Sample records for zhou moti yung

  1. Bell Yung on Music of China.

    Campbell, Patricia Shehan


    Presents an interview with Bell Yung, a scholar of Chinese music and ethnomusicology. Maintains that world music (music from many nations and cultures) should be taught as early as possible in the schools and at home. Includes two lesson plans for teaching about Chinese music. (CFR)

  2. Fabrication of Mo-Ti functionally graded material


    Molybdenum alloys and titanium alloys were sintered at 1473K for 1 h under a pressure of 30 MPa. It was found that the addition of Al can increase evidently the relative density of sintered Mo-Fe alloys. The Fe-Al additives are also suitable for the sintering of titanium alloys, and the Mo alloy and Ti alloy can be densified concurrently with the same additives 3 % Fe-1.5 % Al. The experimental results also showed that during the sintering of Mo-Ti alloys the Fe-Al sintering aids promoted the formation of Mo-Ti solid solution, but the solid solution reaction occurred at the low sintering temperature of 1 473 K is inadequate. Finally, Mo-Ti system functionally graded material has been successfully fabricated. Its density changed gradually from 9.52 g/ cm3 to 4.48 g/cm3 in thickness direction. Such a material can be used in dynamic high-pressure technology.

  3. Later Zhou Sejong's Cultural Policy

    PAN Qing


    Sejong wanted to stabilize the control. He paid attention to strengthen cultural enlightenment and implement cultural policy from educating people, choosing capable person, repairing history, limiting Buddhism, respecting Confucianism and other aspects. The wind of literature rise gradually. It is conducive to research the developmental trajectory of Later Zhou Dynasty.

  4. Zhou Fohai:Changeable Life


    <正>As we know,Zhou Fohai had changed his identity for three times in his life.He was once an representative of"first national congress"of CPC and deputy secretary;in 1924,he withdrew from CPC,and became trusted follower of Jiang Kai-shek and"NO 1 Central Committee"in Kuomintang;during anti-

  5. Synthesis,characterization and hydrogen storage capacity of MS2 (M - Mo,TI) nanotubes

    Ma Hua; Tao Zhanliang; Gao Feng; Chen Jun; Yuan Huatang


    The structure,morphology and hydrogen-storage capacity of MS2 (M = Mo,Ti) nanotubes prepared by different experimental methods were studied.It was found that the MoS2 nanotubes treated by KOH displayed the gaseous storage capacity of 1.2 wt% hydrogen (under the hydrogen pressure of 3 MPa and 25℃) and the electrochemical discharge capacity of 262 mAh/g (at the discharge current density of 50 mA/g and 25℃) that corresponds to about 1.0 wt% hydrogen.In comparison,TiS2 nanotubes can store 2.5 wt% hydrogen under the hydrogen pressure of 4 MPa and 25℃,The results show that MS2 compound nanotubes are promising materials for hydrogen storage.

  6. Bronze Inscription Calendar and Western Zhou Kings' Reigns

    张长寿; 莫润先


    In the inscriptions of Western Zhou bronzes there are quantities of calendrical data recording years, months and days. Of them are those completely indicating the year of king's reign, the moon, the lunar phase, and the day designated by the Heavenly Stems and Earthly Branches system. These records are of great significance to studying the Western Zhou calendar, establishing the bronze inscription calendar, and identifying the reigning years of the Western Zhou kings.


    Jozef Jurko


    Full Text Available Information about material machinability is very important for the machining technology. Precise and reliable information on the machinability of a material before it enters the machining process is a necessity, and this brings the verification of technological methods in practice. This article presents the conclusions of machinability tests on austenitic stainless steel according to EN-EU (ISO: steel Cr20Ni10MoTi. This article presents the conclusions of VEGA grant agency at the Ministry of Education SR for supporting research work and co-financing the projects: Grant work #01/3173/2006 with the title „Experimental investigation of cutting zones in drilled and milled stainless steels

  8. The new Weibo service for company Ju Zhou Kan

    Wang, Chen


    The purpose of this thesis is creating a new Weibo service of Company Ju Zhou Kan. Company Ju Zhou Kan is a real estate magazine company. In order to give a suitable service for the case company, first is to analyze the company competitive and to get the shortages of the company. Second is the theoretical support of social media and Weibo. Third is to find out factors influenced Weibo in the external and internal environment of Kunming. Last is to confirm the new Weibo service and implement W...

  9. Prof.Zhou Yiqiang'S Experience in Treatment of Lung Cancer

    范宏宇; 王黎军


    @@ Bronchogenic carcinoma, the dominant form of malignant lung cancers, refers to canceration of the bronchial mucosa. Prof. Zhou accumulated a wealth of experience in treating complicated diseases with TCM measures and was especially skillful in treating lung cancers. His understandings about the art of treating lung cancers often brought about excellent results.

  10. A randomized pilot study of MOtiVation and Enhancement (MOVE) Training for negative symptoms in schizophrenia.

    Velligan, Dawn I; Roberts, David; Mintz, Jim; Maples, Natalie; Li, Xueying; Medellin, Elisa; Brown, Matt


    Among individuals with schizophrenia, those who have persistent and clinically significant negative symptoms (PNS) have the poorest functional outcomes and quality of life. The NIMH-MATRICS Consensus Statement indicated that these symptoms represent an unmet therapeutic need for large numbers of individuals with schizophrenia. No psychosocial treatment model addresses the entire constellation of PNS. 51 patients with PNS were randomized into one of two groups for a period of 9 months: 1) MOtiVation and Enhancement (MOVE) or 2) treatment as usual. MOVE is a home based, manual-driven, multi-modal treatment that employs a number of cognitive and behavioral principles to address the broad range of factors contributing to PNS and their functional consequences. The components of MOVE include: Environmental supports to prompt initiation and persistence, in-vivo skills training to ameliorate deficits and encourage interaction, cognitive behavioral techniques to address self-defeating attitudes, in-vivo training in emotional processing to address affective blunting and problems in identifying emotions, and specific techniques to address the deficits in anticipatory pleasure. Patients were assessed at baseline and each 3 months with multiple measures of negative symptoms. Repeated measures analyses of variance for mixed models indicated significant Group by Time effects for the Negative Symptom Assessment (NSA; p<.02) and the Clinical Assessment Interview for Negative Symptoms (CAINS; p<.04). Group differences were not significant until 9 months of treatment and were not significant for the Brief Negative Symptom Scale (BNSS). Further investigation of a comprehensive treatment for PNS, such as MOVE, is warranted. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  11. A Preliminary Study of the Western Zhou Building Foundations at Yuntang in Fufeng, Shaanxi

    徐良高; 王巍; 丁晓雷


    From autumn 1999 through the year 2000, Zhouyuan Archaeological Team excavated a set of Western Zhou building foundations, which was well preserved and uniquely designed. It is significantly valuable for the research on the ritual system of the Western Zhou Dynasty. We here by try to make a preliminary study on its structure and function with reference of historical literature.

  12. Complete solution to a conjecture of Zhang-Liu-Zhou

    Mostafa Tavakoli


    Full Text Available Let dn;m = 2n+1 and En;m be the graph obtained from a path Pdn;m+1 = v0v1:::vdn;m by joining each vertex of Kn by joining each vertex of Kn. Zhang, Liu and Zhou [On the maximal eccentric connectivity indices of graphs, Appl. Math. J. Chinese Univ., in press] conjectured that if dn;m > 3, then En;m is the graph with maximal eccentric connectivity ndex among all connected graph with n vertices and m edges. In this note, we prove this conjecture. Moreover, we present the graph with maximal eccentric connectivity index among the connected graphs with n vertices. Finally, the minimum of this graph invariant n the classes of tricyclic and tetracyclic graphs are computed.

  13. A Survey of the Xia-Shang-Zhou Chronology Project

    Xi Zezong


    @@ Ⅰ. Goals In connection with the history of science, the XiaShang-Zhou Chronology Project is one of the important projects of the National Key Science and Technology Research and Development Programme of the Ninth Five-Year Plan. It officially began in May 1996.After five years of effort by more than 200 scholars and experts from the Chinese Academy of Sciences,the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Peking University and other institutions, the project has attained its goal. The general goal of the project is to establish a chronological table for the three dynasties by means of combining the humanities and social sciences with the natural sciences. The concrete goals for different historical periods are:

  14. 110th Anniversary of Premier Zhou’s Birthday What qualifications make Zhou Enlai a leader?


    Zhou Enlai (1898. 3. 5—1976. 1. 8) was one of the most lasting statesman of the PRC. He survived 60 years of revolutionary turmoil, five civil wars, two World Wars and 12 years of Japanese invasion.

  15. Delegation of“Zhou Enlai and Japan”Exhibition Visits Japan


    <正>At the invitation of the Japan-China Friendship Association(JCFA) and the Japan Foundation,the delegation of the"Zhou Enlai and Japan"exhibition with Wang Xiaoxian, Vice President of the China -Japan Friendship Association(CJFA), as its head,and Zhao Wei,Secretary of Zhou Enlai and Deng Yingchao,as its advisor,paid a visit to Japan from October 27 to 30,2009.

  16. Chaos Control and Synchronization of a Hyperchaotic Zhou System by Integral Sliding Mode control

    Yashar Toopchi


    Full Text Available In this paper, an adaptive integral sliding mode control scheme is proposed for synchronization of hyperchaotic Zhou systems. In the proposed scheme, an integral sliding mode control is designed to stabilize a hyperchaotic Zhou system with known parameters to its unstable equilibrium at the origin. The control is then applied to the synchronization of two identical systems, i.e., a slave and a master hyperchaotic Zhou system with unknown parameters. The adaptive control mechanism introduced synchronizes the systems by estimating the unknown parameters. Simulation results have shown that the proposed method has an excellent convergence from both speed and accuracy points of view, and it outperforms Vaidyanathan’s scheme, which is a well-recognized scheme in this area.

  17. The use of AMS radiocarbon dating for Xia-Shang-Zhou chronology

    Guo, Z Y; LiuKeXin; Lu Xiang Yang; Ma Hong Ji; Wu Xiao Hon; Yuan Si Xun


    The possibility and problems of using radiocarbon dating to historical chronology are discussed. The current situation of ancient Chinese chronology and the project of Xia-Shang-Zhou chronology are introduced. A chronological study requires the AMS radiocarbon dating with high precision, high reliability and high efficiency. The Peking University AMS facility (PKUAMS) has been upgraded and a series of quality control steps were adopted. To reduce the error of calendar age, wiggle matching with serial samples should be used. Some preliminary results of Xia-Shang-Zhou chronology are presented.

  18. Photo Exhibition of “Zhou Enlai and the Bandung Conference” Held in Indonesia

    Xu; Yan


    Sixty years ago,world attention focused on the Indonesian city of Bandung where leaders of the emerging"Third World"were meeting to establish their voice in global affairs.A major figure at the Bandung Conference was undoubtedly the late Chinese Premier Zhou Enlai,whose achievements then were commemorated this April by China

  19. Zhou Jiansheng's World Heritage Photo Exhibition Held in Beijing



    To commemorate the 25th anniversary of the Treaty of Peace and Friendship Between China and Japan, to give publicity to preservation of World Cultural and Natural Heritages, and to enhance cultural exchanges between China and Japan, the CPAFFC held “Zhou Jiansheng's World Heritage Photo Exhibition” at the Friendship Hall in the CPAFFC compound from November 18 to 22, 2003.

  20. Redescription of Cobitis longipectoralis Zhou, 1992 (Cypriniformes: Cobitidae) from late early Miocene of East China

    CHANG; Mee-Mann


    Here we revise a fossil cobitid species ■Cobitis longipectoralis Zhou, 1992, based mainly on a well-preserved specimen collected recently from the taxon’s type locality of the late early Miocene of Shanwang, Shandong Province, East China. The new specimen, along with those collected by Zhou, enables us to provide an emended diagnosis and more detailed description of the species by focusing on the characters such as the structures of the suborbital spine and the presence and shape of the lamina circularis at the base of the second pectoral fin ray in adult males, the presence of a frontoparietal fontanelle, and a quad- rate-metapterygoid fenestra, etc. The long pectoral fin, initially considered by Zhou as the most important character of the spe- cies, however, turns out to be not diagnostic for the species. ■Cobitis longipectoralis Zhou, 1992 is not only the most informative and best-preserved early cobitid fossil known thus far but also the only and earliest cobitid fossil from East Asia.

  1. Changing Rule of Carbon-Enriched Zone and Diffusion Behavior of Carbon in Aging 0Cr6Mn13Ni10MoTi/1Cr5Mo Dissimilar Welded Joints

    Zheng LIU; Ligang WANG; Lai WANG


    The microstructures, the changing rule of carbon-enriched zone, the diffusion behaviors of elements C and Cr, and the carbide type of 0Cr6Mn13Ni10MoTi/1Cr5Mo dissimilar welded joints after aging at 500℃ for various times and after long-term service in technical practice were investigated by using the optical microscopy, electron probe microanalysis, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The results show that in aging 0Cr6Mn13Ni10MoTi/1Cr5Mo dissimilar welded joints, the main carbides are M3C and a few carbides are M7C3 and M23C6. The M3C carbide decomposition and dissolution with increasing aging time or aging temperature and the anti-diffusion of C and Cr cause the decrease and disappearance of the carbon-enriched zone. The results are different from those of the A302/1Cr5Mo dissimilar welded joints in previous studies.

  2. Materials and technology of Chinese jades dating to the Western Zhou period (1050-771 BCE)

    Janet G DOUGLAS; YANG JunChang


    Excavated jades dating to the Western Zhou period (1050-771 BCE) from the Xi'an area in Shaanxi Province, China, and contemporaneous jades in the collections of the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery at the Smithsonian Institution have been studied to learn about the jade and stone materials and how they were worked during the Western Zhou period. Materials identification was carried out using a combination of techniques such as Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction. Tool marks were studied using stereomicroscopy and examination of mold impressions using scanning electron microscopy. All of these objects were produced through simple processes involving solid drilling, riffling, and sharp point abrasion; and no evidence was found for the use of rotary tools for incising or sawing.

  3. Zhou Jiansheng’s World Heritage Photo Exhibition Held in Beijing


    <正>To commemorate the 25th anniversary of the Treaty of Peace and Friendship BetweenChina and Japan, to give publicity to preservation of World Cultural and Natural Heritages, and to enhance cultural exchanges between China and Japan, the CPAFFC held "Zhou Jiansheng’s World Heritage Photo Exhibition" at the Friendship Hall in the CPAFFC compound from November 18 to 22, 2003.

  4. Academician Zhou Zhonghe entered the Jinzhou Medical University:a fresh outlook,full of wit and humor lecture


    On June 6th,2016,Academy of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology Research Institute of Chinese academician Zhou Zhonghe entered into the Jinzhou Medical University,his lecture topic is"The theory of evolution and the fossil discussion".Teachers and students gathered together listening to the science lectures.Academician Zhou Zhonghe through the study of fossils,revealed the living things evolution mystery,discussed of the immortal contribution of Darwin.

  5. Early Wood-block Printing of Zhou Wenwei Families and their Relationships%周文炜家族的早期刻书及其关系



    Zhou Tinghuai and Zhou Qianshan refers to the same person, that is, the father of Zhou Wenwei, who printed three kinds of books. He had three sons-Zhou Wenwei was the eldest;His younger brother Zhou Wenhuan with the style name as Yuyang and alias Ruquan, once hosted Wanjuanlou Printing House after Zhou Yuexiao, and published six kinds of books. Zhou Wenqing may probably be the third son of Zhou Tinghuai, and there are two books printed under his name. Meanwhile, there was another wood-block printing house with Zhou Shitai as the printing master.%周庭槐与周前山为同一人,即周文炜之父,现存刻书3种。周庭槐有三子,文炜居长,弟有二。周文焕字玉卬,号如泉,在周曰校之后主持万卷楼书坊,现存署周文焕或周如泉刻印的书籍共6部。周文卿可能为周庭槐又一子,现存署其名刻印的书籍2种。另有同时期与周文炜同姓的书坊主周时泰,现知共刻有书籍12种。

  6. 论周国桢的艺术%Review of Zhou Guozhen’Art



    In the world history of the development of modern ceramics, there are only a few ceramic artists who has created their works with animals as the main subject, and by far fewer who have been devoted their whole life to the same creation, but Zhou Guozhen stands out among them. The series of ceramic works of animals created by Mr. Zhou are highly original and unique in the history of Chinese ceramics, and they also have a great influence in the world history of ceramics. His works embody Chinese art spirit, philosophical thought and humanism. 60 years’ hard work and achievements of Zhou Guozhen have made great contribution to the establishment of our own national language and aesthetic values, the path for creation and the prospect of development of Chinese modern ceramics.%今年是周国桢先生80华诞暨从艺60周年。60年来,周国桢先生勤勉不息、耕耘不辍、创新不止,在艺术创作、艺术教育、艺术理论研究诸多领域硕果累累、成就非凡。在世界现代陶艺发展史上,主要以动物为题材进行创作的陶艺家甚少,能坚持一辈子者更是寥若晨星,而周国桢先生则是其中的佼佼者。60年来,周国桢先生创作的系列动物题材陶艺,不仅在中国陶艺史上独树一帜,而且在世界陶艺史上也可谓影响巨大。周国桢先生的陶艺之路,堪称中国现代陶艺发展历史之缩影。

  7. A theorem of do Carmo-Zhou type: oscillations and estimates for the first eigenvalue of the p-Laplacian

    Lima, Barnabe Pessoa


    It is shown that the estimates obtained by Manfredo P. do Carmo and Detang Zhou, in their paper "Eigenvalue estimate on complete noncompact Riemannian manifolds and applications", for the first eigenvalue of the Laplace-Beltrami operator on open manifolds, via an oscillation theorem, can be naturally extended for the semi-elliptic singular operator operator, p-Laplace on manifolds.

  8. Tonbs and a Ruined Bronze Foudry of the Western Zhou Period Discovered on the Zhouyuan Site in Shaanxi%陕西周原遗址发现西周墓葬与铸铜遗址



    In the spring of 2003, the Zhouyuan Archaeological Team excavated a batch of Western Zhou tombs and a late Western Zhou bronze foundery on the Zhouyuan site, to the west of Zhuangli Village. Of them Tomb M9 is the best in condition and the richest in bronzes among the early Western Zhou burials discovered so far on the Zhouyuan site. Its complete sets of funeral objects provide a standard for studying into the formation of Western Zhou ritual and the dating of early Western Zhou bronzes. The ruined bronze foundry yielded quantities of pottery molds and models, fragments of furnace walls, and lumps of bronze, slag and burnt clay. The pottery molds and models are mainly for making horse-and-chariot fittings. The finds are valuable to the study of the Western Zhou burial institution, Zhou bronze-casting technology, and the layout of the Zhouyuan settlement.



    The Xiaoyu-Ding-Cauldron was unearthed during the first years ofDaoguang,Emperor of the Qing Dynasty,at Li village of QishanCounty, Shanxi Province.The cauldron itself disappeared in the period of Taiping Heavenly Kingdom(Taiping Tianguo).The current copy of theinscription is the only one preserved. The inscription on the cauldron consists of 400 characters,it is one of the longest texts of those dating to the early period of the Westernzhou Dynasty.Since the text is fragmentary and no joining texts remain,the text can not be read completely.The inscription was first mentioned by Guo Moruo in Research on the Metal Inscriptions of the Zhou Dynasty.Then Chen Mengjia reconstructed the inscription in the 1950's in his"Dating on the Bronze Vases of the Western Zhou Dynasty" and further

  10. Chinese Dream——Concert in Commemoration of 115th Birth Anniversary of Premier Zhou Enlai Held

    Our; Staff; Reporter


    <正>The theme song of the film The Founding of a Republic sung by male vocalists Dai Yuqiang and Wei Song reverberated in the Opera Hall at the National Center for the Performing Arts on the `evening of March 14. It marked the start of the concert in commemoration of the 115th anniversary of the birth of Premier Zhou Enlai, with "Chinese Dream" as the theme.

  11. Fundamental Research on Enhancing Operation Reliadility for Lange-Scale Interconnected Power Crids——An interview with Zhou Xiaoxin,chief scientist of"973 Program"

    Zha Renbo; Zhou Wen


    @@ At the end of last year,the editors from Power and Electrical Engineers interviewedZhou Xiaoxin on "Fundamental Research on Enhancing Operation Reliability for Large-ScaleInterconnected Power Grids",a project of "973 Program".Mr.Zhou,the chief engineer ofChina Electric Power Research Institute (CEPRI) and an academician of Chinese A-cademy of Sciences,is the chief scientist in charge of this research project.

  12. EDF phytolith analysis from Heying site, southeast China, Shang-Zhou dynasties.

    Wu, Yan; Wang, Changsui


    In this article, we propose to make morphotypological phytolith analysis of Heying site during Shang-Zhou Period by two methods: measuring based on extended depth of focus (EDF) image and measuring directly under microscope, and then compare their results. The comparison shows that the results by these two methods match each other for paleoenvironmental and agricultural analysis. Results of two methods show that Heying site's environment should be warm and moist based on the predominance of some specific phytolith assemblages. The phytolith morpho-types originated from crop plants also indicates that rice planting was the mainstay agricultural economy. In comparison, the morphotypological analysis method based on EDF image took only about 1/10 the time as the original method by directly measuring under microscope. Thus, we can process more samples and make a more thorough and systematic morphotypological phytolith analysis with the same amount of time. Furthermore, the constructed EDF image can also be archived for future examination and for education. The above experiments indicate that the morphotypological analysis method based on EDF image is very promising for phytolith analysis. Copyright © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  13. An exposition of Zhou YI studios in modem Neo-Confucianism


    The representatives of modern Neo-Confucianism all greatly value Yi Zhuan and regard it as one of their spiritual resources,and give their own creative interpretations and transformations.Xiong Shili's ontological-cosmological theory takes "qian yuan" as its center;Ma Yifu has a theory of ontology-cultivation centered on "nature-principle";Fang Dongmei has a metaphysics of production and reproduction;Mou Zongsan takes the view of "completely knowing the fathomless and understanding transformation" as a moral metaphysics;and in Tang Junyi there is a theory of the harmony of doctrines on Heaven and man in which "the knowledge of divine understanding" is its key concept.They employ modern philosophical concepts and thinking to illustrate the cosmology,ontology,theory of life,theory of human nature,theory of spiritual worlds,axiology and their connections in Zhou Yi.They affirm that the characteristics of Chinese philosophy that are different from Western philosophy consist in a naturalist view of vital life,a harmonious view of totality,an axiological view that values exist in natural universe and the world of fact,the pursuit of Good and Beauty,and intuitive experience of inner world.

  14. Shifting diets and the rise of male-biased inequality on the Central Plains of China during Eastern Zhou.

    Dong, Yu; Morgan, Chelsea; Chinenov, Yurii; Zhou, Ligang; Fan, Wenquan; Ma, Xiaolin; Pechenkina, Kate


    Farming domesticated millets, tending pigs, and hunting constituted the core of human subsistence strategies during Neolithic Yangshao (5000-2900 BC). Introduction of wheat and barley as well as the addition of domesticated herbivores during the Late Neolithic (∼2600-1900 BC) led to restructuring of ancient Chinese subsistence strategies. This study documents a dietary shift from indigenous millets to the newly introduced cereals in northcentral China during the Bronze Age Eastern Zhou Dynasty (771-221 BC) based on stable isotope analysis of human and animal bone samples. Our results show that this change affected females to a greater degree than males. We find that consumption of the newly introduced cereals was associated with less consumption of animal products and a higher rate of skeletal stress markers among females. We hypothesized that the observed separation of dietary signatures between males and females marks the rise of male-biased inequality in early China. We test this hypothesis by comparing Eastern Zhou human skeletal data with those from Neolithic Yangshao archaeological contexts. We find no evidence of male-female inequality in early farming communities. The presence of male-biased inequality in Eastern Zhou society is supported by increased body height difference between the sexes as well as the greater wealth of male burials.

  15. 南邠碾子坡先周文化遗存的性质分析%A Study of the Nature of the Pre-dynastic Zhou Cultural Remains at Nianzipo, Nanbin



    Nianzipo is a pre-dynastic Zhou site left over from the time the Zhou people lived at Bin. The rich cultural remains there discovered are roughly identical to those from the later residential places Qi, Feng and Hao also of the pre-dynastic Zhou and the Zhou proper. Belonging to the same type,the antiquities from these localities, especially the pottery, show clear evolutionary traces and inheritance relationship. Commonness is reflected also from the aspects of writing, divination and burial custom.These demonstrate to the full that all the above-mentioned relics are the Zhou people' s cultural remains coming down in one continuous line. The notions attributing the Nianzipo remains to the so-called “Liujia culture, ” “Liujia type” or “Rong-Di people's culture” rather than the pre-dynastic Zhou culture all have no enough evidence and do not conform to the rule of archaeological culture naming.

  16. Numerical study of the seasonal variability of Aurelia aurita ephyra abundance: Application to the JiaoZhou Bay, China

    Hu, Z.; Wang, N.; Li, C.; Sun, S.


    The outbreaks of the inshore scyphozoan Aurelia aurita have been increasingly reported in the coastal waters of China in recent years, with detrimental impacts on local ecosystems and economies. The strobilation process is an important part of the A. aurita life cycle because it can increase the jellyfish population size by producing new jellyfish (ephyrae). Hence it is essential to investigate the strobilation dynamics in order to better understand and possibly predict jellyfish outbreaks. In this work, we present a model that provides a realistic simulation of the combined effects of temperature and food supply on the ephyra liberation dynamics. The parameterization of the model is based on the laboratory and field experiments and the literature. The model results show that temperature has a parabolic-like effect on liberated ephyra numbers. The numbers of liberated ephyra increase with temperature before reaching a peak and then decays. No ephyrae liberation occurs in very low or very high temperautres, despite the food level is high or not. While liberation occurs, high food supply increases ephyra production. Application of the model to JiaoZhou Bay with in-situ measured temperature and zooplanton abundance produces results coherent with the seasonal in situ observations. In JiaoZhou Bay, the ephyrae of A. aurita usually appear in early April, and reaches their peak in abundance in June and the jellyfish outbreaks reported occurs in July-August. Experiments with the model show that there are two main periods of strobilation in JiaoZhou Bay. The first begins at early march and reaches its peak in May. The second occurs during October to early December with its peak in November. The first strobilation period is in a good agreement with in situ observations. No available data in JiaoZhou Bay could be used to validate the second one. Nevertheless, occurrence of A. aurita ephyrae was reported in late October in similar latitudes such as in Tokyo Bay. No jellyfish

  17. 关于《芋粥》的叙事分析%On the narrative analysis of "Yu Zhou"



      "Yu Zhou" is the history written novel based on "Akutagawa". Both in content and in form, his original creation is recreated again. Recreation of forms is mainly embodied in that the narrator is "explicit". Through analysis of the narrator's type in "Yu Zhou", can be better for the text narrative analysis.%  《芋粥》是芥川龙之介取材于《今昔物语集》写就的历史题材的小说。无论从内容上还是从形式上,芥川都对原作进行了再创作。形式上的再创作主要体现在让叙述者“外显”这一点上。而通过分析《芋粥》中叙述者的类型,可以更好地对文本进行叙事分析

  18. Famine Disaster Measures in Western Zhou Dynasty%西周时期抗灾救荒措施初探



    In the 276 year history of the Western Zhou Dynasty, water, drought, hail, earthquakes, insects, wind and other natural disasters occur frequently. In the course of the Western Zhou Dynasty People struggle with the disaster, in addition to due to the limited scientific knowledge beyond the day, ancestors and nature of God in prayer, but also the use of irrigation, grain and other savings for Famine Relief to struggle with natural disasters and famine, which"Week o official ceremony . Tai Situ"recorded twelve famine relief is related to the famine disaster measures various aspects.%在西周276年的历史内,水、旱、雹、震、虫、风等自然灾害频繁发生。西周人民在同灾害斗争的过程中,除了由于科学知识的有限而向天、祖和自然神祷告之外,还采用兴修水利、储蓄粮食等荒政来同自然灾害及饥荒作斗争,其中《周礼·地官·大司徒》所记载的十二荒政则涉及到抗灾救荒措施的各个方面。

  19. Zhou Fuming's Gouty Arthritis Treatment Tips%周富明痛风性关节炎辨治要诀

    沈佳红; 周富明


    [目的]总结周富明名老中医发挥中医药优势治疗痛风性关节炎的学术观点和临床经验。[方法]通过临证侍诊、跟师抄方、收集分析老师临床资料,研究探讨周老治疗痛风性关节炎的学术观点和临床经验,对其中医药治疗痛风性关节炎的辨证特色予以总结,并附验案举隅。[结果]痛风性关节炎中医称之为痹证,正虚外感、邪气痹阻经脉为基本病因病机,周老提出先辨主证、后辨兼证,明确缓急、虚实、病位的辨证要诀,据此遣方用药,最终达到扶正驱邪、标本兼治的目的。所举医案,贯彻周师的临床经验,疗效满意。[结论]周富明老中医中医辨证论治治疗痛风性关节炎效果显著,具有推广应用价值。其临床辨证思路及遣方用药原则值得深入学习与探究。%Objective] To sum up the academic ideas and clinical experience of Zhou Fuming's old Chinese medicine in treating gout arthritis. [Method] From the clinical treatment,coping the teacher's prescription drugs, collecting the clinical information of the teacher, research and discuss Zhou Fuming old doctor of traditional Chinese medicine academic ideas and clinical experience in gouty arthritis treatment, to summarize the traditional Chinese medicine of gouty arthritis in dialectical characteristic, and for proven cases. [Result] Gouty arthritis in TCM is called arthromyodynia, physical weakness and disease blocking main and collateral channels are the basic pathogenesis. Zhou Fuming old Chinese medicine puts forward first identifing the main symptoms, then identifing secondary symptoms, to make clear major and minor, virtual and real, the site of disease treatment tips, with objective to reach strengthening the physique and driving away the disease and clinical cure. The listed medical case carried out teacher Zhou's academic experience, whose curative effect was satisying. [Conclusion] Zhou Fuming old Chinese

  20. 永樂大典數位化相關問題之探討:兼論資訊科技對古籍整理的影響 | Exploration of the Relating Problems in Digitization of Yung Lo Encyclopaedia:the Impact of Information Technology to the Chinese Ancient Books

    顧力仁 Li-Jen Ku


    ="color: black; font-family: "Times New Roman","serif"; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt;" lang="EN-US"> Yung Lo Encyclopaedia is a collection all classical, historical, philosophical, and literary works that ever published; covering subjects like astronomy, geography, sciences, medicine, Buddhism, Taoism, and arts. It was mainly compilation of extracts that includes many complete works which had been lost for years.

    This paper explores the relating problems in digitization of Yung Lo Encyclopaedia. The author first introduces several database systems of the Chinese ancient books for example to discuss the impact of information technology to the Chinese ancient books. Then he analyzes the encountered in this process. In conclusion, possible future developments and benefits in digitization of Yung Lo Encyclopaedia are to be discussed further. problems

  1. 文化人类学视野下的周作人%The Perspective of Cultural Anthropology Zhou Zuoren



    “五四”新文化运动从实质上说是一场“人的解放”运动,正是出于这一精神的要求,周作人对西方文化人类学充满了浓厚的兴趣.并以此为中心构建了他独特的知识体系。他对中国国民性的富于穿透力的认知在很大程度上取决于他所受到的文化人类学的学科滋养,正是文化人类学使周作人突破了中国传统文化中的“家族本位主义”,跟整个20世纪的“人”的觉醒与解放运动完成了精神呼应,它同时也垫高了周作人对中国文化和中国国民性的观照视点,使他在中国现代文化史和文学史上占有非常重要的位置。%"May 4th' new culture movement from essentially is a "people's" liberation movement, it is out of the spiritual requirements, Zhou zuo-ren on western culture anthropology is full of interest. And for this center constructs his unique knowledge system. His nationality of China in the cognitive penetrating abound depends largely on him by the cultural anthropology discipline and nourishing. It is the cultural anthropology that traditional Chinese culture Zhou zuo-ren breakthrough the "family selfish departmentalism" with the entire 20th century, the "people's" awakening and liberation movement finished spirit appeal, it also mat high Zhou zuoren on Chinese culture and Chinese nationality made his point of view, a witness in modem Chinese history and literature history of occupied a very important position.

  2. Research on Female Ethics of Zhou Yi%《周易》女性伦理析论



    《周易》包括《易经》《易传》,经、传有着不一样的女性伦理价值观。《易经》女性伦理呈现国家、社会、个人伦理多层次和多样性的格局;而《易传》倾向男尊女卑、男主女从的妇妻社会伦理,体现了统一性,并对这种统一的女性伦理接通天人之际,凭借形上的根据以证成其合法性和合理性。《周易》的这些女性伦理观,是我国古代女性伦理的重要理论来源,对于后世的女性伦理发展有着重要的影响。今人在分析《周易》女性伦理时,应当坚持经、传相分的观点,才能准确地把握其女性伦理观。%Zhou Yi includes Yi Jing and Yi Zhuan,which with different values of female ethics. The female ethics of Yi Jing is multi-level and various with state,social and personal ethics. But Yi Zhuan tends to the social ethics that women are inferior to men and it finds out the foundation of the women social ethics from the heaven-human relationship by ontology as well. The female ethics of Zhou Yi,is an important theoretical source of Chinese ancient female ethics,which also has an important influ-ence on the later development of female ethics. In the analysis of Zhou Yi’s female ethics,we should make a distinction between Yi Jing and Yi Zhuan in order to accurately grasp the female ethic view.

  3. Settlement distribution and its relationship with environmental changes from the Neolithic to Shang-Zhou dynasties in northern Shandong, China

    GUO Yuanyuan; MO Duowen; MAO Longjiang; WANG Shougong; LI Shuicheng


    In this paper,the spatial and temporal distribution of the settlement sites of six periods from the Neolithic Age to the Shang and Zhou dynasties in northern Shandong was investigated using the ArcGIS program,and the relationship between settlement distribution and environmental changes was discussed,based on the proxy records of climatic and environmental change contained in the sediments from three sections at the Shuangwangcheng site and the previous work.The results show that the climate was warm and humid and the sea level was relatively high during the period of 8000-5000 a BP in the study area,and the ancient people lived in the relatively flat (slope of <2°) areas at high elevation (20-300 m above sea level),such as diluvial tableland and alluvial plain.On the other hand,few archaeological sites in the low-lying plain in the west of the study area indicate that few people lived there during that period.This might be attributed to frequent flooding in the area.After 5000years ago,the scope of human activity extended to the area close to the sea because the relatively colder and drier climate results in sea-level fall,meanwhile the low-lying plain in the west was occupied by the ancient people.The study area of this period was characterized by the rapid development of prehistoric culture,the intensified social stratification and the emergence of early city-states.However,around 4000 a BP,the abrupt change in climate and the increase in frequency and intensity of floods severely disrupted human activities,and eventually led to the decline of the Yueshi culture.During the Shang and Zhou dynasties,the climatic conditions gradually stabilized in a mild-dry state,which promoted the redevelopment and flourish of the Bronze Culture.The previous situation,which was characteristic of sparse human settlements due to freshwater shortage and unfitted conditions for sedentary agriculture,changed during the Shang and Zhou dynasties in northem coastal wetlands

  4. 关于夏商周碳十四年代框架%On the 14C Chronclogical Frame of the Xia-Shang-Zhou Period

    张雪莲; 仇士华


    14C Chronological framework provides scientific foundations for establishing of Xia-Shang-Zhou Chronological Table. New 14C dating datums of Luodamiao-Erligang period supplement basis for determination of the time when Zhengzhou Shang-period City started to establish.

  5. Tombs of the Zhou Period at Guziping in Yiyuan County,Shandong%山东沂源县姑子坪周代墓葬

    山东大学考古系; 淄博市文物局; 沂源县文管所


    In 2001,three tombs of the Zhou period were excavated at Guziping by the Archaeology Department of Shandong University,Zibo Municipal Museum and other institutions.All of them are wooden—chambered rectangular earth pits.M1 and M2 are large in size and contain bronze vessels of ritual use and weapons.The tomb—owners must have been noblemen.M4 is smaller in size and much poorer in grave goods,yielding only a few pottery vessels.Its occupant must have been among the common people M1 and M4 date roughly from the late Western Zhou period,while M2 can be assigned to the turn between the Western and Eastern Zhou or to the early Spring and Autumn period. The burial custom and funeral obiects of the three tombs show distinct features of the Ju or other local cultures.The discovery is of great importance in the Shang and Zhou archaeology of Shandong.

  6. Comment on '3-D frequency-domain seismic wave modelling in heterogeneous, anisotropic media using a Gaussian quadrature grid approach' by Bing Zhou and S. A. Greenhalgh

    de Basabe, Jonás D.


    Zhou & Greenhalgh have recently presented an application of the Gaussian quadrature grid to seismic modelling in which the authors propose a meshing scheme that partitions the domain independently of the discontinuities in the media parameters. This comment aims to clarify the implications that this strategy has on the accuracy.

  7. Three-dimensional Operation Design of Forest Engineering —— A Case Study of Bagua Zhou in Nanjing City

    Hongyu GU; Tao LIN; Jing ZHOU; Xuemei YU


    Abstract [Objective] The aim was to construct a virtuous eco-system covering mul- ti-populations, multi-layers and multi-products and to explore timber production of physical and non-physical products, in order to extend products operated in forestry engineering and seek a novel model for forestry engineering. [Method] A three-di- mensional operation project was designed based on forestry lands in Bagua Zhou in Nanjing City. [Result] In the project, timber products, by-products in forest and relax- ing products supplimented and supported each other, and a virtuous circle has been achieved. [Conclusion] The novel model makes simultaneous relaxing and working possible, which creat vaule together.

  8. 赤壁之战后的周瑜考论%On Zhou Yu After The Chibi Battle



    周瑜等在赤壁之战获胜后发动江陵之战,并最终迫使曹仁撤走。占领南郡江陵等地使得孙权后来在与刘备就荆州问题的交涉中处于较为有利的地位。刘备赴江东谈判“都督荆州”之事,周瑜、吕范劝孙权借机留下刘备。不过孙权接受了鲁肃的建c义,对刘备采取笼络、联合的立场,但又力求从刘备那谋取一定实际利益。周瑜向孙权提出先攻取巴蜀、汉中而后进占襄阳的战略规划。他或想到刘备以后会染指益州.因此主张先西进益州,这样可挤压刘备未来的战略发展空间,实现“二分天下”的目标。他的病逝使这一战略规划未能实现。赤壁之战后的周瑜是江东方面向外扩张的急进派,而且他抓住了向荆州扩张的机会。%Zhou Yu and other commanders launched the Jiangling Battle after their victory in the Chibi Battle, and later forced Cao Ren to retreat. After occupying Jiangling and some other places in Nanjun, Sun Quan strengthened his position in the negotiation on Jingzhou with Liu Bei. Liu Bei went to Jiangdong to carry on negotiations on his controlling Jingzhou, but Zhou Yu and Lu Fan advised Sun Quan to detain him. However, Sun Quan was persuaded by Lu Su to ally with Liu Bei, though with seeking certain benefits from the latter. Zhou Yu produced a strategic planning to capture Ba, Shu and Hanzhong, and then occupy Xiangyang. Perhaps at that time he realized Liu Bei would attack Yizhou later, so he argued for marching westwards to Yizhou in advance in order to squeeze the future strategic space of Liu Bei, and achieved his objectives of "dividing the empire into two parts". This strategic planning was not carried out because of his death. Zhou Yu belonged to the radical expansionists in Jiangdong after the Chibi Battle, and he seized the chance to expand into Jingzhou.

  9. Research on History of Grain Storages in Eastern Zhou Dynasty%东周储粮史研究

    周智波; 余黎星


    In the Eastern Zhou Dynasty, in order to grab the right of domination and rival for hegemony, every vassal state focused on the development of agricultural production and cereal storage. Agricultural development saw the appearance and application of iron farm tools, expansion of the artificial irrigation area, manual fertilization and popularization etc. During this period, the forms of grain storage were ground storage houses and underground barn cellars, which were divided into state and private grain storages. The cereal storages aimed at military spending, disaster relief, salary expenses of the officials, expenditure of the palace and so on. The cereal storage during the Eastern Zhou Dynasty was a step forward both in its size and management.%东周时期,各诸侯国为了称雄争霸,都比较注重农业生产的发展及粮食的储藏。农业发展表现为:铁农具的出现和使用,人工灌溉面积扩大,人工施肥的推广等。这个时期,储粮形式有地上仓房和地下粮窖,储粮分为国家储粮和私人储粮。储粮的用途为:军费开支、救灾、官吏俸禄、王宫费用等。东周时期,储粮无论是规模和管理,都向前跨进了一步。

  10. The Natural History in Zhou Zuoren' s Prose%周作人散文中的博物学



    Zhou Zuoren was a modern Chinese essayist, a literature theorist, a translator, a thinker and a pioneer of folklore. Taking some of his prose as an example, this essay attempts to explore the value of natural history and science communication. In the field of modem Chinese popular science, why was Zhou Zuoren left out in the cold? What is the difference between his prose and the contemporary works of popular science? Why were his writings labeled as leisurely essays by most people? At the early stage of development of modern natural history, there was sincere willingness and ability of the deep-level exchanges between humanities and sciences. The boundaries among the traditional culture, folk custom and modern scientific knowledge were not clearly defined yet, so they can complement and improve each other. Reading Zhou' s prose which contains folk custom, sinology and western natural history from today' s perspective, we can find it have a deep thought and care about the nation, society and the lives of ordinary people, hence provide a contemporary revelation.%周作人是中国现代散文家、文学理论家、翻译家、思想家、民俗学开拓人。本文将以他的部分小品文为例,探讨其博物学与科普价值。在中国现代科普领域,周作人缘何遇冷,其作品与同时代科普作品相比有何区别,为什么在大多数人看来,周氏作品仅仅只是"闲适小品文"?本文试图论述,在我国现代博物学发展之初,人文与科学之间具有真诚的、深层次交流的意愿与能力;传统文化、民间习俗与现代科学之间具有相互弥补和促进的可能。把周作人那些夹杂着民俗、国学、西方博物学兴味的小品文,置于今天的环境中重新品读,会发现它们对民族、社会以及普通人的生活,都有着深切的思考和关照,能够给予当代人启示。

  11. 游牧者的风骨——周涛诗歌中的意象解析%On Zhou Tao' s Writing Style of Vigor --Interpretation of the Images in Zhou Tao' s Poems



    Because of long living in Xinjiang, Zhou Tao is very familiar with the grand natural scenery, long cultural history and colorful ethnical life of the west. In his poems, with the help of such image symbols with the features of freedom, vigor, magnificence, and persistence or with primitive vitality in the western nature as horse, eagle, mountain, and camel, he makes the western nomandic culture vivid, as a result of which he constructs a cubic, male, and tangible Xinjiang and forcefully reveals the spiritual and internal termperament of this region.%周涛长期生活在新疆,对西部雄伟壮丽的自然风光、源远流长的历史文化及丰富多彩的民族生活十分熟悉,在他的诗歌中,常常借助马、鹰、山、骆驼等西部自然中具有原始生命力或自由、刚劲、雄伟与坚韧的意象符号,将西部游牧文化精神形象化,构筑起一个立体的、雄性的、质感的新疆,有力地揭示了这一区域的精神风貌和内在气韵。

  12. Tombs of the Zhou period in Madong Village,Hezhou City,Guangxi%广西贺州市马东村周代墓葬



    There is an ancient cemetery at Madong village, Shatian town, Hezhou city lying to the south of the Five Ridges on the boundary between Chu and Yue. In 1996, two of the tombs were excavated by the Hezhou Municipal Museum. Both are earth shafts, Tomb M1 being small-sized while M2 having a L-shaped plan. They were found to be damaged seriously: only the tomb bottom remains in both cases. The funeral objects are all bronzes, which belong to the lei pot, ding tripod, yongzhong handled bell, spear, short sword, yue battle axe. adze, arrowhead, etc. Showing no distinct local features, they suggest that local bronzes were cast in imitation of those of the Shang and Zhou cultures in the Central Plains and represented the early bronze culture in the area south of the Five Ridges. The two tombs go back roughly to the turn from the late Western Zhou to the early Spring and Autumn period.

  13. Xia - Shang - Zhou Chronology Project and the Study of Archaeological Cultures in the Xia and Shang Periods%夏商周断代工程与夏商考古学文化研究



    Xia-Shang-Zhou Chronology Project is a systematic project with the cooperation of different specialists from the fields of history, archaeology, astronomy and carbon datingtechnology etc.. With five years hard work, this project has released a reliable scientific time table for the Three Dynasties and thus the ancient Chinese history can be traced back to 2070 BC with hard evidence. Besides, the Project has greatly improved the studies of the Xia-Shang-Zhou archaeological cultures.

  14. ZHANG Min-zhou (张敏州)——A Renowned Cardiologist of Integrative Medicine

    Tao Bo


    Professor ZHANGMin-zhou(张敏州),chief physician,doctoral adviser,the successor to the nationally well-known old professor of Chinese Medicine DEND Tie-tao's academic thinking,vicepresident of the Special Committee of Cardiovascular Disease affiliated with the World Federation of Chinese Medicine Societies,vice chairman of the Cardiovascular Disease Committee attached to the Chinese Association of Integrative Medicine,vice chairman of the Emergency Branch of the China Association of Chinese Medicine,a member of the Standing Committee of the Integrative Medicine Doctors Association,Cardiovascular Diseases Association and the Professional Committee of Evidence-Based Medicine attached to the Chinese Medical Doctors Association,respectively;executive director of the Guangdong Province Association of Integrative Medicine,chairman of Critical Care Medicine,director of the Guangdong Province Medical Doctor Association,chairman of the Integrative Medicine Branch,one of the evaluation experts of the National Natural Science Foundation of China,a member of the editorial board of the Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine,the Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine in Intensive and Critical Care,the Journal of Emergency in Traditional Chinese Medicine and the Journal of Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Diseases,vice editor-in-Chief of the Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine on Cardio-/Cerebrovascular Disease.

  15. 湖南望城县高砂脊商周遗址的发掘%Excavation at the Gaoshaji Site of the Shang and Zhou Period in Wangcheng County,Hunan

    湖南省文物考古研究所; 长沙市博物馆; 长沙市考古研究所; 望城县文物管理所


    The Gaoshaji site is situated at Gaotangling town in Wangcheng county, Hunan province, lying on a long narrow sandbar on the western bank of the lower Xiangjiang River, at the river mouth where the Weishui flows into the Xiangjiang, and occupies an area of 180, 000 sq m. It was excavated twice in 1996 and 1999, which acquired very important archaeological data, including tombs,ash-pits, kiln-sites and numerous bronzes, pottery objects and stone artifacts. The tombs with bronzes are dated to the time from the later early to the earlier middle stage of Western Zhou; those with pottery and other remains can be divided into two phases: the first phase belongs principally to the early Western Zhou, maybe as early as the turn between the Shang and Zhou, while the second phase to the mid Western Zhou. Containing elements of two cultures,the unearthed objects show the character of a mixed culture with the external elements as the main body. The coexistence of Shang and Zhou bronzes with a pottery culture provides an important clue for solving the puzzle of Hunan bronzes in Shang and Zhou times.

  16. On Distinction between Huo Style in Word and Expression and Zhou Calligraphic One%《说文》或体与籀文字形辨考



    Based on inscriptions on bones and tortoise shells,this paper has made a contrast among Huo interpretation style in Word and Expression,Zhou and Xiaozhuan calligraphic styles according to the sequence of the book and made a dis-tinction between them.The author has found the different features between Huo and Zhou form,both Huo and Xiaozhuan styles are slim and symmetric and are more tidy,some of them are the direct or indirect rewriting or omission of Zhou Style,and hence become much simpler and easier,whereas Zhou style seems a little round and stout; formation, both Xiaozhuan and Huo styles have changed some Zhou words which are ideographic and pictographic into phonograms. Through the contrast between the two,we can see the clear evolutionary trace of Chinese characters.%按照《说文》之序,结合甲骨文、金文等古文字形,对《说文》重文中的籀文、或体以及字头小篆作了字形比较,明晰了各字形的构形方式。可知,籀文和或体在形体和构形方式的不同特点:(1)在形体上,小篆或体的字形线条较匀称,籀文则略显肥圆;小篆或体比籀文更加简明、齐整,有的是对籀文直接或间接的省改,化繁为简,化难为易;(2)在构形方式上,小篆或体把一些以象形、会意构形的籀文字形通过增加部件或更换部件转换为形声字。通过比较籀文和小篆或体,可清晰地了解汉字的字形演变轨迹。

  17. The discussion on the construction of site of eastern zhou capital%试论东周王城的营建

    徐昭峰; 姜超


    东周王城是东周王朝的国都。对于其地望及始建年代,虽曾经颇多争议,但20世纪50年代在涧河两岸发现的东周城址,从考古发现情况整合文献资料,两者可以相互印证,故学界一般认为其即文献记载的王城。从考古发现来看,东周王城在春秋和战国这两个阶段进行了较大规模的营建,春秋时期建有宫城及其内的宫殿,还有规划有序的春秋王陵区及其他文化遗存。战国时期始建郭城,宫城则一分为二,西为宫城,东为仓城。在郭城南瞿家屯一带发现有战国晚期的成组夯土建筑群基址;在郭城北部发现有大量的手工业作坊遗址和包括西周君陵区在内的大量墓葬。东周王城的营建过程都有其特定的历史背景。%Site of Eastern Zhou Capital is the capital of the Eastern Zhou .For its geographical location and the beginning of the era ,there have been a lot of controversy .In 1950s ,archaeological finds in the cross‐strait Jianhe Zhou City combined with the literature ,the two can confirm each other ,so the academic circles generally believed that it is the site of Eastern Zhou Capital .From the archaeological perspective , the site of Eastern Zhou Capital conducted large‐scale construction in the two stage of the spring and au‐tumn period and Warring states .Built imperial palace and inner palace ,orderly planning and other cultural relics in the tomb area in the Spring and Autumn period .Outer city wall was built during the Warring States period .Imperial palace was divided into imperial palace located on the west side and Cang Cheng lo‐cated on the east side .Rammed earth architectural foundations group found in Qu Jia Tun area located on the south of outer city wall belongs to the late Warring States period .A large number of handicraft work‐shops and number of tombs in the Western Zhou Dynasty mausoleum were found in the northern outer city wall .The construction

  18. 论周氏兄弟的早期翻译%A Study on Early Translations of Zhou Brothers



    1909年《域外小说集》的出版是周氏兄弟在晚清最重要的文学活动。在《域外小说集》中,周氏兄弟审慎地选择了代表唯美主义、自然主义、批判现实主义、现代主义等世纪之交文艺思潮的小说作品,来践行以文艺转移性情、改造社会的目标。《域外小说集》能够在1909年出版,与周氏兄弟之前较长一段时间里在翻译领域的摸索和准备是分不开的。周氏兄弟的早期翻译可以分为两个阶段:1903—1906年是裹挟在晚清译介潮流中的摸索阶段。在晚清译界登场以后,周氏兄弟大致选择了科学小说和侦探小说进行翻译。1906—1908年是周氏兄弟《域外小说集》的酝酿阶段。在合作翻译《红星佚史》的过程中,他们提出了“文以移情”的翻译理念。受到无政府主义思想的影响,此时他们开始关注俄国文学。周氏兄弟最早关注并认真译介的弱小民族文学是匈牙利文学。%In the late Qing Dynasty, the publication of The Collections of Foreign Fictions in 1909 was the most important literar-y activity for Zhou brothers.They chose the stories in the book carefully which represented the trend of literary at the turn of the century, such as aestheticism, naturalism, critical realism, modernism, and etc.They hoped to achieve their ambition by trans-ferring people's dispositions and transforming the society.The publication of the book has been closely related to Zhou brothers'exploration and preparation in the field of translation from 1903 to 1908, which can be roughly divided into two periods.Before the year of 1906, their translation followed the trend of the time in an explorative manner.They chose scientific fiction and de-tective fiction as their translation topics.Then from the year 1906 to 1908, they started to prepare for the publication of The Col-lections of Foreign Fictions.They collaborated to translate The World's Desire and put forward the

  19. QTL Mapping of Adult-Plant Resistance to Leaf Rust in the Wheat Cross Zhou 8425B/Chinese Spring Using High-Density SNP Markers

    Peipei Zhang


    Full Text Available Wheat leaf rust is an important disease worldwide. Growing resistant cultivars is an effective means to control the disease. In the present study, 244 recombinant inbred lines from Zhou 8425B/Chinese Spring cross were phenotyped for leaf rust severities during the 2011–2012, 2012–2013, 2013–2014, and 2014–2015 cropping seasons at Baoding, Hebei province, and 2012–2013 and 2013–2014 cropping seasons in Zhoukou, Henan province. The population was genotyped using the high-density Illumina iSelect 90K SNP assay and SSR markers. Inclusive composite interval mapping identified eight QTL, designated as QLr.hebau-2AL, QLr.hebau-2BS, QLr.hebau-3A, QLr.hebau-3BS, QLr.hebau-4AL, QLr.hebau-4B, QLr.hebau-5BL, and QLr.hebau-7DS, respectively. QLr.hebau-2BS, QLr.hebau-3A, QLr.hebau-3BS, and QLr.hebau-5BL were derived from Zhou 8425B, whereas the other four were from Chinese Spring. Three stable QTL on chromosomes 2BS, 4B and 7DS explained 7.5–10.6%, 5.5–24.4%, and 11.2–20.9% of the phenotypic variance, respectively. QLr.hebau-2BS in Zhou 8425B might be the same as LrZH22 in Zhoumai 22; QLr.hebau-4B might be the residual resistance of Lr12, and QLr.hebau-7DS is Lr34. QLr.hebau-2AL, QLr.hebau-3BS, QLr.hebau-4AL, and QLr.hebau-5BL are likely to be novel QTL for leaf rust. These QTL and their closely linked SNP and SSR markers can be used for fine mapping, candidate gene discovery, and marker-assisted selection in wheat breeding.

