Sample records for zaloz yi nirok


    Fiki Alghadari


    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji sejarah dan kaidah matematis pada tradisi nirok-nanggok di pulau Belitung. Nirok-nanggok adalah upacara adat yang menunjukan rasa syukur, dilakukan beramai-ramai, dan dipandu oleh seorang pemimpin. Tujuan penulisan artikel ini adalah untuk mengetahui kaidah matematis apa yang tersirat dalam tradisi nirok-nanggok, dan bagaimana kontekstual kaidah matematis dalam tradisi nirok-nanggok tersebut. Studi ini dipandang sebagai salah satu bentuk nyata bahwa dalam tradisi tidak semata-mata hanya menonjolkan adat istiadat dan norma saja, namun dengan sudut pandang tertentu dapat dijadikan bahasan bahwa suatu tradisi telah terkonsep secara matematis. Tradisi budaya daerah yang memuat kaidah matematis ini dapat dijadikan sebagai salah satu contoh kontekstual dalam belajar matematika. Berdasarkan hasil kajian, disimpulkan bahwa kaidah matematis yang tersirat dalam tradisi nirok-nanggok adalah teori peluang. Kontekstual budaya nirok-nanggok dicontohkan sesuai dengan konsep peluang kejadian independen, peluang kejadian bersyarat, dan frekuensi harapan. Kaidah peluang merupakan teori prediksi dan bukan suatu kepastian, sehingga suatu kejadian yang diprediksi merupakan kejadian yang mungkin akan terjadi dan mungkin juga tidak terjadi

  2. Yi Modern Art


    Edeshizhuo, a Yi painter, uses abstract techniques in her paintings, but expresses her inner feelings and her life experience with her color sense. Looking at her artwork, viewers can get a sense of Yi beliefs and the essence of ancient culture.

  3. On the Ling Long Yi.

    Xu, Z.-T.; Sun, X.-C.

    It was recorded in history that Guo Shou-Jing constructed thirteen astronomical instruments during the calendar reform which was led by him in the early Yuan Dynasty. One of those was called "Ling Long Yi". It is still an open question to identify what kind of astronomical instrument the Ling Long Yi is.

  4. JIN Yi-qiang (


    JIN Yi-qiang was born in September 1932 in Changsha, Hunan Province. He was educated in Hunan Medical University and graduated in 1956. He studied in the first TCM Training Class for Western Physicians in Hunan TCM College and graduated in 1961. He worked in the TCM department and the Institute of Integrated TCM & Western Medicine (WM) in the Affiliated Xiangya Hospital, Hunan Medical University ever since, where he has been engaged in the internal medicine of Integrated TCM and WM for 43 years (including teaching, clinical practice and research work). He became a professor at 1987, and works as tutor for inheriting the experience of veteran TCM experts in China, tutor of postgraduates, director of research department, and deputy director of the institute. Meanwhile, he is the standing director of the Chinese Association of Integrated TCM & WM, the vice director of the Chinese Association of Trace Elemental Science, a member of New Drug Assessment Committee in Hunan Province and the editor of the Journal of Integrated TCM & WM.……

  5. Yi Nationality Girl, Mamu Age


    TOURISM has developed rapidly in Beijing, and there are more and more sites to see, from the World Park to the China Ethnic Garden and a Miniature Replica of Old Beijing. These sites attract a large number of travelers from both home and abroad. This is Mamu Age, from the Daliangshan Yi Nationality Autonomous Prefecture in Sichuan Province. She and

  6. Yi Can Enter 2007 NBA



    China’s top young basketball player Yi Jianlian has been given the green light to enter the NBA,after his club finally agreed to let him join the NBA draft."This is a great chance and also a test for me,"said the 2.12-metre forward.

  7. The Love for the Yi Script:Framing Love and Literacy among the Yi

    LIU Jiaying


    This paper addresses the representation of literacy practices among the ethnic Yi people of China in the film “The Love for the Yi Script” which is written and produced by the Yi.In framing this film ’ s plot, based on the screen writer ’ s individual experience , a “duel love” is revealed in terms of the leading male character ’ s love for the Yi script and his love with the leading female character .Drawing on critical reviews of the oral -literate divide by Collins and Blot (2003) and Street (1985), this paper examines how Yi’ s literacy practices are medi-ated by indigenous engagement in the oral -connected written classics as well as by changing life circumstances in the modern Chinese state .Influenced by Ahearn ’ s ( 2001 ) study of literacy , love letters, and social change in rural Nepal , this paper explores the changing “structures of feeling” and changing conception of romantic relationship in shaping the newly -forged Yi identi-ty that emerges through their literacy practices .

  8. Mutual Taboos between the Liangshan Yi and European Tourists

    LI Bin


    With China ’ s promotion to estab-lish comprehensive relations with other countries , and with the sustainable development of transporta-tion and tourism in western China , the Liangshan Yi area, because of its beautiful natural environ-ment and unique culture , has become a tourist at-traction .

  9. Dr. Yi Juqing's Experience in Treating Female Infertility

    Meng Jimin


    @@ With rich experience accumulated in medical practice for 40 years, Dr. Yi Juqing (易菊清), a chief physician, is good at treating various kinds of refractory diseases. The following is an introduction of his experience in treating female infertility.

  10. Prof.ZHANG Yi's Experience in Treating Severe Arrhythmia

    CHEN Wei-guo; BA Zhuo-ma


    @@ Prof. ZHANG Yi is a supervisor in the work of inheriting the experiences from national TCM experts, and enjoys special subsidy granted by the State Council. Graduated from Tongji Medical College, Prof. ZHANG has been engaged in medical work for about 50 years, and has worked for many years as the director of the Department of Internal Cardiology in the Affiliated Hospital of Qinghai Medical College.

  11. The debate on the yan-yi relation in Chinese philosophy: reconstruction and comments

    Chen Bo


    The debate on the yan-yi relation was carried out by Chinese philosophers collectively,and the principles and methods in the debate still belong to a living tradition of Chinese philosophy.From Yijing(Book of Changes),Lunyu(Analects),Laozi and Zhuangzi to Wang Bi,"yi"which cannot be expressed fully by yan(language),is not only"idea"or"meaning"in the human mind,but is also some kind of ontological existence,which is beyond yan and emblematic symbols,and unspeakable.Thus,the debate on the yan-yi relation refers firstly to metaphysics,secondly to moral philosophy,and then to epistemology and philosophy of language.Guided by this view,this paper recalls the source of the debate on the yan-yi relation to Yijing and Lunyu,distinguishes four meanings of"yi"in Chinese philosophy,and reconstructs three arguments.These arguments are the"yan cannot express yi fully"argument,"forget yan once you get yi"argument,and"yan Can express yi fully"argument.Finally,this paper exposes and comments on those principles,methods and the general tendency shown in the debate from the following five aspects:starting point,value-preference,methodology,texts(papers and books),and influences.

  12. Complete Genome Sequence of the Fenitrothion-Degrading Burkholderia sp. Strain YI23

    Lim, Jong Sung; Choi, Beom Soon; Choi, Ah Young; Kim, Kyung Duk; Kim, Dong In; Choi, Ik Young; Ka, Jong-Ok


    Burkholderia species are ubiquitous in soil environments. Many Burkholderia species isolated from various environments have the potential to biodegrade man-made chemicals. Burkholderia sp. strain YI23 was isolated from a golf course soil and identified as a fenitrothion-degrading bacterium. In this study, we report the complete genome sequence of Burkholderia sp. strain YI23.

  13. An Analysis on Rural Tourism Development Model in Yi County of Huangshan City

    Xiangye; SONG; Hongna; LI


    The Yi County’s rural tourism model has changed a lot,gradually transferring from the single model to the composite model,which integrates sightseeing,touring,entertainment,leisure,vocation,and shopping. This article mainly focuses on the rural tourism development model. Yi County is a typical case for others,which gives a new development model.

  14. Chemical characterization of Magnolia biondii (Flos Magnoliae, Xin Yi).

    Schühly, Wolfgang; Skarbina, Jeannette; Kunert, Olaf; Nandi, Owi I; Bauer, Rudolf


    Samples of Magnolia biondii buds (Xin Yi, Flos Magnoliae) from different sources were subjected to phytochemical analysis and compared to samples of M. denudata and M. liliiflora. Among the compounds found in the flower buds of M. biondii were eight tetrahydrofurofuran lignans as well as the sesquiterpene lactone parthenolide and the sesquiterpene alcohol oplodiol. A rapid TLC-method for the identification of plant material from M. biondii and its distinction from M. liliiflora was developed. Structure elucidation was carried out by means of NMR (1- and 2-D) and LC-MS.

  15. The Impact and Role of the Yi Civil Corps on Ethnic Work in Liangshan

    MA Linying


    The formation and growth of Yi Civil Corps of the CPLA ( Chinese People ’ s Lib-eration Army ) Chengdu military region began and developed with the establishment of the Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture .From the beginning to the end of its 34 year mission of military develop-ment the Yi Civil Corps made an irreplaceable con-tribution to the liberation of the people and the e-conomic development in Liangshan .However , due to various reasons , this unique historical episode which linked the military and civil people only re-mains in folk memory and was recorded only in some unpublished internal materials .So, the ma-jority of the public does not know about it .Based upon references taken from publications by Liang Wenying , Mao Junru , Li Shian and the Chinese Academy of Sciences , this article , for the first time, discusses the special military history of the CPLA by taking Yi Civil Corps as an example . After the CPLA liberated Liangshan in March , 1950 , in order to maintain local social or-der, speed up production and construction , and cultivate ethnic cadres , Liao Zhigao , the Party secretary of Sichuan province of the time , together with the Party Committee in Tibetan and Yi re-gions, established the Yi and Tibetan Civil Corps of the CPLA in November 1952.They did this by taking into account the reality and characteristics of ethnic works in the Tibetan and Yi regions , and af-ter reporting to the central military commission for approval .The establishment of Yi Civil Corps adds a new historical page for the glorious history of the Yi people .Just like the establishment of all levels of governments of the Yi people , it marks a new beginning in the lives of the Yi people .It declared a revival for the Yi people who had experienced great vicissitudes , the separation of their family clans, constant internal warfare , and who were generally in a poor and backward situation .The establishment of the Yi Civil Corps not only em-bodied the Chinese Communist

  16. 彝文字记忆探究%Exploring into the Memorization of Yi Characters



    There are totally 819 symbols of the Yi characters that are difficult to be remembered perfectly.This thesis mainly talks about the methods of memorizing Yi characters from the body-link and sound-link of Yi characters,doggerels,riddles,and games.%彝文总字符共有819字,彝文总字符虽少,却不容易记忆。本文从彝文字形体关联、语音联系,顺口溜、迷语及游戏等方面来探究彝文字记忆。

  17. Spectroscopic Classification of SN 2017yi as a Type Ia Supernova

    Rui, Liming; Wang, Xiaofeng; Xiang, Danfeng; Li, Wenxiong; Jia, Junjun; He, Min; Zhang, Tianmeng; Wu, Zhenyu; Zhang, Jujia


    We obtained an optical spectrum (range 370-850 nm) of SN 2017yi, discovered by J. Vales,on UT Feb.01.5 2017 with the 2.16-m telescope (+BFOSC) at Xinglong Station of National Astronomical Observatories of China (NAOC).

  18. An Ancient Solar Eclipse Record "Tian-da-yi" in the 10th Century BC


    The ancient record "Tian-da-yi" (the sky darkened greatly) is identified with the solar eclipse on May 31, 976BC. This identification is demonstrated in this paper through a palaeographic, astronomical and chronological analysis. It is probably the earliest solar eclipse in Chinese history that can be so identified.

  19. XU Yi-hou's Experience in Herbal Administration for the Differential Treatment of Skin Diseases

    LI Bo; SHI Yue-jun; SONG Shun-peng; ZHAN Cheng; WANG Xin-zhong


    @@ Prof.XU Yi-hou, director of the Department of Dermatology of Wuhan Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, is a famous expert in dermatology of combined Chinese and western medicine, and awarded special governmental subsidy granted by the State Council.

  20. Medicinal plants used by the Yi ethnic group: a case study in central Yunnan

    Li Sumei


    Full Text Available Abstract Background This paper is based on ethnomedicinal investigation conducted from 1999–2002 in Chuxiong, central Yunnan Province, Southwest China. The Yi medicine has made a great contribution to the ethnomedicinal field in China. Neither case studies nor integrated inventories have previously been conducted to investigate the traditional Yi plants. This paper aims to argue the status and features of medicinal plants used in traditional Yi societies through a case study. Methods The approaches of ethnobotany, anthropology, and participatory rural appraisal were used in the field surveys. Twenty-two informants in four counties were interviewed during eight field trips. Medicinal plant specimens were identified according to taxonomic methods. Results One hundred sixteen medicinal plant species were found to be useful by the local people in the treatment of various diseases or disorders, especially those relating to trauma, gastrointestinal disorders and the common cold. Among these 116 species, 25 species (21.55% were found to have new curative effects and 40 species (34.48% were recorded for their new preparation methods; 55 different species were used in treating wounds and fractures, and 47 were used to treat gastrointestinal disorders. Traditional Yi herbal medicines are characterized by their numerous quantities of herbaceous plants and their common preparation with alcohol. Conclusion Totally 116 species in 58 families of medicinal plants traditionally used by the Yi people were inventoried and documented. The characteristics of medicinal plants were analyzed. Some new findings (such as new curative effects and new preparation methods were recorded These newly gathered ethnobotanical and medicinal data are precious sources for the future development of new drugs, and for further phytochemical, pharmacological and clinical studies.

  1. Genetic polymorphism investigation of the Chinese Yi minority using PowerPlex® Y23 STR amplification system.

    He, GuangLin; Chen, PengYu; Zou, Xing; Chen, Xu; Song, Feng; Yan, Jing; Hou, YiPing


    Twenty-three Y-STR loci (DYS576, DYS389I, DYS389 II, DYS448, DYS19, DYS391, DYS481, DYS549, DYS533, DYS438, DYS437, DYS570, DYS635, DYS390, DYS439, DYS392, DYS393, DYS458 DYS456, DYS643, Y-GATA-H4, and DYS385a/b) included in the next-generation PowerPlex® Y23 System were first investigated in 311 unrelated, healthy male individuals from the Yi minority population residing in the Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan, China. A total of 179 alleles and 297 haplotypes were discovered in the Yi group. In total, 285 haplotypes among them were unique, and the remaining 12 haplotypes were observed in two or three individuals. Haplotype discrimination capacity and haplotype diversity were 0.9550 and 0.9989, respectively. Genetic diversity ranged from 0.4550 (DYS437) to 0.9556 (DYS385a/b). Population comparisons between the Yi minority group and 10 Asian meta-populations comprising 58 individual populations were performed. Both multidimensional scaling plots and phylogenetic analyses demonstrated that the genetic structure of the Chinese Yi ethnicity was extremely different compared to Taiwan indigenous inhabitants among 10 Asian meta-populations. Additionally, the genetic structure resemblance of the Yi group was obtained from a geographically close population (Xuanwei Han) or similar language family groups (Thai populations). Besides, our study has demonstrated that the PowerPlex® Y23 System has high polymorphism in a Chinese Yi ethnic population and high discriminatory power for forensic purposes. Population data of the 23 Y-STR obtained from a Yi ethnic population has enriched the Chinese ethnic genetic information.

  2. [An introduction on the editions of Zhang Gao's Yi shuo (Medical Narrations)].

    Wang, Xuguang; Lu, Xiang


    Zhang Gao's Yi shuo (Medical Narrations) of the Southern Song Dynasty had 2 kinds of editions: domestic editions and foreign editions. The former includes 1 Song edition, 14 Ming editions, 3 Qing editions and 25 editions after the Republic of China. The latter, mainly 2 classes, the Japanese edition and Korean printing type edition. In the Ming Dynasty, the editions of Yi shuo generated 2 branches: inherited edition and supplementary edition. The inherited editions include Gu Dingfang's edition, Zhang Yaode's edition, Wu Mianxue's edition, Wu Zhongheng's edition, Wang Kentang's edition, editions from Si ku quan shu (Imperial Collection of Four), stereotype edition of the 3th year of Xuantong reign (1911) from Shanghai Civilization Bookstore, edition of the 2(nd) year of Manji of Japan etc. The supplemental editions include Zhang Zili's edition, Shen Fan's edition, Fu Feng'ao's edition, transcript of the late Ming Dynasty preserved in the Library of Peking University, and Korean printing type edition etc.

  3. Application of Bu Zhong Yi Qi Tang According to TCM Differentiation of Syndromes



    @@ Bu Zhong Yi Qi Tang (补中益气汤Decoction for Reinforcing the Middle-jiao and Replenishing Qi) is an effective formulated recipe commonly used for treating a variety of diseases with the manifestations of kidney-qi deficiency. In my opinion, however, it is also very effective for the conditions of which the symptoms of kidney-qi deficiency is not noticeable, but its mechanism lies in dysfunction of the spleen. The following are some examples.

  4. The stability analysis of expansive slope in Jing-Yi Expressway

    ZUO Chang-qun; CHEN Jian-ping


    This paper firstly introduces the distribution of weathered layers, and then presents the relationship between water content and expansive force and the working model of expansive forces in expansive soil slopes. Taking the expansive soil slope of Jing-Yi Expressway as example and applying the Slices Method, this paper puts forward the stability calculation method considering the effect of expansive forces, and also proposes the treatments.

  5. Prevalence of overweight and obesity among Chinese Yi nationality: a cross-sectional study

    Gao Yun


    Full Text Available Abstract Background Overweight and obesity are considered a serious health problem. There are little data on the prevalence of overweight and obesity among the Yi ethnic group in China. This study aimed to investigate the epidemiologic features of overweight/obesity among Chinese Yi nationality. Methods A cross-sectional study, including 1255 subjects aged 20-75 years, was carried out in Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture of Sichuan province from 2007 to 2008. Overweight/overall obesity was defined by World Health Organization (WHO or the Working Group on Obesity in China. Results Overall, the prevalence of overweight and obesity was 19.0% and 2.9%, respectively, based on the WHO definition, while it was 21.0% and 7.4%, respectively, according to the Working Group on Obesity in China, which is similar to data reported in the 2002 Chinese National Nutrition and Health Survey. Urban residents had a significantly higher prevalence of obesity (WHO criteria: 4.3% vs 1.7% p = 0.008; China criteria: 11.4% vs 3.7%, p p p Conclusions The prevalence of overweight/obesity in the Yi nationality is similar to that in Chinese adults 5 years ago. However, urban residents have a much higher prevalence of overweight/obesity than their rural counterparts. Lifestyle and diet patterns associated with socioeconomic status may explain the difference between urban and rural residents. The prevention of overweight/obesity among urban inhabitants deserves more attention in national health education programs.

  6. Nursing Management Under the Background of "San Hao Yi Man Yi" Project%“三好一满意”活动下的护理管理

    王德国; 王立榕


    To effectively promote the" San Hao Yi Man Yi" project,it is necessary to strictly accordance with the deployment and requirements of the ministry of health,to do well in propaganda and mobilization of nursing staff,carry out the education for nursing staff of high quality nursing services,formulate the practical implementation of high quality nursing service work plan and work target,do well in the management of nursing staff,actively explore and implement the performance of the work system,change nursing work mode,deepen the reform of nursing work,improve the level of nursing personnel's medical ethics and strengthen nurses' consciousness of nursing disciplines.%要切实推进“三好一满意”活动卓有成效地开展,须严格按照卫生部的部署与要求,做好对护理人员的优质护理服务的教育工作,制定符合本单位实际的推行优质护理服务的工作计划与工作目标,做好对护理人员的配备与管理工作,积极探索并落实绩效工作制,深化护理工作改革,提高护理人员护理道德境界与水平,增强护理人员的护理法纪意识.

  7. Intervention effect of traditional Chinese medicine Yi Tang Kang on metabolic syndrome of spleen deficiency

    Xiao-Xi Liu; Yan Shi


    Objective:To investigate effects of herbal compoundYiTangKang on the spleen deficiency metabolic syndrome.Methods:Forty maleWistar rats were randomly divided into two groups: the normal control group and theMS spleen deficiency syndrome group.The control group rats were fed with standard diet and water, whileMS spleen deficiency syndrome group with high fat diet and low dose intraperitoneal injection ofstreptozocin, which swam to the endurance limit. After12 weeks, theMS spleen deficiency syndrome group was randomly divided into two groups, with13 rats in each group.Rats in model group were fed with high fat diet and continuouly administered with daily saline, and rats in intervention group with high fat diet were trated with traditionalChinese medicinesYiTangKang by gavage,2 mL/200 g at the same time every day.10 weeks later, the expression of serum proteomics was investigated through abdominal aortic puncture and separation of serum, using isotope labeling technique, high performance liquid chromatography and four bar-Orbitrap mass spectrometer.Results:After treatment with traditionalChinese medicine yitangkang, in the model group, important carboxylesterase and retinal guanylatecyclase2 precursor were upregulated.As for intervention group, these indesxes were raised, but immunoglobulinIgG, carnitine acetyltransferase, tubulin beta -5, andGanLu sugar binding proteinC were down-regulated.At the same time, some new biological active substances, such as protein tyrosine kinase, beta glucosidase were also found.Conclusions:TraditionalChinese medicinesYiTangKang could regulate glucose and lipid metabolism in rats with spleen deficiency syndrome.

  8. Research on Female Ethics of Zhou Yi%《周易》女性伦理析论



    《周易》包括《易经》《易传》,经、传有着不一样的女性伦理价值观。《易经》女性伦理呈现国家、社会、个人伦理多层次和多样性的格局;而《易传》倾向男尊女卑、男主女从的妇妻社会伦理,体现了统一性,并对这种统一的女性伦理接通天人之际,凭借形上的根据以证成其合法性和合理性。《周易》的这些女性伦理观,是我国古代女性伦理的重要理论来源,对于后世的女性伦理发展有着重要的影响。今人在分析《周易》女性伦理时,应当坚持经、传相分的观点,才能准确地把握其女性伦理观。%Zhou Yi includes Yi Jing and Yi Zhuan,which with different values of female ethics. The female ethics of Yi Jing is multi-level and various with state,social and personal ethics. But Yi Zhuan tends to the social ethics that women are inferior to men and it finds out the foundation of the women social ethics from the heaven-human relationship by ontology as well. The female ethics of Zhou Yi,is an important theoretical source of Chinese ancient female ethics,which also has an important influ-ence on the later development of female ethics. In the analysis of Zhou Yi’s female ethics,we should make a distinction between Yi Jing and Yi Zhuan in order to accurately grasp the female ethic view.

  9. YiXing pump turbine guide vane vibrations: Problem reso lution with advanced CFD analysis

    Nennemann, B [Andritz Hydro Ltd., 6100 Trans Canada Hwy., Pointe-Claire, Quebec, H9R 1B9 (Canada); Parkinson, E, E-mail: [Andritz Hydro SA, Rue des Deux-Gares 6, Vevey, 1800 Switzerland (Switzerland)


    During commissioning of YiXing pump turbine (Jiangsu province, China) by - at the time - GE Energy Hydro a number of guide vane vibration issues occurred. An investigation was launched to determine the root causes of these vibration incidents including analysis of site measurement data from the incidents and a Computation Fluid Dynamics (CFD) study. Several interesting hydro-dynamic phenomena were discovered during the course of this investigation, notably circumferentially synchronized and amplified von Karman vortices at the guide vane trailing edges in pump mode, unexpected flow attachment to the guide vane trailing edge pump mode resulting in bi-stable flow conditions and a self-excited torsion mode flutter vibration. The latter two phenomena explain the vibration incidents at site. The CFD study helped in identifying and quantifying the geometric parameters that influence torsion mode flutter and therefore enabled a targeted modification of the guide vane profile that is stable with respect to self-excitation. Between May 2009 and April 2010 the modified guide vanes were - now by Andritz Hydro Ltd. - installed in all 4 units of the YiXing pumped storage plant and proved to be successful in eliminating the vibration problems. Opening and closing sequences of the guide vanes - including pump start from closed guide vanes and transition from pump to synchronous condenser operation - could be implemented as required by the contract.

  10. Dying Hunters, Poison Plants, and Mute Slaves-Nature and Tradition in Contemporary Nuosu Yi Poetry

    Mark Bender


    Full Text Available Themes of nature and traditional culture are common in the works of ethnic poets from a subgroup of the large Yi ethnic group of southwest China known as the Nuosu. Nuosu culture is synonymous with the Liangshan Mountains of southern Sichuan Province. Since the 1980s several dozen Nuosu poets have emerged to form what can be called the 'Liangshan School' of contemporary Chinese poetry. Drawing on theory from Ethnopoetics, Ecoliterature, and Folkloristics the paper introduces major themes in the works of these Nuosu poets and introduces poems by three poets who distinctly utilize nature imagery from a common pool of Yi cultural traditions. These traditions include oral literature, ritual, folk costume, and traditional ideas about social hierarchy and gender relations. Much of the nature imagery is related to folk knowledge of native animals and plants. A major theme in the poetry is the response to changes in tradition and the local environment brought about by rapid growth and development in China.

  11. An exposition of Zhou YI studios in modem Neo-Confucianism


    The representatives of modern Neo-Confucianism all greatly value Yi Zhuan and regard it as one of their spiritual resources,and give their own creative interpretations and transformations.Xiong Shili's ontological-cosmological theory takes "qian yuan" as its center;Ma Yifu has a theory of ontology-cultivation centered on "nature-principle";Fang Dongmei has a metaphysics of production and reproduction;Mou Zongsan takes the view of "completely knowing the fathomless and understanding transformation" as a moral metaphysics;and in Tang Junyi there is a theory of the harmony of doctrines on Heaven and man in which "the knowledge of divine understanding" is its key concept.They employ modern philosophical concepts and thinking to illustrate the cosmology,ontology,theory of life,theory of human nature,theory of spiritual worlds,axiology and their connections in Zhou Yi.They affirm that the characteristics of Chinese philosophy that are different from Western philosophy consist in a naturalist view of vital life,a harmonious view of totality,an axiological view that values exist in natural universe and the world of fact,the pursuit of Good and Beauty,and intuitive experience of inner world.

  12. Traditional Chinese medicine "Qing Yi Tang" alleviates oxygen free radical injury in acute necrotizing pancreatitis


    AIM To observe the changes in oxygen free radical (OFR) and the curative effect of traditional Chinese medicine "Qing Yi Tang" in acute necrotizing pancreatitis (ANP).METHODS After induction of ANP by injection of sodium taurocholate into pancreatic duct, 16 dogs were randomly divided into control group and Chinese medicine group. Serum amylase, SOD and MDA were determined on postoperative day 1, 2, 4 and 7. The animals were sacrificed on day 7. SOD and MDA in organs were determined, and pathological changes in pancreas were observed.RESULTS As compared with control group, the serum level of amylase (734U/L vs 2783U/L) and MDA (7.8nmol/ml vs 14.8nmol/ml) in Chinese medicine group were decreased on day 7 (P<0.05), while SOD increased significantly (281nU/ml vs 55nU/ml, P<0.01), and similar changes occurred in MDA and SOD in organs, especially in the pancreas; the pathological changes in the pancreas were alleviated as well.CONCLUSION "Qing Yi Tang" is effective in clearing OFRs and alleviating pathological changes in ANP.

  13. Forensic evaluation and population genetic study of 30 insertion/deletion polymorphisms in a Chinese Yi group.

    Zhang, Yu-Dang; Shen, Chun-Mei; Jin, Rui; Li, Ya-Ni; Wang, Bo; Ma, Li-Xia; Meng, Hao-Tian; Yan, Jiang-Wei; Dan Wang, Hong-; Yang, Ze-Long; Zhu, Bo-Feng


    Insertion/deletion polymorphisms have become a research hot spot in forensic science due to their tremendous potential in recent years. In the present study, we investigated 30 indel loci in a Chinese Yi ethnic group. The allele frequencies of the short allele of the 30 indel loci were in the range of 0.1025-0.9221. The power of discrimination values were observed ranging from to 0.2630 (HLD111 locus) to 0.6607 (HLD70 locus) and probability of exclusion values ranged from 0.0189 (HLD111 locus) to 0.2343 (HLD56 locus). The combined power of discrimination and power of exclusion for 30 loci in the studied Yi group were 0.99999999995713 and 0.97746, respectively, which showed tremendous potential for forensic personal identification in the Yi group. Moreover, the DA distances, phylogenetic tree, principal component analysis, and cluster analysis showed the Yi group had close genetic relationships with the Tibetan, South Korean, Chinese Han, and She groups.

  14. Effects of Capsule Yi -Zhi on learning and memory disorder and beta-amyloid peptide induced neurotoxicity in rats

    XUJiang-Ping; WUHang-Yu; LILin


    AIM To investigate the effects of Capsule Yi-Zhi (CYZ) on learning and memory disorder and beta-amyloid protein induced neurotoxieity in rats. Methods Various doses of CYZ were administered to Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats for 8 days, twice a day. Then scopolamine hydrobromide (Sco) intraperitoneal injection was performed on each rat and the

  15. Comparative Study on the Analgesic Effects of Different Moxibustion Methods with Tai-yi Moxa Stick in Treating Primary Dysmenorrhea

    Wu Jiu-long; Wang Yu-fan; Zhang Jian-bin; Wang Ling-ling; Chen Hong-yu; Tang Yi-chun; Ma Xiao-yu; Huan Jia-hui; Chen Ruo-yang; Mo Hui; Xu Xiu-zhu; Shen Xiao-jing


    Objective: To compare the therapeutic effects of two different moxibustion methods both with tai-yi moxa stick in treating primary dysmenorrhea. Methods: Forty-three patients were randomized into two groups by the random number table according to their treatment orders. The causalgic group was intervened by causalgic stimulation with tai-yi moxa stick while the tepid group was treated by mild thermal stimulation with tai-yi moxa stick. Shiqizhui (EX-B 8) was selected for both groups. Visual analogue scale (VAS) was used for observation before and during the treatment by every 10 min to compare the clinical efficacies between the two groups. Results: Before treatment, there was no statistically significant difference in pain intensity between the two groups (P>0.05). After treatment, both groups achieved significant improvements in pain intensity (P0.05), but the difference was enlarged comparing with that before treatment. The pain relief during the first 10 min of treatment was slower in the causalgic group than that in the tepid group. However, during the later 20 min, the pain relief in the calsalgia group gradually outpaced that in the tepid group. Conclusion: The two moxibustion methods with tai-yi moxa stick both have a good instant analgesic effect in treating primary dysmenorrhea. For patients with primary dysmenorrhea, if 30 min is regarded as the treatment time, mild stimulation was suggested to be used for the first 10 min, and causalgic stimulation for the later 20 min to achieve a better curative effect.

  16. Dr.CHEN Ying-yi's Experience in Treating Premature Ovarian Failure

    QIAN Hai-mo; FAN Xiao-yan; CHEN Ying-yi; WANG Xin-zhong


    @@ Dr.CHEN Ying-yi(陈颖异 1957-), female, chief physician, one of the forth-batch supervisors for the work of carrying on the academic experiences of the national veteran TCM experts.Dr.CHEN was once the student of the famous TCM professor HE Shao-shan, and has been engaged in TCM gynecology for more than 30 years, with more than30 essays published.She has taken charge of 5research subjects, of which 1 got the 3rd prize for the TCM scientific advance and creation of Zhejiang Province, 2 got the 3rd prize for Wenzhou municipal scientific advance, and 2 got the 2nd prize for Ruian municipal scientific advance.

  17. Tentative Analysis to Organizing the Stroke System of Yi Scripts--Taking Yi Scripts from Northwest Guizhou as Examples%试析彝文笔画系统的整理--以黔西北彝文为例



    彝文是彝族古老的文字,用彝文书写的经籍文献卷帙浩繁,但是,由于彝文古籍一向以钞本传承,没有统一的字形标准,传抄者对彝文笔画的书写随意性大,错字、别字、异体字十分泛滥,为彝文古籍整理带来极大的困难,严重阻碍了彝文的传承和发展。所以整理彝文,当从文字入手,而笔画是构成文字的最小单位。对传统彝文笔画的类型、特点、笔画顺序的书写规律进行初步的分析、归类和整理,为彝文整理、彝文教学以及彝文字形分析提供参考。%There are voluminous manuscripts written in Yi scripts, which is an indigenous writing system with a long history.However, Yi scripts used in these manuscripts are all hand-written without unified morpho-logical norms. When transcribing the classics, the inheritors changed the ways of writing strokes at will. As a result, wrongly-written characters, misused characters and characters borrowed for same pronunciations are all over the place,which cause huge difficulties in organizing ancient Yi manuscripts and finally impede the process of acquisition and development. Therefore, for the purpose of organizing Yi scripts, we should look at the characters,especially the strokes, which are the smallest building blocks in character-making. Through ini-tial analyzing,classifying and organizing,I hope to provide the categories, characteristics and writing sequence of Yi strokes, and contribute to various research areas from Yi scripts organizing, teaching and font analysis.

  18. Effects of Compound Yi-Zhi on D-galactose-induced learning and memory deficits in mice

    XUJiang-Ping; WUHang-Yu; LILin


    AIM: To explore the effects of Compound Yi-Zhi (YZC) on learning and memory capacity and free radical metabolism in D-galactose induced mice dementia model. METHODS: The mice dementia model was induced by a daily D-galactose 0.15g/kg sc for 45 days and after 5 days'D-galactose injection, the mice were treated with three doses of YZC

  19. Correlation between renin-angiotensin system gene polymorphisms and essential hypertension in the Chinese Yi ethnic group.

    Yang, Yu-Ling; Mo, Yan-Ping; He, Yong-Shu; Yang, Fang; Xu, Yan; Li, Cheng-Cheng; Wang, Jiao; Reng, Hao-Ming; Long, Li


    The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) has been considered to play an important role in the regulation of blood pressure. This study aimed to investigate the correlation between RAS gene polymorphisms and essential hypertension (EH) in the Chinese Yi ethnic group. A total of 244 EH subjects and 185 normotensive individuals from the Chinese Yi ethnic group were genotyped for AGT M235T (rs699), AT1R A1166C (rs5186), ACE I/D (rs4340) and ACE G2350A (rs4343) polymorphisms by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) method. Significant differences in the allele and genotype frequency of ACE G2350A were observed between the EH cases and controls (p=0.001, 0.002). After being grouped by gender, significant differences in the allele and genotype frequency of ACE G2350A and AT1R A1166C were observed between females of the EH cases and controls (ACE G2350A: p=0.000, 0.002; AT1R A1166C: p=0.008, 0.011). After excluding the influence of multifactorial interactions, the ACE G2350A polymorphism is significantly associated with the pathogenesis of EH in the Chinese Yi ethnic group (odds ratio (OR)=1.656, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.807-2.524, p=0.019). The RAS-related ACE G2350A polymorphism is associated with the pathogenesis of EH in the Chinese Yi ethnic group. © The Author(s) 2015.

  20. Genetic analysis of 15 mtDNA SNP loci in Chinese Yi ethnic group using SNaPshot minisequencing.

    Hu, Chun-Ting; Yan, Jiang-Wei; Chen, Feng; Zhang, Qing-Xia; Wang, Hong-Dan; Yin, Cai-Yong; Fan, Han-Ting; Hu, Ling-Li; Shen, Chun-Mei; Meng, Hao-Tian; Zhang, Yu-Dang; Wang, Hui; Zhu, Bo-Feng


    SNaPshot minisequencing is a rapid and robust methodology based on a single base extension with a labeled ddNTP. The present study detected 15 selected SNPs in the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) control and coding regions by minisequencing methodology using SNaPshot for forensic purpose. The samples were collected from 99 unrelated individuals of the Yi ethnic minority group in Yunnan Province. We have predominantly found high-frequency transitions (91.7%) and a significantly lower frequency of transversions (8.3%). The nt152, 489, 8701, 10,398, 16,183, and 16,362 loci were highly polymorphic, while the nt231, 473 and 581 loci were not polymorphic in the studied population. Based on these 15 SNPs, a total of 28 mtDNA haplotypes were defined in 99 individuals with the haplotype diversity of 0.9136. Also, we compared the mtDNA sequences of Yi group and other 9 populations worldwide and drew a Neighbor-Joining tree based on the shared 12 mtDNA SNP loci, which demonstrated a close relationship between Yi and Bai groups. In conclusion, the analysis of the 15 selected SNPs increases considerably the discrimination power of mtDNA. Moreover, the SNaPshot minisequencing method could quickly detect mtDNA SNPs, and is economical and sensitive. The set of selected 15 SNPs is highly informative and is capable for anthropology genetic analysis. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  1. 德国文学里的侨易现象及侨易空间的形成%The Formation of Qiao-yi-phenomenon and Qiao-yi-space in German Literature



    A review of German literature and intellectual history from the perspective of qiaoyi is composed of three levels.The first level is to investigate the image-qiao-yi reflected in the works, including William Masters'learning and wandering era,the Green Henry and the young Werther.The second level is the geographic qiao-yi experience of the authors and even their qiao-yi characteristics such as spiritual wandering,learning while playing and field game.Of this level,Goethe is a representative due to the relationship between the formation of his early ideas and the university system,his association and progress with other celebrities in youth as well as the creative inspiration extracted from oriental literature in his later years.The third level is the civilization thinking based upon transcultural exchange.For instance,by studying the canons and authors we can explore the process and paradigms of multi-cultural interaction of the formation of world civilization.According to the theoretical level of qiao-yiology,the construction of qiao-yi-phenomenon and qiao-yi-space requires an integral field space structure composed of more complicated and dense core concepts. Besides the qiao-yi body,there are the qiao-yi route,qiao-yi condition as well as qiao-yi context (both out and in ) interacting with each other, because qiao-yi happens not because of single dimensional factors, but as a result of the combined function of comprehensive forces. The significance of qiao-yi thinking lies in the openness of the rigid dimension of thinking space.The framework of three-dimensions inclusive of dual structure can help us analyze problems from the integral perspective of liquidity,constancy,mutuality as well as originality.%以侨易视域重审德国文学史和思想史可分为三个层次:第一层次,是考察作品本身反映的意象侨易,诸如《威廉·麦斯特的学习时代》、《威廉·麦斯特的漫游年代》、《绿衣亨利》、《少年维特之烦

  2. 彝族火崇拜文化%Fire Rituals Culture of Yi People



    火是彝族一个重要的自然崇拜对象。自从火在生活中产生非凡的作用,人们对火更加深了神奇之感。特别是对于已产生各种巫术观念和宗教信仰的人类来说,火不仅仅是一种人们在现实生活中离不开的自然力,而且是人们心目中的一种神异的灵物。火神也随之登上神坛,并产生了很多敬火、祭火及祭火神、送火鬼习俗。%The fire is an important natural ritual object of Yi people.From the time of fire plying the uncommon effect in life of people,people increase the magical feeling to it.Especial for human being with kinds of witchcraft conceptions and religious belief,the fire is not only a necessary natural force for the real life of people,but also a supernatural thing in the mind of people.The god of fire mounts the altar,the customs of respect for fire,sacrifice for fire,sacrifice for god of fire and sending the ghost of fire come into being.

  3. East vergent structure of Backbone Range: Insights from A-Lan-Yi area and sandbox modeling

    Lee, C. A.; Lu, C. Y.


    Southern Taiwan, including Pingtung peninsula and Taitung, is the incipient oblique collision zone of Eurasian plate and Philippine Sea plate. The Luzon volcanic arc converged toward Taiwan Island and formed Hengchun Ridge south offshore Taiwan. Thus, Taiwan mountain belt developed from north to south as the Backbone Range, so that we can infer the incipient feature structure from the topography and outcrop study of southern Taiwan. Our field survey of this study concentrated at the southeast coastline of Taiwan, also known as A-Lan-Yi Trail. According to previous study, the deformational structures such as faults and folds are consistent with regional kinematic processes, and the preserved transpression structure is the most important evidence of incipient collision. In this study, we use the sedimentary sequences of study area to trace the regional tectonics from north to south. Discovered structures in this area show the similar kinematic history as the eastern flank of Backbone Range, so that we suggest they are at the same series of a tectonic event. To complete the regional structure mapping in this accessible area, besides the field geological data, we also applied the LiDAR-derived DTM which is a 3D visualization technology to improve our topography information. In addition, we use the sandbox modeling to demonstrate the development of structures in the eastern flank of Backbone Range. After combining the results of field observation and regional structure mapping, this study provides a strong evidence of backthrusting and backfolding deformation during the incipient oblique collision stage.

  4. 东汉道教易学的形成和发展%The Formation and Development of Taoist Yi-ology in the Late Eastern Han Dynasty

    张涛; 王荣优


    东汉后期,政治腐败,社会黑暗.伴随着日益严重的社会危机.道教迅速形成并发展起来.和作为易道融合的典范,十分重视借鉴易学思想构建其道教理论.继承和发挥之道,提出了一系列易学思想,形成了独具特色的道教易学,同时对易学的转型和发展也起到了积极的推动作用.%In the late stage of Eastern Han Dynasty, the society was in the darkness. Accompanied by an increasingly serious social crisis,Taoism rapidly formed and developed. As a model for integration of Yi-ology and Taoism, Taipingjing and Zhouyi Cantongqi attached great importance to learn Yi-ology to build their idea of Taoism theory. They inherited and exerted Yi-ology,formatted a series of unique idea of Taoist Yi-ology. And from another point of view, it was one of the important strength which promoted the progress of Yi-ology.

  5. YI Kwang Su's Love and history records of modern hospital under the japanese colonial period.

    Lee, Byoung Hoon


    This article aims to evaluate and analyze the description of the modern hospital as history record, which appeared in YI Kwang Su's novel Love. This novel has mentioned in detail western style clinic, Bukgando Catholic hospital, tuberculosis sanitarium as its main space. Modern hospitals are depicted in the novel has a great significance in historical aspect as well as in literary aspect. The most data on modern hospital is laws, statistics and newspaper archives. These materials are a great help to understand the history and status of the modern hospital. Literary description here is important materials, that specific to reconstruct the appearance of the modern hospital at that time. Literary representations infuse life into the history record. In this regard, Love has special meaning in the history of Korean modern literature. Before anything else, doctor AN Bin's clinic as a first space of the novel vividly shows the reality of the Western style clinic and a general practitioner under the colonial period. The establishment of the hospital was based on 「Rules on private hospital」 declared by the Japanese Government General of Korea in 1919. According to this Rules, a private clinic's founder had to submit the documents to the director of police affairs, in which all the details were written. It included name of hospital, site location and size, floor plan of a nearby building, each size of patient's rooms, number of steps and emergency exit, bath, toilet, disinfecting room. AN Bin's clinic was a private hospital with the requirements in the rules. The descriptions of this clinic re-created real situation of private hospitals, specifically scale of hospital, interior space, conditions of patient's room at the time. The second modern hospital in the novel is Bukgando Catholic hospital. There is a lot more materials on medical activity and hospital of protestant churches than we thought. But we do not have a lot of information on catholic church's medical

  6. Partial AZFc duplications not deletions are associated with male infertility in the Yi population of Yunnan Province, China

    Jun-jie YE; Li MA; Li-juan YANG; Jin-huan WANG; Yue-li WANG; Hai GUO; Ning GONG


    There are many reports on associations between spermatogenesis and partial azoospermia factor c (AZFc) deletions as well as duplications; however,results are conflicting,possibly due to differences in methodology and ethnic background.The purpose of this study is to investigate the association of AZFc polymorphisms and male infertility in the Yi ethnic population,residents within Yunnan Province,China.Methods:A total of 224 infertile patients and 153 fertile subjects were selected in the Yi ethnic population.The study was performed by sequence-tagged site plus/minus (STS+/-) analysis followed by gene dosage and gone copy definition analysis.Y haplotypes of 215 cases and 115 controls were defined by 12 binary markers using single nucleotide polymorphism on Y chromosome (Y-SNP) multiplex assays based on single base primer extension technology.Results:The distribution of Y haplotypes was not significantly different between the case and control groups.The frequencies of both gr/gr (7.6% vs.8.5%) and b2/b3 (6.3% vs.8.5%) deletions do not show significant differences.Similarly,single nucleotide variant (SNV) analysis shows no significant difference of gene copy definition between the cases and controls.However,the frequency of partial duplications in the infertile group (4.0%) is significantly higher than that in the control group (0.7%).Further,we found a case with sY1206 deletion which had two CDY1 copies but removed half of DAZ genes.Conclusions:Our results show that male infertility is associated with partial AZFc duplications,but neither gr/gr nor b2/b3 deletions,suggesting that partial AZFc duplications rather than deletions are risk factors for male infertility in Chinese-Yi population.

  7. Regional Studies:External Cognition and Emphasizing Subjectiveness:Taking the Tibetan-Qiang-Yi Corridor as an Example

    Zhang Xi


    The“Tibetan -Yi corridor”is a concept constructed by FeiXiaotong and empha-sized by him during the late 1970s and 1980s. In 2011 ,it was replaced with“Tibetan-Qiang-Yi corridor”,a concept which is regarded to conform more to the historical reality. Actually,the earliest research on ethnic corridors largely relied on the earlier research of foreign missionaries who preached their religion in the western part of Si-chuan. It could be said that the missionaries’ re-search on the Qiang opened up the research of the ethnic corridor ,and gradually expanded it to the entire area of western China. Due to the efforts of the missionaries,who received the western formal academic training,there was research that went beyond the study of the feudal dynasties of China to the ethnic minority areas. Since the 1930s,follow-ing the research trends of“the frontier science”( bianjiangxue)and“the frontier political studies”( bianzhengxue),and with China’s local intellectu-al elites’ following up,and especially with the in-vestigations and research findings of the scholars from West China Union University and the Frontier Research Society,the external contours and the knowledge on the internal society,history,cul-ture,and language of the“Tibetan -Qiang -Yi corridor”deepened. These concepts and research results all came from outside the corridor while the society and culture from inside the corridor only provided research data.

  8. Study on excitation of the two-tone acoustic characteristic of the chime bell of Marquis Yi of Zeng by finite element method

    ZHANG Huai; YAN ZhenZhen; YANG ChangChun; SHI YaoLin


    The bronze chime bells of Marquis Yi of Zeng are precious cultural relics of China.The bells have a two-tone acoustic characteristic, i.e., striking different parts of the bell generates different tones.In this study, we use a finite element method to simulate the propagation of elastic waves and the generation of free oscillations of the bell.Vibrations with different spectral characteristics can be obtained by striking different parts of the chime bell of Marquis Yi of Zeng.By the observation of the vibration design and through spectral analysis, we further help the understanding of the two-tone acoustic characteristic of the chime bell of Marquis Yi of Zeng.

  9. 熊、唐、牟论意分疏%Xiong Shili, Tang Junyi and Mou Zongsan’s Discussion on yi



    提20世纪中叶,熊十力、唐君毅和牟宗三等新儒家学者集中讨论了《大学》“诚意”的解释问题,推进了宋明理学关于诚意问题的探讨。熊十力对于诚意的解释基本从阳明“身之主宰便是心,心之所发便是意,意之本体便是知”发展出他的“知体意用”论,并界定“意”为只能为善,不能为恶,去除了阳明“意”之恶的一面。牟宗三介于熊十力和唐君毅之间,他的意论以阳明学的立场、对形上形下的区隔和反情识的态度都继承了乃师的观点,而对于知、意、物的关系问题,念的问题等则有独特见解,构成自己的理论体系。唐君毅在乃师的基础上观点有所保留,他特重从工夫的方面客观梳理“意”概念在宋明理学中的发展,比较赞同蕺山的“诚意”说,并着力解释蕺山情意互释的部分,修正熊十力的观点。%In the mid-twentieth century, a discussion between several Neo-Confucianism scholars Xiong Shili, Tang Junyi and Mou Zongsan fo-cused on the interpretation of making the will authentic or sincere ( cheng-yi) of the Great Learning ( Daxue) , which deepened the disscussion about cheng-yi from Song to ming Dynasty.Xiong’s interpretation of cheng-yi based upon Wang Yangming’s doctrine ”the master of body is heart and mind ( xin) , the stirrings of heart and mind are yi, the substance of yi is con-science ( zhi)”, and developed the thought of“conscience is substance and yi is function” ( zhi-ti yi-yong) .Furthermore, he defined will ( yi) as what can only do good and can not do evil, thus removed the evil side from the meaning of Wang Yangming’s concept of yi.Mou’s viewpoint is between those of Xiong and Tang.He inherited his mentor Xiong’s learning from the aspects of keeping proposition based on the position of Wang Yangming, diferentiating metaphsics and immetaphysics and opposing the importance of emotions ( qing) , while he

  10. [Effects of nao yi-an granule on hemorheological indexes and RCD (erythrocyte deformability) in patients with hemorrhagic stroke].

    Liang, Q; Li, X; Zhang, H


    The effects of Nao Yi-an granule(Chinese medicine group, CMG) and western medicine (western medicine group, WMG) on hemorheological indexes and red cell deformability(RCD) were investigated in 40 patients with hemorrhagic stroke. The results showed that whole blood relative viscosity(high and low shear), whole blood reduced viscosity(high shear), plasma relative viscosity and RCD were significantly elevated before the treatment in both group than those of the control group(P RCD, improvement of blood perfusion of brain tissue, protection of brain tissue and improved clinical in patients with hemorrhagic stroke.

  11. 云南彝族体育舞蹈浅论%On Yunnan Yi Ethnic Sports Dance



    This paper use of literature,comparative law,logic analysis,Yi DanceSport defined based on the characteristics of trends range of issues were discussed,from the history,religion,folk tales and legends vision.The research thinks that: Closely integrated with the traditional art,the original religious influence and in the original religious festival with traditional folk heritage is the Yi DanceSport two prominent characteristics;the Yi Dance Sport from the original religion of utilitarian transcend yourself,breaking amuse,worship of false imprisonment,back to myself and others,the normal track of entertaining people,the future is bound to evolve to a higher level of fitness,athletics,art;accompanied Yi Dance Sport benign,there are also a series of problems to be solved.%文章运用文献资料法、比较法、逻辑分析法等,从历史学、宗教学及民间故事与传说视野,对彝族体育舞蹈的界定依据、特点、发展趋势等系列问题进行了探讨。研究认为:与传统文艺紧密结合、受原始宗教影响并在原始宗教祭祀活动与传统民俗中传承是彝族体育舞蹈的两大突出特点;彝族体育舞蹈已从原始宗教的功利中超脱出来,冲破娱神、祭祀的禁锢,重新回到自娱、娱人的正常轨道,未来必将向健身、竞技、艺术的更高层次演进;伴随着彝族体育舞蹈的良性发展,也存在着一系列亟待解决的问题。

  12. On 't Hooft-Polyakov Monopole, Julia-Zee Dyon, and Higgs Field, throughout the Generalized Bogomoln'yi Equations

    Glinka, Lukasz Andrzej


    In this paper, making use of the 't Hooft-Polyakov-Julia-Zee ansatz for the SU(2) Yang-Mills-Higgs gauge field theory, we present the straightforward generalization of the Bogomoln'yi equations and its several consequences. Particularly, this is shown that this idea is able to generate new types of non-abelian both dyons and magnetic monopoles and, moreover, that within the new model the scalar field can be described through the Coulomb potential, whereas, up to a constant, the non-abelian gauge field becomes the Wu-Yang monopole.

  13. 彝文文献记载的云南西部彝族谱系%The Pedigree of Yi People in West of Yunnan Province Recorded in Yi Language Document

    王继超; 王明贵; 王明亮


    在云南省的西部,从商周到秦汉时期,活动着一个起源于什勺氏,而彝文献称之为“蒙确舍”彝族先民的集团,称作“格沓部”的哀牢九夷是其中的重要组成部分之一。什勺、米靡、武僰氏祖的加入“,六祖”系各支的汇入,使这一族群集团愈发壮大,为后来的南诏统一祖国的西南边陲奠定了坚实的基础。%In west of Yunnan, from Shang-zhou to Qin-han period, there live an ancestor group of Yi peo⁃ple originated from Shishao family as called Mengqueshe in Yi language document, Ailaojiuyi as called Geta tribe is one of the important parts.With the joining of Shishao, Mimi and the ancestor of Wubo family and com⁃bination of the branches of the Six ancestors, this group becomes bigger and bigger, establishing a stable foun⁃dation for the unification of southwest border by the latter Nanzhao.

  14. The Power of the Yi’ s Traditional Custom-Belief and Environmental Protection in the Yi Area

    LUO Qu


    The folk customs of an ethnic group are their living and spiritual culture which were created , inherited , and enjoyed by genera-tions of that group .It has a function in the educa-tion, norms , unity, regulations, aesthetics, etc. of the group .The function of regulations is reflec-ted in three aspects:1 ) regulating the relations of human beings; 2 ) regulating individual psychol-ogy; and 3 ) regulating the relations between man and nature .Seen from the perspective of current environmental protection , the most important con-tent found in the regulations of the relations be-tween the man and nature is protecting the environ-ment through specific behavior , and promoting the importance of environmental protection through specific behavior or public form . Many ethnic groups in the world have flood myths.There are many reasons for the creation of flood myths .However , one aspect is clear - the cause of the flood reflects a kind of concept linked with the culture of man .For example , the cause of the flood in the Bible was that God saw that mankind lost its morality and people did not re-ceive him kindly .The causes of the flood myth a-mong the various Yi branches are different .Among them one cause was that humans reclaimed land excessively, therefore, the leader of the heavenly deities created a flood to punish them .For exam-ple, the flood myth popular in the Yi area of Guizhou connects the cause and effect of the peo-ple’ s intensive farming with the flood .If we in-terpret this myth within the context of environmen-tal protection , we will reach a different conclusion which goes beyond its former meaning . In the Yi’ s traditional society , in addition to the education of environmental protection in the form of literature , there are also rituals which play a function in environmental protection .Seen from xinan yizhi ( Southwest Yi History ) and a large number of ancient Yi classics , as well as the folk-lore among the Yi society , there are a lot of

  15. 论谭毅诗歌的拓扑学结构%On the Topology of Tan Yi's Poems



    谭毅的诗歌写作与国内当代女性诗歌写作有着极为鲜明的差异,其诗歌的重心一是致力于绘制“家族记忆”的拓扑学,以实现对当前场所精神沦丧的思考,二是致力于进行“语言”的拓扑学实验,以拓展诗歌写作的界域。用“拓扑学”的概念来从家族、记忆和语言三个方面分析谭毅的诗歌,乃是查看此种写作路向为当下诗歌写作提供的可能性以及潜在的问题。%Tan Yi's poetry writing has a very distinct difference with other contemporary female's. On one hand, she is committed to drawing the topology of family-memory for thinking about the lost of genius loci, on the other hand, she is committed to exploring the topology of language for expanding the precincts of writing. In the paper, using the concept of "topology" to analyze Tan Yi's poem from family, memory and language, to understand the value of her writing will be my motivation,also think about the problems that may exist.

  16. 诺苏彝语双音节长音合成词%Su Yi language double syllable long words



    诺苏彝语(彝语北部方言)中有一种语音、构词和语义都有别于一般双音节动词、名词和形容词的双音节长音合成动词、名词和形容词;而以往的诺苏彝语研究根本没有重视对这些双音节长音合成词的研究,本论文深入研究双音节长音合成动词、名词、形容词的语音、构词及其语义。%Yi in the northern dialect has a voice, word formation and semantics are different from general double syllable verbs, nouns and adjectives of double syllable long sound synthesis of verbs, nouns and adjectives;Past of Su Yi language study didn't pay attention to the study of the double syllable words long notes, this thesis further study of double syllable long sound synthesis of verbs, nouns, adjectives pronunciation, word formation and semantics.

  17. 王安忆的女性主义建构策略%Wang An-yi feminist construct strategies



    随着女性主义理论在中国的传播与发展,以王安忆为代表的一大批女性作家用自己的作品来表达她们对女性主义的认识和感知.本文就以王安忆的创作为例,从她对女性主义的建构策略来探究她在创作过程中对女性主义理论的利用和摒弃.%With the spread of feminist theory and development in China, Wang An-yi, represented by a large number of women writers with their works to express their feminist awareness and perception. This paper focuses on the creation of Wang An-yi, for example, from her feminist construct strategies to explore her use of feminist theory and abandoned in the creative process.

  18. 彝族创世史诗《勒俄特衣》中的朴素唯物主义思想*--兼谈与西方宗教经典《圣经》的比较%The Simple Materialism in Le’e TeYi--the Creation Epic of Yi Nationality--And the Discussion on the Comparison between Le’e Te Yi and the Western Religious Classics--Bible



    大凡历史悠久的民族都有自己的民族原创的以口传或者文本的形式叙述的关于宇宙和人类起源的创世史诗。彝族先民以口传勒俄的形式阐释了自己对宇宙万物产生、人类起源的看法,其中无不包含彝族先民朴素的唯物主义思想,这种宇宙观对彝族人世界观的形成和方法论的运用具有深远的影响。%Every nationality that has a long history has its own creation epic which narrated about the origin of the cosmos and human in oral or written way. The ancestors of Yi people explained their ideas about the origin of the cosmos and human in Le’eTeYi in oral way, in which there was simple materialism of the ancestors of Yi people. This kind of cosmology has a deep effect on the formation of the world outlook and the utilization of the methodology of Yi people.

  19. Effects of alcohol consumption and other lifestyle behaviors on blood pressure for the middle-aged and elderly in the Guangxi Hei Yi Zhuang and Han populations.

    Yin, Ruixing; Li, Hui; Wu, Jinzhen; Lin, Weixiong; Yang, Dezhai; Pan, Shangling; Huang, Jiandong; Long, Xiuyan


    Han is the largest group and Zhuang is the largest minority among the 56 ethnic groups in China. Geographically and linguistically, Zhuang can be classified into 43 ethnic subgroups, in which Hei Yi Zhuang is proved to be the most conservative subgroup. Little is known about the relationship between alcohol consumption and blood pressure levels in this population. Therefore, the present study was undertaken to compare the effects of alcohol consumption and other lifestyle behaviors on blood pressure levels for the middle-aged and elderly in the Guangxi Hei Yi Zhuang and Han populations. A total of 657 subjects of Hei Yi Zhuang aged 40 and older were surveyed by a stratified randomized cluster sampling. Information on demography, diet, and other lifestyle factors was collected by standard questionnaires. Anthropometric parameters and serum lipid levels were also obtained in all subjects. The results were compared with those in 520 participants of Han Chinese from the same region. The levels of systolic blood pressure and pulse pressure in Hei Yi Zhuang were higher than those in Han (P sodium intake, educational level, physical activity, and even genetic factors.

  20. A study of the correlation between physical activities and ancient Yi characters%身体活动与古彝文字的相关性研究



    应用人类学研究的大小传统感通思维方式,从古彝文字中筛选出24个与身体活动相关的文字,提炼出古彝文字中的身体活动元素。研究认为:古彝文字蕴含着彝族尚武民族性格气质特征、彝族个体身体活动式样、人畜和谐共有的运动式样、毕摩作毕时对身体关怀的“显隐”身体活动文化内涵、原生态竞技游艺元素、教育传承元素。身体活动不仅对人类文化和文明具有重要的语言和思想传承属性,也对文字的形成具有重要的认知特征。%By applying traditional magnitude perception thinking mode used in anthropological study, the author screened out 24 physical activity related characters from ancient Yi characters, extracted physical activity ele-ments in ancient Yi characters, and put forward the following opinions: ancient Yi characters contain the charac-teristics of martial temperament of the Yi nationality, patterns of individual physical activities of the Yi national-ity, patterns of movement harmoniously own by human beings and animals, cultural connotations of “implicit” physical activities in Bimozuobi’s care for the human body, original ecological competition and game elements, and education inheritance elements; physical activities are provided not only with important language and thought inheritance attributes for human culture and civilization, but also with important cognitive characteristics for character formation.

  1. The Plan of Building the Yi River Wetland in Linyi%沂河湿地规划设计初探

    王媛媛; 陆发利; 令狐荣钢; 班誉峰; 陈雪


    沂河纵贯临沂全境,湿地资源丰富,总面积达1.33万hm2.以建设大沂河湿地保护区为总体目标,沿河梯次设立湿地公园,全面加强沂河湿地生物多样性保护,维护湿地生态系统的生态特性和基本功能,保持和最大限度地发挥沂河湿地生态系统的各种功能和效益,力争使大沂河湿地最终以生态沂河湿地、人文沂河湿地、科普沂河湿地的面貌成为临沂大地又一靓丽的城市名片.%Linyi has a lot of wetlands, amount to 13 300 ha,because Yi River runs through in the region. The overall goal is to establish a large Yi River wetland reserve, wetland parks will be built a( different locations along the river, biodiversity conservation in Yi River wetland will be strengthened, (he ecological characteristics of wetland ecosystem and basic functionalities will be maintained to maximize various functions and benefits of the wetland ecosystem Yi River, making the large Yi River wetland as a name card of the city for its ecological function, humanities and science education.

  2. 楚雄彝族情歌的音乐形态探析%Analysis on the Music Form of Love Songs of Yi Nationality in Chuxiong



    一直以来,人们对彝族民歌的研究从来没有中断过,在民歌的众多题材中,情歌独具魅力.楚雄彝族情歌是反映楚雄彝族青年男女爱情观的重要实体,也是彝族文化的重要组成部分,通过对上百首楚雄彝族情歌的收集与整理,在曲式结构、调式调性、旋线旋法、节奏节拍和唱词唱腔方面进行音乐形态分析,发现该歌种兼具南北方音乐的特色,在少数民族音乐中独树一帜,值得音乐工作者传承与借鉴.%Scholars have been studying the Yi people's folk songs in recent years. Love songs are very attractive among many themes of folk songs. Love songs of Yi in Chuxiong are a reflection of young men and women's vision of love, as well as are an important part of the culture of the Yi nationality. By collecting and collating hundreds of love songs of Yi in Chuxiong and analyzing love songs' the music form in aspects of musical structure, mode, tonality, beat, rhythm, lyrics and singings, the author has found the music style enjoy both music characters in north and south. The music style of love songs of Yi in Chuxiong is very special in a variety of ethnic music, which possesses great value of inheritance and reference for musicians.

  3. 说"差一点摔倒"和"差一点没摔倒"同义的缘由%On the Synonymy of"cha yi dian shuai dao"and"cha yi dian mei shuai dao"



    该文试从语义-语用的交界面上来探讨现代汉语"差一点摔倒"和"差一点没摔倒"这两个表达为同义的缘由,尝试从语言学的角度对语言现象做出有效解释.该文采用Christopher Kennedy(2002)提出的基于英语语言现象的模糊形容词语义理论,根据类似的词汇语义特点将"及格"和"摔倒"分别类比处理成相对可分级的动词短语(Relative gradable verbal phrase)和绝对可分级的动词短语(Absolute gradable verbal phrase),再试用研究形容词的模糊形容词语义理论来解释一些特殊的动词语义现象.%This paper tries to explore why"cha yi dian shuai dao"and"cha yi dian mei shuai dao"these two Chinese expressions are synonymous from the interface of semantics and pragmatics, attempting to make effective explanation for some language phe-nomenon from the perspective of linguistics. This paper adopts the fuzzy adjectives semantic theory based on English language phe-nomenon proposed by Christopher Kennedy in 2002. After analogizing"ji ge"/"shuai dao"to"relative gradable verbal phrase"/"absolute gradable verbal phrase"respectively according to similar lexical semantic characteristics, this paper then try to explain some special verbal semantic phenomenon by using the fuzzy adjectives semantic theory

  4. 杨亿及其昆体四六%Yang Yi and His Xikun Style Parallel Prose



      杨亿和西昆体是宋代文学史上有分量的文学人物和有地位的文学流派。作为昆体四六的代表人物,杨亿奉行追述三代之风,归正汉唐雅正之气的四六文创作宗旨,其四六文创作的做法是“凡文皆骈”,其四六文显著特点是用典繁密精当、用语绘藻雕章。昆体四六承上启下,在北宋诗文革新运动中起到了先行的作用,为其后宋体四六的定型打下了坚实的基础。%Yang Yi and the xikun style are a significant individual and a prominent literary form respec‐tively in the literary history of the Song Dynasty .As a representative figure of xikun style parallel prose , Yang Yi followed parallel composition after the spirit of the three ancient dynasties (Xia ,Shang ,and Zhou) ,and returned the genre to the moral uprightness which the prose had in Han and Tang dynasties . His method of composing “four‐six”parallel prose was “Do all composition in parallel forms” .His parallel prose is characterized by dense and precise classical allusions ,with florid and ornate language .X ikun style parallel prose was a transitional form :it acted as a forerunner of the literary reform movements in the Northern Song Dynasty ,and established a firm basis for the finalization of the later Song dynasty parallel forms .

  5. YI Suki's Yŏksimanpil and the Professional Identity of a Chung'in Medical Official in Eighteenth Century Chosŏn Korea.

