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Sample records for zhang jijun luo

  1. Luo Shu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Albert Ting Pat So

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Feng Shui, still popularly practiced today, was closely related to philosophy, natural science, geography, environmental science, architecture, metaphysics, and astrology in ancient China. It is basically divided into the Form School and the Compass School. The latter deals with numerology, calculation, orientation, and time. Luo Shu [洛書], associated with the eight trigrams [八卦], being an ancient Chinese magic square, forms the foundation of the Compass School. The original Luo Shu, a 3 × 3 magic square, was not unique in ancient China but the extension of it to a total of 18 to 36 standard charts was unique, which are still used by all Compass School Feng Shui masters. In this article, modern linear algebra, developed only in the mid-19th century, is employed to prove that there is a strong coherence between the 36 charts if they are treated as 36 matrices and such correspondences conscientiously agree with ancient theories of Feng Shui. This article may help to form a scientific base for the systematic understanding, development, and further research of Luo Shu–related applications.

  2. w zhang

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science. W ZHANG. Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 41 Issue 2 April 2018 pp 51. Effect of oxygen vacancies on Li-storage of anatase TiO 2 (001) facets: a first principles study · H CHEN Y H DING X Q TANG W ZHANG J R YIN P ZHANG Y JIANG · More Details ...

  3. p zhang

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science. P ZHANG. Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 41 Issue 2 April 2018 pp 51. Effect of oxygen vacancies on Li-storage of anatase TiO 2 (001) facets: a first principles study · H CHEN Y H DING X Q TANG W ZHANG J R YIN P ZHANG Y JIANG · More Details ...

  4. zhang xiurong

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science. ZHANG XIURONG. Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 41 Issue 2 April 2018 pp 48. Structures and electronic properties of W m Cu n ( n + m ≤ 7 ) clusters · YU ZHICHENG ZHANG XIURONG HUO PEIYING GAO KUN · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF.

  5. Ping Zhang

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science. PING ZHANG. Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 36 Issue 6 November 2013 pp 1073-1077. Intrinsic structure and friction properties of graphene and graphene oxide nanosheets studied by scanning probe microscopy · Yan-Huai Ding Hu-Ming Ren Fei-Hu ...

  6. dujuan zhang

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science. DUJUAN ZHANG. Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 41 Issue 2 April 2018 pp 59. In vitro bioactivity evaluation of α -calcium sulphate hemihydrate and bioactive glass composites for their potential use in bone regeneration · YANYAN ZHENG CHENGDONG ...

  7. Jaber: Reflections on a Luo Aesthetic Expression | Pido | Thought ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    As a common expression, the Luo word jaber seems to be ordinary or even casual, yet it is a capsule of profound ideas within the context of Luo aesthetics. Jaber literally means “a person of beauty”: it is often used to describe females who have exceptional physical qualities that make them outstandingly attractive and ...

  8. Zhang functions and various models

    CERN Document Server

    Zhang, Yunong

    2015-01-01

    This book focuses on solving different types of time-varying problems. It presents various Zhang dynamics (ZD) models by defining various Zhang functions (ZFs) in real and complex domains. It then provides theoretical analyses of such ZD models and illustrates their results. It also uses simulations to substantiate their efficacy and show the feasibility of the presented ZD approach (i.e., different ZFs leading to different ZD models), which is further applied to the repetitive motion planning (RMP) of redundant robots, showing its application potential.

  9. "Pipa Fairy Maiden" Zhang Hongyan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1995-01-01

    WHEN Zhang Hongyan plays the completely traditional Chinese musical instrument, the pipa, she is called a "pipa fairy maiden" by her audiences, "the pipa queen with outstanding talent and appearance" by the Hong Kong press and "a national flower of the Women Philharmonic Orchestra" in Singapore. Having completed her master’s degree program at the folk music department of the Central Conservatory of Music. Zhang is continuing there as a teacher. On the unforgettable night of June 9, 1992, Zhang Hongyan presented her first solo concerto concert at the Beijing Concert Hall, in cooperation with the celebrated Central Philharmonic Orchestra based in Beijing and its famous conductor Hu Yongyan. This concert made her the first folk musical instrument player to present a special concerto concert in cooperation with a Western style orchestra. It is the result of many years of effort. Zhang was born in Shengxian County, Zhejiang Province, famous as the home of Yue Opera. Her father is a musician with a Yue Opera

  10. Entomophagy among the Luo of Kenya: a potential mineral source?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Dirk L; Orech, Francis O; Mungai, Michael N

    2006-01-01

    Primary objective To determine the iron, zinc, and calcium content in different insects commonly eaten among the Luo of Kenya. Research design A cross-sectional design was chosen for the study in order to determine the insects eaten and their mineral content during a specific season...

  11. Ramogi Dance and Luo Cultural Values | Odwar | Humanities ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Specifically the study describes the dance performance with a view to analyze the dance vocabulary so as to provide an interpretation of how the dance movements enact the Luo cultural values. This study is based on personal interview with two Ramogi performers and my observation of the dance performance during ...

  12. Zhang Qing and His Meticulous Chinese Paintings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JULIE; M.SEGRAVES

    2002-01-01

    ZHANG Qing was initially drawn to the bird and flower paint-ings of the Tang and Song dynasties (7th-12th centuries). Later,Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) artist Ren Bonian, famous for hispaintings of figures, also became an important influence.Although Zhang Qing considers his style to be firmly rooted in tradi-

  13. 6. O Pido Jaber, A Luo Aesthetic Expression pp103-122

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    REGINALDS

    it is a capsule of profound ideas within the context of Luo aesthetics. ... The Luo people are Nilotic-speakers who live in Western Kenya around Lake Victoria .... Even when two bulls do not want to fight, they will be induced to do so. Bulls ..... say, “Your eyes are as eyes of fish in fresh water”; this expression discreetly speaks.

  14. Entomophagy among the Luo of Kenya: a potential mineral source?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christensen, Dirk L; Orech, Francis O; Mungai, Michael N; Larsen, Torben; Friis, Henrik; Aagaard-Hansen, Jens

    2006-01-01

    Primary objective To determine the iron, zinc, and calcium content in different insects commonly eaten among the Luo of Kenya. Research design A cross-sectional design was chosen for the study in order to determine the insects eaten and their mineral content during a specific season.Methods and procedures Five different insect species were identified and collected with the help of local informants in the Nyang'oma sublocation of the Bondo district in western Kenya, and were analysed for iron, zinc and calcium contents. Main outcomes and results The iron content ranged from 18 to 1562 mg/100 g dry matter, the zinc content from 8 to 25 mg/100 g, and the calcium content from 33 to 341 mg/100 g in five different insects, onyoso mammon (ant), oyala (termite), ogawo (termite), agaor (termite), onjiri mammon (cricket). Conclusions Insect eating could prove to be a valuable measure to combat, especially, iron and zinc deficiency in developing countries.

  15. Twist of Magnetic Fields in Solar Active Regions Hongqi Zhang ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    tribpo

    in active regions also shows the butterfly pattern through the solar cycle. And, less than 30% of the active regions do not follow the general trend (Zhang & Bao 1998). The longitudinal distribution of current helicity parameter h|| of active regions in both the hemispheres in the last decade was presented by Zhang & Bao ...

  16. Further investigations on a question of Zhang and Lü

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abhijit Banerjee

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available In the paper taking the question of Zhang and Lü [15] into background, wepresent one theorem which will improve and extend results of Banerjee-Majumdar [2] and arecent result of Li-Huang [9].

  17. On soliton solutions of the Wu-Zhang system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Inc Mustafa

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, the extended tanh and hirota methods are used to construct soliton solutions for the WuZhang (WZ system. Singular solitary wave, periodic and multi soliton solutions of the WZ system are obtained.

  18. Mortal Ancestors, Immortal Images: Zhang Dai’s Biographical Portraits

    OpenAIRE

    Duncan M. Campbell

    2012-01-01

    Towards the end of his long life, the prolific late-Ming historian and essayist Zhang Dai 張岱 (1597-?1684) completed a book that he had been working on for many years. Entitled Portraits of the Eminent and Worthy Immortals of Zhejiang During the Ming Dynasty (You Ming yuyue san bu xiu tuzan 有明於越三不朽名賢圖贊) the book included the short biographies (with poetic panegyrics) and portraits of 109 men and women of Zhang Dai’s hometown of Shaoxing, one of the epicentres of China’s élite cultural life. Th...

  19. Mortal Ancestors, Immortal Images: Zhang Dai’s Biographical Portraits

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Duncan M. Campbell

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Towards the end of his long life, the prolific late-Ming historian and essayist Zhang Dai 張岱 (1597-?1684 completed a book that he had been working on for many years. Entitled Portraits of the Eminent and Worthy Immortals of Zhejiang During the Ming Dynasty (You Ming yuyue san bu xiu tuzan 有明於越三不朽名賢圖贊 the book included the short biographies (with poetic panegyrics and portraits of 109 men and women of Zhang Dai’s hometown of Shaoxing, one of the epicentres of China’s élite cultural life. The book was organised according to the “Three Immortalities of Life”: moral force, meritorious service, and wise words. Zhang also included a number of his own friends and family members in this collection. This paper discusses aspects the relationship between text and image in this late-imperial Chinese work, both in the context of Zhang Dai’s practice as a biographer who had a strong visual sense and in regard to his particular historical plight as someone who had survived the collapse of one dynasty and who had lived on under its successor regime.

  20. Relational demography in coach-athlete dyads | Zhang | African ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This study used an adapted version of Zhang's (2004) trust questionnaire to examine perceived characteristic and trust differences between coach and athlete dyads that differ in gender or ethnicity as well as in dyads that were similar. The four different gender dyad groups were male athlete with male coach (MAMC), ...

  1. Cardiorespiratory fitness and physical activity in Luo, Kamba, and Maasai of rural Kenya

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, D.L.; Faurholt‐Jepsen, D.; Boit, M.K.

    2012-01-01

    Although habitual physical activity energy expenditure (PAEE) and cardio‐respiratory fitness (CRF) are now well‐established determinants of metabolic disease, there is scarcity of such data from Africa. The aim of this study was to describe objectively measured PAEE and CRF in different ethnic...... populations of rural Kenya. A cross‐sectional study was done among 1,099 rural Luo, Kamba, and Maasai of Kenya. Participants were 17–68 years old and 60.9% were women. Individual heart rate (HR) response to a submaximal steptest was used to assess CRF (estimated VO2max). Habitual PAEE was measured...

  2. [Learning experience of acupuncture technique from professor ZHANG Jin].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xue, Hongsheng; Zhang, Jin

    2017-08-12

    As a famous acupuncturist in the world, professor ZHANG Jin believes the key of acupuncture technique is the use of force, and the understanding of the "concentrating the force into needle body" is essential to understand the essence of acupuncture technique. With deep study of Huangdi Neijing ( The Inner Canon of Huangdi ) and Zhenjiu Dacheng ( Compendium of Acupuncture and Moxibustion ), the author further learned professor ZHANG Jin 's theory and operation specification of "concentrating force into needle body, so the force arriving before and together with needle". The whole-body force should be subtly focused on the tip of needle, and gentle force at tip of needle could get significant reinforcing and reducing effect. In addition, proper timing at tip of needle could start reinforcing and reducing effect, lead qi to disease location, and achieve superior clinical efficacy.

  3. False become true: Christie's catalogue of Zhang Hongtu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Valenzuela Arellano

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available By analyzing the series Christie’s Catalogue Project by the artist Zhang Hongtu, this essay traces relationships between: Cultural heritance, national identity, fakeness, popular culture and legitimacy of power structures, within contemporary China. Contemporary art creates assemblies of meanings related to its time, sometimes relating the present with history, high with vernacular culture, soft power with the construction of collective memory. This essay aims to reconstruct with words, through textual and visual analysis, those visual assemblies.

  4. Le langage des couleurs dans les films de Zhang Yimou

    OpenAIRE

    Xiaomin Giafferri

    2009-01-01

    Tout film, ou du moins tout film de fiction, est récit. Représentation visuelle et sonore, le film transpose à l’écran la réalité par un enchaînement d’images, où des traits physiques, gestes, mouvements, paysages se combinent pour former un espace de fiction. Le cinéma en tant qu’art possède un langage spécifique ; dans un film coloré, les couleurs comme moyen d’expression font partie du langage pictural. A partir de quatre films de Zhang Yimou connus en Europe, Le so...

  5. Stress associated with caregiving: an examination of the stress process model among Kenyan Luo elders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ice, Gillian H; Sadruddin, Aalyia F A; Vagedes, Amy; Yogo, Jaja; Juma, Elizabeth

    2012-06-01

    Globally, a growing number of grandparents are caring for their grandchildren. The impact and burden associated with increases in custodial grandparenting, however, may differ by culture. In the United States, the caregiving role has been shown to be a significant source of stress for older adults. In cultures in which grandparents are more commonly involved in the care of young children, however, increasing caregiving roles may not be viewed as stressful. This study examines the impact of caregiving on perceived and physiological measures of stress among 640 Luo elders (60+) in western Kenya, where high HIV prevalence among younger-to-middle aged adults has led to a heavy burden of orphan care. Perceived stress levels were measured using the Luo Perceived Stress Scale (LPSS). Salivary cortisol and casual blood pressure were used as biomarkers of stress. Results were analyzed using random mixed effects models. Overall this study showed that caregivers have higher levels of perceived stress than non-caregivers. For women, household composition, including the number of orphans and adults in the homestead impacted perceived stress. Among men, those who perceived caregiving as burdensome had higher perceived stress. Despite the association between caregiving and perceived stress, there was a minimal relationship between caregiving and the two biomarkers of stress. This may be because caregiving is superimposed onto other stressors and therefore has a minimal physiological impact. These results highlight the importance of local context in determining the impact of the caregiving role on older adult well-being. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  6. Aesthetic Function Realized in the Selected Modern Chinese Essays by Zhang Peiji

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗丹

    2014-01-01

    The selected modern Chinese essays translated by Zhang Peiji is a masterpiece for Chinese scholars to do translation research. Prof. Zhang not only excels at translating the Chinese works accurately but also conveys the aesthetic value in the translated version. This paper wil analyse the aesthetic function used in Zhang Peiji’s selected modern Chinese essays from five aspects, music value, rhythm value, ful-grownness value, conciseness value and artistic conception value.

  7. Microarray Analysis Reveals the Molecular Basis of Antiarthritic Activity of Huo-Luo-Xiao-Ling Dan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hua Yu

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Rheumatoid arthritis (RA is a chronic inflammatory disease of autoimmune origin. Huo-luo-xiao-ling dan (HLXL is an herbal mixture that has been used in traditional Chinese medicine over several decades to treat chronic inflammatory diseases including RA. However, the mechanism of the anti-arthritic action of this herbal remedy is poorly understood at the molecular level. In this study, we determined by microarray analysis the effects of HLXL on the global gene expression profile of the draining lymph node cells (LNC in the rat adjuvant arthritis (AA model of human RA. In LNC restimulated in vitro with the disease-related antigen mycobacterial heat-shock protein 65 (Bhsp65, 84 differentially expressed genes (DEG (64 upregulated and 20 downregulated versus 120 DEG (94 upregulated and 26 downregulated were identified in HLXL-treated versus vehicle (Water-treated rats, respectively, and 62 DEG (45 upregulated and 17 downregulated were shared between the two groups. The most affected pathways in response to HLXL treatment included immune response, inflammation, cellular proliferation and apoptosis, and metabolic processes, many of which are directly relevant to arthritis pathogenesis. These results would advance our understanding of the mechanisms underlying the anti-arthritic activity of HLXL.

  8. Le langage des couleurs dans les films de Zhang Yimou

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaomin Giafferri

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Tout film, ou du moins tout film de fiction, est récit. Représentation visuelle et sonore, le film transpose à l’écran la réalité par un enchaînement d’images, où des traits physiques, gestes, mouvements, paysages se combinent pour former un espace de fiction. Le cinéma en tant qu’art possède un langage spécifique ; dans un film coloré, les couleurs comme moyen d’expression font partie du langage pictural. A partir de quatre films de Zhang Yimou connus en Europe, Le sorgho rouge, Epouses et concubines, Judou et Hero, ce texte tente de réfléchir sur ces questions: si l’on admet que les limites du récit filmique diffèrent de celles du récit verbal, romanesque par exemple, les couleurs qui ne constituent pas un trait pertinent d’identification, participent-elle à la prise en charge de l’histoire ? Composante de l’espace filmique dont les fonctions narratives sont incontestées, sont-elle définitivement non diégétiques ?

  9. Characteristic Sign Renewals of Kardar-Parisi-Zhang Fluctuations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takeuchi, Kazumasa A.; Akimoto, Takuma

    2016-09-01

    Tracking the sign of fluctuations governed by the (1+1)-dimensional Kardar-Parisi-Zhang (KPZ) universality class, we show, both experimentally and numerically, that its evolution has an unexpected link to a simple stochastic model called the renewal process, studied in the context of aging and ergodicity breaking. Although KPZ and the renewal process are fundamentally different in many aspects, we find remarkable agreement in some of the time correlation properties, such as the recurrence time distributions and the persistence probability, while the two systems can be different in other properties. Moreover, we find inequivalence between long-time and ensemble averages in the fraction of time occupied by a specific sign of the KPZ-class fluctuations. The distribution of its long-time average converges to nontrivial broad functions, which are found to differ significantly from that of the renewal process, but instead be characteristic of KPZ. Thus, we obtain a new type of ergodicity breaking for such systems with many-body interactions. Our analysis also detects qualitative differences in time-correlation properties of circular and flat KPZ-class interfaces, which were suggested from previous experiments and simulations but still remain theoretically unexplained.

  10. Immunological evaluation of Lactobacillus casei Zhang: a newly isolated strain from koumiss in Inner Mongolia, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Du Ruiting

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background There is increasing evidence to suggest an immunomodulation function both within the intestines and systemically upon consuming probiotic species. We recently isolated a novel LAB, Lactobacillus caseiZhang (LcZhang from koumiss. LcZhang exhibited favorable probiotic properties, such as acid resistance, bile resistance, gastrointestinal (GI colonization ability, etc. In order to examine the immunomodulatory qualities of LcZhang, we administered LcZhang to healthy mice with varying doses of either live or heat-killed LcZhang and measured various parameters of the host immune response. Results The study was performed in four separate experiments via oral administration of live and heat-killed LcZhang to BALB/c mice for several consecutive days. We investigated the immunomodulating capacity of LcZhang in vivo by analyzing the profile of cytokines, T cell subpopulations, and immunoglobulin concentrations induced in blood serum and intestinal fluid in BALB/c mice. Only live bacteria elicited a wide range of immune responses, which include the increased production of interferon-γ (IFN-γ, and depression of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α levels. In addition, interleukin-2 (IL-2 and IL-2 receptor gene transcription increased significantly, but the proportion of T cell subsets appeared to be unaffected. We also observed that LcZhang was capable of inducing gut mucosal responses by enhancing the production of secretory Immunoglobulin A (sIgA as well influencing the systemic immunity via the cytokines released to the circulating blood. Conclusion The present work shows that the dose-dependent administration of LcZhang is capable of influencing immune responses, implying that it may be a valuable strain for probiotic use in humans.

  11. China marks World Population Day. Address by Zhang Weiqing: (Excerpts).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, W

    1998-08-01

    This is a summary of remarks by Minister Zhang Weiqing of China's State Family Planning Commission (SFPC) given on World Population Day in China. The world's population size has increased by 1 billion since 1987, and will reach 6 billion by 1999. As the most populous developing country in the world, China has a greater population pressure and bears a large responsibility regarding stabilization of the world's population and realization of sustainable development. China has a less developed economy and a high percentage of rural and illiterate persons, many of whom are below the poverty line. The interests of both present and future generations must be taken into account with regard to development. In addition, the modernization drive must include strategies for sustainable development and basic national policies of FP and environmental protection in order to achieve a balance among population growth, the economy, resources, and the environment. After 30 years of effort, China has succeeded in solving its population problem by integrating governmental guidance with voluntary public participation in FP. In 1997, the birthrate decreased to 16.57/1000, and the total fertility rate was below replacement level. Changes in attitude toward marriage and childbearing have occurred, as has awareness of voluntary participation in FP. However, some problems have emerged in the implementation of population and FP programs. China will carry out its programs strictly and effectively while developing the national economy. Goals include: 1) stressing the IEC program regarding contraception and regular FP management and services; 2) integrating the FP program with economic development; 3) helping the public to become well off; 4) protecting maternal and child health; 5) improving the status of women; 6) delivering reproductive services; and 7) improving social security measures. Efforts will be made to enable the public to have a more active part in implementing the FP program.

  12. Dr.Zhang Ren's Experience in Acupuncture Treatment of Obstinate Eye Diseases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ Dr.Zhang Ren (張仁), the board chairman of Shanghai Acupuncture Association, has been engaging in acupuncture treatment for more than 30years, during which he has kept on exploring the acupuncture therapies for obstinate diseases,especially for the obstinate eye diseases, ant summed up rich experience in this aspect. The following is a summary of what the author has learned from Dr. Zhang Ren.

  13. Tang-Luo-Ning Improves Mitochondrial Antioxidase Activity in Dorsal Root Ganglia of Diabetic Rats: A Proteomics Study

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    Taojing Zhang

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Tang-luo-ning (TLN is a traditional Chinese herbal recipe for treating diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN. In this study, we investigated mitochondrial protein profiles in a diabetic rat model and explored the potential protective effect of TLN. Diabetic rats were established by injection of streptozocin (STZ and divided into model, alpha lipoic acid (ALA, and TLN groups. Mitochondrial proteins were isolated from dorsal root ganglia and proteomic analysis was used to quantify the differentially expressed proteins. Tang-luo-ning mitigated STZ-induced diabetic symptoms and blood glucose level, including response time to cold or hot stimulation and nerve conductive velocity. As compared to the normal, there were 388 differentially expressed proteins in the TLN group, 445 in ALA group, and 451 in model group. As compared to the model group, there were 275 differential proteins in TLN group and 251 in ALA group. As compared to model group, mitochondrial complex III was significantly decreased, while glutathione peroxidase and peroxidase were increased in TLN group. When compared with ALA group, the mitochondrial complex III was increased, and mitochondrial complex IV was decreased in TLN group. Together, TLN should have a strong antioxidative activity, which appears to be modulated through regulation of respiratory complexes and antioxidases.

  14. Effect of LongZhang Gargle on Biofilm Formation and Acidogenicity of Streptococcus mutans In Vitro

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    Yutao Yang

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Streptococcus mutans, with the ability of high-rate acid production and strong biofilm formation, is considered the predominant bacterial species in the pathogenesis of human dental caries. Natural products which may be bioactive against S. mutans have become a hot spot to researches to control dental caries. LongZhang Gargle, completely made from Chinese herbs, was investigated for its effects on acid production and biofilm formation by S. mutans in this study. The results showed an antimicrobial activity of LongZhang Gargle against S. mutans planktonic growth at the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC of 16% and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC of 32%. Acid production was significantly inhibited at sub-MIC concentrations. Biofilm formation was also significantly disrupted, and 8% was the minimum concentration that resulted in at least 50% inhibition of biofilm formation (MBIC50. A scanning electron microscopy (SEM showed an effective disruption of LongZhang Gargle on S. mutans biofilm integrity. In addition, a confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM suggested that the extracellular polysaccharides (EPS synthesis could be inhibited by LongZhang Gargle at a relatively low concentration. These findings suggest that LongZhang Gargle may be a promising natural anticariogenic agent in that it suppresses planktonic growth, acid production, and biofilm formation against S. mutans.

  15. Integrative Genomic and Proteomic Analysis of the Response of Lactobacillus casei Zhang to Glucose Restriction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Jie; Hui, Wenyan; Cao, Chenxia; Pan, Lin; Zhang, Heping; Zhang, Wenyi

    2018-03-02

    Nutrient starvation is an important survival challenge for bacteria during industrial production of functional foods. As next-generation sequencing technology has greatly advanced, we performed proteomic and genomic analysis to investigate the response of Lactobacillus casei Zhang to a glucose-restricted environment. L. casei Zhang strains were permitted to evolve in glucose-restricted or normal medium from a common ancestor over a 3 year period, and they were sampled at 1000, 2000, 3000, 4000, 5000, 6000, 7000, and 8000 generations and subjected to proteomic and genomic analyses. Genomic resequencing data revealed different point mutations and other mutational events in each selected generation of L. casei Zhang under glucose restriction stress. The differentially expressed proteins induced by glucose restriction were mostly related to fructose and mannose metabolism, carbohydrate metabolic processes, lyase activity, and amino-acid-transporting ATPase activity. Integrative proteomic and genomic analysis revealed that the mutations protected L. casei Zhang against glucose starvation by regulating other cellular carbohydrate, fatty acid, and amino acid catabolism; phosphoenolpyruvate system pathway activation; glycogen synthesis; ATP consumption; pyruvate metabolism; and general stress-response protein expression. The results help reveal the mechanisms of adapting to glucose starvation and provide new strategies for enhancing the industrial utility of L. casei Zhang.

  16. The role and significance of Luo Zhiyuan's Shu yi hui bian in the history of plague in Lingnan (south of the five ridges).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, H; Lai, W

    1999-04-01

    Being the earliest monograph on plague in China, Luo Zhiyuan's Shu yi hui bian, not included in the National Catalogue of TCM Books, include the following contents: personal idea on the etiology of plague; Luo's friend Wu Xuanchang' unpublished Shu yu zhi fa on the treatment and manifestations of plague; Luo's specific recipe for plague based on medified Wang Qingren's Jie du huo xue decoction based on Wang Qingrens yi lin gai cuo; therapy for critical cases; many therapies applied on Lingnan, including experimental recipes, external therapy, preventive methods, and preventing recurrence methods; Luo's special administrating methods, including persisting day-and-night method, immediate persisting method, single-dose persisting method, and double-dose persisting method. He also gave several cured case records. His book, featuring unique idea with good effect, was repeatedly printed and extensively distributed, exerting influence, more or less, on the plague monographs of later ages, and occupying important position in the history of plague on Lingnan and the whole country as well. His idea of "that poisons and static blood" in pathogenesis and therapeutic principle of antitoxicity and activating blood is coincided with the results of present day clinical and laboratory studies. His administration of medicines is heuristic to the therapy of critical cases with Chinese medicaments and to the recognition of pathogenesis, etiology, and treatment of modern plague as well as other diseases of similar etiology and pathognesis and is worth of further study.

  17. Answer to Wang and Luo, "Polyploidization increases meiotic recombination frequency in Arabidopsis: a close look at statistical modelling and data analysis"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pecinka Ales

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract This article is a response to Wang and Luo. See correspondence article http://www.biomedcentral.com/1741-7007/10/30/ [WEBCITE] and the original research article http://www.biomedcentral.com/1741-7007/9/24 [WEBCITE].

  18. Widow cleansing and inheritance among the Luo in Kenya: the need for additional women-centred HIV prevention options.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perry, Brian; Oluoch, Lennah; Agot, Kawango; Taylor, Jamilah; Onyango, Jacob; Ouma, Lilian; Otieno, Caroline; Wong, Christina; Corneli, Amy

    2014-01-01

    The customs of widow cleansing and widow inheritance are practiced in several communities throughout sub-Saharan Africa. In the Nyanza Province of Kenya, according to tradition, Luo widows are expected to engage in sexual intercourse with a "cleanser," without the use of a condom, in order to remove the impurity ascribed to her after her husband's death. Luo couples, including widows, are also expected to engage in sex preceding specific agricultural activities, building homes, funerals, weddings, and other significant cultural and social events. Widows who are inherited for the purpose of fulfilling cultural obligation have a higher prevalence of HIV than those who remain un-inherited or are inherited for the purpose of companionship. As part of a larger descriptive qualitative study to inform study procedures for FEM-PrEP, an HIV prevention pre-exposure prophylaxis clinical trial, we conducted 15 semi-structured interviews (SSIs) with widows, 15 SSIs with inheritors, and four focus group discussions with widows in the Bondo and Rarieda districts in Nyanza Province to explore the HIV risk context within widow cleansing and inheritance practices. Thematic qualitative analysis was used to analyze the data. The majority of widows reported in the demographic questionnaire being inherited, and most widows in the SSIs described participating in the cleansing ritual. We identified two main themes related to HIV prevention within the context of widow cleansing and inheritance: 1) widows must balance limiting their risk for HIV infection with meeting cultural expectations and ensuring that their livelihood needs are met, and 2) sexual abstinence undermines cultural expectations in widowhood while the use of condoms is deemed inappropriate in fulfilling culturally prescribed sexual rituals, and is often beyond the widow's ability to negotiate. Women-controlled HIV prevention methods such as antiretroviral-based oral pre-exposure prophylaxis, vaginal gels, and vaginal rings

  19. 'Not men enough to rule!': politicization of ethnicities and forcible circumcision of Luo men during the postelection violence in Kenya.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahlberg, Beth Maina; Njoroge, Kezia Muthoni

    2013-10-01

    As a contribution to ongoing research addressing sexual violence in war and conflict situations in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya and Rwanda, this paper argues that the way sexual violence intersects with other markers of identity, including ethnicity and class, is not clearly articulated. Male circumcision has been popularized, as a public health strategy for prevention of HIV transmission, although evidence of its efficacy is disputable and insufficient attention has been given to the social and cultural implications of male circumcision. This paper draws from media reporting and the material supporting the prosecutor at the International Criminal Court case against four Kenyans accused of crimes against humanity, to explore the postelection violence, especially forcible male circumcision. During the postelection violence in Kenya, women were, as in other conflict situations, raped. In addition, men largely from the Luo ethnic group were forcibly circumcised. Male circumcision among the Gikuyu people is a rite of passage, but when forced upon the Luo men, it was also associated with cases of castration and other forms of genital mutilation. The aim appears to have been to humiliate and terrorize not just the individual men, but their entire communities. The paper examines male circumcision and questions why a ritual that has marked a life-course transition for inculcating ethical analysis of the self and others, became a tool of violence against men from an ethnic group where male circumcision is not a cultural practice. The paper then reviews the persistence and change in the ritual and more specifically, how male circumcision has become, not just a sexual health risk, but, contrary to the emerging health discourse and more significantly, a politicized ethnic tool and a status symbol among the Gikuyu elite. In the view of the way male circumcision was perpetrated in Kenya, we argue it should be considered as sexual violence, with far

  20. Proof and Pedagogy in Ancient China: Examples from Liu Hui's Commentary on "JIU ZHANG SUAN SHU".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siu, Man-Keung

    1993-01-01

    Illustrates the pedagogical implications embodied in Liu Hui's discussion on the ancient Chinese mathematical classic "JIU ZHANG SUAN SHU" (Nine Chapters on the Mathematical Art) with respect to aspects of proof and, more generally, the role of proof in mathematics. Provides examples involving area and volume. (Contains 25 references.)…

  1. Period of Light Variability in BL Lac ON 231 Xu Yun Bing1, Zhang ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    period light variability may be greater than the current observation history and needs further monitoring certification (Zhang et al. 1998). To establish the real periods of ON 231, we employ wavelet analysis and DCF method to search a periodicity in the light curves. 2. Periodicity analysis of ON231. 2.1 Light curve of ON 231.

  2. Fermentation characteristics and transit tolerance of probiotic Lactobacillus casei Zhang in soymilk and bovine milk during storage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, J; Guo, Z; Zhang, Q; Yan, L; Chen, W; Liu, X-M; Zhang, H-P

    2009-06-01

    Lactobacillus casei Zhang is a novel strain that was screened out of koumiss collected in Inner Mongolia, and our previous research showed that L. casei Zhang has health benefits such as cholesterol-reducing and immunomodulating effects. The fermentation characteristics of L. casei Zhang in soymilk and bovine milk and the transit tolerance of L. casei Zhang in fermented milk products during refrigerated storage for 28 d were assessed. A faster decrease in pH and faster growth of L. casei Zhang during fermentation were observed in soymilk compared with bovine milk at various inoculation rates, probably because of the low pH buffering capacity of soymilk. The fermented bovine milk samples had much higher final titratable acidity (TA) values (between 0.80 and 0.93%) than the soymilk samples (between 0.40 and 0.46%). Dramatic increases in TA values in the fermented soymilk samples during storage were observed, and the TA values of the fermented soymilk samples changed from survival rates of freshly prepared cultures of L. casei Zhang in simulated gastric juice at pH 2.0 and 2.5 were 31 and 69%, respectively, and the delivery of L. casei Zhang through fermented soymilk and bovine milk significantly improved the viability of L. casei Zhang in simulated gastric transit. Lactobacillus casei Zhang showed good tolerance to simulated gastric juice and intestinal juice in the fermented soymilk and bovine milk samples, and maintained high viability (>10(8) cfu/g) during storage at 4 degrees C for 28 d. Our results indicated that both soymilk and bovine milk could serve as vehicles for delivery of probiotic L. casei Zhang, and further research is needed to elucidate the mechanism of the change in pH and TA of L. casei Zhang in fermented milk samples during fermentation and storage and to understand the difference between soy- and milk-based systems.

  3. Hiina tänapäeva arhitektuur - karmiilmeline, aga põnev / Zhang Ke, Zhang Hong, Xiaodu Liu ; interv. Hanna Läkk ja Ene Läkk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Zhang Ke

    2006-01-01

    Intervjuu Hiina arhitektuuribüroo Standardarchitecture arhitektide Zhang Ke ja Zhang Hongiga ning arhitektuuribüroo Urbanus arhitekti Xiaodu Liuga Hollandis Hiina tänapäeva tutvustaval näitusel. Hiina arhitektide haridusest, oma arhitektuuribüroode töödest, tänapäeva hiina arhitektuurist, põhiprobleemidest

  4. Modified Huo-Luo-Xiao-Ling Dan Suppresses Adjuvant Arthritis by Inhibiting Chemokines and Matrix-Degrading Enzymes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siddaraju M. Nanjundaiah

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Rheumatoid arthritis (RA is a chronic inflammatory disease affecting the joints that can lead to deformities and disability. The prolonged use of conventionally used drugs is associated with severe adverse reactions. Therefore, safer and less expensive therapeutic products are continually being sought. Huo-Luo-Xiao-Ling dan (HLXL, a traditional Chinese herbal mixture, and its modified versions possess anti-arthritic activity. In this paper, we examined the influence of modified HLXL on two of the key mediators of arthritic inflammation and tissue damage, namely, chemokines and matrix-metalloproteinases (MMPs in the rat adjuvant-induced arthritis (AA model of RA. We treated arthritic Lewis rats with HLXL (2.3 g/kg by daily gavage beginning at the onset of AA. The control rats received the vehicle. At the peak phase of AA, rats were sacrificed and their draining lymph node cells (LNC and spleen adherent cells (SAC were tested. The HLXL-treated rats showed a significant reduction in the levels of chemokines (RANTES, MCP-1, MIP-1α, and GRO/KC, MMPs (MMP 2 and 9, as well as cytokines (IL-6 and IL-17 that induce them, compared to the control vehicle-treated rats. Thus, HLXL controls arthritis in part by suppressing the mediators of immune pathology, and it might offer a promising alternative/adjunct treatment for RA.

  5. Wen-Luo-Tong Prevents Glial Activation and Nociceptive Sensitization in a Rat Model of Oxaliplatin-Induced Neuropathic Pain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deng, Bo; Jia, Liqun; Pan, Lin; Song, Aiping; Wang, Yuanyuan; Tan, Huangying; Xiang, Qing; Yu, Lili; Ke, Dandan

    2016-01-01

    One of the main dose-limiting complications of the chemotherapeutic agent oxaliplatin (OXL) is painful neuropathy. Glial activation and nociceptive sensitization may be responsible for the mechanism of neuropathic pain. The Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) Wen-luo-tong (WLT) has been widely used in China to treat chemotherapy induced neuropathic pain. However, there is no study on the effects of WLT on spinal glial activation induced by OXL. In this study, a rat model of OXL-induced chronic neuropathic pain was established and WLT was administrated. Pain behavioral tests and morphometric examination of dorsal root ganglia (DRG) were conducted. Glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) immunostaining was performed, glial activation was evaluated, and the excitatory neurotransmitter substance P (SP) and glial-derived proinflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were analyzed. WLT treatment alleviated OXL-induced mechanical allodynia and mechanical hyperalgesia. Changes in the somatic, nuclear, and nucleolar areas of neurons in DRG were prevented. In the spinal dorsal horn, hypertrophy and activation of GFAP-positive astrocytes were averted, and the level of GFAP mRNA decreased significantly. Additionally, TNF-α mRNA and protein levels decreased. Collectively, these results indicate that WLT reversed both glial activation in the spinal dorsal horn and nociceptive sensitization during OXL-induced chronic neuropathic pain in rats.

  6. Robustness analysis of the Zhang neural network for online time-varying quadratic optimization

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhang Yunong; Ruan Gongqin; Li Kene; Yang Yiwen

    2010-01-01

    A general type of recurrent neural network (termed as Zhang neural network, ZNN) has recently been proposed by Zhang et al for the online solution of time-varying quadratic-minimization (QM) and quadratic-programming (QP) problems. Global exponential convergence of the ZNN could be achieved theoretically in an ideal error-free situation. In this paper, with the normal differentiation and dynamics-implementation errors considered, the robustness properties of the ZNN model are investigated for solving these time-varying problems. In addition, linear activation functions and power-sigmoid activation functions could be applied to such a perturbed ZNN model. Both theoretical-analysis and computer-simulation results demonstrate the good ZNN robustness and superior performance for online time-varying QM and QP problem solving, especially when using power-sigmoid activation functions.

  7. A note on Wang et al's attack on Zhang et al's multiparty quantum secret sharing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gao Gan

    2012-01-01

    Recently, Wang et al (2008 Phys. Lett. A 373 65) proposed an attack on Zhang et al's (2007 Opt. Commun. 269 418) multiparty quantum secret sharing scheme, in which the first and the last agent are reported to be able to cooperatively eavesdrop on all the secret messages without being detected. In this paper, we show that in Wang et al's attack, on average no more than half the secret messages can be eavesdropped. (paper)

  8. Capturing Parent-Child Interactions With Social Media: Comment on Zhang et al. (2015).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leung, Ricky; Dong, Guanghui; Qin, Xiaoxia; Lin, Shao

    2016-06-01

    Zhang et al. conducted a qualitative study of children presented with 19 parental structuring behaviors of parental control and were asked to attribute the parent's intent behind the behaviors. The authors developed several conceptual categories, "parent-centered," "child-centered," or "social" interests. Here, we describe how their 12 propositions could be empirically tested in further studies using social media. © The Author(s) 2016.

  9. Many particle approximation of the Aw-Rascle-Zhang second order model for vehicular traffic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Francesco, Marco Di; Fagioli, Simone; Rosini, Massimiliano D

    2017-02-01

    We consider the follow-the-leader approximation of the Aw-Rascle-Zhang (ARZ) model for traffic flow in a multi population formulation. We prove rigorous convergence to weak solutions of the ARZ system in the many particle limit in presence of vacuum. The result is based on uniform BV estimates on the discrete particle velocity. We complement our result with numerical simulations of the particle method compared with some exact solutions to the Riemann problem of the ARZ system.

  10. A bandwidth correction to the Allegri-Zhang solution for accelerated random vibration testing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benasciutti Denis

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available In 2008, Allegri and Zhang published a study [Int. J. Fatigue. 2008, 30(6:967-977] in which they provided an exact analytical solution to the inverse scaling law for accelerated vibration tests of linear systems submitted to stationary Gaussian excitations By combining finite element analysis with multiaxial spectral methods defined in the frequency-domain, their solution generalised the simple inverse power law model suggested in some standards. The solution adopted the “equivalent von Mises stress” multiaxial criterion combined with the narrow-band damage expression. This work aims to propose a bandwidth correction to the original Allegri-Zhang solution to account for the actual spectral banwidth of the local multiaxial stress. The corrected Allegri-Zhang solution is also extended to another multiaxial spectral method, namely the “Projection-by-Projection” criterion. A numerical example is finally discussed, in which the corrected solution is applied to an L-shaped beam submitted to random accelerations.

  11. Adaptation of Lactobacillus casei Zhang to Gentamycin Involves an Alkaline Shock Protein

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wenyi Zhang

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Lactobacillus (L. casei Zhang is a koumiss-originated probiotic strain, which was used as a model in a long-term antibiotics-driven evolution experiment to reveal bacterial evolutionary dynamics; and we isolated gentamycin-resistant L. casei Zhang descendents. To decipher the gentamycin resistance mechanism, here we cultivated the parental L. casei Zhang and its descendent cells in an antibiotics-containing environment to compare their global protein expression profiles using the iTRAQ-based proteomic approach. A total of 72 proteins were significantly up-regulated (>2.0-fold, P < 0.05, whilst 32 proteins were significantly down-regulated <−2.0-fold, P < 0.05 in the descendent line. The gentamycin-resistant descendent line showed elevated expression in some carbohydrates, amino acids, and purine metabolic pathways. Several stress-related proteins were also differentially expressed. Among them, one alkaline shock protein, asp23, was up-regulated most in the gentamycin-resistant strain (21.9-fold increase compared with the parental strain. The asp23 gene disruption mutant was significantly more sensitive to gentamycin compared with the wild type, suggesting an important role of this gene in developing the gentamycin-resistant phenotype in L. casei. Our report has described the adaptation of a probiotic strain that has acquired antibiotics resistance through long-term antibiotics exposure at the proteome level, and we revealed a novel mechanism of gentamycin resistance.

  12. Nonequilibrium steady state of a weakly-driven Kardar–Parisi–Zhang equation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meerson, Baruch; Sasorov, Pavel V.; Vilenkin, Arkady

    2018-05-01

    We consider an infinite interface of d  >  2 dimensions, governed by the Kardar–Parisi–Zhang (KPZ) equation with a weak Gaussian noise which is delta-correlated in time and has short-range spatial correlations. We study the probability distribution of the interface height H at a point of the substrate, when the interface is initially flat. We show that, in stark contrast with the KPZ equation in d  statistics of directed polymers in random potential.

  13. Security analysis of boolean algebra based on Zhang-Wang digital signature scheme

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zheng, Jinbin

    2014-01-01

    In 2005, Zhang and Wang proposed an improvement signature scheme without using one-way hash function and message redundancy. In this paper, we show that this scheme exits potential safety concerns through the analysis of boolean algebra, such as bitwise exclusive-or, and point out that mapping is not one to one between assembly instructions and machine code actually by means of the analysis of the result of the assembly program segment, and which possibly causes safety problems unknown to the software

  14. Air pollution in China, with Junfeng (Jim) Zhang by Ashley Ahearn.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Junfeng Jim

    2011-06-01

    Air pollution in China, one of the world’s oldest civilizations, reflects a combination of traditional and modern-day factors. Severe air pollution in Chinese cities is the result of rapid industrialization, urbanization, and growth in vehicle use. At the same time, traditional indoor burning of solid fuels such as coal and dung presents acute, severe exposures to pollutants including particulate matter, carbon monoxide, arsenic, and mercury. In this podcast, Junfeng (Jim) Zhang tells host Ashley Ahearn about some of the factors that make air pollution a significant problem in China.

  15. Reply to comment by Ma and Zhang on "Rescaling the complementary relationship for land surface evaporation"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crago, Richard; Qualls, Russell; Szilagyi, Jozsef; Huntington, Justin

    2017-07-01

    Ma and Zhang (2017) note a concern they have with our rescaled Complementary Relationship (CR) for land surface evaporation when daily average wind speeds are very low (perhaps less than 1 m/s). We discuss conditions and specific formulations that lead to this concern, but ultimately argue that under these conditions, a key assumption behind the CR itself may not be satisfied at the daily time scale. Thus, careful consideration of the reliability of the CR is needed when wind speeds are very low.

