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Sample records for abreaction

  1. Psychodrama Participants' Perception of Therapeutic Factors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kellermann, Peter Felix

    1987-01-01

    Administered questionnaire to 40 psychodrama participants and 42 controls with no psychotherapy experience to assess which specific events they would find helpful in psychotherapy. Psychodrama participants perceived emotional abreaction and cognitive insight most helpful while controls considered nonspecific healing aids most helpful. Suggests…

  2. Sexual Trauma at the Salpetriere.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ross, Colin

    2016-01-01

    Jean-Martin Charcot who studied hysteria at the Salpetriere hospital in Paris late in the nineteenth century is often portrayed as a great neurologist. According to standard accounts, his female hysterical patients imitated the seizures of epileptic patients at the Salpetriere in order to get attention because of their dramatic, self-centered natures. They were also prone to making false allegations of childhood sexual abuse. In fact, the so-called hysterical seizures were often abreactions of rapes. The patients commonly had extensive childhood sexual abuse histories, and sexual misconduct by doctors was endemic at the Salpetriere. The pathological counter-transference towards "hysterical women" at the Salpetriere has been repeated in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries in attitudes expressed towards dissociative identity disorder. PMID:27108472

  3. Bibliotherapy: a critique of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Favazza, A R

    1966-04-01

    Most of the literature on bibliotherapy has been nonscientific, because of the too broad use of the term "bibliotherapy." The author proposes, for the sake of clarification in the literature, that "bibliotherapy" be defined as a program of selected activity involving reading materials which is planned, conducted, and controlled under the guidance of a physician as treatment for psychiatric patients and which uses, if needed, the assistance of a trained librarian. Bibliotherapy, then, falls into three categories: books prescribed for a patient, books selected by a patient, and group discussion of books. Bibliotherapy may be helpful by facilitating abreaction, projection, narcissistic gratification, verbalization, constructive thinking between interviews, and reinforcement of social and cultural patterns. Bibliotherapy is probably indicated in self-motivated neurotic patients who ask for helpful reading materials. Bibliotherapy offers no panacea, but with proper scientific study may help many patients. PMID:5325817

  4. On Garden of Heart---Plan on Mental Remedy Garden at College%“蕊园”--关于高校心理修复花园的规划

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙春红

    2016-01-01

    针对大学生心理问题现状,依据心理修复途径及心理修复花园规划理论,通过合理的景点及景观设施布置,来实现心理修复的目标,于此拓展风景园林新的功能、内涵与意义,同时为高校心理健康教育提供有效的辅助手段。%Recent years has often seen psychological problems of college students .The mental health edu‐cation is of increasing importance .The campus landscape ought to provide a mental remedy platform for students to confide ,abreact ,train ,encourage ,adjust and educate by oneself ,besides conventional service of learning ,leisure ,ornament and recreation .Aiming at actuality of the psychological problems of college students ,the objective of mental remedy has been achieved in this paper by means of suitable layout of view spots and landscape facilities ,according to the approach of mental remedy and the design theories of mental remedy garden ,herein new function ,connotation and significance of landscape architecture will be expanded ,and effective auxiliary means been provided for mental health education in colleges as well .

  5. On Annie Baby's Composing Psychology from the Perspective of Psychoanalysis%安妮宝贝创作心理的精神分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈培珊

    2015-01-01

    Psychoanalytic psychology explores preconsciousness or subconsciousness in human culture and behaviors.One ex-planation for writers'composing behaviors in psychoanalysis is abreaction.In the perspective of psychoanalysis,the death,leav-ing,rebellion,and indifference expressed in Annie Baby's works are the life experiential reflection of most urban marginal per-sons,including Annie Baby herself.%精神分析心理学探究人类文化和行为的前意识或潜意识,为宣泄而创作是精神分析学对作家行为的一种解释。从精神分析角度来看,安妮宝贝的作品中所表达的死亡和告别、叛逆和冷漠,是包括安妮宝贝本人在内的城市边缘大众生活经历的反映。

  6. Transference and katharsis, Freud to Aristotle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turri, Maria Grazia