    Yi, Kiebok


    About one hundred years after the publication of Tongŭibogam (1613), a physician at the court YI Suki (1664-?) wrote a medical manuscript titled Yŏksimanpil (Miscellaneous Jottings on Medical Experiences and Tests, 1734). As indicated in its title, Yŏksimanpil was a medical essay composed of 130 medical case histories, drawing on what YI Suki himself had experienced in his medical practices. This paper examines the messages YI Suki in Yŏksimanpil tried to address to his fellow Korean doctors, and by doing so illuminates an aspect of the medicine in the late Chosŏn period. The argument goes that YI Suki wrote Yŏksimanpil as a vehicle for promulgating his professional identity as a bureaucratic physician who belonged to the network of the chung'in technical officials-a group of government technical functionaries in late Chosŏn Korea. Throughout the late Chosŏn period, the chung'in technical officials had been discriminated, institutionally and socioculturally, against the yangban literati, while their promotion to honored higher positions was blocked. It was in the late 17th and early 18th century that a group of chung'in officials tried to secure their sociocultural places for their professional activity, thus bringing to light their social and professional identity in Chosŏn society. A member of the network of the chung'in technical officials in the early 18th century, YI Suki was in an effort to position himself as a doctor somewhere between the medical tradition and the Confucian literary tradition. In these sociocultural contexts, we can see more clearly what YI Suki tried to speak of in his book and the historical meaning of the medical writing Yŏksimanpil. First, the way he practiced medicine was testing and confirming what the received medical textbooks had asserted (Chŭnghŏmkobang). This style of practicing medicine could be viewed as a reflection of the comprehensivity trait of bureaucratic court physicians network YI Suki belonged to. Also this

  6. 论彝族婚姻中的身价费及其法律调适%The Yi People's Marriage Status Fee and Legal Adjustment



    彝族是中华民族最古老的民族之一,彝族文化为我国社会文化的多元化做出了巨大的贡献。其中婚姻文化是彝族文化的一大亮点,确有可圈可点之处,但也存在一些问题,其中身价费问题是核心,实质上买卖婚是私有制社会形态的产物,而身价费是买卖婚的重要标志。自从民主改革以来,特别是改革开放以来彝区社会形态已实现了历史性的飞跃,而彝族婚姻却没有走出买卖婚姻这个误区。彝区婚姻中的这种身价费与我国《婚姻法》有着诸多的冲突,应对其进行改良,使其朝着与现行法律相融合的方向演化。%Yi nationality is one of the oldest nation in China,and Yi culture made tremendous contribution to Chinese culture diversity.Of all marriage culture is a highlight of Yi culture,and indeed there are some questions.And marriage stats fee is the essence,and marriage is the product of private society,while marriage fee is an important symbol of trading marriage.Since the reform and opening up,the social form in Yi area has got historical leap,however,Yi marriage did not run out of this misunderstanding.The marriage fee in Yi marriage is of great conflict with Chinese marriage law,and we should reform it and enable it to evolve towards the modern law.

  7. Association of HLA-B Alleles With Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Infection in the Yi Ethnic Group in Sichuan Province



    Objective To determine the distribution of HLA-B alleles in the Chinese Yi ethnic group and its association with HIV infection. Methods One hundred and six unrelated healthy HIV negative and 73 HIV positive Chinese Yi ethnic individuals were typed by PCR-SSP. Results The frequency of alleles B*07, B*35, and B*46 were increased in HIV-1-positive subjects, whereas the alleles B*55, B*44 and B*78 were absent in the HIV-infected persons studied. The B*46 allele was present in a significantly higher gene frequency among HIV-1-positive individuals (P=0.02, OR=3.32, 95% CI=1.13-9.78) compared with control subjects. Conclusion HLA-B*46 may be associated with its susceptibility to HIV-1 infections.

  8. Study of Master Hong Yi's Ethical Thought of Buddhism%论弘一法师的佛教伦理思想



    The article discusses the basic content of Master Hong Yi' s ethical thought of Buddhism from four perspectives.And it points out that there are two features of this thought.One focuses on the Buddhist which is blended in the Confucian doctrine and the other on the deep belief of karma.Hence the realistic significance of Master Hong Yi' s ethical thought of Buddhism lies in the world harmony and individual moral nurture.%弘一法师的佛教伦理思想有两个特点:一是佛法为主,融合儒释;二是因果报应,深信不爽。其现实意义则在于世界和谐与个人德性修养。

  9. 彝语支民族尚火文化习俗%On Fire - Worship Custom of the Yi - Speaking Peoples



    彝语支民族与古代氐羌人有渊源关系。在上古汉文文献记载中其文化明显表现出崇拜火,这种崇拜火的文化现象后来在彝语支民族中反映在社会生活各个方面,火葬、火把节、火禁忌等都是彝语支民族的尚火文化习俗。%In history,the Yi - speaking peoples were related to the Diqiang people and Chinese histor-ical records show their culture was characterized by the fire worship,which has survived history and is still found in many aspects of different Yi - speaking peoples,such as funerals,festivals and taboos.

  10. 彝语南部方言纳苏话的词重叠%Nasu Words Reduplication of the Southern Dialect of Yi Language

    黄龙光; 杨晖


    彝语南部方言纳苏话存在大量的词重叠用法,主要有AA、AAB、ABB、ABA、AABB、ABAB、ABAC、ABCB及ABACC式等九种主要类型。作为一种超词结构,彝语南部方言纳苏话词重叠有调量作用,有时量或动量增加,程度加深,表褒义的情况,但也有更多的减量,表贬义。无论哪种情况,词重叠的灵活使用使彝语纳苏话表达更加形象生动,这可能源于彝族固有的诗意思维与诗化表达叙事传统,词重叠及其使用属于彝族诗体言语结构及其方式的一部分。%There are lots of words reduplication of the southern dialect of Yi language. They are mainly the followings nine types including AA, AAB, ABB, ABA, AABB, ABAB, ABAC, ABCB and ABACC. As an ultra word structure, Nasu words reduplication of the southern dialect of Yi language function as quantity change. Nasu words reduplication makes time and verbal quantity increase, the degree deepens and meanings commendatory, but more often it makes the quantity decrease and meanings derogatory. In either case, Nasu words reduplication makes their expression more vivid and live. This may be originated from Yi innate poetic thinking and poetic expressive narrative tradition. The reduplication belongs to a part of Yi poetic speech structure and mode.

  11. Assessment of effects of a formula used in the traditional Chinese medicine (Buzhong Yi Qi Wan) on the morphologic and osmotic fragility of red blood cells

    Tania S. Giani; Paoli,Severo de; Presta,Giuseppe A.; Adalgisa I. Maiworm; Santos-Filho, Sebastião D.; Fonseca,Adenilson S.; Bernardo-Filho, Mario


    Buzhong Yi Qi Wan (BYQW) is a combination of some medicinal herbs widely used in traditional Chinese medicine to treat blood, spleen and stomach disorders. Morphometric analysis and osmotic fragility assay have been used to evaluate changes on membrane integrity of red blood cells. The aim of this work was to evaluate the effect of an aqueous BYQW extract on the morphology and osmotic fragility of red blood cells. Blood samples were treated with BYQW extract, quantitative/qualitative morpholo...

  12. Study on the application of 3D modeling based on UAV photography in urban planning — Taking Yi Jiequ area in Du Jiangyan as an example

    Zhang, Bingshuang; Zhang, Lingqing


    This paper proposed a new technique combining UAV (unmanned aerial vehicle) with 3D (three-dimension) modeling to integrate and analyze a large amount of information and to guide urban planning. This paper expounded the status and methods of UAV applying to 3D modeling, verified the practical values of this technique and summarized the future development trend by taking Yi Jiequ area in Du Jiangyan as an example.

  13. Effect of Bu-Zhong-Yi-Qi-Tang on deficiency of N-glycan/nitric oxide and islet damage induced by streptozotocin in diabetic rats

    Xiao-Qiu Liu; Ling Wu; Xue-Jun Guo


    AIM: To investigate the effect of Bu-Zhong-Yi-Qi-Tang (Decoction for Reinforcing Middle Jiao and Replenishing Qi) on deficiency of N-glycan/nitric oxide (NO) and islet damage induced by injecting two medium doses of streptozotocin (STZ). METHODS: Diabetes was induced by intraperitoneal injection of STZ at 55 mg/kg on day 1 and day 8. Islet damage was evaluated using a scoring system. Nitrite, nitrate, α-mannosidase and amylase activities were measured by colorimetry. N-glycan patterns of amylase were determined with lectin [ConA, pisum sativum agglutinin (PSA), peanut agglutinin (PNA), and lens culinaris agglutinin (LCA)] affinity precipitation method. RESULTS: Severe islet necrosis and mild islet atrophy were observed in diabetic rats. The number and size of islets, the activities of α-mannosidase, amylase and nitrite were decreased, while the binding of PNA and LCA to amylase was increased. All of which were improved after treatment with Bu-Zhong-Yi-Qi-Tang. Islet damage was significantly correlated with nitrite, nitrate, α-mannosidase, amylase and the binding of LCA, PNA, and PSA to amylase. PNA, and PSA to amylase.CONCLUSION: STZ- induced i s let damage i s related to N-glycan def iciency in proteins by blocking α-mannosidase activity and no deficiency, accumulation of unfolded proteins, and endoplasmic reticulum stress and activation of cellular signals, all of which are improved after treatment with Bu-Zhong-Yi- Qi-Tang.

  14. A Biographical Sketch of Bo Yi who is Forefather of Qin People%秦人先祖伯益事迹考略

    雍际春; 王宏谋


    Bo Yi ,was also named as Da Fei after the myth bird worshipped in his tribal society .He is the forefather of the people surnamed Ying .Bo Yi lived through the three prehistoric dynasties of China :Yao , Shun and Yu ,while he only took office in the latter two dynasties as the official in charge of national re-sources management .During his lifetime ,he dedicated himself to the public works of water network con-trol ,and assisted Emperor Yu to appease the riots of San Miao tribes .Bo Yi specialized in fletching , schaft sinking and forecasting the harvest of the coming year .He advocated that the society be governed by the highest measure of law and morality ,and he supported the public policies catering for the needs of the rank and file .For his outstanding contribution ,Bo Yi was appointed as successor of Emperor Yu ,but he was murdered by Xia Qi ,a son of Yu .Bo Yi had three fieds :Fei ,Ying and Qin .Among them ,Fei was the place where his tribe originally inhabited .Ying was the fief which surnamed his people and Qin became the very land that the offspring of the Qin people thrived on .%伯益本名大费,为嬴姓之祖,其名号与本部族玄鸟崇拜有关。伯益历事尧、舜、禹三朝,事迹主要在舜、禹两朝。其事迹主要有佐禹平治水土,担任朕虞执掌山林川泽,佐禹平三苗之乱,长于占岁、凿井和造箭,提倡德治法度、主张勤政爱民等五个方面。伯益因功勋卓著而成为大禹选定的继承人,但后被大禹之子夏启所杀。伯益曾获三个封地:“费”为伯益固有居地,“嬴”乃伯益获姓受封之地,“秦”为最后所封之地。嬴秦先祖历史由伯益而展开。

  15. Design and Implementation of Yi Automatic Segmentation Technique in Computer%计算机彝文自动分词技术的设计研究



    The automatic word segmentation is an indispensable basic work of Yi language information processing, As long as Yi language information processing related to the retrieval, translation, syntactic a-nalysis , semantic analysis,it requires the use of word as basic unit. On this basis according to characteristics of Yi language,the automatic word segmentation standard and design of word vocabulary are described. The technology of automatic word segmentation is proposed, which based on established vocabulary of Yi language. The technology includes algorithm selection,system architecture,and implementation process. And sample tests are given,the accuracy rate and speed of word segmentation are quite satisfactory, Finally,on characteristics of Yi language and the difficulty of achieve automatic word segmentation is analyzed.%实现彝语文自动分词是计算机彝文信息处理中一项不可缺少的基础性工作,计算机彝文信息处理只要涉及到信息检索、机器翻译、语法分析、语义分析等方面的应用,就都需要以词为基本的处理单位.论文以彝语言的特点作为出发点,首先提出了计算机彝文分词规则与分词词表的设计思路,其次提出了实现计算机彝文自动分词技术的算法基础、系统结构,以及实现流程,而且进行了抽样测试,其分词的速度和准确率都比较高.论文最后根据彝语言的特点对实现计算机彝文自动分词的难点进行了分析.

  16. YiQiFuMai Powder Injection Ameliorates Cerebral Ischemia by Inhibiting Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress-Mediated Neuronal Apoptosis

    Guosheng Cao


    Full Text Available YiQiFuMai (YQFM powder injection as a modern preparation derived from Sheng Mai San, a traditional Chinese medicine, has been widely used in the treatment of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. However, its neuroprotective effect and underlying mechanism in cerebral ischemia remain to be explored. The present study was designed to investigate the neuroprotective effect of YQFM on endoplasmic reticulum (ER stress-mediated neuronal apoptosis in the permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion- (MCAO- injured mice and the oxygen-glucose deprivation- (OGD- induced pheochromocytoma (PC12 cells. The results showed that single administration of YQFM (1.342 g/kg, i.p. could reduce the brain infarction and improve the neurological deficits and the cerebral blood flow (CBF after MCAO for 24 h in mice. Moreover, incubation with YQFM (100, 200, and 400 μg/mL could increase the cell viability, decrease the caspase-3 activity, and inhibit the cell apoptosis in OGD-induced PC12 cells for 12 h. In addition, YQFM treatment could significantly modulate cleaved caspase-3 and Bcl-2 expressions and inhibit the expressions of ER stress-related marker proteins and signaling pathways in vivo and in vitro. In conclusion, our findings provide the first evidence that YQFM ameliorates cerebral ischemic injury linked with modulating ER stress-related signaling pathways, which provided some new insights for its prevention and treatment of cerebral ischemia diseases.

  17. Traditional Chinese medicine formula Qing Huo Yi Hao as superoxide anion scavenger in high glucosetreated endothelial cells

    Qiong xu; Bin ZHANG; Xiao-mu LI; Xin GAO


    Aim:To investigate the effects of a traditional Chinese medicine formula Qing Huo Yi Hao (QHYH)and its components on hydroxyl radical (HO·)production in vitro and the activity of QHYH against free radicals in cultured endothelial cells induced by high glucose.Methods:Hydroxyl radicals (HO·)were generated through Fenton reactions in vitro,and 5,5-dimethyl-1-pyrroline N-oxide (DMPO)was used as a spin trap to form DMPO/HO·adducts detected using electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR).Immortalized mouse cerebral microvascular endothelial (bEnd.3)cells were treated with high glucose (35 mmol/L).The free radical scavenging ability of QHYH in the cells was evaluated using EPR.Superoxide dismutase (SOD)was used to identify the free radicals scavenged by QHYH in the cells.Results:QHYH and its 8 components concentration-dependently reduced DMPO/HO· signaling.The DMPO/HO· adduct scavenging ability of QHYH was 82.2%,which was higher than each individual component.The free radical scavenging ability of 1% QHYH in high glucose-treated bEnd.3 cells was approximately 70%.In these cells,the free radicals were also specifically reduced by SOD (400 U/mL),implying that the free radicals were primarily superoxide anions.Conclusion:The results demonstrate that the QHYH formula is potent antioxidant acting as scavenge of superoxide anions in high glucose-treated endothelial cells.

  18. The effect of Bu-Zhong-Yi-Qi-Tang on epidermal melanocytes in ultraviolet B-irradiated mice

    Lee, Hae June [Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Science, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Hwan Sung; Park, Young Jong; Kim, Joong Sun; Moon, Chang Jong; Kim, Jong Choon; Bae, Chun Sik; Kim, Sung Ho [Chonnam National University, Gwangju (Korea, Republic of); Jo, Sung Kee [KAERI, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)


    We induced the activation of melanocytes in the epidermis of C57BL/6 mice by UltraViolet B (UVB) irradiation and observed the effect of Bu-Zhong-Yi-Qi-Tang (BZYQT) on the formation, and decrease of UVB-induced epidermal melanocytes. C57BL/6 mice were irradiated by UVB 80 mJ/cm{sup 2} (0.5 mW/sec) daily for 7 days, and BZYQT was intraperitoneally or topically applied pre- or post-irradiation. For the estimation of change of epidermal melanocytes, light microscopic observation with dihydroxyphenylalanine (DOPA) stain was performed. Split epidermal sheets prepared from the ear of untreated mice exhibited 11-16 melanocytes/mm{sup 2}, and one week after UV irradiation, the applied areas show an increased number of strongly DOPA-positive melanocytes with stout dendrites. But intraperitoneal or topical treatment with BZYQT before each irradiation interrupted UVB-induced pigmentation and resulted in a marked reduction in the number of epidermal melanocytes as compared to radiation control skin. The number and size of DOPA-positive epidermal melanocytes were also significantly decreased in intraperitoneally injected or topically applicated group after irradiation with BZYQT at 3rd and 6th weeks after irradiation. The present study suggests the BZYQT as inhibitor of UVB-induced pigmentation and depigmenting agent.

  19. 刘以敏主任疳证论治%Treating malnutrition by director of LIU Yi-min

    杨旭东; 何萍


      疳证是由多种慢性疾患引起的一种疾病,历代医家在治疗疳证一般从脾胃论治,以健脾化滞、益气生津为法,著名国家级名中医刘以敏主任在治疗本病上有独到见解,首先是强调治未病的观点,其次是分期治疗的观点,治疗上取得满意效果。%  Malnutrition is a disease that caused by various chronic diseases. It was treated according to spleen gastric theory of historical and recent medical, the principle was Jianpi Huazhi and Yiqi Shengjin, but Liu Yi-Min who is famous traditional medicine doctor all over the country has insightful views in treating malnutrition, that the first was the emphasis on the viewpoint of “treating disease”, secondly is the viewpoint of staging treatment, and have satisfactory effect.

  20. Protective effect of the extract of Yi-Qi-Fu-Mai preparation on hypoxia-induced heart injury in mice

    FENG Ya-Qian; JU Ai-Chun; LIU Chun-Hua; WANG Ting; YU Bo-Yang; QI Jin


    Yi-Qi-Fu-Mai (YQFM) is extensively used clinically to treat cardiovascular diseases in China.To explore the anti-hypoxia effect of the extract of YQFM preparation (EYQFM),the EYQFM (1.4,2.8,and 5.5 g·kg-1·d-1) was assessed for its heart-protective effect in a chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) animal model (oxygen pressure 7%-8%,20 min per day) for 28 days of treatment.Betaloc (0.151 6 g·kg-1·d-1) was used as a positive control.The histopathological analyses of heart in CIH mice were conducted.Several cardiac state parameters,such as left ventricular ejection fractions (EF),stroke volume (SV),expression of creatine kinase (CK),lactate dehydrogenase (LDH),superoxide dismutase (SOD),and malondialdehyde (MDA) were measured.The results showed that treatment with EYQFM markedly reversed swelling of the endothelial cells and vacuolization in the heart when compared with the model group.Further study demonstrated that EYQFM significantly improved ventricular myocardial contractility by increasing EF and SV.In addition,EYQFM inhibited the activity of CK,LDH,decreased the level of MDA and improved SOD activity.The results demonstrated that EYQFM significantly improved the tolerability of myocardium to hypoxia and ameliorated the cardiac damage in the CIH model.

  1. JIN Yi-qiang (金益强) An Eminent TCM Expert of Research on Liver


    @@  JIN Yi-qiang was born in September 1932 in Changsha, Hunan Province. He was educated in Hunan Medical University and graduated in 1956. He studied in the first TCM Training Class for Western Physicians in Hunan TCM College and graduated in 1961. He worked in the TCM department and the Institute of Integrated TCM & Western Medicine (WM) in the Affiliated Xiangya Hospital, Hunan Medical University ever since, where he has been engaged in the internal medicine of Integrated TCM and WM for 43 years (including teaching, clinical practice and research work). He became a professor at 1987, and works as tutor for inheriting the experience of veteran TCM experts in China, tutor of postgraduates, director of research department, and deputy director of the institute. Meanwhile, he is the standing director of the Chinese Association of Integrated TCM & WM, the vice director of the Chinese Association of Trace Elemental Science, a member of New Drug Assessment Committee in Hunan Province and the editor of the Journal of Integrated TCM & WM.

  2. Arrangement and Research on the Radical System of Yi Language in Northwestern Guizhou Province%黔西北彝文部首系统的整理与研究



    Yi language in Northwestern Guizhou Province is an id-eograph with the wording rules of hieroglyph, self-explanation, association, pictophmetic character-formation, mutually explana-tion and borrowing, which are the same as those of Chinese char-acters. But the character patterns are complicated in Yi language with a lot of single characters and less compound characters, and besides, there is no fixed character component expressing"cate-gories of meaning"and defining radicals, so the study of Yi lan-guage cannot be based on theories of Chinese characters, but on the rules of character formation in Yi language. The arrangement of the radical system of Yi language is an important fundamental work, as it is of great theoretical and practical significance to the compilation of Yi language works and implementation of informa-tion-based Yi language.%黔西北彝文也是表意文字,和汉字一样,也有象形、指事、会意、形声造字法和转注、假借的用字规律。但其文字字形复杂,独体字多,合体字少,又没有固定表示“义类”的偏旁,确定彝文部首,不能按汉字学的理论,要遵循彝文造字的规律来遴选和甄别。整理彝文部首系统,是一项重要的基础性工作,对于编纂彝文子书、实施彝文信息化具有重要的理论和实践意义。

  3. The Cultural Ecology Explanation to Physical Education Culture Occurrence Mechanism of Yi People in Bijie%毕节彝族体育文化发生机制的文化生态学阐释



    The beginning of the Yi nationality sports culture, standing on the perspective of culture ecolo⁃gy coupling relationship are examined Yi sports cultural and ecological environment. This relationship in eco⁃logical environment determines the content and form of Yi sports cultural events. On the other hand, Yi sports cultural adapts to the natural environment, social environment and cultural environment has the subjective ini⁃tiative. Research by interpreting the relationship between Yi sports cultural and ecological environment in or⁃der to better protect and inherit the Yi nationality sports culture resources, so as to promote the sustainable de⁃velopment of the sports culture of Yi people.%从毕节彝族体育文化的起源入手,以文化生态学视角审视彝族体育文化与生态环境密不可分的耦合关系。这种关系表现在一方面生态环境决定了毕节彝族体育文化事象的内容与形式,另一方面毕节彝族体育文化适应自然环境、社会环境和人文环境等具有主观能动性。阐释彝族体育文化与生态环境的关系是为了更好地保护和传承毕节彝族体育文化资源,从而促进毕节彝族体育文化的可持续发展。

  4. Causes of Restatemant Phenomenon of Yi Chinese Poems in New Era%新时期彝族汉语诗歌中的“长诗重述”现象及成因



    彝族是一个具有诗歌传统的民族,有着丰富的古籍文献长诗。长篇巨制的诗歌为古籍的主要表现形式。在当代,彝族的诗歌创作与其他汉语现代新诗的篇幅形式类似,然而新世纪以来,彝族诗人们的创作中又重新出现了长篇诗歌的踪迹,一些中青年彝族诗人更喜欢尝试用长诗的形式进行写作。对这一现象展开观察和论述,可以进一步考察其历史记忆重构的深层原因。%Yi is a nationality with poetry tradition which retained rich ancient poem. The long production poem is the main form of ancient documents. In modern society, Yi Chinese poem is the same space with other Chinese modern poems, however, there are some new long production Yi Chinese poems in the new century, some young and mid-ages Yi poets like to write poems with the long produc-tion form. This thesis observed and discussed the phenomenon and go on the deep reason of the re-construction of Yi historical memory.

  5. The Investigation of Yi Nationality Students’Intergeneration--Taking Xichang College as an Example%彝族大学生代际关系现状调查--以西昌学院为例



    以西昌学院为例,通过问卷调查,对彝族大学生的代际关系进行探讨,认为彝族大学生的代际关系呈现出三个主要特点:第一,对父母形象的认知整体上是正面;第二,与父母联系方式趋于现代化;第三,重大决定自己做主。%The author has invested 400 Yi nationality students in Xichang College about their intergeneration. The investigation showed three characteristics about Yi nationality students’intergeneration. First, almost all parents' impression was positive in Yi nationality students’mind. Second, the way which Yi nationality students attached their parents was modern. Third, Yi nationality students themselves decided the important things which related their futures.

  6. İbrahim Süreyya Bey (Yiğit ’in Hayatı ve Parlamenter Faaliyetleri İbrahim Süreyya Bey (Yiğit’s Life And Parliamentary Activities

    Vicdan ÖZTÜRK


    Full Text Available In this article, life and parliamentary activities of İbrahim Süreyya Yiğit who first saw the light of day in the last period of Ottoman Empire and who witnessed decline of the Empire and struggled to save it were addressed. Having graduated from Faculty of Political Sciences, İbrahim Süreyya entered upon his career in duty position. He lived out nearly best part of his life with risky adventures. During his biennial officialism process, his relationship with the Party of Union and Progress caused him to stay in Sinop prison in repressive days of the period of II. Abdülhamit. In subsequent years after his three year imprisonment, Party of Union and Progress came into power; therefore he continued his mission with administrative duties. While İbrahim Süreyya was a provincial district governor in one of Rumelian lands, Turco- Italian War broke out; therefore he resigned from his administrative duty without any hesitation and crusaded as a volunteer. In this war, he entered into Mustafa Kemal’s service and their friendship which would last for long years began. When İbrahim Süreyya was governor of Gallipoli during First World War years, their paths with Mustafa Kemal crossed again. İbrahim Süreyya experienced trashing of war actually and he was one of the people who commenced struggle in Anatolia by taking chances with his intimate friend Mustafa Kemal during catasrtophic days in which enemies were trying to split the country. İbrahim Süreyya who took sides with Mustafa Kemal even after War of Independence and who was one of the individuals having established a state from wrecks of the war, served in the government throughout his life lasting till 1950s. Bu makalede Osmanlı Devletinin son döneminde hayata gözlerini açan ve imparatorluğun çöküşüne şahitlik ederek, onu kurtarma mücadelesi veren İbrahim Süreyya Bey (Yiğit’in hayatı ve parlamenter faaliyetleri ele alınmaktadır. Mekteb-i Mülkiye’yi bitirdikten

  7. The care of life from the view of underworld ——On Zhang Xianliang' Yi Yi Liu%底层视野下的生命关怀——论张贤亮的《一亿陆》



    张贤亮是一位敢于突破"禁区"的作家,他的长篇力作《一亿陆》"剑走偏锋",讲述了一个人种退化的问题,作者将这种对人类生命的终极关怀置于社会的最底层进行言说,充分显示了作家的底层视野,是一种底层视野下的生命关怀。%Zhang Xianliang is a writer who dares to break the "forbidden zone".His novel Yi Yi Liu(meaning One Hundred Million Land) is the story of race degradation.The writer gives ultimate care to the underworld people's life,fully showing his underworld vision.His novel concerns itself with the life of the underworld people.

  8. An Integrated Model of Surface Water and Groundwater Interactions at Yi-lan Area in Northeastern Taiwan

    Chiu, Y.; Yeh, C. K.


    Interaction between surface water (SW) and groundwater (GW) plays an important role in local society and ecosystem, especially in areas with limited water resources. Historically, hydrologic simulations have not accounted for feedback looks between the GW system and other hydrologic processes. Integrated SW-GW modelling can provide a comprehensive and coherent understanding on basin-scale water cycle and better manage the water resources for sustainable usage. At Yi-lan area, hydrological modelling has been performed for both the entire SW and GW systems along, but fully integrated SW-GW modeling has not been attempted for this area. In order to enhance the efficiency of water useage, a coupled GW and SW flow model (GSFLOW), developed by U.S. Geological Survey, is selected as the numerical model to simulate the major processes of the hydrologic cycle. GSFLOW integrated PRMS with MODFLOW-2005 which perform surface hydrology simulation and 3-D groundwater simulation, respectively. The data of solar radiation, land use, precipitation, temperature, river stage, stream flow rate, groundwater level, and digital elevation model were collected from 2004-2012 to develop the simulation model. The coupled GSFLOW model is calibrated by automatic parameter estimation approach of using streamflows and groundwater levels. The singular value decomposition (SVD) method is performed to avoid the instability of solution during the model calibration. The calibrated results show that the state variables and fluxes in basin-scale water cycle can be simulated with high spatial and temporal resolutions, and all the important hydrologic processes can be characterized simultaneously in an integrated framework. The scenarios with different precipitation distributions and temperature patterns are conducted on the calibrated model to forecast the dynamic variations of hydrologic processes in the entire water basin. This study clearly demonstrated the benefits of using a physically based

  9. 基于《海腮耄启》的彝族传统家道教育研究--以彝族传统婚礼家道教育为例%A Study on Yi Traditional Family Education based on Morality and Ethics--Taking the Traditional Wedding of Yi People as an Example

    杨娟; 刘云


    家道即治家、成家之道,是家庭赖以成立、维持和发展的规则和道理。彝族典籍《海腮耄启》收录了大量关于文化知识和道德教育的诗文,其中有些是彝族婚礼仪式上传唱的酒礼,有的是司仪诵读的祝词,彝语叫“尤咪”,属于彝族传统家道教育的一部分,主要用于彝族伦理道德教化。虽然时过境迁,但其充满哲理的彝族家道教育思想,对于当今的家庭教育仍然具有一定的启示作用。%The truth and rules of starting and regulating a family are essential to its founding, maintaining and developing. The ancient classic Morality and Ethics of Yi nationality includes voluminous articles and po⁃ems about cultural education, some of which are toasts during the wedding process and ceremonial speeches and prayers called You Mi in Yi by the wedding emcee. It’s part of Yi traditional family education used in mo⁃rality and ethic teaching. Even though circumstances have changed with the passage of time,Yi people’s fami⁃ly educational thoughts are still philosophically imbued and still are illuminating and enlightening in today’s family education.

  10. 《柳毅传书遇洞庭水仙女》与《柳毅传》情节、题旨比较研究%The plot and theme study of"Liu Yi book in Dongting water Fairy"and"biography of Liu Yi"



    "Biography of Liu Yi"was a representative text of Tang Chuanqi, later adapted for many,"Liu Yi book in Dongting water Fairy"was"new chapter", was the first adaptation of forming work, can arouse researchers’ attention. This article from two aspects of the plot and the theme to analyze the inheritance and development of"biography of Liu Yi".%《柳毅传》是唐传奇的代表篇章,后世多有改编之作,《柳毅传书遇洞庭水仙女》是《新编醉翁谈录》中的一章,也是《柳毅传》第一部改编的成形之作,不能不引起研究者重视。本文试从情节和题旨两个角度分析《柳毅传书遇洞庭水仙女》对《柳毅传》的继承和发展。

  11. Association between genetic variants in NOD2, C13orf31, and CCDC122 genes and leprosy among the Chinese Yi population.

    Xiong, Jun-Hao; Mao, Chong; Sha, Xiao-Wei; Jin, Zheng; Wang, Hao; Liu, Yang-Ying; Ning, Yong


    A significant association between single nucleotide polymorphisms in NOD2, C13orf31, and CCDC122 genes and leprosy has been reported in a previous genome-wide association study of leprosy in the Chinese Han population. However, it remains unknown whether this association exists among the Chinese Yi population. The aim of this study was to investigate whether single nucleotide polymorphisms in NOD2, C13orf31, and CCDC122 genes are associated with leprosy among the Chinese Yi population in China. We genotyped rs9302752, rs7194886, rs8057341, and rs3135499 in the NOD2 gene; rs3764147 and rs10507522 in the C13orf31 gene; and rs3088362 and rs9533634 in the CCDC122 gene in a Chinese Yi cohort comprised of 319 patients with leprosy and 355 ethnic-matched controls. The differences between the patients and healthy controls were analyzed using chi-squared analysis. Significant differences of rs3135499 in NOD2, rs3764147 and rs10507522 in C13orf31, and rs3088362 and rs9533634 in CCDC122 were observed between the patients and the healthy control groups in the cohort. The allelic P values and odd ratios were as follows: rs3135499, 1.0 × 10(-8) and 2.55; rs3764147, 1.7 × 10(-7) and 1.88; rs10507522, 1.16 × 10(-5) and 1.95; rs3088362, 8.2 × 10(-4) and 1.51; rs9533634, 5.34 × 10(-5) and 1.73. No significant differences were found in the distributions of rs9302752, rs7194886, and rs8057341 between the patients and healthy controls. We demonstrated that genetic variants in the NOD2, C13orf31, and CCDC122 genes are closely associated with leprosy among the Chinese Yi population, which implicates the pathogenic role of NOD2, C13orf31, and CCDC122 genes in a different ethnicity. © 2015 The International Society of Dermatology.

  12. The Theoretical Basis of the Natural Approach and Its Application in Oral English Teaching in Universities——Take an Example of Zun Yi Normal College

    张菀心; 刘文俊


    For centuries, foreign teachers had a dream that is how to learned foreign language by learning the method of mother tongue? In 1983, Krashen and Terrell invented the Natural Approach. The natural approach lays stress on comprehensible input, setting up a goal at different stage and paying attention to the learner’s interest and feelings. This paper tells about the theoretical basis of the Natural Approach and the writer’s practice of applying some ideas of the Natural Method to her teaching of oral English. And take an example of Zun Yi normal college.

  13. The Theoretical Basis of the Natural Approach and Its Application in Oral English Teaching in Universities--Take an Example of Zun Yi Normal College

    张菀心; 刘文俊


    For centuries, foreign teachers had a dream that is how to learned foreign language by learning the method of mother tongue? In 1983, Krashen and Terrell invented the Natural Approach. The natural approach lays stress on comprehensible input, setting up a goal at different stage and paying attention to the learner’s interest and feelings. This paper tells about the theoretical basis of the Natural Approach and the writer’s practice of applying some ideas of the Natural Method to her teaching of oral English. And take an example of Zun Yi normal college.

  14. On Development Change and Standard about Yi Calligraphy Writing Style%论彝文书法章法中行款的发展转变及其标准



    In ancient times,Yi calligraphy writing style has been formed to the pattern which is from top to bottom,left to right. Modern times,Due to the influence of the great historical change,there was still some pattern which is from top to bottom,left to right,but it's not mainstream. In recent years,by comparing Yi calligraphy exhibition and Yi calligraphy anthology. The vast majority of works took the form which is from top to bottom,left to right, departed from the traditional Yi calligraphy writing style,we should strengthen the learning and education of Yi character,uphold the standard mode writing on the left in Yi traditional calligra-phy.%彝文书写的行款,在古代就已经形成了从上到下、从左到右的格式.近代以后由于受到巨大的历史变革的影响,偶尔有从上到下、从右到左的形式,但不是主流.近年来,多次比较大型的彝文书法展览和出版的彝文书法选集,绝大多数作品都采取了从上到下、从右到左的形式,背离了传统彝文书法的行款格式,应该从加强传统彝文的学习教育、坚持彝文书法传统的左书标准模式等方面给予及时纠正.

  15. The True Portrayed Living World of Yi People in Liangshan Analyzing the Novel DARK STAIN ON THICK WALL%凉山彝人生存世界的真实再现——论《厚墙裂痕》



    马德清的长篇小说《厚墙裂痕》从凉山彝族地区天然景观和凉山彝族民间婚姻、丧葬、礼仪等习俗两个方面再现了凉山彝人生存的真实世界,具有民族志的书写特征。%Ma Deqing's novel" thick wall cracks" portrayed the true living world of Liangshan Yi People from Liangshan natural landscape and the Liangshan Yi Minority,which contains ethnography writing lea- tulles.

  16. The Cultural Characteristics of Yi Medicine from the Medical Literature:Qi Gushu%从贵州彝族医学文献《启谷署》看彝族“医药”文化特色

    朱国祥; 徐俊飞


    Yi nationality is one of the seventeen native ethnic minorities in Guizhou.The population, language and culture of the Yi nationality in Guizhou are introduced briefly.The Yi literature of the Qi Gushu , whose version, content and other relevant are described.This paper mainly analyzes the charac-teristics of the Qi Gushu from five different angles:the Yi medicine"Five Body"theory, the curing effect of prescription, the maturity of a prescription, the simple characteristics of Yi Medicine, the theory origin between the Yi medicine and traditional Chinese medicine.Yi medicine is not only an important part of the Chinese medical treasures, also has made outstanding contributions to the health of the Yi people.In the development of national medicine industry, the question how to make use of the national medical re-sources should be paid much attention to.%彝族是贵州十七个世居少数民族之一,文中首先就贵州彝族的人口、语言文化略作介绍,并就彝医学文献的《启谷署》版本、内容等相关情况作了说明。论文重点就彝医学文献《启谷署》的特色作了分析,即从彝医学中“五体”理论、方剂的治愈效果、方剂的成熟性、彝医药简单性、彝医学理论与中医学理论的渊源关系等五个方面来分析。彝族医药文献不仅是中华医药文化宝库中重要组成部分,也为彝族人民健康事业作出了卓越的贡献。在开发民族医药过程中,如何利用民族医药文献资源是我们值得注意的问题。

  17. The Cultural Analysis of "Yi-Fan Festival" of Mulam Minority%仫佬族“依饭节”文化内涵探析

    佟宇嘉; 王奎正


    "依饭节"是广西仫佬族人民最喜爱的宗教节日,是仫佬族民俗文化的重要象征。本文试图通对"依饭节"及其历史渊源的考查,进行全方位、多角度的立体研究,探索仫佬族饮食、宗教信仰、宗族制度、文娱、音乐等民间传统文化。%"Yi-fan Festival" is the favorite religion festival of Mulam Minority in Guang Xi Province.And it is the most important symbol of Mulam Minority's culture.This paper inspected the "Yi-fan Festival" and its historical origins.And then it researched the folk and traditional culture in omnibearing and various points of view,such as the diet,religions and belief,religions institution,entertainment,music,and so on.

  18. Qualitative and quantitative determination of YiXinShu Tablet using ultra high performance liquid chromatography with Q Exactive hybrid quadrupole orbitrap high-resolution accurate mass spectrometry.

    Sun, Zhi; Li, Zhuolun; Zuo, Lihua; Wang, Zhenhui; Zhou, Lin; Shi, Yingying; Kang, Jian; Zhu, Zhenfeng; Zhang, Xiaojian


    To clarify and quantify the chemical profile of YiXinShu Tablet rapidly, a feasible and accurate strategy was developed by applying ultra high performance liquid chromatography with Q Exactive hybrid quadrupole orbitrap high-resolution accurate mass spectrometry. A total of 105 components were identified, including 25 phenanthraquinones, 11 lactones, 19 lignans, 24 acids and 26 other compounds. Among them, 26 major compounds were unambiguously detected by comparing with reference standards. And 19 of these compounds in three batches of YiXinShu Tablet were selected for quantitative determination. (Z)-Ligustilide, salvianic acid A, salvianolic acid A, salvianolic acid B and rosmarinic acid were abundant in these three batches with contents over 1.000 mg/g. The established analysis methods were examined to be accurate and feasible. The results show that the ultra high performance liquid chromatography with Q Exactive hybrid quadrupole orbitrap high-resolution accurate mass spectrometry method has a powerful qualitative ability and promising quantitative application. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

  19. A study on the traditionalism of “trot” – Focused on Yi Nanyǒng’s “Tears of Mokp’o”

    Yujeong Chang


    Full Text Available In this paper, I explore the significance of Yi Nanyǒng’s contribution to the history of Korean popular music through her song “Tears of Mokp’o.” Using the data I gathered from surveys and interviews as well as a formal analysis of the song, I expounded on the perceptional changes of “Tears of Mokp’o” from a hybrid colonial song to an ethnic, national song. For this purpose, I structured this paper as follows: In the second section, I looked into the meaning and changes in trot spanning different periods, and investigated the current public sentiment toward trot. In the third section, I examined Yi Nan-yǒng’s life and her songs, as well as the public opinion of her works via survey analysis. Finally, I expounded on the traditionalism found in “Tears of Mokp’o.” Through these materials, we could delineate how trot shifted from a foreign song to a traditional one.

  20. Korean doctor Che -ma Yi and his Sasang Constitutional Medicine%朝鲜李济马的四象医学



    朝鲜李济马(1837-1900)根据人的体质和气质,将人分为"太阳人"、"太阴人"、"少阴人"、"少阳人"4种类型,分别论述其形貌、脏腑、性情及医患病症的特征.这种"四象医学"的形成主要受到中国的四象和关于"阴阳二十五人"理论的影响,而与邵雍无关.%Tongui suse powon, written by Chi -ma Yi (1837-1900), divided people into four types according to their constitution and disposition-Taiyang, Taiyin, Shaoyin and Shaoyang. He discussed the appearance, viscera, temperament and disease each type of people probably have. The formation of Sasang Consititutional Medicine is influenced by Sasang Theory in Yi Jing and 25 - mode Personality Theory in Ling Sbu and has nothing to do with Huangji Jingshishu written by SHAO Yong.

  1. 孙师毅的歌词创作和美学特征%Sun Shi-yi's Lyrics Creation and the Aesthetic Characteristics



    Sun Shi‐yi is one of the important creators of the 1930's lyrics ,he writes many lyrics .Howev‐er ,for a long time ,there has not been much research of his lyrics .Based on his lyrics creation and through carding his works ,it can be discovered that Sun Shi‐yi's lyrics represent typical left‐wing cultural characteris‐tics ,and also have their own artistic charm .Specifically ,his lyrics have distinct aesthetic characteristics with diversified style ,visualized expression of emotion ,and phonological and rhythmic beauty construction .%孙师毅是20世纪30年代重要的歌词创作者之一,他写有不少歌词作品。然而,长期以来,对于他的歌词研究并不多。通过对孙师毅歌词创作活动和作品的梳理,发现他的歌词在代表左翼文化特色同时,也有着自己的艺术魅力。具体而言,孙师毅的歌词在多样化的风格创造、形象化的情感表达、音韵美与节奏美的构建等方面都有鲜明的美学特征。

  2. 凉山彝族女性代际教育探析%The Inter-generation Education of Yi Nationality Women in Liangshan Prefecture



    The concept of female subordination has been entrenched in Liangshan prefecture for many years, i.e.Yi women are in weak position relatively .They only as housewives had no speaking -right in the family.The economic level in Liangshan is much backward before the democratic reform , so Yi women may be educated by the so called "school education"through inter -generational education in the family, and this way was handed down from generation to generation .In recent years the inter-gen-eration education status has been changed a lot with the rapid development of social and economy , but it is not optimistic .%凉山彝族地区男尊女卑思想观念的根深蒂固,彝族女性一直处于弱势地位,没有话语权,只能扮演家庭主妇的角色。民主改革之前,凉山地区经济发展水平低,彝族女性接受学校教育的机会甚少,只有通过家庭代际教育,代代相传。近年来,社会经济的飞速发展,彝族女性的代际教育状况有所转变,但也不容乐观。

  3. [Ethnics of the body - a study on the ethical meanings of body in Spinoza and Yi Jae-Ma].

    Yeo, I S


    , was dealt with. It is named Sasang(Four Symbol) medicine which was founded upon the long tradition of one of the most profound ethical teachings of mankind, Confuciaism. Sasang medicine of Yi Jae-ma is in a sense a continuation of the Neo-Confucianism tradition of Korea in the field of medicine.

  4. How is Sense of Place Possible? An Analysis of Yi-Fu Tuan’s Space and Place

    Wang Jian; Li Ziqing; Sun Hui; Yang Zi


    In the first century of Anthropology (1870-1970), almost all social sciences studies focused on“objective”,“rational”,“collective”, and “universal” socio-cultural facts. This orien-tation excluded and marginalized those “subjec-tive”,“individual” and “non-rational” fields in the discourse system of the discipline. “Sense”was such a field, refused by the gatekeepers of tra-ditional anthropology. Since 1980s, more and more anthropologists have paid attention to the study of sense. laying the foundations for an “anthropology of the sen-ses”. With the gradual influence of Western An-thropology of the senses, “sense of place” is be-coming a current academic phrase in Chinese An-thropology. Meanwhile, a fundamental question has to be asked:how is sense of place possible? In order to explore this question, we must go back to Yi-Fu Tuan, a renowned humanistic geographer and his master work, Space and Place. Space and Place contains a total of fourteen chapters and can be divided into three parts. The first part, chapters 1 to 3, discusses three key words:experience, space, and place. Meanwhile, this part identifies the fundamental question of the book:how do human beings understand and expe-rience the world? The second part, ranging from chapters 4 to 9 , and introduces the relationship be-tween sense and space. The third part,chapters 10 to 14 , interprets the relationship between place and sense. Although the latter two parts introduce the relationship between the “Sense and Space”and “Place and Sense”, the interrelation of space-sense-place runs through the whole book. The three key words ( experience, space and place ) are fully reflected in the title of the book ( Space and Place—the Perspective of Experience. What, then, is the nature of experience? Tuan holds that the essentiality of experience is how a person knows and constructs reality, ran-ging from inchoate feelings to explicit conceptions. Essentially

  5. 黔西北彝族献“吉禄”仪式的文化解析%A Cultural Analysis to Offering Jilu Ceremony of Yi People in Northwestern Guizhou

    陆刚; 熊蕊


    献“吉禄”是贵州西北部彝族的一种祈福仪式。彝族人崇拜自然,相信万物有灵,认为有超自然力量存在,并主宰着世间一切“。吉禄”被认为是保佑某一家人财运的神灵,彝族人通过对“吉禄”的献祭,祈求神灵保佑六畜兴旺、五谷丰登“。吉禄”由各家各户在家里供奉和献祭,对彝族人的日常生活和思想观念,都有着重大的影响。%Offering Jilu is one of the northwest of Guizhou Yi blessing ceremony. Yi people worship na⁃ture, believe that all things have spirit, think the existence of supernatural power, and dominated the world. Ji⁃lu is thought to be gods bless a family fortune, the Yi people through the sacrifice of the Jilu, pray the gods bless animals thrive, good harvest. Jilu by families in the home to worship and sacrifice, the Yi people's daily life and ideology, has a significant impact.

  6. 彝族“五色”在包装色彩设计中的应用%Research on the Application of Yi Nationality "Five Color" in Packaging Color Design

    袁恩培; 龙飞


    分析了彝族色彩文化中的五色文化,结合其文化的民族性特点,论述了彝族五色文化在包装色彩设计中的应用价值,分析了色彩文化作为彝族代表性文化特色在包装设计中的体现,提出以民族特色、民族精神为文化根源,将彝族色彩作为设计元素应用于包装色彩设计中,从而更加明确包装设计的指向性,开辟一条更为个性化、民族化的包装之路。%It analyzed the "five color" culture in the culture of the Yi nationality color, combined with the national character of their cultural characteristics, it discussed the application value of Yi nationality "five color" culture in the packaging design, analyzed the embodiment of color culture as the Yi representative cultural features in the packaging design, and proposed taking national characteristics and national spirits as cultural roots, the Yi national color as the design element used in packaging design, in order to open up a more personalized and national packaging road.

  7. A Brief Discussion on the Problems Faced by the Collec-tion and Arrangement of Ancient Books in Yi Language and the Urgency of Talent Cultivation%浅谈彝文古籍收集整理面临的问题及人才培养的紧迫性



    彝文古籍是彝族历史文化发展的结晶,具有政治、经济、哲学、宗教、历史、文学等方面的研究价值,是彝学研究的主要文献来源。彝文古籍卷帙浩繁,内容包罗万象。但近几年来,彝文翻译人才越来越稀少,彝文古籍的收集整理和翻译工作面临很大困难,培养彝文古籍翻译人才已经刻不容缓。%Ancient books in Yi language, as the crystallization of the historical and cultural development of the Yi nationality, is of research value in politics, economics, philosophy, religion, history and literature, and they are also the main literature references of Yi studies. Ancient books in Yi language are numerous and con-tain a lot of things. But in recent years, talents for Yi language translation are increasingly scarce, resulting in great difficulties in the collection, arrangement and translation of ancient books in Yi language, so it is imperative to cultivate talents for the transla-tion of ancient books in Yi language.

  8. Research on literature Carrier's Shape and Its Calligraphy Art of Yi People's Words%试析彝文文献载体形制及其书法艺术



    彝族先民创造了彝文,并保留下来了种类繁多、内容丰富的彝文文献.从目前发掘的彝文文献载体形制而言,有纸书、木刻印刷书、皮书、瓦书、岩书、布帛书、木牍文、竹简文、金石铭文、印玺文等多种载体形制.彝文书法是以彝文字体为基础的书法手段,既有点线粗犷、刚健、明快、流畅、简捷、生动的特点,又有结构紧密,笔锋刚柔兼有,工者相济,刚则有力,柔则似水,字体端庄、形象、洗练的特点,反映出本民族的某些性格、精神风貌和心理素质,并具有社会历史价值、美学价值、学术价值,为彝文书法研究提供了艺术素材,展示了广阔的前景.%In ancient times Yi ancestors invented the Yi language word. They use their own Yi lan-guage words recorded various types of carrier, rich in content and variety of precious literature. From the ar-chaeological excavations, the documents have a paper book, wood carving books, leather, tile, rock books, cloth, wood, bamboo, stone inscriptions, etc. Yi people's calligraphy it is based on Yi language fonts, it is a bit bold, energetic, lively, smooth, simple and vivid features, and to structure tightly, pen, firm soft with the workers of economic, just is strong, soft like water, font dignified practice, image, and the characteristics of image art. The calligraphy art reflects the Yi people's certain character, spirit and psychological quality, and have a social and historical value, aesthetic value and academic value, and provides the Yi language study of calligraphy art, shows the broad prospects.

  9. Casual sex and concurrent sexual partnerships among young people from an Yi community with a high prevalence of HIV in China

    Yi Yang; Rong-Sheng Luan; Peng Liu; Chun-Lin Wu; Ying Zhou; Wen Chen


    Liangshan Prefecture in Sichuan province,China,has a high prevalence of HIV infection,which is reflective of a change in the mode of transmission from injection drug use (IDU) to heterosexual intercourse.However,few studies focus on HIV-related heterosexual risk behaviours among the majority Yi population.The objectives of this study were to explore the characteristics of an egocentric sexual network and estimate the prevalence of casual sexual behaviour.Yi villagers (n=108),aged 15-35 years,who reported having had sex within the previous year were interviewed as to their sexual behaviours and networks.In-depth interviews and focus group discussions provided supplementary information on sexual norms.Logistic regression analysis was used to calculate unadjusted odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs).Most of the respondents reported having had casual sex at some time in their life,and 66.7%reported multiple sexual partnerships.Only 21.3% reported ever having used a condom.During the study year,a total of 137 partners were involved in 153 sexual partnerships.Among the reported sexual partnerships,67.3% originated from a casual sexual relationship.For network members in components of size ≥ 3,56.9% were involved in concurrent sexual partnerships.Having never been married (OR:2.11; 95% CI:1.03-4.33).and younger age (OR:0.89; 95% CI:0.83-0.95) were both associated with being in a component of size ≥ 3.Size (OR:2.99; 95% CI:1.17-7.66),pair (OR:0.54; 95% CI:0.39-0.74),the number of weakcomponents of the egocentric sexual network (OR:30.04; 95% CI:6.47-139.46) and gender (OR:0.19; 95% CI:0.06-0.67) were all associated with being in concurrent sexual partnerships.HIV-related interventions for the-Yi ethnic minority in Sichuan province must therefore address concurrent sexual partnerships and promote condom use.

  10. Influence of Original Religion on the Traditional Sports Culture of Yi Nationality ——Taking Sports Dance of Yi Nationality as an Example%原始宗教对彝族传统体育文化的影响——以彝族体育舞蹈研究为例



    By using the method of documentary, comparison and logic inference, this paper discusses the issues related to the forms of expression and function and influence of original religion on the sports dance of Yi nationality. The result shows that sports dance of Yi nationality is mainly reflected in festival activities, ritual activities and funeral activities. It has multiple functions such as amusing, entertaining, entertaining god and entertaining apparition. The main function of sports dance is changing in different places. Original religion has important influence on the sports dance of Yi nationality and this kind of influence is with a dual character.%运用文献资料法、比较法、逻辑分析法等,从历史学、宗教学及民间故事与传说视野,对彝族体育舞蹈的表现形式与功能、原始宗教对彝族体育舞蹈的影响等问题进行了探讨。研究认为:彝族体育舞蹈主要体现在彝族节庆活动、祈神祭祀活动、丧葬活动等方面;彝族体育舞蹈具有自娱、娱人、娱神、娱鬼等多重功能,舞蹈主要功能随着活动场所的不同而呈现主次;原始宗教对彝族体育舞蹈的形成发展均具有重要影响,而这种影响带有两重性。

  11. 略论《聊斋志异》中女性的口才%On female eloquence in Liao Zhai Zhi Yi



    Many female figures are created in Liao Zhai Zhi Yi,Who are with different style,figure,talent,especially eloquence.Their eloquence includes persuading,reply and humour.%《聊斋志异》塑造的女性,人数众多,风格各异,形象清新鲜活,表现了女子多方面的才能,特别是女性的口才,更是给读者留下了鲜明深刻的印象。《聊斋》女性的口才突出地表现为:劝说口才、应答口才、打趣口才。

  12. YiQiFuMai powder injection ameliorates blood–brain barrier dysfunction and brain edema after focal cerebral ischemia–reperfusion injury in mice

    Cao GS


    Full Text Available Guosheng Cao, Xinyi Ye, Yingqiong Xu, Mingzhu Yin, Honglin Chen, Junping Kou, Boyang Yu Jiangsu Key Laboratory of TCM Evaluation and Translational Research, Department of Complex Prescription of TCM, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing, People’s Republic of China Abstract: YiQiFuMai powder injection (YQFM is a modern preparation derived from the traditional Chinese medicine Sheng-Mai-San. YQFM is widely used in clinical practice in the People’s Republic of China, mainly for the treatment of microcirculatory disturbance-related diseases. However, little is known about its role in animals with ischemic stroke. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of YQFM on brain edema and blood–brain barrier (BBB dysfunction induced by cerebral ischemia–reperfusion (I/R injury. Male C57BL/6J mice underwent right middle cerebral artery occlusion for 1 hour with a subsequent 24-hour reperfusion to produce I/R injury. YQFM (three doses: 0.336, 0.671, and 1.342 g/kg was then given intraperitoneally (IP. The results demonstrated that YQFM significantly decreased infarct size, improved neurological deficits, reduced brain water content, and increased cerebral blood flow after I/R injury. 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose micro-positron emission tomography imaging and hematoxylin and eosin staining results indicated that YQFM is able to ameliorate brain metabolism and histopathological damage after I/R. Moreover, YQFM administration reduced BBB leakage and upregulated the expression of zona occludens-1 (ZO-1 and occludin, which was confirmed by Evans Blue extravasation, Western blotting, and immunofluorescence assay. Our findings suggest that YQFM provides protection against focal cerebral I/R injury in mice, possibly by improving BBB dysfunction via upregulation of the expression of tight junction proteins. Keywords: YiQiFuMai powder injection, YQFM, ischemic stroke, blood–brain barrier, microvascular permeability, tight junctions

  13. Prevalence, awareness, medication, control, and risk factors associated with hypertension in Yi ethnic group aged 50 years and over in rural China: the Yunnan minority eye study.

    Chen, Lixing; Zong, Yuan; Wei, Tao; Sheng, Xun; Shen, Wei; Li, Jun; Niu, Zhiqiang; Zhou, Hua; Zhang, Yang; Yuan, Yuansheng; Chen, Qin; Zhong, Hua


    Hypertension is an important public health issue in China, but there are few studies examining hypertension in ethnic groups in Yunnan, China. This study, Yunnan Minority Eye Study (YMES), was initially designed to determine the prevalence and impact of eye diseases, including hypertension and diabetes mellitus. As a part of YMES, the prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension and the associated risk factors among the Yi ethnic population in rural China are reported. A population-based survey was conducted in 2012 with adult participants over 50 from rural communities in Shilin Yi Autonomous County, Yunnan Province, located in southwest China. A random cluster sampling method was used to select a representative sample. The participants' blood pressure, height, weight, and waist circumference were measured. Hypertension was defined as mean systolic blood pressure ≥140 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure ≥90 mmHg, and/or current use of antihypertensive medications. A total of 2208 adults were assessed. The prevalence of hypertension was 38.5%, and the age- and gender-adjusted prevalence was 37.0%. The proportion of patients who were aware of their hypertension among those diagnosed with hypertension was 24.8%. Of those aware of having hypertension, 23.6% took antihypertensive drugs. Among all hypertensive patients, only 7.2% had controlled their hypertension (ethnic group in China. The ratio of awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension were considerately low. Hypertension education and screening programs in rural China are recommended to improve the health status of this population.




    Full Text Available Rifampicin-resistant marker w as empl oyed as a repor ter t o detect the ad here nce and colonization of V. harve yi in s hrimp larvae. Vibri o h arve yi P1B and YA3 2. 2 were isolated f rom dead s hrimp la rv ae i n Besuki, Norther n C oast of East Jav a, while V. harveyi HB3, was isolated from pris tine sea water in Pacita n, S outhe rn Coast of E ast Ja va . Vi brio metsc hnikovii used a s bioc ontr ol a gent was i solated fr om healthy shrimp larvae in Serang, We st Java. Spontane ous mutation was c onducted to generate V. harveyi P1B, YA32.2 and HB3 resistant to rifampi cin. These mutants exhibit ed similar survival ability to t heir parent al (wild type strai ns. Signifi cant larval mortalit y was o bserv ed i n s hrimp l arv ae i noculated with YA32.2 than that of larvae ino culated with P1B. Larvae inoculated with H B 3 showed the lo w est mortality. Bacterial cell c ount of Vi brio Rf* in dead larvae w ere 103-104 cells/larvae. Isolates of Vi brio metschnikovii Z an d M as biocontrol candid ates effectively r educed the growth a nd a dherence ability of YA32.2 t o shrimp larvae. Larval mort ality in rearing water inoculat ed simultaneousl y w ith YA32.2 and V. metschnikovii was lower than the one inoculated with YA32.2 alone. Therefore, Vibrio metschnikovii Z or M could be develope d as an effective pro biotic or biocontrol agent for V. harvey i in shrimp hatcheri es.

  15. [Applying the Methodology and Practice of Microhistory: The Diary of a Confucian Doctor, Yi Mun-gǒn (1495-1567)].

    Shin, Dongwon


    Since microhistory's approach to the past is based on an understanding of and a sympathy for the concrete details of human lives, its area of interests overlaps with the history of medicine and medical humanities, which examine illness and health. If we put a specific region and society in a specific period under a microscope and increase the magnifying power, we can understand the numerous network connections among the body, illness management, and medicine and how multilayered were the knowledge and power applied to them. And this approach of using microhistory to illuminate medical history can be more effective than any other historical approach. This article focuses on Yi Mun-gǒn's extensive volumes of Mukchaeilgi (Mukchae's diary) in approaching medical history from the perspective of microhistory. Simply defined, this work is a Confucian scholar-doctor's diary. Its author, Yi Mun-gǒn, played the role of a Confucian doctor, although not professionally, during his 23-year exile, after serving in a high governmental office on the senior grade of the third court rank. Thanks to this extensive and detailed diary, we can now get adetailed andthorough picture of his medical practice in the Sǒngju region, 270 kilometers southeast of Seoul, where he was exiled. This article aims to understand the state of medical practice in the Sǒngju region in the 16thcentury through the"zoom-in" method adopted by microhistory. In particular, I will focus on the following three aspects:1) Yi Mun-gǒn's motivation for and method of medical study, 2)the character of Yi Mun-gǒn'spatient treatment as hwarin (the act of life-saving), and 3) the plural existence of various illness management methods, including pyǒngjǒm (divination of illness), sutra-chanting, exorcism, and ch'oje (ritual toward Heaven). All three aspects are closely related to Confucianism. First, Yi Mun-gǒn decided to acquire professional-level medical knowledge in order to practice the Confucian virtue of filial

  16. 滇南彝族传统祭倮仪式的人类学建构——以云南省石屏县彝族尼苏颇为例%Anthropological construction of Yi people's Ceremony Offering a Sacrifice to Luo in South of Yunnan --Example of NiSuPo Yi in Shiping County of Yunnan



    Yi people living in LongWu and ShaoChong call themselves as NiSuPo. They gather together to hold a grand ceremony of sacrificing to "Luo" in the woods each spring. Based on the field work about the ceremony offering a sacrifice to Luo on the region where NiSuPo Yi live, this paper will use functional theory, symbolism theory, the ritual process theory, interpretive theory and the practice theory to do the anthropological analysis of ceremony.%居住在云南省石屏县西北部龙武和哨冲一带的彝族尼苏颇,在每年春天都要举行隆重的祭倮活动。基于对云南省石屏县彝族尼苏颇地区的祭倮仪式的调查,本文用功能理论、象征符号理论、仪式过程理论、解释理论和实践理论对仪式进行深入的人类学分析。

  17. 浅论孙诒让《札迻·素问王冰注校》的校勘特点%Brief Discussion on SUN Yi-rang ’ s Collation Characteristics in ZHA YI SU WEN WANG BING ZHU JIAO



    SUN Yi-rang’ s ZHA YI SU WEN WANG BING ZHU JIAO played an important role in history of SU WEN’ s collation. The purpose of this paper was to sum up the characteristics of collation, that is learning widely from others' strong points, picking up the es-sence, quoting and seeking broad-mind, detailed examination and resolution, striving for realism rigorously, believing in doubt, inves-tigating the hidden mysteries of things, analysis of small things and mysteries, exploring traceability, studying comprehensively.%在《素问》的校勘史上,孙诒让的《札迻·素问王冰注校》占有十分重要的地位。将其校勘特点总结为“博采众长、撷其精英,引征广博、详审细辨,严谨求实、信守存疑,探幽索隐、析微阐奥,循流溯源、综合考辨”。

  18. 试析布摩在彝族古代社会中的地位及其变化%Analysis of Bumo Status in Ancient Society of the Yi People and its Change



    Bumo is a product of gods worshipped in particular ancestor worship of the Yi people. Bumo Yi especially class soci-ety the formation of ancient social system is very prominent, tied under the monarch and officials, formed June, officials in the class society of the Yi people and bumo regime framework. As the team expands, and bumo presided in Yi society in far-reaching and bu-mo, a pillar of the regime towards professional development. Bumo from community dignitaries gradually into a profession dedicated to worship, blessing of religious activities, such as occupational groups. Bumo into cultural and historical heritage of the Yi people, and play the role of correctional education. Protection of the heritage of Yi nationality's traditional culture, you want to play.%布摩是彝族诸神崇拜特别是祖先崇拜的产物,在彝族古代社会制度尤其是阶级社会形成以后的地位十分显要,在君长之下与臣并列,在彝族阶级社会中形成君、臣、布摩的政权构架。随着布摩队伍的扩大,以及布摩所主持活动在彝族社会中的深远影响,布摩这一政权支柱逐渐向职业化演变,即布摩从社会显要渐次变为一种职业,专司祭祀、祝福等宗教信仰活动的职业群体。布摩成为彝族文化、历史的传承人,起到教化育人的作用。保护传承彝族传统文化,要发挥好布摩这一职业群体的作用。

  19. Comparison of effect of granules and herbs of Bu-Shen-Yi-Qi-Tang on airway inflammation in asthmatic mice

    Wei Ying; Lyu Yubao; Li Mihui; Luo Qingli; Sun Jing; Liu Feng; Lin Yanhua


    Background Bu-Shen-Yi-Qi-Tang (BSYQT),which is prescribed on the basis of clinical experience,is commonly used in clinics of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) for asthma treatment.The components of BSYQT include Radix Astragali (RA),Herba Epimedii (HE) and Radix Rehmanniae (RR).The aim of this study was to compare the effect of granules and herbs of BSYQT on airway inflammation in asthmatic mice.Methods Sixty female BALB/c mice were randomly divided into the normal control (NC) group,asthmatic group (A),decoction of granules of BSYQT treatment group (GD),decoction of herbs of BSYQT treatment group (HD),and dexamethasone treatment group (DEX).The mouse asthmatic model was induced by ovalbumin (OVA) sensitization and challenge.GD and HD of BSYQT as well as DEX were prepared and administered by intragastric infusion.Airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) to methacholine (Mch),lung histopathology analysis,inflammatory mediators in serum (IL-4,IL-5,IL-17A,IFN-γ,and eotaxin) and in lung (IL-4,IL-5,IFN-γ,and eotaxin) were selected for investigation and comparison.Results Both GD and HD treatment could decrease airway resistance (RL) and increase dynamic compliance (Cdyn) to Mch compared with the A group (P <0.05).HD treatment was more effective in RL reduction than Mch at doses of 3.125 and 6.25 mg/ml (P <0.05) and in Cdyn increase at Mch doses of 6.25 and 12.5 mg/ml (P <0.05).There were no marked differences in RL reduction and Cdyn improvement between mice in HD and DEX groups (P >0.05).Both GD and HD treatment markedly attenuated lung inflammation (P <0.05),and HD treatment demonstrated more significant therapeutic function in alleviating lung inflammation than that of GD and DEX treatment (P <0.05).Both GD and HD treatment resulted in a significant reduction in IL-4 and IL-17A levels and an increase in the IFN-γ level in serum compared with the A group (P <0.05).The effect of HD in lowering the IL-4 and IL-17A level was significantly greater than that of

  20. Yi-Qi-Zeng-Min-Tang,a Chinese medicine,ameliorates insulin resistance in type 2 diabetic rats

    Zeng Zhang; Hong-Li Xue; Yi Liu; Wen-Jian Wang


    AIM:To investigate the effects of the Chinese herbal decoction,Yi-Qi-Zeng-Min-Tang (YQZMT),on insulin resistance in type 2 diabetic rats. METHODS:Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into two dietary regiments by feeding either normal pellet diet (NPD) or high fat diet (HFD).Four weeks later,the HFD-fed rats were injected intraperitoneally with lowdose streptozotocin (STZ).Rats with non-fasting blood glucose level ≥ 16.67 mmol/L were considered type 2 diabetic and further divided into five subgroups:the type 2 diabetes model group,low-dose,medium-dose and high-dose YQZMT groups,and rosiglitazone group. Age-matched NPD-fed rats served as controls.YQZMT or rosiglitazone were administered for 8 wk.Intraperitoneal glucose and insulin tolerance tests were performed before and after the treatment to measure the glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity.Serum levels of biochemical parameters,adipocytokines,such as tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α),interleukin-6 (IL-6),as well as free fatty acids (FFAs),were also analyzed. RESULTS:There was significant elevation of insulin resistance and serum levels of fasting glucose (12.82 ± 1.08 mmol/L vs 3.60 ± 0.31 mmol/L,P < 0.01),insulin (7197.36 ± 253.89 pg/mL vs 4820.49 ± 326.89 pg/mL, P < 0.01),total cholesterol (TC) (8.40 ± 0.49 mmol/L vs 2.14 ± 0.06 mmol/L,P < 0.01),triglyceride (2.24 ± 0.12 mmol/L vs 0.78 ± 0.05 mmol/L,P < 0.01),low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-c) (7.84 ± 0.51 mmol/L vs 0.72 ± 0.04 mmol/L,P < 0.01) and decrease in high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c) (0.57 ± 0.03 mmol/L vs 1.27 ± 0.03 mmol/L,P < 0.01) in the low-dose STZ and high-fat diet induced type 2 diabetic group when compared with the control group. Administration of YQZMT induced dose- and timedependent changes in insulin resistance,glucose and lipid profile,and reduced levels of FFA,TNF-α and IL-6 in the type 2 diabetic rats.After the treatment, compared with the diabetic group,the insulin resistance was ameliorated in the

  1. Relationship between Emperor Ming of the Wei Dynasty and Sima Yi%魏明帝与司马懿关系考论--兼及魏明帝朝的政治



    Sima Yi was one of the four assisting ministers Emperor Wen of the Wei Dynasty had appointed before his death. After Emperor Ming of the Wei Dynasty acceded to the throne, he dispatched Sima Yi to Jingzhou to defend the enemy. Thereafter Sima Yi was appointed the local administrator, thus he was no longer directly engaged in the court’s affairs. Before Cao Zhen’s death, Emperor Ming assigned Sima Yi to the western frontiers to fight against the northern expedition of Zhuge Liang. After Gongsun Yuan rebelled in Liaodong, Emperor Ming dispatched Sima Yi to that prefecture. He demonstrated his trust to Sima Yi’s commanding the army. This emperor did not appoint Sima Yi as one of the assisting ministers before his death, but later let him control the imperial government with Cao Shuang because of the advice of Liu Fang and Sun Zi. During the period of Emperor Ming, Chen Qun and Chen Jiao actually wielded the power and gained the trust of the emperor. However, their attitude towards Sima Yi was somewhat intriguing. Emperor Ming could make use of Sima Yi, but would not go near him. As for Sima Yi’s attitude towards Emperor Ming, he pretended to be loyal to conceal his unfaithfulness, and raised his prestige by contributing in national affairs outside the capital.%司马懿是魏文帝临终前委任的四位辅政大臣之一。魏明帝即位后,将司马懿从朝中派往荆州御敌,后委以方任,这样他不再能直接参与朝中事务。曹真病逝前,魏明帝将司马懿调到西线抵御诸葛亮的北伐。公孙渊拥兵反叛后,魏明帝又派司马懿远征辽东,并对司马懿统兵作战表现出相当的信任。魏明帝临终前委任的辅政大臣中本来没有司马懿,说明他对后者在政治上并不完全信任,但病中的他后来听信刘放、孙资的话,最终让司马懿与曹爽一同辅政。在魏明帝朝中,陈群与陈矫掌握实权并得到皇帝的信任,而他们对司马懿的态度耐人

  2. Kuva-yi Milliye Müzesindeki Sırp Kralı II. Stefan Uroš Milutin (1282-1321 Dönemine Ait Gümüş Sikke A Silver Coin of Serbian King Stephan Uros II Milutin (1282-1321 from Kuva-yi Milliye Museum

    Ceren ÜNAL


    Full Text Available Museum of Kuva-yi Milliye in Balıkesir which is located in thenorth-western part of Turkey was established in 1996. The Museum ofKuva-yi Milliye has approximately 2.500 coins from different culturesand ages. As a result of some research, done between 2011-2012August, one rare silver coin which dated back to Medieval era of Serbiawas detected.There is a silver dinar of Serbian king Stephen Uroš II Milutin(1282-1321 in Kuva-yi Milliye Museum which might have come toAnatolia with the international trade route. Serbian silver dinar wasfound together with a group of Venetian silver coins and it was wronglyclassified to Byzantine Empire which was an effective culture in thatera. Most probably, Serbian silver coin which was dated back to the endof the 13th century, might have come to the Anatolia with a trade ofVenetia. The coin which is protected in the Museum is the reflection of arich culture of Anatolia which is the center of overseas trade betweenEast and West.When Byzantine Empire began to lose its power in 12th century,the idea of independence between Balkan communities developed.Serbian Kingdom which was established in 12th century was gettingstronger gradually and its borders were extended. Therefore, SerbianKingdom reached a balance situation between the West and ByzantineEmpire. As the Serbian Kingdom, was located on the overland journeybetween the West and the East, it had effective relations with itswestern alliances. Because of its strategical location, Byzantine Empirehad to have good relations with them.This rare silver dinar most probably came to Anatolia with theVenetian merchants who were dominant in the sea trade in that era. Itwill be presented with the help of the historical background of theBalkans and Serbia. Türkiye’nin kuzeybatısında, Balıkesir ilinde yer alan Kuva-yi Milliye Müzesi 1996 yılında kurulmuştur. Kuva-yi Milliye Müzesi’nde yaklaşık olarak 2.500 adet farklı kültürler ve dönemlere ait sikke

  3. Treatment Differences and Clinical Characteristics of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome Between Yi and Han Nationality in Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture%凉山州彝族、汉族多囊卵巢综合征患者的特点及治疗差异性

    李雅琪; 宋致蓉; 廖国芳; 张瑜; 马燕; 彭俊; 杨炜婷


    Objective To discuss treatment differences and clinical characteristics between Yi and Han nationality in Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). Methods From January 2009 to December 2011, a total of 80 cases with PCOS were included into this study. They were divided into Yi group (n = 40) and Han group (n = 40) according to their nationalities. The study protocol was approved by the Kthical Review Board of Investigation in Human Being of First People s Hospital of Liangshan Prefecture. Informed consent was obtained from each participate. There had no significant differences between two groups among age, infertility years, and so on (P>0. 05). All the subjects received dimethyl biguanide + metformin hydrochloride for 3 months, and the glycometabolism indexes, body mass index (BMI) , and egg chamber changes were observed before and after the treatment. Results The level of LH, T and LH/FSH ratio decreased significantly than those before treatment (P0.05).对两组患者给予炔雌醇环丙孕酮(达英-35)+二甲双胍治疗3个月,观察治疗前、后性激素及糖代谢指标、体重指数(BMI)、卵泡变化情况等.结果 彝族组及汉族组黄体生成素(LH),睾酮(T),卵泡刺激素(FSH)及LH/FSH水平均较治疗前明显下降(P<0.05),治疗后两组葡萄糖和胰岛素的曲线下面积(AUC)均明显下降(P<0.05).结论炔雌醇环丙孕酮+二甲双胍对降低PCOS患者内分泌代谢紊乱疗效明显,但彝、汉族之间临床表现及疗效有一定差异.

