Full Text Available Dans une interview, Zbigniew Herbert confiait : « Mon travail préparatoire à un livre, ce sont avant tout des dessins. Je ne fais pas de photos, cela simplifierait mon contact avec l’objet. » Il n’en fallait pas moins pour donner aux éditions Bosz l’envie d’un projet : réunir ces précieuses esquisses de travail et les confronter aux textes qui en sont nés. Le résultat s’intitule Znaki na papierze (Signes sur papier et appartient aux objets que l’on est fier de posséder dans sa bibliothèque. ...
Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 16. juuni lk. 8. Parim strateegia on liituda eurotsooniga nii ruttu kui võimalik, kuna see ergutab viima lõpule reforme, arvab Poola riigipanga president Leszek Balcerowisz
Full Text Available Profesor Zbigniew Messner urodził się w 1929 r. w Stryju. Po ukończeniu liceum rozpoczął studia w Wyższej Szkole Ekonomicznej (WSE w Katowicach. Będąc studentem studiów pierwszego stop-nia, rozpoczął pracę jako asystent w Katedrze Rachunkowości WSE w Katowicach. Stopień doktora nauk ekonomicznych uzyskał w 1961 r. Na podstawie oceny dorobku naukowego oraz rozprawy habilitacyjnej w 1969 r. Akademia Ekonomiczna w Katowicach nadała dr. Z. Messnerowi stopień naukowy doktora habilitowanego w zakresie nauk ekonomicznych. Tytuł profesora nadzwyczajnego Zbigniew Messner uzyskał w 1972 r., a profesora zwyczajnego – w 1977 r. Treści zawarte w Jego pracy doktorskiej i rozprawie habilitacyjnej wniosły istotny wkład w rozwój rachunku kosztów. Profe-sor Zbigniew Messner jest autorem licznych publikacji naukowych i dydaktycznych z zakresu rachun-ku kosztów, rachunkowości finansowej, wykorzystania informatyki na potrzeby rachunkowości. W istotny sposób przyczynił się On także do kształcenia i rozwoju kadry naukowej. Wkładał wiele wy-siłku w działania mające zapewnić w skali krajowej wysoką pozycję Katedry Rachunkowości Uniwer-sytetu Ekonomicznego w Katowicach, którą kierował do 2008 r. Oprócz kierowania Katedrą, Profesor Z. Messner pełnił również inne funkcje w macierzystej uczelni, w tym najwyższą – funkcję Rektora Akademii Ekonomicznej w Katowicach. Obok działalności naukowej i dydaktycznej aktywnie uczestniczył w działalności uznanych organizacji środowiskowych, w tym Polskiego Towarzystwa Ekono-micznego i Stowarzyszenia Księgowych w Polsce, pełniąc w nich zaszczytne funkcje.
Persson, L.; Shrader-Frechette, K.
In an article ''Radiation Risk and Ethics'' in the September 1999 issue of Physics Today, Professor Zbigniew Jaworowski (a Polish member of UNSCEAR) makes 12 highly controversial and unsubstantiated assertions. In this reply, Lars Persson and Kristin Shrader-Frechette show why they think that the 12 assertions are both ethically and scientifically doubtful, if not false. (orig./CB) [de
Full Text Available A review of the following book: Zbigniew Wozniak, The Elderly in Social Policy. Towards a New Architecture of Gerontological Programmes (Development in Humanities, Volume 4, Lit Verlag, 2013
His Excellency Mr Zbigniew Czech, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Permanent Representative of the Republic of Poland to the United Nations Office and other international organisations in Geneva
Ordan, Julien Marius
Visit of His Excellency Mr Zbigniew Czech, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Permanent Representative of the Republic of Poland to the United Nations Office and other international organisations in Geneva
Prof. dr hab. n. med. Bogdan Ciszek
Full Text Available With a great joy did I receive the publication of anatomical-ultrasonographic interpretation of mus‑ cle structure developed by Dr. Zbigniew Czyrny(1. I encouraged him into writing such a publication many years ago when this concept appeared and was being improved as Dr. Czyrny gained more and more experience in looking at muscles from his new perspective.
Full Text Available The present article analyses the rough drafts of Zbigniew Herbert’s essay on Hendrik Avercamp — the seventeenth century Dutch landscape painter who specialized in winter landscapes and scenes with numerous tiny figures. The author attempts to reconstruct the compositional idea for the essay and establishes facts concerning the research work done by Herbert concerning the life and work of Avercamp, confronts the findings with the present state of research and considers the issue of the biographical dimension of the painter’s artistic output as one of the keys to solving the interpretative problems of his paintings and the artistic tradition that had influenced the shaping of the Avercamp idiom of paintings. Avercamp’s works are juxtaposed in the article with the landscapes painted by Pieter Bruegel the Elder to show the difference between the visions of the world represented by the two painters. Bruegel, in Herbert’s opinion, is bitter in his reflection on the subject of transiency of human existence. Avercamp, conversely, tends to have a cheerful outlook on life, the world and his compatriots. Avercamp’s paintings allow us to get to know winter customs of the Dutch, their winter outdoor games participated by all — hence a thesis posed by the poet underlying the democratic character of skating rinks. In doing so, Herbert proposes to scrutinize carefully Avercamp’s artistic output within the context of, defined after Schiller, the notion of naivety, understood as “the virtue of accepting reality with humility” adopted from the old masters.
Prof. dr hab. n. med. Bogdan Ciszek
Full Text Available With a great joy did I receive the publication of anatomical-ultrasonographic interpretation of mus‑ cle structure developed by Dr. Zbigniew Czyrny(1. I encouraged him into writing such a publication many years ago when this concept appeared and was being improved as Dr. Czyrny gained more and more experience in looking at muscles from his new perspective. The most significant in Dr. Czyrny’s work on muscle structure understanding for me as an anatomist are two phenomena: methodological and cognitive.
Prof. dr hab. n. med. Bogdan Ciszek
With a great joy did I receive the publication of anatomical-ultrasonographic interpretation of mus‑ cle structure developed by Dr. Zbigniew Czyrny(1). I encouraged him into writing such a publication many years ago when this concept appeared and was being improved as Dr. Czyrny gained more and more experience in looking at muscles from his new perspective. The most significant in Dr. Czyrny’s work on muscle structure understanding for me as an anatomist are two p...
Full Text Available The garden presents itself as an area consciously created by the human being. Its representation is usually actualized in opposition both to what is natural and to what is artificial (e.g. to a city. Over many years now, the garden has been been considered to be a “cultural fossil”, and as such, an object of importance for literary critics, film critics, art historians, musicologists etc., and an anthropological phenomenon, which is demonstrated by contemporary juxtapositions of aesthetics with environmental science, pace Gernot Böhme, or the transcultural aesthetics promoted by Wolfgang Welsch. At this stage, we are very close to full understanding of the phenomenon of garden-topos, as well as the numerous garden metaphors. In Zbigniew Rybczyński’s film Orkiestra there are several areas of author’s interest in the garden created and filmed on a theatrical stage. The garden as a space of life-renewal, symbol of birth and metaphysical rebirth, a renewed experience of fulness. The garden as a space of ordered life, positive energy, areas of joy liberation, a synonym of goodness and ideals. Finally, as the symbol of return to creation, beauty, to the first beginning, to civilized and tame nature.
In his text published in Edukacja, 141(2), 2017 („Education reform and inequality: fifteen years of new lower secondary schools in Poland”), Zbigniew Sawiński analyses data from the 2000 to 2012 editions of the OECD PISA study and argues that lower secondary school reform has not reduced educational inequalities in Poland. The importance of students’ social origin remained at the same level as before the reform, the impact of social origin on the choice of type of secondary school remained th...
Full Text Available A particularly interesting example of illuminated document is the indulgence granted to all who would visit the parish church of All Saints in Cracow on the major feasts of the liturgical year, issued by the Cracow Bishop, Cardinal Zbigniew Oleśnicki (1423–1450 in 1449. A piece of parchment is decorated with the miniature composed of two juxtaposed fields, of which the upper one shows Christ with St Peter on His right, surrounded by the community of saints; the bottom field depicts the Pope seated between St Jerome and Cardinal Oleśnicki. This hierarch had been raised to the purple no fewer than three times. For the first time, Pope Eugene IV granted him this dignity with the accompanying title of St Prisca, but Oleśnicki did not accept it. Then Antipope Felix V, elected by the Council of Basle, elevated Oleśnicki to the cardinalate (with the title of St Anastasia, but the Cracow prelate likely did not accept the cardinal’s hat again and did not use the title, abiding by the orders of King Ladislaus the Jagiellon who was reluctant towards the Council. It was only in 1447 that Oleśnicki had relinquished the camp of the Council’s supporters, regarded by Rome as schismatics, and endorsed the rightful pope, Nicholas V. Oleśnicki received the cardinal’s hat sent from Rome in Cracow Cathedral, on 1 October 1449. The portrait composition on the Cracow miniature is complex and combining a few iconographic solutions popular in the late Middle Ages. Of particular significance seem to be the representation of the pope enthroned, the Traditio legis and Traditio clavium, as well as the juxtaposition of ecclesiastical hierarchy with the heavenly one. The Cracow miniature fitted perfectly in the then current problems of Church discussed anew in the mid-fifteenth century. Commissioned shortly after Oleśnicki had pledged obedience to Nicholas V and had received his cardinal’s hat, it is a public declaration by the former conciliarist of his new
Full Text Available In his text published in Edukacja, 141(2, 2017 („Education reform and inequality: fifteen years of new lower secondary schools in Poland”, Zbigniew Sawiński analyses data from the 2000 to 2012 editions of the OECD PISA study and argues that lower secondary school reform has not reduced educational inequalities in Poland. The importance of students’ social origin remained at the same level as before the reform, the impact of social origin on the choice of type of secondary school remained the same, and an increasing differentiation of lower secondary schools did not lead to an increase in educational inequalities. I present methodological arguments and the results of a re-analysis of PISA data, indicating changes in wider educational inequalities. Between 2000 and 2012: (a the strength of association in the performance of 15-year-olds with the socio-economic status of students’ families did not change, but (b the variation of results decreased, which was mainly due to the improved performance of the lowest performing students, (c the differences between students of high and low socio-economic status decreased, (d the influence of social origin on the choice of the type of upper secondary school decreased. The effects of socio-economic status on upper secondary school choice is largely direct: it is not mediated by the educational achievements of students. The commentary also highlights the complexity of lower secondary school reform, which was not limited to the introduction of such schools. I indicate the role of factors that make it difficult to interpret the results of the reform in causal terms – particularly the role of unobserved variables related to the changes in the learning environments of subsequent cohorts of students.
Full Text Available After the presentation and the biographical outline, a few core aspects of Kolakowski’s work are taken into consideration: the criticism of Marxism, the interest in religion and the metaphysical questioning. His connoisseurship of classical sources and of the leading trends in present-day philosophy, together with his follow-up of the controversies of our time, account for Kolakowski’s philosophical cosmopolitanism, notwithstanding the independence of his thinking, nourished by tensions whose upholding —rather than the unilateral positioning by one stance or the other— is of the essence. Even when a social order and a system of thought cannot be called upon to solve our questions, the thinking that takes them into account, instead of endeavouring in waiving them, has the advantage of showing us why, even if we cannot unravel them painstakingly, it is important for us to keep posing them.