    2015-04-01

    Aristotle's theory of tragic katharsis is the most ancient and debated theory of the effect of the theatrical experience on the audience. It affirms that tragedy effects the katharsis of fear and pity, engaging readers with the controversy whether by katharsis Aristotle meant purification of the emotions (i.e. their perfection within the mind) or purification of the mind from the emotions (i.e. their abreaction from the mind). In this paper I will explore how Freud's theory of transference can suggest a new interpretation of Aristotle's tragic katharsis. Transference allows for the representation and expression of repressed emotions through the re-enactment of past relational dynamics. Although this process is essential to the psychoanalytic method, it is the subsequent analytic endeavour which allows for the "working through" of repressed emotions, bringing into effect the transference cure. I argue that the dynamic between emotional arousal in re-enactment and emotional distancing in analysis offers an effective parallel of the dynamic between katharsis of fear and katharsis of pity in Aristotle's theory. Such interpretation of tragic katharsis suggests that the theatrical effect in audiences may be an opportunity for self-analysis and the 'working through' of unconscious psychic dynamics.

  7. Resilience in China recruits and its influencing factors%中国新兵心理弹性特点及影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    缪毅; 冯国君; 李敏; 楚前; 支莉; 郭禹; 张佳佳; 许莹; 彭李

    2010-01-01

    (GSES) were applied to 2459 recruits(2231 males and 139 females, aged ( 19 ± 1.5 ) ) within two male recruits( 101.76 ± 14.06) was significantly higher than that of males (96.65 ± 15.62) ( t=4. 13, P<0. 0l ) ;Recruits with College and above education have significantly higher RSA scores than those with junior high school education and senior high school education (P < 0. 0l ). Between the only child group and non only child group, there was no significant difference in RSA total score , but significant difference existed only in three factors higher RSA group scored significantly higher in extraversion (Z = 19.13, P = 0.000), abreaction adjustment (Z =8.67, P = 0.600 ) and self-efficacy (Z = 19.48, P = 0.000 ), while scored significantly lower in the SCL-90 (Z =Resilience had significant positive correlation with extraversion, abreaction adjustment and self-efficacy, and negative correlation with the neuroticism and inhibition adjustment. Multiple linear regression analysis revealed that extraversion, neuroticism,abreaction adjustment/inhibition adjustment and self-efficacy had predictive ability to resilience( explain 41% ). Conclusion Chinese recruits have good resilience. Emotion Regulation (abreaction adjustment/inhibition adjustment), extraversion, neuroticism and self-efficacy are important influencing factors of resilience for Chinese recruits.

  8. Effect of sex on histological and histochemical structures of different parts of the kidney in Japanese quail.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mobini, Behzad; Abdollahi, MohammadHossein

    2016-09-01

    The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of gender on the histological and histochemical structures of different anatomical regions of the kidney in Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica). Tissue samples from cranial, middle and caudal divisions of each kidney were obtained from 20 male and 20 female adult, healthy Japanese quail. The sections stained with hematoxylin & eosin ( H & E: ), Masson's trichrome, Verhoeff's, Alcian blue (pH 2.5), Periodic acid-Schiff, and Gomori's method for reticulum. Unusual findings of the kidney in Japanese quail were the presence of three types of nephrons, all the connective tissue fibers in capsule and interlobular septa and AB-reactions of the proximal convoluted cells. No significant sex-based differences were found. The various histological structures of the kidney showed no significant differences among different divisions of the left and right kidneys. It is concluded that the general histological and histochemical properties of the kidney in Japanese quail were similar to those of chickens and some other species, but that there were also some differences. One of the major differences was brush border of interdigitating microvilli on luminal surface of collecting ducts in Japanese quail.

  9. 经行风疹的中药周期性治疗%Periodical treatment of Chinese herbs for menstrual rubella

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李凌

    2012-01-01

    The mechanism of menstrual rubella formed to be different shapes, characterized by itchy welts and attacked patient recurrently, they frequently came before menstruation and through the menstrual period. The mechanism of menstrual rubella in Chinese theory is heat accumulated in Yangming meridian and fur offended by wind-heat. The treatment for menstrual rubella is periodical treatment according to menstrual cycle. The basic principal is abreacting wind, nourishing Wood and eliminating heat in the premenstrual period, driving wind and removing heat in the menstrual period, nourishing blood and calming wind after menstruation. After the treatment, the chronic urticaria was cured and never attacked the patients before or during menstruation days any more.%经行风疹块,每值临经或行经期间,全身皮肤突起疹块,疹形大小不一,瘙痒异常,甚则融合成片,经净渐退,常反复发作,迁延不愈.若经行风疹为阳明积热于内,风热外侵皮毛;治疗可按月经周期性治疗,经前疏风养血,清热除湿;经期祛风清热;经后主要予以养血熄风治疗为基本治疗原则.

