Sample records for zhou nicolae marian

  1. Nicolas Delruelle

    Staff Association


    It was with great sadness that we learned that our colleague and friend Nicolas Delruelle, a delegate of the Staff Association since 2010, passed away on Wednesday, 14 September. Since the announcement of his illness, Nicolas fought bravely. His funeral will be held on Tuesday, 20 September at 13:30 in the Chapel of the Funeral centre of Saint-Georges in Petit-Lancy. Our thoughts are with his wife, his children, his parents and the entire family, to whom we extend our deepest condolences. We will dedicate a more detailed tribute to Nicolas in the next Echo. His friends and colleagues of the Staff Council and the Secretariat of the Staff Association  

  2. Entretien avec Marian Pankowski

    Dorota Walczak


    Full Text Available PrésentationMarian Pankowski est né le 9 novembre 1919 à Sanok, dans les Carpates polonaises. Fils d’un métallurgiste, il a passé son enfance et son adolescence dans sa ville natale, une petite bourgade habitée par des Polonais, des Juifs et des Ukrainiens. La guerre interrompit ses études de philologie à l’Université de Cracovie. Il prit part aux combats de l’armée polonaise. Arrêté en 1942 pour faits de résistance, il fut envoyé à Auschwitz. Transféré dans différents camps, la Libération le...

  3. Nicolas Delruelle 1965 - 2016

    Staff Association


    On Tuesday, 20th September, many CERN colleagues gathered to attend the funeral of Nicolas Delruelle, accompanying and supporting his family in this difficult moment. During the farewell ceremony, many colleagues and friends expressed their deep sorrow, evoking not only the career of Nicolas, but also the personality and qualities of this jovial and likeable person, who was also committed to the Staff Association. We hope that all these moving testimonies could bring some comfort to his bereaved family. We reproduce hereafter the tribute paid by the Staff Association to Nicolas, our dear colleague, friend and comrade in the Staff Council.   Meyrin, 20th September Translated form the French original In Memoriam Nicolas Delruelle Our colleague Nicolas was elected as delegate to the CERN Staff Council in 2010. Beyond merely a colleague, Nicolas became, for all of us, a remarkable contributor to the work of the Staff Association. Soon, he joined the Executive Committee, our political organ, to repre...

  4. Nicolas-Henri Jardin

    Kjær, Ulla

    Forskningsbaseret formidling af det samme emne som forfatterens disputats fra 2010: en redegørelse for den franskfødte arkitekt Nicolas-Henri Jardins liv og tid og for hans arbejder i Danmark med særligt henblik på hans afgørende betydning for udviklingen af den danske kunst og arkitektur....

  5. Nicolas Delruelle (1965 - 2016)


    Nicolas Delruelle passed his degree in aerospace engineering with flying colours at the University of Liège, Belgium, in 1987. He was soon recruited by the FN Moteur company, a subsidiary of Snecma, and was seconded to the Société Européenne de Propulsion (SEP) in Vernon, France, where he worked on testing the cryogenic engines for the third stages of the Ariane rockets. Subsequently he developed and carried out simulations for the new Vulcain cryogenic engine, for use on the Ariane 5 rockets.   At the end of 1991, Nicolas was recruited by CERN to join the Cryogenics group, where he worked on the SPS superconducting cavities, for the injection of electrons and positrons into LEP. He proved his mastery of cryogenic processes by taking delivery of two helium coolers allowing the superconducting cavities to be cooled to 4.5 K. In the early 1990s, CERN was deploying real-time process monitoring using microprocessors for the first time. Nicolas played a pion...

  6. The Marian Feasts Across the Lutheran Reformation in Denmark

    Petersen, Nils Holger


    A discussion of continuities and changes in conceptions and celebrations of Marian feasts across the Danish Lutheran reformation, based in particular on discussions of Hans Tausen's sermons at Marian feasts from his published sermon collection (1536) and the liturgical documentation in Niels...

  7. Marian Smoluchowski: A story behind one photograph

    A. Ilnytska


    Full Text Available We discuss the photograph procured from the archives of the V.Stefanyk Lviv National Scientific Library of Ukraine dated by 1904 which shows Marian Smoluchowski together with professors and graduate students of the Philosophy department of the Lviv University. The personalia includes both the professors and the graduates depicted on the photograph with the emphasis on the graduates as being much less known and studied. The photograph originates from the collection of the Shevchenko Scientific Society, therefore a brief historical background on the activities of physicists in this society around that period of time is provided as well.

  8. Marian Smoluchowski: A story behind one photograph

    Ilnytska, A; Holovatch, Yu; Trokhymchuk, A; 10.5488/CMP.15.47101


    We discuss the photograph procured from the archives of the V. Stefanyk Lviv National Scientific Library of Ukraine dated by 1904 which shows Marian Smoluchowski together with professors and graduate students of the Philosophy department of the Lviv University. The personalia includes both the professors and the graduates depicted on the photograph with the emphasis on the graduates as being much less known and studied. The photograph originates from the collection of the Shevchenko Scientific Society, therefore a brief historical background on the activities of physicists in this society around that period of time is provided as well.

  9. Portrait. Nicolas Bourriaud

    Muracciole, Marie


    L’art est entré dans la vie de Nicolas Bourriaud par la bibliothèque familiale, à Niort, avant d’en faire l’expérience en 1983 dans l’exposition Yves Klein au Centre Pompidou. Le catalogue lui apparaît comme une mine d’or. Il a dix-sept ans, et Pierre Restany, prescripteur littéraire du Nouveau Réalisme, restera pour lui un modèle. En 1985, Bourriaud fonde avec Jean-Yves Jouannais et Christophe Duchatelet la société Perpendiculaire, et en 1995 la revue éponyme. Un pamphlet de Bourriaud dans L...

  10. The awaited miracle: reflections of Marian apparitions in Garabandal, Spain

    Niklas Sjöström


    Full Text Available This article reflects upon Marian apparitions that occurred during the years 1961 to 1965 in the village of San Sebastián de Garabandal, or Garabandal, in northern Spain, giving rise to pilgrimages ever since. The events coincided with the Second Ecumenical Council of the Vatican, or Vatican II. Garabandal is the only Marian apparition event to have prophesied and commented on Vatican II. Nevertheless, in Christendom, travelling to Garabandal is regarded as an alternative pilgrimage.The pilgrimage route is in several ways unique compared to journeys to other Marian pilgrimage shrines, since it has not yet been approved by the Catholic Church. Pilgrimages to Garabandal were even officially forbidden for several years. The Catholic Church authorities originally declared travelling to Garabandal as forbidden for church officials such as priests and others. This article gives an overview of the case of Garabandal through the years and reflect upon why this place is considered special in comparison to other pilgrimage sites. The study examines such aspects of pilgrimages to this village as location and motivation, the Virgin Mary and Marian apparitions and also the messages and miracles of Garabandal.

  11. Later Zhou Sejong's Cultural Policy

    PAN Qing


    Sejong wanted to stabilize the control. He paid attention to strengthen cultural enlightenment and implement cultural policy from educating people, choosing capable person, repairing history, limiting Buddhism, respecting Confucianism and other aspects. The wind of literature rise gradually. It is conducive to research the developmental trajectory of Later Zhou Dynasty.

  12. Zhou Fohai:Changeable Life


    <正>As we know,Zhou Fohai had changed his identity for three times in his life.He was once an representative of"first national congress"of CPC and deputy secretary;in 1924,he withdrew from CPC,and became trusted follower of Jiang Kai-shek and"NO 1 Central Committee"in Kuomintang;during anti-

  13. Nicolas Sarkozy a recu son homologue estonien


    Prantsusmaa president Nicolas Sarkozy pakkus 7. aprillil 2008 Elysée palees kohtumisel president Toomas Hendrik Ilvesega Eestile Prantsusmaa abi tuumaenergeetika küsimustes. Vabariigi President töövisiidil Pariisis 6.-8.04.2008

  14. Nicolas Sarkozy a recu son homologue estonien


    Prantsusmaa president Nicolas Sarkozy pakkus 7. aprillil 2008 Elysée palees kohtumisel president Toomas Hendrik Ilvesega Eestile Prantsusmaa abi tuumaenergeetika küsimustes. Vabariigi President töövisiidil Pariisis 6.-8.04.2008

  15. Women in History--Marian Wright Edelman: Crusader for Civil and Children's Rights

    Mills, Shirley J.


    This article profiles Marian Wright Edelman, a crusader for civil and children's rights. She was born June 6, 1939, at a time when prejudice and segregation were the norm. The Wright family lived in a small, southern town of Bennetsville, South Carolina, where Marian was the youngest of five children. Her father, the Reverend Arthur Jerome Wright,…

  16. Nicola Cabibbo (1935-2010)


      Nicola Cabibbo, one of the most important theoretical physicists of our time, died of cancer in Rome on 16 August, 2010 at the age of 75.   Copyright Massimo Silvano, ICTP Photo Archives. Before the discovery of quarks, he gave the correct formulation of the weak current couplings that in modern terms corresponds to the phenomenon of quark mixing. His formulation, in terms of the famous Cabibbo angle, was later extended to three families of fermions (and more recently also applied to neutrino mixing), and plays an essential role in the Standard Model of fundamental interactions. Over the years he applied his extremely lucid, deep and flexible mind to a wide range of problems, also including experiments, such as the measurement in 1963 of the electron helicity in muon decay, and the conception and design of the parallel computers APE, which he developed, starting in the early 1980s, for the simulation of the QCD theory of the strong interactions on discrete space-time. Highly respect...

  17. Institutional violence towards Bolivian migrant woman. Marianism and mobility restriction

    Virginia Maria Fuentes Gutiérrez


    Full Text Available In this paper we outline some of the research results of a larger work which studies the Bolivian migration from a gender perspective, as well as the impact of the institutional practices that determine the transnational experience. In a global scene of restrictive rules concerning the human mobility, we notice how control and dominance strategies are present in ideologies and symbolic mechanisms. Women options in the migration process are trapped through them. We propose to recognize the symbolic and institutional violence that pressures migrants during their migration journey, focusing on understanding the ideological content — sexism and marianism — in which they are based on. We present an analysis of the instrumented ways of applying violence against Bolivian migrant women and its families from the social action practices implemented at origin and destination (transnational perspective.

  18. Marian Roberts, Developing the Craft of Mediation: Reflections on Theory and Practice

    Ghislaine M. Lanteigne


    Full Text Available In Developing the Craft of Mediation, Marian Roberts proposes that mediation is akin to a craft with its focus on learning from experience and from others working in the field to develop and master knowledge and skills.

  19. MARIANE: MApReduce Implementation Adapted for HPC Environments

    Fadika, Zacharia; Dede, Elif; Govindaraju, Madhusudhan; Ramakrishnan, Lavanya


    MapReduce is increasingly becoming a popular framework, and a potent programming model. The most popular open source implementation of MapReduce, Hadoop, is based on the Hadoop Distributed File System (HDFS). However, as HDFS is not POSIX compliant, it cannot be fully leveraged by applications running on a majority of existing HPC environments such as Teragrid and NERSC. These HPC environments typicallysupport globally shared file systems such as NFS and GPFS. On such resourceful HPC infrastructures, the use of Hadoop not only creates compatibility issues, but also affects overall performance due to the added overhead of the HDFS. This paper not only presents a MapReduce implementation directly suitable for HPC environments, but also exposes the design choices for better performance gains in those settings. By leveraging inherent distributed file systems' functions, and abstracting them away from its MapReduce framework, MARIANE (MApReduce Implementation Adapted for HPC Environments) not only allows for the use of the model in an expanding number of HPCenvironments, but also allows for better performance in such settings. This paper shows the applicability and high performance of the MapReduce paradigm through MARIANE, an implementation designed for clustered and shared-disk file systems and as such not dedicated to a specific MapReduce solution. The paper identifies the components and trade-offs necessary for this model, and quantifies the performance gains exhibited by our approach in distributed environments over Apache Hadoop in a data intensive setting, on the Magellan testbed at the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC).

  20. Nicolas Sarkozy - kas Prantsusmaa ajalooline võimalus / Margo Pajuste

    Pajuste, Margo


    Prantsusmaa presidendi Nicolas Sarkozy neli esimest ametikuud. Kevadel presidendiks valitud poliitikult ootavad prantslased esmalt lahendusi päevaprobleemidele, kuid eelkõige Prantsusmaa positsiooni taastamist rahvusvahelisel areenil

  1. Nicolas Sarkozy - kas Prantsusmaa ajalooline võimalus / Margo Pajuste

    Pajuste, Margo


    Prantsusmaa presidendi Nicolas Sarkozy neli esimest ametikuud. Kevadel presidendiks valitud poliitikult ootavad prantslased esmalt lahendusi päevaprobleemidele, kuid eelkõige Prantsusmaa positsiooni taastamist rahvusvahelisel areenil


    Aprilia Firmonasari


    Full Text Available The article attempts to analyze Nicolas Sarkozy’s political discourse in the 2007 French Presidential Election. His political campaign ended up in victory and he was later voted the President of France. The analysis adopts Lacanian psycho-structural analysis because it enables the writer to uncover which type of passion Sarkozy promoted in his political discourse. In the efforts to gain vote, Sarkozy’s political discourse was set to be persuasive and provocative in nature raising the issue of passive narcissist passion. This issue was accomplished through the use of signs, metonymies, and metaphors.

  3. Wind resource assessment: San Nicolas Island, California

    McKenna, E. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States); Olsen, T.L. [Timothy L. Olsen Consulting, (United States)


    San Nicolas Island (SNI) is the site of the Navy Range Instrumentation Test Site which relies on an isolated diesel-powered grid for its energy needs. The island is located in the Pacific Ocean 85 miles southwest of Los Angeles, California and 65 miles south of the Naval Air Weapons Station (NAWS), Point Mugu, California. SNI is situated on the continental shelf at latitude N33{degree}14` and longitude W119{degree}27`. It is approximately 9 miles long and 3.6 miles wide and encompasses an area of 13,370 acres of land owned by the Navy in fee title. Winds on San Nicolas are prevailingly northwest and are strong most of the year. The average wind speed is 7.2 m/s (14 knots) and seasonal variation is small. The windiest months, March through July, have wind speeds averaging 8.2 m/s (16 knots). The least windy months, August through February, have wind speeds averaging 6.2 m/s (12 knots).

  4. Maakondliku Liivide etluskonkursi võitis gümnasist Marian Heinat / Ene Kallas

    Kallas, Ene


    Maakondliku Juhan ja Jakob Liivi etluskonkursi žüriisse kuulusid Ott Aardam, Käthe Pihlak, Piret Rauk, Vaido Luks ja Marili Pärtel. Grand prix' võitis Marian Heimat, laureaatideks tulid Liisa Saaremäel, Maria Pihlak ja Laura Oolup. Eripreemiad said Marii Metsmaa, Ermo Loik, Sander Aavik, Kaimar Nuut ja Priidu Aardam

  5. Josephine's journey: Gender-based violence and Marian devotion in urban Papua New Guinea

    Hermkens, A.K.


    This article deals with how, in the urban setting of Madang, Papua New Guinea, Marian devotion is deployed in response to domestic and gender-based violence. While providing insight into the lived religious experiences of Catholic women living in Madang, this article shows how Mary empowers her

  6. Growing Old before Old Age: Ageing in the Fiction of Marian Keyes

    Perez-Serrano, Elena


    This research analyzes the ways in which the ageing process is articulated in Marian Keyes's novels. Keyes is one of numerous authors within the genre of "chick lit," or "post-feminist fiction." This type of literature, begun in the mid-1990s, mainly deals with the process of the coming into adulthood of the female protagonists. They not only…

  7. Persuasion: Nicolas Pineau's Designs on the Social

    Scott, Katie


    Full Text Available This essay offers a Latourian account of the wood sculptor Nicolas Pineau's design process via a reading of Jean-François Bastide's novella La petite maison. It argues that the conventional form assumed by his drawings or 'inscriptions' – the indications of scale, the delineation of options, the signatures and marginal notes – can be read as traces of seduction that helped 'translate' potential patrons to a taste for Rococo. The essay further suggests that the activation of the taste at the point of commission was kept alive in the designs executed by the bi-modal asymmetry that is characteristic of the goût pittoresque because its exercise was considered a mark of refinement.

  8. Bronze Inscription Calendar and Western Zhou Kings' Reigns

    张长寿; 莫润先


    In the inscriptions of Western Zhou bronzes there are quantities of calendrical data recording years, months and days. Of them are those completely indicating the year of king's reign, the moon, the lunar phase, and the day designated by the Heavenly Stems and Earthly Branches system. These records are of great significance to studying the Western Zhou calendar, establishing the bronze inscription calendar, and identifying the reigning years of the Western Zhou kings.

  9. Nicolae Ceausescu si Santiago Carrillo: Despre reforma internationalismului comunist

    Cezar Stanciu


    .... It explores the similarities and differences between the visions of Nicolae Ceausescu and Santiago Carrillo on the reform of the world Communist movement and also the new meaning attributed by both...

  10. Homosexuality: representing the devil or a spiritual gift? Two opposing views in the same Marian devotion.

    Samson, Judith; Notermans, Catrien; Jansen, Willy


    This article analyzes opposing discourses on homosexuality forwarded by two different Catholic social actors. These are linked to the messages of the Lady of All Nations, a Marian apparition site in Amsterdam. These different actors are understood as competing moral communities ( Hunt, 2009 ), especially about the issue of what constitute European values. Both discourses can be seen as examples of the minoritizing yet universalizing view on homosexuality ( Kosofsky Sedgwick, 1990 , p. 85). The devotion to the Lady of All Nations serves as a site for promoting competing discourses ( Hermkens, Jansen, & Notermans, 2009 ).

  11. Nicolas Sarkozy de hervormer en het personalistisch presidentschap

    Pas, N.


    Niek Pas explains that Nicolas Sarkozy's leadership qualities are difficult to assess. He represents a com­plex political persona and is both a representative and dissident within the thoroughly personalized French political culture. Although he presented himself as an outsider in the 2007 president

  12. Nicola gen. nov. with redescription of Nicola tetela (Borojevic & Peixinho, 1976) (Porifera: Calcarea: Calcinea: Clathrinida).

    Cóndor-Luján, B; Klautau, M


    Guancha tetela was originally described as a species having a peduncle and a skeleton exclusively composed of sagittal triactines. Therefore, according to the most recent phylogeny of Clathrinida, it should be placed in the genus Clathrina. This species was collected on the Northeastern Brazilian coast in 1968 and it was not collected again until 2011 in Curaçao. In this study, we reanalyzed the type material and the new specimens from Curaçao under a morphological-molecular approach. Morphological analysis revealed the presence of tetractines in the skeleton of all the studied specimens, including a slide of the holotype. In the molecular phylogeny G. tetela grouped with genera containing tetractines, but as an independent new lineage, different from all the other genera of Clathrinida. Based on these results, we propose the erection of a new genus, Nicola gen. nov., to include species whose body is composed of tubes without anastomosis nor branches but that run in parallel and coalesce at the apical and basal regions. Moreover, the skeleton is exclusively composed of sagittal triactines and tetractines.

  13. Operant Psychology Goes to the Fair: Marian and Keller Breland in the Popular Press, 1947-1966

    Bailey, Robert E.; Gillaspy, J. Arthur, Jr.


    Marian and Keller Breland pioneered the application of operant psychology to commercial animal training during the 1940s and 1950s. The Brelands' story is relatively unknown in the history of behavior analysis. Using information from the Breland-Bailey papers, this paper describes the development and activities of Animal Behavior Enterprises…

  14. Le sentiment religieux dans le Jeu de Saint Nicolas

    Rey-Flaud, Henri


    Le Jeu de saint Nicolas est un miracle, c'est même le premier miracle dramatisé en français. Il appartient donc de fait au théâtre religieux, au théâtre qui "relie" les hommes entre eux, les hommes au groupe, les hommes à la divinité. La religion dans le Jeu de saint Nicolas, ce sont d'abord les dieux païens, incarnés par Tervagan qui sont comme une caricature de la divinité selon Bodel. Le dieu païen est coupé des hommes. Il s'adresse à eux par l'oracle ambigu au Roi (v. 183). D'emblée, il n...

  15. Intellectual pursuits of Nicolas Rashevsky the queer duck of biology

    Shmailov, Maya M


    Who was Nicolas Rashevsky? To answer that question, this book draws on Rashevsky’s unexplored personal archival papers and shares interviews with his family, students and friends, as well as discussions with biologists and mathematical biologists, to flesh out and complete the picture. “Most modern-day biologists have never heard of Rashevsky. Why?” In what constitutes the first detailed biography of theoretical physicist Nicolas Rashevsky (1899-1972), spanning key aspects of his long scientific career, the book captures Rashevsky’s ways of thinking about the place mathematical biology should have in biology and his personal struggle for the acceptance of his views. It brings to light the tension between mathematicians, theoretical physicists and biologists when it comes to the introduction of physico-mathematical tools into biology. Rashevsky’s successes and failures in his efforts to establish mathematical biology as a subfield of biology provide an important test case for understanding the role o...

  16. The new Weibo service for company Ju Zhou Kan

    Wang, Chen


    The purpose of this thesis is creating a new Weibo service of Company Ju Zhou Kan. Company Ju Zhou Kan is a real estate magazine company. In order to give a suitable service for the case company, first is to analyze the company competitive and to get the shortages of the company. Second is the theoretical support of social media and Weibo. Third is to find out factors influenced Weibo in the external and internal environment of Kunming. Last is to confirm the new Weibo service and implement W...

  17. Prof.Zhou Yiqiang'S Experience in Treatment of Lung Cancer

    范宏宇; 王黎军


    @@ Bronchogenic carcinoma, the dominant form of malignant lung cancers, refers to canceration of the bronchial mucosa. Prof. Zhou accumulated a wealth of experience in treating complicated diseases with TCM measures and was especially skillful in treating lung cancers. His understandings about the art of treating lung cancers often brought about excellent results.

  18. Nicola Cusano e il foro astronomico al castello di Andraz

    de Dona', G.

    Cardinal Nicolas from Cues (1401-1464) was friend of Paolo Toscanelli and one of the first supporters of heliocentrism. He carved a tube in the south western wall of a room of the castle of Andraz. It was possibly used to calculate the date of the winter solstice, in order to evaluate the corrections needed to the Julian calendar then in use. The astronomical use of this tube is described. The accuracy achievable in the measurement of the solstice is surprising. It is possible that the tubes made by Gerbert of Aurillac (945-1003) were used with similar awareness.

  19. 33 CFR 110.220 - Pacific Ocean at San Nicolas Island, Calif.; restricted anchorage areas.


    ... Pacific Ocean at San Nicolas Island, Calif.; restricted anchorage areas. (a) The restricted areas—(1) East area. All waters within a circle having a radius of one nautical mile centered at latitude 33°13′45... approximately 101°, 420 yards, from San Nicolas Island East End Light. (2) West area. Shoreward of a...

  20. Legends about Legends: Abraham Eleazar's Adaptation of Nicolas Flamel.

    Priesner, Claus


    This paper explores the relationship between three illustrated alchemical treatises, all of which are associated with Jewish adepts: the famous Le Livre des figures hieroglyphiques attributed to Nicolas Flamel, and two treatises published in 1735 in Erfurt-the Uraltes Chymisches Werckh and the Donum Dei. The Werckh is supposedly written by Rabbi Abraham Eleazar, while the Donum Dei is attributed to an ancient alchemist-cabalist, Rabbi Samuel Baruch. I argue that these authors are fictitious, and that both works were in fact written in the early eighteenth century by their supposed editor, the probably pseudonymous Julius Gervasius. Gervasius connects the Werckh with the legend of Nicolas Flamel by suggesting that it is based on the original, Jewish manuscript which helped Flamel to find the Stone of the Sages. Gervasius used various strategies to confer a sense of Jewish "authenticity" on these works, borrowing from contemporary (non-Jewish) perceptions of Jewish ritual, Hebrew language, and Christian Cabala. The Werckh also borrows and adapts a sequence of allegorical illustrations from those in pseudo-Flamel's Livre, and I compare the two sets of figures and, where possible, interpret them. I conclude that the later works in fact teach us far more about the state of alchemy in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries than they do about either medieval alchemy or Judaism.

  1. Antoni marian gabryszewski as a pioneer of orthopaedics and rehabilitation in poland.

    Jandziś, Sławomir


    This article describes the work of Dr. Antoni Marian Gabryszewski, orthopaedic surgeon, associate professor at Lvov University, towards the development of orthopaedics and rehabilitation in Poland before World War I. It is based on archival materials, publications in medical journals and articles from the daily press of that time. The author presents little-known facts concerning Dr. Gabryszewski's occupational and academic activity and his work at the Surgery Dept. of Lvov University as well as his habilitation dissertation, regarded as the first attempt to position orthopaedics as distinct from surgery in Poland. The article also describes his long-term work at the private Orthopaedic Facility established in 1898 in Lvov which later incorporated the Zander Institute in 1908. The Zander Institute was the first in Galicia to offer exercise machines designed by Dr. Gustav Zander, imported from Stockholm and enjoying an extraordinary popularity in the world. Dr. Gabryszewski's practice as a spa doctor, which he pursued in Iwonicz Zdrój in the summer months, is also presented. Dr. A. Gabryszewski introduced comprehensive rehabilitation to the treatment of orthopaedic patients both at the Surgery Dept. of Lvov University and at his Orthopaedic Facility. He used therapeutic gymnastics (particularly mechanotherapy), therapeutic massage, physical therapy and orthopaedic aids. Analysis of the source materials leads to unequivocal conclusions attesting to Dr. A. Gabryszewski's pioneering role and significant contribution to the development of orthopaedics and rehabilitation in Poland.

  2. Hybrid energy system cost analysis: San Nicolas Island, California

    Olsen, T.L.; McKenna, E.


    This report analyzes the local wind resource and evaluates the costs and benefits of supplementing the current diesel-powered energy system on San Nicolas Island, California (SNI), with wind turbines. In Section 2.0 the SNI site, naval operations, and current energy system are described, as are the data collection and analysis procedures. Section 3.0 summarizes the wind resource data and analyses that were presented in NREL/TP 442-20231. Sections 4.0 and 5.0 present the conceptual design and cost analysis of a hybrid wind and diesel energy system on SNI, with conclusions following in Section 6. Appendix A presents summary pages of the hybrid system spreadsheet model, and Appendix B contains input and output files for the HYBRID2 program.

  3. La stratégie communicative de Nicolas Sarkozy

    Susanna Pigliapochi


    Full Text Available This essay analyses the communicational strategy followed by French President Nicolas Sarkozy, before, during and after his rise to power. Starting from the studies on political communication carried out by the sociologists Dominique Wolton and Jacques Gerstlé, this paper traces the innovative stylistic elements of Sakozy's political language, highlighting the reasons of his election success and the causes of his fluctuating popularity afterwards. Moreover, the French President's finely structured media strategy is investigated, focusing in particular on the personalization tendency and the building of a powerful public image. Furthermore, this essay examines the main symbols and communicational themes utilized by the French President, with the aim of  exploring and evaluating their influence on the electorate and on the public opinion.

  4. 聚焦尼古拉%Spotighto Nicola


    @@ 由Cheryl Tweedy、Kimberley Walsh、Nadine Coyle、Nicola Roberts 、Sarah Harding 五位才艺美少女所组成的"女孩乐团",在2003年各界瞩目下推出首张专辑"Sound Of The Underground" 中入全英专辑榜亚军,同时推出的单曲"No Good Advice"也入座单曲榜亚军位置.别以为漂亮的美眉就只会搔首弄姿跳着既定舞步, "女孩乐团"要让你耳目一新!

  5. De heroínas y mujeres. La trayectoria cinematográfica del personaje de Lady Marian

    Pérez Herrera, Gema


    Full Text Available The transformation of the role of women over the course of the 20th century can be seen particularly clearly in the cinema. The analysis of various cinematic representations of Lady Marian, Robin Hood’s romantic partner, reveals the transformation in the female from feminine to heroic between 1922 and the present. This change involves Marian adopting male roles and being included in scenes that were previously reserved for male characters, together with a progressive masculinisation of women. Analysing films made in different decades shows how cinema always conveys a contemporary message, reflecting human and cultural models in keeping with the sensitivities of its viewers.La revolución histórica de la mujer a lo largo del siglo XX ha tenido su correlato en un testigo de excepción: el cine. El análisis de varias representaciones cinematográficas de Lady Marian, protagonista femenina de la leyenda de Robin Hood, desde 1922 hasta algunas de las producciones más recientes permite señalar que se ha producido un cambio en el papel de lo femenino en lo heroico. Este cambio pasa por la adopción de roles y la inclusión en escenarios antaño reservados para el protagonismo masculino, así como por una progresiva masculinización de la mujer. El análisis de las representaciones realizadas en cada década del siglo XX permite también comprobar cómo el cine siempre proyecta un mensaje contemporáneo, reflejando en sus historias modelos humanos y culturales acordes con la sensibilidad de cada tiempo.

  6. Nicolae Ceausescu and Santiago Carrillo. On the reform of proletarian internationalism

    Cezar Stanciu


    .... It explores the similarities and differences between the visions of Nicolae Ceaușescu and Santiago Carrillo on the reform of the world Communist movement and also the new meaning attributed by both to proletarian internationalism...

  7. Sul foro nella stanza di Nicola Cusano al castello di Andraz: un'ipotesi astronomica

    de Donà, G.


    Nicolas Krebs (Kues 1401 - Todi 1464), also called Nicola Cusano, or Nicholas of Cusa - reached the Castello di Andraz (BL, Italy), where he lived for a long period. In a wall of his room there is a hole representing a possible astronomical function. In this paper, the author illustrates the orientation of the hole and suggests that it is been created by the great German thinker to correct the Julian calendar.

  8. A Preliminary Study of the Western Zhou Building Foundations at Yuntang in Fufeng, Shaanxi

    徐良高; 王巍; 丁晓雷


    From autumn 1999 through the year 2000, Zhouyuan Archaeological Team excavated a set of Western Zhou building foundations, which was well preserved and uniquely designed. It is significantly valuable for the research on the ritual system of the Western Zhou Dynasty. We here by try to make a preliminary study on its structure and function with reference of historical literature.

  9. Prantsuse tsüklon liigub üle euroliidu : Nicolas Sarkozy tegevus valmistab Berliinile peavalu / Jeroen Bult

    Bult, Jeroen


    Rahvusvahelise meedia arvamusest Prantsusmaa presidendi Nicolas Sarkozy kohta. Jeroen Bult leiab, et Sarkozy on suutnud meediale muljet avaldada, ometi pole tema tegevus euroliidus kandnud loodetud vilja

  10. Complete solution to a conjecture of Zhang-Liu-Zhou

    Mostafa Tavakoli


    Full Text Available Let dn;m = 2n+1 and En;m be the graph obtained from a path Pdn;m+1 = v0v1:::vdn;m by joining each vertex of Kn by joining each vertex of Kn. Zhang, Liu and Zhou [On the maximal eccentric connectivity indices of graphs, Appl. Math. J. Chinese Univ., in press] conjectured that if dn;m > 3, then En;m is the graph with maximal eccentric connectivity ndex among all connected graph with n vertices and m edges. In this note, we prove this conjecture. Moreover, we present the graph with maximal eccentric connectivity index among the connected graphs with n vertices. Finally, the minimum of this graph invariant n the classes of tricyclic and tetracyclic graphs are computed.

  11. A Survey of the Xia-Shang-Zhou Chronology Project

    Xi Zezong


    @@ Ⅰ. Goals In connection with the history of science, the XiaShang-Zhou Chronology Project is one of the important projects of the National Key Science and Technology Research and Development Programme of the Ninth Five-Year Plan. It officially began in May 1996.After five years of effort by more than 200 scholars and experts from the Chinese Academy of Sciences,the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Peking University and other institutions, the project has attained its goal. The general goal of the project is to establish a chronological table for the three dynasties by means of combining the humanities and social sciences with the natural sciences. The concrete goals for different historical periods are:

  12. 110th Anniversary of Premier Zhou’s Birthday What qualifications make Zhou Enlai a leader?


    Zhou Enlai (1898. 3. 5—1976. 1. 8) was one of the most lasting statesman of the PRC. He survived 60 years of revolutionary turmoil, five civil wars, two World Wars and 12 years of Japanese invasion.

  13. Delegation of“Zhou Enlai and Japan”Exhibition Visits Japan


    <正>At the invitation of the Japan-China Friendship Association(JCFA) and the Japan Foundation,the delegation of the"Zhou Enlai and Japan"exhibition with Wang Xiaoxian, Vice President of the China -Japan Friendship Association(CJFA), as its head,and Zhao Wei,Secretary of Zhou Enlai and Deng Yingchao,as its advisor,paid a visit to Japan from October 27 to 30,2009.

  14. De-metaphorizing and becoming animal: when the animal looks back. A reading of Marian Engel’s Bear = Desmetaforizando e tornando-se animal: quando o animal retorna o olhar. Uma leitura do romance Bear, de Marian Engel

    Alessandra Meoni


    Full Text Available The primacy acquired by nature in our current culture has given way to several issues not strictly connected with an immediate and ‘purely’ ecological interest: there is rather the need to question how we conceive the animal with a focus on the possibility to transcend Western cultural heritage. When trying to give a literary representation of the animal, it is particularly important to adopt some measures which, following the trajectory of a genuine, positive ‘becoming-animal’, will safeguard its independence and avoid reducing it to metaphorically anthropomorphic representations. This essay intends to underline how, from this viewpoint, a few novels coming from the post-colonial area, where animal tales often show how interwoven humans and animals are and how they are constructed in relation to each other supply interesting case studies. My interest focuses particularly on Canadian Marian Engel’s Bear, where the writer tries to deal with unspeakable subjects between a woman and a bear: through an act of radical approach to its physical reality, the former comes first to recognize the latter, and then to accept its Otherness. On its side, the bear seemingly ‘shows’ a post-colonial attitude subversively resisting a typically Western anthropomorphic allegorization. Holding fast to itself and its animality, choosing in a way to ‘stay mute’, the bear keeps the role of a ‘perceptivecatalyst’, ‘thought-producing’ and thus ‘world-changing’, according to an aesthetics of perception suggesting that the animal gaze might be the best perspective from which to observe not only our world, but especially our own selves.Uma leitura do romance Bear, de Marian Engel. A primazia adquirida pela natureza sobre a acultura em nossos dias abriu o caminho para vários problemas não exatamente ligados a interesses imediatos ou puramente ecológicos. Pode-se perguntar como poderemos conceber oanimal tendo como foco a possibilidade de

  15. Chick lit as the new woman’s fiction: inscriptions in Marian Keyes’s novel Watermelon. Naujųjų moterų literatūra: atspindžiai Marian Keys romane Arbūzas

    Irena Ragaišienė


    Full Text Available Straipsnyje aptariama nauja tendencija moterų literatūroje. Ši tendencija apibūdinama kaip komerciniu požiūriu sėkmingų romanų protrūkis. Šiuo romanus vienijanti tema – jaunų moterų pastangos suderinti sėkmingą karjerą ir emancipuotos moters asmeninius poreikius. Kritinėje šios literatūros recepcijoje vyrauja dvi nuomonės. Vieni kritikai naująjį žanrą tapatina su meilės romanu, skirtu vartojiškumo dvasios apimtai skaitytojų auditorijai, kiti teigia, kad šis žanras įkūnija realistinio romano sugrįžimą ir nurodo akivaizdžias sąsajas su jo žanrinėmis variacijomis. Šiuo požiūriu ši literatūra atspindi svarbiausius laikmečio faktorius, lemiančius tapatybės raidą. Marian Keyes romane Arbūzas pastebimi charakteringiausi aptariamojo naujojo literatūros žanro bruožai, straipsnyje analizuojami pasitelkiant šio žanro tyrinėtojų vertinimus.

  16. Chaos Control and Synchronization of a Hyperchaotic Zhou System by Integral Sliding Mode control

    Yashar Toopchi


    Full Text Available In this paper, an adaptive integral sliding mode control scheme is proposed for synchronization of hyperchaotic Zhou systems. In the proposed scheme, an integral sliding mode control is designed to stabilize a hyperchaotic Zhou system with known parameters to its unstable equilibrium at the origin. The control is then applied to the synchronization of two identical systems, i.e., a slave and a master hyperchaotic Zhou system with unknown parameters. The adaptive control mechanism introduced synchronizes the systems by estimating the unknown parameters. Simulation results have shown that the proposed method has an excellent convergence from both speed and accuracy points of view, and it outperforms Vaidyanathan’s scheme, which is a well-recognized scheme in this area.

  17. Le temps comme explication de l'éternité chez Nicolas de Cues

    Counet, Jean-Michel


    La présence de Boèce chez Nicolas de Cues est évidente à plus d’un titre. En lien avec la thèse controversée de Stump et Kretzmann selon laquelle l’éternité serait conçue par Boèce comme étendue, l’article s’efforce de savoir ce qu’il en est de l’éternité chez Nicolas de Cues. La coïncidence des opposés doit être comprise à ce niveau comme la présence simultanée et connexe de tous les moments du temps. Une durée est dès lors comprise comme une contraction particulière de l’éternité et elle ap...

  18. Diurnal variation of marine stratocumulus over San Nicolas Island during the FIRE IFO

    Davies, R.; Blaskovic, M.


    Preliminary analysis was made of data collected at San Nicolas Island during the Intensive Field Observation (IFO) phase of the First International Satellite Cloud Climatology Program's Regional Experiment (FIRE). Of particular interest was an examination of a distinct diurnal variation in the cloud properties, despite an apparent absence of diurnal forcing from the surface. Direct or indirect radiative modulation of such clouds, as proposed by Fravalo at el. (1981) and Turton and Nicholls (1987) indeed seems likely. Preliminary observational evidence for diurnal change in the marine stratocumulus adjacent to San Nicolas Island is presented. A comparison is then made between the observed behavior and predictions from theoretical models of the interactive effect of radiation on boundary layer clouds.

  19. (Impossibilities of Brasília in poems by Nicolas Behr

    Laíse Ribas Bastos


    Full Text Available Thinking on the poetry of Nicolas Behr may be as going through the city in its most varied configurations. In his poems, the city of Brasilia may be configured as a place of life or sterility, lack, return or escape, in a time and space that constitute city and subject. An impermanency. Based on the ideas of Foucault about the heterotopies, the aim of this study is to trace some relations between city and subject through the poetic operation done by Nicolas Behr in his text, in the images created or absent in Brasília – articulation among language, city and subject in the poem. Keywords: poetry; subject; Brasília

  20. [The anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp: The beginning of a medical utopia].

    Rosler, Roberto; Young, Pablo


    The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp was painted by Rembrandt Harmen-szoon van Rijn at the early age of 26 years. In the XVII century these paintings were very popular in the Netherlands, and in this country the cities flourished as cultural centers searching the anatomy knowledge. Nicolaes Tulp was one of the persons in the center of Amsterdam's scene during XVII century. In 1632 Tulp was 39 years old, and he was an anatomist and a surgeon. Rembrandt masterly shows an autopsy performed by Dr. Tulp. This picture is the description of the beginning of a medical intellectual utopia: the absolute visibility of the disease. Unfortunately this utopia is blind to the complete visibility of the psycho-socio-cultural dimensions of the ill.

  1. The use of AMS radiocarbon dating for Xia-Shang-Zhou chronology

    Guo, Z Y; LiuKeXin; Lu Xiang Yang; Ma Hong Ji; Wu Xiao Hon; Yuan Si Xun


    The possibility and problems of using radiocarbon dating to historical chronology are discussed. The current situation of ancient Chinese chronology and the project of Xia-Shang-Zhou chronology are introduced. A chronological study requires the AMS radiocarbon dating with high precision, high reliability and high efficiency. The Peking University AMS facility (PKUAMS) has been upgraded and a series of quality control steps were adopted. To reduce the error of calendar age, wiggle matching with serial samples should be used. Some preliminary results of Xia-Shang-Zhou chronology are presented.

  2. Analysis and structural characterization of pigments and materials used in Nicolae Grigorescu heritage paintings.

    Rusu, R D; Simionescu, B; Oancea, A V; Geba, M; Stratulat, L; Salajan, D; Ursu, L E; Popescu, M C; Dobromir, M; Murariu, M; Cotofana, C; Olaru, M


    The combination of various mobile, non-invasive techniques (IR reflectography technique, optical microscopy, XRF, Raman and NIR spectroscopies) and lab-based devices (FTIR and XPS spectroscopies, SEM-EDX microscopy) lead to the first exhaustive investigation of pigments and materials used by the famous Romanian painter Nicolae Grigorescu in three cultural heritage paintings. The study of a large number of spots and samples allowed a rigorous analysis and a far-reaching insight into his work.

  3. Analysis and structural characterization of pigments and materials used in Nicolae Grigorescu heritage paintings

    Rusu, R. D.; Simionescu, B.; Oancea, A. V.; Geba, M.; Stratulat, L.; Salajan, D.; Ursu, L. E.; Popescu, M. C.; Dobromir, M.; Murariu, M.; Cotofana, C.; Olaru, M.


    The combination of various mobile, non-invasive techniques (IR reflectography technique, optical microscopy, XRF, Raman and NIR spectroscopies) and lab-based devices (FTIR and XPS spectroscopies, SEM-EDX microscopy) lead to the first exhaustive investigation of pigments and materials used by the famous Romanian painter Nicolae Grigorescu in three cultural heritage paintings. The study of a large number of spots and samples allowed a rigorous analysis and a far-reaching insight into his work.

  4. Photo Exhibition of “Zhou Enlai and the Bandung Conference” Held in Indonesia

    Xu; Yan


    Sixty years ago,world attention focused on the Indonesian city of Bandung where leaders of the emerging"Third World"were meeting to establish their voice in global affairs.A major figure at the Bandung Conference was undoubtedly the late Chinese Premier Zhou Enlai,whose achievements then were commemorated this April by China

  5. Zhou Jiansheng's World Heritage Photo Exhibition Held in Beijing



    To commemorate the 25th anniversary of the Treaty of Peace and Friendship Between China and Japan, to give publicity to preservation of World Cultural and Natural Heritages, and to enhance cultural exchanges between China and Japan, the CPAFFC held “Zhou Jiansheng's World Heritage Photo Exhibition” at the Friendship Hall in the CPAFFC compound from November 18 to 22, 2003.

  6. Redescription of Cobitis longipectoralis Zhou, 1992 (Cypriniformes: Cobitidae) from late early Miocene of East China

    CHANG; Mee-Mann


    Here we revise a fossil cobitid species ■Cobitis longipectoralis Zhou, 1992, based mainly on a well-preserved specimen collected recently from the taxon’s type locality of the late early Miocene of Shanwang, Shandong Province, East China. The new specimen, along with those collected by Zhou, enables us to provide an emended diagnosis and more detailed description of the species by focusing on the characters such as the structures of the suborbital spine and the presence and shape of the lamina circularis at the base of the second pectoral fin ray in adult males, the presence of a frontoparietal fontanelle, and a quad- rate-metapterygoid fenestra, etc. The long pectoral fin, initially considered by Zhou as the most important character of the spe- cies, however, turns out to be not diagnostic for the species. ■Cobitis longipectoralis Zhou, 1992 is not only the most informative and best-preserved early cobitid fossil known thus far but also the only and earliest cobitid fossil from East Asia.

  7. Our Lady of the Rosary in the Marian Sanctuary: Brotherhoods and Black Devotions in Salvador and the Recôncavo Baiano (Eighteenth Century

    Tânia Maria PINTO DE SANTANA


    Full Text Available Organized by Frei Agostinho de Santa Maria and published in 1722, the Marian Sanctuary and History of the Miracles image of Our Lady consist the registrations of marian invocations worshiped in Portuguese territory, made by clergymen from differents parishes in the xviii century. The ninth volume deal witch the invocations found in Bahia. In this article we mean to use this text as a study sourse for the history religious belief, as well as in the study of the Catholic religiosity history among the black people in the reconcavo baiano. The reconcavo baiano was one of the most important region of the sugar cane production in the American Portuguesa in that period where concentrated an expressive population of black people that was used in the slave labor in that production. Our analysis which has as a main objective of study Our Lady of Rosario worship in the brotherhoods and the black people’s devotions in that region. Seeking to understand at first the motivation for such worship, experienced in the context of the slavery. Subsequently we will concentrate our analysis in the aspects linked to its growth and development, such as celebrations for their Patroness, and the use of images in moments of celebrations. From here it’s necessary to comprehend how the place of the black, as a slave or a free man, marked the relations established and the differents moments of celebrations.

  8. Nicolas Guichon, Langues et TICE. Méthodologie de conception multimédia

    Dan Frost


    Nicolas Guichon est enseignant-chercheur en anglais et en didactique des langues au centre de langues de l’université Lumière (Lyon 2). Il est concepteur du logiciel Virtual Cabinet, responsable de l’enseignement TICE du master « Didactique des langues et TICE » et membre de l’équipe Plurilinguisme et multimédia (ENS de Lyon). Cet ouvrage est le fruit de son expérience dans le domaine des recherches, du développement et de l’enseignement dans l’univers des TICE et de l’apprentissage des langu...

  9. Nicola Turi, Declinazioni del canone americano in Italia tra gli anni Quaranta e Sessanta

    Antonio Bibbò


    Full Text Available Il bel saggio di Nicola Turi si presenta, fin dal titolo, come una ricognizione non sistematica della presenza della letteratura americana in Italia a partire dagli anni del secondo dopoguerra fino ai Sessanta di Bianciardi, Tadini e D’Arrigo, tra gli altri. La presenza, in chiusura, di questi autori ‘antimeridiani’ svela già una delle caratteristiche principali dello studio di Turi, che è quella di rinvenire tracce americane ai lati, per così dire, del canone italiano, o in autori, come Fenoglio e Moravia, più spesso associati ad altre aree geografiche o perfino linguistiche.

  10. Nicolas BOURRIAUD, Esthétique relationnelle (2001) et Postproduction (2003)

    Montiglio, Yveline


    Critique d’art et codirecteur du Palais de Tokyo à Paris, Nicolas Bourriaud a à son actif de nombreuses expositions en tant que curateur. Il est également le fondateur de la revue Documents sur l’art, dont il a été le directeur de 1992 à 2000. Il nous propose deux livres qui ont fait l’objet de traductions en plusieurs langues. Postproduction est la version française de Postproduction, paru en anglais en 2001 aux Éditions Lukas & Sternberg. Si Esthétique relationnelle et Postproduction sont p...

  11. A presença de Nicolas Bourbaki na Universidade de São Paulo


    Este trabalho teve como objetivo retratar o grupo francês Nicolas Bourbaki, e o Departamento de Matemática da Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciências e Letras da Universidade de São Paulo, bem como investigar a que se deve a presença, por períodos intermitentes, entre os anos de 1945 e 1966, de alguns dos mais importantes membros do grupo Bourbaki, neste Departamento e de que modos a perspectiva estruturalista bourbakista da matemática, teria sido, por um lado transmitida por eles ...

  12. Nicolas BOURRIAUD, Esthétique relationnelle (2001) et Postproduction (2003)


    Critique d’art et codirecteur du Palais de Tokyo à Paris, Nicolas Bourriaud a à son actif de nombreuses expositions en tant que curateur. Il est également le fondateur de la revue Documents sur l’art, dont il a été le directeur de 1992 à 2000. Il nous propose deux livres qui ont fait l’objet de traductions en plusieurs langues. Postproduction est la version française de Postproduction, paru en anglais en 2001 aux Éditions Lukas & Sternberg. Si Esthétique relationnelle et Postproduction sont p...

  13. The anatomy lesson of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp by Rembrandt : A comparison of the painting with a dissected left forearm of a Dutch male cadaver

    Ijpma, Frank F. A.; van de Graaf, Robert C.; Nicolai, Jean-Philippe A.; Meek, Marcel F.


    Rembrandt's The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp (1632) is considered a masterpiece and is a group portrait of the Amsterdam Guild of Surgeons in the form of an anatomy lesson. Dr. Nicolaes Tulp, Doctor of Medicine and Praelector Anatomiae to the Amsterdam Guild of Surgeons, showed an anatomic

  14. Materials and technology of Chinese jades dating to the Western Zhou period (1050-771 BCE)

    Janet G DOUGLAS; YANG JunChang


    Excavated jades dating to the Western Zhou period (1050-771 BCE) from the Xi'an area in Shaanxi Province, China, and contemporaneous jades in the collections of the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery at the Smithsonian Institution have been studied to learn about the jade and stone materials and how they were worked during the Western Zhou period. Materials identification was carried out using a combination of techniques such as Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction. Tool marks were studied using stereomicroscopy and examination of mold impressions using scanning electron microscopy. All of these objects were produced through simple processes involving solid drilling, riffling, and sharp point abrasion; and no evidence was found for the use of rotary tools for incising or sawing.

  15. Zhou Jiansheng’s World Heritage Photo Exhibition Held in Beijing


    <正>To commemorate the 25th anniversary of the Treaty of Peace and Friendship BetweenChina and Japan, to give publicity to preservation of World Cultural and Natural Heritages, and to enhance cultural exchanges between China and Japan, the CPAFFC held "Zhou Jiansheng’s World Heritage Photo Exhibition" at the Friendship Hall in the CPAFFC compound from November 18 to 22, 2003.

  16. Academician Zhou Zhonghe entered the Jinzhou Medical University:a fresh outlook,full of wit and humor lecture


    On June 6th,2016,Academy of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology Research Institute of Chinese academician Zhou Zhonghe entered into the Jinzhou Medical University,his lecture topic is"The theory of evolution and the fossil discussion".Teachers and students gathered together listening to the science lectures.Academician Zhou Zhonghe through the study of fossils,revealed the living things evolution mystery,discussed of the immortal contribution of Darwin.

  17. Ikka teel / Marian Kivila

    Kivila, Marian


    Rahvusvahelise tegevuskunstifestivali "Diverse Universe 2009" üritustest Tallinna Kultuurikatlas, Tartu pärmitehases ja galeriis Ferrodrum ning Paides, kus toimus kunstifestval "Aeg. Ruum. Liikumine"

  18. Ikka teel / Marian Kivila

    Kivila, Marian


    Rahvusvahelise tegevuskunstifestivali "Diverse Universe 2009" üritustest Tallinna Kultuurikatlas, Tartu pärmitehases ja galeriis Ferrodrum ning Paides, kus toimus kunstifestval "Aeg. Ruum. Liikumine"

  19. Comment Nicolas Sarkozy a rétréci l’électorat Le Pen


    D’une élection présidentielle à l’autre Jean-Marie Le Pen recule de 6 points et perd un million d’électeurs. Le Panel Electoral Français (2007) montre que cet électorat se distingue toujours par son tropisme droitier, son attitude ethnocentrique autoritaire. Mais plus du quart des électeurs de Le Pen en 2002 lui ont préféré Nicolas Sarkozy en 2007, parce qu’il leur semblait avoir l’étoffe d’un président et plus de chances d’être élu. Le FN perd plus chez les indépendants et chez les employés ...

  20. Nicolas Siret : l’écho des musiques versaillaises à Troyes

    Porot, Bertrand


    Nicolas Siret, organiste, claveciniste et compositeur troyen, ne laisse pas d’intriguer : sa carrière, qui se déroule dans la ville de Troyes, ne l’empêche pas de fréquenter la capitale, et notamment d’entretenir une amitié avec François Couperin, organiste du roi à Versailles et célèbre compositeur de pièces de clavecin. Siret a également pu entrer en contact avec les spectacles de la capitale, notamment avec l’opéra et ses pièces pour orchestre (ouverture, danses). Ces dernières ont sûremen...

  1. Peter Paul Rubens, Nicolas-Claude Fabri de Peiresc and Joan of Arc

    Borusowski Piotr


    Full Text Available In 2011 a discovery was made at the Department of Prints and Drawings of the National Museum in Warsaw - a drawing hitherto described as a Kneeling knight by an anonymous seventeenth-century artist, turned out to be Joan of Arc, a sketch well-known to art historians studying the oeuvre of Peter Paul Rubens, although thought to be lost during the Second World War. The drawing, until now known only through the black and white photograph, could be thoroughly analysed for the first time. In the context of information thus obtained, the historical context of creating the sketch transpired as an equally important matter, including the hypothetical role that may have been played in its creation by Nicolas-Claude Fabri de Peiresc.

  2. Nicolas Chevillard (XVIIe siècle : tableaux en Bourgogne et en Normandie

    Renaud Benoit-Cattin


    Full Text Available La vie et l'œuvre de Nicolas Chevillard, peintre de Mâcon (Saône-et-Loire sont fort mal documentées. Ce que l'on en sait tient en peu de lignes : il est taxé de 40 livres à Mâcon en 1660 et reçoit 33 livres de la ville "pour avoir fait, en grand volume, le portrait de Son Altesse Sérénissime Mons. Le Prince, gouverneur de Bourgogne, qui est joinct à ceux de ses prédécesseurs audit gouvernement, en la salle de l'hostel commun de la ville de Macon". On ignore ce qu'il est advenu de ce tableau,...

  3. Early Wood-block Printing of Zhou Wenwei Families and their Relationships%周文炜家族的早期刻书及其关系



    Zhou Tinghuai and Zhou Qianshan refers to the same person, that is, the father of Zhou Wenwei, who printed three kinds of books. He had three sons-Zhou Wenwei was the eldest;His younger brother Zhou Wenhuan with the style name as Yuyang and alias Ruquan, once hosted Wanjuanlou Printing House after Zhou Yuexiao, and published six kinds of books. Zhou Wenqing may probably be the third son of Zhou Tinghuai, and there are two books printed under his name. Meanwhile, there was another wood-block printing house with Zhou Shitai as the printing master.%周庭槐与周前山为同一人,即周文炜之父,现存刻书3种。周庭槐有三子,文炜居长,弟有二。周文焕字玉卬,号如泉,在周曰校之后主持万卷楼书坊,现存署周文焕或周如泉刻印的书籍共6部。周文卿可能为周庭槐又一子,现存署其名刻印的书籍2种。另有同时期与周文炜同姓的书坊主周时泰,现知共刻有书籍12种。

  4. Status of the Island Night Lizard and Two Non-Native Lizards on Outlying Landing Field San Nicolas Island, California

    Fellers, Gary M.; Drost, Charles A.; Murphey, Thomas G.


