Sample records for yong zhi wu

  1. 存“至德”之诚义扬吴地之人文--评吴恩培点校的《至德志(外二种)》%Sincere in Attaining Virtuousness and Conducive to Boosting the Wu Culture:On Zhi De Zhi Punctuated and Revised by Professor Wu Enpei

    许凌雯; 陈璇


    As the ifrst book of the second volume of Suzhou Literature Series, Zhi De Zhi, punctuated and revised by Professor Wu Enpei, takes into full consideration of the value of the edition of the literature, the value of historical materials, the historical value of the local culture research and the application value of the social culture, playing an active role in f acilitating the spreading and advancing the humanitarian spirit of Wu Region.%作为《苏州文献丛书》第二辑中的一本,吴恩培教授点校的《至德志(外二种)》在整理时注重了文献版本价值、史料价值、地域文化研究的历史价值以及社会文化的应用价值,对于推扬吴地的人文精神起着积极的作用。

  2. 基于“体质-疾病谱-主症”模式的黄芪桂枝五物汤方证规范化文献研究%Formula Syndrome Standardization Study of Classical Formula of Huang-Qi-Gui-Zhi-Wu-Wu Decoction Based on Mode of "Constitution-Spectrum of Disease-Main Symptom" on Document Data

    刘晓丽; 周美启; 李锋刚; 郜峦; 陆翔; 李净; 吴元洁


    Objective:It is to study the formula syndrome rule of Classical formula of Huang-qi-gui-zhi-wu-wu decoction on relative document data based on the mode of constitution-spectrum of disease-main symptom.Methods:By collecting,sorting out the individual clinical cases,then analysis and data mining of them.Results:Constitution and appearance of its formula syndrome are lack of vitality and fatigue,chills,lack of energy even to speak,lusterless or sallow complexion.Diseases mainly treated are neuritis,postpartum disease,Raynaud's disease,cervical vertebra disease,urticaria.Differentiation syndromes are syndrome of meridian obstruction and defense-qi and nutrient blood deficiency,Qi deficiency and blood stasis syndrome owing to yang deficiency,blood stasis syndrome complicated cold coagulation.Main symptoms include pain,numbness,swelling,sweating,dizziness,etc.Pulses mostly are sinking and thin or thin and weak or sinking and weak.Tongue color is pale white or pink and tongue coats are thin white or white mainly.Among this formula,common dosage of Astragalus is higher than other medicinal,and maximum dosage of stragalus and jujube are significantly higher than other medicinal.Chinese angelica,licorice,spatholobus stem,Rhizoma ligustici wallichii are frequently be added.Conclusion:Formula syndrome of Huang-qi-gui-zhi-wu-wu decoction includes the constitution and appearance and main symptom characteristics attending to the diseases above mentioned.Based on the original formula,other medicinal are added accordingly promoting blood circulation to remove blood staais,tonifying deficiency,releasing the exterior,dispelling wind and dampness,calming the liver to stop the wind.%在“体质-疾病谱-主症”模式下,通过对黄芪桂枝五物汤个案的搜集整理分析与数据挖掘,从文献角度探讨该方的方证规律.结果显示该方证体质及体貌特征为神疲乏力、畏寒、少气懒言、面色无华或萎黄等;所治疾病以神经炎、产后病

  3. Personage Columm: WU Zhongbi


    Prof. WU Zhongbi was born on March 19th, 1919. His native place is Dingyuan county, Anhui province. He was graduated from the National Tongji Medical College in June, 1945 and was assigned to work at Alma Mater after graduation until now.

  4. Different Influences on Tacrolimus Pharmacokinetics by Coadministrations of Zhi Ke and Zhi Shi in Rats

    Shiuan-Pey Lin


    Full Text Available Tacrolimus, an immunosuppressant with narrow therapeutic window, has been used widely in transplant patients. Grapefruit juice and pomelo have been reported to increase the blood levels of tacrolimus. Zhi Ke and Zhi Shi, the ripe peels and unripe fruits of Citrus aurantium which is chemotaxonomically related to grapefruit and pomelo, are in wide use in clinical Chinese medicine. To investigate the possible interaction of these two Citrus herbs with tacrolimus, male Sprague-Dawley rats were orally given tacrolimus (1.5 mg/kg with and without Zhi Ke and Zhi Shi decoctions in a cross-over design. Blood samples were withdrawn via cardiopuncture at specific time and quantitated by a microparticle enzyme immunoassay. In addition, to explore the mechanism of interaction, LS 180 cell line was used for the transport study of rhodamine 123, a typical substrate of P-glycoprotein (P-gp. The results showed that Zhi Shi significantly decreased the Cmax⁡ and AUC0-t of tacrolimus by 72.4% and 72.0%, respectively, whereas Zhi Ke did not affect tacrolimus pharmacokinetics. LS 180 cell line study indicated that Zhi Shi increased the efflux activity of P-gp, enabling us to explain the decreased oral bioavailability of tacrolimus caused by Zhi Shi. Hence, we suggest that Zhi Shi be contraindicated for transplant patients treated with tacrolimus to reduce the risk of allograft rejection.

  5. The Concept of Wu Xing


    Wu Xing is sometimes translated as Five Elements, but the Wu Xing are chiefly an ancient mnemonic device, hence the preferred translation of "movements", "phases" or "steps" over "elements". By the same token, Mu is thought of as "Tree" rather than "Wood".

  6. Wu Yifang and Ginling College


    ON the 26th of June in 1945, Wu Yifang, the only female member of a nine-person Chinese delegation, signed the United Nations Charter on behalf of the Chinese nation. During her stay in America, Wu Yifang, President of Ginling College in Nanjing made a wonderful speech in fluent English describing the period when Japanese imperialists invaded China,

  7. Preface in dedication to Professors Yong Jin and Zhiqing Yu

    Jesse Zhu; Xiaotao Bi


    @@ This special issue of China PARTICUOLOGY is dedicated to Professors Yong Jin and Zhiqing Yu of Tsinghua University, China, to celebrate over five decades of their careers in chemical engineering research and education.

  8. Preface in dedication to Professors Yong Jin and Zhiqing Yu

    Jesse; Zhu; Xiaotao; Bi


      This special issue of China PARTICUOLOGY is dedicated to Professors Yong Jin and Zhiqing Yu of Tsinghua University, China, to celebrate over five decades of their careers in chemical engineering research and education.……

  9. SSFA President Sia Yong Receives Title of Friendship Ambassador


    <正>A ceremony was held on May 19 by the CPAFFC to confer upon Sia Yong, president of the Singa Sino Friendship Association (SSFA), the title of Friendship Ambassador in recognition of the contributions he has made to strengthening and developing the relations of friendship and cooperation between China and Singapore. CPAFFC President Chen Haosu, Vice President Li Xiaolin were present at the ceremony. President Chen presented the certificate and medal of Friendship Ambassador to Sia Yong.

  10. An Interview with Fan Wu



    Fan Wu grew up on a farm in South China, in the community to where her parents were exiled during the Cultural Revolution (1966-1976). Wu moved to the United States in 1997, to attend Stanford University, and she began writing in 2002. She now lives and works in northern California, the United State. February Flowers is her first novel. During her recent book tour in China, she took time to talk to Women of China. Women of China (WOC): What inspired

  11. Ray Wu: united we prevail

    Yigong Shi


    @@ In the morning of Monday, February 11, 2008, I was in-formed of the sad news - Dr. Ray Wu passed away the night before - by Dr. Jun-Lin Guan, then on faculty with Cornell University in Ithaca, New York.

  12. Individual Differences in Zhong-Yong tendency and Processing Capacity

    Ting-Yun eChang


    Full Text Available The present study investigated how an individual’s Zhong-Yong tendency is related to his/her perceptual processing capacity. In two experiments, participants completed a Zhong-Yong Thinking Style Scale and performed a redundant-target detection task. Processing capacity was assessed with a nonparametric approach (systems factorial technology, SFT and a parametric (linear ballistic accumulator model, LBA approach. Results converged to suggest a positive correlation between Zhong-Yong tendency and processing capacity. High middle-way thinkers had larger processing capacity in multiple-signal processing compared with low middle-way thinkers, indicating that they processed information more efficiently and in an integrated fashion. Zhong-Yong tendency positively correlates with the processing capacity. These findings suggest that the individual differences in processing capacity can account for the reasons why high middle-way thinkers tend to adopt a global and flexible processing strategy to deal with the external world. Furthermore, the influence of culturally dictated thinking style on cognition can be revealed in a perception task.

  13. Exploring Global Perspectives: An Interview with Yong Zhao

    Henshon, Suzanna E.


    Yong Zhao is Foundations Distinguished Professor in the School of Education with an appointment in the School of Business at the University of Kansas. Prior to joining KU, he served as the Presidential Chair, Director of the Institute for Global and Online Education, and Associate Dean in the College of Education, University of Oregon, where he…

  14. SSFA President Sia Yong Receives Title of Friendship Ambassador


    A ceremony was held on May 19 by the CPAFFC to confer upon Sia Yong, presi-dent of the Singa Sino Friendship Association(SSFA), the title of Friendship Ambassador in recognition of the contributions he has made to strengthening and developing the relations of

  15. The Paintings of Wu Guanzhong


    WU Guanzhong is the firstChinese painter to exhibithis works at the BritishMuseum in London.Last spring au-diences from England and othercountries praised his works as a mas-terful blend of traditional Chineseand Western elements.His success isdue to his diligent study and crea-tive genius.He expresses Chineseemotions,thoughts and interests inartistic language of the modern artera.

  16. Wu Haiyan’s Fashion Designs


    Wu Haiyan’s series of fashions entitled "In a Period of Great Prosperity" was awarded the gold prize by the first Brother Cup International Young Fashion Designers’ Works in 1993. With modern creative ideas and fashion structure, Wu Haiyan expressed the richness of national costumes by using fabric with a bamboo stripe reminiscent of the

  17. In memory of Dr. Ray Wu



    I want to thank Professor Jiang Chengyu from Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences for inviting me to participate in Ray Wu memorial seminar. Here I only want to write down some of my feelings on my several contacts with Academi-cian Ray Wu.

  18. Life Noumenon Nuture in Taigu School's Ge Wu Zhi Zhi%太谷学派格物致知说的生命本位特色




  19. [Analysis of twenty trace elements in ling zhi by ICP-AES].

    He, Jin-zhe; Kui, Xiao-yun; Yang, Kai; Shao, Pin; Sun, Pei-long


    Twenty trace elements, Al, As, Ca, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Ge, Hg, K, Mg, Mn, Na, Ni, P, Pb, S, Se and Zn were determined by ICP--AES with wet digestion from two kinds of different ling zhi fruitbody materials (Zhongzhi and Xianyuan), Ling Zhi root, ling zhi mixture, unbroken and broken ling zhi spore powder. The common feature about the element content showed that there were rich trace elements in different Ling Zhi materials, and the concentrations of K, Ca, Mg, Fe, Zn, P and S in all kinds of ling zhi samples were relatively high. Besides, there were trace elements, Cu, Co, Grand Ni, and potentially physiologically toxic elements, Al, As, Hg, Pb and Cd, in all samples. Elements Se and Ge with anticancer efficacy were not found in ling zhi samples. The concentrations of heavy metal elements were lower in spore powders than in other ling zhi samples. Trace element contents in the broken and unbroken spore powders showed minor difference, The concentrations of Fe and Se in ling zhi mixtures were obviously higher than in other kinds of Ling Zhi samples, due to factitious addition of these elements to Ling Zhi mixture sample. There was some difference between two kinds of Ling Zhi fruitbody from deferent plant places, which may have some relations with the soil and environment. The concentrations of Ca, Cu and Zn in ling zhi root were higher than in other ling zhi materials. According to the analyses, these elements in ling zhi were helpful to improving cardiovascular function.

  20. On Li Zhi's Theory of Growing up in Spirit

    Wang Junjiang


    The theory of growing up in spirit is the core of Li Zhi's thought.The theory attempts to get rid of the limit of the rigid ethical doctrine of Confucianismand to encourage growth in a helpful person for the benefit of the country,which demands both a free environment of society and enough courage and insight of the individual.At the same time,the criterion of growing up in spirit indicates the limitation of Li Zhi's thought.His free exploration,however,provides various revelations for us.

  1. Alien Wu:A Versatile Activist


    @@ "To promote global cooperation under the new century's trend of globalization,Asians all around the world play an important and irreplaceable role", said Allen Wu, the Chairman of the Asian American Republican National Federation, in his speech when attended "2007 Asian Pacific International Cooperation Conference among CEOs, Governors, and Mayors"and "Global Outsourcing Conference" held in Guangzhou and Tianjin, China.

  2. Neuroprotective Effect of Gui Zhi (Ramulus Cinnamomi on Ma Huang- (Herb Ephedra- Induced Toxicity in Rats Treated with a Ma Huang-Gui Zhi Herb Pair

    Fang-hao Zheng


    Full Text Available Herb Ephedra (Ma Huang in Chinese and Ramulus Cinnamomi (Gui Zhi in Chinese are traditional Chinese herbs, often used together to treat asthma, nose and lung congestion, and fever with anhidrosis. Due to the adverse effects of ephedrine, clinical use of Ma Huang is restricted. However, Gui Zhi extract has been reported to decrease spontaneous activity in rats and exert anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective effects. The present study explored the possible inhibitory effect of Gui Zhi on Ma Huang-induced neurotoxicity in rats when the two herbs were used in combination. All Ma Huang and Ma Huang-Gui Zhi herb pair extracts were prepared using methods of traditional Chinese medicine and were normalized based on the ephedrine content. Two-month-old male Sprague-Dawley rats (n=6 rats/group were administered Ma Huang or the Ma Huang-Gui Zhi herb pair extracts for 7 days (ephedrine = 48 mg/kg, and locomotor activity was measured. After 7 days, oxidative damage in the prefrontal cortex was measured. Gui Zhi decreased hyperactivity and sensitization produced by repeated Ma Huang administration and attenuated oxidative stress induced by Ma Huang. The results of this study demonstrate the neuroprotective potential of Gui Zhi in Ma Huang-induced hyperactivity and oxidative damage in the prefrontal cortex of rats when used in combination.

  3. Neuroprotective effect of gui zhi (ramulus cinnamomi) on ma huang- (herb ephedra-) induced toxicity in rats treated with a ma huang-gui zhi herb pair.

    Zheng, Fang-Hao; Wei, Ping; Huo, Hui-Ling; Xing, Xue-Feng; Chen, Fei-Long; Tan, Xiao-Mei; Luo, Jia-Bo


    Herb Ephedra (Ma Huang in Chinese) and Ramulus Cinnamomi (Gui Zhi in Chinese) are traditional Chinese herbs, often used together to treat asthma, nose and lung congestion, and fever with anhidrosis. Due to the adverse effects of ephedrine, clinical use of Ma Huang is restricted. However, Gui Zhi extract has been reported to decrease spontaneous activity in rats and exert anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective effects. The present study explored the possible inhibitory effect of Gui Zhi on Ma Huang-induced neurotoxicity in rats when the two herbs were used in combination. All Ma Huang and Ma Huang-Gui Zhi herb pair extracts were prepared using methods of traditional Chinese medicine and were normalized based on the ephedrine content. Two-month-old male Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 6 rats/group) were administered Ma Huang or the Ma Huang-Gui Zhi herb pair extracts for 7 days (ephedrine = 48 mg/kg), and locomotor activity was measured. After 7 days, oxidative damage in the prefrontal cortex was measured. Gui Zhi decreased hyperactivity and sensitization produced by repeated Ma Huang administration and attenuated oxidative stress induced by Ma Huang. The results of this study demonstrate the neuroprotective potential of Gui Zhi in Ma Huang-induced hyperactivity and oxidative damage in the prefrontal cortex of rats when used in combination.

  4. Ray Wu and the CUSBEA Program

    Xiaocheng Gu


    @@ I first met Dr Ray Wu in the late seventies of the last century, when China was beginning to re-engage with the western world. Deng Xiaoping laid out a bold, ambitious plan for the country to rapidly modernize. To realize this plan, China would need a new kind of work force. The responsibility fell upon the Ministry of Education to find the brightest young minds in China and to dispatch them to "scientifically advanced western countries" for post-graduate studies.

  5. Memories of Ray Wu by a Colleague



    I first met Ray Wu in the spring of 1977 during my inter-view at Cornell where he was the Chair of the Section of Biochemistry, Molecular and Cell Biology. The meeting was brief and unremarkable but it achieved what it was meant to achieve. After I joined the Section of BMCB at Cornell as assistant professor that fall, I soon appreciated that that

  6. Zhang-Wu Directional LMMSE Image Demosaicking

    Pascal Getreuer


    Full Text Available Most digital cameras capture samples through a color filter array. At every pixel location, the camera observes one of either the red, green, or blue component. Demosaicking (or demosaicing is the problem of using this incomplete information to estimate all three color components at every pixel. Zhang and Wu proposed an effective solution to this problem in “Color Demosaicking via Directional Linear Minimum Mean-Square-Error Estimation”.


    Ma Huiqun; Feng Jie; Zhang Xianqi; Mu Kuanhou; Liu Chao; Niu Xinwu; Dang Qianli


    Objective To find direct effect of Chinese herbs Bu Gu Zhi (Psoralea corylifolia L) and Bai Zhi (Dahurian angelica root) Extracts on melanocyte adhesion and migration in vitro. Methods Ethanol extracts obtained from two kind of Chinese medicinable herbs were tested. Human melanocytes were obtained from neonatal foreskins and 48-well culture dish covered with fibronectin were used to perform melanocyte adhesion assay; Motility was assessed using the micropore filter method. Results: The extracts of Bu Gu Zhi(Psoralea corylifolia L), Bai Zhi(Dahurian angelica root) obviously showed an effect in increasing of human melanocyte adhesion and migration on fibronectin. Conclusion It is suggested that Buguzhi(Fructus Psoraleae) and Baizhi(Radix Angelicae Dahuricae) might induce melanocyte adhesion and/or migration in the treatment of vitiligo.

  8. Ray Wu and the CUSBEA Program


    I first met Dr Ray Wu in the late seventies of the last century, when China was beginning to re-engage with the western world. Deng Xiaoping laid out a bold, ambitious plan for the country to rapidly modernize. To realize this plan, China would need a new kind of work force. The responsi-bility fell upon the Ministry of Education to find the brightest young minds in China and to dispatch them to "scientifically advanced western countries" for post-graduate studies.

  9. Professor LUO Yong-fen's Experience in Treating Facial Paralysis by Acupuncture

    LI Sheng-tao; LUO Yong-fen; XIAO Yuan-chun


    @@ Professor LUO Yong-fenhas been engaged in acupuncture practice, teaching and scientific research for more than 40 years, and has rich and unique experience in the treatment of various disorders by acupuncture. I was lucky to follow professor LUO to do clinical practice and benefited a great deal. Now I summarized professor LUO's experience in the treatment of facial paralysis.

  10. Bing Zhi: pioneer of modern biology in China

    Ming Li; Le Kang


    @@ Located in the lobby of the Institute of Zoology at Chinese Academy of Sciences,is a bronze statue of Dr.Bing Zhi.Many passers-by,especially the young ones,would ask who this person is and what he has accomplished.The short answer is,according to the plate of the statue,that he is a pioneer zoologist and educator and the founder of modern biology in China.The more detailed answer involves the word"first"for quite a few significances:As a biologist,Bing Zhi is the co-founder of the first non-governmental scientific society of China,the co-founder of the first Chinese scientific journal,the founder of the first biology department in China,the founder of the first biological research institute in China,and the founder of China Zoological Society; as an educator,he trained many young men who later became renowned specialists in their own areas.

