Sample records for zhu bian chen

  1. An Interview with Chess Master Zhu Chen


    An Unforgettable Championship Interviewer (I): Before the Chinese Women’sChess Team won its first team title in the 33rd InternationalOlympic Chess Competition held in Russia in October 1998, allof you thought the competition would be stiff, didn’t you?ZHU CHEN (Zh): We had scored only moderately well againstthe Lithuanian, German and Czechoslovakian teams, whichworried our coach and captain so much that they encouraged usto fight with the spirit the Chinese people had shown incombating the floods in 1998. So you can see how difficult the

  2. 从井冈山“朱毛之争”探讨陈毅的性格特征%Exploration into the Character Traits of Chen Yi From“Zhu Mao Dispute”in Jinggangshan

    吴得民; 王庆跃


    In the late 1920s, Mao Zedong, Zhu De, Chen Yi, co-founded the Red Army and the Jinggangshan revolutionary base.But in early period of revolution, how to create a new people’s army, whether to establish the Central Military Commission or not,“Zhu Mao dispute” took place within the Red Army ,and Chen Yi was also deeply involved in the debate.The authors, from Jinggangshan“Zhu Mao struggle”, through in-depth study of revolutionary friendship created between Mao Zedong and Chen Yi in long revolutionary period,, exhibit the excellent character traits and spirit of Chen Yi,such as kindness, cheerfulness and activity, generous tolerance; magnanimous honest, being brave for self-criticism, being aboveboard, being able to speak up; dealing with people outspokenly, without cronyism, not adding insult to injury..%20世纪20年代末期,毛泽东、朱德、陈毅共同创建了红军和井冈山革命根据地。但在革命初期,在如何创建新型人民军队、是否设立军委的问题上,红军内部发生了“朱毛之争”,陈毅也卷入这场争论风波。从井冈山“朱毛之争”入手,通过深入研究毛泽东与陈毅在长期革命历程中建立的革命友情,展现了陈毅生性厚道、开朗活跃、豪爽宽容;坦荡真诚,勇于自我批判;光明磊落,敢于仗义执言;待人处事心直口快,不结党营私,不落井下石的优秀的性格特征和精神风貌。

  3. Persist in and Carry Forward the Integrative Medical Research——Speech at the 6th National General Congress of Chinese Association of Integrative Medicine by Academician CHEN Zhu,Minister of Ministry of Health


    @@ The 6th National General Congress of Chinese Association of Integrative Medicine(CAIM)was convened at 19-20,April 2008 in Beijing.Academician CHEN Zhu,the minister of Ministry of Health indicated at the congress that the integration of Chinese and Westem medicine is very well in keeping with the situation of our countw and the general rule of development in medical science;and as a good integration of Chinese medicine and Western medicine,it is mutually beneficial and advantageous to both of them.Seeing the creativity shown in integrative medical investigation in theoretic and methodological sides,we should and must persist in and develop it.

  4. The impression on Bian Yukuan



    He is a famous Chinese magic artist,a well reputed entrepreneur in exploiting the cultural market,a pioneer in reforming literary troupe system,and a cultural emissary who have made a great contribution to promote cultural exchanges between China and foreign countries.This man is Bian Yukuan, the winner of 2004 Gold Chrysanthemum Long-Life Achieve- ment Awards.the establisher and president of Malaysia Inter- national Cultural Exchange Co.,Ltd.

  5. Chen Hengzhe

    Gimpel, Denise

    been the first to write children’s literature. In 1914 she was among the first group of women to gain a Boxer Indemnity grant to study in America. The reiteration of these many “firsts” has led to a rather stereotypical portrait of Chen Hengzhe in Chinese sources and, as a result, in most Western......Chen Hengzhe has been celebrated as China’s first female professor, first professor of Western history, first person to publish a history of the West that was not a translation into Chinese. She is moreover celebrated as one of the first to write fiction and poetry in the vernacular and to have...... references to her. To date we have no critical study of her work or activities in Chinese or any other language. Chen Hengzhe’s life and textual production, however, deserve and reward closer scholarly attention. They are not only pertinent to analysis of developments in early twentieth-century China...

  6. Policewoman Chen Yaping


    1. Setting out on a mission. 2. Chen Yaping takes the time to visit people at home. 3. Taking care of elderly people. 4. Chen Yaping is in charge of an area with dozens of big and small lanes in the southern part of Beijing.

  7. [The influence of ZHU Gong's Huo ren shu (A Book for Savings Life)in the Southern Song Dynasty and its Influence on the discipline of Cold Pathogenic Disease].

    Lu, Ming-Xin


    ZHU Gong's Huo ren shu (A Book for Saving Life) is a famous work in the history of research on Treatise on Cold Damage Diseases. It has great influence on the study of cold pathogenic disease, especially that of the Song dynasty. Many authors reedited or annotated this book to inherit and developed the idea of the Huo ren shu. Thus, a lot of new books, including annotations, revisions, citations, or discussions, appeared. WANG Su's Zeng shi nan yang huo ren shu (Amplified Annotated Huorenshu), for example, is one of them. Those compiled as rhymes or knacks include XU Shu-wei's Shang han bai zheng ge (The Rhymes of Hundred Kinds of Cold Damage Disease), LI Zhi-xian's Huo ren shu kuo (Introduction to Huorenshu), QIAN Wen-li's Shang han bai wen ge (Hundred Questions on Cold Damage Disease), YANG Shi-ying's Shang han lei shu huo ren zong kuo (A General Introduction to Huorenshu, a Classified Book of Cold Damage Disease), and TANG Yin-cai's Shang han jie huo lun (Essay to Answering Suspicions on Cold Damage Disease). Those cited or inherited the book include LI Cheng's Shang han yao zhi (Gist of Cold Damage Disease), GUO Yong's Shang han bu wang lun (Supplements to Cold Damage Disease), SUN Zhi-ning's Shang han jian yao shi shuo (Ten Simple Discourses on Cold Damage Disease), and CHEN Zi-ming's Guan jian da quan liang fang (A Complete Effective Formulary with my Own Opinions). Those differentiating the essentials of the Huorenshu including CHENG Jiong's Huo ren shu bian (Differentiation for Huorenshu), and LU Zu-chang's Ni jin huo ren can tong yu yi (An Elaboration on Huorenshu to be Presented). All the above books indicate the impact of the Huorenshu, and show its influence on later ages as well.

  8. 陈水扁又玩"三通"牌%Editorial: Chen Shui-bian Playing the "Three Links" Card Again


    @@ 早就料到陈水扁会再玩"三通"牌. 果不其然,8月13日,陈水扁抛出两岸三阶段直航时程表,紧接着,8月15日,台湾"行政院"公布"两岸直航技术评估报告",紧锣密鼓,一副煞有介事之状,台湾媒体跟着炒作,然而不知相信者有几人?

  9. Prof. Zhu Zuoyan Met with ISI Delegation

    Liu Xiuping; Chen Huai


    @@ On March 27, Prof. Zhu Zuoyan, Vice President of NSFC, met with a three-member delegation from the Institute for Scientific Information (ISI), USA headed by Dr. James Testa, Director of Editorial Development of ISI.

  10. Thorium and uranium redox-active ligand complexes; reversible intramolecular electron transfer in U(dpp-BIAN)2/ U(dpp-BIAN)2(THE)

    Schelter, Eric John [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Wu, Ruilian [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Scott, Brian L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Thompson, Joe D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Batista, Enrique R [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Morris, David E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Kiplinger, Jaqueline L [Los Alamos National Laboratory


    Actinide complexes of the redox-active ligand dpp-BIAN{sup 2-} (dpp-BIAN = bis(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)acenaphthylene), An(dpp-BIAN){sub 2}(THF){sub n} (An = Th, n = 1; An = U, n = 0, 1) have been prepared. Solid-state magnetic and single-crystal X-ray data for U(dpp-BIAN){sub 2}(THF){sub n} show when n = 0, the complex exists in an f{sup 2}-{pi}*{sup 4} configuration; whereas an intramolecular electron transfer occurs for n = 1, resulting in an f{sup 3}-{pi}*{sup 3} ground configuration. The magnetic data also indicate that interconversion between the two forms of the complex is possible, limited only by the ability of THF vapor to penetrate the solid on cooling of the sample. Spectroscopic data indicate the complex exists solely in the f{sup 2}-{pi}*{sup 4} form in solution, evidenced by the appearance of only small changes in the electronic absorption spectra of the U(dpp-BIAN){sub 2} complex on titration with THF and by measurement of the solution magnetic moment m d{sub 8}-tetrahydrofuran using Evans method. Electrochemistry of the complexes is reported, with small differences observed in wave potentials between metals and in the presence of THF. These data represent the first example of a well-defined, reversible intramolecular electron transfer in an f-element complex and the second example of oxidation state change through dative interaction with a metal ion.

  11. Tunable Electrochemical and Catalytic Features of BIAN- and BIAO-Derived Ruthenium Complexes.

    Hazari, Arijit Singha; Das, Ankita; Ray, Ritwika; Agarwala, Hemlata; Maji, Somnath; Mobin, Shaikh M; Lahiri, Goutam Kumar


    This article deals with a class of ruthenium-BIAN-derived complexes, [Ru(II)(tpm)(R-BIAN)Cl]ClO4 (tpm = tris(1-pyrazolyl)methane, R-BIAN = bis(arylimino)acenaphthene, R = 4-OMe ([1a]ClO4), 4-F ([1b]ClO4), 4-Cl ([1c]ClO4), 4-NO2 ([1d]ClO4)) and [Ru(II)(tpm)(OMe-BIAN)H2O](2+) ([3a](ClO4)2). The R-BIAN framework with R = H, however, leads to the selective formation of partially hydrolyzed BIAO ([N-(phenyl)imino]acenapthenone)-derived complex [Ru(II)(tpm)(BIAO)Cl]ClO4 ([2]ClO4). The redox-sensitive bond parameters involving -N═C-C═N- or -N═C-C═O of BIAN or BIAO in the crystals of representative [1a]ClO4, [3a](PF6)2, or [2]ClO4 establish its unreduced form. The chloro derivatives 1a(+)-1d(+) and 2(+) exhibit one oxidation and successive reduction processes in CH3CN within the potential limit of ±2.0 V versus SCE, and the redox potentials follow the order 1a(+) oxidation and primarily BIAN- or BIAO-based successive reduction processes. The aqua complex 3a(2+) undergoes two proton-coupled redox processes at 0.56 and 0.85 V versus SCE in phosphate buffer (pH 7) corresponding to {Ru(II)-H2O}/{Ru(III)-OH} and {Ru(III)-OH}/{Ru(IV)═O}, respectively. The chloro (1a(+)-1d(+)) and aqua (3a(2+)) derivatives are found to be equally active in functioning as efficient precatalysts toward the epoxidation of a wide variety of alkenes in the presence of PhI(OAc)2 as oxidant in CH2Cl2 at 298 K, though the analogous 2(+) remains virtually inactive. The detailed experimental analysis with the representative precatalyst 1a(+) suggests the involvement of the active {Ru(IV)═O} species in the catalytic cycle, and the reaction proceeds through the radical mechanism, as also supported by the DFT calculations.

  12. [Pt(mesBIAN)(tda)]: a near-infrared emitter and singlet oxygen sensitizer.

    Rachford, Aaron A; Hua, Fei; Adams, Christopher J; Castellano, Felix N


    The synthesis and subsequent photophysical investigation of [Pt(mesBIAN)(tda)], where mesBIAN is bis(mesitylimino)acenaphthene and tda is tolan-2,2'-diacetylide, reveal excited-state characteristics best described as triplet charge transfer ((3)CT) in nature upon visible light excitation. Large ground-state dipole moments are apparent as the absorption spectrum dramatically red-shifts with decreasing solvent polarity. The (3)CT excited state is significantly lower in energy than the ligand-centered (3)tda excited-state, as confirmed by steady-state and time-resolved techniques. Singlet oxygen sensitization studies demonstrate that (1)O(2) production occurs by diffusive quenching from the photo-excited (3)CT state (Phi(Delta) = 0.24, lambda(max) approximately 1270 nm) in oxygen-saturated dichloromethane.

  13. Poetic Comnos er Chen Qigang


    ON visiting Chen Qigang’s web page( and seeing his picture,the viewer knows immediately that this is noordinary person. Chen’s essential boldness,sensitivity and warmth show clearly in his face. Onreading his resume about his studies in France, and hiscompositions that were a departure from traditionalChinese music, this impression is endorsed. His tutor,Olivier Messiaen, a master of 20th century modernmusic, once remarked, "His compositions reveal truecreativeness, great talent, and a perfect assimilation ofEuropean musical concepts into Chinese thought."On his emergence into contemporary classical music, few of Chen’s peers acknowledged the originality of his work. Years later, his talent, unconventional-ity, and refusal to be constrained by contemporary Western musical mores have won him recognition. In January 2003, the UK record company EMI/Virgin is to release Chen Qigang’s CD (The Five Elements, Reflections on Years Past, and Butterfly in Love with Flowers).

  14. Dr. Lin Zhu's Clinical Experience in Treating Mental Disorders

    Ma Xueqing; Wang Xinzhong


    @@ Mental disorders are mainly caused by the emotional factors. Chief physician Lin Zhu, a famous TCM doctor in Beijing, is very good at treating this kind of disorders. The following is a summary of Prof. Lin's experience in this aspect.

  15. 朱琪%Zhu Qi



    朱琪,1935年生,原卫生部中国健康教育研究所研究员,历任行为教育、疾病预防、性病艾滋病预防教育研究室主任。1980年代后期,因致力于艾滋病预防教育而进入性学研究领域,着重性道德教育研究。曾任卫生部艾滋病专家咨询委员会委员、中国性学会秘书长、副理事长、《中国性科学》杂志主编、北京心理卫生协会副理事长等。现任北大医学部性学研究中心研究员。%Zhu Qi,born in 1935,a researcher at the China Institute of Health Education of the former Min-istry of Health,served as the office director of behavioral education,disease prevention and AIDS prevention educa-tion.Dedicated AIDS prevention education,he set foot in the field of sexology research in the late 1980s,focusing on sexual morality education.He once severed as a committee member of the former Ministry of Health AIDS Expert Advisory Committee,Secretary -General and Vice Chairman of the China Sexology Association and chief editor of the Chinese Journal of Human Sexuality and vice president of Beijing Mental Health Association.He is now a re-search in the Sexology Research Center of Peking University Health Service Center.

  16. Ranking solvent interactions and dielectric constants with [Pt(mesBIAN)(tda)]: A cautionary tale for polarity determinations in ionic liquids.

    Baker, Gary A; Rachford, Aaron A; Castellano, Felix N; Baker, Sheila N


    The solvatochromic properties of [Pt(mesBIAN)(tda)] are studied in traditional molecular solvents and ionic liquids and duly compared along established empirical solvent parameter scales. The charge-transfer absorption band of [Pt(mesBIAN)(tda)] is determined to be primarily dependent upon solvent acidity and dipolarity. Notably, ionic liquids do not obey the same well-behaved trend as molecular solvents, highlighting the complexity and domain (nano)segregation inherent to ionic liquids.

  17. On a result of Imin Chen

    Edixhoven, B


    We give another proof of Imin Chen's result that the jacobian of the modular curve X(p)_{non-split}, for p a prime number, is isogeneous to the new part of the jacobian of X_0(p^2), using only the representation theory of the group GL_2(Z/pZ). In fact, we prove a generalization of Chen's result for objects with an action by GL_2(Z/pZ) in any pseudo-abelian Q-linear category.

  18. [On Bian Que and the culture of witch doctor of Eastern Yi Ethnic Group as viewed from the Picture of Bian Que's Needling in the stone-carved figure of Han Dynasty].

    Yang, J P; Wang, Z G; Lu, X


    The culture of witch doctor of the Eastern Ethnic Yi Group exerted profound influence on early acupuncture art and medicine. There is a score of Bian Que's Needling Picture in the stone-carved figure unearthed in Shandong Province, demonstrating the origin of acupuncture in the region of Eastern Yi Ethnic Group. Bian Que, with the identity of witch doctor, and"doctor stone needling witch"with the legend of a professional acupuncturing indicates the important influence of witch doctor on the origin of acupuncture art.The archeological discovery of tortoise shell, divination carved on bones, and conical needles all buried together in the Da-wen-kou culture indicates that the earliest therapy witch doctor applied was related to needling. As a representative of the Eastern Yi Ethnic Group, Bian Que,"the Father of Medical Prescription"was the embryonic form of early acupuncture art, promoted the formation and development of early medical theory, the theory of pulse feeling, being the important part of the early stage of origin of needling-pulse feeling theory.

  19. Rapid determination of polysaccharides in BianTi Soft extract by spectrophotometry coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry

    Minxia Zheng


    Full Text Available A simple approach for the rapid determination of polysaccharides in BianTi Soft Extract using spectrophotometry coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS was developed. The mixed standard solution composed of D-glucose, D-mannose, galactose and D-xylose in different proportions (1.00: 1.01: 0.12: 0.05 was prepared according to the monosaccharide composition analysis of the polysaccharides by GC-MS. The determination of polysaccharides by UV-Vis spectrophotometer was performed after 35-min color reaction, in which 1 ml 5% phenol and 4 ml sulfate was used. The assay of the method validation has shown that the method was stable, reliable and feasible. Furthermore, the proposed method was successfully applied in the preparation procedure of BianTi Soft Extract, selecting out optimal decoction conditions and suitable decoction container. It suggests that the convenient method could be useful for the quality control of BianTi Soft Extract. Meanwhile, it may be an alternative for polysaccharides determination of other formulations.

  20. [ZHU Lian's New Acupuncture Academic System and acupuncture science initialization].

    Zhang, Shujian; Zhang, Lijian


    Acupuncture scientization was a consensus of most of acupuncture scholars who had long-term perspectives in the 20th century, among them Ms. ZHULian was the important one. Ms. ZHU Lian built a systemic new acupuncture" academic structure in practice and theory aspects. At the same time, as the main architect of Institute of Acupuncture-moxibustion of China Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Ms. ZHU Lian was the first one who began to carry out the acupuncture clinical trail and laboratory experiment in modern way, which meant "acupuncture therapy" was transformed into "acupuncture science" by Ms. ZHULian's endeavor.

  1. Dr.Zhu Hongming's Experience in Treating Chronic Gastritis



    @@ Dr. Zhu Hongming has engaged in TCM internal medicine for more than 40 years and accumulated rich clinical experience, especially in the treatment of diseases of the spleen and stomach. The following is a brief introduction to his experience in TCM differential treatment of chronic gastritis.

  2. Prof. Zhu Zuoyan Met with Director General of ANR

    Fan Yingjie; Lu Rongkai


    @@ On Feb. 2, 2007, Prof. Zhu Zuoyan, Vice President of NSFC met with Ms. Jacqueline Lecourtier, Director General of the French National Research Agency (Agence Nationale de la Recherche, ANR) and Mr.Bernard Belloc, the Science and Technology Counselor of the French Embassy in China.

  3. Teacher Bian-zhi Bank:New Mechanism of Teacher "Bian-zhi" Allocation in Compulsory Education Stage Under Background of Urbanization%教师编制银行——城镇化背景下义务教育教师编制配置的新机制

    姜超; 邬志辉


    Educational population mass lfow becomes a new normal phenomenon under the background of urbanization. Educational population mass flow increases in demand of teacher flow. Many influent factors of teacher flow can be focused on teacher "Bian-zhi"problem. Traditional allocation mode of "teacher Bian-zhi" has some obvious disadvantages. Teacher "Bian-zhi" marketing conforms to the trend of government function innovation. Teacher "Bian-zhi" bank——including six basic elements "vacancy area, redundant area, deposition Bian-zhi, loan Bian-zhi, Bian-zhi interest, Bian-zhi principal"——is a beneifcial exploration to teachers "Bian-zhi" resource allocation. At the same time, teachers "Bian-zhi" bank operation also need to meet certain conditions, and teachers "Bian-zhi" marketing does not conlfict with the administrative mode.%城镇化背景下教育人口大规模流动成为新常态.教育人口大规模流动提高了教师流动需求.教师流动的诸多影响因素可以聚焦于"教师编制"问题.传统教师编制配置的行政模式存在缺陷.教师编制市场化运作符合政府职能转变大趋势.由"缺编地区、超编地区、存入编制、借贷编制、编制利息、编制本金"六个基本要素所构成的教师编制银行运行模式,是对教师编制资源优化配置的有益探索.同时,教师编制银行的运作也需要满足一定条件,教师编制配置的市场模式同行政模式并不矛盾.

  4. Synthesis and structural characterisation of (aryl-BIAN)copper(I) complexes and their application as catalysts for the cycloaddition of azides and alkynes.

    Li, Lidong; Lopes, Patrícia S; Rosa, Vitor; Figueira, Cláudia A; Lemos, M Amélia N D A; Duarte, M Teresa; Avilés, Teresa; Gomes, Pedro T


    A series of Ar-BIAN-based copper(I) complexes (where Ar-BIAN = bis(aryl)acenaphthenequinonediimine) were synthesised and characterised by (1)H and (13)C NMR spectroscopies, FT-IR spectroscopy, MALDI-TOF-MS spectrometry, cyclic voltammetry and single crystal X-ray diffraction. The bis-chelated complexes of general formula [Cu(Ar-BIAN)(2)]BF(4) (where Ar = C(6)H(5) (1), 4-iPrC(6)H(4) (3), 2-iPrC(6)H(4) (4)) were prepared by reaction of [Cu(NCMe)(4)]BF(4) with two equivalents of the corresponding Ar-BIAN ligands, in dichloromethane, while the mono-chelated complexes of the type [Cu(Ar-BIAN)L(2)]BF(4) (where Ar = 2,6-iPr(2)C(6)H(3), L = PhCN (6); Ar = 4-iPrC(6)H(4), L = PPh(3) (7)) were readily accessible by treatment of [Cu(NCR)(4)]BF(4) (R = Me, Ph) with one equivalent of the corresponding Ar-BIAN ligands in the absence or presence of two equivalents of PPh(3), in the same solvent. The structures of complexes 3, 4, 6 and 7 were obtained by single crystal X-ray diffraction, showing distorted tetrahedral geometries around the copper centres in all cases. The electrochemical studies of these complexes and of the already reported [Cu(2,4,6-Me(3)C(6)H(2)-BIAN)(2)]BF(4) (2) and [Cu(2,6-iPr(2)C(6)H(3)-BIAN)(NCMe)(2)] (5), demonstrated that the bis-chelated complexes 1-4 undergo a reversible one-electron reduction or oxidation processes on copper, while the mono-chelated complexes 5-7 show a partially reversible oxidation and an irreversible reduction feature. Both kinds of (Ar-BIAN)copper(I) complexes are active catalysts for the copper(I)-catalysed azide-alkyne cycloaddition reaction (CuAAC). Complex 7, bearing PPh(3) ligands, exhibits the highest catalytic activity, which is comparable with that of the typical CuSO(4)-sodium ascorbate catalyst system.

  5. CPAFFC President Chen Haosu Visits Japan


    <正>To further exchanges and cooperation between the people of China and Japan and enhance ties between the CPAFFC and Japanese non-governmental friendly organizations, President Chen Haosu visited Japan at the head of a CPAFFC delegation from February 7 to 12.

  6. Titanisierung von Implantatoberflächen

    Zimmermann, Hanngörg; Heinlein, Markus; Guldner, Norbert W.

    Titan gilt seit Jahrzehnten als einer der wichtigsten Implantatwerkstoffe in der Medizin. Neben den guten mechanischen Eigenschaften (Leichtigkeit, hohe Festigkeit etc.), besitzen Titanimplantate vor allem eine hervorragende Körperverträglichkeit, so dass die Implantate optimal in den humanen Organismus integriert werden [1]. Ist jedoch aufgrund der Anforderungen an das Implantat eine hohe Flexibilität und/ oder Elastizität gefragt, so scheidet der Werkstoff Titan aufgrund seiner spröden und unflexiblen Materialeigenschaften aus. Die Folge ist der Einsatz von Implantatmaterialien, sowohl künstlichen als auch biologischen Ursprungs, welche nicht selten eine unzureichende Biokompatibilität aufweisen und somit zu Fremdköper- und immunologischen Reaktionen und Einkapselung des Implantates führen können. Die Erhöhung der Körperverträglichkeit, eine Adaption an das biologische Umfeld und eine hohe Biokompatibilität sind demzufolge die wichtigsten Eigenschaften bei der bedarfsgerechten Herstellung von Implantaten und Implantatoberflächen. Zur Gestaltung von innovativen, biokompatiblen Oberflächen stehen unterschiedliche technische Lösungsansätze zur Verfügung. Zum einen besteht die Möglichkeit, geeignete Oberflächeneigenschaften aus dem Grundmaterial selbst zu optimieren. Dies geschieht unter anderem durch Modifikation der Werkstoffoberflächen in Form von Texturierungen und Oberflächenrauhigkeiten. Zum anderen können die Oberflächeneigenschaften unabhängig von denen des Trägermaterials gestaltet werden. Durch Funktionalisierung der Oberflächen mit geeigneten Beschichtungen oder der Zugabe von Medikamenten (Drug Eluting) werden die Kunststoffimplantate dahingehend verändert, dass eine Steigerung der Körperakzeptanz erreicht wird. Die Titanbeschichtung von Implantatoberflächen kombiniert die positiven Materialeigenschaften von Titan und Polymer.

  7. Diligence and Love—Vice Mayor Zhu Weifang


    TWENTY-SEVEN years ago, along with the wave of re-education of young graduates, an 18-year-old Shanghai girl went alone to: kettle at Tongzi Township, Guichi County, Anhui Province. Twenty-five years later, she became vice mayor of Hefei, capital of Anhui Province. She is also a member of a democratic party among the municipal officials. Zhu Weifang arrived at the remote Tongzi Township from Shanghai in 1969.

  8. New Administrator of SAC, Chen Gang


    On June 14th,SAC held a meeting presented by its middle-high officials,at which Zhang Qinrong,Member of CPC Leading Group and Director of Personnel Department,General Administration of Quality Supervision,Inspection and Quarantine (AQSIQ),announced the personnel decision made by the State Council,the Organization Department of the CPC Central Committee and AQSIQ.In the decision,Chen Gang was appointed as Member of CPC Leading Group of AQSIQ,Administrator of SAC and Secretary of CPC Leading Group of SAC,and Ji Zhengkun was dismissed as the Member of CPC Leading Group of AQSIQ,Administrator of SAC and Secretary of CPC Leading Group of SAC.The meeting was presided by Ji Zhengkun.Zhi Shuping,Minister of AQSIQ and Secretary of CPC Leading Group of AQSIQ,attended the meeting and gave a speech.Ji Zhengkun and Chen Gang also delivered speeches.

  9. 朱熹与闽南多元宗教%Zhu-xi and Southern Fujian Multi-religions



    Southern Fujian, well-known as a Buddhism realm, is the convergent area of multi-religions. Zhu-xi was Tongan county registrar of Quanzhou prefecture during his early official career, while at his old age he chaired as magistrate of Zhangzhou prefecture, from which to form countless ties with southern Fujian multi-religions. Before securing his official position in Quanzhou, Zhu-xi had an intermixed learning:not only being edified by Confucius, Mencius, and idealist philosophy of the two Mr. Chen,but also often consulted Buddhist, visited the temples and practiced Buddhism. At the early stage of his official position in Tongan, Zhu-xi once indulged himself in Buddhism, nevertheless due to the political, economic and cultural reality of the whole Southern Song dynasty society as eye- viewed from Tongan county and Quanzhou prefecture, which made him get divorced from Buddhism and be re-affiliated to Confucius. The incident of Hu-jia~s setting up multi-storey building (Islamic temple) in Quanzhou provided references for him to deal with the challenges from Buddhism along with Manichean. Zhu-xi occasionally got involved with southern Fujian Manichean (Zoroastrianism) during his official career in Quanzhou, nevertheless when he took charge of Zhangzhou as magistrate he forbade it. In conclusion, Zhu-xi dealt with southern Fujian Multi-religions in a way of merging them but not of tolerating them.%闽南素称“佛国”,为多元宗教聚集之地。朱熹初仕任泉州同安县主簿,晚年出知漳州,与闽南多元宗教有着千丝万缕的关系。仕泉之前,朱熹所学杂驳,既受孔孟学说和二程理学的熏陶,又曾问禅学佛,访道焚修。同安任初,朱熹也曾沉浸于佛道。然而,通过从同安一县及泉州一郡透视整个南宋社会政治、经济、文化现实,使其接受李侗之教而“逃禅归儒”。泉州之“胡贾建层楼”(伊斯兰教寺)事件为朱熹应对禅佛教、摩尼教的挑战

  10. Chaos synchronization between two different 4D hyperchaotic Chen systems

    Liu Yang-Zheng; Jiang Chang-Sheng; Lin Chang-Sheng; Jiang Yao-Mei


    This paper presents chaos synchronization between two different four-dimensional (4D) hyperchaotic Chen systems by nonlinear feedback control laws.A modified 4D hyperchaotic Chen system is obtained by changing the nonlinear function of the 4D hyperchaotic Chen system,furthermore,an electronic circuit to realize two different 4D hyperchaotic Chen systems is designed.With nonlinear feedback control method,chaos synchronization between two different 4D hyperchaotic Chen systems is achieved.Based on the stability theory,the functions of the nonlinear feedback control for synchronization of two different 4D hyperchaotic Chen systems is derived,the range of feedback gains is determined.Numerical simulations are shown to verify the theoretical results.

  11. Zhu Dacheng, Vice-President of CAFIU Visit Norway and Germany


    At the invitation of Norway Moral Rearmament (MRA) and Friedrich Ebert Stiftung(FES), CAFIU sent a delegation headed by Mr. Zhu Dacheng, Vice-President of CAFIU to visit Norway and Germany from May 17 to 27. During their visit in Norway, Zhu met with Mr. Inge Lonning, Deputy-Speaker of Parliament and


    Li Guanghan; Wu Chuanxi


    A submanifold in a complex space form is called slant if it has constant Wirtinger angles. B. Y. Chen and Y. Tazawa proved that there do not exist minimal proper slant surfaces in CP2 and CH2. So it seems that the slant immersion has some interesting properties. The authors have great interest to consider slant immersions satisfying some additional conditions, such as unfull first normal bundles or Chen's equality holding. They prove that there do not exist n-dimensional Kaehlerian slant immersions in CPn and CHn with unfull first normal bundles. Next, it is seen that every Kaehlerian slant submanifold satisfying an equality of Chen is minimal which is similar to that of Lagrangian immersions. But in contrast, it is shown that a large class of slant immersions do not exist thoroughly. Finally, they give an application of Chen's inequality to general slant immersions in a complex projective space, which generalizes a result of Chen.

  13. Functional identification of an exon 1 substitution in the myostatin gene and its expression in breast and leg muscle of the Bian chicken.

    Zhang, G X; Zhang, T; Wei, Y; Ding, F X; Zhang, L; Wang, J Y


    1. The objective of this study was to verify the functional effects of the c.234G>A substitution in the myostatin (MSTN) gene and ascertain the mechanism by which the variant affects growth traits in the Bian chicken. 2. The c.234G>A substitution was detected by PCR-RFLP analysis in the 7th-generation Bian chickens and three genotypes (AA, AG and GG) were identified. Results showed that the substitution was significantly associated with all studied growth traits, except first-d-weight, in female Bian chickens. 3. Based on these results, the substitution was used in gene-assisted selection for growth traits and thus fast-growth (AA genotype) and slow-growth (GG genotype) lines were successfully established. Significant differences in growth traits were detected between the fast-growth and slow-growth lines from 6 to 16 weeks of age. Furthermore, all slaughter traits, except leg muscle rate, were significantly different between the fast-growth and slow-growth lines. 4. Expression analysis showed that the relative expression level of MSTN in chickens with GG and AG genotypes were significantly higher than that in chickens with an AA genotype, both in breast and leg muscle. Chickens in the slow-growth line had significantly higher relative expression level of MSTN compared to chickens in the fast-growth line, both in breast and leg muscle. 5. The results suggest that the c.234G>A substitution in the myostatin (MSTN) gene negatively regulates the expression of MSTN in the Bian chicken and that it may be used in marker-assisted selection to accelerate the chicken breeding process.

  14. Adaptive synchronization of Chen chaotic system with uncertain parameters

    LIU Yu-liang; ZHU Jie; DING Da-wei


    By the control method independent of system parameters, synchronization of two Chen chaotic systems with identical, but uncertain parameters is discussed in this article. Based on Lyapunov's theorem, an adaptive controller and the parameters estimate update law are derived to make the solution of the error dynamical equation converge at the point E(0, 0, 0) with a quick speed, that is, the states of two Chen chaotic systems can be asymptotically synchronized. Numerical simulations verify the effectiveness and the adaptivity to the variation of Chen system parameters.

  15. Comparisons between Liang Shiqiu's and Zhu Shenghao's Hamlet from the Perspective of Translator's Subjectivity



    For the Chinese versions of Hamlet,Liang Shiqiu's and Zhu Shenghao's translations can be called the classic. Becasue the two great translators have their own choices, their versions differ a lot. In the translating process, translator's subjectivity plays an important role and it is one of the major reasons for emerging different translation. The thesis mainly talks about Liang Shiqiu's and Zhu Shenghao's different versions from the perspective of translator's subjectivity by comparison.

  16. Pioneer of Nonferrous Metallurgy Education——Chen Xinmin


    Situated at the foot of Yuelu Mountain in Changsha,is the cradle ofnonferrous metal scientific workers—Central.South University of Tech-nology,Professor Chen Xinmin has been working here for nearly forty

  17. Chen's Scrappiing of "NUC" and U.S. Predicament

    Li Qingchun


    @@ On February 27, 2006, Chen Shuibian announced his decision to cease the operation of the "National Unification Council (NUC) and the application of its guidelines," which further increased the risk of "Taiwan independence." Chen's campaign for "Taiwan independence," which in essence was an attempt to change the status quo, thus gravely damaging the cross-strait relations. The next day,the White House and U. S. State Department made a separate response. On the one hand, they argued that Chen didn't change the status quo as he only "freezed" instead of "abolishing" the "NUC"and its guidelines. On the other hand, they urged the leaders of mainland China and the Taiwan authorities to go back to the negotiation table. ① Such understatement and seeming evenhandedness by the U.S. shows its acquiescence to the reality of Chen's abolition of the"NUC," and its limited ability to control Chen's activities for "Taiwan independence." In the coming two years, Washington's current Taiwan policy will hardly continue to work, as Chen will steadily promote the modification of "The Constitution" and the "legal independence." The U. S. must make an option between allowing the "Taiwan independence" forces to impinge on its "one-China policy' and clearly suppressing the movement for "Taiwan independence."

  18. Bya rog prog zhu, The raven crest : the life and teachings of bDe chen 'od gsal rdo rje treasure revealer of contemporary Tibet

    Terrone, Antonio


    This research starts from the historical assertion that notwithstanding their claim of increased religious tolerance, the dramatic post-Mao political campaigns have continued to weaken the pervasive force of religious faith, traditional monastery-centered religious power, religious leadership, and e

  19. Bya rog prog zhu, The raven crest : the life and teachings of bDe chen 'od gsal rdo rje treasure revealer of contemporary Tibet

    Terrone, Antonio


    This research starts from the historical assertion that notwithstanding their claim of increased religious tolerance, the dramatic post-Mao political campaigns have continued to weaken the pervasive force of religious faith, traditional monastery-centered religious power, religious leadership, and e

  20. Discussion on manufacturing techniques of Chen Zhang Pot

    Fan Taofeng


    Full Text Available The Chen Zhang Pot, made in the late Warring States period is an openwork bronze pot with gold and silver inlay. It was identified as a first-class historical relic of the nation by the State Administration of Cultural Heritage in 2001. To explore its manufacturing techniques, XRF, CT and X-Ray photograph microscopic observation were adopted for the non-destructive examination of the Chen Zhang Pot. The analysis data show that many parts of the Chen Zhang Pot were cast separately, and then assembled. It also shows that the composition proportion of each part of the Chen Zhang Pot is different; and the bronze color, hardness and tensile strength are different for each alloy proportion. A variety of decoration techniques were adopted in the manufacturing process, which make the color more diverse and gorgeous. The openwork decoration is the most complex part of the pot, and the gold and silver decoration technique also represents the high level manufacturing technology in the Warring States period. In summary, the Chen Zhang Pot is a unique art treasure, and as a specimen it allows us to study the bronze casting technology in the Warring States period.

  1. Passive control and synchronization of hyperchaotic Chen system

    Zhang Qun-Jiao; Lu Jun-An


    This paper investigates the control and synchronization of hyperchaotic Chen system based on the passive theory.By using two outputs,novel passive controllers are respectively designed to realize the globally asymptotical stability of the hyperchaotic Chen system and the error dynamical system,which avoids mistakes in Ref.[ll],where function W(z) cannot guarantee that f0(z) is globally asymptotically stable via only one output and W(z) is the Lyapunov function of f0(z).Furthermore,numerical simulations are given to show the effectiveness of our method.

  2. 论宋绣与汴绣的盛衰演变%Study on rise and fall of evolution about Song embroidery and Bian embroidery



    The author gives definition to Song embroidery and Bian embroidery firstly, then analyzes the development, prevalence and causes of decline about Song embroidered in specific historical environment,describes its sewing fine, art forms blended with painting charm, popular degree by every class and position and impact in China's embroidery. As historical testimony, Bian embroidery reflects the lively regional and historical background. On the basis of inheriting Song embroidery skill, this paper introduces colorful nature on innovation and development of its techniques and the art orientation of themes form.%对宋绣与汴绣给予了界定,分析了宋绣在特定历史环境中的产生、发展、盛行及衰落的因为,阐述了其针线细密,融会书画神韵的艺术形态,受到各阶层人们喜爱的程度及在中国绣品中的地位和产生的影响;论述了汴绣作为历史见证,体现了鲜活的地域历史背景,在继承宋绣技艺的基础上,其技法创新和发展的多彩性,题材形式的艺术取向性.

  3. Optimization of Preparation Process from BianTi Soft Extract%辨体调理膏制剂过程优化分析

    沈洁; 钱松祥; 李海龙; 郑敏霞


    Objective: To optimize the preparation process and screen appropriate decoction conditions of BianTi Soft Extract for standardized production of traditional Chinese tonic extract. Methods: Decoction conditions ( addition of water,frequency of decoction and decocting time) of herb in BianTi Soft Extract were studied by the three- factor, three-level orthogonal experiment. The decoction efficiency and the content of hesperidin were analyzed by HPLC, with ANOVA of hesperidin content. Purple casserole, porcelain pot, and stainless steel pot were used in the assay for selecting appropriate decoction container. Molten methods of asses glue and tortoise -shell glue were studied, including molten by hot water,rice wine and molten with water in microwave oven. Content of protein in the three ways were detected by UV spectroscopy to choose the optimal molten method. Results: Three times of decoction, decocting time of 30 min and 8 multiples of water would be the appropriate decoction conditions of BianTi Soft Extract. Purple casserole should be chosen as the container and rice wine would be suitable in the molten of asses glue and tortoise -shell glue. Thus, the quality and therapeutic effects of BianTi Soft Extract could be guaranteed. Conclusion: The proposed method is simple, feasible and reliable for the manufacturing process of BianTi Soft Extract. Furthermore, it may be an alternative for preparation of other tonic extracts.%目的:优化辨体调理膏制剂工艺过程,筛选出合适的煎膏条件,以期为中药膏滋药规范化生产提供依据.方法:采用3因素3水平正交试验法考察膏方药材的煎煮条件(加水量、煎煮次数、煎煮时间),并结合HPLC分析药材有效成分的煎出率和橙皮苷含量,以橙皮苷含量为指标进行方差分析;选用砂锅、陶瓷锅和不锈钢锅进行膏方煎膏容器的筛选,以HPLC分析结果作为筛选标准;采用水加热烊胶、黄酒加热烊胶、水溶微波烊胶考察阿胶、龟

  4. [Zhu Lian's characteristics and experiences in clinical practice of acupuncture and moxibustion].

    Wei, Li fu; Pan, Xiaoria; Liu, Bing; Yue, Jin; Zhang, Lijian


    This paper aims at discussing the clinical characteristics and experiences of ZHU Lian, the renowned contemporary acupuncture master from the following three aspects: "characteristics of clinical manipulations and techniques", "thoughts on diagnosis and treatment" and "examples of clinical cases". The study has shown that ZHU Lian invented the slow insertion technique by rotating needle and the embedding needle technique, improved moxibustion technique with moxa roll and proposed the three keys on the treatment with acupuncture and moxibustion, as well as discovered new acupoints for treatment. The pioneering and distinguished achievements she con tributed play the great demonstrating and driving role in the development of clinical study and practice of acupuncture and moxibustion.

  5. Flowing Within the Text:A Discussion on He Lin's Explanation of Zhu Xi's Method of intuition

    Zhang Xianglong


    The author examines He Lin's interpretation of Zhu Xi's method of intuition from a phenomenological-hermeneutical perspective and by exposing Zhu's philosophical presuppositions.In contrast with Lu Xiangshan's intuitive method,Zhu Xi's method of reading classics advocates "emptying your heart and flowing with the text" and,in this spirit,explains the celebrated "exhaustive investigation on the principles of things (ge wu qiong li)." "Text," according to Zhu,is therefore not an object in ordinary sense but a "contextual region" or "sensible pattern" that,when merged with the reader,generates meanings.Furthermore,by discussing the related doctrines of Lao Zi,Zhuang Zi,Hua-Yan Buddhism,Zhou Dunyi,and Zhu Xi's own "One principle with many manifestations (li yi fen shu)," the author identifies the philosophical preconditions of Zhu's method.Based on this analysis,the author goes on to illustrate Zhu's understanding of "observing potential yet unapparent pleasure,anger,sorrow and happiness" and "maintaining a serious attitude (zhu jing)."

  6. Univariate and multivariate Chen-Stein characterizations -- a parametric approach

    Ley, Christophe


    We provide a general framework for characterizing families of (univariate, multivariate, discrete and continuous) distributions in terms of a parameter of interest. We show how this allows for recovering known Chen-Stein characterizations, and for constructing many more. Several examples are worked out in full, and different potential applications are discussed.

  7. Beauty and physics: 13 important contributions of Chen Ning Yang

    Shi, Yu


    In 2012, Chen Ning Yang received a 90th birthday gift in the form of a black cube inscribed with his 13 most important contributions, which cover four major areas of physics: statistical mechanics, condensed matter physics, particle physics and field theory. We briefly describe these 13 contributions and make general comments about Yang's distinctive style as a trailblazing leader in research.

  8. The Chen-Fliess approximation for diffusion functionals

    Litterer, Christian


    We show that a large class of functionals of a stochastic differential equation can be approximated by a Chen-Fliess series of iterated stochastic integrals and give a L^{2} error estimate, thus generalizing the standard stochastic Taylor expansion. The coefficients in this series are given a very intuitive meaning by using functional derivatives, recently introduced by B. Dupire.

  9. CPAFFC President Chen Haosu and His Party in Ukraine


    <正>At the invitation of the Ukraine-China Society (UCS), CPAFFC President Chen Haosu and his party paid a visit to Kiev and Yalta from June 5 to 9. Leonid Kravchuk, honorary president of the UCS and first Ukrainian

  10. CPAFFC President Chen Haosu Visits Yemen and Jordan


    <正>From March 10 to 19, a CPAFFC delegation headed by its President Chen Haosu paid a goodwill visit to Yemen and Jordan as guests of the Yemeni-Chinese Friendship Association (YCFA) and the Jordan-China Friendship Society (JCFS).

  11. CPAFFC President Chen Haosu Leads Delegation to Iceland and Denmark


    <正>At the invitation of the Icelandic-Chinese Cultural So-ciety (ICCS) and the Friendship Association Denmark-China, the CPAFFC delegation headed by President Chen Haosu visited Iceland, Denmark and the Faroe Islands from November 18 to 29, 2003.On November 22, in collaboration with the ICCS and the Chinese Association of Iceland, the delegation held a kite show

  12. Chaos Synchronization on Parameters Adaptive Control for Chen Chaotic System

    ZHOU Ping


    Chaos synchronization of Chen chaotic system for parameters unknown is discussed in this paper using a scalar output. Using the concept of conditional Lyapunov exponents, the negativity of all Lyapunov exponents shows the synchronization of transmitter systems with receiver systems even though system parametes are not known to receiver systems.

  13. 卞崇道与《日本问题研究》的学术因缘%Bian Chongdao and Journal of Japanese Research ’Academic Links



    卞崇道先生是中国日本哲学研究领域的领军人物,也是《日本问题研究》杂志的特约编委,在《日本问题研究》面临转型与突破的那段岁月,一直鼎力相助、施以援手,甚至在他生命的最后时刻仍不忘杂志的事情。在卞先生去世近一周年之际,我们相约几位日本哲学与思想界的专家、也是卞崇道先生生前的后学和朋友,推出一组文章以此纪念先生。文章从《日本问题研究》与卞先生的交往历程,缅怀卞先生为人、为学的崇高风范,并告慰他对《日本问题研究》作出的重大贡献。%Mr. Bian Chongdao is our Japanese philosophy research leader, is also the"Japanese research"magazine contributing editors, in "Japanese Studies" that time face transformation and breakthrough, has been for their help, help, even at the last moment of his life still does not forget magazine. In the recent years Mr. Bian died occasion, we meet several Japanese philosophy and ideology of experts, is Mr Bian Chongdao's followers and friends, a group of articles to commemorate mr.. This article from the"communication of Japanese research"and Mr. Bian, cherish the memory of Mr. Bian for people to learn, lofty, and comfort him for"signiifcant contribution"to the Japanese research.

  14. Fuzzy Sliding Mode Control for Hyper Chaotic Chen System



    Full Text Available In this paper, a fuzzy sliding mode control method is proposed for stabilizing hyper chaotic Chen system. The main objective of the control scheme is to stabilize unstable equilibrium point of the system by controlling the states of the system so that they converge to a pre-defined sliding surface and remain on it. A fuzzy control technique is also utilized in order to overcome the main disadvantage of sliding mode control methods, i.e. chattering problem. It is shown that the equilibrium point of the system is stabilized by using the proposed method. A stability analysis is also performed to prove that the states of the system converge to the sliding surface and remain on it. Simulations show that the control method can be effectively applied to Chen system when it performs hyper chaotic behavior.

  15. Chen's Iterated Integral represents the Operator Product Expansion

    Kreimer, D


    The recently discovered formalism underlying renormalization theory, the Hopf algebra of rooted trees, allows to generalize Chen's lemma. In its generalized form it describes the change of a scale in Green functions, and hence relates to the operator product expansion. Hand in hand with this generalization goes the generalization of the ordinary factorial $n!$ to the tree factorial $t^!$. Various identities on tree-factorials are derived which clarify the relation between Connes-Moscovici weights and Quantum Field Theory.



    Professor Chen Guoda,a department member of Academia Sinica,a tu-tor of doctoral and post-doctoral students in the Central South Univer-sity of Technology,has been engaged in geological teaching and researchfor more than 50 years.His most important contribution is to found theworldwide praised Diwa theory,which enjoys high prestige in the geo-logical community.

  17. Textual research on the author of Dsheng bian (Compiled Texts on Successful Birth)%《达生编》作者考



    Dasheng bian (Compiled Texts on Successful Birth), a famous book of TCM obstetrics compiled by JI Zhai-a lay Buddhist in the Qing dynasty, had a great influence on posterity. However, the name and the life of JI Zhai, is seldom known by the people. According to the record in the Biography of Physicians of Past Generations in China, JI Zhai took his mother's surname. According to the County An-nals of Huoshan cited by Research on Chinese Medical Books of Xin' an of WANG Le-tao, the name of JI Zhai is Ye Feng, another name is Weifeng, the alias is JI Zhai. Ji Zhai made a sign of "ZHANG Ji-zhai's recording" in the marginal notes of Jizhai jiying qifang Jijiumen (emergency section of urgent and rare pre-scriptions of Ji Zhai), which told us that Ji Zhai took his mother's surname of Zhang: his father's surname was Ye. According to the Recording of Gaily-painted Pleasure Boat in Yangzhou of LI dou, Dasheng bian was finished after JI Zhai collected the experiences of Wang midwife in Yangzhou.%亟斋居士所撰为清代中医产科名著,对后世影响很大.但亟斋居士的姓名、生平却少有人知.据何时希记载,亟斋居士系从母姓.又据王乐匋引知亟斋居士名叶风,字维风,号亟斋.又亟斋居士在"旁批"中有"张亟斋记",可知亟斋居士从母姓张,其父姓叶.另据李斗可知系亟斋居士整理扬州王氏接生婆经验而成.

  18. Determination of linear alkylbenzenesulfonates in modern sediments from core Zhu-9 and its significance


    High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) has the advantages of rapid analysis and high sensitivity. In the present study a suitable analytical condition has been established for HPLC, and the LAS in modern sediments from core Zhu-9 at the Pearl River mouth has been determined by HPLC. The concentrations of C12-LAS homologues are the highest. The sedimentation flux of C12-LAS was correlated with the average flow of the Xijiang and Beijiangrivers: the higher the flow rate, the larger the C12-LAS sedimentation flux. This shows that the more rapidly the river flows, the shorter the LAS will stay in freshwater, the less the extent of biodegradation, the larger the C12-LAS sedimentation flux in the core Zhu-9.

  19. Petroleum geology of the Zhu-1 depression, Pearl River Mouth Basin, People's Republic of China

    Aguilera, C.L.; Huizinga, B.J.; Lomando, A.J. (Chevron Overseas Petroleum Inc., San Ramon, CA (USA))


    The Pearl River Mouth basin, located in the South China Sea between Hainan Island and Taiwan has been the focus of an intense exploration effort during the l980s. In 1979 the international oil industry, acquired over 60,000 km of seismic, gravity, and magnetic data covering an area of approximately 240,000 km{sup 2}. Three major subbasins, Zhu-1, Zhu-2, and Zhu-3 were defined. Chevron in partnership with Texaco and AGIP (ACT group), concentrated their effort on the Zhu-1 depression which was interpreted to contain as much as 7,800 m of sedimentary section. This subbasin, bounded by the Wansha and Donsha massifs to the north and south, is the most inboard of the three depressions, thereby possibly prolonging anoxic lacustrine conditions prior to the Neogene marine incursion. Additionally, the Zhu- 1 depression should have directly received Miocene sediment potentially supplying the subbasin with high-quality reservoirs. Within the Zhu-1 depression, the ACT group focused in on Block 16/08, which covered the deepest part of the Zhu-1 depression. The block was awarded to the consortium in January 1983. Structuring within the block ranges from Paleogene tensional block faulting created during the early formation of the overall Pearl River Mouth basin to draping over basement highs and carbonate buildups during the Neogene. The Pearl River Mouth basin exhibits classic rift basin geometry with early nonmarine continental fluvial/lacustrine deposition (Zhuhai Formation) during the Oligocene and capped by a lower Miocene marine incursion (Zhu Jiang Formation). Integrated interpretations, exploration drilling, and constant refinement of the geological model led to the discovery of two oil fields, Huizhou/21-1 and Huizhou/26-1, both of which are currently under development and will represent the first commercial oil production from the entire Pearl River Mouth basin.

  20. A Study of CHEN Yi′s Historical Contribution to Jinggangshan Revolutionary Base Area%试析陈毅对井冈山革命根据地建设的历史贡献

    孙伟; 李清平


    CHEN Yi was one of the main leaders during the period of struggle in Jinggangshan,and he had made a great deal of contribution to the consolidation and development of Jinggangshan revolutionary base area.For exam-ple,he helped ZHU De reserve the fire of revolution and led the troops to reunite in Jinggangshan;he assisted MAO Ze-dong with ideological and political work to enhance the combat effectiveness of the armed forces;he helped MAO Ze-dong and ZHU De direct battles to smash enemies′military attacks.%陈毅是井冈山斗争时期的主要领导人之一,他为井冈山革命根据地的巩固和发展作出了重要贡献。如协助朱德保存革命火种,率部会师井冈山;辅佐毛泽东做思想政治工作,提升部队战斗力;协助毛泽东、朱德指挥战斗,粉碎敌人军事进攻。

  1. Chaotic attractor transforming control of hybrid Lorenz-Chen system

    Qi Dong-Lian; Wang Qiao; Gu Hong


    Based on passive theory, this paper studies a hybrid chaotic dynamical system from the mathematics perspective to implement the control of system stabilization.According to the Jacobian matrix of the nonlinear system, the stabilization control region is gotten.The controller is designed to stabilize fast the minimum phase Lorenz-Chen chaotic system after equivalently transforming from chaotic system to passive system. The simulation results show that the system not only can be controlled at the different equilibria, but also can be transformed between the different chaotic attractors.

  2. Dynamic states of a unidirectional ring of chen oscillators

    Carvalho, Ana [Faculty of Sciences, University of Porto, Rua do Campo Alegre s/n, 4440-452 Porto, Portugal (Portugal); Pinto, Carla M.A. [School of Engineering, Polytechnic of Porto, Rua Dr António Bernardino de Almeida, 431, 4200-072 Porto, Portugal (Portugal)


    We study curious dynamical patterns appearing in a network of a unidirectional ring of Chen oscillators coupled to a ‘buffer’ cell. The network has Z{sub 3} exact symmetry group. We simulate the coupled cell systems associated to the two networks and obtain steady-states, rotating waves, quasiperiodic behavior, and chaos. The different patterns appear to arise through a sequence of Hopf, period-doubling and period-halving bifurcations. The network architecture appears to explain some patterns, whereas the properties of the chaotic oscillator may explain others. We use XPPAUT and MATLAB to compute numerically the relevant states.

  3. On Bian Que and the culture of witch doctor of Eastern Yi Ethnic Group as viewed from the Picture of Bian Que's Needling in the stone-carved figure of Han Dynasty%从汉画像石“扁鹊针刺图”谈扁鹊与东夷巫医文化

    杨金萍; 王振国; 卢星


    The culture of witch doctor of the Eastern Ethnic Yi Group exerted profound influence on early acupuncture art and medicine.There is a score of Bian Que' s Needling Picture in the stone-carved figure unearthed in Shandong Province,demonstrating the origin of acupuncture in the region of Eastern Yi Ethnic Group.Bian Que,with the identity of witch doctor,and "doctor stone needling witch" with the legend of a professional acupuncturing indicates the important influenee of witch doctor on the origin of acupuncture art.The archeological discovery of tortoise shell,divination carved on bones,and conical needles all buried together in the Da-wen-kou culture indicates that the earliest therapy witch doctor applied was related to needling.As a representative of the Eastern Yi Ethnic Group,Bian Que,"the Father of Medical Prescription" was the embryonic form of early acupuncture art,promoted the formation and development of early medical theory,the theory of pulse feeling,being the important part of the early stage of origin of needling-pulse feeling theory.%东夷巫医文化对针砭之术的发源及早期医学有着重要影响.山东出土的10余幅扁鹊针刺汉画像石,揭示了东夷地区针砭之术的起源;有着巫医身份的扁鹊及有着针刺职业传承的“鋮巫氏”,说明巫医对针刺的发源有着重要影响;大汶口文化考古发现龟甲卜骨与针锥同葬,说明了巫医最早行施的医术与针刺有关;“扁鹊言医,为方者宗”,以扁鹊为代表的东夷巫医文化,孕育了医学最早的针刺技术,促进了医学早期理论——脉学理论的形成发展,使针刺脉学成为医学发源时期的重要内容.

  4. CPAFFC President Chen Haosu Attends UCLG-ASPAC Council Meeting


    <正>A CPAFFC delegation headed by its president Chen Haosu attended the meetings of the Executive Bureau and the Council of United Cities and Local Governments-Asia Pacific Regional Section (UCLG-ASPAC) and the Annual Regional Training Forum with the themes of "Investment Climate: Economic Development and Employment Growth; City Cleanliness: Environmental Sustainability" in Batam, Indonesia from April 14 to 17. About 200 local government representatives from Indonesia and other countries and regions in the Asia Pacific region participated in the meeting. Chen Haosu who is also president of UCLG-ASPAC made an opening speech at the Annual Training Forum, in which he called on UCLG-ASPAC members to join the efforts to make the Second UCLG World Congress that would be held in Jeju, ROK in October this year a grand gathering of solidarity of local governments the world over and to show the achievement of unity and cooperation of the Asia Pacific region. At the Annual Training Forum, Liu Yang, deputy director of the Foreign Affairs Office of the Beijing Municipal Government, spoke on the theme of "Investment Climate". He gave an account of the efforts made and results achieved by Beijing in creating a favourable investment environment. Members of the next UCLG World Council and World Executive Bureau were elected at the meeting. Beijing was elected member of the World Council and the Executive Bureau.

  5. Modeling phantom energy wormholes from Shan-Chen fluids

    Wang, Deng


    In recent years, cosmic observational data have reported that our present universe is undergoing an accelerated expansion, which has been termed as mysterious "dark energy" phenomena, that is, the origin of dark energy has not been determined yet. According to our previous work that a new equation of state \\cite{X.Shan and H.Chen1993} can be employed to explain the dark energy, and we are very interested in investigating the astrophysical scale properties of dark energy based on the new cosmological fluids given that the universe is filled with a dark energy fluid everywhere. Hence, in this paper, we study the exact solutions of spherically-symmetrical Einstein field equations describing wormholes supported by phantom energy from Shan-Chen (SC) fluids by considering an obvious relation between the transversal pressure and energy density which is different from our previous work \\cite{111}. We have still investigated the important case $\\psi\\approx1$ which corresponds to the " saturation effect ", and this reg...

  6. Synchronization in lattices of coupled non-autonomous Chen system via Lyapunov function

    CHEN tao; ZHOU Sheng-fan


    This paper consider the synchronization of solutions for lattices of the coupled non-autonomous Chen system. By using the Lyapunov function, we show that when the second coupled operator is negative definite self-adjoint and its coefficient is suitable large, the Chen coupled lattice system is bounded dissipative (In particular, the solutions for lattices of the coupled autonomous Chen system converge to zero as t→∞). The synchronization between any two solutions of the coupled Chen system can be slaved only by coefficients in the x- or y-component for the suitably large second coupled coefficient. Finally,some numerical simulations are given.

  7. A new species of the genus Interphasma Chen & He, 2008 (Phasmida: Clitumninae: Medaurini) from Sichuan, China.

    Ho, George Waichun; Shi, Fuming


    Chen and He erected the genus Interphasma in 2008 (Chen & He, 2008). Thirteen species are recognized in this Chinese endemic genus which is distributed in eastern to south-western China (Chen & He, 2008; Chen & Zhang, 2008; Xu et al., 2010). In this paper, a new species, I. lizipingense sp. nov., is described and illustrated from Sichuan, China. A key to the species of the genus is given. The types are deposited in the Museum of Hebei University (HBU) and Hong Kong Entomological Society (HKEM). Full measurements are given to all the types in millimeter (mm.).

  8. Analysis of the Royalism in Song Yu's Jiu Bian%析宋玉《九辩》的忠君思想



    《九辩》是宋玉骚体赋的代表,是其身世遭遇的自述。全诗围绕“贫士失职而志不平”展开,将忠君思想融入个人理想,抒发了忠于君而君不知的孤独、苦闷情绪。忠君思想贯穿全诗,是理解诗人情感表达的关键所在。忠君思想的表达与《九辩》自称词的使用特点是一致的,忠君思想是联系人生之秋与社会之秋的心理基础,是宋玉思想矛盾的根源。%Jiu Bian is Song Yu's representative Fu of Sao style, and his self-statement. The whole poem centers on his losing office but losing no heart, integrates the royalism into his own ambition, conveys his lonely and depressed emotion of unappreciated loyalty. The royalism serves as a leitmotif of the poem and the key to understanding the poet's emotional expressions. It is consistent with the usage of self-addressing words, the mental foundation between the autumn in life and society, and the origin of Song Yu's mental conflicts.

  9. Bian Zheng Lun Zhi as a Complementary and Alternative Treatment for Menstrual Cramps in Women with Dysmenorrhea: A Prospective Clinical Observation

    Pin-Yi Lin


    Full Text Available Background. Limited scientific evidence supports the positive effects of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM for treating dysmenorrhea. Thus, an observation period of 3 months could verify the ancient indication that TCM treatments effectively alleviate menstrual cramps in women with primary dysmenorrhea or endometriosis. Methods. A prospective, nonrandomized study (primary dysmenorrhea and endometriosis groups was conducted in women with dysmenorrhea for more than three consecutive menstrual cycles. All patients received TCM prescriptions based on bian zheng lun zhi theory 14 days before menstruation for a period of 12 weeks. Pain intensity was evaluated using a 10-cm visual analogue scale and two validated questionnaires (the Menstrual Distress Questionnaire and the World Health Organization Quality of Life questionnaire. Results. Of the initial 70 intent-to-treat participants, the women with dysmenorrhea reported significant alleviation of cramps during menstruation after the 12-week TCM treatment. Mixed model analysis revealed that TCM prescriptions were more effective in alleviating fatigue, hot flashes, dizziness, painful breasts, excitement, and irritability in the primary dysmenorrhea group (N=36 than in the endometriosis group (N=34. Conclusion. TCM prescriptions based on syndrome differentiation theory might be a potentially viable choice for treating painful menstruation and premenstrual symptoms after ruling out endometriosis.

  10. Primary Exploration about Yu Xin's Ni Lian-Zhu%庾信《拟连珠》初探



    在对连珠体的形成与演变加以概述的基础上,从题旨、语言形式与艺术表现手法、逻辑推理方式三方面探究了庾信《拟连珠》的艺术成就,并将其与陆机的《演连珠》进行比较,认为庾信的《拟连珠》虽直接脱胎于陆机的《演连珠》,但正是经过庾信的点化,才使得连珠获得了自我的个性生命色彩。%On the basis of summarizing the condition about Lian-Zhu's formation and evolvement,this thesis has explored the artistic achievement of about Yu Xin's Ni Lian-Zhu from three aspects:thematic role;form of language and artistic technique of expression,and compared it with Lu Ji's Yan Lian-Zhu,this thesis considered,although Yu Xin's Ni Lian-Zhu comes directly from Lu Ji's Yan Lian-Zhu,Lian-Zhu is no other than sublimated by Yu Xin's,it then has received its own individual living feature.

  11. Analysis on Chi-Chen Wang's Adaptation of Chapters in the English Translation of Hongloumeng



    Chi-Chen Wang tries hard to translate out the contents that are of interest to the western common readers. This paper is a study of Chi-chen Wang's adaptation of chapters in his two English abridged translations of Hongloumeng, hoping to be of practical use on the study of translation practice.

  12. Parameter identification and synchronization of an uncertain Chen chaotic system via adaptive control

    陈士华; 赵立民; 刘杰


    A systematic design process of adaptive synchronization and parameter identification of an uncertain Chen chaotic system is provided. With this new and effective method, parameter identification and synchronization of the Chen system, with all the system parameters unknown, can be achieved simultaneously. Theoretical proof and numerical simulation demonstrate the effectiveness and feasibility of the proposed method.

  13. 朱熹的科学素养%Zhu Xi's Scientific Literacy



    阐述科学素养的内涵,说明培养科学素养的重要性,古希腊和古代中国从文明时代开始时就培养学生的科学素养,朱熹通过后天修习掌握相关的时代科学知识、科学方法、科学思想和科学精神来培养自己的科学素养,并利用科学素养来解决相关的时代问题,特别是在儒学的重建中,朱熹较高的科学素养发挥了重要的作用。%The article explains the meaning of scientific literacy,and illustrates the importance of cultivating scientific lit-eracy.In fact the ancient Greece and ancient China trained student's scientific literacy from the start of the Civilized Age. Zhu Xi cultivated his scientific literacy by mastering relevant knowledge of science,scientific method,scientific thinking and scientific spirit,and used scientific literacy to solve related problem at his times.Zhu Xi ’s higher science literacy plays an especially important role in the reconstruction of Confucianism.

  14. Enjoyment without Licentiousness,Grief without Excess——The probe into artistic conception of Bian Cheng%乐而不淫,哀而不伤——《边城》的审美意境探析



    The artistic conception of Bian Cheng includes three points: the harmonious beauty of human and nature,the mystic beauty of maiden's love,and the tragic beauty of variable ways of the world.It reflects the traditional aesthetic thought——enjoyment without licentiousness,grief without excess.%《边城》的审美意境包括人与自然的和谐美、少女情感的朦胧美和人事无常的凄凉美,它鲜明地体现了"乐而不淫,哀而不伤"的传统美学思想。

  15. 诗艺的讲究:卞之琳论诗断简考释%Stress on the Art of Poetry:Textual Criticism on Bian Zhilin's Stray Fragments on Poetry



    文章对卞之琳在20世纪40年代在《燕京新闻》发表过两封论诗的书简及发表的情况略作钩沉,并对书简中所谈及的卞之琳译介里尔克、霍斯曼诗作的情况略作说明,由此对卞之琳围绕刘芃如所译霍斯曼诗作的音韵问题以及另一位收信人所问及的写诗的素养等问题,就诗的音乐性及诗的格律、读诗的方法等问题所做的表述加以分析,力求揭示其讲究诗艺的艺术追求背后,试图通过译诗来为中国现代白话新诗的写作提供借鉴和参考并以格律的创建来推动中国现代白话新诗的发展这一持久的诗学理想所具有的重要意义。%This article offers an exploration of the esoteric status and the publication of Bian Zhilin's two letters in the Yanching News in the 1 940s with an explanation of Bian's translation of Rilk and Horseman as mentioned in the let-ters.Then with regard to Bian Zhilin's comments on the problem of rhyming in Liu Pengru's translation of Horseman as well as on the qualification for the writing of poetry being inquired by another recipient of the letters,this article presents an analysis of Bian Zhilin's statement on the issues of musicality,meter,and methods of reading poetry.It attempts to reveal what truly lies hidden in his artistic pursuit for poetic stress,that is,the enduring significance of the poetic ideal through translation of poetry in order to provide reference for the creative writing of Chinese modern vernacular poetry and offer guidelines to promote the development of Chinese modern vernacular poetry through the creation of metric forms.

  16. A Global View of Zhu Zi's Philosophy%全球化视野中的朱子学



    当前,朱子学的研究已是一种超越国界、超越历史的学术活动,朱子学研究的全球化早已成为一个既成事实。朱子学是行动的哲学,实践的哲学。早在700年前,朱子思想积极参与了东亚思想一体化进程,此时的朱子已经是世界化的朱子。立足于当代与未来,全球化需要什么样的朱子学?朱子学的精神怎样参与人类精神的建构?我们认为,在全球化的背景下,朱子关于“全体大用”、“理一分殊”、书院教育、身心修炼、家礼、关爱弱势群体、文化谱系的承传等理念仍具有积极的现代意义。只有把朱子学真正落实为一种全球共同遵循的生活方式,这才是真正意义上的朱子学的全球化。%At present ,the study of Zhu Zi's philosophy has gone beyond national borders and has be-come a kind of globalized academic activity .Zhu Zi's philosophy is the philosophy of action and practice .As early as 700 years ago ,Zhu Zi's philosophy was actively involved in the thought integration process of East Asia ,making Zhu acknowledged worldwide .Yet ,what kind of a Zhu Zi philosophy does the world need in the modern time?And how can this philosophy participate in the reconstruction of the mental world of hu-man beings?We believe many of the concepts in Zhu Zi's thought ,such as"Mighty Human Mind","united in one ,divided in millions" academy education ,physical and mental cultivation ,family ritual ,care for the disadvantaged ,inheritance of cultural genealogy ,are still of positive and constructive meaning for the pres-ent time .The true sense of making Zhu Zi's philosophy globalized is to implement it in the way of life of the whole world .

  17. Preventing and Treating Actions of Compound Lian Zhu Capsule on Micrangium Lesions in Diabetic Rats

    Duan Wenzhuo; Gong Haimin; Wang Jiafu; Ding Yi; Liu Tongmei; Wang Jianying; Li Yueqing


    Tissue culture, biochemical techniques and radioimmunoassay were used to study the effects of Compound sugar, glycosylated hemoglobin (GHb), urinary protein and malondialdehyde (MDA) contents, aldose reductase (AR) activity and 3H-TdR incorporation rate in the vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) were significantly higher, and plasma NO content in the diabetes mellitus (DM) group were significantly lower than those in the normal control group (both P<0.05). The above indexes in the Chinese medicine (TCM)treatment group were improved significantly as compared with the DM group, with no significantly differences, except urine volume and urinary protein, as compared with the normal control group. It is suggested that Compound Lian Zhu Capsules can significantly alleviate the complicated lesions of the micrangium in diabetic rats.