  20. XANES investigation of Chinese faience excavated from Peng State Cemetery site in Western Zhou Period (BC1046–BC771)

    Hao, Wentao; Yang, Yimin [Key Laboratory of Vertebrate Evolution and Human Origins of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100044 (China); Department of Scientific History and Archaeometry, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); Zhu, Jian, E-mail: [Key Laboratory of Vertebrate Evolution and Human Origins of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100044 (China); Department of Scientific History and Archaeometry, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); Gu, Zhou [Key Laboratory of Vertebrate Evolution and Human Origins of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100044 (China); Department of Scientific History and Archaeometry, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); Xie, Yaoting [Institute of Archaeology of Shanxi Province, Taiyuan 030001 (China); Zhang, Jing [Beijing Synchrotron Radiation Facility, Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); Wang, Lihua [Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Facility, Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201204 (China)


    Highlights: • We analyzed faience of Peng State archaeological cemetery site in Western Zhou Dynasty (BC1046–BC771). • We investigated the chemical composition and oxidation state by energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence (EDXRF) and X-ray absorption near edge spectroscopy (XANES), respectively. • The coloring element in both beads is copper in +2 valence, and the color divergence of these two beads may originate from different local chemical environments of Cu{sup 2+}. • Chinese faience in this period is the earliest glaze with copper colorant. - Abstract: As a special kind of glazed ceramic, faience has an important role to play in the technological trajectory that eventually leads to the development of ancient glass. In China, faience products first emerged in early Western Zhou Dynasty (1046BC–771BC), and their great significance as well as brilliant colors varying between blue and green attracted a lot of scholars. However, scientific researches on the color source of Chinese faience in view of microstructure characterization are quite few. In the present work, analyses by energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence (EDXRF) and X-ray absorption near edge spectroscopy (XANES) were carried out on two faience beads with relatively blue and green color, respectively, both of which were excavated from Peng State archaeological cemetery site in Western Zhou Dynasty. The results show that the coloring element in both beads is copper with +2 valence, and the color divergence of these two beads may originate from different local chemical environments of Cu{sup 2+}. It is suggested that the faience in this period is the earliest glaze with copper colorant in China.

  1. A Summary on the Western Zhou Dynasty Bronze Inscription Verbs%西周金文动词研究综述



    西周金文是最早的成系统的汉民族书面语之一,保持着当时语言的原貌,是该时期语言的真实记录,因此它是研究上古汉语词汇和语法的重要语料。通过对西周金文动词的判定标准、词义系统、语法功能和复音词进行全面的梳理,为西周金文的释读和应用以及上古汉语动词的研究奠定基础。%The Western Zhou Dynasty bronze inscription is one of the earliest systematic written languages of Han nationality and records the true language phenomena at that time. It is very important to studying the ancient vocabulary and grammar since it keeps in the original states. Bythe thoroughly researches on the criterion, the meaning system and the grammatical function of verbs and the disyllabic verbs in Western Zhou Dynasty bronze inscription, one can learn the verbs’rules and features and lay a solid foundation to apply and study the ancient Chinese language verb system.

  2. 毛泽东、周恩来人生哲学之比较%A Comparison of the Philosophy of Life between Mao Zedong and Zhou Enlai

    程林辉; 夏小琛


    毛泽东、周恩来的人生哲学既同中有异,又异中有同。共同的理想信仰、价值准则、人生追求,使他们的人生哲学呈现出很多相同之处,然而其差异也显而易见:毛泽东的性格以"虎气"为主,气质上豪迈奔放,具有浓郁的诗人情怀,趋于英雄人格;周恩来的性格以柔韧见长,气质上儒雅谦逊,具有博大的贤者胸怀,趋于道德人格。%Comparison between Mao Zedong and Zhou Enlai'philosophies of life show some differences and also some similarities.Because of the same beliefs,values and life pursuits,they have a lot of similarities in their philosophies of life.Nevertheless,the difference is also very obvious.Mao Zedong is mainly characterized by his "Tiger Spirit"with a bold and generous temperament,a strong poetic sense and heroic personality.Yet,Zhou Enlai is characteristically good at his flexibility with a modest manner,a broad-minded wisdom and a virtuous personality.

  3. 明周太后与文华门哭谏事件%Empress Zhou and Fight Etiquette beside Wen Hua Door in Ming Dynasty



    明代历史上,大臣为捍卫祖制伏阙争礼三次,最早始于成化年间的文华门哭谏。这次争礼因宪宗生母周太后在柑葬问题上与大臣的分歧引起,周太后的跋扈独断激起文武百官大规模请愿。文华门哭谏不仅引起皇室丰忖葬制度的重大变革,也是谏诤皇权不当行为而抗争请愿之开端。%Ministers debated for etiquette in defending the petition of the ceremony, which earliest happened beside the Wen Hua door in Ming Dynasty in Cheng Hua period. This etiquette releted Empress Zhou (the Mother of Xian Zong). There were different views about obsequies between Empress Zhou and ministers. Her selfish and dour determination provoked ministers petition. In consequence, the obsequies not only provoked great change of imperial family, but also became the beginning of petition campaigns about admonitory advisement to rulers who would disobev the rituals during his rai~rn

  4. The ontologicalization of .the Confucian concept of Xin Xing: Zhou Lianxi's founding contribution to the Song-Ming Neo-Confucianism


    The Confucian concept of "cheng" (integrity) emphasizes logical priority of value realization over "zhen shi" (reality or truth).Through value realization and the completion of being,zhenshi can be achieved.Cheng demonstrates the original unity of value and reality.Taking the concept of cheng as the core,Zhou Lianxi's philosophy interpreted yi Dao (the Dao of change),and integrated Yi Jing (The Book of Changes) and Zhong Yong (The Doctrine of the Mean).On the one hand,it ontologicalized the Confucian concept of xin xing (mind nature),and proved and established the significance of Dao ti(the ontological Dao) as the principle and origin of the utmost goodness.On the other hand,it also extended the significance of value realization to the process of qi hua (transformation of qi) and transformation of myriad things.He proved li yi (the One Principle) of Dao ti from its many manifestations and established his own metaphysical system.Zhou Lianxi's philosophy sets up a new theoretical direction for the Song-Ming Confucians to reconstruct Confucian Metaphysics.

  5. 周谷城“文化综合说”的形成%The Formation Of Zhou Gucheng’ s Cultures Synthesis Theory



    《生活系统》奠定周谷城文化观的基础,大革命失败后的中国社会研究使周谷城意识到产业革命对于中国现代化的重要性,周著《中国通史》的“中外文化汇合演进”说是其后“文化综合说”的源头和雏形,周著《世界通史》的编撰使周谷城意识到了欧洲中心论问题。1978年后,周谷城在上述文化思想的基础上提出了精辟独到的“文化综合说”。%Zhou Gucheng laid the foundation for his theory by System of Life , realized the importance of industrial revolution to China’ s modernization by the study of Chinese society after the the Great Revolution, the evolution of cultures both from China and foreign in Zhou’ s General History of China was the origin and rudiment of the Cultures Synthesis Theory, and noticed the problem of Eurocentrism by the written of General History of the World. After 1978, Zhou finally put forward the penetrating original cultural theory.

  6. 西安市北周史君石椁墓%Shi Sarcophagused Tomb of the Northern Zhou Period in Xi'an



    In 2003, the Xi'an Municipal Institute of Ancient Monument Preservation and Archaeology excavated the Shi tomb of the Northern Zhou period east of the Jingshang Village of Daminggong Township in Weiyang District, Xi'an City. They discovered stone sealing slabs, a sarcophagus and beds, as well as gold finger-rings, coins and ornaments, all valuable cultural relics. The tomb is an earthen cave, and consists of a long ramp, small yards, tunnels, a corridor and a chamber. The tombgate, lintel, ramp and chamber are decorated with murals. In the tomb is a couple's joint burial. The male tomb-owner, Shi by name, was the Sabao, or administrator of Zoroastrianism, in the Liangzhou Prefecture of the Northern Zhou period. The color-painted and gold-foiled carvings in relief on the sarcophagus, beds and sealing stones reflect both the Zoroastrianist culture and influence from the Han culture. They provide invaluable textual and pictorial data for studying the Silk Road and Sino-western cultural relations, and have very great significance to researching into the history of Sino-western cultural relations and that of Chinese art.

  7. 周玉艳主任医师治疗难治性周围性面瘫经验初探%Experience of Doctor ZHOU YU-yan to Treat Peripheral Facial Paralysis

    张彩荣; 陈朝明; 李静


    This article summarized famous doctor Zhou Yu-yan' s clinical experience in the treatment of Refractory facial paralysis, who pointed out the differentiation is different root excessive superficial. Mr. Zhou especially pays attention to adjust immunity and manipulation of acupuucture.%总结了名老中医周玉艳主任治疗难治性周围性面瘫的临床经验,指出难治性面瘫为本虚标实症,周主任临床上治疗上重调节免疫及针刺补泻手法,讲究治调并济.

  8. Marriage Forms of Zhou Dynasty Reflected in The Book of Songs%从《诗经》看周代婚姻形态



    In The Book of Songs , there is a large amount of love and marriage poems which can fully present the process of concluding a marriage . During The Book of Songs era , although the Six Marriage Processes , an important part of the rite system of Zhou Dynasty , had become popular among both aristocratic class and common people , different classes had different wedding ceremonies in detail . Except for the major Betrothal Marriage marked with monogamy , there are three more marriage patterns in Zhou Dynasty , like Concubine Marriage marked with polygamy , Succession Marriage marked with the relatives of the dead husband marrying his widow and marriage based on illicit sexual relations . Meanwhile , The Book of Songs also has many poems on the abandoned wives . It is reasonable to get the causes of the factual termination of the marriage according to them . Above all , people can get a general view of the whole marriage forms of Zhou Dynasty .%《诗经》中,婚恋诗所占的篇幅颇丰,它们充分展现了先民们的婚约缔结过程:在《诗经》的时代,周礼所规定的婚姻“六礼”就已通行于贵族及平民阶层,但婚姻仪式又因社会阶级地位的不同而有所区别;周代主要的婚姻形式除以一夫一妻为标志的聘娶婚外,还有一夫多妻的媵妾婚、亡夫亲属收娶寡妇的收继婚和野合而婚;与此同时,《诗经》中又不乏弃妇诗,从这些诗篇出发可以分析先民婚姻的事实终结的部分原因,从而窥测整个周代婚姻形态的大端。

  9. Mr. Zhou Guidian's "Research on Dong Zhongshu" and Its Modern Value%周桂钿先生之"董仲舒研究"及现代价值



    Mr. Zhou Guidian, a master of the studies on the ideological history in Qin and Han Dynasties, holds an important academic position and influence in the field of academic, ideology and social science, and his great devotion and assiduous attitude to academic together with his philosophical spirit is looked up to. In the course of his study on Dong Zhongshu, Mr. Zhou defines Dong Zhongshu's philosophy for three times. Academic paradigm has great influences on Dong Zhongshu's historical position and evaluation. Mr. Zhou summarizes Dong Zhongshu's theoretical contribution as the great unification,the telepathy between heaven and man, and honouring Confucianism alone. Based on Confucius's "education after wealth" and the history of New China, he puts forwards "the theory of the three phases of national development". His "New Confucianism in the Han Dynasty" is basically equal to "Dong Zhongshu's Theory".%周桂钿先生是秦汉思想史及董仲舒哲学研究的大家,在学术界、思想界和社会科学界有着重要的学术地位和影响力,其潜心学术、孜孜不倦的学术态度及哲学精神令人钦敬.周先生在董仲舒研究的历程中,对董仲舒哲学进行了三次定性.学术范式对董仲舒历史地位及评价影响巨大.周先生对董仲舒的理论贡献归纳、总结为大一统论、天人感应、独尊儒术.由孔子"富而后教"出发,结合新中国历史,周先生总结了"国家发展三阶段论".周先生提出的"汉代新儒学"基本等同于"董学".

  10. The Sogdian Trade Caravan Traveled Between Liu Hu Zhou and LuoYang in Tang Dynasty%唐代六胡州、洛阳间的粟特商队



    The Liu Hu Zhou trade caravan is still at work on long distance trade in Tang Dynasty.Shi Zhou attracts the caravan to live there for its traffic hub position,economic hinterland superiority condition.The trade route starting from Liu Hu Zhou, passing Shi Zhou and finally arriving at Luo Yang is in a good condition to travel. Wu Ding River Valley, Fen River Valley, and the influx of husbandry, towns, and traffic have provided great convenience for long distant trade. Further, the image of caravan Zoroastrian gods comes from here.%唐代六胡州仍保持着经商的传统,从事着远程长途贸易。石州因着地理交通的便利,经济腹地的支撑,吸引了大量六胡州粟特商队前来定居,形成聚落。从六胡州出发,经石州水陆转运,通往洛阳的商路十分畅通,无定河谷、汾河谷道中,农牧业、城镇、交通的汇集,为远程商贸的展开提供了便利,骆驼祆神形象就诞生在这条路上。

  11. 浅析扬州二电厂60万kW机组不停电电源系统%A Brief Introduction to UPS of YangZhou NO. 2 Power Plant



    介绍了不停电电源(UPS)系统的配置、构成及其工作原理,针对扬州二电厂UPS系统做出了剖析。%This paper introduces configuration、 constructionand essential operating principle of UPS. And it analysis theUPS of YangZhou NO. 2 Power Plant.

  12. Talk about training of the clinical thinking from YANG Ji-zhou's medical records%从杨继洲医案看临床思维的培养

    夏晓红; 胡玲


    To probe into training of the clinical thinking of the students of modern acupuncture and moxibustion speciality, analyze YANG Ji-zhou's clinical thinking of acupuncture and moxibustion from YANG Ji-zhou's medical records in Zhenjiu Dacheng. Results indicate that YANG Ji-zhou's many points of view in clinical acupuncture and moxibustion still can enlighten the train of thought of later generations, suggesting that YANG Ji-zhou's clinical thinking is of an important practical significance for training of the clinical thinking of the students of the acupuncture and moxibustion speciality.%探讨对现代针灸专业学生临床思维的培养.从杨继洲医案入手,对杨继洲针灸临床思维进行分析.结果表明杨继洲在针灸临床方面的许多观点仍能启迪后学思路.说明杨继洲临床思维对针灸专业学生临床思维的培养具有重要的现实意义.

  13. 周作人自编文集的命名风格%The Naming Style of Zhou Zuoren' s Self-compiled Anthology



    周作人自编文集的命名风格主要有三点:一是简单,简单就是简要、真实和腴润;二是苦涩,苦涩是一种人生态度和审美追求;三是自然,自然是一种文学价值标准,含有平淡、天成的意蕴。%The naming style of Zhou Zuoren' s self-compiled anthology has three main points: First is simple which is short, truth and abundance; Second is bitter which is the life attitude towards and aesthetic pursuit ; Third is nature which is a literary values, with the meaning of fiat and naturalness.

  14. 广州市京溪污水处理厂工程造价分析%Project Cost Analysis of GuangZhou Jingxi Sewage Treatment Plant



    GuangZhou Jingxi sewage treatment plant is the first MBR sewage treatment plant which underground type is applied in China.The paper analyzes the underground type,MBR technology,related equipments and their effect on the project cost,to provide some reference for the construction and cost control of similar projects.%广州市京溪污水处理厂是国内首家地埋式MBR工艺污水处理厂。分析该污水处理厂地下式结构、MBR工艺、相关设备及其对工程造价的影响,为今后同类污水厂的建设与造价控制提供借鉴。

  15. Zhou Enlai's People to People Diplomatic Thoughts and Its Realistic Enlightenment%周恩来人民外交思想及其当代价值



    人民外交是公共外交的重要组成部分,是加强中国同世界各国人民的对话交流,推动中国同世界良性互动和共同发展的重要渠道。周恩来是新中国首倡人民外交的第一人,周恩来的人民外交思想内涵深刻、特色鲜明,内容丰富、自成体系,开创了中国外交的新风尚,具有重要的历史作用,对当代中国外交具有重要的借鉴和启示意义。%People to people diplomacy is an important part of public diplomacy.It is an significant chan-nel to strengthen the dialogue and exchanges between Chinese and people around the world,also to promote positive interaction and common development between China and the other countries.Zhou Enlai is the first person to propose the people to people diplomacy in new China.Zhou Enlai's people to people diplomatic thought contains profound connotations,distinctive features and rich content.It is a self-contained system.It has initiated a brand-new fashion in China's diplomacy and an important role in history.It also has important reference and enlightening significance to the contemporary China's di-plomacy.

  16. Zhou Bida’s Methodology of Commenting on Si Shi%周必大评苏的方法问题



    周必大作为南宋前期重要的政治家,在当时朝野推崇苏学的政治背景和学术氛围下,十分关注与敬重苏轼。他采用考证、点评、辨析等方法,对苏轼的生平事迹、道德文章进行了深入考察和客观评价,体现了作者独特的人品风范与学问见识。文章对这些问题进行了系统梳理和总结概括。周必大提供的不少今人未见的苏轼佚文线索,表明苏轼研究的文献收集整理等基础工作,还需要继续努力进行。%Zhou Bida is an important politician during the former period of the Southern Song Dynasty, who paid much attention to and respected Su Shi under the circumstances of the political background and a-cademic atmosphere in the court and commonalty. He used many methods to observe and critique Su Shi’s lifetime achievements and moral articles in depth, such as textual research, commenting and discrimination, embodying his great personality and academic achievements. This essay systematically analyzes and summa-rizes what have been mentioned above. Many of the leads that Zhou Bida provided for researches on Su Shi are quite precious, indicating that more efforts should be made to the fundamental work of collecting and restoring relevant literature.

  17. 周仲瑛教授临床应用苍耳草经验%Professor ZHOU Zhong-ying's clinical experience in using of Xanthium grass



    The clinical experience from ZHOU Zhong-ying in using Xanthium grass to treat with dozens of diseases was introduced .such as allergic rhinitis, asthma, rheumatoid arthritis, ulcerative colitis, henoch-schonlein purpura nephritis, neurodermitis, and so on.This experience was then analyzed, and showed that professor ZHOU using Xanthium grass not only stressed getting rid of restrictions of names of disease and basing on the flexibility of differential treatment, but also valued the principle of clear and rigorous indication.The indication is that: Xanthium grass can be used in the diseases that locaion is the lung and liver, features wind-heat, symptom pruritus, pathology irritability; while characteristic deficiency-cold, location inside should be cautious.%通过典型病例,分别介绍了周仲瑛教授应用苍耳草治疗过敏性鼻炎、哮喘、类风湿性关节炎、溃疡性结肠炎、紫癜性肾炎、神经性皮炎等病症的经验;然后对这些经验进行了总结分析,指出周教授临床应用苍耳草,既强调不拘病名、辨证论治的灵活性,又重视指征明确、不能随意的原则性.其应用苍耳草的指征是:病位在肺肝,病性属风热,病症为瘙痒,病理为过敏.而病性属虚、属寒,病位在里者则当慎用.

  18. Analysis of professor ZHOU Ming-xin's treatment strategies about amenorrhea%周铭心教授辨治闭经方略分析

    伍镝; 周铭心


    周铭心教授是国家级名老中医,中医临床经验丰富.周教授认识到闭经基本病机可分为血虚及血瘀两端,郁火积热也是闭经的另一重要病机,因病情的复杂性,临证需辨证认识虚瘀的关系;在治疗方法上通过“达冲”、“注冲”两种方法有层次的安排,观察病情“应”与“不应”,再采取相应的“达冲”与“注冲”的治疗方法;在用药方面,根据既往经验预先配伍治疗闭经有效的单元药组,临证时根据病情变化将这些单元药组联缀组方.策略得当,疗效满意.%Professor ZHOU Ming-xin is a prominent doctors of traditional Chinese medicine with rich clinical experience. Professor Zhou recognizes basic pathogenesis of amenorrhea can be divided into two sides: blood deficiency and blood stasis, in addition stagnated fire is also another important pathogenesis of amenorrhea. Due to complexity of disease, it is necessary to dialectical understand of the relationship of blood deficiency and blood stasis. Through the two treatment methods of ' Dredging Chong Vessel' and ' Irrigating Chong Vessel' with arrangement in sequence, disease improvement can be observed, then according to the result of observation, the two treatment methods above can be further used. Effective unit medicine groups, based on previous experience in treatment of amenorrhea, are connected and form TCM Prescription according to disease changes, the proper strategy curatives effect satisfaction.

  19. The Family of Sima Chuzhi in Northern Wei and Zhou Dynasties%北魏初至北周中的司马楚之家族兴替



    北魏初期,司马楚之凭借个人才能及其与鲜卑贵族、皇室的姻亲关系,父子得以世袭王爵,担任云中镇大将、朔州刺史的要职。孝文帝时期,司马楚之家族世袭要职的特权被取消,爵位亦例降为公。司马悦为重振家族,改变了以往的姻亲关系,开始与汉族大族联姻,以抬高家族的地位。北魏末,司马裔归顺西魏(北周)政权,依靠乡里、宗族的势力,屡立功勋,从而受到统治者的宠信,然关东豪族的身份使司马裔最终未能进入西魏(北周)的政权核心或政治中心地区任职。%In the early Northern Wei Dynasty, Sima chuzhi obtained three generations hereditary positions and prince titles by virtue of personal competency and affinity of Xianbei nobles and the Royal. In the period of Emperor Xiaowen, the hereditary post of privilege was cancelled, and the title down to duke. To revitalize the family, Simayue changed the past affinity and started with Han nationality’s marriage in order to boost family status .At the end of the Northern Wei Dynasty, Simayi surrendered to the west (the northern Zhou) regime and was trusted by the rulers relying on the village and clan forces and effectiveness. As local tyrant of Guandong, Sima Yi didn’t hold a post at the West Wei Dynasty’s (the West Zhou Dynasty’s) the core of the regime or in political center areas.

  20. 论西周青铜器与铭文的文化功能%Cultural Functions of the Bronzeware and Inscriptions of the Western Zhou Dynasty

    刘全志; 聂小雪


    The bronzeware of the Western Zhou Dynasty was a product of the ritual system, so its shape, decoration and arrangement are symbols of the established ritual system. The so-called"embodiment of rituals by bronzeware"means that the bronzeware could perform important ritual functions from all aspects. Making cauldrons was undoubtedly intended to show rituals. The emperors cast bronzeware to communicate with Heaven and Earth and receive divine decrees;and the dukes and ministers did so to pray happiness for future generations by offering sacrifices to their ancestors. Their actions could also be regarded as a display of power and regulation of order. Bronzeware was the carrier of ritual music of the Western Zhou;the system of bronzeware often stood for the ritual system;and the bronze concepts also represented ritual concepts.%西周青铜器是礼乐制度的产物,因此它的形制、纹饰乃至排列组合都昭示着既定的礼乐制度,所谓“器以藏礼”指的就是青铜器能从各方面展示出礼乐规范的重要功能,“铸鼎象物”无疑就是“铸鼎显礼”“铸器以显礼”。天子铸器以沟通天地、承接天命,而公侯大夫铸器无疑也是通过祭祀向祖先祈福,以保佑后世子孙,其背后的意义同样也起着展示权力、规范秩序的重要功能。青铜器是西周制礼作乐的载体,青铜制度往往就是礼乐制度,青铜观念往往就代表着礼乐观念。

  1. Experience of Zhou Wenquan in treating Hyperhidrosis using Chaihu Longmu Tang and Ganmai Dazao Tang%周文泉运用柴胡龙牡汤合甘麦大枣汤治疗多汗证经验

    李岩; 周文泉


    Doctor Zhou Wenquan is one of the nation recognized famous veteran TCMdoctor.He has plenty of clinical experience,espe-cially known for distinctive use of TCMformulas and medicines.Doctor Zhou is good at treating hyperhidrosis using Chaihu Longmu Tang and Ganmai Dazao Tang,which regulates qi activity and harmonize yin and yang.%周文泉教授是第四、五批全国老中医药专家学术经验继承工作指导老师,从医50年,积累了丰富的临床经验,尤其在遣方用药方面,独具匠心。周师运用柴胡龙牡汤合甘麦大枣汤调整阴阳,调和气机,治疗多汗证,取得了良好的疗效。

  2. 冲突与悖论中的人性展示:周朴园形象论析%The Show of Human Nature in Conflict and Paradox:Analysis of ZhouPuyuan’s Image



    周朴园扭曲变态的人性导致了《雷雨》的悲剧。论文通过对周朴园形象的分析,展示他冲突与悖论中的扭曲人性,探索来自社会家庭、自身角色的冲突、以及生存本身对人性的影响,从而发现其人性扭曲的悲剧根源。%Zhou Puyuan’s distorted human nature lead to the tragedy of Thunderstorm .This paper through the analysis of ZhouPuyuan’s image, show the distorted human nature in conflict and paradox .to explore the influence to human nature from the social、 family and the conflict of their differ-ent roles, and survival itself , and discover the tragedy’s root of distorted human nature .

  3. Excavation on the Western Zhou Site at Yandun in Liu'an City, Anhui%安徽六安市堰墩西周遗址发掘简报

    安徽省文物考古研究所; 六安市文物管理所


    The Yandun site lies at Yandun Village of Sanshipu Town in Liu'an City, Anhui Province, and was a terraced settlement within the district of the watershed between the Yangtze and Huihe rivers at the eastern foot of Dabie Mountain. It has deep deposits with pure cultural contents and constitutes a typical village remains of the Western Zhou period. In the extensive area of excavation,totaling about 900 sq m, ash-pits and tombs were discovered along with numerous vestiges related to buildings. Among the abundant objects unearthed are pottery, proto-porcelain, hard pottery with impressed design, bronzes, and stone, bone and shell artifacts. The discovery of the site has great value to the deep-going study of the features of the Western Zhou period archaeological culture in the Yangtze and Huihe valley within the Anhui region.

  4. 周德生教授治疗帕金森病开关现象的临床经验总结%Professor Zhou Desheng's clinical experience in the treatment of Parkinson's disease "switch phenomenon"

    丁瑞丛; 胡华; 袁雅洁; 李中


    主要介绍周德生教授对帕金森病开关现象的中医认识,以及辨证治疗帕金森病开关现象的临床经验。%This paper mainly introduces the understanding of Chinese medicine Professor Zhou Desheng on Parkinson's disease switch phenomenon ,and the clinical experience of syndrome differentiation and treatment of Parkinson disease switch phenomenon .

  5. Exploration on the Phenomenon of Human Sacrifice-Rising in Shang Dynasty and Declining in Zhou Dynasty%人祭习俗商盛周衰原因新探



    商代盛行的巫术观念是人祭广泛实行的思想根据;异族间文化冲突所引起的种族仇恨,使得商人大量杀害异族以祭祀神灵,是人祭习俗在商代盛行的现实根据。人祭习俗在周代呈现衰败的趋势,这一方面是由于先周时期,周人本无人祭习俗;另一方面是由于商末周初,周人进行思想文化大变革,提出"敬德保民"的口号,人的地位得到抬高。%That human sacrifice was popular in Shang Dynasty was firstly because Shang was a time at which the witchcraft were exceedingly worshipped-in everything.Secondly,The cultural conflict,racial hatred and the killing of other racial people have made human sacrifice a practical need at the time.That human sacrifice declined in Zhou Dynasty was firstly because the early period of Zhou didn't have any custom of human sacrifice.Secondly,in the early of Zhou and the end of Yin Dynasty,the Zhou people's thinking and culture have had a dramatic change: "We respect Gods,but we also need to be aware of people's needs";it caused the Person's status had improved.

  6. 西周金文构形特征探析%Structural Features of Inscriptions on Ancient Bronze Objects in Western Zhou Dynasty



    西周金文处于汉字体系的形成和发展时期。西周铜器铭文中图形文字向方块字体转变,偏旁部首增加并趋于成熟,汉字形体结构日益完善,形声结构迅速增长。对西周金文构形特征的考察能够深入了解文字发展变化的过程,从而有助于探求汉字的发展变化规律。%The inscriptions on ancient bronze objects in the Western Zhou Dynasty appeared in the times when Chinese character system formed and developed. In the inscriptions on bronze, the pictographic scripts changed to be square -shaped characters, character components increased and perfected, the form and structure were further perfect and the number of inscriptions rapidly increased. To investigate the structural features of inscriptions on ancient bronze objects will help deepen the understanding of the evolution of Chinese characters.

  7. Parentage determination of an isolated Yangtze finless porpoise population Neophocaena phocaenoides asiaeorientalis in the Yangtze Tian-e-Zhou Baiji National Natural Reserve based on molecular data

    XIA Junhong; ZHENG Jinsong; XU Limei; WANG Ding


    Reproductive behaviors are poorly known for the Yangtze finless porpoise Neophocaena phocaenoides asiaeorientalis. In this study, the parentage of an isolated Yangtze finless porpoise population inhabiting the Yangtze Tian-e-Zhou Baiji National Natural Reserve is determined by analysis of microsatellite loci and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) control region sequences, and the porpoise's reproductive behaviors are studied. Overall 4 full parentage assignments and additional 3 single parentage assignments were determined for the population of 23 individuals. The analysis shows that their estimated reproductive cycle is shorter than that reported previously and there probably exists an overlapping between gestation and lactation period. The study also shows that the female does not show fidelity to a particular male for breeding and vice versa, the oldest males did not monopolize mating and the dominance rank could not be so strict for the porpoise society. Moreover, the porpoise's mating pattern and relatedness among candidate parents are discussed here. These results provide important information for making guidelines of management and conservation for this protected population.

  8. The modern transformation of Shanghai from Zhou Xuan music%从周璇音乐看上海的近代变迁



    音乐不仅展现了音乐创造者、演奏者和欣赏者的思想内容和精神情怀,而且还深刻地反映了音乐存在的时空特点,是时代变迁的一种反映形式。周璇音乐是近代上海音乐的突出代表,其主演的诸多歌唱片和演唱的歌曲集中反映了上海的近代变迁,其现实主义的表现形式更为今天的艺术表演提供了保贵的借鉴。%The music not only demonstrates the ideological content and the spiritual mood of music creators, performers and the audience, but also profoundly reflects the spatial and temporal characteristics of the existence of music, is a reflection of changing times. Zhou Xuan's music is a prominent representative of modern Shanghai music, many songs reflects the modern transformation of Shanghai, provides the reference for today's art show.

  9. 中国第一部近代宪法-《鄂州约法》%The First Constitution in History of Modern China: E Zhou Provisional Constitution



    《鄂州临时约法》是民国时期湖北军政府制定的中国历史上第一个资产阶级近代民权宪法草案,它的人民立宪思想、民主立宪程序和突出的人权法案内容,为中国近代立宪主义树立了一个样板,在中国宪政史上居于开创性的历史地位。%"E Zhou Provisional constitution of the Republic of China" which was drawn by the Hubei Military Government of the Republic of China, is the first draft of modern constitution in the history of China. Its democratic ideology and procedure of constitutionalism, and its outstanding contents on human rights, had stood a magnificent model for the model of the modern constitutionalism in China. It holds an initiative position in the history of Chinese constitutional government.

  10. 略论商周俯身葬及其相关问题%On the Prone Burial and Related Issues of the Shang and Zhou Dynasties



    俯身葬是殷商墓葬中一种正常的埋葬方式,但在西周时期却急剧减少,且分布地域较为集中,墓主身份亦较低。这种变化状况与商周文化的差异有关,应是王朝更替之后所导致的文化变迁的反映。从西周俯身葬的情况来看,殷遗民入周后在政治、经济和宗教观念方面都受到了一定的冲击,他们在逐渐放弃一些固有的礼俗。%Prone burials were common in the late Shang Dynasty, but sharply declined in the Western Zhou Dynasty, with graves concentrated in certain areas and owned by people from low social class. The popularity of prone burials changing from the Shang Dynasty to

  11. Discussion on the Ideas of the Construction of Ethics of China Sports from Ethical Culture of Zhou and Qin Dynasties%从周秦伦理文化谈中国体育伦理构建思路



    The ethical culture of Zhou and Qin Dynasties is the core based on ritual culture of Zhou Dynasty, the assistance based on legal culture of Qin Dynasty and a kind of cultural form combining with ritual and legislation. The research on the ethical culture of Zhou and Qin Dynasties' function and significance to the construction of ethics of China sports was delved deeply, and the basic content and principle of the construction of ethics of China sports was put forward from macroscopic viewpoint.%周秦伦理文化是以周的礼文化为核心,以秦的法文化为辅助的,礼法相结合的一种文化形态.本研究深入挖掘周秦伦理文化对于中国体育伦理构建的作用和意义,并从宏观上提出中国体育伦理构建的基本内容和基本原则.

  12. 从《诗经》饮酒诗看周代的酒礼及酒德%Drinking Etiquette and Drinking Manner of the Zhou Dynasty from Drinking Poetry of The Book of Songs



    周代是我国造酒生产发展的重要时期,酒在人们的政治生活和宗教活动中的作用十分重要。《诗经》中有许多作品表现了周代的酿酒、饮酒等活动,这些诗篇的主旨反映出隆礼、重德的文化精神。其中“祭祀诗”反映出酒与周人宗教生活的关系,酒是沟通天人关系的重要媒体;“宴飨诗”直接描写王室贵族的饮宴活动,体现宗族团结、敦结亲情的礼义之道;“农事诗”表现周代春祈秋报的祭祀礼仪,以及酒的生产和使用情况;“谏酒诗”是对饮酒活动的规谏,体现周代酒德观念对生活和行事的约束作用。%the Zhou dynasty was an important period of liquor production development in China,the role of wine in the people’s political life and religious activities is very important.The Book of Songs has many works of Zhou dynasty wine,alcohol and other activities,purpose of these poems reflect the cultural spirit of moral value.The “ritual poem”reflects the relationship between wine and religious life of Zhou dynasty,the wine is an important communication media between man and nature.“Banquets directly depict the royal fami-lies of drinking poetry”,embodies clan unity and affection.“The ritual performance of Zhou dynasty impera-tive autumn spring agricultural production of poetry”,and wine production and use of“exhortation poetry”is for drinking activities against,embody restraint Zhou dynasty morality idea to live and act.

  13. Between Learning and Thought:Zhou Zuoren’ s Acceptance of Cultural Anthropology%在学术与思想之间:周作人对文化人类学的接受



    In Zhou Zuoren’ s structure of knowledge, cultural anthropology plays a quite important role. During his study in Japan, Zhou Zuoren came into contact with Greek mythology, from which he showed an in-terest in cultural anthropology.As an intellectual of enlightenment, Zhou Zuoren’ s acceptance of cultural an-thropology not only stemmed from academic appeals, but also from the deeper reason of thought.On the for-mer, cultural anthropology provided Zhou with theoretical resources for understanding fairy tales and for explo-ration of literary origin; in terms of the latter, cultural anthropology is both an instrument for him to dissect China’ s chronic social illnesses and a resource to resolve the problems about children.Reviewing the relation-ship between Zhou Zuoren and cultural anthropology can reflect how cultural anthropology was connected with learning and thought before and after the May 4th movement at the beginning of its spread in China.%在周作人的知识结构中,文化人类学占有十分重要的地位。留学日本期间,周作人接触到希腊神话,又因希腊神话对文化人类学产生兴趣。作为启蒙知识分子,周作人对文化人类学的接受不仅有着学术上的诉求,而且有着更深的思想因由。就前者而言,文化人类学为周作人解读童话故事、探究文学起源提供了理论资源;就后者而言,文化人类学既是周作人解剖中国社会痼疾的工具,也是解决儿童问题的主要依凭。对于周作人与文化人类学关系的梳理,可以反映出文化人类学知识在中国传播之初,如何与“五四”前后的学术、思想相勾连。

  14. The Witchcraft of Praying for Rain of the Sorceress in Shang and Zhou Dynasties%商周时期女巫祈雨巫术研究



    在以农耕生产为经济支柱且生产力不够发达的商周社会,风调雨顺往往意味着农业的丰收、人民生活的安康乃至国家政权的稳定,因此,祈雨禳灾成为当时最重要的宗教活动之一。商周时期的女巫在两大祈雨仪式雩祀和燎祭中发挥了十分重要的作用,但祈雨仪式中她们并不处于垄断地位,无论是女巫本身还是她们的祈雨巫术,都是可以被君主替代的。%The ceremony of praying for rain to eliminate the disaster has become one of the most impor‐tant religious activities because the rich rain often lead to the agricultural harvest and the stable life 、solid state power in Shang and Zhou Dynasties when is the farming production as the pillar of the economy and without advanced productivity .Sorceress play a very important role in the two rain praying ceremonies“Dancing Sacrifice” and“Fire Sacrifice”but without a monopoly position for the reasons that they can be replaced by monarch both themselves and their rain witchcraft .

  15. GuangZhou Comprehensive Transportation Development Strategy (2010-2020)%广州市综合交通发展战略(2010-2020)



    Being a national major city, GuangZhou needs to establish its comprehensive transportation development strategies.By introducing the regional transportation structure, traffic demand and supply in the urban areas, public transportation competitiveness, and traffic management system, this paper outlines the characteristics of urban traffic patterns and discusses the opportunities and challenges facing the city from the perspective of central district development and public transit service. Two key policies are developed emphasizing public transit and transportation infrastructure under the sustainable transportation development guidance for a sharing, efficient, green, and equality system. The paper proposes a transportation development strategy with concrete details that focus on integration, differentiation, collectiveness, and refinement.%为加快打造国家中心城市,广州市亟须制定相应的综合交通发展战略.从区域交通运输结构、城市交通供需态势、公共交通竞争力、交通管理机制四方面阐述了城市交通特征.重点从强化区域中心地位和建设现代公交都市角度分析了广州市城市交通面临的机遇与挑战.在构建"共享、畅达、绿色、公平"的和谐交通体系战略目标指引下,制定了交通设施引领和公共交通优先两大核心政策,并提出一体化、差异化、集约化和精细化四大交通战略及其具体内容.

  16. Indoor breeding Zhou Tetrastichus white moth pupation (former) cryopreservation of%室内繁育白蛾周氏啮小蜂化蛹(前)低温保存的探讨

    钮效东; 刘发邦; 王绍文; 冯敬奎; 谢广科; 李增磊; 谭翠朋


    Zhou Nie small white moth colony set in the fall webworm pupae in parasitic, their eggs, larvae, pupae and eggs are in the early pupa inside the host spent. In nature, the mature larvae overwinter in the host pupa. After many years of research we learned that the local white moth Zhou Tetrastichus developmental threshold temperature: 6.28℃ (6.28 ± 0.60) effective temperature is: 365.12 day--degrees (365.12 ± 15.56). Zhou Tetrastichus white moth pupation (front), 6 degrees of cold storage in the next, after 30 days; a bee on the effective temperature of 436.6 degrees.%白蛾周氏啮小蜂群集内寄生于美国白蛾蛹中,其卵、幼虫、蛹及产卵前期均在寄主蛹内度过。在自然界中,以老熟幼虫在寄主蛹内越冬。作者经多年研究得知,在当地白蛾周氏啮小蜂发育起点温度是:6.28℃(6.28±0.60);有效积温是:365.12日度(365.12±15.56)。白蛾周氏啮小蜂化蛹(前),在6℃的低温保存下,历经30天的时间;出蜂的有效积温为436.6日度。

  17. 军事地理环境与北宋时期秦州经济的发展特点%The Military Geographical Enviroment and The Economic Development Characteristics of Qin Zhou in Northern Song Dynasty



    The natural environment and the inhabited of ethnic minorities made the development of farming, forestry and animal husbandry in Qin Zhou During the Northern Song Dynasty, which made it became rich and populous areas in northwest china. However, The economic development in Qin Zhou was influenced by military geographic environments and many complex elements, presented its special characteristics: on the one hand ,the continuous invading by Tibetan and Xixia restrained the economic development of Qin Zhou. A large number trees was cut that broken the forest resource. Where Cultivated Land weaken the animal husbandry development .on the other hand, The soldiers and civilians in the area resettlement dynasty putting the exploited and the utihzed to the uncultivated land. The Officer and private trade made the areas appeared the sights of business prosperous.%北宋时期的秦州,自然环境、民族聚居使其农林牧业发达,成为西北富庶之地。然而,受军事地理环境诸多复杂因素的影响,秦州经济又呈现出自己的特点:一方面,吐蕃诸族和西夏的侵扰,抑制了秦州农业的可持续发展,大量采伐破坏了秦州的林木资源,土地的开垦削弱了畜牧业;另一方面,军民屯田使秦州的荒闲土地得到了开发和利用,官私贸易使秦州的商业一派繁荣景象,大量驻军使秦州酿酒业极其发达。

  18. Application of ERS in the Archaeological Prospecting of the Eastern Zhou City-site at Shangqiu%高密度电阻率法在商丘东周城址考古勘探中的应用

    高立兵; 阎永利; 底青云; 王若


    In the Shangqiu area, the Sino-Americal Colleborative Archaeological Team has carried out a series of researches on archaeological prospecting. In the spring of 1997, important achievements were obtained in the exploration of the Eastern Zhou city-site southwest of the seat of Shangqiu County by using ERS. In combination with voluminous documents, the present paper introduces this method as to its development, application in archaeology, apparatus equipment, data gathering and inversion imaging. Through studies it can be concluded that ERS has shown its effectiveness for prospecting rammed-ear thstructures in the sedimentary circumstances of the Shangqiu area. But at present its role in archaeological survey is still limited.

  19. 河南偃师商城18号东周墓%Tomb No. 18 of the Eastern Zhou Period on the Shang City-site in Yanshi, Henan



    In 1996, the Second Henan Archaeological Team, IA, CASS, excavated a tomb of the Eastern Zhou period in the northeast of the Shang city-site in Yanshi. The tomb is a rectangular earthen pit and features erected stakes around the pit. The wooden coffin contains a human skeleton in a flexed supine position. The funeral objects fall into two categories: pottery vessels and wooden ones. The former numbers six; and the latter, 13, poorer in condition. The tomb dates from the Spring-and-Autumn period and may be cultural remains of the "Shi clan." Its discovery has certain significance to studying the date and nature of the Shang city in Yanshi.

  20. Zhou Rudeng’s Edits on the History of Heart-Mind SchooI%周汝登对“心学之史”的编撰



    It is necessary to edit the history of Heart-Mind School ( Xin-Xue) during the Wanli period of Ming Dynasty for the orthodoxy problem faced by Wang School.Zhou Rudeng did a lot of contributions in this aspect, including writing Wang Men Zong Zhi, Sheng Xue Zong Chuan, and Cheng Men Wei Zhi.Wang Men Zong Zhi ensured the orthodox position of Wang Ji in Wang School;Sheng Xue Zong Chuan guaranteed the orthodox position of Wang School of this kind in the Confucian tradition;while Cheng Men Wei Zhi discussed the position of Cheng Brothers in the orthodox genealogy.In fact, these three works show us a history of the Heart-Mind School characterized by emphasizing both xin ( heart-mind) and shi ( history) in light of the or-thodox perspective.%明代王学发展至万历时期,必须面对儒家道统地位的问题,作为道统叙事形式的“心学之史”之编撰因此十分必要。王学学者周汝登为此作出了不遗余力的努力,其中包括《王门宗旨》《圣学宗传》以及《程门微旨》等篇幅大小不一的著述。《王门宗旨》树立王畿一系学说思想在王门中的正统地位,而《圣学宗传》主要树立起这样的“王学”在儒学中的正统地位,《程门微旨》则是对正统谱系中如何安置“二程”的一个重要的补充说明。现在前人零散且不充分的研究基础上,具体而细致地考察这三部书的编撰理路及其功用、效果等,由此展示王门心学道统观之下的“心学之史”的心、史并重和交融的特色。

  1. Farming of Guanzhong in Zhou Royal Period Evidenced in The Book of Songs%《诗经》所见周秦关中农事

    陈正奇; 高谨


    《诗经》是我国第一部诗歌总集,从各个方面描绘了西周至春秋时期的社会和生活状况。其中,农事诗占有重要地位,它涉及到农业生产的各个方面,既有认识层面的问题,也有操作层面的问题。但由于年代久远,加之资料有限,很多问题至今仍存争议。诸如农事发端,农作物名称的变化,粟、稷、禾、黍究竟指的是什么;再如生产工具的变迁,耒和耜是不是同一种生产农具;耦耕是怎样一种耕作方式等。文章仅就上述问题,作物品种类属,生产工具类别,耕作方法的种类作以论述,以求对见诸《诗经》的关中农业有一表象的认识。%The Book of Songs (Shijing) is the first collection of poetry in China ,which offers a panoramic depiction of life and society of the Zhou and the Periods of Spring and Autumn .One impressive aspect of the poems is the emphasis on farming life ,the accounts of w hich concern both the notions and the opera‐tions of farming .Up till now ,due to the long span of time and the limited availability of references ,there still remain many disputable issues in terms of the beginning of farming ,the changes in naming crops ,the exact referents by the w ords“su ,ji ,he ,shu” ,the evolutions of farming tools ,such as the identification of “lai”and“lü” ,and the method by“ougeng” .Ours is an attempt to address the above-mentioned issues in terms of classification of crops ,farming tools ,tillage methods as evidenced in T he Book of Songs .

  2. 周文泉运用当归六黄汤治疗多汗证经验%Experience of ZHOU Wen-quan in treating hyperhidrosis by using Danggui Liuhuang Tang

    张晋; 辛莉


    周文泉教授是第4批全国老中医药专家学术继承指导老师,从医40余年,对老年病治验颇丰,尤其在遣方用药方面,独具匠心,辨析周师活用当归六黄汤治疗多汗证,灵活运用泻火、固表、滋阴3方面药物,将主治阴虚盗汗名方,广泛应用于暑湿、气虚多汗证,取得了较好的疗效.%Professor ZHOU Wen-quan is famous veteran expert in TCM. He has plenty of experience and notable curative effect in treating senile diseases, especially in distinctively using formulas and Chinese herbal medicine. This article analysis how professor ZHOU to use Dang Gui Liu Huang Tang in treating hyperhidrosis, which not only in yin-deficiency syndrome night sweat as usual, but also in summer-heat and dampness syndrome sweet, qi-deficiency syndrome spontaneous sweat and the efficiency is good.

  3. 周仲瑛教授防治病毒感染性疾病学术思想探析(二)%On Academic Thought of Professor ZHOU Zhong-ying About Preventing and Treating Virus-infected Disease Ⅱ

    郭立中; 金妙文; 王志英; 周学平; 叶放; 朱垚; 金路; 李柳


    国医大师周仲瑛教授根据传染性非典型肺炎(SARS)具有潜伏期、病情重、传变快、成年人多发等特点,认为该病是先有伏毒在肺,后因新感而引发,并按三焦传变分为早、中、极、恢复期等4期进行辨治.对甲型H1N1流感的预防,周老提出重在芳香宣透、辟秽化浊,并分为大众及密切接触者2个层次,分别采用中药香囊及汤剂区别对待.%According to the characteristics of Severe acute respiratory syndromes (SARS) like incubation period, heavy condition, fast progressing and adult attack, Professor ZHOU Zhong-ying holds the opinion that it is due to latent pathogens in lung, caused by new exopathogenic invasion, and develops through triple energizers. He diagnoses this disease according to early, intermediate, advanced and recovery stages. For the prevention of Pandemic influenza A (N1H1), Professor ZHOU Zhong-ying lays emphasis on removing dampness and regulating qi with fragrant herbs. Meanwhile, the public and close contacts are treated with TCM sachet and decoction respectively.

  4. Zhou Zuo-ren's View on Nature and The Literary Mind and Carving of Dragons%周作人的“自然”观与《文心雕龙》



    "自然"在周作人的文学批评中占据着核心位置。它既是对以《文心雕龙》为代表的传统文论的继承,又经过了具有现代意义和个性的改造。文章旨在厘清二者之间既有相同之处,又存在显著差异的复杂关系,阐明现代文学批评与传统文论之间割舍不断的历史连续性。%"Nature"occupies a core position in Zhou Zuo-ren's literary criticism.It is the succession of traditional literary theory represented by The Literary Mind and Carving of Dragons,also refined by Zhou Zuo-ren.This paper aims to clear up the complex relation

  5. 周作人《过去的生命》中“人的文学”观的体现%On the Ideas of“Human Literature” in Zhou Zuo-ren’s The Past Li f e



    在“五四”文学革命期间,周作人提出了“人的文学”的重要文学命题,与此同时,周作人还创作了诗集《过去的生命》中的诗歌。《过去的生命》主要体现了周作人“人的文学”观中的三方面重要内容:“人道主义为本”、“个人主义的人间本位主义”、“求生意志”和“求胜意志”。%During the literary revolution of May Fourth Movement ,Zhou Zuo-ren proposed an im-portant literary proposition ,i e. .“human literature” .Meanwhile ,Zhou created his poems collected in The Past Life .This collection mainly embodies three important aspects in Zhou’s ideas of“human lit-erature” ,i e. .“with humanitarianism first” ,“worldly selfish departmentalism out of individualism” ,“survival will” and“winning will” .

  6. 商周时期原始瓷的中子活化分析及相关问题讨论%INAA of Shang-Zhou Period Proto-porcelain and a Discussion of Related Problems

    陈铁梅; Rapp G.Jr.; 荆志淳


    Previously the authors studied proto-porcelain samples from early and middle Shang sites (Wucheng, Zhengzhou, Jingnansi, Panlongcheng and Tonggushan) by means of instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA) . The results showed them to have a similar chemical composition pattern, which suggested that these proto-porcelain shards might have been produced in the same area around Wucheng. In the present paper, the authors report their new analysis on proto-porcelain shards from sites of middle Shang to early Zhou times (Xiaoshuangqiao, Anyang Yinxu, Zhouyuan, Liulihe and Zhangjiapo). For the samples later than the middle Yinxu period, new composition patterns are detected, which indicates diversity in their provenance. The significantly lower Fe2O3 and lower Tio2 contents of these later samples demonstrate the advance of then proto-porcelain industry. Two samples from Zhouyuan with Al2O3 contents higher than 25% seem to suggest that in addition to porcelain stone other materials might also have been used in proto-porcelain production in the Western Zhou period.

  7. Intemet-Based Analysis on Wedding Dress Brand Building in Su Zhou%基于互联网平台的苏州婚纱品牌创建之探析



    Currently, wedding dress industry in Su Zhou has been developing with problems like brand confusion, different qualities of products, fierce competition and lack of brand awareness. Wedding dress businesses shall be aware of building brands and operate brand marketing to better boost the feature industry in Su Zhou. In addition, according to reality, companies shaLl make full use of opportunities offered by the intemet, choose the proper pattern to develop brands and create famous brands.%当前,苏州婚纱产业在发展过程中存在着品牌混乱、产品良莠不齐,竞争激烈,众多婚纱企业缺乏品牌意识等问题。为了更好地将这苏州特色产业进行发展,婚纱企业应树立品牌意识。注重创建婚纱品牌,开展品牌营销。同时,在创建品牌过程中,苏州的婚纱企业应根据各自的实际,充分利用互联网带来的各种机遇,选择正确的品牌创建方式,争创名牌。

  8. 兰州农村面源污染现状及防治对策分析%The Analysis of the Rural Non-point Source Pollution Situation and Countermeasures in Lan Zhou City

    桂洪杰; 赵军平; 杜海霞; 张君弟; 刘佳


    文中在兰州统计年鉴的基础上,根据面源污染来源,分析了农业、畜牧业、生产和生活活动的危害,初步估算了主要面源污染物的流失量。并根据兰州市农村具体情况提出了相应的保护和控制措施,旨在为解决农村面源污染问题和保护农村生态环境提供借鉴。%In this paper,on the basis of Lan Zhou statistical yearbook,We analyzed the dangers of agriculture,animal husbandry,production activities and life activities according to the sources of rural non-point pollution,and then,we preliminary estimate the loss of the main non-point pollutant.In order to Provide reference for solving the problem of non-point pollution and the rural ecological environment protection,we put forward the corresponding protection and control measures,according to the specific situation of Lan Zhou countryside.