  10. Transference and katharsis, Freud to Aristotle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turri, Maria Grazia

    2015-04-01

    Aristotle's theory of tragic katharsis is the most ancient and debated theory of the effect of the theatrical experience on the audience. It affirms that tragedy effects the katharsis of fear and pity, engaging readers with the controversy whether by katharsis Aristotle meant purification of the emotions (i.e. their perfection within the mind) or purification of the mind from the emotions (i.e. their abreaction from the mind). In this paper I will explore how Freud's theory of transference can suggest a new interpretation of Aristotle's tragic katharsis. Transference allows for the representation and expression of repressed emotions through the re-enactment of past relational dynamics. Although this process is essential to the psychoanalytic method, it is the subsequent analytic endeavour which allows for the "working through" of repressed emotions, bringing into effect the transference cure. I argue that the dynamic between emotional arousal in re-enactment and emotional distancing in analysis offers an effective parallel of the dynamic between katharsis of fear and katharsis of pity in Aristotle's theory. Such interpretation of tragic katharsis suggests that the theatrical effect in audiences may be an opportunity for self-analysis and the 'working through' of unconscious psychic dynamics. PMID:25327434

  11. Influence of coping style on smoking behavior among middle school students in Xi'an%西安市中学生应对方式对尝试吸烟行为的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙果

    2011-01-01

    Objective To understand smoking situation of middle school students and to provide the basis for prevention and treatment of smoking behavior, the article explores the relationship between coping style and smoking behavior.Methods The questionnaire was conducted among 1 028 middle school students by random sampling from Grade eight, Grade ten and Grade twelve of 6 districts in Xi'an.Students Coping style was investigated: the relation between problem solving, seeking help, abreaction, fantasy, patience and their smoking behavior.Results The rate of young people trying to smoke was 34.1% in Xi'an.It had statistical significant of students smoking behavior among different grade and sex.The girls adopted more withdraw, abreaction and endurance than boys.The students of Grade ten were more likely to adopted problem solving, and those of grade eight were more likely to adopt problem seeking and withdraw.The students' coping style of problem-solving, avoidance, trying to imagine was related with their smoking behavior.Conclusion Coping style of middle school students is closely related to their smoking behavior.Students should be guided to use scientific methods to deal with stress so as to reduce smoking behavior.%目的 了解西安市中学生吸烟状况及其与应对方式的关系,为预防和矫治中学生吸烟行为提供依据.方法 从西安市6个城区随机抽取8所中学初二、高一和高三年级的1 028名学生,采用问卷调查分析中学生日常应对方式中问题解决、求助、发泄、幻想、忍耐与吸烟行为的关系.结果 西安市中学生尝试吸烟率为34.1%;中学生应对方式的性别、年级差异有统计学意义,女生采取退避、发泄和忍耐的方式多于男生,高三学生更多采取问题解决的方式,初二学生更多采取求助和退避的方式.中学生的问题解决、退避和幻想等应对方式与尝试吸烟行为之间存在相关.结论 中学生吸烟行为与其应对方式有密

  12. 乳腺癌患者心理应对调节与生活质量相关分析%Relationships between psychological adjustment, coping style and quality of life among breast cancer survivors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱琳; 黄雪薇