  18. CPAFFC President Chen Haosu Leads Delegation to Local Government Climate Change Leadership Summit


    <正>From June 1 to 10, a CPAFFC delegation led by its president Chen Haosu attended the Local Government Climate Change Leadership Summit and the UCLG World Council Meeting in Copenhagen, Demark. The Local

  19. No name learning place:Bian Chongdao and Japanese philosophy study%未名庐学记:卞崇道及其日本哲学思想研究管窥



    卞崇道先生是中国日本哲学思想研究领域中“过渡时代的领军人物”,作为新的历史时期日本哲学思想史学科基础的坚定夯实者、高层次中日哲学思想研究学术交流事业的杰出组织者和胸怀全局并及时总结学科发展、关心青年一代成长的循循善诱的引领者,卞先生在当代中国日本哲学思想研究的学术发展进程中留下了浓墨重彩的一笔。%Mr. Bian Chongdao is the Chinese Japanese philosophy research in the field of "transitional era leader", as an outstanding organizer ifrmly rammed Japanese philosophy history foundation, the high level of philosophy of academic career and the overall situation in mind the new historical period and summarize the subject development, concerned about the growth of the younger generation of be good at giving systematic guidance the leader of academic development, Mr. Bian in the study of Japanese Philosophy in contemporary China has left a thick and heavy in colours.

  20. A Study on Zhu Pei's View on The Book of Songs%朱霈诗经学论略



    朱霈治《诗》颇具怀疑精神,其以《氓》为异国之人淫于外州;《鸡鸣》为太师所奏乐曲;《无衣》为关武公;《采蘩》非夫人亲蚕之作;《汉广》诗与婚嫁有关。如此等等,敢于质疑前贤,自出新解。%Zhu Pei had the spirit of skepticism when he studied The Book of Songs. In his view, Meng is a poem which portraits a stranger in Wei; Ji Ming is a piece of music played by senior grand tutors; Wu Yi is a poem which praises Wu Gong; Hart Guang is a piece of poetry related to marriage, etc. Zhu Pei dared to question his predecessors, and speak out his own opinion.

  1. 朱自清的述学文体%ZHU ZI-qing's Academic Paper Writing



    In this paper,we will mainly concern ZHU Zi-qing's academic paper writing in vision of genre,the first question is how to write papers with modern Chinese,and what his practice has contributed to enhance status of modern Chinese after the May 4th movement;what's more,as a modern Chinese writer whose academic achievement is in the field of classical literary theory,and we will discuss his knowledge pedigree and his thought of engaging in study,taking genre's social connotation into account.%本文从述学文体的角度探讨朱自清的学术论文写作,主要思考的问题是朱自清如何用白话文写作学术论文,他的写作实践对五四之后白话文地位的提高有什么意义;同时,朱自清作为一个新文人,他的学术成就却主要在古典诗文评领域,本文从学术文体的社会制度属性出发,进一步关注朱自清论学的知识谱系和述学心态。

  2. Sociology in Times of Crisis: Chen Da, National Salvation and the Indigenization of Knowledge

    Ana Maria Candela


    Full Text Available Chen Da was one of the foremost sociologists of China from the 1920s to the 1940s. His intellectual habitus took shape from the long crisis that defined Chinese intellectual life from the mid-19th to mid-20th centuries, a period of continuous imperial assault on Chinese sovereignty. As China integrated into the capitalist world-system, neo-Confucian structures of knowledge came into question. Intellectuals took up sociology to guide China’s transition from an empire to a nation-state. Through his studies on labor, migration, and population, Chen Da contributed to the institutionalization of sociology in China. Chen sought to craft a theory of Chinese development that followed universal trajectories of progress but was also attuned to the complexity of Chinese society on the ground. Through his efforts to indigenize sociology, Chen developed a non-Marxist historical materialism, a deterritorialized and pluralistic conceptualization of China as a nation, and a theory of eugenic transformation centered on the concept of “mode of living.” The questions which Chen Da confronted are emblematic of the predicament faced by Chinese social scientists today, who again struggle with the dynamics of a deterritorialzied “Greater China,” rising social fragmentation, and refigured eugenic discourses and policies that aim to craft the Chinese people into ideal national subjects fit for post-socialist development.

  3. Comparative Research on the Drum Music Playing Techniques of Etude and Gu Bian Dance Music%《练习曲》与《鼓边舞曲》鼓乐演奏技法比较研究



    文章描述了中国大堂鼓独奏曲《鼓边舞曲》的移植过程,并将其与原曲——俄罗斯小军鼓独奏作品《练习曲》进行比较,重点阐释了中西两种鼓乐器在乐曲演奏中的技法特色。%This paper described the process of adapting a Russia snare drum solo piece Etude to the Chinese Datang drum solo work Gu Bian Dance Music, and com-pared both of them, explained with the focus on the features playing techniques of Chinese and Western drum in the music.

  4. Frank Chen 《Many Chinese companies can't explain what their brands signify》



    @@ Frank Chen's brilliant academic credentials belie his soul, searching experience as a grassroots worker. The holder of PhD in Psychology from Beijing Normal University started out as a shop assistant, when he was sent to suburban Shanghai in the I97os as part of the national drive to re-educate urbanites through hard labor. Looking back, Chen finds this a cherished episode in his life that afforded him ample time to read and think. "I managed to read all the books I could lay my hands on. As there were so few of them, I read them repeatedly, with great care. Many books read differently the second time you read them." The politically charged atmosphere of that time also tended to endow people of his generations with a compelling sense of social responsibility. "This is important for my later career development," says Chen.

  5. Analysis on Current Situations of Endangered P.intermedius S.Y.Chen


    We carried out a general survey of current situations of P.intermedius S.Y.Chen.Results show that P.intermedius S.Y.Chen is distributed in Dongkeng Township,Jingnan Township and Yanxi Township.It covers an area of 262.51 hm2.The distribution areas are narrow and limited.What’s worse,it suffers from serious destruction and has been withered in large areas.Besides,according to current introduction test,it is difficult to survive in other places.In accordance with Exploring the Criteria for Endangered Categories of Bamboo Species from China put forward by Ma Naixun et al from the Research Institute of Subtropical Forestry of Chinese Academy of Forestry(RISFCAF),we propose incorporating P.intermedius S.Y.Chen into vulnerable species for protection.

  6. The Analysis of“Chen Ou Style”:A Memetic Perspective

    CHEN Jian-feng


    Chen Ou Style”is one of the most popular discourses and widely used by many people in communication. In this pa⁃per, it is analyzed from a memetics perspective that regards“Chen Ou Style”as a strong meme. The purpose is to find out the in⁃ternal generating mechanism for a meme to become successful, to reveal the evolution process of language, and to provide some useful guidelines and references for better language use. It is concluded that the replication and transmission of“Chen Ou Style”indicates the existence of language memes, and memetics provides a new perspective for the analysis of language imitation, trans⁃mission, change and development.

  7. Prof. CHEN Han-ping: A Thinker in Principles and Practice of Acupuncture-moxibustion

    杨永清; 王宇; 尹磊淼


    The Thinker (Le Penseur) is known as the masterpiece of Auguste Rodin, a distinguished French sculptor, signifying the intellectual activity and creativity of human being. Having put forward a way of "viewing the Earth from the Moon" in developing preclinical and clinical studies of acupuncture, Prof. CHEN Han-ping brought about imaginations to acupuncture scholars with his ideas on the soul, principle, skills and orientations of acupuncture. He deserves the title of "the thinker in principles and practice of acupuncture"[1-3]. The academic ideas of Prof. CHEN Han-ping are now summarized as follows.

  8. Chaos control and reduced-order generalized synchronization for the Chen-Liao system

    Li Rui-Hong; Xu Wei; Li Shuang


    This paper deals with the problem of chaos control and synchronization of the Chen-Liao system. Prom rigorous mathematic justification, the chaotic trajectories of the Chen-Liao system are led to a type of points whose four-dimensional coordinates have a particular functional relation among them. Meanwhile, a new synchronization manner, reduced-order generalized synchronization (RGS), is proposed which has the characteristic of having a functional relation between the slave and the partial master systems. It is shown that this new synchronization phenomenon can be realized by a novel technique. Numerical simulations have verified the effectiveness of the proposed scheme.

  9. Textual research on Chen Ye and his Jia cang jing yan fang (Family-presreved Empirical Recipes) of the Song Dynasty%宋代陈哗及《家藏经验方》考

    张雪丹; 张如青; 陈德兴


    Chen Ye,an official of the Southern Song Dynasty,also known as Chen Rihua as his styled name,was born in Changle,Fuzhou in the reign of Shaoxing,and died during the reign of Duanping.He had been consecutively in the positions of Jiang shi lang (Court Gentleman for Ceremonial Service),Zhi zhou (Prefect) of Lingding,the Ti xing (Judicial Commissioner) of Guangdong,the Zong ling (Overseer-general) of Sichuan,Shah ding (Reviser),Shu lin and other positions in Tongzhou,Yuanzhou.His works included 1 volume of Gu ling xian sheng nian pu (Mr.Guling's Chronological Biography),1 volume of Tan xie (On Humor),1 volume of Shi hua (Poetry),8 volumes of Jin yuan li shu (Jin Yuan's Smart Technique),3 volumes of Yi jian zhi lei bian (Classified Compilation of Yijian's Annals),(Zeng guang) Suo s ui lu (Augmented Records of Trivial Matters),5 volumes of Jia cang jing yah fang (Family-preserved Empirical Recipes).He also compiled the 8-volume Yinjiang zhi (Yinjiang's Annals),published the 2-volume Jia cang ji yao fang (Collected Essential Recipes from Family Preservation),and other proses and poetry.Jia cangjing yah fang was a formulary compiled by Chen Ye,which was lost.Altogether 74 of its recipes were cited in Fu ren da quan liang fang (Complete Effective Prescriptions for Women's Diseases),Shou qin yang lao shu (A Book for Pursuing Seniors' Longevity and Healthcare),Pu ji fang (Prescriptions for Universal Relief) and Yong le da dian (Yongle Encyclopedia).%南宋官员陈哗,字日华,福州长乐人,约生于宋绍兴年间,卒于端平年间,历任将仕郎、临汀知州、广东提刑、四川总领、删定、书林等职,亦曾于通州、沅州等地任职,著有《古灵先生年谱》1卷、《谈谐》1卷、《诗话》1卷、《金渊利术》8卷、《夷坚志类编》3卷、《(增广)琐碎录》、《家藏经验方》5卷,主持编撰《鄞江志》8卷,刊行方导《家藏集要方》2卷,另有诗词散文等.《家藏经验方》为陈晔所编撰的一部方

  10. Pseudosasa zhongyanensis S.H.Chen, K.F.Huang et H.Z.Guo,a New Species of Pseudosasa of Bambusoideae from China%中国竹亚科矢竹属一新种——中岩茶秆竹

    陈松河; 黄克福; 郭惠珠; 蔡邦平


    A new species of the genus Pseudosasa Makino ex Nakai of Bambusoideae from China, P. zhongyanensis S. H. Chen, K. F. Huang et H. Z. Guo, which was found to grow in Xiamen Wan-shi Mountain and Xiamen Tian-zhu Mountain, Fujian Province, is described and illustrated in this paper. This new species is similar to P. amabilis ( McClure) Keng f. but differs by having distinct residuum, when the culm-sheathes falls, and su-berine sticking out around the basic culm-sheathes scar, the culm-sheathes scar is taller than culm scar, small and eversion culm-sheathes ear on the culm-sheathes upside, wrinkle and curving oral setae on the culm-sheathes ear edge, nearly glabrous or some short pubescences occasionally on the culm-sheathes tongue.%描述了竹亚科矢竹属一新种——中岩茶秆竹(Pseudosasa zhongyanensis S.H.Chen,K.F.Huang et H.Z.Guo).本种与茶秆竹(P.amabilis(McClure) Keng f.)相近似,但箨环具明显箨基残留物和木栓质隆起,高于秆环,箨鞘顶端具小型外翻箨耳,耳缘具皱曲繸毛,箨舌几无毛或有短柔毛.,易于区别.

  11. CPAFFC President Chen Haosu and His Party Visit Norway and Estonia


    <正>ACPAFFC delegation led by its president Chen Haosu paid a goodwill visit to Norway and Estonia from April 15 to 24. The visit was made at the invitation of the Norway-China Association (NCA)and the Estonia-China Friendship Association (ECFA).


    Denis Dolinar


    Full Text Available This paper empirically examines the well-known Chen-Roll-Ross model on the Croatian stock market. Modifications of definitions of the Chen-Roll-Ross model variables showed as necessary because of doubtful availability and quality of input data needed. Namely, some macroeconomic and market variables are not available in the originally defined form or do not exist. In that sense this paper gives some alternative definitions for some model variables. Also, in order to improve statistical analysis, in this paper we have modified Fama-MacBeth technique in the way that second-pass regression was substituted with panel regression analysis. Based on the two-pass regression analysis of returns of 34 Croatian stocks on 4 macroeconomic variables during the seven-and-half-year observation period the following conclusion is made. In contrast to the results of Chen, Roll and Ross (1986 for the U.S. stock market, their model is not successful when describing a risk-return relation of Croatian stocks. Nevertheless, one observed version of the Chen-RollRoss model showed certain statistical significance. Namely, two risk factors in that version of the model were statistically significant: default premium, measured as risk premium for the corporate short-term bank loan financing, and term structure premium, measured on short-run basis.

  13. CPAFFC President Chen Haosu Gives Lecture on Nongovernmental Diplomacy to US University Students


    <正>At the invitation of China International Travel Service, on the afternoon of May 22, an American international exchange delegation visited the CPAFFC. The delegation, which consists of nearly 80 American students, is organized by the American Envision Program. CPAFFC President Chen Haosu met with the delegation and gave a lecture on China’s non-governmental diplomacy.

  14. 陈寿与《三国志》%Chen Shou and Annals of Three Kingdoms



    Annals of Three Kingdoms is one of the former four histories, its historical value is self- evident, but because of part of the contents, it received much criticize from some person who thought Chen Shou used indirect records to protect himself. Taking Chen Shou's historical knowledge and the current surroundings into consideration, we think Chen Shou documented historical facts fairy pertinently, and there is no confusion of historical events. This paper studies Chen Shou's historical knowledge in part of chapters of Annals of Three Kingdoms and presents it to experts for counsel.%作为前四史之一的《三国志》,其史学价值不言而喻,但由于部分篇章的内容,《三国志》受到众多非议,认为陈寿有曲笔回护之嫌。从陈寿的史识、史德出发以及当时所处环境斟酌,陈氏是比较中肯地记载了历史事实,并未有混淆历史事件,文章依据《三国志》部分章节对陈寿的史识、史德略加推敲,并求教于方家。

  15. In Memory of Professors Chen Yaozhen (Eugene Chan) and Mao Wenshu (Winifred Mao)

    Lezheng Wu


    @@ It has been 16 and 14 years respectively since Professor Chen Yaozhen (Eugene Chan) and Pro-fessor Mao Wenshu (Winifred Mao) passed away. We recollect the great and extraordinary lives ofthese two seniors, their outstanding achievements and contributions as well as the unforgettable andvaluable academic heritages left by them to the ophthalmology in China.

  16. His Excellency Professor Jiaer Chen President, National Natural Science Foundation, People's Republic of China

    Maximilien Brice


    L. to r.: Dr Diether Blechschmidt, Adviser for Non Member States Relations, Dr Peter Jenni, Spokesman, ATLAS Experiment, Prof. Chen, Mr Jean-Luc Baldy, Head of the LHC Civil Engineering Group and Dr John Ellis, Adviser for Non Member States Relations.

  17. Prof. Chen Zhiming Invited to Lecture at 2006 International Congress of Mathematicians


    @@ Prof. Chen Zhiming, a mathematician of the CAS Academy of Mathematics and Systems Science (AMSS), has been invited to make a 45-minute lecture on his work in the field of numerical analysis and scientific computing at the International Congress of Mathematicians (ICM) in Madrid,in August 2006.

  18. In search of low cost titanium: the fray farthing chen (FFC) cambridge process

    Oosthuizen, SJ


    Full Text Available This article explores the Fray Farthing Chen (FFC) Cambridge process, a novel method for the electrochemical deoxidation of metal oxides in molten salt, discovered at the University of Cambridge in 1997. The process was hailed as a highly promising...

  19. In search of low cost titanium: the Fray Farthing Chen (FFC) Cambridge process

    Oosthuizen, SJ


    Full Text Available This article explores the Fray Farthing Chen (FFC) Cambridge Process, a novel method for the electrochemical de-oxidation of metal oxides in molten salt, discovered at the University of Cambridge in 1997. The process was hailed as a highly promising...

  20. The Helmsman of the “Chemical Fiber Carrier” Interview with Chen Jianhua


    In a gathering,some so-called successful businessmen are talking happily.Among them is a famous chemical fiber manufacturer Chen Jianhua.Chen recalled his past in his memoir "My Endeavor"-"I was born in a remote town Shengze in 1971, suffering an impoverished life when I was very young.My family is hard to afford tuition fee when I was a pupil,…."But a hero is known in the time of misfortune,Chen owns a total asset of 13 billion Yuan at this moment with his unremitting efforts year by year,mastering a kingdom of chemical fiber-Hengli Group..As an old saying goes "Suffering is wealth",the early experience steeled Chen,endowing the wealth and fortitude to him. After skimming over Chen’s memoir,I continued a further face to face interview with him in order to understand his course of struggle more deeply.All the success have their own highlights in their characters,therefore,we cannot make an exception of Chen’s case.

  1. Treatment of Chronic Bronchitis with Modified Ma Xing Shi Gan Tang and Er Chen Tang

    朱颖; 刘晓东


    @@ Chronic bronchitis is a disease commonly seen in the clinic. The authors have treated 78 cases of the disease with modified Ma Xing Shi Gan Tang (麻杏石甘汤 Decoction of Ephedra, Armeniacae Amarum, Glycyrrhizae and Gypsum Fibrosum) plus Er Chen Tang (二陈汤 Two Old Drugs Decoction). The results were satisfactory and reported as follows.

  2. 朱熹论修身%On ZHU Xi's Theory of Cultivating One's Mortal Character



    Zhu Xi's idea of cultivating one's mortal character is an important part of his science theory,he inherited self-cultivation idea of Confucian.In the new historical period,he developed the Confucian theory by the annotation of the Confucian classics,especially the "Four Books",linked to self-cultivation and theory-desire,so his theory has the characteristics of self-cultivation in a new era.Zhu Xi emphasized and promoted self-cultivation,he also stressed that the implementation of the self-cultivation to Dusing,advocated self-cultivation needs practice,rather than talking about the nature of mind cultivation.Zhu Xi's cultivating ideas for modern society has certain reference significance and practical value.%朱熹的修身思想是其理学的重要组成部分,他继承了孔孟儒家的修身思想,并在新的历史时期加以发展,通过注解儒家经典尤其是"四书",把修身与穷理联系起来,而具有新时代修身思想的特征。朱熹在重视和提倡修身的同时,亦强调把修身落实到笃行上,主张修身之要在于实际去做,而非空谈心性修养。朱熹的修身思想对于现代社会具有一定的借鉴意义和现实价值。

  3. Discussed Zhu Shuzhen's Anthology of Farewell Poems Shallowly%浅谈朱淑真《断肠集》



    As rare in ancient China, one of the outstanding writer, ZhuShuzhen is versatile. Her life story has always been considered controversial in many questions on the details, until now has still not had the con-clusion. Therefore unifies of Zhu Shuzhen aspects and so on life story and work content, style and artistic value carries on the preliminary discussion, displays his/her body for the female to the reality survival condition pro-found reconsideration and the cognition, by this demonstrated that profound, sincere inner chamber world, proved once more Zhu Shuzhen holds the extremely important historical situation in the Chinese history of literature.%作为中国古代的杰出女作家之一,朱淑真可谓多才多艺,其生平事迹历来颇具争议,在许多细节问题上众说不一,至今仍未有定论.因此结合朱淑真之生平事迹与作品的内容、风格和艺术价值等方面进行初步探讨.表现其身为女性对现实生存状况的深刻反思与认知,以此展示一个深邃、真挚的闺阁世界,再次证明朱淑真在中国文学史上占有极其重要的历史地位.

  4. Study on Sequence Stratigraphy of Zhujiang and Zhuhai Formations, Zhu Ⅲ Subbasin, Pearl River Mouth Basin, South China Sea


    The early Miocene in the Zhu Ⅲ subbasin, the Pearl River Mouth basin, includes two formations—Zhujiang and Zhuhai. There are 8 third-order sequences, S1, S2, S3, S4, S5, S6, S7 and S8 from the bottom of Zhuhai to the top of Zhujiang in these two formations. There are only one transgressive systems tract (TST) and one highstand systems tract (HST) in each sequence because the whole Zhu Ⅲ subbasin was located updip the shelf break during sequence deposition. The boundaries and maximum flooding surfaces (mfs) are in good response to both gamma and acoustic log curves in the study area. In seismic profile 1249, sediments obviously onlap over the unconformity (SB0, the bottom of Zhuhai Fm), SB1 and SB2, but obviously over only SB2 in seismic profile 1283 since the well-developed faults in the subbasin. The sand bodies with high porosity and permeability for petroleum migration and accumulation had been reworked by tidal currents before their burial. Hence, the tidal influenced parasequence sets occur both in TST and HST. Through detailed analysis, the sand bodies in TST are more favorable for petroleum to migrate and accumulate than those in HST.

  5. 朱熹“咏理诗”解读%Analysis of ZhuXi Theory of Poetry



    朱熹(1130-1200)既是哲学家、思想家、教育家,也是著名的文学家和诗人,其留下的诗歌就有一千余首。选取其中具有代表性咏理诗三篇予以分析。朱熹诗的最大艺术特色是以诗咏理,即能从闲适的生活现象和大自然万物景观中化入理学思想,悟出一种做人治学的大道理来。%Zhu Xi (1130-1200)is not only the history of our country's great philosopher, thinker, educator, but also a famous writer and poet. He has many books, which leaves poetry is more than one thousand. The greatest art characteristics of Zhu Xi's poems is to re-flect philosophy by means of artistic innovation from the leisurely life phenomena and things in nature landscape to a person's truth.

  6. 略论明孝宗的弊政%A Discussion of the Maladministration of Emperor Zhu Youtang



    明孝宗在位期间,采取积极措施,纠正前朝弊政,使明王朝走向中兴盛世。但受传统思想及自身经历的影响,明孝宗仍有一些弊政,如宠信权臣、宦官,偏袒外戚、宗亲,沉迷佛道、宫廷娱乐等。而这些弊政,不仅对当朝产生了不利影响,也为后来明武宗的腐败埋下了伏笔。%While Emperor Zhu Youtang was in power,he took some positive measures to correct the maladministration of the former emperor,and made the Ming Dynasty a flourishing age.Influenced by the traditional ideas and his own experiences,he still made some mistakes in administration during the Hong Zhi period,such as putting his trust in powerful chancellors and eunuchs,giving unprincipled protection both to his wife's relatives and his,indulging in Buddhism and Taoism and court entertainment.All of these maladies not only had a negative impact on the present dynasty,but also foreshadowed the later emperor Zhu Houzhao' corruption.

  7. Comparison of Versions for Moonlight over the Lotus Pond(Excerpts)-Take Versions by Zhu Chunshen and Yang Xianyi,Dainaidie as an Exam-ple



    According to the characteristics of prose,”aesthetic qualities”are the most important and difficult elements for transla-tors to surmount. Generally speaking,the”beauty”of prose is mainly embodied in its formal and nor-formal systems, and the ideal for prose translation is, of course, to realize the“aesthetic elements”at both levels. This thesis will take the prose He Tang Yue Se (paragraph three) an example to analyze this by contrasting the two versions by Zhu Chunshen (Zhu) and Yang Xianyi and Dai Naidie(Yang/Dai).

  8. 陈树藩的多面人生%On Chen ShushengS Multi -faceted Life

    封晶; 封五昌


    陈树藩是陕西近代史上一位重要人物,也是一位颇具争议的人物。但纵观其一生,具有颇多传奇色彩和多面性,不可一概持否定态度。因此,通过史料爬梳,去伪存真,对陈树藩做出符合客观事实的评价,是符合历史唯物主义的。%ChenShufan is an important person and a controversial figure in the history of Shaanxi province. His life is a legend and multi -faceted, so cannot be commented negatively. Therefore, to make an objective comments on Chen Shufan, based on the historical materials, is in accordance with the spirit of the historical materialism.

  9. Self-Representation and Cultural Expectations: Yogi Chen and Religious Practices of Life-Writing

    Richard K. Payne


    Full Text Available Explores the differences in self-representation as found in the autobiographical writings of Yogi Chen, Billy Graham, and the Dalai Lama. While the latter two are widely recognized in American popular religious culture, the former is virtually invisible outside the immigrant Chinese American community. This invisibility is consistent with fact that the religious praxes of immigrant communities remain largely under-studied. However, one additional factor appears to be the mismatch between the expectations of the dominant religious culture and the immigrant culture in terms of the ways in which religious leaders represent themselves. Both Billy Graham and the Dalai Lama present themselves in very humble terms, consistent with the expectations of the Pietist background to American popular religion. Yogi Chen on the contrary tends toward a self-aggrandizing style, which although consistent with the competitive nature of premodern Tibetan religious culture is not congruent with the expectations of American popular religion.

  10. Dr.CHEN Ying-yi's Experience in Treating Premature Ovarian Failure

    QIAN Hai-mo; FAN Xiao-yan; CHEN Ying-yi; WANG Xin-zhong


    @@ Dr.CHEN Ying-yi(陈颖异 1957-), female, chief physician, one of the forth-batch supervisors for the work of carrying on the academic experiences of the national veteran TCM experts.Dr.CHEN was once the student of the famous TCM professor HE Shao-shan, and has been engaged in TCM gynecology for more than 30 years, with more than30 essays published.She has taken charge of 5research subjects, of which 1 got the 3rd prize for the TCM scientific advance and creation of Zhejiang Province, 2 got the 3rd prize for Wenzhou municipal scientific advance, and 2 got the 2nd prize for Ruian municipal scientific advance.

  11. [Professor Chen Quan-xin's experiences on treatment of facial paralysis].

    Wu, Hao


    The clinical experiences of Professor Chen Quan-xin on treatment of facial paralysis are introduced. Based on the theory of Chinese medicine and instructed by differentiation of syndromes, Professor Chen attached great importance on analysis of etiology and pathology in modern medicine, and emphasized on treatment of facial paralysis according to different classifications and stages in combination of differentiation of syndromes and differentiation of diseases. His selection of point is refined and accurate. Conduct of qi through needling manipulations and reinforcing and reducing methods in various degrees are promoted by him as well. And it is held that obvious enhancement of the therapeutic effect can be achieved since other treatments are combined according to different types and stages of the disease.

  12. Professor Dr. Chen Anmin voted in as the new president of Chinese German Society of Medicine


    @@ On June 24th 2006, Chinese German Society of Medicine (Chinesisch-Deutsche Gesellschaft für Medizin, CDGM) convened a representative assembly in Wuhan. Prof. Dr. Chen Anmin was elected as the new president of CDGM, who is also the director of Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College of Huazhong University of Science & Technology. In the mean time the Director Council and the Permanent Director's council were also selected. Mr.Dong Weiguo has been voted in as secretary-general.

  13. Application of Piecewise Successive Linearization Method for the Solutions of the Chen Chaotic System

    S. S. Motsa


    Full Text Available This paper centres on the application of the new piecewise successive linearization method (PSLM in solving the chaotic and nonchaotic Chen system. Numerical simulations are presented graphically and comparison is made between the PSLM and Runge-Kutta-based methods. The work shows that the proposed method provides good accuracy and can be easily extended to other dynamical systems including those that are chaotic in nature.


    Melanie; MeGanney


    Images provided by the author unless otherwise stated■This summer the first major U.S.solo exhibition by leading Taiwanese artist Chen Chieh-jen took place at Manhattan's Asia Society.The exhibition 'Condensation' united five silent films that address a variety of social topics into a cohesive unit. The films reflect the mind of someone who came to artistic maturity during a rapidly changing political environment in Taiwan.

  15. 陈序经与泰族研究%Chen Xujing and Thai Studies



    British and Thai scholars argue that the ethnic Thais originated from the southern part of China and Nanzhao was the country that they established. When Kublai Khan troops invaded and occupied Dali, the ethnic Thais migrated southwards in large numbers. Prof. Chen Xujing was one of the frrst Chinese scholars who challenged the British and Thai proposition and made scholarly contributions to the Thai studies.

  16. Tensioned Fabric Structures with Surface in the Form of Chen-Gackstatter

    Yee Hooi Min


    Full Text Available Form-finding has to be carried out for tensioned fabric structure in order to determine the initial equilibrium shape under prescribed support condition and prestress pattern. Tensioned fabric structures are normally designed to be in the form of equal tensioned surface. Tensioned fabric structure is highly suited to be used for realizing surfaces of complex or new forms. However, research study on a new form as a tensioned fabric structure has not attracted much attention. Another source of inspiration minimal surface which could be adopted as form for tensioned fabric structure is very crucial. The aim of this study is to propose initial equilibrium shape of tensioned fabric structures in the form of Chen-Gackstatter. Computational form-finding using nonlinear analysis method is used to determine the Chen-Gackstatter form of uniformly stressed surfaces. A tensioned fabric structure must curve equally in opposite directions to give the resulting surface a three dimensional stability. In an anticlastic doubly curved surface, the sum of all positive and all negative curvatures is zero. This study provides an alternative choice for structural designer to consider the Chen-Gackstatter applied in tensioned fabric structures. The results on factors affecting initial equilibrium shape can serve as a reference for proper selection of surface parameter for achieving a structurally viable surface.

  17. On Rao Jiong’s theory of the Zhuan-zhu%论饶炯的加符转注说



      六书之中,人们对转注的争议最大,众说纷纭。晚清学者饶炯在转注研究中独树一帜,创造性地提出了加符转注说,认为转注的实质是本字通过加形符或声符来实现文字孳乳的造字过程。他以王筠的分别文、累增字理论为基础,总结出了六种转注类型。转注字与被注字意义相同是其基本特征。同时还对所加形符和声符进行了系统的分类。他的学说对后世影响很大,当代学者多受其启发。不过,饶炯在加声符转注字中往往忽略了转注字与被注字的声音一致原则,还不够完善。%  The notion of the Zhuan-zhu with various interpretations has caused the most controversy in the study of the Liu-shu in which Rao Jiong had creatively advanced a new additional symbol theory. Rao argued that the essence of the Zhuan-zhu is a process in which an original character turns into a new one through adding certain pictographic and phonetic symbols. Rao had summed up six Zhuan-zhu types based on the character’s accumulation theory by Wang Yun and their common feature is the constant meaning for the original character and the new one. Rao also had systematically classified those pictographic and phonetic symbols. Rao’s theory produced a great in-fluence in later ages and many contemporary scholars agree with him. Howev-er, Rao Jiong who had some unsuccessful points tended to ignore some iden-tical principle.

  18. Characteristics of trace element composition of Sibin Bian-stone infused water%泗滨砭石冲泡水的微量元素成分特征

    谢先德; 江洁慈; 刘颖; 涂湘林


      泗滨砭石是一种产于山东古泗水流域的结构致密、含 CaCO3高达96%的微晶灰岩,本文分别用超纯开水和加入多元素等离子体标准溶液的开水,对泗滨砭石碎块进行冲泡实验,在不同时段用 ICP-AES 和ICP-MS 分别测定冲泡液中微量元素的含量,以了解饮用砭石泡水的水质状况.实验取得了如下结果:(1)超纯开水的冲泡液不含对人体有害的 Cd、Cr、Cu、Pb 和 Zn 等重金属元素,但含有很微量的 Ca、Mg、Sr、Na、K 和 Si 等常见元素,其含量随着冲泡时间的延长呈现上升的趋势,但都大大低于国家对生活用水质量标准的指标,且冲泡液的 pH 值稳定在8.1~8.2之间,呈弱碱性,口感较好.(2)在加入标准溶液的冲泡液中,主要常见元素的含量,均随着冲泡时间的延长和 pH 值的上升呈连续增高趋势,但稀土元素和对人体有害重金属元素,以及绝大多数金属离子的含量都呈连续下降的趋势.(3)CaCO3的溶解、金属离子碳酸盐沉淀和金属离子与 CaCO3表面之间的吸附,是导致冲泡液中绝大多数金属离子浓度呈连续下降趋势的三个主要因素.(4)砭石冲泡的水虽无毒无害,口感较好,并具有降低冲泡用水中有害重金属元素浓度和对人体适当补充Ca 和 K 的功能,但由于各种离子的浓度都比较低,饮用砭石冲泡水与饮用一般的弱碱性瓶装水的差别并不很大.%The Sibin Bian-stone is a structurally compact micromeritic limestone with 96%of CaCO3. In order to comprehend the quality of Sibin Bian-stone infused water for drinking, we measured trace elements in two type infused waters, one is in pure boiled water and the other is in boiled water with added multi-element standard solution using ICP-AES and ICP-MS techniques, respectively. The results of our study are as follows: (1) The pure boiled infused water does not contain heavy metallic elements that are

  19. Vertical Migration of Petroleum via Faults in Zhu Ⅲ Subbasin, Pearl River Mouth Basin, South China Sea


    The problem that faults act as a conduit for hydrocarbon-bearing fluid flow has been under debate for a long time. The southern boundary fault (FS) and No.2 fault belt in the Zhu Ⅲ subbasin in the Pearl River Mouth basin (PRMB) of South China Sea (SCS) are considered as the conduit of hydrocarbons for the oil and gas fields in the hydrocarbon-generating half grabens. Based upon the basin modeling and seismic velocity inversion simulation, there are abnormal-pressure compartments in the central part of half grabens. Wenchang, Enping and Zhuhai FormationⅡare seated within the abnormal-pressure zone, while the Zhuhai Formation Ⅰ is within the pressure-transition zone. The abnormal pressure was mainly caused by undercompaction due to the high rate of sedimentation for layers with an abnormal pressure. The increase of temperature of inclusions as the increase of depth supports vertical migration via faults in the study area.

  20. Curative effect Observation of Long Zhu ointment after anorectal surgery%肛肠疾病术后应用龙珠软膏的疗效观察

    王庆杰; 李丽; 刘艳茹


    Objective:To explore the therapeutic effect of Long Zhu ointment on wound healing after anorectal surgery.Methods:610 cases of anorectal surgery were selected.We evenly covered the postoperative wound of the hemorrhoids,anal fissure,perianal abscess,anal fistula with Long Zhu ointment,or took Long Zhu ointment gauze into the anus.We compared the wound healing situation,symptoms and syndromes of patients before and after the treatment.Results:Long Zhu ointment can promote the wound healing of hemorrhoids,perianal abscess,anal fissure after the operation.The rate of significant efficiency were 98.5%,98%,97.6%respectively.Conclusion:Long Zhu ointment can promote wound healing after anorectal postoperative.%目的:探讨龙珠软膏对肛肠疾病术后创面愈合的治疗效果。方法:选择肛肠病手术患者610例,将龙珠软膏均匀涂抹覆盖在痔、肛裂、肛周脓肿、肛瘘术后创面上,或将龙珠软膏纱条塞入肛内,对患者用药前后创面愈合状况、症状及体征进行比较。结果:龙珠软膏促进痔疮、肛周脓肿、肛瘘术后创面愈合,显效率分别为98.5%、98%、97.6%。结论:龙珠软膏能有效地促进肛肠病术后创面愈合。

  1. Secure communications based on the synchronization of the hyperchaotic Chen and the unified chaotic systems

    Smaoui, N.; Karouma, A.; Zribi, M.


    This paper deals with the adaptive synchronization of two identical hyperchaotic master and slave systems. The master system and the slave system each consists of two subsystems: a hyperchaotic Chen subsystem and a unified chaotic subsystem. The asymptotic convergence of the errors between the states of the master system and the states of the slave system is proven using Lyapunov theory. Simulation results are presented to illustrate the ability of the control law to synchronize the master and slave systems. Moreover, the proposed control scheme is applied to encrypt and decrypt discrete signals such as digital images where computer simulation results are provided to show that the proposed control law works well.

  2. Theoretical and Practical Progress of New Heliostat by Chen et al.

    A. Kribus


    Recently, Chen and his team were active in the theoretical and practical study of a new heliostat for the use of solar energy. This work represents the first innovation in the area of heliostats after many years of little progress.The mathematical development of the tracking and concentration optics principles, and the practical implementation and demonstration of the technology, are both very interesting advances in this field. Many applications are possible for this technology such as generation of solar electricity and solar industrial process heat.

  3. Theoretical and Practical Progress of New Heliostat by Chen et al.

    Kribus, A.


    Recently, Chen and his team were active in the theoretical and practical study of a new heliostat for the use of solar energy. This work represents the first innovation in the area of heliostats after many years of little progress. The mathematical development of the tracking and concentration optics principles, and the practical implementation and demonstration of the technology, are both very interesting advances in this field. Many applications are possible for this technology such as generation of solar electricity and solar industrial process heat.

  4. CPAFFC President Chen Haosu Leads Chinese Goodwill Delegation to Five Gulf Countries


    <正>An 11-member Chinese Goodwill Delegation headed by CPAFFC President Chen Haosu visited Qatar, Kuwait, Bahrain, Oman and Saudi Arabia from November 25 to December 8, 2005 at the invitation of the Central Municipal Council of Qatar, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Kuwait, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Bahrain, the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Oman and the Saudi Arabia-China Friendship Association. During the visit, the delegation had substantial meetings on cooperation with relevant organizations of the five countries. The visit has played a positive role in enhancing friendship between the

  5. CPAFFC President Chen Haosu Leads Delegation To Russia,Latvia and Lithuania


    <正>A CPAFFC delegation headed by its president Chen Haosu paid a friendly visit to Russia,Latvia and Lithuania from May 31 to June 9 at the invitation of the Russian Centre for International Scientific and Cultural Cooperation,the United Latvian Friendship Society with Foreign Countries and the Lithuanian Parliament. In Russia,the delegation attended the 12th Symposium on China-Russia Regional Cooperation,one of the activities of the Year of China. Leaders of friendship organizations and relevant departments,representatives of local governments and small and medium-sized enterprises,totaling over 70 people,attended the symposium.

  6. Chen Jingrun, China's famous mathematician: devastated by brain injuries on the doorstep to solving a fundamental mathematical puzzle.

    Lei, Ting; Belykh, Evgenii; Dru, Alexander B; Yagmurlu, Kaan; Elhadi, Ali M; Nakaji, Peter; Preul, Mark C


    Chen Jingrun (1933-1996), perhaps the most prodigious mathematician of his time, focused on the field of analytical number theory. His work on Waring's problem, Legendre's conjecture, and Goldbach's conjecture led to progress in analytical number theory in the form of "Chen's Theorem," which he published in 1966 and 1973. His early life was ravaged by the Second Sino-Japanese War and the Chinese Cultural Revolution. On the verge of solving Goldbach's conjecture in 1984, Chen was struck by a bicyclist while also bicycling and suffered severe brain trauma. During his hospitalization, he was also found to have Parkinson's disease. Chen suffered another serious brain concussion after a fall only a few months after recovering from the bicycle crash. With significant deficits, he remained hospitalized for several years without making progress while receiving modern Western medical therapies. In 1988 traditional Chinese medicine experts were called in to assist with his treatment. After a year of acupuncture and oxygen therapy, Chen could control his basic bowel and bladder functions, he could walk slowly, and his swallowing and speech improved. When Chen was unable to produce complex work or finish his final work on Goldbach's conjecture, his mathematical pursuits were taken up vigorously by his dedicated students. He was able to publish Youth Math, a mathematics book that became an inspiration in Chinese education. Although he died in 1996 at the age of 63 after surviving brutal political repression, being deprived of neurological function at the very peak of his genius, and having to be supported by his wife, Chen ironically became a symbol of dedication, perseverance, and motivation to his students and associates, to Chinese youth, to a nation, and to mathematicians and scientists worldwide.

  7. Proof Study of Zhu Yunshan and Li Guangjiong’s Relationship%朱蕴山与李光炯关系考论



    朱蕴山和李光炯都是安徽近现代史上重要的人物。二人的交往始于1906年朱蕴山求学安庆之时,朱蕴山在安庆投身革命,正是受了李光炯等人在安徽大力倡导社会进步的影响。其后虽然李光炯主要从事教育,而朱蕴山则致力武装斗争和政党运动,但二人志同道合,相互支持,尤其在当时恶劣的环境中,李光炯常能给朱蕴山以有力的保护。建国后,朱蕴山曾担任全国人大常委会副委员长、全国政协副主席、民革中央主席等重要职务,他对李光炯先生的一生事业仍予以高度肯定,两人的革命情谊,历久弥新,成为安徽近代革命史上的一段佳话。%Zhu Yunshan and Li Guangjiong are both improtant figures in modern history of Anhui.Their intercourse started in 1906,when Zhu Yunshan was seeking for kenowledge in Anqing.Zhu Yunshan was influenced by Li Guangjiong who vigorously promote social progress and then he decided to devote himself to the revolution of China.Afterward, although Li Guangjiong was mainly engaged in education and Zhu Yunshan was committed to armed struggle and political movement, they were friends with a common goal and mutual support, especially in the tough environment of that time, Li Guangjiong often gave Zhu Yunshan a strong protection. After the founding of the people’s Republic of China, Zhu Yunshan served as vice chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress, vice chairman of the CPPCC Na-tional Committee, chairman of KMT Central Committee and he spoke highly of the life career of Li Guangjiong. The revolutionary friendship between two people, newer with time, become a good story of Anhui revolution in modern history.

  8. Le jeu de la création : Le mangeur (2005 de Ying Chen

    Nicole Dunham


    Full Text Available Le théoricien James Hans définit le jeu comme une déconstruction structurante, un processus de perpétuelle remise en question. Dans Le Mangeur (2005 de Ying Chen, la narratrice revit un épisode d’une de ses vies passées où elle meurt mangée, avalée, par son père, descendant dans le « tunnel » du ventre de ce dernier. Cependant, suite à cet événement, elle se retrouve dans un autre espace-temps où elle rencontre son mari, A.. Une équivalence s’établit dans le roman entre les éléments suivants : le ventre du père, les tableaux peints par ce dernier et l’espace-temps de A., et la fenêtre. Ces éléments deviennent des aires de jeu, remettant en question les concepts de l’intérieur et de l’extérieur et du créateur et de l’œuvre. En nous servant du texte « Le Tunnel » écrit par Ying Chen, nous démontrerons que cette notion du jeu s’applique également à l’ensemble de son œuvre.

  9. 《法苑珠林校注》校勘补遗%A Supplement to Collation and Annotation of Fa Yuan Zhu Lin



    Fa Yuan Zhu Lin is one of the most important Buddhist literature. Collation and Annotation of Fa Yuan Zhu Lin publi shed by Zhonghua Book Company, is an excellent book on the collation of ancient books. However, some sentences are misleadi ng due to missing collation. This paper aims at supplementing collation suggestions to seventeen sentences in this book.%《法苑珠林》是研究佛教文化最为重要的文献之一,中华书局出版的《法苑珠林校注》是一部上乘的古籍整理著作,但其中偶有一些词句因为失校而影响文意的正确理解,今提出16条校勘意见,供研究者参考。

  10. Research on Chen Jinghan’s Novels%陈景韩的小说研究



    Chen Jinghan’s novels, whether the original or the translated ones, are published in the course of his career in newspapers. Different from many other novelists, most of Chen Jinghan’s novels were based on current affairs and for the purpose of salvaging the country, so many of his novels have a strong political taste. With avant-grade individual consciousness, Chen Jinghan absorbed the advanced Western culture actively in the process of his eloquently stating the socal evils, which also rendered him one of the ifrst Chinese to accept and disseminate the translated novels and detective novels. And his the chivalrous novels broke the stereotype of traditional “swordsman culture” to achieve the social transformation of the traditional chivalrous novels, and made them more down-to-earth, relfecting the reality, and exposing thereality.%陈景韩的小说,无论是翻译小说还是创作,都是在其报刊从业过程中发表的。与很多小说家不同,陈景韩的大部分小说都是以时事为基础,以救国救民为目的,因此他的许多小说带有很强的政治性。凭借着前卫的个人意识,陈景韩的作品在痛陈时弊、反抗侵略的过程中仍然积极吸收西方国家的先进文化,这也使他成为中国较早接受并传播翻译小说、侦探小说的知识分子。而他的侠义小说创作,突破了传统侠文化的窠臼,实现了传统侠义小说的社会化改造,更加贴近现实、反映现实、揭露现实。

  11. 朱淑真咏梅诗词中的人生观照%The life contemplation in Zhu Shu-zhen’s Yongmei poetry



    梅花是众多词人钟爱的意象之一,历来是文人墨客赞咏的对象。宋代才女朱淑真,一生写作了大量的咏梅诗词,梅如朱淑真灵魂的化身,高洁、孤傲、飘逸。对梅花的关爱中朱淑真也蕴藏着对自身的怜惜之情,怜梅与自怜紧密相连。%Plum blossom is one of the many images of poets love, is always the object of literature and writing poems. Zhu Shu-zhen in Song Dynasty, has written a large number of poems of plum, plum as the embodiment of Zhu Shuzhen's soul, noble, elegant, lonely. Zhu Shu-zhen also hold their own pity in the love of plum blossom, pity of plum blossom and self-pity is closely connected.

  12. 浅析云南建水朱家花园景观艺术%Art Analysis of Landscape Architecture Of Zhu's Garden in Jianshui County



    Zhu's Garden is the treasures of "Museum of Old Architecture"and the "Museum of the Common People's House"in Jianshui County ,and is famed as the live specimen of People's Living Culture .From the practical investigation about the totality arrangement ,architecture landscape ,plant landscape and space cir-cumstances landscape in the Zhu'Garden ,this article analyzes the methods of creating garden landscape . Combining with all kinds of knowledge in theory ,it also summarizes the features of partly landscape ,entirely landscape and all space environment landscape ,and uses the building methods of classical garden to evaluate the landscaping of Zhu's Garden and other southern private landscaping garden .%  指出了人居文化的活标本---朱家花园,是云南建水县古建筑文化和民居建筑文化的艺术珍品。对朱家花园建筑布局、整体景观特色及空间环境进行了实地调研,总结了朱家花园整体布局、各功能分区景观艺术特色、环境空间艺术特点,并运用古典园林造园手法分析与评价了朱家花园实景以及其他南方私家园林景观。

  13. Quotations of Zhu Xi and Chinese dictionary%从《朱子语类》词语看《汉语大词典》之疏失

    李申; 刘兴忠


    《朱子语类》是一部记载南宋理学家朱熹讲学内容的语录体著作,对汉语史研究具有重要的语料价值。笔者在翻检《汉语大词典》的过程中,发现《语类》中不少词语并没有受到应有的重视。从词语失收、释义不确、书证缺失、例证晚出等几个方面对《汉语大词典》提出订补意见。%Quotations of Zhu Xi records the lectures of the Confucian scholar Zhu Xi in Southern Song dynasty ,and it is of great influence upon the historical study of Chinese .The writers of this paper argue that Quotations of Zhu Xi should be given sufficient attention for the updating of Chinese dictionary .The loss of words ,paraphrasing inaccuracy ,and incomplete bibliographical notes can hopefully be corrected .

  14. Sources and distribution of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in street dust from the Chang-Zhu-Tan Region, Hunan, China.

    Long, Yongzhen; Dai, Tagen; Wu, Qianhong


    Street dusts collected from 20 locations in the Chang-Zhu-Tan (Changsha, Zhuzhou, and Xiangtan) region, Hunan, China, in May to July 2006, were investigated for sources of polycylic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). The individual PAH concentrations were in the range of 10-4316 ng g(-1), and ∑PAHs(16) levels were in the range of 3,515-24,488 ng g(-1), with a mean of 8,760 ng g(-1). The high-molecular-weight PAHs (four to six rings), ranging from 47.51 to 82.11 %, with a mean of 74.79 %, were the dominant PAH compounds in almost all of the dusts. The isomer ratios suggested a rather uniform mixture of coal combustion and petroleum PAH sources. Factor analysis and multiple linear regression analysis indicate that the main sources of the 16 PAHs were coal combustion/vehicle exhaust, coking/petroleum, and plant combustion, with contribution rates of 50.9, 35.01, and 14.08, respectively. The spatial distributions of PAH concentrations were significantly related to the distribution of industries, traffic circulation, and farmland in this region.

  15. Baudelaire’s Influence on Duo Duo’s Poetry through Chen Jingrong, a Chinese Woman Poet Translating from French



    Full Text Available As a woman poet, Chen Jingrong’s productions encompassed the whole 20th century: of particular interest are her poetry translations from the French language. Thanks to her translation work, valuable understanding of Charles Baudelaire’s poetry was made available in China, which influenced the Chinese contemporary poet, Duo Duo, when he first started writing poetry during his youth. This paper tries to depict the importance of this contribution of Chen Jingrong and its effect on the process of renovation of the contemporary poetic scene in China.

  16. By the Principle of the Heart——On Preliminary Effect of the Mind Concept in Zhu Xi's Philosophy on the Philosophy of the Mind of Zhu Zi effect preparatively the study of mind%由理即心——略论朱子哲学中的心灵概念对心学的预备性影响



    对于近古中国的儒学思想史,无论章太炎所谓"宋明之异"抑或是章学诚所谓"朱陆之同",都是从宋(理)明(心)有别的大前提出发予以讨论的,本文从朱子哲学对"理欲""人心"概念的辨析、论述中发掘出明(心)学崛起的内在理论因素;并认为朱子体系中"天理""人心"的紧张关系导致了后世心学"以心证理"的理论转向,其心灵概念中已经蕴含了后世心学的某些理论内涵.%Regardless of what Zhang Taiyan called "distinctions between Zhu Xi 's philosophy of science and Wang Yangming 's philosophy of the mind" or what Zhang Xuecheng named"similarities between Zhu Xi and Lu Jiuyuan", the history of Confucianism in ancient and contemporary China was discussed grounded upon the differences between Zhu's philosophy of science and Wang's philosophy of the mind. By combing such concepts as"desire" and "heart" in Zhu Xi's philosophy of science, the present paper uncovers the internal factors leading to the rise of the philosophy of the mind;the paper holds that the tension between "justice" and "heart" in Zhu Xi's system gives rise to the theoretical shift to the concept of"the heart used to justify the desire" in the philosophy of the mind whose mind concept embodies some theoretical connotations in the philosophy of the mind.

  17. Wormholes supported by phantom energy from Shan-Chen cosmological fluids

    Wang, D


    The firm observational confirmation of the late-time acceleration of the universe expansion has proposed a major challenge to the theoretical foundations of cosmology and the explanation of the acceleration mechanism requires the introduction of either a simply cosmological constant, or of a mysterious dark energy component (time dependent or modified gravities), filling the universe and dominating its current expansionary evolution. Universally given that the universe is permeated by a dark energy fluid, therefore, we should also investigate the astrophysical scale properties from the dark energy effects. In the present paper, the exact solutions of spherically-symmetrical Einstein field equations describing wormholes supported by phantom energy that violates the null energy condition from Shan-Chen fluid description are obtained. We have considered the important case that the model parameter $\\psi\\approx1$ which corresponds to the `` saturation effect ", and this regime corresponds to an effective form of `...

  18. The model test of restoration project of the gravel beach of Chen Village fishing port

    Wang, D. X.; Gui, J. S.; Sun, J. W.


    Gravel beach is a case in coastal landform by wave action. It is more and more crucial for the environment of coastal engineering in recent years. However, it is poorly studied for it in China. And this paper which is based on the model test of Restoration Project of the Gravel Beach of Chen Village Fishing Port, uses two dimensional normal physical models, aiming at exploring the movement of gravel beach under wave action and verifying the stability of the gravel beach section. The test depends on different water levels (designed high water level, designed low water level, and extreme high water level) and return periods (2, 5, 10, 25, 50 years once). Finally, two distinct experimental sections are got under the changed conditions and the movement law of gravels is obtained.

  19. Relativistic particles with rigidity generating non-standard examples of Willmore-Chen hypersurfaces

    Arroyo, Josu; Garay, Oscar J. [Departamento de Matematicas, Universidad del Pais Vasco, Bilbao (Spain)]. E-mails:;; Barros, Manuel [Departamento de Geometria y Topologia, Universidad de Granada, Granada (Spain)]. E-mail:


    We study a natural extension to higher dimensions of the Nambu-Goto-Polyakov action. In particular, those dynamical objects evolving with SO(3) symmetry in four dimensions. We show that this problem is strongly related to that of relativistic particles with rigidity of order three in a hyperbolic plane. The moduli space of solitonic solutions is completely determined in terms of the so-called rotation number. A quantization principle for closed solutions is also obtained and this gives a rational one-parameter family of Willmore-Chen hypersurfaces in the standard conformal structure of dimension four. Moreover, these are the first non-standard examples of this kind of hypersurfaces. (author)

  20. 陈染研究述评%Review:Studies on Chen Ran



    Chen Ran is regarded as the leader of "personal writing",who adheres to the marginal writing attitude and persists in expressing the female-specific survival experience as the way to human spiritual home.Her unique writing style and alternative artistic exploration is of great significance in literary history.Studies on this are numerous,but not yet reviewed in an orderly manner.This paper,therefore,attempts to systemize the academic dialogues on Chen Ran′s practice in literary field,to provide a brief account of the studies on her,by discussing some core issues on her writing such as individualized writing,lonely consciousness,and gender consciousness.%被称为"个人化写作"领军人物的陈染,坚持边缘性的写作姿态,执著于表达女性特有的生存体验,以此抵达人类的精神家园。其独特的写作风格和另类的艺术探索都具有重要的文学史意义,目前已有不少研究文章,但尚未得到及时的梳理。本文试图从个人化写作、孤独意识、性别意识等陈染写作核心问题归纳,以期展现学界关于陈染的文本实践的对话,勾勒出陈染研究的脉络。

  1. 用深沉掩真挚 从玩笑出心酸——卞之琳前期诗歌创作(1930~1937)悲情意识论%Sincerity Hidden by Real Feelings, Sadness Revealed from Joke —— Tragic Consciousness Theory of Bian Zhilin' s Early Poetry



    卞之琳一向以"智性"诗人著称,但在其前期的诗歌创作中却明显流露出浓重的悲情意识。本文用人本学、社会学、心理学等多种批评方法,剖析与阐释这种悲情意识的缘起、文本呈现、得与失等几个问题,从而更加全面地明晰卞之琳在文学中的重要地位与意义。%Bian Zhilin has always been famous as an" intellectual" poet, but his early poems clearly showed strong tragic flavor. This paper intends to analyze and interpret the origin of his tragicconsciousness, the text and gains and losses in the critical way of Humanism, sociology and psychology hoping to comprehensively figure out Bian Zhilin' s important status and significance in the contemporary history.

  2. Towards Transformation of Knowledge and Subjectivity in Curriculum Inquiry: Insights from Chen Kuan-Hsing's "Asia as Method"

    Lin, Angel M. Y.


    Chen's book, "Asia as Method" (Duke University Press, 2010), and his theorization on topics of de-imperialization, de-colonization, de-cold war, as well as on foregrounding epistemologies and frames of reference situated in the diverse contexts in Asia have contributed to empowering scholars and researchers situated not only in Taiwan,…

  3. The Main Diseases and Control Measures of Panax notoginseng(Burk) F. H. Chen in Wuzhou City

    Chen; Yinghui; Liu; Zhuowu; Qiu; Weihua; Tan; Xinxing; Li; Jinfeng


    The main symptoms of root rot,anthracnose,blight and damping-off of Panax notoginseng( Burk) F. H. Chen are introduced in the paper,and the corresponding control measures are elaborated from the aspects of agricultural management measures,seed disinfection,seedbed treatment and chemical control.

  4. 沉湖湿地生物多样性研究%Investigation and Research on Biodiversity of Chen Lake Wetland



    Plant diversity, animal diversity and ecosystem diversity in the wetland were studied with field investigation and statistical analysis, and then biodiversity of Chen Lake wetland was also valued. The results showed that the reasonable utilization and protection for biodiversity of Chen Lake wetland gave important contribution to improving the regional environment and sustainable development of Wuhan, and even the middle-lower Yangtze area.

  5. Leisure Aesthetics of Zhu Dunru%朱敦儒诗词中的休闲美学



    As a great poet of Southern Song Dynasty, Zhu Dunm' s literal works give us the following information: he puts high values on freedom from leisure; his views on ethics ( such as "leaving the secular world", "eliminating mundane affairs", and "meeting friends, enjoying beautiful scenery" ) show his appreciation on the beauty of person- ality which can be summarized as "idle and broad-minded". His leisure activities ( such as traveling, hunting, ap- preciating flowers, gardening, playing instruments, fishing, enjoying food and sleeping, etc. ) are full of aesthetic significance, elegant but not a highbrow song, popular but not vulgar.%朱敦儒是南宋著名词人,从其诗词可以看出:他高度重视休闲的自由之价值,“出红尘”、“胸中无事”、“会良朋、逢美景”的休闲伦理观,展现了对人格美的推崇;他的人格美形态可提炼为“闲旷”,并通过旅行、游猎,赏花、种植,弹琴、垂钓,饮食、睡眠等休闲活动选择审美方式,达到了高雅而非高蹈,通俗而不庸俗的美学境界。

  6. The impact of systematic landscape conservation planning on ecosystem: Chen Youlan river watershed

    Chen, Chi-ju


    Heraclitus said that "no man ever steps in the same river twice." Everything continues to change. Land use change will keep redefine itself and subject the Earth and humankind to collateral changes. Humankind benefits from ecosystem in many ways. The ecosystem provides people with nutrients, enriches soil with sediment, and sustains all living organisms with water; these benefits are known as ecosystem services. In Taiwan, land use change has impacted ecosystem and biodiversity on various levels. Thus, we took six land use scenarios from 1999 to 2005 in Chen Youlan river watershed as our case study, intending to observe the course of ecosystem and biodiversity changes and the cause of it. Systematic Landscape conservation planning (SLCP) framework can be adopted when designing land use policy to safeguard human interests and ecosystem. This study use SLCP to develop ecosystem services and biodiversity protection strategies. Several strategies were designed by using 1999 to 2005 data as provision to protect the intactness of future ecosystem services and biodiversity. This research explores the potential and possible impacts of different land use protection strategies in the future. It is possible to identify the conservation priority of a certain region by using the Zonation meta-algorithm. This study selects the zonation critical protection area (Joint set of Yushan National Park) as strategy A, B and C. Strategy D takes Yushan National Park as a protected area; unstable hot spots in 1999/03 (Joint set of Yushan National Park) are selected as strategy E. Next, we used Kappa statistical method to find the minimal ecosystem services change and biodiversity hotspots change of the five aforementioned strategies and compared with those from 1999/03. By the Kappa statistical method, we further prioritized the important conservation areas by strategy A, B, C, E in the future. The results can not only serve as management reference for government agencies, but also develop

  7. The Practice of Zhu Xi's Literary Criticism Manifests the Authors'Personality%朱熹文艺批评实践对主体人格的彰显



    In the process of literary criticism , personality determines artistic character , which constitutes Zhu Xi's consistent principle .This principle could be applicable not only to his poetry assessment , but also to his calli-graphy and painting criticism .His calligraphy criticism to some extent relates to the workstation and the skill levels . But the personality was the deciding factor .Too good personality or too bad personality would not be good for the as-sessment of the workstation and skills .Usually Zhu Xi analyzed the relation between calligraphy and subjects from two aspects, namely, commenting on calligraphy according to the personality and observing the character of the writer according to his calligraphy .The unity of the calligraphy and personality influenced Zhu Xi's discussion of the main cultivation and creation mentality .%朱熹在品评文艺的过程中秉承的一贯宗旨即是以人格定艺格。他评诗文如此,评字画亦毫无例外。他论书法虽在一定程度上也涉及工拙、技法层面的问题,但起决定作用的还是主体之人格。人格过人则不复论其工拙,人格不佳则文艺作品再精工其格亦属低下。朱熹在论及书法与主体关系时大抵涉及两个向度,即以人论书和以书观人。而书格与人格的统一性又影响着朱熹对主体修养与创作心态的论述。

  8. The Therapeutic Effects of Ling Gui Zhu Gan Tang Mixture in 50 Psychotic Patients with Obesity Induced by the Psychoactive Drugs

    丁国安; 余国汉; 张教东; 梁绍材; 刘丽勤; 黄鹏; 陈惠娟; 肖爱祥; 李小芳; 蔡颖莲


    @@ In order to observe the therapeutic effects of Ling Gui Zhu Gan Tang Mixture (芩桂术甘汤) on obesity induced by psychoactive drugs, 100 psychotics with obesity induced by psychoactive drugs were randomly divided into a treatment group (50 cases)and a control group (50 cases) for a 8-week treatment.The changes were determined by means of the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS) and the Treatment Emergent Symptom Scale (TESS) with the body weight recorded before and after treatment. The results showed that the total effective rate was 72% in the treatment group, and 14% in the control group,with the former obviously superior to the latter (P<0.01). The BPRS scores were 33.02t7.34 in the treatment group and 32.39± 3.51 in the control group before treatment; and 20.38±5.10 in the treatment group and 20.82± 1.75 in the control group after treatment. The BPRS scores were obviously reduced after treatment in the two groups (both P<0.01), but with no significant difference between the two groups (P>0.05). This indicates that the Ling Gui Zhu Gan Tang Mixture does not influence the curative effect of the psychoactive drugs while showing the body weight-reducing effect. Therefore, the Ling Gui Zhu Gan Tang Mixture can be used for those psychotic patients with obesity induced by the psychoactive drugs (the incidence is 10-25%) in their continuous course of treatment with the latter drugs.

  9. On Zhu Xi's Harmony Quartet and its Impact on Contemporary Society%朱子和谐四重奏与当代社会



    朱子是宋代新儒学的集大成者,是中华文化承先启后、继往开来的文化巨人。朱子和谐观包含四重含义:心和、人和、协和、中和,它们分别指向身心和谐、人际和谐、世界和谐和天人和谐,具有多维性和普遍性,是一个逐步放大的同心圆,一个逐步上升的理想境界。朱子的和谐四重奏,由低级到高级,由自我到他人,由人际到国别,由人类到宇宙,奏响了一曲美妙的乐章,对当代和谐社会的建构意义深远。%Zhu Xi is the greatest master of Neo-Confucianism in the Song Dynasty and a cultural giant in Chinese culture.Zhu Xi's theory of harmony contains four implications: harmony of mind,human,Concorde and medium,which respectively refer to harmony between body and mind,between persons,between countries and between nature and human.With multidimensionality and universality,Zhu Xi's harmony quartet is a step-by-step enlargement of concentric circles,a gradually rising ideal realm,from low to high,from self to others,from interpersonal to national,from human to universe,like a beautiful piece of music,which will have a far-reaching significance for the present construction of a harmonious society.

  10. Chen's lattice inversion embedded-atom method for Ni-Al alloy

    Zhang Chuan-Hui; Huang Shuo; Shen Jiang; Chen Nan-Xian


    The structural properties,the enthalpies of formation,and the mechanical properties of some Ni-Al intermetallic compounds (NiAl,Ni3Al,NiAl3,Ni5Al3,NiaAl4) are studied by using Chen's lattice inversion embedded-atom method (CLI-EAM).Our calculated lattice parameters and cohesive energies of Ni-Al compounds are consistent with the experimental and the other EAM results.The results of enthalpy of formation indicate a strong chemical interaction between Ni and Al in the intermetallic compounds.Through analyzing the alloy elastic constants,we find that all the Ni-Al intermetallic compounds discussed are mechanically stable.The bulk moduli of the compounds increase with the increasing Ni concentration.Our results also suggest that NiAl,Ni3Al.NiAl3,and Ni5Al3 are ductile materials with lower ratios of shear modulus to bulk modulus;while Ni3Al4 is brittle with a higher ratio.

  11. Psychometric properties of the Revised Chen Internet Addiction Scale (CIAS-R) in Chinese adolescents.

    Mak, Kwok-Kei; Lai, Ching-Man; Ko, Chih-Hung; Chou, Chien; Kim, Dong-Il; Watanabe, Hiroko; Ho, Roger C M


    The Revised Chen Internet Addiction Scale (CIAS-R) was developed to assess Internet addiction in Chinese populations, but its psychometric properties in adolescents have not been examined. This study aimed to evaluate the factor structure and psychometric properties of CIAS-R in Hong Kong Chinese adolescents. 860 Grade 7 to 13 students (38 % boys) completed the CIAS-R, the Young's Internet Addiction Test (IAT), and the Health of the Nation Outcome Scales for Children and Adolescents (HoNOSCA) in a survey. The prevalence of Internet addiction as assessed by CIAS-R was 18 %. High internal consistency and inter-item correlations were reported for the CIAS-R. Results from the confirmatory factor analysis suggested a four-factor structure of Compulsive Use and Withdrawal, Tolerance, Interpersonal and Health-related Problems, and Time Management Problems. Moreover, results of hierarchical multiple regression supported the incremental validity of the CIAS-R to predict mental health outcomes beyond the effects of demographic differences and self-reported time spent online. The CIAS is a reliable and valid measure of internet addiction problems in Hong Kong adolescents. Future study is warranted to validate the cutoffs of the CIAS-R for identification of adolescents with Internet use problems who may have mental health needs.

  12. La palabra y el aire: Conjuros del alba de Jorge Chen-Sham

    Carolina Sanabria


    Full Text Available El presente artículo analiza el segundo poemario de Jorge Chen-Sham, Conjuros del alba, a la luz de la vinculación directa con el libro anterior, Nocturnos de mar inacabada. Destaca los elementos que guían la lectura de un trabajo muy estructurado porque la organización en ejes temáticos permite brindar una clave de lectura. En este caso la articulación está dada por la invocación de la palabra en su acepción divina como creadora de realidad bajo la forma de conjuros –y en sintonía estructural y lingüística con el discurso bíblico arcaizante, pero sin ceñirse por completo en virtud del carácter pagano de estos–. Pero los alcances de la palabra no se limitan a esta dimensión, puesto que el hablante lírico hace ver también su injerencia como mediador del deseo. Y si el poeta por principio lo que busca es la elevación de su espíritu, se mueve necesariamente en el ámbito del aire –que es el mismo elemento al que pertenece el alba–, donde las cosmogonías ubican el origen del mundo.

  13. Wormholes supported by phantom energy from Shan-Chen cosmological fluids

    Wang, Deng [Nankai University, Theoretical Physics Division, Chern Institute of Mathematics, Tianjin (China); Meng, Xin-He [Nankai University, Department of Physics, Tianjin (China); Institute of Theoretical Physics, CAS, State key Lab of Theoretical Physics, Beijing (China)


    In the present paper, the exact solutions of spherically symmetrical Einstein field equations describing wormholes supported by phantom energy that violates the null energy condition from Shan-Chen background fluid are obtained. We have considered the important case of the model parameter ψ ∼ 1, which corresponds to the ''saturation effect'', and this regime corresponds to an effective form of ''asymptotic freedom'' for the fluids, but occurring at cosmological rather than subnuclear scales. Then we investigate the allowed range for the values of the model parameters g and ω when the spacetime metrics describe wormholes and discuss the possible singularities of the solutions, finding that the obtained spacetimes are geodesically complete. Furthermore, we construct two traversable wormholes through matching our obtained interior solutions to the exterior Schwarzschild solutions and analyze the traversabilities of the wormholes. Finally, we consider the case of anisotropic pressure and discover that the transverse pressure also crosses the phantom divide -1 with the growth of the wormhole dimension, and it tends to be the same as the radial pressure with the growth of the wormhole radius. (orig.)

  14. 《静志居琴趣》:朱冯情缘及其对朱彝尊词风之影响%Seishi Habitat Qinqu:Zhu - Fengˊs Love and its Impact on Zhu Yizunˊs Ci Style



    Zhu Yizun,the dean of West Zhejiang Ci School character,had influenced the Ci writing for a long period in Early Qing Dynasty with his Ci style of alcohol Masayuki. His secret love with Feng Shouchang,his wifeˊs young sister,which has great impact on the formation of Zhuˊs Ci style,has rarely been mentioned. Seishi Habitat Qinqu,which records in details their feelings,reveals some implicit traces about their romance trajectory. In this Ci collection,Zhu describes their love experience with concentrated language,sincere affection and depressed feeling and it is this emotional state that leads to Zhuˊs new Ci style of embarked alcohol and rich elegance.%朱彝尊是浙西词派的泰斗人物,其醇雅之词风影响清初词坛多年。他与妻妹冯寿长的隐秘恋情甚少被人提起,然而他词风的形成却与这段压抑的恋情密切相关。《静志居琴趣》中记录了两人感情的细节,并隐约显现出二人恋情的轨迹。朱氏在此词集中以缩笔的手法、真挚的感情、压抑的状态写出了二人的感情经历,同时这种状态亦使朱氏的词风走上了醇雅的道路。

  15. 朱珊教授治疗小儿久泻临证经验%Experience of Professor Zhu Shan for treating children diarrhea

    周文娟; 朱珊; 刘俊可; 王潘涛


    朱珊教授治疗小儿腹泻,立足于“脾虚失运”的基本病机,重视脾胃生理功能的恢复,灵活运用健脾止泻颗粒加减施治,每获良效。%Professor Zhu Shan treated children diarrhea, according to basic pathogenesis of Pixu Shiyun. Recovery physiological function of Pi and Wei was paid attention. The Jianpi Zhixie particle was applied by syndrome differentiation treatment, and shows a good effect.