    More than 900 individually marked island night lizards (Xantusia riversiana) were captured on San Nicolas Island, California, between 1984 and 2007 as part of an ongoing study to monitor the status of this threatened species. Our data suggest that at least a few lizards are probably more than 20 years old, and one lizard would be 31.5 years old if it grew at an average rate for the population. Ages of 20 and 30 years seem reasonable given the remarkably slow growth during capture intervals of more than a decade for five of the lizards which we estimated to be 20 or more years old. Like other lizards, island night lizard growth rates vary by size, with larger lizards growing more slowly. In general, growth rates were somewhat greater on San Nicolas Island (compared with Santa Barbara Island), and this increase was sustained through all of the intermediate size classes. The higher growth rate may account for the somewhat larger lizards present on San Nicolas Island, although we cannot discount the possibility that night lizards on San Nicolas are merely living longer. The high percentage of small lizards in the Eucalyptus habitat might seem to reflect a healthy population in that habitat, but the high proportion of small lizards appears to be caused by good reproduction in the 1900s and substantially poorer reproduction in subsequent years. The Eucalyptus habitat has dried quite a bit in recent years. Night lizards in the Haplopappus/Grassland habitat have shown an increase in the proportion of larger lizards since 2000. There has also been an increase in the proportion of large lizards in the Rock Cobble habitat at Redeye Beach. However, there are has been some change in habitat with more elephant seals occupying the same area just above the high tide as do the night lizards. Southern alligator lizards and side-blotched lizards are both non-native on San Nicolas Island. Neither lizard causes obvious harm to island night lizards, and management time and effort should

  5. Ajaloolased ja teised. Ajaloolaste rollist Prantsusmaa avalikes aruteludes / Gérard Noiriel, Nicolas Offenstadt ; prantsuse keelest tõlkinud Indrek Koff

    Noiriel, Gérard


    Ajaloo avalikust kasutamisest. Artikli aluseks on Nicolas Offenstadti ettekanne TLÜ Eesti Humanitaarinstituudi ja Prantsuse Kultuurikeskuse korraldatud rahvusvahelisel konverentsil "Ajalugu ja poliitika. Mineviku kasutamisest ja ärakasutamisest" 14. oktoobril 2006 Tallinnas.

  6. Ajaloolased ja teised. Ajaloolaste rollist Prantsusmaa avalikes aruteludes / Gérard Noiriel, Nicolas Offenstadt ; prantsuse keelest tõlkinud Indrek Koff

    Noiriel, Gérard


    Ajaloo avalikust kasutamisest. Artikli aluseks on Nicolas Offenstadti ettekanne TLÜ Eesti Humanitaarinstituudi ja Prantsuse Kultuurikeskuse korraldatud rahvusvahelisel konverentsil "Ajalugu ja poliitika. Mineviku kasutamisest ja ärakasutamisest" 14. oktoobril 2006 Tallinnas.

  7. Searching for remains of a observation platform (pavimentum) of Nicolas Copernicus's astronomical instruments

    Lamparski, Piotr


    St. Stanislas's canonry in Frombork (northern Poland) was the last place of residence of the famous astronomer Nicolas Copernicus (1473-1543). It is very probable that he conducted his astronomical observations from the garden using so-called pavimentum to arrange his instruments. Copernicus's pavimentum was a 2 by 1.5m pedestal, probably a floor based on a brick foundation with a rail. Ground penetrating radar examinations were carried out in the canonry's garden in January 2009 to obtain 3-D model of the 2 meter thick upper part of sediments and resulted in recognition of stratigraphy of the site and allowed to find some anomalies which are suspected to be a human origin. The analysis of historical sources enabled the researchers to limit the study area to a plot of land at the back of the St. Stanislaw's canonry building. As a result, the GPR probing was undertaken on the rectangular plot of ground of 43 m by 95 m, located to the south west of the canonry building. The searched object was a kind of a pavement, possibly made of bricks or stone and bricks, and the size from 1.5 m by 2 m, to 4 m by 4 m, or even 7 m by 3 m. During the field research the impulse GPR SIR SYSTEM-2000 GSSI™ was used. For the profiling a monostatic 400MHz central frequency antenna was used. The selected value of the dielectric constant was 15, which represents the velocity of 7.7 cm/ns of the electromagnetic wave propagation in the deposit. In practice this means that in the study area the vertical scale of the returning electromagnetic wave includes about 2.3 m (60 ns) of the deposit of diverse graining with a large content of humus and debris. The horizontal scale was measured in the real time with the use of the GSSI survey wheel. The construction of the three-dimensional block of the deposit was based on 95 vertical cross-sections at one-meter spaces and the SE-NW course. As a result, the 3-D model showed the horizontal extends of the geophysical anomalies. The GPR studies have

  8. Discursive Elements in the (de)Banalisation of Nationalism. A Study of Speeches by Gordon Brown and Nicolas Sarkozy.

    Sayegh, Pascal-Yan


    International audience; The paper offers a study of the contributions of Nicolas Sarkozy and Gordon Brown to a dominant culturalist discourse on identity in Europe. In recent years, issues about immigration and integration have been central across the European community, concurrent with a general feeling of cultural insecurity. In this paper, I argue that mainstream political discourse has shifted from common sense nationalism into an even more ambiguous discourse by also taking over aspects ...

  9. [Pierre-François Nicolas (1743-1816), apothecary, physician, chemistry teacher on the eve of the French Revolution].

    Labrude, Pierre


    Pierre-François Nicolas, was born in Saint-Mihiel in 1743, studied in this town and in St-Nicolas-de-Port near Nancy. At first he has been a military apothecary during the "Guerre de Sept-Ans". Then he studied pharmacy in Nancy and was received in 1768 at the "Maîtrise de pharmacie". With the physician Henri Michel du Tennatar, he created a teaching of chemistry for medicine students and became the professor of chemistry of the Faculty of Medicine in 1781. During these years, he published some research results about hydrology, distillery, biochemistry (phosphorus in bone), toxicology, dyeing... At the end of 1783, he succeeded in the realization of a balloon and he played an important part in Nancy during the French Revolution. Professor at the "Ecole de médecine" in Strasbourg for some weeks, then in Nancy at the "Ecole centrale" and at the "Société de santé", he left Nancy towards the mid-1798. Staying in Paris for two or three years he probably worked with Fourcroy and perhaps Chaptal and Berthollet. In the early years of the nineteenth century he was appointed professor in the "Ecole centrale" du Calvados" and some years after at the "Faculté des sciences" in Caen. His latest significant work with Gueudeville was devoted to the detection of sugar in the urine of diabetic patients. Retired in 1811 Pierre-François Nicolas died in Caen in 1816.

  10. 论周国桢的艺术%Review of Zhou Guozhen’Art



    In the world history of the development of modern ceramics, there are only a few ceramic artists who has created their works with animals as the main subject, and by far fewer who have been devoted their whole life to the same creation, but Zhou Guozhen stands out among them. The series of ceramic works of animals created by Mr. Zhou are highly original and unique in the history of Chinese ceramics, and they also have a great influence in the world history of ceramics. His works embody Chinese art spirit, philosophical thought and humanism. 60 years’ hard work and achievements of Zhou Guozhen have made great contribution to the establishment of our own national language and aesthetic values, the path for creation and the prospect of development of Chinese modern ceramics.%今年是周国桢先生80华诞暨从艺60周年。60年来,周国桢先生勤勉不息、耕耘不辍、创新不止,在艺术创作、艺术教育、艺术理论研究诸多领域硕果累累、成就非凡。在世界现代陶艺发展史上,主要以动物为题材进行创作的陶艺家甚少,能坚持一辈子者更是寥若晨星,而周国桢先生则是其中的佼佼者。60年来,周国桢先生创作的系列动物题材陶艺,不仅在中国陶艺史上独树一帜,而且在世界陶艺史上也可谓影响巨大。周国桢先生的陶艺之路,堪称中国现代陶艺发展历史之缩影。

  11. How to Disguise Fairy Tales in 21st Century Ireland A Feminist Analysis of Marian Keyes’ and Cathy Kelly’s Blockbusters

    Maria Amor Barros del Río


    Full Text Available Ireland has suffered many extraordinary changes during the last decades that have made the Emerald Isle a geographical point upon which all eyes are fixed. Despite this metamorphosis, the question is if its population and cultural heritage have been able to cope with the times. Known as a traditionally catholic and conservative country, many social aspects remain unchangeable and those that have evolved may still keep an inner glimpse of the old times that is not always easily recognizable. Undoubtedly, women and all subjects related to them have experienced a revolution. However, data show that true equality is still far from being reached. In this context, literature must be taken as a powerful cultural force that helps create stereotypes and a popular conscience. Thus, this article analyses the success of what has been called “women’s literature”, especially Marian Keyes’ and Cathy Kelly’s bestselling books. It also tries to examine to what extent the traditional ideologies of womanhood are present and by which means their female protagonists attach to the old stereotypes under a mask of modernity and economic boom. Finally, their effects on the female Irish population will also be studied in order to demonstrate that globalization and modern capitalism prove to be unable to change the old myths that lie beneath and keep women in a relegated position.

  12. Diet patterns of island foxes on San Nicolas Island relative to feral cat removal

    Cypher, Brian L.; Kelly, Erica C.; Ferrara, Francesca J.; Drost, Charles A.; Westall, Tory L.; Hudgens, Brian


    Island foxes (Urocyon littoralis) are a species of conservation concern that occur on six of the Channel Islands off the coast of southern California. We analysed island fox diet on San Nicolas Island during 2006–12 to assess the influence of the removal of feral cats (Felis catus) on the food use by foxes. Our objective was to determine whether fox diet patterns shifted in response to the cat removal conducted during 2009–10, thus indicating that cats were competing with foxes for food items. We also examined the influence of annual precipitation patterns and fox abundance on fox diet. On the basis of an analysis of 1975 fox scats, use of vertebrate prey – deer mice (Peromyscus maniculatus), birds, and lizards – increased significantly during and after the complete removal of cats (n = 66) from the island. Deer mouse abundance increased markedly during and after cat removal and use of mice by foxes was significantly related to mouse abundance. The increase in mice and shift in item use by the foxes was consistent with a reduction in exploitative competition associated with the cat removal. However, fox abundance declined markedly coincident with the removal of cats and deer mouse abundance was negatively related to fox numbers. Also, annual precipitation increased markedly during and after cat removal and deer mouse abundance closely tracked precipitation. Thus, our results indicate that other confounding factors, particularly precipitation, may have had a greater influence on fox diet patterns.

  13. The biological soil crusts of the San Nicolas Island: Enigmatic algae from a geographically isolated ecosystem

    Flechtner, V.R.; Johansen, J.R.; Belnap, J.


    Composite soil samples from 7 sites on San Nicolas Island were evaluated quantitatively and qualitatively for the presence of cyanobacteria and eukaryotic microalgae. Combined data demonstrated a rich algal flora with 19 cyanobacterial and 19 eukaryotic microalgal genera being identified, for a total of 56 species. Nine new species were identified and described among the cyanobacteria and the eukaryotic microalgae that were isolated: Leibleinia edaphica, Aphanothece maritima, Chroococcidiopsis edaphica, Cyanosarcina atroveneta, Hassallia californica, Hassallia pseudoramosissima, Microchaete terrestre, Palmellopsis californiens, and Pseudotetracystis compactis. Distinct distributional patterns of algal taxa existed among sites on the island and among soil algal floras of western North America. Some algal taxa appeared to be widely distributed across many desert regions, including Microcoleus vaginatus, Nostoc punctiforme, Nostoc paludosum, and Tolypothrix distorta, Chlorella vulgaris, Diplosphaera cf. chodatii, Myrmecia astigmatica, Myrmecia biatorellae, Hantzschia amphioxys, and Luticola mutica. Some taxa share a distinctly southern distribution with soil algae from southern Arizona, southern California, and Baja California (e.g., Scenedesmus deserticola and Eustigmatos magnus). The data presented herein support the view that the cyanobacterial and microalgal floras of soil crusts possess significant biodiversity, much of it previously undescribed.

  14. A theorem of do Carmo-Zhou type: oscillations and estimates for the first eigenvalue of the p-Laplacian

    Lima, Barnabe Pessoa


    It is shown that the estimates obtained by Manfredo P. do Carmo and Detang Zhou, in their paper "Eigenvalue estimate on complete noncompact Riemannian manifolds and applications", for the first eigenvalue of the Laplace-Beltrami operator on open manifolds, via an oscillation theorem, can be naturally extended for the semi-elliptic singular operator operator, p-Laplace on manifolds.

  15. La teoria della letteratura di Nicolas Calas. Surrealismo, marxismo e psicanalisi in Foyers d’incendie

    A. D'Urso


    Full Text Available ENThis contribution – probably the first specifically concerning Nicolas Calas to be published in Italian – intends to examine some particular topics of Foyers d’incendie [Hearths of Arson] (1938, a work that hardly can be found, by now. So this study will try to partially fill the absence at an international level of a detailed analysis of this book which is usually considered to be ‘difficult’ and therefore often hastily put under the label of ‘Freudo-Marxism’. Not only does this label appear confusing when we look more care-fully at the historical context of the Thirties, but it also does not allow to understand in what both Marxism and Freudism are criticized indeed, this aspect defining more clearly the surrealist character – eluded or taken for granted by critics – of Foyers d’incendie. In the first half of this paper, we will underline the role of Surrealism in Calas’ critical evolution in relation to orthodox Communism, whose language he still used before becoming indubitably a Surrealist. Then we will show the enthusiastic reception of Foyers d’incendie among the Surrealists and also the reasons of their appreciation. In the second half, we will go deep inside some pages of this book which concern more spe-cifically the theory of literature and the critique of ideology we can draw from Foyers d’incendie. This is why – for the first time – we will summarize Calas’ understanding of the literary and philosophical history, and show the role that Dialectical Materialism (chiefly that of Engels’ Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State and psychoanalysis (as it is considered by Surrealism play in his analysis.>>Questo contributo – apparentemente il primo studio specificamente dedicato a Nicolas Calas ad essere pubblicato in italiano – intende affrontare alcuni particolari contenuti dell’ormai quasi introvabile Foyers d’incendie (1938, tentando così di colmare, almeno parzialmente, l

  16. The Pilgrimage to The San Nicola Shrine in Bari and its Impact

    Katia Rizzello


    Full Text Available Pilgrimage is defined as a journey to the Holy but more specifically as an inner journey to one’s deepest religious feelings. This type of journey has assumed new forms and types that bring it closer to modern tourism in general, though it maintains its distinctive characteristics, which will be the object of this paper. These changes in the nature of pilgrimage, which in part reflect the parallel socio-cultural transformation of the average visitor, have brought about a major reorganisation of the places involved and have had a significant socio-economic impact on the territories involved. The concentration of visitors and in some cases the presence of various categories of visit have led to structural changes in holy places and their surroundings. These changes, which arise from the need to meet the requirements of travellers as consumers, in turn have social and environmental impacts on the surrounding area that are similar to those caused by mass tourism. The most evident types of impact are structural, resulting from the creation or expansion of hotel and catering infrastructure and the start-up of new businesses such as travel agencies, specialised tour operators, shops selling religious souvenirs and establishments providing entertainment. All this alters the physiognomy and the layout of the towns where the religious sites are located, in some cases completely transforming the economy of the location and the use of land. The aim of this research is to study pilgrimage flows associated with the cult of Saint Nicholas (San Nicola in Bari, specifically concerning the pilgrimage's main characteristics and the most significant impacts on the district. The study follows a mixed approach that includes participant observation, use of archival documents and empirical evaluation of the material landscape and observed practices.

  17. NRL tethered balloon measurements at San Nicolas Island during FIRE IFO 1987

    Gerber, Hermann; Gathman, Stuart; James, Jeffrey; Smith, Mike; Consterdine, Ian; Brandeki, Scott


    An overview is given of the tethered balloon measurements made during the First ISCCP Regional Experiment (FIRE) marine stratocumulus intensive field observations (IFO) at San Nicolas Island in 1987. The instrument utilized on the balloon flights, the 17 flights over a 10 day period, the state of the data analysis, and some preliminary results are described. A goal of the measurements with the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) balloon was to give a unique and greatly improved look at the microphysics of the clear and cloud-topped boundary layer. For this goal, collocated measurements were made of turbulence, aerosol, cloud particles, and meteorology. Two new instruments which were expected to make significant contributions to this effort were the saturation hygrometer, capable of measuring 95 percent less than RH 105 percent (with an accuracy of 0.05 percent near 100 percent) and used for the first time in clouds; and the forward scatter meter which gives in situ LWC measurements at more than 10 Hz. The data set, while unfortunately only partially simultaneous with the bulk of the FIRE stratocumulus observations, is unique and worthwhile in its own right. For the first time accurate RH measurements near 100 percent have been made in-cloud; although, the use of the saturation hygrometer reflected a learning experience which will result is substantially better performance the next time. These measurements were made in conjunction with other microphysical measurements such as aerosol and cloud droplet spectra, and perhaps most important of all, they were all collocated with bivane turbulence measurements thus permitting flux calculations. Thus the analysis of this data set, which consisted of about 50 percent stratocumulus cases including increasing and decreasing partial cloud cover, should lead to new insights on the physical mechanisms which drive the boundary-layer/cloud/turbulence system.

  18. Cloud and boundary layer structure over San Nicolas Island during FIRE

    Albrecht, Bruce A.; Fairall, Christopher W.; Syrett, William J.; Schubert, Wayne H.; Snider, Jack B.


    The temporal evolution of the structure of the marine boundary layer and of the associated low-level clouds observed in the vicinity of the San Nicolas Island (SNI) is defined from data collected during the First ISCCP Regional Experiment (FIRE) Marine Stratocumulus Intense Field Observations (IFO) (July 1 to 19). Surface, radiosonde, and remote-sensing measurements are used for this analysis. Sounding from the Island and from the ship Point Sur, which was located approximately 100 km northwest of SNI, are used to define variations in the thermodynamic structure of the lower-troposphere on time scales of 12 hours and longer. Time-height sections of potential temperature and equivalent potential temperature clearly define large-scale variations in the height and the strength of the inversion and periods where the conditions for cloud-top entrainment instability (CTEI) are met. Well defined variations in the height and the strength of the inversion were associated with a Cataline Eddy that was present at various times during the experiment and with the passage of the remnants of a tropical cyclone on July 18. The large-scale variations in the mean thermodynamic structure at SNI correlate well with those observed from the Point Sur. Cloud characteristics are defined for 19 days of the experiment using data from a microwave radiometer, a cloud ceilometer, a sodar, and longwave and shortwave radiometers. The depth of the cloud layer is estimated by defining inversion heights from the sodar reflectivity and cloud-base heights from a laser ceilometer. The integrated liquid water obtained from NOAA's microwave radiometer is compared with the adiabatic liquid water content that is calculated by lifting a parcel adiabatically from cloud base. In addition, the cloud structure is characterized by the variability in cloud-base height and in the integrated liquid water.

  19. Tonbs and a Ruined Bronze Foudry of the Western Zhou Period Discovered on the Zhouyuan Site in Shaanxi%陕西周原遗址发现西周墓葬与铸铜遗址



    In the spring of 2003, the Zhouyuan Archaeological Team excavated a batch of Western Zhou tombs and a late Western Zhou bronze foundery on the Zhouyuan site, to the west of Zhuangli Village. Of them Tomb M9 is the best in condition and the richest in bronzes among the early Western Zhou burials discovered so far on the Zhouyuan site. Its complete sets of funeral objects provide a standard for studying into the formation of Western Zhou ritual and the dating of early Western Zhou bronzes. The ruined bronze foundry yielded quantities of pottery molds and models, fragments of furnace walls, and lumps of bronze, slag and burnt clay. The pottery molds and models are mainly for making horse-and-chariot fittings. The finds are valuable to the study of the Western Zhou burial institution, Zhou bronze-casting technology, and the layout of the Zhouyuan settlement.

  20. Istoria jurnalismului din România în date, Enciclopedie cronologică, Marian Petcu (coord., Bucureşti, editura Polirom, 2012, 1414 p.

    Speranţa Sofia MILANCOVICI


    Full Text Available În perioada 28-30 martie 2008 era în derulare, la Castelul Macea din proximitatea Aradului, Primul Congres Naţional de Istoria Presei din România.Evenimentul Ştiinţific, organizat prin colaborarea între ARIP (Asociaţia Română de Istoria Presei şi Universitatea de Vest „Vasile Goldiş” din Arad, Facultatea de Ştiinţe Umaniste, Politice şi Administrative, a reunit zeci de specialişti în istoria presei, jurnalişti, biblioteconomişti şi editori din întreaga ţară, dar şi din Republica Moldova.În acest context, aşa cum însuşi coordonatorul volumului, Marian Petcu, notează în cuvântul înainte, s-a stabilit metodologia de colectare / redactare a informaţiilor în vederea realizării primei enciclopedii cronologice a presei din România.După peste 4 ani de muncă a colectivului de contributori, editura Polirom oferă, în anul 2012, cu sprijinul financiar al Administraţiei Fondului Cultural Naţional, specialiştilor în domeniu şi, mai larg, oamenilor de cultură din ţară şi străinătate, bucuria unei experienţe ştiinţifice în premieră: Istoria jurnalismului din România în date. Enciclopedie cronologică.

  1. Aspects of 17th century Binding Medium: inclusions in Rembrandt’s Anatomy Lesson of Dr Nicolaes Tulp

    Noble, Petria; Wadum, Jørgen; Groen, Karin


    During the recent restoration of Rembrandt's Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp minuscule crater-like holes, which cover the surface of the painting, were studied. Whitish material within the holes was identified as lead chloride hydroxide and a variety of lead soaps. These inclusions, which in ...... in many cases protrude through the paint, are thought to have formed as a result of the agglomeration of lead compound and saponification of the linseed oil within the ground layer. Possible scenarios for the origin of the chloride are discussed....

  2. Sola Pulcherrima Super Solem - “More Beautiful than the Sun and Month” (Marian Prayer from Gertrude’s and Nawojka’s Prayer-Books

    Karolina Targosz


    Full Text Available A new critical edition of a collection of nearly one hundred Latin prayers connected with Gertrude of Poland (ca 1025-1108, Polish princess, wife of Izaslav of Kiev, has revived an interest in this exceptional example of literature and religiousness o f the eleventh century. The multiplicity of issues connected with the prayer book requires further consideration. An example might be the iconographic concord of prayers both with the accompanying miniatures and the works of art, which Gertrude encountered in the west as well as in the east -from Rhineland, where she was educated to Ruthenia, where she stayed longest. The paper examines the issue in relation to the Marian subject matter. A problem that has not as yet been touched upon is the history o f the prayers in the centuries that followed, as a singular example from the 15th century regarding one such prayer reveals. The prayers are mostly theocentric and Christocentric in character, but in many of them the intercessive role of St. Mary is evoked. In Ruthenia Gertrude was exposed to representations of the Deesis type, characteristic of eastern Christianity. From the prince’s box in St. Sophia’s Cathedral in Kiev she saw them in a form of three tondi, situated on the arch encasing the central apse, while in the apse itself was a monumental depiction of St. Mary-Oranta, eternal and omnipotent advocate in heaven, referred to in prayers as “oratrix celorum”. Of the four prayers directed exclusively to Mary two are laudatory and supplicatory and the other two just laudatory. The latter are characterized by a sophisticated literary form, division into phrases, employment of internal and external rhymes and a number of rhetorical figures (alliteration, oxymorons. A solar epithet appears here among others (“sola pulcherrima super solem”. A lot of Marian epithets, such as the Mother of God, Our Lady and the Queen of the whole world (“Dei genitrix”, “domina et regina totius orbis



    The Xiaoyu-Ding-Cauldron was unearthed during the first years ofDaoguang,Emperor of the Qing Dynasty,at Li village of QishanCounty, Shanxi Province.The cauldron itself disappeared in the period of Taiping Heavenly Kingdom(Taiping Tianguo).The current copy of theinscription is the only one preserved. The inscription on the cauldron consists of 400 characters,it is one of the longest texts of those dating to the early period of the Westernzhou Dynasty.Since the text is fragmentary and no joining texts remain,the text can not be read completely.The inscription was first mentioned by Guo Moruo in Research on the Metal Inscriptions of the Zhou Dynasty.Then Chen Mengjia reconstructed the inscription in the 1950's in his"Dating on the Bronze Vases of the Western Zhou Dynasty" and further

  4. Chinese Dream——Concert in Commemoration of 115th Birth Anniversary of Premier Zhou Enlai Held

    Our; Staff; Reporter


    <正>The theme song of the film The Founding of a Republic sung by male vocalists Dai Yuqiang and Wei Song reverberated in the Opera Hall at the National Center for the Performing Arts on the `evening of March 14. It marked the start of the concert in commemoration of the 115th anniversary of the birth of Premier Zhou Enlai, with "Chinese Dream" as the theme.

  5. Fundamental Research on Enhancing Operation Reliadility for Lange-Scale Interconnected Power Crids——An interview with Zhou Xiaoxin,chief scientist of"973 Program"

    Zha Renbo; Zhou Wen


    @@ At the end of last year,the editors from Power and Electrical Engineers interviewedZhou Xiaoxin on "Fundamental Research on Enhancing Operation Reliability for Large-ScaleInterconnected Power Grids",a project of "973 Program".Mr.Zhou,the chief engineer ofChina Electric Power Research Institute (CEPRI) and an academician of Chinese A-cademy of Sciences,is the chief scientist in charge of this research project.

  6. EDF phytolith analysis from Heying site, southeast China, Shang-Zhou dynasties.

    Wu, Yan; Wang, Changsui


    In this article, we propose to make morphotypological phytolith analysis of Heying site during Shang-Zhou Period by two methods: measuring based on extended depth of focus (EDF) image and measuring directly under microscope, and then compare their results. The comparison shows that the results by these two methods match each other for paleoenvironmental and agricultural analysis. Results of two methods show that Heying site's environment should be warm and moist based on the predominance of some specific phytolith assemblages. The phytolith morpho-types originated from crop plants also indicates that rice planting was the mainstay agricultural economy. In comparison, the morphotypological analysis method based on EDF image took only about 1/10 the time as the original method by directly measuring under microscope. Thus, we can process more samples and make a more thorough and systematic morphotypological phytolith analysis with the same amount of time. Furthermore, the constructed EDF image can also be archived for future examination and for education. The above experiments indicate that the morphotypological analysis method based on EDF image is very promising for phytolith analysis. Copyright © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  7. An exposition of Zhou YI studios in modem Neo-Confucianism


    The representatives of modern Neo-Confucianism all greatly value Yi Zhuan and regard it as one of their spiritual resources,and give their own creative interpretations and transformations.Xiong Shili's ontological-cosmological theory takes "qian yuan" as its center;Ma Yifu has a theory of ontology-cultivation centered on "nature-principle";Fang Dongmei has a metaphysics of production and reproduction;Mou Zongsan takes the view of "completely knowing the fathomless and understanding transformation" as a moral metaphysics;and in Tang Junyi there is a theory of the harmony of doctrines on Heaven and man in which "the knowledge of divine understanding" is its key concept.They employ modern philosophical concepts and thinking to illustrate the cosmology,ontology,theory of life,theory of human nature,theory of spiritual worlds,axiology and their connections in Zhou Yi.They affirm that the characteristics of Chinese philosophy that are different from Western philosophy consist in a naturalist view of vital life,a harmonious view of totality,an axiological view that values exist in natural universe and the world of fact,the pursuit of Good and Beauty,and intuitive experience of inner world.

  8. Shifting diets and the rise of male-biased inequality on the Central Plains of China during Eastern Zhou.

    Dong, Yu; Morgan, Chelsea; Chinenov, Yurii; Zhou, Ligang; Fan, Wenquan; Ma, Xiaolin; Pechenkina, Kate


    Farming domesticated millets, tending pigs, and hunting constituted the core of human subsistence strategies during Neolithic Yangshao (5000-2900 BC). Introduction of wheat and barley as well as the addition of domesticated herbivores during the Late Neolithic (∼2600-1900 BC) led to restructuring of ancient Chinese subsistence strategies. This study documents a dietary shift from indigenous millets to the newly introduced cereals in northcentral China during the Bronze Age Eastern Zhou Dynasty (771-221 BC) based on stable isotope analysis of human and animal bone samples. Our results show that this change affected females to a greater degree than males. We find that consumption of the newly introduced cereals was associated with less consumption of animal products and a higher rate of skeletal stress markers among females. We hypothesized that the observed separation of dietary signatures between males and females marks the rise of male-biased inequality in early China. We test this hypothesis by comparing Eastern Zhou human skeletal data with those from Neolithic Yangshao archaeological contexts. We find no evidence of male-female inequality in early farming communities. The presence of male-biased inequality in Eastern Zhou society is supported by increased body height difference between the sexes as well as the greater wealth of male burials.

  9. 南邠碾子坡先周文化遗存的性质分析%A Study of the Nature of the Pre-dynastic Zhou Cultural Remains at Nianzipo, Nanbin



    Nianzipo is a pre-dynastic Zhou site left over from the time the Zhou people lived at Bin. The rich cultural remains there discovered are roughly identical to those from the later residential places Qi, Feng and Hao also of the pre-dynastic Zhou and the Zhou proper. Belonging to the same type,the antiquities from these localities, especially the pottery, show clear evolutionary traces and inheritance relationship. Commonness is reflected also from the aspects of writing, divination and burial custom.These demonstrate to the full that all the above-mentioned relics are the Zhou people' s cultural remains coming down in one continuous line. The notions attributing the Nianzipo remains to the so-called “Liujia culture, ” “Liujia type” or “Rong-Di people's culture” rather than the pre-dynastic Zhou culture all have no enough evidence and do not conform to the rule of archaeological culture naming.

  10. Nicolas Lémery (1645-1715 and his Physical-chemical Theory about Different Phenomena for Earth Sciences

    Cándido Manuel GARCÍA CRUZ


    Full Text Available An unabridged translation of a work of Nicolas Lémery (1645–1715 is presented for the first time in Spanish, wherein this French chemist and apothecary attempts an explanation on physical and chemical basis of several significant phenomena in Earth Sciences, such as earthquakes, subterranean fires, hurricanes, lightning and thunder. This explanation had a common cause for all the aforementioned phenomena: the processes of mineral fermentation, in this case of sulfur and iron, as a heat source, within the corpuscular theory of matter and mechanistic philosophy, and likewise it represents an interesting contribution of the influence of chemistry on the incipient development of experimental geology at the dawn of the 18th Century. 

  11. Between Vienna and Moscow: the Protopope and the General Vicar Nicolae Pop Balomiri(c. 1700 to c. 1764

    Cristian Ioan Popa


    Full Text Available This article explores the life of Nicolae Pop Balomiri, a Greek-Catholic Protopope and Orthodox Archimandrite. Appointed General Vicar by the exiled Bishop Inochentie Micu-Klein in 1747, Balomiri fled Transylvania shortly afterwards when the Court in Vienna refused to acknowledge his appointment, instead supporting his predecessor, Petru Pavel Aaron. Early on in his exile, Balomiri converted to Orthodoxy, and was later made Archimandrite of the Monastery of Curtea de Argeş. From exile in Wallachia, he continued to campaign for the rights of Romanian Orthodox Christians in Transylvania, lobbying Russian Empress Elisabeta Petrovna to intervene with the Viennese to request a non-United bishop for Transylvania. Many historians have glossed over Balomiri’s importance, possibly because of his controversial role as an apostate priest.

  12. La nuit sacrée: figurações de espelhamento no filme de Nicolas Klotz

    Reto Melchior


    Full Text Available O objetivo deste artigo consiste em examinar a transposição intersemiótica de algumas figurações de espelhamento no filme de Nicolas Klotz, La nuit sacrée (1993, baseado nos dois romances L 'enfant de sable (1985 et La nuit sacrée (1987, do autor marroquino Tahar Ben Jelloun, e. em salientar às distorções resultantes desta transmutação. Baseado, em primeiro lugar, na teoria semiótica formulada por Ignacio Assis Silva, em Figurativização e metamorfose: o mito de Narciso, tentei analisar a integração dos constituintes narrativos: vida - paixão - morte e metamorfose, nos dois textos literários e na adaptação cinematográfica.

  13. Nicolas Michel, Une économie de subsistances. Le Maroc précolonial, IFAO, Le Caire, 1997.

    Sylvie Denoix


    Full Text Available Le titre de cet ouvrage peut apparaître paradoxal si l'on considère, comme le rappelle Nicolas Michel, que le Maroc, dès avant le XIXe siècle, était inséré dans une économie marchande internationale "faisant circuler dans tout le pays produits et espèces monétaires". En fait, les produits de première nécessité échappent au grand négoce et font plutôt l'objet d'un troc, d'un échange contre services, hors système monétaire. Néanmoins, dans un souci de rigueur méthodologique, l'auteur nous garde...

  14. Numerical study of the seasonal variability of Aurelia aurita ephyra abundance: Application to the JiaoZhou Bay, China

    Hu, Z.; Wang, N.; Li, C.; Sun, S.


    The outbreaks of the inshore scyphozoan Aurelia aurita have been increasingly reported in the coastal waters of China in recent years, with detrimental impacts on local ecosystems and economies. The strobilation process is an important part of the A. aurita life cycle because it can increase the jellyfish population size by producing new jellyfish (ephyrae). Hence it is essential to investigate the strobilation dynamics in order to better understand and possibly predict jellyfish outbreaks. In this work, we present a model that provides a realistic simulation of the combined effects of temperature and food supply on the ephyra liberation dynamics. The parameterization of the model is based on the laboratory and field experiments and the literature. The model results show that temperature has a parabolic-like effect on liberated ephyra numbers. The numbers of liberated ephyra increase with temperature before reaching a peak and then decays. No ephyrae liberation occurs in very low or very high temperautres, despite the food level is high or not. While liberation occurs, high food supply increases ephyra production. Application of the model to JiaoZhou Bay with in-situ measured temperature and zooplanton abundance produces results coherent with the seasonal in situ observations. In JiaoZhou Bay, the ephyrae of A. aurita usually appear in early April, and reaches their peak in abundance in June and the jellyfish outbreaks reported occurs in July-August. Experiments with the model show that there are two main periods of strobilation in JiaoZhou Bay. The first begins at early march and reaches its peak in May. The second occurs during October to early December with its peak in November. The first strobilation period is in a good agreement with in situ observations. No available data in JiaoZhou Bay could be used to validate the second one. Nevertheless, occurrence of A. aurita ephyrae was reported in late October in similar latitudes such as in Tokyo Bay. No jellyfish

  15. 关于《芋粥》的叙事分析%On the narrative analysis of "Yu Zhou"



      "Yu Zhou" is the history written novel based on "Akutagawa". Both in content and in form, his original creation is recreated again. Recreation of forms is mainly embodied in that the narrator is "explicit". Through analysis of the narrator's type in "Yu Zhou", can be better for the text narrative analysis.%  《芋粥》是芥川龙之介取材于《今昔物语集》写就的历史题材的小说。无论从内容上还是从形式上,芥川都对原作进行了再创作。形式上的再创作主要体现在让叙述者“外显”这一点上。而通过分析《芋粥》中叙述者的类型,可以更好地对文本进行叙事分析

  16. Famine Disaster Measures in Western Zhou Dynasty%西周时期抗灾救荒措施初探



    In the 276 year history of the Western Zhou Dynasty, water, drought, hail, earthquakes, insects, wind and other natural disasters occur frequently. In the course of the Western Zhou Dynasty People struggle with the disaster, in addition to due to the limited scientific knowledge beyond the day, ancestors and nature of God in prayer, but also the use of irrigation, grain and other savings for Famine Relief to struggle with natural disasters and famine, which"Week o official ceremony . Tai Situ"recorded twelve famine relief is related to the famine disaster measures various aspects.%在西周276年的历史内,水、旱、雹、震、虫、风等自然灾害频繁发生。西周人民在同灾害斗争的过程中,除了由于科学知识的有限而向天、祖和自然神祷告之外,还采用兴修水利、储蓄粮食等荒政来同自然灾害及饥荒作斗争,其中《周礼·地官·大司徒》所记载的十二荒政则涉及到抗灾救荒措施的各个方面。

  17. Zhou Fuming's Gouty Arthritis Treatment Tips%周富明痛风性关节炎辨治要诀

    沈佳红; 周富明


    [目的]总结周富明名老中医发挥中医药优势治疗痛风性关节炎的学术观点和临床经验。[方法]通过临证侍诊、跟师抄方、收集分析老师临床资料,研究探讨周老治疗痛风性关节炎的学术观点和临床经验,对其中医药治疗痛风性关节炎的辨证特色予以总结,并附验案举隅。[结果]痛风性关节炎中医称之为痹证,正虚外感、邪气痹阻经脉为基本病因病机,周老提出先辨主证、后辨兼证,明确缓急、虚实、病位的辨证要诀,据此遣方用药,最终达到扶正驱邪、标本兼治的目的。所举医案,贯彻周师的临床经验,疗效满意。[结论]周富明老中医中医辨证论治治疗痛风性关节炎效果显著,具有推广应用价值。其临床辨证思路及遣方用药原则值得深入学习与探究。%Objective] To sum up the academic ideas and clinical experience of Zhou Fuming's old Chinese medicine in treating gout arthritis. [Method] From the clinical treatment,coping the teacher's prescription drugs, collecting the clinical information of the teacher, research and discuss Zhou Fuming old doctor of traditional Chinese medicine academic ideas and clinical experience in gouty arthritis treatment, to summarize the traditional Chinese medicine of gouty arthritis in dialectical characteristic, and for proven cases. [Result] Gouty arthritis in TCM is called arthromyodynia, physical weakness and disease blocking main and collateral channels are the basic pathogenesis. Zhou Fuming old Chinese medicine puts forward first identifing the main symptoms, then identifing secondary symptoms, to make clear major and minor, virtual and real, the site of disease treatment tips, with objective to reach strengthening the physique and driving away the disease and clinical cure. The listed medical case carried out teacher Zhou's academic experience, whose curative effect was satisying. [Conclusion] Zhou Fuming old Chinese

  18. 文化人类学视野下的周作人%The Perspective of Cultural Anthropology Zhou Zuoren



    “五四”新文化运动从实质上说是一场“人的解放”运动,正是出于这一精神的要求,周作人对西方文化人类学充满了浓厚的兴趣.并以此为中心构建了他独特的知识体系。他对中国国民性的富于穿透力的认知在很大程度上取决于他所受到的文化人类学的学科滋养,正是文化人类学使周作人突破了中国传统文化中的“家族本位主义”,跟整个20世纪的“人”的觉醒与解放运动完成了精神呼应,它同时也垫高了周作人对中国文化和中国国民性的观照视点,使他在中国现代文化史和文学史上占有非常重要的位置。%"May 4th' new culture movement from essentially is a "people's" liberation movement, it is out of the spiritual requirements, Zhou zuo-ren on western culture anthropology is full of interest. And for this center constructs his unique knowledge system. His nationality of China in the cognitive penetrating abound depends largely on him by the cultural anthropology discipline and nourishing. It is the cultural anthropology that traditional Chinese culture Zhou zuo-ren breakthrough the "family selfish departmentalism" with the entire 20th century, the "people's" awakening and liberation movement finished spirit appeal, it also mat high Zhou zuoren on Chinese culture and Chinese nationality made his point of view, a witness in modem Chinese history and literature history of occupied a very important position.

  19. Research on Female Ethics of Zhou Yi%《周易》女性伦理析论



    《周易》包括《易经》《易传》,经、传有着不一样的女性伦理价值观。《易经》女性伦理呈现国家、社会、个人伦理多层次和多样性的格局;而《易传》倾向男尊女卑、男主女从的妇妻社会伦理,体现了统一性,并对这种统一的女性伦理接通天人之际,凭借形上的根据以证成其合法性和合理性。《周易》的这些女性伦理观,是我国古代女性伦理的重要理论来源,对于后世的女性伦理发展有着重要的影响。今人在分析《周易》女性伦理时,应当坚持经、传相分的观点,才能准确地把握其女性伦理观。%Zhou Yi includes Yi Jing and Yi Zhuan,which with different values of female ethics. The female ethics of Yi Jing is multi-level and various with state,social and personal ethics. But Yi Zhuan tends to the social ethics that women are inferior to men and it finds out the foundation of the women social ethics from the heaven-human relationship by ontology as well. The female ethics of Zhou Yi,is an important theoretical source of Chinese ancient female ethics,which also has an important influ-ence on the later development of female ethics. In the analysis of Zhou Yi’s female ethics,we should make a distinction between Yi Jing and Yi Zhuan in order to accurately grasp the female ethic view.

  20. Settlement distribution and its relationship with environmental changes from the Neolithic to Shang-Zhou dynasties in northern Shandong, China

    GUO Yuanyuan; MO Duowen; MAO Longjiang; WANG Shougong; LI Shuicheng


    In this paper,the spatial and temporal distribution of the settlement sites of six periods from the Neolithic Age to the Shang and Zhou dynasties in northern Shandong was investigated using the ArcGIS program,and the relationship between settlement distribution and environmental changes was discussed,based on the proxy records of climatic and environmental change contained in the sediments from three sections at the Shuangwangcheng site and the previous work.The results show that the climate was warm and humid and the sea level was relatively high during the period of 8000-5000 a BP in the study area,and the ancient people lived in the relatively flat (slope of <2°) areas at high elevation (20-300 m above sea level),such as diluvial tableland and alluvial plain.On the other hand,few archaeological sites in the low-lying plain in the west of the study area indicate that few people lived there during that period.This might be attributed to frequent flooding in the area.After 5000years ago,the scope of human activity extended to the area close to the sea because the relatively colder and drier climate results in sea-level fall,meanwhile the low-lying plain in the west was occupied by the ancient people.The study area of this period was characterized by the rapid development of prehistoric culture,the intensified social stratification and the emergence of early city-states.However,around 4000 a BP,the abrupt change in climate and the increase in frequency and intensity of floods severely disrupted human activities,and eventually led to the decline of the Yueshi culture.During the Shang and Zhou dynasties,the climatic conditions gradually stabilized in a mild-dry state,which promoted the redevelopment and flourish of the Bronze Culture.The previous situation,which was characteristic of sparse human settlements due to freshwater shortage and unfitted conditions for sedentary agriculture,changed during the Shang and Zhou dynasties in northem coastal wetlands

  1. 关于夏商周碳十四年代框架%On the 14C Chronclogical Frame of the Xia-Shang-Zhou Period

    张雪莲; 仇士华


    14C Chronological framework provides scientific foundations for establishing of Xia-Shang-Zhou Chronological Table. New 14C dating datums of Luodamiao-Erligang period supplement basis for determination of the time when Zhengzhou Shang-period City started to establish.

  2. Tombs of the Zhou Period at Guziping in Yiyuan County,Shandong%山东沂源县姑子坪周代墓葬

    山东大学考古系; 淄博市文物局; 沂源县文管所


    In 2001,three tombs of the Zhou period were excavated at Guziping by the Archaeology Department of Shandong University,Zibo Municipal Museum and other institutions.All of them are wooden—chambered rectangular earth pits.M1 and M2 are large in size and contain bronze vessels of ritual use and weapons.The tomb—owners must have been noblemen.M4 is smaller in size and much poorer in grave goods,yielding only a few pottery vessels.Its occupant must have been among the common people M1 and M4 date roughly from the late Western Zhou period,while M2 can be assigned to the turn between the Western and Eastern Zhou or to the early Spring and Autumn period. The burial custom and funeral obiects of the three tombs show distinct features of the Ju or other local cultures.The discovery is of great importance in the Shang and Zhou archaeology of Shandong.

  3. Comment on '3-D frequency-domain seismic wave modelling in heterogeneous, anisotropic media using a Gaussian quadrature grid approach' by Bing Zhou and S. A. Greenhalgh

    de Basabe, Jonás D.


    Zhou & Greenhalgh have recently presented an application of the Gaussian quadrature grid to seismic modelling in which the authors propose a meshing scheme that partitions the domain independently of the discontinuities in the media parameters. This comment aims to clarify the implications that this strategy has on the accuracy.

  4. From the Island of the Blue Dolphins: A unique 19th century cache feature from San Nicolas Island, California

    Erlandson, Jon M.; Thomas-Barnett, Lisa; Vellanoweth, René L.; Schwartz, Steven J.; Muhs, Daniel R.


    A cache feature salvaged from an eroding sea cliff on San Nicolas Island produced two redwood boxes containing more than 200 artifacts of Nicoleño, Native Alaskan, and Euro-American origin. Outside the boxes were four asphaltum-coated baskets, abalone shells, a sandstone dish, and a hafted stone knife. The boxes, made from split redwood planks, contained a variety of artifacts and numerous unmodified bones and teeth from marine mammals, fish, birds, and large land mammals. Nicoleño-style artifacts include 11 knives with redwood handles and stone blades, stone projectile points, steatite ornaments and effigies, a carved stone pipe, abraders and burnishing stones, bird bone whistles, bone and shell pendants, abalone shell dishes, and two unusual barbed shell fishhooks. Artifacts of Native Alaskan style include four bone toggling harpoons, two unilaterally barbed bone harpoon heads, bone harpoon fore-shafts, a ground slate blade, and an adze blade. Objects of Euro-American origin or materials include a brass button, metal harpoon blades, and ten flaked glass bifaces. The contents of the cache feature, dating to the early-to-mid nineteenth century, provide an extraordinary window on a time of European expansion and global economic development that created unique cultural interactions and social transformations.

  5. Nicolae RÂMBU – The Value of Feeling and the Feeling of Value, Editura Grinta, Cluj-Napoca, 2010

    Vasile MAN


    Full Text Available Personalitate remarcabilă a culturii româneşti actuale, Nicolae RÂMBU este profesor la Universitatea „Al. I. Cuza” din Iaşi, Facultatea de Filosofie şi Ştiinţe Social-Politice, titular al cursurilor de Filosofie clasică germană, Axiologie, Filosofia culturii şi Comunicare interculturală. A publicat lucrări de specialitate în ţară şi în străinătate, printre care: Attraverso le ceneri dei valori. Saggi sull’impossibile neutralità assiologica, Seneca Edizioni, Torino, 2008; Axiologissche Unangemessenheiten. Beitäge zur Kulturphilosophie, Logos Verlag, Berlin, 2007; Tirania valorilor. Studii de filosofia culturii şi axiologice, Editura Didactică şi Pedagogică, Bucureşti, 2006, lucrare distinsă cu premiul „Mircea Florian” al Academiei Române.

  6. Magnetic susceptibility measurements as proxy method to monitor soil pollution: the case study of S. Nicola di Melfi.

    D'Emilio, Mariagrazia; Caggiano, Rosa; Coppola, Rosa; Macchiato, Maria; Ragosta, Maria


    The development of in situ, cheep, noninvasive, and fast strategies for soil monitoring is a crucial task for environmental research. In this paper, we present the results of three field surveys carried out in an industrial area of Southern Italy: S. Nicola di Melfi. The monitoring procedure is based on soil magnetic susceptibility measurements carried out by means of experimental protocols that our research group developed during the last years. This field surveys is supported by both geological characterization of the area and analytical determinations of metal concentrations in soils. Magnetic studies were carried out not only in situ but also in laboratory. Results show that, taking into account the influence due to the geomorphologic difference, soil magnetic susceptibility is an optimal indicator of the anthropogenic impact. So, our monitoring strategy discloses that the combined use of magnetic susceptibility measurements and soil geomorphology information may be used as a useful tool for the temporal monitoring of pollution evolution and for a fast screening of polluted zones.

  7. Os retratos de Maria Isabel e Maria Francisca de Bragança, de Nicolas-Antoine Taunay

    Elaine Dias


    Full Text Available Nicolas-Antoine Taunay, French landscape painter, produced also several portraits during his stay at the Rio de Janeiro Court. In this city, in 1816, he paints the queen Carlota Joaquina and all her daughters. In this group, two portraits have a very special way: the paintings still today catalogued as Maria Francisca and Maria Teresa, but probably being Maria Isabel and Maria Francisca de Assis - princesses that, in this year, left Brazil to marry the Spanish King Fernando VII, and his brother Carlos Maria Isidro de Bourbon. In this article, beyond to describe these portraits (and analyse the identities of the portrayed princesses, I analyse their functions in the Court society and the mains artists of this gender in Europe. I will discuss, as well, the hypothesis about the Taunay choices. In this sense, I will analyse the possible circulation of the typologies of portrait between Italy, Portugal, Spain and France, understanding these productions by Taunay and the functions occupied by these portraits in the political relations between Brazil and Europe.

  8. High mass and spatial resolution mass spectrometry imaging of Nicolas Poussin painting cross section by cluster TOF-SIMS.

    Noun, M; Van Elslande, E; Touboul, D; Glanville, H; Bucklow, S; Walter, P; Brunelle, A


    The painting Rebecca and Eliezer at the Well, which hangs in the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge, UK, is possibly one of the last figure painting executed by Nicolas Poussin at the very end of his life and is usually dated to the early 1660s. In this perspective special feature, Philippe Walter, Alain Brunelle and colleagues give new insights on the artist's working methods by a careful stateof-the-art imaging ToF-SIMS study of one sample taken on the edge of the painting. This approach allowed for the identification of the pigments used in the painting, their nature and components and those of the ground and preparatory layers, with the identification of the binder(s) and possible other additions of organic materials such as glue. This study paves the way to a wider use of ToF-SIMS for the analysis of ancient cultural heritage artefacts. Dr. Walter is the Director of the Molecular and Structural Archeology Laboratory (Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France). Dr. Brunelle is Head of the Mass Spectrometry Laboratory at the Institut de Chimie des Substances Naturelles (CNRS, Gif-sur-Yvette, France). Their long standing collaboration has led to several seminal publications on the analysis of ancient artefacts by mass spectrometry.

  9. The construction of the idea of the city in Early Modern Europe: Pérez de Herrera and Nicolas Delamare.

    Fraile, Pedro


    With the economic and social changes in Europe at the end of the sixteenth century and the formation and consolidation of an urban network throughout the continent, questions such as poverty, sanitation, and hygiene began to pose acute problems in the cities of the age. A new school of thought, known in Spain as Ciencia de Policía and in the Mediterranean area as Policy Science, proposed solutions for these problems and tested them through practical interventions inside the urban setting. In this article the author compares the work of two thinkers: Cristóbal Pérez de Herrera, a Spaniard, and Nicolas Delamare, a Frenchman. Writing in the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries, Pérez de Herrera examined the organization of Madrid, the newly founded (though still not firmly established) capital of Spain. Delamare based his study on the Paris of the early eighteenth century. The author stresses the coincidences in some of the ideas of both thinkers and shows how their writings begin to embody a new idea of the city, many aspects of which have survived until the present day.

  10. Three-dimensional Operation Design of Forest Engineering —— A Case Study of Bagua Zhou in Nanjing City

    Hongyu GU; Tao LIN; Jing ZHOU; Xuemei YU


    Abstract [Objective] The aim was to construct a virtuous eco-system covering mul- ti-populations, multi-layers and multi-products and to explore timber production of physical and non-physical products, in order to extend products operated in forestry engineering and seek a novel model for forestry engineering. [Method] A three-di- mensional operation project was designed based on forestry lands in Bagua Zhou in Nanjing City. [Result] In the project, timber products, by-products in forest and relax- ing products supplimented and supported each other, and a virtuous circle has been achieved. [Conclusion] The novel model makes simultaneous relaxing and working possible, which creat vaule together.

  11. 赤壁之战后的周瑜考论%On Zhou Yu After The Chibi Battle



    周瑜等在赤壁之战获胜后发动江陵之战,并最终迫使曹仁撤走。占领南郡江陵等地使得孙权后来在与刘备就荆州问题的交涉中处于较为有利的地位。刘备赴江东谈判“都督荆州”之事,周瑜、吕范劝孙权借机留下刘备。不过孙权接受了鲁肃的建c义,对刘备采取笼络、联合的立场,但又力求从刘备那谋取一定实际利益。周瑜向孙权提出先攻取巴蜀、汉中而后进占襄阳的战略规划。他或想到刘备以后会染指益州.因此主张先西进益州,这样可挤压刘备未来的战略发展空间,实现“二分天下”的目标。他的病逝使这一战略规划未能实现。赤壁之战后的周瑜是江东方面向外扩张的急进派,而且他抓住了向荆州扩张的机会。%Zhou Yu and other commanders launched the Jiangling Battle after their victory in the Chibi Battle, and later forced Cao Ren to retreat. After occupying Jiangling and some other places in Nanjun, Sun Quan strengthened his position in the negotiation on Jingzhou with Liu Bei. Liu Bei went to Jiangdong to carry on negotiations on his controlling Jingzhou, but Zhou Yu and Lu Fan advised Sun Quan to detain him. However, Sun Quan was persuaded by Lu Su to ally with Liu Bei, though with seeking certain benefits from the latter. Zhou Yu produced a strategic planning to capture Ba, Shu and Hanzhong, and then occupy Xiangyang. Perhaps at that time he realized Liu Bei would attack Yizhou later, so he argued for marching westwards to Yizhou in advance in order to squeeze the future strategic space of Liu Bei, and achieved his objectives of "dividing the empire into two parts". This strategic planning was not carried out because of his death. Zhou Yu belonged to the radical expansionists in Jiangdong after the Chibi Battle, and he seized the chance to expand into Jingzhou.