    2013-01-01

    目的 了解乳腺癌患者心理调节、应对方式与生活质量之间的相关性.方法 采用病例对照研究方法,于2008年8月-2010年8月选择广东省广州市3家三级甲等医院确诊的女性乳腺癌患者进行调查,采用Pearson相关分析方法分析患者心理调节、应对方式及生活质量三者间相关性.结果 病例组生活质量的“躯体良好和能力”与应对的“发泄”、“幻想”均呈负相关(P<0.05),生活质量的“心理良好”与应对的“幻想”、“回避与压抑”均呈负相关(P<0.05);对照组生活质量的“社会良好”与应对的“发泄”、“幻想”、“屈服”均呈负相关(P<0.05),生活质量的“社会良好”与应对的“回避与压抑”呈正相关(r =0.259,P<0.05),生活质量的“心理良好”与应对的“屈服”呈正相关(r=0.268,P<0.05).结论 不同病程的乳腺癌患者采取不同的应对方式,长期存活者更倾向于积极乐观的应对调节.%Objective To explore relationships between psychological adjustment,coping style and quality of life among breast cancer survivors. Methods With matched case-control method, 128 female breast cancer patients were randomly recruited in three grade A class Ⅲ hospitals from August 2008 to August 2010 in Guangzhou city, Guangdong province. Pearson correlation analysis was used to investigate the relationships between psychological adjustment, coping style and quality of life in the patients. Results In case group,there were inverse correlations between physical well-being and fantacy/abreaction and between psychologic well-being and fancy avoidance,oppression(Ρ<0.05 for all). In control group,there were a significant inverse correlation between social well-being and abreaction(P<0.05) and significant positive correlations between social well-being and avoidance oppression ( P < 0.05) and between psycholic well-being and yielding (P<0.05). Conclusion There are correlations between

  13. Anaesthetic and other treatments of shell shock: World War I and beyond.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKenzie, A G

    2012-03-01

    Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is an important health risk factor for military personnel deployed in modern warfare. In World War I this condition (then known as shell shock or 'neurasthenia') was such a problem that 'forward psychiatry' was begun by French doctors in 1915. Some British doctors tried general anaesthesia as a treatment (ether and chloroform), while others preferred application of electricity. Four British 'forward psychiatric units' were set up in 1917. Hospitals for shell shocked soldiers were also established in Britain, including (for officers) Craiglockhart War Hospital in Edinburgh; patients diagnosed to have more serious psychiatric conditions were transferred to the Royal Edinburgh Asylum. Towards the end of 1918 anaesthetic and electrical treatments of shell shock were gradually displaced by modified Freudian methods psychodynamic intervention. The efficacy of 'forward psychiatry' was controversial. In 1922 the War Office produced a report on shell shock with recommendations for prevention of war neurosis. However, when World War II broke out in 1939, this seemed to have been ignored. The term 'combat fatigue' was introduced as breakdown rates became alarming, and then the value of pre-selection was recognised. At the Maudsley Hospital in London in 1940 barbiturate abreaction was advocated for quick relief from severe anxiety and hysteria, using i.v. anaesthetics: Somnifaine, paraldehyde, Sodium Amytal. 'Pentothal narcosis' and 'narco-analysis' were adopted by British and American military psychiatrists. However, by 1945 medical thinking gradually settled on the same approaches that had seemed to be effective in 1918. The term PTSD was introduced in 1980. In the UK the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) guidelines for management (2005) recommend trauma-focussed Cognitive Behavioural Therapy and consideration of antidepressants.

  14. Victimology in Homicide Crime Scene Analysis (Part IV)%被害人学在命案现场分析中的应用(Ⅳ)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闵建雄

    2015-01-01

    本文是被害人学在命案现场分析中的应用系列文章第四篇,阐述被害人身体损伤对命案现场分析的作用和价值。重点放在案犯有意实施的损伤,内容主要包括六个方面,即损伤程度、特殊工具损伤、加固损伤、发泄损伤、威逼损伤、左利手损伤。文章结合具体案例,对六个方面进行了分析探讨。%As the fourth portion of the serial treatise of victimology in homicide crime scene analysis, this paper relates the homicidal crime scene analysis to victim’s body injury which can be classified into two major types, one is the trauma that the culprit intentionally enforces to exert against the victim, for example the injuries over being attacked, and another is the one caused by other reasons such as the tumbling and bruising during a crime. Here the emphasis places on the first-mentioned type because the body injury formed with purposive exertion has capacity of reflecting the conditions of the criminal’s physiology and psychology so that forensic physicians often use the traits of victim’s body injury to make judgments and decision to excavate the criminal motives and/or depict the offender. The common-discussed body injury is consisted as follows: 1. degree of damage, indicating not only the severeness to leave one victim’s life in danger but also the different injuring degrees among the dead in cases of multiple lives claimed; 2. injuries formed with special tools, those created with the shape-and-usage-specific tools which are not commonly used and seen, either; 3. intensified trauma, one that is further inflicted by the criminal to ensure death after killing the victim; 4. wound out of abreaction, like the intensified trauma, the additional damage enforced by the offender to discharge wrath following putting the victim to death; 5. coercion injuries, those of the non-lethal ones produced by the culprit to ask the victim to obey for certain purpose, usually taking

