay attention to and regulate positional...... concerns, it would be in virtue of their impact on the social product and individuals’ conditions of living....

  15. Evaluating biological variation in non-transgenic crops: executive summary from the ILSI Health and Environmental Sciences Institute workshop, November 16-17, 2009, Paris, France

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Doerrer, Nancy; Ladics, Gregory; McClain, Scott

    2010-01-01

    The International Life Sciences Institute Health and Environmental Sciences Institute Protein Allergenicity Technical Committee hosted an international workshop November 16-17, 2009, in Paris, France, with over 60 participants from academia, government, and industry to review and discuss the pote......The International Life Sciences Institute Health and Environmental Sciences Institute Protein Allergenicity Technical Committee hosted an international workshop November 16-17, 2009, in Paris, France, with over 60 participants from academia, government, and industry to review and discuss...... the final session of the workshop. The workshop established some common, though not unique, challenges for all "-omics" techniques, and include (a) standardization of separation/extraction and analytical techniques; (b) difficulty in associating environmental impacts (e.g., planting, soil texture, location......, climate, stress) with potential alterations in plants at genomic, proteomic, and metabolomic levels; (c) many independent analytical measurements, but few replicates/subjects--poorly defined accuracy and precision; and (d) bias--a lack of hypothesis-driven science. Information on natural plant variation...

  16. FATORES ASSOCIADOS À OCORRÊNCIA DE LESÕES DURANTE A PRÁTICA DE ATIVIDADE FÍSICA EM ACADEMIAS AO AR LIVRE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alice Tatiane da Silva

    Full Text Available RESUMO Introdução: Evidências apontam associação positiva entre a prática de atividades físicas e a ocorrência de lesões. No entanto, faltam estudos que tenham analisado essa ocorrência relacionada com as academias ao ar livre (AAL. Objetivo: Verificar os fatores associados à ocorrência de lesões durante a prática de atividades físicas nas academias ao ar livre em adultos de Curitiba-PR. Métodos: Estudo transversal realizado em 2012, no qual foram entrevistados "in loco" 411 frequentadores (53,8% mulheres de 20 AAL da cidade. A ocorrência de lesões foi autorreportada e a sua associação foi testada com variáveis individuais e sociodemográficas (sexo, faixa etária, situação conjugal, escolaridade, renda domiciliar, índice de massa corporal, prática de atividade física no lazer (caminhada e atividade física total e características de uso das AAL (percepção de esforço, frequência semanal, tempo de permanência, meses de uso e orientação com a regressão de Poisson no software STATA 12. Resultados: A ocorrência de lesões foi de 3,4% e as variáveis não foram associadas ao desfecho. Conclusão: A ocorrência de lesões é baixa e a prática de atividade física nesses equipamentos aparenta ser segura para a integridade física dos seus frequentadores.

  17. GPCR structure, function, drug discovery and crystallography: report from Academia-Industry International Conference (UK Royal Society) Chicheley Hall, 1-2 September 2014.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heifetz, Alexander; Schertler, Gebhard F X; Seifert, Roland; Tate, Christopher G; Sexton, Patrick M; Gurevich, Vsevolod V; Fourmy, Daniel; Cherezov, Vadim; Marshall, Fiona H; Storer, R Ian; Moraes, Isabel; Tikhonova, Irina G; Tautermann, Christofer S; Hunt, Peter; Ceska, Tom; Hodgson, Simon; Bodkin, Mike J; Singh, Shweta; Law, Richard J; Biggin, Philip C