  11. Numerical study of compression corner flowfield using Gao-Yong turbulence model%Numerical study of compression corner flowfield using Gao-Yong turbulence model

    GAO Ge; ZHANG Chang-xian; YAN Wen-hui; WANG Yong


    A numerical simulation of shock wave turbulent boundary layer interaction induced by a 24° compression corner based on Gao-Yong compressible turbulence model was presented.The convection terms and the diffusion terms were calculated using the second-order AUSM(advection upstream splitting method) scheme and the second-order central difference scheme,respectively.The Runge-Kutta time marching method was employed to solve the governing equations for steady state solutions.Significant flow separation-region which indicates highly non-isotropic turbulence structure has been found in the present work due to intensity interaction under the 24° compression corner.Comparisons between the calculated results and experimental data have been carried out,including surface pressure distribution,boundary-layer static pressure profiles and mean velocity profiles.The numerical results agree well with the experimental values,which indicate Gao-Yong compressible turbulence model is suitable for the prediction of shock wave turbulent boundary layer interaction in two-dimensional compression corner flows.

  12. Separate Annotation on Wang Yangming's Theories of GeWu and Zhizhi——Centering on the book of 《ChuanXiLu》%王阳明"格物""致知"说分疏——以《传习录》为中心



    王阳明从自身的生命体验出发,其对"格物致知"说的阐释颇具革命性,不仅突破了程朱理学的解释框架,而且因此发扬和深化了心学一途的学思脉络. 与朱子相比,王阳明对"格物致知"的训释的反动体现在:将朱子训物为客观物质实体与人类道德行为二义窄化为道德事为,物成了心之物,并且相应地穷理被局限于体认天理或良知,即格心. 与此同时,所谓致知,仅仅变成了克除私欲,发明本心或使天理流行充塞,最终导致了贯通心与物、心与理,心外无物,心外无理. 王阳明与朱子学说分道扬镳,但也因此以简易直接的方式宣告了自己心学理论的特色,并成为心学的集大成者.%On the basis of his own life experience, Wang Yangming embraced a revolutionary explanation on "GeWuZhiZhi", which was not only a breakthrough in the philosophical framework of Zhuxi and Chengyi, but also widened and deepened the philosophi-cal thread of XinXue. In comparison to Zhuxi, Wang Yangming had four features in the interpretation of "GeWuZhiZhi":(1) narrow the interpretation of Wu from objective and physical things and human ethical acts into human ethical acts;(2)investigating the princi-ples (Qiongli)is confined to experience the utmost principle Tianli or Liangzhi;(3)Zhizhi therefore is a kind of act of getting rid of selfish desires and revealing the utmost principle ;(4)channel Xin(heart-mind)and Wu(things),Xin and Li. Eventually, Wang Yangming and Zhuzi went their separate ways, but the former thereafter announced his own theoretical characteristics and became the most successful achiever of Xinxue.

  13. “忍无可忍”源流考辨%A Probe into the Source of "Ren Wu Ke Ren"



    “忍无可忍”这个成语意义的源头是“忍之无可忍”,形式是借鉴汉译佛经的“忍不可忍”之后类推而成的。踏踏实实阅读第一手资料、仔细深入地分析文献例证。是保证溯源准确的前提。%The source of the literal meaning of the idiom "ren wu ke ren ( beyond endurance) " is from "ren zhi wu ke ren (endure to one's limit)", and its form is evolved from "ren bu ke ten (endure whatever one cannot endure)" in the Chinese translation of Buddhist sutras. Probing into the first-hand resources in a down-to-earth manner, and analyzing the examples in literature in a careful and thorough way are the premi- ses of the accurate trace into the source.

  14. Analysis of astronomical records of King Wu's Conquest


    All related astronomical records of King Wu's Conquest have been searched and analysed comprehensively. Constrained by the newest conclusions of archeology, philology and history in the Xia-Shang-Zhou Chronology Project and based mainly on dates in Wucheng, Jupiter's position in Guoyu and information on the season, our first choice of the date of King Wu's Conquest is Jun. 20, BC1046. This conclusion explains properly most relevant literature.

  15. Evaluation of dynamic fracture toughness for Yong Gwang unit 5 reactor pressure vessel materials (Baseline Tests)

    Chi Se Hwan; Kim, Joo Hag; Hong, Jun Hwa; Kwon, Sun Chil; Lee, Bong Sang [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Taejon (Korea)


    The dynamic fracture toughness (K{sub d}) of intermediate shell and its weld in SA 508 CI. 3 Yong Gwang 5 reactor pressure vessel was determined and evaluated. Precracked thirty six Charpy specimens were tested by using an instrumented impact tester. The purpose of present work is to evaluate and confirm the un-irradiated dynamic fracture toughness and to provide pre-irradiation baseline data for future evaluation on dynamic fracture toughness change during operation. 18 refs., 5 figs., 5 tabs. (Author)

  16. [Research on Zhang's collated edition of Lei gong pao zhi lun (Master Lei's Discourse on Processing of Chinese Materia Medica)].

    Cheng, Li


    Lei gong pao zhi lun (Master Lei's Discourse on Processing of Chinese Materia Medica) collated by Zhang Ji, and printed by Zhang's Yisheng Tang in Chengdu in 1932 was the first collated edition. Its original edition was not Jing shi zheng lei bei ji ben cao (Classified Materia Medica from Historical Classics for Emergency) of the Song Dynasty, but was Xiu shi zhi nan (Instruction for Drug Processing) and Lei gong pao zhi yao xing jie (Explanation on Master Lei's Properties of Drugs Processing) of the Qing Dynasty. The contents of this collated edition was far from Lei gong pao zhi lun with many mistakes, and was not the best edition to study Lei gong pao zhi lun.

  17. [Data mining analysis of professor Li Fa-zhi AIDS itchy skin medical record].

    Wang, Dan-Ni; Li, Zhen; Xu, Li-Ran; Guo, Hui-Jun


    Analysis of professor Li Fa-zhi in the treatment of AIDS drug laws of itchy skin, provide the corresponding drug reference basis for Chinese medicine treatment of AIDS, skin itching. By using the method of analyzing the complex network of Weishi county, Henan in 2007 October to 2011 July during an interview with professor Li Fa-zhi treatment of AIDS patients with skin pruritus, etiology and pathogenesis analysis, skin itching AIDS syndrome differentiation of old Chinese medicine treatment and medication rule. The use of multi-dimensional query analysis, core drug skin itching AIDS treatment in this study as a windbreak, cicada slough, bupleurum, Qufeng solution table drug, licorice detoxification efficacy of drugs, Radix Scutellariae, Kochia scoparia, clearing away heat and promoting diuresis medicine; core prescription for Jingfang San streak virus. Professor Li Fa-zhi treatment of AIDS in the skin itching Qufeng solution table dehumidification antipruritic treatment.

  18. Effect of Gui Zhi decoction on enteric mucosal immune in mice with collagen-induced arthritis

    Gui-Qin Zhou; Ning Zhao; Hao Zhang; Hong-Wei Jia; Wan-Dong Zhang; Lin-Hua Zhao; Cheng Lu; Ying-Hui He; Ai-Ping Lu


    AIM: To explore the effect of Gui Zhi decoction on enteric mucosal immune in type Ⅱ collagen-induced arthritis (CIA)in DBA mice.METHODS: Eighty DBA/1, weighing 18-22 g, were randomly divided into four groups with 20 in each group:control group, CIA group, treatment groups at high dosage and low dosage (GZH and GZL). CIA was induced by immunization with type Ⅱ collagen (CⅡ) emulsified with equal complete adjuvant at 0.1 mg CⅡ each mouse. Blood lymphocyte suspension was screened for CD4 and CD8 expression using a flow cytometry, the CD4 and CD8 and secretory IgA (sIgA)-positive cells in enteric lamina propria tested with immunohistochemical staining. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-L (IL-1)-β, and IL-6 concentrations in serum were assayed with RIA.RESULTS: Gui Zhi decoction can lower the arthritic scores and decrease the occurrence of arthritis. The CD4, CD8,and sIgA-positive cells in CIA mice are less than in control mice, and in Gui Zhi decoction at high dosage could restore the lowered CD4- and CD8-positive cells in lamina propria,and at both high and low dosages could increase the lowered sIgA-positive cells in lamina propria, even still lower than in normal mice. In periphery, the CD4 cells in periphery are higher in CIA mice than in control mice,and Gui Zhi decoction at high and low dosages could decrease the CD4 and CD8 cells. Also, Gui Zhi decoction at high dosage could decrease the IL-6 and TNF-αconcentration in serum.CONCLUSION: Gui Zhi decoction can lower the arthritic scores and decrease the incidence of CIA in mice, and the mechanism is in part regulating enteric mucosal immune.

  19. [The essence of Professor Wu Lian-Zhong's acupuncture manipulation].

    Liu, Jing; Guo, Yi; Wu, Lian-Zhong


    The painless needle insertion technique, summarized by Professor WU Lian-zhong during his decades of acupuncture clinical practice is introduced in this article, which is characterized as soft, flexible, fast, plucking and activating antipathogenic qi. The Sancai (three layers) lifting and thrusting manipulation technique is adopted by Professor WU for getting the qi sensation. And features of 10 kinds of needling sensation such as soreness, numbness, heaviness, distension, pain, cold, hot, radiation, jumping and contracture are summarized. Finger force, amplitude, speed and time length are also taken as the basis of reinforcing and reducing manipulations. Moreover, examples are also given to explain the needling technique on some specific points which further embodies Professor WU's unique experiences and understandings on acupuncture.

  20. Valores, Creencias Y Objectivos: Base del programa de la Escuela Experimental P.K. Yonge. (Values, Beliefs and Objectives: The Basis of Experimental Schools P.K. Yonge's Program.)

    Florida Univ., Gainesville. Coll. of Education.

    The values, beliefs, and objectives that form the core of the program at the Experimental School P.K. Yonge in the University of Florida are presented in this paper which is written in Spanish. This experimental school serves approximately 900 students from grades one through twelve. The function of the school is to conduct research to solve…

  1. A mild source for the Wu-Yang magnetic monopole

    Constantinidis, C P; Luchini, G


    We establish that the Wu-Yang monopole needs the introduction of a magnetic point source at the origin in order for it to be a solution of the integral equations for the Yang-Mills theory. That result is corroborated by the analysis of the differential Yang-Mills equations using distribution theory. The subtlety lies on the fact that with the non-vanishing magnetic point source required by the Yang-Mills integral equations, the Wu-Yang monopole configuration does not violate, in the sense of distribution theory, the differential Bianchi identity.

  2. [In memory of Dr. Lien-teh Wu].

    Zhao, P


    Based on materials dealing with early medical activities of Mr. Lien-teh Wu, this paper gives a description to his contribution to modern medical course in China. For examples, he inaugurated the Chinese Medical Journal both in Chinese and English within the same issue, which is the first of its kind in the history of Chinese journals. Moreover, Mr. Wu was also the first to establish modern hospital, port quarantine, banning drug abuse, and many others. He also advocated medical education, gave special attention to traditional medical morality and mottoes. He made substantial medical writing as well. He was a great contributor to the development of China's medicine.

  3. Playing "Catch-Up" with Developing Nations Makes No Sense for U.S.: An Interview with Yong Zhao

    Richardson, Joan


    The United States should not allow itself to be sucked into a competition against developing nations such as China, says Chinese-born American scholar Yong Zhao in an interview with Kappan. Instead, the U.S. should cling to and enhance the characteristics that have made it great, encouraging creativity, flexibility, and curiosity among its…

  4. Kandelia obovata (S., L.) Yong tolerance mechanisms to Cadmium: subcellular distribution, chemical forms and thiol pools.

    Weng, Bosen; Xie, Xiangyu; Weiss, Dominik J; Liu, Jingchun; Lu, Haoliang; Yan, Chongling


    In order to explore the detoxification mechanisms adopted by mangrove under cadmium (Cd) stress, we investigated the subcellular distribution and chemical forms of Cd, in addition to the change of the thiol pools in Kandelia obovata (S., L.) Yong, which were cultivated in sandy culture medium treated with sequential Cd solution. We found that Cd addition caused a proportional increase of Cd in the organs of K. obovata. The investigation of subcellular distribution verified that most of the Cd was localized in the cell wall, and the lowest was in the membrane. Results showed sodium chloride and acetic acid extractable Cd fractions were dominant. The contents of non-protein thiol compounds, Glutathione and phytochelatins in K. obovata were enhanced by the increasing strength of Cd treatment. Therefore, K. obovata can be defined as Cd tolerant plant, which base on cell wall compartmentalization, as well as protein and organic acids combination.


    Ren Xin'an; Wang Shikun; WU Ke


    In this article, we discuss nonsymmetric solutions of the colored Yang-Baxter equation dependent on spectral as well as colored parameters and give all seven-vertex solutions by Wu's method. It is also proved that the solutions are composed of six groups of basic solutions up to five solution transformations. Moreover, all solutions can be classified into two categories called Baxter type and free-fermion type.

  6. Polyomaviruses KI and WU in immunocompromised patients with respiratory disease.

    Mourez, Thomas; Bergeron, Anne; Ribaud, Patricia; Scieux, Catherine; de Latour, Régis Peffault; Tazi, Abdellatif; Socié, Gérard; Simon, François; LeGoff, Jérôme


    Polyomaviruses KI (KIPyV) and WU (WUPyV) were recently identified, mainly in respiratory specimens from children. Among 200 patients with respiratory disorders admitted to Saint Louis Hospital, Paris, France, KIPyV was detected in 8% and WUPyV in 1%. KIPyV was significantly more frequent among human stem cell transplant patients (17.8% vs. 5.1%; p = 0.01).

  7. WU Liangyong:A Great Conductor of "Symphony of Concrete"


    <正> From ancient times to the present, Jiangnan (the region south of the Yangtze River) has been the breeding ground for great talents. While visitors are enchanted by the flamboyance of the decorated boats paddled down the Qinhuai River amidst lantern lights and music played on flutes and drums, countless refined scholars and artists have emerged from this very place.Mr. WU Liangyong, Professor at Tsinghua

  8. Towards a Collective Intelligence: Transmediality and the Wu Ming Project

    Melina Anne Masterson


    Full Text Available Dagli albori della Seconda Repubblica in Italia,  le strategie di dominio sui mass media dell’ex premier Silvio Berlusconi hanno avuto un effetto considerevole sull’immaginario culturale italiano. In un approccio multisensoriale e multimediale alla scrittura, il collettivo Wu Ming mette in questione i paradigmi culturali che negli ultimi venti anni sono diventati egemonici. L’esperienza di un romanzo dei Wu Ming va ben oltre la parola stampata poiché cerca di stimolare tutti i cinque sensi per arricchire il modo in cui il lettore vive quello che c’è sulla pagina, dimostrando esempi chiari della «convergence culture» coniata da Henry Jenkins. Questo saggio esamina l’interazione tra parola e immagine messa in atto dal collettivo tramite il sito Pinterest e illustra come questo aspetto del loro progetto rappresenti un microcosmo di un approccio complessivo alla creazione estetica e alla pratica culturale. Inoltre, questo saggio descrive in che modo il processo collettivo di consumo portato avanti dai Wu Ming contribuisca alla formazione delle «communities of sentiment» di Arjun Appadurai e alla «intelligenza collettiva» di Jenkins. Queste sono formazioni che rivitalizzano il concetto di cultura popolare per la nostra epoca digitale e offrono un’alternativa ad un immaginario culturale italiano sovra-determinato dalle pratiche del Berlusconismo.

  9. [Data mining analysis of professor Li Fa-zhi AIDS herpes zoster medical record].

    Wang, Dan-Ni; Li, Zhen; Xu, Li-Ran; Guo, Hui-Jun


    Analysis of professor Li Fa-zhi in the treatment of AIDS drug laws of herpes zoster and postherpetic neuralgia, provide reference for the use of Chinese medicine treatment of AIDS, herpes zoster and postherpetic neuralgia. By using the method of analyzing the complex network of Weishi county, Henan in 2007 October to 2011 July during an interview with professor Li Fa-zhi treatment of AIDS of herpes zoster and postherpetic neuralgia patients, patients are input structured clinical information collection system, into the analysis of the data, carries on the research analysis theory of traditional Chinese medicine compatibility system algorithm and complex network analysis the use of complex networks. The use of multi-dimensional query analysis of AIDS drugs, the core of herpes zoster and postherpetic neuralgia treated in this study are Scutellariae Radix, Glucyrrhizae Radix, Carthame Flos, Plantaginis Semen, Trichosamthis Fructus, Angelicae Sinensis Radix, Gentianae Radix; core prescription for Longdan Xiegan decoction and Trichosanthes red liquorice decoction. Professor Li Fa-zhi treatment of AIDS, herpes zoster and postherpetic neuralgia by clearing heat and removing dampness and activating blood circulation to.

  10. 浅析邕剧排场戏%A Brief Analysis of "Paichang Play" of Yong Opera

    洪琪; 洪珏


    Yong opera,a unique local dramas,represents peculiar local cultural card of Nanning."Paichang Play",which was developed during Yong opera development process,is the general basic component refined from classical repertoire.The case analysis of"Guoshan Play"and "Shouzhuang Play"shows that "Paichang Play" is the comprehensive application of basic skill and performance program of Yong opera,which should be excavated and organized for educational inheritance,promotion of operas characteristics as well as for local cultural development of Nanning.%邕剧是南宁市独有的地方戏曲剧种,是南宁市独具一格的地方文化名片。"排场戏"是邕剧发展历史上形成的,是从经典剧目中概括提炼出来的一种通用的基本构件。通过对"过山""收状"等实例分析,论证"排场戏"是邕剧基本功和表演程式的综合运用,应及时发掘整理,以利教学传承,弘扬剧种特色,为南宁地方文化发展作出贡献。

  11. Wu Jinglian:No Timetable for RMB Appreciation


    @@ Professor Wu Jinglian recalled the changes of Renminbi exchange rate mechanism and analyzed that before 1994, China had a multi-exchange rate, such as official price and adjustable price, sometimes leading a higher evaluation of Renminbi. Since 1994, China has had a strict control floating exchange rate. After the financial crisis in Southeast Asia, China's neighboring countries as well as the US appealed for non-depreciation of Renminbi.China accepted the appeal and kept a steady exchange rate of Renminbi,which contributed to the economic resurgence of Asia and world.

  12. Wu Jinglian:No Timetable for RMB Appreciation


      Professor Wu Jinglian recalled the changes of Renminbi exchange rate mechanism and analyzed that before 1994, China had a multi-exchange rate, such as official price and adjustable price, sometimes leading a higher evaluation of Renminbi. Since 1994, China has had a strict control floating exchange rate. After the financial crisis in Southeast Asia, China's neighboring countries as well as the US appealed for non-depreciation of Renminbi.China accepted the appeal and kept a steady exchange rate of Renminbi,which contributed to the economic resurgence of Asia and world.……

  13. [Qualitative analysis of chemical constituents in Si-Wu Decoction based on TCM component database].

    Wang, Zhen-fang; Zhao, Yang; Fan, Zi-quan; Kang, Li-ping; Qiao, Li-rui; Zhang, Jie; Gao, Yue; Ma, Bai-ping


    In order to clarify the chemical constituents of Si-Wu Decoction rapidly and holistically, we analyzed the ethanol extract of Si-Wu Decoction by UPLC/Q-TOF-MSE and UNIFI which based on traditional Chinese medicine database, the probable structures of 113 compounds were identified. The results show that this method can rapidly and effectively characterize the chemical compounds of Si-Wu Decoction and provide a new solution for identification of components from complex TCM extract.