  16. Antioxidant Formulae, Shengmai San, and LingGuiZhuGanTang, Prevent MPTP Induced Brain Dysfunction and Oxidative Damage in Mice


    The present study was designed to evaluate the preventive effect of antioxidative traditional oriental medicine formulae, Shengmai San (SMS) and LingGuiZhuGanTang (LGZGT), against 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) (i.p 30 mg·kg−1 for 5 consecutive days) induced neurotoxicity. In in vitro antioxidant assays measured with Trolox and butyl hydroxyl toluene as reference antioxidant revealed that SMS has higher scavenging potential against hydroxyl radical than superoxide anion r...

  17. Liu et al. suspect that Zhu et al. (2015) may have underestimated dissolved organic nitrogen (N) but overestimated total particulate N in wet deposition in China.

    Liu, Xuejun; Xu, Wen; Pan, Yuepeng; Du, Enzai


    In a recent publication in the journal Science of the Total Environment, Zhu et al. (2015) reported the composition, spatial patterns, and factors influencing atmospheric wet nitrogen (N) deposition based on one year's data from 41-monitoring sites in China. We suspect their results may largely underestimate dissolved organic N (DON) but overestimate total particulate N (TPN) in wet deposition due to the uncertainty resulting from the sampling, storage and analysis methods in their study. Our suspicions are based mainly on our experience from earlier measurements and the literature. We therefore suggest that enhanced data quality control on atmospheric N deposition measurements should be taken into account in future studies.

  18. Zhu Yuanzhang's Application of The Art of War%朱元璋对《孙子兵法》的应用



    据《明太祖宝训》记载,明太祖朱元璋与侍臣曾两次研讨《孙子兵法》。朱元璋受其身边爱好《孙子兵法》的侍臣的影响,屡屡对《孙子兵法》加以应用,虽质疑《孙子兵法》的相关思想,但其治军和作战的精髓思想依然有孙武的影子。朱元璋汲取孙武兵学思想中秉持经世致用的原则,极其注重孙武任将和用兵的思想,在作战历程中强调《孙子兵法》战略战术思想,这些均证明了《孙子兵法》作为“跨时代、跨国界、跨领域”的经世佳作对朱元璋产生的重要影响。%According to the records in Sermon of Emperor Zhu Yuanzhang,Emperor Zhu Yuanzhang twice dis- cussed The Art of War with his courtiers. Influenced by his courtiers who liked The Art of War, Zhu Yuanzhang applied The Art of War repeatedly. Although he questioned the related thoughts in The Art of War, the influence of The Art of War could still be found in his thoughts of governing the forces and military practices. Zhu Yuanzhang absorbed the principle of administration and pragmatism in Sun Tzu 's military science,paid much attention to Sun Tzu 's thought of assigning the generals and carrying out the military practices, and emphasized on the strategic and tactical thoughts in TheArt of War in his military practices,which fully approved he was deeply influenced by The Art of War, the administrative classics which was beyond the times, borders and fields.

  19. Chaos Generated from the Fractional-Order Complex Chen System and its Application to Digital Secure Communication

    Luo, Chao; Wang, Xingyuan


    In this paper, a novel dynamic system, the fractional-order complex Chen system, is presented for the first time. Dynamic behaviors of system are studied analytically and numerically. Different routes to chaos are shown, and diverse kinds of motions are identified and exhibited by means of bifurcation diagram, portrait phase and the largest Lyapunov exponent. Secondly, an application to digital secure communication based on the novel system is proposed, in which security is enhanced by continually switching different orders of derivative in an irregular pattern. Furthermore, making full use of the advantage of high-capacity transmission of complex system, the improved digital secure communication scheme is achieved based on hybrid synchronization in coupled fractional-order complex Chen system, that means anti-synchronization in real part of state variables and projective synchronization in imaginary part, respectively. The corresponding numerical simulations demonstrate the effectiveness and feasibility of the proposed schemes.

  20. Discussion of Translation of Chen Zhongshi's Prose%陈忠实散文翻译漫谈



    Chen Zhongshi, who is China's famous contemporary writer, writes many prose besides the well-known book. The author was given a chance to participate in the project of "translation of Chen Zhongshi's prose works and the research", namely two prose translation. In this paper, the author tries to talk about own opinions with colleagues from cultural perspective and faithfully expressing.%陈忠实是我国当代著名作家,除了其成名作之外,还写了许多散文.笔者有幸参与了“陈忠实散文作品翻译及其研究”项目,翻译散文两篇.本文试图从文化角度和忠实表达谈谈自己的看法,和同行商榷.

  1. 陈治平治疗乳腺癌经验%CHEN Zhiping's Experience in Treatment of Breast Cancer

    谭为; 付婷婷; 王昌俊


    陈治平为广东省首批名老中医,擅治白癜风、荨麻疹、银屑病、泌尿系结石、慢性肾炎、脉管炎、癌证等病证.文章从病因病机、治则、用药特色、典型病案等方面总结了陈治平老中医在乳腺癌治疗上的临床经验.%CHEN Zhiping was one of the famous TCM doctors in Guangdong province.He was expert in the treatment of vitiligo,urticaria,psoriasis,urolithiasis,chronic nephritis,angiitis,and cancer.This article summarized the clinical experience on treatment of breast cancer of CHEN Zhiping from etiology and pathogenesis,therapeutical principle,medication characteristics and typical case.

  2. Devotion to China’s Education in the 21st Century——Chen Zhili, Minister of Education


    AMONG 29 newly appointedcross-century Ministers of theState Council in 1998, ChenZhili, is one of only two women. Herappointment has caused a mild sensationamong the mass media at home and abroad,not only due to her female status but alsothe important role education plays inChina’s basic policy of "revitalizing thecountry through science and technology."As Minister of Education in a country witha population of 1.2 billion, Chen Zhili notonly has profound scientific and culturalknowledge, but the necessary, rich workingand life experiences as a leader. She isindeed qualified to be in charge of China’seducation in the 21 st century, according tosome media.

  3. Investigating the Reliability and Validity of Chen and Starosta’s Intercultural Sensitivity Scale (ISS) against Chinese Cultural Background

    刘涵; Salasiah Che Lah


    Intercultural Communication Competence (ICC), as one of the research ifelds of intercultural communication, has been given much importance from scholars all around the world. Intercultural sensitivity is one of the three dimensions in Dr Chen’s ICC model. This research investigates the reliability and validity of Chen and Starosta’s Intercultural Sensitivity Scale (ISS) (2000) against Chinese cultural background by using Chinese university students majoring in English as respondents.

  4. The ostracod assemblages and their environmental significance in the Chen Coarea, southern Tibet in recent 1400 years


    The CC1 core, with a length of 216 cm, was drilled in the west part of the Chen Co(Lake) in southern Tibet Plateau. The 210Pb and 137Cs measurement indicated that it was aconsecutive sedimentary sequence since ca. 1400 years. The ostracoda and their assemblages underthe level of 1 cm samples' cutting interval were finished for this core to reveal the pastenvironmental changes in the lake area. A total of 15 species of ostracods belonging to 7 genera inthe core sediments had been identified. According to the ostracod distributions, abundances andpreservations in the core, seven ostracod assemblages had been distinguished. The ostracodassemblages and their ecological features, together with the sediments dating decision were used toinfer the past ca. 1400 years environmental changes of the Chen Co environmental evolutions inthree stages, which had responded to the Medieval Ages Warm-period (MAW), the Little Ice Age(LIA) and modem warm period. The results show that the changes of the Chen Co environment hadbeen mainly influenced by the climatic variations. The trend of the lake level fluctuations had beenaccorded with that of climatic variation during the past 1400 years.

  5. [Academic thoughts on Practice of acupuncture and moxibustion written by CHEN Jingwen, the acupuncture master in the Republic of China].

    Huang, Weiping; Li, Naiqi


    Through the collection of Practice of acupuncture and moxibustion written by CHEN Jingwen, the acupuncture master in the Republic of China, the academic characteristics on acupuncture and moxibusiton were analyzed. The literature comparison method was adopted to compare the works of LUO Zhaoju, ZENG Tianzhi and LI Wenxian, etc. at the same period. It was discovered that CHEN Jingwen was the medical master who systematicly brought up the theory of acupoint properties earlier in the modern times. Classifying drugs based on acupoints was his academic feature. Additionally, the compatibility therapy of Chinese medicine was introduced to explain the essential ideas on the acupoints combination. The treatment was determined on the basis of zangxiang theory and the reinforcing and reducing therapy of acupuncture was emphasized in the determination of treatment and prescription. CHEN Jingwen's theory of acupoint property had been stressed and spread among the medical scholars in the Republic of China and he had made the beneficial exploration for the development of modern acupuncture and moxibustion therapy.

  6. Robustness of the Chen-Dougherty-Bittner procedure against non-normality and heterogeneity in the coefficient of variation.

    Powell, Douglas A; Anderson, Lucy M; Cheng, Robert Y S; Alvord, W Gregory


    Chen, Dougherty, and Bittner [Y. Chen, E. R. Dougherty, and M. L. Bittner, J. Biomed. Opt. 2(4), 364-374 (1997)] provided the derivation of a probability density function (PDF) for a signal ratio from a DNA microarray. This PDF is potentially useful for testing whether a pair of signals from the same gene has a common mean. The derivation of the PDF assumes the normality of all signal distributions and a common coefficient of variation (CV) for all signals within a microarray. The testing procedure requires the calculation of a common confidence interval for a microarray, based on a maximum likelihood estimator of the "common" CV, and the determination of whether or not a ratio for a particular gene falls within this interval. This study used Monte Carlo techniques and demonstrated that the procedure is robust to violations of normality and also to constancy in the coefficients of variation. A closer examination of the dynamics of the procedure found that the robustness was the result of offsetting effects. The size of the confidence interval was increased as a result of higher estimates of the common CV, as the actual CV pattern became heterogeneous. This effect mitigated the inflation in the size of the ratio as a result of increasing CV heterogeneity. These findings suggest that the Chen-Dougherty-Bittner procedure may be used even if underlying assumptions do not hold.

  7. On Chen Lang's Historical Drama Creation%论陈烺的历史剧创作



    Chen Lang's historical dramas are based on historical facts with historical authenticity.His adaptation and inno-vation of historical facts mainly manifested in two aspects:one is to pay attention to reflection of social reality especially a-bout government corruption,sarcasm,the feudal rulers'corruption,which reflected the author's realistic care,increased the works'social-expressed dynamics and his profundity of thought,and reflected the author's hope of looking forward to the ideal characters to save malpractices in his last days.The other is to honor the persons loyal to lofty ideals of patriot-ism or strengthen the characters of virtue and moral integrity.The opera effect lies in revealing characters'positive and good moral sentiment,reflecting their own moral ideal,and guiding people to feel good,to purify the moral,sublimation mental state through the plot and image characterization.Chen Lang's historical plays,according to the story contents and characters to build system,free and flexible,moderate,made his historical plays acquire a larger artistic expression,re-flecting the personalized art creation and mature in late Qing dynasty.%陈烺的历史剧,多依据史实创作,具有基本的历史真实性。他的历史剧对史实的改编与创新,主要表现在两个方面:一是敷演史实,注重反映社会现实,特别是描写朝廷腐败,嘲讽和暴露封建统治者的昏聩腐朽及奸佞暴虐,表现出作者强烈的现实关怀。它增加了作品表现社会的力度及思想的深刻性,反映出作者身处末世,期盼理想人物拯救时弊、挽狂澜于既倒的心愿;二是表彰忠君爱国的志士仁人,强化人物品行与节操的描写。其戏曲效果在于通过情节和形象刻画,彰显人物积极优秀的道德情操,引导人们感受美好,认识崇高,净化道德,升华精神境界;同时,也反映了作者的道德理想。陈烺的历史剧,依据剧情内容与人物刻

  8. Politics in the Western Maya Region (I: Ajawil/Ajawlel and Ch'e'n

    Péter Bíró


    Full Text Available In a series of articles I reflect on the use of various expressions which are connected to what we call the political in the inscriptions of the Classic Maya Western Region. These words express concepts which help to understand the intricate details of the interactions between the political entities and their internal organisations in the Classic Maya Lowlands. Words such as 7ajawil, 7ajawlel, the kennings built on the base of ch'e7n (cave, pond, the emblem glyphs and titles will be examined in light of what they tell us about the functioning of the political organisation of the Classic Period in a constrained region.En una serie de artículos como éste investigo el uso de varias palabras en las inscripciones mayas de la época Clásica de la Región Occidental vinculadas con lo que nosotros llamamos "política". Estas palabras expresan conceptos que ayudan a entender los matices de las relaciones entre las entidades políticas de las Tierras Bajas Mayas y su organización interna. Términos como ajaw'ü I ajawlel, los difrasismos con base ch'e'n (cueva, pozo, los glifos emblemas y los títulos serán examinados tomando en cuenta la información que nos proporcionan sobre el funcionamiento de la organización política de la época Clásica en una región restringida.

  9. 陈法的读书观%Study on Chen Fa's Reading View



    The Experience of Guishan Academy embody the educational thought of Chen Fa, who is a famous scholar from Guizhou in Qing dynasty. He hold the opinion that the purpose of education for countries is to cultivate useful talents. Reading is aimed to grasp the principles of being an upright person, change temperamen, rather than obtain the national examination success; Reading can't have very utilitarian purpose,only after correct target at first, can you understand the word of a generation ago; Reading avoid by all means blunders,you shuold keep your heart tranquil, and handle affairs step by step, then you can be successful. The statement of chenfa about education purpose, method, enlightened the significance of correcting all kinds of errors in modern education.%《贵山书院学约》集中体现了清代贵州名儒陈法的读书思想。陈法认为:读书的目的在于明达义理,变化气质,非仅博取功名;读书要先摒除功利之心,心地干净,才能对圣贤义理有真切的领悟;读书切忌心态浮躁,要身心收敛,循序渐进。陈法的读书观念,对于矫正当今教育出现的种种弊窦,不无启示意义。

  10. Writing Beyond the Wall: Translation, Cross-cultural Exchange, and Chen Ran's 'A Private Life'

    Kay Schaffer


    Full Text Available The past decade has witnessed an unprecedented rise in the global flow of knowledge, nowhere more apparent in the exchange of ideas between China and modern western democracies. Our interest concerns one aspect of this global flow— the translation of Chinese women’s autobiographical writing into English. Taking Chen Ran’s A Private Life (English edition, 2004 as a point of departure, the paper explores issues of translingual practice and cross-cultural exchange. It considers what escapes or is lost in translation as well as the additive potential of the host text. It is sometimes the case that the translation can deliberately make certain ambiguities visible—whether from pragmatic, market-driven motivations or from more complex political, historical and cultural considerations. These negotiations of meaning that occur in the translation process can reverberate on the critical reception of texts in both the ‘guest’ and ‘host’ languages (Liu 1995, with open-ended, incomplete and indeterminate effects. The paper examines the effects of the omission of a brief parenthetical section of three paragraphs from one chapter of the Chinese edition of A Private Life. Yet, even that small emendation changes the original text as a cultural object and alters potential modes of its reception. In this case, the translation results in a loss of ambiguity, irony, philosophic and rhetorical sophistication while also offering additive potentials that enhance the generation of new meanings in the translingual exchange, here with reference Tiananmen and contemporary feminism in China. The translation process provides new channels for readers, writers and theorists to dialogue and communicate across gaps of difference, despite inhibiting factors like the imposition of local restraints, the universalising pressures of western modernity, and asymmetrical relations of power between guest and host language contexts.

  11. Evaluation of Green Logistics Level of Chang-zhu-tan City Cluster%长株潭城市群绿色物流评价

    庞燕; 夏扬坤


    首先对城市群绿色物流进行探讨,并构建出了长株潭城市群绿色物流要素系统;然后结合长株潭城市群区域物流特点,构建了长株潭城市群绿色物流评价指标体系;最后利用基于层次分析法的模糊综合评价模型(Fuzzy-AHP模型),对长株潭城市群物流发展绿色度进行评价,结果显示,长株潭城市群绿色物流发展总体水平为良好,但在资源集约和环境保护方面还需要加大力度。%In this paper, we first discussed the green logistics level of city clusters, built the green logistics element system of the Chang-zhu-tan city cluster, then in view of the characteristic of the regional logistics process of the city cluster, established the corresponding green logistics evaluation index system, and at the end, using fuzzy-AHP, assessed the degree of greenness of the logistics development of the Chang-zhu-tan city cluster.

  12. The Adherents Former Identity of Zhu Shunshui and His Rejection to be an Official%朱舜水的遗民身份与不仕



    The Bourgeois Revolution in contemporary Japan,after the victories of Sino-apanese War and Russo-Japanese War,is considered as a phasic success.And the preparations of various opinions and thoughts become a great concern by later historicists.Among those,the thought deriving from Tokugawa Mitukuni is apparently influenced by Zhu Shunshui.This thesis,based on the adherents former identity of Zhu Shunshui and historical context,tries to reveal the reason why he rejected to be an official,and his efforts to recover the former country.This thesis also aims to display the behaving paradigm of adherents of Ming Dynasty,who reject to corporate with Tsing Dominators.%文章以朱舜水的遗民身份为出发点,结合文本,考察他不肯步入仕途的起因和动机,以及他在东渡日本后的种种复国努力,希望可以通过完整把握朱舜水的遗民心态,厘清明代遗民拒绝于清朝统治者合作的一种行为范式。

  13. On Zhu Xi ’s Thoughts of Children ’s Education%朱子的“小学”思想析论



    Zhu Xi ’s thoughts were great achievements of Confucian in the Song dynasty. He had incisive and unique insights about education of ancient China. Zhu Xi thought that the original edification in one ’s life was the most important. Primary training should develop good habit ,right attitude ,correct idea and nice charac⁃ter. Though the contents of The Children’s Education only were details and rules in daily life ,they were the great sources of life in morality and career. The book named The Children’s Education which Zhu Xi com⁃piled included three parts ,the first was how to educate ,the second was how to deal with interpersonal rela⁃tionships and the third was how to remind oneself of reverence. After this book , the contents of The Children’s Education gradually formed a standardized system. The rules and formality in The Children’s Education were the foundation of the Youth Education which improving one ’s heart and mind. The Children’s Education was about physical things and the Youth Education was about the metaphysical truth ,they are in line. This book had a very high cultural connotation ,so it was very popular and had a great influence. It was nearly eight hundred years from Zhu Xi ’s time to Qing dynasty and Chinese primary training had always been in developing in Zhu Xi ’s thoughts orbit continuance.%朱子认为,人生之初所受的熏染是至为关键的,“童蒙养正”就是要从人生的早期做起,要养成正当的习惯、态度、观念和品格。“小学”的内容虽然只是简单的生活细节和具体规矩,但它却是人们一生德行事业的起点和根本所在。朱子所编的《小学》一书,将“小学”总结为“立教”、“明伦”、“敬身”三个方面,自此以后,“小学”的内容逐渐形成了一个规范化的体系。“小学”所教习的规矩和礼节,是大学培养“穷理尽性、修齐治平”能力的基础和根本;“小学”学习

  14. 朱珊教授治疗小儿肠系膜淋巴结炎的临证经验%Experience of Prof.ZHU Shan for treating mesenteric iymphadenitis in children

    赵文锦; 周怡锦; 朱珊


    Experience of Prof.ZHU Shan for treating mesenteric iymphadenitis in children was introdeuced. Prof.ZHU Shan thought that treatment should be combined with the physiological characteristics of childre, Jize Zhi Qibiao, Huan Ze Zhi Qiben, and advocated regulating Pi and Wei.%介绍朱珊教授治疗小儿肠系膜淋巴结炎的临证经验。朱珊教授认为应结合小儿的生理特点,治疗上急则治其标,缓则治其本,倡导调护脾胃。

  15. The spatial and temporal expression of Ch-en, the engrailed gene in the polychaete Chaetopterus, does not support a role in body axis segmentation

    Seaver, E. C.; Paulson, D. A.; Irvine, S. Q.; Martindale, M. Q.


    We are interested in understanding whether the annelids and arthropods shared a common segmented ancestor and have approached this question by characterizing the expression pattern of the segment polarity gene engrailed (en) in a basal annelid, the polychaete Chaetopterus. We have isolated an en gene, Ch-en, from a Chaetopterus cDNA library. Genomic Southern blotting suggests that this is the only en class gene in this animal. The predicted protein sequence of the 1.2-kb cDNA clone contains all five domains characteristic of en proteins in other taxa, including the en class homeobox. Whole-mount in situ hybridization reveals that Ch-en is expressed throughout larval life in a complex spatial and temporal pattern. The Ch-en transcript is initially detected in a small number of neurons associated with the apical organ and in the posterior portion of the prototrochophore. At later stages, Ch-en is expressed in distinct patterns in the three segmented body regions (A, B, and C) of Chaetopterus. In all segments, Ch-en is expressed in a small set of segmentally iterated cells in the CNS. In the A region, Ch-en is also expressed in a small group of mesodermal cells at the base of the chaetal sacs. In the B region, Ch-en is initially expressed broadly in the mesoderm that then resolves into one band/segment coincident with morphological segmentation. The mesodermal expression in the B region is located in the anterior region of each segment, as defined by the position of ganglia in the ventral nerve cord, and is involved in the morphogenesis of segment-specific feeding structures late in larval life. We observe banded mesodermal and ectodermal staining in an anterior-posterior sequence in the C region. We do not observe a segment polarity pattern of expression of Ch-en in the ectoderm, as is observed in arthropods. Copyright 2001 Academic Press.

  16. Study on Medication Principles of Modern Famous Doctor Chen Youzhi Using TCM to Cancer Patients Based on Data Analysis%基于数据分析当代名医陈友芝中医治癌的用药规律研究

    寇志成; 李廷保


    Objective: To investigate medication principles of modern famous doctor Chen Youzhi applying TCM to cancer patients based on data mining. Methods: TCM prescriptions in Chen Youzhi′s cases of applying TCM to cancer patients were typed into the computer, data base was founded by Microsoft Office Excel 2003, medication principles were analyzed by statistical methods. Results: Altogether 354 pieces of TCM prescriptions were collected, involved 231 kinds of herbs, total medication frequency reached 4 136 times. Conclusion: Main drugs are of heat-clearing, tonification, promoting diuresis and damp-clearing, digestion, resolving sputum and relieving asthma and others in clinic;core single herbs in turn: BanZhiLian (Scutellaria barbata D. Don), FuLing [Poria cocos (Schw.) Wolf], Jobstears seed, BaiHua SheShe Cao (Hedyotis diffusa Willd.), ShenQu (Massa Medicata Fermentata), JiaoGuLan [Gynostemma pentaphyllum (Thunb.) Makino], BaiShaoYao (White Paeony Root), ShouGong (Gekko japonicus Dumeril et Bibron), BeiMu (fritillary), KuShen (Sophora flavescens), ShanZha (Crataegus pinnatifida Bunge), BaiZhu (Atractylodes macrocephala Koidz.) and others.%目的:基于数据挖掘当代名医陈友芝中医药治疗癌症用药规律的研究。方法:将《陈友芝中医治癌百例》中医方剂录入计算机,使用Microsoft Office Excel 2003软件,建立数据库,运用统计学方法统计分析其用药规律。结果:整理治癌中药复方354首,使用中药231种,总用药次数4136次。结论:临床以清热药、补虚药、利水渗湿药、消食药、化痰平喘药等为主;核心单味药依次为半枝莲、茯苓、薏苡仁、白花蛇舌草、神曲、绞股蓝、白芍、守宫、贝母、苦参、山楂、白术等。

  17. Traditional uses, botany, phytochemistry, pharmacology and toxicology of Panax notoginseng (Burk.) F.H. Chen: A review.

    Wang, Ting; Guo, Rixin; Zhou, Guohong; Zhou, Xidan; Kou, Zhenzhen; Sui, Feng; Li, Chun; Tang, Liying; Wang, Zhuju


    Panax notoginseng (Burk.) F.H. Chen is a widely used traditional Chinese medicine known as Sanqi or Tianqi in China. This plant, which is distributed primarily in the southwest of China, has wide-ranging pharmacological effects and can be used to treat cardiovascular diseases, pain, inflammation and trauma as well as internal and external bleeding due to injury. This paper provides up-to-date information on investigations of this plant, including its botany, ethnopharmacology, phytochemistry, pharmacology and toxicology. The possible uses and perspectives for future investigation of this plant are also discussed. The relevant information on Panax notoginseng (Burk.) F.H. Chen was collected from numerous resources, including classic books about Chinese herbal medicine, and scientific databases, including Pubmed, SciFinder, ACS, Ebsco, Elsevier, Taylor, Wiley and CNKI. More than 200 chemical compounds have been isolated from Panax notoginseng (Burk.) F.H. Chen, including saponins, flavonoids and cyclopeptides. The plant has pharmacological effects on the cardiovascular system, immune system as well as anti-inflammatory, anti-atherosclerotic, haemostatic and anti-tumour activities, etc. Panax notoginseng is a valuable traditional Chinese medical herb with multiple pharmacological effects. This review summarizes the botany, ethnopharmacology, phytochemistry, pharmacology and toxicology of P. notoginseng, and presents the constituents and their corresponding chemical structures found in P. notoginseng comprehensively for the first time. Future research into its phytochemistry of bio-active components should be performed by using bioactivity-guided isolation strategies. Further work on elucidation of the structure-function relationship among saponins, understanding of multi-target network pharmacology of P. notoginseng, as well as developing its new clinical usage and comprehensive utilize will enhance the therapeutic potentials of P. notoginseng. Copyright © 2016

  18. Qualitative analysis of major constituents from Xue Fu Zhu Yu Decoction using ultra high performance liquid chromatography with hybrid ion trap time-of-flight mass spectrometry.

    Fu, Chunyan; Xia, Zian; Liu, Yonghui; Lu, Hongmei; Zhang, Zhimin; Wang, Yang; Fan, Xiaqiong


    Xue Fu Zhu Yu Decoction, a famous formula that has been used for treating many blood stasis-caused diseases for many centuries, comprises 11 kinds of traditional Chinese medicines. A convenient, efficient, and rapid analytical method was developed to simultaneously determine the major compounds in this decoction. An ultra-high performance liquid chromatography with hybrid ion trap time-of-flight mass spectrometry method was used to rapidly separate and detect the major constituents of the decoction. Using this technique, we identified or tentatively identified 34 compounds, including 21 flavonoids, 5 terpenoids, 3 organic acids, 2 lactones, 1 alkaloid, 1 amino acid, and 1 cyanogenic glycoside. The MS analysis of these constituents was described in detail. Findings may contribute to future metabolic and pharmacokinetic studies of this medicine.

  19. Equity Valuation and Accounting Numbers: Applying Zhang (2000 and Zhang and Chen (2007 models to Brazilian Market

    Fernando Caio Galdi


    Full Text Available This paper investigates how accounting variables explain cross-sectional stocks returns in Brazilian capital markets. The analysis is based on Zhang (2000 and Zhang and Chen (2007 models. These models predict that stock returns are a function of net income, change in profitability, invested capital, changes in opportunity growths and discount rate. Generally, the empirical results for the Brazilian capital market are consistent with the theoretical relations that models describe, similarly to the results found in the US. Using different empirical tests (pooled regressions, Fama-Macbeth and panel data the results and coefficients remain similar, what support the robustness of our findings.

  20. The Analysis of ZHU Rongji’s Idea in the Construction of Incorruption%朱镕基廉政建设思想探析



    ZHU Rongji fully aware of the importance of the dangers of corruption and clean government ,make economic and social development of the whole process -runs through the building ,the construction of anti-corruption system security , to build a strong ideological defense of the anti-corruption clean and honest ,resolute and prosecuted major cases ,a series of measures .Enlightenment of ZHU Rongji’s“clean government thoughts”is that attaches great importance to anti-corruption , insist on "economy and the independent commission against corruption with both hands ,both hard",strengthening the institu-tion-building ,strengthening the construction of honest and clean government culture has borrowed the country (border) for-eign advanced experience .%朱镕基充分认识到腐败危险性和廉政建设重要性,提出贯穿廉政建设于经济社会发展全过程、构筑反腐倡廉建设的制度保障、筑牢反腐倡廉建设的思想意识防线、坚决查办大案要案等一系列廉政建设措施。朱镕基廉政建设思想给我们的启示就是:要高度重视反腐倡廉建设、坚持“经济与廉政两手抓、两手都要硬”、加强各项制度建设、加强廉政文化建设、不断借鉴国(境)外的先进经验。

  1. On the Transformation of Homeland Identification in Zhu Tianxin’s Literary Works%论朱天心作品中原乡认同的流变



    原乡认同指的是作家对自我精神和生命来源的寻找和构建。随着时代的变迁,朱天心作品中的原乡认同不断发生着变化:从“三三集团”时期对“大中国”信仰的认同,到走出象牙塔后为失落的眷村群体书写历史记忆,直至呈现“漫游者”四处寻觅并无所依归的悲情。朱天心作品中的原乡追寻经历了从认同到不认同的流变,展示了作家重塑自我、构建精神家园的努力。%Homeland identification refers to the pursuits and construction of self-spirit and life origin. The home-land identification in Zhu Tianxin’s literary works transforms a lot with the change of the times. From looking for-ward to a faith of a great China in Sansan Group period to writing the historical recollections for the frustrated mili-tary residential community by departing from the ivory tower, her works show the flâneur’s pathos of no belongings and hovering around. The homeland pursuit in Zhu Tianxin’s literary works transforms from the identity to unidenti-fied character and shows the efforts of reinventing herself and constructing spiritual home.

  2. 朱光潜作品中的乡土情结书写∗%On the Rural Complex in Zhu Guangqian’ s Works



    Zhu Guangqian is good at applying metaphors and similes in his argumentative writing. The study on his works shows that many of his works are typical examples and images about rural life, social conventions and natural scenery. These descriptions of typical rural events and images in his works constitut a three⁃dimensional picture of rural life in South⁃western Anhui at the end of Qin dynasty. The choosing of rural life images in his works discloses Zhu Guangqian’ s deep homeland consciousness and rural complex, which is not only the result of his homesickness complex when he lived in cities, the humanistic orientation of his aesthetic and literary writing, but also a reflection of the collective unconsciousness in the Chinese nation.%朱光潜是说理文写作的高手。对他作品中的事理解读过程中经常会发现一些乡土人情、乡村风俗和田园风景书写,这些极富皖西南地域风情的典型事例和意象,汇聚起来构筑成一幅立体的清末民初皖西南山居图。隐藏在说理文中的乡土情结书写,凝聚着作者浓郁的家园意识和故土情怀,是成年朱光潜离开乡村天地奔赴城市生活的必然,是作者自然主义美学和文学旨趣的体现,也是植根于中华民族集体无意识中的一种情结。

  3. Feasibility and effectiveness of a Chen-style Tai Chi programme for stress reduction in junior secondary school students.

    Lee, Linda Y K; Chong, Yeuk Lan; Li, Ngai Yin; Li, Man Chung; Lin, Lai Na; Wong, Lee Yi; Wong, Brian Kit; Yip, Wing Ping; Hon, Cho Hang; Chung, Pui Kuen; Man, Shuk Yee


    Stress is common in junior secondary school students (JSSS). This study aimed to determine the feasibility and effectiveness of a Chen-style Tai Chi programme for stress reduction in JSSS. A non-equivalent pre-test/post-test control group design was adopted, and a convenience sample of 69 JSSS was recruited. The experimental group (n = 32) joined a Chen-style Tai Chi programme, which included 10 sessions of 80-minute Tai Chi training (one session per week). The control group (n = 37) proceeded with self-study. Participants' stress levels were assessed using the Perceived Stress Scale. Feasibility was determined as the percentage of participants completing and attending the programme. Effectiveness was measured as the significant difference in changes in stress levels before and after the intervention between the two groups. Results preliminarily supported that the programme was feasible for JSSS. Completion rate was 100%, and attendance rate was 90%. However, no significant difference was noted in changes in stress levels before and after the intervention between the two groups. The potential health benefits of Tai Chi could not be detected owing to the restrictions imposed by the research setting and study limitations. The present study represents initial efforts in this direction and serves as reference for future study. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  4. The Cognition on Vertigo of CHEN Xiu-yuan%论陈修园对眩晕的认识



    The article mainly discuss the cognition of famous Qing dynasty doctor CHEN Xiu-yuan on pathological mechanism, diagnosis and therapy of vertigo. It think that CHEN Xiu-yuan pointed out that the core pathological mechanism of vertigo is on reversed flow of Qi of JiuYin; It must attach important to pulse diagnosis and had better select and use famous prescriptions.AH that afford a good reference to afterword.%文章主要探讨清代医家陈修园对于眩晕病机、诊疗等方面的认识.分析认为陈修园提出了眩晕的病机核心在于厥阴气逆,在诊法上重视脉诊,提纲挈领,辨证清晰,治疗上则多选名方加减,为后世治疗眩晕提供了很好的借鉴.

  5. The Textual Research On Chen Shan of Tongren%铜仁进士陈珊事略考

    赵广升; 马丽


    Chen Shan,a successful candidate in the highest imperial examinations of Tongren in the the Ming Dynasty, was a lower official for ten years because of disobedience to the Premier Yan Song and was dismissed from office by an imperial censors who had impeached him greedy shop, therefore he was despised by many scholars.Chen shan’s words and behavior was respected by others and he was a model for scholars whether in his high moral deeds or speeches. And he was also a very crazy person at that time. We took the example of this to the modern society in order to train the ecological official place nowadays and it has great significance today.We can cultivate our fresh air for being an official.%明代铜仁进士陈珊,因忤逆首辅严嵩,官龃龉不达;后言官又弹劾他贪肆不职,遭免职闲住,颇为士论所遗。今据墓志铭等相关资料,勾稽其生平仕宦、乡居事迹,还其真相。陈珊节操言论堪为士表,乃一代狂狷之士。借古鉴今,对今天培育风清气正的官场生态,具有一定的意义。

  6. 郦珩《幼学切音便读》所记清末诸暨方音考%“Zhuji”(诸暨)Dialect in Late Qing Dynasty Recorded in“You Xue Qie Yin BianDu”(《幼学切音便读》)Written by Li Heng(郦珩)



    The marginal notes used as the phonetic annotations of the characters in the rhym tables of“YouXueQieYinBianDu”(《幼学切音便读》)written by Li Heng(郦珩)recorded the real phonological features of“Zhuji”(诸暨)dialect in late Qing Dynasty. Studied the phonetic annotations as well as related contents, the paper summed up the real phonetic features of initial&final systems recorded by“YouXueQieYinBianDu”(《幼学切音便读》). Compared with morden“Zhuji”(诸暨)dialect, and referenced the evolutionary rules of“Ningbo”(宁波)dialect which also belonges to the“Taihu”(太湖)area of Wu dialect since one hundred years ago, the paper revealed the phonetic nature of the real phonetic features and the regular patterns of phonetic evolution of“Zhuji”(诸暨)dialect since one hundred years ago.%提清末诸暨人郦珩《幼学切音便读》各韵图切字旁注直音很大程度上真实反映了清末诸暨方言的语音特征。通过对这些旁注直音以及相关内容的分析,论文从声母与韵母两方面归纳了《幼学切音便读》所反映的实际语音特征;并通过与现代诸暨方言语音特征的比较,参考同属吴语太湖片的宁波方言百年来的演变特征,对《幼学切音便读》实际语音的性质以及一个多世纪以来诸暨方言语音演变的现象与规律进行了初步揭示。

  7. “做错了还是做对了?”——析《夹边沟记事》里的道德悖论%An Analysis of the Ethic Paradox in The Chronicle of Jia Bian Gou



    In The Chronicle of Jia Bian Gou--a novel on the suffering of intellectuals during the "Anti-Right- ist" Campaign commencing in 1957, the writer through his writing close to historical facts. By differs distinctly from the previous narratives on the "the Rightists" analyzing the ethic paradox and complex humanity in extreme cir- cumstances and the dittlculties of survival under conditions of deficient material and cultural wealth, this paper at- tempts to expound on the profound meaning of ethic paradoxes--the extinction of the hypothesis that people are ba- sically good--a premise for constructing the ethic and moral basis due to the alienation and misplacement of life as well as the complexity and variation of humanity under extreme living circumstances. As for such ethic paradoxes, people can' t criticize and censure them in the traditional ethic perspective. In fact, The Chronicle of Jia Bian Guo not only presents complaints but also sparks compassion and sympathy on life and humanity at a more profound level of life philosophy.%《夹边沟记事》讲述了1957年开始的“反右”运动这一特殊历史时期知识分子的苦难史。作者以逼近历史真相的写作显示了迥异于以往“右派”叙事文本的鲜明异质。论文以极限境遇下的道德悖论和复杂人性为评析对象,透过物质和精神都极度匮乏的环境下的生存之难,挖掘道德悖论行为的深层意义:极端生存境遇下生命的’异化和错置,人性的复杂变异,使得建构伦理道德基础的人性本善的前提不复存在。人们无法用传统的道德观点加以批评和诘难。《夹边沟记事》呈现的不仅是控诉,还能引发人们从更为深刻的生命哲学的层面上产生对生命和人性的悲悯和同情。

  8. Philosophy of Chen & Zhan Mind---Key School of Mind Studies in Ming Dynasty%陈湛心学--明代心学之重要流派



    Chen & Zhan Mind, represented by Chen Baisha and his student Zhan Ganquan, standing along with Yangming Mind, has been key school of Mind studies in Ming dynasty. Modern transformation of Chen & Zhan mind, is the urgent study topic in Lingnan culture and has theoretical and practical value and meaning.%以陈白沙及其弟子湛甘泉为代表的陈湛心学,与阳明心学一样,是明代心学的重要流派。陈湛心学的现代转换,是岭南文化迫切需要研究的课题,具有理论与实践的价值和意义。

  9. 食管鳞状细胞癌中miR-183-5p、TβRⅠ及TβRⅡ的表达%Expression of miR-183-5p, TβRⅠand TβRⅡin esophageal squamous cell carcinoma Zhu Longping, You Jianliang, Hu Pingping, Mao Chaoming, Chen Deyu

    朱龙萍; 尤建良; 胡萍萍; 毛朝明; 陈德玉


    Objective To study the expression and clinical significance of miR-183-5p, TβRⅠ and TβRⅡ in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). Methods The mRNA and protein expression of miR-183-5p, TβRⅠ and TβRⅡ were examined in ESCC cell lines ECA-109, TE-1, normal esophageal epithelial cells, tumor tissues and tumor-free tissues from 72 ESCC patients. Their clinical significance and the relationship between miR-183-5p and the latter two were analyzed. The effects of miR-183-5p on the expression of TβRⅠand TβRⅡ in ECA-109 cells and the cell functions of ECA-109 were also investigated. Results Compared with the normal esophageal epithelia cells, ESCC cell lines TE-1 and ECA-109 were statistically characterized by a high expression of miR-183-5p (all P<0.05) and low expression of TβRⅠand TβRⅡ(all P<0.05). The expression of miR-183-5p in ESCC tissues was higher than that in adjacent normal tissues, while the expressions of TβRⅠ and TβRⅡ were lower (all P< 0.05). The expression of miR-183-5p was closely related to sex, tumor differentiation, tumor staging, distant metastasis, lymphatic metastasis, and tumor location (all P<0.05). TβRⅠlevel was associated with sex, lymph node metastasis and tumor size (all P<0.05). Experimental data showed the negative correlation between the expression of miR-183-5p and TβRⅠin ESCC tissues (r= -0.521, P< 0.05). Over expression of miR-183-5p significantly inhibited the expression of TβRⅠ in ECA-109 cells (P< 0.05) and promoted the growth, invasion and metastasis of ECA-109 cells (P< 0.05). Low expression of miR-183-5p significantly promoted the expression of TβRⅠ in ECA-109 cells (P< 0.05), and suppressed the growth, invasion and metastasis of ECA-109 cells (P< 0.05). There was no significant change in the expression of TβRⅡ in the transfection experiments. Conclusion MiR-183-5p is closely related to the abnormal expression of TβRⅠ, which may exert an important role in the progression of lymphatic metastasis.%目的:研究miR-183-5p、TβRⅠ及TβRⅡ在食管鳞状细胞癌(ESCC)中的表达、临床意义及相互关系。方法检测miR-183-5p、TβRⅠ及TβRⅡmRNA及蛋白在ESCC细胞株TE-1、ECA-109、正常食管上皮细胞和72例ESCC患者肿瘤组织及对应癌旁组织中的表达,分析其临床意义及miR-183-5p和TβRⅠ、TβRⅡ的相互关系。通过细胞转染实验调节细胞株ECA-109中miR-183-5p的表达,探讨miR-183-5p对TβRⅠ、TβRⅡ表达及细胞功能的影响。结果与正常食管上皮细胞相比,ESCC细胞株TE-1和ECA-109中miR-183-5p的表达增高(均P<0.05),TβRⅠ、TβRⅡ的表达降低(均P<0.05)。与癌旁组织相比, ESCC患者癌组织中miR-183-5p表达升高,而TβRⅠ、TβRⅡ表达降低(均P<0.05)。miR-183-5p的表达与患者性别、肿瘤分化、分期、远处转移、淋巴结转移及肿瘤位置相关(均P<0.05);TβRⅠ的表达与患者性别、淋巴结转移、肿瘤大小相关(均P<0.05);TβRⅡ的表达与淋巴结转移、肿瘤大小相关(均P<0.05)。相关性分析显示,miR-183-5p在癌组织中的表达与TβRⅠ的表达呈负相关(r=-0.521,P<0.05)。在细胞转染实验中,miR-183-5p过表达时,TβRⅠ表达下调,肿瘤细胞生长加速,迁移能力增强(均P<0.05);miR-183-5p低表达时,TβRⅠ表达上调,肿瘤细胞生长减慢,迁移能力减弱(均P<0.05);TβRⅡ在转染实验中无明显变化。结论 miR-183-5p与TβRⅠ的异常表达密切相关,可能在ESCC淋巴结转移中发挥重要作用。

  10. Modern Psychological Analysis of Zhu Zi Study Method%“朱子读书法”的现代心理学分析

    何秀; 王宁


    Since the ancient times , our country has always had the traditions on learning encouragement and attitude and more than dozens of classical learning methods have been passed down as well . Zhu Zi study method has a profound impact on our traditional methods . With respect to tradition recovery and classics in heritance , Zhu Zi study method , if interpreted scientifically , has an important impact on precise learning attitude and traditional cultural inheritance in a scientific way . Paying more attention to the clues , we can find out that the reason why the method can be spread to this day and regarded as a standard for learning by numerous scholars is that it has its nature of science in many ways and implies quite a lot of theories on modern psychology , including cognitivism , constructivism , situation and experience , attribution theory , etc . This thesis makes a corresponding discussion on the theories of psychology , aiming to explore the implicit science behind the Zhu Zi study method and make a detailed elaboration and argument in this regard .%朱子读书法流传至今,为众学者奉为阅读圭臬,缘于其具有相当的科学性,暗合了许多现代心理学的理论,其中“着紧用力”体现了意志的果断性、坚定性和自制力。“循序渐进”与皮亚杰的“认知阶段发展论”不谋而合,符合学习者身心发展规律。“熟读精思”是一种“复述”策略,按“艾宾浩斯遗忘曲线”的规律重复可以对抗遗忘。“切己体察”有助于能力的迁移。而根据“有意义接受说”和“建构主义理论”,“虚心涵泳”一法却很难做到,也没有必要摒弃或者隔离读者原有知识和观点。“居敬持志”中只有部分符合心理学观点,即注意力集中和适当焦虑,学习效率最高。总之,该读书法折射一种能力生长观,暗含能力可通过个人努力获得增长的。下文将深度挖掘朱子读书法蕴含的科

  11. On the Value Connotation and Orientation of ZHU Xi’ s “Truth”%朱熹之“理”的价值内蕴与路向



    Following the predecessors, especially CHENG Hao and CHENG Yi, ZHU Xi not only has en-riched the connotation of “Truth”, but also expanded the extension of “Truth”.He fully affirmed the metaphysical quality of “Truth”, the originality and valuable attribution of “Truth”, at the same time, through “Truth” threads together the three cardinal guides and“Truth” governs five constant virtues ( be-nevolence, righteousness, propriety, wisdom and fidelity) completed the basic construction of the moral metaphysics in “pushing truth on human affairs”.“Truth” is extrapolated to the human relations, social and political fields,“human desire” is dispelled in the process of attempt, and saw “desires eliminated and returning to nature” as the value presented approach for people to pursue the ultimate value to indi-cate the direction.Based on this, ZHU Xi not only is for Confucian thoughts to find metaphysical basis, but also for the ethical norms and political philosophy in the real life finding the persuasive theoretical foundation.Indeed,“ preserving Heaven, destroying human desires” in the domain of CHENG-ZHU Neo-Confucianism has some complex of moral utopian.Its realistic value and significance not only is to execute social reality, but that lead people to control the flood of desire and self-reflection, and be alert and concerned to gradually sinking morals and human heart.%继轨前贤尤其是程颢与程颐,朱熹不仅丰富了“理”的内涵,而且拓展了“理”的外延。他在充分肯定“理”的形上性、本源性与价值性的同时,以“理”贯“三纲”与“理”统“五常”完成了“以天理明人事”的道德形而上学的基本建构。他在将“天理”推衍到人伦、社会与政治领域的过程中试图消解“人欲”,并以“革尽人欲复尽天理”为价值呈现进路给追寻终极价值的人们指明了方向。基于此,朱熹不仅为儒家的纲常思

  12. The Legislation on Famine Policy by Zhu Yuanzhang, the First Emperor of Ming Dynasty%明太祖的荒政立法



    Famine relieving is considered an essential measure to promote economic development and maintain social stability. In order to carry out the policy smoothly, Emperor Zhu Yuanzhang has made detailed terms of law, covering from the prevention before disasters and the relief after it, to the selection of the officials and the punishment of corruption. The relief policy can thus be summed up as the following: a. The legislation on disaster prevention and reduction, b. The legislation on disaster relieving. By this relieving policy, Emperor Zhu Yuanzhang not only punished the corrupted officials in famine relief but also helped the victims with national relief in the disasters, thus reducing the damage to social productivity and laying a good foundation for the economic recovering and development of the Ming dynasty.%救荒是明代经济发展、社会稳定的重要措施。为了保证荒政的顺利而有效地进行,明太祖从灾害防治到灾害赈济,从赈灾官员的选用到对吏治腐败的整治,都制定了较为详细的法律条文。从这些法律条文中可以概括出明太祖的荒政立法包含以下两个方面:一、防灾与减灾中的立法;二、救灾中的立法。朱元璋通过荒政立法,一方面惩治了救灾中的腐败,提高了救灾的效率;另一方面也使灾民在自然灾害面前得到国家的救济,使社会生产力的破坏得以减轻,为明王朝的经济恢复和发展奠定了基础。

  13. 朱天心小说中的边缘主妇形象%The Marginalized Housewives in Zhu Tianxin’s Novels



    台湾当代女作家朱天心的《袋鼠族物语》、《鹤妻》,以动物寓言的方式,塑造了一群现代都市中心灵枯竭、独自啃噬寂寞的家庭主妇。不同于以往底层都市女性挣扎在生活的琐碎和温饱之中,也不同于张爱玲笔下的女性纠缠在与男性的爱情游戏中。袋鼠妈妈、洞窟女性都是受过高等教育的现代女性,然而袋鼠妈妈在有了小兽成为专职母亲后,远离丈夫、朋友、社会,内心幽闭,失去自我最终走向自杀。洞窟女性在物价不断上涨的危机中,在物质文明和消费社会挤压下,不断囤货,穷凶极恶般经营着自己的巢穴,内心无名的挣扎和焦虑,犹如置身荒原。%Taiwan contemporary writer Zhu Tianxin,in her works “Kangaroos Story”,“Wives like Crane”and “Butterfly Women”,shaped a group of exhaustion,solitude housewives and wives in mod-ern city in parable way.Unlike previous female images such as the women struggling against poverty, or the women entangled themselves in love game with men,the three types of women written by Zhu Tianxin focus on the women who are with high education in modern city.But when they became a full-time housewives,they were away from their husbands,friends and society,and they lost themselves and committed suicide in the end.

  14. An application of Chen system for secure chaotic communication based on extended Kalman filter and multi-shift cipher algorithm

    Fallahi, Kia; Raoufi, Reza; Khoshbin, Hossein


    In recent years chaotic secure communication and chaos synchronization have received ever increasing attention. In this paper a chaotic communication method using extended Kalman filter is presented. The chaotic synchronization is implemented by EKF design in the presence of channel additive noise and processing noise. Encoding chaotic communication is used to achieve a satisfactory, typical secure communication scheme. In the proposed system, a multi-shift cipher algorithm is also used to enhance the security and the key cipher is chosen as one of the chaos states. The key estimate is employed to recover the primary data. To illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed scheme, a numerical example based on Chen dynamical system is presented and the results are compared to two other chaotic systems.

  15. Prof. CHEN Ke-ji Winning the Prize of "Ren Ji Cup" for International Contribution to Chinese Medicine by WFCMS


    @@ In order to promote the exchange and cooperation of Chinese medicine among the states and regions globally and fasten the step of Chinese medicine to the world, the World Federation of Chinese Medicine Societies (WFCMS) has set up an award for those who have greatly contributed to medical treatment, education, scientific research of Chinese medicine, and the establishment of the statutory registration of Chinese medicine. The First International Contribution to Chinese Medicine Award Ceremony was held on April 10 at the Great Hall of the People in China. Prof. CHEN Ke-ji (China), Lin Tzi Chang (Australia) and David Molony (U.S.A) were awarded "Ren Ji Cup", the Prize for International Contribution to Chinese Medicine.

  16. CHEN Xujing’ s Research on Culturology%陈序经关于“文化学”的探讨



    陈序经先生是中国著名的社会学家,在其著作《文化学概论》中,对伦理、宗教、政治、经济四种文化观进行阐述与评价,并指出文化的地理、生物、心理和社会的基础,进而阐发文化的意义、性质、重心、成分及其关系等核心命题,构建了其特有的现代文化学体系。这部作品使人们对文化和文化学有了更多的了解,从而深知文化对于一个个体、民族、国家的重要性。%CHEN Xujing is a well-known Chinese sociologist .In his book “An Introduc-tion to Culturology”,Mr.CHEN interprets and evaluates four culture perspectives:ethic,reli-gion,politics,and economy,and points out the geographical ,biological,psychological,and social foundation of culture .The core issues,such as the significance ,nature,focus,and components of culture,are discussed to construct a system of modern culturology .With this work,we may understand and know culture and culturology more and have a better understanding of the sig -nificance of culture to individuals ,nation,and state .

  17. 从《弁而钗》、《宜春香质》看明清男风小说的另类美%A Research on Alternative Beauty Showed by Gay Fiction in Ming Qing Dynasties through Bian Er Chai and Yi Chun Xiang Zhi



      A lot of gay fiction appeared with the popular trend of homosexuality and the development of fiction in Ming Qing Dynasties . Taking Bian Er Chai and Yi Chun Xiang Zhi for example , this article discusses the alternative beauty showed by gay fiction in Ming Qing Dynasties ,which is in the theme of gay's love , by way of analyzing the internal of the text and comparing different texts in point of the expected value and narrative mode ,that is to say ,by means of analyzing unique narrative mode and the expected value showed by different texts ,this article is to show gentle nature and everlasting affection of gay fiction in Ming Qing Dynasties .%  明清时期,同性恋蔚然成风,笔记、小说十分发达,因而涌现了众多的男风小说。以《弁而钗》、《宜春香质》为例,通过细读文本、对比不同文本,从文本价值期待及叙事操作等角度,探讨明清时期以男子与男子之间的爱情为题材的男风小说中温文尔雅、情意绵绵的美学特质。

  18. 我国优秀男子花剑运动员朱俊的主要制胜因素分析%Analysis of the Main Factors for the Success of Our Elite Male Foil Fencer Zhu Jun



    Through technical statistics based on six important competitions'video tapes of Zhu Jun,the excellent foil fencer. This thesis find out that attack with beat,distance parry,direct riposte,riposte with a coupe,croise,and counter-attack are six major technique Zhu Jun used in competitions. As technique and efficiency factors are related,this thesis find out speed and distance controlling are main efficiency factors of Zhu Jun. This thesis recommend Zhu Jun to reinforce these factors in later training and competitions. Combine these factors with others,to make them become the ace in the hole.%通过对我国优秀男子花剑运动员朱俊的六场重大赛事录像进行专项技术统计分析,找出了朱俊的主要得分技术为击打进攻、距离防守、直刺还击、交叉还击、击打转移还击和反攻六项。根据技术与制胜因素的对应关系,得出了朱俊的主要制胜因素是快速和距离。认为朱俊在以后的训练和比赛中应该加强快速和距离的特点,并注意运用组合制胜因素,使其成为制胜的“杀手锏”。

  19. On Zhu Xi's Inheritance and Development of Zhang ZaiS Idea of Reading%论朱熹对张载读书思想的继承和发展



    在宋儒中,朱熹惟独对张载的为学工夫尤其是读书思想最为推崇。他对张载所提揭的“维持此心”、“去旧来新”、“平易其心”、“熟读成诵”诸义均有所继承和发展。这不仅与朱熹为学的坚苦工夫历程有关,而且与他视读书为穷理之一事的思想、为救时学之弊的卫道之心相契合。%In the Song Confucians, Zhu Xi praised Zhang Zai mostly, especially his learning efforts of reading. Zhu Xi has inherited and developed Zhang Zai's thoughts like " maintenance of the heart from read- ing" ," to cast off the old ideal and obtain the new knowledge" ," planning its heart" , and "becoming familiar chant". This is not only related to Zhu Xi~ hard work to learn the course in his life, but also consistent with his idea of regarding reading as one way to understand the universal principle, and his moral heart to save the soci- ety from bad fashions.

  20. The Relationship Between Title of Ming Dynasty and ZhuYuanzhang' s Religious Belief%大明国号与朱元璋信仰关系研究



    Scholars believe that the title of Ming Dynasty came from ZhuYuanzhang' s experience of becoming a member of Zor-oastrianism.So, some people called him as"the Birth of Anji Yuukyuuzan".Through the investigation on Zhu Yuanzhang's belief system, we can find that ZhuYuanzhang dipped himself into Buddhism, Taoism, Zoroastrianism, Confucianism and other sects or schools,his belief system is somewhat of disorder.Based on this,title of Ming Dynasty would not have come from Zoroastrianism, but it could be close to Tantric Buddhism.%学界曾以朱元璋参与过明教,并以"明王出世"而认为大明国号也由来于此. 实际上,通过对朱元璋信仰体系的考察检视,可以发现,朱元璋一生对佛教、道教、明教、儒学等宗派或学派都有涉猎,其信仰体系缺乏连续性. 基于此,大明国号的由来不是源于明教,而与佛教密宗关系更为密切.

  1. 浅析朱山坡小说的荒诞特性%The Characteristics of Absurdness in Zhu Shanpo’ Novels



    Guangxi writer Zhu Shanpo thinks the highest level of performance techniques of novels is"absurdness". In his novels, performance techniques of absurdness through the different degrees of the modes of discourse and narrative are reflected in four aspects: the bizarre plot, exaggerated description, oversimplified and caricatured characters, creative use of language, widely adopted parody.%广西作家朱山坡认为小说之表现手法的最高境界是“荒诞”,综观朱山坡的小说文本,他的小说创作的话语方式、叙事模式不同程度地呈现出荒诞特征的表现技巧,分别体现在四个方面:离奇的情节、夸张的描写、漫画式和过度简化的人物形象、语言的创造性运用、仿拟的广泛采用。

  2. Discussion and analysis of the theory disease of emotion causing disease of ZHU Dan-xi%朱丹溪"情志致病"理论探析



    ZHU Dan-xi thought that emotional factors are the main cause of disease. The stress change of emotion causes disorder of Zang and Fu and frenetic stirring of ministerial fire,and then consumes body fluid. After that,the activity of Qi is disrupted and Six yu is caused. The Yueju pills is the specific prescription to treat melancholia and has distinct effect,providing theoretical basis and ideas for the therapy of depression. The medical thinking and clinical practice has important significance to treat mental and psychosomatic diseases.%朱丹溪认为情志因素是致病主要病因,情绪变化过极引起脏腑病变,引动相火妄动而耗伤阴津,气机郁积,脏腑失调,导致"六郁".所创制的越鞠丸是治疗郁证的专方,为后世治疗郁证提供了理论依据和思路,对治疗心理和心身疾病也有重要的指导意义.

  3. On ZHU Zi-qing's Appreciation Theories of Chinese Classic Literature%朱自清古典文学欣赏理论初探



    欣赏中国古典文学作品离不开吟诵,要在吟诵的基础上了解,在培养欣赏力的同时培养判断力.欣赏也是想象、感受和理解的过程,更是一个再创造的过程.这是朱自清对古典文学欣赏理论的系统总结.这一欣赏理论,不仅内涵丰富,而且还有自己的特色.%The appreciation of Chinese classic literature works cannot be separated from the intonation of them. Comprehension is acquired on the basis of the intonation, and thus the appreciation as well as the judgment is cultivated. The appreciation is a course of imagination, perception and comprehension, and furthermore a course of recreation. This is a systematic conclusion of ZHU Zi-qing's theory of appreciation of Chinese classic literature works. The theory is rich in content with its own traits.

  4. An Analysis of Creation Ideas underlying Anthology of Heartbroken Poetry by Zhu Shuzhen%朱淑真《断肠集》创作心旅探微



    With the author’s emotional development as the sequence,Anthology of Heartbroken Poetry by Zhu Shuzhen,a female poet of Southern Song Dynasty described the “id”that longed for freedom and love,the“ego”that scrupulously abided by feudal code of ethics but rebeled boldly against it, and the reborn“superego”that showed concern about the livelihood of the people. The anthology presents readers an heroine who enjoyed happiness,experienced bitterness and finally realized her own metamorphosis and transcension.%朱淑真的《断肠集》以作者的情感发展脉络为经,描写了一个向往自由与追求美好爱情的“本我”,恪守礼教又大胆反抗的“自我”,以及关注民生、蜕变重生的“超我”,呈现出一个享受欢乐、经历痛苦,最后蜕变超越的女主人公形象。

  5. 朱广旗教授治疗小儿癫痫病经验%Experience of Professor ZHU Guang-qi for treating children’s epilepsia

    陶奕汐; 朱广旗


    Epilepsia is a common disease of children’s systema nervosum, which can cause many kinds of chronic brain diseases and damage brain function if breaks out frequently. Therefore, it becomes the main prevention and cure mental disorder. Professor ZHU Guang-qi has worked as a doctor for more than 30 years, and has abundant experience for treating epilepsia. He summarizes several kinds which has notable efficacy.%  癫痫为小儿神经系统常见疾病之一,是多种病因引起的慢性脑疾病;长期、频繁地发作可损害脑功能,因此该病成为全球重点防治的神经精神疾病。吾师从医30余年,学验颇丰,在治疗小儿癫痫中积累了丰富经验,总结出熄风豁痰、补脾肾等治痫方法,临床疗效显著。

  6. Increase Under standing , Deepen Friendship and Promote Cooperation——Report on CPPCC Vice-Chairman Chen Zongxing's Visit to Italy, Malta, Cyprus and Israel


    正At the invitation of the parliaments of Italy, Malta, and Cyprus and the Organizing Committee of the Fourth Presidents' Meeting of Israel, Chen Italy: China-Italy relations are developing smoothly. Cultural exchanges are at the best time ever.

  7. The Research and Statement of the Versions of Chen Bu-lei Biography%陈布雷传记版本考述

    鞠北平; 郭学勤


    At present there are several versions of the Biography of Chen Bu-lei. The emergence of these different versions raises interest in Chen Bu-lei, and enhance the understanding of this historical figures. However, the publication of biographies of historical conditions are subject to certain conditions and the impact of the information, which will result in the current biography of Chen Bu-lei all the failings exist. So far, the real value of academic biography of Chen mine did not appear.%当前出现了多种版本的陈布雷传记,这些不同版本传记的出现引起了人们对陈布雷的兴趣,增强了对这位历史人物的了解。传记的出版受到一定的历史条件与资料条件影响,目前陈布雷传记不尽人意,真正有学术价值的陈布雷传记并未出现。

  8. Comment on "current separation and upwelling over the southeast shelf of Vietnam in the South China Sea" by Chen et al

    Dippner, Joachim W.; Bombar, Deniz; Loick-Wilde, Natalie;


    In a recent paper, Chen et al. (2012) showed that the offshore current in front of the Vietnamese upwelling area in the South China Sea (SCS) is caused by an encounter of southward buoyancy-driven coastal current and tidal rectified currents from the southwest. These findings seem not in agreemen...

  9. Occurrence of Tibetan Migratory Locust: Locusta migratoria tibetensis Chen%西藏飞蝗发生规律的分析

    牙森·沙力; 高松; 学加热; 涂雄兵; 彭仕鼎; 薛志平; 张泽华


    In order to clarify the occurrence of Locusta migratoria tibetensis Chen in Jin Sha Jiang River Valley, we analyzed the life history and population dynamics of L. m. tibetensis Chen based on field data in 2007. Result showed that L. m. tibetensis Chen has one generation per year. Its eggs began hatching in mid-late of April with emergence as adults in mid July starting oviposition in mid August. Swarm of gregarious individuals in plot 1, plot 2 and plot 3, had large population density, then gradually decreased from end of June to first week of July. The population has small density in Plot 4. Growth and dynamics of L.m. tibetensis Chen have different characteristics in different habitat.%为阐明金沙江流域蝗区两藏飞蝗(Locusta migratoria tibetensis Chen)发生规律,2007年夏季依据不同植物群落中西藏飞蝗年生活史和种群动态数据分析其发生规律.结果表明:西藏飞蝗在金沙江流域一年发生一代,4月中下旬开始孵化,7月上中旬开始羽化为成虫,8月中旬起进入产卵期.在样地1、样地2和样地3内西藏飞蝗以群居型个体为主,前期虫口密度高,到6月下旬至7月上旬逐渐降低;在样地4内虫口密度低,以散居型个体为主.生境对两藏飞蝗生长发育和消长动态有一定的影响.

  10. Zhu Ziqing's Teaching of Poetryand Its Influence%朱自清诗歌教学活动及其影响



    Zhu Ziqing's teaching of poetry, a practical form of his research in poetry, has a deep academic foundation in that it shows the path of his research and its academic characteristics. His notes on poetry are a natural extension of his research into the classroom. These notes, despite a rambling appearance, never depart from the afore-mentioned path and his academic prin- ciples, stressing basic characteristics like intuitional awareness, academic rigor and the blending of poetic and historical per- spectives. "Suspension of conclusions", which is essential to his research, doesn't mean "reaching no conclusions", but rather implying them in the process of demonstration. In his poetry course the students are required to analyze poems in class and write their own poems outside class, the latter being not only a means of testing the students about what he teaches in class but more importantly, a way of guiding them to their own poetic creation. Expeditions to mountains and lakes, poetry recitations and activities sponsored by campus literary associations are important venues of teacher-student interaction and where teachers teach by personal example as well as verbal instruction. Zhu Ziqing takes advantage of his position as poet, poetry theorist and renowned professor to discover new poets, help correct their works and recommend them for publication, write prefaces for their collections of poems and ease their entry into poets' circles. In all this he displays a tenderness for buddine poets.%朱自清的诗歌教育作为其诗歌研究的实践形态,以其深厚的学术根底为基础,往往留存着其诗歌研究的基本理路与学术风格。诗歌讲义是其诗歌研究向课堂的自然延伸,表面零散,却内蕴着一以贯之的思致与学理,凸显出感悟、学理与诗史视界相融合的基本特性。“按而不断”更是其精髓所在,“按而不断”并非“无断”,而是将论断蕴含于论证过程之中。

  11. On Zhu Jian-er five quartets"He"%中西合璧立足超越--试析朱践耳五重奏《和》



      《和》是1992年朱践耳先生基于现代音乐观念创作的一部五重奏作品,作曲家在《和》中将古、今、中、西的思维、技法、观念相融合,既发扬传统,又超越传统;既取法现代,又超越现代。本文从文化内涵、音乐语言特色和音乐技术应用、音乐结构、风格特征等几个方面对这部作品进行分析,力求对这部具有个性和现代意识的中国作品有一个新的审美认识。%"He"is the concept of modern music creation of works based on the fusion of five quartets by Mr. Zhu Jian-er in 1992, in"He", composer combines the ancient and modern, western, thinking, skills, ideas, not only carry forward the tradition, but also beyond the traditional method;not only modern, and beyond the modern.This article carries on the analysis to this work from several cultural connotation, music language and music technology, music structure, style characteristics, in order to have a new aesthetic understanding of the personality and the consciousness of modern Chinese works.

  12. Enterobacter xiangfangensis sp. nov., isolated from Chinese traditional sourdough, and reclassification of Enterobacter sacchari Zhu et al. 2013 as Kosakonia sacchari comb. nov.

    Gu, Chun Tao; Li, Chun Yan; Yang, Li Jie; Huo, Gui Cheng


    A Gram-stain-negative bacterial strain, 10-17(T), was isolated from traditional sourdough in Heilongjiang Province, China. The bacterium was characterized by a polyphasic approach, including 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, RNA polymerase β subunit (rpoB) gene sequence analysis, DNA gyrase (gyrB) gene sequence analysis, initiation translation factor 2 (infB) gene sequence analysis, ATP synthase β subunit (atpD) gene sequence analysis, fatty acid methyl ester analysis, determination of DNA G+C content, DNA-DNA hybridization and an analysis of phenotypic features. Strain 10-17(T) was phylogenetically related to Enterobacter hormaechei CIP 103441(T), Enterobacter cancerogenus LMG 2693(T), Enterobacter asburiae JCM 6051(T), Enterobacter mori LMG 25706(T), Enterobacter ludwigii EN-119(T) and Leclercia adecarboxylata LMG 2803(T), having 99.5%, 99.3%, 98.7%, 98.5%, 98.4% and 98.4% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity, respectively. On the basis of polyphasic characterization data obtained in the present study, a novel species, Enterobacter xiangfangensis sp. nov., is proposed and the type strain is 10-17(T) ( = LMG 27195(T) = NCIMB 14836(T) = CCUG 62994(T)). Enterobacter sacchari Zhu et al. 2013 was reclassified as Kosakonia sacchari comb. nov. on the basis of 16S rRNA, rpoB, gyrB, infB and atpD gene sequence analysis and the type strain is strain SP1(T)( = CGMCC 1.12102(T) = LMG 26783(T)).

  13. Screening for Internet Addiction: An Empirical Study on Cut-off Points for the Chen Internet Addiction Scale

    Chih-Hung Ko


    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to establish the optimal cut-off points of the Chen Internet Addiction Scale (CIAS, to screen for and diagnose Internet addiction among adolescents in the community by using the well- established diagnostic criteria of Internet addiction. This survey of 454 adolescents used screening (57/58 and diagnostic (63/64 cut-off points of the CIAS, a self-reported instrument, based on the results of systematic diagnostic interviews by psychiatrists. The area under the curve of the receiver operating characteristic curve revealed that CIAS has good diagnostic accuracy (89.6%. The screening cut-off point had high sensitivity (85.6% and the diagnostic cut-off point had the highest diagnostic accuracy, classifying 87.6% of participants correctly. Accordingly, the screening point of the CIAS could provide a screening function in two-stage diagnosis, and the diagnostic point could serve as a diagnostic criterion in one-stage massive epidemiologic research.

  14. Analysis of Chen Xiuyuan's Differential Treatment of Puerperal Disorders%陈修园辨治产后病探析



    This article summarizes Chen Xiuyuan's differential therapy for puerperal disorder. In response to the physiological and pathological characteristics of puer-peral disorders, the author advanced many points in treating the disease, including that the asthenia and sthenia of puerperal alternate chill and fever or postpartum lochia should be discriminated clearly, paying attention to spleen-stomach, removing blood stasis first, applying warm and supplement therapy simultaneously and purgative therapy shouldn't be applied to postpartum constipation ,etc.%总结陈修园关于产后疾病的辨治方法 ,针对产后生理、病理特性,提出对产后寒热、恶露等症,需明辨虚实、真假;治疗产后病证注重脾胃,以祛瘀为先,温补相兼,以及产后便秘不宜轻下等诸多临证要旨和观点.