  16. Security analysis of boolean algebra based on Zhang-Wang digital signature scheme

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zheng, Jinbin, E-mail: jbzheng518@163.com [School of Mathematics and Computer Science, Long Yan University, Longyan 364012 (China)

    2014-10-06

    In 2005, Zhang and Wang proposed an improvement signature scheme without using one-way hash function and message redundancy. In this paper, we show that this scheme exits potential safety concerns through the analysis of boolean algebra, such as bitwise exclusive-or, and point out that mapping is not one to one between assembly instructions and machine code actually by means of the analysis of the result of the assembly program segment, and which possibly causes safety problems unknown to the software.

  17. Short communication: Protection of lyophilized milk starter Lactobacillus casei Zhang by glutathione.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Juan; Liu, Qian; Chen, Wei; Du, Guocheng; Chen, Jian

    2016-03-01

    Lyophilization is considered an effective way to preserve the activity of milk starters, such as lactic acid bacteria, in which proper protective agents play key roles. In this study, Lactobacillus casei Zhang, a probiotic bacterium applied as a milk starter in China, was used to investigate the effects of various cryoprotectants according to cell survival rate and physiological characteristics. The result showed a significant survival improvement to 86.6% when glutathione (GSH) was added as an ideal cryoprotectant. Further study revealed that GSH plays a key role on maintaining higher unsaturation ratio of cell membrane and shorter chain length of saturated fatty acids. In this case, the intact cell structure can be obtained. These findings will contribute not only to deepen the understanding of cells during lyophilization but also to improve the industrial performance of certain milk starters such as L. casei Zhang by application of GSH as cryoprotectant. Copyright © 2016 American Dairy Science Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. Space and Intermediality in Jia Zhang-ke’s Still Life

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cecília Mello

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available This article is dedicated to an analysis of Chinese director Jia Zhang-ke’s film Still Life (San Xia Hao Ren 三峡好人, 2006 from the point of view of its intermedial relationship with Chinese landscape painting. As I will suggest, Jia’s discovery of a real landscape and a vanishing cityscape in this film, shot on location in the region of the Three Gorges of the Yangtze River, springs from a realist impulse and from an original aesthetic response to a new historical and social conjuncture. But while it seems firmly located in the landscape of contemporary China, the film also shares aesthetic qualities with the tradition of Chinese landscape painting, mounted on hanging or hand scrolls. A focus on this particular instance of intermediality leads to a reflection on cinema’s spatial organization in light of current revisions in film and audiovisual theory, which suggest that filmic space and its spectatorial experience should be considered above all from the point of view of touch and movement. It also allows for a broader understanding of the political implications of intermediality in Jia Zhang-ke’s oeuvre, fruit of an organic link between form and content that brings a historical resonance to a contemporary perspective.

  19. ‘A Special Zone for Confucianism’? Theses of the Academician Zhang Xianglong on Traditional Chinese Culture”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monika GÄNßBAUER

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available This article introduces the work of the academician Zhang Xianglong (b. 1949, focussing on his idea of establishing a “special zone for Confucianism” in China. Zhang argues that special protection is needed for Confucian traditions which he perceives as the leading culture of China. Confucian culture should find its way out of the museum, says Zhang. He also refers to the political concept of “one country, two systems” that was implemented when Hongkong was restored to Chinese rule. Zhang applies this to his idea of a “special zone for Confucianism”, suggesting that this political concept could be extended to “one country, three systems”. In my view Zhang is developing new, creative ideas for possible experimental fields dealing with Confucianism in the context of the People’s Republic of China. In the end it is my argument that it would be helpful to conduct in-depth research on the possible role of Confucianism in today’s China.

  20. Generalized One-Band Model Based on Zhang-Rice Singlets for Tetragonal CuO

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamad, I. J.; Manuel, L. O.; Aligia, A. A.

    2018-04-01

    Tetragonal CuO (T-CuO) has attracted attention because of its structure similar to that of the cuprates. It has been recently proposed as a compound whose study can give an end to the long debate about the proper microscopic modeling for cuprates. In this work, we rigorously derive an effective one-band generalized t -J model for T-CuO, based on orthogonalized Zhang-Rice singlets, and make an estimative calculation of its parameters, based on previous ab initio calculations. By means of the self-consistent Born approximation, we then evaluate the spectral function and the quasiparticle dispersion for a single hole doped in antiferromagnetically ordered half filled T-CuO. Our predictions show very good agreement with angle-resolved photoemission spectra and with theoretical multiband results. We conclude that a generalized t -J model remains the minimal Hamiltonian for a correct description of single-hole dynamics in cuprates.

  1. Evolution of the alluvial fans of the Luo River in the Weihe Basin, central China, controlled by faulting and climate change - A reevaluation of the paleogeographical setting of Dali Man site

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rits, Daniël S.; van Balen, Ronald T.; Prins, Maarten A.; Zheng, Hongbo

    2017-01-01

    The Luo River is located in the southern part of the Chinese Loess Plateau and the northern part of the Weihe Basin, in Central China. In the basin it flows proximal to the site of the Luyang Wetland core, which is an important archive of climate change over the past 1 Myr in this region. In this

  2. Effectiveness of Traditional Chinese Medicine Compound JieDuTongLuoShengJin Granules Treatment in Primary Sjögren’s Syndrome: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ben Li

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. To evaluate the clinical therapeutic efficacy and safety of JieDuTongLuoShengJin granules + HCQ in patients with pSS. Methods. 40 patients with low-activity-level pSS and without visceral involvement participated in this study and were randomized to receive either JieDuTongLuoShengJin granules with HCQ or placebo with HCQ. Patients and investigators were blinded to treatment allocation. The primary endpoint was week 12 ESSPRI score, while secondary endpoints included ESSDAI, salivary and lacrimal gland function, and some laboratory variables. Safety-related data were also assessed. Results. Comparing with the placebo group, the treatment group experienced statistically significant improvement in the mean change from baseline for the primary endpoint of ESSPRI score and also in PGA. Moreover, in comparison with baseline values, the treatment group had significantly improved ESSDAI score, unstimulated saliva flow rate, and several laboratory variables. However, upon comparison of the two groups, there were no significant differences for them. The incidence of AEs was 10.0%, one in treatment group and three in placebo group. Conclusion. Treatment with a combination of JieDuTongLuoShengJin granules with HCQ is effective in improving patients’ subjective symptoms and some objective indicators of pSS. These results indicate that JieDuTongLuoShengJin is promising as a safe and effective treatment of pSS.

  3. Tang-Luo-Ning, a Traditional Chinese Medicine, Inhibits Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress-Induced Apoptosis of Schwann Cells under High Glucose Environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Weijie Yao

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Tang-Luo-Ning (TLN has a definite effect in the clinical treatment of diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN. Schwann cells (SCs apoptosis induced by endoplasmic reticulum stress (ER stress is one of the main pathogeneses of DPN. This study investigates whether TLN can inhibit SCs apoptosis by inhibiting ER stress-induced apoptosis. Our previous researches have demonstrated that TLN could increase the expression of ER stress marker protein GRP78 and inhibited the expression of apoptosis marker protein CHOP in ER stress. In this study, the results showed that TLN attenuated apoptosis by decreasing Ca2+ level in SCs and maintaining ER morphology. TLN could decrease downstream proteins of CHOP including GADD34 and Ero1α, while it increased P-eIF2α and decreased the upstream proteins of CHOP including P-IRE1α/IRE1α and XBP-1, thereby reducing ER stress-induced apoptosis.

  4. ZHANG Ting-dong (张亭栋)—— A Pioneer in Treating Leukemia with Arsenous Acid

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ Prof. ZHANG Ting-dong, male, was born in Wuqiao County, He-bei Province on Nov. 8,1932, and in 1950 graduated from Harbin Medical University. And from 1960 to 1963 he studied in and then graduated from Western Doctors'class for Learning Traditional Chinese Medicine(TCM).

  5. Review of the genus Neotetricodes Zhang et Chen (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha: Issidae) with description of two new species.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Zhi-Min; Yang, Lin; Zhang, Zheng-Guang; Chen, Xiang-Sheng

    2015-12-11

    Two new species of the issid genus Neotetricodes Zhang et Chen (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha: Issidae): Neotetricodes longispinus Chang et Chen sp. nov. (China: Yunnan) and Neotetricodes xiphoideus Chang et Chen sp. nov. (China: Yunnan) are described and illustrated. The generic characteristic is redefined. A checklist and key to the species of the genus are provided. The female genitalia of the genus are firstly described.

  6. Lactobacillus casei Zhang and vitamin K2 prevent intestinal tumorigenesis in mice via adiponectin-elevated different signaling pathways.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Yong; Ma, Chen; Zhao, Jie; Xu, Haiyan; Hou, Qiangchuan; Zhang, Heping

    2017-04-11

    The incidence of colon cancer has increased considerably and the intestinal microbiota participate in the development of colon cancer. We showed that the L. casei Zhang or vitamin K2 (Menaquinone-7) intervention significantly alleviated intestinal tumor burden in mice. This was associated with increased serum adiponectin levels in both treatments. But osteocalcin level was only increased by L. casei Zhang. Furthermore, the anti-carcinogenic actions of L. casei Zhang were mediated by hepatic Chloride channel-3(CLCN3)/Nuclear Factor Kappa B(NF-κB) and intestinal Claudin15/Chloride intracellular channel 4(CLIC4)/Transforming Growth Factor Beta(TGF-β) signaling, while the vitamin K2 effect involved a hepatic Vitamin D Receptor(VDR)-phosphorylated AMPK signaling pathway. Fecal DNA sequencing by the Pacbio RSII method revealed there was significantly lower Helicobacter apodemus, Helicobacter mesocricetorum, Allobaculum stercoricanis and Adlercreutzia equolifaciens following both interventions compared to the model group. Moreover, different caecum acetic acid and butyric acid levels and enrichment of other specific microbes also determined the activity of the different regulatory pathways. Together these data show that L. casei Zhang and Vitamin K2 can suppress gut risk microbes and promote beneficial microbial metabolites to reduce colonic tumor development in mice.

  7. Evolution of the alluvial fans of the Luo River in the Weihe Basin, central China, controlled by faulting and climate change - A reevaluation of the paleogeographical setting of Dali Man site

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rits, Daniël S.; van Balen, Ronald T.; Prins, Maarten A.; Zheng, Hongbo

    2017-06-01

    The Luo River is located in the southern part of the Chinese Loess Plateau and the northern part of the Weihe Basin, in Central China. In the basin it flows proximal to the site of the Luyang Wetland core, which is an important archive of climate change over the past 1 Myr in this region. In this paper, the contribution of the Luo River to the sedimentary record is analyzed by reconstructing the evolution of this river during the Middle to Late Pleistocene. It is argued that an alluvial fan of the Luo River has contributed to the sedimentary archive until approximately 200-240 ka. From this moment onwards, the fan became incised and terraces began to form. The formation of a new alluvial fan further downstream led to the disconnection of the Luo River from the Luyang Wetland core site. We propose that this series of events was caused by the displacement of an intra-basinal fault and the resultant faulting-forced folding, which caused increased relative subsidence, and thus increased sedimentation rates at the core site. Therefore, a complete sediment record in the 'Luyang Wetland' was preserved, despite the disconnection from the Luo River. The chronology of the fans and terraces was established using existing age control (U-series, ESR, OSL, pIRIR290 and magnetic susceptibility correlation), and through correlation of the loess-paleosol cover to marine isotope stages. Based on sedimentological characteristics of the fluvial sequence, we suggest that incision of the Luo River occurred in two steps. Small incisions took place at transitions to interglacials and the main incision phases occur at the transition from an interglacial to glacial climate. Due to the incision, basal parts of the oldest Luo River alluvial fan are exposed, and it is in one of these exposures that the famous Dali Man skull was retrieved. This study shows that the Dali Man did not live on a river terrace as previously thought, but on an aggrading alluvial fan, during wet, glacial conditions.

  8. Thinning Zhang-Suen dan Stentiford untuk Menentukan Ekstraksi Ciri (Minutiae Sebagai Identifikasi Pola Sidik Jari

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faiza Alif Fakhrina

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Fingerprint is the skin on the palms of the hands and feet that are covered with small ridge lines. Fingerprint pattern belonging to every human is being unique. There are fingerprint on the ridge pattern will not change during human life. Ridge pattern is characteristic of the fingrprint that can be used for biometric identification. Based on fingerprint ridge pattern into four, namely whorl, ulnar loop, radial loop, and arch. Minutiae Extraction (Crossing Number, Core and Delta, Center Point Location can be used for fingerprint pattern recognition. Some of the methods used in the fingerprint pattern recognition is Minutiae Extraction, and Thinning Zhang-Suen and Stentiford. Croosing Number is used for process Minutiae Extraction, example termination and bifurcation. The classification method used Linear Discriminant Analysis. The result fingerprint pattern recognition is system can recognize fingerprint patter as much as 20 images and system can not recognize fingerprint pattern as much as 10 images. Accuracy of fingerprint pattern recognition is 66%.

  9. Book Review ~ Advancing Online Learning in Asia. Editors: David Murphy, Namin Shin, and Weiyuan Zhang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Insung Jung

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available The Internet, high-speed electronic communications, and computers have transformed the way we teach and learn. With the development of these new information and communication technologies, the idea of online education has been adopted in many developed, and more recently in developing countries, to bring wider opportunities to people in the form of increased access to flexible and interactive, open and distance learning systems. As stated in the Introduction of “Advancing Online Learning in Asia” edited by Murphy, Shin, and Zhang, online education is now everywhere and it “is changing the ways in which educational institutions interact with their students, for both traditional and distance education universities.” By examining recent developments of online education in Asia from multiple perspectives, this book has a potential to be an invaluable resource to educators. Taking cases from the Asian region in which online learning was introduced, implemented, and experienced, this book presents the cases from a number of perspectives, especially from student perspectives, and addresses pedagogical and technical issues faced by online educators. The breadth of the articles in this book provides a wide range of online learning cases and varied perspectives, which should clearly appeal to educators, researchers, administrators, and policy makers in online education.

  10. Recent developments on the Kardar-Parisi-Zhang surface-growth equation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wio, Horacio S; Escudero, Carlos; Revelli, Jorge A; Deza, Roberto R; de la Lama, Marta S

    2011-01-28

    The stochastic nonlinear partial differential equation known as the Kardar-Parisi-Zhang (KPZ) equation is a highly successful phenomenological mesoscopic model of surface and interface growth processes. Its suitability for analytical work, its explicit symmetries and its prediction of an exact dynamic scaling relation for a one-dimensional substratum led people to adopt it as a 'standard' model in the field during the last quarter of a century. At the same time, several conjectures deserving closer scrutiny were established as dogmas throughout the community. Among these, we find the beliefs that 'genuine' non-equilibrium processes are non-variational in essence, and that the exactness of the dynamic scaling relation owes its existence to a Galilean symmetry. Additionally, the equivalence among planar and radial interface profiles has been generally assumed in the literature throughout the years. Here--among other topics--we introduce a variational formulation of the KPZ equation, remark on the importance of consistency in discretization and challenge the mainstream view on the necessity for scaling of both Galilean symmetry and the one-dimensional fluctuation-dissipation theorem. We also derive the KPZ equation on a growing domain as a first approximation to radial growth, and outline the differences with respect to the classical case that arises in this new situation.

  11. Height distribution tails in the Kardar-Parisi-Zhang equation with Brownian initial conditions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meerson, Baruch; Schmidt, Johannes

    2017-10-01

    For stationary interface growth, governed by the Kardar-Parisi-Zhang (KPZ) equation in 1 + 1 dimensions, typical fluctuations of the interface height at long times are described by the Baik-Rains distribution. Recently Chhita et al (2016 arXiv:1611.06690) used the totally asymmetric simple exclusion process (TASEP) to study the height fluctuations in systems of the KPZ universality class for Brownian interfaces with arbitrary diffusion constant. They showed that there is a one-parameter family of long-time distributions, parameterized by the diffusion constant of the initial random height profile. They also computed these distributions numerically by using Monte Carlo (MC) simulations. Here we address this problem analytically and focus on the distribution tails at short times. We determine the (stretched exponential) tails of the height distribution by applying the optimal fluctuation method (OFM) to the KPZ equation. We argue that, by analogy with other initial conditions, the ‘slow’ tail holds at arbitrary times and therefore provides a proper asymptotic to the family of long-time distributions studied in Chhita et al (2016 arXiv:1611.06690). We verify this hypothesis by performing large-scale MC simulations of a TASEP with a parallel-update rule. The ‘fast’ tail, predicted by the OFM, is also expected to hold at arbitrary times, at sufficiently large heights.

  12. A New Probiotic Cheddar Cheese with High ACE-Inhibitory Activity and γ-Aminobutyric Acid Content Produced with Koumiss-Derived Lactobacillus casei Zhang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hai Kuan Wang

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Cheddar cheese has been manufactured with Lactobacillus casei Zhang as the dairy starter adjunct. L. casei Zhang had previously been isolated from koumiss collected from Xilin Guole in Inner Mongolia and characterized in detail with regard to their probiotic potential. The addition of L. casei Zhang to Cheddar cheese had no adverse effects on sensory criteria. The cheese made with 0.1, 1 and 2 % of the probiotic strain L. casei Zhang adjuncts contained high levels of the Lactobacillus after 6 months of ripening with final counts of 9.6·10^7, 7.7·10^7 and 1.02·10^8 CFU/g, respectively. In the ripe control cheese, without the addition of probiotic strain L. casei Zhang, the number of Lactobacillus reached 5.7·107 CFU/g. Enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus PCR (ERIC-PCR analysis was used to distinguish the added L. casei Zhang from the natural flora of the cheese and to determine whether L. casei Zhang grew in the cheese. ACE-inhibitory activity and γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA concentrations in the cheese were measured. Compared with control cheese, experimental cheese with 0.1, 1 and 2 % of probiotic strain L. casei Zhang revealed some increase in ACE-inhibitory activity and GABA mass fraction. In the present study, the production of both ACE-inhibitory activity and GABA in the probiotic cheese with the L. casei Zhang adjunct isolated from koumiss has been found for the first time. The results suggest that cheese with the probiotic strain L. casei Zhang showed good potential for application in the management of hypertension.

  13. Maximum of an Airy process plus Brownian motion and memory in Kardar-Parisi-Zhang growth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Le Doussal, Pierre

    2017-12-01

    We obtain several exact results for universal distributions involving the maximum of the Airy2 process minus a parabola and plus a Brownian motion, with applications to the one-dimensional Kardar-Parisi-Zhang (KPZ) stochastic growth universality class. This allows one to obtain (i) the universal limit, for large time separation, of the two-time height correlation for droplet initial conditions, e.g., C∞=limt2/t1→+∞h(t1) h (t2)¯c/h(t1)2¯c, with C∞≈0.623 , as well as conditional moments, which quantify ergodicity breaking in the time evolution; (ii) in the same limit, the distribution of the midpoint position x (t1) of a directed polymer of length t2; and (iii) the height distribution in stationary KPZ with a step. These results are derived from the replica Bethe ansatz for the KPZ continuum equation, with a "decoupling assumption" in the large time limit. They agree and confirm, whenever they can be compared, with (i) our recent tail results for two-time KPZ with the work by de Nardis and Le Doussal [J. Stat. Mech. (2017) 053212, 10.1088/1742-5468/aa6bce], checked in experiments with the work by Takeuchi and co-workers [De Nardis et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 118, 125701 (2017), 10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.125701] and (ii) a recent result of Maes and Thiery [J. Stat. Phys. 168, 937 (2017), 10.1007/s10955-017-1839-2] on midpoint position.

  14. [The academic characteristics of acupuncture and moxibustion of professor ZHANG Yongshu:a famous acupuncturist in Southern Fujian].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Weiwei; Meng, Xianjun; Zhu, Anning; Wang, Yu; Luo, Wuyougumo; Kuang, Zifang

    2017-01-12

    Professor ZHANG Yongshu , who studied from professor LIU Zhangjie , is a famous acupuncturist in Quanzhou of Southern Fujian. The publications authored by professor ZHANG Yongshu were collected in this study to summarize his academic characteristics of acupuncture and moxibustion. The result indicated he highly valued the regulation of yang qi , and established the theory of "developing yang to nourish yin ", which proposes to develop yang qi to achieve the effect of culturing yin ; he summarized eight methods to regulate the governor vessel and conception vessel, which can condition the body's yin and yang ; he paid attention to moxibustion therapy and its dosage, and made the best of direct moxibustion. In addition, he focused on meridian theory with effective application of meridian syndrome differentiation; in clinical treatment, he regulated the hand- yangming meridian to treat diseases by nourishing yang , generating yin and regulating fu .

  15. Neuroprotective effects and UPLC-Q-TOF/MS-based active components identification of external applied a novel Wen-Luo-Tong microemulsion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Hong-Mei; Lin, Long-Fei; Xia, Zhen-Zhen; Mao, Yong; Liu, Jia; Xu, Ling-Yan; Wu, Qing

    2017-11-13

    Chemotherapy induced neuropathy causes excruciating pain to cancer patients. Wen-Luo-Tong (WLT), a traditional Chinese medicinal compound, has been used to alleviate anti-cancer drug such as oxaliplatin-induced neuropathic pain for many years. However, the current route of administration of WLT is inconvenient and the active ingredients and mechanism of action of WLT are still unclear. To address these issues, we developed a novel formulation of WLT (W/O microemulsion) for the ease of application. New ultra-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF/MS) methods were employed for analysis of the ingredients. We identified seven ingredients that penetrated through the skin into the Franz cell receptor solution and four of those ingredients were retained in skin tissue when WLT microemulsion was applied. We tested the microemulsion formulation on an oxaliplatin-induced neuropathy rat model and showed that this formulation significantly decreased oxaliplatin-induced mechanical hyperalgesia responses. Schwann cells (SCs) viability experiment in vitro was studied to test the protective effect of the identified seven ingredients. The result showed that Hydroxysafflor Yellow A, icariin, epimedin B and 4-dihydroxybenzoic acid significantly increased the viability of SCs after injured by Oxaliplatin. Our report presents the first novel formulation of WLT with neuroprotective effect and ease of use, which has potential for clinical applications.

  16. Suppression of Ongoing Experimental Arthritis by a Chinese Herbal Formula (Huo-Luo-Xiao-Ling Dan Involves Changes in Antigen-Induced Immunological and Biochemical Mediators of Inflammation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ying-Hua Yang

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Rheumatoid arthritis (RA is one of the major autoimmune diseases of global prevalence. The use of the anti-inflammatory drugs for the treatment of RA is associated with severe adverse reactions and toxicity. This limitation has necessitated the search for novel therapeutic products. We report here a traditional Chinese medicine-based herbal formula, Huo luo xiao ling dan (HLXL, which has potent antiarthritic activity as validated in the rat adjuvant-induced arthritis (AA model. HLXL (2.3 g/Kg was fed to Lewis (RT.11 rats daily by gavage beginning at the onset of arthritis and then continued through the observation period. HLXL inhibited the severity of ongoing AA. This suppression of arthritis was associated with significant alterations in the T cell proliferative and cytokine responses as well as the antibody response against the disease-related antigen, mycobacterial heat-shock protein 65 (Bhsp65. There was a reduction in the level of the proinflammatory cytokines IL-17 and IL-1β but enhancement of the anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 level. In addition, there was inhibition of both the anti-Bhsp65 antibody response and the serum level of nitric oxide. Thus, HLXL is a promising CAM modality for further testing in RA patients.

  17. Social grooming among wild bonobos (Pan paniscus) at Wamba in the Luo Scientific Reserve, DR Congo, with special reference to the formation of grooming gatherings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sakamaki, Tetsuya

    2013-10-01

    Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) groom in gatherings in which many individuals may be connected via multiple chains of grooming and they often exchange partners with each other. They sometimes groom another while receiving grooming; that is, one animal can play two roles (i.e., groomer and groomee) simultaneously. Although this feature of chimpanzees is notable from the viewpoint of the evolution of human sociality, information on our other closest living relative, the bonobo (Pan paniscus), is still lacking. In this study, I describe grooming interactions of bonobos at Wamba in the Luo Scientific Reserve, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DR Congo), with a particular focus on the formation of grooming gatherings. Like chimpanzees, the bonobos also performed mutual grooming (two individuals grooming each other simultaneously) and polyadic grooming (three or more individuals). However, unlike chimpanzees, these sessions lasted for only a short time. Bonobos rarely groomed another while receiving grooming. Because social grooming occurred not only in trees but also in open spaces, including treefall gaps, the conditions did not necessarily limit the opportunity to make multiple chains of grooming. However, bonobos also engaged in social grooming in different ways from chimpanzees; That is, many individuals were involved simultaneously at a site, in which they separated for dyadic grooming. Some cases clearly showed that bonobos preferred a third party not to join while grooming in a dyad, suggesting that bonobos have a preference for grooming in dyads and that immature individuals formed the preference that was shared among adults while growing up. Most members of the study group ranged together during the majority of the study period. Although bonobos show a fission-fusion grouping pattern, when group members frequently encounter one another on a daily basis, they may not be motivated to form multiple grooming chains at this site, as do chimpanzees.

  18. A Chinese View on the Cultural Conditionality of Logic and Epistemology: Zhang Dongsun’s Intercultural Methodology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jana Rošker

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Recognizing the fact that comprehension, analysis and transmission of reality are based on diversely structured socio-political contexts as well as on different categorical and essential postulates, offers a prospect of enrichment. Thus, this article presents an analysis and interpretation of one of the first Chinese theoreticians, working in the field of intercultural methodology. Although Zhang Dongsun (1886–1973 can be considered as one of the leading Chinese philosophers of the 20th Century, his criticism of Sinicized Marxist ideologies marked him as a political dissident and he was consequently consigned to oblivion for several decades; only recently has his work been rediscovered by a number of younger Chinese theorists, who have shown a growing interest in his ideas. Although he is still relatively unknown in the West, Zhang definitely deserves to be recognized for his contributions to Chinese and comparative philosophy. The present article focuses on his extraordinary ability to introduce Western thought in a way which was compatible with the specific methodology of traditional Chinese thought. According to such presumptions, culture is viewed as an entity composed of a number of specific discourses and relations. The article shows how the interweaving and interdependence of these discourses form different cultural backgrounds, which manifest themselves in the specific, culturally determined structures of language and logic. It also explains the role of traditional elements in his cultural epistemology.

  19. A Theta lift representation for the Kawazumi-Zhang and Faltings invariants of genus-two Riemann surfaces

    CERN Document Server

    Pioline, Boris

    2016-01-01

    The Kawazumi-Zhang invariant $\\varphi$ for compact genus-two Riemann surfaces was recently shown to be a eigenmode of the Laplacian on the Siegel upper half-plane, away from the separating degeneration divisor. Using this fact and the known behavior of $\\varphi$ in the non-separating degeneration limit, it is shown that $\\varphi$ is equal to the Theta lift of the unique (up to normalization) weak Jacobi form of weight $-2$. This identification provides the complete Fourier-Jacobi expansion of $\\varphi$ near the non-separating node, gives full control on the asymptotics of $\\varphi$ in the various degeneration limits, and provides a efficient numerical procedure to evaluate $\\varphi$ to arbitrary accuracy. It also reveals a mock-type holomorphic Siegel modular form of weight $-2$ underlying $\\varphi$. From the general relation between the Faltings invariant, the Kawazumi-Zhang invariant and the discriminant for hyperelliptic Riemann surfaces, a Theta lift representation for the Faltings invariant in genus two ...

  20. Comparative analysis of the gene expression profile of probiotic Lactobacillus casei Zhang with and without fermented milk as a vehicle during transit in a simulated gastrointestinal tract.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Jicheng; Zhong, Zhi; Zhang, Wenyi; Bao, Qiuhua; Wei, Aibin; Meng, He; Zhang, Heping

    2012-06-01

    Studies have found that the survival of probiotics could be strongly enhanced with dairy products as delivery vehicles, but the molecular mechanism by which this might occur has seldom been mentioned. In this study, microarray technology was used to detect the gene expression profile of Lactobacillus casei Zhang with and without fermented milk used as a delivery vehicle during transit in simulated gastrointestinal juice. Numerous genes of L. casei Zhang in strain suspension were upregulated compared to those from L. casei Zhang in fermented milk. These data might indicate that L. casei Zhang is stimulated directly without the protection of fermented milk, and the high-level gene expression observed here may be a stress response at the transcriptional level. A large proportion of genes involved in translation and cell division were downregulated in the bacteria that were in strain suspension during transit in simulated intestinal juice. This may impede protein biosynthesis and cell division and partially explain the lower viability of L. casei Zhang during transit in the gastrointestinal tract without the delivery vehicle. Copyright © 2012 Institut Pasteur. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  1. Dissipation dynamics of clothianidin and its control efficacy against Bradysia odoriphaga Yang and Zhang in Chinese chive ecosystems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Peng; He, Min; Zhao, Yunhe; Ren, Yupeng; Wei, Yan; Mu, Wei; Liu, Feng

    2016-07-01

    Clothianidin is a second-generation neonicotinoid insecticide that is quite effective against Bradysia odoriphaga Yang and Zhang, the major insect pest affecting Chinese chive in northern China. In this study, the dissipation of clothianidin in soil and its residue in leaves and pseudostems/bulbs as well as its control efficacy against B. odoriphaga and two other secondary pests were investigated in Chinese chive fields after soil application of clothianidin by the directional spray-washing method. The half-life of clothianidin was 35.73-36.10 days, and it could be detected in Chinese chive plants in both treatment plots up to 240 days after a single soil application. Clothianidin applied at 3.0 and 6.0 kg AI ha(-1) could suppress B. odoriphaga population growth, achieve satisfactory levels of pest control for almost 10 months and reduce the losses of the yield in winter. Moreover, the treatments also significantly reduced Thrips alliorum and Acrolepia alliella populations up to nearly 180 days after one application. Clothianidin can be considered to show long-lasting efficacy against B. odoriphaga and to be safe for use in Chinese chive at 3.0 and 6.0 kg AI ha(-1) once in the early root-rearing period to control B. odoriphaga in these cultivation ecosystems. © 2015 Society of Chemical Industry. © 2015 Society of Chemical Industry.

  2. Mg2+ improves the thermotolerance of probiotic Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG, Lactobacillus casei Zhang and Lactobacillus plantarum P-8.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Y; Huang, S; Wang, J; Jan, G; Jeantet, R; Chen, X D

    2017-04-01

    Food-related carbohydrates and proteins are often used as thermoprotectants for probiotic lactobacilli during industrial production and processing. However, the effect of inorganic salts is rarely reported. Magnesium is the second-most abundant cation in bacteria, and commonly found in various foods. Mg 2+ homeostasis is important in Salmonella and has been reported to play a critical role in their thermotolerance. However, the role of Mg 2+ in thermotolerance of other bacteria, in particular probiotic bacteria, still remains a hypothesis. In this study, the effect of Mg 2+ on thermotolerance of probiotic lactobacilli was investigated in three well-documented probiotic strains, Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG, Lactobacillus casei Zhang and Lactobacillus plantarum P-8, in comparison with Zn 2+ and Na + . Concentrations of Mg 2+ between 10 and 50 mmol l -1 were found to increase the bacterial survival upon heat challenge. Remarkably, Mg 2+ addition at 20 mmol l -1 led to a 100-fold higher survival of L. rhamnosus GG upon heat challenge. This preliminary study also showed that Mg 2+ shortened the heat-induced extended lag time of bacteria, which indicated the improvement in bacterial recovery from thermal injury. In order to improve the productivity and stability of live probiotics, extensive investigations have been carried out to improve thermotolerance of probiotics. However, most of these studies focused on the effects of carbohydrates, proteins or amino acids. The roles of inorganic salts in various food materials, which have rarely been reported, should be considered when incorporating probiotics into these foods. In this study, Mg 2+ was found to play a significant role in the thermotolerance of probiotic lactobacilli. A novel strategy may be available in the near future by employing magnesium salts as protective agents of probiotics during manufacturing process. © 2017 The Society for Applied Microbiology.

  3. Zhang neural network for online solution of time-varying convex quadratic program subject to time-varying linear-equality constraints

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhang Yunong; Li Zhan

    2009-01-01

    In this Letter, by following Zhang et al.'s method, a recurrent neural network (termed as Zhang neural network, ZNN) is developed and analyzed for solving online the time-varying convex quadratic-programming problem subject to time-varying linear-equality constraints. Different from conventional gradient-based neural networks (GNN), such a ZNN model makes full use of the time-derivative information of time-varying coefficient. The resultant ZNN model is theoretically proved to have global exponential convergence to the time-varying theoretical optimal solution of the investigated time-varying convex quadratic program. Computer-simulation results further substantiate the effectiveness, efficiency and novelty of such ZNN model and method.

  4. Finite-size effects in the short-time height distribution of the Kardar-Parisi-Zhang equation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Naftali R.; Meerson, Baruch; Sasorov, Pavel

    2018-02-01

    We use the optimal fluctuation method to evaluate the short-time probability distribution P(H, L, t) of height at a single point, H=h(x=0, t) , of the evolving Kardar-Parisi-Zhang (KPZ) interface h(x, t) on a ring of length 2L. The process starts from a flat interface. At short times typical (small) height fluctuations are unaffected by the KPZ nonlinearity and belong to the Edwards-Wilkinson universality class. The nonlinearity, however, strongly affects the (asymmetric) tails of P(H) . At large L/\\sqrt{t} the faster-decaying tail has a double structure: it is L-independent, -\\lnP˜≤ft\\vert H\\right\\vert 5/2/t1/2 , at intermediately large \\vert H\\vert , and L-dependent, -\\lnP˜ ≤ft\\vert H\\right\\vert 2L/t , at very large \\vert H\\vert . The transition between these two regimes is sharp and, in the large L/\\sqrt{t} limit, behaves as a fractional-order phase transition. The transition point H=Hc+ depends on L/\\sqrt{t} . At small L/\\sqrt{t} , the double structure of the faster tail disappears, and only the very large-H tail, -\\lnP˜ ≤ft\\vert H\\right\\vert 2L/t , is observed. The slower-decaying tail does not show any L-dependence at large L/\\sqrt{t} , where it coincides with the slower tail of the GOE Tracy-Widom distribution. At small L/\\sqrt{t} this tail also has a double structure. The transition between the two regimes occurs at a value of height H=Hc- which depends on L/\\sqrt{t} . At L/\\sqrt{t} \\to 0 the transition behaves as a mean-field-like second-order phase transition. At \\vert H\\vert c-\\vert the slower tail behaves as -\\lnP˜ ≤ft\\vert H\\right\\vert 2L/t , whereas at \\vert H\\vert >\\vert H_c-\\vert it coincides with the slower tail of the GOE Tracy-Widom distribution.

  5. Market Feasibility of Burberry and Gucci in Zhang Jiagang City, P.R China : Case: Introduce a New Luxury Brand into Kelly Mall

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Ning; Wu, Youran

    2012-01-01

    With the rapid development of Chinese economy, wealth has spread from largest coastal cities to smaller cities and luxury stores have started to follow. Kelly Mall is the largest high-end department store situated in Zhang Jiagang City, Jiangsu Province, P.R China. This research aims to figure out if Kelly Mall should introduce a new luxury brand, help-ing Kelly Mall’s board members make decision on taking either Burberry or Gucci or both of them into its luxury department. Theoretical framew...

  6. When fast and slow interfaces grow together: Connection to the half-space problem of the Kardar-Parisi-Zhang class

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ito, Yasufumi; Takeuchi, Kazumasa A.

    2018-04-01

    We study height fluctuations of interfaces in the (1 +1 ) -dimensional Kardar-Parisi-Zhang (KPZ) class, growing at different speeds in the left half and the right half of space. Carrying out simulations of the discrete polynuclear growth model with two different growth rates, combined with the standard setting for the droplet, flat, and stationary geometries, we find that the fluctuation properties at and near the boundary are described by the KPZ half-space problem developed in the theoretical literature. In particular, in the droplet case, the distribution at the boundary is given by the largest-eigenvalue distribution of random matrices in the Gaussian symplectic ensemble, often called the GSE Tracy-Widom distribution. We also characterize crossover from the full-space statistics to the half-space one, which arises when the difference between the two growth speeds is small.

  7. 论张洁小说女性三种形态的身体%On the Three Forms of Female Body in Zhang Jie’s Novels

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄晓娟; 邱慧婷

    2016-01-01

    Zhang Jie,the only female writer having been twice awarded the Mao Dun Literature Awards, has been focusing on the destiny of female character and broadening the way of portraying females. Different forms of female body presented in her novel represented her reflection on female destiny and patriarchal culture in different dimensions.Her exploring,constructing and pursuing of the ideal female personality can be found in her analysis of different forms of female body such as the feminized body,the suffering body and the masculinized body,which can also be contributed to the understanding of Zhang Jie’s literary world and her reflections on the harmony between the sexes.%张洁是中国文坛唯一两次获得“茅盾文学奖”的女作家,一直致力于女性命运的关照和女性写作视野的开拓。她小说中的女性呈现出不同的身体形态,代表着作者对女性命运和男权文化不同维度的思考。通过雌化的身体、承受的身体和雄化的身体等不同形态身体的探析,可以发现张洁对理想女性人格积极探寻和建构追求的过程,有助于深入认知张洁的文学世界及其对两性和谐的思考。

  8. Retraction RETRACTION of "Tumor necrosis factor alpha gene -308G>A polymorphism association with the risk of esophageal cancer in a Han Chinese population" by H. Zhao, H.W. Zhang, T. Zhang and X.M. Gu - Genet. Mol. Res. 15 (2): gmr.15025866 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4238/gmr.15025866.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, H; Zhang, H W; Zhang, T; Gu, X M

    2016-10-07

    The retracted article is: Zhao H, Zhang HW, Zhang T and Gu XM (2016). Tumor necrosis factor alpha gene -308G>A polymorphism association with the risk of esophageal cancer in a Han Chinese population. Genet. Mol. Res. 15: gmr.15025866. Two major concerns were found in this article. Firstly, it was found to be substantially equal to the article "Tumor necrosis factor-alpha gene -308G > A polymorphism alters the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma in a Han Chinese population" published in the Diagnostic Pathology Diagnostic Pathology (2014) 9: 199, by Feng et al.; licensee BioMed Central. 2014 - DOI: 10.1186/s13000-014-0199-3. Secondly, the authors do not discuss limitations of their approaches in the discussion. The discussion is largely an elaboration of the literature in the introduction part. However, even in that context, the discussion does not appropriately review the literature and there are frequent references to conclusions that are not supported by the cited literature. The GMR editorial staff was alerted and after a thorough investigation, there is strong reason to believe that the peer review process was failure. Also, after review and contacting the authors, the editors of Genetics and Molecular Research decided to retract this article in accordance with the recommendations of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). The authors and their institutions were advised of this serious breach of ethics.

  9. Effects of heavy metals and light levels on the biosynthesis of carotenoids and fatty acids in the macroalgae Gracilaria tenuistipitata (var. liui Zhang & Xia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ernani Pinto

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available We present here the effect of heavy metals and of different light intensities on the biosynthesis of fatty acids and pigments in the macroalga Gracilaria tenuistipitata (var. liui Zhang & Xia. In order to verify the fatty acid content, gas chromatography with flame ionization detection (GC-FID was employed. Pigments (major carotenoids and chlorophyl-a were monitored by liquid chromatography with diode array detection (HPLC-DAD. Cultures of G. tenuistipitata were exposed to cadmium (Cd2+, 200 ppb and copper (Cu2+, 200 ppb, as well as to different light conditions (low light: 100 µmol.photons.m-2.s-1, or high light: 1000 µmol.photons.m-2.s-1. Cd2+ and Cu2+ increased the saturated and monounsaturated fatty acid content [14:0, 16:0, 18:0, 18:1 (n-7 and 18:1 (n-9] and all major pigments (violaxanthin, antheraxanthin, lutein, zeaxanthin, chlorophyll-a and β-carotene. Both heavy metals decreased the levels of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA [18:2 (n-6, 18:3 (n-6, 18:5 (n-4, 20:4 (n-6, 20:5 (n-3, 22:6 (n-3]. G. tenuistipitata cultures were exposed to high light intensity for five days and no statistically significant differences were observed in the content of fatty acids. On the other hand, the levels of pigments rose markedly for chlorophyll-a and all of the carotenoids studied.

  10. Zhang Enzhao: A Fallen Banker

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiao Long

    2006-01-01

    @@ In China, bank governors belong to one of the celebrity business,men clubs that enjoy great power.Entrepreneurs are always happy to know them, as a good relationship with the bankers can normally bring advantages when applying for loans. The close ties between entrepreneurs and bankers also generate risks, however, and the banking industry has proven to be one of the most risk-laden places in terms of corruptions and fund embezzlements.

  11. Aasia: missioon "Hiina" / Xiaotian Zhang

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Zhang, Xiaotian

    2011-01-01

    Hiina ja Põhjamaade ärisuhete pikk ajalugu. Eesti, Soome, Rootsi ja Hiina koostööprogramm BENCH (Beneficial Business Relations between the Central Baltic Region and China, 2007-2013). Diagramm "Soome, Rootsi ja Eesti Kaubavahetus Hiinaga"

  12. Assessing the Resolution Adaptability of the Zhang-McFarlane Cumulus Parameterization With Spatial and Temporal Averaging: RESOLUTION ADAPTABILITY OF ZM SCHEME

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yun, Yuxing [Atmospheric Sciences and Global Change Division, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland WA USA; State Key Laboratory of Severe Weather, Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences, Beijing China; Fan, Jiwen [Atmospheric Sciences and Global Change Division, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland WA USA; Xiao, Heng [Atmospheric Sciences and Global Change Division, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland WA USA; Zhang, Guang J. [Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego CA USA; Ghan, Steven J. [Atmospheric Sciences and Global Change Division, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland WA USA; Xu, Kuan-Man [NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton VA USA; Ma, Po-Lun [Atmospheric Sciences and Global Change Division, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland WA USA; Gustafson, William I. [Atmospheric Sciences and Global Change Division, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland WA USA

    2017-11-01

    Realistic modeling of cumulus convection at fine model resolutions (a few to a few tens of km) is problematic since it requires the cumulus scheme to adapt to higher resolution than they were originally designed for (~100 km). To solve this problem, we implement the spatial averaging method proposed in Xiao et al. (2015) and also propose a temporal averaging method for the large-scale convective available potential energy (CAPE) tendency in the Zhang-McFarlane (ZM) cumulus parameterization. The resolution adaptability of the original ZM scheme, the scheme with spatial averaging, and the scheme with both spatial and temporal averaging at 4-32 km resolution is assessed using the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model, by comparing with Cloud Resolving Model (CRM) results. We find that the original ZM scheme has very poor resolution adaptability, with sub-grid convective transport and precipitation increasing significantly as the resolution increases. The spatial averaging method improves the resolution adaptability of the ZM scheme and better conserves the total transport of moist static energy and total precipitation. With the temporal averaging method, the resolution adaptability of the scheme is further improved, with sub-grid convective precipitation becoming smaller than resolved precipitation for resolution higher than 8 km, which is consistent with the results from the CRM simulation. Both the spatial distribution and time series of precipitation are improved with the spatial and temporal averaging methods. The results may be helpful for developing resolution adaptability for other cumulus parameterizations that are based on quasi-equilibrium assumption.