  14. Topological field theories on manifolds with Wu structures

    Monnier, Samuel

    We construct invertible field theories generalizing abelian prequantum spin Chern-Simons theory to manifolds of dimension 4ℓ + 3 endowed with a Wu structure of degree 2ℓ + 2. After analyzing the anomalies of a certain discrete symmetry, we gauge it, producing topological field theories whose path integral reduces to a finite sum, akin to Dijkgraaf-Witten theories. We take a general point of view where the Chern-Simons gauge group and its couplings are encoded in a local system of integral lattices. The Lagrangian of these theories has to be interpreted as a class in a generalized cohomology theory in order to obtain a gauge invariant action. We develop a computationally friendly cochain model for this generalized cohomology and use it in a detailed study of the properties of the Wu Chern-Simons action. In the 3-dimensional spin case, the latter provides a definition of the “fermionic correction” introduced recently in the literature on fermionic symmetry protected topological phases. In order to construct the state space of the gauged theories, we develop an analogue of geometric quantization for finite abelian groups endowed with a skew-symmetric pairing. The physical motivation for this work comes from the fact that in the ℓ = 1 case, the gauged 7-dimensional topological field theories constructed here are essentially the anomaly field theories of the 6-dimensional conformal field theories with (2, 0) supersymmetry, as will be discussed elsewhere.

  15. Topological field theories on manifolds with Wu structures

    Monnier, Samuel


    We construct invertible field theories generalizing abelian prequantum spin Chern-Simons theory to manifolds of dimension 4k+3 endowed with a Wu structure of degree 2k+2. After analysing the anomalies of a certain discrete symmetry, we gauge it, producing topological field theories whose path integral reduces to a finite sum, akin to Dijkgraaf-Witten theories. We take a general point of view where the Chern-Simons gauge group and its couplings are encoded in a local system of integral lattices. The Lagrangian of these theories has to be interpreted as a class in a generalized cohomology theory in order to obtain a gauge invariant action. We develop a computationally friendly cochain model for this generalized cohomology and use it in a detailed study of the properties of the Wu Chern-Simons action. In the three-dimensional spin case, the latter provides a definition of the "fermionic correction" introduced recently in the literature on fermionic symmetry protected topological phases. In order to construct the...

  16. On resolution to Wu's conjecture on Cauchy function's exterior singularities

    Theodore Yaotsu Wu


    This is a series of studies on Wu's conjecture and on its resolution to be presented herein. Both are devoted to expound all the comprehensive properties of Cauchy's function f(z) (z = x + iy) and its integral J[∫(z)] = (2πi)-1 φ f(t)(t - z)-1dt taken along the unit circle as contour C, inside which (the open domain D+)f(z) is regular but has singularities distributed in open domain Doutside C. Resolution is given to the inverse problem that the singularities of f(z) can be determined in analytical form in terms of the values f(t) of f(z) numerically prescribed on C (|t| = 1), as so enunciated by Wu's conjecture. The case of a single singularity is solved using complex algebra and analysis to acquire the solution structure for a standard reference. Multiple singularities are resolved by reducing them to a single one by elimination in principle, for which purpose a general asymptotic method is developed here for resolution to the conjecture by induction, and essential singularities aretreated with employing the generalized Hilbert transforms.These new methods are applicable to relevant problems in mathematics, engineering and technology in analogy with resolving the inverse problem presented here.

  17. Topologically Massive Gauge Theory: Wu-Yang Type Solutions

    Saygili, K


    We discuss euclidean topologically massive Wu-Yang type solutions of the Maxwell-Chern-Simons and the Yang-Mills-Chern-Simons theories. The most distinctive feature of these solutions is the existence of a natural scale of length which is determined by the topological mass. The topological mass is proportional to the square of the gauge coupling constant. We find the non-abelian solution by a SU(2) gauge transformation of the abelian magnetic monopole type solution. In the topologically massive electrodynamics the field strength locally determines the gauge potential modulo a closed term via the self-duality equation. We present the Hopf map including the topological mass. The Wu-Yang construction is based on patching up the local potentials by means of a gauge transformation which can be expressed in terms of the magnetic or the electric charges. We also discuss solutions with different first Chern numbers. There exists a fundamental scale of length over which the gauge function is single-valued and periodic...

  18. [Deciphering the argots of the names of materia medica and its dosage in the Yi lin kou pu liu zhi mi shu (A Secret Medical Book of Six Therapies in Rhymes of Medical Professionals)].

    Zhou, Jian; Lin, Shiyi; Liu, Shijue


    Yi lin kou pu liu zhi mi shu (A Secret Medical Book of Six Therapies in Rhymes of Medical Professionals) was additionally compiled, supplemented and annotated by Zhou Sheng, a famous doctor of the Qing Dynasty, based on Yi lin kou pu (Rhymes of Medical Professionals) which was composed by Lu Qi. The book contains four volumes in total, dealing mainly with the miscellaneous diseases of internal medicine, as well as external medicine, gynecology, and pediatrics etc. The syndrome differentiation and treatment, prescriptions and medications in this book has its own characteristic with rather high academic value and practical significance. There were 20 drug names were deciphered by the argots, for instance, "you che" was the argot of golden thread, and "wu yue (May)" was the argot of medicinal evodia fruit, etc. In addition, the argots were often used to decipher numerals and quantifiers, for example, "su, qi, zi, qi, man" referring to 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 respectively, and "huo, pu, xiang, feng, lai" referring to 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 respectively, and "qing","zhong","xi" referring to qian, liang and fen respectively. Hence, deciphering of these argots could help to understand and apply these prescriptions correctly.

  19. Experimental validation of Tsai-Wu failure criteria



    Full Text Available The paper continues recent research of the authors, consisting in experimental determination of Tsai-Wu failure criteria coefficients as well as criteria validation considering a certain composite. The tested composite, polyester resin reinforced with 1x1 fiber glass fabric was in house manufactured by using VARTM technology. Both elastic and ultimate tests were performed in order to define the constitutive equation of the composite and the ultimate answer under complex loading cases. Special test procedures were considered in order to realize a definite complex plane stress state where the components of stress tensor were clear known until the failure moments. The specimens subjected to the tests were flat and cylindrical ones.

  20. Spatial geometry and the Wu-Yang ambiguity

    Freedman, D.Z. [European Organization for Nuclear Research, Geneva (Switzerland). Theory Div.; Khuri, R.R. [European Organization for Nuclear Research, Geneva (Switzerland). Theory Div.


    We display continuous families of SU(2) vector potentials A{sup a}{sub i}(x) in 3 space dimensions which generate the same magnetic field B{sup ai}(x) (with det B {ne} 0). These Wu-Yang families are obtained from the Einstein equation R{sub ij} = -2G{sub ij} derived recently via a local map of the gauge field system into a spatial geometry with 2-tensor G{sub ij} = B{sup a}{sub i}B{sup a}{sub j} det B and connection {Gamma}{sup i}{sub jk} with torsion defined from gauge covariant derivatives of B. (orig.)

  1. Road Accident Analysis: A Case Study of Federal Route FT024 Yong Peng- Parit Sulong

    Mohd Masirin Mohd Idrus


    Full Text Available Traffic accidents are considered as an unplanned and unfortunate event which is a serious concern to the community as well as the authority. An accident-counter measure can reduce the rate of road accidents by initially identifying critical locations. The total of road accidents along FT 024 between 2009 and 2012 is 907 cases. Road accidents during the same period range between 24 % and 26 % each year. These accidents killed 34 people and injuring another 101 people. This research aims to identify factors that may contribute to the cause of accidents and to study the effects of speed, volume and road geometry on road accidents. In this study, the locations labelled as km 1, km 2, km 4, km 8, km 5 and km 14 of Federal Route FT 024 Yong Peng – Parit Sulong were selected as the study-case sections based on Accident Point Weightage of ranking, in which each location has different road characteristics. Speed study was carried out at selected road sections to evaluate the influence of speed upon road accidents; and traffic volume count was conducted at the same selected road sections to determine the existing condition of the route. Besides, road geometry observations and measurements were also conducted at selected sections, they were also studied to evaluate influence of road designs upon road accidents. The extracted data were analyzed by using regression analysis on different variables to evaluate the relationship between accident Weightage point and other dependent variables that were considered to have considerable effects upon road accidents such as mean speed, volume, shoulder width, lane width and access point. P value below 0.05 was considered as statistically significant. After conducting data analysis, this study showed that the number of road accidents increases with the increment of speed and access point. On the other hand, volume has no strong relationship to road accidents which means that it may not have an effect on accidents

  2. Mr. Wu Yaowen Answers Questions About Sino-Foreign Cooperation of Chinese Onshore Oil Industry

    Luo Pu


    @@ The reporter interviewed Mr. Wu Yaowen on June 21, 1994. Mr. Wu, former director of the Department of Energy of State Planning Commission, was transferred to CNPC two months ago to form the International Cooperation Bureau (ICB)and act as director of ICB and president of China National Oil & Gas Exploration and Development Corporation (CNODC).

  3. Effects of Capsule Yi -Zhi on learning and memory disorder and beta-amyloid peptide induced neurotoxicity in rats

    XUJiang-Ping; WUHang-Yu; LILin


    AIM To investigate the effects of Capsule Yi-Zhi (CYZ) on learning and memory disorder and beta-amyloid protein induced neurotoxieity in rats. Methods Various doses of CYZ were administered to Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats for 8 days, twice a day. Then scopolamine hydrobromide (Sco) intraperitoneal injection was performed on each rat and the

  4. Governing Civil Service Pay in China, by Alfred M. Wu. Copenhagen: NIAS Press, 2014. xvi+236 pp

    Brødsgaard, Kjeld Erik


    Book review of: Governing Civil Service Pay in China by Alfred M. Wu. Copenhagen: NIAS Press, 2014.......Book review of: Governing Civil Service Pay in China by Alfred M. Wu. Copenhagen: NIAS Press, 2014....

  5. One Yin-Yang Wu-Xing Model of TCM

    陈树新; 张文然


    Although Yin-Yang Wu-Xing (Yin-Yang and Five-Elements, subsystems of human body) has been the theoretical basis of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) for more than 5 000 years, it has been primarily analytical or empirical in nature without a formal scientific foundation. Based on bipolar set theory, an equilibrium/non-equilibrium computational model of Yin-Yang Wu-Xing is proposed. The Yin-Yang Wu-Xing dynamical systems are formulated so that equilibrium and non-equilibrium conditions can be established and proved. Computer simulations of equilibrium and non-equilibrium processes show that this new approach can provide diagnostic decision support in TCM. Thus, this equilibrium-based approach provides a unique scientific basis for future research in TCM, Qi (vital energy), QiGong, Meridians and Collaterals (acupuncture channels) and herbal treatment. On the other hand, it provides a basic Yin-Yang cellular network architecture for modem scientific research in genomics such that regulation mechanisms of the ubiquitous YY1 protein for cell processes can be explained.%尽管5000多年来阴阳五行说(即阴阳和五种元素一人体的子系统)一直是传统中医的理论基础,但本质上阴阳五行说主要来自于人们的日常分析和经验,缺乏正规的科学依据.我们基于两极学说提出了一种阴阳五行的均衡/非均衡计算模型.文中我们阐述了该阴FEI_E行动态系统,以便于构建和验证均衡和非均衡条件.计算机模拟均衡和非均衡序列的实验表明,这种新方法可以给传统中医提供诊断决策支持.因此,这种基于均衡的方法给传统中医、气(生命力)、气功、经络(针刺通道)、草药医疗等领域未来的研究工作提供了唯一的科学依据.同时,该方法还为现代基因组学的科研工作提供了一个基本的阴阳细胞网络架构,这样的话人们就可以解释细胞序列中普遍存在YYl蛋白质的常规机理了.

  6. Utopian Registers of the New Italian Epic. Wu Ming and the Socially-Symbolic Act

    Kevin Potter


    Full Text Available Registri utopistici della New Italian Epic. Wu Ming e l’atto socialmente simbolicoWu Ming, un collettivo di scrittori fondato nel 2000, cerca di promuovere l’impegno collettivo e la rivoluzione sociale attraverso una ‘mitopoiesi di base’. Costruendo miti che riflettono i problemi e le contraddizioni dell’attuale società italiana, Wu Ming crea una coscienza unificatrice attraverso un’esperienza e un’identità condivise. Creando nuovi eroi popolari, interrogando la storia e resistendo alle visioni dominanti del sistema sociale, Wu Ming si impegna dunque in una mitopoiesi della resistenza politica. L’opera di scrittura politica e di mitopoiesi del gruppo produce quella che Jameson definisce un ‘atto socialmente simbolico’. In The Political Unconscious Jameson suggerisce che tutta la letteratura debba essere letta come ‘una meditazione simbolica sul destino di una comunità’, e che la forma narrativa e simbolica inventa ‘soluzioni’ immaginarie a contraddizioni sociali. Basandosi sulla prospettiva marxista di Jameson, il presente contributo analizza un racconto di Wu Ming, ‘I trecento boscaioli dell’imperatore’. Attraverso questa storia, e con una più ampia analisi dell’operato di Wu Ming, si sostiene che questa culmini in un atto socialmente simbolico. Le storie create da Wu Ming riflettono sul destino dell’oppressa comunità italiana che il collettivo di scrittori rappresenta, rendendo possibile una ‘compensazione utopica’ all’interno dei confini narrativi.

  7. China's IPR Mechanism:A Brilliant Decade——An Exclusive Interview with Li Yong, General Director of China Patent Agent (H.K) Ltd

    Zhao Ailing


    @@ In the past ten years since China's entry into the WTO, great changes have taken place in the domestic and international environment of corporate intellectual property rights.What inspirations can we get from these changes? On this topic, China's Foreign Trade reporter interviewed Li Yong, managing director of China Patent Agent (H.K) Ltd.

  8. Chien-Shiung Wu: An Icon of Physicist and Woman Scientist in China

    Zhu, Yuelin


    Chien-Shiung Wu, the first female president of APS, is a well-known figure in China, a figure who serves as an inspiration for youths, especially young women, to study science and particularly physics. In this presentation, a historical perspective will be used to show how such an icon was formed. Born in 1912, the year of the Republic Revolution, Wu was in the first generation of physicists in China and her college mentor was a student of Marie Curie. When Wu came to the U.S. for graduate studies in the 1930s, it was a ``golden age'' for nuclear physics, and the invention of the cyclotron by E. O. Lawrence put UC Berkeley at the frontier. Wu was trained there, with Lawrence as her advisor, and later became an expert in Beta-decay. In 1956, Wu conceived and initiated the experiment of Cobalt-60, which, together with other two experiments, eventually proved the asymmetry of parity in weak-interactions, a hypothesis proposed by T. D. Lee and C. N. Yang. The importance of the experiment gained Wu an enormous reputation which spread even to China, when this was a period of hostility in Sino-American relations, and near total isolation due to the Cold-War. Wu was the daughter of a revolutionary, and an activist in college in patriotic student movements, and she combined this background with her scientific career as the way of ``Saving China with Science,'' a common belief reflecting the Zeitgeist of her time. Although she spent most of her life in the U.S., Wu never wavered in her love for or loyalty to her motherland. Her patriotism, as well as her scientific achievement, made Wu a legend in China, being called ``the Chinese Madam Curie.'' Even during the Cultural Revolution, a novel supposedly taking Wu as the original model was very popular in underground circles, widely spread by hand-written-copies. From 1979-1988, the CUSPEA program enrolled hundreds of China's best graduate students into physics departments in American universities. Although Wu herself was not

  9. ZHANG Ji-zhi (张继志)A Pioneer of Integrated Mental Health


    @@Professor ZHANG Ji-zhi, who was born in Weifang City, Shandong Province, was graduated from Shandong University, School of Medicine in 1952. He took further training in Traditional Chinese Medicine Class (on leave) and graduated in 1976. He had served successively as director for Department of Psychiatry, Vice-Superintendent and Chief Psychiatrist of Beijing Anding Hospital. At present, he is Professor of Psychiatry, Beijing Anding Hospital, affiliated to Capital Univeristy of Medical Sciences. He also plays the role of a member of standing committee of China Association for Mental Health and Chairman of Society of Psychosomatic Medicine, Vice-President of Beijing Association for Mental Health, and Honorary Director of Committee of Mental Illness, China Association for the Integration of Traditional and Western Medicine. In addition, Prof. ZHANG is vice editor-in-chief for Chinese Mental Health Journal, standing editor for Chinese Journal of Psychiatry, and consultative editor for Chinese Journal of Nervous and Mental Diseases.

  10. 马云枝教授从肝论治失眠经验%Clinical experience of Professor MA Yun-zhi for treating insomnia



    Professor MA Yun-zhi is good at treating insomnia. This article introduce the clinical experience of Professor MA Yun-zhi in treating insomnia by the liver treating%  马云枝教授擅长治疗失眠,本文总结了马云枝教授从肝论治失眠的临床经验。

  11. Effect of healthy Qigong “WuQinXi” exercise on peripheral blood T ...



    Jul 19, 2010 ... Moreover, the effect was better in female practitioners than male ones. This data suggest that “WuQinXi” exercise may improve immunity function of elderly practitioners. .... practitioners exhibit smaller increases in the index of.

  12. For Our founding father of ABRC, Prof. Ray Wu (1928-2008)

    Ning-Sun Yang; Chun-Wen Lan


    @@ Dr. Ray Wu, the Liberty Hyde Bailey Professor of Molecular Biology and Genetics at Comell University, passed away on Sunday, February 10, 2008, at the age of 79. Dr. Wu was a pioneer in DNA sequencing and recombinant DNA technology, a renowned scientist in rice genetic engineering, a strong and tong time advocate for scientific research and education in Chinese Taipei and Chinese Mainland, and most of all, a genuine mentor and true friend to many of us, worldwide and at ABRC.

  13. Wu Mart Lands Hong Kong:A Hint to Mainland Retailers


    One of the biggest chain supermarkets in Beijing——Wu Mart Group Co., Ltd. has been listed on Growth Enterprise Market of Hong Kong as the new share with most funds.The opening offer of the stock is HK$8 which is up 29% of the IPO HK$ 6.22. On the contrary to Bear Market in mainland, Wu Mart stock has been the favor of Hong Kong market that give morc confidence to mainland retailers.

  14. [Clinical study on professor Wu Lian-zhong's experience in acupuncture treatment for facial paralysis].

    Tang, Yan; Zheng, Li-juan; Yin, Li-li


    This paper introduce the professor WU Lian-zhong's clinical experience in acupuncture treatment for facial paralysis. Professor WU emphasizes the treatment based on syndrome differentiation. The appropriate theory, method, prescription and acupoints should be applied according to observing the subtle details of syndromes and differentiating the state of diseases development, so as to obtain effectiveness, to shorten the duration of treatment course and to reduce sequelae. The concrete methods of prognosis diagnosis for facial paralysis and three effective cases are introduced.

  15. Effects of Compound Yi-Zhi on D-galactose-induced learning and memory deficits in mice

    XUJiang-Ping; WUHang-Yu; LILin


    AIM: To explore the effects of Compound Yi-Zhi (YZC) on learning and memory capacity and free radical metabolism in D-galactose induced mice dementia model. METHODS: The mice dementia model was induced by a daily D-galactose 0.15g/kg sc for 45 days and after 5 days'D-galactose injection, the mice were treated with three doses of YZC

  16. Lattice models and integrability: a special issue in honour of F Y Wu

    Guttmann, A. J.; Jacobsen, J. L.