  4. 论贾谊文章“清”的审美特色%A Study of the Aesthetic Characteris itcs of"Clearness"in JiaYi's Articles



    Liu Xie repeatedly mentioned Jia Yi in The Literary Mind a nd the Carving of Dragons and appreciated him very much.He appraised Jia Yi's works with "clearness"many times.Jia Yi's articles can arouse people's aes-thetic feelings of "clearness",which is due to his writing skills and his mentality .Therefore ,the characteristics of "clearness"is reflected from two aspects which are the "clearness"of the diction and the "clearness"of his mentality.%刘勰在《文心雕龙》里多次提及贾谊且对贾谊十分激赏,并多次以“清”组成的词语来评价贾谊的作品。贾谊文章给人以“清”的审美感受,除了文章运用的技巧使然外,与其心智也有很大关系。贾谊文章之“清”大致可包括文辞之清和心智之清两方面。

  5. 论司马光的易学思想及其对西夏的政策%The Yi- ology Thought of Simaguang and His policies on Western Xia



    Simaguang made an effort to insisit on the systems of authorized hierachy , from which we can learn in his thorough notes to Yi classical and speech on Dao in Yangxiong' s Taixuan. Especially he paid much attention to Confusicans The Doc- trine of the Mean and solved Western Xia and other remote clan of YI, so he claimed our Chinese peacefully living in the state of out - skirts of Yi Clan and Shenzong ' s stupid action of military.%司马光极力支持一种上起统治者下至低级官员的授权等级制度,在他详注《易经》及杨雄的《太玄》时对道进行的阐述中,这一点很明显。他也非常重视孔子的中庸之道,并以此来解决与西夏等四夷的关系,主张华夏处于中央,而与四夷安处,则天下太平,反对神宗进攻西夏的愚蠢军事行动。

  6. Adjustment of Civil Mediation of Yi Nationality and People's Mediation System%彝族民间调解与人民调解制度的调适研究



    The Yi civil mediation is an integral part of China' s civil mediation, and it has its own limitations. It is very important to combine and coordinate the civil mediation of Yi nationality and the people' s mediation. The people' s mediation is the main way of mediation, which should be integrated with the civil mediational subject, mediational basis and mediational range to solve the conflict about the civil mediation of Yi nationality and the people' s mediation.%彝族民间调解是我国民间调解的有机组成部分,又存在着自身的局限性,有必要解决彝族调解和人民调解的衔接和协调问题。要确立人民调解为主,彝族民间调解参与的原则;对彝族民间调解的调解主体、调解依据、调解范围等进行整合,以解决彝族民间调解和国家法冲突的问题。

  7. 李用粹医学理论和实践中的易学烙印%Applications of Yi theory in the medical theory and practice by LI Yong-cui

    魏飞跃; 文乐兮


    李用粹深受中国传统文化熏陶,推崇易学,不仅论病析药每每浸染易学文化色彩,而且辨证论治总能融会易学思维,尤其体现在见微知著,既病防变;分清标本缓急,相时而动;立足整体,据五行生克立法.%Li Yong-cui was deeply affected by traditional Chinese culture and accorded great importance to Yi theory. He applied Yi theory into analysis of illnesses and medicines and used thinking way of Yi in syndrome differentiation and treatments, especially in the situations like this: he could see the entirety from the small details to prevent the development of diseases; he could differentiate the symptoms and root causes, the urgent and the deferred, to take proper treatments at the right time; he could apply the rules based on the holism and the generation-inhibition among five elements.

  8. The Yi nationality Civil Mediation and modern significance benign interaction%彝族民间调解与国家法律制度的良性互动



    The Yi national minority people in several thousand year history, formed to have solved the mechanism by the Ger- man ancient mediation multiplication tradition dispute primarily. Plans in the Yi national minority tradition dispute solves in the mechanism operational aspect present situation analysis foundation, proposing that the Yi national minority tradition dispute solves the mechanism and the country legal regime's benign interaction. The conformity civil dispute mediates the resources, the carrying out multiplication mediation mechanism, constructs the big mediation pattern.%彝族人民在几千年历史中,形成了以民间德古调解为主的多元化传统纠纷解决机制。拟在彝族民间调解制度的运行情况的现状分析基础上,提出彝族民间调解与国家法律制度的良性互动,整合民间纠纷调解的资源,推行多元化调解机制,构建大调解格局。

  9. [On Bian Que and the culture of witch doctor of Eastern Yi Ethnic Group as viewed from the Picture of Bian Que's Needling in the stone-carved figure of Han Dynasty].

    Yang, J P; Wang, Z G; Lu, X


    The culture of witch doctor of the Eastern Ethnic Yi Group exerted profound influence on early acupuncture art and medicine. There is a score of Bian Que's Needling Picture in the stone-carved figure unearthed in Shandong Province, demonstrating the origin of acupuncture in the region of Eastern Yi Ethnic Group. Bian Que, with the identity of witch doctor, and"doctor stone needling witch"with the legend of a professional acupuncturing indicates the important influence of witch doctor on the origin of acupuncture art.The archeological discovery of tortoise shell, divination carved on bones, and conical needles all buried together in the Da-wen-kou culture indicates that the earliest therapy witch doctor applied was related to needling. As a representative of the Eastern Yi Ethnic Group, Bian Que,"the Father of Medical Prescription"was the embryonic form of early acupuncture art, promoted the formation and development of early medical theory, the theory of pulse feeling, being the important part of the early stage of origin of needling-pulse feeling theory.

  10. 彝族人群艾滋病知识行为状况分析%Analysis of AIDS related knowledge and behavior of Yi minority people



    Objective To understand Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome ( HIV/AIDS) related knowledge and behavioral characters among Yi people and to investigate HIV /AIDS related risk factors . Methods Questionnaire survey was conducted and the contents of the questionnaire covered the sociodemographic characters , hygienic habits , sanitation knowledge , HIV/AIDS related knowledge and attitudes , sexual behaviors and the drug use history as well .Results The illiteracy rate of respondents was 76.0 %, 87.5 %of respondents were farmers ,and the awareness rate of HIV/AIDS knowledge was 50 %around .The multi-sexual partner and the drug using phenomenon existed among the unmarried respondents .Conclusion Yi people have HIV/AIDS risk behaviors and it ’ s necessary to adopt the pertinent controlling measures .%目的:了解彝族人群艾滋病防治知识知晓情况,探索人群行为特点和影响艾滋病在该人群中流行的原因。方法对彝族人群开展问卷调查,内容包括人口学特征、生活习惯、基本卫生常识、艾滋病相关知识、态度、近期性行为、吸毒史等。结果调查对象文盲占76.0%,农民占87.5%,艾滋病防治知识知晓率不高,为50%左右,非“在婚”人群有多性伴和吸毒现象。结论彝族人群存在艾滋病传播的各种高危行为,有感染艾滋病的风险,需要采取有针对性的防治措施。

  11. 张杲《医说》版本知见录%An introduction on the editions of Zhang Gao's Yi shuo (Medical Narrations)

    王旭光; 陆翔


    Zhang Gao's Yi shuo (Medical Narrations) of the Southern Song Dynasty had 2 kinds of editions:domestic editions and foreign editions.The former includes 1 Song edition,14 Ming editions,3 Qing editions and 25 editions after the Republic of China.The latter,mainly 2 classes,the Japanese edition and Korean printing type edition.In the Ming Dynasty,the editions of Yi shuo generated 2 branches:inherited edition and supplementary edition.The inherited editions include Gu Dingfang's edition,Zhang Yaode's edition,Wu Mianxue's edition,Wu Zhongheng's edition,Wang Kentang's edition,editions from Si ku quan shu (Imperial Collection of Four),stereotype edition of the 3th year of Xuantong reign (1911) from Shanghai Civilization Bookstore,edition of the 2nd year of Manji of Japan etc.The supplemental editions inelude Zhang Zili's edition,Shen Fan's edition,Fu Feng'ao's edition,transcript of the late Ming Dynasty preserved in the Library of Peking University,and Korean printing type edition etc.%南宋医家张杲的《医说》有国内出版本和国外出版本2类.国内出版本可分为宋本、明本、清本、民国以来诸本,目前可以知见宋本1种、明本14种、清本3种、民国以来诸本25种.国外出版本主要有日本刊本、朝鲜活字本2类.《医说》的版本,在明代产生了原本传承本和增补本2个分支.原本传承本有顾定芳刊本、张尧德刊本、吴勉学刊本、吴中珩刊本、王肯堂刊本、《四库全书》诸本、清宣统三年(1911)上海文明书局铅字排印本、日本万治二年(1659)刊本等.增补本有张子立刊本、沈藩刊本、傅凤翱刊本、北京大学图书馆藏明末抄本、朝鲜活字本等.

  12. On Communication of Myths in the Region of Tibetan, Qiang and Yi Corridor%“藏羌彝走廊”的神话交流初探



    “藏羌彝走廊”是中国一个多民族聚居地带,这里有丰富的神话资源。既有“大洪水”“、兄妹成亲”等世界性母题,也有在走廊中被广泛采用的“磨盘”等象征体。走廊这个空间结构,促进了民族间的文化交流,这在采用相同象征体这一点上就可以看出。%Tibetan, Qiang and Yi Corridor is a habitat for multiple ethnic groups, with abundant mytholog⁃ical resources. A large variety of topics are present in their mythology, including the universally preva⁃lent flooding, marriage between brothers and sisters, as well as the symbol“millstones, well-known in this re⁃gion. The corridor promotes communication between these ethnic groups, which can be exempli⁃fied by the fact that the same symbol is shared by them.

  13. [Textual research on Guang dong xin yu (New Sayings of Guangdong) quoted in Ben cao gang mu shi yi (Supplements to Compendium of Materia Medica].

    Zhang, Ruixian; Zhang, Wei; Li, Jian; Liang, Fei


    Altogether 15 terms for Guang dong xin yu (New Sayings of Guangdong) were used in Ben cao gang mu shi yi (Supplements to Compendium of Materia Medica), including Yue yu (Cantonese sayings), Chong yu (Sayings from Insect Drug), Jie yu (Sayings from Crustacean Drug), Xin yu (New Sayings), Yue hai xiang yu (Fragrant Sayings from Cantonese Region), Yue zhi mu yu (Sayings from Plants in Cantonese Annals), Guang dong suo yu (Trivial Sayings from Guangdong), Yue shan lu (Records of Cantonese Mountains), Yue lu (Cantonese Records), Jiao guang lu (Joint Guangdong Records), Yue cao zhi (Records of Cantonese Grasses), Guang guo lu (Records of Guangdong Fruits), Nan yue suo ji (Trivial Records of Southern Canton), Guang zhi (Guangdong Records), Yue zhi (Cantonese Records) etc. dealing with 57 sorts of drugs (with individual overlapping ones), the author of Xin yu was Qu Dajun, a surviving fogy of the Ming Dynasty actively involved in the activities to restore the old dynasty and resist the Qing Dynasty, and was persecuted in the literary inquisition in which his works were burnt so that Zhao Xuemin, when quoting his texts, had to go in a roundabout way.

  14. Translation Study on Yang Yi and Emily Bronte%杨苡与艾米莉勃朗特的译介



    Emily Bronte,one of the widely -known Bronte sisters,enjoys a high reputation in the history of world literature. Her only novel "Wuthering Heights"intensively represents her literary achievement.This paper reviews the translation and a-nalysis of Emily Bronte's work.It also centers on the life of the translator -Yang Yi and analyzes her creation and writing style.%艾米莉勃朗特是世界文学史上享有盛誉的“勃朗特三姐妹”之一,她唯一的小说《呼啸山庄》集中代表和体现了她在文学上的成就。本文回顾梳理了艾米莉作品在中国的译介、研究概况,并对译者杨苡的生平进行了介绍,对其创作情况及写作风格等进行了剖析。

  15. YiQiFuMai powder injection ameliorates blood-brain barrier dysfunction and brain edema after focal cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury in mice.

    Cao, Guosheng; Ye, Xinyi; Xu, Yingqiong; Yin, Mingzhu; Chen, Honglin; Kou, Junping; Yu, Boyang


    YiQiFuMai powder injection (YQFM) is a modern preparation derived from the traditional Chinese medicine Sheng-Mai-San. YQFM is widely used in clinical practice in the People's Republic of China, mainly for the treatment of microcirculatory disturbance-related diseases. However, little is known about its role in animals with ischemic stroke. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of YQFM on brain edema and blood-brain barrier (BBB) dysfunction induced by cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. Male C57BL/6J mice underwent right middle cerebral artery occlusion for 1 hour with a subsequent 24-hour reperfusion to produce I/R injury. YQFM (three doses: 0.336, 0.671, and 1.342 g/kg) was then given intraperitoneally (IP). The results demonstrated that YQFM significantly decreased infarct size, improved neurological deficits, reduced brain water content, and increased cerebral blood flow after I/R injury. 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose micro-positron emission tomography imaging and hematoxylin and eosin staining results indicated that YQFM is able to ameliorate brain metabolism and histopathological damage after I/R. Moreover, YQFM administration reduced BBB leakage and upregulated the expression of zona occludens-1 (ZO-1) and occludin, which was confirmed by Evans Blue extravasation, Western blotting, and immunofluorescence assay. Our findings suggest that YQFM provides protection against focal cerebral I/R injury in mice, possibly by improving BBB dysfunction via upregulation of the expression of tight junction proteins.

  16. The Modern Explanation by Algebra Group for the Yi-ology%《易经》学说的现代群论解释

    熊辉; 蔡思洁


    By defining some modem algebraical algorithm and orthogonal transformation rules, it is found that bringing the Yi-ology into Modem Algebra is feasible. Furthermore, it' s also reasonable to establish the Algebra Group and orthogonal transfor- mation on the theory of the nine-grid and eight divinatorytrigram.%《易经》中涉及到简单的数学原理是众多学者的共识。经过深入的研究还可以发现,《易经》中的阴阳、五行和八卦还有纳入近世代数的可能。经过在八卦和九宫图中定义某些代数运算和正交变换等法则,可以发现,在中国古人的阴阳学说与卦象上建立代数群是可行的。

  17. A Study on Jiao Shi Yi Lin’ s Gods Faith%从《焦氏易林》看汉代的神灵信仰



    As a special cultural classic written roughly in the period of the mid-late Western Han Dynasty and the early Eastern Han Dynasty,Jiao Shi Yi Lin contains richly historical and cultural information. Record about Han people’ s faith to gods,such as the God Sun, the God Moon, the God Wind, the God Rain, the God Land and the God Mountain, shows us their complex gods faith world, and makes us understand their spirit world and knowledge system and their behaviors in daily life affected by this kind of spirit world and knowledge system more minutely and deeply.%《焦氏易林》作为一部大致成书于西汉中晚期至东汉初期的特殊文化典籍,蕴含着丰富的历史文化信息。其中关于日神、月神、风神、雨神、社神和山神崇拜的内容向我们展现了汉代人复杂的神灵信仰世界,使我们更细致、更深入地了解时人的精神世界和知识系统,以及时人在这种精神世界和知识系统影响下的日常生活行为。

  18. 彝族舞蹈擦大钹丧葬仪式节目程式分析研究%Yi dance Rub Cymbals Funeral Ceremony Program Analysis



    少数民族民俗舞蹈是中华民族传统文化的组成部分。云南保山彝族村寨在长期的生活中,形成了既有历史传承性又有自身创造发展的舞蹈擦大钹民俗舞蹈。这种舞蹈集民俗、武术、杂耍为一体。本文通过对保山市瓦窑村擦大钹表演者的调查采访,主要对擦大钹丧葬仪式中节目的程式进行论述。%Ethnic Folk dance is an integral part of Chinese traditional culture. Baoshan Yi village life in the long terms, the formation of both the historical heritage but also create their own dance development rub cymbals folk dance. This set of folk dance, martial arts, and acrobatics as a whole. Based on the village of Baoshan City Wayao rub cymbals performers survey interview, mainly to rub cymbals funeral ceremony of the program are discussed in the program.

  19. 撒米落彝族婚俗仪式及文化特征%Wedding Customs and Cultural Change of the Yi Nationality in Samiluo Village



    Wedding customs are folk-customs which are of institutions.The changing process of the wed-ding customs of the Yi Nationalities in Samiluo village, Xundian county,Yunnan province has the characters of both traditional and fresh. Though the maintenance and changes of the wedding customs are in coherence with the development of the society and with the changing times, the permeation of new wedding customs and the in-heritance of traditional customs still have a long way to go before they are generally accepted by the society.%婚姻礼仪是有关婚姻的民俗行为,具有制度性。从彝族婚俗礼与婚俗文化特征的个案来看,云南寻甸撒米落彝族的婚俗礼仪呈现出传统婚俗与现代婚姻文化并存现象,撒米落彝族的传统婚俗文化的保持与文化特征是与现代社会的发展与时代变化相调适的结果。

  20. Bu-Zhong-Yi-Qi Decoction, the Water Extract of Chinese Traditional Herbal Medicine, Enhances Cisplatin Cytotoxicity in A549/DDP Cells through Induction of Apoptosis and Autophagy

    Xiong, Ying


    Cisplatin is one of the most active cytotoxic agents for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treatment. However, the development of cisplatin resistance is common. Bu-Zhong-Yi-Qi decoction (BZYQD), a Chinese traditional herbal medicine, is widely used for the enhancement of antitumor effect in other medications. In this study, we evaluated the effect and drug-resistance reversal mechanism of BZYQD combined with cisplatin on cisplatin-resistant A549/DDP cells. Our results showed that BZYQD exhibited direct cytotoxic and chemosensitizing effects. Cotreatment with BZYQD and cisplatin induced intrinsic apoptotic pathways which were measured by condensed nuclear chromatin, Annexin V/PI apoptosis assay, and apoptosis related proteins expression. In addition, cotreatment with BZYQD and cisplatin also activated autophagy, as indicated by an increase in LC3 puncta, classical autophagosomes and/or autolysosomes, and an accumulation of LC3-II and ATG7 protein. Finally, cotreatment with BZYQD and cisplatin resulted in the generation of ROS and scavenging ROS by NAC almost completely suppressing cell death. These results suggest that cotreatment with BZYQD and cisplatin might reverse cisplatin resistance by inducing ROS accumulation, which activates apoptosis and autophagy by oxidative stress. The combination of BZYQD and cisplatin may represent a novel approach in treatment for NSCLC and thus offer a new target for chemotherapy.

  1. YI Xianrong’s experience in treating anorectal diseases%衣先荣教授诊治肛肠病经验

    马一铭; 张盈


    Professor YI Xianrong thinks that the treatment of anorectal diseases should be combining the theory of Em-peror’s Canon of Medicine,the syndrome types are mainly of anorectal dis ease syndrome of intestine - dryness fluid deficiency of Constipation,syndrome of deficiency for spleen and stomach qi of diarrhoea,syndrome of damp heat sta-sis of periappendicular abscess,syndrome of intermingled heat and cold of syncope due to ascariasis. He advocated use nourishing yin and clearing heat,moistening dryness for relaxing bowels,strengthening spleen and nourishing qi and excreting dampness to stop Diarrhea,clearing heat and removing toxicity,eliminating perianal abscess,reducing heat of Shangjiao and dispelling cold of Xiajiao,calming ascaris to relieve pain for diagnosis and treatment of anorectal disease.%衣先荣教授认为,肛肠病诊治时应结合《内经》理论,从肠燥津亏秘结证、脾胃气虚泄泻证、湿热瘀滞肠痈证、寒热错杂蛔厥证加以分型,治疗上采用滋阴清热、润燥通便,健脾益气、渗湿止泻,清热解毒、排脓消痈,清上温下、安蛔止痛等法。

  2. An extract of a formula used in the traditional chinese medicine (Buzhong Yi Qi Wan) alters the labeling of blood constituents with technetium-99m

    Giani, Tania Santos; Paoli, Severo de; Brandao-Neto, Jose; Medeiros, Aldo da Cunha [Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN), Natal, RN (Brazil). Centro de Ciencias da Saude. Programa de Pos-graduacao em Ciencias da Saude]. E-mail:; Presta, Giuseppe Antonio; Maiworm, Adalgisa Ieda; Santos Filho, Sebastiao David; Fonseca, Adenilson de Souza da [Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UERJ), RJ (Brazil). Inst. de Biologia Roberto Alcantara Gomes. Lab. de Radiofarmacia Experimental; Bernardo-Filho, Mario [Instituto Nacional de Cancer (INCa), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Centro de Pesquisa Basica


    Buzhong Yi Qi Wan (Buzhong) is a medicinal herb widely used in Traditional Chinese Medicine to treat the digestive and circulatory systems. Red blood cell and plasma proteins labeled with technetium-99m ({sup 99m}Tc) are used in nuclear medicine. The aim of this work was to investigate the effects of an aqueous Buzhong extract on the labeling of blood constituents with {sup 99m}Tc. Heparinized blood (Wistar rats) was incubated in vitro with different Buzhong extract concentrations and {sup 99m}Tc-labeling was performed. Plasma (P) and blood cells (BC) were separated and soluble (SF-P, SF-BC) and insoluble (IF-P, IF-BC) fractions were isolated. The radioactivity on blood constituents was determined and the percentage of incorporated radioactivity (%ATI) was calculated. Buzhong extract at the highest concentrations used altered significantly (p<0.05) the %ATI in blood constituents. Substances present in the Buzhong extract could alter the cellular membrane and/or generation of free radicals that have oxidant properties modifying the labeling of blood constituents with {sup 99}mTc. (author)

  3. Identification of the chemical constituents of Chinese medicine Yi-Xin-Shu capsule by molecular feature orientated precursor ion selection and tandem mass spectrometry structure elucidation.

    Wang, Hong-ping; Chen, Chang; Liu, Yan; Yang, Hong-Jun; Wu, Hong-Wei; Xiao, Hong-Bin


    The incomplete identification of the chemical components of traditional Chinese medicinal formula has been one of the bottlenecks in the modernization of traditional Chinese medicine. Tandem mass spectrometry has been widely used for the identification of chemical substances. Current automatic tandem mass spectrometry acquisition, where precursor ions were selected according to their signal intensity, encounters a drawback in chemical substances identification when samples contain many overlapping signals. Compounds in minor or trace amounts could not be identified because most tandem mass spectrometry information was lost. Herein, a molecular feature orientated precursor ion selection and tandem mass spectrometry structure elucidation method for complex Chinese medicine chemical constituent analysis was developed. The precursor ions were selected according to their two-dimensional characteristics of retention times and mass-to-charge ratio ranges from herbal compounds, so that all precursor ions from herbal compounds were included and more minor chemical constituents in Chinese medicine were identified. Compared to the conventional automatic tandem mass spectrometry setups, the approach is novel and can overcome the drawback for chemical substances identification. As an example, 276 compounds from the Chinese Medicine of Yi-Xin-Shu capsule were identified. © 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  4. Ramet Population Structure of Fargesia nitida (Mitford)Keng f. et Yi in Different Successional Stands of the Subalpine Coniferous Forest in Wolong Nature Reserve

    Xiao-Hong Yu; Jian-Ping Tao; Yuan Li; Yong-Jian Wang; Yi Xi; Wei-Yin Zhang; Run-Guo Zang


    Forest structure and succession in Wolong Nature Reserve is influenced by the understory dwarf bamboo population. However, less is known about how the forest succession affects the dwarf bamboo population.To examine the bamboo ramet population growth of Fargesia nitida (Mitford) Keng f. et Yi and to determine how ramet population structure varies along the succession of coniferous forest, we sampled ramet populations of F. nitida from the following three successional stages:(i) a deciduous broad-leaved (BL)stand;(ii) a mixed broad-leaved coniferous (MI) stand;and (iii) a coniferous (CF) stand. We investigated the population structure, biomass allocation, and morphological characteristics of the bamboo ramet among the three stand types. Clonal ramets, constituting the bamboo population, tended to become short and small with succession. The ramet changed towards having a greater mass investment in leaves, branches and underground roots and rhizomes rather than in the culm. With respect to leaf traits, individual leaf mass and area in the BL stand were markedly bigger than those in both the MI and CF stands, except for no significant difference in specific leaf area. The age distribution showed that the bamboo population approached an older age with succession. The results demonstrate that the ramet population structure of F.nitida is unstable and its growth performance is inhibited by succession.

  5. 彝族英雄史诗《戈阿娄》文化人类学阐释%A Cultural Anthropology Research on the Yi Epic Gealou



    彝族英雄史诗《戈阿娄》蕴含着丰富的历史、民族与宗教文化内涵,以文化人类学视角阐释戈阿娄的英雄事迹以及诺苏人的社会文化事项,可延伸《戈阿娄》的历史文化研究价值.本文通过解读史诗中以"马"为代表的民俗文化符号,管窥其特定的象征释义; 剖析史诗中毕摩占卦、念经文、火葬、跳海马等文化现象所呈现的宗教仪式,溯源诺苏人的宗教信仰体系.%the "Gealou" of Yi people's heroic epic has a rich cultural connotation of history, ethnic and religion , to research the heroics of Gealou and social and cultural matters of the Nuosu based on the cultural anthropology, it can extend the historical and cultural research value of the "Gealou" . By inter-preting the epic folk cultural symbols that with"horse" as the representative, to glimpse the specific sym-bol interpretation;analysis the religious that be presented in the epic of the Bimo divination, chanting the text, cremation, Haima jump and other cultural phenomena , to retroact the Nuosu religious system.

  6. 基于易学与堪舆学的人地关系和谐论思辨%Speculation of Human-earth Harmony Theory Based on Yi Studies and Geomancy



    out that Yi Studies is not only philosophy but also philosophical methodology for studying man-land relationship by human geography. It discusses the scientific nature of Zhou Yi which collects most of the harvests in Yi Studies. It also studies "Joseph Needham's puzzle" in passing with an answer given. This paper states that the long developing process marked by four historic periods of Yi Studies is a philosophic evolution of Yi Studies in understanding the laws of man-land relationship. It discusses the laws of man-land relationship indicated by philosophical thoughts of Lianshan Yi, Guicang Yi and Zhou Yi. It places more emphasis on the study of a philosophical methodology of human geography-the interpretation of man-land relationship by Zhou Yi. Geomancy originated from Yi Studies, and therefore, there was no geomancy without Yi Studies. Modern geomancy is closely interrelated with China's human geography. The reasons are shown as follows. (1) Physical geographical environmental factors are the basis of geomancy. (2) A mass of geographical knowledge and methods are the stanchion of geomancy study. (3) The core of geomancy study is man-land relationship. The paper studies dialectical relationship between human-earth harmoniousness theory, Zhou Yi and geomancy and reveals the roles of Zhou Yi and geomancy play in research and coordination of man-land relationship. As viewpoints of geomancy are quite different, Chinese modern human geography should unscramble its special field-geomancy historically, objectively, scientifically and dialectically. Correspondently, the practical process of modern geomancy is discussed with the layout of the overall planning of Guoling International Tourism Holiday District of Qinghai Yellow River as an example. Geomancy contains certain superstition, but it also has important scientific thoughts. We should neither cover its pseudoscientificity with its scientificity, nor should we deny its scientificity by its pseudoscientificity. If

  7. On Cultural Spirit of Heroic Epic of Zhigealu of Yi Nationality%支格阿鲁英雄史诗的文化精神



    支格阿鲁是广泛流传于云贵川桂等广大彝族地区的被神话了的英雄人物,无论在民间的口头传说中,还是在经籍史料中都有广泛提及。支格阿鲁的故事不仅在经籍史料中有着差异,而且在不同地域的文字记载和故事传说也有差异。支格阿鲁在史料中积极进取、不畏强敌的大无畏精神和在传说故事中不惧妖魔、身体力行、不畏权威的自强精神,形成了支格阿鲁自尊自强、仗义执行、乐于奉献、无私无畏的文化精神。%The story of Zhigealu is widespread in majority areas of Yunnan, Guizhou, Sichuan, Guangxi as Yi myth hero.Both in oral folk legend, and there it is still widely referred to by the membership in the histor⁃ical data. Zhigealu story has not only differences in historical classics, but there are differences in different re⁃gions of written records and tales. Zhigealu proactive in supporting historical data, the dauntless spirit of fear of enemies and fear of demons in the legendary story, personally, defying the authority of self-reliance, self-es⁃teem to form a branched Zhigealu, generous attempts execution, dedication, selfless cultural spirit.

  8. Title AnalysisofEast Emperor Tai Yi inNine Songs%《九歌·东皇太一》篇题解



    Donghuangtaiyi, who is worshipped inEast Emperor Tai Yi, the first article inNine Songs, should be regarded as the original god in the god worship system of Chu State and who is superior to all the other gods. According to the records from ancient times and the documents unearthed in recent years,Taiyiis a godlike concept which is beyond the heaven and the earth. It is in the north that can not only produce water but also hide itself in the water, which is the supremacy of heaven. Donghuang is closely related to the orientation of worship, the origin of the clan and the choice of date of Chu State. And in taking the history of Chu State and Qu Fu texts into consideration, Donghuangtaiyi is the ancestor of ZhuanXu Gao Yangshi in Chu State.%作为《九歌》中的第一篇,《东皇太一》所祭祀的对象--东皇太一应为楚国神祀系统中的元始天神,高于其他一切神祗。结合先秦传世文献和近年来出土文献的记载,“太一”其实是一个被神化的概念,他超越于天地,居于北方,能生水并藏于水,是至高无上的天神。而“东皇”之名与楚国祭祀的方位、氏族发展源流及择日有关。再联系楚国历史与屈赋文本,东皇太一实则应指楚之始祖天帝颛顼高阳氏。

  9. Contamination and Human Health Risk Assessment of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) in Oysters After the Wu Yi San Oil Spill in Korea.

    Loh, Andrew; Yim, Un Hyuk; Ha, Sung Yong; An, Joon Geon; Kim, Moonkoo


    After the collision of the Singapore-registered oil tanker M/V Wu Yi San into the oil terminal of Yeosu, Korea on January 31, 2014, approximately 900 m(3) of oil and oil mixture were released from the ruptured pipelines. The oil affected more than 10 km of coastline along Gwangyang Bay. Emergency oil spill responses recovered bulk oil at sea and cleaned up the stranded oil on shore. As part of an emergency environmental impact assessment, region-wide monitoring of oil contamination in oyster had been conducted for 2 months. Highly elevated concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were detected at most of the spill affected sites. Four days after the spill, the levels of PAHs in oysters increased dramatically to 627-81,000 ng/g, the average of which was 20 times higher than those found before the spill (321-4040 ng/g). The level of PAHs in these oysters increased until 10 days after the spill and then decreased. Due to the strong tidal current and easterly winter winds, the eastern part of the Bay-the Namhae region-was heavily contaminated compared with other regions. The accumulation and depuration of spilled oil in oyster corresponded with the duration and intensity of the cleanup activities, which is the first field observation in oil spill cases. Human health risk assessments showed that benzo[a]pyrene equivalent concentrations exceeded levels of concern in the highly contaminated sites, even 60 days after the spill.

  10. Cardioprotection against ischemia/reperfusion injury by QiShenYiQi Pill® via ameliorate of multiple mitochondrial dysfunctions

    Chen JR


    Full Text Available Jing Rui Chen,1–3 Jing Wei,1–3 Ling Yan Wang,1–3 Yan Zhu,1–3 Lan Li,1–3 Mary Akinyi Olunga,1–3 Xiu Mei Gao,1–3 Guan Wei Fan1–31Tianjin State Key Laboratory of Modern Chinese Medicine, Tianjin, People’s Republic of China; 2Key Laboratory of Pharmacology of Traditional Chinese Medicine Formulae, Ministry of Education, 3Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Tianjin, People’s Republic of ChinaAim: To investigate the potential cardioprotective effects of QiShenYiQi Pill® (QSYQ on myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R injury through antioxidative stress and mitochondrial protection.Methods and results: Sprague Dawley rats were pretreated with QSYQ or saline for 7 days and subjected to ischemia (30 minutes occlusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery and reperfusion (120 minutes. Cardiac functions were evaluated by echocardiogram and hemodynamics. Myocardial mitochondria were obtained to evaluate changes in mitochondrial structure and function, immediately after 120 minutes reperfusion. Pretreatment with QSYQ protected against I/R-induced myocardial structural injury and improved cardiac hemodynamics, as demonstrated by normalized serum creatine kinase and suppressed oxidative stress. Moreover, the impaired myocardial mitochondrial structure and function decreased level of ATP (accompanied by reduction of ATP5D and increase in the expression of cytochrome C. Myocardial fiber rupture, interstitial edema, and infiltrated leukocytes were all significantly ameliorated by pretreatment with QSYQ.Conclusion: Pretreatment of QSYQ in Sprague Dawley rats improves ventricular function and energy metabolism and reduces oxidative stress via ameliorating multiple mitochondrial dysfunctions during I/R injury.Keywords: QSYQ, ischemia/reperfusion injury, energy metabolism, mitochondria

  11. Management Characteristics and Modern Significance in the Novel of Tang Dynasty DouYi%唐人小说《窦乂》的经营特征及现代意义



    Of all the novels about merchants, DouYi, created in Tang Dynasty is meant to be the most sig⁃nificant one. The protagonist Dou Yi was a visionary merchant with superb management skills. He started busi⁃ness from scratch, attaching importance to primitive accumulation. He set up business in industry and com⁃merce through producing commodities. He extended operations by promoting real estate. He paid special atten⁃tion to interpersonal relationship, thereby optimizing profits. He contributed to the community by rationally al⁃locating assets. Dou Yi in himself, with his deeds provides inspirations and revelations in terms of consistent faithfulness, self-improvement, and the quest for success.%唐人小说《窦乂》,是商贾类小说中的名篇。小说主人公窦乂,是一位精通经营、目光远大的真正商人。他白手起家,注重原始积累;兴办实业,进行商品制造;拓展领域,推动房地联产;重视“人脉”,实现利润优化;回馈社会,合理分配资产。窦乂其人的所作所为,提供了坚守信念、提高能力、成就事业等多方面的借鉴与启示。

  12. Four-character Loanwords from Japanese in the Chinese Newspaper QingYiBao(1898-1901)%《清议报》中的四字日语借词



    The period around which QingYiBao began to boom coincides with the increase of unidiomatic four-character words in Chinese. For this reason, the importance of QingYiBao as a source for research into historical lexicology cannot be ignored. In addition, former studies of loanwords from Japanese mainly focused on distinguishing and sorting out two-character Japanese loanwords, while three-character and four-character Japanese loanwords were paid little attention, and related disquisitions are also rare. In the view of the above-mentioned facts, this article takes the four-character words in QingYiBaoas the object of study, distinguishes loanwords from the Japanese origin, and summarizes related study methods.%《清议报》(1898-1901)前后正是汉语中非熟语类四字词开始增多的时段,其作为词汇史研究资料的重要性不容忽视。同时,以往在研究日语借词时,总是把重点放在辨别与整理二字日语借词方面,而对三字、四字形式的日语借词则关注不多,很少有人对此进行专题讨论。有鉴于此,本文将以《清议报》中四字词为研究对象,在辨别日语借词的同时,也对相关的研究方法进行归纳。

  13. 抗战时期陈毅统一战线工作的特点%The Characteristics of Chen Yi's United Front Work during the Anti-Japanese War



    During the Anti-Japanese War, comrade Chen Yi took good use of his extraordinary courage and insight and superb struggle art as a politician and military strategist, adhered to the party's anti-Japanese national united front for promote all the power of unity and strive for unity to around our party and army, and stroke out one after another and the song of the sweep. In this period, the basic characteristics of comrade Chen Yi's united front work mainly include: forming a literary circle to make friends, and take full advantage of all kinds of contradiction to make more people be friends, and so on. Comrade Chen Yi's thoughts of united front still have certain reference significance for today's united front work.%抗日战争时期,陈毅同志以政治家、军事家的非凡胆识和高超的斗争艺术,坚持党的抗日民族统一战线。把一切可以争取和团结的力量争取团结到我党我军的周围,奏出了一曲曲军政全胜的凯歌。这一时期陈毅同志统战工作的基本特点主要有:身体力行,谓为表率;以文会友,广交朋友;真心纳谏,虚怀若谷;利用矛盾,化敌为友;关怀朋友,以诚待人。陈毅同志的统战思想对当今的统战工作仍具有一定的借鉴意义。

  14. 《柳毅传》龙女形象新论%Yi Liu 's Biography: a New Comment on the Dragon King's Daughter



    The origin on the subject of the Tang legend " Yi Liu 's biography", is influenced by the story of Dragon king's daughter owing a debt of gratitude in Buddhist Scripture of India.And it is produced in the process of chinization and seholarization?. While 〈 Yi Liu 's biography 〉?is prasing for Yi Liu 's personal loyalty ?, it also described a new image of dragon king's daughter which is dovetailed with the chinese traditional concept full of gratitude.And the marriage between them is actually the embodiment of the Dragon king's daughetr ?owing a debt of gratitude. This can be Traced to the Same Origins with the archetype of dragon king's daughter.%唐传奇《柳毅传》就题材来源说,应该是受到印度佛经中龙女报恩故事的影响并且在其中国化、文人化的过程中产生的。《柳毅传》在歌颂柳毅的“义”的同时,还为我们描写了一位崭新的但又与中国传统思想相契合的“知恩图报”的龙女形象。而龙女和书生柳毅的婚姻其实就是龙女报恩思想的体现,这和龙女故事的报恩原型也是一脉相承的。

  15. 彝族舞蹈“擦大钹”的风格特点及成因探析%The Features and Origin of the Yi Dance-Ca Da Bo

    熊云; 段泗英; 庞迪蓉


    “擦大钹”是流传在保山市隆阳区瓦房彝族乡彝族聚居村落的一种将舞蹈、杂耍、武术、打击吹奏乐融为一体的独具特色的彝族民间传统舞蹈。“擦大钹”舞蹈具有蹈多于舞,“顺边”体态;粗犷豪迈,诙谐风趣;类型丰富,程式多样;动作反复,即兴表演;大钹主导,伴奏多样等的风格特点。其特点的形成与彝族的自然生活环境、生产劳动、民族精神、人生态度、宗教信仰、风俗习惯、舞蹈所属的风格类型和古代军事战争等有着密切的关系。%Ca Da Bo is a unique Yi traditional dance which combines dance, acrobatics, martial art and percussion music, it is popularly played around the Yi villages in Wafang township. Ca Da Bo s featured by more steps than dances,“shunbian”posture, straightforward, humor, abun-dant types, repetition of moves, improvisational performance, and diversity of accompaniment. These features are closely related to the living environment, daily work, spirit, values of life, re-ligious belief, custom, and ancient military events of Yi people.

  16. 动易内容管理系统在图书馆网站建设中的应用%The Application of DongYi Content Management System in Library Website Construction

    耿麒麟; 周雨


    本文首先介绍了建设图书馆网站的重要性及作用,其次结合笔者的建站经历介绍了动易内容管理系统在网站建设中的强大功能及应用。%The paper firstly introduced the importance of construction web site in library, Secondly, based on the experience of construction web site giving the powerful function and application.of DongYi content management system in the construction of website.

  17. 从井冈山“朱毛之争”探讨陈毅的性格特征%Exploration into the Character Traits of Chen Yi From“Zhu Mao Dispute”in Jinggangshan

    吴得民; 王庆跃


    In the late 1920s, Mao Zedong, Zhu De, Chen Yi, co-founded the Red Army and the Jinggangshan revolutionary base.But in early period of revolution, how to create a new people’s army, whether to establish the Central Military Commission or not,“Zhu Mao dispute” took place within the Red Army ,and Chen Yi was also deeply involved in the debate.The authors, from Jinggangshan“Zhu Mao struggle”, through in-depth study of revolutionary friendship created between Mao Zedong and Chen Yi in long revolutionary period,, exhibit the excellent character traits and spirit of Chen Yi,such as kindness, cheerfulness and activity, generous tolerance; magnanimous honest, being brave for self-criticism, being aboveboard, being able to speak up; dealing with people outspokenly, without cronyism, not adding insult to injury..%20世纪20年代末期,毛泽东、朱德、陈毅共同创建了红军和井冈山革命根据地。但在革命初期,在如何创建新型人民军队、是否设立军委的问题上,红军内部发生了“朱毛之争”,陈毅也卷入这场争论风波。从井冈山“朱毛之争”入手,通过深入研究毛泽东与陈毅在长期革命历程中建立的革命友情,展现了陈毅生性厚道、开朗活跃、豪爽宽容;坦荡真诚,勇于自我批判;光明磊落,敢于仗义执言;待人处事心直口快,不结党营私,不落井下石的优秀的性格特征和精神风貌。

  18. Assessment of effects of a formula used in the traditional Chinese medicine (Buzhong Yi Qi Wan on the morphologic and osmotic fragility of red blood cells Determinação dos efeitos de uma fórmula usada na medicina tradicional chinesa (Buzhong Yi Qi Wan na morfologia a fragilidade osmótica de hemácias

    Tania S. Giani


    Full Text Available Buzhong Yi Qi Wan (BYQW is a combination of some medicinal herbs widely used in traditional Chinese medicine to treat blood, spleen and stomach disorders. Morphometric analysis and osmotic fragility assay have been used to evaluate changes on membrane integrity of red blood cells. The aim of this work was to evaluate the effect of an aqueous BYQW extract on the morphology and osmotic fragility of red blood cells. Blood samples were treated with BYQW extract, quantitative/qualitative morphological analysis and osmotic fragility assay were carried out against control groups treated with saline. The data obtained indicated no modification on morphology but osmotic fragility assay suggested a significant (pBuzhong Yi Qi Wan (BYQW é uma combinação de algumas ervas medicinais amplamente usada na medicina tradicional chinesa para tratar o sangue, baço e desordens do estômago. A análise morfométrica e o ensaio de fragilidade osmótica têm sido usados para avaliar alterações na integridade da membrana de hemácias. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar os efeitos de um extrato aquoso de BYQW na morfologia e na fragilidade osmótica de hemácias. Amostras sangüíneas foram tratadas com o extrato de BYQW, análise morfológica quantitativa/qualitativa e o ensaio de fragilidade osmótica foram realizados e comparados com grupo controle tratado com salina. Os dados obtidos indicaram ausência de modificações na morfologia, mas o ensaio de fragilidade osmótica sugeriu um aumento significativo (p<0,05 da hemólise em hemácias isoladas de sangue tratado com extrato aquoso de BYQW. Em conclusão, o extrato aquoso de BYQW poderia afetar a integridade da membrana diminuindo a resistência osmótica sem alterar a forma das hemácias.

  19. 论全球化形势下彝族传统宗教的生态%On the Ecology of the Yi Nationlity Rraditional Religion under the Globalizating Situation

    王明贵; 王小丰


    在全球化形势下,彝族传统宗教与现代文明之间存在着一定的不适应,大部分凋敝,少量融合,极少部分复苏,总体上受到外来宗教的浸蚀。中国西南彝族聚居区,都有一种重建本民族传统宗教信仰的渴望和冲动,有的已经付诸实践。这是物质生活提高后的新动向,政府应该给予重视并依法积极引导和管理,满足群众合理合法的文化信仰需求。%Under the globalizating situation, there is an inadaptation between the Yi Nationlity Rraditional religion and modern civilization, Most depressed, a small amount of fused, and few recovered, eroded by foreign religion on the whole. In Yi nationality populated areas of southwest China , there is a desire and impulse to rebuild the traditional religious beliefs of their own nationality, some have already been put into practice. It is a new trend after the improvement of material life, government should pay attention to and actively guide and manage it according to law, to satisfy the reasonable and legal demands of the masses cultural beliefs.

  20. The Adaptation of Ethnic Minority Merchants to Urban Culture and An Innovative Urban Ethnic Work Method---Taking the Formation and Influence of Yi Fruit Dealers in Chengdu as a Case Study

    Ma Linying


    This article takes the Yi fruit sellers in Chengdu as a case study,and analyzes the data obtained from household interviews conducted dur-ing 2014.The author uses the data,to demonstrate the reason for the formation of the Yi fruit dealers and the impacts on their society.The author puts forward some workable recommendations for urban management concerning ethnic minority govern-ance.During the process that an ethnic minority settles into and seeks development in cities, they are eager to learn general information about the rules of urban marketing,as well as the basic rights and interests of city people.However, it was diffi-cult for them to acquire this beneficial information. In current urban management work, an interven-tion-oriented model is prioritized with regard to managing population of ethnic minorities who have come in from outside.Within the framework of ur-ban management, we must choose an approach of“prevention first, and intervention second” con-cerning the governance of this population of ethnic minorities who have come in from the outside.In other words,only by discovering and solving prob-lems in a timely and effective manner will it be possible to build a harmonious society.Therefore, this article proposes the following workable recom-mendations.

  1. [Deciphering the argots of the names of materia medica and its dosage in the Yi lin kou pu liu zhi mi shu (A Secret Medical Book of Six Therapies in Rhymes of Medical Professionals)].

    Zhou, Jian; Lin, Shiyi; Liu, Shijue


    Yi lin kou pu liu zhi mi shu (A Secret Medical Book of Six Therapies in Rhymes of Medical Professionals) was additionally compiled, supplemented and annotated by Zhou Sheng, a famous doctor of the Qing Dynasty, based on Yi lin kou pu (Rhymes of Medical Professionals) which was composed by Lu Qi. The book contains four volumes in total, dealing mainly with the miscellaneous diseases of internal medicine, as well as external medicine, gynecology, and pediatrics etc. The syndrome differentiation and treatment, prescriptions and medications in this book has its own characteristic with rather high academic value and practical significance. There were 20 drug names were deciphered by the argots, for instance, "you che" was the argot of golden thread, and "wu yue (May)" was the argot of medicinal evodia fruit, etc. In addition, the argots were often used to decipher numerals and quantifiers, for example, "su, qi, zi, qi, man" referring to 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 respectively, and "huo, pu, xiang, feng, lai" referring to 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 respectively, and "qing","zhong","xi" referring to qian, liang and fen respectively. Hence, deciphering of these argots could help to understand and apply these prescriptions correctly.

  2. Evaluation of the effects of ethinylestradiol on sexual differentiation in the olvas-GFP/STII-YI medaka (transgenic Oryzias latipes) strain as estimated by proliferative activity of germ cells

    Hano, Takeshi [National Research Institute of Fisheries and Environment of Inland Sea, Fisheries Research Agency, 2-17-5 Maruishi, Hatsukaichi, Hiroshima 739-0452 (Japan); Laboratory of Marine Environmental Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University, Hakozaki 6-10-1, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 812-8581 (Japan); Oshima, Yuji, E-mail: [Laboratory of Marine Environmental Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University, Hakozaki 6-10-1, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 812-8581 (Japan); Kinoshita, Masato [Division of Applied Biosciences, Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University, Kitashirakawa-Oiwake-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan); Tanaka, Minoru [Laboratory of Molecular Genetics for Reproduction, National Institute for Basic Biology, Nishigonaka 38, Myodaiji, Okazaki 444-8585 Aichi (Japan); Mishima, Noriko; Wakamatsu, Yuko; Ozato, Kenjiro [Laboratory of Freshwater Fish Stocks, Bioscience and Biotechnology Center, Nagoya University Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya 464-8601 (Japan); Shimasaki, Yohei; Honjo, Tsuneo [Laboratory of Marine Environmental Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University, Hakozaki 6-10-1, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 812-8581 (Japan)


    We evaluated the effects of 17(-ethinylestradiol (EE{sub 2}) on sexual differentiation in transgenic olvas-GFP/STII-YI medaka (Oryzias latipes) in terms of the proliferative activity of germ cells. This strain contains the green fluorescent protein (GFP) gene fused to the regulatory region of the medaka vasa gene, and germ cell-specific expression of GFP can be visualized in living (transparent) individuals. From 0 days post-hatch (0 dph) onwards, juveniles were exposed to graded concentrations of EE{sub 2} (25.2-1710 ng/L) for 35 days. The gonads of live specimens were monitored by measuring their size and calculating their GFP-fluorescence area. GFP-fluorescent area in control females was about 10 times that in control males at 10 days posthatch (dph) whereas the gonadal size of 10 dph males that had been exposed to 158 ng/L of EE{sub 2} significantly increased up to twice the size of control males, indicating that abnormal sexual differentiation towards female might occur in these individuals. Histological examination and identification of the sex-linked marker SL1 indicated that male to female sex reversal occurred at EE{sub 2} exposure {>=}45.1 ng/L at 35 dph. These results suggest that observation of proliferative activity of germ cells in the olvas-GFP/STII-YI strain could be applied to facilitated screening fish model to detect adverse effects on sexual differentiation as early as 10 dph juveniles.

  3. A Comparative Study on Religions in Tibetan-Yi Corridor in the View of Sociology%藏彝走廊宗教社会学比较研究刍议



    西南地区藏彝走廊是中国三大民族走廊之一。着眼藏彝走廊的大区域,针对其社会文化和生态环境特征以及多民族、多宗教状况,可以运用宗教社会学的相关理论,从宗教的起因、宗教性与意义系统、宗教与社会秩序等方面展开对多元宗教现象的比较研究。%There’re three main corridors of nationality in China,the Tibetan-Yi Corridor is one of them.Many minority groups are living in the Tibetan-Yi Corridor,and each of them has its own religion and culture.Based on the features of society and environment and the situation of diverse ethnics and religions,we can make a comparative study on diverse religions,from the origin of religion,the natures of religion,the meaning of religions and the relations between religions and social order,and other related aspects.

  4. 彝族史诗《支格阿龙》网络游戏策划的思考%Reflections on Making Yi Epic Zhigeahlu into a Cyber Game



    Full of turns and surprises, the story of Zhigeahlu has all elements ideal for a cyber game.Ours is a world of the Internet and it is, therefore, highly feasible and necessary to spread this Yi epic through an online game.This way, its rich knowledge can be used to educate the youth on the one hand and, on the other hand, the culture of the Yi can be made known to a greater population so that the local tourism can be promoted.%《支格阿龙》的故事剧情百转千回,其剧情十分适合制作成游戏。而当今社会又是互联网的社会,将《支格阿龙》改编成游戏并通过网络加以推广是有其可行性与必要性的。一方面可以发掘其中蕴含的宝贵知识,对青少年通过游戏的方式进行教育;另一方面又可以宣传民族文化,使彝族文化被更多人知晓,为彝族地区发展旅游文化提供一种新的宣称形式。

  5. Survey on Bone Mineral Density of 800 Middle and Aged People in Liangshan Yi Region%凉山彝族地区800例中老年人骨密度调查



    [Objective]To explore the bone mineral density(BMD) and the incidence of osteoporosis of middle and aged people in Liangshan Yi region in order to provide the scientific basis for the prevention and cure of osteoporosis. [Methods] The gender, age and race of 800 middle and aged people(400 women and 400 men) who were more than 45 years old and lived in Liangshan Yi region for a long time were recorded accurately. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry apparatus was used to measure the BMD of lumbar (L1 -L5) at an-teroposterior position. All these people were grouped by each 5 years old. The peak BMD reduced by 2. 5SD was taken as the diagnostic criteria of osteoporosis. [Results]The BMD gradually declined with the increasing of the age( P <0. 05). The bone mass in women over 55 years old declined more significant than that in men( P <0. 05). The incidence of osteoporosis increased with the age( P <0. 05). The incidence of osteoporosis in women was higher than that in men( P <0. 05). [Conclusion] The BMD of middle and aged people in Liangshan Yi region gradually declines with the increasing of the age, and the incidence of osteoporosis increases obviously and that of the women increases more apparently. The incidence of osteoporosis in old Yi people is lower than that in old Han people( P <0. 05) , which may be related to Yi people living in mountain area with traffic inconvenience and many walking and physical labor.%[目的]探讨凉山彝族地区中老年人骨密度(Bone mineral density BMD) 的状况及骨质疏松症的发病率,为骨质疏松防治提供科学依据.[方法]对长期居住在凉山彝族地区的45岁以上的中老年人群800名(男女各400名),准确记录性别、年龄及种族,采用双能x线骨密度仪进行腰椎(L1~L5)前后位BMD测量,并按5岁为一个年龄组分组.以峰值BMD减低2.5 标准差(s)为诊断骨质疏松症标准.[结果]随年龄增加骨密度逐渐下降(P<0.05),女性55岁后

  6. An Analysis of the Fitness Effect of Yi Jin Jing from the Perspective of Anatomy%解剖学角度下的易筋经健身功效

    张阳阳; 胡晓飞; 李辛


    目的:从解剖学的角度分析易筋经的健身功效,掌握其运动规律,让习练者更深刻地认识易筋经,有利于健身气功的推广。方法:在中国知网、万方数字资源、维普中文科技期刊等搜索“易筋经”、“解剖学”、“生理学”、“健身”、“功效”等关键词,研究相关的文献资料;查阅健身气功、健身理论与实践、运动解剖学、运动生理学、运动医学、运动创伤学等相关书籍,从肌肉、骨与关节分析易筋经的健身效果,同时结合常见疾病的病因、病理,研究其防治疾病的机理。结果:练习易筋经可以拉伸人体各部位的软组织,促进血液循环,加快疲劳的消除,缓解身体疼痛,提高肌肉、肌腱以及韧带等软组织的弹性和韧性,增强关节的活动功能,具有防治颈椎病、肩周炎、颈肩综合症、腰椎病等常见疾病的功效。在练习过程中,随着呼吸的配合,对脏腑起到天然的按摩作用,可以调理内脏器官的功能,促进新陈代谢,改善整个机体的生理功能。结论:易筋经是一种内外兼修的健身方法,通过其独特的屈伸、旋转等动作的组合,以及腹式呼吸的配合,通过“抻筋”、“拔骨”、“以形引气”的方式,可以达到外强筋骨、内壮脏腑的目的,对人体有健身、防病、延年、益寿大有裨益。%Purpose: from the perspective of Anatomy, the article analyzes the fitness effect of Yi Jin Jing and its movement rules so that Yi Jin Jing can be understood more profoundly by learners and health Qigong can be promoted. Methodology: Search key words, such as“Yi Jin Jing”,“Anatomy”, ”Physiology”, ”fitness”,“effect” in CNKI, Wanfang data and VIP and then study related literature. Besides, consult related books concerning health Qigong, health theories and practices, sports anatomy, sports physiology, sports medicine and sports

  7. 1998-2009年乐山市彝族地区艾滋病流行特征分析%AIDS Epidemiology in Yi Minority Region in Leshan

    黄涌; 周志容; 陆永强; 宋红专


    目的 了解乐山市彝族地区艾滋病流行现状和趋势,为制定防治对策提供科学依据.方法 分析乐山市彝族地区1998-2009年艾滋病疫情报告和流行病学专题调查资料.结果 截至2009年乐山彝族地区累计报告艾滋病感染者和患者130例,其中2007-2009年报告HIV阳性者和患者80例,占累计报告数的61.54%.感染者以20~39青壮年为主,占89.23%;男性和女性分别占76.92%,23.08%,经性、母婴、静脉吸毒传播均有病例报告,主要以静脉吸毒传播为主,性传播途径所占比例逐年上升.结论 乐山市彝族地区艾滋病的流行呈上升趋势,艾滋病感染途径正处于高危人群向一般人群扩散的关键时期.%Objective To understand the epidemic trend of AIDS in Yi minority region in Leshan, and provide evidence for the prevention and control of AIDS. Methods The analysis was conducted on the AIDS epidemic data in Yi minority region in Leshan from 1998 to 2009. Results By the year of 2009, 130 AIDS cases had been reported in Ebian and Mabian, 80 of which were reported during 2007 - 2009 , accounting for 61. 54%of the total. Up to 89. 23% of HIV infected people were young adults aged 20 - 39 years old. Male cases accounted for 76. 92% and female cases accounted for 23. 08% . The transmission routes included sexual contact, matemal transmission, intravenous drug use, but main transmission route was intravenous drug use.Conclusion AIDS epidemic is senous in Yi minority region in Leshan. HIV infection had begun to spread from high risk population to general population.

  8. 西帕依固龈液治疗妊娠期冠周炎40例临床观察%Clinical Observation of Gestational Pericoronitis Treated with XiPaYi Mouth Rinse:40 Cases

    倪辉; 阳爱民


    目的:观察西帕依固龈液治疗妊娠期冠周炎的临床效果。方法:将80例妊娠期冠周炎病例随机分成对照组和实验组,每组40例。对照组在常规冲洗后,碘甘油上药;实验组用西帕依固龈液代替常规冲洗。治疗后3d 和7d 观察疗效。结果:治疗3d 后,对照组和实验组总有效率分别为70%和87.5%,差异无统计学意义(P >0.05)。治疗7d 后,对照组和实验组总有效率分别为75%和92.5%,差异具有统计学意义(P <0.05)。结论:西帕依固龈液治疗妊娠期冠周炎效果较好,值得推广。%Objective To observe the clinical effects of XiPaYi mouth rinse on the treatment of gestational pericoronitis.Methods 80 cases of pregnancy pericoronitis were randomly divided into the experimental group and the control group with 40 cases in each group.After routine rinse treatment the control group was treated with iodine glycerol.The pericoronal blind were rinsed by XiPaYi mouth rinse only in the experimental group.The curative effect was observed respectively after 3 days and 7 days.Chi -square test was used for statistics.Results 3 days after treatment,The total effective rate of the control group and the experimental group were 70%and 87.5% respectively,the difference was not significant (P >0.05).7 days after treatment,The total effective rate of the control group and the experimental group were 75% and 92.5% respectively,the difference was statistically significant (P <0.05).Conclu-sion The clinical effects of Xi Pa Yi mouth rinse on pregnancy pericoronitis is worth to promote.