  15. Comment on “Chen et al., Fabrication and photovoltaic conversion enhancement…”, Electrochimica Acta, 2014

    Valentic, Lara; Gorji, Nima E.


    In a recent article, Chen et al. [Electrochimica Acta, 2014, 130: 279] presented their fabrication and characterization results on a graphene/n-Si solar cell where the Au nanoparticles were inserted in graphene to increase its optical and electrical properties. The higher efficiency of the device was attributed to increased conductivity of graphene after doping with Au nanoparticles. However, the knowledge in the field of Schottky diode solar cells relates this to increased band bending at the junction. Also, to explain the instability behaviour, they concluded that the growth of silicon oxide on the Si surface or oxygen adsorption on the window layer resulted in the device performance increasing initially and decreasing in the end. However, this instability seems to be due to variation in series resistance reduced at the beginning because of slightly lowered Fermi level and increased at the end by the self-compensation by deep in-diffusion of Au nanoparticles into n-Si layer. We also propose that inserting a very thin p-type layer at the junction will enhance the carrier collection and performance of this device.

  16. Plasma biochemistry values in emperor geese (Chen canagica) in Alaska: comparisons among age, sex, incubation, and molt.

    Franson, J. Christian; Hoffman, D.J.; Schmutz, J.A.


    Reduced populations of emperor geese (Chen canagica), a Bering Sea endemic, provided the need to assess plasma biochemistry values as indicators of population health. A precursory step to such an investigation was to evaluate patterns of variability in plasma biochemistry values among age, sex, and reproductive period. Plasma from 63 emperor geese was collected on their breeding grounds on the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta in western Alaska, USA. The geese sampled included 18 incubating adult females captured, in mid June, on their nests by using bow nets, and 30 adults and 15 goslings captured in corral traps in late July and early August, when the adults were molting their wing feathers and the goslings were 5-6 weeks old. Plasma was evaluated for 15 biochemical parameters, by comparing results among age, sex, and sampling period (incubation versus wing-feather molt). Ten of the 15 biochemical parameters assayed differed among adults during incubation, the adults during molt, and the goslings at molt, whereas sex differences were noted in few parameters.

  17. Late-time evolution of cosmological models with fluids obeying a Shan-Chen-like equation of state

    Bini, Donato; Geralico, Andrea


    Classical as well as quantum features of the late-time evolution of cosmological models with fluids obeying a Shan-Chen-like equation of state are studied. The latter is of the type $p=w_{\\rm eff}(\\rho)\\,\\rho$, and has been used in previous works to describe, e.g., a possible scenario for the growth of the dark-energy content of the present Universe. At the classical level the fluid dynamics in a spatially flat Friedmann-Robertson-Walker background implies the existence of two possible equilibrium solutions depending on the model parameters, associated with (asymptotic) finite pressure and energy density. We show that no future cosmological singularity is developed during the evolution for this specific model. The corresponding quantum effects in the late-time behavior of the system are also investigated within the framework of quantum geometrodynamics, i.e., by solving the (minisuperspace) Wheeler-DeWitt equation in the Born-Oppenheimer approximation, constructing wave-packets and analyzing their behavior.

  18. Plasma biochemistry values in emperor geese (Chen canagica) in Alaska: comparisons among age, sex, incubation, and molt.

    Franson, J Christian; Hoffman, David J; Schmutz, Joel A


    Reduced populations of emperor geese (Chen canagica), a Bering Sea endemic, provided the need to assess plasma biochemistry values as indicators of population health. A precursory step to such an investigation was to evaluate patterns of variability in plasma biochemistry values among age, sex, and reproductive period. Plasma from 63 emperor geese was collected on their breeding grounds on the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta in western Alaska, USA. The geese sampled included 18 incubating adult females captured, in mid June, on their nests by using bow nets, and 30 adults and 15 goslings captured in corral traps in late July and early August, when the adults were molting their wing feathers and the goslings were 5-6 weeks old. Plasma was evaluated for 15 biochemical parameters, by comparing results among age, sex, and sampling period (incubation versus wing-feather molt). Ten of the 15 biochemical parameters assayed differed among adults during incubation, the adults during molt, and the goslings at molt, whereas sex differences were noted in few parameters.

  19. Le fictif et le réel dans L’Empereur et l’assassin de Chen Kaige

    Xiaomin Giafferri


    Full Text Available Comme tout texte historique littéraire refait l’Histoire en la manipulant, le récit filmique est doublement mensongère du fait de sa double représentation : le décor et les acteurs représentent une situation qui est la fiction, et le film lui-même représente sous forme d’images juxtaposées cette première représentation. Sans vouloir faire la part du réel et de l’imaginaire, le présent travail tente de montrer comment, dans le film L’empereur et l’assassin de Chen Kaige, l’illusion de l’authenticité s’établit à travers les mécanismes de la fictionnalisation de l’Histoire. L’observation de leur manifestation est amenée à considérer deux axes principaux : l’organisation du récit et la mise en scène des personnages.

  20. Activation energy and R. Chen frequency factor in the Randall and Wilkins original equation for second order kinetics. Emission curve simulated in Microsoft Excel algebra; Energia de activacion y factor de frecuencia de R. Chen en la ecuacion original de Randall y Wilkins para cinetica de segundo orden. Curva de emision simulada en algebra de Microsoft Excel

    Moreno M, A. [Departamento de Apoyo en Ciencias Aplicadas, Benemerita Universidad Autonoma de Puebla, 4 Sur 104, Centro Historico, 72000 Puebla (Mexico); Moreno B, A


    In this work the incorporation of activation energy and frequency factor parameters proposed by R. Chen are presented in the original formulation of Randall and wilkins second order kinetics. The results concordance are compared between the calculus following the R. Chen methodology with those ones obtained by direct incorporation of the previously indicated in the Randall-Wilkins-Levy expression for a simulated thermoluminescent emission curve of two peaks with maximum peak temperature (tm): t m1=120 and t m2=190. (Author)

  1. Interaction between traditional Chinese medicine and western medicine in rats——In-Chen-How and acetaminophen%中西药相互作用研究:茵陈蒿与对乙酰氨基酚

    陈丽芳; 刘文德; 林双金; 梁永昌; 王慧瑜


    The purpose of this study is to evaluate the interaction effects of In-Chen-How (Artemisia capillaries Thunb.) on the pharmacokinetics of acetaminophen and on liver microsomal cytochrome P450 enzyme activity in rats. The rats were divided into control group (n=8) without In-Chen-How and the pretreated group (n=8) administered with In-Chen-How (approximately 1.0 mL·kg-1, according to weight) for 5 consecutive days. Rats in the control group received water simultaneously. Each rat was then given acetaminophen. The pharmacokinetic parameters of acetaminophen of the two groups were significantly different. In the In-Chen-How pretreated group, the maximum concentration of acetaminophen and the area under the plasma concentration-time curve were reduced about 58.4%, 56.7% and 55.4%. To further explain the results, liver microsomal suspensions were obtained from rats that were randomly divided into control and In-Chen-How pretreated group. The levels of CYP1A2 and CYP2E1 in hepatic microsomal protein from pretreated group were increased as compared to that from the control group. It indicated that In-Chen-How can stimulate the activity of CYP isozymes. The changes in the pharmacokinetics of acetaminophen resulting from the administration of In-Chen-How are related to an increase in metabolic activity of CYP1A2 and CYP2E1.

  2. 泥盆纪锥石类Changshaconus Zhu,1985和Reticulaconularia Babcock et Feldmann,1986两属的解剖学和系统学%ANATOMY AND SYSTEMATICS OF THE DEVONIAN CONULARIIDS CHANGSHACONUS ZHU,1985 AND RETICULACONULARIA BABCOCK ET FELDMANN,1986


    重新描述了湖南中泥盆世的锥石Changshaconus carinata Zhu,1985.通过比较,笔者认为Changshaconus与产自南非泥盆系和南、北美洲下泥盆统中的Reticulaconularia Babcock et Feldmann,1986非常相似.Changshaconus和Reticulaconularia两属由于锥管表面横肋间具有纵向脊状构造,与横肋构造一起构成了网状的表面装饰,从而区别于其它所有锥石类化石.两属的其它特征还包括:(1)在角沟处,横肋成交错状排列;(2)横肋在角沟的肩部向口端明显弯曲;(3)面中线呈明显的脊状隆起.以上3个特征在Climacoconus Sinclair,1952属中存在,因此Changshaconus、Reticulaconularia和Climacoconus构成了一个单系类群,而不同于其它锥石类.这3属又与Notoconularia Thomas,1969和Paraconularia Sinclair,1952 两属相似,横肋都在角沟处呈交错状排列.%Changshaconus carinata Zhu,1985,a Middle Devonian conulariid from Hunan Province,southeastern China,is redescribed and refigured.Changshaconus probably was most closely related to Reticulaconularia Babcock et Feldmann,1986,which occurs in the Devonian of South Africa and the Lower Devonian of Bolivia,New Jersey,and Quebec.Changshaconus and Reticulaconularia differ from all other conulariids in having transverse ribs and interspace ridges that are arranged in such a way as to form a reticulate facial ornament.Additional characteristics of Changshaconus and Reticulaconularia include (1) interruption plus alternate arrangement and interlocking of the transverse ribs in the corner sulcus;(2) sharp bending of the transverse ribs toward the aperture on the shoulders (edges) of the corner sulcus;(3) midline of the four faces marked by an external ridge.Together,these three additional similarities are uniquely shared with Climacoconus Sinclair,1952,and can be interpreted as evidence that Changshaconus,Reticulaconularia,and Climacoconus were members of a single,monophyletic taxon that excluded all other conulariids.This group

  3. Preference Differentiation of ChangZhuTan Urban Rresidents Forest Health Tourism Based on Lifestyle: A Case of ChangZhuTan City%基于生活形态的城市居民森林保健旅游偏好分异研究 ——以长株潭地区为例

    郑群明; 唐绒; 陈青山


    森林保健旅游已经成为健康旅游的一大热点.在森林保健旅游的研究中,旅游偏好研究的成果较少.通过引入生活形态的概念,对长株潭地区的城市居民加以细分,来研究生活形态迥异的城市居民在森林保健旅游领域的旅游偏好.研究发现,长株潭地区的城市居民可细分为保守稳重型、消极随意型和积极进取型三个不同生活形态的族群;进一步研究发现,不同生活形态的族群在人口学特征、森林保健旅游项目、信息渠道、出行时段、出游方式、入住方式以及消费意向等森林保健旅游偏好方面存在差异.基于研究结论从产品开发和市场营销角度提出相关建议.%Forest health tourism has become a hot spot for health tourism.In the study of forest health tourism,pref-erence research has few outcome.This paper introduces the concept of lifestyle,to distinguish urban residents in Chang-ZhuTan areas and study the travel preferences about different forms of urban residents.It finds that,ChangZhuTan Ur-ban Residents can be ,this paper sdivided into conservative type,passive type and aggressive type.Further research finds differences among the three different lifestyle groups in demographic characteristics and forest health tourism projects,information channels,travel time,travel mode,dormitory-style and consume intention.Finally,some related suggestions for product development and marketing are proposed based on the research findings.

  4. Redescription of Trypanosoma ophiocephali Chen 1964 (Kinetoplastida: Trypanosomatina: Trypanosomatidae) and first record from the blood of dark sleeper (Odontobutis obscura Temminck and Schlegel) in China.

    Gu, Zemao; Wang, Jianguo; Zhang, Jinyong; Gong, Xiaoning


    During the parasite fauna investigation within 2004 and 2005, the freshwater fish trypanosomes were isolated from the blood of dark sleeper (Odontobutis obscura Temminck and Schlegel) and snakehead fish (Ophiocephalus argus Cantor) from Niushan Lake, Hubei Province, China. Blood trypomastigotes were used for light microscopy investigations. The detailed descriptions of three morphological groups of the genus Trypanosoma: Trypanosoma sp. I and Trypanosoma sp. II found in blood of O. obscura, and Trypanosoma sp. III found in blood of O. argus were provided. Morphological features and host species show Trypanosoma sp. III belong to Trypanosoma ophiocephali Chen 1964, an incompletely described species. Infection with trypanosomes of O. obscura was recorded for the first time. According to the size and appearance, the trypanosomes in O. obscura were also tentatively identified as T. ophiocephali Chen 1964.


    王书永; 葛斯琴; 崔俊芝; 李文柱; 杨星科


    记述叶甲科跳甲亚科九行跳甲属Lpromela Chen及1新种.新种产自中国海南省吊罗山.该属系Chen于1933年建立,模式种为L.costata Chen,产自日本.该属此前已知4种,L.okinawana Chujo及L.mi砌nutissima(Pic)等2种分布于日本,L.formosana Ohno记录于中国台湾,L.bupipennis Chen et Wang 记录于中国广西,连同本文一新种L.decemaculata Wang et Ge,sp.nov.本属迄今已知5种.其分布区限于亚洲东南部,其生物学尚属未知.

  6. 陈云与三年困难时期的救灾工作%Chen Yun and the Relief Work in the Period of Three Difficult Years

    尚长风; 刘春


    由于政策失误以及自然灾害等原因,1959年—1961年(三年困难时期),我国发生严重灾荒。1958年,陈云因为领导"反冒进",曾受到严厉批判,处境艰难。在灾荒早期,陈云就出现的问题,采取力所能及的措施,力求把损失降低到最低限度。当灾荒全面暴露以后,陈云把缓解灾情、安排好人民生活作为自己在这一时期的主要工作。为此,陈云提出了一系列救灾措施。主要有:紧急进口粮食、精简城镇人口、救济城镇人口、调整党的农村政策等。%As a result of policy failures and natural disasters,severe famine occurred in China from 1959 to 1961,i.e.,the Period of Three Difficult Years.Severely criticized,Chen Yun got into extreme difficulty in 1958,resulted from his leading role in the Opposing-Rash-Advance issue.In the early phase of the famine,Chen Yun strived to reduce the loss to the minimal level by expending best efforts.When the famine had widely spread out of control,Chen Yun focused his responsibility on the famine relief and maintenance of people's livelihood.For this purpose,Chen Yun put forward a series of relief measures,including emergency food importation,streamlining urban population,relieving urban residents,and adjusting the Party's rural policy, etc.

  7. La scission et le développement dans la tradition de l ’écriture féminine de Chen Ran

    LI Yueguang fr


    Le roman de Chen Ran陈染Siren shenghuo 私人生活 (La vie privée) constitue la vie d'une jeune femme, Ni Ni-uniu, qui vivait dans une métropole chinoise dans une époque de grands changements. Chen Ran a dévoilé la propre expérience de sa vie intime pour concrétiser son image de soi et d’autrui, son style de narration de la vie avec sa volonté et sa logique, pour établir les paroles féminines.   Chen Ran est une écrivaine singulière et importante dans la littérature contemporaine, elle nous a fourni une ressource spiri-tuelle riche pour le développement de la littérature féminine du XXe siècle par ses nombreuses écritures d’exploration des expéri-ences psychologiques spécifiques, féminines, qui représentent le modernisme.   Pendant ces dernières années, son œuvre s’est orientée de plus en plus vers le psychologique et le philosophique en ex-plorant la solitude, l'amour sexuel et la vie humaine. Chen Ran exprime la solitude et la tristesse des personnages par son écriture parfaite qui rend toute la beauté de la tristesse profonde. La trist-esse qu’elle a exprimée n’est pas de simples expériences ou émo-tions personnelles, mais de la recherche et de l’interrogation pro-fonde vers l’identité du « je » et de l’« autre ».

  8. 朱子论《程传》之失%Zhu Xi’s Comments on the Faults of Cheng Yi’s Commentary of the Book of Zhouyi



    朱子在理学上推尊程颐,但在《周易》经学的理解上却独辟蹊径,对伊川颇有微词。朱子视“易本卜筮之书”之说为《易》之“本义”,并提出只以“易本卜筮之书”为前提,才能恰当地理解《周易》,由此彰显了卜筮和象数在《周易》经学中的重要意义。而若不以“易本卜筮之书”为出发点,即或说理完备如伊川,也必将偏离和失去易之本义。从强调本义的《周易》经学观出发,朱子探讨了程颐易学之得失。%Despite his succeeding Cheng Yi’ s Neo-Confucianism Zhu Xi interprets the learning of the I Ching in a special way and raises an objec-tion to Cheng accordingly.Zhu argues that the I Ching is originally a divina-tion book and only in this way can we understand the book itself appropriate-ly thus highlighting the importance of bushi卜筮and xiangshu象数in the Classical Studies of Zhou Yi.Conversely without the starting point the I Ching is originally a divination book even as complete as Cheng in reason-ing one will unavoidably deviate from and miss the original meaning ofthe I Ching.From the view of emphasizing the original meaning in the Classical Studies of Zhou Yi Zhu commented on the merits and faults of Cheng Yi’s studies of the I Ching.

  9. Separable quantum states do not have stronger correlations than local realism A comment on quant-ph/0611126 of Z. Chen

    Seevinck, M


    Chen (quant-ph/0611126) has recently claimed ``exponential violation of local realism by separable states", in the sense that multi-partite separable quantum states are supposed to give rise to correlations and fluctuations that violate a Bell-type inequality that Chen takes to be satisfied by local realism. However, this can not be true since all predictions (including all correlations and fluctuations) that separable quantum states give rise to have a local realistic description and thus satisfy all Bell-type inequalities, and this holds for all number of parties. Since Chen claims otherwise by presenting a new inequality, claimed to be a Bell-type one, which separable states supposedly can violate, there must be a flaw in the argumentation. I will expose this flaw, not merely for clarification of this issue, but perhaps even more importantly since it re-teaches us an old lesson John Bell taught us over 40 years ago. I will argue that this lesson provides us with a new morale especially relevant to modern r...

  10. 陈寅恪的中古文化情结%Chen Yinke's Cultural Complex of Medieval Times



    陈寅恪拳拳服膺中华文化传统,毅然以发扬中国文化为职志,接续学脉而不懈奉献,藉以中古文史研究,振兴传统文化,唤起国人对民族文化传统的关注,彰显了文化救国的巨大能量。陈寅恪贴近文化生态,就宗教和语言切入,由点及面,挖掘中古文化的现代质素。他的中古文化书写开一代学术风气,拓宽了民国文人重新体认历史、感悟传统的文化途径。他坚持独立精神和自由思想,不受世务干扰,为民国文化重建提供一个重要向度,推动了民国学术的现代转型。%Chen Yinke was committed to Chinese cultural tradition, and decided to spread and promote Chinese culture as his responsibility resolutely. He studied medieval literature and history, in order to promote the traditional culture, aroused people's attention to national culture, which demonstrated his persistent commitment and enormous energy of saving the nation. He kept close to the ecological culture, excavated the medieval culture of modern quality from different perspectives. His writing on ancient culture started new academic atmosphere, which expanded the literati's knowledge and experience of Chinese history and tradition. He was committed to the spirit of independence and freedom of thoughts, which provided an important direction for the cultural reconstruction and promoted modern academic transformation.

  11. On CHEN Ziang’s Frontier Fortress Poems%论陈子昂的边塞诗



    CHEN Ziang’s frontier fortress poems,in terms of the thought content,express the lofty aspirations and great ideals of going to the frontier and resisting the enemy,rendering meritorious service and dedicating himself to the service of his country.What’s more,the poems express the grief and indignation of his lofty aspirations unrealized,tell the political stand of strengthening frontier defence and opposing war like,describe the magnificent and wild frontier fortress scene. In art, these poems have solemn and stirring sentimentalism and spectacularity.The thread of ideas in writing sweeps through the length and breadth of the poem and the use of language are strong, simple and unadorned. They play an important place in the frontier fortress poems of the Tang Dynasty.%陈子昂的边塞诗,在思想内容上,表达赴边御敌、立功报国的雄心壮志,抒发怀才不遇、壮志难酬的悲苦忧愤,诉说加强边防、反对黩武的政治主张,描写雄伟壮观、荒凉苦寒的边塞风光;在艺术创作上,情调慷慨悲壮,气象苍凉雄浑,诗思纵横驰骋,语言刚健质朴,在唐朝边塞诗中占有重要地位。

  12. Yin-Chen-Hao Tang Attenuates Severe Acute Pancreatitis in Rat: An Experimental Verification of In silico Network Target Prediction

    Xiang, Hong; Wang, Guijun; Qu, Jialin; Xia, Shilin; Tao, Xufeng; Qi, Bing; Zhang, Qingkai; Shang, Dong


    Yin-Chen-Hao Tang (YCHT) is a classical Chinese medicine compound that has a long history of clinical use in China for the treatment of inflammatory diseases. However, the efficacy and mechanisms of YCHT for the treatment of severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) are not known. The current study investigated the pharmacological properties of YCHT against SAP and its underlying mechanisms. A computational prediction of potential targets of YCHT was initially established based on a network pharmacology simulation. The model suggested that YCHT attenuated SAP progress by apoptosis inducement, anti-inflammation, anti-oxidation and blood lipid regulation. These effects were validated in SAP rats. YCHT administration produced the following results: (1) significantly inhibited the secretion of pancreatic enzymes and protected pancreatic tissue; (2) obviously increased the number of in situ terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL)-positive cells and induced apoptosis; (3) markedly inhibited neutrophil infiltration to the impaired pancreas and reduced the inflammatory reaction; (4) notably enhanced the activities of antioxidant enzymes and decreased the nitric oxide synthase levels; (5) significantly reduced the levels of triglycerides, total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein and increased high-density lipoprotein; and (6) significantly up-regulated peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPARγ) and down-regulated nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB). In summary, these results demonstrated that YCHT attenuated SAP progress by inducing apoptosis, repressing inflammation, alleviating oxidative stress and regulating lipid metabolism partially via regulation of the NF-κB/PPARγ signal pathway. PMID:27790147

  13. Study on Strategy for Constructing Chang-Zhu-Tan Urban Green Logistics System%构建长株潭城市绿色物流体系策略研究

    王阳军; 周建; 芦娟


    分析了绿色物流的内涵,在充分探究长株谭区域物流业需求特征的基础上,结合长株潭地区绿色物流产业需求特征,提出了建设长株潭城市绿色物流体系的策略和建议.%The paper analyzes the intension of green logistics and, in connection with the demand characteristics of the green logistics industry of the Chang-Zhu-Tan region, proposes the strategy and suggestions for construction the green logistics system of the region.

  14. 朱德与建国初期党的纪律检查工作建设%ZHU De's Role in the Construction of the Party's Discipline Inspection Work During the Early Stage of PRC

    王彦民; 高天鼎


    After the founding of the People's Republic of China,ZHU De,as the first secretary of the central discipline inspection committee,established and improved the institutions of discipline inspection at all levels.He also defined the concrete tasks of discipline inspection work,and established its principles: treating equally without discrimination,investigating and punishing every rule-breaker,being serious and prudent,incorporating our party's education and disciplines and adhering to our party's unified and centralized leadership.ZHU De proposed a series of working methods as well: under the leadership of our party,to construct its institution and educate the masses to prevent rule-breaking cases.Zhu De suggested all discipline inspection workers take the lead and observe disciplines.ZHU De's contributions mentioned above are valuable experience for strengthening our party's discipline and rectifying party conduct.%中华人民共和国成立后,朱德出任中纪委首任书记,建立健全了党的各级纪检机构。朱德在实际工作中明确了纪律检查工作的具体任务,树立了纪检工作的各项原则:坚持一视同仁的原则,坚持对违纪者必纠的原则,坚持严肃与审慎相结合的原则,坚持党的教育同执行纪律相结合的原则,坚持党的集中统一领导的原则。朱德提出了一系列纪检工作的方法:充分发挥党委领导作用,与其他有关部门配合,坚持走群众路线,制度建设和教育预防并重。朱德要求纪检工作者应以身作则,纪检部门应加强自身的思想建设和组织建设。朱德在建国初期建立健全党的各级纪检机关以及确立一系列纪检工作的任务、原则、方法,为加强党纪、端正党风积累了宝贵的经验。

  15. Festparolado de Chen Yuan


    Estas granda fojo por mi gratuli la oran jubileon de "E1 Popola Cinio". Permesu al mi paroli unue Esperante kaj poste nacilingve por esprimi miajn korajn bondezirojn al la gastoj, venintaj de malproksime por festi kune kun ni la jubileon. Cetere, mi faras tion por montri al la publiko, ke la artefarita lingvo Esperanto estas la plej efika komunikilo, gi povas esprimi cian penson kaj cian senton de la homa socio.

  16. Effects of Chaihu-Shugan-San and Shen-Ling-Bai-Zhu-San on p38 MAPK Pathway in Kupffer Cells of Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis

    Qin-He Yang


    Full Text Available This study aimed to investigate the effects of Chaihu-Shugan-San (CSS, Shen-Ling-Bai-Zhu-San (SLBZS, and integrated recipe of the above two recipes on inflammatory markers and proteins involved in p38 MAPK pathway in Kupffer cells of NASH rats induced by high fat diet (HFD. Rats were administered at low or high dose of CSS, SLBZS, and integrated recipe except normal group and model group for 16 weeks. The levels of hepatic lipid, TNF-α, IL-1, and IL-6 in liver tissues were measured. Kupffer cells were isolated from livers to evaluate expressions of TLR4, p-p38 MAPK, and p38 MAPK by Western blotting. The results showed that the NASH model rats successfully reproduced typical pathogenetic and histopathological features. Levels of hepatic lipid and liver tissues inflammatory factors in high-dose SLBZS group and integrated recipe group were all lower than that of model group decreased observably. Expressions of TLR4, p-p38 MAPK, and p38 MAPK in Kupffer cells were decreased in all treatment groups, but there was no significant difference between treatment groups. The high-dose SLBZS group had the lowest expression levels of TLR4, and the most visible downtrend in the expression levels of p-p38 MAPK and p38 MAPK was found in the high-dose integrated recipe group. The ratio of p-p38 MAPK to total p38 MAPK protein was obviously increased in all treatment groups. Therefore, our study showed that the activation of p38 MAPK pathway in Kupffer cells might be related to the release of inflammatory factors such as TNF-α, IL-1, and IL-6 in NASH rats. High dose of SLBZS and integrated recipe might work as a significant anti-inflammatory effect in Kupffer cells of NASH rats induced by HFD through suppression of p38 MAPK pathway. It indicated that p38 MAPK pathway may be the possible effective target for the recipes.

  17. A Detailed Analysis of Zhu Xi’s Core Values%朱熹的核心价值观探微



    Zhu Xi is the most influential thinker after Confucius in the history of Confucianism for he has synthesized the system.He advocated such moral cultivation methods as Ju Jing Qiong Li (being deferential and the investigation of things for the purpose of extension of knowledge),and emphasized the importance of cultivation and balance of one’s personalities and temperaments so that one can prac-tice what the saints and sages have said and done and hence one can experience the ultimate value of life.Besides,he suggestd such ecological ethics that all the creatures in Nature should be viewed with the same moral standard and emotional concern as that of the human society and treated with benevo-lence,and the goal was to pursue the harmony of human kind and the universe.He also stressed that Wang Dao (a benevolent government)should be based on the popular aspirations.Throughout his life, he cared very much about people and their livelihood as if they were his own family,and emphasized the importance of increasing the national wealth so that people had enough means and can be taken good care of and hence have no regrets during such times as their birth,old age and illness,as well as funeral etc.,and the aim was to educate people,better the social customs and purify the social atmosphere.%朱熹集儒家文化之大成,建构了宏大而又精密的价值体系。他主张居敬穷理的道德修养方法,强调个体人格的提升以践履圣贤功业,体验生命的终极价值;主张以人类社会道德原则和情感关怀审视自然界的一切生命体,提倡仁爱万物的生态伦理观,追求天人合一的和谐境界;主张王道以得民心为本,一生关怀民生,视百姓为己出,强调为民制产,使其养生丧死无憾,教化民众,淳化社会风俗,净化社会风气。

  18. 6 June 2012 - Chinese Nanjing University President J.Chen in the ATLAS visitor centre with Member of the ATLAS Collaboration I. Wingerter and International Relations Office Adviser E. Tsesmelis. M. Qi, Nanjing University and ATLAS Collaboration, accompanies the delegation.

    Maximilien Brice


    6 June 2012 - Chinese Nanjing University President J.Chen in the ATLAS visitor centre with Member of the ATLAS Collaboration I. Wingerter and International Relations Office Adviser E. Tsesmelis. M. Qi, Nanjing University and ATLAS Collaboration, accompanies the delegation.

  19. Chinese Commission of Science Technology and Industry for National Defense Senior Vice Minister CHEN Qiufa exchanging gifts at luncheon and signing the Guest Book on 1st November 2007 with CERN Director-General R. Aymar.

    Maximilien Brice


    Chinese Commission of Science Technology and Industry for National Defense Senior Vice Minister CHEN Qiufa exchanging gifts at luncheon and signing the Guest Book on 1st November 2007 with CERN Director-General R. Aymar.

  20. 21 October 2008 - LHC Inauguration - IHEP Beijing representative Prof. Chen, People's Republic of China, welcomed by CERN Director-General R. Aymar, CERN Chief Scientific Officer J. Engelen and CERN Financial Officer S. Lettow.

    CERN Photo Service


    21 October 2008 - LHC Inauguration - IHEP Beijing representative Prof. Chen, People's Republic of China, welcomed by CERN Director-General R. Aymar, CERN Chief Scientific Officer J. Engelen and CERN Financial Officer S. Lettow.

  1. 朱元璋性格特征与 建立极端专制制度的关系%On the Relationship between Zhu Yuanzhangs Acute Character Traits and His Establishment at Extreme Autocratic Feudal System



    After the establishment of Ming Dynasty, Z hu Yuanzhang, the emperor, strengthened his centralization of authority and secr et services, which contributed much to the extremity of feudal dictatorial syste m. This, on the one hand, had something to do with historical factors, on the o ther hand it was interrelated in innumerable ways to Zhu Yuanzhangs acute char acter traits. It can be safely said that Zhu Yuanzhangs character traits promoted hi s establishment of extreme autocratic dominion of feudal system.%明王朝建立之后,朱元璋大力加强中央集权,使中国封建社会的极端专制制度登峰造极。这固然有历史发展的原因,但也与朱元璋自身的性格特点存在千丝万缕的联系。朱元璋的性格特征在其建立极端封建专制制度的过程中起了推波助澜的作用。

  2. Qualitative screening of absorbed indoloquinazoline alkaloids and their metabolites in rat plasma after the oral administration of Wu-Zhu-Yu decoction by high-resolution mass spectrometry with multiple data mining algorithms.

    Xu, Huarong; Geng, Yajing; Liu, Ran; Yuan, Ziyue; Liu, Xujia; Li, Qing; Bi, Kaishun


    A rapid and sensitive liquid chromatography with high-resolution mass spectrometry method with multiple data processing algorithms was developed and applied for the metabolite profiling of evodiamine and its analogous alkaloids in rat plasma after the administration of Wu-Zhu-Yu decoction. All samples were purified using hydrophilic-lipophilic balanced solid-phase extraction cartridges and analyzed by a Sciex TripleTOF 5600(+) mass spectrometer with a 35 min liquid chromatography gradient elution. High-resolution full-scan mass spectrometry and information-dependent acquisition tandem mass spectrometry data were analyzed using multiple data processing approaches. The results indicated that the detected eight prototype alkaloids could be metabolized to 58 metabolites through both phase I and phase II reactions. Oxidation was demonstrated to be the principle metabolic pathway of the parent compounds. The study contributes to the understanding of the absorption and metabolism of the alkaloids in Wu-Zhu-Yu decoction and provides a detailed analysis of scientific data. © 2016 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  3. 快速控制技术在朱家河煤矿自燃火灾中的应用研究%Application study on fast control of spontaneous fire in Zhu Jia He coal mine

    费金彪; 何毅


    矿井煤体一旦发生自燃,其中就集聚了大量能量,同时释放CO等有毒有害气体,在发现煤自燃火灾后快速控制及熄灭煤火是煤自燃防治工作中的一项重要任务。本文针对朱家河煤矿12510工作面停采线附近煤自燃情况进行分析,采取基于胶体防灭火为主的快速控制技术,介绍了胶体的性能及火区治理工艺,论述了快速控制技术在朱家河煤矿的成功应用。%Once the occurrence of spontaneous combustion in coal body, which gathered a great deal of energy. At the same time, the re- lease of CO and other toxic and harmful gas. Once find the fire, rapidly control and extinguish fires of coal spontaneous combustion is an im- portant task. In this article, according to Zhu Jia He coal mine12510 working face coal spontaneous combustion near the spot line, analyzed the situation. Taked the fast control technology based on colloid for fire extinguishing technology, introduced the colloid performance and fire management process, discusses the fast control technology applying for Zhu Jia He coal mine successfully.

  4. Chen Jingshen: My "Clipper Memories"%陈敬莘:我的“克利伯记忆”



    2005年,以青岛城市命名的“青岛号”大帆船首次加入克利伯环球帆船赛,开创了青岛借帆船运动走向世界的先河。青岛至今4度成为克利伯环球帆船赛分赛站,并与克利伯英方组委会续签2013/14、2015/16赛季青岛站,成为全球惟一克利伯环球帆船赛6届的停靠港。眼下,2013-2014克利伯环球帆船赛“青岛号”中国籍船员选拔活动经过激烈角逐,终于从中选出9名中国籍船员,他们将代表青岛登上克利伯“青岛号”参加2013-2014赛季的比赛。%In 2006, the 2005-2006 Clipper Round the World Yacht Race landed in China for the first time. Qingdao was the only port of call for the Clipper Race in China. In 2007, the "Qingdao", which was named after the city of Qingdao, pafticipatecl for the first ~me in the Clipper Round the World Yacht Race. Thus far, Qingdao has been chosen four times as a racing leg of the Clipper Round the World Yacht Race and has signed agreement with the Clipper British Organizing Committee for the 2013/14 and 2015/16 season. So Qingdao will become the only city in the world to provide harboring for the Clipper Race six times. Currently, the selection of the Chinese crew for the "Qingdao" yacht is in full swing. At this exciting moment, Chen ,Jingshen, who has served as Chairman of Qingdao Sports Associations and Assistant Chairman of the Olympic Sailing Committee, feels every excited. He recalled two days in Liverpool six year ago, which is the time that he will never forget all his life.

  5. VizieR Online Data Catalog: LAMOST survey of star clusters in M31. II. (Chen+, 2016)

    Chen, B.; Liu, X.; Xiang, M.; Yuan, H.; Huang, Y.; Shi, J.; Fan, Z.; Huo, Z.; Wang, C.; Ren, J.; Tian, Z.; Zhang, H.; Liu, G.; Cao, Z.; Zhang, Y.; Hou, Y.; Wang, Y.


    We select a sample of 306 massive star clusters observed with the Large Sky Area Multi-Object Fibre Spectroscopic Telescope (LAMOST) in the vicinity fields of M31 and M33. Massive clusters in our sample are all selected from the catalog presented in Paper I (Chen et al. 2015, Cat. J/other/RAA/15.1392), including five newly discovered clusters selected with the SDSS photometry, three newly confirmed, and 298 previously known clusters from Revised Bologna Catalogue (RBC; Galleti et al. 2012, Cat. V/143; Since then another two objects, B341 and B207, have also been observed with LAMOST, and they are included in the current analysis. The current sample does not include those listed in Paper I but is selected from Johnson et al. 2012 (Cat. J/ApJ/752/95) since most of them are young but not so massive. All objects are observed with LAMOST between 2011 September and 2014 June. Table1 lists the name, position, and radial velocity of all sample clusters analyzed in the current work. The LAMOST spectra cover the wavelength range 3700-9000Å at a resolving power of R~1800. Details about the observations and data reduction can be found in Paper I. The median signal-to-noise ratio (S/N) per pixel at 4750 and 7450Å of spectra of all clusters in the current sample are, respectively, 14 and 37. Essentially all spectra have S/N(4750Å)>5 except for the spectra of 18 clusters. The latter have S/N(7540Å)>10. Peacock et al. 2010 (Cat. J/MNRAS/402/803) retrieved images of M31 star clusters and candidates from the SDSS archive and extracted ugriz aperture photometric magnitudes from those objects using the SExtractor. They present a catalog containing homogeneous ugriz photometry of 572 star clusters and 373 candidates. Among them, 299 clusters are in our sample. (2 data files).

  6. 朱丹溪脾胃观源流与特征初探%A Preliminary Study on the Origins and Characteristics of Zhu Danxi's Concept of Spleen-Stomach



    Objective] The article analyzed the origins of Zhu Danxi's concept of the spleen-stomach and the characteristics of the prescription, and explored the content of the academic research of Zhu Danxi. [Methods] Through literature method, the control analysis of the formation of succession context of Zhu Danxi's concept of the spleen-stomach, from three aspects, it analyzes the main characteristics of the view of the spleen and stomach on the physiology and pathology of spleen-stomach, spleen and stomach disease treatment, and treatment through the spleen-stomach.[Results] Zhu Danxi's concept of the spleen-stomach had the close relation with apprentice teacher and famous experts. The basic viewpoints origin from Liu Wansu, draws expelling spleen and stomach drug laws of Li Dongyuan, critically to retain the Zhang Congzheng's spleen-stomach academics, fully inherit the clinical experience of Luo Zhiti, and then form the concept of the spleen-stomach on physiological and the characteristics including the emphasis on physiological and pathological of the spleen-stomach and the prescription by protecting spleen-stomach. The treatment methods through the spleen-stomach to treat the exogenous and miscellaneous disease, including the tonifying spleen and regulating qi to dispel six stagnation, tonifying spleen and strengthening qi to remove exogenous, tonifying spleen and nourishing blood to resolute carbuncle and abscess, tonifying spleen and sweat to eliminate malaria cough, applicable law of clearing stomach and intestinal. [Conclusion] The formation and characteristics of Zhu Danxi's concept of the spleen-stomach is of great practical significance for guiding the clinical application and the cultivation of traditional Chinese medicine.%[目的]探讨朱丹溪脾胃观形成源流及其理法方药规律与特点,拓展丹溪学术研究内容。[方法]以文献学的方法,对照分析朱丹溪脾胃观形成的师承脉络,从脾胃的生理

  7. 秦汉社会方技--医药学探析--兼论司马迁为扁鹊仓公立传的历史意义%The Study of Medicine and Pharmacology in Qin and Han Dynasties--- Discussing H istorical Signi ficance of Sima Qian Writing Biography for Bian Que and Canggong



      医药学是我国古代科技的重要门类之一,在刘歆的《七略》中,医药学被称之为“方技略”,医生被称之为“方者”。司马迁在《史记》中撰《扁鹊仓公列传》,开创了正史为方技立传的先河,后世因袭,遂成故事。从长沙马王堆出土的《五十二病方》来看,从春秋战国至秦汉社会,医方包括部分禁方有了很大的普及。东汉初年编成的《神农本草经》集中反映了先秦秦汉时期药物学的成就。方技中不仅方者,甚至鼓吹神仙术的方士,都对药物学作出了一定的贡献。%  Medicine is one of the important categories of ancient science and technology in China .In the Seven Brie fwriten by Liu Xin ,medicine was called Fangji Brief ,the doctor was referred to as Fangzhe . Sima Qian had written Records of the Grand Historian :Collected Biographies of Bian Que and Cang Gong ,which had been pioneered the official history to write biography of Fangji .Through 52 Kinds of Disorders unearthed in Mawangdui Han Tomb in Changsha ,medical prescriptions including some taboo prescriptions extensively had been popularizing from the Spring and Autumn periods and Warring States periods to the Qin and Han dynasties .The Shen Nong’s Herbal Classic compiled in the early Eastern Han dynasty concentrated to reflect achievements of the Qin and Han’s medicine .Both the Fangzhe and alche-mists also made a certain contribution for medicine .

  8. Zhu Rongji's Educational Thoughts:The text interpretation of the Speech Record of Zhu Rongji%朱镕基教育思想述要——基于《朱镕基讲话实录》的文本解读



    《朱镕基讲话实录》是我们了解朱镕基教育思想的重要途径。朱镕基教育思想主要包括教育的功能观、人才观和教师观等方面。他认为,教育是科技的基础;为学先为人,为学要严,为人要正;办学最核心的问题是师资。此外,他还提出了基础教育的关键问题在经费投入、吸引留学人才归国关键靠政策、经济人才培养要注重英语教学等教育思想。%Interpreting Zhu Rongji's "Speech Record" is an important way to our understanding of his educational ideas.His education ideas include the concept of the function of education,view on talent and teacher and so on.He believes that education is the decisive factor in the economic development;that it is important to learn to be a man before learning academic things;and that Teacher is essential to school education.Besides,he asserts that the key to a successful elementary education is funding;that to attract overseas talents needs appropriate policy;and that economic personnel training should take English language teaching as an integral part.

  9. 朱生豪之译者生态研究%A Study of Zhu Shenghao from the Perspective of Translator Ecology

    路艳玲; 谢世坚


    Zhu Shenghao is one of the most important translators of Shakespeare’s plays and his translation is a milestone in translation history and the history of Shakespeare studies in China. From the perspective of translator ecology,we analyze his thoughts on translation,and investigate his translation activities from four dimensions,that is,the making of the translator, the identity of the translator,the translation of the translator and the acceptance and influence of the translator. We also explore Zhu’s childhood and his education,his broad interests and in particular his interest in Shakespeare’s plays,and his rigorous attitude towards translation. We probe into the significance of his translating Shakespeare’s works under the particular social environment (Anti-Japanese War) when the dignity of the Chinese national culture was endangered. And we find out that translation is not only the translator’s personal and individual activity,but the result of combined effect of the translator himself, social and family environment,cultural atmosphere and acceptance of target reader and audience.%朱生豪是莎士比亚戏剧最重要的译者之一,朱生豪译本在中国莎学史、中国翻译史上是一个里程碑式的伟大工程。本文以译者生态理论(对译者之所以成为译者、之所以被称为翻译家的动态研究和静态描述相结合的理论)为视角,深入追溯朱生豪的生平,从译者生成论、译者角色论、译者翻译论和译者接受论四方面探讨朱生豪的翻译活动,既研究了其自幼天资聪颖、受过良好教育和兴趣爱好广泛、热爱莎剧、翻译态度严谨认真等个性特点,也探讨了其在事关中华民族文化尊严的特定社会环境(抗日战争时期)下翻译莎剧行为的深刻社会背景。朱生豪的翻译生涯表明,翻译不仅仅是翻译家的个人事业,也不仅仅是译者个人的孤立行动,而是由译者自身、社会及家庭

  10. A New Probe into Chen Duxiu' s Theory of "Second Revolution"%陈独秀的“二次革命论”再评价



    The theory of "second revolution" was put forward by Chen Duxiu with regard to the developmental stages of Chinese revolution and produced a positive effect at the beginning. However, Chen Duxiu lacked a dialectical understanding of Marxism and committed the error of mechanical materialism in the application of Marxist tenets for solving the practical problems in China, in which was rooted his theory of "second revolution. " It was correct for Chen Duxiu to advocate utilizing the positive aspect of capitalism for creating necessary material conditions for socialism but he was wrong to think that it was impossible for China to skip the developmental stage of capitalism.%“二次革命论”是陈独秀关于中国革命发展阶段的理论,这一理论在形成初期曾产生过积极作用。但是,陈独秀没有辩证地理解马克思主义,在运用马克思主义原理解决中国实际问题时犯了机械唯物论的错误,这是“二次革命论”产生的真正根源。陈独秀主张利用资本主义的积极作用,为社会主义创造必要的物质条件,这是值得肯定的,但他认为中国不能超越资本主义发展阶段则是错误的。

  11. The Thought of CHEN Xingju and Its Practice in Education and Enlightenment%陈星聚的教化思想及实践



    教化是我国传统官吏治理地方的基本措施。陈星聚曾长期担任地方官吏,注意对地方的教化是他治理各地的重要特点,长期亲身实践并形成了丰富的教化思想。陈星聚的教化思想及实践主要体现在发展教育、倡导德治、举办慈善、亲民为民和处理教案等方面。陈星聚的教化思想及实践构成了其治理地方的重要内容,也是影响其历史地位的重要因素。它有利于儒家文化在台湾的普及和深入,从而加强了台湾与大陆联系的紧密性,在当时的时代条件下,具有重要的历史意义。%Civilizing the local people was an important characteristic of CHEN Xingju when he was governing various regions .CHEN Xingju’ s thought and its practice are mainly embodies in developing education , advocating virtue , holding charity activities , loving people, working for people, processing civilizing cases and other aspect .CHEN Xingju’ s thought and its practice contribute the key content of his governance of various regions , and they are significant factors affecting his place in history .It is beneficial to the popular-ization and development of Confucian culture in Taiwan , thereby strengthening the ties between Taiwan and the mainland .Under the condition of that time , it has a great historical significance .

  12. Study on Chen Ruoxi’s Cultural Revolution Subject Novels%陈若曦文革题材小说研究



    陈若曦的文革题材小说取得了独特的成就。首先,表现在对文革生存经验的日常化呈现上,这样的叙述策略使得陈若曦的文革小说创作有效地摆脱了各式意识形态的形塑,取得了一种经验性叙述的特质;其次,表现在老人题材与传统道德主题的设定上。陈若曦文革小说中的老人形象所表现出的隐忍、宽容等传统道德规范成为在一个暴力充斥的年代里中华民族维系的最后希望所在;最后,表现在一种高度理性化的叙述模式上。陈若曦在其文革小说中坚持一种“知识分子反省”的写作立场,建构了一种高度理性化的叙述模式。%Chen Ruoxi’s Cultural Revolution subject novels made a unique achievement. First of all, it lies in daily presentation about the survival experience of the Cultural Revolution. This narrative strategy makes Chen Ruoxi’s Cultural Revolution novels effectively get rid of all kinds of ideology, and obtains the trait of experiential narration. Secondly, it lies in the setting of the old man subject and the traditional moral theme. The traditional moral norms such as tolerance and forbear the old man image of Chen Ruoxi’s Cultural Revolution subject novels showing become the last hope of the Chinese nation sustaining in a period of violence. Finally, it lies in a highly rational narrative mode. Chen Ruoxi insisted on a kind of “intellectual reflection”writing position in his cultural revolution novels, constructs a highly rational narrative model.

  13. Domestic Business Recruitment, Efficient in Selection and Services——Interview with Miss Chen Wei, Head of Domestic Business Recruitment Group


    @@ The management and services of participating companies is very important in the whole process of Partenariat, including in the phase of business recruitment. Within the 2-day Partenariat, around 5000 rounds of face to face exclusive business talks will be arranged between over 500 host companies and over 400 visiting companies, each round is only of 25 minutes. How can we help companies improve efficiency? The following is an interview between China's Foreign Trade and Miss Chen Wei, Head of Domestic Business Recruitment Group of the Partenariat Executive Commission.

  14. WAIS-IV and WISC-IV Structural Validity: Alternate Methods, Alternate Results. Commentary on Weiss et al. (2013a) and Weiss et al. (2013b)

    Canivez, Gary L.; Kush, Joseph C.


    Weiss, Keith, Zhu, and Chen (2013a) and Weiss, Keith, Zhu, and Chen (2013b), this issue, report examinations of the factor structure of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Fourth Edition (WAIS-IV) and Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Fourth Edition (WISC-IV), respectively; comparing Wechsler Hierarchical Model (W-HM) and…

  15. WAIS-IV and WISC-IV Structural Validity: Alternate Methods, Alternate Results. Commentary on Weiss et al. (2013a) and Weiss et al. (2013b)

    Canivez, Gary L.; Kush, Joseph C.


    Weiss, Keith, Zhu, and Chen (2013a) and Weiss, Keith, Zhu, and Chen (2013b), this issue, report examinations of the factor structure of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Fourth Edition (WAIS-IV) and Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Fourth Edition (WISC-IV), respectively; comparing Wechsler Hierarchical Model (W-HM) and…

  16. Mr. Zhu Xiankang’s Experience in Treating Children Multiple Tourette Syndrome%朱先康治疗小儿多发性抽动症的经验撷萃

    赵艳; 朱先康


    [目的]总结朱先康老师运用滋肾平肝、熄风涤痰法治疗小儿多发性抽动症的临床经验。[方法]通过简述小儿多发性抽动症的病因病机、治则方药,分析临床典型病例,阐述朱师运用滋肾平肝,熄风涤痰法治疗小儿多发性抽动症的临床经验。[结果]朱师认为小儿多动症病因为五志过极、风痰内蕴,病机为肾虚肝旺,风痰阻络,以滋肾平肝,熄风涤痰为基本治法,运用定抽方加减治疗1例小儿多发性抽动症患者,3个月后不自主抽动症状逐渐消失,胃纳可,睡眠安,诸症消失,多发性抽动症治愈。[结论]朱师治疗小儿多发性抽动症的临床经验,对儿科临床具有启示意义。%[Objective]To sum up Mr. Zhu Xiankang’s clinical experience in treating children multiple tourette syndrome with nourishing kidney to soothe liver and relieving dizziness to remove sputum. [Method] By expounding the reason and mechanism, treating rules and formula of children multiple tourette syndrome, as wel as analyzing typical clinical cases, it expounds Pro. Zhu Xiankang ’s experience in treating the said disease with his method. [Re-sult] In his view, the disease owes to excessive five sensations, wind sputum accumulated inside, with mechanism of deficient kidney and hyperactivity of liver, wind sputum blocking col aterals, should take nourishing kidney to soothe liver and relieving dizziness to remove sputum as basic method;he applied revised Dingchou Decoction to treat 1 case of multiple tourette syndrome; after 3m, the un-automomous spasm disappeared gradual y, the patient had good appetite and sleep, al symptoms were relieved, and he was cured. [Conclusion] Mr. Zhu Xiankang ’s clinical experience in treating children multiple tourette syndrome has enlightenment to pediatrics clinic.



    Rocking the 'Cross-Strait' Boat Just as people thought that crossstrait tensions couldn't get any more testy amid Taiwan leader Chen Shui-bian's efforts to hinder the development of cross-strait ties between the mainland and the island, they did when Chen stumbled upon a new secession drive. Chen announced February 27 his decision to terminate the "National Unification Council" and scrap the

  18. 对“明君圣主”形象的建构--从朱元璋《高皇帝御制文集》明刻本的文章取舍看编纂者的用意%Construction of a Wise Emperor:Examining the Editors’Intention through the Selection of Articles in the Ming Version by Zhu Yuanzhang



    by Zhu Yuanzhang is regarded as the earliest imperial collection remaining nowadays. By comparing articles written by Zhu Yuanzhang from this book and , this essay aims to point out that the editors left out two kinds of articles in the collection deliberately: the articles which shows the adversarial relationship between Zhu Yuanzhang and leaders of other insurgent forces, and articles which failed to use literary language. Such working methods should used for constructing Zhu Yuanzhang's image as a wise emperor intentionaly.%朱元璋《高皇帝御制文集》是我国现存年代最早的御制文集。该文通过将其现存的几个明刻本中的篇目和《全明文·第一册》所载的朱元璋文章相比较,指出《御制文集》的编纂者遗漏了两类文章:一类是表现朱元璋与元末其他义军首领敌对关系的,另一类是语言俚俗、写作粗糙的。这种作法很可能出于一个目的———对朱元璋“明君圣主”形象的有意建构。

  19. An Survey of the Hui Chen You's Family During the Ming Dynasty%明朝回回人陈友家族考述



    有明一代,涌现出一大批著名的回回军事家、政治家、外交家等等,他们对明朝的巩固与发展作出了巨大贡献和牺牲。"西域回回"陈友以出使起家,后因军功封为世爵,成为明朝回回人当中的标志性人物。对陈友个人及其家族成员的事迹考述,对研究明代回回人的历史活动以及历史作用有重要的价值。%During the Ming dynasty, there emerged many notable Hui militarists, politicians and diplomats who made a number of contributions at personal sacrifice in order to further the consolidation and development of the country. As a Serindia Hui, Chen You got his start from a career as a diplomat and was offered a marquis title on the basis of his military exploits. During the Ming Dynasty, he became an iconic figure amongst the Hui. Through this historical survey of Chen You and his family, we see the significant value he has with regard towards the histori- cal activity and influence of the Hui during the Ming dynasty.

  20. Analysis of the Constituents in “Zhu She Yong Xue Shuan Tong” by Ultra High Performance Liquid Chromatography with Quadrupole Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry Combined with Preparative High Performance Liquid Chromatography

    Lin-Lin Wang


    Full Text Available “Zhu She Yong Xue Shuan Tong” lyophilized powder (ZSYXST, consists of a series of saponins extracted from Panax notoginseng, which has been widely used in China for the treatment of strokes. In this study, an ultra-high performance liquid chromatography with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UHPLC-Q-TOF/MS combined with preparative high performance liquid chromatography (PHPLC method was developed to rapidly identify both major and minor saponins in ZSYXST. Some high content components were removed through PHPLC in order to increase the sensitivity of the trace saponins. Then, specific characteristic fragment ions in both positive and negative mode were utilized to determine the types of aglycone, saccharide, as well as the saccharide chain linkages. As a result, 94 saponins, including 20 pairs of isomers and ten new compounds, which could represent higher than 98% components in ZSYXST, were identified or tentatively identified in commercial ZSYXST samples.

  1. 析朱虹译《女人的“一样”和“不一样”》%A Case Study of Zhu Hong's Translation of Are Women As Good As Men



    Feminist translation theory has reinterpreted translator's subjectivity.This paper firstly briefly introduces the feminist translation theory and then explores the translator's subjectivity from feminist translation perspective by analyzing Zhu Hong's translation of Are Women As Good As Men.%女性主义翻译理论对译者主体性作出了新的阐释。文章在简要介绍女性主义翻译的基础上,分析女翻译家朱虹的翻译文本《女人的"一样"和"不一样"》,从女性主义翻译观视角来研究译者主体性。

  2. Oil-Source Correlation and Relative Contribution of Source Rock from Enping Formation in Zhu Ⅰ Depression%珠Ⅰ坳陷油源对比及恩平组烃源岩的相对贡献

    国朋飞; 何生; 柴德蓉; 殷世艳


    Study of the contribution from Enping Formation to oil accumulation in Zhuyi depression has an important application value to the enlargement of exploration area and the discovery of new reserves,and the related research is less.In this paper, the correlation of oil and source rock in Zhu Ⅰ depression,Pearl River Mouth Basin is discussed first,and then the relative contribution of source rock in the Eocene to Oligocene Enping Formation (Ee )was investigated by combining end-member oil mixing experiment and biomarkers absolute concentrations.Oil-source correlation results show that the oils in Zhu Ⅰ depres-sion can be divided into three classes.The first class derived from Eocene deep-water lacustrine Wenchang Formation (Ew ) mainly distributes in Huilu low uplift,Panyu 4 sag and Liuhua uplift,etc.The second class derived from the Ee distributes on-ly in the northern of Huizhou sag.The third class (mixed oils)derived from both the Ew and the Ee distributes in the southern of Huizhou sag and Enping sag.End-member oil mixing experiment shows that the plate established by concentration and geo-chemical indexes,such as steranes and terpanes concentration,was suitable to indicate the relative contribution of two types of source rock in Zhu Ⅰ depression.Results show that mudstones in the Ew was the main source rock in Zhu Ⅰ depression,the relative contribution of the Ee is only appear in the Huizhou sag and Enping sag.%恩平组烃源岩成藏贡献研究对于拓展珠Ⅰ坳陷勘探新领域以及发现新的储量具有重要的应用价值,目前相关研究较少。在油源对比的基础上,将生标绝对含量与端元油配比实验相结合,研究了珠Ⅰ坳陷恩平组烃源岩对单井油样的相对贡献。油源对比结果指示,研究区原油可分为3类:第1类源自始新统文昌组中深湖相烃源岩,主要分布在惠陆低凸起、番禺4洼、流花凸起等地区;第2类源自始新统-渐新统恩平组湖沼相烃源

  3. Functional Mechanism of Shao Fu Zhu Yu Wan in Resisting Menalgia No. 4 Hospital of Shijiazhuang, Hebei Province%少腹逐瘀丸抗痛经作用机制研究

    贺克; 刘姣; 李清


    目的:观察少腹逐瘀丸对缩宫素诱发小鼠痛经的镇痛作用及作用机制.方法:取KM小鼠50只,随机分为空白对照组、模型组、丹莪妇康煎膏组、少腹逐瘀丸高剂量组及低剂量组.除空白对照组外,其余各组小鼠灌胃给药同时灌服乙烯雌酚,连续7天.末次给药30 min后,除空白对照组外,其余各组小鼠腹腔注射缩宫素,观察小鼠离体子宫平滑肌收缩变化,小鼠30 min内扭体反应次数,并检测小鼠血浆血栓烷B2(TXB2)、6-酮-前列腺素F1α(6-Keto-PGF1α)及血清超氧化物歧化酶(SOD)、丙二醛(MDA)含量.结果:少腹逐瘀丸能够明显抑制缩宫素诱导小鼠离体子宫平滑肌收缩(P<0.05),使痛经小鼠扭体反应次数有降低趋势,但差异无显著性(P>0.05),并能明显降低小鼠血浆TXB2含量(P<0.05),明显升高血浆6-Keto-PGF1α含量(P<0.05),显著降低血清MDA含量(P<0.01),明显升高血清SOD含量(P<0.05).结论:少腹逐瘀丸对缩宫素诱导小鼠痛经模型具有较好治疗作用,其作用可能与调节TXB2/6-Keto-PGF1α比值、抗氧化有关.%Objective: to observe the analgesic effect and the functional mechanism of Shao Fu Zhu Yu Wan on oxytocin - induced menalgia of mice. Method: 50 KM mice were randomly divided into control group, model group, soft extract group of Dan'e Fukang, high dose and low dose groups of Shao Fu Zhu Yu Wan, all of which, except the first group, were given intragastric administration and diethylstilbestrol for 7 days successively, then in-traperitoneal injection with oxytocin 30 minutes after the last administration, for the purpose to observe the contraction changes of the uterus smooth muscle in vitro, frequency of writhing response in 30 minutes and the following contents: TXB2 , 6 - Keto - PGF1, SOD and MDA. Results: Shao Fu Zhu Yu Wan could inhibit significantly the muscle contraction of the uterus in vitro induced by oxytocin ( P 0. 05 ), significantly decrease TXB2( P <0. 05

  4. Experience of Prof. ZHU Shan for treating non-infectious diarrhea in children%朱珊教授治疗小儿非感染性腹泻经验

    周怡锦; 朱珊


    Non-infectious diarrhea in children is a common pediatric gastrointestinal disease. Based on years of clinical experience, Prof. ZHU Shan found that Pixu and Shisheng is a key factor of pathogenesis, should be treated by Jianpi Huashi. The disease was divided into Shangshi, Shire, and Pixu, it treated in differentiation can achieve good effects.%小儿非感染性腹泻是儿科消化道常见疾病。朱珊教授依据多年临床经验总结发现,脾虚和湿盛是其发病的关键因素,治疗当以健脾化湿为基本治则,临床将其常症分为伤食泻、湿热泻和脾虚泻三大类。并自拟方药对证治疗,临床效果显著。

  5. Investigation on treating infertility by phytoestrogens in FU Qing-zhu Female Department%《傅青主女科》应用植物雌激素治疗不孕症探究

    柯有甫; 高文谦; 曾乐谦; 李春香; 魏克民; 郑军献


    Phytoestrogens are plant compounds that are structurally or functionally similar to estradiol, which have both estrogenic and anti-estrogenic activity;Displaying a two-way regulation ability and extensive preventive and therapeutic effects on hormone-related diseases. The ten prescriptions for infertility in FU Qing-zhu female department are criteria for infertility treatment in gynecology of later generation. There are altogether 38 herbal medicines in the ten prescriptions, of which 19 containing phytoestrogen, and each prescription consisting of phytoestrogen medicines. Regulating estrogenic and anti-estrogenic activity through phytoestrogens is the main mechanism of infertility treatment in FU Qing-zhu female department.%植物雌激素是天然植物化合物,结构或功能与雌二醇相同。有雌激素或抗雌激素双向调节作用,对激素相关性疾病具有广泛防治作用。《傅青主女科》治疗不孕症十方是后世妇科治疗不孕症的准绳,方中共用中药38味,含植物雌激素中药19味,每方必用植物雌激素。通过植物雌激素调节雌激素或抗雌激素活性是《傅青主女科》治疗不孕症主要机理。

  6. 中药复方双术油抗肿瘤机制的研究%Anti-tumor Mechanism of Chinese Herbal Compound Shuang-Zhu

    蒋媛媛; 徐扬; 李媛媛; 李先荣


    Objective: To investigate the anti-tumor mechanism of compound Shuang-zhu (BELY) anti-tumor effect in vitro and in vivo. Method: In experimental evaluation, eight groups were setup; control group, negative control group, six different concentrations of BELY groups (100, 80, 60, 40, 20, 10, 5 μg · mL-1 ). CCK-8 kit was used to detect the proliferative effect of BELY on K562, MDA-MB-231, LoVo and HepG2 cells. Sixty health kunming mice was used to establish transplant tumor models of murine sarcoma SI80 and of H22. Then they were randamly divided into six groups, including control group ( NS) , DMSO ( 1 % ) group, cisplatin group (1 mg · kg-1) , three different concentration ( 100, 200, 400 mg · kg -1) of BELY groups to observe the effect of BELY on tumor-bearing mice. ELISA was employed to detect of cytokines interleukin-2 ( IL-2 ) , interleukin-12 ( IL-6) , interleukin-12 (IL-12) and TNF-alpha to reflect the effect of BELY on immune function of tumor-bearing mice. T cell subsets of CD4+ and CD8+ in peripheral blood of tumor-bearing mice were measured by flow cytometry. Result: BELY showed a certain degree of inhibition on HepG2 and K562, LoVo, MDA231 cells in dose-effect relationship. BELY could significantly inhibit the growth of the murine sarcoma S180 and of H22, and improve the thymus index, spleen index and body weight of the tumor-bearing mice, BELY could significantly increase serum CD4VCD8 +. Compared with the blank control group, P <0. 01 or P <0. 05. Conclusion: BELY can not only directly inhibit tumor cells, but also enhance immune to achieve the anti-tumor action bidirectionally.%目的:探讨复方双术油(BELY)体内外抗肿瘤作用及其机制.方法:设置空白组、阴性对照组、分别采用CCK-8法检测BELY(1 00,80,60,40,20,10,5 mg·L-1)对肿瘤细胞株K562,乳腺癌细胞系MDA-MB-231,人结直肠腺癌细胞LOVO和人肝癌细胞HepG2的抗增殖作用;建立小鼠S180及H22皮下肿瘤模型,设空白组(NS)、溶媒对照组(1

  7. 长株潭地区土地利用/覆被变化的时空特征研究%Study on Spatio-temporal Change of Land Use/Cover in Chang-Zhu-Tan Region



    In order to reveal the land use change and spatial variation characteristics, strengthen land space control and promote the sustainable use of land resources in Chang-Zhu-Tan region during the period of rapid development of urbanization, based on the land use/cover status data in 1986, 1995 and 2005, combined with the technology of GIS, the author studied on spatio-temporal change of land use/cover in Chang-Zhu-Tan region. The results showed that: (1) forest and paddy were advantage in Chang-Zhu-Tan region. During 1986-2005, urban construction land and rural residential land continued to increase, while the paddy continued to decline. (2) Various types of the land use were mutual conversion. Most of paddy, arid-land, forest, shrub and waters transformed into the urban construction lands. The new rural residential land was mainly come from paddy. Urban construction land growth appeared in two ways. One grew by attaching the existing urban construction land, the other grew by leaping. (3) The land use change existed obvious regional differences in Chang-Zhu-Tan region. The relative change rate of the land use type of Changsha City, Zhuzhou City and Xiangtan City was larger; while the relative change rate of the land use type of Liling City, Yarding County and Chaling County was smaller. (4) The average speed of the land use change was not fast in Chang-Zhu-Tan region. The changes of urban construction land, rural residential land, water and grass were positive, which grew with the fastest changing was the urban construction land; the changes of the remaining land use type was negative changes, which reduced with the fastest changing was orchard. It was thought that the main reason for spatio-temporal change of land use/cover was integration development, urbanization level improvement and differences in Chang-Zhu-Tan region.%为了揭示长株潭地区城市化快速发展时期的土地利用的数量变化和空间变化特征,加强土地空 间管制和促进

  8. Paragonimus skrjabini Chen, 1959 (Digenea: Paragonimidae) and related species in eastern Asia: a combined molecular and morphological approach to identification and taxonomy.

    Blair, David; Chang, Zhengshan; Chen, Minggang; Cui, Aili; Wu, Bo; Agatsuma, Takeshi; Iwagami, Moritoshi; Corlis, David; Fu, Chengbin; Zhan, Ximei


    A molecular and morphometric investigation is reported on the species complex of mammalian lungflukes of which Paragonimus skrjabini Chen, 1959 and P. miyazakii Kamo, Nishida, Hatsushika & Tomimura, 1961 are the best-known examples. This species complex (here called the P. skrjabini complex) is shown to be monophyletic using DNA sequences from the nuclear ITS2 region and the mitochondrial cox1 gene. The latter marker permits the discrimination of populations, some previously named as distinct species, from various geographical locations in China and Japan. Morphometric analysis of a number of variables accords remarkably closely with the molecular results. Main findings are that (1) nominal P.skrjabini from Fujian Province in eastern China is phylogenetically very close to P. miyazakii from Japan. It is proposed that both taxa should be referred to the same subspecies as P. krjabini miyazakii. (2) Populations from Guangdong Province, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Sichuan and Hubei should be referred to P. skrjabini skrjabini. Specimens of P. skrjabini from the Yangtze basin in Sichuan and Hubei are remarkably similar to one another according to genetic and morphometric data, but are not so different from Guangdong populations that they should be referred to a different subspecies at this stage. Specimens of P. skrjabini from Yunnan have not been assigned to a subspecies at this stage. (3) Partly following earlier studies, we regard the following as synonyms of P. skrjabini: P. miyazakii (reduced to subspecific status); P. szechuanensis Chung & Tsao, 1962 (probably belongs to P. s. skrjabini); and P. hueitungensis Chung, Hsu, Ho, Kao, Shao, Chiu, Pi, Liu, Ouyang, Shen, Yi & Yao, 1975 (probably belongs to P.s.skrjabini ); P. veocularis (Chen & Li, 1979) (specimens from Fujian regarded as belonging to this species should be referred to P.skrjabini miyazakii: the subspecific status of specimens from the type-locality in northern Sichuan is unclear). A number of

  9. On CHEN Yun’s Thinking on the People’s Livelihood in Contemporary China%当代中国的陈云民生思想



    为民是陈云对民生问题认识的归宿,务实是陈云考虑民生的出发点。他提出无农不稳、无粮则乱,确保粮食安全战略;确保副食品供应和关心食品安全;坚决治理污染,保护生态,保证可持续发展;重视解决就业、力主计划生育;反对盲目提价,主张采取补救措施,以免影响人民生活;解决民生问题要有轻重缓急。以马克思主义的认识论与方法论指导工作,坚持从全局和长远观点看问题是陈云民生思想的特色。%For the people is the end result of CHEN Yun’s understanding of the issues of the Peo-ple’s Livelihood,and to deal with concrete matters related the people’s livelihood is the starting point CHEN Yun considers the People’s Livelihood. He puts forward the strategies:ensure the food security,for there is no stability without agriculture,and there will be chaos without food;ensure food supply and care about food security;resolutely govern pollution and protect the ecology,so as to en-sure sustainable development;pay attention to solving the employment,and advocate family planning;oppose to raising the price blindly and take remedial measures,so as not to affect people’s lives;solve the issues of the people’s livelihood according to order of priority. Guiding the work with Marx-ist epistemology and methodology,adhering to solving the issues from a global and long - term per-spective are the characteristics of CHEN Yun’s thinking on the People’s Livelihood.