    2015-08-01

    G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) are the targets of over half of all prescribed drugs today. The UniProt database has records for about 800 proteins classified as GPCRs, but drugs have only been developed against 50 of these. Thus, there is huge potential in terms of the number of targets for new therapies to be designed. Several breakthroughs in GPCRs biased pharmacology, structural biology, modelling and scoring have resulted in a resurgence of interest in GPCRs as drug targets. Therefore, an international conference, sponsored by the Royal Society, with world-renowned researchers from industry and academia was recently held to discuss recent progress and highlight key areas of future research needed to accelerate GPCR drug discovery. Several key points emerged. Firstly, structures for all three major classes of GPCRs have now been solved and there is increasing coverage across the GPCR phylogenetic tree. This is likely to be substantially enhanced with data from x-ray free electron sources as they move beyond proof of concept. Secondly, the concept of biased signalling or functional selectivity is likely to be prevalent in many GPCRs, and this presents exciting new opportunities for selectivity and the control of side effects, especially when combined with increasing data regarding allosteric modulation. Thirdly, there will almost certainly be some GPCRs that will remain difficult targets because they exhibit complex ligand dependencies and have many metastable states rendering them difficult to resolve by crystallographic methods. Subtle effects within the packing of the transmembrane helices are likely to mask and contribute to this aspect, which may play a role in species dependent behaviour. This is particularly important because it has ramifications for how we interpret pre-clinical data. In summary, collaborative efforts between industry and academia have delivered significant progress in terms of structure and understanding of GPCRs and will be

  18. Project STONE: A Partnership Between Academia, Business and Government to Build a Pathway to STEM Careers for K-12 Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slattery, W.; Jacomet, P.; Lunsford, S.; Suttle, C.; Grove, R. L.; Teed, R. E.

    2011-12-01

    In the US, more than 1,500 informal science venues (science centers, museums, aquariums, zoos, nature centers, national parks) are visited annually by 61% of the population. Research shows that these visitors are receptive to learning about climate change, and expect these institutions to provide reliable information about environmental issues and solutions. Given that we spend less than 5% of our lifetime in a classroom, informal science venues play a critical role in shaping public understanding. Since 2007, the New England Aquarium (NEAq) has led a national effort to increase the capacity of informal science education institutions (ISEIs) to effectively communicate about the impacts of climate change on the oceans. NEAq is now leading the NSF-funded National Network for Ocean and Climate Change Interpretation (NNOCCI), partnering with the Association of Zoos and Aquariums, FrameWorks Institute, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Monterey Bay Aquarium, and National Aquarium, with evaluation conducted by the New Knowledge Organization, Pennsylvania State University, and Ohio State University. NNOCCI's design is based on best practices in informal science learning, cognitive/social psychology, community and network building: Interpreters as Communication Strategists - Interpreters can serve not merely as educators disseminating information, but can also be leaders in influencing public perceptions, given their high level of commitment, knowledge, public trust, social networks, and visitor contact. Communities of Practice - Learning is a social activity that is created through engagement in a supportive community context. Social support is particularly important in addressing a complex, contentious and distressing subject. Diffusion of Innovation - Peer networks are of primary importance in spreading innovations. Leaders serve as 'early adopters' and influence others to achieve a critical mass of implementation. Over the next five years, NNOCCI will achieve a

  19. Draft Transportation Institutional Plan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1985-09-01

    The Department of Energy recognizes that the success of its program to develop and implement a national system for nuclear waste management and disposal depends on broad-based public understanding and acceptance. While each program element has its particular sensitivity, the transportation of the waste may potentially affect the greatest number of people, and accordingly is highly visible and potentially issue-laden. Therefore, the Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management has developed this Transportation Institutional Plan to lay the foundation for interaction among all interested parties for the purpose of identifying and resolving issues of concern. The Plan is divided into four chapters. Chapter 1 provides bachground information and discusses the purpose of the Plan and the policy guidance for establishing the transportation system. Chapter 2 introduces the major participants who must interact to build both the system itself and the consensus philosophy that is essential for effective operations. Chapter 3 suggests mechanisms for interaction that will ensure wide participation in program planning and implementation. And, finally, Chapter 4 suggests a framework for managing and resolving the issues related to development and operation of the transportation system. A list of acronyms and a glossary are included for the reader's convenience. The Plan's appendices provide supporting material to assist the reader in understanding the roles of the involved institutions. 4 figs., 1 tab.

  20. CRIS and Institutional Repositories

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A Asserson

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available CRIS (Current Research Information Systems provide researchers, research managers, innovators, and others with a view over the research activity of a domain. IRs (institutional repositories provide a mechanism for an organisation to showcase through OA (open access its intellectual property. Increasingly, organizations are mandating that their employed researchers deposit peer-reviewed published material in the IR. Research funders are increasingly mandating that publications be deposited in an open access repository: some mandate a central (or subject-based repository, some an IR. In parallel, publishers are offering OA but replacing subscription-based access with author (or author institution payment for publishing. However, many OA repositories have metadata based on DC (Dublin Core which is inadequate; a CERIF (Common-European Research Information Format CRIS provides metadata describing publications with formal syntax and declared semantics thus facilitating interoperation or homogeneous access over heterogeneous sources. The formality is essential for research output metrics, which are increasingly being used to determine future funding for research organizations.

