WorldWideScience

Sample records for zavod atomove elektrarne

  1. Slovenske elektrarne and the environment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mihaly, B.

    2003-01-01

    In this paper the environmental impact from Slovenske elektrarne is reviewed. The Mochovce Nuclear Power Plant has obtained as the first plant in the Slovak Republic - the International certificate in environmental management according the norm ISO 14001:1996 for production and supply of electric energy from NPP. The Certification was awarded by the certification company Det Norske Veritas Slovensko according to the Dutch accreditation the Raad voor Accredative. Mochovce NPP has obtained the Certificate after compliance of process requests and it is active for three years. After expiration of this period the certification process must be repeated

  2. Slovenske elektrarne and the environment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Balaz, J.

    2003-01-01

    At the end of 2002 Mochovce NPP as the first Slovak energy operation got the international certificate of environmental managership according to norm ISO 14 001:1996 on production and electric energy supply from nuclear power plant praised by reputable testimonial company Det Norske Veritas. Slovenske elektrarne, a.s. management has intention to pass a certification process in all of its operations in this and following year. Certification presentation is one of the results of project of Environmental policy of SE, a.s. as it was specified by company executive in 2000. This project comes out from Environmental protection conception of SE from 1997. The basic condition of success of whole project is total orientation of Slovak electric energetic on energy production with minimal environmental load. It means the maximal exploitation of water and nuclear production of electric energy at the expense of technologies based on energy raw materials incineration. In 2002, of totally produced 32 805 MWh of electric energy almost two thirds were produced by nuclear power plants, almost one fifth by water power plants and 16% by thermal power plants. Thanks to this electricity production structure it is sharply possible to cut back the emission capacity produced by thermal power plants

  3. ENEL Slovenske elektrarne. Annual report 2006

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2007-01-01

    A brief account of activities carried out by the ENEL Slovenske elektrarne, a.s. (SE) in 2006 year is presented. These activities are reported under the following headings: (1) Evaluation Report and Foreword of the Chairman of the Board of Directors; (2) SE, a.s., Board of Directors in 2006; (3) SE, a.s., Supervisory Board in 2006; (4) The year in brief; (5) SE, a.s., Organisation Structure; (6) Company stakes; (7) Company strategy; (8) Electricity and heat generation; (9) Trade in electricity, support services and heat; (10) Investments; (11) Nuclear safety; (12) Occupational health and safety and fi re protection; (13) Environment; (14) Human resources; (15) Report on Financial Statements and Performance of the Company; (16) Auditor's report; (17) Abbreviations

  4. Welcome on the Slovenske elektrarne board

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kiselova, J.

    2009-01-01

    One of the aims of Human Resources Division of Slovenske elektrarne, a. s. is to ensure suitable working conditions for new comers for their fast adaptation in the new working environment, in our company. On the other hand, achieving the attitude of an employee, which may be defined by a phrase 'He/she is the Group Member' belongs to the priorities of the Enel Leadership Model. We will not reach for this attitude and behaviour corresponding to it on the first day, when the new comer starts working. Effective set up of the whole adaptation process in he first thee months and following steps are very important, so that we may show the new employee that we do care about him/her. (author)

  5. Experience of the implementation of quality management system at the joint stock company 'Mashinostroitelny zavod', Electrostal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mezhuev, V.; Tsiboulia, V.; Kiruyshkin, A.; Tchirkov, V.

    2000-01-01

    The paper describes major steps of development and implementation of Quality Management System (QMS) in nuclear fuel fabrication at Joint Stock Company 'Mashinostroitelny zavod', Electrostal, Russian Federation. Special emphasis is paid to the estimation of QMS effectiveness, current impact of QMS implementation on nuclear fuel quality, sales market and directions for further QMS development. (author)

  6. Nuclear Safety Culture & Leadership in Slovenske Elektrarne

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Janko, P.

    2016-01-01

    This presentation shows practically how nuclear safety culture is maintained and assessed in Slovenske elektrarne, supported by human performance program and leadership model. Safety is the highest priority and it must be driven by the Leaders in the field. Human Performance is key to safety and therefore key to our success. Safety Policy of our operating organization—licence holder, is in line with international best practices and nuclear technology is recognised as special and unique. All nuclear facilities adopt a clear safety policy and are operated with overriding priority to nuclear safety, the protection of nuclear workers, the general public and the environment from risk of harm. The focus is on nuclear safety, although the same principles apply to radiological safety, industrial safety and environmental safety. Safety culture is assessed regularly based (every two years) on eight principles for strong safety culture in nuclear utilities. Encourage excellence in all plant activities and to go beyond compliance with applicable laws and regulations. Adopt management approaches embodying the principles of Continuous Improvement and risk Management is never ending activity for us. (author)

  7. Connections of OAO 'Mashinostroitelny zavod' with mass-media

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gelman, S.

    2000-01-01

    Full text: PJSC 'Mashinostroitelny zavod' (MSZ) is located 55 km to the east of Moscow, in an industrial town called Electrostal with the population 150.000 people. Recently this dynamically developed enterprise joined the world leaders-manufacturers of nuclear fuel (NF), its capacity being 1000 t U02 per year. The quality of the fuel rods and thermal assemblies fabricated by the factory was marked several times with prestigious European and Russian awards and certificates. Currently the products of the factory are supplied to more than 50 NPP units of Russia, CIS and Europe as well as to the power units of the atomic fleet of Russia. Together with the intensive work related to the optimization of nuclear fuel fabrication the management of MSZ pays serious attention to the public communication and connections with mass-media bearing in mind that a part of the town population is concerned a lot about the state of things and development of the atomic power and related enterprises. So the Centre of public information of MSZ is constantly under the supervision of the management. Widely equipped with illustrative material, the Centre meets up to 2000 visitors annually, during tours, lectures and discussions. But the main part of the Centre work is performed outside the Centre. At the beginning of the year the MSZ management signed a number of agreements with to-vn mass-media: newspaper 'Novosty dnya', radio centre, cable TV studio 'Eitelecom'. These mass-media, during the year, gave to the Centre employees and factory technical specialists a good possibility to make presentations that objectively enlighten the safety aspects of NPPs and nuclear technologies, including those performed in the workshops of MSZ. So there were broadcasts on radio and TV that were consecrated to the famous dates in the history of the atomic power: 45th anniversary of starting the first in the world NPP; 35th anniversary of starting Novo- Voronezhskaya NPP; 40th anniversary of commissioning

  8. New Emergency control center of Slovenske Elektrarne Bohunice NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pecko, E.

    2012-01-01

    Emergency preparedness of nuclear power plant and operation assurance in case of a possible emergency calls to have devices for emergency response with equipment for rapid detection and continuous evaluation of anticipated events. Chief executive body designated to manage a nuclear power plant during major events is the emergency committee (EC). Emergency Committee is a part of the Emergency Response Organization (ERO). The following centers are on alert to ensure the activities of the ERO - Emergency Response office: - control room (CR) and emergency control room (ECR); - emergency management center (EMC); - Monitoring Centre (MC); - emergency backup control center (EBCC); - congregations of civil protection (CP) and CP shelters; - communications with warning and notification system (VARVYR). From a historical and practical point of view in the vicinity of Jaslovske Bohunice has been set up a joint emergency control center. The center was located on the territory of the former already inoperative V1 NPP. V1 NPP is currently integrated into the organizational structure of JAVYS. Operating Bohunice V2 NPP plant is a designated part of the Slovenske Elektrarne, a. s., whose majority owner is an Italian operator ENEL. In terms of various relevant factors, it was decided to build a new emergency management center on the territory of operating V2 NPP, meet the current standards.

  9. Slovenske elektrarne has fulfilled the plan of electric power production at 101 %

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon

    2004-01-01

    Slovenske elektrarne, a. s., produced in 2003 year the electric power in capacity 26,047.6 GWh, whereby they fulfilled business plan at 101 %. In compare with the last year it is a reduction in production by 1,397.3 GWh. The biggest share of production - till 68.6 % of overall production of the Slovenske elektrarne, was provided by nuclear sources. Nuclear power plants fulfilled business plan at 104 %, when Jaslovske Bohunice NPP has produced 11,625 GWh and Mochovce NPP 6,238 GWh. The share of other power plants on the electricity production is presented

  10. Safety aspects of electric energy production and supplies in conditions of the Slovenske elektrarne, a.s

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sip, M.; Danilak, M. et al.

    2005-01-01

    In this presentation author deals with safety aspects of electric energy production and supplies in conditions of the Slovenske elektrarne, a.s. Some terrorist attack and accidents are presented. Four video-sequences are included

  11. Influence of exploitation of the Elektrarne Vojany on the environment, March 2005

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2005-04-01

    The Elektrarne Vojany plant (fossil power plant Vojany) is located in Eastern Slovakia in the district of Michalovce, consisting of two generating plants: Elektraren Vojany I (EVO I - 6 x 110 MW) and Elektraren Vojany II (EVO II - 6 x 110 MW). In this leaflet the results of monitoring on the Elektrarne Vojany (EVO), power plants of the Slovenske elektrarne, a.s., are presented. In March 2005 the following quantity of sulfur dioxide were emitted in EVO I in blocks (B): 30.538 tonnes (t) in B11+B12; 123.066 t in EVO B13; 175.980 t in B14; 28.324 t in B15 and 12.975 t in B16; and in EVO II: 121 kg in B21; and 11 kg in B23. In March 2005 these plants emitted totally 209,062 t of carbon dioxide and during 2005 in these plants it was emitted of 618,412 t of carbon dioxide (of 2,797,653 t of quota for 2005, and 8,392,959 t of quota for 2005-2007 years). Pollution of air and water as well as wastes production are reported

  12. Influence of exploitation of the Elektrarne Vojany on the environment during June 2006

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2006-07-01

    The Elektrarne Vojany plant (fossil power plant Vojany) is located in Eastern Slovakia in the district of Michalovce, consisting of two generating plants: Elektraren Vojany I (EVO I - 6 x 110 MW) and Elektraren Vojany II (EVO II - 6 x 110 MW). In this leaflet the results of monitoring on the Elektrarne Vojany (EVO), power plants of the Slovenske elektrarne, a.s., are presented. In June 2006 the following quantity of sulfur dioxide were emitted in EVO I in blocks (B): 15.858 tonnes (t) in B11+B12; 13.741 t in EVO B13; 76.754 t in B14; 45.201 t in B15 and 29.607 t in B16. In June 2006 these plants emitted totally 194,910 t of carbon dioxide and during 2006 in these plants my emitted 1,503,619 t of carbon dioxide, yet (of 2,797,653 t of quota for 2006, and 8,392,959 t of quota for 2005-2007 years). Pollution of air and water as well as wastes production are reported

  13. Influence of exploitation of the Elektrarne Vojany on the environment during February 2006

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2006-03-01

    The Elektrarne Vojany plant (fossil power plant Vojany) is located in Eastern Slovakia in the district of Michalovce, consisting of two generating plants: Elektraren Vojany I (EVO I - 6 x 110 MW) and Elektraren Vojany II (EVO II - 6 x 110 MW). In this leaflet the results of monitoring on the Elektrarne Vojany (EVO), power plants of the Slovenske elektrarne, a.s., are presented. In February 2006 the following quantity of sulfur dioxide were emitted in EVO I in blocks (B): 12.077 tonnes (t) in B11+B12; 75.628 t in EVO B13; 20.787 t in B14; 19.539 t in B15 and 34.223 t in B16; and in EVO II: 0.302 kg in B23; 0.376 kg in B24. In February 2006 these plants emitted totally 207,709 t of carbon dioxide and during 2006 in these plants my emitted 2,267,944 t of carbon dioxide, yet (of 2,797,653 t of quota for 2006, and 8,392,959 t of quota for 2005-2007 years). Pollution of air and water as well as wastes production are reported

  14. Influence of exploitation of the Elektrarne Vojany on the environment during December 2006

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2007-01-01

    The Elektrarne Vojany plant (fossil power plant Vojany) is located in Eastern Slovakia in the district of Michalovce, consisting of two generating plants: Elektraren Vojany I (EVO I - 6 x 110 MW) and Elektraren Vojany II (EVO II - 6 x 110 MW). In this leaflet the results of monitoring on the Elektrarne Vojany (EVO), power plants of the Slovenske elektrarne, a.s., are presented. In December 2006 the following quantity of sulfur dioxide were emitted in EVO I in blocks (B): 12.897 tonnes (t) in B11+B12; 2.536 t in EVO B13; 11.131 t in B14; 17.471 t in B15 and 39.415 t in B16. In November and December 2006 these plants emitted totally 207,690 t and 203,495 t of carbon dioxide, respectively, and during 2006 in these plants my emitted 177,601 t of carbon dioxide, yet (of 2,797,653 t of quota for 2006, and 8,392,959 t of quota for 2005-2007 years). Pollution of air and water as well as wastes production are reported

  15. Influence of exploitation of the Elektrarne Vojany on the environment, January 2005

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2005-02-01

    The Elektrarne Vojany plant (fossil power plant Vojany) is located in Eastern Slovakia in the district of Michalovce, consisting of two generating plants: Elektraren Vojany I (EVO I - 6 x 110 MW) and Elektraren Vojany II (EVO II - 6 x 110 MW). In this leaflet the results of monitoring on the Elektrarne Vojany (EVO), power plants of the Slovenske elektrarne, a.s., are presented. In January 2005 the following quantity of sulfur dioxide were emitted in EVO I in blocks (B): 12.975 tonnes (t) in B11+B12; 190.402 t in EVO B13; 141.949 t in B14; 12.487 t in B15 and 17.807 t in B16; and in EVO II: 5 kg in B23. During January 2005 in these plants it was emitted of 208,065 t of carbon dioxide (of 2,797653 t of quota for 2005, and 8,392,959 t of quota for 2005-2007 years). Pollution of air and water as well as wastes production are reported

  16. Influence of exploitation of the Elektrarne Vojany on the environment during May 2006

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2006-06-01

    The Elektrarne Vojany plant (fossil power plant Vojany) is located in Eastern Slovakia in the district of Michalovce, consisting of two generating plants: Elektraren Vojany I (EVO I - 6 x 110 MW) and Elektraren Vojany II (EVO II - 6 x 110 MW). In this leaflet the results of monitoring on the Elektrarne Vojany (EVO), power plants of the Slovenske elektrarne, a.s., are presented. In May 2006 the following quantity of sulfur dioxide were emitted in EVO I in blocks (B): 17.882 tonnes (t) in B11+B12; 29.815 t in B15 and 5.462 t in B16. In May 2006 these plants emitted totally 182,122 t of carbon dioxide and during 2006 in these plants my emitted 1,698,529 t of carbon dioxide, yet (of 2,797,653 t of quota for 2006, and 8,392,959 t of quota for 2005-2007 years). Pollution of air and water as well as wastes production are reported

  17. Influence of exploitation of the Elektrarne Vojany on the environment, July 2005

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2005-08-01

    The Elektrarne Vojany plant (fossil power plant Vojany) is located in Eastern Slovakia in the district of Michalovce, consisting of two generating plants: Elektraren Vojany I (EVO I - 6 x 110 MW) and Elektraren Vojany II (EVO II - 6 x 110 MW). In this leaflet the results of monitoring on the Elektrarne Vojany (EVO), power plants of the Slovenske elektrarne, a.s., are presented. In July 2005 the following quantity of sulfur dioxide were emitted in EVO I in blocks (B): 365.484 tonnes (t) i B13; 498.080 t in EVO B14; 31.401 t in B15; 19.296 t in B16. In July 2005 these plants emitted totally 195,178 t of carbon dioxide and during 2005 in these plants may emitted 1,368,346 t of carbon dioxide, yet (of 2,797,653 t of quota for 2005, and 8,392,959 t of quota for 2005-2007 years). Pollution of air and water as well as wastes production are reported

  18. Influence of exploitation of the Elektrarne Vojany on the environment during July 2006

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2006-08-01

    The Elektrarne Vojany plant (fossil power plant Vojany) is located in Eastern Slovakia in the district of Michalovce, consisting of two generating plants: Elektraren Vojany I (EVO I - 6 x 110 MW) and Elektraren Vojany II (EVO II - 6 x 110 MW). In this leaflet the results of monitoring on the Elektrarne Vojany (EVO), power plants of the Slovenske elektrarne, a.s., are presented. In July 2006 the following quantity of sulfur dioxide were emitted in EVO I in blocks (B): 11.296 tonnes (t) in B11+B12; 23.350 t in EVO B13; 101.352 t in B14; 40.445 t in B15 and 45.051 t in B16. In July 2006 these plants emitted totally 217,867 t of carbon dioxide and during 2006 in these plants my emitted 1,285,752 t of carbon dioxide, yet (of 2,797,653 t of quota for 2006, and 8,392,959 t of quota for 2005-2007 years). Pollution of air and water as well as wastes production are reported

  19. Influence of exploitation of the Elektrarne Vojany on the environment during December 2005

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2006-01-01

    The Elektrarne Vojany plant (fossil power plant Vojany) is located in Eastern Slovakia in the district of Michalovce, consisting of two generating plants: Elektraren Vojany I (EVO I - 6 x 110 MW) and Elektraren Vojany II (EVO II - 6 x 110 MW). In this leaflet the results of monitoring on the Elektrarne Vojany (EVO), power plants of the Slovenske elektrarne, a.s., are presented. In December 2005 the following quantity of sulfur dioxide were emitted in EVO I in blocks (B): 8.916 tonnes (t) in B11+B12; 266.538 t in EVO B13; 469.489 t in B14; 18.342 t in B15 and 17.640 t in B16; and in EVO II: 5.0 kg in B21; 12.0 kg in B23. In December 2005 these plants emitted totally 258,470 t of carbon dioxide and during 2005 in these plants my emitted 229,923 t of carbon dioxide, yet (of 2,797,653 t of quota for 2005, and 8,392,959 t of quota for 2005-2007 years). Pollution of air and water as well as wastes production are reported

  20. Influence of exploitation of the Elektrarne Vojany on the environment, May 2005

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2005-06-01

    The Elektrarne Vojany plant (fossil power plant Vojany) is located in Eastern Slovakia in the district of Michalovce, consisting of two generating plants: Elektraren Vojany I (EVO I - 6 x 110 MW) and Elektraren Vojany II (EVO II - 6 x 110 MW). In this leaflet the results of monitoring on the Elektrarne Vojany (EVO), power plants of the Slovenske elektrarne, a.s., are presented. In May 2005 the following quantity of sulfur dioxide were emitted in EVO I in blocks (B): 12.975 tonnes (t) in B11+B12; 190.402 t in EVO B13; 141.949 t in B14; 12.487 t in B15 and 17.807 t in B16; and in EVO II: 5 kg in B23. In May 2005 these plants emitted totally 223,741 t of carbon dioxide and during 2005 in these plants it was emitted of 1,041,790 t of carbon dioxide sulfur dioxide (of 2,797,653 t of quota for 2005, and 8,392,959 t of quota for 2005-2007 years). Pollution of air and water as well as wastes production are reported

  1. Influence of exploitation of the Elektrarne Vojany on the environment during October 2006

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2006-12-01

    The Elektrarne Vojany plant (fossil power plant Vojany) is located in Eastern Slovakia in the district of Michalovce, consisting of two generating plants: Elektraren Vojany I (EVO I - 6 x 110 MW) and Elektraren Vojany II (EVO II - 6 x 110 MW). In this leaflet the results of monitoring on the Elektrarne Vojany (EVO), power plants of the Slovenske elektrarne, a.s., are presented. In October 2006 the following quantity of sulfur dioxide were emitted in EVO I in blocks (B): 23.786 tonnes (t) in B11+B12; 25.189 t in EVO B13; 57.438 t in B14; 37.132 t in B15 and 25.118 t in B16. In September and October 2006 these plants emitted totally 230,065 t and 223,718 t of carbon dioxide, respectively, and during 2006 in these plants my emitted 588,786 t of carbon dioxide, yet (of 2,797,653 t of quota for 2006, and 8,392,959 t of quota for 2005-2007 years). Pollution of air and water as well as wastes production are reported

  2. Influence of exploitation of the Elektrarne Vojany on the environment during November 2005

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2005-12-01

    The Elektrarne Vojany plant (fossil power plant Vojany) is located in Eastern Slovakia in the district of Michalovce, consisting of two generating plants: Elektraren Vojany I (EVO I - 6 x 110 MW) and Elektraren Vojany II (EVO II - 6 x 110 MW). In this leaflet the results of monitoring on the Elektrarne Vojany (EVO), power plants of the Slovenske elektrarne, a.s., are presented. In November 2005 the following quantity of sulfur dioxide were emitted in EVO I in blocks (B): 18.828 tonnes (t) in B11+B12; 14.865 t in EVO B13; 268.665 t in B14; 36.435 t in B15 and 14.857 t in B16. In November 2005 these plants emitted totally 217,528 t of carbon dioxide and during 2005 in these plants my emitted 747,680 t of carbon dioxide, yet (of 2,797,653 t of quota for 2005, and 8,392,959 t of quota for 2005-2007 years). Pollution of air and water as well as wastes production are reported

  3. Influence of exploitation of the Elektrarne Vojany on the environment, February 2005

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2005-03-01

    The Elektrarne Vojany plant (fossil power plant Vojany) is located in Eastern Slovakia in the district of Michalovce, consisting of two generating plants: Elektraren Vojany I (EVO I - 6 x 110 MW) and Elektraren Vojany II (EVO II - 6 x 110 MW). In this leaflet the results of monitoring on the Elektrarne Vojany (EVO), power plants of the Slovenske elektrarne, a.s., are presented. In February 2005 the following quantity of sulfur dioxide were emitted in EVO I in blocks (B): 13.403 tonnes (t) in B11+B12; 73.614 t in B14; 22.667 t in B15 and 24.495 t in B16; and in EVO II: 1,426 kg in B22; 5 kg in B23 and 57 kg in B24. In February 2005 these plants emitted totally 208,102 t of carbon dioxide and during 2005 in these plants it was emitted of 409,923 t of carbon dioxide (of 2,797653 t of quota for 2005, and 8,392,959 t of quota for 2005-2007 years). Pollution of air and water as well as wastes production are reported

  4. Influence of exploitation of the Elektrarne Vojany on the environment during October 2005

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2005-11-01

    The Elektrarne Vojany plant (fossil power plant Vojany) is located in Eastern Slovakia in the district of Michalovce, consisting of two generating plants: Elektraren Vojany I (EVO I - 6 x 110 MW) and Elektraren Vojany II (EVO II - 6 x 110 MW). In this leaflet the results of monitoring on the Elektrarne Vojany (EVO), power plants of the Slovenske elektrarne, a.s., are presented. In October 2005 the following quantity of sulfur dioxide were emitted in EVO I in blocks (B): 13.349 tonnes (t) in B11+B12; 61.145 t in EVO B13; 192.674 t in B14; 25.566 t in B15 and 13.981 t in B16. In October 2005 these plants emitted totally 217,528 t of carbon dioxide and during 2005 in these plants my emitted 747,680 t of carbon dioxide, yet (of 2,797,653 t of quota for 2005, and 8,392,959 t of quota for 2005-2007 years). Pollution of air and water as well as wastes production are reported

  5. Influence of exploitation of the Elektrarne Vojany on the environment, August 2005

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2005-09-01

    The Elektrarne Vojany plant (fossil power plant Vojany) is located in Eastern Slovakia in the district of Michalovce, consisting of two generating plants: Elektraren Vojany I (EVO I - 6 x 110 MW) and Elektraren Vojany II (EVO II - 6 x 110 MW). In this leaflet the results of monitoring on the Elektrarne Vojany (EVO), power plants of the Slovenske elektrarne, a.s., are presented. In August 2005 the following quantity of sulfur dioxide were emitted in EVO I in blocks (B): 17.408 tonnes (t) in B11+B12; 58.059 t in B14; 36.798 t in B15 and 30.275 t in B16. In August 2005 these plants emitted totally 161,757 t of carbon dioxide and during 2005 in these plants may emitted 1,368,346 t of carbon dioxide, yet (of 2,797,653 t of quota for 2005, and 8,392,959 t of quota for 2005-2007 years). Pollution of air and water as well as wastes production are reported

  6. Influence of exploitation of the Elektrarne Vojany on the environment during September 2005

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2005-10-01

    The Elektrarne Vojany plant (fossil power plant Vojany) is located in Eastern Slovakia in the district of Michalovce, consisting of two generating plants: Elektraren Vojany I (EVO I - 6 x 110 MW) and Elektraren Vojany II (EVO II - 6 x 110 MW). In this leaflet the results of monitoring on the Elektrarne Vojany (EVO), power plants of the Slovenske elektrarne, a.s., are presented. In September 2005 the following quantity of sulfur dioxide were emitted in EVO I in blocks (B): 25.769 tonnes (t) in B11+B12; 36.951 t in EVO B13; 250.809 t in B14; 29.977 t in B15 and 35.549 t in B16. In September 2005 these plants emitted totally 241,381 t of carbon dioxide and during 2005 in these plants my emitted 965,208 t of carbon dioxide, yet (of 2,797,653 t of quota for 2005, and 8,392,959 t of quota for 2005-2007 years). Pollution of air and water as well as wastes production are reported

  7. Influence of exploitation of the Elektrarne Vojany on the environment during April 2006

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2006-05-01

    The Elektrarne Vojany plant (fossil power plant Vojany) is located in Eastern Slovakia in the district of Michalovce, consisting of two generating plants: Elektraren Vojany I (EVO I - 6 x 110 MW) and Elektraren Vojany II (EVO II - 6 x 110 MW). In this leaflet the results of monitoring on the Elektrarne Vojany (EVO), power plants of the Slovenske elektrarne, a.s., are presented. In April 2006 the following quantity of sulfur dioxide were emitted in EVO I in blocks (B): 16.793 tonnes (t) in B11+B12; 13.894 t in B15 and 16.312 t in B16. In April 2006 these plants emitted totally 164,205 t of carbon dioxide and during 2006 in these plants my emitted 1,880,651 t of carbon dioxide, yet (of 2,797,653 t of quota for 2006, and 8,392,959 t of quota for 2005-2007 years). Pollution of air and water as well as wastes production are reported

  8. Influence of exploitation of the Elektrarne Vojany on the environment during March 2006

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2006-04-01

    The Elektrarne Vojany plant (fossil power plant Vojany) is located in Eastern Slovakia in the district of Michalovce, consisting of two generating plants: Elektraren Vojany I (EVO I - 6 x 110 MW) and Elektraren Vojany II (EVO II - 6 x 110 MW). In this leaflet the results of monitoring on the Elektrarne Vojany (EVO), power plants of the Slovenske elektrarne, a.s., are presented. In March 2006 the following quantity of sulfur dioxide were emitted in EVO I in blocks (B): 9.898 tonnes (t) in B11+B12; 48.708 t in EVO B13; 0 t in B14; 14.952 t in B15 and 38.550 t in B16. In March 2006 these plants emitted totally 206,001 t of carbon dioxide and during 2006 in these plants my emitted 2,061,943 t of carbon dioxide, yet (of 2,797,653 t of quota for 2006, and 8,392,959 t of quota for 2005-2007 years). Pollution of air and water as well as wastes production are reported

  9. Influence of exploitation of the Elektrarne Vojany on the environment during January 2006

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2006-02-01

    The Elektrarne Vojany plant (fossil power plant Vojany) is located in Eastern Slovakia in the district of Michalovce, consisting of two generating plants: Elektraren Vojany I (EVO I - 6 x 110 MW) and Elektraren Vojany II (EVO II - 6 x 110 MW). In this leaflet the results of monitoring on the Elektrarne Vojany (EVO), power plants of the Slovenske elektrarne, a.s., are presented. In January 2006 the following quantity of sulfur dioxide were emitted in EVO I in blocks (B): 19.272 tonnes (t) in B11+B12; 294.948 t in EVO B13; 392.070 t in B14; 41.229 t in B15 and 31.833 t in B16; and in EVO II: 0.015 kg in B23; 0.047 kg in B24. In January 2006 these plants emitted totally 322,000 t of carbon dioxide and during 2006 in these plants my emitted 2,475,653 t of carbon dioxide, yet (of 2,797,653 t of quota for 2006, and 8,392,959 t of quota for 2005-2007 years). Pollution of air and water as well as wastes production are reported

  10. Influence of exploitation of the Elektrarne Vojany on the environment, June 2005

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2005-07-01

    The Elektrarne Vojany plant (fossil power plant Vojany) is located in Eastern Slovakia in the district of Michalovce, consisting of two generating plants: Elektraren Vojany I (EVO I - 6 x 110 MW) and Elektraren Vojany II (EVO II - 6 x 110 MW). In this leaflet the results of monitoring on the Elektrarne Vojany (EVO), power plants of the Slovenske elektrarne, a.s., are presented. In July 2005 the following quantity of sulfur dioxide were emitted in EVO I in blocks (B): 12.961 tonnes (t) in B11+B12; 69.628 t in EVO B13; 161.626 t in B14; 48.613 t in B15 and 26.308 t in B16. In June 2005 these plants emitted totally 191,465 t of carbon dioxide and during 2005 in these plants it was emitted of 1,232,764 t of carbon dioxide sulfur dioxide (of 2,797,653 t of quota for 2005, and 8,392,959 t of quota for 2005-2007 years). Pollution of air and water as well as wastes production are reported

  11. Influence of exploitation of the Elektrarne Vojany on the environment, April 2005

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2005-05-01

    The Elektrarne Vojany plant (fossil power plant Vojany) is located in Eastern Slovakia in the district of Michalovce, consisting of two generating plants: Elektraren Vojany I (EVO I - 6 x 110 MW) and Elektraren Vojany II (EVO II - 6 x 110 MW). In this leaflet the results of monitoring on the Elektrarne Vojany (EVO), power plants of the Slovenske elektrarne, a.s., are presented. In May 2005 the following quantity of sulfur dioxide were emitted in EVO I in blocks (B): 6.543 tonnes (t) in B11+B12; 431.337 t in EVO B13; 415.883 t in B14; 10.462 t in B15 and 0.034 t in B16. In April 2005 these plants emitted totally 199,824 t of carbon dioxide and during 2005 in these plants it was emitted of 818,217 t of carbon dioxide (of 2,797,653 t of quota for 2005, and 8,392,959 t of quota for 2005-2007 years). Pollution of air and water as well as wastes production are reported

  12. Influence of exploitation of the Elektrarne Vojany on the environment during August 2006

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2006-09-01

    The Elektrarne Vojany plant (fossil power plant Vojany) is located in Eastern Slovakia in the district of Michalovce, consisting of two generating plants: Elektraren Vojany I (EVO I - 6 x 110 MW) and Elektraren Vojany II (EVO II - 6 x 110 MW). In this leaflet the results of monitoring on the Elektrarne Vojany (EVO), power plants of the Slovenske elektrarne, a.s., are presented. In August 2006 the following quantity of sulfur dioxide were emitted in EVO I in blocks (B): 7.026 tonnes (t) in B11+B12; 109.943 t in EVO B13; 226.100 t in B14; 52.929 t in B15 and 43.966 t in B16. In August 2006 these plants emitted totally 243,183 t of carbon dioxide and during 2006 in these plants my emitted 1,042,569 t of carbon dioxide, yet (of 2,797,653 t of quota for 2006, and 8,392,959 t of quota for 2005-2007 years). Pollution of air and water as well as wastes production are reported

  13. An operational approach to standard nuclear process model (SNPM) and SAP nuclear software implementation at Slovenske Elektrarne

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Warren, C.C.

    2010-01-01

    Benchmarking efforts in the fall of 2006 showed significant performance gaps in multiple measured processes between the Slovenske Elektrarne (SE) nuclear organization and the highest performing nuclear organizations in the world. While overall performance of the SE nuclear fleet was good and in the second quartile, when compared to the worldwide population of Pressurized Water Reactors (PWR), SE leadership set new goals to improve safety and operational performance to the first decile of the worldwide PWR Fleet. To meet these goals the SE nuclear team initiated a project to identify and implement the Best Practice nuclear processes in multiple areas. The benchmarking process identified the Standard Nuclear Performance Model (SNPM), used in the US nuclear fleet, as the industry best practice process model. The Slovenske Elektrarne nuclear management team used various change management techniques to clearly establish the case for organizational and process change within the nuclear organization. The project organization established by the SE nuclear management team relied heavily on functional line organization personnel to gain early acceptance of the project goals and methods thereby reducing organizational opposition to the significant organizational and process changes. The choice of a standardized process model used, all or in part, by approximately one third of the nuclear industry worldwide greatly facilitated the development and acceptance of the changes. Use of a nuclear proven templated software platform significantly reduced development and testing efforts for the resulting fully integrated solution. In the spring of 2007 SE set in motion a set of initiatives that has resulted in a significant redesign of most processes related to nuclear plant maintenance and continuous improvement. Significant organizational structure changes have been designed and implemented to align the organization to the SNPM processes and programs. The completion of the initial

  14. An operational approach to standard nuclear process model (SNPM) and SAP nuclear software implementation at Slovenske Elektrarne

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Warren, C.C. [Nuclear Power Plants Operation Department, Slovenske Elektrarne, a.s., Mlynske nivy 47, 821 09 Bratislava (Slovakia)

    2010-07-01

    Benchmarking efforts in the fall of 2006 showed significant performance gaps in multiple measured processes between the Slovenske Elektrarne (SE) nuclear organization and the highest performing nuclear organizations in the world. While overall performance of the SE nuclear fleet was good and in the second quartile, when compared to the worldwide population of Pressurized Water Reactors (PWR), SE leadership set new goals to improve safety and operational performance to the first decile of the worldwide PWR Fleet. To meet these goals the SE nuclear team initiated a project to identify and implement the Best Practice nuclear processes in multiple areas. The benchmarking process identified the Standard Nuclear Performance Model (SNPM), used in the US nuclear fleet, as the industry best practice process model. The Slovenske Elektrarne nuclear management team used various change management techniques to clearly establish the case for organizational and process change within the nuclear organization. The project organization established by the SE nuclear management team relied heavily on functional line organization personnel to gain early acceptance of the project goals and methods thereby reducing organizational opposition to the significant organizational and process changes. The choice of a standardized process model used, all or in part, by approximately one third of the nuclear industry worldwide greatly facilitated the development and acceptance of the changes. Use of a nuclear proven templated software platform significantly reduced development and testing efforts for the resulting fully integrated solution. In the spring of 2007 SE set in motion a set of initiatives that has resulted in a significant redesign of most processes related to nuclear plant maintenance and continuous improvement. Significant organizational structure changes have been designed and implemented to align the organization to the SNPM processes and programs. The completion of the initial

  15. Restructuring of the Slovenske elektrarne, p.l.s. and their influence on economy of the Slovak Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Horvat, J.

    2003-01-01

    In this paper author deals with privatization of Slovenske elektrarne (SE), a.s. Bratislava and their influence on economy of the Slovak Republic. Country made the first step in privatization in the case of SE at the beginning of 90's by transformation of state enterprise to a. s. with state dominant position (95.8% of stocks was held by Fond narodneho majetku (National Property Fund), the rest was divided between SPP, a.s. and Restitucny investicny fond (Restitution capital fund). In the next phase two newly founded separate a.s. TEKO, a.s. (Teplaren Kosice) and SEPS, a.s. (Slovenska elektrizacna prenosova sustava) were set aside from a.s. Government adopted two basic variants of sale of SE, a.s. stocks by resolution N. 700/2002. Possible variants of SE privatisation are discussed. Energy position of Slovak Republic in European context is relatively favourable in present time because production capacities exceed domestic consumption and part of energy (up to 600 MWh) is exported. Future of thermal power plants Novaky and Vojany is interrogative because of tightened ecological norms, besides Slovak Republic undertook to lay up both blocks of Bohunice NPP V1. Forecasts show that Slovak Republic will stop to be self-sufficient in electric power production about 2010. (Author)

  16. Vladimir Prelog i Zavod za organsku kemiju

    OpenAIRE

    Jakopčić, K.

    2007-01-01

    The Department of organic chemistry was founded on October 1st, 1922 as part of the Chemical Engineering Department of the High Technical School in Zagreb. The first-appointed professor of organic chemistry was Ivan Marek, formerly the professor at the School of Trade in Zagreb. The High Technical School with all its departments was soon (1926/27) incorporated into the University of Zagreb and became the nucleus of the Technical Faculty. The management of the faculty was fully aware of the ne...

  17. Vladimir Prelog i Zavod za organsku kemiju

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jakopčić, K.

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available The Department of organic chemistry was founded on October 1st, 1922 as part of the Chemical Engineering Department of the High Technical School in Zagreb. The first-appointed professor of organic chemistry was Ivan Marek, formerly the professor at the School of Trade in Zagreb. The High Technical School with all its departments was soon (1926/27 incorporated into the University of Zagreb and became the nucleus of the Technical Faculty. The management of the faculty was fully aware of the necessity to engage the best scientists in the field as faculty professors. As far as organic chemistry was concerned, there was no better choice in the mid 1930's, than to invite young but already recognized organic chemist Dr. Vladimir Prelog to join the staff and to succeed professor Marek, who retired in 1935. Dr. Prelog did not hesitate to accept the invitation and was eager to continue his scientific work in an academic laboratory in Zagreb. At the time of the invitation, Dr. Prelog was engaged in a small laboratory synthesizing special samples of rare chemicals to be sold through the chemical store "Dřiza" in Prague. There he was provided the modest opportunity to carry on his own research, and together with Rudolf Lukeš and Emil Votoček, published a number of papers concerning organic synthesis and chemistry of natural products. Elected in Zagreb for the lectureship of the assistant professor in organic chemistry, Prelog started teaching as early as in the summer semester of 1934/35. The ingenious and bright lecturing of young professor Prelog inspired his students, and many of them were attracted to organic chemistry. On the other hand, the working conditions in the disposable laboratory of the Organic Chemistry Department were too modest to accept a number of students. The budget was so small that it only covered tuition, while there was no research fund at the faculty. Luckily, Dr. Prelog did not hesitate to accept an offer for scientific co-operation from the small but prosperous pharmaceutical company "Kaštel" in Zagreb. On behalf of the agreement, Prelog and his department obtained funds to fit up the laboratory and to start very prosperous research in the synthesis and studies of pharmaceutically interesting compounds. With his assistants, students and other collaborators, Prelog started research of cinchona bark alkaloids, preferentially oriented to the synthesis of quinine. For example, Prelog's method of double intramolecular alkylation to synthetize the quinuclidine moiety of quinine was patented by "Kaštel". With R. Seiwerth he developed the first useful synthesis of adamantane. Prelog's group started research in the field of sulphonamides and commercial success of "Streptazole" stimulated the development of the research laboratories within "Kaštel". The collaboration in the research continued in fields of other chemotherapeutics, analeptics, spasmolitics, barbiturates etc. Within the period 1935-1941, Prelog published 48 scientific papers and 8 patents. In less than seven years, his results enormously influenced the entire organic chemistry in Zagreb till nowadays. Under the confused and uncertain circumstances caused by the beginning of World War II, Prelog left Zagreb in 1941 and continued his extraordinary scientific career at the ETH in Zürich.During the war (1942-1945 the tuition and the Department were run by Dr. Rativoj Seiwerth, former collaborator and first assistant to V. Prelog. In almost unbelievable conditions, the young assistant, then assistant professor (since January 1943, R. Seiwerth fully succeeded in continuing most activities founded by Professor Prelog. After the war (1945, R. Seiwerth was forced to resign. Nevertheless, soon after R. Seiwerth continued his research work, firstly in the Institute for Industrial Research in Zagreb (1946-1952, and later in the Research Institute of "Pliva" in Zagreb. He retired in 1980.In post-war conditions (1945/46, the activity of the Technical Faculty and its Organic Chemistry Department was restored. The tuition and leading of the Department were offered to Dr. Viktor Hahn, former student and Prelog's collaborator since 1936. The influence of Professor V. Hahn on the development of the Technical Faculty and the Department of Organic Chemistry in the period 1945-1970 (V. Hahn ceased on May 17, 1970 was enormous. Thanks to the well-established research and tuition in the Department, his former students and colleagues have successfully continued the work until today.

  18. V Paldiski postrojat novõi zavod

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    AS Biodiesel sõlmis 1. augustil lepingu rahvusvahelise kontserniga Desmet Ballestra biodiisli tehase tehnoloogia tarnimiseks. Ligi 300 miljonit krooni maksma minev tehas rajatakse Paldiski Lõunasadmasse

  19. Reactions of Hot Tritium Atoms with Amino Acids; Reactions entre Atomes Chauds de Tritium et Acides Amines; Reaktsii goryachikh atomov tritiya s aminokislotami; Reacciones de Atomos de Tritio Calientes con Aminoacidos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Simonov, E. F.; Nesmejanov, An. N. [Moskovskij Gosudarstvennyj Universitet, Moskva, SSSR (Russian Federation)

    1965-04-15

    investigaron los rendimientos de las reacciones de los atomos calientes de tritio: a) con aminoacidos, de longitud de cadena creciente; b) con aminoacidos de longitud de cadena constante, pero que contenian distintos grupos funcionales. Con esta finalidad irradiaron durante 15 min, con un flujo de 0,87 * 10{sup 13} neutrones lentos/cm{sup 2} * s, mezclas de carbonato de litio con los aminoacidos que se querian estudiar. Efectuaron los analisis cromato- graficos en fase gaseosa con ayuda de columnas intercambiables (tamices moleculares, parafina liquida en diatomeas) asi como por cromatografia sobre papel. Los datos obtenidos acerca de la resistencia a la radiolisis de los aminoacidos en funcion de la longitud de la cadena carbonada, aunque esten en contradiccion con una de las reglas fundamentales de la radioquimica, a saber, que la resistencia de las moleculas aumenta con el aumento de la longitud de su cadena, pueden explicarse por la transferencia intramolecular de energia a lo largo de la cadena carbonada, desde el lugar de impacto del atomo caliente al grupo oxidrilo y su subsiguiente ''desexcitacion''. En cambio, si bien la energia de los atomos de retroceso del tritio es mayor que la energia de enlace quimico, esta ultima influye en la resistencia a la radiolisis de las moleculas cuya longitud de cadena es la misma, pero que contienen distintos grupos funcionales. (author) [Russian] V literature v nastojashhee vremja otsutstvujut sistematicheskie dannye o vzaimodejstvii atomov otdachi tritija s aminokislotami. V to zhe vremja, takie dannye v sochetanii s imejushhimisja rezul'tatami dlja organicheskih kislot i aminov mogli by pomoch' ustanovit' mehanizm gorjachih reakcij, v zavisimosti ot struktury soedinenij (dlina cepi, funkcional'nye zamestiteli). Byli issledovany vyhody reakcii gorjachih atomov tritija: 1) s aminokislotami pri uvelichenii dliny cepi poslednih, 2) s aminokislotami odnoj dliny uglerodnoj cepi, no raznymi funkcional'nymi zamestiteljami. Dlja jetoj celi

  20. The Reactions of Hot Fluorine-18 with Gaseous Carbon Tetrafluoride; Reactions des Atomes {sup 18}F Chauds avec le Tetrafluorure de Carbone en Phase Gazeuse; Reaktsii goryachikh atomov ftora-18 s gazovoj fazoj tetraftormetana; Reacciones de Atomos Calientes de Fluor-18 con Tetrafluoruro de Carbono Gaseoso

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Colebourne, N.; Todd, J. F.J.; Wolfgang, R. [Yale University, New Haven, CT (United States)

    1965-04-15

    con tetrafluoruro de carbono. Se expusieron muestras gaseosas al haz de 40 a 60 MeV (maximo) de radiaciones de frenado del acelerador de electrones de la Universidad de Yale. En virtud de la reaccion {sup 19}F ({gamma}, n) {sup 18}F se produce {sup 18}F con una energia cinetica del orden de 10{sup 5} a 10{sup 6} eV. Estas especies pierden energia por choque y se espera que alcancen el intervalo de energias 'quimicas' (< 100 eV) como atomos en el estado fundamental. Se comprobo que el etileno constituye un buen depurador para los atomos de {sup 18}F termicos. El analisis de los productos se efectuo por tecnicas corrientes de radiocromatografia en fase gaseosa. Se encontro que el sistema es bastante sensible a los danos producidos por radiaciones externas, por lo que se adoptaron precauciones para evitar la penetracion de estas. Se observaron reacciones de desplazamiento calientes analogas a las que se producen con hidrogeno caliente, pero de rendimiento mucho menos elevado, {sup 18}F + {sup 4}CF --> CF{sub 3}{sup 18}F + F, {sup 18}F + CF{sub 4} --> CF{sub 2}{sup 18}F + (F + F), No fue posible estudiar directamente la reaccion de abstraccion {sup 18}F + CF{sub 4} --> CF{sub 3} + F{sup 18}F. pero pruebas indirectas sugieren que su rendimiento es tambien reducido. Se ha estudiado detalladamente el efecto de un moderador sobre el sistema {sup 18}F + CF{sub 4}. Los datos experimentales se analizaron con ayuda de la teoria cinetica de las reacciones calientes. Se encontro que el sistema se ajusta a este formalismo, lo cual confirma cuantitativamente la interpretacion actual de los resultados. Los sistemas tetrafluoruro de carbono y metano han servido de.base para formular algunas hipotesis sobre los mecanismos de reaccion de los atomos calientes de fluor. A juicio de los autores, el modelo establecido para los atomos calientes de hidrogeno puede, con ciertas modificaciones logicas, aplicarse a dichos sistemas. (author) [Russian] Soobshhaetsja o reakcijah gorjachih atomov F

  1. Quantitative Studies of the Reactions of Hot Tritium Atoms with Hydrocarbons and Hydrocarbon Mixtures; Etudes Quantitatives des Reactions des Atomes Chauds de Tritium avec les Hydrocarbures et les Melanges d'Hydrocarbures; Kolichestvennoe issledovanie reaktsij goryachikh atomov tritiya s gidrouglerodami i smesyami gidrouglerodov; Estudio Cuantitativo de las Reacciones de Atomos de Tritio Calientes con Hidrocarburos y Mezclas de Hidrocarburos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Urch, D. S.; Welch, M. J. [Department Of Chemistry, Queen Mary College. University of London, London (United Kingdom)

    1965-04-15

    , producido por la reaccion {sup 3}He(n, p){sup 3}H, con los siguientes sistemas (todos los cuales contienen oxigeno como depurador); etano con helio como moderador, butano con helio como moderador, neopentano con helio como moderador, etano y butano con y sin helio como moderador, etano y neopentano con y sin helio como moderador. Los autores calculan los valores de a y de I para las tres especies reactivas, a partir de los tres tipos de sistemas, y discuten la concordancia entre los resultados, en relacion con la exactitud del modelo. Los resultados obtenidos para los diferentes sistemas son compatibles dentro de los limites del error experimental, lo que indica que el modelo de la teoria cinetica puede aplicarse a los sistemas de atomos calientes con cierta confianza y que las hipotesis adoptadas al considerar las mezclas son razonables. Las razones de reactividad de los hidrocarburos en mezclas, en lo que se refiere a las reacciones de sustitucion, no coinciden con las razones del numero de atomos de hidrogeno de los hidrocarburos. Los valores obtenidos para dichos cocientes se explican en funcion de los valores de I y S (la seccion eficaz de colision) correspondientes a los hidrocarburos. (author) [Russian] Kineticheskaja teorija reakcij gorjachih atomov rasprostranjaetsja na obshhuju sistemu dvuh reakcionno sposobnyh vidov i inertnyj zamedlitel'. Iz rezul'tatov s odnim reagirujushhim veshhestvom i zamedlitelem, dvumja reagirujushhimi veshhestvami bez zamedlitelja i dvumja reagirujushhimi veshhestvami s zamedlitelem mozhno vychislit' velichiny ili kojefficienty integrala I reaktivnosti i srednjuju logarifmicheskuju poteri jenergii na stolknovenie a. . Predstavljajutsja novye rezul'taty, poluchennye v rezul'tate reakcii gorjachego tritija v reakcii He{sup 3} (p.r.) H{sup 3} so sledujushhimi sistemami (vse soderzhat akceptor radikalov kisloroda): jetan s gelievym zamedlitelem; butan s gelievym zamedlitelem: tetrametilmetan s gelievym zamedlitelem; jetan i butan s gelievym

  2. Zavodõ jest, biodizelja - net / Viktor Filonenko

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Filonenko, Viktor, 1949-

    2008-01-01

    Eestis on viimastel aastatel loodud mitu biodiislit tootvat ettevõtet, kuid Eestis puuduva nõudluse tõttu biodiislit siin ei müüda. Vt. samas: Taimsest toorainest valmistatakse kütust Paldiskis. Kommenteerivad Kai Realo, Indrek Kaju ja Sven Mark

  3. Young Generation of OAO 'Mashinostroitelny Zavod' Specialists Trends and Prospects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Khryashchev, D.