  15. 海洋钻井绞车用水冷式制动盘瞬态温度场分析%Analysis of Transient Temperature Field of Water-Cooling Brake Disc in Offshore Drilling Drawworks

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐文献; 蔡运迪; 黄秋芸; 王飞

    2011-01-01

    对海洋钻井绞车用水冷式制动盘,建立了三维瞬态热-机耦合理论模型和有限元分析模型.运用有限元分析软件ABAQUS,对钻井绞车紧急制动工况进行了数值模拟,分析了制动盘瞬态温度场分别在半径方向、周向和不同厚度处的分布特征和变化规律.计算结果表明:紧急制动时,制动盘在径向与周向均存在很大的温度梯度,相比之下,径向的温度梯度更大;制动结束时刻,温度的影响层深度很浅,盘面瞬时温度很高且高温区域集中在制动盘摩擦表面的中部区域.很高的盘面温度在短时间得不到消散是导致制动盘高温氧化的重要原因.%Theoretical model and FEM of three-dimensional transient thermo-mechanical coupling of the water-cooing brake disc for offshore drilling drawworks are established, with the real conditions of the brake disc taken into account. By using FEA software ABAQUS, an emergency braking condition is simulated, and distribution characteristics and variation disciplinarian of transient temperature distribution in radial, circular and thickness are analyzed respectively. Simulation results reveal that temperature gradient in radial direction is larger than that in circular direction at an emergency braking. Besides, at the end of braking, the depth of temperature influence layer is small and transient temperature on the disc surface is very high. What's more, the high temperature zone will concentrate in the middle of the friction area of the brake disc. The very high temperature, which can not be abreacted in a short time on the surface, is a very important reason for the high-temperature oxidation of the brake disc.

  16. 海船船员负性情绪调节策略问卷的编制%Development of regulation strategy questionnaire of sea-going seafarers' negative emotion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕静; 任威; 王鹏

    2013-01-01

    Objective To study the negative emotion regulation of sea-going seafarers,establish a regulation strategy questionnaire of sea-going seafarers' negative emotion and examine its reliability and validity.Methods Based on open-ended questionnaires and previous researches,the initial questionnaire was obtained.Randomly selected 188 sea-going seafarers,by adopting program analysis and factor analysis,the final questionnaire was determined.Tested 121 sea-going seafarers by using the final questionnaire,while 55 of them by using coping style questionnaire at the same time.After two weeks,47 of them were tested by final questionnaire again.The reliability and validity of the questionnaire were investigated during the research,and the criterion validity between the coping style questionnaire and regulation strategy questionnaire of sea-going seafarers' negative emotion was also studied.Results The factor analysis results showed that the questionnaire was composed of seeking for support,abreaction,inobservance,transfer and oppression.Cronbach α of each factors was 0.857,0.841,0.825,0.806,0.754 respectively;and Cronbach o of the entire questionnaire was 0.873.The split-half correlation coefficients were 0.697,-0.839 (P < 0.01) ; test-retest reliability coefficients were 0.706,-0.822 (P < 0.01).The correlation between subscales were-0.031,-0.459 ; and the correlation between subscales and total scale were 0.590,-0.806 (P < 0.01).Criterion validity showed that despite for the abreaction,each factor was significantly correlated with the factors of coping style questionnaire.Conclusion The sea-going seafarers' negative emotion regulation strategy questionnaire has acceptable psychometrics properties on reliability and validity.%目的 编制海船船员负性情绪调节策略问卷,并对其信、效度进行检验.方法 在开放式问卷调查和既往研究的基础上编制初测问卷,采用随机抽样法抽取188名海船船员进行预测.通过项目分析和