  12. Research on History of Grain Storages in Eastern Zhou Dynasty%东周储粮史研究

    周智波; 余黎星


    In the Eastern Zhou Dynasty, in order to grab the right of domination and rival for hegemony, every vassal state focused on the development of agricultural production and cereal storage. Agricultural development saw the appearance and application of iron farm tools, expansion of the artificial irrigation area, manual fertilization and popularization etc. During this period, the forms of grain storage were ground storage houses and underground barn cellars, which were divided into state and private grain storages. The cereal storages aimed at military spending, disaster relief, salary expenses of the officials, expenditure of the palace and so on. The cereal storage during the Eastern Zhou Dynasty was a step forward both in its size and management.%东周时期,各诸侯国为了称雄争霸,都比较注重农业生产的发展及粮食的储藏。农业发展表现为:铁农具的出现和使用,人工灌溉面积扩大,人工施肥的推广等。这个时期,储粮形式有地上仓房和地下粮窖,储粮分为国家储粮和私人储粮。储粮的用途为:军费开支、救灾、官吏俸禄、王宫费用等。东周时期,储粮无论是规模和管理,都向前跨进了一步。




    Full Text Available The period between 1670 and 1740 is considered a time of “crisis of Christian rationalism” (A. McKenna or a time of “skepticism” (V.Cousin, since the Christian apologetics, trapped between Protestantism and the Rationalism, are gradually reduced to a row of inefficient and traditional “proofs” for the existence and kindness of God. In 1680, Nicolas Malebranche publishes the Treatise on Nature and Grace, following to explain the way in which God granted His grace to all mankind. In order to fight the skeptical thesis according to which God takes not directly part in this world, Malebranche refers the action of God to the concept of “general/divine will”. If such a theory is useful at a certain metaphysical level in explaining the presence of the evil in the world (God does not create but allows the evil, it raises some anthropological issues, especially concerning the nature of the human free will. If anything in the world emerges as a direct consequence of God’s “general will”, how can be conceived a real free human will? The theory of God’s general will generates an unexpected anthropological consequence (the dissolution of the human free will that Malebranche tries to hide it by inventing the concept of “inclination of the will”: God does not interfere (by causation with the human will, but He influences it (by inclination. Is it philosophically defensible? The aim of the article is to analyze some philosophical and methodological difficulties related to the new Malebranchist concept of “inclination of human will” in order to prove that the passage from the occasionalist theory of general will to an inquiry about the human will is quite problematic.

  14. The Seaplane Base Ivo Monti at S. Nicola Varano (fg): a Monument of Military Archeology, Between History and Protection

    Mariano, F.; Saracco, M.; Petetta, L.


    Built in the years between 1915 and 1918, and located on the west bank of the "Varano" Lake, a bay running along the village of "Cagnano Varano", the "Ivo Monti" seaplane base was erected on a pre-existing medieval settlement which belonged to the Benedictine Monks from the town of "San Nicola Imbuti". During WWI, this seaplane base was turned, from a simple water airport, into a strategic military base for floatplanes. As a matter of fact, the large lagoon could be used as landing spot for the planes sent off to patrol the dalmatic coast, one of the historical regions of Croatia, then controlled by the Austrians. After WWI, after the seaplane became an outdated technology, the "Ivo Monti" base was progressively dismantled and then totally abandoned at the beginning of the 1950s. In 2014, considering the historical relevance of this site and the unmistakable architectural value of its elements, a research framework agreement was signed between the "DICEA" Department of Marche Polytechnic University and the city council of the town hosting the site, aimed at the development of shared scientific research projects revolving around the study, the valorisation, and the restoration of the military complex in question, which had been in a complete state of decay and neglect for too long. The still ongoing research project mentioned presents two main missions: the first is the historical reconstruction, the geometric mapping, and the robustness analysis of the ruins, by studying and faithfully representing the state of deterioration of the building materials and of the facilities; the second is the identification and the testing of potential architectural solutions for the conversion and the reuse of the site and of its facilities.

  15. Nicolas Andry de Bois-Regard (Lyon 1658-Paris 1742): the inventor of the word "orthopaedics" and the father of parasitology.

    Kohler, Remi


    This is an historical essay about Nicolas Andry, a French medical doctor (Lyon 1658-Paris 1742) who wrote in 1741 the famous book called "L'orthopedie", which was soon after translated into English (1742) "Orthopaedia or the art of correcting and preventing deformities in children". His life and works are detailed as the containment of the book composed of two volumes and many engravings (the crooked tree has become the symbol of numerous orthopaedic societies around the world). A discussion of semantics (ORTHO-PEDIE) and evolution of the meaning of this word is also discussed.

  16. The Natural History in Zhou Zuoren' s Prose%周作人散文中的博物学



    Zhou Zuoren was a modern Chinese essayist, a literature theorist, a translator, a thinker and a pioneer of folklore. Taking some of his prose as an example, this essay attempts to explore the value of natural history and science communication. In the field of modem Chinese popular science, why was Zhou Zuoren left out in the cold? What is the difference between his prose and the contemporary works of popular science? Why were his writings labeled as leisurely essays by most people? At the early stage of development of modern natural history, there was sincere willingness and ability of the deep-level exchanges between humanities and sciences. The boundaries among the traditional culture, folk custom and modern scientific knowledge were not clearly defined yet, so they can complement and improve each other. Reading Zhou' s prose which contains folk custom, sinology and western natural history from today' s perspective, we can find it have a deep thought and care about the nation, society and the lives of ordinary people, hence provide a contemporary revelation.%周作人是中国现代散文家、文学理论家、翻译家、思想家、民俗学开拓人。本文将以他的部分小品文为例,探讨其博物学与科普价值。在中国现代科普领域,周作人缘何遇冷,其作品与同时代科普作品相比有何区别,为什么在大多数人看来,周氏作品仅仅只是"闲适小品文"?本文试图论述,在我国现代博物学发展之初,人文与科学之间具有真诚的、深层次交流的意愿与能力;传统文化、民间习俗与现代科学之间具有相互弥补和促进的可能。把周作人那些夹杂着民俗、国学、西方博物学兴味的小品文,置于今天的环境中重新品读,会发现它们对民族、社会以及普通人的生活,都有着深切的思考和关照,能够给予当代人启示。

  17. 游牧者的风骨——周涛诗歌中的意象解析%On Zhou Tao' s Writing Style of Vigor --Interpretation of the Images in Zhou Tao' s Poems



    Because of long living in Xinjiang, Zhou Tao is very familiar with the grand natural scenery, long cultural history and colorful ethnical life of the west. In his poems, with the help of such image symbols with the features of freedom, vigor, magnificence, and persistence or with primitive vitality in the western nature as horse, eagle, mountain, and camel, he makes the western nomandic culture vivid, as a result of which he constructs a cubic, male, and tangible Xinjiang and forcefully reveals the spiritual and internal termperament of this region.%周涛长期生活在新疆,对西部雄伟壮丽的自然风光、源远流长的历史文化及丰富多彩的民族生活十分熟悉,在他的诗歌中,常常借助马、鹰、山、骆驼等西部自然中具有原始生命力或自由、刚劲、雄伟与坚韧的意象符号,将西部游牧文化精神形象化,构筑起一个立体的、雄性的、质感的新疆,有力地揭示了这一区域的精神风貌和内在气韵。

  18. Tombs of the Zhou period in Madong Village,Hezhou City,Guangxi%广西贺州市马东村周代墓葬



    There is an ancient cemetery at Madong village, Shatian town, Hezhou city lying to the south of the Five Ridges on the boundary between Chu and Yue. In 1996, two of the tombs were excavated by the Hezhou Municipal Museum. Both are earth shafts, Tomb M1 being small-sized while M2 having a L-shaped plan. They were found to be damaged seriously: only the tomb bottom remains in both cases. The funeral objects are all bronzes, which belong to the lei pot, ding tripod, yongzhong handled bell, spear, short sword, yue battle axe. adze, arrowhead, etc. Showing no distinct local features, they suggest that local bronzes were cast in imitation of those of the Shang and Zhou cultures in the Central Plains and represented the early bronze culture in the area south of the Five Ridges. The two tombs go back roughly to the turn from the late Western Zhou to the early Spring and Autumn period.

  19. Xia - Shang - Zhou Chronology Project and the Study of Archaeological Cultures in the Xia and Shang Periods%夏商周断代工程与夏商考古学文化研究



    Xia-Shang-Zhou Chronology Project is a systematic project with the cooperation of different specialists from the fields of history, archaeology, astronomy and carbon datingtechnology etc.. With five years hard work, this project has released a reliable scientific time table for the Three Dynasties and thus the ancient Chinese history can be traced back to 2070 BC with hard evidence. Besides, the Project has greatly improved the studies of the Xia-Shang-Zhou archaeological cultures.

  20. ZHANG Min-zhou (张敏州)——A Renowned Cardiologist of Integrative Medicine

    Tao Bo


    Professor ZHANGMin-zhou(张敏州),chief physician,doctoral adviser,the successor to the nationally well-known old professor of Chinese Medicine DEND Tie-tao's academic thinking,vicepresident of the Special Committee of Cardiovascular Disease affiliated with the World Federation of Chinese Medicine Societies,vice chairman of the Cardiovascular Disease Committee attached to the Chinese Association of Integrative Medicine,vice chairman of the Emergency Branch of the China Association of Chinese Medicine,a member of the Standing Committee of the Integrative Medicine Doctors Association,Cardiovascular Diseases Association and the Professional Committee of Evidence-Based Medicine attached to the Chinese Medical Doctors Association,respectively;executive director of the Guangdong Province Association of Integrative Medicine,chairman of Critical Care Medicine,director of the Guangdong Province Medical Doctor Association,chairman of the Integrative Medicine Branch,one of the evaluation experts of the National Natural Science Foundation of China,a member of the editorial board of the Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine,the Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine in Intensive and Critical Care,the Journal of Emergency in Traditional Chinese Medicine and the Journal of Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Diseases,vice editor-in-Chief of the Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine on Cardio-/Cerebrovascular Disease.

  1. 湖南望城县高砂脊商周遗址的发掘%Excavation at the Gaoshaji Site of the Shang and Zhou Period in Wangcheng County,Hunan

    湖南省文物考古研究所; 长沙市博物馆; 长沙市考古研究所; 望城县文物管理所


    The Gaoshaji site is situated at Gaotangling town in Wangcheng county, Hunan province, lying on a long narrow sandbar on the western bank of the lower Xiangjiang River, at the river mouth where the Weishui flows into the Xiangjiang, and occupies an area of 180, 000 sq m. It was excavated twice in 1996 and 1999, which acquired very important archaeological data, including tombs,ash-pits, kiln-sites and numerous bronzes, pottery objects and stone artifacts. The tombs with bronzes are dated to the time from the later early to the earlier middle stage of Western Zhou; those with pottery and other remains can be divided into two phases: the first phase belongs principally to the early Western Zhou, maybe as early as the turn between the Shang and Zhou, while the second phase to the mid Western Zhou. Containing elements of two cultures,the unearthed objects show the character of a mixed culture with the external elements as the main body. The coexistence of Shang and Zhou bronzes with a pottery culture provides an important clue for solving the puzzle of Hunan bronzes in Shang and Zhou times.

  2. Le jeu des coïncidences : une vraisemblance à construire. Les exemples de Nikolski de Nicolas Dickner et de La kermesse de Daniel Poliquin

    Christine Otis


    Full Text Available À partir des exemples de Nikolski (Nicolas Dickner, 2005 et de La kermesse (Daniel Poliquin, 2006, l’article présente la construction d’une vraisemblance parallèle générée par l’utilisation d’une multitude de coïncidences. Cette vraisemblance particulière réussit à s’imposer malgré un certain degré d’invraisemblance et pourrait s’apparenter à la vraisemblance générique (propre à un genre particulier comme le roman policier ou de science-fiction par exemple, mais s’appliquant à un univers romanesque particulier. Using the examples of Nikoski (Nicolas Dickner, 2005 and La kermesse (Daniel Poliquin, 2006, this article examines the construction of a parallel verisimilitude generated by the use of a multiplicity of coincidences. This particular verisimilitude manages to impose itself in spite of the presence of a number of unlikely events and may be considered as a type of generic verisimilitude (typical of a particular genre such as the detective novel or science fiction taking effect in a particular fictional world.

  3. On Distinction between Huo Style in Word and Expression and Zhou Calligraphic One%《说文》或体与籀文字形辨考



    Based on inscriptions on bones and tortoise shells,this paper has made a contrast among Huo interpretation style in Word and Expression,Zhou and Xiaozhuan calligraphic styles according to the sequence of the book and made a dis-tinction between them.The author has found the different features between Huo and Zhou form,both Huo and Xiaozhuan styles are slim and symmetric and are more tidy,some of them are the direct or indirect rewriting or omission of Zhou Style,and hence become much simpler and easier,whereas Zhou style seems a little round and stout; formation, both Xiaozhuan and Huo styles have changed some Zhou words which are ideographic and pictographic into phonograms. Through the contrast between the two,we can see the clear evolutionary trace of Chinese characters.%按照《说文》之序,结合甲骨文、金文等古文字形,对《说文》重文中的籀文、或体以及字头小篆作了字形比较,明晰了各字形的构形方式。可知,籀文和或体在形体和构形方式的不同特点:(1)在形体上,小篆或体的字形线条较匀称,籀文则略显肥圆;小篆或体比籀文更加简明、齐整,有的是对籀文直接或间接的省改,化繁为简,化难为易;(2)在构形方式上,小篆或体把一些以象形、会意构形的籀文字形通过增加部件或更换部件转换为形声字。通过比较籀文和小篆或体,可清晰地了解汉字的字形演变轨迹。

  4. The discussion on the construction of site of eastern zhou capital%试论东周王城的营建

    徐昭峰; 姜超


    东周王城是东周王朝的国都。对于其地望及始建年代,虽曾经颇多争议,但20世纪50年代在涧河两岸发现的东周城址,从考古发现情况整合文献资料,两者可以相互印证,故学界一般认为其即文献记载的王城。从考古发现来看,东周王城在春秋和战国这两个阶段进行了较大规模的营建,春秋时期建有宫城及其内的宫殿,还有规划有序的春秋王陵区及其他文化遗存。战国时期始建郭城,宫城则一分为二,西为宫城,东为仓城。在郭城南瞿家屯一带发现有战国晚期的成组夯土建筑群基址;在郭城北部发现有大量的手工业作坊遗址和包括西周君陵区在内的大量墓葬。东周王城的营建过程都有其特定的历史背景。%Site of Eastern Zhou Capital is the capital of the Eastern Zhou .For its geographical location and the beginning of the era ,there have been a lot of controversy .In 1950s ,archaeological finds in the cross‐strait Jianhe Zhou City combined with the literature ,the two can confirm each other ,so the academic circles generally believed that it is the site of Eastern Zhou Capital .From the archaeological perspective , the site of Eastern Zhou Capital conducted large‐scale construction in the two stage of the spring and au‐tumn period and Warring states .Built imperial palace and inner palace ,orderly planning and other cultural relics in the tomb area in the Spring and Autumn period .Outer city wall was built during the Warring States period .Imperial palace was divided into imperial palace located on the west side and Cang Cheng lo‐cated on the east side .Rammed earth architectural foundations group found in Qu Jia Tun area located on the south of outer city wall belongs to the late Warring States period .A large number of handicraft work‐shops and number of tombs in the Western Zhou Dynasty mausoleum were found in the northern outer city wall .The construction

  5. Olematu linn / Nicola Desiderio

    Desiderio, Nicola


    10. Veneetsia arhitektuuribiennaalist (kuraator Richard Burdett). Näitusest "Linn, arhitektuur ja ühiskond". Itaalia paviljoni väljapanekust "Uus linn. Itaalia 2026. Kutse Vemasse" (kuraator Franco Purini), lühidalt Belgia väljapanekust ja Saksa paviljoni ekspositsioonist "Muundatav linn"

  6. Olematu linn / Nicola Desiderio

    Desiderio, Nicola


    10. Veneetsia arhitektuuribiennaalist (kuraator Richard Burdett). Näitusest "Linn, arhitektuur ja ühiskond". Itaalia paviljoni väljapanekust "Uus linn. Itaalia 2026. Kutse Vemasse" (kuraator Franco Purini), lühidalt Belgia väljapanekust ja Saksa paviljoni ekspositsioonist "Muundatav linn"

  7. 论周氏兄弟的早期翻译%A Study on Early Translations of Zhou Brothers



    1909年《域外小说集》的出版是周氏兄弟在晚清最重要的文学活动。在《域外小说集》中,周氏兄弟审慎地选择了代表唯美主义、自然主义、批判现实主义、现代主义等世纪之交文艺思潮的小说作品,来践行以文艺转移性情、改造社会的目标。《域外小说集》能够在1909年出版,与周氏兄弟之前较长一段时间里在翻译领域的摸索和准备是分不开的。周氏兄弟的早期翻译可以分为两个阶段:1903—1906年是裹挟在晚清译介潮流中的摸索阶段。在晚清译界登场以后,周氏兄弟大致选择了科学小说和侦探小说进行翻译。1906—1908年是周氏兄弟《域外小说集》的酝酿阶段。在合作翻译《红星佚史》的过程中,他们提出了“文以移情”的翻译理念。受到无政府主义思想的影响,此时他们开始关注俄国文学。周氏兄弟最早关注并认真译介的弱小民族文学是匈牙利文学。%In the late Qing Dynasty, the publication of The Collections of Foreign Fictions in 1909 was the most important literar-y activity for Zhou brothers.They chose the stories in the book carefully which represented the trend of literary at the turn of the century, such as aestheticism, naturalism, critical realism, modernism, and etc.They hoped to achieve their ambition by trans-ferring people's dispositions and transforming the society.The publication of the book has been closely related to Zhou brothers'exploration and preparation in the field of translation from 1903 to 1908, which can be roughly divided into two periods.Before the year of 1906, their translation followed the trend of the time in an explorative manner.They chose scientific fiction and de-tective fiction as their translation topics.Then from the year 1906 to 1908, they started to prepare for the publication of The Col-lections of Foreign Fictions.They collaborated to translate The World's Desire and put forward the

  8. Nicola Michelassi y Salomé Vuelta García, Il teatro spagnolo a Firenze nel Seicento. Vol. I: Giacinto Andrea Cicognini, Giovan Battista Ricciardi, Pietro Susini, Mattias Maria Bartolommei

    Diego Símini


    Full Text Available Reseña de Nicola Michelassi y Salomé Vuelta García, Il teatro spagnolo a Firenze nel Seicento. Vol. I: Giacinto Andrea Cicognini, Giovan Battista Ricciardi, Pietro Susini, Mattias Maria Bartolommei, Alinea (Secoli d’Oro, 67; Commedia Aurea Spagnola e Pubblico Italiano, VIII, Florencia, 2013, 257 pp. ISBN: 9788860557865.

  9. L’acqua come fonte di reddito e di discordia. Le pertinenze dei monasteri di S. Maria del Sagittario e San Nicola in Valle: opifici idraulici nella media Valle del Sinni durante il medioevo

    Valentino Vitale


    Holders of this economic power, during the buckets. XII-XVI AD, were the Cistercian monastery of Santa Maria of Sagittarius and the Certosa di San Nicola Valley, foundations willed by the families the Clermont and the Sanseverino in Count of Chiaromonte.

  10. The French Military Modernization at the End of Nicolas Sarkozy´s Presidency.Can the Goals of the White Paper on Defense Be Attained?

    Petr Vilímek


    Full Text Available This article aims to assess the fulfilment of goals of the White Paper on Defense in the areas of financing of the French Armed Forces and modernization of their equipment under the presidency of Nicolas Sarkozy. Three indicators for this assessment are defined: the military budget of the French Armed Forces, the acquisition of modern weapon systems and assorted equipment, and extraordinary revenues and expenses of the French defense budget. The article comes to the conclusion that almost from the beginning there were serious difficulties in attaining the projected goals of the White Paper on Defense. In addition, it is concluded that we can expect a reduction of original goals in the course of the ongoing revision of the White Paper on Defense.

  11. The Matrix Regained: Reflections on the Use of the Grid in the Architectural Theories of Nicolaus Goldmann and Jean-Nicolas-Louis Durand

    Jeroen Goudeau


    Full Text Available In addition to the superficial visual similarities between the architectural theories of the Silesian-born, seventeenth-century Dutch mathematician Nicolaus Goldmann and the early nineteenth-century French architect Jean-Nicolas-Louis Durand, there is a more profound interconnection: their use of the grid. This article evaluates the relation between the two theories and argues how Durand could have been influenced by Goldmann’s writings. It turns out to be more than likely that the two were linked by Durand´s German pupils who brought the tradition of German eighteenth-century architectural theory with them. This corpus was nourished by Leonhard Christoph Sturm´s ‘Goldmannic’ architecture.

  12. Adolphe Nicolas, Énergies : une pénurie au secours du climat ?, Paris, Belin, 2011, 160 p.

    Mathilde Szuba


    Full Text Available Géologue et professeur émérite à l’université de Montpellier, Adolphe Nicolas signe ici un court ouvrage, très facile d’accès, sur la pénurie des ressources énergétiques fossiles. On peut saluer ce travail de vulgarisation qui, en dépit de sa modestie, contribue activement à rendre possible un débordement des frontières disciplinaires, en traduisant les données de la controverse sur le pic pétrolier dans un langage très accessible, avec juste ce qu’il faut de graphiques et de chiffres. C’est ...

  13. Théophile Gautier, Edgar Allan Poe, Nicolae Davidescu, Richard Lesclide et André Gill, Contes de la mille et deuxième nuit

    Perrin, Jean-François


    Cette anthologie reprend une publication réalisée en Grèce en 2006 (Athènes, Éditions Agra), sous un titre légèrement différent : La Mille et deuxième nuit : Théophile Gautier, Edgar Allan Poe, Nicolae Davidescu. S’y ajoute cette fois la reproduction, en appendice, d’une traduction du conte de Poe au xixe siècle par Richard Lesclide (alias Le Grand Jacques), illustrée par André Gill. Le concept de l’ouvrage est de donner à lire ensemble trois nouvelles du xixe siècle ayant pour thème la « mil...

  14. Poirier Nicolas, Un espace rural à la loupe. Paysage, peuplement et territoires en Berry de la préhistoire à nos jours

    Frédérique Bertoncello


    Full Text Available Cet ouvrage est la publication de la thèse de Doctorat soutenue par Nicolas Poirier à l’Université de Tours en décembre 2007. L’originalité de l’étude tient à l’échelle d’analyse adoptée pour retracer la dynamique d’un espace rural aux confins du Berry et du Nivernais, qui associe micro-échelle spatiale (une cinquantaine de km² correspondant aux territoires des communes de Sancergues, Charentonnay et Saint-Martin-des-Champs, à l’est du département du Cher et longue durée chronologique (du se...

  15. QTL Mapping of Adult-Plant Resistance to Leaf Rust in the Wheat Cross Zhou 8425B/Chinese Spring Using High-Density SNP Markers

    Peipei Zhang


    Full Text Available Wheat leaf rust is an important disease worldwide. Growing resistant cultivars is an effective means to control the disease. In the present study, 244 recombinant inbred lines from Zhou 8425B/Chinese Spring cross were phenotyped for leaf rust severities during the 2011–2012, 2012–2013, 2013–2014, and 2014–2015 cropping seasons at Baoding, Hebei province, and 2012–2013 and 2013–2014 cropping seasons in Zhoukou, Henan province. The population was genotyped using the high-density Illumina iSelect 90K SNP assay and SSR markers. Inclusive composite interval mapping identified eight QTL, designated as QLr.hebau-2AL, QLr.hebau-2BS, QLr.hebau-3A, QLr.hebau-3BS, QLr.hebau-4AL, QLr.hebau-4B, QLr.hebau-5BL, and QLr.hebau-7DS, respectively. QLr.hebau-2BS, QLr.hebau-3A, QLr.hebau-3BS, and QLr.hebau-5BL were derived from Zhou 8425B, whereas the other four were from Chinese Spring. Three stable QTL on chromosomes 2BS, 4B and 7DS explained 7.5–10.6%, 5.5–24.4%, and 11.2–20.9% of the phenotypic variance, respectively. QLr.hebau-2BS in Zhou 8425B might be the same as LrZH22 in Zhoumai 22; QLr.hebau-4B might be the residual resistance of Lr12, and QLr.hebau-7DS is Lr34. QLr.hebau-2AL, QLr.hebau-3BS, QLr.hebau-4AL, and QLr.hebau-5BL are likely to be novel QTL for leaf rust. These QTL and their closely linked SNP and SSR markers can be used for fine mapping, candidate gene discovery, and marker-assisted selection in wheat breeding.

  16. XANES investigation of Chinese faience excavated from Peng State Cemetery site in Western Zhou Period (BC1046–BC771)

    Hao, Wentao; Yang, Yimin [Key Laboratory of Vertebrate Evolution and Human Origins of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100044 (China); Department of Scientific History and Archaeometry, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); Zhu, Jian, E-mail: [Key Laboratory of Vertebrate Evolution and Human Origins of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100044 (China); Department of Scientific History and Archaeometry, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); Gu, Zhou [Key Laboratory of Vertebrate Evolution and Human Origins of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100044 (China); Department of Scientific History and Archaeometry, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); Xie, Yaoting [Institute of Archaeology of Shanxi Province, Taiyuan 030001 (China); Zhang, Jing [Beijing Synchrotron Radiation Facility, Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); Wang, Lihua [Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Facility, Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201204 (China)


    Highlights: • We analyzed faience of Peng State archaeological cemetery site in Western Zhou Dynasty (BC1046–BC771). • We investigated the chemical composition and oxidation state by energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence (EDXRF) and X-ray absorption near edge spectroscopy (XANES), respectively. • The coloring element in both beads is copper in +2 valence, and the color divergence of these two beads may originate from different local chemical environments of Cu{sup 2+}. • Chinese faience in this period is the earliest glaze with copper colorant. - Abstract: As a special kind of glazed ceramic, faience has an important role to play in the technological trajectory that eventually leads to the development of ancient glass. In China, faience products first emerged in early Western Zhou Dynasty (1046BC–771BC), and their great significance as well as brilliant colors varying between blue and green attracted a lot of scholars. However, scientific researches on the color source of Chinese faience in view of microstructure characterization are quite few. In the present work, analyses by energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence (EDXRF) and X-ray absorption near edge spectroscopy (XANES) were carried out on two faience beads with relatively blue and green color, respectively, both of which were excavated from Peng State archaeological cemetery site in Western Zhou Dynasty. The results show that the coloring element in both beads is copper with +2 valence, and the color divergence of these two beads may originate from different local chemical environments of Cu{sup 2+}. It is suggested that the faience in this period is the earliest glaze with copper colorant in China.

  17. A Summary on the Western Zhou Dynasty Bronze Inscription Verbs%西周金文动词研究综述



    西周金文是最早的成系统的汉民族书面语之一,保持着当时语言的原貌,是该时期语言的真实记录,因此它是研究上古汉语词汇和语法的重要语料。通过对西周金文动词的判定标准、词义系统、语法功能和复音词进行全面的梳理,为西周金文的释读和应用以及上古汉语动词的研究奠定基础。%The Western Zhou Dynasty bronze inscription is one of the earliest systematic written languages of Han nationality and records the true language phenomena at that time. It is very important to studying the ancient vocabulary and grammar since it keeps in the original states. Bythe thoroughly researches on the criterion, the meaning system and the grammatical function of verbs and the disyllabic verbs in Western Zhou Dynasty bronze inscription, one can learn the verbs’rules and features and lay a solid foundation to apply and study the ancient Chinese language verb system.

  18. 毛泽东、周恩来人生哲学之比较%A Comparison of the Philosophy of Life between Mao Zedong and Zhou Enlai

    程林辉; 夏小琛


    毛泽东、周恩来的人生哲学既同中有异,又异中有同。共同的理想信仰、价值准则、人生追求,使他们的人生哲学呈现出很多相同之处,然而其差异也显而易见:毛泽东的性格以"虎气"为主,气质上豪迈奔放,具有浓郁的诗人情怀,趋于英雄人格;周恩来的性格以柔韧见长,气质上儒雅谦逊,具有博大的贤者胸怀,趋于道德人格。%Comparison between Mao Zedong and Zhou Enlai'philosophies of life show some differences and also some similarities.Because of the same beliefs,values and life pursuits,they have a lot of similarities in their philosophies of life.Nevertheless,the difference is also very obvious.Mao Zedong is mainly characterized by his "Tiger Spirit"with a bold and generous temperament,a strong poetic sense and heroic personality.Yet,Zhou Enlai is characteristically good at his flexibility with a modest manner,a broad-minded wisdom and a virtuous personality.

  19. 明周太后与文华门哭谏事件%Empress Zhou and Fight Etiquette beside Wen Hua Door in Ming Dynasty



    明代历史上,大臣为捍卫祖制伏阙争礼三次,最早始于成化年间的文华门哭谏。这次争礼因宪宗生母周太后在柑葬问题上与大臣的分歧引起,周太后的跋扈独断激起文武百官大规模请愿。文华门哭谏不仅引起皇室丰忖葬制度的重大变革,也是谏诤皇权不当行为而抗争请愿之开端。%Ministers debated for etiquette in defending the petition of the ceremony, which earliest happened beside the Wen Hua door in Ming Dynasty in Cheng Hua period. This etiquette releted Empress Zhou (the Mother of Xian Zong). There were different views about obsequies between Empress Zhou and ministers. Her selfish and dour determination provoked ministers petition. In consequence, the obsequies not only provoked great change of imperial family, but also became the beginning of petition campaigns about admonitory advisement to rulers who would disobev the rituals during his rai~rn

  20. The ontologicalization of .the Confucian concept of Xin Xing: Zhou Lianxi's founding contribution to the Song-Ming Neo-Confucianism


    The Confucian concept of "cheng" (integrity) emphasizes logical priority of value realization over "zhen shi" (reality or truth).Through value realization and the completion of being,zhenshi can be achieved.Cheng demonstrates the original unity of value and reality.Taking the concept of cheng as the core,Zhou Lianxi's philosophy interpreted yi Dao (the Dao of change),and integrated Yi Jing (The Book of Changes) and Zhong Yong (The Doctrine of the Mean).On the one hand,it ontologicalized the Confucian concept of xin xing (mind nature),and proved and established the significance of Dao ti(the ontological Dao) as the principle and origin of the utmost goodness.On the other hand,it also extended the significance of value realization to the process of qi hua (transformation of qi) and transformation of myriad things.He proved li yi (the One Principle) of Dao ti from its many manifestations and established his own metaphysical system.Zhou Lianxi's philosophy sets up a new theoretical direction for the Song-Ming Confucians to reconstruct Confucian Metaphysics.

  1. 周谷城“文化综合说”的形成%The Formation Of Zhou Gucheng’ s Cultures Synthesis Theory



    《生活系统》奠定周谷城文化观的基础,大革命失败后的中国社会研究使周谷城意识到产业革命对于中国现代化的重要性,周著《中国通史》的“中外文化汇合演进”说是其后“文化综合说”的源头和雏形,周著《世界通史》的编撰使周谷城意识到了欧洲中心论问题。1978年后,周谷城在上述文化思想的基础上提出了精辟独到的“文化综合说”。%Zhou Gucheng laid the foundation for his theory by System of Life , realized the importance of industrial revolution to China’ s modernization by the study of Chinese society after the the Great Revolution, the evolution of cultures both from China and foreign in Zhou’ s General History of China was the origin and rudiment of the Cultures Synthesis Theory, and noticed the problem of Eurocentrism by the written of General History of the World. After 1978, Zhou finally put forward the penetrating original cultural theory.

  2. 西安市北周史君石椁墓%Shi Sarcophagused Tomb of the Northern Zhou Period in Xi'an



    In 2003, the Xi'an Municipal Institute of Ancient Monument Preservation and Archaeology excavated the Shi tomb of the Northern Zhou period east of the Jingshang Village of Daminggong Township in Weiyang District, Xi'an City. They discovered stone sealing slabs, a sarcophagus and beds, as well as gold finger-rings, coins and ornaments, all valuable cultural relics. The tomb is an earthen cave, and consists of a long ramp, small yards, tunnels, a corridor and a chamber. The tombgate, lintel, ramp and chamber are decorated with murals. In the tomb is a couple's joint burial. The male tomb-owner, Shi by name, was the Sabao, or administrator of Zoroastrianism, in the Liangzhou Prefecture of the Northern Zhou period. The color-painted and gold-foiled carvings in relief on the sarcophagus, beds and sealing stones reflect both the Zoroastrianist culture and influence from the Han culture. They provide invaluable textual and pictorial data for studying the Silk Road and Sino-western cultural relations, and have very great significance to researching into the history of Sino-western cultural relations and that of Chinese art.

  3. 周玉艳主任医师治疗难治性周围性面瘫经验初探%Experience of Doctor ZHOU YU-yan to Treat Peripheral Facial Paralysis

    张彩荣; 陈朝明; 李静


    This article summarized famous doctor Zhou Yu-yan' s clinical experience in the treatment of Refractory facial paralysis, who pointed out the differentiation is different root excessive superficial. Mr. Zhou especially pays attention to adjust immunity and manipulation of acupuucture.%总结了名老中医周玉艳主任治疗难治性周围性面瘫的临床经验,指出难治性面瘫为本虚标实症,周主任临床上治疗上重调节免疫及针刺补泻手法,讲究治调并济.

  4. Nicolas Lémery (1645-1715) y su teoría físico-química sobre diversos fenómenos de interés para las ciencias de la tierra

    Cándido Manuel GARCÍA CRUZ


    An unabridged translation of a work of Nicolas Lémery (1645–1715) is presented for the first time in Spanish, wherein this French chemist and apothecary attempts an explanation on physical and chemical basis of several significant phenomena in Earth Sciences, such as earthquakes, subterranean fires, hurricanes, lightning and thunder. This explanation had a common cause for all the aforementioned phenomena: the processes of mineral fermentation, in this case of sulfur and iron, as a heat sourc...

  5. KINESIOLOGY- THE SCIENCE OF MOVEMENT in Relation to Education, Hygiene and Therapy. A piece of the legacy of Nicolas Dally (1795-1862) for contemporary kinesiology scholars and professionals

    Franjo Prot


    Kinesiology has recently gained full worldwide credibility as an academic discipline in the field of human movement and exercise practice in the area of education, sport, recreation and kinesitherapy, becoming a proper denominator for the field of sport or exercise science. It seems almost compulsory that on the occasion of the introduction of the first issue of Annales Kinesiologiae, a new scientific journal in the field, to remember and speak about Nicolas Dally and his work. In this paper ...

  6. Œuvre 220 : Édouard Levé d’après Nicolas Brasseur - Entretien avec Olivier Sécardin

    Olivier Sécardin


    Full Text Available Nicolas Brasseur, artiste, photographe, né en 1981 à Nantes. Vit et travaille à Paris. Diplômé de l’École Nationale Supérieure des Arts Décoratifs de Paris en 2008, Nicolas Brasseur poursuit un travail documentaire au sein d’institutions françaises autour de la notion « d’images modèles ». Ses recherches l’ont amené à photographier l’hôpital, l’école et plus récemment la prison en parte-nariat avec le Centre Photographique d’Ile-de-France (CPIF.Édouard Levé, écrivain, artiste, photographe, né en 1965, mort en 2007. Diplômé de l’ESSEC, il commence à peindre en 1991, puis brûle presque toutes ses toiles avant de se consacrer à la photographie. En 1999, il réalise sa première série, Homonymes, qui propose des portraits photographiques de personnes inconnues portant des noms célèbres : Georges Bataille, Yves Klein, Henri Michaux… Il reprend le même procédé dans Amérique (2006, reportage sur des villes américaines qui portent le nom d’autres villes connues : Florence, Berlin, Paris... Il est l’auteur de plusieurs séries photographiques. Admirateur de Raymond Roussel, lecteur de Jacques Roubaud et de Raymond Queneau, Édouard Levé est aussi écrivain. OEuvres, publié en 2002 est le catalogue de 533 projets d’oeuvres d’art, installations, peintures, sculptures ou photographies imaginés dont l’artiste a « eu l’idée, mais qu’il n’a pas réalisés ». Son Autoportrait le présente en « 1600 phrases sans solution de continuité ». Trois jours avant de se donner la mort, Édouard Levé dépose chez son éditeur le manuscrit de son dernier texte, Suicide (2008.

  7. Marriage Forms of Zhou Dynasty Reflected in The Book of Songs%从《诗经》看周代婚姻形态



    In The Book of Songs , there is a large amount of love and marriage poems which can fully present the process of concluding a marriage . During The Book of Songs era , although the Six Marriage Processes , an important part of the rite system of Zhou Dynasty , had become popular among both aristocratic class and common people , different classes had different wedding ceremonies in detail . Except for the major Betrothal Marriage marked with monogamy , there are three more marriage patterns in Zhou Dynasty , like Concubine Marriage marked with polygamy , Succession Marriage marked with the relatives of the dead husband marrying his widow and marriage based on illicit sexual relations . Meanwhile , The Book of Songs also has many poems on the abandoned wives . It is reasonable to get the causes of the factual termination of the marriage according to them . Above all , people can get a general view of the whole marriage forms of Zhou Dynasty .%《诗经》中,婚恋诗所占的篇幅颇丰,它们充分展现了先民们的婚约缔结过程:在《诗经》的时代,周礼所规定的婚姻“六礼”就已通行于贵族及平民阶层,但婚姻仪式又因社会阶级地位的不同而有所区别;周代主要的婚姻形式除以一夫一妻为标志的聘娶婚外,还有一夫多妻的媵妾婚、亡夫亲属收娶寡妇的收继婚和野合而婚;与此同时,《诗经》中又不乏弃妇诗,从这些诗篇出发可以分析先民婚姻的事实终结的部分原因,从而窥测整个周代婚姻形态的大端。

  8. Mr. Zhou Guidian's "Research on Dong Zhongshu" and Its Modern Value%周桂钿先生之"董仲舒研究"及现代价值



    Mr. Zhou Guidian, a master of the studies on the ideological history in Qin and Han Dynasties, holds an important academic position and influence in the field of academic, ideology and social science, and his great devotion and assiduous attitude to academic together with his philosophical spirit is looked up to. In the course of his study on Dong Zhongshu, Mr. Zhou defines Dong Zhongshu's philosophy for three times. Academic paradigm has great influences on Dong Zhongshu's historical position and evaluation. Mr. Zhou summarizes Dong Zhongshu's theoretical contribution as the great unification,the telepathy between heaven and man, and honouring Confucianism alone. Based on Confucius's "education after wealth" and the history of New China, he puts forwards "the theory of the three phases of national development". His "New Confucianism in the Han Dynasty" is basically equal to "Dong Zhongshu's Theory".%周桂钿先生是秦汉思想史及董仲舒哲学研究的大家,在学术界、思想界和社会科学界有着重要的学术地位和影响力,其潜心学术、孜孜不倦的学术态度及哲学精神令人钦敬.周先生在董仲舒研究的历程中,对董仲舒哲学进行了三次定性.学术范式对董仲舒历史地位及评价影响巨大.周先生对董仲舒的理论贡献归纳、总结为大一统论、天人感应、独尊儒术.由孔子"富而后教"出发,结合新中国历史,周先生总结了"国家发展三阶段论".周先生提出的"汉代新儒学"基本等同于"董学".

  9. The Sogdian Trade Caravan Traveled Between Liu Hu Zhou and LuoYang in Tang Dynasty%唐代六胡州、洛阳间的粟特商队



    The Liu Hu Zhou trade caravan is still at work on long distance trade in Tang Dynasty.Shi Zhou attracts the caravan to live there for its traffic hub position,economic hinterland superiority condition.The trade route starting from Liu Hu Zhou, passing Shi Zhou and finally arriving at Luo Yang is in a good condition to travel. Wu Ding River Valley, Fen River Valley, and the influx of husbandry, towns, and traffic have provided great convenience for long distant trade. Further, the image of caravan Zoroastrian gods comes from here.%唐代六胡州仍保持着经商的传统,从事着远程长途贸易。石州因着地理交通的便利,经济腹地的支撑,吸引了大量六胡州粟特商队前来定居,形成聚落。从六胡州出发,经石州水陆转运,通往洛阳的商路十分畅通,无定河谷、汾河谷道中,农牧业、城镇、交通的汇集,为远程商贸的展开提供了便利,骆驼祆神形象就诞生在这条路上。

  10. 浅析扬州二电厂60万kW机组不停电电源系统%A Brief Introduction to UPS of YangZhou NO. 2 Power Plant



    介绍了不停电电源(UPS)系统的配置、构成及其工作原理,针对扬州二电厂UPS系统做出了剖析。%This paper introduces configuration、 constructionand essential operating principle of UPS. And it analysis theUPS of YangZhou NO. 2 Power Plant.

  11. Talk about training of the clinical thinking from YANG Ji-zhou's medical records%从杨继洲医案看临床思维的培养

    夏晓红; 胡玲


    To probe into training of the clinical thinking of the students of modern acupuncture and moxibustion speciality, analyze YANG Ji-zhou's clinical thinking of acupuncture and moxibustion from YANG Ji-zhou's medical records in Zhenjiu Dacheng. Results indicate that YANG Ji-zhou's many points of view in clinical acupuncture and moxibustion still can enlighten the train of thought of later generations, suggesting that YANG Ji-zhou's clinical thinking is of an important practical significance for training of the clinical thinking of the students of the acupuncture and moxibustion speciality.%探讨对现代针灸专业学生临床思维的培养.从杨继洲医案入手,对杨继洲针灸临床思维进行分析.结果表明杨继洲在针灸临床方面的许多观点仍能启迪后学思路.说明杨继洲临床思维对针灸专业学生临床思维的培养具有重要的现实意义.

  12. 周作人自编文集的命名风格%The Naming Style of Zhou Zuoren' s Self-compiled Anthology



    周作人自编文集的命名风格主要有三点:一是简单,简单就是简要、真实和腴润;二是苦涩,苦涩是一种人生态度和审美追求;三是自然,自然是一种文学价值标准,含有平淡、天成的意蕴。%The naming style of Zhou Zuoren' s self-compiled anthology has three main points: First is simple which is short, truth and abundance; Second is bitter which is the life attitude towards and aesthetic pursuit ; Third is nature which is a literary values, with the meaning of fiat and naturalness.

  13. 广州市京溪污水处理厂工程造价分析%Project Cost Analysis of GuangZhou Jingxi Sewage Treatment Plant



    GuangZhou Jingxi sewage treatment plant is the first MBR sewage treatment plant which underground type is applied in China.The paper analyzes the underground type,MBR technology,related equipments and their effect on the project cost,to provide some reference for the construction and cost control of similar projects.%广州市京溪污水处理厂是国内首家地埋式MBR工艺污水处理厂。分析该污水处理厂地下式结构、MBR工艺、相关设备及其对工程造价的影响,为今后同类污水厂的建设与造价控制提供借鉴。

  14. Martin Saar kahe kunstimaailma vahel / Marian Kivila

    Kivila, Marian, 1985-


    Kunstnik Martin Saare, kelle näitus "Order and Chaos" ("Kord ja kaos") on 31. augustini 2011 avatud galeriis Vaal, loomingust. Samas intervjuus räägib New Yorgis elav kunstnik New Yorgi kunstimaailmast, oma karjäärist, loomingust, kunstieelistustest ja eesmärkidest

  15. Shared symbols; Muslims, Marian pilgrimage and gender

    Jansen, W.H.M.; Kühl, M.


    Despite the trend of secularization, pilgrimages to sacred sites flourish. Most of the pilgrims are women and the reasons for their visits often have to do with the dynamics of women's lives. Some of the pilgrims to sites dedicated to St Mary are Muslims. This is interesting in the present political

  16. Eripalgeline universum Polymeri kultuuritehases / Marian Kivila

    Kivila, Marian


    23. V toimunud rahvusvahelise tegevuskunstifestivali "Diverse Universe IV" performance''i-programmist Non Grata Kunstikonteineris Kultuuritehases Polymer. Sandra Jõgeva ja rühmituse Cnopt, rühmituse Non Grata, korealase Kim Baek-Ki ning sakslaste Micha Stegeri ja Andreas Stadleri, poolakate Marta Zioleki ja Agata Siniarska, ameeriklase Travis McCoy Fulleri, Russ Butleri (Bermuda), rühmituse HorseCow (Sacramento) performance'itest. Lühidalt Non Grata videonäitusest

  17. Eripalgeline universum Polymeri kultuuritehases / Marian Kivila

    Kivila, Marian


    23. V toimunud rahvusvahelise tegevuskunstifestivali "Diverse Universe IV" performance''i-programmist Non Grata Kunstikonteineris Kultuuritehases Polymer. Sandra Jõgeva ja rühmituse Cnopt, rühmituse Non Grata, korealase Kim Baek-Ki ning sakslaste Micha Stegeri ja Andreas Stadleri, poolakate Marta Zioleki ja Agata Siniarska, ameeriklase Travis McCoy Fulleri, Russ Butleri (Bermuda), rühmituse HorseCow (Sacramento) performance'itest. Lühidalt Non Grata videonäitusest

  18. MARIAN: Flexible Interoperability for Federated Digital Libraries


    Federated digital libraries are composed of distributed autonomous (heterogeneous) information services but provide users with a transparent, integrated view of collected information respecting different information sources' autonomy. In this paper we discuss a federated system for the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations (NDLTD), an international consortium of universities, libraries, and other supporting institutions focused on electronic theses and dissertations (ETDs). Th...

  19. Zhou Enlai's People to People Diplomatic Thoughts and Its Realistic Enlightenment%周恩来人民外交思想及其当代价值



    人民外交是公共外交的重要组成部分,是加强中国同世界各国人民的对话交流,推动中国同世界良性互动和共同发展的重要渠道。周恩来是新中国首倡人民外交的第一人,周恩来的人民外交思想内涵深刻、特色鲜明,内容丰富、自成体系,开创了中国外交的新风尚,具有重要的历史作用,对当代中国外交具有重要的借鉴和启示意义。%People to people diplomacy is an important part of public diplomacy.It is an significant chan-nel to strengthen the dialogue and exchanges between Chinese and people around the world,also to promote positive interaction and common development between China and the other countries.Zhou Enlai is the first person to propose the people to people diplomacy in new China.Zhou Enlai's people to people diplomatic thought contains profound connotations,distinctive features and rich content.It is a self-contained system.It has initiated a brand-new fashion in China's diplomacy and an important role in history.It also has important reference and enlightening significance to the contemporary China's di-plomacy.

  20. Zhou Bida’s Methodology of Commenting on Si Shi%周必大评苏的方法问题



    周必大作为南宋前期重要的政治家,在当时朝野推崇苏学的政治背景和学术氛围下,十分关注与敬重苏轼。他采用考证、点评、辨析等方法,对苏轼的生平事迹、道德文章进行了深入考察和客观评价,体现了作者独特的人品风范与学问见识。文章对这些问题进行了系统梳理和总结概括。周必大提供的不少今人未见的苏轼佚文线索,表明苏轼研究的文献收集整理等基础工作,还需要继续努力进行。%Zhou Bida is an important politician during the former period of the Southern Song Dynasty, who paid much attention to and respected Su Shi under the circumstances of the political background and a-cademic atmosphere in the court and commonalty. He used many methods to observe and critique Su Shi’s lifetime achievements and moral articles in depth, such as textual research, commenting and discrimination, embodying his great personality and academic achievements. This essay systematically analyzes and summa-rizes what have been mentioned above. Many of the leads that Zhou Bida provided for researches on Su Shi are quite precious, indicating that more efforts should be made to the fundamental work of collecting and restoring relevant literature.

  1. 周仲瑛教授临床应用苍耳草经验%Professor ZHOU Zhong-ying's clinical experience in using of Xanthium grass



    The clinical experience from ZHOU Zhong-ying in using Xanthium grass to treat with dozens of diseases was introduced .such as allergic rhinitis, asthma, rheumatoid arthritis, ulcerative colitis, henoch-schonlein purpura nephritis, neurodermitis, and so on.This experience was then analyzed, and showed that professor ZHOU using Xanthium grass not only stressed getting rid of restrictions of names of disease and basing on the flexibility of differential treatment, but also valued the principle of clear and rigorous indication.The indication is that: Xanthium grass can be used in the diseases that locaion is the lung and liver, features wind-heat, symptom pruritus, pathology irritability; while characteristic deficiency-cold, location inside should be cautious.%通过典型病例,分别介绍了周仲瑛教授应用苍耳草治疗过敏性鼻炎、哮喘、类风湿性关节炎、溃疡性结肠炎、紫癜性肾炎、神经性皮炎等病症的经验;然后对这些经验进行了总结分析,指出周教授临床应用苍耳草,既强调不拘病名、辨证论治的灵活性,又重视指征明确、不能随意的原则性.其应用苍耳草的指征是:病位在肺肝,病性属风热,病症为瘙痒,病理为过敏.而病性属虚、属寒,病位在里者则当慎用.

  2. Analysis of professor ZHOU Ming-xin's treatment strategies about amenorrhea%周铭心教授辨治闭经方略分析

    伍镝; 周铭心


    周铭心教授是国家级名老中医,中医临床经验丰富.周教授认识到闭经基本病机可分为血虚及血瘀两端,郁火积热也是闭经的另一重要病机,因病情的复杂性,临证需辨证认识虚瘀的关系;在治疗方法上通过“达冲”、“注冲”两种方法有层次的安排,观察病情“应”与“不应”,再采取相应的“达冲”与“注冲”的治疗方法;在用药方面,根据既往经验预先配伍治疗闭经有效的单元药组,临证时根据病情变化将这些单元药组联缀组方.策略得当,疗效满意.%Professor ZHOU Ming-xin is a prominent doctors of traditional Chinese medicine with rich clinical experience. Professor Zhou recognizes basic pathogenesis of amenorrhea can be divided into two sides: blood deficiency and blood stasis, in addition stagnated fire is also another important pathogenesis of amenorrhea. Due to complexity of disease, it is necessary to dialectical understand of the relationship of blood deficiency and blood stasis. Through the two treatment methods of ' Dredging Chong Vessel' and ' Irrigating Chong Vessel' with arrangement in sequence, disease improvement can be observed, then according to the result of observation, the two treatment methods above can be further used. Effective unit medicine groups, based on previous experience in treatment of amenorrhea, are connected and form TCM Prescription according to disease changes, the proper strategy curatives effect satisfaction.

  3. The Spirit of Game in Le Petit Nicolas%浅析电影《小淘气尼古拉》的游戏精神



    儿童电影中的游戏精神不仅具有通过儿童游戏外部特征传达出的娱乐、审美、认知、安抚、治愈等诸多的愿望,同时具有电影艺术独特的美感。电影《小淘气尼古拉》的人物形象顽皮机智,情节设计荒诞离奇,环境营造和谐自然。这些具有游戏精神的特点满足了现实生活中儿童游戏天性的需要,让他们在观赏影片时获得愉悦、启发和满足。%The spirit of the game in children's movies can convey not only a lot of wishes such as amusement,aesthetics,cognition,ap-peasement and healing etc.through the external features of the game but also the special sense of beauty about the movie arts.The images in Le Petit Nicolas are naughty and smart with the fantastic plot and harmonious surroundings.The characteristics full of the spirit of game meet the needs of the children's nature of the game and give them pleasure,enlightenment and satisfaction when appreciating the movie.

  4. 充满魅力的中国市场——对话SIAL集团全球CEO Nicolas TRENTESAUX




  5. The Family of Sima Chuzhi in Northern Wei and Zhou Dynasties%北魏初至北周中的司马楚之家族兴替



    北魏初期,司马楚之凭借个人才能及其与鲜卑贵族、皇室的姻亲关系,父子得以世袭王爵,担任云中镇大将、朔州刺史的要职。孝文帝时期,司马楚之家族世袭要职的特权被取消,爵位亦例降为公。司马悦为重振家族,改变了以往的姻亲关系,开始与汉族大族联姻,以抬高家族的地位。北魏末,司马裔归顺西魏(北周)政权,依靠乡里、宗族的势力,屡立功勋,从而受到统治者的宠信,然关东豪族的身份使司马裔最终未能进入西魏(北周)的政权核心或政治中心地区任职。%In the early Northern Wei Dynasty, Sima chuzhi obtained three generations hereditary positions and prince titles by virtue of personal competency and affinity of Xianbei nobles and the Royal. In the period of Emperor Xiaowen, the hereditary post of privilege was cancelled, and the title down to duke. To revitalize the family, Simayue changed the past affinity and started with Han nationality’s marriage in order to boost family status .At the end of the Northern Wei Dynasty, Simayi surrendered to the west (the northern Zhou) regime and was trusted by the rulers relying on the village and clan forces and effectiveness. As local tyrant of Guandong, Sima Yi didn’t hold a post at the West Wei Dynasty’s (the West Zhou Dynasty’s) the core of the regime or in political center areas.

  6. 论西周青铜器与铭文的文化功能%Cultural Functions of the Bronzeware and Inscriptions of the Western Zhou Dynasty

    刘全志; 聂小雪


    The bronzeware of the Western Zhou Dynasty was a product of the ritual system, so its shape, decoration and arrangement are symbols of the established ritual system. The so-called"embodiment of rituals by bronzeware"means that the bronzeware could perform important ritual functions from all aspects. Making cauldrons was undoubtedly intended to show rituals. The emperors cast bronzeware to communicate with Heaven and Earth and receive divine decrees;and the dukes and ministers did so to pray happiness for future generations by offering sacrifices to their ancestors. Their actions could also be regarded as a display of power and regulation of order. Bronzeware was the carrier of ritual music of the Western Zhou;the system of bronzeware often stood for the ritual system;and the bronze concepts also represented ritual concepts.%西周青铜器是礼乐制度的产物,因此它的形制、纹饰乃至排列组合都昭示着既定的礼乐制度,所谓“器以藏礼”指的就是青铜器能从各方面展示出礼乐规范的重要功能,“铸鼎象物”无疑就是“铸鼎显礼”“铸器以显礼”。天子铸器以沟通天地、承接天命,而公侯大夫铸器无疑也是通过祭祀向祖先祈福,以保佑后世子孙,其背后的意义同样也起着展示权力、规范秩序的重要功能。青铜器是西周制礼作乐的载体,青铜制度往往就是礼乐制度,青铜观念往往就代表着礼乐观念。

  7. Experience of Zhou Wenquan in treating Hyperhidrosis using Chaihu Longmu Tang and Ganmai Dazao Tang%周文泉运用柴胡龙牡汤合甘麦大枣汤治疗多汗证经验

    李岩; 周文泉


    Doctor Zhou Wenquan is one of the nation recognized famous veteran TCMdoctor.He has plenty of clinical experience,espe-cially known for distinctive use of TCMformulas and medicines.Doctor Zhou is good at treating hyperhidrosis using Chaihu Longmu Tang and Ganmai Dazao Tang,which regulates qi activity and harmonize yin and yang.%周文泉教授是第四、五批全国老中医药专家学术经验继承工作指导老师,从医50年,积累了丰富的临床经验,尤其在遣方用药方面,独具匠心。周师运用柴胡龙牡汤合甘麦大枣汤调整阴阳,调和气机,治疗多汗证,取得了良好的疗效。

  8. 冲突与悖论中的人性展示:周朴园形象论析%The Show of Human Nature in Conflict and Paradox:Analysis of ZhouPuyuan’s Image



    周朴园扭曲变态的人性导致了《雷雨》的悲剧。论文通过对周朴园形象的分析,展示他冲突与悖论中的扭曲人性,探索来自社会家庭、自身角色的冲突、以及生存本身对人性的影响,从而发现其人性扭曲的悲剧根源。%Zhou Puyuan’s distorted human nature lead to the tragedy of Thunderstorm .This paper through the analysis of ZhouPuyuan’s image, show the distorted human nature in conflict and paradox .to explore the influence to human nature from the social、 family and the conflict of their differ-ent roles, and survival itself , and discover the tragedy’s root of distorted human nature .