    2008-01-01

    The paper brings forth the information related to the youth organizations acting at the factory, their policies, provisions of youth incentives, intake of employees to the company, labor motivation. There is also the information on the events, which take place on site, on the arrangements of the young employees' leisure, as well as on the creative and productive potential of the factory. (author)

  4. The Formation of Polymeric Products in Reactions of Polyvalent Recoil Atoms; Formation de Polymeres lors de Reactions Provoquees par des Atomes de Recul Polyvalents; Obrazovanie polimernykh produktov pri reaktsiyakh polivalentnykh atomov otdachi; Formacion de Polimeros en las Reacciones de Atomos de Retroceso Polivalentes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dzantiev, B. G.; Stukan, R. A.; Shvedchikov, A. P.; Shishkov, A. V. [Institut Himicheskoj Fiziki AN SSSR, Moskva, SSSR (Russian Federation)

    1965-04-15

    del 30 al 40% de la actividad total. Por radiocromatografia sobre papel establecieron que los polimeros marcados poseeh una composicion compleja y constituyen una mezcla de por lo menos dos tipos de compuestos cualitativamente diferentes, cuyo rendimiento varia de distinta manera en funcion de la relacion entre los componentes. Un aumento del tiempo de irradiacion se traduce en un mayor rendimiento del polimero marcado. Para el sistema C{sub 6}H{sub 12}-CCl{sub 4} en fase liquida, el peso molecular del polimero se determino por difusion capilar, hallandose valores de 5 000 para el polimero de un tipo y de 500 a 1000 para el otro. Se observo tambien la formacion de un producto marcado de elevado punto de ebullicion al irradiar el CCl{sub 4} puro. Se efectuaron experimentos analogos en un sistema etileno-amoniaco en fase gaseosa a elevada presion, demostrandose que en este caso al irradiar el amoniaco anhidro puro, el principal producto marcado es el {sup 14}CH{sub 4}. Sin embargo, la adicion de pequenas cantidades de etileno hace que una gran parte -hasta el 80% - del {sup 14}C se estabilice en forma de polimero, cuyo rendimiento tambien varia considerablemente al aumentar la proporcion de etileno en el sistema, alcanzando un maximo cuando esta proporcion es del 10 al 15% de C{sub 2}H{sub 4}. Los autores demuestran que cuando el rendimiento del polimero marcado con {sup 14}C se representa en funcion de la composicion, la forma de la curva obtenida no se modifica al aumentar la intensidad de dosis y el flujo neuttonico. (author) [Russian] Odnoj iz osobennostej reakcij gorjachih atomov, poluchajushhihsja v rezul'tate jadernyh prevrashhenij, javljaetsja sposobnost' k obrazovaniju mechenyh polimernyh produktov. Naibolee jarko jeta tendencija projavljaetsja v sluchae polivalentnyh atomov otdachi, prichem vyhod polimera mozhet dostigat' v otdel'nyh sluchajah velichiny porjadka 90% ot obshhej aktivnosti. Cel'ju nastojashhej raboty javljaetsja issledovanie obrazovanija

  5. The Effect of Kinetic Energy on the Reactions of Nucleogenic Carbon Atoms with Hydrocarbons; Effet de l'Energie Cinetique sur les Reactions des Atomes de Carbone Nucleogeniques avec des Hydrocarbures; Ehffekt kineticheskoj ehnergii pri reaktsiyakh atomov yadernogenichesko- go ugleroda s uglevodorodami; Efecto de la Energia Cinetica en las Reacciones de Atomos Nucleogenos de Carbono con Hidrocarburos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dubrin, J.; Rosenberg, H.; Wolfgang, R. [Sterling Chemistry Laboratory, Yale University, New Haven, CT (United States); MacKay, C. [Haverford College, Haverford, PA (United States)

    1965-04-15

    -etileno se discuten en funcion de dos mecanismos de insercion previamente propuestos, a saber, la insercion del atomo de carbono en los enlaces C = C y C-H para formar compuestos de adicion C-C{sub 2}H{sub 4}. Al aumentar la concentracion de neon no desaparece ningun producto, pero los rendimientos relativos sufren modificaciones considerables. Los productos tales como el acetileno y el vinil-acetileno que pueden formarse a partir de los compuestos iniciales de adicion C-C{sub 2}H{sub 4}, en virtud de procesos que requieren gran cantidad de energia, disminuyen en importancia, mientras que aumenta el rendimiento de los productos formados por procesos que exigen poca energia, tales como los compuestos C{sub 5}. Algo semejante sucede con el etano. Los estudios por degradacion han mostrado que la distribucion intramolecular de {sup 11}C en el aleno y el metilacetileno formados a partir de etileno es afectada por el efecto moderador del neon. Ello implica la participacion de los enlaces C = C y C-H en la formacion de estos productos, asi como una relacion de dependencia entre la razon de ataque en esos dos tipos de enlace y la energia cinetica del atomo de carbono que interviene en la reaccion. Otros estudios con indicadores dobles acerca de la formacion de acetileno a partir de moleculas sencillas tales como CH{sub 2}CD{sub 2}, CH{sub 3}CH{sub 2}D, CD{sub 3}CDH{sub 2} y a partir de varias mezclas de otros alcanos y alquenos marcados indican que la perdida de energia cinetica por el atomo de carbono ejerce escaso efecto en el indice relativo de ataque en varios tipos de enlace C-H. (author) [Russian] Osnovnaja metodika izuchenija jeffekta kineticheskoj jenergii pri reakcijah atomov ugleroda, obrazuemyh v rezul'tate jadernyh preobrazovanij, svjazana s ispol'zovaniem horosho izvestnogo metoda zamedlenija s pomoshh'ju inertnyh gazov. Odnako jetot metod mozhet sochetat'sja s drugoj metodikoj, kak, naprimer, 1) ispol'zovanie akceptorov radikalov dlja obnaruzhenija processov

  6. The Interaction of C{sup 14} Recoil Atoms in Binary Mixtures; Interaction entre Atomes {sup 14}C de Recul et Composants de Melanges Binaires; Vzaimodejstvie atomov otdachi ugleroda-14 v binarnykh smesyakh; Interaccion de los Atomos de Retroceso del {sup 14}C en Mezclas Binarias

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Firsova, L. P.; Barakat, M. F.; Forys, M.; Nesmejanov, An. N. [Moskovskij Gosudarstvennyj Universitet, Moskva, SSSR (Russian Federation)

    1965-04-15

    } produktah, obrazujushhihsja v rezul'tate vzaimodejstvija atomov ugleroda-14 s komponentami binarnyh zhidkih smesej, soderzhashhih geterociklicheskie soedinenija. V chastnosti, izucheny sistemy indol- anilin, indol- piridin, {alpha}-pikolin -toluol, {alpha}-pikolin-anilin i t.d. Polucheny dannye po zavisimosti radiohimicheskih vyhodov mechenyh produktov ot koncentracii komponentov v oblasti razbavlennyh rastvorov i v oblasti sravnimyh koncentracij veshhestv v smesjah. Pri obrabotke jeksperimental'nyh rezul'tatov po additivnoj sheme bshsh zafiksirovany otklonenija ot pravila additivnosti. Nabljudavshiesja otklonenija traktujutsja kak rezul'tat uchastija vtorogo komponenta sistemy v pervichnyh i vtorichnyh reakcijah soprovozhdajushhih jadernye prevrashhenija. Pri obsuzhdenii roli vtorogo komponenta uchityvajutsja otlichija preobladajushhih mehanizmov ego reakcij v razlichnyh koncentracionnyh intervalah. Rassmatrivajutsja v chastnosti vozmozhnost' mezhmolekuljarnoj peredachi jenergii radiacionnoj zashhity, a takzhe mehanizmy sootvetstvujushhih processov. (author)

  7. The System for Controlling Source and Special Nuclear Material at the Eurochemic Reprocessing Plant; Systeme de Controle des Matieres Nucleaires Brutes et Speciales a l'Usine de Traitement D'Eurochemic; Sistema kontrolya nad iskhodnym i spetsial'nym yadernym materialom na zavode evrokhimicheskoj kompanii po regeneratsii yadernogo topliva; Control de Materiales Nucleares Basicos y de Materiales Fisionables Especiales en la Planta de Regeneracion de la Eurochemic

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Frenzel, W.; Schueller, W. [EUROCHEMIC, MOL (Belgium)

    1966-02-15

    adecuado de los materiales nucleares basicos y de los materiales fisionables especiales, las instalaciones de la compaliia estaran divididas en diversas zonas de balance de materiales. Toda entrada y salida de materiales de estas zonas quedara registrada. Teniendo en cuenta su importancia en relacion con el balance global de materiales, se han fijado distintos requisitos en materia de precision basados en una escala de valores que los autores describen brevemente. Periodicamente se efectuaran inventarios de material a fin de proceder al balance de asientos. Se exponen los correspondientes procedimientos de inventario. Los autores describen los libros utilizados en la contabilidad de los materiales nucleares y enuncian los principios en que se basa el sistema de contabilidad. (author) [Russian] Kompanija Evrohimik v nastojashhee vremja stroit zavod po pererabotke jadernogo topliva okolo Molja (Bel'gija). Summirujutsja glavnye harakteristiki zavoda i razlichnyh stadij obrabotki. Dlja provedenija nadlezhashhego kontrolja nad ishodnym i special'nym jadernym materialom ustanovki kompanii razdeleny na zony material'nogo balansa. Opredeljajutsja vse peremeshhenija v jeti zony i iz nih. B zavisimosti ot vazhnosti jetih materialov dlja obshhego material'nogo balansa ustanovleny razlichnye trebovanija v otnoshenii tochnosti v sootvetstvii so shkaloj vazhnosti, kotoraja kratko opisyvaetsja. Dlja pravil'nogo sostavlenija zhurnal'nogo balansa periodicheski provodjatsja fizicheskie inventarizacii. Izlagajutsja sootvetstvujushhie metody inventarizacii. Daetsja kratkoe opisanie zhurnalov ucheta jadernyh materialov i principov sistemy u cheta. (author)

  8. Adsorption studies at ionized surface layers by means of hot atoms; Etude, a l'aide d'atomes excites, de l'adsorption dans des couches superficielles ionisees; Issledovanie pri pomoshchi goryachikh atomov adsorbtsii na ionizirovannykh poverkhnostnykh sloyakh; Estudios, con ayuda de atomos excitados, de la adsorcion en capas superficiales ionizadas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Avrahami, Menashe; Steiger, Naftali H [Department of Chemistry, Technion - Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa (Israel)

    1962-03-15

    adsorcion de las especies ionizadas, fue posible seguir las reacciones superficiales por las que los aniones organicos adsorbidos inicialmente pasan al estado no ionico. Los autores pudieron deducir la formacion de un jabon acido no ionizado en la superficie y llegar a conclusiones sobre la formacion de micelas en la masa de la solucion, en diversas condiciones experimentales. (author) [Russian] S pomoshch'yu goryachikh atomov mozhno neposredstvenno issledovat' yavleniya adsorbtsii ionov na poverkhnosti rastvorov aktivnykh veshchestv s ionizirovannoj poverkhnost'yu. K takim rastvoram dobavlyayutsya chrezvychajno malye kolichestva sootvetstvuyushchikh radioaktivnykh ionov ili ionov, mogushchikh podvergnut'sya na meste navedennym yadernym pre- obrazovaniyam: ehti iony zamenyayut obychnye sluzhashchie dlya otscheta iony, adsorbirovannye vmeste s pervichnymi organicheskimi ionami. Goryachie atomy s ehnergiej priblizitel'no ot 100 kehv i vplot' do neskol'kikh ehlektronvol't dayut v vode sloi tolshchinoj priblizitel'no ot 1000 angstremov i vplot' do odnomolekulyarnykh. EHto delaet ikh prigodnymi dlya izucheniya chuvstvitel'nogo poverkhnostnogo sloya. Goryachie atomy, vytalkivaemye s poverkhnosti, sobirayutsya i podvergayutsya otschetu. Sredi otdach, ispytyvayushchikh al'fa-raspad, okazalas' podkhodyashchej sistema Bi-212/Tl-208. Putem dal'nejshej razrabotki ehtogo metoda mogli byt' polucheny tsennye svedeniya otnositel'no uslovij adsorbtsii na poverkhnostnykh sloyakh sernokislogo natriya dodetsilovoj kisloty. Kinetika adsorbtsii byla izuchena nablyudeniem vo vremeni za aktivnost'yu sobrannoj otdachi, vyzvannoj adsorbtsiej ionov vismuta. Byli zamereny izotermy adsorbtsii ionov vismuta v funktsii ot massovoj kontsentratsii poverkhnostnogo aktivnogo veshchestva v razlichnykh usloviyakh ionnoj intensivnosti, a takzhe rN i aktivnost' Bi-212. Putem sopostavleniya ehtikh izoterm s izotermami, poluchennymi izmereniem poverkhnostnogo napryazheniya rastvorov i putem podscheta

  9. Slovenske elektrarne, Mochovce nuclear power plant. Safety strategy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1999-01-01

    In this leaflet the Management's declaration is presented. This declaration contains: operation management and quality assurance, plant commissioning, maintenance and repairs, reactor physics, radiation protection, surveillance programmes, events analyses and experience feed-back, accident management procedures and training, emergency planning and preparedness review of safety performance, human resources, and personnel responsibility

  10. Slovenske elektrarne, a.s., Mochovce Nuclear Power Plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1998-01-01

    In this booklet the uranium atom nucleus fission as well as electricity generation in a nuclear power plant (primary circuit, reactor, reactor pressure vessel, fuel assembly, control rod and reactor power control) are explained. Scheme of electricity generation in nuclear power plant and Cross-section of Mochovce Nuclear Power Plant unit are included. In next part a reactor scram, refuelling of fuel, instrumentation and control system as well as principles of nuclear safety and safety improvements are are described

  11. Slovenske elektrarne, a.s., Enterprise Vojany power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2005-01-01

    This brochure describes the Enterprise Vojany power plant (SE-EVO) is described. This is brown coal burning ((EVO II) and natural gas or fuel oil burning (EVO I) power plant. Technical data in detail of SE-EVO as well as results of up-grade of the SE-EVO are presented

  12. Reactions of Hot Hydrogen Atoms with Ethylene. The Role of Excited Ethyl Radicals as Intermediate Products; Reactions des Atomes Chauds d'Hydrogene avec l'Ethylene. Le Role des Radicaux Ethyle Excites Comme Produits Intermediaires; Reaktsiya goryachikh atomov vodoroda s ehtilenom. Rol' vozbuzhdennykh ehtil'nykh radikalov kak promezhutochnykh produktov; Reacciones de Atomos Calientes de Hidrogeno con Etileno Papel de los Radicales Etilicos Excitados como Productos Intermedios

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dzantiev, B. G.; Shvedchikov, A. P. [Institut Himicheskoj Fiziki AN SSSR, SSSR (Russian Federation)

    1965-04-15

    temperatura sobre el rendimiento de C{sub 2}H{sub 6} y C{sub 4}H{sub 10} por radiolisis del C{sub 2}H{sub 4} y fotolisis de mezclas de C{sub 2}H{sub 4} -HI, los autores establecen una hipotesis sobre la formacion de radicales etilicos excitados (C{sub 2}H*{sub 5}). Estos ultimos se obtienen como resultado de la combinacion de atomos de hidrogeno calientes generados por radiolisis o por fotolisis, con el etileno: J* + C{sub 2}H{sub 4} = C{sub 2}H*{sub 5}. Demuestran que el radical C2Hf interviene facilmente en la reaccion C{sub 2}H*{sub 5} + RH = C{sub 2}H{sub 6} + R, que explica el 'exceso' de etano formado durante la radiolisis del etileno. (author) [Russian] Izvestno, chto v rezul'tate jadernyh reakcij Li{sup 6}(n, {alpha})T i He{sup 3}(n, p) T obrazujutsja gorjachie atomy radioaktivnogo vodoroda. Vysokaja himicheskaja aktivnost' takih atomov vo mnogom opredeljaet osobennosti himicheskih posledstvij jadernyh prevrashhenij. Odnako gorjachie atomy vodoroda mogut igrat' sushhestvennuju rol' ne tol'ko v jadernoj himii, no i v drugih oblastjah himii vysokih jenergij: pri radiolize, fotolize i t.d. V nastojashhej rabote sdelana popytka sopostavit' povedenie gorjachih atomov vodoroda, poluchaemyh razlichnym putem: pri reakcii i{sup 6}(n, {alpha})T (E{sub otd} = 2,7 Mjev), radioliticheski (E Tilde-Operator neskol'koojev), fotoliticheski (E Tilde-Operator 1 - 1,5 jev; gorjachij vodorod poluchaetsja iz HJ pri fotolize s {lambda}2537A). V kachestve mishenej dlja poluchenija atomov tritija ispol'zovalis' kristally i plenki Li{sub 2}Co{sub 3}, Li{sup 6}F, Li{sup 6}OH, Li{sup 6}BO{sub 2} * 8H{sub 2}. Oblucheniju podvergali gazoobraznyj jetilen (R = 5-10 atm.) i ego smesi s ammiakom, geliem i ingibitorami. Obluchenie provodilos' na rjoaktore tipa IRT-1000 pri potoke teplovyh nejtronov 10{sup 11} - 10{sup 12} n/cm{sup 2}sek. Mechennye po tritiju soedinenija i produkty radiacionno-himicheskih reakcij opredeljali gazohromatograficheski s pomoshh'ju dvuh posledovatel'no soedinennyh

  13. Young Generation of OAO 'Mashinostroitelny Zavod' Specialists Trends and Prospects

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Khryashchev, D. [OAO ' Mashinostroitelny Zavod' , town of Elektrostal, Moscow region (Russian Federation)

    2008-07-01

    The paper brings forth the information related to the youth organizations acting at the factory, their policies, provisions of youth incentives, intake of employees to the company, labor motivation. There is also the information on the events, which take place on site, on the arrangements of the young employees' leisure, as well as on the creative and productive potential of the factory. (author)

  14. Theory of many-electron atoms. Selected papers. Teoriya mnogoehlektronnykh atomov. Izbrannye trudy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jucys, A P

    1978-01-01

    Selected papers of the founder of contemporary theoretical physics in Lithuania Adolfas Jucys on the theory of many-electron atoms and their spectra are presented, as well as a complete bibliography of his scientific works, a brief biographical essay and description of his scientific and social activities, reminiscences of other scientists about him. In these papers such questions are considered: Fock's self-consistent field in different approximations, various problems of the many-configurational approximation, incomplete separation of variables, expanded calculation method, application of nonorthogonal radial orbitals, method of irreducible tensor operators, graphical representation of the matrix elements and a number of other problems.

  15. K projektu sovětských atomových bomb

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Jindra, Jiří

    2017-01-01

    Roč. 111, č. 7 (2017), s. 472 ISSN 0009-2770 Institutional support: RVO:68378114 Keywords : Soviet Union * atomic bomb s Subject RIV: AB - History OBOR OECD: History (history of science and technology to be 6.3, history of specific sciences to be under the respective headings) Impact factor: 0.387, year: 2016

  16. Anisotropy of the Chemical Shift Tensor for Fluorines in UF{sub 6} : Application to the Fluorine Atom Movement Model; Anisotropie du Tenseur de Deplacement Chimique des Fluors dans UF{sub 6}: Application au Modele du Mouvement des Atomes de Fluor; Anizotropiya tenzora khimicheskogo zameshcheniya ftora v UF{sub 6}. Primenenie k modeli dvizheniya atomov ftora; Anisotropia del Tensor de Desplazamiento Quimico de los Atomos de Fluor en el UF{sub 6}: Aplicacion al Modelo del Movimiento de los Atomos de Fluor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rigny, P. [Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires de Saclay (France)

    1965-10-15

    permanece unos 5 {mu}s en cada una de las posiciones, con una energia de activacion de 0,5 eV aproximadamente. (author) [Russian] Pervoe izuchenie polikristallicheskogo shestiftoristogo urana po metodu magnitnogo rezonansa ftora bylo provedeno R.Blinkom i dr. pri 40Mgc. Napomnim, chto spektr, poluchennyj pri nizkoj temperature (t <-20 Degree-Sign C) mozhno analizirovat' nalozheniem dvuh linij, chto podtverzhdaet strukturu, obnaruzhennuju Hordom i Strupom v rentgenovskih luchah, gde pri nalichii oktajedra UF{sub 6} s odnoj dlinnoj os'ju i dvumja korotkimi osjami atomy ftora raspredeljajutsja mezhdu dvumja mestopolozhenijami. Izmenenie spektra s temperaturoj - slijanie dvuh linij - daet osnovanie predpolagat' o nalichii peremeshhenija atomov ftora mezhdu dvumja mestopolozhenijami. Povtoriv jeti opyty pri 56,4 i 94Mgc, my smogli otmetit' nalichie sil'noj osevoj anizotropii tenzora himicheskogo zameshhenija (okolo 650 chastej na million). Linija pogloshhenija, poluchennaja v jetih uslovijah dlja poroshka, javljaetsja slozhnoj i podlezhit izucheniju, tem bolee esli uchest' funkciju formy f (h), kotoraja predstavljaet soboj prisushhuju chastichke poroshka verojatnost' poluchenija orientacii, vynuzhdajushhej rezonirovat' jetu chastichku pri znachenii h polja. Pri otsutstvii dvizhenija (spektr nizkoj temperatury) funkcija formy dlja kazhdoj iz dvuh linij (sootvetstvujushhaja dvum vidam'mestopolozhenija) poluchaet formu dlja vseh jekvivalentnyh atomov. Izvestno, chto parametry tenzorov himicheskih zameshhenij svidetel'stvujut o haraktere himicheskih svjazej. Takim putem prishli, v chastnosti, k tomu, chtoby pripisat' v osnovnom ionnyj harakter (I Asymptotically-Equal-To 1/2) svjazjam urana s dvumja naibolee udalennymi atomami ftora. Pri nalichii dvizhenija funkcija formy krajne raznoobrazna i zavisit ot tipa dvizhenija. Dlja UF{sub 6} izuchenie pri nalichii anizotropii pokazyvaet, chto atomy ftora odnoj toj zhe molekuly obmenivajutsja mezhdu soboj i chto kazhdyj atom zatrachivaet

  17. On rurality - Sreten Vujović: Rural development sociology, Zavod za udžbenike, Beograd, 2016

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hodžić Alija H.

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This text, both a review and an overview, refers to the notion of rurality, the supporting concept of the collection of papers “Rural Development Sociology”. It points to the complexity and historicity, perception and politics of the social reality that the notion of rurality covers, and to the importance of the Collection for possible rural and regional development policy.

  18. Operation of Slovenske elektrarne sources in the 1st half of 2009

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hroch, A.

    2009-01-01

    Comparing the net production of electricity in SE in the first months of 2009 with 2008 we can see a decrease due to the shutdown of Unit 2 of V1 and only a short increase in week No. 14 and 17 caused by spring rains. The first three months were also influenced by a temporary fees of an electricity producer for system services in electricity export (so called export fees) that disadvantage the sources in Slovakia even at times when the market prices significantly decreased on a year- on- year basis. (author)

  19. Chance for young nuclear professionals in Slovenske Elektrarne, member of Enel Group

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zlatnansky, Jozef

    2014-01-01

    Main areas and opportunities for young nuclear professionals: → Further increase of safety of NPPs in operation and → Construction of two new NPP units; → Safety and efficiency of NPP decommissioning and radwaste treatment; → CENTA and R&D; → Prototype of gas cooled fast-breader reactor - ALLEGRO. Gas-cooled fast reactor (GFR) is one of the Generation IV reactor concepts and represents one of the three European candidate for fast reactor types. Conclusions: • Human resources are key assets for nuclear organization; • Knowledge of nuclear technology be managed as a resource; • Support of young nuclear professionals is our commitment

  20. Analysis of steam generator behaviour in nuclear power plant with computer program RELAP5; Analiza delovanja uparjalnika jedrske elektrarne s programom RELAP5

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zeljko, M; Gregoric, M; Peterlin, G [Institut ' Jozef Stefan' , Ljubljana (Yugoslavia)

    1983-07-01

    Analyses of nuclear power plant behaviour are made with large computer programs. We used RELAP5/MOD1/CYCLE001, which was developed in Idaho National Engineering laboratory. Input model was prepared to analyze transients in steam generator of NPP Krsko. We found out that this version had a lot of faults so we intend to implement a new cycle. First experience shows the whole complexity of such analysis from technical and economical viewpoints. (author)

  1. Calibration of filters for detection of airborne I-131 in the environment of nuclear power plant; Kalibracija filtrov za detekcijo I-131 v zraku okolja jedrske elektrarne

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zupan, M; Miklavzic, U; Pucelj, B [Institut Jozef Stefan, Ljubljana (Yugoslavia)

    1982-07-01

    A simple and clean method for efficiency calibration of filters for collection of airborne I and corresponding Ge(Li) spectrometer is described. As the calibrated source of gaseous I-131 the radiopharmaceutical water solution of NaI is used. As calibration example the absolute activity distribution of I-131 measured in a charcoal filter is shown. (author)

  2. Summary revaluation of cold testing of the first block of nuclear power plant Mochovce; Suhrnne zhodnotenie neaktivneho vyskusania 1. bloku jadrovej elektrarne Mochovce

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miskolci, M; Sarvaic, I [Nuclear Power Plants Research Institute Trnava, Inc., Okruzna 5, 918 64 Trnava (Slovakia)

    1998-04-03

    The document contents summary revaluation of the stage of cold testing of the first unit of nuclear power plant Mochovce. The valuation is processed in individual systems with safety significance. The process and results of system testing and their conclusions for the block readiness for active testing are summarized in the document. The valuation has been elaborated by a scientific management for start-up of nuclear power plant Mochovce as an independent conductor assistance for activation check from the nuclear safety point of view. The valuation of the activation results of systems in the first unit of nuclear power plant was processed as of 15.3.1998 61 figs., 44 tabs., `Translation to english is available from OMEGA INFO, Vysehradska 33, SK-84215 Bratislava, Slovak Republic, E-Mail: kuruc at fns.uniba.sk`

  3. The determination of major radionuclides in the surroundings of thermal power plant Novaky; Stanovenie vyznamnych radionuklidov z okolia tepelnej elektrarne Novaky

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dvorska, L; Dulanska, S [Univerzita Komenskeho v Bratislave, Prirodovedecka fakulta, Katedra jadrovej chemie, 84215 Bratislava (Slovakia)

    2012-04-25

    An important and fundamental fact in the operation of nuclear power plants is that there is no production of greenhouse gases and pollutant emissions especially nitrogen oxides NO{sub x}, carbon oxides CO and CO{sub 2}, sulfur dioxide and fly ash. Alpha radionuclides in fly ash from thermal power Novaky {sup 238}U, {sup 234}U, {sup 235}U, {sup 239,240} Pu, {sup 238}Pu and {sup 241}Am were separated on extraction-chromatographic sorbents TRU Resin and Resin UTEVA involved in the vacuum box in tandem. Samples for the measurement of alpha radionuclides were measured on a double-chamber 576A spectrometer with ULTRA Alpha Detector 600, EG and G ORTEC. There was not detected any increased activity value of uranium isotopes comparing the activity of {sup 238}U and {sup 234}U with the Slovakian Collection of Laws 345/2006. (authors)

  4. Atomic Transport Problems of Interest in Nuclear Systems; Problemes de Transport Atomique Presentant un Interet dans les Systemes Nucleaires; Problemy perenosa atomov, predstavlyayushchie interes v yadernykh sistemakh; Problemas de Transporte Atomico de Interes para la Ingenieria Nuclear

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lundy, T. S.; Winslow, F. R. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, TN (United States)

    1966-02-15

    Several problems encountered in the application of basic diffusion data to systems of practical interest such as those encountered in nuclear engineering will be discussed. These problems will include isothermal diffusion experiments, thermal gradient diffusion and radiation effects on diffusion processes. Most of the reliable information on diffusion in solids has been obtained from cases where there is essentially no concentration gradient of the diffusing species. In systems of interest to nuclear engineers, however, concentration gradients are almost invariably present. Thus, a working knowledge of the relation between self- and chemical-diffusion coefficients is necessary in order to estimate the proper coefficients to use in a given situation. Knowledge of thermodynamic activity coefficients as functions of compositions is necessary additional information. Recently it has been clearly demonstrated that indiscriminate use of an Arrhenius-type expression to describe the temperature dependence of diffusion data may lead to large errors in the prediction of diffusion coefficients. The ramifications of this finding will be discussed with emphasis on refractory, body-centred cubic systems. We have studied, both theoretically and experimentally, the effect of a thermal gradient on the redistribution of substitutional impurities in a metal. Such work has led to an increased appreciation of the importance of this effect in systems of interest in the nuclear field. The enhancement of diffusion by radiation fields remains a problem of justified interest. We have made the first successful direct measurements of the effect of fast-particle bombardment on diffusion in a metal. Our results correlate well with predictions based on a model of the annihilation of excess point defects (vacancies and interstitials) by three mechanisms - migration to homogeneously-distributed fixed sinks such as dislocations, migration to a free surface, and recombination of defects. (author) [French] Les auteurs discutent plusieurs problemes qui surgissent lorsqu'on veut appliquer les constantes fondamentales de diffusion a des systemes presentant un interet pratique, notamment a ceux que l'on rencontre dans le genie nucleaire. Ces problemes comprennent des experiences de diffusion isotherme, la diffusion sous gradient thermique et les effets de rayonnements sur les processus de diffusion. La plupart des donnees dignes de foi sur la diffusion dans les solides ont ete obtenues a partir de cas dans lesquels il n'y avait essentiellement pas de gradient de concentration des especes diffusantes. Toutefois, dans les systemes qui presentent un interet pour les specialistes du genie nucleaire, il y a presque invariablement des gradients de concentration. C'est pourquoi il faut avoir une connaissance pratique de la relation entre les coefficients d'autodiffusion et de diffusion chimique pour pouvoir determiner les coefficients applicables dans chaque cas d'espece. En outre, il faut egalement connaitre les coefficients d'activite thermodynamique en fonction de la composition. Recemment, il a ete clairement demontre qu'il est dangereux d'utiliser aveuglement une expression d'Arrhenius pour decrire les variations de la diffusion selon la temperature, car cela peut entrainer des erreurs considerables dans le calcul theorique des coefficients de diffusion. Les auteurs discutent les consequences qui en decoulent, particulierement pour les systemes cubiques centres refractaires. Ils ont etudie, tant theoriquement qu'experimentalement, l'effet d'un gradient thermique sur la distribution des impuretes de substitution dans un metal. Ces travaux ont permis de mieux apprecier l'importance de cet effet dans des systemes presentant un interet du point de vue nucleaire. L'accroissement de la diffusion par les champs de rayonnements demeure toujours un probleme d'un interet reel. Les auteurs ont fait les premieres mesures directes de l'effet du bombardement par des particules rapides sur la diffusion dans un metal. Leurs resultats sont en bon accord avec les calculs theoriques fondes sur un modele de 1)annihilation de l'excedent de defauts ponctuels (lacunes et interstices) par trois mecanismes, savoir la migration vers des puits fixes dont la distribution est homogene tels que les dislocations, la migration vers une surface libre et la recombinaison de defauts. (author) [Spanish] Se analizan en la memoria varios problemas encontrados al aplicar los datos basicos sobre difusion a sistemas de interes practico para la ingenierfa nuclear. Estos problemas se refieren a experimentos de difusion isotermica, difusion por gradiente termico y efectos de la radiacion sobre los procesos de difusion. La mayor parte de la informacion fidedigna sobre la difusion en solidos proviene de casos donde no existe, en esencia, gradiente alguno de concentracion de las especies que se difunden. Los sistemas que interesan a los ingenieros nucleares, en cambio, presentan casi invariablemente gradientes de concentracion. Asf, pues, para evaluarlos coeficientes adecuados es necesario contar con un conocimiento practico de la relacion existente entre los coeficientes de autodifusiOn y de difusion quimica. Ademas, es preciso conocer los coeficientes de actividad termodinamica como funciones de la composicion. Recientemente se ha demostrado sin lugar a dudas que el uso indiscriminado de una expresion del tipo de la de Arrhenius para describir la manera en que los datos de difusion dependen de la temperatura, puede introducir graves errores en el calculo de los coeficientes de difusion. Se analizan en la memoria las consecuencias de ese hecho, haciendo especial hincapie en los sistemas cubicos centrados en el cuerpo/ del tipo refractario. Los autores han estudiado teorica y experimentalmente el efecto de un gradiente termico sobre la redistribucion de impurezas sustitutivas en un metal. Ese trabajo ha contribuido a un mejor conocimiento de la importancia de este efecto en los sistemas de interes en la esfera nuclear. El fomento de la difusion por los campos de radiacion sigue siendo un problema de justificado interes. Los autores han hecho las primeras mediciones directas del efecto que el bombardeo con particulas rapidas ejerce sobre la difusion en un metal. Los resultados guardan una correlacion satisfactoria con los pronosticos basados en un modelo de la aniquilacion de los defectos puntiformes (huecos e intersticios) excesivos en virtud de tres mecanismos: migracion hacia trampas fijas y homogeneamente distribuidas tales como dislocaciones, migracion hacia una superficie libre, y recombinacion de defectos. (author) [Russian] Obsuzhdajutsja nekotorye problemy, voznikajushhie pri ispol'zovanii osnov- nyh dannyh otnositel'no diffuzii v sistemah, predstavljajushhih prakticheskij interes, napri- mer v sistemah, vstrechajushhihsja v jadernoj tehnike. V chislo jetih problem vkljucheny jeksperi- menty v oblasti izotermicheskoj diffuzii, problemy diffuzii temperaturnogo gradienta i vlijanija radiacii na processy diffuzii. Bol'shaja chast' nadezhnoj informacii otnositel'- no diffuzii v tverdyh telah poluchena v teh sluchajah, kogda po sushhestvu gradient koncen- tracii diffundirujushhih obrazcov otsutstvuet. V sistemah, predstavljajushhih interes dlja inzhenerov-atomnikov, odnako, gradienty koncentracii pochti vsegda prisutstvujut. V svja- zi s jetim neobhodimy rabochie znanija po voprosu o svjazi mezhdu kojefficientami samodiffu- zii i himicheskoj diffuzii, chtoby dat' ocenku sootvetstvujushhih kojefficientov s cel'ju ispol'zovanija v opredelennoj situacii. Znanie kojefficientov termodinamicheskoj aktivnosti kak funkcii struktury predstavljaet soboj neobhodimuju dopolnitel'nuju informaciju. Nedavno bylo jasno pokazano, chto pri nediskriminacionnom primenenii vyrazhenija tipa Arheniusa dlja opisanija temperaturnoj zavisimosti dannyh otnositel'no diffuzii mozhno dopu- stit' znachitel'nye oshibki v predskazanii kojefficientov diffuzii. Obsuzhdajutsja varianty jetogo vyvoda s uporom na refrakcionnye ob{sup e}mno-centrirovannye kubicheskie sistemy . Izuchalis' teoreticheski i jeksperimental'no voprosy vlijanija temperaturnogo gradienta na pereraspre- delenie sushhestvennyh primesej v metalle. Rezul'taty priveli k bolee vysokoj ocenke vazhnosti jetogo jeffekta v sistemah, predstavljajushhih interes v oblasti atomnoj jenergii. Usilenie diffuzii radiacionnymi poljamijeto po-prezhnemu problema, interes k koto- roj opravdan. Provedeno pervoe uspeshnoe neposredstvennoe izmerenie stepeni vlijanija bombardirovki bystrymi chasticami na velichinu diffuzii v metalle. Poluchennye rezul'- taty horosho soglasujutsja s predpolozhenijami, osnovannymi na modeli annigiljacii izbytochnyh defektov (vakansii i vnedrennye atomy) s ispol'zovaniem treh mehanizmov migracija v gomogenno raspredelennye fiksirovannye rakoviny, naprimer dislokacii, migracija na svobodnuju poverhnost' i rekombinacija defektov. (author)

  5. Tallinn 2011 panustab tänavu turismifirmadesse / Kärt Anvelt, Jan Jõgis-Laats ; kommenteerib Roman Geiser

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Anvelt, Kärt, 1973-

    2010-01-01

    Reklaamibüroo Zavod juht Marek Reinaas annab hinnangu SA Tallinn 2011 eelarvekava turundusosale. Kommunikatsioonispetsialist Daniel Vaarik viitab võimalusele kasutada Tallinn 2011 tutvustamiseks sotsiaalvõrgustikke, nt. Facebooki ja Twitterit

  6. Hydroelectric power plants may influence profit of company

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Regula, E.