  9. 试论黑衣壮传统体育文化的生态性特征%Discussion on the Ecological Characteristics of the Traditional Physical Culture of Hei Yi Zhuang



    Hei Yi Zhuang (dressed in black) is a special branch of the Zhuang nationality that keeps the most complete cultural characteristics of the Zhuang People. Even today, the features of its original ecological culture and elements are easily spotted. Due to natural environmental constraint and effects of social humanity, the tradi- tional sports culture of Hei Yi Zhuang is of vivid cultural characteristics reflecting the close ties between this eth- nic group and its religion, seasons, worship, customs and daily productive work. Hei Yi Zhuang traditional sports culture is mainly manifested as creation by religion, promoted by seasonal festivals and customs throughout genera- tions and productive work, which brought body building and recreation along with daily life. While the sports culture appeals for the public, it also units and strengthens the Zhuang Nationality and adds to the development of national traditional culture by means of the extension of the ethnical sports culture.%黑衣壮是保持壮族文化特色较为完整的壮族支系,至今仍保存着本族群的原生态文化形态和元素。受自然环境的制约和社会人文的影响,黑衣壮传统体育文化具有鲜明的生态文化特征,反映了与壮族的宗教信仰、民间崇拜、时节风俗、生产劳动具有千丝万缕的联系。主要表现为宗教信仰促使黑衣壮传统体育文化产生,时节风俗促进黑衣传统壮体育文化发展,生产劳动与黑衣壮传统体育文化息息相关,既能健身娱乐,融入生活,又能凝聚人心,壮大族群,民族体育文化彰显民族传统文化。

  10. 云南彝族英雄史诗《阿鲁举热》的主要内容及文化内涵%Content and Cultural Connotation of Epic Ahlujure of the Yi People of Yunnan



    流传于云南小凉山的彝族英雄史诗《阿鲁举热》,集史诗、神话、故事于一炉,分18个标题叙述:万物初始、阿鲁降生、阿鲁成长、离父寻母、阿鲁射日月、阿鲁喊日月、打蚊子、蟒蛇和石蚌、除妖救母、试儿、降雷、平地、驯动物、降马、收妖婆、降妖怪、斩邪龙、阿鲁之死、龙鹰大战。它是彝族古代哲学思想、远古民族历史和彝族民俗宗教文化的反映。这部英雄史诗在艺术特色、思想内容上都有自己独特之处,是研究《阿鲁举热》的重要文本。%Combining epic,myth and story,Ahlujure,a Yi epic circulating in the Xiaolianshan Moun-tain,Yunnan Province,is divided into 18 parts:The Origin,The Birth,The Growth,Leaving Father to Look for Mother,Shooting the Moon and the Sun,Calling to the Moon and the Sun,Fighting Mosquitoes, Snakes and Clams,Killing the Devils to Save Mother,Testing the Child,Thunderbolt,Flat Land,Taming Beasts,Taming Horses,Taming Witches,Taming Devils,Killing Evil Dragons,The Death and the Battle between the Dragon and the Eagle. It reflects the ancient philosophy,history,religion and culture of the ancient Yi people and is of unique value in both artistic attainment and ideology. It,therefore,can serve as important literature for the research of the Yi people in general in Yunnan Province.

  11. Study on the strategic cooperation development of the Lai Lai Yi tourism on region%涞涞易旅游区域战略合作发展研究

    王然; 徐宁; 张丽云


    Lai,Yi,Lai three counties are faced with opportunities for development of tourism integration hitherto unknown ,tourism strategic cooperation be imperative,must consider the situation,seize the opportunity,create a market oriented tourism product brand system,pro-mote the Lai prone to aggregation,Lai regional tourism and related industry.%涞、易、涞3县正面临前所未有的旅游一体化发展机遇,旅游战略合作势在必行。必须审时度势、紧抓机遇,打造面向市场的旅游产品品牌体系,推进涞易涞区域旅游及相关产业的优势聚集。

  12. Primary Study on “Hulusheng” Dance of Yi Nationality from the Point of Educational Anthropology%彝族葫芦笙舞文化的教育人类学初探



    “Hulusheng” dance is a kind of Yi nationality culture inherited generation by generation. The paper discusses how the "Hulusheng" dance culture affects man's forming and advances suggestions for effectively protecting and inheriting this culture.%彝族葫芦笙舞是彝家人世世代代传承的一种文化。文章主要从教育人类学的视角探讨葫芦笙舞文化对人的形成是如何产生影响的,并对有效保护和传承葫芦笙舞提出了自己的建议。

  13. “儿科宗师”钱乙的组方规律与用药特色探析%Analyze the Prescriptions Organization Principle and Medicine Usage Characteristics of Qian Yi, the Great Master of Pediatrics

    刘敏; 闫军堂; 刘晓倩; 王庆国; 潘利叶


    Objective]To analyze the prescriptions organization principle and medicine usage characteristics of Qian Yi, the great master of pediatrics. [Method]Through reading the book, Xiao'er Yao Zheng Zhi Jue, we analyze Qian Yi's medical records and prescriptions and summarize his medicine usage characteristics. [Result]We summarize the prescriptions organization principle and medicine usage characteristics as seven respects. They are changing old prescriptions, creating new prescriptions, medicate gently, never reinforcing the sluggish and violent, noticing the ascending and descending qi activity, medicating accurately and drug forms changeable, and so on.[Conclusion]Qian Yi medicated accurately and gently, noticed the children physiological and pathological Characteristics and the cold or heat, asthenia or sthenia degree of five zang-organs. Under the principle of trying one's best to remove the pathogenic factors, he emphasized that elimination did not harm healthy qi as wel as reinforcement did not stagnate pathogenic factors, and medicated either reinforcing and eliminating in combination or cold and warm simultaneously. Qian Yi strived to medicate gently, to reverse the doctors' abusing aromatic and violent medicine in that era. That has a great influence on the medicine usage of pediatricians in later era.%[目的]探讨“儿科宗师”钱乙的组方规律与用药特色。[方法]通过研读《小儿药证直诀》,对钱乙的临床验案及方剂药物进行分析与归纳,总结其组方用药的学术特色。[结果]钱乙的组方规律与用药特色为以下七个方面,即:化裁古方,创制新方,用药务求柔润,力戒呆补峻补,注意升降气机,用药精专以及剂型多变等。[结论]钱乙制方遣药,精炼轻灵,处处注意到小儿生理病理特点及五脏的虚实寒热,在祛邪务尽的原则下,力求攻不伤正,补不滞邪,或消补兼施,或寒温并投,并从柔润方面下功夫,以

  14. 启功、曾毅公旧藏《敦煌变文集》稿本述略%Introduction to the Manuscript of Dunhuang Bianwen Collection Kept by Qigong and ZENG Yi-gong

    刘波; 萨仁高娃


    本文介绍了启功、曾毅公先生旧藏的手稿.手稿体现了王重民、启功等编者校录编辑的过程.通过稿本与出版本异同的对比分析,揭示出稿本的学术史价值.%The present article introduces the manuscript of Dunhuang Bianwen Collection kept by Qigong and ZENG Yi-gong.The manuscript shows the process of the compiling Dunhuang Bianwen Collection by WANG Zhong-min,Qigong,etc.By comparing the manuscript and the published version,it indicates the academic importance of the manuscript.

  15. 一清胶囊联合盐酸多西环素胶囊治疗痤疮疗效观察%Effect Observation of YiQing Capsules Combined with Doxycycline Hydrochl-oride Capsule on Acne Vulgaris



    Objective To investigate the effects of doxycycline hydrochloride capsules combined with YiQing capsules on acne vulgaris.Methods One handred cases of acne vulgaris were randomly divided into three groups:combination treatment group (34 cases)were treated with doxycycline hydrochloride capsules 100mg, 2 times/d and YiQing capsules 3 times after the food, for 21 days; doxycycline hydrochloride group (34 cases)were treated with doxycycline hydrochloride capsules 100mg, 2times/d after the food for 21 days,Yiqing capsules group (32 cases) YiQing capsules 3 times/d, after the food for 21 days.Results The clinical cure rate of combination treatment group,doxycycline hydrochloride group, Yiqing capsules group were 52.90%,35.30% ,31.25% ,and the total effective rate were 94.10% ,61.80% ,59.38%.Total effectiveness of Doxycycline Hydrochloride group and Yiqing Capsules group were significant difference between combination treatment group ( P < 0.05 ).The Doxycycline Hydrochloride group and Yiqing Capsules group were no significant difference( P > 0.05 ).The combination treatment group without obvious adverse reactions.Conclusion YiQing Capsules combined with Doxycycline Hydrochloride capsules for the treatment of acne vulgaris effective, few side-effect.%目的 评价一清胶囊联合盐酸多西环素胶囊治疗寻常性痤疮的疗效.方法 将100例寻常性痤疮患者随机分为3组.联合治疗组34例,予盐酸多西环素胶囊100mg饭后服,2次/d,一清胶囊饭后口服2粒,3次d,共21天;多西环素组34例,单纯口服多西环素;一清胶囊组32例,单纯口服一清胶囊,用法和用量均同联合治疗组.结果 治疗结束后,联合治疗组、多西环素组及一清胶囊组的痊愈率分别为52.90%,35.30%和31.25%,有效率分别为94.10%,61.80%和59.38%.多西环素组及一清胶囊组的有效率均低于联合治疗组,差异有统计学意义(P均0.05).联合治疗组无明显不良反应.结论 一清胶囊联合盐酸

  16. The Wild Goose in the Yi People's Culture of the Liangshan Mountains:Symbols and Transformation%凉山彝族文化中大雁的象征意义及其变迁



    阐述大雁在凉山彝族传统文化中的象征意义。大雁在彝族民间传说、创世史诗、宗教经典中扮演重要角色,是彝族传统文化的重要象征符号。同时,还阐述了大雁的象征意义随时代而发生的变迁。%This paper illustrates the symbolic meanings of wild goose in the traditional culture of Yi people of the Liangshan Mountains.It is found that wild goose has played an important role in folk tales,founding epics and religious classics.Accordingly,the symbolism and transformation of the bird are revealed.

  17. On Yi Concert "China' s memory, A Torch in the cloud"%浅谈《中国记忆·云中火把》彝族音乐会



    《中国记忆·云中火把》在上海音乐厅的成功演出,标志着楚雄彝族音乐走向世界的开始,音乐会的演出成功是楚雄、上海两地艺术家们交流、合作、共同努力的结果。以此为契机,努力打造更加优秀的音乐作品,来赢得人们对彝族音乐的认可。%The successful performance of "China' s memory, a torch in the cloud" in Shanghai concert hall marks the beginning of Yi music going global, to which the artists contribute through their communication, cooperation and joint effort. Taking this opportunity, we should create more good music works to win the world' s recognition.

  18. 上博简、郭店简《缁衣》中三则语法现象研究%The Three Grammatical Phenomena Research on Shanghai Museum Volumes , Guo Dian Volumes and Zi Yi Handed down



    By comparing the differences among Shanghai museum volumes,Guo Dian volumes and Zi Yi handed down ,this paper dis?cusses the front object of"no"and"Fu",the grammar problem use of"people"and thinks that in the early stages of development,the transitive verbs after"Fu"take an object and the same phenomenon in the negative sentence is not accidental.%通过比较上博简、郭店简与传世本《缁衣》之间的差异,讨论其中"不"与"弗"、宾语前置、"长民者"的使用等语法问题,认为在汉语发展的早期阶段,"弗"后及物动词带宾语以及否定句中宾语后置并不是偶然的语法现象.

  19. On the Pension Issues of the Left -behind Elders in Rual Areas of Yi People in Liangshan Prefecture%凉山州农村彝族留守老人养老问题研究

    赵华英; 李丽娇


    With the development of Chinaˊs industrialization , urbanization and modernization , a large number of rural young workers flow outward each year , especially in the backward minority areas , many elderly people are left behind .And increasingly , pension issues of these left -behind elder people be-come the focus of society .Based on the interviews of 100 Yi Nationality left-behind elders in the rural areas of Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture of Sichuan province , this study finds out their current living situation and pension issues , and then analyzes the causes of these problems , finally proposes some sug-gestions which can be a reference for the left -behind elderly in Liangshan rural areas .%随着中国工业化、城市化、现代化步伐的加快,每年我国农村有大量的青壮年劳动力向外流动,特别是经济发展落后的少数民族地区每年有大量的年轻人进城务工,由此出现了很多的留守老人。这些留守老人的养老问题,日益成为社会的焦点。本文通过对凉山彝族自治州的100名农村彝族留守老人进行访谈式调查,了解他们的生活现状和当前养老存在的问题,对存在这些问题的原因进行分析,提出了建立适合凉山州农村留守老人养老的对策建议。

  20. Association study on CCDC122 gene variants and leprosy in Yi minority%CCDC122基因单核苷酸多态性与彝族麻风相关性研究

    毛翀; 熊俊浩; 宁湧; 沙晓伟; 靳征; 王皓; 刘杨英


    目的:确定CCDC122基因单核苷酸多态性(SNP)位点与中国彝族人群麻风的关联.方法:采用单碱基延伸法(SNaP shot)检测300例彝族麻风患者和300名彝族正常健康者CCDC 122基因的两个SNP位点:rs3088362和rs9533634的基因型.结果:rs3088362和rs9533634这两个位点的基因型分布均符合Hardy-Weinberg平衡(P>0.05),并且其等位基因频率在麻风组和对照组间的差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论:CCDC122基因单核苷酸多态性位点rs3088362和rs9533634与中国彝族人群麻风相关.%Objective: To determine the relationship between the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of CCDC 122 gene and leprosy in Yi minority, China. Methods: The SNPs of CCDC122 gene (rs3088362,rs9533634) in 300 patients with leprosy and 300 ethnic matched healthy controls were genotyped by SNaP shot method. Results: The genotype frequencies of the 2 SNPs were in Hardy - Weinberg equilibrium (HWE) ( P > 0.05) . The allele frequencies of rs3088362 and rs9533634 in the leprosy patients were significantly different from those of the healthy control group ( P < 0.05) . Conclusion: rs3088362 and rs9533634 of CCDC122 gene arc associated with leprosy in Yi Chinese population.

  1. The Impact of Massage Gong" Yi Jin Jing" on College Students with Insomnia%推拿功法"易筋经"对大学生失眠症的影响

    王薇; 李旗; 马树祥; 郑剑; 孙树文; 梅荣军


    Objective: The purpose of our study is to observe the curative effect of massage gong " Yi Jin Jing" on university students with insomnia. Method: There were 180 participants in this study, including 60 insomnia students in the treatment group, 60 insomnia students in the acupuncture control group and 60 healthy students in the control group. Two groups were treated after two months, and we tested the PSQI , SDS and SAS in groups. Result: It showed that after treatment the PSQI , SDS and SAS of the treatment group declined remarkably (P 0. 05). Conclusion-.It can be concluded that massage gong " Yi Jin Jing" is effective for insomnia students.%目的:观察"易筋经"治疗大学生失眠症的疗效并探讨其可能的作用机制.方法:选取120例患失眠症的学生,随机分为治疗组和对照组,另选取60例健康人作为实验组.进行2个月治疗,观察实验前与实验后4个月匹兹堡睡眠质量指数量表、焦虑自评量表(sAs)和抑郁自评量表(sDs)的变化.结果:治疗组在治疗后的PSQI各项目及总分、抑郁、焦虑评分较治疗前均有明显下降(P<0.01),且与空白组相比无统计学意义(P>0.05).结论:运用"易筋经"练习的方法对青年失眠患者进行治疗是切实可行的,能够改善患者焦虑情绪及睡眠症状.

  2. The First Chinese Translator of Pushkin's Works--JI YI-hui and Pushkin%普希金"初临中土"的向导--戢翼翚与普希金



    JI Yi-hui was the first Chinese who translated Pushkin's works. Pushkin's "Daughter of lieutenant"was translated from Japanese by him and he gave this Chinese version a new name "Romance of Russia". This version was an assimilative one. There were quite big discrepancies over the book's name, characters' name, person, type and number of words between the Chinese version and the Russian original. However, It was not JI yi-hui but the Japanese translator who should bear full responsibility for these. Because the Japanese version was an abridged one itself and all the divergences above-mentioned could be fould there. Ji's version was not a perfect one, but it was the very beginning for the Chinese to translate pushkin's works and other Russian literary master pieces and therefore had a profound significance in the history of literature.%普希金的第一部汉译作品是《上尉的女儿》,译本题作《俄国情史》,系据日文转译,译者为戢翼翚。这是一部归化式译作,书名、人名、人称、体裁、字数均与原作有较大的出入。不过,责任主要不在中译者,而在日译者。日译本本身就是一个缩写本,上述问题都是目译本所存在的。戢译《俄国情史》虽是一部很不完善的译作,但它开了翻译普希金作品和俄国文学名著的先河,因而具有重要意义。

  3. 吴贻芳教育思想对当代女大学生培养的启示%The Study on Wu Yi-fang's Education Idea Enlightenment to the Cultivation of College Girls

    樊晶; 李纯蛟


    吴贻芳在担任金陵女子大学校长20余年的办学实践中,形成了独特的女子高等教育思想:鲜明的教育目标———造就女界领袖;明确的人才培养规格———德智体群美全面发展的全人;科学的培养途径———深化课程改革。吴贻芳的教育思想启迪我们,对女大学生的培养应体现时代特点,加强理想信念教育;注重女大学生的全面发展,促使其独立完整人格的形成;持续推进学校课程改革,提高女大学生的社会适应能力。%During the school practice of WuYi-fang as Ginling college' President in more than 20 years, formed the unique women's higher education thought: The education target make bright leader among women;The clear personnel training specifications -- develop all-round morality and strong bodies;The scientific training methods deep the curriculum reform. Wu Yi fang's educational idea enlightenment to us: the cultivation of college girls should reflect the characteristics; strengthen the ideal and faith education; pay attention to the overall development of the college girls, and urge the formation of a whole independent personality; promote continuously curriculum reform in schools; improve college girls' social adaptation.

  4. 彝族燕麦酒营销文化战略--以拉玛酒业为例%On Yi Peopleˊs Oats Wine Marketing Culturual Strategies:Taking Lama Winery as the Example



    Based on the study on Yi peopleˊs oats wine marketing cultural strategies,especially on its market status quo,this paper briefly introduces Lama Winery sample and its marketing cultural bottleneck,providing suggestions for Lama oats wineˊs developing bottleneck and Lama Wineryˊs brand management. Lama oats wine market positioning has two advantages:health elements and ethnic features. The establishing direction of the Yi Peopleˊs oats wine marketing cultural strategies:making analysis from green marketing,internet marketing,relationship marketing,service marketing,culture marketing and channel marketing and trying to find joint points.%从研究彝族燕麦酒营销文化战略出发,尤其针对彝族燕麦酒所处的市场现状,简要介绍拉玛酒业样本及其所处营销文化困局;对拉唛燕麦酒发展瓶颈、拉玛酒业品牌经营提出改善建议。对拉唛燕麦酒进行市场定位,分析其定位优势有二:健康元素与民俗风情;彝族燕麦酒营销文化战略构建方向:分别从绿色营销、网络营销、关系营销、服务营销、文化营销和渠道营销等进行分析,寻找结合点。

  5. A Study on Wild Ornamental Plant Resources in Yi-county of Anhui Province%安徽黟县野生观赏植物资源的研究

    王玉勤; 王希华


    黟县位于皖南山区,是旅游景点之一,植物种类非常丰富。该文在广泛深入地调查、采集、整理、鉴定的基础上,研究了黟县野生植物资源的多样性、分布区类型和性质。本区有野生观赏植物(种子植物)117科、370属、821种(变种、变型),其中乔木178种、灌木187种、藤本111种、草本365种。根据本区野生观赏植物资源的种类、区系成分和特征、开发与保护现状,对本区野生观赏植物资源的开发利用进行了探讨。%Yi county is located in the south part of Anhui province, between, 117°38′~118°6′E and 29°47′~30°11′N, plant species are very rich. This paper presents the characteristics of species diversity, complex floristic elements' rare and endemic distribution types and the conservation and utilization of wild ornamental plant resources in Yi county. On the basis of wide and deep investigation, collection and sifting. There are 821 species (including varieties and forms) of wild ornamental plants belonging to 370 genera and 117 families. Among them, 178 species are trees, 187 are shrubs, 111 are vines and 365 herbs. The conservation and utilization of wild ornamental plant resources are discussed.

  6. Research on Adaptability of CSRI for Junior Middle School Students of Yi Nationality in Ninlang%CSRI在云南宁蒗彝族初中生的适用性研究

    何木叶; 林静; 李昌庆


    目的考察CSRI在宁蒗彝族初中生的适用性。方法对400名宁蒗初中生进行施测,对其中214名彝族学生数据采用SPSS15.0进行统计分析。结果①各分量表中的大多数项目与分量表的相关在0.3以上。分量表的Cronbach仅系数为0.801至0.869之间,分半信度在0.823至0.865之间。分量表的相关在0.209至0.406之间。因素分析表明男女正负性分量表累积方差解释率在52.87%至59.92%之间。②宁蒗彝族初中生四种性别角色差异显著,P〈0.01。双性化(32.4%)和未分化(30.0%)比例占多数。初一男生双性化比率最高(55.9%)、其次是初三男生(21.9%)、初二男生双性化比率最低(17.6%),差异显著,(P〈0.05)。城市男性化比例(43.5%)高于农村(13.0%),差异显著(P〈0.01)。结论CSRI也可适用于宁蒗彝族初中生的性别角色研究。彝族初中生性别角色现状令人喜忧参半。初二是彝族初中生双性化比例的最低点。城市彝族初中生比农村彝族初中生表现出更高的男性化倾向。%IObjectives: To explore the adaptability of CSRI for Yi Nationality junior middle school students in Nilang. Methods: A total of 400 junior middle school students in Ninglang were investigated with the scale. All data had been analyzed by use of SPSS for windows 15.0. ①The correlation was above 0.3 between subscales and most of items. The correlation between 4 subscales ranged from 0. 209 to 0.406. The Cronbach's alpha coefficient of the subscales ranged from 0.801 to 0.869, Spearman-Brown split coefficient ranged from 0.823 to 0.865. Factor analysis indicated that, the four subscales explained 52.87% -59.92% of the variance.②There were significant differences between four gender roles in Yi Nationality junior middle school students of Nilang. (P〈0.01). Androgyny (32.4%) and undifferentiated (30.0%

  7. Yiğit Ve Silahlı Adam Diyalektiğinde Kılıç İmgesi The Image Of The Sword In The Dialectic Of The Brave And The Armed Man

    Bayram SEVİNÇ


    Full Text Available The sword has an image which is as old as human history and as alive as human being. It has also taken on a mystified character by having a load of meaning beyond being an instrument of war. There has been a link established between the sword and dominance and justiceas bravery. In the cultures, which see the iron as sacred even aningredient from the sky, the iron nature of the sword has caused it to beconsecrated as well as to be sworn on. For example, in the ancientTurks the iron was sacred and shamans were fulfilling the task ofexecuting sacred works as blacksmith. Iron has also an important placein Islam, and likewise with the effect of many religious expressions thesword has become an important cultural and mythical symbol. Whensword and bravery is concerned Hz. Ali acquires a dominant position byhis sword named Zulfiqar. This important cultural and mythical place ofsword in Turkish and Islamic world in the pre-modern period has beendiffered with the change starting by the discovery of firearms. Firearmshave revealed a culture that puts fighting force above bravery. Remotethrown weapons as fighting force has provided superiority in the past.However sword was describing the individual bravery. In the modernera, firearms has strengthened the culture of the arrow and weakenedthe culture of the sword. Moreover, recently videos especially taken bycertain organizations with the sword has produced a new andundesirable imaginary bond between the sword and Islam. In thispaper, the stigmatization of the sword, which was a symbol of adjectivessuch as the bravery, justice and sovereignty in the traditional culture,to Islam and Muslims as a part of the image of the injustice, violence,and even barbarism in contemporary world is problematized. Kılıç, insanlık tarihi kadar eski, insan kadar canlı bir imgeye sahiptir. O, bir savaş aletinin çok ötesinde bir anlam yüküne sahip olmakla mistik bir karaktere de bürünmüştür. Kılıç ile yi

  8. 光辉异彩的女性——浅谈《雷雨》中蘩漪的形象特征%Glorious Splendor of Women ——On the "Thunderstorm" in the Image Characteristics of Fan Yi



    "Thunderstorm" is a life's tragedy,successfully built the characters image.This article from the appearance of Fan Yi,the conflict of Fan Yi and Zhou Puyuan to Zhou Ping,and love,marriage and other aspects to analyze the characteristics of the character.%《雷雨》是一幕人生悲剧,成功塑造了剧中人物形象。本文主要从蘩漪的外表、蘩漪与周朴园和周萍的冲突及其爱情婚姻等方面来分析这个人物形象特征。

  9. 四川省凉山州某县彝族村民偶遇性行为调查%Analysis of an Investigation of Casual Sexual Behaviors among Yi Ethnic Villagers in One County in Liangshan of Sichuan Province

    杨义; 吴春霖; 刘鹏; 周颖; 陈文; 罗清国; 徐强; 栾荣生


    Objective: To find out the current situations and influential factors of casual sexual behavior among young people from Yi ethnic group.Methods: A questionnaire about HIV/AIDS related attitudes and behaviors was used to investigate 108 Yi ethnic villagers at the age between 15 and 35 years, in-depth interview was used for 6 men and 6 women, and informal interview was used for 4 key informants.Re sults: Corresponding.50.0%, 39.8%, and 31 .5% thought that people around them hold consent attitudes toward premarital sexual behavior, extramarital sexual behavior before and after cohabiting. People with multiple sexual relationships accumulatively and within last one year were 66.7% and 22.2%.82.4% of the respondents had had casual sexual behavior.Logistic regression results showed that male, younger respondents who thought that people around them hold consent attitudes toward extramarital sexual behavior before cohabiting, were easy to have casual sexual behaviors.When going to township and attending someone's wedding, villagers were easy to have casual sexual behaviors.47.7% of the respondents had ever heard about condom, among who 54.9% never used and no one used every time when having sex.Conclusions: Having casual sexual behaviors is common, and it is urgent to promote condom use among Yi ethnic villagers.%目的:了解彝族村民偶遇性行为现状.方法:对108名15-35岁彝族村民进行了性态度和行为问卷调查,完成了12名村民的个别深入访谈和4名重要知情人士访谈.结果:认为周围人对婚前性行为、对落夫家前、后婚外性行为持"可以"态度的调查对象分别占50.O%、39.8%和31.5%.累积和最近1年有多性伴者分别占66.7%和22.2%.82.4%的调查对象发生过偶遇性行为.Logistic回归分析发现:男性初次性行为年龄小、"剧围的人对(落夫家前)婚外性行为"持开放态度者更容易发生偶遇性行为.赶场和参加婚礼最容易发生偶遇性行为.47.7%的

  10. 汪绂《医林纂要探源》的整理研究%The Collecting and Studying of Wang Fu's "YiLing CuanYao TanYuan"

    王甜; 江凌圳


    [目的]对清代名家汪绂及著作《医林纂要探源》进行系统的整理研究。[方法]应用文献整理方法,对汪绂的生平、《医林纂要探源》版本进行考证,对其治学理念、学术思想进行研究评述。对《医林纂要探源》的作者、版本和主要内容进行了系统研究。[结果]汪绂为婺源段莘人,东南名儒,生平坎坷,并常识渊博,精通医药。虽未从医,但授学著书,读书细致,治学严谨,共撰写30多种书稿。《医林纂要探源》为其医学代表作,集诸家医书分类编辑而成,现存两个清刻本和一个清抄本,其中最早的是婺源和源单氏刻本,遗经堂藏板。全书以医源为先导,以中药、方剂为重心,而推《素》《灵》微言为纲领,循叙人体病变为正宗,对中医基础理论和疾病辨证论治作了全面而深刻的阐述[结论]对汪绂及其著作《医林纂要探源》系统的整理研究有重要的文献价值,汪绂细致严谨、引经据典、博采众长的治学理念和作风值得后世继承和发扬。%Objective]Collecting and studying Wang Fu and his book "YiLing CuanYao TanYuan" systematically. [Method]Literature research on Wang Fu's life and the versions of"YiLing CuanYao TanYuan", reviewing his concept of study and academic thoughts. [Result]Confucian Wang Fu wrote more than 30 manuscripts, his medical masterpiece“YiLing CuanYao TanYuan", existing versions of two Qing printed editions and one Qing transcript, guided by medical source, centered on traditional Chinese medicine and prescription, accounted for human disease, made a comprehensive and profound elaboration on the basic theory of TCM.The recipes and traditional Chinese medicine of this book have clinical significance . [Conclusion]The collecting and studying have important literature value. These are worthy of our future generations to inherit and carry forward.

  11. Analysis of the Customary Law of the Yi People in Liangshan before the Democratic Reform%民主改革前的凉山彝族习惯法探析



    Since the democratic reform in 1956, the Yi people-inhabited regions in Liangshan of Sichuan Province have transitioned from slave society to the new democratic society, then to socialist society. Great social, political and economic changes have happened. However, the customary law of the Yi people in Liangshan still has influences on their life. The customary law of the Yi people before the 1956 democratic reform was closely related to their productivity, hierarchy, and the lineage system in the slave society. The law, with its unique characteristics, effectively protected the hierarchy, properties of the slave owners and the lineage system. To have some knowledge of the law, on one hand, is helpful to understand the historic factors and basis behind the current relationship within minority groups, and actively maintain those parts that meet the needs of the time and benefit the social development of minority groups; on the other hand, knowledge of the law provides a good reference for adapting state law when implemented in minority regions so as to promote positive interaction between state law and customary law of minority groups.%凉山彝族地区在1956年民主改革后,从奴隶社会过渡到新民主主义社会又进入了社会主义社会,社会、政治、经济等都发生了很大的变化,但凉山彝族习惯法对凉山彝族现实社会生活仍存诸多影响。1956年民主改革前的凉山彝族习惯法与凉山彝族奴隶社会生产力发展水平及等级制度、家支紧密相连,严格维护着等级秩序、奴隶主的财产权利及家支组织,体现出自身鲜明的特点。对民主改革前的凉山彝族习惯法有所认知,一方面可以了解现今少数民族群体内部关系形成的历史原因和基础,积极去保留符合时代需求、有利于少数民族社会发展的习惯法;另一方面又可以为国家法律在少数民族地区实施进行有益地变通提供参考,从而实现国家

  12. 论明清小说中的女性悍妒文化--以《聊斋志异》中的“悍妒妇”形象为例%The Stduy on Ming and Qing Dynasty fictions about Shrew Cultural---Aggressive and Jealous Women Image Analysis in Liao Zhai Zhi Yi



    Liao Zhai Zhi Yi is an outstanding representative of the ancient super natural classical novels of our country .Pu Song -ling used both imagine and realistic approaches to help us to understand “the Shrew”a type of women in Liao Zhai Zhi Yi .This paper analyzed the aggressive and jealous women images in the novel of Liao Zhai Zhi Yi .with deeply exploring the cultural roots of “the Shrew” type women ap‐peared in the Ming and Qing society .The paper gave the prevalent reasons of “Jealous Wind” that repre‐sented in the Ming and Qing literati for women’s“jealous therapy”approach ,and explains the cultural sig‐nificance of envy .%《聊斋志异》是我国古代以志怪传奇为特征的文言小说的杰出代表。通过对悍妒文化做源流梳理,例举历史上有名的悍妒典故,认为明清小说家提出的疗妒法主要有:以悍制悍、佛法疗妒、道德说教等。

  13. 宋代阿者、罗殿、毗那三个彝族藩国的谱系与分布%Genealogy and Distribution of Azhe, Pina and Luo Dian These Three Yi People Vassal States in Song Dynasty



    According to document record in Song dynasty, there are Azhe, Pina and Luo Dian these three outside-civilized Yi people vassal states in northwest, middle and southwest of Guizhou province. Because can not carry out effective control, they have wide and convenient conditions, they appear in horse market in Heng- shanzhai of Yongzhou. According to Yi document record, these three sections of Yi people have completed fa- ther-son linking surname, and the distribution of them can be textually researched today.%根据宋代文献的记录,宋代的今贵州西北、中、西南三部地区,出现了阿者、罗殿和毗那三个并立的“化外”彝族藩国,因宋代无力实行有效“羁縻”,给它们提供了比较宽松便利的条件,这些藩国终于在邕州横山寨(今广西田东县)的市马浮出水面。根据彝文文献记载,这三部彝族都有较为完整的父子连名谱记录,分布的地盘到今天还能考证。

  14. Bambusa Changningensis Yi et B. X. Li a New Species (Babusoideae, Poaceae) of Economical Bamboos in China%佯黄竹——我国经济竹子一新种

    易同培; 李本祥


    In this paper, a description is given of a new species of the Bambusa Retz. corr. Schreber (Poaceae) from Changning County, Sichuan, China, and it is named B. changningensis Yi et B. X. Li. This species is similar to Bambusa rigida Keng et Keng f. ,but has a tall culm. Its height is up to 19. 5 m and its diameter is 10 cm;Bamboo shoot is initially as thalassicus,later densely farinose, and with green- ish annuli, without stramineous longitudinal lines ;longer Vegina, about the internode length of 2/3, smal- ler Acuricle,glabrous dorsum on the lamella, only brown appressed setulose on the base of venter; Leaf sheath mouth without fimbrilla. And glabrous petiole,larger leaves, length up to 29 (32) cm, width up to 3(3.6) cm,greenish back,secondary veins up to 10(12) pairs,easy to distinguish.%本文报道了禾本科竹亚科箣竹属一新种——佯黄竹Bambusa changningensis Yi et B.X.Li,产于四川南部长宁县。新种近似硬头黄竹B.rigida Keng et Keng f.,不同在于新种秆高大,高达19.5 m,直径10 cm;笋初时为墨绿色,后密被白粉,并具淡绿色环带,无黄白色纵条纹;箨鞘较长,约为节间长度的2/3,箨耳较小,箨片背面无毛,腹面仅基部具棕色贴生小刺毛;叶鞘口无繸毛,叶柄无毛,叶片较大,长达29(32)cm,宽达3(3.6)cm,背面淡绿色,次脉多达10(12)对,容易区别。

  15. 益髓生血颗粒对珠蛋白生成障碍性贫血患者%Expression of SCF and C - kit in Patients of βThalassemia Treated by Yi Sui Sheng Xue Granula

    柴立民; 吴志奎


    Objective;To investigate the mechanism of action in p thalassemia treated by Yi Sui Sheng Xue granula. Methods-. We detected the hemoglobin, erythrocyte, reticulocyte count and fetal hemoglobin of 20 patients of p thalassemia before or after treated by the granula, studied the gene expression of stem cell factor and c - kit in karyocyte of marrow. Results -. The hematologic parameters of patients were ameliorated by this granula. Gene expression of c - kit was increased notablely. That of SCF was no change. Conclusion -. Yi Sui Sheng Xue granula can improve clinical symptom of the patients obviously. It should regulate the proliferation and cell differentiation of ancestral cell and hematopoietic cell through the SCF/c - kit signal transmit pathway for goals of treatment.%目的:探讨益髓生血颗粒治疗珠蛋白生成障碍性贫血的作用机制.方法:观察20例患儿治疗前后血红蛋白(Hb)、红细胞(RBC)、网织红细胞计数(Ret)、胎儿血红蛋白(HbF)的改变;选取10例有效病例,通过实时荧光定量PCR技术探讨该药对珠蛋白生成障碍性贫血患者骨髓有核细胞SCF和c-kit基因表达的影响.结果:治疗后患者各项血液学参数均有改善;骨髓有核细胞c-kit基因表达明显升高,与治疗前比较差异有显著性(P<0.05);SCF基因表达无明显改变.结论:益髓生血颗粒可以明显改善患者的临床症状,通过SCF/c-kit信号传导途径,调节红系祖细胞及其它造血细胞的增殖和分化过程,来达到治疗目的.

  16. 彝族燕麦酒营销的市场研究--以拉玛酒业为例%The Marketing of Oat Baijiu of Yi People:a Case Study on Rama Distillery



    The marketing of oat Baijiu of Yi people from Rama Distillery was investigated through data collection, data survey, quantitative&qualitative analysis. Firstly, the marketing environment of oat Baijiu of Yi people was studied from three aspects as follows:environment analy-sis including the analysis of economic environment, industry environment, natural conditions, demographic factors, technical measures, social culture, and political and legal environment;analysis of competitors under the same conditions (the same category, the same geographical condi-tions, and the same price); analysis of consumers’behavior, consumers’channel selection and consumers’groups description. Afterwards, SWOT analysis of the development of Rama oat Baijiu was performed. SO strategy, namely, expansion strategy was recommended for the en-terprise. As a conclusion, the construction of marketing culture strategies was urgent for Rama Distillery.%彝族燕麦酒选取的样本为拉玛酒业,通过搜集资料、调研数据、调查市场等,定性与定量相结合研究。首先从彝族燕麦酒市场环境研究入手,分析三个方面:一是着眼于环境分析,对经济环境、行业环境、自然条件、人口因素、科技手段、社会文化、政治法律环境等因素分别分析;二是对同品类、同地域、同价位条件下的竞争者作分析;三是对消费者的消费行为模式、消费渠道选择及消费群体描述作分析。然后对拉唛燕麦酒发展进行SWOT分析,建议企业采用SO战略,即扩张性战略,结论核心即拉玛酒业对营销文化战略的构建迫在眉睫。

  17. “诗意地栖居”的文化侨易与媒介现象分析%Analysis of Poetic Dwelling Cultural Qiao-yi and Media Phenomenon



    在中国学术界和媒体对“诗意地栖居”这一诗句的接受过程中,历经了从荷尔德林到海德格尔再到陶渊明的发展过程,表现出中国学术界在接受国外思想时的基本趣味和倾向,即以中国传统士大夫式的个人修身养性和以个体审美生存为基调的小资情怀在“诗意地栖居”这个诗句中找到了一个极佳的媒介载体,完成了哲学人生观等形而上论题至大众传媒和房地产广告界的位移。文章所展现的侨易过程,是一个由“思想”观念到“器物”的过程,这样的过程,可以用文化“侨易”中的文化下延来解释。%The acceptance of “poetic dwelling”by the Chinese academia and media has undergone changes from Hoelderlin to Heidegger and finally to Tao Yuanming,which reflects the basic interests and tendency of the Chinese academic world in the process of receiving foreign thoughts.This means that the verse of “poetic dwelling”has acted as an excellent carrier for traditional Chinese scholar-bureaucrats’petit bourgeois sentiment,which is actually based on self-cultivation and individual aesthetic survival,thus completing the transition from such metaphysical topics as philosophy to mass media and advertising in real estate.The qiao-yi process shown in this paper has varied from“ideology”to “material,”which can be explained using the hyponymy of cultural “qiao-yi .”

  18. Musical Form of Pu'an Incantation in Laishui,Dingxing and Yi Counties%谈涞水、定兴、易县《普庵咒》曲牌音乐形态

    刘东兴; 郭腾; 马晓男


    In Laishui,Dingxing and Yi counties,Hebei Province,the music kept in most of the folk music clubs is Pu'an Incantation-Buddhist mantras created by Pu An which is the important ceremonial music in folk customs.It helps to establish Chinese traditional musicology system and interpret Chinese folk ceremonial music to study the musical form of Pu'an Incantation.%河北省涞水、易县、定兴一带(以下简称"涞易定地区")民间乐社中多数保存了由南宋普庵禅师创作的佛教真言咒语《普庵咒》音乐。此曲在民间礼俗仪式中成为重要的仪式音乐,研究《普庵咒》曲牌的音乐形态,有助于建设中国传统乐学体系和深入诠释中国民间的仪式音乐。

  19. Illustration on Academic Characteristics and Annotation Instances of ZhiYuanYiCaoCunAn%《芷园臆草存案》学术特色及考释举例

    赵仁龙; 任杰; 焦振廉


    This paper is to introduce lifetime of LU Fu, a physician in the Ming Dynasty, and his book of Zhi Yuan Yi Cao Cun An. This book contains various subjects including exogenous disease, endogenous disease, external diseases and miscel aneous disease, though with limited cases. The academic characteristic are emphasized on three aspects:treating root of disease, pulse taking, case analysis. In this paper, some instances are given through textual researches and explanatory notes, for its obscure, refined words.%本文对明代医家卢复的生平及其医案著作《芷园臆草存案》进行论述,认为其医案虽有限,所涉则广,凡外感、内伤、外科及杂症无不及之,而所体现的学术特色大致有重视治本、重视脉诊、重视议病三个方面。《芷园臆草存案》文辞雅奥,多有不便于今人理解者,文中举数例予以考释。

  20. The Contemporary Transition of the Dumb Festival of Yi People of Gaiwasa of Nanjian%南涧盖瓦洒彝族“哑巴会”的现代变迁

    李如海; 王燕


    On the dumb festival of Gaiwasa Yi village of Nanjian, in the process of the exchange and fusion of external culture and native culture. The festival name, ritual function are gradually changed, even ex-tend "new tradition". The festival customs of contemporary transition, not only is a conscious behavior of cul-ture holders , but also is a results of cultural adjustment and interaction between culture holders and others.%南涧盖瓦洒彝族村寨的“哑巴会”,在外来文化与本土文化不断交流与融合的过程中,其节日的称谓、仪式功能逐渐发生变化,甚至衍伸出“新传统”。节日习俗的现代变迁,不仅是文化持有者自觉的行为,还是文化持有者与他者文化调试与互动的结果。

  1. The Neo-Confucian Theory of "Li-Yi-Fenshu" and the Development of Contemporary New Confucianism%从“理一分殊”看当代新儒学的发展



    The Neo-Confucian theory of "Li-Yi-Fenshu" (Principle is one while duties or manifestations are many, 理一分殊) addresses a wide range of philosophical issues including universality and particularity, identity and difference, the abstract and the concrete. It also involves traditional debates over such philosophical problems as one and many, substance and function, general differentiation and same and other. As the inheritors of the spirit of Neo-Confucianism in the Song and Ming periods, contemporary new Confucian thinkers creatively interpret the classics of Daoxue in an attempt to make it applicable to the modern world. They not only absorb the traditional wisdom hut also come up with new understandings; they even take things a step further by transforming them into valuable resources for modern thinking. The contemporary relevance of the idea of Li-Yi-Fenshu consists in its methodological implications for hermeneutic practice. It will definitely help us better understand the diversity and complexity of modern culture as well as the future development of Confucianism. Today, social life is marked by the confusion of values and the prevalence of instrumental rationality. With the universal ideal subverted and the consciousness of the primary principle deconstructed, people no longer care even to talk about the ideal world. When the ethical system of society breaks down, human beings degenerate into homeless atoms and individuals are guided merely by their instincts. To re-integrate the fragmented society and to recover the lost moral sense, we have no other choice but to promote the idea of Li-Yi (one principle), for the source of the meaning of life can only be traced to the existential connection of human being with other human beings, and with society and nature, which form an organic whole. On the other hand, we should never think of Li-Yi in isolation from Fenshu, because unity can not be separated from diversity, only in the concrete

  2. 义安煤矿顶板走向高抽巷的层位选定%layer selection of extraction of high gas drainage roadways lying the strike of roof In Yi'an coal mine

    殷庆超; 王恩营; 刘度


    为了解决义安矿工作面瓦斯涌出量大,上隅角瓦斯浓度经常超限问题,依据覆岩采动裂隙演化规律和“O”形圈理论,提出在工作面顶板布置高抽巷抽采采空区瓦斯,通过理论计算与数值模拟对采空区上覆岩层“两带”高度范围进行研究,确定裂隙带发育范围。而为了防止高抽巷被破坏,将高抽巷的设计层位选定为1.5倍采高。%In order to solve the gas emission quantity of Yi'an mine working face, the upper corner gas excess problem, on the basis of overlying fissure evolution law and "O" ring theory, proposed the layout of high level suction roadway in the working face roof to extract the gobs gas, through theoretical calculation and numerical simulation to study the ‘two zone' height of overlying strata in gobs, determined the fracture zone development scope. In order to prevent the destruction of the high level suction roadway, and selected the location of the high level suction roadway being 1.5 times for the mining height.

  3. 吴泽霖贵州苗夷社会研究及其贡献初论%The Research on the Society of Miao and Yi People in Guizhou by Wu Zelin and His Achievements

    王晓峰; 赵定东


    Under the guidance of the approach of the modern ethnology and based on the understanding of racial issues in American, Wu Zelin studies the society of Miao and Yi people systematically with the approaches of fieldwork and residual and the perspectives of weddings,funerals,women and religions etc..Wu makes great achievements focusing on Miao people.Wu′s ideas including collective identity and the criticism of nationalism push the development of Chinese sociology.%在现代民族学理论方法的指导下和认识美国种族问题的基础上,吴泽霖先生审视中国少数民族并应用田野调查法、残余分析法等方法,对苗夷社会进行了系统的研究,其内容涵盖了婚丧、妇女、宗教等社会各个方面,其中尤以苗族研究最为突出,可谓成果卓著。吴泽霖先生“小集体认同”“大民族主义批判”等理论观点的提出,更进一步推动了中国社会学的发展。

  4. Bulgurluzade Rıza’nın Müntahabat-I Bedâyi-İ Edebiye İsimli Antolojisinin Çeviriyazı ve İncelemesi

    Kiriş, Fatma Betül


    Antolojiler, genellikle yazar yapıtlarından belli bir amaca ve yönteme göre seçilmiş nesir ve nazım parçalarından oluşan eserlerdir. Türk edebiyatında antoloji olarak değerlendirebileceğimiz en eski eserler şiir mecmuaları ile şairlerin biyografileri hakkında bilgi içeren şuara tezkireleridir. Bu çalışmamızda 19. yüzyılda tanınmış antolojilerinden olan Müntahabat-ı Bedâyi-i Edebiye ’nin nesir kısmını günümüz alfabesine aktardık. Sözlük ve indeks hazırlayarak bu konuda çalışma yapacakların ...

  5. 论文学中的“出走”--以阿乙小说为例%On Exodus in Literature---Take Example of A Yiˊs Fictions



    易卜生的“娜拉”为中国现当代文学提供了第一个真正意义的“出走”形象,鲁迅先生则以娜拉出走后只有堕落和回归两个选择来表明“出走”后无所依归的困境。这种困境到了当代文学,被不同的作家加以阐释和延伸。当代青年代表作家阿乙,以他丰富的体验和观察,为读者展示了底层个体关于“出走”的各种困境。%Ibsenˊs “Nora”gave birth to the first truly image of “exodus”in modern and contemporary Chinese literature. Lu Xun said Nora only had two choices: fall and return, showing the plight of “no place to go”, even though Nora was waking. The same plight in modern and contemporary Chinese literature, is elaborated and extended by different writers.A Yi who is a representative youth writer, with his wealth of experience and observation, shows readers in his works a variety of plight of “exodus”underlying different individuals.

  6. Simultaneous Qualitative and Quantitative Analysis of Multiple Chemical Constituents in YiQiFuMai Injection by Ultra-Fast Liquid Chromatography Coupled with Ion Trap Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry.

    Liu, Chunhua; Ju, Aichun; Zhou, Dazheng; Li, Dekun; Kou, Junping; Yu, Boyang; Qi, Jin


    YiQiFuMai injection (YQFM) is a modern lyophilized powder preparation derived from the traditional Chinese medicine Sheng-mai san (SMS) used for treating cardiovascular diseases, such as chronic heart failure. However, its chemical composition has not been fully elucidated, particularly for the preparation derived from Ophiopogon japonicus. This study aimed to establish a systematic and reliable method to quickly and simultaneously analyze the chemical constituents in YQFM by ultra-fast liquid chromatography coupled with ion trap time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UFLC-IT-TOF/MS). Sixty-five compounds in YQFM were tentatively identified by comparison with reference substances or literature data. Furthermore, twenty-one compounds, including three ophiopogonins, fifteen ginsenosides and three lignans were quantified by UFLC-IT-TOF/MS. Notably, this is the first determination of steroidal saponins from O. japonicus in YQFM. The relative standard deviations (RSDs) of intra- and inter-day precision, reproducibility and stability were analysis of ten batches of YQFM. The developed approach can provide useful and comprehensive information for quality control, further mechanistic studies in vivo and clinical application of YQFM.

  7. Identification of schisandrin as a vascular endothelium protective component in YiQiFuMai Powder Injection using HUVECs binding and HPLC-DAD-Q-TOF-MS/MS analysis.

    Li, Fang; Tan, Yi-Sha; Chen, Hong-Lin; Yan, Yan; Zhai, Ke-Feng; Li, Da-Peng; Kou, Jun-Ping; Yu, Bo-Yang


    YiQiFuMai Powder Injection (YQFM) is a re-developed preparation based on the well-known traditional Chinese medicine formula Sheng-mai-san. It has been widely used for the treatment of cardiovascular disease with definite clinical efficacy in China, but its bioactive molecules remain obscure. In this study, an effective method has been employed as a tool for screening active components in YQFM, using human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) extraction and liquid chromatography coupled with electrospray ionization quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry (Q-TOF MS/MS). Nine compounds, which could interact with HUVECs, were identified as ginsenosides Rb1, Rc, Rb2, Rd, 20(S)-Rg3, 20(R)-Rg3, Rk1/Rg5 and schisandrin by comparing with reference substances or literature. In vitro assays showed that schisandrin at concentrations of 10-100 μM protected HUVECs from hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) injury, increased cell viability, nitric oxide (NO) content and decreased lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) leakage, malonaldehyde (MDA) content and ROS generation. Moreover, schisandrin pretreatment inhibited cell apoptosis, as evidenced by inhibiting activation of caspase-3 and increasing the Bcl-2/Bax ratio. These data indicate that HUVECs biospecific extraction coupled with HPLC-ESI-Q-TOF-MS/MS analysis is a reliable method for screening potential bioactive components from traditional Chinese medicines. Meanwhile, the vascular endothelium protective property of schisandrin might be beneficial for the treatment of cardiovascular disease.

  8. Metabolite identification of seven active components of Huan-Nao-Yi-Cong-Fang in rat plasma using high-performance liquid chromatography combined with hybrid ion trap/time-of-flight mass spectrometry.

    Wang, Minchao; Lu, Yanzhen; Liu, Jiangang; Li, Hao; Wei, Yun


    Huan-Nao-Yi-Cong-Fang (HNYCF) is a potential prescription in treating Alzheimer's disease. Seven constituents [ferulic acid (FA), 2,3,5,4'-tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-β-d-glucoside (THSG), berberine hydrochloride (BHCl), emodin, ginsenoside Rg1 (Rg1), ginsenoside Re (Re) and ginsenoside Rb1 (Rb1)] have been used as quality chemical markers of HNYCF owing to their biological significance and high contents in crude plant materials. This study explored the metabolites of the seven bioactive components in rat plasma to give useful data for further study of the action mechanism of HNYCF. LC/MS-IT-TOF was used to simultaneously characterize the metabolites of the seven components. Using the combination of MetID Solution 1.0 software and accurate mass measurements, the metabolites of HNYCF were reliably characterized. Their structures were elucidated based on the accurate MS(2) spectra and comparisons of their changes in accurate molecular masses and fragment ions with those of parent compounds. A total of five parent active compounds (BHCl, emodin, Rg1, Rb1 and Re) and 10 metabolites were found from the rat plasma 2 h after oral administration of HNYCF dosage, of which two metabolites of emodin were observed for the first time. The proposed metabolic pathways of the bioactive components in the rat plasma are helpful for further studies on the pharmacokinetics and real active compound forms of this drug.

  9. On activity space of monks in the Song Dynasty from the angel of Yi Jian Zhi%从《夷坚志》看宋代僧人活动空间



    Yi Jian Zhi written by Hong Mai in the Southern Song Dynasty described the social behaviors from the late Northern Song Dynasty to the early Southern Song Dynasty, among which there were a lot about monks. In the book, the activity space of monks was wide, their social networking was active, and their social activities were various. People of that age held different opinions on it. This paper studies the relevant records about this book in order to help people have a better understanding of the society of the Northern and Southern Song Dynasties, especially the whole image of the monk group of that period.%南宋洪迈所作《夷坚志》记述了北宋末年至南宋初年的社会百态,其中关于僧人的记述尤为丰富,书中描述的僧人活动空间非常广泛,社交比较活跃,从事活动丰富多样,对此时人亦有不同议论。通过对该书相关记述的梳理,以更好地了解两宋时期的社会状态尤其是该时期僧人群体的形象。

  10. Simultaneous Qualitative and Quantitative Analysis of Multiple Chemical Constituents in YiQiFuMai Injection by Ultra-Fast Liquid Chromatography Coupled with Ion Trap Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry

    Chunhua Liu


    Full Text Available YiQiFuMai injection (YQFM is a modern lyophilized powder preparation derived from the traditional Chinese medicine Sheng-mai san (SMS used for treating cardiovascular diseases, such as chronic heart failure. However, its chemical composition has not been fully elucidated, particularly for the preparation derived from Ophiopogon japonicus. This study aimed to establish a systematic and reliable method to quickly and simultaneously analyze the chemical constituents in YQFM by ultra-fast liquid chromatography coupled with ion trap time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UFLC-IT-TOF/MS. Sixty-five compounds in YQFM were tentatively identified by comparison with reference substances or literature data. Furthermore, twenty-one compounds, including three ophiopogonins, fifteen ginsenosides and three lignans were quantified by UFLC-IT-TOF/MS. Notably, this is the first determination of steroidal saponins from O. japonicus in YQFM. The relative standard deviations (RSDs of intra- and inter-day precision, reproducibility and stability were <4.9% and all analytes showed good linearity (R2 ≥ 0.9952 and acceptable recovery of 91.8%–104.2% (RSD ≤ 5.4%, indicating that the methods were reliable. These methods were successfully applied to quantitative analysis of ten batches of YQFM. The developed approach can provide useful and comprehensive information for quality control, further mechanistic studies in vivo and clinical application of YQFM.

  11. 彝族“撮泰吉”与希腊狄奥尼索斯崇拜比较研究%A Comparison of “Cuotaiji”Rite of Yi People and Dionysus Worship in Greece



    在资料梳理和田野调查的基础上,运用比较研究的方法,从宗教学与文学人类学的角度,以彝族“撮泰吉”与希腊狄奥尼索斯崇拜为主题,探析了两者在祭程、供品、象征符号、祭祀目的及与戏剧的渊源方面的异同,旨在透过两者的社会表层实践,探寻人类共同的认知方式,揭示其蕴含的宗教文化象征及相似的祭祀本质。%Based on the materials arrangement and field work, using a comparative method, from the perspective of religion and literary anthropology, this article takes the “Cuotaiji” rite of Yi People and the Greek Dionysus worship as its themes and analyzes the similarities and differences of their ritual procedures, offerings, symbols, ritual purposes, and the relationships to the origin of drama. It explores the common cognitive model of human beings, reveals the religious and cultural symbols and the similar nature of sacrifice through the superficial social practices of“Cuotaiji”rite and Dionysus worship.

  12. 彝族敘事长诗《阿诗玛》及其传承的教育功能%The Epopee“Ashima”of Yi People and its Education Functions



    彝族叙事长诗《阿诗玛》是我国少数民族文学宝库中一颗光彩夺目的明珠。《阿诗玛》具有鲜明的艺术特色,根据其所改编的艺术形式也多种多样,在社会上广为流传。在其教育传承过程中对人的德智美方面产生着重要的有益影响,具有特殊的教育功能。%The epopee"Ashima"of Yi minority is a very bright pearl in the treasury of China's minority ethnic literatures. In addition to its own superb artistic characteristics, the other artistic forms adapted from it are diversified and widely spread in the society. In the process of its educational bequeathing, it produced an important and beneficial effect on people, and has a special educational function.

  13. Bulgurluzade Rıza’nın Müntahabat-I Bedâyi-İ Edebiye İsimli Antolojisinin Çeviriyazı ve İncelemesi

    Kiriş, Fatma Betül


    Antolojiler, genellikle yazar yapıtlarından belli bir amaca ve yönteme göre seçilmiş nesir ve nazım parçalarından oluşan eserlerdir. Türk edebiyatında antoloji olarak değerlendirebileceğimiz en eski eserler şiir mecmuaları ile şairlerin biyografileri hakkında bilgi içeren şuara tezkireleridir. Bu çalışmamızda 19. yüzyılda tanınmış antolojilerinden olan Müntahabat-ı Bedâyi-i Edebiye ’nin nesir kısmını günümüz alfabesine aktardık. Sözlük ve indeks hazırlayarak bu konuda çalışma yapacakların ...

  14. 凉山彝族地区彝族患者川崎病患病情况及临床特点研究%The Research of Prevalence and Clinical Characteristics of Kawasaki Disease of Yi Nationality Children in Liangs-han of Sichuan Province

    张海; 石艳; 杨尧


    Objective To understand the prevalence and clinical characteristics of the Yi nationality children with KD. Methods Retrospectively analyze Yi nationality KD children in our hospital from January 1, 2002 to December 31,2010, com-pared their prevalence, clinical features, laboratory examination, treatment response and prognosis with that of the Han nationality children. Results The patients of Han nationality children hospitalized in our department during that period was 24933 cases, 312 cases were KD patients accounted for 1. 25%. while there were 4852 cases Yi nationality children, 6 cases of patients with KD, accounting for 0. 123%. The prevalence of Yi nationality children was Significantly lower than that of the Han nationality children, with significant difference. Over the same period, 3677 patients in the Yi nationality accounting for 75. 78% with infec-tious diseases, higher than that of the Han nationality, which is 16724 patients accounting for 67. 08%, which suggested signifi-cant differences. Their clinical manifestations were similar, only average the average febrile time of the Yi nationality children were significantly longer than that of the Han nationality children. Laboratory tests and coronary artery lesions were similar. The incom-plete KD incidence of Yi nationality is higher than that of the Han nationality, IVIG treatment response of Yi nationality is good, which suggested significant difference. Conclusion KD prevalence of Yi nationality children in our hospital was significantly low-er that of Han nationality children, with patients of Yi nationality childre their inflammatory response is lighter, IVIG effect and re-cent prognosis is good. But due to our sample size is too small, the results may be with deviation. So we need to do a long time, large sample, multicenter joint observation and research.%目的:了解彝族患者KD的患病情况及其临床特点。方法对2002年1月1日至2010年12月31日在我院住院的彝族KD患者

  15. 从《夷坚志》看宋代农村的雇佣劳动%On Wage Labor in the Countryside of Song Dynasty in Yi Jian Zhi



    Yi Jian Zhi, was written by Hong Mai, the famous scholar of the Southern Song Dynasty, and it is a marvelous clas-sical novel featured ghost stories, consisting of extensive phenomena about social economy and routine life of Song Dynasty. And it is of great historical value. Offering labor for sale to survive is the only choice for peasants being lack of producer goods. Many ways were introduced in Yi Jian Zhi, throughout the fields of production process and routine life. The employed labor force was distributed into non-productive area because of the limitation of the whole developing level of urban handicraft industry and social economy. Wage labor sold the labor force for lack of living material to support their families, which determines the feudal quality of wage labor in the countryside of Song Dynasty. The employment relationship had been formed between employer and wage labor, characterized with employment value:employer paid wage labor every day, or every month with cash. Labor just was paid and he was free and without personal bondage to employer. Wage labor could leave employer anytime. Wage labor was despised in society that indicated its social status very low.%南宋著名学者洪迈编撰的《夷坚志》,是一部搜罗广博、卷帙浩繁、内容宏富、气象万千的志怪小说集,蕴含大量宋代社会经济、生活珍贵资料,史料价值极高。缺少生产资料,出卖劳动力获取些许收入维持生计,是农民的不二选择,《夷坚志》记载了宋代农民基于各种原因出卖劳动力以维持生计的种种形式,遍及生产、生活各个领域。受城市手工业及社会经济发展整体水平局限,宋代农村雇佣劳动多分布于非生产性领域。雇佣劳动者“薄有赀业”,靠出卖动力补充生计,决定了宋代农村雇佣劳动的封建属性。雇主与雇佣劳动者普遍形成以“雇值”为纽带雇佣与被雇佣的关系,雇主按日、或按月以货币

  16. Levels of Polychlorinated Biphenyls in Tibetan and Yi Adolescents' Hair from Liangshan Prefecture, Sichuan Province%四川凉山藏彝青少年头发中多氯联苯污染水平的研究

    周萤; 孙一鸣; 金军; 雷建容; 秦贵平; 何雪珠; 林尤静


    本研究采用索式提取-气相色谱-质谱(GC-MS)分析了39份来自四川省凉山州藏族﹑彝族青少年(11~19岁)头发样品中的12种类二英多氯联苯( DL-PCBs)的浓度水平及其同族体组成,并分析了其浓度与民族﹑食肉和饮奶习惯及性别的相关性.结果表明,头发样品中 PCBs 的检出率为100%, DL-PCBs 的总含量为(102.2±14.3) pg•g-1,含量范围9.6~991.6 pg•g-1,表明该地区受到DL-PCBs的污染程度较轻. PCB-77﹑PCB-105﹑PCB-118为主要单体,占∑DL-PCBs的84.7%.凉山州彝族青少年头发样品中的PCBs浓度显著高于藏族,且其浓度与每周食肉﹑饮奶频次具有相关性( P﹤0.05),表明通过饮食摄取的PCBs可能是造成浓度差异的原因之一.该地区藏﹑彝青少年女性发样中PCBs浓度显著高于男性(P﹤0.05).%Adolescents’(11-19 years old) hair samples( n=39) collected from Liangshan prefecture, Sichuan Province were analyzed for 12 dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyl(DL-PCBs) congeners by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry(GC-MS). The levels and distribution characteristics of DL-PCBs in Tibetan and Yi Adolescents’ hair were studied, meanwhile, the relationships between the levels of DL-PCBs and the nationalities, eating habits and genders were addressed. The results indicated that the average concentration of PCBs was(102. 2 ± 14. 3) pg•g-1 with the range from 9. 6 pg•g -1 to 991. 6 pg•g-1 . The concentration levels of this region were relatively low. PCB-77, PCB-105 and PCB-118 were the major congeners, contributing to 84. 7% of the total. The levels of PCBs in Yi teenagers’ hair were higher than those in Tibetan, and the concentration in hair was related to the frequency of eating meats and drinking milk per week. It might be attributed to the different eating habits of these two nationalities. When gender was considered, significantly higher concentrations were found in female than in male( P﹤0. 05) .

  17. On the Documents' Compile and Value of Zhang Gang' s ShangShuJiangYi%张纲《书》学资料辑佚及价值研究



    Zhang Gang' s ShangShuJiangYi was disappeared long ago. Compiled from other scholars' works, we can thoughts Zhang collect more than 50 thousands words. From these documents, we can find which ways and Gang used to expound ShangShu. Zhang Gang always explained the characters' means from its basic structural parts, even some basic structural parts only corrected with speech sounds. And he used to sep- arate a single word into two characters. He used thoughts of yin and yang, Taoists' and Legalists' and Logicians to expound ShartgShu. From these, we may research Zhang Gang' s thoughts and know where his thoughts came from. And we can research the influence of Wang Anshi' s thoughts and the trend of thoughts in Song Dynasty.%张纲《尚书讲义》早已亡佚,辑录诸家所引可得5万余字。张刚训诂好析字拆词,以会意说形声,强拆同义词为说。训诂重字词之义理阐发,主以阴阳思想、道家之说、刑名之学解经。在方法和思想上直承王安石。考索张纲《书》学,可以研究其思想及渊源,探究王安石《书》学之影响以及当时之社会思潮。

  18. 《医学衷中参西录》版本述略%A brief introduction to the versions of Yi xue zhong zhong can xi lu(Discourses of Combining Chinese and Western Medicines)

    李渡华; 于丽; 张盛君


    从1918年至1934年分7期陆续刊行,这10余年间删增印行过程中张氏多作修改,各期内容变化较大,是为"原始早期本";1935年至1943年又数次再版印行,虽仍未加标点,但内容变化不大,故称之为"原始后期本".1957年至1984年前又多次刊行校点本.1984年至2003年的多种刊本,主要是对第一至八期的重新校勘.另有其他版本对进行补正、选评、节选、重编、研究、解读,有的还增加了临床新用.%The whole Yi xue zhong zhong can xi lu was published in 7 issues during 1918~1934.During this period,modifications were made by the author himself and this is the original version.In 1935 ~1943,several revisions were further made by him without punctuations without much changes in its contents and is called the"late original version".In 1959-1984,checking and punctuations were made several times and published.In 1984~2003,the original 1-8 issues were newly revised.There are also supplemented,selected commentaries,abridged,recompiled and paraphrased versions,with clinical experiences added.

  19. The Fine Writing Style---Female Writer Jin Yi and her Creation%修到梅花瘦可怜--闺秀诗人金逸与她的创作



    金逸作为袁枚“闺中三大知己”之一,其诗歌创作所呈现出的风貌也成为袁枚“性灵”理论的一块镜子。从随园弟子的角度看,她与袁枚的交往成为了她投身“性灵”的原因;而从闺阁写作来看,她的创作又始终体现着女性的细腻柔婉。她的身世既平稳又坎坷,天生的聪慧与短暂的生命始终构成一对矛盾。在对她的研究中,乾嘉时期闺阁写作的个性与风貌也随之显现。%As one of the three female bosom friends of Yuan Mei,Jin Yi reveals her poet creation style that becomes a mirror of Yuan Mei’s theory of spirit. From the perspective of Suiyuan disciples,her contact with Yuan Mei makes her devoted to the theory of spirit;from the perspective of female writing,her creation reveals the exquisiteness and tenderness of females. Her life is calm and un-lucky. She is born brilliant but has a brief life. When studying her,the features and styles of female writing in the Qianjia Period e-merge accordingly.

  20. Seducing the Husband:The Abnormal Behavior of the Wife in Liao Zhai Zhi Yi%《聊斋志异》中的“易妻为妾”现象探析



    "易妻为妾"是产生于《聊斋志异》中《恒娘》篇里的特定语汇。蒲松龄对"易妻为妾"行为的描写,使《恒娘》成为反映女性嫉妒问题的小说特例。"易妻为妾"揭示了妻妾之道下的情爱心理特点,演绎了女性面对婚姻危机时的一种反攻战术,展示了古代夫、妻、妾关系的某种真实面貌。对从古至今长期存在的女性"易妻为妾"的心理和行为还需进行深入的思考和研究。%The particular term "transferring from wife to concubine" ,which was derived from the series stories Heng Niang in Liao Zhai Zhi Yi, referred to the abnormal behaviors of the wives in the ancient times. It was a counterat-tack strategy used by females to handle their marriage crisis. Owing to it, Heng Niang became distinctive in the novels created in Ming and Qing Dynasties. The stories in Heng Niang portrayed the female jealousy in detail. The phenomenon "transferring from wife to concubine" signified the females' love psychology in the competition between the wives and the concubines. It exactly explained the subtle relationship between the husband, the wife and the concubine. It still needs further reflection and study on the specific psychology and abnormal behaviors brought by "transferring from wife to concubine".