  9. Excavation on the Western Zhou Site at Yandun in Liu'an City, Anhui%安徽六安市堰墩西周遗址发掘简报

    安徽省文物考古研究所; 六安市文物管理所


    The Yandun site lies at Yandun Village of Sanshipu Town in Liu'an City, Anhui Province, and was a terraced settlement within the district of the watershed between the Yangtze and Huihe rivers at the eastern foot of Dabie Mountain. It has deep deposits with pure cultural contents and constitutes a typical village remains of the Western Zhou period. In the extensive area of excavation,totaling about 900 sq m, ash-pits and tombs were discovered along with numerous vestiges related to buildings. Among the abundant objects unearthed are pottery, proto-porcelain, hard pottery with impressed design, bronzes, and stone, bone and shell artifacts. The discovery of the site has great value to the deep-going study of the features of the Western Zhou period archaeological culture in the Yangtze and Huihe valley within the Anhui region.

  10. 周德生教授治疗帕金森病开关现象的临床经验总结%Professor Zhou Desheng's clinical experience in the treatment of Parkinson's disease "switch phenomenon"

    丁瑞丛; 胡华; 袁雅洁; 李中


    主要介绍周德生教授对帕金森病开关现象的中医认识,以及辨证治疗帕金森病开关现象的临床经验。%This paper mainly introduces the understanding of Chinese medicine Professor Zhou Desheng on Parkinson's disease switch phenomenon ,and the clinical experience of syndrome differentiation and treatment of Parkinson disease switch phenomenon .

  11. Exploration on the Phenomenon of Human Sacrifice-Rising in Shang Dynasty and Declining in Zhou Dynasty%人祭习俗商盛周衰原因新探



    商代盛行的巫术观念是人祭广泛实行的思想根据;异族间文化冲突所引起的种族仇恨,使得商人大量杀害异族以祭祀神灵,是人祭习俗在商代盛行的现实根据。人祭习俗在周代呈现衰败的趋势,这一方面是由于先周时期,周人本无人祭习俗;另一方面是由于商末周初,周人进行思想文化大变革,提出"敬德保民"的口号,人的地位得到抬高。%That human sacrifice was popular in Shang Dynasty was firstly because Shang was a time at which the witchcraft were exceedingly worshipped-in everything.Secondly,The cultural conflict,racial hatred and the killing of other racial people have made human sacrifice a practical need at the time.That human sacrifice declined in Zhou Dynasty was firstly because the early period of Zhou didn't have any custom of human sacrifice.Secondly,in the early of Zhou and the end of Yin Dynasty,the Zhou people's thinking and culture have had a dramatic change: "We respect Gods,but we also need to be aware of people's needs";it caused the Person's status had improved.

  12. 西周金文构形特征探析%Structural Features of Inscriptions on Ancient Bronze Objects in Western Zhou Dynasty



    西周金文处于汉字体系的形成和发展时期。西周铜器铭文中图形文字向方块字体转变,偏旁部首增加并趋于成熟,汉字形体结构日益完善,形声结构迅速增长。对西周金文构形特征的考察能够深入了解文字发展变化的过程,从而有助于探求汉字的发展变化规律。%The inscriptions on ancient bronze objects in the Western Zhou Dynasty appeared in the times when Chinese character system formed and developed. In the inscriptions on bronze, the pictographic scripts changed to be square -shaped characters, character components increased and perfected, the form and structure were further perfect and the number of inscriptions rapidly increased. To investigate the structural features of inscriptions on ancient bronze objects will help deepen the understanding of the evolution of Chinese characters.

  13. Parentage determination of an isolated Yangtze finless porpoise population Neophocaena phocaenoides asiaeorientalis in the Yangtze Tian-e-Zhou Baiji National Natural Reserve based on molecular data

    XIA Junhong; ZHENG Jinsong; XU Limei; WANG Ding


    Reproductive behaviors are poorly known for the Yangtze finless porpoise Neophocaena phocaenoides asiaeorientalis. In this study, the parentage of an isolated Yangtze finless porpoise population inhabiting the Yangtze Tian-e-Zhou Baiji National Natural Reserve is determined by analysis of microsatellite loci and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) control region sequences, and the porpoise's reproductive behaviors are studied. Overall 4 full parentage assignments and additional 3 single parentage assignments were determined for the population of 23 individuals. The analysis shows that their estimated reproductive cycle is shorter than that reported previously and there probably exists an overlapping between gestation and lactation period. The study also shows that the female does not show fidelity to a particular male for breeding and vice versa, the oldest males did not monopolize mating and the dominance rank could not be so strict for the porpoise society. Moreover, the porpoise's mating pattern and relatedness among candidate parents are discussed here. These results provide important information for making guidelines of management and conservation for this protected population.

  14. The modern transformation of Shanghai from Zhou Xuan music%从周璇音乐看上海的近代变迁



    音乐不仅展现了音乐创造者、演奏者和欣赏者的思想内容和精神情怀,而且还深刻地反映了音乐存在的时空特点,是时代变迁的一种反映形式。周璇音乐是近代上海音乐的突出代表,其主演的诸多歌唱片和演唱的歌曲集中反映了上海的近代变迁,其现实主义的表现形式更为今天的艺术表演提供了保贵的借鉴。%The music not only demonstrates the ideological content and the spiritual mood of music creators, performers and the audience, but also profoundly reflects the spatial and temporal characteristics of the existence of music, is a reflection of changing times. Zhou Xuan's music is a prominent representative of modern Shanghai music, many songs reflects the modern transformation of Shanghai, provides the reference for today's art show.

  15. 中国第一部近代宪法-《鄂州约法》%The First Constitution in History of Modern China: E Zhou Provisional Constitution



    《鄂州临时约法》是民国时期湖北军政府制定的中国历史上第一个资产阶级近代民权宪法草案,它的人民立宪思想、民主立宪程序和突出的人权法案内容,为中国近代立宪主义树立了一个样板,在中国宪政史上居于开创性的历史地位。%"E Zhou Provisional constitution of the Republic of China" which was drawn by the Hubei Military Government of the Republic of China, is the first draft of modern constitution in the history of China. Its democratic ideology and procedure of constitutionalism, and its outstanding contents on human rights, had stood a magnificent model for the model of the modern constitutionalism in China. It holds an initiative position in the history of Chinese constitutional government.

  16. 略论商周俯身葬及其相关问题%On the Prone Burial and Related Issues of the Shang and Zhou Dynasties



    俯身葬是殷商墓葬中一种正常的埋葬方式,但在西周时期却急剧减少,且分布地域较为集中,墓主身份亦较低。这种变化状况与商周文化的差异有关,应是王朝更替之后所导致的文化变迁的反映。从西周俯身葬的情况来看,殷遗民入周后在政治、经济和宗教观念方面都受到了一定的冲击,他们在逐渐放弃一些固有的礼俗。%Prone burials were common in the late Shang Dynasty, but sharply declined in the Western Zhou Dynasty, with graves concentrated in certain areas and owned by people from low social class. The popularity of prone burials changing from the Shang Dynasty to

  17. Discussion on the Ideas of the Construction of Ethics of China Sports from Ethical Culture of Zhou and Qin Dynasties%从周秦伦理文化谈中国体育伦理构建思路



    The ethical culture of Zhou and Qin Dynasties is the core based on ritual culture of Zhou Dynasty, the assistance based on legal culture of Qin Dynasty and a kind of cultural form combining with ritual and legislation. The research on the ethical culture of Zhou and Qin Dynasties' function and significance to the construction of ethics of China sports was delved deeply, and the basic content and principle of the construction of ethics of China sports was put forward from macroscopic viewpoint.%周秦伦理文化是以周的礼文化为核心,以秦的法文化为辅助的,礼法相结合的一种文化形态.本研究深入挖掘周秦伦理文化对于中国体育伦理构建的作用和意义,并从宏观上提出中国体育伦理构建的基本内容和基本原则.

  18. 从《诗经》饮酒诗看周代的酒礼及酒德%Drinking Etiquette and Drinking Manner of the Zhou Dynasty from Drinking Poetry of The Book of Songs



    周代是我国造酒生产发展的重要时期,酒在人们的政治生活和宗教活动中的作用十分重要。《诗经》中有许多作品表现了周代的酿酒、饮酒等活动,这些诗篇的主旨反映出隆礼、重德的文化精神。其中“祭祀诗”反映出酒与周人宗教生活的关系,酒是沟通天人关系的重要媒体;“宴飨诗”直接描写王室贵族的饮宴活动,体现宗族团结、敦结亲情的礼义之道;“农事诗”表现周代春祈秋报的祭祀礼仪,以及酒的生产和使用情况;“谏酒诗”是对饮酒活动的规谏,体现周代酒德观念对生活和行事的约束作用。%the Zhou dynasty was an important period of liquor production development in China,the role of wine in the people’s political life and religious activities is very important.The Book of Songs has many works of Zhou dynasty wine,alcohol and other activities,purpose of these poems reflect the cultural spirit of moral value.The “ritual poem”reflects the relationship between wine and religious life of Zhou dynasty,the wine is an important communication media between man and nature.“Banquets directly depict the royal fami-lies of drinking poetry”,embodies clan unity and affection.“The ritual performance of Zhou dynasty impera-tive autumn spring agricultural production of poetry”,and wine production and use of“exhortation poetry”is for drinking activities against,embody restraint Zhou dynasty morality idea to live and act.

  19. Between Learning and Thought:Zhou Zuoren’ s Acceptance of Cultural Anthropology%在学术与思想之间:周作人对文化人类学的接受



    In Zhou Zuoren’ s structure of knowledge, cultural anthropology plays a quite important role. During his study in Japan, Zhou Zuoren came into contact with Greek mythology, from which he showed an in-terest in cultural anthropology.As an intellectual of enlightenment, Zhou Zuoren’ s acceptance of cultural an-thropology not only stemmed from academic appeals, but also from the deeper reason of thought.On the for-mer, cultural anthropology provided Zhou with theoretical resources for understanding fairy tales and for explo-ration of literary origin; in terms of the latter, cultural anthropology is both an instrument for him to dissect China’ s chronic social illnesses and a resource to resolve the problems about children.Reviewing the relation-ship between Zhou Zuoren and cultural anthropology can reflect how cultural anthropology was connected with learning and thought before and after the May 4th movement at the beginning of its spread in China.%在周作人的知识结构中,文化人类学占有十分重要的地位。留学日本期间,周作人接触到希腊神话,又因希腊神话对文化人类学产生兴趣。作为启蒙知识分子,周作人对文化人类学的接受不仅有着学术上的诉求,而且有着更深的思想因由。就前者而言,文化人类学为周作人解读童话故事、探究文学起源提供了理论资源;就后者而言,文化人类学既是周作人解剖中国社会痼疾的工具,也是解决儿童问题的主要依凭。对于周作人与文化人类学关系的梳理,可以反映出文化人类学知识在中国传播之初,如何与“五四”前后的学术、思想相勾连。

  20. The Witchcraft of Praying for Rain of the Sorceress in Shang and Zhou Dynasties%商周时期女巫祈雨巫术研究



    在以农耕生产为经济支柱且生产力不够发达的商周社会,风调雨顺往往意味着农业的丰收、人民生活的安康乃至国家政权的稳定,因此,祈雨禳灾成为当时最重要的宗教活动之一。商周时期的女巫在两大祈雨仪式雩祀和燎祭中发挥了十分重要的作用,但祈雨仪式中她们并不处于垄断地位,无论是女巫本身还是她们的祈雨巫术,都是可以被君主替代的。%The ceremony of praying for rain to eliminate the disaster has become one of the most impor‐tant religious activities because the rich rain often lead to the agricultural harvest and the stable life 、solid state power in Shang and Zhou Dynasties when is the farming production as the pillar of the economy and without advanced productivity .Sorceress play a very important role in the two rain praying ceremonies“Dancing Sacrifice” and“Fire Sacrifice”but without a monopoly position for the reasons that they can be replaced by monarch both themselves and their rain witchcraft .

  1. GuangZhou Comprehensive Transportation Development Strategy (2010-2020)%广州市综合交通发展战略(2010-2020)



    Being a national major city, GuangZhou needs to establish its comprehensive transportation development strategies.By introducing the regional transportation structure, traffic demand and supply in the urban areas, public transportation competitiveness, and traffic management system, this paper outlines the characteristics of urban traffic patterns and discusses the opportunities and challenges facing the city from the perspective of central district development and public transit service. Two key policies are developed emphasizing public transit and transportation infrastructure under the sustainable transportation development guidance for a sharing, efficient, green, and equality system. The paper proposes a transportation development strategy with concrete details that focus on integration, differentiation, collectiveness, and refinement.%为加快打造国家中心城市,广州市亟须制定相应的综合交通发展战略.从区域交通运输结构、城市交通供需态势、公共交通竞争力、交通管理机制四方面阐述了城市交通特征.重点从强化区域中心地位和建设现代公交都市角度分析了广州市城市交通面临的机遇与挑战.在构建"共享、畅达、绿色、公平"的和谐交通体系战略目标指引下,制定了交通设施引领和公共交通优先两大核心政策,并提出一体化、差异化、集约化和精细化四大交通战略及其具体内容.

  2. Indoor breeding Zhou Tetrastichus white moth pupation (former) cryopreservation of%室内繁育白蛾周氏啮小蜂化蛹(前)低温保存的探讨

    钮效东; 刘发邦; 王绍文; 冯敬奎; 谢广科; 李增磊; 谭翠朋


    Zhou Nie small white moth colony set in the fall webworm pupae in parasitic, their eggs, larvae, pupae and eggs are in the early pupa inside the host spent. In nature, the mature larvae overwinter in the host pupa. After many years of research we learned that the local white moth Zhou Tetrastichus developmental threshold temperature: 6.28℃ (6.28 ± 0.60) effective temperature is: 365.12 day--degrees (365.12 ± 15.56). Zhou Tetrastichus white moth pupation (front), 6 degrees of cold storage in the next, after 30 days; a bee on the effective temperature of 436.6 degrees.%白蛾周氏啮小蜂群集内寄生于美国白蛾蛹中,其卵、幼虫、蛹及产卵前期均在寄主蛹内度过。在自然界中,以老熟幼虫在寄主蛹内越冬。作者经多年研究得知,在当地白蛾周氏啮小蜂发育起点温度是:6.28℃(6.28±0.60);有效积温是:365.12日度(365.12±15.56)。白蛾周氏啮小蜂化蛹(前),在6℃的低温保存下,历经30天的时间;出蜂的有效积温为436.6日度。

  3. 军事地理环境与北宋时期秦州经济的发展特点%The Military Geographical Enviroment and The Economic Development Characteristics of Qin Zhou in Northern Song Dynasty



    The natural environment and the inhabited of ethnic minorities made the development of farming, forestry and animal husbandry in Qin Zhou During the Northern Song Dynasty, which made it became rich and populous areas in northwest china. However, The economic development in Qin Zhou was influenced by military geographic environments and many complex elements, presented its special characteristics: on the one hand ,the continuous invading by Tibetan and Xixia restrained the economic development of Qin Zhou. A large number trees was cut that broken the forest resource. Where Cultivated Land weaken the animal husbandry development .on the other hand, The soldiers and civilians in the area resettlement dynasty putting the exploited and the utihzed to the uncultivated land. The Officer and private trade made the areas appeared the sights of business prosperous.%北宋时期的秦州,自然环境、民族聚居使其农林牧业发达,成为西北富庶之地。然而,受军事地理环境诸多复杂因素的影响,秦州经济又呈现出自己的特点:一方面,吐蕃诸族和西夏的侵扰,抑制了秦州农业的可持续发展,大量采伐破坏了秦州的林木资源,土地的开垦削弱了畜牧业;另一方面,军民屯田使秦州的荒闲土地得到了开发和利用,官私贸易使秦州的商业一派繁荣景象,大量驻军使秦州酿酒业极其发达。

  4. Application of ERS in the Archaeological Prospecting of the Eastern Zhou City-site at Shangqiu%高密度电阻率法在商丘东周城址考古勘探中的应用

    高立兵; 阎永利; 底青云; 王若


    In the Shangqiu area, the Sino-Americal Colleborative Archaeological Team has carried out a series of researches on archaeological prospecting. In the spring of 1997, important achievements were obtained in the exploration of the Eastern Zhou city-site southwest of the seat of Shangqiu County by using ERS. In combination with voluminous documents, the present paper introduces this method as to its development, application in archaeology, apparatus equipment, data gathering and inversion imaging. Through studies it can be concluded that ERS has shown its effectiveness for prospecting rammed-ear thstructures in the sedimentary circumstances of the Shangqiu area. But at present its role in archaeological survey is still limited.

  5. 河南偃师商城18号东周墓%Tomb No. 18 of the Eastern Zhou Period on the Shang City-site in Yanshi, Henan



    In 1996, the Second Henan Archaeological Team, IA, CASS, excavated a tomb of the Eastern Zhou period in the northeast of the Shang city-site in Yanshi. The tomb is a rectangular earthen pit and features erected stakes around the pit. The wooden coffin contains a human skeleton in a flexed supine position. The funeral objects fall into two categories: pottery vessels and wooden ones. The former numbers six; and the latter, 13, poorer in condition. The tomb dates from the Spring-and-Autumn period and may be cultural remains of the "Shi clan." Its discovery has certain significance to studying the date and nature of the Shang city in Yanshi.

  6. André Baudrit. Bétail humain, la traite des femmes et des enfants en Indochine et en Chine du Sud, suivi de onze documents sur l’esclavage (1860-1940, Nicolas Lainez et Pierre Le Roux

    Isabelle Tracol-Huynh


    Full Text Available L’ensemble des articles constituant ce livre sont parus pour la première fois en 1941 sous le titre « La Femme et l’enfant dans l’Indochine française et dans la Chine du Sud (rapt – vente – infanticide » dans le Bulletin de la Société des études indochinoises (Sài Gòn. La première édition regroupée en un ouvrage est publiée en 1943 aux éditions de la Société des Imprimeries et Librairies Indochinoises (Sài Gòn et sera rééditée deux ans plus tard.Nicolas Lainez, doctorant en anthropologie à...

  7. KINESIOLOGY- THE SCIENCE OF MOVEMENT in Relation to Education, Hygiene and Therapy. A piece of the legacy of Nicolas Dally (1795-1862 for contemporary kinesiology scholars and professionals

    Franjo Prot


    Full Text Available Kinesiology has recently gained full worldwide credibility as an academic discipline in the field of human movement and exercise practice in the area of education, sport, recreation and kinesitherapy, becoming a proper denominator for the field of sport or exercise science. It seems almost compulsory that on the occasion of the introduction of the first issue of Annales Kinesiologiae, a new scientific journal in the field, to remember and speak about Nicolas Dally and his work. In this paper a short biography of the forefather of KINESIOLOGY, or CINÉSIOLOGIE, will be presented as well as how Dally introduced the term and the concept in his book from 1857. It is presented and integrated with some newly available illustrative material. Dally’s bibliography based on resources of worldwide relevant library catalogues is added to the references.

  8. Zhou Rudeng’s Edits on the History of Heart-Mind SchooI%周汝登对“心学之史”的编撰



    It is necessary to edit the history of Heart-Mind School ( Xin-Xue) during the Wanli period of Ming Dynasty for the orthodoxy problem faced by Wang School.Zhou Rudeng did a lot of contributions in this aspect, including writing Wang Men Zong Zhi, Sheng Xue Zong Chuan, and Cheng Men Wei Zhi.Wang Men Zong Zhi ensured the orthodox position of Wang Ji in Wang School;Sheng Xue Zong Chuan guaranteed the orthodox position of Wang School of this kind in the Confucian tradition;while Cheng Men Wei Zhi discussed the position of Cheng Brothers in the orthodox genealogy.In fact, these three works show us a history of the Heart-Mind School characterized by emphasizing both xin ( heart-mind) and shi ( history) in light of the or-thodox perspective.%明代王学发展至万历时期,必须面对儒家道统地位的问题,作为道统叙事形式的“心学之史”之编撰因此十分必要。王学学者周汝登为此作出了不遗余力的努力,其中包括《王门宗旨》《圣学宗传》以及《程门微旨》等篇幅大小不一的著述。《王门宗旨》树立王畿一系学说思想在王门中的正统地位,而《圣学宗传》主要树立起这样的“王学”在儒学中的正统地位,《程门微旨》则是对正统谱系中如何安置“二程”的一个重要的补充说明。现在前人零散且不充分的研究基础上,具体而细致地考察这三部书的编撰理路及其功用、效果等,由此展示王门心学道统观之下的“心学之史”的心、史并重和交融的特色。

  9. Farming of Guanzhong in Zhou Royal Period Evidenced in The Book of Songs%《诗经》所见周秦关中农事

    陈正奇; 高谨


    《诗经》是我国第一部诗歌总集,从各个方面描绘了西周至春秋时期的社会和生活状况。其中,农事诗占有重要地位,它涉及到农业生产的各个方面,既有认识层面的问题,也有操作层面的问题。但由于年代久远,加之资料有限,很多问题至今仍存争议。诸如农事发端,农作物名称的变化,粟、稷、禾、黍究竟指的是什么;再如生产工具的变迁,耒和耜是不是同一种生产农具;耦耕是怎样一种耕作方式等。文章仅就上述问题,作物品种类属,生产工具类别,耕作方法的种类作以论述,以求对见诸《诗经》的关中农业有一表象的认识。%The Book of Songs (Shijing) is the first collection of poetry in China ,which offers a panoramic depiction of life and society of the Zhou and the Periods of Spring and Autumn .One impressive aspect of the poems is the emphasis on farming life ,the accounts of w hich concern both the notions and the opera‐tions of farming .Up till now ,due to the long span of time and the limited availability of references ,there still remain many disputable issues in terms of the beginning of farming ,the changes in naming crops ,the exact referents by the w ords“su ,ji ,he ,shu” ,the evolutions of farming tools ,such as the identification of “lai”and“lü” ,and the method by“ougeng” .Ours is an attempt to address the above-mentioned issues in terms of classification of crops ,farming tools ,tillage methods as evidenced in T he Book of Songs .

  10. Découverte à Paris d’un plafond peint à décor de singeries attribué à Claude III Audran, Antoine Watteau et Nicolas Lancret

    Christelle Inizan


    Full Text Available La récente découverte d’un plafond peint à décor de singeries est venue enrichir notre connaissance de l’art décoratif parisien de la fin du règne de Louis XIV. L’étude de cette œuvre de grande qualité artistique, admirablement conservée, bien que modeste de proportion, a permis d’identifier deux des peintres : Claude III Audran et Antoine Watteau, et de proposer une troisième main : Nicolas Lancret. La date avancée de 1713 éclaire d’un jour nouveau la période de collaboration de ces artistes et replace cette réalisation décorative dans le contexte politique, culturel et artistique du quartier Saint-Germain, deux ans avant la Régence.The recent discovery of a rare ceiling painting in the way of the « décor de singeries » has enriched our knowledge of the ornemental Parisian art dating of the end of the Louis XIV’s reign. The study of this work, with great artistic quality, perfectly perserved, though modestly sized, allows us to identify two of the painters: Claude III Audran and Antoine Watteau; and enables us to put forward a third hand: Nicolas Lancret. The suggested date of 1713 provides us with a new theory on the period of theses artistes’ collaboration and replaces this decorative creation in the political, artistic and cultural context of Saint-Germain’s district, two years before Regence.

  11. Maestro di Pico i iluminacije u inkunabuli De Civitate Dei (Nicolas Jenson, Venecija, 1475. u samostanu Sv. Duje u Kraju na Pašmanu

    Bojan Goja


    Full Text Available U franjevačkom samostanu Sv. Duje u Kraju na otoku Pašmanu čuva se inkunabula „O državi Božjoj“ (De Civitate Dei Sv. Aurelija Augustina koju je 1475. godine u Veneciji tiskao Nicolas Jenson. Inkunabula je na f. 17 (kako je naknadno označena paginacija grafitnom olovkom, tj. stranici incipita – liber primus kao i na više drugih stranica ukrašena lijepim višebojnim iluminacijama renesansnih stilskih karakteristika izrađenih temperom, zlatnim listićima, zlatnim prahom, sepijom, tintom i akvarelom. Iluminacije f. 17 sastoje se od dva fitomorfna inicijala, dekorativnog okvira i slobodnih figurativnih prizora tj. minijatura, dok su pojedine druge stranice ukrašene fitomorfnim i brojnim inicijala tipa littera notabilior visine dva retka izrađenima u crvenoj ili plavoj boji. Dekorativni ornamentirani okvir zaključen trolistima ispunjava gornju i lijevu marginu početne stranice. Osnovu dekoracije čini traka sastavljena od pet tankih linija koja se spiralno povija i tvori kružnice koje su ispunjene cvjetovima, listovima i bobicama u plavoj i zelenoj boji i boji ciklame te stiliziranim zlatnim cvjetovima čička (lat. Arctium lappa; pojedini autori nazivaju ove ukrasne motive bottoni dorati ili gold dots. U gornjem lijevom uglu okvira naslikan je češljugar. Na mjestu gdje započinje tekst lijevog stupca naslikan je unutar pravokutnog polja na zlatnoj pozadini inicijal „I“ sastavljen od fitomorfnih motiva plave, zelene i boje ciklame s osjenčanjima u različitim nijansama. Unutar dekorativnog okvira, na sredini visine inicijala, nalazi se medaljon unutar kojeg je naslikano poprsje Sv. Aurelija Augustina. Dekorativni ornamentirani okvir koji ispunjava gornju marginu ukrašen je na isti način kao i onaj uz desnu ali skromnije. Ime tiskara dodatno je naznačeno tako da je sa gornje i donje strane okvira ukrašeno sa po jednim stiliziranim zlatnim cvijetom čička sa gornje i češljugovine (lat. Dipsacus fullonum sa donje strane

  12. 周文泉运用当归六黄汤治疗多汗证经验%Experience of ZHOU Wen-quan in treating hyperhidrosis by using Danggui Liuhuang Tang

    张晋; 辛莉


    周文泉教授是第4批全国老中医药专家学术继承指导老师,从医40余年,对老年病治验颇丰,尤其在遣方用药方面,独具匠心,辨析周师活用当归六黄汤治疗多汗证,灵活运用泻火、固表、滋阴3方面药物,将主治阴虚盗汗名方,广泛应用于暑湿、气虚多汗证,取得了较好的疗效.%Professor ZHOU Wen-quan is famous veteran expert in TCM. He has plenty of experience and notable curative effect in treating senile diseases, especially in distinctively using formulas and Chinese herbal medicine. This article analysis how professor ZHOU to use Dang Gui Liu Huang Tang in treating hyperhidrosis, which not only in yin-deficiency syndrome night sweat as usual, but also in summer-heat and dampness syndrome sweet, qi-deficiency syndrome spontaneous sweat and the efficiency is good.

  13. 周仲瑛教授防治病毒感染性疾病学术思想探析(二)%On Academic Thought of Professor ZHOU Zhong-ying About Preventing and Treating Virus-infected Disease Ⅱ

    郭立中; 金妙文; 王志英; 周学平; 叶放; 朱垚; 金路; 李柳


    国医大师周仲瑛教授根据传染性非典型肺炎(SARS)具有潜伏期、病情重、传变快、成年人多发等特点,认为该病是先有伏毒在肺,后因新感而引发,并按三焦传变分为早、中、极、恢复期等4期进行辨治.对甲型H1N1流感的预防,周老提出重在芳香宣透、辟秽化浊,并分为大众及密切接触者2个层次,分别采用中药香囊及汤剂区别对待.%According to the characteristics of Severe acute respiratory syndromes (SARS) like incubation period, heavy condition, fast progressing and adult attack, Professor ZHOU Zhong-ying holds the opinion that it is due to latent pathogens in lung, caused by new exopathogenic invasion, and develops through triple energizers. He diagnoses this disease according to early, intermediate, advanced and recovery stages. For the prevention of Pandemic influenza A (N1H1), Professor ZHOU Zhong-ying lays emphasis on removing dampness and regulating qi with fragrant herbs. Meanwhile, the public and close contacts are treated with TCM sachet and decoction respectively.

  14. Zhou Zuo-ren's View on Nature and The Literary Mind and Carving of Dragons%周作人的“自然”观与《文心雕龙》



    "自然"在周作人的文学批评中占据着核心位置。它既是对以《文心雕龙》为代表的传统文论的继承,又经过了具有现代意义和个性的改造。文章旨在厘清二者之间既有相同之处,又存在显著差异的复杂关系,阐明现代文学批评与传统文论之间割舍不断的历史连续性。%"Nature"occupies a core position in Zhou Zuo-ren's literary criticism.It is the succession of traditional literary theory represented by The Literary Mind and Carving of Dragons,also refined by Zhou Zuo-ren.This paper aims to clear up the complex relation

  15. 周作人《过去的生命》中“人的文学”观的体现%On the Ideas of“Human Literature” in Zhou Zuo-ren’s The Past Li f e



    在“五四”文学革命期间,周作人提出了“人的文学”的重要文学命题,与此同时,周作人还创作了诗集《过去的生命》中的诗歌。《过去的生命》主要体现了周作人“人的文学”观中的三方面重要内容:“人道主义为本”、“个人主义的人间本位主义”、“求生意志”和“求胜意志”。%During the literary revolution of May Fourth Movement ,Zhou Zuo-ren proposed an im-portant literary proposition ,i e. .“human literature” .Meanwhile ,Zhou created his poems collected in The Past Life .This collection mainly embodies three important aspects in Zhou’s ideas of“human lit-erature” ,i e. .“with humanitarianism first” ,“worldly selfish departmentalism out of individualism” ,“survival will” and“winning will” .

  16. 商周时期原始瓷的中子活化分析及相关问题讨论%INAA of Shang-Zhou Period Proto-porcelain and a Discussion of Related Problems

    陈铁梅; Rapp G.Jr.; 荆志淳


    Previously the authors studied proto-porcelain samples from early and middle Shang sites (Wucheng, Zhengzhou, Jingnansi, Panlongcheng and Tonggushan) by means of instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA) . The results showed them to have a similar chemical composition pattern, which suggested that these proto-porcelain shards might have been produced in the same area around Wucheng. In the present paper, the authors report their new analysis on proto-porcelain shards from sites of middle Shang to early Zhou times (Xiaoshuangqiao, Anyang Yinxu, Zhouyuan, Liulihe and Zhangjiapo). For the samples later than the middle Yinxu period, new composition patterns are detected, which indicates diversity in their provenance. The significantly lower Fe2O3 and lower Tio2 contents of these later samples demonstrate the advance of then proto-porcelain industry. Two samples from Zhouyuan with Al2O3 contents higher than 25% seem to suggest that in addition to porcelain stone other materials might also have been used in proto-porcelain production in the Western Zhou period.

  17. Intemet-Based Analysis on Wedding Dress Brand Building in Su Zhou%基于互联网平台的苏州婚纱品牌创建之探析



    Currently, wedding dress industry in Su Zhou has been developing with problems like brand confusion, different qualities of products, fierce competition and lack of brand awareness. Wedding dress businesses shall be aware of building brands and operate brand marketing to better boost the feature industry in Su Zhou. In addition, according to reality, companies shaLl make full use of opportunities offered by the intemet, choose the proper pattern to develop brands and create famous brands.%当前,苏州婚纱产业在发展过程中存在着品牌混乱、产品良莠不齐,竞争激烈,众多婚纱企业缺乏品牌意识等问题。为了更好地将这苏州特色产业进行发展,婚纱企业应树立品牌意识。注重创建婚纱品牌,开展品牌营销。同时,在创建品牌过程中,苏州的婚纱企业应根据各自的实际,充分利用互联网带来的各种机遇,选择正确的品牌创建方式,争创名牌。

  18. 兰州农村面源污染现状及防治对策分析%The Analysis of the Rural Non-point Source Pollution Situation and Countermeasures in Lan Zhou City

    桂洪杰; 赵军平; 杜海霞; 张君弟; 刘佳


    文中在兰州统计年鉴的基础上,根据面源污染来源,分析了农业、畜牧业、生产和生活活动的危害,初步估算了主要面源污染物的流失量。并根据兰州市农村具体情况提出了相应的保护和控制措施,旨在为解决农村面源污染问题和保护农村生态环境提供借鉴。%In this paper,on the basis of Lan Zhou statistical yearbook,We analyzed the dangers of agriculture,animal husbandry,production activities and life activities according to the sources of rural non-point pollution,and then,we preliminary estimate the loss of the main non-point pollutant.In order to Provide reference for solving the problem of non-point pollution and the rural ecological environment protection,we put forward the corresponding protection and control measures,according to the specific situation of Lan Zhou countryside.

  19. Date identification of the Zhouji materials during the period of King Xin--The chronology Solving method of oracle boneS and bronzes in the Shang and Zhou dynasties

    LI; Yong(李勇)


    By identifying the dates of the Zhouji materials (one kind of oracle bone) during the period of King Xin (also called Zhou the last monarch in Shang Dynasty), this paper establishes a new "Direct Solving Method" (DSM) to solve the chronology problems in the Shang and Zhou dynasties. The mathematical models are more suitable for those materials with the Ganzhi (the Heavenly Stems and Earthly Branches, the Chinese ancient date recorded method being of the 60-day cycle, that the repetitive cycle is independent of any astronomical parameter, each day within this cycle has its own name and can also be expressed by the numbers from l to 60) record of the date, lunar month, and their year intervals and all of them are in history documents, oracle bones and bronze vessels. For example, taking the 12 Zhouji materials in the period of King Xin,we derive the two best results of the first year when Xin assumed the reins of government in probably 1063 BC or 1052 BC.

  20. 14C Chronological Framework in the "Xia-Shang-Zhou Chronology Project"%夏商周断代工程中的碳十四年代框架

    仇士华; 蔡莲珍


    The reliable dates Chinese historians recorded begin only from 841 BC. For the prehistoric chronology, radiocarbon dating has been an important method; but for historic times, it is difficult to determine the dates of objects and events. Recently, the technique of radiocarbon dating has been greatly improved by raising its precision and by adopting the high-precision 14C-dendrochronology curve and AMS 14C method, owing to which as well as the progress of archaeology it is hopeful to establish today the framework of Xia-Shang-Zhou chronology. By using a liquid scintillation counter with the measuring error less than 3‰ for conventional radiocarbon dating and wiggle-matching with calibration-curve, our dating group has achieved gratifying results for the chronological study of the Three Dynasties. The basis of the chronological framework is estabilished through radiocarbon dating of the series of samples excavated from many well-known sites. Finally, the radiocarbon chronological framework and corresponding table of the Xia, Shang and Zhou dynasties are acquired through synthetical study.

  1. A Look into Zhou Qufei's Empirical Spirits and Cognition Lmitations Based on "Ling Wai Dai Da"%从《岭外代答》看周去非的实证精神及认识局限



    周去非的《岭外代答》不仅追溯历史,引经据典,还留心日常生活,记录耳闻目睹,对民风民俗亲自考证,表现出可贵的实证精神。然而,记录民俗也有主观臆断、轻率推理与缺乏理性之处。其中,表现出对少数民族风俗的鄙夷、对少数民族彪悍易杀性格的夸大等,都与时代的局限和周去非个人的身份及地位有关。%"Ling Wai Dai Da", by Zhou Qufei gives an account of his quoting the classics and tracing history as well as his attention to the daily life, the record of what he had witnessed or heard about, and his empirical studies on folk customs. However, the record of folk customs contains some subjective assumptions, haste inference and lack of rational reflections, which are embodied in the disdain and misinterpretation for the ethnic folk customs and exaggeration of the fierceness of the ethnic people. These are all associated with the times and the individual identity and status of Zhou Qufei.

  2. Research on Zhou Enlai's Personal Charisma and the Shaping of Youth College Students' Personality%周恩来的人格魅力与青年大学生的人格塑造研究



    Among the CCP leaders,Zhou Enlai possesses the most attractive personal charisma undoubtedly.His lofty benevolence, righteousness,intelligence and courage,as well as extraordinary magnanimity and talent,epitomize the excellent quality of Chinese communists and the Chinese nation.Zhou Enlai's personality thought is of great realistic guiding significance to the training and shaping of contemporary college students' personality.%在中国共产党的领袖群体中,周恩来的人格无疑是最具魅力的。他大仁大义,大智大勇,具有超凡的气度和才华,集中体现了中国共产党人和中华民族的优秀品质。周恩来的人格思想对当代大学生人格素质的培养与塑造,具有极为重要的现实指导意义。

  3. The Political Bias:A Study of the Communication Ideas of the Scholars in the Eastern Zhou Dynasty%政治的偏向:东周诸子传播思想研究



    The scholars,who all happened to give priority to the oral culture in the Eastern Zhou Dynasty, found out the truth and communication ideas in the oral media,displaying obviously a kind of general political concern. In other words,the scholars in the Eastern Zhou Dynasty,from the standpoint of the countries,tried to turn themselves into the“speakers”of the political thought while attaching the ethical stipulations and moral norms to the oral communication. These scholars as the main body of the political communication are found to be extraordinarily pious and awed to the oral culture,which not only witnesses the rational spirit and the practical effectiveness of oral communication,but displays the political bias that could be trusted and tolerated as well. The insight into the scholars’“bite of politics”in the Eastern Zhou Dynasty will be of great benefit to the strate-gic choice of contemporary media communication and the cultural construction of political communication.%在东周,诸子都不约而同地倚重口传文化。他们在口传媒介中发现真理与传播思想,并明显呈现出一种普遍的政治关怀。换言之,东周诸子基于国家的立场,力图把自己变成政治思想的“说话人”,并对口头传播赋予严格的伦理规约与道德规范。作为政治传播主体的东周诸子对口传文化非同寻常地虔诚与敬畏,它不仅见证口头传播的理性精神与实践效力,还表现出被信赖与宽容的政治偏向。洞悉东周诸子“舌尖上的政治”有补于当代新媒体传播的策略选择以及政治传播的文化建设。

  4. To Converse with the “World”:Ecological Interpretation of Zhou Tao’s Prose%与“世界”对话--周涛散文的生态学阐释



    As a representative of “west prose”, Zhou Tao frees prose from his “own garden” and “social cage” in the natural sceneries he depicts in his works, which greatly enlarges the “world” presented in prose. From ecological point of view, Zhou Tao’s prose on the one hand collectively shows the wounds and sicknesses of the natural world that has been “dominated” by humans, on the other depicts a bleak picture of human spirit in modern times. Faced with the double challenge of survival, Zhou Tao keeps resisting the process of “world visualizing” with an artistic thinking, and actively takes a dialogue attitude to break the conlfict between humans and nature, which embellishes his prose with a power of “returning”.%作为“西部散文”的代表,周涛借助他所描写的西部自然,将散文从“自己的园地”和“社会的牢笼”中解放出来,极大地扩展了散文所表现的“世界”。从生态学角度来看,周涛的散文一方面集中展示了人类“主宰”下自然世界的千疮百孔,另一方面也描绘出一幅现代人精神上的荒凉图景。在生存的双重危机面前,周涛在散文中以一种艺术的思维抵抗着“世界的图像化”进程,并主动以对话的态度去打破人与自然的对立使得周涛的散文表现出一种“回归”的力量。

  5. 个人主义视域下的“人情物理”观——30年代周作人个人主义与儒家思想研究之一%Human Feelings and Common Sense from the Perspective of Individualism —A Study on the Relationship Between Zhou Zuoren's Individualism and the Confucianism



    The study on the relationship between Zhou Zuoren's individualism and the Confucianism can reveal the overall state of Zhou Zuoren's idea and the problems in the 1930's.In the view of individualism,Zhou Zuoren achieved the modern interpretation of traditional ideas through rational interpretation of the Confucianism and sorting out the origins and the content of human feelings and common sense.However,it is also exposed that his individualism was far from the social reality.Hence the unique view of Zhou Zuoren's idea in the 1930's.%对周作人个人主义思想与儒家思想关系的考察能够深入把握30年代周作人思想的整体状况及其存在问题。在个人主义的价值视域中,周作人对儒家唯理主义的阐释,对人情物理内涵及源流的爬梳,实现了其对传统思想观念的现代阐释,但也充分暴露出其个人主义思想脱离社会现实的文化困境。这构成了30年代周作人思想的独特景观。

  6. 周禮與《小雅》部分詩篇的創作%Rites of the Zhou Period and the Creation of Some Works in the Book of Songs:“Xiao Ya” 《小雅》



    A part of works in The Book of Songs:“Little Refined” ( or“Xiao Ya” by trans-literation) 《詩經·小雅》 arc closely related to rites of that time. Studies of these works will give us inspiration to understand the background of their creation, reveal their original meanings and correct mistakes in their interpretation. The present paper expounds a number of songs relative to rites of“asking policy formulators for providing for the ages,” going to the court, giving banquets and behaving in the army, and thus shows the relationship between songs and rites of the Zhou period and the important significance of the two things in their mutuai interpretation.

  7. A Brief Analysis of the Literary Views Reflected in Zhou Dunyi’s Rationalism Philosophy%简析周敦颐理学思想中的文学观



    周敦颐是北宋时期著名的理学家,他继承了“圣贤不传之学”,在诗学上同意孔子“诗可以兴”的观点,在创作上以“廉”为主要内容,反对“每会即作诗”,追求有文有行,文道并重。%Zhou Dunyi, a famous rationalist in the earlier Song Dynasty, inherited the Confucian philosophy never found in the world. He accepts Confucius poetics about“poems are purported to express one’s emotion.”and integrity is the main content of his creation. He objects to“making poems whenever there is an assembly”, and proposes that writing should be a genuine reflection of one’s action, and both contentand form weigh identically in literary creation.

  8. On the Role Played by Zhou Zuoren in the Exchange of Modern Japanese and Chinese Vocabulary%周作人在中日两国词汇交流中的作用和影响



    近代中国人是如何认识日语的?他们对日语的认知对中日近代词汇的交流产生了怎样的影响?考察这些问题具有重要的意义。同时,身为北京大学早期教授、新文化运动的骨干成员之一的周作人,因在“五四运动”时期发表了数量众多的关于新文化运动理论建设的文章而在近代中国社会产生了广泛的影响,因此他对日语的认知具有一定的代表性和较大的影响力。另一方面,周作人曾到日本留学多年,后又娶日本女子为妻,并翻译了数十部日本文学作品。受这种特殊的学习、生活经历的影响,不仅使周作人对日语具有很深的造诣,而且也促成了他对日本语言文字比较深刻和全面的认知。鉴于此,本文主要以周作人为考察对象,通过整理、分析他对日本语言文字的认知情况以及对日语汉字词的使用状况,探讨他在中日两国近代词汇交流过程中所发挥的作用与影响。%How do modern Chinese understand the Japanese language? What kind of influence does their cognition of Japanese language have on the exchange of modern Japanese and Chinese vocabulary? An investigation of these questions is of great significance. As a professor at Peking University in its early history and one of the key members of the new culture movement, Zhou Zuoren published a large number of articles on the theoretical construction of the new culture movement during the“May Fourth Movement”. In this way, Zhou has had a profound impact on modern Chinese society, but it is also the case that his understanding of Japanese has had a certain influence on his work. In particular, Zhou Zuoren went to study in Japan for many years. Later he married a Japanese woman and translated dozens of works of Japanese literature. Influenced by this special education and life experience, Zhou Zuoren not only has a deep understanding of Japanese language, but also has an

  9. 交流与争鸣:记中外学者关于夏商周年代的一场论战%Exchange and Debate:A Polimic on Xia-Shang-Zhou Chronology among Chinese and Foreign Scholars



    Two panels discussing the absolute dates of the Xia, Shang, and Zhou eras were held in the annual meeting of the Association of Asian Studies in Washington, April, 2002. The panels focused on five major aspects, which are:whether the chronological results are affected by current politics; the difficulty in the integration of historical documents and archaeological evidences; the reliability of the fitting of radiocarbon dates; different perpectives on the "Current Text" Bamboo Annals; and finally the question of morality in scholarship. The present paper reports the origin and development of these debates and the processes of discussion during the annual meeting. Moreover,it discusses the sources of divergence between the Chinese and foreign scholars on the chronology of Three Dynasties.

  10. XiangZhou area small and medium-sized rivers valley mountain in the project implementation plan%襄州区中小河流治理峪山项目区实施方案



    Xiangyang city XiangZhou area pick to: analysis the necessity of small and medium-sized rivers, dredging, bank management, ecological restoration and landscape greening, drainage connected, pollution treatment and long-term management measures, implement chang river, clear water, green and beautiful scene.%分析襄阳市襄州区中小河流治理的必要性,采取清淤疏浚、岸坡整治、生态修复、景观绿化、水系连通、污染治理、长效管护等措施,实现河畅、水清、岸绿、景美的目标。

  11. 周代策命的礼仪背景及文体特点%The Ceming Text in the Zhou Dynasty:Its Ritual Background and Stylistic Features



      周代策命是周天子策封赏赐诸侯或臣下的仪式上使用的实用文体,一般在太庙举行策命仪式时颁布,见证者为傧者,宣读者多为内史,有时是尹氏或其他史官。周代策命形成稳定的体制,通常包括封赏的原因、具体的赏赐及教导与勉励三部分。周代策命语言诚挚恳切,语气温润亲切,典雅舒缓,成为后世策命文体模仿的典范。%Ceming(策命)is the genre of text used by the king of the Zhou Dynasty at the investiture ceremonies,which was usually held at the ancestry temple. Serving as the document of investiture, the text should be witnessed and announced by some influential court officials such as binzhe(傧者), neishi(内史),and yinshi(尹氏). Having developed into a stable genre,the ceming text in the Zhou Dynasty mainly consisted of the following three parts:why this investiture should take place;what was conferred;and what the beneficiary was expected to do. The wording of ceming text is sincere,re-fined,and natural,making a classical model for the later generations.

  12. Discussion about Several Pieces of Curious Furniture of Shang-Zhou Dynasty Found from Literature%文献所见几种稀见商周家具略论



    “由于使用方式与礼仪的不同,商周时期的家具与现在的家具呈现出显著的差异,若想对其系统研究就必须充分考虑当时的社会环境与状况。在记叙商周社会的主要文献中可以找出许多有关于家具使用规范和形制的记载,其中可能有一些因失传或后人理解的问题而忽略了其作为家具的研究价值。如黼依、皇邸、桁、簨、虡、箙、楅等。本文现将这一部分资料做初步的整理,以便后续研究的进行。%The furniture style during Shang-Zhou period appeared remarkably difference, because of the differences of functions and rites of culture towards furniture when compare with our modern life. To do the research systemically requires experts consider the social atmosphere and situation in that period. There are many using standards and styles records of furniture, which could be found in some historical literatures that described the society in Shang-Zhou period. However, since the time fraction was so far away from now and dynastic historians personal understanding, some valued parts for furniture research has lost or been hidden in the minority of these literatures. Such as fuyi, huangdi, heng, sun, ju, fu, bi etc. This research contributes to collect the missing part of the literatures, and classify these parts initially. Consequently, it will provide a systemic and detailed guidance towards the future research.

  13. 东周时期高经密织锦的丝织技术研究%Research on silk weaving techniques of brocade with high warp density in Eastern Zhou period



    This paper deeply discusses ancient silk weaving techniques through researches of duplicate practice on fabric construction, loom setting process and weaving process, taking "hunting grain brocade" with a high warp density in the Eastern Zhou period unearthed in Jingan, Jiangxi, thereby revealing the key technology and scientific value of its brocade with the highest warp density so far, 240 per centimeter. It not only demonstrates the existence of brocade with a high warp density of 240 per centimeter, but also quotes that this process can produce brocade with a wide width and high warp density through duplicate practice. This research result effectively explains that exquisite techniques for weaving high-density brocade have been possessed in the Eastern Zhou period of ancient China, adding a new page for Chinese ancient brocade.%以江西靖安大墓出土的东周时期高经密织锦“狩猎纹锦”为例,通过织物结构、织机装造工艺及织造工艺等复制实践研究,展开对古代丝织技术的深度探讨,从而揭示其240根/cm迄今为止最高经密织锦的关键技术和其科学价值.通过复制实践,不仅证实了240根/cm高经密经锦的存在,还可引证该工艺可织出宽幅高经密经锦,这一研究成果有力地说明中国古代的东周时期已拥有了织造高密度织锦的精湛技术,为中国古代织锦增添新的一页.

  14. 东周园林:从重礼到审美的嬗变%Gardens in East-Zhou Dynasty:The Transformation from Evaluating Etiquettes to Appreciating Aesthetics



    东周园林建筑的变化体现了其时园林审美艺术从重德到审美的嬗变。通过以园林建筑中“台”以及园林位置的变化点明东周园林由原有的儒家礼制思维,转向了道家的美学思维,园林的功用也随之在单一的政教功利性中融入了主体的审美愉悦性,从而对传统中国人人格的丰满产生了极大作用,既积极入世,但又不会走向偏执;在现世中有所为,但又拥有一个极洵烂至美的艺术世界。%The ever-changing of gardens in East-Zhou dynasty had reflected the transformation from evaluating etiquettes to appreciating aesthetics. By analyzing alters among other landscape architectures and various locations of the gardens, this paper points out that in the course of turning from the ritual of Confucianism to the aesthetics of Taoism, the aesthetic pleasure of the subjects had been blended into the function of East-Zhou gardens which used to be merely utilized for religion and government. As a result, the transformation plaid a very important role to enrich the personality of Chinese people, that is, to actively participate in the society without paranoid, and to do something in reality with a beautiful artistic world.

  15. La Vie de Marillac : un essai hagiographique ? Analyse comparée des sources utilisées par Nicolas Lefèvre de Lezeau dans la Vie de Marillac et la Vie de Morvillier

    Dora De Lima


    Full Text Available Considérer Nicolas Lefèvre de Lezeau comme le biographe de son grand oncle ou comme l’hagiographe de son ami Michel de Marillac revient à glorifier la mémoire des trois héros au détriment du projet d’écriture de l’auteur. La Vie de Jean de Morvillier et la Vie de Michel de Marillac sont vivement marquées par l’omniprésence de leur auteur, quand bien même l’illusion de la richesse documentaire sur les trois héros voudrait l’estomper. Parce qu’ils convoquent une documentation riche et de nombreuses références littéraires, les trois récits de vie retrouvés témoignent d’une quête d’authenticité par leur auteur. En ce sens, la Vie de Marillac se dégage des deux autres récits de vie écrits par Lezeau. Le conseiller d’état n’y cherche effectivement pas seulement à raviver la mémoire de la Ligue dans le milieu dévot, ni même à construire une filiation entre ces deux partis. L’originalité de la Vie de Marillac tient de l’abondance des références spirituelles et de l’autorité que les mystiques incarnent pour sa validation. Pour les mystiques, la vie chargée d’un officier d’état demeure incompatible avec le mode de vie humble et contemplatif d’un « petit ». Du côté des politiques, la « cabale des dévots » représente une menace croissante pour l’autorité du roi. Dès lors, la Vie de Marillac de Lezeau nous invite à réfléchir sur les caractéristiques de rejet d’un modèle de sainteté (E. Suire. La postérité retient Marillac pour sa témérité et sa faillite face à la raison d’état de Richelieu, comme l’attestent le peu de biographies des xixe-xxe siècles de ce garde des sceaux. Parallèlement, si Marillac est décrit comme un laïc ayant fait preuve d’une grande dévotion dans les Histoires de l’ordre des Carmélites déchaussées parues aux xixe et xxe siècles, sa part active à la fondation de l’ordre en France ne suffit pas à faire de lui un saint

  16. A crowd of pedestrian dynamics - The perspective of physics. Comment on "Human behaviours in evacuation crowd dynamics: From modelling to "big data" toward crisis management" by Nicola Bellomo et al.

    Miguel, António F.


    Walking is the most basic form of transportation. A good understanding of pedestrian's dynamics is essential in meeting the mobility and accessibility needs of people by providing a safe and quick walking flow [1]. Advances in the dynamics of pedestrians in crowds are of great theoretical and practical interest, as they lead to new insights regarding the planning of pedestrian facilities, crowd management, or evacuation analysis. Nicola Bellomo's et al. article [2] is a very timely review of the related research on modelling approaches, computational simulations, decision-making and crisis response. It also includes an attempt to accurately define commonly used terms, as well as a critical analysis of crowd dynamics and safety problems. As noted by the authors, "models and simulations offer a virtual representation of real dynamics" that are essential to understand and predict the "behavioural dynamics of crowds" [2]. As a physicist, I would like to put forward some additional theoretical and practical contributions that could be interesting to explore, regarding the perspective of physics on about human crowd dynamics (panic as a specific form of behaviour excluded).