    Fa Yueh (Fred) Wu was born on 5 January 1932 in Nanking (now known as Nanjing), China, the capital of the Nationalist government. Wu began kindergarten in 1937 in a comfortable setting, as his father held a relatively high government position. But the Sino-Japanese war broke out in July 1937, and Nanking fell to Japanese hands in November. Fleeing the Japanese, his parents brought Wu to their hometown in Hunan, and then to the war capital Chungking (now Chongqing) in 1938, where they lived for eight years until the end of the war. Around that time the Japanese began bombing Chungking, and Wu's childhood memories were dominated by air raids, bombings and burning not dissimilar to those experienced by Londoners during the war. At times the air raids lasted for days disrupting everyday lives in Chungking, including Wu's schooling. One day during a fierce bombing raid, a bomb fell in their garden reducing a pavilion and the surrounding pond to a huge crater; another bomb fell just a few metres from the tunnel where his family took shelter, almost sealing the only entrance. The family moved the very next day to the countryside. As a result of the war, Wu attended seven schools before finishing his primary education. Fortunately, by the time he entered junior high school in 1943, the Japanese forces were on the wane and Wu entered the elite middle school, Nankai. His early academic performance in Nankai seemed to him mediocre, but he nevertheless impressed his geometry teacher by showing bursts of talent. With hindsight, this early interest in geometry may have led to his later insights in graphical analyses of statistical systems. The family returned to Nanking in 1946 after the Victory over Japan Day. By this time his father had become elected to the Legislative Yuan, the equivalent of the US Senate. Wu entered high school in Nanking in 1946. Since he came from an elite school in Chungking, he excelled in most of his classes, especially mathematics. Notwithstanding his

  17. Teacher Bian-zhi Bank:New Mechanism of Teacher "Bian-zhi" Allocation in Compulsory Education Stage Under Background of Urbanization%教师编制银行——城镇化背景下义务教育教师编制配置的新机制

    姜超; 邬志辉


    Educational population mass lfow becomes a new normal phenomenon under the background of urbanization. Educational population mass flow increases in demand of teacher flow. Many influent factors of teacher flow can be focused on teacher "Bian-zhi"problem. Traditional allocation mode of "teacher Bian-zhi" has some obvious disadvantages. Teacher "Bian-zhi" marketing conforms to the trend of government function innovation. Teacher "Bian-zhi" bank——including six basic elements "vacancy area, redundant area, deposition Bian-zhi, loan Bian-zhi, Bian-zhi interest, Bian-zhi principal"——is a beneifcial exploration to teachers "Bian-zhi" resource allocation. At the same time, teachers "Bian-zhi" bank operation also need to meet certain conditions, and teachers "Bian-zhi" marketing does not conlfict with the administrative mode.%城镇化背景下教育人口大规模流动成为新常态.教育人口大规模流动提高了教师流动需求.教师流动的诸多影响因素可以聚焦于"教师编制"问题.传统教师编制配置的行政模式存在缺陷.教师编制市场化运作符合政府职能转变大趋势.由"缺编地区、超编地区、存入编制、借贷编制、编制利息、编制本金"六个基本要素所构成的教师编制银行运行模式,是对教师编制资源优化配置的有益探索.同时,教师编制银行的运作也需要满足一定条件,教师编制配置的市场模式同行政模式并不矛盾.

  18. Peng Sunyi and Liu Kou Zhi, Ping Kou Zhi:Concurrently Discuss the Boundary of Variant Reading%彭孙贻与《流寇志》《平寇志》--兼论异文的边界问题



    Liu Kou Zhi and Ping Kou Zhi is very similar in content and title, but they should be different books written by different authors. The author of Liu Kou Zhi is undoubtedly Peng Sunyi, and the book has several versions in its spreading process. Ping Kou Zhi is probably written by Guange Shanren, which is on the basis of Liu Kou Zhi. Thus Liu Kou Zhi and Ping Kou Zhi completely cross over the boundary of variant text. Ancient literature is usually mistakenly copied and deliberately tampered in its process of circulation, which is exactly reflected by Peng Sunyi’s Liu Kou Zhi.%《流寇志》与《平寇志》虽内容与书名均非常相似,但实际应当是不同作者编著的两种书籍。《流寇志》的作者是彭孙贻无疑,只是在传抄过程中出现了多个版本;而《平寇志》可能是由“管葛山人”据《流寇志》删改而成,完全跨越了异文的边界。古籍文献在流转的过程中往往会出现传抄错误和被人篡改的情形,彭孙贻所著《流寇志》正好能说明这两种状况。

  19. 吴地剑舞考%The Generation of Sword Dance of Wu

    符姗姗; 罗莉莎


    As one of the important carrier of Wu culture,the sword dance is featured by traditional Chi-nese culture.This article discusses the generation of Sword Dance of Wu driven by the Wu cultural and its relevance with Wu culture;describes the development of sword dance in the period of stable development, the period of great prosperity,in multi-cultural period and contemporary era;demonstrates in detail the performances and performance style of sword dance in Tang Dynasty;and finally sums up the culture fea-tures and rules of development of sword dance,It has meaningful reference for historical research on the sword dance of Wu.%作为吴地文化的重要载体之一,剑舞具有其独特的中国传统文化特色。论述了吴文化背景推动下吴地剑舞的产生过程及其与吴文化的历史关联,阐述了剑舞在平稳发展期、鼎盛时期、多元融合期以及当代发展时期的不同状态,详细论述了剑舞在唐代的表演形式和表演风格,总结了剑舞的文化特色和发展规律。

  20. Plant Regeneration from In Vitro Cultured Hypocotyl Explants of Euonymus japonicus Cu zhi


    Adventitious shoots were successfully regenerated from hypocotyl explants of in vitro cultures of Euonymus japonicus Cu zhi. Hypocotyl slices were cultured on Murashige and Skoog (MS) and B5 basal medium supplemented with varied concentration of different plant growth-regulators, e.g., α-naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA) and indole-3-butyric acid (IBA) in combination with 6-benzylaminopurine (6-BA) and kinetin. The study showed that shoots could be directly regenerated from hypocotyl explants without the intervening callus phase; MS medium was more suitable for adventitious shoots regeneration. The ability of hypocotyls segments to produce shoots varied depending upon their position on the seedlings. The highest regeneration rate was obtained with hypocotyl segments near to the cotyledon cultured on MS basal medium supplemented with 1.5 mg L-1 6-BA and 0.05 mg L-1 NAA (63.64%). The regenerated shoots were readily elongated on the same medium as used for multiplication and rooted on half-strength MS basal medium supplemented with 1.0 mg L-1 IBA and 100 mg L-1 activated carbon. After being transferred to greenhouse conditions, 96% of the plantlets were successfully acclimatized. This regeneration system is applied for genetic transformation now.

  1. Gua Lou Gui Zhi decoction attenuates post‑stroke spasticity via the modulation of GABAB receptors.

    Zhu, Xiaoqin; Hu, Haixia; Li, Zuanfang; Lin, Ruhui; Mao, Jingjie; Chen, Lidian


    The aim of the present study was to investigate the mechanisms underlying the neuroprotective and antispastic effects of Gua Lou Gui Zhi decoction (GLGZD) in a rat model of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). The MCAO rats were treated with GLGZD (14.3 g/kg body weight) once a day for a period of seven days. Neurological deficit scores and screen tests were analyzed every other day. Following treatment with GLGZD for 7 days, the ischemic infarct volume of the rat brains was measured using 2,3,5‑triphenyl tetrazolium chloride staining. Reverse transcription‑polymerase chain reaction was performed in order to determine the mRNA expression levels of γ‑amino butyric acid B (γ‑GABAB) receptor (R) in the cortical infarct region. Furthermore, the protein expression levels of GABAB R were detected in the cortical infarct region by western blot analysis. Following 7 days, treatment with GLGZD significantly ameliorated the neurological defects and cerebral infarction in the MCAO rats. In addition, treatment with GLGZD ameliorated motor performance in the MCAO rats, as determined by screen tests. Furthermore, GLGZD was able to upregulate the mRNA and protein expression levels of GABAB1 R and GABAB2 R in the ischemic cerebral cortex. The results of the present study suggested that GLGZD may exert neuroprotective and antispastic effects in a cerebral ischemia model, through upregulating the expression of GABAB R.

  2. Comparative in vitro dissolution of two commercially available Er-Zhi-Wan herbal medicinal products

    M Wang


    Full Text Available In vitro dissolution test is an essential tool to assess the quality of herbal medicinal products in the solid dosage forms for oral use. Our work aimed to evaluate the dissolution behavior of Er-Zhi-Wan, in the formulations of water-honeyed pill and formula granule. Different media (water, 30% EtOH, 0.1 M HCl, acetate buffer, pH 4.5 and phosphate buffer, pH 6.8 were used following United States Pharmacopoeia and Chinese Pharmacopeia. An ultra-high performance liquid chromatography method was developed and validated to detect simultaneously six active ingredients for quantification and dissolution study (salidroside, specnuezhenide, nuezhenoside, luteolin, apigenin, oleanolic acid. As we observed, contents of main active ingredients were close in the two formulations for daily dose. In each medium, more ingredients dissolved from formula granule with higher Ymax and Ka. The mean dissolution time of the most ingredients in granule was significantly shorter than that in pill in acetate buffer, pH 4.5 and phosphate buffer, pH 6.8. Furthermore, salidroside, specnuezhenide and luteolin dissolved more than 80% in 30 min from formula granule, which indicated higher solubility along the intestinal tract according to biopharmaceutics classification system. The dissolution test developed and validated was adequate for its purposes and could be applied for quality control of herbal medicine. This work also can be used to provide necessary information on absorption for its biopharmaceutical properties.

  3. Analysis of astronomical records of King Wu's Conquest

    LIU; Ciyuan


    ., Wampler, E. J., Gaskell, C. M., Emission-line properties of optically and radio-selected complete quasars samples, Astrophys. J., 1989, 338: 630.[13]Yong, P., Sargent, W. L. W. A., High-resolution study of the absorption spectra of three QSOs: evidence for cosmological evolution in the lyman-alpha lines, Astrophys. J., 1982, 252: 10.[14]Lawrence, J., Zucker, J. R., Readhead, A. C. S. et al., Optical spectra of a complete sample of radio sources I. The spectra, Astrophys. J. Suppl., 1996, 107: 541.[15]Junkkarinen, V. T. , Burbidge E. M. , Smith, H. E. , Spectrophyotometry of six broad absoption line QSOs, Astrophys. J. ,1987, 317, 460.[16]Laor, A., Babcall, J. N., Jannuzi, B. T. et al., The ultraviolet emission properties of 13 quasars, Astrophys. J. Suppl.,1995, 99: 1.[17]Baldwin, J. A., Rees, M. J., Longair, M. S. et al., QSOs with narrow emission lines, Astrophys. J., 1988, 327: 103.[18]Shaver, P. A. , Boksenberg A. , Robertson, J. G. , Spectroscopy of the QSO pair Q0028 + 003/Q0029 + 003, Astrophys.J., 1982, 261: L7.[19]Baldwin, J. A., Netzer, H., The emission-line regions of high-redshift QSOs, Astrophys. J., 1978, 226: 1.[20]Wills, B. J., Thompson, K. L., Han, M. et al. , The Hubble space telescope sample of radio-loud quasars: Ultraviolet spectra of the first 31 quasars, Astrophys. J., 1995, 447: 139.[21]Osmer, P. S., Smith, M. G. , Discovery and spectroscopic observations of 27 optical selected quasars with 1.4 < z < 2.5,Astrophys. J., 1977, 213: 607.[22]Storrie-Lombardi, L. J., McMabon, R. G., Irwin, M. J. et al., APM Z > = 4 QSO Survey: Spectra and Intervening Ab-sorption Systems, Astrophys. J., 1996, 468: 121.[23]Young, P. , Sargent, W. L. W. , Boksenberg, A. , Clv absorption in an unbiased sample of 33 QSOs: evidence for the inter-vening galaxy hypothesis, Astrophys. J. Suppl., 1982, 48: 455.[24]Zitelli, V., Mignoli, M., Zarano, B. et al., A spectroscopically complete sample of quasars with Bj ≤ 22

  4. 吴澄论"心"%Wu Cheng's Theory on Xin



    Moral nature theory is the core of Neo-Confucianism. Wu Cheng is a famous philosopher of Yuan Dynasty. His thought on moral nature theory is complex and grand. In order to understand correctly content and significance of Xin, Wu Cheng stud-ied on Xin from three aspects as follows. First, Wu Cheng proposed Mind Is Great, Wu Cheng analyzed the three basic meaning of Xin, which is thinking, dominating, and having moral attribute. Then Wu Cheng elucidated the moral attribute of Xin, combining the idea of "Mind Is Humanity" in his theory. Finally, Wu Cheng set forth the abundant signification in Xin and Tao to clarify the misun-derstanding of Xin and put the school of Xin into Confucian orthodoxy on the basis of Mind Contains Tao.%元代理学家吴澄的心性论内容丰富,寓意深远. 吴澄从心能弘、心即仁及心具道三方面,结合"仁"、"道"、"理"等重要范畴对心性之可能及其形上根据进行充分论述,并以"弘"强调主体的道德自觉在心性之动态展开与现实呈现过程中的重要性. 吴澄以"弘"统贯心的三种基本含义(即知觉之义、主宰之义以及道德之义),并以"仁"为本心之全德. 在此基础上,吴澄通过对"心"的辨析疏理,为心学正名,将心学纳入儒家道统,体现了其弘扬心性的治学取向.

  5. The Pronunciation and Transformation of Xie She and Zhi She in Shanyin Dialect%山阴方言蟹止两摄的读音及演变



    In Shanyin dialect, Xie She(蟹)and Zhi She(止摄)evolution is relatively complex. By comparing Xie She and Zhi She in Med-century phonology and the pronunciation of Shanyin dialect, This article found that Xie She and Zhi She still keep some ancient phonetic features in Shanyin dialect in the process of the phonetic transformation.%蟹摄和止摄在山阴方言中演变比较复杂。通过中古音韵蟹止两摄与山阴方言的读音比较看出,在语音演变过程中,蟹止两摄在山阴方言中保留了一些较古老的语音特征。

  6. Applications of interval arithmetic in solving polynomial equations by Wu's elimination method

    CHEN; Falai; YANG; Wu


    Wu's elimination method is an important method for solving multivariate polynomial equations. In this paper, we apply interval arithmetic to Wu's method and convert the problem of solving polynomial equations into that of solving interval polynomial equations. Parallel results such as zero-decomposition theorem are obtained for interval polynomial equations. The advantages of the new approach are two-folds: First, the problem of the numerical instability arisen from floating-point arithmetic is largely overcome. Second,the low efficiency of the algorithm caused by large intermediate coefficients introduced by exact compaction is dramatically improved. Some examples are provided to illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm.

  7. The Hintermann-Merlini-Baxter-Wu and the infinite-coupling-limit Ashkin-Teller models

    Huang Yuan, E-mail: [Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at Microscale and Department of Modern Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026 (China); Deng Youjin, E-mail: [Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at Microscale and Department of Modern Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026 (China); Jacobsen, Jesper Lykke, E-mail: [Laboratoire de Physique Theorique, Ecole Normale Superieure, 24 rue Lhomond, 75231 Paris (France); Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, 4 place Jussieu, 75252 Paris (France); Salas, Jesus, E-mail: [Grupo de Modelizacion, Simulacion Numerica y Matematica Industrial, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Avda. de la Universidad 30, 28911 Leganes (Spain); Grupo de Teorias de Campos y Fisica Estadistica, Instituto Gregorio Millan, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Unidad asociada al IEM-CSIC, Madrid (Spain)


    We show how the Hintermann-Merlini-Baxter-Wu model (which is a generalization of the well-known Baxter-Wu model to a general Eulerian triangulation) can be mapped onto a particular infinite-coupling-limit of the Ashkin-Teller model. We work out some mappings among these models, also including the standard and mixed Ashkin-Teller models. Finally, we compute the phase diagram of the infinite-coupling-limit Ashkin-Teller model on the square, triangular, hexagonal, and kagome lattices.

  8. For Our founding father of ABRC,Prof. Ray Wu (1928—2008)


    Dr. Ray Wu, the Liberty Hyde Bailey Professor of Mo-lecular Biology and Genetics at Cornell University, passed away on Sunday, February 10, 2008, at the age of 79. Dr. Wu was a pioneer in DNA sequencing and recombinant DNA technology, a renowned scientist in rice genetic engi-neering, a strong and long time advocate for scientific re-search and education in Chinese Taipei and Chinese Mainland, and most of all, a genuine mentor and true friend to many of us, worldwide and at ABRC.

  9. The Effects of Jiang-Zhi-Ning and Its Main Components on Cholesterol Metabolism

    Jianxin Chen


    Full Text Available To examine how Jiang-Zhi-Ning (JZN regulates cholesterol metabolism and compare the role of its four main components. We established a beagle model of hyperlipidemia, fed with JZN extract and collected JZN-containing serum 0, 1, 2, 4, and 6 h later. Human liver cells Bel-7402 were stimulated with 10% JZN-containing serum as well as the four main components of JZN and Atorvastatin. The mRNA expression of LDL receptor (LDL-R, 3-hydroxy-3-methyl-glutaryl-CoA reductase (HMG-CoAR, cytochrome P450 7A1 (CYP7A1, and acetyl-Coenzyme A acetyltransferase 2 (ACAT2 was measured by real-time PCR. LDL-R surface expression and LDL-binding and internalization were examined by flow cytometry. The results showed that JZN-containing serum significantly increased the mRNA expression of LDL-R, HMG-CoAR, and CYP7A1 in Bel-7402 cells. All the four components significantly increased the mRNA and protein expression of LDL-R and HMG-CoAR and decreased the mRNA and protein expression of ACAT2 in Bel-7402 cells. Hyperinand chrysophanol also markedly increased the mRNA expression of CYP7A1. Stimulation with stilbene glycosidesignificantly increased the surface expression of LDL-R and the binding and internalization of LDL. In conclusion, JZN and its four components have close relationship with the process of cholesterol metabolism, emphasizing their promising application as new drug candidates in the treatment of hyperlipidemia.

  10. 邵雍思想中的性命之学%Learning of Life and Destiny in Shao Yong's Thought



    性命之学在邵雍学说中占有比较独特的地位,其学贯儒道二教,并在人性学说上将两家的思想加以融合,建构了一套独特的思想学说.在人性论方面秉承着儒家的道德伦理观念,并使之与道家的自然学说相融合,将人的自然属性和社会属性融合在一起,其从人的自然属性方面入手,指出人灵于万物,同时又以儒家的道德属性为终点,以仁义礼智等来论述性命之学,为后世人性学的发展提供一种发展之路.%The learning of life and destiny takes a unique position in ShaoYong's theory which combines the thoughts of Confucianism and Taoism in life and destiny theory and then constructs his own one. In accordance with the ethical and moral rules of Confucianism in the theory of human nature while linking it with the naturalistic explanations of Taoism, he combines the natural qualities of human being withthe social quality. Starting with the natural quality of human being, he points out that human being is superior to everything in the universe. At the same time, ending with the moral attribute of Confucianism, he analyzes life and destiny theory based onthe four cardinal virtues of humanity, justice, propriety and wisdom which pushes the development of the learning of life and destiny in later ages.

  11. Chemical compositions of PM2.5 aerosol during haze periods in the mountainous city of Yong'an, China

    Liqian Yin; Zhenchuan Niu; Xiaoqiu Chen; Jinsheng Chen; Lingling Xu; Fuwang Zhang


    Haze phenomena were found to have an increasing tendency in recent years in Yong'an,a mountainous industrial city located in the center part of Fujian Province,China.Atmospheric fine particles (PM2.5) in the urban area during haze periods in three seasons (spring,autumn and winter) from 2007 to 2008 were collected,and the mass concentrations and chemical compositions (seventeen elements,water soluble inorganic ions (WSlls) and carbonaceous Slecies) of PM2.5 were determined.PM25 mass concentrations did not show a distinct difference among the three seasons.The carbonaceous species organic carbon (OC) and elemental carbon (EC) constituted up to 19.2%-30.4% of the PM2.5 mass during sampling periods,while WSIIs made up 25.3%-52.5% of the PM2.5 mass.The major ions in PM2.5 were SO42-,NO3- and NH4+,while the major elements were Si,K,Pb,Zn,Ca and Al.The experimental results (from data based on three haze periods with a 10-day sampling length for each period) showed that the crustal element species was the most abundant component of PM2.5 in spring,and the secondary ions species (SO42-,NO3-,NH4+,etc.) was the most abundant component in PM2.5 in autumn and winter.This indicated that dust was the primary pollution source for PM2.5 in spring and combustion and traffic emissions could be the main pollution sources for PM2.5 in autumn and winter.Generally,coal combustion and traffic emissions were considered to be the most prominent pollution sources for this city on haze days.