    2006-01-01

    In this interview with divisional manager of the Division of control of operation of hydroelectric power plants of the Slovenske elektrarne, a.s. Mr. Milan Chudy is published. The effectiveness and its optimisation in hydroelectric power plants of the Slovenske elektrarne, a.s. are discussed

  7. Low Frequency Hydrogen Vibrations in Potassium Dihydrogen Phosphate; Vibrations de l'hydrogene a basse frequence dans le phosphate monopotassique; Nizkochastotnye kolebaniya atomov vodoroda v pervichnom kislom fosfate kaliya.; Vibraciones de baja frecuencia del hidrogeno en el fosfato diacido de potasio

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Palevsky, H.; Otnes, K.; Wakuta, Y. [Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY (United States)

    1963-01-15

    The BNL cold neutron facility was used to investigate the low energy states in KH{sub 2}PO{sub 4} and KD{sub 2} PO{sub 4} at room temperature and below the transition temperature. The energy interval covered (8-170 x 10{sup -3} eV) corresponds to wave numbers of 25-1300 cm{sup -1} a region which is difficult to investigate by infrared absorption techniques. At ) very low energies broad peaks corresponding to the acoustic modes of the crystal are observed; at the high energy end the vibrations characteristic of the PO{sub 4} molecule are found. The excitation modes associated with hydrogen are identified by the change in scattering intensity with deuteration. By this means, it is shown that a band of frequencies centered around 180 cm{sup -1} is associated with hydrogen vibrations. The spectra for both KH{sub 2}PO{sub 4} and KD{sub 2}PO{sub 4} below their ferro-electric transition temperatures was found to have the same general shape as their corresponding room temperature data, the major changes in shape being accounted for by the Boltzman population factor. A comparison of these inelastic neutron scattering results with those obtained from neutron diffraction and infrared measurements will be discussed. (author) [French] Les auteurs ont utilise le dispositif a neutrons lents du BNL pour etudier les etats de basse energie dans KH{sub 2} PO{sub 4} et KD{sub 2}PO{sub 4} a la temperature ambiante et a des temperatures inferieures a celles de transition. L'intervalled'energie considere (8-170 - 10{sup -3} eV) correspond au nombre d'ondes de 25 a 1300 cm{sup -1} ; c'est une region qu'il est difficile d'etudier par la methode d'absorption des rayons infrarouges. Aux energies tres basses, les auteurs ont observe des pics larges correspondant aux modes acoustiques du cristal; A l'extremite correspondant aux energies elevees, ils ont trouve les vibrations caracteristiques de la molecule de PO{sub 4} . Les modes d'excitation associes a l'hydrogene sont identifies grace a la variation del'intensite de diffusion due A la deuteration. Par ce moyen, on montre qu'une bande de frequences centree autour de 180 cm{sup -1} est associee aux vibrations de l*hydrogene. Les auteurs ont trouve que pour des temperatures inferieures aux temperatures de la transition ferroelectrique, les spectres de KH{sub 2}PO{sub 4} et KD{sub 2}PO{sub 4} ont la meme forme generale que les donnees correspondantes relatives A la temperature ambiante, les changements de forme les plus importants s'expliquant par le facteur de population de Boltzman. Les auteurs comparent les resultats relatifs A la diffusion inelastique des neutrons et ceux que l'on obtient par la diffraction neutronique et par des mesures avec les rayons infrarouges. (author) [Spanish] Los autores han utilizado el aparato de neutrones frios del Laboratorio Nacional de Brookhaven para investigar los estados de baja energia del KH{sub 2}PO{sub 4} y del KD{sub 2}PO{sub 4} a temperatura ambiente y por debajo de las temperaturas de transicion. El intervalo de energia abarcado (8 a 170 x 10{sup -3} eV) corresponde a nuemeros de onda de 25 a 1300 cm{sup -1}, esto es, a una region que es dificil de investigar por procedimientos de absorcion infrarroja. A energias muy bajas, se observan picos apianados correspondientes a los modos acusticos del cristal; en el extremo correspondiente a las energias elevadas, aparecen las vibraciones caracteristicas de la molecula de PO{sub 4} . Los modos de excitacion asociados al hidrogeno se identifican por la variacion de la intensidad de dispersion con el contenido de deuterio. Por este medio, se demuestra que hay una banda de frecuencia centrada en torno a 180 cm{sup -1} , asociada a las vibraciones del hidrogeno. Se ha observado que por debajo de sus temperaturas de transicion ferroelectrica los espectros del KH{sub 2}PO{sub 4} y del KD{sub 2}PO{sub 4} presentan la misma forma general que los datos respectivos correspondientes a la temperatura ambiente, debiendose al factor de poblacion de Boltzman los cambios de forma mas importantes. El autor compara los resultados de esta dispersion inelastica con los obtenidos por difraccion neutronica y espectroscopia infrarroja. (author)

  8. Measurement of the wear rate of cast grinding balls using radioactive tracers; Evaluation de l'usure des boulets pour concasseurs, au moyen des indicateurs radioactifs; Izmerenie skorosti iznosa litykh drobil'nykh sharov pri pomoshchi mechenykh atomov; Medicion de la velocidad de desgaste de bolas trituradoras de acero colado con ayuda de indicadores radiactivos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Keys, J D; Eichholz, G G [Department of Mines and Technical Surveys, Ottawa, ON (Canada)

    1962-01-15

    The wear rate of grinding balls used in ball mills is usually hard to determine under operational conditions and little is known-about the factors determining ball life. Radioactive tracers have been used successfully to mark cast steel balls to obtain information on their life under various operating conditions for comparison with balls of different type or composition. A batch of marked steel balls has been followed through a milling operation over several weeks and statistics on wear and loss of weight have been obtained. In the test runs cobalt-60 was added to the molten metal before casting and the balls were then observed in use at an iron mine. The radioactive batch was added to a ball mill with a normal charge of about 75 tons and the mill charge was sampled at weekly intervals to pick out active balls. These balls were inspected and weighed, and the wear rate has been calculated. This procedure has proved to be a practical way of investigating wear properties under plant operating conditions. (author) [French] Il est en general difficile de determiner le taux d'usure des boulets de broyeurs dans des conditions normales d'utilisation et l'on ne sait pas grand-chose des facteurs qui determinent la longevite des boulets. Les auteurs ont employe avec succes des indicateurs radioactifs pour marquer des boulets d'acier moule, en vue d'obtenir des indications sur leur duree dans diverses conditions de. fonctionnement et de faire une comparaison entre des boulets de type different ou de. composition differente. Ils ont suivi un lot de boulets, d'acier ainsi marques pendant une operation de broyage qui a dirre plusieurs semaines, ce qui a permis de recueillir des donnees statistiques sur leur usure et leur perte de poids. Au cours des essais, du cobalt-60 a ete ajoute au metal fondu avant le moulage des boulets. Ceux-ci ont ete ensuite maintenus en observation pendant leur emploi dans une mine de fer et une mine d'or. Le lot radioactif a ete introduit danfe un broyeur ayant une charge normale d'environ 75 tonnes et des echantillons ont ete preleves a des intervalles d'une semaine pour la recuperation des boulets radioactifs. Ces boulets etaient alors inspectes et peses, apres quoi on a pu calculer leur taux d'usure. Cette methode s'est revelee tres pratique. pour l'etude de la resistance des boulets a l'usure dans les conditions habituelles d'utilisation. (author) [Spanish] La velocidad de desgaste de las bolas trituradoras empleadas en los molinos suele ser dificil de determinar durante el funcionamiento de la maquina, y solo se poseen escasos conocimientos acerca de los factores que determinan su vida util. Los autores utilizaron con exito indicadores radiactivos para marcar bolas de acero colado, con miras a obtener informacion sobre su vida util en diversas condiciones de empleo y compararlas con otras bolas de composicion o tipo distintos. Tomaron un juego de bolas de acero marcadas, y observaron su comportamiento a lo largo de varias semanas de empleo en el molino, obteniendo asi datos estadisticos sobre el desgaste y la perdida de peso sufridos. En las pruebas experimentales anadieron {sup 60}Co al metal fundido antes de colarlas bolas y observaron su comportamiento utilizandolas en una mina de hierro y en otra de oro. Emplearon las bolas marcadas en un molino cuya carga normal es de 75 toneladas aproximadamente, y extrajeron semanalmente muestras del contenido de la maquina para separar bolas activas. Examinaron estas y las pesaron, calculando asi su velocidad de desgaste. Este procedimiento se ha revelado como un metodo practico para el estudio de la resistencia al desgaste de las bolas en condiciones industriales. (author) [Russian] Skorost' iznosa drobil'nykh sharov, ispol'zuemykh v sharovykh drobilkakh, obychno trudno poddaetsya opredeleniyu v rabochikh usloviyakh; k tomu zhe malo chto izvestno otnositel'no faktorov, opredelyayushchikh srok sluzhby drobil'nykh sharov. Dlya polucheniya svedenij o sroke sluzhby drobil'nykh sharov v razlichnykh rabochikh usloviyakh i dlya sopostavleniya rezul'tatov, poluchaemykh s sharami raznykh tipov ili raznogo sostava, byli uspeshno ispol'zovany mechenye atomy. Na protyazhenii neskol'kikh nedel' bylo provedeno nablyudenie za partiej mechenykh stal'nykh sharov v drobil'noj rabote i byli sobrany statisticheskie dannye otnositel'no iznosa i poteri vesa. V khode opytnykh tsiklov do otlivki sharov k rasplavlennomu metallu byl dobavlen kobal't-60 i posle ehtogo bylo provedeno nablyudenie nad litymi sharami v ikh rabote na razrabotkakh zheleznoj rudy. Partiya mechenykh radioizotopami sharov byla dobavlena k drobil'nym sharam drobilki s normal'noj emkost'yu zagruzki priblizitel'no v 75 tonn, H cherez kazhduyu nedelyu iz drobilki vybiralis' obraztsy zagruzki dlya iz{sup y}atiya mechenykh sharov. EHti shary proveryalis' i vzveshivalis' i podschityvalas' skorost' ikh iznosa. EHtot metod okazalsya praktichnym sposobom issledovaniya svojstv iznosa v rabochikh usloviyakh na ustanovke. (author)

  9. The use of radioactive tracers in lubrication and wear research; Emploi des indicateurs radioactifs dans les recherches sur la lubrification et l'usure; Ispol'zovanie mechenykh atomov pri issledovanii voprosov smazki i iznosa; Utilizacion de los indicadores radiactivos en los estudios sobre la lubricacion y el desgaste

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Campbell, R B; Grunberg, L; Milne, A A; Wright, K H.R. [Lubrication, Wear and Mechanical Engineering Aspects of Corrosion Division, National Engineering Laboratory, Thorntonhall, Glasgow (United Kingdom)

    1962-01-15

    In many lubrication and wear problems, processes occurring on a very small scale have to be studied and the great sensitivity of radioactive tracer methods has been successfully applied. Several examples of such applications are cited from the work of the Lubrication and Wear Division of the National Engineering Laboratory in the United Kingdom. The quantitative relation between metal transfer and boundary friction is studied as a function of sliding velocity, surface roughness and the presence of lubricants. In order to study the distribution of wear, cast iron plugs containing Ir{sup 192} are inserted in the liners of a Diesel engine and the radioactivity present in oil samples is measured. Radioactive iron and iron oxide particles are used to study then role in the wear process. The reactivity of strained metal surface is studied with the aid of C{sup 14}- labelled stearic acid and of S{sup 35} in solution. The reaction rates of gear oil additive are being studied by passing short electric-current pulses through metal wires immersed in solutions of compounds labelled with S{sup 35} and P{sup 32}. The build-up of anti-wear films on the surface of gear teeth is being studied as a function of lead, speed and running time. A problem encountered in many of these applications is the conversion of the measured activity into absolute quantities of materials present in surface films or in wear debris. Calibration methods have been developed for this purpose. (author) [French] Pour nombre de problemes relatifs a la lubrification et a l'usure, ou l'on doit etudier des processus se produisant a tres petite echelle, la methode des indicateurs radioactifs, qui presente l'avantage d'etre tres sensible, a donne de bons resultats. Le memoire cite plusieurs exemples d'applications de ce genre, tires des travaux de la Division de la lubrification et de l'usure du National Engineering Laboratory (Royaume-Uni). La relation quantitative entre le transfert de metal et la friction de deux surfaces est etudiee en fonction de la vitesse de deplacement, de la rugosite des surfaces en contact et de la presence de lubrifiants. Pour etudier la repartition de l'usure, on insere des chevilles de fonte contenant de l'Ir{sup 192} dans les chemises d'un moteur-diesel et l'on preleve des echantillons d'huile dont on mesure la radioactivite. On utilise des particules radioactives de fer et d'oxyde de fer pour etudier leur role dans le processus d'usure. La reactibilite de surfaces metalliques qui ont travaille est etudiee a l'aide d'acide stearique marque au C{sup 14} et de S{sup 35} en solution. La vitesse de reaction des produits ajoutes a l'huile d'engrenages est etudiee au moyen de courtes impulsions electriques que l'on envoie dans des fils metalliques immerges dans des solutions de composes marques au S{sup 35} et au P{sup 32}. La constitution de pellicules retardant l'usure a la surface des dents d'engrenages est etudiee en fonction de la pression de friction, de la vitesse et du temps de fonctionnement. Un probleme commun a nombre de ces applications est celui de la conversion de l'activite mesuree en quantites absolues de matieres presentes dans les pellicules de surface ou dans les dechets resultant de l'usure. Des methodes de calibrage ont ete mises au point a cette fin. (author) [Spanish] La solucion de muchos de los problemas de lubricacion y desgaste requiere el estudio de procesos que ocurren en escala muy pequena a los que pueden aplicarse con exito metodos de gran sensibilidad basados en el empleo de indicadores radiactivos. Los autores citan varios ejemplos de estas aplicaciones, realizadas en la Lubrication and Wear Division del National Engineering Laboratory (Reino Unido). La memoria estudia la relacion cuantitativa entre la transferencia de metal y la friccion en las capas limite, en funcion de la velocidad de deslizamiento, de la rugosidad de la superficie y de la presencia de lubricantes. A fin de estudiar la distribucion del desgaste, se insertan en las camisas de un motor diesel varillas de fundicion que contienen iridio-192, y se mide la radiactividad de las muestras de aceite. Se utilizan particulas radiactivas de hierro y de oxido de hierro para estudiar su influencia en los procesos de desgaste. Empleando acido estearico marcado con carbono-14 y azufre-35 en solucion, se investiga la reactividad de las superficies del metal sometido a tensiones. Por otra parte, se esta estudiando la velocidad de reaccion de los aditivos lubricantes de engranajes haciendo pasar impulsos breves de corriente electrica a traves de hilos metalicos sumergidos en soluciones de compuestos marcados con azufre-35 y fosforo-32. Se investiga la formacion de peliculas antidesgaste en la superficie de los dientes de los engranajes en funcion de la carga, de la velocidad y del tiempo de funcionamiento. En muchas de estas aplicaciones se tropieza con la dificultad de tener que calcular las cantidades absolutas de materiales presentes en las peliculas que se forman en la superficie, o en las particulas originadas por el desgaste, a partir de la actividad medida. Con tal objeto se han elaborado metodos de calibracion. (author) [Russian] Vo mnogikh problemakh smazki i iznosa sleduet izuchat' protsessy, vstrechayushchiesya v ochen' malykh masshtabakh. Pri ehtom uspeshno ispol'zovalas' bol'shaya chuvstvitel'nost' indikatornykh metodov. Nekotorye primery podobnogo ispol'zovaniya ehtikh metodov dayutsya iz raboty otdela smazki i amortizatsii Natsional'noj tekhnicheskoj laboratorii Velikobritanii. Kolichestvennoe sootnoshenie mezhdu metallicheskoj peredachej i poverkhnost'yu treniya izuchaetsya kak funktsiya skorosti proskal'zyvaniya nerovnosti poverkhnosti i nalichiya smazochnykh materialov. Dlya togo, chtoby proanalizirovat' raspredelenie iznosa, chugunnye probki, soderzhashchie iridij-192, vstavlyayutsya v prokladki dizelya. Radioaktivnost', imeyushchayasya vo vzyatykh obraztsakh masla, zameryaetsya. Radioaktivnoe zhelezo i chastitsy okisi zheleza ispol'zuyutsya dlya izucheniya ikh roli v protsesse iznosa. Reaktivnost' poverkh- nosti zakalennykh metallov izuchalas' s pomoshch'yu mechennoj uglerodom-14 stearinovoj kisloty i rastvora sery-35. Skorost' reaktsii v primesi masla dlya shesteren analizirovalas' putem propuskaniya korotkikh impul'sov ehlektrotoka po metallicheskim provodam, opushchennym v rastvory soedinenij, mechennykh seroj-35 i fosforom-32. Sozdanie stojkikh k istiraniyu plenok na poverkhnosti zub'ev shesterenok izuchalos' kak funktsiya nagruzki, skorosti i vremeni raboty. Vopros, vstrechayushchijsya vo mnogikh iz vidov ehtogo primeneniya, sostoit v prevrashchenii izmeryaemoj aktivnosti v absolyutnye kolichestva materialov, prisutstvuyushchikh na poverkhnosti plenok ili v produktakh iznosa. Dlya ehtoj zhe tseli ispol'zovalis' metody kalibrovaniya. (author)

  10. Effects of Temperature and Pressure on Hot-Atom Reactions in Bromoethane; Effets de la Temperature et de la Pression sur les Reactions des Atomes Chauds dans le Bromoethane; Vliyanie temperatury i davleniya na reaktsii goryachikh atomov v bromehtane; Efectos de la Temperatura y de la Presion en las Reacciones de Atomos Calientes en el Bromoetano

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cole, A. J.; Mia, M. D.; Miller, G. E.; Shaw, P. F.D. [Nuclear Physics Laboratory, Oxford University, Oxford (United Kingdom)

    1965-04-15

    A study has been made of the yields of compounds containing Br{sup 80m} produced by irradiation of bromethane- bromine mixtures with 14 MeV neutrons at 18 Degree-Sign C, -80 Degree-Sign C and -115 Degree-Sign C, and at atmospheric pressure, and also at 18 Degree-Sign C at pressures up to 10{sup 4} atm. In addition to compounds previously reported in this system, small quantities of bromoethene, 1:2 dibromoethene, mono-and dibromopropanes, and mono-, di-, tri- and tetra-bromo- butanes have been found. There is also indirect evidence for the production of bromobutenes. The diffusion-dependent reactions are complex, and can be explained by assuming that pyrolysis of the liquid occurs in the vicinity of the hot atom to give bromoethyl radicals and ethylene. Addition of radicals to the latter then accounts for the formation of bromides containing more than two carbon atoms and for their diffusion-dependent yields. Reduction in temperature or increase in pressure generally causes an increase in yield attributable to a decreased rate of diffusion. The effect is most marked upon the yield of 1:2 dibromoethane, which is largely produced by the diffusive reaction of bromoethyl radicals and which increases fourfold by the application of 10{sup 4} atm because of the suppression of the dissociation CH{sub 2}-CH{sub 2}Br Rightwards-Arrow-Over-Leftwards-Arrow CH{sub 2} = CH{sub 2} + Br under the influence of the ''hot-spike''. By contrast, dissociation of the radical (CH{sub 3} - CHBr) into bromoethene and a hydrogen atom is energetically forbidden, and the yield of 1: 1 dibromoethane is roughly independent of pressure. The variation with temperature and pressure of the yield of bromoethane at large bromine concentrations is close to that predicted previously. (author) [French] Les auteurs ont etudie les rendements en composes contenant {sup 80m}Br produits par exposition de melanges de bromoethane-brome a des neutrons de 14 MeV aux temperatures de 18 Degree-Sign , -80 Degree-Sign et -115 Degree-Sign C et a la pression atmospherique, ainsi qu'a la temperature de 18 Degree-Sign C et a des pressions allant jusqu'a 10{sup 4} atm. En plus des composes deja signales, ils ont trouve de faibles quantites de bromoethylene, de dibromo- 1,2-ethylene, de mono-et dibromopropanes et de mono-, di-, tri-et tetrabromobutanes; il existe en outre des indices indirects de la formation de bromobutenes. Les reactions qui dependent de la diffusion sont complexes-, on peut les expliquer en admettant qu'une pyrolyse du liquide se produit dans le voisinage de l'atome chaud et donne des radicaux bromoethyle et de l'ethylene. C'est alors a l'addition de radicaux a l'ethylene que sont dus a la fois la formation de bromures contenant plus de deux atomes de carbone et les rendements en ces bromures, qui dependent de la diffusion. D'une maniere generale, une reduction de la temperature ou un accroissement de la pression entraine une augmentation du rendement imputable a une diminution de la vitesse de diffusion. L'effet est le plus marque sur le rendement en dibromo-1, 2-ethanef qui se produit surtout par la reaction de diffusion des radicaux bromoethyle et qui est quadruple par l'application de 10{sup 4} atm du fait de la suppression de la dissociation CH{sub 2}-CH{sub 2}Br Rightwards-Arrow-Over-Leftwards-Arrow CH{sub 2} = CH{sub 2} + Br En revanche, la dissociation du radical (CH{sub 3} -CHBr) en bromoethylene et hydrogene (CH{sub 2} = CHBr + H) est impossible, et le rendement en dibromo-1,1-ethane est a peu pres independant de la pression. La variation, en fonction de la temperature et de la pression, du rendement en bromoethane pour de fortes concentrations de brome est voisine de celle qui avait ete prevue precedemment par l'un des auteurs. (author) [Spanish] Se ha estudiado el rendimiento de los compuestos que contienen {sup 80m}Br, producidos por irradiacion de mezclas de bromoetano y bromo con neutrones de 14 MeV a 18 Degree-Sign C, -80 Degree-Sign C y -115 Degree-Sign C y a la presion atmosferica, asi como a 18 Degree-Sign C y presiones de hasta 10{sup 4} atm. Ademas de los compuestos ya conocidos en este sistema, se han hallado pequeflas cantidades de bromoetano, 1,2-dibromoetano, mono y dibromo- propanos y mono, di, tri y tetra bromobutanos; tambien hay pruebas indirectas de produccion debromobutenos. Las reacciones dependientes de la difusion son complejas, y se pueden explicar suponiendo que en las proximidades del atomo caliente se produce una pirolisis del liquido por la que se forman radicales bromo- etilo y etileno. La adicion de radicales a este ultimo determina la formacion de bromuros que contienen mas de dos atomos de carbono, asi como sus rendimientos dependientes de la difusion. La disminucion de la temperatura o el aumento de la presion se traduce por lo general en un incremento del rendimiento atribuible a una menor velocidad de difusion. El. efecto es mas acusado en el rendimiento de 1, 2-dibromoetano producido principalmente por la reaccion difusiva de radicales bromoetilo, que se cuadruplica al aplicar una presion de 10{sup 4} atm debido a la supresion de la disociacion CH{sub 2}-CH{sub 2}Br Rightwards-Arrow-Over-Leftwards-Arrow CH{sub 2} = CH{sub 2} + Br bajo la influencia de la ''punta termica''. En cambio, la disociacion del radical (CH{sub 3} -CHBr) en bromoetano y un atomo de hidrogeno no es energeticamente viable, y el rendimiento de 1,1-dibromoetano es casi independiente de la presion. La variacion del rendimiento de bromoetano para grandes concentraciones de bromo en funcion de la temperatura y de la presion se aproxima al valor que se habia previsto. (author) [Russian] Izuchalis' vyhody soedinenij, soderzhashhih Br{sup 80m} kotoryj byl poluchen oblucheniem smesej bromjetan-bromina nejtronami 14 Mjev pri temperaturah 18 Degree-Sign C, -80 Degree-Sign C i -115 Degree-Sign C pri atmosfernom davlenii, a takzhe pri 18 Degree-Sign C i davlenijah do 10{sup 4} atmosfer. Pomimo soedinenij jetoj sistemy,o kotoryh soobshhalos' ranee, byli najdeny nebol'shie kolichestva bromjetena, 1:2 dibromjetena, mono- i dibrompropanov i moho-, di-, tri- i tetra- brombutanov; est' takzhe kosvennoe dokazatel'stvo proizvodstva brombutenov. Diffuzionno-zavisimye reakcii javljajutsja kompleksnymi i mogut byt' ob{sup j}asneny, predpolozhiv, chto piroliz zhidkosti proishodit v okrestnosti gorjachego atoma s polucheniem brom- jetilovyh radikalov i jetilena. Dobavlenie radikalov k poslednemu otvechaet za obrazovanie bromidov, soderzhashhih bolee chem 2 atoma ugleroda i za ih diffuzionno-zavisimye vyhody. Ponizhenie temperatury ili uvelichenie davlenija obychno vyzyvaet uvelichenie vyhoda, svjazannogo s umen'shennoj skorost'ju diffuzii. Jeffekt osobenno znachitelen dlja vyhoda 1:2 dibromojetana, kotoryj proizvoditsja glavnym obrazom reakciej diffuzii bromjetilovyh radikalov i kotoryj uvelichivaetsja v chetyre raza pri primenenii 10{sup 4} atmosfer blagodarja podavleniju dissociacii CH{sub 2}-CH{sub 2}Br Rightwards-Arrow-Over-Leftwards-Arrow CH{sub 2} = CH{sub 2} + Br pod davleniem ''gorjachego pika''. Naprotiv, dissociacija radikala (CH{sub 3} - CHBr) na brom- jeten i atom vodoroda javljaetsja jenergeticheski zapreshhennoj, i vyhod 1:1 dibromjetana grubo nezavisim ot davlenija. Izmenenie vyhoda bromjetana v zavisimosti ot temperatury i davlenija pri bol'shih koncentracijah bromina blizko k tomu, chto predskazyvalos' ranee. (author)

  11. Quality assurance monitoring during nuclear fuel production in JSC 'TVEL'

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Filimonov, G.; Tchirkov, V.

    2000-01-01

    The paper describes Quality Assurance (QA) monitoring during fabrication of nuclear fuel in Russian Federation. Joint Stock Company 'TVEL', natural state monopoly of the type of holding that fabricates and supplies nuclear fuel for the NPPs of Russia, CIS and Europe, incorporates the major enterprises of the nuclear fuel cycle including JSC 'Mashinostroitelny zavod', Electrostal (fabrication of fuel pellets, rods and assemblies for different types of reactors), JSC 'Novosibirsky zavod khimconcentratov', Novosibirsk (fabrication of fuel rods and assemblies for WWER-440 and WWER-1000), JSC 'Tchepetsky mechanitchesky zavod', Tchepetsk (fabrication of Zr tubing). Monitoring of QA is an important element of Quality Management System (QMS) developed and implemented at the above-mentioned enterprises of the JSC 'TVEL' and it is performed on three levels including external and internal audits and author's supervision. Paper also describes short- and long-term policies of the JSC 'TVEL' in nuclear fuel quality field. (author)

  12. Prospects of renewable energy sources

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pargac, K.

    2010-01-01

    Slovenske elektrarne has been dealing with exploitation of hydropower potential during long-term period and conceptually. In this paper parameters of construction of new planned small-scale hydroelectric power plants on the Vah River (Slovakia) are presented.

  13. Certification of support services

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hroch, A.; Osusky, V.

    2006-01-01

    In this paper the process of certification of support services in the Slovenske elektrarne, a. s. is described. The nuclear power plants are also included into support services. Provisions and economic aspects of support services are discussed

  14. Future strategy of SE

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Arcelli, M.

    2006-01-01

    In this presentation author (General Director of Slovenske elektrarne, a. s.) presents structure and investment plans of SE. The feasibility study of construction of the blocks 3 and 4 of the Mochovce NPP is presented

  15. Impact of the structural changes on the nuclear safety

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ziakova, M.

    2005-01-01

    In this presentation author deals with impact of the structural changes (privatization of the Slovenske Elektrarne, a.s.) and new Atomic law (541/2004 Coll. Laws) on the nuclear safety in the Slovak Republic.

  16. Environment report 1999

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2000-01-01

    A brief account of activities in environment protection carried out by the Slovenske Elektrarne, a.s. in 1999 is presented. These activities are reported under the headings: (1) Address; (2) Electricity generation and consumption in the Slovak Republic; (3) Air protection; (4) Water management; (5) Waste management; (6) Environmental management system at Slovenske Elektrarne, a.s.; (7) Environmental protection funds; (8) Structure of SE, a.s., power installations

  17. Sale of electricity to households

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon

    2011-01-01

    The Company Slovenske elektrarne (SE) Predaj has after two years of presence in the market expanded their business activities to the households segment. The first customers can be particularly employees of Slovenske elektrarne. This chance will be provided to them starting from 1 October of this year. 'The electricity supplies for households will only be supplementary segment of sales at SE Predaj Company. We will still focus mainly at businesses with higher consumption,' says director of the Company Mr. Stanislav Reguli. (author)

  18. SAMOOSKRBA GOSPODINJSKEGA ODJEMA S SONČNO ELEKTRARNO IN BATERIJSKIM SISTEMOM

    OpenAIRE

    VIDMAJER, DAVID

    2016-01-01

    Diplomsko delo opiše in analizira otočno delovanje stanovanjskega objekta za štiričlansko družino z izbiro primerne sončne elektrarne, litij-ionskih baterij in dizelskega agregata (off-grid system). V diplomski nalogi smo na kratko predstavili problematiko delovanja sončne elektrarne, delovanje otočnega sistema in elemente, ki so nujni za njegovo obratovanje, ter opis in delovanje baterij. Sledi opis enačb za modeliranje komponent otočnega sistema, po kateremu principu smo naredili tudi nadal...

  19. MICROMICETES QUANTITY AND BIOMASS IN TECHNOGENIC AND NATURAL SOILS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Korinovskaya Olga Nikolaevna

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available It is shown that in edaphotopes around of freight checkpoint of CJSC «Krivorozhskiy Surikovyy Zavod», ore-enrichment factory and fresh-inwashed pool of tailings dam of PJSC «Northern Iron Ore Enrichment Works» there is an increase of heavy metals mobile forms (which are the most dangerous for microorganisms, plants, animals and human: for iron in 310; for zinc - in 4,3-6,5; for lead - in 3.2-5.7; for cadmium - in 5,6-9,8; for copper – 6,8-66,5 and for nickel - in 9 times as compared to zonal soil. Whereas in soils of CJSC «Krivorozhskiy Surikovyy Zavod» sanitary protection zone number of copper, nickel, lead, cadmium and zinc mobile forms exceeded the control values in 2,4-6,6 times. For the first time the features of soil microscopic fungi seasonal dynamics of quantity in industrial disturbed soils of Kryvorizhzhya compared to zonal soil (chernozem usual were registered. Changes in fungal mycelium length and biomass, its spore’s amount and biomass in edaphotopes of ore-enrichment and chemical enterprises and of common chernozem are also presented. It is shown that in edaphotopes of heavy contamination areas of «Krivorozhskiy Surikovyy Zavod» and of «Northern Iron Ore Enrichment Works» in spring, summer, and autumn there was decrease of microscopic fungi quantity in 4-10 times, moreover in tehnozems of «Northern Iron Ore Enrichment Works» fresh-inwashed pool of tailings dam their amount reduces in more than 100 times, compared with common chernozem. In low contamination area of «Krivorozhskiy Surikovyy Zavod» their quantity decreases in 2 times. Also in heavy contamination areas of chemical and ore-enrichment enterprises there is strong decrease in the length of fungal mycelium in 2.7-4.2 times, its biomass in 2,6-4,5 times, the spores amount - in 4,5-7,7 times and their biomass - in 10,5-21 times compared to the natural soil, which could be explained by high contents of toxicants. While in the sanitary protection zone of the

  20. MICROMICETES QUANTITY AND BIOMASS IN TECHNOGENIC AND NATURAL SOILS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. N. Korinovskaya

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available It is shown that in edaphotopes around of freight checkpoint of CJSC «Krivorozhskiy Surikovyy Zavod», ore-enrichment factory and fresh-inwashed pool of tailings dam of PJSC «Northern Iron Ore Enrichment Works» there is an increase of heavy metals mobile forms (which are the most dangerous for microorganisms, plants, animals and human: for iron in 310; for zinc - in 4,3-6,5; for lead - in 3.2-5.7; for cadmium - in 5,6-9,8; for copper – 6,8-66,5 and for nickel - in 9 times as compared to zonal soil. Whereas in soils of CJSC «Krivorozhskiy Surikovyy Zavod» sanitary protection zone number of copper, nickel, lead, cadmium and zinc mobile forms exceeded the control values in 2,4-6,6 times. For the first time the features of soil microscopic fungi seasonal dynamics of quantity in industrial disturbed soils of Kryvorizhzhya compared to zonal soil (chernozem usual were registered. Changes in fungal mycelium length and biomass, its spore’s amount and biomass in edaphotopes of ore-enrichment and chemical enterprises and of common chernozem are also presented. It is shown that in edaphotopes of heavy contamination areas of «Krivorozhskiy Surikovyy Zavod» and of «Northern Iron Ore Enrichment Works» in spring, summer, and autumn there was decrease of microscopic fungi quantity in 4-10 times, moreover in tehnozems of «Northern Iron Ore Enrichment Works» fresh-inwashed pool of tailings dam their amount reduces in more than 100 times, compared with common chernozem. In low contamination area of «Krivorozhskiy Surikovyy Zavod» their quantity decreases in 2 times. Also in heavy contamination areas of chemical and ore-enrichment enterprises there is strong decrease in the length of fungal mycelium in 2.7-4.2 times, its biomass in 2,6-4,5 times, the spores amount - in 4,5-7,7 times and their biomass - in 10,5-21 times compared to the natural soil, which could be explained by high contents of toxicants. While in the sanitary protection zone of the

  1. Unified electricity market

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon

    2011-01-01

    A unified European electricity market means a unification and harmonisation of functioning of the national electricity market into one European Market or into one entity. It gives an opportunity to Slovenske elektrarne to open room for their wider activity within Europe where common rules for cross-boarder trade and markets functioning will apply. (author)

  2. Extraordinary results

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cicova, V.

    2012-01-01

    For the first time in the history, Slovenske elektrarne became the first winner in a new category Business and Biodiversity in the competition of European companies aimed at the environment protection. Excellent results were achieved by a long-term co-operation with the Tatras National Park, in particular in saving the endangered animals.

  3. Completion of the privatisation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon

    2006-01-01

    In Bratislava on April 28, 2006 the privatisation of 66 % share of the Slovenske Elektrarne, a. s. (SE) has definitively finished. The Slovak Republic with the Italian company ENEL assigned ultimate documents and the ENEL definitively entered into the SE. Italian investor paid for the SE 839 millions EUR, what is about 31.35 billions Slovak crowns. (author)

  4. Worldwide WANO biennial in India

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vrubelova, A.

    2010-01-01

    At the turn of January and February 2010, there was an annual general conference of the World Association of Nuclear Operators - WANO held in Delhi, India. One of the representatives, participating on behalf of Slovenske elektrarne, was also Mr. Robert Guns, a former Director of Bohunice Nuclear Power Plant. After his return from India, he was approached by Anna Vrubelova. (author)

  5. Recent and Future of R and D Activities in SE, a.s

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hanzel, A.

    2010-01-01

    In this lecture Mr Hanzel presents recent and future of research and development (R and D) activities in Slovenske Elektrarne, a.s. (SE, a.s.). Financing of R and D activities in SE, a.s. and CEZ, a.s. are compared with with programmes supported by U.S. Department of Energy.

  6. Training organisation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Andrlova, Z.

    2012-01-01

    Slovenske elektrarne considers a specific training and education of experienced experts to be a key issue. The company gradually undergoes quite demanding change in the field of education and training of the nuclear power plants staff. We have an ambitious vision - to create one of the best training organisations in Europe by the means of systematic approach to the training. (author)

  7. We maintain a strong market position

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Blahutova, Z.

    2010-01-01

    Increasing efficiency, continuous improvement, ambitious investment plans. How we (Slovenske elektrarne) succeeded in overcoming crisis impacts and achieved excellent results, about the necessity to increase the company's safety culture - these issues were discussed at the Goal Setting Meeting 2010. The introductory meeting was held on 9 March 2010 in Bratislava. (author)

  8. Records on the water

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Regula, E.

    2003-01-01

    In this paper the electric power generation in hydro-power plants in the Slovak Republic during 2002 is reviewed. Year 2002 was rich on precipitation and the Hydro Power Plants (plants of the Slovenske elektrarne, a.s.) has reached record in generation of electric power when altogether the Water Power Plants produced 5,168.5 GWh. (author)

  9. The company's management puts priority on safety

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tomek, J.

    2006-01-01

    On 29-30 June, 2006, the training for workers of the Slovenske elektrarne, a. s. was organized to explain the most important management safety aspects on leadership awareness (Nuclear Leadership Awareness Course). The course was held at the regional consultation center in Jaslovske Bohunice. (author)

  10. Part II. Chapter VII. Lack of knowledge has generated misconceptions about WWER in Western Europe

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bucha, T.

    2008-01-01

    In this interview Mr. Giancarlo Aquilanti (Project Director Mochovce NPP, Unit-3 and Unit-4, the Slovenske elektrarne, a. s., a member of ENEL) evaluates reactor safety in Mochovce NPP. Perspectives of development of nuclear energy in the Slovak Republic and Italia are discussed.

  11. Contribution of Mochovce Units completion

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Burdova, J.

    2013-01-01

    In spite of the on-going economic crisis in Europe, Slovakia is still showing economic growth. Slovenske elektrarne belong to the key companies within the Slovak economy. Not only because of its position in the electricity market, basis for the operation of companies and homes, but also because of its influence on the social and economic development of the country. (author)

  12. Nuclear and radiation safety policy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mikus, T; Strycek, E.

    1998-01-01

    Slovenske elektrarne (SE) is a producer of electricity and heat, including from nuclear fuel source. The board of SE is ultimately responsible for nuclear and radiation safety matters. In this leaflet main principles of maintaining nuclear and radiation safety of the Company SE are explained

  13. Dentalna identifikacija karboniziranoga tijela: prikaz slučaja

    OpenAIRE

    Brkić, Hrvoje; Petrovečki, Vedrana; Gusić, Stjepan

    2002-01-01

    U ovom je radu prikazan slučaj dentalne identifikacije jednog od dvaju karboniziranih tijela stradalih u prometnoj nesreći osobnim automobilom. Nakon obavljena očevida pougljena su tijela bila prevezena na Zavod za sudsku medicinu i kriminalistiku Medicinskog fakulteta u Zagrebu kako bi se utvrdio identitet i uzrok smrti. Postupak dentalne identifikacije bio je omogućen pronalaskom jednoga zubnog kartona - hrvatskoga državljanina koji se liječio na Stomatološkoj poliklinici u Zagrebu. Zubn...

  14. Presoja sistema notranjih kontrol obračuna potnih nalogov v splošni bolnišnici Celje

    OpenAIRE

    Žerjav, Klavdija

    2016-01-01

    Poslovni subjekti so izpostavljeni različnim tveganjem, kar velja tudi za javne zavode oz. Splošno bolnišnico Celje. Poslovna tveganja so nepredvidljivi dogodki, ki vplivajo na doseganje zastavljenih ciljev, z notranjimi kontrolami pa se ta tveganja odpravljajo oz. nadzorujejo. Eno izmed tveganj v Splošni bolnišnici Celje je področje kadrov oz. strošek dela, ki v strukturi celotnih stroškov predstavlja zelo pomemben delež. Za učinkovito in uspešno obvladovanje teh stroškov so izrednega pomena...

  15. IZBOLJŠANJE MANAGEMENTSKEGA VODENJA V JAVNEM ZAVODU SPLOŠNE BOLNIŠNICE MURSKA SOBOTA

    OpenAIRE

    Maček, Ines

    2015-01-01

    Za magistrsko nalogo z naslovom Izboljšanje managementskega vodenja v javnem zavodu Splošne bolnišnice Murska Sobota smo se odločili, ker menimo, da uspešnost javnega zavoda ni odvisna samo od spretnega vodstva, ampak predvsem od dobrega sodelovanja in komuniciranja na različnih organizacijskih ravneh javnega zavoda. Zaposleni v javnem zavodu morajo nenehno sodelovati in komunicirati med seboj in tudi s svojimi nadrejenimi, le-ti pa morajo tesno sodelovati z vodstvom. Javni zavod brez komu...

  16. PEDOLOŠKE, GEOLOŠKE I GEOKEMIJSKE ZNAČAJKE LOKACIJA UKLJUČENIH U PROJEKT GEOKEMIJSKOG KARTIRANJA POLJOPRIVREDNOG ZEMLJIŠTA I PAŠNJAKA U REPUBLICI HRVATSKOJ

    OpenAIRE

    Husnjak, Stjepan; Halamić, Josip; Šorša, Ajka; Rubinić, Vedran

    2011-01-01

    Pan-Europski projekt geokemijskog kartiranja poljoprivrednih tala i pašnjaka – GEMAS (GEochemical Mapping of Agricultural Soils and grazing land soils), pokrenut je 2007. godine uz sudjelovanje 35 europskih Geoloških službi, a pod vodstvom EuroGeoSurveys-Geochemistry Expert Group (EGS). U R. Hrvatskoj je u izvedbi projekta kao nositelj sudjelovao Hrvatski geološki institut - Hrvatska geološka služba (HGI-CGS), kao stalna članica EGS-a, te kao suradnik Zavod za pedologiju Agronomskog fakultet ...

  17. PRAVNA UREDITEV ŠTUDENTSKEGA DELA

    OpenAIRE

    Špoljar, Luka

    2014-01-01

    Študentsko delo je občasno ali začasno delo, ki ga študent, dijak ali druga upravičena oseba opravlja preko pooblaščene organizacije (študentski servis, Zavod Republike Slovenije za zaposlovanje, agencije za delo) na podlagi napotnice. Gre za poseben sistem dela preko napotnic, ki ga ne pozna nobena evropska država. Mladim omogoča pridobivanje denarnih sredstev in nabiranje dragocenih neformalnih izkušenj, ki jim pomagajo pri kasnejšem vstopu na trg dela. Študentsko delo pa ima tudi nekaj neg...

  18. Power plants Novaky wishes a new block

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Janoska, J.; Beer, G.

    2004-01-01

    In 2007 two undesulphurized blocks - the 3 rd and 4 th of Novaky Power plant (ENO) in Zemianske Kostolany can no longer burn a domestic brown coal. It means the stopping of around a half of production of the biggest Slovak miner - Hornonitrianske bane Prievidza, a.s. (HBP). HBP together with Swiss partner Advanced Power began the project of their own power plant several years ago. This project is halted because of high capital expenses, but the mining engineers see also the other way - project of construction of new source with capacity 125 MW instead of ENO 3 and 4 in patronage of Slovenske elektrarne (SE). However Slovenske elektrarne is in process of privatisation and there is a question how will the investor accede to several millions Slovak crowns project. This issue deals with project of new power plant and with related possibilities of the next mining of brown coal in the region of Horna Nitra

  19. Slovak Electric, plc, Environment report 1998

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1999-01-01

    A brief account of activities in environment protection carried out by the Slovenske Elektrarne, a.s. in 1998 is presented. These activities are reported under the headings: (1) The address of general director; (2) Conception of environmental protection in joint stock company SE, a.s.; (3) Air protection; (4) Water management; (5) Waste management; (6) Environmental management system in joint stock company Slovenske Elektrarne, a.s.; (7) Finances spent to protection and setting of environment; (8) Vojany power plant(SE-EVO); (9) Novaky power plant (SE-ENO); (10) Kosice power plant (SE-TEKO); (11) Trencin water power stations (SE-VET); (12) Dobsina water power stations (SE-VED); (13) Bohunice nuclear power plant (SE-EBO); (14) Mochovce nuclear power plant (SE-EMO); (15) Bratislava transmission system plant (SE-PS); (16) Bohunice radioactive waste treatment and conditioning centre

  20. Termination of exploitation of V 1 NPP - BIDSF projects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pnackova, L.

    2004-01-01

    In this paper the interview with engineer Peter Hlbocky, director of division of the Project of decommissioning of V 1 Nuclear Power Plant in Jaslovske Bohunice is presented. Project Manager Unit (PMU) was formed on the basis of directive of the General Director of the Slovenske elektrarne, a.s. The Director of the Division of decommissioning of the V 1 NPP and at the same time the Main manager of the PMU is engineer Peter Hlbocky. On this project participate 19 employees of the Slovenske elektrarne, a. s. (SE), 6 abroad employees of the consortium IBERINCO, 15 employees of the VUEZ and 25 abroad employees on the detached place of work in the Spain and France

  1. We won a National award

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Meciarova, A.; Cicova, V.

    2011-01-01

    On the occasion of the 43 rd conference for water management in the industry results of the 3 rd competition were announced for the National Business Award for Environment in the Slovak Republic 2011 organized by the Association of Industrial Ecology in Slovakia (ASPEK). The first prize in the category 'product; went to the hands of Slovenske elektrarne representatives for providing the energy self-sufficiency of Tery Chalet, High Tatras, all year round with installing photovoltaic system. 'We have a complex programme of five energies through which we support culture, sports, humanity, education and environmental protection. Hence we try to support constant sustainability of biodiversity,' underlined Alena Meciarova, Manager of Environment at Slovenske elektrarne. (author)

  2. Transport of radioactive wastes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Stuller, C.

    2003-01-01

    In this article author describes the system of transport and processing of radioactive wastes from nuclear power of Slovenske elektrarne, plc. It is realized the assurance of transport of liquid and solid radioactive wastes to processing links from places of their formation, or of preliminary storage and consistent transports of treated radioactive wastes fixed in cement matrix of fibre-concrete container into Rebublic storage of radioactive wastes in Mochovce

  3. Unmanned operation of Hydro Power Plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Regula, E.

    2008-01-01

    Intentions to launch unmanned operation are no news, the very first occurred in Hydro Power Plants (HPP) at the time when the first computer technology was implemented into process of power generation, i.e. no later than in 1960 s . ENEL entering Slovenske elektrarne not only revived but significantly accelerated the implementation process of unmanned operation. Experience of ENEL says that unmanned operation means better reliability of the HPP and this is the priority. (author)

  4. Know-how of experts of the VYZ impressed of Japan experts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Koever, M.

    2003-01-01

    In this paper author give a short review of the course for radiation safety and radioactive waste processing which was organised in the frame of the Program for international co-operation in the scope of management in nuclear energetics. This course proceeds as early as five years and it is covered by Japan Electric Power Information Center, Inc. (JEPIC). Author there has presented know-how of the Bohunice Radioactive Waste Processing Center (VYZ, Slovenske elektrarne, a.s.)

  5. Our Energy For The Country Project Started Our Via Bona

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon

    2014-01-01

    Slovenske Elektrarne received the main Via Bona award for its complex and extraordinary approach to responsible business. Non-profit fund Pontis has been granting this award since 1998 to companies voluntarily contributing to the mitigation of negative trends and the improvement of positive business aspects beyond legislative requirements. We won with our Energy for the Country programme. The award was given to Paolo Ruzzini, SE CEO and Chairman of the Board of Directors by Andrej Kiska, the new Slovak President.

  6. The Role of Nuclear Power in Slovak Republic; Safety Upgrading Program for WWER Reactors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Toth, A.

    1998-01-01

    Implementation of Slovenske elektrarne Production Base Development Program, where all these safety upgrading projects of nuclear power sources at Slovak Republic are included will ensure first of all safety of nuclear power sources on internationally acceptable level, operational reliability of nuclear power units, balanced consumption and production of electric energy in Slovakia and decrease of long term ecological impact in according with international commitments of Slovakia

  7. Chapter 3. The economical power of the company

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1998-01-01

    In the third chapter of this CD ROM the economic power of the Slovak Electric, Plc. (Slovenske elektrarne, a.s.), is presented. It consist of next paragraphs (1) Property of Slovak Electric, Plc, the company; (2) Position of the Company; (3) Business performance of the Company (Economic results, Installed capacity, Generation of electricity and heat; Electricity trade, Distribution of electricity and heat trade are reviewed); (4) Shareholdings in other companies and international co-operation

  8. American specialists and SAP project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Andrlova, Z.

    2008-01-01

    Within the past days of November the project teams of SAP Nuclear in Slovenske elektrarne, a. s. incorporated the specialists from PSEG from New Jersey, U.S.A. The goal of their stay here was to pass on the professional experience and good practice from the implementation of quite demanding project in the nuclear power plants. We have learned more about the company and the objectives from an interview with Clay Warren, SAP Nuclear Project Manager in SE. (author)

  9. Five question to... Stanislav Reguli, chairman of the board of directors and general director of the GovCo, joint-stock association

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Stuller, P.

    2006-01-01

    In this paper the interview with the MR. Stanislav Reguli, chairman of the board of directors and general director of the GovCo, joint-stock association is published. The state company GovCo, a.s. was originated on April 1, 2006. Process of severance of property from the Slovenske elektrarne, a.s., personnel management of new company as well as organisation of property management are presented

  10. The confirmation audit in Mochovce nuclear power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Andlova, Z.

    2004-01-01

    Mochovce NPP, as the first plant of the Slovenske elektrarne, a. s., has obtained certificate for the environmental management system (EMS) in September 2002, which was established according to the standard STN ISO 14 001:1996. The Audit EMS was executed by the Det Norske Veritas. Mochovce NPP has obtained the EMS Certificate after compliance of process requests and it is valid for three years. After expire of this period the certification process must be repeated. (author)

  11. Part I. Remembering No. 2 (Ladislav Loerinc). EMO joint venture, joint-stock company - really completely useless organ?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Blaha, M.

    2008-01-01

    In this chapter author reviewed the story of the EMO joint venture, joint-stock company, between Slovenske elektrarne, a. s. and EdF. EMO joint venture, joint-stock company, was established to complete the Mochovce nuclear power plant. EMO joint venture, joint-stock company was closed after one year of work. History of EMO joint venture, joint-stock company, was described by its former general manager Mr. Ladislav Loerinc.

  12. Chapter 1. The structure of the company

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1998-01-01

    In the first chapter of this CD ROM the structure of the Slovak Electric, Plc. (Slovenske elektrarne, a.s.) in 1998 is presented. It consist of next paragraphs (1) The history (The origin of the SE, Plc.; Main events of 1995; Main events of 1996; Main events of 1997); (2) The bodies of SE, Plc. (General Meeting of Shareholders; Supervisory Board; Board of Directors); (3) Organizational structure of the the Company (The Headquarters of SE, Plc.; SE, Plc, Transmission System)

  13. Tracking environmental costs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Blahutova, Z.

    2011-01-01

    Tracking Environmental Costs and Investments in SAP will provide us with a managerial tool that will help us understand better the magnitude of the financial resources we are dedicating to environmental protection activities and investments. Environmental Cost Accounting is a new project in Slovenske Elektrarne that will be particularly valuable for the Company's environmental management initiatives, such as waste monitoring, cleaner production, eco-design and environmental management systems; its launch is expected in September. (author)

  14. Systematization of the Methods for Evaluating the International Competitiveness of Enterprise

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shtal Tetyana V.

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The article is aimed at studying methods for evaluating competitiveness, identifying their practical relevance to domestic enterprises on example of the ОАО «Zavod «Yuzhkabel». A system of methods for evaluating international competitiveness of enterprises has been analyzed, the most frequently encountered in the economic literature methodologies for estimation have been considered. As a result, weaknesses of the individual elements of the system have been identified. Practical significance of the study has been disclosed, the most effective methods for evaluating the international competitiveness of enterprises have been identified. Using methods such as the method of rating estimation, the «4Р» matrix, the «McKinsey» matrix, the HirfindahlHirschman index and the polygon of competitiveness model, international competitiveness of the ОАО «Zavod «Yuzhkabel» has been evaluated. Conclusion about the extent of enterprise's presence at the international market has been made.