  1. Draft Transportation Institutional Plan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1985-09-01

    The Department of Energy recognizes that the success of its program to develop and implement a national system for nuclear waste management and disposal depends on broad-based public understanding and acceptance. While each program element has its particular sensitivity, the transportation of the waste may potentially affect the greatest number of people, and accordingly is highly visible and potentially issue-laden. Therefore, the Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management has developed this Transportation Institutional Plan to lay the foundation for interaction among all interested parties for the purpose of identifying and resolving issues of concern. The Plan is divided into four chapters. Chapter 1 provides bachground information and discusses the purpose of the Plan and the policy guidance for establishing the transportation system. Chapter 2 introduces the major participants who must interact to build both the system itself and the consensus philosophy that is essential for effective operations. Chapter 3 suggests mechanisms for interaction that will ensure wide participation in program planning and implementation. And, finally, Chapter 4 suggests a framework for managing and resolving the issues related to development and operation of the transportation system. A list of acronyms and a glossary are included for the reader's convenience. The Plan's appendices provide supporting material to assist the reader in understanding the roles of the involved institutions. 4 figs., 1 tab

  2. INSTITUTIONAL REPOSITORY: EMPLOYMENT IN EDUCATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vasyl P. Oleksyuk

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The article investigated the concept of «institutional repository» and determined the aspects of institutional repositories in higher education. Institutional Repositories are information systems that allow preserving, storing and disseminating scientific knowledge produced in higher education and scientific research institutions. This study presented the main aspects using institutional repositories in educational process (such as storage of scientific and educational information, means of organization activity of students, object of studying. This article produced the structure of communities and collections of the institutional. It is described the experience of implementing of DSpace in the learning process.

  3. Institutional failures and transaction costs of Bulgarian private research institutes

    OpenAIRE

    Nozharov, Shteryo

    2016-01-01

    The paper analyses the reasons for poor performance of private research institutes in Bulgaria. In this regard the Institutional Economics methods are used. A connection between smart growth policy goals and Bulgarian membership in EU is made. The gaps in the institutional environment are identified as well as measures for their elimination are proposed. The main accent of the study is put on the identification of transaction costs, arisen as a result of the failures of the institutional envi...

  4. Program and Institutional Support : North-South Institute | IDRC ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Program and Institutional Support : North-South Institute. The North-South ... IDRC has a long history of collaboration with the NSI, most recently through an institutional support grant covering the period 2003-2006 (102129). The NSI ... IDRC and DHSC partner to fight antimicrobial resistance in animals. IDRC and the ...

  5. Institutional Repositories at Small Institutions in America: Some Current Trends

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nykanen, Melissa

    2011-01-01

    The research reported in this article was undertaken to determine the level of implementation of institutional repositories (IRs) at small institutions enrolling fewer than 10,000 students. The study analyzed quantitative and qualitative data from IRs at a number of small institutions with the aim of observing relevant patterns and trends that may…

  6. Institutional Repositories: The Experience of Master's and Baccalaureate Institutions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Markey, Karen; St. Jean, Beth; Soo, Young Rieh; Yakel, Elizabeth; Kim, Jihyun

    2008-01-01

    In 2006, MIRACLE Project investigators censused library directors at all U.S. academic institutions about their activities planning, pilot testing, and implementing the institutional repositories on their campuses. Out of 446 respondents, 289 (64.8 percent) were from master's and baccalaureate institutions (M&BIs) where few operational…

  7. Institutional Repositories in Indian Universities and Research Institutes: A Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krishnamurthy, M.; Kemparaju, T. D.