Tras la presentación y un esbozo biográfico, se consideran algunos ejes de la obra de Kolakowski: la crítica del marxismo, el interés por la religión y el cuestionamiento metafísico. El profundo conocimiento de los clásicos y de las principales tendencias de la filosofía contemporánea, así como el seguimiento de los debates nuestro tiempo, hacen de Kolakowski un pensador cosmopolita, a pesar de la independencia de su pensamiento, nutrido de tensiones que es preciso saber mantener en vez de decantarse unilateralmente por uno de los polos de las mismas. Aunque no podamos esperar un orden social y un sistema filosófico que logren resolver nuestros interrogantes, el pensamiento que los considera, en vez de procurar cancelarlos, tiene la ventaja de mostrarnos por qué, pese a que no podamos resolverlos de manera cabal, es importante que nos los sigamos planteando.
USA välispoliitikast pärast 2001. aasta 11. septembri terroriakti. Poliitilise aktivismi ajaloost ning globaalse poliitilise ärkamise hoogustumisest tänapäeval. Autor leiab, et rahvusvahelisi probleeme aitaks lahendada riikideülene koostöö USA eestvedamisel, mis eeldaks USA globaalse rolli ümbermääratlemist. Globaalse julgeolekualase tippkohtumise nn G-14 kavandamise vajalikkusest
Autor avaldab arvamust, et demokraatia ohustab rahvust ja rahvus ohustab demokraatiat. Tuleb analüüsida rahvuslikke kirgi ning vajaduse korral peavad demokraatlikud institutsioonid neid kirgi vaos hoidma
USA poliitiku sõnul meenutab Putini juhitav Venemaa Hitleri ja Stalini oma, lääne tegevus Venemaa ohjeldamiseks peaks tema hinnangul sõltuma riikide pikaajalistest huvidest, kuid Venemaa tuleks peatada igal juhul. Lisa: Elulugu
Trinity, André, pseud., 1974-
Rets. rmt.: Kolakowski, Leszek. Horror metaphysicus. Tallinn, 2000 ; Kolakowski, Leszek. Religioon : Kui Jumalat ei ole olemas...Jumalast, kuradist, patust ja nn religioonifilosoofia teistest muredest. Tallinn, 2004
Gallard, Raúl Hector
El Profesor Michalewicz ofrece, en su libro, una motivante introducción al tema abarcando cada uno de los enfoques evolutivos aunque con preferencia hacia los algoritmos genéticos y sus extensiones: los programas evolutivos.
Ar_Zareiee@yahoo.com. Abstract. Evapotranspiration is one of the major components of the hydrologic cycle is highly important in studies ... such as hydrological and ecosystem models, ..... River Basins, Evapotranspiration, Leszek. Labedzki ...
Uurimustest Poola igapäevaelu kohta Nõukogude perioodil : Wedel, Janine. The private Poland : an anthropologist look at everyday life ; Dziğiel, Leszek. Paradise in a concrete cage : daily life in communist Poland. Krak̤w, 1998
Mägi, Riina, 1957-
Poola Vabariigi saatkonnas esitleti kahte Hendrik Lillepuu tõlkeraamatut: Herbert, Zbigniew. Valitud luuletused. - Jõgevamaa : H. Lindepuu, 2008 ja Szymborska, Wislawa. Oma aja lapsed. - Laiuse : H. Lindepuu, 2008
The abstruse meets the applicable: Some aspects of time-frequency analysis. 121. Foroutannia D see Lashkaripour R. 325. Gasinski Leszek. Multiplicity of nontrivial solutions for elliptic equations with nonsmooth poten- tial and resonance at higher eigenvalues. 233. Goswami Debashish. Invariants for normal completely ...
Meeldejäävaimaid "teatripärleid" Rakvere teatrifestivalilt "Baltoscandal 2000" : Oskaras Korshunovas Theatre, Marius von Mayenburgi "Tule nägu" ("The Face of Fire"), lavastaja O. Korshunovas, Pit Uttoni ühemehetükk "Adolf", Sasha Pepeljajevi trupi "One Second Hand" ja poola "Moisture", lavastaja Madzik Leszek
Kaalep, Tõnu, 1966-2018
Meeldejäävaimaid "teatripärleid" Rakvere teatrifestivalilt "Baltoscandal 2000" : ameeriklasest filosoof, loodussõber ja klarnetist David Rothenberg ja "Tunnetusüksus", itaallaste "Scanning Bachae", Tsheljabinski "New Arts Ensemble", poola Leszek Madzik ja tema liikuvate dekoratsioonidega tuba
Taagepera, Rein, 1933-
1965. aastal H. Raagi, H. Susi ja R. Taagepera poolt koostatud ja levitatud satelliitsusmemorandumist, mille idee oli kehtestada Balti riikides rahvademokraatia ja riikidele spetsiaalne satelliitrežiim; Zbigniew Brzezinski rollist memorandumi vahendajana; memorandumi mõju nende autorite eludele
Väljataga, Märt, 1965-
Arvustus: Rozewicz, Tadeusz. Alati fragment / tlk. Hendrik Lindepuu. Laiuse : H. Lindepuu, 2007 ; Herbert, Zbigniew. Valitud luuletused / tlk. Hendrik Lindepuu. Laiuse : H. Lindepuu, 2008 ; Szymborska, Wislawa. Oma aja lapsed / tlk. Hendrik Lindepuu. Laiuse : H. Lindepuu, 2008
Alatalu, Toomas, 1942-
USA politoloogi ja julgeolekueksperdi Zbigniew Brzezinski artiklist "Lootusest julguseni" ajakirjas Foreign Affairs, milles autor lahkab president Barack Obama välispoliitikat. USA Lähis-Ida poliitikast ja USA- Iisraeli suhetest
Water and energy saving bioprocess for bioethanol production from corn grain applying stillage liquid part recirculation · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. Małgorzata Lasik, Małgorzata Gumienna, Katarzyna Szambelan, Zbigniew Czarnecki.
police attempted to break up the gathering, the crowd became enraged and proceeded to destroy a number of banks, cinemas , and hotels (Brown:296...According to Carter’s National Security Advisor, Zbigniew Brzezinski, the Peruvian government released over 300 prisoners in April 1977; "disappearances
Mutt, Mihkel, 1953-
Rets. rmt.: Brzezinski, Zbigniew. Suur malelaud. Tallinn, 2003 ; Sergejev, Vladimir ; Vseviov, David. Venemaa - lähedane ja kauge. Tallinn, 2002 ; Figes, Orlando. Natasha tants. Venemaa kultuurilugu. Tallinn, 2003 ; Lotman, Juri. Vestlusi vene kultuurist. Vene aadli argielu ja traditsioonid 18. sajandil ja 19. sajandi algul. 1. köide. Tallinn, 2003
President Jimmy Carteri aegne riikliku julgeolekunõukogu juht Zbigniew Brzezinski on seisukohal, et sõda Iraagis on ajalooline, strateegiline ja moraalne õnnetus. Ta esitas ka mõeldava stsenaarium, kuidas võidakse jõuda sõjani Iraaniga
... exemption for a renewable two-year period. They are: Paul G. Albrecht Elijah A. Allen, Jr. David W. Brown.... Kildow Daniel A. McNabb David G. Meyers Thomas L. Oglesby Michael J. Paul Russell A. Payne Rodney M. Pegg Raymond E. Peterson Zbigniew P. Pietranik John C. Rodriguez Terrance L. Trautman Charles E. Wood Joseph F...
... of the 21 renewal applications, FMCSA renews the Federal vision exemptions for Paul G. Albrecht..., Michael J. Paul, Russell A. Payne, Rodney M. Pegg, Raymond E. Peterson, Zbigniew P. Pietranik, John C. Rodriguez, Terrance L. Trautman, Charles E. Wood, and Joseph F. Wood. In accordance with 49 U.S.C. 31136(e...
Taagepera, Rein, 1933-
1965. aastal H. Raagi, H. Susi ja R. Taagepera poolt koostatud ja levitatud satelliitsusmemorandumist, milles toodi välja idee kehtestada Balti riikides rahvademokraatia; Zbigniew Brzezinski rollist memorandumi vahendajana ning selle avaldamisele järgnenud vastukajadest ja tegevustest kuni aastani 1973
Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science. AGNIESZKA SOBCZAK-KUPIEC. Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 36 Issue 4 August 2013 pp 755-764. Effect of calcination conditions of pork bone sludge on behaviour of hydroxyapatite in simulated body fluid · Agnieszka Sobczak-Kupiec Zbigniew ...
Väljataga, Märt, 1965-
Rets. rmt. : Różewicz, Tadeusz. Alati fragment / poola keelest tõlkinud Hendrik Lindepuu. Laiuse : Hendrik Lindepuu Kirjastus, 2007; Herbert, Zbigniew. Valitud luuletused / poola keelest tõlkinud Hendrik Lindepuu. Laiuse : H. Lindepuu, 2008; Szymborska, Wislawa. Oma aja lapsed / poola keelest tõlkinud Hendrik Lindepuu. Laiuse : H. Lindepuu, 2008
Islam, Mohammad; Xie, Yujun; Scafetta, Mark; May, Steven; Spanier, Jonathan
Raman scattering in thin film La0.2Sr0.8FeO3-δ on MgO(001) collected at 300 K following different stages of annealing at selected temperatures (300 K topotactic transformation of the crystal structure from that of the rhombohedral ABO3 perovskites to that of Brownmillerite-like structure consisting of octahedrally and tetrahedrally coordinated Fe atoms. We acknowledge the ONR (N00014-11-1-0664), the Drexel Centralized Research Facilities, the Army Research Office DURIP program, the Department of Education (GAANN-RETAIN, Award No. P200A100117), and Leszek Wielunski at Rutgers University.
Full Text Available The article is an attempt to pinpoint the areas of Ludwig Wittgenstein aesthetic thought, in which he is crossing the borders principally imposed upon the method and the language of his philosophy. I am directing my attention to metaphysical and mystical motifs of his reflection devoted to aesthetics, the essence of art and the essence of reality. I wish to discuss this issue based on the texts of Arthur C. Danto containing analysis of chosen notions of Wittgenstein’s aesthetic investigations. Additionally in this matter I am appealing to appropriate theses of Leszek Sosnowski and Wojciech Sady, concerning above issues.