  15. Annual report 2003

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2004-01-01

    The annual report of SE, a. s., contains information for the year of 2003 and summarises SE's most important financial data for the stated period. The joint stock company Slovenske elektrarne, a. s. (Slovak Power Plants) was established on January 21, 2002, when it was entered into the Commercial Register as a new business entity formed by splitting the former Slovenska elektrarne, a. s. (SE, a. s.) into three independent business entities: Slovenska elektrarne, a. s. (SE, a. s.), Slovenska elektrizacna prenosova sustava, a. s. (Slovak Transmission Grid), and Teplaren Kosice, a. s. (Heating Plant Kosice). Data regarding electricity and heat generation and operational and financial results of the company are stated for the year of 2003, without providing a comparison to the previous year. The reason is that 2002 data do not cover the whole year, as the new SE a. s. was established on January 21, 2002 with changed mix of heat and electricity generation assets. Comparison data for previous years are provided only for certain technical parameters regarding nuclear safety, environment and human resources. This report contains the following headings: (1) SE Board of directors; (2) Supervisory Board; (3) Address by the Chairman of the Board of directors; (4) Year in brief; (5) Organisational structure of the company; (6) Participating interests held by the company; (7) Company strategy; (8) Heat and electricity generation; (9) Sales of electricity, ancillary services and heat; (10) Investments; (11) International cooperation; (12) Nuclear safety; (13) Environment; (14) Human resources; (15) Business report and financial statements; (16) Auditor's report; (17) List of abbreviations

  16. VUEZ. Annual report 2006

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2007-01-01

    A brief account of activities carried out by the Vyskumny ustav energetickych zariadeni, a.s. (VUEZ) in 2006 is presented. These activities are reported under the headings: (1) Introductory address by the Chairman of the Board of Directors; (2) Company profile; (3) Organisational structure; (4) Portfolio of products and services in 2006; (5) Quality management system; (6) Human resources; (7) Financial statements and auditor's report; (8) Auditor's certificate; (9) Basic and contact data. The year 2006 was a year of changes in the Slovak energy sector what, in a certain degree, became evident also in the related sphere of supplies. In the course of the year, Slovenske elektrarne a.s. Company was divided into two entities and its proprietary structure was changed. At the same time, the number of capital investment projects was reduced and the related procedure of procurement was changed. VUEZ, as a supplier to the energy sector, had to promptly respond to the changes. That was why in the first half of 2006, the organisational structure of VUEZ was modified. In the course of the year, also the structure of customers on the domestic market was partly changed. To stable partners such as Slovenske elektrarne (and its successors after the company splitting), another important partner was added - Vodohospodarska vystavba s.p. Bratislava. As to Slovenske elektrarne, our supplies were oriented mainly on nuclear reactor units in the Jaslovske Bohunice and Mochovce NPPs. At the end of the year, a joint convention was agreed and concluded on application of the results of the joint research at third parties. In the preparation for the decommissioning of the Jaslovske Bohunice V1 NPP, VUEZ continued its participation in on-going projects of an international consortium of companies. Similarly important were the customers such as CEZ a.s., Czech Republic (in particular its Dukovany NPP), and the Paks NPP (Hungary)

  17. Navázání svazku Ti:Sa laseru do interakční komory v sestavě LIBS+LIFS

    OpenAIRE

    Vémola, Tomáš

    2009-01-01

    Práce se zabývá problematikou navázání svazku Ti:Safírového laseru do interakní komory v soustavě LIBS+LIFS. Cílem je navrhnout optickou soustavu s požadovanými vlastnostmi. Součástí práce je i teoretický popis základních principů atomové spektroskopie s důrazem na metodu LIBS+LIFS. In this work, the problem of focusing Ti:Sapphire laser beam into LIBS+LIFS interaction chamber is resolved. The task is to design an optical setup with demanded properties. Short theoretical description of the...

  18. Jevgenij V. Doc: We do not want to build a monument at Mochovce

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Janoska, J.

    2004-01-01

    In this paper the interview with the General Manager of Inter RAO JES - Jevgenij V. Doc is published. Inter RAO JES applies for the privatisation of Slovenske elektrarne (Slovak Electric - SE). According to the General Manager of Inter RAO JES, the company does not need a foreign partner to provide financial support after the privatisation of SE, but rather it requires a political support. Plans about Bohunice NPP and of completion of the Mochovce NPP as well as of privatisation of the SE by the Inter RAO JES are presented

  19. The biggest investment in the history of Slovakia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon

    2009-01-01

    On 11 June 2009 the General Director and Chairman of the Board of Directors of Slovenske elektrarne Paolo Ruzzini and the Prime Minister of the Slovak Republic Robert Fico announced the signature of contracts with the main suppliers for the completion of units 3 and 4 of Mochovce Nuclear Power Plant. Planned investment of Eur 2.775 billion by 2013 for the Mochovce completion is an important commitment for us and especially in this time, such investment can mitigate the impact of global slowdown in economic growth which impacts Slovakia but also other economies of the world. (author)

  20. The Slovaks support completion of MO34

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Holy, R.

    2007-01-01

    This year (2007) in March a reputable international agency GfK conducted a poll, which was focused primarily on the questions relating to the presence and future of nuclear energy sector in Slovakia as well as brand awareness of Slovenske elektrarne. It results from the poll that 2/3 of Slovak population is not against the completion of Units 3 and 4 of Mochovce NPP (EMO34), and this relates to as much as 87 % of the asked in the region within a 10 km distance from EMO! (author)

  1. Chapter 5. The strategic plans of the Company

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1998-01-01

    In the fifth chapter of this CD ROM the strategic plans of the Slovak Electric, Plc. (Slovenske elektrarne, a.s.), are presented. It consist of next paragraphs (1) The programme of strategic changes (Declaration of the programme; The need for change; Major tasks; The management structure; Interconnections between the PSC target areas; The PSC projects); (2) The development of the Company (The major objectives of the Company; The energy plan of Slovakia; Analysis of development Alternatives; Results of the analysis; Economic comparison of the alternatives; Development of generation, The information system; Strategic goals and legislation). (3) The quality control system

  2. Restructuring of SE, Plc - from a functionally managed company to a process managed commercial-production company

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ravasz, V.

    2004-01-01

    The purpose of this presentation is to inform the participants about present changes currently occurred within Slovenske elektrarne, a. s. (SE, Plc). Changes are related to the liberalisation of the electricity market and expected accession of Slovakia to EU. To support its competitiveness, the SE, Plc became a customer-oriented company, prepared to the access of strategic investor. The paper includes the basic information about centralisation and project of Restructuring of SE, Plc., which has started in December 2003. The aim of Restructuring is the change from functionally managed company to a process managed commercial-production company

  3. Centralisation of informatics (more effective processes via using new technologies)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cocher, L.

    2004-01-01

    In this presentation author deals with next problems of Slovenske elektrarne, Plc (SE): - Centralisation and optimisation of informatics management; - New technologies within Integrated Informatics System IIS-SE: presentation of preliminary Project of 2 nd generation IIS-SE; - Centralisation of the selected data processing. At the present the intensive process of restructuring is taking place in SE, Plc, focused on increasing of the effectiveness of the pursued activities. In connection with this the Informatics section solves two projects: More effective self-management and human resources; Change of Informatics system architecture from decentralised to the centralised ones with an aim to consolidate all information and to make new conditions for higher mobility

  4. Chapter 5. The strategic plans of the Company

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1997-01-01

    In the fifth chapter of this CD ROM the strategic plans of the Slovak Electric, Plc. (Slovenske elektrarne, a.s.), are presented. It consist of next paragraphs (1) The programme of strategic changes (Declaration of the programme; The need for change; Major tasks; The management structure; Interconnections between the PSC target areas; The PSC projects); (2) The development of the Company (The major objectives of the Company; The energy plan of Slovakia; Analysis of development Alternatives; Results of the analysis; Economic comparison of the alternatives; Development of generation, The information system; Strategic goals and legislation). (3) The quality control system

  5. Human factor reliability program

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Knoblochova, L.

    2017-01-01

    The human factor's reliability program was at Slovenske elektrarne, a.s. (SE) nuclear power plants. introduced as one of the components Initiatives of Excellent Performance in 2011. The initiative's goal was to increase the reliability of both people and facilities, in response to 3 major areas of improvement - Need for improvement of the results, Troubleshooting support, Supporting the achievement of the company's goals. The human agent's reliability program is in practice included: - Tools to prevent human error; - Managerial observation and coaching; - Human factor analysis; -Quick information about the event with a human agent; -Human reliability timeline and performance indicators; - Basic, periodic and extraordinary training in human factor reliability(authors)

  6. 2007 - The Year of Turn?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hroch, A.

    2008-01-01

    The year 2007 was the fi rst one after the privatisation of Slovenske Elektrarne, a.s. (SE). It was the first year after the shutdown of V1 Unit 1. It was a year of big challenges, which got into budget (BDG), however, not everything happened as scheduled, so SE production (including V1 and HPPG) resulted in net supply amounting to 21,242.4 GWh, which means 99.35 % plan performance with year-to-year index 0.90. (author)

  7. Slovak Power Plants, Annual Report 2000

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2001-01-01

    A brief report of activities carried out by the Slovenske elektrarne, a.s., in 2000 is presented. These activities are reported under the headings: Address by the Chairman of the board of directors; Major events; Board of directors; Supervisory board; Business strategy and development programme; Organisational structure; Equity investments in other companies; Basic data on generation units; Management and operation of the Slovak Republic's power systems; Transmission system of the Slovak Republic; Electricity sales; Heat sales; Safety at work and health protection and fire protection; Customer services; Investment programme; Research and development; Environmental protection; Nuclear safety; International co-operation; Human resources; Information systems; Telecommunications; Auditor report; Balance sheet

  8. La Fiat e la AutoVAZ di Togliatti. Alla ricerca del fordismo perduto

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valentina Fava

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In 1966 Vittorio Valletta, Fiat president, and the representatives of the Soviet Government signed the agreement that led to the building of the VAZ -Volzhsky Avtomobilny Zavod, a gigantic automobile plant. The Fiat-Soviet plant fostered the entrance of the Soviet Union (USSR in the «Automotive Century» and gave place to the first massive East-West transfer of technology and knowledge in the automobile sector of the century. The paper underscores the reasons of Fiat interest in the Soviet market, underlying how the deal had been coordinated with the Italian entrepreneurial elites and partially backed by the American Administration. Furthermore, the paper sheds light on the channels that Fiat used to enter in the Soviet market - focusing especially Fiat's agent, Piero Savoretti.

  9. Recent history of Mochovce Nuclear Power Plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Holy, R.

    1999-01-01

    Mochovce Nuclear Power Plant has been an open project involving a wide international co-operation of numerous organisations of countries stretching from the Atlantic coast up to the Urals that make it a truly European project. The units at Mochovce are the later V-213 type of Soviet-designed WWER-440 reactors. They therefore incorporate a number of improvements over the earlier V-230 type. There are four units at Mochovce site: unit 1 has been in operation since summer 1998, unit 2 is currently in the stage of commissioning tests and scheduled for operation by the end of this year, and unit 3 and 4 are still waiting for the final governmental decision about their completion, currently 40% and 30% completed respectively. Beginning in 1981, the construction works were stopped in early 90's due to the decision on replacement of the original I and C system, as well as lack of funding afterwards. Slovenske elektrarne, a.s. have been working to resuscitate the project focusing initially on completion of the units 1 and 2 with assistance of western companies. one month later the governmental guarantees were given for loans and Slovenske elektrarne signed loan agreements to finance the project completion, as well as construction completion agreements with contractors. (Author)

  10. Enel waiting for the state to act first

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon

    2005-01-01

    Enel will only answer the basic question whether Slovenske elektrarne will complete the reactors 3 and 4 in nuclear power plant in Mochovce next year. Initial analyses made by Enel indicate that the completion of Mochovce would cost over 60 billions Sk (1,54 billions EUR). Since National Property Fund has approved the strategic investment plan two more conditions have to be met before Enel can acquire Slovenske elektrarne. The first condition is that a part of the company assets has to taken over by state owned joint stock company GovCo. This regards reactor V-1 in nuclear power plant Jaslovske Bohunice that should be made ready for closure by end of 2008, damaged reactor A-1, nuclear equipment decommissioning and disposal unit VYZ and hydroelectric power plant in Gabcikovo. The other condition that still has to be fulfilled is passing of a new act on disposal of nuclear power generating equipment. The new act should distribute the fund's resources amongst the individual nuclear energy sources. M. Arcelli (regional manager of Enel for Slovakia) stresses that the money nuclear power station in Mochovce and V-2 earned and will earn during their time in operation will have to remain in the fund to cover their later liquidation i.e. should not be used on liquidation of reactors V-1 or A-1. (authors)

  11. Review of problems and methods for radiation risk assessment in the environment of a nuclear power plant; Pregled problematike in metodologije ocenjivanja radijacijske nevarnosti za okolico nuklearne elektrane

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Grgic, M [Nuklearni institut ' Jozef Stefan' , Ljubljana (Yugoslavia)

    1966-07-01

    Radiation impact on the nuclear power plant environment is a very important problem which has to be solved during design and construction. Damage that could be caused by release of radioactive material into the environment should be estimated and the magnitude of nuclear and radiation risk of the power plant should be evaluated. In general the accuracy of estimation is rather poor due to statistical fluctuations of the conditions which influence radioactivity expansion in the environment, especially in the air. Different uncertainties and unresolved problems influence the inaccuracy. Since any real risk should be extremely small compared to potential risk i.e. risk induced by nuclear power plant without any safety measures, even inaccurate estimations are very useful. Method for environmental radiation risk assessment is based on relatively simple models of radiation expansion in the environment and in the air. These models are theoretically solved but they are based on relatively limited number of experimental data. Assessment of the radiation effects on the population health and mortality is an important problem. [Slovenian] Radiacijska nevarnost za okolico nuklearne elektrarne je zelo vazen problem, ki ga je treba resiti ze pri projektiranju in gradnji. Treba je oceniti skodo, ki bi jo povzrocila v okolici neka dolocena sprostitev radioaktivnosti in na osnovi tega dimenzionirati ukrepe nuklearne in radiacijske varnosti same elektrarne. Natancnost ocenjevanja je v splosnem zelo slaba. Temu so v precejsnji meri krive statisticne fluktuacije pogojev, ki vplivajo na razsirjanje radioaktivnosti v okolici, ziasti po zraku. Na nenatancnost pa vplivajo tudi razne nejasnosti in se nereseni problemi. Ken pa mora biti dejanska nevarnost izredno majhna v primerjavi s potencialne nevarnostjo oziroma z nevannostjo, ki bi jo predstavjala nuklearna elektrarna, ce bi zanemarili vse varnostne ukrepe, so tudi taksne nenatancne ocene zelo koristne. Metode ocenjevanja radiacijske

  12. IT support of commercial-production companies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hroch, A.

    2004-01-01

    Slovak electricity sector was built from sixties like common entity what can use synergic effects. In the 2002 reorganisation was done, there were created independent joint stock company. There were published new legislative acts, which opened Slovak electricity market for competition. The companies have to change their mine because a business is priority No. 1. Slovenske elektrarne, joint-stock company is under transformation process to build procedural guided trade-production company. As joint project is prepared a new system to control business in to a trading floor, including a risk management, which have to be supported by technological and information tools together with planing, scheduling, directing and controlling of the operation. The all system includes standard modules that fulfil their specific functions. (author)

  13. Final treatment of liquid radioactive wastes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Svolik, S.

    2004-01-01

    Final treatment of liquid radioactive wastes which are produced by 1 st and 2 nd bloc of the Mochovce NPP, prepares the NPP in its natural range. The purpose of the equipment is liquidation of wastes, which are formed at production. Wastes are warehoused in the building of active auxiliary plants in the present time, where are reservoirs in which they are deposited. Because they are already feeling and in 2006 year they should be filled definitely, it is necessary to treat them in that manner, so as they may be liquidated. Therefore the Board of directors of the Slovenske elektrarne has disposed about construction of final treatment of liquid radioactive wastes in the Mochovce NPP. Because of transport the wastes have to be treated in the locality of power plant. Technically, the final treatment of the wastes will be interconnected with building of active operation by bridges. These bridges will transport the wastes for treatment into processing centre

  14. Mochovce Unit 3 and 4 Completion

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aquilanti, G.

    2007-01-01

    Purpose of the Feasibility Study was to define in detail all technical, economic, financial, legal and authorization aspects of Mochovce NPP Unit 3 and 4 completion in order to provide Slovenske Elektrarne, a. s. (SE) and ENEL Top Management with all the necessary information for a final decision on Mochovce Unit 3 and 4. Feasibility study has started in January 2006. SE had the commitment to complete the Feasibility Study within 12 months from Closing of SE acquisition (April 2007). In order not to delay completion of Mochovce Unit 3 and 4, SE has decided to perform, in parallel to the Feasibility study, also all design and permitting activities which are required for the completion of Plant. This has involved anticipation of expenses for approximately 700 MSKK (or approx. 20 MEuro). SE was able to announce the positive decision about completion on Mochovce NPP Unit 3 and 4, two months in advance of the deadline.

  15. ESTE AI (Annual Impacts) - the program for calculation of radiation doses caused by effluents in routine releases to the atmosphere and to the hydrosphere

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Carny, P.; Suchon, D.; Smejkalova, E.; Fabova, V.

    2009-01-01

    ESTE AI is a program for calculation of radiation doses caused by effluents in routine releases to the atmosphere and to the hydrosphere. Doses to the members of critical groups of inhabitants in the vicinity of NPP are calculated and as a result, critical group is determined. The program enables to calculate collective doses as well. Collective doses to the inhabitants living in the vicinity of the NPP are calculated. ESTE AI calculates doses to the whole population of Slovakia from the effluents of the specific plant. In this calculation, global nuclides are included and assumed, as well. The program enables to calculate and to document beyond-border radiological impacts of effluents caused by routine operation of NPP. ESTE AI was approved by the 'Public Health Authority of the Slovak Republic' and is used as legal instrument by Slovenske elektrarne a.s., NPP Bohunice. (authors)

  16. Centralisation of informatics (more effective processes via using new technologies)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cocher, L.

    2004-01-01

    In this paper author deals with next problems of Slovenske elektrarne, Plc (SE): - Centralisation and optimisation of informatics management; - New technologies within Integrated Informatics System IIS-SE: presentation of preliminary Project of 2 nd generation IIS-SE; - Centralisation of the selected data processing. At the present the intensive process of restructuring is taking place in SE, Plc, focused on increasing of the effectiveness of the pursued activities. In connection with this the Informatics section solves two projects: More effective self-management and human resources; Change of Informatics system architecture from decentralised to the centralised ones with an aim to consolidate all information and to make new conditions for higher mobility. (author)

  17. ESTE AI (Annual Impacts) - the program for calculation of radiation doses caused by effluents in routine releases to the atmosphere and to the hydrosphere

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Carny, P.; Suchon, D.; Smejkalova, E.; Fabova, V.

    2008-01-01

    ESTE AI is a program for calculation of radiation doses caused by effluents in routine releases to the atmosphere and to the hydrosphere. Doses to the members of critical groups of inhabitants in the vicinity of NPP are calculated and as a result, critical group is determined. The program enables to calculate collective doses as well. Collective doses to the inhabitants living in the vicinity of the NPP are calculated. ESTE AI calculates doses to the whole population of Slovakia from the effluents of the specific plant. In this calculation, global nuclides are included and assumed, as well. The program enables to calculate and to document beyond-border radiological impacts of effluents caused by routine operation of NPP. ESTE AI was approved by the 'Public Health Authority of the Slovak Republic' and is used as legal instrument by Slovenske elektrarne a.s., NPP Bohunice. (authors)

  18. Annual report 2001

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2002-01-01

    A brief account of activities carried out by the Slovenske elektrarne, a.s. (Slovak Electric, plc) is presented. These activities are reported under the following headings: (1) Year in brief - major events; (2) Statement of the Chairman of the Board of directors; (3) Structure of the company; (4) Board of directors; (5) Supervisory board; (6) Shareholders; (7) Equity holdings of the company; (8) Company strategy; (9) Generation electricity and heat; (10) Trade in electricity and heat; (11) Operation of the transmission systems of the Slovak Republic; (12) Investment; (13) International co-operation; (14) Nuclear safety; (15) Environment; (16) Human resources; (17) Report on the financial statements of the company; (18) Balance sheet; (19) Auditor's report; (20) Abbreviations

  19. In sustainable way with nuclear energy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kopriva, J.; Svolik, S.; Placek, V.

    2009-01-01

    Company, which wants to be successful in an open market, must continuously improve its existing production capacities taking into account competitiveness - by improving safety and reliability, minimising the risk of damages and losses due to unplanned outages.. At the same time the company has to optimise operation, e.g. by shortening of the planned outages, decreasing emissions and waste, water and fuel consumption, automatisation as well as using the reserves of existing production equipment. Based on the last mentioned example the company Slovenske elektrarne is an excellent company, which after the shut down of unit 1 in the state-owned V1 Bohunice NPP, was able to deliver 150 MWe of new capacity to the grid in the period 2008- 2009 (or 180 MWe by 2010), and thus increase energy security in Slovakia. (authors)

  20. Slovak Electric, Plc., 1997

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1997-06-01

    Slovenske elektrarne, a.s. (Slovak Electric, Plc.) was established on November 1, 1994 as one entity among new entities created as successors to the former Slovensky energeticky podnik. The subject activity is the generation of electric power, operation of transmission 220 kV and 400 kV systems, transit, import, export, and sales of electric power. Besides these activities the company deals with generation, distribution, and sales of heat. The company operates one nuclear power station, three thermal power plants, and thirty hydro power plants. One nuclear Power plant is under construction (state up tu June 1997). On this CD ROM next chapters are presented: (1) The structure of the company; (2) The production Units; (3) The economic power of the company; (4) The operation culture of the company; (5) The strategic plans of the company

  1. SE and ENEL - One Year Together One Year after Privatization

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon

    2007-01-01

    In Bratislava, one year ago, exactly in April 28, the privatization deal of a 66% stake in Slovenske elektrarne (SE) was finally closed. The Slovak government and the Italian company ENEL signed final documents and ENEL thus definitely entered into SE. In May 2006, Miroslav Pikus, a former CEO, was replaced by Marco Arcelli, who, as a regional manager for Slovakia, had been preparing the entry of ENEL into SE since March 2005. Not only did he sometimes cook for us, in his 'kitchen' but also there were prepared 160 investment projects, e.g the improvement of nuclear safety and resistance of the Bohunice power plant, electricity sale through the so-called 'virtual power plant', ensuring a non-attended operation in hydro power plants, reconstruction and modernization of the Orava and Dobsina hydro power plants. (author)

  2. Are we ready for a change?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Paulikova, A.; Biro, R.

    2008-01-01

    From 1 January 2009 the organisational change at the Operation and Maintenance Division of the Slovenske elektrarne, a. s. becomes a reality. The organisational changes were approved in the Board of Directors and the Supervisory Board of the Company. A request for the approval of changes was sent to the Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic together with an explanatory report. We expect the decision on the approval of the changes by 10 December 2008. We have prepared a change implementation schedule, which we monitor in order to comply with all necessary conditions for change implementation. Structures and activities of the new units have been defined. Managers have prepared job descriptions for the newly established job positions and are analysing the need of 'additional training' for the employees whose job description is to change. (author)

  3. Development and implementation of symptom based EOP for Mochovce NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zold, T.

    1999-01-01

    In this lecture the history and problems concerning the development and implementation of symptom based emergency operating procedures at the Mochovce NPP are reviewed. In order to increase the safety of nuclear installations and their operation at Mochovce a new programme of Safety measures has been worked out, the core of which are the safety rules administratively labeled as OP-02 introducing the symptom - oriented Emergency operating procedures. Following the selection of partners by the Slovenske Elektrarne power Company a contract was signed with US Westinghouse to work out symptom - based EOPs for the Mochovce power plant to be certified by a letter of approval by Westinghouse in November 1998. Subsequent phases of whole programme for development of EOPs were divided as follows: Phase 1 - Preparation phase; Phase 2 - Emergency operating guideline development and Phase 3 - Emergency operating procedures development and validation

  4. CEZ considering building a power station in Slovakia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Janoska, J.

    2004-01-01

    General Manager of Czech concern CEZ, Martin Roman expecting that his company would probably not succeed in tender for Slovenske elektrarne (SE) shares said for BBC that CEZ was considering the possibility of building a thermal power station in Slovakia that would use Polish coal. He made this statement in a time when an approval by the Slovak cabinet was the only missing step to complete the approval process of contractual documentation related to privatization of SE through Italian Enel. The cabinet only discusses the issue on Wednesday as Slovak Minister of Finance raised objections to its contents. Ivan Miklos asked for guarantees that the state would not be responsible for any future risks resulting from long term contracts concluded by SE

  5. SE debt restructuring plan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Janoska, J.

    2003-01-01

    Slovenske elektrarne, a.s. (SE) plans to restructure one's own debts in 2003-2005. Debt restructuring plan is following: 2003: Collection of pre-payment on electricity - 60 million Euro (2.5 billion Slovak crowns), consumer unknown. Own promissory notes in total value of 100 million US$ (3.5 billion Slovak crowns) - in process. Sale of claims worth 2.4 billion Slovak crowns (57.21 million Euro) - negotiations in process. 2003/2004: Restructuring of loans payable IV. quarter 2003 and at the beginning of 2004 in value of 200 million Euro (8.3 billion Slovak crowns). Aim of SE is a new credit payable within 7 years, with instalments payable in the last two to three without any state subsidies. 2005: Loans worth 460 million Euro (189 billion Slovak crowns) will still remain. SE want to negotiate them with banks without state support

  6. Borate compound content reduction in liquid radioactive waste from nuclear power plants with VVER reactor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Szalo, A.; Zatkulak, M.

    2000-01-01

    This paper describes the current status of liquid waste (evaporator concentrates) inventory at V-1 and V-2 NPPs in Jaslovske Bohunice and the intention to separate boron from them with respect to waste minimisation and improvement of physical and chemical properties for further waste treatment and conditioning. Preliminary results of laboratory experiments concerned to borate crystallisation after pH adjustment with nitric or formic acid performed in the 1998 are given. At the present time laboratory experiments continuing - next acids, coagulation with carbon oxide, electrolytic process, ion exchange resin, study of decontamination factors, immobilization of boric acid, decrease radioactivity, purification of boron-contained compounds. Slovenske Elektrarne have accumulated 7,000 m 3 of evaporator concentrates containing 100-180 g/l borate. In order to make more storage space available, it is proposed to remove some of the borate in the liquor by precipitation as sodium tetraborate and immobilise in either cement of bitumen. The supernate can be further volume reduced by evaporation and returned to the tanks. Slovenske Elektrarne are currently evaluating acid addition to the pH 12-13 concentrate to reduce the borate solubility. However, this adds to the salt burden of the waste through this chemical addition -thus creating future increases in conditioning and disposal costs. Boric acid is used in pressurized water as a soluble neutron poison to control reactivity and also to assure a safety margin in the spent fuel pool and during refuelling operations. Boric acid is also present in the water reserved for injection into the reactor in the event of postulated accidents. (author)

  7. Emancipatorni potencial gibanj v vstajah v Sloveniji 2012–2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lana Zdravković

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Prispevek premišljuje emancipatorni potencial gibanj v vstajah 2012–2013, najbolj silovitih v zgodovini samostojne Slovenije. Ne glede na njihovo organizacijsko obliko (iniciativa, kolektiv, neformalno združenje, društvo, zavod, politična stranka …, čas nastanka ali številčnost je v središču predvsem njihovo razumevanje politike in potencial za razvoj strategij za politično delovanje. Pri tem avtorica izhajam iz temeljnega aksioma, da resen premislek o politiki nujno vključuje premislek o temeljni radikalni enakosti med ljudmi, to je politiki emancipacije, ki ji je inherentna egalitarna norma. Analiza temelji na intervjujih s sogovorniki iz 19 gibanj, aktivnih v času vstaj, in pokaže na nasprotja, ki so se vzpostavila med gibanji znotraj paradigme »možnega«, kjer je politika razumljena kot vladavina, in tista na področju »nemožnega«, to je izumljanja prostorov politike, ki bi temeljili na radikalni enakosti onkraj boja za oblast.

  8. Evaluating environmental effects of oil spills by simulating the behaviour and spreading of oil on the sea surface

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Goncharov, V.K.; Ivanov, I.V.; Sokolov, A.N.

    2005-01-01

    The area of polluted surface of the sea and the volume of crude oil carried to the coastline are the main parameters that determine ecological damage. This paper considered some of the problems surrounding the assessment of environmental impacts caused by oil spills in the marine environment. Assessment of potential damage involves the analysis of many possible scenarios and the conditions that accompany them, including varying weather conditions. Computer simulations of the behaviour of spilled oil on the sea surface along with other criteria allow for the evaluation of the predicted scenario. Computer simulations provide knowledge of the spreading and drift of oil, as well as its volume and thickness. Knowledge of the following factors, combined with a knowledge of weather conditions is important in emergency response planning: vulnerability of oil pollution areas on shore; calculation of impact factors; detection of vulnerability to oil pollution; the possibility of incidents of the inadmissible oil pollution forecast; and results of a simulation of 48 hour drift of oil slick formed due to a spill in Devkin Zavod Bay. Adequate meteorological information is crucial for the development of valid data. Further progress is currently being developed for specific water areas around oil fields, tanker routes, seabed crude oil pipeline, wind currents, heaving, hydrological and environmental characteristics of sea water. 5 refs., 3 figs

  9. Starry Cities and Astrolies - Books to communicate with the public

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stanic, N.

    2008-06-01

    Extragalactic worlds have been presented as star cities in a book of original design - STARRY CITIES - galaxies and time travel, the first book about galaxies written in Serbian for the general public. This book isn't written just for those interested in science, but for all kind of artists, philosophers and thinkers. A second book, ASTROLIES deals with common confusions concerning astronomy and astrology. These two books don't only offer interesting illustrations, data from the latest astronomical observations and currently accepted cosmological theories - they induce, by provoking curiosity in a specific and witty way, a sense of adventure and a challenge to explore. The publisher of both books is the oldest and the biggest publisher of text-books in Serbia, Zavod za udzbenike i nastavna sredstva2, currently celebrating 50 years in publishing (1957-2007). They already publish a dozen books in popular astronomy, but a special astronomical series for the general public was introduced in 2004. STARRY CITIES and ASTROLIES are part of the ongoing multidisciplinary project Astronomy. Inspiration. Art that started at the end of 2004 at the Public Observatory in Belgrade. This project intends to inspire (or perhaps even "infect") artists with cosmic themes and the fantastic scenery of the Universe.

  10. Environmental report 2005

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ruzzini, P.

    2006-01-01

    This is the tenth Environmental Report we have been regularly issuing annually since 1996 in order to give you information about our efforts and activities taken in the environmental protection area and, at the same time, to keep the mutual dialogue on a standard high level. The year 2005 was not easy for Slovenske elektrarne, a.s. Our company was subject to complicated internal changes to implement as effective company management model as possible. We strove, above all, to enhance the process management system that had already been developed previously. It is true that we also had to resolve personnel matters when looking for an effective power engineering company management model and we had to part from many of our colleagues during that stage. The second priority task we faced was to make preparations for the takeover of our company by the Italian company ENEL, S.p.A., and to complete the privatization process covering 66 % of Slovenske elektrarne, a.s., stock. It was especially the second half of 2005 that brought very intensive mutual discussions and working negotiations held on all management levels. The third, but not less significant, task consisted in detaching the assets which would not be covered by the privatization, namely to detach the Set of Gabcikovo Hydro Power Plants, to detach the VYZ - Decommissioning of Nuclear Installations, Radioactive Treatment and Spent Fuel Management Plant and the EBO V-1 Plant. Despite relatively complicated conditions and the opened and liberalized market in the Slovak Republic, our company produced 26,470,901 MWh of electricity whereby the target was met to 115.00 %. Our company kept the stability of the electric power supply system of the Slovak Republic, despite a complicated situation in the area of electric power supplies in Europe. We can really state that we produced in a safe, reliable, ecological and economical manner. The reliable operations of nuclear power plants in Jaslovske Bohunice and Mochovce where 17

  11. The later investment starts, the more expensive it will be

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Marcan, P.; Slovak, K.

    2007-01-01

    In this paper the interview with Martin Roman, Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Czech Energy Group, CEZ is published. Most important parts of this interview is there presented. M. Roman considers windmills and other renewable energy sources are viable, but they will not save the energy sector. According to the director of one of the largest Central European companies, concerns about a shortage of electricity are unreasonable. Nevertheless, the later the investment starts, the more expensive it will be. CEZ continues to look to the Balkans and Russia, but in addition to a power plant to be built in cooperation with Slovnaft, it can also see room for investment in Slovakia? You are preparing the upgrading? of your coal burning plants in the Czech Republic. In terms of emissions, coal is the worst alternative. Do you expect the cancellation of the EU emissions trading scheme after 2012? We believe that emissions trading will also exist after 2012. The scheme may be even stricter that today. We believe that in the future it may be even more finance-consuming for the companies. We have the advantage that the power plants being upgraded are located directly at the source of high quality black coal. The calculations are satisfactory and therefore it will be profitable for us. Wouldn't gas be a cleaner and cheaper alternative? We deal with gas as well, but coal came first as it is simpler for us. The power plants already exist and we don't need any extra permission. To put it simply, it is easier to renew an existing power plant than to build a completely new one? Is the strict attitude of the Slovak government towards Slovenske elektrarne helpful to you and other competitors? Certainly, each government exerts tough pressure on the company that controls the major part of the market? CEZ is a similar giant that even controls the distribution? But in the Czech Republic we do not have such a share of production as Slovenske elektrarne in Slovakia

  12. A study of the mechanism of certain heterogeneous catalytic processes using C{sup 14}-labelled compounds; Utilisation de composes marques au carbone-14 pour l'etude du mecanisme de certains processus catalytiques heterogenes; Issledovanie mekhanizma nekotorykh geterogenno-kataliticheskikh protsessov s primeneniem soedinenij, mechennykh uglerodom-14; Estudio del mecanismo de algunos procesos de catalisis heterogenea con ayuda de compuestos marcados con carbono-14

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Isagulyants, G V; Balandin, A A

    1962-03-15

    An investigation is made of the method of calculating individual phase velocities for parallel, consecutive and parallel-consecutive reactions from kinetic data obtained by the use of labelled atoms. The method is used for calculating individual phase velocities in the decomposition reaction of isopropyl alcohol into vanadium trioxides, dehydrogenations of butane-butylene mixtures and dehydrations of ethyl alcohol. Compounds containing C{sup 14} were used in this study. (author) [French] Le memoire expose une methode par laquelle on calcule les vitesses a differents stades dans les reactions paralleles, consecutives et paralleles-consecutives en se servant de donnees cinetiques obtenues par l'utilisation d'atomes indicateurs. Cette methode est utilisee pour le calcul des vitesses a differents stades de la decomposition de l'alcool isopropylique par le trioxyde de vanadium, de la deshydrogenation des melanges butane-butylene et de la deshydratation de l'alcool ethylique. Pour ces travaux, on a utilise des composes contenant du carbone-14. (author) [Spanish] Se describe un metodo de calculo de las velocidades correspondientes a las distintas etapas de una serie de reacciones paralelas, consecutivas y paralelo-consecutivas, partiendo de datos cineticos obtenidos mediante atomos marcados. El metodo se aplica a la determinacion de las velocidades de las reacciones de descomposicion del alcohol isopropilico por el trioxido de vanadio, de deshidrogenacion de mezclas de butano y buteno y de deshidratacion del alcohol etilico. El trabajo se llevo a cabo con ayuda de compuestos marcados con carbono-14. (author) [Russian] Rassmotren metod rascheta skorostej otdel'nykh stadij dlya parallel'nykh, konsekutivnykh i parallel'no-konsekutivnykh reaktsij, iskhodya iz kineticheskikh dannykh, poluchennykh s primeneniem mechenykh atomov. Metod primenen k raschetu skorostej otdel'nykh stadij v reaktsii razlozheniya izopropilovogo spirta na trekhokisi vanadiya, degidrogenizatsii butan

  13. The Use of the Moessbauer Effect in Investigating the Chemical Effects of Nuclear Transmutations in Oxygenous Compounds of Manganese and Tin; Utilisation de l'Effet Moessbauer pour l'Etude des Effets Chimiques des Transformations Nucleaires dans les Composes de Manganese et d'Etain; 0418 0421 0421 041b 0415 0414 ; Empleo del Efecto Moessbauer para Investigar las Transformaciones Nucleares de Compuestos Oxigenados de Estano y de Manganeso

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nesmejanov, An. N.; Babeshkin, A. M.; Kosev, N. P.; Bekker, A. A.; Lebedev, V. A. [Moskovskij Gosudarstvennyj Universitet Im. M.V. Lomonosova, Moskva, SSSR (Russian Federation)

    1965-04-15

    7} a 10{sup 8} neutrones/cm{sup 2} * s emitido por una fuente de polonio-berilio. Los atomos calientes de {sup 56}Mn que se forman pueden ser hepta y tetravalentes o presentar estados de oxidacion inferiores. A partir de las muestras (SnO y SnO{sub 2}), irradiadas en un reactor con un flujo de 2,2 * 10{sup 13} neutrones/cm{sup 2}- s durante 1800 h, prepararon directamente fuentes para investigar la absorcion por resonancia de los cuantos gamma en un aparato que funciona a velocidad constante. Como absorbentes utilizaron los correspondientes compuestos de estano. Los atomos de retroceso del {sup 119m}Sn solo se han observado en el estado tetravalente. Basandose en los datos obtenidos, los autores examinan el mecanismo de estabilizacion de los atomos de retroceso. (author) [Russian] Obychnye metody izuchenija himicheskogo sostojanija atomov otdachi (himicheskij analiz, hromatografija, jelektroforez), svjazannye s fazovymi perehodami, takzhe kak i otzhig, dajut vozmozhnost' lish' kosvenno sudit' o mehanizme stabilizacii gorjachih atomov. Pri analize metodom rezonansnogo pogloshhenija gamma-kvantov bez otdachi v obrazec ne vnosjatsja nikakie izmenenija, mogushhie povlijat' na formy stabilizacii dazhe, esli oni malo ustojchivy. V nastojashhbj rabote issledovalis' formy stabilizacii atomov otdachi marganca-56 v obluchennyh rastvorah i tverdyh obrazcah permanganata, a takzhe olova-119{sup m} v dvuokisi i okisi olova. Obrazcy permanganata obluchalis' v parafinovom bloke na polonij-berillievom istochnike s potokom nejtronov 10{sup 7} - 10{sup 8} n/sm{sup 2}/sek. Gorjachie atomy marganca-56 obrazujutsja v +7,+ 4 i nizshih valentnyh sostojanijah. Iz obrazcov ( SnO i SnO{sub 2}), obluchennyh na reaktore potokom 2,2 * 10{sup 13} n/cm{sup 2}/sek v techenie 1800 chasov, neposredstvenno gotovilis' istochniki dlja issledovanija rezonansnogo pogloshhenija gamma-kvantov na ustanovke, rabotajushhej v rezhime postojannoj skorosti. V kachestve poglotitelej ispol

  14. Ivan Zajc's Bulgarian Songs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefanka Georgieva

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available On the basis of newly discovered historiographic documents, this study traces the »biography« of Ivan Zajc’s Bulgarian songs. It specifies some disputed details with regard to the numbering and structure of two vocal cycles; it submits a transcript of a music sheet of the song Robstvo (The Yoke, op. 843a and the original of an unknown composition Majko kleta (Poor Mother on the verses of the Bulgarian poet Ivan Vazov which has not been registered by Hubert Pettan in Zajc’s catalogue of works. This exploration, together with the historiographic focus, highlights the connection of these opuses with the Bulgarian poetry which gained wide popularity through the anthology Bulgarian Songs by August Harambašić. Indeed, some details which Zajc indicated on the title pages of his scores, lead to this assumption. At the same time, the spread of the songs in Bulgaria indicates the connection of the Croatian composer with Bulgarian musicians, choral societies, schools etc., as a result of which in the first decade of the 20th century Zagreb’s Hrvatski glazbeni zavod became an attractive educational centre for many young Bulgarian people. Ivan Zajc’s Bulgarian Songs have not only enriched the artistic repertoire of Bulgarian choral societies. They outline one of the lines of active multicultural transfer between Bulgaria and Croatia on the border between the last decades of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th centuries. The melodies of his marches, creating the spirit of the struggles for national liberation of Bulgarian nation, have become part of the newly created national musical culture and have been often accepted as Bulgarian in their origin.

  15. Ziar nad Hronom will be heated by an underground heat plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Stiegel, J.

    1999-01-01

    The World Bank and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development are concerned in co-participation in funding a project for utilising geothermal ground water in heating premises in Ziar nad Hronom. The project implementations costs will be running at U.S.$18 million, of which the two bank institutions would provide for a non-specified part in the form of credit. In heating residential houses, production and commercial infrastructure of Ziar nad Hronom, 72 thousand tonnes of coal are consumed annually to generate 810 TJ heat. By implementing the new project there will be over 100 TJ savings, with a new more efficient distribution hot water network and 39 reconstructed heat exchange station making for effective consumption of heat. The current heat plant will only serve as an auxiliary source under extremely chilly weather conditions with an expected coal consumption of at most 9 thousand tonnes. In addition to cost implications, the geothermal water heating will make a significant contribution through environmental impact. Ecologists calculated that by shutting down the solid fuel burning heat plant the air burden will be reduced by 59 thousand tonnes of carbon dioxide, 290 tonnes of sulfur dioxide, 48 tonnes of nitrogen oxide, 230 tonnes of dust and nearly 12 tonnes of ash. The implementer of the project scheduled to complete in 2001 is a subsidiary of the joint-stock company Zavod SNP - Geothermal, Ltd, Ziar nad Hronom. Aimed at geothermal water sampling in the depth of some 2,500 meters, a trial drill at Ziarska kotlina - site Varticka will last roughly till April 9 1999. The drilling set of Nafta Gbely erected on December 21, 1998 is technically capable of reaching the depth 2,800 meter, just in case that the geothermal water level is lower than the expected 2,500 m. In all In all Nafta Gbely staffs will carry out two production and two reinjection drills. (author)

  16. Acute Peritonitis and Nonspecific Resistance Factors in the Administration of Ozonized Perfluorane (Experimental Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. M. Golubev

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: to study the effect of ozonized perfluorane on the natural course of acute of fecal peritonitis and congenital (nonspecific immunity factors during its intraperitoneal administration. Materials and methods. Perfluorane and saline solution were ozonized bubbling with a mixture of ozone and oxygen at a rate of 0.5 l/min and at a preset ozone concentration of 3000 flg/l on a Medozons — BM AOT — H-01-Arz-91 ozonator (OAO «Arzamasskiy Priborostroitelnyi Zavod» for 15 minutes. The concentration of ozone was measured in the solutions on a NF 254/1 spectrophotometer. Experiments were carried out on 200 non-inbred albino male rats in 4 series of experiments. After simulating fecal peritonitis by the procedure developed by S. S. Remennik, the animals were intraperitoneally injected ozonized perfluorane (Series 1, ozonized saline solution (Series 2, perfluorane (Series 3, and saline solution (Series 4 on the basis of 1.5 ml per 100 g of weight. Nine intact rats were used as a control. Results. The congenital immunity parameters (phagocytic block, intracellular and serum bactericidal activities were studied. An association was found between the clinical course and the degree of nonspecific immunity suppression. The ozonized perfluorane was ascertained to have a more significant protective action on nonspecific immunity factors than perfluorane or the ozonized saline solution. The factors under study were significantly decreased when saline solution was administered, and with this there was a mass mortality of Series 4 rats on days 2—14 of the experiment. Conclusion. The therapeutic effect of the ozonized perfluorane is due to the activation of phagocytic mononuclear leukocytes and their increased count, to the antibacterial activity of ozone and the protective action on the nonspecific link of the body’s immunological resistance.

  17. Radioactive preparation of defects in solids; Creation de defauts dans les solides au moyen de radioisotopes; Ispol'zovanie radioaktivnosti dlya obrazovaniya defektov v tverdykh telakh; Creacion de deiectos en los solidos mediante radioisotopos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lambe, J [Physics Department, Ford Motor Company, Scientific Laboratory, Dearborn, MI (United States)

    1962-01-15

    zaklyuchaetsya prosto v izgotovlenii po vozmozhnosti chistogo materiala, i vvedenii v nego kakikh libo postoronnikh radioaktivnykh atomov. Pri raspade ehtikh atomov dochernie produkty obrazuyut znachitel'noe kolichestvo defektov. V kachestve prostogo sposoba proverki osushchestvimosti takogo metoda on byl ispol'zovan dlya zakhvata atomov tritiya v kristall tverdogo molekulyarnogo tritiya. EHti opyty pokazyvayut, chto nastoyashchij metod osushchestvim i dolzhen najti sebe osoboe shirokoe primenenie v poluchenii svobodnykh radikalov v organicheskikh veshchestvakh, imeyushchikh dostatochnuyu stojkost' protiv radiatsii. (author)

  18. Enel expects privatization to be completed

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon

    2006-01-01

    The collapse of the coalition will probably mean that the sale of state-owned stakes in two distribution companies and all the heating plants will not be completed and nor will privatisation at Zapadoslovenska energetika. Most important for the energy sector is uncertainty regarding the major privatization project of this government - finding a new owner of 66% of Slovenske elektrarne shares. The state expects to receive about 32 billion Slovak crowns (842.105 million EUR) from Enel for this stake. 'The cabinet has approved the privatization under certain conditions and those have to be met now,' answered the leader of the KDH deputy's club, Pavol Minarik, to the question whether the cabinet would still be able to muster sufficient votes in parliament to pass the Act on the national nuclear account. All other so-called delaying conditions are in the competence of the cabinet or the Ministry of Economy of the Slovak Republic and the opposition, which opposes privatization, cannot influence them. The act will address the financing of debts related to the liquidation of the V1 and A1 nuclear power plants. (authors)

  19. The Modernization Program and Power Up-rate at NPP V2 Jaslovske Bohunice, Slovak Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Reznik, Vladivoj; Krajmer, Imrich

    2010-01-01

    Slovenske Elektrarne, a.s. is a second largest utility company in the Central and Eastern Europe that owns an optimal production portfolio comprised of nuclear, thermal and hydroelectric power plants. There are two nuclear power plants Bohunice and Mochovce both operate with two units and another two units Mochovce 3 and 4 are currently under construction. Electricity at Nuclear power plant Bohunice V2 is generated by two 440 MW units that had gradually been connected to the power network over the period between 1984 and 1985. In the construction of the nuclear power plant V2 the concept of pressurized water reactors was adopted and the Soviet-era design WWER 440 used. The upgrading of Nuclear Power Plant Bohunice V2 is based on three main points: Modernization, Power up-rate, and Ageing monitoring program. The main targets of the modernization project were: Increasing of the Nuclear Safety and of the Nuclear operational reliability, and Seismic improvement. This modernization program is in full compliance with IAEA requirements and with the decisions from the Nuclear Regulatory Agency of the Slovak Republic (UJD) and achievement of the probabilistic safety criteria in accordance with IAEA recommendations. Except that is ensured a safe, reliable, economical and effective electricity and heat generation. Achieved results are based for further prolongation of the operation life time up to 60 years. (authors)

  20. Completion of the VVER 440/213 NPP Mochovce incorporation enhanced safety features

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Charbonneau, S.; Eckert, G.