  13. A combined physiological and proteomic approach to reveal lactic-acid-induced alterations in Lactobacillus casei Zhang and its mutant with enhanced lactic acid tolerance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Chongde; Zhang, Juan; Chen, Wei; Wang, Miao; Du, Guocheng; Chen, Jian

    2012-01-01

    Lactobacillus casei has traditionally been recognized as a probiotic and frequently used as an adjunct culture in fermented dairy products, where acid stress is an environmental condition commonly encountered. In the present study, we carried out a comparative physiological and proteomic study to investigate lactic-acid-induced alterations in Lactobacillus casei Zhang (WT) and its acid-resistant mutant. Analysis of the physiological data showed that the mutant exhibited 33.8% higher glucose phosphoenolpyruvate:sugar phosphotransferase system activity and lower glycolytic pH compared with the WT under acidic conditions. In addition, significant differences were detected in both cells during acid stress between intracellular physiological state, including intracellular pH, H(+)-ATPase activity, and intracellular ATP pool. Comparison of the proteomic data based on 2D-DIGE and i-TRAQ indicated that acid stress invoked a global change in both strains. The mutant protected the cells against acid damage by regulating the expression of key proteins involved in cellular metabolism, DNA replication, RNA synthesis, translation, and some chaperones. Proteome results were validated by Lactobacillus casei displaying higher intracellular aspartate and arginine levels, and the survival at pH 3.3 was improved 1.36- and 2.10-fold by the addition of 50-mM aspartate and arginine, respectively. To our knowledge, this is the first demonstration that aspartate may be involved in acid tolerance in Lactobacillus casei. Results presented here may help us understand acid resistance mechanisms and help formulate new strategies to enhance the industrial applications of this species.

  14. Analysis of Liu Zhiji Theory of Historians' and Zhang Xuecheng' s Cultivation Comparison%刘知几与章学诚的史家修养理论比较研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董传岭

    2012-01-01

    Liu Zhiji and Zhang Xuecheng are famous for their historical theory in ancient China. They all put forward the theory of historian historians' cultivation which has important sense to improve historian self-cultivation and historical development. Liu Zhiji argued that historians should have "ability, learning, knowledge", Zhang Xuecheng further put forward historian moral on the basis of the Liu Zhiji~s theory,enriched and developed the theory of the historians~ cultiva- tion. They all emphasize "ability,learning, knowledge", Liu Zhiji emphasize "knowledge" mostly, but Zhang Xuecheng relied heavily on "moral". Comparison and analysis on Liu Zhiji and Zhang Xuecheng's theory of self-cultivation,not only enable us to find their theories difference, under- standing the theory deeply, but also has certain enlightenment function on the contemporary historiography development.%我国古代史学理论大家刘知几、章学诚均提出了有关史家修养的理论,刘知几认为史家应具备"才、学、识",章学诚在继承刘知几史家修养理论的基础上,进一步提出"史德",丰富和发展了史家修养理论。刘知几、章学诚均重视"才、学、识",但刘知几最重"史识",章学诚尤重"史德"。比较和分析二者的史家修养理论,不仅能使我们发现他们理论的异同,深刻理解史家修养理论,而且对当今史学发展也具有一定的启示功用。

  15. Tongxinluo (Tong xin luo or Tong-xin-luo) capsule for unstable angina pectoris.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Taixiang; Harrison, R A; Chen, Xiaoyan; Ni, Juan; Zhou, Likun; Qiao, Jieqi; Wang, Qin; Wei, Jiafu; Xin, Duan; Zheng, Jie

    2006-10-18

    Tongxinluo capsule is a medicine consisting of traditional Chinese herbs and insects used for cardiovascular diseases in China and some other Asian countries. To date the evidence of its effect has not previously been subject to systematic review, making it difficult to derive robust conclusions about its actual benefits, and indeed, possible harms. To assess systematically the effects of tongxinluo capsule in people with unstable angina pectoris. We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) on The Cochrane Library, Issue 4 2004, MEDLINE, EMBASE, Chinese Biomedical Database, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Japana Centra Revuo Medicina (all 1995 to 2005). We also handsearched the relevant Chinese journals, checked with manufacturers and registers of ongoing studies. Randomised trials comparing either tongxinluo capsule only or standard treatment plus tongxinluo capsule with standard treatment or other anti-angina pectoris drugs, placebo or no intervention. Two authors identified relevant studies for the review independently and went on to abstract data, and assess trial quality. Authors of included studies were contacted to obtain further information as required. 18 short term follow-up trials involving 1413 people were included. The studies did not provide strong support of a benefit of tongxinluo for reducing the combined outcome of acute myocardial infarction, angioplasty (PTCA) coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) and sudden death or all-cause mortality (RR 0.42, 95% CI 0.07 to 2.59, P=0.35; RR 0.33, 95% CI 0.01to 7.78, P=0.49, respectively). Tongxinluo reduced the frequency of acute angina attacks (WMD -1.20, 95%CI -1.38 to -1.02, P<0.00001 and RR -2.36, 95%CI -2.53 to -2.18, P<0.00001, respectively), improved ECG (RR 1.31, 95% CI 1.08 to 1.57, P=0.005) and angina symptoms (RR 1.21, 95% CI 1.06 to 1.40; P=0.007). Tongxinluo in combination with routine angina therapy appears to reduce the risk of subsequent AMI, PTCA or CABG, angina attacks and severity, as well as improving symptoms and ischaemic changes on the electrocardiogram (ECG). Due to the methodological limitations of the studies, the evidence is insufficient to make any conclusive recommendations about the use of this treatment for patients presenting with unstable angina. Large high quality randomised controlled trials are warranted.

  16. Journal of Genetics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Genetics. HUAICHAO LUO. Articles written in Journal of Genetics. Volume 96 Issue 6 December 2017 pp 985-992 RESEARCH ARTICLE. Genetic variants influencing lipid levels and risk of dyslipidemia in Chinese population · HUAICHAO LUO XUEPING ZHANG PING SHUAI YUANYING MIAO ...

  17. Journal of Chemical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Chemical Sciences. Mei Luo. Articles written in Journal of Chemical Sciences. Volume 127 Issue 1 January 2015 pp 163-166 Regular Articles. Efficient one-pot synthesis of 2-oxazolines from benzoylacetonitrile and -aminoalcohols mediated by ZnCl2 · Mei Luo Jing Cheng Zhang Hao Yin.

  18. African Journal of Biotechnology - Vol 11, No 41 (2012)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Lenaldo Muniz de Oliveira, Nayra da Silva Negreiros Cardoso, Luzimar Gonzaga .... Ju-Hong Zhang, Jian-Ying Guo, Jing-Yuan Xia, Fang-Hao Wan, 9873-9880 ... Zhu Xiao-yan, Chang Shu-juan, Zhang Ying-jun, Luo Hai-ling, 9894-9905.

  19. Proteomic identification of CIB1 as a potential diagnostic factor in ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Proteomic identification of CIB1 as a potential diagnostic factor in hepatocellular carcinoma. Tong Junrong Zhou Huancheng H E Feng Gao Yi Yang Xiaoqin Luo Zhengmao Zhang Hong Zeng Jianying Wang Yin Huang Yuanhang Zhang Jianlin Sun Longhua He Guolin. Articles Volume 36 Issue 4 September 2011 pp 659- ...

  20. Journal of Genetics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Genetics. XUEPING ZHANG. Articles written in Journal of Genetics. Volume 96 Issue 6 December 2017 pp 985-992 RESEARCH ARTICLE. Genetic variants influencing lipid levels and risk of dyslipidemia in Chinese population · HUAICHAO LUO XUEPING ZHANG PING SHUAI YUANYING MIAO ...

  1. 张綖《诗余图谱》词调论刍议%A Elementary Analysis on the Theory of Ci-poetry Tune of Zhang Yan's Shiyu Tupu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张海涛

    2012-01-01

    Zhang Yan's Shiyu Tupu is the stereotyped works which shows that Ci-poetry started to depend on metrical(closely related to poetry) instead of temperament(closely related to music).One important symbol is his exploration on the tune of ci-poetry.He was not only the first one that divided the tune of Ci-poetry into three types,but also a research pioneer doing on issues such as"one tune but different names"and"one tune but different styles".What Zhangyan did laid a solid foundation for further study of future generationgs.%张綖的《诗余图谱》是词由音律向格律转变的定型之作,其中一个重要标志便是其对于词调的探讨。该书不仅首创了词调三分法,而且对同调异名和一调多体等问题皆有开拓之功,为后人的进一步研究打下了坚实的基础。

  2. FAST Maser Surveys J. S. Zhang

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    nese institutions and industries and the first light is expected to be in 2016. FAST ... tem, extragalactic pulsar, high redshift megamasers and radio signals from exoplan- ets (Nan et al. ... Since OH maser emission was detected in galactic molecular clouds in 1960s. (Weaver ... OH maser (other three lines are weak or absent).

  3. DONG JIE Zhang, LIANG Wang, ZHON

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    User

    development, hairless nude skin, and short life (Abitbol et al., 2015; Bryson et al., 2013). On the ... Foxn1 maintains TECs to support T-cell development via mcm2 ... were ligated upstream of the firefly luciferase gene in the plasmid pGL3-Basic.

  4. FAST Maser Surveys J. S. Zhang

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    are found to be closely associated with ultra-compact HII regions, embedded IR sources, hot molecular cores, Herbig-Haro objects, and outflows etc., which can be used to probe star formation. And OH masers in circumstellar envelopes (cir- cumstellar masers) were found to be related to outflowing and cool winds from the.

  5. Generation Mechanism of Alternans in Luo-Rudy Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kitajima, Hiroyuki; Ioka, Eri; Yazawa, Toru

    Electrical alternans is the alternating amplitude from beat to beat in the action potential of the cardiac cell. It has been associated with ventricular arrhythmias in many clinical studies; however, its dynamical mechanisms remain unknown. The reason is that we do not have realistic network models of the heart system. Recently, Yazawa clarified the network structure of the heart and the central nerve system in the crustacean heart. In this study, we construct a simple model of the heart system based on Yazawa’s experimental data. Using this model, we clarify that two parameters (the conductance of sodium ions and free concentration of potassium ions in the extracellular compartment) play the key roles of generating alternans. In particular, we clarify that the inactivation gate of the time-independent potassium channel is the most important parameter. Moreover, interaction between the membrane potential and potassium ionic currents is significant for generating alternate rhythms. This result indicates that if the muscle cell has problems such as channelopathies, there is great risk of generating alternans.

  6. O Nyarwath The Luo Care for Widows _Lako_ and Contemporary ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    O Nyarwath

    duties of a dead husband (Kayongo-Male and Onyango 1984, 70; Nyarwath 1994b), ..... as an institution that commoditizes women, all for their domination and ..... occur fails in its collective duty to protect the household of a deceased member.

  7. Retraction RETRACTION of "Association between polymorphisms in the XRCC1 gene and the risk of non-small cell lung cancer", by Han JC, Zhang YJ and Li XD - Genet. Mol. Res. 14 (4): 12888-12893 (2015).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, J C; Zhang, Y J; Li, X D

    2016-10-07

    The retracted article is: Han JC, Zhang YJ and Li XD (2015). Association between polymorphisms in the XRCC1 gene and the risk of non-small cell lung cancer. Genet. Mol. Res. 14: 12888-12893. The GMR editorial staff was alerted about this article (received on May 3, 2015; accepted on August 18, 2015) published on October 21, 2015 (DOI: 10.4238/2015.October.21.9) that was found to be substantially similar to the publication of "Association of XRCC1 gene polymorphisms with risk of non-small cell lung cancer" (received on January 25, 2015; accepted on March 23, 2015; e-published on April 1, 2015) by Kang et al., published in the International Journal of Clinical Experimental Pathology 8 (4): 4171-4176. The authors were aware of the Kang et al.'s paper, since they cite it several times in the manuscript published in GMR. Some of the language is similar between the two manuscripts, but what is the most concerning is that several of the tables in the papers are nearly identical. Tables 2 and 3 are exactly identical between the two articles, suggesting that the publication in GMR was plagiarized from the publication in the International Journal of Clinical Experimental Pathology. The Publisher and Editor decided to retract these articles in accordance with the recommendations of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). After a thorough investigation, we have strong reason to believe that the peer review process was failure and, after review and contacting the authors, the editors of Genetics and Molecular Research decided to retract the article. The authors and their institutions were advised of this serious breach of ethics.

  8. Several Common Grounds of Liu Zhi-ji and Zhang Xue-cheng in Their Historical Criticism%刘知幾与章学诚史学批评理论中的几个共通面向

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张泓林; 毕兵

    2014-01-01

    Liu Zhiji’ s General History and Zhang Xuecheng ’ s General Principles of Literature and History born several common grounds in historical philosophy such as the relationship between history and literature , the principles and the methods of historical criticism and the self-cultivation of historians .They were particularly complementary and rever-berant in terms of recording the truth without fear or favor , viewing history dialectically and having an insight into the society and human being , thus pioneering a wide range of topics on the research of history and historical philosophy . Meanwhile , by putting forward concepts from the “three accomplishments of historians” to“historians ’ morality” and the “duty” of historians themselves , they not only provided the standard for the historians themselves , but also provid-ed a reference standard for later historians to continue to reflect and improve their self -cultivation .%章学诚的《文史通义》与刘知幾的《史通》在史文关系、史学批评原则与方法、史家自身修养上的总结达到了史学理论的共通面向,尤其是双方在秉笔直书、辨证史义、论世知人等方面的史学批评理论的互补与融合,为后世史学、史学理论的发展开辟了广阔的研究领域。同时,二人关于“史学三长”到“史德”概念的发展衍变及对史家自身“天职”问题的探讨,不仅为史家自身批评素养理论提供了准绳,更是为后世史家不断反思和提高自身修养提供了参考标准。

  9. Reply to the comment by Q.Q. Qiao et al. on ;Cenozoic tectonic deformation and uplift of the South Tian Shan: Implications from magnetostratigraphy and balanced cross-section restoration of the Kuqa depression; by Tao Zhang, Xiaomin Fang, Chunhui Song, Erwin Appel, and Yadong Wang [Tectonophysics, 2014, doi:10.1016/j.tecto.2014.04.044

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Tao; Fang, Xiaomin; Song, Chunhui; Appel, Erwin; Wang, Yadong

    2017-07-01

    Qiao et al. (2016) commented on our work (Zhang et al., 2014) and rejected our reinterpretation of the magnetostratigraphic results of Huang et al. (2006) and Li et al. (2006), with the results gained using the Dynamic Time Warping Algorithm technique (DTWAT) as their main basis. However, Qiao et al. (2016) did not provide details of their modeling inputs, and, in particular, the parameters they chose for their calculations, where such parameters can have a serious impact upon any results. We therefore performed calculations using the same software (i.e., Qupydon) as Qiao et al. (2016), using reliable parameter settings. The results showed that the ;interesting correlation; of a 6000 minimum cost output completely correlate with the magnetostratigraphic Chrons C18r to C3An.1n ( 40-6 Ma), which is consistent with our reinterpreted magnetostratigraphic results. Furthermore, we summarized previous biostratigraphic studies of nearby areas; the data resulting from this process also supported our reinterpreted magnetostratigraphic correlation. We were therefore able to confirm the revised magnetostratigraphic correlation of Zhang et al. (2014).

  10. Functional Analysis of Frequent Lung Cancer Amplicons Under Current Genome Annotation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-12-01

    Zhang, Z., Wang, T., Winter, D., Keefe , D., Birney, E., Iyer, V. R., Lieb, J. D., Crawford, G. E., Li, G., Sandhu, K. S., Zheng, M., Wang, P., Luo, O...Herrero, J., Johnson, N., Keefe , D., Lukk, M., Luscombe, N. M., Sobral, D., Vaquerizas, J. M., Wilder, S. P., Batzoglou, S., Sidow, A., Hussami, N

  11. Necessary and sufficient conditions for the quantum Zeno and anti-Zeno effect

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Atmanspacher, Harald; Ehm, Werner; Gneiting, Tilmann

    2003-01-01

    A necessary and sufficient condition for the occurrence of the quantum Zeno effect is given, refining a recent conjecture of Luo, Wang and Zhang. An analogous condition is derived for the quantum anti-Zeno effect. Both results rely on a formal connection between the quantum (anti-)Zeno effect and the weak law of large numbers

  12. Effects of traditional Chinese medicine on rats with Type II diabetes ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Effects of traditional Chinese medicine on rats with Type II diabetes induced by high-fat diet and streptozotocin: A urine metabonomic study. H Zhao, Z Li, G Tian, K Gao, Li Zhiyong, B Zhao, J Wang, L Luo, Q Pan, W Zhang, Z Wu, J Chen, W Wang ...

  13. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 201 - 250 of 2037 ... Vol 14, No 11 (2015), Antibacterial Activity and Mode of Action of Mentha arvensis Ethanol Extract against Multidrug-Resistant Acinetobacter baumannii, Abstract PDF. Ling Zhang, Shu-gen Xu, Wei Liang, Jun Mei, Yue-ying Di, Hui-hua Lan, Yan Yang, Wei-wei Wang, Yuan-yuan Luo, Hou-zhao Wang.

  14. Formation of Sphere-like Au Nanoparticles on Substrate with Laser Illumination and Their Surface Plasmon Behaviors

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-17

    depends on the material type of the substrate and the metal melting temperature. Based on the reaction -free theory, the contact angle of an Au...Luo, Q.; Zhang, X. Nano Lett. 2004, 4, 1085-1088. (13) Maillard , M.; Huang, P.; Brus, L. Nano Lett. 2003, 3, 1611-1615. (14) Jin, R.; Cao, Y. C.; Hao

  15. Journal of Genetics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Genetics. YUANYING MIAO. Articles written in Journal of Genetics. Volume 96 Issue 6 December 2017 pp 985-992 RESEARCH ARTICLE. Genetic variants influencing lipid levels and risk of dyslipidemia in Chinese population · HUAICHAO LUO XUEPING ZHANG PING SHUAI YUANYING MIAO ...

  16. 从张小夫《诺日朗》的音响变化过程看电子音乐作品中的声音演变方式%The Evolution of Sound in Electronic Music Works by Taking Zhang Xiaofu's Norlong as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    骈韵頔

    2013-01-01

    张小夫以中国深厚的历史文化、传统的声乐、器乐为依托,利用自己丰富的电子音乐技术手段,创作了大量具有强烈中国民族气息的现代电子音乐作品,其中《诺日朗》是其最优秀的作品之一。本文通过仔细分析作品《诺日朗》的音乐发展过程以及作品中主要的三种素材类型,来探讨电子音乐作品中核心素材的演变方式,并以此论证张小夫注重“技术性”与“可听性”、“民族性”三者相结合的创作理念。%With Chinese history and culture , traditional vocal music and instruments as the foundation , Zhang Xiaofu has pro-duced a lot of electronic music works with Chinese style by taking advantage of much electronic music technology .Norlong is one of his best works .The thesis analyses the music developing process and three different material types in this music in detail to discuss the evolution of core material in the works of electronic music and prove Zhang Xiaofu's creative idea of the combination of "technology","audibility"and "nationality"in music.

  17. Identification of sugarcane interspecies hybrids with RAPDs | Zhang ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    African Journal of Biotechnology. Journal Home · ABOUT THIS JOURNAL · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives · Journal Home > Vol 7, No 8 (2008) >. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.

  18. Scheduling irrigation for jujube ( Ziziphus jujuba Mill. ) | Zhang ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This study was performed to select suitable indicator for scheduling the irrigation of jujube (Ziziphus jujuba Mill.) grown in the Loess Plateau. The relationships between plant-based indicators and soil matrix potential as well as meteorological factors of jujube under deficit irrigation compared with well irrigation were ...

  19. Why Tu Youyou Makes Less Money Than Zhang Ziyi?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suo, Qinghui; Liu, Yang; Zhang, Daming

    2017-08-01

    Scientists normally earn less money than many other professions which require a similar amount of training and qualification. The economic theory of marginal utility and cost-benefit analysis can be applied to explain this phenomenon. Although scientists make less money than entertainment stars, the scientists do research work out of their interest and they also enjoy a much higher reputation and social status in some countries.

  20. Canonical Ensemble Model for Black Hole Radiation Jingyi Zhang

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Canonical Ensemble Model for Black Hole Radiation. 575. For entropy, there is no corresponding thermodynamical quantity, without loss of generalization. Let us define an entropy operator. ˆS = −KB ln ˆρ. (11). Then, the mean value of entropy is. S ≡〈ˆS〉 = tr( ˆρ ˆS) = −KBtr( ˆρ ln ˆρ). (12). For ideal gases, let y = V , then the ...

  1. By: Kenny Zhang Report Type: Final Technical Report *Date

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Kenny Zhang

    2014-05-30

    May 30, 2014 ... Dr. David Zweig, Chair Professor, Division of Social Science, Hong Kong ... Keith Godin, Director, BC Ministry of Jobs, Tourism and Innovation, Keith. ..... 23) Media reports often quoted researchers of the project on stories ...

  2. Biological advances in Bergenia genus plant | Zhang | African ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Bergenia, a genus belonging to Saxifragaceae family, is one of the most important medicinal plants, has high application values for human. Currently, wild Bergenia is becoming lacking, due to destruction of ecological environment and excessive excavation; furthermore, the study on it is not deep enough, many related ...

  3. Factors affecting soil erosion in Beijing mountain forestlands | Zhang ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The role of regions, vegetation types and forest stand density in controlling soil erosion were investigated in Beijing mountain forest, China. The main objective was to develop some models to estimate soil erosion under different forest conditions including regions, vegetation type, and stand density as influenced by artificial ...

  4. C. Huang , G. Zhao , HW Zhang & YQ Chen

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    the host stars' birth cloud with higher abundance of Si will make the cloud ... with the metallicity distribution of nearby field F, G, or K stars which are known to .... In the early stage of planetesimal accumulation, the rate of growth of planetesimal.

  5. A Framework and Specific Operation of Chinese Indigenous Leadership Research Based on the Research about ZHANG Ruimin%中国本土领导研究的一种框架及操作:基于张瑞敏个案的研究过程示例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐立国; 席酉民; 葛京; 宋合义

    2012-01-01

    基于对中国本土领导的界定与分析,提出中国本土领导研究的一种框架及操作,即从“领导如何成长、如何发挥作用及领导的本质”3个开放性问题出发,基于质性研究策略,采用以问题导向的探索性建构主义扎根理论方法,对中国本土领导数据进行搜集与整理.借鉴POPPER的4段式科学研究逻辑,对数据进行分析,不断地对问题进行诠释,并发现新的问题,从不断的循环中建构构念,发掘潜在的扎根理论,与现有领导理论进行对比,最终形成中国本土领导理论.%Chinese unique history and culture determine that practice and research of Chinese indigenous leadership are unique. Based on the definition and analysis of Chinese indigenous leadership research, we propose a framework and specific operation of Chinese indigenous leadership research. From three open-ended questions, based on qualitative research, using problem-oriented exploratory constructive grounded theory, we collect and sort out the data of Chinese indigenous leadership research. Following Popper's Four-scientific logic, we analyze the data, and interpret problems continuously, find new problems, construct constructs from the continuous interpreting circle, explore the potential of grounded theory, and compare with the existing leadership theories to form Chinese indigenous leadership theories. Based on the case of ZHANG Ruimin, we use the framework and specific operation and present the specific research venation of Chinese indigenous leadership research.

  6. San luo xuan mo xing ji qi liang hua fen zhi fang fa yan tao

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ye, Y.; Leydesdorff, L.; Wu, Y.

    2014-01-01

    A discussed study on the Triple Helix with its quantitative analysis method. With brief introduction to background and progress of Triple-Helix(TH) researches, it is clarified that TH quantitative methodology focuses on the indicator of synergy (T) as reduction of uncertainty that can be shaped

  7. Liikehuoneiston ikkunateippaus luo ensivaikutelman yrityksestä : analyysissä 100 turkulaista ikkunateippausta

    OpenAIRE

    Pettersson, Niki

    2017-01-01

    Tämän opinnäytetyön tavoitteena on selvittää mitä asioita graafisen suunnittelijan tulee ottaa huomioon ikkunateippauksia suunnitellessa. Tarkoituksena on perehtyä visuaalisen markkinoinnin teoriaan sekä käydä läpi ikkunateippauksen työvaiheita ja paikallisia trendejä.Tutkimusta tehdään graafisen suunnittelijan näkökulmasta, jolla ei ole aikaisempaa tietämystä teippausalasta. Opinnäytetyöni ensimmäisessä osassa avaan visuaalista markkinointia sekä ikkunateippausta käsitteinä, käyn lyhyest...

  8. Vitamin A content of traditional leafy vegetables consumed by the Luo people of western Kenya

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Orech, Francis O.; Jensen, Søren Krogh; Friis, H.

    2011-01-01

    and analyse traditional, leafy vegetables for pro-vitamin A carotenoids and tocopherols. A total of 15 domesticated and 36 wild traditional leafy vegetable species were collected and analysed. The species that contained the highest amounts of -carotene, lutein and -tocopherol was Erythrococca bongensis Pax (5.......3, 60.7 and 220.7 mg/kg DM, respectively). The results showed that wild plant species generally contained higher levels of pro-vitamin A carotenoids than the domesticated vegetable species and varieties. The study concluded that traditional, leafy vegetables (domesticated and wild) have the potential...

  9. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Hot subdwarf stars in LAMOST DR1 (Luo+, 2016)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luo, Y.-P.; Nemeth, P.; Liu, C.; Deng, L.-C.; Han, Z.-W.

    2018-01-01

    We present a catalog of 166 spectroscopically identified hot subdwarf stars from LAMOST DR1, 44 of which show the characteristics of cool companions in their optical spectra. Atmospheric parameters of 122 subdwarf stars with non-composite spectra were measured by fitting the profiles of hydrogen (H) and helium (He) lines with synthetic spectra from non-LTE model atmospheres. A unique property of our sample is that it covers a large range in apparent magnitude and galactic latitude, therefore it contains a mix of stars from different populations and galactic environments. (3 data files).

  10. Semi-Metallic Be5C2 Monolayer Global Minimum with Quasi-Planar Pentacoordinate Carbons and Negative Poissons Ratio (Open Access Publisher’s Version)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-05-03

    silicene47,48. It is noteworthy that Be has toxic properties and the chemical vapour deposition synthesis usually requires high temperature; hence, special...2007). 28. Zhang, C. J., Sun, W. X. & Cao, Z. X. Zigzag boron -carbon nanotubes with quasi-planar tetracoordinate carbons. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130, 5638...Probing the planar tetra-, penta-, and hexacoordinate Carbon in carbon- boron mixed clusters. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130, 2580–2592 (2008). 44. Luo, X. et

  11. Monolithic Hierarchical Fractal Assemblies of Silica Nanoparticles Cross-Linked with Polynorbornene via ROMP: A Structure-Property Correlation from Molecular to Bulk through Nano

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-23

    285. (4) (a) Leventis, N.; Vassilaras, P.; Fabrizio, E. F.; Dass , A. J. Mater. Chem. 2007, 17, 1502−1508. (b) Leventis, N.; Sotiriou-Leventis, C.; Mulik...S.; Dass , A.; Schnobrich, J.; Hobbs, A.; Fabrizio, E. F.; Luo, H.; Churu, G.; Zhang, Y.; Lu, H. J. Mater. Chem. 2008, 18, 2475−2482. (c) Leventis, N...V.; Coder, D.; Loy, D. A. Chem. Mater. 2008, 20, 2845−2847. (12) Zhang, G.; Dass , A.; Rawashdeh, A-M. M.; Thomas, J.; Counsil, J. A.; Sotiriou

  12. Computer‐Assisted Library Instruction and Face‐to‐Face Library Instruction Prove Equally Effective for Teaching Basic Library Skills in Academic Libraries. A review of: Zhang, Li, Watson, Erin M. and Banfield, Laura. ʺThe Efficacy of Computer‐Assisted Instruction Versus Face‐to‐Face Instruction in Academic Libraries: A Systematic Review.ʺ The Journal of Academic Librarianship 33.4 (July 2007: 478‐484.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephanie Walker

    2008-03-01

    , and case studies, with a sample size greater than one and with pre‐ and post‐test measurements;study participants had to be academic library patrons; the study needed to compare CAI and face‐to‐face instruction; and both the students’ information skills and reactions to the instruction had to be measured. This left 40 unique studies, which were then retrieved in full text. Next, studies were selected to meet the inclusion criteria further using the QUOROM format, a reporting structure used for improving the quality of reports of meta‐analyses of randomised trials (Moher et al 1896‐1900. Evaluation of methodological quality was then done using a dual method: authors Watson and Zhang assessed the studies independently, each using the “Checklist for Study Quality” developed by Downs and Black (Downs and Black 377‐384, adapted slightly to remove non‐relevant questions. After analysis, when additional information was needed, original study authors werecontacted. Finally, ten studies were included in the analysis.The instruction sessions covered many topics, such as catalog use, reading citations, awareness of library services and collections, basic searching of bibliographic databases, and more. But all could qualify as basic, rather than advanced, library instruction. All studies did pre‐ and posttests of students’ skills – some immediatelyafter instruction, and others with a time lapse of up to six weeks. Most authors created their own tests, though one adapted an existing scale. Individual performance improvement was not studied in many cases due to privacy concerns.Main Results ‐ Nine of the ten studies found CAI and face‐to‐face instruction equally effective; the tenth study found face to‐face instruction more effective. The students’ reaction to instruction methods varied – some students felt more satisfied with face‐to‐face instruction and felt that they learned better, while other studies found that students receiving CAI

  13. Enhancement of the Efficacy of Conventional Anticancer Compounds Through the Repression of SNAI Proteins in Aggressive Breast Cancer Cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-04-01

    breasthealth/statistics.asp] Breast Cancer: Statistics on Incidence, Survival, and Screening . [2] Vargo-Gogola, T., and Rosen, J. M (2007) Modeling...tissues. J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol. 97 (1-2), 153-64. [14] Adams, L. S., and Chen, S. (2009) Phytochemicals for breast cancer prevention by...Zhang, X., Jia, Y., Subramanian, K. K., Jo, H., Loison, F., Newburger, P. E., and Luo, H. R. (2007) RNAi screen identifies UbE2D3 as a mediator of all

  14. Metric-adjusted skew information

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Liang, Cai; Hansen, Frank

    2010-01-01

    on a bipartite system and proved superadditivity of the Wigner-Yanase-Dyson skew informations for such states. We extend this result to the general metric-adjusted skew information. We finally show that a recently introduced extension to parameter values 1 ...We give a truly elementary proof of the convexity of metric-adjusted skew information following an idea of Effros. We extend earlier results of weak forms of superadditivity to general metric-adjusted skew information. Recently, Luo and Zhang introduced the notion of semi-quantum states...... of (unbounded) metric-adjusted skew information....

  15. Anti-RhoC siRNAs inhibit the proliferation and invasiveness of breast cancer cells via modulating the KAI1, MMP9, and CXCR4 expression

    OpenAIRE

    Xu, Xu-Dong; Shen, Han-Bin; Zhu, Li; Lu, Jian-Qin; Zhang, Lin; Luo, Zhi-Yong; Wu, Ya-Qun

    2017-01-01

    Xu-Dong Xu,1 Han-Bin Shen,1 Li Zhu,2 Jian-Qin Lu,2 Lin Zhang,3 Zhi-Yong Luo,3 Ya-Qun Wu3 1Department of Thyroid and Breast Surgery, The Fifth Hospital of Wuhan, Hanyang District, 2Department of Oncology, 3Department of Thyroid and Breast Surgery, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei, People’s Republic of China Abstract: Overexpression of RhoC in breast cancer cells indicates poor prognosis. In the present study, we ai...

  16. Zhang et al., Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. (2014) 11(6):66-76

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    cadewumi

    So DNA barcodes for identifying herbal materials should have great usability and variation. Previous data suggested that ITS2 represented the most suitable region for DNA barcoding applications so it was proposed as a novel universal barcode for herbal materials (Chen et al.,. 2010, 2013; Yao et al., 2010). Until now, the ...

  17. Different Luminosity Correlation of GRBs ZB Zhang1,2,∗, HC Liu1,2

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Abstract. We report our recent understanding about a tight correlation between relative spectral lag and luminosity (or redshift) for γ-ray bursts. The latest investigations indicate that the empirical correlations got from. BATSE bursts also exist for Swift/BAT ones. The special luminosity- lag correlation is much similar to that of ...

  18. On the Superluminal Motion of Radio-Loud AGNs Zhi-Bin Zhang1,2 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    xies—radiation mechanisms: non-thermal—quasars: general. 1. Introduction. Rees (1966) predicted that the transverse velocity of an object moving relativistically in some special directions may appear to exceed the speed of light. The apparent superluminal motion (SM) is essentially a geometric effect or a light travel-time.

  19. Zhang et al., Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. (2013) 10(2):258 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    AJTCAM

    Guangdong Pharmaceutical University, Guangzhou 510006, China. *E-mail: lujia6812@163.com. Abstract. Juglans mandshurica Maxim is a traditional herbal medicines in China, and its anti-tumor bioactivities are of research interest. Bioassay-guided fractionation method was employed to isolate anti-tumor compounds ...

  20. Zhang et al., Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. (2014) 11(2):377 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    cadewumi

    Background: The Third Month Fair in Dali is a historical festival and fair. ... drawn people's attention owing to its congenital advantages such as fewer side effects and .... of local rhizotomists possessed obvious regional feature and study value.

  1. Techno-Orientalism with Chinese Characteristics: Maureen F. McHugh’s China Mountain Zhang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher T. Fan

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Christopher T. Fan argues that McHugh’s award-winning 1992 science fiction novel perceives the twilight of the American Century by offering a “critical realism,” to use Georg Lukács’s phrase, of postsocialist US–China interdependency. In other words, it offers a form in which we perceive ourselves as subjects and objects of the twenty-first century world-system’s most important bilateral relationship. Moreover, as a novel about US–China interdependency, it implicitly critiques the binary Orientalism that structures the rapidly growing body of work on “techno-Orientalist” formations. Fan's analysis thus extends arguments about American Orientalism’s non-Manichean formations (Christina Klein, Melani McAlister, Colleen Lye into the postsocialist era.The novel’s near-future, China-centric world analogizes McHugh’s personal crises of professional desire as a precarious laborer in New York City, with the massive reorientation of desires from Maoist politics to market-directed individuality that she witnessed among her students when she taught in China from 1987–1988. Chinese racial form plays a crucial mediating role in the novel because it reflects the revival of Confucian humanist discourse in reform-era China as a way to focus a national project of rapidly generating capitalist desire. Finally, by describing US–China interdependency, this article also generates a theory of US–China neoliberalism that corrects for universalist, Euro-American accounts of neoliberal subject formation (Lauren Berlant, as well as insufficiently subject-sensitive accounts (Aihwa Ong.

  2. Molecular mapping of MS-cd 1 gene in Chinese kale | Zhang ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A dominant male sterility (DGMS) line 79-399-3 was developed from spontaneous mutation in Brassica oleracea var. capitata and has been widely used in the production of hybrid cultivar in China. In this line, male sterility is controlled by a dominant gene Ms-cd1. In the present study, primary mapping of Ms-cd1 was ...

  3. Li and Zhang., Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. (2016) 13(3):75 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    imbalance of Yin and Yang is the fundamental element leading to diseases. Qi is defined as the most ... All of the dryness symptoms are attributed to insufficiency of body fluid. Lack of tears .... Medsurg nursing : official journal of the Academy of.

  4. Kardar–Parisi–Zhang equation in one dimension and line ensembles

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    that the dynamics is defined through a suitable stochastic exchange rule. Thus one arrives at the totally asymmetric simple exclusion process (TASEP), which .... variables and can be viewed as a two-dimensional field theory in infinite volume.

  5. Zhang et al., Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. (2016) 13(3):181 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Drugs were administered orally daily for 7 days before modeling. ... this segment, including delivery of nutrients, removal of waste products, and ... cardiology as well as in other end-organ systems, such as cardiac diseases, ... Rats were anesthetized with 0.3% pentobarbital sodium (1ml/100g) by intramuscular injection.

  6. Zhuyi Quexian Duodong Zhang'ai Ertong de Shijian Zhijue Tezheng

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Yin, Huazhan; Sun, Zudi; Li, Dan

    2015-01-01

    To explore the characteristics of time perception of children with attention-deficit /hyperactivity disorder ( ADHD) and its relevant reasons by using a duration discrimination task. Methods: Totally 55 children with ADHD who met the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder,Fourth Edi...

  7. Multi-Wavelength Studies on H2O Maser Host Galaxies J. S. Zhang ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    on two projects: X-ray data analysis of individual maser source using. X-ray penetrability to explore maser host obscured AGN; multi- wavelength ... Figure 1. Adaptively smoothed three-color image in 0.3–8.0keV and spectra with fitting ... It provides a perspective to improve the accuracy of the Hubble constant H0 and to.

  8. JH Fan Y. Liu Y. Li QF Zhang J. Tao O. Kurtanidze

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Astronomy Science and Technology Research Laboratory of Department of Education of Guangdong ... Department of Computer Science, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632, China. ... Articles are also visible in Web of Science immediately.

  9. Astronomy Education for Physics Students JH Fan1,2,∗ , JS Zhang1

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2Astronomy Science and Technology Research Laboratory of Department of ... University, and how we are teaching astronomy to the students. Astro- physics ... graduate students, middle school students, and even primary school students. We.

  10. Zhang et al., Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. (2014) 11(2):367 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    cadewumi

    Ninjurin2 (Ninj2), firstly reported in 2000, is a homolog of a homophilic cellular adhesion molecule, which mediates cell-to-cell and cell-to-extracellular matrix interaction during development, differentiation and regeneration of nervous system (Araki and Milbrandt, 2000; Lin et al., 2011). Ninj2 was also reported to be a ...

  11. Q&A with Y.C. Zhang - Bringing Talent and Passion to Power Systems | News

    Science.gov (United States)

    research community we have many good tools and methods that are published in research papers, but they conversation has been edited for length. While a student of electrical engineering, were you interested in good indication of renewables production and future load conditions. If all the info is being used

  12. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Srg tidal tails red giants properties (Zhang+, 2017)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, X.; Shi, W. B.; Chen, Y. Q.; Zhao, G.; Carrell, K.; Zhao, J. K.; Ruan, G. P.; Liang, Y. C.; Zhou, L.; Ren, H. B.; Zhang, Y.; Hou, Y. H.; Wang, Y. F.

    2016-10-01

    The list of 1100 RGB stars in Sgr streams is selected from SDSS DR9 with Law & Majewski (2010ApJ...714..229L) model. For each star equatorial coordinates, [Fe/H], distance, Vgsr, Lambda, X, Y and Z are given. Each star is also marked with L1, L2, T1, T2 to show in which stream it locates. (1 data file).

  13. Zhang et al., Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. (2014) 11(1):62-66

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    cadewumi

    Background: Vietnamese Sophora Root mainly contains active constituents such as alkaloids, and it has anti-tumour, antibacterial, and anti-inflammatory effects. The objective of the paper was to study the effects of Vietnamese Sophora Root on growth, adhesion, invasion and motility of mouse melanoma B16BL6 cells, and ...

  14. Zhang et al., Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. (2014) 11(6):66-76

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    cadewumi

    Background: Traditional methods for identifying herbal medicines have many shortcomings. In this study, we aim to test discriminating ability of. DNA barcodes and explore feasible method on evaluating identification results. Materials and Methods: Materials of whole-plant medicines were sampled from herbal market.

  15. Zhang et al., Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med., (2017) 14 (5): 41 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Moreover, after mechanical injury the rupture of blood vessel activate the cytokines in the region of spinal cord. Inflammation is one of the major factors responsible for secondary injury to spinal cord. Evidences show the inflammatory mediators (TNFα and IL-6) and oxidative stress induces the process of apoptosis by ...

  16. Zhang et al., Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. (2013) 10(5):401 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    cadewumi

    Stigma maydis polysaccharides can improve the symptoms of weight loss ... convergence activity, zeaxanthin that have vitamin A activity and other nutrient .... 2 d later, blood was sampled from caudal vein to determine the blood ... In comparison, mice in the normal control group had bright fur and hair, good spirit, normal.

  17. Zhang et al., Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. (2015) 12(6):151 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Proff.Adewunmi

    The goal of the present study is to test whether Artemisia Capillaris Formula protects ... It has been shown that ACF exhibits significant therapeutic effects on ... The remaining groups were fed a high‐fat diet (HFD) ad libitum for 8 weeks. ... at 4˚C. The primary antibodies used in this study were polyclonal rabbit anti-rat FAS, ...

  18. Interaction of social role functioning and coping in people with recent-onset attenuated psychotic symptoms: a case study of three Chinese women at clinical high risk for psychosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhang TH

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available TianHong Zhang,1 HuiJun Li,2,3 Kristen A Woodberry,3 Larry J Seidman,3 Annabelle Chow,4 ZePing Xiao,1 JiJun Wang1 1Shanghai Mental Health Center, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Psychology, Florida A&M University, Tallahassee, FL, USA; 3Department of Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA; 4Department of Psychological Medicine, Changi General Hospital, Singapore Abstract: Clinical high risk of psychosis is defined as the period in which the first signs of psychotic symptoms begin to appear. During this period, there is an increased probability of developing frank psychosis. It is crucial to investigate the interaction between psychotic symptoms and the individual’s personality and life experiences in order to effectively prevent, or delay the development of psychosis. This paper presents case reports of three Chinese female subjects with attenuated positive symptoms, attending their initial outpatient assessment in a mental health service, and their longitudinal clinical outcomes. Information regarding each subject’s symptoms and life stressors was collected at 2-month intervals over a 6-month period. The assessments indicated that these women were suffering from the recent onset of symptoms in different ways. However, all three hid their symptoms from others in their school or workplace, and experienced a decline in performance related to their social roles and in their daily functioning. They were often excluded from the social groups to which they had previously belonged. A decline in social activities may be a risk factor in the development of psychosis and a mediator of functional sequelae in psychosis. Effective treatment strategies may include those that teach individuals to gain insights related to their symptoms and a service that provides a context in which individuals can discuss their psychotic symptoms

  19. Sequence-based HLA-A, B, C, DP, DQ, and DR typing of 100 Luo infants from the Boro area of Nyanza Province, Kenya.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arlehamn, Cecilia S Lindestam; Copin, Richard; Leary, Shay; Mack, Steven J; Phillips, Elizabeth; Mallal, Simon; Sette, Alessandro; Blatner, Gretta; Siefers, Heather; Ernst, Joel D

    2017-04-01

    One hundred healthy infants enrolled as controls in a tuberculosis vaccine study in Nyanza Province, Kenya provided anonymized samples for DNA sequence-based typing at the HLA-A, -B, -C, -DPB1, -DQA1, -DQB1, -DRB1, and -DRB3/4/5 loci. The purpose of the study was to characterize allele frequencies in the local population, to support studies of T cell immunity against pathogens, including Mycobacterium tuberculosis. There are no detectable deviations from Hardy Weinberg proportions for the HLA-B, -C, -DRB1, -DPB1, -DQA1 and -DQB1 loci. A minor deviation was detected at the HLA-A locus due to an excess of HLA-A*02:02, 29:02, 30:02, and 68:02 homozygotes. The genotype data are available in the Allele Frequencies Net Database under identifier 3393. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  20. Carrying out Credit Management of the Pesticide Industry Well to Improve the Prestige The speech abstract of Luo Haizhang on pesticide industry conference

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Luo Haizhang

    2007-01-01

    @@ The foundation and development of society credit management system is the requirement of market economy. Now more and more groups know the importance of industry credit management and enterprise credit management. Pesticide industry credit management can be done well by our common efforts.