  1. Problems and Tactics to Exports of Labor Services in Honghe Hani & Yi Areas%红河哈尼族彝族地区劳务输出中的问题及策略研究

    李发; 罗有亮


    With regarding the Honghe Prefecture-as a single case this-paper describes those problems in the export of labor services of the Hani and the Yi people areas in recent years, major initiatives, and the urgency to strengthen this work, with a series of strategic recommendations. In the labor exports of Honghe the main problems are small scale, low income levels and lack of service level. In view of this, we should take a large-scale strategy, while strengthening the mobilizations of export of labor, strengthening the service systems, and from long-term perspective strengthening basic educations and vocational educations. The paper emphasizes the combination of those short-term strategies and long-term strategies, and that a reference to the direction of some cross-border cooperation.%文章以红河哈尼族彝族地区为具体个案论述了最近几年红河流域边疆少数民族地区劳务输出中存在的问题、主要举措以及加强这一工作的迫切性和下一步的推进性策略建议。哈尼族地区劳务输出中的主要问题是规模小、收入水平低、服务水平不足。鉴于此,主要应该采取规模化策略,同时加强劳务输出动员,加强服务体系建设,并从长远考虑,加强基础教育和职业教育。文章强调了近期策略和远期战略的结合,指出了跨境合作的参考方向。

  2. Density functional study of electronic, charge density, and chemical bonding properties of 9-methyl-3-Thiophen-2-YI-Thieno [3,2-e] [1, 2, 4] Thriazolo [4,3-c] pyrimidine-8-Carboxylic acid ethyl ester crystals

    Reshak, A.H., E-mail: [New Technologies – Research Center, University of West Bohemia, Univerzitni 8, 306 14 Pilsen (Czech Republic); Center of Excellence Geopolymer and Green Technology, School of Material Engineering, University Malaysia Perlis, 01007 Kangar, Perlis (Malaysia); Kamarudin, H. [Center of Excellence Geopolymer and Green Technology, School of Material Engineering, University Malaysia Perlis, 01007 Kangar, Perlis (Malaysia); Alahmed, Z.A. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, King Saud University, Riyadh 11451 (Saudi Arabia); Auluck, S. [CSIR-National Physical Laboratory, Dr. K S Krishnan Marg, New Delhi 110012 (India); Chyský, Jan [Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, CTU in Prague, Technicka 4, 166 07 Prague 6 (Czech Republic)


    A comprehensive theoretical density functional investigation of the electronic crystal structure, chemical bonding, and the electron charge densities of 9-Methyl-3-Thiophen-2-YI-Thieno [3, 2-e] [1, 2, 4] Thriazolo [4,3-c] Pyrimidine-8-Carboxylic Acid Ethyl Ester (C{sub 15}H{sub 12}N{sub 4}O{sub 2}S{sub 2}) is performed. The density of states at Fermi level equal to 5.50 (3.45) states/Ry cell, and the calculated bare electronic specific heat coefficient is found to be 0.95 (0.59) mJ/mole-K{sup 2} for the local density approximation (Engel–Vosko generalized gradient approximation). The electronic charge density space distribution contours in (1 0 0) and (1 1 0) planes were calculated. We find that there are two independent molecules (A and B) in the asymmetric unit exhibit intramolecular C–H…O, C–H…N interactions. This intramolecular interaction is different in molecules A and B, where A molecule show C–H…O interaction while B molecule exhibit C–H…N interaction. We should emphasis that there is π–π interaction between the pyrimidine rings of the two neighbors B molecules gives extra strengths and stabilizations to the superamolecular structure. The calculated distance between the two neighbors pyrimidine rings found to be 3.345 Å, in good agreement with the measured one (3.424(1) Å). - Highlights: • Electronic structure, chemical bonding, and electron charge density were studied. • Density of states at Fermi level is 5.50 (3.45) states/Ry cell, for LDA (EVGGA). • Bare electronic specific heat coefficient is 0.95 (0.59) mJ/mole-K{sup 2} for LDA(EVGGA). • There are two independent molecules (A and B) in the asymmetric unit.

  3. El principio hermenéutico ’ên kĕṯîḇ kaʼn ’êl·la’ en la Meḵilta de Rabbi Yišmael

    Martín Contreras, Elvira


    Full Text Available In this article the author identifies and examines all the examples of Mekhilta de Rabbi Ishmael in which the hermeneutical technique ’ên kĕṯîḇ kaʼn ’êl·la’ is applied. This analysis will enable us to establish its specific use in the midrash. All the examples can be splited in two groups according to the element commented: 1 textual problem or detail and, 2 words or expresions without any problems in their context. The function of this technique is also different in each group: it has a textual function in the first group and an exegetical one in the second.En este artículo se identifican y analizan todos los casos en los que se emplea el recurso hermenéutico ’ên kĕṯîḇ kaʼn ’êl·la’ en la Meḵilta de Rabbi Yišmael, análisis que permite conocer cómo es en su aplicación práctica en este midrás. Los casos identificados, veintiuno en total, pueden agruparse en dos grandes bloques, según lo que comentan: 1 problema o detalle textual, y 2 palabras o expresiones sin ningún problema aparente. También se puede apreciar que, en cada bloque, la función de este recurso es diferente: textual en el primero y exegética en el segundo.

  4. Clinical experience on 72 cases with Qi-blood deficiency type osteoporosis in the treatment of self-made Yi Xue Qiang Gu decoction%自拟益血强骨汤治疗气血亏虚型骨质疏松症72例临床体会

    宋雪; 杨大伟; 万家兴


    目的:探讨自拟益血强骨汤治疗气血亏虚型骨质疏松症的临床疗效.方法:2010年1月-2012年6月采用自拟益血强骨汤结合阿仑膦酸钠治疗气血亏虚型骨质疏松症患者 72 例,观察疗效、中医证候及骨密度的变化.结果:疗效评定有效率93.1%,中医证候评定有效率90%,骨密度评定有效率87.5%.结论:自拟益血强骨汤能显著改善气血亏虚型骨质疏松症患者的症状,增强患者骨质,值得临床推广.%Objective:To investigate the clinical effect of self-made Yi Xue Qiang Gu decoction in the treatment of blood deficiency type of osteoporosis.Methods:72 patients with Qi-blood deficiency type osteoporosis were selected from January 2010 to June 2012,and all of them were treated with self-made Yi Xue Qiang Gu decoction combined with alendronate sodium.Then we observed the curative effect,the changes on TCM syndromes and bone mineral density.Results:The efficacy evaluation of efficiency was 93.1% ;evaluation efficiency of TCM syndrome was 90% ;the bone density assessment efficiency was 87.5% . Conclusion:Self-made Yi Xue Qiang Gu decoction in the treatment of Qi-blood deficiency type osteoporosis can improve the patient's symptoms and enhance the patient's bone,so it is a good treatment method,and worthy of clinical application.

  5. 历史故事的当代解读与诗性评析--雁翼散文艺术新探%The Contemporary Interpretation and Poetic Analysis of Historical Stories:A New Exploration of the Art of Yan Yi's Prose

    高瑞芳; 赖雪芳


    The 90's in twentieth century, Yan Yi in the era of the great liberation of our country's ideology and culture is in the mature stage of his literary creation. And at this stage, Yan Yi completed his prose collection: Yan Yi comments on Ancient Times, the author used his modern ideas to contemplate the ancient story, and elucidated himself as a modern for women to pursue self-value and the social inequality position against the spirit of affirmation, and the discovery and affirmation of human value. The reinterpretation of the ancient stories, has important revelation for the civilization of the contemporary society.%20世纪90年代,处于我国思想文化大解放的时代潮流中的雁翼也正处于其文学创作的成熟阶段。而在这一阶段下雁翼完成了他的散文集《雁翼说古》。在《雁翼说古》中作者用自己的现代观念去观照古代的故事,阐发了自己作为现代人对于女性追求自我价值和对社会不平等的地位的反抗精神的肯定,对人性价值的发掘和肯定。而这些在古代故事的重新解读的过程中对女性意识、人性和个人价值的思考,对我们当代社会的人文建设有重要的启示作用。

  6. 文化寓言的转型与承续--论王安忆《长恨歌》与《天香》的美学嬗变%Transformation and Inheritance of Cultural Allegories-Aesthetic Transmutation about Wang An-yi's Chang Hen Ge and Tian Xiang



    Shanghai Spirit was one of the themes of Wang An-yi's novels, and she presented different forms in different ages. Chang Hen Ge and Tian Xiang backdated the spirit of Shanghai culture, showing the vertical inheritance and transmutation of Wang An-yi's creation. Wang Qi-yao in Chang Hen Ge was a symbol of elegant and exquisite culture in Shanghai City Spirit, while Tian Xiang depic-ted several generations of folk artists' pursuit on exquisite embroider, having the gracious quality with art and poetry. Whether the in-dividual charming pose by Wang Qi-yao, or the collective potentials from those folk artists focused Wang An-yi's critical reflection on the old and new Shanghai culture.%上海精神是王安忆小说的主题之一,她在不同的时代寓之以不同的形式。《长恨歌》与《天香》以不同的审美方式回溯了上海文化的精神气象,显示了王安忆创作的纵向承续与转型变异。《长恨歌》中的王琦瑶是上海城市精神中优雅精致文化的象征,《天香》则描摹了几代天香园人对刺绣的精湛追求,成就了艺魂诗心的高贵品质。不论是王琦瑶个体式的娇艳姿态,还是天香园人集体式的群芳潜质,都凝结了王安忆对新旧上海文化的批判性反思。

  7. 从《文艺十条》到《文艺八条》--20世纪60年代初期文艺调整的政策转向及其历史意义%From Wen Yi Shi Tiao to Wen Yi Ba Tiao---Study on the Political Turn and Historical Significance of the Literary and Artistic Adjustment in the Early 1960’s



    1961年6月召开的全国文艺工作座谈会,除了充分讨论建国后文艺界出现的问题和对策,还讨论、促成了一份重要的政策性文件《关于当前文学艺术工作的意见(草案)》(简称《文艺十条》),但是正式出台的《关于当前文学艺术工作若干问题的意见(草案)》(简称为《文艺八条》)却进行了大量的删改,这些删改主要是删除或压缩了许多具有现实针对性的、切实有利于文艺发展的内容,同时添加了诸多强调政治思想倾向的内容。这些政治性内容表现在对文艺工作者参加劳动和接受改造的要求、对文艺创作思想倾向的把控、对文艺批评和文艺报刊的限制、对文艺领导的加强等方面。这些修改反映出在特定历史时期文艺政策调整的局限性和潜伏着反复的某种预兆。%The National Symposium of Literature and Art in June 1961 had discussed and brought about an important policy document Suggestions about the Current Literature and A rt (Draf t) (abbreviated as Wen Yi Shi Tiao) besides discussing the problems and policies in literature and art after the founding of People's Republic of China .But formally issued Suggestions about Several Problems of the Current Literature and A rt (draf t) was different from Wen Yi Shi Tiao .These differences are deletion and compression of many policies which was of practical relevance and were good for the development of literature and art ,at the same time adding many policies emphasizing politics .The political content included asking writers and artists to take part in work and accept transformation ,the control of ideological tendency of literature and art ,restriction of literary and artistic criticism and publications ,reinforcement of literary and artistic leadership and so on .These differences reflected the limitation of literary and artistic adjustment and a certain forecast that the situation would go back in

  8. 益肾活血汤对糖尿病性ED大鼠阴茎白膜弹性纤维组织的影响%Effect of YiShenHuoXueTang on albuginea penis fibroelastic tissue in diabetic erectile dysfunction rats'

    李煜罡; 潘恩山; 朱晓光


    目的 观察益肾活血汤对糖尿病性阴茎勃起功能障碍(ED)大鼠阴茎白膜弹性纤维组织的影响,探讨其治疗糖尿病性ED的可能机制.方法 取雄性SD大鼠50只,随机取10只为正常组,余40只以链脲佐菌素诱导建立糖尿病模型.行阿朴吗啡阴茎勃起试验筛选糖尿病性ED模型后,按随机化原则选20只并分为模型组、治疗组各10只.治疗组予益肾活血汤药液17.7 g/(kg·d)灌胃,模型组及正常组予等量生理盐水灌胃.给药4周后,在阴茎海绵体勃起状态下取各组阴茎组织,行维多利亚蓝一丽春红染色,彩色图文系统进行分析,观察阴茎白膜弹性纤维累积光密度(IOD)值.结果 治疗组、模型组、正常组阴茎白膜组织中弹性纤维IOD值分别为8.50±2.03、3.96±1.88、9.55±2.67,治疗组明显高于模型组(P<0.01),与正常组接近(P>0.05);模型组显著低于正常组(P<0.01).结论 益肾活血汤可显著提高糖尿病性ED大鼠阴茎白膜弹性纤维数量;此可能为其治疗糖尿病性ED的可能机制.%Objective To investigate the effect of YiShenHuoXueTang on albuginea penis fibroelastic tissue in diabetic erectile dysfunction rats' in order to reaearch the treating mechanism of YiShenHuoXueTang on diabetic erectile dysfunction. Methods There were 50 male SD rats included in this study. Of all the 50 rats, 10 normal rats were randomly divided into control group and the other 40 rats were induced into diabetic erectile dysfunction model after treated by streptozoto-cin and apomorphine penis erectile test. Twenty diabetic erectile dysfunction rats were chosen randomly and equally divided into two groups, which were diabetic erectile dysfunction group and YiShenHuoXueTang group. Rat s in YiShenHuoXueTang group were treated with YiShenHuoXueTang [17.7 g/(kg · d)] by route of gastric perfusion. Rats in diabetic erectile dysfunction group and control group were treated with normal saline in a same dose and route

  9. 安神一号胶囊与劳拉西泮治疗躯体形式障碍自主神经紊乱的疗效比较%Clin ical Study on Treaing P atien ts with S om atoform Disorder and Auton om ic Nervous Disorder with AnShenYiHao Capsule or L orazepam

    石洲宝; 刘敏科; 申希平; 黄生辉; 陈林庆; 赵剑华


    目的:比较安神一号胶囊与劳拉西泮治疗躯体形式障碍自主神经紊乱的疗效.方法:将90例躯体形式障碍自主神经紊乱住院患者随机分为2组,安神一号胶囊组与劳拉西泮组各45例,治疗8周,采用Hamilton Anxiety Scale(HAMA)和Clinical Global ImpresGIon-global improvement(CGI-GI)评定临床疗效.结果:安神一号胶囊与劳拉西泮有效率分别为:86.66%和82.22%,2组疗效差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).结论:安神一号胶囊与劳拉西泮治疗躯体形式障碍自主神经紊乱疗效相当.%Objective:To compare the efficacy of treating patients with somatoform disorder and autonomic nervous disorder with A nShen YiHao capsule or lorazepam. Method:90 cases of patients with somatoform disorder and autonomic nervous disorder were randomly divided into two groups, each group had 45 cases and treated for 8 weeks,one group were treated with lorazepam and another gronp were treated with AnShen YiHao capsule,assessed the clinical efficacy using(Hamilton Anxiety Scale,HAMA) and(Clinical Global InpresGIon-global improvement, CGI-GI).Result:The total effective rates of the AnShen YiHao capsule group and the lorazepam group were 86.66% and 82.22% after 8 weeks of treannent,the differences in efficacy between two groups had no significant difference (P>0.05).Conclusion:AnShen YiHao capsnle and lorazepam have considerable effect on treating patients with somatoform disorder and atntonomic nervous disorder.

  10. Distribution of Angiotensin Ⅱ Type 1 Receptor Gene A1166C Polymorphism in Yi Nationality Population in Yunnan Province%血管紧张素Ⅱ1型受体A1166C多态性在云南彝族人群中的分布

    杨榆玲; 龙莉; 瞿秋; 吴玲; 何永蜀; 张彦


    目的 了解云南省晋宁县彝族人群AT1R基因A1166C多态性分布的情况,为研究AT1R基因相关性疾病的发病机制奠定基础.方法 采用PCR-RFLP技术对居住在云南省晋宁县180例彝族健康个体的AT1R基因A1166C多态性进行分析,获得其基因型频率和等位基因频率分布情况,并与其他人群该位点多态性进行比较.结果 云南省晋宁县彝族AT1R基因的AA、AC、CC基因型频率分别为95.6%、4.4%和0%,A、C等位基因频率分别为97.8%和2.2%.此位点多态性分布与不同人群比较,除凉山彝族外,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论 AT1R基因A1166C多态性分布存在民族、种族差异.%Objective To investigate the angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R) gene A1166C polymorphism in a Yi nationality population in Yunnan province, and to provide evidence for the research of AT1R related diseases. Methods We recruited 180 healthy subjects of Yi nationality in rural area of Jinning, Yunnan province. The AT1R A1166C polymorphism was determined by polymerase chain reaction- restriction fragment (PCR- RFLP) technique. The genotype frequencies and allele frequencies were obtained and compared with those collected from other population. Results In healthy Yi people of Yunnan province, frequencies for the AA, AC and CC genotypes were 95.6%, 4.4% and 0%. Derived allele frequencies for the A and C allele were 97.8% and 2.2%. The distribution of AT1R genotypes and the allele frequencies in Yunnan Yi people were significantly different from other nationality (P<0.05) . Conclusion The frequency of the genotype or the allele of AT1R A1166C polymorphism is different significantly in different ethnic populations.

  11. A Path Analysis on Yi College Students' Self-esteem,Social Behavior,Negative Automatic Thoughts and Loneliness%彝族大学生自尊、社交行为及负性自动思维对孤独感影响的路径分析

    尹绍清; 赵科


    彝族大学生自尊、社交行为及负性自动思维均与孤独感显著相关(P〈0.01),自尊与社交行为及负性自动思维显著相关(P〈0.01);负性自动思维直接影响彝族大学的孤独感,社交行为可直接影响孤独感,也可经由负性自动思维对孤独感产生影响;自尊对孤独感的直接影响作用不显著,其经由社交行为及负性自动思维的中介间接影响孤独感.可见彝族大学生的社交行为及负性自动思维在自尊与孤独感之间起完全中介作用.%To analyze the relationships between Yi Junior college students' self-esteem,social behavior,negative automatic thoughts and loneliness.The author made a survey among 293 Yi Junior college students on the base of the Self-Esteem Scale(SES),Texas Social Behavior Inventory(TSBI),Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire(ATQ) and UCLA Loneliness Scale.Yi college students' self-esteem,social behavior and negative automatic thoughts were significantly correlated with loneliness(P0.01),While significant correlations were obtained between social behavior,negative automatic thoughts and loneliness(P0.01);negative automatic thoughts and social behavior influenced loneliness directly,respectively,while social behavior influence loneliness through negative automatic thoughts;self-esteem influence in loneliness by social behavior and negative automatic thought.Yi college students' social behavior and negative automatic thoughts play a completely mediating role in the relation between self-esteem and loneliness.

  12. 益气透脓解毒法治疗急性化脓性扁桃体炎60例%Treating 60 Patients Suffering from Acute Suppurative Tonsillitis by YiQi TouNong JieDu Method

    赵文; 孟凡琳


    Objective: To observe clinical effects of YiQi TouNong JieDu method in treating acute suppurative tonsillitis. Methods: All 120 patients were randomly allocated to two groups in the ratio of 1:1, the control group re-ceived anti-inflammation therapy, the treatment group TouNong powder, PuJi XiaoDu drink, TianHuaFeng(Trichosan-this Radix) and YiYiRen (Semen Coicis) to invigorate Qi, draw out pus and detoxifying. The score improvements of the symptoms including fever, sore throat, secreta and others were observed in both groups. Results: The treatment group was superior to the control group in the score improvements of the symptoms including fever, sore throat and secreta(P<0.05). Conclusion: YiQi TouNong JieDu method is effective in treating acute suppurative tonsillitis, it could improve the symptoms and body signs such as sore throat, secreta and fever.%目的:观察益气透脓解毒法治疗急性化脓性扁桃体炎的临床疗效。方法:将120例患者按1∶1比例随机分为2组,对照组给予抗感染治疗,治疗组给予益气透脓解毒法之透脓散合普济消毒饮加天花粉、薏苡仁治疗。观察2组患者治疗后发热、咽痛、分泌物等症状积分改善情况。结果:治疗后发热、咽痛、分泌物等症状积分改善治疗组优于对照组(P<0.05)。结论:益气透脓解毒法治疗急性化脓性扁桃体炎临床疗效肯定,可改善咽部疼痛、发热等症状,减少分泌物。

  13. 从落第士子到人世贤杰——论《柳毅传》中古代士子的人格修习%From Poor Scholars to Great Thinkers——on the Personality Cultivation of Scholars in Old Times from Biography of Liu Yi



    儒家文化是中国传统文化的主体 ,儒家理想人格是古代士人自我人格修习的准则 ,也是中国古代正面文学典型的人格形态.唐传奇《柳毅传》中以柳毅为代表的艺术形象 ,即是儒家"仁义礼智信""五常之道"人格理想的人生实践.%The Confucian culture is the main body of Chinese traditional culture and Confucian ideal personality is the criterion of ancient scholar's self -personality practice ,which is also the typical per-sonality in Chinese positive literature in ancient times.In Tang Chuan-qi's Biography of Liu Yi ,Liu Yi is the representative art figure ,that is ,Confucian ideal life practice——Benevolence ,Justice ,Cour-tesy ,Wisdom and Faith.

  14. Exploration of Chinese Allusions in Yi Kyu-bo's Fu——Centering on Yi's Wei Fu%朝鲜李奎报汉文赋引中国文化典故探析——以《畏赋》为中心



    李奎报喜爱中国传统文化,对蕴涵在中国古代典籍中的典故十分了解,在他的赋作中,篇篇皆用典,所用典故类型丰富,意蕴深厚。典故的运用,使李奎报的赋更加含蓄、概括、凝练,更扩大了其赋的内涵。典故在李奎报赋文中被广泛运用,与他所处时代的政治、文化背景和他的个人修养等密切相关。%As a scholar in ancient Korea,Yi Kyu-bo was well-known for his works of Fu,a style of writing originated from China.Yi appreciated Chinese traditional cultures and had a good command of the allusions in Chinese ancient records.Various allusions with rich connotations were quoted and can be found in each of Yi's Fu.This enlarged the meaning of his Fu and made them more implicit,conclusive and concise.The extensive use of allusions relates closely with the political situations and cultural phenomenon at that time as well as Yi's self-cultivation.

  15. 功能区环境噪声质量变化及对策--以义县城区为例%Analysis of Noise Quality Changes of Functinal Areaand the Strategies-A case study of YiCounty,Liaoning Province



    指出了随着义县经济快速发展,人口密度日益增加,环境噪声现状不断增加。控制噪声污染已成为当务之急。依据2009~2013年获取的功能区噪声监测数据,分析了义县城区功能区声环境质量状况及变化趋势,为环境管理提出了相应的对策。%with the rapid development of Yi County'seconomy ,itspopulation density is increasing andenviron-mental noise condition continuouslychanges .Therefore ,it is urgent to control the noise pollution as people's environmental consciousness increases ceaselessly today .Based on the noise monitoring data of the functional area of Yi County from2009 to 2013 ,this articleanalyzes theenvironmental noise quality and functional chan-ges trendand provides the countermeasures for environmental management .

  16. 改写理论视角下严复的翻译--浅析《群学肄言》%From the View of Rewriting Theory:Yan Fu’s Translation-A Brief Analysis on Qun Xue Yi Yan



    严复是我国著名的启蒙思想家和翻译家,他将著名的社会学著作《社会学研究》翻译并介绍给中国知识分子,冠名为《群学肄言》,并且译文在原文的基础上进行了一定程度的改写。本文拟从改写理论的角度分析《群学肄言》,从而得出严复译文的变动有着深刻的社会,政治,文化和个人原因。%Yan Fu is a famous Enlightenment thinker and translator of China. He translated the famous sociological work The Study of Sociology and introduced it to the Chinese intellectuals with the title of Qun Xue Yi Yan. On the basis of the original work, the translation has been rewritten to some extent. This paper intends to analysis Qun Xue Yi Yan from the view of Rewrite Theory, so as to know that Yan Fu’s translation changed the original work with profound social, political, cultural and personal reasons.

  17. 从现代主义分析刘以鬯微型小说──《副刊编辑的白日梦》%Analysis of Liu Yi-chang's novel from the modernism--'daydream of supplement editor'



    "Daydream of supplement editor"is a work when Liu Yi-chang edits"the Hongkong times Repulse Bay", by deliberately introduced modernism literature and foreign literature thought, at the same time as limited supplement to their own record. Works with poetic novels and other forms of art, expresses when the author as the supplement editor, still want to promote the feelings in the economic and political pressure. It will combine poetry and novels, narration and image to analyze experimental novel of Liu Yi-chang.%《副刊编辑的白日梦》是刘以鬯主编《香港时报·浅水湾》时,因有意介绍现代主义文学等的外国新文学思想,同时因副刊投稿者有限而要自己创的条件下,促成的其中一篇作品。作品以诗化小说等的艺术形式,表达作者当副刊编辑时,在经济与政治的压力下仍想推广文艺的感受。下文将结合诗与小说,叙事与意象等方面分析刘以鬯的实验小说。

  18. On "Wen-Yi" of Jin Dynasty,Song Dynasty and "Metaphysics Tail" of Xie Lingyun Landscape Poems%晋宋“文义”与谢诗“玄学尾巴”成因

    姜剑云; 霍贵高


    从曹魏后期到晋宋之际,玄学经历了三个形态的变化。一是曹魏后期的"政治的玄学",二是西晋前期的"哲学的玄学",三是晋宋之际的"艺术的玄学"。以正始为代表的曹魏后期文学创作"有玄无文",以太康为代表的西晋前期文学创作"有文无玄",以陶、谢为代表的晋宋之际文学创作"有文有玄"。谢灵运就生活在"艺术的玄学"的时代,他不仅重"文","情必极貌以写物,辞必穷力而追新",而且重"义",体现在诗歌创作中,就是其山水诗的"玄学尾巴"。%From the period of late Cao-wei to the period of Jin dynasty and Song dynasty,metaphysics have undergone three changes in their patterns.The first is "political metaphysics" in late Cao-wei period,the second is "philosophy metaphysics" in former western Jin dynasty,the third is"art metaphysics" in the period of Jin dynasty and Song dynasty.In the period of late Cao-wei,literature has metaphysic but no grace.In former western Jin dynasty,literature has grace but no metaphysic.In the period of Jin dynasty and Song dynasty,literature has grace and metaphysic.Xie Lingyun just lived in such a "arts metaphysics" era which appreciating "Wen-Yi" became a fashion tide.Therefore,he not only thought a lot of literature,but also paid more attention to metaphysics.In poems,it shows the controversial "metaphysics tail".

  19. On Yi Nationality' s Soul Concepts and the Ghost- God Ideas in Witchcraft Society in Pre- Qin Period%彝族灵魂观念与先秦巫术社会中的魂魄鬼神观



    弗雷泽《金枝》中铺陈了灵魂出身观念在世界各地巫术社会中的种种迹象,而这一观念又实为巫术实践操作之一理论基础:灵魂离体,必要有所安顿处,或要招之回身,否则视为不祥。然而,西南民族的人类学资料表明,灵魂离体时会因内部性质的不同而产生分离。笔者运用彝族文献、民俗资料中记载的灵魂离体分离,与先秦文献中的魂和魄分离进行比较,详细诠释灵魂离体的情形,并重新审视先秦社会中,对鬼神概念及祖先祭祀的理解。%In his famous work Golden Bough, Fraser listed the phenomena in witchcraft socie-ties around the world with an idea that soul can leave the body. The idea contributes to the basic theories of the witchcraft practice that the soul out of body will be ominous without a place to settle in, or it should be called back to the body. Moreover, some Anthropology materials from Southwest of China demonstrate that when the soul leaves body, it will separate. This paper compares the literatures and the folk materials of Yi nationality which record the separating soul out of body with the ' Hun (soul, spirit)' and ' Po(vigor, spirit)' in the literatures of pre- Qin period, and analyzes how the soul detaches from the body in details to understand better the ghost - god concepts and sacrifice to ancestors in the pre- Qin society.

  20. 快速分析彝药桃树寄生抗氧化成分%Rapid Analysis of Antioxidant Constituents from Taxillus delavayi,a Yi Ethnomedicinal Material

    朴香兰; 邓长芹; 陈虎彪; 王进


    目的:快速分离、鉴定彝药桃树寄生的抗氧化成分。方法:通过1,1-二苯基-2-三硝基苯肼(DPPH)自由基清除实验,评价彝药桃树寄生的甲醇提取物及其二氯甲烷、正丁醇及水萃取物的抗氧化作用,利用生物活性-高效液相跟踪方法,快速分离、鉴定其有效成分。结果:从彝药桃树寄生的二氯甲烷萃取物中分离、鉴定出有效成分为松脂酚(pinoresinol)。结论:利用生物活性-高效液相跟踪方法可以快速分离、鉴定彝药桃树寄生中的抗氧化成分,可应用于其他天然植物活性成分的快速筛选。%Objectives: To rapidly separate and identify antioxidant constituents from the whole plant of Taxillus delavayi,a Yi ethnomedicinal material,and assess their antioxidant activity.Methods: The antioxidant activity of the methanol extract of the medicinal material and its different solvent fractions obtained by repeated extractions sequentially with dichloromethane,n-butanol and water was assessed by DPPH free radical scavenging assay.The dichloromethane-soluble fraction was further separated by silica gel column chromatography,and a high antioxidant component named as TDD8 was obtained and analyzed by bioassay-linked HPLC and 1H-NMR.Results: An individual compound named as TDD8-2 was separated from TDD8 by semi-preparative HPLC and identified by 1H-NMR as pinoresinol.Conclusion: The bioassay-linked HPLC method allows the rapid separation and identification of antioxidant components from medicinal materials.

  1. A research on the construction of Yi-luo axis in Luoyang based on “four aspects integration”%基于“四态理念”的洛阳伊洛轴线构建初探

    王永强; 周鑫; 田国行


    城市轴线是一种在城市空间布局中起空间结构驾驭作用的线性空间要素,对新时期城镇化背景下生态环境破坏、个性缺失、文脉丢失、无序蔓延扩张等问题具有控制与引导作用。通过对洛阳山水环境的空间布局和城市轴线的发展演变方向进行分析,从时代发展需求出发,依托中央城镇化会议提炼出形态、文态、生态、心态等“四态理念”的伊洛轴线构建措施,旨在为城市空间不断扩张背景下的城市轴线构建提供一种探索方式。%Urban axis is usually referred to a kind of linear key element,which could control spacial structure in a city. It has a control and guiding role for some questions such as environmental degradation,lack of personality,loss of cul-tural and sprawl expansion under the background of urbanization in the new period.This paper was on the basis of spa-tial layout of landscape environment in Luoyang and the evolution of urban axis direction,started with the demand of the times,concluded the construction measures of Yi-luo axis in view of ”four aspects integration”including morpholo-gy,culture,ecology and mentality from the central conference of Urbanization.It was aimed at providing a way to ex-plore the city axis in the context of the continuous expansion of urban space.

  2. Effect of Yi-nao-jie-yu decoction on γ-aminobutyric acid type A receptor in the hippocampus and serum inflammatory factors in a rat model of poststroke anxiety

    Zhang W


    Full Text Available Wen Zhang,1 Ruizhen Zhao,1 Xiaoli Li,1 Xia Cui,1 Zijun Zhao,1 Yingqiu Mao,2 Fengzhi Wu,3 Qisheng Tang1 1Department of Encephalopathy, The Third Affiliated Hospital, 2Center of Scientific Research, 3Center of Journals, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Chaoyang District, Beijing, People’s Republic of China Background: The Yi-nao-jie-yu decoction (YNJYD is a herbal preparation widely used in the clinics of traditional Chinese medicine and has been recently used as an important new therapeutic agent in poststroke anxiety (PSA. The neuroendocrine–immune system plays an important role in PSA mechanisms, although the modulating effects of YNJYD remain unknown. This study investigated the potential effects of YNJYD on the neuroendocrine–immune system in a rat model of PSA.Materials and methods: The PSA model was induced by injecting collagenase (type VII into the right globus pallidus, accompanied by empty water bottle stimulation for 2 weeks. The sham group and the PSA model group were gavaged with saline, while the treatment groups received buspirone (BuSpar or YNJYD. Behavior was evaluated with the open field test and elevated plus maze once a week. Pathological changes were observed by hematoxylin and eosin staining. Serum levels of tumor necrosis factor, interleukin (IL-6, adrenocorticotropic hormone, thyroid stimulating hormone, free triiodothyronine, free thyroxine, IL-1α, and cortisol were detected by radioimmunoassay. Expression of the γ-aminobutyric acid type A receptor (GABAAR α2 subunit was examined by Western blot and real-time polymerase chain reaction.Results: YNJYD-treated rats exhibited significantly better recovery than BuSpar-treated rats at 21 days and 28 days in the open field test and elevated plus maze. Hematoxylin and eosin staining revealed neural repair in the hippocampus in the treatment groups. Serum levels of IL-1α in the YNJYD group were significantly less than those in the model group and the Bu

  3. Effect mechanism of self-esteem and negative automatic thoughts on Yi and Han college students' loneliness%彝汉族大学生自尊负性自动思维对孤独感的作用机制

    赵科; 尹绍清; 赖怡


    目的 探讨彝族与汉族大学生自尊、负性自动思维对孤独感的作用机制,为大学生心理健康教育提供理论及实践参考.方法 采用自尊量表(SES)、自动思维问卷(ATQ)及UCLA孤独量表,对有目的随机抽取的云南省293名彝族大学生和269名汉族大学生进行测查.结果 彝族、汉族大学生自尊及负性自动思维与孤独感显著相关(P值均<0.01),自尊与负性自动思维显著相关(P值均<0.01).彝族、汉族大学生的负性自动思维对孤独感具有直接影响作用.彝族大学生的自尊对孤独感的直接效应不显著,通过负性自动思维间接影响孤独感;汉族大学生的自尊可直接对其孤独感产生影响,也可通过负性自动思维对其孤独感产生影响.结论 彝族大学生负性自动思维在自尊与孤独感之间起完全中介作用,汉族大学生负性自动思维在自尊与孤独感之间起部分中介作用.%Objective To analyze the relationships between Yi and Han college students' self-esteem, negative automatic thoughts and loneliness. Methods By using Self-Esteem Scale(SES) , Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire(ATQ) and UCLA Loneliness Scale, 293 Yi and 269 Han college students were investigated. Results Yi and Han college students' self-esteem and negative automatic thoughts was significantly correlated with loneliness(P<0.01),while significant correlations were obtained between negative automatic thoughts and loneliness(P <0.01) ;Yi and Han college students' negative automatic thoughts influenced loneliness directly, self-esteem influenced in loneliness by negative automatic thoughts. Conclusion Yi college students' negative automatic thoughts play a completely mediating role in the relation between self-esteem and loneliness. And Han college students' negative automatic thoughts play a partial mediating role in the relation between self-esteem and loneliness.

  4. 凉山彝族地区不完全川崎病临床调查分析%Clinical investigation of incomplete Kawasaki disease in Yi nationality of Liangshan

    石艳; 戴莉; 杨尧; 杨玉湘; 张海; 周静; 黄婷婷


    Objective To investigate the incidence, age structure, clinical features, complications and treatment conditions of incomplete Kawasaki disease in Liangshan Yi area in the past 9 years.Methods In this study, retrospective analysis and follow-up study were conducted on 83 confirmed cases of incomplete Kawasaki disease from hospitals in 17 counties of the prefecture, and the comparison was made with the complete Kawasaki disease.Results There were 83 confirmed cases of incomplete Kawasaki disease out of 307 cases of Kawasaki disease, with the proportion of incomplete Kawasaki disease.There were no significant differences in gender and age between incomplete Kawasaki disease and complete Kawasaki disease (P>0.05).The most common clinical manifestation was fever, followed by the changes of oral mucosa, and lymphadenectasis was very rare.There were significant differences in the symptoms, except fever, between incomplete Kawasaki disease and complete Kawasaki disease (P<0.05 ).Coronary artery lesions occurred in 37 cases,accounting for 44.58 percent of incomplete Kawasaki disease cases, indicating no significant difference from those of complete Kawasaki disease ( P>0.05 ).However, there was significant difference in incidence of moderate to severe coronary artery lesions between the complete and incomplete Kawasaki disease groups ( P<0.01 ).In the second week of the course of incomplete Kawasaki disease, platelets count significantly increased, while the white blood cells count decreased considerably, which were consistent with the symptoms of complete Kawasaki disease.Serum CRP concentration in incomplete Kawasaki disease group was 37.86±48.89mg/L, which was significantly lower than that in the complete Kawasaki disease group (P<0.05).R-Globulin sensitivity of incomplete Kawasaki disease was high, which was significantly different from that of complete Kawasaki disease(P<0.01).Conclusion The incidence rate of incomplete Kawasaki disease in Liangshan Yi

  5. 朱熹《仪礼经传通解》对《礼记》经、传的界定%Distinction of the Jing and Zhuan of Li Ji in Zhu Xi’s General Commentary of Jing and Zhuan of Yi Li



    In the title “General Commentary of Jing and Zhuan of Yi Li” “Jing” refers to Yi Li and“Zhuan” refers to the classical texts Li Ji Zhou Li etc.On this premise Zhu Xi attaches the texts in Li Ji such as Guan Yi to the texts in Yi Li such as Guan Li.But much of Yi Li was lost with most of the remaining parts being Shi Li it is not often the case that the two books can be joined neatly while Zhu Xi’s blueprint of the book of Li covers not only Shi Li but also the rituals in family Xiang Xue country and kingdom.The lacking of texts in Yi Li forces Zhu Xi to seek in other texts among which Li Ji is used and split most.How does Zhu Xi place Li Ji in his General Commentary? What is the criteria to distinct Jing and Zhuan of Li Ji? While current researches focuses on how Zhu Xi treats Yi Li how Zhu Xi treats Li Ji in his General Commentary is also crucial.In this article we compares the texts from Li Jiin the General Commentary with the original texts and finds out that Zhu Xi ignoring Li Ji being a classic did heavy rearrangement to Li Ji and in view of practical Li Xue basing on the classics created theoretical basis of a new system of rituals.%《仪礼经传通解》中,“经”指的是《仪礼》,“传”指的是《礼记》《周礼》等其他经书。在此前提下,朱熹将《仪礼》的〈冠礼〉等篇,分别以《礼记》的〈冠义〉各篇作为主从关系配附。但《仪礼》佚失颇多,所存多为士礼,能将二礼整整齐齐相配合的情况有限。然朱熹心目中的礼书蓝图,不仅仅着眼于士礼,而是涵盖家、乡、学、邦国、王朝各个层面的礼仪。《仪礼》经文的不敷使用,迫使朱熹不得不转向寻求其他各经的内容以弥补《仪礼》经文的不足。其中,以《礼记》使用最多、拆分最散。朱熹在《通解》中如何定位《礼记》一经?界定《礼记》经、传的标准是什么?当研究焦点都放在朱熹如何整理《仪

  6. 益气涤痰化瘀方对哮喘小鼠气道炎症及Th1/Th2平衡的影响%Effects of YiQi DiTan HuaYu Formula on Th1/Th2 Balance and Airway Inflammation of Mice with Asthma

    赵文娟; 袁嘉丽; 陈静; 邢海晶; 韩妮萍


    目的:探讨益气涤痰化瘀方对哮喘小鼠气道炎症及Th1/Th2平衡的调节作用。方法:将SPF级BALB/c雌性小鼠50只随机分为正常对照组、哮喘模型组,益气涤痰化瘀方低、中、高剂量组。采用卵清白蛋白(OVA)腹腔注射及雾化激发法构建哮喘模型,益气涤痰化瘀方干预治疗。观察各组小鼠行为学改变;制作肺组织病理切片行镜下观察;收集肺泡灌洗液(BALF)进行白细胞总数及分类计数;取小鼠血清以ELISA法检测IFN-γ、IL-4的变化。结果:1)与哮喘模型组比较,药物干预组哮喘症状有所减轻,肺组织炎性细胞浸润减轻;2)益气涤痰化瘀方中剂量组小鼠BALF中白细胞总数和嗜酸性粒细胞(EOS)、中性粒细胞(NEU)、淋巴细胞(LYM)分类计数较哮喘模型组减少(P<0.05);3)与哮喘模型组比较,益气涤痰化瘀方高、中剂量组小鼠血清IFN-γ浓度升高(P<0.05),IL-4浓度降低(P<0.05)。结论:益气涤痰化瘀方可对免疫细胞Th2优势所致的免疫失衡状态进行调节,恢复Th1/Th2平衡;益气涤痰化瘀方可能通过调节机体平衡而减轻哮喘急性气道炎性病变,从而起到防治哮喘的作用。%Objective:To observe the adjustment of YiQi DiTan HuaYu formula to Th1/Th2 balance and air-way inflammation of mice with asthma. Methods:Fifty SPF BALB/c female mice were randomized into normal con-trol group, asthma model group, high, moderate and low dosages groups of YiQi DiTan HuaYu formula. The mice models were established through peritoneal injection of ovalbumin (OVA) and atomization-excited method, and they were intervened by YiQi DiTan HuaYu formula. To observe behavioral changes of the mice in different groups;to prepare pathological section of the lung and observe the section under the microscope; to count total white blood cells and classifications after collecting broncho-alveolar lavage fluid (BALF);to draw the serum from the mice and to

  7. Genetic Polymorphism of Mitochondrial DNA in Dong, Gelao,Tujia, and Yi Ethnic Populations from Guizhou, China%贵州侗族、仡佬族、土家族和彝族人群线粒体DNA多态性研究

    李彬彬; 钟复光; 易红生; 王先然; 李良芳; 王丽兰; 齐晓岚; 吴立甫


    从母系遗传的角度揭示世居贵州的侗族、仡佬族、土家族和彝族人群的的遗传结构和遗传分化关系,并对各民族的族源和迁徙进行初步的探讨.采用高变区序列分析与编码区PCR-RFLP分析相结合的方法对4个群体108例样本进行mtDNA多态性分析,共鉴定了37种(亚)单倍群,单倍群分布频率及主成分分析显示:侗族含有高比例的南方优势单倍群,表现出典型的南方群体特征;彝族兼有高比例的南北方优势单倍群,提示它同时具有南北方群体的一些母系遗传特征;彝族和仡佬族聚在一起,可能是由于历史上两个民族的先民曾发生过广泛的基因交流.%To reveal the genetic structures and relationships of the four ethnic populations from the maternal inheritance and explore the origins and migrations of nationalities, the genetic polymorphism of mtDNA in Dong, Gelao, Tujia, and Yi populations from Guizhou was studied by direct sequencing of hypervariable segmentⅠ (HVSⅠ) and PCR-RFLP of coding region. Thirty-seven (sub-) haplogroups were identified in the classification tree of mtDNA haplogroups. Haplogroup distributions and principal component (PC) analysis showed that the Dong has high frequencies of south-prevalent haplogroups, which indicates that it is a typically southern population. The Yi harbors high frequencies of the south-prevalent and northern-prevalent haplogroups, which demonstrates that it inherits the maternal characteristics from both southern and northern populations. The Yi and Gelao cluster together,the reason for which might be that their ancestries frequently underwent gene exchanges and mixtures.

  8. The Experimental Study of 16 Weeks of Fitness Qigong·Yi Jinjing on Physical and Mental Health of College Students%16周健身气功·易筋经锻炼对大学生身心健康的实验研究



    探讨健身气功·易筋经锻炼对大学生身心健康的影响,为高校更好的开展身心健康活动提供一些参考。研究方法:选取浙江农林大学在校大学生60人为研究对象进行健身气功·易筋经锻炼并采用自测健康评定量表(SRHMS)对实验前后的大学生身心健康水平进行调查与分析。研究结果:在SRHMS测试中发现经过16周锻炼后大学生的正向情绪、身体症状与负向情绪等维度得分较锻炼前具有非常显著性差异(P<0.01),在健康子量表总分上,心理健康子量表总分较锻炼前具有非常显著性差异(P<0.01)。健身气功·易筋经能很好地改善大学生的身心健康,缓解学生学习压力,提高生活质量。%To investigate the effect of fitness Qigong·Yi Jinjing on physical and mental health of college students, and provide some reference for the better development of physical and mental health activities. The 60 subjects of students from Zhejiang agriculture and forestry university were selected to exercise fitness Qigong·Yi Jinjing, and to carry out investigation and analysis of the physical and mental health standard of college students before and after the experiment by (SRHMS). The SRHMS test found that students' positive emotion,body symptom and negative scores to emotional dimensions are very significant difference (P<0.01)than that before exercise after 16 weeks of training. The mental health subscale have a very significant difference (P<0.01) than before exercise,. In the health subscale, Fitness Qigong·Yi Jinjing exercise can improve the physical and mental health of college students, ease the students' learning pressure, improve the quality of life.

  9. 补中益气汤加减联合司来吉兰治疗帕金森病伴功能性便秘的疗效观察%Clinical Observation on Bu-zhong Yi-qi Decoction Combined with Selegiline for Parkinson's Constipation

    毕树立; 刘斌; 高海英


    目的:探讨补中益气汤加减联合司来吉兰治疗帕金森病伴功能性便秘的临床疗效及安全性。方法:选择本病患者124例,根据治疗方式不同分成治疗组和对照组,两组均常规应用复方多巴和司来吉兰治疗帕金森病,治疗组在此基础上加用补中益气汤加减治疗便秘,对照组给予酚酞片,对比分析两组患者治疗的临床疗效和不良反应。结果:治疗组的总有效率86.4%,明显高于对照组70.7%,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。治疗组总不良反应发生率6.1%,明显小于对照组32.8%,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01)。结论:补中益气汤加减联合司来吉兰治疗帕金森病伴功能性便秘有较好的临床疗效。%Objective: To study the clinical curative effect and safety for the Bu-zhong Yi-qi decoction combined with selegiline on Parkinson's constipation. Methods: The 124 cases of Parkinson constipation patients were selected; According to different treatment, the patients were divided into treatment and control groups. Besides compound dopamine and selegiline to treat Parkinson's disease in two groups; patients were treated with Bu -zhong Yi -qi decoction in treatment group, and phenolphthalein pills in control group. The clinical efficacy and adverse reactions were compared in two groups. Results: The total effective rate was 86.4% in treatment group, which was obviously higher than the control group with 70.7% , with statistically significant difference (P<0.05). The total incidence of adverse reaction was 6.1% in treatment group, which was lower than the control group with 32.8% , with statistically significant difference (P <0.01). Conclusion:Bu -zhong Yi -qi decoction combined with selegiline can provide good clinical curative effect on Parkinson's constipation.

  10. On Bian Que and the culture of witch doctor of Eastern Yi Ethnic Group as viewed from the Picture of Bian Que's Needling in the stone-carved figure of Han Dynasty%从汉画像石“扁鹊针刺图”谈扁鹊与东夷巫医文化

    杨金萍; 王振国; 卢星


    The culture of witch doctor of the Eastern Ethnic Yi Group exerted profound influence on early acupuncture art and medicine.There is a score of Bian Que' s Needling Picture in the stone-carved figure unearthed in Shandong Province,demonstrating the origin of acupuncture in the region of Eastern Yi Ethnic Group.Bian Que,with the identity of witch doctor,and "doctor stone needling witch" with the legend of a professional acupuncturing indicates the important influenee of witch doctor on the origin of acupuncture art.The archeological discovery of tortoise shell,divination carved on bones,and conical needles all buried together in the Da-wen-kou culture indicates that the earliest therapy witch doctor applied was related to needling.As a representative of the Eastern Yi Ethnic Group,Bian Que,"the Father of Medical Prescription" was the embryonic form of early acupuncture art,promoted the formation and development of early medical theory,the theory of pulse feeling,being the important part of the early stage of origin of needling-pulse feeling theory.%东夷巫医文化对针砭之术的发源及早期医学有着重要影响.山东出土的10余幅扁鹊针刺汉画像石,揭示了东夷地区针砭之术的起源;有着巫医身份的扁鹊及有着针刺职业传承的“鋮巫氏”,说明巫医对针刺的发源有着重要影响;大汶口文化考古发现龟甲卜骨与针锥同葬,说明了巫医最早行施的医术与针刺有关;“扁鹊言医,为方者宗”,以扁鹊为代表的东夷巫医文化,孕育了医学最早的针刺技术,促进了医学早期理论——脉学理论的形成发展,使针刺脉学成为医学发源时期的重要内容.

  11. 民族地区妇女参与产业扶贫的问题分析和政策建议——以凉山彝族自治州美姑县为例%Analysis and Policy Recommendations about the Participation of Minority Women in Industrialization Poverty Alleviation——Cases of Meigu County in Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture

    叶宏; 马海五达; 木乃铁哈


    在民族地区开展产业扶贫,将对广大民族地区的可持续发展具有决定性的意义。以凉山彝族自治州为例,近年来,随着农村男性劳动力的不断输出,彝族妇女越来越在当地的产业扶贫发展中扮演着举足轻重的角色。美姑县彝族妇女在参与产业扶贫发展中,却存在着基础教育水平低,生产技能低下,受地方传统家庭分工影响,自主性不强等问题。这可以说是广大民族地区妇女参与产业扶贫的缩影。政府在民族地区开展产业扶贫项目时,要开发更多适合妇女的项目,通过增加少数民族妇女的受教育机会,开展民族语言培训、培养带头人、成立互助组等方式,突出她们在产业扶贫中的主体性。%Developing Industrialization poverty alleviation in minority regions has a decisive significance for the sustainable development in these places.For example,in recent years,along with the rural male labor forces continue to output in Liangshan Yi autonomous prefecture,Yi women are playing an increasingly important role in the local Industrialization poverty alleviation development.However,when Yi women of Meigu county participate in industrial development,they face such problems as their low education and poor production skill,their autonomy is not strong enough which is affected by the traditional domestic division of labor,etc.It can be seen as the microcosm of women's participation in Industrialization poverty alleviation in majority of poor minority areas.As a result,when governments develop the Industrialization poverty alleviation projects in minority regions,more projects fitting for women should be considered.The minority women's main place in Industrialization poverty alleviation will be highlighted by increasing their educational opportunities,carrying out the skill training in minority language,training female leaders,and establishing the mutual aid groups,etc.

  12. The Middle Tang Dynasty Initial Consonants Based on Zhang Yi and Ding Gongzhu's Phonetic Notations in Sound and Meaning of Mencius%从《孟子音义》中张镒、丁公著音切看中唐声母



    《孟子音义》中张镒与丁公著的音切材料共有277条,音韵地位与《广韵》不同的有58条,而其中涉及声母差异的有33条,通过对这些材料进行研究,可以看出中唐时期的声母所反映的时音与方音面貌.%In Sound and Meaning of Mencius, Zhang Yi and Ding Gongzhu listed altogether 277 phonetic notations, 58 of which are different in phonological importance from Guang Yun, and 33 of which involve initial constant differences. The study of these materials reveals a picture of the current pronunciation and dialectical pronunciations of the Middle Tang Dynasty initial constants.

  13. “经论传缁侣,文章遍墨卿”——论灵一诗僧在唐代诗禅文学史上的禅地位及创作%Discussion on the Creation and Meditative Position of Ling Yi,the Poetic Monk,in the Literature History about Poetic Meditation in Tang Dynasty



    The thesis deals with the poetry creation of Ling Yi,a poetic monk in the middle of Tang Dynasty,and the relationship between him and his friends,including meditative mates.Thus,the author attempts to discover his unique position of reviving parties and dearing source and course in history,and his artistic style of solitary charm and exquisite taste.%诗僧灵一是一名天才的诗僧,其方外诗友广泛,他十分重视诗歌创作,在中晚唐诗禅文学史上具有振派澄源的历史地位和孤韵幽逸的诗歌风格。

  14. 救脑益智方剂水提液对人神经母细胞瘤株SH-SY5Y细胞的保护作用%Protective effect of the traditional Chinese medicine prescription, Jiu Nao Yi Zhi water extract, on human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cell line

    张景燕; 张静爽; 曹子青; 赵志炜; 张旭; 吴燕川; 王玉兰; 王蓉


    Objective To observe the protective effect of the traditional Chinese medicine prescription, Jiu Nao Yi Zhi water extract, on human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cell line, its effect on expression of insulin signal transduction pathway, and to explore the related mechanisms.Methods SH-SY5Y cells cultured in vitro, were divided into control group, Jiu Nao Yi Zhi No.1 prescription group and No.3 prescription group.The doses were 0.0625 mg/mL, 0.125 mg/mL, 0.25 mg/mL, 0.5 mg/mL and 1 mg/mL.The thiazolyl blue ( MTT) metabolic rate of each group was determined.The dose of 0.125 mg/mL was chosen for cell immunofluorescence analysis, and to observe the expression of insulin receptor substrates-1 ( IRS-1 ) , cAMP response element binding protein ( CREB ) , and the factors of insulin signal transduction pathway.Results Compared with the control group, MTT metabolic rates of the Jiu Nao Yi Zhi groups were significantly increased (P<0.05), and the cell morphology was much better in those groups, cell body more plump, well-adherent and neurite extensions were observed.The expressions of IRS-1 and CREB were higher than that in the control group.Conclusions The traditional Chinese medicine prescription Jiu Nao Yi Zhi water extract can protect neurons by promoting nerve cell growth, and improving the expression of IRS-1 and CREB, the factors of insulin signal transduction pathway.%目的:通过观察复方中药救脑益智方剂水提液对人神经母细胞瘤株SH-SY5Y细胞生长以及胰岛素信号通路的影响,探讨其对神经细胞保护作用的机制。方法体外培养SH-SY5Y细胞,分为对照组( C组)、救脑益智1号方组和3号方组,每组药物剂量分别为0.0625 mg/mL、0.125 mg/mL、0.25 mg/mL、0.5 mg/mL和1 mg/mL,测定各组细胞的噻唑蓝( MTT)代谢率,选定0.125 mg/mL进行细胞免疫荧光染色,观察细胞形态和胰岛素受体底物-1(IRS-1)、cAMP反应元件结合蛋白(CREB)表

  15. 浅析越南汉文历史小说《皇黎一统志》中蕴含的礼仪制度和文化%Analysis About the Etiquette System and Culture Contained in the Vietnamese Historical Novel"Huangli YiTong Zhi"Wrote in Chinese



      Huangli YiTong Zhi not only as the most representative of the highest literary achievements work in Vietnamese history, but also as an important literature material which recorded the etiquette system and culture in ancient China. It has high value for study the relationship between ancient Chinese culture and Vietnamese culture.%  《皇黎一统志》作为越南汉文小说中最具代表性且文学成就最高的作品,也是记载中国古代的礼仪制度和文化在越南的传承和发展的重要文献资料,对研究古代越南与中国文化上的关联有较高价值。

  16. Significance of Minority Traditional Classics for Modern Education:Yi Traditional Educational Classic Mamuteyi Analysis%少数民族传统典籍的现代教育意义--彝族传统教育经典《马牧特依》浅析



    《玛牧特依》是彝族教育史上极具价值的一部传统教育经典,是一部至今还“活”着的传统典籍,它对彝族地区的教育仍然具有极其重要的意义和作用。本文对《玛牧特依》的由来、版本、性质、内容、特征、及其实践应用进行了探讨。%In history of education of Yi nationality, Mamuteyi is a valuable classic. Today, it still has value and meaning. In this paper, its origin, version, nature, content, features, and its practical application of education are analyzed.

  17. 民族区域自治制度的法律保障及其实施效果评价*--以云南省楚雄彝族自治州为例%Evaluation on the Legal Guarantee and Implementation Effect of the System of Regional National Autonomy- A Case Study of Chuxiong Yi Nationality Autonomous Prefecture



    民族区域自治制度和《中华人民共和国民族区域自治法》的实施,是我国民族政策和民族工作规范化、法制化的鲜明标志。今年是《云南省楚雄彝族自治州自治条例》颁布实施30周年。以云南省楚雄彝族自治州为例,在全面依法治国背景下,组织人员对民族区域自治制度在民族自治地方的贯彻落实情况进行了实证调查,在此基础上提出加强和改进民族区域自治地方法制建设的对策建议。%The system of the regional national autonomy and the implementation of Law of the People’s Repub-lic of China on Regional National Autonomy mark the progress of standardization and legalization of the ethnic poli-cy and the national work of China. To mark the 30th anniversary of the promulgation of Regulations on Autonomy of Chuxiong Yi Nationality Autonomous Prefecture,Yunnan Province,a survey is conducted on the status of imple-mentation of the autonomy system in areas inhabited by the minority ethnic groups in Chuxiong Yi Nationality Au-tonomous Prefecture under the background of overall practice of rule of law. Based on the survey,suggestions are made regarding reinforcement and improvement of legal construction in areas under regional national autonomy.

  18. 越南彝族传统丧葬仪式的文化象征意义和社会文化功能%Research the Cultural Symbol and Social Function of Yi People's Traditional Funeral Ceremony Culture in Vietnam



    文章以作者实地考察并纵观越南彝族“倮倮人”传统丧葬的续气装殓设灵堂、开丧祭奠、出殡下葬等仪式文化和特点,认为越南彝族传统丧葬仪式不仅反映出祖先崇拜理念为核心的文化象征意义,同时还具有生者情感安慰与精神寄托、生者争荣显贵、重构家族关系、整合村寨资源、稳固姻亲关系与增强族群认同,以及教化后代子孙等的社会文化功能。%In this article through the field survey, the author describes the Vietnam yi people “Luo Luo”renew traditional funeral customs such Die, departures, set up, funerals, festivals,the funeral and burial procedure and feature.The authors believe that Vietnam yi people's traditional funeral ceremony not only reflects the concept of ancestor worship as the core of cultural symbolism, at the same time also has the emotional comfort and spiritual living, the living, for honor dignitaries, refactoring family relations, integrate village resources, strong affinity to enhance ethnic identity, as well as social and cultural functions such as enlightenment descendants.

  19. Impact of TV on the Social Mobility of Yi Villages Based on Ethnographic Research of Bulimo Village%电视对彝族村落社会流动的影响--基于布里莫村的民族志调研



    运用参与观察、问卷调查、个人访谈、焦点组访谈等研究方法,对彝族村落的媒介消费状况,电视对村民社会流动的影响等问题进行调研。研究发现,彝族村落的媒介消费呈现出“非立体化”和“单一化”的态势;电视对其社会流动产生了重要影响,但这种影响是“隐性”的,具体表现为:在水平流动中,对村民由农村流向城市具有诱惑作用;在垂直流动和代际流动中,对村民上升流动的决策形成产生了潜移默化的影响。%The paper studies the media consumption of Yi villages and the impact of TV on the villagers’ social mobility by the research methods of participant observation, questionnaire, personal interview and focus-group interview.The study finds that media consumption of Yi villages is in a“non-dimensional” and simplistic state, and the great impact of TV on its social mobility is implic-it.It presents that there is the temptation effect on villagers’ movement from countryside to city in horizontal mobility and the subtle impact on villagers’ tendency to the higher social status in vertical mobility and intergenerational mobility.

  20. On the Different Aesthetic Psychologies of Yi and Dai Ethnic Group from the Perspective of Characterization in Folk Long Poems%从民间长诗中的人物塑造看彝族、傣族不同的审美心理



    〔Abstract〕Yi and Dai ethnic groups, two different ethnic groups inhabiting in southwest of China, have different aesthetic psychologies because of different living environment. Starting with the representative characterization in folk long poems, this paper compares the literature of Yi and Dai ethnic group from the perspective of aesthetic psychology for an in-depth understanding of the content and form ethnic literature and a better demonstration of unique literature styles of two ethnic groups. The analysis can help deepen the exploration of the aesthetic connotation and value of literature diversification, which can promote the integration of ethnic literature and culture.%彝族和傣族是生活在西南地区的两个不同民族,由于生存环境的不同,形成了不同的审美心理。从最具代表性的民间长诗中的人物塑造入手,将彝族、傣族文学从审美心理的角度进行比较,目的是更深层次地挖掘民族文学内容和形式上的特殊魅力,更好地展示两族文学特有的风采。从而更深层次地探讨文学多元化的审美内涵及审美价值,促进民族文学及文化的交汇融合。

  1. Clinical evaluation of YiZhen functional dentifrice on the effects of dental plaque control, reduction of gingivitis and dental calculus%医真功效牙膏对抑制牙菌斑、减轻牙龈炎症及减少牙结石形成的效果分析∗

    房付春; 徐稳安; 屈茜; 杨雅洁; 陈晓丹; 陈秋月; 吴补领


    目的:从抑制牙菌斑、减轻牙龈炎症及减少牙结石形成3个方面,探讨含中草药成份的医真功效牙膏的效果。方法120例牙龈炎患者,随机均分为2组,基线检查后试验组使用“医真”功效牙膏刷牙,对照组使用不含功效成份的牙膏刷牙,1周后记录菌斑指数,3个月、6个月后记录龈沟出血指数和牙石指数。结果1周后2组牙菌斑指数均有明显下降(P<0.05),组间比较差异无统计学意义(P=0.790);3个月时试验组(P=0.040)和对照组龈沟出血指数均显著下降(P<0.001),组间比较差异有统计学意义(P=0.008);6个月时,试验组牙石指数明显低于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P=0.034)。结论医真功效牙膏能够抑制牙菌斑、减轻牙龈炎症及减少牙结石形成,其中所含的中草药成份具有减轻牙龈炎症及减少牙结石形成的功效。%Objective To evaluate clinical effects of YiZhen functional dentifrice on the dental plaque control, reduc-tion of gingivitis and dental calculus. Methods One hundred and twenty patients with gingivitis were randomly allocated into two groups: experimental group and control group. The patients in experimental group were assigned to YiZhen func-tional dentifrice containing Chinese herbs. Meanwhile, patients in control group were assigned to functional dentifrice without Chinese herbs. Both groups received dental prophylaxis at the baseline. The plaque index was recorded in one week. The gingival and calculus indices were recorded in three and six months. Results The plaque index of both groups decreased significantly ( P<0. 05) , but no significant difference was found between two groups ( P=0. 790) . The gingival index of experimental group ( P=0. 040) and control group ( P<0. 001) decreased significantly, and significant differences were found between two groups in 3 and 6 months ( P=0. 008 and 0. 029 respectively) . In 6 months, the cal-culus index of experimental group was

  2. 宜宾地区18岁及以上常住人口失眠情况调查%An epidemiological study on insomnia in permanent residents over the age of 18 years old in YiBin City

    张荣珍; 汪卫东; 王志青; 刘冬梅; 杨永和; 向道华; 廖华; 王世禹; 冯翼; 李桂霞


    目的:了解宜宾地区成年人失眠症的患病率及其危险因素。方法采用多阶段分层整群抽样方法抽取宜宾地区年龄≥18岁居民12000人,用自制量表进行失眠情况调查,通过Logistic回归分析筛选失眠症的危险因素。结果11227人完成调查,符合《国际疾病与相关健康问题统计分类》失眠症诊断标准的有1671人(14.9%,95%CI:14.2%~15.5%),其中仅有9.4%(157例)的失眠症患者进行过相应求助。多因素Logistic回归分析显示,自感生命质量低(OR=2.42,P<0.01)、无工作(OR=1.87,P<0.01)、年龄≥60岁(OR=1.69,P<0.01)、受教育年限少(OR=1.41,P<0.01)、女性(OR=1.41,P<0.01)、家庭人均年收入低(OR=1.15,P=0.01)是失眠症的独立危险因素。结论在国内,宜宾地区居民失眠症患病率较高,应对高危人群的睡眠情况给予关注,采取相应措施以提高失眠症患者的求助比例。%Objective To describe the prevalence and risk factors of insomnia among adults in YiBin City. Meth⁃ods Using multi-stage stratified cluster sampling, 12000 subjects over 18 years old were identified in YiBin City. The subjects were screened using the insomnia survey self-edited and risk factors of insomnia were identified through logistic analysis. Results A total of 11227 subjects completed the survey in which 1671 people (14.9%, 95%CI:14.2%~15.5%) were diagnosed insomnia using ICD-10. Among them, 9.4% (157 patients) had seeked for professional help. The multi⁃variate logistic analysis showed that low level of life quality(OR=2.42,P<0.01), jobless(OR=1.87,P<0.01), over 60 years old(OR=1.69,P<0.01), fewer years of education(OR=1.41,P<0.01), female(OR=1.41,P<0.01)and lower annu⁃al per capita income(OR=1.15,P=0.01)were risk factors in insomnia people. Conclusion The incidence of insomnia is high in YiBin city. Sleep quality in high-risk group needs more attention and corresponding measures should

  3. Clinical Observation of Self-made Yi Qi Huoxue Qingshen Decoction on Treatment of Diabetic Dyslipidemia%益气活血轻身汤治疗2型糖尿病脂代谢紊乱临床观察



    目的:观察益气活血轻身汤对2型糖尿病脂代谢紊乱患者中医临床疗效及体重、BMI 、空腹血糖、餐后2小时血糖、HbA1c 及血脂指标的影响.方法:将60 例患者随机分为治疗组与对照组,均予糖尿病饮食、运动及西药降血糖治疗,对照组加服辛伐他汀,治疗组加服益气活血轻身汤;两组疗程均为60d.比较两组中医临床疗效及体重、BMI 、空腹血糖、餐后2小时血糖、HbA1c 及血脂指标的变化.结果:治疗组总有效率高于对照组(P<0.05),其空腹血糖、餐后2小时血糖、HbA1c 及血脂指标改善亦优于对照组(P<0.01).结论:益气活血轻身汤能明显改善2型糖尿病脂代谢紊乱患者中医临床症状及体重、BMI 、空腹血糖、餐后2小时血糖、HbA1c 及血脂代谢.%Objective: To study the therapeutic effect of Yi Qi Huoxue Qingshen decoction to Diabetes with dyslipidemia ,and its effect to weight,BMI(Body Mass Index),FBG(Fasting plasma glucose),P2HBG(Postprandial 2 hour glucose), HbAlc and blood fat. Methods:60 patients diagnosed of Diabetes with dyslipidemia were randomly divided into controlgroup and treatmentgroup (30 patients each). On the basis of conventional therapy in Westernmedicine, in eluding Diabetes Exercise and diet Therapy,Anti-diabetic drugs,use simvastatin on the concrogroup,while the patients in treatmentgroup had the added self-made Yi Qi Huoxue Qingshen decoction -1 devided into 2 times each day for everyone and for 60d. All the patients in two groupswere treated one course of treatment (60d), and the therapeutic effect before and after treatment and related detection indicator in biochemistrywere compared,as desbribed above.Results:The totaleffective rate in treatmentgroup is higher than that in controlgroup (P<0.05); and FBG,P2HBG, HbAlc and blood fat improve also better than the control group (P<0. 01). Conclusion:Yi Qi Huoxue Qingshen decoction can significantly improve the type 2 diabetic lipid

  4. The Value System Reflected by the Construction of the Dunhuang Caves at the Beginning of the Gui-yi-jun Regime Ruled by the Cao Family%曹氏归义军初期敦煌洞窟营建中折射出的价值观--以莫高窟第98窟为例



    Mogao Cave 98 is the most representative large cave of the Gui-yi-jun Army ruled by the Cao family. This cave exhibits strong realistic meaning such as the large number of donors, extensive connotations, vivid and large figures, and detailed titles. By contrast, the images of Buddhas and bodhisattvas are relatively smaller in size, highlighting their humanity rather than divinity. All these phenomena are the true reflection of the donors’ political ideals and life philosophy. Judging from the three levels of “ straightforward making a vow,”“vividly depicting a vow,” and “piously fulfilling a vow,” the caves at the beginning of the Gui-yi-jun Army ruled by the Cao family was constructed to fully indicate the donors’ political ambitions, ruling ideas, po-litical strategies, governing approaches, and the strategy of managing a country.%莫高窟第98窟是曹氏归义军时期极具代表性和典型性的一所大窟,该窟表现出的现实意味尤为强烈,如供养人像数量众多、涵盖广泛、人物鲜活、身量高大、详列职衔,与之相比窟中诸佛、菩萨造像偏小,神性消退而人性崛起等,所有这些现象都是窟主政治理想和人生哲学的真实反映。从发愿、示愿和现愿三个层次看,曹氏归义军初期洞窟的营建有一个很重要的功能就是要向政权内外充分展示自己的政治抱负、执政理念、外交方略、治理路径和安邦之策,发愿直白,示愿形象,现愿笃行。

  5. The Effect of the Granule of Jiang YaYiShen in Essential Hypertension Patients with Kidney Injured in Early Stage Was Evaluated by Color Doppler Ultrasonography%降压益肾颗粒治疗高血压病早期肾损害及对肾血流的影响

    严冬; 方祝元; 钱玉良; 杨益虎; 陈剑; 符步清


    目的:通过肾动脉血流动力学变化评价降压益肾颗粒对高血压病早期肾损害的保护作用.方法:应用彩色多普勒超声检测高血压早期肾损害病人,观察超声肾血流参数并分析.结果:治疗后2组参数与治疗前比较,治疗组差异明显(P<0.05,P<0.01);治疗后2组间比较,治疗组RI降低较对照组改善明显,有统计学差异(P<0.05)、右肾Vd升高较对照组改善明显,有统计学差异(P<0.05).结论:降压益肾颗粒通过降低RI,提高肾血流速度,改善肾脏血流进行肾脏保护.%Objective; The protection effect of the granule of JiangYaYiShen in essential hypertension patients with kidneys injured in early stage was evaluated by the variety of blood flow in renal arterial. Method; Forty cases of hypertension with kidneys injured in early stage received color Doppler ultra-sonography to determine blood stream of IRA. The parameters in both groups were analyzed. Result; The parameters of treatment group were improved than those before treatment (P < 0. 05, P < 0. 01). After treatment, RI of the treatment group were lower than those of the control group (P < 0. 05 ). Vd of the treat group in right kidneys were higher than these of the control group ( P < 0. 05 ). Conclusion: The granule of JiangYaYiShen could protect kidney injured by hypertension in early stage, it could decrease the renal arterial vessel resistance and increase the renal blood flow and improve the renal vessel structure to protect kidneys of high blood pressure patients.