    1996-01-01

    The cooperation between the western countries and the countries of ex-eastern block in the field of nuclear safety is recent and still limited. The main reasons for this situation are limited or non existent capabilities of these countries for financing as well as non acceptable legal conditions concerning the third party nuclear liability in this part of Europe. Nevertheless, Framatome and Siemens associated in the consortium named EUCOM, have signed in April 1996 the contract of about 100 million US dollars with Slovak electricity company (SLOVENSKE ELEKTRARNE-SE) for upgrading the Units 1 and 2 of Mochovce Nuclear Power Plant according to the western safety standards. This is the first important project involving west-european companies in the modernisation of Russian type of pressurized water reactor (VVER 440/213). The consortium will cooperate with other partners involved in the project: Slovak, Czech and Russian. The financing of the project will be provided mainly form Slovak and Czech sources. The safety upgrading will be financed through French and German buyer credits. French company Electricite de France (EDF) will be the consultant for SE. The safety upgrading measures have been elaborated taking into account the recommendation of Vienna International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and the evaluation of the safety realised by RISKAUDIT, the common organization of German and French safety authorities (GSR and IPSN). Hence all guaranties have been taken to fulfil the western safety criteria for Nuclear Power Plant Mochovce. (author)

  1. Slovak Electric, plc. (Annual report 1999)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2000-01-01

    A brief account of activities carried out by the Slovenske Elektrarne, a.s. in 1999 is presented. These activities are reported under the headings: (1) Address; (2) Significant events; (3) SE, a.s., Board of directors; (4) SE, a.s., Supervisory Board; (5) Business strategy and development programme; (6) SE, a.s., Organisational structure; (7) A layout of SE, a.s., Branch plants and Headquarters; (8) SE, a.s., Capital investment in other trading companies; (9) Basic data; (10) Electricity generation; (11) Supply heat generation; (12) Management and operation of the Slovak Republic's power systems; (13) Slovak transmission system parameters; (14) Transmission system of the Slovak Republic; (15) Electricity trading; (16) Heat trading; (17) Safety and health protection at work and fire protection; (18) Services to electricity consumers; (19) Investment programme; (20) Scientific and development; (22) Environment protection; (23) Nuclear safety; (24) Quality system; (25) International co-operation; (26) Centrel; (27) Human resources; (28) Informatics; (29) Telecommunications; (30) Auditor's report; (31) Balance sheet; (32) Income analysis; (33) Cash-flow summary as of 31 December 1999

  2. It's done... or the unmanned operation in hydro power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chudy, M.

    2009-01-01

    Looking back at the two years of activities performed while launching the individual Hydro Power Plants (HPP) of the Slovenske elektrarne, a.s. into the unmanned operation, there was 'quantum' of work done during the implementation of each new HPP in the area of group output regulation, substation management, failure and alarm record and evaluation system, technological and information service. It is a good feeling to see the results of the work - when it works. Someone could say that we just test the project at one HPP and the others just get implemented. The fact that the HPPs differ from each other brings its specifics, which needed to be handled individually in the SW or HW area, or in terms of communication. We should definitely mention the enthusiasm and helpfulness of the employees even at the cost of their free time spent in launching the power plants into unmanned operation. The reward for the hours spent dealing with the technical issues and revealing the shortcomings in the whole operation management process is today in the greater possibilities of gaining an overviews of the events in the operation of each HPP or TG generation unit. However, our hands are little less free to perform interventions in the control systems - time for the maintenance - necessary planning of the outages - coordination within the operation preparation. (author)

  3. Safety of nuclear power plants in Slovak Republic in the context of integration into the European Union

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pillar, V.

    2001-01-01

    A review of the construction and operation of nuclear power plants in Slovak Republic which belong within Slovenske Elektrarne is made. Since 1993 with the applying of the Least Cost Planning Methods and Financial Feasibility Analysis the optimal variant, considering construction completion of the two units at Mochovce NPP, has been adopted and a project for safety enhancement has been implemented. Some changes have been made in siting project in order to meet the seismic requirements, following by change of the control system design and supplier. The most important result of the safety enhancement program, important not only for NPP Mochovce, but also for all NPPs of WWER 440/213 type, is the fact, that operability of containment with passive bubbler-condenser system for pressure suppression and its acceptability from safety point of view, has been fully confirmed. Results of safety enhancement program have been re-evaluated not only by International Atomic Energy Agency, but also by other international authorities and professional organisations with positive result. Especially significant is the conclusion of RISKAUDIT, which has carried out repeated evaluation of safety level of NPP Mochovce based on PHARE project and which is accepted by European Commission. A similar approach for enhancing the safety has been applied for the NPP V-1 units at Jaslovske Bohunice

  4. Licensing of new fuel for Slovak NPPs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Melicharek, M.; Mikulas, B.

    2011-01-01

    With the hope of achieving a six year fuel cycle and to allow for further power uprates a new type of fuel was licensed for NPP Mochovce Unit 1 (EMO1). Slovenske elektrarne, a.s. introduced the idea for the new fuel type to the regulatory authority in the middle of 2010. That's when the first draft of EMO safety report was made. This was the actual start of the licensing process. In case of new fuel regulator has several requirements like extended start up and power test; introducing a fuel behavior monitoring plan; using two independent methods to determine coolant flow though the active zone. In this paper the following issues have been discussed: 1) Engineering and safety reserve factors; 2)Fuel limits; 3) Uncertainties decrease in measurement of coolant flow through the reactor; 4) Determination of heating on fuel assembly; 5) Storage pool issues; 6) Emergency planning; 7) Monitoring of several fuel parameters (K qmax , K rmax , K v .K k and bypass)monitored during campaign

  5. Approach to the safety culture in the Slovak Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kuchta, L.; Sladek, V.

    2002-01-01

    The Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic was established on January 1st, 1993, after division of former Czech and Slovak Federation Republic to two independent states - Czech Republic and Slovak Republic. As there were inherited four units on the site Jaslovske Bohunice and Interim Spent Fuel Storage on the same site under operation and four units under construction on site Mochovce it was necessary to keep on regulatory activities from very beginning of regulatory authority existence. The new regulator has been all time co-operating closely with IAEA and countries with developed nuclear power to cover all nuclear safety related areas including the safety culture. It is, however, to be said, that the issue of safety culture begun to be an object of considerations of Czechoslovak NPPs as early as in 1986 after issue of IAEA INSAG 1. Since that time the NPPs try to enforce the safety culture principles as a part of nuclear safety into their daily work in consensus with an utility Slovenske elektrarne, nuclear power plants and Nuclear Regulatory Authority. A purpose of the article is to provide an overview on safety culture practices at nuclear installations in the Slovak Republic. (author)

  6. VUEZ. Annual report 2007

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2008-01-01

    A brief account of activities carried out by the Vyskumny ustav energetickych zariadeni, a.s. (VUEZ) in 2008 is presented. These activities are reported under the headings: (1) Introductory address by the Chairman of the Board of Directors; (2) Company profile; (3) Portfolio of products and service 2007; (4) Quality management system; (5) Organisational Structure; (6) Human resources; (7) Financial statements and auditor's report; (8) Basic and contact data; (9) Contact data. The year 2007 was arduous and, with regard to contracts and projects performed and related profits, also successful for VUEZ, a.s. On the domestic market, our principal customers have bee companies such as Slovenske elektrarne - Enel, Bratislava, in its locations of Jaslovske Bohunice and Mochovce, Jadrova vyradovacia spolocnost, Jaslovske Bohunice, and Vodohospodarska vystavba, Bratislava. Equally important customers for our company have been operators of foreign nuclear power plants, namely CEZ, a.s. (Czech Republic) and the Paks NPP (Hungary). In the course of 2007, negotiations and offer proceedings were initiated with WWER nuclear power plants in Ukraine and Russia

  7. Chapter 2. The production units

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1998-01-01

    In the second chapter of this CD ROM the production units of the Slovak Electric, Plc. (Slovenske elektrarne, a.s.), are presented. It consist of next paragraphs: (1) Nuclear power plants (A-1 Nuclear Power Plant (History, Technological scheme, basic data are presented); V-1, V-2 Bohunice Nuclear Power Plant (History 1972-1985, technological scheme; nuclear safety, radiation protection, heat supply, international co-operation and basic data are presented); Mochovce Nuclear Power Plant (History 1980-1998, technological scheme, construction completion, milestones of commissioning, safety and environmental protection as well as basic data are included). (2) Conventional sources of energy (Vojany fossil power plant (History 1959-1992, Technological units of power plant, Impact of operation on the environment, Plant of Vojany FPP Renewal and Reconstruction, Basic data are listed), Novaky fossil power plant (History 1949-1998, Technological scheme, current investment construction, basic data, Handlova heating plant). Kosice Combined Heat Power Plant (History 1960-1995, technological scheme, State metrology centre, acredited chemical laboratory, basic data). (3) Hydroelectric power plants (Trencin HPPs: Cierny Vah pumped storage HPP, Liptovska Mara HPP, Orava HPP, Sucany HPP, Miksova HPP, Nosice HPP, Velke Kozmalovce HPP, Gabcikovo HPP, Dubnica HPP, Nove Mesto n/V HPP, Madunice HPP, Kralova HPP) and Dobsina HPPs: (Dobsina HPP, Ruzin HPP, Domasa HPP, small HPPs) are presented

  8. Fiddle at financing of Mochovce NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Beer, G.

    2003-01-01

    Slovak police found out and documented racket in financing of third and fourth block of Mochovce NPP. Damage should be 144 millions Slovak crowns. Investigator consequently accused twenty-three Slovaks from foundation, trump up and supporting of criminal group and deception. Two persons are suggested to be taken to custody. Skoda Praha, which was general supplier of construction for 1,5 billions Slovak crowns, in 2001 allowed to create a connection to let the finances between Slovenske elektrarne, a.s., Bratislava as investor and Skoda as subcontractor to be paid through three mediator companies. Companies got authorization to balance the relationship among all interested subjects. Confused network of 118 treaties was created. They invoiced reward from money current based on these treaties. Reward represented up to 70 per cent of transferred resources in some cases. According to Minister of Domestic Affairs Vladimir Palko it will be necessary to find out where is actually the money. For the time being nobody from NPP is among accused. (Author)

  9. JAVYS - Jadrova a vyradovacia spolocnost

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2007-01-01

    This prospectus contains the review about of the joint stock company Jadrova a vyradovacia spolocnost, a.s., (JAVYS). JAVYS established itself in the Slovak power industry in 2005. According to the transaction documents on the privatisation of the Slovenske Elektrarne, a. s. company (SE), on July 6, 2005, the public organisation GovCo, into which the detached SE-VYZ and SE-EBO plants (V1 nuclear power plant) were included, was established. On April 1, 2006, the GovCo company assumed responsibility for the operation of V1 NPP, decommissioning of all nuclear installations in Slovakia, processing, treatment and storage of radioactive waste and care of spent nuclear fuel. The registered at of the company was changed to Jaslovske Bohunice and the company's name changed to Jadrova Vyradovacia Spolocnost, a. s. on August 7, 2006. The company name Jadrova a Vyradovacia Spolocnost, a.s. exists since March, 2007. The history of the company is short; professional activities however have been carried out for several decades. Some facts about the JAVYS are reported

  10. Modernization and safety improvement project of the NPP V-2 Jaslovske Bohunice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Michal, V.; Losonsky, B.; Magdolen, J.

    2000-01-01

    This contribution deals with the form, present state, and results of the Nuclear Power Plants Research Institute (the Slovak acronym is VUJE - Vyskumny Ustav Jadrovych Elektrarni) participation in the NPP V-2 Jaslovske Bohunice Modernization and Safety Improvement Project. A short description of VUJE history, activity, and results is also presented as well as NPPs Jaslovske Bohunice characterization. VUJE was established in 1977 and deals with scientific and research needs of nuclear power plants, such as design, construction, commissioning and operation. The next fields of VUJE activity are, NPP reconstruction, NPP personnel training, radioactive waste management technology, and NPP decommissioning. The nuclear power plant, Jaslovske Bohunice, is situated approximately 15 km from the district town of Trnava in the southwestern region of the Slovak Republic. The construction of the first Czechoslovak NPP A-1 began on this site in 1957 .The construction of the double-unit NPP V-1 with WWER-440 (type V-230) reactor began in 1972. The first unit of NPP V-1 began operation in 1978 and the second in 1980. NPPs construction on the Bohunice site continued with NPP V-2, which has two units with WWER-440 (type V-213) reactors. Unit 1 and Unit 2 of NPP V-2 were commissioned in 1984 and 1985, respectively. Slovak electric utility Slovenske elektrarne (SE) is the owner/commissioner of NPP V-2. This NPP is responsible for more than 20% of the total electrical energy production of SE, making it an essential supporter of the Slovak economy. (authors)

  11. Some deep caves in Biokovo Mountain (Croatia)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garasic, Mladen; Garasic, Davor

    2014-05-01

    1+637, na trasi spojne ceste Zagvozd - Ba\\vska voda u Dalmaciji. University of Zagreb. pp. 1-55, Zagreb. Garašić,M. & Garašić,D. (2013): Some Information about the deepest Caves known in Croatian Karst Area. 16th International Congress of Speleology. Proceedings, Volume 3.Czech Speleological Society, Praha, Czech Republic , 2013. 72-77. Jalžić, B. (ed.): (2007): Jamski sustav Lukina jama - Trojama".pp1-156, HPS, Zagreb. Lacković, D., Bakšić, D. (2001): Izvješće sa speleolo\\vskog istraživanja jame Amfora u Parku prirode Biokovo, 16, Park prirode Biokovo, Makarska. Marinčić,S., Magaš, N., Benček,Ð. (1972a): Osnovna geolo\\vska karta 1:100 000, list Ploče, K 33-35, Institut za geolo\\vska istraživanja Zagreb, Savezni geolo\\vski zavod Beograd. Magaš,N., Marinčić,S., Benček,Ð. (1972b): Osnovna geolo\\vska karta 1:100 000, tumač za list Ploèe, K 33-35, Institut za geolo\\vska istraživanja Zagreb, Savezni geolo\\vski zavod Beograd. Marinčić,S., Korolija,Ž., Majcen,Ž. (1969a): Osnovna geolo\\vska karta 1:100 000, list Omiš, K 33-22, Institut za geolo\\vska istraživanja Zagreb, Savezni geolo\\vski zavod Beograd. Marinčić,S. et al. (1969b): Osnovna geolo\\vska karta 1:100 000, tumač za list Omiš, K 33-22, Institut za geolo\\vska istraživanja Zagreb, Savezni geolo\\vski zavod Beograd. Raić,V., Ahac,A., Papeš, J. (1968a): Osnovna geolo\\vska karta 1:100 000, list, Imotski K 33-23, Institut za geolo\\vska istraživanja Sarajevo, Savezni geolo\\vski zavod Beograd. Raić, V., Papeš,J. (1968b): Osnovna geolo\\vska karta 1:100 000, tumaè za list Imotski, K 33-23, Institut za geolo\\vska istraživanja Sarajevo, Savezni geolo\\vski zavod Beograd. Šmida, B., (1993): Velebit '92, Speleoforum '93, pp.51-52, Brno.

  12. The Role of Diffusion Measurements in the Study of Crystal Lattice Defects; Role des Mesures de la Diffusion dans l'Etude des Defauts des Reseaux Cristallins; Rol' diffuzionnykh izmerenij v izuchenii defektov kristallicheskikh reshetok.rol' diffuzionnykh izmerenij v izuchenii defektov kristallicheskikh reshetok; Las Mediciones de la Difusion en el Estudio de Defectos de los Reticulados Cristalinos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kidson, G. V. [Chalk River Nuclear Laboratories, ON (Canada)

    1966-02-15

    aluminiopuros, y el mecanismo de difusion se interpreta en terminos de la estructura del reticulado compuesto. Los resultados indican que el ZrAl{sub 3} forma un reticulado con defectos, lo que conduce a la migracion relativamente rapida de los atomos de aluminio. (author) [Russian] Izmerenie podvizhnosti atomov v tverdyh telah chasto predstavljaet neposredst- vennyj interes dlja lic, zanimajushhihsja konstruirovaniem, razrabotkoj i ispol'zovaniem materialov v tehnike. Odnako v nastojashhee vremja vse bol'shee vnimanie udeljaetsja izucheniju takih svojstv s uchetom nalichija i haraktera tochechnyh i linejnyh defektov v kristallah. Rassmatrivajutsja nekotorye poslednie issledovanija diffuzii, provedennye v Jadernyh labora- torijah Chok-River, kotorye ne tol'ko dajut dannye, predstavljajushhie interes dlja jader- noj tehnologii, no i pozvoljajut bolee fundamental'no ponjat' harakter defektov reshetok, vstrechajushhihsja v materialah. Rassmatrivaemymi sistemami javljajutsja: 1) samodiffuzija v vysokotemperaturnoj faze chistogo cirkonija; 2) diffuzija rastvorennogo veshhestva v svin- ce i 3) vzaimnaja diffuzija aljuminija i cirkonija. Kratko rassmatrivajutsja neobychnye i v nastojashhee vremja ne polnost'ju ponjatye rezul'taty, soderzhashhiesja v punkte 1). Privodjatsja dannye, kotorye dajut osnovanie predpolagat', chto diffuzija proishodit ili cherez plot- nuju sistemu dislokacii, obrazovavshujusja v rezul'tate transformacii martensitovoj fazy, ili cherez izbytochnye vakansii v kristalle, svjazannye s primesjami. Vo vtorom punk- te budet obsuzhdat'sja vopros o chrezvychajno bystroj diffuzii rastvorennyh blagorodnyh metallov v monokristallah svinca vysokoj chistoty s tochki zrenija sostojanija atomov rastvo- rennogo veshhestva. Pokazano, chto ih diffuzionnoe povedenie mozhet byt' ponjato, esli predpolozhit', chto frakcija f{sub i} atomov rastvorennogo veshhestva zanimaet mezhdouzlija. Izmerennyj kojefficient diffuzii Ot s v jazans kojefficientom mezhdouzlovoj diffuzii otno- sheniem

  13. A Survey of the Fuel Cycles Operated in the United Kingdom; Etude d'ensemble sur les cycles de combustible au Royaume-Uni; Obzor toplivnykh tsiklov, ispol'zuemykh v soedinennom korolevstve; Estudio de los ciclos de combustible utilizados en el Reino Unido

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Allday, C. [United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority, Risley, Warrington, Lancs (United Kingdom)

    1963-10-15

    enriquecido tambien se puede utilizar como combustible oxido de uranio natural enriquecido con plutonio. En la memoria se resume la experiencia adquirida en la produccion de combustible de oxido para el AGR y en la explotacion del reactor y los planes para la regeneracion del combustible. Se examina la posibilidad de utilizar combustible de plutonio y se analizan las consecuencias que tendria su adopcion sobre los costos y el ciclo del combustible. Por ultimo, se destaca la importancia de los reactores Magnox y AGR en el programa energetico del Reino Unido. (author) [Russian] a ) Prirodnyj uran/topdivnyj tsikl ''Magnoks''. Soedinennoe Kor olevstvo izb ralo reaktor na prirodnom urane s grafitovym zam edli tel em i gazovy m okhlazhdeniem v kachestve osnovy programmy po yadernoj ehnergii. Ono ehkspluatirovalo ehti reaktory v Kolder-Kholle i Chepelkrosse v techenie semi det; reaktory v Berkli i Braduehlle v nastoyashchee vremya nakhodyatsya v stadii ehkspluatatsii, a reaktory v semi drugikh mestakh v stadii stroitel'stva ili planirovaniya. Toplivo dlya ehtikh reaktorov proizvoditsya na zavode v Springfilde i zatem perevozitsya dlya zagruzki k mestopolozheniyu reaktora. Posle oblucheniya i razgruzki toplivo transportiruetsya na zavod v Uindskejl dlya otdeleniya urana i plutoniya ot produktov deleniya. Daetsya opisanie opyta CK v oblasti konstruktsii i proizvodstva toplivnykh ehlementov, ehkspluatatsii reaktora, transportirovki obluchennogo topliva i posleduyushchej obrabotki topliva. Upominaetsya o povedenii topliva v reaktore i ob al'ternativnykh programmakh zagruzki l razgruzki toplivnykh ehlementov; ehta tema razrabatyvaetsya v drugikh trudakh. b) Reaktory, ispol'zuyushchie obogashchennoe toplivo. Soedinennoe Korolevstvo razrabatyvaet usovershenstvovannyj reaktors gazovym okhlazhdeniem AGE, prototip kotorogo voshel v stroj v 1963 godu. Toplivo proizvoditsya iz obogashchennoj okisi urana, zaklyuchennoj v obolochku iz nerzhaveyushchej stali, i Sudet pererabatyvat'sya posredstvom

  14. Methods and arguments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gelman, Stanislav

    2001-01-01

    OAO 'Mashinostroitelny zavod' (MSZ) is situated at 55 km from Moscow, in Electrostal town that has the population of 150000 people. The capacity of the enterprise as per the beginning of the year 2000, is 1000 t of uranium dioxide. More than 50 nuclear reactors operated at the NPPs of Russia, CIS states as well as Czech Republic, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Hungary, Finland, Germany, Switzerland, Sweden use the nuclear fuel fabricated at M SZ . Its high quality, marked with prestigious awards and certificates of Russian and European auditors, contributes to wide-scale export of the nuclear fuel. MSZ is also a supplier of nuclear fuel for atomic power units for Russian ice-breaking and military fleet. During the coming 3 years the capacity of the enterprise by uranium dioxide will be brought to 1400 t and further on - to 1600 t per year. MSZ management pays serious attention to the work with population and mass media as well as to the intensive work related to the optimisation of the nuclear fuel fabrication because they realise that the public attention is focused on the state and development of atomic power and related enterprises. Certainly, the reaction of some part of the town population to the activity of 'MSZ' is not that acute as it was the case in the areas of NPP construction and operation. At the early 90s the information about MSZ became declassified and the enterprise made a number of steps to inform other population on the technology and ecological peculiarities of nuclear fuel fabrication and took certain measures to create positive public attitude to atomic power in general and to MSZ in particular. This system includes the following elements: 1.Public Information Centre; 2. Newspaper 'Energia', 3500 copies distributed almost for free; 3.Own TV-studio 'Pioneer', which shows films on the activity of MSZ three times per week; 4. Agreements with the town mass media, town newspaper 'Novosty nedeli' and radio-station; On the basis of the sociological

  15. Methods and arguments

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gelman, Stanislav [JSC ' Mashinostroitelny zavod' , 12 K. Marx St., 144001 ELECTROSTAL, Moscow (Russian Federation)

    2001-07-01

    OAO 'Mashinostroitelny zavod' (MSZ) is situated at 55 km from Moscow, in Electrostal town that has the population of 150000 people. The capacity of the enterprise as per the beginning of the year 2000, is 1000 t of uranium dioxide. More than 50 nuclear reactors operated at the NPPs of Russia, CIS states as well as Czech Republic, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Hungary, Finland, Germany, Switzerland, Sweden use the nuclear fuel fabricated at ''MSZ''. Its high quality, marked with prestigious awards and certificates of Russian and European auditors, contributes to wide-scale export of the nuclear fuel. MSZ is also a supplier of nuclear fuel for atomic power units for Russian ice-breaking and military fleet. During the coming 3 years the capacity of the enterprise by uranium dioxide will be brought to 1400 t and further on - to 1600 t per year. MSZ management pays serious attention to the work with population and mass media as well as to the intensive work related to the optimisation of the nuclear fuel fabrication because they realise that the public attention is focused on the state and development of atomic power and related enterprises. Certainly, the reaction of some part of the town population to the activity of 'MSZ' is not that acute as it was the case in the areas of NPP construction and operation. At the early 90s the information about MSZ became declassified and the enterprise made a number of steps to inform other population on the technology and ecological peculiarities of nuclear fuel fabrication and took certain measures to create positive public attitude to atomic power in general and to MSZ in particular. This system includes the following elements: 1.Public Information Centre; 2. Newspaper 'Energia', 3500 copies distributed almost for free; 3.Own TV-studio 'Pioneer', which shows films on the activity of MSZ three times per week; 4. Agreements with the town mass media, town newspaper 'Novosty nedeli' and radio-station; On the basis of the sociological

  16. Work with the public in an industrial town

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gelman, Stanislav

    1998-01-01

    Open joint stock company 'Mashinostroitelny zavod' ('MSZ') is the manufacturer of nuclear fuel for 20 NPPs in Russia, CIS countries and Europe; it is situated in 55 km to the east of Moscow in a town called Electrostal that has the population of 150.000 people. The Public Information Center of the factory established 6 years ago informs the population of and public of the town of the technological and ecological peculiarities of the nuclear fuel production and forms positive attitude towards both, activities of the enterprise and atomic energy on the whole. Annually the Center is visited by up to 1.5 thousand people, mainly these are schoolchildren and college students. This has certain importance. The center maintains constant links with all the educational establishments of the town. Each excursion of the students to the Center turns into an open lesson on the main issues of nuclear physics, energy and ecology. The Center has sufficient choice of demo material in favour of the nuclear energy and fuel cycle enterprises.These are NPP diagrams, dummy reactors, full-scale dummy fuel rods and fuel assemblies produced by the factory, stands, scientific popular literature, huge video fund including films on nuclear energy . Video films made in the main workshops of the enterprise and demonstrating high degree of automation of the processes providing for the good quality of nuclear fuel and high level of nuclear and radiation safety of the production are of the highest interest. The work with the public is carried out through the factory weekly paper 'Energia' (3.5 000 copies) distributed almost for free as well as own TV-station 'Pioneer' connected to the town cable TV-network for 2000 users. The paper publications and TV broadcasting constantly enlighten on the issues related to the optimization of the technology of the nuclear fuel production, irradiation and nuclear protection means. The results of the polls held in 1996 show that the majority of the town population

  17. Long term changes in water areas and wetlands in an intensively farmed landscape: A case study from the Czech Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Šantrůčková Markéta

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Krajina České republiky v současnosti čelí nebezpečí sucha, které je způsobeno mnoha faktory. Mezi ně patří změny krajiny a krajinného pokryvu. V článku jsou sledovány změny vodních a mokřadních ploch a délky vodních toků na podkladě starých vojenských mapování a současného stavu. Vodní a mokřadní plochy v nížinách zásadně ubyly a krajina byla vysušována s cílem zvýšit zemědělskou a lesnickou produkci. Zatímco na konci 18. století vodní a mokřadní plochy zaujímaly skoro třetinu sledovaného území Novodvorska a Žehušicka ve středních Čechách, v současnosti je to jen 3,5 %. V každé ze sledovaných period ubylo přibližně 10 % jejich rozlohy, významný úbytek těchto ploch v krajině tak nastal již v 19. století. Vodní a mokřadní plochy byly změněny převážně na ornou půdu. Délka vodních toků poklesla zejména v průběhu 19. století. Současná data ukazují nárůst jejich délky, který je ale způsoben budováním zavodňovacích a odvodňovacích kanálů, jejichž délka je také započítána do celkové délky vodních toků, byť nejsou celoročně protékány vodou.

  18. From information to education

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gelman, Stanislav

    2002-01-01

    In my papers at the previous conferences I brought forth examples of arguments, methods and tools, which the Information Center of OAO 'Mashinostroitelny zavod' resorts to, when dealing with the population of the town of Electrostal, where the OAO 'MSZ' is located. Since the Information Center is visited mainly by pupils and students, we try to inform them during their visits not only of the technique and technologies applied in nuclear industry but of the professions of the specialists working in these spheres. Lately we try another way to communicate the nuclear power to the young generation. At the end of a school year we invite pupils leaving secondary schools, colleges and technical schools, who intend to continue their education at higher technical schools, to meet the leading teachers of the Moscow State Technical University, the faculty of energy and machine-building, preparing the specialists for the enterprises of nuclear power complex of our country. The experience proves that such meetings predetermine the young people's choice of a profession associated with the atomic energy. Our activities resulted in attracting the attention of school-leavers not only from our town but from the neighbour towns of our region as well. We use another kind of communication with higher institutions. The Electrostal Department of the Moscow Institute of Steel and Alloys under the agreement with our enterprise every year picks out 15-20 students to specialize in the power metallurgy applied in the UO 2 pellet production technology used in the nuclear fuel production. This specialization begins when students visit our center, and during 2- or 3-hour lecture they are getting acquainted with the principles of the nuclear technique and nuclear technologies. Generally speaking we have come to a conclusion that in schools and colleges pupils get poor knowledge in the field of nuclear physics and atomic energy. Due to that meetings with them are organized in the form of an open

  19. Not the state but the new owner will have to sort out the contracts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Janoska, J.

    2004-01-01

    Privatisation of Paroplynovy cyklus (PPC), a.s., Bratislava is a bit paradox. Should the winner of the tender for 90-percent of PPC shares succeed and obtain the remaining 10 percent of the shares from Slovenske elektrarne, a.s., Bratislava it will be managing a heat and electricity producer with a low level of business risk and high efficiency. PPC has long-term delivery contracts signed until 2013. But state-owned business partners of PPC - Slovenske elektrarne (SE) and Bratislavska teplaren (BAT) raised protest against these contracts. And so the privatisation agency FNM decided rather to sell the PPC to a private investor that should then try and settle the problems with these state-owned companies. Fund of National Property (FNM) refused to publish the prices other participants of the tender offered for PPC. The only price known is the winning offer worth 2 bn Sk (49,29 mn Eur) offered by PPC Holding, a.s., Trencin from Penta group. The highest price was offered by energy concern E.on. Director of Section for Establishment and Execution of Shareholders Rights at FNM, Anna Bubenikova informed that the price represented only 65 percent of all criteria taken into account in the tender. 10 percent were represented by business plan and the remaining 25 percent consisted of s ecurity, simplicity and the benefits the draft contract offered . Apart from the threat that SE may withdraw from the contract and the uncertainties regarding the control over PPC another risk to be faced by tender participants was a suit with BAT. The Cabinet has not managed to settle the dispute. On a question why the Fund decided to tender a company threatened by a lawsuit with one of its customers A. Bubenikova answered that the problem had already been present at the time the 90-percent stake was transferred to FNM. If the Fund waited for the suit to settle, the sale could be postponed by several years and A. Bubenikova doubts whether this approach would have been more beneficial. She also

  20. Tender in power-plants back to starting point

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    TREND

    2003-01-01

    Even though there was no progress in privatisation of a 40-percent stake in Slovenske elektrarne (SE), a.s., Bratislava a government decree on re-opening of the tender issued in July will allow more prospects to participate. New prospects that are expected to submit their offers are Czech CEZ and American AES. At the same time the original eight prospects that submitted their offers earlier will have the opportunity to withdraw from the tender or review their offers. The new prospects can show their interest in requesting a information memorandum that will be published shortly and then PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC) will state a date when the offers have to be submitted. After the original offers are updated and the new ones submitted, the offers will be evaluated. Representative of PwC, Peter Mitka refused to discuss the evaluation deadlines and the consecutive due diligence in SE to be conducted by selected investors. The company to have restarted the whole process was the Czech CEZ that had announces its intention to privatise not only the conventional part of SE but the nuclear part as well. The remaining prospects only show interest in hydraulic power plants or conventional power plants but none of them is interested in nuclear power plants. Even though the process is still open and theoretically other prospects could show their interest in the future, Minister of Economy, Robert Nemcsics does not expect that this step would be repeated. And so the number of prospects is ten. In the past the Minister expressed his view that the most suitable solution would be so sell the SE as a whole and during the first press conference given together with privatisation advisor the Minister explained that there was no time-pressure in regards to the privatisation process as an internal restructuring of the company had to be completed first

  1. Slovak Electric, Plc., 1998

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1997-06-01

    Slovenske elektrarne, a.s. (Slovak Electric, Plc., abbrevation 'SE, a.s.') is the Slovak electricity generating utility, incorporated on November 1, 1994 as one of new companies formed from substantially all of the assets and a legal successor of Slovensky energeticky podnik, s.p., founded on January 1, 1969 in the form of SEP group. From its predecessor, Slovak Electric, Plc., took over generation of power, operation of 220 kV and 400 kV power system, transit, import, export, and sale of electricity. It is also involved in generation, distribution, and sale of heat. At present, SE's share of electriciry sales in the Slovak Republic is 88.47%. Electricity is delivered to three regional distribution companies and directly to several major industrial enterprises. SE, a.s. operates one nuclear power station, three thermal power plants, and 30 hydro power plants. The second nuclear power plant is under construction (state up tu June 1997) and SE is participating in the construction of two hydro power plants and one combined cycle power plant. The efforts of SE, s.a. focus on the generation of power and heat with minimal environmental impacts. Ecology is given priority in the SE, a.s. development programmes. SE's mission is to permanently satisfy customers' needs, for an acceptable price and with minimal environmental impact. On this CD ROM next chapters are presented: (1) The structure of the Company; (2) Production units; (3) The economic power of the Company; (4) The operation culture; (5) The strategic plans of the Company

  2. Monopolist requires totally liberalization

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Janoska, J.

    2003-01-01

    Slovenske elektrarne (SE), a.s, Bratislava in present time operates some sources, which would be off at normal conditions. It was caused by high electricity price on European markets. It is possible to sell 1 MWh for 12 thousands Slovak crowns abroad in last months. It is also advantageous to initialise thermal sources for power plant, where variable expenses are higher - from 1200 to 1300 Slovak crowns per MWh. SE are mainly trying to sell most of electricity on domestic market because returnability of dominant nuclear power plants was projected for this market. Utilizing capacities profit via domestic market covers fixed costs of power plants. Besides, power plant can demand regulated price 1272 Slovak crowns per 1 MWh. SE sources have capacity of 6800 MW, but maximal daily load uses for example in December approximately 4000 MW. Overflows are more higher in the summer - load dropped to 2200 MW in the beginning of September in last year. It is noted in issue that price increase in Europe is noticed. Price of primary power electricity will remain at liquid markets at 28 Euro (1176 Slovak crowns) in the following year prices fluctuate from 38 to 40 Euro (to 1700 Slovak crowns) per 1 MW at load peaks. Price increase is caused by lack of sources - it does not keep up to satisfy demand increase. Sources are gradually laid up and no new sources are built. Production capacities will decrease also in SE - by laying up of two 440 MW blocks of Bohunice NPP V-1. Price increase trend will continue according to SE businessmen till it is advantageous to build new source. Present price trend can be accelerated by decision about completing of Mochovce NPP 3-4

  3. Report of influence on environment 2006

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2007-01-01

    The joint stock company Jadrova a vyradovacia spolocnost, a. s. (JAVYS) has established in the Slovak power engineering industry just recently. According to transaction documents about privatisation of the joint stock company Slovenske elektrarne, a. s. (SE), on 6-th July 2005 there was established state-owned organisation GovCo from which VYZ plants and V1 power plant were separated. Since 1-st April 2006, the company GovCo assumed responsibility for JE V1 plant, decommissioning of nuclear facilities in Slovakia, processing, treatment and storage of radioactive waste and care for spent nuclear fuel. Seat of the company changed to operation from Jaslovske Bohunice and, on 7-th August, also the company's name changed to Jadrova vyradovacia spolocnost, a.s.. Since March 2007, the company's name is Jadrova a vyradovacia spolocnost, a. s. Starting position of the company in the Slovak power engineering sector developed from achieved results of long- term operation of plants of the company SE, a. s. - VYZ and EBO V1. Apart from operation of currently only one block of V1 nuclear power plant, the company carries out the first phase of the A1 nuclear power plant decommissioning project, operates radioactive waste processing centre in Bohunice (Bohunicke spracovatelske centrum radioaktivnych odpadov), bitumen and vitrification line of radioactive waste processing and fragmentation plant for metal radioactive waste. Currently, new facility - final processing of liquid radioactive waste in Mochovce is being put into operation. This chain is crowned by safe storage of processed low and medium-active waste in Republic's Repository of Radioactive Waste (Republikove ulozisko RAO) in Mochovce. The company also operates spent nuclear fuel in-process store in Jaslovske Bohunice, which is resistant to seismic activity and compacted. This Report contains the results of monitoring of the environment in JAVYS, a.s. in 2006

  4. Bio gas becomes a business

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Haluza, I.

    2007-01-01

    At first glance, energy produced from biogas is not the most refined of businesses. But it is a developing business. In North America and in Western Europe, farmers have already built hundreds of biogas facilities that use biogas from rotting maize silage; old grain; or pig, cow and chicken dung to produce electricity and heat. Most Slovak farmers have never got further then discussing these possibilities. There are only five such facilities in Slovakia. All of them have a fairly small output of a maximum of a few tens or hundreds of kilowatts. But what improves the image of this badly smelling business is the aim of developed countries to replace oil, coal and gas imports with renewable energy sources. And they are doing so in spite of the fact that the electricity produced from biogas is several times more expensive than energy produced from coal or nuclear fuel. The European Union and consequently Slovakia has decided that consumers have to accept these higher prices and so help these new energy sources to develop. Slovenske elektrarne with its nuclear, thermal and hydro-electric power plants will continue to sell electric power for about 1700 Slovak crowns (Sk) (50,60 EUR) per megawatt hour this year. The Office for Regulation of Network Industries has permitted biogas facility operators to sell their electricity to distributors for 4200 Sk (125 EUR) per megawatt hour from the beginning of this year. That is about twice as much as last year. This is intended as a clear signal to potential investors to invest and launch production. (authors)

  5. What were we like in 2008

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hroch, A.

    2009-01-01

    Slovenske elektrarne, a. s. (SE) entered the year 2008 with a determination to achieve the best possible profit from power production. During the process of production optimization were taken into account external conditions, which were mentioned in the last issue. The result is SE supply reaching 22 251 GWh. Very satisfactory for us is the fact that high fulfillments by nuclear power plants have exceeded the expectations. Bohunice V1 NPP up to 103%, Bohunice V2 NPP up to 104,5% and Mochovce NPP up to 102, 9%. Nonfulfillment of hydroelectric and thermal power plants is a result of objective reasons- as for thermal power plants due to market conditions and in case of hydroelectric power plants this has been a result of hydrological reasons. Just a few words to a crisis that appeared in January 2009. When we look back, we have to divide the issue into two periods (crises). The first one is an economic crisis the consequences of which were apparent already in December, where the providers of supporting services among industrial customers were unable to guarantee those services (the service is activated by reduction of consumption and since then there was no sale of their products, they cut off their production, i.e. power production, and as a consequence, no reserve for Ss remained.) Missing supporting services have been purchased by a transmission system provider on both daily and monthly basis. There was a demand for SRV, TRV30MIN, + TRV3MIN+, however, there were no extreme values. (author)

  6. Slovak companies not pleased by compromise with Brussels

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Marcan, P.

    2005-01-01

    The sale and purchase of carbon dioxide emissions used to be a topic only of interest to environmentalists - until it started to be about money. Industrial associations in Western Europe started fighting for higher quotas earlier than in Slovakia. Initially, Slovak companies were satisfied with the quotas proposed as these did not force them to decrease production, or invest extensively in more environmentally friendly production, or purchase emission permits for exceeding the quotas set. Everything changed after the European Commission approved the Slovak plan in autumn last year. This set a limit 14% lower than the original proposal. The largest Slovak producer of carbon dioxide - U.S.Steel Kosice - challenged the new quotas directly at the European Court of Justice in Luxembourg. But other producers also object. 'The decrease is an unfortunate and strategically bad move for Slovakia,' said the Head of the Environmental Department at Slovenske elektrarne (Slovak Electric), Branislav Mihaly. And added that the Ministry of Environment was fully responsible for this situation. 'Including the political responsibility of Minister Laszlo Miklos,' he added. Given a quota reduction of 14%, he considers it very likely that Slovak Electric will follow the example of the Kosice steel works. The state must allocate the new quotas before the end of February. The Ministry announced that for large sources, it would seek solutions by individual negotiations. For smaller sources there would be a flat rate decrease. In theory, if companies were to take full advantage of the original quotas, the new allocation plan would cost them 40 to 50 mil. EUR (1.6 -2 bill. Slovak crowns). TREND based its calculation on the current market price of emissions - 8-10 EUR/ton of carbon dioxide

  7. Hydroelectric Power Plants Dobsina

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Majercak, V.; Srenkelova, Z.; Kristak, J.G.

    1997-01-01

    In this brochure the Hydroelectric Power Plants Dobsina, (VED), subsidiary of the utility Slovenske Elektrarne, a.s. (Slovak Electric, plc. Bratislava) are presented. VED is mainly aimed at generating peak-load electrical energy and maintenance of operational equipment. Reaching its goals, company is first of all focused on reliability of production, economy and effectiveness, keeping principles of work safety and industry safety standards and also ecology. VED operates eight hydroelectric power plants, from which PVE Ruzin I and PVE Dobsina I are pump storage ones and they are controlled directly by the Slovak Energy Dispatch Centre located in Zilina thought the system LS 3200. Those power plants participate in secondary regulation of electrical network of Slovakia. They are used to compensate balance in reference to foreign electrical networks and they are put into operation independently from VED. Activity of the branch is focused mainly on support of fulfilment of such an important aim as electric network regulation. Beginnings of the subsidiary Hydroelectric Power Plants Dobsina are related to the year of 1948. After commissioning of the pump storage Hydroelectric Power Plants Dobsina in 1953, the plant started to carry out its mission. Since that time the subsidiary has been enlarged by other seven power plants, through which it is fulfilling its missions nowadays. The characteristics of these hydroelectric power plants (The pump-storage power plant Dobsina, Small hydroelectric power plant Dobsina II, Small hydroelectric power plant Rakovec, Small hydroelectric power plant Svedlar, Hydroelectric power plant Domasa, The pump-storage power plant Ruzin, and Small hydroelectric power plant Krompachy) are described in detail. Employees welfare and public relations are presented

  8. Information letter 2. Information about operation of plants SE-NPP Bohunice and SE-VYZ during February 2005

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2005-03-01

    In this leaflet results of exploitation of four units of the Bohunice V-1 and V-2 NPPs are presented. The electricity and heat production in February 2005 are reviewed. Within a February 2005 the electricity was produced: 217 GWh (block 1), 281 GWh (block 2), 277 GWh (block 3), 282 GWh (block 4), totally 1057 GWh, and 2271 GWh within a January - February 2005. The heat production in February 2005 was 266 506 GJ, and within a January - February 2005 it was produced 531 849 GJ of heat. On February 17 Slovak minister of economy Pavol Rusko and general director of ENEL Paolo Scaroni signed the agreement on acquisition of 66 per cent of Slovenske elektrarne (SE) by Italian ENEL for 840 million Eur. SE has capacity of around 7 GW (83 per cent of total Slovakian capacity). In 2004 SE generated 26 TWh of electricity. Processing and storage of radioactive wastes in Decommissioning of Nuclear Installations and Spent Fuel and Rad-waste Management (SE-VYZ) is presented. Since beginning of this year 58 fibre-concrete containers have been filled up in Bohunice processing centre of radioactive wastes. Twenty-three pieces of fibre-concrete containers were processed into fibre-concrete containers in Bohunice processing centre of radioactive wastes (BSC RAO) in February 2005. Twenty fibre-concrete containers were stored into Republic storage of radioactive wastes (RU RAO). Total number in RU RAO reached 830 pieces of fibre-concrete containers, which represent 11.53 per cent of storage capacity (7200 containers). Bohunice processing centre of radioactive wastes was put into active operation just before five years

  9. Financial groups charmed by energy sector

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Haluza, I.; Marcan, P.