  1. Redescription of Paraleptus chiloscyllii Yin et Zhang, 1983 (Nematoda: Physalopteridae) from the Arabian carpetshark Chiloscyllium arabicum (Chondrichthyes: Hemiscylliidae) off Iraq

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    González-Solís, David; Ali, A. H.

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 60, č. 4 (2015), s. 759-766 ISSN 1230-2821 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GBP505/12/G112 Institutional support: RVO:60077344 Keywords : Arabian Gulf * elasmobranchs * nematode Subject RIV: GJ - Animal Vermins ; Diseases, Veterinary Medicine Impact factor: 1.293, year: 2015

  2. Spin-Resolved Photoemission on Anti-Ferromagnets: Direct Observation of Zhang-Rice Singlets in CuO

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tjeng, L.H.; Sinkovic, B.; Brookes, N.B.; Goedkoop, J.B.; Hesper, R.; Pellegrin, E.; Groot, F.M.F. de; Altieri, S.; Hulbert, S.L.; Shekel, E.; Sawatzky, G.A.

    1997-01-01

    We demonstrate that it is possible to obtain spin-resolved valence band spectra with a very high degree of spin polarization from antiferromagnetic transition metal materials if the excitation light is circularly polarized and has an energy close to the cation 2p3/2 (L3) white line. We are able to

  3. The Eddington Ratio of H2O Maser Host AGN Q. Guo1, J. S. Zhang2 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    tion rate and on the efficiency for converting gravitational energy into radiation. The. Eddington ratio, i.e., ratio of the bolometric luminosity and Eddington luminosity, is very important to constrain predictions of theoretical models. Observations demon- strate that most of the H2O maser spots are located in the nuclear region ...

  4. [On the "Brain is the House of Yuanshen" in "Bencao Gangmu"; from Li Shizhen to Zhang Xichun].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okuno, Shigeo

    2011-03-01

    The phrase the "Brain is the House of Yuanshen" is used in "Bencao Gangmu" in order to explain the reason why magnolia flower is good for sinus problems; however, the ideas on the relationship between the brain and the nose originate from "Huangdi Neijing" and those on the relationship between the brain and Yuanshen come from Taoism. It was "Bencao Beiyao" that combined the theory with the Western idea that "someone's memory is in the brain". The idea of the brain staying on as memory had great impact on "Leizheng Zhicai" and "Yilin Gaicuo", but again in "Yixue Zhongzhong Sanxilu" it claimed that "Yuanshen is in the brain" from Taoism's point of view, and it criticized the theory of the brain derived from the Western world. In this paper, the meaning of "Brain is the House of Yuanshen" in "Bencao Gangmu" is examined, along with the influence this idea had on the subsequent theories of medicine.

  5. Molecular mechanisms of cisplatin resistance in cervical cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhu H

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Haiyan Zhu, Hui Luo, Wenwen Zhang, Zhaojun Shen, Xiaoli Hu, Xueqiong Zhu Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, People’s Republic of China Abstract: Patients with advanced or recurrent cervical cancer have poor prognosis, and their 1-year survival is only 10%–20%. Chemotherapy is considered as the standard treatment for patients with advanced or recurrent cervical cancer, and cisplatin appears to treat the disease effectively. However, resistance to cisplatin may develop, thus substantially compromising the efficacy of cisplatin to treat advanced or recurrent cervical cancer. In this article, we systematically review the recent literature and summarize the recent advances in our understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying cisplatin resistance in cervical cancer. Keywords: cisplatin, epithelial–mesenchymal transition, microRNA, molecular mechanism, resistance

  6. Strengthening the case that elevated levels of programmed death ligand 1 predict poor prognosis in hepatocellular carcinoma patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhong J

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Jian-Hong Zhong,1,* Cheng-Piao Luo,2,* Chun-Yan Zhang,2 Le-Qun Li1 1Hepatobiliary Surgery Department, 2Experimental Department, Affiliated Tumor Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, People’s Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Abstract: Immunotherapy targeting programmed death receptor 1 and programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1 has shown impressive antitumor efficacy in several solid cancers, including advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC. Since response rates of various cancers to such immunotherapy appear to correlate with PD-L1 expression levels, several studies have examined whether PD-L1 expression correlates with HCC pathology and patient prognosis. In this paper, we analyzed the strength and limitations of a recent meta-analysis of associations of PD-L1 with HCC characteristics and patient prognosis. Keywords: hepatocellular carcinoma, programmed death ligand 1, hepatic resection, prognoses

  7. Disease: H01611 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available H01611 Alcohol dependence Alcohol dependence (AD) is a chronic but often disease t...ol even when it causes problems, having to drink more to get the same effect (physical dependence), or havin...l M, Pirmohamed M ... TITLE ... Pharmacotherapy for alcohol dependence: A stratified approach. ... JOURNAL ... Pha...iec J, Samochowiec A, Puls I, Bienkowski P, Schott BH ... TITLE ... Genetics of alcohol dependence...g C, Wang F, Zhang XY, Vanderlinden LA, Tabakoff B, Luo X ... TITLE ... Genome-wide association discoveries of alcohol dependence. ... JOURNAL ... Am J Addict 23:526-39 (2014) DOI:10.1111/j.1521-0391.2014.12147.x ... PMID:23170934 (gene) ... AUTHORS ... Rietschel M, Treutlein J ... TITLE ... The genetics of alcohol dependence. ... JOURNAL ... Ann N Y Acad Sci 1282:39-70 (2013) DOI:10.1111/j.1749-6632.2012.06794.x ...

  8. New opinion on the subtypes of poststroke depression in Chinese stroke survivors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yue Y

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Yingying Yue,1,2 Rui Liu,3 Yin Cao,4 Yanfeng Wu,5 Shining Zhang,6 Huajie Li,7 Jijun Zhu,8 Wenhao Jiang,1,2 Aiqin Wu,9 Yonggui Yuan1,2 1Department of Psychosomatics and Psychiatry, ZhongDa Hospital, School of Medicine, Southeast University, Nanjing, 2Institute of Psychosomatics, Medical school of Southeast university, Nanjing, 3School of Information Science and Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing, 4Department of Neurology, Changzhou Second People’s Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University, Changzhou, 5Department of Neurology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, 6Department of Psychiatry, Nanjing Brain Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, 7Department of Neurology, Changzhou First People’s Hospital, Changzhou, 8Department of Neurology, Yancheng Third People’s Hospital, Yancheng, 9Department of Psychosomatics, The Affiliated First Hospital of Suzhou University, Suzhou, People’s Republic of China Aim: Poststroke depression (PSD is the most common complication of stroke. However, some stroke survivors with depression cannot meet the diagnostic criteria of PSD. The aim of this study was to propose the new conception of stroke patients with depression and then make them to receive reasonable diagnosis and treatment. Methods: We first put forward the opinion that the general PSD should consist of PSD disorder (PSDD and PSD symptoms (PSDS according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder – Fifth Edition (DSM-5 and ZhongDa diagnostic criteria – first edition (ZD-1, respectively. The ZD-1 was established based on the suggestions of 65 Chinese chief doctors considering that the symptoms of PSDS might be different from those of PSDD and the duration of DSM-5 was too strict. Then, 166 stroke inpatients were recruited, and the study was conducted using the diagnosis and classification of PSD to verify the new concept. Results: A total of 24 (14.46% and 80 (48.19% stroke

  9. In vivo tomographic imaging with fluorescence and MRI using tumor-targeted dual-labeled nanoparticles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhang Y

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Yue Zhang,1 Bin Zhang,1 Fei Liu,1,2 Jianwen Luo,1,3 Jing Bai1 1Department of Biomedical Engineering, School of Medicine, 2Tsinghua-Peking Center for Life Sciences, 3Center for Biomedical Imaging Research, Tsinghua University, Beijing, People's Republic of China Abstract: Dual-modality imaging combines the complementary advantages of different modalities, and offers the prospect of improved preclinical research. The combination of fluorescence imaging and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI provides cross-validated information and direct comparison between these modalities. Here, we report on the application of a novel tumor-targeted, dual-labeled nanoparticle (NP, utilizing iron oxide as the MRI contrast agent and near infrared (NIR dye Cy5.5 as the fluorescent agent. Results of in vitro experiments verified the specificity of the NP to tumor cells. In vivo tumor targeting and uptake of the NPs in a mouse model were visualized by fluorescence and MR imaging collected at different time points. Quantitative analysis was carried out to evaluate the efficacy of MRI contrast enhancement. Furthermore, tomographic images were also acquired using both imaging modalities and cross-validated information of tumor location and size between these two modalities was revealed. The results demonstrate that the use of dual-labeled NPs can facilitate the dual-modal detection of tumors, information cross-validation, and direct comparison by combing fluorescence molecular tomography (FMT and MRI. Keywords: dual-modality, fluorescence molecular tomography (FMT, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI, nanoparticle

  10. Interface engineering in inorganic hybrid structures towards improved photocatalysis (Conference Presentation)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiong, Yujie

    2016-10-01

    Designing new photocatalytic materials for improving photoconversion efficiency is a promising route to alleviate the steadily worsening environmental issues and energy crisis. Despite the invention of a large number of catalytic materials with well-defined structures, their overall efficiency in photocatalysis is still quite limited as the three key steps - light harvesting, charge generation and separation, and charge transfer to surface for redox reactions - have not been substantially improved. To improve each step in the complex process, there is a major trend to develop materials based on inorganic hybrid structures. In this case, interface engineering holds the promise for boosting the overall efficiency, given the key roles of interface structures in charge and energy transfer. In this talk, I will demonstrate several different approaches to designing inorganic hybrid structures with improved photocatalytic performance via interface engineering. The typical demonstrations include semiconductor-plasmonics systems for broad-spectrum light harvesting, metal-semiconductor interfaces for improved charge separation, semiconductor-MOF (metal-organic framework) configurations for activated surface reactions. It is anticipated that this series of works open a new window to rationally designing inorganic hybrid materials for photo-induced applications. References: (1) Bai, S.; Yang, L.; Wang, C.; Lin, Y.; Lu, J.; Jiang, J. and Xiong, Y.*, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 54, 14810-14814 (2015). (2) Bai, S.; Jiang, J.; Zhang, Q. and Xiong, Y.*, Chem. Soc. Rev. 44, 2893-2939 (2015). (3) Bai, S.; Li, X.; Kong, Q.; Long, R.; Wang, C.; Jiang, J. and Xiong, Y.*, Adv. Mater. 27, 3444-3452 (2015). (4) Bai, S.; Ge, J.; Wang, L.; Gong, M.; Deng, M.; Kong, Q.; Song, L.; Jiang, J.;* Zhang, Q.;* Luo, Y.; Xie, Y. and Xiong, Y.*, Adv. Mater. 26, 5689-5695 (2014). (5) Li, R.; Hu, J.; Deng, M.; Wang, H.; Wang, X.; Hu, Y.; Jiang, H. L.; Jiang, J.;* Zhang, Q.;* Xie, Y. and Xiong, Y.*, Adv. Mater

  11. Remarks made by Vice Premier Mr. Zhang Dejiang at the opening ceremony of the International Ministerial Conference on Nuclear Energy in the 21st Century

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhang Dejiang

    2009-01-01

    Nuclear science and technology is one of the greatest scientific and technological achievements of mankind in the 20th century. Nuclear science and technology is widely applied in various sectors with over 50 years of development, such as energy, industry, agriculture, health, and environment protection, and is playing an important role in prospering economy, improving people's livelihood, and promoting sustainable development. With global economic development and rising energy consumption, supply of traditional energy source is becoming more stretched and climate change is becoming an increasingly severe challenge. It is a common task of the international community to develop and utilize clean and renewable energy sources and properly address growing contradiction among economic development, energy development and environment protection. Given its advantage as clean, safe and could be applied in large scale, more and more countries are placing importance on nuclear energy. Accelerating peaceful uses of nuclear energy is the common wishes and inevitable choice of many countries. China started the development of nuclear energy in the early 1950s, and with the efforts of over half a century, China has established a relatively complete nuclear industry system. The installed capacity of nuclear power reached 9100 MWe, and nuclear power generation accounts for 2% of the national total electricity generated. Nuclear energy is playing an incremental role for China's economic development. However, nuclear energy utilization is rather insufficient in China, its development level is behind countries which are advanced in nuclear energy use such as the United States and France, the rate of nuclear power generation in the total electricity generated still falls behind the world average level. China's energy supply mix is featured by coal dominant and low proportion of clean energy. To achieve sustainable energy and socio-economic development, China has formulated the energy development strategy of active promoting energy conservation and optimizing energy. structure. Accelerating nuclear power development and enhancing the ratio of clean energy such as nuclear power in the aggregate energy supply is the priority of China's energy development strategy. Currently, peaceful use of nuclear energy has entered a stage of rapid development. A batch of new nuclear power projects are starting construction in coastal areas, and preparation for other new projects is going on in orderly manner, demonstration projects of the introduction of third generation nuclear power technology are moving on smoothly. Scientific and research engineering programs such as China experimental fast reactor, high temperature gas-cooled reactor, and thermal nuclear fusion device are in positive progress. Nuclear fuel cycle industry continues its development and the ability of assured supply of nuclear fuel is being enhanced. China has always attached great importance to nuclear safety in its promotion of nuclear energy utilization, and established a fairly complete nuclear safety legal, regulatory and emergency management system which is in line with international best practices. China has issued series of instruments such as nuclear safety regulations, rules, guidelines, standards. Independent, strict, and efficient nuclear safety supervision and management and scientific management of nuclear facility operators have been put in place to ensure safe and secure operation of nuclear facilities. All these efforts have led to sound nuclear safety record and boosted public confidence in nuclear energy

  12. Sociální zabezpečení v Číně: seminář s doc. Zhang Zhimin

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Uhde, Zuzana

    2011-01-01

    Roč. 12, č. 2 (2011), s. 106-108 ISSN 1213-0028 R&D Projects: GA ČR GAP404/10/0021 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70280505 Keywords : China * social security * comparative analysis Subject RIV: AO - Sociology, Demography

  13. Between-Groups Study Designs Demand Between-Groups Analyses: A Response to Hernandez-Reif, Shor-Posner, Baez, Soto, Mendoza, Castillo, Quintero, Perez, and Zhang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher A. Moyer

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The most recent massage therapy (MT study by Hernandez-Reif et al. displays flaws persistent in this area of research that are attributable to MT researchers’ frequent mistake of using within-group analyses of dependent variables in studies that are purported to be randomized control trials. This practise violates the logic of using randomization to create treatment and control groups, and thereby fails to control for the validity threats of spontaneous remission, placebo effects, and statistical regression. The result is that a clear understanding of what MT can and cannot do is seriously hampered.

  14. Comment on “Band gaps structure and semi-Dirac point of two-dimensional function photonic crystals” by Si-Qi Zhang et al.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Hai-Feng

    2018-01-01

    Not Available Project supported by the Special Grade of the Financial Support from the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (Grant No. 2016T90455), the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (Grant No. 2015M581790), and the Chinese Jiangsu Planned Projects for Postdoctoral Research Funds, China (Grant No. 1501016A).

  15. Peer review statement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-01

    All papers published in this volume of Journal of Physics: Conference Series have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the editors of the 26th IAHR Symposium on Hydraulic Machinery and Systems proceedings. Reviews were conducted by expert referees from the International Technical Committee to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing. The members of the Scientific Committee who selected and reviewed the papers included in the Proceedings of the 26th IAHR Symposium on Hydraulic Machinery and Systems are: Yulin WU Tsinghua University China François AVELLAN EPFL-LMH Switzerland (principal) Xingqi LUO Xi'an University of Sci & Tech China Martin BÖHLE Kaiserslautern University Germany Gerard BOIS Arts et Métiers ParisTech France Luca D'AGOSTINO University of Pisa Italy Eduard EGUSQUIZA Polytechnical University Catalonia Spain Richard FISHER Voith Hydro Inc USA Regiane FORTES-PATELLA Institute Polytechnique de Grenoble France Aleksandar GAJIC University of Belgrade Serbia Wei YANG China Agriculture University China YinLu YOUNG University of Michigan USA Adrian LUNGU Dunarea de Jos University of Galati Romania Arpad FAY University of Miskolcz Hungary José GONZÁLEZ Universidad de Oviedo Spain Baoshan ZHU Tsinghua University China Hongxun CHEN Shanghai University China Chisachi KATO University of Tokyo Japan Zhenyue MA Dalian University of Sci & Tech China Honggang FAN Tsinghua University China François GUIBAULT Ecole Polytechnique de Montreal Canada Pengcheng GUO Xian University of Technology China Leqing WANG Zhejiang University China Toshiaki IKOHAGI Tohoku University Japan Jiandong YANG Wuhan University China Jianzhong ZHOU Huazhong University of Sci & Tech China Jinwei LI NULL China Rennian LI Lanzhou University of Sci & Tech China Houlin LIU NULL China Juan LIU Tsinghua University China Shuhong LIU Tsinghua University China Xianwu LUO Tsinghua University China Michihiro NISHI Tsinghua

  16. AcEST: DK945338 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

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  17. AcEST: BP917220 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available den, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb Miller, and David J. Lipman (1997), Gapped BLAS...erence: Altschul, Stephen F., Thomas L. Madden, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Web

  18. AcEST: DK947581 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available e: Altschul, Stephen F., Thomas L. Madden, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb Miller, a...L. Madden, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb Miller, and David J. Lipman (1997), Gappe

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    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

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  20. AcEST: DK944638 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb Miller, and David J. Lipman (1997), Gapped BLAST...] Reference: Altschul, Stephen F., Thomas L. Madden, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb

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    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

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  2. AcEST: DK947778 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Thomas L. Madden, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb Miller, and David J. Lipman (1997)...chaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb Miller, and David J. Lipman (1997), Gapped BLAST and PSI-BLAST: a

  3. AcEST: BP911646 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

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  4. AcEST: BP913622 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

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  5. AcEST: DK946346 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

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  6. AcEST: DK946405 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available : Altschul, Stephen F., Thomas L. Madden, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb Miller, an.... Madden, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb Miller, and David J. Lipman (1997), Gapped

  7. AcEST: DK962276 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Altschul, Stephen F., Thomas L. Madden, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb Miller, and ...Madden, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb Miller, and David J. Lipman (1997), Gapped B

  8. AcEST: DK943983 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available e: Altschul, Stephen F., Thomas L. Madden, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb Miller, a...L. Madden, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb Miller, and David J. Lipman (1997), Gappe

  9. AcEST: BP920286 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

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  10. AcEST: DK945792 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available e: Altschul, Stephen F., Thomas L. Madden, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb Miller, a...L. Madden, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb Miller, and David J. Lipman (1997), Gappe

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    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available fer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb Miller, and David J. Lipman (1997), Gapped BLAST and PSI-BLAST: a new ...-2008] Reference: Altschul, Stephen F., Thomas L. Madden, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Web

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    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb Miller, and David J. Lipman (1997),... [Nov-02-2008] Reference: Altschul, Stephen F., Thomas L. Madden, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Web

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    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb Miller, and David J. Lipman (1997), Gapped BLAST and PSI-BLAST: a new gener...] Reference: Altschul, Stephen F., Thomas L. Madden, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb

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    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb Miller, and David J. Lipman (199....19 [Nov-02-2008] Reference: Altschul, Stephen F., Thomas L. Madden, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Web

  15. AcEST: BP913019 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

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  16. AcEST: DK945086 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

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    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

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  18. AcEST: DK947358 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

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    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

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    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

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    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

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    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

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    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

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    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

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    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

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    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

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    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

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    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

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    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

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    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

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    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

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    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

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    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

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    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

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  1. Molecular basis of substrate promiscuity for the SAM-dependent O-methyltransferase NcsB1, involved in the biosynthesis of the enediyne antitumor antibiotic neocarzinostatin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooke, Heather A; Guenther, Elizabeth L; Luo, Yinggang; Shen, Ben; Bruner, Steven D

    2009-10-13

    The small molecule component of chromoprotein enediyne antitumor antibiotics is biosynthesized through a convergent route, incorporating amino acid, polyketide, and carbohydrate building blocks around a central enediyne hydrocarbon core. The naphthoic acid moiety of the enediyne neocarzinostatin plays key roles in the biological activity of the natural product by interacting with both the carrier protein and duplex DNA at the site of action. We have previously described the in vitro characterization of an S-adenosylmethionine-dependent O-methyltransferase (NcsB1) in the neocarzinostatin biosynthetic pathway [Luo, Y., Lin, S., Zhang, J., Cooke, H. A., Bruner, S. D., and Shen, B. (2008) J. Biol. Chem. 283, 14694-14702]. Here we provide a structural basis for NcsB1 activity, illustrating that the enzyme shares an overall architecture with a large family of S-adenosylmethionine-dependent proteins. In addition, NcsB1 represents the first enzyme to be structurally characterized in the biosynthetic pathway of neocarzinostatin. By cocrystallizing the enzyme with various combinations of the cofactor and substrate analogues, details of the active site structure have been established. Changes in subdomain orientation were observed via comparison of structures in the presence and absence of substrate, suggesting that reorientation of the enzyme is involved in binding of the substrate. In addition, residues important for substrate discrimination were predicted and probed through site-directed mutagenesis and in vitro biochemical characterization.

  2. Noninvasive monitoring of early antiangiogenic therapy response in human nasopharyngeal carcinoma xenograft model using MRI with RGD-conjugated ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cui Y

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Yanfen Cui,1,* Caiyuan Zhang,1,* Ran Luo,1 Huanhuan Liu,1 Zhongyang Zhang,1 Tianyong Xu,2 Yong Zhang,2 Dengbin Wang11Department of Radiology, Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, 2MR Advanced Application and Research Center, GE Healthcare China, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this workPurpose: Arginine-glycine-aspartic acid (RGD-based nanoprobes allow specific imaging of integrin αvβ3, a protein overexpressed during angiogenesis. Therefore, this study applied a novel RGD-coupled, polyacrylic acid (PAA-coated ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide (USPIO (referred to as RGD-PAA-USPIO in order to detect tumor angiogenesis and assess the early response to antiangiogenic treatment in human nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC xenograft model by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI.Materials and methods: The binding specificity of RGD-PAA-USPIO with human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs was confirmed by Prussian blue staining and transmission electron microscopy in vitro. The tumor targeting of RGD-PAA-USPIO was evaluated in the NPC xenograft model. Later, mice bearing NPC underwent MRI at baseline and after 4 and 14 days of consecutive treatment with Endostar or phosphate-buffered saline (n=10 per group.Results: The specific uptake of the RGD-PAA-USPIO nanoparticles was mainly dependent on the interaction between RGD and integrin αvβ3 of HUVECs. The tumor targeting of RGD-PAA-USPIO was observed in the NPC xenograft model. Moreover, the T2 relaxation time of mice in the Endostar-treated group decreased significantly compared with those in the control group both on days 4 and 14, consistent with the immunofluorescence results of CD31 and CD61 (P<0.05.Conclusion: This study demonstrated that the magnetic resonance molecular nanoprobes, RGD-PAA-USPIOs, allow noninvasive in vivo imaging of tumor angiogenesis and assessment of the early response to antiangiogenic treatment in

  3. The 2nd International Conference on Agricultural and Biological Sciences (ABS 2016

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lei Pei

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Table of contents 01 The influence of soil salt content on the photosynthetic characteristics of spring wheat with trickle irrigation Lei Pei, Zhenhua Wang, Jinzhu Zhang, Wenhao Li 02 Comparing growth of fast-growing and slow-growing endophytes in plants via ergosterol quantification Adeline SY Ting, Yiing Y Chow, Sadequr Rahman 03 Transcriptome and digital gene expression analysis identifies putative triterpene saponin-biosynthetic genes of Panax notoginseng Rongchang Wei 04 Chitosan-assisted isolation and antioxidant evaluation of flavonoids from Sophora japonica L. Zhang Hu, Sidong Li, Chuyan Li, Zijuan Li 05 Two kinds of new characteristics of the ektexine ornamentation of ginkgo pollen Guoxia Wang, Yuzhen Yang, Gang Chen, Qing Luo 06 Analysis of nutrient and medicinal ingredients of Ginkgo pollen in different regions Guoxia Wang, Ruixia Liu, Yuzhen Yang, Lipei Chen 07 Photosynthetic performance of greening seedlings of seven species to drought stress Zhiyang Lie, Tongtong Zhou, Weilong Huang, Li Xue 08 Changes of fluorescence parameters of greening seedlings of seven species under drought stress Jie Li, Zhuomin Wang, Li Xue 09 Mammalian sex hormone affects regeneration capacity and enzymes activity of Triticale L in vitro culture Ismail Bezirganoglu, Pınar Uysal 10 Fractional Fourier entropy increases the recognition rate of fruit type detection Shuihua Wang, Zhihai Lu, Jiquan Yang, Yudong Zhang, John Liu, Ling Wei, Shufang Chen, Preetha Phillips, Zhengchao Dong 11 Banana-peanut intercropping reduces Fusarium wilt disease in banana from enhancing soil bacterial microorganisms and leaf nutrition Hong Li, Xutong Wang, Fengliang Zhao, Guisheng Yang 12 Manganese stress impairs stem ureide nitrogen fixation in yardlong-bean plants in the acidic environment Hong Li 13 A new pest control method for Rhytidodera bowringii Larvae Haijie Huang, Li Zhao, Weijian Huang, Jinhui Wang, Zhongrun Zhang 14 Research on the seed-like Fruits of Subg. Sclarea of

  4. Linking Tengchong Terrane in SW Yunnan with Lhasa Terrane in southern Tibet through magmatic correlation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xie, Jincheng; Zhu, Dicheng; Dong, Guochen; Zhao, Zhidan; Wang, Qing

    2016-04-01

    . Lithos 206-207, 384-399. Xu, Y.G., Yang, Q.J., Lan, J.B., Luo, Z.Y., Huang, X.L., Shi, Y.R., Xie, L.W., 2012. Temporal-spatial distribution and tectonic implications of the batholiths in the Gaoligong-Tengliang-Yingjiang area, western Yunnan: Constraints from zircon U-Pb ages and Hf isotopes. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 53, 151-175. Zhang, Y.C., Shi, G.R., Shen, S.Z., 2013. A review of Permian stratigraphy, paleobiogeography and palaeogeography of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. Gondwana Research 24, 55-76.

  5. JiaZhang Dui ErTong FaZhan TongBan GuanXi De ZuoYong (The Role of Parents in the Development of Peer Group Competence). ERIC Digest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, Shirley G.

    Among studies that have examined the relationship between parenting styles and children's development of social skills, the research of Diana Baumrind is noteworthy. In several studies, she has identified authoritarian, permissive, and authoritative parenting styles, which differ on the dimensions of nurturance and parental control. Authoritarian…

  6. Translation into Chinese of: "Changes to publication requirements made at the XVIII International Botanical Congress in Melbourne - what does e-publication mean for you?". Translated by Li-Bing Zhang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Knapp

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Changes to the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature are decided on every 6 years at Nomenclature Sections associated with International Botanical Congresses (IBC. The XVIII IBC was held in Melbourne, Australia; the Nomenclature Section met on 18-22 July 2011 and its decisions were accepted by the Congress at its plenary session on 30 July. Several important changes were made to the Code as a result of this meeting that will affect publication of new names. Two of these changes will come into effect on 1 January 2012, some months before the Melbourne Code is published. Electronic material published online in Portable Document Format (PDF with an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN or an International Standard Book Number (ISBN will constitute effective publication, and the requirement for a Latin description or diagnosis for names of new taxa will be changed to a requirement for a description or diagnosis in either Latin or English. In addition, effective from 1 January 2013, new names of organisms treated as fungi must, in order to be validly published, include in the protologue (everything associated with a name at its valid publication the citation of an identifier issued by a recognized repository (such as MycoBank. Draft text of the new articles dealing with electronic publication is provided and best practice is outlined.To encourage dissemination of the changes made to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants, this article will be published in BMC Evolutionary Biology, Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, Brittonia, Cladistics, MycoKeys, Mycotaxon, New Phytologist, North American Fungi, Novon, Opuscula Philolichenum, PhytoKeys, Phytoneuron, Phytotaxa, Plant Diversity and Resources, Systematic Botany and Taxon.

  7. O modelo de projeção de lucros de Hou, Dijk e Zhang (2012) e o custo de capital implícito: metodologia para aplicação em empresas brasileiras

    OpenAIRE

    Bruna Losada Pereira

    2016-01-01

    A teoria sobre o custo de capital das empresas estudada desde a década de 1950 trouxe amplas contribuições aos estudos de finanças corporativas, alocação de carteiras de investimento, fusões e aquisições, ciências contábeis, entre outras aplicações. Os modelos clássicos de custo de capital compreendem modelos como o CAPM (Capital Asset Pricing Model), de Sharpe, Lintner e Mossin; o APT (Arbitrage Pricing Theory), de Ross; o modelo de 3-fatores, de Fama e French, e de 4-fatores, de Carhart, en...

  8. Permian Circulipuncturites discinisporis Labaindera, Wang, Zhang, Bek et Pfefferkorn gen. et spec. nov. (formerly Discinispora) from Cina, an ichnotaxon of a punch-and-sucking insect on Noeggerathialean spores

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Wang, J.; Labandeira, C. C.; Zhang, G.; Bek, Jiří; Pfefferkorn, H. W.

    2009-01-01

    Roč. 156, 3/4 (2009), s. 277-282 ISSN 0034-6667 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR IAA301110701 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z30130516 Keywords : noeggerathiales * in situ spores * insect damage * ichnotaxon * Permian Subject RIV: EF - Botanics Impact factor: 2.145, year: 2009

  9. Effect of a controlled-release drug delivery system made of oleanolic acid formulated into multivesicular liposomes on hepatocellular carcinoma in vitro and in vivo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luo YL

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Yuling Luo, Zhongbing Liu, Xiaoqin Zhang, Juan Huang, Xin Yu, Jinwei Li, Dan Xiong, Xiaoduan Sun, Zhirong Zhong Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy, Southwest Medical University, Luzhou, Sichuan,People’s Republic of ChinaAbstract: The aim of the present study was to develop a novel dosage form of multivesicular liposomes for oleanolic acid (OA to overcome its poor solubility, prolong therapeutic drug levels in the blood, and enhance the antitumor effect on hepatocellular carcinoma. OA-encapsulated multivesicular liposomes (OA-MVLs were prepared by a double-emulsion method, and the formulation was optimized by the central composite design. The morphology, particle size, and drug-loading efficiency of OA-MVLs were investigated. Furthermore, OA-MVLs were also characterized both in vitro and in vivo. The results showed that OA-MVLs were spherical particles with an average particle size of 11.57 µm and an encapsulation efficiency of 82.3%±0.61%. OA-MVLs exhibited a sustained-release pattern in vitro, which was fitted to Ritger–Peppas equation. OA-MVLs inhibited the growth of human HepG2 cells which was confirmed by the MTT assay and fluorescence microscopy detection. The in vivo release of OA from OA-MVLs exhibited a sustained manner, indicating a longer circulation time compared to OA solution. The in vivo toxicity study indicated that medium-dose OA-MVLs exerted no toxic effect on the hosts. Importantly, OA-MVLs suppressed the growth of murine H22 hepatoma and prolonged the survival of tumor-bearing mice. In conclusion, the poorly soluble OA could be encapsulated into MVLs to form a novel controlled-release drug delivery system. The present study may hold promise for OA-MVLs as a new dosage form for sustained-release drug delivery in cancer therapy.Keywords: oleanolic acid, multivesicular liposomes, murine hepatocellular carcinoma, controlled release, cancer therapy

  10. Anti-RhoC siRNAs inhibit the proliferation and invasiveness of breast cancer cells via modulating the KAI1, MMP9, and CXCR4 expression

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xu X

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Xu-Dong Xu,1 Han-Bin Shen,1 Li Zhu,2 Jian-Qin Lu,2 Lin Zhang,3 Zhi-Yong Luo,3 Ya-Qun Wu3 1Department of Thyroid and Breast Surgery, The Fifth Hospital of Wuhan, Hanyang District, 2Department of Oncology, 3Department of Thyroid and Breast Surgery, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei, People’s Republic of China Abstract: Overexpression of RhoC in breast cancer cells indicates poor prognosis. In the present study, we aim to investigate the possible antitumor effects of anti-RhoC small-interfering RNA (siRNA in inflammatory breast cancer cells. In this study, a specific anti-RhoC siRNA was used to inhibit RhoC synthesis. Transfection of anti-RhoC siRNA into two IBC cells SUM149 and SUM190 induced extensive degradation of target mRNA and led to significant decrease in the synthesis of protein. Anti-RhoC siRNA inhibited cell proliferation and invasion, increased cell apoptosis, and induced cell cycle arrest in vitro. Moreover, the transfection of siRNA increased the expression of KAI1 and decreased the expression of MMP9 and CXCR4 in both mRNA and protein levels. Furthermore, transplantation tumor experiments in BALB/c-nu mice showed that intratumoral injection of anti-RhoC siRNA inhibited tumor growth and increased survival rate. Our results suggested that RhoC gene silencing with specific anti-RhoC siRNA would be a potential therapeutic method for metastatic breast cancer. Keywords: gene silencing, proliferation, apoptosis, cell cycle arrest

  11. One-step self-assembled nanomicelles for improving the oral bioavailability of nimodipine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luo JW

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Jing-Wen Luo, Zhi-Rong Zhang, Tao Gong, Yao Fu Key Laboratory of Drug Targeting and Drug Delivery Systems, Ministry of Education, West China School of Pharmacy, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, People’s Republic of China Abstract: Our study aimed to develop a self-assembled nanomicelle for oral administration of nimodipine (NIM with poor water solubility. Using Solutol® HS15, the NIM-loaded self-assembled nanomicelles displayed a near-spherical morphology with a narrow size distribution of 12.57±0.21 nm (polydispersity index =0.071±0.011. Compared with Nimotop® (NIM tablets, the intestinal absorption of NIM from NIM nanomicelle in rats was improved by 3.13- and 2.25-fold in duodenum and jejunum at 1 hour after oral administration. The cellular transport of NIM nanomicelle in Caco-2 cell monolayers was significantly enhanced compared to that of Nimotop®. Regarding the transport pathways, clathrin, lipid raft/caveolae, and macropinocytosis mediated the cell uptake of NIM nanomicelles, while P-glycoprotein and endoplasmic reticulum/Golgi complex (ER/Golgi pathways were involved in exocytosis. Pharmacokinetic studies in our research laboratory have showed that the area under the plasma concentration–time curve (AUC0–∞ of NIM nanomicelles was 3.72-fold that of Nimotop® via oral administration in rats. Moreover, the NIM concentration in the brain from NIM nanomicelles was dramatically improved. Therefore, Solutol® HS15-based self-assembled nanomicelles represent a promising delivery system to enhance the oral bioavailability of NIM. Keywords: nanomicelles, stability, nimodipine, oral bioavailability, transport mechanism 

  12. The efficacy and safety of alectinib in the treatment of ALK+ NSCLC: a systematic review and meta-analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fan JS

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available Junsheng Fan,1,2,* Zengfei Xia,1,* Xiaoli Zhang,1,* Yuqing Chen,1 Ruolan Qian,1 Sihan Liu,1 Danming You,1 Jian Zhang,1 Peng Luo1 1Department of Oncology, Zhujiang Hospital of Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China; 2Department of Respiratory Medicine, Shanghai Tenth People’s Hospital, Tongji University, Shanghai, China *These authors contributed equally to this work Background: Alectinib is a second-generation anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK inhibitor approved by the US Food and Drug Administration to treat crizotinib-refractory non-small cell lung cancer. We performed this meta-analysis to synthesize the results of different clinical trials to evaluate the efficacy and safety of alectinib. Methods: A search of 3 databases, including PubMed, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library, was performed from the inception of each database through September 5, 2017. We have pooled the overall response rate (ORR, disease control rate, progression-free survival, and intracranial ORR to evaluate the efficacy of alectinib. Discontinuation rate, rate of dose reduction or interruption due to adverse events as well as the incidence of several adverse events were aggregated to evaluate its safety. Results: A total of 8 studies with 626 patients have been included in our study. The pooled efficacy parameters are as follows: ORR 70% (95% CI: 57% to 82%, disease control rate 88% (95% CI: 82% to 94%, progression-free survival 9.36 months (95% CI: 7.38% to 11.34%, and intracranial ORR 52% (95% CI: 45% to 59%. ALK inhibitor-naïve patients tend to have better responses than crizotinib-pretreated patients. The aggregate discontinuation rate is 7% (95% CI: 4% to 10%, and the pooled rate of dose reduction or interruption is 33% (95% CI: 24% to 42%. The incidences of most adverse events were relatively low, while the incidences of 2 frequently reported adverse events, myalgia (18% and anemia (25%, were even higher than with the first-generation ALK inhibitor

  13. EpCAM aptamer-functionalized polydopamine-coated mesoporous silica nanoparticles loaded with DM1 for targeted therapy in colorectal cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li Y

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Yang Li,1,* Yanhong Duo,2,3,* Shiyun Bao,1 Lisheng He,4 Kai Ling,5 Jinfeng Luo,4 Yue Zhang,1 Hao Huang,2 Han Zhang,2 Xiaofang Yu1 1Department of Hepatobiliary and Pancreas Surgery, Second Clinical Medical College of Jinan University, Shenzhen People’s Hospital, 2Shenzhen Engineering Laboratory of Phosphorene and Optoelectronics, Collaborative Innovation Center for Optoelectronic Science and Technology, Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic Devices and Systems of Ministry of Education and Guangdong Province, College of Optoelectronic Engineering, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen, 3Key Laboratory of Plant Cell Activities and Stress Adaptation, Ministry of Education, School of Life Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, 4Department of Pathology, 5Institute of Respiratory Diseases, Second Clinical Medical College of Jinan University, Shenzhen People’s Hospital, Shenzhen, China *These authors contributed equally to this work Abstract: DM1, a maytansine derivative, is a highly potential cytotoxic agent but with severe side effects; therefore, its application in clinical cancer therapy is limited. Here, in order to mitigate this intrinsic drawback of DM1, we developed mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs loaded with DM1 and surface-decorated with hydrochloride dopamine (PDA, polyethylene glycol (PEG, and epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM aptamer (APt for the targeted treatment of colorectal cancer (CRC. In this system, the PDA coating could be used as pH-sensitive gatekeepers to control the release of DM1 from MSNs in response to the pH stimulus and EpCAM APt-guided active targeting enables the increased delivery of DM1 to CRC as well as a reduction in toxicity and side effects by minimizing the exposure of normal tissues to DM1. Results demonstrated that DM1 inhibited the formation of microtubules and induced apoptosis in tumor cells via caspase signaling. In comparison with the control groups, the MSNs-DM1@PDA-PEG-APt bioconjugates exhibited

  14. Roles of dopamine receptors and their antagonist thioridazine in hepatoma metastasis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lu M

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Meiling Lu,1,* Jinghua Li,1,* Zaili Luo,2,3,* Shuai Zhang,3 Shaobo Xue,1 Kesheng Wang,1 Yan Shi,4 Cunzhen Zhang,3 Haiyang Chen,3 Zhong Li1,5 1Central Laboratory, The 10th People’s Hospital, Tongji University, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China; 2International Cooperation Laboratory on Signal Transduction, Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Institute/Hospital, The Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China; 3Institution of Biomedical Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China; 4Department of Gastroenterology, The 10th People’s Hospital, Tongji University, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China; 5Zhangjiang Center for Translational Medicine, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Abstract: Tumor metastasis is the most common cause of death and poor prognosis for cancer patients. Therapeutics that prevent tumor metastasis are the key to prolonging the lifespan of cancer patients. Cancer stem cells are believed to be critical in the metastatic process. Recently, drug screening for cancer stem cells reports that antipsychotic drugs displayed potential anticancer activity. Thioridazine, one of the antipsychotic drugs for dopamine receptors (DRs, is shown to induce the differentiation of cancer stem cells in leukemic disease and breast cancer, but it is not known if this drug would affect liver cancer. In this study, expression of DR5 was higher in tumors than in nontumor adjacent tissues, while DR1 was lower in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC than those in the adjacent tissues. Other DRs were very low or undetectable. Treatment of HCC cells with thioridazine displays a dose-dependent response in HCC cell lines SNU449, LM3, and Huh7. Thioridazine treatment reduced cell viability and sphere formation of HCC cell lines through induction of G0/G1 cell cycle arrest and suppression of stemness genes CD133, OCT4, and EpCam. It also inhibited cell

  15. New name, fiaxtion of correct spelling of three leafhopper taxa (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae)

    Science.gov (United States)

    The leafhopper genus Aspidia Yang & Zhang is a junior homonym and replaced here by Sochinsogonoidea, nomen novum. Nilgiriscopus Viraktamath and Roxasellana stellata Zhang & Zhang are fixed as the correct original spellings....

  16. Isolation and identification of two galangin metabolites from rat urine ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Isolation and identification of two galangin metabolites from rat urine and determination of their in vitro hypolipidemic activity. Xuguang Zhang, Shouqian Cheng, Hailong Li, Xiaopo Zhang, Feng Chen, Youbin Li, Junqing Zhang, Yinfeng Tan ...

  17. Committees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-01

    -RESIGA Politehnica University of Timisoara Romania Kazuhiro TANAKA Kyushu Institute of Technology Japan Yoshinobu TSUJIMOTO Osaka University Japan Local Organizing Committee Chairman Yulin WU Tsinghua University Beijing Executive Chairman Zhengwei WANG Tsinghua University Beijing Members Shuliang CAO Tsinghua University Beijing Cichang CHEN South West University of Petroleum Chengdu Hongxun CHEN Shanghai University Shanghai Jiang DAI China Sanxia General Co Yichang Huashu DOU National University of Singapore Singapore Fengqin HAN Huanan University of Sci & Tech Guangzhou Kun LI Hefei Inst of General Machinery Hefei Rennian LI Lanzhou University of Sci & Tech Lanzhou Wanhong LI National Natural Science Foundation of China Beijing Chao LIU Yangzhou University Yangzhou Li LU China Inst of Water Resources and Hydropower Research Beijing Xingqi LUO Xi'an University of Tech Xi'an Zhenyue MA Dalian University of Sci & Tech Dalian Jiegang MU Zhejiang University of Tech Hangzhou Daqing QIN Harbin Electric Machinery Group Harbin Fujun WANG China Agriculture University Beijing Guoyu WANG Beijing Institute of Technology (BIT) Beijing Leqin WANG Zhejiang University Hangzhou Yuzhen WU NERCSPV Beijing Hongyuan XU Tsinghua University Beijing Jiandong YANG Wuhan University Wuhan Minguan YANG Jiangsu University Zhenjiang Shouqi YUAN Jiangsu University Zhenjiang Lefu ZHANG Harbin Electric Machinery Group Harbin Lixiang ZHANG Yunnan University of Sci & Tech Kunming Shengchang ZHANG Zhejiang University of Tech Hangzhou Kun ZHAO China Water & Electric Consulting Corp Beijing Yuan ZHENG Hehai University Nanjing Jianzhong ZHOU Huazhong University of Sci & Tech Wuhan Lingjiu ZHOU China Agriculture University Beijing Hongwu ZHU China Petroleum University Beijing Zuchao ZHU Zhejiang Sci-Tech University Hangzhou Secretaries Shuhong LIU (Academic), liushuhong@tsinghua.edu.cn Xianwu LUO (Registration), luoxw@tsinghua.edu.cn Baoshan ZHU (Finance), bszhu@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn

  18. Use of Carbon Nano-Fiber Foams as Strain Gauges to Detect Crack Propagation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-06-01

    capacitors [18]. Another example are recent attempts to use carbon fibers and carbon nanotubes to develop sensor devices. Sida Luo created aligned... Sida Luo, “Structure-property-processing relationships of single-wall carbon nanotube thin film piezoresistive sensors,” SciVerse ScienceDirect, pp

  19. African Journal of Biotechnology - Vol 10, No 7 (2011)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Effects of deoxycycline induced lentivirus encoding FasL gene on apoptosis of Th1 cells · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. H Luo, T Wang, A Luo, J Wang, Y Zhao, H Jiang, Q Shi, 1081-1087 ...