  17. From Personality Advocation to Repressed Anger Some Opinion on Zhou Zuoren's View of Literary History%从个性的提倡到压抑的愤懑——周作人文学史观管窥



    中国文化,在周作人看来,是无性的文化,缺乏情趣的文化,是于生命成长、生机勃勃上,即个性发育上欠缺的文化。他输入歌咏儿童的文学,提倡“梦想的精神”,主张适当地禁欲,并指出婚姻生活中“爱是移动的”,需夫妻双方不断地创造。就一个人的教育而言,他非常重视性的知识,于当时的复古颇盛的文化风气中坚持自己的个性。到了20世纪30年代,周作人开始了由个性的提倡到压抑的愤懑时期。他所面临的是中国资本主义高度发展的时代,感慨于除却忍从屈服,生活总是为家族制度、阶级制度、资本制度、知识买卖制度而牺牲。在这一时期,周作人的文学史观、文学观也逐渐地完善,指出中国历史上晋文里开始增加了小品文的色彩,初现具有个性色彩的文学。%According to Zhou Zuoren, Chinese culture is asexual culture and lacking in taste and is a person- ality development of defective culture on the vibrant life and growth. He imported literature of singing children, promoted the spirit of the dream and advocated appropriate abstinence, pointing out love is moving in the marriage and both spouses need to create endlessly. He thought highly of sex knowledge in terms of personal education, sticking to his own personality in the culture trend of the prevalent antiquity. To the thirties, Zhou Zuoren changed from the period of personality advocating to repressed anger. He is facing an era of prosperous Chinese capitalism, sighing that except for tolerance and yielding life is always sacrificed for the domestic institution, the caste system, the capital system and the knowledge trading sys- tem. During this period, Zhou Zuoren's literary historical theory, literary concept is gradually improved and pointed out that essays have appeared in the history of China Jin-wen, which is the beginning of litera- ture with personalized colors.

  18. 周敦颐与“二程”的文学特点比较%Make a Study of Literary Character on the Zhou Dun-yi and Two Scholars of Surname Cheng



      Zhou Dunyi's gentleman personality took shape not only from his morality and behavior, but also being closely related his experiences of traveling, writing and art appreciation. The latter might have had equal if not greater influences. Article of Lotus love is a symbol of realizing his personality of elegancy. It is one of the best literature. Zhou's poems are known as sincere, elegant, vigorous and straightforward in the structure of Song Dynasty’s poetry. Zhou's personality and his heart of literature and poetry directly influenced Cheng Hao. Not only he acted like a mentor but he also sculptured Cheng as a poet with great success. Cheng Hao was a poet among Taoists that understood deeply about the spirit of natural scenes. Although his poetry usually contained mocking or bantering which lowered the beauty of it. The influences of Chengyi's personality restricted his love for literatures and arts. He indulged in Tao, with little polish of literature, his observation of literature and art was very shallow and unbalanced. He also rejected rhetoric literature or the expression of art. He didn't understand much art and lacked the experience of aesthetic judgment. He didn't have the experience in writing, nor could he have any understanding about himself, not mention to overtake himself. Therefore he could not go into the status of art appreciation but only remains in joking around.%  周敦颐的“君子人格”形成,既有其道德修养、立身行事的影响,也与徜徉山水,从事文学创作,通艺术,善审美的陶冶性情有关,而后者的影响不亚于前者。《爱莲说》是其人格外化的标志,风格清雅,是一流的文学艺术作品。他的诗歌以“真”、“清”、“劲”、“直”为特色,参与了宋诗风格的构建。周敦颐的性情和文心、诗心直接影响了程颢,不仅传其道,而且将程颢塑造成了诗人,使其取得了较大的成就。程颢是道学家中深

  19. 新疆博州地区土地利用变化及驱动力分析%Analysis of Land Use/Cover Change and Driving Force on Bo Zhou of Xinjiang Province Zone

    杜倩; 王勇辉


    The land use structure and the quality of land resource change constantly, because ot the natural factors and human factors, which results in the variation of the regional ecological environment and global environment. This article used the data of the land utilization in BoZhou of Xinjiang province from 2001 to 2009 to analyze its dynamic change. The conclusion is that farmland and land for household, industry, traffic and water conservancy facilities have increased in varying changes, while garden and grassland area have decreased. Afterwards, the social driving forces of the variation of land area in BoZhou were ana- lyzed quantitatively by analyzing the related data of social economy development, by the means of principal component analysis. We concluded that the adjustment of agricultural structure, economic development, production benefit, political and economic policies are main social driving forces causing variation of land u- tilization and the first industry is still in a dominant position.%由于受自然因素与人文因素的影响,土地利用结构以及土地资源质量不断变化,从而引起区域生态环境和全球环境的变化。文章运用新疆博州2000--2009年土地利用数据,分析其土地利用的动态变化情况,发现耕地、居民点及工矿用地、交通用地、水利设施都有不同程度的增加,园地与牧草地的面积有所减少。接着运用博州社会经济发展状况有关数据和主成分分析法对博州地区面积变化的社会驱动力作定量分析,总结出农业结构的调整、经济发展、农业生产效益、政治经济政策这4个因素是引起博州土地利用变化的主要社会驱动力因子,且第一产业仍然处于主导地位。

  20. The Epidemiological Investigation of DeZhou City’s Chronic Renal Failure Patients with Nervous Centralis Damige%德州市慢性肾衰竭中枢神经损害的流行病学调查



    objective To acquaintance the epidemiological investigation of nervous centralis damige of De Zhou City’s chronic renal failure patients(the CKD 5 period patients in maintenance hemodialysis) so as to develop the Clinical diagnosis and treatment level of this disease. Method To retrospective analysis the De Zhou City’s chronic renal failure patients with nervous centralis damige. Result The age, primary disease, serum creatinine, blood urea nitrogen, hemoglobin, carbon dioxide binding force, application of cephalosporin etc was statisticaly significant with the control group. Conclusion Diabetic nephropathy, high level of toxin, anemia, metabolic acidosis, using cephalosporins was independent risk factors of central nerve damage of chronic renal failure patients with in Dezhou city.%目的:了解德州市慢性肾衰竭合并中枢神经系统损害的流行病学状况,提高对此病的临床诊疗水平。方法对我院慢性肾衰竭(CKD5期已行血液透析)合并中枢神经系统损害患者病例资料进行回顾性分析。结果德州市慢性肾衰竭中枢神经损害患者年龄、原发病、血肌酐、血尿素氮、血红蛋白、二氧化碳结合力、应用头孢菌素等与对照组有统计学差异(P<0.05)。结论糖尿病肾病、毒素水平高、贫血、代谢性酸中毒、应用头孢菌素等是德州市慢性肾衰竭中枢神经损害患者的独立危险因素。

  1. Realistic Criticism and Historical Criticism of Thinkers in the Zhou and Qin Dynasties%论周秦诸子的现实批判与历史批判



    Thinkers in the Zhou and Qin Dynasties cared about social reality and history. They took social reality as the base of their thoughts and took wisdom from history. Although their works published in different periods had different language styles, political views and contents, they all combined social reality and history together. Their real-istic criticism included historical criticism and historical criticism included realistic criticism. Discussion of realistic criticism and historical criticism of thinkers in the Zhou and Qin Dynasties is of significance for us to understand so-cial reality and historical tendency.%周秦诸子作为密切关注现实的思想家,以现实为思想的立足点与出发点,以历史为智慧的源泉与立论的依据。他们立足今天而反思过去,古今联系而相互比照,换位思考而得出结论,以史为据而抨击时弊。周秦诸子之书虽然成书年代不同,语言风格各异,政治主张有别,论述内容各有侧重;但多为论议时政而发,“博古”与“通今”紧密结合,于现实的批判中隐含对历史的批判,于历史的批判中贯穿对现实的批判,把现实批判与历史批判融为一体。我们探讨周秦诸子的现实批判与历史批判,把握其思想大义与理论精髓,对于认识社会现实与体察历史大势,有着重要启示与鉴戒意义。

  2. 从两周军事铭文用词看中国古代早期的军事文化%Military Culture of Early Ancient China Reflected in Military Inscriptions of Eastern and Western Zhou Dynasty



    War is the continuation of politics. The military inscriptions of Eastern and Western Zhou Dynasty represented by "the most important state affairs are sacrifice and warfare" indicate the process of sprout and development of original "humanity" values. From the wording of inscriptions then, one thing is clear that there is inheritance as well as obvious changes about warfare concept from Yin Dynasty and Shang Dynasty, namely sacrifice in wars became much more convenient, which aims at consolidating the souls of soldiers. The detailed psychological description paid more attention to the existence and performance of warfare subject as well as the standardization and rationalization of military organization, the specific matters of military management, the warfare efficiency and safeguard, which exemplifies the safety of rights and lives have been strengthened. All those demonstrate along with the escalation of warfare intension in Eastern and Western Zhou Dynasty, the original "humanity" values and the ideology of "cautious resorts to arms" have been further developed and featured.%战争是政治的延续。“国之大事在祀在戎”时代的两周军事铭文揭示了原始“人本”观念的萌芽、发展历程。从其铭文用词可以看出从殷商到两周时期,战争观念有继承,也有较大的改变:祭祀在战争中显得更加简便,意在安慰参与者的心灵世界。具体的心理描写更关注战争主体的存在及其表现,也更重视军队组织的规范化和合理化、军队管理的细节、战争有效性和战争维护,这说明权利安全和生命安全意识得到加强。这些方面都表明两周时期随着战争强度的升级,原始“人本”观念、“慎兵”理念得到了进一步的发展和凸现。

  3. 论西周策命制度与《尚书》文体的生成%On the Connection between the System of Appointment of the Western Zhou Dynasty and the Formation of Literary Style of Shang Shu



    伴随着"制礼作乐"的过程,周人的修辞技能和文体意识都不断提高,尤其是周代重要政治制度之一策命制度的建立和完善,使书面形式的"策命"代替了口头形式的"命",促成了具有清晰文体特征的策命文书的形成。这种专门应用于特定策命典礼场合的政治性文书使灵活易变的口头文体固定化,由于经常性地撰制和发布,逐渐形成了形式严谨、体制固定、内容明确、词语古奥、语言高度雅化和程式化、风格庄严肃穆的文体特征,《周书》诸诰便是在这种策命文书的基础上经过加工改造后形成的。这种"命体"的策命文书体现了原初形态"书"篇的文体模式,决定了《尚书》诰命篇章的文体特征,对后世众多散文文体,尤其是官方应用性文体产生了重大影响。%With the process of ritual and musical practice, Zhou' s rhetorical skills and stylistic awareness has been improved continuously. The establishment and perfection of Zhou' s political sys- tem, especially the system of appointment--one of the important policies of the Western Zhou Dynas- ty, caused the written form to replace the oral form, and the form of appointment documents got its clear stylistic features. These documents are specifically applied to specific situations, making the flexible oral style fixed. As they are regularly published, these documents gradually formed a kind of strict style, with explicit content, tightly organized structure, rigorous words, graceful language, solemn and grave style. Zhou Shu is processed and revised on the basis of this kind of documents. These documents reflect the original form of Shang Shu, determines the literary style of Shang Shu, and has a significant impact and influence upon many kinds of essays of later times, particularly the applica- tion of the official documents.

  4. Loss and healing: A Marian pilgrimage in secular Dutch society

    Notermans, C.D.


    A pilgrimage to Lourdes, France, supported by health insurance, helps old and ailing Dutch people cope with the losses of growing old in secular Dutch society. Elderly people are very much in need of the churches that are disappearing, and with them the collective rituals and symbols that would help

  5. Tule Endla teatrisse ja Pärnu muuseumi / Marian Kivila

    Kivila, Marian, 1985-


    Pärnu pakub koolidele külastusteks paketti, mis koosneb oma valitud etendusest Endla teatris ning Pärnu muuseumi püsinäituse „11 000 aastat ajalugu - Elamusi vanast ajast” või Koidula muuseumi külastusest

  6. Marian House, Holy Faith Convent, Glasnevin, Dublin 11.

    O'Sullivan, K


    To examine the prevalence and secular trends in benzodiazepine (BZD) prescribing in the Irish paediatric population. In addition, we examine coprescribing of antiepileptic, antipsychotic, antidepressant and psychostimulants in children receiving BZD drugs and compare BZD prescribing in Ireland to that in other European countries.

  7. Marian House, Holy Faith Convent, Glasnevin, Dublin 11.

    Doherty, L.


    Narcolepsy is characterised by excessive daytime sleepiness and cataplexy and has a prevalence of 25 per 100,000. We suspect this is higher than presently seen in the Republic of Ireland. We aimed to calculate the Irish prevalence of Narcolepsy and to examine current management practices. We conducted an online survey of respiratory physicians, neurologists, paediatric neurologists, and psychiatrists with an interest in sleep disorders (73% response rate). Of this group, a total of 16 physicians managed 180 patients prior to January 2009. A clinical diagnosis alone was reached in 67 (41%) patients, the remainder by polysomnography or multiple sleep latency testing. No patients were diagnosed by cerebro-spinal fluid analysis of hypocretin levels. While 70 (42%) patients received modafanil, only 7 (4%) were treated with sodium oxybate. Even allowing for missing data it is apparent that Narcolepsy is hugely under-diagnosed in Ireland, however, current practises adhere with new international guidelines.

  8. El Liderazgo Distribuido en la Escuela Marian Baker

    Castro Suárez, María M.


    El presente documento es el producto de la investigación de cómo se percibe el ejercicio del liderazgo distribuido en una escuela a nivel de primaria en San José de Costa Rica. En el marco teórico, se expone los conceptos de liderazgo, liderazgo escolar y el de liderazgo distribuido, sus características, principales autores de las teorías que los sustentan así como investigaciones empericas que se han realizado en diferentes países con el propósito de brindar un aporte al mejoramiento de l...

  9. Kuidas hinnata performance'i-kunsti? / Marian Kivila

    Kivila, Marian


    Vastukaja: Sööt, Mai. Performance'i-kunsti taak. Sirp, 2010, 26. nov., lk. 20. Professionaalsusest tegevuskunstide vallas, performance'i-kunsti spontaansusest ja mõistmisest. Roi Vaara performance'ist "Kuidas kanda enda jalga?". Autori arvates on performance'i-kunst oma keerukuse tõttu kitsama ringkonna pärusmaa

  10. The Marian Illustrations of the Legend of Montserrat

    Alarcón, Concepción


    Full Text Available The books telling the story of Montserrat used to contain illustrative engravings. Montserrat presents us with a special case, because this monastery holds an uninterrupted record of illustrated texts or of texts with engraved images from the miniatures of the Llibre Vermell and the first fruits of the printing press to the 19th century. Admittedly, in the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries the books exhibit the engravings on the cover or within the first sheets; it is only in the 19th century that illustrations appear inserted in the text so as to make the story more agreeable. The images intensify the value of texts, since illustrations can help us understand the written word and may suggest other readings of the corresponding passages, clearer and more precise. Illustrations in the books on the history of a monastery are but a part of a larger set of ideas, projects and self-service which the Church aims at the reader. Furthermore, the iconographic models of the Virgin Mary and the Mountain are of great interest for the history of engraving and of the Catalan and Spanish devotions.

    Los libros en que se contaba la historia de Montserrat contenían estampas que los ilustraban. Montserrat es un caso inusual, porque posee un registro ininterrumpido de textos ilustrados o acompañados con imágenes grabadas, desde el Llibre Vermell y los primeros momentos de la imprenta hasta el siglo XIX. Bien es cierto que en los libros de los siglos XVI, XVII y XVIII sólo se colocan los grabados en la portada o en las primeras hojas; Hasta el siglo XIX no encontramos un tipo de ilustración insertada en el interior del texto amenizando la historia. Las imágenes intensifican el valor de los textos, porque nos ayudan a comprenderlos y a la vez sugieren nuevas lecturas, más precisas y claras. Las ilustraciones de los libros de historia de un santuario forman parte de todo un enjambre de ideas, proyectos y propaganda que la Iglesia quiere transmitir al lector. Por otro lado los modelos iconográficos de María y la montaña son de gran interés para la historia del grabado y de la devoción catalana y española.

  11. The Influence of Cultural Anthropology on Zhou Zuo-ren’s Translation of Ancient Greek Literature%文化人类学对周作人译介古希腊文学的影响



    As an important thinker during the May the Fourth Movement,Zhou Zuo-ren was greatly influenced by the concepts of cultural anthropology which,at that time,was unfolding itself in the west.Cultural anthropology exerts profound influences upon Zhou’s humane thoughts and translations,especially in the terms of translation from ancient Greek literature.This paper starts off from the aspect of Zhou’s reception of cultural anthropology,and proceeds to analyze Zhou’s purpose,accomplishments and features in translating ancient Greek literature.%作为"五四"时期重要的思想家,周作人深受当时西方方兴未艾的文化人类学的影响。文化人类学理论对周作人的人文思想和翻译活动,尤其是对古希腊文学的翻译发挥着深远的影响。他全景式地译介了希腊的神话、诗歌、戏剧,力图全面展示古希腊人的生活、思想、艺术、人生观、世界观,借以开启民众、教化大众。

  12. Research adjective development and its effect from the adjectives of inscriptions in Western-Zhou Dynasty%从西周金文看形容词的发展及其影响



    把殷商甲骨文中的形容词和西周金文中的形容词进行比较可以看出,西周时期形容词的数量增多了,结构复杂了。从词汇的角度看,形容词的发展丰富了汉语的词汇,形容词的语义系统在形容词的发展过程中逐渐完善,这是词汇系统性增强的体现;从语法的角度看,形容词的发展引起了一些性状概念要素表达方式的变化,也就是由综合的表达方式转变为分析的表达方式。%The increase in the number of adjectives and the complexity of structure of adjectives can be seen from comparison of the adjectives of Shang Dynasty Oracle to the adjectives of inscriptions in bronze in the Western Zhou Dynasty. The adjective development enriches the Chinese vocabulary from the perspective of vocabulary, and adjective system strengthen in the process of gradual improvement, which is reflect of the system of Chinese vocabulary increases; Adjective development has caused some traits of concept change of expression from grammatical perspective, namely by comprehensive expression into the analysis expression.

  13. The Judicial Interpretation of Social Justice:Legal Analysis of Zhou Meizhi Appeal Case%社会正义的司法演绎——周关知申诉案法理评析



    Justice is the pursuit of social value, while law is the expression of social justice. Justice of the judicial can meet the he requirements of justice to maximize the public interest. The appeal case acceptance and investigation of Zhou Meizhi, who is against the decision of not to prosecute, to achieve the people's emotions, social justice and the combination of legal specification, revealed in the context of building a harmonious society, judicial decisions and the recognition of social justice is necessity and feasibility .%正义是社会的价值追求,法是社会正义的表达,正义的司法是能够满足社会公众利益最大化要求的司法。周美知等人不服不起诉决定申诉案的受理和查处,实现了民众情感、社会公理和法律规范的有机结合,揭示了在构建和谐社会的语境下司法决定和社会正义价值认同的必要性与可行性。

  14. The Piercing Requiem---A Commentary on Zhou Daxin’s Novel Requiem%穿透骨髓的安魂曲*--评周大新长篇小说《安魂》



    With a resolute attitude,Zhou Daxin discusses the issue of life and death after the narration of the loss of his son,within his oeuvre nouveau,i.e.Requiem,in which the mode of dialogue with the son who died young is adopted to represent author’s metaphysical thought on the life and death issue,and his transcendence over the personal depression as well as the insightful humanist reflection on the present society.%周大新的新作《安魂》讲述了在痛失爱子之后,作家以一种毅然的姿态展开对生命与死亡这个命题的探寻,以与早逝的儿子对话的方式来呈现作者关于“生死”的形而上思考,并且跳出个人的悲痛,以深厚的人文关怀对当下进行了深邃的审视。

  15. 贵州大学生学习情况调查问卷的编制研究%A Study on the Questionnaire of Learning Situation for Undergraduate in GuiZhou



    目的:编制大学生学习情况调查问卷。方法:在文献研究的基础上,构建学习情况的理论维度,编写问卷题目。对在校大学生两次预测,并检验问卷的信度、效度。结果:各项指标显示,本问卷具有良好的信度和效度。%Objective: Constructing the questionnaire of learning situation for undergraduate in GuiZhou. Methods : On the basis of literature review, studied the concept of learning situation, and composited the theoretical construct of questiong- naire and it' s item. And examine its reliability and validity testing by twice tests for undergraduate. Results:Every psy- chometrics index all show: The Questionnaire of Learning Situation had good reliability and validity.

  16. 矛盾行为下隐藏的"创伤"情结——探寻周朴园复杂人格之因%The Hidden"Trauma Complex"under the Contradictory Behavior:to Explore the Reasons of Zhou Puyuan's Complex Personality



    As one of the most controversial figures,Zhou Puyuan in the novel Thunderstorm has always been endowed with multiple evaluations. And Zhou Puyuan becomes a vivid and typical image,which has a multi-dimensional personality charm.. From the perspec?tive of traumatic emotion,this paper describes the reasons of Zhou Puyuan's different personality deriving from early emotional trauma, which really affects his life. He is a victim of the tragedy too.%《雷雨》里的周朴园作为一个极有争议性的人物,一直以来都被赋予了多重的评价.这也使得这个人物形象得以成为一个立体生动的典型,具有了多维人格的魅力.本文从创伤性情感体验的角度出发,认为周朴园两极性格形成之因来源于早年情感创痛,并对他的整个人生都产生了巨大的影响,他同样是这场悲剧的受害者.

  17. Let Chin P’ ing Mei Study Shining Glory of Speculative Philosophy---On Zhou Juntao’ s Chin P’ ing Mei Study Series%让《金瓶梅》研究闪耀哲学思辨的光辉--读《周钧韬金瓶梅研究文集》



    Mr.Zhou Juntao is a famous scholar of Chin P ’ing Mei,and Zhou Juntao Jin Ping Mei Study Series is his com-prehensive expression of Chin P ’ ing Mei study .The prominent characteristics of Zhou Juntao ’ s study is the high level acces-sion,the text study specialty is “on the realism to the theory”,and his study shows a very strong philosophical overtones . Some of his views have great impact ,and his studies are of important contributions to Chin P ’ ing Me academic sectors .%周钧韬先生是一位著名的金学家,《周钧韬金瓶梅研究文集》是其《金瓶梅》研究集大成的作品。周钧韬《金瓶梅》研究的突出特点是高层次加入,文本研究特色是“就实论虚”,其金学研究呈现出很强的哲学思辨色彩。他的一些观点有较大影响,为《金瓶梅》研究做出了重要贡献。

  18. Son Excellence Monsieur Nicolas Niemtchinow Ambassadeur Représentant permanent de la France auprès de l’Office des Nations Unies à Genève et des organisations internationales en Suisse à l'occasion de l'inauguration de l'exposition industrielle la France au CERN et de l’ouverture de l’Assemblée générale du Groupement des Français du CERN

    Guillaume, Jeanneret


    Son Excellence Monsieur Nicolas Niemtchinow Ambassadeur Représentant permanent de la France auprès de l’Office des Nations Unies à Genève et des organisations internationales en Suisse à l'occasion de l'inauguration de l'exposition industrielle la France au CERN et de l’ouverture de l’Assemblée générale du Groupement des Français du CERN

  19. 生存与命运的言说——对周全平《苦笑》集的解读%The Speech of Survival and Fate: Unscrambling Zhou Quanping′s Bitter Smile Collection



    Zhou Quanping,a small potato of the Creation Society with oblivion in literature history,had enriched Chinese modern literature in his unique way.However,he suffered a lifetime of frustrations firstly as an important role of the Creation Society,but was pushed aside later.He joined the Left-Winger Organization and became desolate finally.His novels had quite different style compared to his colleagues in the Creation Society without Romantic sentimental mood but more critique for the unjust of society and exposing of the cruel reality.In this,way he kept an eye on people′s survival and fate.%周全平是创造社的"小伙计",在文学史册上也几近被埋没,但不能否定,周全平的确是一个用特殊创作方式丰富了中国现代文学的作家。他经历坎坷,起初是创造社的重要成员,后被排挤,加入左翼,最后落寞于文坛。他的小说风格不同于创造社的其他成员,很少有浪漫感伤的情绪,更多的是对社会不公的批判和对残酷现实的揭露,同时以时间编码来阐释生命在历史变幻中的厚重感,以此来关照人的生存状态和对命运的抗争。

  20. The Relationship of Womenˊs Liberation Thoughts Between Zhou Zuoren and Akiko Yosano%与谢野晶子与周作人妇女解放思想之关系

    王妍妍; 夏艺


    周作人的妇女解放思想是新文化运动破除封建迷信,引进西方科学精神,追求个性解放思潮中的重要组成部分,在中国妇女解放思想史上具有突出的地位和社会影响。他的思想虽然受到近代西方进化论、人本主义、文化人类学等外来思想的影响,但是,其女性个体意识、人格独立、男女平等、贞操观等非常有价值的思想,在很多方面与日本女诗人、社会评论家与谢野晶子的女性观具有十分密切的关系。%ZHOU Zuo-renˊs women liberation thoughts is an important part of the New Cultural Movement which broke the feudal superstition, introduced western science spirit and pursued the liberation of personality, it has a prominent place and social impact in Chinese history of women liberation. Although his thoughts were influenced by modern western theory of evolution, humanistic, cultural anthropology and other foreign ideas ,some of his valuable ideas like individual consciousness of women, personality independence, equality between men and women and chastity view have very close relationship with the views of Yosano Akiko who is the female poet, social critic in Japan.

  1. 西周园林:从娱神到娱人的美育思想%Gardens in Western Zhou Dynasty:The Thought about Aesthetic Education from Adoring Gods to Enjoying Human Being

    崔青青; 李丹


    The gardens in Western Zhou Dynasty reflected the diversification from adoring gods to enjoying human being about aesthetic thought of the Pre-Qin Period. This conversion had affected Chinese peopleˊs ethos deeply. On the one hand,Chinese attached great importance to their self-cultivation;on the other hand,they also drew attention to the combination of self-cultivation and society integration. They were devotional and persistent and would never fall into the extreme position of denying themselves. They took public affairs on their own shoulder and had a sense of "compassion" and never went away from the masses. These results were the influence of the conversion about the thought of aesthetic education in the Pre-Qin Period.%西周园林反映了我国先秦美学思想从娱神到娱人的转变,即从崇拜神到肯定人的主体性,这种转变深深地影响了此后中国人的精神气质。一方面中国人极其重视个人的德行修养,另一方面又将这种自我修养与入世精神相结合,既富有深情,又执着,但又不至于走向自我否定的极端境地;既有一种“天下”情怀,以天下事为己事,又有一种“悲天悯人”的情怀,始终不曾远离底层。这些都是先秦美育思想在这一时期转变的结果。

  2. 超越死亡的亲情救赎--评周大新的《安魂》%Redemption of Kinship beyond Death A Comment on Zhou Daxin’s Requiem



    周大新小说《安魂》的前半部分既不脱离日常真实生活的气息,又通过死亡视角升华了日常生活,使小说表达的亲情感人至深。小说后半部分所虚构的天国来信既有对亲人灵魂得救的期望,又有对人生意义的拷问,还有对乌托邦世界的想象。小说的某种非个人化因素影响了作品更丰富意蕴空间的产生,但此小说的价值不能单从审美方面考虑,救赎也是文学同样重要的功能。%The first part of Zhou Daxin’s novel Requiem is very moving for it sublimates the affection between son and his father under the background of common life.The latter part conceives of letters from heaven,which contain expectation of redemption of his son,the questioning of meaning of life,and the imagination of Utopia. Some non -individual factors bar the rise of more abundant and meaningful space in the novel,but the value of the novel cannot be considered only by its aesthetic aspects,and redemption is of the same importance.

  3. Nationalist Party how to deal with the class struggle in great strike of GuangZhou and Hongkong%省港罢工中的阶级斗争与国民党的应对



    早期国民党人对阶级斗争有着相当准备的认识,但国民党主张阶级调和,反对阶级斗争。然而在国民革命实践中,存在着大量的阶级斗争事实,以省港罢工来说,以反对帝国主义为直接斗争目标,使得其中的阶级斗争呈现出既联合又斗争的现象。国民党在扶助农工同时,提倡工商联合积极协调双方的矛盾纷争,虽有一定成效,但由于国民党阶级的局限性,也因为国民党对民族矛盾之下的阶级矛盾认识片面,所以,无法正确处理省港罢工中的阶级斗争。%Early Nationalists understanding of class struggle has quite ready, but Nationalist Party advocated class reconcile op-posing class struggle.However, in practice the national revolution, there are a lot of class struggle fact, speaking to Hong Kong strike, direct struggle against imperialism and for the goal, which makes the class struggle and struggle jointly exhibit both phenome-na.Nationalist Party assist farmers and workers while advocating for Industry and Commerce jointly actively coordinate their contradic-tions disputes, despite some success, but due to the limitations of the Kuomintang class, but also because Nationalist Party ethnic conflicts under one-sided understanding of class contradictions, so Nationalist Party can not deal with class struggle in the great strike of GuangZhou and Hongkong.

  4. Whybrow, Nicolas (2011, Art and the City

    Sandra Guerreiro Dias


    Full Text Available Zygmunt Bauman escrevia em 1991 que, na pós‑modernidade, o novo flâneur ‘viajante‑jogador’ prefere a irremediável redundância ao jogo da sobrevivência, isto é, o divertimento consciente de si como jogo ‘maduro’ e ‘puro’ que olha o mundo como teatro e a vida como jogo. Em Não‑lugares: introdução a uma antropologia da sobremodernidade (2005, Augé sublinha a necessidade de conferir um sentido, “pela intensidade da experiência” (a performance, ao presente e aos “não‑lugares” do mundo, como cont...

  5. 2052-IJBCS-Article-Nicolas Kiye


    Le Glycine max (L) Merril (soja) est une légumineuse cultivée pour ses graines riches en protéines, en ... Les variétés à graines jaunes ou vertes sont en général plus riches en huile que celles ..... essences végétales appliquées seules, ou en.

  6. The human concept in Nicolas Maquiavelo

    Echandi Gurdián, Marcela


    This paper shows the elements underlying the Machiavellian discourse about human reality and behavior throughout ancient history that considers magistra vitae. Its explains why the author makes a deterministic interpretation of the nature of man, even though Machiavelli is recognized as a precursor of human psychology, showing us with countless examples, a naturalism that presupposes a content of the dualism of human nature: rational-instinctive, where the latter is dominant and immutable. ...

  7. The mathematical biophysics of Nicolas Rashevsky.

    Cull, Paul


    N. Rashevsky (1899-1972) was one of the pioneers in the application of mathematics to biology. With the slogan: mathematical biophysics : biology :: mathematical physics ; physics, he proposed the creation of a quantitative theoretical biology. Here, we will give a brief biography, and consider Rashevsky's contributions to mathematical biology including neural nets and relational biology. We conclude that Rashevsky was an important figure in the introduction of quantitative models and methods into biology.

  8. Nicolae Donici- intre admiratie si dispret

    Stavinschi, Magda


    Nicholas Donici belonged to an illustrious family of Moldavian boyars. He devoted his entire life to astronomy, cofounded the International Astronomical Union and was one of the most avid observers of the Sun and of its eclipses. He was born on the 1st/13th September 1874 at Petricani near Chisinau. We have, however, no evidence of the date and place of his death: very likely it happened around 1956, somewhere in southern France. His life took him from St. Petersburg to Odessa, from there to his private observatory on the right bank of the Dniestr, then to Bucharest; he eventually left Romania in 1944 and worked for a while at the Observatory of Paris. I had the rare chance to get to know the last person who hosted him in Romania, another distinguished representative of the family, Mrs. Zoe Donici, who provided unvaluable information about her famous relative. We intend to look back at his unusual life story, entirely devoted to science, which represents a great contribution to the Romanian and universal culture, as witnessed by his work which is preserved in the most important libraries of the world. Nicholas Donici, International Astronomi

  9. Quand Nicolas Sarkozy rencontre Harry Potter.

    Marc Dumont


    Full Text Available Ca y est, « il » est là, et bien de retour. Qui ça ? Harry Potter, bien sûr, depuis la nuit du 20 juillet. Et avec lui assurément le cortège de toutes les mauvaises langues qui ne manqueront pas de snober avec dédain un produit mercantile, ou de dépravation des jeunes adolescents contemporains qui ne liraient pas suffisamment de « choses sérieuses » telles que les sciences sociales. Mais avec le come back de Harry Potter, c’est aussi un nouvel épisode qui s’est joué ...

  10. 西安地区周秦汉与隋唐时期古都文化之主要内涵与基本特点%Main implications and. basic features of the ancient city culture of Xi'an in Zhou, Qin, Han, Sui and Tang Dynasties



    In order explore the main implications and basic features of the ancient city cuhue of Xi'an in different dynasties, the paper analyzes the city planning, construction, layout and the architec- tural ideology in West Zhou, Qin, West Han, Sui and Tang Dynasties with the help of a huge amounts of documents. The analysis finds that the culture in the West Zhou cities fully displays the rites and music culture of Zhou Dynasty; the ancient city culture in Qin Dynasty shows the great unification spirit and the Chang'an culture in Han Dynasty integrates the related theories of the earlier dynasties and at the same time has its creative sense. In contrast, the Chang'an culture in Sui and Tang Dynasties indicates its opening-up orientation in its multi-phase cultures.%为探究西安地区各朝代古都文化之主要内涵与基本特点,结合大量史料,对西周、秦、西汉、隋与唐王朝都城之规制、建设、平面布局、主要建筑之思想理念进行剖析。分析认为:西周都城文化充分反映了周代礼乐文化;秦都城文化体现了大一统的精神;汉长安城文化以尊儒思想为主体,整合了前朝相关理论,并有所创新;隋唐长安城文化表征了多元文化的开放气象。

  11. 周“礼制”与《考工记·匠人营国》对早期都城形态的影响%The Influence of the Ritual Ethics of the Zhou Dynasty and “The National Engineering Standards for Capital Construction” on the Capital Urban Form in Ancient China



    The paper first analyzes the impact of the ritual ethics on the capital form in the Western Zhou Dynasty and the Spring and Autumn Period in the Chinese history. It covers discussions on the spatial forms and layout plans of clan temples, imperial palaces and city markets. By referring to an ancient book entitled "The Ritual Ethics of the Zhou Dynasty: National Engineering Standards for Capital Construction" ( "The Standards" ), the paper argues that the ritual ethics of the Zhou Dynasty helped maintain the power structure and inheritance at the theoretical level in ancient China while" The Standards" explicate the city building methodology at the practical level. By following stated construction rules, an idealized capital city that embodies the ritual ethics would emerge. However, due to the socioeconomic constraints in the Western Zhou Dynasty and the Spring and the Autumn Period, city building could not strictly follow the rules set in "The Standards" . Therefore, no city built during that period of time could have perfectly embodied the ritual ethics as the exemplary city of Beijing did in the Ming and Qing Dynasty.%通过分析周“礼制”伦理思想对西周和春秋战国时期都城形态元素:宗庙、宫殿和市场的空间形态和布局的影响,阐述了其与《考工记·匠人营国》这一历史文献的关联.提出周“礼制”是在“道”的伦理思想层面上维护了权力的宣扬和继承,而《考工记·匠人营国》则是在“器”层面上指导和实施营建符合周“礼制”的理想化都城模式.只是由于西周和春秋战国时期社会形态和经济技术发展水平的局限才未出现如后世北京那样经典的,符合礼制都城形态的案例.

  12. Human Rationality:The Essence of “Scientific”Which Zhou Zuoren Advocated%人文理性:周作人所倡“科学”的实质内核



      周作人对“五四”时期的主题话语之一的科学,保持着疏远和警惕的态度,因为那时候他专注于文学的园地,强调人文艺术对人类精神的独特价值。从20世纪20年代末期,他内心发生“由情转智”的变化以及与革命文学的论争以后,“科学”成为他最看重的文章主题。他把科学的源头上溯到原始儒家的“疾虚妄”与古典希腊的“爱智慧”精神,实际上是人文理性的立场。这种主张人间生活伦理须以科学知识为本、科学理性又必须合乎人间生活之用的立场,强调“常识”的精神,对于科学工具理性的迷失与当今社会玄虚乱象的匡正,有着巨大的启示意义。%Zhou Zuoren kept alienated from and vigilant against“science”, which was an important theme during the May Fourth period, because at that time he focused on literature, emphasizing the unique value of arts and humanities to human spirit.In the late 1920s, after his change of mind and the controversy of revolutionary literature,“science” became the theme of his most im-portant articles.He traced back to the source of“science”, the original Confucian“disease falseness” and classical Greek spirit of“love of wisdom” which, in fact, is the position of human rationality.The claim that the ethics of human life must be based on scientific knowledge, scientific rationality and must be in line with the position of the life on earth emphasizes the spirit of“common sense” science and instrumental rationality lost in today's mysterious social chaos remedy.It is of great significance to explain the loss of scientific and instrumental rationality and get rid of today's mysterious social chaos.

  13. 独立美与无形功利--论周作人20年代个性的文学观%Independent Aesthetics and Intangible Utilitarian in Double Value of Literature In Zhou Zuoren’s Featured Literature



      在周作人文学思想的演变过程中,文学的价值和作用始终是他关注的焦点。本文围绕周作人在20世纪20年代初期“个性的文学”观,探讨文学的“独立美与无形功利”,其中,最重要的是独立的艺术美,其次才是无形的功利。独立美既是指作品中的真挚强烈的感情和鲜明的个性,又包含着作者对艺术技巧的把握和运用;无形功利是指文艺对读者潜移默化、无意为之的精神涵养的作用。周作人的“独立美与无形功利”既符合文学自身的本质特点,亦是对文学特殊功能的体认和维护。%In the process of Zhou Zuoren’s the literary thought, the literary value and function is his concern. The paper focuses on Zhou’s featured literature in the 1920s to explore independent aesthetics and intangible utilitarian, in which the most significance is the independent artistic aesthetics, and the next intangible utilitarian. Independent aesthetics refers to the passionate feelings and featured characters in works, which contains the understanding and practice of author’s artistic technique, while intangible utilitarian is the intrinsic spiritual functions of literature to readers. Zhou’s theory, “independent aesthetics and intangible utilitarian”, is geared to the nature of literature and to the maintenance and reorganization of particular functions of literature.

  14. 特殊而真实的证词--读周大新的长篇小说《曲终人在》%Analysis of ZhouDaxin's Full-length Novel Quzhongrenzai



    ZhouDaxin's novel Quzhongrenzai is undoubtedly an important works in 2015 about the officers ’ story .Through a copy of testimonies provided by respondents of hero ’ s networking , the author restores an ordinary official's life and psychological journey.Unique narrative ethical tendencies becomes a new scale of this novel , this narrative ethical tendency specifically reflected in writer's moral inquiry of officialdom , and moral thinking on official mission and responsibilities .In addition, seamless connection between novel materials and new and unique art form is also one of the highlights of the novel , and the quasi documentary literature a new liberal form makes the form itself becomes part of the story .%作家周大新的长篇小说新作《曲终人在》无论是从思想内容还是艺术形式来说,都无疑是2015年官场小说的重要收获。作者通过主人公人际关系网中受访者们提供的一份份证词,多角度还原了一个普通官员的人生轨迹和心路历程。独特的叙事伦理倾向成为这部小说的一个新尺度,这种叙事伦理倾向具体体现在作家对官场的道德叩问,对为官的使命、责任的道德思考。此外,小说材料与新颖独特的艺术形式之间的无缝衔接也是这部小说的一大亮点,“拟纪实文学”这种新颖的艺术形式,使得形式本身成为故事的一部分。

  15. Engineering Geological Investigation and Monitor of Jinglan Bridge Reconstruction in LiuZhou%柳州市静兰大桥改建工程地质勘察及监测

    关键超; 韦少典


    柳州市静兰大桥改建工程是将一座1992年8月建成通车、总长550m、主桥为5孔90rn跨的钢筋混凝土箱肋拱桥拆除原地重建,使桥面宽度由原来的16.5m扩至31m,桥面标高由原来的97m升高至98.6m。原桥位于河水中的四个桥墩乃利用石灰岩作浅基础形式,潜水录像显示墩基结构基本完好,但原灌浆固结处理溶蚀沟槽里的砾卵石层已不同程度地被淘蚀。通过勘察工作分析,认为经过基底补强处理后,利用旧桥墩建新桥的方案是可行的。%LiuZhou Jinglan Bridge is a Reinforced concrete box arch bridge, the overall length 550m, The main bridge for 5 holes 90m cross and built in August 1992. The project of the bridge reconstruction is to dismantle and rebuild it in the same place and to broaden the width of the bridge from 16.5 to 31 m, heighten the demarcate height from 97m to 98.6m. The shallow basement modalities of the former four piers lying in the river is limestone, as the diving video shows, the framework of the pier foundation is in good condition. But the former gravel pebble stratum in the corrode groove which treated by grouting concretion has been scouring; Through reconnaissance and job analysis, I think it's feasible that build the new bridge which base on the former piers after reinforcing the fundus.

  16. Mao ZedongZhou Enlai's contribution to solve the Taiwan issue%谈毛泽东、周恩来对解决台湾问题的贡献

    宋继和; 练强


    毛泽东、周恩来为了祖国的完全统一大业,殚精竭虑,辛勤耕耘。在新中国建立后,始终把“解放台湾”、完成祖国完全统一问题放在重要地位,并适时实现了从武力解放到和平解放的战略转变,提出了进行国共第三次合作的倡议,从而有力推动了祖国统一的历史进程。两位伟人密切合作,洞察国内外形势变化,及时制定出符合实际情况的方针、政策,并贯彻落实到实际工作中去。他们的伟大贡献,相得益彰,交相辉映,铸就了中华民族走向完全统一的辉煌之路,为我们后人留下了宝贵的精神遗产。%Mao Zedong and Zhou Enlai racked their brains and worked hard for the complete unification of our motherland. Since the New China established, the liberation of Taiwan in order to complete the reunification of China had been put in an important place. And at the right moment the liberation strategy had been changed from relying on military force to peace. They proposed the third cooperation of the Kuomintang and the Communist Party, and it had promoted the process of reunification powerfully. The two great man cooperated closely and they discerned the change of domestic and foreign situation. Also they worked out the principles and policies on the basis of the reality and carried out them into actual work. Their great contribution complemented to each other and enhaced the other one's beauty. This led the Chinese nation to the unification road magnificently, and it had left the precious energetic inheritance for the posterity.

  17. Afifi Mohammad, Chih Rachida, Marino Brigitte, Michel Nicolas et Tamdogan Isik (ed., Sociétés rurales ottomanes, Ottoman Rural Societies, Institut français d’archéologie orientale, 2005, Le Caire, Cahier des Annales islamologiques 25-2005.

    Colette Establet


    Full Text Available Dans l’introduction, Nicolas Michel part d’une constatation : dans la seconde moitié du xxe siècle, l’éloignement des problématiques marxistes (stade féodal, mode de production asiatique a entraîné un reflux sensible des études rurales dans le domaine ottoman.  Cette évolution est propre à l’histoire ottomane : depuis quelques années, en effet, des historiens britanniques, français, allemands, se sont penchés sur l’étude des campagnes en tant que telles, non pas pour en intégrer l’histoire d...

  18. Nicolae Milescu Spătarul - ancestor of a Nobel Laureate - Ilia I. Mecinikov. Part II. Ilia I. Mecinikov’s life and scientific work; 16th of May 2011 - 166 years since the birth of the European scholar; 15th of July 2011 - 95 years since death

    Dan RIGA


    Full Text Available The work showcases the promotion of Romanian lineage - Nicolae Milescu Spătarul (1636-1708 as ancestor of scientist Ilia Ilici Mecinikov (1845-1916, Nobel Laureate (1908.A great figure in world science and bio-medicine, the scientist - creator of two new modernsciences (immunology and gerontology – is claimed and honoured by four nations: Israeli, French,Russian and Ukrainian. Despite his known Romanian descent on his paternal side – biographicallyconsecrated by his wife Olga Mecinikov – Romania has pushed him into oblivion, by not promotingthis historical truth and reality to all.In our country, Prof. Dr. doc. Ilie Th. Riga (1908-1977 publishes in 1930, in the Romanianmagazine, Natura (Nature, Originea românească a lui Metchnikoff (Metchnikoff’s Romanianorigins. In the 2007-2011 period, two of the authors of the work continuously publish, in thecountry and abroad, thus creating Dosarul ascendenţei româneşti al lui Mecinikov (Mecinikov’sfile on his Romanian lineage, for the global informational civilization. They published their worksin printed version: in scientific magazines (2007, 2011, in their own monograph Medicina antiîmbătrânireşi ştiinţele longevităţii (Anti-aging Medicine and Longevity Sciences, (2007, innewspapers Ziua USA (The Day - USA, (2008 and Clipa. Magazinul Actualităţii CulturaleRomâneşti (The Moment. The Romanian Cultural Current Affairs Magazine, (2011, inEnciclopedia medicală Românească (Encyclopaedia of Romanian Medicine, (2009 and also onSorin Riga, Dan Riga, Vasile Man - Nicolae Milescu Spătarul - ancestor of a Nobel Laureate - Ilia I. Mecinikov...250webpages (the online era: (2010, (2011, (2008, (2011, taken over by other internet websites.

  19. The family name Solimonadaceae Losey et al. 2013 is illegitimate, proposals to create the names 'Sinobacter soli' comb. nov. and 'Sinobacter variicoloris' contravene the Code, the family name Xanthomonadaceae Saddler and Bradbury 2005 and the order name Xanthomonadales Saddler and Bradbury 2005 are illegitimate and notes on the application of the family names Solibacteraceae Zhou et al. 2008, Nevskiaceae Henrici and Johnson 1935 (Approved Lists 1980) and Lysobacteraceae Christensen and Cook 1978 (Approved Lists 1980) and order name Lysobacteriales Christensen and Cook 1978 (Approved Lists 1980) with respect to the classification of the corresponding type genera Solibacter Zhou et al. 2008, Nevskia Famintzin 1892 (Approved Lists 1980) and Lysobacter Christensen and Cook 1978 (Approved Lists 1980) and importance of accurately expressing the link between a taxonomic name, its authors and the corresponding description/circumscription/emendation.

    Tindall, B J


    In a recent publication the name Solimonadaceae Losey et al. 2013 has been proposed as a replacement name for the family name Sinobacteraceae Zhou et al. 2008. This course of action contravenes the current Code governing the nomenclature of prokaryotes, making Solimonadaceae Losey et al. 2013 an illegitimate name that neither has claim to priority nor can be used as a correct name. Closer examination of publications dealing with the taxonomy of members of the genera Solimonas and Sinobacter and the placement of these taxa at the rank of family and order reveal problems associated with the application of the family names Sinobacteraceae Zhou et al. 2008, Nevskiaceae Henrici and Johnson 1935 (Approved Lists 1980) and Lysobacteraceae Christensen and Cook 1978 (Approved Lists 1980) and the order names Lysobacterales Christensen and Cook 1978 (Approved Lists 1980) and Xanthomonadales Saddler and Bradbury 2005.

  20. 周文泉运用柴胡龙骨牡蛎汤合玉屏风散治疗多汗证经验%Experience of ZHOU Wen-quan in treating hyperhidrosis by using Chaihu Longgu Muli Decotion combined with Yupingfeng San

    张晋; 苏博; 陈莹珍; 周文泉


    The basic mechanism of disease in professor ZHOU Wen-quan treated hyperhidrosis was yin-yang disharmony, defense-exterior insecurity. The insufficient yin could not restrain yang causing increased activity of yang results in fever with spontaneous sweating; the syncope with spontaneous sweating was caused by insufficient yang failing to counterbalance yin resulted in relative exuberance of yin, therefore hyperhidrosis was caused by abnormal exuberance of yin or yang. The therapeutic principles of professor ZHOU treated hyperhidrosis were regulalion of yin and yang and tonify qi to secure the exterior, he often had good therapeutic effect in hyperhidrosis used Chaihu Longgu Muli Decetion combined with Yupinfeng San to regulate yin-yang, triple energizers and waterways and benefit qi secure the exterior to treat sweating.%周文泉教授认为多汗证的基本病机为阴阳失和,卫表不固.阴虚阳必凑,发热而自汗;阳虚阴必乘,发厥而自汗,故多汗证皆属阴阳偏胜所致.当以调整阴阳、益气固表为治则.周教授常用柴胡龙骨牡蛎汤合玉屏风散调整阴阳,益气固表,调和气机,调理三焦,调畅水道,治疗多汗证获效良多.

  1. Clinical Thoughts and Experiences of Treating Epididymitis and Orchitis from Stasis and Heat——Application of Professor ZHOU Zhong Ying's Blood Stasis and Heat Pathology Theory in Treatment of Andrology Diseases%从瘀热辨治子痈的临证思路与经验——周仲瑛教授瘀热病机男科运用

    王浩; 薛建国


    国医大师周仲瑛教授结合多年的临床经验对“瘀热”病机理论进行较为系统的论述.在周仲瑛教授指导下,通过文献分析,结合临床实践,初步探讨子痈瘀热的病机概念、临床表现、辨证思路、组方用药特点,并举案例说明,以更好丰富“瘀热”理论,也为子痈的辨证施治提供新的思路.%Based on years of clinical experience,the Chinese medicine great master ZHOU Zhongying has created a systematic pathogenesis theory of "blood stasis and heat".Under the guidance of Professor Zhou's theory,through analysis of the relating literature,and combined with the clinical practice,this paper discusses the pathogenesis,clinical manifestations,thoughts of differentiation and medication characteristics of blood stasis and heat in epididymitis and orchitis,with a case for illustration.It enriches the theory of "blood stasis and heat" and provides new insights for the treatment of epididymitis and orchitis based on syndrome differentiation.

  2. "酒"与"山水之间"和"醉翁之意"——胡风与周扬恩怨是非新论%"Wine", "the Scenery of Mountains and Rivers" and the Intention of "the Drunkard":New Discussion of Gratitude or Resentment between Zhou Yang and Hu Feng for Several Dozens Years



    Many scholars always think that injustice case of Fufeng has a quite big negative function in the feeling of gratitude or resentment between Zhou Yang and Fu Feng. It cannot be denied that Zhou Yang played an irreplaceable function in injustice case of Fufeng and even the rehabiliation process of the case. However, dozens of years' contradiction between Hu Feng and Zhou Yang, and even "the indictment" which Hu Feng accused to Zhou Yang, all belongs to the category of Thought on Literary and Arts. We shall acknowledge the measures and the attitude which Zhou Yang dealt with the issues of Fu Feng, that's not "A wine lover's mind which is not dipped in the bobbled, but dwells in nature", but is the meaning of "the drunkard" who draws support from "the scenery of mountains and rivers" to complete the intention of drinking "wine". Hu Feng's disaster is a tragedy of that time, and its significance exceeds his own destiny completely. Therefore, the theory of literature and arts cannot be tied up together with politics again. It's also the consideration left to posterity. In this way can avoid injustice of disaster because of a personal grudge. If we can't go outside and continue to stand in the "Left" situation to animadvert the loop of strange mighty "Left", we would not be able to be practical and realistic on the fundamental problems in literary, and not to mention to recover the pursuit of human liberation of the spirit of "Wusi", and to recover hominine literature, in particular, the historical tradition of democracy and science.%很多学者总认为周扬和胡风几十年的恩怨在胡风冤案中起了很大负面作用,但胡风和周扬几十年的矛盾乃至他所指控周扬的"罪状"都属于当时主流文艺思想的范畴.周扬在处理胡风问题上所采取的措施和态度,不是"醉翁之意不在酒,在于山水之间",而是"醉翁"借助"山水之间"行"酒"之意.胡风的舛难是一个时代的悲剧,其意义完全超越他个人命运,

  3. Borna disease virus in blood of cattle infect detection in Gui Zhou and surrounding areas%贵州省及部分周边地区牛博尔纳病病毒感染的情况调查

    刘海军; 王长明; 谢婷婷; 王顺旺; 徐平


    with He80/FR (nt 1660 T-C,nt 1669 A-G,nt 1672 C-T mutation rate of 3%). However,there was no change in the encoding amino acid residues. Conclusion There is BDV natural infection probably originated from cattle of Gui Zhou and surrounding areas,also probably is one of the prevalence regions of BDV. BDV might play a potential role in the development of human having correlations with animals.