    2006-01-01

    The Slovak power industry is no longer the domain of big state-controlled and international companies. Local financial groups that grew up on equity deals, revitalisation of industry, real estate and receivables business have developed an interest in the field as well. They are contemplating the possibility of investing a part of their gains into energy sources. They can see the gap that the closure of the V1 power plant in Jaslovske Bohunice will create in Slovakian's power capacity. Although the new owner of Slovenske elektrarne, Italian Enel, will attend to filling the gap, local market players also sense an opportunity. Apart from the closure of V1 there is also rising energy demand driven by growing industry and growing energy prices. What is more, the state supports renewable energy sources like wind and biomass though subsidies, tax allowances or higher purchase prices. According to standard economic formulas at least, increased competition should exert pressure on prices. However, renewable energy sources are more expensive then traditional ones and new gas or coal driven power plants will certainly not push prices down. The electricity produced by power plants in Jaslovske Bohunice, which is to be closed, is the cheapest we have. So nobody dares to predict with 100-percent certainty what energy prices will look like in two years. Investment director of private equity group Penta, Vladimir Brodnan, says that new investors are not entering the energy business because of guaranteed profit. Utility regulator URSO only sets fixed prices for distribution companies but, on the other hand, the draft amendment to the regulation act indicates that the government would like to change this status. In future the powers of the regulator should also cover the prices of electricity as a commodity. In addition, the possibility of the regulator being able to interfere with the liberalised market concerns investors. (authors)

  10. VUEZ. Annual report 2003

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2005-01-01

    A brief account of activities carried out by the Vyskumny ustav energetickych zariadeni, a.s. (VUEZ) in 2003 is presented. These activities are reported under the headings: (1) Introductory address by the Chairman of the Board of Directors; (2) Mission and vision; (3) Basic data; (4) Product portfolio and customer services; (5) VUEZ - Quality mark; (6) Economic data; (7) Auditor's certificate; (8) Contact persons and addresses. In 2003, a number of important events took place in VUEZ. From the standpoint of international activities, a significant event was VUEZ involvement in the process or the preparation for the V-1 NPP decommissioning. VUEZ company became a subcontractor to the Consultant to the Project Management Unit who is an international Consortium consisting of Iberdrola Ingenieria Y Consultoria S.A., Electricite de France, Empresarios Agrupados Intemacional S.A. and Soluziona Ingenierfa S.A. In the field of experimental research, activities within the research and development project with IRSN Paris were successfully continuing. As to increasing the leak-tightness of NPP hermetic compartments, relevant works were executed at the Dukovany and Paks NPPs. For a business partner from Hungary, a project was initiated related to the manufacture and delivery of air locks. Predominant VUEZ capacities concentrated on Slovenske elektrarne, a.s. (SE) a.s. Company in the Jaslovske Bohunice and Mochovce sites. In addition to major sealing works and periodical integrated leakage rate tests at individual reactor units, VUEZ participated also in the upgrading of the V-2 NPP. Design work was implemented through ADVING, a daughter company of VUEZ; erection and installation works within the project were performed by relevant VUEZ departments during refuelling outages at the V-2 NPP

  11. Regulation of electricity prices?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mihok, P.

    2006-01-01

    In this paper author deals with the regulation of electricity prices in the Slovak Republic. Author contests the social policy of the government through doped prices of electricity. Two thirds of electricity is generated in nuclear power plants in Slovakia. Hence, it is necessary to focus on the solution of problem of nuclear waste. In 2004 Ministry of Economy stated, that the deficit in nuclear fund, from which the country have to fully cover the costs of liquidation and final disposal of nuclear waste, is estimated in the amount of around 89 billion Slovak crowns (≅ 3.7 billion $). From it, so called historical deficit, which originated because of late foundation of fund, represents officially 15 billion Slovak crowns (≅ 0.62 billion $). In Slovakia exists the real risk, that by maintenance of present state by creation and draw of the fund, it will be possible to ensure only 39 per cent of financial sources necessary for full financial handling of the back part of nuclear energetic. Even though the Ministry of Economy in connection with privatisation of Slovenske elektrarne designed to decrease the transfers of operators of nuclear power plants into nuclear fund. In 2006 the Parliament decreased by the law the level of gains of the fund from sale of nuclear electricity (the second from two components of the gains of the fund) from 6.8 to 5.95 per cent from annual revenues. So the tax of forced reduction of the price of nuclear electricity will be represented by loading of the further generations

  12. The last season of cheap electricity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Marcan, P.; Mucka, F.

    2007-01-01

    The former 'Mr. SuperCEZ', as the Czech media often used to call Jaroslav Mil, claims he is not a nuclear fundamentalist. But in his opinion without the use of nuclear energy, Europe must expect an increase in the electricity price. The experience of the former director of CEZ caught the attention of the Italian directors of Enel and so he is now a member of the Board of Directors of Slovenske elektrarne. He criticises EU measures that do not offer a solution for either the energy sector or environment protection but make investments in the replacement of decommissioned European power stations uncertain. He says he is not an uncritical advocate of nuclear power, but in his opinion we do not have much choice. Energy consumption is growing fast and resources are being depleted. And if Europe does not want to become dependent on Russia there is no other option. Unless we want Putin's vision to come true: coal and nuclear resources will be kept by Russia for internal use and gas is for export. In the opinion of J. Mil, politicians are often populists and are only doing their jobs. They think in terms of 4-year election periods and then only in the better cases. He recalls that in 2000 politicians seriously considered the possibility of closing down the Temelin nuclear power station in the Czech Republic. As long as there is electricity in the sockets and the bulbs are glowing there is no crisis. The crisis will come when there is no electricity. He stresses that there will always be electricity but for a different price. He mentioned emission permits as an example of the attitude politicians have. This is a useless measure that only supports big business available to a narrow circle which does not help the environment at all. The Kyoto protocol without China, Brazil, India and the USA is a nightmare and does not solve anything in his opinion. (authors)

  13. Living near a nuclear power station

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Marcan, P.; Slovak, K.

    2007-01-01

    The need to expand nuclear power and its advantages are discussed publicly nearly each week. According to politicians and the nuclear lobby investing tens of billions Sk at Mochovce will bring Slovakia the often cited 'independence and energy self-sufficiency'. It will also mean profit for Slovenske elektrarne and the company's shareholders - the state and Italian company, Enel. In addition to the lively discussion on the pros and cons of nuclear energy, TREND was also interested in the living conditions around the concrete and strictly guarded, potentially dangerous plants and in the opinion of the people most affected by Mochovce and Jaslovske Bohunice on expansion of the existing and the building of new nuclear power plants. The construction of nuclear powers stations in these regions was not only about new jobs. The state 'prescribed' iodine pills and did not allow any construction in the region and, in the case of Mochovce, ordered the complete demolition of a village. The only thing that remained from Mochovce village was the church. 'And when it was found that the power plant would not reach it, it was even given a new roof. Former inhabitants, especially the older ones that had problems accepting the evacuation, used to visit it often,' explained Jan Foldy, the head of the local municipality in Kalna nad Hronom. After many years, life in the neighbouring villages is not bad. Their budgets are overflowing and so they can afford to spoil their inhabitants with free cable TV and high standard sport facilities, which should partly compensate for the fact that the people are living so close to a nuclear facility. (authors)

  14. Nuclear energy between science and public

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bobnar, B [Inst. Jozef Stefan, Ljubljana (Slovenia)

    1992-07-01

    The objective of the presented research was to establish the presence and the structure of nuclear energy as a theme in Slovenian mass media and at the same time to answer the question what chances an active Slovenian reader had in the year 1991 to either strengthen or change his opinion on nuclear power. Measurement and analysis of chosen relevant variables in 252 contributions in six Slovenian mass media publications in the year 1991 showed that the most frequent nuclear theme was decommissioning and closing down of a nuclear power plant. Other themes followed in the order of the frequency of appearance: nuclear energy as an economic issue, waste disposal, NPP Krsko operation, influence on health, information about events, seismic questions. The scientific theme - nuclear energy, was intensely represented in chosen Slovenian mass media publications in 1991. Common to all nuclear themes is that they were being presented from the political point of view. (author) [Slovenian] Prispevek s strani komunikoloskih raziskav osvetljuje nekatere dileme ob vstopanju stroke v svet mnozicnih medijev. Cilj raziskave je bil: ugotoviti prisotnost in strukturo jedrske energije kot teme v javnih pisnih medijih v letu 1991 ter oceniti, ali je imel povprecni bralec vsaj enega dnevnega casopisa moznost, da okrepi ali spremeni svoje mnenje o jedrski energiji. Merjenje in analiza relevantnih izbranih spremenljivk v 252 prispevkih v sestih slovenskih pisnih medijih sta pokazala, da je bila najpogostejsa jedrska tema zapiranje in razgradnja jedrskih elektrarn, sledili so ekonomski vidiki jedrske energije, vprasanja, povezana s skladiscenjem in odlagaliscem radioaktivnih odpadkov, delovanje NE Krsko, vpliv jedrske energije na zdravje, informacije o nezgodah, seizmoloska vprasanja. Strokovna tema - jedrska energija, je bila intenzivno predstavljena v slovenskih pisnih medijih v letu 1991, vendar prevladujoce s politicnega zornega kota. (author)

  15. Banks offer SE more than it asked for

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Janoska, J.

    2004-01-01

    About a year ago, when new management took over the financial department of Slovenske elektrarne (SE), a.s. the company was in crisis. It faced an acute cash-flow deficit and due loans of over 20 bill. Sk (501.21 mil. Eur). SE could not provide adequate guarantees for the required loans and without state guarantees it was virtually impossible or too expensive to obtain additional loans. But last week the situation changed for the better. Despite the fact that due to the restructuring of SE's loan portfolio, the company will pay the banks 3 bill. Sk (75.18 mil. Eur) less interest over the next three years than under the original arrangements, even the bakers seemed satisfied. A loan portfolio full of non-standard agreements signed with about 30 banks had previously prevented decisions regarding the structure of the company's assets and liabilities.The cabinet refused to admit that SE was in crisis and offered SE for sale, although it could not be privatised due to its debt structure and the fact that it was close to default. Despite this unfavourable situation, company economists decided to make an offensive move -in cooperation with a small group of banks they converted the tens of company loan agreements into a new loan package that will be simpler, cheaper, and with longer maturity periods, which will not require state guarantees. SE managed to restructure debts with a total value of 550 mil. Eur and until these transactions are completed the banks offered SE a bridge loan of 110 mil. Eur. The transaction related to a syndicated loan of 350 mil. Eur which was concluded in April. Eurobonds with a total value of 200 mil. Eur were issued two months later. The banks offered the company more than it requested. Demand for the Eurobond issue exceeded the 200 mil. Eur of bonds on offer. (author)

  16. Public relations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1998-01-01

    The Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic (NRA SR) laid the foundation of a policy of keeping the public informed about the activities and the safety of nuclear installations in the SR already in its origins by opening the NRA Information Centre. The NRA SR issues the Bulletin on NRA SR for domestic and foreign use, the bilingual Annual report on NRA activities for domestic and foreign public - detailed report for the specialists and a version for the Slovak Republic state authorities. On the occasion of the anniversary of the IAEA a special publication on the IAEA was prepared. Forty-nine contributions on NRA national and foreign activities were trans-missed to the Press Agency of the SR (TASR) over the course of 1997. In the journal Safety of Nuclear Energy the column 'Information' periodically carries the briefs on NRA activities. Four essential articles on NRA mission and responsibility in the are of peaceful uses of atomic energy were published in the Newsletter of the Slovak Information Agency (SIA). Contributions on NRA activities and international co-operation are periodically put out in the 'Slovenske elektrarne' Newsletter, the Slovak Nuclear Society Bulletin. Report on the Safety of NPPs in the Slovak Republic is annually published in the Journal European Nuclear Society - Nuclear Europe Worldscan. Some articles on NRA activities were published in the world information agency NucNet. The NRA issued in 1997 four editions of the internal Bulletin on the NRA's national and foreign activities and personnel. Three press conferences were held and six events were arranged in radio broadcasting in 1997

  17. The Inactivation of Escherichia Coli Bacteria Labelled with Tritiated Thymidine; Inactivation de Bacteries Escherichia Coli Marquees par la Thymidine Tritiee; 0418 043d 0414 ; Inactivacion de Escherichia Coli Marcada con Timidina Tritiada

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Apelgot, Sonia [Institut du Radium, Laboratoire Curie, Paris (France)

    1962-02-15

    stojkie k strepto- micinu, byli markirovany v ih DNK timidinom, mechennym tritiem. Izmerenie radioaktivnosti bylo sdelano pri pomoshhi zhidkogo scintilljacionnogo detek- tora s dvumja fotoumnozhiteljami sovpadenij. V dannyh uslovijah jeffektivnost' izmerenij ravnjalas' 5,5%, a fon - 130 kjuri/mol'. Radioaktivnye bakterii sohranjalis' v zapechatnanyh ampulah libo pri tem- perature 0 Degree-Sign C, libo pri temperature - 196 Degree-Sign C, i izuchalos' ih dal'nejshee sosto- janie. Jeti opyty pokazali, chto bakterii inaktivirujutsja funkcional'no v zavisi- mosti ot chisla rasshheplennyh atomov tritija. Inaktivacija zavisit ot tem- peratzgry, v kotoroj oni soderzhalis'. Vychislenie pokazyvaet, chto zffektiv nost' kazhdogo rasshheplennogo atoma dlja umershhvlenija bakterij ochen' neznachi- tel'na. Vychislenie kolichestva par sozdannyh pri inaktivacii ionov v bak- terii ispushhennymi beta-chasticami, poluchennymi vo vremja transmutacii atomov tritija, pokazyvaet, chto ono sravnimo s kolichestvom v sluchae s iks-luchami. Kazhetsja, chto vymiranie, vyzvannoe raspadom trutija, dolzhno byt' prjamo svjazano s proizvedinnoj ionzaciej v bakterial'noj DNK ispushhennymi beta- chasticami. (author)

  18. Szilard-Chalmers Processes in Ammonium Dihydrogen Phosphate as Studied by Electrophoresis and Electron Spin Resonance Techniques; Processus Szilard-Chalmers dans le Phosphate d'Ammonium Biacide Etudies par ELectro- Phorese et Resonance de Spin Electronique; 0418 0417 0423 0427 0414 ; Procesos Szilard-Chalmers en el Fosfato Monoamonico Estudiados por Electroforesis y Resonancia del Spin Electronico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fenger, J.; Nielsen, S. O. [Danish AEC Research Establishment, Riso (Denmark)

    1965-04-15

    identificar y caracterizar estos defectos por determinacion de la resonancia del spin electronico y exponen los resultados de un estudio por electroforesis y por resonancia del spin electronico efectuado con monocristales de fosiato monoamonico, despues de irradiarlos con neutrones en una columna termica a temperaturas comprendidas entre -196 Degree-Sign C y 40 Degree-Sign C. Se han registrado los espectros de resonancia del spin electronico en monocristales de ND{sub 4}D{sub 2}PO{sub 4} irradiados. Se han observado cuatro sistemas de lineas. Tres de ellos, que constituyen la parte exterior del espectro, se reducen a dobletes en ciertas orientaciones del cristal, lo que indica un acoplamiento hiperfino del {sup 31}P. No se han hallado indicios de acoplamiento del {sup 32}P. La parte central del espectro puede tambien producirse por irradiacion gamma pura. Se ha comprobado que uno de los sistemas de lfneas de la parte exterior del espectro proviene de los atomos calientes de retroceso resultantes del proceso {sup 14}N(n, p) {sup 14}C, y se ha atribuido a radicales fosfito que se hallan orientados de ocho maneras distintas en la red cristalina. Se exponen brevemente los resultados de la regeneracion por recocido termico y por irradiacion, estudiada por electroforesis. El resultado mas notable es que el ND{sub 4}D{sub 2}PO{sub 4} y el NH{sub 4}H{sub 2}PO{sub 4}, sometidos a irradiacion neutronica a 4 Degree-Sign C, -78 Degree-Sign C y -196 Degree-Sign C, difieren en su retencion, que para las tres temperaturas mencionadas es aproximadamente 50% mayor en compuesto deuterado. (author) [Russian] Neposredstvenno o defektah, obrazujushhihsja v kristallicheskih fosfatah za schet gorjachih atomov otdachi v rezul'tate jadernoj reakcii fosfor-31 (n, {gamma}) fosfor -32, imeetsja malo informacii, hotja imeetsja podrobnaja informacija o sostojanii fosfora-32 posle rastvorenija kristallov, obluchennyh nejtronami. Predprinimaja popytku ustanovit' i dat' harakteristiku jetim defektam s

  19. Short-Lived Isotopes Used as Tracers in Industry (with Special Reference to Swedish Industry); Emploi de Radioindicateurs de Courte Periode a l'Echelle Industrielie dans les Usines Suedoises; ПРИМЕНЕНИЕ КОРОТКОЖИВУЩИХ ИЗОТОПОВ В ПРОМЫШЛЕННОСТИ В КАЧЕСТВЕ МЕЧЕНЫХ АТОМОВ; Isotopos de Periodo Corto Utilizados Como Indicadores en la Industria Sueca

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Erwall, L. G.; Forsberg, H. G.; Ljunggren, K. [Isotoptekniska Laboratoriet, Stockholm (Sweden)

    1963-03-15

    prestar asistencia a las empresas industriales proporcionandoles asesoiamiento, personal y los instrumentos necesarios para las aplicaciones industriales de los radioisotopos. (author) [Russian] Metody radioaktivnyh mechenyh atomov bystro nahodjat svoe priznanie kak neocenimoe sredstvo dlja issledovanij i kontrolja v promyshlennosti. Oni uhe uspeshno primenjalis' v avarijnyh sluchajah, pri issle- dovanii harakteristik proizvodstvennyh uzlov i kak vspomogatel'noe sredstvo pri konstruirovanii takih proizvodstvennyh uzlov. Dannyj obzor soderzhit tipichnye primery primenenija korotkozhivushhih mechenyh atomov, kotorye mogut byt' polucheny v umerennyh nejtronnyh potokah, naprimer,natrija-24, magnija-56, broma-62, lantana-140, a takzhe hlora-38, kalija-42 i zolota-196. S pomoshh'ju korotkozhivushhih izotopov mozhno proizvodit': - izuchenie prohozhdenija tverdyh veshhestv cherez proizvodstvennye uzly (vrashhavshiesja sushil'nye pechi, domennye pechi, celljuloznye avtoklavy, bashni dlja otbelki, sgustiteli Dorra) ; - opredelenie skorosti potoka zhidkostej v trubah i v otkrytyh ruslah (naprimer, dlja izmerenija obshego kolichestva potreblenija vody na ustanovke); - opredelenie vremeni nahozhdenija zaderzhki i ob{sup e}ma zhidkostej v razlichnyh tehnologicheskih uzlah v celljuloznoj i bumazhnoj promyshlennosti - ''vzveshivanie'' po metodu izotopnogo razbavlenija dlja opredelenija kolichestva shlakov v martenovskih pechah; - opredelenie proishozhdenija nemetallicheskih primesej v stali dlja izyskanija luchshih materialov dlja oblicovki i dlja usovershenstvovanija metodov otlivki; - mechenie dlja opredelenija kachestva, pozvoljajushhee ustanovit' s absoljutnoj dostovernost'ju jeksperimental'nye stal'nye plavki i specificheskie materialy v chernoj metallurgii; - opredelenie jeffektivnosti mesilok v betonnoj promyshlennosti; - sostavlenie diagramm potoka v bassejnah dlja stochnyh vod ili zhidkih othodov v celjah nahozhdenija nailuchshego mesta dlja spuska takih zhidkostej

  20. Tritium Labelling by Means of Uranium Hydride; Marquage au Tritium au Moyen d'Hydrure d'Uranium; 0414 0435 0447 ; Marcacion con Tritio por Medio de Hidruro de Uranio

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Felter, R. E.; Currie, L. A. [Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA (United States)

    1962-02-15

    exponiendo la sustancia organica en fase vapor al tritiuro de uranio caliente. En los experimentos realizados con n-pentano y con etileno, se obtienen como principal producto las moleculas originales tritiadas. Las velocidades de incorporacion del tritio oscilaron entre el 0,2 y el 10 por ciento (del tritio inicial) por hora. Los autores han demostrado que la reaccion no se debe a efectos quimicos de las radiaciones, sino que se produce directamente entre los atomos de tritio de la superficie y el hidrocarburo. Ademas de aprovechar rapidamente en la marcacion una parte considerable del tritio presente, el metodo ofrece otra ventaja notable por la facilidad con que por simple enfriamiento del aparato hasta la temperatura ambiente, se puede eliminar de la fase gaseosa el tritio que no haya reaccionado con los vapores del hidrocarburo. (author) [Russian] Rassmatrivaetsja novyj i -jeffektivnyj metod vvedenija tritija v organicheskie molekuly. Mechenie pro- izvoditsja oblucheniem organicheskih parov s pomoshh'ju nagretogo tritidachrana. Pri opytah s n-pentanom i jetilenom glavnymi mechenymi produktami byli tritiro- vannye materinskie molekuly. Stepen pogloshhenija tritija kolebalas' pri- merno ot 0,2 do 10,0% (pervonachal'nogo kolichestva tritija) v chas. Bylo pokazano, chto mehanizm reakcii ne javljaetsja rezul'tatom radiacionnoj himii, a skoree prjamoj reakciej atomov vodoroda s poverhnosti s uglevodoro- dom. Pomimo bystrogo mechenija znachitel'noj ' dolej prisutstvujushhego tritija metod imeet eshhe odno unikal'noe dostoinostvo: tritij, ne vstupivshij v reak- ciju s organicheskim parom, legko ustranjaetsja iz gazovoj fazy prostym ohlazhde- niem reaktivnogo sosuda do komnatnoj temperatury. (author)

  1. R. Nemcsics: Before as sell it is necessary the power plants to get to know

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Beer, G.; Janoska, J.

    2003-01-01

    Minister of Economy of the Slovak Republic Robert Nemcsics talks about privatisation of the Slovenske elektrarne (SE), a.s., Bratislava. An offer Czech CEZ for privatisation of SE submitted after deadline - in May this year - in a letter sent to privatisation agency National Property Fund (FNM). In spite of the fact that Minister Nemcsics did not dismiss this idea at the beginning, after the official statement by CEZ, he slightly changed his attitude and explained that including CEZ's offer additionally into this tender - though this would be legally correct - could be a problem if other prospects raised objections. The possible joining of SE and CEZ even became a part of political debate between R. Nemcsics and his Czech colleague Minister, Milan Urban. The whole concept of the planned privatisation gives a option of choice. For sale is offered SE as a whole, it's conventional part (water and coal-fired power stations) or nuclear power stations. None of the prospects has shown interest in SE as a whole or it's nuclear part. Manager of CEZ explained that his company was willing to buy the whole SE. And this is what, according to information R. Nemcsics provided to TREND, would be the most desirable output. All these - the tender with an unknown end, uncertainties in management and new plans of the Minister - came at the beginning of this year when the Slovak electricity market started opening to import. Representatives of SE announced last year already that current regulatory framework and liberalisation directives could considerably disturb its financial stability. Ministry of Economy has some objections to SE's presentation of its performance as the figures, says the Ministry, do not reflect the actual situation of the company and so the company cannot be transparently appreciated. The Minister talks about serious financial problems in SE and about concerns about re-payment of debts. Last year's earnings only support these statements. The only reason the company

  2. Annual report 2002. 1.1.-21.1.2002

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pillar, V.

    2003-01-01

    In this Annual report of the Slovak Electric, plc (Slovenske elektrarne, a.s.) the results of operation in 2002 for the period from January 1 to January 21 are presented. It is unusual for a year to be considered as a matter of a few days, however, this is the case given the events at Slovak Electric, joint stock company which as of 21. 1. 2002 was dissolved and from which three new joint stock companies were established. Further proof of this is the annual report for 2002, which details the economic performance of the company during these 21 days, and the quantity of electricity and heat it generated and supplied to consumers. I am pleased to be able to state that this period of far-reaching changes during which the division of Slovak Electric, joint stock company into the new Slovak Electric, joint stock company, Slovak Electricity Transmission System, joint stock company and Heat Plant Kosice, joint stock company took place, did not cause any problems for Slovak consumers of electricity and heat. During the mentioned 21 January days of 2002, the sources of Slovak Electric generated 836,751 MWh of electricity, which represents 107 percent of the planned generation. The net profit for this period was 742,920 thousand crowns, the main influence being, of course, its short duration. As our economists have confirmed, the most important fact with a significant impact on net profit can be considered to be the amount of deferred taxes, which totalled 1,026,789 thou. Sk. With respect to the dissolution of the company, the company will apply 50 % tax depreciation from annual depreciation, which will, however, be reflected in the results of the newly established company - SE, a.s., as in the subsequent 344 day period its tax deductible depreciation will fall. It is clear that in the forthcoming period, in addition to this, many financial issues remain to be resolved by the management connected with the new form of the business, price, and management relationships within

  3. After four months new privatisation committee in SE

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Janoska, J.

    2003-01-01

    In spite of a delay the Minister of Economy of the Slovak Republic wants to meet the schedule set by Government. In middle of September 2002 six prospect submitted their tender offers for entering Slovenske elektrarne (SE), a.s, Bratislava. Representative of privatisation advisor of SE, PricewaterhouseCoopers, Peter Mitka told TREND that he was in contact with the investors but they were waiting for a signal from official authorities about the current state of the tender. And they have been waiting for four months. Only last week a new privatisation commission started dealing with the offers. In spite of these facts Minister of Economy, Robert Nemcsics does not consider the process slow and said that the Ministry would use all its efforts to adhere to the original privatisation schedule prepared by the former government. He further added that everything would depend on the offers submitted. Investors are not interest in SE as a whole but only in its parts. Several members of the committee do not agree with the privatisation and restructuring principles set by the government including a split of SE to conventional and nuclear parts. One of the opponents is the former manager of SE Tibor Mikus (HZDS) - representative of the Parliament or Vladimir Mojs representative of Slovak Energeticists Unions. This put a brake on the tender and changes in the management of SE as well. Privatisation Agency FNM still has not decided upon calling a Extraordinary General Meeting of SE that would elect new bodies. Spokeswoman of FNM, Tatjana Lesajova claims that the Fund is still missing a legal analysis that would review the possibility of changing SE's Articles of Association so that the Board of Directors could be assigned based on a tender (proposal of the Ministry). Members of SE Privatisation Committee: Eva Simkova - Secretary of State, Ministry of Economy SR; Laszlo Pomothy - Secretary of State, Ministry of Economy SR; Henrich Herceg - Advisor to the Minister of Economy SR

  4. The Inspector General's report on Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection 2008

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2009-01-01

    abroad; 20.1 - Japan: Kashiwasaki-Kariwa and Hamaoka power plants, the JSW casting and forging facilities at Muroran; 20.2 - Slovakia: Slovenske Elektrarne, Bohunice and Mochovce nuclear power plants; 20.3 - The USA: Constellation Energy, Calvert Cliffs nuclear power plant and Unistar Nuclear Energy; 21 - Appendices

  5. Bohunice V-1. Review of safety upgrading and operating experiences

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Korec, J.; Kuschel, D.

    2000-01-01

    The Bohunice site in the Slovak Republic has two Russian-designed twin-unit nuclear power plants, one equipped with reactors of the WWER 440/230 type, the other with type WWER 440/213 reactors. Two older units (V-1) started commercial operation in late 1978 and 1980 respectively and have been supplying electricity to the national grid since that time without any events that could have degraded plant safety level. In the period prior to 1990 the utility Slovenske Elektrarne (S.E.) performed extensive modifications and upgrades to the original design of the two older units V-1 NPP. Furthermore, significant steps in safety improvement for Bohunice NPP V-1 have been made since 1990. Following the political restructuring of the former Czechoslovakia and the country's new open-door policy towards western organizations, several international expert missions were focused on evaluation of Bohunice NPP safety status level and operational reliability, particularly targeting the two older units. Based on recommendations of individual expert missions and complementary deterministic and probabilistic safety analyses performed by S.E., the Czechoslovak Nuclear Regulatory Authority issued the Resolution No. 5/91 defining 81 measures concerning further safety and reliability improvement of Bohunice V1 .A range of short-term and long-term upgrades was prioritised in terms of importance to plant safety and work to implement these measures commenced in the early nineties. During the 'Small Reconstruction' from 1991 to 1993 some of the short term upgrading measures were realized to eliminate the most serious safety deficits, thus to achieve a significant reduction in core damage frequency and a major improvement in confinement integrity. In this paper and presentation the goals of the gradual reconstruction project, basic engineering, detailed engineering and realization, last major stage of Unit 2 upgrade, as well as final stage of Unit 1 upgrade in early 2000 are presented

  6. What Enel and Rusko will not find in the privatization documents

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Janoska, J.

    2004-01-01

    The lawyers of Enel will be spending the pre-Christmas period studying the transaction documents relating to the privatization of a 66% stake in Slovenske elektrarne, a.s. (Slovak Electric). At the beginning of the year, the Italian company Enel is set to sign the document that Cabinet approved in December 2004. Neither the draft privatization documents, nor the version approved by Parliament are publicly available. The Ministry promised to publish them after Enel signed the contracts. But Cabinet-level discussions prior to the approval of the documents uncovered problematic parts of the agreements related to the relationship between Enel, Slovak Electric and the state. Lawyers are examining the changes that were implemented based on recommendations of Cabinet members during the period after the postponement of the signing of the contract. Minister Pavol Rusko does not expect that Enel will reject the approved conditions, as that would mean the end of negotiations. But despite this, TREND asked whether he had an alternative plan prepared for such an eventuality. The Minister repeated that he had no doubt that the sale would be completed successfully and as of June Enel would become the new majority shareholder of Slovak Electric. He believes the 'the contract, which was very thoroughly prepared, will be very acceptable for both the selling and purchasing parties'. However, both the lawyers of Enel and the Minister should be aware of new facts they cannot be found in the privatisation documentation. And this is good news for both parties. This week Slovak Electric completed the process of financial restructuring and fulfilled the 'stabilization scenario'. Debt repayment has been postponed, debts will be repayable under standard conditions and will reflect the current capacity of the loan market. State guarantees have been decreased to a minimum and Slovak Electric will be able to request a new rating. More good news, mainly for P. Rusko, although he has not spoken

  7. Pavol Rusko brings up Mochovce again

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Janoska, J.

    2003-01-01

    Minister of Economy of the Slovak Republic Pavol Rusko would like to see the power plant in Mochovce finished. Press agency SITA quoted his statement that in case of privatisation of Slovenske elektrarne (SE), a.s., Bratislava investor should be searched that would be willing to complete the third and fourth blocks of the nuclear power plant. Last week a tender for sale of a 49-percent stake in SE was repeatedly launched when a privatisation advertisement was published in local and international press. Through a resolution announced last summer the cabinet allowed other companies to participate in the tender (as a reaction interest shown by Czech CEZ). CEZ would be interested in all areas of SE and not only in its conventional part as the other prospects. It is well possible that the number of prospects interested in nuclear energy may increase. Boss of SE, Miroslav Rapsik shares this view and last week announced that there would be probably at least two or three prospects that may be interested in SE as a whole. Amongst them some Russian companies. General Manager and Chairman of Board of Directors, Jaroslav Mil does not wasn't to speculate on under what conditions CEZ may agree with completing of Mochovce. He adds that building any source of nuclear power anywhere in Europe is very difficult without a clear support of wide political spectrum of the specific country. And he needs another assurance: that the cabinet would guarantee that it would eliminate all political pressure from side of the European Union.' In regards to a semi-finished source, according to J. Mil, it made a difference whether this was offered free or with all the fixed costs. 'First we have to see the figures,' he adds. Works on the third and fourth block were stopped in 1992 due to lack of funds. Based on the advise of privatisation advisor the semi-finished blocks were taken out of the privatisation. According to latest analysis the finalization would cost up to 43 billion Sk (1.04 billion

  8. Trust arguments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gelman, S.M.

    1995-01-01

    Full text: Public Information Centre of JSC Mashinastroitelny Zavod ('Elemash ' was founded in 1990. Before that any information about the enterprise (being, by the way' manufacturer of nuclear fuel for 20 NPPs, of Russia and a number of foreign countries) were forbidden to be given in mass medial conventional conversations outside the factory and even in the families of the employees. This caused the most fantastic ideas about materials and technologies used here as well as their impact on the environment in Electrostal (50 km on the east of Moscow) where the enterprise is situated. Since the moment of its creation the Centre is not only informing the population about the technological and ecological peculiarities of nuclear fuel manufacturing, but also forms positive attitude both, towards the activity of the enterprise atomic energy as a whole. During the 4 years of its existence te Center was visited by more than 5.000 people; the majority of them are schoolchildren students with whom we are in close contact because we realize that the 'pro-nuclear' orientation of the mentality should be founded in the early age when humans world outlook is-formed. In the more aged group the majority are the workers of the factories nearby, military and retired people and reporters of te town's newspapers. We've good amount of demonstration materials, which speak in favour of the atomic energy and enterprises of the nuclear fuel cycle engaged in it. These are NPPs schemes, mock-ups of nuclear reactors, assemblies manufactured by the factory and a wide variety of films on nuclear energy. Video films made in the main workshops are of peculiar interest; automation of the technology process, providing not only for nuclear fuel quality but also for high level of nuclear and radiation safety during its production. We pay attention not only to traditional arguments in favour of the atomic energy, but draw attention of the public to the fact that a factory engaged in the nuclear fuel

  9. Modern weapons and military equipments for issue 3-2016 / Современное вооружение и военное оборудование за но. 3-2016 / Savremeno naoružanje i vojna oprema za broj 3-2016

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dragan M. Vučković

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Модернизовани индијски топ М 46; Вишеструке бојеве главе за DF-5A; Oзбиљна балистичка противбродска претња; Русија представила нови SU-30 SME „Flanker'; Откривени нови детаљи у вези тенка T-90 MS; Нови транспортер за руске ваздушно десантне трупе BTR-MDM; Нова димензија поморске контроле групе носача авиона; Руски модуларни оружни систем; Потреба за хиперсоничном брзином; Модернизовани Mi-8 MSB-V; Давидова праћка је оперативна; Нови северно корејски ракетни мотор. / Upgraded Indian M46 contenders to shoot it out in desert trials; China gives DF-5As multiple warheads; Raining down: Assessing the emergent ASBM threat; Russia reveals new SU-30 SME „Flanker“; UralVagonZavod reveals T-90 MS details; Airbornarmour Russian forces set for BTR-MDM; Taking out the archer:NIFC-CA concept goes to sea; Russian 6S21 RWS adopts modular approach; Hypersonic hustle: Global efforts raise to satisfy need for speed; Ukraine develops Mi-8 MSB-V upgrades; Rafael begins DSWS deliveries to IAF; North Korean rocket motor test increases ICBM credibility.

  10. Teaching National and General History of Music at College Level and at the University of Zagreb

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stanislav Tuksar

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The teaching of music history at various colleges and at the University of Zagreb (founded in 1669, and renewed in 1874 started during the 1920s. However, its prehistory goes back to the 1890s: the first courses in music history were taught at the music school of the Narodni zemaljski glasbeni zavod (Institute of Music from 1890 on, only to be continued later at the Croatian Conservatory (1916. With the Academy of Music (1922 music history began to be taught at university level as a main, compulsory subject, while at the Faculty of Humanities (in 1928-1938; 1981-1994, the Catholic Theological Faculty with its Institute for Church Music (probably since 1951, the Teacher’s College (since 1951 and Croatian Studies (since 1994, all within the University of Zagreb (to which the Academy of Music joined only in 1980, it was taught in the form of a mixture of obligatory and elective subjects. Among a number of more or less outstanding personalities who figured as teachers of music history, including composers, music theorists, conductors, organists, music critics, and expert music historians, mention should be made of the world-known musicologist Dragan Plamenac (who served as ‘Privatdozent’ at the Faculty of Humanities in 1928-1938 period and of Josip Andreis, who taught Croatian and European music history in parallel at the Academy of Music from 1948 to 1972. In 1970 a modern Department of Musicology was created replacing the old Historical Department, where the new generation of musicologists such as Ivan Supičić and Koraljka Kos introduced new international standards in teaching methods. Tutorial books and other necessary literature for students were at first written by domestic musicologists, so that, for example, from 1950s to 1990s J. Andreis was the author of influential books covering both history of Croatian music and the history of European music, used not only in Croatia but also throughout the former Yugoslavia. The present teaching

  11. Theoretical Aspects of Phonon Dispersion Curves for Metals; Aspects Theoriques des Courbes de Dispersion des Phonons pour les Metaux; Teoreticheskie aspekty fononnykh dispersionnykh krivykh dlya metallov; Aspectos Teoricos de las Curvas de Dispersion Fononica en Metales

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cochran, W. [Department of Natural Philosophy, University of Edinburgh, Scotland (United Kingdom)

    1965-04-15

    predstavljajut rezul'taty po svincu: okazalos' nevozmozhnym podognat' ih na osnove modeli konstanty sily, odnako dispersionnye krivye dlja volnovyh vektorov v simmetrichnyh napravlenijah, esli analizirovat' ih s tochki zrenija konstant sily mezhdu ploskostjami atomov, pokazyvajut nalichie kolebatel'nogo mezhatomnogo potenciala, prostirajushhegosja na rasstojanija, prevyshavshie 20A. Nastojashhij obzor posvjashhen poslednim teoreticheskim rabotam, imejushhim otnoshenie k raschetu fononnyh dispersionnyh krivyh dlja metallov i ob'jasneniju dal'nego dejstvija mezhatomnogo potenciala. V nastojashhee vremja naibolee obnadezhivajushhim metodom obshhej traktovki vzaimodejstvija atomov v metallah predstavljaetsja ''metod nejtral'nyh psevdoatomov'', kotoryj byl nedavno opisan Zimanom. Kratko izlozhena jeta priblizhennaja teorija i rassmotren vopros o ee spravedlivosti dlja anomalij Kona v fononnyh dispersionnyh krivyh. Jeksperimental'nye dannye po natriju soglasujutsja s teoriej, i mezhatomnyj potencial v natrii periodicheski menjaetsja na rasstojanii {pi}/k{sub F}(gde hk{sub F} - moment Fermi), kak bylo uzhe dokazano inym putem Kenigom. Bolee tochnye raschety po natriju proizveli Tojja i Sham. Rassmatrivaetsja svjaz' mezhdu razlichnymi metodami i drugimi rabotami bolee obshhego haraktera, naprimer, rabotoj Harrisona. (author)

  12. Diffusion, recrystallization and phase transformations; Diffusion, recristallisation et changements de phase; Diffuziya, rekristallizatsiya i fazovye prevrashcheniya; Difusion, recristalizacion y cambios de fase

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bokshtejn, S Z; Gubareva, M A; Kishkin, S T; Moroz, L M

    1962-01-15

    estructura del metal sufre modificaciones importantes despues de la recristalizacion, asi como despues de la transformacion polimorfica {alpha} {r_reversible} {gamma}, los atomos situados en los limites de los granulos iniciales no experimentan desplazamientos considerables. De manera analoga, los atomos de un aditivo (carbono radiactivo) situados en los limites de los granulos iniciales no migran a traves de los limites de los nuevos granulos del metal recristalizado. En cambio, la deformacion plastica va acompanada de migraciones considerables de los atomos situados en los limites de los granulos. Los datos obtenidos demuestran que la migracion de los limites de los granulos durante la recristalizacion y subsiguiente formacion de los granulos esta relacionada con un mecanismo especifico distinto del habitual mecanismo de difusion. Los autores han demostrado que las transformaciones estructurales que ocurren en las aleaciones a temperaturas elevadas pueden modificar la velocidad de los proceseos de autodifusion y heterodifusion. Basandose en el estudio de los procesos de difusion en el titanio y sus aleaciones en relacion con el estado polimorfico, los autores han comprobado que la velocidad de los procesos difiere notablemente en las distintas variedades cristalinas del titanio. Con ello desaparece la contradicion que existia entre el elevado punto de fusion del titanio y la energia de activacion del proceso de difusion en este elemente, que es relativamente baja. (author) [Russian] Razrabotana metodika, pozvolyayushchaya s pomoshch'yu radioaktivnykh izotopov issledovat' povedenie granits zeren v protsesse plasticheskoj deformatsii i posleduyushchej rekristallizatsii. Pokazano, chto rekristallizatsiya zheleza pri sravnitel'no malykh (15%) i bol'shikh (50-70%) stepenyakh deformatsii ne privodit k sushchestvennomu izmeneniyu mestopolozheniya atomov osnovnogo metalla, nakhodyashchikhsya na granitse iskhodnykh zeren. Pri znachitel'nom izmenenii struktury metalla posle

  13. Some recent developments in the application of radioisotope techniques in Australia; Progres recents dans l'application des methodes radioisotopiques en Australie; Poslednie dostizheniya v oblasti primeneniya radioizotopov v Avstralii; Recientes progresos realizados en Australia en las aplicaciones tecnicas de los radioisotopos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gregory, J N [Australian Atomic Energy Commission Research Establishment, Sutherland, N.S.W. (Australia)

    1962-01-15

    contadores de centelleo callibrados instalados debajo del agua. Los experimentos pusieron de relieve que la corriente resultaba mas afectada por el viento que por cualquier otro factor. En ausencia de viento, una proporcion considerable del agua caliente retornaba a la central al cabo de tres o cuatro horas, circulando por la superficie del deposito. Ello puso de manifiesto que el sistema de admision del agua se habia proyectado incorrectamente, por lo que hubo de modificarse. El autor describe asimismo un estudio del esquema de circulacion de las soluciones de azucar bruto en un tanque Bach de sedimentacion. Despues de haber sido tratada con cal, la solucion caliente penetra en el tanque por una tuberia de alimentacion que desemboca en la parte superior del mismo, en tanto que la solucion clarificada se estrae por tuberias situadas a seis niveles distintos. Los solidos precipitados se extraen por la parte inferior. Se inyecto una solucion conteniendo 5 milicuries de bromo-82 en la tuberia de alimentacion y el paso del indicador se midio cuantitativamente a medida que aparecia en las seis tuberias de salida, utilizando detectores de centelleo blindados. Un estudio de la distribucion de la actividad dentro de cada tuberia, en funcion del tiempo, permitio formarse una idea clara de las caracteristicas de la corriente en el tanque de sedimentacion. Por ultimo, el autor estudia el rendimiento de la operacion de mezcla en un mezclador de tipo espiral. (author) [Russian] V dannom dokumente daetsya opisanie nekotorykh rabot, vypolnennykh sektsiej izotopov Komissii po atomnoj ehnergii Avstralii za poslednie dva goda, osobenno v svyazi s promyshlennymi ehksperimentami i ispytaniyami, provedennymi v dannoj oblasti v sotrudnichestve s drugimi organizatsiyami. Bylo provedeno issledovanie skhemy potokov v okhladitel'nom bassejne ehlektrostantsii s ispol'zovaniem joda-131 v vide mechenykh atomov. Potok vody byl proslezhen kolichestvenno vo vsem bassejne ob{sup e}mom v 200000000 gallonov s

  14. Containment of Plasma Trapped in a Magnetic Well; Confinement d'un Plasma Piege dans un Puits Magnetique; Uderzhanie plazmy, zakhvachennoj v magnitnoj yame; Confinamiento de un Plasma Atrapado en un Pozo Magnetico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Francis, G.; Hill, J. W.; Mason, D. W. [United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority, Culham Laboratory, Abingdon, Berks. (United Kingdom)

    1966-04-15

    -Operator 5 keV) han confirmado esos Besultados. En dichos experimentos, el flujo de atomos rapidos duro 140-200 {mu}s, tanto en espejos sencillos como en campos complejos. La senal debida a la emision por intercambio de carga alcanzo su maximo unos 30 (is despues del instante de la captura. Esta senal mide el producto de las densidades de iones rapidos y de gas neutro. Un aumento deliberado de la presion residual hasta 10{sup 5} Torr'no altero mayormente la amplitud de la sellai. Los intentos de modificar la afluencia de gas calentando la camara en un homo y evaporando litio no dieron resultados, pero el revestimiento de litio mostro indicios de severo bombardeo segun las lineas cuspidales entre las barras de Ioffe. Un lazo diamagnetico compensado, colocado dentro de la camara de vacio, indico que el valor de {beta} correspondiente al plasma atrapado era igual a por lo menos 0,1; el diamagnetismo disminuyo abruptamente al cabo de 50 {mu}s, confirmando que la serial del atomo neutro, de mayor duracion, debe provenir en gran medida de la afluencia de gas neutro. (author) [Russian] Pazma iz koaksial'noj pushki napravljaetsja shodjashhimsja magnitnym polem v central'nuju stekljannuju vakuumnuju kameru. Zdes' chast' plazmy otrazhaetsja ot magnitnogo zerkala i zatem zahvatyvaetsja v rezul'tate primenenija drugogo bystro narastajushhego zerkal'nogo polja. Mozhno takzhe primenjat' stabilizirujushhie polja, sozdavaemye tokami, v shesti palkah Ioffe, raspolozhennyh parallel'no osi. Bystro narastajushhie polja ostajutsja priblizitel'no postojannymi v techenie 1 millisekundy. V ranee provedennyh jeksperimentah s plazmoj so srednej plotnost'ju 4 x 10{sup 10} cm{sup -3} energiej ionov 1 kjev pri prostoj zerkal'noj geometrii voznikala zhelobkovaja neustojchivost' i vrashhenie plazmy; pri jetom plazma terjalas' cherez 60 mksek. Pri primenenii stabilizirujushhih polej vremja zhizni jenergichnyh ionov (izmerjaemoe po potoku jemissii perezarjazhennyh nejtral'nyh atomov) uvelichivalos' do 250

  15. Handling and Separation of Short-Lived Radioisotopes from Research Reactors; Manipulation et Separation des Radioisotopes a Courte Periode Produits dans des Reacteurs de Recherche; ПОЛУЧЕНИЕ И ОТДЕЛЕНИЕ КОРОТКОЖИВУЩИХ ИЗОТОПОВ В ИССЛЕДОВАТЕЛЬСКИХ РЕАКТОРАХ; Manipulacion y Separacion de Radioisotopos de Periodo Corto Obtenidos en Reactores de Investigacion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Meinke, W. W. [University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)

    1963-03-15

    iz-za udalennosti ot snabzhavshego reaktora chasto ogranichivalos' temi, kotorye imeet period poluraspada bol'she odnogo dnja. Jeto tormozilo issledovanija v oblasti proizvodstva i primenenija radioizotopov voobshhe i v to zhe vremja meshalo potrebitele tochno ocenit' vozmozhnosti mnogih korotkozhivushhih izotopov. V svjazi s nalichiem vo vsem mire issledovatel'skih reaktorov jeta zavisimost' ot mesta proizvodstva izotopov mozhet predstavljat' soboj izvestnuju trudnost', no v to zhe vremja ona daet vozmozhnost' provodit' rjad novyh jeksperimentov s korotkozhivushhimi izotopami. Dlja jetogo trebuetsja vplotnuju podojti k voprosam proizvodstva mechenyh atomov. Pochti v techenie pjati let programma raboty ka issledovatel'skom reaktore Michiganskogo universiteta vkljuchala obrabotku, pererabotku i izmerenie korotkozhivushhih izotopov. Obychno pol'zovalis' izotopami, prodolzhitel'nost' poluraspada kotoryh ravnjalas' chasam i dazhe minutam. Hotja v dannom sluchae glavnye usilija byli napravleny na issledovanija v oblasti aktivacionnogo analiza, ispol'zovavsheesja oborudovanie i metodika mogut byt' primeneny i dlja drugih issledovanij. Dlja poluchenija korotkozhivushhih izotopov ne objazatel'no imet' sovershennoe oborudovanie, bol'shie zapasy izotopov ili podderzhivat' trehsmennuju rabotu reaktora. Pri uverennom obrashhenii s prostymi manipuljatorami mozhno poluchit' luchshie rezul'taty, chem distancionnym upravleniem. Osnovoj sistemy, opisyvaemoj v doklade, javljaetsja prisposoblenie v vide pnevmaticheskoj truby, kotoraja dostavljaet obrazcy v vytjazhnoj kolpak laboratorii, primykajushhej k reaktoru, v techenie treh sekund posle obluchenija. Rastvorenie i bystroe otdelenie radiohimicheskim sposobom mozhet proizvodit'sja bez dal'nejshego peremeshhenija obrazca. Metody otdelenija, legko prisposablivaemye dlja kratkovremennoj shkaly (neskol'ko minut), vkljuchajut ne tol'ko selektivnuju jekstrakciju, anionnyj obmen i osazhdenie, no i takie novye metodiki, kak izotopnyj obmen i

  16. Chemical Effects of Nuclear Recoil in Organic Halide Systems: A New Theoretical Treatment and Experimental Verification of the Theory; Effets Chimiques du Recul Nucleaire dans des Systemes Organiques Halogenes: Nouveau Traitement Theorique et Verification Experimentale de la Theorie; Khimicheskie vozdejstviya yadernoj otdachi v organicheskikh galoidnykh sistemakh: novoe teoreticheskoe tolkovanie i ehksperimental'noe podtverzhdenie teorii; Efectos Quimicos del Retroceso Nuclear en Sistemas de Haluros Organicos: Nuevo Tratamiento Teorico y Verificacion Experimental de la Teoria

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kontis, S. S.; Sanitwongs, P.; Weston, M. [Londonderry Laboratory for Radiochemistry, University of Durham, Durham (United Kingdom)

    1965-04-15

    calientes; la retencion se expresa en funcion de dos tipos de parametros, a saber: 1) la probabilidad relativa de que ei choque de un atomo caliente de halogeno radiactivo con una molecula determinada produzca la retencion del atomo caliente en dicha molecula; 2) los limites energeticos superior e inferior dentro de los cuales el atomo de bromo puede considerarse caliente. Los autores demuestran como el primer tipo de parametro puede deducirse experimentalmente de mezclas binarias de un haluro organico y el correspondiente halogeno libre; el segundo tipo de parametro debe deducirse a partir de datos nucleares quimicos. Dichos metodos han sido ensayados en los sistemas C{sub 2}H{sub 5}Br/CCl{sub 4}/Br{sub 2} and C{sub 2}H{sub 5}Br/C{sub 6}H{sub 5}Br/Br{sub 2}. Los valores calculados para las retenciones (empleando parametros derivados del estudio de los sistemas C{sub 2}H{sub 5}Br/Br{sub 2}, CCl{sub 4}/Br{sub 2} and C{sub 6}H{sub 5}Br/Br{sub 2})) eoncuerdan satisfactoriamente con los dalos hallados experimentalmeme en mezclas cuya fraccion molar de bromo es superior a 0,1. De esta manera se considera que el mecanismo propuesto por Libby permite explicar las retenciones organicas observadas en dichas mezclas. Cuando la fraccion molar de bromo se va reduciendo a valores inferiores a 0,1, las retenciones observadas se hacen progresivamente mayores que los valores calculados. Este fenomeno se atribuye a la existencia de otros modos de marcacion con atomos calientes, que entran en juego cuando la concentracion de bromo no es bastante elevada para eliminar adecuadamente los radicales en virtud de mecanismos de depuracion. (author) [Russian] Byli razrabotany metody rascheta organicheskogo uderzhanija radiogalogenov, kotorye mozhno ozhidat' vsledstvie nejtronnoj aktivacii smesej dvuh organicheskih galoidov i sootvetstvujushhih svobodnyh galogenov. Jeti metody osnovany na koncepcijah processa ''bil'jardnogo shara'' Libbi po mecheniju gorjachih atomov, i uderzhanija vyrazhajutsja v

  17. EdF let Germans manage Stredoslovenska Energetika

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Janoska, J.