  6. The kindergarten outdoor game environment Settings——Take Yi 'ning City kindergarten for example%幼儿园户外游戏环境设置评价研究——以伊宁市幼儿园为例



    This study is focused on the kindergarten outdoor game environment Settings, refer to the ministry of education promulgated in 2010 "kindergarten construction standard" type demonstration kindergartens evaluation criteria and other provinces and cities, in Yi 'ning city kindergarten more site area, site quality, equipment structure, zoning, security, and other seven aspects, and make a comment.%本研究着重于幼儿园户外游戏环境的设置,参照2010年教育部颁布的《幼儿园建设标准》和其他省市的示范型幼儿园评估标准,考察伊宁市多所幼儿园在场地面积、场地质量、器械设备、区域划分、安全、结构安排以及其他7个方面的概况,并做出评析.

  7. A Noble Character and Poetry Quality---Doubled as the Preface to Selected Poem of Chen Yi the Six Languages Version%人品诗品双高洁--《陈毅诗选》联合国六种工作语言版序



    As an admirer and successor of Marshal Chen Yi, with his deep reverence and memory, the author analyzed the qualities and feelings displayed in the poems composed during Chen Yi’s revolutionary career, which were a sense of historical mission of being loyal to the Motherland, lofty sentiments of civilian supremacy, an exemplary conduct and noble character of being broad-minded toward others and strict self-discipline and a diplomatic philosophy of good neighborly friendship and mutual respect.%作为陈毅元帅的崇拜者与继任者,满怀崇敬与缅怀之情,结合陈毅元帅的革命生涯,探析了陈毅诗歌表现出的对祖国无限忠诚的历史使命感,人民至上的崇高情怀,宽以待人、严于律己的高风亮节以及国际间睦邻友好、相互尊重的外交理念。

  8. 腻友南风抱恨长——《聊斋志异》中同性恋现象意蕴探析%The Ouster Intimate with a Gnawing Regret Long ---Implication Analysis of the Phenomenon of Homosexuality in Liao Zhai Zhi Yi



    There are no less than 12 stories involving homosexuality in Liao Zhai Zhi Yi. The arising of these works is closely related to contemporary social sexual fashion and writer's creation mentality. By "Feng San Niang" and "Huang Jiu Lang" which separately describe the male and female homosexuality, Pu Songling sharply taunts and criticizes the masculine homosexuality which prevailed in temporal in detail and direct-striking style. While to the feminine homosexuality story he lodges deep intimate sentiments, the description of which is graceful, restrained, and implicit.%《聊斋志异》中涉及同性恋的作品达十二篇之多。这些作品的出现与当时社会的性爱风气、作家的创作心态密切相关。由《封三娘》和《黄九郎》两篇分别反映男女同性恋的代表性作品可见,蒲松龄对当时社会盛行的男性同性恋给予了辛辣的嘲讽批判,且细笔勾勒,直露显豁;对于女性同性恋故事则寄寓了深沉的知己情怀,叙事婉约而含蓄蕴藉。

  9. Community Participation Mechanism in Rural Tourism of Yi Ethnic Communities:a Case Study of Miyilu Ethnic Valley%社区参与乡村旅游机制研究——以咪依噜风情谷为例

    陈岚雪; 唐雪琼


    This paper studies the community participation status of Miyilu Ethnic Valley from aspects of community participation in rural tourism,making a depth analysis of the participants,and participation activities and participation models.Meanwhile,the paper proposes the guiding mechanism,decision-making mechanism,benefit-assuring mechanism and supervision and evaluation mechanism to form the community participation mechanism in rural tourism of Yi ethnic communities,and also provides the concrete measures.%从乡村旅游社区参与的角度出发,对社区参与主体、社区参与的内容和模式及楚雄州南华县的咪依噜风情谷社区参与现状进行了研究。提出了从引导机制、决策机制、利益保障机制以及监督评估机制等方面构建彝族社区乡村旅游社区参与机制以及具体实施措施。

  10. 从《弁而钗》、《宜春香质》看明清男风小说的另类美%A Research on Alternative Beauty Showed by Gay Fiction in Ming Qing Dynasties through Bian Er Chai and Yi Chun Xiang Zhi



      A lot of gay fiction appeared with the popular trend of homosexuality and the development of fiction in Ming Qing Dynasties . Taking Bian Er Chai and Yi Chun Xiang Zhi for example , this article discusses the alternative beauty showed by gay fiction in Ming Qing Dynasties ,which is in the theme of gay's love , by way of analyzing the internal of the text and comparing different texts in point of the expected value and narrative mode ,that is to say ,by means of analyzing unique narrative mode and the expected value showed by different texts ,this article is to show gentle nature and everlasting affection of gay fiction in Ming Qing Dynasties .%  明清时期,同性恋蔚然成风,笔记、小说十分发达,因而涌现了众多的男风小说。以《弁而钗》、《宜春香质》为例,通过细读文本、对比不同文本,从文本价值期待及叙事操作等角度,探讨明清时期以男子与男子之间的爱情为题材的男风小说中温文尔雅、情意绵绵的美学特质。

  11. 民族舞蹈在地方高校推广的意义——以楚雄师范学院推广彝族规范舞为例%Promoting Folk Dance in Local Colleges and Universities -- A Case Study of Yi Standard Dance Promotion in CNU



    民族舞蹈是民族风俗习惯和民族文化的体现。近几年,一些地方高校将民族文化融入该校的艺术专业中,在坚持素质教育的基础上,结合本土民族元素,开展了一系列推广民族舞的活动。我校也将民族舞蹈融人舞蹈专业的教学,这对推广民族文化有着积极的意义。%In recent years, some local colleges and universities put folk culture into art major teaching. Based on local minority characteristic, they are promoting folk dances to better quality education. Chuxiong Normal University offers Yi dance course in dance major, which is of significance to spread ethnic culture.

  12. On the Astonishing Beauty Style in the Novels by Wang Shizhen--Taking TanYi in ChiBeiOuTan as Example%论王士禛小说创作的奇异美--以《池北偶谈·谈异》为例



    清代文人王士禛一生创作了《池北偶谈》、《皇华记闻》、《香祖笔记》等七部笔记杂录,其中多有小说作品。《池北偶谈·谈异》代表了其小说创作的主要成就,是其小说创作的精华。王士禛小说创作具有鲜明的个人特色,在用词、内容等方面表现出崇奇尚异的审美取向,而这与其人生经历、心理体验以及当时的社会状况密切相关。%Wang Shizhen in Qing Dynasty has written 7 Notes comprising lots of novels,such as ChiBeiOuTan,HuangHuaJiWen,Xi-angZuBiJi. TanYi in ChiBeiOuTan is exquisite and is the most important notes of Wang Shizhen. Wang Shizhen' novel has formed sharp features and has the tendency of seeking strange and astonishing beauty in the vocabulary and contents. The tendency is most associated with his life experience,psychological experience and social conditions.

  13. The Research on Application of Inquiry Learning in Chinese Teaching Based on New Curriculum——Take “Kong yi-ji” as an Example%新课程理念下探究性学习在语文教学中的运用——以《孔乙己》一课为例



    新课程改革和《全日制义务教育语文课程标准》都倡导自主、合作、探究的学习方式。文章以九年级语文课程中《孔乙己》一课为例,对语文教学中探究性学习的运用进行了研究。教学实践证明,探究性学习使学生在完成知识建构的同时,自身的个性、问题解决能力和创新能力等都得到了充分发展,对语文课堂教学改革具有积极的意义。%The new curriculum reform and "Chinese course standard for Full-time Compulsory Education" have advocated autonomy,cooperation and inquiry learning.This essay researches on application of inquiry learning in Chinese teaching by taking "Kong yi-ji" as an Example.The teaching practice proves that the students complete the construction of knowledge as well as fully develop their own personality,ability to solve problems and ability to innovate in inquiry learning.It has positive significance to reform of Chinese teaching.

  14. The Origins of "Exchange Indexing" and "Reindexing" --With a Study of Wang Chongmin' s Jiao Chou Tong Yi Tong Jie%“互著”、“别裁”起源时间考辨——读王重民先生《校雠通义通解》



    In regard to the origins of two bibliographic methods "exchange indexing" and "" reindexing'", there always exists many bifurcations. This paper intends to tease out the opinions existent in the academic circles, put special emphasis on anatomizing the inductions and analysis of Wang Chongmin in his book Jiao Chou Tong Yi Tong Jie, check and discern the historical context in which "exchange indexing" and "reindexing" came into being, and indicate the viewpoint that "exchange indexing" and "reindexing" originate from Lin Xin is unassailable.%指出关于“互著”、“别裁”这两种文献著录方法的起源问题,历来就有诸多分歧。梳理学界现存的种种观点,尤其是剖析王重民先生在《校雠通义通解》中的归纳与分析,考辨“互著”、“别裁”产生的历史背景,并指出两者起源于刘歆的观点是不容置疑的。

  15. Analysis on the Misuse and Causes of “chu qi bu yi ”in Romance of the Three Kingdoms and Other Works%《三国演义》等作品中“出其不意”的误用及其成因



    成语是长期以来形成的固定词组,在使用中都有其固定的用法,但近来考察语料发现《三国演义》等古代作品中成语“出其不意”却有少量与众不同的用法。这一特殊用法数量有限,且主要分布在通俗文学作品中。它的出现应与说、写者的“误用”有关,而不能将其看作是独立的义项。%The idioms are fixed phrases for a long time. It has fixed usage in using, but we find the idiom“chu qi bu yi ” which has a few different usage through the study of the corpus such as Romance of the Three Kingdoms and other ancient works recently. The quantity of special usage not only is limited, but also it distributes mainly in the popular literary works. Its appearance should be told the misuse of the writer, and it can not be regarded as independent sense.

  16. 建构突发公共卫生事件管理信息系统的研究——以贵州省兴义市为例%The Study on Construction of Emergent Public Health Events Management Information System——in the case of Xing Yi City



    It is extremely urgent to strengthen the establishment of public health management information system.Through the elaboration of related technologies adopted in the analysis and design of emergent public health event management information system,the study has been conducted to analyze the needs systematically from the perspective of business management,data support,and system security.It aims to establish an emergent public health events management information system in Xing Yi city,which has the functions of collection,storage,analysis,early warning,emergency evaluation,emergency response,command and dispatch,and emergency resources management.%加强突发公共卫生管理信息系统建设已成当务之急。通过阐述相关技术分析,从管理业务、数据支持、系统安全等方面进行系统需求分析入手,旨在建立一个集突发事件信息采集、存储、分析、预警、应急评估、应急处置、指挥调度和应急资源管理功能于一身的兴义市突发公共卫生事件管理信息系统。

  17. The Analysis on Origin of Column in Building of Chiang Ethnic Groups in Yunnan--A Case Study on Yi, Tibetan Nationality%云南古羌支系各族建筑中的中柱起源探析--主要以彝族、藏族为例



    中柱普遍存在于云南古羌支系各族的建筑中,这不仅仅是形式上的偶合,更是对羌人古老居住模式的承袭。中柱是建筑中的恒定基因,保证了羌民居空间格局的稳定发展。本文以彝族、藏族为例,分别从物质形态、信仰体系和空间观念三方面来探索中柱的起源,试图从一个更为广阔的背景中去认识中柱这一建筑形式。%It is common the column exists in the construction of ancient Chiang branches, all ethnic groups in Yunnan, this is not just a form of coupling, but also inherited the traditional model of ancient Chiang people live.The column is the constant gene in construction, guarantee the stable development of the spatial pattern of Chiang houses.In this paper, taking Yi, Tibetan for example, to explore the origins of the concept in three columns from the physical form, belief systems and space respectively, trying from a broader context to understand the architectural forms in the column.

  18. “也”、“亦”在唐代文献中的分布研究——以《近代汉语语法资料汇编》(唐五代卷)中的语料为例%On the Distribution of YE and YI in the Literature of the Tang Dynasty Exemplified by the data in A Collection of Modern Chinese for Grammatical Studies ( Volume of Tang and the Five Dynasties)



    “也”和“亦”在唐五代都是比较常用的表达方式。对《近代汉语语法资料汇编》(唐五代卷)中的语料分析表明,“也”和“亦”在唐五代时期有相同的基本用法,使用基本相同的句法结构和较为相近的语体分布,但二者又表现出不同的特征和功能分布,两种用法互为补充,共同构成当时“也”、“亦”使用的整体轮廓。分析认为“也”与“亦”分布状况与的它们形成发展的历史有关,二者的分布特征预示了“也”、“亦”替换的基本路径。%The use of YE and YI for "too" or "also" in Tang and the Five Dynasties was very common. A study of the use of the two words in some of the legends and stories of the renowned monks of this time showed that they were of similar usages: they were used in similar sentence structures and distributed almost equally in both the narrative and dialogue sections. However, it was also found that the use of the two words showed different syntactical and functional tendencies, with YE being more informal and colloquial and YI more formal and syntactically complex. I argue that the dislribution of YE and Y/in literature of Tang and the Five Dynasties, the consequence of the chronicle change of each, predicts the " route" of replacement of YI by YE in the generations to come.

  19. A Survey of Mountainous Areas on the Folk and Medical Prescription of Yi Nationality and Environmental Change in Yunnan Province:With a Historical Investigation in Wenshan River Basin of E’shan County as a Centre%云南省山区彝族民间药方与环境变迁调查--以峨山县文山河流域为中心的历史考察

    白玉军; 王天福


    The flora and fauna resources in mountainous areas whereYi Nationality lived are rich, including some medicines for treating diseases. Some common and folk medicines are mostly related to the animal and plant resources in mountainous areas. In recent years, with large-scale development and utilization in mountainous areas, larger area of the vegetations is disappearing. what’s worse, these development and utilized activities in mountainous areas were accelerating the disappearance of folk herbs. The disappearance of the folk medical herbs, on the one hand is true portraiture of the ecological environment deterioration, on the other hand, objectively accelerate the prevalence of western medicine. Deterioration of ecological environmental gradually accelerates fading even death of the folk prescription of Yi Nationality in the mountainous area to certain extent .%云南省彝族居住的山区动植物资源丰富,其中不乏治病药物。一些常见民间治病药方大都来自山区动植物资源。近年来,随着山区大规模的开发与利用,出现了山区植被的大面积消亡,从而加速了民间草药的消失。民间药物的消失,一方面是生态环境恶化的真实写照,另一方面在客观上加速了西医的盛行。生态环境恶化在一定程度上加速了山区彝族民间药方的逐渐淡化甚至消亡。

  20. Yi Jin Jing exercise on the rehabilitation effects of middle and old aged patients with lumbar disc herniation%易筋经锻炼对中老年腰间盘突出症患者的康复影响

    周勇; 周元超; 李程秀; 李靖


    探讨易筋经锻炼对中老年腰间盘突出症患者的康复影响。方法:将60例受试者随机分为3组。A组进行易筋经锻炼,B组进行推拿手法治疗,C组采用药物疗法。治疗实验为30周,实验前后对受试者腰椎生理曲度进行测定。生理曲度变化采用单侧t检验,组间综合疗效比较采用X检验。结果:A、B、C三组腰椎曲度均有变化,变化幅度A组(39.83%)大于B组(24.75%),B组大于C组(18.76%),其中A组与B组比较有显著差异性(P〈0.05),A组与C组比较差异极具显著性(P〈0.01);组间疗效比较,有效率A组(90%)要好于B组(60%),B组又要好于C组(50%),其中A组与B组比较差异性显著(P〈0.05),B组与C组比较无显著差异(P〉0.05),A组与C组比较差异性非常显著(P〈0.01)。结论:易筋经锻炼的效果相对手法和药物治疗更好。%Objective: to study the Yi Jin Jing exercise on the rehabilitation effects of middle and old aged patients with lumbar disc herniation.Methods: 60 cases were randomly divided into three groups.Group A for Yijin jing exercise,Group B for the Chinese tui na massage treatment,Group C for using drug therapy.The whole experimental treatment lasts 30 weeks and we'll test the lumbar physiological curvature of the subjects before and after the experiment.The physiological curvature changes using the "one-sided t" test,and the comprehensive effect among groups using the xinspection.The result: Groups of A,B and C all have changed,the change ranges of Group A(39.83%) was more than Group B(24.75%),Group B was greater than Group C(18.76%),which Group A and Group B had significant difference(P 0.05),Group A was compared with Group C extremely significant difference(P 0.01);efficient result was among groups,Group A(90%) was better than Group B(60%),Group B was better than Group C(50%),Group A and Group B had significant difference(P 0.05

  1. Survey of Breakfast Behaviors and Its Nutritional Qualities in Primary Students in Long Quan-yi District of Chengdu%成都市龙泉驿区小学生的早餐行为及其营养价值调查

    张义琼; 胡旭初; 陈群; 付万朝; 朱易萍


    目的 探讨成都市龙泉驿区小学生早餐行为及营养状况,为开展学校营养教育提供科学依据.方法 2012年4月至7月采用随机整群抽样方法,首先随机选择成都市龙泉驿区10所小学,再从每所小学的每个年级随机抽取4~5个班学生,如一个年级不足4个班,则全部抽取,共计抽取8139名小学生为研究对象.采用问卷调查方式收集其早餐行为信息,进行早餐营养质量评价,并进行相关统计学评价.结果 本组问卷的有效回收率为97.63%(7946/8139).其中,67.7%小学生每周早餐5~7次,男、女学生每周早餐频次比较,差异无统计学意义(x2 =6.505,P=0.089);47.2%早餐来源于母亲准备;79.4%主要在家用早餐;80.6%小学生的早餐营养质量较差,男、女生早餐营养价值比较,差异无统计学意义(x2=5.646,P>0.05).结论 龙泉驿区小学生早餐行为存在一些不合理方面,早餐营养质量较差,应改善其早餐的食物结构,提供营养素均衡的早餐,促进小学生的健康.%Objective To investigate the breakfast behaviors and nutritional quality in primary students in Long Quan-yi District of Chengdu,and to provide scientific evidence for developing nutrition education in primary schools.Methods During April to July 2012,a total of 8139 primary students were recruited by Random clustering sampling method.A questionnaire survey was used to collect their breakfast behavior information,and to evaluate breakfast nutritional quality among 8139 primary students from Long Quan-yi District of Chengdu.Results In this study,effective recovery rate of research questionnaire was 97.63%(7946/8139).among 7946 primary students,the rate of having breakfast 5-7 times a week was 67.7%,there had no significance difference between girls and boys in weekly breakfast frequency and proportion(x2 =6.505,P=0.089); mother prepare breakfast rate was 47.2 %;having breakfast at home rate was 79.4% ; rate of poor

  2. Effect of Chinese medicine Yi Tang Kang on white fat adiponectin and adiponectin receptor 1 gene expression in diabetic rat%中药复方益糖康对糖尿病大鼠白色脂肪中脂联素、脂联素受体1基因表达的影响

    张冰冰; 石岩


    Objective: To observe the effect of "Yi Tang Kang" in diabetic rat white adipose adiponectin and adiponectin Rl of gene expression; Methods: Wistar rats of clean grade 40 with high fat diet for 4 weeks after intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (STZ) modeling, the model was successful in rats using random number table to randomly divided into model group and treatment group health benefits of sugar. Control group and model group to distilled water, rats treated with decoction health benefits of sugar, 4 weeks after three weeks of white adipose tissue of rat testes into liquid nitrogen for preservation, using RTPCR assay fat adiponectin and adiponectin receptor expression lmRNA. Results: The treatment group adipose tissue adiponectin mRNA levels compared with the normal group, no significant difference between the two groups, model group than the treatment group was significantly lower (P<0.01). Expression of adiponectin receptors lmRNA in comparison with the normal group, the treatment group and control group were not significantly different, model group was significantly lower than normal (P<0.01). Conclusion: The suggested Chinese Medicine "Yi Tang Kang" has raised the white adipose adiponectin and adiponectin receptor 1 gene expression, which may be beneficial in early treatment of diabetes sugar health mechanism of macrovascular disease.%目的:观察中药复方"益糖康"对糖尿病大鼠白色脂肪脂联素(Adiponectin)和脂联素受体1(adiponectin receptor1,AdipoR1)的基因表达的影响.方法:大鼠高脂饲料饲养4周后,一次性腹腔注射链尿佐菌素(STZ)造模,将造模成功的大鼠用随机数字表法将其随机分为模型组和益糖康治疗组.空白对照组和模型组以蒸馏水灌胃,治疗组的大鼠用益糖康煎剂灌胃,4周后3组大鼠睾周白色脂肪组织放入液氮中保存,用RT-PCR法检测脂肪中脂联素和脂联素受体1mRNA表达.结果:治疗组的脂肪组织脂联

  3. Effect of Yi Qi Fu Mai (YQFM) (Lyophilized) on the Activity of Hepatic CYP1 A2 and CYP3A in Rats%Cocktail法评价注射用益气复脉(冻干)对大鼠肝微粒体CYP1A2、CYP3A的诱导作用

    胡冰; 岳洁皓; 段超慧; 叶正良; 周大铮; 李德坤; 马英丽


    Objective: To investigate the effect of Yi Qi Fu Mai Injection (YQFM) (Lyophilized) on the activity of cyto-chrome P450 (CYP1A2, CYP3A) in rats. Method: Healthy wistar rats raised ethically were pretreated with YOFM(Lo-phhilized) via the caudal vein once daily for consecutive seven days, and then hepatic microsomes were prepared. A cocktail selective substrates consisting of the phenacetin (PN,CYP1A2) and testosterone (TS,CYP3A) was incubated with rat livermicrosomes. Determined by HPLC method, the formation rates of acetaminophen and 6β-OH testosterone, the metabolites of the probe drugs were used as an indicator to estimate the activity of CYP1A2 and CYP3A. Result: The formation rates of acetaminophen were(18.04 ± 1.00) ,(43. 07 ±2.90) , (27. 6 ±4. 5) ng o ( mg protein)-1 min-1 ,The formation rates of 6β -OH testosterone were(15.79 ± 1.43 ) , (40. 86 ± 3. 32) , (32. 8 ± 3. 67 ) ng o ( mg protein) -1 o min-1. Conclusion; YQFM has an induced effect on the activity of CYP1A2 and CYP3A.%目的:研究注射用益气复脉(冻干)Yi Qi Fu Mai Injection( YQFM) (Lyophilized)对大鼠肝微粒体CYP1A2、CYP3A的诱导作用.方法:将wistar大鼠分为生理盐水对照组,苯巴比妥钠诱导组,YQFM组,连续给药7天后处死,制备肝微粒体.采用Cocktail法,将特异性探针底物非那西丁(CYP1A2)、睾酮(CYP3A)与肝微粒体共孵育,采用高效液相色谱测定孵育所得代谢产物对乙酰氨基酚和6β一羟基睾酮的生成速率,来评价YQFM对CYP1A2、CYP3A的诱导作用.结果:空白对照组、诱导组和YQFM组的对乙酰氨基酚的生成速率分别为(18.04±1.00)、(43.07±2.90)、(27.6±4.5) ng·(mg protein)-1·min-1,6β-羟基睾酮的生成速率分别为(15.79±1.43)、(40.86±3.32)、(32.8±3.67 )ng·(mg protein) -1·min -1.结论:YQFM对大鼠肝微粒体CYP1A2、CYP3A有诱导作用.

  4. 基于多水平模型的西南民族地区农户非农劳动行为研究——以云南省红河哈尼族彝族自治州为例%Non-farmlaboractionresearchofthesouthwestregionfarmersBasedonthemulti-levelmodel——Take honghe hani nationality yi nationality autonomous prefecture in Yunnan province for example



      文章基于农户模型理论,结合西南民族地区农户特征,寻找影响农户非农劳动行为的因素;基于农户数据具有层级结构的特点,从多水平模型统计分析方法入手,通过对数据的组间异质性和随机性问题的有效处理,以云南省红河哈尼族彝族自治州为例,结合实证得出了最终模型,并与普通最小二乘估计进行比较。%  In this paper, based on the farmer model theory, combined with the household characteristics of the southwest national area, looking for influence factors of non-agricultural Labour behavior;based on characteristics of hierarchical structure in the household data, starting from statistical analysis method of multilevel models, Through effective handling between groups heterogeneity of data and random question, Take honghe hani nationality yi nationality autonomous prefecture in Yunnan province for example, combined with the positive,obtained final model and compared with the ordinary least squares estimates, the empirical results show that multi-level model better is suitable for the research of the economic problems of farmers, were new ideas were put forward from methodology.

  5. 发愤抒情,以情译诗--杨宪益、戴乃迭《楚辞选》英译析评%Expressing Emotions and Translating Poems with Affections---Comments on English Versions of Selected Elegies of the State of Chu by YANG Xian-yi and Gladys Yang



    “发愤抒情”是屈原表达其创作旨趣时提出的诗学观念。杨宪益、戴乃迭以情译诗,努力传达《楚辞》的情感力量、道德境界、文化意蕴,体现屈原的“哀与悲”“恐与惜”“思与怀”之情感。他们以传播中国文化的价值与灵魂为翻译目的,以源语为中心力求保存原作的要义,同时也考虑到目的语读者的期待视野和接受能力,采用直译、意译、释译相结合的方法,尽量使译文产生与原文相似的美学效果。%“Expressing one’ s emotions” is a poetic concept of writing put forward by QU Yuan. YANG Xian-yi and Gladys Yang translate poems with affections in order to convey the emotional power, moral state and cultural implication. They also try to reflect QU Yuan’ s feelings such as “grief and sorrow”,“fear and pity” and “yearning for hometown and monarch”. Taking spreading Chinese culture’ s values and soul as the translation purpose, they try to keep the spirit of the source text by focusing on Chinese culture. Meanwhile, they also take into consideration of target readers’ acceptance and expectations. Lit-eral translation, free translation and interpretation are used to make similar aesthetic effect of the original text.

  6. 彝族俐侎人养育习俗的教育价值对边远民族地区幼儿教育的启示%The enlightenment of education value of limis Yi race parenting practices on preschool education in Ethnic Minority Areas

    石林红; 杨罗贵


    彝族俐侎人在养育幼儿的过程中主要是向幼儿传授民族生产生活技能、进行宗教信仰的传递以及在生活中进行日常礼仪的训练。养育习俗作为幼儿园教育的补充发挥了积极的教育作用,也对边远民族地区幼儿教育有很大的启示:环境创设应整合本土文化资源;教育内容应贴近幼儿的生活世界;课程创设应融入儿童民间游戏;教育与养育相结合。%Limis Yi race in the process of raising children is mainly transferred to teach in na-tional production life skills to young children,religious beliefs and daily etiquette training in life.Par-enting practices as a supplement to the kindergarten education plays a positive function,but also has great implications for children in remote education in Ethnic Areas.The use of local natural re-sources,cultural to create the environment for young children;the contenr should be close to the chil-dren’s life;curriculum should be integrated into the children’s folk play;the combination of education and upbringing.

  7. ZHANG Yi-zhou Experience for a Stagnation of Nourishing Yin and Soothing Liver to Treat the Syndrome before and after Menopause%张翼宙自拟滋阴疏肝汤治疗绝经前后诸证经验拾零

    董会敬; 张翼宙


    Physician ZHANG Yi-zhou thinks deficiency of the liver and kidney is mainly caused by the syndrome before and after men-opause , and that pathogenesis is“nourishing liver and kidney, relieving the depressed liver”. She proposes the principle of“nourishing liver and kidney and relieving liver-qi stagnation”, as well as making the Ziyin shugan Decoction. The decoction is composed of Qing-hao Biejia Decoction complicated with the herbs of relievering the depressed liver. During clinical diagnosis and treatment,if cough’ s mainly organ are liver and kidney,with syndrome including menstrual disorder, vexation,insomnia, hestic fever,night sweat etc,Ziyin shugan Decoction can be applied in the appropriate to add and subtract.%张翼宙教授认为门诊病人绝经前后诸证多为肝肾亏虚所致,病机多为肝肾阴亏、肝气郁结,据此并提出滋补肝肾、疏肝解郁的治则,自拟滋阴疏肝汤。自拟方由青蒿鳖甲汤合并疏肝解郁药加减化裁而成。临床诊治中,若病变主脏在肝肾,证见月经紊乱、心烦失眠、烘热盗汗等,大抵可投以滋阴疏肝汤加减。

  8. 基于理性行为理论的彝族贫困农村妇女孕产期保健行为研究%Research on maternal health behaviors for Yi-nationality women in poor rural areas based on the theory of reasoned action

    吴玉菊; 郝刚; 孙率; 陈跃辉; 张瑞; 刘巧兰; 杨洋; 周欢


    Objective To analyze the status of maternal health behaviors and it's risk factors for Yi-nationality women in poor rural areas of Sichuan province. Methods In 2012, multi-stage stratified cluster sampling method was used to select 14 villages of two poor counties in Liangshan Yi-nationality autonomous prefecture Sichuan province. At least 10 women who have infants aged 0-12 months were selected in each simple villages, a total of 284. The structured questionnaire was developed on the basis of the theory of reasoned action. Yi-nationality female college students were trained as investigators. Research indicators included prenatal care rate, hospital delivery rate, postpartum examination rate, socio-demographic characteristics, maternal health care knowledge. χ2 test was used to compare the differences of above indicators among different groups .The structural equation model were used to statistical analyze. Results In the 284 subject women, 51.7%(147/284) women owned more than 2 children, 41.6%(118/284)women were more than 30 years old, 87.3%(248/284)women were illiteracy. The prenatal care rate was 69.7%(197/284), the hospital delivery rate was 26.8%(76/284), and the postnatal check rate was 22.9%(65/284). The influence factors of maternal health behaviors included the number of children, age and education (χ2 were 10.92,13.24,9.58;P values were 0.027, 0.004, 0.008, respectively).The structural equation model analysis results showed that the maternal health behaviors were directly or indirectly affected by subjective norms (β= 0.236, P<0.001), women's cognition (β= 0.226,P=0.020) and women's attitudes on maternal health behavior (β=0.157, P=0.001). Among subjective norms, women have high compliance to their husbands (β=0.850, P<0.001), their peers (β=0.708, P<0.001), and their mothers-in-law (β=0.636, P<0.001). Conclusion There were still serious problems in maternal health behaviors for Yi- nationality women in poor rural areas. The main factors included

  9. 脑溢安对出血性中风大鼠脑内磷酸化蛋白激酶表达的影响%Effect of Nao Yi An on the Expression of P-C-Jun in the Brain of Experimental Intracerebral Hemorrhagic Rat

    聂亚雄; 黎杏群; 袁梦石; 张花先; 张化彪; 唐涛


    To investigate the effect of traditional Chinese medicine Nao Yi An (NYA) on the expression of P-C-Jun in the brain of experimental intracerebral hemorrhagic rat.The rats were randomly divided into the normal control group,the model control group and NYA treatment group.By injecting collagenase type Ⅶ stereotaxically into the right globas pallidus,rat models with haemorrhagic stroke were made.We investigated the changes of the expression of P-CJun in the piriform cortex of the rats.Results:The expression of P-C-Jun in NYA group was weaker than that in the model control group(P<0.05).Conclusion:NYA interferes in the expression of P-C-Jun in the brain of rat models with haemorrhagic stroke,and affects the MAPK signal transduction.%探讨脑溢安对出血性中风大鼠脑内磷酸化蛋白激酶(P-C-Jun)表达的影响和治疗机理。根据Roserberg法复制大鼠脑出血模型,采用免疫组织化学方法观察脑出血后梨状皮质内P-C-Jun的表达变化,并用组织病理学方法分析脑皮质内神经元的损伤状况。结果:脑溢安治疗组较模型组脑内P-C-Jun蛋白表达弱,神经元受损状况轻。结论:脑溢安下调脑内P-C-Jun蛋白表达,从而干预了丝裂原活化的蛋白激酶(MAPK)信号转导通路。

  10. Insight of Anthropology and Writing of the History of Chinese Literature --An Interpretation on "Redrawing the Map of Chinese Literature" Advocated by Yang Yi%人类学眼光与中国文学史的书写——对杨义“重绘中国文学地图”的一种解读



    In the theory and practice of "redrawing the map of Chinese literature", Yang Yi's review of the relationship between the native and the west, the periphery and the center, as well as the writing and the oral, has a rich connotation of anthropology. It is both an awareness of the defects in the studies on Chinese literature and a response to the trend of literary anthropology, which has a huge influence on the writing of the history of Chinese literature. The integrated literature concept advocated by Yang Yi makes it possible for the researches of Chinese literature to return to the native paradigm.%在“重绘中国文学地图”的命题与实践中,杨义对“本土与西方”、“边缘与中心”、“书写与口传”、“汉族文学与少数民族文学”等多重关系的重新审视,显示出丰富的人类学内涵。这既是对当下中国文学研究中诸种缺失的自觉省察,也是对方兴未艾的文学人类学思潮的一种回应,在今后的中国文学史写作中具有重要的示范意义。杨义所倡导的“大文学观”,使得中国文学研究在经历了百年“失语”之后,有了回归本土范式的可能。

  11. 《治百病方》不等于《武威汉代医简》%Zhi bai bing fang (Recipes for All Diseases) not identical with Wuwei Han dai yi jian (Wuwei Medical Bamboo Slips of Han Dynasty)



    1972年甘肃省武威县出土的汉代简牍,包括2种竹简和1种木牍,由隶书和章草2种字体书写,竹简分别编联,木牍未曾编联,具体内容可分医方、日书、药价3个方面.种种现象表明,这批简牍并非纯一的书籍或资料,“治百病方”只是其中1种竹简的名称.而有《中国医学史》教材和工具书在介绍《治百病方》和《武威汉代医简》时,将二者完全等同而论,实属以偏概全,有失妥当,应予更正.%The Han medical bamboo slips unearthed from Wuwei County,Gansu Province in 1972 included 2 kinds of bamboo slips and a wooden tablet,written with li calligraphy and zhangcao script.The bamboo slips was organized and bound as a series,while the wooden tablet wasn' t.The contents were related to medical recipes,almanacs and price of drugs.Various phenomena reflected that these slips and tablet were not merely a whole book or materials,and the Zhi bai bingfang was but a tide of one of the bamboo slips.However,Wuwei Han dai yi jian and Zhi bai bing fang sometimes were regarded as an identical one in some teaching materials of History of Chinese Medicine or reference books,which was an incorrect and one -sided information,and should be corrected.

  12. 元代神话剧的双璧--《张生煮海》和《柳毅传书》共同点探析%Two Stars of Fairy Tales in Yuan Dynasty---Common Analysis on “Zhang Sheng Went to Boil the Sea”and “Liu Yi Zhuan ”



    李好古的《张生煮海》和尚仲贤的《柳毅传书》被称作元代神话剧的双璧,是因为它们之间有着许多的相同点:都采用神怪的诡奇情节来突破元代众多爱情剧的俗套;都表现了对封建制度的不满和婚姻自由的赞美;两个神话剧中的男主人公都热情纯洁、忠实于爱情;两个神话剧都充满着神奇瑰丽的浪漫主义色彩;两个神话剧的语言都很有功力,曲辞和宾白清新明快,生动优美;两个神话剧都写了龙对人的屈服。%“Zhang Sheng Went to boil the Sea”of Li Shanggu and “Liu Yi Zhuan”of Shang Zhongxian are known as two stars of fairy tales in Yuan dynasty,because they have many similarities:use the genie strange plots to break through the stereotypes;express all the praise of dissatisfaction with the feudal system and the freedom of marriage;the heroes in the fairy tales are pure with passion and faithful to love;Both play god is full of romantic magic magnificent;both languages are of capability;poems and spoken parts are fresh and lively,vivid and beautiful;both of them express the yielding of dragon to human beings.

  13. Tradition Inheritance and Rebuilding:Contemporary Construction of Music and Dance of Yi People's Flower Arrangement Festival in Dayao County%传统的承继与再造:大姚彝族“插花节”仪式乐舞活动的当代建构



    “插花节”是大姚县昙华乡彝族人民盛大传统节日,其仪式乐舞活动的当代建构,是传统的继承与再造,保持了“插花节”仪式乐舞活动具有连续性与世俗性二元特点;赋予了传统乐舞节日宗教、政治、文化等多重意义,使传统乐舞活动保持生机与活力,也向我们展示了一种地方性知识与民间智慧,笔者认为传统与当代并不存在根本的破裂而相互对立,应是在传统意义上重新建构的。%The flower arrangement festival is a grand day to the Yi nationality distributed in Dayao Coun-ty.Its contemporary construction of ceremony music and dance is inheritance and rebuilding of tradition , which remains the secularity and continuity and gives the traditional music -dance festival multiple meanings in religion, politics and culture .The contemporary structure not only makes the traditional music -dance maintain vitality but also shows us local knowledge and wisdom .As a conclusion , the tradition and contempo-rary is not contradiction but rebuilding of ceremony music and dance .

  14. 清热利湿、益气养血法治疗皮肤变性皮损型糖尿病足的理论与临床(附1例报告)%Theory and clinical of clearing heat and promoting diuresis and Yi Qi Yang Xue method in the treatment of skin degeneration skin lesions type diabetic foot



    糖尿病是一种目前无法治愈的慢性疾病,具有庞大的“患者群”和“后备军”,同时有心、脑、肾、血管、视网膜、足部等并发症。因此,要加强糖尿病治疗的“三早”措施,即早发现、早诊断、早治疗。运用中西医结合的清热利湿、益气养血的治法效果良好。科学地治疗、积极改善生活方式,对糖尿病一级、二级预防都有很大现实意义,不仅要控制血糖,更重要的是对患者进行全面的人文关怀,才能为患者提供科学的指导和治疗。%Diabetes is a incurable chronic diseases at present,the incidence has the huge “patient group” and “reserve army”,at the same time it has the heart,brain,kidney,blood vessels,retinal,foot and other complications.Therefore,it should strengthen“three early”measures in the treatment of diabetes,namely the early discovery,early diagnosis,early treatment.The use of traditional Chinese and western medicine combination of clearing heat and promoting diuresis and Yi Qi Yang Xue method have good effect.Scientific treatment,actively improving the lifestyle have great practical significance on the primary and secondary prevention of diabetes.Not only to control blood sugar,it is more important to comprehensive humanistic care for patients to provide scientific guidance and treatment for patients.

  15. 四川省凉山彝族自治州西昌市6~16岁儿童注意缺陷多动障碍的流行病学调查%Diagnosis of Puerile Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Xichang City, Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province

    方敏; 杨尧; 王西蓉; 汤艳; 庄晓玲


    Objective To study prevalence and influential factors of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder(ADHD) in children in Xichang city,Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture,Sichuan Province.Methods A cluster-stratified sampling was conducted in children aged 6-16 years old in Xichang city,Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture,Sichuan Province.Using General information Questionnaire and ADHD Symptoms Rating Questionnaire,diagnostic interviews were conducted in suspected ADHD children and their parents.Using Manual of Mental Disorders-Ⅳ (DSM-Ⅳ) criteria of ADHD.Patients were classified as ADHD predominantly inattentive(ADHD-I),predominantly hyperactive-impulsive (ADHD-HI)and combined hyperactive-impulsive and inattentive(ADHD-C)subtypes.According to children age,who were divided into 6-7 years old group(n=399),8-10 years old group(n=958),11-16 years old group(n=993).Influential factors of ADHD were analyzed.This study followed the ethics standard that was enacted by investigation in human beings Committee of the First people' s Hospital in Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture of Sichuan Province.Informed consent was obtained from the parents of each participating child.Results Prevalence of ADHD in children aged 6-16 years old in Xichang city,Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture,Sichuan,Prevalences were 4.81%,and 2.64%,1.40% and 0.77% in ADHD-I,ADHD-C and ADHD-HI subtypes,respectively.Prevalence of ADHD in boys was higher than that in girls(P<0.05).There were significant differences in prevalence of ADHD among various age groups and subtypes.Prevalence of ADHD was the highest in children aged 6-7 years old.Age,sex,mothers' education levels family history,birth injuries,unmerited education,parenthood were influential factors of ADHD.Conclusions Prevalence of ADHD-HI subtype was higher than those other two subtypes.Prevalence of ADHD was the highest in children aged 6-7 years old.The Prevalence of ADHD in boys was higher than that in girls in Xichang city

  16. 从《伯夷列传》到《司马穰苴列传》看《史记》列传文体前期的发展%The Early Stage Style Development of the Biographies of ShiJi in the Perspectives of Biography of BoYi and Biographies of Simarangju



    《史记》列传文体形态丰富多变,一直受到历代《史记》评点家、研究者的关注而尚未开展深入的研究。《史记》列传的前四篇(《伯夷列传》、《管晏列传》、《老子韩非列传》、《司马穰苴列传》)实际上包含着《史记》列传在文体上早期的形态变化,这种变化呈现出引用和评论手段的缩减,以及叙事成分的不断加重的趋势,也即意味着《史记》列传文体由传统经传转向为新型史传的重要转变。%The literary form style of biography of ShiJi is complex and varied. Importance had been always attached to this problem by researchers in past dynasties, yet profound study had not been done. The first four biographies in ShiJi, including Biography of BoYi, Biography of GuanZi and Yanzi, Biography of LaoZi and HanFei, Biography of Simarangju,contained the change of style about the early Biography of ShiJi. This change presented the trend that quote and comment reduced while narration increased at the same time, that there was a great change in the literary form style of Biography of ShiJi into ShiZhuan Sytle from JingZhuan Sytle.

  17. Clinical research on relative factors and curative effects of Yi-gan-san modified with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder%注意力缺陷多动障碍相关因素及抑肝散治疗效果的临床研究

    常亚军; 刘秀敏; 闫仲凯


    目的:探讨注意力缺陷多动障碍( ADHD)的临床相关因素,评价抑肝散治疗小儿多动症的临床效果。方法入选120例ADHD患儿作为研究对象,健康儿童120例作为对照组,通过问卷调查形式评价家庭环境、儿童生活习惯、儿童环境毒物接触情况对ADHD的影响。另选取患儿中证属脾虚肝亢者75例,其中试验组38例,对照组37例,对照组给予单纯行为治疗,每周3次;试验组在对照组治疗基础上,口服加味抑肝散150 mL,一日2次,疗程为8周,分别于入组前,治疗后4,8周行中医证候积分评定和疗效判断。结果父母学历低于初中、采取责罚教育方式、家庭月收入低于每月3000元、单亲或隔代抚养家庭、人工喂养、父母为独生子女均为发生ADHD的危险因素。作息不规律、缺乏爱好、睡眠紊乱、易食零食,接触增塑剂( DEHP )次数越多及玩手机次数越频繁更易患ADHD。试验组控显率为52.63%,总有效率为86.84%;对照组控显率为24.32%,总有效率为43.24%,试验组疗效优于对照组( P<0.01)。治疗8周后,2组中医证候积分均显著降低(P<0.01),试验组治疗后中医证候积分低于对照组,其改善程度更显著。结论 ADHD发生与家庭环境、儿童生活习惯及接触环境毒物有一定关系;抑肝散治疗脾虚肝亢型ADHD疗效确切。%Objective To explore the main influence factors of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder ( ADHD) and evaluate the clinical effect of Yi-gan-san modified.Methods Questionnaire survey consisting of home environment, living habits and exposure to environmental toxicant was used to investigate and evaluate children in the two groups, one of them was the study group with 120 cases of ADHD children, and the other was the control group with 120 cases of healthy children.A total of 75 cases with the pi-xu-gan-kang type were found among the ADHD

  18. Molecular genetic analysis of ABO, MNS, Duffy, Diego, Lutheran, Kidd, Dombrock and Colton blood group systems in Sichuan Yi population%四川地区彝族ABO等8个血型的分子遗传学研究

    辛友盼; 田力; 宋宁; 张嵘; 姚志强; 陈静娴


    Objective To elucidate the molecular mechanism of ABO, MNS, Duffy, Diego, Lutheran, Kidd, Dombrock and Colton blood groups in Sichuan Yi population,and investigate their gene frequencies. Methods The ABO blood group of 120 samples were genotyped through sequencing exons 6 and 7 of ABO gene,and the others were genotyped by PCR-SSP. Results In the unrelated 120 samples ,five common ABO alleles were identified :A101 ( 0. 020 8) ,4102 (0.166 7), B101 ( 0.245 8), 001 (0. 304 2), 002 (0. 262 5). Compared to Sichuan Han population, the frequency of the A gene was significantly lower. The allele frequencies of other seven blood groups were as follows ;M =0. 683 3,N =0. 316 7,S =0.091 7 ,s =0.908 3;Lua = 0,Lub =1;Fya =6.945 8,Fyb =0.029 2,FyES =0.015 O;Jka =0.525 O,Jkb =0.475 0;Dia =0.016 7 ,Dib =0. 983 3;Doa =0.120 S,Dob =0. 879 2;Coa = 1,Cob =0. The allele frequencies of the MNS and Diego were con-sistent with the data of population in the south China. The Yi population also showed the genetic specialty of their own :FyES gene exists, and the frequency of Jka gene is a little bit higher than that of Jkb gene, and the frequency of Doa gene is little bit higher. There was no differences between the gene frequencies of Lutheran and Colton blood group (they all were in ac-cordance with Hardy-weinberg equilibrium). Conclusion This study reveals the genetic background of 9 red cell blood group systems in Sichuan Yi population, and provides scientific data for safe transfusion, blood donor recruitment and cor-rect blood Storage.%目的 了解四川地区彝族人群ABO、Duffy、Kidd、MNs、Diego、Lutheran、Dombrock、Colton血型的分子遗传背景及其基因频率的分布规律.方法 采集四川省凉山彝族自治州布拖市和冕宁县共120名彝族无血缘关系健康者血样,对ABO基因第6、7外显子作测序分析;对Duffy等另外7个血型系统采用聚合酶链式反应-序列特异性引物(PCR-SSP)作基因分型.结果 120例四川凉山彝族

  19. 益血生胶囊联合蔗糖铁注射液对妊娠贫血患者血清转铁蛋白受体及妊娠结局的影响%Effect of Yi Xuesheng Jiaonang combined with Iron Sucrose Injection on serum transferrin receptor and pregnancy outcome with anemia patients in pregnancy

    章红英; 陈淑群


    Objective To explore the effect of Yi Xuesheng Jiaonang combined with Iron Sucrose Injection on anemia in pregnancy on serum transferrin receptor and pregnancy outcome.Methods 78 patients with anemia in pregnancy form December 2014 to December 2015 of the third people’s Hospital of Cixi were collected and randomly divided into control group and treatment group,each had 39 cases.Control group was given 200 mg Iron Sucrose Injection with 100 mL 0.9%sodium chloride injection intravenous infusion,2 times a week; experiment group were treated on the base of control group with 4 pills of Yi Xuesheng Jiaonang,3 times daily.The course was 28d,and two groups all with a course treatment.After the end of treatment,clinical curative effect,serum transferrin receptor level,liver and renal function and the incidence of adverse pregnancy outcome were observed and compared. Results Serum transferrin receptor levels were increased in two groups after treatment (P<0.05),compared with control group,serum transferrin receptor level of treatment group was even higher (P<0.05), alanine aminotransferase (ALT),aspartate aminotransferase (AST),serum creatinine (Cr) and urea nitrogen ( BUN) and other indicators of liver and kidney function of experiment group had no statistical significance.Adverse pregnancy outcome rate betwen two groups was not statistically significant.Conclusion Yi Xuesheng Jiaonang combined with Sucrose Iron Injection therapy for patients with anemia of pregnancy can significantly increased serum transferrin receptor levels,has higher safety and low adverse pregnancy outcomes rate.%目的:探究益血生胶囊联合蔗糖铁注射液对妊娠贫血患者血清转铁蛋白受体及妊娠结局的影响。方法收集2014年12月~2015年12月慈溪市第三人民医院妇产科收治的妊娠贫血患者78例,根据治疗方法不同分为对照组和试验组,每组各39例。2组均实施常规治疗以及对症治疗,对照组给予蔗糖铁注射液200

  20. Acceptability and related factors on male circumcision among young men with Yi ethnicity in onecounty of Sichuan province%四川省凉山地区彝族男青年对包皮环切可接受性及影响因素分析

    冯楠; 吕繁; 曾刚; 南磊; 王新娅; 徐鹏; 张建勋; 张色尔


    目的 研究艾滋病流行区彝族男青年对包皮环切手术作为HIV预防措施的可接受性及其影响因素.方法 采用分层抽样方法 在四川省凉山州布拖县抽取446名彝族男青年,利用自行设计的问卷进行一对一的面访,收集HIV相关危险行为、对包皮环切手术的认知及可接受性.结果 446名中经访谈员介绍包皮环切手术后,40.6%的人表示愿意接受该手术.调查对象自述愿意接受手术的原因主要为能够降低自身HIV的感染风险(90.1%).不愿意接受手术的原因主要为:"觉得手术部位太敏感,不好意思(52.5%)","害怕以后不能生孩子(50.9%)".logistic回归分析显示,影响包皮环切手术可接受性的因素为:年龄、收入水平、"最近一年是否有商业性行为"、"是否担心感染HIV"、"是否担心感染性病"、"是否认为包皮环切能够降低感染HIV的风险"、"是否认为包皮环切术后更容易发生性交时疼痛"、"是否担心手术后发生局部感染"、"是否担心进行手术遭到周围人嘲笑".结论 彝族对性问题害羞和隐讳的态度可能是推行包皮环切手术的一大障碍.采取免费的形式,由专业医生进行手术是较好的方式.%Objective To explore the acceptability of male circumcision (MC) as an HIV prevention method and its related factors among young men of Yi ethnicity in Liangshan prefecture. Methods 446 young men were selected in Butuo county,under stratified sampling method. Using a self-designed questionnaire,face to face interviews were taken to collect HIV-related risk behaviors,knowledge and acceptability of MC. Results After an introduction on MC by interviewers,40.6% of the interviewees expressed their willingness in taking this surgery. The main reason for acceptance was that they felt this surgery might reduce the risk of HIV infection (90.1%). For those who refused to take this surgery,most of them thought it was too sensitive and embarrassing (52.5%) and

  1. A Discussion on the Origin of Fengshui Theory by Three Levels of "Q", "Yi" and "Li"%堪舆名考及理论溯源初探——“气”、“易”、“理”三个文化向度的堪舆解读

    张耀天; 崔瑞


    中国传统堪舆学说既是一种古老的神秘哲学、生命哲学,也是一种与社会生活关系密切的人居环境风水地理知识体系,同时也包含着迷信色彩的封建文化糟粕。以中国本土文明为底色的堪舆学说,也是中国哲学精神的重要体现。对堪舆起源的考订,须从从"气"、"易"、"理"3个向度进行分析,堪舆学说在中国的历史沉淀中,已经成为一个独立的建筑文化系统,包含着深刻的历史底蕴。堪舆学术中的封建迷信色彩,须进行进行批判,其中糟粕主要是先人对社会现实曲折反映的结果。同时,堪舆学术中合理成分,可以为当前社会主义文明建设所借鉴。%Traditional Chinese Feng Shui doctrine is not only the ancient mystical philosophy, philosophy of llfe, but also a knowledge system of living environment and geography which is closely related to social life. It also con- tains the feudal superstitious cultural dross. The theory of geomancy based on the indigenous civilization, is also the important manifestation of the spirit of Chinese philosophy. Textual research on the origin of geomaney should be done by three dimensions of Qi, Yi and Li. In the precipitation of history in China, Feng Shui theory has become an independent architectural and cultural system containing profound historical heritage. The dross in Feng Shui is the distorted reflection of social reality by ancestors and the superstition in Feng Shui should be criticized. At the same time, the reasonable composition could be learned to build the socialist civilization.

  2. Legal Protection of Intangible Cultural Heritages in Minority Areas--Honghe Hani and Yi Autonomous Prefecture as an example%论少数民族地区非物质文化遗产的法律保护--以云南省红河哈尼族彝族自治州为例



    法律保护问题在当前的非物质文化遗产保护中是带有根本性的关键问题。要做好少数民族地区非物质文化遗产保护工作,首要的就是要重视法律保护。中国是一个实行民族区域自治的国家,在非物质文化遗产保护中,少数民族地区自有其重要性和特殊性。从少数民族地区这一特定区域出发,以云南省红河哈尼族彝族自治州为例,概括了非物质文化遗产保护和红河州少数民族非物质文化遗产的情况,分析了少数民族地区非物质文化遗产法律保护的现状,提出了依托民族自治构建非物质文化遗产法律保护的有效途径。%Legal protection is a fundamental and vital issue of protection of intangible cultural heritages at present. To attach importance of legal protection is the first priority for well protecting of intangible cultural heritages in minority areas. China has instituted a system of regional autonomy in minority areas. Protecting of intangible cultural heritages in minority areas has its own importance and specificity in the work on protecting intangible cultural heritage. Starting off the special areas of minorities and taking Honghe Hani and Yi Autonomous Prefecture, Yunnan province as an example, this article has summarized protection of intangible cultural heritages and the situation of intangible cultural heritages in Honghe, analyzed the situations of legal protection of intangible cultural heritages in minority areas, and proposed an effective approach of constructing legal system for protecting intangible cultural heritages by relying on system of regional autonomy in minority areas.

  3. 林毅教授首创提脓祛腐综合疗法巧治肉芽肿性乳腺炎——典型病案、理论渊源及操作规范%Professor LIN Yi Initiating Combination Therapy Named Tinong Qufu for Granulomatous Mastitis——Typical Cases Theory Origin and Operating Rules

    关若丹; 司徒红林; 林毅


    Granulomatous mastitis is a rare clinical disease, the causes of granulomatous mastitis is still unclear.Adrenal cortical hormone is recognized as an effective method of treatment.But adrenal cortical treatment need very long treatment time.The patient need to suffer repeated abscess formation during treatment.This makes the patients choose mastectomy. This is a very painful choice.Therefore, to explore an effective treatment of minimally invasive, maximizingly retening breast appearance, and low recurrence rate is very urgent. This article describes Professor LIN Yi's initiating combination therapy named Tinong Qufu for granulomatous mastitis, elaborating the theory origin and operating rules by introducing typical cases. Tinong Qufu combination therapy has significant effect for granulomatous mastitis, while shorter treatment cycles, less recurrence, breast appearance can be reserved.%肉芽肿性乳腺炎是一种临床上较少见的病因不明的慢性乳腺炎性疾病,肾上腺皮质激素治疗有一定疗效,但治疗周期长,治疗过程中反复脓肿形成、持续伤口感染等,常使患者不得不反复接受手术直至乳房切除方可治愈.这给患者带来了极大的痛苦和困扰,甚至留下终身遗憾.因此,探寻一种有效的、创伤小的、能最大限度保留乳房外形,且复发率低的治疗方法非常迫切.该文介绍了林毅教授运用首创的“提脓祛腐”综合疗法成功治愈肉芽肿性乳腺炎(成脓期)的典型案例,详细阐述其理论渊源及操作规范.提出“提脓祛腐”综合疗法治疗肉芽肿性乳腺炎(成脓期)疗效显著且具有治疗周期短、不易复发、最大限度保留乳房外形的优势,值得推广运用.

  4. Study on Wind Environment of New Type Traditional Dwelling Houses——Taking Yunnan Yi Minority Dwelling Houses as an Example%新型传统民居风环境研究——以云南彝族民居为例

    林晨; 刘加平


    为了探求具有良好自然通风的传统民居形式,本文对云南彝族传统民居的室内、外空气温度和风速进行了实测;并利用CFD软件对其室内和院落的风环境进行了模拟,分析各建筑因素(院门的开启、院墙的高低、畜棚的位置及门窗的设置)对自然通风的影响.结果表明,合理设置窗户和百叶、增加通风槽、扩大正房厦子能有效提高室内的自然通风效果;合理调整附属建筑的位置、院落尺寸和院墙高低能改善院落的自然通风效果.在此基础上,提出了改进风环境的设计建议.%In this paper,in order to seek the optimal style of traditional dwelling houses with favorable natural ventilation,the indoor and outdoor temperatures and air velocities of Yunnan Yi minority dwelling houses were measured. And then, the wind environment of rooms and courtyards were simulated by the software of CFD, in which the effects of architectural factors on natural ventilation were analyzed, such as open-close status of courtyard doors, high-low conditions of courtyard walls, location of adjacent buildings and installation of doors and windows. The results indicated that rational setup of windows, louvers, vent gutters and enlarging eaves of main house could improve the indoor natural ventilation effect. Besides,reasonable adjustment of adjacent buildings' location, courtyards' size and walls' height could increase the natural ventilation effect of courtyards. Finally, the design suggestions for enhancing the wind environment were presented.

  5. New Interpretation of “Xian”on Tang Zi Zhong Bin Er Plate and Yi and Supplementary Explanation of Its Inscription%唐子仲濒儿盘、匜“咸”字新解及铭文补释

    闫华; 徐今


    In 2001 ,three bronzes with inscriptions were unearthed in Xiaojiahe ,Hubei province .They belong to“Tang Zi Zhong Bin Er” .“ ” on the bronzes has caused debate in academia ,and involved the important calen-dar problems of bronzes ,such as “moon phase four” and“moon phase fixed point” .The interpretation of the word“Yu” in the inscription in the existing results also can be discussed .This paper will discuss two prob-lems .First ,it is demonstrated that “ ”in Tang Zi Zhong Bin Er plate and yi is “Xian”,from the shape ,litera-ture ,archaeology and other aspects .“Xian”can be interpreted as“Xian chi” .“Xian chi”is Jupiter cycle ,in Wu-Wu ,and the WuWu may be 602 BC .Then“Yu”in“Yu plate” ,“Yu hui yi”and“Yu pi”should be explaned as“using” .%2001年湖北肖家河出土3件有铭铜器,器主是“唐子仲濒儿”,引起了学界对“”字的讨论,此字关涉到金文历日这个重要问题,比如“月相四分说”和“月相定点说”。现有成果对铭文中“御”字的解释亦有可商榷之处。文章研究表明:第一,从字形、文献、考古等多个角度论证,认为唐子仲濒儿盘、匜铭文中的“”是“咸”字,释为“咸池”。“咸池”是岁星纪年,岁在戊午,即为咸池,并考证做器年代可能为公元前602年。第二,铭文“御盘”、“御沬匜”、“御鈚”中的“御”字当释为“用”。

  6. On Features and Developing Ways of Specialty Construction of Newly-built Undergraduate Colleges in Ethnic Regions——Taking School of Yi Language and Culture of Xichang College as Example%民族地区新建本科院校学科专业建设特色及发展路径——以西昌学院彝语言文学为例

    加洛久体; 阿牛木支


    There are some disadvantages on specialty construction of newly-built undergraduate colleges in ethnic regions.So it is very important to change these disadvantages into advantages.The major of language and literature for nationalities(Yi language and literature) succeeded in specialty construction.Its constructive features were embodied on nationality of specialty construction,compounding of talents' training,inheritance of national culture,synthesis of specialty construction and science of quality controlling,etc.Moreover there were emphases of its developing ways that we should strengthen to cultivate specialty echelon,have the thoughts of modern teaching and school-running,combine between specialty construction and local needs of development,and enhance the service for Yi areas.%地处西部民族地区的新建本科院校在学科专业建设上,其劣势不言而喻,把劣势转化为优势对学科建设尤为重要,西昌学院中国少数民族语言文学(彝语言文学)学科专业建设走出了一条成功之路。其学科专业建设形成了专业建设民族性、人才培养复合性、民族文化传承性、学科建设全面性、质量监控科学性等特色。学科专业建设的发展路径为:要加强学科梯队的培养,教师要有现代教育教学思想与理念和开放的办学视野;专业建设要与地方需要结合,并大力强化对彝族地区的服务功能。

  7. 异曲同工:“死水”遥映“恶之花”——论闻一多与波德莱尔诗歌创作美学的趋同性%Different in Approach but Equally Satisfactory in Result:"Stagnant Water" Echoes "Evil Flowers"——Research into the Convergence of the Poetry Aesthetics between WEN Yi-duo and Baudelaire



    Although the two poets WEN Yi-duo and Baudelaire lived in different countries and different times,the dark and corrupt social system made them produce feelings of pessimism,and both expressed their resentment and melancholy through images of hideous reality.Both of them happened to coincide in producing similar creative intention of considering "ugly" as "beautiful" and transforming "decadent" to "magic",and achieved the same effects of expressing their anxiety for the unexpected development of their ages and nations,and revealing their humanist feelings.%闻一多与波德莱尔两位诗人虽然身处不同国度,不同时代,但黑暗腐朽的社会制度促使他们产生悲观主义情绪,并在诗歌创作中借丑恶现实的物象表达心中的愤懑与忧郁。两人都不约而同地体现了"以丑为美"、"化腐朽为神奇"的创作意旨,并最终殊途同归,表达了对时代、民族的忧患意识,彰显了人道主义情怀。

  8. 9 Yi Jianlian转攻新市场




  9. Yi zhi xing jiao yi zhe, fangdichan paomo yu fangdichan zhengce: jian lun zhongguo de fangdichan zhengci

    Bao, T.; Wang, Y.