  9. Date identification of the Zhouji materials during the period of King Xin--The chronology Solving method of oracle boneS and bronzes in the Shang and Zhou dynasties

    LI; Yong(李勇)


    By identifying the dates of the Zhouji materials (one kind of oracle bone) during the period of King Xin (also called Zhou the last monarch in Shang Dynasty), this paper establishes a new "Direct Solving Method" (DSM) to solve the chronology problems in the Shang and Zhou dynasties. The mathematical models are more suitable for those materials with the Ganzhi (the Heavenly Stems and Earthly Branches, the Chinese ancient date recorded method being of the 60-day cycle, that the repetitive cycle is independent of any astronomical parameter, each day within this cycle has its own name and can also be expressed by the numbers from l to 60) record of the date, lunar month, and their year intervals and all of them are in history documents, oracle bones and bronze vessels. For example, taking the 12 Zhouji materials in the period of King Xin,we derive the two best results of the first year when Xin assumed the reins of government in probably 1063 BC or 1052 BC.

  10. 14C Chronological Framework in the "Xia-Shang-Zhou Chronology Project"%夏商周断代工程中的碳十四年代框架

    仇士华; 蔡莲珍


    The reliable dates Chinese historians recorded begin only from 841 BC. For the prehistoric chronology, radiocarbon dating has been an important method; but for historic times, it is difficult to determine the dates of objects and events. Recently, the technique of radiocarbon dating has been greatly improved by raising its precision and by adopting the high-precision 14C-dendrochronology curve and AMS 14C method, owing to which as well as the progress of archaeology it is hopeful to establish today the framework of Xia-Shang-Zhou chronology. By using a liquid scintillation counter with the measuring error less than 3‰ for conventional radiocarbon dating and wiggle-matching with calibration-curve, our dating group has achieved gratifying results for the chronological study of the Three Dynasties. The basis of the chronological framework is estabilished through radiocarbon dating of the series of samples excavated from many well-known sites. Finally, the radiocarbon chronological framework and corresponding table of the Xia, Shang and Zhou dynasties are acquired through synthetical study.

  11. A Look into Zhou Qufei's Empirical Spirits and Cognition Lmitations Based on "Ling Wai Dai Da"%从《岭外代答》看周去非的实证精神及认识局限



    周去非的《岭外代答》不仅追溯历史,引经据典,还留心日常生活,记录耳闻目睹,对民风民俗亲自考证,表现出可贵的实证精神。然而,记录民俗也有主观臆断、轻率推理与缺乏理性之处。其中,表现出对少数民族风俗的鄙夷、对少数民族彪悍易杀性格的夸大等,都与时代的局限和周去非个人的身份及地位有关。%"Ling Wai Dai Da", by Zhou Qufei gives an account of his quoting the classics and tracing history as well as his attention to the daily life, the record of what he had witnessed or heard about, and his empirical studies on folk customs. However, the record of folk customs contains some subjective assumptions, haste inference and lack of rational reflections, which are embodied in the disdain and misinterpretation for the ethnic folk customs and exaggeration of the fierceness of the ethnic people. These are all associated with the times and the individual identity and status of Zhou Qufei.

  12. Research on Zhou Enlai's Personal Charisma and the Shaping of Youth College Students' Personality%周恩来的人格魅力与青年大学生的人格塑造研究



    Among the CCP leaders,Zhou Enlai possesses the most attractive personal charisma undoubtedly.His lofty benevolence, righteousness,intelligence and courage,as well as extraordinary magnanimity and talent,epitomize the excellent quality of Chinese communists and the Chinese nation.Zhou Enlai's personality thought is of great realistic guiding significance to the training and shaping of contemporary college students' personality.%在中国共产党的领袖群体中,周恩来的人格无疑是最具魅力的。他大仁大义,大智大勇,具有超凡的气度和才华,集中体现了中国共产党人和中华民族的优秀品质。周恩来的人格思想对当代大学生人格素质的培养与塑造,具有极为重要的现实指导意义。

  13. The Political Bias:A Study of the Communication Ideas of the Scholars in the Eastern Zhou Dynasty%政治的偏向:东周诸子传播思想研究



    The scholars,who all happened to give priority to the oral culture in the Eastern Zhou Dynasty, found out the truth and communication ideas in the oral media,displaying obviously a kind of general political concern. In other words,the scholars in the Eastern Zhou Dynasty,from the standpoint of the countries,tried to turn themselves into the“speakers”of the political thought while attaching the ethical stipulations and moral norms to the oral communication. These scholars as the main body of the political communication are found to be extraordinarily pious and awed to the oral culture,which not only witnesses the rational spirit and the practical effectiveness of oral communication,but displays the political bias that could be trusted and tolerated as well. The insight into the scholars’“bite of politics”in the Eastern Zhou Dynasty will be of great benefit to the strate-gic choice of contemporary media communication and the cultural construction of political communication.%在东周,诸子都不约而同地倚重口传文化。他们在口传媒介中发现真理与传播思想,并明显呈现出一种普遍的政治关怀。换言之,东周诸子基于国家的立场,力图把自己变成政治思想的“说话人”,并对口头传播赋予严格的伦理规约与道德规范。作为政治传播主体的东周诸子对口传文化非同寻常地虔诚与敬畏,它不仅见证口头传播的理性精神与实践效力,还表现出被信赖与宽容的政治偏向。洞悉东周诸子“舌尖上的政治”有补于当代新媒体传播的策略选择以及政治传播的文化建设。

  14. To Converse with the “World”:Ecological Interpretation of Zhou Tao’s Prose%与“世界”对话--周涛散文的生态学阐释



    As a representative of “west prose”, Zhou Tao frees prose from his “own garden” and “social cage” in the natural sceneries he depicts in his works, which greatly enlarges the “world” presented in prose. From ecological point of view, Zhou Tao’s prose on the one hand collectively shows the wounds and sicknesses of the natural world that has been “dominated” by humans, on the other depicts a bleak picture of human spirit in modern times. Faced with the double challenge of survival, Zhou Tao keeps resisting the process of “world visualizing” with an artistic thinking, and actively takes a dialogue attitude to break the conlfict between humans and nature, which embellishes his prose with a power of “returning”.%作为“西部散文”的代表,周涛借助他所描写的西部自然,将散文从“自己的园地”和“社会的牢笼”中解放出来,极大地扩展了散文所表现的“世界”。从生态学角度来看,周涛的散文一方面集中展示了人类“主宰”下自然世界的千疮百孔,另一方面也描绘出一幅现代人精神上的荒凉图景。在生存的双重危机面前,周涛在散文中以一种艺术的思维抵抗着“世界的图像化”进程,并主动以对话的态度去打破人与自然的对立使得周涛的散文表现出一种“回归”的力量。

  15. 个人主义视域下的“人情物理”观——30年代周作人个人主义与儒家思想研究之一%Human Feelings and Common Sense from the Perspective of Individualism —A Study on the Relationship Between Zhou Zuoren's Individualism and the Confucianism



    The study on the relationship between Zhou Zuoren's individualism and the Confucianism can reveal the overall state of Zhou Zuoren's idea and the problems in the 1930's.In the view of individualism,Zhou Zuoren achieved the modern interpretation of traditional ideas through rational interpretation of the Confucianism and sorting out the origins and the content of human feelings and common sense.However,it is also exposed that his individualism was far from the social reality.Hence the unique view of Zhou Zuoren's idea in the 1930's.%对周作人个人主义思想与儒家思想关系的考察能够深入把握30年代周作人思想的整体状况及其存在问题。在个人主义的价值视域中,周作人对儒家唯理主义的阐释,对人情物理内涵及源流的爬梳,实现了其对传统思想观念的现代阐释,但也充分暴露出其个人主义思想脱离社会现实的文化困境。这构成了30年代周作人思想的独特景观。

  16. 周禮與《小雅》部分詩篇的創作%Rites of the Zhou Period and the Creation of Some Works in the Book of Songs:“Xiao Ya” 《小雅》



    A part of works in The Book of Songs:“Little Refined” ( or“Xiao Ya” by trans-literation) 《詩經·小雅》 arc closely related to rites of that time. Studies of these works will give us inspiration to understand the background of their creation, reveal their original meanings and correct mistakes in their interpretation. The present paper expounds a number of songs relative to rites of“asking policy formulators for providing for the ages,” going to the court, giving banquets and behaving in the army, and thus shows the relationship between songs and rites of the Zhou period and the important significance of the two things in their mutuai interpretation.

  17. A Brief Analysis of the Literary Views Reflected in Zhou Dunyi’s Rationalism Philosophy%简析周敦颐理学思想中的文学观



    周敦颐是北宋时期著名的理学家,他继承了“圣贤不传之学”,在诗学上同意孔子“诗可以兴”的观点,在创作上以“廉”为主要内容,反对“每会即作诗”,追求有文有行,文道并重。%Zhou Dunyi, a famous rationalist in the earlier Song Dynasty, inherited the Confucian philosophy never found in the world. He accepts Confucius poetics about“poems are purported to express one’s emotion.”and integrity is the main content of his creation. He objects to“making poems whenever there is an assembly”, and proposes that writing should be a genuine reflection of one’s action, and both contentand form weigh identically in literary creation.

  18. On the Role Played by Zhou Zuoren in the Exchange of Modern Japanese and Chinese Vocabulary%周作人在中日两国词汇交流中的作用和影响



    近代中国人是如何认识日语的?他们对日语的认知对中日近代词汇的交流产生了怎样的影响?考察这些问题具有重要的意义。同时,身为北京大学早期教授、新文化运动的骨干成员之一的周作人,因在“五四运动”时期发表了数量众多的关于新文化运动理论建设的文章而在近代中国社会产生了广泛的影响,因此他对日语的认知具有一定的代表性和较大的影响力。另一方面,周作人曾到日本留学多年,后又娶日本女子为妻,并翻译了数十部日本文学作品。受这种特殊的学习、生活经历的影响,不仅使周作人对日语具有很深的造诣,而且也促成了他对日本语言文字比较深刻和全面的认知。鉴于此,本文主要以周作人为考察对象,通过整理、分析他对日本语言文字的认知情况以及对日语汉字词的使用状况,探讨他在中日两国近代词汇交流过程中所发挥的作用与影响。%How do modern Chinese understand the Japanese language? What kind of influence does their cognition of Japanese language have on the exchange of modern Japanese and Chinese vocabulary? An investigation of these questions is of great significance. As a professor at Peking University in its early history and one of the key members of the new culture movement, Zhou Zuoren published a large number of articles on the theoretical construction of the new culture movement during the“May Fourth Movement”. In this way, Zhou has had a profound impact on modern Chinese society, but it is also the case that his understanding of Japanese has had a certain influence on his work. In particular, Zhou Zuoren went to study in Japan for many years. Later he married a Japanese woman and translated dozens of works of Japanese literature. Influenced by this special education and life experience, Zhou Zuoren not only has a deep understanding of Japanese language, but also has an

  19. 交流与争鸣:记中外学者关于夏商周年代的一场论战%Exchange and Debate:A Polimic on Xia-Shang-Zhou Chronology among Chinese and Foreign Scholars



    Two panels discussing the absolute dates of the Xia, Shang, and Zhou eras were held in the annual meeting of the Association of Asian Studies in Washington, April, 2002. The panels focused on five major aspects, which are:whether the chronological results are affected by current politics; the difficulty in the integration of historical documents and archaeological evidences; the reliability of the fitting of radiocarbon dates; different perpectives on the "Current Text" Bamboo Annals; and finally the question of morality in scholarship. The present paper reports the origin and development of these debates and the processes of discussion during the annual meeting. Moreover,it discusses the sources of divergence between the Chinese and foreign scholars on the chronology of Three Dynasties.

  20. XiangZhou area small and medium-sized rivers valley mountain in the project implementation plan%襄州区中小河流治理峪山项目区实施方案



    Xiangyang city XiangZhou area pick to: analysis the necessity of small and medium-sized rivers, dredging, bank management, ecological restoration and landscape greening, drainage connected, pollution treatment and long-term management measures, implement chang river, clear water, green and beautiful scene.%分析襄阳市襄州区中小河流治理的必要性,采取清淤疏浚、岸坡整治、生态修复、景观绿化、水系连通、污染治理、长效管护等措施,实现河畅、水清、岸绿、景美的目标。

  1. 周代策命的礼仪背景及文体特点%The Ceming Text in the Zhou Dynasty:Its Ritual Background and Stylistic Features



      周代策命是周天子策封赏赐诸侯或臣下的仪式上使用的实用文体,一般在太庙举行策命仪式时颁布,见证者为傧者,宣读者多为内史,有时是尹氏或其他史官。周代策命形成稳定的体制,通常包括封赏的原因、具体的赏赐及教导与勉励三部分。周代策命语言诚挚恳切,语气温润亲切,典雅舒缓,成为后世策命文体模仿的典范。%Ceming(策命)is the genre of text used by the king of the Zhou Dynasty at the investiture ceremonies,which was usually held at the ancestry temple. Serving as the document of investiture, the text should be witnessed and announced by some influential court officials such as binzhe(傧者), neishi(内史),and yinshi(尹氏). Having developed into a stable genre,the ceming text in the Zhou Dynasty mainly consisted of the following three parts:why this investiture should take place;what was conferred;and what the beneficiary was expected to do. The wording of ceming text is sincere,re-fined,and natural,making a classical model for the later generations.

  2. Discussion about Several Pieces of Curious Furniture of Shang-Zhou Dynasty Found from Literature%文献所见几种稀见商周家具略论



    “由于使用方式与礼仪的不同,商周时期的家具与现在的家具呈现出显著的差异,若想对其系统研究就必须充分考虑当时的社会环境与状况。在记叙商周社会的主要文献中可以找出许多有关于家具使用规范和形制的记载,其中可能有一些因失传或后人理解的问题而忽略了其作为家具的研究价值。如黼依、皇邸、桁、簨、虡、箙、楅等。本文现将这一部分资料做初步的整理,以便后续研究的进行。%The furniture style during Shang-Zhou period appeared remarkably difference, because of the differences of functions and rites of culture towards furniture when compare with our modern life. To do the research systemically requires experts consider the social atmosphere and situation in that period. There are many using standards and styles records of furniture, which could be found in some historical literatures that described the society in Shang-Zhou period. However, since the time fraction was so far away from now and dynastic historians personal understanding, some valued parts for furniture research has lost or been hidden in the minority of these literatures. Such as fuyi, huangdi, heng, sun, ju, fu, bi etc. This research contributes to collect the missing part of the literatures, and classify these parts initially. Consequently, it will provide a systemic and detailed guidance towards the future research.

  3. 东周时期高经密织锦的丝织技术研究%Research on silk weaving techniques of brocade with high warp density in Eastern Zhou period



    This paper deeply discusses ancient silk weaving techniques through researches of duplicate practice on fabric construction, loom setting process and weaving process, taking "hunting grain brocade" with a high warp density in the Eastern Zhou period unearthed in Jingan, Jiangxi, thereby revealing the key technology and scientific value of its brocade with the highest warp density so far, 240 per centimeter. It not only demonstrates the existence of brocade with a high warp density of 240 per centimeter, but also quotes that this process can produce brocade with a wide width and high warp density through duplicate practice. This research result effectively explains that exquisite techniques for weaving high-density brocade have been possessed in the Eastern Zhou period of ancient China, adding a new page for Chinese ancient brocade.%以江西靖安大墓出土的东周时期高经密织锦“狩猎纹锦”为例,通过织物结构、织机装造工艺及织造工艺等复制实践研究,展开对古代丝织技术的深度探讨,从而揭示其240根/cm迄今为止最高经密织锦的关键技术和其科学价值.通过复制实践,不仅证实了240根/cm高经密经锦的存在,还可引证该工艺可织出宽幅高经密经锦,这一研究成果有力地说明中国古代的东周时期已拥有了织造高密度织锦的精湛技术,为中国古代织锦增添新的一页.

  4. 东周园林:从重礼到审美的嬗变%Gardens in East-Zhou Dynasty:The Transformation from Evaluating Etiquettes to Appreciating Aesthetics



    东周园林建筑的变化体现了其时园林审美艺术从重德到审美的嬗变。通过以园林建筑中“台”以及园林位置的变化点明东周园林由原有的儒家礼制思维,转向了道家的美学思维,园林的功用也随之在单一的政教功利性中融入了主体的审美愉悦性,从而对传统中国人人格的丰满产生了极大作用,既积极入世,但又不会走向偏执;在现世中有所为,但又拥有一个极洵烂至美的艺术世界。%The ever-changing of gardens in East-Zhou dynasty had reflected the transformation from evaluating etiquettes to appreciating aesthetics. By analyzing alters among other landscape architectures and various locations of the gardens, this paper points out that in the course of turning from the ritual of Confucianism to the aesthetics of Taoism, the aesthetic pleasure of the subjects had been blended into the function of East-Zhou gardens which used to be merely utilized for religion and government. As a result, the transformation plaid a very important role to enrich the personality of Chinese people, that is, to actively participate in the society without paranoid, and to do something in reality with a beautiful artistic world.

  5. From Personality Advocation to Repressed Anger Some Opinion on Zhou Zuoren's View of Literary History%从个性的提倡到压抑的愤懑——周作人文学史观管窥



    中国文化,在周作人看来,是无性的文化,缺乏情趣的文化,是于生命成长、生机勃勃上,即个性发育上欠缺的文化。他输入歌咏儿童的文学,提倡“梦想的精神”,主张适当地禁欲,并指出婚姻生活中“爱是移动的”,需夫妻双方不断地创造。就一个人的教育而言,他非常重视性的知识,于当时的复古颇盛的文化风气中坚持自己的个性。到了20世纪30年代,周作人开始了由个性的提倡到压抑的愤懑时期。他所面临的是中国资本主义高度发展的时代,感慨于除却忍从屈服,生活总是为家族制度、阶级制度、资本制度、知识买卖制度而牺牲。在这一时期,周作人的文学史观、文学观也逐渐地完善,指出中国历史上晋文里开始增加了小品文的色彩,初现具有个性色彩的文学。%According to Zhou Zuoren, Chinese culture is asexual culture and lacking in taste and is a person- ality development of defective culture on the vibrant life and growth. He imported literature of singing children, promoted the spirit of the dream and advocated appropriate abstinence, pointing out love is moving in the marriage and both spouses need to create endlessly. He thought highly of sex knowledge in terms of personal education, sticking to his own personality in the culture trend of the prevalent antiquity. To the thirties, Zhou Zuoren changed from the period of personality advocating to repressed anger. He is facing an era of prosperous Chinese capitalism, sighing that except for tolerance and yielding life is always sacrificed for the domestic institution, the caste system, the capital system and the knowledge trading sys- tem. During this period, Zhou Zuoren's literary historical theory, literary concept is gradually improved and pointed out that essays have appeared in the history of China Jin-wen, which is the beginning of litera- ture with personalized colors.

  6. 周敦颐与“二程”的文学特点比较%Make a Study of Literary Character on the Zhou Dun-yi and Two Scholars of Surname Cheng



      Zhou Dunyi's gentleman personality took shape not only from his morality and behavior, but also being closely related his experiences of traveling, writing and art appreciation. The latter might have had equal if not greater influences. Article of Lotus love is a symbol of realizing his personality of elegancy. It is one of the best literature. Zhou's poems are known as sincere, elegant, vigorous and straightforward in the structure of Song Dynasty’s poetry. Zhou's personality and his heart of literature and poetry directly influenced Cheng Hao. Not only he acted like a mentor but he also sculptured Cheng as a poet with great success. Cheng Hao was a poet among Taoists that understood deeply about the spirit of natural scenes. Although his poetry usually contained mocking or bantering which lowered the beauty of it. The influences of Chengyi's personality restricted his love for literatures and arts. He indulged in Tao, with little polish of literature, his observation of literature and art was very shallow and unbalanced. He also rejected rhetoric literature or the expression of art. He didn't understand much art and lacked the experience of aesthetic judgment. He didn't have the experience in writing, nor could he have any understanding about himself, not mention to overtake himself. Therefore he could not go into the status of art appreciation but only remains in joking around.%  周敦颐的“君子人格”形成,既有其道德修养、立身行事的影响,也与徜徉山水,从事文学创作,通艺术,善审美的陶冶性情有关,而后者的影响不亚于前者。《爱莲说》是其人格外化的标志,风格清雅,是一流的文学艺术作品。他的诗歌以“真”、“清”、“劲”、“直”为特色,参与了宋诗风格的构建。周敦颐的性情和文心、诗心直接影响了程颢,不仅传其道,而且将程颢塑造成了诗人,使其取得了较大的成就。程颢是道学家中深

  7. 新疆博州地区土地利用变化及驱动力分析%Analysis of Land Use/Cover Change and Driving Force on Bo Zhou of Xinjiang Province Zone

    杜倩; 王勇辉


    The land use structure and the quality of land resource change constantly, because ot the natural factors and human factors, which results in the variation of the regional ecological environment and global environment. This article used the data of the land utilization in BoZhou of Xinjiang province from 2001 to 2009 to analyze its dynamic change. The conclusion is that farmland and land for household, industry, traffic and water conservancy facilities have increased in varying changes, while garden and grassland area have decreased. Afterwards, the social driving forces of the variation of land area in BoZhou were ana- lyzed quantitatively by analyzing the related data of social economy development, by the means of principal component analysis. We concluded that the adjustment of agricultural structure, economic development, production benefit, political and economic policies are main social driving forces causing variation of land u- tilization and the first industry is still in a dominant position.%由于受自然因素与人文因素的影响,土地利用结构以及土地资源质量不断变化,从而引起区域生态环境和全球环境的变化。文章运用新疆博州2000--2009年土地利用数据,分析其土地利用的动态变化情况,发现耕地、居民点及工矿用地、交通用地、水利设施都有不同程度的增加,园地与牧草地的面积有所减少。接着运用博州社会经济发展状况有关数据和主成分分析法对博州地区面积变化的社会驱动力作定量分析,总结出农业结构的调整、经济发展、农业生产效益、政治经济政策这4个因素是引起博州土地利用变化的主要社会驱动力因子,且第一产业仍然处于主导地位。

  8. The Epidemiological Investigation of DeZhou City’s Chronic Renal Failure Patients with Nervous Centralis Damige%德州市慢性肾衰竭中枢神经损害的流行病学调查



    objective To acquaintance the epidemiological investigation of nervous centralis damige of De Zhou City’s chronic renal failure patients(the CKD 5 period patients in maintenance hemodialysis) so as to develop the Clinical diagnosis and treatment level of this disease. Method To retrospective analysis the De Zhou City’s chronic renal failure patients with nervous centralis damige. Result The age, primary disease, serum creatinine, blood urea nitrogen, hemoglobin, carbon dioxide binding force, application of cephalosporin etc was statisticaly significant with the control group. Conclusion Diabetic nephropathy, high level of toxin, anemia, metabolic acidosis, using cephalosporins was independent risk factors of central nerve damage of chronic renal failure patients with in Dezhou city.%目的:了解德州市慢性肾衰竭合并中枢神经系统损害的流行病学状况,提高对此病的临床诊疗水平。方法对我院慢性肾衰竭(CKD5期已行血液透析)合并中枢神经系统损害患者病例资料进行回顾性分析。结果德州市慢性肾衰竭中枢神经损害患者年龄、原发病、血肌酐、血尿素氮、血红蛋白、二氧化碳结合力、应用头孢菌素等与对照组有统计学差异(P<0.05)。结论糖尿病肾病、毒素水平高、贫血、代谢性酸中毒、应用头孢菌素等是德州市慢性肾衰竭中枢神经损害患者的独立危险因素。

  9. Realistic Criticism and Historical Criticism of Thinkers in the Zhou and Qin Dynasties%论周秦诸子的现实批判与历史批判



    Thinkers in the Zhou and Qin Dynasties cared about social reality and history. They took social reality as the base of their thoughts and took wisdom from history. Although their works published in different periods had different language styles, political views and contents, they all combined social reality and history together. Their real-istic criticism included historical criticism and historical criticism included realistic criticism. Discussion of realistic criticism and historical criticism of thinkers in the Zhou and Qin Dynasties is of significance for us to understand so-cial reality and historical tendency.%周秦诸子作为密切关注现实的思想家,以现实为思想的立足点与出发点,以历史为智慧的源泉与立论的依据。他们立足今天而反思过去,古今联系而相互比照,换位思考而得出结论,以史为据而抨击时弊。周秦诸子之书虽然成书年代不同,语言风格各异,政治主张有别,论述内容各有侧重;但多为论议时政而发,“博古”与“通今”紧密结合,于现实的批判中隐含对历史的批判,于历史的批判中贯穿对现实的批判,把现实批判与历史批判融为一体。我们探讨周秦诸子的现实批判与历史批判,把握其思想大义与理论精髓,对于认识社会现实与体察历史大势,有着重要启示与鉴戒意义。

  10. 从两周军事铭文用词看中国古代早期的军事文化%Military Culture of Early Ancient China Reflected in Military Inscriptions of Eastern and Western Zhou Dynasty



    War is the continuation of politics. The military inscriptions of Eastern and Western Zhou Dynasty represented by "the most important state affairs are sacrifice and warfare" indicate the process of sprout and development of original "humanity" values. From the wording of inscriptions then, one thing is clear that there is inheritance as well as obvious changes about warfare concept from Yin Dynasty and Shang Dynasty, namely sacrifice in wars became much more convenient, which aims at consolidating the souls of soldiers. The detailed psychological description paid more attention to the existence and performance of warfare subject as well as the standardization and rationalization of military organization, the specific matters of military management, the warfare efficiency and safeguard, which exemplifies the safety of rights and lives have been strengthened. All those demonstrate along with the escalation of warfare intension in Eastern and Western Zhou Dynasty, the original "humanity" values and the ideology of "cautious resorts to arms" have been further developed and featured.%战争是政治的延续。“国之大事在祀在戎”时代的两周军事铭文揭示了原始“人本”观念的萌芽、发展历程。从其铭文用词可以看出从殷商到两周时期,战争观念有继承,也有较大的改变:祭祀在战争中显得更加简便,意在安慰参与者的心灵世界。具体的心理描写更关注战争主体的存在及其表现,也更重视军队组织的规范化和合理化、军队管理的细节、战争有效性和战争维护,这说明权利安全和生命安全意识得到加强。这些方面都表明两周时期随着战争强度的升级,原始“人本”观念、“慎兵”理念得到了进一步的发展和凸现。

  11. 论西周策命制度与《尚书》文体的生成%On the Connection between the System of Appointment of the Western Zhou Dynasty and the Formation of Literary Style of Shang Shu



    伴随着"制礼作乐"的过程,周人的修辞技能和文体意识都不断提高,尤其是周代重要政治制度之一策命制度的建立和完善,使书面形式的"策命"代替了口头形式的"命",促成了具有清晰文体特征的策命文书的形成。这种专门应用于特定策命典礼场合的政治性文书使灵活易变的口头文体固定化,由于经常性地撰制和发布,逐渐形成了形式严谨、体制固定、内容明确、词语古奥、语言高度雅化和程式化、风格庄严肃穆的文体特征,《周书》诸诰便是在这种策命文书的基础上经过加工改造后形成的。这种"命体"的策命文书体现了原初形态"书"篇的文体模式,决定了《尚书》诰命篇章的文体特征,对后世众多散文文体,尤其是官方应用性文体产生了重大影响。%With the process of ritual and musical practice, Zhou' s rhetorical skills and stylistic awareness has been improved continuously. The establishment and perfection of Zhou' s political sys- tem, especially the system of appointment--one of the important policies of the Western Zhou Dynas- ty, caused the written form to replace the oral form, and the form of appointment documents got its clear stylistic features. These documents are specifically applied to specific situations, making the flexible oral style fixed. As they are regularly published, these documents gradually formed a kind of strict style, with explicit content, tightly organized structure, rigorous words, graceful language, solemn and grave style. Zhou Shu is processed and revised on the basis of this kind of documents. These documents reflect the original form of Shang Shu, determines the literary style of Shang Shu, and has a significant impact and influence upon many kinds of essays of later times, particularly the applica- tion of the official documents.

  12. The Influence of Cultural Anthropology on Zhou Zuo-ren’s Translation of Ancient Greek Literature%文化人类学对周作人译介古希腊文学的影响



    As an important thinker during the May the Fourth Movement,Zhou Zuo-ren was greatly influenced by the concepts of cultural anthropology which,at that time,was unfolding itself in the west.Cultural anthropology exerts profound influences upon Zhou’s humane thoughts and translations,especially in the terms of translation from ancient Greek literature.This paper starts off from the aspect of Zhou’s reception of cultural anthropology,and proceeds to analyze Zhou’s purpose,accomplishments and features in translating ancient Greek literature.%作为"五四"时期重要的思想家,周作人深受当时西方方兴未艾的文化人类学的影响。文化人类学理论对周作人的人文思想和翻译活动,尤其是对古希腊文学的翻译发挥着深远的影响。他全景式地译介了希腊的神话、诗歌、戏剧,力图全面展示古希腊人的生活、思想、艺术、人生观、世界观,借以开启民众、教化大众。

  13. Research adjective development and its effect from the adjectives of inscriptions in Western-Zhou Dynasty%从西周金文看形容词的发展及其影响



    把殷商甲骨文中的形容词和西周金文中的形容词进行比较可以看出,西周时期形容词的数量增多了,结构复杂了。从词汇的角度看,形容词的发展丰富了汉语的词汇,形容词的语义系统在形容词的发展过程中逐渐完善,这是词汇系统性增强的体现;从语法的角度看,形容词的发展引起了一些性状概念要素表达方式的变化,也就是由综合的表达方式转变为分析的表达方式。%The increase in the number of adjectives and the complexity of structure of adjectives can be seen from comparison of the adjectives of Shang Dynasty Oracle to the adjectives of inscriptions in bronze in the Western Zhou Dynasty. The adjective development enriches the Chinese vocabulary from the perspective of vocabulary, and adjective system strengthen in the process of gradual improvement, which is reflect of the system of Chinese vocabulary increases; Adjective development has caused some traits of concept change of expression from grammatical perspective, namely by comprehensive expression into the analysis expression.

  14. The Judicial Interpretation of Social Justice:Legal Analysis of Zhou Meizhi Appeal Case%社会正义的司法演绎——周关知申诉案法理评析



    Justice is the pursuit of social value, while law is the expression of social justice. Justice of the judicial can meet the he requirements of justice to maximize the public interest. The appeal case acceptance and investigation of Zhou Meizhi, who is against the decision of not to prosecute, to achieve the people's emotions, social justice and the combination of legal specification, revealed in the context of building a harmonious society, judicial decisions and the recognition of social justice is necessity and feasibility .%正义是社会的价值追求,法是社会正义的表达,正义的司法是能够满足社会公众利益最大化要求的司法。周美知等人不服不起诉决定申诉案的受理和查处,实现了民众情感、社会公理和法律规范的有机结合,揭示了在构建和谐社会的语境下司法决定和社会正义价值认同的必要性与可行性。

  15. The Piercing Requiem---A Commentary on Zhou Daxin’s Novel Requiem%穿透骨髓的安魂曲*--评周大新长篇小说《安魂》



    With a resolute attitude,Zhou Daxin discusses the issue of life and death after the narration of the loss of his son,within his oeuvre nouveau,i.e.Requiem,in which the mode of dialogue with the son who died young is adopted to represent author’s metaphysical thought on the life and death issue,and his transcendence over the personal depression as well as the insightful humanist reflection on the present society.%周大新的新作《安魂》讲述了在痛失爱子之后,作家以一种毅然的姿态展开对生命与死亡这个命题的探寻,以与早逝的儿子对话的方式来呈现作者关于“生死”的形而上思考,并且跳出个人的悲痛,以深厚的人文关怀对当下进行了深邃的审视。

  16. 贵州大学生学习情况调查问卷的编制研究%A Study on the Questionnaire of Learning Situation for Undergraduate in GuiZhou



    目的:编制大学生学习情况调查问卷。方法:在文献研究的基础上,构建学习情况的理论维度,编写问卷题目。对在校大学生两次预测,并检验问卷的信度、效度。结果:各项指标显示,本问卷具有良好的信度和效度。%Objective: Constructing the questionnaire of learning situation for undergraduate in GuiZhou. Methods : On the basis of literature review, studied the concept of learning situation, and composited the theoretical construct of questiong- naire and it' s item. And examine its reliability and validity testing by twice tests for undergraduate. Results:Every psy- chometrics index all show: The Questionnaire of Learning Situation had good reliability and validity.

  17. 矛盾行为下隐藏的"创伤"情结——探寻周朴园复杂人格之因%The Hidden"Trauma Complex"under the Contradictory Behavior:to Explore the Reasons of Zhou Puyuan's Complex Personality



    As one of the most controversial figures,Zhou Puyuan in the novel Thunderstorm has always been endowed with multiple evaluations. And Zhou Puyuan becomes a vivid and typical image,which has a multi-dimensional personality charm.. From the perspec?tive of traumatic emotion,this paper describes the reasons of Zhou Puyuan's different personality deriving from early emotional trauma, which really affects his life. He is a victim of the tragedy too.%《雷雨》里的周朴园作为一个极有争议性的人物,一直以来都被赋予了多重的评价.这也使得这个人物形象得以成为一个立体生动的典型,具有了多维人格的魅力.本文从创伤性情感体验的角度出发,认为周朴园两极性格形成之因来源于早年情感创痛,并对他的整个人生都产生了巨大的影响,他同样是这场悲剧的受害者.

  18. Let Chin P’ ing Mei Study Shining Glory of Speculative Philosophy---On Zhou Juntao’ s Chin P’ ing Mei Study Series%让《金瓶梅》研究闪耀哲学思辨的光辉--读《周钧韬金瓶梅研究文集》



    Mr.Zhou Juntao is a famous scholar of Chin P ’ing Mei,and Zhou Juntao Jin Ping Mei Study Series is his com-prehensive expression of Chin P ’ ing Mei study .The prominent characteristics of Zhou Juntao ’ s study is the high level acces-sion,the text study specialty is “on the realism to the theory”,and his study shows a very strong philosophical overtones . Some of his views have great impact ,and his studies are of important contributions to Chin P ’ ing Me academic sectors .%周钧韬先生是一位著名的金学家,《周钧韬金瓶梅研究文集》是其《金瓶梅》研究集大成的作品。周钧韬《金瓶梅》研究的突出特点是高层次加入,文本研究特色是“就实论虚”,其金学研究呈现出很强的哲学思辨色彩。他的一些观点有较大影响,为《金瓶梅》研究做出了重要贡献。

  19. 生存与命运的言说——对周全平《苦笑》集的解读%The Speech of Survival and Fate: Unscrambling Zhou Quanping′s Bitter Smile Collection



    Zhou Quanping,a small potato of the Creation Society with oblivion in literature history,had enriched Chinese modern literature in his unique way.However,he suffered a lifetime of frustrations firstly as an important role of the Creation Society,but was pushed aside later.He joined the Left-Winger Organization and became desolate finally.His novels had quite different style compared to his colleagues in the Creation Society without Romantic sentimental mood but more critique for the unjust of society and exposing of the cruel reality.In this,way he kept an eye on people′s survival and fate.%周全平是创造社的"小伙计",在文学史册上也几近被埋没,但不能否定,周全平的确是一个用特殊创作方式丰富了中国现代文学的作家。他经历坎坷,起初是创造社的重要成员,后被排挤,加入左翼,最后落寞于文坛。他的小说风格不同于创造社的其他成员,很少有浪漫感伤的情绪,更多的是对社会不公的批判和对残酷现实的揭露,同时以时间编码来阐释生命在历史变幻中的厚重感,以此来关照人的生存状态和对命运的抗争。

  20. The Relationship of Womenˊs Liberation Thoughts Between Zhou Zuoren and Akiko Yosano%与谢野晶子与周作人妇女解放思想之关系

    王妍妍; 夏艺


    周作人的妇女解放思想是新文化运动破除封建迷信,引进西方科学精神,追求个性解放思潮中的重要组成部分,在中国妇女解放思想史上具有突出的地位和社会影响。他的思想虽然受到近代西方进化论、人本主义、文化人类学等外来思想的影响,但是,其女性个体意识、人格独立、男女平等、贞操观等非常有价值的思想,在很多方面与日本女诗人、社会评论家与谢野晶子的女性观具有十分密切的关系。%ZHOU Zuo-renˊs women liberation thoughts is an important part of the New Cultural Movement which broke the feudal superstition, introduced western science spirit and pursued the liberation of personality, it has a prominent place and social impact in Chinese history of women liberation. Although his thoughts were influenced by modern western theory of evolution, humanistic, cultural anthropology and other foreign ideas ,some of his valuable ideas like individual consciousness of women, personality independence, equality between men and women and chastity view have very close relationship with the views of Yosano Akiko who is the female poet, social critic in Japan.

  1. 西周园林:从娱神到娱人的美育思想%Gardens in Western Zhou Dynasty:The Thought about Aesthetic Education from Adoring Gods to Enjoying Human Being

    崔青青; 李丹


    The gardens in Western Zhou Dynasty reflected the diversification from adoring gods to enjoying human being about aesthetic thought of the Pre-Qin Period. This conversion had affected Chinese peopleˊs ethos deeply. On the one hand,Chinese attached great importance to their self-cultivation;on the other hand,they also drew attention to the combination of self-cultivation and society integration. They were devotional and persistent and would never fall into the extreme position of denying themselves. They took public affairs on their own shoulder and had a sense of "compassion" and never went away from the masses. These results were the influence of the conversion about the thought of aesthetic education in the Pre-Qin Period.%西周园林反映了我国先秦美学思想从娱神到娱人的转变,即从崇拜神到肯定人的主体性,这种转变深深地影响了此后中国人的精神气质。一方面中国人极其重视个人的德行修养,另一方面又将这种自我修养与入世精神相结合,既富有深情,又执着,但又不至于走向自我否定的极端境地;既有一种“天下”情怀,以天下事为己事,又有一种“悲天悯人”的情怀,始终不曾远离底层。这些都是先秦美育思想在这一时期转变的结果。

  2. 超越死亡的亲情救赎--评周大新的《安魂》%Redemption of Kinship beyond Death A Comment on Zhou Daxin’s Requiem



    周大新小说《安魂》的前半部分既不脱离日常真实生活的气息,又通过死亡视角升华了日常生活,使小说表达的亲情感人至深。小说后半部分所虚构的天国来信既有对亲人灵魂得救的期望,又有对人生意义的拷问,还有对乌托邦世界的想象。小说的某种非个人化因素影响了作品更丰富意蕴空间的产生,但此小说的价值不能单从审美方面考虑,救赎也是文学同样重要的功能。%The first part of Zhou Daxin’s novel Requiem is very moving for it sublimates the affection between son and his father under the background of common life.The latter part conceives of letters from heaven,which contain expectation of redemption of his son,the questioning of meaning of life,and the imagination of Utopia. Some non -individual factors bar the rise of more abundant and meaningful space in the novel,but the value of the novel cannot be considered only by its aesthetic aspects,and redemption is of the same importance.

  3. Nationalist Party how to deal with the class struggle in great strike of GuangZhou and Hongkong%省港罢工中的阶级斗争与国民党的应对



    早期国民党人对阶级斗争有着相当准备的认识,但国民党主张阶级调和,反对阶级斗争。然而在国民革命实践中,存在着大量的阶级斗争事实,以省港罢工来说,以反对帝国主义为直接斗争目标,使得其中的阶级斗争呈现出既联合又斗争的现象。国民党在扶助农工同时,提倡工商联合积极协调双方的矛盾纷争,虽有一定成效,但由于国民党阶级的局限性,也因为国民党对民族矛盾之下的阶级矛盾认识片面,所以,无法正确处理省港罢工中的阶级斗争。%Early Nationalists understanding of class struggle has quite ready, but Nationalist Party advocated class reconcile op-posing class struggle.However, in practice the national revolution, there are a lot of class struggle fact, speaking to Hong Kong strike, direct struggle against imperialism and for the goal, which makes the class struggle and struggle jointly exhibit both phenome-na.Nationalist Party assist farmers and workers while advocating for Industry and Commerce jointly actively coordinate their contradic-tions disputes, despite some success, but due to the limitations of the Kuomintang class, but also because Nationalist Party ethnic conflicts under one-sided understanding of class contradictions, so Nationalist Party can not deal with class struggle in the great strike of GuangZhou and Hongkong.

  4. Relazioni fra sismicità e moti lenti nella crosta terrestre

    P. CALOI


    Full Text Available At Somplago near Tolmezzo, two horizontal pendulums,
    reaching periods up to 20 minutes, are operanting (experimentally in a
    130 m high, excavated mountain pit; the pit is connected with the subterranean
    power plant house where, in a room, is installed an electromagnetic
    seismic station. The sensibility of the pendulums to the variations of the
    apparent vertical is extreme. At present, their period is on the order of
    5 minutes.
    In the first half of January 1969, in the region of the Ambiesta (a
    right-side confluent of the Tagliamento river, with which it unites near
    Tolmezzo there occurred a small seismic period, characterized by two small
    shocks, almost unnoticed by the local population; the first on the 7th and
    the second, stronger one, on the 14th of January. After about 10 years
    of near immobility, at the end of November and along all of December,
    the clinographs functioning in the rocks, on the right of the Ambiesta at
    the level of the dam barring te river, showed a perceptible, slow ondulation
    of the ground. This variation of the vertical can be put in relation with
    the minor shock of January 7th 1969, that was perceived by the personnel of the Ambiesta-dam and recorded by the local seismic station as well as
    by the seismic stations of Tolmezzo and of Somplago. This first shock is
    to be considered definitely superficial.
    The second shock occurred on January 14th, in the region between
    the Ambiesta-river and Somplago. Its depth has been estimated 011 the
    order of 13 km. This shock was preceded by a very small displacement
    of pendulum " A " at Somplago on January 12th, and then followed —
    several hours after the earthquake — by a perceivable deviation of the
    vertical, recorded by both pendulums " A " and " B ". The displacement
    (slightly above one second of arc occurred more or less in direction of
    the source of the earthquake, with trend S 46° from Somplago. This is
    in accordance with the fact that the Somplago seisndc station recorded the
    earthquake as starting in the form of a compression (upward thrust. The
    maximum displacement was reached in only a few hours, while it took about
    20 days to bring the pendulums back to their primitive position. If —
    as everything seems to indicate — the displacement showed by the longperiod
    pendulums is to be related to the consequences provoked by the shock
    in his ipocentral location, it can be deduced that the propagation in direction
    Somplago of the recorded ondulating movement has been very slow (with
    a velocity inferior to 1 km/h. In other words, the displacement of matter
    subsequent to the breack in the elastic field occurred in the liypocenter,
    lias taken on the form of an extremely slow ondulation, evidently associated
    with the gradual proceeding of the deformed stratification to a new system
    of equilibrium. There have been other occasions, in the Tolmezzo area,
    permitting to detect a clear relation between slow variations of the vertical
    and local earthquakes. In the contemplated case at Somplago, the ondulations
    following the earthquake of 14. January have been definitely greater
    than the ones preceding the quake.
    In my opinion, it is with this course of action — geodynamic, geodetic,
    geomagnetic and geoelectric observations — that one can hope to gather
    the information apt to confer a more realistic character to the forecasting
    of seismic phenomena. To insist — as it is yet done in Italy — with the
    statistical methods, is plainly illusory work. Max Planck spoke ironically
    of the pretense of some of his colleagues to resolve fundamental problems
    of physics basing on the probability table. " Only the strictly dynamic
    laws — the famous physicist pointed out — satisfy wholly our need of
    knowledge, while no statistical law can actually satisfy, because it has no
    absolute value but admits of exceptions in the single cases and thus leaves
    us confronting the problem to know which are the cases where such exceptions
    may occur " . " Therefore it appears convenient — it is still Planck
    speaking — to claim among the postulates of physics not only the existence
    of laws, but also their strictly causal character and to never consider closed
    the investigation, until each and every statistic law is resolved into one
    or more dynamic laws ".

  5. Echinoderm Biodiversity in the Takofi Coastal Waters, Moti Island, North Maluku

    Eddy Yusron


    Full Text Available A total of 22 echinoderm species were found in Takofi waters, North Maluku. They were represented by 6 species of holothuroidea, 4 species of asteroidea, 5 species of echinoidea and 7 species of ophiuroidea. The Ophiuroidea were relatively common in seagrass area. The quantitative analysis on the abundance data revealed the highest diversity index of faunal assemblage at station II (H'=1.19. The highest evenness index was exhibited by the echinoderms from station III (J = 0.99, while the highest species richness was represented by them from station I (D = 1.22.

  6. 西安地区周秦汉与隋唐时期古都文化之主要内涵与基本特点%Main implications and. basic features of the ancient city culture of Xi'an in Zhou, Qin, Han, Sui and Tang Dynasties



    In order explore the main implications and basic features of the ancient city cuhue of Xi'an in different dynasties, the paper analyzes the city planning, construction, layout and the architec- tural ideology in West Zhou, Qin, West Han, Sui and Tang Dynasties with the help of a huge amounts of documents. The analysis finds that the culture in the West Zhou cities fully displays the rites and music culture of Zhou Dynasty; the ancient city culture in Qin Dynasty shows the great unification spirit and the Chang'an culture in Han Dynasty integrates the related theories of the earlier dynasties and at the same time has its creative sense. In contrast, the Chang'an culture in Sui and Tang Dynasties indicates its opening-up orientation in its multi-phase cultures.%为探究西安地区各朝代古都文化之主要内涵与基本特点,结合大量史料,对西周、秦、西汉、隋与唐王朝都城之规制、建设、平面布局、主要建筑之思想理念进行剖析。分析认为:西周都城文化充分反映了周代礼乐文化;秦都城文化体现了大一统的精神;汉长安城文化以尊儒思想为主体,整合了前朝相关理论,并有所创新;隋唐长安城文化表征了多元文化的开放气象。

  7. 周“礼制”与《考工记·匠人营国》对早期都城形态的影响%The Influence of the Ritual Ethics of the Zhou Dynasty and “The National Engineering Standards for Capital Construction” on the Capital Urban Form in Ancient China



    The paper first analyzes the impact of the ritual ethics on the capital form in the Western Zhou Dynasty and the Spring and Autumn Period in the Chinese history. It covers discussions on the spatial forms and layout plans of clan temples, imperial palaces and city markets. By referring to an ancient book entitled "The Ritual Ethics of the Zhou Dynasty: National Engineering Standards for Capital Construction" ( "The Standards" ), the paper argues that the ritual ethics of the Zhou Dynasty helped maintain the power structure and inheritance at the theoretical level in ancient China while" The Standards" explicate the city building methodology at the practical level. By following stated construction rules, an idealized capital city that embodies the ritual ethics would emerge. However, due to the socioeconomic constraints in the Western Zhou Dynasty and the Spring and the Autumn Period, city building could not strictly follow the rules set in "The Standards" . Therefore, no city built during that period of time could have perfectly embodied the ritual ethics as the exemplary city of Beijing did in the Ming and Qing Dynasty.%通过分析周“礼制”伦理思想对西周和春秋战国时期都城形态元素:宗庙、宫殿和市场的空间形态和布局的影响,阐述了其与《考工记·匠人营国》这一历史文献的关联.提出周“礼制”是在“道”的伦理思想层面上维护了权力的宣扬和继承,而《考工记·匠人营国》则是在“器”层面上指导和实施营建符合周“礼制”的理想化都城模式.只是由于西周和春秋战国时期社会形态和经济技术发展水平的局限才未出现如后世北京那样经典的,符合礼制都城形态的案例.

  8. Human Rationality:The Essence of “Scientific”Which Zhou Zuoren Advocated%人文理性:周作人所倡“科学”的实质内核



      周作人对“五四”时期的主题话语之一的科学,保持着疏远和警惕的态度,因为那时候他专注于文学的园地,强调人文艺术对人类精神的独特价值。从20世纪20年代末期,他内心发生“由情转智”的变化以及与革命文学的论争以后,“科学”成为他最看重的文章主题。他把科学的源头上溯到原始儒家的“疾虚妄”与古典希腊的“爱智慧”精神,实际上是人文理性的立场。这种主张人间生活伦理须以科学知识为本、科学理性又必须合乎人间生活之用的立场,强调“常识”的精神,对于科学工具理性的迷失与当今社会玄虚乱象的匡正,有着巨大的启示意义。%Zhou Zuoren kept alienated from and vigilant against“science”, which was an important theme during the May Fourth period, because at that time he focused on literature, emphasizing the unique value of arts and humanities to human spirit.In the late 1920s, after his change of mind and the controversy of revolutionary literature,“science” became the theme of his most im-portant articles.He traced back to the source of“science”, the original Confucian“disease falseness” and classical Greek spirit of“love of wisdom” which, in fact, is the position of human rationality.The claim that the ethics of human life must be based on scientific knowledge, scientific rationality and must be in line with the position of the life on earth emphasizes the spirit of“common sense” science and instrumental rationality lost in today's mysterious social chaos remedy.It is of great significance to explain the loss of scientific and instrumental rationality and get rid of today's mysterious social chaos.

  9. 独立美与无形功利--论周作人20年代个性的文学观%Independent Aesthetics and Intangible Utilitarian in Double Value of Literature In Zhou Zuoren’s Featured Literature



      在周作人文学思想的演变过程中,文学的价值和作用始终是他关注的焦点。本文围绕周作人在20世纪20年代初期“个性的文学”观,探讨文学的“独立美与无形功利”,其中,最重要的是独立的艺术美,其次才是无形的功利。独立美既是指作品中的真挚强烈的感情和鲜明的个性,又包含着作者对艺术技巧的把握和运用;无形功利是指文艺对读者潜移默化、无意为之的精神涵养的作用。周作人的“独立美与无形功利”既符合文学自身的本质特点,亦是对文学特殊功能的体认和维护。%In the process of Zhou Zuoren’s the literary thought, the literary value and function is his concern. The paper focuses on Zhou’s featured literature in the 1920s to explore independent aesthetics and intangible utilitarian, in which the most significance is the independent artistic aesthetics, and the next intangible utilitarian. Independent aesthetics refers to the passionate feelings and featured characters in works, which contains the understanding and practice of author’s artistic technique, while intangible utilitarian is the intrinsic spiritual functions of literature to readers. Zhou’s theory, “independent aesthetics and intangible utilitarian”, is geared to the nature of literature and to the maintenance and reorganization of particular functions of literature.

  10. 特殊而真实的证词--读周大新的长篇小说《曲终人在》%Analysis of ZhouDaxin's Full-length Novel Quzhongrenzai



    ZhouDaxin's novel Quzhongrenzai is undoubtedly an important works in 2015 about the officers ’ story .Through a copy of testimonies provided by respondents of hero ’ s networking , the author restores an ordinary official's life and psychological journey.Unique narrative ethical tendencies becomes a new scale of this novel , this narrative ethical tendency specifically reflected in writer's moral inquiry of officialdom , and moral thinking on official mission and responsibilities .In addition, seamless connection between novel materials and new and unique art form is also one of the highlights of the novel , and the quasi documentary literature a new liberal form makes the form itself becomes part of the story .%作家周大新的长篇小说新作《曲终人在》无论是从思想内容还是艺术形式来说,都无疑是2015年官场小说的重要收获。作者通过主人公人际关系网中受访者们提供的一份份证词,多角度还原了一个普通官员的人生轨迹和心路历程。独特的叙事伦理倾向成为这部小说的一个新尺度,这种叙事伦理倾向具体体现在作家对官场的道德叩问,对为官的使命、责任的道德思考。此外,小说材料与新颖独特的艺术形式之间的无缝衔接也是这部小说的一大亮点,“拟纪实文学”这种新颖的艺术形式,使得形式本身成为故事的一部分。

  11. Engineering Geological Investigation and Monitor of Jinglan Bridge Reconstruction in LiuZhou%柳州市静兰大桥改建工程地质勘察及监测

    关键超; 韦少典


    柳州市静兰大桥改建工程是将一座1992年8月建成通车、总长550m、主桥为5孔90rn跨的钢筋混凝土箱肋拱桥拆除原地重建,使桥面宽度由原来的16.5m扩至31m,桥面标高由原来的97m升高至98.6m。原桥位于河水中的四个桥墩乃利用石灰岩作浅基础形式,潜水录像显示墩基结构基本完好,但原灌浆固结处理溶蚀沟槽里的砾卵石层已不同程度地被淘蚀。通过勘察工作分析,认为经过基底补强处理后,利用旧桥墩建新桥的方案是可行的。%LiuZhou Jinglan Bridge is a Reinforced concrete box arch bridge, the overall length 550m, The main bridge for 5 holes 90m cross and built in August 1992. The project of the bridge reconstruction is to dismantle and rebuild it in the same place and to broaden the width of the bridge from 16.5 to 31 m, heighten the demarcate height from 97m to 98.6m. The shallow basement modalities of the former four piers lying in the river is limestone, as the diving video shows, the framework of the pier foundation is in good condition. But the former gravel pebble stratum in the corrode groove which treated by grouting concretion has been scouring; Through reconnaissance and job analysis, I think it's feasible that build the new bridge which base on the former piers after reinforcing the fundus.