    2003-01-01

    According to provisions of privatisation and shareholders agreement Stredoslovenska energetika (SSE), a.s., Zilina should be managed by the largest European power concern Electricite de France (EdF). But so far, one year after the acquisition, the only French member of the Supervisory board is its Chairman Patrick Luccioni. The Board has 5 members and two of them are German - Peter Weis and Martin Konerman. The latter joined in September this year. He came to Slovakia after years spent in Boards of Hungarian distribution companies - Elmu in Budapest and Emasz in Miskolcz. The name of Peter Weis still can be found on the web page of Emasz on the list of members of Supervisory Board. Strategic partner in both the mentioned Hungarian distribution companies is the third largest player on the German energy market - Energie Baden-Wurttemberg (EnBW). The French concern with its 35-percent stake is the biggest individual shareholder of the EnBW. EdF is reassessing its international projects. Due to an investment embargo the French will not be among the prospects interested in acquisition of Slovenske elektrarne, a.s., Bratislava but the company management has also announced its intention to sell its minority stakes in northern and eastern Europe. The Paris head office of EdF announced its decision in the time when privatisation of Slovak distribution companies was culminating. And so in order to maintain its influence the 49-percent stake in SSE together with management control over the company will be transferred to EnBW. Spokeswoman of EnBW, Petra Wollmer did not say the company would not plan any acquisitions in area of its core business but stressed that these would have to be thoroughly examined. She did not wish to comment on any potential plans the company may have in Slovakia or that would relate to changes in the management bodies of SSE. Not even the Head of Communication Department of the Slovak distribution company, Pavel Muller was allowed to publish any

  18. Statement of participants at the International Conference on Can Slovakia secure energy supply and sustainable development without nuclear?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mikus, T.; Suchomel, J.

    2004-01-01

    The participants at the Conference called on decision makers both in the European Union (EU) and in Slovakia to provide fair treatment to nuclear power compared with other energy sources, especially with renewable, without prejudice to nuclear safety. This implies ensuring equality in terms of economics, tax, and accounting for externalities. The participants called on the Slovak government to initiate studies that compare the full life-cycle costs, impacts and risks, across the spectrum of energy sources and uses. They should also internalize the external costs. The participants called for a debate on the Slovak energy needs, taking into account the environmental impact of all potential sources of energy and the costs of providing electricity from those sources, and in addition a rational and objective analysis of the security of supply of those sources. It is necessary to have a range of sources for electricity generation that are cost effective and reliable, and respect the environment. The Slovak economy cannot withstand a sudden loss of its guaranteed energy supply. The participants believe that the major government role is setting overall policy for the economy, energy and the environment, with an adequate base in legislation and institutional competence. The Slovak government should have clear strategies for achieving self-sufficient energy-policy goals with reserve power and for meeting climate-change and air-quality goals. The Conference concluded that the nuclear option should remain open in Slovakia, as part of a balanced energy mix, in line with developments abroad and the EU Green Paper from 2000; the alternative is Slovak's failure to secure an affordable energy supply for its citizens. The participants supported the completion of Mochovce 3, 4, complying with enhanced safety requirements, as the most effective option. In Slovenske elektrarne, a.s. (SE) privatization, the government should insist on as large an involvement of Slovak firms in the

  19. Self-diffusion in volume and at the grain-boundaries of gamma-iron of high purity (99.99%); Autodiffusion en volume et aux joints de grains du fer gamma de haute purete (99,99 %); Ob'emnaya samodiffuziya i samodiffuziya na poverkhnosti granul zheleza u vysokoj chistoty (99,99%); Autodifusion en volumen y en los limites intergranulares del hierro gamma de elevada pureza (99,99 por ciento)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lacombe, P; Guiraldenq, P; Leymonie, C [Centre de Recherches Metallurgiques, Ecole Nationale Superieure des Mines, Paris (France)

    1962-01-15

    1260 Degree-Sign y 918 Degree-Sign C, y de las constantes de autodifusion en las uniones intergranulares entre 1020 Degree-Sign y 918 Degree-Sign C. (author) [Russian] Vvidu trudnostej, s kotorymi vstretilis' pri tochnom izmerenii koehffitsientov samodiffuzii kak vnutri, tak i mezhdu samimi granulami v nekotorykh intervalakh temperatury, kogda sosushchestvuyut oba yavleniya, my byli vynuzhdeny pribegnut' k obychnomu metodu deleniya na chasti. V samom dele my uzhe ustanovili, chto dlya vyazkogo polutverdogo tela posle diffuzii kontsentratsiya radioaktivnykh atomov c (x{sub n}) na rasstoyanii x{sub n} ot pervonachal'nogo radioaktivnogo osadka yavlyaetsya prostoj funktsiej obshchej aktivnosti, kotoraya ostaetsya v obraztse posle abrazii na glubinu x{sub n}. EHtot vyvod yavlyaetsya rezul'tatom obobshcheniya formuly Gruzina, kotoraya do nastoyashchego vremeni primenyalas' tol'ko v ob{sup e}mnoj diffuzii. Takim obrazom my pokazali, chto mozhno putem izmereniya obshchej aktivnosti, ostayushchejsya v zavisimosti ot glubiny proniknoveniya razlichat' dolyu aktivnosti, kotoraya proiskhodit iz-za ob{sup e}mnoj samodiffuzii ot aktivnosti, proiskhodyashchej iz-za mezhgranulovoj samodiffuzii. Odnako tsennost' metoda zaklyuchaetsya v tom, chtoby prosledit' dal'she na tom zhe samom obraztse perekhod ob{sup e}mnoj samodiffuzii v mezhgranulovuyu samodiffuziyu. My primenili ehtot novyj metod dlya izmereniya konstant ob{sup e}mnoj samodiffuzii v zheleze u pri temperature 1260 Degree-Sign i 980 Degree-Sign C, a takzhe samodiffuzii na poverkhnosti granul pri temperature 1020 Degree-Sign i 918 Degree-Sign C. (author)

  20. Description of Radiation Sources Installed at the French Atomic Energy Commissariat; Description de sources de rayonnement installees au commissariat a l'energie atomique; Opisanie istochnikov oblucheniya, nakhodyashchikhsya v frantsuzskom komissariate po atomnoj ehnergii; Descripcion de las fuentes de radiaciones instaladas en el commissariat a l'energie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Leveque, P

    1960-07-15

    organicas, ya que el flujo epitermico y rapido provoca la activacion de la mayor parte de los productos sometidos a la irradiacion. A continuacion, el autor describe las instalaciones del Centro de Aplicaciones Atomicas de Lyon creado en las proximidades de dicha ciudad por un grupo de industriales. Este Centro, que segun esta previsto comenzara a funcionar en 1960, tendra un caracter semi-industrial (para comenzar, una fuente de cobalto-60 de 3 000 curies y mas adelante, otra de 40 000 curies) y permitira realizar operaciones de irradiacion de una manera continua. (author) [Russian] Prezhde vsego avtor daet opisanie chetyrekh ustanovok, nakhodyashchikhsya v yadernom issledovatel'skom tsentre v Sakleh. - Laboratornyj istochnik v 600 kyuri kobal'ta-60; ispol'zuemyj pribor yavlyaetsya prostym i bezopasnym, no ne daet vozmozhnosti izmenyat' potok gamma-luchej. - Pribor, sostoyashchij iz semi istochnikov kobal'ta-60 (samyj moshchnyj v 1000 kyuri), ustanovlennykh v betonnoj kamere; pnevmaticheski j pribor pozvolyaet ustanovit' odin ili neskol'ko neobkhodimykh istochnikov v rabochem polozhenii. - Kamera vmeshchaet 100 sterzhnej yadernogo goryuchego ot novogo reaktora EL3; chast' ehtoj kamery prisposoblena dlya okhlazhdeniya, chto pozvolit proizvodit' opyty nad konservatsiej pishchevykh produktov dejstviem oblucheniya. - Vertikal'nye kanaly reaktora EL 2, tak nazyvaemye ''okna khimika''; kogda ehti kanaly obernuty kadmievoj fol'goj, dostigaemyj potok gamma-luchej perekhodit so 100000 na 200000 rentgeno/chasov, no oni mogut sluzhit' tol'ko dlya oblucheniya organicheskikh materialov, tak kak imeetsya aktivatsiya bol'shej chasti obluchaemykh produktov pri pomoshchi bystrogo ehpitermicheskogo potoka. Zatem avtor daet opisanie pribora, ustanovlennogo v Lionskom tsentre po ispol'zovaniyu atomov, postroennogo okolo Liona gruppoj promyshlennikov. EHtot pribor, pusk v ehkspluatatsiyu kotorogo predusmotren na nachalo 1960 goda, budet nosit' polupromyshlennyj kharakter (istochnik kobal'ta-60

  1. Application of radiochemistry to the preparation of high-purity silicon; Application de la radiochimie a la preparation de silicium de purete elevee; Primenenie radiokhimii dlya prigotovleniya kremniya vysokoj chistoty; Aplicacion de la radioquimica a la preparacion de silicio de elevada pureza

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ichimiya, Toeao; Baba, Hideo; Nozaki, Tadashi [Electrical Communication Laboratory, Musashino-Shi, Tokyo (Japan)

    1962-01-15

    concentracion de yodo en la corriente de gas empleado para la yoduracion, hallandose que este procedimiento podia aplicarse al control automatico de la reaccion de yoduracion a condicion de perfeccionar la tecnica utilizada. (author) [Russian] Radiokhimicheskie issledovaniya protsessa polucheniya kremniya vysokoj chistoty dlya ego ispol'zovaniya v kachestve poluprovodnika obespechili priobretenie razlichnogo roda poleznoj informatsii i metodov dlya razvitiya dannogo protsessa. Povedenie fosfora v kachestve primesi na ochistitel'noj stadii rekristallizatsii i na urovne zonal'noj ochistki izuchalos' putem ispol'zovaniya radioaktivnogo fosfora v kachestve mechenykh atomov i bylo vyyasneno, chto na kazhdoj stadii produkty gidroliza, nakhodyashchiesya v vzvesi s chetyrekhjodistym kremniem, igrayut vazhnuyu rol' v udalenii ne tol'ko fosfora, no i drugikh primesej. Byl ispol'zovan aktivatsionnyj analiz dlya opredeleniya kontsentratsii mysh'yaka na protyazhenii vsego protsessa i bylo ukazano, chto posle fraktsionnoj peregonki ona mozhet byt' snizhena do 10-13 chastej na million. Ukazyvalos' takzhe na osnovanii nejtronnogo aktivatsionnogo analiza, chto ehlementarnyj kremnij posle termicheskogo razlozheniya joda obychno soderzhit neskol'ko chastej joda na million, no ego kontsentratsiya mozhet byt' s pomoshch'yu prostogo sinteza snizhena na odin poryadok velichiny. Pogloshchenie myagkikh luchej bylo primeneno dlya opredeleniya kontsentratsii joda v jodistom potoke gaza i bylo najdeno, chto takoj printsip mozhet byt' primenen k avtomaticheskomu kontrolyu nad jodistoj reaktsiej s posleduyushchim razvitiem sootvetstvuyushchikh metodov. (author)

  2. Assessment of Tritium in Production Workers; Charge Corporelle de Tritium dans les Usines de Production de ce Radioelement; 041e 041f 0420 0415 0414 ; Evaluacion del Tritio en el Personal Dedicado a la Produccion de Este Isotopo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Butler, F. E. [Savannah River Plant, E. I. Dupont de Nemours and Company, Aiken, SC (United States)

    1964-11-15

    }c/l, la periode biologique moyenne etait de' 9,5 j. La periode variait en raison inverse dela temperature ambiante et de l'age des sujets. (author) [Spanish] En la planta del rio Savannah se ha organizado un;programa de determinacion del tritio basado en ei analisis rapido de gran cantidad de muestras de orina. En los diez ultimos anos se han analizado mas del 300 000 del estas muestras. Se describe un metodo de recuento, basado en un centelleador liquido, que se utiliza corrientemente para el analisis de las muestras de orina. El metodo permite determinar en 1 min muestras sin tratar que solo contienen 1 {mu}c de tritio por litro. El limite de deteccion, en el caso de la orina destilada, es de 5 * 10{sup -4} {mu}c de tritio por litro. Se examina la automatizacion del equipo, la mezcla de centelleo y los volumenes de muestras optimos, la seleccion de reactivos y de recipientes de recuento, y la eliminacion de radionuclidos susceptibles de interferir. Se resumen los estudios empiricos realizados sobre el periodo biologico. En 310 casos en que la concentracion inicial de tritio en la orina estuvo comprendida entre 20 y 118 {mu}c/l, el periodo biologico medio fue de 9,5 d. El periodo biologico vario en relacion inversa a la temperatura ambiente y a la edad de los individuos. (author) [Russian] Programma po opredeleniju soderzhanija tritija v biologicheskih obrazcah na zavode v Savanna- River vkljuchaet issledovanie bol'shego kolichestva prob mochi v korotkie sroki. Za poslednie desjat' let proizveden analiz bolee 300 tys prob mochi. Daetsja opisanie metoda zhidkostnoj 'bcintilljacii, ispol'zuemogo v nastojashhee vremja dlja analiza mochi. Neobrabotannye proby, soderzhashhie 1 mkkjuri/l-tritija mogut byt. issledovany v techenie odnoj minuty. Predelom obnaruzhenija dlja distillirovannoj, mochi javljaetsja 5 * 10{sup -4} mkkjuri/l. Obsuzhdajutsja voprosy avtomatizacii oborudovanija, optimal'noj scintil- lirujushhej smesi i'ob{sup e}ma obrazcov, vybora reaktivov; kontejnerov

  3. International training course on uranium exploration

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Barretto, P.M.C.

    1978-01-01

    friendship. The Geological Survey of Ljubljana (Geoloski Zavod Ljubljana) and the Zirovski Uranium Mining Company (Rudnik Urana Zirovski vrh) fully supported the field and office work. They contributed in no small way to the success of the course Also some manufacturers of radiometnc equipment loaned several field instruments without which the field training would not have been possible Although the main purpose of the training course was to provide training in the use of geochemical techniques in the various stages of uranium exploration, the work accomplished by the trainees provided a positive contribution to the uranium exploration programme of the host country In addition to prospecting a large area (300 km 2 ) where several anomalies were indicated at reconnaissance level, it provided an orientation study from which the Geological Survey of Ljubljana can select the most effective uranium geochemical techniques for their geological environment. Another interregional course on uranium prospecting will be held in Golden, Colorado, USA, in September-October 1978

  4. Radioactive Waste Facilities at the Australian Atomic Energy Commission Research Establishment; Installations pour le Traitement des Dechets Radioactifs au Centre de Recherche de la Commission Australienne a l'Energie Atomique; 0423 0421 0422 0414 ; Dispositivos para Evacuacion de Desechos Radiactivos en el Centro de Investigaciones de la Australian Atomic Energy Commission

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Berglin, C. L.W.; Keher, L. H.; Miles, G. L.; Wilson, A. R.W. [Australian Atomic Energy Commission Research Establishment, Lucas Heights, Sydney, NSW (Australia)

    1960-07-01

    ha efectuado en las aguas de la zona de las mareas. Se propone enterrar todos los desechos solidos de baja actividad, embalados cuando proceda, y se discuten la eleccion y la situacion de la zona de evacuacion. Se estudia un sistema para almacenar y evacuar desechos solidos de elevada actividad. Se propone la evaporacion y almacenaje de los desechos liquidos de media y baja actividad. Se dan detalles del capital y gastos de funcionamiento de la planta de tratamiento de efluentes y de otros sistemas de manipulacion de desechos. (author) [Russian] V nastojashhem dokumente daetsja opisanie ustanovok, kotorye prednaznachajutsja dlja sbora, obrabotki i udalenija radioaktivnyh othodov v Lukas Hajts v svjazi s predpolagaemym uvelicheniem ob{sup e}ma raboty. Zhidkie othody nizkoj aktivnosti deljatsja na sledujushhie tri vida: stochnye vody, promyshlennye othody iz sistemy ohlazhdenija reaktora, iz tehnicheskih masterskih i drugih otdelenij, v kotoryh otsutstvujut aktivnye veshhestva; jefljuenty iz laboratorij i drugih otdelenij, rabotajushhih s radioaktivnymi materialami. Zavod po obrabotke jefljuentov poslednego tipa glavnym obrazom sostoit iz bakov, v kotoryh proishodit smeshivanie, shhelochnyh bakov, gde osushhestvljaetsja dozirovka, bakov dlja otstoja i ochistki (v kotoryh primenjaetsja process kal'cij-zhelezo-fosfat) i otstojnikov. V dokumente obsuzhdajutsja issleduemye v nastojashhee vremja metody koncentracii otstoja i ego vtorichnoj obrabotki. Obsuzhdajutsja voprosy udalenija othodov i predpolagaemogo ih rastvorenija, poluchennogo na reke Voronora, a takzhe obsuzhdaetsja opyt po rastvoreniju othodov v drugih vodah, gde imejut znachenie priliv i otliv. Esli est' vozmozhnost', to predlagaetsja provodit' zahoronenie vseh othodov v tverdom sostojanii s nizkoj aktivnost'ju, i v dokumente obsuzhdajutsja voprosy vybora mesta takogo zahoronenija. Takzhe obsuzhdajutsja voprosy sozdanija sredstv dlja hranenija i udalenija vysokoaktivnyh othodov v tverdom sostojanii

  5. A modification of the method for determining current efficiency of aluminium electrolytic cells; Modification de la methode permettant de determiner le rendement des cuves dans la production d'aluminium par electrolyse; Izmenenie metoda opredeleniya ehffektivnosti toka v alyuminievykh ehlektroliticheskikh bakakh; Modificacion del metodo para determinar el rendimiento de las celdas utilizadas en la produccion de aluminio por electrolisis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pradzynski, A [Institute of Basic Technical Problems, Polish Academy of Sciences. Warsaw (Poland); Orman, Z [Institute of Nonferrous Metals, Gliwice (Poland)

    1962-01-15

    alyuminievykh pechakh, opisannyj vpervye REMPELEM i dr., byl usovershenstvovan BOZUKI i dr. pri pomoshchi ispol'zovaniya radioaktivnogo izotopa zolota Au{sup 198}. Pri provedenii upomyanutogo issledovaniya byli izgotovleny obraztsy splavov alyuminiya s zolotom Au{sup 198}, i proby ehtikh obraztsov s vysokoj udel'noj aktivnost'yu byli izmereny pri pomoshchi schetchika Gejgera-Myullera so svintsovym poglotitelem, vstavlennym mezhdu schetchikom i proboj. Udel'naya aktivnost' obraztsa splava byla izmerena posle razbavleniya ego opredelennym kolichestvom chistogo alyuminiya. Takim obrazom proby razbavlennogo splava i proby, vzyatye iz ehlektroliticheskogo baka, imeli udel'nuyu aktivnost' togo zhe poryadka velichiny i mogli izmeryat'sya bez vsyakogo poglotitelya. Dlya togo, chtoby oblegchit' primenenie ehtogo metoda na alyuminievom zavode i vo izbezhanie vsyakikh ogranichenij i opasnosti, svyazannykh s obrashcheniem s otkrytymi radioaktivnymi istochnikami vne osobykh laboratorij, prednaznachennykh dlya issledovaniya radioaktivnykh izotopov, byl ispol'zovan radioaktivatsionnyj analiz. K obraztsu splava, a takzhe i v nakhodyashchuyusya v ehlektroliticheskom bake plavil'nuyu vannu bylo dobavleno neaktivirovannoe zoloto. Kontsentratsiya zolota kak v obraztsakh splava, tak i v plavil'noj smesi byla zatem izmerena posle oblucheniya prob v yadernom reaktore. (author)

  6. Accumulation of a Hot Ion Plasma in PR-5; Accumulation d'un Plasma a Ions Chauds dans l'Installation PR-5; Nakoplenie plazmy s goryachimi ionami na ustanovke PR-5; Acumulacion de un Plasma con Iones Calientes en la Instalacion PR-5

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gott, Ju. V.; Ioffe, M. S.; Jushmanov, E. E. [Institut Atomnoj Ehnergii Im. I.V. Kurchatova, Moskva, SSSR (Russian Federation)

    1966-04-15

    holodnoj plazmy osushhestvljaetsja peremennym radial'nym jelektricheskim polem s chastotoj v diapazone 3 - 6 mgc. Uderzhanie plazmy registriruetsja po vremeni ee svobodnogo raspada tremja metodami: radiointerferometrom ({lambda} = 8 mm), po potoku bystryh atomov perezarjadki i po pogloshheniju puchka teplovyh atomov kalija. (author)

  7. Nuclear Materials Management in Relation to Safety and Criticality Control: A Study of Non-Inherently Safe Systems; La Gestion des Matieres Nucleaires dans ses Rapports avec la Securite et le Controle de la Criticite; Etude des Systemes a Securite Non Inherente; Obrashchenie s yadernymi materialami s uchetom bezopasnosti i kontrolya za kritichnost'yu. izuchenie sistem dopolnitel'noj avarijnoj zashchity; La Administracion de Materiales Nucleares y sus Relaciones con la Seguridad y el Control de la Criticidad; Estudio de los Sistemas de Seguridad No Inherente

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fruchard, Y. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Marcoule (France)

    1966-02-15

    fisionables. Por ultimo, conviene subrayar la importancia 'global' de las relaciones que existen entre la seguridad y la administracion de los materiales nucleares; en efecto, si esta administracion no constituye siempre la base del control 'primario' de la criticidad, sigue siendo indispensable a lo largo de todo un proceso, ya que la administracion de los materiales en una parte de la planta repercute en la seguridad de las partes vecinas, en particular de la destinada al tratamiento de los desechos. (author) [Russian] Proizvodstvo, ispol'zovanie i obrabotka nekotoryh deljashhihsja materialov predstavljajut bol'shuju opasnost', osobenno opasnost', svjazannuju s kritichnost'ju. Umenie inzhenera zakljuchaetsja v tom, chtoby izbezhat' jetu opasnost' s naimen'shej cenoj i ne meshaja slishkom rabote, svjazannoj s proizvodstvom ili pererabotkoj jadernyh materialov. Dlja ustranenija jetoj opasnosti sushhestvujut,na pervyj vzgljad, tri profilakticheskih metoda: ogranichenie koncentracii rastvorov, ogranichenie massy, tshhatel'nyj vybor geometrij. Tendencija sostoit v maksimal'nom ispol'zovanii tret'ego metoda, inache govorja, v rabote s sistemami dopolnitel'noj avarijnoj zashhity. Odnako na jadernyh ustanovkah imeetsja mnogo sistem dopolnitel'noj avarijnoj zashhity, i primenenie togo ili drugogo iz dvuh metodov stanovitsja neobhodimym. Jeti metody imejut otnoshenie k obrashheniju s jadernymi materialami. Na ustanovkah, gde rabotajut s nebol'shimi kolichestvami deljashhihsja materialov, zachastuju mozhno obespechit' jadernuju bezopasnost', dopuskaja dlja kazhdogo pomeshhenija takuju massu deljashhegosja materiala, kotoraja nizhe minimal'noj kriticheskoj massy. V otnoshenii bolee krupnyh ustanovok podobnyj kontrol', kotoryj polnost'ju osnovan na obrashhenii s materialami, stanovitsja nevozmozhnym. Izuchim, kak vygljadit svjaz' mezhdu obrashheniem i jadernoj bezopasnost'ju na zavode po obrabotke obluchennogo topliva vodnym metodom (toplivo na osnove prirodnogo urana). Takoj zavod

  8. Determination of Radiotracer Stability of Tritium-Labelled Compounds in Biological Studies; Determination de la Stabilite des Composes Trities Employes comme Indicateurs en Biologie; 041e 043f 0440 0435 0434 0414 043b ; Determinacion de la Estabilidad de los Compuestos Tritiados en los Estudios Biologicos Mediante Indicadores

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Okita, G. T.; Spratt, J. L. [Argonne Cancer Research Hospital and Department of Pharmacology, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL (United States)

    1962-02-15

    neobhodimost' proverki issledovateljami radioindikatornoj ustojchivosti (radiotracer stability) mechennyh tritiem soedinenij. Dazhe pri ochishhenii mechenyh soedinenij do postojannoj udel'noj aktivnosti ne iskljuchaetsja vozmozhnost' obmena vnutri biologicheskoj sistemy atomov tritija na vodorod. Pri uslovii predvaritel'noj tshhatel'noj radiohimicheskoj ochistki mechenogo materiala radioindikatornaja ustojchivost' mozhet byt' pokazana raznymi sposobami. V nastojashhem doklade opisyvajutsja tri raznyh metoda opredelenija radioindikatornoj ustojchivosti mechennyh tritiem soedinenij. Odin iz jetih metodov zakljuchaetsja v sopostavlenii biologicheskogo poluperioda zhizni mechennogo tritiem N{sup 3} soedinenija s poluperiodom zhizni analogichnogo soedi- nenija, mechennogo uglerodom S{sup 14}. Jetot metod osobenno udachno primenjaetsja v svjazi s gomogennymi veshhestvami, ispytyvajushhimi pri pogloshhenii ih zhivotnymi izo- topnoe razbavlenie. Ustojchivost' jekzogennyh soedinenij mozhet byt' pro- verena vtorym metodom. V takom sluchae neobhodimo lish' dokazat', chto pri povtornom izvlechenii iz biologicheskih obrazcov mechenogo materiala ne nabljudaetsja umen'shenija v nih udel'noj aktivnosti. Tretij metod, otnimajushhij men'she vremeni, chem pervyj, primenimyj kak k gomogennym, tak i k jekzogennym materialam, zakljuchaetsja v opredelenii izotopnogo sootnoshenija mezhdu N{sup 3} i S{sup 14} v smesi odnogo i togo zhe soedinenija, mechennogo oboimi jetimi izotopami. Sohranenie neizmennogo izotopnogo sootnoshenija do vvedenija dvazhdy mechennogo materala i posle povtornogo ego izvlechenija iz organov ili vydelenij dokazy- vaet radioindikatornuju ustojchivost'. Jetot metod osobenno podhodit dlja takogo sluchaja, kogda otdelenie malyh kolichestv materiala vyzyvaet neobhodimost' ispol'zovanija neradioaktivnogo nositelja. V kachestve primerov ispol'zovanija kazhdogo iz jetih treh metodov privodjatsja dannye po opredeleniju radio- indikatornoj ustojchivosti mechenyh holesteroda, morfija i

  9. Heating of a Dense Plasma in a Metallic Chamber; Chauffage d'un Plasma dense dans une Chambre Metallique; 041d 0410 0413 0420 0415 0412 041f 041b 041e 0422 041d 041e 0419 041f 041b 0410 0417 041c 042b 0412 041c 0415 0422 0410 041b 041b 0418 0427 0415 0421 041a 041e 0419 041a 0410 041c 0415 0420 0415 ; Calentamiento de un Plasma Denso en una Camara Metalica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shvets, O. M.; Tarasenko, V. F.; Ovchinnikov, S. S.; Tolok, V. T. [Fiziko-Tehnicheskij Institut AN USSR, Khar' kov, USSR (Ukraine)

    1966-04-15

    predstavljaet soboj mednuju vakuumnuju kameru, po osi kotoroj s oboih torcov vvedeny zapityvajushhie jelektrody s aljuminievymi nakonechnikami. Jelektrody cherez razdelitel'nyj kondensator podsoedineny k vysokochastotnomu generatoru. Kamera pomeshhena vnutr' solenoida, sozdajushhego magnitnoe pole. Naprjazhennost' magnitnogo polja mozhno plavno regulirovat' v predelah 0 - 2500 je. Konfiguracija polja vybiralas' v sootvetstvii s uslovijami neobhodimymi dlja generirovanija i pogloshhenija ionnyh ciklotronnyh voln (oblast' magnitnogo berega raspolozhena v centre solenoida). V kachestve rabochego gaza ispol'zovalsja vodorod, ego davlenie ustanavlivalos' stacionarnym rezhimom raboty natekatelja v diapazone 10{sup -4} -10{sup -2} tor. Dlja sozdanija otorvannoj ot stenok kamery plazmy ispol'zuetsja vysokochastotnyj razrjad, kotoryj vsledstvie detektirujushhih svojstv plazmy sozdaet postojannuju raznost' potencialov mezhdu jelektrodami i kameroj. Jeto privodit k pojavleniju mezhdu jelektrodami oscillirujushhih po silovym linijam magnitnogo polja jelektronov, vyzyvajushhih vysokuju stepen' ionizacii gaza v mezhdujelektrodnom prostranstve. Na osi vakuumnoj kamery obrazuetsja sterzhen' plotnoj plazmy, diametr kotorogo opredeljaetsja diametrom jelektrodov. V rabote issledovan spektral'nyj sostav izluchenija razrjada, proizvedena ocenka plotnosti plazmy po shtarkovskomu ushireniju kontura linii N{sub {beta}}; po otnosheniju intensivnostej singletnoj i tripletnoj linij gelija opredelena temperatura jelektronov plazmy. Byli proizvedeny izmerenija potokov bystryh nejtral'nyh atomov, obrazujushhihsja v processe perezarjadki ionov vodoroda na nejtral'nom gaze i s pomoshh'ju special'nyh zondov izmereny poperechnye jEhnergii ionov v zavisimosti ot naprjazhennosti magnitnogo polja i drugih parametrov. (author)

  10. Transmutation doping and recoil effects in semiconductors exposed to thermal neutrons; Transmutations provoquees et effets de recul dans les semi-conducteurs exposes aux neutrons thermiques; Prisadka i sdacha v rezul'tate prevrashcheniya poluprovodnikov pod dejstviem teplovykh nejtronov; Impurificacion por transmutacion y efectos de retroceso en los semiconductores expuestos a neutrones termicos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Crawford, Jr, J H; Cleland, J W [Solid State Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

    1962-01-15

    ({sup 71}Ga); una correcta eleccion de la exposicion permite por tanto disminuir la concentracion de electrones en el germanio de tipo n hasta valores muy bajos, o transformar el germanio de tipo n en germanio de tipo p. Afortunadamente, el periodo de semidesintegracion del nuclido que da origen al {sup 71}Ga es largo; ello permite observar en detalle el curso de la ''valoracion radiactiva'' por medicion del coeficiente de Hall y de la comductividad. Los experimentos demuestran tambien que los defectos que producen en la red cristalina los retrocesos de nucleos causados por la emision gamma consecutiva a la captura neutronica eliminan aproximadamente un electron por cada neutron capturado. El recocido a unos 450 Degree-Sign C hace que los atomos desplazados vuelvan a los sitios que les corresponden en la red cristalina. Tambien se han observado efectos del retroceso en el silicio; cada captura da lugar a la eliminacion de, aproximadamente, dos portadores de carga. Los autores analizaran las deducciones a que llevan estos resultados y los obtenidos con el germanio, basandose en los espectros de rayos gamma de captura. En el caso del antimoniuro de indio, los rayos gamma de captura emitidos por el {sup 115}In no bastan para desplazar un numero grande de nucleos, de modo que el efecto principal es la formacion de {sup 116}Sn, que es un donor cuando sustituye a un atomo de indio en una red cristalina de este elemento. La impurificacion por transmutacion nuclear ofrece una posibilidad de estudiar numerosos semiconductores compuestos en los que resulta dificil introducir impurezas por procomientos quimicos. (author) [Russian] Byli provedeny podrobnye issledovaniya vozdejstviya teplovykh nejtronov na germanij. Iz pyati izotopov tri izotopa prevrashchayutsya v khimicheskie primesi, vykhod kotorykh, v chisle atomov na 100 zakhvatov nejtronov, i ikh periody poluraspada predstavlyayutsya v sleduyushchem vide: Ga{sup 71} - 30,4, 11,4 dnya; As{sup 75} - 9,8, 82 min; Se{sup 77} - 1

  11. Solubility of metallic mercury in organic solvents; Solubilite du mercure metallique dans les solvants organiques; Rastvorimost' metallicheskoj rtuti v organicheskikh rastvoritelyakh; Solubilidad del mercurio metalico en solventes organicos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Klehr, E H; Voigt, A F [Institute for Atomic Research and Department of Chemistry, Iowa State University, Ames, IA (United States)

    1962-03-15

    -Myullera ili zhidkikh rassloenij stsintillyatsionnym schetchikom tipa kolodtsa. Vse rastvorimosti byli poryadka (4,6 do 16) x 10{sup -6} gramm-atomov/l. Temperaturnaya zavisimost' rastvorimosti dlya n-dekana, toluola i khlorbenzola opredelyalas' poryadkom ot 0 do 45{sup o}C. Dlya sravneniya k ehtim sistemam primenyalas' teoriya rastvorimosti KHil'debranda-Skotta. Dlya uglevodorodov alifaticheskogo ryada predskazannye teoriej rastvorimosti sostavlyayut 35% tekh, kotorye udalos' nablyudat', no dlya drugikh rastvoritelej predskazannye velichiny yavlyayutsya v 4 - 18 raz bol'she tekh, kotorye prishlos' nablyudat'. Izmenenie teorii daet luchshee soglasovanie dlya odnikh rastvoritelej i khudshee dlya drugikh. Krivye log C (rastvorimost') protiv 1/T byli pryamymi liniyami s naklonami, kotorye skhodny s naklonami teorii KHil'debranda-Skotta, no so smeshcheniem ot ehtikh krivykh. Naklony krivykh ispol'zovalis' dlya vychisleniya tepla i ehntropii rastvora, a ehntropii takzhe vychislyalis' iz krivykh log C protiv log T. Dve serii znachenij ehntropii soglasovyvalis' drug s drugom, a takzhe nakhodilis' v predelakh ot odnogo do chetyrekh edinits ehntropii nailuchshego smesheniya ehntropii. (author)

  12. Some solvent extraction studies of trivalent metal halides; Quelques etudes sur l'extraction par solvant d'halogenures de metaux trivalents; Izuchenie ehkstraktsii nekotorykh rastvoritelej iz trekhvalentnykh metallicheskikh galoidov; Algunos estudios de la extraccion mediante disolventes de haluros de metales trivalentes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dietz, Jr, R J; Mendez, J; Irvine, Jr, J W [Department of Chemistry and Laboratory for Nuclear Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA (United States)

    1962-03-15

    el orden de magnitud del coeficiente varia en un intervalo de 10{sup 5}. Los autores explican los datos obtenidos sobre la base de la ionizacion del acido complejo HMX{sub 4} en estos disolventes, cuyas constantes dielectricas son relativamente elevadas. Empleando un metodo ideado por Poskanzer, han calculado la constante de ionizacion del electrolito soporte, HCl o HBr, en la fase no acuosa a partir de las variaciones que el coeficiente de extraccion experimenta en funcion de las concentraciones del metal. Las variaciones del coeficiente de extraccion con la concentracion de HX han servido para calcular las constantes de estabilidad de las especies complejas MX{sub 3} y MX{sub 4}{sup -}. Como se trata de reacciones en fase acuosa, las constantes son independientes del disolvente organico que se emplee. Para el sistema In (III)-HCl los autores obtuvieron resultados perfectamente concordantes tanto al emplear eter bis (2-cloroetilico) como nitrobenceno. Los autores no consiguieron evaluar las constantes de los complejos de cloruro y bromuro de galio porque dichos compuestos solo se forman en un intervalo de concentraciones de acido muy estrecho. Los valores del cociente (GaCl{sub 4}{sup -})/{Sigma} Ga (III) en funcion de la concentracion de HCl, calculados a partir de los datos de extraccion, concuerdan con los datos que Kraus y Nelson obtuvieron por mediciones del intercambio ionico. (author) [Russian] Metod mechenykh atomov pozvolil provesti izuchenie fiziko-khimicheskogo raspredeleniya Ga (III) i In (III) mezhdu vodnymi rastvorami HCl i HBr i organicheskimi rastvoritelyami, dvojnym ehfirom (2-khloroehtil) i nitrobenzolom. Na osnove izmerenij koehffitsientov ehkstraktsii pri kontsentratsii metalla vyshe 10{sup 10} i pri kolebanii dannogo koehffitsienta v predelakh 10{sup 5} tshchatel'no bylo razrabotano ehmpiricheskoe povedenie dannykh sistem. Rezul'taty vyrazhalis' v stepeni ionizatsii slozhnoj kisloty, HMX{sub 4}, izvestnoj v kachestve rastvoritelya s otnositel

  13. Treatment, Processing and Future Disposal of Radioactive Wastes at the Idaho Chemical Processing Plant; Traitement et Elimination Future des Dechets Radioactifs a l'Usine de Traitement Chimique de L'Idaho; 0410 041d 0414 ; Tratamiento y Evacuacion de Desechos Radiactivos en la Planta de Tratamiento Quimico de Idaho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stevens, James I. [Phillips Petroleum Company, Atomic Energy Division, Idaho Falls (United States)

    1960-07-01

    tratamiento supone pueden a veces quedar compensados por la reduccion de los gastos por concepto de almacenamiento. La baja conductividad termica de los solidos obliga a conceder mayor importancia a la temperatura de almacenamiento que en el caso de los liquidos. Los desechos acidos de nitrato aluminico que se forman al tratar los combustibles del tipo utilizado en los reactores de ensayo de materiales (MTR), pueden transformarse en alumina granular por calcinacion en un lecho fluidificado, a una temperatura comprendida entre 350 Degree-Sign y 550 Degree-Sign C. Los principales componentes de tal instalacion son: el calcinador alentado por una aleacion de NaK, un sistema.de depuracion de los gases desprendidos y los tanques para el almacenamiento de solidos. El autor describe el diseno de la instalacion, asi como el programa de investigaciones y desarrollo. Basandose en los resultados favorables obtenidos con este sistema de calcinacion en lecho fluidificado y almacenamiento de solidos a elevada temperatura, y en otras consideraciones, el autor examina diversos sistemas de almacenamiento y sus relaciones con el medio ambiente. (author) [Russian] Kislotnye othody, poluchajushhiesja ot rekuperacii obogashhennogo urana iz toplivnyh jelementov s aljuminiem, cirkoniem i nerzhavejushhej stal'ju na Zavode po himicheskoj pererabotke v Ajdaho, hranjatsja v podzemnyh bakah dvuh razlichnyh geometricheskih form s nominal'noj emkost'ju v 30,000 i 300,000 gallonov. V dokumente opisyvajutsja konstrukcii i rabo ta ustanovki dlja hranenija othodov v bakah, a takzhe metody udalenija v okruzhajushhuju sredu othodov s nizkim urovnem aktivnosti. Princip ''koncentracii i uderzhanija'' pri udalenii othodov vylilsja v konechnuju formu proizvodstva tverdoj massy, soderzhashhej produkty delenija. Nevygoda ot uvelichenija stoimosti obrabotki mozhet byt' pokryta sokrashheniem stoimosti hranenija, no ne vo vseh sluchajah. Vvidu nizkoj teploprovodnosti tverdyh tel soobrazhenija o temperature hranenija

  14. The Miksova water power station

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2005-01-01

    This leaflet describes the Miksova water power station. The Miksova water power station is part of the second derived cascade of hydro power stations on the river Vah. It was built at the end of a huge development in Slovak hydro-energy in the late 1950's and the beginning of the 1960's. It is the second water power station on this derived cascade, which is situated downstream the Hricov reservoir and water power station. At the power station, three turbine sets with vertical Kaplan turbines are installed with a total power output of 3 x 31.2 = 93.6 MW. With this power output the Miksova water power station (Miksova I) was the biggest water power station in the Slovak Republic until the construction of Pumping water power station Liptovska Mara. And it is still the biggest channel water power station on the Vah so far. It was put into operation during the period 1963 to 1965. There are three turbine sets with Kaplan turbines from CKD Blansko, with a synchronous hydro-alternator installed in the power station. Their installed capacity is 93.6 MW in total and the projected annual production of electrical energy is 207 GWh. The turbines are fi ve-bladed (on the Hricov and Povazska Bystrica water power stations they are four-bladed) and the impeller wheel has a diameter of 4800 mm. They are designed for extension of the head from 24.1 to 22.21 m and each of them has an absorption capacity of 134 m 3 .s -1 nd a nominal operating speed of 2.08 m 3 .s -1 , runaway speed 4.9 m 3 .s -1 . Each synchronous hydro-alternator has a maximum power output of 31.2 MW, a nominal voltage of 10.5 kV and power factor cos φ of 0.8. Power from the power station is led out through 110 kV switchgear. The water power station operates under automatic turbine mode of operation with remote indication and control from the Dispatch Centre at Vodne elektrarne, in Trencin. From start of operation until the end of 2003 all three turbine sets operated for a total of 450,500 running hours and the

  15. Electricity producer SE decided to solve crisis through offensive

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Janoska, J.