  12. Whole-genome characterization and genotyping of global WU polyomavirus strains

    Bialasiewicz, Seweryn; Rockett, Rebecca; Whiley, David W.; Abed, Yacine; Allander, Tobias; Binks, Michael; Boivin, Guy; Cheng, Allen C.; Chung, Ju-Young; Ferguson, Patricia E.; Gilroy, Nicole M.; Leach, Amanda J.; Lindau, Cecilia; Rossen, John W.; Sorrell, Tania C.; Nissen, Michael D.; Sloots, Theo P.


    Exploration of the genetic diversity of WU polyomavirus (WUV) has been limited in terms of the specimen numbers and particularly the sizes of the genomic fragments analyzed. Using whole-genome sequencing of 48 WUV strains collected in four continents over a 5-year period and 16 publicly available wh

  13. Critical behavior of the spin-$1/2$ Baxter-Wu model: Entropic sampling simulations

    Jorge, L N; Caparica, A A


    In this work we use a refined entropic sampling technique based on the Wang-Landau method to study the spin-$1/2$ Baxter-Wu model. The static critical exponents were determined as $\\alpha=0.6545(68)$, $\\beta=0.0818(30)$, $\\gamma=1.18193(77)$, and $\

  14. WU Polyomavirus in Respiratory Epithelial Cells from Lung Transplant Patient with Job Syndrome

    Siebrasse, Erica A.; Pastrana, Diana V.; Nguyen, Nang L.; Wang, Annie; Roth, Mark J.; Holland, Steven M.; Freeman, Alexandra F.; McDyer, John; Buck, Christopher B.


    We detected WU polyomavirus (WUPyV) in a bronchoalveolar lavage sample from lungs transplanted into a recipient with Job syndrome by using immunoassays specific for the WUPyV viral protein 1. Co-staining for an epithelial cell marker identified most WUPyV viral protein 1–positive cells as respiratory epithelial cells. PMID:25531075

  15. International Civil Aviation Co-operation Reinforced Wu Nianzu attends Asia Aviation Exhibition


    <正>Wu Nianzu, chairman and president of the Shanghai Airport (Group) Company, was invited by Huang Wenliang, director of Singapore Civil Aviation Administration, to attend 2004 Asia Aviation Exhibition held in Singapore on February 22 to 28. His party included Wang Guangdi, vice president of the company.They attended the opening ceremony, visited the

  16. Ray Wu, Cornell's acclaimed pioneer of genetic engineering and developer of insect-resistant rice


    @@ ITHACA, N.Y. - Ray J. Wu, Comell University professor of molecular biology and genetics, who was widely recognized as one of the fathers of genetic engineering and who developed and sought to feed the world with a higher yielding rice that resists insects and drought, died of cardiac arrest in Ithaca, Feb. 10.

  17. Production of keratinolytic enzyme by an indigenous feather-degrading strain Bacillus cereus Wu2.

    Lo, Wei-Hsun; Too, Jui-Rze; Wu, Jane-Yii


    A novel feather-degrading microorganism was isolated from a poultry farm in Taiwan, and was identified Bacillus cereus Wu2 according to 16S rRNA sequencing. The isolated strain produces keratinolytic enzyme using chicken feather as the sole carbon and nitrogen source. The experimental results indicated that the extra carbon sources (glucose, fructose, starch, sucrose, or lactose) could act as a catabolite repressor to the enzyme secretion or keratinolytic activity when keratinous substrates were employed as protein sources. However, addition of 2 g/L of NH(4)Cl to the feather medium increased the enzyme production. The optimum temperature and initial pH for enzyme production were 30°C and 7.0, respectively. The maximum yield of the enzyme was 1.75 kU/mL in the optimal chicken feather medium; this value was about 17-fold higher than the yield in the basal hair medium. The B. cereus Wu2 possessed disulfide reductase activity along with keratinolytic activity. The amino acid contents of feathers degradated by B. cereus Wu2 were higher, especially for lysine, methionine and threonine which were nutritionally essential amino acids and usually deficient in the feather meal. Thus, B. cereus Wu2 could be not only used to enhance the nutritional value of feather meal but is also a potential bioinoculant in agricultural environments.

  18. [Professor Wu Bing-huang's experiences in acupuncture treatment of facial paralysis].

    Huang, Dong-e; Wu, Qiang; Chen, Chuan-jiang


    Professor WU Bing-huang's unique experiences in acupuncture treatment of facial paralysis are introduced. He excellently uses anatomical and pathological knowledge of facial nerves, selecting acupoints according to nervous distribution, selecting needling methods according to the nervous trend, selecting acupuncture stimulation amount according to pathological changes and judging prognosis according to affected position.

  19. On the de Rham-Wu decomposition for Riemannian and Lorentzian manifolds

    Galaev, Anton S


    It is explained how to find the de~Rham decomposition of a Riemannian manifold and the Wu decomposition of a Lorentzian manifold. For that it is enough to find parallel symmetric bilinear forms on the manifold, and do some linear algebra. This result will allow to compute the connected holonomy group of an arbitrary Riemannian or Lorentzian manifold.

  20. From life state to ecological consciousness: on Wang Yangming's "natural principles of order within the realm of liang zhi"


    Wang Yangming argues that the life state of a virtuous person is "forming one body with Heaven,Earth and the myriad things." For instance,in watching a child fall into a well,he cannot help feeling alarmed and commiserate;In observing the pitiful cries and frightened appearance of animals,he cannot help feeling "unable to bear" their suffering;In seeing plants destroyed or files shattered,he cannot help but feel pity and regret and so forth.At the same time,he also stresses that there is a natural order of values with the help of which a human being deals with the myriad things,namely the natural principles of order within the realm of liang zhi.From a practical perspective,Yangming integrated these two aspects into a spontaneously psychological "self-consciousness and an intuition of judgment and choice.Under its direction and instruction,human beings cannot only generally care for the myriad things,but also make reasonable use of them.Therefore,the significant reference to "the natural principles of order within the realm of liang zhi" involves the harmony between nature and human beings from life state to ecological consciousness.

  1. Anxiolytic and neuroprotective effects of the Traditional Chinese Medicinal formulation Dan-zhi-xiao-yao-san in a rat model of chronic stress.

    Cao, Guo-Ping; Gui, Dan; Fu, Lu-Di; Guo, Zhou-Ke; Fu, Wen-Jun


    Dan-zhi-xiao-yao-san is a Traditional Chinese Medicinal formulation widely used for the treatment of neuropsychological disorders. The present study examined the anxiolytic and neuroprotective effects of Dan-zhi-xiao-yao-san in a rat model of chronic stress. The results of an elevated plus maze test showed that Dan‑zhi‑xiao‑yao‑san significantly attenuated the levels of anxiety-induced stress as evidenced by increases in the time spent in the open arm region, as well as the percentage of entries into this area. In addition, Dan-zhi-xiao-yao-san alleviated stress‑induced neuronal death, as indicated by histological examination. Furthermore, mechanistic studies suggested that the anxiolytic and neuroprotective effects of Dan-zhi-xiao-yao-san may be mediated via attenuation of chronic stress‑induced upregulation of α‑synuclein and corticosterone, and downregulation of protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) in the hippocampal region of the brain at the mRNA and protein level. In addition, Dan‑zhi‑xiao‑yao‑san decreased the serum levels of stress‑induced corticosterone in the model animals. In conclusion, the present study demonstrated that Dan‑zhi‑xiao‑yao‑san exerted anxiolytic and neuroprotective effects in a rat model of chronic stress via attenuation of stress‑induced upregulation of α‑synuclein and corticosterone, and downregulation of PP2A in the hippocampus.

  2. 用"需求层次理论"解读曹植悲情人生%Interpretation of Cao Zhi's Tragic Life with Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs



    Maslow's hierarchy of needs can be divided into five levels in the shape of pyramids. From the low to the high, they are respectively physiological needs, safety needs, love and belonging needs, esteem needs and self-actualization needs. Cao Zhi's life can be divided into two parts, i.e. the period of time before Cao Pi becomes the emperor of Wei and the period of time after that. The former part of Cao Zhi's life is full of independence and freedom, and his needs are greatly satisfied. Cao Zhi lives a happy and full life. Howev-er, in the latter part of his life, things have changed dramatically. Under the great pressure of being suspected and persecuted by Cao Pi and his son Cao Rui, Cao Zhi's needs cannot be met, which directly leads to Cao Zhi's tragic life.%马斯洛需求层次理论用金字塔的形式把人的需求分为五个层次,从低到高依次为生理需求、安全需求、爱和归属需求、尊重需求和自我实现需求.纵观曹植的一生,以建安二十五年(220年)曹丕继曹操为魏王为界,曹丕称帝前,曹植的需求能得到极大满足和实现,曹植的人生是幸福的,充实的;而曹丕称帝后,由于受到曹丕父子的猜忌和迫害,曹植的人生发生了急剧变化,需求无法得到满足和实现,这直接导致了曹植的悲情人生.

  3. Wu-Manber Multi-pattern Matching Algorithm Based on CUDA%基于CUDA的Wu-Manber多模式匹配算法

    马计; 王国平; 杨明


    Multi-pattern matching is a basic problem in computer science and used in many fields,in some cases,also the most time-consuming. GPU has more parallel computing capabilities than the CPU. With the introduction of CUD A,GPU computing for general purpose parallel programming becomes easier. This paper proposes Wu-Manber multi-pattern matching algorithm based on the CUD A,and evaluating the implementations we have achieved speedups up to 10 faster than the sequential implementations.%多模式匹配是计算机科学中最基本的问题,其应用在许多领域,在一些情形下也是比较耗时的.GPU拥有比CPU更强的并行计算能力,随着CUDA架构的推出,GPU用于通用计算领域的并行编程工作变得更加轻松.实现了基于CUDA架构的Wu-Manber多模式匹配算法,实验结果表明,相比传统串行算法而言,本文的实现获得了10倍以上的加速.




    In this paper, faunal remains unearthed from six shell midden sites along Yong River are discussed. The sites are located in Nanning city and Yongning county which include Baozitou( located in the first terrace of the left side of Yong River, 2km southwest of Nabei village, Liusha horticultural field, southeast of Nanning city), Huiyaotian (located in the first terrace of the left side of Yong River, at the foot of Huiyaotian mountain ridge, south of San'an horticultural field, Qingxiu district of Nanning city ) , Dingsishan (located in the first terrace of the right side of Bachi River-the main tributary of Yong River, on the Dingsishan hill, 1km northeast of Jiuwanpo administrative village,Xinxin village,Pumiao town,Yongning county) ,Niulanshi( located in the first terrace of the left side of Yong River, southwest of Xin village, Changtang town, Yongning county) , Lingwu ( located in the first terrace of the left side of Yong River,southwest of Wuhe village,Changtang town, Yongning county) and Luosishan( located in the first terrace of the right side of Yong River, on the Luosishan hill, Tianwo village, Changtang town, Yongning county ) .The sites are dated from 10000a B. P. To 6000a B. P. And can be divided into four stages; Stage 1 dates back to around 10000a B. P., Stage 2 dates back to around 8000a B. P., Stage 3 dates back to around 7000a B. P., and Stage 4 dates back to around 6000a B. P.The identified fauna include mollusks ( Gastropoda and Lamellibranchia ) , arthropods ( Custacea ) , and vertebrates ( Pisces, Reptilia, Aves, and Mammalia). Within these seven classes, 84 species are identified (Gastropoda includes 28 species,Lamellibranchia includes 14 species,Custacea includes 1 species,Pisces includes 6 species, Reptilia includes 4 species, Aves includes 4 species, Mammalia includes 27 species). Diachronic and synchronic studies of these taxa demonstrate the biodiversity of the Yong River shell mound sites.The four archaeological phases represent the

  5. A B rief Analysis of Miu Xi-yong's Using Radix Paeoniae Alba to Pacify Liver%缪希雍白芍平肝法浅析

    李晓寅; 陆海峰; 俞欣玮


    明代医家缪希雍善用白芍,其白芍平肝法更是独具特色,该方法被广泛运用并贯穿其整个医学理论体系,对后世关于白芍的应用研究产生了极大影响。本文通过其临证用药组进行分析,探讨了其白芍平肝法的具体运用。%Ming dynasty Medical scientist Miu Xi -yong was skillful in using radix paeoniae alba ,and his theory of using radix paeoniae alba to pacify liver was distinctive.Radix paeoniae alba's efficacy of pacifying liver had been widely used and run through his complete medical theory system .It had an enormous impact for later generations .By means of analyzing his art of constructing prescriptions ,this article discussed Miu Xi-yong using radix paeoniae alba to pacify liver .

  6. [Professor WU Xu's clinical experiences on acupuncture for acute upper abdominal pain].

    Wu, Xiao-Liang; Lu, Bin; Sun, Jian-Hua; Ai, Bing-Wei; Bao, Chao; Wu, Wen-Zhong; Li, Jian-Bing; Liu, Lan-Ying; Wu, Wen-Yun; Pei, Li-Xia; Zhou, Jun-Ling; Li, Yan-Cai; Qin, Shan


    The clinical experiences and proven cases of distinguished doctor of TCM, professor WU Xu, on acupuncture for acute upper abdominal pain is introduced. Professor WU's manipulation characteristics of acupuncture for acute upper abdominal pain, including acute cholecystitis, kidney stone, acute stomach pain, are one-hand shape but both hands in nature, moving like Tai Chi, force on the tip of needle, movement of qi mainly. The main technique posture is one-hand holding needle with middle finger for pressing, the needle is hold by thumb and index finger, and is assisted by middle finger. The special acupuncture experience of emergency is treatment according to syndrome differentiation, combination of acupuncture and moxibustion, selecting acupoint based on experience, blood-letting acupuncture therapy and so on.

  7. Unintended consequences of Ze Ren Zhi reforms in China: interplay of agricultural reform and population control policy.

    Yen, W; Carter, L F


    The aim of the discussion of unintended consequences of Ze Ren Zhi policy reforms in China is to show how isolating problems and developing solutions in isolation can lead to serious consequences. The Ze Ren Zhi reforms in 1978 were intended to increase agricultural productivity by changing from the collective system to an individual responsibility system, but the unintended and undesirable consequences were a growth in family size and discouragement of some environmentally sound land use practices. The prior system gave an equal share of collective income for an equal number of days worked. Under the new reform, "Baochan Daohu," each household had responsibility for a contracted quantity of grain production. Within 2-4 years, economic conditions improved considerably. A discussion is provided of the transition from rights and duties of the collectives to the new responsibility system and the experimentation with different systems. Specific attention is directed to land reforms, mutual aid teams, cooperatives, communes, variations of Ze Ren Zhi, contracting output to individual laborers, contracting jobs to households, and contracting output quotas to households. During the reforms, beginning in the 1950s and lasting until 1978, other changes were taking place. Death rates were declining and birth rates were increasing, such that in 1971 a campaign was established to promote the Late, Sparse, and Few policy for marrying and giving birth later, increasing birth intervals, and having fewer children. This voluntary program eventually took on a more universally mandatory nature. The 1950 Marriage Law stipulated 20 years as the legal age for marriage (18 years for females), and family planning (FP) workers during the 1970s were encouraging even later marriage, and by 1980 a system of rewards and penalties was established to reinforce small family size. After 1978 and a period of birth declines, the crude birth rate increased to 3.06 in 1983. The new responsibility

  8. 李贽与《三国演义》%Li Zhi and Romance of the Three Kingdoms



    The relation between Li Zhi and Romance of the Three Kingdoms has been the main motif in the academic field. The paper investigates Li Zhi' s method of comment on Romance of the Three Kingdoms and its influence in the study of the work. His comments on the work have been characterized as childishness, indignation, recreation and mediation, wich also manifests the characteristics of a cultural phenomenon on basis of the philosophy of the mind (Xin Xue) in the current of thought at the end of Ming Dynasty. It is considered that The Criticism of Romance of the Three Kingdoms by Li Zhuowu is not a work of Li Zhi, but Li' s method and ideology have an far-reaching influence on Ye Zhou at the same times and Mao Zonggang later. Anyhow, the nu-ances in them need to be researched further.%学术界虽在不断地探讨李贽与《三国演义》的关系,但其究竟如何,至今仍有待探讨。文章虽亦以此为题,但目的却不在于明确其中所存的纠葛,而是借此讨论更加明显地揭示出的相关问题。同时,还要考察李贽的评点理论与其在《三国演义》演变过程中所带来的影响。李贽评点的特色在于童心、发愤、娱乐、疏通之精神,也可以称为是以心学为基础的明末思想潮流中显露出来的一种文化现象。目前《李卓吾先生批评三国志》似乎已经被认定为非李贽所著,但李贽的思想与评点对同时代的叶昼与晚一些的毛宗岗产生了不小的影响,不过,其间存在的各种微妙之处还有待于进一步详细考证。

  9. Criminal Policy Perspective on Yong Cheng Experience%刑事政策视角下的永城经验研究



    河南省永城市经过三年多改革创新,社会治安明显好转,引起了学界的普遍关注。永城经验是什么?永城经验是否具有可复制性和可持续性?犯罪学教授专家团队为此进行了实地调研。结论是:永城经验的核心是区域特点定位准确条件下的治安手段管理创新;观念变革先行推动社会治安管理创新;建立以"治安卡口堵控网"为主要特色的立体治安防控网络体系;推进警务机制改革,向管理要警力;争取财政投入,迅速推进"科技强警;"构建新型警民关系等。永城经验既有地域的特殊性,也有跨区域的普遍性,为全国社会治安管理创新提供了新思路。而进一步探索社会治安管理创新的长效机制;"科技强警"中的硬件到位和软件跟进;警务评价体系变革中的调查技术手段科学化等仍要进一步完善。%After more than three years of reform and innovation,Yong Cheng city in Henan province has made a significant turn for a better social order,which arouses widespread attention in the academic world.Questions arise as: what was the Yong Cheng experience? Can the Yong Cheng experience be replicated and sustained elsewhere To find answers to these questions,an expert team on criminology conducted onsite research.Their conclusion is that at the core of the Yong Cheng experience are conditions regarding the region's unique and precise location favorable to the management methods and innovation for law and order,the transformation concept of prioritizing the management and innovation of law and order in the society,establishing a "social security control network" as the main characteristic of the three-dimensional security control network system,promoting the reform of the police system,giving police strength to management,gaining financial participation,quick promotion of a "Strengthening police by science and technology," building new police-public relations

  10. Ray Wu's Golden Rules: How he achieved greatness in work, and in life

    Albert W.Wu; Christina C.Wu; Diana K.Sugg


    @@ Overview When Ray Wu passed away on February 10, 2008, he was 79, working full-time in his lab at Cornell University, and was at or near the top of his long and noteworthy career. He had developed the first method for DNA sequencing and pioneered recombinant DNA technology. He had identified key genes related to stress tolerance in plants and was poised to apply these to boost crop yields of rice and other foods.

  11. KI and WU polyomaviruses and CD4+ cell counts in HIV-1-infected patients, Italy.

    Babakir-Mina, Muhammed; Ciccozzi, Massimo; Farchi, Francesca; Bergallo, Massimiliano; Cavallo, Rossana; Adorno, Gaspare; Perno, Carlo Federico; Ciotti, Marco


    To investigate an association between KI and WU polyomavirus (KIPyV and WUPyV) infections and CD4+ cell counts, we tested HIV-1-positive patients and blood donors. No association was found between cell counts and virus infections in HIV-1-positive patients. Frequency of KIPyV infection was similar for both groups. WUPyV was more frequent in HIV-1-positive patients.