Full Text Available Joanna Lipińska,1 Leszek Kutwin,1 Marcin Wawrzycki,1 Leszek Olbrzymek,2 Sławomir Jabłoński1 1Department of Thoracic Surgery, General and Oncological Surgery, Medical University of Lodz, 2Ledo, Lodz, Poland Introduction: Resection of manubrium or body of the sternum is associated with a necessity of chest wall reconstruction. Large sternal defects require the use of different types of implants to ensure acceptable esthetic effect for the patient and chest stabilization. Aim: The purpose of this case report is to present a novel method of reconstruction of manubrium removed due to renal cancer metastasis to the sternum.Case: We present the case of a patient, who had underwent right nephrectomy for clear cell kidney cancer, diagnosed with a metastatic tumor in the sternum resulting in destruction of manubrium. The patient undergone tumor resection with primary reconstruction with an individual prosthesis. Sternal defect was filled with a personalized, computed tomography scan-based 3D-milled implant made of polyethylene.Results: Sternal reconstruction was uneventful. The patient endured surgery well, and has been under surveillance in outpatient clinic, without any respiration disorders, implant movement or local recurrence.Conclusion: Custom-designed sternal implants created by 3D technique constitute an interesting alternative for previous methods of filling defects after resection of a tumor in this location. Keywords: 3D-milled implant, thoracoplasty, reconstructive surgery, chest reconstruction, sternal metastasis, sternal implant, sternal tumor
USA presidendi G. W. Bushi ja tema administratsiooni välispoliitika, eriti ebaõnnestunud Iraagi invasioon, on halvendanud Ameerika positsiooni maailmas ja muutnud riigi pigem haavatavamaks kui turvalisemaks. Arvamusartikkel kolmest raamatust: Chalmers Johnson. Nemesis : The Last Days of the American Republic. Metropolitan Books, 2007; Zbigniew Brzezinski. Second chance : Three Presidents and the Crisis of American Superpower. Basic Books, 2007; Dennis Ross. Statecraft and How to Restore America's Standing in the World. Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2007
Jarosz, Konrad; Kubisa, Bartosz; Andrzejewska, Agata; Mr?wczy?ska, Katarzyna; Hamerlak, Zbigniew; Bartkowska-?niatkowska, Alicja
Konrad Jarosz,1 Bartosz Kubisa,2 Agata Andrzejewska,3 Katarzyna MrówczyÅska,3 Zbigniew Hamerlak,4 Alicja Bartkowska-Åniatkowska5 1Department of Clinical Nursing, Pomeranian Medical University, 2Thoracic Surgery and Transplantation Department, Pomeranian Medical University, 3Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Department, Pomeranian Medical University, 4Stomatology Department, Pomeranian Medical University, 5Anaesthesiology and Pediatric Intensive Care Department, Poznan Universit...
political socialization include family, school, church, peer groups, social class, ethnic group, the work life situation and the 57 mass media." Zbigniew...the Soviet Union will be considered, and then the selection and social- ization process of the Communist Party and its leadership. " Political ... socialization is the gradual learning of the norms, attitudes and behavior accepted and practiced by the ongoing political system. ř 6 "The agents of
Besides other factors, the tensions and the repositioning on the global arena (“the Great Chessboard” as the American analyst Zbigniew Brzezinski called it) have a significant contribution for the start and development of the global economic crisis. This paper proves how the battle for the strategic energetic resources, mainly oil and natural gas, have deepened the global disequilibrium in what regards credit, commodity pricing and North-South divide. The analysis takes into consideration a f...
Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-
Järg 9. aug. 2007, lk. 12; 16. aug. 2007, lk. 12; 23. aug. 2007, lk. 12. President Toomas Hendrik Ilvese sõnavõtt mõttekoja Center for Strategic & International Studies (CSIS) korraldatud foorumil Washingtonis 27. juunil 2007. Eesti riigipea kõneles "uue Euroopa" definitsioonist ning vastas küsimustele energia- ja küberjulgeoleku teemadel. Presidendi sõnavõtu juhatas sisse CSIS nõunik Zbigniew Brzezinski
Batoréo, Hanna Krystyna Jakubowicz; Swiatkiewicz , Teresa Fernandes
UID/LIN/03213/2013 The present study focuses on topicalization structures in translations from Polish into Portuguese based on a corpus of data collected from the Portuguese translation by Zbigniew Wódkowski of the Polish novel Tommaso del Cavaliere by Julian Stryjkowski. Both Polish and Portuguese are pro-drop languages and its basic sen- tence order is SVO, but because of its rich morphology Polish (like Slavic lan- guages in general) has very flexible word order, which causes syntactic ...
Full Text Available The market share and the development of intermodal haulages, they are still at a very low level. It amounts in total goods transported by rail to 2,5% - 3%. The major reason for this situation is lack of coherent method for intermodal network designing. Such method should take into consideration strong relations between transport users, transport service providers, so the micro scale, as well as the regions where they are operating, so the meta scale.The aim of this paper is to present method which makes possible elimination of existing barriers in intermodal transport. The proposed method, for the sake of relations between actors involved in intermodal transport organisation, refers to multi-agent system concept. This system assumes coordinated actions in favour of concrete problem solution with support of cooperating agents, that is, in described paper, actors connected with intermodal transport.Paper presents results of the research project N509 398536, called: „Intermodal logistics network in Poland – concept of model solutions and implementation aspects” carried out by the Institute of Logistics and Warehousing under scientific leadership of professor Leszek Mindur.
Full Text Available Changes in the functioning of the family constitute the important social issue in our times, particularly because upturns of negative phenomena are distinct, such as divorces, long-term departures, the breaking of family bonds. Relating them additionally to civilization and cultural changes it is possible to conclude that they are contributing also to the socialisation shift as described by Neil Postman, or Zbigniew Kwieciński, Zbyszko Melosik, Bogusław Śliwerski. The dysfunctional familyand its wrong/incomplete structure is an indication of educational destructiveness. Therefore these circles are more and more often characteristic as failing and not satisfying essential needs of the socialised generations. The present text constitutes an attempt of a theoretical description of changes in the functioning of the family in the context of the socialization changes taking place.
Full Text Available The authors present and analyze demographic and economic resources of Russia and also its geopolitical options, favored by the control of these resources. Geopolithically, nowadays Russia has great difficulties when it comes to demography, because of the decrease of birth rate, to the poor demographic density, low life expectancy and its population’s precarious general health state. All the same, nowadays Russia is the richest country in the world. Based on these considerations, the authors consider that Rusia could become a true super-power (according to Zbigniew Brzezinski’s considerations only if it will solve its demographical problems and will build a Western-style army and economy, based on its huge economic resources.
da Vinha Luis
Full Text Available The Carter Administration came to Office seeking to continue a policy of détente. However, the Administration’s policy vis-à-vis the Soviets became more assertive throughout the Presidency, culminating in the Carter Doctrine. The current paper applies a conceptual framework for “issue selling” to argue that a more assertive foreign policy was being promoted by the Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs and his NSC staff since the early days of the Carter Presidency. By applying an assortment of issue selling strategies, Zbigniew Brzezinski and the NSC staff were able to exploit the communicative interactions amongst the political leadership to continuously promote a more forceful US policy towards the Soviets. By being able to interpret and define the problem representation facing the Administration, the APNSA was able initiate and continuously promote a wholesale policy transformation leading to the development of the Carter Doctrine.
Full Text Available This paper deals with the Czechoslovak communist regime in the period 1985 – 1989. The author analyses character of the communist regime, the special features of the liberation and the fall of this regime. He applies theories of Carl J. Friedrich, Zbigniew Brzezinski, Juan J. Linz, Alfred Stepan, Gordon Skilling, Wolfgang Merkel, Herbert Kitschelt, Adam Przeworski and others. In author’s opinion the Czechoslovak communist regime was a ”melting” post-totalitarianism. It is a special category of post-totalitarian regimes that gives together natures of Linz´s and Stepan´s ”frozen” and ”mature” post-totalitarianism and Skilling´s ”consultative” and ”quasi-pluralistic” post-totalitarianism. The specific character of the Czechoslovak communist regime resulted in the ”negotiated collapse”.
Full Text Available Andrzej Szopa,1 Małgorzata Domagalska-Szopa,2 Anetta Lasek-Bal,3 Amadeusz Żak3 1Department of Physiotherapy, 2Department of Medical Rehabilitation, School of Health Sciences in Katowice, 3Department of Neurology, Professor Leszek Giec Upper Silesian Medical Centre, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland Introduction: While the asymmetry of body posture and the asymmetrical nature of hemiparetic gait in poststroke (PS patients are well documented, the role of weight shift asymmetry in gait disorders after stroke remains unclear. Objective: We examined the association of weight-bearing asymmetry (WBA between paretic and nonparetic lower limbs during quiet standing with the degree of deviation of hemiplegic gait from normal gait evaluated by the Gillette Gait Index (GGI incorporating 16 distinct clinically important kinematic and temporal parameters in chronic PS patients.Participants and methods: Twenty-two ambulatory patients with chronic stroke aged between 50 and 75 years were included in this study. Fourteen patients had hemiparesis on the nondominant side and 8 on the dominant side. The mean time PS was 2 years and 6 months. The reference group consisted of 22 students from the University of the Third Age presenting no neurological disorders. The examination consisted of posturographic weight-bearing (WB distribution and 3-dimensional gait analyses.Results: A significant positive relationship between WBA and GGI was revealed. Moreover, we observed a significant negative association between WBA and paretic step length and walking speed. With regard to kinematic data, the range of motion of knee flexion and peak dorsiflexion in the swing phase of the paretic leg were significantly negatively associated with WBA.Conclusion: Although further research is needed to determine a causal link between postural control asymmetry and gait disturbance in hemiplegics, our findings support the inclusion of WB measurements between paretic and
Full Text Available Mayank Chaturvedi,1 Yves Molino,2 Bojja Sreedhar,3 Michel Khrestchatisky,4 Leszek Kaczmarek1 1Laboratory of Neurobiology, Nencki Institute, Warsaw, Poland; 2Vect-Horus, Marseille, France; 3Indian Institute of Chemical Technology, Hyderabad, India; 4Aix-Marseille Université, CNRS, NICN, UMR7259, Marseille, France Aim: The aim of this study was to develop poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA nanoparticles (NPs for delivery of a protein – tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinases 1 (TIMP-1 – across the blood–brain barrier (BBB to inhibit deleterious matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs. Materials and methods: The NPs were formulated by multiple-emulsion solvent-evaporation, and for enhancing BBB penetration, they were coated with polysorbate 80 (Ps80. We compared Ps80-coated and uncoated NPs for their toxicity, binding, and BBB penetration on primary rat brain capillary endothelial cell cultures and the rat brain endothelial 4 cell line. These studies were followed by in vivo studies for brain delivery of these NPs. Results: Results showed that neither Ps80-coated nor uncoated NPs caused significant opening of the BBB, and essentially they were nontoxic. NPs without Ps80 coating had more binding to endothelial cells compared to Ps80-coated NPs. Penetration studies showed that TIMP-1 NPs + Ps80 had 11.21%±1.35% penetration, whereas TIMP-1 alone and TIMP-1 NPs without Ps80 coating did not cross the endothelial monolayer. In vivo studies indicated BBB penetration of intravenously injected TIMP-1 NPs + Ps80. Conclusion: The study demonstrated that Ps80 coating of NPs does not cause significant toxic effects to endothelial cells and that it can be used to enhance the delivery of protein across endothelial cell barriers, both in vitro and in vivo. Keywords: PLGA nanoparticles, drug delivery, protein delivery, sustained release, brain delivery, BBB penetration, RBCEC culture
Moskwa, Bozena; Siński, Edward; Kazubski, Stanisław L
The conference was organized for celebrating the memory of professor Konstanty Janicki, one of the most important Polish zoologist, protistologist and parasitologist. Professors Joanna Pijanowska, Edward Siński and Maria Doligalska were the hosts of the meeting at the Warsaw University. Four lectures were given during the conference. Professor Leszek Kuźnicki presented professor Janicki's life and followers who continued his research. Professor Stanisław Kazubski reminded the main topics of the parasitological studies conducted by professor Janicki. That lecture was illustrated by coloured diagrams taken from original papers published by Janicki. In the next lecture, professor Teresa Pojmańska reminded "the theory of the cercomer". She viewed some polemics and discussions made by the opponents of the theory. Professor Alicja Guttowa presented a paper on the history of the exploration of the D. latum life cycle and the main scientific researches carried out on each life stages of the broad tapeworm. Afterwards the lectures, professor Kazubski showed several pictures taken inside and outside of the Main School of the Warsaw University at the time when professor Janicki had been working there. The professor's students were also seen in these pictures. Next, associate professor Bozena Moskwa, the President of the Polish Parasitological Society presented the Konstanty Janicki Medal, awarded for outstanding activities for the benefit of parasitology. Up to data, 17 scientists and one school: the Warsaw Uniwersity was honored with this Medal. After the conference, participants visited the Powazki Cementary, where the renovated sepulchral monument of professor Konstanty Janicki was uncovered.