  4. 3 D Virtual Reality Technology-Based Analysis of Zhou Shixiong' s Action of 5/4 Turn to Handstand on Parallel Bars%基于三维虚拟现实技术对周施雄双杠后上转体450°成倒立动作的分析

    周继和; 王帅; 刘艺; 李溪


    For the first time in the world, Chinese athlete Zhou Shixiong completed 450° turn to handstand on parallel bars. This article applies 3D video analytic method to collect Zhou Shixiong' s kinematic data in the competi-tion, uses immersive 3D virtual reality technology to reconstruct the obtained kinematics data, and makes kine-matics analysis in the form of three dimensional animation after 360° rotation-reproduced observations. The study shows that although Zhou Shixiong completed this action in the game, it is still not perfect. The main problems include that he stretches hip earlier, and his swing scope is slightly wide in upswing stage. This leads to the result that when he supports his body with one arm, the horizontal distance between his body center of gravity and the supporting point is too wide. As a result, his body tilts and this affects his subsequent handstand action. Besides, his two legs are not fully closed in the swiveling phase.%在世界上,中国运动员周施雄首次完成双杠后上转体450°成倒立动作。本文应用三维录像解析法对周施雄在比赛现场所做的后上转体450°成倒立动作采集运动学数据,利用沉浸式三维虚拟现实技术对获得的运动学数据进行重建,通过360°的旋转再现观察,以三维动画的形式进行运动学分析。研究发现周施雄在比赛中虽然完成了这一动作,但还有待完善。主要问题有上摆阶段伸髋较早、幅度稍大,导致在下一阶段的转体过程中单臂支撑的时候人体重心离支撑点的水平距离偏大,身体产生了倾斜,影响了之后的倒立动作,另外在转体阶段两腿并未完全并拢。

  5. Discussion about the Success and Failure of Qian Mu’ s Research Methods in the Ancient Historical Geology---Based on the Methods in Geography Research in Early Zhou Dynasty%钱穆考论古史地理研究方法得失论衡--以《周初地理考》的研究方法为中心

    杨兆贵; 赵殷尚


    钱穆考论古史地理,并不单纯考证地名、地理,他的古史地理研究不属于传统的“地名簿记之学”,而是人文地理学研究的典范。他在《周初地理考》一文中提出周人由山西往陕西迁徙、发展的看法,成为研究周初发展的重要一说。该文运用一些研究古史地理的方法,包括地名研究法,地名迁移,“人以地名,非地以人名”;地望研究法,考论古史地望、人事要结合当时历史条件,以诗释史,运用声韵学等。虽自圆其说,但在研究方法、阐释文献、处理神话与历史的关系等方面都有不足,如:在研究方法上犯了“征之于古迹”“求之于音似”两大毛病;在处理神话方面,把神话人物当作历史人物,没有运用考古资料。这些限制了该文的学术成就。%In his research on the ancient historical geology, Qian Mu didn’ t examine place names and geology only; his researches did not belong to traditional bookkeeping of the place names, but to human geography. In Geography Research in Early Zhou Dynasty, Qian Mu pointed out that Zhou clan who had originally lived in Shanxi province moved to and developed in Shaanxi province, which was an important explanation of how Zhou clan moved in early Zhou Dynasty. In the book, he employed some research methods for studying ancient historical geology, such as toponymy method, place name transfer, people being named after place names rather than place being named after people, location research, examination of the ancient historical geology, people and events with relative historical conditions, the use of poetry to explain history, the usage of phonology and the like. Though he had made out a good case for himself, he had some shortcomings in research method, document explanation, and dealing with the relationship between mythology and history. For example, in research method, he relied on historic sites and similar sounds

  6. 旅游发展对女性角色变迁的影响研究--以大理周城白族女性为例%Analysis of the impact of tourism development on the changing role of women---Taking Dali Zhou Cheng Bai women as an example



    女性参与旅游发展是目的地获得可持续发展的重要前提。缺乏旅游发展对女性角色变迁影响的分析,仅将女性参与作为一个必然的过程而不是文化、经济和政治的过程,是女性参与旅游发展在实践中不能获得真正进步的原因。通过对国内外旅游研究中旅游发展对女性角色变迁的影响研究成果进行介绍,以云南大理周城为例,通过田野调查结果的抽样分析,剖析了周城近21年的旅游发展对周城白族妇女角色变迁影响的主要表现、女性角色变迁对大理周城旅游发展的积极意义和消极影响,提出在金融信贷和旅游发展项目中应充分考虑女性的需要,重视社会性别意识,积极改善女性参政议政环境,加强少数民族女性人力资本投资,以互联网为途径整合线上线下营销渠道,提高女性的文化营销能力。%Female participation in tourism development is an important prerequisite to sustainable develop-ment in destinations.Analysis of the lack of impact of tourism development on the change in female roles,only the female participation as an inevitable process rather than a cultural,economic and political process,female participation in tourism development can not be obtained in practice reason of real progress.Introduces the re-search results of the effects of the relevant research on tourism development of tourism based on domestic and foreign to the feminine role change,taking Yunnan Dali Zhou City as an example,through field investigation and sampling analysis results,analyzes the positive significance of the main performance,influence of Zhou City nearly 21 years of tourism development on the change of Zhou Cheng Bai womenˊs roles of female characters on the change of Dali Zhou City Tourism Development and the negative influence,proposed in the financial credit and tourism development projects give full consideration to the needs of women

  7. Prefaces and Postscripts of the Anthology and Their Literary Power:Focusing on Zhou Bida’ s Preface of Wenyuan Yinghua%总集的序跋与文学史权力--以周必大《〈文苑英华〉序》为例



    总集的序跋中常隐藏着文学史权力,序跋通过文学史权力的运作改变总集文学史地位的现象也常见。《文苑英华》《唐文粹》两者联系本不大,周必大在《〈文苑英华〉序》中提出“《唐文粹》铨择《文苑英华》”之说,有意密切了两者关系,使《文苑英华》成为《唐文粹》母本。这种文学权力的运用属有意而为,明显提高了《文苑英华》的价值,也改变了两总集的文学史地位。“铨择说”多为后人沿用,形成习惯看法,可见其文学史权力影响的深远。%The literary power is usually hidden in the prefaces and postscripts of anthology. This is a common phenomenon,which the prefaces and postscripts change the status of the anthology through their literary power. Tang Wencui and Wenyuan Yinghua didn’t have much contact,but Zhou Bida proposed Tang Wencui selected out from Wenyuan Yinghua in preface of Wenyuan Yinghua. This view made Wenyuan Yinghua and Tang Wencui be the mother-child relationship. This use of literary powers was intentional,it significantly increased the value of Wenyuan Yinghua,but also changed the literary status of two anthologies. Zhou Bida’s view was adopted later and became the prevailing view. It showed the far-reaching influence of the literary power.

  8. 从“普遍”的感化到“趣味”的捕捉新村主义与“五四”前后周作人的文学理念%The Theory of New-village and the Literary Opinion of Zhou Zuoren in the May-forth Movement



    人类主义与个人主义的抽象统一构成了新村的内在理论结构。这种二元架构主导了“五四”初期周作人的文学理念,使其在尊重个体独立性的基础上更强调“为人类”、“普遍感化”的功利文学观。随着新村的失败以及大同理想的破灭,新村主义的内在二元结构也随之瓦解。周作人放弃了救世主义的文学观,转而以日益贵族化的“自我”为本位,通过捕捉文学的趣味来寻求精神的慰籍。%The internal structural of the New-village theory was made up with the integration of humanism and individualism. This dualistic structure decided the literature opinion of Zhou Zuoren in the early time of May-forth Movement, and made it become a kind of Literary Utilitarianism. After the failure of the New Village and the dream of Utopia, the dualistic structure of New-village theory was broken up. Zhou gave up his Messianism theory and turned to the literary individualism, which became more aristocratic and selfish in that time.

  9. 周恩来对二十世纪六十年代初期中巴关系根本改善的奠基性贡献*%Zhou Enlai' s Ground-breaking Contribution to the Fundamental Improvement of the Sino-Pakistani Relations in the Early 1960s



    Against the international background of Cold War the Sino-Pakistani relations remained lukewarm throughout the 1950s. However, the relations between the two countries were fundamentally improved in the early 1960s. Zhou opposed Pakistan' s joining the Western camp but at the same time was in favor of having friendly exchanges with this country. He kept to an impartial stand on the dispute between India and Pakistan over Kashmir. In the border talks between China and Pakistan, he combined principle with flexibility and solved the border question between the two neighbors carefully and skillfully. What Zhou Enlai did won friendship and trust from Pakistan and laid foundations for fundamental improvement of the Sino-Pakistani relations in the early 1960s.%在冷战的世界格局下,整个20世纪50年代,中巴关系一直处于不冷不热的境况。60年代初期,两国关系才有了根本性的改善。周恩来反对巴基斯坦加入西方阵营,同时主张和巴基斯坦进行友好交往;在印巴之间存在争议的克什米尔问题上,他坚持公正立场;在中巴边界谈判问题上,他采取原则性和灵活性相结合的方法,妥善解决了两国之间的边界问题。周恩来的这些做法赢得了巴基斯坦的信任和友谊,为60年代初期中巴关系的根本改善奠定了基础。

  10. 广州市海珠区育龄妇女口腔健康状况及口腔保健认知程度调查%The Investigation of Oral Health Status and the command of oral health knowledge among Reproductive Women in Haishu District of GuangZhou

    吴胜; 胡飚; 周媛; 张华


    目的 了解广州市育龄妇女口腔健康状况及掌握口腔健康知识与行为的情况,为制定健康教育策略提供依据.方法 采用随机抽样的方法对400例已婚未育妇女进行口腔检查及口腔知识问卷调查.结果 海珠区育龄妇女口腔健康状况较差,400例已婚未育妇女中有172例患龋齿,占43%;且400例已婚未育妇女的口腔健康知识均比较贫乏.结论 应大力提倡育龄妇女关注妊娠期口腔保健及治疗的基本知识,为优生优育提供保障.%Objective To investigate the oral health status and the command of oral health knowledge among the women of childbearing age in Haizhu district of GuangZhou, and provide evidence for making oral health education strategy.Methods Oral examinations and oral health surveys were carried out in 400 reproductive women with randomized sampling method. Results The reproductive women in Haizhu district of GuangZhou had poor oral health knowledge. Among the 400 women, 172 ones had decayed teeth, counted for 43 percent. Conclusion Oral health protection of reproductive women should be strongly advocated, so that it can provide guarantee for reproduction.

  11. 广州市海珠区育龄妇女口腔健康状况和口腔保健意识行为调查%Investigation of oral health status, consciousness and behavior of reproductive women in Haizhu District of GuangZhou

    吴胜; 胡飚; 劳文茵


    目的:了解广州市育龄妇女口腔健康状况及其掌握优生优育促进方面的口腔健康知识和行为的情况,为制定健康促进策略提供依据.方法:采用横断面研究的方法对400例已婚未育妇女进行口腔检查和优生优育促进方面的口腔知识问卷调查.结果:海珠区育龄妇女患龋率(CPR)为43%,龋均(DMF)为3.2;息龈炎率为62%,牙龈指数(GI)为1.6;20.8%妇女答对3/4以上健康知识问题,12.8%妇女答对全部口腔健康知识问题.使用牙线、漱口水的妇女分别为7.25%、14%.结论:海珠区育龄妇女口腔健康状况处于较差水平,优生优育促进方面的口腔健康知识贫乏,口腔保健行为有待改善.%AIM: To investigate the oral health status of women in childbearing age in Haizhu district ofCuangZhou in order to provide evidence for strategy of oral health education. METHODS: Oral examinations and oral health surveys were carried out in 400 reproductive women with randomized sampling method. RESULTS: Caries prevalence was 43% ,with DMFT of 3. 2. Sixty-two percent of reproductive women showed gingival bleeding on probing. Gingival index was 1.6. 20. 8% of women answered at least three fourths of the questions about oral health correctly. Only 12.8% of the women answered all questions correctly. The use of dental floss or mouthwash was 7. 25% and 14% respectively. CONCLUSION: The oral health status and knowledge about prepotency of reproductive women in Haizhu district of GuangZhou was poor. Oral health education and oral health promotion should be strengthened for women at child-bearing age.

  12. ZHOU Ru-chang's Subjective Idealism in His Research of “A Dream of Red Mansions” and Reason Why His Research in Popularity%周汝昌研究《红楼梦》的主观唯心论及其走红的原因



    In the first decade of the 21st century there appeared an anti-fraud movement in the research circle of "A Dream of Red Mansions" in which Mr.ZHOU ru-chang was revealed as a negative typicality who had a weak foundation in researching the masterpiece.Mr.ZHOU belongs to the school of searching for hidden meanings.ZHOU's remarks about "A Dream of Red Mansions",his research on the history of CAO Xue-qin,the author of the book,and his dishonorable academic behavior fully reflect his subjective idealism and all reveal that he is a negative typicality.The reason why ZHOU's research and the school of searching for hidden meanings are in popularity is that the redology circle,media and some influential forces concerned have added fuel to the flame.%在21世纪第一个10年,一场严肃的红学打假斗争深入进行着。这场斗争揭露周汝昌国学底子较差,名利心太重,一生治学,为此所误。他过去有关《红楼梦》的研究,其本质属新索隐派的龙门红学。周汝昌解读《红楼梦》文本、对曹雪芹及其家世历史的研究,以及不端学术行为,充分表现出主观唯心主义的特点,——证明他的红学是"反《红楼梦》"的典型代表。周汝昌新索隐派龙门红学之所以走红,红学界、新闻媒体和主管文化思想的相关领导难辞其咎。

  13. The Study of Mistakes and Countermeasure in Public Security Intelligence Work in the Case of Zhou Ke-hua%公安情报工作的失误与对策研究--基于周克华案件的反思



    On the morning of August 14th, 2012, the armed robbery homicide of Suxiangyu series has been solved with the suspect of it, Zhou Kehua, being shot to death in Chongqing. It is public security intelligence work that has played an important role during detecting the case of Zhou Kehua successfully. But it also exposes many deifciencies in China’s public security intelligence work. Such as the weak information infrastructure, the unitary information content, the backward management system, and scare talents in public security intelligence major. Therefore, it is necessary to ifrmly set up a concept of“Intelligence-led policing”, increase the funds in public security intelligence work, develop professional talents in relevant majors, and pay more attention to the analysis and researches of intelligence information. Finally, the focus is to establish a highly shared intelligence information work system.%2012年8月14日清晨,苏湘渝系列持枪抢劫杀人案的犯罪嫌疑人周克华在重庆被击毙,全案得以告破。本案的成功侦破,公安情报工作在其中发挥了重要的作用。但在案件侦破的过程中,也暴露了我国公安情报工作存在着基础设施薄弱、情报内容单一、管理体制滞后、情报共享性差等问题。为此,应该牢固树立“情报信息主导警务”的理念,加大对公安情报工作的经费投入,加强情报信息的分析研判,建立高度共享的情报信息工作体系。

  14. On Zhou Zuoren's Ideas in Wartime: Focusing on His Yaotang Yulu and Shufang Yijiao%周作人战时思想散论——以《药堂语录》、《书房一角》为中心



    抗战时期,国人普遍动员身体的当儿,周作人反而禁闭了身体,不给它作出象征姿态的权利.周作人表彰嘉言懿行,传述奇人轶事,恐怕是在激励民气,伸张国人的正气.这些文章或者可以视为新,表达了对于生活的敬重和理想人性的追求.周作人考察一部书的历史、一个人的生平、一种时代的陋见、一种态度的表现,表面上不出个人的兴趣,实在倒是谋求公共空间的话语权,替再一次的文化废墟营造精神的家园.%In the Anti-Japanese War, when his compatriots devoted their bodies to defending their country, Zhou Zuoren confined his body to his study, depriving it of the right to adopt a symbolic patriotic pose. How-ever, it is very likely that he was trying his best to boost morale and promote the sense of justice for his fellow citizens through his writings about the lofty thoughts and heroic deeds of some legendary people. These writings can be regarded as the modern equivalent of Shishuo Xinyu, which embodies a respect of life and a pursuit of the ideal personalities. Superficially, Zhou's explorations of the history of a certain book, the ups and downs of certain people, and the backward mentality in a certain period in his works or his expressions of his own atti-tudes do not go beyond his own personal interests, but actually what he did is to pursue the right to speak in the public space and to restore the spiritual home on the cultural ruins.

  15. 国家海洋经济战略下的商务岛规划探索——浙江舟山群岛新区小干岛商务区城市设计%The Experiment of Urban Planning under the National Marine Economy Strategy——XiaoGan Islands Business District Urban Design in ZhouShan Islands New Area, Zhejiang



      In 2011, with the new marine economy situation, the State, Council of China approved to establish the 4th State New Area, ZhouShan Islands New Area. XiaoGan Island wil be the carrier of the strategy “Four Islands and One City” . It wil become the“Sea Garden City”, the demostration area of ZhouShan Islands, the pioneer area of the state strategy which will coordinate the development land and sea. XiaoGan Island will take a very important role of national marine economy, to dislocate and supplement with the Yangtze River Metropolitan Area, to enhance and improve the function of the ZhouShan Islands, carry forward the marine culture, create the island-seaside life. It will be the island of “international, financial, business and intelligence”, with the core of marine finance business and the characteristic of marine culture. For the reason of implement the national strategy, accelerate the planning and construction of ZhouShan Islands New Area, the Construction Committee and the Planning Bureau of ZhouShan organized the international urban design competition. Shanghai Urban Planning and Design Research Institute participated the competition and submitted the project. This project wil provide the revelation and demonstration to form the planning mode of island business district which is under the guidance of the marine economy.%  2011年,在海洋经济新形势下,国务院正式批准设立第四个国家新区,即以海洋经济为主题的新区——舟山群岛新区。小干岛成为新区“四岛一城”战略的载体——我国陆海统筹发展先行区舟山群岛“海上花园城”的示范区。小干岛将承担国家海洋经济重任,与长三角都市圈错位互补,提升和完善舟山群岛功能格局,并发扬海洋文化,营造岛岸生活,成为以海洋金融商务为核心、海洋文化为特色的国际金融商务智慧岛。为落实国家战略,加快舟山群岛新区的规划与建设,舟

  16. View on the Measurement Model of the Spillover Effect of Educational Investment:A Discussion with Zhou Sheng, Liu Zhengliang%关于教育投入外溢效益计量模型之我见--与周胜、刘正良商榷

    胡庆十; 吴怡兴


    教育的经济效益有两大类和多个层次。教育的外溢效益是其间接效益的一类,包括三个层次。构建外溢效益的计量经济模型应有基本的要求,才会有科学的结论,尤其是关于第二、第三层次的效益模型。本文对周胜、刘正良构建的模型提出质疑,指出并分析其模型构建的不当之处和由此模型得出的多个错误结论。%The economic effect of education has two categories and multiple levels. The spillover effect of education, which contains three levels, is one kind of indirect economic effects. To construct econometric model of spillover effect, especially benefit model about the second and third level, we need to have the basic requirements, so that there will be scientific conclusions. This paper questions the model brought by Zhou Sheng and Liu Zhengliang, and points out and analyzes the improprieties of the model and the wrong conclusions inferred by the model.

  17. Data mining analysis of medical record of large samples ‘blood stasis and heat' raised by professor ZHOU Zhong-ying%基于周仲瑛教授大样本“瘀热”病案数据挖掘分析研究报告

    叶放; 李国春; 沈波; 金路; 周学平; 吴勉华


    Objective: Exploring the clinical experience of refractory disease from large sample of 'blood stasis and heat' medical record by Chinese medicine Master Professor ZHOU Zhong-ying. Methods: 1024 cases of "blood stasis and heat" medical record were selected from 5005 cases treated by Professor ZHOU Zhong-ying, blood stasis and heat medical record database was established. Four diagnostic information, pathogenesis elements, herbs were analyzed. Results: ①incidence of blood stasis and heat pathogenesis was 20.1%, 160 kinds of diseases of internal medicine, surgery, gynecology, paediatrics were involved. ② pathogenesis of blood stasis and heat is characterized by mouth dry, dry stool, fatigue, dark urine, hypochondriac pain, abdomen bloating, dizziness, joint discomfort, etc. (more than 11%). ③pathological factors is characterized by heat, blood stasis, blood stasis and heat (more than 50%), disease location, mainly by liver, kidney, all internal organs involved. ④recipe of cooling blood and resolving stasis is characterized by rhino horn Rehmanniae decoction, peach kernel decoction, didang decoction, Bai Wei decoction. Conclusion: Pathogenesis of 'blood stasis and heat' can be presented in many difficult cases, clinical information representation can be found, it may often associated with other complex pathogenesis, such as Yin-deficiency.%目的:通过大样本病案分析总结、整理国医大师周仲瑛教授从“瘀热”论治内科难治性疾病的临床经验.方法:从周仲瑛教授经治的6005例临床病案中选择“瘀热”病案1024例,建立“瘀热”病案数据库,从瘀热相关四诊信息、病机证素、方药3个方面进行总结分析.结果:①“瘀热”病机在临床病案中出现率为20.8%,涉及内外妇儿等科160种疾病;②瘀热病机信息表征依次是口干、便干、乏力、尿黄、胁痛、神疲、腹胀、头昏、关节不适等(均超过11%);③涉及病理因素以热、瘀、

  18. On the “Two South”of The Book of Songs and Their Conveyance of the Ritual Music Spirit in Western Zhou Dynasty---Taking the Excavated Documents for Example%《诗经》“二南”对西周礼乐精神的传达--以出土文献为参照



    While Ji Zha viewed the “Two South”of The Book of Songs as the roots of the State,Con-fucius also hailed them as the soul of cultivating ones morality.However,people today have realized that the 25 poems contained are mainly concerned with love and marriage,which are far from the teaching of the very foundation of establishing ones self and constructing the State.Since Han dynasty,Confucianism scholars have exerted upmost efforts to maintain their special status,coming up with the many farfetched interpretations.So far there remain disputes over the nature of “Two South”of The Book of Songs.This paper,by using the excavated documents,attempts to reveal the real meaning of some of most controversial poems.Its found that, “Two South”were collected and artistically processed within the core area of the East and West Capital during early Western Zhou peri-od when Zhou Gong was creating rituals and music.Those poems mostly depict the etiquette contents of the relationships of marriage.Among them,Guan Ju is a template of the noblescourtship in the formal way.Han Guang is a vivid description of the etiquette of turning a girl into a woman and that of returning a horse.Ye You Si J un is the reproduction of the etiquette of bride-price,reconfirming an ap-pointment and “arranging the brides head scarf”during the marriage.The latter two poems are also a reveal of information of etiquette and custom of “Zhi Zhu Qian Ma”.In a word,these poems are not only vivid preserving of the noblesetiquette and custom related to love and marriage,but also the con-veyance of the spirit of observing the etiquette related to how the noble cultivate their moral character and manage the familys affairs well.%季札称《诗经》的《周南》《召南》为国之根基,孔子崇其为立身之本。而依今人眼光看,此二十五首作品多不过是些婚恋诗,似与立国立身相去甚远。另外,汉代以来的儒生为神化其价值,又不惜作出种

  19. ZHANG Yi-zhou Experience for a Stagnation of Nourishing Yin and Soothing Liver to Treat the Syndrome before and after Menopause%张翼宙自拟滋阴疏肝汤治疗绝经前后诸证经验拾零

    董会敬; 张翼宙


    Physician ZHANG Yi-zhou thinks deficiency of the liver and kidney is mainly caused by the syndrome before and after men-opause , and that pathogenesis is“nourishing liver and kidney, relieving the depressed liver”. She proposes the principle of“nourishing liver and kidney and relieving liver-qi stagnation”, as well as making the Ziyin shugan Decoction. The decoction is composed of Qing-hao Biejia Decoction complicated with the herbs of relievering the depressed liver. During clinical diagnosis and treatment,if cough’ s mainly organ are liver and kidney,with syndrome including menstrual disorder, vexation,insomnia, hestic fever,night sweat etc,Ziyin shugan Decoction can be applied in the appropriate to add and subtract.%张翼宙教授认为门诊病人绝经前后诸证多为肝肾亏虚所致,病机多为肝肾阴亏、肝气郁结,据此并提出滋补肝肾、疏肝解郁的治则,自拟滋阴疏肝汤。自拟方由青蒿鳖甲汤合并疏肝解郁药加减化裁而成。临床诊治中,若病变主脏在肝肾,证见月经紊乱、心烦失眠、烘热盗汗等,大抵可投以滋阴疏肝汤加减。

  20. The Adaptation Analysis of the English Writing Errors-Based on Freshmen Majored in English of XinZhou Teachers University%专业英语写作错误的顺应分析--基于忻州师范学院英语专业大一学生的实证研究



    Based on the Adaptation Theory ,the author analyses compositions from the freshmen of English major in XinZhou Teachers University .The results show that :The main errors existing in writing of fresh‐men majored in English mainly focused on the context adaptation and language structure adaptation .Con‐text adaptation can be reflected in semantic consistency and the use of subjuctivemood and language struc‐ture adaptation can be reflected in lexical ,syntactic structure ,and grammar rules .Finally the paper ex‐plores the causes of these errors under the guidance of Adaptation Theory and puts forward the corre‐sponding strategies for students'w riting mistakes .%以忻州师范学院英语专业大一学生的英语习作为语料,在顺应理论的指导下运用归纳法对其进行研究,结果表明:英语专业大一学生写作中存在的错误类型主要集中于语意连贯性的语境顺应和词汇、句法结构、语法规则使用错误等语言结构顺应方面,同时探究造成这些错误的原因,并在顺应理论的指导下针对学生写作错误提出了相应的策略。

  1. From the"Chen Yong-zhou incident"to talk about the influence of news occupation ethics on media credibility%从“陈永洲事件”谈新闻职业操守对媒体公信力的影响



    记者收受钱财,代人捉刀,成为商业恶性竞争的一步棋子,近年来屡见不鲜。而当真相赤裸裸的展现在世人面前时,媒体的公信力也正逐渐淹没在公众的质问和声讨中,“陈永洲事件”的轰动效应可见一斑。新媒体时代,公共信息愈发透明清晰,刻意隐藏真相反而显得欲盖弥彰,这也敦促着媒体人作为社会之公器,讲真话,办实事,坚守新闻伦理,秉持最基本的专业素养和职业操守,才能挽救岌岌可危的公信力。%The reporter receive money, the ghost, a row of commercial competition, in recent years It is often seen. But when the truth naked show in the world, the credibility of the media is also gradually submerged question in public and condemn,"remarkable sensation Chen Yong-zhou events". The new media era, public information more transparent and clear, deliberately hiding the truth becomes clearer, this also urged the media as a social justice, to tell the truth, do solid work, adhere to the news ethics, uphold the basic professional quality and occupation ethics, in order to save the precarious credibility.

  2. 乡村旅游安全研究——以福建省泉州市北溪村为例%Study on the security of rural tourism-- A case study of Bei Xi village, Quan Zhou City, Fujian Province

    刘海燕; 池进


    Although recent years the rural tourism develops well, and the research of rural tourism increases greatly, the current study on the research content to the domestic rural tourism lacks of system, mature, and the research framework is too separated. In addition, the representative research result of rural tourism empirical study and the security research is far from perfect. Therefore, the article takes Yong Chun county, Bei Xi village, Quan Zhou City, Fujian Province as their research ob- jects, analyzing the reason of rural tourism security from the tourism links, such as food and accommodation, by means of ques- tionnaire, interviews, experimental observation, literature analysis and mathematical statistics. At last, the corresponding measures of solving the existed problem in the rural tourism security are proposed.%虽然近几年乡村旅游发展势头良好,关于乡村旅游的研究也不断增多,但是目前国内针对乡村旅游的研究内容不够系统、成熟,研究框架较分散。另外,关于乡村旅游的实证研究、安全研究以及具有代表性的研究成果较少。文章以福建省泉州市永春县北溪村为研究对象,运用问卷调查法、访谈法、实地考察法、文献分析法和数理统计法,从餐饮、住宿等旅游环节分析乡村旅游安全的原因。最后,针对乡村旅游安全所存在的问题提出相应对策。

  3. Conversations with American Composers: Ev Grimes Interviews Nicolas Slonimsky.

    Grimes, Ev


    Born in Russia in 1894, Nicholas Slonimsky founded the Chamber Orchestra of Boston and was the editor of the latest three editions of Baker's "Biographical Dictionary of Music." In this interview he talks about his life in music and his love of teaching music. (RM)

  4. Nicolas-Louis De La Caille astronomer and geodesist

    Glass, I S


    La Caille was one of the observational astronomers and geodesists who followed Newton in developing ideas about celestial mechanics and the shape of the earth. He provided data to the great 18th-century mathematicians involved in understanding the complex gravitational effects that the heavenly bodies have on one another. Observing from the Cape of Good Hope, he made the first ever telescopic sky survey and gave many of the southern constellations their present-day names. He measured the paths of the planets and determined their distances by trigonometry. In addition, he made a controversial measurement of the radius of the earth that seemed to prove it was pear-shaped. On a practical level, La Caille developed the method of `Lunars' for determining longitudes at sea. He mapped the Cape. As an influential teacher he propagated Newton's theory of universal gravitation at a time when it was only beginning to be accepted on the European continent. This book gives the most comprehensive overview so far avail...

  5. Majanduspatriotism rajaneb müüdil / Nicolas Veron

    Veron, Nicolas


    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 8. nov. lk. 10, Molodjozh Estonii 17. nov. lk. 8-9 (täistekst). Majandusliku patriotismi mõiste. Euroopa suurfirmade kodumaal teenitud kogutulude maht väheneb. Tabel

  6. Kool annab Keenia tüdrukutele vabaduse / Nicolas Delaunay

    Delaunay, Nicolas


    Lugu Halimast, kes pandi 13-aastaselt mehele. Abikaasa lubas liituda abiorganisatsiooni Save The Children kooliprogrammiga kohalikus koolis õppimiseks, igal semestril makstakse 30 dollarit stipendiumi. Ka tüdruku isa leiab, et tütre haridus toob nende ellu lisaväärtust, võimaldab tal tulevikus leida paremat tööd

  7. Dictionnaire biographique des musiciens / Baker, Theodore, Slonimsky, Nicolas

    Baker, Theodore


    Eesti muusikutest: Aarne, Els (lk. 1). Aav, Evald (1). Aavik, Juhan (2). Eller, Heino (1149). Ernesaks, Gustav (1180). Järvi, Neeme (1951). Kapp. Artur (2036). Kapp, Eugen (2036). Kapp, Villem (2037). Kasemets, Udo (2050-2051). Mägi [Myagi], Ester (2923). Pärt, Arvo (3114-3115). Rääts, Jaan (3321). Saar, Mart (3558). Sumera, Lepo (4099). Tamberg, Eino (4151). Tobias, Rudolf (4240). Tubin, Eduard (4288)

  8. Vabaduse ilmingud / Nicolas Boldych ; tõlkinud Viiviann Jõemets

    Boldych, Nicolas


    Eesti kultuurifestivali raames eesti kaasaegse kunsti näitus "Vabadus" ("Liberté") Pariisis Château d'Asniéres's 19.11.-04.12.2011, kuraator Kaia Kiik. Loetletud kunstnikud. Kirke Kangro, Aili Vahtrapuu, Louis Dandreli ja Viiviann Jõemetsa, Terje Ojaveri, Jüri Ojaveri, Marko Mäetamme, Ly Lestbergi, Einike Leppiku, Jaanika Peerna, Kaia Kiige, Flo Kasearu, Jass Kaselaane ja Veronika Valgu töödest

  9. Dictionnaire biographique des musiciens / Baker, Theodore, Slonimsky, Nicolas

    Baker, Theodore


    Eesti muusikutest: Aarne, Els (lk. 1). Aav, Evald (1). Aavik, Juhan (2). Eller, Heino (1149). Ernesaks, Gustav (1180). Järvi, Neeme (1951). Kapp. Artur (2036). Kapp, Eugen (2036). Kapp, Villem (2037). Kasemets, Udo (2050-2051). Mägi [Myagi], Ester (2923). Pärt, Arvo (3114-3115). Rääts, Jaan (3321). Saar, Mart (3558). Sumera, Lepo (4099). Tamberg, Eino (4151). Tobias, Rudolf (4240). Tubin, Eduard (4288)

  10. Status of translocated sea otters at San Nicolas Island, California

    Rathbun, Galen B.; Hatfield, Brian B.; Murphey, Thomas G.


    In the 1970s about 1,650 southern sea otters (Enhydra lutris nereis) were restricted to the central California coast (Riedman and Estes, 1990), and a high volume of oil was being shipped through the region. Because of the vulnerability of sea otters to contamination from oil (Costa and Kooyman, 1982; Williams and Davis, 1995) that would likely spread wide- ly along the shore after a large spill (Van- Blaricom and Jameson, 1982), the subspecies was listed as threatened in 1977 under the United States Endangered Species Act.

  11. Kool annab Keenia tüdrukutele vabaduse / Nicolas Delaunay

    Delaunay, Nicolas


    Lugu Halimast, kes pandi 13-aastaselt mehele. Abikaasa lubas liituda abiorganisatsiooni Save The Children kooliprogrammiga kohalikus koolis õppimiseks. Ka tüdruku isa leiab, et tütre haridus võimaldab tal tulevikus leida paremat tööd

  12. Majanduspatriotism rajaneb müüdil / Nicolas Veron

    Veron, Nicolas


    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 8. nov. lk. 10, Molodjozh Estonii 17. nov. lk. 8-9 (täistekst). Majandusliku patriotismi mõiste. Euroopa suurfirmade kodumaal teenitud kogutulude maht väheneb. Tabel

  13. Modernistid modernismi vastu : Loos, Schenker ja ilustuste kriitika / Nicolas Cook

    Cook, Nicolas


    Seoseid tänapäeva tuntuima muusikaanalüüsi meetodi leiutaja Heinrich Schenkeri teooria ja Viini modernistliku arhitekti Adolf Loosi ornamendikriitika vahel. Ettekanne Pärnu Nüüdismuusika Päevade konverentsil 2005

  14. Ottaviano Mascarino in Tivoli: the Church of San Nicola

    Marco Pistolesi


    Full Text Available The essay aims to include the church of St. Nicholas in Tivoli, built between 1588 and 1596 for the Roman hospital of S. Spirito in Sassia, between Ottaviano Mascarino’s works: in that period he was official architect of that religious hospital order. The allocation relies mainly on documents kept in the State Archive of Rome, but is also supported by a detailed analysis of the type and elements of the architectural language. The chapel is compared with some drawings of Mascarino: one of them reproduces the plan of the church of S. Maria del Piano in Capranica, designed by Vignola, from which our building unquestionably derives. The comparison with the drawings quoted in the text emphasizes a real research conducted by Mascarino, who used to repeat some shapes and stylistic elements in his projects of sacred and civil architecture. The essay finally enters the chapel in the context of the Roman architectural production of the end of the sixteenth century, but also notes how some aspects seem to anticipate compositional schemes that will emerge permanently in the early decades of the next century. Keywords: Aedicule-shaped facade, banded architectural order,  biaxial plan, two-apsed hall, Ottaviano Mascarino.

  15. Modernistid modernismi vastu : Loos, Schenker ja ilustuste kriitika / Nicolas Cook

    Cook, Nicolas


    Seoseid tänapäeva tuntuima muusikaanalüüsi meetodi leiutaja Heinrich Schenkeri teooria ja Viini modernistliku arhitekti Adolf Loosi ornamendikriitika vahel. Ettekanne Pärnu Nüüdismuusika Päevade konverentsil 2005

  16. Vabaduse ilmingud / Nicolas Boldych ; tõlkinud Viiviann Jõemets

    Boldych, Nicolas


    Eesti kultuurifestivali raames eesti kaasaegse kunsti näitus "Vabadus" ("Liberté") Pariisis Château d'Asniéres's 19.11.-04.12.2011, kuraator Kaia Kiik. Loetletud kunstnikud. Kirke Kangro, Aili Vahtrapuu, Louis Dandreli ja Viiviann Jõemetsa, Terje Ojaveri, Jüri Ojaveri, Marko Mäetamme, Ly Lestbergi, Einike Leppiku, Jaanika Peerna, Kaia Kiige, Flo Kasearu, Jass Kaselaane ja Veronika Valgu töödest

  17. Viie tärni haiglad / Joe Flower ; tõlk. Marian Raamat

    Flower, Joe


    Tervihoiuasutuste äristrateegiast, mis põhineb patsientide kohtlemisel klientidena USA Connecticuti tööstuspiirkonnas asuva Griffini haigla näitel. Vt. samas: Tallinna suurima haigla juht Tõnis Allik: klienditeenindus tervishoius ei määra täna patsiendi valikuid

  18. Professionaalid ja diletandid Pärnu kunsti ühisrindel/ Marian Kivila, Ville-Karel Viirelaid

    Kivila, Marian


    Pärnu moodsa kunsti aastanäitusest linnagaleriis ja kunstihallis, mille kuraator on Andrus Joonas. Kunstihalli aastanäituse pealkirjaks on "Me oleme langenud inglid, kes peavad üles tõusma". Ka võrdlus sügisnäitusega

  19. Pärnu fideofest kui maailma köök / Marian Kivila

    Kivila, Marian, 1985-


    9.-13. augustini toimunud Pärnu filmi- ja videofestivalist Pärnu Kunstnike Majas, kaubanduskeskuses Port Artur 2 ja "Like-Kuldrula" rulafestivalil. Rahvusvahelise video- ja filmiprogrammi pani kokku Ville-Karel Viirelaid

  20. Pärnu fideofest kui maailma köök / Marian Kivila

    Kivila, Marian, 1985-


    9.-13. augustini toimunud Pärnu filmi- ja videofestivalist Pärnu Kunstnike Majas, kaubanduskeskuses Port Artur 2 ja "Like-Kuldrula" rulafestivalil. Rahvusvahelise video- ja filmiprogrammi pani kokku Ville-Karel Viirelaid

  1. Taanlane Finn Poulsen saab Eesti lasteteatri preemia / Finn Poulsen ; interv. Marian Männi

    Poulsen, Finn


    Rootsis tegutsev lavastaja Finn Poulsen pälvib Salme Reegi preemia Emajõe Suveteatris lavastatud "Romeo ja Signe" eest. Preemia andmisel võttis žürii arvesse ka tema varasemaid töid Vanemuises kui ka nukuteatris

  2. Taanlane Finn Poulsen saab Eesti lasteteatri preemia / Finn Poulsen ; interv. Marian Männi

    Poulsen, Finn


    Rootsis tegutsev lavastaja Finn Poulsen pälvib Salme Reegi preemia Emajõe Suveteatris lavastatud "Romeo ja Signe" eest. Preemia andmisel võttis žürii arvesse ka tema varasemaid töid Vanemuises kui ka nukuteatris

  3. Viie tärni haiglad / Joe Flower ; tõlk. Marian Raamat

    Flower, Joe


    Tervihoiuasutuste äristrateegiast, mis põhineb patsientide kohtlemisel klientidena USA Connecticuti tööstuspiirkonnas asuva Griffini haigla näitel. Vt. samas: Tallinna suurima haigla juht Tõnis Allik: klienditeenindus tervishoius ei määra täna patsiendi valikuid

  4. From Marianism to terrorism: the many faces of violence against women in Latin America.

    Rondon, M B


    Violence against women is widespread and highly tolerated in Latin America. In this paper, I will argue that this is because violence stems from deep cultural roots and because women are brought up in a patriarchal familial organization which promotes passivity and dependence. Traditional religious culture, which poses the Virgin Mary figure as role model, is ambivalent and distorted, repressing sex while overvaluing motherhood and self denial and demeaning women who do not conform to the established stereotypes. Patriarchal violence has serious emotional consequences for women. The stressful violent circumstances in women's lives lead to increased drug abuse that further exposes them to police and institutional violence. Political instability and civil wars in South America have caused many deaths, and have left many women with traumatic sequelae. Efforts at improving quality of life and diminishing violent conditions for women and girls in Latin America should include consideration of local cultural, political and economic peculiarities.

  5. The Political Market Imagination and the Analysis on China’s Governance:A Comment on Zhou Li-An’s Theory of Administrative Subcontract%政治市场想象与中国国家治理分析兼评周黎安的行政发包制理论



    In recent years economists have shown great interest in studying China’s governance .Despite differences ,their studies share a common imagination about the Chinese state ,named“political market” in this paper . In this imagination , three dimensions of Chinese state have been paid special attention to , that is , marketability ,multiagency‐orientation ,and politicalness .Zhou Li‐An’ s theory of administrative subcontract has made important contribution to all these three areas , and ends up greatly advancing the research on China’s governance from an economic perspective .The political market imagination ,however ,tends to overemphasize the marketability of the state at the expense of slighting its political‐ness . Just in the same vein of bias ,Zhou’ s article is in a weak position to specify the property and function of the state’s power ,and to define the concepts related .Despite this ,the political market imagination and Zhou’ s theory have still provided the scholars , including those outside economics , with a proactive , integrative , and analytical framework based on which they can build their theorization on China’s governance .%近年来,经济学越来越多地介入有关中国国家治理问题的研究。经济学对这一问题的关注始终围绕关于国家的“政治市场想象”展开。该想象有三个核心关切,即国家的市场性、多主体性和政治性。周黎安的“行政发包制”理论在这三个维度的每一个方面都有重要发展,将经济学的中国国家治理研究推进到一个新的高度。但“政治市场想象”重视国家的市场性而轻忽其政治性的倾向,也使周黎安模型对权力问题的分析较为薄弱,以致造成核心概念的界定不够清晰等问题。尽管如此,“政治市场想象”仍为中国国家治理研究提供了一个颇有启发性和整合性的思想框架。

  6. New Understanding of the Date of Emperor Zhou - mu and Queen West at Kunlun Mountain:On History Complex and Nature Space%周穆王与西王母昆仑之会的新阐释——兼论“历史情结”与自然空间



    远古神话周穆王与西王母昆仑之会,在跨越自然空间的“心”、“物”交感中,孕育出中土与西域心心相系的古老的“历史情结”;又以人的“文化的超机体因素”超越自然生态的“种内关系”,而且大胆实施空间创造,把纷繁复杂的现实因素转化为“柔远能迩”、“和远又和近”的空间思辨;同时在“心”随“物”(自然空间)游中,展开对自然的诗意想象,以生命的执着冲破内心孤独,努力践行追求和谐、统一的空间行为,从而在“原生态自然”中编织了关于中原与西域不可分割的“生命”之链,升华了“历史情结”。%In Chinese ancient myth, the date of Queen West and Emperor Zhou -mu gestated the old epenthetic historic complex between Chinese middle land and Western territory in the supernatural spatial interaction of mind and thing. On the other hand, they didn't only surpass natural ecosystem's inner genus relation as human's cultural super -organ, but also created space boldly and changed the complex reality into space dialectic of placate - far - and - dominate - near and moderated - far - and - near. Thirdly, they presented poetic imagination of nature by mind -and -thing's wandering, and pursued the harmonized and unified space as punctilious life - and - mind, and then weaved the undivided life - chain between Chinese - middle - land and Western -terrain, raising historic complex to a higher level.

  7. 后金融危机背景下泉州中小服装企业跨境电商发展对策研究%The Cross-border Electronic Business Development Countermeasure Research of Small and Medium-sized Clothing Enterprises in Quan Zhou under the Background of Post Financial Crisis



    The small and medium-sized clothing enterprises in Quan Zhou mainly make foreign trade processing.In the post economic crisis era,the small and medium-sized clothing enterprises face many difficulties.The booming of global cross-border electricity can provide a solution idea for the small and medium-sized clothing enterprises to lower the cost,reduce the trade friction and enhance the international reputation.This paper aims at the current problem of small and medium-sized clothing enterprises in the cross-border electrical business;it provides the solution for enterprises and government.On the enterprises part:they need to cultivate and attract talents,enhance the level of marketing,strengthen product innovation,create international brand,establish and maintain good reputation in companies and products. On the government part:they need to improve the laws and regulations of cross-border electricity,create electricity industrial park,promote the development of cross-border electricity agglomeration and strengthen cross-border electricity for the construction of logistics infrastructure.%泉州中小服装企业以外贸加工为主,在后金融危机时代,泉州中小服装企业面临发展中的诸多困境。跨境电商在全球的蓬勃兴起,为泉州中小服装企业降低成本、减少贸易摩擦和提升国际知名度提供了解决思路。文章针对泉州中小服装企业在进行跨境电商中存在的问题,提出企业方面需要培养和吸引跨境电商所需人才、提升营销水平、加强产品的创新、创立国际品牌、建立和维护好企业和产品的信誉;政府方面需要进一步完善跨境电商的法律法规、打造电商产业园、促进跨境电商集聚发展和加强跨境电商物流基础设施的建设等建议。

  8. 清初在越华商移民及其文化形态--以《罗塔洲重修公亭碑》为线索%Chinese Merchants in Vietnam and Its Cultural Formation in the Early Qing Dynasty-Clues from the Inscription on the Rebuilding Luo-Ta-Zhou Public Monument

    张濯清; 黎氏梅[越南


    The early Qing Dynasty witnessed the peak of Chinese immigration to Vietnam, and the frequent exchange between Chi⁃nese culture and Vietnamese culture. A new discovered monument, named the Rebuilding Luo⁃Ta⁃Zhou Public Monument, recorded the historical events about the rebuilding in the 18th century. It reflected the basic information about Mr. Chang Hung⁃chi, a representative figure of Chinese merchants in Vietnam, and his families. It also contained lots of other information about the cultural exchange between China and Vietnam. Based on the studies of the inscription and field survey data, it can be found that Chinese merchants in Vietnam in the Early Qing Dynasty took many active measures to integrate into the Vietnamese society while carrying forward and spreading the tra⁃ditional Chinese culture, which made the special cultural formation of Chinese Merchants in Vietnam in the Early Qing Dynasty.%清初是华商移居越南的高峰时期,中越文化交流十分频繁。新发现的《罗塔洲重修公亭碑》即如实记录了18世纪重修罗塔洲公亭一事,反映出在越华商代表人物会安明乡社“三后贤”之一张弘基及其家族的相关情况,透露出中越文化交流的诸多信息。结合碑刻及笔者调查所得可知,以张氏家族为代表的清初在越华商在继承、传播中华文化传统的同时,又采取多种方式积极融入越南社会,从而形成了独具自身特点的文化形态。

  9. 周代丧葬礼器“翣”的再探讨--关于“山”字形薄铜片的考证%Further Discussion about Funeral Ceremonial‘Sha’(翣) of Zhou Dynasty-- Research on the Mountain-Shaped Bronze Sheet

    胡; 王米佳


    在战国以前,“翣”应该是特指由羽毛编制而成的扇子,将“山”字形薄铜片定为“铜翣”,与文献不符。《礼记·檀弓上》中“周人墙置翣”的“翣”,很可能类似古埃及作为王权象征的半圆形长柄礼仪羽扇,是由羽毛和青铜羽座两部分组成,“山”字形薄铜片或只是羽扇的铜羽座。周代墓葬中出土的所谓“玉戈”,就是古文献中记载的玉圭。《礼记·丧大记》中的“皆戴圭”应该是指棺饰“戴圭”,而不是指翣“戴圭”。%The usage of the Chinese character“Sha”(翣)before the Warring States period should denote the feather-attached fans specifically. Attributing the mountain-shaped bronze sheets as“Sha”is therefore inconsistent with ancient texts. The“Sha”in was likely to be semicircular, long-handled feather fan, similar to the ceremonial feather fans of ancient Egypt symbolizing royal power. The mountain-shaped bronze sheets would more likely be a feather holder as the fan would likely be composed of feathers and a bronze base for mounting. The so-called jade“Ge”(戈)unearthed from the tombs of the Zhou Dynasty should thus be jade“Gui”(圭)recorded in ancient texts as an identification of feudal nobleman.“All wearing Gui”in should thus refer to the coffin decorations wearing“Gui”instead of“Sha”wearing“Gui”.

  10. 企业绿色产品营销策略研究*--以周黑鸭食品股份有限公司为例%Research on Green Product Marketing of ZhouHeiYa Food Co,Ltd

    李林; 岳传扬


    随着人们绿色环保意识的不断提升和绿色农产品消费市场的不断扩大,企业践行绿色营销观念、推进绿色产品营销成为满足顾客需求和应对市场挑战的重要手段。作为一家立足于“绿色、安全、健康”经营理念的农产品深加工企业,周黑鸭食品有限公司在绿色产品营销上有很多举措,同时也面临一些亟待解决的问题。文章以武汉市场500名消费者为调查样本,从绿色产品的认知、意向及行为三个方面进行调查,由此指出:企业应帮助消费者提升绿色消费认知;促进政府加强市场监管企业自身应加快技术研发;从消费者、政府、企业三个层面合力推进企业绿色产品营销创新。%With the increasing improvement of people's awareness of green environmental protection and the continuous expansion of consumption market of the green agricultural products , the enterprises promote green marketing idea, which has become the important means to meet customer's demand and market competition. As a deep processing enterprise of agricultural products based on the "green health and safe management i-dea", ZhouHeiYa Food Co.,Ltd promoted many measures on green product marketing, but meanwhile, it also faced some problems to be solved .Taking 500 consumers of pot -roast products in Wuhan as the re-search sample, this paper made the investigation on three aspects: consumption cognition , consumption in-tention and consumption behaviour of green products .It concluded that green marketing innovation of enter-prises should be promoted through strengthening green consumption education , upgrading green consumption cognition, strengthening market management, and improving technology development.

  11. ZHENG ZHOU: A Prospering City in Middle China


    @@ With a pleasant climate,Zhengzhou is welcoming all year round.The hottest month is July and the average temperature is about 27 C while the coldest month is January with an average temperature of -0.2 C.Autumn and spring ale the best and the peak tourist seasons.

  12. The "Stone" Strategy of Zhou Youfu——Interview of Zhou Youfu, the Board Chairman of Tangshou Haoning Group

    Niu Fangli


    @@ Among the gold digging army, there is a special group who started their business out of nothing,by focusing on the import & export of iron ore.They expanded their business at a high speed and their companies are becoming stronger.And as the international price for iron ore is constantly going up, they are coming out of their shadow gradually.

  13. Contemporary Comments on "Four Reviews" of "A Dream of Red Mansions"——taking Zhou Ruchang,Feng Qiyong,Cai Yijiang,Wang Meng as examples%当代《红楼梦》评点“四家评”综论之一——以周汝昌、冯其庸、蔡义江、王蒙为例



    The comment about "A Dream of Red Mansions" since "Zhi Yanzhai",an earlier commentator,has been a special form of literary appreciating and literary criticism,which is quite popular among readers.The most influential contemporary comments are the ones made by Zhou Ruchang,Feng Qiyong,Cai Yijiang and Wang Meng."Four Reviews" are very popular and loved by readers of A Dream of Red Mansions.Not only did "Four Reviews" widened the perspectives and approaches on the study of "A Dream of Red Mansions",but have achieved traditional Chinese fiction commentary's self-improvement to some extent,especially the quality of comments about "A Dream of Red Mansions".Besides,it is also beneficial for the construction of contemporary literary appreciation.%《红楼梦》评点自脂砚斋以来一直是受到《红楼梦》读者喜爱的一种文学鉴赏和文学批评的特有形式。当代《红楼梦》评点影响最大的当属周汝昌、冯其庸、蔡义江、王蒙等"四家评","四家评"正广为流传,并受到《红楼梦》读者的喜爱。"四家评"不仅拓宽了《红楼梦》的研究视野和研究途径,也在一定程度上实现了传统小说评点尤其是《红楼梦》评点理论品格的自我提升,并且有益于当代文艺鉴赏学的建设。

  14. Funeral Etiquette and Ritual of the Dying and the Last Testament in the Zhou Dynasty---Taking SHANGSHU· GUMING,the Last Testament in the Chunqiu Dynasty, and BAOXUN for Examples%丧礼临终之仪与周代遗训遗言--以《尚书·顾命》、春秋“遗训”及清华简《保训》为中心



    《尚书·顾命》、《左传》、《国语》及近出清华简《保训》等史料记载了周代的丧礼临终之仪,以及作为“礼文”的“遗训”与“遗言”。从《顾命》到《左传》等所载来看,丧礼临终之仪的实行有自上而下传播的趋势,较之《顾命》所载,春秋时代的遗训书面化、礼仪化特征逐渐减弱,口语化的特点比较突出。对比而言,清华简《保训》是春秋时人根据《顾命》拟写的文王遗训。%The historical records and materials , including the Chinese ancient book SHA NGSHU · GUMING , ZUOZHUA N , GUOYU , and BAOXUN in Tsinghua bamboo scripts , have recorded the funeral etiquette and ritual of the dying in the Zhou Dynasty , and the last testament in funeral articles . From the records of GUMING to ZUOZHUAN ,the implement of the funeral etiquette and ritual of the dying has a tendency to spread from top to bottom . Compared with the records in GUMING , the colloquial characteristic in the Chunqiu Dynasty was more obvious while the written pattern and the ritual and etiquette of dying were inclining . In contrast , according to GUMING , BAOXUN in Tsinghua bamboo scripts was imitated by people in the Chunqiu Dynasty.

  15. On the Continuity and Interpretation of "Pray Agriculture" Folk-custom of Zhou People:Farming Cultural Connotations of the Festival "Dragon Rise on the 2~(nd) of February of Lunar Calendar" in East Gansu%周人“祈农”民俗传统的延续与演绎——陇东“二月二龙抬头”节俗的农业文化内涵管窥



    The festival of "Dragon Rise on the 2nd of February of Lunar Calendar" is an important traditional folk festival in the Northwest and also a festival closely related with the agricultural production.This paper mainly focuses on the farming cultural connotations of the "Dragon Rise on the 2nd of February of Lunar Calendar" such as offering sacrifice to dragon,dragon dancing,snake drawing worship,beating dustpan and the blind game,sprinkling dust,hitting the eaves,community memorial ceremony,carrying on buckets of water in the morning,frying peas,eating flour and vegetable roll,pasting paper dragon,patting tiles,festival haircut,local opera,welcoming wealth,avoiding the taboo of dragon and so on,discusses the continuity and interpretation of "pray agriculture"folk-custom of Zhou people and reveals its contemporary value and the significance of conservation of this traditional festival.%"二月二龙抬头"节是西北民间重要的传统节日,也是一个与农业生产有密切关系的节日。本文主要以陇东地区民间"二月二龙抬头"节俗的民俗事项"祭龙、舞龙、画图拜蛇、打灰簸箕、打瞎瞎、洒灰、击房檐、社祭、担晨水、炒豆豆、吃搅团糊龙头、拍瓦片、理龙头、唱大戏、迎富、避龙忌"等蕴含的文化内涵入手,以期管窥其对周人"祈农"民俗传统的延续与演绎,从而揭示其在当代社会的价值以及对其进行保护的意义。

  16. 效益最优视角下的我国视频侦查工作进路--基于周克华案、波士顿马拉松爆炸案、伦敦地铁爆炸案的比较研究%Study on the Working Approach of our Video Investigation from the Perspective of Optimal Effectiveness---Based on Comparative Case Studies of Zhou Ke-hua Case, Boston Marathon Bombing and the London Subway Bombing



    The implementation of our video investigation work involves condition of investment and effect .Bas-ic parameter, investment and effect of Zhou Ke-hua case, Boston Marathon Bombing case and London Subway Bombings Case are specific indexes of evaluating video investigation .Optimal effectiveness of video investigation is the maximization of investigation efficiency with limited cost .The economic model of optimal effectiveness of video investigation includes ideal and real functions .Optimal effectiveness of video investigation should also take content of law and sociology into consideration .Working approach of China's video investigation from the perspective of op-timal effectiveness is a integral project which involves theory , hardware , staff and mechanism .%我国视频侦查工作的实施状况包括投入与效果两个层面。周克华案、波士顿马拉松爆炸案、伦敦地铁爆炸案中的案件基本参数状况、资源投入状况与收益状况是评价视频侦查工作实施状况的具体指标。视频侦查工作效益最优是指在视频侦查资源成本投入一定的情况下实现侦查效益的最大化。视频侦查工作效益最优的经济学模型包括理想与现实状态两种函数。视频侦查工作的效益最优还应当兼顾法学与社会学领域的内容。效益最优视角下的我国视频侦查工作进路是一种体系化的工作形式,由原理、硬件、人员与机制四个层面的内容组成。

  17. Arsenic and Old Mustard: Chemical Problems of Old Arsenical and 'Mustard' Munitions (Joseph F. Bunnett and Marian Mikotajczyk, Eds.)