  20. Ballistic Phosphorene Transistor

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-11-19

    IEEE Electron Devices Letters 35 (7): 795-797, 2014. 2. Yexin Deng, Zhe Luo, Nathan J. Conrad, Han Liu, Yongji Gong, Sina Najmaei, Pulickel M...IEEE Electron Devices Letters 35 (7): 795-797, 2014. 2. Yexin Deng, Zhe Luo, Nathan J. Conrad, Han Liu, Yongji Gong, Sina Najmaei, Pulickel M

  1. Taxonomic review on the subgenus Tripodura Townes (Diptera: Chironomidae: Polypedilum) from China with eleven new species and a supplementary world checklist.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Ruilei; Song, Chao; Qi, Xin; Wang, Xinhua

    2016-07-05

    The subgenus Tripodura Townes of Polypedilum Kieffer from China including 26 species is reviewed. Eleven new species, named P. (T.) absensilobum Zhang & Wang sp. n., P. (T.) apiculusetosum Zhang & Wang sp. n., P. (T.) arcuatum Zhang & Wang sp. n., P. (T.) bilamella Zhang & Wang sp. n., P. (T.) conghuaense Zhang & Wang sp. n., P. (T.) dengae Zhang & Wang sp. n., P. (T.) mengmanense Zhang & Wang sp. n., P. (T.) napahaiense Zhang & Wang sp. n., P. (T.) parallelum Zhang & Wang sp. n., P. (T.) pollicium Zhang & Wang sp. n. and P. (T.) trapezium Zhang & Wang sp. n. are described and illustrated based on male imagines. Three species, P. (T.) quadriguttatum Kieffer, P. (T.) unifascia (Tokunaga) and P. (T.) udominutum Niitsuma are firstly recorded in China. A key to known male imagines of Chinese species and an updated world checklist of subgenus Tripodura are presented.

  2. The antitumor activity of a doxorubicin loaded, iRGD-modified sterically-stabilized liposome on B16-F10 melanoma cells: in vitro and in vivo evaluation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu KF

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Ke-Fu Yu,1 Wei-Qiang Zhang,1 Li-Min Luo,1 Ping Song,1 Dan Li,1 Ruo Du,1 Wei Ren,1 Dan Huang,1 Wan-Liang Lu,1,2 Xuan Zhang,1 Qiang Zhang1,2 1Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Peking University, Beijing, People’s Republic of China; 2State Key Laboratory of Natural and Biomimetic Drugs, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Peking University, Beijing, People’s Republic of China Abstract: Considering the fact that iRGD (tumor-homing peptide demonstrates tumor-targeting and tumor-penetrating activity, and that B16-F10 (murine melanoma cells overexpress both αv integrin receptor and neuropilin-1 (NRP-1, the purpose of this study was to prepare a novel doxorubicin (DOX-loaded, iRGD-modified, sterically-stabilized liposome (SSL (iRGD-SSL-DOX in order to evaluate its antitumor activity on B16-F10 melanoma cells in vitro and in vivo. The iRGD-SSL-DOX was prepared using a thin-film hydration method. The characteristics of iRGD-SSL-DOX were evaluated. The in vitro leakage of DOX from iRGD-SSL-DOX was tested. The in vitro tumor-targeting and tumor-penetrating characteristics of iRGD-modified liposomes on B16-F10 cells were investigated. The in vivo tumor-targeting and tumor-penetrating activities of iRGD-modified liposomes were performed in B16-F10 tumor-bearing nude mice. The antitumor effect of iRGD-SSL-DOX was evaluated in B16-F10 tumor-bearing C57BL/6 mice in vivo. The average particle size of the iRGD-SSL-DOX was found to be 91 nm with a polydispersity index (PDI of 0.16. The entrapment efficiency of iRGD-SSL-DOX was 98.36%. The leakage of DOX from iRGD-SSL-DOX at the 24-hour time point was only 7.5%. The results obtained from the in vitro flow cytometry and confocal microscopy, as well as in vivo biodistribution and confocal immunofluorescence microscopy experiments, indicate that the tumor-targeting and tumor-penetrating activity of the iRGD-modified SSL was higher than that of unmodified SSL. In vivo antitumor activity

  3. Effect of nitrates on embryo induction efficiency in cotton (Gossypium ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Fred

    cotton species (Zhang, 1994b). Somatic embryogenesis and plant regeneration systems have been established from cotton tissue, protoplasts and ovules (Zhang and Li,. 1992; Feng and Zhang, 1994; Zhang, 1995). Regeneration procedures have been used to obtain genetically modified plants after Agrobacterium- ...

  4. AcEST: DK947295 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available lejandro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb Miller, and David J. Lipma...TX 2.2.19 [Nov-02-2008] Reference: Altschul, Stephen F., Thomas L. Madden, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Web

  5. AcEST: BP915851 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available as L. Madden, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb Miller, and David J. Lipman (1997), Ga...inghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb Miller, and David J. Lipman (1997), Gapped BLAST and PSI-BLAST: a new genera

  6. AcEST: DK947606 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 2.19 [Nov-02-2008] Reference: Altschul, Stephen F., Thomas L. Madden, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Web...tschul, Stephen F., Thomas L. Madden, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb Miller, and Da

  7. AcEST: DK945626 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available as L. Madden, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb Miller, and David J. Lipman (1997), Ga...fer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb Miller, and David J. Lipman (1997), Gapped BLAST and PSI-BLAST: a new

  8. AcEST: BP917354 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ephen F., Thomas L. Madden, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb Miller, and David J. Lip...A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb Miller, and David J. Lipman (1997), Gapped BLAST and PSI-BLAST

  9. AcEST: BP914199 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available X 2.2.19 [Nov-02-2008] Reference: Altschul, Stephen F., Thomas L. Madden, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Web...chul, Stephen F., Thomas L. Madden, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb Miller, and Davi

  10. AcEST: DK947734 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available , Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb Miller, and David J. Lipman (1997), Gapped BLAST a...LASTX 2.2.19 [Nov-02-2008] Reference: Altschul, Stephen F., Thomas L. Madden, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Web

  11. AcEST: DK944111 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available TX 2.2.19 [Nov-02-2008] Reference: Altschul, Stephen F., Thomas L. Madden, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Web...e: Altschul, Stephen F., Thomas L. Madden, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb Miller, a

  12. AcEST: DK944786 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb Miller, and David J. Lipman (1997), Gapped BLAST and PSI-BLAST: a new...2-2008] Reference: Altschul, Stephen F., Thomas L. Madden, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Web

  13. AcEST: DK962944 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available haffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb Miller, and David J. Lipman (1997), Gapped BLAST and PSI-BLAST: a n...-02-2008] Reference: Altschul, Stephen F., Thomas L. Madden, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Web

  14. AcEST: DK944993 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available BLASTX 2.2.19 [Nov-02-2008] Reference: Altschul, Stephen F., Thomas L. Madden, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Web...rence: Altschul, Stephen F., Thomas L. Madden, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb Mille

  15. AcEST: DK944090 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available .2.19 [Nov-02-2008] Reference: Altschul, Stephen F., Thomas L. Madden, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Web...ltschul, Stephen F., Thomas L. Madden, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb Miller, and D

  16. AcEST: DK943839 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available TX 2.2.19 [Nov-02-2008] Reference: Altschul, Stephen F., Thomas L. Madden, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Web...e: Altschul, Stephen F., Thomas L. Madden, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb Miller, a

  17. AcEST: DK946179 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ndro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb Miller, and David J. Lipman (1997), Gapped BLAST and PSI-....2.19 [Nov-02-2008] Reference: Altschul, Stephen F., Thomas L. Madden, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Web

  18. AcEST: DK953429 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available andro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb Miller, and David J. Lipman (1997), Gapped BLAST and PSI...2.2.19 [Nov-02-2008] Reference: Altschul, Stephen F., Thomas L. Madden, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Web

  19. AcEST: DK947103 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available dro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb Miller, and David J. Lipman (1997), Gapped BLAST and PSI-B...2.19 [Nov-02-2008] Reference: Altschul, Stephen F., Thomas L. Madden, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Web

  20. AcEST: BP920688 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available mas L. Madden, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb Miller, and David J. Lipman (1997), G...Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb Miller, and David J. Lipman (1997), Gapped BLAST and PSI-BLAST: a new gener

  1. AcEST: DK947545 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available adden, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb Miller, and David J. Lipman (1997), Gapped BL...nghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb Miller, and David J. Lipman (1997), Gapped BLAST and PSI-BLAST: a new generat

  2. AcEST: DK962421 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available den, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb Miller, and David J....t BLASTX 2.2.19 [Nov-02-2008] Reference: Altschul, Stephen F., Thomas L. Madden, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jing...hui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb Miller, and David J. Lipman (1997), Gapped BLAST and

  3. AcEST: DK946199 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ndro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb Miller, and David J. Lipman (1997), Gapped BLAST and PSI-....2.19 [Nov-02-2008] Reference: Altschul, Stephen F., Thomas L. Madden, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Web

  4. AcEST: DK943815 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ASTX 2.2.19 [Nov-02-2008] Reference: Altschul, Stephen F., Thomas L. Madden, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Web...nce: Altschul, Stephen F., Thomas L. Madden, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb Miller,

  5. AcEST: DK947352 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available s L. Madden, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb Miller, and David J. Lipman (1997), Gap...er, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb Miller, and David J. Lipman (1997), Gapped BLAST and PSI-BLAST: a new g

  6. AcEST: DK946153 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available BLASTX 2.2.19 [Nov-02-2008] Reference: Altschul, Stephen F., Thomas L. Madden, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Web...rence: Altschul, Stephen F., Thomas L. Madden, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb Mille

  7. AcEST: BP912236 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available mas L. Madden, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb Miller, and David J. Lipman (1997), G...Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb Miller, and David J. Lipman (1997), Gapped BLAST and PSI-BLAST: a new gener

  8. AcEST: DK945776 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available [Nov-02-2008] Reference: Altschul, Stephen F., Thomas L. Madden, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Web...l, Stephen F., Thomas L. Madden, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb Miller, and David J

  9. AcEST: DK946553 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ejandro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb Miller, and David J. Lipman...X 2.2.19 [Nov-02-2008] Reference: Altschul, Stephen F., Thomas L. Madden, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Web

  10. AcEST: DK944951 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available STX 2.2.19 [Nov-02-2008] Reference: Altschul, Stephen F., Thomas L. Madden, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Web...ce: Altschul, Stephen F., Thomas L. Madden, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb Miller,

  11. AcEST: BP920620 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available [Nov-02-2008] Reference: Altschul, Stephen F., Thomas L. Madden, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Web...ephen F., Thomas L. Madden, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb Miller, and David J. Lip

  12. AcEST: DK944702 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available TX 2.2.19 [Nov-02-2008] Reference: Altschul, Stephen F., Thomas L. Madden, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Web...e: Altschul, Stephen F., Thomas L. Madden, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb Miller, a

  13. AcEST: DK952372 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available den, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb Miller, and David J....t BLASTX 2.2.19 [Nov-02-2008] Reference: Altschul, Stephen F., Thomas L. Madden, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jing...hui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb Miller, and David J. Lipman (1997), Gapped BLAST and

  14. AcEST: BP920873 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available e: Altschul, Stephen F., Thomas L. Madden, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb Miller, a...t BLASTX 2.2.19 [Nov-02-2008] Reference: Altschul, Stephen F., Thomas L. Madden, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jing...hui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb Miller, and David J. Lipman (1997), Gapped BLAST and

  15. AcEST: DK943941 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available n F., Thomas L. Madden, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb Miller, and David J. Lipman ...o A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb Miller, and David J. Lipman (1997), Gapped BLAST and PSI-BLA

  16. AcEST: DK944579 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ASTX 2.2.19 [Nov-02-2008] Reference: Altschul, Stephen F., Thomas L. Madden, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Web...nce: Altschul, Stephen F., Thomas L. Madden, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb Miller,

  17. a new record of zoraptera (insecta) from kenya, with remarks on their

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... Kenyan species has rather fine, short, and comparatively simple metafemoral spines ... The structure found in the current species might be related to this type of .... D.K. Yeates, K. Yoshizawa, Q. Zhang, R. Zhang, W. Zhang, Y. Zhang, J. Zhao,.

  18. PREFACE: International Conference on Inverse Problems 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hon, Yiu-Chung; Ling, Leevan

    2011-03-01

    Sciences, South KoreaYu Jiang, Hokkaido University, JapanDe-Xing Kong, Zhejiang University, ChinaOlga Krivorotko, Novosibirsk State University, RussiaPhilipp Küegler, Austrian Academy of Sciences, AustriaKiwoon Kwon, Dongguk University, South KoreaChun-Kong Law, National Sun Yat-sen University, TaiwanJune-Yub Lee, Ewha Womans University, South KoreaMing Li, City University of Hong Kong, HKSARMikyoung Lim, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), South KoreaJijun Liu, Southeast University, ChinaXiaodong Liu, Chinese Academy of Sciences, ChinaFuming Ma, Jilin University, ChinaHang Ma, Shanghai University, ChinaValdemar Melicher, Ghent University, BelgiumGen Nakamura, Hokkaido University, JapanLong Tuan Nguyen, Ruhr-Universitat Bochum, GermanyEtibar Panakhov, Firat University, TurkeyRobert Plato, University of Siegen, GermanyJean-Pierre Puel, The University of Tokyo, JapanHans-Jürgen Reinhardt, University of Siegen, GermanyMaxim Shishlenin, Sobolev Institute of Mathematics, RussiaIlya Silvestrov, Institute of Petroleum Geology and Geophysics SB RAS, RussiaMourad Sini, Austrian Academy of Sciences, AustriaJán Sládek, Slovak Academy of Sciences, SlovakiaZhijun Tan, Sun Yat-sen University, ChinaQuan-Fang Wang, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, HKSARWenyan Wang, The University of Tokyo, JapanPihua Wen, Queen Mary, University of London, UKZhihai Xiang, Tsinghua University, ChinaXiang-Tuan Xiong, Northwest Normal University, ChinaDinghua Xu, Zhejiang Sci-Tech University, ChinaYongzhi Steve Xu, University of Louisville, USAJiaqing Yang, Chinese Academy of Sciences, ChinaJian Zhang, Sichuan Normal University, ChinaYing Zhang, Fudan University, ChinaTing Zhou, University of Washington, USAJianxin Zhu, Zhejiang University, China Advisory BoardH Thomas Banks, North Carolina State University, USATony F Chan, The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, HKSARHeinz W Engl, Johannes Kepler Universitát Linz, AustriaRainer Kress, Georg-August-Universitát G

  19. Development of the scintillator-based probe for fast-ion losses in the HL-2A tokamak

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhang, Y. P.; Liu, Yi; Yuan, G. L.; Song, X. Y.; Yang, J. W.; Li, X.; Chen, W.; Li, Y.; Yan, L. W.; Song, X. M.; Yang, Q. W.; Duan, X. R.; Luo, X. B.; Liu, Y. Q.; Hua, Y.; Isobe, M.

    2014-01-01

    A new scintillator-based lost fast-ion probe (SLIP) has been developed and operated in the HL-2A tokamak [L. W. Yan, X. R. Duan, X. T. Ding, J. Q. Dong, Q. W. Yang, Yi Liu, X. L. Zou, D. Q. Liu, W. M. Xuan, L. Y. Chen, J. Rao, X. M. Song, Y. Huang, W. C. Mao, Q. M. Wang, Q. Li, Z. Cao, B. Li, J. Y. Cao, G. J. Lei, J. H. Zhang, X. D. Li, W. Chen, J. Chen, C. H. Cui, Z. Y. Cui, Z. C. Deng, Y. B. Dong, B. B. Feng, Q. D. Gao, X. Y. Han, W. Y. Hong, M. Huang, X. Q. Ji, Z. H. Kang, D. F. Kong, T. Lan, G. S. Li, H. J. Li, Qing Li, W. Li, Y. G. Li, A. D. Liu, Z. T. Liu, C. W. Luo, X. H. Mao, Y. D. Pan, J. F. Peng, Z. B. Shi, S. D. Song, X. Y. Song, H. J. Sun, A. K. Wang, M. X. Wang, Y. Q. Wang, W. W. Xiao, Y. F. Xie, L. H. Yao, D. L. Yu, B. S. Yuan, K. J. Zhao, G. W. Zhong, J. Zhou, J. C. Yan, C. X. Yu, C. H. Pan, Y. Liu, and the HL-2A Team , Nucl. Fusion 51, 094016 (2011)] to measure the losses of neutral beam ions. The design of the probe is based on the concept of the α-particle detectors on Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor (TFTR) using scintillator plates. The probe is capable of traveling across an equatorial plane port and sweeping the aperture angle rotationally with respect to the axis of the probe shaft by two step motors, in order to optimize the radial position and the collimator angle. The energy and the pitch angle of the lost fast ions can be simultaneously measured if the two-dimensional image of scintillation light intensity due to the impact of the lost fast ions is detected. Measurements of the fast-ion losses using the probe have been performed during HL-2A neutral beam injection discharges. The clear experimental evidence of enhanced losses of beam ions during disruptions has been obtained by means of the SLIP system. A detailed description of the probe system and the first experimental results are reported

  20. Development of the scintillator-based probe for fast-ion losses in the HL-2A tokamak

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhang, Y. P., E-mail: zhangyp@swip.ac.cn; Liu, Yi; Yuan, G. L.; Song, X. Y.; Yang, J. W.; Li, X.; Chen, W.; Li, Y.; Yan, L. W.; Song, X. M.; Yang, Q. W.; Duan, X. R. [Southwestern Institute of Physics, P.O. Box 432, Chengdu 610041 (China); Luo, X. B.; Liu, Y. Q.; Hua, Y. [Institute of Nuclear Science and Technology, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041 (China); Isobe, M. [National Institute for Fusion Science, 322-6 Oroshi-cho, Toki 509-5259 (Japan)

    2014-05-15

    A new scintillator-based lost fast-ion probe (SLIP) has been developed and operated in the HL-2A tokamak [L. W. Yan, X. R. Duan, X. T. Ding, J. Q. Dong, Q. W. Yang, Yi Liu, X. L. Zou, D. Q. Liu, W. M. Xuan, L. Y. Chen, J. Rao, X. M. Song, Y. Huang, W. C. Mao, Q. M. Wang, Q. Li, Z. Cao, B. Li, J. Y. Cao, G. J. Lei, J. H. Zhang, X. D. Li, W. Chen, J. Chen, C. H. Cui, Z. Y. Cui, Z. C. Deng, Y. B. Dong, B. B. Feng, Q. D. Gao, X. Y. Han, W. Y. Hong, M. Huang, X. Q. Ji, Z. H. Kang, D. F. Kong, T. Lan, G. S. Li, H. J. Li, Qing Li, W. Li, Y. G. Li, A. D. Liu, Z. T. Liu, C. W. Luo, X. H. Mao, Y. D. Pan, J. F. Peng, Z. B. Shi, S. D. Song, X. Y. Song, H. J. Sun, A. K. Wang, M. X. Wang, Y. Q. Wang, W. W. Xiao, Y. F. Xie, L. H. Yao, D. L. Yu, B. S. Yuan, K. J. Zhao, G. W. Zhong, J. Zhou, J. C. Yan, C. X. Yu, C. H. Pan, Y. Liu, and the HL-2A Team , Nucl. Fusion 51, 094016 (2011)] to measure the losses of neutral beam ions. The design of the probe is based on the concept of the α-particle detectors on Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor (TFTR) using scintillator plates. The probe is capable of traveling across an equatorial plane port and sweeping the aperture angle rotationally with respect to the axis of the probe shaft by two step motors, in order to optimize the radial position and the collimator angle. The energy and the pitch angle of the lost fast ions can be simultaneously measured if the two-dimensional image of scintillation light intensity due to the impact of the lost fast ions is detected. Measurements of the fast-ion losses using the probe have been performed during HL-2A neutral beam injection discharges. The clear experimental evidence of enhanced losses of beam ions during disruptions has been obtained by means of the SLIP system. A detailed description of the probe system and the first experimental results are reported.

  1. mHealth Interventions for Health System Strengthening in China: A Systematic Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tian, Maoyi; Zhang, Jing; Luo, Rong; Chen, Shi; Petrovic, Djordje; Redfern, Julie; Xu, Dong Roman; Patel, Anushka

    2017-03-16

    Health interventions, target disadvantaged populations with mHealth interventions, and generate appropriate evidence for scalable and sustainable models of care. ©Maoyi Tian, Jing Zhang, Rong Luo, Shi Chen, Djordje Petrovic, Julie Redfern, Dong Roman Xu, Anushka Patel. Originally published in JMIR Mhealth and Uhealth (http://mhealth.jmir.org), 16.03.2017.

  2. Enhanced antitumor efficacy of poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide-based methotrexate-loaded implants on sarcoma 180 tumor-bearing mice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gao L

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Li Gao,1,2 Lunyang Xia,3 Ruhui Zhang,1 Dandan Duan,3 Xiuxiu Liu,2 Jianjian Xu,2 Lan Luo1 1State Key Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, School of Life Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing, 2School of Biological and Medical Engineering, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei, 3Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Research, Anhui Zhongren Science and Technology Co., Ltd., Hefei, People’s Republic of China Purpose: Methotrexate is widely used in chemotherapy for a variety of malignancies. However, severe toxicity, poor pharmacokinetics, and narrow safety margin of methotrexate limit its clinical application. The aim of this study was to develop sustained-release methotrexate-loaded implants and evaluate antitumor activity of the implants after intratumoral implantation. Materials and methods: We prepared the implants containing methotrexate, poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide, and polyethylene glycol 4000 with the melt-molding technique. The implants were characterized with regards to drug content, morphology, in vitro, and in vivo release profiles. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR were carried out to investigate the physicochemical properties of the implants. Furthermore, the antitumor activity of the implants was tested in a sarcoma 180 mouse model. Results: The implants were prepared as solid rods. Scanning electron microscopy images showed a smooth surface of the implant, suggesting that methotrexate was homogeneously dispersed in the polymeric matrix. The results of DSC and FTIR indicated that no significant interaction between methotrexate and the polymer was observed in the implants. Both in vitro and in vivo release profiles of the implants were characterized by burst release followed by sustained release of methotrexate. Intratumoral implantation of methotrexate-loaded implants could efficiently delay tumor growth. Moreover, an increase in the dose of implants led to a higher tumor

  3. Cross-cultural validation of the educational needs assessment tool into Chinese for use in severe knee osteoarthritis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhao H

    2018-05-01

    Full Text Available Huiwen Zhao,1,* Zhe Dong,2,* Fei Xie,3,4 Guanxin Wang,2 Zhihua Wen,5 Lixia Zhang,5 Mwidimi Ndosi,6,7 Wen Luo1 1Joint Department, The 2nd Ward of Joint Surgery, Tianjin Hospital, Tianjin, China; 2Medical Examination Center, No 6 Hospital, Beijing, China; 3Nursing Experimental Teaching Center, Tianjin Hospital, Tianjin, China; 4College of Nursing, Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Tianjin, China; 5Joint Department, The 1st Ward of Joint Surgery, Tianjin Hospital, Tianjin, China; 6Department of Nursing, University of the West of England, Bristol, UK; 7Academic Rheumatology Unit, Bristol Teaching Hospitals, Bristol, UK *These authors contributed equally to this work Background: Patient education is an integral part of the management of osteoarthritis. The educational needs assessment tool (ENAT was developed in the UK to help direct needs-based patient education in rheumatic diseases. Aim: The aim of the study was to adapt and validate the ENAT into Chinese, for use in severe knee osteoarthritis (KOA. Methods: This cross-cultural validation study took two phases: 1 adaptation of the ENAT into Chinese (CENAT and 2 validation of the CENAT. The Construct validity was determined using factor analysis and criterion-related validity by comparing data from CENAT with data from different self-efficacy scales: patient–physician interactions scale (PEPPI-10, self-efficacy for rehabilitation outcome scale (SER, and the self-efficacy for exercise scale (SEE. Results: The sample comprised 196 patients, with mean age 63.6±8.7 years, disease duration was 11.5 years, and 57.1% were female. The CENAT was found to have high internal consistency. The CENAT had weak correlations with the Chinese versions of PEPPI r=0.40, SER r=0.40, and SEE r=0.39. There were no correlations with age r=-0.03 or disease duration r=-0.11. Conclusion: The ENAT translated well into Chinese and has evidence of validity in KOA. Future studies will further inform its

  4. Development of the scintillator-based probe for fast-ion losses in the HL-2A tokamak

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Y. P.; Liu, Yi; Luo, X. B.; Isobe, M.; Yuan, G. L.; Liu, Y. Q.; Hua, Y.; Song, X. Y.; Yang, J. W.; Li, X.; Chen, W.; Li, Y.; Yan, L. W.; Song, X. M.; Yang, Q. W.; Duan, X. R.

    2014-05-01

    A new scintillator-based lost fast-ion probe (SLIP) has been developed and operated in the HL-2A tokamak [L. W. Yan, X. R. Duan, X. T. Ding, J. Q. Dong, Q. W. Yang, Yi Liu, X. L. Zou, D. Q. Liu, W. M. Xuan, L. Y. Chen, J. Rao, X. M. Song, Y. Huang, W. C. Mao, Q. M. Wang, Q. Li, Z. Cao, B. Li, J. Y. Cao, G. J. Lei, J. H. Zhang, X. D. Li, W. Chen, J. Chen, C. H. Cui, Z. Y. Cui, Z. C. Deng, Y. B. Dong, B. B. Feng, Q. D. Gao, X. Y. Han, W. Y. Hong, M. Huang, X. Q. Ji, Z. H. Kang, D. F. Kong, T. Lan, G. S. Li, H. J. Li, Qing Li, W. Li, Y. G. Li, A. D. Liu, Z. T. Liu, C. W. Luo, X. H. Mao, Y. D. Pan, J. F. Peng, Z. B. Shi, S. D. Song, X. Y. Song, H. J. Sun, A. K. Wang, M. X. Wang, Y. Q. Wang, W. W. Xiao, Y. F. Xie, L. H. Yao, D. L. Yu, B. S. Yuan, K. J. Zhao, G. W. Zhong, J. Zhou, J. C. Yan, C. X. Yu, C. H. Pan, Y. Liu, and the HL-2A Team, Nucl. Fusion 51, 094016 (2011)] to measure the losses of neutral beam ions. The design of the probe is based on the concept of the α-particle detectors on Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor (TFTR) using scintillator plates. The probe is capable of traveling across an equatorial plane port and sweeping the aperture angle rotationally with respect to the axis of the probe shaft by two step motors, in order to optimize the radial position and the collimator angle. The energy and the pitch angle of the lost fast ions can be simultaneously measured if the two-dimensional image of scintillation light intensity due to the impact of the lost fast ions is detected. Measurements of the fast-ion losses using the probe have been performed during HL-2A neutral beam injection discharges. The clear experimental evidence of enhanced losses of beam ions during disruptions has been obtained by means of the SLIP system. A detailed description of the probe system and the first experimental results are reported.

  5. Experimental study of tissue-engineered cartilage allograft with RNAi chondrocytes in vivo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wang ZH

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Zhenghui Wang,1 Xiaoli Li,2 Xi-Jing He,3 Xianghong Zhang,1 Zhuangqun Yang,4 Min Xu,1 Baojun Wu,1 Junbo Tu,5 Huanan Luo,1 Jing Yan11Department of Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery, 2Department of Dermatology, 3Department of Orthopedics, The Second Hospital, Xi’an Jiaotong University, 4Department of Plastic and Burns Surgery, The First Hospital, Xi’an Jiaotong University, 5Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Plastic Surgery, The Stomatological Hospital, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an, People’s Republic of ChinaPurpose: To determine the effects of RNA interference (RNAi on chondrocyte proliferation, function, and immunological rejection after allogenic tissue-engineered cartilage transplantation within bone matrix gelatin scaffolds.Methods: Seven million rat normal and RNAi chondrocytes were harvested and separately composited with fibrin glue to make the cell suspension, and then transplanted subcutaneously into the back of Sprague Dawley rats after being cultured for 10 days in vitro. Untransplanted animals served as the control group. The allograft and immunological response were examined at 1, 2, 4, 8, and 12 months postoperatively with hematoxylin and eosin histochemical staining, immunohistochemical staining (aggrecan, type II collagen, class I and II major histocompatibility complex, and flow cytometry for peripheral blood cluster of differentiation 4+ (CD4+ and CD8+ T-cells.Results: There was no infection or death in the rats except one, which died in the first week. Compared to the control group, the RNAi group had fewer eukomonocytes infiltrated, which were only distributed around the graft. The ratio of CD4+/CD8+ T-cells in the RNAi group was significantly lower than the normal one (P<0.05. There were many more positively stained chondrocytes and positively stained areas around the cells in the RNAi group, which were not found in the control group.Conclusion: The aggrecanase-1 and aggrecanase-2 RNAi for chondrocytes

  6. Mesenchymal stem cell-based NK4 gene therapy in nude mice bearing gastric cancer xenografts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhu Y

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Yin Zhu,1,* Ming Cheng,2,* Zhen Yang,3 Chun-Yan Zeng,3 Jiang Chen,3 Yong Xie,3 Shi-Wen Luo,3 Kun-He Zhang,3 Shu-Feng Zhou,4 Nong-Hua Lu1,31Department of Gastroenterology, 2Department of Orthopedics, 3Institute of Digestive Disease, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Jiangxi, People’s Republic of China; 4Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA*These authors contributed equally to this workAbstract: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs have been recognized as promising delivery vehicles for gene therapy of tumors. Gastric cancer is the third leading cause of worldwide cancer mortality, and novel treatment modalities are urgently needed. NK4 is an antagonist of hepatocyte growth factor receptors (Met which are often aberrantly activated in gastric cancer and thus represent a useful candidate for targeted therapies. This study investigated MSC-delivered NK4 gene therapy in nude mice bearing gastric cancer xenografts. MSCs were transduced with lentiviral vectors carrying NK4 complementary DNA or enhanced green fluorescent protein (GFP. Such transduction did not change the phenotype of MSCs. Gastric cancer xenografts were established in BALB/C nude mice, and the mice were treated with phosphate-buffered saline (PBS, MSCs-GFP, Lenti-NK4, or MSCs-NK4. The tropism of MSCs toward gastric cancer cells was determined by an in vitro migration assay using MKN45 cells, GES-1 cells and human fibroblasts and their presence in tumor xenografts. Tumor growth, tumor cell apoptosis and intratumoral microvessel density of tumor tissue were measured in nude mice bearing gastric cancer xenografts treated with PBS, MSCs-GFP, Lenti-NK4, or MSCs-NK4 via tail vein injection. The results showed that MSCs migrated preferably to gastric cancer cells in vitro. Systemic MSCs-NK4 injection significantly suppressed the growth of gastric cancer xenografts. MSCs-NK4 migrated and accumulated in tumor

  7. Comparison of the cellular transport mechanism of cationic, star-shaped polymers and liposomes in HaCat cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luo H

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Heng-Cong Luo,1,2,* Na Li,1,* Li Yan,1 Kai-jin Mai,3 Kan Sun,1 Wei Wang,1 Guo-Juan Lao,1 Chuan Yang,1 Li-Ming Zhang,3 Meng Ren1 1Department of Endocrinology, Sun Yat-Sen Memorial Hospital, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Malignant Tumor Epigenetics and Gene Regulation Medical Research Center, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Endocrinology, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, People’s Republic of China; 3School of Materials Science and Engineering, School of Chemistry, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, People’s Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Abstract: Several biological barriers must be overcome to achieve efficient nonviral gene delivery. These barriers include target cell uptake, lysosomal degradation, and dissociation from the carrier. In this study, we compared the differences in the uptake mechanism of cationic, star-shaped polymer/MMP-9siRNA complexes (β-CD-(D37/MMP-9siRNA complexes: polyplexes and commercial liposome/MMP-9siRNA complexes (Lipofectamine® 2000/MMP-9siRNA complexes: liposomes. The uptake pathway and transfection efficiency of the polyplexes and liposomes were determined by fluorescence microscopy, flow cytometry, and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction. The occurrence of intracellular processing was assessed by confocal laser scanning microscopy. Endosomal acidification inhibitors were used to explore the endosomal escape mechanisms of the polyplexes and lysosomes. We concluded that the polyplexes were internalized by non-caveolae- and non-clathrin-mediated pathways, with no lysosomal trafficking, thereby inducing successful transfection, while the majority of liposomes were internalized by clathrin-dependent endocytosis (CDE, caveolae-mediated endocytosis, and macropinocytosis, and only CDE induced successful transfection. Liposomes might escape more quickly than polyplexes, and

  8. Codelivery of curcumin and doxorubicin by MPEG-PCL results in improved efficacy of systemically administered chemotherapy in mice with lung cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wang BL

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Bi-Lan Wang,1,* Yong-mei Shen,1,3,* Qiong-wen Zhang,1,* Yu-li Li,1 Min Luo,1 Ze Liu,1,2 Yan Li,1 Zhi-yong Qian,1 Xiang Gao,1 Hua-shan Shi1,2 1State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy and Cancer Center, West China Hospital, West China Medicine School, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, 2State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy and Department of Head and Neck Oncology, West China Hospital, West China Medical School, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, 3Sichuang Haoyisheng Pharmacy, Chengdu, People’s Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Abstract: Systemic administration of chemotherapy for cancer often has toxic side effects, limiting the doses that can be used in its treatment. In this study, we developed methoxy poly(ethylene glycol-poly(caprolactone (MPEG-PCL micelles loaded with curcumin and doxorubicin (Cur-Dox/MPEG-PCL that were tolerated by recipient mice and had enhanced antitumor effects and fewer side effects. It was shown that these Cur-Dox/MPEG-PCL micelles could release curcumin and doxorubicin slowly in vitro. The long circulation time of MPEG-PCL micelles and the slow rate of release of curcumin and doxorubicin in vivo may help to maintain plasma concentrations of active drug. We also demonstrated that Cur-Dox/MPEG-PCL had improved antitumor effects both in vivo and in vitro. The mechanism by which Cur-Dox/MPEG-PCL micelles inhibit lung cancer might involve increased apoptosis of tumor cells and inhibition of tumor angiogenesis. We found advantages using Cur-Dox/MPEG-PCL micelles in the treatment of cancer, with Cur-Dox/MPEG-PCL achieving better inhibition of LL/2 lung cancer growth in vivo and in vitro. Our study indicates that Cur-Dox/MPEG-PCL micelles may be an effective treatment strategy for cancer in the future. Keywords: methoxy poly(ethylene glycol, poly(caprolactone, curcumin, doxorubicin, micelles, cancer, treatment

  9. A novel herbal treatment reduces depressive-like behaviors and increases brain-derived neurotrophic factor levels in the brain of type 2 diabetic rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luo C

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Chun Luo,1,* Yuting Ke,1,* Yanyan Yuan,1 Ming Zhao,1 Fuyan Wang,1 Yisheng Zhang,2 Shizhong Bu1 1Runliang Diabetes Laboratory, Diabetes Research Center, Ningbo University, 2Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Ningbo Medical Center, Li Huili Eastern Hospital, Ningbo, Zhejiang, People’s Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Background: Radix Puerariae and hawthorn fruit have been demonstrated to treat diabetes. They offer potential benefits for preventing depression in diabetes. Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate whether the combination of Radix Puerariae and hawthorn fruit (CRPHF could prevent depression in a diabetic rat model generated by feeding the rats with a high-fat diet and a low-dose streptozotocin (STZ. Methods: The CRPHF was provided by the Shanghai Chinese Traditional Medical University. Twenty-four rats were randomly divided into four groups: normal control, normal-given-CRPHF (NC, diabetic control, and diabetic-given-CRPHF (DC groups. The type 2 diabetic model was created by feeding the rats with a high-fat diet for 4 weeks followed by injection of 25 mg/kg STZ. CRPHF was given at 2 g/kg/d to the rats of NC and DC groups by intragastric gavage daily for 4 weeks after the type 2 diabetic model was successfully created. Body weight, random blood glucose (RBG, oral glucose tolerance test, total cholesterol (TC, triglyceride (TG, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C were measured during the study. Depressive-like behavior was evaluated at the end of the treatment by using the open field test (OFT, the elevated plus-maze test (EPMT, locomotor activity test (LAT, and forced swimming test (FST. Levels of extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF in the prefrontal cortex were evaluated by using Western blot. Results: 1 CRPHF reduced RBG and improved glucose tolerance in diabetic rats

  10. Expression of YY1 correlates with progression and metastasis in esophageal squamous cell carcinomas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luo J

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Judong Luo,1,* Xin Jiang,1,* LiLi Cao,2,* Kejun Dai,1 Shuyu Zhang,3,4 Xin Ge,3,4 Xifa Zhou,1 Xujing Lu1 1Department of Radiotherapy, Changzhou Tumor Hospital, Soochow University, Changzhou, People's Republic of China; 2Department of Molecular Radiobiology, Research Institute for Radiation Biology and Medicine, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, Japan; 3School of Radiation Medicine and Protection and Jiangsu Provincial Key Laboratory of Radiation Medicine and Protection, 4Collaborative Innovation Center of Radiation Medicine of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions and School for Radiological and Interdisciplinary Sciences (RAD-X, Soochow University, Suzhou, People's Republic of China  *These authors contributed equally to this work Objective: Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC is one of the deadliest cancers worldwide. Yin Yang 1 (YY1 is a ubiquitous and multifunctional zinc-finger transcription factor that plays important biological functions in cell homeostasis and tumorigenesis. The purpose of this study was to investigate the expression of YY1 in different ESCC tissues and the potential relationship with clinicopathological features. Methods: One hundred and four ESCC tissues were collected in this study. The protein levels of YY1 were measured by immunohistochemistry. TE-1 cell invasion in vitro was assessed using the Transwell assay. Results: There were no obvious differences between expression levels in patients over age 64 and those younger than 64, and no noticeable distinction was observed between males and females. However, the YY1 protein level was significantly higher in ESCC tissues with lymph node metastasis than those without lymph node metastasis (P=0.042. Furthermore, the expression of the YY1 protein was stronger in stage III–IV patients than in stage I–II patients (P=0.002, but the protein levels between different histological grades (well, moderate, or poor showed no statistical significance. Similarly, there was no

  11. Uncemented three-dimensional-printed prosthetic replacement for giant cell tumor of distal radius: a new design of prosthesis and surgical techniques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lu MX

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available Minxun Lu,* Li Min,* Cong Xiao, Yongjiang Li, Yi Luo, Yong Zhou, Wenli Zhang, Chongqi Tu Department of Orthopedics, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, People’s Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Introduction: Currently, it is challenging to treat giant cell tumor (GCT of distal radius. For Campanacci grade III or recurrent GCTs, en bloc resection has been accepted as a better treatment option. Although numerous methods are available for reconstruction, all of them have some limitations in joint function and complications. In this study, our aims were to treat the GCT of distal radius with uncemented three-dimensional (3D-printed prosthesis and to present and evaluate the surgical techniques and short-term outcomes. Methods: Between September 2015 and March 2017, 11 patients with distal radius GCTs were treated with personalized uncemented 3D-printed prosthesis. The preoperative/postoperative pain, range of motion, and grip strengths of all patients were evaluated. Oncological results, complications, and degenerative changes in the wrist joint were evaluated. Functional outcomes were assessed according to the disabilities of the arm, shoulder, and hand (DASH questionnaire and Mayo wrist scoring systems. Results: The average follow-up was 14.45 months (range, 8–18 months. There was a significant decrease in the mean postoperative visual analog scale score (2.33 compared with the preoperative score (5.22; p<0.001. The mean DASH score and Mayo wrist score of the wrist joint function were 18.7 and 72, respectively. There was no local recurrence or lung metastasis. No complication associated with prosthesis was observed, including aseptic loosening, subluxation, and breakage. Joint space narrowing, or disuse osteoporosis, was also not found in all cases. Conclusion: En bloc resection and reconstruction with a personalized uncemented 3D-printed prosthesis can be alternative options to

  12. Are symbols useful and culturally acceptable in health-state valuation studies? An exploratory study in a multi-ethnic Asian population

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hwee-Lin

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Hwee-Lin, Wee1, Shu-Chuen Li2, Xu-Hao Zhang1, Feng Xie3, David Feeny4, Nan Luo5, Yin-Bun Cheung6, David Machin7, Kok-Yong Fong8, Julian Thumboo81Department of Pharmacy, National University of Singapore (NUS, Singapore; 2Discipline of Pharmacy and Experimental Pharmacology, School of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Health, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, NSW, Australia; 3McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada; 4Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR, USA; 5Department of Community, Occupational and Family Medicine, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, NUS, Singapore; 6Clinical Trials and Epidemiology Research Unit, Singapore; 7School of Health and Related Research, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK; 8Department of Rheumatology and Immunology, Singapore General Hospital, SingaporeBackground: Symbols have been used in health state valuation studies to help subjects distinguish the severity of various characteristics of a given health state. Symbols used in such studies need to be evaluated for their cross-cultural appropriateness because a given symbol may have different meanings or acceptability in different cultures, which may affect results of such studies.Objectives: To evaluate if using symbols to differentiate health states of different severity is useful and culturally acceptable in a multi-ethnic, urban Asian population.Methods: Using in-depth interviews with adult Chinese, Malay, and Indian Singaporeans conducted in English/mother-tongue, subjects were shown a health state with 6 levels (Health Utilities Index 3 vision, each displayed with a symbol, and asked (1a if symbols were useful in differentiating severity of each level (measured using dichotomous and 0–10 visual analog scale [VAS] scales or (1b offensive and (2 to assess 7 alternative sets of symbols.Results: Of 63 subjects (91% response rate, 18 (29% felt symbols were useful in differentiating severity of each level. Reported usefulness

  13. The outcome and the influencing factors of the age of onset in post-mortem of chronic bronchitis patients: a retrospective study

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    Zhu L

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available Linyun Zhu,1 Zhenhua Ni,2 Xuming Luo,1 Zhuhua Zhang,1 Shiqiang Wang,1 Ziyu Meng,1 Xiandong Gu,1 Xiongbiao Wang1 1Department of Respiratory Medicine, Putuo Hospital, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai, 2Central Laboratory, Putuo Hospital, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai, China Purpose: Chronic bronchitis is thought to occur in elderly patients, and smoking seems to be an important risk factor. The outcomes related to the age of onset in patients with chronic bronchitis are still unclear. Patients and methods: A retrospective study was conducted on deceased patients whose diagnosis included bronchitis from 2010 to 2016. Patients were separated into two groups according to the age of onset (Group I, age ≤50 years old; Group II, age >50 years old. Information regarding disease course, smoking history, death age, number of admissions per year, Hugh Jones Index, and self-reported comorbidities of the patients was recorded. Results: The courses of chronic cough and sputum were 33.38±7.73 years and 14.44±8.60 years in Group I and Group II, respectively (p<0.05. The death ages of Group I and Group II were 77.65±7.87 years and 84.69±6.67 years, respectively (p<0.05. There was a significant negative correlation between the number of hospital admissions per year and the age of onset. The age of onset was negatively associated with daily smoking count (r=-0.210 and total smoking count (r=-0.146. In Group I, there were fewer cases of coronary heart disease (OR =0.41 [0.24–0.71], neurological diseases (OR =0.48 [0.24–0.97], and total comorbidities (OR =0.67 [0.54–0.85] than in Group II. Conclusion: Patients with early onset chronic bronchitis had a longer history, younger death age, poorer health status, and lower incidence of comorbidities. Keywords: chronic airway disease, comorbidity, Hugh Jones Index, smoking, hospital admission, disease course

  14. Comparative efficacy and safety of Crocus sativus L. for treating mild to moderate major depressive disorder in adults: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yang XY

    2018-05-01

    Full Text Available Xiangying Yang,1 Xiaolu Chen,1 Yixiao Fu,2 Qinghua Luo,2 Lian Du,2 Haitang Qiu,2 Tian Qiu,2 Li Zhang,1 Huaqing Meng2 1The First Branch, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Psychiatry, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, People’s Republic of China Purpose: To investigate the efficacy and safety of saffron in the treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD in comparison to placebo and synthetic antidepressants. Patients and methods: We conducted a systematic search in several electronic databases as well as manual search in bibliographies of relevant studies. We included randomized controlled trials that investigated the efficacy and safety of saffron for treating MDD in adults in comparison to either placebo or synthetic antidepressants. Primary outcome was change in scores on depressive symptoms from baseline. Secondary outcomes included remission rate, response rate, and drop-out rate for all reasons. We chose a random-effects model in order to obtain more conservative results. Standardized mean differences (SMDs and odds ratios (ORs with 95% confidence intervals (CIs were estimated as the overall effect index by inverse variance models. Results: Seven studies were included in this meta-analysis. Overall quality of these included studies was moderate. As for the primary outcome, saffron showed more improvements in depression symptoms when compared with placebo, with an SMD of -1.22 (95% CI -1.94, -0.49, P=0.001. Meanwhile, saffron was as effective as synthetic antidepressants, with an SMD of 0.16 (95% CI -0.25, 0.57, P=0.44. Moderate heterogeneity existed in our analysis. Through subgroup analyses, we found that treatment dosage and duration, types of synthetic antidepressants administered in the comparison group, and outcome measures could explain most of the variance. No differences were found in remission rate, response

  15. Clinical manifestations of pulmonary mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma: single-center experience with 18 patients

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    Zhao S

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Shasha Zhao,1,2 Lin Zhang,3 Zhenyang Gu,1 Chengying Zhu,1,2 Shu Fang,1 Nan Yang,1 Feiyan Wang,1,2 Lixun Guan,1 Lan Luo,1 Chunji Gao1 1Department of Hematology, Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLA General Hospital, Beijing, 2School of Medicine, Nankai University, Tianjin, 3Department of Hematology, First Hospital of Qinhuangdao, Qinhuangdao, China Purpose: Pulmonary mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT lymphoma is a rare entity. To date, the optimal treatment for this disease is still under debate. The aim of this study was to analyze and summarize the clinical manifestations and therapeutic experience of 18 pulmonary MALT lymphoma patients to collect information about the optimal treatment modality. Patients and methods: A retrospective analysis was performed in patients who were diagnosed with pulmonary MALT lymphoma at the Chinese People’s Liberation Army General Hospital from April 1995 to April 2016. Results: Clinical data of 18 patients were available. The median age was 55 (range, 34–67 years. Also, 61.1% of the patients were male. Only 33.3% had a history of smoking and 27.8% of the patients had tuberculosis. Treatment modalities included surgery alone in 1 patient (5.6%, chemotherapy in 10 patients (55.5%, surgery in combination with chemotherapy in 6 patients (33.3% and observation in 1 patient (5.6%. Over the median observation period of 93 months, 2 patients died, the median progression-free survival was 6 years, and the estimated 5- and 10-year overall survival rates were 94.1% and 83.7%, respectively. The survival data confirmed the indolent nature of the disease. There was no difference in progression-free survival between the chemotherapy group and the surgery in combination with chemotherapy group. Conclusion: Pulmonary MALT lymphoma tended to be an indolent disease. In order to preserve the lung function and reduce the risks associated with surgery, chemotherapy might be an optimal choice for the treatment of

  16. Intrauterine programming mechanism for hypercholesterolemia in prenatal caffeine-exposed female adult rat offspring.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Dan; Luo, Hanwen W; Hu, Wen; Hu, Shuwei W; Yuan, Chao; Wang, Guihua H; Zhang, Li; Yu, Hong; Magdalou, Jacques; Chen, Liaobin B; Wang, Hui

    2018-05-02

    ac and H3K14ac) and expression of HMGCR. This GC-dependent cholesterol metabolism programming effect was sustained through adulthood, leading to the occurrence of hypercholesterolemia.-Xu, D., Luo, H. W., Hu, W., Hu, S. W., Yuan, C., Wang, G. H., Zhang, L., Yu, H., Magdalou, J., Chen, L. B., Wang, H. Intrauterine programming mechanism for hypercholesterolemia in prenatal caffeine-exposed female adult rat offspring.