Itai Nartzizenfield Sneh
Full Text Available El Presidente Jimmy Carter no consiguió traducir sus palabras e ideales referentes a derechos humanos a hechos y prácticas en la política exterior de E.E.U.U. Carter, ya en el primer período de su administración en 1976-77, tenía una perspectiva demasiado conservadora y tradicional con respecto a las relaciones internacionales. Sus ideas eran correctas, sin embargo seguió enfocando su política en la guerra fría más que en una puesta en práctica constante de un nuevo paradigma para los derechos humanos, especialmente con respecto a los aliados americanos en los territorios subdesarrollados. Carter no reformó suficientemente la práctica de la política exterior de los E.E.U.U. Él no creyó bastantes en la lucha por los derechos humanos así que fue imposible una modifica significativa de las prioridades tradicionales. Carter confió en las políticas, las conductas, las personalidades y estructuras administrativas vigentes. La intención de Carter de cambiar la política americana así como los principios y la comisión, fue minada seriamente por el Consejo de Seguridad Nacional (especialmente Zbigniew Brzezinksi mucho antes de los bien conocidos cambios de SALT II, de los tratados del Canal de Panamá, y del Oriente Medio.__________ABSTRACT:President Jimmy Carter failed to translate his words and ideals concerning human rights into deeds and practices in US foreign policy. Carter, already in the formative period of his administration in 1976-7, was too conservative and traditional in his outlook on international relations. While his heart was at the right place, the Cold War was still his focus rather than a consistent implementation of a new human rights paradigm, especially with respect to American allies in the Developing World. Carter did not sufficiently reform the practice of US foreign policy. He did not believe enough in advocating human rights so a meaningful recast of traditional priorities was difficult. Carter relied on
Lisik, Zbigniew; Raj, Ewa
MicroTherm is an International Conference on Microtechnology and Thermal Problems in Electronics organised as a cyclic event since 1996. The success of the first seminar, which was devoted mainly to thermal management aspects, and the successive conferences have led us to the tenth edition. Since the first meeting, the scope of the conference has expanded, following the progress of electronics. Now, it covers subjects connected with extreme temperature, electronics, sensors and measurement techniques, modelling, simulation, wide band-gap materials, packaging and reliability, renewable energy sources and photonics with special emphasis on microelectronic technologies. MicroTherm' 2013 was held in Lodz, Poland, on 25-28 June 2013. The programme consistied of invited talks and nine regular sessions in the form of planar discussions and poster presentations, including a Students' Session. The Students' session gave an opportunity for students and young researchers to present their first achievements in the field of science. The next MicroTherm Conference is going to be held on 22-25 June 2015, in Lodz — a beautiful, post-industrial city located in the centre of Poland. Please, feel invited to MicroTherm' 2015 (www.microtherm.dsod.pl). Ewa Raj and Zbigniew Lisik Editors
Full Text Available Konrad Jarosz,1 Bartosz Kubisa,2 Agata Andrzejewska,3 Katarzyna Mrówczyńska,3 Zbigniew Hamerlak,4 Alicja Bartkowska-Śniatkowska5 1Department of Clinical Nursing, Pomeranian Medical University, 2Thoracic Surgery and Transplantation Department, Pomeranian Medical University, 3Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Department, Pomeranian Medical University, 4Stomatology Department, Pomeranian Medical University, 5Anaesthesiology and Pediatric Intensive Care Department, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Szczecin, Poland Abstract: Tracheostomy is a routinely done procedure in the setting of intensive care unit (ICU in patients requiring prolonged mechanical ventilation. There are two ways of making a tracheostomy: an open surgical tracheostomy and percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy. Percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy is associated with fewer complications than open tracheostomy. In this study, we would like to compare both techniques of performing a tracheostomy in ICU patients and to present possible complications, methods of diagnosing and treating and minimizing their risk. Keywords: tracheostomy, percutaneous tracheostomy, percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy, bronchoscopy, surgical tracheostomy, tracheoesophageal fistula, tracheostomy complications
Université de Genève
Section de physique - Département de physique nucléaire et corspusculaire 24, Quai Ernest-Ansermet - 1211 GENEVE 4 Tél : (022) 379 62 73 Fax: (022) 379 69 92 Mercredi 26 janvier SEMINAIRE DE PHYSIQUE CORPUSCULAIRE à 17h00 / Auditoire Stückelberg Tau leptons as window for new physics at accelerator experiments Prof. Zbigniew Was / Institute of Nuclear Physics, Cracow Poland Because of its mass and relative clean experimental signature, the tau lepton is expected to play an important role in the phenomenology of future experiments. We will present the use of observables using taus for the following applications. Higgs boson parity measurement at ILC, signatures for Higgs discovery scenarios at LHC and for the measurement of CP properties of scalar B0 decay to tau tau (if discovered) at Belle/BaBar. This wide spectrum of experimental applications will be complemented with a presentation of the essential theoretical and technical aspects of these ...
Full Text Available During the last two decades the works of teachers from the Painting Department of the Academy of Fine Arts in Krakow: Grzegorz Bednarski, Katarzyna Makieła-Organisty, Janusz Matuszewski, Mirosław Sikorski, Edyta Sobieraj, Zbigniew Sprycha or Wojciech Szybist reveal traces of inspiration by the Spanish Golden Age. In this respect, paintings by Krakow artists stand out against other works of contemporary art both in Poland and globally. Their art should be discussed in the context of early modern meditatio mortis and tenebristic „baroqueism”, to which the artists themselves readily admit. The point of departure (frequently referred to as homage are mystic visions, portraits by El Greco, Francisco de Zurbarán’s bodegóns or eschatological „death hieroglyphics” by Juan de Valdés Léal. References to works by the Iberian masters are accompanied by links to Carmelite writings or Jesuit mystics. Formal and ideological analysis also allows us to ask a question of the possibility of presenting the „mystic theology” described by St. Theresa of the Infant Jesus, St. John of the Cross or St. Ignatius of Loyola in contemporary religious paintings.
Full Text Available The article is a review of Krystyna Pietrych’s book Co poezji po bolu.Empatyczne przestrzenie lektury (Łodż 2009 [What good pain and sufferingbring in poetry. Emphatic dimensions of reading]. Since the reviewedbook presents a bold and, to a large extent, novel approach topersonalistic reading — based on a subjective, compassionate experienceof an encounter with uncognizable and unreductible otherness oftormented man-poet, the reviewer focuses on the issues viewed as themost important for the method of emphatic reading adopted by the author.E. Winiecka analyses aesthetical and epistemological, as well asaxiological possibilities and risks that emphatic criticism opens up forreexamination. Formulates her own opinion on the analytical methodused by K. Pietrych in examining poetry, which is a recording of one’smind in agony and suffering experienced by seven authors: AleksanderWat, Zbigniew Herbert, Miron Białszewski, Stanisłw Barańzak, JanuszSzuber, as well as Julian Przybośand Anna Swirszczyńka. Outlinesthe methodological perspectives of the discussed work that tracesthe stages in the formation of literary depiction and representation ofsuffering. The text is also an attempt at defining and indicating the cognitiveperspectives of emphatic criticism.
Full Text Available In the last decades of his life Seamus Heaney enjoyed phenomenal worldwide success, outselling, or so it was widely held, all other poets writing in English combined, a fact attesting to the existence of an international component in his work. A close study of the entire body of his poetry, as well as a study of the concurrent poetic interests he himself professed and which other critics have identified, reveals a subtle and gradual shift toward what may be referred to as the “international style”. The reader encounters such a style, prominently manifest, in the work of some of Heaney’s poetic influences, especially Eastern European poets like Czeslaw Milosz and Zbigniew Herbert. This article argues, however, that Heaney’s stylistic shift was too slight to account for the enormity of his international success and asserts instead that his far-ranging appeal is a matter of tone: Heaney’s attitude toward his material, but more so, deep characteristics of his personality – what Ted Hughes refers to as “the ultimate suffering and decision” in him –occupy space below the surface of his work and imbue it with a quality to which readers around the world are drawn.
Full Text Available Piotr Milecki1,2, Piotr Martenka1, Andrzej Antczak3, Zbigniew Kwias31Department of Radiotherapy, Greater Poland Cancer Center, Poznan, Poland; 2Department of Electroradiology, Medical University, Poznan, Poland; 3Chair of Urology, Medical University, Poznan, PolandAbstract: Androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT is used routinely in combination with definitive external beam radiation therapy (EBRT in patients with high-risk clinically localized or locally advanced disease. The combined treatment (ADT–EBRT also seems to play a significant role in improving treatment results in the intermediate-risk group of prostate cancer patients. On the other hand, there is a growing body of evidence that treatment with ADT can be associated with serious and lifelong adverse events including osteoporosis, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and many others. Almost all ADT adverse events are time dependant and tend to increase in severity with prolongation of hormonal manipulation. Therefore, it is crucial to clearly state the optimal schedule for ADT in combination with EBRT, that maintaining the positive effect on treatment efficacy would keep the adverse events risk at reasonable level. To achieve this goal, treatment schedule may have to be highly individualized on the basis of the patient-specific potential vulnerability to adverse events. In this study, the concise and evidence-based review of current literature concerning the general rationales for combining radiotherapy and hormonal therapy, its mechanism, treatment results, and toxicity profile is presented.Keywords: prostate cancer, radiotherapy, androgen deprivation, combined treatment
PROGRAM DESCRIPTION The Basic Science Program (BSP) pursues independent, multidisciplinary research in basic and applied molecular biology, immunology, retrovirology, cancer biology, and human genetics. Research efforts and support are an integral part of the Center for Cancer Research (CCR) at the Frederick National Laboratory for Cancer Research (FNLCR). KEY ROLES/RESPONSIBILITIES - Research Associate III Dr. Zbigniew Dauter is the head investigator of the Synchrotron Radiation Research Section (SRRS) of CCR’s Macromolecular Crystallography Laboratory. The Synchrotron Radiation Research Section is located at Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois; this is the site of the largest U.S. synchrotron facility. The SRRS uses X-ray diffraction technique to solve crystal structures of various proteins and nucleic acids of biological and medical relevance. The section is also specializing in analyzing crystal structures at extremely high resolution and accuracy and in developing methods of effective diffraction data collection and in using weak anomalous dispersion effects to solve structures of macromolecules. The areas of expertise are: Structural and molecular biology Macromolecular crystallography Diffraction data collection Dr. Dauter requires research support in these areas, and the individual will engage in the purification and preparation of samples, crystallize proteins using various techniques, and derivatize them with heavy atoms/anomalous scatterers, and establish conditions for cryogenic freezing. Individual will also participate in diffraction data collection at the Advanced Photon Source. In addition, the candidate will perform spectroscopic and chromatographic analyses of protein and nucleic acid samples in the context of their purity, oligomeric state and photophysical properties.
Full Text Available Sprawozdanie z cyklu bezpłatnych spotkań: BIBLIOTEKARKA nowoczesną KOBIETĄ zorganizowanych przez Bibliotekę Główną Uniwersytetu Pedagogicznego przy współpracy z Biurem Promocji i Karier Uniwersytetu Pedagogicznego w Krakowie. Zajęcia odbyły się 23 lutego i 15 marca 2012 roku w Bibliotece Głównej Uniwersytetu Pedagogicznego w godzinach od 16.00 do 20.00. Dotyczyły zagadnień psychologicznych, a także aspektów związanych z wizerunkiem zewnętrznym. Istotą wykładów był rozwój osobisty, trening interpersonalny, podniesienie samooceny, jak również integracja kobiet pracujących w zawodzie bibliotekarza. Wykłady prowadzili specjaliści z danej dziedziny: psycholog społeczny prof. dr hab. Zbigniew Nęcki, personal coach Michał Mącznik, stylistka Małgorzata Kusper, kosmetolog/wizażystka Aldona Malarz oraz fryzjer stylista Piotr Janus.