  10. Two-dimensional thermoelasticity solution for functionally graded thick beams

    Lü; Chaofeng


    [1]Suresh S,Mortensen A.Fundamentals of Functionally Graded Materials.London:IOM Communications,1998[2]Wetherhold R C,Seelman S,Wang J Z.The use of functionally graded materials to eliminate or control thermal deformation.Compos Sci Technol,1996,56:1099―1104[3]Almajid A,Taya M,Hudnut S.Analysis of out-of-plane displacement and stress field in a piezo-composite plate with functionally graded microstructure.Int J Solids Struct,2001,38:3377―3391[4]Wu X H,Chen C Q,Shen Y P,et al.A high order theory for functionally graded piezoelectric shells.Int J Solids Struct,2002,39:5325―5344[5]Ootao Y,Tanigawa Y.Three-dimensional transient piezothermo-elasticity in functional graded rectangular plate bonded to a piezoelectric plate.Int J Solids Struct,2000,37:4377―4401[6]Chen W Q,Ding H J.On free vibration of a functionally graded piezoelectric rectangular plate.Acta Mech,2002,153:207―216[7]Chen W Q,Bian Z G,Lv C F,et al.3D free vibration analysis of a functionally graded piezoelectric hollow cylinder filled with compressible fluid.Int J Solids Struct,2004,41:947―964[8]Zhong Z,Shang E T.Exact analysis of simply supported functionally graded piezothermoelectric plates.J Intell Mater Syst Struct,2005,16:643―651[9]Sankar B V.An elasticity solution for functionally graded beams.Compos Sci Technol,2001,61:689―696[10]Sankar B V,Tzeng J T.Thermal stresses in functionally graded beams.AIAA J,2002,40:1228―1232[11]Zhu H,Sankar B V.A combined Fourier series-Galerkin method for the analysis of functionally graded beams.J Appl Mech-Trans ASME,2004,71:421―424[12]Chen W Q,Lv C F,Bian Z G.Elasticity solution for free vibration of laminated beams.Compos Struct,2003,62:75―82[13]Nagem R J,Williams J H.Dynamic analysis of large space structures using transfer matrices and joint coupling matrices.Mech Struct Mach,1989,17:349―371[14]Ding H J,Chen W Q,Zhang L C.Elasticity of Transversely Isotropic Materials.Dordrecht:Springer-Verlag,2006[15]Shu C.Differential Quadrature and Its

  11. 陈炽《庸书》的吏治思想%Review of Thought of Government Officials’Supervision of Yongshu Written by Chen Chi



    In Yongshu,Chen Chi disclosed the corruption of government officials’and the evils of official circles in the late Qing Dynasty,requested to reform the system to choose officials and the merit system,raised suggestions to improve officials’salary treatment and to penalize the corruption of the official circles.He appealed to simplify the government organizations,to reduce redundant officials,to establish parliament,to elect local officials and increase administration efficiency.%陈炽在《庸书》中揭露了晚清吏治腐败与官场弊病,要求改革官员选任考核制度,提出了官员养廉与治理官场腐败的若干建议,主张精简政府机构,裁汰冗官,仿设议院,公举乡官,提高行政效率。

  12. Chen Yun' s Thought on the Progressiveness of CPC Members%论陈云的共产党员先进性思想



    Comrade Chen Yun is a great proletarian revolutionist and politician, an outstanding Marxist, and a long -tested extraordinary leader of the Party and the state. In his revolutionary career of over 70 years, Chen Yun made great attainment in both theory and practice in the progressiveness of CPC members, and raised a lot of meaningful thoughts. He thought that the progressiveness of CPC members was mainly embodied in working hard to arm their mind with scientific theory and master correct ideology and methodology;firmly setting up the communism ideal and faith and striving for it all the life ; always remembering the tenet of the Party to seek bene- fits for the people wholeheartedly;abiding by the discipline of the Party and passing on the good tradition of the Party. As one important component of Chen Yun' s theory of party building, these thoughts were the product of combining the party building theory of Marxism and Leninism with the CPC' s practice of party building, having greatly enriched and developed the membership construction thought of the party building theory of Maoism. Chen Yun' s thought on the progressiveness of CPC members has an important meaning of guidance for strength- ening the progressiveness construction, maintaining the progressiveness of CPC members, and keeping the Party' s purity under the new situation.%陈云同志是伟大的无产阶级革命家、政治家,杰出的马克思主义者,党和国家久经考验的卓越领导人。在70多年的革命生涯中,陈云同志对共产党员的先进性从理论到实践都有重大建树,提出了许多具有深远意义的思想。他认为,共产党员的先进性主要体现在:奋发学习,以科学理论武装头脑,把思想方法搞对头;牢固树立共产主义的理想信念,并终身为之奋斗;始终牢记党的宗旨,全心全意人民谋利益;严守党的纪律,自觉继承和发扬党的优良传统作风。这些思想是他党建思想理

  13. 论陈继儒游记散文之趣%On the Interest of Chen Jiru’s Travel Prose



    Chen Jiru travelled to many places in his life, which contributes a lot to his literary creation. His travel prose is interesting to read. It mainly presents in three aspects of interest: the free and casual interest, the speculative and mechanical interest, the elegant and leisure interest.%陈继儒一生游历之处较多,其文学创作也颇得江山之助。陈继儒的游记散文具有趣味性,这主要表现在三个方面,即自由随性的轻狂之趣、颇具思辨的机理之趣以及闲适雅化的隐逸之趣。

  14. 刘春霖《甲辰科状元策》探源%On Liu Chunlin’s Jia-Chen Ke Zhuang-Yuan Ce



    Lian-Chi Academy was very famous in Late-Qing Dynasty, whose teaching idea and studying atmosphere kept ahead in China. Being the last Zhuang-Yuan of China, Liu Chun-Lin was one of the top students of this academy. Liu’s thoughts, was put what is learned into practice and acting according to circumstances, embodied in his book, Jia-Chen Ke Zhuang-Yuan Ce, that is Volumes by the Topmost Master of the Jia-chen Year, provided a feasible reform idea for the rulers of Late-Qing Dynasty. His examination paper before the emperor reflected his understanding for the social realities and also the ability for resolving problems. His handwriting was also very famous, and was highly praised for his noble qualities.%莲池书院是我国晚清著名的书院,在教学理念和学风上领先于全国。最后一位状元刘春霖是该书院培养出来的高材生之一。他在《甲辰科状元策》中体现的经世致用、因时制宜的思想,为晚清的统治者提供了切实可行的改革思路。殿试卷内容体现了考生对现实的了解程度和解决实际问题的能力。其书法的艺术也名噪一时,高尚品质时人称赞。

  15. Issues Chen Yun Pondered on in his Later Years%陈云晚年对几个重要问题的探讨



    陈云晚年反复思考以下几个问题:一是加强党的自身建设,提出:“执政党的党风问题是有关党的生死存亡的问题”;二是倡导学习哲学,强调:学好哲学,终身受用;三是加强农业生产,提出:无农不稳,无粮则乱;四是保护环境,提出:保护环境是我国一项大的国策。我们重温陈云晚年思考的这几个问题,对于我们加强执政党建设,落实科学发展观,构建和谐社会,都有重要意义。%Chen Yun pondered on several issues in his later years. Firstly, as to the Party' s self - construction, he claimed that "the ruling Party' s conduct construction is a life - and - death matter". Secondly, he initiated philosophy study, emphasizing the life -long benefit of a good mastery of philosophy. Thirdly, he proposed to strengthen agricultural production, in his belief that "national stability is threatened without a sound agriculture, and shortage of grain entails a chaotic situation". His forth proposal concerns environmental protection, stating that "environmental protection is a basic national policy in our country". Nowadays, a revision of these issues pondered on by Chen Yun in his later years is still of great significance, to strengthen the ruling Party's construction, to carry out scientific development concept and to build a harmonious society.

  16. 陈伯吹主编《小朋友》的历史贡献%Chen Bochui' s Historical Contribution in Charge of Xiaopengyou



    The magazine Xiaopengyou, which stopped publishing for seven and a half years because of the aggression of Japanese, published again in Chongqing in April, 1 st, 1945. Chen Bochui was the third chief editor of this magazine. His hard word provided turmoil. When this magazine returned to Shanghai very worshipful mental nourishment for the children in the ,Chen Bochui called the colleagues in the field of literature and education together to discuss children literature creation and other problems. It is very meaningful creative development of children literature and the editing of children' s books after the foundation China. for the of new%因日寇侵略而休刊了七年半的《小朋友》杂志于1945年4月1日在我国战时首都重庆复刊。陈伯吹此时受任于危难之际,出任该杂志第三任主编。他的辛勤工作为战乱中的孩子提供了非常可贵的精神食粮。《小朋友》杂志迁回上海后,陈伯吹以《小朋友》主编身份召集文学界和教育界同人,探讨儿童文学创作和儿童读物应否描写阴暗面等问题,这被称为“伴随硝烟的思考”,对于新中国成立后儿童文学的创作发展以及儿童读物的编辑具有十分重大的意义。

  17. 养阴逐瘀汤联合西医常规治疗喉白斑病50例%Treatment for 50 Cases of Laryngeal Leukoplakia with YangYin ZhuYuTang and Conventional Western Medicine



    Objective: To explore clinical effects of YangYin ZhuYuTang, western medicine and surgery in treating laryngeal leukoplakia. Method: One hundred patients were randomized into two groups on average. Operation was performed after anesthesia of nasal surface and the patients of both groups were banned from smoking and drinking, administered with ultrasonic atomizing inhalation, once each time, 60 mg/1mL of gentamycin sulfate injection and 5 mg of dexamthasone each time. Observation group received YangYin ZhuYuTang based on the treatment given to control group, one dose per day, taking after breakfast and supper. One session was one month and both groups were treated for two consecutive sessions. Result: Cure rate and total effective rate of observation groups were 84.00% and 98.00%, superior to 70.00% and 88.00% of control group with notable differences (P<0.05). No adverse reaction or complication occurred in both groups. Conclusion: YangYin ZhuYuTang combined with western medicine and surgery can obtain better clinical effects in treating laryngeal leukoplakia without adverse reaction.%目的:观察养阴逐瘀汤联合西药及手术治疗喉白斑病的临床疗效.方法:将100 例喉白班病患者随机分为2 组,每组50 例.对照组采用鼻腔表面麻醉后进行手术,术后禁烟酒,给予患者超声雾化吸入,1 次/d,每次庆大霉素6 万单位,地塞米松5 mg.观察组在对照组治疗的基础上给予中药养阴逐瘀汤,1 剂/d,早、晚饭后服用.2 组均以1个月为1 个疗程,连续治疗2 个疗程.结果:观察组痊愈率为84.00%,总有效率为98.00%;对照组痊愈率为70.00%,总有效率为88.00%,2 组相比有统计学差异(P<0.05).2 组均未出现或发生不良反应及并发症.结论:养阴逐瘀汤联合西药及手术治疗喉白斑病临床疗效好,无不良反应.

  18. Influence of Qing Jin Zhu Yu Fang iontophoresis on the respiratory function of COPD patients%清金逐瘀方离子导入对COPD患者呼吸功能的影响

    郭义娟; 赵晓霞; 秦玉玲; 黄立强


    Objective:To observe the influence of Qing Jin Zhu Yu Fang iontophoresis on the respiratory function of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD).Methods:120 cases of COPD patients were selected from February 2011 to February 2013.According to random number table method,the patients were divided into the experimental group and the control group with 60 cases in each.The control group was given conventional western medicine treatment,and the experimental group was given Qing Jin Zhu Yu Fang iontophoresis on the basis of conventional western medicine treatment.After treatment for two weeks, the lung function of patients were compared,such as forced expiratory vital capacity(FVC),forced expiratory volume in 1 second(FEV1),FEV1/predicted value(FEV1%),blood gas analysis index(arterial blood oxygen partial pressure PaO2,carbon dioxide pressure PaCO2).Results:After treatment for two weeks,the lung functions of two groups were all significantly improved.FVC,FEV1, FEV1% of the experimental group improved more significantly than those of the control group,and the difference was statistically significant(P<0.05).Conclusion:On the basis of conventional western medicine treatment,adding Qing Jin Zhu Yu Fang iontophoresis can significantly improve lung function in COPD patients,reduce inflammation,and obtain apparent curative effect.%目的:观察清金逐瘀方离子导入对慢性阻塞性肺疾病(COPD)患者呼吸功能的影响。方法:2011年2月-2013年2月收治COPD患者120例,按随机数字表法分为试验组和对照组,每组60例。对照组给予常规西医治疗,试验组在常规西医治疗的基础上予以清金逐瘀方离子导入,治疗2周后对比两组肺功能,即用力呼气肺活量(FVC)、1 s用力呼气容积(FEV1)、FEV1/预计值(FEV1%),血气分析指标(动脉血氧分压 PaO2、二氧化碳分压 PaCO2)。结果:治疗2周后,两组患者肺功能均有显著改善,其中试验组 FVC、FEV1、FEV1%

  19. 朱熹与张栻的论学:性体情用心统与性体心用导向心之九义%On the Argument between ZHU Xi and ZHANG Shi



    我们讨论朱熹与张栻的论辩,固然需要对文本和历史作出深刻的了解,这是经典诠释的基本要素,但是单纯的经典诠释无法获得本体层面的根源性了解,因之我们尚需采取本体诠释学的方法,从根源上寻求体系的发展与成立。在这个意义上,朱子和胡五峰、张南轩的湖湘学派,是相互引申与相互攻错的关系,而不应将之看作谁是谁非的关系。更重要的是,在这种相互引申、相互攻错的关系之中,吾人可以就孟子以来的心性之学提出九项意义,亦即“心之九义”,显示“心”的意义多形多样。我为了彰显与体会其心与性情之际的多形多样而一体之义,乃回顾了四书、二程、胡五峰、张南轩、朱子的学说,在此提出“心”之九种含义之说。%The discussion of the argument between ZHU Xi and ZHANG Shi needs to be based on the basic element of interpretation of classics, namely, the keen insight of literature and history. But the simple interpretation of classics cannot lead to the thorough understanding from ontology level. Ontological hermeneutics should be applied instead so as to look into the establishment and development of the sys-tem. In this sense, the thoughts of ZHU Xi and those of Huxiang school, with HU Wu-feng and ZHANG Nan-xuan as its representatives, are actually overlapping and complementary so that neither can be de-fined as definitely right or wrong. More importantly, based on their complementary relationship, nine points of Mencius’ “Mind has nine meanings” can be concluded, manifesting various meanings of mind. With reviews of the Four books, theories of CHENGs, theories of HU Wu-feng, theories of ZHANG Nan-xuan, and theories of ZHU Xi, the author proposes the theory of “mind has nine meanings”.

  20. [Reiner Nürnberg, Ekkehard Höxtermann, Martina Voigt. Elisabeth Schiemann 1881-1972. Vom AußBruch der Genetik und der Frauen in den UmBrüchen des 20. Jahrhunderts] / Monika von Hirschheydt

    Hirschheydt, Monika von


    Arvustus: Nürnberg, Reiner, Höxtermann, Ekkehard, Voigt, Martina. Elisabeth Schiemann 1881-1972. Vom AußBruch der Genetik und der Frauen in den UmBrüchen des 20. Jahrhunderts. Beiträge eines Symposiums zum 200. Gründungsjubiläum der Humboldt-Universität Berlin. Rangsdorf: Basilisken-Presse 2014

  1. [Reiner Nürnberg, Ekkehard Höxtermann, Martina Voigt. Elisabeth Schiemann 1881-1972. Vom AußBruch der Genetik und der Frauen in den UmBrüchen des 20. Jahrhunderts] / Monika von Hirschheydt

    Hirschheydt, Monika von


    Arvustus: Nürnberg, Reiner, Höxtermann, Ekkehard, Voigt, Martina. Elisabeth Schiemann 1881-1972. Vom AußBruch der Genetik und der Frauen in den UmBrüchen des 20. Jahrhunderts. Beiträge eines Symposiums zum 200. Gründungsjubiläum der Humboldt-Universität Berlin. Rangsdorf: Basilisken-Presse 2014

  2. 长株潭地区土地利用景观格局动态变化分析%Analysis of dynamic changes of land use and landscape pattern in Chang-Zhu-Tan Cities

    郑瑜; 吴立潮; 罗以灿; 李燕; 吴云景


    With the help of ARCGIS and the spatial pattern analysis software FRAGSTATS of the raster version 3.3, the current landscape pattern and its problem of the Chang-ghu-Tan Cities were analyzed based on the landscape indices by using the land cover classification data in 1986, 1995 and 2002. Results showed that the landscape conversion types concentrated mainly in the paddy field, grassland, woodland, urban land, rural residential land and unused land from 1986 to 2002; the dramatic conversion of urban land and rural residential land in recent years,showed an accelerating pace of urbanization, and a rapidly expanding of construction land and rural residential land in Chang-Zhu-Tan Cities, to some extent; it also showed a rapid economic development. At the same time, the government should pay attention to enhancing the stability of landscape pattern in Chang-Zhu-Tan Cities, to promoting local economic, social and ecological sustainable development.%在ARCGIS软件和景观指数统计学软件FRAGSTATS 3.3的支持下,以1986年、1995年和2002年三个时期的土地利用覆盖数据为基础数据来源,以景观生态学的原理和方法为基础,利用景观格局指标分析了长株潭地区的景观格局现状和存在的问题.研究结果表明:1986年到2002年间景观格局主要集中在水田、草地、林地、城镇用地、农村居民用地和未利用地等景观类型之间相互转换.从城镇用地、和农村居民用地的显著转化可以看出,近年来,长株潭地区的城镇化速度不断加快,建设用地和农村居民用地面积不断扩张,说明长株潭地区经济发展较快,但同时要注意增强长株潭地区的景观稳定性和抗干扰性能,促进当地经济、社会和生态的可持续发展.

  3. Content determination of amygdalin in Xue Fu Zhu Yu oral liquid by HPLC-ELSD%HPLC-ELSD法测定血府逐瘀口服液中苦杏仁苷的含量

    孙琦; 仲崇琳; 杨美林


    Objective:To develop a method for the content determination of amygdalin in Xue Fu Zhu Yu oral liquid.Methods:High performance liquid chromatography-evaporative light-scattering detector method was used.The chromatographic column was octadecylsilane chemically bonded silica as the filler,the moving phase was methanol-water(25:75),the flow velocity was 1ml one minute,the column temperature was 30℃.The drift tube temperature of evaporative light-scattering detector was 105℃,air or nitrogen was as the atomizing gas,its flow velocity was 3.0L one minute.Results:The incoming sample amount of amygdalin was 0.856~4.28 μ g,the natural logarithm of peak area and the natural logarithm of incoming sample amount had good linear relationship(r=0.9995),the average recovery was 99.06% ,RSD=1.39(n=6).Conclusion:This method is sensitive,accurate,can be used for the content determination of amygdalin in Xue Fu Zhu Yu oral liquid.%目的:建立测定血府逐瘀口服液中苦杏仁苷的含量的方法。方法:采用高效液相色谱-蒸发光散射检测器法。色谱柱为十八烷基硅烷键合硅胶为填充剂,流动相为甲醇-水(25:75),流速控制在1ml/分,柱温控制在30℃;蒸发光散射检测器的漂移管温度控制105℃,空气或氮气作为其中的雾化气体,其流速控制在3.0L/分。结果:苦杏仁苷的进样量0.856~4.28μg,其峰面积的自然对数与进样量的自然对数具有良好的线性关系(r=0.9995),平均回收率99.06%,RSD=1.39(n=6)。结论:该方法灵敏、准确,可用于血府逐瘀口服液中苦杏仁苷的含量测定。

  4. 论装饰性在朱理存工笔人物画中的运用%View on the Application of Ornamental Character in the Realistic Figure Paintings of Zhu Li-cun



    在当代中国画坛上活跃着众多出色的女画家,朱理存就是其中之一。朱理存早年在美院时学的是写意画,她毕业后创作的一系列作品如《四不要》、《叔叔喝水》等都是写意画。后来,为了表现的需要她又画起工笔画。她的作品多以少女、儿童生活篇为题材,形象饱满,色调清雅。朱理存的作品是极具特色的,她的工笔人物画工中含写、写中有工,同时又体现着一种不失传统又有一定装饰味道的特征,充满人情味和浪漫的生活情趣。%Many outstanding women painters are active in the Contemporary Painting Community.Zhu Licun,as one of those women painters,majored in free-style paintings in her early years in Fine Arts Institute.After her graduation,she created a series of artistic works,like "Four Don'ts" "Uncle Drinks",which are all free-style paintings.Afterwards,she paints the realistic figure painting again in order to meet the needs of expression.Therefore,her paintings mainly take the lives of maids and children as themes,whose image is full and tone is refined.Zhu Licun's paintings have good features with good combination of features of realistic figure painting and free-style painting in a single one painting.At the same time,these paintings also exhibit the traditional and ornamental character which is full of human kindness and romantic life zest.

  5. 海南降香檀种子质量分级标准研究%Study on Standard of Dalbergia odorifera T.Chen Seed Quality Classification

    孟慧; 杨云; 陈波


    研究海南降香檀种子质量的分级标准.选择海南降香檀种子30个批次样本进行分选,以及对净度、优良度、千粒重、生活力、含水量等指标的测定,确定种子质量分级标准.降香檀种子优良度、生活力和千粒重是5项种子分级指标中的主要标准,其他指标作为参考.种子优良度为95%,生活力为84.2%,千粒重在131.4g以上的种子被列为一级种子;种子优良度为70%,生活力为70.1%,千粒重在128.1g以上的种子被列为二级种子.建立了海南降香檀种子质量分级标准.%Studied the standard of Dalbergia odorifera T. Chen seed quality classification. Choose 30 samples of Dalbergia odorifera T. Chen seeds as materials. Seed purity,seed goodness,weight per 1000 seeds,seed viability , and content of water mensurated. According to the data, standard of the seed quality classification was set up. Seed goodness, seed vialility and weight per 1 000 seeds were described as major standard of seed quality classification and others as reference. The first grading seed were described as seed goodness more than 95% , seed vialility percentage more than 84.2% , and weight per 1 000 seeds more than 131.4 g. The second grading seed were described as seed goodness more than 70% ,seed vialility percentage more than 70.1% ,and weight per 1 000 seeds more than 128.1 g.

  6. "A violation of the conditional independence assumption in the two-high-threshold Model of recognition memory": Correction to Chen, Starns, and Rotello (2015).


    Reports an error in "A violation of the conditional independence assumption in the two-high-threshold model of recognition memory" by Tina Chen, Jeffrey J. Starns and Caren M. Rotello (Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2015[Jul], Vol 41[4], 1215-1222). In the article, Chen et al. compared three models: a continuous signal detection model (SDT), a standard two-high-threshold discrete-state model in which detect states always led to correct responses (2HT), and a full-mapping version of the 2HT model in which detect states could lead to either correct or incorrect responses. After publication, Rani Moran (personal communication, April 21, 2015) identified two errors that impact the reported fit statistics for the Bayesian information criterion (BIC) metric of all models as well as the Akaike information criterion (AIC) results for the full-mapping model. The errors are described in the erratum. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2014-56216-001.) The 2-high-threshold (2HT) model of recognition memory assumes that test items result in distinct internal states: they are either detected or not, and the probability of responding at a particular confidence level that an item is "old" or "new" depends on the state-response mapping parameters. The mapping parameters are independent of the probability that an item yields a particular state (e.g., both strong and weak items that are detected as old have the same probability of producing a highest-confidence "old" response). We tested this conditional independence assumption by presenting nouns 1, 2, or 4 times. To maximize the strength of some items, "superstrong" items were repeated 4 times and encoded in conjunction with pleasantness, imageability, anagram, and survival processing tasks. The 2HT model failed to simultaneously capture the response rate data for all item classes, demonstrating that the data violated the conditional independence assumption. In

  7. 在时代的旋律中寻找趣味——朱自清的小说批评浅析%Searching for Fun in the Melody of the Times -An Analysis of Zhu Ziqings Fiction Criticism



    As a writer and critic in modern literary history, Zhu Zi--qing's novel criticism focuses on a limitless pursuit of fun in novels, reflecting the times and concerning about the realistic lives, and pointing out the way for the development of novels. Its greatest contribution lies in the revelation of modernity in the novels, which is a breath of fresh air to the literary world of that time.%朱自清作为一个现代文学史上的作家批评家,他的小说批评注重对小说“趣味”的无限追求,表现时代、关注现实人生,为小说发展指明出路。其最大的贡献在于对小说“现代性”的揭示,为当时文坛注入了一股新鲜的血液。

  8. Study on Underwater Tunnel Tube Positioning and Posture Monitoring of GANG-ZHU-AO Bridge%港珠澳大桥隧道沉管安装定位及姿态监测技术

    张彦昌; 黄永军


    This paper mainly introduce the key points on underwater tunnel tube positioning and posture monitoring of GANG-ZHU-AO Bridge, a combining method of above water-level positioning technology RTK GPS and under watet posture-monitoring technology and real-time measuring of the deflection of surveying tower. By coordinates transformation, we carry out the precise positioning and posture-monitoring of tunnel tubes, and develop the visual simulation software to guide the underwater jointing of tubes. The paper also briefly introduce the key steps and key process control and accuracy anylasis during installation and positioning.%重点介绍了针对港珠澳大桥海底沉管对接过程中水下精密定位及姿态监测技术方法,采用了水上RTK定位与水下姿态监测技术相结合,并实时监测测量塔挠度,通过三维坐标转换实现了高精度的对接定位及姿态监测,开发可视化仿真模拟软件,指导沉管水下对接.简要介绍了安装定位过程的实施步骤、关键工序和定位精度分析.

  9. An Only love Theorist of Self-salvation:Musical Literature Research Method Statement of ZHU Qianzhi%一个唯情论者的自赎--朱谦之音乐文学研究方法评介



    朱谦之作为第一个大力倡导并研究音乐文学的学者,在中国学术史上具有重要意义。他及时吸取当时最新研究成果,并结合自己广博的知识素养,从音乐的角度切入,研究中国文学的产生、发展和流变,不但开风气之先,而且将其上升到方法论的层面,为中国音乐文学的研究提供了典范性的参考文本,也开拓出一个崭新的学科领域,其草创之功,值得铭记。%As the first advocate and study of musical literature scholars, Zhu Qianzhi is of great significance in the history of Chinese academic history. He learnt the latest research results in a timely manner and with his extensive knowledge accomplishment from the angle of music, the generation and development of Chinese literature and the rheology. It not only opens a head and rises to the level of methodology which provides a paradigm to the research of Chinese musical literature reference text, but also opens up a new field. The function of its infancy is worthy of remembering.

  10. Further Correction to Chu Ci Bu Zhu of Zhonghua Book Company Edition%中华书局重印本《楚辞补注》点校补正



    Chu Ci Bu Zhu has been reprinted multiple times since the Zhong Hua Book Company edition in 1983. Modifica-tions can be found in each edition ever since. Zhong Hua Book Company reprinted this book in 2009, which was identical to the 2002 edition. Although corrections have been made to the punctuations of the 2002 edition, there are still punctuations missing, mistaken, and inconsistent. Thus the author intends to make further corrections.%中华书局1983年版《楚辞补注》重印过多次,每次重印均有挖补修改。仅2009年中华书局重印此书,与2002年重印本无异。2002年后学界有数篇文章对2002年重印本的标点问题进行了一些改正,惜有未尽未确之处。其间漏标、误标、前后不一者多处,今就所见予以补正。

  11. Ecosystem service value analysis and trend prediction in Chang-Zhu-Tan region%长株潭地区生态系统服务价值分析及趋势预测

    郭荣中; 杨敏华


    Ecosystem service value is life support products and services directly or indirectly obtained by ecosystem structures, processes, and functions. Land use/land cover change plays a decisive role in the maintenance of the ecosystem services function by altering the structure and function of ecosystems. By the assessment of LUCC on the ecosystem service value, the combined effects of regional land-use changes on ecosystems can be quantitatively and comparatively studied, providing significant insights into practical applications. In the present study, the effects of land use change are detailed and discussed to obtain the values of ecosystem services in the Chang-Zhu-Tan region from 1996 to 2008. Land use change trend is predicted by using the method proposed by Costanza (ESV) wherein the values of ecosystem services are calculated with regard to the value coefficients of ecosystem services per unit area in the Chinese terrestrial ecosystem, as well as being combined with sensitivity analysis and Gray Model (1,1). The process of the research is as follows: 1) The regional ecosystem service value equivalence factor and the amendment of benchmark unit price are studied based on Costanza’s calculation method of ecosystem service value, as well as referring to the farmland ecosystem biomass factor table of our country’s different provinces established by Xie Gaodi, etc.;2) The studied regional ecosystem service values are assessed on the basis of the amended Chang-Zhu-Tan region ecosystem’s unit area ecological service value table and the corresponding area of every land-using type of the studied region;3) The spatial variability of ecosystem service value is analyzed for every county in the Chang-Zhu-Tan region;and 4) The area changes of each land use type in the studied region during 2011-2020 is predicted by use of the GM (1,1) model, and the total value of regional ecosystem services in that period is also evaluated. The conclusion from these studies is that, in

  12. 浅析朱光潜《诗论》中论诗歌音律的重要性%The importance of Zhu Guang-qian's tonality in the "poetry"



    朱光潜的这部《诗论》中,作者对诗的节奏、音律、韵律等因素极为重视,他将诗歌起源、诗的本质等问题用音乐性这一线索贯穿起来探讨,把音律节奏看作是组成诗歌思想情趣的天然特征且对其加以强调。本文从音律是诗歌的命脉、音律是区分诗与散文的重要标志以及音律的艺术功用这三方面简要的论述了音律节奏对于诗歌的重要性。%In Zhu Guang-qian's "poetry", the author attaches great importance to poetic rhythm, melody, he treats the rhythm of music as a natural composition of poetry ideological appeal. This paper discusses the importance of the rhythm of music from the three aspects: tonality is the lifeblood of poetry, is an important symbol to distinguish poetry and prose, artistic function of tonality.

  13. 权利时代的公民美德--评朱祥海博士的《利维坦法哲学》%A Review of Zhu Xianghai's The Leviathan of the Philosophy of Law



    The political state authority is based on citizens'political identity. Adhering to a solid national state concept and deep political belief is the key element to foster civic virtue. The Leviathan of the Philosophy of Law by Dr. Zhu Xianghai makes a thorough analysis of legality authority,cultural identity,political virtue and other core is-sues. The cultural and political conflicts in the age of globalization get national state idea still to serve as a support-ing point of cultivating citizens' political virtue,cultural identity and political obligation concept.%政治国家权威以公民的政治认同为基据,秉持稳固的民族国家观念和深厚的政治信仰是培育公民美德的关键要素。《利维坦法哲学》对合法性权威、文化认同和政治美德等核心问题进行了深刻梳理。全球化时代的文化矛盾与政治冲突,使得民族国家观念仍然是培养公民政治美德、文化认同和政治义务观念的支点。

  14. 朱元璋对台阁体形成的基础作用%Emperor Zhu Yuanzhang's Important Effect on Literature of Tai-ge Style



    明代台阁体是威权政治的产物,由儒家叙事传统与皇帝威权结合而产生。明王朝缔造者朱元璋,以祖训和大诰的形式,为后世子孙垂宪立法,直接影响了明初文学的走向,在洪武时代就形成了台阁体的潜流。%In early Ming Dynasty,as a result of tyrant politics,the literature of Tai-ge Style was created by the Emperor's authority and narrative regulation of Confucianism.As the first emperor of Ming,Zhu Yuanzhang wrote the Imperial Mandate,Sermons From Forefather of Ming Dynasty,to tell his descendents how to control the country.His words and action was such a powerful effect on literature's growth that main features of Tai-ge Style even appeared in the time of Hongwu Emperor.

  15. Paragonimus heterotremus Chen and Hsia (1964), in Vietnam: a molecular identification and relationships of isolates from different hosts and geographical origins.

    Le, Thanh H; Van De, Nguyen; Blair, David; McManus, Donald P; Kino, Hideto; Agatsuma, Takeshi


    Paragonimus heterotremus Chen and Hsia (1964), and paragonimiasis caused by this species is a newly detected disease in Vietnam. Twelve samples of Paragonimus (Platyhelminthes: Trematoda: Digenea: Paragonimidae) from different life-stages (eggs, miracidia, metacercariae, adults from natural and experimental hosts) and host species (crab, dog, cat and human) were collected in different geographical locations in Vietnam. DNA sequences were obtained from each for partial mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (cox1) (387 bp) and the entire second ribosomal internal transcribed spacer (ITS-2) (361 bp). The ITS-2 sequences were identical among all specimens, including those previously reported in GenBank. For cox1, there were sequence differences between specimens from Vietnam (four provinces, different locations) and those from Guangxi (China) and Saraburi (Thailand). Phylogenetic trees inferred from cox1 and ITS-2 sequences using sequence data for 15 P. heterotremus and for other Paragonimus spp. revealed that all P. heterotremus originating from Vietnam, Thailand and China form a distinct group. This information also confirms the identity of the Vietnamese specimens as P. heterotremus.

  16. 怪诞之美——陈老莲的人物画%The Absurd Beauty: Comment on Mr. Chen Lao-lian's Model Painting



    “怪诞”是一种美。这种美尽管从未占据主导地位,但它却是中国传统艺术中一股不容忽视的潜流,而且源远流长。陈老莲在中国绘画史上的地位和成就同其绘画艺术及其人物画独特的审美价值,无疑是与其“怪诞”的画风密不可分的。陈老莲人物画“怪诞”的造型特征,具有特别的形式美感与深刻内涵。%Absurdity is a tendency in definition of beauty, which has never been dominant, but an undercurrent deserving much attention in Chinese traditional arts and that has a long history. Mr. Chen Lao-lian has earned a place in history of Chinese painting. His achievements as well as his art of painting and his unique appreciation of beauty in character painting are all inseparable with his absurd style of painting. The modeling features of his paintings are of beautiful forms and essence.

  17. The Study of Qiu Chi's A Letter to Chen Bozhi%藏词与借代--从丘迟《与陈伯之书》说起



    Qiu Chi's A Letter to Chen Bozhi is a very successful book about capitulate. This letter is very vivid and logical. Qiu Chi had very clear goals in writing this letter. This letter is a meaningful Practical writ-ing. This paper is aimed at studying hiding words and metonymy, which are two major writing skill.%丘迟的《与陈伯之书》是一篇十分成功的劝降书。论者谓是文“晓之以理,动之以情”,乃中肯的评价。丘迟写作此文,有特定对象,也有明确的目的,是一篇不折不扣的应用文。选取“藏词”与“借代”两种修辞手法,讨论二者在是文所起的作用,并述这两种修辞手法的发展。

  18. 陈胜出身及有关问题的考辨%Chen Sheng' s Origin and Some Relevant Problems



    Misunderstandings arose that Chen Sheng had a noble birth, was once a head of the 900 civil- ian workers, not an ordinary farmer, but a powerful bully, etc.. However, analysis was made of "a ten- ant farmer", "frontier soldier", " capital punishment for delay", "a head of the stationary troops", "nicknamed She", and other historical documents, the so - called new findings are fabricated and devia- ted from the facts.%有人误读历史文献,得出陈胜"出身是相当高贵的","当上900民工的屯长","不是一般的庄稼人","是地方上的豪强"等新结论。但通过对"为人佣耕"、"闾左適戍"、"失期当斩"、"屯长职爵"、"陈胜字涉"的考辨和对历史文献的解析,揭破了这些"新结论"的虚妄和与历史事实的背离。

  19. Artistic Characteristics in Chen Zi Fen's Paintings of Flowers and Birds%论陈子奋花鸟画的艺术特点及成因



    Mr. Chen Zifen's paintings of birds and flowers are important parts of his art career. His paintings of flowers and birds combined with the traditional integration, the techniques are comprehensive, the feelings are sincere, the topic are extensive, the layout is flexible, and the color is bright. He absorbed the essence of the traditional culture, practiced hard, and combined with the spirit of the times, so he created numerous bright works of art.%陈子奋先生的花乌画是他一生艺术实践的重要组成部分,他的花乌画整合传统,技法全面,形真意足,题材广泛,情谐雅俗;布局灵活,用色明艳,诗意盎然。陈子奋在汲取传统文化精华的基础上,经过长期艺术实践的锤炼,并将时代精神渗透其间,最终使他创作出大量富有鲜明时代精神的艺术作品。

  20. Héritages mortifères. Rupture dans/de la filiation chez Ying Chen et Jane Sautière

    Anne-Marie Parent


    Full Text Available Les récits Nullipare (2008 de Jane Sautière et Un enfant à ma porte (2008 de Ying Chen mettent tous deux en scène des femmes qui se révèlent incapables d’être mères. Le présent article montre que cette incapacité à avoir un enfant vient du fait que pour les deux narratrices, la filiation est liée à la mort, à la perte et à l’absence ; dans les deux textes, un héritage mortifère fait rupture et empêche la filiation de se poursuivre. Jane Sautière’s Nullipare (2008 and Ying Chen’s Un enfant à ma porte (2008 both portray a woman unable to become a mother. This article shows that the inability to have a child stems from the fact that, for the narrators of each work, filiation is linked to death, to loss, and to absence; in the two texts, a deadly legacy breaks the line of filiation and prevents its continuation.

  1. 陈白露与茶花女的艺术形象比较%Art Image Comparison of Chen Bailu and the Lady of the Camellias



    陈白露和茶花女分别是曹禺《日出》和小仲马《茶花女》中的人物。她们两人都是文学中典型的妓女形象,都经历了几近相同的悲剧命运。文章把陈白露与茶花女这两个不同时代和文化背景下产生的、有着相似的境遇而又有着不同个性的文学形象放在同一视角下进行审视和比较,通过这两个悲剧形象所呈现的复杂的社会内涵来剖析其悲剧意义上的差异。%Chen Bailu and the Lady of the Camellias are figures of Sunrise by Cao Yu and The Lady of the Camellias by Alexan- dre Dumas Fils, who are the classic images of prostitute with similar fate. In the same perspective, the paper surveys and compares the two figures that lived in different times and cultural backgrounds and had similar experiences but different characters. And the paper also analyzes their different tragic fates with the complicated social connotations presented from the two tragic figures.

  2. On the Horizontal Speed of the Lower Extremities in Javelin Thrower Chen Qi's Cross Steps%标枪运动员陈奇交叉步中下肢水平速度的分析



    By the methods of experiment and comparison,the author made an overall,systematic and quantitative analysis of the horizontal speed changes of the lower extremity joints in the course of cross steps of Chen Qi,an elite Chinese male javelin thrower.The result shows that Chen Qi's technical structure needs to be further perfected and technical movements must be improved.%运用实验法和对比法对我国优秀男子标枪运动员陈奇交叉步过程中下肢各关节水平速度的变化进行全面、系统、定量的分析,结果表明,陈奇的技术结构有待进一步优化,技术细节须改进。

  3. 陈抟的先天《易》学思想探析∗%An Investigation and Analysis of Chen Tuan ’s Xian Tian I Ching Studies



    华山高隐陈抟(872-989)早年儒服,壮岁慕道,晚年入道,唯一不变的是对《易》的爱好。陈抟的《易》学受《周易》经传、《易纬》的影响,除了有对儒学自身的发掘,更涵摄老学与佛学的思想与范畴,在象数领域进一步开拓了《易》学的视野。《先天太极图>是陈抟创制的著名《易》图之一,是由先天八卦与《阴阳鱼太极图》组合而成的。由《京兆府广慈禅院新修瑞象记》的存在,证实了陈抟确实有着先天八卦卦图思想,这也意谓着陈抟在先天八卦的发展上是关键的角色。《先天太极图》承袭《参同契》以乾坤为南北,离坎为东西,《参同契》以乾坤为人身之象,乾为首,坤为腹,坎离为水火之说,以喻身中之药物,因此,《先天太极图》是用来表示炼丹的过程。陈抟先天之学是作为丹道炼养学理之依据。%Chen Tuan (872-989),a legendary Daoist sage living in Mt.Hua,who was conversant with the Confucianism at an early age,took interest in Taoism in midlife,and devoted himself entirely to Taoism in his later years.Chen Tuan's enthusiasm for I Ching had never changed.I Ching and I Wei had strong influences on Chen Tuan's I Ching studies .Aside from investigations into Confucianism,Chen Tu-an's I Ching studies not only involve thoughts of Laozi and Buddhism,but also broaden new horizons of I Ching in the field of Pattern-Number.“Xian Tian Tai Ji Tu,”one of Chen Tuan's famous creations,con-sists of Xian Tian Ba Gua and“Yin Yang Yu Tai Ji Tu.”Through JingZhaoFuGuangCiChanYuanXin XiuRui Xiang Ji,we confirm Chen Tuan's thought of Xian Tian Ba Gua,which means Chen Tuan plays a vital part in the development of Xian Tian Ba Gua. Following CanTong Qi,“Xian Tian Tai Ji Tu”uses Qian and Kun as north and south,Li and Kan as east and west.CanTong Qi takes Qian and Kun as the symbols of the human body,which means the head and the abdomen

  4. 朱谦之先生的中国哲学史史料学研究%An Exploration of Mr. Zhu Qianzhi' s Science of Historical Data in The History of Chinese Philosophy



    朱谦之先生是中国哲学史史料学学科的真正开创者,这表现在他在中国历史上第一个完成《中国哲学史史料学》专著并从6个方面做出一定贡献:通过将重点著作作为选题的方式设计篇章体例;采取层层递进的方法,首次界定"中国哲学史史料学";运用三重证据法诠释殷商哲学史料;划分三个阶段展示易学哲学史料的演变历程;使用三派分析法分疏老庄哲学史料;以"去粗取精"为主要原则整理近代思想史料。概括而言,其中国哲学史史料学研究有学科观念鲜明、学术立场坚定和方法论意识强烈等特点,但也存在篇章体例设计欠规范化、科学化和对史料学方法的理论阐释不够集中、不够充分、不够系统等不足之处。%As the real founder of the science of historical data of Chinese hilosophy history, Mr. Zhu Qianzhi completed The Science of Historical Data of Chinese Philosophy History as the first such dissertation in Chinese his- tory. He contributed considerably to the science of historical data of Chinese philosophy history mainly in six ways. First of all, style rules and layout were to be designed by cal data of Chinese philosophy history was to be defined taking the key works as topics. Next, a science of histori- through steady development. Still next, historical data a- bout philosophy in the Yin and the Shang Dynasty were to be interpreted by triple-evidence approach. Even next, the course of evolution of study of change was to be described by dividing it into three periods. Then, historical da- ta of Zhuangzi' s philosophy were to be carded by three-school analysis. Finally, historical data of modern thoughts were to be arranged by "rejecting the dross and assimilating the essential". Generally, Zhu' s studies in historical data of Chinese philosophy history were of clear academic concept, firm academic stand and self-conscious method- ology.

  5. Research on Leisure Sports Resource Allocation of Xiangjiang Scenery Belt in Chang-Zhu-Tan Area%长株潭湘江风光带休闲体育资源配置的研究



    The Xiangjiang scenery belt,which is possessed with the facilities of the sporting area include ball courts,fitness facilities,bicycles and sand beach,is an important place of citizens who live in the city group of Chang-Zhu-Tan area for playing sports and recreation.The major motives of citizens’participating in sports are improving their health,amusing and entertaining,losing weight and adjusting their moods.The major factors that affect their activities are spots field utensils,weather and time.The major forms for the citizens to participate in sports are exercising with friends,classmates and colleagues,exercising with family members,or exercising by joining organizations or exercising alone.The items of exercising include long-running or walking,all kinds of sports balls,all kinds of dances,exercising with categories of fitness equipment and roller skating.However, some problems still exist,such as lacking of sporting facilities,unreasonable construction structures,lower utiliza-tion rate and insufficient exploitation of the sport area.Naturally,actions need to be done to reuse,exploit and in-tegrate the resources of leisure sports,so as to accelerate the construction of sports facilities of the Xiangjiang scenery belt and allocate the sports resources more reasonably and promote the sustainable development of leisure sports in Chang-Zhu-Tan area.%湘江风光带是长株潭城市群市民体育休闲的重要场所,分布有球场、健身设备、自行车、沙滩浴场等体育场地和设施;市民参加休闲体育锻炼的动机主要在于增进健康、娱乐消遣、减肥美体、调节心情等;影响长株潭湘江风光市民参与休闲体育锻炼的因素主要有场地器材、天气、时间等;其形式主要与朋友同学同事、家人,或团体组织、独自一人参加锻炼;体育锻炼的项目包括长跑(走)、球类、舞蹈、健身器械、轮滑等。尚存在场地设施不足、建设结构不合理、利

  6. 谷竹高速青峰滑坡成因分析及治理措施%Cause Analysis of Qingfeng Landslide and Its Treatment Measures of Gu-Zhu Highway

    刘军; 钱盈


    以谷竹高速公路青峰滑坡为例,采用反演系数法和传递系数法计算了该滑坡的稳定性。结果表明:复杂的地形、工程地质条件、松散破碎的易滑地层、不利的软弱结构面等是滑坡形成的内因;引水隧道中水对边坡长期的渗流和对岩土体的软化作用是滑坡形成的外因。根据计算结果,采用削坡减载、抗滑挡墙、立体截排水和路基反压处理,取得了良好的效果。%Taking the landslide at the exit of Qingfeng along Gu-Zhu Highway as an example,inver-sion coefficient and transfer coefficient method was used to calculate the slope stability of the land-slide.The results show that the complex terrain,geological conditions,loose and broken easily slide formation and disadvantage of weak structural plane is the internal cause of landslide formation;Wa-ter in the water diversion tunnel on the slope seepage and long-term effect on softening of rock and soil mass is landslide formation of the external cause.According to the calculation results,the cutting slope and reducing load,anti-sliding retaining wall,and three-dimensional cutting back pressure drainage and roadbed treatment are adopted for comprehensive treatment,getting good effect.

  7. Journal of Neijiang Normal University%On ZHANG Zhu-po’s Standards of Comment on Characters in Chin Ping Mei:A Case Study of WU Yue-niang and MENG Yu-lou



    In ZHANG Zhu-po’s comments on ChinPing Mei,we can find great difference of commenting between WU Yue-niang and MENG Yu-lou.He took WU as a “wicked good person”and poured blames on her;in contrast,he called MENG a “real good person”and believed that she was the proj ection of the writer herself in the novel.This is because that the commentator merged the feeling of his life and the standards of comment on characters in pursuing certain values into his com-ment.These include three aspects:moral standards of wealth and sex,traditional words and deeds of rite and virtue,positio-ning of literati’s self-regarding images and second wives.%张竹坡批评《金瓶梅》中,对吴月娘和孟玉楼的评价有着较大差异:视吴月娘为“奸险好人”,大加贬斥;称孟玉楼为“真正好人”,认为她是作者本人在小说中的投射。原因在于评点者融入自己身世之感与价值追求所建立的人物品评标准。这主要包括三个方面:财与色的道德尺度、礼与贤的传统言行、继室与文人自喻的形象定位。

  8. On the Annotation of Historical Event in Ji Zhu Fen Lei Dong Po Shi%论《集注分类东坡诗》的历史阐释



    The authors ofJi Zhu Fen Lei Dong Po Shi often demonstrated the meanings of certain poems by histori- cal events. They quoted plenty of authentic data, bring forth the politics backdrop of poems, opened out the causa- tion of Su Shi' s poems, so that they made clear the whole meaning of the poems. Incidentally, they explained the meaning of some pivotal sentences, in which, there were many composing methods, just like depiction, literary quotations and comparison.%《王状元集百家注分类东坡先生诗》中注者众多,且距离苏轼生活的年代较近。这些注者根据苏诗与当代史实密切相关的特点,运用孟子提出的"以意逆志"与"知人论世"相结合的诗歌阐释方法,考证与苏诗相关的大小事件,展现诗歌创作的背景,揭示引发诗歌创作的事因,从而解释全篇之意。对使用"赋"体、"比兴"体、典故等不同表现方法的诗句,都能以"本事"为根据,准确地解释其意义,对后来的苏诗注有重要的启发。

  9. Taiwan: Recent Developments and U.S. Policy Choices


    dynasty on Taiwan finally was broken on March 18, 2000, when DPP candidate Chen Shui-bian won the presidency with only 39% of the popular vote. The...2002), and for Taiwan’s Defense Minister, Tang Yao-ming (March 2002), who attended a defense conference in Florida and while there met with U.S. Deputy

  10. Maillard reaction induces changes in saccharides and amino acids ...

    Mei-Bian Hu, Wei Peng, Yu-Jie Liu, Dan Yan, Xi Chen, Chun-Jie Wu*. College of Pharmacy ... extracted with 80 % ethanol for 3 h to remove colored materials. ..... Xu M, Yang SL, Peng W, Liu YJ, Xie DS, Li XY, WU CJ. A Novel Method for the ...



    Embattled Leader Taiwan leader Chen Shui-bian, since his election in 2000, seems to have gotten used to diverting the heat from his own political maladies by provoking the Chinese mainland with pro-independence moves, such as drafting a "new constitution" for the island. But the wily politician may find his antics won't achieve their desired effect this time.

  12. Taiwani presidendivalimised jäid kohtu sekkumisel patiseisu / Märt Läänemets

    Läänemets, Märt, 1962-


    Taiwani presidendivalimised võitis napilt senine president Chen Shui-bian, kohus pitseeris hääletuskastid, kui nõuti häälte ülelugemist. Referendumist Hiina-Taiwani suhete kohta ja selle läbikukkumisest. Diagramm

  13. 从陈村计划生育中的博弈看基层社会运作%An Approach to Social Practice from Birth Control in ChenCun Village



    Based on the field work in Chen Village in the east plain of Henan Province, this paper presents an empirical research on the game in the process of family planning in rural China. It attempts to reveal the relationship between state and society or state and villagers, the evolution of local social order and pattern of local social operation through the macro and micro-analyses of the game in family planning in Chen Village. In micro-game analysis, the authers analyze the main means and strategies of game used by players. Based on the micro-analyses, the authers analyze the macro-game and try to clarify institutional change of family planning in the game and formalization of outcomes of games in past over 20 years. Four changes took place in the game of family planning in Chen Village(and neighboring areas). In the conclusion part, this paper puts forward the concept of “two-line-operating society” and finds the model of evolution of order.

  14. 植被及土壤对西藏飞蝗产卵的影响%Effect of Vegetation and Soil on Oviposition of Locusta migratoria tibetensis Chen

    李庆; 廖志昌; 杨刚; 封传红; 杨群芳; 罗怀海; 蒋春先; 王海建


    [目的]探索植被及土壤的理化性质对西藏飞蝗(Locusta migratoria tibetensis Chen)产卵量及产卵分布的影响.[方法]采用室外及室内笼罩模拟法,利用三因子二次回归通用旋转组合设计构建西藏飞蝗产卵选择模型.[结果]西藏飞蝗对不同植被的土壤有产卵选择性,其中草地和青稞地的产卵量最大(分别为36.03%和21.20%).土壤的理化性质能显著影响西藏飞蝗对产卵地的选择,其中含盐量、含水量和pH值影响最大.单因素分析表明在试验设置的含盐量区间内选择产卵量随含盐量的增加而急剧减少,而含水量和pH值各有一最适值.双因素分析表明3个因素之间有一定的互作影响,其中含盐量的影响最大.统计频率优化法得出最适宜产卵的土壤综合指标为含盐量0.08%-0.12%、含水量2.91%-3.75%、pH7.35-7.65.[结论]西藏飞蝗在不同的植被上生活,其产卵量差异显著.土壤含盐量、含水量和pH值显著影响西藏飞蝗产卵选择性.%[Objective] The objective of this study is to explore the effect of vegetation and soil physical and chemical properties on fecundity and oviposition distribution of Locusta migratoria tibetensis Chen. [Method] Three-factor quadratic regression general rotary combination experimental design was used to construct oviposition preference model of L. Migratoria tibetensis by using the caging simulation method in laboratory and field. [Result] L. Migratoria tibetensis had oviposition preference on different land soils, and had the highest fecundity in the grassland and barley field (36.03% and 21.20%, respectively). The soil physical and chemical properties had significant effects on oviposition preference. The salt content, water content and pH value had a great effect on oviposition preference. Single factor analysis showed that the fecundity decreased rapidly as the salt content increased in salt content intervals, but the water content and pH value

  15. 参苓白术散加味治疗肺癌骨转移的临床研究%Clinical Study on Analgesic Effect of Shen-ling-bai-zhu Powder on Pain in Bone Metastasis of Lung Cancer

    丰哲; 练克俭; 林宗汉; 李书振; 陈涛; 程琦


    目的:观察参苓白术散加味治疗肺癌骨转移的疗效。方法:将128例本病患者随机分为治疗组和对照组各64例。治疗组采用参苓白术散加味治疗,对照组采用帕米膦酸二钠、塞来西布结合支持疗法治疗。观察比较两组患者镇痛效果、生存质量、生存期。结果:治疗组脱落5例,对照组脱落8例;综合疗效总有效率治疗组为66.1%,对照组为44.6%,治疗组优于对照组(P<0.05);止痛效果总有效率治疗组为71.2%,对照组为42.9%,治疗组优于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);生活质量的改善对照组提高率为28.6%,治疗组提高率为59.3%,治疗组优于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);两组治疗前后体重变化、两组生存期比较,差异均无统计学意义(P>0.05);治疗组治疗后白细胞计数优于对照组(P<0.05);并能显著改善恶心呕吐、便秘(P<0.01)。结论:参苓白术散加味能较好地缓解肺癌骨转移疼痛,提高生存质量,而且未见明显毒副作用。%Objective: To observe the analgesic effect on pain by Shen-ling-bai-zhu powder in bone metastasis of lung cancer. Methods: 128 patients were randomly divided into treatment and control groups, 64 cases in each group. Patients were treated with Shen-ling-bai-zhu powder, and pamidronate disodium and celecoxib, combined with support therapy in control group. The analgesic effect, quality of life, survival rate was observed. Results: The displacement was 5 and 8 cases respec-tively in treatment and control group; The total comprehensive effective rate was 66.1% and 44.6% respectively in treatment and control group, the effect of treatment group was significantly better than the control group (P<0.05); The comprehensive ef-fective rate of analgesic was 71.2% and 42.9% respectively in treatment and control group, the effect of treatment group was significantly better than the

  16. Comparison of anti-inflammatory and anti-nociceptive activities of Curcuma wenyujin Y.H. Chen et C. Ling and Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi.

    Zhou, Jue; Qu, Fan; Zhang, Hang-Jun; Zhuge, Xiao-Hong; Cheng, Liang-Zhong


    The study aimed to compare the anti-inflammatory and anti-nociceptive activities of Curcuma wenyujin Y.H. Chen et C. Ling (Curcuma wenyujin) and Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi (Scutellaria baicalensis). This study used three parts to compare the two herbs. Firstly, animals were randomly divided into a Scutellaria baicalensis group, a Curcuma wenyujin group, an indomethacin group, and a model-control group to perform an ear edema test, a carrageenin-induced paw edema test, a cotton pellet-induced granuloma formation test, and an acetic acid-induced writhing test. Secondly, model rats with pelvic inflammation were established, and the serum levels of TNF-α and IL-6 in each group was detected with the Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA). Thirdly, pharmacokinetics analysis of Scutellaria baicalensis and Curcuma wenyujin was conducted on the model rats. The ear edema test, carrageenin-induced paw edema test, cotton pellet-induced granuloma formation test, and acetic acid-induced writhing test all showed that Curcuma wenyujin had stronger anti-inflammatory and anti-nociceptive effects than Scutellaria baicalensis. There is significant difference between the effects of Curcuma wenyujin and Scutellaria baicalensis on the levels of TNF-α and IL-6 for the model rats. Curcuma wenyujin decreased the levels of TNF-α and IL-6 more than Scutellaria baicalensis. The pharmacokinetics analysis showed that curcumol's Tmax, Cmax, and the area under the curve (AUC) were all higher than baicalin's. This study indicated that for pelvic inflammation, Curcuma wenyujin had better anti-inflammatory and anti-nociceptive effects than Scutellaria baicalensis.

  17. CHEN Ying's Treating Experience on Polycystic Ovary Syndrome%陈莹治疗多囊卵巢综合征经验



    The clinical experience on polycystic ovary syndrome of professor CHEN Ying ( director of obstetrics and gynecology department, Affiliated Hospital of Liaoning University of Traditional Chinese Medicine ) was introduced in this article. Etiology and pathogenesis of polycystic ovary syndrome have direct relationship with kidney, spleen and liver. Spleen deficiency producing phlegm, phlegm stagnation due to vital gate fire declining, liver depression and blood stasis all lead to polycystic ovary syndrome, such as hairiness, obesity, amenorrhea and infertility, etc. Treatment discipline should combine syndrome differentiation and disease differentiation, with the method of warming and inforcing kidney-Yang, strengthening spleen and reducing phlegm, soothing liver and eliminating blood stasis. And administration should be given according to menstruation cycles. At the same time psychological counseling is given together and more exercise is needed to reduce weight.%介绍陈莹教授辨治多囊卵巢综合征的临床经验.多囊卵巢综合征的病因病机与肾脾肝三脏有直接的关系,脾虚生痰、命门火衰、痰浊不化、肝郁血瘀共同导致了多囊卵巢综合征多毛、肥胖、闭经、不孕等症状.治疗应辨证与辨病相结合,以温补肾阳、健脾化痰、疏肝祛瘀为大法,并注意月经行经周期节律诱导用药,同时配合心理疏导、加强锻炼降低体重.

  18. The Methodological Significance of Chen Xianzhang’s Philosophy of the Mind%陈献章心学的方法论意义



    陈献章心学的方法论意义,直接落在价值的形而上层次上,具有境界论的意味。他将发端于先秦道家的天道自然观,转化为心本的价值形而上形态,“以自然为宗”亦成为其心性修养理论的根本宗旨和价值取向,“道”已经不是主体和客体相对应的某个确切规定性的对象化存在,因此,“自然”表现为个体在悟道养心过程中,抛却一切外在的诱惑而长保此心灵明无物的状态。%The methodological significance of Chen Xianzhang’s philosophy of the mind Falls directly on the value of the metaphysical level and has the meaning of the realm theory.He transferred the divine nature view which originated from Taoism into the state of metaphysical value of the mind.“Nature Laws”has become the fundamental purpose and values its concentric cultivation theory.“Dao”is not the subject and object of an object corresponding to the exact requirements of existence.Therefore,“Nature”is repre-sented as the state of an individual’s mind who gives up all external temptations in the process of enlight-enment and keep the purity forever.

  19. Measuring the impact of a 3D simulation experience on nursing students' cultural empathy using a modified version of the Kiersma-Chen Empathy Scale.

    Everson, Naleya; Levett-Jones, Tracy; Lapkin, Samuel; Pitt, Victoria; van der Riet, Pamela; Rossiter, Rachel; Jones, Donovan; Gilligan, Conor; Courtney-Pratt, Helen


    To determine the effect of immersive 3D cultural simulation on nursing students' empathy towards culturally and linguistically diverse patients. Accelerated globalisation has seen a significant increase in cultural diversity in most regions of the world over the past forty years. Clinical encounters that do not acknowledge cultural factors contribute to adverse patient outcomes and health care inequities for culturally and linguistically diverse people. Cultural empathy is an antecedent to cultural competence. Thus, appropriate educational strategies are needed to enhance nursing students' cultural empathy and the capacity to deliver culturally competent care. A one-group pretest, post-test design was used for this study. The simulation exposed students to an unfolding scene in a hospital ward of a developing county. A convenience sample of second-year undergraduate nursing students (n = 460) from a semi-metropolitan university in Australia were recruited for the study. Characteristics of the sample were summarised using descriptive statistics. T-tests were performed to analyse the differences between pre- and post simulation empathy scores using an eight item modified version of the Kiersma-Chen Empathy Scale. Students' empathy towards culturally and linguistically diverse patients significantly improved after exposure to the 3D simulation experience. The mean scores for the Perspective Taking and Valuing Affective Empathy subscales also increased significantly postsimulation. The immersive 3D simulation had a positive impact on nursing students' empathy levels in regards to culturally and linguistically diverse groups. Research with other cohorts and in other contexts is required to further explore the impact of this educational approach. Immersive cultural simulation experiences offer opportunities to enhance the cultural empathy of nursing students. This may in turn have a positive impact on their cultural competence and consequently the quality of care they

  20. Supplementary studies on Myxobolus tsangwuensis Chen, 1954 (Myxozoa: Myxosporea) infecting the gills of common carp Cyprinus carpio (L.): molecular and histological data.

    Huang, Mingjun; Liu, Yang; Jia, Luo; Zhai, Yanhua; Deng, Qiong; Gu, Zemao


    Myxobolus tsangwuensis Chen, 1954 is a common parasite infecting the gills of common carp Cyprinus carpio (L.). It was described simply in the original description and its molecular data was absent, which makes the accurate diagnosis challenging. Here we supplemented its description based on the morphological, histological and molecular data. It was characterized by the presence of small round or ellipsoidal plasmodia in the gills of host and histology showed the plasmodia developed in the capillary network of the gill lamella. Mature spores of M. tsangwuensis were ellipsodal in frontal view and lemon shaped in lateral view, averaging 11.2 ± 0.7 (10.2-12.5) μm × 9.3 ± 0.3 (8.5-10.0) μm × 6.2 ± 0.4 (5.5-7.0) μm. Spores valves were symmetrical and smooth. Occasionally, a small intercapsular appendix was observed. Two polar capsules were pyriform with different sizes, measuring 5.0 ± 0.2 (4.4-5.3) μm × 3.1 ± 0.1 (2.9-3.5) μm and 3.9 ± 0.2 (3.4-4.3) μm × 2.5 ± 0.2 (2.0-2.8) μm, respectively. Polar filaments coiled five to seven turns in large polar capsule and three to four turns in the small polar capsule. Some spores were surrounded by the mucous envelope that was not recorded in the original description. Molecular analysis revealed that the present SSU rDNA sequences did not match any available sequences in GenBank and phylogenetic analysis showed M. tsangwuensis was sister to M. basilamellaris and M. musseliusae.

  1. 陈济棠的经济思想与实践之得失%The Pros and Cons of Chen Jitang' s Economic Theory and Practice



    During his presiding over Guangdong Province, Chen Jitang carried out plans to develop its economy and made much progress, fulfilling its modernization. His theory about planned development of society, public and private economic development led by state capital, and comprehensive social development containing science, technology and education can give us some lessons and shed light on our cause of social development. We should give critical judgment to historical figures like Cben Jitang because his contributions to the economic development of Guangdong Province under such poor historical conditions were valuable.%陈济棠主政广东8年,实施了经济社会发展计划,并取得显著成效,实现了广东的全面近代化。他关于经济社会有计划发展的思想,关于国家资本主义主导下官民并举的思想,关于农业是国民经济之本的思想,关于科技与教育纳入经济社会发展全局的思想,对于我们吸取历史经验和发展社会主义事业有一定借鉴意义。我们对历史人物必须历史地辩证地给予评价,陈济棠在当时的历史条件下能作出如此贡献是十分难能可贵的。

  2. Globalization’s Impact on the Chinese War Machine


    until the rise of the pro-independence Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) propelled into the Taiwan presidency Chen Shui -bian, who denounced...Syria, Pakistan, and Iran. Taiwan’s Current State President Chen Shui -bian’s hard-line position to formalize Taiwan’s independence spelled doom for...Satellite (ASAT) Test (January 11, 2007): China conducted its first successful ASAT test by destroying an old Chinese weather satellite ( Feng -Yun-1C

  3. Chen's Theorem with Small Primes

    Ying Chun CAI


    Let N be a sufficiently large even integer. In this paper it is proved that the equationN = p + P2, p ≤ N0.95,is solvable, where p denotes a prime and P2 denotes an almost prime with at most two prime factors.

  4. Chen's Theorem with Small Primes

    Yingjie LI; Yingchun CAI


    Let N be a sufficiently large even integer. Let p denote a prime and P2 denote an almost prime with at most two prime factors. In this paper, it is proved that the equation N - p+ P2 (p ≤ AT0.945) is solvable.

  5. Classical Music Fan Chen Li


    The heyday of Beijing’s classical music beganin 1993, when top-quality sound equipment andrecords were imported. Also in that year, BeijingMusic Radio presented a classical music programtitled "Fan’s Club" and founded the "Music and

  6. 湖南柑橘大实蝇对不同柑橘品种的危害特点研究初报%The Damage Characteristics of Tetradacus citri Chen on Different Citrus Varieties in Hunan Province

    林文力; 杨水芝; 潘美山; 陈海玲; 黄泽培; 龙建国; 肖伏莲


    采用定点观察和普查的方式对湖南省吉首市、麻阳县柑橘大实蝇的危害特点进行了研究.结果表明:柑橘大实蝇对不同柑橘品种的危害时间由早到晚依次为:脐橙>温洲蜜柑>冰糖橙≥大红甜橙=广柑>椪柑;其危害最严重的品种是脐橙,虫果率达63%,其次是早熟温洲蜜柑和冰糖橙,达22%,再次是椪柑,达6%;同时还发现,柑橘不同品种果皮表面存在产卵假痕迹现象.这些结果可为柑橘大实蝇的防治提供理论参考依据.%The damage characteristics of Tetradacus citri Chen in Mayang County, Jishou City, Hunan Province were investigated by fixed-point observation method and general survey method. The results indicated that the harm time of Tetradacus citri Chen on different varieties of citrus ordered as navel orange>satsuma mandarin>Citrus sinensis ^Citrus sineasis Osbeck cv. Dahong= Citrussinensis (L.) Osbeck >Citrus reticulata Blanco cv. Ponkan; the damage level of Tetradacus citri Chen on different varieties of citrus ordered as navel orange>early mature satsuma mandarin and Citrus sinensis >dtrus reticulata Blanco cv. Ponkan, and the insect infestation ratio of navel orange, early mature satsuma mandarin, Citrus sinensis and Citrus reticulata Blanco cv. Ponkan was 63%, 22%, 22% and 6%, respectively. Meanwhile, the research also showed that there are fake oviposition traces of Tetradacus citri Chen on the Peels of different varieties of citrus. These results above can provide the theory basis for the control of Tetradacus citri Chen.

  7. 再论陈去病在南社史上的地位和作用%A Second Probe into CHEN Qubing’ s Status and Role in Nanshe’ s History



    As Nanshe’s first president, CHEN Qubing was often referred to as Nanshe’s chief league leader, general league leader or president-general by Nanshe participants such as GAO Xu, LIU Yazi, PANG Shubo, and so on.Nanshe’ s key figures were often arranged as CHEN-GAO-LIU in order of importance, and CHEN Qubing always occupied the first place in Nansh’ s mail list.There has already been historically settled agreement as who was Nanshe’ s first figure.CHEN Qubing not only foun-ded Nanshe, but also committed himself to Nanshe’ s undertaking and promotion.Besides eliminating conflicts and crises at that time, he strived to revive Nanshe bonds even long after its decay, so Nanshe was tightly bound with CHEN Qubing’ s name, de-spite that LIU Yazi also contributed greatly to Nanshe’ s cause.%陈去病为南社第一任社长,历史当事人高旭、柳亚子、庞树柏等均称陈为南社主盟、盟长、总社长。南社核心人物按“陈高柳”顺序排序,南社通讯录中陈去病居首。谁是南社第一人,历史自身已经定位。陈去病首创南社,南社创立后,他拓展并力图提升南社事业,化解南社内部的矛盾和危机,延续南社脉流,至南社衰败时,仍力图接续南社前缘。南社与陈去病的名字紧紧连接在一起。当然,柳亚子对南社事业也做出了巨大的贡献。

  8. 从经典选择到不同思路之辩——简论朱子理气观的形成%A Defense for Classic Selection and Different Thinkings——A Concise Discussion on the Formation of Zhu Xi's Theory of Qi



    理气关系是朱子哲学的核心,也是宋明理学的核心论题。但朱子理气观的形成却是一个颇为复杂的过程,也几乎伴随了朱子的一生。大体说来,这一过程是从受教于李延平起始的,而以对《中庸》与《大学》之不同经典的选择展开的;至于从"中和"旧说到"中和"新说,则表明朱子宇宙论视野的初步形成;到了与张栻的"仁说"之辩,则既标志着其思想谱系的奠基,同时也代表着其理气双重视角的定型。%The relationship between ration and Qi is the core of Zhu Xi's philosophy and also the key subject of Neo-Confucianism in the Song and the Ming Dynasty.However,Zhu Xi experienced a rather complicated process to form his theory of ration and Qi,which cost nearly the whole of his life.Roughly speaking,this process started from Li Yanping's instructions he received,and went on by selecting from different classics of The Great Learning and The Golden Mean of the Confucian School.The transition from the old vision to the new vision of "neutralization" indicated the preliminary formation of Zhu's vision of cosmology.His debate with Zhang Shi on "the theory of benevolence" signaled both a foundation laid for the system of his theory and the finalization of his double perspective of ration and Qi.