    2003-01-01

    Instalment payments in this and the coming two years amount to 32 billion Sk (762.8 mn Euro) - that is about 60 percent of the overall credit burden of the electricity producer Slovenske elektrarne (SE). And so the situation from three years ago is repeating itself - a new financial department of the company is expected to lead the company out of the substantial cash-flow crisis caused by credit burden. This difficulties have been caused by decisions taken by state like building of power plant in Mochovce. Minister Nemcsics will not be in the position to complete his ambition to direct the activities of SE, his successor will need time to find his way and so the solution stays in hands of the company management. Where will they look for the necessary recourses? The operation generates virtually no cash-flow increase - reminds General Manager for Economy and Finances, Milos Sujansky. What the manager considers a possible solution is loan restructuring. 'We have to review the whole loan portfolio in order to eliminate the pressure caused by the necessity to repay the debts in 2004 and the beginning of 2005 and that would allow as to survive in a relatively normal state,' unveils the company plans M. Sujansky. That would mean postponing the instalment payments until 2007. Before this strategy was prepared the existing debts had to be analysed. The results of this analysis showed 'an inconsistent debt portfolio with many non-standard elements anchored in relevant contracts'. In the opinion of Director for External Financing this fact makes the loan management and decision making in regards to assets/liabilities structure difficult. 'When you have 35 different loans and every contract is different - communication and monitoring costs much effort,' he adds. According to an Auditors Report for 2002 prepared according to ISA standards even the share of third-party capital is high and inhomogeneous. The previous financial management managed to minimize the deficit. The fact

  16. Pumped storage hydroelectric power plant Cierny Vah

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2006-01-01

    This leaflet describes the Enterprise Cierny Vah Pumped storage hydropower plants of the joint stock company Slovenske elektrarne, a.s. (Cierny Vah PSHP). Cierny Vah PSHP has been designed and built for providing the reliable and quality electric energy supply and for covering load changes of an electrification system (ES). It is mainly the pumped storage hydro power plants which in our conditions are the sources operatively covering the sudden changes of the ES load from the ecological, economic but mainly from the operational point of view. The electric energy generation volume is not the primary standpoint but especially their control functions in the ES. During the building of the Cierny Vah PSP the peak operation with the daily accumulation, participation in frequency control and output in ES and the compensation function in ES were to be its main tasks. After putting it into operation but especially after its becoming independent of the Slovak ES in 1994 the static functions (energy generation from pumping, balance output reserves, daily control,...) gave way to dynamic functions which gained greater importance (sudden load changes control of ES, immediate meeting of the daily load diagram, frequency control and outputs given in ES, etc.) After interconnection of our ES with the UCPTE West European association in which there are besides other things, the strict criteria for observing balance of outputs, the main functions of PSPs are as follows: 1. Dynamic services for ES 2. Dispatching reserve for the fall out of the greatest ES block 3. Observing the foreign cooperation balance agreed 4. Compensation of peaks and also of sudden daily load diagram reductions. All the work is divided into four parts from the building point of view: The upper reservoir is an artificial one without the natural water inflow, built by excavation and slope on an Unknown elevation more than 1.150 m above sea level. A leading slope with a gradient 1:2 and a bottom of the reservoir

  17. Chemical Behaviour of C{sup 11} in Liquid Hydrocarbons; Comportement Chimique de {sup 11}C dans les Hydrocarbures Liquides; Khimicheskaya kharakteristika ugleroda-11 v zhidkikh uglevodorodakh; Comportamiento Quimico del {sup 11}C en Hidrocarburos Liquidos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Voigt, A. F.; Clark, D. E.; Mesich, F. G. [Institute of Atomic Research and Department of Chemistry, Iowa State University, Ames, IA (United States)

    1965-04-15

    obshhim kolichestvom obrazovavshegosja C{sub 11}, izmerennym vo vsem obrazce pered razdeleniem. Protochnye schetchiki kalibrovalis' pri uslovii obrazovanija vsego Si v hode jeksperimentov, v processe kotoryh ves' obrazec szhigalsja, prevrashhajas' v CO{sub 2}, i prohodil cherez protochnyj schetchik. Nashi bolee rannie jeksperimenty byli svjazany tol'ko s ispol'zovaniem gazoobraznyh produktov, kotorye v nastojashhee vremja horosho zarekomendovali sebja v otnoshenii molekul razlichnyh veshhestv misheni pri raznyh znachenijah dozy. Tekushhie jeksperimenty s proizvodnymi molekulami, podobnymi po razmeru molekulam materiala misheni, okazalis' ochen' poleznymi pri izuchenii voprosa o mehanizmah rekombinacii atomov otdachi. Osobyj interes predstavljaet vyhod produkta s odnim atomom ugleroda bol'she po sravneniju s mishen'ju, chto javljaetsja rezul'tatom novoj reakcii. Raspolozhenie dopolnitel'nogo atoma v molekule veshhestva misheni, kotoroe harakterizuetsja nalichiem neskol'kih dopolnitel'nyh tochek, daet informaciju otnositel'no samogo processa. Pri zamedlenii atoma otdachi do velichiny jenergii, pri kotoroj vozmozhno ustanovlenie svjazi, po krajnej mere vremenno, izlishnjaja jenergija, kotoruju prinosit v sistemu atom C{sub 11}, mozhet privesti k razryvu svjazi gde-libo v drugom meste v predelah aktiviruemogo kompleksa, chto obychno privodit k obrazovaniju dvuhuglerodnogo produkta. Esli kompleks mozhet byt' sohranen bez razryva, to obrazuetsja dopolnitel'nyj produkt. Takim obrazom, sravnenie vyhodov dvuhuglerodnyh soedinenij, acetilena, jetilena i jetana i dopolnitel'nyh produktov predostavljaet cennuju informaciju otnositel'no jenergii, pri kotoroj vozmozhno obrazovanie ustojchivoj svjazi, i haraktera soderzhashhej C{sub 11} gruppy, vstupajushhej v reakciju. (author)

  18. Application of radioisotopes to the investigation of the kinetics and mechanism of reactions of some inorganic complex compounds; Application des radioisotopes a l'etude de la cinetique et du mecanisme des reactions de certains complexes inorganiques; Primenenie radioizotopov k issledovaniyam kinetiki i mekhanizma reaktsij nekotorykh neorganicheskikh slozhnykh soedinenij; Aplicacion de los radioisotopos al estudio de la cinetica y del mecanismo de las reacciones de algunos complejos inorganicos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Harris, Gordon M [Department of Chemistry, University of Buffalo, Buffalo 14, NY (United States)

    1962-03-15

    atomnym vesom, kak naprimer ugleroda-14, mozhet sluzhit' izuchenie v sootvetstvuyushchikh reaktsiyakh ravnovesiya ili kineticheskogo izotopnogo vozdejstviya. Tak, naprimer, na osnovanii izmereniya ravnovesiya vozdejstviya izotopov v reaktsiyakh obmena karbonatov predstavilos' vozmozhnym istolkovat' razlichie v mekhanizme obmena svyazyvayushchikh karbonatov Coen{sub 2}CO{sub 3}{sup +} i Cotn{sub 2}CO{sub 3}{sup +}. Podobnym zhe obrazom dannye o kineticheskom vozdejstvii izotopov pri kislotno-katalizirovannoj gidratatsii ionov Co (NH{sub 3}){sub 4}CO{sub 3}{sup +} podtverdili vyvody otnositel'no kharaktera ehtikh reaktsij v stadii razryva svyazi, opredelyayushchej skorost' reaktsij. Nakonets, opyty s primeneniem radioaktivnykh indikatorov chasto oblegchayut izuchenie traektorii nekotorykh atomov ili radikalov v neorganicheskikh reaktsiyakh, pri kotorykh prikhoditsya delat' vybor mezhdu dvumya vozmozhnymi ob{sup y}asneniyami. Primerom ehtogo mozhet sluzhit' dokazatel'stvo togo, chto, po-vidimomu, pri okislenii tiotsionatovykh ionov perekis'yu vodoroda tsianidy ne yavlyayutsya sredoj bystrogo obmena, khotya oni i yavlyayutsya vazhnym konechnym produktom. (author)

  19. Chemical State of Radiobromine Formed by the Rb{sup 85}(n, {alpha}) Br{sup 82} Reaction; Etat Chimique Du Ra Diobrome Forme Par La Reaction {sup 85}Rb (n, {alpha}) {sup 82}Br; 0425 0418 041c 0418 0427 0415 0421 041a 041e 0415 0421 041e 0421 0422 041e 042f 041d 0418 0415 0420 0410 0414 0418 041e 0410 041a 0422 0418 0412 041d 041e 0413 041e 0411 0420 041e 041c 0410 , 041e 0411 0420 0410 0417 041e 0412 0410 041d 041d 041e 0413 041e 041f 0420 0418 0420 0415 0410 041a 0426 0418 0418 Rb{sup 85}(n, {alpha}) Br{sup 82}; Estado Quimico Del Radiobromo Formado Por La Reaccion {sup 85}Rb (n, {alpha}) {sup 82}Br

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vlatkovic, M.; Kauiic, S. [' ' Ruder Boskovic' ' Institute, Zagreb, Yugoslavia (Croatia)

    1965-04-15

    avtory podcherkivajut znachenie himicheskogo sostava veshhestva misheni i neijeotopnosti sredy, skazyvajushheesja na raspredelenii vysokojenergeticheskih atomov broma-82 i ih nesposobnosti otzhigat'sja v issleduemyh soedinenijah rubidija. (author)

  20. Recent Developments in the Chemical Thermodynamics of the Uranium Chalcogenides; Progres Accomplis Recemment dans la Thermodynamique Chimique des Chalcogenures d'Uranium; Poslednie dostizheniya v khimicheskoj termodinamike khal'kogenidov Urana; Recientes Progresos en la Termodinamica Quimica de los Calcogenidos de Uranio

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Westrum, Jr., E. F. [University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)

    1966-02-15

    estado ferromagnetico y contrastan con la anomalia antiferro- magnetica hallada en el mononitruro isoestructural a 52 Degree-Sign K. Los nuevos datos termodinamicos concuerdan satisfactoriamente con los obtenidos mediante el procedimiento de evaluacion de entropia de Gronvold y Westrum. (author) [Russian] Rasprostranenie kriotermicheskih dannyh no U{sub 4}O{sub 9} na bolee vysokie temperatury pokazalo termofizicheskie aspekty (predpolagaemogo) postepennogo strukturnogo prevrashhenija tipa-A. pri temperature 348 Degree-Sign K s sootvetstvujushhim prirashheniem jentropii v razmere 1,84 kalorij/gramm-mol' OK, svjazannogo so smeshheniem vnedrennyh atomov kisloroda. Izmerenija kak teploemkosti, tak i magnitnoj vospriimchivosti na spechennoj dvuokisi urana Mol- linkrodta podtverdili, chto antiferromagnitnyj-paramagnitnyj perehod proishodit pri 30,4 Degree-Sign K so skachkom teploemkosti v 400 kalorij/gramm-mol' Degree-Sign K, a ne pri 28,7 Degree-Sign K s povysheniem teploemkosti na devjat' kalorij/gramm-mol' Degree-Sign K, kak soobshhalos' v literature. Jeto pozvoljaet teper' ob{sup j}asnit' termicheskuju anomaliju, obnaruzhennuju v {beta} -U{sub 3}O{sub 7}. Kriogennye teploemkosti, poluchennye na harakternyh obrazcah {alpha}-, {beta}-, i {gamma} utriokisi urana, podgotovlennyh doktorom E.G.P.Kordfunke iz Niderlandskogo reaktornogo centra, kombinirujutsja s teploemkostjami pri bolee vysokoj temperature, jental'pijami obrazovanija i drugimi termodinamicheskimi dannymi dlja poluchenija dannyh ob otnositel'noj stabil'nosti jetih vazhnyh jadernyh materialov. Obnaruzheno, chto kak monoselenid urana, tak i diselenid urana imejut anomalii tipa ljambda, svjazannye s magnitnym razuporjadocheniem. V diselenide urana jeto proishodit pri 13,1 Degree-Sign K s prirashheniem jentropii v 0,16 kalorij/gramm-mol' Degree-Sign K. Prirashhenie jentropii v monoselenide pri anomalii pri 160 Degree-Sign K sostavljaet velichinu 1,0 kalorij/gramm- mol' Degree-Sign K, chto mozhno sravnit' s velichinoj

  1. Low-Level {beta} and {gamma} Counting in the Region 0-10 Disintegrations Per Minute; Comptage {beta} et {gamma} d'echantillons de faible activite (0 a 10 desintegrations par minute); Izmerenie {beta}- i {gamma}-izlucheniya maloj moshchnosti (0-10 raspadov v minutu); Recuento {beta} y {gamma} de muestras de baja actividad (0 a 10 desintegraciones por minuto)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Manov, George G [Tracerlab Inc. (United States)

    1960-06-15

    materiales, preferentemente de origen anterior a la segunda guerra mundial. Para el recuento de las radiaciones procedentes de muestras de baja actividad es condicion primordial la estabilidad del sistema electronico utilizado, especialmente a fin de evitar el recuento de impulsos parasitos. Se describe un procedimiento que consiste en alimentar el sistema electronico con impulsos generados a un ritmo determinado, que pasan por el amplificador y se des- cuentan del numero bruto de impulsos registrado. En general, los circuitos equipados con transistores, inclusive en los preamplificadore s y en las fuentes de tension, son mas satisfactorios que los dispositivos clasicos basados en el empleo de valvulas electronicas. (author) [Russian] Izmerenie radioaktivnost i na urovne v oblasti, soderzhashchej ot 0-10 raspadov v minutu, stanovitsya vse bolee poleznym pri standartizatsii radioaktivnykh izotopov, a takzhe v takikh drugikh otraslyakh nauki, kak geologiya i meditsina naprimer. CHasto poyavlyaetsya neobkhodimost' v podschete izluchenij maloj moshchnosti v oblasti biologii i pri issledovanii metodom mechenykh atomov, v chastnosti, v tekh sluchayakh, kogda ispol'zovanie radiatsii bol'shoj moshchnosti mozhet izmenyat' khod raboty apparata ili okazyvat' vliyanie na izuchaemyj protsess. CHasto takogo roda izmereniya dolzhny provodit'sya v usloviyakh, kogda obraztsy obladayut aktivnost'yu, prevyshayushchej obychnyj neehkranirovanny j fon radiatsii lish' na 1%. V drugikh sluchayakh poyavlyayutsya dopolnitel'ny e trebovaniya vsledstvie togo, chto radioaktivnye izotopy mogut imet' ochen' korotkij period poluraspada. Imeyutsya tri osnovnykh puti uvelicheniya nadezhnosti izmerenij radiatsii maloj moshchnosti: bolee sovershennye schetchiki, men'shie popravki na fon i bolee nadezhnye svobodnye ot pomekh ehlektronnye sistemy. V dannom dokumente opisyvayutsya sravnitel'ny e ehksperimenty svyazannye s izucheniem otnositel'ny kh kachestv trekh razlichnykh tipov zashchishchennykh schetchikov

  2. Moderation of Neutrons Emitted by a Pulsed Source and Neutron Spectrometry Based on Slowing-Down Time; Ralentissement des Neutrons Emis par une Source Pulsee et Leur Spectrometrie en Fonction du Temps de Ralentissement; Zamedlenie nejtronov, ispuskaemykh impul'snym istochnikom, i spektrometriya nejtronov po vremeni zamedleniya; Moderacion de Neutrones Emitidos por una Pitente Pulsada y Espectrometria Neutronica Basada en el Tiempo de Frenado

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bergman, A. A.; Isakov, A. I.; Kazarnovskij, M. V.; Popov, Ju. P.; Shapiro, F. L. [Fizicheskij Institut Im. P.N. Lebedeva AN SSSR, Moskva, SSSR (Russian Federation)

    1965-08-15

    orbital 1 = 1. (author) [Russian] V Fizicheskom institute im. P.N.Lebedeva AN SSSR na protjazhenii poslednih 10 let byl vypolnen rjad rabot po issledovaniju nestacionarnogo zamedlenija nejtronov v tjazhelyh sredah, razvitiju metoda spektrometrii nejtronov po vremeni zamedlenija i primeneniju jetogo metoda dlja izuchenija jenergeticheskoj zavisimosti sechenij jadernyh reakcij, vyzyvaemyh nejtronami s jenergiej do 30 kjev. V nastojashhem doklade daetsja obzor jetih issledovanij i obsuzhdajutsja ih itogi. V doklade posle kratkogo rassmotrenija teorii nestacionarnogo zamedlenija i termalizacii nejtronov izlagajutsja rezul'taty jeksperimental'nogo izuchenija zamedlenija nejtronov v grafite, zheleze i svince i izuchenija termalizacii nejtronov v svince. Pri pomoshhi impul'snogo istochnika nejtronov i rezonansnyh detektorov bylo izmereno raspredelenie vremen zamedlenija do rjada fiksirovannyh znachenij konechnoj jenergii nejtrona. Provedeno sravnenie poluchennyh rezul'tatov s teoriej, uchityvajushhej teplovoe dvizhenie atomov zamedlitelja, kotoroe v sluchae svinca privodit k izmerimomu razbrosu vremen zamedlenija pri jenergijah nizhe 10 jev. Dlja podkadmievoj oblasti jenergij izmerena zavisimost' srednej skorosti nejtronov v svince ot vremeni zamedlenija i provedeno sravnenie s mnogogruppovoj teoriej. Opisana primenjavshajasja metodika opredelenija jenergeticheskoj zavisimosti sechenij nejtronnyh reakcij po vremeni zamedlenija i obsuzhdajutsja vozmozhnosti i perspektivy jetogo metoda spektrometrii. Kratko obsuzhdajutsja rezul'taty spektrometricheskih izmerenij, kotorye velis' v dvuh napravlenijah. Pervoe napravlenie -precizionnye izmerenija jenergeticheskoj zavisimosti jenergeticheskogo hoda otnoshenij sechenij reakcij He{sup 3}(n, p), Li{sup 6}(n, {alpha}), B{sup 10}(n, {alpha}) i N{sup 14}(n, p). Naibolee interesnyj rezul'tat jetih opytov -obnaruzhenie postojannoj otricatel'noj slagajushhej sechenija reakcij i ukazanija na sushhestvovanie vozbuzhdennogo urovnja Ne{sup 4

  3. Present and Future Programmes in the Treatment and Ultimate Disposal of High-Level Radioactive Wastes in the United States of America; Programmes Actuels et Futurs de Traitement et d'Elimination Definitive des Dechets Radioactifs de Haute Activite aux Etats-Unis; 0422 0415 041a 0423 0429 0410 042f 0418 0411 0423 0414 ; Programas Estadounidenses Actuales y Futuros para el Tratamiento y Evacuacion Definitiva de Desechos de Elevada Radiactividad

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Belter, W. G. [United States Atomic Energy Commission, Washington, DC (United States)

    1963-02-15

    sostojanie'', v tom chisle ispol'zovanie metoda dvizhushhegosja sloja, podogrevaemyh tigelej, forsunochnyh kolonn s teploizlucheniem, vrashhajushhihsja pechej i gubchatoj keramiki. Issleduetsja takzhe vozmozhnost' dobavlenija k othodam, stekloobra- zuzhhcih materialov dlja poluchenija bolee ustojchivogo konechnogo produkta. Otmechajutsja nekotorye preimushhestva i nedostatki kazhdogo iz jetih processov. Rezjumiruetsja sostojanie razrabotka jetih processov v nastojashhee vremja i privodjatsja nkmetki budushhej programmy. Privodjatsja rezul'taty obsledovanija specifichnyh geologicheskih obrazovanij, kak, naprimer, soljanyh zalezhej, glubokih vodoemov i vodonepronicaemyh kristallicheskih porod na predmet ispol'zovanija ih dlja okonchatel'nogo hranenija ili udalenija kal'cinirovannyh tverdyh veshhestv ili nekotoryh vidov zhidkih othodov. Obsuzhdajutsja plany predpolagaemyh polevyh jeksperimentov s real'noj aktivnost'ju v solenyh zalezhah. Kratko opisyvaetsja programma razvedochnogo burenija na zavode Savanna River dlja opredelenija vozmozhnostej hranenija staryh othodov pervogo cikla v korennyh porodah, zalegajushhih neposredstvenno v rajone zavoda. Soobshhajutsja predvaritel'nye rezul'taty. Dajutsja kratkie ukazanija otnositel'no dolgosrochnyh tehnologicheskih issledovanij, provodimyh v nastojashhee vremja v Okridzhe, dlja ocenki stepeni bezopasnosti i jekonomichnosti razlichnyh metodov obrabotki, hranenija i okonchatel'nogo udalenija zhidkih i tverdyh vysokoaktivnyh othodov. Obsuzhdaetsja rol' jetoj programmy tehnicheskoj ocenki v svjazi s dal'nejshim planirovaniem programmy obrabotki radioaktivnyh othodov. (author)

  4. Movement of Radioactive Effluents in Natural Waters at Hanford; Le Mouvement des Effluents Radioactifs dans les Eaux Naturelles a Hanford; 0414 0412 0418 0416 0414 ; Movimiento de los Efluentes Radiactivos en Aguas Naturales en Hanford

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Honstead, J. F.; Foster, R. F.; Bierschenk, W. H. [Hanford Laboratories Operation, Hanford Atomic Products Operation, General Electric Company, Richland, WA (United States)

    1960-07-01

    . La velocidad y direccion de desplazamiento dependen de la forma de la superficie del manto y de las caracteristicas hidraulicas de las capas acuiferas portadoras. La forma del manto freatico ha sufrido una profunda modificacion debido a la evacuacion de grandes cantidades de agua. Basandose en la pendiente de las capas acuiferas y en las mediciones de su permeabilidad, se ha calculado que el desplazamiento dura por termino medio 180 anos. Se admite que la velocidad maxima puede ser varias veces superior a la media senalada. Sin embargo, el efecto de la adsorcion o de otras reacciones es disminuir considerablemente la velocidad de desplazamiento de las sustancias radiactivas, en relacion con la velocidad de las aguas. No hay indicios de que los productos de fision se esten desplazando desde los lugares de evacuacion hacia el rio. (author) [Russian] Hjenfordskij zavod raspolozhen v poluzasushlivom rajone na ochen' tolstom sloe netverdyh, soderzhashhih vodu otlozhenij, na korennoj bazal'tovoj porode. Takim obrazom mozhno rassmatrivat' dve geologicheskih porody, iz kotoryh nizhnjaja znachitel'no menee pronicaema. Reka Kolumbija protekaet cherez territoriju zavoda, i ee voda ispol'zuetsja dlja potreblenija tol'ko v 55 km vniz po techeniju ot poslednej ustanovki. Nizkoaktivnye zhidkie othody iz reaktorov slivajutsja v reku Kolumbiju posle 1-3 chasov vyderzhki v special'nyh bassejnah-otstojnikah. V takih othodah obnaruzheno bolee 60 radioizotopov, prichem pochti vse iz nih imejut ochen' korotkij period poluraspada. Rassmatrivajutsja voprosy obednenija, ne vkljuchaja obychnyj raspad, razlichnyh radioizotopov v rechnoj vode pomimo obychnogo raspada. Na rasstojanii 55 km mezhdu reaktorami i Pasko takoe obednenie v srednem sostavljaet 40% i ob{sup j}asnjaetsja processami biologicheskogo pogloshhenija i osazhdenija. Nizkoaktivnye rastvory zhidkih othodov s himicheskih zavodov po obrabotke topliva udaljajutsja v zemlju; oni dolzhny prosochit'sja cherez 70-120 metrov osadochnyh

  5. Canadian Food Irradiation Facilities; Installations Canadiennes d'Irradiation des Aliments; Kanadskie ustanovki dlya oblucheniya pishchevykh produktov; Instalaciones de Irradiacion de Alimentos en el Canada

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Warland, H. M.F.; MacQueen, K. F. [Atomic Energy of Canada Ltd., Commercial Products, Ottawa (Canada)

    1966-11-15

    programmy po kartofelju, KAOAJe pristupilo vmeste s kanadskimi issledovatel'skimi laboratorijami pishhevyh produktov k sovmestnym programmam issledovanij s primeneniem dopolnitel'nyh kamer dlja gamma-obluchenija. V 1960 godu KAOAJe skonstruirovalo ustanovku dlja obluchenija v jekranirovannom pome shhenii na svoem sobstvennom zavode v Ottave, chtoby obluchat' bolee, krupnye predmety, naprimer svinye okoroki i grozd'ja bananov. V 1963 godu, peredvizhnoj obluchatel', kotoryj i do jetogo byl naibolee poleznym sredstvom, stal bolee universal'nym za schet uvelichenija moshhnosti istochnika i osnashhenija sistemoj ohlazhdenija produktov i ustanovkoj dlja kondicionirovanija vozduha v avtofurgone. Posle jetih modifikacij ustanovka ispol'zovalas' v Kalifornii dlja obluchenija raznoobraznyh fruktov na opytnoj stancii ministerstva sel'skogo hozjajstva SShA v Fresno. Daetsja podrobnoe opisanie kamery dlja gamma-obluchenija, peredvizhnogo obluchatelja, ustanovki v jekranirovannom pomeshhenii, promyshlennogo obluchatelja pishhevyh produktov, a takzhe nekotoryh osnovnyh programm issledovanij pishhevyh produktov. V nastojashhee vremja predprijatija pishhevoj promyshlennosti projavljajut vse bol'shij interes k oblucheniju produktov, i perspektivy ispol'zovanija budushhih ustanovok javljajutsja blagoprijatnymi. (author)

  6. A Multi-Scaler Recording System and its Application to Radiometric ''Off-Line'' Analysis; Systeme d'Enregistrement a Echelles de Comptage Multiples et son Appucation aux Analyses Radlometriques Hors Circuit; Mul'tiskalyarnaya registriruyushchaya sistema i ee primenenie k radiometricheskim i ''vnelinejnym'' analizam; Un Sistema de Registro de Multiples Escalimetros y su Aplicacion al Analisis Radiometrico Discontinuo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bisby, H. [Atomic Energy Research Establishment, Harwell, Berks. (United Kingdom)

    1966-02-15

    , trebujushhajasja dlja kontrolja i ucheta, osnovyvaetsja na jeffektivnom ispol'zovanii laboratornyh metodov i priborov dlja tochnogo analiza harakternyh obrazcov, vzjatyh iz tehnologicheskogo potoka. Jeti metody, i v chastnosti te, kotorye svjazany s impul'snymi schetnymi sistemami, mogut byt' avtomatizirovany s pomoshh'ju sovremennyh priborov, takih, kakie budut opisany v doklade, i ot kotoryh dannye poluchajutsja v vide cifr v jelektronnyh nakopiteljah (pere- schetnye ustrojstva). Dlja upravlenija bol'shim zavodom nuzhno imet' mnogo nezavisimo upravljaemyh otdel'nyh schetnyh sistem takogo roda i, takim obrazom, ne imejushhih mezhdu soboj vremennoj korreljacii. Avtomaticheskaja sistema zapisi dannyh, opisannaja v nastojashhem doklade, predstavljaet soboj ustrojstvo otscheta pokazanij obshhih dannyh bolee, chem 50 nezavisimo dejstvujushhih schetnyh sistem, dannyh zapisyvajushhego schetnogo ustrojstva, a takzhe obrazca i sistemy identifikacii i absoljutno tochnogo vremeni kazhdogo otscheta pokazanij. Dannye mogut zapisyvat'sja v takom vide, kotoryj prigoden dlja posledujushhej obrabotki na vychislitel'noj mashine, na razlichnogo roda lentah i perfokartah, posledovatel'no ili parallel'no pechatajushhih ustrojstvah ili magnitnyh. Krome togo, mozhno avtomaticheski proverjat' pravil'nost' raboty, zapisyvajushhej sistemy, vkljuchaja pereschetnye ustrojstva v ljuboj sisteme, chto ne otrazhaetsja na rabote drugih schetnyh sistem. Delaetsja vyvod, chto jeffektivnyj kolichestvennyj kontrol' na zavode osnovyvaetsja na bystrom ischerpyvajushhem analize obrazcov v laboratornyh uslovijah. Verojatno v budushhem vozmozhno i bolee celesoobrazno razrabotat' ustrojstvo ''vne potoka'', a ne priborov na potoke. Daetsja obzor zhelatel'nyh harakteristik priborov v takoj laboratorii, i na primere demonstriruetsja cennost' ispol'zovannyh priborov i tochnoj gibkoj sistemy registracii dannyh. Upominajutsja vozmozhnye razrabotki v budushhem v oblasti obrabotki dannyh, kotorye mogut privesti k sozdaniju

  7. Comparison of Knolls Atomic Power Laboratory Clean Critical and Subcritical Experiments with Calculations; Etude Comparative des Calculs et des Experiences Critiques Non Empoisonnees et Souscritiques, Faits au Knolls Atomic Power Laboratory; Sravnenie chistykh kriticheskikh i podkriticheskikh opytov v nolle s raschetnymi dannymi; Comparacion de los Resultados Experimentales del Knolls Atomic Power Lamra Tory con los Valores Calculados Teoricamente en Conjuntos Criticos Limpios y Subcriticos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bach, D. R.; Bistline, J. A.; Bunch, S. I.; Cerbone, R. J.; Feiner, F.; Skolnik, W.; Slovacek, R. E.; Weinstein, S. [Knolls Atomic Tower Laboratory, Schenectady, NY (United States)

    1964-02-15

    - dajushhimi harakteristikami. Mehanicheskie kachestva kriticheskoj sborki takovy, chto kriti- cheskie konfiguracii predstavljajut soboj prostye prjamougol'nye parallelepipedy bez ka- nalov dlja avarijnyh i regulirujushhih sterzhnej. Issledovalsja kriticheskij razmer v sistemah v uslovijah utechki bystyh nejtronov (bez otrazhatelja i {sup s} otrazhatelem) i sravnenija so standartnymi dvuh- i trehrazmernymi gruppo- vymi schetno-reshajushhimi programmami. V celom raschetnye postojannye kritichnosti, vychislen- nye na osnovanii samyh poslednih jadernyh dannyh, priblizitel'no na 3% vyshe. Opisyvaemye opyty s plastinkami ohvatyvali shkalu temperatur, nachinaja ot komnatnoj do 293 Degree-Sign S pri davlenii 84,4 kg/sm{sup 2}. V celjah ustranenija oslozhnenija, svjazannogo s dejstviem regulirujushhih sterzhnej, opredelenie temperatury, pri kotoroj aktivnaja zona dostigala kri- tichnosti, provodilos' pri pochti polnom izvlechenii regulirujushhih sterzhnej. Pri nalichii tekushhej informacii otnositel'no poprechnyh sechenij raschetnaja kritichnost' postojanno vyshe priblizitel'no na 2% na vsem diapazone jeksperimentov. Raschety postojannyh raspada, provedennye metodom ustranenija otravlenija po zakonu l /v s ispol'zovaniem standartnoj gruppovoj diffuzii s uchetom uslovij zavisimosti grupp ot .granicy ukazyvajut na sovpadenie v predelah neskol'kih procentov s izmerennymi postojan- nymi raspada v diapazone ot 100 do 45 000 sek{sup -1}. Sravnenie dannyh izmerenij spektra selektora medlennyh nejtronov s raschetnymi spektrami s pomoshh'ju nedavno poluchennyh funkcij vlijanija svjazannogo vodoroda kak dlja vody, tak i dlja polijetilena svidetel'stvujut o horoshem soglasii, za iskljucheniem vodnyh sistem s vysokimi poglotitel'nymi svojstvami. V poslednem sluchae izmerennye spektry, po- vidimomu, dazhe mjagche, chem raschetnye spektry svobodnyh atomov. (author)

  8. Sb{sup III} - Sb{sup V} Exchange Reaction in Hydrochloric: Acid Solutions; Echange Sb{sup III}-Sb{sup V} dans des Solutions d'Acide Chlorhydrique; Reaktsiya obmena Sb(III) - Sb(V) v rastvorakh khloristovodorodnoj kisloty; Intercambio Sb{sup III}-Sb{sup V} en Soluciones de HCl

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kambara, T.; Yamaguchi, K.; Yasuba, S. [Shizuoka University, Shizuoka City (Japan)

    1965-10-15

    v rastvorah sur'my ((Sb{sup III}) = (Sb{sup V}) = 6,8 * 10{sup -4} M) menjalas' ot 0,8 do 4,0 M, i period poluobmena byl izmeren putem vyvedenija logarifma (1-F) po otnosheniju ko vremeni dlja rascheta skorosti obmena v predpolozhenii reakcii vtorogo porjadka. Bylo obnaruzheno, chto skorost' obmena rezko vozrastaet s vozrastaniem koncentracii HCl (pri 25 Degree-Sign S ot 0,8 do 2,0 M) i pri 2,0 M koncentracii HCl skorost' dostigaet maksimuma, posle kotorogo skorost' padaet s uvelicheniem koncentracii HCl (pri 25 Degree-Sign S ot 2,0 do 4,0 M). Pri issledovanijah byli ispol'zovany dve raznovidnosti Sbv, to est' odna byla ispol'zovana neposredstvenno posle razvedenija rastvora 10 M HCl Sbv vodoj i drugaja - posle 24 chasov otstaivanija pri komnatnoj temperature iz rastvora. V oboih sluchajah maksimal'nye sko- rosti byli obnaruzheny pri koncentracii 2,0 M HCl. Skorost' R{sub 1} dlja pervoj (neposred- stvenno posle razbavlenija) sostavila 4,5 * 10{sup -6} mol' litr{sup -1} min{sup -1}, i skorost' R{sub 2} dlja vtoroj (otstaivalas' v techenie 24 chasov) byla 1,2 * 10{sup -6} mol' litr{sup -1} min{sup -1} . Energija aktivacii dlja ukazannyh sluchaev ravnjalas' 12,2 kkal/mol' i 19,1 kkal/mol'. Pri pomoshhi spektrofoto- metricheskih issledovanij bylo obnaruzheno, chto raznovidnosti Sb{sup V} pervogo tipa sostojat glavnym obrazom,iz SbClg, a raznovidnosti vtorogo tipa - iz SbCl(OH){sup -}{sub 2} i t . d . Pomimo jetih faktov bylo obnaruzheno, chto forma raznovidnostej Sb{sup III} ne okazyvaet nikakogo vlijanija na skorost' obmena. Bolee rezkoe vozrastanie skorosti obmena otmechalos', kogda koncentracija HCl v ras- tvore sur'my byla 0,8 M, a koncentracija hlorida byla uvelichena do 3,0 M s dobavleniem LiCl. Primechatel'no, chto pochti linejnoe i rezkoe uvelichenie skorosti otmechalos' do kon- centracii hlorida 2,0 M. Jeti fakty, poluchennye pri postojannoj koncentracii vodorodnyh ionov, navodjat na mysl', chto atomy hlorida igrajut rol' mostikovyh atomov v obrazovanii

  9. Method of obtaining concentrated preparations of Cl{sup 36} and Br{sup 82} by recoil nuclei under exposure to high-density neutron fields; Preparation de composes du chlore-36 et du brome-82 de haute activite specifique, par exposition de noyaux de recul a des champs neutroniques intenses; Poluchenie kontsentrirovannykh preparatov Cl{sup 36} i Br{sup 82} metodom yader otdachi pri obluchenii v nejtronnykh polyakh vysokoj plotnosti; Obtencion de compuestos de cloro-36 y de bromo-82 de alta actividad especifica por retroceso de nucleos en campos neutronicos intensos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kurchatova, L N; Kurchatov, B V

    1962-01-15

    umerennykh vosstanovitelej. Soedineniya khlora s uglem po ustojchivosti blizki k soedineniyam broma s uglem. Tol'ko sil'nye vosstanoviteli (sernokislyj rastvor CrSO{sub 4}) medlenno otshcheplyayut khlor pri komnatnoj temperature iz soedinenij khlora s aktivirovannym uglem. Obogashchenie broma izotopom Br{sup 82} pri ispol'zovanii ukazannykh soedinenij broma s uglem dostigaet 50+500-kratnogo pri integral'nykh potokakh poryadka 5.10{sup 17} nejtr./cm{sup 2}. Udel'naya aktivnost' kontsentrata kolebletsya ot 6 do 35 mkyuri/mg broma i, veroyatno, mozhet byt' povyshena pri dal'nejshej otrabotke metoda. Struktura soedineniya obespechivaet khoroshee izvlechenie radioaktivnogo broma (do 75%) pri prostejshikh tekhnologicheskikh operatsiyakh. Dlya poluteniya kontsentrata khlora-36 naibolee ehffektivnoj okazalas' sistema uglerod + khlornoe zhelezo + khlor. Na ehtoj sisteme poluchen koehffitsient obogashcheniya ot 6 do 20-kratnogo pri udel'noj aktivnosti kontsentrata 230-55 mikrokyuri/g khlora. EHffekt kontsentrirovaniya pri obluchenii nejtronami ukazannykh soedinenij khlora i broma yavlyaetsya rezul'tatom nalozheniya tselogo ryada protsessov: obrazovaniya radioaktivnykh atomov khlora, radioliticheskogo otshchepleniya galoida, diffuzii poluchennykh produktov v reshetke ugleroda, sorbtsii ikh na poverkhnosti i rekombinatsii na razlichnykh tsentrakh. Mnogochislennye faktory - ul'tramikroskopicheskaya struktura, priroda novykh soedinenij, otnosyashchikhsya k tipu poverkhnostnykh soedinenij, nalichie na poverkhnosti uglya tsentrov s nepreryvnym spektrom ehnergii sorbtsii, veroyatnoe obrazovanie pri obluchenii uglya razlichnykh nepodvizhnykh tsentrov rekombinatsii i dr., - obuslavlivayut chrezvychajnoe raznoobrazie uslovij obrazovaniya i vzaimodejstviya produktov oblucheniya s uglerodnym skeletom i ego poverkhnost'yu. Poehtomu ispol'zovannye sistemy predstavlyayut vozmozhnost' shirokoj variatsii opytov dlya podbora optimal'nykh uslovij obogashcheniya. (author)

  10. Joule Heating of Plasma in the Toroidal Tokamak-3 Device; Chauffage du Plasma par Effet Joule, dans l'Installation Torique; Dzhoulev nagrev plazmy na toroidal'noj ustanovke Tokamak-3; Calentamiento de un Plasma por Efeto Joule en la Instalacion Toroidal Tokamak

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arcimovich, L. A.; Afrosimov, V. V.; Gladkovskij, I. P.; Mirnov, S. V.; Petrov, M. P.; Strelkov, V. S. [Institut Atomnoj Ehnergii, Im. I.V. Kurchatova, Moskva, SSSR (Russian Federation)

    1966-04-15

    jekvatorial'noj ploskosti tora i nabljudalsja drejf plazmennogo shnura ''naruzhu'' (uvelichenie bol'shogo radiusa vitka). Jeto dvizhenie mozhet byt' vyzvano izmeneniem radiusa tokovogo shnura, nagrevom plazmy ili zatuhaniem tokov Fuko v provodjashhem kozhuhe. V jetih uslovijah na ustanovke Tokamak-3 udalos' poluchit' makroskopicheski ustojchivyj plazmennyj shnur, odnako temperatura plazmy okazalas' men'she, chem. sledovalo ozhidat' pri otsutstvii anomal'nyh poter' jEhnergii. K bol'shim poterjam jEhnergii dolzhny privodit' processy, proishodjashhie pri vzaimodejstvii plazmennogo shnura s diafragmoj. Jeto vzaimodejstvie udalos' oslabit', primeniv diafragmu special'noj formy i ispol'zovav svojstvo shnura smeshhat'sja naruzhu v techenie processa. Zadachej issledovanij javljalos' opredelenie razlichnyh parametrov plazmy v jetih uslovijah, v tom chisle jelektronnoj i ionnoj temperatur. Dlja opredelenija jelektronnoj temperatury po izmeneniju soprotivlenija plazmy neobhodimo, krome jelektricheskih harakteristik shnura znat' zakon izmenenija vo vremeni radiusa shnura. Reshenie na schetnoj mashine sistemy uravnenij, vkljuchajushhej jelektrotehnicheskoe uravnenie i uravnenie ravnovesija, pozvoljaet opredelit' izmenenie vo vremeni temperatury plazmy i ee koncentracii, a takzhe radiusa i smeshhenija plazmennogo shnura na osnovanii, jeksperimental'no izmerennyh zavisimostej ot vremeni toka v plazme, naprjazhenija, signalov magnitnyh zondov i radiointerferometra. Vychislennaja funkcija temperatury vozrastaet za vremja processa i dostigaet 100-200 jev. Spektroskopicheskie izmerenija jelektronnoj temperatury dajut znachenija blizkie k vychislennym. Rezul'taty izmerenij jenergeticheskogo spektra potoka bystryh nejtral'nyh atomov horosho soglasujutsja s predlozheniem o tom, chto spektr ionov plazmy blizok k maksvellovsko- mu s temperaturoj okolo 100 jev. Sushhestvennoe otklonenie haraktera spektra ot maksvel- lovskogo nabljudaetsja v neustojchivom rezhime razrjada v momenty, sootvetstvujushhie

  11. Thermodynamic Behaviour of Hypostoichiometric UO{sub 2}; Comportement Thermodynamique de UO{sub 2} HypostoeChiometrique; Termodinamicheskoe povedenie gipostekhiometricheskoj UO{sub 2}; Comportamiento Termodinamico del UO{sub 2} Subestequiometrico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aitken, E. A.; Brassfield, H. C.; Fryxell, R. E. [General Electric Company, Nuclear Materials and Propulsion Operation, Cincinnati, OH (United States)

    1966-02-15

    nagrevajutsja do temperatury svyshe 1 700 Degree-Sign S, otnoshenie o/i tab- letki menjaetsja i dostigaet ravnovesija, opredeljaemogo aktivnost'ju kisloroda atmosfery, okruzhajushhej obolochku. UO{sub 2} ne reagiruet s tantalom, noiz-zavysokoj rastvorimosti kislo- roda v tantale poslednij igraet rol' membrany. Ispol'zuja dannye kongrujentnogo vypari- vanija i opytov s tantalovoj obolochkoj, provedennyh v razlichnyh smesjah argon - vodorod, byla opredelena aktivnost' kisloroda v okisi urana kak funkcija stehiometrii. Chastichnaja moljarnaja svobodnaja jenergija kisloroda G(O{sub 2}) vozrastaet pochti linejno pri nedostatke kislo- roda s vozrastaniem otnoshenija kislorod-uran. Kogda sostav priblizhaetsja k stehiometri- cheskomu, velichina G(O{sub 2}) rastet ochen' rezko. Ispol'zuja jeti rezul'taty vmeste s ocenochny- mi velichinami G(O{sub 2}) pri izbytke kisloroda, vzjatymi iz literatury, pokazano, chto dannye pri opredelennoj temperature soglasujutsja so staticheskoj model'ju. Jeta model' dopuskaet, chto otklonenie ot stehiometricheskogo sostava proishodit i z-zaizbytka atomov kisloroda, zanimajushhih mezhdouzlija, ili i z - z a nedostatka kisloroda na kislorodnoj podreshetke. Razu- porjadochenie proishodit s vnutrennimi atomami kisloroda i s kislorodnymi vakansijami. Jenergiju kisloroda po Frenkelju sostavljaet 60 kkal/gramm-atom, chto horosho soglasuetsja s ocenkami, poluchennymi iz dannyh kislorodnoj samodiffuzii. Rassmatrivaetsja svjaz' mezhdu G(O{sub 2}) I chastichnym davleniem gazoobraznyh okisej, UO i UO{sub 2} i v obshhem plane kommentirujut- sja rezul'taty opytov s drugimi soedinenijami, takimi kak ThO{sub 2} provedennyh s ispol'zova- niem teh zhe jeksperimental'nyh metodov. (author)

  12. Detailed design of a fixed filter-paper alpha-air-monitor with less than 15-min response time; Detecteur d'aerosols contenant des emetteurs alpha, muni d'un papier filtre fixe, a temps de reponse inferieur a quinze minutes; Podrobnaya konstruktsiya vozdushnogo registratora al'fa-chastits s fiksirovannym bumazhnym fil'trom so vremenem srabatyvaniya menee pyatnadtsati minut; Monitor de hoja de papel filtro fija para emisores alfa suspendidos en el aire, cuyo tiempo de reaccion es inferior a 15 minutos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gentry, W O; Seaborn, G B [Oak Ridge Gaseous Diffusion Plant, Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

    1962-04-15

    pequeno tamano y su sencillez, asi como por el hecho de que su construccion, empleo y conservacion resultan mucho mas economicas que las de cualquiera de los monitores conocidos hasta el presente. Da una senal de alarma en menos de 15 min cuando la concentracion del polvo de uranio supera los 2,1 {center_dot} 10-10 {mu}c/cm{sup 3} (tres veces y media la concentracion maxima admisible para una exposicion de 40 h por semana). Ademas de emitir esa senal de alarma, el monitor permite medir la concentracion semanal media del polvo de uranio, quitando el papel de filtro y midiendo la intensidad ''de la radiacion despues de un periodo conveniente de desintegracion de la actividad natural. (author) [Russian] Osnovnoj dozimetricheskoj problemoj na gazovykh diffuzionnykh zavodakh, gde proiskhodit razdelenie izotopov urana, yavlyaetsya registratsiya uranovoj pyli v vozdukhe, izluchayushchej al'fa-chastitsy. V techenie neskol'kikh let na Okridzhskom gazovom diffuzionnom zavode osushchestvlyaetsya programma razrabotki bolee sovershennykh kontrol'no-izmeritel'nykh priborov dlya obnaruzheniya ehtoj pyli. V dannom doklade obsuzhdaetsya razrabotannyj nedavno pribor, kotoryj obespechivaet podachu bystrogo trevozhnogo signala, esli kontsentratsiya osvobozhdayushchejsya uranovoj pyli v vozdukhe dostigaet opasnykh urovnej. Do razrabotki ehtogo pribora neobkhodima byla primerno pyatichasovaya zaderzhka, kotoraya davala vremya dlya raspada estestvennoj atmosfernoj radioaktivnosti, prezhde chem mozhno bylo obnaruzhit' dolgozhivushchie al'fa-izluchateli uranovoj pyli. Razrabotannyj nedavno pribor rabotaet na sleduyushchem printsipe: kogda sobrana pyl' v vozdukhe, soderzhashchaya dochernie produkty estestvennogo atmosfernogo radona, aktivnost' vozrastet do kvazi-ravnovesnogo znacheniya, pri kotorom skorost' osazhdeniya budet ravna skorosti raspada. V takom sluchae uranovaya pyl' nablyudaetsya po mere bystrogo izmeneniya uslovij ravnovesiya. Unikal'noj kharakteristikoj pribora yavlyaetsya ispol