Full Text Available Michel Riffaterre in article L'lllusion d'ekphrasis put forward an idea of "critical ekphrasis" (1994 what may become an invitation to ask if other sub-genres/modes of ekphrasis may be described. The text Essay and Ekphrasis develops this question in the field of essayistic traditions. Evoking the tendency of writing on art in that genre (from Montaigne, Diderot, Ruskin, Pater to art historians, critics and artists the article analyses three examples of ekphrases (by Zbigniew Herbert, Ewa Bieńkowska and Marek Bieńczyk to voice a hypothesis that ekphrasis in an essay may be a useful proof for those who question (ostensive representational powers of that textual tool. Essayistic ekphrasis seems to have a foremost referential character, pointing towards an object of art only to use it in order to describe cognitive procedures of the subject who in such a way (performatively and not overtly pictures himself mirroring his inner self in dispersed fragments of cultural object, dismantling the temporal and spatial difference between the viewer and the object in an illusion of an immediate presence.
Full Text Available In the text “Genre in relation to sacrum. Crisis of faith, horror and pop culture” Samuel Nowak and Anna Taszycka ponder over the phenomenon of modern horror raising the subject of sacrum, especially in relation to the motive of possession and exorcism. The authors attempt to prove that the phenomenon is symptomatic for the transition from religiousness, understood in institutional and collective terms, to individual and contemplative spirituality. After analysing selected films from the perspective of “spirituality” (in the meaning given to it by Zbigniew Pasek the authors conclude that today the pop cultural narrations which depict the new function of sacrum and shift the load from institution to an individual may become successful and accepted by viewers.According to the authors the traditional narration – which associates sacrum with a religious experience – is supplanted today by stories which treat sacrum rather in terms of a spiritual experience. This transformation leads to many possible alternative interpretations of selected films which in this text were described in categories of pensiveness or meta-interpretation.
Full Text Available One of the oldest churches in Krakow, dedicated to All Saints, was situated between Grodzka and Franciszkańska Street. It was build in the XIII century, could had been replacement church for first Cracow’s parish, which was transferred from Saint Trinity church. The name of All Saints church was mentioned for the first time in Vita S. Stanislai. The second time in 1278 his rector Arnold was noted. Most interesting fact is that in the Tables of Pence from 1325–1327 you can find two rectors, who had separate salary and were called rectors of wooden and brick churches. In 1490 church got a collegiate title. Than double rectory was liquidated and positions of provost and dean were established. Church was a place where Brotherhood of the Poor created by Bishop Zbigniew Oleśnicki used to work. Our knowledge of churches looks comes from iconography which was made when the building was already a ruin. According to those sources church had two naves, was oriented and had simply completed presbytery. The building had adhered tower, sacristy, treasure and chapel, called capella antiqua. Description of the interior of the church comes from 1599, when Jerzy Radziwiłł, Bishop of Cracow had visited it. According to the decision of the City Beautification Committee, the church was demolished in 1835, and church’s equipment was sold on auction. The tower survived till 1840, when it shared the fate of the rest of the building.
Full Text Available Karolina Kędzierska,1 Katarzyna Sporniak-Tutak,2 Krzysztof Sindrewicz,2 Joanna Bober,3 Leszek Domański,1 Mirosław Parafiniuk,4 Elżbieta Urasińska,5 Andrzej Ciechanowicz,6 Maciej Domański,1 Tomasz Smektała,2 Marek Masiuk,5 Wiesław Skrzypczak,6 Małgorzata Ożgo,6 Joanna Kabat-Koperska,1 Kazimierz Ciechanowski1 1Department of Nephrology, Transplantology, and Internal Medicine, 2Department of Dental Surgery, 3Department of Medical Chemistry, 4Department of Forensic Medicine, 5Department of Pathomorphology, Pomeranian Medical University, 6Department of Physiology, Cytobiology, and Proteomics, West Pomeranian University of Technology, Szczecin, Poland Abstract: The structural proteins of renal tubular epithelial cells may become a target for the toxic metabolites of immunosuppressants. These metabolites can modify the properties of the proteins, thereby affecting cell function, which is a possible explanation for the mechanism of immunosuppressive agents' toxicity. In our study, we evaluated the effect of two immunosuppressive strategies on protein expression in the kidneys of Wistar rats. Fragments of the rat kidneys were homogenized after cooling in liquid nitrogen and then dissolved in lysis buffer. The protein concentration in the samples was determined using a protein assay kit, and the proteins were separated by two-dimensional electrophoresis. The obtained gels were then stained with Coomassie Brilliant Blue, and their images were analyzed to evaluate differences in protein expression. Identification of selected proteins was then performed using mass spectrometry. We found that the immunosuppressive drugs used in popular regimens induce a series of changes in protein expression in target organs. The expression of proteins involved in drug, glucose, amino acid, and lipid metabolism was pronounced. However, to a lesser extent, we also observed changes in nuclear, structural, and transport proteins' synthesis. Very slight differences
Krzysztof J. Czyżewski
Full Text Available Important type of “group” portraits are likenesses of people connected by blood, holding the same position or representing the same office, shown next to one another, in chronological order. Such portrait galleries, which usually displayed a high degree of uniformity and disregarded the chronological and spatial accuracy, are examples of commemorative paintings. Their primary purpose was to emphasise the lineage and create a picture of unity by simultaneously showing, as a “family” and “house” people who lived in various times, but were united by heredity or succession. In the case of portraits of Catholic clergy, a key role is played by the notion of the Apostolic succession which has guaranteed the continuity in the Church since the times of Christ. The paper deals with (partially surviving group of likenesses of bishops, in the east and south wings of the cloister of the Franciscan friary in Cracow, initiated in the 1430s by Cardinal Zbigniew Oleśnicki, then ordinary bishop of Cracow, 1323–1455. The Franciscan collection likely showed all of Oleśnicki’s predecessors seated next to one another on stone benches, dressed in pontifical garb and identified by means of coats of arms. The founder of the gallery decided that his predecessors be depicted seated, a pose that was considered to be a privileged one, signified the authority of bishops and their role as teachers. The figures of enthroned bishops form a timeless, “ideal” congregation of hierarchs of the local ecclesiastical community. This particular, and fairly rare, arrangement of the representation may have been influenced by the fact that the portraits were painted on walls of cloister walks where, according to the monastic tradition, stone benches were often present. Zbigniew Oleśnicki was well-versed in history and there can be no doubt that he considered himself to be the heir to the accomplishments of all his predecessors and treated their group representation
Full Text Available Daniel Puciato,1 Zbigniew Borysiuk,1 Michał Rozpara2 1Faculty of Physical Education and Physiotherapy, Opole University of Technology, Opole, 2Faculty of Physical Education, The Jerzy Kukuczka Academy of Physical Education in Katowice, Katowice, Poland Objective: Physical activity can be an effective means of prevention and therapy of many psychosomatic disorders. It can also have a significant impact on the quality of life of older working-age people. The aim of the present study was to assess the relationships between quality of life and physical activity in older working-age people from Wroclaw, Poland.Materials and methods: The study group comprised 1,013 people, including 565 women and 448 men, aged 55–64 years (59.1±2.9 years. The study took form of a questionnaire survey. The participants assessed their physical activity and quality of life using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire Short Version (IPAQ-SF and the World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL-BREF, respectively.Results: The highest mean indices of general quality of life, perceived health status, and quality of life in the physical, psychological, social, and environmental domains were shown by respondents whose intensity of physical activity was the highest. Moreover, the odds of high assessment of overall quality of life increased with respondents’ higher levels of physical activity.Conclusion: Quality of life improvement programs should also involve increased physical activity components. Keywords: physical activity, IPAQ-SF, quality of life, WHOQOL-BREF, big city environment
Full Text Available This article analyses the concept of democracy proposed by Alexis de Tocqueville, a famous French historian and sociologist. Special attention is paid to the definition of democracy, the dialectics of freedom and equality as well as the issues of relationship between democracy and centralization of power, democracy and individualism, and democracy and the tyranny of the majority. Tocqueville‘s liberal theory is an excellent example of the political project of the early modern period; it was in step with or, in many cases, ahead of France‘s political evolution, thereby contributing to the formation of the intellectual climate of the later 20th century. More than that, Tocqueville‘s political thought remains relevant even today. He is valued as an innovator, who, as Zbigniew Brzezinski put it, „understood earlier and interpreted better than anyone the uniqueness of the American experiment... His judgements are to this day remarkably prescient and incisive“ (Brzezinski 2011. Consequently, Tocqueville‘s book Democracy in America is a text that is worth being reread. In each political period the readers of this text rediscover anew the meaning of the messages communicated by the author. This depends on the political consciousness, political culture and the „quality“ of the recipients, i.e. on their ability to process and adapt the received information to their times, their state, their specific situation or a specific subject. Tocqueville invites his readers to engage in communicative reading (i.e. dialogue and discussions, which is an important part of modern political communication and political practice. It is also one of the most important attributes of politics and a reliable instrument that makes it easier to form modern political theories and solve political problems.
Full Text Available The article is about the ro numerous researchers, and the direct stimulus for the present author was an extensive and well-informed study by Zbigniew Kaźmierczyk, Dzieło demiurga [Demiurge’s Work], where the critic interprets one of Miłosz’s juvenile collection Trzy zimy [Three Winters] as a record of gnostic experience of existence. Kaźmierczyk, who is a convinced proponent, and competent practitioner of the gnostic key to interpretation of Miłosz’s poetry, presents a highly coherent of Miłosz’s second book of poetry, read through complicated gnostic metaphors, which prevents the critic from a definite description of Miłosz as a gnosticist. The poet is rather describes as only (or so much as a consciously selective user of imagery typical for gnosticism. Incisive analyses of topics in Trzy zimy, which fill chapter after chapter of Dzieło demiurga, convincingly argue that Miłosz’s juvenile foray into the world of dualistic images was not ephemeric or accidental, but rather had lasting and important consequences. Simultaneously, because of their purity and specific inwardness, they provoke a discussion of the role of this imagery, and the related convictions, in Miłosz’s post-war work, when he wrote Rescue; this issue is presented extensively in the article. The absorbing and fascinating description, fascinating in itself, of Miłosz’s juvenile imagination, presented by the author of Dzieło demiurga, is presented as a perfect background for discussion of further Manichean themes in Miłosz’s poetry. In a wider context, the article presents also the basic anthropological problems in Miłosz’s work, problems that arise from his juvenile experience of Weltschmerz, and which he radically overcame in his later years.