  12. Mao ZedongZhou Enlai's contribution to solve the Taiwan issue%谈毛泽东、周恩来对解决台湾问题的贡献

    宋继和; 练强


    毛泽东、周恩来为了祖国的完全统一大业,殚精竭虑,辛勤耕耘。在新中国建立后,始终把“解放台湾”、完成祖国完全统一问题放在重要地位,并适时实现了从武力解放到和平解放的战略转变,提出了进行国共第三次合作的倡议,从而有力推动了祖国统一的历史进程。两位伟人密切合作,洞察国内外形势变化,及时制定出符合实际情况的方针、政策,并贯彻落实到实际工作中去。他们的伟大贡献,相得益彰,交相辉映,铸就了中华民族走向完全统一的辉煌之路,为我们后人留下了宝贵的精神遗产。%Mao Zedong and Zhou Enlai racked their brains and worked hard for the complete unification of our motherland. Since the New China established, the liberation of Taiwan in order to complete the reunification of China had been put in an important place. And at the right moment the liberation strategy had been changed from relying on military force to peace. They proposed the third cooperation of the Kuomintang and the Communist Party, and it had promoted the process of reunification powerfully. The two great man cooperated closely and they discerned the change of domestic and foreign situation. Also they worked out the principles and policies on the basis of the reality and carried out them into actual work. Their great contribution complemented to each other and enhaced the other one's beauty. This led the Chinese nation to the unification road magnificently, and it had left the precious energetic inheritance for the posterity.

  13. The family name Solimonadaceae Losey et al. 2013 is illegitimate, proposals to create the names 'Sinobacter soli' comb. nov. and 'Sinobacter variicoloris' contravene the Code, the family name Xanthomonadaceae Saddler and Bradbury 2005 and the order name Xanthomonadales Saddler and Bradbury 2005 are illegitimate and notes on the application of the family names Solibacteraceae Zhou et al. 2008, Nevskiaceae Henrici and Johnson 1935 (Approved Lists 1980) and Lysobacteraceae Christensen and Cook 1978 (Approved Lists 1980) and order name Lysobacteriales Christensen and Cook 1978 (Approved Lists 1980) with respect to the classification of the corresponding type genera Solibacter Zhou et al. 2008, Nevskia Famintzin 1892 (Approved Lists 1980) and Lysobacter Christensen and Cook 1978 (Approved Lists 1980) and importance of accurately expressing the link between a taxonomic name, its authors and the corresponding description/circumscription/emendation.

    Tindall, B J


    In a recent publication the name Solimonadaceae Losey et al. 2013 has been proposed as a replacement name for the family name Sinobacteraceae Zhou et al. 2008. This course of action contravenes the current Code governing the nomenclature of prokaryotes, making Solimonadaceae Losey et al. 2013 an illegitimate name that neither has claim to priority nor can be used as a correct name. Closer examination of publications dealing with the taxonomy of members of the genera Solimonas and Sinobacter and the placement of these taxa at the rank of family and order reveal problems associated with the application of the family names Sinobacteraceae Zhou et al. 2008, Nevskiaceae Henrici and Johnson 1935 (Approved Lists 1980) and Lysobacteraceae Christensen and Cook 1978 (Approved Lists 1980) and the order names Lysobacterales Christensen and Cook 1978 (Approved Lists 1980) and Xanthomonadales Saddler and Bradbury 2005.

  14. 周文泉运用柴胡龙骨牡蛎汤合玉屏风散治疗多汗证经验%Experience of ZHOU Wen-quan in treating hyperhidrosis by using Chaihu Longgu Muli Decotion combined with Yupingfeng San

    张晋; 苏博; 陈莹珍; 周文泉


    The basic mechanism of disease in professor ZHOU Wen-quan treated hyperhidrosis was yin-yang disharmony, defense-exterior insecurity. The insufficient yin could not restrain yang causing increased activity of yang results in fever with spontaneous sweating; the syncope with spontaneous sweating was caused by insufficient yang failing to counterbalance yin resulted in relative exuberance of yin, therefore hyperhidrosis was caused by abnormal exuberance of yin or yang. The therapeutic principles of professor ZHOU treated hyperhidrosis were regulalion of yin and yang and tonify qi to secure the exterior, he often had good therapeutic effect in hyperhidrosis used Chaihu Longgu Muli Decetion combined with Yupinfeng San to regulate yin-yang, triple energizers and waterways and benefit qi secure the exterior to treat sweating.%周文泉教授认为多汗证的基本病机为阴阳失和,卫表不固.阴虚阳必凑,发热而自汗;阳虚阴必乘,发厥而自汗,故多汗证皆属阴阳偏胜所致.当以调整阴阳、益气固表为治则.周教授常用柴胡龙骨牡蛎汤合玉屏风散调整阴阳,益气固表,调和气机,调理三焦,调畅水道,治疗多汗证获效良多.

  15. Clinical Thoughts and Experiences of Treating Epididymitis and Orchitis from Stasis and Heat——Application of Professor ZHOU Zhong Ying's Blood Stasis and Heat Pathology Theory in Treatment of Andrology Diseases%从瘀热辨治子痈的临证思路与经验——周仲瑛教授瘀热病机男科运用

    王浩; 薛建国


    国医大师周仲瑛教授结合多年的临床经验对“瘀热”病机理论进行较为系统的论述.在周仲瑛教授指导下,通过文献分析,结合临床实践,初步探讨子痈瘀热的病机概念、临床表现、辨证思路、组方用药特点,并举案例说明,以更好丰富“瘀热”理论,也为子痈的辨证施治提供新的思路.%Based on years of clinical experience,the Chinese medicine great master ZHOU Zhongying has created a systematic pathogenesis theory of "blood stasis and heat".Under the guidance of Professor Zhou's theory,through analysis of the relating literature,and combined with the clinical practice,this paper discusses the pathogenesis,clinical manifestations,thoughts of differentiation and medication characteristics of blood stasis and heat in epididymitis and orchitis,with a case for illustration.It enriches the theory of "blood stasis and heat" and provides new insights for the treatment of epididymitis and orchitis based on syndrome differentiation.

  16. "酒"与"山水之间"和"醉翁之意"——胡风与周扬恩怨是非新论%"Wine", "the Scenery of Mountains and Rivers" and the Intention of "the Drunkard":New Discussion of Gratitude or Resentment between Zhou Yang and Hu Feng for Several Dozens Years



    Many scholars always think that injustice case of Fufeng has a quite big negative function in the feeling of gratitude or resentment between Zhou Yang and Fu Feng. It cannot be denied that Zhou Yang played an irreplaceable function in injustice case of Fufeng and even the rehabiliation process of the case. However, dozens of years' contradiction between Hu Feng and Zhou Yang, and even "the indictment" which Hu Feng accused to Zhou Yang, all belongs to the category of Thought on Literary and Arts. We shall acknowledge the measures and the attitude which Zhou Yang dealt with the issues of Fu Feng, that's not "A wine lover's mind which is not dipped in the bobbled, but dwells in nature", but is the meaning of "the drunkard" who draws support from "the scenery of mountains and rivers" to complete the intention of drinking "wine". Hu Feng's disaster is a tragedy of that time, and its significance exceeds his own destiny completely. Therefore, the theory of literature and arts cannot be tied up together with politics again. It's also the consideration left to posterity. In this way can avoid injustice of disaster because of a personal grudge. If we can't go outside and continue to stand in the "Left" situation to animadvert the loop of strange mighty "Left", we would not be able to be practical and realistic on the fundamental problems in literary, and not to mention to recover the pursuit of human liberation of the spirit of "Wusi", and to recover hominine literature, in particular, the historical tradition of democracy and science.%很多学者总认为周扬和胡风几十年的恩怨在胡风冤案中起了很大负面作用,但胡风和周扬几十年的矛盾乃至他所指控周扬的"罪状"都属于当时主流文艺思想的范畴.周扬在处理胡风问题上所采取的措施和态度,不是"醉翁之意不在酒,在于山水之间",而是"醉翁"借助"山水之间"行"酒"之意.胡风的舛难是一个时代的悲剧,其意义完全超越他个人命运,

  17. Borna disease virus in blood of cattle infect detection in Gui Zhou and surrounding areas%贵州省及部分周边地区牛博尔纳病病毒感染的情况调查

    刘海军; 王长明; 谢婷婷; 王顺旺; 徐平


    with He80/FR (nt 1660 T-C,nt 1669 A-G,nt 1672 C-T mutation rate of 3%). However,there was no change in the encoding amino acid residues. Conclusion There is BDV natural infection probably originated from cattle of Gui Zhou and surrounding areas,also probably is one of the prevalence regions of BDV. BDV might play a potential role in the development of human having correlations with animals.

  18. 3 D Virtual Reality Technology-Based Analysis of Zhou Shixiong' s Action of 5/4 Turn to Handstand on Parallel Bars%基于三维虚拟现实技术对周施雄双杠后上转体450°成倒立动作的分析

    周继和; 王帅; 刘艺; 李溪


    For the first time in the world, Chinese athlete Zhou Shixiong completed 450° turn to handstand on parallel bars. This article applies 3D video analytic method to collect Zhou Shixiong' s kinematic data in the competi-tion, uses immersive 3D virtual reality technology to reconstruct the obtained kinematics data, and makes kine-matics analysis in the form of three dimensional animation after 360° rotation-reproduced observations. The study shows that although Zhou Shixiong completed this action in the game, it is still not perfect. The main problems include that he stretches hip earlier, and his swing scope is slightly wide in upswing stage. This leads to the result that when he supports his body with one arm, the horizontal distance between his body center of gravity and the supporting point is too wide. As a result, his body tilts and this affects his subsequent handstand action. Besides, his two legs are not fully closed in the swiveling phase.%在世界上,中国运动员周施雄首次完成双杠后上转体450°成倒立动作。本文应用三维录像解析法对周施雄在比赛现场所做的后上转体450°成倒立动作采集运动学数据,利用沉浸式三维虚拟现实技术对获得的运动学数据进行重建,通过360°的旋转再现观察,以三维动画的形式进行运动学分析。研究发现周施雄在比赛中虽然完成了这一动作,但还有待完善。主要问题有上摆阶段伸髋较早、幅度稍大,导致在下一阶段的转体过程中单臂支撑的时候人体重心离支撑点的水平距离偏大,身体产生了倾斜,影响了之后的倒立动作,另外在转体阶段两腿并未完全并拢。

  19. Discussion about the Success and Failure of Qian Mu’ s Research Methods in the Ancient Historical Geology---Based on the Methods in Geography Research in Early Zhou Dynasty%钱穆考论古史地理研究方法得失论衡--以《周初地理考》的研究方法为中心

    杨兆贵; 赵殷尚


    钱穆考论古史地理,并不单纯考证地名、地理,他的古史地理研究不属于传统的“地名簿记之学”,而是人文地理学研究的典范。他在《周初地理考》一文中提出周人由山西往陕西迁徙、发展的看法,成为研究周初发展的重要一说。该文运用一些研究古史地理的方法,包括地名研究法,地名迁移,“人以地名,非地以人名”;地望研究法,考论古史地望、人事要结合当时历史条件,以诗释史,运用声韵学等。虽自圆其说,但在研究方法、阐释文献、处理神话与历史的关系等方面都有不足,如:在研究方法上犯了“征之于古迹”“求之于音似”两大毛病;在处理神话方面,把神话人物当作历史人物,没有运用考古资料。这些限制了该文的学术成就。%In his research on the ancient historical geology, Qian Mu didn’ t examine place names and geology only; his researches did not belong to traditional bookkeeping of the place names, but to human geography. In Geography Research in Early Zhou Dynasty, Qian Mu pointed out that Zhou clan who had originally lived in Shanxi province moved to and developed in Shaanxi province, which was an important explanation of how Zhou clan moved in early Zhou Dynasty. In the book, he employed some research methods for studying ancient historical geology, such as toponymy method, place name transfer, people being named after place names rather than place being named after people, location research, examination of the ancient historical geology, people and events with relative historical conditions, the use of poetry to explain history, the usage of phonology and the like. Though he had made out a good case for himself, he had some shortcomings in research method, document explanation, and dealing with the relationship between mythology and history. For example, in research method, he relied on historic sites and similar sounds

  20. 旅游发展对女性角色变迁的影响研究--以大理周城白族女性为例%Analysis of the impact of tourism development on the changing role of women---Taking Dali Zhou Cheng Bai women as an example



    女性参与旅游发展是目的地获得可持续发展的重要前提。缺乏旅游发展对女性角色变迁影响的分析,仅将女性参与作为一个必然的过程而不是文化、经济和政治的过程,是女性参与旅游发展在实践中不能获得真正进步的原因。通过对国内外旅游研究中旅游发展对女性角色变迁的影响研究成果进行介绍,以云南大理周城为例,通过田野调查结果的抽样分析,剖析了周城近21年的旅游发展对周城白族妇女角色变迁影响的主要表现、女性角色变迁对大理周城旅游发展的积极意义和消极影响,提出在金融信贷和旅游发展项目中应充分考虑女性的需要,重视社会性别意识,积极改善女性参政议政环境,加强少数民族女性人力资本投资,以互联网为途径整合线上线下营销渠道,提高女性的文化营销能力。%Female participation in tourism development is an important prerequisite to sustainable develop-ment in destinations.Analysis of the lack of impact of tourism development on the change in female roles,only the female participation as an inevitable process rather than a cultural,economic and political process,female participation in tourism development can not be obtained in practice reason of real progress.Introduces the re-search results of the effects of the relevant research on tourism development of tourism based on domestic and foreign to the feminine role change,taking Yunnan Dali Zhou City as an example,through field investigation and sampling analysis results,analyzes the positive significance of the main performance,influence of Zhou City nearly 21 years of tourism development on the change of Zhou Cheng Bai womenˊs roles of female characters on the change of Dali Zhou City Tourism Development and the negative influence,proposed in the financial credit and tourism development projects give full consideration to the needs of women

  1. Prefaces and Postscripts of the Anthology and Their Literary Power:Focusing on Zhou Bida’ s Preface of Wenyuan Yinghua%总集的序跋与文学史权力--以周必大《〈文苑英华〉序》为例



    总集的序跋中常隐藏着文学史权力,序跋通过文学史权力的运作改变总集文学史地位的现象也常见。《文苑英华》《唐文粹》两者联系本不大,周必大在《〈文苑英华〉序》中提出“《唐文粹》铨择《文苑英华》”之说,有意密切了两者关系,使《文苑英华》成为《唐文粹》母本。这种文学权力的运用属有意而为,明显提高了《文苑英华》的价值,也改变了两总集的文学史地位。“铨择说”多为后人沿用,形成习惯看法,可见其文学史权力影响的深远。%The literary power is usually hidden in the prefaces and postscripts of anthology. This is a common phenomenon,which the prefaces and postscripts change the status of the anthology through their literary power. Tang Wencui and Wenyuan Yinghua didn’t have much contact,but Zhou Bida proposed Tang Wencui selected out from Wenyuan Yinghua in preface of Wenyuan Yinghua. This view made Wenyuan Yinghua and Tang Wencui be the mother-child relationship. This use of literary powers was intentional,it significantly increased the value of Wenyuan Yinghua,but also changed the literary status of two anthologies. Zhou Bida’s view was adopted later and became the prevailing view. It showed the far-reaching influence of the literary power.

  2. 从“普遍”的感化到“趣味”的捕捉新村主义与“五四”前后周作人的文学理念%The Theory of New-village and the Literary Opinion of Zhou Zuoren in the May-forth Movement



    人类主义与个人主义的抽象统一构成了新村的内在理论结构。这种二元架构主导了“五四”初期周作人的文学理念,使其在尊重个体独立性的基础上更强调“为人类”、“普遍感化”的功利文学观。随着新村的失败以及大同理想的破灭,新村主义的内在二元结构也随之瓦解。周作人放弃了救世主义的文学观,转而以日益贵族化的“自我”为本位,通过捕捉文学的趣味来寻求精神的慰籍。%The internal structural of the New-village theory was made up with the integration of humanism and individualism. This dualistic structure decided the literature opinion of Zhou Zuoren in the early time of May-forth Movement, and made it become a kind of Literary Utilitarianism. After the failure of the New Village and the dream of Utopia, the dualistic structure of New-village theory was broken up. Zhou gave up his Messianism theory and turned to the literary individualism, which became more aristocratic and selfish in that time.

  3. 周恩来对二十世纪六十年代初期中巴关系根本改善的奠基性贡献*%Zhou Enlai' s Ground-breaking Contribution to the Fundamental Improvement of the Sino-Pakistani Relations in the Early 1960s



    Against the international background of Cold War the Sino-Pakistani relations remained lukewarm throughout the 1950s. However, the relations between the two countries were fundamentally improved in the early 1960s. Zhou opposed Pakistan' s joining the Western camp but at the same time was in favor of having friendly exchanges with this country. He kept to an impartial stand on the dispute between India and Pakistan over Kashmir. In the border talks between China and Pakistan, he combined principle with flexibility and solved the border question between the two neighbors carefully and skillfully. What Zhou Enlai did won friendship and trust from Pakistan and laid foundations for fundamental improvement of the Sino-Pakistani relations in the early 1960s.%在冷战的世界格局下,整个20世纪50年代,中巴关系一直处于不冷不热的境况。60年代初期,两国关系才有了根本性的改善。周恩来反对巴基斯坦加入西方阵营,同时主张和巴基斯坦进行友好交往;在印巴之间存在争议的克什米尔问题上,他坚持公正立场;在中巴边界谈判问题上,他采取原则性和灵活性相结合的方法,妥善解决了两国之间的边界问题。周恩来的这些做法赢得了巴基斯坦的信任和友谊,为60年代初期中巴关系的根本改善奠定了基础。

  4. 广州市海珠区育龄妇女口腔健康状况及口腔保健认知程度调查%The Investigation of Oral Health Status and the command of oral health knowledge among Reproductive Women in Haishu District of GuangZhou

    吴胜; 胡飚; 周媛; 张华


    目的 了解广州市育龄妇女口腔健康状况及掌握口腔健康知识与行为的情况,为制定健康教育策略提供依据.方法 采用随机抽样的方法对400例已婚未育妇女进行口腔检查及口腔知识问卷调查.结果 海珠区育龄妇女口腔健康状况较差,400例已婚未育妇女中有172例患龋齿,占43%;且400例已婚未育妇女的口腔健康知识均比较贫乏.结论 应大力提倡育龄妇女关注妊娠期口腔保健及治疗的基本知识,为优生优育提供保障.%Objective To investigate the oral health status and the command of oral health knowledge among the women of childbearing age in Haizhu district of GuangZhou, and provide evidence for making oral health education strategy.Methods Oral examinations and oral health surveys were carried out in 400 reproductive women with randomized sampling method. Results The reproductive women in Haizhu district of GuangZhou had poor oral health knowledge. Among the 400 women, 172 ones had decayed teeth, counted for 43 percent. Conclusion Oral health protection of reproductive women should be strongly advocated, so that it can provide guarantee for reproduction.

  5. 广州市海珠区育龄妇女口腔健康状况和口腔保健意识行为调查%Investigation of oral health status, consciousness and behavior of reproductive women in Haizhu District of GuangZhou

    吴胜; 胡飚; 劳文茵


    目的:了解广州市育龄妇女口腔健康状况及其掌握优生优育促进方面的口腔健康知识和行为的情况,为制定健康促进策略提供依据.方法:采用横断面研究的方法对400例已婚未育妇女进行口腔检查和优生优育促进方面的口腔知识问卷调查.结果:海珠区育龄妇女患龋率(CPR)为43%,龋均(DMF)为3.2;息龈炎率为62%,牙龈指数(GI)为1.6;20.8%妇女答对3/4以上健康知识问题,12.8%妇女答对全部口腔健康知识问题.使用牙线、漱口水的妇女分别为7.25%、14%.结论:海珠区育龄妇女口腔健康状况处于较差水平,优生优育促进方面的口腔健康知识贫乏,口腔保健行为有待改善.%AIM: To investigate the oral health status of women in childbearing age in Haizhu district ofCuangZhou in order to provide evidence for strategy of oral health education. METHODS: Oral examinations and oral health surveys were carried out in 400 reproductive women with randomized sampling method. RESULTS: Caries prevalence was 43% ,with DMFT of 3. 2. Sixty-two percent of reproductive women showed gingival bleeding on probing. Gingival index was 1.6. 20. 8% of women answered at least three fourths of the questions about oral health correctly. Only 12.8% of the women answered all questions correctly. The use of dental floss or mouthwash was 7. 25% and 14% respectively. CONCLUSION: The oral health status and knowledge about prepotency of reproductive women in Haizhu district of GuangZhou was poor. Oral health education and oral health promotion should be strengthened for women at child-bearing age.

  6. ZHOU Ru-chang's Subjective Idealism in His Research of “A Dream of Red Mansions” and Reason Why His Research in Popularity%周汝昌研究《红楼梦》的主观唯心论及其走红的原因



    In the first decade of the 21st century there appeared an anti-fraud movement in the research circle of "A Dream of Red Mansions" in which Mr.ZHOU ru-chang was revealed as a negative typicality who had a weak foundation in researching the masterpiece.Mr.ZHOU belongs to the school of searching for hidden meanings.ZHOU's remarks about "A Dream of Red Mansions",his research on the history of CAO Xue-qin,the author of the book,and his dishonorable academic behavior fully reflect his subjective idealism and all reveal that he is a negative typicality.The reason why ZHOU's research and the school of searching for hidden meanings are in popularity is that the redology circle,media and some influential forces concerned have added fuel to the flame.%在21世纪第一个10年,一场严肃的红学打假斗争深入进行着。这场斗争揭露周汝昌国学底子较差,名利心太重,一生治学,为此所误。他过去有关《红楼梦》的研究,其本质属新索隐派的龙门红学。周汝昌解读《红楼梦》文本、对曹雪芹及其家世历史的研究,以及不端学术行为,充分表现出主观唯心主义的特点,——证明他的红学是"反《红楼梦》"的典型代表。周汝昌新索隐派龙门红学之所以走红,红学界、新闻媒体和主管文化思想的相关领导难辞其咎。

  7. The Study of Mistakes and Countermeasure in Public Security Intelligence Work in the Case of Zhou Ke-hua%公安情报工作的失误与对策研究--基于周克华案件的反思



    On the morning of August 14th, 2012, the armed robbery homicide of Suxiangyu series has been solved with the suspect of it, Zhou Kehua, being shot to death in Chongqing. It is public security intelligence work that has played an important role during detecting the case of Zhou Kehua successfully. But it also exposes many deifciencies in China’s public security intelligence work. Such as the weak information infrastructure, the unitary information content, the backward management system, and scare talents in public security intelligence major. Therefore, it is necessary to ifrmly set up a concept of“Intelligence-led policing”, increase the funds in public security intelligence work, develop professional talents in relevant majors, and pay more attention to the analysis and researches of intelligence information. Finally, the focus is to establish a highly shared intelligence information work system.%2012年8月14日清晨,苏湘渝系列持枪抢劫杀人案的犯罪嫌疑人周克华在重庆被击毙,全案得以告破。本案的成功侦破,公安情报工作在其中发挥了重要的作用。但在案件侦破的过程中,也暴露了我国公安情报工作存在着基础设施薄弱、情报内容单一、管理体制滞后、情报共享性差等问题。为此,应该牢固树立“情报信息主导警务”的理念,加大对公安情报工作的经费投入,加强情报信息的分析研判,建立高度共享的情报信息工作体系。

  8. On Zhou Zuoren's Ideas in Wartime: Focusing on His Yaotang Yulu and Shufang Yijiao%周作人战时思想散论——以《药堂语录》、《书房一角》为中心



    抗战时期,国人普遍动员身体的当儿,周作人反而禁闭了身体,不给它作出象征姿态的权利.周作人表彰嘉言懿行,传述奇人轶事,恐怕是在激励民气,伸张国人的正气.这些文章或者可以视为新,表达了对于生活的敬重和理想人性的追求.周作人考察一部书的历史、一个人的生平、一种时代的陋见、一种态度的表现,表面上不出个人的兴趣,实在倒是谋求公共空间的话语权,替再一次的文化废墟营造精神的家园.%In the Anti-Japanese War, when his compatriots devoted their bodies to defending their country, Zhou Zuoren confined his body to his study, depriving it of the right to adopt a symbolic patriotic pose. How-ever, it is very likely that he was trying his best to boost morale and promote the sense of justice for his fellow citizens through his writings about the lofty thoughts and heroic deeds of some legendary people. These writings can be regarded as the modern equivalent of Shishuo Xinyu, which embodies a respect of life and a pursuit of the ideal personalities. Superficially, Zhou's explorations of the history of a certain book, the ups and downs of certain people, and the backward mentality in a certain period in his works or his expressions of his own atti-tudes do not go beyond his own personal interests, but actually what he did is to pursue the right to speak in the public space and to restore the spiritual home on the cultural ruins.

  9. 国家海洋经济战略下的商务岛规划探索——浙江舟山群岛新区小干岛商务区城市设计%The Experiment of Urban Planning under the National Marine Economy Strategy——XiaoGan Islands Business District Urban Design in ZhouShan Islands New Area, Zhejiang



      In 2011, with the new marine economy situation, the State, Council of China approved to establish the 4th State New Area, ZhouShan Islands New Area. XiaoGan Island wil be the carrier of the strategy “Four Islands and One City” . It wil become the“Sea Garden City”, the demostration area of ZhouShan Islands, the pioneer area of the state strategy which will coordinate the development land and sea. XiaoGan Island will take a very important role of national marine economy, to dislocate and supplement with the Yangtze River Metropolitan Area, to enhance and improve the function of the ZhouShan Islands, carry forward the marine culture, create the island-seaside life. It will be the island of “international, financial, business and intelligence”, with the core of marine finance business and the characteristic of marine culture. For the reason of implement the national strategy, accelerate the planning and construction of ZhouShan Islands New Area, the Construction Committee and the Planning Bureau of ZhouShan organized the international urban design competition. Shanghai Urban Planning and Design Research Institute participated the competition and submitted the project. This project wil provide the revelation and demonstration to form the planning mode of island business district which is under the guidance of the marine economy.%  2011年,在海洋经济新形势下,国务院正式批准设立第四个国家新区,即以海洋经济为主题的新区——舟山群岛新区。小干岛成为新区“四岛一城”战略的载体——我国陆海统筹发展先行区舟山群岛“海上花园城”的示范区。小干岛将承担国家海洋经济重任,与长三角都市圈错位互补,提升和完善舟山群岛功能格局,并发扬海洋文化,营造岛岸生活,成为以海洋金融商务为核心、海洋文化为特色的国际金融商务智慧岛。为落实国家战略,加快舟山群岛新区的规划与建设,舟

  10. View on the Measurement Model of the Spillover Effect of Educational Investment:A Discussion with Zhou Sheng, Liu Zhengliang%关于教育投入外溢效益计量模型之我见--与周胜、刘正良商榷

    胡庆十; 吴怡兴


    教育的经济效益有两大类和多个层次。教育的外溢效益是其间接效益的一类,包括三个层次。构建外溢效益的计量经济模型应有基本的要求,才会有科学的结论,尤其是关于第二、第三层次的效益模型。本文对周胜、刘正良构建的模型提出质疑,指出并分析其模型构建的不当之处和由此模型得出的多个错误结论。%The economic effect of education has two categories and multiple levels. The spillover effect of education, which contains three levels, is one kind of indirect economic effects. To construct econometric model of spillover effect, especially benefit model about the second and third level, we need to have the basic requirements, so that there will be scientific conclusions. This paper questions the model brought by Zhou Sheng and Liu Zhengliang, and points out and analyzes the improprieties of the model and the wrong conclusions inferred by the model.

  11. Regular and chaotic motions in many-body quantum systems; Moti regolari e caotici in sistemi quantici a molti corpi

    Canetta, G.; Maino, G.; Magnani, M.; Visparelli, D. [ENEA, Centro Ricerche Ezio Clementel, Bologna (Italy). Dipt. Innovazione


    In this report a detailed analysis is performed of IBM (interacting boson model) version 2, which explicitly introduces the isotopin degree of freedom. The different forms of the IBM-2 Hamiltonian usually considered in the literature, are discussed and explicit relations existing between them are deduced. Moreover, the semiclassical limit of the most general IBM-2 Hamiltonian is studied in details. Because of partial dynamic symmetries, the expectation of chaotic dynamic behaviour near to regular dynamics is shown. [Italian] In questo rapporto viene condotta un'analisi dettagliata del modello IBM nella versione 2 (IBM-2), il quale introduce esplicitamente il grado di liberta' di isopin. In particolare sono discusse le diverse forme dell'hamiltoniana IBM-2 solitamente considerate in letteratura, ricavandone in maniera esplicita le relazioni fra esse esistenti. Viene poi studiato il limite semiclassico dell'hamiltoniana IBM-2 piu' in generale. Si dimostra come, nel modello IBM, siano previsti comportamenti dinamici caotici a fianco di dinamiche regolari ed in particolare come queste persistano molto piu' di quanto ci si attenderebbe a priori per l'esistenza di simmetrie dinamiche parziali.

  12. Regular and chaotic motions in many-body quantum systems; Moti regolari e caotici in sistemi quantici a molti corpi

    Canetta, G.; Maino, G.; Magnani, M.; Visparelli, D. [ENEA, Centro Ricerche Ezio Clementel, Bologna (Italy). Dipt. Innovazione


    The interacting boson model (IBM) is a realistic model of nuclear structure, since it allows to cut off in a suitable way the complete space of the shell model states. In such a way, it offers a great simplicity of the numerical computation of the eigenvalue problem for a many-body non-relativistic quantum system, like a nucleus. In particular, the analytical solutions obtained in the case of dynamical symmetries correspond, in the classical limit, to completely integrable systems showing a regular dynamic behaviour. In this report, a detailed analysis is performed of the IBM version 2 (IBM-2), which explicitly introduces the isospin degree of freedom. The different forms of the IBM-2 Hamiltonian usually considered in the literature, are discussed, and the explicit relations existing between them are deduced. Moreover, the semiclassical limit of the most general IBM-2 Hamiltonian is studied in the details. Finally, the expectation of chaotic dynamic behaviour near to regular dynamics, in the IBM, and, in particular, the fact that the latter ones persist more than expected a priori, is shown. Maybe, this behaviour is to adduce to the existence of partial dynamic symmetries. [Italian] Il modello a bosoni interagenti (IBM) rappresenta un modello realistico della struttura nucleare, premettendo di troncare opportunamente lo spazio completo degli stati di modello a shell, e percio' offre una notevole semplicita' computazionale nella risoluzione numerica del problema degli autovalori per un sistema quantico non relativistico a molti corpi, quale e' un nucleo. In particolare, le soluzioni analitiche ottenute nel caso di simmetrie dinamiche corrispondono, nel limite classico, a sistemi completamente integrabili che mostrano un comportamento dinamico regolare. In questo rapporto viene condotta un'analisi dettagliata del modello IBM nella versione (IBM-2), il quale introduce esplicitamente il grado di liberta' di isospin. In particolare, sono discusse le diverse forme dell'Hamiltoniana IBM-2 solitamente considerate in letteratura, ricavandone in maniera esplicita le relazioni fra esse esistenti. VIene poi studiato in maniera approfondita il limite semiclassico dell'Hamiltoniana IBM-2 piu' generale. Infine, si dimostra come, nel modello IBM, siano previsti comportamenti dinamici caotici a fianco di dinamiche regolari, ed, in particolare, come queste ultime persistano molto piu' di quanto ci si attenderebbe a priori. Molto probabilmente, questo e' da addurre all'esistenza di simmetrie dinamiche parziali.

  13. Data mining analysis of medical record of large samples ‘blood stasis and heat' raised by professor ZHOU Zhong-ying%基于周仲瑛教授大样本“瘀热”病案数据挖掘分析研究报告

    叶放; 李国春; 沈波; 金路; 周学平; 吴勉华


    Objective: Exploring the clinical experience of refractory disease from large sample of 'blood stasis and heat' medical record by Chinese medicine Master Professor ZHOU Zhong-ying. Methods: 1024 cases of "blood stasis and heat" medical record were selected from 5005 cases treated by Professor ZHOU Zhong-ying, blood stasis and heat medical record database was established. Four diagnostic information, pathogenesis elements, herbs were analyzed. Results: ①incidence of blood stasis and heat pathogenesis was 20.1%, 160 kinds of diseases of internal medicine, surgery, gynecology, paediatrics were involved. ② pathogenesis of blood stasis and heat is characterized by mouth dry, dry stool, fatigue, dark urine, hypochondriac pain, abdomen bloating, dizziness, joint discomfort, etc. (more than 11%). ③pathological factors is characterized by heat, blood stasis, blood stasis and heat (more than 50%), disease location, mainly by liver, kidney, all internal organs involved. ④recipe of cooling blood and resolving stasis is characterized by rhino horn Rehmanniae decoction, peach kernel decoction, didang decoction, Bai Wei decoction. Conclusion: Pathogenesis of 'blood stasis and heat' can be presented in many difficult cases, clinical information representation can be found, it may often associated with other complex pathogenesis, such as Yin-deficiency.%目的:通过大样本病案分析总结、整理国医大师周仲瑛教授从“瘀热”论治内科难治性疾病的临床经验.方法:从周仲瑛教授经治的6005例临床病案中选择“瘀热”病案1024例,建立“瘀热”病案数据库,从瘀热相关四诊信息、病机证素、方药3个方面进行总结分析.结果:①“瘀热”病机在临床病案中出现率为20.8%,涉及内外妇儿等科160种疾病;②瘀热病机信息表征依次是口干、便干、乏力、尿黄、胁痛、神疲、腹胀、头昏、关节不适等(均超过11%);③涉及病理因素以热、瘀、

  14. On the “Two South”of The Book of Songs and Their Conveyance of the Ritual Music Spirit in Western Zhou Dynasty---Taking the Excavated Documents for Example%《诗经》“二南”对西周礼乐精神的传达--以出土文献为参照



    While Ji Zha viewed the “Two South”of The Book of Songs as the roots of the State,Con-fucius also hailed them as the soul of cultivating ones morality.However,people today have realized that the 25 poems contained are mainly concerned with love and marriage,which are far from the teaching of the very foundation of establishing ones self and constructing the State.Since Han dynasty,Confucianism scholars have exerted upmost efforts to maintain their special status,coming up with the many farfetched interpretations.So far there remain disputes over the nature of “Two South”of The Book of Songs.This paper,by using the excavated documents,attempts to reveal the real meaning of some of most controversial poems.Its found that, “Two South”were collected and artistically processed within the core area of the East and West Capital during early Western Zhou peri-od when Zhou Gong was creating rituals and music.Those poems mostly depict the etiquette contents of the relationships of marriage.Among them,Guan Ju is a template of the noblescourtship in the formal way.Han Guang is a vivid description of the etiquette of turning a girl into a woman and that of returning a horse.Ye You Si J un is the reproduction of the etiquette of bride-price,reconfirming an ap-pointment and “arranging the brides head scarf”during the marriage.The latter two poems are also a reveal of information of etiquette and custom of “Zhi Zhu Qian Ma”.In a word,these poems are not only vivid preserving of the noblesetiquette and custom related to love and marriage,but also the con-veyance of the spirit of observing the etiquette related to how the noble cultivate their moral character and manage the familys affairs well.%季札称《诗经》的《周南》《召南》为国之根基,孔子崇其为立身之本。而依今人眼光看,此二十五首作品多不过是些婚恋诗,似与立国立身相去甚远。另外,汉代以来的儒生为神化其价值,又不惜作出种

  15. ZHANG Yi-zhou Experience for a Stagnation of Nourishing Yin and Soothing Liver to Treat the Syndrome before and after Menopause%张翼宙自拟滋阴疏肝汤治疗绝经前后诸证经验拾零

    董会敬; 张翼宙


    Physician ZHANG Yi-zhou thinks deficiency of the liver and kidney is mainly caused by the syndrome before and after men-opause , and that pathogenesis is“nourishing liver and kidney, relieving the depressed liver”. She proposes the principle of“nourishing liver and kidney and relieving liver-qi stagnation”, as well as making the Ziyin shugan Decoction. The decoction is composed of Qing-hao Biejia Decoction complicated with the herbs of relievering the depressed liver. During clinical diagnosis and treatment,if cough’ s mainly organ are liver and kidney,with syndrome including menstrual disorder, vexation,insomnia, hestic fever,night sweat etc,Ziyin shugan Decoction can be applied in the appropriate to add and subtract.%张翼宙教授认为门诊病人绝经前后诸证多为肝肾亏虚所致,病机多为肝肾阴亏、肝气郁结,据此并提出滋补肝肾、疏肝解郁的治则,自拟滋阴疏肝汤。自拟方由青蒿鳖甲汤合并疏肝解郁药加减化裁而成。临床诊治中,若病变主脏在肝肾,证见月经紊乱、心烦失眠、烘热盗汗等,大抵可投以滋阴疏肝汤加减。

  16. The Adaptation Analysis of the English Writing Errors-Based on Freshmen Majored in English of XinZhou Teachers University%专业英语写作错误的顺应分析--基于忻州师范学院英语专业大一学生的实证研究



    Based on the Adaptation Theory ,the author analyses compositions from the freshmen of English major in XinZhou Teachers University .The results show that :The main errors existing in writing of fresh‐men majored in English mainly focused on the context adaptation and language structure adaptation .Con‐text adaptation can be reflected in semantic consistency and the use of subjuctivemood and language struc‐ture adaptation can be reflected in lexical ,syntactic structure ,and grammar rules .Finally the paper ex‐plores the causes of these errors under the guidance of Adaptation Theory and puts forward the corre‐sponding strategies for students'w riting mistakes .%以忻州师范学院英语专业大一学生的英语习作为语料,在顺应理论的指导下运用归纳法对其进行研究,结果表明:英语专业大一学生写作中存在的错误类型主要集中于语意连贯性的语境顺应和词汇、句法结构、语法规则使用错误等语言结构顺应方面,同时探究造成这些错误的原因,并在顺应理论的指导下针对学生写作错误提出了相应的策略。

  17. From the"Chen Yong-zhou incident"to talk about the influence of news occupation ethics on media credibility%从“陈永洲事件”谈新闻职业操守对媒体公信力的影响



    记者收受钱财,代人捉刀,成为商业恶性竞争的一步棋子,近年来屡见不鲜。而当真相赤裸裸的展现在世人面前时,媒体的公信力也正逐渐淹没在公众的质问和声讨中,“陈永洲事件”的轰动效应可见一斑。新媒体时代,公共信息愈发透明清晰,刻意隐藏真相反而显得欲盖弥彰,这也敦促着媒体人作为社会之公器,讲真话,办实事,坚守新闻伦理,秉持最基本的专业素养和职业操守,才能挽救岌岌可危的公信力。%The reporter receive money, the ghost, a row of commercial competition, in recent years It is often seen. But when the truth naked show in the world, the credibility of the media is also gradually submerged question in public and condemn,"remarkable sensation Chen Yong-zhou events". The new media era, public information more transparent and clear, deliberately hiding the truth becomes clearer, this also urged the media as a social justice, to tell the truth, do solid work, adhere to the news ethics, uphold the basic professional quality and occupation ethics, in order to save the precarious credibility.

  18. 乡村旅游安全研究——以福建省泉州市北溪村为例%Study on the security of rural tourism-- A case study of Bei Xi village, Quan Zhou City, Fujian Province

    刘海燕; 池进


    Although recent years the rural tourism develops well, and the research of rural tourism increases greatly, the current study on the research content to the domestic rural tourism lacks of system, mature, and the research framework is too separated. In addition, the representative research result of rural tourism empirical study and the security research is far from perfect. Therefore, the article takes Yong Chun county, Bei Xi village, Quan Zhou City, Fujian Province as their research ob- jects, analyzing the reason of rural tourism security from the tourism links, such as food and accommodation, by means of ques- tionnaire, interviews, experimental observation, literature analysis and mathematical statistics. At last, the corresponding measures of solving the existed problem in the rural tourism security are proposed.%虽然近几年乡村旅游发展势头良好,关于乡村旅游的研究也不断增多,但是目前国内针对乡村旅游的研究内容不够系统、成熟,研究框架较分散。另外,关于乡村旅游的实证研究、安全研究以及具有代表性的研究成果较少。文章以福建省泉州市永春县北溪村为研究对象,运用问卷调查法、访谈法、实地考察法、文献分析法和数理统计法,从餐饮、住宿等旅游环节分析乡村旅游安全的原因。最后,针对乡村旅游安全所存在的问题提出相应对策。

  19. The Political Market Imagination and the Analysis on China’s Governance:A Comment on Zhou Li-An’s Theory of Administrative Subcontract%政治市场想象与中国国家治理分析兼评周黎安的行政发包制理论



    In recent years economists have shown great interest in studying China’s governance .Despite differences ,their studies share a common imagination about the Chinese state ,named“political market” in this paper . In this imagination , three dimensions of Chinese state have been paid special attention to , that is , marketability ,multiagency‐orientation ,and politicalness .Zhou Li‐An’ s theory of administrative subcontract has made important contribution to all these three areas , and ends up greatly advancing the research on China’s governance from an economic perspective .The political market imagination ,however ,tends to overemphasize the marketability of the state at the expense of slighting its political‐ness . Just in the same vein of bias ,Zhou’ s article is in a weak position to specify the property and function of the state’s power ,and to define the concepts related .Despite this ,the political market imagination and Zhou’ s theory have still provided the scholars , including those outside economics , with a proactive , integrative , and analytical framework based on which they can build their theorization on China’s governance .%近年来,经济学越来越多地介入有关中国国家治理问题的研究。经济学对这一问题的关注始终围绕关于国家的“政治市场想象”展开。该想象有三个核心关切,即国家的市场性、多主体性和政治性。周黎安的“行政发包制”理论在这三个维度的每一个方面都有重要发展,将经济学的中国国家治理研究推进到一个新的高度。但“政治市场想象”重视国家的市场性而轻忽其政治性的倾向,也使周黎安模型对权力问题的分析较为薄弱,以致造成核心概念的界定不够清晰等问题。尽管如此,“政治市场想象”仍为中国国家治理研究提供了一个颇有启发性和整合性的思想框架。

  20. New Understanding of the Date of Emperor Zhou - mu and Queen West at Kunlun Mountain:On History Complex and Nature Space%周穆王与西王母昆仑之会的新阐释——兼论“历史情结”与自然空间



    远古神话周穆王与西王母昆仑之会,在跨越自然空间的“心”、“物”交感中,孕育出中土与西域心心相系的古老的“历史情结”;又以人的“文化的超机体因素”超越自然生态的“种内关系”,而且大胆实施空间创造,把纷繁复杂的现实因素转化为“柔远能迩”、“和远又和近”的空间思辨;同时在“心”随“物”(自然空间)游中,展开对自然的诗意想象,以生命的执着冲破内心孤独,努力践行追求和谐、统一的空间行为,从而在“原生态自然”中编织了关于中原与西域不可分割的“生命”之链,升华了“历史情结”。%In Chinese ancient myth, the date of Queen West and Emperor Zhou -mu gestated the old epenthetic historic complex between Chinese middle land and Western territory in the supernatural spatial interaction of mind and thing. On the other hand, they didn't only surpass natural ecosystem's inner genus relation as human's cultural super -organ, but also created space boldly and changed the complex reality into space dialectic of placate - far - and - dominate - near and moderated - far - and - near. Thirdly, they presented poetic imagination of nature by mind -and -thing's wandering, and pursued the harmonized and unified space as punctilious life - and - mind, and then weaved the undivided life - chain between Chinese - middle - land and Western -terrain, raising historic complex to a higher level.

  1. 后金融危机背景下泉州中小服装企业跨境电商发展对策研究%The Cross-border Electronic Business Development Countermeasure Research of Small and Medium-sized Clothing Enterprises in Quan Zhou under the Background of Post Financial Crisis



    The small and medium-sized clothing enterprises in Quan Zhou mainly make foreign trade processing.In the post economic crisis era,the small and medium-sized clothing enterprises face many difficulties.The booming of global cross-border electricity can provide a solution idea for the small and medium-sized clothing enterprises to lower the cost,reduce the trade friction and enhance the international reputation.This paper aims at the current problem of small and medium-sized clothing enterprises in the cross-border electrical business;it provides the solution for enterprises and government.On the enterprises part:they need to cultivate and attract talents,enhance the level of marketing,strengthen product innovation,create international brand,establish and maintain good reputation in companies and products. On the government part:they need to improve the laws and regulations of cross-border electricity,create electricity industrial park,promote the development of cross-border electricity agglomeration and strengthen cross-border electricity for the construction of logistics infrastructure.%泉州中小服装企业以外贸加工为主,在后金融危机时代,泉州中小服装企业面临发展中的诸多困境。跨境电商在全球的蓬勃兴起,为泉州中小服装企业降低成本、减少贸易摩擦和提升国际知名度提供了解决思路。文章针对泉州中小服装企业在进行跨境电商中存在的问题,提出企业方面需要培养和吸引跨境电商所需人才、提升营销水平、加强产品的创新、创立国际品牌、建立和维护好企业和产品的信誉;政府方面需要进一步完善跨境电商的法律法规、打造电商产业园、促进跨境电商集聚发展和加强跨境电商物流基础设施的建设等建议。

  2. 清初在越华商移民及其文化形态--以《罗塔洲重修公亭碑》为线索%Chinese Merchants in Vietnam and Its Cultural Formation in the Early Qing Dynasty-Clues from the Inscription on the Rebuilding Luo-Ta-Zhou Public Monument

    张濯清; 黎氏梅[越南


    The early Qing Dynasty witnessed the peak of Chinese immigration to Vietnam, and the frequent exchange between Chi⁃nese culture and Vietnamese culture. A new discovered monument, named the Rebuilding Luo⁃Ta⁃Zhou Public Monument, recorded the historical events about the rebuilding in the 18th century. It reflected the basic information about Mr. Chang Hung⁃chi, a representative figure of Chinese merchants in Vietnam, and his families. It also contained lots of other information about the cultural exchange between China and Vietnam. Based on the studies of the inscription and field survey data, it can be found that Chinese merchants in Vietnam in the Early Qing Dynasty took many active measures to integrate into the Vietnamese society while carrying forward and spreading the tra⁃ditional Chinese culture, which made the special cultural formation of Chinese Merchants in Vietnam in the Early Qing Dynasty.%清初是华商移居越南的高峰时期,中越文化交流十分频繁。新发现的《罗塔洲重修公亭碑》即如实记录了18世纪重修罗塔洲公亭一事,反映出在越华商代表人物会安明乡社“三后贤”之一张弘基及其家族的相关情况,透露出中越文化交流的诸多信息。结合碑刻及笔者调查所得可知,以张氏家族为代表的清初在越华商在继承、传播中华文化传统的同时,又采取多种方式积极融入越南社会,从而形成了独具自身特点的文化形态。

  3. 周代丧葬礼器“翣”的再探讨--关于“山”字形薄铜片的考证%Further Discussion about Funeral Ceremonial‘Sha’(翣) of Zhou Dynasty-- Research on the Mountain-Shaped Bronze Sheet

    胡; 王米佳


    在战国以前,“翣”应该是特指由羽毛编制而成的扇子,将“山”字形薄铜片定为“铜翣”,与文献不符。《礼记·檀弓上》中“周人墙置翣”的“翣”,很可能类似古埃及作为王权象征的半圆形长柄礼仪羽扇,是由羽毛和青铜羽座两部分组成,“山”字形薄铜片或只是羽扇的铜羽座。周代墓葬中出土的所谓“玉戈”,就是古文献中记载的玉圭。《礼记·丧大记》中的“皆戴圭”应该是指棺饰“戴圭”,而不是指翣“戴圭”。%The usage of the Chinese character“Sha”(翣)before the Warring States period should denote the feather-attached fans specifically. Attributing the mountain-shaped bronze sheets as“Sha”is therefore inconsistent with ancient texts. The“Sha”in was likely to be semicircular, long-handled feather fan, similar to the ceremonial feather fans of ancient Egypt symbolizing royal power. The mountain-shaped bronze sheets would more likely be a feather holder as the fan would likely be composed of feathers and a bronze base for mounting. The so-called jade“Ge”(戈)unearthed from the tombs of the Zhou Dynasty should thus be jade“Gui”(圭)recorded in ancient texts as an identification of feudal nobleman.“All wearing Gui”in should thus refer to the coffin decorations wearing“Gui”instead of“Sha”wearing“Gui”.

  4. 企业绿色产品营销策略研究*--以周黑鸭食品股份有限公司为例%Research on Green Product Marketing of ZhouHeiYa Food Co,Ltd

    李林; 岳传扬


    随着人们绿色环保意识的不断提升和绿色农产品消费市场的不断扩大,企业践行绿色营销观念、推进绿色产品营销成为满足顾客需求和应对市场挑战的重要手段。作为一家立足于“绿色、安全、健康”经营理念的农产品深加工企业,周黑鸭食品有限公司在绿色产品营销上有很多举措,同时也面临一些亟待解决的问题。文章以武汉市场500名消费者为调查样本,从绿色产品的认知、意向及行为三个方面进行调查,由此指出:企业应帮助消费者提升绿色消费认知;促进政府加强市场监管企业自身应加快技术研发;从消费者、政府、企业三个层面合力推进企业绿色产品营销创新。%With the increasing improvement of people's awareness of green environmental protection and the continuous expansion of consumption market of the green agricultural products , the enterprises promote green marketing idea, which has become the important means to meet customer's demand and market competition. As a deep processing enterprise of agricultural products based on the "green health and safe management i-dea", ZhouHeiYa Food Co.,Ltd promoted many measures on green product marketing, but meanwhile, it also faced some problems to be solved .Taking 500 consumers of pot -roast products in Wuhan as the re-search sample, this paper made the investigation on three aspects: consumption cognition , consumption in-tention and consumption behaviour of green products .It concluded that green marketing innovation of enter-prises should be promoted through strengthening green consumption education , upgrading green consumption cognition, strengthening market management, and improving technology development.

  5. ZHENG ZHOU: A Prospering City in Middle China


    @@ With a pleasant climate,Zhengzhou is welcoming all year round.The hottest month is July and the average temperature is about 27 C while the coldest month is January with an average temperature of -0.2 C.Autumn and spring ale the best and the peak tourist seasons.

  6. The "Stone" Strategy of Zhou Youfu——Interview of Zhou Youfu, the Board Chairman of Tangshou Haoning Group

    Niu Fangli


    @@ Among the gold digging army, there is a special group who started their business out of nothing,by focusing on the import & export of iron ore.They expanded their business at a high speed and their companies are becoming stronger.And as the international price for iron ore is constantly going up, they are coming out of their shadow gradually.