  9. 由朱自清的浙江徬徨岁月管窥新文化青年的道路选择%An Inquiry into the Path Choice of the New Culture Youth with Zhu Ziqing's Case in Zhejiang



    The "wandering"experience of Zhu Ziqing in Zhejiang during 1920-1925 could be viewed as an integrated process, in which Zhu, as a contemporary of the "May Fourth Generation," loaded with the symbolic capital of the Movement, moved and blended into Chinese grass-roots community, and finally made a revert to central metropolis. Approached from the perspective of"path choice" and "combat in mind," Zhu's commonness and uniqueness among the New Culture group are illustrated in five aspects: position and stance, expression (genre), individual positioning in the time dimension, the choice of activity space, the attitudes towards"Beruf"and occupations.%朱自清1920—1925年于浙江八城八校的“徬徨”岁月能被看作从新文化中心城市承载了运动的“象征资本”的“五四一代”向中国基层社会移动、接触继而复归的难得完整过程。以“道路选择”和“意识斗争”为视角,从立场及姿态、表述(文体)、时间轴上的个体定位、空间/地方选择、“志业”及职业态度五方面观照朱自清的经历,可以见出其既叠印着新文化的时代波涛,又生成其独特性。

  10. From the Tragedy Philosophy to the liberated Image--Zhu Guangqian's experience type integration on Nietzsche's aesthetic%从悲剧哲学到形象解救——朱光潜对尼采美学“体验式”整合



    Nietzsche's Tragedy Philosophy is an important part of the western modern philosophy. Zhu Guangqian quotes and borrows from Nietzsche's theory such as Apollonian and Serenity, meanwhile, gives them bidirectional explanation and integration with Chinese classical poetics. Based on this context, Zhu Guangqian constructs his knowledge system of Aesthetic Art successfully, that is transforming Schopenhauer, Nietzsche's tragedy philosophy to the Aesthetic experience of Chinese language style, by art criti-cism of liberating image and interest image understanding of reality. Zhu Guangqian's Aesthetic Ideology and Aesthetic Methodology still have important implications in modern Literary Aesthetics and the construction of Comparative Poetics.%尼采的悲剧哲学是西方现代哲学的重要组成部分。朱光潜引用并借鉴了尼采理论的“日神”、“静穆”等思想,并与中国古典诗学进行双向阐释与整合。以此脉络,朱光潜成功建构了他的美学艺术学知识体系:以形象解救和情趣意象通达现实的艺术评判,将叔本华、尼采的悲剧哲学转化为中国话语言说方式的审美体验。朱光潜的美学思想和美学方法论在当代的文艺美学和比较诗学建设中,仍然具有较高的启示意义。

  11. 落花之咏:陈宝琛王国维吴宓陈寅恪之心灵诗学%Poetry of Falling Flowers:Mental Poetics of Chen Baochen,Wang Guowei,Wu Mi and Chen Yinke



    透过长达近百年的一组“落花诗”,挖掘近现代诗学一支深隐的心灵诗学谱系。即从陈宝琛到王国维、吴宓、陈寅恪,代代相传、自觉而灵心相通、有文化托命意识的一种精神传统。“落花之咏”成为认知的图式和抒情的背景,笼罩着众多繁杂深细的诗学书写。其中又隐藏着有关近现代诗与思、历史与政治、个人命运与家国大局、信仰与理性等论域的重大信息。在百年中国文学与文化的传统与变革大背景中,既属知识心灵的一种诗性记忆,亦不失为极富启示意义的一笔美学遗产。%Through poetry of falling flowers over the 100 years,explore a system of mental poetics in mod-ern times,which is a spiritual tradition from Chen Baochen,Wang Guowei,Wu Mi to Chen Yinke,with a consciousness of cultural task passing from generation to generation.“Poetry of falling flowers”becomes a cognitive schema and background to express feelings in many deep and detailed poetic writing,which covers important information on modern poetry and thinking,history and politics,personal fate and national situa-tion,belief and reason.In the 100 year background of Chinese literary and cultural traditions and transfor-mation,it is both a poetic memory of knowledge mind and significant aesthetic heritage.

  12. Chen Yangchun's Experience in Treating Edema with Five Substances Powder with Poria%陈阳春应用五苓散治疗水肿经验

    王振华; 耿振平; 赵章华


    The prominent symptoms of Five Substances Powder with Poria is "difficult urination",characterized by scanty urine,dripping urination even auria.Doctor Chen points out that clinically it takes "edema" as the main symptom and is the main clue for the use of Five Substances Powder with Poria.He proposes to differentiate cold and heat from tongue diagnosis since big difference exists in different individuals and many influence factors are changeable.For this reason,he attaches great importance to the tongue diagnosis.He holds that white and greasy tongue coating is the main tongue manifestation of Five Substances Powder but no obvious fever signs.For complicated with poor appetite,thirst,adverse flow of water,Minor Pinellia Decoction is combined;for complicated with dizziness,the dosage of Zexie (Rhizoma Alismatis) should be increased (generally 30g);for complicated with cough and asthma,palpitation,Tinglizi (Semen Lepidii) should be added.%五苓散证最突出的症状是“小便不利”,以小便量少,点滴不畅,甚至无尿为特点.而陈师发现,临床问诊中,患者常不明白此为何意,不能清楚表述,且发现小便量少,相应的出现全身浮肿居多 故陈师指出临床辨证以“水肿”为主症,是应用五苓散的主要线索.而辨寒热,陈师主张从舌诊来看,因脉诊个体差异较大,影响因素较多,变化多端,故陈师尤为重视舌诊,陈师指出,五苓散主要舌诊为苔白腻,主要强调没有明显热象患者兼纳差、口渴、水逆时,合用小半夏汤;兼眩晕者,加大泽泻用量,一般为30 g;咳喘心悸甚者,加葶苈子.

  13. 论陈复礼摄影创作的璀璨艺境%On the Shining Art Realm of Chen Fuli's Photography Works



    Having cherished an artist's deep concern and boundless love for the society and life, Mr. Chen Fuli made great art achievements during his decades of photography creation. On the basis of simplicity and truthfulness, his works expressed the tastes of life, such as the hardship of existence, the heroism of strug-gle as well as the joy and satisfaction of life. His conscious pursuit in the beauty of form in picture composition contained special implications, reflecting the author’s perceptions of philosophy in plain life phenomena. Par-ticularly, the essence of Chinese traditional aesthetics applied creatively in the modern art of photography not only carried forward the fine tradition, but also pushed forward photographic aesthetics to a higher realm.%  陈复礼先生抱着艺术家对社会对人生的深深关注和无限热爱,在数十年的摄影创作中,获得了巨大的艺术成就。他的作品让人感悟到生存的艰难与奋斗的豪迈,又表现出人们在生活中的欣喜与满足,在朴素真实的基础上表现着生活的情趣,在对画面构图的形式美的自觉追求中蕴涵着特殊的意味,在平实的生活现象中述说着作者感悟到的深刻的哲理。尤其是将中国传统美学的真髓,创造性地运用到摄影这一现代艺术中,既弘扬了中国美学的优秀传统,同时又把摄影艺术审美创造推向一个新的高峰。

  14. 教学艺术大师:被遮蔽的陈寅恪“肖像”%Chen Yinge and his hidden image of teaching master



    A teaching master is just w hat is implicitly portrayed of Chen Yinge ,w ho devotes more than half of his lifetime to the teaching of history and literature .His teaching is recognized as being creative , strict ,profound and helpful with the academic pursuit for the learners and shaping of their theoretical thinking .T his is know n as the academic foundation .%在学界为我们描绘的众多陈寅恪“肖像”中,教学艺术大师是被遮蔽的一个面相。事实上,陈寅恪作为一名大半生坚守大学教坛的史学、文学教授,在其教学实践中展示了深入人心、令人迷醉的教学艺术。这主要表现在:其教学实践具有新颖、严密、幽深、通达等四个显著特征;其教学活动在不期然间引领学生走入了特定的学术道路、形塑了学生的理论思维,从而为学生奠定了坚实而恒久的学术基础。当然,陈寅恪的教学实践之所以能够达到化境,并非幸至,而是有其睿智、庄严的生命形态作为根基的。其教学艺术,正是其崇高的文化使命感、独立精神、探求历史发展规律的情怀、渊博的知识、敏锐的洞察力等在教学活动中的自然投射。



    <正>20112705Chen Lin (Earthquake Administration of Fujian Province,Fuzhou 350002, China);Zhu Gengqing Quick Report System of Earthquake Disaster Based on Mobile Short -Message and Automatic Location Technology

  16. The application of HEC-RAS software in Zhu River dike failure flood simulation%HEC-RAS软件在珠江三角洲河道溃堤洪水模拟中的应用



    The River Delta one-dimensional unsteady flow model is constructed by using HEC-RAS software , and the model with Lateral Structure Breach is used to simulate Luogewei levee break process in Foshan City , around Huyong parking lot.The model simulation can get the discharge process of breach ,the water level of the river and the water level with different breach width and the repair time.The results show that the breach width is an important factor to influence the design water level.When the breach width reaches a certain value ,the design water level will tend to be stable.The levee break model based on HEC-RAS can simulate the levee break process combining with the local emergency flood fighting ,and it can provide a reliable technical sup-port for the design of parking lot located in the Zhu River Delta dike.%运用HEC-RAS软件构建珠江三角洲一维河网非稳定流水动力模型,利用该模型与侧向水工结构溃坝模块(Lateral Structure Breach),进行湖涌停车场所在佛山市罗格围的溃堤模拟计算。得到不同溃口宽度、溃口修复时间等条件下溃口处的流量过程、外江水位过程、围内水位过程。实例结果表明,溃口宽度是影响围内设计水位的重要因素,当溃口宽度达某一值时,围内设计水位将趋于稳定。基于HEC-RAS的溃堤模型可与当地防汛抢险相结合进行溃堤影响分析,可为珠江三角洲堤围内停车场设计提供可靠的技术支持,供借鉴。

  17. On Zhu Dongrun' s Theory of Biographical Literature and its Characteristic Complexity%论朱东润传记文学理论的独特性与复杂性



    Zhu Dongrun' s theory of biographical literature is constructed from the existent practices and theories of both ancient China and the West. The central concepts of Zhu' s theory include the renaming of the prevailing biographical literature into biographical narrative literature, the emphasis of the dual attributes of historical and literary of biographical literature while defining the connotation of biographical narrative. The claim of "the turn from events to people" has freed the biographical literature from its dependency on history, but the overemphasis of historical reliability may result in the negligence of literariness. The claim to characterize and reveal from life from the private sphere is subject to the influence from grand narrative. The paper thus demonstrates the characteristic complexity in Zhu' s theory of biographical literature.%朱东润的传记文学理论是建立在对中外传记理论的吸收、借鉴的基础上的。其相对完备的理论体系包括:把已经流行的传记文学改称传叙文学,体现了某种理论的自觉;强调传记文学的史学、文学双重属性,但对传记文学外延的界定比较严格;对“从事到人”的强调表明其将传记文学从历史的附庸地位中解放出来的努力,但对历史真实的过度关注导致了对艺术真实的忽视;强调从人格立论,强调私生活的描写,但又无法摆脱宏大叙事观念的影响。因此,朱东润的传记文学理论有其独特性,但也有其复杂性和矛盾性。

  18. The Famous Conductor,VuZhu Dokyi


    VUzhu Dokyi,now the head of the Tibetan Song and Dance Ensemble is a second-grade conductor of the state,a member of Chinese Musicians’Association,the vice-president of Tibetan Musicians’Association and a council member of the Chinese Chorus Artists’Association.In 1960 he was admitted to the Tianjin Conservatory of Music and followed Qiu Jianhua,the famous music educator,to learn violin.After graduation,he was first violin in the Tibetan Song and Dance Ensemble Orchestra.

  19. 抗战时期陈毅统一战线工作的特点%The Characteristics of Chen Yi's United Front Work during the Anti-Japanese War



    During the Anti-Japanese War, comrade Chen Yi took good use of his extraordinary courage and insight and superb struggle art as a politician and military strategist, adhered to the party's anti-Japanese national united front for promote all the power of unity and strive for unity to around our party and army, and stroke out one after another and the song of the sweep. In this period, the basic characteristics of comrade Chen Yi's united front work mainly include: forming a literary circle to make friends, and take full advantage of all kinds of contradiction to make more people be friends, and so on. Comrade Chen Yi's thoughts of united front still have certain reference significance for today's united front work.%抗日战争时期,陈毅同志以政治家、军事家的非凡胆识和高超的斗争艺术,坚持党的抗日民族统一战线。把一切可以争取和团结的力量争取团结到我党我军的周围,奏出了一曲曲军政全胜的凯歌。这一时期陈毅同志统战工作的基本特点主要有:身体力行,谓为表率;以文会友,广交朋友;真心纳谏,虚怀若谷;利用矛盾,化敌为友;关怀朋友,以诚待人。陈毅同志的统战思想对当今的统战工作仍具有一定的借鉴意义。

  20. The Cultural Shock Between the Horizon Fusion and Chen Kaige's Film Sacrifice%视界融合与陈凯歌版《赵氏孤儿》的文化冲突



    The dramatic conflict settings of Chen Kaige's film Sacrifice reflect his perspectives of culture and aesthetic. He not only hopes to expand the fusion of the self-horizon and the predecessors's horizon in diachronical dimensions, but also wants to impact the popular understanding and judgment by use of the modern art and mass media in order to obtain the broader horizon fusion in synchronical dimensions. However,Chen Kaige's adaption has not received the expected results. Dealing with the cultural conflict of morality and humanity incompetently and inadequately is the main reason that Chen Kaige's adaption is not very successful.%电影《赵氏孤儿》戏剧冲突的设置体现了陈凯歌的文化理念和审美取向,他不仅希望扩大的自我视界在历时性层面上成功地实现与前人视界的融合,还欲凭借现代艺术手段与公众传媒的力量去影响大众的理解和评判,从而在共时态的层面上达成更为广泛的视界融合。然而陈凯歌的艺术实践没有收到预期效果,在处理道义与人性的文化冲突时顾此失彼,力不从心,是其改编不算成功的主要原因。

  1. 蝙蝠蛾被毛孢虫草菌丝体粉对小鼠免疫调节作用的研究%Study on immunune regulation of mycelium of Hirsutella hepiali Chen et Shen in mice

    王彦武; 赵鹏; 李彬; 何励; 覃辉艳; 彭亮; 姚思宇


    目的 探讨蝙蝠蛾被毛孢虫草菌丝体粉对小鼠的免疫调节作用.方法 分别以200、400、800mg/kg BW剂量的蝙蝠蛾被毛孢虫草菌丝体粉经口给予小鼠连续灌胃30d后,进行各项免疫指标的测定.结果 蝙蝠蛾被毛孢虫草菌丝体粉剂量组与对照组比较能促进小鼠脾淋巴细胞增值、转化作用(R0.05),促进小鼠的迟发型变态反应(P<0.05),增强小鼠的单核-腹腔巨噬细胞吞噬能力(P<0.05),促进小鼠的抗体生成细胞增加及提高小鼠的血清溶血素水平(P<0.01和P<0.05),提高小鼠的NK细胞活性(P<0.01和P<0.05).结论 蝙蝠蛾被毛孢虫草菌丝体粉具有增强免疫力的功能.%Objeetive To explore the effect of Mycelium of Hirsutella hepiali Chen et Shen on the function of immunoregulation. Methods The mice were fed with mycelium of Hirsutella hepiali Chen et Shen at the doses of 200、400 and 800mg/kg.Bw for 30 days and then 7 indexes of immune function were measured to judge the effect of mycelium of Hirsutella hepiali Chen et Shen on immune system. Results The results of the test groups in comparison with the control group showed that transformation and proliferation of splenic lymphocyte were enhanced (P<0.05) and the late hairstyle allergy in mice was gearedup(P<0.05) ; The mononuclear celiac macrophage phagocytic activity was increased (.P<0.05) ;the quantity of the mice antibody—producing cell and the sheep erythrocyte antibody levels in serum were boosted (P<0.01 and P<0.05) and enhanced the activity of NK cells in mice(P<0.05). Conclusion It is suggested that mycelium of Hirsutella hepiali Chen et Shen could enhance immune function.

  2. 豆瓣兰的无菌播种与快速繁殖%Asepsis Sowing and in vitro Propagation of Cymbidum serratumr(Schltr)Y.S.Wu et S.C.Chen

    卜朝阳; 何荆洲; 闭志强; 董伟清; 严华兵


    @@ 1 植物名称豆瓣兰[Cymbidum serratum(Schltr)Y.S.Wu et S.C.Chen]. 2 材料类别种子. 3 培养条件种子萌发培养基:(1)MS+1 mg·L~(-1)BAP+10%椰子水;(2)改良Kyoto+1 mg·(-1)BAP+10%椰子水;(3)1/3MS+1 mg·L~(-1)BAP+10%椰子水.

  3. 《朱子语类》软硬反义概念词语类聚考%A Textual Research on Antithetical Words Denoting “Softness”and “Hardness”in Zhu Zi Yu-lei (朱子语类)



    The system of vocabulary is composed of individual words which are clustered together on the basis of meaning relationships. A lexical cluster denoting the same meaning is equivalent to a lexical field. There are many words and expressions found in Zhu Zi Yu-lei (朱子语类) , literally Classified conversations of Master Zhu, deno-ting the concepts of softness and hardness respectively. This paper presents an investigation into the network of lexi-cal clustering under which antithetical words denoting softness and hardness are subsumed.%词汇系统由一个个概念词语类聚互相关联构成,同一概念的词语类聚相当于一个词汇场。《朱子语类》中表达软硬概念的有“柔、软、坚、硬、刚、顽”等词,形成以这些词及其组合的词语为核心而聚合其他词汇成分的软硬概念词语聚合网络。

  4. 朱虹译作中女性主义意识分析——以《女人的“一样”和“不一样”》为例%Feminist Consciousness in Zhu Hong's Translation of "Are Women as Good as Men"



    女性主义翻译观认为翻译就是女性译者寻求彰显其女性主体,创建政治话语生存空间的重要途径。文章借鉴女性主义翻译观分析朱虹译作《女人的"一样"和"不一样"》中的女性主义意识因素,进而指出:朱虹运用女性主义翻译策略凸现女性意识,从理论到实践贯彻了她的女性主义主张,为我国翻译实践提供了一种经典的实践方式。%Feminism translation believes that translation is an important means for female translators to convey their subjectivity and build up a space for their political discourse.From the perspective of feminist translation theory,the paper analyzes the factors of feminist consciousness in Zhu Hong's translation of "Are Women as Good as Men",arguing that Zhu successfully used the feminist translation strategies to highlight the feminist consciousness and implement her feminist claim both in her practice and theory,which has provided a classic example for translation.

  5. 朱载堉才是“需求层次理论”的鼻祖--且更独特,更显棋高一着%It States that It was the Chinese Scientist Zhu Zai Yu in Ming Dynasty that Firstly PutForward the Hierarchy Theory of Needs---Which was Superior and More Unique



    Academics in the past consider the American psychologist Abraham Maslow as the founder of the hierarchy theory of needs. However,the latest study results from the author have overthrown such kind of biases.It states that it was the chinese scientist Zhu Zai Yu in Ming dynasty that firstly put forward the hierarchy theory of needs which was about 360 years as earlier as Maslow.Also ,the knowledgement from Zhu Zai Yu is suoerior and more unique than that from Maslow.%以往学术界都把美国心理学家马斯洛奉为需求层次理论的鼻祖;但最新的研究成果,彻底推翻了这一陈见,认为中国明朝的科学家朱载堉才是需求层次理论的鼻祖,比美国人马斯洛还要早约三百六十多年,且朱载堉对需求层次的认知,要比马斯洛更独特,更显棋高一着。

  6. 沉没在沉默里——沉樱婚恋小说解读%Sank in Silence:the Explanation about the Love and Marriage Novel by Chen-Ying



    The feminine writers of 54's time often hold a "free love" and "self-marriage" standpoint in the description of love. However, those women with this "free" idea about love will be able to obtain happiness? This is the theme that Chen Ying's marriage novel repeat to inquiry. Chen Ying have taken care of and restored the situation of women in marriage by women experience in live of herself: the distress caused by the easily changed love and the despair caused by wanting to stop love but cannot.%"五四"时期的女性作家在叙写爱情时,往往秉持着"恋爱自由"和"婚姻自主"的大义.但是,秉持这种"自由"的爱情理念,女性就能获得幸福吗?这是沉樱婚恋题材小说中反复叩问的主题.沉樱以女性自身生命体验,观照和还原女性艰辛的婚恋境遇:爱之易于变迁的痛苦,欲罢不能的绝望.

  7. "Chen Suan gynecological fill solution" of spleen and gynecological diseases from treatment are discussed. Features%《陈素庵妇科补解》从脾胃论治妇产科疾病特色探讨

    陈丽; 尤昭玲


    The "chen suan gynecological fill solution "attaches great importance to the spleen in women with thoughts,the tyre, during dialectical use. Chen elaborated by obstetrical and gynecological diseases with blood disorders, pathogenesis will first, spleen and weak relied heavily TDS spleen transfers, use more did the spleen, tonifying spleen qi benefiting stomach and the kidneys and the spleen, stomach temperature, using gentle drug treatment such method, multi-purpose raise the product, spleen protecting stomach can emulate deconstruction.%非常重视脾胃思想在女性经、带、胎、产中的辨证运用.陈氏阐述妇产科疾病病机必以气血失调、脾胃虚弱为先,辨证论治尤重脾胃调补,多采用行气健脾、补脾健胃、益肾健脾、温中和胃等法治疗,用药平和,多用养脾护胃之品,可供后学效法.

  8. 澄江学派传人陈应龙先生针灸学术特色%Academic features of CHEN Ying-long of the Chengjiang acupuncture school

    孟宪军; 孙孝忠


    陈应龙先生是我国近现代著名的针灸学家、澄江针灸学派创始人承淡安先生的亲传弟子之一.通过收集整理陈应龙先生的论文和医案,梳理其对澄江针灸学派的继承和发扬,发现其针灸学术特色主要表现为:注重练气练指力,手法善用子午补泻,疑难杂病善用灸法,慢性病善用组穴治疗,善治狂疾,常深取风府.%CHEN Ying-long is a famous acupuncturist in modern China. He is one of the disciples of CHENG Dan-an who is considered as the initiator of the Chengjiang acupuncture school. Through collecting and sorting of CHEN's theses and medical records which carried on and developed the Chengjiang acupuncture school, it is found that his academic features of acupuncture manifested in the following points; attaching importance on practice of qi and finger forces valuing the reinforcing and reducing manipulations according to midnight-noon and ebb-flow doctrine; utilizing moxibustion to treat difficult and complicated diseases; applied group points to treat chronic diseases; good at treating manic type of mental disorder with deep acupuncture at Fengfu (GV 16).

  9. An Incomplete Survey of Wang Yao's and Chen Pingyuan's Academic Research%沿着鲁迅的道路--对王瑶与陈平原之学术研究的不完全考察



    In the inheritance and development of Lu Xun's academic research achievements, Wang Yao and Chen Pingyuan are prominent representatives, for the studies on the setup of the modern Chinese academic system initiated by Wang Yao and carried forward by Chen Pingyuan has once exerted a greater influence on relevant re-searches in the late 20th century. In Scholars' Lives in Medieval Times can be discerned not only Lu Xun's impact on Wang Yao regarding Lu Xun's idea of the literary creation and viewpoints of scholars in Wei and Jin dynasties but also Wang Yao's expansion and innovation on the basis of relevant studies on Lu Xun. In the wake of Wang Yao, Chen Pingyuan has studied the history of the 20th-century Chinese novels and surveyed the modern academic history, thus having shown his strong consciousness of the academic history and his perspective as a historian. Mo-reover, based on his inheritance of Lu Xun's view on writing the literary history, Chen Pingyuan has proposed his own theoretical supposition on writing the modern literary history and has made some beneficial attempt. Chen will, in time, have more success in this aspect.%在承继和发展鲁迅的学术研究成果方面,王瑶和陈平原师生二人是较为突出的代表,由王瑶首倡并由陈平原继之的有关中国现代学术体系建立的研究,曾对20世纪末的相关研究产生了较大影响。在《中古文人生活》中,不仅可见王瑶所受鲁迅有关魏晋文人创作及思想观点的影响,更可发见王瑶在鲁迅相关研究基础上的拓展与创新。王瑶之后,陈平原所作有关20世纪中国小说史的研究以及关于现代学术史的考察等,都显示出其较强的学术史意识和史家眼光,他本人也在承继鲁迅的文学史撰写理念基础上,对现代的文学史书写提出了自己的理论构想并作出有益的尝试。假以时日,他当能在这方面有更大的成就。

  10. 奉献精神与文化自觉--从一个方面解读陈伟南先生的人生价值观%On Dedication Spirit and Cultural Consciousness--One-Aspect Interpretations of Mr. Chen Weinan's Value of Life



    The motto of Mr. Chen Weinan is"the value of life lies in dedication and the success in busi-ness depends on endeavor". Mr. Chen enjoys a good name both in integrity and ability, and always thinks of the source of becoming rich. First, chen has a high cultural consciousness and a spirit of dedication, laying stress on the importance of humanistic spirit inheritance and liberal education, and giving long-term support for the construction of cultural cause. Second, with an international vision, Chen has the "cultaral interaction" con-sciousness. With a compatible cultural attitude, Chen carries forward the fine cultural tradition.%  陈伟南先生的座右铭是:“人生的价值在于奉献,事业的成功在于努力。”他德才双馨,富而思源。首先,先生具有高度的文化自觉和奉献精神,一直强调人文精神承传和人文教育的重要性,并长期践行支持文化事业建设。其次,先生具有世界视野和“互动认知”的文化意识,以“海纳百川”的文化态度,弘扬优秀人文传统。

  11. 朱熹《仪礼经传通解》对《礼记》经、传的界定%Distinction of the Jing and Zhuan of Li Ji in Zhu Xi’s General Commentary of Jing and Zhuan of Yi Li



    In the title “General Commentary of Jing and Zhuan of Yi Li” “Jing” refers to Yi Li and“Zhuan” refers to the classical texts Li Ji Zhou Li etc.On this premise Zhu Xi attaches the texts in Li Ji such as Guan Yi to the texts in Yi Li such as Guan Li.But much of Yi Li was lost with most of the remaining parts being Shi Li it is not often the case that the two books can be joined neatly while Zhu Xi’s blueprint of the book of Li covers not only Shi Li but also the rituals in family Xiang Xue country and kingdom.The lacking of texts in Yi Li forces Zhu Xi to seek in other texts among which Li Ji is used and split most.How does Zhu Xi place Li Ji in his General Commentary? What is the criteria to distinct Jing and Zhuan of Li Ji? While current researches focuses on how Zhu Xi treats Yi Li how Zhu Xi treats Li Ji in his General Commentary is also crucial.In this article we compares the texts from Li Jiin the General Commentary with the original texts and finds out that Zhu Xi ignoring Li Ji being a classic did heavy rearrangement to Li Ji and in view of practical Li Xue basing on the classics created theoretical basis of a new system of rituals.%《仪礼经传通解》中,“经”指的是《仪礼》,“传”指的是《礼记》《周礼》等其他经书。在此前提下,朱熹将《仪礼》的〈冠礼〉等篇,分别以《礼记》的〈冠义〉各篇作为主从关系配附。但《仪礼》佚失颇多,所存多为士礼,能将二礼整整齐齐相配合的情况有限。然朱熹心目中的礼书蓝图,不仅仅着眼于士礼,而是涵盖家、乡、学、邦国、王朝各个层面的礼仪。《仪礼》经文的不敷使用,迫使朱熹不得不转向寻求其他各经的内容以弥补《仪礼》经文的不足。其中,以《礼记》使用最多、拆分最散。朱熹在《通解》中如何定位《礼记》一经?界定《礼记》经、传的标准是什么?当研究焦点都放在朱熹如何整理《仪

  12. Resistance to Qian soup ZhuSheKa interface sp6 joint foot acupoint treatment of chronic urticaria nucleic acid bacteria polysaccharide 30 cases curative effects%抗荨湯联合足三里穴位注射卡介菌多糖核酸治疗慢性荨麻疹30例疗效观察



    Objective: To observe Qian soup (bachelor since resistance points to ZhuSheKa sp6 joint foot fungus polysaccharide nucleic acid injection interface. Brand name: ji Sue, zhejiang million horses pharmaceutcal Co. Production. The curative effect of treating chronic urticaria. Methods Selected 60 cases were randomly divided into two groups: treatment group of 30 cases Qian soup to fight ZhuSheKa interface sp6 joint foot fungus polysaccharide acupuncture treatment of nucleic acid injection, four weeks. 30 cases in oral chlorobenzene that sensitivity to 4mg, three times/d, cimetidine 0. 2 g, 2 times a/d; Two groups of course are for 1 month, 2 months after the completion of course judge curative effect, and were followed up for half a year. Results The treatment group and control group 70% , 90% efficiency was statistically significant difference (P<0. OS ) -Conclusion Qian resistance points ZhuSheKa sp6 joint foot soup of nucleic acid injection dielectric bacteria polysaccharide treatment of chronic nettle has good curative effect, and clinical application.%目的:观察抗荨汤联合足三里穴位注射卡介菌多糖核酸注射液治疗慢性荨麻疹的疗效.方法:将入选的60例患者随机分为两组,各30例,治疗组予抗荨汤联合足三里穴位注射卡介菌多糖核酸注射液治疗,隔日1次;对照组予口服氯苯那敏4mg,3次/d,西咪替丁0.2g,2次/d;两组疗程均为1个月,疗程结束后2个月时判定疗效,并随访半年.结果:治疗组有效率90%,对照组70%,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论:抗荨汤联合足三里穴位注射卡介菌多糖核酸注射液治疗慢性荨麻疗效好,值得临床选用.

  13. 基于能值分析的长株潭城市群生态经济系统演变态势分析%Evolutionary Tendency of Ecological-economic System in Chang-Zhu-Tan City Cluster Based on Emergy Analysis

    楚芳芳; 蒋涤非


    With emergy method we studied the emergy flow, a variety of emergy indices of the social economic natural subsystem and the change trend of sustainable development index in Chang-Zhu-Tan city cluster ecological-economic system from 2000 to 2009. The result showed: Chang-Zhu-Tan city cluster ecological-economic system was middledeveloping level, relied mainly on local resources, increasing the external input emergy, the growing strength of economic development, the rapid increase of industrialization and information level, but a downward trend of emergy production and use in efficiency, adding up to environmental loading rate, presenting an unsustainable trend. According to the results Chang-Zhu-Tan city. cluster eco-economic system development strategies were put forword to transform economic development, improve harmony between economic social development and the natural environment, promote the "trinity" of structural stability, functional efficiency and sustainable development,to enter the benign and healthy development track.%采用能值理论与分析方法,研究2000-2009年长株潭城市群生态经济系统的能值流量,社会经济自然子系统各能值指标和可持续发展指数的变化趋势。结果表明:长株潭城市群生态经济系统正处于中级发展水平,经济发展主要依赖本地资源,外界输入能值逐渐增加,经济开发强度不断扩大,工业化和信息化水平飞速提高,但能源生产和利用的效率呈现下降的趋势,环境负荷率不断增大,系统呈现不可持续的发展趋势。根据此结果提出了长株潭城市群生态经济系统的发展对策,以便转变经济发展方式,提高经济社会发展与自然生态环境的和谐程度,促进结构的稳定性,功能的高效性及发展的持续性的“三位一体”,使其进入良性健康的发展轨道。

  14. 朱氏头皮针留针配合肢体训练对急性脑梗死后痉挛性瘫痪神经功能缺损的影响%Effect on the Neurological Deficits of Spastic Hemiplegia after Acute Cerebral Infarction Exerted by the Practice of Zhu Scalp Acupuncture (needle retention required) Coordinated with Limbs Training

    王京军; 金章安; 梁頔; 崔译心


    Objective: To observe the effect of the neurological deficits of spastic hemiplegia after acute cerebral infarction treated by the practice of Zhu scalp acupuncture (needle retention required) coordinated with limbs training. Methods: 72 patients were randomly divided into the trial group and the control group. Each group was administered basic treatment for the sake of stable blood pressure and the protection of cerebral cells. Meanwhile, the 2 groups were provided with intravenous injection of Shuxietong Injection,6 ml every time,once a day. Moreover, the trial group was given additional Zhu scalp acupunctural treatment once a day together with limbs training over 4 courses of treatment (5 days for each course,2 days interval). Results: It was revealed that the trial group demonstrated greater effectiveness in relieving muscle tension and stimulating the recovery of neurological deficits. Conclusion: The practice of Zhu scalp acupuncture (needle retention required ), coordinated with limbs training, at the early stage of spastic hemiplegia after acute cerebral infarction, improves hypermyotonia and the recovery of neurological deficits, as well as reduces the incidence of spastic hemiplegia.%目的 观察应用朱氏头皮针留针配合肢体训练对急性脑梗死后痉挛性瘫痪神经功能缺损的影响.方法 将72例患者随机分为治疗组和对照组,两组均给予稳定血压、脑细胞保护剂等基础治疗,并同时给予疏血通注射液6 mL静脉点滴,治疗组加用朱氏头皮针疗法和肢体功能训练,每日1次,疗程5d,间隔2d,继续第2疗程,共治疗4个疗程.结果 研究结果显示治疗组肌张力减轻和神经功能缺损恢复疗效均优于对照组.结论 急性脑梗死后痉挛性瘫痪早期进行朱氏头皮针留针配合肢体训练治疗可以缓解肌张力增高,促进神经功能缺损恢复,降低痉挛性瘫痪发生率.

  15. From Aesthetic Intuition to Aesthetic Distance---Zhu Guangqian ’ s the generation and variation of western aesthetics theory%从审美直觉到审美距离--朱光潜审美经验论的逻辑框架

    裴萱; 唐艺嘉


    朱光潜正是努力通过自身对中国古典诗论的理解,不仅将克罗齐的“直觉”从一种思辨式的哲学思考引申成为心理学上的美感体验,更是同时化用布洛的“距离说”和立普斯等人的“内模仿论”“移情说”,从美的凝神静观与自由“出入”出发,建构了“中国化”的现代美学。克罗齐的“直觉”被朱光潜改造成为凝神静观的艺术审美经验,布洛的“距离说”又构成了理论弥补的关键因子。从审美直觉到审美距离,构成了朱光潜审美经验论的逻辑框架与核心特质,其对中国古典文论的化用也给当代的异质性比较诗学注入了崭新的活力。%Through the understanding of Chinese classical poetry ,Zhu Guangqian not only extended Groce ’ s “gut feeling” from speculative philosophy thinking mode to the aesthetic psychological experience ,but at the same time constructed the modern Chinese aesthetics on the basis of Blow ’ s “Distance” and Lips ’ s “theory of imitation”,“empathy”.Groce’ s mind philosophy theory was transformed by Zhu Guangqian into a peaceful contemplation of aesthetic experience .Zhu Guangqian ’ s aesthetic empiricism included the aesthetic intuition and the aesthetic dis-tance,which was the core and the framework of his theory .It has injected new vitality to the application of Chinese classical literary theory and the heterogeneity of contemporary comparative poetics .

  16. 中药生精逐瘀汤联合手术治疗精索静脉曲张不育症患者的疗效观察%Clinical efficacy of Chinese traditional medicine Sheng Jing Zhu Yu Tang combined with operation in the treatment of patients with varicocele

    何思挺; 陈乐仲; 黄常青; 田小园; 陈球; 刘向崇


    Objective To observe the clinical effect of Sheng Jing Zhu Yu Tang for treating infertile patients with varicocele after varicocelectomy. Methods Eighty patients with varicocele were randomly divided into two groups, the experimental group (n=40) and control group (n=40). Patients in the experimental group took Sheng Jing Zhu Yu Tang after the operation, while those in the control group underwent operation only. The semen quality, sex hormone in the peripheral blood (testosterone, luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone), and the pregnancy rate of their spouse were observed before operation, 3 and 6 months after operation. Results The semen quality, peripheral blood testosterone and the pregnancy rate of their spouse in the experimental group were significantly better than those in the control group (P<0.05). Conclusion Sheng Jing Zhu Yu Tang could enhance the quality of sperm and semen in infertile patients with varicocele after varicocelectomy, improve and regulate their reproductive hormone disturbance to increase the pregnancy rate of their spouses.%目的 观察中药生精逐淤汤对精索静脉曲张不育患者手术后治疗的临床疗效.方法 将精索静脉曲张不育症患者80例随机分为实验组和对照组,各40例,实验组手术后予结合生精逐瘀汤治疗,对照组予单纯手术治疗.观察两组患者术前、术后3个月、6个月精液质量、外周血性激素(睾酮、黄体生成素和卵泡刺激素)以及配偶受孕率的情况.结果 实验组精液各参数、外周血T及术后配偶自然怀孕率均有明显提高,优于对照组(P<0.05).结论 生精逐淤汤对精索静脉曲张不育术后患者有提高精液质量、改善和调节生殖内分泌激素失调、增加配偶受孕率的作用.

  17. Supplement and Correction of Qian Mu's Fragment Memories of Teachers and Friends --A Textual Research of Life Story of Zhu Huaitian%对钱穆《师友杂忆》一则重要记述的补正——兼及朱怀天生平事迹考辨



    Mr. Qian Mu is one of important masters of Chinese learning. During his later years, he settled down on solitary island Taiwan where he wrote a memoirs named Fragment Memories of Teachers and Friends in his senior age. Owing to fading memory and without enough references, memory errors are inevitable. However, The flaws do not detract from the jade's essential beauty, and it is still an important historical record Chinese academic develop- ment with independent research value of in the 20th century. Through comparing Posthumous Manuscript of Songjiang Mr. Zhu Huaitian and Fragment Memories of Teachers and Friends, as well as complementing each other, this paper gradually distinguishes the life story of Mr. Zhu Huaitian, discarding the false and retaining the true, sup- plementing newly found materials, makes a efforts to completely reappear a whole process of social interaction be- tween Qian Mu and Zhu Huaitian.%钱穆先生是现代中国最为重要的国学大师之一。他晚年定居台湾,在记忆衰退,又无大量文献可供稽考的情况下,耄耋之年写作回忆录——《师友杂忆》,因此记述难免出现偏差。但瑕不掩瑜,此书仍旧是一部20世纪中国学术发展史的实录,有着它书所无法替代的研究价值。文章主要利用1921年7月印行的《松江朱怀天先生遗稿》与《师友杂忆》比较参证,逐次辨析朱怀天生平事迹,去伪存真,增补缺失,力图完整展现钱穆与朱怀天交往的全过程。

  18. The Self-criticism and Renewal of Zhuism and the Confluence of Zhu Xi and Lu Jiuyuan's Theory Centered on Wu Cheng's Zhongyong Study%朱子学的自我批判、更新与朱陆合流以吴澄中庸学为中心∗



    朱子学在后世传衍中逐渐显出异化为记诵口耳之学的一面,元代吴澄传承晚宋以来勉斋学派的批判创新精神,对朱子思想加以修正,彰显了潜伏已久的朱陆合流之思潮。以《中庸》诠释为例,草庐批评《中庸章句》过于精详而流于分裂,对全书章句作出了新的划分,突出尊德性对道问学的优先性,重新诠释“本心”概念,显示出宋元时期朱子学者经典诠释的创新能力,表明元代“朱陆合流”实为朱子学内部自我更新调适所至。%As time goes by,Zhuism has been gradually alienated to memory,fragmentary and hearsay knowledge.Wu Cheng in Yuan Dynasty,who inherited the spirit of criticism and innovation from Mi-anzhai School in late Song Dynasty,tried his best to amend the thought of Zhu Zi,highlighting the lurk i-deological trend of the confluence of Zhu Xi and Lu Jiuyuan's theory.Taking the annotation of Zhongyong as an example,Wu Cheng criticized that chapters and sentences in Zhongyong were too details to split and made a new division on the chapters.Meanwhile,he emphasized honoring virtuous nature prior to inquiry and knowledge,and reinterpreted the concept of "conscience".That shows the innovative annotation of classics of Zhuism scholars in Song-Yuan Dynasty and indicate that the ideological trend of confluence of Zhu Xi and Lu Jiuyuan's theory is the result of Zhuism's self-renewal and adjustment.

  19. The Extraordinary Contributions Made by Zhu De in Participating in and Leading the Nanchang Uprising and Founding the People's Army%朱德参与领导南昌起义和缔造人民军队的卓越贡献



    The Nanchang Uprising is the starting point from which the CPC created the people' s the major founders of the People' s Liberation Army, Zhu De participated in and led the uprising sumed the task of reserving the revolutionary kindling of the newly born people' s army at the army. As one of , and bravely as- critical moment when the remaining insurgents faced the hopeless situation. Before leading the army to Jinggangshan, he rectified the soldiers' mind to cultivate their revolutionary will, established a new military command system to reinforce the Party' s direct command over the newly born people' s army, and worked out irony discipline and transformed forms of battle to improve the survival and development abilities of the new army. At last, Zhu De led an army of more than ten thousand soldiers to join Mao Zedong' s army of the Autumn Harvest Uprising at Jinggangshan, composing the world -famous "Zhu -Mao Red Army".%南昌起义是中国共产党缔造人民军队的起点。朱德作为中国人民解放军的主要缔造者之一,他参与并领导了南昌起义,在南昌起义军余部面临绝境的关键时刻,勇担保存新生人民军队革命火种的重任。在转战上井冈山之前,他致力整顿思想,培养新生人民军队坚定的革命意志;建立新的军事指挥制度,加强党对新生人民军队的直接指挥;制定铁的纪律,转变作战形式,提高新生人民军队的生存和发展能力。最后,朱德带领万余人的革命武装上井冈山,与毛泽东领导的秋收起义部队会师,组成名扬天下的“朱毛红军”。

  20. 中国免疫皮肤病学的开拓者、吴阶平医学奖得主:陈洪铎%Prof.Chen Hongduo: the China Immune Dermatology Pioneer and Wu Jieping Medicine Prize Winner

    郭秀芝; 高兴华


    Prof.Chen Hongduo is an internationally-renowned expert in the field of dermatology and the first academician at the Academy of Dermatology and Venereology in China.In particular,he has been internationally recognized as the authority in relation to his research on the Langerhans cell,like its origin,distribution,conversion rules,surface antigen,immune function,pathology and closely related-keratinocytes studies.As a result,he made a systematic,creative,meaningful and significant contribution.In 2009,Prof.Chen was awarded the International Society of Dermatology Alliance Recognition Prize by the International Society of Dermatology Alliance,and this is the first time for Chinese to get the honor.In 2012,Prof.Chen was awarded the Wu Jieping Medicine Prize,which is known as China's Nobel Prize in the medical field.%陈洪铎,皮肤性病学界国际知名专家,我国皮肤性病学界首位院士.在皮肤免疫系统,尤其是关于朗格汉斯细胞的研究上,他被国际上公认为权威学者之一.在朗格汉斯细胞的来源、分布、转换规律、表面抗原、免疫功能、病理及与其密切相关的角质形成细胞研究中,他做出了系统的、创造性的、有实际意义的重大贡献.2009年陈洪铎被国际皮肤科学会联盟授予国际皮肤科学会联盟表彰奖,这是我国皮肤科医生首次获得该荣誉.2012年陈洪铎获吴阶平医学奖,该奖项被称为中国医学界的诺贝尔奖.

  1. Discussion of the Medication Characteristics for Amenorrhea Treated by Chen Zi-ming%陈自明治疗月水不通的用药特点探析

    相宏杰; 闫石; 刘艳辉; 刘桂荣


    The treatment characteristics of amenorrhea by Master Chen was summarized in the paper by studying relevant herbal formulas in Fu Ren Da Quan Liang Fang. Concerning to etiology, Master Chen thought that injury of blood and qi results in weakness of body and wind and cold pathogens invade the uterus . Those internal and external factors damage the Thoroughfare Vessel and the Conception Vcssel,leading to obstruction of blood flow in the uterus,thus amenorrhea happens. This disease focuses on dciiciency of qi and blood and invasion of wind and cold in etiology. Regarding with treatment, Master Chen emphasized on tonifying and promoting treatment to regulate menstruation. Thirty — four formulas for the treatment of amenorrhea were analyzed statistically. It was discovered that those formulas emphasized on nourishing blood and activating blood circulation. The ingredients were warm and neutral in nature and bitter, pungent and sweet in flavor. Most ingredients were in the insect category with strong action on promoting circulation. Additionally the medication usage was flexible and various. All of those reflect the treating principles of tonifying and promoting in menstrual regulation.%文章通过研究中有关妇人月水不通的方剂,总结陈氏治疗月水不通的特点.病因方面,陈氏认为妇人常由"劳伤血气致令体虚""受风冷邪气客于胞内"内外两方面因素损伤冲任,使胞络内血绝不通而经闭,病因重视气血亏虚、风冷乘袭.治疗方面,陈氏重视"补通"以调经.通过统计分析陈氏治疗月水不通的34首方剂,发现其用药方面具有重视养血活血,药性偏温平,药味多苦辛甘,善用虫类药攻坚通络,服药方法灵活多样等特点,均体现了"补通"以调经的治疗原则.

  2. 诗、思、史的完美融合--论朱德发人本主义、理性精神及其现代中国文学史学王国的构建%On Zhu Defa's Humanism, Rational Spirit and the Setup of His Kingdom of Modern Chinese Literary History



    Mr. Zhu Defa has always stuck to the setup of a holistic academic kingdom integrating"literature, history and humans" through his profound humanism sentiment and his independent rational sprit of modern sub-jects in terms of social ideological trends, creative practice, interpretation and dissemination, science of thinking, etc. As opined by him,"nationalization and globalization" is the guidance factor for the modernization of Chinese literature with its core point being what persons literature should serve. As such, the notion of"modern Chinese lit-erature" advanced by Mr. Zhu has not only mingled with the formation of modern nation state but also radiated with"man's consciousness" and "literature's awakening", which has maximally governed the connotation and denota-tion of various views on contemporary Chinese literature history———a unity of philosophy and science as well as of literature and historiography. Zhu Defa's Collected Works ( ten volumes) , published by Shandong People's Press in 2014 and a collection of Mr. Zhu's academic achievements in the past 40-oddd years, is reflective of the process of establishing the grand system of "modern Chinese literature history" and its far-reaching significance from various profiles and dimensions, thereby having demonstrated to readers an academic kingdom marked by its extensive range, strict logic and profound ideas. In short, given its profound emotion, penetrating idea, abundant content and fine style-a perfect integration of history, poetry and thinking, the collected works can be considered a rare ac-ademic feat in the present Chinese academic circles.%朱德发先生一直坚持以深厚的人本情怀与独立自主的现代主体理性精神,从社会思潮、创作实践、阐释传播、思维科学等层面,构建融合“文学—历史—人”等多维因素的整体性学术王国。他指出“民族化世界化”是中国文学现代化历程的制导性因素,而“为什么人”的

  3. From Reviewing the Poetic to Shred Memory---Talking about the Change of Military Dependents' Village in Zhu Tianwen's Novels%从诗意回眸到记忆破碎--论朱天文小说中眷村内涵的转变



    Zhu Tianwen's novels write out the change of Taiwan culture and literature with a realistic depiction and glittering words. There are some brand of Military Dependents' Village in her novels . Because of her identity and times , she took a new look at her favor for Mil-itary Dependents' Village .%朱天文的小说以写实的写作手法和华丽苍凉的文字反映了台湾文化及文学的变迁。受成长环境的影响,她的小说中带有眷村的印记。又因所处身份及所处时代变幻的关系,朱天文对自身的眷村情结做出了重新审视。

  4. An Analysis of the Similarities and Differences between New Confucianism and Scholasticism --Taking ZHU Xi and Thomas Aquinas as Examples%浅析程朱理学与经院哲学之异同——以朱熹和托马斯·阿奎那为例



    朱熹和托马斯·阿奎那作为当时东西方两大主流思想——新儒学(程朱理学)和经院哲学的集大成者,其对中国和西欧的贡献是不可言喻的。以朱熹和阿奎那为代表,通过对其师承及学术渊源的分析从宏观上把握东西思想异同产生的根源;通过对思想观、教育观和社会政治观等方面的探讨,把握程朱理学与经院哲学乃至东西方文化差异的细微之处。此外,通过分析这两种思想的影响异同,更为深刻的把握这两者对习俗及道德习惯的养成方面的影响。%ZHU Xi and Thomas Aquinas were the representatives of the two mainstream thoughts--New Confucian- ism and Scholasticism. They made great contribution to China and the Western Europe. This essay takes ZHU Xi and Thomas Aquinas as examples and through the analysis of the academic origins of the two, tries to grasp the roots of the similarities and differences between the eastern and the western thinking in a macro way. Also, by the discussion on thoughts, views of education and social politics of the two minds, we can know the details of the mi- nor differences between eastern and western cultures. Therefore, we can have a deep understanding of the influence of the two thoughts on customs and virtues through the analysis of the similarities and differences between them.

  5. The Inheritance and Development of Jian ChaoLiang to the Theory of Zhu CiQi---The Discussion with Qian Mu%简朝亮对朱次琦学说的传承与发展--兼与钱穆先生榷议



    无论是重塑朱次琦的经师人师形象,接着朱次琦的“四行”、“五学”往下说,还是遍注儒家经典,简朝亮都是结合新的社会形势,朝着朱次琦学说的既定目标、具体路径为它输进新内容,使获得了较大发展的朱次琦学说延至民国中后期,并与同出一门的康有为别出的岭南近现代新儒学产生尖锐冲突,呈现岭南儒学近代转型的复杂性、艰巨性。因此,钱穆认为简朝亮未能传承朱次琦之学,实是未能抓住简朝亮经学生涯乃至朱次琦学说的要害。%Combined with new social situation ,Jian Chaoliang reshaped Zhu Ciqi’s image of being a teacher , investigated Zhu’s“four actions of morality cultivation” and“five areas of studies” and then he annotated many classics of the Confucian school .He followed Zhu’s set goals and roads ,and input new contents , extending Zhu’s theory to the semi-late period of the Republic of China .It had sharp conflict with the new Confucian school in Lingnan ,reflecting its complexity and hardship .Therefore ,Qian Mu’s view of Jian Chaoliang’s failing to inherit Zhu’ s theory failed to understand the gist of Jian Chaoliang ’ s academic thoughts ,nor the theory of Zhu Ciqi .

  6. Socioeconomic status and health in childhood: a comment on Chen, Martin and Matthews, "Socioeconomic status and health: do gradients differ within childhood and adolescence?" (62:9, 2006, 2161-2170).

    Case, Anne; Paxson, Christina; Vogl, Tom


    Understanding whether the gradient in children's health becomes steeper with age is an important first step in uncovering the mechanisms that connect economic and health status, and in recommending sensible interventions to protect children's health. To that end, this paper examines why two sets of authors, Chen et al. [Socioeconomic status and health: Do gradients differ within childhood and adolescence? Social Science & Medicine, 62, 2161-2170.] and Case et al. [Economic status and health in childhood: The origins of the gradient. American Economic Review, 92, 1308-1334.], using data from the same source, reach markedly different conclusions about income-health gradients in childhood. We find that differences can be explained primarily by the inclusion (exclusion) of a small number of young adults who live independently.

  7. 陈独秀:有革命家气质的启蒙思想家%Chen Duxiu:The EnIightenment Thinker FuII of RevoIutionary Temperament



    作为五四新文化运动的主要发起者和五四精神的重要阐释者,陈独秀视伦理觉悟为国人最后之觉悟,形成了从思想文化入手根本解决中国政治问题的基本路向。他坚信孔子之道不合现代生活,对儒家纲常名教进行猛烈批判,但这并不意味着抹杀孔子及儒学的历史价值。他以“不容他人之匡正”的强硬态度来推进文学革命,体现出一位具有革命家气质的思想家的魄力,取得了显著成效。他发起新文化运动的基本思路,是以启蒙为手段来达到政治救亡的目的,故他在新文化运动中从来没有忘记过政治救亡,更没有脱离当时的实际政治活动。他在五四新文化运动后期之放弃了西方的民主主义而信仰马克思主义并主张无产阶级专政,主要是由于他接受了列宁关于无产阶级民主的论述,以阶级分析方法看待民主问题,将民主区分为资产阶级民主与无产阶级民主,并致力于追求真正的民主和更广大的民主———无产阶级和人民大众的多数人的民主。%As the promoter of New Culture and the interpreter of spirits of May Fourth Movement, Chen Duxiu treated moral awareness as national ultimate enlightenment, which developed his primary way to solve the political problem of China from the perspective of the ideology and culture.Chen believed that the Confucianism was not adapted to the modern life, and criticized strongly the Confucian ethical code.However, Chen Duxiu did not wipe out the historical value of Confucius and Confucianism. He took uncompromising attitudes to promote the literary revolution, showing his courage of being an enlightenment thinker full of revolutionary temperament, which got him a good result.His primary thinking of initiating in the New Culture Movement was to achieve political salvation by the enlightenment means.Therefore, he never forgot political salvation in the New Culture Movement and

  8. 陈实功的医德思想对当代医者的启示∗%The Enlightenment of Chen Shigong′s Medical Ethics Thought to Contemporary Healer

    张洁; 王夏强


    陈实功的“医家五戒十要”是祖国医学医德传统的精华。其从医生个人品德修养、学习医学的方法、工作态度、价值取向与同道之间的人际关系等方面对医务工作者提出了要求,对当代医者完善自身修养有着重要的现实意义。%The “Five Precepts and Ten Requirements for Doctors” of Chen Shigong is the quintessence in our traditional medical ethics. It put forward requires for doctors in several aspects including personal moral cultivation, methods of learning, attitude towards job, value orientation, and relationship between coworkers. And it has impor-tant practical significance for contemporary doctors to improve their self-cultivation.

  9. 潘仕成与鸦片战争的武器捐造(上)%Weapon Produced by Pan-se-chen in the First Opium War



    The British navy defeated the navy of Qing dynasty in the First Opium War,so the merchant Pan-se-chen produced the weapon himself. This paper does some research about Pan-se-chen’s weapon production process.%鸦片战争时期,清军不敌英军。潘仕成自行捐造武器,包括水雷、大炮、战船。文章围绕潘仕成捐造武器一事探究了某些具体细节,分析了他制造武器的思想根源以及武器制造为什么没有继续下去。

  10. Efficient extraction and preparative separation of four main isoflavonoids from Dalbergia odorifera T. Chen leaves by deep eutectic solvents-based negative pressure cavitation extraction followed by macroporous resin column chromatography.

    Li, Lu; Liu, Ju-Zhao; Luo, Meng; Wang, Wei; Huang, Yu-Yan; Efferth, Thomas; Wang, Hui-Mei; Fu, Yu-Jie


    In this study, green and efficient deep eutectic solvent-based negative pressure cavitation-assisted extraction (DES-NPCE) followed by macroporous resin column chromatography was developed to extract and separate four main isoflavonoids, i.e. prunetin, tectorigenin, genistein and biochanin A from Dalbergia odorifera T. Chen leaves. The extraction procedure was optimized systematically by single-factor experiments and a Box-Behnken experimental design combined with response surface methodology. The maximum extraction yields of prunetin, tectorigenin, genistein and biochanin A reached 1.204, 1.057, 0.911 and 2.448mg/g dry weight, respectively. Moreover, the direct enrichment and separation of four isoflavonoids in DES extraction solution was successfully achieved by macroporous resin AB-8 with recovery yields of more than 80%. The present study provides a convenient and efficient method for the green extraction and preparative separation of active compounds from plants.

  11. Monitoring Protein Conformation Changes as an Activating Step for Protein Interactions with Cross-linking/MS Analysis. / Chen, Zhuo; Rasmussen, Morten; Tahir, Salman; Clark, C.A.C; Barlow, Paul; Rappsilber, Juri

    Rasmussen, Morten

    Monitoring protein conformation changes as an activating step for protein interactions with cross-linking/MS analysis. Chen, Zhou; Rasmussen, Morten; Tahir, Salman; Clark, C.A.C; Barlow, Paul; Rappsilber, Juri.   Introduction Protein interactions often require conformational changes in proteins....... Chemical cross-linking of proteins coupled with mass spectrometric analysis is emerging as a versatile tool for determining low-resolution three-dimensional structures of proteins. We show in this study that this technique is also able to resolve protein conformation changes, investigating the transition......-linked peptides and manual validation were performed using in-house software. The structural information determined by validated cross-links was compared against C3 and C3b crystal structure using Pymol.   Preliminary results We portray conformation changes from C3 to C3b through observing different group...

  12. 论陈应松“神农架系列”小说中的人性异化%Talk about Fiction Series of in Shennongjia by Chen Yingsong

    郑明娥; 徐天兴


      陈应松的神农架系列小说揭示了种种异化的人性,而心理失衡、城乡对立、物质贫穷、精神贫乏、大众文化是造成人性异化的根。同时,作品也流露出对社会现实的批判,对底层生存境遇的审视,对和谐美好人性的向往。%The series novels of Shennongjia by Chen Yingsong reveal the alienation of human nature, psychological imbalance between urban and rural areas, the material poverty, poor spirit and mass culture are the root of human alienation. At the same time, the works also reveals the criticism of the social reality, the bottom of living conditions and the harmonious human nature.

  13. 晁补之贬谪词“沉咽”之风论略%On Chao Buzhi’s Ci of Relegation with“Chen Ye”Style



    The works with“Chen Ye”style expresses the matters with important meaning of life and deep emotion, not the“leisure things”,“leisure emotion”, and features the sad tune. The intensity of emotion expression is not vi⁃olent nor radical and the expression way bears circumlocution instead of expressing straight from the heart and tak⁃ing in everything at a single glance. Chao Buzhi’s Ci of relegation expresses fame disillusionment, wandering life and the sadness of old age in the emotional content. Sad words and bold words appear alternately in the way of ex⁃pression, and poetic allusions are used to present twists and turns, which is in line with the characteristics of the“Chen Ye”style.%具有“沉咽”风格的作品在内容、情感方面,表现的是那些对于人生意义重大的事,抒发的是深沉的情感,而并非“闲事”、“闲情”,且以悲哀伤感为主调。在情感表现的强度上不激烈、极端,在表现方式上大多委婉曲折,并非直抒胸臆、一览无余。晁补之的贬谪词在情感内容上多抒发功名幻灭、身世飘零、韶华迟暮之悲;在表现方式上悲语、壮语交错呈现,且喜化诗用典以构筑曲折厚重,正符合“沉咽”的风格特征。

  14. Chinese Commission of Science Technology and Industry for National Defense Senior Vice Minister CHEN Qiufa visiting ALICE experiment on 1st November 2007 with CERN Director-General R. Aymar and Adviser J.-P. Revol. Thursday, 1st and Friday, 2nd November 2007

    Maximilien Brice


    Chinese Commission of Science Technology and Industry for National Defense Senior Vice Minister CHEN Qiufa visiting ALICE experiment on 1st November 2007 with CERN Director-General R. Aymar and Adviser J.-P. Revol. Thursday, 1st and Friday, 2nd November 2007

  15. 脸面叙事的深度模式--以陈希我小说为例%The Depth Mode of Face Narrative---A Case Study of Chen Xiwo’ s Novels



    The face is an image rich in philosophical significance, so the contemplation on the human face is equal to one on man’ s complexity. Of various ideas on the face, facial makeup, masks, and the face culture are very universal, with Levinas’ s idea of“the face” ethics being prominent. Moreover, the“face” image is also com-monplace in literature texts, but few contemporary writers have ever delved into the ideological depth of narrative through “the face”, as is opposed to Chen Xiwo, a writer from Fujian, who has subconsciously demonstrated such a narrative effect. By referring to Levinas’ s idea of the face ethics and the social implication of the face culture, one can discern that the face image is particularly unique in Chen Xiwo’ s novels, for he has acquired the most pro-found ethical significance in his conscious or subconscious description of facial details.%“脸”是个富含哲学深度的意象,思考人的脸,就等于思考人的复杂性。在关于脸面的思想中,脸谱、面具、面子文化很普遍,而列维纳斯的“脸孔”伦理学思想尤为突出。在文学文本中,“脸面”意象也很普遍,但通过“脸面”来挖掘叙事的思想深度方面,当代作家少有触及,而福建作家陈希我无意地呈现了这种叙事效果。结合列维纳斯的脸面伦理学思想,以脸面文化的社会寓意作为背景,我们可以发现陈希我小说中的脸面意象特别异常,他在有意无意的脸部细节书写里取得了最为深邃的伦理意义。


    李金金; 倪加加; 李学梅; 颜庆云; 余育和


    以肉食性南方大口鲇(Silurus soldatovi meridonalis Chen)为对象,研究采用PCR-DGGE指纹技术对其仔稚鱼胃肠道分化过程及细菌群落结构进行了对比分析,进而探讨了细菌群落与胃肠道分化的关系。消化道外部形态和胃肠切片显示13日龄样品起,胃肠在结构上出现较大的分化。DGGE分析结果显示胃肠道细菌群落的分化始于18日龄:从18日龄样品起,肠内细菌群落明显开始分化,但在随后的18-33日龄期间细菌群落结构相对稳定,而胃内细菌群落则一直处于动态变化中。这说明,南方大口鲇仔稚鱼的个体发育过程中,随着胃肠在组织结构上的分化,其消化道细菌群落结构也出现了明显分化,并且胃和肠内细菌群落结构的分化在时间上存在差异。该研究结果将为深入研究胃和肠内细菌群落的功能差异提供基础资料。%To explore the potential relationship between differentiation of gastrointestinal tract and the gastrointestinal microbiota colonization, polymerase chain reaction-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (PCR-DGGE) was applied to analyze the gastrointestinal microbiota alteration of Silurus soldatovi meridonalis Chen with the differentiation of gas-trointestinal tract. The differentiation of the intestinal microbiota started from 18-day samples and kept relatively stable in the following 23-, 28- and 33-day samples. However, the differentiation of the stomach microbiota was in dynamic variation process during the experiment. Morphological observation and histological slices of the gastrointestinal tract suggested a significant differentiation started at the developmental stage of 13-day. It indicated that with the differen-tiation of digestive system, the differentiations of bacteria community structures of both stomach and gut were different in spatiotempord.

  17. 试论陈染文本的女性意识及生命体验%On Feminine Consciousness and Life Experience in Chen Ran’s Texts



    This paper attempts to explore text features of Chen Ran from the aspects feminism on the basis of some canonical novels written by Chen Ran who boasts such novel as Private Life, Say Good-bye to the Past, Nowhere to Say Good-bye, characterized by strong feminine consciousness. She tries to have a destructive writing of traditional men and women so as to describe the cleft of feminine narration from her own experi-ence as a creative origin. She also tries to display her narcissistic tendency and strong feminine consciousness of women characters in her novel from the female viewpoint. Her spirit weapon to keep her independency and individuality and the resistance against the society is a reflection of her own intangibly spiritual loneli-ness, a life experience of her own. Most of the female protagonists in her novels all try to adventure, and to flee, especially spiritual escape. Her texts mixing with the deep experience of life and detailed and subtle de-piction so as to exhibit the nature of women or human beings and the connation of life send profound shiver to the bone of the reader.%运用女性主义批评方法,以《私人生活》、《与往事干杯》、《无处告别》等经典文本为主要研究对象,对陈染小说进行了深入分析。认为强烈的女性意识是陈染文本最大的特色。陈染站在女性的立场角度,把传统的男性与女性形象进行颠覆性的书写,表现出女性明显的自恋倾向;无以名状的心灵孤独是陈染笔下女主人公的一种生存体验,而逃离意识更多的是指灵魂的逃离。陈染文本对女性生命体验的书写揭示了女性乃至人性的本质及生命内涵,具有强烈的心灵震撼力。


    卢兆荣; 邓耀华; 陈之梓


    调查中在上海浦东芦苇荡里的死螃蜞体内发现三龄幼虫,经饲养羽化出浦东拟黑麻蝇Beziella pudongensis Fan,Chen et Lu,sp.n.(武夷科学,待发表)雄、雌成虫.本新种三令幼虫记述,亦是拟黑麻蝇属中的幼虫首次报道. 本新种与黑尾黑麻蝇Helicophagella melanura(Meigen)的雄虫虽貌似而不近缘,本文从它们三龄幼虫的体壁、口咽器、前气门、后气门、后突起群的突形等都有很大差异,而生态习性也显然不同,黑尾黑麻蝇幼虫常在人、畜粪中发现,是住区常见蝇种之一,而浦东拟黑麻蝇幼虫仅在大片芦苇荡地表的死螃蜞体内发现.两者绝非近缘属、种.%The third stage larva here described were collected from a dead body of amphibious crab in a reedy marsh at Pudong, Shanghai, China. After rearing them, both sexes of Beziella pudongensis Fan, Chen et Lu (as new species in press, the paper will be published in the journal"Wuyi Science" ) were identified.The third stage larva of the genus Beziella Enderlein is described for the first time.Present species in male is superficially similar to that of Helicophagella melanura (Meigen),but not closely related. According to present study, the characteristics including cephalopharyngeal sclerites, anterior and posterior spiracles, perispiracular tubercles etc. between them are well different. They also differ in bionomics that H. melanura is well known as a common synanthropic fly breeding mainly in human and animal excrement, whereas the larvae of present species being found from a dead amphibious crab on ground in a broad reedy marsh near sea wall. Evidently, they are not close relatives.

  19. Historical Evaluation of Chen Boda and the New Enlightenment Movement%关于陈伯达与新启蒙运动的历史评价问题



    In the 1930s, in the field of thought and culture CPC and some left-wing intellectuals launched the New Enlightenment Movement aiming to resist Japan and save the nation and disseminate Marxism. Chen Boda, as one of the leaders in the field of thought and culture,and the minister of propaganda of the Northern Bureau of the Central Committee of CPC,played an essential and fundamental role at all the stages of the New Enlightenment Movement:the beginning,development, climax and end. Starting from the relationship of Chen Boda and New Enlightenment Movement,the paper states systematically the motive and train of thought of his launch of New Enlightenment Movement,reveals his theoretical contribution in the process of the Movement,and then makes objective judgment on Chen’s role in the New Enlightenment Movement.%1930年代,中共和左翼文化人士在思想文化领域发起了一场旨在抗日救国、宣传马克思主义的新启蒙运动。作为北平思想文化界的领军人物和中共北方局宣传部长,陈伯达在新启蒙运动的发起、发展、高潮以及最后走向结束的各个环节,都起到了至关重要的作用。文章从陈伯达与新启蒙运动的关系入手,系统阐述了其发起新启蒙运动的动机及思路,揭示他在新启蒙运动各个历史阶段的理论贡献,进而并对他在新启蒙运动中的作用给予客观评价。

  20. Medication rule of Doctor CHEN Jinghe from Long Jiang Medical School in treating blood stasis syndrome%龙江医派名医陈景河治疗血瘀证用药规律分析

    陈婷婷; 刘彬; 韩彦华


    目的:分析龙江医派名医陈景河治疗血瘀证的用药规律。方法收集、整理龙江医派名医陈景河在齐齐哈尔中医院门诊治疗血瘀证的中药方剂,建立数据库,利用统计学方法对用药情况进行统计分析。结果整理治疗血瘀证的中药方剂50首,涉及中药194种,用药总频数为610次。结论核心单味药依次为川芎、当归、黄芪、丹参、乳香、没药、党参、红花、白芍等;治疗血瘀证以活血化瘀药、补虚药、清热药、解表药等为主要功效的药物为主;药性以温、寒、平为主;药味以苦、辛、甘为主;归经以肝、脾、心、肺、肾为主。%objective To analyze the medication rule of famous doctor Chen Jing - he from Long Jiang Medical School in Treating blood stasis syndrome. Methods Prescriptions for treatment of blood stasis syndrome of outpa-tients from Qiqihaer Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine written by Long Jiang Medical School’s famous doctor Chen Jing-he were collected and arranged,database was established,and medication rule was analyzed with statistical method. Results The 50 pieces of TCM prescription against blood stasis syndrome were collected,which involved 194 kinds of herbs,and total frequency of medication use reached 610 times. Conclusion Core herbs in proper or-der are Ligusticum chuanxiong,angelica,astragalus,radix salviae miltiorrhizae,Radix Codonopsis,frankincense, myrrh,safflower,Radix Paeoniae Alba,etc;drugs for the treatment of blood stasis were mainly of blood circulation promoting,blood stasis removing,heat clearing and diaphoretic effect;the properties of the herbs were mainly warm, cold and peace;the herbs were mainly of bitter,acrid and sweet;the meridians entered were mainly liver,spleen, heart ,lung and kidney.