Kaldmaa, Kätlin, 1970-
Ülevaade 2008. aastal Eestis ilmunud tõlkeilukirjandusest. Pikemalt käsitletakse järgmisi autoreid ja nende teoseid: Margaret Atwood "Ebakõlad", William Faulkner "Absalom! Absalom!", Cormac McCarthy "Tee", Halldór Laxness "Islandi kell", T. H. White "Kunagine ja tulevane kuningas", Guillermo Martínez "Märkamatud mõrvad", Charlotte Weitze "Pimeduse pärusmaa", Daniel Kehlmann "Maailma mõõtmine", Milorad Pavić "Tuule sisemine pool, ehk, Romaan Herost ja Leandrosest", Michel Houellebecq "Elementaarosakesed", Marguerite Duras "Põhja-Hiina armuke", Haruki Murakami "Kafka mererannas", Anne Birkefeldt Radge "Berliini paplid", "Erakvähid" ja "Rohelised aasad", Linn Ullmann "Õnnistatud laps", Lars Saabye Christensen "Modell", Jon Fosse "See on Ales", Peter Høeg "Vaikne tüdruk", Leena Krohn "Matemaatilised olendid", Käbi Laretei "Kuhu kadus kõik see armastus?", E. M. Forster "Teekond Indiasse", Rudyard Kipling "Lispeth", Asha Miró ja Anna Soler-Pont "Sandlipuu jäljed", Khaled Hosseini "Lohejooksja", Billy Collins "Allegooria surm", Wisława Szymborska "Oma aja lapsed", Zbigniew Herbert "Valitud luuletused", Carlos Vitale "Kohaühtsus", Jüri Talvet (koostaja) "Ameerika luule antoloogia", Marjane Satrapi "Persepolis", Hergé "Sinine lootos" ja "Vaarao sigar", Sinikka Nopola "Risto Räppar ja kohutav vorst" ja "Risto Räppar ja viimane hoiatus", Espen Fyksen ja Øyvind Rune Stålen "Elias, väike päästekaater", Hannu Mäkelä "Miisa uus pere", Timo Parvela "Kiigelaud", Nick Hornby "Maoli", Pierre Bayard "Kuidas rääkida raamatutest, mida me pole lugenud", Milan Kundera "Eesriie", Georges Perec "Mõelda/liigitada ja teisi tekste"
Full Text Available Agata Czarnywojtek,1,2,* Maria Teresa Płazińska,3,* Małgorzata Zgorzalewicz-Stachowiak,4 Kosma Woliński,1 Adam Stangierski,1 Izabela Miechowicz,5 Joanna Waligórska-Stachura,1 Paweł Gut,1 Leszek Królicki,3 Maja Zioncheck,6 Marek Ruchała1 1Department of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Internal Medicine, 2Department of Pharmacology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, 3Nuclear Medicine Department, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, 4Department of Health Prophylaxis, Laboratory of Medical Electrodiagnostics, 5Department of Computer Science and Statistics, 6Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland *These authors contributed equally to this work Aim: This study aims to explore and compare the efficacy of radioiodine treatment (RIT in hyperthyroid and euthyroid patients who have been treated with amiodarone (AM in the past or are currently undergoing AM treatment. Clinical observation of a group of patients with amiodarone-induced hypothyroidism during a 12-month follow-up period was used for comparison.Design: This was a observational, two-centered study. Patients were assessed at baseline and at 2 months, 6 months, 8 months, and 12 months after RIT.Patients: Group A: At baseline (61 males [M] and 17 females [F], mean age 50±19 years, there were 78 euthyroid patients with cardiac arrhythmias, who were treated with AM and developed amiodarone-induced thyrotoxicosis, and currently require retreatment with AM. Group B: Hyperthyroid patients (92 M and 26 F, mean age 72±11.8 years after AM therapy in the past. Group C: Hyperthyroid patients (66 M and 13 F, mean age 63.9±13.2 years currently treated by AM. Group D: Hypothyroid patients (6 M and 16 F, mean age 61.4±10.4 years after AM therapy. The patients from Groups A, B, and C were retreated with AM after ~3–6 weeks of RIT.Results: In Group A, after 12 months of RIT therapy, recurrent thyrotoxicosis was observed in six (7.7% cases, and persistent
formation of superconducting regions in layers of MgB 2 obtained by implantation of magnesium ions into a boron substrate followed by intense pulsed plasma treatment, and on the first evidence of ν μ oscillation in an accelerator-based experiment. In the technical category, the winning work was on large scale production of straw tube modules for the LHCb experiment at CERN together with the design of basic hardware modules concerning overall control of this experiment. Another technical achievement was that the system for brachytherapy of brain tumors based on the Photon Needle X-ray generator has entered the phase of clinical testing. Worth mentioning is also the work of our DESY team on the leptoproduction in a nuclear medium as well as that of our KASCADE collaboration participants on the detection and imaging of atmospheric radio flashes from cosmic ray air showers (see Nature 435 (2005) 313) Participation in the EURATOM fusion program was continued. The International Conference Plasma 2005 was organized by our Plasma Physics Department. Our activity in the field of general education and popularization of science has increased. As usual in such cases, we owe this to a few enthusiasts. My thanks for this go to Leszek Nowicki, Jacek Jagielski, Marek Pawlowski, Jacek Szabelski and many others as well as to our Training Department led by Professor Ludwik Dobrzynski. There was a small but significant change in the organization of the Institute: the formation of the Information Technology Division headed by Jacek Szlachciak. This brings a degree of order and expertise into the rapidly developing field with even more rapidly growing needs, possibilities and expectations. We all wish Jacek and his colleagues every successes in carrying out their tasks. The Reader of our Annual Reports may notice a certain novelty in this year's issue: the expanded general part including some details about events which we judge significant. I hope the Reader will find this part as well as the
Full Text Available Diego Novick,1 William Montgomery,2 Zbigniew Kadziola,3 Victoria Moneta,4 Xiaomei Peng,5 Roberto Brugnoli,6 Josep Maria Haro41Eli Lilly and Company, Windlesham, Surrey, UK; 2Eli Lilly Australia Pty Ltd, West Ryde, NSW, Australia; 3Eli Lilly Austria GmbH, Vienna, Austria; 4Parc Sanitari Sant Joan de Déu, Fundació Sant Joan de Déu, CIBERSAM, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain; 5Eli Lilly and Company, Indianapolis, IN, USA; 6Università di Roma, “Sapienza,” Rome, ItalyBackground: Patients with major depressive disorder (MDD may suffer from concomitant pain symptoms. The aim of this study is to determine whether the presence of painful physical symptoms (PPS influences quality of life when taking into account baseline depression severity.Methods: Patients with a new or first episode of MDD (n = 909 were enrolled in a 3-month prospective observational study in East Asia. The Hamilton Depression Rating Scale, Clinical Global Impression-Severity score, Somatic Symptom Inventory, and EuroQoL questionnaire-5 Dimensions (EQ-5D and EQ-Visual Analogue Scale (EQ-VAS were assessed at baseline and 3 months’ follow-up. The presence of PPS was defined as a mean score of ≥2 on the Somatic Symptom Inventory pain-related items. Regression analyses determined predictors of quality of life at 3 months, adjusting for age, sex, depressive symptoms, overall severity, and quality of life at baseline.Results: PPS were present (PPS+ at baseline in 52% of patients. During the 3-month follow-up, EQ-VAS scores improved from 47.7 (standard deviation [SD] 20.6 to 72.5 (SD 20.4, and EQ-5D improved from 0.48 (SD 0.34 to 0.80 (SD 0.26. At 3 months, mean EQ-VAS was 66.4 (SD 21.2 for baseline PPS+ patients versus 78.5 (SD 17.6 for baseline PPS- patients, and mean EQ-5D was 0.71 (SD 0.29 versus 0.89 (SD 0.18. PPS+ at baseline was a significant predictor of quality of life at 3 months after adjusting for sociodemographic and baseline clinical variables
Beylich, Achim A.; Dixon, John C.; Zwolinski, Zbigniew
The currently prepared SEDIBUD Book on "Source-to-Sink Fluxes in Undisturbed Cold Environments" (edited by Achim A. Beylich, John C. Dixon and Zbigniew Zwolinski and published by Cambridge University Press) is summarizing and synthesizing the achievements of the International Association of Geomorphologists` (I.A.G./A.I.G.) Working Group SEDIBUD (Sediment Budgets in Cold Environments), which has been active since 2005 (http://www.geomorph.org/wg/wgsb.html). Amplified climate change and ecological sensitivity of largely undisturbed polar and high-altitude cold climate environments have been highlighted as key global environmental issues. The effects of projected climate change will change surface environments in cold regions and will alter the fluxes of sediments, nutrients and solutes, but the absence of quantitative data and coordinated geomorphic process monitoring and analysis to understand the sensitivity of the Earth surface environment in these largely undisturbed environments is acute. Our book addresses this existing key knowledge gap. The applied approach of integrating comparable and longer-term field datasets on contemporary solute and sedimentary fluxes from a number of different defined cold climate catchment geosystems for better understanding (i) the environmental drivers and rates of contemporary denudational surface processes and (ii) possible effects of projected climate change in cold regions is unique in the field of geomorphology. Largely undisturbed cold climate environments can provide baseline data for modeling the effects of environmental change. The book synthesizes work carried out by numerous SEDIBUD Members over the last decade in numerous cold climate catchment geosystems worldwide. For reaching a global cover of different cold climate environments the book is - after providing an introduction part and a basic part on climate change in cold environments and general implications for solute and sedimentary fluxes - dealing in different
Full Text Available Zbigniew Pietrzkowski,1 Michael J Phelan,2 Robert Keller,3 Cynthia Shu,1 Ruby Argumedo,1 Tania Reyes-Izquierdo11FutureCeuticals, Inc., Applied BioClinical Laboratory; 2Department of Statistics, School of Information and Computer Science, University of California at Irvine; 3NutraClinical Inc., Irvine, CA, USAAbstract: Calcium fructoborate (CFB at a dose of 110 mg twice per day was previously reported to improve knee discomfort during the first 14 days of treatment. In this study, 60 participants with self-reported knee discomfort were randomized into two groups receiving CFB or placebo. Initial levels of knee discomfort were evaluated by Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index (WOMAC and McGill Pain Questionnaire (MPQ scores at the beginning of the study and also at 7 and 14 days after treatment. Results showed that supplementation with CFB significantly improved knee discomfort in the study subjects; significant reductions of mean within-subject change in WOMAC and MPQ scores were observed for the CFB group compared to the placebo group at both 7 and 14 days after treatment. Estimated treatment differences for the MPQ score were -5.8 (P=0.0009 and -8.9 (P<0.0001 at Day 7 and 14, respectively. Estimated differences for the WOMAC score were -5.3 (P=0.06 and -13.73 (P<0.0001 at Day 7 and 14, respectively. Negative values indicate greater reductions in reported discomfort. On both Day 7 and Day 14, the trend was toward greater improvement in the CFB group. The placebo group did not exhibit any change in the WOMAC and MPQ scores. In conclusion, supplementation with 110 mg CFB twice per day was associated with improving knee discomfort during the 2 weeks of intake.Keywords: CFB, joint discomfort, WOMAC score, McGill pain score