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to report on a study of the institutional repositories (IRs) in use in Indian universities and research institutes. Design/methodology/approach: Repositories in various institutions in India were accessed and described in a standardised way. Findings: The 20 repositories studied covered collections of diverse…

  8. Psychiatric Institutions and the Emerging Institutional Scene in Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... psychiatric institutions, and (ii) to report the emerging institutions providing psychiatric services in Nigeria. The method employed was the ex-post facto research which enabled content analysis technique through a critical review of documents and materials related to Nigerian orthodox psychiatric institutions and services.

  9. TTI Phase 2 Institutional Support: Indian Institute of Dalit Studies ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    This funding will enhance the Indian Institute of Dalit Studies' (IIDS) role as a credible public policy institution in India by strengthening its ability to provide high-quality, influential, and policy-relevant research. About the Indian Institute of Dalit Studies IIDS is a social sciences research centre with a focus on development ...

  10. Productivity and Institutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gylfi Zoega

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Differences in productivity account for differences in output per capita between countries as well as changes in output and the standard of living for each country over long periods of time. During the first industrial revolution, one could already see the emergence of two groups of countries: the high- and the low-GDP per capita countries. The list of countries belonging to the highproductivity group has not changed much over the past century. Differences in institutions separate the two clubs. The high-productivity group is, amongst many other differences, characterized by less corruption, a better legal system, superior enforcement of contracts, a lower cost of starting a business and lower tariffs. Historical output series for Britain going back to the mid-19th century show that productivity has increased greatly and improved the standard of living.

  11. Race/Ethnicity and Success in Academic Medicine: Findings From a Longitudinal Multi-Institutional Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaplan, Samantha E; Raj, Anita; Carr, Phyllis L; Terrin, Norma; Breeze, Janis L; Freund, Karen M

    2017-10-24

    To understand differences in productivity, advancement, retention, satisfaction, and compensation comparing underrepresented medical (URM) faculty with other faculty at multiple institutions. A 17-year follow-up was conducted of the National Faculty Survey, a random sample from 24 U.S. medical schools, oversampled for URM faculty. The authors examined academic productivity, advancement, retention, satisfaction, and compensation, comparing white, URM, and non-URM faculty. Retention, productivity, and advancement data were obtained from public sources for nonrespondents. Covariates included gender, specialty, time distribution, and years in academia. Negative binomial regression was used for count data, logistic regression for binary outcomes, and linear regression for continuous outcomes. In productivity analyses, advancement, and retention, 1,270 participants were included; 604 participants responded to the compensation and satisfaction survey. Response rates were lower for African American (26%) and Hispanic faculty (39%) than white faculty (52%, P climate and deliberative programming to support productivity and advancement.

  12. Relationships Between Culture and Institutions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schultz, Majken

    2012-01-01

    This article suggests four different relationships between institutionalism and organizational culture seen as two different levels of analysis. The relationships represent a continuum from a significant influence of the institutional level on organizational culture to a significant cultural...... influence on the formation and construction of institutions. The four relationships are defined as 1) cultural filtering of institutional pressure from isomorphism, 2) organizational culture as a source of new institutional elements, 3) organizational culture as a source of positioning towards institutions...... the relationships between culture and institutions and how they are connected. Finally, the article points at the influence of globalization challenging the national origin of many institutions when relating to a world of organizations, which increasingly are becoming global. For some companies, organizational...

  13. Models of educational institutions' networking

    OpenAIRE

    Shilova Olga Nikolaevna

    2015-01-01

    The importance of educational institutions' networking in modern sociocultural conditions and a definition of networking in education are presented in the article. The results of research levels, methods and models of educational institutions' networking are presented and substantially disclosed.

  14. National Human Genome Research Institute

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... the Director Organization Reports & Publications Español The National Human Genome Research Institute conducts genetic and genomic research, funds ... genomic literacy among physicians. Funded by the National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI), The Universal Genomics Instructor Handbook ...