    Based on the classical De Long et al (1990), we build a model of housing bubbles to analyze the role of market imperfections (noise traders, liquidity constraint, limited liability and weak property rights protections, etc) and their interactions in the formation of housing bubbles. We show that the

  10. 河北省易县碘缺乏病19年综合防治措施及效果评价%Evaluation of integrated control effect of iodine deficiency disorder for 19 years in Yi County of Hebei Province

    张进国; 唐术玲; 季占平


    [ Objective] To evaluate the integrated control measures and effect of iodine deficiency disorder for 19 years in Yi County of Hebei Province. [Methods]The integrated measures such as attention from government and sectoral coordination, universal consumption of iodized salt, strengthening supervision and evaluation, disease surveillance and epidemiological investigation, health education and health promotion, etc were adopted. The evaluation was performed on children % urinary iodine median, goiter rate and consumption rate of iodized salt. [ Results] The goiter prevalence among children decreased from 27.90% in 1993 to 2.05% in 1998, it had been controlled within 5% since 1998-2011; consumption rate of qualified iodized salt increased from 33. 16% in 1993 to 96.06% in 1996, it had been above 90% since 1996- 2011; children 's urinary iodine median increased from 70.63μg/L in 1994 to 139.10 μg/L in 1995, it had been above 100 μg/L since 1995-2011. [ Conclusion] The adopted integrated measures are the effective way for sustainable elimination of iodine deficiency disorders.%目的 评价河北省易县地区碘缺乏病综合防治19年的措施及效果.方法 采取政府重视和部门协调、落实全民食用碘盐、加强督导评估工作、开展病情监测及流行病学调查、健康教育与健康促进等综合防治措施,并通过儿童尿碘中位数、甲状腺肿大率及合格碘盐食用率3项指标对效果进行评价.结果 儿童甲状腺肿大患病率由1993年的27.90%降至1998年的2.05%,自1998年至2011年患病率一直控制在5%以内;合格碘盐食用率由1993年的33.16%上升到1996年的96.06%,自1996年至2011年,合格碘盐食用率均在90%以上;儿童尿碘中位数由1994年的70.63 μg/L提高到1995年的139.10 μg/L,自1995年至2011年,儿童尿碘中位数均在100 μg/L以上.结论 该县所采取的综合防治措施是实现可持续消除碘缺乏病行之有效的方法.

  11. 道德实践中的认知、意愿与性格——论程朱对“知而不行”的解释%Knowing, Will and Character in Moral Practice: A Study on Cheng Yi and Zhu Xi's Explanations of "Knowing without Doing"



    "Knowing without doing" is a common phenomenon in human life, which contains a philosophical puzzle that why people don't do what they think right. Focusing on the case of Cheng Yi and Zhu Xi, this paper makes a complete investigation on the explanations of "knowing without doing" in Chinese philosophy. It holds that Cheng and Zhu's explanations can be divided into three dimensions which correspond separately with knowing, will and character. Comparing with the Western philosophy, Cheng and Zhu's thinking presents a characteristic of comprehensiveness. Some statements of Cheng and Zhu, such as the sayings about "seeing principle", "self-abandon", "weakness" and "material endowment", are all representatives of Han philo- sophical thinking, which would be a useful source for the related discussions in the contemporary moral philos- ophy, philosophy of mind and theory of action.%“知而不行”是生活中常见的现象,比如,一个人知道吸烟不好,却依然吸烟;知道应该帮助他人,却没有付诸行动。儒学,尤其是宋明理学,作为一种强调道德修养和道德实践的学问,对道德领域的“知而不行”现象,给予了更多关注。从二程到朱熹到王阳明,都对这个问题做过正面回应,其中蕴含了值得注意的哲学观点。在西方哲学中,“知而不行”问题与意志软弱(akrasia,weaknessofwill)问题联系在一起,从古代的苏格拉底、亚里士多德,到中世纪的奥古斯丁、阿奎那,再到近代的休谟、康德乃至当代的戴维森,很多哲学家都留下了关于这个问题的看法。①晚近一些海外中国哲学研究者尝试结合西方哲学的相关理论,对中国哲学中的意志软弱问题做比较研究。②本文将聚焦于朱熹及其理论先导程颐的有关论述,运用道德哲学话语分析他们对“知而不行”问题的解释,并探讨其对当代关于道德行动的研究有怎样的启示。

  12. Study on Medication Rules of Spleen-stomach Deficiency Syndromes inLin Zheng Zhi Nan Yi An Based on Data Mining%基于数据挖掘的《临证指南医案》脾胃虚证用药规律研究

    郑勇强; 陈瑞芳


    目的:探讨《临证指南医案》中脾虚证、胃虚证、脾胃俱虚证用药及配伍的联系与区别。方法搜集《临证指南医案》中脾胃虚证相关条文,凡条文中有“脾虚”“胃虚”“脾阳虚”“胃阳虚”“土虚”“胃阴虚”“脾胃虚”“中焦虚”“阳明虚”“太阴虚”等相关病证名者均予纳入,再根据其主治加以鉴别,确定并整理出脾虚证、胃虚证、脾胃俱虚证3个证型的用药及配伍,将相关数据规范化并建立数据库,采用 SPSS Clementine12.0中Apriori算法对数据进行挖掘。结果本研究共搜集相关医案421例,涉及处方525首,其中脾虚证92首、胃虚证276首、脾胃俱虚证157首。挖掘出用药关联规则脾虚证11条、胃虚证38条、脾胃俱虚证28条。结论脾胃虚证组方多在“温燥升提、凉润通降、甘温补中”范畴,体现了叶氏强调脾胃分治、脾升胃降不同、养阴补阳各异的用药特色。%Objective To discuss the relation and differences among spleen-deficiency syndromes, stomach-deficiency syndromes and spleen-stomach deficiency syndromes.Methods Terms about spleen-stomach deficiency syndromes in the book ofLin Zheng Zhi Nan Yi Anwere screened. Syndrome names about “spleen deficiency”, “stomach deficiency”, “stomach-yang deficiency”, “tu deficiency”, “spleen-stomach deficiency”, “middle-jiao deficiency”, “yang-ming deficiency”, and “tai-yin deficiency” should be included in this study. And then medication and compatibility of medicines of spleen-deficiency syndromes, stomach-deficiency syndromes and spleen-stomach deficiency syndromes were determined according to the main efficacy of the medication and compatibility of medicines. Relevant data were standardized and then database was built. Apriori algorithm in SPSS Clementine12.0 was used to conduct data mining.Results Totally 421 relevant cases were collected in this study

  13. Bioinformatics Analysis on Molecular Network and Bio-function ofBu-Fei-Yi- Shen Decoction%基于生物信息学方法探析补肺益肾方的分子网络及生物功能

    李立; 冯素香; 白菁安; 姜淼; 吕诚; 郭洪涛; 李建生; 吕爱平


    目的:通过生物信息学方法探析治疗慢性阻塞性肺疾病(COPD)有效方剂补肺益肾方的分子网络及生物功能,为中药复方药理机制研究提供新思路.方法:通过在线数据库查找补肺益肾方中药成分的化合物,在PubChem数据库中检索这些化合物的靶蛋白,运用Ingenuity Pathway Analysis(IPA)软件对二者进行分子网络、生物功能及相关生物学通路的构图和解析.结果:查找到补肺益肾方的靶蛋白共239个,可构建成9个分子网络,其中最相关的前3个分子网络功能为:Cellular Development、Energy Production和Cancer.与补肺益肾方最相关的前3个生物功能为:Cellular Growth and Proliferation、Cell Death and Survival和Inflammatory Response.与补肺益肾方最相关的前3个生物学通路为:Cell Cycle:G1/S Checkpoint Regulation、Chronic Myeloid Leukemia Signaling、Cyclins and Cell Cycle Regulation.结论:通过查找中药化合物靶标并通过IPA软件进行分析的生物信息学方法可以用于解析补肺益肾方的分子网络及生物功能.%This article was aimed to study the molecular network and bio-function ofBu-Fei-Yi-Shen (BFYS) decoction for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) by bioinformatics analysis, in order to provide new ideas for research on pharmacological mechanism of Chinese medicine compound prescription. Components of herbs in BFYS decoction were searched in the databases. Targeted proteins of each component were found from PubChem. Comparison analyses were performed on molecular network, bio-function and canonical pathways by Ingenuity Pathway Analysis (IPA). The results showed that there were 239 target proteins of BFYS decoction. There were 9 molecular networks of BFYS decoction. The top 3 networks' functions were Cellular Development, Energy Production, and Cancer. The top 3 bio-function of BFYS decoction were Cellular Growth and Proliferation, Cell Death and Survival, and Inflammatory Response. The top 3

  14. 双衣开音颗粒治疗声门闭合不良型声嘶的临床观察%Clinical study on the therapeutic effect of“Shuang Yi Kai Yin Granule”on hoarseness induced by glottal incompetence

    毛雯静; 曹绿红; 吴修法; 黄滔敏; 陈念祖; 魏春生


    目的:评估双衣开音颗粒治疗声门闭合不良型声嘶的有效性与安全性。方法随机、开放、对照,总计100位声门闭合不良型声嘶患者参与研究,随机分配服用对照药清喉利咽颗粒或者实验药双衣开音颗粒,实验组80例,对照组20例。安全性研究主要终点为随访第3个月受试者主诉不适为主,辅以实验室、心电图等检查。有效性研究主要终点为随访第3个月受试者嗓音嘶哑评估GRBAS评分变化、受试者主观感受评分变化及最长发声时间(MPT)、基频微扰(jitter)、振幅微扰(shimmer)等客观嗓音学指标变化。结果实验组临床疗效总有效率为58.75%,对照组总有效率15.00%,两组相比较有显著性差异(P0.05)。对照组VHI、G、MPT、jitter、shimmer、声强、F0均无明显差异(P>0.05)。本研究过程中除1例患者短暂胃部不适外,其余均无不良主诉。结论双衣开音颗粒治疗声门闭合不良型声嘶疗效显著,安全性良好,值得在临床上推广使用。%Objective To evaluate the efficacy and safety of“Shuang Yi Kai Yin Granule (SYKYG)” on hoarseness induced by glottal incompetence. Methods One hundred patients with hoarseness induced by glottal incompetence were randomly assigned to 2 groups, with 80 patients in treating group (TG) and 20 patients in control group (CG). Cases in TG were given SYKYG orally, while those in CG were treated by orally taken compound Chinese herbal“Qing Hou Li Yan Granule (QHLYG)”. All these cases were followed up for 3 months. When following up period ended, they were asked complaints of discomfort for security research, and examined to test such parameters as GRBAS, voice handicap index (VHI), and maximum phonation time (MPT), jitter, shimmer for voice rehabilitation level evaluated both objectively and subjectively. Results The total effective rate was 58.75% in TG but 15% in CG, and the difference was significant

  15. Evaluation of Guo Zi-yi——The reflections after reading The Biography of Guo Zi-yi of The Old Book of Tang History%郭子仪评说——读《旧唐书·郭子仪传》有感



    Guo Zi-yi was,according to Pei Ji who was a renowned official in Tang Dynasty,a man who had great power but not hated by the court,who made tremendous contributions but not mistrusted by the monarch and who lived in luxury but not blamed by the ruler.He got high rank in the court and gained dignity for his family and heirs because of his distinguished service in battles,such as retrieving two capitals,cracking down the Anshi Rebellion,suppressing the uprising led by Pugu Huaien and fighting back the aggression of minorities on the border.Meanwhile,his name became immortal.With the talent of a general,he was always sticking to his life philosophy of keeping a contented mind,being modest and prudent,guarding against treacherous officials and never abusing his power,as well as his principles as an official,i.e.being loyal to the ruler,fulfilling his responsibilities,never complaining when he was not in the favor of the monarch,taking the country's welfare as his duty and acting as others' model.As a man in the limelight since ancient times,he is worth all the credits and studies.The author,with a view to learn from him through this study,concludes that the following aspects are necessities for a great man: 1.Devoting all your life to the country;2.Never being arrogant and remain modest and prudent even when you make huge contributions;3.Never meriting everything to yourself and withdraw at the right time;4.Educating your children.%郭子仪是一位被唐代名相、著名史臣裴垍评为"权倾天下而朝不忌,功盖一代而主不疑,侈穷人欲而君子不之罪"的人物。他为唐朝立下收复两京、平定安史之乱、平定仆固怀恩之乱、抵御边疆少数名族侵扰等等赫赫战功,但也获得了高官厚禄、家族显赫、子孙富贵,同时流芳百世,至今受人称道。他有不世的将帅之才,有自足常乐、谦恭自谨、防奸杜倖、不挟憾以报仇雠的为人之道,有竭诚尽忠、委婉进谏、尽职

  16. 清中期黟县民众的信仰世界及所蕴涵的文化意义——以《菩萨谱》所载祭祀科仪为中心展开的讨论%The Belief of People in Yi County in Mid-Qing and its Cultural Significance --Based on the Sacrificial Ceremony Recorded in Bodhisattva Spectrum

    樊嘉禄; 张孝进


    新近发现的清中期黟县钞本《菩萨谱》包含了大量民间信仰信息,所收信仰以家庭祭祀为主,广涉各路神众,反映出当时徽州民众生活在一个由多种祭祀仪式构成的民间信仰世界之中,生老病死、衣食住行,生产、生活的每一重要方面都与民间信仰息息相关。同时《菩萨谱》中反映出的信仰世界带有鲜明的小传统特色,揭示出了民间信仰世界中三教融合的真实情况。%The newly discovered hand-copied Bodhisattva Spectrum in Yi County in mid-Qing Dynasty contains a great amount of information about folk beliefs. The beliefs mainly involve family sacrifice and concern different gods, reflecting a folk belief world in which there are a variety of fete ceremonies conducted by Huizhou people in that period. Birth, senility, illness and death; food, clothing, shelter and traveling; production as well as every important aspect of life are closely linked with folk beliefs. At the same time, the belief world reflected in Bodhisattva Spectrum has distinctive traditional features, revealing the real situation of a fusion of three religions then.

  17. Influence of the Aged People's Participation in Physical Exercises on Their Psychological Health in the Minority- inhabited Regions --A Case Study in Honghe Hani and Yi Autonomous Prefecture in Yunnan Province%民族聚居区城镇老人参与体育锻炼对身心健康的影响分析——以云南红河哈尼彝族自治州为例



    应用世界通用的心理健康测试量表(SCL-90)及自编《老年人体育锻炼情况调查表》,对云南红河哈呢彝族自治州13市县城镇60至69岁哈尼族、彝族老年人随机抽取350人进行问卷调查,分析了解体育锻炼对少数民族老年人身心健康的影响关系。结果表明:体育锻炼习惯、每周活动频率、每次活动时间和运动强度对SCL-90量表诸多因子有显著影响。结论:良好的体育锻炼习惯对促进老年人身心健康、增强幸福感有重要作用。%This study applies a globally and commonly used mental health test scale (SCL-90) and a self- de- signed questionnaire "A Survey on the Aged Peoples' Physical Exercises ". 350 aged people of 60-69 years old from 13 cities, counties, towns in Honghe Hani and Yi Autonomous Prefecture in Yunnan province were randomly selected to finish the questionnaire to analyze the influence of physical exercises on the physical and psychological health of the aged people. The results show that the habit of physical exercise, weekly frequency of physical exercise, the duration for each physical exercise and exercise intensity have a significant effect on several determiners in the SCL -90. It is concluded that good physical exercise habit plays an important role in promoting the physical and psychological health of the aged people and enhancing the sense of happiness.

  18. 优秀羽毛球女单选手李雪芮、王仪涵发球与接发球技战术特征比较研究%Comparative study on serve and receive technique and tactics of world elite badminton players LI Xue-rui and WANG Yi-han



    The methods of literature material,information technology,mathematical statistics and comparative analysis are employed to analyze the serve and receive technical and tactical statistics of LI Xue -rui and WANG Yi -han in the 2014 Inchon Asian Games.The results showed that 1 )as for the serve tactics,the service quality of both is quite high,most serve placement are net ball in the No.1 ,2 and 3 region,followed by clear in No.8 and 9 region, and last is light ball in No.7 area.2 )Concerning service technology,LI mainly adopted a position with the lofty ball as a supplement to disrupt the opponent's rhythm effect.WANG mainly served net ball to effectively judge each other and seek a route for the next shot,ready for the back ball.3)With reference to return of serve tactics,both LI and WANG have certain regularity and preference of regional placement in return,mainly dominated by the front short with backcourt lob.Rub the ball serving and pick the ball accounted for a very important part of LI, and compared with LI, WANG on the one hand rub on the ball to attack the organization,and on the other hand,shot to suppress the other end and take the initiative to attack.4)For receiving technology,LI and WANG have relatively large differences in the change of receiving.LI focused on the forehand and backhand twist on the ball,while WANG focused on the forehand shot and pick the ball and the ball backhand.%采用文献资料、信息技术、数理统计、比较分析等方法,对李雪芮和王仪涵参加2014年仁川亚运会比赛的发球与接发球技术和战术进行统计与分析,为我国优秀羽毛球女单选手在以后的比赛中的战技术运用中提供一些参考。研究结果发现:1)发球的战术上,李雪芮和王仪涵两位优秀选手的发球质量都相当高,发球落点的选择在1、2、3号区域的网前小球比重最大,其次是8、9号区域后场平高球,最后是7号区域的平射球。2)发球的技术上

  19. 清胰汤Ⅱ号冲剂对急性胰腺炎小鼠的保护作用及机制%Chinese herbal preparation Qing Yi TangⅡgranule protects against ex-perimental acute pancreatitis in mice

    李敏; 林思思; 沈利; 张瑞琴; 兑丹华; 李永渝


    目的:探讨清胰汤Ⅱ号冲剂( QYT)对急性胰腺炎( acute pancreatitis,AP)小鼠的保护作用及机制。方法:成年C57BL/6小鼠24只,雌雄各半,随机均分为3组。 AP组和AP+QYT组首先经腹腔注射雨蛙肽(50μg/kg)及脂多糖(10 mg/kg)复制重症AP模型,AP组小鼠给予饮用水灌胃,AP+QYT组给予QYT灌胃;正常对照组小鼠给予等量生理盐水注射及饮用水灌胃。于末次注药后3h麻醉处死动物。检测和分析胰腺组织的病理改变、肠道细菌总数和分类、Peyer’s结T淋巴细胞亚群的变化、血浆淀粉酶、白细胞介素6(IL-6)、单核细胞趋化蛋白1( MCP-1)水平以及胰腺和肺脏组织髓过氧化物酶( MPO)活性等。结果:与对照组相比,AP小鼠的胰腺组织病理学评分、肠道细菌数量、血浆淀粉酶活性、IL-6及MCP-1水平、胰和肺组织的MPO活性都有明显升高( P<0.05);QYT可在一定程度上逆转AP时相关指标的变化(P<0.05)。小肠Peyer’s结数量在各组无明显差异,但AP组的CD3+T淋巴细胞百分比较对照组明显降低(P<0.05),而且,AP组和AP+QYT组,尤其是后者CD4+T淋巴细胞百分比和CD4+/CD8+比值较对照组明显升高( P<0.05)。结论:清胰汤II号冲剂对雨蛙肽和脂多糖诱导的小鼠急性胰腺炎具有明显的拮抗作用,其机制可能与其抑制炎症反应、促进肠内细菌的清除和调节肠道T淋巴细胞功能有关。%[ ABSTRACT ] AIM: To investigate the protect effect of Chinese herbal preparation, Qing Yi TangⅡgranule (QYT), on acute pancreatitis (AP) mice and its mechanism.METHODS:Adult male and female C57BL/6 mice (n=24) were randomly divided into control group, AP group and AP+QYT group.Severe AP was induced by combined intra-peritoneal injection of caerulein (50μg/kg) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS;10 mg/kg).Drinking water or 24%QYT solu-tion was given to the

  20. 益智复方对D-半乳糖诱导的小鼠学习记忆障碍的影响%Effects of compound Yi-Zhi on D-galactose-induced learning and memory deficits in mice

    徐江平; 吴航宇; 李琳


    目的:研究益智复方对痴呆小鼠学习记忆及自由基代谢的影响.方法:小鼠每日颈背部皮下注射D-半乳糖 0.150 g*kg-1,连续45 d可以造成痴呆模型.在注射半乳糖5 d后,同时灌胃给予不同剂量的YZC至造模结束,再采用Y型迷宫测验及SOD、MDA检验试剂盒分别查看其对痴呆小鼠学习记忆及自由基代谢的影响.结果:益智复方可以显著提高痴呆小鼠Y型迷宫学习/记忆成绩(所需的训练次数由模型组的 31.35±8.97/17.12±5.57 降低到低中高三个剂量组的 19.67±8.07/11.27±6.65、14.00±6.84/8.29±5.95 和 11.41±5.99/6.24±4.97);益智复方 0.108 g*kg-1和 0.433 g*kg-1均可显著提高小鼠脑组织SOD活性,从 17.69±3.14 nU*mg-1pro升高到 26.94±4.46 nU*mg-1pro和 21.33±3.63 nU*mg-1pro;而益智复方 0.108 g*kg-1、0.217 g*kg-1和 0.433 g*kg-1使小鼠大脑中丙二醛(MDA)水平由 4.08±0.88 nmol*mg-1pro减少到 2.82±0.75 nmol*mg-1pro、 2.10±0.42 nmol*mg-1pro和 2.35±0.39 nmol*mg-1pro.结论:益智复方具有较好的改善学习记忆功能,这可能与其清除脑内自由基、抑制脂质过氧化的作用有联系.%To explore the effects of Compound Yi-Zhi (YZC) on learning and memory capacity and free radical metabolism in D-galactose induced mice dementia model. METHODS: The mice dementia model was induced by a daily D-galactose 0.15 g*kg-1 sc for 45 d and after 5 d D-galactose injection, the mice were treated with three doses of YZC once a day for 40 d. In order to find out the influence of YZC on the models learning and memory capability and free radical metabolism system, Y-maze test was introduced for the former and superoxide dismutase (SOD) and malondialdehyde (MDA) tests for the latter. RESULTS: Compared with the D-galactose model group, three doses of YZC administration (0.108, 0.217, 0.433 g*kg-1) were all shown to significantly reduced the times of learning/memory in Y-maze test from 31.35±8.97/17.12±5.57 to 19.67±8.07/11.27±6




    Full Text Available Binalarda sogutma yiikiinii hesaplamak i~in, binarun di~ ylizeyindeki her elemandan, t~llllffi ve ta~lillm yoluyla olan ISI degi~imlerinin, yap1 elemanlanndan iletimle olan 1s1 ge9i~inin, i9 yiizeylerin tiin1iinde 1~munla olan 1s1 ge~i~i degi~irnlerinin ve i~ yiizeyler ile bolge havas1 arasmda ta~llllm yoluyla olan 1s1 ge9i~inin hesaplanmas1 gerekir. Bu 9ah~mada yapt elemamrun gerek i9 yiizey gerekse d1~ yiizey i9in genel1stl denge bagint:llan, i9 ve di~ yiizey 1s1 dengelerine etki eden faktorler a91klanarak 91kanlnn~. Is1 dengesi bagmttlannda bu1unan terimler i9in geli$tirilen 9e~itli yakla~unlar hakkmda bilgi verilmi~ ve duyulur sogutma yli.kii oranlan ilt;;in onerilen yakla~unlar degerlendirilmi~tir.

  2. “一M比一M+VP”构式的形式和功能%The Form and Function of the Construction "Yi M Bi Yi M +VP"

    陈满华; 赵志强



  3. 论彝剧与形式美%Comments on Yi Opera and its Aethetics




  4. Computational Thermodynamics of Materials Zi-Kui Liu and Yi Wang

    Devanathan, Ram


    This authoritative volume introduces the reader to computational thermodynamics and the use of this approach to the design of material properties by tailoring the chemical composition. The text covers applications of this approach, introduces the relevant computational codes, and offers exercises at the end of each chapter. The book has nine chapters and two appendices that provide background material on computer codes. Chapter 1 covers the first and second laws of thermodynamics, introduces the spinodal as the limit of stability, and presents the Gibbs-Duhem equation. Chapter 2 focuses on the Gibbs energy function. Starting with a homogeneous system with a single phase, the authors proceed to phases with variable compositions, and polymer blends. The discussion includes the contributions of external electric and magnetic fields to the Gibbs energy. Chapter 3 deals with phase equilibria in heterogeneous systems, the Gibbs phase rule, and phase diagrams. Chapter 4 briefly covers experimental measurements of thermodynamic properties used as input for thermodynamic modeling by Calculation of Phase Diagrams (CALPHAD). Chapter 5 discusses the use of density functional theory to obtain thermochemical data and fill gaps where experimental data is missing. The reader is introduced to the Vienna Ab Initio Simulation Package (VASP) for density functional theory and the YPHON code for phonon calculations. Chapter 6 introduces the modeling of Gibbs energy of phases with the CALPHAD method. Chapter 7 deals with chemical reactions and the Ellingham diagram for metal-oxide systems and presents the calculation of the maximum reaction rate from equilibrium thermodynamics. Chapter 8 is devoted to electrochemical reactions and Pourbaix diagrams with application examples. Chapter 9 concludes this volume with the application of a model of multiple microstates to Ce and Fe3Pt. CALPHAD modeling is briefly discussed in the context of genomics of materials. The book introduces basic thermodynamic concepts clearly and directs readers to appropriate references for advanced concepts and details of software implementation. The list of references is quite comprehensive. The authors make liberal use of diagrams to illustrate key concepts. The two Appendices at the end discuss software requirements and the file structure, and present templates for special quasi-random structures. There is also a link to download pre-compiled binary files of the YPHON code for Linux or Microsoft Windows systems. The exercises at the end of the chapters assume that the reader has access to VASP, which is not freeware. Readers without access to this code can work on a limited number of exercises. However, results from other first principles codes can be organized in the YPHON format as explained in the Appendix. This book will serve as an excellent reference on computational thermodynamics and the exercises provided at the end of each chapter make it valuable as a graduate level textbook. Reviewer: Ram Devanathan is Acting Director of Earth Systems Science Division, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, USA.

  5. Subgrouping of Nisoic (Yi) Languages: A Study from the Perspectives of Shared Innovation and Phylogenetic Estimation

    Lama, Ziwo Qiu-Fuyuan


    In southwest China and neighboring countries, including Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, and Myanmar, there live over 100 ethnic groups who speak languages known as Nuosu, Naxi, Hani, Lisu, Lahu, etc. These languages belong to the "Nisoic Branch" or the "Loloish Branch" of Tibeto-Burman (TB) subfamily of Sino-Tibetan. Though the Nisoic…

  6. Yi People's Homes Nestle among Towering Peaks%白云深处有彝家



    @@ 20世纪的最后一个深秋,我踏上了凉山那苍凉而凝重的土地,闯进了白云深处的彝族人家.生活在这片古老、神秘热土上的彝族人,世世代代同恶劣的自然环境顽强地抗争着.他们深深地打动了我,令我无比震撼.

  7. 彝族原始宗教影响下的传统彝居建筑%Yi Nationality Habitat Construction under the Influence of primitive Religion of Yi

    张伟; 唐文



  8. De la pasión íntima (In The Mood for Love a las pasiones cotidianas (Yi-Yi: dos ejemplos de transmutación discursiva en las nuevas cinematografías de Extremo Oriente

    Gómez Tarín, Francisco Javier


    Full Text Available Acostumbrados como estamos a la penetración discursiva de la industria cinematográfica hollywoodiense, la escasez de productos que nos llegan desde Oriente no parece poner en entredicho nuestros conceptos ni códigos; ítem más, en cuanto que esos pocos materiales se acercan a pantallas minoritarias y son visionados por sectores limitados de la población. Nadie se llame a engaño, el control de los medios de distribución y exhibición por parte de grandes multinacionales ligadas al imperio americano es cada día más férreo y, evidentemente, el gigante defiende su producto y lo rentabiliza tanto económica como ideológicamente. Pero las cuotas de mercado no son tan favorables al cine dominante en Extremo Oriente (no mantiene su hegemonía mundial por ser la industria que más artefactos fílmicos lanza al mercado y, desde luego, tampoco por su calidad...

  9. Ghen yi in the back of chen haosu's mind%陈昊苏眼中的父亲陈毅

    陈昊苏; 秦来来



  10. The Industrialization of the Yi Nationality's Costume%彝族服饰文化产业化略论

    吉木拉立; 王波



  11. Happily lead Hong Jun past the minority area Yi%喜引红军过彝区

    唐玉鲁; 陈颂华; 果基尔日


    @@ 中国工农红军经过千辛万苦,于1935年5月,抢渡了金沙江以后,蒋介石如热锅上的蚂蚁,惶恐不安,方寸大乱,急忙乘飞机到昆明,立刻电令各部在大渡河夹击红军.他口出狂言:"大渡河乃太平天国石达开全军覆灭之地,现共匪入此彝汉杂居处、一线天、江河阻隔,插翅难逃……"然而,诡计多端的蒋介石是白日做梦,痴心妄想.

  12. 钱乙儿科学术思想浅析%An Approach to Qian Yi's Academic Thinking of Pediatry



    @@ 钱乙是北宋时期著名的儿科医学家,业医40余年,在儿科疾病诊治方面积累了丰富的经验,著有传世于后.笔者多次拜读是书,每有收获,认为其学术思想是在继承、等理论的基础上产生的,具有较高的学术水平和应用价值.

  13. Comments on "place and human development" by Paul Shepard and Yi-Fu Tuan's "experience and appreciation"

    Florence C. Ladd


    Paul Shepard presents a dazzling array of profound ideas about the nature of the relationship between early developmental stages and places experienced in a variety of cultures. Shepard's analysis is related to the schema presented in Spivack's (1973) paper, in which he identifies some basic requirements of the human species and the environmental conditions...

  14. 孙一奎之生命本源说%SUN Yi-kui's life origin theory




  15. VizieR Online Data Catalog: 10yr of Swift/XRT obs. of GRBs (Yi+, 2016)

    Yi, S.-X.; Xi, S.-Q.; Yu, H.; Wang, F. Y.; Mu, H.-J.; Lu, L.-Z.; Liang, E.-W.


    In this paper, we analyze the X-ray flare data of Swift/XRT over 10yrs until the end of 2015 March, and study the distributions of energy, duration, waiting time, rise time, decay time, peak time, and peak flux. (1 data file).

  16. Evolution of Image from Biography of Liu Yi to Tale of Liu Yi A Case Study of the Hero Liu Yi and Dragon Maid ——Take Liu Yi and the dragon king's daughter as well%从《柳毅传》到《柳毅传书》人物形象的嬗变——以主人公柳毅和龙女为例




  17. Assessment of the Social Functions and Vitality of the Yi Language from the Perspective of Its Domains of Use

    Suhua, Hu


    In general, the vitality and social functions of a language are assessed in connection with such indices as the language's intergenerational transmission, the absolute number of speakers and proportion of speakers in the population, its present domains of use, its development within diverse domains of use, and the availability of its educational…

  18. 浅论李大钊的"民彝"思想%Easily Discussion of Li Dazhao's "Min Yi" Thinking

    祖雷; 张卫军



  19. Zhong Yi acupuncture and low-back pain: traditional Chinese medical acupuncture differential diagnoses and treatments for chronic lumbar pain.

    Birch, S; Sherman, K


    Little attention has been given to selecting treatments in clinical trials of acupuncture. Yet in order to perform objective tests of this procedure, it is crucial that the selected treatments are considered representative of the style of practice being tested. We examined 16 traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) acupuncture texts or treatment articles to determine the consistency of diagnosis and recommended treatment for chronic low-back pain. Although 24 diagnostic patterns were described by 1 or more texts, only 4 patterns were described by at least half of the texts. Most texts (12/16) described only 3 or 4 patterns. These could be categorized into 3 broad types: cold, damp, wind, heat channel obstruction patterns; kidney vacuity patterns (sometimes differentiated into yang and yin patterns); and blood (or blood and qi) stasis patterns. Several acupuncture points were recommended by most texts regardless of the diagnosis, whereas other acupoints were recommended for specific diagnostic patterns. There was, however, substantial variation between texts in recommended acupoints, with less than 20% of all acupoints recommended by half or more of the texts. This varibility will make it difficult to select TCM treatments for clinical trials of chronic low-back pain that have wide applicability. We believe that examining treatment patterns in actual clinical practice is crucial in this situation. We suggest that this method of selecting treatments should be part of the process used when selecting treatments for all clinical trials of acupuncture, regardless of the style of practice.


    KANTER, Beyhan


    Servet-i Fünûn romanında hayal ve gerçek çatışmasının birey üzerinde kurduğu baskı yoğun olarak işlenir. Özellikle hayattan kaçma arzusu, bu dönem romanında ana kurguyu destekleyen yan tema olarak karşımıza çıkar. Mehmet Rauf'un Ferdâ-yı Garam romanı da dış dünyaya uyum sağlamakta zorluk çeken on beş yaşındaki Sermet'in psikolojisi üzerine kurgulanmıştır. Romanda amca çocukları olan Sermet ve Macit'in aşkları iki gencin ruhsal yönelimleri doğrultusunda anlatılır. İki gencin ruh...

  1. 益赛普治疗风湿性关节炎的疗效观察%Yi's clinical observation for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis



    重组人Ⅱ型肿瘤坏死因子受体一抗体融合蛋白;风湿性关节炎;护理类风湿关节炎、强直性脊柱炎等风湿性关节炎的主要炎性介质和发病机制的关键因素是肿瘤坏死因子(TNF),其参与调控的炎性反应可导致关节的病理改变。重组人Ⅱ型肿瘤坏死因子受体一抗体融合蛋白是一种生物制剂,它能竞争性地与血液中肿瘤坏死因子俚(TNF-Of.)结合,阻断它和细胞表面 TNF 受体结合,降低其活性,减轻炎性反应。我科自2009年以来,对于类风湿关节炎、强直性脊柱炎、银屑病及银屑病关节炎等疾病中的部分病例,在常规治疗的基础上,加用益赛普治疗,均取得了满意疗效。%human recombinant Ⅱ type of tumor necrosis factor receptor antibody fusion protein;Rheumatoid arthritis;Care of rheumatoid arthritis,ankylosing spondylitis and rheuma-toid arthritis is phlogistic sex is the key element of a medium and the pathogenesis of tumor necrosis factor (TNF),to participate in the inflammatory reaction of regulation can lead to pathological changes of the joints.Human recombinant Ⅱ a type Of tumor necrosis factor receptor antibody fusion protein is a kind Of biological agents,it can be competitive with tumor necrosis factor in the blood slang (TNF -Of.),block it and TNF receptor on the surface Of cells,reduce its activity,reduce the inflammatory reaction.Since 2009,our department for rheumatoid arthritis,ankylo-sing spondylitis,psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis and other diseases in some cases,on the basis of conventional treatment,and for reasons's treatment,has obtained the satisfactory curative ef ect.

  2. An Excellent Medical Anthropology Ethnography of Yi People%一部优秀的彝族医学人类学民族志




  3. 彝族史诗《支嘎阿鲁王》的人类学阐释%The Anthropology Interpretation on Yi Epic Zhigaalu



    基于格尔兹“意义”的相关逻辑,秉承人类学的“阐释”本质,对彝族史诗《支嘎阿鲁王》作一种更加宽泛的略带哲学思辨的文化探讨。其中涉及“阐释”的人类学前提,《支嘎阿鲁王》的神话片段和逻辑,以及《支嘎阿鲁王》二元文化隐喻等内容。%Based on the associated logic of Clifford Geertz significance, adhering to the interpretation es⁃sence, to discuss the Zhigaalu culture more broadly,and with slightly philosophical speculation.Which in⁃volves interpretation of Anthropology premise, Zhigaalu myth fragments and logic, and Zhigaalu biculturalism metaphor.

  4. The Rapid Disposal Technology of Yi spontaneous seam coal mine%义煤矿区极易自燃厚煤层快速治理技术

    吕建立; 魏向志


    The five Coal mining companies under the jurisdiction of the spontaneous combustion in coal seam coal seam for easy, the spontaneous combustion is a month, the shortest is 7 days, the spontaneous combustion of coal issues have Seriously troubled company's safety. This paper studies a foam fire suppression efficient compound blasting new technology that can make full use of current effective conventional fire - fighting technology and method, and can overcome the present grouting, an inert gas, an inert gas bubbles, resistance change agent fire - extinguishing or suppression of blasting technology for insufficient. At the same time, the paper developed an efficient compound foam generated new equipment, put forward the construction technology and rapid fire drill efficient compound foam perfusion technique, constructed different needs of extinguishing fire prevention system integration of multifnnetional. Finally, we can realize the mined - out area of the coal mine with 21201 thousand high risk of compound the equal, the whole process of rapid governance fire just in seven days, which laid a foundation to prevent disaster affected area enlargement and resume production as soon as possible.%义煤集团公司下辖的五个矿所采煤层为容易自然发火煤层,自然发火期一个月,最短7天,煤炭自燃问题严重困扰着集团公司的安全生产。本文研究了高效复合泡沫灭火抑爆新技术,既能充分利用目前有效的常规防灭火技术与手段,又能克服目前注浆、惰气、惰气泡沫、阻化剂等灭火或抑爆技术的不足,并研制了产生高效复合泡沫的新装备,提出了灭火钻孔快速施工技术和高效复合泡沫灌注技术,构建了满足不同灭火需要的多功能一体化防灭火系统。以千秋矿为例,21201工作面采空区与高冒复合火区的快速治理,整个灭火过程仅用了7天时间,为防止灾害影响范围扩大化、尽快恢复生产奠定了基础。

  5. 浅谈贵州赫章彝族服饰%On the National Costumes of the YI People in Hezhang, Guizhou Province




  6. 彝族“撮泰吉”的巫术内蕴及其社会功能%Witchcraft Connotations of Yi Cuotaiji and Its Social Function



    Cuotaiji is a kind of extremely rich ancient witchcraft properties of exorcising opera. Cuotaiji witchcraft intrinsic optimism, to be good, such characteristics as subjectivity, at the same time Cuotaiji intrin⁃sic witchcraft culture has continuously strengthen the main body of self-worth, maintain social stability, strong social function.%“撮泰吉”是一种极富巫术性质的古傩戏“。撮泰吉”的巫术内蕴具有乐观性、向善性、主体性等特点,同时“撮泰吉”内蕴的巫术文化具有不断强化主体的自我价值,维护社会稳定的强大的社会功能。

  7. 艺术人类学视野下的巍山彝族打歌%Art Anthropological Perspective on the Dage Dance of the Yi in Weishan




  8. Grammatical Functions of Tonal Changes in Liangshan Speech Yi Language%变调在凉山彝语中的语法作用




  9. Geologic map of the Ahankashan-Rakhna basin, Badghis, Ghor, and Herat Provinces, Afghanistan, modified from the 1974 original map compilation of Y.I. Shcherbina and others

    Tucker, Robert D.; Stettner, Will R.; Masonic, Linda M.; Bogdanow, Anya K.


    This geologic map of the Ahankashan-Rakhna basin, Afghanistan, is a redrafted and modified version of the Geological map of the area of Ahankashan-Rakhna basin, scale 1:50,000 and Geological map of the Ahankashan area with data on mineral resources, scale 1:12,000 from Shcherbina and others (1974) (Soviet report no. 0822). That unpublished Soviet report contains the original maps and cross sections, which were prepared in cooperation with the Ministry of Mines and Industries of the Republic of Afghanistan in Kabul during 1974 under contract no. 50728 (Technoexport, USSR). The redrafted maps and cross sections in this USGS publication illustrate the geology of the Ahankashan and Rakhna basins, located within Badghis, Ghor, and Herat Provinces.

  10. 提问"意派":从我的经历出发%Questioning the Yi Pai(School of Mind):From My Own Experience



    @@ 1988年,我和秦玉芬在柏林居所分别完成了第一件装置作品.借此,我们约邻居,美国观念艺术家牛顿·海瑞森夫妇一起组织了一个聚会.这一天来的客人几乎都是居住在柏林的各国"海外精英",有些客人直到今天依然与我们一见如故.

  11. "意派论":突破与缺陷%The Yi Pai(School of Mind)Theory: Breakouts and Shortcomings



    @@ 在高名潞的理论构想中,"意派"实质由两个部分组成:一个是展览,一个是理论,两者相辅相成,互为补充.为了将它们有效地区分开,在本文中我将展览称为"意派",将理论称作"意派论".




    It may be safe to say that few places on earth can match the Nujiang Canyon in terms of cultural,ethnic and religious diversity.People of 14 ethnic groups live side by side peacefully in this southwest China area, where at least four religions,plus numerous folk beliefs,coexist in harmony,Four all this,plus a surpassing scenic beauty and a unique cultural heritage,people in their tens of thousands have come to see,to enjoy and ,above all, to be inspired.

  13. 敦煌遗书性爱和谐医方探析%On Medical Recipes of Sexual Harmony in DunHuang YiShu



    DunHuang medical recipes of sexual harmony were analyzed primarily from the principles of compatibility, medicinal principles, the types of preparations and the way of administration. Systematic study on literature of DunHuang medical recipes of sexual harmony not only can help the excavation of DunHuang medical literature, but also is valuable for current application of ancient recipes in andrology and gynecology of TCM as well as further study of TCM sexology.%从组方原则、用药原则、制剂类型、给药途径等方面对敦煌性爱和谐医方进行了医药学方面的初步分析探讨;指出对敦煌性爱和谐医方文献进行系统研究,不仅对敦煌医学文献的发掘整理有一定作用,而且对于中医临床男科、妇科疾病的古方今用及中医性医学的进一步研究具有参考、利用价值.

  14. Talking about narcissism complex in novels of Wang An-yi%论王安忆小说中"自恋"的情结




  15. Review on Bibliographical Work of Ancient Books in the Yi Nationality%彝族古籍目录工作述评




  16. Skin Isografting of The Segregating Inbred Strain of YuYi Hairless Mice%分离近交系YYHL小鼠的皮肤移植

    康巧珍; 章金涛; 凌雁; 李洪涛; 王纯耀



  17. Ordinary Scenes Illustrate SpecialAtmosp here under Their Brushes——Appreciating the art ofZhou Tao,Chen Yi and Zhang Xin


    In the past, many Chinese artists have beenafraid they would be criticized for lagging behindthe world in their conceptions. They are eager todo something unconventional or unorthodox. Theiractions are very similar with the trend Liu Xie

  18. Healthy City Oriented Community Planning/Wang Yi%健康城市导向下的社区规划



    Healthy city has been granted with new meanings in response to urban problems since 1980s, and as a movement it has been carried out globaly. Community is the basic unit and focus in healthy city development. The paper argues community planning shal focus on activity and ecology, and puts forwards evaluation and planning strategies: mixed land use by urban renewal;enhancement of local economy and employment; ful exertion of school’s social functions; healthy life by activity organization and transportation; reuse of resource and energy by departmental colaboration.%为应对城市化问题给人类健康带来的挑战,20世纪80年代学界赋予了健康城市新的内涵,并在全球展开了建设健康城市的行动。社区作为落实健康城市战略的基本单元,受到了广泛的关注。文章提出健康城市导向下的社区规划应关注满足活动需求与保护生态环境,并在此基础上提出了健康社区的评价和规划策略:以城市更新促进用地混合,提升社区经济与就业;通过合理选址与联合使用,发挥学校的社会效用;活动策划与交通组织相结合,引导健康生活方式;加强能源管理与部门协作,推进资源再利用。

  19. 《彝汉大词典》中拟声词的静态描写%The Static Description of Onomatopoeias in Yi-Han Dictionary




  20. On Characteristics of the Sainaimu Dance Forms in YiLi%《伊犁赛乃姆》艺术形态特点研究



    本文在田野调查基础上,对《伊犁赛乃姆》艺术形态特点进行了分析研究。梳理《伊犁赛乃姆》这一艺术形态的特点,辨别、认知、记录新疆伊犁维吾尔族这一特有的舞蹈文化资源,对维护新疆舞蹈文化的多样性,促进新疆多元文化的各美其美,实现我国文化生态的"美美与共"有着重要的意义和价值。%This passage mainly analyzes the characteristics of Sainaimu,a dance form rooted in Yili,Xinjiang Province based on fieldworks.The purpose of the study is to identify,record and understand the distinctive resources of dance culture among Uygur people in Xinjiang Province,which will benefit the protection of cultural diversity as well as promoting multi-cultures in the area of Xinjiang so as to achieve the goal of cultural harmony in China.

  1. On Yi LaoShe in SimingArea in the Southern Song Dynasty%南宋四明怡老社略论



    In Siming area in the Southern SongDynasty,There were a large number of bureaucratic group.When they retired,These officials organized many Poetry clubs such as Elderly-gentry-of-five Community,Elderly-gentry -of -eight Community,Old -men Respecting Community and etc.These organizations became the communication center. They had important influence on Siming social life.%南宋四明衣冠人物特盛,涌现了一大批官僚群体。这些官僚在致仕后纷纷结社,诸如五老会、八老会、六老会、尊老会等。这些社团数量多,影响大,往往是乡里交游网络中心,对乡里的社会生活建设发挥了重要的作用。

  2. Application of GPS Technique in Surveying of Yi-Bai Railway%GPS技术在伊白铁路测量中的应用




  3. The Design and Implementation of the "Tian Yi Cloud Address Book"%“天翼云通讯录”的设计和实现



    In order to meet the mobile Internet era of innovation, and actively promote the understanding of the mobile Internet, and more to participate in the transformation of the mobile Internet, which is a simple and necessary mobile ofifce change, that is, "Android mobile development", which is the combination of information technology and cloud storage technology and cloud storage technology, which is a combination of information technology and cloud storage technology, and cloud storage technology, and provide access to the Internet. Record of the maintenance of a single.%为了顺应移动互联网时代潮流的推进,中国电信福建公司需要从内部迸发创新、积极的力量,唤醒员工对移动互联网的认识,并更多地参与我司的转型浪潮,于是,一种简单而又必要的移动办公变革,即“天翼云通讯录”应运而生,其为“Android移动开发”技术与“云存储”理念相结合的信息化软件,通过“无干预”方式自动与云端连线同步用户专属的通讯录离线包,并提供常用的通讯录查询、短信、电话、添加联系人及来电识别功能,充分发挥了移动互联网时代高速、便捷特点,用于满足党政企事业单位员工内部联系交流的需要,并摆脱目前通讯录单机维护的种种困扰。

  4. 《词综补遗》阙文考补%Textual Research of the Missing Passage inCiZongBuYi



    As a large Ci collections, LinBaoHeng’sCiZongBuYiincluded a lot of writters and work in Ming and Qing Dynasties, which contained great literature value.However,there are a lot of problems in the book.The part of authors’ biography is significant.Through the careful research,we can supplement the missing passage of 34 authors’ biography,and correct the biography’s mistakes.%作为大型词集,林葆恒《词综补遗》一书辑录了大量的明清词人词作,极具文献价值。然而,书中存在不少问题,其中,词人小传部分阙文较为显著。今通过爬梳载籍,对34位词人的小传阙文加以考补,并对小传中存在的讹误予以纠正。

  5. Accurate Information, Virtual Reality, Good Librarianship Doğru Bilgi, Sanal Gerçeklik, İyi Kütüphanecilik

    M. Tayfun Gülle


    Full Text Available Departing from the idea that internet, which has become a deep information tunnel, is causing a problem in access to “accurate information”, it is expressed that societies are imprisoned within the world of “virtual reality” with web 2.0/web 3.0 technologies and social media applications. In order to diagnose this problem correctly, the media used from past to present for accessing information are explained shortly as “social tools.” Furthermore, it is emphasised and summarised with an editorial viewpoint that the means of reaching accurate information can be increased via the freedom of expression channel which will be brought forth by “good librarianship” applications. IFLA Principles of Freedom of Expression and Good Librarianship is referred to at the end of the editorial.

  6. Vascular Pharmacology of Mokuboito (Mu-Fang-Yi-Tang and Its Constituents on the Smooth Muscle and the Endothelium in Rat Aorta

    Seiichiro Nishida


    Full Text Available Pharmacological actions of Mokuboito and its constituents (Sinomenium acutum and sinomenine on rat aorta were examined. Mokuboito and S. acutum at lower concentrations (0.03–1 mg ml−1 contracted the non-loaded aorta, but at higher concentrations (1–3 mg ml−1, reversed to dilate it. The vasoconstriction was blocked by phentolamine (10 μM. Sinomenine failed to exhibit the vasoconstriction. On the other hand, Mokuboito and S. acutum dilated the NE (5 μM-induced vasoconstriction: at 3 mg ml−1, by 98.9 ± 2.5% (n = 6, P < 0.01 and 97.0 ± 4.8% (n = 6, P < 0.01. Vasorelaxation induced by Mokuboito and S. acutum was attenuated by indomethacin, L-NMMA and nicardipine. Propranolol decreased the vasorelaxation induced by Mokuboito, but not by S. acutum. Sinomenine also relaxed the constriction and at 100 μM, by 68.8 ± 5.1% (n = 7, P < 0.01. This vasorelaxation was attenuated by indomethacin, L-NMMA and nicardipine, and also by propranolol. Therefore, these results indicate that Mokuboito and its constituents exert both vasodilating actions mediated by endothelium-dependent mechanisms (PGI2 and NO from endothelium and by endothelium-independent mechanisms (Ca2+ influx control on smooth muscle cells. Simultaneously, Mokuboito and S. acutum cause the vasoconstrictions mediated through α-adrenoceptor stimulation, but not sinomenine. Also, Mokuboito and sinomenine possess β-adrenoreceptor stimulating action, but not S. acutum.

  7. Ms.Wu Yi inspected Lafarge Dujiangyan Cement CO.,LTD%吴仪视察都江堰拉法基水泥有限公司



    @@ 2004年8月14日上午,中共中央政治局委员、国务院副总理吴仪,在商务部副部长马秀红、四川省委副书记、常务副省长蒋巨峰,四川省委常委、成都市委书记、市人大主任李春城,主管工业旅游的副省长王怀臣,成都市委副书记、市长葛红林,以及都江堰市委书记张宁生,市长刘俊林等人的陪同下,视察了都江堰拉法基水泥有限公司.

  8. 建筑结构加固设计软件YI-UZ-2008——增大截面加固与软件设计

    黄振华; 方东; 陈斌; 罗洪辉



  9. 谈安娜与蘩漪悲剧的相同之处%The Similarities of Tragedy of Anna and Fan Yi




  10. Characteristic Study of Xujiang Physician WEI Yi-lin's Throat Academy%旴江名医危亦林喉科学术特点初探

    卢嫏环; 谢强


    As a famous Physician in Xu Jiang , Wei Yilin once learned form the earliest throat doctor Fan Shuqing and then wrote the China's earliest throat volume titled Effective Formulae Handed down for Generations · 17th volume· Tongue and throat.Wei's Clinical debate is unique in laryngeal document , initiating 18 kinds of sore-throat syndromes .His particular therapy guides acupuncture of the throat, insufflating medicinal powder and Small bamboo tubes blowing medicine .This particular therapy reflects his unique clinical style in the combination of acupuncture with medicine , and of internal therapy with external one , which has an important influence on the clinical.%元代旴江著名医学家危亦林,曾随我国最早的喉科医家范叔清学习喉科,撰成我国最早的喉科专卷《世医得效方·卷第十七·口齿兼咽喉科》。危氏喉科临证辨治独特,首创咽喉18种喉风证,创导咽喉口腔的患部针刺(喉针)、吹药(喉药)、小竹管吹药(喉枪)等特色疗法,反映了其针药结合、内外兼治的临证独特风格,至今对临床仍有着重要的指导意义。

  11. 宜兴紫砂泥料性能研究%Study on Material Properties of Purple Pottery Clay in YiXing

    江夏; 吴隽; 张茂林; 吴军明; 李其江; 郁永彬; 梁铎; 方涛



  12. 难忘岁月余贻骥回忆录(选登四)%An indelible journey of life The memoirs of YU Yi-ji


    @@ 第五篇归国就业造纸企业十年 南下广州两年(1955-1956) 奉调广州造纸厂工作 我于1954年末被轻工部调离营口造纸厂,于1955年初到广州造纸厂担任主任工程师,负责生产技术领导工作.

  13. Study on the Identification Method of TLC for Granule of Yi-shen-ling%益肾灵颗粒的薄层色谱鉴别研究

    张府君; 冯贞; 杨兴鑫; 李晓妮



  14. Study on Farmland Use Change and Driving Force in the High and Cold Areas in Northwest Yunnan——A Case Study of Ninglang Yi Autonomous County


    On the basis of overview of the study area,by analyzing the dynamic change of farmland in Ninglang County,we can find that the farmland area in this county tended to decrease from 1996 to 2008.According to the investigation data concerning land change provided by Bureau of Land and Resources in Ninglang County and socio-economic data provided by Bureau of Statistics in Ninglang County,we select 11 indices,such as total population,GDP,total output value of county and so on,coupled with SPSS statistical method,we adopt principal component analysis method to analyze driving force factors of farmland use change in the high and cold areas in Northwest Yunnan.The results show that the two factors of economic development and population growth are the dominant driving factors impacting farmland use change,and the policy factors,such as "returning farmland to forests",are also the important driving factors impacting Ninglang County.

  15. On the thought of beauty of harmony in traditional Chinese aethetics integrating Confucianism, Daoism and Yi--Simultaneously on the fusion of Confucianism, Daoism and Yi%论易儒道交融的中国古代和谐美思想




  16. On Application of Philological Rules to Correct Shuo Wen Jie Zi: Yi Qie Jing Yin Yi Yin Shuo Wen Jian as an Example%运用语言文字规律校勘《说文解字》刍议——以《一切经音义引说文笺》为例



    One of the important methods in correcting Shuo Wen Jie Zi is the philological rules,usually including pictographic and referential semantics,systemic philology,and graphemic derivation.The semantic analysis of characters should make clear the distinction between pictographic purpose and referential meaning.Systemic philology should take a diachronic viewpoint on graphemic deviation,which is seldom used in Shuo Wen Jie Zi.%语言文字规律是校勘传世《说文解字》的一个重要手段,这其中常用的是造意和本义规律、文字系统性规律和字形分化规律。考察字义说解要正确区分体现构形意图的造意和表示词义的本义,运用文字系统性规律要注意由字形发展导致的规律的时代性问题,利用形声字分化规律则应正视它在《说文解字》中应用得并不普遍这一事实。

  17. From the prespective of WEIXi’ s YiFuShuo, The reason Wh y the Gentry of Ming and Qing Dynasties encouraged YiFu%从魏禧《义夫说》看明清士绅推崇义夫之目的



    Absrtact: Representatives of WEIxi for the gentry consider that to rewarded Yifu can encourage Jiefu .To set up inequality re-ward model with wide applicability at last .There is the way to realize the idealistic Confucianism .The relationship requite favours Corresponding Inequality repayment between husband and wife is as different as the honor of shouyi with duty of shoujie .As a result of Yifu’ s substance is under an exclusive contraction for chastity , predominant position of Male is reducted in this process .%以魏禧为代表的士绅认为,奖义夫可以劝节妇,最终树立具有广泛适用性的倾斜性报偿关系,进而达到儒家理想主义的家庭模式。与夫妇报偿的不平等相对照的是守义荣誉和守节义务的差异。由于义夫的实质是排他性的贞洁关系,男性的主体地位在这一过程中有所弱化。

  18. Dicty_cDB: SHK837 [Dicty_cDB

    Full Text Available s kfksnniqf*ikpkpnspiynqiinlylvivfvlvsshlqylstifffyf*yi*nk*ink *kksk*llnyfln Translated Amino Acid sequence ...rkeii*tpth*mlfqrty*lntis kfksnniqf*ikpkpnspiynqiinlylvivfvlvsshlqylstifffyf*yi*nk*ink *kksk*llnyfln Frame B:

  19. Dicty_cDB: CHR316 [Dicty_cDB

    Full Text Available ikpkpnspiynqiinlylvivfvlvsshlqylstifffyf*yi*nk*ink *kksk*llnyflnf Translated Amino Acid sequence (All Frames...mlfqrty*lntis kfksnniqf*ikpkpnspiynqiinlylvivfvlvsshlqylstifffyf*yi*nk*ink *kksk*llnyflnf Frame C: *paisn**R

  20. Dicty_cDB: SHL244 [Dicty_cDB

    Full Text Available tlf iwl*krsktk*klfl*frkeii*tpth*mlfqrty*lntiskfksnniqf*ikpkpnspi ynqiinlylvivfvlvsshlqylstifffyf*yi*nk*ink*k...skfksnniqf*ikpkpnspi ynqiinlylvivfvlvsshlqylstifffyf*yi*nk*ink*kksk*llnyflnf Frame C: c*fsiqg*tl*lyl*ylfftrn

  1. Health Information in Chamorro (chamoru): MedlinePlus

    ... and Theirs - English Chule este dikiki na pasu pago Putno hu nina'yi ni' Daibites - chamoru (Chamorro) ... and Theirs - English Chule este dikiki na pasu pago Putno hu nina'yi ni' Daibites - chamoru (Chamorro) ...



    Top Forex Regulators Shuffled Yi Gang, a scholar-turned-official, has been named director of the State Administration of Foreign Exchange (SAFE), replacing Hu Xiaolian. Yi, 51, received a phD at the University of Illinois

  3. An Exploration on the Social Psychology of the Yi’ s “Sigei”

    XU Ming


    The Liangshan Yi area located in southwest Sichuan is the largest area inhabited by the Yi in China .The social life of the Yi reflected a spirit of mutual support , mutual aid and coopera-tion, as well as mutual sharing among the family clan ( jiazhi ) .However , there was both unity and conflict among various clans .The focus of the so-cial conflict existing in the Yi society was related to the people ’ s view on value and benefit , including power, wealth, and honor.Another characteristic of the Liangshan Yi was their esteem for fighting . How does the Liangshan Yi explain the interper-sonal violence in their society?The key factor was“honor”.The Liangshan Yi accepted a concept of honor which encouraged man to use violence .The Yi believed that a man who was worthy of getting respect must demonstrate his brave spirit and take physical revenge ( including Sigei [ suicide ] ) if he was insulted by others .



    Crab Dinner at Yi Pin Restaurant, Minzu Hotel In the golden autumn of October, the Yi Pin Restaurant at Minzu Hotel will offer grand crab dinners. Indulge yourself at the Yi Pin Restaurant,where the master chef has a unique approach to preparing luscious hairy

  5. The Einstein-Kahler metrics on Cartan-Hartogs domain of the first type

    WANG An


    Let YI be the Cartan-Hartogs domain of the first type. We give the generating function of the Einstein-Kahler metrics on YI, the holomorphic sectional curvature of the invariant Einstein-Kahler metrics on YI. The comparison theorem of complete Einstein-Kahler metric and Kobayashi metric on YI is provided for some cases. For the non-homogeneous domain YI, when K = mn+1/m+n, m > 1, the explicit forms of the complete Einstein-Kahler metrics are obtained.

  6. 四川凉山地区黄褐斑患病率调查%Prevalence of melasma in Chinese Han and Chinese Yi: A survey in Liangshan district

    王仁利; 徐忠; 唐英; 张建中; 王婷琳; 曹力生; 沈佚葳; 周城; 丁晓岚; 郑德琴; 归冰; 朱兴采


    目的 探讨凉山地区黄褐斑发病规律及危险因素.方法 采用整群抽样调查方式入户调查.结果 共调查2756人,发现黄褐斑总患病率13.61%,标化患病率13.42%.男性患病率8.33%,女性患病率17.98%,女性明显高于男性(P<0.01).彝族黄褐斑患病率21.43%,汉族黄褐斑患病率9.76%,彝族显著高于汉族(P<0.01).彝族男性患病率14.18%,汉族5.40%,彝族男性患病率显著高于汉族男性(P<0.01);彝族女性患病率为27.53%,汉族13.33%,彝族明显高于汉族(P<0.01).结论 凉山地区黄褐斑发病率为13.61%,其中彝族显著高于汉族,女性高于男性.

  7. Application of Post tensioning Pre - stressing Technique in Zheng Xiang Yi Pin Project%后张有粘结预应力技术在正祥一品工程中的应用



    本文以福州正祥·一品商务汇购物广场项目为工程背景,介绍了后张预应力技术在该工程中的应用。%In this paper, based on a shopping mall project named Fuzhou Zheng Xiang Products Business Department, the application of post tensioned pre - stressing technique was introduced.

  8. 略论丁夏畦,丁毅近著《Hermite展开与广义函数》%Remark on Xiaqi Ding and Yi Ding's book Hermite Expansions and Generalized Functions

    黄飞敏; 王振


    对丁夏畦、丁毅著一书进行简单的评述.该书是 Schwartz 广义函数理论的最新研究发展.其理论的独创之处是运用Hermite 函数展开理论研究Schwartz速降函数空间及其上的Schwartz 广义函数.

  9. 《易经》要义与餐饮管理艺术%Main Idea of 《Yi Jing》( The Book of Changes) and Food and Beverage Management Arts




  10. Personal temperament and ups and downs in government circles——Centred around Yi Xin's political career%个人气质与政坛浮沉——以奕的政治生涯为中心




  11. Influence of Yi Jing on Creation of Binary Arithmetic That Leibniz Owned Priority%《易经》的"影响"与莱布尼茨的"优先权"

    朱新春; 朱光耀



  12. Marketing to Get Better Mileage from Your Resource / Kaynağınızdan Daha İyi Randıman Almak için Pazarlama

    Zuzana Helinsky


    Full Text Available The article gives us an insight in marketing in the library. It shows why marketing is necessary and how the competition is growing even in our surroundings. This paper argues from a marketing point of view why it should be involved in all library routines. The article shows the difference between internal and external marketing. The article discusses some marketing tools, which are especially suitable for libraries. It also emphasises that everybody at the library should be involved directly or indirectly in the marketing.

  13. 艺术人类学视野下彝族花鼓舞的现代性复兴%On Modern Revival of Yi People's Drumming Dance from the Perspective of Anthropology of Art




  14. English Learning Anxiety of Middle School Students of Han, Naxi and Yi Nationali Ties%汉族、纳西族、彝族中学生英语学习焦虑状况调查

    杨洪猛; 于萍; 傅金芝


    Horwitz等人认为:“外语焦虑(Foreign Language Anxiety)是一种产生于外语学习过程和课堂外语学习相联系的有关自我知觉、信念、情感和行为的独特的综合体”。国内有研究表明,大学生或中学生学英语时其焦虑状态存在,且焦虑程度较为严重。本文采用Horwitz等人的理论及量表,对云南省的

  15. 从《黄绣球》看颐琐的妇女解放思想%A Review of Yi Suo's Thoughts about Women Liberation as Seen in Huang Xiu Qiu




  16. 龙血竭治疗老年彝族患者Ⅲ期以上褥疮疗效评价%Effect of resina draconis in the treatment of elderly patients of Yi with pressure ulcers after Ⅲ period

    邹红; 郭续文


    目的 观察龙血竭胶囊粉治疗Ⅲ期、Ⅳ期褥疮的疗效.方法 38例老年彝族患者随机分为观察组与对照组,观察组用龙血竭胶囊粉末与75%酒精调成糊状,涂抹在疮面及周围,无菌纱布覆盖,每天换药1~2次;对照组用利福平胶囊粉末同法湿敷.4周为一疗程.结果 观察组有效率94.74%,对照组有效率84.21%,观察组治愈时间明显短于对照组.两组疗效、治愈时间比较差异有统计学意义.结论 使用龙血竭治疗Ⅲ期、Ⅳ期褥疮简单易行、经济实惠、治疗效果好,值得临床推广应用.

  17. The First Chinese Translator of Pushkin's Works——JI YI- hui and Pushkin%普希金"初临中土"的向导——戢翼翚与普希金




  18. Retraction: 'rhBNP therapy can improve clinical outcomes and reduce in-hospital mortality compared with dobutamine in heart failure patients: a meta-analysis' by Ming-Yi Lv, Shu-Ling Deng and Xiao-Feng Long.


    The above article, published online on 28(th) November 2015 in Wiley Online Library (, and in volume 81, pp. 174-185, has been retracted by agreement between the authors, the journal Editor in Chief, Professor A Cohen, and John Wiley & Sons Limited. The retraction has been agreed owing to evidence indicating that the peer review of this paper was compromised. The authors were unaware of the actions of the third party responsible for compromising the peer review. Reference Lv M-Y, Deng S-L, Long X-F. rhBNP therapy can improve clinical outcomes and reduce in-hospital mortality compared with dobutamine in heart failure patients: a meta-analysis. Br J Clin Pharmacol 2016; 81: 174-85. doi:10.1111/bcp.12788.

  19. Ergenlerin Öznel İyi Oluşlarıyla Aile Ortamları Arasındaki İlişkinin İncelenmesi

    ERYILMAZ, Yrd. Doç. Dr. Ali


    The Relationship Between Adolescents’ Subjective Well-Being and Family EnvironmentThis study examines the association between family environment and subjective well-being among Turkish adolescents. The participants of the study include a total of 252 adolescents (128 male and 124 female). The ages of them range between 14 and 17. The data of the study were obtained through the use of the Adolescents’ Subjective Well-Being Scale and Family Environment Scale. The data were analyzed through usin...