łekChairman of JEMS 2010 Symposia 1. Plenary, Semi-plenary, Tutorials 2. Magnetization Processes Spin Excitations and Ultrafast DynamicsCoordinator: Andrzej Maziewski (Bialystok) 3. Hard Magnetic Materials and MagnetocaloricsCoordinator: Henryk Figiel (Kraków) 4. Magnetic HydridesCoordinators: Ladislav Havela (Praha), Zbigniew Tarnawski (Kraków) 5. Interface of Magnetic Thin FilmsCoordinators: Jürgen Fassbender (Dresden), N-T H Kim-Ngan (Kraków) 6. Magnonic CrystalsCoordinators: Bahram Djafari-Rouhani (Lille), Henryk Puszkarski (Poznan) 7. Magnetism of Metals, Alloys, and IntermetallicsCoordinator: Andrzej Szytula (Kraków) 8. Molecular MagnetismCoordinators: Stephen Blundell (Oxford), Maria Balanda (Kraków) 9. Magnetooptics of NanomagnetsCoordinators: Kamil Postava (Ostrava), Marek Kisielewski (Bialystok) 10. NanomagnetismCoordinators: Marek Przybylski (Halle), Jürgen Kirschner (Halle) 11. Other topics - Biomagnetism, Domain Walls, InstrumentationCoordinator: Henryk Figiel (Kraków) 12. Magnetic Perovskites and MultiferroicsCoordinator: Henryk Szymczak (Warszawa) 13. Magnetic Semiconductors and InsulatorsCoordinators: Klaus Baerner (Göttingen), Tadeusz Gron (Katowice) 14. Magnetic Shape Memory Effects and Related PhenomenaCoordinators: Oliver Gutfleisch (Dresden), Sebastian Fähler (Dresden) 15. Soft Magnetic MaterialsCoordinators: Julian González (San Sebastian), Krzysztof Kulakowski (Kraków) 16. SpintronicsCoordinator: Maciej Sawicki (Warszawa) 17. Strongly Correlated Electron Systems, Magnetism and SuperconductivityCoordinator: Andrzej Slebarski (Katowice) The next Joint European Magnetic Symposia, JEMS 2012, will be held in Parma, Italy, 9-14 September 2012.www.jems2012.itCo-Chairs:Franca Albertini, Institute of Materials for Electronics and Magnetism (IMEM), CNR, ParmaRoberto De Renzi, Department of Physics, University of Parma
Full Text Available Zbigniew Sawiński w tekście opublikowanym w EDUKACJI („Gimnazja wobec nierówności społecznych”, Edukacja, 135(4, 2015 twierdzi na podstawie analiz danych programu OECD PISA z lat 2000–2012, że reforma gimnazjalna nie spowodowała zmniejszenia nierówności w polskiej edukacji: znaczenie pochodzenia społecznego dla osiągnięć uczniów utrzymywało się na podobnym poziomie jak przed reformą, nie zmniejszył się znacząco wpływ pochodzenia społecznego na wybór szkoły średniej, a obserwowane w Polsce różnicowanie się gimnazjów nie doprowadziło do wzrostu nierówności edukacyjnych. W artykule przedstawiono argumenty metodologiczne i wyniki powtórnej analizy danych PISA wskazujące na zmiany w szerzej rozumianych nierównościach edukacyjnych. Między 2000 a 2012 r. (a nie zmieniła się wprawdzie siła związku wyników osiąganych przez piętnastolatków ze statusem społeczno-ekonomicznym rodzin uczniów, ale: (b zmniejszyło się zróżnicowanie wyników, co było przede wszystkim zasługą poprawy wyników najsłabszych uczniów; (c zmniejszyły się różnice między uczniami o niskim i wysokim statusie społeczno-ekonomicznym; (d zmniejszył się wpływ pochodzenia społecznego na wybór szkoły ponadgimnazjalnej. Wpływ ten jest w dużej mierze bezpośredni: nie jest zapośredniczony przez osiągnięcia edukacyjne uczniów. W polemice podkreślono także złożoność tzw. reformy gimnazjalnej, która nie ograniczyła się jedynie do wprowadzenia gimnazjów. Wskazano na rolę innych czynników, które utrudniają analizowanie efektów reformy gimnazjalnej w kategoriach przyczynowo-skutkowych, w tym przede wszystkim na rolę nieobserwowanych w badaniu PISA zmiennych dotyczących zmian zachodzących w środowisku uczenia się kolejnych kohort uczestniczących w badaniu.
Sadowski, Marek J.
, Otwock, Poland—Chairman Dimitri Batani, Universite Bordeaux, France Sergio Ciattaglia, ITER, Cadarache, France Michael Dudeck, UPMC, Paris, France Igor E Garkusha, NSC KIPT, Kharkov, Ukraine Zbigniew Kłos, CBK PAN, Warsaw Giorgio Maddaluno, ENEA Frascati, Italy Andrea Murari, EFDA JET, Culham, UK Józef Musielok, University of Opole, Poland Svetlana Ratynskaia, RIT, Stockholm, Sweden Karel Rohlena, IP CAS, Prague, Czech Republic Valentin Smirnov, Rosatom, Moscow, Russia Francisco Tabares, CIEMAT, Madrid, Spain Lorenzo Torrisi, University of Messina, Messina, Italy Jerzy Wołowski, IFPiLM, Warsaw, Poland Urszula Woźnicka, IFJ PAN, Cracow, Poland Local Organizing Committee Jerzy Wołowski—Chairman Paweł Gąsior—Secretary Zofia Kalinowska Ewa Kowalska-Strzęciwilk Monika Kubkowska Anita Pokorska Ryszard Panfil Joanna Dziak-Beme Conference website: http://plasma2013.ipplm.pl/
Full Text Available Professor Zdzisław Żygulski Jr. (1921–2015 was one of the most prominent Polish art historians of the second half of the 20th century. He treated the history of art as a broadly understood science of mankind and his artistic achievements. His name was recognised in global research on antique weapons, and among experts on Rembrandt and Leonardo da Vinci. He studied museums and Oriental art. He wrote 35 books, about 200 articles, and numerous essays on art; he wrote for the daily press about his artistic journeys through Europe, Japan and the United States. He illustrated his publications with his own photographs, and had a large set of slides. Żygulski created many exhibitions both at home and abroad presenting Polish art in which armour and oriental elements played an important role. He spent his youth in Lvov, and was expatriated to Cracow in 1945 together with his wife, the pottery artist and painter Eva Voelpel. He studied English philology and history of art at the Jagiellonian University (UJ, and was a student under Adam Bochnak and Vojeslav Molè. He was linked to the Czartoryski Museum in Cracow for his whole life; he worked there from 1949 until 2010, for the great majority of time as curator of the Arms and Armour Section. He devoted his whole life to the world of this museum, and wrote about its history and collections. Together with Prof. Zbigniew Bocheński, he set up the Association of Lovers of Old Armour and Flags, over which he presided from 1972 to 1998. He set up the Polish school of the study of militaria. He was a renowned and charismatic member of the circle of international researchers and lovers of militaria. He wrote the key texts in this field: Broń w dawnej Polsce na tle uzbrojenia Europy i Bliskiego Wschodu [Weapons in old Poland compared to armaments in Europe and the Near East], Stara broń w polskich zbiorach [Old weapons in Polish armouries], Polski mundur wojskowy [Polish military uniforms] (together with H
Full Text Available William Montgomery,1 Tamas Treuer,2 Wenyu Ye,3 Hai Bo Xue,4 Sheng Hu Wu,4 Li Liu,4 Zbigniew Kadziola,5 Michael D Stensland,6 Haya Ascher-Svanum7 1Global Health Outcomes Eli Lilly Australia Pty Ltd, West Ryde, NSW, Australia; 2Neuroscience Research, Eli Lilly and Company, Budapest, Hungary; 3Global Statistical Sciences, Lilly Suzhou Pharmaceutical Company, Ltd, Shanghai, People's Republic of China; 4Medical Department, Lilly Suzhou Pharmaceutical Company, Ltd, Shanghai, People's Republic of China; 5Global Statistical Sciences, Eli Lilly GmbH, Vienna, Republic of Austria; 6Agile Outcomes Research, Inc., Rochester, MN, USA; 7Global Health Outcomes, Eli Lilly and Company, Indianapolis, IN, USA Objectives: This study examined whether participation in a weight control program (WCP by patients with schizophrenia treated with olanzapine was also associated with improvements in clinical and functional outcomes. Methods: A post-hoc analysis was conducted using data from the Chinese subgroup (n=330 of a multi-country, 6-month, prospective, observational study of outpatients with schizophrenia who initiated or switched to oral olanzapine. At study entry and monthly visits, participants were assessed with the Clinical Global Impression of Severity, and measures of patient insight, social activities, and work impairment. The primary comparison was between the 153 patients who participated in a WCP at study entry (n=93 or during the study (n=60 and the 177 patients who did not participate in a weight control program (non-WCP. Mixed Models for Repeated Measures with baseline covariates were used to compare outcomes over time. Kaplan–Meier survival analysis was used to assess time to response. Results: Participants had a mean age of 29.0 years and 29.3 years, and 51.0% and 57.6% were female for WCP and non-WCP groups, respectively. Average initiated daily dose for olanzapine was 9.5±5.4 mg. WCP participants gained less weight than non-participants (3.9 kg vs
Full Text Available Wenyu Ye,1 William Montgomery,2 Zbigniew Kadziola,3 Li Liu,4 Haibo Xue,4 Michael D Stensland,5 Tamas Treuer61Real World Analytics, Eli Lilly and Company, Indianapolis, IN, USA; 2Global Patient Outcomes and Real World Evidence, Eli Lilly Australia Pty Ltd, West Ryde, Australia; 3Real World Analytics Capabilities, Eli Lilly GmbH, Vienna, Austria; 4Lilly Suzhou Pharmaceutical Co, Ltd, Shanghai Branch, People’s Republic of China; 5Agile Outcomes Research, Inc., Rochester, MN, USA; 6Neuroscience Research, Eli Lilly and Company, Budapest, HungaryBackground: The aims of this analysis were to identify factors associated with early response (at 4 weeks to olanzapine treatment and to assess whether early response is associated with better longer-term outcomes for patients with schizophrenia in the People’s Republic of China.Methods: A post hoc analysis of a multi-country, 6-month, prospective, observational study of outpatients with schizophrenia or bipolar mania who initiated or switched to treatment with oral olanzapine was conducted using data from the Chinese schizophrenia subgroup (n=330. Factors associated with early response were identified using a stepwise logistic regression with baseline clinical characteristics, baseline participation in a weight control program, and adherence with antipsychotics during the first 4 weeks of treatment. Mixed models for repeated measures with baseline covariates were used to compare outcomes over time between early responders and early nonresponders to olanzapine.Results: One hundred and thirty patients (40% achieved an early response. Early response was independently predicted by higher baseline Clinical Global Impressions-Severity score (odds ratio [OR] 1.51, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.15–1.97, fewer years since first diagnosis (OR 0.94, CI 0.90–0.98, a greater number of social activities (OR 1.22, CI 1.05–1.40, participation in a weight control program (OR 1.81, CI 1.04–3.15, and high adherence
Beylich, A. A.; Lamoureux, S. F.; Decaulne, A.