  1. A Probe into Three Wives of ZHU Ba-jie and WU Cheng-en Who Is not the Author of Western Journey%猪八戒三“妻”考议——兼及《西游记》非吴承恩所作



    早期西游文学文本以至百回本《西游记》中猪八戒之“妻”有三:裴海棠、卵二姐、高翠兰。这三个形象的设计分别植根于不同的文化渊源,具有各自的文化内涵,体现了不同作者或同一作者不同情况下的艺术匠心。但一贯地都主要服务于猪八戒典型形象的塑造,即作为猪八戒欲望的对象,以成就猪八戒为世俗“好丈夫”、“好女婿”形象,尤其是帮助突出了猪八戒“有顽心,色情未泯”(第一百回)之为“色”所累者的本性。这一本性是八戒修行学佛最大障碍,却是他作为文学形象最根本的性格特点。至于从《西游记》两写猪八戒“倒踏门”的无所顾忌甚或以为得意,推断其《西游记》的作者不象是父为赘婿的吴承恩,虽不自本文始,但其作为《西游记》作者非吴承恩的内证,却是再作强调而决不过分的。%In the early books concerning western journey including the one with 100 chapters, ZHU Ba-jie had three wives: PEI Hai-tang, LUAN Er-jie and GAO Cui-lan. The design of the three figures was rooted in different cultures and they had different cultural connotations. In addition, they showed the artistic capability of different authors or the same author un- der different circumstances. Nevertheless, this has contributed to the shaping of the classical figure ZHU Ba-jie with strong lust and the figure as a good husband and son-in-law. And it has especially helped to highlight the randy nature of ZHU who found his head deeply in sex. This nature has become the biggest barrier to the practice of Buddhism. In spite of that, it is made a striking literary feature. From ZHU's hesitation at no act in his two marriages, one can infer that the author of Western Journey does not seem to be WU Cheng-en whose father was the son-in-law living together with his wife's parents.

  2. Clinical Observation on JianPi ZhuYunTang Combined with Triple Therapy in Treating 58 Cases of Peptic Ulcer%健脾助运汤联合三联疗法治疗消化性溃疡58例疗效观察



    Objective: To observe clinical effects of JianPi ZhuYunTang combined with triple therapy in treating peptic ulcer. Method: All 116 patients were randomized into the observation group and the control group equally. Both groups received classic triple therapy: metronidazole tablets, 400mg/time, twice each day, oral; colloidal bismuth pectin tablets, 100mg/time, three times each day, took in 30 minutes before breakfast, lunch and supper; omeprazole, 20 mg/time, twice each day. The observation group took JianPi ZhuYunTang. One course of treatment was seven days, curative effects were observed after four courses of treatment. Result: Cure rate and total effective rate of the observation group were 51.72% and 94.83%; and that of the control group were 36.21% and 79.31%, comparison between both groups showed significant difference (P<0.05). Comparisons within one group demonstrated significant difference before and after treating in symptom scales of abdominal pain, abdominal distention, regurgitation, sour reflux and belching (P<0.05). Comparison between both groups after treating showed significant difference (P<0.05). Conclusion: JianPi ZhuYunTang and triple therapy have notable clinical effects in treating peptic ulcer.%目的:观察健脾助运汤联合三联疗法治疗消化性溃疡的疗效.方法:将116 例消化性溃疡患者随机分为观察组和对照组各58 例.2 组患者均给予经典的三联疗法:甲硝唑片,400 mg/ 次,2 次/d,口服;果胶铋片,100 mg/ 次,3次/d,于早、中、晚饭前30 分钟口服;奥美拉唑,20 mg/ 次,2次/d.观察组同时给予健脾助运汤.2组均以治疗7 天为1 个疗程,治疗4 个疗程后观察疗效.结果:观察组治愈率为51.72%,总有效率为94.83%;对照组治愈率为36.21%,总有效率为79.31%.2 组相比差异显著(P<0.05).治疗后腹痛、腹胀、反胃、反酸、嗳气等症状积分2 组治疗前后组内相比,有显著差异(P<0.05),组间相比,有显著差异(P<0.05).结论:健

  3. Modified BanXia BaiZhu TianMa Tang and Betahistine Hydrochloride in Treating 35 Cases of Vertebrobasilar Artery Insufficiency Vertigo%加味半夏白术天麻汤联合盐酸倍他司汀治疗椎-基底动脉供血不足性眩晕35例

    张小荣; 杨涛


    目的:观察加味半夏白术天麻汤联合盐酸倍他司汀治疗椎-基底动脉供血不足性眩晕的临床疗效。方法:将65例患者随机分为2组,治疗组35例予加味半夏白术天麻汤联合盐酸倍他司汀治疗,对照组30例予盐酸倍他司汀治疗,观察2组治疗前后椎-基底动脉平均血流速度。结果:治疗组治愈13例,显效19例,无效3例,总有效率为91.43%;对照组治愈3例,显效18例,无效9例,总有效率为70.00%。治疗组疗效优于对照组(P<0.05)。椎-基底动脉平均血流速度治疗后治疗组高于对照组(P<0.01)。结论:加味半夏白术天麻汤联合盐酸倍他司汀治疗椎-基底动脉供血不足性眩晕疗效优于单纯西药治疗。%Objective: To explore therapeutic effects of modified BanXia BaiZhu TianMa Tang cooperated with betahistine hydrochloride for vertebrobasilar artery insufficiency vertigo. Method:All 65 patients were random-ized into 35 cases in the treatment group and 30 cases in the control group. The treatment group accepted modified BanXia BaiZhu TianMa Tang and betahistine hydrochloride, the control group betahistine hydrochloride, average blood flow rates of vertebrobasilar artery were observed in both groups before and after treating. Result:There were 13 cases cured, 19 cases effective, three cases ineffective and total effective rate 91.43%in the treatment group;three cases cured, 18 cases effective, nine cases ineffective and total effective rate 70.00%. The treatment group was supe-rior to the control group in curative effects (P<0.05). The treatment group was higher than the control group in aver-age blood flow rates of vertebrobasilar artery (P<0.01). Conclusion:Modified BanXia BaiZhu TianMa Tang cooper-ated with betahistine hydrochloride are superior to Western Medicine for vertebrobasilar artery insufficiency vertigo.

  4. City:The Interaction of Person And the Space---Zhu Tianxin’s Identification of Taipei%城市:身体与空间的双向互动--朱天心的台北认同书写



    Authors’ urban space is a space full of life characterization. In representational space, body is the intermediary among a person, space and space created by cognition. The movement of body will brand in the space. We walk in the city, close to the daily life of the city, so that the memory of city becomes more colorful with personal feeling.In Zhu Tianxin’s "ancient"and "Hungarian water", it presents the city in two sides, visual experience and smell perception. Zhu Tianxin looking upon the body as media, through hanging around the city recalls the memory of childhood life in Taipei The search starts with one's own body, connected to the land he lives, and a self-identity arises.%作家笔下的城市空间是一种富有生命的表征空间。在表征空间中,身体是人与空间、感知塑造空间的唯一中介,身体的运动会烙印在空间之上。人塑造和丰富着空间环境,空间也生产和塑造着人。身体在城市中行走,贴近城市的日常生活,串联起城市的空间,使静态的空间成为带有个人情感色彩的动态记忆。朱天心的《古都》、《匈牙利之水》,分别从穿城走巷的视觉体验和嗅觉感知两个角度书写了对台北的认同。朱天心借由“我”的身体行走于日常生活的空间,以身体为媒介,通过视觉和嗅觉勾勒出自己的童年生活记忆。寻找从自己的身体出发,与生活的土地连接而产生认同的可能。

  5. 传统《诗经》学的重大历史转折 ——朱熹“以《诗》言《诗》”说申论%The historic turning point of traditional studies on classic poetry ——ZHU Xi 's theory of commenting on classic poetry through classic poetry



    ZHU Xi's theory of and his deeds in commenting on Classic Poetry through Classic Poetry is a negation and criticism on the idea of illustrating Classic Poetry with history expressed in “the Preface to Classic Poetry" and the Confucianists' concept of illustrating Classic Poetry with “the Preface to Classic Poetry". It also shows a deep understanding on the literature nature of Classic Poetry and the rules in composing poems. To carry out the principle of commenting on classic Poetry through Classic Poetry and to implement a great reform on traditional studies on classic Poetry is a great mission for scholars in Song Dynasty from the need of historical development and the time. Being a famous literaturist as well as a master in the studies on Classic Poetry and integrating literature of past dynasties with the studies on “Classic Poetry" of past dynasties are the main condition and the objective foundation for ZHU Xi to implement his reform on the studies on classic Poetry.%朱熹首倡并躬行的“以《诗》言《诗》”说是对《诗序》“以史证《诗》”以及后儒“以《序》解《诗》”的否定与批判,同时又体现了对《诗经》文学本质与诗歌创作规律的深刻认识。贯彻“以《诗》言《诗》”的原则,实现传统《诗经》学的重大变革,是历史的发展与时代的需求赋予宋代学者的重大使命;而文学名家与经学大师的一身兼任,历代文学与历代经学的双轨集成,是朱熹实现《诗经》学变革的主体条件与客观基础。

  6. 接受理论视角下的英语名言翻译探析--以朱纯深译著《自深深处》中王尔德名言翻译为例%Study on the Translation of English Epigrams from the Perspective of Reception Theory--- Take for Example the Translation of Oscar Wilde’s Epigrams in Zhu Chunshen’s Translated Book De Profundis



    The author takes the perspective of reception theory to expound the characteristics of epigram - translation and tried to analyze the translation problems by comparing the translation of Oscar Wilde’s epigrams in Zhu Chunshen’s translated book De Profundis and the author’s re - translation based on the version of Zhu Chunshen . In the final analysis , the author puts stress on the syntactical and semantic intelligibility ,the historical context of word meaning as well as the explanation of cultural elements .%从接受理论视角出发,探讨英语名言翻译的特点,并通过对比朱纯深在其译著《自深深处》中王尔德名言的翻译与作者在其基础上的改译,分析英语名言翻译的问题与解决方案。英语名言的翻译应重视句法和语义的可理解性、意义的历史语境以及异质文化因素的解释说明。

  7. The Relationship of Yu Dafu's "Trouble of Sex" and "Creation of ChenLun"%论郁达夫“性的苦闷”与《沉沦》的创作



    Trouble of Sex "is considered one of the most important character in Yu Dafu's autobiographical fiction,from Qian Xingcun put forward in 1928 for the first time," Trouble of Sex " was used by the later researchers constantly." the creation of ChenLun and Yu Dafu' trouble of sex when he studyed in Japan have a close relationship actually.%"性的苦闷"被认为是郁达夫自传体小说的一个重要特征,从钱杏邨1928年评论《沉沦》时首次提出开始,"性的苦闷"便被后来的研究者们不厌其烦的使用。《沉沦》是的创作,也确实与郁达夫留学日本时遭遇的"性的苦闷"有着密切的关系。

  8. 关于建筑演化的思想交流 常青/赵辰对谈%Intellectual Exchanges on the Evolution of Architecture A Dialogue between CHANG Qing and ZHAO Chen

    常青; 赵辰; 邓小骅(采编)


    As contemporaries, Chang Qing and Zhao Chen have a common background: as scholars they also double as architects, and both are concerned about the contemporary developments in research inarchitectural history. This article records their dialogue and attempts to present the individual personalities of both architects, and the marks that our time have stamped on the research in the history and theory of architecture.%作为同龄人并兼具学者和建筑师的双重身份,常青与赵辰有着相似的成长背景和经历,文章记录了他们的对谈内容,话题主要包括时代烙印、建筑教育、建筑思想等方面,试图呈现出双重身份的建筑师个体以及建筑历史与理论研究的时代印记。

  9. Textual research of ten sentence translations in Chen Guying' s Notes and Translation of Zhuangzi%陈鼓应《庄子今注今译》译文考辨十则



    Zhuangzi has a great impact on the history of Chinese literature, philosophy and aesthetics. It is embedded with the beauty of poetry, painting, music and philosophy, and its language is grand, mysterious, unruly and attractive. Many scholars annotated Zhuangzi, but there are incorrect or inaccurate understandings and translations in some works. Therefore, this paper makes a textual research of ten sentence translations in Chen Guying' s Notes and Translation of Zhuangzi.%《庄子》一书在中国文学史、哲学史、美学史上都有着巨大的影响。它集诗歌之美、绘画之美、音乐之美、哲学之美于一身,《庄子》语言更是恢弘谲怪,玄妙不羁。后世学者多有关于《庄子》注译的作品,但是这些著作对于《庄子》语言的理解和翻译不尽正确或准确。本文对陈鼓应先生之《庄子今注今译》中所发现的一些问题进行必要的考辨。

  10. 陈国符道教音乐研究之理解与认知%The Understanding and Cognition of the Historical and Practical Significance of Chen Guofu’s Taoist Music Research



    陈国符是当代较早涉足道教音乐研究的学者,其学术在道教音乐研究史上起到了承上启下的重要作用。文章以陈国符《道乐考略稿》《明清道教音乐考稿》两篇具有代表性的学术成果为例,就如何理解和认知陈国符之道教音乐研究的历史和现实意义作了阐释。%Guofu Chen is one of the earlier scholars who involved in contemporary Taoism music research. His academic influence is far-reaching, and both of his aca-demic ideas and methods played an important role in the history of Taoist music stud-ied. Taken two representative works of Guofu Chen’s DaoyueKaolueGao(TheManu-scriptofTextualResearchonTaoismMusic) and MingandQingDaojiaoYinyueKa-ogao(TheManuscriptofTextualResearchonTaoismMusicinMingandQingDynas-ties) as examples, this paper explained that how to understand and to be cognitive the historical and practical significance of Guofu Chen’s Taoist music researching.

  11. Donglang's Emotion beyond Romanticism:A comment on Modern poet Chen Zengshou's Allegiance to Qing Dynasty%冬郎情结岂香奁--论近代诗人陈曾寿的遗民心态



    晚唐诗人韩偓在清末颇受重视,陈曾寿诗中对韩偓尤为三致其意,其对落花诗的咏叹,以及纪恩与负恩之心理冲突,成为一种很有代表性的“冬郎情结”。而实际上韩偓诗的成就并不是很高,清季遗民之推崇韩偓,更多的是出于对其事唐经历的肯定,以及其眷怀唐室引起的情感共鸣。%Poet Han Wo, whose courtesy name is Dongling, in the late Tang Dynasty was highly valued in the late Qing Dynasty. Chen Zengshou showed his great respect to Han Wo in his poems, and his poems about the fallen flowers and psychological conflict between loyalty and betrayal constituted a typical complex of DongLang. In fact Han Wo's achievements in poetry were not as high as it was deemed, and citizens of the overthrown Qing Dynasty praised Han Wo highly more because of his devotion to the Tang Dynasty and the emotional resonance for the overthrown dynasties.

  12. A preliminary discussion on Daoist bionomy: On the basis of Chen Yingning's philosophy of immortals%道教生命学浅议——从陈撄宁的仙学谈起



    From the modern point of view,the Daoist regimen culture in China is actually a kind of oriental bionomy.Although it is less developed than the Western life sciences in terms of details and techniques,it has unique advantages in terms of its comprehensive grasp and dynamic observation Of life,as well as its emphasis on the development of life potentiality and on the self adjustment and improvement of living bodies.Chen Yingning reestablished a Daoist bionomy philosophy and sciences,leaving us a valuable legacy.To establish a new bionomy system required by the modern society through learning from the Daoist bionomy,the academic circle has to seriously explore the four issues:(1)at the level of faith,to turn the Daoist faith in deities and gods into a pursuit of ideal personality;(2)with respect to the principles of regimen,to extend the dual cultivation into a kind of universal concept;(3)as with the way of regimen,to learn from the regimen thought of Daoism and combine the inner cultivation with the outer one,and static exercise with dynamic exercise;and(4)with regard to the ways of treatment of diseases,to combine the Daoist medicine with the Western medicine.

  13. 陈云与新中国50-70年代的对外贸易%Chen Yun and China's Foreign Trade From 1950s to 1970s



    From 1950s to 1970s ,both the New China and its foreign trade faced a very complicated in‐ternational and domestic situation .Chen Yun led the work of foreign trade during this period in line with the principle of the supremacy of the state and the people ,and finally broke down the blockade of western capitalist countries toward China which not only made a good start for the new China's foreign trade ,but al‐so provided a strong support for the subsequent construction of China's national economy .%新中国建立后,面临十分复杂的国际国内形势,20世纪50-70年代的中国对外贸易也在艰难的环境中展开。陈云本着国家和人民利益至上的原则,领导了这一时期中国的对外贸易工作,最终打破西方资本主义国家对中国的封锁。不但使新中国的对外贸易有了一个良好开端,也为随后中国的国民经济建设提供了有力支持。

  14. Evolving Cross-Strait Relations and Taiwan’s New Military Service System


    discussions with many Taiwanese military peers, especially, LtCol Feng , the first all-volunteer Battalion Commander, 99 Brigade, Taiwan Marine Corps. These...Taiwan’s dollar dropped precipitously. Chen Shui -Bian, the chairman of Democratic Progression Party CDDP), the pro-independent party in Taiwan, won the 2000... Feng , telephone conversation with author, January 12,2009. 23ROC, National Defense Report 2008, 226. 24Associated Press, 蕛 billion not enough for

  15. Implications of China’s Aircraft Carrier Development


    Taiwanese” instead of “Chinese” and want to release from China’s fetters. Former President Chen Shui -bian (2000-2008), the chairman of the...For instance, the Hsiung Feng III Anti-ship missile is in development by the Chungshan Institute of Science and Technology (CSIST) in Taiwan. After...weapon against the ex-Varyag.37 Another missile system that contributes to Taiwan security is the Hsiung Feng IIE surface-to-surface cruise missiles

  16. Shaping China’s Security Environment: The Role of the People’s Liberation Army


    Chen Shui -bian, continued to push for the de facto separation of Taiwan from China, the Taiwan issue remained deadlocked. After the 1995-96 crisis...Xiong Chunbao; Xiao, p. 164. 19. Xiao Tianliang, p. 171. 20. Feng Changsong, “Tigao daying zhanzheng he ezhi zhanzheng de nengli” (“Raise Win and Contain Wars”), Jiefangjun Bao, Beijing, August 27, 2003, FBIS-CPP20030827000124. 21. Xiao Tianliang, p. 176. 22. Feng Changsong. 23. Yu

  17. Assessing the New U.S. Maritime Strategy: A Window into Chinese Thinking


    in March 2008 has placed cross-Strait relations on an improved trajectory after eight years of instability under Chen Shui -bian. Meanwhile, recent...between the two events, see 李红军 [Li Hongjun, author/expert], 晓枫 [Xiao Feng , re- porter], “专家解读美国海上新战略: 继 续走强权路线” [Expert Analyzes New U.S. Maritime



    Held Hostage by Politicized Pandas Giant pandas became the preferred option when the Communist Party of China, on behalf of the people on China's mainland, considered sending a gift of goodwill to Taiwan during former Kuomintang Chairman Lien Chan's 2005 cross-strait visit. But Taiwan leader Chen Shui-bian said his authorities would rather not give the pandas permission to enter the island, citing

  19. Strait Stance


    Despite rebukes against pro-independence Taiwan leader Chen Shui-bian's move to disrupt peace and stability across the Taiwan Strait, the mainland remains active in pushing forward links with the island. Sun Shengliang, a research fellow at the Institute of Taiwan Studies under the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, analyzes the mainland's stance and efforts in cross-strait relations. Following are excerpts of his article carried in the People's Daily Overseas Edition:



    <正>20140115 Bian Youyan(Key Laboratory of Marginal Sea Geology,Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Guangzhou 510640,China);Chen Duofu Cold Seep Activities Recorded by Geochemical Characteristics of Authigenic Carbonates from Green Canyon 140,Gulf of Mexico(Geochimica,ISSN0379-1726,CN44-1398/P,42(3),2013,p.212-220,4illus.,2tables,49refs.)Key words:carbonate rocks,lithogeochemistry,Mexico

  1. Which Kind of "Transformation of Life into Art". A Comparison of Zhu Guangqian and Zong Baihua's Theories of Aesthetic Education%何种“人生的艺术化”?——朱光潜、宗白华美育理论之比较



    The similarities and differences between Zhu Guangqian's theories of aesthetic education and those of Zong Baihua lie in the proposition of "transformation of life into art". Although both of them draw on relevant theories of Schopenhauer, Nietzsche and Bergson to interpret this proposition, their interpretations differ in their points of departure and final purport. This paper attempts to analyze the two connotations of this proposition and explore the causes of the differences.%朱光潜和宗白华的美育理论,其相似性和差异性都体现在“人生的艺术化”这一命题上,两者对这一命题的阐释,均借鉴了叔本华、尼采和柏格森的相关理论,但阐释起点和最终旨归都大异其趣。论文分析了这一命题的两种具体内涵,并剖析了差异产生的原因。

  2. “Human Nature”- Oriented Explanation of Ethnic Love Literature from the Perspective of Literary Anthropology--Long Zhu and The Black Steed as An Example%少数民族爱情文学“人性观照”意蕴的文学人类学阐释--以《龙朱》、《黑骏马》为例



    Literary Anthropology uses the method of Cultural Anthropology to research literature. The content of Literary Anthropology Criticism mainly includes the Primitivism Criticism and Mythological Archetypal Criticism. The ethnic literature Long Zhu and The Black Steed are the works of love literature, which involves Primitivism,Semi Primitivism ,“Archetype”and the same theme of “Human Nature”.%文学人类学的要旨是借鉴和运用文化人类学的视野、方法研究文学。文学人类学批评的内容特征主要包括原始主义批评与神话原型批评。少数民族爱情文学作品《龙朱》和《黑骏马》具有原始主义、半原始主义的典型特征以及“原型”的深层意蕴,作家于文本中对“人性”进行了细致的观照。

  3. 朱武兰:探索“为学而教”的课堂改革--语文教育改革专题访谈之三%ZHU Wu-lan:Exploring Classroom Reform of “Teaching for Learning”---The Third Interview about Reform of Chinese Language Education

    李金云; 朱武兰


    针对当前语文课堂实践问题,朱武兰老师提出并强调语文教师应积极探索“为学而教”的课堂改革。语文课堂亟需唤醒学生对语文学习的“自觉”,需要教师从原点上搞清楚语文的“独当之任”;语文教师没有丰富的学科素养,就难以获得学科的尊严;从课程论的视角提高教师独立研读教材的能力,是解决目前语文教学低效的急切需要。%Facing with issues of current Chinese language class teaching , teacher ZHU Wu‐lan proposes and emphasizes that Chinese language teachers should actively explore the classroom reform of “teaching for learning” . It is badly needed to arouse students'awareness of Chinese language learning in class so that teachers ought to figure out the unique responsibility of Chinese language teaching . Without solid academic knowledge , Chinese language teachers have difficulties obtaining the dignity of discipline . In order to solve the low effectiveness of current Chinese language teaching , it is urgently needed to improve teachers'ability to study the teaching materials from curriculum theory .

  4. 浅论孙诒让《札迻·素问王冰注校》的校勘特点%Brief Discussion on SUN Yi-rang ’ s Collation Characteristics in ZHA YI SU WEN WANG BING ZHU JIAO



    SUN Yi-rang’ s ZHA YI SU WEN WANG BING ZHU JIAO played an important role in history of SU WEN’ s collation. The purpose of this paper was to sum up the characteristics of collation, that is learning widely from others' strong points, picking up the es-sence, quoting and seeking broad-mind, detailed examination and resolution, striving for realism rigorously, believing in doubt, inves-tigating the hidden mysteries of things, analysis of small things and mysteries, exploring traceability, studying comprehensively.%在《素问》的校勘史上,孙诒让的《札迻·素问王冰注校》占有十分重要的地位。将其校勘特点总结为“博采众长、撷其精英,引征广博、详审细辨,严谨求实、信守存疑,探幽索隐、析微阐奥,循流溯源、综合考辨”。

  5. The Reasons for Qian Mu's Setting up a Chapter for Chen Li in his Chinese Academic History in Almost Three Hundred Years%钱穆《中国近三百年学术史》特论陈澧之原因析论



    陈澧作为一个讲学著述终老的普通经生,在学术史上并没有像康有为等人能在晚清思想界留有重要轨迹,而钱穆却在《中国近三百年学术史》中将陈澧单列一章,并且致以"拳拳向往之意"。其原因是多方面的,一方面在于陈澧所处的时代与钱穆相似,即他们都处于学风转变的特殊时代;另一方面是缘于钱穆的高度社会责任感,因陈澧对于新学风的提倡而颇合钱穆"求人才,转世运"的殷切之望。%As an ordinary Confucian from cradle to grave, Chen li didn't play an important role in the academic history like Kang You wei in late Qing dynasty. Qian mu set up a chapter for Chen li and showed "a very admiring meaning" in his Chinese Academic History in Almost Three Hundred Years. This reflected Qian mu's subjective judgment for academic contexts. The reasons are various. On the one hand, there exist time similarities of Chen li and Qian mu, that is, they are in special times of study change. On the other hand, it is due to a high social sense of Qian mu, because Chen li's advocating for a new style of study complies with Qian mu's earnest hope of "seeking talents, reincarnation luck".

  6. 读陈寅恪《韦庄〈秦妇吟〉校笺》札记%Notes on Chen Yinge’s “Notes and Proof of Qinfuyin Written by Wei Zhuang”



    “The notes and proof of Qinfuyin written by Wei Zhuang” is one of Chen Yinge’s masterpieces that interprect poems by applying the approach of “Interprecting Poetry by History”. The article had aroused a upsurge in academia since it was published. Some scholars questioned that — Mr. Chen was in much doubt and believed that“Yangpuguan” was mistakenly written to “Yangzhenguan”. According to the actual geographic position and walking direction, they thought there was a contradiction. For this reason, I’m going to get back to the content of the poem itself, to prove its rationality about Chen’s guess with the historical records, from the point in time and route which Qin Fu ran to the east. Besides, I read “Qinfuyin” again and again and feel deeply that the rhythm is harmonious and the melody is exquisite. However, the long poem was widely circulated among people when it was born. I’ll venture to guess that maybe “Qinfuyin” was widely sung among many singers as a poem, exerting a profound influence, and then it had gradually swept over the fork.%《韦庄〈秦妇吟〉校笺》是陈寅恪先生“以史证诗”释诗方法的代表名篇之一,文章一经问世就在学界掀起了《秦妇吟》研究之风潮。其中不乏学者对陈先生“颇疑‘杨震关’实为‘杨仆关’之讹写”的猜测提出质疑,认为这一猜测与实际地望和行程相矛盾。鉴于此,笔者试图回归《秦妇吟》长诗文本本身,并结合史料,从“秦妇”东奔的时间节点和路线行程两个角度出发来佐证陈寅恪先生猜测的合理性。另外,笔者通过反复吟读《秦妇吟》一诗,较深地感受到这首长诗音韵之和谐、旋律之优美,而诗作诞生的当时,民间就广有流传,并被制为幛子悬挂,作者则被呼为“秦妇吟秀才”,与被称为“长恨歌主”的白居易并称佳话。一首诗歌竟能够产生如此深广的影响,笔者大胆猜

  7. 羅振玉日本教育考察與晚清學制制定的關係 Chen-Yu Lo’ Educational Visit to Japan and the Drafting of School Systems in Late Ch’ing

    周愚文 Yu-Wen Chou


    Full Text Available 羅振玉早年關心農業與教育,曾辦東文學社教日語,出版《農報》,譯農書,故受張之洞聘請,掌湖北農務局及農學堂。1901年辛丑詔改各省書院為學堂,獲張之洞與劉坤一共薦率員考察日本教育兩個月。先後訪談重要政教人物,參訪東京、京都、奈良等地學校24所,蒐購中小學教科書及理化器材。因時短、行程緊湊及語言限制,未讀前人考察紀錄,自認收穫有限。返國後,他曾獲張之洞五次接見,並命向鄂官員講說教育。又代張之洞擬教育制度草案欲與劉督會奏,但因劉屬官反對遂寢。他遂出版訪日紀錄及資料,並發表〈學制私議〉等文建議興學,部分被鄂參採。當朝廷擬訂壬寅及癸卯學制時,羅未參與而資料只供參考,但章程規定中小學堂學科八科及小學堂以學國語為主等二項,可能與其建議有關。隨行陳毅曾譯日教育法規並兩度遊日,起草奏定章程時,當不會只憑文獻閉門造車,但主政者乏直接經驗,故教育借用日制時難盡合國情。 Chen-Yu Lo had concern about agriculture and education. He was invited by Governor-General Chih-tung Chang to preside over the Agriculture Department of Hubei and its Agriculture School. In 1901, ordered by Chang and Governor-General Kun-I Liu, he led a group of delegates to visit educational institutions in Japan. Within two months, he discussed with influential politicians and educators, visited 24 schools in Tokyo, Kyoto, and Nara, and purchased elementary and secondary school textbooks and laboratory equipments. When he returned, he had five meetings with Chang, and lectured on education for Hubei officials. On behalf of Chang, Lo had drafted a new educational system, and it was to be presented to the throne by Chang and Liu, however, the proposal was withdrawn due to the objections of Liu’s subordinates. Later, Lo made the collected

  8. Determination of Carbofuran and Pirimicarb from Panax notoginseng (Burk.)F.H.Chen and Poria cocos (Schw.) Wolf%中药三七、茯苓中克百威和抗蚜威的测定

    张举成; 刘卫; 陈瑞; 杨金; 姚立华; 胡蓉绘


    [Aims] It was to develop the detection method of carbofuran and pirimicarb from Panax notoginseng (Burk.) F.H.Chen and Poria cocos (Schw.) Wolf. [Methods] The HPLC was employed to determine the carbofuran and pirimicarb from P. Notoginseng (Burk.) F.H.Chen and P. Cocos (Schw.) Wolf. [Results] The chromgraphy conditions was confirmed that the temperature was 30 °C, the velocity was 1 mL/min, the detection wavelength was 210 nm, and the mobile phase was water-acetonitrile (61.5 :38.5, by vol). The linear content of pirimicarb and carbofuran ranged from 1.99×10-4 to 9.95×l0-4μg (r=0.9987) and 1.97×10-4 to 9.85×10-4 μg (r=0.9947) respectively. The RSD of pirimicarb and carbofuran were 13.2 and 7.1% respectively. [Conclusions] The detection method was established and the two pesticides were undetected in the two Chinese herbs. The method had short retention time and the peak didn't overlap with the base material.%[目的]获得中药三七、茯苓中克百威和抗蚜威的检测方法.[方法]通过液相色谱法对中药三七和茯苓中的克百威和抗蚜威的检测方法进行研究.[结果]确定了较优液相色谱检测条件为柱温30℃,流速1 mL/min,检测波长210nm,流动相水-乙腈(体积比61.5:38.5).获得抗蚜威和克百威分别在1.99×10-4~9.95×10-4 μg(r=0.9987)和1.97×10-4~9.85×10-4μg(r=0.9947)范围内线性良好.克百威和抗蚜威的RSD值分别为13.2%和7.1%.[结论]获得了克百威和抗蚜威的检测方法,并且2种中药样品中不含有克百威和抗蚜威.该方法出峰快,能避开受试中药中基质的干扰.

  9. 论陈澧的学术经世思想与实践%An Analysis of Chen li' s Thought and Practice of Integrating Academic Study with Current Affairs



    陈澧由于受阮元及其所创设的学海堂学风的影响,为学尊尚汉学,并在文字音训考据等领域作出了突出的研究成就。但是,由于受到鸦片战争及太平天国运动等内忧外患的冲击,陈澧中年以后的治学旨趣发生转向,他一面批评汉学末流空疏无用,一面表示应该兼采宋学之长,并将学风看作扭转世风的根本之策。不过,他虽然关注时局、主张禁止鸦片、重视科技实学和工商业,但其言论与著述无非是为了发挥传统儒学中“道术”对“治术”的佐助作用,即以学术来调节社会现实危机和世道人心,而这些都不能从根本上解决晚清时期所遭遇的社会总体性危机。%Affected by the school of Ruan Yuan(1764-L1849) and Xuehaitang which was set up by Ruan in t 820, Chert Li(1810-1882) showed respect for the Han Learning and made splendid achievements in the field of the textual research of phonetics and etymology. But stimulated by domestic trouble and foreign invasion such as the Opium War and the movement of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom etc., Chen Li began to change direction of his study since middle age, and regarded the style of study as key way of reversing the manners of real life. On one hand, he criticized that the later and decadent stage of the Hart Learning indulged in empty talk and ineffec- tive study, and suggested to absorb the merit Of the Song Learning on the other hand. Chen Li much attention to the current affairs, wished to ban on opium-smoking and the opium trade and valued the importance of science and technology as well as industry and commerce. He expected his words and works play the adjuvant role of the "Daoshu" upon the "Zhishu" in the traditional Confucianism, which means to take the learning as the key res- cue of the social crises and manners, but what he did could not thoroughly resolve all of the social problems in the late Qing Dynasty.

  10. DNA Extraction and Ribosomal DNA-ITS Sequence Molecule Barcode Identification from Wood Tissue of Dalbergia odorifera T. Chen%降香黄檀木材DNA提取及rDNA-ITS序列条形码分子鉴定

    余敏; 张浩; 刘盛全; 金青; 李大周


    以不同产地人工林中采取的降香黄檀( Dalbergia odorifera T. Chen)木材为研究对象,提取并扩增不同温度处理后的降香黄檀心、边材DNA和ITS片段,分析不同温度处理对降香黄檀木材DNA提取和PCR扩增的影响;对不同产地的降香黄檀木材及其近缘种多裂黄檀( Dalbergia rimosa Roxb)木材的rDNA-ITS序列进行测定和差异分析。结果表明,25℃和65℃热处理后的木材DNA呈不同程度的弥散分布,105℃热处理后的木材DNA降解成250bp以下的小片段;不同温度处理后的降香黄檀木材,仅有25℃处理后的木材ITS片段能够被成功地扩增。降香黄檀和多裂黄檀ITS序列共存在6个变异位点且ITS2区变异大于ITS1区,聚类分析结果可以将降香黄檀及其近缘种多裂黄檀木材区分开来,为利用ITS条形码序列鉴定降香黄檀木材及其常见混伪品提供理论依据。%The wood of Dalbergia odorifera T. Chen originated from different sites of plantations were sampled as materials in this paper. DNA from the sapwood and heartwood of D. odorifera treated with various temperature was extracted and amplified for the internal transcribed space ( ITS) sequences. The effects of various temperature treatments on DNA extraction and amplification for target sequences were analyzed. The rDNA-ITS sequences of D. odorifera from different habitats and D. rimosa Roxb, a closely related species, were sequenced and their divergences were analyzed. The results showed that there were varying extents of diffusion with the DNA extracts from the heat treatment of 25℃ and 65℃, and the DNA from the heat treatment of 105℃ was degraded and smaller than 250bp. The ITS sequences can be amplified successfully from wood after 25℃ heat treatments. The distribution of vriations in ITS2 regions of D. odorifera and D. rimosa was larger than ITS1 regions and there were 6 variable sites in both of ITS regions. D. odorifera and D. rimosa could be

  11. Further Study of the Two-way Second Language AcquisitionMode--ADiscussionwithMr.ChenJianmin%再论第二语言双向习得研究模式--兼与陈建民先生商榷



    This paper analyses the defects in Chen Jianmin’s paper Study Mode of Second Language Acquisition ——A Case Study of the Degree Adverb“ 更 ”in Chinese and“ も っ と ”in Japanese. There are four defects. The argument is not rigorous;the comparative analysis is not thorough;the literary styles of corpora are not consistent;reasoning is not correct. About these defects, we use effective corpora to make comparative and error analyses of Chinese and Japanese degree adverbs, and introduce the future research tasks on the two-way second language acquisition.%本文分析了陈建明先生《第二语言习得研究模式初探——以汉语程度副词“更”和日语程度副词“もっと”的分析为例》一文存在的缺陷:立论有失严谨;对比分析不深入;对比分析使用的语料库的文体不一致;推理不正确。针对文章的缺陷,本文利用有效的语料对汉日程度副词再次进行了对比分析和误用分析,并提出今后双向二语习得研究的课题。

  12. 刘弼臣教授中医儿科“调肺学派”探源%Professor LIU Bi-chen's ‘the lung school thought’ in Chinese medicine academy of pediatrics



    Based on the learning and working experience of contemporary pediatrics masterof Chinese medicine LIU Bi-chen, as the main line, discusses the formation and development process and reasons for the formation of pediatric schools of traditional Chinese medicine 'regulating the lung school'. The professor LIU emphasized 'syndrome differentiation and treatment from five zang viscera, especially from lung theory', and lists the practical application of viewpoint in the clinical work. The article expounds the theoretical basis and the forming process of 'the Shao Yang theory' advocated by professor LIU, and resolved the dispute between 'Chun Yang theory' and 'Zhiyin Zhiyang theory' in the pediatrics of Chinese medicine in the long-term, and better explained the basic physiological and pathological characteristics of children, riched the basic theory of pediatrics of Chinese medicine.%文章以当代中医儿科大家刘弼臣教授的学习、从医经历为主线,论述了中医儿科流派“调肺学派”的形成和发展过程以及形成的原因,强调刘教授的“精于五脏证治,突出从肺论治”的学术观点,并列举该观点在临床工作中的实际应用.详细阐述了刘教授倡导的“少阳学说”的理论依据和形成过程,解决了长期在中医儿科界的“纯阳学说”和“稚阴稚阳学说”之争,较好的解释了儿童的基本生理和病理特点,丰富了中医儿科基本理论.

  13. “诗史互证”研究方法初探--以陈寅恪《读》为例%Mutual interpretation between poetry and history--Chen Yin-ke’s "read " as an example



    “诗史互证”包括“以诗证史”、“以史证诗”和“诗史互证”三个方面。自中国文学传统始,诗歌与历史同根共源,有着内在不可分离的联系。作为学术研究方法的“诗史互证”,充分结合了此二种文体的内在机制,以历史真实与文本真实相互参照,对文学作品的阐释视野进行了极大地拓展。本文以陈寅恪《读》的研究方法为例,讨论“诗史互证”研究方法在文学研究中的实践与缺憾。%Mutual interpretation between poetry and history includes prove history with poem, the poems in history, mutual interpretation between poetry and history three aspects. Since the beginning of Chinese literary tradition, people who share the common source, poetry and history have inherent integral connection. As academic research method of "people", fully combines the internal mechanism of the two kinds of style, with the historical truth and text real cross-references, explanations of literary works greatly extended. This paper takes Chen Yin-ke’s "read " as an example, discusses the practice and regret of mutual interpretation between poetry and history in the study of research methods in the literature.

  14. 风雨飘摇中的历史叙述——重读陈翔鹤历史小说的批评%A Precarious Historical Narration: Criticism on Chen Xianghe's Historical Novels



    60年代中期,陈翔鹤的历史小说受到批判主要集中在四个方面:对陶渊明的评价,借古讽今,嵇康的叛逆精神,历史背景.他的历史小说因为坚持个性化的历史叙述,偏离了主流文学的要求而受到批判,这种政治化的批评给当时的文学创作带来了十分有害的影响.虽然他的个性化创作受到过批评,但在文学史上仍有着深远的意义和影响,不仅推动了当时历史小说创作的小高潮,而且其创作方法对后来的新历史小说创作都有很大的启发性.%During the 60s last century, Chen Xianghet's historical novels had been criticized because of four aspects: his evaluation on Tao Yuanming, his writing being an irony to the modern time, his praise of Ji Kang's re-bellious spirit, and the historical background in his novels. Such personal narration of historical novels had been criticized because it had been considered to be a departure from the mainstream of literary creation. But this kind of criticism out of political motivation had done great harm to literary creation at that time. The author thinks that his historical novels, though being once criticized in the past, his personal narration style is still of significance in its promotion of the creation of historical novels at that time and in its influence on the creation of historical novels at present.

  15. A Review of Research on Chen Heqin's Thoughts on Early Childhood Education in the Past 30 Years%陈鹤琴幼儿教育思想研究30年发展概况

    杨颖慧; 张永英


    陈鹤琴逝世后的三十年间,有关陈鹤琴幼儿教育思想的研究大致经历了三个阶段;研究内容涉及其生平、活教育理论、儿童心理及其研究方法、各领域课程与教学、玩具与游戏、家庭教育、师范教育、特殊教育、比较研究以及实践应用研究等方面;研究成果呈现出量上不断丰富、质上日趋细化和深化的趋势,研究具有明显的时代特色。不过,相关研究仍存在内容重复、零散,方法单一等不足。陈鹤琴幼儿教育思想研究有待进一步向纵深拓展。%In the last 30 years since Chen Heqin's death, the research on his thoughts underwent three phases; the research contents involved his life, educational ideas, children's, psychology and research methodology, curriculum and teaching in various areas, toy play, family education, teacher education, special education, comparative study and application study, etc.; and the research results were increasingly rich in quantity and refined in quality with distinctive time specialty. However, repetition and disorganization in contents and monotony in methodology were detected in the research. Therefore, further research on Chen's thoughts should be encouraged.

  16. Chen Fa had Inherited and Carried forward the Theory of Traditional Solution "I Ching" Style%论陈法对传统解《易》体例的继承和发挥



    The solution I Ching style is reading the "I Ching",the basic principles and methods,which are mainly embodied in the home easy to hexagram and hexagrams words like the relationship between different answer.The relationship between different answer,it produces easy home different solution easy principle,for example,or main take like said,or main take righteousness,or take like,take righteousness and mining and so on.To take like or take righteousness as the foundation,easy home and put forward a series of careful reading style,such as Yao one said,trigram variable said,mutual body said,etc.Chen Fa have inherited and develop the traditional solution easy style in the easy depicting ",its easy research methods,get the affirmation of the author who has compiled "Catalogue Abstract of Four Treasures".%解易体例,即解读《周易》经、传的基本原则和方法,主要体现为易学家对卦爻象和卦象辞关系的不同回答。对这一关系的回答不同,就产生了易学家不同的解易原则,或主取象说,或主取义说,或取象、取义说兼采等等。以取象或取义说为基础,易学家又提出一系列细致的解读体例,如爻位说、卦变说、互体说等。陈法在《易笺》中继承和发挥了传统的解易体例,其易学研究方法,得到《四库全书提要》作者的肯定。

  17. To Study the Compatibility of the ErChen Decoction by Uniform Design of Experiments with Mixtures%混料均匀设计法研究二陈汤的配伍机制

    张超云; 赵清超; 黄显章; 席先蓉


    目的:研究二陈汤的配伍机制;方法:采用混料均匀试验设计对二陈汤方中组成药味及药量进行加减拆方,并选择止咳、化痰两个药理指标,对所得11个处方分别进行药理实验,采用关联度分析和二次多项式逐步回归分析将所得药理数据和处方组成进行处理,用现代科学方法研究二陈汤的配伍机制;结果:证明了方中以半夏为君、以陈皮为臣、佐以茯苓、使以甘草的配伍关系,与该复方中药的传统诠释相一致;结论:本研究为探讨复方总要的配伍机制提供了有意义的尝试.%Objective :To study the compatibility of the ErChen decoction;Methods:Ethanol extract test solutions of the different combinations were prepared according to the uniform design of experiments with mixtures ( U114 ), pharmacologic experiments,such as arresting cough,resolving phlegm. the diuretic effect were carried out with relationed grade analisis and quadratic stepwise regression analisis were applied to interrelationship between the amount of each drug and the pharmacologic data;Results :The results confirmed Rhizoma pinelliae and Pericarpium citri reticulatae are the basis medicines of the decoction,while Poria and Licorice are the adjuvant of it;Conclusion:This study provided a significant try of studying the compatibility of composite herbal medicines.

  18. Chen Yun' s Thinking on Carrying Forward Intra-Party Democracy Is of Great Value of Our time%陈云党内民主建设思想及其当代价值



    As an important member of the first and second generations of central collective leadership of the CPC, Chen Yun made contributions to Party building in both theories and practice .His thinking on carrying forward in- tra-Party democracy involves the system of intra- Party democratic activities, democratic centralism, democratization and scientization of policy making within the Party, relationship between democracy and legal systems, and expanding intra-Party democracy to develop people' s democracy. This thinking of his still has great value in the present period. Therefore, it is a must to further improve intra-Party democratic centralism, strengthen legal systems to guarantee democracy, constantly strengthen intra-Party supervision, and expand intra-Party democracy to develop and promote people' s democracy.%作为第一代、第二代中央领导集体的重要成员,陈云对党的建设从理论到实践都有重大建树。其党内民主建设思想涉及党内民主生活制度、民主集中制建设、党内决策的民主化和科学化、民主和法制的关系、发扬党内民主以带动人民民主等诸多方面。陈云的党内民主建设思想在现阶段仍然具有显明的价值:必须进一步完善党内民主集中制;加强法制建设以保障民主,不断加强党内监督;以发展党内民主带动和推进人民民主。

  19. Zhengxing Chen* and Wilna Oldewage-Theron

    One of the strategies to overcome the high .... sponsored by the Food and Agriculture Organization ... research institutions or industries, poor distribution networks .... often results in changes in colour and flavour due to ... fortificants that are more resistant to interaction with .... fortification could successfully reduce IDA [30-32].

  20. A Remark on Chen's Theorem (Ⅱ)

    Yingchun CAI


    Let p denote a prime and P2 denote an almost prime with at most two prime factors. The author proves that for sufficiently large x,∑ρ≤хр+2=P21 >1.13Cx/log2x, where the constant 1.13 constitutes an improvement of the previous result 1.104 due to J. Wu.

  1. Reinigung superhydrophober Oberflächen

    Dallmann, Silke


    The unique surface structure of the lotus leaf in combination with hydrophobic epicuticular wax crystalloids results in extreme water repellency and self-cleaning properties. In recent years biomimetic superhydrophobic surfaces have been fabricated by mimicking the structure of the lotus leaf. The biggest problem of the fine surface roughness is the sensitivity to oily contaminants and mechanical stress which limit the application of technical superhydrophobic sur...

  2. Detection of Oxidation Resisting Activity and Content of Flavonoid in Different ChenPi with HPLC%用HPCL 检测不同成药时间陈皮中类黄酮含量及其抗氧化活性



    目的:采用HPLC 法,检测不同成药时间陈皮中类黄酮含量及其抗氧化活性.方法:以柠檬酸- 乙酸铵缓冲液和甲醇为流动相,利用梯度洗脱,分析1 年、2 年、3 年、5 年陈皮中橘皮素、新橙皮苷、柚皮苷、橙皮苷、川陈皮素、槲皮素、芦丁、圣草枸杞苷的含量并利用FRAP 和DPPH 法评价不同成药时间陈皮提取物抗氧化活性.结果:5 年、3 年陈皮中8 种类黄酮组分的含量均高于1、2 年的陈皮和新鲜陈皮,5 年陈皮抗氧化活性高达11.07 mg/gDW.结论:陈皮的抗氧化活性与8 种类黄酮组分的总量呈显著正相关关系.%Objective: To determine contents of flavonoid and its oxidation resisting activity in different ChenPi (Citrus Reticulata) with HPLC. Method: Hesperetin, neohesperidin, naringoside, hesperidin, nobiletin, quercetin, me-lim and eriocitrin in ChenPi of one year, two years and five years were analyzed with gradient elution, in which mobile phase was citric acid-ammonium acetate buffer and methanol, and their oxidation resisting activities from different ChenPi were evaluated with FRAP and DPPH. Result: Contents of eight kinds of flavonoids in ChenPi of three years and five years were higher than that in ChenPi of one year, two years and fresh one, Oxidation resisting activity of extract from five years was up to 11.07 mg/g DW. Conclusion: There was notable positive relationship between total contents of eight kinds of flavonoids and their oxidation resisting activity.

  3. 道德实践中的认知、意愿与性格——论程朱对“知而不行”的解释%Knowing, Will and Character in Moral Practice: A Study on Cheng Yi and Zhu Xi's Explanations of "Knowing without Doing"



    "Knowing without doing" is a common phenomenon in human life, which contains a philosophical puzzle that why people don't do what they think right. Focusing on the case of Cheng Yi and Zhu Xi, this paper makes a complete investigation on the explanations of "knowing without doing" in Chinese philosophy. It holds that Cheng and Zhu's explanations can be divided into three dimensions which correspond separately with knowing, will and character. Comparing with the Western philosophy, Cheng and Zhu's thinking presents a characteristic of comprehensiveness. Some statements of Cheng and Zhu, such as the sayings about "seeing principle", "self-abandon", "weakness" and "material endowment", are all representatives of Han philo- sophical thinking, which would be a useful source for the related discussions in the contemporary moral philos- ophy, philosophy of mind and theory of action.%“知而不行”是生活中常见的现象,比如,一个人知道吸烟不好,却依然吸烟;知道应该帮助他人,却没有付诸行动。儒学,尤其是宋明理学,作为一种强调道德修养和道德实践的学问,对道德领域的“知而不行”现象,给予了更多关注。从二程到朱熹到王阳明,都对这个问题做过正面回应,其中蕴含了值得注意的哲学观点。在西方哲学中,“知而不行”问题与意志软弱(akrasia,weaknessofwill)问题联系在一起,从古代的苏格拉底、亚里士多德,到中世纪的奥古斯丁、阿奎那,再到近代的休谟、康德乃至当代的戴维森,很多哲学家都留下了关于这个问题的看法。①晚近一些海外中国哲学研究者尝试结合西方哲学的相关理论,对中国哲学中的意志软弱问题做比较研究。②本文将聚焦于朱熹及其理论先导程颐的有关论述,运用道德哲学话语分析他们对“知而不行”问题的解释,并探讨其对当代关于道德行动的研究有怎样的启示。

  4. Clinical Observation on Early Treatment of Multiple Injuries of Bone and Joint with the Combination of Xue Fu Zhu Yu Tang and Injury Control%血府逐瘀汤联合损伤控制技术早期救治骨关节多发伤的疗效观察

    王旭光; 初海滨; 鞠传宝


    Objective To sum up the curative effect of the early treatment of bone and joint injury by the combination of Xue Fu Zhu Yu Tang and injury control technology. Methods Our hospital between January 2014 and December 2015 were treated 112 cases of joint multiple trauma patients as the research object of this experiment, according to the double blind method will be involved in the study of patients, divided into two different groups, two groups of patients the appellation of the control group respectively, and the team, each group of 56 patients, control group patients use the conventional methods for treatment, the team is to provide patients with therapeutic and the combined treatment of damage control technology. Results After the operation, the team with the total effective was 96.43%, signiifcantly higher than control group in patients with 85.71%, the comparison between the two groups, data signiifcant difference (P<0.05).Patients in the study group were pain stop time, swelling clearance time and hospitalization time were less than the control group patients, the difference between the groups was signiifcant. Conclusion The combination of Xue Fu Zhu Yu Tang and the therapeutic joint damage control technology in the early treatment polytrauma curative effect is obvious, bone can be promoted.%目的:总结血府逐瘀汤联合损伤控制技术早期救治骨关节多发伤的疗效。方法选取本院2014年1月至2015年12月收治的112例骨关节多发伤患者作为本次实验的研究对象,根据双盲法将参与研究的患者,分为两个不同的组别,两组患者的称谓分别为对照组以及研究组,每组各56例患者,对照组的患者使用常规的方法进行治疗,研究组则为患者提供血府逐瘀汤以及损伤控制技术的联合治疗。结果手术后,研究组患者的总有效为96.43%,明显高于对照组患者的85.71%,两组间比较,数据差异显著,(P<0.05)。研究组患者疼痛停止时

  5. 四川省绵竹市教师人群代谢综合征的患病率和相关危险因素的分析%A survey of metabolic syndrome and its related risk factors among teachers in Sichuan MianZhu

    刘永康; 张光兵; 扬万双; 罗隽


      目的探求四川省绵竹市教师人群代谢综合症(metabolic syndrome MS)的患病率和相关危险因素的流行病学特征.方法采用《2007中国成人血脂异常防治指南》推荐的代谢综合症诊断标准,对2012年5月-9月在我院体检的5211例(男2247例,女2964例,年龄22-91岁)绵竹市教师人群进行调查分析.结果绵竹市教师人群代谢综合征的总体患病率为13.1%,其中青年组患病率2.1%,中年组患病率15.3%、老年组患病率24.8%.各危险因素中腹型肥胖36.0%、糖代谢异常22.1%、血脂异常25.9%、高血压22.0%.Logistic回归分析证实,腹型肥胖、糖代谢异常、血脂异常、高血压是代谢综合征的危险因素.结论①四川省绵竹市教师人群代谢综合症的患病率与全国大中城市代谢综合症的患病率相当.②腹型肥胖、糖代谢异常、血脂异常、高血压是代谢综合征的重要危险因素.%  Objective: To explore the epidemiological characteristics of metabolic syndrome and its related risk factors among teachers in Sichuan MianZhu. Methods: A survey of metabolic syndrome and its related risk factors was conducted among 5211 teachers (including 2247 males and 2964 females, aged22-91 years) while physical examination was undergoing in our Hospital from May to September 2012. The diagnostic criterias commended by the chinese guideline about prevention and cure of dyslipidemia in adults 2007 were used for the identification of MS.The risk factors of metabolic syndrome were analyzed with multiple logistic regression. Results: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome was 13.1%, young age-group was 2.1%, middle age-group was 15.3%,older age-group was 24.8%.36.0% with obesity, 22.1% with abnormal glycometabolism, 25.9%with dyslipidemia, 22.0% with hypertension. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that the risk factors of metabolic syndrome were obesity, abnormal glycometabolism, dyslipidemia and hypertension

  6. Characteristic Analysis of a Multi-day Pollution Event in Chang-Zhu-Tan Metropolitan Area During October 2013%2013年10月长株潭城市群一次持续性空气污染过程特征分析

    廖志恒; 范绍佳; 黄娟; 孙家仁


    Chang-Zhu-Tan Metropolitan Area experienced a typical multi-day pollution event in October 2013. Based on the air pollution index, conventional pollutants observations, surface meteorological observations and sounding data, the relationships of air pollution, large-scale circumfluence and boundary layer meteorology of this event were comprehensively analyzed. Additionally, the sources and transport paths of pollutions were investigated by application of satellite remote sensing data and HYSPLIT4 model. The results showed that pollutants gradually accumulated in the earlier stage of the event (October 21th to 26th), while in the later stage (October 27th to 31th) the characteristic pollutants of crop residue burning (PM2. 5 , CO, NO2 ) sharply increased. The deterioration of air quality in the later stage was mainly related to the remote transport of pollutants caused by straw burning. Analysis of simulations of HYSPLIT4 model and fire spots showed that the currents mainly came from Anhui and Hubei Province in the earlier stage, while in the later stage they were mainly from Jiangxi Province where fire spots were intensively located. Stable atmospheric stratification caused by steady uniform high-pressure field and slight wind due to the confrontation of cold and warm currents greatly contributed to the development, maintainability and reinforcement of the pollution event. The remote transport of pollutants had a significant impact on ambient air quality of Chang-Zhu-Tan Metropolitan Area.%2013年10月21~31日长株潭城市群经历了一次持续性空气污染过程.利用地面空气质量监测资料、地面气象资料及探空资料综合分析了此次污染过程与大气环流、边界层气象条件之间的相互关系,并利用卫星遥感火点监测资料和HYSPLIT4模式,分析了此次过程大气污染物的来源及输送路径.结果表明,过程前期(21~26日),污染物缓慢积累,过程后期(27~31日),PM2.5、 CO、 NO2等焚烧特征污

  7. Retraction statement: 'Formin-like2 regulates Rho/ROCK pathway to promote actin assembly and cell invasion of colorectal cancer' by Yuanfeng Zeng, Huijun Xie, Yudan Qiao, Jianmei Wang, Xiling Zhu, Guoyang He, Yuling Li, Xiaoli Ren, Feifei Wang, Li Liang and Yanqing Ding.


    The above article in Cancer Science (doi: 10.1111/cas.12768), published online on 26 October 2015 in Wiley Online Library (, has been retracted by agreement between the authors, the journal Editor in Chief, Yusuke Nakamura, and Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd. The retraction has been agreed as Panels +C3 and +Y27632 of SW480 Mock shown in Figure 2a appear to have been taken from the same image, Panels + C3 and +Y27632 of HT29 FMNL2 shown in Figure 2a appear to have been taken from the same image, Panels shFMNL2-1 and shmDial1-1 in Figure 3a appear to have been taken from the same image, shFMNL2-2 and shmDial1-2 in Figure 3a appear to have been taken from the same image, Panels of shFMNL2-1 + shmDial1-1 and shFMNL2-1 + shmDial1-2 of +LPA appear to have been taken from the same image, gel bands of FLAG in Figure 4e appear to have been have been manipulated by erasing gel bands. Reference Zeng Y, Xie H, Qiao Y, Wang J, Zhu X, He G, Li Y, Ren X, Wang F, Liang L, Ding Y. Formin-like2 regulates Rho/ROCK pathway to promote actin assembly and cell invasion of colorectal cancer. Cancer Sci 2015; 106: 1385-93. doi: 10.1111/cas.12768.

  8. 从《罗密欧与朱丽叶》和《哈姆雷特》看朱生豪译者风格%On Zhu Shenghao’s Translator’s Style in Romeo and Juliet and Hamlet



      莎士比亚的戏剧流传至今与它的思想、语言艺术有着紧密的联系。作为莎剧翻译中的一员,朱生豪显示了他天才的才情与手段。他的译本至今仍然深受广大的读者的欢迎。该文旨在通过对《罗密欧与朱丽叶》《哈姆雷特》两本译作的分析来研究朱生豪的译者风格。文章采用了宏观和微观的视角,运用翻译问题学理论从语言学各个层面探讨了译文的风格特征,并且宏观上分析了译本中对原文主题和语气的风格的把握。最后总结归纳了朱生豪的译者风格特征。%  Zhu Shenghao rendered Shakespeare’s plays in the form of prose in vernacular Chinese. This thesis intends to take a descriptive view and find the overall style he shows in his translations. This thesis chooses two of his works Romeo and Juliet and Hamlet and the theory of Translation Stylistics and the method of quantitative, comparative qualitative analysis are utilized. After comparison and analysis, the author has located several features of his translation style.


    邱建; 崔珩


    Along with the industrial revolution in western countries, the concerns with issues of residence, public health, and environment protection, etc., brought about the emergence of modern city planning discipline. Its contents and ideology has been introduced into China's city planning education in early time. Between the 1920s and 1930s, Tangshan Campus of Jiaotong University offered related courses under the Department of Municipal and Sanitation Engineering, such as urban planning and design, planning administration and management, planning technology, etc., which started the early city planning education in China. Employed as a professor to teach city planning, Mr. ZHU Jieping made a significant contribution to the early city planning education and research in terms of textbook compilation, educational methodology, educational ideology, education practice and planning theory.%西方工业革命进程中对居住问题、公共卫生、环境保护等问题的关注孕育了现代城市规划学科,其视野与思想也被应用于我国早期城市规划教育.20世纪20-30年代,交通大学唐山学校市政卫生工程科下设置了规划设计、规划行政与管理、规划技术等相关课程,启动了早期的城市规划教学.朱皆平先生作为唐山工学院的受聘教授讲授城市规划课程,在教材建设、教学方法、教育理念、教学实践和规划理论上为城市规划的早期教育与学术研究做出了重要贡献.

  10. Simultaneous determination of three alkaloids, four ginsenosides and limonin in the plasma of normal and headache rats after oral administration of Wu-Zhu-Yu decoction by a novel ultra fast liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method: application to a comparative pharmacokinetics and ethological study.

    Xu, Huarong; Li, Qing; Yin, Yidi; Lv, Chunxiao; Sun, Wanyang; He, Bosai; Liu, Ran; Chen, Xiaohui; Bi, Kaishun


    A novel, sensitive and reliable ultra fast liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UFLC-MS/MS) method has been developed and validated for simultaneous quantitation of eight main active ingredients (evodiamine, rutaecarpine, dehydroevodiamine, limonin, ginsenoside Rb1, Rd, Re and Rg1) in rat plasma after oral administration of Wu-Zhu-Yu (WZY) decoction, which is a celebrated and widely used Traditional Chinese Medicine formula for the treatment of headache. The analytes and internal standard (IS) were separated on a SHIM-PACK XR-ODS II column, and the detection was performed on a UFLC-MS/MS system with turbo ion spray source. The lower limits of quantification were 1.5, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, 2.0, 1.0, 0.5 and 0.2 ng ml(-1) for evodiamine, rutaecarpine, dehydroevodiamine, limonin, gensenoside Rb1, Rd, Re and Rg1, respectively. Linearity, accuracy, precision and absolute recoveries of the eight analytes were all within satisfaction. The IS-normalized matrix factor was adopted for assessing the matrix effect and accompanied with a satisfactory result. The validated method has been successfully applied to compare pharmacokinetic profiles of the eight active ingredients in rat plasma between normal and headache rats after administration. Exact pharmaceutical effect of WZY decoction on headache was demonstrated by the ethological response of headache rats induced by nitric oxide donor after administration. The results indicated that the absorption of evodiamine, rutaecarpine, gensenoside Rb1, Re and Rg1 in headache group were significantly higher than those in normal group with similar concentration-time curves while no significant differences existed in limonin and ginsenoside Rd between the two groups.

  11. Retraction statement: ‘Formin‐like2 regulates Rho/ROCK pathway to promote actin assembly and cell invasion of colorectal cancer’ by Yuanfeng Zeng, Huijun Xie, Yudan Qiao, Jianmei Wang, Xiling Zhu, Guoyang He, Yuling Li, Xiaoli Ren, Feifei Wang, Li Liang and Yanqing Ding


    The above article in Cancer Science (doi: 10.1111/cas.12768), published online on 26 October 2015 in Wiley Online Library (, has been retracted by agreement between the authors, the journal Editor in Chief, Yusuke Nakamura, and Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd. The retraction has been agreed as Panels +C3 and +Y27632 of SW480 Mock shown in Figure 2a appear to have been taken from the same image, Panels + C3 and +Y27632 of HT29 FMNL2 shown in Figure 2a appear to have been taken from the same image, Panels shFMNL2‐1 and shmDial1‐1 in Figure 3a appear to have been taken from the same image, shFMNL2‐2 and shmDial1‐2 in Figure 3a appear to have been taken from the same image, Panels of shFMNL2‐1 + shmDial1‐1 and shFMNL2‐1 + shmDial1‐2 of +LPA appear to have been taken from the same image, gel bands of FLAG in Figure 4e appear to have been have been manipulated by erasing gel bands. Reference ZengY , XieH , QiaoY , WangJ , ZhuX , HeG , LiY , RenX , WangF , LiangL , DingY . Formin‐like2 regulates Rho/ROCK pathway to promote actin assembly and cell invasion of colorectal cancer. Cancer Sci 2015; 106: 1385–93. doi: 10.1111/cas.12768 26258642 PMID:27420476

  12. 加味苓桂术甘汤联合短期极低热量饮食改变人体治疗反应性的临床观察%Modified Ling- Gui -Zhu- Gan Decoction Combined with Short- term Very- Low-Calorie -Diets to Improve the Therapeutic Response of Human Body

    陈丁生; 孟君; 柯斌; 汪园园; 张俊杰; 秦鉴


    加味苓桂术甘汤联合短期极低热量饮食是把传统中医中药元素有机地融入禁食疗法中的一种新型自然疗法.通过短期限制有形食物的摄取,只喝小米汤,并服用温化痰饮、泄浊健脾中药,重建“脾主运化”功能,从而改变人体对治疗的反应性,提高治疗(包括口服药物、外用药和饮食控制等)的效果.文章例举糖尿病、慢性湿疹及其它一些临床病例以证明本疗法改善人体治疗反应性的客观存在,并就可能机理进行初步探讨.%Modified Ling - Gui - Zhu - Gan Decoction Combined with Short - term Very - low - calorie - diets is a new physiocracy that combines fasting with the traditional Chinese medicine organically. By Short - term limitation of formed diet in combination with traditional Chinese medicine that are "warming and resolving phlegm and fluid retention" and "turbid - diarrhoea and invigorating spleen" ,we rebuild the function of "spleen controlling digestion" to improve the therapeutic response of human body and enhance the effectiveness of management ( such as oral medication, drug for external use, diet control, and so on). Here we describe some cases of diabetes mellitus, chronic eczema and other diseases to prove the fact that TCM fasting therapy can improve the therapeutic response of human body and to study the possible mechanism.

  13. 论陈独秀文学思想的启蒙现代性和政治先锋性%On the Enlightenment Modernity and Political Pioneer Spirit of Chen Duxiu' s Literary Thought

    冯慧敏; 谢昭新


    陈独秀文学思想是在19世纪末和20世纪初思想启蒙运动中建立起来的。其文学思想带有鲜明的思想启蒙现代性和政治革命先锋性的特点。他的启蒙现代性主要是重视文学传播革命思想,唤起国民思想觉悟;吸收西方进步文化思想,批判封建旧文化、旧文学的彻底革命精神;他的政治“先锋性”主要以民主主义思想为指导,以政治革命为意图而发动文学革命,重视文学的政治功能,提倡文学为人生的现实主义原则,用全新的观念确立小说的文学正宗地位。%Founded in the Ideological Enlightenment Movement of the late 19th century and the early 20th century, Chen Duxiu' s literary thought was characterized by distinct enlightenment modernity and political revolu- tionary pioneer spirit. His enlightenment modernity lay in his heeding the dissemination of revolutionary ideas via literature to arouse the national ideological consciousness as well as in his thorough revolutionary spirit of absorbing the western progressive cultural thought and of criticizing the traditional feudal culture and literature. His political pioneer spirit was embodied in his launch of a literary revolution for a political revolution under the guidance of the democratic thought so as to value the political function of literature, to advocate the principle of realism--literature is for life, and to establish the authentic literary status of fiction via brand-new notions.

  14. The Evolution and Sharp Changes in the Transition -On the Transmutation of CHEN Zhongshi' s Novel Creation%过渡中的渐进和蜕变——论陈忠实小说创作的嬗变



    在过渡阶段的陈忠实清醒地意识到文化背景和地域环境对于人物性格形成和命运走向的重要性。《梆子老太》、《到老杨树背后去》等作品已开始关注和着力刻画历史文化背景和地域环境对人物心理与命运的影响,并以建构人物的文化心理结构为创作重心;《蓝袍先生》的写作则预示了作家关于对民族命运的宏大命题的思考,使作家萌发了更为巨大的艺术"野心",因而诞生了创作一部"民族秘史"的初衷。作者对以往的创作进行了深刻的反思,同时又注重对文学经典的吸纳,终于如凤凰涅槃般地完成了长篇巨制《白鹿原》的创作。%CHEN Zhongshi in the transition acutely awares the important of cultural backgrounds and geographical environment for the formation and destiny trend of characters. Such works as Bang Zi Lao Tai,Dao Lao Yang Shu Bei Hou Que,etc. begin to pay attention to and delineate the influence of cultural backgrounds and geographical environment on characters' osvehology and destiny, and take the construction of characters' Lan Pao Xian Sheng indicates cultural and psychological structure the writer' s thinking about national sprout great artistic "ambitions", so coming into being the original as creative focus. The writing of destiny, which makes the writer intention of creating "a national secret history". The writer carries on a profound reflection on past works,and pays attention to absorbing literary classics ,finally completes the long masterpiece Bai Lu Yuan.