  12. Madame Wu Chien-Shiung the first lady of physics research

    Chiang, Tsai-Chien


    Narrating the well-lived life of the "Chinese Madame Curie" - a recipient of the first Wolf Prize in Physics (1978), the first woman to receive an honorary doctorate from Princeton University, as well as the first female president of the American Physics Society - this book provides a comprehensive and honest account of the life of Dr. Chien-Shiung Wu, an outstanding and leading experimental physicist of the 20th century.

  13. 伍铁平和语言学评论%Wu Tieping and Linguistics Comment

    彭泽润; 曹家鹏; 周琴


    Wu Tieping unequivocally pioneered and developed the Chinese linguistics comment discipline. Wu Tieping's linguistics comment pays attention to the facts, opposes fraud; dares to challenge, not afraid of authority, only pursuing academic truth. Wu Tieping is knowledgeable scholar, with rigorous schol-arship and stronger logic, can trace the origin and distinguish academic point of view. Wu Tieping lat-er years used scientific linguistic theory to carry out a comment of the field of linguistics, especially for unhealthy academic atmosphere, which has significant meaning for the healthy development of Chinese linguistics.%伍铁平开创和发展了中国语言学评论学科。伍铁平的语言学评论对事情讲究实际,反对弄虚作假;对人敢于挑战,不畏惧权威,只追求学术真理。伍铁平学识渊博,治学严谨,评论的逻辑性强,能够溯本求源,旁征博引,辨别学术观点的是非。伍铁平晚年运用科学的语言理论开展对语言学领域的评论,特别是针对学术歪风开展的扎实的批评,对中国语言学的健康发展有重大意义。

  14. On the Contrastive Study of Political Policies between Elizabeth I and Empress Wu

    JIN Hui; MAO Hai-yan


    Elizabeth I and Empress Wu, the former was the last queen of Tudor Dynasty in England and the latter was an empress who had crowned herself as the regent of Tang Dynasty. The two female monarchs had many similarities. First, in terms of cultur-al policies, both implemented moderately flexible policies, which promoted cultural development. Second, in terms of heir prob-lem, both did not determine their successors until old age so as that their heirs to the throne would not threaten their own politi-cal status. Third, in terms of religion, both implemented religious tolerance policies, which helped avoid social unrest and strengthened centralization of authority. However, due to different historical era and environment where the two female mon-archs lived, there still exist many differences between their policies. First, in matters of economy, Elizabeth I adopted mercantilist policies, while Empress Wu took agriculture into serious consideration and scorned commerce and trade. Second, in matters of military policies, under the leadership of Elizabeth I, the war between England and Spain took very long time and suffered tre-mendous losses, while Empress Wu was more successful in solving the border problem of her country.

  15. Aspects of Perturbation theory in Quantum Mechanics: The BenderWu Mathematica package

    Sulejmanpasic, Tin


    We discuss a general setup which allows the study of the perturbation theory of an arbitrary, locally harmonic 1D quantum mechanical potential as well as its multi-variable (many-body) generalization. The latter may form a prototype for regularized quantum field theory. We first generalize the method of Bender-Wu, and derive exact recursion relations which allow the determination of the perturbative wave-function and energy corrections to an arbitrary order, at least in principle. For 1D systems, we implement these equations in an easy to use Mathematica package we call BenderWu. Our package enables quick home-computer computation of high orders of perturbation theory (about 100 orders in 10-30 seconds, and 250 orders in 1-2h) and enables practical study of a large class of problems in Quantum Mechanics. We have two hopes concerning the BenderWu package. One is that due to resurgence, large amount of non-perturbative information, such as non-perturbative energies and wave-functions (e.g. WKB wave functions), ...

  16. The Active Ingredients of Jiang-Zhi-Ning: Study of the Nelumbo nucifera Alkaloids and Their Main Bioactive Metabolites

    Wei Wang


    Full Text Available The object of this study was to identify the major active ingredients of the Chinese Traditional Medicine Jiang-Zhi-Ning (JZN based on the high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC profiles of plasma samples obtained from beagle dogs at different times after intragastric administration of JZN, crude JZN extracts, different extracted fractions, different subfractions of the active fraction and different isolated ingredients. 2-Hydroxy-1-methoxyaporphin (2H1M, an alkaloid from Nelumbo nucifera, one of the herbs that make up JZN, was identified as the constituent showing the major pharmacodynamic effect. The major metabolites of 2H1M were analyzed and identified as N-demethyl-2-hydroxy-1-methoxyaporphine-2-O-glycuronic acid, 2-hydroxy-1-methoxy-aporphine-2-O-glycuronic acid and 2-hydroxy-1-methoxy-aporphine-2-O-sulphate. This study provided a comprehensive insight into the active components of JZN.

  17. Purification and Characterization of a Dimethoate-Degrading Enzyme of Aspergillus niger ZHY256, Isolated from Sewage

    Liu, Yu-Huan; Chung, Ying-Cheng; Xiong, Ya


    A dimethoate-degrading enzyme from Aspergillus niger ZHY256 was purified to homogeneity with a specific activity of 227.6 U/mg of protein. The molecular mass of the purified enzyme was estimated to be 66 kDa by gel filtration and 67 kDa by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The isoelectric point was found to be 5.4, and the enzyme activity was optimal at 50°C and pH 7.0. The activity was inhibited by most of the metal ions and reagents, while it was induced by Cu2+. The Michaelis constant (Km) and Vmax for dimethoate were 1.25 mM and 292 μmol min−1 mg of protein−1, respectively. PMID:11472959

  18. Li Zhi's Skepticism and its Significance%李贽的怀疑精神及其意义探析



    Li Zhi's skepticism embodies the essence of skepticism. His doubts and criticism of the classic Confucianism and its saints, the ontology of the universe, humanism, ethics, the concepts on truth and history subverted the traditional ideology on the one hand, and shed light on the construction of the new ideology on the other hand. His works make a vehement denunciation of the traditional ideology and have the value of historic transcendence. A correct evaluation of Li Zhi's skepticism can shed light on the development of the progressive ideas of ancient China and encourage the modern men to rid themselves of the spiritual shackles and carry out reforms.%李贽的怀疑精神蕴涵着怀疑方法的精髓,他对于传统道学经典及其圣贤、宇宙本体论、人性论、道德伦理观、真理观、社会历史观等方面进行了深刻的怀疑和批判.一方面冲击和瓦解了旧思想体系,另一方面对于新思想体系的建构也有巨大的启蒙作用.李贽著作堪称明末破除旧文化思想束缚的战斗檄文,具有超越历史性的价值,正确品评有助于总结中国古代进步文化思想发展的历史经验,可以鼓舞现代人挣脱各种精神桎梏,放手从事改革.

  19. Wu Xiaobing



    @@ On September 16, CCTV broadcast the news that 1,300 babies had been hospitalized and three dead from melamine-contaminated infant formula sold by dairy firm Sanlu (三鹿) and twenty- one other local Chinese companies - at the time of going to press, four babies had died and more than 6,000 hospitalized.

  20. 嘉定《娄塘志》整理本点校讹误举正%Collating Notes on the Collated Copy of LoutangZhi



    Loutang Zhi (the local records of Loutang township) is the important material for research on the geography, history, celebrities and culture of Loutang township in Jiading Area of Shanghai City. The collat⁃ed copy of Loutang Zhi, included in Shanghai Xiangzhenjiuzhi Congshu (series called old local records of Shanghai Townships) provides the readers with a lot of convenience. But there are problems such as its collat⁃ing, punctuation and consolidation of the specification which needs to be corrected.%《娄塘志》是研究上海嘉定娄塘地区地理、历史、人物、文化的重要材料,《上海乡镇旧志丛书》第一册所收的整理本为读者提供了不少方便,但在标点方面也存在不少问题,今略作举正。

  1. Philosophical Interactions between "East and West": China, Korea, Europe and the Case of Dasan (Jeong Yak-yong, 1762–1836

    Jana S. ROŠKER


    Full Text Available Though the Confucian system of thought, society, and government has a long history in Korea, Chinese Confucian scholars, preoccupied with the urgency of “saving the Confucian essence” used only Japan as a reference in Asia. Therefore, the present article aims to introduce Dasan 茶山 (Jeong Yak-yong 정약용, 1762–1836, who was one of the main representatives of Korean Confucian philosophy. It exposes his significance for the full-range understanding of the landscape of this important traditional East Asian stream of thought as well as for the intellectual syntheses between Confucian teachings and the Christian religion. The author analyses Dasan’s thought from the Sinological perspective and exposes several elements which represent an elaboration and an upgrading of traditional Chinese Neo-Confucian philosophy.

  2. Suan Zao Ren Tang in Combination with Zhi Zi Chi Tang as a Treatment Protocol for Insomniacs with Anxiety: A Randomized Parallel-Controlled Trial

    Lin-lin Hu; Xin Zhang; Wen-juan Liu; Mei Li; Yong-hua Zhang


    Insomnia is a serious worldwide health problem that is often comorbid with anxiety. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of a Chinese formula containing Suan Zao Ren Tang (SZRT) and Zhi Zi Chi Tang (ZZCT; SZR-ZZC) for improving sleep quality and anxiety states with four indices of Polysomnography (PSG), the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), and the Self Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS). Methods. A randomized, parallel-controlled trial...

  3. A Reconsideration of Jia-wu Alert%甲午警示再议



    今年是甲午战争120周年祭,中日两国都没有忘记那场改变中国和日本历史进程的战争。日本并未从中汲取教训,痛定思痛,反而有些人称那场战争是“非计划,非预谋的突发事件”,认为日本进行的是一场合理的战争。一些极端分子还纷纷进入靖国神社参拜--包括甲午战争时践踏中国国土、蹂躏中国人民的“皇军”之鬼魂。过去,国人曾一再谈及甲午启迪,以警示人们,但在面对日趋恶化的中日关系的现实状况,甲午战争给人们的历史警示和告诫会更加深刻。%It is the 120th Anniversary of Jia-wu Marin-time War this year, both China and japan do not forget about the war that has changed the historical course of both countries. While Japan did not get any lessons from the war with rational reflection but called that war“not-planned and not predicted coincidence”, considering Japan was going a rational war. Some extremists even worship the military deaths in the Yasukuni Shrine, including the ghosts of the Japanese emperor in China. We have previously covered the Jia-wu Marime time War to alert the world. In rhe face of the more severe Sine-Japan conflicts, Jia-wu Marine time war may bring about more historical siren and Warnings.

  4. Gene identification and functional analysis of methylcitrate synthase in citric acid-producing Aspergillus niger WU-2223L.

    Kobayashi, Keiichi; Hattori, Takasumi; Honda, Yuki; Kirimura, Kohtaro


    Methylcitrate synthase (EC; MCS) is a key enzyme of the methylcitric acid cycle localized in the mitochondria of eukaryotic cells and related to propionic acid metabolism. In this study, cloning of the gene mcsA encoding MCS and heterologous expression of it in Escherichia coli were performed for functional analysis of the MCS of citric acid-producing Aspergillus niger WU-2223L. Only one copy of mcsA (1,495 bp) exists in the A. niger WU-2223L chromosome. It encodes a 51-kDa polypeptide consisting of 465 amino acids containing mitochondrial targeting signal peptides. Purified recombinant MCS showed not only MCS activity (27.6 U/mg) but also citrate synthase (EC; CS) activity (26.8 U/mg). For functional analysis of MCS, mcsA disruptant strain DMCS-1, derived from A. niger WU-2223L, was constructed. Although A. niger WU-2223L showed growth on propionate as sole carbon source, DMCS-1 showed no growth. These results suggest that MCS is an essential enzyme in propionic acid metabolism, and that the methylcitric acid cycle operates functionally in A. niger WU-2223L. To determine whether MCS makes a contribution to citric acid production, citric acid production tests on DMCS-1 were performed. The amount of citric acid produced from glucose consumed by DMCS-1 in citric acid production medium over 12 d of cultivation was on the same level to that by WU-2223L. Thus it was found that MCS made no contribution to citric acid production from glucose in A. niger WU-2223L, although MCS showed CS activity.

  5. Traduciendo el feminismo: Taiwán, Spivak, A-Wu

    Shu-Mei Shih


    Full Text Available Este artículo establece un diálogo entre las propuestas de Gayatri Spivak y las de la feminista taiwanesa A-Wu. Exponiendo las tensiones existentes dentro de los feminismos taiwaneses y su relación y negociación con las presiones imperialistas que configuran la identidad de la isla, la autora propone vías para una crítica recíproca entre grupos feministas que logre negociar productivamente con la universalización e intraducibilidad en cuyo marco tienen lugar los encuentros feministas transnacionales.

  6. Dan Zhi Xiao Yao Yin Combined With Auricular-Point-Pressing for Treatment of Optic Atrophy - A Clinical Observation of 51 Cases



    To evaluate the therapeutic effect of Dan Zhi Xiao Yao Yin (丹栀消遥饮 Decoction of Moutan Bark and Capejasmine) combined with auricular-point- pressing therapy for treatment of optic atrophy. The visual acuity and visual field was observed in the 51 cases (58 eyes) from the treatment group that were treated with Dan Zhi Xiao Yao Yin combined with auricular-point-pressing therapy and the 43 cases (49 eyes)from the control group that were treated with routine western drugs at the end of the trial (60 days). The effective rates of increase in visual acuity obtained in the treatment and the control groups were 79.3% and 44.89% respectively and enlargement in visual field were 61.9% and 22.6% respectively. Statistical analysis showed that there were significant differences between two groups (P<0.05). The therapeutic effect of Dan Zhi Xiao Yao Yin combined with auricular-point -pressing therapy in increasing the visual acuity and enlarging the visual field was superior to that of the routine western drugs.

  7. The plague fighter: Wu Lien-teh and the beginning of the Chinese public health system.

    Flohr, C


    At the end of 1910, when the Qing dynasty was on the verge of collapse and the whole Chinese empire in a process of transformation, North Manchuria was devastated by a large pneumonic plague epidemic. The Russian and Japanese governments wanted to use the outbreak of the disease as a pretext to invade north-east China, making plague an issue of international politics. At this dramatic moment the empire relied on the skills of the young Chinese doctor Wu Lien-teh, the first Chinese medical graduate from Cambridge. Wu investigated the disease on the spot, chaired an international plague conference in Shenyang (Manchuria) in April 1911, and, later on, became the figurehead of fundamental public health reforms in Republican China. Highly ambitious, striving for personal fame and international renown for China, supported by an excellent network of personal connections, and equipped with a medical training considered the best in the world at the time, he launched on a startling career as one of China's key medical reformers and international representatives. His history is an example of the inseparable links between personal fate and historical events, and between the interests of scientists, medical men, politicians, and businessmen on the national and international stages.

  8. Ignition delay time correlation of fuel blends based on Livengood-Wu description

    Khaled, Fathi


    In this work, a universal methodology for ignition delay time (IDT) correlation of multicomponent fuel mixtures is reported. The method is applicable over wide ranges of temperatures, pressures, and equivalence ratios. n-Heptane, iso-octane, toluene, ethanol and their blends are investigated in this study because of their relevance to gasoline surrogate formulation. The proposed methodology combines benefits from the Livengood-Wu integral, the cool flame characteristics and the Arrhenius behavior of the high-temperature ignition delay time to suggest a simple and comprehensive formulation for correlating the ignition delay times of pure components and blends. The IDTs of fuel blends usually have complex dependences on temperature, pressure, equivalence ratio and composition of the blend. The Livengood-Wu integral is applied here to relate the NTC region and the cool flame phenomenon. The integral is further extended to obtain a relation between the IDTs of fuel blends and pure components. Ignition delay times calculated using the proposed methodology are in excellent agreement with those simulated using a detailed chemical kinetic model for n-heptane, iso-octane, toluene, ethanol and blends of these components. Finally, very good agreement is also observed for combustion phasing in homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) predictions between simulations performed with detailed chemistry and calculations using the developed ignition delay correlation.

  9. 李贽琴乐思想探赜%On Li Zhi's Musical Thoughts about Qixian Qin



    晚明思想家、文学家李贽在其著作《焚书・琴赋》中提出了“琴者心也”的观点,这一命题对晚明及其后的琴乐发展产生了深远影响。许多学者认为这是对儒家礼乐思想的反叛。然而,深层挖掘“琴者心也”之“心”的思想内涵并梳理历代琴论,可以发现,李贽此说并非空谷之音。“琴者心也”是顺着主流琴乐思想之外的注重古琴自身艺术特性的琴乐思想发展而来的,这种思想并非离经叛道,而是一种对僵化的琴论的内在批判,以引导琴论健康发展。%Li Zhi is a thinker and writer in late Ming Dynasty .His music thoughts "the Qin music repre-sents heart",which is put forward in his book Fenshu・ Qinf u ,has a far-reaching influence on later genera-tion music development .Many scholars believe that this is the rebellion against Confucian rites and music thoughts .However ,digging deeper into the real meaning of the "heart"and combing the music theories in different generations ,it can be found that Li Zhi's idea is not "the voice of the valley".The theory of "the Qin music represents heart" pays more attention to the artistic characteristics of Qixian Qin (a traditional musical instrument in China) ,which is not eccentric but critical to rigid musical theories in its essence ,and is helpful to the healthy development of the theory of Qixian Qin .

  10. A Contrastive Appraisal Study on Modern Evolution of Female’s Non-prototype Characteristics—A Case Study of Different Wu Zetian’s Biographical Versions

    俞琳; 杨建梅


      Within the framework of Appraisal theory, this thesis attempts to do the discourse analysis of modern evolution of fe⁃males’non-prototype characteristics through six versions of biographies of Wu Zetian (included Lin Yutang’s Lady Wu, and Yuan Baidai’s Wu Zetian) in modern times, which aims to uncover the implicit relationship of language and ideology of these different Wu Zetian’s biographical versions composed by different authors with different genders and nationalities, which can evoke the readers resonance and affection towards them and reflect the interpersonal function between them by means of excavat⁃ing the regularity of Attitude, Engagement and Graduation resources distribution.

  11. 吴地舞蹈文化探源%Analysis of Dance Origin in Wu Area of China



    吴地是我国长江下游的一个重要文化区域,因历史上曾经建立过的吴国、吴郡而得名,也是今日江南的核心区域。吴地舞蹈有着丰富的历史资源和鲜明的地域文化特征。本文通过对吴地区域范围内发生的早期舞蹈活动进行历史线索的梳理,阐述吴地舞蹈从史前时期经春秋至汉代多地域文化因素合一的源头形成过程,从而探寻今日江南舞蹈独特地域性的内在成因和历史文化积淀。%Wu area is an important cultural region along downstream of Yangtze River in China. It got such name because a country of Wu and City of Wu were established here in ancient times. Today it has become a core region south of Yangtze River. The dance in Wu area has abundant historical resources and distinguished cultural characteristics. This article mainly deals with the history of danc~ activities occurring in Wu area in ancient times, expounding integration of various cultural elements to form the dance origin in Wu area from primitive period to Spring and Autumn Period to Han Dynasty. Therefore, the inherent causes and historical and cultural accumulation are examined to reveal the unique local characteristics of contemporary dance in area south of Yangtze River.