  7. Contemporary Comments on "Four Reviews" of "A Dream of Red Mansions"——taking Zhou Ruchang,Feng Qiyong,Cai Yijiang,Wang Meng as examples%当代《红楼梦》评点“四家评”综论之一——以周汝昌、冯其庸、蔡义江、王蒙为例



    The comment about "A Dream of Red Mansions" since "Zhi Yanzhai",an earlier commentator,has been a special form of literary appreciating and literary criticism,which is quite popular among readers.The most influential contemporary comments are the ones made by Zhou Ruchang,Feng Qiyong,Cai Yijiang and Wang Meng."Four Reviews" are very popular and loved by readers of A Dream of Red Mansions.Not only did "Four Reviews" widened the perspectives and approaches on the study of "A Dream of Red Mansions",but have achieved traditional Chinese fiction commentary's self-improvement to some extent,especially the quality of comments about "A Dream of Red Mansions".Besides,it is also beneficial for the construction of contemporary literary appreciation.%《红楼梦》评点自脂砚斋以来一直是受到《红楼梦》读者喜爱的一种文学鉴赏和文学批评的特有形式。当代《红楼梦》评点影响最大的当属周汝昌、冯其庸、蔡义江、王蒙等"四家评","四家评"正广为流传,并受到《红楼梦》读者的喜爱。"四家评"不仅拓宽了《红楼梦》的研究视野和研究途径,也在一定程度上实现了传统小说评点尤其是《红楼梦》评点理论品格的自我提升,并且有益于当代文艺鉴赏学的建设。

  8. Funeral Etiquette and Ritual of the Dying and the Last Testament in the Zhou Dynasty---Taking SHANGSHU· GUMING,the Last Testament in the Chunqiu Dynasty, and BAOXUN for Examples%丧礼临终之仪与周代遗训遗言--以《尚书·顾命》、春秋“遗训”及清华简《保训》为中心



    《尚书·顾命》、《左传》、《国语》及近出清华简《保训》等史料记载了周代的丧礼临终之仪,以及作为“礼文”的“遗训”与“遗言”。从《顾命》到《左传》等所载来看,丧礼临终之仪的实行有自上而下传播的趋势,较之《顾命》所载,春秋时代的遗训书面化、礼仪化特征逐渐减弱,口语化的特点比较突出。对比而言,清华简《保训》是春秋时人根据《顾命》拟写的文王遗训。%The historical records and materials , including the Chinese ancient book SHA NGSHU · GUMING , ZUOZHUA N , GUOYU , and BAOXUN in Tsinghua bamboo scripts , have recorded the funeral etiquette and ritual of the dying in the Zhou Dynasty , and the last testament in funeral articles . From the records of GUMING to ZUOZHUAN ,the implement of the funeral etiquette and ritual of the dying has a tendency to spread from top to bottom . Compared with the records in GUMING , the colloquial characteristic in the Chunqiu Dynasty was more obvious while the written pattern and the ritual and etiquette of dying were inclining . In contrast , according to GUMING , BAOXUN in Tsinghua bamboo scripts was imitated by people in the Chunqiu Dynasty.

  9. On the Continuity and Interpretation of "Pray Agriculture" Folk-custom of Zhou People:Farming Cultural Connotations of the Festival "Dragon Rise on the 2~(nd) of February of Lunar Calendar" in East Gansu%周人“祈农”民俗传统的延续与演绎——陇东“二月二龙抬头”节俗的农业文化内涵管窥



    The festival of "Dragon Rise on the 2nd of February of Lunar Calendar" is an important traditional folk festival in the Northwest and also a festival closely related with the agricultural production.This paper mainly focuses on the farming cultural connotations of the "Dragon Rise on the 2nd of February of Lunar Calendar" such as offering sacrifice to dragon,dragon dancing,snake drawing worship,beating dustpan and the blind game,sprinkling dust,hitting the eaves,community memorial ceremony,carrying on buckets of water in the morning,frying peas,eating flour and vegetable roll,pasting paper dragon,patting tiles,festival haircut,local opera,welcoming wealth,avoiding the taboo of dragon and so on,discusses the continuity and interpretation of "pray agriculture"folk-custom of Zhou people and reveals its contemporary value and the significance of conservation of this traditional festival.%"二月二龙抬头"节是西北民间重要的传统节日,也是一个与农业生产有密切关系的节日。本文主要以陇东地区民间"二月二龙抬头"节俗的民俗事项"祭龙、舞龙、画图拜蛇、打灰簸箕、打瞎瞎、洒灰、击房檐、社祭、担晨水、炒豆豆、吃搅团糊龙头、拍瓦片、理龙头、唱大戏、迎富、避龙忌"等蕴含的文化内涵入手,以期管窥其对周人"祈农"民俗传统的延续与演绎,从而揭示其在当代社会的价值以及对其进行保护的意义。

  10. 效益最优视角下的我国视频侦查工作进路--基于周克华案、波士顿马拉松爆炸案、伦敦地铁爆炸案的比较研究%Study on the Working Approach of our Video Investigation from the Perspective of Optimal Effectiveness---Based on Comparative Case Studies of Zhou Ke-hua Case, Boston Marathon Bombing and the London Subway Bombing



    The implementation of our video investigation work involves condition of investment and effect .Bas-ic parameter, investment and effect of Zhou Ke-hua case, Boston Marathon Bombing case and London Subway Bombings Case are specific indexes of evaluating video investigation .Optimal effectiveness of video investigation is the maximization of investigation efficiency with limited cost .The economic model of optimal effectiveness of video investigation includes ideal and real functions .Optimal effectiveness of video investigation should also take content of law and sociology into consideration .Working approach of China's video investigation from the perspective of op-timal effectiveness is a integral project which involves theory , hardware , staff and mechanism .%我国视频侦查工作的实施状况包括投入与效果两个层面。周克华案、波士顿马拉松爆炸案、伦敦地铁爆炸案中的案件基本参数状况、资源投入状况与收益状况是评价视频侦查工作实施状况的具体指标。视频侦查工作效益最优是指在视频侦查资源成本投入一定的情况下实现侦查效益的最大化。视频侦查工作效益最优的经济学模型包括理想与现实状态两种函数。视频侦查工作的效益最优还应当兼顾法学与社会学领域的内容。效益最优视角下的我国视频侦查工作进路是一种体系化的工作形式,由原理、硬件、人员与机制四个层面的内容组成。

  11. Neptune (Haiwang): A Magazine of the Modern China National Industry Group Yung-Chiu (Yongjiu) and Its Scientific Papers%"永久"团体的《海王》旬刊及其科技文章




  12. Past Really Is Prologue Interview of Zhou Haijiang,president of Hongdou Group

    shang Lin'aiyi


    @@ Hongdou Group, one of China's manufacturing Goliaths in terms of garment industry.alwavs keeps weaving legends and fermenting flourishes. "Hongdou" is a transliteration of Chinese charaeters "red bean" . which bears a speeial meaning in Chinese culture: red bean is jequirity, symbolizing love and blessings ,as this connotation declares,Hongdou Croup always refresthes its progresses...

  13. Zhou et al., Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. (2012) 9(3):303-314


    The endometriosis-associated inflammatory response, tissue repair ... regulating cell proliferation, activation, motility, adhesion, chemotaxis and ..... brain penetration through the blood-brain barrier owing to the contribution of PgP ... be conducted on the other potential mechanisms involved in ESMB relieving endometriosis.

  14. The Western Zhou Building Foundations at Yuntang and Qizhenin Fufeng County, Shaanxi, in 1999-2000

    徐良高; 刘绪; 孙秉君; 丁晓雷


    Since the autumn of 1999, the Zhouyuan Archaeological Team organized by the Institute of Archaeology, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Shaanxi Provincial Institute of Archaeology, and the School of Archaeology and Museology of Peking University carried out large-scale archaeological investigations and excavations in the Zhouyuan 周原 Site.

  15. China’s Grand Strategy and the Statecraft of Zhou Enlai


    of I 1 Amencan hberahsm”,’ and 1fao is reported to have told a U S Senator that he had been impresed with Xlxon’s 1967 article m Fez-ezgzz Afizrs...1 Stanley Karnow, Mao and Chzna A Legacy of Turmozl. (New York Penguin Books 1990) 3d ed , Chapter 20, The Road to Recovery 2 Henq Klsslnger

  16. Speech by Mr. Zhou Tienong at The Opening Ceremony of the 2012 Understanding and Cooperation Dialogue


    正The 2012 Understanding and Cooperation Dialogue opens today. I'd like to extend heartfelt congratulations to the convening of the Dialogue, as well as my warm welcome to the political leaders and friends from different countries who have come to China for the Dialogue.

  17. A Discussion on Bronze Plate of Zhou Chan%周阐铜牌解读




  18. Impression on Youth Court in Guang Zhou%广州少年法庭印象




  19. Microarray analysis of genes affected by salt stress in tomato | Zhou ...

    Microarray analysis of genes affected by salt stress in tomato. ... African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology ... key enzyme genes in the metabolic pathways of carbohydrates, amino acids, and fatty acids, were also affected by ...

  20. A general "bang-bang" principle for predicting the maximum of a random walk

    Allaart, Pieter C


    Let $(B_t)_{0\\leq t\\leq T}$ be either a Bernoulli random walk or a Brownian motion with drift, and let $M_t:=\\max\\{B_s: 0\\leq s\\leq t\\}$, $0\\leq t\\leq T$. This paper solves the general optimal prediction problem \\sup_{0\\leq\\tau\\leq T}\\sE[f(M_T-B_\\tau)], where the supremum is over all stopping times $\\tau$ adapted to the natural filtration of $(B_t)$, and $f$ is a nonincreasing convex function. The optimal stopping time $\\tau^*$ is shown to be of "bang-bang" type: $\\tau^*\\equiv 0$ if the drift of the underlying process $(B_t)$ is negative, and $\\tau^*\\equiv T$ is the drift is positive. This result generalizes recent findings by S. Yam, S. Yung and W. Zhou [{\\em J. Appl. Probab.} {\\bf 46} (2009), 651--668] and J. Du Toit and G. Peskir [{\\em Ann. Appl. Probab.} {\\bf 19} (2009), 983--1014], and provides additional mathematical justification for the dictum in finance that one should sell bad stocks immediately, but keep good ones as long as possible.

  1. A study on the status quo of forest type and evaluation of naturalness and managerial level in hongtian village in Yung-an%永安市洪田村森林类型现状及森林自然度与经营度评价

    胡丽秋; 邓华锋


    After taking sample plot survey of all stand in hongtian village in Fujian Province ,then analysis all various types of forest resources direct at the status quo, we knew that the region' s native vegetation has been almost non-existent, the major existing natural forest are broad-leaved, and the main managerial object is the large-area china fir. The double evaluation system which including the naturality (including labor system and non-labor system, seven subclasses, VI level) and the management and protection level (four kinds) was established. In Hongtian, the total area of broad-leaved forest is 35.3%, of which7.9% in general-managerial level (business management and protection degree less than 2) ,but 27.4% was poor; fir stand was up to 40.6%, but in low naturalness, of which 33.4% in IV naturalness and well-managed(the management and protection level is 3); The proportion of exotic species Eucalyptus was 4.7%, which naturalness is low (V class) and in general managerial level (=2); the area proportion of orchards was 9.4% and most of them was in high managerial level (=3).%在对福建省洪田村所有林分采用样地调查后,对该村的各种类型的森林资源进行现状分析,该地区的原生植被已经几乎不存在,现存的天然林多以阔叶林为主,大面积的杉木林是主要的经营对象.建立了自然度(分人工系统和非人工系统,7小类,分Ⅵ级)和经营管护度(4种)双重评价体系对洪田村的森林进行了评价,占总面积比35.3%的阔叶林,其中27.4%处于无经营管护状态,7.9%的管护一般(经营管护度低于2);杉木林高达40.6%,但自然度偏低,其中33.4%的处于Ⅳ级,管护状态良好(3级);外来树种桉树4.7%经营度一般(2级),且自然度极低(V级):果树林9.4%,管护程度良好(3级).

  2. 唐代南宁州都督府属州交通与地望研究%The Study about the Jimi Zhou's Traffic and Location of the Nanning Zhou Dudu Fu in the Tang Dynasty




  3. 唐宋集群羁縻州之典型--雅属羁縻州%The Model of Clustered Jimi Zhou (羁縻州) in the Tang and Song Dynasties: the jimi zhou under Ya zhon




  4. "A Personal Reflection on Norodom Sihanouk and Zhou Enlai: An Extraordinary Friendship on the Fringes of the Cold War"

    Ambassador Julio A. Jeldres


    Full Text Available I was sixteen years old when I first read about Norodom Sihanouk and Cambodia. Jacqueline Kennedy’s visit to Cambodia in November 1967 had been widely reported by the press in my homeland, Chile, where her assassinated husband was greatly admired. Through Jackie Kennedy’s visit to Cambodia, I became interested in Norodom Sihanouk’s fascinating life, totally unaware that, years later, our paths would cross and I would become his private secretary. My Cambodian friends often tell me that it was my destiny. In 1967, I wanted to know more about Cambodia. Since there was no information available, I wrote to the Cambodian mission at the United Nations. I found it unbelievable, but four months later I received a handwritten letter back from Sihanouk himself. That began our friendship, which was first conducted through correspondence...

  5. Zhou Yueting's Experience on Treatment of Asthma%周耀庭治疗哮喘病的经验

    商建军; 庞秀花



  6. Assessment of Cu, Pb and Hg Contamination in Bottom Sediments Of Surface Water in XuZhou

    王晓; 韩宝平; 朱雪强


    Pollution of heavy metals Cu,Pb and Hg is assessed using geo-accumulation index in this paper. The result shows that the bottom sediments of surface water in Xuzhou is polluted by these heavy metals to deferent degrees, of which the Jinma River is the most serious, and then the Kuihe River, the abandoned Yellow River, and the Jinghang Canal. The Yunlong Lake has also been polluted by Hg. The three kinds of heavy metals in the order of concentration is Hg>Cu>Pb. The pollution degree and the type of element is closely related with industrial structure in Xuzhou.

  7. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Narrow line Seyfert 1 galaxies from SDSS-DR3 (Zhou+, 2006)

    Zhou, H.; Wang, T.; Yuan, W.; Lu, H.; Dong, X.; Wang, J.; Lu, Y.


    We carried out a systematic search for narrow line Seyfert 1 galaxies (NLS1s) from objects assigned as "QSOs" or "galaxies" in the spectroscopic sample of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release 3 (SDSS DR3) by a careful modeling of their emission lines and continua. The result is a uniform sample comprising ~2000 NLS1s. This sample dramatically increases the number of known NLS1s by a factor of ~10 over previous compilations. This paper presents the parameters of the prominent emission lines and continua, which were measured accurately with typical uncertainties <10%. Taking advantage of such an unprecedented large and uniform sample with accurately measured spectral parameters, we carried out various statistical analyses, some of which were only possible for the first time. (1 data file).

  8. A Modeling Approach for Farmland Protection Zoning Considering Spatial Heterogeneity: A Case Study of E-Zhou City, China

    Jianhua He


    Full Text Available Farmland protection in China is facing multiple pressures, including urbanization, population growth and ecological degradation. Primary farmland zoning was introduced as a basic state policy to ensure national food security. Previous studies about “primary farmland zoning” have always taken the factors as global linear variables, neglecting the spatial heterogeneity of the study areas. Based on the Development Priority Zoning (DPZ strategy, we present a zoning approach using Bayesian networks (BNs for considering regional differences. The networks were developed using quantitative biophysical and economic variables from multi-scale and historical change data of farmland. The simulated results substantiate that this method can ensure the agricultural quality, stability and connectivity of primary farmland. Furthermore, it can further optimize the spatial allocation of primary farmland to meet the development conditions and trends of different sub-regions, promoting the balance between the farmland protection, urban development and ecological protection of certain regions.

  9. Taking a Toll(Toll-free holidays bring massive congestion and opposition by highway operators By Zhou Xiaoyan)


    Dubbed the "'Golden Week," the National Day holiday (normally October 1-7) is a traditional peak travel period for many Chinese who hit the road. But this year's holiday was different from years past: most motorists across the country were exempt from paying toll fees.

  10. The Study of Ji Tian in Shang and Zhou Dynasty%商周籍田研究



    Ji means cultivating ,developing to the means of cultivating the land by people’s strength .Ji Tian is referring to“Ji Tian Qian Mu”narrowly ,and that generally refers to noble’s farmland .Big family organization ,king can communicate with God and people believe the king’s power and rights comes from the God ,which are two significant basic essentials of the exist of Ji Tian .Ji Tian is the important perform‐ance of The Assigned Labour System in agriculture .Ji Tian is a scientific measurement of count and con‐trol the population .King Xuan did not cultivate“Qian Mu” ,shows “Shi” are hard to maintain ,which is characterized by knowing the number of people without census count .Ji Tian was included in the“Shi” , and gradually intended to collapse .The economic reformations in the Spring -autumn times ,achieved that the assigned labour in Ji Tian was completely replaced by fixed material tax in land .%籍,本作耤,本义是耕作,后引申为借民力耕田。狭义上的籍田是殷周时期王侯举行籍礼的籍田,广义上的籍田是王侯贵族田庄,前者仅仅是后者中的最重要的一块。强大的家族组织、王能够“绝地天通”和民众相信“君权神授”是籍田存在的社会组织基础和社会信仰基础。籍田是指定服役制度在农业上的重要表现,也是清点人数和实现人口控制的重要举措。宣王料民于太原,表明以“不料民”为特征便可知民数的“事”难以维持了,籍田便包括在这些“事”之中。春秋战国时期的改革是实物地租彻底取代了籍田上固定劳役。

  11. Discussion on "Gaining Efficiency via Weight Estimators for Multivariate Failure Time Data" by Fan, Zhou and Chen

    KUK Anthony


    @@ The survival analysis literature has always lagged behind the categorical data literature in developing methods to analyze clustered or multivariate data. While estimators based on working correlation matrices, optimal weighting, composite likelihood and various variants have been proposed in the categorical data literature, the working independence estimator is still very much the prevalent estimator in multivariate survival data analysis.

  12. The Brief Elaboration Of Zhou Meiling'S Homosexual Films%周美玲的同志电影论略

    杨田田; 赵海龙



  13. Ode or Blasphemy to Father Generation: Examination of Self and Others the Mutual Direction to "Father on Trial" Moti{ in Saga Novels of Ming and Qing Dynasties%颂父与渎父:自审亦他审——明清家族小说审父母题的双向理路



    There is an intensely observed history of "father on trial" motif in saga novels of Ming and Qing dynasties. On the one hand, it is on the basis of the father generation's worry, and aims to affirm the positive values of the traditional patriarchal civilization, which symbolizes the ode to father generation; on the other hand, it is on the basis of the son generation's rebellion, and aims to let the father generation retreat and to weaken their positive roles, or even to uglily them, which leads to the blasphemy to the father generation in "generation gap conflict". The motif of ode and blasphemy to father generation is different from binary opposition, but mutual examination between father generation and son generation, as well as between examinations of others and self-question. During the process of negative positiveness and positive negativeness, hopes and dreams are rebuilt.%明清家族小说的审父母题一方面基于父辈的忧思,肯定传统父性文明的正面价值,呈现颂父倾向;另一方面,以子辈的叛逆视角将父亲隐退或是正面作用弱化,甚至审丑化处理,在父子冲突中呈现渎父倾向。这种颂父与渎父并非二元对立的形态,而是父与子的对视、“他审”和“自审”的互审式结构形态,在否定中的肯定和肯定中的否定的过程中重构理想和希望。

  14. Featur e mat chi ng based gI obaI moti on esti mati on for aeriaI video data%航拍视频中基于特征匹配的全局运动估计

    宋宇; 李嵩; 游海龙; 翁新武


    A global motion six‐parameter approximate transformation model is built between the adjacent frames according to the features of aerial video images .The arbitrary transformation model between the frames can be obtained through the "frame‐to‐frame" recursion .The matching method based on corner features are used to extract the effective match points and the simulation results show that the method is simple and feasible .%根据航拍视频成像特点,得到相邻帧之间全局运动的六参数近似变换模型,任意帧之间的变换模型通过“帧到帧”的方式递归获得。采用角点特征匹配方法提取出有效的匹配点,实验结果表明该方法简单可靠。

  15. “90后”师范类大学生入党动机调查及对策研究--以绍兴文理学院为例%Survey on "Post-90s" Normal University Students' Moti-vation of Joining the Party and the Countermeasures:A Case Study on Shaoxing University



    目前,随着我国社会市场化不断深入,大学生入党动机价值多元化日趋明显,部分学生存在功利化倾向,影响着党员队伍的质量。上世纪90年代出生的师范类大学生在高校中相对特殊,他们大部分是在新世纪第一个十年以后进入大学校园,价值观与以往的大学生有着很大不同。他们毕业后将进入各地中、小学工作,肩负培养祖国下一代的使命。他们是否具有正确的入党动机将直接关系到他们在职场中的价值取向,也会影响到中、小学生的人生观、世界观和价值观的树立。本文通过发放调研问卷与访谈等形式调查了“90后”师范类在校大学生入党的原因和动机,提出了如何引导他们树立正确入党动机的建议。%Currently, with the deepening of China's market-ori-ented society, the diversification of university students' motivation and value of joining the Party becomes increasingly evident, and even some students tend to be utilitarian, affecting the quality of Party members. Mostly having entered university campus after the first decade of the new century, normal university students born in 1990s, are relatively particular at university, and their values are greatly different from those of the past university students. They will become primary and secondary school teachers around the country after graduation, shouldering the mission of cultivat-ing the next generation of the motherland. Whether they have correct motivation of joining the Party will directly influence their value orientation in the workplace, as well as the establishment of primary and secondary school students' outlooks on life, world and values, so their motivation of joining the Party is particularly important. By questionnaire and interview, the writer investigated"post-90s"normal university students' reasons and motivations of joining the Party, and proposed suggestions on how to guide them to establish correct motivation of joining the Party.

  16. 酉州乌羊生长曲线拟合分析研究%Study on growth curve fitting of YouZhou Black Goat

    方亚; 黄勇富; 王高富


    对酉州乌羊体重随月龄增长应用Logistic、Gompertz、Richards模型进行生长曲线拟合分析,建立公、母羊的拟合曲线方程及求出拐点体重、拐点月龄。结果表明:三种模型均能很好地拟合公、母羊生长规律,Logistic、Gompertz、Richards模型拟合公羊的拟合度(R2)分别为0.987、0.995、0.987,母羊拟合度(R2)0.968、0.9810.968,三种模型相互比较,Gompertz模型拟合效果最好。%Youzhou black goats weight increase with age application Logistic, Gompertz, Richardss model for growth curve fitting analysis, male goat and famale goat's equation and find the Inflexion point of body weight, Inflexion age. maximal growth rate.The results showed that:three models can fit male goat and famale goat growth pattern, Logistic, Gompertz, Richards three model fitting male goat goodness of fit (R2) were 0.987,0.995,0.987,famale goat goodness of fit (R2) 0.968,0.981 0.968, three models compare with each other, Gompertz model fit the best.

  17. Herder and ZHOU Zuo-ren%赫尔德与周作人——民俗学与民族性




  18. The Achievement of Sapan to Develop Buddhism in Liang Zhou Area%略述萨班在凉州等地的弘法事迹




  19. 殷周人神关系之演进及思考%The Evolution and Thought of Relation of Men and Gods during Yin and Zhou Dynasties




  20. 周作人与夏目漱石"余裕"论%Zhou Zuoren and the Ample Theory of Natsume Souseki




  1. Analysis of the Relationship Between Zhou Zuo-ren and Soseki Natsume%浅析周作人作品对夏目漱石的受容




  2. Zhen Zhou and Bianzhou new district development basing on symbiotic relationship%基于共生视角的郑汴新区发展

    王克亚; 成小梅


    伴随着全球化进程和劳动地域分工的进一步深化,经济竞争超越国界,更多表现为区域之间、城市之间的合作性竞争,而区域间的竞争合作受经济、政治、生态环境、人口、文化以及观念等多种因素的影响。本文引入种群生态学中的共生理论,将区域合作的双方视为存在复杂关系的有机体,通过分析郑汴区域合作的共生条件、共生特征及存在的问题,提出相应对策及建议。%With the deepening of globalization and geographic labor division,economic competition has gone beyond nation,with more performance of Co-opertition between regions and cities,while regional cooperation is influenced by economics,politics,ecological environment,?population,culture,localism and other factors.?This paper introduces the theory of symbiosis from population ecology,and supposes the two sides of regional cooperation as complex organism.With analysis of the symbiotic conditions,characteristics and problems of the new area of Zhengzhou—Kaifeng,corresponding countermeasures and suggestions was proposed.

  3. International Law Regulations of Disability Discrimination in Sports ZHOU Qing-shan%体育领域残疾歧视的国际法规制



    Abstract: Sport right is one of the important rights enjoyed by the disabled. But the disability discrimination in sports field has seriously affected the realization of the sport rights of the disabled. There are two channels in the international society to control the disability discrimination in sports field, including the hard law such as the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and the soft law such as the Olympic Charter. Through the efforts of the international community, the disabled people have more and more opportunities to participate in mass sports and competitive sports, yet further measures need to be taken to ensure the full realization of the sport rights of the disabled people.%体育权利是残疾人所应该享有的一项重要权利,体育领域的残疾歧视严重影响了残疾人体育权利的实现。国际社会对体育领域残疾歧视的规制主要有硬法规制和软法规制,硬法如《残疾人权利公约》,软法如《奥林匹克宪章》。经过国际社会的努力,残疾人参与群众体育和竞技体育获得了较大的发展,但仍需继续采取措施保障残疾人体育权利的更大实现。

  4. Zhou Zuo-ren:Being in the Dostoyevsky's Discourse%周作人:在陀思妥也夫斯基的话语活动中




  5. 细胞信号传导抑制剂Glivec的研究进展%Research Advance on Cell Signal Blocking Agent Zhou Aiping Reviewed by Feng Fengyi

    周爱萍; 冯奉仪


    @@ 研究表明细胞信号传导异常与一些恶性肿瘤的发生和发展密切相关,抑制异常的细胞信号传导是恶性肿瘤治疗的又一新靶点.2001年5月10日美国FDA批准了一个用于治疗慢性粒细胞性白血病(CML)的酪氨酸激酶抑制剂Imatinib,即甲磺酸伊马替尼,商品名为Glivec.Glivec是第一个被正式批准用于治疗恶性肿瘤的细胞信号传导的抑制剂.

  6. Correction: Xingchen Zhou, et al. Whole Exome Sequencing in Psoriasis Patients Contributes to Studies of Acitretin Treatment Difference. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 295

    Xingchen Zhou


    Full Text Available We would like to submit the following correction to the published paper [1], the reason for this action is that the data in Table 3 were reanalyzed by one more accurate statistic method: On page 12, the sentence of paragraph three “OR and 95% CI were calculated by limited backward-LR (likelihood ratio logistic regression analysis with adjustment by clinical variables” should be corrected into “OR and 95% CI were calculated by limited enter logistic regression analysis with adjustment by clinical variables”.[...

  7. Ordinary Scenes Illustrate SpecialAtmosp here under Their Brushes——Appreciating the art ofZhou Tao,Chen Yi and Zhang Xin


    In the past, many Chinese artists have beenafraid they would be criticized for lagging behindthe world in their conceptions. They are eager todo something unconventional or unorthodox. Theiractions are very similar with the trend Liu Xie

  8. Survey on status of staff for Plasmodium microscopy examinations in Chang-zhou City%常州市疟疾镜检人员现状调查

    谢轶青; 何明祯; 朱仕英; 邹永根; 陈弘


    目的:了解常州市消除疟疾行动初期各级卫生机构疟疾镜检人员的现状,为全市实现消除疟疾目标提供参考依据。方法采用问卷调查、疟疾理论知识和镜检操作考试的形式,对常州市各级医疗机构和疾病预防控制中心疟疾镜检人员进行现状调查,并对所得数据进行统计学分析。结果共调查95名疟疾镜检人员,其中大专、本科及以上学历分别占40.0%和45.3%;从事检验工作年限1年以内的占18.9%,2~5年的占40.0%,6~10年的占18.9%,10年以上的占22.1%;上一年度参加省(市)级、区(县)级和单位内培训的人均次数分别为0.57、0.59次和0.14次;工作中有发现疟原虫经历的人数占18.9%;认为疟疾血检工作非常有必要和有必要的占97.9%;认为疟疾镜检工作增加工作负荷、增加工作难度的分别占57.9%和8.4%;培训前后的疟疾相关知识平均正解率分别为72.5%和91.6%,差异有统计学意义(χ2=314.3,P<0.05);疟疾镜检操作考试平均分为25.3分(满分50分),及格(≥30分)率为58.9%。结论常州市医疗机构的疟疾镜检人员岗位培训工作不到位,工作经验相对薄弱,需进一步加强培训,以提高疟疾镜检的实际操作能力。%Objective To understand the current state of staff for Plasmodium microscopy examinations in Changzhou City in the early stage of eliminating malaria action,so as to provide the evidence for achieving the target of malaria elimination. Methods The staff for Plasmodium microscopy examinations from medical institutions and centers for disease control and prevention at differ-ent levels were investigated by questionnaires and tests of the malaria related theory and microscopic operation. Results Totally 95 people were investigated,and among them,40.0%had college degree and 45.3%were university educated. There were 18.9%of them working on Plasmodium microscopy examinations for less than 1 year,40.0%for 2-5 years,18.9%for 6-10 years and 22.1%for more than 10 years. The numbers of person-time of provincial and municipal level training,district-level training,and unit-level training in the last year were 0.57,0.59,and 0.14,respectively. Totally 18.9%of them had the experience of finding Plasmodium at work,and 97.9% of them considered it was necessary or very necessary to do Plasmodium microscopy examina-tions. However,57.9%and 8.4%of them considered Plasmodium microscopy examinations increased their work load and work dif-ficulty,respectively. The average correct rates of knowledge tests on malaria before and after training were 72.5%and 91.6%re-spectively(P<0.05). The average mark of Plasmodium microscopic tests was 25.3 points(full mark being 50 points),and the passing rate(≥30 points)was 58.9%. Conclusion The working experience of staff for Plasmodium microscopy examinations in Changzhou City is relatively poor,and the related training should be enhanced.

  9. Magic Zhou jingqi The Birth of China's Original Comic Platform%周靖淇"有妖气"?中国原创漫画平台的诞生



    @@ 下班了做什么呢?最近漫画迷会乐滋滋地告诉你:火速去"有妖气"网站报到,等待的更新.是有妖气的原创漫画之一,除此之外,他们还有、等高人气原创漫画系列. 几个月来,有妖气在80后、90后热爱动漫的年轻人中声名鹊起,甚至有读者说: "有妖气有可能成为中国未来漫画的核心."

  10. Dating based on Lunar Phases as seen in the Zuo Tripod and the Western Zhou Chronology%逨鼎的月相纪日和西周年代




  11. 论斯威夫特对周作人散文创作的影响%A Study of Jonathan Swift's Influence on Zhou Zuoren's Prose




  12. Metro transfer station for the design of deep excavation in Su Zhou%苏州地铁换乘站深基坑设计



    Based on the analysis of the example of a transfer station of subway project, introduces the design scheme of high water bearing sand retaining structure of deep foundation pit formation of transfer station, deep foundation pit in the calculation of important parameters are also compared, according to the actual situation of the stratum pressure water effect introduces related processing scheme, and puts forward the author's opinion, have certain the reference value for the similar project design.%文章通过对某地铁换乘车站工程的实例分析,介绍了高水位含砂地层换乘站深基坑围护结构设计方案,对深基坑计算重要参数取值也进行了对比分析,针对地层承压水作用实际情况介绍了相关处理方案,并提出了作者的见解,对类似工程的设计具有一定的参考价值。

  13. 不应称陈氏为周恩来继母%Chen Shi shall not be called Zhou Enlai's stepmother




  14. Restricted View on "Ritual Archery" and its Function in Western Zhou Dynasty%管窥西周时期礼射活动及其功能




  15. 《东周列国志》中的天命意识%The Sense of Destiny in Annals of the Kingdoms in the East Zhou Dynasty




  16. 周公礼殿--历史名人纪念堂%Zhou Gong Temple-The Palace in Memory of Historical Celebrities



    @@ 东汉末年(公元2世纪末),成都城南文翁石室旁出现了一座历史名人纪念堂,名叫"周公礼殿". 《华阳国志·蜀志》:"始文翁立文学精舍,讲堂作石室,在城南.永初后,堂遇火.



    The Grand Opening Ceremony of The Sandalwood-Beijing Marriott Executive Apartments On September 19, 2009, The Sandalwood - Beijing Marriott Executive Apartments celebrated its grand opening ceremony. The president of Fuwah International Group, Chiu Yung

  18. The Development of Space Science and Technology in China,



  19. How do pressure from above, mindset and motivation influence the autonomy supportive teaching style?

    Kingma, Tineke; Kamans, Elanor; Heijne-Penninga, Marjolein; Wolfensberger, Marca


    Presentation Self Determination Conference in Victoria BC, 2-5 June 2016 Autonomy supportive teachers provide autonomy, structure learning activities and connect with their students (Belmont, Skinner, Wellborn, & Connell, 1988). Autonomy supportive teachers increase students levels of intrinsic moti

  20. How do pressure from above, mindset and motivation influence the autonomy supportive teaching style?

    Dr. Marca Wolfensberger; Drs. Tineke Kingma; Dr. Elanor Kamans; Dr. Marjolein Heijne-Penninga


    Presentation Self Determination Conference in Victoria BC, 2-5 June 2016 Autonomy supportive teachers provide autonomy, structure learning activities and connect with their students (Belmont, Skinner, Wellborn, & Connell, 1988). Autonomy supportive teachers increase students levels of intrinsic moti

  1. Relative efficiency of North Carolina designs I and II and standard design III in three wheat crosses.

    Singh, S


    The efficiency of three analyses, namely, Designs I and II of Comstock and Robinson (1952) and standard Design III analysis of Kearsey and Jinks (1968), was compared in the F2s of three wheat crosses (Norteno 67 x HD 1982, HD 1982 x Moti and Sonalika x Moti) for plant height, spikelets per spike and yield per plant. The three analyses showed a remarkable agreement in estimating the additive (D) component for all three characters in all three crosses. But, as regards the estimation of dominance ] (H) component, standard Design III analysis proved to be more efficient than the other two analyses in crosses 2 (HD 1982 x Moti) and 3 (Sonalika x Moti) for all three characters except spikelets per spike in cross 3.

  2. 论温泉文化内涵的挖掘——以汝城热水温泉为例%A Study On The Meaning Of Hot Spring Culture Based on Hot Spring in Rucheng, ChenZhou



    This article, on the analysis of the hot spring culture and hot water spring tourist resources, proposes strategies to hot spring culture development, and discusses hot spring culture in the development of tourism.%文章在对温泉文化内涵进行分析的基础上,结合汝城热水温泉的旅游资源特色,对汝城温泉文化内涵的挖掘提出了相应的策略,借以探讨温泉文化在温泉旅游开发中的应用。

  3. 激情与尴尬:中国影界的争议人物周世勋%The Controversial Figure Zhou Shixun and His Film Career in 1920s




  4. 徐州市学龄前儿童肥胖综合干预效果初步观察%Primary Observation on the Effect of Comprehensive Interventions for Simple Obesity in the Preschool Children of XuZhou.

    张梅; 盛志华; 褚英; 李莉萍; 莫宝庆; 张予萍; 倪杰


    目的 观察饮食与运动干预减缓学龄前肥胖儿童体重增加的效果.方法 在徐州市随机抽取两所幼儿园-中国矿大(干预组)与八一(对照组)幼儿园作为研究对象,根据身高标准体重筛选出肥胖儿童,为干预组儿童设计减肥食谱、制订运动方案,于干预前及干预4个月后分别对两组儿童的身高、体重进行测量、用问卷法了解饮食习惯,用称重法结合询问法调查肥胖儿童食物与营养素摄取情况,进行干预效果的分析与评价.结果 干预后,干预组儿童的总能量、宏量营养素、晚餐能量、动物性食品的摄取量均明显低于对照组;吃饭速度减慢、在家与幼儿园里能自觉减少食物摄入、在家看电视时间明显减少、运动时间增多的儿童明显多于对照组儿童.干预组儿童的体重及体重增加明显低于对照组.结论 饮食与运动综合干预措施能有效地减缓学龄前肥胖儿童体重的增加.

  5. 鬼方:殷周时代北方的农牧混合族群%Gui Fang:A Herder Husbandry Group of People in the Northern Shanxi and Shaanxi Region during the Shang-Zhou Period




  6. 四川泸州市齿龈内阿米巴感染情况的调查与分析%Investigation on Amoeba buccalis human injections in Lu-zhou City, Sichuan

    王敏; 付光新; 王光西; 张跃辉; 杨兴友



  7. 商周时期的民歌精品——鄘诗探源(下)%The Elite of Folk Songs in Shang and Zhou Period——An Exploration Into Yong Poems

    丁身伟; 吴燕华


      该文推翻偏颇的旧说,重新对鄘诗给予阐释与评价,力图恢复其本来面目。由于历史、地域等的涉及面很广,虽然不断地寻找新的资料根据,但因年代久远,不免精粗并存。%  Overturning the old beliefs, this paper gives a reillustration and reassessment of Yong poems, with an effort to restore its onginal version. Due to the long history and vast region, though constantly seeking new materials as proofs, it is hard to avoid roughness.

  8. Analysis of the public health emergencies events in Qiandongnan Prefecture, Gui Zhou Province in 2005-2010%黔东南州2005~2010年突发公共卫生事件分析

    罗涛; 周文红; 邓茂铭; 潘宏; 杨斌


    OBJECTIVE To understand the epidemiological characteristic of public health emergencies events in Qiandongnan prefecture, in order to provide the basis to formulate and implement prevention and control measures for the public health e-mergencies events. METHODS Collected data and materials of public health emergencies events in Qiandongnan prefecture from 2005 to 2010 to summarize and analyze epidemiological characteristics. RESULTS From 2005 to 2010, the number of public health emergencies was 178 in Qiandongnan. 8 708 cases were reported, 24 people were died. 152 infectious disease were among them, other public health events were 26 cases, unrated events were 17, general events were 145 cases, larger events were 13, significant events were 3; 140 cases happened in elementary school and kindergarten; the average time of the first case to be reported to department was 10.61 days, the average time of the receipt of the report to take measures was 3.28 hours, the average time of confirmation time to network report was 1.51 days, the average time from receipt of the report at the county level to a state level was 0.74 days, the average time of flow report to disposal report was 3.21 days. CONCLUSION The public health emergencies in Qiandongnan prefecture are mainly infectious diseases. Most are common infectious diseases. Incident response speed increases year by year. The report from the place after the events is the key. The school in rural areas is a place with sudden and higher incidence of public health. Public health emergencies influence students' physical health in primary and middle school, which should arouse the attention of education and health department. Improving sensitivity of the basic units for students of infectious diseases reported and timeliness of the investigation on public health emergencies in school should be the focuses in future work.%目的 了解黔东南州突发公共卫生事件的流行病学特征,为制订和实施突发公共卫生事件的防控措施提供依据.方法 收集2005~2010年黔东南州突发公共卫生事件疫情数据与资料,进行汇总和流行病学特征分析.结果 2005~2010年黔东南州突发公共卫生事件共发生178起,报告发病8708例,死亡24人.其中传染病疫情152起,其他公共卫生事件26起;未分级事件17起,一般事件145起,较大事件13起,重大事件3起;发生在各中、小学校及幼儿园140起;首例病例发生到报出时间平均为10.61 d,接到报告到派员处置时间平均为3.28 h,事件确认到网络直报时间平均为1.51 d,县级疾控中心接到报告到报告州级平均时间为0.74 d,流调报告从处置到上报时间平均为3.21 d.结论 黔东南州突发公共卫生事件以传染病疫情为主,多为一般事件,事件响应速度逐年提高,事件发生后基层报告是关键,学校是突发性公共卫生事件的高发场所,多发生在农村地区,严重影响中小学生的身体健康,应引起教育和卫生部门的重视,提高基层单位对学生传染病病例报告的敏感性和学校突发公共卫生事件调查的及时性应做为今后工作的重点.

  9. 徐州红色旅游发展的SWOT分析及发展对策研究%The SWOT Analysis of Red Tourism in XuZhou and its Development Countermeasures Study



    Tourism has economic and social functions,low consumption of resources, driving coefficient is large,more chances of employment and comprehensive benefit of good. Red tourism is a new form of the tourism,to promote tourism economic development on the very important role. This paper,to the red tourism development of Xuzhou with its strengths,weakness,opportunities and challenges by using the SWOTanalysis method are analyzed in detail,and for the further development of Xuzhou red tourism put forward the corresponding countermeasures.%旅游业具有经济和社会功能,资源消耗低,带动系数大,就业机会多,综合效益好。红色旅游是一种新型的旅游形式.对促进旅游地经济发展起了十分重要的作用。本文利用SWOT分析方法对徐州红色旅游发展的优势、劣势、机遇和挑战进行了详细分析,并对徐州红色旅游的进一步发展提出了相应的对策。

  10. The Application of the Same Standard Pollution Load Approach in the SuZhou Pollutant Census Evaluation%等标污染负荷法在苏州市污染源普查评价中的应用



    The essay introduces basic meanings and formula of the Same Standard Pollution Load Approach. Integrating with the Suzhou First National Pollutant Census, it also describes how to use the Same Standard Pollution Load Approach to find out the main pollutants, the main pollution sources, the main pollution industries, and the main pollution areas. In addition, these main factors show local environmental managers definite monitor and control targets.%概述了污染源等标污染负荷法的基本意义和数学公式,并且结合苏州市第一次全国污染源普查的实际,描述了在苏州市污染源普查结果的评价中,通过使用该方法后找出了影响环境的主要污染物、主要污染源、主要污染行业、以及主要区域,从而为当地的环境管理提供了明确的监控对象。

  11. 温州地区人上颌第一恒磨牙牙根解剖的研究%Root anatomy of maxillary first molars in people from WenZhou region

    汪敏; 韦永珍; 潘乙怀


    AIM: To study the root anatomy of the maxillary first molars in people from Wenzhou region.METHODS : A total of 60 extracted maxillary first molars were colleded and numbered.Macro morphology of the root, degree of abrasion, number and type of apical foramen were observed.Vemier was used to measure the length indexes and distance from the apical foramen to the root apex.aearins technique was used to investigate the root carul systems.RESULTS :55.4% of the apical foramens did not locate at their apices, 61.6% of mesiobuccal roots had two caruds, and 1.7% of teeth had three root canals.CONCLUSION :'The root anatomy of the maxillary first molara in people from Wenzhou region is very complex.%目的:了解温州地区人上颌第一恒磨牙牙根解剖基本特点.方法:收集60个温州地区人上颌第一恒磨牙,肉眼观察牙根外形、根尖孔数目、类型;游标卡尺测量牙根长度指标、根尖孔到牙根顶点的距离;透明牙标本法观察根管系统.结果:上颌第一恒磨牙55.4%根尖孔不在根尖顶点,近中颊根双根管率为61.6%,3根管率为1.7%.结论:温州地区人上颌第一恒磨牙牙根、根管形态复杂,应给予足够的重视.

  12. 基于多新息随机梯度永磁同步电机参数辨识%XU Peng1,2, XIAO Jian1, ZHOU Peng2, LI Shan2

    徐鹏; 肖建; 周鹏; 李山


    Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor(PMSM)has some excellent features, such as fast response, better accuracy, high torque to current ratio. Based on analysis of PMSM mathematical model, the system regression model is proposed, and multi-innovation stochastic gradient algorithm for PMSM parameters identification is derived. Simulation and real-time experiments results show that MISG algorithm has more outstanding performance on parameter estimate convergence than SG algorithm because of reusing measurable output and input information. Meanwhile, with multi-inno-vation length increased and forgetting factor affected, convergence performance of MISG algorithm is close to RLS.%永磁同步电机(Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor,PMSM)具有响应快、高精度、高转矩比等诸多优点。在永磁同步电机系统数学模型基础上,构建系统回归模型,推导得永磁同步电机多新息随机梯度参数辨识算法(MISG),仿真和实时实验结果表明由于MISG算法重复利用可测输入输出信息,较单新息随机梯度算法(SG)有着更好的参数估计收敛性,并且随着新息长度 p的增加及遗忘因子引入,MISG算法辨识效果与最小二乘(RLS)算法接近。

  13. 论陀思妥耶夫斯基"非暴力"思想对周作人的影响%On Dostoyevsky's Influence of Nonviolence on Zhou Zuoren








  15. Climatic Analysis and Di-vision of Summer Tour-ism Resources in Quan -zhou%泉州市盛夏避暑旅游气候资源及区划分析

    杨舒琳; 林中鹏; 韩赓


    In this paper, the meteoro-logical data in summer (July to Septem-ber) of 2013 from the 21 stations in Quanzhou and the 6 national stations in-cluding Chongwu, Jinjiang, Nan'an, Anxi, Yongchun, Dehua from 1981 to 2010 were used to compare average air temperature, average maximum air tem-perature, extreme high temperature and the days which ≥35℃ in different re-gions, then by calculating the compre-hensive human comfort degree index, high temperature index to evaluate sum-mer tourism climate resources and ap-propriate summer resort in Quanzhou. It was showed that there were abundant summer tourism climate resources in Quanzhou, and there were significant differences among different regions. The high-altitude mountainous areas and coastal areas which regulated by ocean were suitable for summer resort. Extreme appropriate summer resorts contained most of the islands, coastal stations and high altitude mountainous stations, ap-propriate summer resorts located in coastal areas and individual high altitude mountains.%采用2013年7—9月泉州境内21个自动气象站以及1981—2010年7—9月崇武、晋江、南安、安溪、永春、德化6个国家气象站的资料,对上述地区盛夏的平均气温、平均最高气温、极端最高气温和≥35℃的高温日数进行对比分析,再通过计算人体综合舒适度指数、高温炎热指数,对泉州市盛夏避暑旅游气候资源及适宜避暑区进行研究。分析表明,泉州市盛夏避暑旅游气候资源丰富,不同地域存在显著差异,内陆较高海拔山区由于气温随海拔高度升高而下降形成山地气候,盛夏无酷暑;沿海地区的气温受到海洋调节形成海陆风,凉爽海风吹向陆地,高温难以形成。极适宜避暑区包含了绝大部分海岛、滨海站和高海拔山地站,适宜避暑区落区位于沿海地区和个别高海拔山地,均非常适合盛夏避暑旅游。

  16. Eco engineering plan of substituting miniature hydropower for the fuel of home use in Liu Zhou district%柳州地区小水电代替家用燃料生态工程规划



    @@ 1柳州地区基本情况 柳州地区在广西壮族自治区中部,全区面积2.6811万km2,其中山地1.2334万km2,丘陵0.7443万km2;地区辖9县1市,共138个乡(镇),总人口400.9万人.地区境内大小河流遍布,水能资源丰富,除西江干流红水河、黔江及一级支流柳江河外,其余小河流共计290多条,多年平均径流深975mm,年径流量261.4亿m3.

  17. 欲挽狂澜应有术,先从性理觅高深——周作人的性学思想论析%Analysis on sexological ideology of Zhou Zuoren




  18. 获奖同学代表在颁奖大会上的发言%A speech on behalf of winners at the prize-giving ceremony for 5th national Zhou Peiyuan Mechanics Competition




  19. A speech at the prize-giving ceremony for 5th national Zhou Peiyuan Mechanics Competition%在第五届全国周培源大学生力学竞赛颁奖式上的讲话




  20. A speech on behalf of winner's units at the prize-giving ceremony for 5th national Zhou Peiyuan Mechanics Competition%获奖单位代表在颁奖大会上的讲话




  1. The Cultural Structure of Zhou and Qin and the Zhougong Culture Resource in Guanzhong and Tian Shui%关天周秦文化结构和周公文化资源开发之散论



    The spiritual home of the Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism is Chenzhao village, Zhougong Temple and Famen Temple in Baoji of Shaanxi province. The author shows the Zhougong Temple, Jiangji Temple and Chenzhao village should be planned and deveploped with the Famen Temple tourism area as the Chinese spiritual home. Then, the author suggests that the project of the Hexagrams-Disneyland would be developed firstly, which will not only show the China's culture characteristics but only have the entertainment. In the project, the digital technology, computer technology and electronic entertainment and some others combinded with oriental philosophy and mathematics would be used in it.%陕西宝鸡的召陈村一周公庙一法门寺是中国儒、释、道三教的精神发源地。应以崭新的理念,把周原上的周公庙、姜螈庙、召陈村等“周公文化”遗存,与法门寺景区统一规划、统一开发为中华儿女共有的“精神故乡”。另一方面,笔者并不赞同把周代文化开发重心只放在宝鸡市而西安只搞秦、汉、唐开发的方案,主张在西安丰镐遗址纪念项目中既展示中国文化特征及其贡献,同时又顾及娱乐性,从而首先考虑“易卦—迪士尼乐园”开发方案。在该方案中,可考虑利用当代数字技术、电子计算机技术和电子娱乐设计、视觉传达设计、动漫动画设计等手段,充分开发八卦中蕴含的东方哲理、数理特别是其中的数趣、“谜趣”;同时展示计算机的二进制的起源和数学原理,使游客在趣味中回味八卦的神奇和计算机产生、发展、演变的全过程。

  2. The Trial of Frigidness--A Memory about Zhou Enlai's Attending to the Funeral of Gheorghiu - Dej%一次寒冷的考验--忆周恩来参加乔治乌-德治葬礼



    @@ 1965年3月22日,周恩来总理率领中国党政代表团,乘专机前往罗马尼亚,参加罗马尼亚工人党中央委员会第一书记、国务委员会主席乔治乌-德治的葬礼.3月份是罗马尼亚的冬季,那里的冬天要比北京冷.所以,我们特地给周总理带上毛衣、毛裤和厚的呢子衣服备用.

  3. 泰州市当地居民旅游感知的实证研究%Empirical Study on the Residents' Perception of Tourism Impact in TaiZhou

    吴小伟; 毕桢


    Based on the field Taizhou residents' perception survey,founding that there are some differences between different perceptions of tourism residents.The local residents' perception for a positive cultural impact of tourism economy is strong.Because the development of tourism in Taizhou is on the Early stage,the local residents' perception for a negative cultural impact of tourism economy is not very strong.Residents in the tourist impact on the local cultural perception and the perception of economic impact show great similarity.To the positive impact of tourism,residents perceived more strongly.For the negative effects of tourism,they hold an oppostive attitude.Residents perceive the positive effects of tourism environment more strongly,but they also have large differences.Urban environment needs to be improved.For the negative impact of the environment which comes form the tourism environment,part of the population hold an unclear position,they are at the observation stage.Through field investigations,the paper provids some valuable references for the tourism industry of Taizhou.%本文通过对泰州居民感知进行实地调查,发现目前泰州旅游业处于发展初期,居民对于负面影响的感知还不是很强烈;居民对于旅游环境的正面影响感知虽然比较强烈,但是分歧也较大,城市环境有待进一步提高,对于旅游发展给环境带来的负面影响一部分居民没有明确表态,还处于观察的阶段。居民感知的实证研究能够为刚刚起步的泰州旅游业提供一些有价值的参考建议。

  4. The Circular Buckles and It's Dermatoglyphic Patterns in the Zhou, Qin and Han Dynasties%两周秦汉时期的圆形扣饰及其纹样




  5. Evaluation on Surveillance Data for Routine Immunization Coverage Rates in Zhen Zhou city%郑州市2005年常规免疫接种率评价及影响因素分析

    李锋; 刘哲; 董蒲梅; 宋彩娟


    目的 为了解郑州市常规免疫接种率监测工作的现状,评价郑州市2005年常规免疫接种率监测结果.方法 应用规定的接种率监测评价方法,对郑州市2005年的常规免疫接种率报告结果进行综合分析和评价.结果 各县市区报告完整性、及时率均为100%,基础免疫报告接种率在(98.92~99.75)%之间,全市基础免疫估算接种率在(110.89~127.08)%之间.结论 我市常规免疫接种率维持在较高水平,但仍存在薄弱地区和薄弱环节,常规免疫规范化管理仍待加强.

  6. 关于八年制临床医学教育的认识与思考%Cognition and consideration to medical education of eight-year medical program in China ZHOU

    周慧明; 周花; 张友元; 王庭槐


    我国现有13所高校开办八年制临床医学专业,学校及社会各界对八年制医学教育的办学质量和办学模式评价不一.本文通过分析研究八年制临床医学专业的教学现状,以保证八年制临床医学专业教学质量作为出发点和归宿,对进一步明确八年制临床医学专业培养目标,合理设置"医预阶段",深化课程体系和教学内容、教学方法改革,以及优化教学管理等方面进行了探讨.%There are 13 universities with eight-year medical program in China at present. The schools and the society have different views on the quality and the model of eight-year medical program. For the purpose of ensuring the quality of teaching, this paper firstly analyzes the teaching status quo of eight- year medical program at present, then points out how to define the objective, set up pre-medical phase rea- sonably, reform curriculum and teaching, and optimize the teaching administration for the program.