    Garrett, Benjamin


    What do Knute Rockne, Notre Dame's famed football coach, and Lewisite, a chemical warfare agent dubbed "the dew of death", have in common? Both owe their discovery to Father Julius Arthur Nieuwland.1 Rockne's legacy lives on in the Fighting Irish and their tradition of excellence on the gridiron. Lewisite, together with other arsenical- and mustard-type chemical warfare agents, provide a legacy that lives on, too, but with less cheerful consequences. The book Arsenic and Old Mustard: Chemical Problems of Old Arsenical and 'Mustard' Munitions makes clear the challenges faced in dealing with those consequences. This book documents the proceedings of a workshop devoted to arsenical- and mustard-type chemical warfare agents and their associated munitions. The workshop, held in Poland in 1996, included nine lectures, eight posters, and three discussion groups; and the contents of all these are presented. Major support for the workshop came from the Scientific Affairs Division of NATO as part of on ongoing series of meetings, cooperative research projects, and related efforts dealing with problems leftover from the Cold War and, in the case of the arsenicals and mustards, from conflicts dating to World War I. These problems can be seen in contemporary accounts, including a January 1999 news report that the U.S. Department of Defense intends to survey Washington, DC, areas near both American University and the Catholic University of America (CUA), site of the original synthesis of Lewisite, for chemical warfare agents and other materials disposed at the end of World War I.2 The first nine chapters of the book present the workshop's lectures. Of these, readers interested in chemical weapon destruction might find especially useful the first chapter, in which Ron Mansley of the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons presents a scholarly overview covering historical aspects of the arsenicals and mustards; their production and use; prospective destruction technologies; and international obligations attendant to the Chemical Weapons Convention, which entered into force in 1997. Hermann Martens's presentation of German arsenical and mustard munitions and of technical approaches to their destruction is similarly detailed, thorough, and engaging. W. R. Cullen's chapter "Arsenic in the Environment" and Shigeru Maeda's chapter "Biotransformation of Arsenic in Freshwater Organisms" help place the problems associated with the arsenicals in their environmental context and, hence, should appeal to a large audiencenot merely those specialists dealing with chemical weapon destruction. The reports of the three discussion groupsYperite,3 Arsenicals, and Recovered Munitionsprovide useful summaries of current knowledge and needs for additional research. The Arsenicals report observes that "destruction of arsenical agents appears to have received little attention." This situation may change if searches in Washington, DC, should uncover caches of old arsenicals at CUA and, especially, when the governments of the People's Republic of China and Japan agree on funding for destruction of the chemical munitions Japan caused to be abandoned on what is now the territory of the PRC. A conservative estimate is that there are 2,000,000 of these abandoned munitions, most of them being arsenicals and mustards.4 Notes and References 1. Nieuwland (1878-1936) hired Rockne in 1914 as a chemistry instructor. According to Father Nieuwland, Rockne owed much of his prowess as one of the greatest coaches of all time to his training in chemistry, which taught him the method of reasoning (Ind. Eng. Chem. New Ed., April 20, 1931). W. Lee Lewis, Lewisite's eponym, credits Nieuwland's unpublished dissertation as the source for his 1918 synthesis (Lewis, W. L.; Perkins, G. A. The beta-Chlorovinyl Chloroarsines; Ind. Eng. Chem. 1923, 15, 290-295). Lewisite itself is actually the group of mono-, di-, and tri-substituted 2-chloroethenyl derivatives of arsenic(III) chloride. 2. Vogel, S. Search to Resume near AU for WWI Chemicals; Washington Post, January 24, 1999, page C01. 3. Yperite is a trivial name for sulfur mustard or bis(2-chloroethyl) sulfide. The name honors Ypres, Belgium, where the Germans first used sulfur mustard as a chemical weapon on July 12, 1917. 4. Zhao, L. Two Scenes of Poisonous Shells Left Over by Japan in Dunhua, Jilin Province; presented at the Fifth International Symposium on Sino-Japan relations over the past 100 years, Changchun, PRC, September 23-29, 1998.

  18. Ramon Rask võitleb põhimõtte pärast / Marian Männi

    Männi, Marian


    Portreelugu Tartu Ülikooli õigusteaduskonna cum laude lõpetanud Ramon Raskist, tema kohtuvõitlusest ülikooliga; professionaalse tasuta õigusabi võimalustest tudengitele Paul Varuli advokaadibüroo poolt Eesti Üliõpilasliidu juures

  19. Ramon Rask võitleb põhimõtte pärast / Marian Männi

    Männi, Marian


    Portreelugu Tartu Ülikooli õigusteaduskonna cum laude lõpetanud Ramon Raskist, tema kohtuvõitlusest ülikooliga; professionaalse tasuta õigusabi võimalustest tudengitele Paul Varuli advokaadibüroo poolt Eesti Üliõpilasliidu juures

  20. Biographies of Romanian Physicists. Vol. 1. Outstanding Romanian Physicists

    Ionescu-Pallas, Nicolae


    Biographies and the most important works of the following physiscists are written: Bacaloglu Emanuel (1830-1891), Farkas Gyula (1847-1930), Hepites Stefan (1851-1922), Negreanu Dimitrie (1858-1908), Bungeteanu Dimitrie (1860-1932), Miculescu Constantin (1863-1937), Hurmuzescu Dragomir (1865-1954), Donici Nicolae (1874-1956), Maior Augustin (1882-1963), Oteteleseanu Enric (1885 - 1948), Demetrescu Gheorghe (1885 - 19690, Badarau Eugen (1997-1975), Procopiu Stefan (1890-1972), Athanasiu Gheorghe (1893-1972), Marian Victor (1896-1971), Huluibei Horia (1896-1972), Proca Alexandru (1897-1955), Vencov Stefan (1899-1955), Ionescu Theodor (1899-1988), Ionescu Aurel (1902-1954), Manu Gheorghe I. (1903-1954), Herovanu Mircea (1904-1960), Agarbiceanu Ion (1907 - 1971), Titeica Serban (1908-1985), Auslander Iosif (1911-1978), Ciorascu Florin (1914-1977).

  1. Curriculum vitae of D. Mikuláš (Nicolas Russnák Theologian and liturgist

    Vojtech Bohač


    Full Text Available University professor D. Mikuláš Russnák came from a clerical family. His father, Pavol Russnák was a Catholic priest o f the Byzantine rite. His mother Many, originally itemed Brinszky, came from Varhaftovce, and was a daughter of a priest. Mikuláš Russnák was bom on 30 April 1878 in Sopkovce. He received the sacrament o f baptism and confirmation in Sopkovce on 7 May 1878. He had three siblings. His younger brother Pavol was a priest and doctor o f sacred theology. He was a vice-dean at the seminaiy in Prešov, and a canon and a parish priest in Zavadka. He died on 18 March 1943. Of his two sisters, Gizela was older and Etelka was younger than Mikuláš. Gizela married Viktor Leukanič, a Catholic priest o f the Byzantine rite in Klečenov. Etelka married Julius Szinyei-Merse, a lawyer. The children were brought up in file Catholic faith, as would be obvious for the family o f the Catholic priest. The family atmosphere o f devotion and catholicity remained an everlasting value for Mikuláš. His mother Jolana died on 7 June 1898 and his father Pavol died on 27 June 1921.

  2. Teachers' perceptions of resistant behaviour of children in the middle childhood developmental phase / Nicola Taryn Richardson

    Richardson, Nicola Taryn


    Resistant behaviour is a serious reality in South African primary schools. South Africa’s teachers strive to be agents of positive change amidst the multiple challenges they and their learners encounter, yet they admittedly experience daily frustration at addressing resistant behaviour. Considering the harsh external realities which many learners encounter, resistant behaviour cannot be expected to disappear at the introduction of specific techniques. The research consequently aimed to examin...

  3. Activism : artful tactics of social change in urban and cyber space / Nicola Kirkham

    Kirkham, Nicola


    Käesolev töö on osa interdistsiplinaarsest ühiskondlikust programmist, mis tegeleb avalikkuse osalemisega avalikus linnaruumis toimuvates loomingulistes ja kultuuriprojektides, ajendamaks linna uuenemist, jätkusuutlikku arengut ja kodanikualgatust

  4. Agnese Krivade "Oo". Tõlkijad aktsioonis / Nicolas Auzanneau ; tõlkinud Maria Esko

    Auzanneau, Nicolas


    Tõlkijate ühisaktsioonist Facebookis, kus kutsuti üles tõlkima võimalikult paljudesse keeltesse läti luuletaja Agnese Krivade ebamoraalseks nimetatud luuletust "Oo". Artikkel sisaldab luuletuste tõlkeid kreeka, inglise, prantsuse ja vene keelde

  5. Comment la bonne Ligue sauva la monarchie. 1593 selon Nicolas Lefèvre de Lezeau

    Fabrice Micallef


    Full Text Available Le chapitre III de la Vie de Marillac par Lefèvre de Lezeau est consacré au passé ligueur du garde des sceaux. Justifier l’appartenance au parti catholique n’est pas une chose facile dans la France du milieu du xviie qui considère majoritairement les ligueurs comme des fanatiques violents ou comme des hypocrites, vendus aux puissances étrangères, notamment l’Espagne. La réhabilitation menée par l’auteur consiste à dire que Marillac faisait partie d’une « bonne ligue », représentée notamment au parlement de Paris. C’est cette bonne ligue parlementaire qui en juin 1593, sous l’impulsion de Marillac, aurait sauvé la monarchie en promulguant le célèbre arrêt Lemaître, cassant toutes les décisions que les états généraux étaient susceptibles de prendre pour transmettre la couronne de France à un prince étranger. Nous avons choisi d’étudier cette source en posant trois questions.1 Les événements rapportés par l’auteur sont-ils crédibles ? Ces faits semblent exacts dans l’ensemble. Mais le point central de la démonstration, à savoir le rôle essentiel de Marillac, n’est à ce jour étayé par aucune autre source. 2 Que nous apprend ce document sur les pratiques d’historien de Lefèvre de Lezeau ? Plusieurs indices nous laissent penser que ce texte pourrait être à l’origine autonome, et aurait été tardivement inséré par l’auteur dans sa Vie de Marillac.3 Quelle est la stratégie d’écriture de l’auteur ? La réhabilitation de la bonne Ligue est rendue acceptable car elle se fait au miroir du parti royaliste : comme le royaliste, le bon ligueur est modéré, courageux, il a le sens de l’état, et c’est un « bon français », gallican et opposé aux ambitions espagnoles. Mais derrière ces éléments consensuels, l’auteur ne remet pas en cause la légitimité de la Ligue ; il en fait même le premier instrument de la Providence pour pacifier la France. Subrepticement, Lezeau bat en brèche les fondements de l’historiographie bourbonienne ; ce faisant, il offre au lectorat dévot l’occasion de considérer l’épisode ligueur non plus comme un échec, mais comme une victoire spirituelle et politique.The third chapter of Marillac’s Life by Lefèvre de Lezeau is dedicated to the chancellor’s past as a member of the Catholic League. Justifying one’s membership to the catholic party was not easy in seventeenth-century France. This was because supporters of the League were described as violent fanatics or as hypocrites, thought to be corrupted by foreign powers such as Spain. Lezeau’s reappraisal of Marillac centres on the argument that the chancellor was the contingent of a “good League”, which was especially present in the Parisian parliament. According to Lezeau, this good parliamentary League saved the French monarchy at Marillac’s behest in 1593, by promulgating the famous “arrêt Lemaître.” This ruled out the possibility that the General Estates could give the royal crown to a foreign prince. I examined this source by asking three questions. 1 Is Lezeau’s work credible? The facts seem to be correct throughout. But the central argument concerning the crucial role of Marillac is not supported by any source other than himself. 2 What does this document tell us about Lezeau’s practices as a historian? A few clues lead us to believe that this text could have originally been written independently, and that Lezeau could have integrated it later on into his text on Marillac’s Life. 3 What is the writing strategy of the author? Lezeau tried to justify his rehabilitation of the “good League” by describing it as a mirror of the royalist party: as a royalist, a member of the “good League” is said to be temperate, courageous, loyal to the State, a “good Frenchman”, gallican, and opposed to Spanish ambitions. However, behind these consensual aspects, the author didn’t question the legitimacy of the League; he even described it as God’s primary tool for establishing peace in France. Lezeau covertly undermined the basis of bourbonian historiography. In doing this it offered devout readers the option of considering this episode of the league’s history as a spiritual and political victory rather than as a failure.

  6. Leadership in the inter-war period. Case Study: Nicolae Malaxa

    Ionuț Constantin


    Full Text Available The interwar period was called the Golden Age of Romania. From a certain point of view it was. Cultural effervescence of the time, the economic boom due by the development of the industry has brought Romania to the attention of Western Europe. Many industries in the late ‘30 had advanced enough to be able to satisfy almost all domestic needs. Regarding technology, most romanian plants were behind those in the West. In heavy industry, only Malaxa and the Steelworks Resita were the best in Western Europe. In retrospect of these events I have considered appropriate to study this issue closely, to be fascinated by a controversial but destined to lead character, a character that has go down in history because of his pioneering leadership actions.

  7. 78 FR 70005 - Naval Base Ventura County, San Nicolas Island, California; Restricted Area


    ... the body of your comment and with any disk or CD-ROM you submit. If we cannot read your comment... the Internet and will be publicly available only in hard copy form. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT... structure and names, and correct a mapping error in the original rule. The Corps authority to amend this...

  8. A new species of Ammothella (Pycnogonida: Ammotheidae) from deep water off San Nicolas Island, California

    Dojiri, Masahiro; Cadien, B. Donald; Phillips, A. Charles


    Ammothella killix n. sp. is described from upper bathyal depths on the Cortez Ridge; it is the tenth in the genus from the eastern Pacific, and sixth from California. It differs from its congeners most noticeably in having chelifore fusion, and in bearing slender spiny tubercles on all of the follow

  9. Una narracion fundacional para una antropologia filosofica Chilena: Raza Chilena de Nicolas Palacios

    Alvarado, Miguel; Fernandez, Hector


    ..., principalmente racistas y evolucionistas, pero se separa de estos al intentar dar una vision panoramica del mestizaje, como fruto de un proceso de contaminacion de culturas que se encuentran y de la mutacion sociocultural resultante...

  10. Nicolas Cage otsib kadunud tütart naistesaarelt / Triin Tael

    Tael, Triin


    Õudusfilm "Ohvripidu" : režissöör Neil LaBute : peaosas Nicholas Cage : Ameerika Ühendriigid - Saksamaa 2006. Film on uusversioon briti 1973.a. filmist, mille režissöör oli Robin Hardy ja ühes peaosadest Christopher Lee

  11. Agnese Krivade "Oo". Tõlkijad aktsioonis / Nicolas Auzanneau ; tõlkinud Maria Esko

    Auzanneau, Nicolas


    Tõlkijate ühisaktsioonist Facebookis, kus kutsuti üles tõlkima võimalikult paljudesse keeltesse läti luuletaja Agnese Krivade ebamoraalseks nimetatud luuletust "Oo". Artikkel sisaldab luuletuste tõlkeid kreeka, inglise, prantsuse ja vene keelde

  12. 78 FR 67300 - Anchorage Regulations: Pacific Ocean at San Nicolas Island, Calif.; Restricted Anchorage Areas


    ..., go to , type the docket number USCG-2012-0967 in the ``SEARCH'' box and...'' box and click ``SEARCH.'' Click on Open Docket Folder on the line associated with this rulemaking. You... Beach and the explosives safety arc around the Barge Pier at Daytona Beach (see figure 2 located in...

  13. Nicolas Cage otsib kadunud tütart naistesaarelt / Triin Tael

    Tael, Triin


    Õudusfilm "Ohvripidu" : režissöör Neil LaBute : peaosas Nicholas Cage : Ameerika Ühendriigid - Saksamaa 2006. Film on uusversioon briti 1973.a. filmist, mille režissöör oli Robin Hardy ja ühes peaosadest Christopher Lee

  14. Ethics, Humanism and Poetry: Analysis of Nicolas Guillén Works

    Iván Darío Moreno Acero


    Full Text Available Nicolás Guillén poetry is able to sound out the human and its condition. Besides, it portrays witnessed social phenomena. Thus, it is said that poetry leads to an ethical reflection on the human condition in the world. Hence, it has got a two-sided essence. First, as reasoning set depicting the daily horror and violence an individual deals with. Then, a significant and virtuous narrative that may lead to conceive better ways to inhabit the world. This paper analyzes three main Latin American philosophy topics in Nicolás Guillén works: the human deterioration amidst social, politic and economic conflicts, justice need and human reinvidication claimed by each conflict actor and the importance of listening to other narratives presenting ways to cope with horror and abolish it. In general, this article shows one of the results got by the research group: “Ethics and Literature: Narratives on the human. Nicolás Guillén poetry has images that can be useful for Ethics to enquire inhuman actions. It also holds utopian proposals to build up a fair society and ethic criteria concerning more human action and judgement.

  15. Activism : artful tactics of social change in urban and cyber space / Nicola Kirkham

    Kirkham, Nicola


    Käesolev töö on osa interdistsiplinaarsest ühiskondlikust programmist, mis tegeleb avalikkuse osalemisega avalikus linnaruumis toimuvates loomingulistes ja kultuuriprojektides, ajendamaks linna uuenemist, jätkusuutlikku arengut ja kodanikualgatust

  16. Past Really Is Prologue Interview of Zhou Haijiang,president of Hongdou Group

    shang Lin'aiyi


    @@ Hongdou Group, one of China's manufacturing Goliaths in terms of garment industry.alwavs keeps weaving legends and fermenting flourishes. "Hongdou" is a transliteration of Chinese charaeters "red bean" . which bears a speeial meaning in Chinese culture: red bean is jequirity, symbolizing love and blessings ,as this connotation declares,Hongdou Croup always refresthes its progresses...

  17. Zhou et al., Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. (2012) 9(3):303-314


    The endometriosis-associated inflammatory response, tissue repair ... regulating cell proliferation, activation, motility, adhesion, chemotaxis and ..... brain penetration through the blood-brain barrier owing to the contribution of PgP ... be conducted on the other potential mechanisms involved in ESMB relieving endometriosis.

  18. The Western Zhou Building Foundations at Yuntang and Qizhenin Fufeng County, Shaanxi, in 1999-2000

    徐良高; 刘绪; 孙秉君; 丁晓雷


    Since the autumn of 1999, the Zhouyuan Archaeological Team organized by the Institute of Archaeology, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Shaanxi Provincial Institute of Archaeology, and the School of Archaeology and Museology of Peking University carried out large-scale archaeological investigations and excavations in the Zhouyuan 周原 Site.

  19. China’s Grand Strategy and the Statecraft of Zhou Enlai


    of I 1 Amencan hberahsm”,’ and 1fao is reported to have told a U S Senator that he had been impresed with Xlxon’s 1967 article m Fez-ezgzz Afizrs...1 Stanley Karnow, Mao and Chzna A Legacy of Turmozl. (New York Penguin Books 1990) 3d ed , Chapter 20, The Road to Recovery 2 Henq Klsslnger

  20. Speech by Mr. Zhou Tienong at The Opening Ceremony of the 2012 Understanding and Cooperation Dialogue


    正The 2012 Understanding and Cooperation Dialogue opens today. I'd like to extend heartfelt congratulations to the convening of the Dialogue, as well as my warm welcome to the political leaders and friends from different countries who have come to China for the Dialogue.

  1. A Discussion on Bronze Plate of Zhou Chan%周阐铜牌解读




  2. Impression on Youth Court in Guang Zhou%广州少年法庭印象




  3. Microarray analysis of genes affected by salt stress in tomato | Zhou ...

    Microarray analysis of genes affected by salt stress in tomato. ... African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology ... key enzyme genes in the metabolic pathways of carbohydrates, amino acids, and fatty acids, were also affected by ...

  4. NICOLAS PÉLISSIER, NICOLAE PERPELEA, Du «Eux» au «Nous»: étude d'impact de la construction européenne sur la responsabilité sociale des journalistes



    Full Text Available This study analyzes the media construction of the role of journalists in their relationship with institutional sources and public opinion. The main research questions refer to the influence of the European argument on the way in which journalists define their "mission" and their symbolic identity in the public space. What are the generalization strategies which journalists deploy in order to legitimize their participation in the definition of the post EU-accession period as a public issue? The study uses a constructivist paradigm applied to the European issue. By using a semiotic-discursive methodology, the analysis highlights certain media practices relevant for the Europeanization of the media discourse in Romania. It demonstrates that at the time of the imminent accession to the EU, the press begins to use certain identity themes and imageries, as well as a militant and, at the same time, statutory image of the journalist.

  5. Review of A Life of H.L.A.Hart The Nightmare and the Noble Dream, by Nicola Lacey

    Jarvad, Ib Martin


    Review of Licola Lacey's biography of the legal philosopher H.L.A.Hart's life. The book io crammed with personal detail, but does not enlighten the reader as to why Hart in his legal philosophical orientation did not pay any particular attention to the common law, so characteristically English....

  6. Nicolas Reveyron, Chantiers lyonnais du Moyen Âge (Saint-Jean, Saint-Nizier, Saint-Paul

    Bruno Dufaÿ


    Full Text Available Ce copieux ouvrage est passionnant par ses ambitions diverses et l’on y trouve :une monographie détaillée sur trois églises majeures de la ville de Lyon ;deux synthèses, l’une historiographique et méthodologique, l’autre rassemblant les résultats des monographies pour décrire les chantiers et techniques de construction médiévaux ;une abondante iconographie, qui n’est pas qu’illustration, comme y insiste l’auteur, mais “ document ”, “ mémoire de la recherche ”, “ autant le constat d’un fait qu...

  7. Nicolas Rouvière (dir.), Bande dessinée et enseignement des humanités

    Frigerio, Vittorio


    L’ouvrage Bande dessinée et enseignement des Humanités sous la direction de N. Rouvière publié chez Ellug en 2012 comble le retard culturel qui a conduit l’école à longtemps marginaliser la lecture du genre de la B.D. considéré comme paralittéraire. Mais grâce aux enseignants, la B.D. a su gagner en légitimité grâce à la prise en compte des pratiques personnelles des lecteurs comme le confirme un récent rapport : près d’un Français sur deux âgé de 11 ans et plus, déclare posséder personnellem...

  8. The Data Base for the May 1979 Marine Surface Layer Micrometeorological Experiment at San Nicolas Island, California.


    8 0 Uu 1I 330 I, 34 ’f. I A SYSTL1-1 R11UE f IP ING PAPAM rlkI IR bNILAIP U N0 D N IN, t IN,, LINllT’> iANIJAI PAIG FRRUR C111101 0818 PAPN ’ 11 NIF ...8217 )L I NIF 11 15E Vii) CEDIV ZERO Rj)EEDE AC VSLT.ELLS AC PBE8.FLUX AC VOTAGE ACFREQUENCY N.~ ;..o’. INjJ il 1 CIC i 4 (LDV EN . L05V) (No. 1.0020...T.REF.DPV ’JOLY REF.DEV ZERO REE.DEV AC VOLY PLOD AC FRESEFLJO AC VOLTAGE AC FREQUENCY(No.%-ae., h oseaos (Ho c.05 ATINo.10(DVT B10 .I).(DDV1TNo.T,002V1

  9. Nicolas Rouvière (dir.), Bande dessinée et enseignement des humanités

    Frigerio, Vittorio


    L’ouvrage Bande dessinée et enseignement des Humanités sous la direction de N. Rouvière publié chez Ellug en 2012 comble le retard culturel qui a conduit l’école à longtemps marginaliser la lecture du genre de la B.D. considéré comme paralittéraire. Mais grâce aux enseignants, la B.D. a su gagner en légitimité grâce à la prise en compte des pratiques personnelles des lecteurs comme le confirme un récent rapport : près d’un Français sur deux âgé de 11 ans et plus, déclare posséder personnellem...

  10. Ajaloolased ja teised : ajaloolaste rollist Prantsusmaa avalikes arutlustes / Gérard Noiriel, Nicolas Offenstadt ; tlk. Indrek Koff

    Noiriel, Gérard


    Artikli aluseks on ettekanne konverentsilt "Ajalugu ja poliitika. Mineviku kasutamisest ja ärakasutamisest" (Tallinn, 14. okt. 2006). Lisad: Ajaloo Avaliku Kasutamise Valvekomitee manifest (Vastu võetud 17. juunil 2005) ; Üleskutse valvsusele seoses ajaloo avaliku kasutamisega. Lk. 128-132

  11. Report and Analysis of the May 1979 Marine Surface Layer Micrometeorological Experiment at San Nicolas Island, California.


    and the topic of horizontal homo - geneity of the marine boundary layer is discussed. -The experiment data base is to be made available on magnetic...EuC~~UC, E, -4) 0 .C,, 0 r- E ECC - - 0m C). ’A U0 r4 C4 M W5 U U C Cx 0 C-11 5 - n - : 0 : U~ CuU ~,~~C(U U E 260 -. NRL REPORT 8363 with a Particle

  12. Ajaloolased ja teised : ajaloolaste rollist Prantsusmaa avalikes arutlustes / Gérard Noiriel, Nicolas Offenstadt ; tlk. Indrek Koff

    Noiriel, Gérard


    Artikli aluseks on ettekanne konverentsilt "Ajalugu ja poliitika. Mineviku kasutamisest ja ärakasutamisest" (Tallinn, 14. okt. 2006). Lisad: Ajaloo Avaliku Kasutamise Valvekomitee manifest (Vastu võetud 17. juunil 2005) ; Üleskutse valvsusele seoses ajaloo avaliku kasutamisega. Lk. 128-132

  13. 唐代南宁州都督府属州交通与地望研究%The Study about the Jimi Zhou's Traffic and Location of the Nanning Zhou Dudu Fu in the Tang Dynasty




  14. 唐宋集群羁縻州之典型--雅属羁縻州%The Model of Clustered Jimi Zhou (羁縻州) in the Tang and Song Dynasties: the jimi zhou under Ya zhon




  15. "A Personal Reflection on Norodom Sihanouk and Zhou Enlai: An Extraordinary Friendship on the Fringes of the Cold War"

    Ambassador Julio A. Jeldres


    Full Text Available I was sixteen years old when I first read about Norodom Sihanouk and Cambodia. Jacqueline Kennedy’s visit to Cambodia in November 1967 had been widely reported by the press in my homeland, Chile, where her assassinated husband was greatly admired. Through Jackie Kennedy’s visit to Cambodia, I became interested in Norodom Sihanouk’s fascinating life, totally unaware that, years later, our paths would cross and I would become his private secretary. My Cambodian friends often tell me that it was my destiny. In 1967, I wanted to know more about Cambodia. Since there was no information available, I wrote to the Cambodian mission at the United Nations. I found it unbelievable, but four months later I received a handwritten letter back from Sihanouk himself. That began our friendship, which was first conducted through correspondence...

  16. Zhou Yueting's Experience on Treatment of Asthma%周耀庭治疗哮喘病的经验

    商建军; 庞秀花



  17. Assessment of Cu, Pb and Hg Contamination in Bottom Sediments Of Surface Water in XuZhou

    王晓; 韩宝平; 朱雪强


    Pollution of heavy metals Cu,Pb and Hg is assessed using geo-accumulation index in this paper. The result shows that the bottom sediments of surface water in Xuzhou is polluted by these heavy metals to deferent degrees, of which the Jinma River is the most serious, and then the Kuihe River, the abandoned Yellow River, and the Jinghang Canal. The Yunlong Lake has also been polluted by Hg. The three kinds of heavy metals in the order of concentration is Hg>Cu>Pb. The pollution degree and the type of element is closely related with industrial structure in Xuzhou.

  18. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Narrow line Seyfert 1 galaxies from SDSS-DR3 (Zhou+, 2006)

    Zhou, H.; Wang, T.; Yuan, W.; Lu, H.; Dong, X.; Wang, J.; Lu, Y.


    We carried out a systematic search for narrow line Seyfert 1 galaxies (NLS1s) from objects assigned as "QSOs" or "galaxies" in the spectroscopic sample of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release 3 (SDSS DR3) by a careful modeling of their emission lines and continua. The result is a uniform sample comprising ~2000 NLS1s. This sample dramatically increases the number of known NLS1s by a factor of ~10 over previous compilations. This paper presents the parameters of the prominent emission lines and continua, which were measured accurately with typical uncertainties <10%. Taking advantage of such an unprecedented large and uniform sample with accurately measured spectral parameters, we carried out various statistical analyses, some of which were only possible for the first time. (1 data file).

  19. A Modeling Approach for Farmland Protection Zoning Considering Spatial Heterogeneity: A Case Study of E-Zhou City, China

    Jianhua He


    Full Text Available Farmland protection in China is facing multiple pressures, including urbanization, population growth and ecological degradation. Primary farmland zoning was introduced as a basic state policy to ensure national food security. Previous studies about “primary farmland zoning” have always taken the factors as global linear variables, neglecting the spatial heterogeneity of the study areas. Based on the Development Priority Zoning (DPZ strategy, we present a zoning approach using Bayesian networks (BNs for considering regional differences. The networks were developed using quantitative biophysical and economic variables from multi-scale and historical change data of farmland. The simulated results substantiate that this method can ensure the agricultural quality, stability and connectivity of primary farmland. Furthermore, it can further optimize the spatial allocation of primary farmland to meet the development conditions and trends of different sub-regions, promoting the balance between the farmland protection, urban development and ecological protection of certain regions.

  20. Taking a Toll(Toll-free holidays bring massive congestion and opposition by highway operators By Zhou Xiaoyan)


    Dubbed the "'Golden Week," the National Day holiday (normally October 1-7) is a traditional peak travel period for many Chinese who hit the road. But this year's holiday was different from years past: most motorists across the country were exempt from paying toll fees.

  1. The Study of Ji Tian in Shang and Zhou Dynasty%商周籍田研究



    Ji means cultivating ,developing to the means of cultivating the land by people’s strength .Ji Tian is referring to“Ji Tian Qian Mu”narrowly ,and that generally refers to noble’s farmland .Big family organization ,king can communicate with God and people believe the king’s power and rights comes from the God ,which are two significant basic essentials of the exist of Ji Tian .Ji Tian is the important perform‐ance of The Assigned Labour System in agriculture .Ji Tian is a scientific measurement of count and con‐trol the population .King Xuan did not cultivate“Qian Mu” ,shows “Shi” are hard to maintain ,which is characterized by knowing the number of people without census count .Ji Tian was included in the“Shi” , and gradually intended to collapse .The economic reformations in the Spring -autumn times ,achieved that the assigned labour in Ji Tian was completely replaced by fixed material tax in land .%籍,本作耤,本义是耕作,后引申为借民力耕田。狭义上的籍田是殷周时期王侯举行籍礼的籍田,广义上的籍田是王侯贵族田庄,前者仅仅是后者中的最重要的一块。强大的家族组织、王能够“绝地天通”和民众相信“君权神授”是籍田存在的社会组织基础和社会信仰基础。籍田是指定服役制度在农业上的重要表现,也是清点人数和实现人口控制的重要举措。宣王料民于太原,表明以“不料民”为特征便可知民数的“事”难以维持了,籍田便包括在这些“事”之中。春秋战国时期的改革是实物地租彻底取代了籍田上固定劳役。

  2. Discussion on "Gaining Efficiency via Weight Estimators for Multivariate Failure Time Data" by Fan, Zhou and Chen

    KUK Anthony


    @@ The survival analysis literature has always lagged behind the categorical data literature in developing methods to analyze clustered or multivariate data. While estimators based on working correlation matrices, optimal weighting, composite likelihood and various variants have been proposed in the categorical data literature, the working independence estimator is still very much the prevalent estimator in multivariate survival data analysis.

  3. The Brief Elaboration Of Zhou Meiling'S Homosexual Films%周美玲的同志电影论略

    杨田田; 赵海龙



  4. Diskursen Virkelighed & Hverdag

    Rasmussen, Jesper


    samtidskunst, Michael Fried, kybernetik, relationnel æstetik, Nicolas Bourriaud, utopi, mikropolitik......samtidskunst, Michael Fried, kybernetik, relationnel æstetik, Nicolas Bourriaud, utopi, mikropolitik...

  5. LOS JURISTAS DEL EXILIO ESPAÑOL EN LA ESCUELA NACIONAL DE JURISPRUDENCIA Do s estudio s de c aso : L uis Reca séns Siches y Marian o Jiménez Huerta

    Ramos García, Jacqueline Alejandra


    A lo largo de su historia, México se ha distinguido –especialmente durante el siglo XX– por ser un país que ha brindado acogida a diversos grupos de desterrados que lograron escapar de países represores y de dictaduras.1 Tal fue el caso del exilio español, que desde hace varias décadas ha sido un tema de interés para investigadores de diferentes disciplinas, desde la literatura, las ciencias naturales, la historia y, en casos contados, el derecho. En este orden de ideas, la lle...

  6. Directional wave and temperature data from three buoys at San Nicolas Island, San Pedro and Dana Point, CA, January 2002 - June 2003 (NODC Accession 0001064)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Coastal Data Information Program (CDIP) is an extensive network for monitoring waves along the coastlines of the United States, with a strong emphasis on our...

  7. 尼古拉斯·温丁·雷弗恩:暴力影像的极致%Nicolas Winding Refn: The Superlative Image of Violence




  8. Proposed strategy for improving capulín cultivation in the municipalities of Domingo Arenas, Calpan and San Nicolas de los Ranchos

    Luz María Páez Reyes


    Full Text Available Currently the municipalities of Domingo Arenas, Calpan and San Nicolás de los Ranchos Puebla State, conditions and have a favorable climate for growing capulín, however, not being given adequate management value the crop, This causes the yields are low and its economic importance is unnoticed. The aim of the investigation was "explore how to improve the economic and productive use capulín through the revaluation of the same by the producers, because of the advantages offered by the cultivation in its management and low investment”. For data collection a semistructured interview wasapplied to 15 key informants five municipality respectively. For data analysis tool was used the problem tree and a SWOT. Among the outstanding results we found that capulín has opportunities that can be exploited as an economic alternative for low-income producers or for the unemployed, because their characteristics and management can be easily cultivated.

  9. Collective learning dynamics in behavioral crowds. Comment on "Human behaviours in evacuation crowd dynamics: From modeling to "big data" toward crisis management" by Nicola Bellomo et al.

    Burini, D.


    A recent literature on crowd dynamics [9,10] has enlightened that the management of crisis situations needs models able to depict social behaviors and, in particular, the spread of emotional feelings such as stress by panic situation.

  10. Modeling social crowds. Comment on "Human behaviours in evacuation crowd dynamics: From modelling to "big data" toward crisis management" by Nicola Bellomo et al.

    Poyato, David; Soler, Juan


    The study of human behavior is a complex task, but modeling some aspects of this behavior is an even more complicated and exciting idea. From crisis management to decision making in evacuation protocols, understanding the complexity of humans in stress situations is more and more demanded in our society by obvious reasons [5,6,8,12]. In this context, [4] deals with crowd dynamics with special attention to evacuation.

  11. From crowd modeling to safety problems. Comment on "Human behaviours in evacuation crowd dynamics: From modelling to "big data" toward crisis management" by Nicola Bellomo et al.

    Elaiw, Ahmed


    Paper [3] presents a survey and a critical analysis on models of crowd dynamics derived to support crisis management related to safety problems. This is an important topic which can have an important impact on the wellbeing of our society. We are very interested in this topic as we operate in a country, Saudi Arabia, where huge crowds can be present and that stress conditions can be occasionally induced by non predictable events. In these situations the problem of crisis management is of fundamental importance.

  12. A control theoretical approach to crowd management. Comment on "Human behaviours in evacuation crowd dynamics: From modelling to "big data" toward crisis management" by Nicola Bellomo et al.

    Borzí, Alfio; Caponigro, Marco


    The formulation of mathematical models for crowd dynamics is one current challenge in many fields of applied sciences. It involves the modelization of the complex behavior of a large number of individuals. In particular, the difficulty lays in describing emerging collective behaviors by means of a relatively small number of local interaction rules between individuals in a crowd. Clearly, the individual's free will involved in decision making processes and in the management of the social interactions cannot be described by a finite number of deterministic rules. On the other hand, in large crowds, this individual indeterminacy can be considered as a local fluctuation averaged to zero by the size of the crowd. While at the microscopic scale, using a system of coupled ODEs, the free will should be included in the mathematical description (e.g. with a stochastic term), the mesoscopic and macroscopic scales, modeled by PDEs, represent a powerful modelling tool that allows to neglect this feature and provide a reliable description. In this sense, the work by Bellomo, Clarke, Gibelli, Townsend, and Vreugdenhil [2] represents a mathematical-epistemological contribution towards the design of a reliable model of human behavior.

  13. Eu - a psicanálise: introdução à tradução A casca e o núcleo (de Nicolas Abraham

    Maria José R. Faria Coracini


    Full Text Available

    Com o intuito de apresentar a obra de Abraham intitulada A casca e o núcleo, tecem-se considerações em torno da tradução. Afinal, é o que Abraham faz, não apenas quando traduz termos de uma língua para outra, mas quando se serve da palavra no interior da mesma língua. Trata-se da tradução anassêmica que consiste em passar de uma palavra a outra, sem mudar de palavra, fazendo-as transbordarem de sentido. Assim, uma mesma palavra da língua usual, uma vez aspeada, designa o sentido intencional evidenciado pela redução fenomenológica; se grafada com letra maiúscula, remete a um processo de antes do sentido e antes da presença, passando da fenomenologia ao discurso psicanalítico, campo que se situa no solo do impensado da fenomenologia, desta guardando o que não lhe é possível perder. Assim, as palavras prazer, "prazer", Prazer não têm sentidos diferentes, menos ainda sentidos idênticos ou mesmo análogos; se não são homônimas, são menos ainda sinônimas. Prisioneira de sua própria contradição, a tradução teria como tarefa (impossível traduzir em discurso o que lhe escapa por essência, ou seja, o não-discurso, o intraduzível e o inapresentável.

  14. 2D and 3D documentation of St. Nicolas baroque church for the general reconstruction using laser scanning and photogrammetry technologies combination

    Křemen, Tomáš; Koska, Bronislav


    Total reconstruction of a historical object is a complicated process consisting of several partial steps. One of these steps is acquiring high-quality data for preparation of the project documentation. If these data are not available from the previous periods, it is necessary to proceed to a detailed measurement of the object and to create a required drawing documentation. New measurement of the object brings besides its costs also several advantages as complex content and form of drawings exactly according to the requirements together with their high accuracy. The paper describes measurement of the Baroque church by the laser scanning method extended by the terrestrial and air photogrammetry. It deals with processing the measured data and creating the final outputs, which is a 2D drawing documentation, orthophotos and a 3D model. Attention is focused on their problematic parts like interconnection of the measurement data acquired by various technologies, creation of orthophotos and creation of the detailed combined 3D model of the church exterior. Results of this work were used for preparation of the planned reconstruction of the object.

  15. Directional wave and temperature data from thirteen buoys at San Nicolas Island, Dana Point and Oceanside, CA, 1997-2002 (NODC Accession 0000774)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Coastal Data Information Program (CDIP) is an extensive network for monitoring waves along the coastlines of the United States, with a strong emphasis on our...

  16. [Statistical data on head trauma with frontal sinus involvement at the Emergency Hospital Clinic "Prof. Dr. Nicolae Oblu", Iaşi, Romania].

    Dobrin, Irina; Dobrin, N; Poeata, I; Ianovici, N


    We present here some interesting points of view concerning head and brain injury with frontal sinus involvement. In general neurosurgical practice the frontal sinus traumatic involvement is about 3-5 per cent from all head trauma; we proposed to realise a extensive 5 years study to finnaly sumarise the characteristical elements for our geographical area. The amount of patients hospitalized in our clinic was about 80 000 in five years. Concerning our statistical data, there are 677 patients with frontal sinus injury, 490 from this were complicated with brain pathology. We concluded there are differences between our series and the other studies from developed countries, in our region the domestical (agricultural works) causes are about 10% higher.

  17. Hyperbolic scaling and computing in social crowds: Comment on "Human behaviours in evacuation crowd dynamics: From modelling to "big data" toward crisis management" by Nicola Bellomo et al.

    Outada, Nisrine


    I have read with great interest the paper [5] where the authors present an overview and critical analysis of the literature on the modeling of the crowd dynamics with special attention to evacuation dynamics. The approach developed is based on suitable development of methods of the kinetic theory. Interactions, which lead to the decision choice, are modeled by theoretical tools of stochastic evolutionary game theory [11,12]. However, the paper [5] provides not only a survey focused on topics of great interest for our society, but also it looks ahead to a variety of interesting and challenging mathematical problems. Specifically, I am interested in the derivation of macroscopic (hydrodynamic) models from the underlying description given from the kinetic theory approach, more specifically by the kinetic theory for active particles [8]. A general reference on crowd modeling is the recently published book [10].

  18. Environmental Impact Analysis Process. Environmental Assessment Air Force Small Launch Vehicle, Vandenberg Air Force Base, Edwards Air Force Base, and San Nicolas Island, CA


    in California. Others are found at Crescent City, Humboldt, Fort Bragg, Point Reyes and Fort Ord. Although all coastal habitats are becoming riparian woodlands on VAFB (USAF, 1976d). Red-legged frog (Rana aurora ) and Southwestern pond turtle are known to frequent freshwater wetlands

  19. 酉州乌羊生长曲线拟合分析研究%Study on growth curve fitting of YouZhou Black Goat

    方亚; 黄勇富; 王高富


    对酉州乌羊体重随月龄增长应用Logistic、Gompertz、Richards模型进行生长曲线拟合分析,建立公、母羊的拟合曲线方程及求出拐点体重、拐点月龄。结果表明:三种模型均能很好地拟合公、母羊生长规律,Logistic、Gompertz、Richards模型拟合公羊的拟合度(R2)分别为0.987、0.995、0.987,母羊拟合度(R2)0.968、0.9810.968,三种模型相互比较,Gompertz模型拟合效果最好。%Youzhou black goats weight increase with age application Logistic, Gompertz, Richardss model for growth curve fitting analysis, male goat and famale goat's equation and find the Inflexion point of body weight, Inflexion age. maximal growth rate.The results showed that:three models can fit male goat and famale goat growth pattern, Logistic, Gompertz, Richards three model fitting male goat goodness of fit (R2) were 0.987,0.995,0.987,famale goat goodness of fit (R2) 0.968,0.981 0.968, three models compare with each other, Gompertz model fit the best.

  20. Herder and ZHOU Zuo-ren%赫尔德与周作人——民俗学与民族性




  1. The Achievement of Sapan to Develop Buddhism in Liang Zhou Area%略述萨班在凉州等地的弘法事迹




  2. 殷周人神关系之演进及思考%The Evolution and Thought of Relation of Men and Gods during Yin and Zhou Dynasties




  3. 周作人与夏目漱石"余裕"论%Zhou Zuoren and the Ample Theory of Natsume Souseki




  4. Analysis of the Relationship Between Zhou Zuo-ren and Soseki Natsume%浅析周作人作品对夏目漱石的受容




  5. Zhen Zhou and Bianzhou new district development basing on symbiotic relationship%基于共生视角的郑汴新区发展

    王克亚; 成小梅


    伴随着全球化进程和劳动地域分工的进一步深化,经济竞争超越国界,更多表现为区域之间、城市之间的合作性竞争,而区域间的竞争合作受经济、政治、生态环境、人口、文化以及观念等多种因素的影响。本文引入种群生态学中的共生理论,将区域合作的双方视为存在复杂关系的有机体,通过分析郑汴区域合作的共生条件、共生特征及存在的问题,提出相应对策及建议。%With the deepening of globalization and geographic labor division,economic competition has gone beyond nation,with more performance of Co-opertition between regions and cities,while regional cooperation is influenced by economics,politics,ecological environment,?population,culture,localism and other factors.?This paper introduces the theory of symbiosis from population ecology,and supposes the two sides of regional cooperation as complex organism.With analysis of the symbiotic conditions,characteristics and problems of the new area of Zhengzhou—Kaifeng,corresponding countermeasures and suggestions was proposed.

  6. International Law Regulations of Disability Discrimination in Sports ZHOU Qing-shan%体育领域残疾歧视的国际法规制



    Abstract: Sport right is one of the important rights enjoyed by the disabled. But the disability discrimination in sports field has seriously affected the realization of the sport rights of the disabled. There are two channels in the international society to control the disability discrimination in sports field, including the hard law such as the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and the soft law such as the Olympic Charter. Through the efforts of the international community, the disabled people have more and more opportunities to participate in mass sports and competitive sports, yet further measures need to be taken to ensure the full realization of the sport rights of the disabled people.%体育权利是残疾人所应该享有的一项重要权利,体育领域的残疾歧视严重影响了残疾人体育权利的实现。国际社会对体育领域残疾歧视的规制主要有硬法规制和软法规制,硬法如《残疾人权利公约》,软法如《奥林匹克宪章》。经过国际社会的努力,残疾人参与群众体育和竞技体育获得了较大的发展,但仍需继续采取措施保障残疾人体育权利的更大实现。

  7. Zhou Zuo-ren:Being in the Dostoyevsky's Discourse%周作人:在陀思妥也夫斯基的话语活动中




  8. 细胞信号传导抑制剂Glivec的研究进展%Research Advance on Cell Signal Blocking Agent Zhou Aiping Reviewed by Feng Fengyi

    周爱萍; 冯奉仪


    @@ 研究表明细胞信号传导异常与一些恶性肿瘤的发生和发展密切相关,抑制异常的细胞信号传导是恶性肿瘤治疗的又一新靶点.2001年5月10日美国FDA批准了一个用于治疗慢性粒细胞性白血病(CML)的酪氨酸激酶抑制剂Imatinib,即甲磺酸伊马替尼,商品名为Glivec.Glivec是第一个被正式批准用于治疗恶性肿瘤的细胞信号传导的抑制剂.

  9. Correction: Xingchen Zhou, et al. Whole Exome Sequencing in Psoriasis Patients Contributes to Studies of Acitretin Treatment Difference. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 295

    Xingchen Zhou


    Full Text Available We would like to submit the following correction to the published paper [1], the reason for this action is that the data in Table 3 were reanalyzed by one more accurate statistic method: On page 12, the sentence of paragraph three “OR and 95% CI were calculated by limited backward-LR (likelihood ratio logistic regression analysis with adjustment by clinical variables” should be corrected into “OR and 95% CI were calculated by limited enter logistic regression analysis with adjustment by clinical variables”.[...

  10. Ordinary Scenes Illustrate SpecialAtmosp here under Their Brushes——Appreciating the art ofZhou Tao,Chen Yi and Zhang Xin


    In the past, many Chinese artists have beenafraid they would be criticized for lagging behindthe world in their conceptions. They are eager todo something unconventional or unorthodox. Theiractions are very similar with the trend Liu Xie

  11. Survey on status of staff for Plasmodium microscopy examinations in Chang-zhou City%常州市疟疾镜检人员现状调查

    谢轶青; 何明祯; 朱仕英; 邹永根; 陈弘


    目的:了解常州市消除疟疾行动初期各级卫生机构疟疾镜检人员的现状,为全市实现消除疟疾目标提供参考依据。方法采用问卷调查、疟疾理论知识和镜检操作考试的形式,对常州市各级医疗机构和疾病预防控制中心疟疾镜检人员进行现状调查,并对所得数据进行统计学分析。结果共调查95名疟疾镜检人员,其中大专、本科及以上学历分别占40.0%和45.3%;从事检验工作年限1年以内的占18.9%,2~5年的占40.0%,6~10年的占18.9%,10年以上的占22.1%;上一年度参加省(市)级、区(县)级和单位内培训的人均次数分别为0.57、0.59次和0.14次;工作中有发现疟原虫经历的人数占18.9%;认为疟疾血检工作非常有必要和有必要的占97.9%;认为疟疾镜检工作增加工作负荷、增加工作难度的分别占57.9%和8.4%;培训前后的疟疾相关知识平均正解率分别为72.5%和91.6%,差异有统计学意义(χ2=314.3,P<0.05);疟疾镜检操作考试平均分为25.3分(满分50分),及格(≥30分)率为58.9%。结论常州市医疗机构的疟疾镜检人员岗位培训工作不到位,工作经验相对薄弱,需进一步加强培训,以提高疟疾镜检的实际操作能力。%Objective To understand the current state of staff for Plasmodium microscopy examinations in Changzhou City in the early stage of eliminating malaria action,so as to provide the evidence for achieving the target of malaria elimination. Methods The staff for Plasmodium microscopy examinations from medical institutions and centers for disease control and prevention at differ-ent levels were investigated by questionnaires and tests of the malaria related theory and microscopic operation. Results Totally 95 people were investigated,and among them,40.0%had college degree and 45.3%were university educated. There were 18.9%of them working on Plasmodium microscopy examinations for less than 1 year,40.0%for 2-5 years,18.9%for 6-10 years and 22.1%for more than 10 years. The numbers of person-time of provincial and municipal level training,district-level training,and unit-level training in the last year were 0.57,0.59,and 0.14,respectively. Totally 18.9%of them had the experience of finding Plasmodium at work,and 97.9% of them considered it was necessary or very necessary to do Plasmodium microscopy examina-tions. However,57.9%and 8.4%of them considered Plasmodium microscopy examinations increased their work load and work dif-ficulty,respectively. The average correct rates of knowledge tests on malaria before and after training were 72.5%and 91.6%re-spectively(P<0.05). The average mark of Plasmodium microscopic tests was 25.3 points(full mark being 50 points),and the passing rate(≥30 points)was 58.9%. Conclusion The working experience of staff for Plasmodium microscopy examinations in Changzhou City is relatively poor,and the related training should be enhanced.

  12. Magic Zhou jingqi The Birth of China's Original Comic Platform%周靖淇"有妖气"?中国原创漫画平台的诞生



    @@ 下班了做什么呢?最近漫画迷会乐滋滋地告诉你:火速去"有妖气"网站报到,等待的更新.是有妖气的原创漫画之一,除此之外,他们还有、等高人气原创漫画系列. 几个月来,有妖气在80后、90后热爱动漫的年轻人中声名鹊起,甚至有读者说: "有妖气有可能成为中国未来漫画的核心."

  13. Dating based on Lunar Phases as seen in the Zuo Tripod and the Western Zhou Chronology%逨鼎的月相纪日和西周年代




  14. 论斯威夫特对周作人散文创作的影响%A Study of Jonathan Swift's Influence on Zhou Zuoren's Prose




  15. Metro transfer station for the design of deep excavation in Su Zhou%苏州地铁换乘站深基坑设计



    Based on the analysis of the example of a transfer station of subway project, introduces the design scheme of high water bearing sand retaining structure of deep foundation pit formation of transfer station, deep foundation pit in the calculation of important parameters are also compared, according to the actual situation of the stratum pressure water effect introduces related processing scheme, and puts forward the author's opinion, have certain the reference value for the similar project design.%文章通过对某地铁换乘车站工程的实例分析,介绍了高水位含砂地层换乘站深基坑围护结构设计方案,对深基坑计算重要参数取值也进行了对比分析,针对地层承压水作用实际情况介绍了相关处理方案,并提出了作者的见解,对类似工程的设计具有一定的参考价值。

  16. 不应称陈氏为周恩来继母%Chen Shi shall not be called Zhou Enlai's stepmother




  17. Restricted View on "Ritual Archery" and its Function in Western Zhou Dynasty%管窥西周时期礼射活动及其功能




  18. 《东周列国志》中的天命意识%The Sense of Destiny in Annals of the Kingdoms in the East Zhou Dynasty




  19. 周公礼殿--历史名人纪念堂%Zhou Gong Temple-The Palace in Memory of Historical Celebrities



    @@ 东汉末年(公元2世纪末),成都城南文翁石室旁出现了一座历史名人纪念堂,名叫"周公礼殿". 《华阳国志·蜀志》:"始文翁立文学精舍,讲堂作石室,在城南.永初后,堂遇火.

  20. NICOLAS LÉMERY (1645-1715) Y SU TEORÍA FÍSICO-QUÍMICA SOBRE DIVERSOS FENÓMENOS DE INTERÉS PARA LAS CIENCIAS DE LA TIERRA/Nicolas Lémery (1645-1715) and his Physical-chemical Theory about Different Phenomena for Earth Sciences

    Cándido Manuel García Cruz


    ...: the processes of mineral fermentation, in this case of sulfur and iron, as a heat source, within the corpuscular theory of matter and mechanistic philosophy, and likewise it represents an interesting...

  1. Intervention of Mr Nicolas Sarkozy, Government minister, minister of economy, finances and industry. Energy debate - Thursday April 15, 2004 - French house of commons; Intervention de M. Nicolas Sarkozy, ministre d'Etat, ministre de l'economie, des finances et de l'industrie. Debat sur l'energie - jeudi 15 avril 2004 - assemblee nationale

    Sarkozy, N.


    In this talk, the French minister of economy, finances and industry recalls, first, some important key dates of the French energy history (creation of the French electric and gas utilities (EdF and GdF) in 1946, first petroleum shock in 1973 and the start-up of the French nuclear program) and then, presents the present day energy policy and the constraints that control the French energy choices: the lack of oil and gas resources in the French territory, and the problem of the global warming. According to these constraints, the French government has defined 4 main axes: energy mastery (thermal insulation of buildings, abatement of road speed limits, development of railway and river transport, financial incentives), development of renewable energy sources, renewal of the nuclear park with the launching of the European Pressurized reactor (EPR), and development of research programs in the domain of energy. The last part presents the new European framework of the French energy policy with the change of EdF and GdF juridical statuses and the progressive convergence of the different European energy policies towards a common model. (J.S.)

  2. Talk given by M. Nicolas Sarkozy on April 27, 2004 at the Senate. Declaration about energy from the government. Taken from the integral proceedings published on the Senate Internet site; Discours de M. Nicolas Sarkozy, le 27 avril 2004 au Senat. Declaration du Gouvernement sur l'energie. A partir du compte rendu integral publie sur le site internet du Senat

    Sarkozy, N.