  15. Progress of the array of microwave background anisotropy (AMiBA)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raffin, Philippe; Koch, Patrick; Huang, Yau-De; Chang, Chia-Hao; Chang, Joshua; Chen, Ming-Tang; Chen, Ke-Yung; Ho, Paul T. P.; Huang, Chih-Wie; Ibañez Roman, Fabiola; Jiang, Homin; Kesteven, Michael; Lin, Kai-Yang; Liu, Guo-Chin; Nishioka, Hiroaki; Umetsu, Keiichi

    2006-06-01

    The Academia Sinica, Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics (ASIAA) is installing the AMiBA interferometric array telescope at the Mauna Loa Observatory, Hawaii. The 6-meter carbon fiber fully steerable platform is mounted on the Hexapod Mount. After integration and equipment with dummy weights, the platform has been measured by photogrammetry to verify its behavior predicted by Finite Element Analysis. The Hexapod servo control is now operational and equipment of the platform with the initial 7 60-cm dishes, the correlator and electronics is underway. Pointing has started with the aid of the optical telescope. We present the status of the telescope after the servo and initial pointing tests have been carried out. We also present the results of platform measurements by photogrammetry.

  16. Leveraging Cababilities of the National Laboratories and Academia to Understand the Properties of Warm Dense MgSiO3

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mattsson, Thomas R.; Townsend, Joshua P.; Shulenburger, Luke; Seagle, Christopher T.; Furnish, Michael D.; Fei, Yingwei

    2017-06-01

    For the past seven years, the Z Fundamental Science program has fostered collaboration between scientists at the national laboratories and academic research groups to utilize the Z-machine to explore properties of matter in extreme conditions. A recent example of this involves a collaboration between the Carnegie institution of Washington and Sandia to determine the properties of warm dense MgSiO3 by performing shock experiments using the Z-machine. To reach the higher densities desired, bridgmanite samples are being fabricated at Carnegie using multi-anvil presses. We will describe the preparations under way for these experiments, including pre-shot ab-initio calculations of the Hugoniot and the deployment of dual-layer flyer plates that allow for the measurement of sound velocities along the Hugoniot. Sandia National Laboratories is a multi-program laboratory managed and operated by Sandia Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of Lockheed Martin Corporation, for the U.S. Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000.

  17. Urban experimentation and institutional arrangements

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Raven, Rob; Sengers, Frans; Spaeth, Philipp; Xie, Linjun; Cheshmehzangi, Ali; de Jong, W.M.

    2017-01-01

    Currently little is known about how institutional arrangements co-evolve with urban experimentation. This paper mobilizes neo-institutional literature and recent urban experimentation literature as a framework to explore how and why institutional arrangements differ across urban contexts.

  18. Political Corruption: An Institutional Aspect

    OpenAIRE

    Наронская, Анна Гегамовна

    2017-01-01

    This article is devoted to corruption’s impact on the functioning of political institutions. In the author’s opinion, political corruption leads to informal institutionalization and degradation of political institutions. The author concludes that public control can prevent political corruption.Key words: the political corruption, conflict of interests, formal and informal institutions, political process.

  19. Improving Institutional Report Card Indicators

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGowan, Veronica

    2016-01-01

    Institutional report cards are increasingly being used by higher educational institutions to present academic outcomes to external audiences of prospective students and parents, as well as program and institutional evaluators. While some prospective students are served by national transparency measures most users mine information from the…

  20. The International Environmental Institute: Leveraging the investment in Hanford for economic growth

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Atkin, S.D.; Schwenk, R.M.

    1994-02-01

    Billions of dollars are being invested to achieve environmental compliance at the Hanford Site. The 30-yr-plan for the Site calls for remediation and restoration followed by rampdown and closure of the US Department of Energy's (DOE) mission at the Site. The investment of the Federal government during this restoration period provides a real opportunity to go beyond the cleanup mission and convert the Site's assets to other uses that benefit the region, nation, and world. The International Environmental Institute (Institute) was created to help realize this opportunity. This is accomplished by utilizing the assets of the Site -- it's land, equipment, facilities, technologies, and people -- to achieve economic growth and worldwide spinoff benefits from the Hanford investment. The Institute is developing new ways of getting the private sector involved with the Hanford Site. We are working with local and state governments, academia, and the private sector, to jointly develop and commercialize environmental technologies and to redeploy, loan, or lease those assets that are no longer needed by the DOE. The Institute is also interacting with other communities around the world to assess models, issues, and performance measures for successful defense conversion. Through these various worldwide partnerships, the investment in Hanford can be successfully leveraged to help create the desired economic future for the Northwest and environmental industry for the world