  7. 青海海西州地区牛羊布鲁菌氏病监测方案的研究%Study on the Surveillance Program for Bovine and Sheep Brucellosis in Haixi Zhou Qinghai Province



      目的探索适合青海省海西州地区牛、羊布鲁氏菌病的监测方案,净化布鲁氏菌病.利用琥红平板凝集试验(RBPT)、全乳环状试验(MRT)和试管凝集试验(SAT)对1200份牛血清中376份奶牛血清、677份羊血清,以及376份牛奶进行检测.结果RBPT检测1200份牛血清中9份可疑,3份阳性;376份奶牛血清中3份可疑,1份阳性;其他牛6份可疑,2份阳性;677份羊血清中3份可疑.MRT检测376份奶样中5份可疑,1份阳性.SAT重复检测的20份血清中2份为阳性,RBPT与MRT结果的符合率为100%.结论三种检测方法的联合使用适合大样本的进行布鲁氏菌病的监测,为基层布鲁氏菌病的监测方案的研究提供了理论依据.%  To explore the suitable cattle and sheep brucellosis surveillance and eradication programs in Haixi Prefecture of Qinghai province region. 1200 bovine serum samples including 376 dairy cow serum samples,677 sheep serum samples and 376 milk samples were detected by using the Rose Bengal plate agglutination test(RBPT),whole milk ring test(MRT)and standard tube agglutination test(SAT).Results showed that among 1200 bovine serum samples,3 were positive and 9 were suspicious(including 1 positive and 3 suspicious among 376 dairy cow serum samples)and among 677 sheep serum samples,3 were suspicious by RBPT.Among 376 milk samples,5 were suspicous by MRT.2 out 20 serum samples retested by SAT were positive.The coincidence between RBPT and MRT for detection of Brucella in serum samples was 100%.In conclusion,joint use of the three assays(RBPT,MRT and SAT)were suitable for brucellosis surveillance of large amount of samples,thus providing a theoretical basis for making grassroots brucellosis surveillance pragrams.

  8. A Through Introduction and Interpretation to the West Zhou's Bronze Utensil "Gui in Memory of the Xing's Marquis"%西周青铜器"邢侯簋"通释




  9. A Through Introduction and Interpretation to West Zhou's Bronze Utensil"Gui in Memory of Xing's Marquis"(Continued)%西周青铜器"邢侯簋"通释(下)




  10. 雅安周公山土壤苏云金芽孢杆菌菌株资源的筛选和初步鉴定%Screening and Identification of Bacillus thuringiensis from Mountain Zhou Gong of Yaan

    李云艳; 谭芙蓉; 郑爱萍; 朱军; 李平


    采集四川雅安市周公山土壤样品320份,利用醋酸钠-抗生素筛选法分离出苏云金芽孢杆菌132株.通过光学显微镜镜检发现,这些菌株均呈典型的苏云金芽孢杆菌形态,其伴孢晶体主要形态有长菱形、短菱形、方形、球形、不定型等.根据GeneBank中公布的cry基因序列,设计了14对杀虫cry基因的通用引物,对这132株分离菌进行的PCR-RFLP分析鉴定表明:在86株菌中分布有除cry18、cry27/29、cry34/35外的11种cry基因型,其中以cry1型最多,其次为cry2型.另46株菌未检测出cry基因.对这132株苏云金芽孢杆菌进行SDS-PAGE蛋白分析,发现杀鳞翅目、鞘翅目和双翅目的约130、80、65、75 kDa的蛋白带最丰富.

  11. 以相对历日关系探讨金文月相词语的范围%Using Sequential Relations of Day-dates to Determine the Temporal Scope of W.Zhou Lunar Phase Terms




  12. 全立式压铸机的改造与实践%Transformation and practice of full vertical die casting machine FANG LiGao,ZHOU Quan,ZHANG LiPan

    方立高; 周全; 张丽攀


    Hydraulic circuit and circuit of YTD32-100 type four-column hydraulic machine were redesigned, and it was transformed into the whole vertical die casting machine. Mode -locked oil and injection circuit were independent of the machine. It was convenient to adjust injection pressure, holding pressure time, filling time and other process parameters. The explosion-proof vibrator shell was produced by the machine, and the casting qualified rate reached 90%.%对 YTD32-100型四柱式液压机的液压油路和电路进行了重新设计,将其改造成为全立式压铸机。该机有独立的锁模油路和压射油路,可以方便调节压射比压、保压时间及充型时间等工艺参数。应用该机压铸出了防爆震动器壳体,铸件合格率达到了90%。

  13. 周勃父子的遭遇与文景用人政策探析%On the misfortune of Zhou Bo and his son and the empire Wen and Jing's policy of personnel placement




  14. ZHOU Fu- hai's Capituationism and Treason Was the Product of Japan's Seductive Policy%周佛海叛国投敌是日本侵略者诱降政策的产物




  15. 焦作地区在东周列国时期的历史地位%The definite place in history of Jiaozuo region in the Eastern Zhou Dynasty




  16. Body like flexile sallow; Heart like megalith--Zhou Enlai and "Growing up" Chinese Diplomacy%身似柔柳心如巨石--周恩来与"站起来"的中国外交



    @@ 对苏外交:"兄弟"之间有争论 新中国刚刚诞生时,美国等帝国主义国家对我国实行政治上孤立,经济上封锁,军事上包围的战略,迫使我们只有向社会主义国家苏联采取"一边倒"的外交方针,以争取自己的生存空间,求得政局稳定.那时,中苏两国同属于社会主义大家庭,被誉为兄弟般的友谊.

  17. 城乡规划学启蒙课教改实践及延展方法研究%Reform Of Rudimentary Lessons In Urban Planning Education/Shen Yao, Zhou Kai, Jiao Sheng, Jiang Suqi

    沈瑶; 周恺; 焦胜; 蒋甦琦


    Most urban planning majors in colege were separated from architecture. The paper introduces cutting-edge brain science and workshop education theories, conducts “cognition-understanding-discussion-reflection-practice” experiment in rudimentary lessons to motivate students’ initiative. The teaching results and extension models indicate that improved students’ initiatives have positive efects on professional ability.%传统城市规划专业大多从建筑学专业转型分离出来,专业转型问题突出。研究主要针对城乡规划学专业的启蒙课程展开,以国际前沿的脑科学及工作坊教学理论为基础,以提高学生的学习主体性为主要目标,从具体的教学环节创新入手,展开了以“认知—体悟—讨论—反思—实践”为主线的教学环节实验,通过对教学实验的内容和效果的分析,以及延展模式的探索,反映学习主体性的提高在专业思维能力培养上的积极效果。

  18. 侧柏人工林下层木本植物的组成及多样性%Species composition and diversity of understory woody plants in Platycladus orientalis plantation in Xu zhou

    尤海梅; 阎传海; 于法展; 王仲宇


    为明确徐州山地现有侧柏人工林下层木本植物的自然更新状况,依据40个20m×20m样地群落的调查数据,分析了林下自然更新的木本植物的组成及其相似性.结果表明,侧柏人工林下层自然更新的木本植物中单科种、单属种优势明显,林下木本植物区系组成复杂,出现的12种区系地理成分中,温带成分占主体,热带成分占较大比例.侧柏人工林下层出现的木本植物种类较多,但不同生境下群落的物种丰富度和多样性不高、组成树种的相似性极高,尤其是乔木树种的相似性明显高于灌木树种.林下木本植物的种类组成受立地条件和种子传播方式的显著影响,建议改善立地条件以提高林下木本植物的丰富度和多样性,同时控制外来树种的侵入以促进人工林的地带性演替.%In order to explore the natural regeneration condition of understory woody species in Platycladus orientalis plantation in Xuzhou mountainous region, 40 plots of 20 m x 20 m were set up and surveyed, and composition and similarity of the communities were analyzed. The result showed that the single -species family, the single -species genera were the main part of natural regeneration woody plants in understory of Platycladus orientalis plantation, the composition of understory woody species was complex. There were 12 geographic elements of the flora, and the temperate elements were the main part of the woody flora and the tropic element hold a great proportion. Although the richness and diversity of understory woody species was lower, the similarities of understory woody species between plots were very high, especially, the similarities of tree species were significant higher than the shrubs. Composition of understory woody species was influenced by the habitat and the seed dispersal; Therefore, the habitats of understory should be improved to raise the richness and diversity of understory woody species, and the invasion of alien species should be controlled to prompt succession of zonal vegetation in Platycladus orientalis plantations.

  19. On the Semiotic Nature of the Zhou Changes under Peirce's Vision%从皮尔斯的观点看《周易》的符号学性质

    方仁; 林海顺


    西方的符号学与《周易》从出发点到落脚点都是不同的.尽管有这种胎生的异质性,但两者之间还是存在所谓符号这样的重要交点.本文将对形成西方符号学分支之一的人物查尔斯·桑德斯·皮尔斯(Charles Sanders Peirce)的符号学思想与《周易》进行比较哲学的考察.皮尔斯符号学的特征在于泛符号主义(pansemiotism)和连续主义(synechism),即把存在于宇宙中的所有一切都作为其对象领域,把所有事物都当作连续体来把握.与弗迪南·德·索绪尔(Ferdinand de Saussure)以语言为中心来分析符号相比,皮尔斯更倾向于根据思维来分析符号,即通过表象体、对象体和解释体三者关系来分析符号.为了再现本质对象,皮尔斯提出了符号三分法,即指示符、像似符和规约符.他还提出了不同于传统方法论的假设推理法,即对现有事实推论出最好或最近似的说明的方法.把皮尔斯符号学观点运用于《周易》,则卦象、卦辞和卦意是实现《周易》符号过程的三要素,《周易》符号具有类像的规约符号性质.占术范式是根据其定性的本性而被规定特征的特殊知识模型,假设推理法是占术范式中特征性的思维方式,对于科学发现具有重要意义.

  20. 广佛线夏南车辆段与综合基地设计体会%Design of Xianan Depot and Multi-purpose Base on Guang zhou-Foshan Railway Line



    The design of depot and a multi-purpose base needs cooperation of different majors, so it is defined as a system engineering. Through expositing the design of Xi-anan Depot and Multi-purpose Base, which covers major interfaces, lay-out, complex pipeline, technical management and construction coordination, the experiences and lessons are summarized, suggestions are proposed for the depot and multi-purpose base design.%车辆段与综合基地的设计是多专业互相配合的系统工程.通过夏南车辆段与综合基地设计及配合施工情况,着重从专业接口、总图协调、综合管线、技术管理和配合施工等多个方面阐述了设计体会.针对设计中出现的问题总结了经验和教训,并给出了相关建议.

  1. 从《语丝》和《骆驼草》看周作人编辑思想的变化%On the Change of Zhou Zuoren's Editorial Thoughts from the Magazines of Yu Si and Camel Grass




  2. On the Magical Performance and Culture Culture Taste of Nixing Pottery in Qin Zhou City%论钦州坭兴陶的神奇表现和文化品位

    于长敏; 黄海基


    @@ 在物质生活相当丰富的今天,精神生活已上升到十分重要的层面.广西钦州坭兴陶器不仅为人们的物质生活带来了便利,也为人们的精神生活带来了享受.已有相当部分的陶艺作品是纯精神性的、纯欣赏性的,并带有一定的审美性.

  3. The Connotations of the Shang- and Zhou-dynasties Pictograms Used in Modern Logos%商周图形文字在现代标志设计中的潜在意义



    @@ 一、我国现代标志设计中缺乏一种中国艺术精神 现代标志以其鲜明易记的简洁形象和强烈的视觉冲击及其稳定的图形效果在现代社会生活中发挥着越来越重要的作用.它已经突破了原有商品标志的局限,深入到了企业文化、社团文化乃至一切社会公众活动的各个范畴,成为现代社会文化生活不可或缺的一部分.

  4. 安南都护府与唐代南疆羁縻州管理研究%A Research on the Administration of the Jimi Zhou and Annam Protectorate in the Southern Border Area in Tang Dynasty




  5. 唐宋泸属西部羁縻州县研究%A Study about the Western Jimi Zhou and Jimi Xian under the Administration of Luzhou in Tang and Song Dynasty

    郭声波; 魏超



  6. Effects of AIDS prevention activities among out of school youths in Zheng-zhou%郑州市校外青少年艾滋病知识干预效果评价



    目的:提高郑州市校外青少年艾滋病相关知识知晓水平。方法:采用整群抽样的方法于2014年5月至6月抽取郑州市校外青少年372人为研究对象。先对其艾滋病知识进行基线调查,之后在该人群中开展艾滋病知识健康教育、发放艾滋病宣传材料和提供咨询服务等干预活动,干预活动结束后对该部分人群再次进行艾滋病知识调查。结果:干预前的艾滋病知识知晓率为39.2%,干预后提高到98.9%,差异有统计学意义(χ2配对=222.001,P<0.001)。结论:郑州市校外青少年艾滋病知识知晓率干预后得以明显提高。%Aim:To improve the level of AIDS-related knowledge for out of school youths in Zhengzhou .Methods:During May to June in 2014 , the random cluster sampling was carried out ,and 372 out of school youths were chosen .Multi-ple-interventions were carried out .Then awareness rate of AIDS knowledge was evaluated before and after multiple-inter-ventions.Results:The awareness rate of AIDS knowledge was 39.2% before intervention and 98.9% after intervention, and the difference was significant (χ2match =222.001,P<0.001).Conclusion:Knowledge of AIDS of out of school youths in Zhengzhou has increased remarkably after intervention .

  7. 集中空调系统中弗朗西斯菌的分离与鉴定%Isolation and identification of Francisella-like strains from central air conditioning system in Guang-zhou

    李营; 屈平华; 张颖; 李工厂; 叶大柠; 陈守义; 陈茶; 吴尚为


    Objective To isolate the Francisella-like strains from central air conditioning system in Guangzhou and to identify their species .Methods Three hundred and twenty-four samples of cooling wa-ter and 36 samples of condensed water were collected from the air conditioning system in Guangzhou from year 2008 to 2014.The samples were cultured in BCYE supplemented with glycine (3 g/L), polymyxin B sulfate (80 000 U/L), vancomycin (1 mg/L) and cycloheximide (80 mg/L) (BCYEα-GVPC) medium af-ter concentrated by membrane filtration and pretreated by KCl-HCl buffer of pH2.2 for 10 minutes.The Francisella-like isolates were identified according to their cultural characteristics , biochemical test , PCR identification, 16S rRNA gene sequencing analysis and genomic DNA-DNA hybridization.Results Fifteen stains were isolated from 14 samples of cooling water and were identified as Francisella by PCR identification and phenotype analysis .The Francisella strains were detected in 4.3%of cooling water samples , but not in the condensed water samples .The phylogenetic tree constructed based on the sequence of 16S rRNA showed that the 15 strains formed four clusters including one cluster of nine Francisella guangzhouensis isolates, one cluster of one Francisella philomiragia isolate and two clusters of five isolates closest to the Francisella guan-gzhouensis strain.The five isolates represented two novel genospecies sharing a genomic homology of less than 70%with the Francisella guangzhouensis strain as indicated by the DNA-DNA hybridization analysis . Conclusion Water samples collected from the air conditioning system in Guangzhou city showed a lower positive rate for Francisella strain and no Francisella tularensis strain with strong pathogenicity was found in those samples .%目的 对集中空调系统中的弗朗西斯菌进行分离鉴定. 方法 收集2008—2014年广州市集中空调系统的324份冷却水和36份冷凝水水样,经负压膜过滤集菌、酸处理后接种军团菌选择性甘氨酸-万古霉素-多黏霉素B-放线菌酮( BCYEα-GVPC)培养基进行细菌分离培养,通过培养特征、生化反应特性等表型分析及弗朗西斯菌属特异性引物PCR鉴定、16S rRNA 基因序列分析、基因组DNA-DNA杂交等方法进行菌种鉴定. 结果 从14份集中空调冷却水中分离到15株菌,经表型分析和弗朗西斯菌属特异性引物PCR扩增确定为弗朗西斯菌,水样的阳性率分别为:冷却水4.3%,冷凝水0%. 15个分离菌株的16S rRNA 基因序列分析及系统发育分析显示,其可分为4个分支,包括为广州弗朗西斯菌9株,蜃楼弗朗西斯菌1株,另2个分支的5株菌与广州弗朗西斯菌亲缘关系最接近,但基因组DNA-DNA杂交证明与广州弗朗西斯菌同源性<70%,初步确定为弗朗西斯菌属内的候选新种. 结论 广州市集中空调系统水样弗朗西斯菌阳性率低,且未发现强致病性的土拉热弗朗西斯菌.

  8. 情景分析法在贵州省旅游发展规划环评中的应用研究%Application of Scenario Analysis in Environment Impact Assessment of GuiZhou Tourism Development Planning

    杨桃萍; 常理; 毛思禹


    The application of scenario analysis method in planning impact assessment was introduced as well as its theory and characteristics.Four scenarios were set up for Guizhou province tourism development planning.They are planning exploitation,business as usual,high speed growth,and low speed growth.On the basis of comparing the results of different scenarios,scenario 1 seemed to be the best option,which has implied that planning demonstra-ted more obvious positive impacts on society and economy than the negative influences on environment and intangi-ble culture heritage.The environmental influence here referred to surface water quality and solid waste disposal.%介绍了情景分析法的理论体系、特性表述、在规划环评中的应用。贵州省旅游发展规划模拟了4种情景,分别是规划开发、正常发展、高速增长、低速增长。综合比较4种选择方案,情景1为最佳选择。评价结果显示:规划在社会经济方面的正面影响大于对环境和无形文化遗产的负面影响,这里的环境影响主要指地表水水质和固体废物的处置。

  9. Shi Qiang Pan,an Inscribed Bronze Plate of the Western Zhou Dynasty and the Genealogy of "微" Clan%《史墙盘》和微氏家谱




  10. A Study on Li Ding and a Bronze Plate of the Western Zhou%首都师范大学收藏的两件西周青铜器




  11. Theory on Metaphor and Symbol of Ci' School in Chang Zhou in Qing Dynaty%略论清代常州词派的比兴寄托理论




  12. 浅谈周作人的随笔集《自己的园地》%Elementary Comment On《My Own Field》-- Collected Work of Informal Essays Written by Zhou Zuoren




  13. 东周王陵"六马之驾"发现的学术史意义%Academic history meaning of the discovery of six-horse coach in the Eastern Zhou Mausoleum




  14. 生计资本对杭州市农民工生活满意度的影响%The impact of livelihood capital on the life satisfaction of urban migrant workers in Hang-zhou

    苏飞; 庞凌峰; 马莉莎


    The lack of various livelihood capitals has become one of the biggest obstacles to migrant workers 'urban lives.Therefore improving the livelihood capital of migrant workers has become the foundation and key to eliminating poverty of migrant workers and to improve their life satisfaction .This paper established a dual logistic regression model and analyzed the impact of livelihood capital on the life satisfaction of urban migrant workers in Hangzhou City . The results showed that:①the livelihood capitals of migrant workers in Hangzhou has spatial differences , the value of livelihood capitals of suburb areas is the highest , followed by the central area , then the outer suburbs;② migrant workers have lower conversion capacity of all kinds of livelihood capitals , with the consideration of the lack of human capital, weak physical capital , insufficient financial capital , and limited social capital;③social capital and human capital are the most important factors to affect the life satisfaction of migrant workers in Hangzhou City .At last, some suggestions are proposed in the hope of providing some references to achieve the sustainable livelihoods of urban mi -grant workers in Hangzhou City .%农民工是城市产业工人的主体,对城市建设与发展做出了重要贡献。由于各种生计资本的匮乏影响到城市农民工的生活质量,提高生计资本存量和多样化成为消除农民工贫困、提高其生活满意度的基础与关键。文章对杭州市农民工的生计资本特征进行了深入分析,并通过二元logistic模型评估了生计资本对农民工生活满意度的影响。结果表明:①在杭农民工生计资本存在明显的区域差异,近郊区农民工的生计资本总值最高,中心城区次之,远郊区最低;②在杭农民工各类生计资本转化能力普遍不高,突出表现为物质资本薄弱、人力资本不足、金融资本虚化、社会资本匮乏;③人力资本和社会资本是影响在杭农民工生活满意度的核心要素。最后,提出了增强农民工生活满意度的调控对策,以期为实现在杭农民工生计可持续提供科学参考。

  15. 米家儿童用品有限公司


    Facing with Shang Hai in the west&Su Zhou in the south,Pu Hu Mi Jia Child Product Co.,Ltd,Iocated in the center of Yangtze Delta area,owns convenient communication by the advantage of Hang Zhou Bay Bridge and Shang Hai Hang Zhou super way.

  16. 英文摘要


    Zhou Advocates Aim-High PolicyMonetary policy adjustments should focus on more than inflation control in China, says central bank Governor Zhou Xiaochuan. He wants policymakers to set higher goals, such as resource optimization. Yet Zhou, speaking at a Caixin Media summit, admitted monetary policy is critical to keeping the natioffs economy, which is transitioning and yielding to market forces, from overheating.

  17. 中国本土割手密血缘创新亲本材料的利用潜力分析%Breeding Potential of Creation Parents Derived from China Native Saccharum spontaneum in Sugarcane

    朱建荣; 桃联安; 董立华; 周清明; 段惠芬; 杨李和; 安汝东; 刘洪博; 经艳芬


    The parents derived from China native Saccharum spontaneum Yunge F1, F2, Yacheng 71 - 374 (F2 ) and some of their progenies were crossed to commonly used parents, thirty cross combinations were made to study the hereditary effects of main trait.The results indicated the effects on offspring by male, female and combination were extremely significantly different ( P < 0.01).The contribution sequence of broad-sense heritability on offspring populations was cross combination (89.6% ) >male (76.4% ) > female (70.6% ) , sequence of broad-sense heritability for main traits was brix > millable stalk > diameter > plant height > cane yield > sugar yield.Among all the creation parentsderived from 5.spontaneum, genotypes as followings were parents with high general combining ability (GCA), YungeF197 - 105, YungeF197 - 147, YungeF203-7, YungeF203 - 78, YungeF180 -189, Yunrui05-458 and Yunge F203 -72 could be excellent female parents, Yunzhe99 - 155, YungeF203 -315, Yunzhe89 -7, Guitang92 -66, Neijiang00 - 118 could be excellent parents for improving sugar content, the cross combinations Dezhe93 - 88 × YungeF203 -7, CP65 -357 × YungeF180 - 189 and Yuetang93 - 159 × YungeF180 - 189 could be potential for improving sugar yield and cane yield.And CP65 - 357 × YungeF197 - 105, Yuetang93 - 159 × YungeF197 - 147, Yun-rui05 -344 ×YungeF197 - 105, Q141 × YungeF197 - 105, Yunrui05 - 189 × YungeF203 - 78, Yunrui05 -344 × Yunrui05 -458 and Nonglin03 -1× YungeF197 - 105 could be potential for breeding genotypes with high cane yield and high biomass.%以云割F1,F2崖城71-374(F2)及其后代与国内外常用亲本配成的30个杂交组合为研究材料,分析其有性世代主要性状的遗传效应.结果表明:母本、父本及选配方式的不同后代的主要性状均表现极显著差异(P父本(76.4%)>母本(70.6%);后代主要性状的遗传力大小顺序为锤度>有效茎>茎径>株高>蔗产量>糖产量;云割F197-105,云割F197-147,



    The Development and Evolution of the Idea of the Mandate of Heaven in the Zhou Dynasty The changes in the idea of Mandate of Heaven during the Shang and Zhou dynasties are of great significance in the course of the development of traditional Chinese culture. The quickening and awakening of the humanistic spirit was not the entire content of the Zhou idea of Mandate of Heaven. In the process of annihilating the Shang dynasty and setting up their state, the Zhou propagated the idea of the Mandate of Heaven out of practical needs. Their idea of the Mandate of Heaven was not very different from that of the Shang. From the Western Zhou on, the Zhou idea of Mandate of Heaven by no means developed in a linear way along a rational track. The intermingling of rationality and irrationality and of awakening and non-awakening remained the overall state of the Zhou intellectual superstructure after their "spiritual awakening".

  19. Reviving Kunqu



    @@ An optional course for university students at Peking University is attracting students to crowd the 300seat classroom.Many sit in aisles or stand at the back and in entrances.They come because of the charisma of the lecturer,Taiwanese author Pai Hsien-yung,and the exquisite art of China's oldest opera,Kunqu.

  20. International Conference on Conducting Materials (ICoCom2010) Held in Sousse, Tunisia on November 3-7, 2010


    Anna Köller, (Germany) Ouahab Lahcène (France) Mustapha Majdoub (Tunisia) Daniel Ayuk Mbi Egbe (Austria) Klaus Meerholz (Germany) Yung Woo Park (Korea...Cu3O7-δ multilayers Anis-ur-Rehman (Pakistan) Synthesis and enhancement of current density in Bi(Pb)Sr( Ba )-2223 doped by rare-earth elements 16:00-16

  1. Nanoscale Imaging Technology for THz Frequency Transmission Microscopy


    Microscopy, Analytical Chemistry , (06 2013): 0. doi: 10.1021/ac4010088 Yung Yu Wang, Peter J. Burke. Polyelectrolyte multilayer electrostatic gating of...C. G. Densmore, S. K. Doorn, P. J. Burke. Effect of source, surfactant , and deposition process on electronic properties of nanotube arrays, (09

  2. role of abdominal ultrasound in evaluation of children with ...


    Mar 16, 2011 ... at the gastroesophageal junction for at least 10 to 15 minutes as well as peristalsis .... cases detected blood flow in 10 out of the 18 patients. (56%). Various .... Mao-Meng, T. and Yung-Liang, W. Sonographic features of small ...

  3. Report of the Defense Science Board Task Force on Defense Software


    Mr. Larry Yung Development 10/13/99 Guidance Dr. Jacques Gansler 10/14/99 Benefits from Implementing a Mr. David Putman Process Improvement Program 10...Cross Meeting Overview 1/12/00 Commercial experience with Linda Northrop product line practice 1/12/00 Motorola John Teresinski 1/12/00 1994 DSB Study

  4. Differential Multiscale Modeling of Chemically Complex Materials under Heavy Deformation: Biological, Bioinspired and Synthetic Hierarchical Materials


    of Computational and Theoretical Nanoscience, Vol. 7, pp. 354-359, 2010. M.J. Buehler, Y.C. Yung, “How protein materials balance strength, robustness...toughness to surface cracks while minimize their plastic deformation in the interior of the materia . 19 Preliminary results of the laminated 2-hierarchy

  5. Motivation, Participation, and Engagement in Human Work Interaction Design Literature

    Clemmensen, Torkil; Campos, Pedro; Abdelnour-Nocera, José


    This position paper is aimed at presenting as discussion material at the CoPDA 2016 Workshop the preliminary results of a short review of the literature published by the HWID community in the last 10 years in four books. Specifically, the attention is posed on understanding the importance of moti...

  6. Linking benthic hydrodynamics and cold-water coral occurrences: A high-resolution model study at three cold-water coral provinces in the NE Atlantic

    Mohn, C.; Rengstorf, A.; White, M.; Mienis, F.; Soetaert, K.; Grehan, A.; Duineveld, G.


    Observations from numerous cold-water coral locations in the NE Atlantic show energetic near-bottom flow dynamics along the European continental margin at individual coral mounds and mound clusters. Dynamics are largely controlled by tide-topography interaction generating and enhancing periodic moti

  7. Real-time human walking estimation with radar

    Dorp, Ph. van; Groen, F.C.A.


    Radars can be used to observe persons. Animation of an observed human on the basis of Frequency Modulated Continuous Wave (FMCW) radar measurements in virtual reality considerably facilitates the interpretation of the radar measurements. These radar measurements give detailed information of the moti

  8. Flapping wing actuation using resonant compliant mechanisms: An insect-inspired design

    Bolsman, C.T.


    The realization of a wing actuation mechanism for a flapping wing micro air vehicle requires a move away from traditional designs based on gears and links. An approach inspired by nature’s flyers is better suited. For flapping flight two wing motions are important: the sweeping and the pitching moti

  9. The Motivated Project Team


    Financial incentives that match level of achievement • Regular, constructive feedback. Hierarchy of Needs (Abraham H. Maslow ) Team members can be...personal skills. One thing is certain, though: workforce and workplace dynamics are such that there is no one-size-fits-all approach to moti

  10. The Use of Chaff in Space as a Jamming Device between Ground Stations and Satellites


    of Fi•Yu es Figure Page 1. Rasic Orbital Parameters . . . . . . . .... 2. Satellite Orientation for Cases I, II, III, and IV...Moti r on Spin Direction PCe of sot on c.SSO..!Path of notion Case.X AngLe of Tk~t Case-III Cast IV Figure 2. SatelLite Orientation for Cases I, II

  11. Motives for mixing alcohol with energy drinks and other non-alcoholic beverages and its effects on overall alcohol consumption among UK students

    Johnson, Sean J; Alford, Chris; Verster, Joris C; Stewart, Karina


    INTRODUCTION: A UK student survey examined the motivations for consuming energy drinks alone and mixed with alcohol, and aimed to determine whether the type of motive had a differential effect on overall alcohol consumption. METHODS: The online survey (N = 1873) assessed alcohol consumption and moti

  12. The power of a smile to move you : Complementary submissiveness in women’s posture as a function of gender salience and facial expression.

    de Lemus, Soledad; Spears, Russell; Moya, Miguel


    Extending evidence that nonverbal complementary behavior can occur in dyads to the intergroup domain, the authors predicted that women assume a relatively submissive (narrow) posture when confronted with a male instructor adopting a dominant (broad) posture, but only when he smiles (affiliation moti

  13. A General Overview of Motivation in Linguistics



    In recent years, the term of motivation in linguistics study has aroused the interests of scholars. Different studies of mo -tivation have been produced by different scholars. In this paper, the writer organizes the recent studies on motivation in linguistics. the paper is divided into three parts, the introduction of the term motivation, different types of motivation, and theories of moti -vation.

  14. Lezioni di fisica teorica meccanica quantistica

    Verde, Mario

    Ottica geometrica ed ottica ondulatoria ; risoluzion spettrale di Fourier ; meccanica classica e meccanica ondulatoria ; esempi di alcuni moti semplici in meccanica ondulatoria ; operatori lineari e loro rappresentazioni ; formulazione più generale della nuova meccanica ; costanti del movimento ; l'atomo di Idrogeno ; teoria delle perturbazioni.

  15. Evaluating a novel approach to reliability decision support for offshore wind turbine installation

    Gintautas, Tomas; Sørensen, John Dalsgaard


    This paper briefly describes a novel approach of estimating weather windows for decision support in offshore wind turbine installation projects. The proposed methodology is based on statistical analysis of extreme physical responses of the installation equipment (such as lifting cable loads, moti...

  16. Aardkloot in ademnood. Hyperventilerende democratie in de mondiale sferen en netwerken van Peter Sloterdijk en Bruno Latour

    Dijstelbloem, H.


    Eind 2008 diende professor Schuurman, senator van de ChristenUnie, in de Eerste Kamer een motie in waarin hij het kabinet verzocht scenario’s te ontwikkelen om de verschillende crises waar de wereldbevolking mee kampt, in samenhang te bezien. Niet alleen de financiële crisis baarde hem zorgen, maar

  17. Motives for mixing alcohol with energy drinks and other non-alcoholic beverages and its effects on overall alcohol consumption among UK students

    Johnson, Sean J; Alford, Chris; Verster, Joris C|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/241442702; Stewart, Karina


    INTRODUCTION: A UK student survey examined the motivations for consuming energy drinks alone and mixed with alcohol, and aimed to determine whether the type of motive had a differential effect on overall alcohol consumption. METHODS: The online survey (N = 1873) assessed alcohol consumption and moti

  18. Decoding the direction of imagined visual motion using 7T ultra-high field fMRI

    Emmerling, Thomas C; Zimmermann, Jan; Sorger, Bettina; Frost, Martin A; Goebel, R.


    There is a long-standing debate about the neurocognitive implementation of mental imagery. One form of mental imagery is the imagery of visual motion, which is of interest due to its naturalistic and dynamic character. However, so far only the mere occurrence rather than the specific content of moti

  19. Influence of Muzzle Brakes Upon the Trajectory of Fin-Stabilized Projectiles.


    parked in a number of ordnance museums around the world; however, in this case, it has been designed with the saboted projectile as the prime moti...Naval Weapons Center Cockeysville, MD 21030 ATTN: Tech Info Div Washington, DC 20375 1 Advanced Technology Labs ATTN: Mr. J. Erdos 1 Commander Merrick




    2015 ABSTRAK PENGARUH KOMITMEN KARYAWAN, MOTIVASI KERJA, DAN GAYA KEPEMIMPINAN TERHADAP KEPUASAN KERJA AUDITOR INTERNAL (Studi Kasus pada Inspektorat Provinsi Sulawesi Selatan) EFFECT OF EMPLOYEE COMMITMENT, MOTIVATION, AND LEADERSHIP STYLE ON JOB SATISFACTION OF THE INTERNAL AUDITOR (Case Study in Inspectorate of South Sulawesi Province) Medina Noor Pratiwi Arifuddin Sri Sundari Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis adanya pengaruh komitmen karyawan, moti...

  1. A Study of Two Prefaces to The Romance of Three Kingdoms Collected by ZHOU Cun and LI Yu's Two Prefaces to the Novel for Memory of ZHOU as a Counselor of Chinese Research Society of The Romance of Three Kingdoms%周邨先生所藏《三国演义》两种叙考兼及李渔序两种——为纪念中国《三国演义》研究会顾问周邨先生而作




  2. Microfluidically supported biochip design for culture of endothelial cell layers with improved perfusion conditions.

    Raasch, Martin; Rennert, Knut; Jahn, Tobias; Peters, Sven; Henkel, Thomas; Huber, Otmar; Schulz, Ingo; Becker, Holger; Lorkowski, Stefan; Funke, Harald; Mosig, Alexander


    Hemodynamic forces generated by the blood flow are of central importance for the function of endothelial cells (ECs), which form a biologically active cellular monolayer in blood vessels and serve as a selective barrier for macromolecular permeability. Mechanical stimulation of the endothelial monolayer induces morphological remodeling in its cytoskeleton. For in vitro studies on EC biology culture devices are desirable that simulate conditions of flow in blood vessels and allow flow-based adhesion/permeability assays under optimal perfusion conditions. With this aim we designed a biochip comprising a perfusable membrane that serves as cell culture platform multi-organ-tissue-flow (MOTiF biochip). This biochip allows an effective supply with nutrition medium, discharge of catabolic cell metabolites and defined application of shear stress to ECs under laminar flow conditions. To characterize EC layers cultured in the MOTiF biochip we investigated cell viability, expression of EC marker proteins and cell adhesion molecules of ECs dynamically cultured under low and high shear stress, and compared them with an endothelial culture in established two-dimensionally perfused flow chambers and under static conditions. We show that ECs cultured in the MOTiF biochip form a tight EC monolayer with increased cellular density, enhanced cell layer thickness, presumably as the result of a rapid and effective adaption to shear stress by remodeling of the cytoskeleton. Moreover, endothelial layers in the MOTiF biochip express higher amounts of EC marker proteins von-Willebrand-factor and PECAM-1. EC layers were highly responsive to stimulation with TNFα as detected at the level of ICAM-1, VCAM-1 and E-selectin expression and modulation of endothelial permeability in response to TNFα/IFNγ treatment under flow conditions. Compared to static and two-dimensionally perfused cell culture condition we consider MOTiF biochips as a valuable tool for studying EC biology in vitro under

  3. Cone-beam computed tomography study of the root and canal morphology of mandibular permanent anterior teeth in a Chongqing population [Corrigendum

    Yang ZY


    Full Text Available Zhengyan Yang, Keke Lu, Fei Wang, Yueheng Li, Zhi ZhouDepartment of Preventive Dentistry, The College of Stomatology, The Affiliated Hospital of Stomatology, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, People’s Republic of ChinaOn page 19, the author’s names were listed incorrectly as Yang Zhengyan, Lu Keke, Wang Fei, Li Yueheng, Zhou Zhi.The correct names are Zhengyan Yang, Keke Lu, Fei Wang, Yueheng Li, Zhi Zhou.View the original paper here.

  4. Hydrodynamics of Macromolecular and Nano-Composite Materials


    profiles in plane Couette and Poiseuille flows . The results are published in International Journal of Engineering Science and Physics of Fluids. Ref...H. Zhou, R. Zhou, "Scaling Structure scaling properties of confined nematic polymers in plane Couette cells: the weak flow limit," J. Rheology, 48(1... Couette and Poisuille flows ," Physics of Fluids, in press 2004. 18. M. G. Forest, R. Zhou, and Q. Wang, "Chaotic boundaries of nematic polymers in

  5. A Control Strategy for High-Performance Macromolecular Materials


    with plane Couette & Poiseuille flows of nematic polymers in viscous solvents: morphology in molecular orientation, stress & flow , (with H. Zhou...Strategies, Inc. " On weak plane Couette and Poiseuille flows of rigid rod and platelet ensembles, (with Z. Cui, Q. Wang, H. Zhou), SIAM J. Applied Math...Doi kinetic theory. H. Zhou and Forest have studied structures in Poiseuille flow numerically and with asymptotic analysis, and then used our

  6. New Epigenetic Therapeutic Intervention for Metastatic Breast Cancer


    Editorial Boards: Ming-Ming Zhou 2009 - Editorial Board, Journal of Molecular Cell Biology 2010 - Editorial Board, ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters...Zhou CONTRACTING ORGANIZATION: Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai New York, NY 10029 REPORT DATE: April 2016 TYPE OF REPORT: Annual Report...PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) Ming-Ming Zhou, PhD 5d. PROJECT NUMBER Professor Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai 5e. TASK NUMBER

  7. Decline of the Aristocratic Democratic System in Shang-Zhou-Qin-Han Dynasty and the Heaven-Human Induction by Dong Zongshu to Promote a Clean Government%商周秦汉贵族民主政体的衰落与董子学说“天人感应”的廉政意义




  8. Principal Component Analysis and Its Application on Banana Fields Mapping Using ENVISAT ASAR Data in Zhang zhou, Fujian Province%基于主成分分析的ENVISAT ASAR数据在福建省漳州市香蕉园地提取中的应用

    汪小钦; 王钦敏; 凌飞龙; 朱晓铃; 江洪


    Banana is one of the main economic agrotypes in Zhangzhou, Fujian Province. The multi-temporal ENVISAT ASAR data with different polarization are used to classify the banana fields in this paper. Principal component analysis (PCA) was applied for six pairs of ASAR dual-polarization data. For its large leaves, banana has high backscatter. So the value of banana fields is high and shows very bright in the 1st component, which makes it much easier for banana fields extraction.Dual-polarization data provide more information, and the VV and VH backscatter of banana show different characters with other land covers. Based on the analysis of the radar signature of banana fields and other land covers and the 1st component, banana fields are classified using object-oriented classifier. Compared to the field survey data and ASTER data, the accuracy of banana fields in the study area is 83.5%. It shows that the principal component analysis provides the useful information in SAR images analysis and makes the extraction of banana fields easier.

  9. The Forming of the Chinese Marxism Aethetic Tradition and Meaning——Reading Zhou Weishan's The Forming of Aesthetic Tradition and Breakout%中国马克思主义美学传统的形成及其意义——读周维山的《美学传统的形成与突破》




  10. 共同探索音乐的灵动世界——记周海宏博士关于音乐心理学、音乐教育学的座谈%Explore the Mystic and Active Music World Together-record of Doctor Zhou Haihong's lecture on music psychology and music pedagogy




  11. Computer Digital Technology‘s Application Discussion in the GuiZhou Ethnic Non-material Cultural Heritage Protection%计算机数字化技术在贵州民族非物质文化遗产保护中的应用探讨



    贵州省是我国的多民族省份之一.不同民族在历史的长河里逐渐形成了自己独特的民俗和文化.随着民族融合步伐的加快以及生产力的不断提高,许多的少数民族非物质文化正处在濒临消忘的边缘.建立在数字信息技术之上的数字录音、录像技术;数字三维成像技术;数字图案媒体数据库及计算机辅助设计技术为少数民族非物质文化遗产的保护及开发提供了新的手段.对上述方法的研究与正确应用也必将对少数民族非物质文化遗产的保护产生积极影响.%Guizhou Province is one of China's multi-ethnic provinces. Different ethnic groups gradually formed its own unique folklore and culture. With the accelerated pace of national integration and productivity, many minority non-material culture is at the verge of extinction. The digital recording of digital information technology, video technology; digital 3D imaging technology; digital pattern media database and computer-aided design technology give the Intangible Cultural Heritage protection and development many new means. With the correct application of the methods described above will also have a positive impact on the protection of the Intangible Cultural Heritage.

  12. 新中国60年建筑回顾和建筑创作大奖——访中国建筑学会秘书长周畅%Review of the Sixty Years' Architecture of New China and the Architecture Creation Grand Prize: Interviewing ASC Secretary-general Zhou Chang



    @@ 为迎接新中国成立60周年,中国建筑学会将举办建筑创作大奖.本刊记者(以下简称记)就大奖的有关问题专访了中国建筑学会秘书长周畅(以下简称周)先生,请他回答了记者的提问.

  13. 国内年轻旅游者信息搜寻的行为调研与分析——以广州地区为例%Information Search Behaviors of Young Travelers in China: A Case Study of GuangZhou




  14. 一部别具特色的重要文献集——《建国以来周恩来文稿》(1-3册)编辑举要%A Characteristic Important Collection of Historical Documents——A Brief Description of Zhou Enlai's Manuscripts since the Founding of the PRC (vol.1-3)



    @@ 是由中共中央文献研究室和中央档案馆联合编辑的多卷本文献集.在周恩来诞辰110周年时,出版了这套文献集的1至3册,收入的是周恩来1949年6月至1950年12月期间的文稿.

  15. 同一个尼采的不同阐释--周国平、刘小枫笔下各自的尼采%Different Interpretation of Nietzche between Works of Zhou Guo-ping and LIU Xiao-feng




  16. On Old Preface of Mud Field of Zhou?s Fifth Amended Genealogy——A Lost Article of Yang Wan-li in Song Dynasty%《周氏五修族谱》 泥田旧序——宋杨万里佚文一篇




  17. Restudy of the Inscriptions on the Bronze Wares of Shang & Zhou Dynasties in North Henan from the Perspective of Computer Graphics and Chinese Literature%计算机图形学与汉语文献学视野内的豫北金文释读检讨




  18. Winter Temperature Changes Change Characteristic Analysis of Shuo Zhou and Causes of Warm Winter Weather And the Impact on Agroforestry%山西省朔州市冬季气温变化特征与暖冬的气象成因及对农林业的影响

    刘瑞兰; 吴占华; 韩虹



  19. Thinking about Survey of Audience Attitude towards Chao Zhou Da Luo GU in Folk Activities inYixi%民俗活动中潮州大锣鼓观众态度量表的编制与测量——以潮州市意溪镇为研究样本




  20. Analysis of Related Factors of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder among Children between 6 and 12 Years old in LiuZhou%柳州市6-12岁儿童罹患注意力缺陷-多动障碍的情况调查

    刘芳; 廖立红; 蒋宗顺


    object: to investigate Liuzhou children attention deficit hyperactivity disorder - the prevalence of Method: the parents the SNAP-IV rating scale Liuzhou 6 public elementary school and a private elementary school a total of 1021 pupils aged between 6 and 12 years. Preliminary screening positive for children by child development behavior specialist outpatient follow-up, eliminate body disease of the nervous system disease and other serious mental illness, according to the American psychiatric association’s diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders fourth edition to diagnose ADHD Result: the overall prevalence of 4.31%; Urban children prevalence rate 4.37%; Migrant children incidence of 4.26%, there was no statistically significant difference; Conclusion: the prevalence of ADHD Liuzhou children basic consistent with the national level; The prevalence of urban and rural children no difference.%目的:调查柳州市儿童注意力缺陷-多动障碍的发病情况。方法:采用SNAP-IV父母等级评定量表对柳州市6所公立小学和1所私立小学共计1021名6-12岁的小学生进行注意力缺陷-多动障碍的筛查,由儿童发育行为专科门诊对初步筛查结果呈阳性的儿童进行随访,按照美国精神病研究协会制定的精神障碍诊断标准以及第4版精神疾病的诊断和统计手册判断这些儿童是否患有注意力缺陷-多动障碍。结果:在本组儿童中,罹患ADHD的儿童占4.31%(44/1021)。男孩患此病的几率为5.63%(29/515),女孩患病的几率为2.96%(15/506),二者相比差异显著(X2=4.401,P=0.0360.05)。结论:柳州市儿童多动症的患病率与全国水平基本一致;城乡儿童ADHD的患病率相比较无显著差异。将SNAP-IV量表做为儿童ADHD的筛查量表进行ADHD发病率的调查简便易行,此法值得在基层医院推广使用。

  1. Effects of ice storm on forest ecosystem of southern China in 2008 Shaoqiang Wang1, Lei Zhou1, Weimin Ju2, Kun Huang1 1Key Lab of Ecosystem Network Observation and Modeling, Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Beijing, 10010

    Wang, Shaoqiang


    Evidence is mounting that an increase in extreme climate events has begun to occur worldwide during the recent decades, which affect biosphere function and biodiversity. Ecosystems returned to its original structures and functions to maintain its sustainability, which was closely dependent on ecosystem resilience. Understanding the resilience and recovery capacity of ecosystem to extreme climate events is essential to predicting future ecosystem responses to climate change. Given the overwhelming importance of this region in the overall carbon cycle of forest ecosystems in China, south China suffered a destructive ice storm in 2008. In this study, we used the number of freezing day and a process-based model (Boreal Ecosystem Productivity Simulator, BEPS) to characterize the spatial distribution of ice storm region in southeastern China and explore the impacts on carbon cycle of forest ecosystem over the past decade. The ecosystem variables, i.e. Net primary productivity (NPP), Evapotranspiration (ET), and Water use efficiency (WUE, the ratio of NPP to ET) from the outputs of BEPS models were used to detect the resistance and resilience of forest ecosystem in southern China. The pattern of ice storm-induced forest productivity widespread decline was closely related to the number of freezing day during the ice storm period. The NPP of forest area suffered heavy ice storm returned to normal status after five months with high temperature and ample moisture, indicated a high resilience of subtropical forest in China. The long-term changes of forest WUE remain stable, behaving an inherent sensitivity of ecosystem to extreme climate events. In addition, ground visits suggested that the recovery of forest productivity was attributed to rapid growth of understory. Understanding the variability and recovery threshold of ecosystem following extreme climate events help us to better simulate and predict the variability of ecosystem structure and function under current and future climate change.

  2. Immunization coverage and safety of the 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine in Guang-zhou from 2010 to 2015%2010-2015年广州市23价肺炎球菌多糖疫苗接种情况及安全性分析

    陈健; 许建雄; 张春焕; 谭慧峰; 李志群


    Objective To analyze the immunization coverage of 23-valent pneumococcal polysac-charide vaccine(PPV23)in a large population in Guangzhou and to evaluate its safety by analyzing the ad-verse events following immunization(AEFI)reported to the passive surveillance system. Methods Immu-nization data of PPV23 in Guangzhou from 2010 to 2015 were collected from Information Management System of Biological Products and the Information System of Immune Programming of Guangzhou. AEFI reported to the AEFI Information System during 2010 to 2015 was collected for safety evaluation. The collected data were analyzed by using descriptive methodology. Results A total of 621 059 doses of PPV23 were pre-scribed in Guangzhou from 2010 to 2015. Most of the recipients were children younger than 10 years old,ac-counting for 79. 44% . Only 9. 38% of the subjects received PPV23 were older than 60 years. A total of 243 AEFI cases were reported at a rate of 39. 13 cases per 100 000 doses,among which 199 cases(32. 04 / 105 ) showed minor vaccine reactions,25 cases(4. 03 / 105 )occurred adverse events,16 cases(2. 58 / 105 )de-veloped coupled diseases and 3 cases(0. 48 / 105 )were classified as psychogenic reactions. No rare adverse reactions were observed. Conclusion The majority of people immunized with PPV23s in Guangzhou were children,while the immunization coverage among the elderly was relatively low. PPV23 was safe for vaccina-tion as the reported AEFI cases were similar to that of other vaccines.%目的:分析广州市23价肺炎球菌多糖疫苗(23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine,PPV23)大规模人群应用情况及接种反应的被动监测结果,评价 PPV23的使用情况及安全性。方法通过广州市生物制品管理信息系统和免疫规划信息系统获得广州市2010—2015年 PPV23预防接种资料;通过疑似预防接种异常反应(adverse event following immunization,AEFI)信息管理系统,收集接种 PPV23后报告的 AEFI 个案;采用描述性流行病学方法分析相关信息。结果2010—2015年广州市共接种 PPV23621059剂,接种主要集中在﹤10岁年龄组,占79.44%;60岁以上年龄组占9.38%。报告 AEFI 243例,发生率为39.13/10万剂。一般反应199例,发生率为32.04/10万剂;异常反应25例,发生率为4.03/10万剂;偶合症16例,发生率为2.58/10万剂;心因性反应3例,发生率为0.48/10万剂;未发现罕见和极罕见不良反应。结论广州市 PPV23的接种人群主要是儿童,老年人群接种率较低,被动监测数据未发现不同于其他疫苗的不良反应,PPV23的接种是安全的。

  3. Zhou Tetrastichus white moth Antheraea pernyi pupa from the host body Within a bee habits and the forest after the release of observational studies%白蛾周氏啮小蜂从寄主柞蚕蛹体爬出后的习性及林间释放的观察研究

    刘发邦; 韩瑞东; 郭光智; 王绍文; 朱九军; 郭斐



  4. Prof. Zhou Peiyuan, an ever-bright star in Chinese circles of scientists and educational workers-In memory of the centenary of his birth%宗师巨匠表率楷模--纪念周培源诞辰100周年



    @@ 周培源教授是蜚声海内外的科学家、教育家和社会活动家,我国科技界的卓越领导人之一,近代力学事业的奠基人之一.生前为全国政协副主席,九三学社中央委员会名誉主席,中国科协名誉主席,北京大学教授,中国科学院院士.是我国科学家中最早担任国际理论与应用力学联合会的理事、国际科学家联合会理事及出席世界科学工作者协会全体大会的中国代表和首席代表.1962年当选为世界科协副主席.1980年获美国普林斯顿大学名誉法学博士学位,1980年和1985年两次获得美国加利福尼亚理工学院"具有卓越贡献的校友"奖.

  5. 媒体职业道德的缺失及解决对策——以记者采访周克华母亲为例%Medium occupation ethics and Countermeasures——to reporter to interview Zhou Ke-hua mother for example



      In recent years, with the rapid development of China's journalism, media more and more intense competition between. In order to attract more audience and economic benefits, the media emerged due to lack of theoretical knowledge, quality defects, industry mismanagement caused the phenomenon of occupation morality. Based on the analysis of the reason of the loss of media occupation morality, discusses the improvement of laws and regulations, improve the media's moral self-discipline, strengthen the humanities concern consciousness and establishing media supervision mechanism to hold media occupation moral countermeasure.%  近年来,随着我国新闻事业的快速发展,媒体之间的竞争越来越激烈。为了争取更多的受众和经济利益,媒体自身出现了因理论知识的不足、素质修养的缺陷、行业管理的不善等原因导致职业道德缺失的现象。通过对媒体职业道德缺失原因的分析,探讨通过法律法规的完善、提高媒体人的道德自律、加强人文关怀意识及建立媒体监督机制等守住媒体职业道德的对策。

  6. 基于空间PCA的兰州市热环境人文驱动因素分析%Simulation and analysis of human dimensions of urban thermal environment in valley-city:a case study of LanZhou City

    潘竟虎; 李宝娟


    Urbanization is followed with a series of physical, ecological and social processes. The formation and e-volution of urban thermal environment, which are closely related to changes of land cover and socioeconomic activities of human being in urban area, can generalize and embody urban ecological environment condition. Distribution and evolution of urban thermal environment is relevant to interactions of human activities such as the change of underlying surface, anthropogenic heat emission and environmental pollution. Due to the complexity of factors contributing to urban thermal environment, the routine observing methods and statistical methods are insufficient in acquiring data and analyzing the responses of human activities to thermal environment, especially discerning the major at-tributors from the others. Existing research efforts on the driving mechanism of urban thermal formation and evolution have been mostly focused on the measurement of a single or several indicators representing land cover changes, socioeconomic conditions, etc. There is still lack of a comprehensive analysis with respect to surface thermal environment system from a regional perspective. In the recent fifty years, urbanization of Lanzhou City,Gansu Province is in a quick increasing period. Comparing to the plain cities, Lanzhou's integrated effects include the artificial and original influence factors bringing about the prominent and particular hot island effects. So it is necessary to research on the temporal-spatial characteristics and formation mechanisms of thermal environment in Lanzhou. Based on Landsat TM images and taking the arid valley urban area of Lanzhou as a case study, this paper employed Spatial Principal Component Analysis (SPCA) method to analyze the spatial pattern and the influencing factors of urban thermal environment as a substitute of Multi-Criterion valuation ( MCE) method. Several conclusions have been drawn as follows: There are four primary factors to influence the density and spatial pattern of urban environment in Lanzhou, which can be generalized as landscape pattern, allocation of industries, urban construction density and types of underlying surface. The cumulative variance contribution rate of the first four principal components is 91.27%. It is dissimilar in the formation mechanism of thermal environment among all the zones through comparing four principle components. The linear model including the four independent variables could reveal the response mechanism of human activities on thermal environment in Lanzhou. Differing from other cities, landscape pattern is regarded as the most sensitive factors to Lanzhou's thermal environment among these factors, whose variance contribution was up to 48.42%. Furthermore, the difference in. Spatial distribution of the main factors facilitates the formation of the diverse urban thermal environment in different areas. The results would be valuable to simulate spatial change of urban thermal environment and even put forward countermeasures to lessen the urban thermal environment intensity for policy makers, at the same time can also support the decision for urban planning, urban constructing, environment protecting and regional sustainable development in Lanzhou city.%在城市化过程中,人类社会、经济活动的加剧使城市地表热力景观呈现出高度的空间异质性.目前对城市热环境形成、演变的驱动机制、热岛效应与地表覆被变化的定量关系研究大多还是从对某些影响因子的测定入手,缺乏对区域热环境系统全面、综合的评价与分析.利用多源空间数据,以干旱区河谷型城市兰州为研究对象,在探讨热环境的空间格局基础上,运用空间主成分分析方法替代传统的多准则判断方法,分析了人类活动对城市热环境的影响特征.结果表明:兰州市人类活动对热环境的影响因子可以归纳为4种相对独立的基本要素,即景观格局、工业布局、城市建筑以及地表覆盖.影响兰州市中心城区热环境的最核心要素是景观格局,四个因子的线性模型较好地模拟了热环境的空间变化,定量揭示了兰州中心城区人类活动对热环境的影响机制.