  12. Treatment of Infantile Bronchiolitis with Jie Jing Ding Chuan Zhi Xiao Tang——A Report of 45 Cases

    Feng Xiaochun; An Xiaoran; Mao Shuzhang


    Objective:To evaluate the therapeutic effectiveness of Jie Jing Ding Chuan Zhi Xiao Tang (解痉定喘止哮汤 the Tetany- Pant- and Wheeze-relieving Decoction) on infantile bronchiolitis. Method: Seventy-five eligible cases were randomly divided into a treatment group (N = 45) and a control group (N=30). Patients in the treatment group were treated with Tetany-Pant- and Wheeze-relieving Decoction, the ingredients of which include Su Zi (苏子 Fructus Perillae), Di Long (地龙 Pheretima), Qian Hu (前胡 Radix Peucedani),Bai Qu Cai (白屈菜 Herba Chelidonii), Ma Huang (麻黄 Herba Ephedrae), Ku Xing Ren (苦杏仁 Semen Armeniacae Amarum), Bai Gou (白果 Semen Gingkgo), Quan Xie (全蝎 Scorpio), Bai Xian Pi (白鲜皮Cortex Dictamni), Jiang Can (僵蚕 Bombyx Batryticatus), She Gan (射干 Rhizoma Belamcandae) and Dong Hua ( 冬花 Flos Farfarae). Patients in the control group were treated with Xiao Er Ke Chun Ling Chong Ji (小儿咳喘灵冲剂 Medicinal Granules for Infantile Cough and Pant). Result: A total effective rate of 93.3% was achieved in the treatment group and only 73.3% was obtained in the control group.Conclusion: The Tetany- Pant- and Wheeze-relieving Decoction is significantly effective in treating infantile bronchiolitis (P<0.05).

  13. Identification of the chemical constituents in aqueous extract of Zhi-Qiao and evaluation of its antidepressant effect.

    Wu, Ming; Zhang, Hongwu; Zhou, Chao; Jia, Hongmei; Ma, Zhuo; Zou, Zhongmei


    The immature fruit of Citrus aurantium L. (Zhi-Qiao, ZQ) has been used as a traditional medicine in China. Our previous study has shown that ZQ decoction may contribute to the antidepressant-like action of Chaihu-Shu-Gan-San. However, there are no reports on the chemical constituents of ZQ aqueous extract or its anti-depression effects. Firstly, this research reported the on-line identification of the chemical constituents in the aqueous extract of ZQ by coupling ultra-performance liquid chromatography/time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF/MS). A total of 31 chemical constituents were identified in ZQ aqueous extract, including one tannic acid, five flavones, 13 flavanones, one limonoid, three coumarins, three cyclic peptides, and five polymethoxylated flavonoids. The antidepressant effect of ZQ aqueous extract was evaluated in vivo and the results indicated that the mice immobility time during the forced swimming test and the tail suspension test were significantly reduced with ZQ treatment. MTT assays showed both ZQ aqueous extract and its major constituents (naringin, hesperidin, neohesperidin, and nobiletin) had neuroprotective effect on corticosterone-induced neurotoxicity in PC12 cells. The in vivo and in vitro results suggest that ZQ has an antidepressant effect.

  14. Identification of the Chemical Constituents in Aqueous Extract of Zhi-Qiao and Evaluation of Its Antidepressant Effect

    Ming Wu


    Full Text Available The immature fruit of Citrus aurantium L. (Zhi-Qiao, ZQ has been used as a traditional medicine in China. Our previous study has shown that ZQ decoction may contribute to the antidepressant-like action of Chaihu-Shu-Gan-San. However, there are no reports on the chemical constituents of ZQ aqueous extract or its anti-depression effects. Firstly, this research reported the on-line identification of the chemical constituents in the aqueous extract of ZQ by coupling ultra-performance liquid chromatography/time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF/MS. A total of 31 chemical constituents were identified in ZQ aqueous extract, including one tannic acid, five flavones, 13 flavanones, one limonoid, three coumarins, three cyclic peptides, and five polymethoxylated flavonoids. The antidepressant effect of ZQ aqueous extract was evaluated in vivo and the results indicated that the mice immobility time during the forced swimming test and the tail suspension test were significantly reduced with ZQ treatment. MTT assays showed both ZQ aqueous extract and its major constituents (naringin, hesperidin, neohesperidin, and nobiletin had neuroprotective effect on corticosterone-induced neurotoxicity in PC12 cells. The in vivo and in vitro results suggest that ZQ has an antidepressant effect.

  15. 从《奥运向前冲》到《智勇大冲关》——浅谈湖南卫视户外竞技类节目的全民游戏策略%From Aoyun Xiangqian Chong to Zhi Yong Da Chongguan——On All-citizens' Game Strategy of Outdoor Sports Programs on Hunan TV

    彭红平; 郭敏秀



  16. Critical Behavior of the Spin-1/2 Baxter-Wu Model: Entropic Sampling Simulations

    Jorge, L. N.; Ferreira, L. S.; Leão, S. A.; Caparica, A. A.


    In this work, we use a refined entropic sampling technique based on the Wang-Landau method to study the spin- 1/2 Baxter-Wu model. We adopt the total magnetization as the order parameter and, as a result, do not divide the system into three sub-lattices. The static critical exponents were determined as α = 0.6697(54), β = 0.0813(67), γ = 1.1772(33), and ν = 0.6574(61). The estimate for the critical temperature was T c = 2.26924(2). We compare the present results with those obtained from other well-established approaches, and we find a very good closeness with the exact values, besides the high precision reached for the critical temperature.

  17. Prof. Wu Xiaoqiu:China Is Striving for the World's Most Developed Capital Market

    Sun Yongjian; Zhang Yue


    @@ China's capital market is a hot issue in the new year. The best strategy to develop the Chinese capital market in the coming 15 to 20 years was discussed in the China Capital Market Forum, which was held in China at Renmin University on January 13. Government officials, scholars, and entrepreneurs commented that by 2020, the Chinese capital market will develop into one of the best capital markets in the world,not only in terms of size, but also asset quality, liquidity and dynamic trade. Is this a realistic goal? What steps should we take to pursue this target? With these questions in mind, after the forum, China's Foreign Trade interviewed Prof. Wu Xiaoqiu, Vice President of Renmin University of China,and the Director of the Finance & Securities Institute of Renmin University.

  18. 河网水动力模型在甬江流域泵站规模确定中的应用%Hydrodynamic Model for River Network in Yong River Basin to Determine the Scale of the Pumping Station

    顾巍巍; 金德钢; 张卫国; 江雨田; 于慧


    泵站工程是平原排水系统中重要的组成部分,甬江流域受台风影响,洪涝灾害频发,启动应急泵站建设,可改善改流域排水情况。本文采用河网水动力模型,对甬江流域部分泵闸配套河道宽度和排水影响范围进行模拟,模拟结果精度较高,对甬江流域泵站工程建设规模和布局具有指导意义。%pumping station project is an important part of the drainage system ,yong river basin is often influenced by the typhoon and flood disasters ,launched the emergency construction of pumping station is a solution to improve the drainage system .Based on the hydrodynamic model for river network ,to simulate the channel width and drainage impact range of yong river basin ,The simulation results precision is high ,it has guiding significance for the construction scale and layout of pumping station project of yong river basin .

  19. Description of the immature stages of Kuwanina betula Wu & Liu, with a discussion of its placement in the Acanthococcidae family group (Hemiptera: Coccoidea).

    Wu, San-An; Nan, Nan


    The immature stages of Kuwanina betula Wu & Liu are described and illustrated. Based on morphological and molecular data (18S and 28S rDNA), it is argued that K. betula is closer to Pseudochermes Nitsche than to Kuwanina Cockerell in Fernald and so this species is transferred to Pseudochermes as P. betula (Wu & Liu) comb. nov..

  20. UPLC-QTOF-MS with chemical profiling approach for rapidly evaluating chemical consistency between traditional and dispensing granule decoctions of Tao-Hong-Si-Wu decoction

    Shang Erxin


    Full Text Available Abstract Background In the present study, chemical consistency between traditional and dispensing granule decoctions of Tao-Hong-Si-Wu decoction was rapidly evaluated by UPLC-QTOF-MS coupled with the MarkerLynx software. Two different kinds of decoctions, namely traditional decoction: water extract of mixed six constituent herbs of Tao-Hong-Si-Wu decoction, and dispensing granules decoction: mixed water extract of each individual herbs of Tao-Hong-Si-Wu decoction, were prepared. Results Chemical difference was found between traditional and dispensing granule decoctions, and albiflorin, paeoniflorin, gallic acid, amygdalin, and hydroxysafflor yellow A were identified as the significantly changed components during decocting Tao-Hong-Si-Wu decoction. All the peaks of mass spectrum from Tao-Hong-Si-Wu decoction and each herb were extracted and integration by using QuanLynx™. And the optimized data was used for linear regression analysis. The contribution of each herb in Tao-Hong-Si-Wu decoction, and the optimal compatibility proportion of dispensing granule decoction were derived from the linear regression equation. Conclusions The optimal dosage proportionality of Tao-Hong-Si-Wu dispensing granule decoction was obtained as 2.5:0.2:1:0.5:0.6:0.1 (DG : CX : BS : SD : TR : HH, which guided better clinic application of Tao-Hong-Si-Wu decoction as dispensing granule decoctions usage, and it also provided some experimental data to reveal the compatibility rule of the relative TCM formulae.

  1. 31 july 2014 - H. WU Ambassador Permanent Representative of the People's Republic of China to the United Nations

    Egli, Laurent


    His Excellency Mr Hailong WU Ambassador Permanent Representative of the People's Republic of China to the United Nations Office at Geneva and other international organizations in Switzerland visiting the ATLAS cavern with ATLAS Spokesperson D. Charlton and the LHC tunnel at Point 1 with Technology Department, Vacuum, Surfaces and Coatings Group P. Cruikshank.

  2. A Response to Professor Wu Zongjie's "Interpretation, Autonomy, and Transformation: Chinese Pedagogic Discourse in a Cross-Cultural Perspective"

    Curran, Thomas D.


    In response to an essay by Prof Wu Zongjie that was published in the "Journal of Curriculum Studies" [43(5), (2011), 569-590], I argue that, despite dramatic changes that have taken place in the language of Chinese academic discourse and pedagogy, evidence derived from the fields of psychology and the history of Chinese educational…

  3. Shen Wu capsule affects the cognitive function and apoptosis protein in the ischemic-diabetic compound model rats

    Chenlian-zhen; Lilin; Anwen-lin; Zhangli; Chujin


    Aim: To explore the mechanism of diabetes mellitus eneephalopathy and the effect of cognitive function of Chinese patent medicine Shen Wu capsule and intervention to apoptosis in the ischemic diabetic compound model rats. Methods:The compound model of Wistar rats was duplicated with streptozotocin (STZ) (60mg/kg) once intraperitoneally and transient

  4. Ray Wu,Cornell’s acclaimed pioneer of genetic engineering and developer of insect-resistant rice


    ITHACA, N.Y. -- Ray J. Wu, Cornell University professor of molecular biology and genetics, who was widely recog-nized as one of the fathers of genetic engineering and who developed and sought to feed the world with a higher yield-ing rice that resists insects and drought, died of cardiac arrest in Ithaca, Feb. 10.

  5. Facets of Software Development Computer Science & Programming,Engineering & Management In fond Memory of Professor Wu Yunzeng,Peking University,China



    Professor Wu Yunzeng epitomiazed ancient and nodern Chinese culture,Professor Wu Yunzeng was an eminent computer scientist.logician and philosopher,professor Wu Yunzeng won innumerable friends for China.We are many,in the West,who were very fond of him.his visit to Denmark made positive,and lasting impressions,we found,also ,that professor Wu Yunzeng introduced into chinese scholarly life very commendable features,The wqay he guided his students and colleagues was an example to be followed by us all.Professor Wu Yunzeng was profoundly engaged in the mathematical (logic and other)foundations of the computation sciences,in the didactics of that field,and in the broader,philosophical issues at stake when pursuing scientific and engineering work in computation.In this testimonial allow me to speculate on a context in which our many,individual contributions to the computation sciences may fit into practical life.

  6. 关于柳永艳情词同情妓女的几点思考%Sympathy for Prostitutes:on Liu- Yong Erotic's poetry



    Liu Yong's erotic word in the modern majority view was that the author is truly ignited the care of the lower prostitutes and sympathy, the most important thing is to them on an equal footing with their own to write. However, the social environment and personal experience point of view of Liu Yong, Liu Yong's love is indeed like a prostitute on the surface composition of sympathetic prostitute, but if the society from the time and his description of the word erotic Overall, there Many places worth considering.%柳永的艳情词在现代多数人的观点中被认为是真实地寄寓了作者对下层妓女的关怀和同情,最主要的是把她们放在了与自己同等的地位来写。但从当时的社会环境和柳永的亲身经历来看,柳永的恋妓表面上看确像具有同情妓女的成分,但如果从当时的社会风气和他艳情词的描写总体来看,还是有许多值得思考的地方。

  7. Simultaneous quantification of five major active components in capsules of the traditional Chinese medicine 'Shu-Jin-Zhi-Tong' by high performance liquid chromatography

    Xing-Xin Yang; Xiao-Xia Zhang; Rui-Miao Chang; Yan.Wei Wang; Xiao-Ni Li


    A simple and reliable high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method has been developed for the simultaneous quantification of five major bioactive components in 'Shu-Jin- Zhi-Tong' capsules (SJZTC), for the purposes of quality control of this commonly prescribed traditional Chinese medicine. Under the optimum conditions, excellent separation was achieved, and the assay was fully validated in terms of linearity, precision, repeatability, stability and accuracy. The validated method was applied successfully to the determination of the five compounds in SJZTC samples from different production batches. The HPLC method can be used as a valid analytical method to evaluate the intrinsic quality of SJZTC.

  8. 论金庸小说新角色引入方式的类型及特点%The Types and Features of the Ways of Introduction to New Characters in Jin Yong's Novels



    This thesis focus onJin Yong's novels as the research of text,Propp,the morphology of stories,"new character type" theory as the arguments in support,trying to find out the way,introduced recurring characters from Jin Yong's no-vels,and to explore new characters from Jin Yong's novels,including neglected many minor characters,different way of character,plot,etc.People involved including Lu Feiqing,ChenJinnan,Zhou Zhiruo,DongfangBubai,Chen Jialuo,etc., through the analysis of these characters,Settings,and describes new character type of deep mining in the important meaning in the text structure,so as to verify the street's new role is introduced into the classification of the viewpoints and appropriate to the characteristics of Jin Yong's novels,and tries to be demonstrated.Way to explore new roles to introduce Jin Yong's martial arts,this novel type of mutual influence,is also the most innovative academic significance in this paper.%普罗普在《故事形态学》中提出的“新角色引入方式”理论已成为小说、戏剧研究的基本理论,金庸小说的角色引入方式与其颇多相合之处。金庸小说中的新角色无论其重要程度有怎样的差异,其不同的出场方式对人物形象、故事情节等大都有着直接的影响。金庸对陆菲青、陈近南、周芷若、东方不败、陈家洛等人物出场时的设置与描写,大多能契合普罗普的“新角色引入”的分类观点,在文本结构中具有重要意义。除此之外,金庸小说中新角色的引入,也有普罗普理论难以范围之处。全面分析金庸小说角色引入方式的特点,对于进一步探讨其小说情节、结构的创新性具有重要的学术价值。

  9. The Research of Su Shi and Li Zhi ’s Relationship%苏轼与李廌交游考



    “苏门六君子”之一李廌,乃苏轼同年李惇之子,与苏轼长子苏迈同岁出生,六岁而孤。苏轼对李廌,呵护备至,期待极高,一直以道义名节相许。李廌虽才华横溢,然仕途一直不顺,苏轼不遗余力地加以提携,但从未丧失过基本的原则和底线。%Li Zhi, the son of Li Dun, was a member of a famous poet group———“Six Scholars of Su’s Family”. He was the same age as Su Shi’s eldest son, Su Mai. After Li Zhi’s parents died when he was only six years old, Su Shi took great care of him and had high expectations for his great fame and moral respon-sibility. Although Li Zhi was very talented, he had been suffering an uneven career for a long time. In the lowest point of Li Zhi’s career, Su Shi tried his best to help him but never lost his essential principles and basic bottom line.

  10. Investigation of the Livengood-Wu integral for modelling autoignition in a high-pressure bomb

    Hu, Zhixin; Somers, Bart L. M. T.; Cracknell, Roger F.; Bradley, Derek


    The reaction progress variable, which is widely used in premixed and diffusion combustion studies, comprises a set of pre-selected intermediate species to denote reaction progress. Progress towards autoignition can also be traced by the Livengood-Wu (LW) integral. Autoignition occurs when the LW integral attains a value of unity. This concept is further explored by applying it to an inhomogeneous mixture scenario, to determine the time and place of autoignition occurrence. A semidetailed mechanism (137 species and 633 reactions) for n-heptane/iso-octane/toluene is used in this study. Two numerical schemes based on the LW integral are proposed and incorporated into a computational fluid dynamics platform, to model autoignition in a 3D configuration, when a spray is injected into a constant volume bomb under diesel engine conditions. Tabulated chemistry, a traditional method of modelling autoignition using information from pre-calculated igniting diffusion flames, is also used for comparison purposes. The associated predicted pressure profiles are compared with experimental measurements.

  11. Dark energy fingerprints in the nonminimal Wu-Yang wormhole structure

    Balakin, Alexander B


    We discuss new exact solutions to nonminimally extended Einstein-Yang-Mills equations describing spherically symmetric static wormholes supported by the gauge field of the Wu-Yang type in a dark energy environment. We focus on the analysis of three types of exact solutions to the gravitational field equations. Solutions of the first type relate to the model, in which the dark energy is anisotropic, i.e., the radial and tangential pressures do not coincide. Solutions of the second type correspond to the isotropic pressure tensor; in particular, we discuss the exact solution, for which the dark energy is characterized by the equation of state for a string gas. Solutions of the third type describe the dark energy model with constant pressure and energy density. For the solutions of the third type we consider in detail the problem of horizons and find constraints for the parameters of nonminimal coupling and for the constitutive parameters of the dark energy equation of state, which guarantee that the nonminimal ...

  12. The pedagogical value of a student-run community-based experiential learning project: The Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine Public Health Screening.

    Wee, Liang En; Yeo, Wei Xin; Tay, Clifton M; Lee, Jeannette J M; Koh, Gerald C H


    We assessed the pedagogical value of a student-led community-based experiential learning project called the Public Health Screening (PHS) run by medical and nursing students of the National University of Singapore's Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine (NUS YLLSoM). We conducted a cross-sectional study using a self-administered anonymised questionnaire on medical and nursing students who participated in PHS using the Fund for the Improvement of Postsecondary Education (FIPSE) Survey Instrument. Participants also gave an overall score for their learning experience at the PHS. The participation rate was 93.1% (576/619) for medical students and 100% (37/37) for nursing students. All participants gave the PHS learning experience a high rating (median = 8 out of maximum of 10, inter-quartile range, 7 to 9). A majority of participants felt that PHS had helped them to improve across all domains surveyed. For medical students, those in preclinical years and females were independently more likely to feel that PHS had helped them to improve in communication skills, teamwork, ability to identify social issues, taking action, and gaining and applying their knowledge than those in clinical years and males. Improved ability to interact with patients (β=1.64, 95%CI, 1.01-2.27), appreciation of challenges to healthcare faced by Singaporeans from lower income groups (β=0.93, 95%CI, 0.49-1.37), thinking of others (β=0.70, 95%CI, 0.04-1.37) and tolerance of different people (β =0.63, 95%CI, 0.17-1.10) were strongly associated with the overall rating score. PHS was a positive learning experience in a wide range of domains for all students involved. This suggests that student-organised community-based experiential learning projects have potential educational value for both medical and nursing students.