  17. Postmastectomy radiotherapy reduces locoregional and disease recurrence in patients with stage II–III triple-negative breast cancer treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy and mastectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chen XX

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available Xingxing Chen,1,2,* Fan Xia,1,2,* Jurui Luo,1,2,* Jinli Ma,1,2 Zhaozhi Yang,1,2 Li Zhang,1,2 Yan Feng,1,2 Zhimin Shao,2,3 Xiaoli Yu,1,2 Xiaomao Guo1,2 1Department of Radiation Oncology, Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center, Shanghai, China; 2Department of Oncology, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai, China; 3Department of Breast Surgery, Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center, Shanghai, China *These authors contributed equally to this work Background: This study investigated the effect of postmastectomy radiotherapy (PMRT in patients with stage II–III triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC and modified radical mastectomy (MRM.Patients and methods: A total of 104 women with stage II–III TNBC who received NAC and MRM at our institution between January 2000 and July 2007 were identified. Patients were divided into 2 groups (PMRT and non-PMRT for statistical analysis.Results: The median follow-up time was 64 months (range 12–123 months. The 5 year cumulative locoregional recurrence (LRR and disease recurrence (DR rates were 26.5% and 49.6%, respectively. Despite their more adverse prognostic features, patients with PMRT had lower 5 year cumulative LRR and DR rates than those without PMRT (LRR: 18.3% vs 52.2%, respectively, p=0.0005; DR: 45% vs 69.1%, p=0.0334, respectively. On multivariate analysis of the entire study cohort, forgoing PMRT was significantly associated with developing LRR and DR. Subset analysis revealed that PMRT significantly reduced the 5 year LRR rate in patients with pre-chemotherapy clinical stages IIA (8.3% vs 46.2%, p=0.019 and IIIA (16% vs 66.7%, p=0.003. PMRT also significantly reduced the 5 year DR rate in patients with pre-chemotherapy clinical stage IIA (24.5% vs 69.3%, p=0.0151 and ≥IIIB (70.8% vs 100%, p=0.0481.Conclusion: In our cohort of patients with TNBC treated with NAC and MRM, PMRT significantly improved locoregional control and disease

  18. Population genetic diversity of marble goby (Oxyeleotris marmoratus ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Navya

    2017-03-31

    Mar 31, 2017 ... Our study will provide valuable information for facilitating the ... traditional method with constructing microsatellite-enriched library (Luo et al. .... important that the protection of wild stock and more wild resources should be ...

  19. SUSTAINING CARBON SINK POTENTIALS IN TROPICAL FOREST ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    HP

    Reducing carbon emissions from deforestation and degradation ..... Increasing the energy efficiency of fuel wood use and derived products. Charcoal ... Hayhoe, K., C. P. Wake, T. G. Huntington, L. F. Luo, M. D. Schwartz, J. Sheffield, E. Wood,.

  20. Climate Change Impacts on the Built Environment in Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Toshiba

    global climate change and the urgent need for energy efficient infrastructure and .... may be the use of floodplain maps to steer development away from flood prone ..... Hayhoe K, Wake C, Huntington T, Luo L, Schwartz M, Sheffield J,. Wood E ...

  1. AUTHOR INDEX

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Administrator

    hol (MBBA)resin as polymer-supported synthesis support: ... 203. Luo S. Catalytic synthesis of 2-methylpyrazine over Cr-pro- .... Roy S C. Titanium(III) chloride mediated synthesis of furan ... Gas phase toluene isopropylation over high silica.

  2. Rapid and non-destructive discrimination of tea varieties by near ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Rapid and non-destructive discrimination of tea varieties by near infrared diffuse reflection spectroscopy coupled with classification and regression trees. SM Tan, RM Luo, YP Zhou, H Gong, Z Tan ...

  3. Numerical studies of spray combustion processes of palm oil biodiesel and diesel fuels using reduced chemical kinetic mechanisms

    KAUST Repository

    Kuti, Olawole; Sarathy, Mani; Nishida, Keiya; Roberts, William L.

    2014-01-01

    Spray combustion processes of palm oil biodiesel (PO) and conventional diesel fuels were simulated using the CONVERGE CFD code. Thermochemical and reaction kinetic data (115 species and 460 reactions) by Luo et al. (2012) and Lu et al. (2009) (68

  4. Effectiveness and feasibility of telepsychiatry in resource ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    evaluation studies, with few high quality evidence studies ... identified reviews were searched and appropriate articles ..... evaluation frameworks.89-90 All the systematic reviews .... Hilty DM, Luo JS, Morache C, Marcelo DA, Nesbitt TS.

  5. The observer-based synchronization and parameter estimation of a ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Haipeng Su

    2017-10-31

    Oct 31, 2017 ... of a class of chaotic system via a single output. HAIPENG SU, RUNZI LUO ... considerable attention due to its potential applications in many areas, such ... by using the chaotic- search artificial bee colony algorithm (CSABC) is.

  6. Effect of seed priming on growth and biochemical traits of wheat ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ajl yemi

    2011-11-28

    Nov 28, 2011 ... completely randomized design (CRD) with three replications. Seeds of different wheat ..... simple and nondestructive measurement to evaluate .... Gorham J, Bridges J, Dubcovsky J, Dvorak J, Hollington PA, Luo MC,. Khan JA ...

  7. The use of pictorial illustrations in African Language dictionaries

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    R.B. Ruthven

    For a long time, in the history of lexicography, a strict distinction was made between linguistic and .... are African languages (Northern Sotho, Sesotho, Tswana, Xhosa and Zulu). Material and .... Luo tribes) (rimba or gogo). Cattle types of the ...

  8. 从《汉书》称《诗》论定《毛诗序》基本完成于《史记》之前——兼答张启成先生的商榷%Preface of Mao's Poetry earlier than Records of Historian——A debate in reply to Mr. Zhang Qicheng's Debate

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王洲明

    2007-01-01

    通过对《汉志》所载"《毛诗》二十九卷"和"《毛诗故训传》三十卷"的重新解读,并结合清人的意见,认为所谓"故训传"包括两方面的内容:"故训"恰恰是今所谓"毛传"的内容;而"传"恰恰是今所谓.毛序"的内容,并梳理了西汉《毛诗》的传本情况.在《史记》广泛流传之前,《毛诗序》已经存在并流传.结合经学史,论证《左传》、《古文尚书》在汉初巴经成书并流传;《古文尚书》并非只有孔安国一个系统.卫宏不可能作《毛诗序》.卫宏在东汉中前期古文经学兴盛时期,对流传已久的《毛诗序》有可能做了"润益"的工作,更重要的,是他第一次将"毛诗故训传"中"传"的内容,定名为《毛诗序》.后世所谓卫宏"作《毛诗序》"的说法,盖由此而来.

  9. Scholars in International Relations Cite Books More Frequently than Journals: More Research is Needed to Better Understand Research Behaviour and Use. A Review of: Zhang, Li. ʺCitation Analysis for Collection Development: A Study of International Relations Journal Literature.ʺ Library Collections, Acquisitions, and Technical Services 31.3‐4 (2007: 195‐207.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Megan von Isenburg

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective – To determine primary type, format, language and subject category of research materials used by U.S. scholars of international relations. Also, to investigate whether research method, qualitative or quantitative, can be correlated with the type and age of sources that scholars use.Design – Citation analysis.Setting – Research articles published in three journals on international relations with high impact factors: International Organization, International Studies Quarterly, and World Politics.Subjects – A random sample of cited references taken from the 410 full‐length research articles published in these journals from 2000 to 2005. Cited references of articles written by authors of foreign institutions (i.e., non‐American institutions, as well as cited references of editorial and research notes, comments, responses, and review essays were excluded.Methods – Cited references were exported from ISI’s Social Science Citation Index (SSCI to MS Excel spreadsheets for analysis. Data was verified against original reference lists. Citations were numbered and identified by source format, place of publication (foreign or domestic, age, and language used, if other than English. The author used a random number generator to select a random sample of 651 from a total of 29,862 citations. Citations were randomly drawn from each journal according to the proportion of the journals’ citations to the total. These citations were analyzed by material type and language. The author also used the Library of Congress Classification Outline to identify the subject category of each book and journal citation in the sample. A separate sampling method was used to investigate if there is a relationship between research methodology and citation behaviour. Each of the original 410 articles was categorized according to research method: quantitative, qualitative or a combination of the two. Two articles representing qualitative research and two representing quantitative research were randomly selected from each of the three journals for each of the six years. Subsequently, five citations from each of the resulting pool of 72 articles were randomly selected to create a sample of 360 citations. These citations were analyzed by material type and age of source.Main Results – Analysis of the citation data showed that books (including monographs, edited books, book chapters and dictionaries made up 48.2% of the total citations; journals (including scholarly and non‐scholarly titles made up 38.4% of the citations; and government publications made up 4.5% of the citations. Electronic resources, which primarily refer to Web sites and digital collections in this study, represented 1.7% of the citations. Other sources of citations included magazines (1.1%, newspapers (1.1%, working papers (1.1%, theses (0.9%, conference papers not yet published as articles (0.6%, and a miscellaneous category, which included items such as committee minutes, radio broadcasts, unpublished materials and personal communications (2.5%. The average age of book citations was 14.3 years and the median age was 8 years. Foreign language citations represented 3.7% of the 651 total citations. The top ranked foreign languages were German (7, French (5, Russian (4, Spanish (3, Korean (2 and Swedish (number not given. Subject analysis of the citations revealed that 38% of all citations were from international relations and two related disciplines, political science, political theory, and public administration. Subject areas outside international relations included social sciences (23.4% ‐ including economics, commerce, industries and finance, history (16.3%, sociology (6.2%, and law (5.9%. Citations from philosophy, psychology, military science and general works together made up 7.3% of the total citations. Citations from science, linguistics, literature, geography and medicine made up less than 2% of the total.Authors of qualitative research articles were more likely to cite books (56.7% than journals (29.4% while authors of quantitative research articles were more likely to cite journals (58.3% than books (28.9%. Authors of qualitative research articles were also more likely to cite government publications and electronic resources than those of quantitative articles. However, authors of quantitative research articles were more likely to cite other materials, such as dissertations, conference papers, working papers and unpublished materials.The age of cited materials for both qualitative and quantitative research articles is similar. Citations to recent materials up to 5 years old were most frequent, followed by materials 6 to 10 years old, materials 11 to 15 years old, and those 26 or more years old. The least frequently cited materials were 16 to 20 and 21 to 25 years old.Conclusion – Scholars in international relations primarily cite books, followed by journals and government publications. Citations to electronic resources such as Web sites and digital collections, and to other materials are far less common. Scholars primarily cite English‐language materials on international relations and related subjects. Authors of qualitative research articles are more likely to cite books than journals, while authors of quantitative research articles are more likely to cite journals than books. Recent materials are more frequently cited than older materials, though materials that are more than 26 years old are still being cited regularly.

  10. The Endless Path of Folk Music Research: In Deep Memory of Folk Music Researcher Mr. Zhang Zhongqiao%没有终点的民间音乐研究之路——深切缅怀民间音乐研究专家张仲樵先生

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    板俊荣

    2009-01-01

    2008年5月16日,早晨刚要出门,我接到了来自徐州的长途。电话那边熟悉的声音说:“老张昨晚走了。”我惊呆了。电话是师母打来的。“老张”是我非常敬重的民歌搜集者、明清俗曲音乐研究专家张仲樵先生。先生是去年底住进医院的,几次抢救都成功了。这次他却静静地走了,离开了他那些深爱的工尺谱,离开了他每天都翻阅的书稿和笔记。

  11. 圖書館事業專欄/新型研究圖書館的創建:論中國科學院圖書館系統改革態勢/張軍 | Creating a New Academic Library: Reform Trends in the Libraries of the Chinese Academy of Sciences / Zhang Jun

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    張軍

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available

    The Libraries of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (LCAS belong to a supporting unit of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS. CAS is a leading academic institution and comprehensive research and development center in natural science and technology, which includes high-tech innovations in China. It has 90 institutes and 39,000 scientists. The mission of CAS is to conduct research in basic and technological sciences; to undertake nationwide integrated surveys on natural resources and the ecological environment; to provide the country with scientific data and advice for governmental decision-making; and to undertake government-sponsored projects with regard to key science and technology (S&T problems in he
    process of social and economic development. According to the CAS’s strategic plan, by 2010, CAS will have about 80 national institutes noted for their powerful capacities in S&T innovation and sustainable development or with distinctive features; thirty of them will become internationally recognized, high-level research institutions, and three to five will be world-class. To assist CAS in achieving its strategic goals, it is the mission of LCAS to provide S&T information support for the national knowledge innovation system, which include service methods to meet the needs of first-class scientific researchers. LCAS mainly consists of four branch libraries. Their locations, collection sizes and subject focus and staffing are summarized in Table I.

    頁次:99-102

  12. Marriage- Inner Examination" Deconstruction ---Halidai Islair and Zhang Ai-ling's Intertexuality in the Novel Text%婚姻·内审·解构——哈丽黛·伊斯拉依里与张爱玲在小说文本中的互文性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马燕

    2012-01-01

    哈丽黛·伊斯拉依里是维吾尔当代文学的一位女作家,其小说与张爱玲的《传奇》在文本中存在着明显的"互文性",具体体现在婚姻、内审、解构等方面。论文从"互文性"理论出发,剖析了传统男性文化在生活中(尤其在精神层面)把女性桎梏于无形的网中的现实,揭示了女性生存悲剧的客观性及其文化根源。%Halidai islair is a female writer of Uighur Contemporary Literature.There are obvious "intertexualify" in the novel text of Halidai islair and "romance".They are marriage,inner examination, deconstruetion ect. In this paper,it analysis the female has being shackled with invisible net in life(especially in the spirit) by the traditional man-in center culture,and reveals the objectivity and the culture roots of the women'cxistence tragedy based on the theory of intertextuality.

  13. Quantitative analysis of oyster larval proteome provides new insights into the effects of multiple climate change stressors, supplement to: Dineshram, R; Chandramouli, K; Ko, W K Ginger; Zhang, Huoming; Qian, Pei Yuan; Ravasi, Timothy; Thiyagarajan, Vengatesen (2016): Quantitative analysis of oyster larval proteome provides new insights into the effects of multiple climate change stressors. Global Change Biology, 22(6), 2054-2068

    KAUST Repository

    Dineshram, R; Chandramouli, Kondethimmanahalli; Ko, W K Ginger; Zhang, Huoming; Qian, Pei Yuan; Ravasi, Timothy; Thiyagarajan, Vengatesen

    2016-01-01

    survival bottleneck, which will be pressured by different anthropogenically induced climate change-related variables. Therefore, it is important to understand how metamorphosing larvae interact with emerging climate change stressors. To predict how larvae

  14. 圖書館事業專欄/面向數位化及日益多樣化的館藏建設與服務:上海圖書館的經驗與策略/張奇 | Toward Digitization and Increasingly Diverse Collections and Services: Strategy and Experiences of the Shanghai Library / Zhang Qi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    張奇

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available

    As an indispensable part of society, libraries are experiencing the changes, enjoying the progress, and hoping to benefit from the promises of digitalization. With consolidation of collections from many local libraries, The Shanghai Library must continue to provide traditional services and explore and implement appropriate development opportunities offered by 21st century technology. The Shanghai Library is the second largest library in China, with a total collection of 50.95 million titles. Since its establishment in 1952, the Library has grown rapidly through some historic mergers. In 1958 the city government combined four municipal libraries (Municipal Historical Document Library, Municipal Periodicals Library, Municipal Science and Technology Library, and the Shanghai Library with some other collections including the Bibliotheca Xujiahui and SMC (Shanghai Municipal Council Library. In 1995, the Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of Shanghai (known as ISTIS, one of the country’s leading information institutions, was merged with the Shanghai Library, resulting in the first combination of a library and an information institution in the country. This was an epoch-making event in Chinese librarianship. The merger between library and information institute has provided a significant opportunity for the Shanghai Library to redefine itself as a center of information resources, an information clearinghouse, a knowledge repository, a school of life-long

    頁次:95-98

  15. Quantitative analysis of oyster larval proteome provides new insights into the effects of multiple climate change stressors, supplement to: Dineshram, R; Chandramouli, K; Ko, W K Ginger; Zhang, Huoming; Qian, Pei Yuan; Ravasi, Timothy; Thiyagarajan, Vengatesen (2016): Quantitative analysis of oyster larval proteome provides new insights into the effects of multiple climate change stressors. Global Change Biology, 22(6), 2054-2068

    KAUST Repository

    Dineshram, R

    2016-01-01

    The metamorphosis of planktonic larvae of the Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) underpins their complex life-history strategy by switching on the molecular machinery required for sessile life and building calcite shells. Metamorphosis becomes a survival bottleneck, which will be pressured by different anthropogenically induced climate change-related variables. Therefore, it is important to understand how metamorphosing larvae interact with emerging climate change stressors. To predict how larvae might be affected in a future ocean, we examined changes in the proteome of metamorphosing larvae under multiple stressors: decreased pH (pH 7.4), increased temperature (30 °C), and reduced salinity (15 psu). Quantitative protein expression profiling using iTRAQ-LC-MS/MS identified more than 1300 proteins. Decreased pH had a negative effect on metamorphosis by down-regulating several proteins involved in energy production, metabolism, and protein synthesis. However, warming switched on these down-regulated pathways at pH 7.4. Under multiple stressors, cell signaling, energy production, growth, and developmental pathways were up-regulated, although metamorphosis was still reduced. Despite the lack of lethal effects, significant physiological responses to both individual and interacting climate change related stressors were observed at proteome level. The metamorphosing larvae of the C. gigas population in the Yellow Sea appear to have adequate phenotypic plasticity at the proteome level to survive in future coastal oceans, but with developmental and physiological costs.

  16. Determination of single-nucleotide polymorphism in the proximal promoter region of apolipoprotein M gene in coronary artery diseases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lu Zheng

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Lu Zheng1, Guanghua Luo1, Xiaoying Zhang1, Jun Zhang1, Jiang Zhu1, Jiang Wei1, Qinfeng Mu1, Lujun Chen1, Peter Nilsson-Ehle2, Ning Xu21Comprehensive Laboratory, The Third Affiliated Hospital, Suzhou University, Changzhou China; 2Division of Clinical Chemistry and Pharmacology, Department of Laboratory Medicine, Lund University, Lund, SwedenObjective: It has been reported that single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP in the proximal promoter region of apolipoprotein M (apoM gene may confer the risk in the development of type 2 diabetes (T2D and coronary artery disease (CAD in the Han Chinese. However, in a recent study demonstrated that plasma apoM level did not correlated to the coronary heart disease. In the present studies, we investigated the SNP T-778C of apoM gene in CAD patients and controls in the Han Chinese population. Moreover we examined whether serum apoM levels could be influenced by this promoter mutation.Material and methods: One hundred twenty-six CAD patients and 118 non-CAD patients were subjected in the present study. All patients were confirmed by the angiography. The genotyping of polymorphisms T-778C in apoM promoter was determined by real-time polymerase chain reaction. Serum apoM levels were semi-quantitatively determined by the dot-blotting analysis. Results: Distribution of apoM T-778C genotype in non-CAD patients was as following: 84.7% were T/T, 15.3% were T/C and 0.0% was C/C. T allele frequencies were 92.4% and C allele, 7.6%. In the CAD patients, 99 patients (78.6% had the T/T genotype, 25 patients (19.8% with T/C genotype and 2 patients (1.6% with C/C genotype. The allele frequency was 88.5% for the T allele and 11.5% for the C allele. There was no statistical significant difference of serum apoM levels found in these three genotypes.Conclusions: There was no significant difference in allele or genotype frequencies between CAD patients and non-CAD patients. Binary logistic regression analysis with adjustments for age

  17. EDITORIAL: Big challenges and nanosolutions Big challenges and nanosolutions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demming, Anna

    2011-07-01

    population dynamics will evolve throughout future generations attracts considerable debate and a range of strong opinions. But in the meantime, as this issue's review highlights, there is a great deal of scope in exploiting nanotechnology to find potential technological solutions to the challenges increasing populations pose at present. And that's not to mention the intriguing insights into nanoscale physics that may be discovered along the way. References [1] Penza M, Rossi R, Alvisi M and Serra E 2010 Nanotechnology 21 105501 [2] Gu B, Zhu Y, Chang J, Peng C, Liu D, Min Y, Luo W, Howarth R W and Ge Y 2011 Environ. Res. Lett. 6 014011 [3] Galloway J N, Townsend A R, Erisman J W, Bekunda M, Cai Z, Freney J R, Martinelli L A, Seitzinger S P and Sutton M A 2008 Science 320 889-92 [4] Humplik T et al 2011 Nanotechnology 22 292001 [5] Guo Z, Meng F, Luo T, Li M and Liu J 2009 Nanotechnology 20 125501 [6] Chen Y, Chen Z, He Y, Lin H, Sheng P, Liu C, Luo S and Cai Q 2010 Nanotechnology 20 105102 [7] Ren L, Ma L, Jin L, Wang J-B, Qiu M and Yu Y 2009 Nanotechnology 20 405602 [8] Wang Y, Wang G, Wang H, Cai W, Liang C and Zhang L 2009 Nanotechnology 20 156604 [9] Hardin G 1968 Science 162 1243-8

  18. Pramana – Journal of Physics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. Sheng Zhang1 2 Hong-Qing Zhang2. Department of Mathematics, Bohai University, Jinzhou 121013, People's Republic of China; School of Mathematical Sciences, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, People's Republic of China ...

  19. Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2016-01-27

    Jan 27, 2016 ... Author Affiliations. Bangrong Huang1 2 Xiong Zhang2 Dingrong Xiong2 Haojin Zhang2. National Astronomical Observatories/Yunnan Observatory, 650011 Kunming, China. Department of Physics, Yunnan Normal University, 650500 Kunming, China.

  20. synthesis and characterization of thermally stable poly(amide-imide)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Preferred Customer

    properties of the nanocomposites are usually observed when the ultra fine silicate ... Unfortunately, strong interaction between polyimide chains and their rigid structure make them ..... Zhang, Q.; Li, S.; Li, W.; Zhang, S. Polymer 2007, 48, 6246.

  1. The effect of drought stress and exogenous abscisic acid on growth ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Jane

    2011-08-17

    Aug 17, 2011 ... and Zhang, 2001). .... and APX (Jiang and Zhang 2002). According to Keleo .... improve drought tolerance of fine grain aromatic rice (Oryza sativa. L.). ... Structure and differential response to abscisic acid of two promoters.

  2. mandarin (Citrus reticulata Blanco)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ARL4

    between 'Shatangju' and 'Wuzishatangju' based on establishing an optimization of ..... plant species (Han et al., 2008; Zhang et al., 2010). In this study, 153 pairs of SRAP .... Wang XP, Wang YJ, Zhang JX, Xu Y, Yang KQ (2003). Randomly.

  3. An Analysis of Navy Nurse Corps Accession Sources

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-03-01

    1 I. INTRODUCTION A. BACKGROUND Since 1998, the United States has experienced a nationwide nursing shortage (Juraschek, Zhang, Ranganathan ...supply of RNs in the civilian workforce (Juraschek, Zhang, Ranganathan , & Lin, 2012). A study by Juraschek, Zhang, Ranganathan , & Lin (2012...Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA. Retrieved from www.dtic.mil/cgi- bin/GetTRDoc?AD=ADA344570 Juraschek, S. P., Zhang, X., Ranganathan , V. K., & Lin, V

  4. African Journal of Biotechnology - Vol 10, No 60 (2011)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Microsatellite variability reveals significant genetic differentiation of giant pandas (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) in the Minshan A habitat · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. J Yang, R Hou, F Shen, X Yang, L Zhang, L Chen, W Chen, W Zhang, Q Zhu, Z Zhang ...

  5. African Journal of Biotechnology - Vol 11, No 14 (2012)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. HD Ding, HJ Zhang, XH Zhu, H Liu, JS Liang, B Lu, 3259-3269 ... DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. Y Hanying, X Wei, G Xingxi, 3370-3378 ... FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. J Zhang, YC Huang, Q Zhang, ZP Hong, YC Zhou, WL Chen, 3388-3393 ...

  6. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 101 - 150 of 1250 ... Vol 10, No 6 (2013), A study on the anticancer activity of ethanol extract of ... S Han, X Lv, Y Wang, H Gong, C Zhang, A Tong, N Yan ... YJ Wanga, Y Zhenga, GF Zhang, JP Zhanga, CX Wua, SQ Zhang, HL Ouyang, ...

  7. Phytochemical and Biological Properties of Ajuga decumbens ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Zhang B, Zeng FJ, Zhang XY. Study on anti-infection effect of Ajuga decumbens. Chin J Nosocomiol 2014;. 24: 2937-3939. 52. Li M, Peng WH. Chemical constituents and pharmacological research progress of Ajuga decumbens. J pr tradit Chinese mede 2012; 28: 322-. 323. 53. Ma SC, Du J, But PPH, Deng XL, Zhang YW, ...

  8. Bulletin of Materials Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science. Dong Zhang. Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 34 Issue 1 February 2011 pp 25-28. Aqueous colloids of graphene oxide nanosheets by exfoliation of graphite oxide without ultrasonication · Tian-You Zhang Dong Zhang · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF.

  9. PREFACE: Preface

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ye, Chaohui; Wang, Zhong Lin; Zhou, Bingkun

    2011-02-01

    , Tsinghua University (China)X C Zhang, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (USA) Program Committee:Qingming Luo, Wuhan National Laboratory for Optoelectronics (China) - ChairHiroshi Amano, Meijo University (Japan)Yibing Cheng, Monash University (Australia)Peixiang Lu, Wuhan National Laboratory for Optoelectronics (China)Ruxin Li, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics (China)Chinlon Lin, Bell Laboratory (USA)Xun Li, McMaster University (Canada)Shenggang Liu, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China (China)Katsumi Midorikawa, Extreme Photonics Research Group, RIKEN (Japan)Jesper Moerk, Technical University of Denmark (Denmark)Valery V Tuchin, Saratov State University (Russia)Lihong Wang, Washington University in St. Louis (USA)Zhong Lin Wang, Georgia Institute of Technology(USA)Jinzhong Yu, Institute of Semiconductor, CAS (China)Jianquan Yao, Tianjin University (China)X C Zhang, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (USA) Local Organizing committee:Lin Lin, Wuhan National Laboratory for Optoelectronics (China) - ChairSheng Lu, Administration Committee of Wuhan East Lake Hi-tech Development Zone (China) - ChairChangqing Chen, Wuhan National Laboratory for Optoelectronics (China)Ling Fu, Wuhan National Laboratory for Optoelectronics (China)Hongwei Han, Wuhan National Laboratory for Optoelectronics (China)Peixiang Lu, Wuhan National Laboratory for Optoelectronics (China)Pengcheng Li, Wuhan National Laboratory for Optoelectronics (China)Jinsong Liu, Wuhan National Laboratory for Optoelectronics (China)Junqiang Sun, Wuhan National Laboratory for Optoelectronics (China)Guozhen Shen, Wuhan National Laboratory for Optoelectronics (China)Guoli Tu, Wuhan National Laboratory for Optoelectronics (China)Kecheng Yang, Wuhan National Laboratory for Optoelectronics (China)Xinliang Zhang, Wuhan National Laboratory for Optoelectronics (China)Yuandi Zhao, Wuhan National Laboratory for Optoelectronics (China) Local Secretariat:Xiaochun Xiao, Huazhong University of Science and

  10. Investigating the origin of the Chinese name for alfalfa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Q. Z.; Xu, L. J.; Tang, X. J.; Ma, J. T.; Wang, D.; Li, D.; Liu, Q.; Tao, Y.; Li, F.

    2017-02-01

    It is assured that alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) was introduced in Han dynasty. There are cognitive differences on whether Zhang Qian introduced alfalfa. Based on the previous studies, research inductive method was used. The relationship between Zhang Qian and alfalfa introduction was analyzed from the motivation, experience and influence of Zhang Qian to the Western Regions and the image generation of Zhang Qian brought back alfalfa’s seeds. Till to now, there are four opinions about Zhang Qian introducing Alfalfa seeds, including : (1) Zhang Qian introduced alfalfa seeds;(2) Zhang Qian did not introduce alfalfa seeds;(3) the information of Zhang Qian transferring alfalfa;(4)for commemoration Zhang Qian to the Western Regions. Although there are not direct historical materials to support Zhang Qian brought alfalfa seed to Han dynasty, it believes and confirms that the introducing of alfalfa is inextricably interwoven with Zhang Qian’s western travel. Zhangqian brought relative information from western regions during the introduction, which was the basis of non-native theory, and after that, Chinese began to plant alfalfa in Han dynasty., According to historical literatures, it is clear that the Chinese diplomat brought alfalfa seeds back to China. Alfalfa, as the favorite forage to Ferghana horse, have been already planted in Dawan in Han dynasty. Despite the debate, Zhangqian played an important pioneering role in introducing alfalfa.

  11. Tisaniba, a new genus of marpissoid jumping spiders from Borneo (Araneae: Salticidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Jun-Xia; Maddison, Wayne P

    2014-08-14

    Six new species of marpissoid jumping spiders from Sarawak, Borneo, are described in the new genus Tisaniba Zhang & Maddison. They are the type species, T. mulu Zhang & Maddison sp. nov., as well as the species T. bijibijan Zhang & Maddison sp. nov., T. dik Zhang & Maddison sp. nov., T. kubah Zhang & Maddison sp. nov., T. selan Zhang & Maddison sp. nov., and T. selasi Zhang & Maddison sp. nov. The spiders are small and brown to black, living in leaf litter in the tropical forest. Phylogenetic analyses based on 28s and 16sND1 genes indicate that they are a distinctive group within the marpissoids. Diagnostic illustrations and photographs of living spiders are provided for all species.

  12. Advanced Materials and Processing 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Yunfeng; Su, Chun Wei; Xia, Hui; Xiao, Pengfei

    2011-06-01

    wires / Shuling Zhang, Dawei Xing and Jianfei Sun -- Effect of Yb addition on the microstructure and tensile properties of Mg-5Al alloy / Su Mi Jo ... [et al.] -- Finite element analysis of the warm deep-drawing process of magnesium matrix composite reinforced with CNTs / Li Weixue and Zhang Hujun -- Effect of ultrasonic shot peening on the microstructural evolution and mechanical properties of SUS304 / Deokgi Ahn ... [et al.] -- Microstructure of Fe-Cr surface infiltrated composite layer on gray iron substrate / Gui-Rong Yang ... [et al.] -- Effect of carbon contents and Ti addition on the microstructure of ultra-low carbon steel / Yinsheng He ... [et al.].Microstructure and mechanical property of laser direct manufacturing metal thin wall cylinder / X. D. Zhang ... [et al.] -- Evolution of morphology and composition of the carbides in Cr-Mo-V steel after service exposure / Jiling Dong ... [et al.] -- Thermal annealing treatment to achieve switchable and reversible wettability on ZnO nanowires surface / Changsong Liu ... [et al.] -- Physical and electrochemical properties of nanostructured nickel sulfide as a cathode material for lithium ion batteries / Seong-Ju Sim ... [et al.] -- Effect of heat treatment on fatigue behavior of biomedical Ni-Ti alloy wires under ultrasonic conditions / Zhou Huimin ... [et al.] -- The electrochemical behavior of Mg-Ce-Zn system / Kyung Chul Park ... [et al.] -- Fabrication of highly-oleophobic and superhydrophobic surfaces on microtextured Al substrates / Changsong Liu ... [et al.] -- Effect of cooling rate on microstructure and properties of Fe3Al intermetallics / Li Ya-Min, Liu Hong-Jun and Hao Yuan -- Calculation of laser transformation hardening with a circle beam / Binggong Yan and Jichang Liu -- The application of the unified homogeneous periodical boundary conditions to the prediction of effective elastic stiffness in a widespread field / Dong Yu, Hong Yang and Dong-Mei Luo -- Cyclic visco-plastic behavior of API X80 line

  13. Maximum Power Point Tracking for Brushless DC Motor-Driven Photovoltaic Pumping Systems Using a Hybrid ANFIS-FLOWER Pollination Optimization Algorithm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neeraj Priyadarshi

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available In this research paper, a hybrid Artificial Neural Network (ANN-Fuzzy Logic Control (FLC tuned Flower Pollination Algorithm (FPA as a Maximum Power Point Tracker (MPPT is employed to amend root mean square error (RMSE of photovoltaic (PV modeling. Moreover, Gaussian membership functions have been considered for fuzzy controller design. This paper interprets the Luo converter occupied brushless DC motor (BLDC-directed PV water pump application. Experimental responses certify the effectiveness of the suggested motor-pump system supporting diverse operating states. The Luo converter, a newly developed DC-DC converter, has high power density, better voltage gain transfer and superior output waveform and can track optimal power from PV modules. For BLDC speed control there is no extra circuitry, and phase current sensors are enforced for this scheme. The most recent attempt using adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS-FPA-operated BLDC directed PV pump with advanced Luo converter, has not been formerly conferred.

  14. Insulin resistance and beta-cell function in different ethnic groups in Kenya: the role of abdominal fat distribution

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, D.L.; Faurholt-Jepsen, D.; Faerch, K.

    2014-01-01

    Little is known about the pathophysiology of diabetes in Africans. Thus, we assessed whether insulin resistance and beta-cell function differed by ethnicity in Kenya and whether differences were modified by abdominal fat distribution. A cross-sectional study in 1,087 rural Luo (n = 361), Kamba (n...... to the Luo and Kamba, respectively. Adjustments of SAT (range 0.1–7.1 cm) and VAT (range 1.5–14.2 cm) largely explained these inter-group differences with the Maasai having the highest combined abdominal fat accumulation. The Maasai had the highest insulin resistance and secretion, but the lowest relative...... beta-cell function compared to the Luo and Kamba. These differences were primarily explained by abdominal fat distribution....

  15. Discussion: some new findings from surface subsidence monitoring over longwall panels

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Luo, Y.; Peng, S.S.; Arioglu, E.

    1992-01-01

    The article consists of a discussion of the paper, 'some new findings from surface subsidence monitoring over longwall panels' and a reply by the paper's authors, Luo and Peng. The reviewer, Arioglu, regards the paper favourably but suggests that surface subsidence can be represented by an exponential expression, and that there is a regression equation linking possible subsidence, pillar loading and the height-to-width ratio of the pillars left. Luo and Peng reply with their reasons for preferring their original linear regression model to the non-linear models suggested by Arioglu. 4 figs

  16. Exploration of the relationship between geographical environment and human diseases in ancient China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Jian-Ping

    2011-12-01

    The Yellow Emperor's Classic of Internal Medicine, created in the Warring States period (475 to 221 BC) described a phenomenon whereby the eastern, western, northern, southern, and central regions were liable to different diseases. It brought forward the principle of treatment in accordance with local conditions. Lv's Spring and Autumn Annals, Huai Nan Tzu (Huainanzi), and the Regiment of Health (Yangshenglun) in the Qin, Han, Wei, Jin, and Southern and Northern Dynasties all describe regional diseases such as goiter (endemic goiter) and yellowish teeth (dental fluorosis) as being caused by geologic and climatic factors. Zhang (miasma), first mentioned in the Han Dynasty, was considered related to the summer heat and dampness particular to the geographical environment of the south. Zhang was further associated with malaria in the Jin Dynasty. General Treatise on the Etiology and Symptomology of Diseases (Zhubingyuanhou Lun), in the Sui Dynasty, held that as a type of poisonous gas, Zhang was the predisposing cause of malaria, seasonal disease, and barbiers, among other conditions. General Guide (Zhinan Zonglun), in the Southern Song Dynasty, regarded Zhang malaria as a separate disease. Healthy Prescription in the Southern Wuling District (Lingnan Weisheng Fang), in the late Song and early Yuan Dynasties, explicitly put forward the concepts of cold Zhang, hot Zhang, and lockjaw Zhang. Guidelines for Treatment of Zhang Malaria (Zhangnue Zhinan), in the Ming Dynasty, maintained that cold Zhang was equivalent to malaria, while hot Zhang and lockjaw Zhang were equivalent to cold damage, the latter of which can be treated by prescriptions for cold damage. Records on Zhang gas and Zhang disease decreased during the Ming and Qing Dynasties.

  17. Cationic star-shaped polymer as an siRNA carrier for reducing MMP-9 expression in skin fibroblast cells and promoting wound healing in diabetic rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li N

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Na Li,1,* Heng-Cong Luo,1,* Chuan Yang,1 Jun-Jie Deng,2 Meng Ren,1 Xiao-Ying Xie,1 Diao-Zhu Lin,1 Li Yan,1 Li-Ming Zhang2 1Department of Endocrinology, Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, People’s Republic of China; 2DSAPM Lab and PCFM Lab, Institute of Polymer Science, Department of Polymer and Materials Science, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, People’s Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Background: Excessive expression of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9 is deleterious to the cutaneous wound-healing process in the context of diabetes. The aim of the present study was to explore whether a cationic star-shaped polymer consisting of ß-cyclodextrin (ß-CD core and poly(amidoamine dendron arms (ß-CD-[D3]7 could be used as the gene carrier of small interfering RNA (siRNA to reduce MMP-9 expression for enhanced diabetic wound healing. Methods: The cytotoxicity of ß-CD-(D37 was investigated by 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay (MMT method in the rat CRL1213 skin fibroblast cell line. The transfection efficiency of ß-CD-(D37/MMP-9-small interfering RNA (siRNA complexes was determined by confocal microscopy and flow cytometry. Quantitative real time (RT polymerase chain reaction was performed to measure the gene expression of MMP-9 after the transfection by ß-CD-(D37/MMP-9-siRNA complexes. The ß-CD-(D37/MMP-9-siRNA complexes were injected on the wounds of streptozocin-induced diabetic rats. Wound closure was measured on days 4 and 7 post-wounding. Results: ß-CD-(D37 exhibited low cytotoxicity in fibroblast cells, and easily formed the complexes with MMP-9-siRNA. The ß-CD-(D37/MMP-9-siRNA complexes were readily taken up by fibroblast cells, resulting in the downregulation of MMP-9 gene expression (P<0.01. Animal experiments revealed that the treatment by ß-CD-(D37/MMP-9-siRNA complexes enhanced wound

  18. A modified variable-coefficient projective Riccati equation method and its application to (2 + 1)-dimensional simplified generalized Broer-Kaup system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Liu Qing; Zhu Jiamin; Hong Bihai

    2008-01-01

    A modified variable-coefficient projective Riccati equation method is proposed and applied to a (2 + 1)-dimensional simplified and generalized Broer-Kaup system. It is shown that the method presented by Huang and Zhang [Huang DJ, Zhang HQ. Chaos, Solitons and Fractals 2005; 23:601] is a special case of our method. The results obtained in the paper include many new formal solutions besides the all solutions found by Huang and Zhang

  19. Studies on idiocerine leafhoppers with descriptions of Chinaocerus gen. nov. and three new species from China (Hemiptera: Cicadomorpha: Cicadellidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dang, Li-Hong; Zhang, Bin; Li, Zi-Zhong

    2016-03-08

    A new leafhopper genus of the tribe Idiocerini (Hemiptera: Cicadomorpha: Cicadellidae), Chinaocerus, is described from the southwest China together with three new species, C. kangdingensis Zhang & Li sp. nov. (Sichuan Province), C. bispinatus Zhang & Li sp. nov. (Yunnan Province) and C. shii Zhang & Li sp. nov. (Sichuan Province). Descriptions and illustrations of these three new species are provided, and a key for their separation is also given.