    In this talk, the French minister of economy, finances and industry presents the main trends of the French national energy plan. He recalls, first, some important key dates of the French energy history (creation of the French electric and gas utilities (EdF and GdF) in 1946, first petroleum shock in 1973 and the start-up of the French nuclear program) and presents the constraints that control today's French energy choices: the lack of oil and gas resources in the French territory, and the problem of the global warming. Taking into account these constraints, the French government has defined 4 main priorities: energy mastery (thermal insulation of buildings, abatement of road speed limits, financial incentives), development of renewable energy sources and, in particular, the offshore wind power and the bio-fuels, renewal of the nuclear park with the launching of the European Pressurized reactor (EPR), and development of research programs in the domain of energy. The last part presents the new European framework of the energy markets and the necessity of changing EdF and GdF juridical statuses to meet the European competition. (J.S.)

  3. A handbook of primary commodities in the global economy

    Radetzki, Marian


    ... of economics, Marian Radetzki introduces and explains pertinent issues surrounding international commodity markets such as the global geography of raw materials, price formation, price trends, the role of commodity exchanges, the threat of depletion, cartel action, state ownership and the new commodity nationalism. marian radetzki is Professor of Economics at ...

  4. Toetust kaotav Sarkozy võib varsti taas abielluda / Hendrik Vosman

    Vosman, Hendrik


    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke 8. jaan. 2008, lk. 7. Prantsusmaa presidendi Nicolas Sarkozy kavatsusest abielluda itaallannast laulja ja endise modelli Carla Bruniga. Rahva vähenevast usaldusest presidendi suhtes. Lisa: Nicolas Sarkozy naised

  5. Toetust kaotav Sarkozy võib varsti taas abielluda / Hendrik Vosman

    Vosman, Hendrik


    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke 8. jaan. 2008, lk. 7. Prantsusmaa presidendi Nicolas Sarkozy kavatsusest abielluda itaallannast laulja ja endise modelli Carla Bruniga. Rahva vähenevast usaldusest presidendi suhtes. Lisa: Nicolas Sarkozy naised

  6. Luttwak : Eesti vajab territoriaalkaitset


    Washingtonis asuva Strateegiliste ja Rahvusvaheliste Uuringute Keskuse vanemteaduri Edward Nicolae Luttwaki Kaitseväe Ühendatud Õppeasutuste saalis toimunud esinemise refereering. Lisa: Edward Nicolae Luttwak

  7. Mariological paintings in the Chapel of Our Lady's Tomb in the Kalwaria Zebrzydowska compound. From studies on the reception of graphics in Polish 17th century painting

    Janina Dzik


    Full Text Available The Chapel of Our Lady's Tomb in Brody, complete with valuable interior furnishing, in terms of history and territory belongs to the architectural landscape concept of the Marian- and Passion-themed compound in Kalwaria Zebrzydowska. In the fields of the late-Renaissance choir parapet and the galleries of the chapel there are a series of paintings showing hitherto unspecified Marian themes. The items have never been referred to in literature on Kalwaria or mentioned in guidebooks or maintenance records. The article analyses, in a broad context, the symbolism of 37 Marian scenes presenting Mary and symbolic objects (e.g. a heart, a building, a garden.

  8. Joseph Stiglitz, Amartya Sen, Jean-Paul Fitoussi, 2009, Richesse des nations et bien-être des individus, Préface de Nicolas Sarkozy, Paris : Odile Jacob, 326 p.

    Stéphane Callens


    Full Text Available Les éditions Odile Jacob éditent avec une préface du Président de la République Française le rapport de la commission présidée par Joseph Stiglitz, rapport remis le 14 septembre 2009. La commande publique résulte du divorce entre les perceptions du public et les chiffres sur le pouvoir d’achat. La tonalité de l’introduction est volontaire, confiante dans l’élaboration d’un projet collectif pour provoquer le changement. Elle est aussi inquiète devant la crise financière et les conséquences éco...

  9. Some aspects on kinetic modeling of evacuation dynamics. Comment on "Human behaviours in evacuation crowd dynamics: From modelling to "big data" toward crisis management" by Nicola Bellomo et al.

    Calvo, Juan; Nieto, Juanjo


    The management of human crowds in extreme situations is a complex subject which requires to take into account a variety of factors. To name a few, the understanding of human behaviour, the psychological and behavioural features of individuals, the quality of the venue and the stress level of the pedestrian need to be addressed in order to select the most appropriate action during an evacuation process on a complex venue. In this sense, the mathematical modeling of such complex phenomena can be regarded as a very useful tool to understand and predict these situations. As presented in [4], mathematical models can provide guidance to the personnel in charge of managing evacuation processes, by means of helping to design a set of protocols, among which the most appropriate during a given critical situation is then chosen.

  10. Two cases of imported malaria in Western Romania, 2010-2011 Raul Neghina1, Elena Doina Nicola2, Camelia Nita3, Virgil Musta1,3, Emilia Nicoara1,3, Tudor Rares Olariu1,2

    Raul Neghina; Elena Doina Nicola; Camelia Nita; Virgil Musta; Emilia Nicoara; Tudor Rares Olariu


    ABSTRACT Malaria is a major problem for European travelers to endemic regions. In Romania during 1980-2007 approximately20 imported cases were detected annually. The aim of our short communication is to present2 interesting cases of imported malaria detected in Western Romania. The first patient was a20-year female who traveled to India and acquired an infection with Plasmodium vivax (P. vivax). The second patient, a60-year female, contracted an infection withPlasmodium falciparum (P. falciparum) during a trip to Ghana; the evolution of the disease was severe with many complications and the patient finally died. The cases presented revealed the difficulties in establishing a correct diagnosis of malaria in a non-endemic country, consequences of an incomplete taken anamnesis. Travel history should always represent a mandatory part of a well conducted investigation. At the same time, we must underline the importance of a correct and complete prophylaxis prior to every departure to tropical countries.

  11. Multiple scales modelling approaches to social interaction in crowd dynamics and crisis management. Comment on "Human behaviours in evacuation crowd dynamics: From modelling to "big data" toward crisis management" by Nicola Bellomo et al.

    Trucu, Dumitru


    In this comprehensive review concerning the modelling of human behaviours in crowd dynamics [3], the authors explore a wide range of mathematical approaches spanning over multiple scales that are suitable to describe emerging crowd behaviours in extreme situations. Focused on deciphering the key aspects leading to emerging crowd patterns evolutions in challenging times such as those requiring an evacuation on a complex venue, the authors address this complex dynamics at both microscale (individual level), mesoscale (probability distributions of interacting individuals), and macroscale (population level), ultimately aiming to gain valuable understanding and knowledge that would inform decision making in managing crisis situations.

  12. Multiscale approaches to crowd dynamics and the reliability of data from experiments. Comment on "Human behaviours in evacuation crowd dynamics: From modelling to "big data" toward crisis management" by Nicola Bellomo et al.

    Piccoli, Benedetto


    In this interesting essay, focused on mathematical models for crowd dynamics specifically for the purpose of management of extreme events such as evacuation from complex environment, Bellomo et al. [2] provide a critical analysis and argue that kinetic models may provide well-suited tools to support decision making.

  13. Crowd dynamics evacuations: The roles of shape optimization and real-time computational models. Comment on "Human behaviours in evacuation crowd dynamics: From modelling to "big data" toward crisis management" by Nicola Bellomo et al.

    Delle Monache, Maria Laura


    This paper focuses on mathematical models for crowd dynamics in real life situations for support to decision making in critical situations. It deals with the modeling and the computations in the light of improving safety and pedestrians behavior.

  14. A fire safety engineering perspective on crowd evacuation dynamics. Comment on "Human behaviours in evacuation crowd dynamics: From modelling to "big data" toward crisis management" by Nicola Bellomo et al.

    Ronchi, Enrico


    The review presented by Bellomo et al. [1] addresses the modelling approaches employed to represent human behaviour in evacuation in a comprehensive manner. The authors discuss crowd evacuation modelling in light of crisis management, a relevant and current topic given the recent escalation of terrorist threats all over the world. The need for designing buildings for rapid evacuation using crowd evacuation models has been recently raised in important forums [2]. This research area is strictly linked to the field of Fire Safety Engineering.

  15. On the scaling problem and micro-macro derivation of crowd models. Comment on "Human behaviours in evacuation crowd dynamics: From modelling to "big data" toward crisis management" by Nicola Bellomo et al.

    Chouhad, Nadia


    A personal comment on a scientific paper is unavoidably related to the personal education and bias. This statement allows me to apologize about the fact that my comment mainly focuses on a somewhat narrow field, namely to analytic topics related to modeling behavioral crowds. The remarks in the following aim also to induce further research suggestions from the authors of paper [3]. In more detail I bring to the attention of the authors of [3] and I look forward to their reply in view of future activity in this field: The micro-macro derivation of hydrodynamic type models should lead to hyperbolic type models, where the propagation speed of perturbation is finite, see [4]. However, it would be interesting understanding how far parabolic type models [6], and their possible modifications, can be accepted as an approximation of physical reality [8].

  16. Satellite Remote Sensing: A New Tool for Archaelogy. Edited by Rosa Lasaponara and Nicola Masini, Springer, 2012; 364 pages. Price: CHF 173.00, ISBN 978-90-481-8800

    Shu-Kun Lin


    Full Text Available This book provides a state-of-the-art overview of satellite archaeology and it is an invaluable volume for archaeologists, scientists, and managers interested in using satellite Earth Observation (EO to improve the traditional approach for archaeological investigation, protection and management of Cultural Heritage.

  17. Contes de la Mille et deuxième nuit. Théophile Gautier, Edgar Allan Poe, Nicolae Davidescu, Richard Lesclide & André Gill, Ed. Jérôme Millon et Evanghélia Stead

    Merello, Ida


    Le edizioni Millon (collezione «Nomina») ci propongono qui, dopo la pregevole antologia su La Seconde Odyssée (Ulysse de Tennyson à Borges), tre novelle che prendono spunto dalla prosecuzione parodica e ironica delle Mille e una notte. Così in La Mille et deuxième nuit, Gautier (1842) immagina un narratore francese che offre a Schéhérazade la propria storia, con esiti che si prefigurano infausti per la povera sultana. Poe (1845), in The thousand and second tale, suppone che sia la narratrice ...

  18. Further steps in the modeling of behavioural crowd dynamics, good news for safe handling. Comment on "Human behaviours in evacuation crowd dynamics: From modelling to "big data" toward crisis management" by Nicola Bellomo et al.

    Knopoff, Damián A.


    The recent review paper [4] constitutes a valuable contribution on the understanding, modeling and simulation of crowd dynamics in extreme situations. It provides a very comprehensive revision about the complexity features of the system under consideration, scaling and the consequent justification of the used methods. In particular, macro and microscopic models have so far been used to model crowd dynamics [9] and authors appropriately explain that working at the mesoscale is a good choice to deal with the heterogeneous behaviour of walkers as well as with the difficulty of their deterministic identification. In this way, methods based on the kinetic theory and statistical dynamics are employed, more precisely the so-called kinetic theory for active particles [7]. This approach has successfully been applied in the modeling of several complex dynamics, with recent applications to learning [2,8] that constitutes the key to understand communication and is of great importance in social dynamics and behavioral sciences.

  19. 77 FR 42713 - Notice of Intent to Grant an Exclusive License; PadJack, Inc.


    ... Technology Transfer Program, 9800 Savage Road, Suite 6541, Fort George G. Meade, MD 20755-6541. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Marian T. Roche, Director, Technology Transfer Program, 9800 Savage Road, Suite...

  20. Pitsereid Tallinna Linnaarhiivist / Ivar Leimus

    Leimus, Ivar, 1953-


    Arvustus: Pitsereid Tallinna Linnaarhiivist = Siegel aus dem Tallinner Stadtarchiv = Seals from Tallinn City Archives / töörühm: Marian Habicht, Juhan Kreem, Sille Feldberg. Tallinn : Tallinna Linnaarhiiv, 2013

  1. Know Stroke: Know the Signs, Act in Time Video

    Full Text Available ... Stroke Dr. Joseph Broderick, Professor and Chairman, Neurology, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine Special Thanks to: ... Junious Dr. Marian LaMonte, Director, Brain Attack Team, University of Maryland Medical Center Suburban Hospital University of ...

  2. Commentary on "genomic characterization of testis cancer: association of alterations with outcome of clinical stage mixed germ cell non-seminomatous germ cell tumor of the testis." Mohamed GH, Gelfond JAL, Nicolas MM, et al Mohamed GH, Gelfond JA, Nicolas MM, Brand TC, Sarvis JA, Leach RJ, Johnson-Pais TL, Department of Pathology, University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, TX 78229, USA: Urology 2012;80:485.

    Richie, Jerome


    To identify genomic markers that are reliable in predicting lymph node metastases in clinical stage 1 non-seminomatous germ cell tumors (NSGCTs). Comparative genomic array technology was used to identify regions of genomic amplification or deletion in clinical stage 1 NSGCTs. Twelve stage 1 mixed germ cell testicular tumors were analyzed, which were obtained from 8 patients who had no evidence of nodal metastasis when retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (RPLND) had been performed (i.e., were RPLND negative) and 4 patients who had nodal metastases (i.e., were RPLND positive). Differences between the genomic alterations associated with the two classes of tumors were identified. Genomic alterations previously reported in other subtypes of testicular tumors were observed in both metastatic and nonmetastatic cases. Statistically suggestive differences in mean copy number of the Y chromosome were found between metastatic and nonmetastatic cases (P = 0.0142). This finding suggests the presence of chromosome Y deletions to be a potential genetic marker for prediction of mixed germ cell tumor progression. This is a first step toward identifying chromosomal markers of progression in testicular cancer in clinical stage 1 mixed germ cell NSGCT. Copyright © 2013. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  3. 论温泉文化内涵的挖掘——以汝城热水温泉为例%A Study On The Meaning Of Hot Spring Culture Based on Hot Spring in Rucheng, ChenZhou



    This article, on the analysis of the hot spring culture and hot water spring tourist resources, proposes strategies to hot spring culture development, and discusses hot spring culture in the development of tourism.%文章在对温泉文化内涵进行分析的基础上,结合汝城热水温泉的旅游资源特色,对汝城温泉文化内涵的挖掘提出了相应的策略,借以探讨温泉文化在温泉旅游开发中的应用。

  4. 激情与尴尬:中国影界的争议人物周世勋%The Controversial Figure Zhou Shixun and His Film Career in 1920s




  5. 徐州市学龄前儿童肥胖综合干预效果初步观察%Primary Observation on the Effect of Comprehensive Interventions for Simple Obesity in the Preschool Children of XuZhou.

    张梅; 盛志华; 褚英; 李莉萍; 莫宝庆; 张予萍; 倪杰


    目的 观察饮食与运动干预减缓学龄前肥胖儿童体重增加的效果.方法 在徐州市随机抽取两所幼儿园-中国矿大(干预组)与八一(对照组)幼儿园作为研究对象,根据身高标准体重筛选出肥胖儿童,为干预组儿童设计减肥食谱、制订运动方案,于干预前及干预4个月后分别对两组儿童的身高、体重进行测量、用问卷法了解饮食习惯,用称重法结合询问法调查肥胖儿童食物与营养素摄取情况,进行干预效果的分析与评价.结果 干预后,干预组儿童的总能量、宏量营养素、晚餐能量、动物性食品的摄取量均明显低于对照组;吃饭速度减慢、在家与幼儿园里能自觉减少食物摄入、在家看电视时间明显减少、运动时间增多的儿童明显多于对照组儿童.干预组儿童的体重及体重增加明显低于对照组.结论 饮食与运动综合干预措施能有效地减缓学龄前肥胖儿童体重的增加.

  6. 鬼方:殷周时代北方的农牧混合族群%Gui Fang:A Herder Husbandry Group of People in the Northern Shanxi and Shaanxi Region during the Shang-Zhou Period




  7. 四川泸州市齿龈内阿米巴感染情况的调查与分析%Investigation on Amoeba buccalis human injections in Lu-zhou City, Sichuan

    王敏; 付光新; 王光西; 张跃辉; 杨兴友



  8. 商周时期的民歌精品——鄘诗探源(下)%The Elite of Folk Songs in Shang and Zhou Period——An Exploration Into Yong Poems

    丁身伟; 吴燕华


      该文推翻偏颇的旧说,重新对鄘诗给予阐释与评价,力图恢复其本来面目。由于历史、地域等的涉及面很广,虽然不断地寻找新的资料根据,但因年代久远,不免精粗并存。%  Overturning the old beliefs, this paper gives a reillustration and reassessment of Yong poems, with an effort to restore its onginal version. Due to the long history and vast region, though constantly seeking new materials as proofs, it is hard to avoid roughness.

  9. Analysis of the public health emergencies events in Qiandongnan Prefecture, Gui Zhou Province in 2005-2010%黔东南州2005~2010年突发公共卫生事件分析

    罗涛; 周文红; 邓茂铭; 潘宏; 杨斌


    OBJECTIVE To understand the epidemiological characteristic of public health emergencies events in Qiandongnan prefecture, in order to provide the basis to formulate and implement prevention and control measures for the public health e-mergencies events. METHODS Collected data and materials of public health emergencies events in Qiandongnan prefecture from 2005 to 2010 to summarize and analyze epidemiological characteristics. RESULTS From 2005 to 2010, the number of public health emergencies was 178 in Qiandongnan. 8 708 cases were reported, 24 people were died. 152 infectious disease were among them, other public health events were 26 cases, unrated events were 17, general events were 145 cases, larger events were 13, significant events were 3; 140 cases happened in elementary school and kindergarten; the average time of the first case to be reported to department was 10.61 days, the average time of the receipt of the report to take measures was 3.28 hours, the average time of confirmation time to network report was 1.51 days, the average time from receipt of the report at the county level to a state level was 0.74 days, the average time of flow report to disposal report was 3.21 days. CONCLUSION The public health emergencies in Qiandongnan prefecture are mainly infectious diseases. Most are common infectious diseases. Incident response speed increases year by year. The report from the place after the events is the key. The school in rural areas is a place with sudden and higher incidence of public health. Public health emergencies influence students' physical health in primary and middle school, which should arouse the attention of education and health department. Improving sensitivity of the basic units for students of infectious diseases reported and timeliness of the investigation on public health emergencies in school should be the focuses in future work.%目的 了解黔东南州突发公共卫生事件的流行病学特征,为制订和实施突发公共卫生事件的防控措施提供依据.方法 收集2005~2010年黔东南州突发公共卫生事件疫情数据与资料,进行汇总和流行病学特征分析.结果 2005~2010年黔东南州突发公共卫生事件共发生178起,报告发病8708例,死亡24人.其中传染病疫情152起,其他公共卫生事件26起;未分级事件17起,一般事件145起,较大事件13起,重大事件3起;发生在各中、小学校及幼儿园140起;首例病例发生到报出时间平均为10.61 d,接到报告到派员处置时间平均为3.28 h,事件确认到网络直报时间平均为1.51 d,县级疾控中心接到报告到报告州级平均时间为0.74 d,流调报告从处置到上报时间平均为3.21 d.结论 黔东南州突发公共卫生事件以传染病疫情为主,多为一般事件,事件响应速度逐年提高,事件发生后基层报告是关键,学校是突发性公共卫生事件的高发场所,多发生在农村地区,严重影响中小学生的身体健康,应引起教育和卫生部门的重视,提高基层单位对学生传染病病例报告的敏感性和学校突发公共卫生事件调查的及时性应做为今后工作的重点.

  10. 徐州红色旅游发展的SWOT分析及发展对策研究%The SWOT Analysis of Red Tourism in XuZhou and its Development Countermeasures Study



    Tourism has economic and social functions,low consumption of resources, driving coefficient is large,more chances of employment and comprehensive benefit of good. Red tourism is a new form of the tourism,to promote tourism economic development on the very important role. This paper,to the red tourism development of Xuzhou with its strengths,weakness,opportunities and challenges by using the SWOTanalysis method are analyzed in detail,and for the further development of Xuzhou red tourism put forward the corresponding countermeasures.%旅游业具有经济和社会功能,资源消耗低,带动系数大,就业机会多,综合效益好。红色旅游是一种新型的旅游形式.对促进旅游地经济发展起了十分重要的作用。本文利用SWOT分析方法对徐州红色旅游发展的优势、劣势、机遇和挑战进行了详细分析,并对徐州红色旅游的进一步发展提出了相应的对策。

  11. The Application of the Same Standard Pollution Load Approach in the SuZhou Pollutant Census Evaluation%等标污染负荷法在苏州市污染源普查评价中的应用



    The essay introduces basic meanings and formula of the Same Standard Pollution Load Approach. Integrating with the Suzhou First National Pollutant Census, it also describes how to use the Same Standard Pollution Load Approach to find out the main pollutants, the main pollution sources, the main pollution industries, and the main pollution areas. In addition, these main factors show local environmental managers definite monitor and control targets.%概述了污染源等标污染负荷法的基本意义和数学公式,并且结合苏州市第一次全国污染源普查的实际,描述了在苏州市污染源普查结果的评价中,通过使用该方法后找出了影响环境的主要污染物、主要污染源、主要污染行业、以及主要区域,从而为当地的环境管理提供了明确的监控对象。

  12. 温州地区人上颌第一恒磨牙牙根解剖的研究%Root anatomy of maxillary first molars in people from WenZhou region

    汪敏; 韦永珍; 潘乙怀


    AIM: To study the root anatomy of the maxillary first molars in people from Wenzhou region.METHODS : A total of 60 extracted maxillary first molars were colleded and numbered.Macro morphology of the root, degree of abrasion, number and type of apical foramen were observed.Vemier was used to measure the length indexes and distance from the apical foramen to the root apex.aearins technique was used to investigate the root carul systems.RESULTS :55.4% of the apical foramens did not locate at their apices, 61.6% of mesiobuccal roots had two caruds, and 1.7% of teeth had three root canals.CONCLUSION :'The root anatomy of the maxillary first molara in people from Wenzhou region is very complex.%目的:了解温州地区人上颌第一恒磨牙牙根解剖基本特点.方法:收集60个温州地区人上颌第一恒磨牙,肉眼观察牙根外形、根尖孔数目、类型;游标卡尺测量牙根长度指标、根尖孔到牙根顶点的距离;透明牙标本法观察根管系统.结果:上颌第一恒磨牙55.4%根尖孔不在根尖顶点,近中颊根双根管率为61.6%,3根管率为1.7%.结论:温州地区人上颌第一恒磨牙牙根、根管形态复杂,应给予足够的重视.

  13. 基于多新息随机梯度永磁同步电机参数辨识%XU Peng1,2, XIAO Jian1, ZHOU Peng2, LI Shan2

    徐鹏; 肖建; 周鹏; 李山


    Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor(PMSM)has some excellent features, such as fast response, better accuracy, high torque to current ratio. Based on analysis of PMSM mathematical model, the system regression model is proposed, and multi-innovation stochastic gradient algorithm for PMSM parameters identification is derived. Simulation and real-time experiments results show that MISG algorithm has more outstanding performance on parameter estimate convergence than SG algorithm because of reusing measurable output and input information. Meanwhile, with multi-inno-vation length increased and forgetting factor affected, convergence performance of MISG algorithm is close to RLS.%永磁同步电机(Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor,PMSM)具有响应快、高精度、高转矩比等诸多优点。在永磁同步电机系统数学模型基础上,构建系统回归模型,推导得永磁同步电机多新息随机梯度参数辨识算法(MISG),仿真和实时实验结果表明由于MISG算法重复利用可测输入输出信息,较单新息随机梯度算法(SG)有着更好的参数估计收敛性,并且随着新息长度 p的增加及遗忘因子引入,MISG算法辨识效果与最小二乘(RLS)算法接近。

  14. 论陀思妥耶夫斯基"非暴力"思想对周作人的影响%On Dostoyevsky's Influence of Nonviolence on Zhou Zuoren








  16. Climatic Analysis and Di-vision of Summer Tour-ism Resources in Quan -zhou%泉州市盛夏避暑旅游气候资源及区划分析

    杨舒琳; 林中鹏; 韩赓


    In this paper, the meteoro-logical data in summer (July to Septem-ber) of 2013 from the 21 stations in Quanzhou and the 6 national stations in-cluding Chongwu, Jinjiang, Nan'an, Anxi, Yongchun, Dehua from 1981 to 2010 were used to compare average air temperature, average maximum air tem-perature, extreme high temperature and the days which ≥35℃ in different re-gions, then by calculating the compre-hensive human comfort degree index, high temperature index to evaluate sum-mer tourism climate resources and ap-propriate summer resort in Quanzhou. It was showed that there were abundant summer tourism climate resources in Quanzhou, and there were significant differences among different regions. The high-altitude mountainous areas and coastal areas which regulated by ocean were suitable for summer resort. Extreme appropriate summer resorts contained most of the islands, coastal stations and high altitude mountainous stations, ap-propriate summer resorts located in coastal areas and individual high altitude mountains.%采用2013年7—9月泉州境内21个自动气象站以及1981—2010年7—9月崇武、晋江、南安、安溪、永春、德化6个国家气象站的资料,对上述地区盛夏的平均气温、平均最高气温、极端最高气温和≥35℃的高温日数进行对比分析,再通过计算人体综合舒适度指数、高温炎热指数,对泉州市盛夏避暑旅游气候资源及适宜避暑区进行研究。分析表明,泉州市盛夏避暑旅游气候资源丰富,不同地域存在显著差异,内陆较高海拔山区由于气温随海拔高度升高而下降形成山地气候,盛夏无酷暑;沿海地区的气温受到海洋调节形成海陆风,凉爽海风吹向陆地,高温难以形成。极适宜避暑区包含了绝大部分海岛、滨海站和高海拔山地站,适宜避暑区落区位于沿海地区和个别高海拔山地,均非常适合盛夏避暑旅游。

  17. Eco engineering plan of substituting miniature hydropower for the fuel of home use in Liu Zhou district%柳州地区小水电代替家用燃料生态工程规划



    @@ 1柳州地区基本情况 柳州地区在广西壮族自治区中部,全区面积2.6811万km2,其中山地1.2334万km2,丘陵0.7443万km2;地区辖9县1市,共138个乡(镇),总人口400.9万人.地区境内大小河流遍布,水能资源丰富,除西江干流红水河、黔江及一级支流柳江河外,其余小河流共计290多条,多年平均径流深975mm,年径流量261.4亿m3.

  18. 欲挽狂澜应有术,先从性理觅高深——周作人的性学思想论析%Analysis on sexological ideology of Zhou Zuoren




  19. 获奖同学代表在颁奖大会上的发言%A speech on behalf of winners at the prize-giving ceremony for 5th national Zhou Peiyuan Mechanics Competition




  20. A speech at the prize-giving ceremony for 5th national Zhou Peiyuan Mechanics Competition%在第五届全国周培源大学生力学竞赛颁奖式上的讲话




  1. A speech on behalf of winner's units at the prize-giving ceremony for 5th national Zhou Peiyuan Mechanics Competition%获奖单位代表在颁奖大会上的讲话




  2. The Cultural Structure of Zhou and Qin and the Zhougong Culture Resource in Guanzhong and Tian Shui%关天周秦文化结构和周公文化资源开发之散论



    The spiritual home of the Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism is Chenzhao village, Zhougong Temple and Famen Temple in Baoji of Shaanxi province. The author shows the Zhougong Temple, Jiangji Temple and Chenzhao village should be planned and deveploped with the Famen Temple tourism area as the Chinese spiritual home. Then, the author suggests that the project of the Hexagrams-Disneyland would be developed firstly, which will not only show the China's culture characteristics but only have the entertainment. In the project, the digital technology, computer technology and electronic entertainment and some others combinded with oriental philosophy and mathematics would be used in it.%陕西宝鸡的召陈村一周公庙一法门寺是中国儒、释、道三教的精神发源地。应以崭新的理念,把周原上的周公庙、姜螈庙、召陈村等“周公文化”遗存,与法门寺景区统一规划、统一开发为中华儿女共有的“精神故乡”。另一方面,笔者并不赞同把周代文化开发重心只放在宝鸡市而西安只搞秦、汉、唐开发的方案,主张在西安丰镐遗址纪念项目中既展示中国文化特征及其贡献,同时又顾及娱乐性,从而首先考虑“易卦—迪士尼乐园”开发方案。在该方案中,可考虑利用当代数字技术、电子计算机技术和电子娱乐设计、视觉传达设计、动漫动画设计等手段,充分开发八卦中蕴含的东方哲理、数理特别是其中的数趣、“谜趣”;同时展示计算机的二进制的起源和数学原理,使游客在趣味中回味八卦的神奇和计算机产生、发展、演变的全过程。

  3. The Trial of Frigidness--A Memory about Zhou Enlai's Attending to the Funeral of Gheorghiu - Dej%一次寒冷的考验--忆周恩来参加乔治乌-德治葬礼



    @@ 1965年3月22日,周恩来总理率领中国党政代表团,乘专机前往罗马尼亚,参加罗马尼亚工人党中央委员会第一书记、国务委员会主席乔治乌-德治的葬礼.3月份是罗马尼亚的冬季,那里的冬天要比北京冷.所以,我们特地给周总理带上毛衣、毛裤和厚的呢子衣服备用.

  4. 泰州市当地居民旅游感知的实证研究%Empirical Study on the Residents' Perception of Tourism Impact in TaiZhou

    吴小伟; 毕桢


    Based on the field Taizhou residents' perception survey,founding that there are some differences between different perceptions of tourism residents.The local residents' perception for a positive cultural impact of tourism economy is strong.Because the development of tourism in Taizhou is on the Early stage,the local residents' perception for a negative cultural impact of tourism economy is not very strong.Residents in the tourist impact on the local cultural perception and the perception of economic impact show great similarity.To the positive impact of tourism,residents perceived more strongly.For the negative effects of tourism,they hold an oppostive attitude.Residents perceive the positive effects of tourism environment more strongly,but they also have large differences.Urban environment needs to be improved.For the negative impact of the environment which comes form the tourism environment,part of the population hold an unclear position,they are at the observation stage.Through field investigations,the paper provids some valuable references for the tourism industry of Taizhou.%本文通过对泰州居民感知进行实地调查,发现目前泰州旅游业处于发展初期,居民对于负面影响的感知还不是很强烈;居民对于旅游环境的正面影响感知虽然比较强烈,但是分歧也较大,城市环境有待进一步提高,对于旅游发展给环境带来的负面影响一部分居民没有明确表态,还处于观察的阶段。居民感知的实证研究能够为刚刚起步的泰州旅游业提供一些有价值的参考建议。

  5. The Circular Buckles and It's Dermatoglyphic Patterns in the Zhou, Qin and Han Dynasties%两周秦汉时期的圆形扣饰及其纹样




  6. Evaluation on Surveillance Data for Routine Immunization Coverage Rates in Zhen Zhou city%郑州市2005年常规免疫接种率评价及影响因素分析

    李锋; 刘哲; 董蒲梅; 宋彩娟


    目的 为了解郑州市常规免疫接种率监测工作的现状,评价郑州市2005年常规免疫接种率监测结果.方法 应用规定的接种率监测评价方法,对郑州市2005年的常规免疫接种率报告结果进行综合分析和评价.结果 各县市区报告完整性、及时率均为100%,基础免疫报告接种率在(98.92~99.75)%之间,全市基础免疫估算接种率在(110.89~127.08)%之间.结论 我市常规免疫接种率维持在较高水平,但仍存在薄弱地区和薄弱环节,常规免疫规范化管理仍待加强.

  7. 关于八年制临床医学教育的认识与思考%Cognition and consideration to medical education of eight-year medical program in China ZHOU

    周慧明; 周花; 张友元; 王庭槐


    我国现有13所高校开办八年制临床医学专业,学校及社会各界对八年制医学教育的办学质量和办学模式评价不一.本文通过分析研究八年制临床医学专业的教学现状,以保证八年制临床医学专业教学质量作为出发点和归宿,对进一步明确八年制临床医学专业培养目标,合理设置"医预阶段",深化课程体系和教学内容、教学方法改革,以及优化教学管理等方面进行了探讨.%There are 13 universities with eight-year medical program in China at present. The schools and the society have different views on the quality and the model of eight-year medical program. For the purpose of ensuring the quality of teaching, this paper firstly analyzes the teaching status quo of eight- year medical program at present, then points out how to define the objective, set up pre-medical phase rea- sonably, reform curriculum and teaching, and optimize the teaching administration for the program.

  8. 青海海西州地区牛羊布鲁菌氏病监测方案的研究%Study on the Surveillance Program for Bovine and Sheep Brucellosis in Haixi Zhou Qinghai Province



      目的探索适合青海省海西州地区牛、羊布鲁氏菌病的监测方案,净化布鲁氏菌病.利用琥红平板凝集试验(RBPT)、全乳环状试验(MRT)和试管凝集试验(SAT)对1200份牛血清中376份奶牛血清、677份羊血清,以及376份牛奶进行检测.结果RBPT检测1200份牛血清中9份可疑,3份阳性;376份奶牛血清中3份可疑,1份阳性;其他牛6份可疑,2份阳性;677份羊血清中3份可疑.MRT检测376份奶样中5份可疑,1份阳性.SAT重复检测的20份血清中2份为阳性,RBPT与MRT结果的符合率为100%.结论三种检测方法的联合使用适合大样本的进行布鲁氏菌病的监测,为基层布鲁氏菌病的监测方案的研究提供了理论依据.%  To explore the suitable cattle and sheep brucellosis surveillance and eradication programs in Haixi Prefecture of Qinghai province region. 1200 bovine serum samples including 376 dairy cow serum samples,677 sheep serum samples and 376 milk samples were detected by using the Rose Bengal plate agglutination test(RBPT),whole milk ring test(MRT)and standard tube agglutination test(SAT).Results showed that among 1200 bovine serum samples,3 were positive and 9 were suspicious(including 1 positive and 3 suspicious among 376 dairy cow serum samples)and among 677 sheep serum samples,3 were suspicious by RBPT.Among 376 milk samples,5 were suspicous by MRT.2 out 20 serum samples retested by SAT were positive.The coincidence between RBPT and MRT for detection of Brucella in serum samples was 100%.In conclusion,joint use of the three assays(RBPT,MRT and SAT)were suitable for brucellosis surveillance of large amount of samples,thus providing a theoretical basis for making grassroots brucellosis surveillance pragrams.

  9. A Through Introduction and Interpretation to the West Zhou's Bronze Utensil "Gui in Memory of the Xing's Marquis"%西周青铜器"邢侯簋"通释




  10. A Through Introduction and Interpretation to West Zhou's Bronze Utensil"Gui in Memory of Xing's Marquis"(Continued)%西周青铜器"邢侯簋"通释(下)




  11. 雅安周公山土壤苏云金芽孢杆菌菌株资源的筛选和初步鉴定%Screening and Identification of Bacillus thuringiensis from Mountain Zhou Gong of Yaan

    李云艳; 谭芙蓉; 郑爱萍; 朱军; 李平


    采集四川雅安市周公山土壤样品320份,利用醋酸钠-抗生素筛选法分离出苏云金芽孢杆菌132株.通过光学显微镜镜检发现,这些菌株均呈典型的苏云金芽孢杆菌形态,其伴孢晶体主要形态有长菱形、短菱形、方形、球形、不定型等.根据GeneBank中公布的cry基因序列,设计了14对杀虫cry基因的通用引物,对这132株分离菌进行的PCR-RFLP分析鉴定表明:在86株菌中分布有除cry18、cry27/29、cry34/35外的11种cry基因型,其中以cry1型最多,其次为cry2型.另46株菌未检测出cry基因.对这132株苏云金芽孢杆菌进行SDS-PAGE蛋白分析,发现杀鳞翅目、鞘翅目和双翅目的约130、80、65、75 kDa的蛋白带最丰富.

  12. 以相对历日关系探讨金文月相词语的范围%Using Sequential Relations of Day-dates to Determine the Temporal Scope of W.Zhou Lunar Phase Terms




  13. 全立式压铸机的改造与实践%Transformation and practice of full vertical die casting machine FANG LiGao,ZHOU Quan,ZHANG LiPan

    方立高; 周全; 张丽攀


    Hydraulic circuit and circuit of YTD32-100 type four-column hydraulic machine were redesigned, and it was transformed into the whole vertical die casting machine. Mode -locked oil and injection circuit were independent of the machine. It was convenient to adjust injection pressure, holding pressure time, filling time and other process parameters. The explosion-proof vibrator shell was produced by the machine, and the casting qualified rate reached 90%.%对 YTD32-100型四柱式液压机的液压油路和电路进行了重新设计,将其改造成为全立式压铸机。该机有独立的锁模油路和压射油路,可以方便调节压射比压、保压时间及充型时间等工艺参数。应用该机压铸出了防爆震动器壳体,铸件合格率达到了90%。

  14. 周勃父子的遭遇与文景用人政策探析%On the misfortune of Zhou Bo and his son and the empire Wen and Jing's policy of personnel placement




  15. ZHOU Fu- hai's Capituationism and Treason Was the Product of Japan's Seductive Policy%周佛海叛国投敌是日本侵略者诱降政策的产物




  16. 焦作地区在东周列国时期的历史地位%The definite place in history of Jiaozuo region in the Eastern Zhou Dynasty




  17. Body like flexile sallow; Heart like megalith--Zhou Enlai and "Growing up" Chinese Diplomacy%身似柔柳心如巨石--周恩来与"站起来"的中国外交



    @@ 对苏外交:"兄弟"之间有争论 新中国刚刚诞生时,美国等帝国主义国家对我国实行政治上孤立,经济上封锁,军事上包围的战略,迫使我们只有向社会主义国家苏联采取"一边倒"的外交方针,以争取自己的生存空间,求得政局稳定.那时,中苏两国同属于社会主义大家庭,被誉为兄弟般的友谊.

  18. 城乡规划学启蒙课教改实践及延展方法研究%Reform Of Rudimentary Lessons In Urban Planning Education/Shen Yao, Zhou Kai, Jiao Sheng, Jiang Suqi

    沈瑶; 周恺; 焦胜; 蒋甦琦


    Most urban planning majors in colege were separated from architecture. The paper introduces cutting-edge brain science and workshop education theories, conducts “cognition-understanding-discussion-reflection-practice” experiment in rudimentary lessons to motivate students’ initiative. The teaching results and extension models indicate that improved students’ initiatives have positive efects on professional ability.%传统城市规划专业大多从建筑学专业转型分离出来,专业转型问题突出。研究主要针对城乡规划学专业的启蒙课程展开,以国际前沿的脑科学及工作坊教学理论为基础,以提高学生的学习主体性为主要目标,从具体的教学环节创新入手,展开了以“认知—体悟—讨论—反思—实践”为主线的教学环节实验,通过对教学实验的内容和效果的分析,以及延展模式的探索,反映学习主体性的提高在专业思维能力培养上的积极效果。

  19. 侧柏人工林下层木本植物的组成及多样性%Species composition and diversity of understory woody plants in Platycladus orientalis plantation in Xu zhou

    尤海梅; 阎传海; 于法展; 王仲宇


    为明确徐州山地现有侧柏人工林下层木本植物的自然更新状况,依据40个20m×20m样地群落的调查数据,分析了林下自然更新的木本植物的组成及其相似性.结果表明,侧柏人工林下层自然更新的木本植物中单科种、单属种优势明显,林下木本植物区系组成复杂,出现的12种区系地理成分中,温带成分占主体,热带成分占较大比例.侧柏人工林下层出现的木本植物种类较多,但不同生境下群落的物种丰富度和多样性不高、组成树种的相似性极高,尤其是乔木树种的相似性明显高于灌木树种.林下木本植物的种类组成受立地条件和种子传播方式的显著影响,建议改善立地条件以提高林下木本植物的丰富度和多样性,同时控制外来树种的侵入以促进人工林的地带性演替.%In order to explore the natural regeneration condition of understory woody species in Platycladus orientalis plantation in Xuzhou mountainous region, 40 plots of 20 m x 20 m were set up and surveyed, and composition and similarity of the communities were analyzed. The result showed that the single -species family, the single -species genera were the main part of natural regeneration woody plants in understory of Platycladus orientalis plantation, the composition of understory woody species was complex. There were 12 geographic elements of the flora, and the temperate elements were the main part of the woody flora and the tropic element hold a great proportion. Although the richness and diversity of understory woody species was lower, the similarities of understory woody species between plots were very high, especially, the similarities of tree species were significant higher than the shrubs. Composition of understory woody species was influenced by the habitat and the seed dispersal; Therefore, the habitats of understory should be improved to raise the richness and diversity of understory woody species, and the invasion of alien species should be controlled to prompt succession of zonal vegetation in Platycladus orientalis plantations.

  20. On the Semiotic Nature of the Zhou Changes under Peirce's Vision%从皮尔斯的观点看《周易》的符号学性质

    方仁; 林海顺


    西方的符号学与《周易》从出发点到落脚点都是不同的.尽管有这种胎生的异质性,但两者之间还是存在所谓符号这样的重要交点.本文将对形成西方符号学分支之一的人物查尔斯·桑德斯·皮尔斯(Charles Sanders Peirce)的符号学思想与《周易》进行比较哲学的考察.皮尔斯符号学的特征在于泛符号主义(pansemiotism)和连续主义(synechism),即把存在于宇宙中的所有一切都作为其对象领域,把所有事物都当作连续体来把握.与弗迪南·德·索绪尔(Ferdinand de Saussure)以语言为中心来分析符号相比,皮尔斯更倾向于根据思维来分析符号,即通过表象体、对象体和解释体三者关系来分析符号.为了再现本质对象,皮尔斯提出了符号三分法,即指示符、像似符和规约符.他还提出了不同于传统方法论的假设推理法,即对现有事实推论出最好或最近似的说明的方法.把皮尔斯符号学观点运用于《周易》,则卦象、卦辞和卦意是实现《周易》符号过程的三要素,《周易》符号具有类像的规约符号性质.占术范式是根据其定性的本性而被规定特征的特殊知识模型,假设推理法是占术范式中特征性的思维方式,对于科学发现具有重要意义.

  1. 广佛线夏南车辆段与综合基地设计体会%Design of Xianan Depot and Multi-purpose Base on Guang zhou-Foshan Railway Line



    The design of depot and a multi-purpose base needs cooperation of different majors, so it is defined as a system engineering. Through expositing the design of Xi-anan Depot and Multi-purpose Base, which covers major interfaces, lay-out, complex pipeline, technical management and construction coordination, the experiences and lessons are summarized, suggestions are proposed for the depot and multi-purpose base design.%车辆段与综合基地的设计是多专业互相配合的系统工程.通过夏南车辆段与综合基地设计及配合施工情况,着重从专业接口、总图协调、综合管线、技术管理和配合施工等多个方面阐述了设计体会.针对设计中出现的问题总结了经验和教训,并给出了相关建议.

  2. 从《语丝》和《骆驼草》看周作人编辑思想的变化%On the Change of Zhou Zuoren's Editorial Thoughts from the Magazines of Yu Si and Camel Grass




  3. On the Magical Performance and Culture Culture Taste of Nixing Pottery in Qin Zhou City%论钦州坭兴陶的神奇表现和文化品位

    于长敏; 黄海基


    @@ 在物质生活相当丰富的今天,精神生活已上升到十分重要的层面.广西钦州坭兴陶器不仅为人们的物质生活带来了便利,也为人们的精神生活带来了享受.已有相当部分的陶艺作品是纯精神性的、纯欣赏性的,并带有一定的审美性.

  4. The Connotations of the Shang- and Zhou-dynasties Pictograms Used in Modern Logos%商周图形文字在现代标志设计中的潜在意义



    @@ 一、我国现代标志设计中缺乏一种中国艺术精神 现代标志以其鲜明易记的简洁形象和强烈的视觉冲击及其稳定的图形效果在现代社会生活中发挥着越来越重要的作用.它已经突破了原有商品标志的局限,深入到了企业文化、社团文化乃至一切社会公众活动的各个范畴,成为现代社会文化生活不可或缺的一部分.

  5. 安南都护府与唐代南疆羁縻州管理研究%A Research on the Administration of the Jimi Zhou and Annam Protectorate in the Southern Border Area in Tang Dynasty




  6. 唐宋泸属西部羁縻州县研究%A Study about the Western Jimi Zhou and Jimi Xian under the Administration of Luzhou in Tang and Song Dynasty

    郭声波; 魏超



  7. Effects of AIDS prevention activities among out of school youths in Zheng-zhou%郑州市校外青少年艾滋病知识干预效果评价



    目的:提高郑州市校外青少年艾滋病相关知识知晓水平。方法:采用整群抽样的方法于2014年5月至6月抽取郑州市校外青少年372人为研究对象。先对其艾滋病知识进行基线调查,之后在该人群中开展艾滋病知识健康教育、发放艾滋病宣传材料和提供咨询服务等干预活动,干预活动结束后对该部分人群再次进行艾滋病知识调查。结果:干预前的艾滋病知识知晓率为39.2%,干预后提高到98.9%,差异有统计学意义(χ2配对=222.001,P<0.001)。结论:郑州市校外青少年艾滋病知识知晓率干预后得以明显提高。%Aim:To improve the level of AIDS-related knowledge for out of school youths in Zhengzhou .Methods:During May to June in 2014 , the random cluster sampling was carried out ,and 372 out of school youths were chosen .Multi-ple-interventions were carried out .Then awareness rate of AIDS knowledge was evaluated before and after multiple-inter-ventions.Results:The awareness rate of AIDS knowledge was 39.2% before intervention and 98.9% after intervention, and the difference was significant (χ2match =222.001,P<0.001).Conclusion:Knowledge of AIDS of out of school youths in Zhengzhou has increased remarkably after intervention .

  8. 集中空调系统中弗朗西斯菌的分离与鉴定%Isolation and identification of Francisella-like strains from central air conditioning system in Guang-zhou

    李营; 屈平华; 张颖; 李工厂; 叶大柠; 陈守义; 陈茶; 吴尚为


    Objective To isolate the Francisella-like strains from central air conditioning system in Guangzhou and to identify their species .Methods Three hundred and twenty-four samples of cooling wa-ter and 36 samples of condensed water were collected from the air conditioning system in Guangzhou from year 2008 to 2014.The samples were cultured in BCYE supplemented with glycine (3 g/L), polymyxin B sulfate (80 000 U/L), vancomycin (1 mg/L) and cycloheximide (80 mg/L) (BCYEα-GVPC) medium af-ter concentrated by membrane filtration and pretreated by KCl-HCl buffer of pH2.2 for 10 minutes.The Francisella-like isolates were identified according to their cultural characteristics , biochemical test , PCR identification, 16S rRNA gene sequencing analysis and genomic DNA-DNA hybridization.Results Fifteen stains were isolated from 14 samples of cooling water and were identified as Francisella by PCR identification and phenotype analysis .The Francisella strains were detected in 4.3%of cooling water samples , but not in the condensed water samples .The phylogenetic tree constructed based on the sequence of 16S rRNA showed that the 15 strains formed four clusters including one cluster of nine Francisella guangzhouensis isolates, one cluster of one Francisella philomiragia isolate and two clusters of five isolates closest to the Francisella guan-gzhouensis strain.The five isolates represented two novel genospecies sharing a genomic homology of less than 70%with the Francisella guangzhouensis strain as indicated by the DNA-DNA hybridization analysis . Conclusion Water samples collected from the air conditioning system in Guangzhou city showed a lower positive rate for Francisella strain and no Francisella tularensis strain with strong pathogenicity was found in those samples .%目的 对集中空调系统中的弗朗西斯菌进行分离鉴定. 方法 收集2008—2014年广州市集中空调系统的324份冷却水和36份冷凝水水样,经负压膜过滤集菌、酸处理后接种军团菌选择性甘氨酸-万古霉素-多黏霉素B-放线菌酮( BCYEα-GVPC)培养基进行细菌分离培养,通过培养特征、生化反应特性等表型分析及弗朗西斯菌属特异性引物PCR鉴定、16S rRNA 基因序列分析、基因组DNA-DNA杂交等方法进行菌种鉴定. 结果 从14份集中空调冷却水中分离到15株菌,经表型分析和弗朗西斯菌属特异性引物PCR扩增确定为弗朗西斯菌,水样的阳性率分别为:冷却水4.3%,冷凝水0%. 15个分离菌株的16S rRNA 基因序列分析及系统发育分析显示,其可分为4个分支,包括为广州弗朗西斯菌9株,蜃楼弗朗西斯菌1株,另2个分支的5株菌与广州弗朗西斯菌亲缘关系最接近,但基因组DNA-DNA杂交证明与广州弗朗西斯菌同源性<70%,初步确定为弗朗西斯菌属内的候选新种. 结论 广州市集中空调系统水样弗朗西斯菌阳性率低,且未发现强致病性的土拉热弗朗西斯菌.

  9. 情景分析法在贵州省旅游发展规划环评中的应用研究%Application of Scenario Analysis in Environment Impact Assessment of GuiZhou Tourism Development Planning

    杨桃萍; 常理; 毛思禹


    The application of scenario analysis method in planning impact assessment was introduced as well as its theory and characteristics.Four scenarios were set up for Guizhou province tourism development planning.They are planning exploitation,business as usual,high speed growth,and low speed growth.On the basis of comparing the results of different scenarios,scenario 1 seemed to be the best option,which has implied that planning demonstra-ted more obvious positive impacts on society and economy than the negative influences on environment and intangi-ble culture heritage.The environmental influence here referred to surface water quality and solid waste disposal.%介绍了情景分析法的理论体系、特性表述、在规划环评中的应用。贵州省旅游发展规划模拟了4种情景,分别是规划开发、正常发展、高速增长、低速增长。综合比较4种选择方案,情景1为最佳选择。评价结果显示:规划在社会经济方面的正面影响大于对环境和无形文化遗产的负面影响,这里的环境影响主要指地表水水质和固体废物的处置。

  10. Shi Qiang Pan,an Inscribed Bronze Plate of the Western Zhou Dynasty and the Genealogy of "微" Clan%《史墙盘》和微氏家谱




  11. A Study on Li Ding and a Bronze Plate of the Western Zhou%首都师范大学收藏的两件西周青铜器




  12. Theory on Metaphor and Symbol of Ci' School in Chang Zhou in Qing Dynaty%略论清代常州词派的比兴寄托理论




  13. 浅谈周作人的随笔集《自己的园地》%Elementary Comment On《My Own Field》-- Collected Work of Informal Essays Written by Zhou Zuoren




  14. 东周王陵"六马之驾"发现的学术史意义%Academic history meaning of the discovery of six-horse coach in the Eastern Zhou Mausoleum




  15. 生计资本对杭州市农民工生活满意度的影响%The impact of livelihood capital on the life satisfaction of urban migrant workers in Hang-zhou

    苏飞; 庞凌峰; 马莉莎


    The lack of various livelihood capitals has become one of the biggest obstacles to migrant workers 'urban lives.Therefore improving the livelihood capital of migrant workers has become the foundation and key to eliminating poverty of migrant workers and to improve their life satisfaction .This paper established a dual logistic regression model and analyzed the impact of livelihood capital on the life satisfaction of urban migrant workers in Hangzhou City . The results showed that:①the livelihood capitals of migrant workers in Hangzhou has spatial differences , the value of livelihood capitals of suburb areas is the highest , followed by the central area , then the outer suburbs;② migrant workers have lower conversion capacity of all kinds of livelihood capitals , with the consideration of the lack of human capital, weak physical capital , insufficient financial capital , and limited social capital;③social capital and human capital are the most important factors to affect the life satisfaction of migrant workers in Hangzhou City .At last, some suggestions are proposed in the hope of providing some references to achieve the sustainable livelihoods of urban mi -grant workers in Hangzhou City .%农民工是城市产业工人的主体,对城市建设与发展做出了重要贡献。由于各种生计资本的匮乏影响到城市农民工的生活质量,提高生计资本存量和多样化成为消除农民工贫困、提高其生活满意度的基础与关键。文章对杭州市农民工的生计资本特征进行了深入分析,并通过二元logistic模型评估了生计资本对农民工生活满意度的影响。结果表明:①在杭农民工生计资本存在明显的区域差异,近郊区农民工的生计资本总值最高,中心城区次之,远郊区最低;②在杭农民工各类生计资本转化能力普遍不高,突出表现为物质资本薄弱、人力资本不足、金融资本虚化、社会资本匮乏;③人力资本和社会资本是影响在杭农民工生活满意度的核心要素。最后,提出了增强农民工生活满意度的调控对策,以期为实现在杭农民工生计可持续提供科学参考。

  16. 米家儿童用品有限公司


    Facing with Shang Hai in the west&Su Zhou in the south,Pu Hu Mi Jia Child Product Co.,Ltd,Iocated in the center of Yangtze Delta area,owns convenient communication by the advantage of Hang Zhou Bay Bridge and Shang Hai Hang Zhou super way.

  17. 英文摘要


    Zhou Advocates Aim-High PolicyMonetary policy adjustments should focus on more than inflation control in China, says central bank Governor Zhou Xiaochuan. He wants policymakers to set higher goals, such as resource optimization. Yet Zhou, speaking at a Caixin Media summit, admitted monetary policy is critical to keeping the natioffs economy, which is transitioning and yielding to market forces, from overheating.

  18. Millist presidenti Prantsusmaa vajab? / Martin Kala

    Kala, Martin, 1977-


    Prantsusmaa presidendivalimiste kampaanias on enim silma paistnud neli kandidaati: Jean-Marie Le Pen, Francois Bayrou, Nicolas Sarkozy ja Segolene Royal. Tulevase presidendi ees seisvatest ülesannetest

  19. Vene kirjanduse detektiivitehas / Ilona Martson

    Martson, Ilona, 1970-


    Arvustus: Akunin, Boriss. Azazel. Tallinn : Tänapäev, 2003. Ülevaade Boriss Akunini (õieti Grigori Tshhartishvili) krimikirjanduslikust loomingust (Erast Fandorini, Pelageja- ja Nicolas Fandorini sarjast)

  20. Vene kirjanduse detektiivitehas / Ilona Martson

    Martson, Ilona, 1970-


    Arvustus: Akunin, Boriss. Azazel. Tallinn : Tänapäev, 2003. Ülevaade Boriss Akunini (õieti Grigori Tshhartishvili) krimikirjanduslikust loomingust (Erast Fandorini, Pelageja- ja Nicolas Fandorini sarjast)