  7. 算法设计与分析课程中最大子段和问题的教学探讨%Discussion of Maximum Sub-Segment Sum Problem in Course of Design and Analysis of Algorithm//Zhou Bo, Liu Wenq-iang, Qiao Fu, Han Na

    周波; 刘文强; 乔付; 韩娜


    The paper introduces a dynamic programming method of maximum sub-segment sum problem in the course of design and analysis of algorithm. The solution procedure is to solve the maximum sub-segment sum of each element used as the tail element in a given sequence firstly, and then one of the largest is the maximum sub-seg-ment sum of the whole sequence. The paper analyzes the construction method of the optimal solution of the maximum sub-segment sum problem from two different facet, and presents the dynamic program-ming algorithm of the maximum sub-segment sum problem, also analyzes the time complexity of the algorithm. Through the explana-tion of this problem, it wil help the students clear the solving steps of the dynamic programming method and master the design step of the dynamic programming algorithm.%介绍算法设计与分析课程中最大子段和问题的动态规划解法,其求解思想是先求给定序列中以每一个元素为尾元素的最大子段和,然后其中的最大者便是整个序列的最大子段和。从两个不同的角度分析最大子段和问题最优解的构造方法,给出最大子段和问题的动态规划算法,并分析算法的时间复杂度。通过这一问题的讲解,有助于学生明确动态规划方法的解题步骤,掌握动态规划算法的设计步骤。

  8. 指导环境保护事业发展的纲领性文件——访国家环境保护总局局长周生贤%The Programmatic Document Guiding Environmental Protection Development——Visit to ZHOU Shengxian, Minister of SEPA



  9. 基于常州历史文化特色的公共环境设施设计研究与实践%The Research and Practice of Design for Public Environmental Facilities Based on the Historical and Cultural Characteristics of ChangZhou

    滕佳华; 祝燕琴; 申明倩


    公共环境设施作为城市的重要组成元素,体现着城市的品味、文明程度和文化品质,是展示城市形象的窗口和平台.本文在分析常州市的历史文化特点的基础上,结合现代人的生活及审美需求,提出了设计具有常州文化特色的环境设施的理念和方法,使常州的公共环境设施具有独特的国家历史文化名城特色和个性.%As an important part of the city,the public environment facilities,which reflects the city's taste,the degree of civilization and the cultural quality,are the window and platform to display the city image. In this paper,on the basis of the analysis which was based on the characteristics of Changzhou city's history and cul-ture,combined with modern life and aesthetic needs,the concepts and methods for the environment and facili-ties design with Changzhou culture were put forward which will make Changzhou become a city with unique national historical and cultural characteristics and personality.

  10. 建设宁夏固原市原州区2012年头营生态移民点设施农业供水工程迫在眉睫%The Original ZhouOu 2012 Years the Construction of the Ecological Immigration Point Facilities Agricultural Water Supply Project is Imminent



      2012 year camp ecological immigration point facilities after the implementation of agricultural water supply project, can effectively guarantee demonstration garden of irrigation water, the high-tech agricultural facilities construction and production smoothly, and has very important economic and social benefits.%  2012年宁夏固原市原州区头营生态移民点设施农业供水工程实施后,可有效的保证示范园区的灌溉用水,使园区的高科技设施农业的建设和生产得以顺利进行,具有十分重要的经济效益和社会效益。

  11. 政府信息公共获取的质量调查研究--以广州市为例%The Investigation on the Quality of Public Access to Government Information---A Case Study of GuangZhou



    According to the domestic and international research on the quality of government information, the information quality guidelines determined by the US goverment informcortion qualify act, and the specific circumstances of Guangzhou, the information quality evaluation indicators are determined. Questionnaires were used to collect original data from citizens of Guangzhou. The results show that the requirements of citizens for government information quality including not only the information content itself, but also public channels and feedback.%文章参照国内外关于政府信息质量的研究成果,以及美国政府“信息质量法”所确定的质量指标,结合广州市的具体情况,确定了政府信息质量的评价指标。采用问卷法对广州市民进行调查以收集原始数据。结果显示,社会公众对政府信息公开的质量要求不仅包括信息内容本身,而且涉及信息公开的渠道以及信息反馈。

  12. ASSeSSment of QuAlity And environmentAl impACt of GeothermAl fluid in boZhou City%安徽省亳州城区地热流体质量与环境影响评价

    陈循; 官煜; 黄多成


    There is a large geothermal field in Bozhou City , this paper appraised the geothermal fluids quality conditions and environmental impact in accordance with the relevant national standards. Bozhou City geothermal fluid have 41 ~ 52.℃.of.water temperature , with a value of human health, physical therapy of hot mineral water, is suitable as bathing and heating and other health development and utilization, not for directly as drinking water, water for irrigation and fisheries.%亳州城区蕴藏有一处大型地热田,本文依据国家相关标准分别对其地热流体进行质量和环境影响评价。亳州城区地热水温41~52℃,具有人体保健理疗价值,适宜作为理疗热矿水保健洗浴和供暖等开发利用;一般不适宜直接作为饮用水、灌溉用水和渔业用水。

  13. Agreeable aftertaste of Sorrowful Emotion--on JiangKui's ci "YangZhou man" and its style%"黍离之悲"的余味--读姜夔《扬州慢》一词兼论其词风




  14. DNA和细胞对重离子辐照诱导DNA双链断裂的敏感性比较%Comparison of Sensitivity to Heavy-Ion Induction of DNA Double-Strand Breaks between DNA and Intact CellsZHOU Guang-ming,LI Wen-jian,WANG Ju-fang,LI Qiang,LI Xing-lin

    周光明; 李文建; 王菊芳; 李强; 李兴林; 党秉荣; 颉红梅; 温小琼; 卫增泉; 高清祥


    用倒转脉冲场凝胶电泳(PIGE)比较研究了50 MeV/u 12C6+辐照小鼠B16黑色素瘤细胞及其脱蛋白DNA分子,从而诱导DNA双链断裂(DSB)的辐射敏感性.结果表明,不论辐照脱蛋白DNA还是辐照完整细胞,诱导的DNA片段释放百分比(PR)都随着剂量的增加而增加,在超过40Gy后,PR趋向一个近似相同的准阈值~81%.辐照脱蛋白DNA诱导的DSB产额为0.40DSBs/100Mbp/Gy,辐照完整细胞诱导的DSB产额约为0.19 DSBs/100Mbp/Gy.说明脱蛋白DNA分子比完整细胞对重离子辐照要敏感.

  15. The Model of the Second Classroom Settings in Major of Law--A Case Study of H University in GuiZhou Province%法学专业第二课堂设置模式探讨--以贵州省H高校为例



    The activity of the second classroom has a special role in the professional education of law, it must follow the principle of students' subjectivity,fun principle,system principle,the principle of ideological content,the activity of the second classroom should be arranged flexibly according to the teaching schedule of the first classroom .In view of the problems existing in the second classroom setting of H Universities, some suggestions are put forward to solve the problems.%第二课堂活动在法学专业教育中具有特殊的作用,第二课堂活动的开展必须遵循学生主体性原则、寓教于乐原则、系统性原则、思想性原则,学校应根据第一课堂教学进度灵活安排第二课堂活动,针对H高校第二课堂设置中存在的不足,提出了解决问题的建议。

  16. Community-oriented Policing in Social Management legalization---Based on an Positive Study of the Multifunctional Organization of Public Security Organs Mass Work in QuZhou%社会管理法治化中的社区警务--基于衢州市“公安群众工作综合体”的实证研究



    公安机关社会管理是政府社会管理的重要组成部分,其管理成效直接影响到群众生活和社会稳定。一直以来,公安作为国家的专政工具,围绕着高度集权的政府行使专政与社会管理,在政治、经济、社会领域承担着管控的职能。随着服务型政府的转型,公安行政也面临着服务转型,尤其是社区警务,必须以服务社区为导向,寓管理于服务之中。“公安群众工作综合体”将社区警务嵌入社区生活,为社区警务的转型提供了有效的载体,推动了社会管理的创新。%The social management by public secu rity organs is an important part of the government social management and directly people’s life and social stability. As country's instrument of dictatorship, the public security organs be bearing the function of management and control in political, economy, society field for a long time. The public security organs is confronted with transform, because of constructing public service type government, Especially community-oriented policing need to realize management purpose in services. The multifunctional organization of public security organs mass work have carried out the beneficial exploration for the transform of community-oriented policing and driven social management innovation by implanting community-oriented policing in community life.

  17. Illustration Beauty of the Romance of the Three Kingdoms in Ming dynasty——Take the Version ZhouYuejiao,Version Li Zhuowu,and the Version Hero Paean for Examples%明代《三国》小说版画之美——以周曰校本、李卓吾本、英雄谱本为例

    张玉梅; 张祝平



  18. The Failed Revolution Enlightenment——Analysis of the Revolution Lift of ZHOU Haoran ,the First Dead Member of Left League of Qingdao%夭折的革命启蒙——浅析青岛"左联"牺牲第一人周浩然的革命生涯



    ZHUO Haoran was born in the hard times of China and took responsibility of era as his mission and strove for it for a lifetime ,dedicated all his youth blood to public awareness .In his high school days ,he participated in the"League of Leftist Writers",actively engaged in the creative activities of enlightenment literature ,and fired the first shot to the Japanese in Qingd-ao .He wrote a magnificent chapter in his 24 years of life and was the only cultural celebrity who was born in Qingdao ,fought and died in .Disregard of the national heroes is a sign of historical nihilism .To strengthen the publicity and education of nation-al heroes and promote the spirit of integrity will promote deeper understanding of the Chinese nation formation history by the national members ,enhance the national self -confidence ,promote national identity and strengthen the cohesion of the Chinese nation .%周浩然生于忧患岁月 ,以时代责任为使命并为之奋斗终生 ,将全部青春热血致力于民众觉醒.他中学时代参加"左联" ,积极从事启蒙文学的创作活动 ,打响青岛武装抗日第一枪.他用仅有的24年青春年华书写了壮丽的篇章 ,是青岛文化名人中唯一一位出生于青岛 ,战斗、牺牲于青岛的本土文化名人.加强对民族英雄的宣传 ,弘扬浩然精神 ,将促进人们加深对中华民族形成历史的了解 ,增强民族自信心 ,促进民族认同 ,加强中华民族的凝聚力.

  19. 从“昭陵六骏”看艺术的审美维度、功能及中西交融%Aesthetic dimensions, functions and Sino-Western Exchange of Art from “Six Horses of Zhou Tomb”



    从艺术、历史、文化角度分析“昭陵六骏”独特的审美维度、意思识形态功能和初唐时期的中西文化交流成果.认为“昭陵六骏”不仅是唐代雕塑艺术的珍品,更是研究中国古代封建社会政治、经济、文化的宝藏;宣扬了大唐史诗般的英雄气概,展示了其文治武功.“昭陵六骏”在中国古代雕塑史上占有突出地位,堪称古代纪念碑式雕刻的不朽杰作.%From angels of art,history and culture,this thesis introduces the unique aesthetic dimension,I-deological functions and Sino-Western cultural exchanges ruits in early Tang Dynasty from "The Six Horses of Zhao Tomb". The author holds that "The Six Horses of Zhao Tomb"are the precious sculpture gems of Tang Dynasty,and they are the valuable treasure for researching the politics?economy and culture of ancient federal society of Chinai The works are showing the heroic spirit of epic Thng dynasty, from them, we can see the great political and military achievements. In a word, "Six Horses of Zhao Tomb"occupy and outstanding position in ancient sculpture history of China, they are the everlasting masterpieces in ancinet sculpture.

  20. Reassurance Strategy: Incentives for Use and Conditions for Success


    Costs and Benefits of Unification,” in Perspective on Korean Unification and Economic Integration, ed. Choi Young Back, Yesook Merrill , Yung Y. Yang...military leaders objecting to some of the measures discussed by Reagan and Gorbachev. After Reykjavik, Admiral William Crowe , chairman of the Joint...angry because there had been no consultation with them. Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Admiral William J. Crowe , Jr., spoke for the other

  1. Asymptotic Law of the Falling Liquid Film Form in Partial Wetting

    A. R. Pоlyanskii


    Full Text Available The paper considers a problem of falling the partially wetting liquid across solid surface taking into account the disjoining pressure for liquid particles in its thin layers close to the three phase contact line. Within the frame of dropping liquid hydrodynamics it is easy to take into consideration the surface tension. On the other hand, with available surface tension, the attempts to fulfill Yung condition for a contact angle encounter truly insurmountable difficulties. Generally speaking, this problem has no solution within the limits of standard hydrodynamic theory of viscous liquid if the surface tension occurs and, at the same time, it is necessary to fulfill Yung condition for partial wetting. These problems can be solved if, instead of Yung condition, which is specified on the three phase contact line, the task is reformulated taking into account an additional chemical potential (or, in other words, the disjoining pressure of the liquid particles in thin liquid layers close to the three-phase contact line. This approach allows us to formulate the appropriate problem of mathematical physics in the consistent closed-form. The unique dependence of the disjoining pressure on the liquid film thickness and the decline angle of the free surface leads to degeneration of hydrodynamics equations on the three phase contact line, on the one hand, and to fulfilling the Yung condition, on the other one. The paper demonstrates application of the developed theory in the context of calculating liquid surface form at different movement velocities. The asymptotic relationships obtained from the results of numerical experiments allow us to describe the variation law of the apparent 'dynamic' contact angle versus rate of the falling liquid from the wetted surface in the way suitable for calculations.

  2. Placental endoplasmic reticulum stress and acidosis: relevant aspects in gestational diabetes.

    Jawerbaum, Alicia


    In this issue, Yung and colleagues (doi: 10.1007/s00125-016-4040-2 ) report endoplasmic reticulum stress in the placenta of patients with gestational diabetes mellitus. With the use of a trophoblast-like cell line, these authors identify putative mechanisms involved in, and treatments to prevent the induction of endoplasmic reticulum stress. Here, the relevance and possible implications of these findings and areas for further research are discussed.

  3. Comparative Genomics of Cluster O Mycobacteriophages

    Cresawn, Steven G.; Pope, Welkin H.; Jacobs-Sera, Deborah; Bowman, Charles A.; Russell, Daniel A.; Dedrick, Rebekah M.; Adair, Tamarah; Anders, Kirk R.; Ball, Sarah; Bollivar, David; Breitenberger, Caroline; Burnett, Sandra H; Butela, Kristen; Byrnes, Deanna; Carzo, Sarah


    Mycobacteriophages – viruses of mycobacterial hosts – are genetically diverse but morphologically are all classified in the Caudovirales with double-stranded DNA and tails. We describe here a group of five closely related mycobacteriophages – Corndog, Catdawg, Dylan, Firecracker, and YungJamal – designated as Cluster O with long flexible tails but with unusual prolate capsids. Proteomic analysis of phage Corndog particles, Catdawg particles, and Corndog-infected cells confirms expression of h...

  4. Efficient Methods of Estimating the Operating Characteristics of Item Response Categories and Challenge to a New Model for the Multiple-Choice Item


    directions of future research. This final report has been completed with the dedicated assistantship by Paul S. Changas, Charles MeCarter, Shiao-Yung Chen...others, Paul S. Changas, C. I. Bonnie Chen, Philip S. Livingston, Charles T. McCarter, Melanie Perkins, Robert L. Trestman and I Ching-Chan Yeh have... Lazarsfeld ( Lazarsfeld , 1959) and others as a theory of social attitude measurement in the area of sociology, and also by the work accomplished by Rasch

  5. Fatigue Characterization of Fabricated Ship Details. Phase 2


    Mattos, R.J., Higashida , Y. and Burk, J.D. (1978) "Estimation of Fatigue Initiation Life of Weld." ASTM STP 684, 134-158. A-2. Lawrence, F.V., Jr., Ho...coefficient as a function of ultimate strength and hardness[A-7]. 180 1.0 - I I I I a I.I 1 1 1 6 1 1 1 1 I I I I - Yung Higashida A36fWMI A A L HAZ

  6. A Public Key Encryption Scheme Based on the Polynomial Reconstruction Problem

    Augot, Daniel; Finiasz, Matthieu


    International audience; The Polynomial Reconstruction problem (PR) has been introduced in 1999 as a new hard problem. Several cryptographic primitives established on this problem have been constructed, for instance Naor and Pinkas have proposed a protocol for oblivious polynomial evaluation. Then it has been studied from the point of view of robustness, and several important properties have been discovered and proved by Kiayias and Yung. Furthermore the same authors constructed a symmetric ci...

  7. Appreciating Children


    ANOTHER Spring Festival was drawing near. From her college in Dalian, sophomore Zhou Tingting returned home to Nanjing—to the family that had given her life and affection, and perhaps most importantly, appreciation. Family indeed has special meaning for Zhou Tingting. She is a deaf girl who entered college at age of 16, but it

  8. On k-hypertournament losing scores

    Pirzada, Shariefuddin


    We give a new and short proof of a theorem on k-hypertournament losing scores due to Zhou et al. [G. Zhou, T. Yao, K. Zhang, On score sequences of k-tournaments, European J. Comb., 21, 8 (2000) 993-1000.

  9. Tanshinones as Effective Therapeutic Agents for Prostate Cancer


    Y. Tian, T.-F. Chen, W. Ye, L. Li, F. Ni, J.-R. Zhou: Construction and screening of fractional library of Salvia Miltiorrhiza for the rapid...glutathione perturbation. Food Chem Toxicol 2008;46: 328–38. 19. Singh AV, Franke AA, Blackburn GL, Zhou JR. Soy phytochemicals prevent orthotopic growth and

  10. Assessments of Tumor Extracellular pH with PARACEST MRI


    BA , Zhou J, van Zijl PCM. Water satura- tion shift referencing (WASSR) for chemical exchange saturation transfer (CEST) experiments. Magn Reson Med...provides insights into the optimum design of PARACEST agents for MRI. Magn Reson Med 2005;53:790–799. 29. Zhou J, Wilson DA, Sun PZ, Klaus JA, van

  11. 中国古代玺印(英文)


    Royal seals were first used to validate ancient officials' documents. Most of the seals have Chinese characters. Seals date back to the Shang and Western Zhou dynasties (1600 BC-771 BC), and developed extensively in the Eastern Zhou Dynasty (770 BC-256 BC). ChangeS in China's social structure led to direct relations between the roles of individuals and social

  12. Comparison differential transformation technique with Adomian decomposition method for linear and nonlinear initial value problems

    Abdel-Halim Hassan, I.H. [Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, Zagazig University, Zagazig (Egypt)], E-mail:


    In this paper, we will compare the differential transformation method DTM and Adomian decomposition method ADM to solve partial differential equations (PDEs). The definition and operations of differential transform method was introduced by Zhou [Zhou JK. Differential transformation and its application for electrical circuits. Wuuhahn, China: Huarjung University Press; 1986 [in Chinese

  13. Confining strings in supersymmetric theories with Higgs branches

    Shifman, M.; Tallarita, Gianni; Yung, Alexei


    We study flux tubes (strings) on the Higgs branches in supersymmetric gauge theories. In generic vacua on the Higgs branches, strings were shown to develop long-range "tails" associated with massless fields, a characteristic feature of the Higgs branch (the only exception is the vacuum at the base of the Higgs branch). A natural infrared regularization for the above tails is provided by a finite string length L . We perform a numerical study of these strings in generic vacua. We focus on the simplest example of strings in N =1 supersymmetric QED with the Fayet-Iliopoulos term. In particular, we examine the accuracy of a logarithmic approximation (proposed earlier by Evlampiev and Yung) for the tension of such string solutions. In the Evlampiev-Yung formula, the dependence of tension on the string length is logarithmic, and the dependence on the geodesic length from the base of the Higgs branch is quadratic. We observe a remarkable agreement of our numerical results for the string tension with the Evlampiev-Yung analytic expression.

  14. Confining Strings in Supersymmetric Theories with Higgs Branches

    Shifman, Mikhail; Yung, Alexei


    We study flux tubes (strings) on the Higgs branches in supersymmetric gauge theories. In generic vacua on the Higgs branches strings were shown to develop long-range "tails" associated with massless fields, a characteristic feature of the Higgs branch (the only exception is the vacuum at the base of the Higgs branch). A natural infrared regularization for the above tails is provided by a finite string length L. We perform a numerical study of these strings in generic vacua. We focus on the simplest example of strings in N=1 supersymmetric QED with the Fayet-Iliopoulos term. In particular, we examine the accuracy of a logarithmic approximation (proposed earlier by Evlampiev and Yung) for the tension of such string solutions. In the Evlampiev-Yung formula the dependence of tension on the string length is logarithmic and the dependence on the geodesic length from the base of the Higgs branch is quadratic. We observe a remarkable agreement of our numerical results for the string tension with the Evlampiev-Yung an...

  15. 潜江市龙湾遗址群放鹰台第3号台试掘简报



    No. 3 platform of Longwan Crowd Ruins at Fangyingtai is one component of Longwan palace crowd ruins of the East Zhou Dynasity. Spring in 1999, Qianjang municipal museum had a trial excavation on it within 100 square metres, and gained something important, we Discovered a yellow soil foundation, some fire soil holes, tiles, Sansui of the East Zhou Dynasty, and two hollows, one square well ruin of the west zhou dynasty, and unearthed a great deal of remains of the East and West Zhou Dynasty .such as li yu jar kettle dou basin urn water-jar copper ben and so on , including living utensils and productive tools. These unearthed remnants and remains have progressive role on discussion of the Longwan palace crowd ruins of the East Zhou Dynasty and the Chu civilization.

  16. Fabrication and Frequency Response Characteristics of AlN-Based Solidly Mounted Resonator

    XIONG Juan; GU Hao-Shuang; HU Kuan; HU Ming-Zhe


    @@ Film bulk acoustic resonator (FBAR) with solidly mounted resonator (SMR)-type is carried out by rf magnetic sputtering. To fabricate SMR-type FBAR, alternative high and low acoustic impedance layers, Mo/Ti multilayer, are adopted as Bragg reflector deposited by dc magnetron sputtering. The influences of sputtering pressure, substrate temperature and sputtering power on the surface roughness of Bragg reflector layer are discussed. From the atom force microscopy (AFM) analysis, the surface roughness of the Bragg reflector is improved remarkably by controlling deposition conditions. Under the appropriate sputtering condition, AIN thin films with highly c-axis-preferred orientation are deposited by rf magnetron sputtering. The performance of fabricated Mo/Ti SMR shows that the electromechanical coupling coefficient is 3.89%, the series and parallel resonant frequencies appear at 2.49 and 2.53 GHz, with their quality factors 134.2 and 97.6, respectively.

  17. Static and Dynamic Damage Analysis of Mass Concrete in Hydropower House of Three Gorges Project

    马震岳; 张存慧


    This paper establishes a 3D numerical model for 15# hydropower house of the Three Gorges Project (TGP) and performs a nonlinear static and dynamic damage analysis. In this numerical model, a coupling model of finite and infinite elements for simulating infinite foundation of hydropower station is adopted. A plastic-damage model based on continuum damage mechanics, which includes the softening and damage behavior under tension is considered for the concrete material. The dynamic equilibrium equations of moti...

  18. A Stylistic Analysis of the Lyric Discourse: A Case Study of Tonight I Wanna Cry%A Stylistic Analysis of the Lyric Discourse: A Case Study of Tonight I Wanna Cry



    With American cultures penetration into all over the world, A- merican country music becomes an indispensable part of people' s spiritual life gradually as one of the American popular cultures. This essay is going to analyze the song Tonight I Wanna Cry from the view of Functional Stylistics, from the aspects of global and local, aiming at exploring their language model, moti- vated prominence and how they effectively express their style sense.

  19. Fires, A Joint Professional Bulletin for US Field & Air Defense Artillerymen. May-June 08


    performance and to retain those exceptional individuals for successful careers. Theories of Motivation . In The Moti- vation to Work, Dr. Frederick Herzberg ...defines employee job satisfaction in his Motivation -Hygiene Theory . As Herz- berg explains, there are two sets of factors that influence job...Another motivational theory is the Expectancy Theory developed by Victor Vroom (Yale School of Management) in 1964. This theory has three main com

  20. Diferentes consumos y apropiaciones de los medios de comunicación en la diáspora: El caso de los latinoamericanos en Alemania

    Saucedo Añez, Patricia Carolina


    El presente trabajo analiza el consumo de medios de comunicación de inmigrantes latinoamericanos en Alemania. En este marco, se condujeron doce entrevistas cualitativas con inmigrantes latinoamericanos provenientes de diferentes países latinoamericanos residentes en distintos Estados Federados alemanes. Luego del análisis de las entrevistas se elaboraron cinco tipos ideales de consumidor de medios de comunicación en situación migratoria, considerando los medios consumidos y los moti...

  1. Integrating psychosocial safety climate in the JD-R model: A study amongst Malaysian workers

    Mohd A. Idris; Dollard, Maureen F.; Winefield, Anthony H.


    Orientation: Job characteristics are well accepted as sources of burnout and engagement amongst employees; psychosocial safety climate may precede work conditions.Research purpose: We expanded the Job Demands and Resources (JD-R) model by proposing psychosocial safety climate (PSC) as a precursor to job demands and job resources. As PSC theoretically influences the working environment, the study hypothesized that PSC has an impact on performance via both health erosion (i.e. burnout) and moti...

  2. A Meaner, More Callous Digital World for Youth? The Relationship Between Violent Digital Games, Motivation, Bullying and Civic Behavior amongst Children

    Ferguson, C J; Colwell, J


    The relationship between violent digital games and youth behavior remains contested in the scholarly literature. To date considerable scholarship has focused on university students with fewer studies of adolescents or children. The current study examines correlational relationships between violent game exposure and bullying behaviors, antisocial attitudes, civic attitudes and civic behaviors in a sample of 304 children from the United Kingdom (Mean age = 12.81). The paper also considered moti...

  3. Motivation-One of the Affective Factors and its Effect

    LIN Fang-hua


    Affective factors play a positive role in English study and motivation is the most important. Higher motivation predicts better second language acquisition. The types of motivation are mainly divided into two:extrinsic motivation and intrinsic moti-vation. Teachers should study their students as well as the teaching materials and then select scientific methods and make good use of them to reinforce their students' motivation.

  4. NERO a code for evaluation of nonlinear resonances in 4D symplectic mappings

    Todesco, Ezio; Giovannozzi, Massimo


    A code to evaluate the stability, the position and the width of nonlinear resonances in four-dimensional symplectic mappings is described. NERO is based on the computation of the resonant perturbative series through the use of Lie transformation implemented in the code ARES, and on the analysis of the resonant orbits of the interpolating Hamiltonian. The code is aimed at studying the nonlinear moti on of a charged particle moving in a circular accelerator under the influence of nonlinear forces.

  5. Dynamic Obstacle Avoidance for an Omnidirectional Mobile Robot

    Williams, Robert L.; Jianhua Wu


    We have established a novel method of obstacle-avoidance motion planning for mobile robots in dynamic environments, wherein the obstacles are moving with general velocities and accelerations, and their motion profiles are not preknown. A hybrid system is presented in which a global deliberate approach is applied to determine the motion in the desired path line (DPL), and a local reactive approach is used for moving obstacle avoidance. A machine vision system is required to sense obstacle moti...

  6. A Critical Review of High Entropy Alloys and Related Concepts (Postprint)


    Hardness is the most commonly measured property, but tribology [333e338] and adhesive wear resistance [123] are also reported. Properties under...metal CCAs are moti- vated by catalyst applications such as catalytic converters and water splitting, catalysts for fuel cell anodes, dental alloys...orthopedic surgery and dental appliances. As many as 18 elements are known to produce SMAs, giving opportunities for concentrated alloying. Other

  7. Detecting malicious activities with user-agent-based profiles


    Hypertext transfer protocol (HTTP) has become the main protocol to carry out malicious activities. Attackers typically use HTTP for communication with command-and-control servers, click fraud, phishing and other malicious activities, as they can easily hide among the large amount of benign HTTP traffic. The user-agent (UA) field in the HTTP header carries information on the application, operating system (OS), device, and so on, and adversaries fake UA strings as a way to evade detection. Moti...

  8. The design secret of kyokusui-no-en's meandering channel

    Tsubaki, Ryota; Nakayama, Yasuki; Fujita, Ichiro


    The purpose of this study is to investigate the characteristics of the flow through the Jonangu channel which is used for ceremonial game called as ‘Kyokusui-no-En' in Japanese. The geometry of the channel is measured, a visualization technique is used to measure the actual flow characteristics, and then a numerical flow model is used to represent the flow including unsteady flow characteristics. Numerical model of drifting cup is introduced to investigate an interaction between flow and moti...

  9. Corporate Visual Identity Systems origin

    Raposo, D.


    Este artigo trata de fazer um pequeno recorrido histórico sobre como a marca se converteu nos sistemas de identidade visual corporativa. Alguns dos principais projectos de identidade ajudam a entender quais as motivações que originaram a necessidade de organização dos sistemas de identidade. Abstract: This paper is a short path about how brands became Corporate Visual Identity Systems. Some of the biggest and emblematic corporate identity projects are helpful to understand which moti...

  10. Corporate Governance of Financial Institutions

    Mehran, Hamid; Mollineaux, Lindsay


    We identify the tension created by the dual demands of financial institutions to be value-maximizing entities that also serve the public interest. We highlight the importance of information in addressing the public’s desire for banks to be safe yet innovative. Regulators can choose several approaches to increase market discipline and information production. First, they can mandate information production outside of markets through increased regulatory disclosure. Second, they can directly moti...

  11. Charting a Path Toward a Sustainable ROK Space Program


    The National Space Committee appoints the Minister of MISP as a chairman, and vice- Minister of Strategy and Finance , Foreign Affairs, and MOTIE as...Plan,” Korea Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning, last modified December 10, 2013, 186. 7 expansion of infrastructure, financing and...important role to develop the ROK’s space capabilities. SI was separated from KAIST and commercialized in 2009 when KAIST was incorporated with SatReC

  12. Taxonomy of the subgenus Euleptarthrus Jakobson (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae, Osoriinae, Priochirus) of China with descriptions of three new species.

    Wu, Jie; Zhou, Hong-Zhang


    Three new species of subgenus Euleptarthrus Jakobson, 1908 of the genus Priochirus Sharp, 1887 are described from China: P. (E.) trifurcus Wu & Zhou sp. nov. from Xizang, P. (E.) deltodontus Wu & Zhou sp. nov. from Yunnan and P. (E.) curtidentatus Wu & Zhou sp. nov. from Xizang and Yunnan. Diagnoses are also given for two species previously described from China, P. (E.) chinensis Bernhauer, 1933 and P. (E.) subbrevicornis Bernhauer, 1934. An updated version of the key to all Chinese species of the subgenus Euleptarthrus is provided. Important morphological characters are illustrated.

  13. Research on the strategy and practice of the Boutique Inn architecture and landscape design in Minority Areas——Taking Xi Zhou Boutique Inn design in Dali Yunnan as an example%论少数民族地区精品酒店建筑及景观设计策略与实践研究——以云南大理喜洲精品酒店设计为例



    在体验经济时代下,越来越多的旅游消费人群在接受民族特色文化过程中更希望获得多重感官和情感的体验,而这些独具特色的少数民族文化正在成为各少数民族地区旅游开发的资源优势.位于云南省大理州的喜洲古城驰名中外,但是大理喜洲精品酒店设计的开发却滞后于旅游业的发展.在分析大理精品酒店建筑设计的迫切性的基础上,运用实际案例探讨极具地域性的少数民族地区大理喜洲精品酒店建筑设计和景观设计方面的问题,分析、设计、归纳了精品酒店设计中地域文化特征表达的方法,强调了地域文化、建筑文化或装饰文化的体现,通过别出心裁的独特设计,试图为精品酒店设计中如何创建一个系统的、充满地域文化体验性的特色提出清晰的思路,以赋予旅游消费群体深刻的体验之旅.%In the era of experience economy,more and more tourist consumer groups in the characteristics of the national culture in hope to obtain a multi sensory and emotional experience,and these unique minority culture is becoming of tourism development in the minority areas of resource advantages. Located in Dali Prefecture of Yunnan Province hi Delta city renowned at home and abroad,but the Dali hi Chau boutique hotel design development lags behind in the development of the tourism industry. In the analysis based on the urgency of the Dali boutique hotel architectural design,using actual case study very regional minority area Dali hi delta boutique hotel building design and landscape design,analysis,design,summarizes the expression of geographical and cultural characteristics of the boutique hotel design method,emphasizes the embodiment of regional culture,architectural culture or decoration culture,through unique design ingenuity to for Boutique Hotel Design in how to create a system,full of regional culture experience features clear ideas put forward in order to give the journey of profound experience of tourism consumer groups.

  14. 高职院校城镇规划专业学科发展及其教学模式研究——以杭州科技职业技术学院为例进行探讨%The Research on Subject-specific Development and Educational Model of Urban Planning on Higher Vocational College: The Discussion Based on HangZhou Polytechnic



    To take Hangzhou Polytechnic for instance. the subject-specific development and educational model of urban planning on higher vocational college in China were researched. Corresponding teaching reform program was proposed after that the localization of subject and taking the distinctive development way had been defined. Besides. the educational model which was suitable for the development of future urban planning major in higher vocational college was proposed based on teaching practices of author own.%该文以杭州科技职业技术学院为例对我国高等职业技术院校城镇规划专业的发展方向和教学模式进行了研究探讨,在明确专业定位、走特色化发展道路基础上提出了相应的教学改革方案,并通过自身教学实践提出了一套适宜未来高职院校城镇规划专业发展的教学模式.

  15. 边缘区域经济发展的K-均值聚类分析研究——以闽南金三角边缘地带漳州市为例%Study on the K-means Clustering Analysis of the Outlying Regional Economic Development——Taking Zhang Zhou, the Edge City of Hokkien Golden Triangle as an Example




  16. 把断裂的历史链条连接起来——《建国以来周恩来文稿》(1-3册)的史料价值拾粹%Linking up the Broken Historical Chains-An Excerption of Valuable Historical Materials from Zhou Enlai's Manuscripts Since the Founding of the PRC (vol. 1-3)




  17. 江苏省血吸虫病疫情监测与风险评估系统的研究Ⅲ扬州市沿江地区血吸虫病传播风险监测评估%Surveillance and risk assessment system of schistosomiasis in Jiangsu Prov-inceⅢRisk of schistosomiasis transmission in the area along the Yangtze River in Yang-zhou City

    左引萍; 张进; 孙乐平; 朱道建; 杜广林; 唐恺; 马玉才; 张正球; 陈韶洲; 王福彪; 汤洪萍


    目的:评估扬州市沿江地区血吸虫病传播的潜在风险,为江滩地区传播阻断后监测体系的构建提供依据。方法在扬州市沿江的广陵、邗江、江都、仪征和开发区5个区(市)开展水体血吸虫感染性、水上流动传染源、江滩保虫宿主和野粪污染情况调查,评估和分析江滩地区血吸虫病传播阻断后的潜在传播因素与风险特征。结果2015年,在扬州市沿江地区确定15个重点水域,共投放哨鼠1500只,饲养后总存活率为99.33%;解剖哨鼠1490只,未查到阳性哨鼠。共检查水上流动人员5576名,未查到粪检阳性病人;共检查家畜3566头(只),其中牛171头、羊1895只、猪1500头,未查到病畜。2016年1-3月在8块江滩共投放3200只鼠夹,在6块江滩捕获野鼠62只,野鼠捕获率为1.94%,未发现感染血吸虫的野鼠;在7块江滩检获新鲜野粪35份,其中牛粪11份、羊粪17份、狗粪2份、其他野粪5份,分别占31.43%、48.57%、5.71%和14.29%,对检获的野粪进行检测,未查出阳性野粪。结论扬州市沿江地区血吸虫病传播风险较低,但江滩放养的牛、羊等家畜粪便所致污染是疫情发生的重大隐患。%Objective To evaluate the potential risk of schistosomiasis transmission in the area along the Yangtze River in Yangzhou City,so as to provide evidences for establishing a post⁃transmission surveillance system for schistosomiasis in marsh⁃land regions. Methods The water infectivity,floating boatmen and fishermen infection,reservoir host infection and wild feces contamination were investigated in five districts/counties along the Yangtze River in Yangzhou City,including Guangling,Hanji⁃ang,Jiangdu,Yizheng and Development Zone,and the transmission factors and risky characteristics were assessed after inter⁃ruption of schistosomiasis transmission in marshland regions. Results A total of 15 key water regions were identified in the area along the Yangtze River in Yangzhou City in 2015. A total of 1 500 sentinel mice were placed,after breeding,their overall sur⁃vival rate was 99.33%;1 490 were dissected,with no schistosome infection. Of the 5 576 floating boatmen and fishermen exam⁃ined,no schistosome infection was observed,and among the 3 566 domestic animals(including 171 cattle,1 895 sheep and 1 500 pigs),no infections were detected. During the period between January and March,2016,there were 3 200 mouse traps placed on 8 marshlands,and 62 wild mice were captured from 6 marshlands,with a capture rate of 1.94%,and no schistosome⁃infected wild mice were seen. In addition,there were 35 pieces of fresh wild feces captured from 7 marshlands,including 11 pieces of bovine feces(31.43%),17 pieces of sheep feces(48.57%),2 pieces of dog feces(5.71%)and 5 pieces of other feces (14.29%),and no infections were detected. Conclusions There is a low risk of schistosomiasis transmission in the area along the Yangtze River in Yangzhou City. However,the contamination of feces from bovine and sheep that are freely pastured on marshlands is a big threat to schistosomiasis control.

  18. 论西周至春秋中晚期"士"的社会身份之发展演变--兼论《诗经》中士的生存状态%The Evolution of Social Status of "Bachelor"From the Western Zhou Dynasty to the mid- late Period of Spring and Autumn --On the Living Conditions of "Bachelor" in "the Book of Poetry"




  19. The effects of pharmacotherapy to reconvert non-dipper essential hypertensive patients circadian rhythm of blood pressure on plasma concentration of endothelin Zhou Wanxing1, Zhang Wei1,Wen Wei2, et al. 1. Department of Cardiology, 2. Department of Radi%药物干预恢复非杓型高血压患者血压昼夜节律对血浆内皮素的影响

    周万兴; 张卫; 文薇; 靳晨亭; 马虹


    目的探讨通过药物干预使非杓型高血压患者恢复杓型血压昼夜节律后对血浆内皮素(ET)的影响.方法 30例(年龄64.8岁±11.38岁,男22例,女8例)符合 WHO 1999年原发性高血压标准,并经动态血压检查定义为非杓型的高血压患者(非杓型组)随机分成两组,采用自身对照交叉试验法,在总剂量及药物种类(硝苯吡啶缓释片及依那普利)不变的前提下,通过调整用药时间加强夜间降压恢复杓型节律(a处理)或按常规的日间降压不恢复(或保持)杓型节律(b处理).第一阶段两组分别接受其中一种处理,第二阶段分别接受另一种处理.用放免法同步测定每一处理前后的夜间(2:00)、日间(8:00)血浆ET并复查动态血压.同期的健康体检者45例(健康对照组)以及21例同期住院的杓型高血压患者(杓型组)作为对照组.比较非杓型组血压昼夜节律恢复后前后ET的水平.结果与健康对照组比,非杓型高血压患者白天及夜间平均血压、ET均显著增高[分别为(97.93±11.67)mmHg vs (92.00±7.34)mmHg;P=0.017;(96.96±12.31)mmHg vs (77.82±6.35)mmHg;(85.25±26.97) pg/mL vs (59.32±27.61) pg/mL;(78.62±31.17) pg/mL vs (49.89±23.64)pg/mL;P均<0.01].血压恢复杓型后,夜间平均压及夜间ET显著下降(P<0.01),日间平均压及ET下降不显著.与杓型相比,非杓型组白天及夜间ET有增高趋势[分别为(85.25±26.97)pg/mL vs (73.22±35.97)pg/mL,(78.62±31.17)pg/mL vs (67.19±35.99)pg/mL],但统计学差异不明显(P分别为0.17、0.23),非杓型组治疗前后夜间ET/日间ET比值(Ue值)下降值与夜间平均压的下降值有正相关关系(两个阶段分别为:r=0.36,P<0.05;r=0.31,P<0.05).结论非杓型高血压患者夜间平均血压及ET明显增高,药物干预使其恢复杓型血压昼夜节律后能显著降低夜间平均血压及ET,从而降低全天的ET水平.

  20. 中国奢侈品消费趋势的危险信号及应对策略研究——中国市场学会品牌管理专业委员会常务副秘书长周云访谈录%Danger Signals of Consumer Trends in Purchasing Luxuries and Its Countermeasures-Interview with Zhou Yun, Deputy Secretary-General of Brand Management Committee of China



    @@ 记者:周老师您好.改革开放30多年,我国经济建设取得前所未有的大发展,奢侈品消费从无到有,目前已成为全球奢侈品消费成长速度最快的国家作为奢侈品消费研究专家,最近您提出应及时关注我国奢侈品消费发展趋势中存在的一些问题,具体有哪些?请您谈谈.

  1. 利用同墓葬出土泥芯、陶器示踪青铜器铸造地初探——以湖北襄樊部分东周墓为例%Primary exploration on tracing the sites of bronze casting through clay and pottery from the same tomb-illustrated by some East Zhou Dynasty tombs in Xiangfan,Hubei

    黄凰; 秦颍; 孙升; 王先福; 陈千万; 韩楚文; 陈明辉




    Tao Benzao


    In this paper, adjustment factors J and R put forward by professor Zhou Jiangwen are introduced and the nature of the adjustment factors and their role in evaluating adjustment structure is discussed and proved.

  3. 时文选读


    Chinese Woman to Attend Deaf US College. Zhou Ting-ting, China's first deaf college student, has been admitted by an American university on Friday to the school's masters programme in psychological consultation.

  4. Taking narcotics for back pain

    ... PA: Elsevier Mosby; 2014:chap 12. Zhou YL. Principles of pain management, In: Daroff RB, Fenichel GM, Jankovic J, Mazziotta JC, eds. Bradley's Neurology in Clinical Practice . 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2012:chap ...

  5. Hydromorphone overdose

    ... PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2007:chap 33. Zhou YL. Principles of pain management. In: Daroff RB, Fenichel GM, Jankovic J, Mazziotta JC, eds. Bradley's Neurology in Clinical Practice . 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2012:chap ...

  6. Clinical efficacy of radiotherapy combined with sodium glycididazole ...

    Purpose: To assess the clinical efficacy and side effects of radiotherapy combined with sodium glycididazole in ... effect in the treatment of recurrent oesophageal carcinoma than radiotherapy alone. Keywords: ..... Chen J, Zhou ZR. Research ...

  7. Central limit theorem of nonparametric estimate of spectral density functions of sample covariance matrices

    Pan, Guangming; Zhou, Wang


    A consistent kernel estimator of the limiting spectral distribution of general sample covariance matrices was introduced in Jing, Pan, Shao and Zhou (2010). The central limit theorem of the kernel estimator is proved in this paper.

  8. Chinese Economy to Continue to Grow Despite Pitfalls:Economists


    The Chinese economy will continue to maintain a rapid growth rate for a considerable period of time to come. predicted leading Chinese economists. These economists include Justin Lin, Zhang Weiying, YiGang, Zhou Qiren and Fan Gang.

  9. Women In Higher Education——Half a Century


    ZHOU Enru is a law professor at Chinese Women’s College. In 1978, she took part in the school’s reopening and renovation and then in 1995, she began collecting and compiling the school’s history.

  10. Shaibu and Watkins (3).cdr

    Timothy Ademakinwa

    are present in various natural, natural derived or artificial compounds such as pigment, dyes, catalysts etc. (Zhou et .... synthetic process for the preparation of the. Schiff bases is ... The colour of the product of the unsubstituted salicyaldehyde ...

  11. Niu et al., Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. (2013) 10(3):561-566 ...


    has a certain effect on colon cancer (Zhou et al., 2009). ... ultrasonically extracted three times with ethanol as the solvent, and with the extraction time of 20 min each, ultrasonic power .... and somatostatin on pan-creatic cansers in hamsters.

  12. Meeting Marks Publication of Memoirs on Ping-Pong Diplomacy


    <正>The year 2011 marked the 40th anniversary of the "Ping-Pong Diplomacy" that was a symbolicturning point in Sino-American relations. The late Chairman Mao Ze-dong, Premier Zhou Enlai and other Chinese



    The Marco Polo Beijing The Marco Polo Beijing was recently voted the best business hotel in China by business travelers and readers of International Business. Jane Zhou, Deputy General Manager, and Peter Chiu (third from left), General Manager of



    20151960 Cao Chongben(No.114 Geological Party,Guizhou Bureau of Geology and Mineral Exploration and Development,Zunyi563000,China);Zhou Shien Building and Significance of Karst Reservoir Structure Resistivity Model in Geophysical Water Exploration

  15. Type II Superlattice as Low-Temperature Peltier Refrigerator (4K-150K)


    Computer  Science   Faculty:     Prof.   Seda  Memik   Doctoral  Students:   Chuanle  Zhou,  Jieyi  Long,  Yang  Tang...Chuanle  Zhou,   Seda  Ogrenci  Memik,  M.  Grayson,  "IOTA:  Towards   an  integrated  on-­‐chip  thermocouple  array

  16. Editorial Statement


    @@ At the request of Dr. Hideharu AKIYOSHI of the National Institute for Environmental Studies (NIES) of Japan and with the apology of Dr. ZHOU Libo for his misconduct, we hereby announce that the paper of "Middle-High Latitude N2O Distributions Related to the Arctic Vortex Breakup", authored by ZHOU Libo,ZOU Han, and GAO Yongqi, be retracted from Volume 23, No. 2, March 2006 of Advances in Atmospheric Sciences (AAS) on page number 215-223.

  17. Role of ERalpha-ERRalpha Heterodimers in Tamoxifen-Resistant Breast Cancers


    Willy, I.R. Murray, J. Qian, B.B. Busch, W.C. Stevens Jr., R. Martin, R. Mohan, S. Zhou, P. Ordentlich, P. Wei, D.W. Sapp , R.A. Horlick, R.A. Heyman, I.G...Sci. USA 101 (2004) 8912–8917. [42] B.B. Busch, W.C. Stevens Jr., R. Martin, P. Ordentlich, S. Zhou, D.W. Sapp , R.A. Horlick, R. Mohan

  18. Olympic Maps Available


    Beijing is publishing a set of Olympic maps covering everything from the location of sporting venues to the city’s history As soon as Zhou Liyi hopped off the train from Shanghai to Beijing, he hurried to Wangfujing Xinhua Book Store,one of the largest of its kind in Beijing,to buy an Olympic map. Zhou is a Shanghai resident who came to Beijing on business and plans to return as a

  19. Proceedings of the Annual RAND-China Reform Forum Conference (6th) Held in Beijing, China on August 28-29, 2003


    indirect controls of money supply through deposit reserve requirements, rediscounts, open market operations and interest rates, and direct controls...times the initial deposit. Zhou, 1993, p. 54. 75 Another conventional tool is open market operations . In 1993, the PBC began experiments with such...of treasury bills was too small to accommodate open market operations without causing large swings in interest rates [Cheng, 1999, p. 14; Zhou

  20. New Treatments for Drug-Resistant Epilepsy that Target Presynaptic Transmitter Release


    I partner in synaptic vesicle endocytosis. Nat Neurosci. 2006 Jun;9(6):752-60. [97] Bailey CP, Nicholls RE, Zhang XL, Zhou ZY, Muller W, Kandel ER...Neuroimage 2004; 22: 1014–21. Bailey CP, Nicholls RE, Zhang XL, Zhou ZY, Muller W, Kandel ER, et al. Galpha(i2) inhibition of adenylate cyclase...seizure discharges, and spreading depression. J Neurophysiol 2000; 83: 3519–24. Zakharenko SS, Patterson SL, Dragatsis I, Zeitlin SO, Siegelbaum SA, Kandel

  1. tRNAs as Therapeutic Agents of Breast Cancer


    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 427 (2012) 148–153Contents lists available at SciVerse ScienceDirect Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications that modifications of the anticodon of tRNASer will D.-h. Zhou et al. / Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 427 (2012) 148–153...standard deviations are derived from three independent transfections. 150 D.-h. Zhou et al. /

  2. China Report, Political, Sociological and Military Affairs


    archery , charioteering, writing and mathematics, the six arts. The "six arts" were the curriculum of Western Zhou’s government science. Western Zhou...ruling class and control the people, and certain military skills ( archery and charioteering), in order to wage war and suppress the masses...of specific texts for archery , charioteering, writing and mathematics in the "Analects." 74 According to one delegate, Confucius’ curriculum

  3. Solutions of the Extended Future Tube Conjecture and Related Problems

    Zhou Xiangyu


    @@ The project is a fundamental research in the field of several complex variables, which is one of the core and forefront subjects in pure mathematics. It is carried out by Prof. Zhou Xiangyu (Xiang-Yu Zhou), a mathematician who has long been working on this profound and popular subject. Despite the intensive competition from other outstanding mathematicians, he found his own way and achieved a series of important results which are well recognized by the mathematical community.

  4. 周原遗址云塘、齐镇建筑基址碳十四年代研究%A Study of the 14C Dates of the Building-foundations at Yuntang and Qizhen within the Zhouyuan Site

    张雪莲; 仇士华


    Using the radiocarbon dating method of serial samples, the authors analyzed the date of the Western Zhou building-foundations revealed at Yuntang and Qizhen within the Zhouyuan site, Fufeng County, Shaanxi. The results indicate that serial samples with clear relative stratigraphical location, on the basis of the reliability of 14C dates, can provide more reliable chronological evidence. It can be believed that the building-foundations under discussion must go back to the early stage of the late Western Zhou period.

  5. Dynamic Decision Making under Uncertainty and Partial Information


    IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control . Under review, available at review, 2013. 5. F. Ye and E. Zhou. Optimal stopping of partially observable markov processes: A filtering-based duality approach. IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control , vol...55(1):101–124, 2013. 8. E. Zhou, M.C. Fu, and S. I. Marcus. A particle filtering framework for randomized optimization algorithms. IEEE Transactions on Automatic

  6. Application of SELDI protein chip technique in medical field%SELDI蛋白质芯片技术在医学领域中的应用

    梁林; 战丽; 韩威; 张永亮


    2002年诺贝尔化学奖获得者田中耕一于1993年提出了表面增强激光解析电离光谱技术(Smrface-enhanced laser desorption ionization spectrometry,SELDI)的基本原理。同年,美国的Bill Hutchens和’蹦Yung Yip提出了改良的表面增强激光解析电离飞行时间质谱(Surface-enhanced laser desorption ionization time of flight mass stectrometry , SELDI - TOF - MS)。

  7. Selections From Kung-Jen JIH-PAO (Source Span: 9 May-30 June 1961) Number 7 -Communist China.


    T1NG IRON SMELTER ... 45 "NANKING CHINA CEMENT FLAN» AND «FING- HSIANG STEEL MILL« OPERATE GOOD MESS HALLS ,...;..>;.....»»5...worker I Shih- chuan , (J§ &*%) a** strengthen the confidence cf mass worders in their studyT Yung-hsin Electric Appliance Factory invited various...wrought iron will present a prosperous picture. 10,010 r - 46 - «NANKING’ CHEU’CEMENT PLANT" AND ">»ING- HSIANG STEEL’’MILL» ’ OPERATE dooD Mtiss

  8. Clinical analysis of contributors to the delayed gallbladder opacification following the use of water-soluble contrast medium

    Ku MC; Kok VC; Lee MY; Hsu SM; Lee PY; Chang CW; Tyan YS; Juan CW


    Ming-Chang Ku,1,2 Victor C Kok,3,4 Ming-Yung Lee,5 Soa-Min Hsu,1 Pei-Yu Lee,1 Che-Wei Chang,1 Yeu-Sheng Tyan,6 Chi-Wen Juan7,8 1Department of Radiology, Kuang Tien General Hospital, Taichung, 2Department of Nursing, Jen-Teh Junior College of Medicine, Nursing and Management, Miaoli, 3Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Medical Oncology, Kuang Tien General Hospital, 4Department of Bioinformatics and Medical Engineering, Asia University, 5Department of Statistics and Informatics Scien...