  17. Prevalence of Internet addiction and influencing factor among middle school students in Xuhui District of Shanghai%徐汇区中学生网络成瘾情况及其影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑光; 沙吉达; 杨帆; 刘锋; 倪红伟

    2011-01-01

    Objective To study the effect on health of middle school students with Internet addiction in Xuhui District of Shanghai, and to provide evidence for the intervention.Methods Students in six middle schools in Xuhui District of Shanghai were selected randomly, and the Internet using condition, Internet addiction disorders, life style and health status were investigated with a self-designed questionnaires.Results About 4.08% students had internet addiction disorders; the students in Internet addiction groups scored higher on the factors of harmonious, anxiety, depression and the total score of GHQ - 12 than the students in non Internet addiction group did, which had statistical difference.The study time, physicalexercise time, sleeping time, and hobby time decreased.Satisfied own requirement, using computer for game, browsing on internet for abreaction, gaining satisfaction by Internet game were the most important influencing factor.Conclusion The Internet addiction disorder has effects on midile school students’ physical and psychologieal health.%目的 探讨上海市某区中学生计算机使用成瘾情况及其影响因素,为青少年网络成瘾的干预提供依据.方法 在上海市某区随机抽取6所中学(3所初中、3所高中)的2 277名学生作为研究对象.使用自编问卷进行调查,内容包括青少年计算机使用状况、网络成瘾状况、生活方式和健康状况.结果 网络成瘾者占4.08%,成瘾人群的自我和谐因子、焦虑因子,沮丧因子以及三者综合的GHQ量表中有障碍人群比例高于无障碍人群中学生,差异有统计学学意义;网络成瘾者学习时间、体育活动时间、睡眠时间、业余爱好时间、参加娱乐时间均有不同程度的降低.上网能否满足自己的需要、使用计算机主要用于游戏、上网只是为了发泄、上网游戏具有满足感对网络成瘾的影响作用较大.结论 中学生网络成瘾对心理和生理健康有较大的影响.

  18. 入世出世心理对高中生自我效能感及应对方式的中介作用%Mediating effect of going into the world and leaving the world between self-efficacy and coping style of high school students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张瑾; 闫春平; 张改叶

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨入世出世心理对高中生自我效能感与应对方式的中介作用,为高中生解决问题能力的提高提供依据.方法 采用分层整群随机抽样法,采用一般自我效能感问卷、入世出世心理问卷和中学生应对方式量表对新乡市2所高中高一至高三年级共578名学生进行调查.结果 拼搏精神对问题解决和寻找积极的合理化解释具有正向预测作用(β值分别为0.343,0.230,P值均<0.01);低要求对高中生问题的解决起负向预测作用,对逃避有正向的预测作用(β值分别为-0.106,0.355,P值均<0.01);平常心对积极的合理化解释有正向预测作用,对发泄情绪和幻想否认有负向预测作用(β值分别为0.084,-0.188,-0.125,P值均<0.05).结论 入世出世心理对高中生自我效能感与应对方式存在一定的中介作用.培养高中生平和的心态对于强化自我效能感,促使其采取更多的积极应对方式去解决问题具有重要的现实意义.%Objective To investigate the mediating effect of going into the world and leaving the world between self-effica-cy and coping style, and to provide evidence for senior high school students' problem solving. Methods Using stratified random cluster sampling investigation, self-efficacy questionnaire, going into the world and leaving the world psychological questionnaire and coping style inventory to make a research on 578 high school students in Xinxiang city- Results The spirit of striving has a positive prediction on problem-solving and finding positive appropriate explanation (β=0.343 ,0. 230,P<0.01) ;Low demand had a negative prediction on high school students problem-solving, and a positive prediction on withdrawal(β = -0. 106,0. 355,P< 0.01) ;The usual mind had a positive prediction on positive appropriate explanation and had a negative prediction on abreacting mood and fantasy denied(β = 0.084 , P<0. 05 ;β= -0. 188 , P<0. 01 ;β= -0. 125 ,P<0. 01). Conclusion Going

  19. What becomes of infantile traumatic memories? An adult "wild child" is asked to remember.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Terr, Lenore C