Projected climate change in cold regions is expected to alter melt season duration and intensity, along with the number of extreme rainfall events, total annual precipitation and the balance between snowfall and rainfall. Similarly, changes to the thermal balance are expected to reduce the extent of permafrost and seasonal ground frost and increase active layer depths. These effects will undoubtedly change surface environments in cold regions and alter the fluxes of sediments, nutrients and solutes, but the absence of quantitative data and coordinated process monitoring and analysis to understand the sensitivity of the Earth surface environment is acute in cold climate environments. The International Association of Geomorphologists (I.A.G./A.I.G.)SEDIBUD (Sediment Budgets in Cold Environments) Programme was formed in 2005 to address this existing key knowledge gap. SEDIBUD currently has about 400 members worldwide and the Steering Committee of this international programme is composed of ten scientists from eight different countries: Achim A. Beylich (Chair) (Norway), Armelle Decaulne (Secretary) (France), John C. Dixon (USA), Scott F. Lamoureux (Vice-Chair) (Canada), John F. Orwin (Canada), Jan-Christoph Otto (Austria), Irina Overeem (USA), Thorsteinn Saemundsson (Iceland), Jeff Warburton (UK), Zbigniew Zwolinski (Poland). The central research question of this global group of scientists is to: Assess and model the contemporary sedimentary fluxes in cold climates, with emphasis on both particulate and dissolved components. Initially formed as European Science Foundation (ESF) Network SEDIFLUX (2004-2006), SEDIBUD has further expanded to a global group of researchers with field research sites located in polar and alpine regions in the northern and southern hemisphere. Research carried out at each of the close to 50 defined SEDIBUD key test sites varies by programme, logistics and available resources, but typically represent interdisciplinary collaborations of
Beylich, Achim A.; Lamoureux, Scott; Decaulne, Armelle
Projected climate change in cold regions is expected to alter melt season duration and intensity, along with the number of extreme rainfall events, total annual precipitation and the balance between snowfall and rainfall. Similarly, changes to the thermal balance are expected to reduce the extent of permafrost and seasonal ground frost and increase active layer depths. These effects will undoubtedly change surface environments in cold regions and alter the fluxes of sediments, nutrients and solutes, but the absence of quantitative data and coordinated geomorphic process monitoring and analysis to understand the sensitivity of the Earth surface environment is acute in cold climate environments. The International Association of Geomorphologists (I.A.G. / A.I.G. ) SEDIBUD (Sediment Budgets in Cold Environments) Programme was formed in 2005 to address this existing key knowledge gap. SEDIBUD currently has about 400 members worldwide and the Steering Committee of this international programme is composed of ten scientists from eight different countries: Achim A. Beylich (Chair) (Norway), Armelle Decaulne (Secretary) (France), John C. Dixon (USA), Scott F. Lamoureux (Vice-Chair) (Canada), John F. Orwin (Canada), Jan-Christoph Otto (Austria), Irina Overeem (USA), Thorsteinn Sæmundsson (Iceland), Jeff Warburton (UK) and Zbigniew Zwolinski (Poland). The central research question of this global group of scientists is to: Assess and model the contemporary sedimentary fluxes in cold climates, with emphasis on both particulate and dissolved components. Initially formed as European Science Foundation (ESF) Network SEDIFLUX (Sedimentary Source-to-Sink Fluxes in Cold Environments) (2004 - ), SEDIBUD has further expanded to a global group of researchers with field research sites located in polar and alpine regions in the northern and southern hemisphere. Research carried out at each of the close to 50 defined SEDIBUD key test sites varies by programme, logistics and available
Bell, Michelle L.; Holloway, Tracey
development of dose response relationships that take into account how the high degree of source and demographic variability affect PM health response. We look forward to the continued growth of research in ERL contributing to air pollution emissions, distribution, and impacts. As the integrated study of air quality connects to economics, energy, agriculture, meteorology, climate change, and public health—among other subjects—its advancement is well-suited to an interdisciplinary, open-access journal like ERL. Thanks to our authors for contributing to ERL's growth in global air pollution research with such excellent work. Focus on Global Impacts of Particulate Matter Air Pollution Contents The articles below represent the first accepted contributions and further additions will appear in the near future. Major components of China's anthropogenic primary particulate emissions Qiang Zhang, David G Streets, Kebin He and Zbigniew Klimont Impacts of roadway emissions on urban particulate matter concentrations in sub-Saharan Africa: new evidence from Nairobi, Kenya E D S van Vliet and P L Kinney Potential influence of inter-continental transport of sulfate aerosols on air quality Junfeng Liu and Denise L Mauzerall Can warming particles enter global climate discussions? Tami C Bond
Jesús Alberto Andrade
Full Text Available ¿Cuándo comenzó esto que llamamos globalización? Para responder esta pregunta habría que definir primero qué refiere este polémico proceso que nos toca a todos y aún con todas las definiciones,posiblemente no podamos comprenderlo en todo su alcance. Lo cierto es que por donde se mire, la globalización va asociada a acontecimientos políticos que definen otras esferas que son partes determinantes de nuestra existencia.Zbigniew Brzezinski, uno de los más prestigiosos y duros analistas en política exterior norte americana, en un libro controversial llamado Entre dos edades. El papel de Norteamérica en la era tecnotrónica, afirmó que John Kennedy fue el primer presidente global porque consideraba que el mundo entero era, en un sentido, un problema de política interior.Sería muy ingenuo asumir que la globalización parte de la visión de un presidente con respectoal mundo, si ello no se asocia con las redes del poder. Lo global, por lo menos en su concepción moderna, ha estado rondando la sociedad y en particular aquellas que de alguna manera se entrelazanen los diversos aspectos socioculturales, psicológicos, y económicos que hoy son determinados por las tecnologías, concretamente las asociadas a la información.¿Dónde se ubican los parámetros que miden lo global y permiten entender los acontecimientoscomo si fuera una cuestión al interior de un país? No me cabe la menor duda que ellos se encuentran en la apropiación que se hace del conocimiento.La sociedad de la información es por sobre todas las cosas una sociedad de conocimiento, que nos separa y clasifica en la medida que nos lo apropiamos y hacemos uso de él.El conocimiento tiene precio y en la ciencia ese precio se paga muy alto. Las transnacionales de la información mercantilizan el saber como si se tratara de un bien, destinado al uso exclusivo de un pequeño sector de la sociedad, razón suficiente para que se excluyan a las grandes mayorías de obtener el
Full Text Available Maria Łoboz-Rudnicka,1 Joanna Jaroch,1 Zbigniew Bociąga,1 Barbara Rzyczkowska,1 Izabella Uchmanowicz,2 Jacek Polański,3 Krzysztof Dudek,4 Andrzej Szuba,5 Krystyna Łoboz-Grudzień2 1Department of Cardiology, T. Marciniak Hospital, 2Public Health Department, Wroclaw Medical University, 3Private Practice, Na Biskupinie, Wroclaw, 4Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Wroclaw University of Technology, 5Division of Angiology, Wroclaw Medical University, Wroclaw, Poland Background and purpose: There has been growing interest in the sex-related differences in the impact of cardiovascular (CV risk factors on carotid intima–media thickness (CIMT. Therefore, we aimed at examining the influence of CV risk factors on CIMT in men and women and identifying differences between males and females in the risk profiles affecting CIMT. Patients and methods: The study group consisted of 256 patients (mean age 54.7 years, including 134 females (52%, with the following CV risk factors: arterial hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, nicotine addiction, overweight, and obesity. Subjects with the history of any overt CV disease were excluded. CIMT was measured through B-mode ultrasound examination of the right common carotid artery. In the analysis of CIMT values at different ages, the patients were divided into three age groups: 1 <45 years, 2 45–60 years, and 3 >60 years. Regression analysis was used to examine the influence of CV risk factors on CIMT in men and women. Results: CIMT increased with age in both men and women. Women had lower values of CIMT than men (0.54 mm vs 0.60 mm, P=0.011. The analysis in three age subgroups revealed that CIMT values were comparable in men and women in group 1 (0.48 mm vs 0.48 mm, P=0.861, but over the age of 45 years, CIMT values became significantly lower in women compared to men (group 2: 0.51 mm vs 0.63 mm, P=0.005; group 3: 0.63 mm vs 0.72 mm, P=0.020. Significant differences were observed
, appearing in nuclear reactor physics as well as in many other areas of science and engineering, with the analysis of the convergence of pre factorization algorithms and with procedures for predicting optimal relaxation parameters. Zbigniew Woznicki delivered two invited lectures on efficient iterative methods for solving linear systems: - at WSES International Multi conference on: Circuits, Systems, Communications and Computers (CSCC-2001); Mathematics and Computers in Physics (MPC-2001), and in Mechanical Engineering (MCME-2001), Rethymno, Crete, Greece, July 8-15, 2001 in the session devoted to ''Mathematical Methods and Computational Techniques in Physics and Engineering 1'', chaired by him, - at The First International Conference on Nonlinear Analysis and Nonlinear Modeling, Fethiye, Turkey, July 17-23, 2001 in which he was a member of International Program Committee and the chair of plenary session. He received a medal for his contribution to this conference from the Local Government of Fetiye. (author)
Man'ko, Margarita A.
-correlation function for graphs with and without time-reversal symmetry: the open system case Michał Ławniczak, Szymon Bauch, Oleh Hul and Leszek Sirko Independent nonclassical tests for states and measurements in the same experiment Alfredo Luis and Ángel Rivas On the classical capacity of quantum Gaussian channels Cosmo Lupo, Stefano Pirandola, Paolo Aniello and Stefano Mancini Entropic inequalities for center-of-mass tomograms Margarita A Man'ko Semiclassical dynamics for an ion confined within a nonlinear electromagnetic trap Bogdan M Mihalcea Zeno-like phenomena in STIRAP processes B Militello, M Scala, A Messina and N V Vitanov A beam splitter with second-order nonlinearity modeled as a nonlinear coupler V Peřinová, A Lukš and J Křepelka Energy-level shifts of a uniformly accelerated atom between two reflecting plates L Rizzuto and S Spagnolo Cross-Kerr nonlinearities in an optically dressed periodic medium K Słowik, A Raczyński, J Zaremba, S Zielińska-Kaniasty, M Artoni and G C La Rocca An approximate effective beamsplitter interaction between light and atomic ensembles Richard Tatham, David Menzies and Natalia Korolkova Stochastic simulation of long-time nonadiabatic dynamics Daniel A Uken, Alessandro Sergi and Francesco Petruccione
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andcommunication technologies provided in the source can help educationaladministrators and policy-makers. Table of contents along with the names ofcontributors are provided below: 3D Avatars and Collaborative Virtual Environments/Koon-Ying Raymond Li,James Sofra, and Mark Power Access Control for Healthcare/Yifeng Shen Advertising in the Networked Environment/Savvas Papagiannidis and MichaelBourlakis Anonymous Peer-to-Peer Systems/Wenbing Zhao Argumentation and Computing/Ephraim Nissan Argumentation with Wigmore Charts and Computing/Ephraim Nissan Artificial Intelligence Tools for Handling Legal Evidence/Ephraim Nissan Barriers Facing African American Women in Technology/Jianxia Du, George H.Pate, Deneen Sherrod, and Wei-Chieh Yu B-POS Secure Mobile Payment System/Antonio Grillo, Alessandro Lentini, andGianluigi Me Building Secure and Dependable Information Systems/Wenbing Zhao Classifying Articles in Information Ethics and Security/Zack Jourdan, R. KellyRainer Jr., and Thomas E. Marshall Computational Ethics/Alicia I. Ruvinsky Computer Ethics and Intelligent Technologies/Yefim Kats Computer Worms, Detection, and Defense/Robert J. Cole and Chao-Hsien Chu Conflicting Value of Digital Music Piracy/Matthew Butler Content Filtering Methods for Internet Pornography/Jengchung V. Chen andShaoYu F. Huang Cyber-Terrorism in Australia/Christopher Beggs Data Security and Chase/Zbigniew W. Ras and Seunghyun Im Defending against Distributed Denial of Service/Yang Xiang and Wanlei Zhou Digital Divide Implications and Trends/Irene Chen and Terry T. Kidd Digital Rights Management Metadata and Standards/Jo Anne Cote and Eun G.Park235 Dilemmas of Online Identity Theft/Omer Mahmood Document Security in the Ancient World/Christopher H. Walker DRM Practices in the E-Publication Industry/Bong Wee Kiau and NorshuhadaShiratuddin Educational Technology Practitioner-Research Ethics/Kathleen Gray E-Health and Ensuring Quality