  9. AGU membership applications

    Applications for membership have been received from the following individuals. The letter after the name denotes the proposed primary section affiliation.Henry D. I. Abarbanel (O), Julia C. Allen (H), Gwendolyn L. Anson (GP), Andrew Bakun (O), C. A. Bengtson (T), Patricia A. Berge (S), Peter R. Betzer (O), Pierre Boivin (V), Michael V. Capobianco (P), Martin C. Chapman (S), Chu-Yung Chen (V), Timothy J. Clarke (S), Steven C. Constable (GP), Michele Dermer (H), G. M. Dow (T), Carl E. Draper (G), Dean A. Dunn (O), I. B. Everingham (S).

  10. International Symposium on Organosilicon Chemistry (8th) Held in St. Louis Missouri on 7-12 June 1987.


    22 P.O. Box 101 69191 Saint-Fons Cedex, France Fushun, Sichuan People’s Republic of China Jorge Cervantes Facultad de Quimica Yung-Lin Chen...Chemistry Alessandro Degl’Innocenti Northern Illinois University Centro C.N.R. Composti Eterociclici DeKalb, Illinois 60115 Dipartimento di Chimica Organica ...8217 ’qt’ ff" ’ ’ ’’or Alfredo Ricci James Rozell Dipartimento de Chimica Organica Department of Chemistry University of Florence University of Texas Via

  11. Effect of Teaching Behavior on Study Motivation in Generative Teaching

    黄玉梅; 薛小莹


    Teaching behavior plays a vital role in students’study and has a great effect on their academic achievement.Study moti-vation is one of key essentials for students to focus themselves on their study. As a teacher,how to arouse students ’motivation and inspire students to study actively is a critical teaching behavior.How to change default teaching into generative teaching is al-so one of necessary teaching behaviors in English teaching.This paper will illustrate what measures should be taken and what prin-ciples should be followed in generative teaching.

  12. Army Sustainment. Volume 43, Issue 2. March-April 2011


    day. Similar improve ments at the Fort Lewis , Washington, rail and logis tics facility have pro- vided a capability to deploy 240 railcars per day...joint base lewis -MccHord, wasHinGton. He is a national institute for autoMotiVe serVice excellence certified tecHnician witH a Vocational...of Ramo’s thought can be traced back to the intellectual mood at the turn of the 20th century among Social Darwinists like Wil- liam Graham Sumner

  13. Cachivaches para merendar: web radiofónica sobre ciencia y psicología

    Gozalo Arenal, María


    Cachivaches para merendar es un programa radiofónico de una hora y cuarto de duración dedicado a las ciencias experimentales y la psicología. Este se estructura en 4 secciones fijas, un boletín de noticias y un de bate o mesa redonda que gira siempre en torno a un tema central planteado al inicio, generalmente relacionado con la actualidad. De las 4 secciones fijas, el presente Trabajo Fin de Grado ha moti vado la realización de tres de ellas a través de la grabación y p...

  14. POWERLINK 扩大驱动范围


    国际知名电机制造商Baldor公司最近研发的新一代高性能三相交流驱动器将继续基于POWERLINK的智能驱动技术来制造。电机制造上扩展了MotiFlex e100驱动器系列,加入了三个新的版本,其连续额定电流范围为21.5~33.5A。

  15. Consumer Motivation On Internet Shopping An Exploratory Study on Consumer Motivation of Online Shopping in Thailand

    Ghogar, Vandhana


    The growth of B2C shopping has soared massively over the last few years in Thailand. Although B2C has created an immense amount of new opportunities for Thai companies and businesses, questions still arise about why consumers are motivated to use the Internet as a medium to shop over conventional shopping. Due to the rapid increase in online stores, competition has also risen remarkably. Therefore it is imperative for all online businesses in Thailand to have an understanding of consumer moti...

  16. Biomaterial arrays with defined adhesion ligand densities and matrix stiffness identify distinct phenotypes for tumorigenic and nontumorigenic human mesenchymal cell types

    Hansen, Tyler D.; Koepsel, Justin T.; Le, Ngoc Nhi; Nguyen, Eric H.; Zorn, Stefan; Parlato, Matthew; Loveland, Samuel G.; Schwartz, Michael P.; Murphy, William L.


    Here, we aimed to investigate migration of a model tumor cell line (HT-1080 fibrosarcoma cells, HT-1080s) using synthetic biomaterials to systematically vary peptide ligand density and substrate stiffness. A range of substrate elastic moduli were investigated by using poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) hydrogel arrays (0.34 - 17 kPa) and self-assembled monolayer (SAM) arrays (~0.1-1 GPa), while cell adhesion was tuned by varying the presentation of Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD)-containing peptides. HT-1080 moti...

  17. La aditividad de los valores de preferencia de los colores: una prueba experimental sobre la validez del teorema de la adición de la teoría de la decisión para valores estéticos

    Koning, Robert


    En comparación con otros dominios de la psicología general, la psicología de la motivación esta menos desarrollada, tanto desde el punto de vista de los resultados experimentales como desde el punto de vista de los modelos formales satisfactorios. Dentro del marco de la teoría de la decisión, se han desarrollado algunos modelos formales cerrados, para el concepto de la utilidad y de los valores, y con ello, para conductas preferenciales, muy escasos dentro de las investigaciones sobre la moti...

  18. Minä säveltäjänä : Luomisprosessin analysointi

    Hannula, Ilari


    Opinnäytetyössäni analysoin omaa sävellysprosessiani ja suhtautumistani säveltämiseen. Tarkastelen kolmea jazzvaikutteista kappaletta, jotka olen säveltänyt sooloprojektilleni. Kappaleet ovat nimeltään Tibetan Dreaming, Sacred Mountain ja Through the Veil of Pale Moonlight. Analysoin kappaleiden syntytarinaa, sävellys- ja sovitusprosessin tyylikeinoja sekä äänitysprosessia. Käsittelen lisäksi omaa suhtautumistani säveltämiseen yleisellä tasolla: miksi säveltäjä säveltää ja mitkä hänen moti...

  19. Avian artificial insemination and semen preservation

    Gee, G.F.; Risser, Arthur C.; Todd, Frank S.


    Summary: Artificial insemination is a practical propagation tool that has been successful with a variety of birds. Cooperative, massage, and electroejaculation and modifications of these three basic methods of semen collection are described for a variety of birds. Semen color and consistency and sperm number, moti!ity, and morphology, as discussed, are useful indicators of semen quality, but the most reliable test of semen quality is the production of fertile eggs. Successful cryogenic preservation of avian semen with DMSO or glycerol as the cryoprotectant has been possible. Although the methods for preservation require special equipment, use of frozen semen requires only simple insemination supplies

  20. Clima organizacional del personal de enfermería en el Hospital General Docente Ambato período julio 2014 - julio 2015

    Palate Mera, Carmen Consuelo


    Es el clima organizacional un factor decisivo en el desarrollo de las instituciones, efectivamente, pues el mismo dependerá del profesionalismo, compromiso, motivación de sus involucrados; frente a esto al tratar de definir, que clima organizacional es el que se desarrolla en servicio de Pediatría del Hospital General Docente Ambato, se determinó al mismo, como el resultado de la percepción directa o indirecta del personal respecto al ambiente de trabajo que incluye, estilo de liderazgo, moti...

  1. An elementary survey of celestial mechanics

    Ryabov, Y


    An accessible exposition of gravitation theory and celestial mechanics, this classic, oft-cited work was written by a distinguished Soviet astronomer. It explains with exceptional clarity the methods used by physicists in studying celestial phenomena.A historical introduction explains the Ptolemaic view of planetary motion and its displacement by the studies of Copernicus, Kepler, and Newton. Succeeding chapters examine the making of celestial observations and measurements and explain such central concepts as the ecliptic, the orbital plane, the two- and three-body problems, and perturbed moti

  2. Computer Program Development Specification Terminal-to-Host Protocol (THP). Revision 2.


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  3. PREFACE: XIV International Conference on Calorimetry in High Energy Physics

    Wang, Yifang


    The International Conferences on Calorimetry in High Energy Physics (also known as the Calor Conference series, started in October 1990 at Fermilab) address all aspects of calorimetric particle detection and measurement, with an emphasis on high energy physics experiments. The XIV International Conference on Calorimetry in High Energy Physics (Calor 2010) was held at the campus of the Institute of High Energy Physics, Beijing, China, from May 10-14, 2010. This conference brought together more than 110 participants from 20 countries, including senior scientists and young physicists. During the five days of the conference, 98 presentations were given in seven plenary sessions. The attendees had in-depth discussions on the latest developments and innovations in calorimetry, including the exciting new LHC results. From the presentations, 83 papers were published in this proceedings. The success of the conference was due to the participants' enthusiasm and the excellent talks given by the speakers, and to the conveners for organizing the individual sessions. We would like to thank the International Advisory Committee for giving us the opportunity to host this Conference in Beijing. Finally we would like to thank all the people involved in the organization of the Conference, who have provided valuable local support. Yifang WangChair of Local Organizing Committee International Advisory Committee M DanilovITEP Moscow M DiemozINFN Roma I A EreditatoBern F L FabbriINFN Frascati T KobayashiICEPP Tokyo M LivanPavia University & INFN P LubranoINFN Perugia S MagillANL Argonne A MaioLIPP Lisbon H OberlackMPI Munich A ParaFermilab R WigmansTTU Lubbock R YoshidaANL Argonne R ZhuCaltech Local Organizing Committee Y WangIHEP (Chair) Y GaoTshinghua University T HuIHEP (Scientific secretary) C LiUSTC W LiIHEP J LuIHEP P WangIHEP T XuIHEP L ZhouIHEP Session Conveners 1) Materials and detectors - Junguang Lu (IHEP), Francesca Nessi (CERN) 2) Algorithm and simulation - Nural Akchurin

  4. Superstring limit of Yang-Mills theories

    Lechtenfeld, Olaf; Popov, Alexander D.


    It was pointed out by Shifman and Yung that the critical superstring on X10 =R4 ×Y6, where Y6 is the resolved conifold, appears as an effective theory for a U(2) Yang-Mills-Higgs system with four fundamental Higgs scalars defined on Σ2 ×R2, where Σ2 is a two-dimensional Lorentzian manifold. Their Yang-Mills model supports semilocal vortices on R2 ⊂Σ2 ×R2 with a moduli space X10. When the moduli of slowly moving thin vortices depend on the coordinates of Σ2, the vortex strings can be identified with critical fundamental strings. We show that similar results can be obtained for the low-energy limit of pure Yang-Mills theory on Σ2 × Tp2, where Tp2 is a two-dimensional torus with a puncture p. The solitonic vortices of Shifman and Yung then get replaced by flat connections. Various ten-dimensional superstring target spaces can be obtained as moduli spaces of flat connections on Tp2, depending on the choice of the gauge group. The full Green-Schwarz sigma model requires extending the gauge group to a supergroup and augmenting the action with a topological term.

  5. RETRACTED: Role of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitors in radiation nephropathy.

    Zhou, Tian-Biao; Li, Hong-Yan; Jiang, Zong-Pei; Zhou, Jia-Fan; Huang, Miao-Fang; Zhou, Zhi-Yang


    The following article has been included in a multiple retraction: Tian-Biao Zhou, Hong-Yan Li, Zong-Pei Jiang, Jia-Fan Zhou, Miao-Fang Huang and Zhi-Yang Zhou Role of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitors in radiation nephropathy Journal of Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System ( JRAAS) 1470320314563424, first published 18 December 2014. DOI: 10.1177/1470320314563424 . This article has been retracted at the request of the Editors and the Publisher. After conducting a thorough investigation, SAGE found that the submitting authors of a number of papers published in the JRAAS (listed below) had supplied fabricated contact details for their nominated reviewers. The Editors accepted these papers based on the reports supplied by the individuals using these fake reviewer email accounts. After concluding that the peer-review process was therefore seriously compromised, SAGE and the journal Editors have decided to retract all affected articles. Online-first articles (these articles will not be published in an issue) Wenzhuang Tang, Tian-Biao Zhou and Zongpei Jiang Association of the angiotensinogen M235T gene polymorphism with risk of diabetes mellitus developing into diabetic nephropathy JRAAS 1470320314563426, first published 18 December 2014. DOI: 10.1177/1470320314563426 . Tian-Biao Zhou, Hong-Yan Li, Zong-Pei Jiang, Jia-Fan Zhou, Miao-Fang Huang and Zhi-Yang Zhou Role of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitors in radiation nephropathy JRAAS 1470320314563424, first published 18 December 2014. DOI: 10.1177/1470320314563424 . Weiqiang Zhong, Zongpei Jiang and Tian-Biao Zhou Association between the ACE I/D gene polymorphism and T2DN susceptibility: The risk of T2DM developing into T2DN in the Asian population JRAAS1470320314566019, first published 26 January 2015. DOI: 10.1177/1470320314566019 . Tian-Biao Zhou, Xue-Feng Guo, Zongpei Jiang and Hong-Yan Li Relationship between the ACE I/D gene polymorphism and T1DN susceptibility/risk of T1DM developing into

  6. An analytical model and parametric study of electrical contact resistance in proton exchange membrane fuel cells

    Wu, Zhiliang; Wang, Shuxin; Zhang, Lianhong; Hu, S. Jack

    This paper presents an analytical model of the electrical contact resistance between the carbon paper gas diffusion layers (GDLs) and the graphite bipolar plates (BPPs) in a proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell. The model is developed based on the classical statistical contact theory for a PEM fuel cell, using the same probability distributions of the GDL structure and BPP surface profile as previously described in Wu et al. [Z. Wu, Y. Zhou, G. Lin, S. Wang, S.J. Hu, J. Power Sources 182 (2008) 265-269] and Zhou et al. [Y. Zhou, G. Lin, A.J. Shih, S.J. Hu, J. Power Sources 163 (2007) 777-783]. Results show that estimates of the contact resistance compare favorably with experimental data by Zhou et al. [Y. Zhou, G. Lin, A.J. Shih, S.J. Hu, J. Power Sources 163 (2007) 777-783]. Factors affecting the contact behavior are systematically studied using the analytical model, including the material properties of the two contact bodies and factors arising from the manufacturing processes. The transverse Young's modulus of chopped carbon fibers in the GDL and the surface profile of the BPP are found to be significant to the contact resistance. The factor study also sheds light on the manufacturing requirements of carbon fiber GDLs for a better contact performance in PEM fuel cells.

  7. An analytical model and parametric study of electrical contact resistance in proton exchange membrane fuel cells

    Wu, Zhiliang; Wang, Shuxin; Zhang, Lianhong [School of Mechanical Engineering, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072 (China); Hu, S. Jack [Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2125 (United States)


    This paper presents an analytical model of the electrical contact resistance between the carbon paper gas diffusion layers (GDLs) and the graphite bipolar plates (BPPs) in a proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell. The model is developed based on the classical statistical contact theory for a PEM fuel cell, using the same probability distributions of the GDL structure and BPP surface profile as previously described in Wu et al. [Z. Wu, Y. Zhou, G. Lin, S. Wang, S.J. Hu, J. Power Sources 182 (2008) 265-269] and Zhou et al. [Y. Zhou, G. Lin, A.J. Shih, S.J. Hu, J. Power Sources 163 (2007) 777-783]. Results show that estimates of the contact resistance compare favorably with experimental data by Zhou et al. [Y. Zhou, G. Lin, A.J. Shih, S.J. Hu, J. Power Sources 163 (2007) 777-783]. Factors affecting the contact behavior are systematically studied using the analytical model, including the material properties of the two contact bodies and factors arising from the manufacturing processes. The transverse Young's modulus of chopped carbon fibers in the GDL and the surface profile of the BPP are found to be significant to the contact resistance. The factor study also sheds light on the manufacturing requirements of carbon fiber GDLs for a better contact performance in PEM fuel cells. (author)

  8. 三代年代学研究的新突破%New Breakthroughs in the Chronological Study of the Three Dynasties



    Through four years of efforts, the "Xia-Shang-Zhou Chronology Project" has got new breakthroughs in the chronological study. For example, the conventional :4C-dating of the serial carbon samples from the pre-dynastic Zhou—initial Western Zhou—early Western Zhou--mid Western Zhou strata of the Feng-Hao site shows that Zhou King Wu Wang's conquering the Shang dynasty was within the limits of 1050--1020 BC; the carbon samples from Tomb 8 of the Jin Marquis graveyard are 14C-dated to 808 -+ 8 BC; the five lunar eclipses recorded in oracle inscriptions of the bin group, according to astronomers' calculation carried out with palaeographers' participation, indicate that Wu Ding's reign can be dated to 1250—1192 BC, corresponding to the results of 14C-dating for the Wu Ding period. The establishment of Xia, Shang and Zhou chronological framework will play an important role in the advance of Chinese chronological study and the development of related disciplines.

  9. Labour Contract Law: Maintaining Social Justice in the game of Labor and Capital——A Special Interview with Yueping Zhou,one of the top 100 professional lawyers in national construction industry and the director of Co-effort Law Firm in Shangha%《劳动合同法》:在劳资博弈中维护社会公平——首届全国建设领域百名优秀专业律师、上海市协力律师事务所主任周月萍专访




  10. To give prominence to the VTE characteristic and to choose the way of running a school by integrating learning, studying and practice——the exploration on the mode of self-running industry by Su Zhou A-griculture Vocational and Technical College%突出职教特色走产学研一体化办学之路——苏州农业职业技术学院校办产业模式的实践探索

    石丽敏; 叶琦



  11. Archaeological Discoveries in the People’s Republic of China and Their Contribution to the Understanding of Chinese History

    Xingcan Chen


    Full Text Available More than eight decades ago, the distinguished Chinese scholar Hu Shi (1891–1962 wrote an essay titled ‘My Views on Ancient History’, in which he said: My outlook regarding ancient history is, for the present, we should shorten the study of ancient history by two or three thousand years, and start our researches from the Book of Odes. When archaeology has become well developed, then we can slowly extend [our understanding of ancient history before the Eastern Zhou dynasty, using excavated historical evidence. Today, over eighty years later, Chinese history before the Eastern Zhou dynasty has been steadily reconstructed, step by step, from archaeological discoveries, without which, even the well-recognized deserved brilliance of ancient history, since the Eastern Zhou dynasty, would be dimmed.

  12. Abstracts and Key Words of Major Articles


    A Psychological Interpretation of Zhou Zuoren's Surrender to Japan YUAN Liang-jun(Institute of Literature of China Academy of Social Science, Beijing, 100732) Abstract: As far as Zhou Zuoren was concerned, the decade beginning with the publication in 1935 of Qin Kui and Yue Fei and ending with the Japanese announcement of unconditional surrender in August 1945 was an abyss of spiritual misery. Despite his complete knowledge of his surrender to Japan as a road of no return allowing no comeback once embarked on, he failed to refuse temptations and slid into the abyss step by step. It should be acknowledged that he suffered from a complicated state of mind during the ten years of misery. Key words: Zhou Zuoren; surrender to Japan; state of mind; a supervisor's state of mind; a prisoner's state of mind

  13. An algorithm for encryption of secret images into meaningful images

    Kanso, A.; Ghebleh, M.


    Image encryption algorithms typically transform a plain image into a noise-like cipher image, whose appearance is an indication of encrypted content. Bao and Zhou [Image encryption: Generating visually meaningful encrypted images, Information Sciences 324, 2015] propose encrypting the plain image into a visually meaningful cover image. This improves security by masking existence of encrypted content. Following their approach, we propose a lossless visually meaningful image encryption scheme which improves Bao and Zhou's algorithm by making the encrypted content, i.e. distortions to the cover image, more difficult to detect. Empirical results are presented to show high quality of the resulting images and high security of the proposed algorithm. Competence of the proposed scheme is further demonstrated by means of comparison with Bao and Zhou's scheme.

  14. A Painter for Women


    HUANG Shaohua paints traditionally. All of her subjects are females under the background of rural scenery. Her remarkable painting skills reflect an objective aesthetic stand.Her paintings combine traditional folk art with scholar-style modern Chinese painting. After graduating from the art school at Anhui Normal University in 1981, Huang Shaohua, a painter of the Anhui school, stayed there to teach. Zhou Sicong, a wellknown Chinese painter, became Huang’s mentor in 1994. When Zhou died he left words evaluating Huang’s work.

  15. Nematic Liquids in Weak Capillary Poiseuille Flow: Structure Scaling Laws and Effective Conductivity Implications


    6ErN) (1 + s0 − 2s20 −B1 Er)ErD 2 , C1 = B3 − 2C3 sinh(Er 1/2D) 2 sinh(Er1/2F ) . This result for Poiseuille flow is qualitatively similar to Couette ...nematic flows ,” Physical Review A 34 (4), 3393-3404 (1986). [3] Cui, Z., Forest, M.G., Wang, Q., and Zhou, H., “On weak plane Couette and Poiseuille ...Zhou, H. and Forest, M. G., “Anchoring distortions coupled with plane Couette & Poiseuille flows of nematic polymers in viscous solvents: morphology

  16. China's Standpoint at G20


    @@ One the fourth and fifth day this month,Chinese Finance Minister Xie Xuren and the governor of People's Bank of China Zhou Xiaochuan led a Chinese delegation to participate in the meeting of the G20 finance ministers and central bank governors held in Bushan,the Republic of Korea.At the meeting they exchanged views about the current macroeconomic situation,the framework for strong,sustainable and balanced growth,financial supervision and regulation,and the reform of international financial institutions with leaders from other parties.Xie and Zhou also expressed Chinese standpoint at the meeting.

  17. 请君入瓮(英文)


    In order to suppress those who were against her, Wu Zetian, the empress of the Tang Dynasty (618-907), appointed a few merciless persons to be judges. Two of them were extremely brutal; one was called Zhou Xing and the other was called Lai Junchen. They killed many upright civil and military officials as well as ordinary people by framing up cases against tham and by administering inhuman corporal punishment to them.Once, Wu Zetian received a letter which informed against Zhou Xing. The letter aside that Zh...

  18. Eyes Abroad


    China International Fair for Investment & Trade helps push Chinese companies’ overseas ambitions A bustle of Chinese businesspeople roams the vast exhibition hall of the China International Fair for Investment & Trade(CIFIT) looking for opportunities to build cross-border scale. Among them is Zhou Meimei,Business Development Manager of the Shanghai Yiyang Electric Machinery Co. Ltd.,a manufacturer of mufflers and ventilation equipment. Although this was her first time attending the fair,Zhou did not go home empty-handed.

  19. A Provably Secure Asynchronous Proactive RSA Scheme

    ZHANG Rui-shan; LI Qiang; CHEN Ke-fei


    The drawback of the first asynchronous proactive RSA scheme presented by Zhou in 2001, is that the se curity definition and security proof do not follow the approach of provable security. This paper presented a provably secure asynchronous proactive RSA scheme, which includes three protocols: initial key distribution protocol,signature generation protocol and share refreshing protocol. Taken these protocols together, a complete provably secure proactive RSA scheme was obtained. And the efficiency of the scheme is approximate to that of the scheme of Zhou.

  20. 谈三件宋瓷盏珍品



    Without parallel either in history or in future the black porcelain in Song dynasty reached In its climax in tecbnulogy, style, and mond. The Jian Yang kiln in Fu Jian province and the Ji Zhou kiln in Jiang Xi Province are tv, ro well-known kilns in black porcelain prodoction. The black wares from Jian Yang kiln are sedate, simple and elegant. The black wares from Ji Zhou kiln are decorated with designs out of paper cutting, dignified and graceful In this Ihesis. the author centers on three treasures of black bowls and gives us some ideas about black porcelain.

  1. Novel and Efficient Synthesis of the Promising Drug Candidate Discodermolide


    supported in part by this award: Ph.D. SUNY Stony Brook: Zhou Zhou Ph.D. SUNY Stony Brook: Peng Wang Ph.D. SUNY Stony Brook: Qiu- zhe Xie Ph.D. SUNY...Stolarzewicz Ph.D. SUNY Stony Brook: Pei Wang Continuing in the PhD program at SUNY Stony Brook Junyong Lee Hee Nam Lim Daniel C. Elliot Matthew E...IBS) in Waltham, MA. Intelligent Biosystems is a biotech company that is focused on efficient gene sequencing. Peng Wang is employed by Ren

  2. Further Reform Depends on Role of Entrepreneurs



    Mao Yushi is a well known economist, academic, and speaker on Chinese macro-economic issues. His ideas on entrepreneurship, morality, and the law in China’s economic system has garnered him national recognition, while at the same time earning him a reputation as being someone who "speaks his mind". To commemorate the 30th anniversary of China’s reform and opening-up to the outside world, our reporter Zhou Limin sat down with Zhou to discuss his thoughts on China’s economic progress, problems, and prospects going forward.

  3. RETRACTED: Association between the ACE I/D gene polymorphism and T2DN susceptibility: The risk of T2DM developing into T2DN in the Asian population.

    Zhong, Weiqiang; Jiang, Zongpei; Zhou, Tian-Biao


    This article has been included in a multiple retraction: Weiqiang Zhong, Zongpei Jiang, and Tian-Biao Zhou Association between the ACE I/D gene polymorphism and T2DN susceptibility: The risk of T2DM developing into T2DN in the Asian population Journal of Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System 1470320314566019, first published on January 26, 2015 doi: 10.1177/1470320314566019 This article has been retracted at the request of the Editors and the Publisher. After conducting a thorough investigation, SAGE found that the submitting authors of a number of papers published in the Journal of the Renin-Angiotensin Aldosterone System ( JRAAS) (listed below) had supplied fabricated contact details for their nominated reviewers. The Editors accepted these papers based on the reports supplied by the individuals using these fake reviewer email accounts. After concluding that the peer review process was therefore seriously compromised, SAGE and the journal Editors have decided to retract all affected articles. Online First articles (these articles will not be published in an issue) Wenzhuang Tang, Tian-Biao Zhou, and Zongpei Jiang Association of the angiotensinogen M235T gene polymorphism with risk of diabetes mellitus developing into diabetic nephropathy Journal of Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System 1470320314563426, first published on December 18, 2014 doi: 10.1177/1470320314563426 Tian-Biao Zhou, Hong-Yan Li, Zong-Pei Jiang, Jia-Fan Zhou, Miao-Fang Huang, and Zhi-Yang Zhou Role of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitors in radiation nephropathy Journal of Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System 1470320314563424, first published on December 18, 2014 doi: 10.1177/1470320314563424 Weiqiang Zhong, Zongpei Jiang, and Tian-Biao Zhou Association between the ACE I/D gene polymorphism and T2DN susceptibility: The risk of T2DM developing into T2DN in the Asian population Journal of Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System 1470320314566019, first published on January 26, 2015 doi: 10

  4. RETRACTED: Relationship between the ACE I/D gene polymorphism and T1DN susceptibility/risk of T1DM developing into T1DN in the Caucasian population.

    Zhou, Tian-Biao; Guo, Xue-Feng; Jiang, Zongpei; Li, Hong-Yan


    The following article has been included in a multiple retraction: Tian-Biao Zhou, Xue-Feng Guo, Zongpei Jiang, and Hong-Yan Li Relationship between the ACE I/D gene polymorphism and T1DN susceptibility/risk of T1DM developing into T1DN in the Caucasian population Journal of Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System 1470320314563425, first published on February 1, 2015 doi: 10.1177/1470320314563425 This article has been retracted at the request of the Editors and the Publisher. After conducting a thorough investigation, SAGE found that the submitting authors of a number of papers published in the Journal of the Renin-Angiotensin Aldosterone System ( JRAAS) (listed below) had supplied fabricated contact details for their nominated reviewers. The Editors accepted these papers based on the reports supplied by the individuals using these fake reviewer email accounts. After concluding that the peer review process was therefore seriously compromised, SAGE and the journal Editors have decided to retract all affected articles. Online First articles (these articles will not be published in an issue) Wenzhuang Tang, Tian-Biao Zhou, and Zongpei Jiang Association of the angiotensinogen M235T gene polymorphism with risk of diabetes mellitus developing into diabetic nephropathy Journal of Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System 1470320314563426, first published on December 18, 2014 doi: 10.1177/1470320314563426 Tian-Biao Zhou, Hong-Yan Li, Zong-Pei Jiang, Jia-Fan Zhou, Miao-Fang Huang, and Zhi-Yang Zhou Role of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitors in radiation nephropathy Journal of Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System 1470320314563424, first published on December 18, 2014 doi: 10.1177/1470320314563424 Weiqiang Zhong, Zongpei Jiang, and Tian-Biao Zhou Association between the ACE I/D gene polymorphism and T2DN susceptibility: The risk of T2DM developing into T2DN in the Asian population Journal of Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System 1470320314566019, first published on January

  5. RETRACTED: Association of the ACE I/D gene polymorphism with sepsis susceptibility and sepsis progression.

    Yang, Chun-Hua; Zhou, Tian-Biao


    This article has been included in a multiple retraction: Chun-Hua Yang and Tian-Biao Zhou Association of the ACE I/D gene polymorphism with sepsis susceptibility and sepsis progression Journal of Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System 1470320314568521, first published on February 3, 2015 doi: 10.1177/1470320314568521 This article has been retracted at the request of the Editors and the Publisher. After conducting a thorough investigation, SAGE found that the submitting authors of a number of papers published in the Journal of the Renin-Angiotensin Aldosterone System ( JRAAS) (listed below) had supplied fabricated contact details for their nominated reviewers. The Editors accepted these papers based on the reports supplied by the individuals using these fake reviewer email accounts. After concluding that the peer review process was therefore seriously compromised, SAGE and the journal Editors have decided to retract all affected articles. Online First articles (these articles will not be published in an issue) Wenzhuang Tang, Tian-Biao Zhou, and Zongpei Jiang Association of the angiotensinogen M235T gene polymorphism with risk of diabetes mellitus developing into diabetic nephropathy Journal of Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System 1470320314563426, first published on December 18, 2014 doi: 10.1177/1470320314563426 Tian-Biao Zhou, Hong-Yan Li, Zong-Pei Jiang, Jia-Fan Zhou, Miao-Fang Huang, and Zhi-Yang Zhou Role of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitors in radiation nephropathy Journal of Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System 1470320314563424, first published on December 18, 2014 doi: 10.1177/1470320314563424 Weiqiang Zhong, Zongpei Jiang, and Tian-Biao Zhou Association between the ACE I/D gene polymorphism and T2DN susceptibility: The risk of T2DM developing into T2DN in the Asian population Journal of Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System 1470320314566019, first published on January 26, 2015 doi: 10.1177/1470320314566019 Tian-Biao Zhou, Xue-Feng Guo, Zongpei

  6. RETRACTED: Relationship between the angiotensinogen A1166C gene polymorphism and the risk of diabetes mellitus developing into diabetic nephropathy.

    Yang, Chun-Hua; Zhou, Tian-Biao


    This article has been included in a multiple retraction: Chun-Hua Yang and Tian-Biao Zhou Relationship between the angiotensinogen A1166C gene polymorphism and the risk of diabetes mellitus developing into diabetic nephropathy Journal of Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System 1470320314566221, first published on February 1, 2015 doi: 10.1177/1470320314566221 This article has been retracted at the request of the Editors and the Publisher. After conducting a thorough investigation, SAGE found that the submitting authors of a number of papers published in the Journal of the Renin-Angiotensin Aldosterone System ( JRAAS) (listed below) had supplied fabricated contact details for their nominated reviewers. The Editors accepted these papers based on the reports supplied by the individuals using these fake reviewer email accounts. After concluding that the peer review process was therefore seriously compromised, SAGE and the journal Editors have decided to retract all affected articles. Online First articles (these articles will not be published in an issue) Wenzhuang Tang, Tian-Biao Zhou, and Zongpei Jiang Association of the angiotensinogen M235T gene polymorphism with risk of diabetes mellitus developing into diabetic nephropathy Journal of Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System 1470320314563426, first published on December 18, 2014 doi: 10.1177/1470320314563426 Tian-Biao Zhou, Hong-Yan Li, Zong-Pei Jiang, Jia-Fan Zhou, Miao-Fang Huang, and Zhi-Yang Zhou Role of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitors in radiation nephropathy Journal of Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System 1470320314563424, first published on December 18, 2014 doi: 10.1177/1470320314563424 Weiqiang Zhong, Zongpei Jiang, and Tian-Biao Zhou Association between the ACE I/D gene polymorphism and T2DN susceptibility: The risk of T2DM developing into T2DN in the Asian population Journal of Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System 1470320314566019, first published on January 26, 2015 doi: 10

  7. RETRACTED: Association of the angiotensinogen M235T gene polymorphism with risk of diabetes mellitus developing into diabetic nephropathy.

    Tang, Wenzhuang; Zhou, Tian-Biao; Jiang, Zongpei


    This article has been included in a multiple retraction: Wenzhuang Tang, Tian-Biao Zhou, and Zongpei Jiang Association of the angiotensinogen M235T gene polymorphism with risk of diabetes mellitus developing into diabetic nephropathy Journal of Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System 1470320314563426, first published on December 18, 2014 doi: 10.1177/1470320314563426 This article has been retracted at the request of the Editors and the Publisher. After conducting a thorough investigation, SAGE found that the submitting authors of a number of papers published in the Journal of the Renin-Angiotensin Aldosterone System ( JRAAS) (listed below) had supplied fabricated contact details for their nominated reviewers. The Editors accepted these papers based on the reports supplied by the individuals using these fake reviewer email accounts. After concluding that the peer review process was therefore seriously compromised, SAGE and the journal Editors have decided to retract all affected articles. Online First articles (these articles will not be published in an issue) Wenzhuang Tang, Tian-Biao Zhou, and Zongpei Jiang Association of the angiotensinogen M235T gene polymorphism with risk of diabetes mellitus developing into diabetic nephropathy Journal of Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System 1470320314563426, first published on December 18, 2014 doi: 10.1177/1470320314563426 Tian-Biao Zhou, Hong-Yan Li, Zong-Pei Jiang, Jia-Fan Zhou, Miao-Fang Huang, and Zhi-Yang Zhou Role of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitors in radiation nephropathy Journal of Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System 1470320314563424, first published on December 18, 2014 doi: 10.1177/1470320314563424 Weiqiang Zhong, Zongpei Jiang, and Tian-Biao Zhou Association between the ACE I/D gene polymorphism and T2DN susceptibility: The risk of T2DM developing into T2DN in the Asian population Journal of Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System 1470320314566019, first published on January 26, 2015 doi: 10

  8. Laboratory studies on the reactions between chlorine, sulfur dioxide, and oxygen - Implications for the Venus stratosphere

    Demore, W.B.; Leu, M.T.; Smith, R.H.; Yung, Y.L.


    Fourier transform IR spectrophotometry is used to monitor the reactants and products in a Venus stratosphere simulation study involving the photolysis of mixtures of Cl/sub 2/ and SO/sub 2/, with and without O/sub 2/ present in an atmosphere of N/sub 2/. When several speculative reactions inferred from these experiments are incorporated by the Yung and DeMore (1982) model of Venus stratospheric chemistry, it emerges that SO/sub 2/Cl/sub 2/ is a key reservoir species for chlorine, and that the reaction between Cl and SO/sub 2/ furnishes an important cycle for the destruction of O/sub 2/ and the conversion of SO/sub 2/ to H/sub 2/SO/sub 4/, thereby providing a possible solution to the photochemistry of the Venus stratosphere. 17 references.

  9. Recovery of weak factor loadings when adding the mean structure in confirmatory factor analysis: A simulation study

    Carmen eXiménez


    Full Text Available This article extends previous research on the recovery of weak factor loadings in confirmatory factor analysis by exploring the effects of adding the mean structure. This issue has not been examined in previous research. This study is based on the framework of Yung and Bentler (1999 and aims to examine the conditions that affect the recovery of weak factor loadings when the model includes the mean structure, compared to analyzing the covariance structure alone. A simulation study was conducted in which several constraints were defined for one-, two-, and three-factor models. Results show that adding the mean structure improves the recovery of weak factor loadings and reduces the asymptotic variances for the factor loadings, particularly for the models with a smaller number of factors and a small sample size. Therefore, under certain circumstances, modeling the means should be seriously considered for covariance models containing weak factor loadings.

  10. 心理督导对康复病人心理免疫的作用%Effect of psychological supervision on psychological immunity in rehabilitating patients


    @@Background:The development of root of tooth lasted for 3~ 5 years after eruption.Pulpitis and apical periodontitis may contribute to the development stasis of root of tooth,and impair the masticatory function.In order to improve the development of root of tooth and root apiex formation ,the induced formation of cement in root of tooth by drugs was very important in clinic. Objective:To investigate the effect of ultra- short wave combined with antibiotics in the induction of root apiex and functional recovery of affected teeth.Design:Yung adults with Pulpitis and apical periodontitis were randomly divided into two groups,study group(41 teeth) and control group(20 teeth).All patients recepted the routine root canal preparation.3- year X- ray follow- up was performed after treatment.

  11. On the Security of Black-Box Implementation of Visual Secret Sharing Schemes

    Adrian Atanasiu


    Full Text Available Cryptographic software and devices give users the ability to take advantage of the benefits of cryptography more easily. However, this implies that the users must totally trust the manufacturer and the authenticity of the device or software they use. Young and Yung were the first to question the correctness of the manufacturer and considered the advantage that a malicious implementation could offer to a specific attacker. In this paper, we consider a modified version of two visual secret sharing schemes and the advantage that they provide to the attacker in order to reconstruct the secret by himself, while the other participants must fulfill the honest scheme reconstruction conditions. We also analyze the security of the proposed mechanisms and the conditions in which they can be applicable.

  12. Exact observability, square functions and spectral theory

    Haak, Bernhard Hermann


    In the first part of this article we introduce the notion of a backward-forward conditioning (BFC) system that generalises the notion of zero-class admissibiliy introduced in [Xu,Liu,Yung]. We can show that unless the spectum contains a halfplane, the BFC property occurs only in siutations where the underlying semigroup extends to a group. In a second part we present a sufficient condition for exact observability in Banach spaces that is designed for infinite-dimensional output spaces and general strongly continuous semigroups. To obtain this we make use of certain weighted square function estimates. Specialising to the Hilbert space situation we obtain a result for contraction semigroups without an analyticity condition on the semigroup.

  13. Comparative genomics of Cluster O mycobacteriophages.

    Steven G Cresawn

    Full Text Available Mycobacteriophages--viruses of mycobacterial hosts--are genetically diverse but morphologically are all classified in the Caudovirales with double-stranded DNA and tails. We describe here a group of five closely related mycobacteriophages--Corndog, Catdawg, Dylan, Firecracker, and YungJamal--designated as Cluster O with long flexible tails but with unusual prolate capsids. Proteomic analysis of phage Corndog particles, Catdawg particles, and Corndog-infected cells confirms expression of half of the predicted gene products and indicates a non-canonical mechanism for translation of the Corndog tape measure protein. Bioinformatic analysis identifies 8-9 strongly predicted SigA promoters and all five Cluster O genomes contain more than 30 copies of a 17 bp repeat sequence with dyad symmetry located throughout the genomes. Comparison of the Cluster O phages provides insights into phage genome evolution including the processes of gene flux by horizontal genetic exchange.

  14. Introgression of Shoot Fly (Atherigona soccata L. Moench) Resistance QTLs into Elite Post-rainy Season Sorghum Varieties Using Marker Assisted Backcrossing (MABC).

    Gorthy, Sunita; Narasu, Lakshmi; Gaddameedi, Anil; Sharma, Hari C; Kotla, Anuradha; Deshpande, Santosh P; Are, Ashok K


    Shoot fly (Atherigona soccata L. Moench) is a serious pest in sorghum production. Management of shoot fly using insecticides is expensive and environmentally un-safe. Developing host-plant resistance is the best method to manage shoot fly infestation. Number of component traits contribute for imparting shoot fly resistance in sorghum and molecular markers have been reported which were closely linked to QTLs controlling these component traits. In this study, three QTLs associated with shoot fly resistance were introgressed into elite cultivars Parbhani Moti (= SPV1411) and ICSB29004 using marker assisted backcrossing (MABC). Crosses were made between recurrent parents and the QTL donors viz., J2658, J2614, and J2714. The F1s after confirmation for QTL presence were backcrossed to recurrent parents and the resultant lines after two backcrosses were selfed thrice for advancement. The foreground selection was carried out in F1 and BCnF1 generations with 22 polymorphic markers. Forty-three evenly distributed simple sequence repeat markers in the sorghum genome were used in background selection to identify plants with higher recurrent parent genome recovery. By using two backcrosses and four rounds of selfing, six BC2F4 progenies were selected for ICSB29004 × J2658, five BC2F4 progenies were selected for ICSB29004 × J2714 and six BC2F4 progenies were selected for Parbhani Moti × J2614 crosses. Phenotyping of these lines led to the identification of two resistant lines for each QTL region present on chromosome SBI-01, SBI-07 and SBI-10 in ICSB 29004 and Parbhani Moti. All the introgression lines (ILs) showed better shoot fly resistance than the recurrent parents and their agronomic performance was the same or better than the recurrent parents. Further, the ILs had medium plant height, desirable maturity with high yield potential which makes them better candidates for commercialization. In the present study, MABC has successfully improved the shoot fly resistance in

  15. [Results of school children with enterobiasis in Tainan city, treated with mebendazole].

    Chang, J H; Huang, W H; Chen, E R; Hu, S C


    There were 2,471 school children suffering from enterobiasis in six primary schools of Tainan city. The infected children in five primary schools, Po-Ai, Yung-Hua, Fu-Hsiao, Pao-Jeng and Hsin-Nan, were treated with one single dosage of 100 mg mebendazole. In Shih-Men primary school, the sixth, the students were given placebos as a control group. Negative conversion rates of infected children were examined after three weeks of chemotherapy and school children in the six primary schools were surveyed for enterobiasis two months after chemotherapy to obtain infection rates. The method of examination was two consecutive-day adhesive cellophane perianal swabs. With the purpose of evaluating the efficiency of treatment, positive reduction rates were used and calculated according to the infection rates of school children gained before and after chemotherapy. Those rates in Pao-Jeng, Fu-Hsiao, Yung-Hua, Po-Ai and Hsin-Nan were 62.1%, 47.8%, 41.8%, 37.1% and 3.3%, respectively, and in Shih-Men 3.9%. Judging the data obtained from each grade or each class of schools showed that the efficacy of chemotherapy in reducing the rate of infection was variable. Hence, one single dose of mebendazole and education on personal hygiene were not sufficient to reduce the prevalence of enterobiasis in primary schools. This was because the cycle of E. vermicularis was relatively short, cutting out the routes of transmission was very difficult, and the factors involved were very complex. Overall, though the positive reduction rate presented in Hsin-Nan primary school showed nearly no success in reducing the infection, the other four schools showed valuable rates. Whether continue a treatment, of about three-months in duration, can inhibit the prevalence of enterobiasis among children in primary schools or not will need further study.



    Liu Diren, Xie Weibiao, Yin Qiuli and Zhou Liyan. Study on the Influence of induction logging response on tool eccentricity in horizontal well. Jiang Yiqing, Xu Lin, Wang Jianmin and Du Hui. Simulation of time spectrum by oxygen activation logging.Zhang Jiawei, Song Gongpu, Sai Fang, Xue Zhibo. Design of simulator based on NMR downhole tools.



    Zhang Xionghui, You Chang, Tang Jie, Zhou Qizhi, Xu Feng, Li Ganghan and Ma Yan. Development of a series of logging tool long-time working under high temperature and high pressure condition. PI, 2012,26 (3) : 1-3

  18. Mutual Help Between Deaf and Blind


    IN September of 1996, Zhou Tingting, a 16-year-old deaf girl, entered Liaoning Normal University to study in the Special Education Department. There she met another freshman, Wang Zheng, whose eyesight was so poor that she could barely see anything. To cope with the various

  19. An Analysis of Love and Marriage in Modern China


    The monthly magazine Chinese Women has hosted a discussion on "How would you spend your enriched days?" The discussion, which lasted seven months, focused on the situation of love and marriage in modern China. Dr. Zhou Guoping, a well-known philosopher, wrote a conclusion for the discussion.

  20. Common Ground foSino-Japanese Tie


    The upcoming Beijing-Tokyo Forum, to be held on October 23-25 in Beijing, is expected to lead public opinion and inject positive energy into China-Japan relations, said Zhou Hingwei, President of China International Publishing Group (CIPG)-the Chinese organizer of this annual event-in an interview with CIPG media outlets including Beijing Review. Excerpts follow:

  1. Porphyrin-Embedded Silicate Materials for Detection of Hydrocarbon Solvents


    are naturally occurring in petroleum products . The individual compounds are also used in a range of manufacturing and production processes. The BTEX...478-483. 17. Ueno, Y.; Tate, A.; Niwa, O.; Zhou, H.-S.; Yamada, T.; Honma, I. High benzene selectivity of mesoporous silicate for BTX gas sensing



    <正>20090432 Zhou Shuqing (School of Energy Resources, China University of Geosciences Beijing 100083, China); Huang Haiping Stable Isotopic Records vs. Important Events in Life Evolution and the Concurrent Environment (Geological Review, ISSN0371-5736, CN11-1952, 54(2), 2008, p.225-231, 3 illus., 1 table, 77 refs.)



    <正>20081140 Cheng Peng(State Key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology,Institute of Earth Environment,CAS,Xi’an 710075,China);Zhou Weijian Advances in Radiocarbon Dating Researches in the Loess-Paleosol Sequences(Marine Geology & Quaternary Geology,ISSN0256-1492,CN37-

  4. SCO:Mutual Trust,Mutual Cooperation


    On October 15,after the one-day session of the eighth annual prime ministers’meeting of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization(SCO)member states in Beijing had drawn to a close,Beijing Review reporter Zhou Jianxiong spoke with Pakistani Prime Minister Syed Yousaf Raza Gilani on SCO-related issues.

  5. Implicit-shifted Symmetric QR Singular Value Decomposition of 3x3 Matrices


    Graph 33, 4, 138:1– 138:11. TREFETHEN, L. N., AND BAU III, D. 1997. Numerical linear algebra , vol. 50. Siam. XU, H., SIN, F., ZHU, Y., AND BARBIČ, J...matrices with minimal branching and elementary floating point operations. Tech. rep., University of Wisconsin- Madison. SAITO, S., ZHOU, Z.-Y., AND

  6. new polythiophenes with oligo(oxyethylene) side chains


    KEY WORDS: Purification of exhaust gas, Pt Rh Pd/γ-Al2O3 catalyst, Transition metals ... catalyst for NOx conversion, and the order of the activity of catalysts are Pt-Mo/γ-Al2O3 >Pt- ..... Yan, H.J.; Yang, J.Y.; Zhou, D.Z. J. Natural Gas Chem.


    ZhangHongqiang; LiuKaiyu


    This paper is concerned with a delay discrete-time system arising as a discrete-time network of two neurons with McCulloch-Pitts nonlinearity. We obtain the asymptotic behaviors of the solutions of the system for some cases.The results obtained improve and extend the corresponding results established recently by Zhou, Yu and Huang [1].

  8. Qinghai 100 Billion Yuan Lithium Industry Base Has Initially Taken Shape


    "Up till now,upstream R&D; enterprises of Qinghai Salt Lake lithium industry have made a number of breakthroughs,mid-to downstream industries and upstream industry accomplished connection,the industry has initially taken shape."On September 10,Zhou Weixing,Deputy Director-general of Qinghai Provincial

  9. TMFunction data: 77 [TMFunction[Archive

    Full Text Available AH uptake (%) Transport measurements ... OAT3_HUMAN (Q8TCC7) Helix ... transmembrane domain; substrate; transport activity; methyl group; hydroxyl ... sapiens Human Hong M, Zhou F, You G. J Biol Chem. 2004 Jul 23;279(30):31478-82 Alanine scanning 100% [14C]P

  10. Notes on Cordulegaster Leach, and Neallogaster Cowley, from China, and the identity of Anotogaster annandalei Fraser (Insecta: Odonata: Anisoptera: Cordulegastridae)

    Pelt, van G.J.


    A translation of the Chinese description of a female of Neallogaster annandalei (Fraser, 1923), by Zhou (1988) is given and compared with the original description of Anotogaster annandalei. It is concluded that this species should be included in the genus Cordulegaster. A translation of the original

  11. Feasibility Study Contract Signed for Underground Gas Storage in Beijing


    @@ On December 22, 2005, CNPC and Gazprom signed the feasibility study service contract on constructing the underground gas storage in Ren 11 reservoir of CNPC's Renqiu Oilfield. According to the contract terms, Gazprom will provide feasibility study services on the construction of the gas storage for CNPC. CNPC Vice President Zhou Jiping attended the signing ceremony held in Beijing.

  12. Education and Social Selection in Ancient China: Semantics, Conceptual Transformation and Social Change

    Wu, Meiyao


    This paper investigates the transformation in the Zhou dynasty China (1046-256 BC) of the concept of education in relation to the process of social selection, which concerns the distribution both of knowledge and of social ranks. An approach in terms of historical semantics, mainly influenced by Luhmannian sociological theory with some reference…

  13. Discovery AP2/ERF family genes in silico in Medicago truncatula


    Medicago truncatula is a legume model plant due to its small genome and it has been used to study the molecular ... To investigate the roles of AP2/EREBP in M. truncatula, ..... Zhuang J, Chen JM, Yao QH, Xiong F, Sun CC, Zhou XR, Zhang J,.

  14. CNPC, Alberta Ink Deal to Boost Cooperation

    WANG Keyu


    @@ At the invitation of the Provincial Government of Alberta, Canada, a petroleum delegation led by Vice President of China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC) Zhou Yongkang arrived in Calgary, a petroleum city in Canada, on June 8,1996 for a one-week visit.

  15. Corporatisation: A Workable Approach to Corporate Governance in China's state-Owned Commercial Banks?


    In the first of a four-part series, Jingwei Li and ZhongfeiZhou present their views on the major issues involved insystems of corporate governance in China' s state-ownedcommercial banks. This month, they examine some basicprinciples and explain the legislation already in place.

  16. Reference: 438 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Full Text Available ity and drought tolerance in Arabidopsis thaliana. 18 6902-12 16943431 2006 Sep Molecular and cellular bio...logy Chen Zhizhong|Gong Zhizhong|Hong Xuhui|Jablonowski Daniel|Ren Xiaozhi|Schaffrath Raffael|Zhang Hairong|Zhou Xiaofeng|Zhu Jian-Kang

  17. Hydropower Development Programming in China


    In the light of the speech delivered by Mr.Zhou Dabing,Deputy Manager General of China National Electric Power Corporation,on its hosted “Hydropower Developing Seminar”, during the national “10th Fivc-ynar Plan” and the “Farsight Program to 2015”, the installed capacity of hydropower shall be up to 75GW by 2000,

  18. 75 FR 6473 - Primary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Nitrogen Dioxide


    ...., 2001; Rodes and Holland, 1981; Roorda-Knape et al., 1998; Singer et al., 2004; Zhou and Levy, 2007... al., 2008; Clements et al., 2008; Gilbert et al. 2003; Rodes and Holland, 1981; Singer et al., 2004...., 1998; Singer et al., 2004). This range of concentration gradients has implications for revising the...

  19. My Family



    There are four people in my family. They are grandma, father,mother and I. Now we all live in Wuhan. They are from different places. My grandma comes from Sichuan. She likes hot(辣4的) meat very much. She doesn't like bread or noodles at all. She likes vegetables a little. My father is from Guang Zhou.

  20. China: Domestic Change and Foreign Policy.


    leaders such as Sun Yat- sen , Chiang Kai-shek, Mao Zedong, Zhou Enlai, and Deng Xiaoping have exerted an inordinately high level of influence over the...Group Wang Jun Chairman, CITIC He Jingzhi son-in-law Acting Cultural Minister Xi Zhongxun Xi Jinping son Secretary, Fuzhou City CPC Com- mittee Xi