    2013-01-01

    A severely traumatized child, acting like a wild animal, was removed from her parents at thirteen months of age when her three-week-old sister was found, bitten and shaken to death. (Her father was later convicted of manslaughter and imprisoned.) The older child was also covered with bite marks. When she was twenty-nine months old, this child, whom I call "Cammie," was brought to me from miles away by herfoster parents for once-monthly psychotherapy. I have treated her, stressing abreaction, context, and correction, once a month ever since. When she was five years old Cammie's foster family adopted her. She is now twenty-two. I call her the "wild child" because of the growly voice, vomiting at will, grabbing at the genitalia of strangers, and cruelties to animals that she exhibited after her rescue. Presently she attends college and is training to be a preschool teacher or an aide to pediatricians. I have taken notes on what Cammie says and does during the twenty years she has come to me. In the spring of 2011, I was asked to speak later that year about infantile memories at the Margaret Mahler Symposium, Columbia University, New York. With the organizing committee's approval, I accompanied Cammie and her adoptive mother to the October 1, 2011, meeting and asked her in front of the psychoanalytic audience to recount her oldest remembrances. She, her mother, and I spoke about the nonverbal manifestations of her memory as well. I had briefly prepared Cammie and her mother for our presentation at the Mahler Symposium, but for the most part, it was spontaneous and unrehearsed. Their comments are quoted in this article. At twenty-two the "wild child" reports no verbal memory from her first year. On the other hand, her behaviors, attitudes, and perceptions over the years have reflected what occurred to her and indicate very active nonverbal memories of the traumatic experiences. Fragments of verbal memory that she recounted in therapy between ages two and three have

  20. Regulatory emotional self-efficacy and coping style in deaf-mute sutdents%聋哑生的情绪调节自我效能感及应对方式

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘佩玲; 黄时华; 梁尚清

    2013-01-01

    seeking, rationalized explanation and patience of CSSMSS [e. G. , problem solving, (3. 5 ±0. 9) vs. (3. 9 ±0. 9), Ps <0.05], but higher in fantasy/repudiation of CSSMSS [(2. 4 ±0.5) vs. (2.3 ±0. 6), P <0. 05]. In the deaf-mute students, the scores of self-efficacy in expressing positive emotion of RESE were positively correlated with the scores of problem solving, support seeking and patience (β =0.24,0. 37,0. 22; P <0. 05). The scores of self-efficacy in managing distress were positively correlated with the scores of rationalize explanation and fantasy/repudiation (β =0. 28, 0. 21; P <0. 05). The scores of self-efficacy in managing anger were positively correlated with the scores of problem solving, seeking support, patience and abreaction (β =0. 29,0. 23,0. 34,0. 30; P <0. 05). Conclusion: It www cmhj. Cnsuggests that the deaf-mute middle school students may have lower regulatory emotional self-efficacy and be inclined tci use less problem solving, seeking support, rationalize explanation and patience coping styles, but more coping styles in fantasy/repudiation. The higher the regulatory emotional self-efficacy is, the more positive the coping effects are.

  1. The Influence of Parenting Style and Goping Style on the Occurrence of Problem Behaviors Among Troubled Adolescents%父母教养方式和应对方式对问题青少年出现问题行为的影响研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许标; 樊春雷; 高文斌

    2015-01-01

    middle school students were employed to investigate problem behaviors of adolescents , parenting style and coping style .The influence of parenting style and coping style on the total score of YSR was investigated by using stepwise regression analysis .Results The numbers of effective respondents were 112 and 109 for the problem group and the control group respectively .The problem group was higher ( P<0.05 ) than the control group in the total score of YSR .The problem group was lower ( P<0.05 ) than the control group in the scores of fatherly affection and understanding and maternal affection and understanding ; the problem group was higher (P<0.05) than the control group in the scores of father′s punishment, rigor, over-interference, refusal, denial and over-protection and mother′s punishment, rigor, over-interference, refusal, denial and over -protection.The problem group was higher ( P <0.05 ) than control group in the scores of emotion -focused coping , endurance , escape , emotion abreaction and illusion.Father′s refusal and denial, mother′s over-interference and over-protection and emotion -focus coping positively predicted the total score of YSR , and mother′s punishment and vigor negatively predicted the total score of YSR .These factors could explain the 50%of total variation.Gonclusion Both parenting style and coping style are influencing factors for the occurrence of problem behaviors among troubled adolescents .