  20. The Role of SIRT1 In Breast Cancer Stem Cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-09-01

    2009;9:123-8. 56. Ma W, Xiao GG, Mao J, Lu Y, Song B, Wang L, Fan S, Fan P, Hou Z, Li J, Yu X, 20 Wang B, Wang H, Wang H, Xu F, Li Y, Liu Q, Li L...Int J Biol Sci. 2010;6:599-612. 63. Zhang Y, Zhang M, Dong H, Yong S, Li X, Olashaw N, Kruk PA, Cheng JQ, Bai W, Chen J, Nicosia SV, Zhang X

  1. Interaction of Synuclein and Inflammation in Dopaminergic Neurodegeneration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-06-01

    induces degeneration of dopaminergic neurons: implications for progression of Parkinson’s disease. Neurotox Res. 19: 63-72, (2011). Kalia, L. V., S...1998). Zhang J, Niu N, Wang M, McNutt MA, Zhang D, Zhang B, Lu S, Liu Y, Liu Z. Neuron-derived IgG protects dopaminergic neurons from insult by 6...AD_________________ Award Number: W81XWH-08-1-0465 TITLE: Interaction of Synuclein and Inflammation in Dopaminergic

  2. Effects of insulin analogs and glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists on proliferation and cellular energy metabolism in papillary thyroid cancer

    OpenAIRE

    He, Liang; Zhang, Siliang; Zhang, Xiaowen; Liu, Rui; Guan, Haixia; Zhang, Hao

    2017-01-01

    Liang He,1,* Siliang Zhang,2,* Xiaowen Zhang,3 Rui Liu,2 Haixia Guan,2 Hao Zhang1 1Department of Thyroid Surgery, The First Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning, 2Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, The Endocrine Institute and The Liaoning Provincial Key Laboratory of Endocrine Diseases, The First Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning, 3Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Drum Tower Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing University Medical Schoo...

  3. Estonian-Chinese cohesion / Liina Lelmi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lelmi, Liina

    2009-01-01

    Eesti-Hiina majandussuhetest. Hiina asepeaministri Zhang Dejiangi Eesti visiidist ja kohtumisest peaminister Andrus Ansipi, välisminister Urmas Paeti ning majandus- ja kommunikatsiooniminister Juhan Partsiga

  4. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Uniqueness of singular solution of semi- linear elliptic equation. 583. Leach P G L. Symmetries, integrals and solutions of ordinary differential equations of maximal symmetry. 113. Liu Shudong. K-theory for certain extension algebras of purely infinite simple C. ∗. -algebras. 409. Lu Yaming see Ren Dongmei. 507. Luo Qing.

  5. Mixed Gaussian-Impulse Noise Image Restoration Via Total Variation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-01

    deblurring under impulse noise ,” J. Math. Imaging Vis., vol. 36, pp. 46–53, January 2010. [5] B. Li, Q. Liu, J. Xu, and X. Luo, “A new method for removing......Several Total Variation (TV) regularization methods have recently been proposed to address denoising under mixed Gaussian and impulse noise . While

  6. a critical evaluation of the understanding of god in js mbiti's theology

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    lack the concept of God; therefore, “all have the idea of God”. .... In the Central Luo, there are no words for “creation” and “to create”. (p'Bitek 1971:45), and they do not ... ATR(s), the meaning of the word “creation” differs between the various.

  7. Editorial Note Vol4 No1, June 2012 by Reginald M.J. Oduor

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    RMJ Oduor

    disparaged as “backward”, but other times lauded as “eco-friendly” or “cost- effective”. ... investigate the nature, scope and applicability of knowledge, to contribute towards a ... Luo widow and for the care of the home of one's deceased brother, ...

  8. Q QIAO

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science. Q QIAO. Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 39 Issue 2 April 2016 pp 519-523. Effect of temperature on structure and corrosion resistance for electroless NiWP coating · M Q YU Q QIAO F YOU C L LI Y ZHAO Z Z XIAO H L LUO Z F XU KAZUHIRO MATSUGI ...

  9. Timing and implications for the late Mesozoic geodynamic settings ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Jie Li

    2017-11-23

    Nov 23, 2017 ... established in the Lingshan Island and its adjacent regions in the ... inversion which resulted from the subduction of the Pacific Plate under the ..... and State Key Projects (Grant Nos. ... Gilder S A, Keller G R and Luo M 1991 Eastern Asia and the .... foreland basins: The role of the passive margin vs. slab.

  10. Can false memories be created through nonconscious processes?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    R. Zeelenberg (René); G. Plomp; J.G.W. Raaijmakers (Jeroen)

    2003-01-01

    textabstractPresentation times of study words presented in the Deese/Roediger and McDermott (DRM) paradigm varied from 20 ms to 2000 ms per word in an attempt to replicate the false memory effect following extremely short presentations reported by J.G. Seamon, C.R. Luo and D.A. Gallo (1998). Both in

  11. Can false memories be created through nonconscious processes?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Raaijmakers, J.G.W.; Plomp, G.; Zeelenberg, R.

    2003-01-01

    Presentation times of study words presented in the Deese/Roediger and McDermott (DRM) paradigm varied from 20 to 2000 ms per word in an attempt to replicate the false memory effect following extremely short presentations reported by Seamon, Luo, and Gallo (1998). Both in a within-subjects design

  12. Journal of Genetics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Three duplication events and variable molecular evolution characteristics involved in multiple GGPS genes of six Solanaceae species. FENG LI CHUNYANG WEI CHAN QIAO ZHENXI CHEN PENG WANG PAN WEI RAN WANG LIFENG JIN JUN YANG FUCHENG LIN ZHAOPENG LUO. RESEARCH NOTE Volume 95 Issue ...

  13. Towards a Description of East African Gestures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Creider, Chet A.

    1977-01-01

    This paper describes the gestural behavior of four tribal groups, Kipsigis, Luo, Gusii, and Samburu, observed and elicted in the course of two and one-half years of field work in Western Kenya in 1970-72. The gestures are grouped into four categories: (1) initiators and finalizers of interaction; (2) imperatives; (3) responses; (4) qualifiers.…

  14. Change and Continuity in Kin-Based Support Systems for Widows ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Change and Continuity in Kin-Based Support Systems for Widows and Orphans among the Luo in Western Kenya. Erick Otieno Nyambedha. Abstract. No Abstract Available African Sociological Review 8, (1), 2004, pp. 139-153. Full Text: EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT ...

  15. Human Health

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... warming . Nature Climate Change , 3 , 73-77, doi:10.1038/nclimate1628. | Detail ↩ Bambrick, H. J., A. G. Capon, ... York . Nature Climate Change , 3 , 717-721, doi:10.1038/nclimate1902. | Detail ↩ Lin, S., M. Luo, R. J. Walker, ...

  16. Journal of Genetics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Genetics. Li Jun. Articles written in Journal of Genetics. Volume 90 Issue 2 August 2011 pp 209-215 Research Article. Quantitative trait loci for rice yield-related traits using recombinant inbred lines derived from two diverse cultivars · Xu Feng Bai Li Jun Luo Wen Hao Yan Mallikarjuna Rao Kovi ...

  17. PEOPLE/POINTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Safety Watchdog’s New Chief After the post was vacant for more than one month, the State Administration of Work Safety has a new director. Luo Lin, 53, was announced as the head of China’s work safety regulator on

  18. AGARD Conference Proceedings on High Resolution Air and Spaceborne Radar Held in The Hague, Netherlands on 8-12 May 1989

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-05-01

    swat~h widt-h cncd resolutirun 111I 121. A number -if lu,o,. tt, tray I, ii- ccut ii-,- Il related to the use? of active (chased arraysi - Elect ronic...Address Pax ’ues Various 230 12.tlltrtutt~n tetmon This document is distributed in accordanc with NATIO Security Regulations and A0ARI) policies . High

  19. Subjective Well-Being among Those Who Exchange Sex and Money, Yunnan, China and Thailand

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monk-Turner, Elizabeth; Turner, Charlie

    2010-01-01

    This work explores differences in subjective well-being (SWB) between two samples. Survey data from Yunnan China was collected by Yang and Luo in 2003 and was funded by the National Institute on Drug Abuse. A second pilot data set was collected in Thailand during January and February 2007. Predictors of SWB were explored among the Yunnan sample as…

  20. new polythiophenes with oligo(oxyethylene) side chains

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    USER

    GAS. Laitao Luo*, Zhonghua Gu, Jianjun Guo. Department of Chemistry, Nangchang University, Nangchang, 330047, Jiangxi, P.R. China. (Received June 4 ... KEY WORDS: Purification of exhaust gas, Pt Rh Pd/γ-Al2O3 catalyst, Transition metals .... An ideal d% will result in a useful improvement in catalyst effectiveness.

  1. Journal of Genetics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Genetics. YANG LUO. Articles written in Journal of Genetics. Volume 90 Issue 2 August 2011 pp 339-342 Research Note. Novel vitamin D 1-hydroxylase gene mutations in a Chinese vitamin-D-dependent rickets type I patient · Lihua Cao Fang Liu Yu Wang Jian Ma Shusen Wang Libo Wang ...

  2. Action potential conduction between a ventricular cell model and an isolated ventricular cell

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wilders, R.; Kumar, R.; Joyner, R. W.; Jongsma, H. J.; Verheijck, E. E.; Golod, D.; van Ginneken, A. C.; Goolsby, W. N.

    1996-01-01

    We used the Luo and Rudy (LR) mathematical model of the guinea pig ventricular cell coupled to experimentally recorded guinea pig ventricular cells to investigate the effects of geometrical asymmetry on action potential propagation. The overall correspondence of the LR cell model with the recorded

  3. FeCl3.nano SiO2: An Efficient Heterogeneous Nano Catalyst for the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    NICO

    2012-05-28

    May 28, 2012 ... low cost, ease of preparation, and catalyst recycling.3,4 Among various solid .... FeCl3-SiO2 (np) to produce 1,8-dioxo-octahydro-xanthenes. RESEARCH ..... 38 G. Song, B. Wang, H. Luo and L. Yang, Catal. Commun., 2007, 8 ...

  4. Pramana – Journal of Physics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. Wenfeng Luo1 Xiaoxia Zhao2 Shuyuan Lv1 Haiyan Zhu1. School of Electronic Engineering, Xi'an University of Posts and Telecommunications, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710121, China; School of Physics and Mechanical and Electronic Engineering, Xi'an University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710065, China ...

  5. BioRadBase: A database for bioremediation of radioactive waste

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Windows User

    2012-05-01

    May 1, 2012 ... 16(3): 254-260. Llyod JR, Chesnes J, Glasauer S, Bunker DJ, Livens FR, Lovely DR ... Macaskie LE, Lloyd JR, Thomas RAP, Tolley MR (1996). The use of ... Carroll S, He Z, Gu B, Luo J, Criddle CS, Watson DB, Jardine PM,.

  6. Quantum limits of Eisenstein series and scattering states

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petridis, Y.N.; Raulf, N.; Risager, Morten S.

    2013-01-01

    We identify the quantum limits of scattering states for the modular surface. This is obtained through the study of quantum measures of non-holomorphic Eisenstein series away from the critical line. We provide a range of stability for the quantum unique ergodicity theorem of Luo and Sarnak....

  7. Erratum to "Quantum Limits of Eisenstein Series and Scattering States''

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petridis, Y.N.; Raulf, N.; Risager, Morten S.

    2013-01-01

    We identify the quantum limits of scattering states for the modular surface. This is obtained through the study of quantum measures of non-holomorphic Eisenstein series away from the critical line. We provide a range of stability for the quantum unique ergodicity theorem of Luo and Sarnak...

  8. Journal of Genetics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Yan-Qin Xu Guo-Yan Wei Yin Zhou Fei Ge Guang-Ming Luo · More Details Fulltext PDF. pp e25-e28. Abundance and characteristics of microsatellite markers in Gansu zokor (Eospalax cansus), a fossorial rodent endemic to the Loess plateau, China · Junhu Su Limin Hua Jing Wang Dianne M. Gleeson Yanming Wei Robyn ...

  9. Consumption, indigeneous knowledge and cultural values of the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Of the edible insects, lakeflies (Chaoborus and Chironomus sp) are least documented as items of human consumption. They are eaten by the Luo communities living within the Lake Victoria basin. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the importance of lake flies as a source of food and its role in cultural practices.

  10. 76 FR 67059 - Addition of Certain Persons on the Entity List: Addition of Persons Acting Contrary to the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-31

    ... information indicating that they had knowledge of U.S. export control laws and regulations. The remaining...-users in China, as well as in the diversion of various U.S.-origin goods through Hong Kong to Iran. Luo's involvement in these activities is in contrast to her demonstrated knowledge of U.S. export...

  11. The Cultural Revolution and Contemporary Chinese Art

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Guey-Meei; Suchan, Tom

    2009-01-01

    Using this instructional resource, teachers can explore the impact of the Cultural Revolution (1966-1976) on contemporary art in mainland China with their students. The three artists Luo Zhongli (b. 1948), Xu Bing (b. 1955), and Wang Guangyi (b. 1957) came of age during the Cultural Revolution and are representative of a much larger number of…

  12. Integrated Information Support System (IISS). Volume 8. User Interface Subsystem. Part 39. Electronic Documentation System (EDS) User’s Manual

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-09-30

    conveying any rights or permission to manufacture, use, or market any patented invention that may in any way be related thereto. This technical report...24 Layout Editor A:’on D"D Nline luo ert Profile Description ED,7 tntrDSLEI * PM5SLE a, )catioq Figure 5-8 Edit Document Profile The system will now

  13. South African Medical Journal - Vol 85, No 3 (1995)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Use of saliva as an alternative to serum for HIV screening in Africa · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. Nkandu Luo, Francis Kasolo, Beth-Khumalo Ngwenya, Herbert L. du Pont, Alimuddin Zumla, 156-157 ...

  14. The power of AIDS: kinship, mobility and the valuing of social and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Drawing on fieldwork in Tanzania, I show how the Luo in the Mara region define HIV/AIDS as an outcome of modernity and globalisation, which to them have become embodied in processes of migration, the collapse of generational and gender hierarchies, and an increased immorality in contemporary society. While social ...

  15. Widowhood in the era of HIV/AIDS: A case study of Slaya District ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2007-08-02

    Aug 2, 2007 ... were drunk by the widow, guardian, his wife and children to protect them from any bad omen due to .... hired a mentally impaired man to cleanse me so that they could be free to re-marry in case their spouses died (FGD with .... driving forces for cleansing rites.This belief is deep- seated among the Luo such ...

  16. 46__300 - 305_Sagagi and Imam

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    pc

    ion, but also lead to higher PTE uptake by crops, and thus affecting f uptake depends on the ... he PTE studied, whilst substantial amounts of Cr, Mn and Zn were relea em the most ..... Chemistry and Ecotoxicology, 3(6),142-148,. Luo, X. S.; Yu ...

  17. download full text

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    paula fiona mwikali

    The Portrayal of Masculinity in Dholuo Ohangla Music ... The Luo culture is built on patriarchy and the socialization of the children ..... A leader must be strong because those he/ she leads look up to him/her for direction, assistance and development. ... Being a loyal lieutenant of Orange Democratic Movement, Anyanga ...

  18. Data-Model Assimilation at the FACE and AmeriFlux Sites Toward Predictive Understanding of Carbon Sequestration at Ecosystem and Regional Scales

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Luo, Yiqi [Univ. of Oklahoma, Norman, OK (United States)

    2013-01-09

    The project was conducted during the period from 9/1/2007 to 8/31/2011 with three major tasks: (1) development of data assimilation (DA) techniques for terrestrial carbon research; (2) applications of DA techniques to analysis of carbon cycle at Duke and other FACE sites; and (3) inverse analysis at AmeriFlux sites. During this period, we have developed a variety of techniques, including (1) ensemble Kalman filter to estimate model parameters or state variables (Gao et al. 2011), (2) Conditional inversion to estimate parameters of a carbon cycle model (Wu et al. 2009), and (3) various methods to quantify uncertainty of estimated parameters and predicted C sinks (e.g., Weng et al. 2011), and (4) information theory to evaluate information content of different model structures and data sets (Weng and Luo 2011). We applied the DA techniques to and did modeling at the Duke FACE and other global change experimental sites. We addressed the following issues: (1) interactive effects of CO2, warming and precipitation on ecosystem processes (e.g., Luo et al. 2008, Weng and Luo 2008, Zhou et al. 2008), (2) effects of warming on estimated parameters related to photosynthesis and residence times (Zhou et al. 2010); and (3) uncertainty in estimated parameters and predicted C sequestration (Gao et al. 2011, Weng and Luo 2011). In addition, we have done data assimilation to estimate carbon residence and carbon sequestration in US continent (Zhou and Luo 2008) and temperature sensitivity at the global scale (Zhou et al. 2009).

  19. Nuclear Structure in China 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bai, Hong-Bo; Meng, Jie; Zhao, En-Guang; Zhou, Shan-Gui

    2011-08-01

    Personal view on nuclear physics research / Jie Meng -- High-spin level structures in [symbol]Zr / X. P. Cao ... [et al.] -- Constraining the symmetry energy from the neutron skin thickness of tin isotopes / Lie-Wen Chen ... [et al.] -- Wobbling rotation in atomic nuclei / Y. S. Chen and Zao-Chun Gao -- The mixing of scalar mesons and the possible nonstrange dibaryons / L. R. Dai ... [et al.] -- Net baryon productions and gluon saturation in the SPS, RHIC and LHC energy regions / Sheng-Qin Feng -- Production of heavy isotopes with collisions between two actinide nuclides / Z. Q. Feng ... [et al.] -- The projected configuration interaction method / Zao-Chun Gao and Yong-Shou Chen -- Applications of Nilsson mean-field plus extended pairing model to rare-earth nuclei / Xin Guan ... [et al.] -- Complex scaling method and the resonant states / Jian-You Guo ... [et al.] -- Probing the equation of state by deep sub-barrier fusion reactions / Hong-Jun Hao and Jun-Long Tian -- Doublet structure study in A[symbol]105 mass region / C. Y. He ... [et al.] -- Rotational bands in transfermium nuclei / X. T. He -- Shape coexistence and shape evolution [symbol]Yb / H. Hua ... [et al.] -- Multistep shell model method in the complex energy plane / R. J. Liotta -- The evolution of protoneutron stars with kaon condensate / Ang Li -- High spin structures in the [symbol]Lu nucleus / Li Cong-Bo ... [et al.] -- Nuclear stopping and equation of state / QingFeng Li and Ying Yuan -- Covariant description of the low-lying states in neutron-deficient Kr isotopes / Z. X. Li ... [et al.] -- Isospin corrections for superallowed [symbol] transitions / HaoZhao Liang ... [et al.] -- The positive-parity band structures in [symbol]Ag / C. Liu ... [et al.] -- New band structures in odd-odd [symbol]I and [symbol]I / Liu GongYe ... [et al.] -- The sd-pair shell model and interacting boson model / Yan-An Luo ... [et al.] -- Cross-section distributions of fragments in the calcium isotopes projectile

  20. EDITORIAL More than a wire More than a wire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demming, Anna

    2010-10-01

    commercial stages, these one-dimensional structures have a number of advantages including the lower melting point of materials at the nanoscale and the potential for further reductions in size and programming current and power requirements. Investigations of one-dimensional structures have provided an enduring stimulant to both fundamental and applied research in nanoscale science and technology research. William Plomer once described creativity as 'the ability to connect the apparently unconnected'. It could perhaps be said that nanowires bring creativity to the ability to connect. References [1] Joachim C, Rousset B, Schonenberger C, Kerrien A, Druet E and Chevalier J 1991 Nanotechnology 2 96 [2] Brandbyge M, Schiotz J, Sorensen M R, Stpltze P, Jacobsen K W and Norskov J K 1995 Phys. Rev. B 52 8499-514 [3] Dai K and Haynie D T 2006 Nanotechnology 17 R14-R25 [4] Snider G S and Williams R S 2007 Nanotechnology 18 035204 [5] Li B, Luo Z, Shi L, Zhou J, Rabenberg L, Ho P S, Allen R A and Cresswell M W 2009 Nanotechnology 20 085304 [6] Liao L, Zhang Z, Yan B, Zheng Z, Bao Q L, Wu T, Li C M, Shen Z X, Zhang J X, Gong H, Li J C and Yu T 2009 Nanotechnology 20 085203 [7] Chung A, Deen J, Lee J-S and Meyyappan M 2010 Nanotechnology 21 412001

  1. Journal of Genetics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    DEFANG GAN1 MENGDAN ZHAN1 FENG YANG1 QIQI ZHANG1 KELING HU1 WENJUAN XU1 QINGHUI LU2 LING ZHANG1 DANDI LIANG1. School of Horticulture, Anhui Agricultural University, Hefei 230036, People's Republic of China; Modern Agricultural Science and Technology Cooperative Extension Service Center ...

  2. Thirty-seven transcription factor genes differentially respond to a ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Plant transcription factors and insect defence si. Thirty-seven transcription factor genes differentially respond to a harpin protein and affect resistance to the green peach aphid in Arabidopsis. HUNLIN. PIN. RUOXUE LIŲ, BEIBEI LÜ, XIAOMENG WANG, CHUNLING ZHANG, SHUPING ZHANG, JUN QIAN, LEI CHEN,.

  3. Journal of Chemical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Chemical Sciences; Volume 128; Issue 6. Triflic Anhydride-Mediated Beckmann Rearrangement Reaction of Β-Oximyl Amides: Access to 5-Iminooxazolines. MANGFEI YU QIAN ZHANG JIA WANG PENG HUANG PENGFEI YAN RUI ZHANG DEWEN DONG. Regular Article Volume 128 Issue 6 ...

  4. Casein kinase 1-Like 3 is required for abscisic acid regulation of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Casein kinase 1-Like 3 is required for abscisic acid regulation of seed germination, root growth, and gene expression in Arabidopsis. M Wang, D Yu, X Guo, X Li, J Zhang, L Zhao, H Chang, S Hu, C Zhang, J Shi, X Liu ...

  5. Bulletin of Materials Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science. Shunxiao Zhang. Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 31 Issue 2 April 2008 pp 193-195 Nanomaterials. Mesoscale organization of CuO nanoslices: Formation of sphere · Jun Wang Shunxiao Zhang Zhanshuang Li Jia You Piaoping Yang Xiaoyan Jing Milin ...

  6. Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2016-01-27

    Jan 27, 2016 ... Blazar Observations in Infrared and Optical. Methods for the Quasi-Periodic Variability Analysis in Blazars ... Astronomy Education for Physics Students · J. H. Fan J. S. Zhang J. Y. Zhang Y. Liu H. G. Wang .... Training in Astronomy for Physics Students · J. H. Fan · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF.

  7. Mapping of genes for flower-related traits and QTLs for flowering ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Mapping of genes for flower-related traits and QTLs for flowering time in an interspecific population of Gossypium hirsutum × G. darwinii. Shuwen Zhang, Qianqian Lan, Xiang Gao, Biao Yang, Caiping Cai, Tianzhen Zhang and Baoliang Zhou. J. Genet. 95, 197–201. Table 1. Loci composition and recombination distances of ...

  8. Identification of QTL for maize grain yield and kernel-related traits

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    [Yang C., Zhang L., Jia A. and Rong T. 2016 Identification of QTL for maize grain yield and kernel-related traits. ... 2010; Zhang et al. ...... in the structure and evolution of genetic systems. ... 2013 Fine mapping a major QTL for kernel number per.

  9. Pinoresinol diglucoside exhibits protective effect on dexamethasone ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Pharmacotherapy Group, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Benin, Benin City, 300001 ... Zhan-Feng Zhang, Ji-Kang Min, Dan Wang, Jian-Ming Zhong* .... mineral density meter (Beijing Zhongxi Yuanda ..... Svedbom A, Ivergård M, Hernlund E, Rizzoli R, Kanis JA. ... Pan Y, Niu Y, Li C, Zhai Y, Zhang R, Guo X, Mei Q. Du-.

  10. Description of two new species of the Neoperla montivaga group (Plecoptera: Perlidae) from Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Juan; Zhang, Sujiong; Li, Weihai

    2017-03-05

    The following two new species from Shiwandashan of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China are described, Neoperla bicolor Yang, Zhang & Li, sp. nov. and N. muranyii Yang, Zhang & Li, sp. nov. The new species are compared with related congeners of their respective species subgroups.

  11. Effect of the Chinese herb Mesima Reishi UE-1 on invasion of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Effect of the Chinese herb Mesima Reishi UE-1 on invasion of human ovarian cancer cells in vitro. J He, X He, HY Zhang, XF Yang, J He, LH Zhang, YL Li. Abstract. To study the effects of Mesima Reishi UE-1 on the metastatic phenotype of the human ovarian cancer cell line HO8910. HO8910 cells were pretreated with ...

  12. Journal of Chemical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. Xing Hui Zhang1 Fu Long Zhang1 Zhi Yuan Geng2. College of Chemical Engineering, Gansu Lianhe University, Lanzhou 730010, P.R. China; College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou 730070, P.R. China ...

  13. Bulletin of Materials Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science. Zhang Lei. Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 34 Issue 1 February 2011 pp 161-167. Characterization on strength and toughness of welded joint for Q550 steel · Jiang Qinglei Li Yajiang Wang Juan Zhang Lei · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. Q550 high ...

  14. Reference: 356 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 006 Mar Plant molecular biology Deng Xingwang|Dong Li|Wang Lei|Xue Yongbiao|Zhang Yansheng|Zhang Yu'e ...ein CEGENDUO negatively regulates auxin-mediated lateral root formation in Arabidopsis. 4 599-615 16525894 2

  15. Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research - Vol 14, No 7 (2015)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Evaluation of Therapeutic Effects of Radiotherapy during Treatment of Lung Adenocarcinoma in Mice with Positron Emission Tomography Imaging ofF-FLT andF-FDG · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. B Qu, H Wang, W Yu, J Zhang, H Zhang, J Tian ...

  16. Bulletin of Materials Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science. LIFANG ZHANG. Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 38 Issue 3 June 2015 pp 811-816. Fabrication and characterization of PDLLA/pyrite composite bone scaffold for osteoblast culture · Lifang Zhang Yanyan Zheng Chengdong Xiong · More Details Abstract ...

  17. Collaborative Learning. Research to Practice Brief

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawrence, K. S.

    2016-01-01

    A Fully Integrated Educational System practices collaborative learning among all peers. The study summarized in this report (Zhang, X., Anderson, R. C., Morris, J., Miller, B., Nguyen-Janiel, K. T., Lin, T., Zhang, J., Jadallah, M., Scott, T., Sun, J., Latawjec, B., Ma, S., Grabow, K., & Hsu, J. Y. (2016). "Improving children's competence…

  18. Recombination-activating gene 1 and 2 (RAG1 and RAG2) in flounder

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2016-08-26

    Aug 26, 2016 ... Xianlei Wang1 2 Xungang Tan1 Pei-Jun Zhang1 Yuqing Zhang1 Peng Xu1. Key Laboratory of Experimental Marine Biology, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 7 Nanhai Road, Qingdao 266071, China; National Oceanographic Center, 88 Xuzhou Road, Qingdao, Shandong 266071, ...

  19. Frequency upconversion in catechin assisted : - square nanoplates

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    VAIRAPPERUMAL TAMILMANI

    2017-11-25

    Nov 25, 2017 ... out to be a prominent ligand for its coordination on the surface of the ..... C 113. 14702. 12. Jin J, Gu Y J, Man C W Y, Cheng J, Xu Z, Zhang Y, Wang .... Ding B, Han C, Zheng L, Zhang J, Wang R and Tang. Z 2015 Tuning ...

  20. Influences of protective atmosphere on the characterization and ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    tective atmosphere on the characterization and properties of the ceramics were investigated. All the ceramics showed ... Tian-Hang Zhang et al temperature and ..... Soc. 24 3731. 20. Wang Y, Zhang Y C, Hu Z J, Gao X, Guo X F and Jiang Y J.

  1. African Journal of Biotechnology - Vol 10, No 65 (2011)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    HQ Lou, Y Hu, L Zhang, YJ Zhang, PG Tu, XT Yu, YJ Jin, L Wang, 14286-14292 ... The effect of osmopriming on germination, seedling growth and phosphatase activities of lettuce under saline ... S Han, TH Zhu, SJ Li, FL Li, 14404-14409.

  2. Targeting the I-Kappa-B Kinase Epsilon (IKKe) for Breast Cancer Therapy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-09-01

    Mol Pharm 2009, 6(3):772-779. 15. Cheng K, Fraga D, Zhang C, Kotb M, Gaber AO, Guntaka RV, Mahato RI: Adenovirus-based vascular endothelial growth...Pharmaceutics 2009, 6, 772– 779. (27) Cheng, K.; Fraga, D.; Zhang, C.; Kotb, M.; Gaber , A. O.; Guntaka, R. V.; Mahato, R. I. Adenovirus-based vascular

  3. Using datamining approaches to selectacupoints in acupuncture ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Using datamining approaches to selectacupoints in acupuncture and Moxibustion for knee osteoarthritis. Changyan Liu, Youxin Su, Jian He, Yanan Li, Shaoqing Chen, Yingjie Zhang, Ziyi Zhang, Meili Lu, Zhen He, Wenting Wang, Yiru Wang, Lu Sheng, Zhengxuan Zhan, Xu Wang, Naixi Zheng ...

  4. Bulletin of Materials Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science. Jiuxing Zhang. Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 34 Issue 4 July 2011 pp 825-828. Magnetocaloric effect of Gd5Si2Ge2 alloys in low magnetic field · Hong Zeng Chunjiang Kuang Jiuxing Zhang Ming Yue · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF.

  5. DMPD: Macrophage activation by endogenous danger signals. [Dynamic Macrophage Pathway CSML Database

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 18161744 Macrophage activation by endogenous danger signals. Zhang X, Mosser DM. J ...Pathol. 2008 Jan;214(2):161-78. (.png) (.svg) (.html) (.csml) Show Macrophage activation by endogenous dange...r signals. PubmedID 18161744 Title Macrophage activation by endogenous danger signals. Authors Zhang X, Moss

  6. Verification of the utility of molecular markers linked to the multiple ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    GREGORY

    2010-08-30

    Aug 30, 2010 ... Feng Hui*, Wang Lili, Wei Peng, Liu Zhiyong, Li Chengyu, Wang Yugang, Ji Ruiqin and Zhang. Huaqing ..... Chin. Agric. Sci. Bull. 22: 377-379. Li CY, Feng H, Wei P, Wang LL, Zhang J, Yang HN, Jiang N (2009). Directional transfer of the genic multiple allele inherited male sterile line in Chinese cabbage.

  7. African Journal of Biotechnology - Vol 10, No 73 (2011)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Morphological diversity of wild medicinal Paris L. from China and Vietnam · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. JY Zhang, J Zhang, WZ Yang, YZ Wang, H Yu, H Jin, 16421-16428 ...

  8. Bulletin of Materials Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science. XIAOWEN ZHANG. Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 37 Issue 4 June 2014 pp 895-902. Structural evolution, electrical and optical properties of AZO films deposited by sputtering ultra-high density target · Jiwen Xu Zupei Yang Hua Wang Xiaowen Zhang.

  9. Broad-Band Spectral Indices Variability of BL Lacertae by Wavelet ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    by Wavelet Method. Hao-Jing Zhang1,2,∗, Jing-Ming Bai1, Yu-Ying Bao3 & Xiong Zhang2. 1Yunnan Astronomical Observatory, National Astronomical Observatory, ... 3Department of Physics, Yuxi Teachers' College, Yuxi, Yunnan 653100, China. ∗ ... broad-band spectral indices—periodic variation—methods: numerical:.

  10. calcium sulphate hemihydrate and bioactive glass composites for ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science; Volume 41; Issue 2. In vitro bioactivity evaluation of α -calcium sulphate hemihydrate and bioactive glass composites for their potential use in bone regeneration. YANYAN ZHENG CHENGDONG XIONG DUJUAN ZHANG LIFANG ZHANG. Volume 41 Issue 2 April 2018 Article ID ...

  11. Bulletin of Materials Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science; Volume 41; Issue 2. Effect of oxygen vacancies on Li-storage of anatase TiO 2 (001) facets: a first principles study. H CHEN Y H DING X Q TANG W ZHANG J R YIN P ZHANG Y JIANG. Volume 41 Issue 2 April 2018 Article ID 51 ...

  12. JIU-REN YIN

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science. JIU-REN YIN. Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 40 Issue 6 October 2017 pp 1255-1261. Molecular dynamics study on the relaxation properties of bilayered graphene with defects · WEI ZHANG JIU-REN YIN PING ZHANG YAN-HUAI DING YONG J IANG.

  13. Bulletin of Materials Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science. YONG J IANG. Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 40 Issue 6 October 2017 pp 1255-1261. Molecular dynamics study on the relaxation properties of bilayered graphene with defects · WEI ZHANG JIU-REN YIN PING ZHANG YAN-HUAI DING YONG J IANG.

  14. Journal of Genetics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    pp 107-116 Research Article. Highly conserved D-loop-like nuclear mitochondrial sequences (Numts) in tiger (Panthera tigris) · Wenping Zhang Zhihe Zhang Fujun Shen Rong Hou Xiaoping Lv Bisong Yue · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. Using oligonucleotide primers designed to match hypervariable segments I ...

  15. Volume inequalities for asymmetric Wulff shapes

    OpenAIRE

    Schuster, Franz E.; Weberndorfer, Manuel

    2012-01-01

    Sharp reverse affine isoperimetric inequalities for asymmetric Wulff shapes and their polars are established, along with the characterization of all extremals. These new inequalities have as special cases previously obtained simplex inequalities by Ball, Barthe and Lutwak, Yang, and Zhang. In particular, they provide the solution to a problem by Zhang.

  16. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Sadhana. WEI XIONG. Articles written in Sadhana. Volume 41 Issue 6 June 2016 pp 621-632. Nonstationary weak signal detection based on normalization stochastic resonance with varying parameters · HAIBIN ZHANG WEI XIONG SHANGBIN ZHANG QINGBO HE FANRANG KONG · More Details Abstract ...

  17. antimycobacterial and cytotoxicity evaluation of the constituents of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    nb

    AKT/mTOR pathway and S phase cell cycle arrest in HepG2 cells. Food. Chem. 138: 1034-1041. Chen T, He J, Zhang J, Li X, Zhang H, Hao. J, Li L 2012 The isolation and identification of two compounds with predominant radical scavenging activity in hempseed (seed of Cannabis sativa. L.). Food Chem. 134: 1030-1037.

  18. Photoacoustic Detection of Terahertz Radiation for Chemical Sensing and Imaging Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-01

    ISSN 2229-5518 [39] Jingle Liu, Benjamin Clough, and X. C. Zhang, “Enhancement of photoacoustic emission through terahertz-field driven electron...materials,” Journal of Electroceramics, vol. 2: p. 257-272, 2009. [47] Jingle Liu, Benjamin Clough, and X. C. Zhang, “Enhancement of photoacoustic

  19. characterisation, phylogenetic analysis,functional annotation

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Navya

    2017-01-06

    Jan 6, 2017 ... 3Collaborative Innovation Center for Efficient and Health Production of ... qPCR: a) in five tissues from a healthy blunt snout bream, indicating ..... FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations) ... Sci.28, 210-214. .... Zhang F., Zhang L., Sun L.-L., Meng X.-L., Zhao Y. and Jin X. 2013 Effects of ...

  20. Journal of Biosciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. Ruoxue Liu1 Beibei Lü1 Xiaomeng Wang1 Chunling Zhang1 Shuping Zhang1 Jun Qian1 Lei Chen1 Haojie Shi1 Hansong Dong1. State Ministry of Agriculture Key Laboratory of Monitoring and Management of Crop Pathogens and Insect Pests, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China ...

  1. The Relationship of Goldberg's Big Five Personality Trait Measures of Mid-Level Leaders at Midwest State-Supported Colleges and Universities to the Cameron and Quinn Competing Values Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kempke Eppler, Michelle R.

    2012-01-01

    This dissertation expands previous work of Giberson, Resick, Dickson, Mitchelson, Randall, and Clark (2009), Zhang, Tsui, Song, & Jia (2008), and Tsui, Zhang, Wang, Xin, and Wu (2006) by examining higher education organizational culture and leadership. There is a paucity of research in examining the relationships between university mid-level…

  2. In situ Raman Spectroscopy Study of the Formation of Graphene from Urea and Graphite Oxide

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-01

    pp. 075404, Aug., 2006. [5] K. S. Novoselov, Z. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. Morozov, H. Stormer , U. Zeitler, J. Maan, G. Boebinger, P. Kim, and A. Geim...Room-temperature quantum hall effect in graphene.” Science, vol. 315, no. 5817, pp. 1379, Mar., 2007. [6] Y. Zhang, Y. W. Tan, H. L. Stormer , and

  3. Electronic Struture and Quantum Effects of Thin Metal Film Systems Based on Silicon Carbide

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-01

    324, 924 (2009). [33] K. S. Novoselov et al., Nature (London) 438, 197 (2005). [34] Y. Zhang, Y.-W. Tan, H. L. Stormer , and P. Kim, Nature (London...Zhang, Y.-W. Tan, H. L. Stormer , and P. Kim, Nature (London) 438, 201 (2005). [6] K. S. Novoselov et al., Nature Phys. 2, 177 (2006). [7] E. McCann and V

  4. Preparation and characterization of water-absorbing composite ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ABCO

    2012-08-16

    Aug 16, 2012 ... 2007; Doorkosh et al., 2000), and natural polymers (Yu et al., 2009; Doorkosh et al., ... Zhang et al., 2007; Lee and Chen, 2005; Neaman et al.,. 2004; Lin et al., 2001). ..... Li A, Zhang JP, Wang AQ (2007). Utilization of starch ...

  5. Temperature sensitivity (Q10), and dynamics of soil organic matter (SOM) decomposition in permafrost soils with different carbon quality and under experimental warming. R. Bracho1, E.A.G Schuur1, E. Pegoraro1, K.G. Crummer1, S. Natali2, J. Zhou, Y Luo3, J. L. Wu3, M. Tiedje4, K. Konstantinidis5 1Department of Biology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL. 2Woods Hole Research Center, Falmouth, MA. 3Institute for Environmental Genomics and Department of Botany and Microbiology, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK, 4Center for Microbial Ecology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI; 5Center for Bioinformatics and Computational Genomics and School of Biology, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bracho, R. G.; Schuur, E. A.; Pegoraro, E.; Crummer, K. G.; Natali, S.; Zhou, J.; Wu, L.; Luo, Y.; Tiedje, J. M.; Konstantinidis, K.

    2013-12-01

    Permafrost soils contain approximately1700 Pg of carbon (C), twice the amount of C in the atmosphere. Temperatures in higher latitudes are increasing, inducing permafrost thaw and subsequent microbial decomposition of previously frozen C. This process is one of the most likely positive feedbacks to climate change. Understanding the temperature sensitivity (Q10) and dynamics of SOM decomposition under warming is essential to predict the future state of the earth - climate system. Alaskan tundra soils were exposed to two winter warming (WW) seasons in the field, which warmed the soils by 4°C to 40 cm depth. Soils were obtained from three depths (0 - 15, 15 - 25 and 45 - 55 cm) and differed in initial amounts of labile and recalcitrant C. Soils were incubated in the lab under aerobic conditions, at 15 and 25°C over 365 days. Q10 was estimated at 14, 100 & 280 days of incubation (DOI); C fluxes were measured periodically and dynamics of SOM decomposition (C pool sizes and decay rates) were estimated by fitting a two pool C model to cumulative respired C (Ccum, mgC/ginitialC). After two WW seasons, initial C content tended to decrease through the soil profile and C:N ratio was significantly decreased in the top 15 cm. After one year of incubation, Ccum was twice as high at 25°C as at 15°C and significantly decreased with depth. No significant WW field treatment was detected, although Ccum tended to be lower in warmed soils. Labile C accounted for up to 5% of initial soil C content in the top 15 cm and decreased with depth. Soils exposed to WW had smaller labile C pools, and higher labile C decay rates in the top 25 cm. Q10 significantly decreased with time and depth as labile pool decreased, especially for WW. This decrease with time indicates a lower temperature sensitivity of the most recalcitrant C pool. The deepest WW soil layer, where warming was more pronounced, had significantly lower Q10 compared to control soils at the same depth. After two seasons, the warming treatment affected decomposition by reducing labile C pools and increasing its decay rates. Warming also reduced temperature sensitivity, showing acclimation of the most recalcitrant C pool in the tundra ecosystem.

  6. 2000年《照明工程学报》总目次

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    Chromaticity- Discrimination Ellipses Huan Hui et al.(3-24) Influence of Colour Temperature and Colour Rendering of Lamp on Interior Light Environment Jin Hai et al.(3-27) Colour Standard and Image Display Cui Xianming et al.(3-30) Discussion on the Microwave Leakage of the Sulfur Lamp Chen Yuming et al.(3-33) The Influence of Illuminant/observe Condition on Color Measurement Che Xiaju Ma Yu Zhu Yin(4-4) Research on Power Supply and Light Source of Green Lighting Ma Weishan Zhou Wenjin Yang Shiguang(4-9) The Analyses for the Current Situation of Traffic Light in China Ning Chuwen Zhou Lijiao(4-15) Technical Present State and Prospects on Railway Color Signal Light of Our Country Sun Lifan(4-19) Energy Efficiency Standard, Labeling, Certification and Efficient Lighting Products Gao Fei Liu Hong(4-24) The Application of B-spline in the Design of Automobile Headlamp Zhou Jun Zhou Taiming(4-31) On Large Power Phosphor Electronic Ballast for Linear Fluorescent Lamps Deng Shuxing(4-36) Lighting Design and Application Lighting Landscape Features of Tiananmen Square Li Tienan Xiao Huiqian et al.(1-32) A Discussion of Urban Landscape Lighting in Chongqing He Ying Deng Shenjun et al.(1-36) A New Lighting Planning Method for Small Shop Interiors ——Merchandise Siting Method(Ⅰ) Cai Hongyi(1-41) A New Lighting Planning Method for Small Shop Interiors-Merchandise Siting Method(Ⅱ) Cai Hongyi(2-32) Light Environment in Housing Zhang Yaogen Zhang Shaogang Zheng Jianping(2-39) The Applications of Downlights in Interior Lighting Gu Yiyan Yu Lihua(2-45) Landscape Lighting Planning of Shengnan Avenue Li Tienan Zhu Ningtao(2-49) Lighting of Sports Hall and Auditorium Tadashi Nishimura(2-55) Prelude of New Century Illuminating Realum (2-60) Computer Simulation for the Daylighting Environments of Residential Buildings in Beijing Li Defu et al.(3-38) Primary Research of Classic Building Landscape Lighting Gao Guitai et al.(3-44) A Study on Glare Control in Gumnasium Lighting Luo Hong et al.(3

  7. PREFACE: Preface

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luo, Qingming; Wang, Lihong V.; Tuchin, Valery V.