  15. On Research of the Era of Kechang Chen Became Immortal in the Dragon Boat Festival%《陈可常端阳仙化》为明代作品考

    田冬梅; 张颖夫


    "San Yan"are the best novels' collections of vernacular short stories in ancient China. There are still lots of controversies and research space about the novels' creative era. Through investigation, the author believes that the novel of Kechang Chen Became Immortal in the Dragon Boat Festival was created in the Ming Dynasty. First of all, the author questioned the previous researching point of view that they thought the novel was written in the Song Dynasty;secondly, according to the differences of the criminal justice system in the Song, the Yuan, the Ming Dynasty, the change of "Samen Island" territorial right, proved that the novel couldn't be written in the Southern Song Dynasty;finally, according to the administrative divisions' history of the "Wenzhou government" and "Lin'an government", the author proved that the novel was written in the Ming Dynasty.%  “三言”是中国古代成就最高的白话短篇小说集,关于其中作品的成书时代依然存在着很大的争议和研究空间。《警世通言·陈可常端阳仙化》一文,胡士莹和郑振铎两位先生认为是宋人话本,实则应为明代作品。首先,对前人提出的“宋人话本”说的研究观点提出质疑;其次,根据宋元明时期刑法制度的差异,“沙门岛”领土所属权的变化,证明这篇作品绝非创作于南宋时期;最后,根据“温州府”和“临安府”行政区划的历史沿革,进一步证明这篇小说为明代作品。

  16. Loss of Genetic Diversity of Domesticated Panax notoginseng F H Chen as Evidenced by ITS Sequence and AFLP Polymorphism: A Comparative Study with P. stipuleanatus H T Tsai et K M Feng

    Shi-Liang ZHOU; Gao-Ming XIONG; Zhong-Yi LI; Jun WEN


    In the present study, we evaluated the genetic diversity of Panax notoginseng F H Chen, a domesticated species, and P. stipuleanatus H T Tsai et K M Feng, an endangered wild species in southeastern Yunnan and adjacent areas in Vietnam, using sequences of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) regions of nuclear ribosomal DNA and amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) markers. Twenty-four accessions from three plantations of P. notoginseng and 51 samples from eight populations of P. stipuleanatus were assayed. A total of 694 bp of partial sequences of 18S, ITS 1, 5.8S, ITS2, and partial sequences of 26S were obtained. No sequence variation was detected within P. notoginseng and nine sites (1.30%) were variable in P. stipuleanatus. Two-thirds of the variable sites were found between Langqiao and other populations. In P. notoginseng, four pairs of AFLP primer combinations generated 312 bands, of which 240 (76.9%) were polymorphic and 60.15% of the polymorphisms were harbored within plantations. Approximately 41.0% and 66.9% of bands were polymorphic in population D7 and 5589, respectively. In P.stipuleanatus, the same four primer combinations produced 346 bands, of which 334 (96.5%) were polymorphic and approximately 62.14% of polymorphisms were maintained within populations. Considerable variations were observed. The percentage of polymorphic bands ranged from 50.2% to 84.9% and the average over populations was 70.9%. Cluster analysis did not show correlation of genetic differentiation with the distinctive leaf morphology of P. stipuleanatus (i.e. one form with bipinnatifid leaflets and the other with undivided leaflets). Because over 40% of genetic variations were maintained among populations and because of the very restricted distribution of P. stipuleanatus, all natural populations of this species should be conserved in situ. Considering that there are variations in P. notoginseng within and among plantations, we suggest establishing a genetic resource

  17. On the Academic History Value of Paperback Books Collected by Chen Yuan--A Concurrent Discussion on the Value of the National Library ’s Book Collection from Social Donation%陈垣藏平装本图书的学术史价值--兼论国图馆藏社会捐赠图书的价值



    接受社会捐赠,是图书馆馆藏资源建设的重要途径。文章以国家图书馆所藏著名历史学家、校勘学家陈垣先生赠书中的平装本图书为切入点,通过对陈垣先生治学之路的总括,深入分析了陈垣先生所藏平装本图书的来源——朋友圈、同事圈、学生圈之间的往来投赠,揭示了陈垣藏平装本图书的学术史价值。文章通过对陈垣平装本图书的分析,提出应该重视图书馆社会捐赠图书的整理与研究。%Accepting social donation is an important approach of library resource construction. With the paperback book collection in the National Library donated by Mr. Chen Yuan( a famous historian and emenda⁃tor) as the breakthrough point, this article, by an overall summary of his way of academic research, has a deep analysis of the sources of Mr. Chen Yuan ’s paperback book collection---gift exchanges from circles of friends, colleges and students, and it reveals the academic history value of those books. Through an analysis of Chen Yuan’s paperback books, the article proposes that importance should be attached to the reorganization, revela⁃tion and research of the library ’s books from social donation.

  18. Epania gressitti Huang, Chen & Cai, a new species intercepted in imported ebony timber from Papua New Guinea at Hainan port%海南口岸从巴新进境柿属木材中截获天牛新种——嘉氏萎鞘天牛

    蔡波; 敖苏; 韩玉春; 徐卫; 刘福秀; 林明光; 李伟东; 韩晓晖; 李治道


    海南口岸从巴布亚新几内亚进境柿属(Diospyros sp.)木材中截获一种天牛,经鉴定为天牛新种——嘉氏萎鞘天牛(Epania gressitti Huang,Chen&Cai,2014).本文对该种的形态特征进行了重描述,增加雄性生殖器的形态描述,并编制近似种检索表,供检疫鉴定时参考.

  19. Chemical Composition and Antibacterial Activity of the Essential Oils from Dalbergia odorifera T.Chen%海南花梨木花精油成分分析及其抑菌活性研究

    陈丽霞; 刘胜辉; 陈歆; 彭黎旭


    采用GC-MS联用技术检测了海南花梨木鲜花花精油的化学组成及相对含量,并采用苯醚甲环唑作为对照测定了该精油对香蕉枯萎病菌的抗菌活性.花精油中共鉴定出17种成分,包括烷烃类(53.33%)、邻苯二甲酸二丁酯(14.02%)、邻苯二甲酸二异辛酯(4.37%)、9,12-十八碳二烯酸(14.00%)、α-香树精(8.37%)、1-三十烷醇(2.57%)和二十八烷醇(1.45%)等.抑菌试验表明,花精油和苯醚甲环唑对香蕉枯萎病菌具有一定的抑制作用,其抑制作用随着处理浓度的加大而增强;在接种培养初期,苯醚甲环唑对香蕉枯萎病菌产生明显的抑制作用而花精油不明显,随着时间的延长,花精油对香蕉枯萎病菌的抑制作用逐渐变强,并在7d后与苯醚甲环唑的抑制作用无明显差异.%Chemical constituents and their contents of the essential oils from the flower of Dalbergia odorifera T. Chen were examined by GC-MS and then the anti-microbial activities of the essential oils to Fusarium oxysporum f. Sp. Cubense were tested. Quantitative determination was conducted using area normalization method. There were 17 chemical constituents identified in the essential oils. The major ones of the constituents were alkanes (53.33%), Dibutyl phthalate (14.02%)、 1, 2-Benzenedicarboxylic acid, diisooctyl ester (4.37%), 9,12-Octadecadienoic acid (14.00%), a-Amyrin (8.37%), 1, 30-Triacontanediol (2.57%), 1-Octacosanol (1.45%). The essential oils exhibited antimicrobial activities against Fusarium oxysporum f. Sp. Cubense. Variance analysis suggested that there was a significant difference of antimicrobial activity between essential oisl and difenoconazole at the beginning after treatment After 7 days, there was no significant difference in antimicrobial activity against Fusarium oxysporum £ sp. Cubense.

  20. 海南岛降香黄檀区系组成与群落特征分析%Floristic Composition and Community Characteristics of Dalbergia odorifera T. Chen, an Endemic Species to Hainan Island

    杨冬华; 陈福; 宋希强; 罗冠勇; 徐庆


    As an endemic specie to Hainan, Dalbergia odorifera T. Chen belongs to the second national-class important wild conservative plant, which not only used as a superior material timber for high-grade furniture and elegant handicraft, but also as a famous traditional Chinese medicine. We investigated wild population in Hainan island that showed there were 43 families of vascular plants including 68 genera and 71 species in Dalbergia odorifera wild community without obvious dominant family. The proportion of single-species families and the monotypic genera was high. The geographic element of the community flora was multiple, and predominant with tropical element. The wild community was distributed in two different habitats: the Limestone habitat and the Granite habitat. Dalbergia odorifera was adaptable to soil fertility and pH value. Excessive logging and habitat loss became main factors for this species to be seriously damaged. According to 1UCN criterion, it is regarded as to be CE (critically endangered) species. Therefore, scientific conservation strategy is put forward in this paperand acclimatization theory is provided which not only help to guide market demand but also support the sustainable utilization.%降香黄檀为国家二级重点保护野生植物.海南特有种.是制造高档家具和精美工艺品的上好材料及名贵药材。通过对海南降香黄檀自然分布区实地调查.发现降香黄檀群落包括维管束植物43科68属71种;优势科不明显。单种科和单种属所占比例较大;群落植物区系地理成分多样,以热带成分为主;野生群落分布于石灰岩生境和花岗岩生境两种生境类型;对土壤肥力和酸碱度有一定的适应幅度;其野生资源过度采伐,生境遭到严重破坏。按IUCN濒危等级标准评估.处于“极危濒危”状态。针对降香黄檀濒危现状和原因,提出科学的保育策略。研究结果为该物种的引种驯化提供基础依

  1. The Yangtze River Flows Eastward——On QING Zhu,a Pioneer in Modern Music in Huizhou China and His Works%大江东去——中国惠州近代音乐先驱青主及其歌曲创作

    马岩峰; 方爱兰


    青主是我国三十年代初对当时乐坛有着较深刻影响、积极宣传"为艺术而艺术"的代表人物。青主自幼受到中国传统文化思想的影响,他以为动人的音乐往往是一首首音诗,音乐家也首先是音乐的诗人,其美学思想、观点至今影响着中国的音乐教育。此外,青主将西方作曲技术与中国古典诗词完美结合的艺术形式,还体现在《大江东去》等艺术歌曲创作中,尤其《大江东去》堪称为我国艺术歌曲的经典之作。这在当时不仅是一种尝试、探索与创新,拓展了中国民族音乐的旋律语言,而且首开和创造了中国音乐新语境的先河。%QING Zhu was a representative in 1930s in China who had a far-reaching effect on music circles and actively spread the idea "art for art's sake".Growing up under the influence of Chinese traditional culture and thinking,he regarded pieces of moving music as poems and certainly musicians as poets.His aesthetic views and thoughts have influenced Chinese musical education so far.Furthermore,he combined western composing techniques with Chinese ancient poems perfectly to compose artistic songs like the Yangtse River Flows Eastward,a classical artistic song in China,thus developed language of melody in Chinese national music and first opened a new contert in Chinese music.This was really a new attempt,a trial and an innovation at that time.

  2. Zhu Yanyan—a White-collar Beauty


    EACH weekend Shanghai people refresh themselves after their work week by listening to the sweet and soft voice narrating a special travel program on the Shanghai Broadcasting Station. They follow the narrator as she explains the history, the present situations and the development

  3. CORRIGENDUM: Prospects for a new boson W+/-1 in the minimal Higgsless model at the LHC Prospects for a new boson W+/-1 in the minimal Higgsless model at the LHC

    Chen, Ming-Shui; Bian, Jian-Guo; Chen, Guo-Ming; He, Hong-Jian; Jiang, Chun-Hua; Li, Zu-Hao; Liang, Song; Meng, Xiang-Wei; Qi, Yong-Hui; Tang, Zhi-Cheng; Tao, Jun-Quan; Wang, Zheng; Wang, Jian; Wang, Jian; Wang, Xian-You; Wang, Jian-Xiong; Xiao, Hong; Yang, Min; Zang, Jing-Jing; Zhang, Bin; Zhang, Zhen; Zhang, Zhen-Xia


    The author list originally given in the above article (Ming-Shui Chen, Jian-Guo Bian, Guo-Ming Chen, Hong-Jian He, Chun-Hua Jiang, Zu-Hao Li, Song Liang, Xiang-Wei Meng, Yong-Hui Qi, Zhi-Cheng Tang, Jun-Quan Tao, Zheng Wang, Jian Wang, Jian Wang, Xian-You Wang, Jian-Xiong Wang, Hong Xiao, Min Yang, Jing-Jing Zang, Bin Zhang, Zhen Zhang and Zhen- Xia Zhang) is incorrect. The correct author list is: Ming-Shui Chen, Jian-Guo Bian, Guo-Ming Chen, Chun-Hua Jiang, Zu-Hao Li, Song Liang, Xiang-Wei Meng, Zhi-Cheng Tang, Jun-Quan Tao, Zheng Wang, Jian Wang, Jian Wang, Xian-You Wang, Jian-Xiong Wang, Hong Xiao, Min Yang, Jing-Jing Zang, Bin Zhang, Zhen Zhang and Zhen-Xia Zhang. Hong-Jian He and Yong-Hui Qi did not take part in the writing of this text and do not bear any responsibility for its contents. Also, reference [4] in the paper should be corrected to: [4] Hong-Jian He et al 2008 Phys. Rev. D 78 031701(R)

  4. A Noble Character and Poetry Quality---Doubled as the Preface to Selected Poem of Chen Yi the Six Languages Version%人品诗品双高洁--《陈毅诗选》联合国六种工作语言版序



    As an admirer and successor of Marshal Chen Yi, with his deep reverence and memory, the author analyzed the qualities and feelings displayed in the poems composed during Chen Yi’s revolutionary career, which were a sense of historical mission of being loyal to the Motherland, lofty sentiments of civilian supremacy, an exemplary conduct and noble character of being broad-minded toward others and strict self-discipline and a diplomatic philosophy of good neighborly friendship and mutual respect.%作为陈毅元帅的崇拜者与继任者,满怀崇敬与缅怀之情,结合陈毅元帅的革命生涯,探析了陈毅诗歌表现出的对祖国无限忠诚的历史使命感,人民至上的崇高情怀,宽以待人、严于律己的高风亮节以及国际间睦邻友好、相互尊重的外交理念。

  5. The Dynamic, Natural and Poetic Language of Individuality -A Case Study of Chen Yingsong' s Collected Works%生活、自然、诗化的个性语言——以《陈应松文集》为例



    陈应松以其“荆楚”尤其是“神农架系列”小说的独特的语言个性,正在逐步形成自己的艺术风格,且语言个性愈来愈鲜明。小说较多地使用方言俚语和“四字句”。动词的应用是写作者“匠心独运”的结果。诗化语言、诗意盎然的文本意境、散文笔法、排比句式、快节奏的叙事技巧等都构成了小说不可忽视的个性特点。%Chen Yingsong' s novels are of unique Shenguong Jia" featuring their special individuality linguistic traits, as is evident in "the novel series on , their unique artistic style and their increasingly individual lan- guage, because in the novels can be found an enormous use of dialects, slang words and "four-character sen- tences" as well as the use of the verb--the result of the writer' s exercise of his inventive mind. In short, the poetic language, the textual mood with the poetic quality, the prose style, the sentence pattern of parallelism, and the fast-paced narrative skill, etc. have constituted the assignable features of individuality in Chen' s novels.

  6. From the Perspective of Marxism in China :Analysis the Economic Theory of CHEN Yun%陈云经济思想探析——以马克思主义中国化为研究视角



    CHEN Yun as an important member of the central leadership , Who has contributed to china'economic development greatly. It's economic theory rich the Marx' Materialist dialectics ,develop the economic theory of Marx, implement the mass viewpoint and line of Materialism. From the perspective of Marxism in china , comprehensively analysis the economic the- ory of CHEN Yun which has great theoretical and practical significance.%陈云作为我国第一、二代中央领导集体的重要成员,为我国经济建设作出了突出贡献。其经济思想既丰富和发展了马克思主义的唯物辩证法思想,又创造性地发展了马克思主义的经济学理论,并将唯物史观的群众观点和群众路线落到了实处。陈云的经济思想是马克思主义中国化进程中的具体成果。

  7. 底层青年的求生探索--论石一枫的中篇小说《世间已无陈金芳》%Survival Exploration on Underlying Youth---On Shi Yifeng’s novella There is no more Chen Jinf ang in the world



    Shi Yifeng's novella There is no more Chen Jinf ang in the world ,focuses on the outsider , Chen Jinfang ,wants to take root in Beijing and will amount to a thing .Although being laughed ,and taunted ,she paid all the costs for success .However ,a person is not looked upon with favor just because his harder work than others ,she is still living in the lower level of society .The whole story is shrouded in an atmosphere of sadness .The survival exploration of the underlying youth has become a common concern of many w riters .%石一枫的中篇小说《世间已无陈金芳》讲述了外来者陈金芳想要扎根北京,混出点名堂的故事。虽然被人嘲讽、备尝艰辛,但为了成功陈金芳可以付出一切的代价,然而老天并没有因为她比别人更加努力而垂青她,她依然沉沦于生活底层。整个小说的叙述氛围都笼罩在悲凉的气氛中。底层青年的求生探索已成为众多作家共同关注的社会现象。

  8. 高师田径运动会陈骥背越式跳高技术的生物力学研究%Biomechanics Research on Fosbury Flop High Jump Techniques of Chen Ji in Track and Field Games among Normal Universities

    梁铁怀; 姚辉洲


    The research uses two high -speed cameras to take pictures of Chen Ji’s Fosbury Flop high jump techniques demonstrated in The Sixth Track and Field Games among Normal Universities and adopts video analysis system of Beijing Sport University to analyze his technical movement.By a comparative analysis between the analyzed movement technical parameters and that of elite athletes at home and abroad,the paper tries to identify the gap between high jump techniques of Chen Ji and other high jumpers and provide scientific basis and information support for targeted training.%采用两台高速摄像机对参加第六届高师田径运动会跳高比赛的运动员陈骥的背越式跳高技术动作进行拍摄,并采用北京体育大学视讯解析系统对其技术动作进行解析,将获得的运动技术参数与国内外优秀运动员的技术参数进行对比分析,从而找出该运动员跳高技术上存在的差距,为有针对性的训练提供科学依据及信息支持。

  9. 去象征化世界中的诗歌书写——关于陈贞诗歌日常化叙事的思考%Poems written in the de-symbolized world:Some reflections on the daily narration of CHEN Zhen' s poetry



    As the modernization improves people' s living standard, the world of mythological symbol has been declined. On the basis of attention to daily narration and individuality narration, CHEN Zhen' s poetry attempts to observe the disappearance of symbolic order, and endow the description objects with new metaphors. Meanwhile, in the plain and simple statement, CHEN Zhen' s poems also induce us to think about the desymbolized world by cognition and criticism of modernization.%现代化大潮在改善人们物质生活的同时,也导致了神话象征世界的失落。陈贞的部分诗歌,正是以象征秩序的消逝为一种看的参照,在关注日常化叙事和个体性叙事的基础上,对失去了传统象征魅力的描述对象重新赋予新的隐喻。与此同时,在质朴而客观的陈述态度中,陈贞诗歌也以对现代性的认知和批判为契机,引导我们思考世界是如何被去象征化的。

  10. Creating the Spiritual Utopia for Females in the Confusing world——on the Plight of Contemporary Intellectual Females from Chen Ran's Private Life%在迷乱的尘世构建女性精神乌托邦——从陈染的《私人生活》看当代知识女性的生存困境



    陈染在长篇小说里,为倪拗拗构建了一个精神乌托邦,但接连的现实悲剧让内心深处的精神乌托邦幻灭后,她只能寻求另一种自我拯救的方式——在自我圈定的世界里达到超然.文本所蕴涵的象征性的剖析是具现实性的,陈染在深刻反思生命、本源、意识和人性等重大的前沿问题时,也让更多的人来关注和探求当代知识女性的精神出路问题.%Chen Ran created a utopia for Ni Niuniuin in his novel Private Life, but with the succession of the tragedies Ni is disillusioned with the spiritual utopia at he bottom of her heart, and has no choices but to find her own way of self-rescue, that is, to be transcendent in her own defined world. The symbolic analysis of the novel is realistic. Apart from his profound self-examination of the forefront major issues such as life, origin, consciousness and human nature, Chen Ran urges more and more people to concern and explore the inner world of contemporary intellectual females.

  11. Bigger Net,Better Net

    Yin Pumin


    China's basic medical insurance program covered more than 95 percent of its population,or about 1.28 billion,by the end of 2011,said Minister of Health Chen Zhu."Coverage in rural areas reached 97 percent,exceeding the 89 percent reported for urban areas," Chen said at a national health work conference on January 5-6.In 2003,55percent of urban citizens and 21 percent of rural residents were covered.

  12. The 2011 Symposium of Cancer Rehabilitation and Palliative Care Committee, Hubei, China was held in Wuhan, China Professor Yuan Chen was elected as the new chairmen of Cancer Rehabilitation and Palliative Care Committee, Hubei, China%2011年湖北省癌症康复与姑息治疗学术年会在武汉召开——同济医院陈元教授当选为新一届主任委员

    Yi Cheng


    @@ On Dec.9th, 2011, the 2011 Symposium of Cancer Rehabilitation and Palliative Care Committee, Hubei was held in Wuhan, China.The symposium was hosted by Cancer Rehabilitation and Palliative Care Committee, Hubei, and jointly undertaken by Tongji Hospital, China.More than 100 cancer experts, clinicians and nurses participated in the conference.Professor Yuan Chen, from Tongji Cancer Center, Tongji Hospital, China, was elected as the new chairmen of Cancer Rehabilitation and Palliative Care Committee, Hubei, China.

  13. Chen Jitang’s Proposal on Psychological Transformation--Compared with Sun Yat-sen's Psychological Construction Thought%论陈济棠的心理改造主张--兼与孙中山的心理建设思想相比较



      During his term in Guangdong, Chen Jitang had laid stress on moral construction by psychological transformation. The purpose of this move, on the one hand, was to consolidate its dominant position in Guangdong by controlling people's minds; and on the other hand, was to show his deep concerns of society at that time, in which the public moral was both in a downward spiral and of a morally corrupt status quo. He tried his efforts to bring changes to that situation, and lay a good mass psychological basis for the hope of the national rejuvenation. Chen Jitang’s analysis and comment on the social morbid psychology of the society at his time still have reference value for people today. This paper compares psychological transformation advocated by Chen Jitang with Sun Yat-sen's psychological construction thought, so as to have a comprehensive and objective understanding about Chen’s psychological transformation.%  陈济棠主政广东期间,一直非常强调通过心理改造加强道德建设。此举一方面是为了控制人心,以巩固自己在广东的统治地位;另一方面亦显示出他对当时社会世风日下、道德败坏现状的深沉忧虑,并力图加以改观,为民族复兴奠定良好的民众心理基础。陈济棠当年对社会病态心理的分析和针砭,至今亦仍有值得我们惕厉的内容。本文还将陈济棠的心理改造主张与孙中山的心理建设思想进行了比较,以期更加全面客观地认识陈氏的心理改造主张。


    楚芳芳; 蒋涤非


    reflected the complex system of urban ecological economic structure,function and development of sustainability.Using the model,we calculated evolution of per capita ecological footprint and per capita ecological carrying capacity from 2000 to 2008 in Chang-Zhu-Tan City Cluster.The results showed that ecological footprint was increasing,the ecological capacity was wave development and decreased slightly,ecology deficit had the growth situation,sustainability evaluation index was higher than 0.5 and next to 1,so sustainable development conditions was worried.It is necessary to take the measures without delay.

  15. 大学生拓展旅游者认知行为差异研究--以长株潭地区为例%Study on Cognitive Behavior and Specialty Difference of Undergraduates in Outbound Tourism--- A Case of Chang - Zhu - Tan Urban



      拓展旅游,作为一种新型的专项旅游产品,其专业的项目设计和独特的产品组合形式,正符合当代以90后为主体的大学生对素质和能力的要求,成为拓展旅游经营商的主要细分市场。采取抽样调查法,对长株潭地区478名在校大学生进行问卷调查,分析其对现有拓展旅游产品的消费态度、出游动机、限制因素等认知行为,并对不同专业大学生的认知差异进行比较。研究发现,大学生选择拓展旅游产品的首要动机为增强团队意识、提高综合素质、增强自信心、磨炼意志、激发潜能等以完善自我为主的因素,对拓展旅游产品的安全度及教练素质的担忧成为限制其选择的主要因素,并且不同专业的大学生对具体拓展旅游项目的选择存在一定差异性。%  Outbound tourism is considered as a novel special tourism product . Due to its professional design and unique combination form of product , outbound tourism can meet the quality and ability requirements of undergraduates that are birth after 1990s , as well as become main market segments in tourism .Based on spot check ,478 students were checked by the way of questionnaire in the areas of Chang- Zhu -Tan and their cognitive behaviors ,such as consumption attitude ,travel motivation ,constraints and so on ,on tourism products were analyzed .After this ,the cognitive difference was also compared among undergraduates in different specialty . It could be concluded that the first motivation for undergraduates to choose the outbound tourism products was determined by perfecting self - oriented factors , such as enhancing team spirit ,improving the overall quality ,enhancing self - confidence ,tempering will ,stimulating potential and so on .On the contrary , the great anxiety on safety of outbound tourism products and quality of coachers restricted undergraduates to take part in outbound tourism ,and then the choice of

  16. QTL Information Table: 851 [Q-TARO

    Full Text Available D.Y., Chen, R.S., Zhai, W.X., and Zhu, L.H. (2006). Testifying the rice bacteria...ts homolog TFIIAgamma1. Mol Genet Genomics 275, 354-366. ...

  17. Time Accurate Unsteady Simulation of the Stall Inception Process in the Compression System of a US Army Helicopter Gas Turbine Engine


    and Rick Mulac of AP Solutions. The 1985. contributions of personnel from General Electric Aircraft Chen, J.P., M.L. Celestina , and J.J. Adamczyk, "A...TURBO simulations are also greatly Shabbir, A., J. Zhu, and M. Celestina , "Assessment of Three appreciated. Turbulence Models in a Compressor Rotor

  18. Reference: 438 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Full Text Available ity and drought tolerance in Arabidopsis thaliana. 18 6902-12 16943431 2006 Sep Molecular and cellular bio...logy Chen Zhizhong|Gong Zhizhong|Hong Xuhui|Jablonowski Daniel|Ren Xiaozhi|Schaffrath Raffael|Zhang Hairong|Zhou Xiaofeng|Zhu Jian-Kang

  19. CAS, Shanghai, Pasteur to Jointly Set Up a New Institute


    @@ An agreement for jointly establishing the CAS Institut Pasteur of Shanghai was signed on August 30 in east China's Shanghai Municipality. Representatives from the collaborative partners, including Shanghai Vice Mayor Yan Junqi, CAS Vice President Chen Zhu and President of Institut Pasteur Philippe Kourilsky witnessed the signing ceremony.



    20160004 Chen Liangjin(Key Laboratory of Marine Chemistry Theory and Technology,Ministry of Education,College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering,Ocean University of China,Qingdao 266100,China);Zhu Maoxu Speciation of Organic Sulfur in Inner

  1. Peptides as catalysts in the RNA world

    Wieczorek, Rafal; Dörr, Mark; Luisi, Pier Luigi

    , Stano P, Luisi PL. (2009) Ser-His catalyses the formation of peptides and PNAs. FEBS Lett. 583(1):153-6. Li Y, Zhao Y, Hatfield S, Wan R, Zhu Q, Li X, McMills M, Ma Y, Li J, Brown KL, He C, Liu F, Chen X. (2000) Dipeptide seryl-histidine and related oligopeptides cleave DNA, protein, and a carboxyl...

  2. China Report, Economic Affairs, No. 353


    Influence, by Yao Yi, Lu Changhong Demand for.Steel Handsaws Noted (Chen Zhenji, Zhu Tianshe; SHICHANG TIAOJIE, l£ May 83) 21; Production, Sales...OOOl/ and Lu Changhong /4~151 2490. 13477« "We are Hoping that_Locallyr-Manufactu’red ’-Walking Tractors’-’ will be a Reality In the Countryside

  3. Inspired Violinist Yu Lina


    YU Lina is a famous Chinese violinist and a professor at the Shanghai Conservatory of Music. In 1959, she became famous when she collaborated with classmates He Zhanhao and Chen Gang from the Conservatory on a violin concerto called "Liang Shanbo and Zhu Yingtai" which is based on a well-known folk tale.~* The concerto combined Shaoxing opera and Western-style music.

  4. Measuring Components of Intelligence: Mission Impossible?

    Gregoire, Jacques


    The two studies conducted by Weiss, Keith, Zhu, and Chen in 2013 on the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS-IV) and the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC-IV), respectively, provide strong evidence for the validity of a four-factor solution corresponding to the current hierarchical model of both scales. These analyses support the…

  5. CAS, INRA to Set Up Sino-French Lab for Mammal-embryo Cell-biology


    @@ CAS Vice President CHEN Zhu and Dr. Marion Guillou, chairman of Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA) in France,signed on Nov. 4 in Beijing an agreement on the founding of a SinoFrench lab for mammal-embryo cell biology (LABIOCEM).

  6. Intracellular Delivery: Diamond-Nanoneedle-Array-Facilitated Intracellular Delivery and the Potential Influence on Cell Physiology (Adv. Healthcare Mater. 10/2016).

    Zhu, Xiaoyue; Yuen, Muk Fung; Yan, Li; Zhang, Zhenyu; Ai, Fujin; Yang, Yang; Yu, Peter K N; Zhu, Guangyu; Zhang, Wenjun; Chen, Xianfeng


    G. Zhu, W. Zhang, X. Chen, and co-workers show on page 1157 that diamond needle arrays can efficiently deliver biomolecules into living cells. The study paves the way to a wide application of the nanonneedle treatment by systematically investigating the influence of the treatment on metabolic signal pathways. © 2016 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  7. Measuring Components of Intelligence: Mission Impossible?

    Gregoire, Jacques


    The two studies conducted by Weiss, Keith, Zhu, and Chen in 2013 on the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS-IV) and the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC-IV), respectively, provide strong evidence for the validity of a four-factor solution corresponding to the current hierarchical model of both scales. These analyses support the…

  8. The Exchange and Coexistence of Body and Soul——Interpretation of the Death of Chen Bailu in the Stage Play Sunrise%肉体与灵魂的交流共生——总政话剧团版《日出》中陈白露悲剧的艺术处理

    任慧丹; 唐杨


    曹禺话剧在导演王延松率领下,以明星版的阵容重现舞台.新版戏剧中陈白露成为全剧的中心人物,她的灵魂和肉体在鸟笼子般的现实世界中挣扎求生,最终走向了肉体的死亡和灵魂的飞翔.%Cao Yu' s stage play sunrise, led by the director Wang Yansong, reproduced to the stage in the version of famous stars' line-up. Chen Bailu became the central figure in the new version of the stage play. Her soul and body struggled for survival in the realistic world like a bird cage and ultimately made. for the death of body and the flight of soul.

  9. 古今中西之間--陳垣與20世紀中國史學%Between the Ancient and the Present and between China and the West:Prof. Chen Yuan and Chinese Historiography in the 20 th Century



    Every historian should answer two questions related to each other, i. e. what is the relationship between history and reality and what is that between historiography and reality. Moreover, Chinese historians should answer other two questions also re-lated to each other, namely what is the relationship between China and the West and what is that between Chinese culture and Western culture. Based on their own outlook on the ancient and the present as well as on China and the West, every conscious Chinese historian of the 20 th century was bound to cherish a definite sense of responsi-bility and determined what role they played and what way they chose when taking on this responsibility. The present paper expounds Prof. Chen Yuan’ s answers to the above questions andhis practice concerned with them in the four stages of his lifetime.

  10. 海南香枝木与越南香枝木木材构造特征比较解剖研究%Comparative anatomical research on the wood structure between Dalbergia odorifera T.Chen and D.rimosa Roxb

    李桂兰; 徐峰; 罗建举; 李英健; 蓝方敏


    对海南香枝木和越南香枝木木材构造特征进行比较解剖研究.结果表明;两者的宏观构造在材色气味、纹理结构等方面有较大的差异.微观构造特征的差异主要表现在木射线的种类、射线细胞的形态、射线组织的类型;其余解剖特征差异则不明显.海南香枝木的树种名称为降香黄檀(Dalbergia odorifera T.Chen),越南香枝木的树种名称为多裂黄檀(D.rimosa Roxb.).

  11. Mr.CHEN Ying-long of Chengjiang acupuncture school: a brief introduction%艺高德馨用神针 永垂世范海内外——记澄江学派传人陈应龙先生

    朱安宁; 张建斌; 孙孝忠; 孟宪军


    Through consultation of the historical literatures on Mr. CHEN Ying-long, investigating his teaching experiences in Xiamen Hospital of TCM and Xiamen University, the characteristics of his educational idea on acupuncture-moxibustion, are found as follows: great significance is found in the dissemination of Chengjiang acupuncture school in Minnan area of China and abroad through the combination of the succession of education from a masters to disciples and the classroom teaching; importance is attached to medical ethics, and priority is put on building up ethics and teaching by precept and example. In order to inherit the Chengjiang acupuncture school, Mr. CHEN focuses on fostering a proper studying method, emphasizes on the basic skills of acupuncture, reinforces clinical practice and techniques, edits books, and imparts knowledge and solves doubts.%查阅陈应龙先生的相关历史文献,考察其在厦门市中医院和厦门大学任教的经历,总结陈先生的针灸教育思想,发现具有如下特色:继承承门师承教育和课堂教学结合的教育思想,教书育人,立足闽南,推广海外,为澄江针灸学派在闽南地区和海外的传播发挥了重要作用;重视树立学生的医德观,以德为先,言传身教;注重培养学生的学习方法,重视针灸基本功,加强实践,强化技能;著书立说,授业解惑,使澄江针灸学术得以传承.

  12. New Evidence of the Life Story of Kong Yuan’s Uncle Chen Bingsheng--A Monographic Study on Kong Yuan (八)%孔原胞叔陈丙生身世新证--孔原研究专题(八)



    The research on Kong Yuan’s uncle Chen Bingsheng is an indispensible part of the study of Kong Yuan. There was a breakthrough in the previous investigation. The descendants of Bingshen’s two orphan daughters were found and interviewed. It was discovered that Bingsheng’s name is in his son-in-law’s family genealogy. New evidence was found with the 1939 version of Kong Yuan’s original family genealogy obtained recently. Compared with the 1939 version, the 1944 version has got the information of Kong Yuan’s mother Chen, stepmother Yao and uncle Tongyin (Bingsheng) added, which further reveals that Bingsheng is the uncle of Kong Yuan, a blood relative.%提孔原胞叔陈丙生之论,是研究孔原不可分割的组成部分。前阶段性调查的突破性进展,是寻访到丙生所遗两孤女的后人,访见到两孤女夫家族谱牒所载丙生之名。近期调查新证据是又获孔原本宗1939编陈氏联修谱,与1944版比较,1944版谱新增孔原生母龚氏、继母姚氏、弟铁怀,孔原胞叔同寅(丙生)四人资讯,进一步揭示了丙生为孔原胞叔的血亲关系。

  13. Preaching for the Imperial Examination:The Goals and Ideals of Building College in Southern Song Dynasty——on Neo-Confucians Zhu Xi and Zhang Shi%讲道以化科举:南宋书院建设的目标与理想——以朱熹、张栻等理学家为中心的讨论



    南宋时期,针对相当一部分士人在国家与民族命运危急关头表现出来的廉耻之心丧失殆尽的问题,以朱熹和张栻为代表的理学家认为科举制度到了改革、社会到了重建伦常、用新的价值观念维系世道民心的时候了,他们以其特有的社会责任感,承担起"讲道""传道"的历史使命,掀起了书院复兴运动,以讲道而化科举为建设书院的目标和理想。其"讲道"大要在"续洙泗之正传",而"淑诸人者",无外乎为"忠君、孝亲、诚身、信友,用则泽及天下,不用则无愧俯仰,如是而已"。至于讲学的内容,则各家各派已呈现不同特色,张栻、朱熹的长处是"天理人欲之分"之剖析彰明;而"喻义喻利之论"敷阐精至,则是陆九渊的强项。%In Southern Song Dynasty,there were a considerable part of scholars bankrupt in their sense of honor when the destiny of the nation was in danger.Some Neo-Confucians represented by Zhu Xi and Zhang Shi thought it was the high time to reform the Imperial Examination,to rebuild moral human relations and to reassure the people with a brand new value.They had their unique sense of social responsibility to undertake the historic mission such as preaching and sermon,so they had launched the movement of reviving the college,regarding preaching as a path to the goals and ideals of the College construction.The spirit of their preaching was to inherit the enlightening influence of Kong Zi including kindness to others,nothing more than king-loyalty filial piety,honesty and reliance,and the ideas that he could do great help to the people when appointed or he would not regret for not being appointed.As for the content of their preaching,different sects show different characteristics,among which the advantages of Zhang Shi and Zhu Xi are their analysis of the distinction between the truth and human desire and the theory of elaborating justice and benefit is very clear and

  14. 从人物角色看网络游戏对小说文学性的消解——以小说《诛仙》及其同名网络游戏为例%Digestion of Novels' Literariness from the Perspective of Online Games' Characters——Taking the novel Zhu Xian and the online game of the same name as an example

    张贺军; 刘胜枝


    The novel adapted for online game can not only broaden the communication channels and scope of the novel, but also increase the cultural connotation and creativity. However, fictions and online games vary greatly in many aspects, such as the characters images, Xian and its online game of the same name as an on the differences of characterization, and delves how online game changes the novel's literariness. the characters fate, values and so on. Taking the novel Zhu example, this paper compares the fiction with the online game into the reasons for the differences, and furthermore explores%小说改编为网络游戏既能够增加小说的传播渠道与范围,又为网络游戏增加了文化内涵与创造力。但小说与网络游戏在人物形象、人物命运、价值追求等方面存在着迥然的差异。以小说《诛仙》及其同名改编网络游戏为研究案例,具体比较小说与网络游戏之间在人物形象塑造上的差异,并阐述产生这种差异的原因,从而探索网络游戏是如何对小说文学性形成消解过程和形式。

  15. 加味苓桂术甘汤联合短期极低热量饮食治疗脾虚痰湿型高脂血症合并脂肪肝的临床研究%Clinical research of modified ling-gui-zhu-gan decoction combined with short-term very-low-calorie-diet in treatment of hyperlipidemia combined with fatty liver (splenic hypofunction and dampness accumulation type)

    柯斌; 师林; 张俊杰; 孟君; 陈丁生; 秦鉴


    目的:观察加味芩桂术甘汤联合短期极低热量饮食治疗脾虚痰湿型高脂血症合并脂肪肝的临床疗效.方法:115例高脂血症合并脂肪肝患者随机分为两组,治疗组65例,用加味苓桂术甘汤联合短期极低热量饮食治疗.对照组50例,用洛伐他汀治疗,两组疗程均为3个月.观察两组患者治疗前后临床疗效、血脂、转氨酶、体质指数(BMI)、血液流变学变化.结果:两组治疗后治疗组总有效率89.23%,对照组总有效率80.00%.治疗组临床疗效明显优于对照组(P<0.05);两组治疗后TC、TG、LDL、ALT、AST较治疗前明显下降(P<0.05),且治疗组治疗后TC、TG、LDL、ALT、AST、BMI较对照组下降显著(P<0.05);两组治疗前后全血粘度高切、全血粘度低切、还原粘度高切、红细胞聚集指数及纤维蛋白原均有改善(P<0.05),且治疗组全血粘度高切、红细胞聚集指数、纤维蛋白原较时照组明显好转(两组治疗后相比,P<0.05).结论:加味苓桂术甘汤联合短期极低热量治疗脾虚痰湿型高脂血症合并脂肪肝疗效明确.%Objective To observe the effects of modified Ling-Gui-Zhu-Gan decoction combined with short- term very low calorie diet (VLCD) for treatment of hyperlipidemia and fatty liver (splenic hypofunction and dampness accumulation type). Methods A total of 115 cases of hyperlipidemia and fatty liver were randomly divided into two groups .Treatment group (n = 65) was treated with modified Ling-Gui-Zhu-Gan decoction combined with short-term VLCD. Control group (n = 50) was treated with lovastatin. The therapeutic course lasted for 3 month. The changes of clinical efficacy, aminotransferase , body mass index (BMI) , blood lipids, hemorheology were observed before and after treatment. Results The total effective rate for patients in treatment group was 89.23%, and that was 80.00% in control group. The clinical efficacy of the treatment group was better than the control group (P < 0.05) .TC

  16. 基于超效率DEA模型的城市群生态效率研究——以长株潭“3+5”城市群为例%Urban Agglomerations Eco-efficiency Analysis Based on Super-efficienty DEA Model:Case Study of Chang-Zhu-Tan "3 + 5" Urban Agglomeration

    付丽娜; 陈晓红; 冷智花


    Circular economy is an important model of regional sustainable development, eco-efficiency approach is a comparatatively appropriate quantitative methods for studying circular economy. Regarding to Chang-Zhu-Tan ( Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan) "3 +5" urban agglomeration, this paper firstly establishes the input and output index system of eco-efficiency based on the DEA model, and calculates the efficiency in eight cities from 2005 to 2010 by using super-efficient DEA method, respectively. Then the dynamic comparative study of eco-efficiency has been done by using Malmquist-DEA model. The paper uses super-efficient DEA method to estimate the efficiency of the cities in 2005 -2010, and finally the Tobit model based on panel data has been developed to study the effect of the efficiency at different factors. The results showed the higher level of holistic eco-efficiency in urban agglomerations the larger differences among cities, Changsha is on the leading position of the provincial capital cities. By using Malmquist-DEA model analysis the results showed that the growth rates of total factor eco-efficiency TFP value are always larger than 1 , with an average annual growth rate of 12. 6% . The further decomposition of growth rates indicates that the technical progress is the major power to promote the growth rate of eco-efficiency, but the decline of the overall and pure technical efficiency is the bottleneck factor of restricting TPF ascension. At the last, the results of using factor analysis of eco-efficiency in provinces showed that the industrial structures, R&D strength had a significant positive impact to eco-effciency, but the introduction of foreign capitals has a negative effect to the eco-effciency. The development of technology is the internal driving force to a improvement of the ecological efficiency.%循环经济是区域实现可持续发展的重要模式,生态效率方法是研究循环经济比较适合的定量方法.本文以长株潭“3+5”城市

  17. 写在《水漫金山》播出时——访《哪吒传奇》《美猴王》《水漫金山》动画总导演陈家奇%Writing on the Broadcast of "Flooding of Jinshan Temple" --An interview with Chen Jiaqi, the animation director of "The Legend of Nezha", "Monkey King" and "Flooding of Jinshan Temple"

    李南; 孙哲


    Yan Dingxian, the second director of China Animation Film Studio once called Chen Jiaqi " Old Chen", which indicates somewhat fame of Jiaqi in animated film production. Nowadays TV has replaced the cinema and become the first platform of animation broadcasting, and because CCTV is different from the local stations, the animated works produced by Chen Jiaqi have taken a very important position in the CCTV key animation products and have consciously inherited the mainstream of Chinese culture and the good quality of the classic animation of the Animation Film Studio. Since this interview with Chen Jiaqi is really a reflection of the talents, environment, technology and the actual situation of our animation industry, it is the objective thinking and description of contemporary Chinese animation.%当下电视已取代影院成为动画播出第一平台,中央电视台又区别于地方台,陈家奇导演的作品占据了央视重点动画的可观一席。陈家奇动画作品自觉传承着中国主流文化与美影厂经典动画的优良品质。此次陈家奇访谈真实地反映出目前中国动画业界人才、环境、技术的现状对当下中国动画进行客观地思索与描述。

  18. 财政赤字、通货膨胀与债务危机——陈云对赤字财政的有关思想及其现实启示%The Fiscal Deficit, the Inflation and the Debt Crisis:Chen Yun's Philosophyon the Financial Policy and its Implications in Modem Times



    “坚决不打赤字财政”,是陈云一贯而鲜明的主张,因为在他看来,财政赤字与通货膨胀密不可分。建国初期,我国人民饱受通货膨胀之苦,而“币值下跌、物价上涨的主要原因,是政府的财政赤字庞大”。因此,陈云力主财政安排留有余地,尽量避免出现赤字,尤其忌讳将赤字用于投资。在这一思想的主导下,计划经济时期我国财政预算保持平衡,物价基本稳定。新时期以来,我国经济体制和市场环境发生重大变化,财政赤字渐成常态,相应地物价亦呈不断上涨趋势。尽管近年来连年出现的财政赤字主要依靠发行公共债务来弥补,但这终究不是长久之计,当下的欧债危机警醒了我们,陈云提出的“建设规模的大小必须和国家财力物力相适应”是一条不变的真理。%As we know Chen Yun insists on "Budget Balance and no deficit financing"~and he thinks that the fiscal deficit drives the inflation. Due to substantial fiscal deficit , Chinese people suffered severe mass inflation and rapid currency devaluation in the early 1950s. At that time, Chen Yun oversaw economic policy and tried his best to keep the balance of budget to drive down deficit. It was knowed as the policy of "resistance , stablization and con- struction". In his effort, the budget of central government was sustainable and the price level was stable during Chi- nese planning economy period. Since the reform and opening policy, there have been dramatic changes in the fields of economic system and the market environment. The fiscal deficit has grown gradually, driving the general price level upward. Nowadays, the central government issued the public bonds to offset the deficit, but the deficit finan- cing is a makeshift. Under the circumstance of the European sovereign debt crisis, we learn that "the government' s spending should assort with its financial strength ", issued by

  19. 把高海拔的雪花带回低海拔的生活--陈劲松散文诗文本简读%Bringing High Altitude Snow Back to the Life of Low Altitude:a Brief Reading of Chen Jinsong's Prose Poem Texts



    陈劲松是一位纯净的散文诗人。他长年生活在青海格尔木,因此他的文本中有诸多明亮的高原意象:湖水、雪山、月光、鹰隼、青稞、冰雪、花香、麦子,这些自然元素,成为他喻指心灵和生命精神的重要代码,也为文本意境的扩展和意义的生成注进了活性。诗人对物象精神品质的把握和对人本价值观的开掘有敏锐的认知,作品呈显了他“劝诫”的美学对现实社会巧妙的批判。他的文本呈现出冰雪般的魅力:一是纯净的价值观与纯净的精神本质;二是“劝诫”的美学与批判现实主义;三是高原的精神征象成为文本的元素。陈劲松散文诗的魅力,还体现在他对语言精到的打磨和对人性的隐秘中心的打造上。%Chen Jinsong is a pure prose poet. As he has lived for years in Golmud, Qinghai, there are many bright images of plateau in his texts: lake water, snow mountain, moonlight, hawk, highland barley, ice and snow, lfower fragrance and wheat. These natural elements have become signiifcant codes that are used to refer to mind and the spirit of life, having injected activity into the expansion of artistic conception and the generation of meaning. The poet has acute perception of how to grasp the spiritual quality of images and how to explore the values of human, and his works show skillful criticism of social reality with his “exhortation” aesthetics. His texts present the charm as snow and ice: The ifrst is pure value and spiritual essence; the second is “exhortation” aesthetics and critical realism; and the third is the spiritual signs of plateau becoming the elements of texts. The charm of Chen Jinsong’s prose poetry is also relfected in his ability of polishing language and building the center of secret human nature.

  20. 新时期陈云对抵御执政风险问题的战略思考及其当代价值%Chen Yun' s Strategic Thinking on Defense against Risks in Governance in the New Era and its Contemporary Values



    陈云对抵御执政风险问题的战略思考有其深刻的背景因素,是他总结历史、面对现实、着眼未来综合性认识的成果。陈云对抵御执政风险问题的战略思考包括对党和国家的政治发展、经济发展、民生建设、精神文明建设、党的建设等多方面。这种思考表现出强烈的忧患意识,对我们今天居安思危、拒腐防变具有很强的警示作用;蕴含着深刻的科学理念对我们今天把握规律、安全执政具有重要的指导作用;体现出坚定的理想信念,对我们今天排除干扰、奋勇前行具有巨大的激励作用。%Chen Yun's strategic thinking on defense against risks in governance has profound background factors. It is an achievement of comprehension drawn from reviewing the history, facing the reality, and looking to the future. Chen Yun' s strategic thinking on defense against risks in governance includes quite a few aspects for the Par- ty and the country such as political development, economic development, people' s livelihood building, spiritual civilization building, and party building. This type of thinking illustrates forceful awareness of potential dangers and has strong alerting effects for us today to stay prepared for adversities in times of peace and to resist corruption and decadence. Its profound scientific ideas have important guiding effects for us today to grasp the laws and govern safely. Its firmly embodied ideals and beliefs have great motivation effects for us today to clear obstacles and forge ahead.

  1. 新中国职业化舞蹈教育事业的开拓者和奠基人——纪念舞蹈教育家陈锦清诞辰90周年%Founder of Professional Dance Education in People's Republic of China-In Honor of 90~(th) Birthday of Dance Educator Madam Chen Jinqing



    本文对我国著名的舞蹈教育家,新中国职业化舞蹈教育事业的一位主要开拓者与奠基人,北京舞蹈学院首任院长陈锦清,围绕着师资培养、教材建设两个方面如何开创新中国职业化舞蹈教育事业进行了历史的回顾,由此强调要进一步认识北京舞蹈学院的优良传统,以及如何继承和发扬这些优良传统。纪念老院长陈锦清,是为了学习她善于抓住主要问题的决策能力,以及在多种矛盾交织的状况下,一不退却,二不拒绝,积极担当,闯出一条符合中国特色职业化舞蹈教育发展道路的开创精神,在这种精神的引领下,努力建设中国特色舞蹈高等教育体系。%This essay has reviewed in retrospect what Madam Chen Jinqing,one of the important founders of Chinese professional dance education as well as the first deputy president of Beijing Dance Academy,had done to develop Chinese professional dance education in terms of both faculty cultivation and construction of teaching materials.What is then emphasized is further understanding,inheriting and developing the excellent tradition of Beijing Dance Academy.The purpose of commemorating former president Madam Chen is to learn from her the ability to identify major problems among various controversies as well as perseverance in exploring a unique way appropriate for development of Chinese professional dance education,leading to the establishment of higher dance education with Chinese characteristics.

  2. 南方鲶生殖周期中脑垂体和血清促性腺激素水平的含量变化%The Changes of Pituitary and Serum GTH Levels in the Reproductive Cycle in the Southern Catfish (Silurus meridionalis Chen)

    邓思平; 王德寿; 张耀光; 焦保卫


    采用测定胡鲶科非洲鲶(Clarias gariepinus)GTH的放射免疫测定法,用标记鲤(Cyprinus carpio)GTH的方法进行标记,测定了鲶科南方鲶(Silurusmeridionalis Chen)生殖周期中的血清GTH水平和脑垂体GTH含量变化,以揭示其性腺发育、成熟过程中的内分泌调节机理.南方鲶血清中GTH水平的季节变化表现出与成熟系数相一致的变化趋势,周年中雌鱼血清GTH水平都高于雄鱼,雌雄鱼血清GTH水平在繁殖期间差异尤为显著.脑垂体中GTH含量也在生殖周期中具明显周期变化.在性腺发育晚期和成熟期雌鱼脑垂体的GTH含量明显高于雄鱼,而在其它性腺期雌鱼脑垂体的GTH含量仅略高于雄鱼,但雌雄鱼之间并无显著差异.

  3. 政策驱动与伦理诉求--生态文明视阈下陈云的工程伦理思想探析%The Policy-Driver and Ethics-Appeal-On Chen Yun's Engineering Ethics from the Perspective of Ecological Civilization



    Chen Yun put forward important expositions concerning construction engineering problems, which is reflected as ecological civilization from the perspective of engineering ethics, mainly in the divine life, safety first engineering ethics value goal, project decision makers and project implementation such as the community of engineering ethics responsibility, government ethics institutionalization, and specific measures of launching broad participation of the masses etc. It well reflects the engineering aspects of the ethical conscious⁃ness in ecological civilization.%陈云对建筑工程问题提出过重要论述,体现为生态文明视阈下的工程伦理思想,主要有生命神圣、安全至上的工程伦理价值目标,工程决策者和工程实施者等工程共同体的伦理责任,以及政府伦理制度化、发动群众广泛参与的具体对策等,体现了生态文明思想下工程方面的伦理自觉。

  4. The Influence of Tao Yuanming on the Jiangyou Poetic School——Liu Song, Chen Mo and Liu Yongzhi as the Center%论陶渊明对明初江右诗派的影响——以刘崧、陈谟和刘永之等为中心



    The Jiangyou School is one of the five Poetic Schools in the early Ming Dynasty. Its leader was Liu Song, the representatives were Chen mo,Liu Yongzhi, and so on. As the Salaf of the Jiangyou School, Tao Yuanming have profound impact on them with his character integrity, attitude, imagery,poetry style and other aspects . Particularly, at poetry style, the plain style of the Jiangyou School and the mellow style of Tao Yuanming aesthetic pursuit of the same strain.%明初的江右诗派为其时五大诗派之一,领袖人物为刘崧,代表人物有陈谟、刘永之等. 作为江右诗派的乡邦先贤,陶渊明对江右派影响深远,其人品气节、生活态度、诗歌意象及风格等方面都对他的这些隔代乡邦文人们产生了较大的影响.尤其诗风方面,江右派雅淡、醇正的诗歌风尚与陶渊明淡远、真醇的美学追求一脉相承.

  5. 深圳香荚兰,首次发现于华南深圳的兰科新种%Vanilla shenzhenica Z.J.Liu & S.C.Chen, the first new species of Orchidaceae found in Shenzhen, South China

    刘仲健; 陈心启; 茹正忠


    Vanilla shenzhenica Z.J.Liu & S.C.Chen,a new species of Orchidaceae,is described and illustrated.This is the first new species of Orchidaceae found in Shenzhen,South China.It is akin to Vanilla somai Hayata,from which it differs by having 4-flowered inflorescences,not fully opening flowers with their unlobed lip joined 3/4 of its length to the column,and a retrorse tuft of fimbriate appendage in the upper part of the lip.%对兰科新种深圳香荚兰Vanilla shenzhenica Z.J.Liu & S.C.Chen作了描述与绘图.此新种为深圳发现的第一个兰科新种,与台湾香荚兰V.somai Hayata有亲缘关系.但是,本新种花序具4花,花较大,不完全开放;唇瓣不裂,紫红色,基部与蕊柱合生长度达3/4,刷状附属物位于唇盘的上部,甚易区别于台湾香荚兰.

  6. 读陈蒲清《陶澍传》--兼谈陶澍传记研究及其发展与展望%About The Biography of Tao Shu by Chen Poqing: On the Biographical Research, Development and Prospects of Tao Shu



      The Biography of Tao Shu written by Chen Poqhing is a new biography of Tao Shu, accurate assessment of the Tao Shu’s historical position, with distinct characteristics. the founder of Tao Shu biography is Wei Yuan. Quiet after a century and a half, the last two decades of the twentieth century, has generated the "Tao Shu, in the south," Tao Shu, A Critical Biography "," Tao Shu and Ka Road Statecraft Thought "book. Tao Shu, the publication of the Collected Works in 2010, created favorable conditions for carrying out the biographical study of the Tao Shu.%  陈蒲清的《陶澍传》是陶澍传记研究中出现的一部新作,它准确地评价了陶澍的历史地位,具有鲜明的特色.陶澍传记研究的奠基人是魏源.在沉静了一个半世纪之后,20世纪的最后20年,先后产生了《陶澍在江南》、《陶澍评传》、《陶澍与嘉道经世思想研究》等著作.2010年《陶澍全集》的出版,为开展陶澍传记研究创造了有利的条件

  7. 现代式的人生透视——读张爱玲的《沉香屑——第一炉香》%Perspective on modern life ——Reading on zhang Ailing, "Chen Xiangxie First Incense"



    Published in 1943,"Chen Xiangxie First Incense" as the works of Eileen Chang among the literary circles, has been initially show the uniqueness of her novels. It harbored the author tragic understanding of modern life through the real and meticulous description of the works hero -Gewei Long's imperative destruction process. At the same time, it also shows the bleak or desolate mean, which belong zhang Ailing.%发表于1943年的《沉香屑——第一炉香》作为张爱玲跻身文坛的作品,已经初步显示出了张爱玲小说的独特性。作品在中国言情通俗小说的外衣之外,通过对作品主人公葛薇龙势在必然的毁灭过程的真实而又细致地描写,包藏着作者对现代人生的悲剧性理解。这里,同样也流露出一种张爱玲式的苍凉、荒凉意味。

  8. 隗三户的回乡——陈应松小说《夜深沉》的社会学分析%On Wei Sanhu' s Going Back to His Hometown: A Sociological Analysis of Chen Yingsong' s Novel Deep Night



    陈应松的小说《夜深沉》依然关注农民的生存,不过视角稍微游移,即关注城市务工农民的回乡之旅。城市务工农民有回乡建房愿望。从隗三户的一系列遭遇,以及最后他的惨死,我们可以发现一些与人的生存状态相关的社会问题。这篇小说也显示了作家的社会责任感和批判态度。%In his novel Deep Night Chen Yingsong pays close attention to farmers' existing circum- stances as he used to. The difference lies in the slight deviation of his present perspective. In other words, he keeps a watchful eye on the fact that farmers working in cities return home in due course of time and that they have a wish of building houses in their hometown. From Wei Sanhu' s sufferings and a tragic death we may find some social problems related to people' s living conditions. In addition, the novel Deep Night reveals the author' s sense of social responsibility and critical attitude.

  9. “让理念照进现实”:探究青奥会成功之道--专访2014年南京青奥组委会总体策划部朱华林部长%“Ideals into Reality ":Exploring Success of Youth Olympic Games---Interveiw with ZHU Hua -lin,the Secretary of Corporate Planning Department,Nanjing Youth O-lympic Games Organizing Committee



    With the close of Nanjing Asian Youth Games ,2014 Nanjing Youth Olympic Games have been in close proximity after careful preparation more than four years .During the final stage of organization ,people become more and more con-cerned about following subjects :what work still needs attention ,how to implement frugal idea ,how to play the continuity and longevity of the Cultural and Educational Program ,how to layout the YOG’s events ,how to plan and implement herit-age after the Games .With regards to those issues ,the author taked an exclusive interview with ZHU Hua -lin ,the Secre-tary of Corporate Planning Department ,2014 Nanjing Youth Olympic Games Organizing Committee ,to explore and pros-pect organizing vision and principles of Nanjing YOG .The issues of this interview are as follows :the organization process and focuses at present ;organizing philosophy and characteristics of Nanjing YOG ;design and implementation of Cultural and Educational Program ;events layout ;volunteerism Spiritual refinement ;sports city construction ;planning and assess-ment after the Games ,and YOG legacy .%历经4年多的精心筹备,随着南京亚青会的圆满落幕,2014年南京青奥会已近在咫尺。在筹办的最后阶段,有哪些工作仍需注意,节俭理念如何落实,文化与教育活动如何发挥出持续性和长久性,青奥项目比赛如何布局,赛后遗产如何规划实施等问题,日益引起人们的关注和思考。为此,《体育与科学》杂志编辑部与南京青奥组委会总体策划部朱华林部长进行专访,就现阶段南京青奥会的筹办进程与重点、南京青奥会的办会理念与特色、文化与教育活动的设计与实施、比赛项目布局、志愿精神提炼、体育名城建设、赛后规划评估以及青奥遗产理念等问题展开访谈,展望青奥筹办愿景,探讨青奥办会之道。

  10. 长株潭三市生态足迹及其对经济增长的影响——兼论“两型社会”试验区生态建设方略%Effect of ecological footprint on economic growth of Chang-zhu-tang city cluster: Simultaneous comment on the ecological construction of "dual-model society" trial area

    杨友; 冯国禄; 邹冬生; 刘长生


    Based on panel data of Chang-zhu-tang "dual-model society" from 1978 to 2010, using ecological footprint model and classical economic growth model, the article analyzes the yearly changing rule of ecological footprint as well as the inner affecting relation between economic growth and productive factors for human capital, physical capital and ecological capital. This paper obtains the main results as follows: Ecological footprints in these three areas are very great, and all take on the changing rule of increasing by degrees; the proportion of energy ecological footprint in ecological footprint is comparatively big, and there is a positive relation between ecological footprint and economic growth, however, these effects take on a distinct differences among Changsha, Zhuzhou and Xiangtang city.%基于“两型社会”试验区长沙、株洲、湘潭三市1978--2010年度的面板数据,利用生态足迹修正模型,测算其生态足迹的年度变化规律,并将生态资源作为一种社会资本融人到社会生产函数中,利用经典的经济增长模型分析人力资本、实物资本、生态足迹等相关生产要素与经济增长之间的内在影响关系。结果表明:试验区中三个地区的生态足迹值相对较大,都呈现出递增的变化规律,能源生态足迹占生态足迹的比重相对较大,生态足迹和经济增长之间呈现正向关系,但这种变化规律在不同经济发展区域呈现出显著的地区差异性。

  11. 谈《马氏文通》到《新著国语文法》前中国的语法研究(下)--纪念劭西师《新著国语文法》出版九十年%Chinese Grammar Study:from"MaShiWenTong"(《马氏文通》)to"XinZhuGuoYuWenFa"(《新著国语文法》)(Ⅱ)



    1898《马氏文通》到1924《新著国语文法》前中国语法研究分两个阶段。本文上篇谈前段“词本位”体系文法,已发表于本刊总第19辑。这里属下篇,谈后段“句本位”体系文法。“句本位”体系文法初建的原因和条件:国语运动的胜利,代替文言成为正式书面语;国外语言学类型理论、重句法文法体系引进,文法研究方法和文法与逻辑关系探索。所建体系基本内容:文法研究重视句中词的位置次序,以句子的结构和类型研究为重点。分词法(词类)、句法两部门,前者为后者服务;文法单位有词、语、句三级。词类继承前段研究分九品,继用“假借”说,说明词的转类;提出按句法成分位置辨分词品。句子整体结构分主语谓语:主语可含形容性附加语;谓语可含副词性附加语,谓语动词可带宾语、足语;谓语形容词和同动词后成分是表语。谈说句成分所任词语种类、变化和句子结构简式、复式及相互转化。认识句法结构蕴含语义关系并注意二者的结合分析。句子类型,按组织结构分单句、复句;按语气分直述句、疑问句、祈使句、感叹句。用表格法、图解法显示文法分析结果。行文有“附则”、“注意”,配合正文又适合教学需要。书后附标点符号用法,表现语法与标点符号关系密切;也反映新文化运动胜利,国语代替文言的一个成果。“句本位”文法体系的初建,是1922—1923年多位学者多年辛苦探索的成果;也为由《马氏文通》“词本位”科学体系发展为《新著》“句本位”科学体系奠定了基础。%From 1898’s“MaShiWenTong”(《马氏文通》)to 1924’s“XinZhu GuoYuWenFa”(《新著国语文法》), Chinese grammar study is divided into two stages. The first part of this article talks about the first stage: the generation of word based

  12. A Textual Research of the Biography of the Loyal and Righteous Persons of Song History%《宋史·忠义传》考辨二则

    孙廷林; 王元林


    The eight biographies of Zhu Zhao,Sun Yi,and Zhang Zhongfu,etc. in "the Biography of the Loyal and Righteous Persons of Song History" originate from Zhu Bian's "the Memorial to the Throne of Zhu Zhao Loyalty". Since much of "the Memorial" comes from rumors,there are quite many mistakes about the loyalties in "the Memorial". Therefore,the Zhang Zhongfu in "Loyalty Three" of Vol.448 is actually the same person as the Zhang Hongfu in "Loyalty Seven" of Vol.452,and the right should be Zhang Hongfu.%《宋史·忠义传》中朱昭、孙益、张忠辅等八人的史源是朱弁《上朱昭等忠义奏疏》.鉴于朱弁多得自传闻,故其《奏疏》记述忠义之士颇有讹误.其中《宋史》卷四四八《忠义三》之张忠辅,与同书卷四五二《忠义七·李翼传》之张洪辅,确为一人,当以张洪辅为正.

  13. From the"Chen Yong-zhou incident"to talk about the influence of news occupation ethics on media credibility%从“陈永洲事件”谈新闻职业操守对媒体公信力的影响



    记者收受钱财,代人捉刀,成为商业恶性竞争的一步棋子,近年来屡见不鲜。而当真相赤裸裸的展现在世人面前时,媒体的公信力也正逐渐淹没在公众的质问和声讨中,“陈永洲事件”的轰动效应可见一斑。新媒体时代,公共信息愈发透明清晰,刻意隐藏真相反而显得欲盖弥彰,这也敦促着媒体人作为社会之公器,讲真话,办实事,坚守新闻伦理,秉持最基本的专业素养和职业操守,才能挽救岌岌可危的公信力。%The reporter receive money, the ghost, a row of commercial competition, in recent years It is often seen. But when the truth naked show in the world, the credibility of the media is also gradually submerged question in public and condemn,"remarkable sensation Chen Yong-zhou events". The new media era, public information more transparent and clear, deliberately hiding the truth becomes clearer, this also urged the media as a social justice, to tell the truth, do solid work, adhere to the news ethics, uphold the basic professional quality and occupation ethics, in order to save the precarious credibility.

  14. The Subject Confusion behind the Power Phantom --Comment on Non -Business Relationship by Chen Changping%权力魅影背后的主体迷茫——陈昌平《非生意关系》探析



    "Non - business Relationship" written by Chen Changping is about people "s complex disputes in the power of desire, which is showing the women in male - dominated power society are in the merciless reality of help- lessness and retreat, as well as revealing the real imbalance situation of the status of women and men under the magic wand of power. At the same time, the novel also reflects that both the sexes relationship between the conquest and subordination are gradually derived for the main relationship between abusive and battered in the power contest, which is enjoying the psychological shadow of abuse. In this wild deconstruction, they fall into a confusing social situation and an alienation situation.%陈昌平的《非生意关系》,围绕着人在权力欲求中的复杂纠葛,展现了女性在以男性为主导的权力社会中于无可奈何中败退的无情现实,揭示了权力魔杖下男女两性地位失衡的真实处境;同时,小说还反映了两性在权力较量中由征服与屈从的关系主体逐渐衍化为施虐与受虐的关系主体,并在这种享虐性心理阴影的猖狂解构下陷入迷茫性存在境遇的社会图景和异化情境。

  15. Cascade correlation-enhanced Raman scattering in atomic vapors

    Ma, Hong-Mei; Chen, Li-Qing; Yuan, Chun-Hua


    A new Raman process can be used to realize efficient Raman frequency conversion by coherent feedback at low light intensity [Chen B, Zhang K, Bian C L, Qiu C, Yuan C H, Chen L Q, Ou Z Y, and Zhang W P 2013 Opt. Express 21, 10490]. We present a theoretical model to describe this enhanced Raman process, termed as cascade correlation-enhanced Raman scattering, which is a Raman process injected by a seeded light field. It is correlated with the initially prepared atomic spin excitation and driven by the quasi-standing-wave pump fields, and the processes are repeated until the Stokes intensities are saturated. Such an enhanced Raman scattering may find applications in quantum information, nonlinear optics, and optical metrology due to its simplicity. Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 11474095, 11274118, and 91536114).

  16. Jacky Chen: Charity Also a Way of Social Responsibility

    Shang Lin'aiyi


    @@ On September, 19th, the crown of the year, a textile & apparel fair was successfully held in Shizhong District,Zaozhuang City, Shangdong Province. This fair, via exhibition, platform and trade cooperation,was a dynamic and comprehensive mecca for commercial exchange, logistics and information flow to perfect industrial chain, accelerate integration of industrial, marketing, capital and ultimate in a higher level market-oriented textile industry.

  17. Speech by CPAFFC President Chen Haosu at the Opening Ceremony


    <正>First of all,on behalf of the Chinese People’s Association for Friendship with Foreign Countries(CPAFFC) and China International Friendship Cities Association(CIFCA),I’d like to express our profound respect to our state leaders present here today,a sincere welcome to the delegates and guests representing various cities in China and other countries around the world,and,finally,cordial greetings and heartfelt thanks to all the friends who have over the years made unremitting efforts to the development of the cause of international friendship cities.

  18. Zur Bindung siliziumorganischer Verbindungen an mineralischen Grenzflächen

    Glowacky, Jens


    The open pore structure of cementitious materials makes it possible to absorb aqueous solutions. In practice cementitious materials are proteced by water repellent treatments to reduce significantly the damage processes of harmful ions. The chemical and mineralogical interactions between the water-repellent treatment and the mineral interface are little studied so far. In this work the system of mineral interface and silane is systematically guided from the model level to realistic conditions.

  19. CRFA President Chen Yuan Leads Delegation to Visit Russia

    Wen; Guangmei


    The year 2014 marked the 65th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic ties between China and Russia as well as establishment of the China-Russia Friendship Association(C R FA).The success ful meeting between Chinese President Xi Jinping and Russian President VladimirPutin in May of the year elevated the China-Russia comprehensive strategic cooperative partnership to a

  20. "Direct Action":A Perspective on How the New Culture Movement Develops---The evolvement of Chen Duxiu's Thought in Post-May Fourth Era and the Division of New Youth%“直接行动”:“新文化运动”的一种展开方式--后五四时期陈独秀的思想演进与《新青年》同人的分化



    1919年陈独秀自北京大学离职,次年南下上海,从此在思想与实践中更为深入地介入了现实政治。陈独秀的这一选择,与他在“五四”落潮以后对于“新文化运动”的展开方式以及未来走向的探索直接相关。此时的陈独秀强调“新文化运动”应从前一阶段的文化领域扩展到更为广阔的社会领域,以此纳入更多阶层的参与。而如何将被启蒙意识发现的“群众”组织起来作为一种新的历史主体,也就成为了他首先需要解决的问题。陈独秀认为,“直接行动”是其中的必由之路,而他对于共产主义的接受,正是在这一背景中展开的。由此导致的《新青年》同人在“谈/不谈政治”等问题上的分歧,以及最终的分化,实为两种不同的“新文化运动”方案的具体呈现。%Chen Duxiu resigned from Peking University in 1919 and then left for Shanghai next year. He has since got involved in the political affairs more deeply, both in thought and practice. His such change has attracted extensive attention, due to its relevance to the culture and politics of China hereafter. Chen Duxiu emphasized that the New Culture Movement ought to expand from the culture field to the larger social realm to incorporate people of all ranks and classes. Then comes the urgent problem for him:how to organize the enlightened mass and make them new historical subjects. Chen Duxiu maintained that the route of"direct action"was bound to be chosen, and it was in this milieu that Chen Duxiu came to embrace the communism and because of this the colleagues of New Youth were divided on the such issues as"discuss politics or not", leading to the ultimate division of New Youth. Actually, the division mirrored the fundamental differences between two blueprints of New Culture Movement.