  20. On dolorous Pain--critique of YiShu's love stories%亦秀亦豪 哀而不怨--评亦舒的爱情小说




  1. “三焦”针法与“益气调血,扶本培元”%"Sanjiao" acupunture and "YiQi TiaoXue, FuBen PeiYuan"

    张鑫; 罗本华; 蔡攀; 尚磊; 韩景献; 于建春



  2. "Tibetan-Yi-Corridor" and its Meaning and Practice in the Study of Ethnomusicology%民族音乐学在"藏彝走廊"研究中的意义与实践




  3. Study on condition of separation of caproic acid bateria from the mud in yi Li Lao jiao%伊力老窖泥中己酸菌分离培养条件的试验研究




  4. G4高速公路湖南耒宜段大修工程路面结构方案设计%Pavement Structure Design of LeiYi Expressway Overhaul Engineering

    吴超凡; 黄治湘; 张继森


    This paper introduces the original variety of Leiyi Expressway pavement structure,traf-fic flow and pavement damage.According to the pavement structure specific,traffic flow and axle load disparity of the road,using a technical and economical comparison,the original continuous reinforced concrete pavement overlay asphalt concrete pavement structure,the original ordinary cement concrete and reinforced concrete pavement overlay continuously reinforced concrete composite pavement,milling and overlay single or bunk asphalt pavement layer on the original asphalt pavement,the original asphalt pave-ment overlay situ thermal regeneration after single and double bituminous surface layer structure.%介绍了耒宜高速公路原路面的多种路面结构与交通流量及路面损害情况,针对具体的路面结构与左右幅交通流量与轴载的悬殊差异,经技术经济比较,采用了在原连续配筋混凝土路面上直接加铺沥青混凝土路面结构;在原普通水泥混凝土与钢筋混凝土路面上加铺连续配筋混凝土复合式路面;在原沥青路面上进行铣刨加铺单层沥青面层与双层沥青面层、对原沥青路面进行就地热再生后加铺单层与双层沥青面层结构。

  5. 黔西北彝族民间音乐文化的认知与保护%On the Understanding and Protection of the folk Music Culture of Yi Nationality of the Northwestern Guizhou Province



    认知与保护对少数民族民间音乐文化来说,是一对紧密相关的因果问题。没有对少数民族民间音乐文化生存根基的深层认知,没有对少数民族民间音乐文化传承主体"文化自觉"行为的准确把握,少数民族民间音乐文化的保护行为就是不全面和不彻底的。20世纪80年代以来,由于外来文化和现代化建设等因素的影响,黔西北彝族民间音乐文化产生和生存的环境正在急剧变化,很多传统民间音乐文化正在蜕变,一些几十年、十几年甚至几年前还普遍存在的传统音乐形式,目前已处在濒临消亡的境地。因此,对黔西北彝族民间音乐文化的认知与保护刻不容缓。%Understanding and protection of the minority folk music culture,is a pair of closely related problems.No on minority folk music culture survival soil understanding,no of minority folk music culture inheritance subject cultural consciousness behavior of accurate grasp,minority folk music culture protection act is not comprehensive and thorough.Since 1980s,because of foreign culture and Chinese modernization influence,the original living environment for folk music culture is changing in Northwest Guizhou.A lot of traditional folk music cultures are changing qualitatively.Many traditional music forms which commonly ex-isted some decades,dozens or even a few years ago are now close to withering away.Therefore it is an im-portant and urgent subject to protect and develop the folk music culture in the northwestem Guizhou.

  6. Reliability and validity analysis of JinYi Psychomotor Test Battery(JPB)%津医精神运动成套测验(JPB)的信度和效度分析

    高岩; 钱明; 王栋


    目的:通过对津医精神运动成套测验的信度和效度的统计分析,考查它的可靠性和真实性.方法:用EP16统计软件对3 432名常模样本进行统计分析.常模样本取自16个省的7~14岁儿童,城市儿童1 690名,农村儿童1 742名,男女各半.分别进行信度和效度检验,得出再测信度、同时效度、结构效度、内容效度及实证效度等指标.结果:复测信度r=0.45~0.93;同时效度r=0.19~0.51;各项测验之间相关系数r=0.009~0.397;各年龄组间差异明显;经临床试用具有较好的特异性.结论:JPB是测量精神运动功能的有效工具,有较好的信度和效度.

  7. Xu Yi Jian Zhi (Sequence to Curious Tales ), Written Against a Background of Cultural Fusion of Ethnic Minorities%民族文化融合背景下的《续夷坚志》




  8. 梁士诒策划中国参加第一次世界大战始末%The Whole Story that Liang Shi - yi Plot China to Enter World War I




  9. Beş Faktör Kişilik Özellikleri ve Öznel İyi Oluş = The Five Factor Personality Traits and Subjective Well-Being

    Tayfun DOĞAN


    Full Text Available The aim of this research is to analyze the relations between personality traits and subjective well-being. The number of the participants of the research was 234 (98 women/136 men. The age range of the study group was 18-61. The Oxford Happiness Scale-Short Form and the Big Five Personality Scale were used. Findings showed that there was a significantly negative relationship between neurotic personality trait and subjective well-being. Findings also revealed that there were positive relationships between subjective well-being and extraversion, conscientiousness, agreeableness, openness. Besides, it was found that neurotic personality trait was a negative and extraversion was a positive predictor of subjective well-being.

  10. 命运与主张主张与命运——罗贻先生的艺术选择%Fate and Advocacy Advocacy and Fate——Mr. Luo Yi's Artistic Choice



    @@ 一 上世纪50年代末,全球冷战初起.社会主义阵营内部中苏两国同志加兄弟的关系理应抱得更紧,可惜苏联老大的架子越端越大,叫人没法忍受,终落得彼此开骂拆台,中方赔款.据说周总理运去几车皮猪尾巴当场焚毁,让对方见识了一回小弟弟的气节.后来日本人在红场溜冰遭人撞,背上只好贴块太阳旗.

  11. 易白沙评孔扬墨对新文化运动的贡献%Yi Baisha's Contributions to the New Culture Movement in His Comment of Confucius and Advocacy of Mozi




  12. The Understanding of Forests Values in Life Practice of Lalu Yi Nationality in Bo Village from the View of Ecological Anthropology%波村腊鲁彝族森林观的生态人类学解读




  13. 曾侯乙钟磬与中原钟磬之比较%Comparison of the Zeng State Marquis Yi Bells and Stone Chines with Their Counterparts in the Central Plains



    Among the 125 pieces of musical instruments from Zenghouyi Tomb, bronzechimes and chime stones occupy four fifth, while more than one thousand pieces of bronzechimes and chime stones have been found in the Central Plains. This paper, based onthe analysis of composition, designs and temperament of bronze chimes and chime stones,proposes that the bronze chimes and chime stones from Zenghouyi Tomb originated fromthe Central Plains and thus belonged to the musical tradition of the Central Plains.

  14. Effects of Group Training on Chronic Stress Responses by YiKong Skill%移空技术小组活动对慢性应激反应的干预效果

    夏宇欣; 吴晓云; 刘天君


    目的:探讨移空技术小组活动对慢性应激反应的干预方式与效果.方法:61名入组被试分别进入实验组和对照组(实验组31人,对照组30人).对实验组进行为期4周,每周1次,每次2小时的小组活动;对照组不做任何处理.在小组活动开始前、结束时及结束后3个月、6个月对两组被试施测抑郁自评量表、焦虑自评量表、状态-特质焦虑量表及症状自评量表.结果:①实验组被试有23人参加完小组活动并完成所有测试,对照组被试有26人最终完成所有测试;②实验组在所有量表得分均值上即时后测、三个月后测及六个月后测均显著低于前测得分(P均小于0.01);③对照组在所有量表得分均值上即时后测、三个月后测、六个月后测与前测得分均值的差异均未达到统计显著(P均大于0.05).结论:移空技术小组活动对慢性应激情境下个体心身症状的缓解具有明显的干预效果.%Objective:To explore the accesibility and the effects of group training of Yikong skills which derived from Chinese Qigong practice and based on the concrete thought theory.Methods:61 persons participated in the study.Among these people,31 persons participated in the experimental group,others in the control groups.Group training was given to the experimental group onces a week for 4 weeks; the control group did not receive any training.All the subjects were tested with SDS,SAS,STAI and SCL-90 when the group training was started,finished,3 months and 6 months after it was finished.Results:①In the experimental group,23 subjects finished all activities and testing.In the control group,26 subjects finished all of them.②In the post-test and tracing-test,the scores of all mentioned above of the experimental group were significantly lower than before group training,whereas there was no significant difference in scores from the control group.Conclusion:As a form of intervention,group training has great positive effect on improving the subjects' chronic stress response of physical and mental symptoms.

  15. The Markets of the Nuosu/Yi Area in Southwest China and their Modernity%中国西南诺苏(彝)地区的集市与现代性



    施坚雅(G.william Skinner)在汉族地区所做的定期集市研究成为了学界的一种典范模式,但是极少人去思考该模式在汉区以外的少数族群中的应用问题.20世纪80年代以来,四川凉山诺苏(彝族)地区兴起了不少农村定期集市,给当地带来了巨大的社会变迁.考察诺苏传统文化与与市场制度的互动,使我们看到了诺苏的生活面貌呈现出的转型.

  16. A Study on Agriculture Biodiversity in the Mountainous Area of Yi Nationality%彝族传统山地农作的生物多样性智慧研究

    赖毅; 严火其



  17. Effect of Uygur medicine Yi-Mu-Sa-Ke on erectile function of male rats%维药伊木萨克片对大鼠阴茎勃起功能的影响

    阿地力江·伊明; 茹仙古丽·莎吾尔; 张盼盼; 沙地克·沙吾提; 凯赛尔江·多来提; 甘子明



  18. Clinical Analysis of Kazakh Children Who get IDA in XinJiang YiLi%新疆伊犁哈萨克族儿童缺铁性贫血住院患儿临床分析

    努尔古丽·吾拉孜霍加; 古娜娜·托列提别克


    Objective To analyze the reason why kazakh children get iron deficiency anemia. The relevant factors are analyzed,then some measures and suggestions are put forward. Methods For the children who get IDA since January 1st, 2010 to December 31 ,2013. Among the 216 children who get IDA, there are 160 kazakh children in our hospital. So the age, place, feeding patterns and complicated infection were analyzed by statistical research. Results The kazakh children who get IDA is higher than infants, which accounted for 69%. The rural children is higher than that of urban children, and the degree of anemia is high. Among the 160 children who get IDA, there are 108 rural children, account-ed for 67.5%. 52 for urban children, accounted for 32.5%. But there is no time to add complementary breastfeeding causes IDA prevalence accounted for 74%. 160 Kazakh inpatients with IDA, the number of complications associated with infection (126/160,78.75%), which most patients with respiratory tract (90/160,56.25%). Conclusion The rate of children with nutritional iron deficiency anemia is high, we should improve the livling environment and eating habits of children. diet balance to ensure the healthy growth of children.%目的:分析导致哈萨克族儿童缺铁性贫血的原因。对相关因素进行分析并提出预防措施及建议。方法对该院2010年1月1日—2013年12月31日收治的216例缺铁性贫血(IDA)患儿,其中160例哈萨克族患儿的发病年龄、居住地、喂养方式、合并感染情况进行回顾性研究的统计学分析。结果该组中哈萨克族IDA患儿高发于婴幼儿占69.0%,农村儿童较城市儿童患病率高,贫血程度重,160例贫血患儿中108例为农村患儿占67.5%,52例为城市患儿占32.5%。母乳喂养但未按时添加辅食,导致IDA患病占74%。160例哈萨克族IDA住院病例中,有合并症者居多(126/160,78.75%)合并感染者(90/160,56.25%)之中呼吸道患者为多见。结论哈萨克族儿童营养性缺铁性贫血的发病率高,应积极改善儿童居住环境和饮食习惯。合理饮食,做好预防措施,保证儿童健康成长。

  19. Clinical Observation of Hyperlipemia Treated by Yi Xin Jian Nao Jiao Nang%益心健脑胶囊治疗高脂血症疗效观察



    目的:观察益心健脑胶囊临床疗效.方法:采用自身对照法观察疗效及血脂改善情况.结果:治疗30 d后,对TC、TG、HDL-C有效率分别为79.4%、76.6%、85.7%,治疗前后改善变化率分别为12.8%、21.8%、26.9%,P<0.01.结论:益心健脑胶囊是治疗高脂血症、预防血栓性心脑血管病较理想的药物.

  20. 周敦颐与“二程”的文学特点比较%Make a Study of Literary Character on the Zhou Dun-yi and Two Scholars of Surname Cheng



      Zhou Dunyi's gentleman personality took shape not only from his morality and behavior, but also being closely related his experiences of traveling, writing and art appreciation. The latter might have had equal if not greater influences. Article of Lotus love is a symbol of realizing his personality of elegancy. It is one of the best literature. Zhou's poems are known as sincere, elegant, vigorous and straightforward in the structure of Song Dynasty’s poetry. Zhou's personality and his heart of literature and poetry directly influenced Cheng Hao. Not only he acted like a mentor but he also sculptured Cheng as a poet with great success. Cheng Hao was a poet among Taoists that understood deeply about the spirit of natural scenes. Although his poetry usually contained mocking or bantering which lowered the beauty of it. The influences of Chengyi's personality restricted his love for literatures and arts. He indulged in Tao, with little polish of literature, his observation of literature and art was very shallow and unbalanced. He also rejected rhetoric literature or the expression of art. He didn't understand much art and lacked the experience of aesthetic judgment. He didn't have the experience in writing, nor could he have any understanding about himself, not mention to overtake himself. Therefore he could not go into the status of art appreciation but only remains in joking around.%  周敦颐的“君子人格”形成,既有其道德修养、立身行事的影响,也与徜徉山水,从事文学创作,通艺术,善审美的陶冶性情有关,而后者的影响不亚于前者。《爱莲说》是其人格外化的标志,风格清雅,是一流的文学艺术作品。他的诗歌以“真”、“清”、“劲”、“直”为特色,参与了宋诗风格的构建。周敦颐的性情和文心、诗心直接影响了程颢,不仅传其道,而且将程颢塑造成了诗人,使其取得了较大的成就。程颢是道学家中深得山水灵趣的诗人,不过他的诗也常有戏谑调侃甚至文字游戏的成分,减弱了诗美。程颐性情受其先天禀赋的影响,限制了他对文学艺术的喜爱。他潜心于道学,没有受到文学艺术的熏陶,也影响了性情,形成了肤浅、片面的文学艺术观,对文学修辞、艺术表达等持排斥态度;他不通艺术,缺乏充分的审美体验;他没有文学创作的经历,不能认识自我,超越自我,因此也不能进入鉴赏艺术作品的心理和精神状态,闹出不少令人啼笑皆非的笑话。

  1. The Group Counseling Design and Effectiveness of YiKong Skill-Based Stress Reduction%基于移空技术设计减压团体辅导方案的干预研究

    夏宇欣; 安莉娟; 刘雅琼; 张超凡


    According to the Chinese medical thought theory and embodied cognition theory, we designed a group counse-ling project which based on Yikong skill, and try to explore its effectiveness on stress reduction. Methods: 24 sub-jects participated in the study. Among these people, 12 subjects participated in the experimental group, others in the control groups. Group counseling was given to the experimental group once a week for 6 weeks; the control did not receive any counseling. All the subjects were tested with Chinese Perceived Stress Scale ( CPSS), Symptom Checklist-90 (SCL-90) and General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSES) when the group counseling was started, finished and 1 month after it was finished. Results: (1) After the group counseling, the SCL-90’s and CPSS post-test scores of experimental group were significantly lower than before, and the GSES post-test scores were significantly higher than before. Whereas there were no significant difference in scores from the control group on SCL-90、 CPSS and GSES. (2) In the tracing-test, the experiment group still had significant higher scores on these scales than before. Conclusions: As a form of intervention, this group counseling program has great positive effect on improving the subjects’ psychological physiological symptoms and their self-efficacy under the stress situation.%为检验在移空技术基础上设计而成的减压团体辅导方案的实践效果,选取24名大学生作为被试,分为实验组12名和对照组12名,对实验组进行连续6周、每周1次的团体辅导,对照组不干预。结果表明,实验组被试压力知觉和症状自评得分显著降低、自我效能得分显著提高,而对照组被试得分没有显著改变;追踪评估结果显示,团体辅导结束1个月后干预效果依然存在。由此可见,该项团辅方案可有效缓解压力所致心身症状,达到了设计预期。

  2. Reading notes of The collected biographies of South Man and Southwest Yi in the LaterHan Dynasty%读《后汉书·南蛮西南夷列传》札记

    王文光; 翟国强



  3. A Primer to Study I CHING(YI JING) and mathematical thoughts%《易学启蒙》中的数学史料与数学思想




  4. On the Influence of Yi-ology on the Ancient Chinese Legal Culture%简论易学对中国古代法律文化的影响



    I Ching:Book of Changes is the earliest book widespread in ancient China, and recognized as "the best of all the scrip- tures,the origin of all the schools of thought".Its rich content whereas plain wording help reserve historical materials in the ancient time and serve as a channel for later generations to study people's life then.In the text and commentaries of I Ching,plenty of le- gal phenomena and thoughts are recorded. For generations,practitioners of laws spare no efforts in studying the legal culture in it. Research of the legal culture in I Ching experienced a development process from suspicion to confirmation,from annotation to anal- ysis,from sporadic cases to unitary study.In the text of I Ching,many legal issues can be found,like "suit", "imprisonment", "sen- tence", "penalty',etc.The influence of I Ching on the legal society of ancient China will be analyzed by briefly introducing the symbolisms in hexagrams like Shibe,Xie,Bi,Feng and Lv.%《周易》是中国古代流传最早的成体系书,自古被誉为"群经之首,百家之源"。它的内容丰富,文字古朴,保留了许多上古的史料,亦给后人研究上古文化提供了便利。在《周易》经传文本里,记载了大量的法律现象和法律思想,经几代的法律人的共同努力,使《周易》的法律文化经过了"从疑到肯、从注到解、从零到整"的发展过程。在《周易》经传的文本里,记载着大量诸如"讼"、"狱"、"刑"、"罚"等法律现象。本文通过简述《周易》中《噬嗑》、《解》、《贲》、《丰》、《旅》等卦中的象辞,分析了易学文化对中国古代法制社会的影响。

  5. 从社会性别看贵州彝族宗教仪式%Analyzing Several Ceremonies of Guizhou Yi People's Religion at a Point of Sex View




  6. Syntactic,Semantic and Pragmatic Analysis of"yi+N1+N2"%"一+N1+N2"的句法、语义、语用分析




  7. 益髓灵胶囊治疗脊髓空洞症118例临床观察%Clinical obsorvation 118 cases of myelosyringosis treaded by YiSuiLing capsule

    许凤全; 陈金亮; 李永利; 黄涛


    @@ 脊髓空洞症(Syringomyelia,SM)是一种缓慢进展的脊髓变性疾病;西医多应用手术、神经营养药及维生素类药物进行治疗,疗效不甚理想.我院自1998年10月~2001年10月,应用中药益髓灵胶囊治疗脊髓空洞症118例,疗效满意,现报道如下.

  8. 伊犁地区边境线区域义务教育调研报告%Compulsory Education near Border Area of YiLi——An Investigation Report

    马萍; 蔡文伯; 王朋岗



  9. Human Factors' Influence on the Process of Tourism Destination Image Building: A Case Study of Yi County%区域旅游形象塑造中的人文要素分析——以黟县为例

    姚治国; 赵黎明


    The tourism destination image and perception is one of the hot points in research fields of tourism. The tourism image content is the most attractive point for destinations, and perceived tourism image is a key factor to convert travel motives to decision-making of tourism behavior. There are two systems in the process of regional tourism image building: one is endogenous variable system, and the other is exogenous variables system. Good humanistic factor is very important in the system of exogenous variables, which plays a key role in the process of destination image building including cognitive image, emotional image and overall image, and which has an important impact mechanism. 1 ) The source of information affects destination image perception. Tourists always response to the effective destination information, and tourism information range is wider, destination tourism image is more easy to be known. 2) The tourism destination management affects destination image recognition, the legal normative and regular management of tourism destination can make a good tourism image for all kinds of tourists, and a bad tourism management can bring a negative tourism image. 3 ) The cultural barriers affects destination image communication. Tourists have different cultural backgrounds compared with the local people, therefore, the image communication depended on how much cultural barriers existed in the process of travel. The mechanism of cultural barriers to tourism image building is to influence the spread of regional tourism image, if there is great cultural differences between tourists and hosts, the tourism cultural accessibility is small, culture spread and communication opportunity is less, the quality of experience will be not high; 4) The tourism services affect destination image memory. The comfortable tourism services improve the perception quality of tourism image and increase the revisit rate, instead, uncomfortable tourism services reduce the perception quality of destination tourism image. 5) The relationship between the host and tourist affects destination image modulation. A good relationship can optimize the destination tourism image, and a bad relationship can worsen primary destination tourism image.%区域旅游形象是目的地核心吸引力,形象感知是影响旅游动机转化为旅游决策的关键因子.区域旅游形象构建过程中存在两个系统,一个是内牛变量系统,一个是外生变量系统,目的地人文要素归属外生变量系统.目的地人文要素系统对旅游目的地认知形象、情感形象和最终形象均产生重要影响,影响机制为:①信息来源影响形象感应;②景区管理影响形象认知;③文化壁垒影响形象传播;④旅游服务影响形象记忆;⑤主客关系影响形象修正.

  10. Treatment of Galactorrhea by Yi Ru Tong Jing Wan: A Report of 32 Cases%抑乳通经丸治疗乳头溢液性疾病32例

    高美荣; 马杰; 王松鹤


    @@ 乳头溢液是在非哺乳期间发生乳头溢液,多属病理性表现。我院自1987年~1999年7月共收治乳头溢液症32例,现报道如下。 1 临床资料 本组32例均为已婚非哺乳期妇女,年龄28~72岁,平均年龄42岁,其中50岁以下31例(占97%);病程最短者1个月,最长者达20年;其中血性溢液8例,浆液性溢液10例,乳样溢液14例。

  11. 青弋江某特大桥箱梁零号块水化热温度场分析%Study on the hydration heat and temperature field in zero block of QingYi River Bridge

    陈志清; 刘荣桂; 蔡东升; 谢桂华


    通过有限元软件对青弋江某特大桥单箱三室预应力混凝土零号块箱梁进行水化热研究,根据现场记录的各测点的温度值与数值模拟结果对比分析,研究了预应力混凝土零号块箱梁在分层浇筑过程中温度变化和应力变化规律。结果表明:板越厚,温度越高,温度下降越缓慢;应力发生最大的部位位于横隔板与腹板的交界表面处、人洞表面处,对于分层浇筑,新旧混凝土处的横隔板与腹板的交界处是混凝土比较容易开裂的部位,横隔板与腹板交界表面处先受拉再受压,底板应力先受压后受拉。因此可以通过加强养护、布置温度钢筋等措施来改善混凝土内部的受力性能,为类似的工程提供参考。%The study of the hydration heat of the block zero of prestressed concrete box girder with a single box and triple cells of Qingyi River Bridge was done based on the finite element software. Base on temperature and numerical simulation results of field record-ing of each measuring point,the temperature change and stress variation of prestressed concrete box girder in a hierarchical block zero in the course of casting were analyzed. The results show that the thicker the board,the higher the temperature and more the temperature drops,the maximum stress occurs at the cross-junction of the surface of the separator and the web,also the surface of the people′hole. For the hierarchical placement,it is the old concrete crossbeam junction with the web that is easy to crack,crossbeam and web in-terface surface is under firstly tension and then bears pressure while the plate stress bears compression at first and then tension. There-fore,by strengthening the conservation,furnished temperature steel and other measures to improve the mechanical properties of con-crete. It can provide a reference for similar projects.

  12. An Analysis on the Folk Arts of Yi Female's Headwear%解析跨越千年的民俗艺术——凉山彝族女性头饰




  13. 用易经和八卦推出的元素周期表%Establishment of an Element Periodic Table Based on Chinese Ancient Philosophy Yi and Eight-Diagram

    吴玉婷; 吴茂钧



  14. The Environmental Impact and Protection of Straw Power Generation Projects - with Thermoelectric Biomass Energy Demonstration Project of LuYi as ExampleThe Environmental Impact and Protection of StrawPower Generation Projects - with Thermoelectric Biomass Energy Demonstration Project of LuYi as Example%秸杆发电建设项目环境影响与保护-以鹿邑生物质能热电示范工程为例




  15. Dicty_cDB: SHF485 [Dicty_cDB

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  18. 77 FR 44310 - Quarterly Publication of Individuals, Who Have Chosen To Expatriate, as Required by Section 6039G



  19. Dicty_cDB: SSA569 [Dicty_cDB

    Full Text Available 998. 7.21 Translated Amino Acid sequence q*yik*nc*knymgiyeniisr*nlilnyrhy*snsni*yi*iikkyfkkkik*k*liki kikiki...cid sequence (All Frames) Frame A: q*yik*nc*knymgiyeniisr*nlilnyrhy*snsni*yi*iikkyfkkkik*k*liki kikikik*np**

  20. China's 'recycling economy'

    Mehlsen, Camilla


    Climate change and sustainability are hot topics in China, but it is hard to find research addressing the outcomes of Education for Sustainable Development, says Associate Professor Yi Jin.......Climate change and sustainability are hot topics in China, but it is hard to find research addressing the outcomes of Education for Sustainable Development, says Associate Professor Yi Jin....

  1. Diplomatic Research: Thinking Strategically Marshal Chen Yi's Calling of the 1969 meeting for Deliberation of Issues Related to International Situation%重视外交调研善于战略思考 ——陈毅元帅召集1969年“务虚会”



    @@ 陈毅同志主持外交工作期间,一向高度重视调研工作.他经常强调,搞外交一定要认真分析形势,要"老谋深算",做到知彼知己,百战不殆.他每年都到外交部组织几次形势务虚会,把毛泽东思想的战略原则,运用到外交斗争之中,向中央提出对国际形势的看法和对外工作的建议,从而保证了我国外交工作的顺利开展.陈毅同志对如何做好外事调研工作,先后作过多次指示,对外事战线加强调研干部的培养,不断提高调研工作的质量,保证对外工作的顺利开展,起了重要的推动作用.

  2. 后现代精神困境中都市文化的现实主义回归%Urban Culture Realism Return in the Post-modern Spirit Dilemma: On Urban Femal in the Fiction by Sheng Ke-yi and the Image of Urban "Witch" at the Turn of New Century




  3. 论一叶诗的艺术特色及诗学传承--纪念抗日烈士王荫南殉难61周年%On the Artistic Characteristics and Transmission of Yi Ye's Poetry--To the Memory of the 61st Anniversary of the Death of the Anti-Japanese Martyr Wang Yinnan

    姚莹; 汤梓顺



  4. Application of Solar Wall to Remodeling Work for Architectural Energy Saving: Taking Yi-kun Logistics Office Building in Qingdao Bonded Zone as Example%太阳墙在怡坤办公楼节能改造中的应用

    郭清华; 夏斐



  5. 王逸《楚辞章句》述评——《历代襄阳名作家研究》系列论文之二%Wang Yi's ChuCiZhangJu Commentary The past dynasties Xiang Yang county writer studies two of series thesis

    周圣弘; 孟祥荣



  6. His face, voice as well as his noble personality will remain in our minds forever- In memory of comrade Fang Yi and his work at the CAS%音容宛在风范永存--忆方毅同志在中国科学院



    @@ 1997年10月17日晚,中央组织部一位领导来电话告知,方毅同志下午3时07分在北京医院去世,约我商谈撰写方毅生平事宜.噩耗传来,我木然地坐在电话机旁久久说不出话来.

  7. Dependence and Control: the Relationship between Rural School and Community in Yi-xue Period -Take the case of Daikin Village of Hunan Province%依附与控制:族塾义学时代的乡村学校与社区关系——以湖南大金村为例




  8. Hua Yi Metamorphosis:A Historical Study on Northeastern Russian Pidgin Language——Language Contact in Northeast Asia and%华夷变态:东北俄式洋泾浜语的历史钩沉——东北亚语言接触与都市语言建设研究

    杨春宇; 邵大艳


    As a special product of language contact,Pidgin language can also be traced in the Northeast.At the end of the 19th century,with the Russia's promotion of colonial policies such as building Middle East Railway in Manchuria and occupying Lushun and Dalian%洋泾浜语作为语言接触过程中的特殊产物,在中国东北中亦不乏其表现。19世纪末,随着沙俄在东三省修筑中东铁路、强占旅大等殖民政策的推进,在中东铁路沿线陆续形成一种特殊的语言现象,即俄式洋泾浜语。梳理这种俄式洋泾浜语在东北或消亡或残存之表现,分析其中的原因,论述从东北方言史中钩沉出这种语言接触特殊变异现象的意义,旨在为东北亚语言接触及都市语言规划与建设发展研究,提供个案的历史借鉴。

  9. 现代服装设计中民族服饰元素的运用——以永仁彝族服饰元素的现代运用为例%The practice of national costume elements in modern fashion design-Taking the modern application of Yi nationality in Yongren area as an example

    陈煜鑫; 郝云华



  10. Interpretation of Art Anthropology Minority Folk Dance in Yunnan——Hani, Yi dance music as an Example%云南少数民族民间乐舞的艺术人类学诠释 ——以哈尼族、彝族乐作舞为例




  11. 文化产业中民族文化的建构与现代意义——花腰彝女子舞龙的人类学分析%Construction of rational culture and its modern meanings in culture industry——Anthropological analysis on Huayao Yi women's dragon dance

    卢鹏; 张永杰



  12. Study on biodiversity of Yi nationality's homegarden in Yunnan Province-A case study from Yongzhao Village, Wuding County, Yunnan Province%云南彝族农户庭园系统生物多样性研究--以云南省武定县永兆村为例

    蔡传涛; 冯耀宗; 张智英



  13. "虎日"的人类学发现与实践--兼论《虎日》影视人类学片的应用新方向%A Probe into Effective Approaches to Civil Drug Control in the Yi Ethnic Region of Little Liangshan--On the development in a new direction of visual anthropology




  14. 實徵研究/家庭情境中的網路使用行為:多元面向的情境架構初探/陳怡蓁 │ Web-Using Behavior in Context of the Home Use Environment: Toward a Multidimensional Framework / Yi-Chen Chen

    陳怡蓁 Yi-Chen Chen


    Full Text Available 近年來,網際網路逐漸滲透人們的日常生活:在台灣,家中網路使用人口亦大幅增加,顯示我國民眾的家戶日常生活與網際網路之間已產生密切的關連。然 而,在過去的網路使用者行為相關研究中,較少以家庭為主要分析場域去討論家庭情境中的網路使用行為,因而引發本研究之動機。既然家戶是人們主要上網地點, 且家庭又是一個重要的社會互動單位;本文試圖將家庭視為一種資訊使用環境,從情境的概念來探索家庭網路使用環境下的情境面向,並且建立一個多元面向的情境 架構模式。本研究採用文獻分析法,彙整國內外相關研究,特別是有關家庭網路使用之實證研究:藉由對相關文獻的分析,一方面描繪出一般家庭的網路使用現況,一方面也試圖歸納出家庭環境對於網路使用行為提供了哪些情境面向,進而建構一家庭使用環境下的情境架構。言 研究結果發現,家庭作為資訊使用環境的情境層級,它既是實體空間環境,也是社會生活環境,提供人類資訊行為一組特定情境的面向:包含:環境本身的特性和社 會條件、環境中的空間配置、環境中的時間分配、環境中的參與成員、環境中的人際互動、以及環境中的資訊活動與需求。而且,這些面向並不是獨立運作的,是在 動態的框架中彼此產生關連。整體而言,As more people gain at-home access to the Internet, information behaviors on the Web has become embedded in everyday life. The objective of this study was to characterize the home as the context of information use environment level and to explore the framework of web-use behaviors in context at home. In this framework, the context of home use environment appears to be a multidimensional construct.In this paper, the author reviewed the literature and analyzed the empirical findings from Internet surveys, web user studies of the home environment, and information behavior studies of the context, etc. Based on the analysis, the author pointed out the multidimensional framework about the context of the home use environment.Findings indicated that the home provided a distinct information use environment beyond physical setting alone in which members used the Web for diverse purposes and interests. This framework is multidimensional, including the properties or conditions of the environment, space of the environment, time allocation of the environment, participants of the environment, social interaction of the environment, and information activities of the environment. A framework is being developed at present; however, future empirical research will be needed to determine the reliability of this finding.頁次:81-92

  15. Salmonella serotyping and molecular subtyping analysis on diarrhea cases in Hongkou District of Shanghai, in 2010-2012 ZHANG Jing1,SHEN Jing1,TANG Yi-ling1,CHEN Zhen1,YAO Hong1,WANG%上海市虹口区2010-2012年腹泻病例沙门菌监测及分子型特征

    张静; 沈静; 唐漪灵; 陈真; 姚红; 王斌; 汤显; 陈洪友; 许学斌


    Objective ] To study the molecular characteristics and antibiotic resistance of Salmonella diarrhea cases in sentinel hospitals through active surveillance system conducted by public health laboratory. [ Methods] Two sentinel hospitals were chosen for collection of stool specimens from food-borne infectious diarrhea cases and for Salmonella separation and detection immediately following serotyping and antimicrobial susceptible test ( AST ) on those isolates .Moreover , pulsed field gel electrophoresis ( PFGE) was used for the genetic homology analysis . [ Results] A total of 2 579 diarrhea specimens were collected and analyzed from 2010 to 2012, with 185 Salmonella isolates, covering 23 different serotypes (annual positive rates were 9.1%, 6.8%, 5.1%, with an average 7.2%).Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis(S.Enteritidis) and Typhimurium(S.Typhimurium) were the most common serotypes, of which 68.9% cases were seen in those aged 21 to 60 and 21.4% cases in those over 60 years old. 27.7%-96.9%S.Enteritidis and 2.6%-63.2% S.Typhimurium(P all <0.05) proved resistant to Nalidixic acid, Sultisoxazole, Streptomycin, Sulfamethoxydiazine, Gentamicinand Tetracycline. PFGE analysis on 22 S.Enteritidis strains showed 11 different clusters , while 20 S.Typhimurium strians showed 6. [Conclusion] S.Enteritidis and S.Typhimurium are the most common Salmonella serotypes, and molecular typing indicates the existence of clustering and sporadic outbreaks caused by dominance clones . We should be alert to early warnings on potential outbreaks of multiple-drug-resistant ( MDR ) S.Enteritidis.Active surveillance system based on public health laboratory should play an important role in the control of food-borne infectious diseases .%[目的]研究基于公共卫生实验室主动监测哨点医院沙门菌腹泻及优势菌型的耐药性和分子型特征。[方法]选择辖区内2家医院作为主动监测哨点,甄别食源性感染性腹泻的病例并采集粪便标本进行沙门菌培养、血清型鉴定和抗菌药物耐药性试验,通过脉冲场凝胶电泳( PFGE )分析优势菌型的遗传同源性。[结果]2010—2012年,共检测2579份标本,分离沙门菌185株(年度阳性率分别为9.1%、6.8%、5.1%,总阳性率为7.2%),涵盖23种不同血清型,最常见的为肠炎和鼠伤寒沙门菌。所有沙门菌感染病例的男女性别比为0.9∶1;肠炎和鼠伤寒沙门菌感染均以21~60岁(68.9%)和60岁以上(21.4%)者居多。肠炎和鼠伤寒沙门菌对萘啶酸、磺胺异噁唑、链霉素、甲氧嘧啶、庆大霉素、四环素等6种抗菌药物的耐药率分别为27.7%~96.9%和2.6%~63.2%,且肠炎沙门菌的耐药率显著高于鼠伤寒沙门菌(P值均<0.05)。22株肠炎和20株鼠伤寒沙门菌经PFGE各自分为11个和6个分子型。[结论]肠炎和鼠伤寒是区域内最常见的沙门菌腹泻菌型,分子分型提示存在优势克隆的聚集性爆发和分散爆发,应警惕多重耐药的肠炎沙门菌克隆株形成潜在爆发的风险。加强以实验室为基础的主动监测对控制食源性感染性腹泻具有重要的公共卫生意义。

  16. 益智合剂改善学习记忆和抗衰老作用的动物实验%Experimental studies on the effects of Nootropic Mixture (YiZhiHeJi) in improving studying & memorizing and fighting aging of Alzheimer diseased rats

    邱南; 席先成; 朱振铎; 赵书平; 崔德芝



  17. The New Evolution of Trademark Dilution Rules in Judicial Practice : On the "YiLi" Trademark Administrative Case%反淡化理论司法适用的新发展——评"伊利"商标异议复审行政纠纷案




  18. 旅游服务营销组合的"8Ps"理论与民族旅游商品营销--以彝族服饰旅游商品为例%8Ps Theory of Tourism Service Marketing and Marketing of Ethnic Tourism Commodities - Case Study of Marketing of Yi Nationality Costumes



    竞争激烈、市场细分和复杂程度的加大、顾客经验的日趋丰富要求旅游服务营销要更加关注游客的需求、旅游项目包装、活动策划以及重视并鼓励各种协作组织间的营销协作.Alastair Morrison教授在传统4Ps营销理论的基础上,提出了后4Ps理论,从而使旅游服务业营销理论更趋于完整和实用.后4Ps理念在彝族服饰旅游商品中的应用研究,为民族旅游商品的营销服务提供了一种可借鉴的营销策略.

  19. HFE基因多态与云南汉族、彝族和哈尼族原发性高血压的关联研究%Association of HFE gene tag SNPs with essential hypertension among the Han, Yi and Hani populations from Yunnan Province

    肖青; 李宝鑫; 李茜


    目的:探讨血色沉着病基因(hemochromatosis,HFE)标签单核苷酸多态(tag single nucleotide polymorphism,tag SNPs)与云南汉族、彝族和哈尼族原发性高血压发病的关联性.方法:采用病例-对照关联研究策略,运用聚合酶链式反应-限制性片段长度多态方法,对云南940例汉族人、598例彝族人和661例哈尼族人进行HFE基因5个标签SNPs(rs9366637、rs1799945、rs2071303、rs1800758、rs2858996)的多态进行检测.结果:检测到rs9366637位点在不同民族人群与高血压发病的关联性结果不一致.汉族整体人群和男性人群中,发现rs9366637位点C等位基因和CC基因型是高血压发病的风险因子;而在哈尼族混合和女性人群,发现该位点T等位基因和TT基因型是高血压发病的风险因子;在彝族人群,未发现rs9366637位点多态与高血压发生相关.此外,发现rs2858996 T等位基因和TT基因型在汉族整体和男性人群是高血压发病的保护因子.结论:HFE基因rs9366637和rs2858996位点可能是云南汉族和哈尼族高血压发生的易感标记,在云南汉族和哈尼族人群中值得关注.

  20. Poems with the History of the Pen History Reseroes Poetry Heart——Appreciation on Song of the gate of Yi%诗具史笔史蕴诗心——解析王维《夷门歌》




  1. Clinical Case-control Observation on Hypertension Treated by Bo Yi Ding Combined with Dan Shen Injection%波依定配合丹参注射液治疗高血压病的临床对照观察

    张谦; 任兵; 刘丹; 杨发文


    @@ 高血压病是中老年人的一种常见病,临床表现主要有血压升高、头痛头晕、胸闷心悸、肢软乏力等.我们单独应用波依定与波依定配合丹参注射液治疗本病,观察其临床疗效,现报道如下:

  2. 金源人物风流散,易代臣搜普济方--《续夷坚志》的故国之思%With the Decline and Fall of Jin Dynasty,Yuan Haowen Haowen Explored Feasible Salvage Conception for Civilian---Nostalgia of“Xu Yi j ianzhi”



    Hong Mai of Song Dynasty writed mystery novel“Xu Yijianzhi” ,Yuan Haowen in Jin Dynasty composed its sequels“XuYijianzhi”in his later years .It includes a series of vivid account of the social phenomenon of Jin Dynasty and early Yuan with profound ideological and artistic features .This article discusses the nostalgia of“Xu Yijianzhi”through its text analysis ,including criticism of the war ,celebration of the government and the public ,which keeps the old state literatures and records local conditions .%《续夷坚志》是元好问晚年撰写的一部笔记小说集,书名承袭南宋洪迈所著《夷坚志》。其虽为志怪小说,却生动记述了金末元初的社会现象,具有深刻的思想和艺术特点。通过对《续夷坚志》进行文本分析,论述了其中体现出来的作者的故国之思。元好问极力反对战争,赞扬优秀的官民,尽力留存旧邦文献,记录风土人情,用一种独特的方式把对故国的怀恋倾注于小说的字里行间。

  3. 彝族的太阳英雄——试从神话原型角度分析彝族神话中的支格阿龙%Sun-Hero of Yi Nationality——An Archetypal Analysis of Zhigealong in Their Myth




  4. Yi and Gui are derived from the same origin: recognition of the integrated control measures for Diabetic disease with eyes and kidney microangiopathy%从“乙癸同源、肝肾同治”谈糖尿病眼肾微血管病变综合防治的新思路

    马纲; 牛永宁; 柴可夫; 齐方洲


    文章从“肝肾同源”的理论视角审视中医药综合防治糖尿病微血管病变,以糖尿病视网膜病变和糖尿病肾病为例,探讨二者生理病理、病因病机的密切联系,结合现代医学研究成果,阐释了糖尿病微血管病变存在的共同病理机制,分析了当前临床上糖尿病并发症防治现状,提出糖尿病微血管病变“肝肾同源,眼肾同治”的中医药防治观念和治疗方法,为进一步发挥中医药特色、提高糖尿病并发症疗效提供新的思路.%Not only in the sight of TCM theory of ‘hepatorenal homology',diabetic retinopathy and diabetic nephropathy were closely related.Modern medical research results also indicated numerous similarities among those complications of diabetic microangiopathy.Therefore treatment of diabetic retinopathy and nephropathy with eye-kidney therapy would have a better curative effect.The author discussed and advocated this new principle of diabetic microangiopathy TCM treatment in this article,in order to explore new TCM approaches to diabetic complications treatment.

  5. Optimization of extraction process of hirudo from JianNaoYiZhi Capsule based on antithrombin activity evaluation%基于抗凝活性评价的健脑益智胶囊中水蛭提取工艺优选

    郭东艳; 吕杨; 赵晓平; 范小璇; 侯文


    目的 优选健脑益智胶囊中水蛭的提取工艺.方法 采用正交试验设计法,以抗凝血酶活性作为评价指标,考察乙醇浓度、加醇量、提取时间、提取次数对水蛭提取工艺的影响.结果 正交试验优选确定的工艺条件为8倍量60%乙醇提取2次,每次1.5h.结论 健脑益智胶囊中水蛭的提取工艺条件合理、稳定、可行.

  6. 心中真善美刀下黑白灰——记著名版画家史一其人其画%Truth, Goodness and Beauty in Heart; Black, White and Grey under Graver——Life and Works of the Famous Print Artist Shi Yi



    @@ 许多人拿捏不住和史一打招呼的时机,因为他可能会热情地回应你——这种情况实属偶然.更多的时候他似乎是若有所思,抬眼而过.由此,许多人对他产生误解不可避免.私下里,同学讨论过和他打招呼时机的把握,生怕对老师有什么冒犯.时日一长,大家多少有了些心得:用石涛《苦瓜和尚画语录》的说法就是"无法而法,乃为至法",率意而为.你不必在意他对你的态度,因为他也肯定不在意你对他的态度.

  7. LIU Bang of Humble Birth Deserved a Fair Justice——Comments on Mr.YI Zhong-tian's New Works: The Enigma of LIU Bang's Rising%应当公正评价"平民刘邦"——评易中天先生新作"刘邦崛起之谜"




  8. On Hu Chuang,Rope Bed and Alien Civilization---So on Jiao Chuang and Jiao Yi%浅探“胡床”“绳床”的形制与外来文明--兼及“交床”“交椅”



    Hu Chuang ,Rope bed are all alien sitting appliance .They appear frequently in traditional literature .Undoubtedly ,these two sitting appliances have a long history of development .But the explana-tions of them in dictionaries are quite ambiguous .Combining archeological evidence and literature ,this pa-per tries to connect Hu Chuang and Rope Bed with alien civilization and sketch the history of Hu Chuang and Rope Bed .%胡床、绳床均是外来的坐具,也是传统文献中出现频率极高的名物,毫无疑问,这两种坐具在中国的发展有漫长的历史,但今各字典辞书中对其解释得比较含混模糊。本文拟结合考古资料和文献资料,对胡床、绳床与外来文明结合起来予以探讨,试图勾勒出胡床绳床等坐具的发展脉络。

  9. γ谱法测量环境中的210Pb%The Environmental 210 Pb Determination byγ-ray Spectrometry WANG Ke-bin1,XIANG Yuan-yi2,CAO Zhong-gang2,YANG Yang2

    王克斌; 向元益; 曹钟港; 杨阳


    In this work, the γ-ray spectrometry is introduced to measure the activity concentration of 210 Pb in the environmental samples .By measuring the γ-ray of 210 Pb at 46.5 keV, the activity concentration of 210 Pb is determined in aerosol sample collected by cellulose acetate membranes filter and in water sample in Marinelli Beaker .The great advantage of this method is rapid , non-destructive , without preliminary chemical separation and sample preparation , but it is limited by the low emission and high self -absorption probability of this line at such low energy .The key point in the analysis is the efficiency calibration of this line .The experimental results show that the gamma ray spectrometry can be employed to determine the 210 Pb activity in the environmental sample.%介绍了用γ谱仪测量环境中210 Pb的分析方法。用醋酸纤维滤膜采集气溶胶样品,或用马林杯直接封装环境水样,在γ谱仪上测量210 Pb发射的46.5 keV射线,通过解谱分析技术获得210 Pb的放射性活度。该方法具有快速、非破坏性、无需化学分离及样品处理等优点,但存在低γ发射几率及射线能量低导致的高自吸收等不足,分析的关键在于γ谱仪效率刻度。实验结果表明:γ谱法可用于环境样品中210 Pb的放射性活度测量。

  10. The Relationship between the Position of Tian Yi Pavilion Library in Chinese Book Collection History and Its Documentary Information Qutput%天一阁在中国藏书文化史中的地位与其文献信息输出的关系




  11. “易学灵”人机对话系统促进阅读理解的实效研究——来自阅读困难学生的眼动证据%The Improvements of the "YiXueLing System" on Reading Comprehension: Evidence from an Eye-movement Study for Students with Dyslexia

    王婷婷; 张冲; 姚茹; 孟万金


    本研究采用眼动仪,以说明文为例,选择北京市某初中一年级下半学期的50名阅读困难学生为被试,将被试随机分为实验组和对照组进行对比实验,考察国家专利产品“易学灵”(Enjoy Leaming)人机对话系统(专利号:ZL2012 2 0181187.4)中的促读技术对说明文阅读理解的促进作用.实验组被试通过“易学灵”人机对话系统的促读技术对文章进行学习,对照组学生通过传统方法学习.结果表明,实验组的阅读理解测验分数不仅边缘性显著高于对照组,而且眼动数据表明:(1)在阅读过程中,实验组被试对文章本身更为关注,阅读得更为认真、仔细.(2)在问题解答过程中,无论是主旨题还是细节题,实验组被试对问题本身都更为关注;实验组被试能够从文中更快更准地定位答案,更认真、仔细地聚焦问题并解答.这说明“易学灵”人机对话系统中的促读技术能够有效地促进阅读困难学生提高阅读理解能力.

  12. Retraction: ‘rhBNP therapy can improve clinical outcomes and reduce in‐hospital mortality compared with dobutamine in heart failure patients: a meta‐analysis’ by Ming‐Yi Lv, Shu‐Ling Deng and Xiao‐Feng Long


    The above article, published online on 28th November 2015 in Wiley Online Library (, and in volume 81, pp. 174–185, has been retracted by agreement between the authors, the journal Editor in Chief, Professor A Cohen, and John Wiley & Sons Limited. The retraction has been agreed owing to evidence indicating that the peer review of this paper was compromised. The authors were unaware of the actions of the third party responsible for compromising the peer review. Reference LvM‐Y , DengS‐L , LongX‐F . rhBNP therapy can improve clinical outcomes and reduce in‐hospital mortality compared with dobutamine in heart failure patients: a meta‐analysis. Br J Clin Pharmacol 2016; 81: 174–85. doi:10.1111/bcp.12788.26382927 PMID:27086732

  13. 專論/論搜尋引擎以程式在網路上自動抓取資料時可能面臨之法律問題及其解決之道/廖先志;陳鍾誠 | The Possible Legal Issues about Crawlers and Their Resolutions/ Hsien-Jyh Liao;Yi-Hsuan Lin



    Full Text Available

    搜尋引擎必須以Crawler程式(又稱spider程式)來自動抓取網頁並建立索引,如果Crawler程式僅僅循著網頁所提供的超連結來搜尋網 頁並抓取內容,稱為一般性的Crawler程式:如果不論網頁是否提供超連結,Crawler程式會自行計算並找到網頁的所有內容並加以抓取,此種 Crawler則稱為深度Crawler。而Crawler抓取網頁內容的步驟可以細分為「取得資料」及「儲存並建立索引」二大步驟。在「取得資料」階段 中,深度Crawler雖然是自行透過演算法來取得網頁的所有內容,但本文認為仍不至於構成非法存取(unauthorized access。此外,不論是一般的Crawler或是深度Crawler,如果取得網頁內容時會耗費網站資源而干擾網站的正常運作,就可能構成如美國 eBdy案中討論的財產侵害(trespass to chattel。在「儲存並建立索引」階段中,原則上應該不會侵害網頁擁有者之重製權,然而、有些搜尋引擎(例如Google將其取得的內容以「庫存 頁面」( Cache的方式允許使用者存取,此時即有爭議發生,但本文以為,由於搜尋引擎的主要目的是在使網路使用者更容易接觸網頁,所以此種「重製」與「散布」 行為原則上應有著作權法「合理使用」原則的適用,故不會構成侵害著作權,但仍應考慮搜尋引擎與原網站之間是否處於競爭關係,以及所抓取之資料量佔原網站之 比例等因素綜合判斷。要解決搜尋引擎與網站間可能發生的法律爭議,除可以強化現行的robot exclusion標準外,網站也可以考慮增強自動過濾Crawler的功能,以杜絕爭議。

    A Search engine uses a crawler (or a spider to retrieve and index web pages. A “general crawler” crawls across the Internet by following only the hyperlinks directly provided by web pages. On the other hand, a “deep crawler” has the capability of retrieving all contents of web pages whether the hyperlinks are available or not. The process of a crawler’s work can be split into two major steps: the “retrieving” step and the “storage and indexing” step. As far as the retrieving step is concerned, even though a deep crawler can generate all URLs by itself, there should not be any unauthorized access at all. However, a crawler, either a general or deep one, will be charged with trespassing to chattel if it interferes in the website, whereas, in the “storage and indexing” step, owners’ copyright of web pages will in principle not be infringed upon by a crawler. Nevertheless, there are controversies about “cache”, which is provided by certain popular search engines, such as Google and Yahoo. Search engines may claim their fair use defense of “cache”, because one of the main goals of search engines is to improve access to information on the internet. Actually, we must consider many factors before we decide whether “cache” is fair or not, for instance, whether there is competition between the search engine and the retrieved web sites; and what percentage of the contents is retrieved by the crawler, etc. To resolve all possible legal conflicts between crawlers and web pages, among several economic resolutions, a newer and complete robot exclusion standard is required. In addition, a self-detecting mechanism adopted by web pages may be even a more powerful one.


  14. 稳定市场稳定人心--陈毅稳定上海市场的卓绝贡献%Setting People's Minds at Ease by Stabilizing the Market Prices:Chen Yi's Outstanding Contributions to the Stability of Shanghai Market




  15. “巫射”文化语境中的曾侯乙墓漆箱“树木射鸟图”内涵再审视%The New Interpretation of "Shooting Bird of the Tree" Image on the Lacquer Chest from the Tomb of Marquis Yi of the Zeng State: A Survey in the "Witch Archery" Culture




  16. On the Yi-ology in the Vision of Comparisons of Chinese and Western Time Philosophy——On Chinese and Western Time Philosophy by Mr. FANG and Mr. CHENG%中西时间哲学比较视野下的易哲学——方东美、程石泉论中西时间哲学



    从中西哲学比较的观点看,中国哲学原本富含历程思想.因此在中西文化接触的初期,中国学者十分欢迎博格森(Henri Bergson)、詹姆士(William James)、杜威(John Dewey)、怀特海(A.N.Whitehead)等人的思想.中国哲学的历程思想最早渊源于.视宇宙为创进不已的场域,所谓"生生之谓易",可说是最早论及"时间"概念的古代经典.当代中国哲学家方东美首先指出怀氏的机体哲学与中国的思想颇为接近.认为提供了儒家一套自然形上学,其中"宇宙"是基于时间迁流、生生不已的创化历程,而个人则是参赞化育、践形尽性的"时际人".方东美之后,程石泉先生踵其学.深究,进一步发挥其中的时间哲学.简而言之.方、程二先生均认为之为书,广大悉备,贯通天人,实为儒家形而上学之本源.

  17. Analysis on Key Skill of Man’ s Long Jump Champion ZHANG Xiao-yi in 2009 National Games%2009年全运会男子跳远冠军张晓一关键运动技术分析

    黄乐; 苑廷刚


    本文采用文献研究法、专家访谈法、二维录像测试分析法和数理统计分析法,对我国男子优秀跳远运动员张晓一在第11届全运会跳远决赛中进行了关键运动技术分析和研究。相关的结果和研究结论为:1、张晓一在全运会上助跑速度都超过了10.50 m/s的世界水平,其能力达到了世界级优秀运动员的水平。2、张晓一在全运会上踏板速度能力较好,达到了10.45m/s的水平,起跳瞬间的水平速度较大,而垂直速度不足,导致了起跳角度偏低(只有18°左右),远低于世界优秀远低于水平。这表明张晓一还有较大的成绩提高空间。3、踏板精度对跳远运动员创造优秀成绩提供了良好的必要条件,跳远运动员必须要有精确的踏板精度才能创造优异的成绩。4、跳远运动员最后两步的步长差异不能太大,跑动一定要具有较好的节奏性,后两步步长按照“大→小”的节奏进行。%This paper used the literature survey , the expert consultation method , the 2-D video analyses method and Mathematical statistics method , researched on the sport technique of Chinese elite long jumper named Xiaoyi zhang, who got the championship in the final men jump displine in the 11th National Games.Some key parameters were analyzed and researched and evaluated .Based on these methods , we could get the relevant researchful result and conclusion:1) the velocity ability of Xiaoyi zhang has reached the world -class level, his approach run ve-locity excessed 10.50m/s.2) the touched on the board velocity of Xiaoyi zhang was very high , it reached 10. 45m/s, but the horizontal velocity was good and the vertical velocity not enough , so it caused the angle of take -off was lower than the world -class jumper .If he improves his the angles of take -off he must be increase his a-chievement .3) The accuracy of touch on the board can serves for the jumper getting better result;the long jumper must get the good accuracy of touch on the board , in order to get the best result .4) the length of the approach run last two stride needn’t difference, the approach run must have rhythm, the length of the last second stride should longer than the last first stride ’ s.

  18. 新疆伊犁地区土地资源生产力及人口承载量的初步研究%A preparatory research on land resources productivity and population carrying capacity in YiLi district Sinkiang Municipality

    黄梅; 郑敏; 曹世萍



  19. 环境适应与宗教的象征意义——彝族尼苏人咪卡哈仪式中的神树、寨门、祭品和祭祀过程%Environment Adaption and the Symbolic Meaning of Religion God Tree, Village Gate, sacrifices and Worship Process in Mikaha Ceremony of Nisu People (Yi People)




  20. Confirming that Confucius Must Have Begun Studying I Ching upon His Return from the Land of Lu at the Age of Sixty-eight: a Rejoinder to Mr. Guo Yi's Claimr%孔子学《易》必在六十八岁"自卫返鲁"之后——兼与郭沂先生商榷




  1. 朱熹对宋代易学的发展——兼论朱熹、程颐易学思想之异同%ZHU Xi's promotion to the I Ching learning research of the Song Dynasty——simultaneously on the similarities & differences between CHENG Yi and ZHU Xi's I Ching learning




  2. 蕲蛇对益气养阴祛瘀方治疗干燥综合征临床疗效的干预作用%The Intervention Effect of Agkistrodon in Treating Sjogren's Syndrome with YiQiYangYinQuYu Medicine

    王新昌; 唐晓阳; 何淼泉


    Objective] To observe the clinical efficacy of Agkistrodon in treating Sjogren's syndrome. [Methods] 52 patients were randomly divided into two groups: Treatment of 26 patients taking Agkistrodon and the basic prescription medicine(YIQIYANGYINQUYU drugs); 26 patients in the control received the basic prescription medicine. The clinical symptoms,the disease activity score of SSDAI,the score of TCM symptom and life quality and the index of serology were recorded in this clinical observation. [Results] The treatment group had better results of immune function than the control group after treatment, in particular had a substantial decrease in IgG. In addition, the clinical symptoms, the disease activity score of SSDAI, the score of TCM symptom and life quality were improved. [Conclusion] Agkistrodon has significantly immunosuppressive effects on the patients with Sjogren's syndrome , thus improving the patients' condition,the standard of living and the quality of life.%[目的]观察中药蕲蛇对干燥综合征(Sjogren's syndrome, SS)患者的临床疗效并初步探索其作用机理。[方法]对52例患者随机分成两组:治疗组26例,服用益气养阴祛瘀方+蕲蛇;对照组26例,服用益气养阴祛瘀方。观察各组患者研究前后临床症状、疾病活动度、中医证候、生存质量、实验室指标等变化情况。[结果]治疗组与对照组相比,临床症状好转,疾病活动度评分、生存质量评分、免疫功能均有所改善,尤其是免疫球蛋白G(IgG)有大幅度下降。[结论]蕲蛇水煎剂能减轻干燥综合征患者病情,改善生活质量,这可能与其免疫抑制功能有关。

  3. 音响与织体的运作作为音乐结构的组织手段——陈怡赴美后作曲风格形成阶段之三%Timbre and Texture Manipulation as the Structural Cohesion: An Analysis of Chen Yi's Symphony No. 2




  4. Translation as Discourse: a Re-reading of Wei Yi and Lin Shu's Chinese Translation of Uncle Tom's Cabin%从话语的角度重读魏易与林纾合译的《黑奴吁天录》



    话语的定义很多.本文采用的是法国文化及思想史学者米歇@傅柯(Michel Foucault,1926-1984)的理论.傅柯对话语的看法,重要之处是让我们重新思考语言、知识与权力的关系;他推翻了很多人把语言视为传达或表述知识的透明工具这种一厢情愿的看法,让我们认识到语言是意识形态的载体,话语运作的原材料.本文把傅柯这些论点运用到翻译研究的范畴,以个案研究的手法,重读魏易与林纾合译的,重点分析两位译者如何处理原著的宗教内容,亦即原著一个重要的认知领域,再从中探讨翻译如何帮助我们了解两种文化实际沟通时的磨合过程.文中除了以「翻译即话语」作为理论探讨的起点外,还提出多个相关的概念,例如「识管理」、「颠覆」、「阻遏」、「审查/自我审查」等,希望有助研究的多样化,使翻译与文化这个课题的内容变得更为丰富.

  5. 从"民族内婚"到"族际通婚"的突破——关于凉山彝族族际通婚的探讨%The Breakthrough from"Marriages among the Same Ethnic Group"to"Marriages among Different Ethnic Groups"——A discussion on the inter-ethnic group marriages of Yi people in Liangshan

    张朴; 李豫浔



  6. Assessment and Computerized Modeling of the Environmental Deposition of Military Smokes


    t ) Y.(t) = Yi(t0) Yj(t0) + (t -to) 2 vi(t0)vj(t0) (3.126a) = Yi(t 0)Yj( td ) + (t- t) 2 [ ui’(t0) - ui"(to) [ uj’(t0) - uj"(to) ] (3.126b) = Yi(to) Y...variance for each data record. 348 I I U 100 Test 3 m m0921871 " 0 0923871 10 o" 0926871 .01 .0001 .001 .01 .1 1 n [ HzJ £ I I Figure 6.47 Ensemble

  7. Dicty_cDB: SHD730 [Dicty_cDB

    Full Text Available ynqiinlylvivfvlvsshlqylstifffyf*yi*nk*ink*kksk*llnyflnx Frame B: ltrn**lvkneiktfnyffiyfyl*vfic*igllsnkq*kag...sinflcy*ntg*kiy*reksqksi*is**sts*ts*etcc*nr*tlf iwl*krsktk*klfl*frkeii*tpth*mlfqrty*lntiskfksnniqf*ikpkpnspi

  8. Dicty_cDB: CHR216 [Dicty_cDB

    Full Text Available ktk*klfl*frkeii*tpth*mlfqrty*lntisk fksnniqf*ikpkpnspiynqiinlylvivfvlvsshlqylstifffyf*yi*nk*inr* kksk*lxn** sts*ts*etcc*nr*tlfiwl*krsktk*klfl*frkeii*tpth*mlfqrty*lntisk fksnniqf*ikpkpnspiynqiinlylvivfvlvsshlqylstiff

  9. Dicty_cDB: SHG659 [Dicty_cDB

    Full Text Available nflcy*ntg*kiy*reksqksi*is** sts*ts*etcc*nr*tlfiwl*krsktk*klfl*frkeii*tpth*mlfqrty*lntisk fksnniqf*ikpkpnspiynqiinlylvivfvlvsshlqylsti...fffyf*yi*nk*ink* kkskyysiff Homology vs CSM-cDNA Score E Sequences producing signif

  10. Dicty_cDB: CHK615 [Dicty_cDB

    Full Text Available *nr*tlfiwl*krsktk*klfl*frkeii*tpth*mlfqrty*lntiskfksnni qf*ikpkpnspiynqiinlylvivfvlvsshlqylstifffyf*yi*nk*in...IKTQG*kiy*reksqksi*is**sts*ts *etcc*nr*tlfiwl*krsktk*klfl*frkeii*tpth*mlfqrty*lntiskfksnni qf*ikpkpnspiynqiinlylvivfvlvsshlqylstiff

  11. Dicty_cDB: SHA686 [Dicty_cDB

    Full Text Available ntg*kiy*reksqksi*is**sts*ts*etcc*nr*tlfiwl*krsktk*klfl*frkei i*tpth*mlfqrty*lntiskfksnniqf*ikpkpnspiynqiinlylvivfvlvsshlq ylstiff...iwl*krsktk*klfl*frkei i*tpth*mlfqrty*lntiskfksnniqf*ikpkpnspiynqiinlylvivfvlvsshlq ylstifffyf*yi*nk*dk*ikkkq

  12. Kosmiline eksimus : Vene kapsel kukkus alla vales kohas / Heiki Suurkask

    Suurkask, Heiki, 1972-


    Vene kosmoseaparaat laskus Kasahstanis kavandatud kohast 420 kilomeetri kaugusele, kuid korealasest teadlane Yi So-yeon, ameeriklasest astronaut Peggy A. Whitson ja venelasest pardainsener Juri Malantshenko pääsesid eluga

  13. Dicty_cDB: Contig-U05245-1 [Dicty_cDB

    Full Text Available 2584 CERES-148 Arabidopsis thaliana cDNA clone 7... 50 0.11 1 ( CU601129 ) Theobroma cacao, mRNA sequence (K...Z0AAG3YO05FM1). 50 0.11 1 ( CU590235 ) Theobroma cacao, mRNA sequence (KZ0ACR2YI2...1FM1). 50 0.11 1 ( CU588799 ) Theobroma cacao, mRNA sequence (KZ0AC4YI21FM1). 50 0.11 1 ( CU585833 ) Theobroma cacao,... mRNA sequence (KZ0AAB7YI12FM1). 50 0.11 1 ( CU572386 ) Theobroma cacao, mRNA sequence (KZ0AAP15YH2...3FM1). 50 0.11 1 ( CU498234 ) Theobroma cacao, mRNA sequence (KZ0ACV4YI13FM1). 50


    康宝生; 贺文杰


    An interpolation scheme constructing shape preserving piecewise de-gree 2k parametric polynomial curves is presented. For the given data set {Qi=(x1,yi) }n i-0, the shape preserving interpolation curve is Gk continuous.



    Minzu Hotel As the New Year approaches, Chinese restaurants at Minzu Hotel will present a Chinese New Year family feast with special gourmet options for your imperial New Year dinner. Tian Xia Yi Pin Restaurant

  16. QTL Information Table: 121 [Q-TARO

    Full Text Available Morphological trait Root adventitious root number(flooding) Mixture C)Interval DHL ...ndidate genes for rice root growth under flooding and upland conditions. Yi Chuan Xue Bao 33, 141-151. ...

  17. QTL Information Table: 122 [Q-TARO

    Full Text Available Morphological trait Root root dry weight(flooding) Mixture C)Interval DHL IR64 Azuc...enes for rice root growth under flooding and upland conditions. Yi Chuan Xue Bao 33, 141-151. ...

  18. QTL Information Table: 369 [Q-TARO

    Full Text Available qET-6 Physiological trait Eating quality Endosperm translucency RFLP C)Interval BIL...tative trait loci underlying appearance quality of rice grains (Oryza sativa L.). Yi Chuan Xue Bao 30, 251-259. ...

  19. QTL Information Table: 368 [Q-TARO

    Full Text Available qPGWC-6b Physiological trait Eating quality Percentages of grains with chalkiness R...3). Mapping quantitative trait loci underlying appearance quality of rice grains (Oryza sativa L.). Yi Chuan Xue Bao 30, 251-259. ...

  20. 75 FR 69160 - Quarterly Publication of Individuals, Who Have Chosen To Expatriate, as Required by Section 6039G


    ... Kington Kin Bong Hui Kwok-Kit Hui Man Yan Mark Hui Ng Suk Ha Hung Janet Yi Kui Hung San-Hsiung Husain Syed... Dalina Abdul Sarmiento Sonia Satrap Alireza Saumweber Helena Maria Schatz John Barkley Scherer...