    2011-02-01

    Qingming LuoLihong V WangValery V TuchinConference Chairs 9th International Conference on Photonics and Imaging in Biology and Medicine (PIBM 2010)2-5 November 2010Wuhan, China EditorsQingming Luo, Huazhong University of Science and Technology (China)Lihong V Wang , Washington University in St. Louis (USA)Valery V Tuchin, Saratov State University (Russia) Sponsored and Organized byHuazhong University of Science and Technology (China)Wuhan National Laboratory for Optoelectronics (China)Britton Chance Center for Biomedical Photonics (China) Technical Co-sponsored byIBOS-International Biomedical Optics SocietyThe Chinese Optical SocietyThe Biophysical Society of China Co-organized byKey Laboratory of Biomedical Photonics, Ministry of Education (China)Virtual Research Center of Biomedical Photonics, Ministry of Education (China)Hubei Bioinformatics and Molecular Imaging Key Laboratory (China) CONFERENCE COMMITTEES Honorary ChairsBritton Chance, University of Pennsylvania (USA)Bingkun Zhou, Tsinghua University (China) Conference ChairsQingming Luo, Huazhong University of Science and Technology (China)Lihong V Wang , Washington University in St. Louis (USA)Valery V Tuchin, Saratov State University (Russia) Advisory CommitteeSydney Brenner, The Salk Institute in La Jolla, California (USA)Howard Chen, K&L Gates (USA)Jing Cheng, Tsinghua University (China)Shu Chien, University of California, San Diego (USA)Paul Ching-Wu Chu, University of Houston (USA)Aaron Ciechanover, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa (Israel)A Stephen Dahms, Alfred E Mann Foundation for Biomedical Engineering (USA)Da Hsuan Feng, National Cheng Kung University (Taiwan, China)Steven R Goodman, SUNY Upstate Medical University (USA)Barry Halliwell, National University of Singapore (Singapore)John Hart, The University of Texas at Dallas (USA)George Radda, Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR) (Singapore)Zihe Rao, Nankai University (China)Brian M Salzberg, University of Pennsylvania (USA

  8. Nonlinear Deformable-body Dynamics

    CERN Document Server

    Luo, Albert C J

    2010-01-01

    "Nonlinear Deformable-body Dynamics" mainly consists in a mathematical treatise of approximate theories for thin deformable bodies, including cables, beams, rods, webs, membranes, plates, and shells. The intent of the book is to stimulate more research in the area of nonlinear deformable-body dynamics not only because of the unsolved theoretical puzzles it presents but also because of its wide spectrum of applications. For instance, the theories for soft webs and rod-reinforced soft structures can be applied to biomechanics for DNA and living tissues, and the nonlinear theory of deformable bodies, based on the Kirchhoff assumptions, is a special case discussed. This book can serve as a reference work for researchers and a textbook for senior and postgraduate students in physics, mathematics, engineering and biophysics. Dr. Albert C.J. Luo is a Professor of Mechanical Engineering at Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL, USA. Professor Luo is an internationally recognized scientist in the field of non...

  9. Perehdyttämisen kehittäminen pankissa

    OpenAIRE

    Hirvonen, Emma

    2016-01-01

    Muuttuva työelämä luo haasteita yrityksille, mutta myös niiden työntekijöille. Perehdyttämisen merkitys niin yritykselle itselleen kuin sen työntekijöillekin on merkittävä. Erityisesti uusien työntekijöiden perehdyttämiseen panostaminen luo arvoa kaikille osapuolille. Opinnäytetyössä tutkittiin uusien työntekijöiden perehdyttämisen tilaa pankissa ja sen mahdollisia kehittämistarpeita. Opinnäytetyö toteutettiin laadullisena tutkimuskyselynä vuoden sisään pankkiin palkatulle henkilöstölle. O...

  10. Clinical study of the hypothesis of endogenous collateral wind on acute coronary syndrome: a review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Xian; Zhang, Cong; Yang, Ran; Zhu, Haiyan; Zhao, Huaibing; Li, Xiaoming

    2014-01-01

    Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS), is a serious threat to people's health, and life, and in recent years, the incidence has increased yearly. This study was to propose the hypothesis of "endogenous collateral wind" based on the patho-mechanism of thrombogenesis complicated by ruptured plaque on ACS, and the theory of traditional Chinese medicine. Through successful coronary angiography (CAG), and intravascular ultrasound (IVUS), patients with coronary artery disease were made the differential diagnosis such as blood stasis, blood stasis due to phlegm obstruction, and endogenous collateral wind. The levels of plasma inflammatory marker were measured to study on the characteristics of "endogenous collateral wind". Luo heng dripping pills with promoting blood circulation to expel wind-evil, and remove wetness were made based on the hypothesis of "endogenous collateral wind" on ACS. Patients with unstable angina were randomly divided into 3, groups based on therapeutic methods: conventional therapy group, Luo Heng dripping pills group and Tongxinluo caps. Differences among groups were compared. There were great changes in number and degree of coronary arteriostenosis confirmed by CAG, the types of ACC/AHA lesion and Levin lesion confirmed by CAG, remodeling index, positive or negative remodeling percentage measured by IVUS, the plasma levels of plasma inflammatory marker measured by ELLSA in the patients with endogenous collateral wind, compared with patients with blood stasis and blood stasis due to phlegm obstruction. The total effective rate of improved angina in Luo Heng dripping pills group was significantly higher than those in other two groups. The levels of plasma inflammatory marker were significantly lower in Luo Heng dripping pills group. There were some pathological basis which were found about the hypothesis of "endogenous collateral wind" on acute coronary syndrome. It provided evidences for patients with coronary artery disease treated by medicines with

  11. Targeting Transcription Elongation Machinery for Breast Cancer Therapy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-05-01

    Luo CONTRACTING ORGANIZATION: University of California, Berkeley Berkeley, CA 94704 REPORT DATE: May 2016 TYPE OF REPORT: Annual PREPARED FOR...ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) 8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBER University of California, Berkeley BERKELEY, CA 94704 9. SPONSORING...molecules. We have employed the CRISPR /Cas9 genome-editing tool to knock out the gene encoding the SEC component AFF4 or knock in a mutant cyclin T1 (AAG

  12. Preparation and infrared spectra of the Schiff base solid complexes [UO2(sal-O-phdn)(H2O)] and [UO2(sal-O-phdn) (Et3N)] (sal-O-phdn=n, n'-o-phenylenebissalicylideniminato)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sadeek, S.A.; Teleb, S.M.; Al-Kority, A.M.

    1993-01-01

    In the present communication, we report the preparation of the related two new complexes, [UO 2 (sal-o-phdn)(H 2 O)] and LUO 2 (sal-o-phdn)(Et 3 N)], where sal-o-phdn=N, N'-o-phenylenebis (salicylideneiminato); here U VI is seven-coordinate. The infrared spectra of these two complexes are recorded and assigned. (author). 10 refs., 1 tab

  13. Viestintäverkkojen ja -palveluiden toimivuuden ja tietoturvallisuuden häiriönhallinta

    OpenAIRE

    Paananen, Rauli

    2017-01-01

    Yhteiskunnassa on käynnissä voimakas kaiken mahdollisen digitalisoiminen ja esimerkiksi kaikkia viranomaisia koskee velvollisuus sähköistää keskeiset palvelunsa kuluttajien saataville. Sähköinen asiointi, palveluiden kasvava määrä ja kuluttajien siirtyminen mobiili- ja verkkopalveluihin luo markkinoille uusia innovaatioita ja tuo kansalaisille arjen sujuvuutta hoitaa päivittäisiä asioitaan, ajasta ja paikasta riippumatta. Toisaalta yhteiskunnan toimivuus on entistä haavoittuvampi ja alttiimpi...

  14. Hydrothermal synthesis of porous Co(OH)2 nanoflake array film and ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    sented discharge current and M (mg), V (V) and t (s) designate mass of ..... Chang Z R, Li H J, Tang H W, Yuan X Z and Wang H J 2009 Int. J. Hydrogen. Energy ... Interfaces 3 99. Kong L B, Liu M C, Lang J W, Liu M, Luo Y C and Kang L 2011 ... Yuan Y F, Xia X H, Wu J B, Yang J L, Chen Y B and Guo S Y 2011. Electrochim.

  15. China Report, Political, Sociological and Military Affairs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-01-08

    developing weapons, and Jane ( Lauder ) [Luo-de-er 3157 1795 1422], former senior official of the National Security Council. Many U.S. scholars and...growth will lead to economic bankruptcy, disturbances, and war...So Reagan’s proposal is very important." From 1958 to 1980, the amount of money ... money and forgot the whole thing. Those people were afraid of disequilibrium and would rather let all of us remain in poverty. We can never complete

  16. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    E K, Guan R, Magnone S R, Johnson E F, Bouska J J,. Olson A M, Jong R D, Oltersdorf T, Luo Y, Rosenberg. S H, Girandaa V L and Li Q 2006 Bioorg. Med. Chem. 14 6832. 9. D'Amour F E and Smith D L 1941 J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. 72 74. 10. Winter C A, Risley E A and Nuss G W 1962 Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med. 111 544.

  17. Antimicrobial Peptide-PNA Conjugates Selectively Targeting Bacterial Genes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-22

    antibacterial therapy. Initial publications suggest that conjugates of cell penetrating peptides and PNA’s can overcome the barrier in transporting ...Zhou, Y., Hou, Z., Meng, J., and Luo, X. Targeting RNA polymerase primary σ70 as a therapeutic strategy against methicillin - resistant ... Staphylococcus aureus by antisense peptide nucleic acid. PLoS One. 2012; 7(1):e29886. 2. Good, L., Sandberg, R., Larsson, O., Nielsen, P.E., and Wahlestedt, C

  18. Taxonomic studies of Glochidion (Phyllanthaceae) from the Indo-China Peninsula (I): G. shanense, a new species from Myanmar

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yao, Gang; Cai, Jie; Wu, Youheng; Yang, Xuefei; Oo, Thaung Naing; Moe, Aung Zaw; Luo, Shixiao

    2018-01-01

    Abstract Based on morphological studies performed on live plants in the field and specimens deposited in herbaria, a new species, Glochidion shanense Gang Yao & Shixiao Luo (Phyllantheae, Phyllanthaceae), is here described and illustrated. The species is morphologically most similar to G. ellipticum Wight, but can be distinguished from the latter by having hairy branchlets, longer pedicels, uniseriate and narrowly triangular sepals of female flowers, 4–5-locular ovaries, stout and cylindric persistent style on fruits. PMID:29670453

  19. Sm , Bi phosphors with high efficiency white-light-emittin

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2017-08-29

    Aug 29, 2017 ... Therefore, researches on high efficiency red phos- phors are very important. So far ..... ing concentration and reached a maximum at y = 8 mol%. A .... [10] Xue L P, Wang Y J, Lv P W, Chen D G, Lin Z, Liang J K et al. 2009 Crystal ... [28] Liu J, Xu B, Song C, Luo H, Zou X, Han L et al 2012 Cryst-. EngComm.

  20. Noninvasive Detection of AR-FL/AR-V7 as a Predictive Biomarker for Therapeutic Resistance in Men with Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-10-01

    acknowledged federal support) 5. Antonarakis ES, Armstrong AJ, Dehm SM, Luo J. Androgen receptor variant-driven prostate cancer : clinical implications...Resistant Prostate Cancer abstract Purpose A splice variant of the androgen receptor , AR-V7, confers resistance to AR-targeted therapies (ATTs) but not...androgen receptor ; AR-V7, androgen receptor splice variant 7; mCRPC, metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer ; n/N, number of patients in that

  1. Treatment of Fragile X Syndrome with a Neuroactive Steroid

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-01

    Fulks JL, O’Bryhim BE et al (2010) Dopamine release and uptake impairments and behavioral alterations observed in mice that model fragile x mental...D2 dopamine receptor agonist. J Cogn Neurosci 4(1):58–68 Luo Y, Shan G et al (2010) Fragile x mental retardation protein regulates proliferation and...AD_________________ Award Number: W81XWH-11-1-0626 TITLE: Treatment of Fragile X Syndrome with a

  2. Protective effect of galangin in Concanavalin A- induced hepatitis in mice

    OpenAIRE

    Luo Q; Zhu L; Ding J; Zhuang X; Xu L; Chen F

    2015-01-01

    Qingqiong Luo,1,* Liping Zhu,1,* Jieying Ding,1 Xing Zhuang,1 Lili Xu,2 Fuxiang Chen1 1Department of Clinical Immunology, Shanghai Ninth People’s Hospital, Shanghai JiaoTong University School of Medicine, 2Division of Gastroenterology, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Abstract: Galangin is an active pharmacological ingredient from propolis and Alpinia officinarum Hance, and has been r...

  3. Protective effect of galangin in Concanavalin A-induced hepatitis in mice

    OpenAIRE

    Luo, Qingqiong; Zhu, Liping; Ding, Jieying; Zhuang, Xing; Xu, Lili; Chen, Fuxiang

    2015-01-01

    Qingqiong Luo,1,* Liping Zhu,1,* Jieying Ding,1 Xing Zhuang,1 Lili Xu,2 Fuxiang Chen1 1Department of Clinical Immunology, Shanghai Ninth People’s Hospital, Shanghai JiaoTong University School of Medicine, 2Division of Gastroenterology, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Abstract: Galangin is an active pharmacological ingredient from propolis and Alpinia officinarum Hance, an...

  4. Algorithms for Large-Scale Astronomical Problems

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-01

    Magana, Ross O’Connell, Xiaoying Xu, and Feng Yu . They are very nice and provided a lot of useful information. During these years I have worked with...Sicun Gao, Fan Guo, Yunchuan Kong, Ni Lao, Lei Li, Nan Li, Jialiu Lin, Yuefeng Lin, Xi Liu, Ning Lu, Min Luo, Kai Ren, Chao Shen, Long Qin, Huimin... Hsieh , Deborah A. Wallach, Mike Burrows, Tushar Chandra, Andrew Fikes, and Robert E. Gruber. Bigtable: A distributed storage system for structured data

  5. Quantum Unique Ergodicity for Eisenstein Series on the Hilbert Modular Group over a Totally Real Field

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Truelsen, Jimi Lee

    W. Luo and P. Sarnak have proved quantum unique ergodicity for Eisenstein series on $PSL(2,Z) \\backslash H$. We extend their result to Eisenstein series on $PSL(2,O) \\backslash H^n$, where $O$ is the ring of integers in a totally real field of degree $n$ over $Q$ with narrow class number one, using...... the Eisenstein series considered by I. Efrat. We also give an expository treatment of the theory of Hecke operators on non-holomorphic Hilbert modular forms....

  6. Exploration of Food Culture in Kisumu: A Socio-Cultural Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fredrick Argwenge Odede

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Increasingly food culture in the context of socio-cultural dimension is becoming important for sustainable urban development. In the last four years food festivals have been held in Kisumu attracting several interests both from within and without the City. The Kisumu fish night event of 2013 marked the melting point of food culture in Kisumu. This paper thus explores the noble intention of integrating food culture in Kisumu as a socio-cultural capital for the advancement of City sustainable development agenda. To an agrarian society, life is about food from its production, the processing/preservation up to the consumption or the sharing. People connect to their cultural or ethnic background through similar food patterns.  People from different cultural backgrounds eat different foods leading to the question: Are Luos in Kisumu defined by their own food culture? This study further investigated the mode of production, and storage of food resources, examined food cuisines of the Luo community in Kisumu, and assessed the food habits, practices and beliefs associated with food cuisines, as well as, the nutritional and socio-cultural values of Luo cuisines. The research employed qualitative methods of data collection such as interviews, observation, focused group discussion and photography using purposive and snowball sampling technique. Content analysis was used to draw general universal statements in thematic areas with respect to the research objectives. The study revealed that Luo community in Kisumu has a food culture laced with rich cultural practices, rituals and societal norms that defines them as a distinct cultural identity but interacts with other cultural groups in the metropolitan city of Kisumu. Further, the study confirms that indeed food culture is vital for sustainable development of urban centre granted that Kisumu largely evolved as urban centre for exchange of goods for food.

  7. Short synthesis and antimalarial activity of fagaronine

    OpenAIRE

    Rivaud, M.; Mendoza, A.; Sauvain, Michel; Valentin, A.; Jullian, Valérie

    2012-01-01

    Herein, we report a new synthesis of fagaronine 1, inspired by the synthesis reported by Luo for nornitidine. The in vitro biological activity of fagaronine against malaria on several chloroquine-sensitive and resistant Plasmodium falciparum strains was confirmed, and the selectivity index compared to mammalian cells was calculated. Fagaronine was found to have very good antimalarial activity in vivo, comparable to the activity of the reference compound chloroquine. Therefore, fagaronine appe...

  8. Eye-Safe Polycrystalline Lasers

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-01

    Goldsmith , Spectrochim. Acta, 20 [5] 781-4 (1964). 15 A. B. Ali, M. O. Awaleh, M. Leblanc, L. S. Smiri, V. Maisonneuve, and S. Houlbert, C.R.Chimie...Chantikul, B. R. Lawn, andD. B. Marshall , J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 64[9] 533- 538 (1981). 21. L. M. Seaverson, S. Q. Luo, P. L. Chien, andJ. F. Mcclelland, J

  9. Virtual reality simulator for vitreoretinal surgery using integrated OCT data

    OpenAIRE

    Kozak, Igor; Banerjee,Pat; Luo,Jia; Luciano,Cristian

    2014-01-01

    Igor Kozak,1 Pat Banerjee,2 Jia Luo,2 Cristian Luciano21King Khaled Eye Specialist Hospital, Vitreoretinal Division, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; 2College of Engineering, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USAAbstract: Operative practice using surgical simulators has become a part of training in many surgical specialties, including ophthalmology. We introduce a virtual reality retina surgery simulator capable of integrating optical coherence tomography (OCT) scans from real p...

  10. The ability of NT-proBNP to detect chronic heart failure and predict all-cause mortality is higher in elderly Chinese coronary artery disease patients with chronic kidney disease

    OpenAIRE

    Fu, Shihui; Yi,Shuangyan; Liu,Yuan; Zhu,Bing; Wang,Liang; Tiehui Xiao,; Bai,Yongyi; Ye,Ping; Luo,Leiming

    2013-01-01

    Shihui Fu, Leiming Luo, Ping Ye, Shuangyan Yi, Yuan Liu, Bing Zhu, Liang Wang, Tiehui Xiao, Yongyi Bai Department of Geriatric Cardiology, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing, People's Republic of China Objective: To analyze the relationship between N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and renal function, and compare the ability and cut-off thresholds of NT-proBNP to detect chronic heart failure (CHF) and predict mortality in elderly Chinese coronary artery disease ...

  11. Templehof Aprt, Berlin, Germany. Revised Uniform Summary of Surface Weather Observations (RUSSWO)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1977-09-16

    OBSERVATIONS 78Ř USAF ETAC luo 64 0.14.5 (OL A) ..NVIOv ID.rO.,s oF INIs 1o1M Aft 0650til it DATA PRUCESStNG~ fRANCH J 4 ElA c CEILING VERSUS VISIBILITY AIR...BERLIN 67-76 )I STATION -. STA1IOMNAME FOOD I00T CUMULATIVE PERCENTAGE FREQUENCY OF OCCURRENCE lei (FROM HOURLY OBSERVATIONS) HOUR$ PERCENTAGE

  12. Human genome meeting 2016

    OpenAIRE

    Srivastava, A. K.; Wang, Y.; Huang, R.; Skinner, C.; Thompson, T.; Pollard, L.; Wood, T.; Luo, F.; Stevenson, R.; Polimanti, R.; Gelernter, J.; Lin, X.; Lim, I. Y.; Wu, Y.; Teh, A. L.

    2016-01-01

    Table of contents O1 The metabolomics approach to autism: identification of biomarkers for early detection of autism spectrum disorder A. K. Srivastava, Y. Wang, R. Huang, C. Skinner, T. Thompson, L. Pollard, T. Wood, F. Luo, R. Stevenson O2 Phenome-wide association study for smoking- and drinking-associated genes in 26,394 American women with African, Asian, European, and Hispanic descents R. Polimanti, J. Gelernter O3 Effects of prenatal environment, genotype and DNA methylation on birth we...

  13. Long-term results of a randomized controlled trial evaluating preoperative chemotherapy in resectable non-small cell lung cancer

    OpenAIRE

    Chen, Zhiwei; Luo, Qingquan; Jian, Hong; Zhou, Zhen; Cheng, Baijun; Lu, Shun; Liao, Meilin

    2013-01-01

    Zhiwei Chen,* Qingquan Luo,* Hong Jian, Zhen Zhou, Baijun Cheng, Shun Lu, Meilin LiaoShanghai Lung Tumor Clinical Medical Center, Shanghai Chest Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China *These authors contributed equallyObjective: We aimed to evaluate whether preoperative chemotherapy provides benefits in the survival and prognosis of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in resectable stages I to IIIA, except T1N0. Methods: In this ra...

  14. Impact of Obesity on Tamoxifen Chemoprevention in a Model of Ductal Carcinoma in Situ

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-01

    Sarah M. Smith. McDonald JM*, Dunlap SM*, Cogdell D, Dunmire V, Wei Q, Starzinski-Powitz A, Sawaya R, Bruner J, Fuller GN, Aldape K, and Zhang W...Sciences 104(28):11736-41, July 2007. Moore LM, Holmes KM, Smith SM, Wu Y, Tchougounova E, Uhrbom L, Sawaya R, Bruner JM, Fuller GN, and Zhang W... Bruner JM Kuang J, Yu H, Fuller GN and Zhang W. Inhibition of gliomagenesis and attenuation of mitotic transition by MIIP. Oncogene 29(24):3501-8, June

  15. Systematics of the east Palaearctic pear psyllids (Hemiptera: Psylloidea) with particular focus on the Japanese and Korean fauna.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cho, Geonho; Burckhardt, Daniel; Inoue, Hiromitsu; Luo, Xinyu; Lee, Seunghwan

    2017-12-04

    The confused taxonomy of the east Palaearctic pear psyllids, serious pests on cultivated pear, is reviewed. Fifty-six nominal species have been reported from Pyrus, 25 of which we consider valid and ten as not being associated with Pyrus. Our taxonomic revision suggests that, in Korea, four Cacopsylla species develop on pear: the univoltine C. burckhardti Luo et al. previously misidentified as C. pyrisuga (Foerster), the polyvoltine, seasonally dimorphic C. jukyungi (Kwon) (winter form 'cinereosignata' Luo et al., summer form 'jukyungi'), commonly found in Korean pear orchards, and C. maculatili Li (winter form 'maculatili', summer form 'qiuzili' Li) previously misidentified as C. pyricola (Foerster) by some authors, as well as the probably polyvoltine but not dimorphic C. sandolbaea (Park & Lee). The former three species (C. burckhardti, C. jukyungi, misidentified as C. chinensis (Yang & Li), and C. maculatili) occur also in Japan. Keys to the adult and fifth instar immatures as well as short biological notes are provided, and C. jukyungi and C. sandolbaea are redescribed. Following nomenclatorial changes are proposed: Cacopsylla betulaefoliae (Yang & Li, 1981) = Psylla heterobetulaefoliae Yang & Li, 1981, syn. nov.; Cacopsylla bidens (Šulc, 1907) = Psylla jiangli Yang & Li, 1981, syn. nov.; Cacopsylla jukyungi (Kwon) = C. cinereosignata Luo et al., syn. nov.; Cacopsylla maculatili Li = C. qiuzili Li, syn. nov.; Cacopsylla nigella (Konovalova), comb. nov. from Psylla. The synonymy of P. obongsana Kwon with C. sandolbaea is confirmed.

  16. Oxidation of laser-induced plasma species in different background conditions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bator, Matthias; Schneider, Christof W.; Lippert, Thomas; Wokaun, Alexander

    2013-08-01

    The evolution of Lu and LuO species in a laser ablation plasma from different targets has been investigated by simultaneously performing mass spectrometry and plasma imaging. Ablation was achieved with a 248 nm KrF laser from a Lu, a Lu2O5 and a LuMnO3 target under different background gas conditions. Mass spectrometry measurements show very similar intensities and ratios for the respective species for all three targets under the same ablation conditions. This indicates only a small influence of the target on the final Lu and LuO contents in the plasma, with the major influence coming from collisions with the background gas. Furthermore, spatially, timely and spectrally resolved plasma imaging was utilized to clearly identify the shockwave at the plasma front as the main region for Lu oxidation. A strong decrease of Lu intensities together with a directly correlated increase of LuO was observed toward the outer regions of the plasma.

  17. The use of satellite data for monitoring temporal and spatial patterns of fire: a comprehensive review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lasaponara, R.

    2009-04-01

    fire regimes from Earth observation data Global Change Biology vo. 14. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2008.01585.x 1-15, Chuvieco E., P. Englefield, Alexander P. Trishchenko, Yi Luo Generation of long time series of burn area maps of the boreal forest from NOAA-AVHRR composite data. Remote Sensing of Environment, Volume 112, Issue 5, 15 May 2008, Pages 2381-2396 Chuvieco Emilio 2006, Remote Sensing of Forest Fires: Current limitations and future prospects in Observing Land from Space: Science, Customers and Technology, Advances in Global Change Research Vol. 4 pp 47-51 De Santis A., E. Chuvieco Burn severity estimation from remotely sensed data: Performance of simulation versus empirical models, Remote Sensing of Environment, Volume 108, Issue 4, 29 June 2007, Pages 422-435. De Santis A., E. Chuvieco, Patrick J. Vaughan, Short-term assessment of burn severity using the inversion of PROSPECT and GeoSail models, Remote Sensing of Environment, Volume 113, Issue 1, 15 January 2009, Pages 126-136 García M., E. Chuvieco, H. Nieto, I. Aguado Combining AVHRR and meteorological data for estimating live fuel moisture content Remote Sensing of Environment, Volume 112, Issue 9, 15 September 2008, Pages 3618-3627 Ichoku C., L. Giglio, M. J. Wooster, L. A. Remer Global characterization of biomass-burning patterns using satellite measurements of fire radiative energy. Remote Sensing of Environment, Volume 112, Issue 6, 16 June 2008, Pages 2950-2962. Lasaponara R. and Lanorte, On the capability of satellite VHR QuickBird data for fuel type characterization in fragmented landscape Ecological Modelling Volume 204, Issues 1-2, 24 May 2007, Pages 79-84 Lasaponara R., A. Lanorte, S. Pignatti,2006 Multiscale fuel type mapping in fragmented ecosystems: preliminary results from Hyperspectral MIVIS and Multispectral Landsat TM data, Int. J. Remote Sens., vol. 27 (3) pp. 587-593. Lasaponara R., V. Cuomo, M. F. Macchiato, and T. Simoniello, 2003 .A self-adaptive algorithm based on AVHRR multitemporal

  18. A Data mining and Meta-Analysis of Geodiversity and Geological Preservation Studies: Pedodiversity, the Other Side of the Coin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ibáñez, Juanjo; Brevik, Eric C.; Cerdà, Artemi

    2017-04-01

    Land degradation processes are complex and diverse (Yan and Cai, 2015; Álvarez-Martínez et al., 2016; Zhang et al., 2016). To understand the processes of degradation there is the need to understand a wide range of factors, including the sociological, biological, hydrological and geological components of the ecosystems (de Araujo et al., 2015; Li et al., 2016; Muñoz Rojas et al., 2016; Rodrigo Comino et al., 2016). Although the most widely accepted definitions of geodiversity include geology, landforms and soils, in practice published studies on the preservation of geodiversity typically ignore the soil resource and pay more attention to other items, while many others do not include soils in such definitions. Soils are a key component of the Earth system as they regulate the hydrological, erosional, biological and geochemical Earth cycles (Keesstra et al., 2012; Brevik et al., 2015), offer resources, goods and services to human societies (Mol and Keesstra, 2012), and are a key issue in the United Nations goals to achieve sustainability (Keesstra et al., 2016). The preservation of pedodiversity is practically ignored by governments. The same can be said in the acceptance of geoparks by UNESCO, when soils are ignored. A few researchers have paid attention to geodiversity (Ibáñez et al., 2016; Stavi et al., 2016). In this study a data mining and metanalysis of this topic has been carried out using four different sources; Google, Google Scholar, Scopus, and the contents of Geoheritage journal. The results obtained show the same trends in all four studied sources. Soil resources are neglected in geodiversity studies as well as in the preservation of geological heritage against the scientific rationality inherent in the definition of geodiversity. Furthermore, pedodiversity studies have been carried out by a small set of interested pedologists following the same conceptual frames and mathematical tools reaching interesting universal patterns and a common language

  19. Journal of Genetics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. Lihua Jiang1 Aiyi Zhu1 Jianse Zhang1 Changwen Wu1. National Engineering Research Center of Marine Facilities Aquaculture, College of Marine Science, Zhejiang Ocean University, Zhoushan 316022, China ...

  20. ater hy ater uota Systems In hina are ot orkin

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    commerce and urban communities compete for ... China's Heihe River Basin by Junlian Zhang, College of Resource and Environment,. China Agricultural ... Adherence to water quotas in five irrigation areas in Zhangye City. Hongshuihe. 4.1.

  1. Genetics Home Reference: IRAK-4 deficiency

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Blanco JC, Salkowski C, Zhang S, Arditi M, Gallin JI, Vogel SN. Distinct mutations in IRAK-4 confer ... Ghonaium A, Day-Good NK, Holland SM, Gallin JI, Chapel H, Speert DP, Rodriguez-Gallego C, Colino ...

  2. Readings from Asia: Yuwai Hanji: The History of Publications and the Interchange of Literature in the Chinese Cultural Sphere

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yongchul Choe

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available English synopsis of: Zhang Bowei 张伯伟, Yuwai Hanji yanjiu lunji 域外汉籍研究论集 [A Collection of Research Essays on Foreign Writings in Chinese]. Beijing: Beijing Daxue Chubanshe, 2011.

  3. Effects of water stress and seed mass on germination and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    enoh

    2012-03-01

    Mar 1, 2012 ... polyvinylpyrrolidone; TCA, trichloroacetic acid; NBT, nitroblue tetrazolium; TBA ..... seeds had weaker resistances to moderate stress (-0.6. MPa) compared with .... Chen YN,Chen YP,Li WH,Zhang HF (2003). Response of ...

  4. DEPOSITION DISTRICUTION AMONG THE PARALLEL PATHWAYS IN THE HUMAN LUNG CONDUCTING AIRWAY STRUCTURE.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DEPOSITION DISTRIBUTION AMONG THE PARALLEL PATHWAYS IN THE HUMAN LUNG CONDUCTING AIRWAY STRUCTURE. Chong S. Kim*, USEPA National Health and Environmental Effects Research Lab. RTP, NC 27711; Z. Zhang and C. Kleinstreuer, Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, North C...

  5. Cloning and characterization of a nitrite reductase gene related to ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    STORAGESEVER

    2010-03-01

    Mar 1, 2010 ... Alexander et al., 2005) and heme-type nitrite reductase gene (Smith and ... owing to a genotype-dependent response (Zhang et al.,. 1991; Sakhanokho et al., ..... Improvement of cell culture conditions for rice. Jpn. Agric. Res.

  6. [The modern TCM education of Tianjin].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xie, J

    2016-11-28

    School education had gradually become the mainstream of medical education at the turn of the Qing Dynasty and Republican period. In Tianjin, there were western medical education, including the Peiyang Medical College, Army Medical College, and Lu's Medical School, whereas, there was no traditional medical school at all. To check this defect, two private TCM medical schools, the Learning School of TCM, and the Tianjin TCM Institution were set up by Chen Zedong and Gu Jinren respectively through persistent endeavor. Meanwhile, correspondence school of TCM were established by Zhang Xichun, Wei Jiaqian, and Ma Leshan. Though more TCM schools were planned, including Tianjin Private School of TCM by Lu Zongren and Qian Boquan, North China Professional TCM School by Zhang Yinqi and other colleagues, TCM Professional School by Zhang Dianju and the Tianjin Private Acu-Moxibustion School by Zhang Lihui, etc. All these did make their contributions to the training of TCM talents in modern times.

  7. Understanding the efficacy of influent waste water on microbial ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    acer

    composition on the species structure and the diversity of bacterial consortia. The community ... 2010; Kim et al., 2011; Ye et al., 2011; Zhang et al.,. 2011a; b), greatly ..... molecular fine scale analysis of natural ammonia-oxidizing populations.

  8. Phylogeography of Indian populations of Panax bipinnatifidus Seem

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ksu

    2011-11-16

    Nov 16, 2011 ... Renner, 2011; Ali et al., 2009; Kocyan et al., 2007; Zhang et al., 2006; Jeffrey, 2005; ... information on population structure and genetic variation of D. palmatus is lacking. ..... Fine scale geographic structure, intra-individual ...

  9. Analysis on the correlation between serum esterase polymorphism ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    张德杨

    2013-02-01

    Feb 1, 2013 ... Junyan Bai*, Xiaoping Jia, Xiaohui Zhang, Yuqin Wang, Shujuan Zhao, Youbing Yang and Li. Hongwei ... genetic structure of livestocks, but also explore the .... bioche-mistry genetics in Xinjiang fine-wool sheep imported into.

  10. Great progress in the domesticated silkworm (Bombyx mori L.)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    akpobome

    2013-03-13

    Mar 13, 2013 ... silk materials. This review also presents the control technology of fine filament size and the regulatory ..... size and fine structure characteristics of the cocoon filament, and the .... Li YN, Shu HG, Men W, Zhang ZF (2009).

  11. Association mapping for partial resistance to Phytophthora sojae in ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2014-08-22

    Aug 22, 2014 ... analysis of population structure (see table 2 in electronic sup- plementary ..... this study could provide a basis for further fine-mapping and genomewide ... Bradbury P. J., Zhang Z., Kroon D. E., Casstevens T. M., Ramdoss.

  12. Correlation effects driven by reduced dimensionality in magnetic ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2015-06-02

    Jun 2, 2015 ... Keywords. Magnetic surface alloys; electronic structure; surface reconstructions; correlation ..... While atomic multiplet effects are not directly visible as fine structure, they ..... [19] W L O' Brien, J Zhang and B P Tonner, J. Phys.

  13. Dredging induced changes in zooplankton community and water ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    user

    water characteristics and zooplankton community structure in Dal Lake. An assessment was done ... et al., 2007; Zhang et al., 2010). In aquatic ecosystems, .... generally high in fine grain sediment (Fisher et al., 1982;. Valiela, 1995). In post ...

  14. Assessing Maize Foliar Water Stress Levels Under Field Conditions ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    spectroscopy with its numerous fine wavelengths and is non-destructive to .... outcomes (Zhang et al., 2012) whereas others previously realized only the .... in the leaf structure also accounts for the visualised difference around the NIR region.

  15. The characterization of cytoplasmic ribosomal protein genes - AJOL

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    USER

    2012-04-17

    weblogo.berkeley.edu/logo.cgi). ... method (Saitou and Nei, 1987) implemented in MEGA 4.0 program ..... (Figure 3), indicating selection for efficient recognition by ..... Akiyoshi DE, Morrison HG, Lei S, Feng X, Zhang Q, Corradi N, ...

  16. A field experiment was conducted to evaluate the growth, yield and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ScOrPiOnE

    2013-07-24

    Jul 24, 2013 ... tication. Cotton constitutes the most important textile plant in the world and is one of the most important crops for the production of oilseed (Zhang et al., 2007). ... components and fiber quality traits performance of cotton.

  17. Comparison of broiler performance, carcass yields and intestinal ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Comparison of broiler performance, carcass yields and intestinal microflora when fed diets containing transgenic (Mon-40-3-2) and conventional soybean meal. Jianzhuang Tan, Shasha Liu, Zhe Sun, Hongfu Zhang, Yongwei wang, Dan Liu ...

  18. Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. Jiangtao Shi1 Cui Zhang1 2. School of Mathematics and Information Science, Yantai University, Yantai 264005, China; University of Primorska, IAM, Muzejski trg 2, 6000 Koper, Slovenia ...

  19. M-supplemented subgroups of finite groups

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. Jia Zhang1 Long Miao1 Juping Tang2. School of Mathematical Sciences, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225002, People's Republic of China; Wuxi Institute of Technology, Wuxi 214121, People's Republic of China ...

  20. STOTEN2016 Tong data

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — CTAG model inputs and outputs. This dataset is associated with the following publication: Tong, Z., R. Baldauf , V. Isakov , P.J. Deshmukh, and M. Zhang. Roadside...

  1. effect of metakaolin on concrete products with a pozzolan

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    epc

    The physical and mechanical properties of Portland Cement containing metakaolin or combination of ... Metakaolin is quite useful in improving concrete ... improving the durability of concrete (Zhang ... metakaolin was obtained from a ceramic.

  2. African Journal of Biotechnology - Vol 11, No 69 (2012)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In silico comparative analysis of EST-SSRs in three cotton genomes · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. Daojun Yuan, Shaoguang Liang, Zhongxu Lin, Xianlong Zhang, 13269-13371 ...

  3. Spatio-temporal variations of b-value in and around north Pakistan

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    around Pakistan improved in the early 1960s, after the establishment of World .... Hazard Assessment Programme (GSHAP; Zhang et al. ..... zoning and development of design spectra for Peshawar ... Pakistan; Graphic Publishers. Kearey P ...

  4. PROPERTIES OF CHITIN REINFORCES COMPOSITES: A REVIEW

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    user

    mechanical and thermal properties of chitin reinforced composites. ..... with crabyon fiber and normal viscose filaments. Also. Zhang et al.,[65] successfully blended chitin/cellulose using two different coagulating systems (immersed in 5.

  5. Hong et al., Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. (2013) 10(4):66-69 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    AJTCAM

    inflammation, annex inflammation, uterine prolapse, and neurasthenia. .... Research progress on pharmacological effects of Bidens bipinnata L. China Pharmacy. ... Clinic. 24 (3): 147-149. 8. Wang, Q., Zhang Y.N., Chen F.H. (2009). Research ...

  6. Multi region based image retrieval system

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    data mining, information theory, statistics and psychology. ∗ .... ground complication and independent of image size and orientation (Zhang 2007). ..... Figure 2. Significant regions: (a) the input image, (b) the primary significant region, (c) the ...

  7. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Beiguang Zhang

    2017-07-27

    Jul 27, 2017 ... via shRNA inhibits cell proliferation in human ovarian cancer. BEIGUANG ZHANG .... wrote the informed consent and this research was approved by. Ethics Committee of Jilin Cancer Hospital, China. Ovarian cancer cell lines, ...

  8. DIFLUORPHOS and SYNPHOS in asymmetric catalysis: Synthetic ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ture did not significantly affect the stereochemical out- come. For this process ..... economy concepts.36 In 2012, Zhang, Ratovelomanana-. Vidal and co-workers ..... broad spectrum cancer therapeutic agents.53 To this end, dynamic kinetic ...

  9. African Journal of Biotechnology - Vol 10, No 42 (2011)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    induced vascular endothelial growth factor expression in luteal cells · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. X Pang, Z Wang, D Yin, Z Zhang, 8227-8235 ...

  10. Seo et al., Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. (2013) 10 (1):113-123

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    AJTCAM

    huo-tang, Jiin-koka-to, Simultaneous determination. Introduction. Many herbal formulae have been used to prevent and treat various diseases. Such herbal medicines have few side effects and exhibit multiple activities (Zhang et al., 2004; Jiang, ...

  11. Collision strengths for transitions in Ni XIX

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    4l configurations of Ni XIX, for which flexible atomic code. (FAC) has been ... atomic data (namely energy levels, radiative rates, collision strengths, excitation rates, etc.) ... Zhang and Sampson, who adopted the Coulomb–Born-exchange.

  12. Bihamiltonian Cohomology of KdV Brackets

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Carlet, G.; Posthuma, H.; Shadrin, S.

    2016-01-01

    Using spectral sequences techniques we compute the bihamiltonian cohomology groups of the pencil of Poisson brackets of dispersionless KdV hierarchy. In particular, this proves a conjecture of Liu and Zhang about the vanishing of such cohomology groups.

  13. Preliminary site characterization at Beishan northwest China-A potential site for China's high-level radioactive waste repository

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wang Ju; Su Rui; Xue Weiming; Zheng Hualing

    2004-01-01

    Chinese nuclear power plants,radioactive waste and radioactive waste disposal are introduced. Beishan region (Gansu province,Northwest China)for high-level radioactive waste repository and preliminary site characterization are also introduced. (Zhang chao)

  14. Evaluation of the cytotoxicity interactions between epirubicin and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SERVER

    2008-03-18

    , Turkey. Accepted ... tant role in the field of cancer chemotherapy (Zhang et ... action mechanism, toxicity and side effects of drug. ... in the treatment of a variety of malignancies. ..... continuous exposure to cisplatin or paclitaxel.

  15. PREPARATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF DIALDEHYDE ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    The results indicated that the higher the concentration of periodates, the higher the percentage of aldehyde .... measurement of intrinsic viscosity (Zhang, et al.,. 2011). ..... solubility using water and some organic solvents. The. Cross-linked ...

  16. Download this PDF file

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Negisho

    security and income generation in Ethiopia, the national ...... (1997) who reported that K balance was strongly negative .... likely to have a good storage quality or shelf life. Tuber N ... expenses required for the survey work. ... Zhang, X.Y. 2012.

  17. Effects of polysaccharide from Lycium barbarum in alloxan-induced ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    PRECIOUS

    2009-12-01

    8613170662021. (Zhi et al., 2004; Gan et al., 2004; Zhang et al., 2004). LBP have been recently studied for their physiological and pharmaceutical activities. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of LBP in alloxan-induced.

  18. Use of co-spray pyrolysis for synthesizing nitrogen-doped TiO2 films

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    the photoelectrochemical solar cell (Guo et al 2011; Zhang et al 2011; Umar et al ... as photocatalytic mechanism, bandgap narrowing, N 1s XPS assignment were ..... This work was supported by the Vietnam National Founda- tion for Science ...

  19. Detection and delineation of coal mine fire in Jharia coal field (JCF ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    71

    Africa, Indonesia, Poland (Zhang et al. 2005; Kuenzer et al. .... is about 8 Km in west direction from Dhanbad Rrailway station. The location of the ...... International conference on Spontaneous coal seam fires: Mitigating a global. 543 disaster at ...

  20. 75 FR 30010 - Improving Market and Planning Efficiency Through Improved Software; Notice of Agenda and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-28

    ..., Thomas[email protected] . Kimberly D. Bose, Secretary. Agenda for AD10-12 Staff Technical Conference on... Gribik and Li Zhang, Midwest ISO Gary Stern, Southern California Edison 9:25 a.m Session G--Variable...