  13. Characteristics of Oil and Gas Accumulation in Yong'an-Meitai Area of the Fushan Depression, Beibuwan Basin, South China Sea

    Li Meijun; Wang Tieguan; Liu Ju; Zhang Meizhu; Lu Hong; Ma Qinglin; Gao Lihui


    The Yong'an-Meitai area is the focus of the present exploration in the Fushan Depression, Beibuwan Basin,South China Sea. All oils from this area are geochemically characterized by higher Pr/Ph ratio, higher proportion of heavy molecular weight hydrocarbons, and higher proportion of C29 regular steranes, which indicate that the organic matter of source rocks might have been deposited in an oxidizing palaeoenvironment and be dominated by higher plant organic matter input. The oil from E3w2 (the second member of Weizhou Fm. of the Oligocene) has a much higher density,relatively higher Pr/nC17 and Ph/nC18 ratios, and a "UCM-unresolved complex mixture" on gas chromatograms, which indicate that it has been slightly biodegraded. CPI and other terpane and sterane isomer ratios suggest they are all mature oils. The timing of oil charging in E3w2 and E2l1 (the first member of the Liushagang Fm. of the Eocene) determined by the homogenization temperatures of fluid inclusions and thermal evolution history are from 9-3 Ma and 8-3 Ma,respectively. Thus, the interpretation of E3w2 as a secondary reservoir is unlikely. The timing of oil charging is later than that of hydrocarbon generating and expulsion of Liushagang Fm. source rocks and trap formation, which is favorable for oil accumulation in this area. All molecular parameters that are used for tracing oil filling direction decrease with shallower burial depth, which suggests vertical oil migration. The widely occurring faults that penetrate through the source rocks of the Liushagang Fm. may serve as a fine oil charging conduit.

  14. 跨文化视域下金庸小说的艺术创新%Artistic Innovation in Jin Yong's Novels from a Cross- cultural Perspective



    Whether it is from the Cultural Implications of view or from the art form,Jin Yong’s novels not only exemplified ancient and modern Chinese cultural heritage,but also excelled Western and Chinese culture. Jin Yong's novels have been different from the traditional classical novels,and the modern realistic novels,which have become"cultural fiction”,a combination of heritage and innovation.The novels have unique artistic aes-thetic values and profound practical guide significance,gaining more and more recognition and approval from the contemporary society.Jin Yong's novel contains many ancient Chinese cultural factors,especially the historical and cultural content that contains Chinese Confucianism,Taoism,Buddhism;the writer made a conscious choice,deformation and creation,to make it better in line with the thinking of contemporary Chinese culture and ideological values.On one hand,the novels inherited the"positive energy"and the quality of traditional cultural spirit,on the other hand;they broke"binary opposition"type of thinking.Jin Yong's novels not only employed the modern"comprehensive"way of thinking which integrating Chinese traditional culture of collusion organical-ly,but also tactfully engaged the Western mystery flashback,flashback,etc.together with traditional Chinese novels turning and concession etc.All this narration skills attributed to a three- dimensional,panorama de-scription along with good psychological description in modern Western novels;and with regard to the theme of hatred,the novels demonstrated the fusion of the traditional Chinese knight story writing methods and Western chivalry narration skills.%无论是从文化意蕴还是从艺术形式上来看,金庸小说既有对古今中国文化的传承和创新,又有对中西优秀文化的融通和超越。金庸小说已经不同于传统的古典小说,也不同于现代的现实主义小说,而是成为了一种既有师承又有创新的现代“文化小说”。这种小

  15. KI and WU Polyomaviruses and CD4+ Cell Counts in HIV-1–infected Patients, Italy

    Babakir-Mina, Muhammed; Ciccozzi, Massimo; Farchi, Francesca; Bergallo, Massimiliano; Cavallo, Rossana; Adorno, Gaspare; Perno, Carlo Federico


    To investigate an association between KI and WU polyomavirus (KIPyV and WUPyV) infections and CD4+ cell counts, we tested HIV-1–positive patients and blood donors. No association was found between cell counts and virus infections in HIV-1–positive patients. Frequency of KIPyV infection was similar for both groups. WUPyV was more frequent in HIV-1–positive patients. PMID:20735940

  16. PLE-wu, a new member of piggyBac transposon family from insect, is active in mammalian cells.

    Wu, Chunxiao; Wang, Shu


    piggyBac, a highly active transposon in insect and mammalian cells, is a very useful tool in genome manipulation. A new piggyBac-like element (PLE), named PLE-wu, was identified from a mutant baculovirus cultured in sf9 insect cells. This new transposon is 2931 bp in length and encodes two active forms of transposase, a 708-amino acid-long transposase and a short 576-residue-long transposase translated from a downstream in-frame initiation codon. PLE-wu has asymmetric terminal structures, containing 6-bp inverted terminal repeats, 32-bp imperfect inverted and direct sub-terminal repeats. Similar to piggyBac, PLE-wu exhibits traceless excision activity in both insect and mammalian cells, restoring the original TTAA target sequence upon excision. It also retains the insertion activity in mammalian cells with a plasmid to chromosome transposition rate about 10-fold higher than random integration. Plasmid rescue assays revealed that the TTAA target sequence was duplicated at the junctions of the insertion site. Deletion of the terminal sequences including the sub-terminal repeats decreased the transposition activity of the 708-residue-long transposase, while the transposition activity of the short form of transposase was not affected. With its low sequence similarity to piggyBac, PLE-wu will contribute to the understanding the mechanism of PLE transposition, as well as design of new transposon systems with higher activity. Copyright © 2014 The Society for Biotechnology, Japan. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  17. A study of transient radiation from the Wu-King resistive monopole - FDTD analysis and experimental measurements

    Maloney, James G.; Smith, Glenn S.


    The cylindrical monopole antenna with a continuous resistive loading is considered as a radiator for temporally short broad-bandwidth pulses. Specifically, the variation of the resistance used along the monopole is one proposed by Wu and King (Wu-King profile). This antenna is analyzed by the finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method utilizing a new efficient technique for handling the thin-walled conducting tube that forms the resistance. The electromagnetic field in the space surrounding the antenna is determined as a function of time and quantities useful for describing the performance of the antenna are then calculated from these results: the reflected voltage in the transmission line, the surface charge density on the antenna, and the time-varying field in the far zone. Graphical displays of these results are used to give new insight into the physical processes for transient radiation from this antenna. An experimental model is constructed using a discretized version of the Wu-King profile formed from a set of precision high-frequency resistors. The fine details of these resistors are accurately included in the FDTD analysis. Measurements of both the reflected voltage in the feed fine and the time-varying radiated field are in excellent agreement with the theoretical calculations.

  18. Wu Zhiqing and Modern Martial Arts%吴志青与近代中国武术



    Wu Zhiqing was a famous martial arts activist in modern Chinese history.Wu Zhiqing participated in many martial arts activities,at the same time,he also wrote many martial arts monograph.He advocated sci-entific "martial arts",to make a beneficial exploration for the development of martial arts.This paper focuses on Wu zhiqing's life time story and illustrates his scientific "martiacarts".%吴志青是近代著名的武术活动家,同时他也写有不少武术专著。他所倡导“国术科学化”,为国术的发展作出了有益的探索,在当时颇有代表性。本文对吴志青一生进行综述性阐述,在梳理吴志青生平的同时,亦对他所倡导的“国术科学化”进行论述。

  19. Evaluation of the influence of sulfur fumigation on the pharmacokinetics of four active ingredients in Si Wu Tang.

    Pei, Ke; Cai, Hao; Liu, Xiao; Tu, Sicong; Cao, Gang; Li, Huan; Zhao, Yingying; Song, Xiaoqing; Lou, Yajing; Qiao, Fengxian; Cai, Baochang


    Sulfur fumigation may induce the decrease or the chemical transformation of some active ingredients of traditional Chinese medicines in vitro. Whether sulfur fumigation can cause the pharmacokinetic changes of the active ingredients in vivo is related to the efficacy and the safety of Chinese medicines' application clinically. A sensitive, specific, and accurate method for the simultaneous determination of paeoniflorin, ferulic acid, senkyunolide A, and senkyunolide I in rat plasma by ultra high performance liquid chromatography coupled with triple quadrupole mass spectrometry was developed to evaluate the influence of sulfur fumigation to Si Wu Tang for the first time. Each compound was extracted from plasma samples by liquid-liquid extraction with ethyl acetate, and the chromatographic separation was accomplished on an Agilent Extend C18 column with a linear gradient elution. The mass spectrometric detection and analysis were performed by using an AB Sciex triple quadrupole 5500 mass spectrometer in multiple reaction monitoring mode. The validated method was successfully applied to a pharmacokinetic study of four compounds in rats after oral administration of sun-dried and sulfur-fumigated Si Wu Tang. The results provided a meaningful basis for evaluating the affection of sulfur fumigation to the clinical application and the efficacy of Si Wu Tang. © 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  20. Critical behavior of the spin-1 and spin-3/2 Baxter-Wu model in a crystal field

    Dias, D. A.; Xavier, J. C.; Plascak, J. A.


    The phase diagram and the critical behavior of the spin-1 and the spin-3/2 two-dimensional Baxter-Wu model in a crystal field are studied by conventional finite-size scaling and conformal invariance theory. The phase diagram of this model, for the spin-1 case, is qualitatively the same as those of the diluted 4-states Potts model and the spin-1 Blume-Capel model. However, for the present case, instead of a tricritical point one has a pentacritical point for a finite value of the crystal field, in disagreement with previous work based on finite-size calculations. On the other hand, for the spin-3/2 case, the phase diagram is much richer and can present, besides a pentacritical point, an additional multicritical end point. Our results also support that the universality class of the critical behavior of the spin-1 and spin-3/2 Baxter-Wu model in a crystal field is the same as the pure Baxter-Wu model, even at the multicritical points.

  1. Vacuum Polarization Effects in the Global Monopole Spacetime in the Presence of Wu-Yang Magnetic Monopole

    De Mello, E R B


    In this paper we consider the presence of the Wu-Yang magnetic monopole in the global monopole spacetime and their influence on the vacuum polarization effects around these two monopoles placed together. According to Wu-Yang [Nucl. Phys. {\\bf B107}, 365 (1976)] the solution of the Klein-Gordon equation in such an external field will not be an ordinary function but, instead, {\\it section}. Because of the peculiar radial symmetry of the global monopole spacetime, it is possible to cover its space section by two overlapping regions, needed to define the singularity free vector potential, and to study the quantum effects due to a charged scalar field in this system. In order to develop this analysis we construct the explicit Euclidean scalar Green {\\it section} associated with a charged massless field in a global monopole spacetime in the presence of the Abelian Wu-Yang magnetic monopole. Having this Green section it is possible to study the vacuum polarization effects. We explicitly calculate the renormalized va...

  2. On the formation age and developing process of Yong' an stone forest%基于测年法的永安石林形成年代及发育演化过程研究

    池永翔; 李润; 陈植华


    以永安石林地区地质、水文地质资料为背景,利用不平衡铀系法,对区内不同高程的钙华沉积物岩样进行年龄测定,确定了永安石林形成年代为中更新世以来,距今约50万年.结合区域地质构造历史及沙溪河谷地貌发育演化过程,认为:永安石林的形成始于早更新世;主要是因地壳间歇性抬升运动且大潮盆地开始处于剥蚀环境,石炭二叠纪碳酸盐岩的上覆岩层逐渐被风化剥蚀后形成.%Under the background of geological and hydrogeological data in Yong' an stone forest, Uranium- series disequilibrium method is introduced in this paper to mensurate the age for calc -sinter rock samples at different heights, so the formation age of Yong' an stone forest is confirmed, that is,about 500 thousand years since Medio - Pleistocene. Combined with history of regional geological structure and evolvement process of Shaxi valley form, this paper concludes, Yong' an stone forest is formed during Early Pleistocene, its formation is resulted from intermittent uplift movement of the earth' s crust as well as gradual weathering and erosion of the carbonate rock overlying on carboniferous and Permian under the denudation environment of Dahu basin.

  3. Problems and Accountability of English Translation in Jin Yong Martial Arts Novels%金庸武侠小说英译:问题及原因分析



    ProblemsconcerningJinYongmartialartsnovelsremaininChinese-into-Englishtranslationalprac-tice and theory. In practice, few English translations are available. In theory, few articles are devoted to research into their English translation. The undertranslation of Jin Yong martial arts novels is symptomatic of translational imbalance translating of Chinese literature. Such cultural specific terms as xia, jianghu and martial arts constitute the challenges facing rendering Jin Yong martial arts novels. The peripheral position occupied by translated Chinese literature in the polysystem of English literature, different ideology and poetics in the English world and resistance to translated Chinese literature by English literature are also factors for the inadequacy of English translation of Jin Yong martial arts novels.%金庸武侠小说汉译英理论和实践都存在问题:英译本偏少,相关研究的论文数量不多。金庸武侠小说英译不足是中国文学译入译出失衡的一个缩影。从文化特色词来看,侠、江湖、武功等构成了金庸武侠小说英译的难点。从文化交流来看,英译中国文学在英语文学多元系统中的边缘地位、英语世界不同的意识形态和诗学、英语文学对英译中国文学的排斥也是导致金庸武侠小说英译不足的原因。

  4. Clinical Study of Dan Zhi Xiao Yao San and Er Zhi Wan Jia Jian in Treating the Hormone Therapy of Breast Cancer the Clinical Observation of after Menopause Syndrome%丹栀逍遥散合二至丸治疗三苯氧胺不良反应的研究

    张传雷; 郑玉玲


    目的:观察丹栀逍遥散合二至丸加减对乳腺癌患者三苯氧胺(TAM)内分泌治疗不良反应的治疗作用.方法:将64例符合入选标准的乳腺癌患者,随机分为治疗组和对照组.治疗组:TAM,每次10 mg,每日2次,温开水送服,同时配合丹栀逍遥散合二至丸加减浓煎300 mL,日1剂,早、晚各服1次.对照组:TAM,每次10 mg,每日2次,温开水送服.治疗2月后评价疗效,比较两组患者库坡曼(kuppermann)症状积分、药物不良反应等观察指标.结果:治疗组kuppermann症状积分明显低于治疗前(P<0.05),临床缓解率(显效+有效)达90.63%;对照组积分较前无改善.两组缓解率比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01).结论:应用TAM配合丹栀逍遥散合二至丸加减治疗乳腺癌,能够改善潮热汗出、失眠、疲乏及情绪异常等内分泌治疗后不良反应,提高生活质量.%Objective;To observe the therapeutical effect of Dan Zhi Xiao Yao San with Er Zhi Wan Jia Jian on adverse reactions of breast cancer of endocrine therapy on tamoxifen(TAM). Methods;64 patients with breast cancer according to the criteria,randomly divided into the treatment group and control group. The treatment group:TAM,every time 10 mg,2 times a day with lukewarm water service, at the same time cooperating with 300ml fried Dan Zhi Xiao Yao San with Er Zhi Wan Jia Jian,day 1 agent,the morning and evening take 1 times. Control group: TAM, every time 10 mg,2 times a day with lukewarm water service. Evaluate the efficacy after 2 months. Compared the kuppennann symptom scores, adverse drug reaction and other outcome of two groups of patients. Results; The kuppermann symptom scores of treatment group is significantly lower than no treatment(P< 0.05 ) , clinical response rate (powerfully + effective) 90. 63% ;the control group did not improve the previous points. The remission rate of two groups was significant difference(P <0.01). Conclusion;The application of TAM with Dan Zhi Xiao Yao

  5. "马锡五审判方式"的当代效度和限度——以"张院长新政"为考察对象%The Effect and Limitation of Ma Xi-wu Trial Mode in the Contemporary Era:a Review of the New Policies of Chief Justice Zhang Li-yong




  6. High prevalence of antibodies against polyomavirus WU, polyomavirus KI, and human bocavirus in German blood donors

    Opitz Andreas


    Full Text Available Abstract Background DNA of the polyomaviruses WU (WUPyV and KI (KIPyV and of human bocavirus (HBoV has been detected with varying frequency in respiratory tract samples of children. However, only little is known about the humoral immune response against these viruses. Our aim was to establish virus-specific serological assays and to determine the prevalence of immunoglobulin G (IgG against these three viruses in the general population. Methods The capsid proteins VP1 of WUPyV and KIPyV and VP2 of HBoV were cloned into baculovirus vectors and expressed in Sf9 insect cells. IgG antibodies against WUPyV VP1, KIPyV VP1, and HBoV VP2 were determined by immunofluorescence assays in 100 plasma samples of blood donors. Results The median age of the blood donors was 31 years (range 20 - 66 yrs, 52% were male. 89% of the samples were positive for WUPyV IgG (median age 31 yrs, 49.4% male, 67% were positive for KIPyV IgG (median age 32 yrs, 46.3% male, and 76% were positive for HBoV IgG (median age 32 yrs, 51.3% male. For WUPyV and HBoV, there were no significant differences of the seropositivity rates with respect to age groups or gender. For KIPyV, the seropositivity rate increased significantly from 59% in the age group 20 - 29 years to 100% in the age group > 50 years. Conclusions High prevalences of antibodies against WUPyV, KIPyV, and HBoV were found in plasma samples of healthy adults. The results indicate that primary infection with these viruses occurs during childhood or youth. For KIPyV, the seropositivity appears to increase further during adulthood.

  7. Wu-Ling-San formula prophylaxis against recurrent calcium oxalate nephrolithiasis - a prospective randomized controlled trial.

    Lin, Eugene; Ho, Lin; Lin, Mao-Sheng; Huang, Min-Ho; Chen, Wen-Chi


    Wu-Ling-San (WLS) formula has been proved to prevent calcium oxalate nephrolithiasis both in vitro and in vivo. This is the first prospective, randomized and placebo-controlled clinical trial of WLS in calcium oxalate nephrolithiasis prevention. All patients who enrolled were asked to drink enough fluid to urinate at least 2 L daily during the study period. A 24-hour urine collection was performed to establish the baseline levels of multiple urinary parameters before taking the medicine. The patients were randomized and divided into two groups. The medication group took 2 gm WLS formula three times daily for 1 month. The control group took 2 gm placebo three times daily for 1 month. A 24-hour urine collection was performed to evaluate multiple urinary and serum parameters from all patients during the study period. A total of 39 patients were enrolled and 28 patients completed the study. Fourteen patients were allocated to WLS group and 14 patients to placebo group. After treatment, the mean urine output level increased to 2796.4 ± 525.7 ml/day (percentage of change, 13.9 %) in the WLS formula group. With placebo therapy, the mean decreased slightly to 2521.4 ± 762.7ml/day (percentage of change, -5.7 %). The percentage of change was significantly different between the two groups (independent t-test, P=0.02). No patient complained of side effects, such as fatigue, dizziness, musculoskeletal symptoms, or gastrointestinal disturbance. WLS formula is a promising adjunct to surgical and medical management of kidney stones. Active therapy with WLS formula has a positive effect on diuresis without leading to electrolyte imbalance.

  8. Evaluation of the Influence of Sulfur-Fumigated Paeoniae Radix Alba on the Quality of Si Wu Tang by Chromatographic and Chemometric Analysis.

    Pei, Ke; Cai, Hao; Duan, Yu; Qiao, Feng-Xian; Tu, Si-Cong; Liu, Xiao; Wang, Xiao-Li; Song, Xiao-Qing; Fan, Kai-Lei; Cai, Bao-Chang


    An accurate and reliable method of high-performance liquid chromatographic fingerprint combining with multi-ingredient determination was developed and validated to evaluate the influence of sulfur-fumigated Paeoniae Radix Alba on the quality and chemical constituents of Si Wu Tang. Multivariate data analysis including hierarchical cluster analysis and principal component analysis, which integrated with high-performance liquid chromatographic fingerprint and multi-ingredient determination, was employed to evaluate Si Wu Tang in a more objective and scientific way. Interestingly, in this paper, a total of 37 and 36 peaks were marked as common peaks in ten batches of Si Wu Tang containing sun-dried Paeoniae Radix Alba and ten batches of Si Wu Tang containing sulfur-fumigated Paeoniae Radix Alba, respectively, which indicated the changed fingerprint profile of Si Wu Tang when containing sulfur-fumigated herb. Furthermore, the results of simultaneous determination for multiple ingredients showed that the contents of albiflorin and paeoniflorin decreased significantly (P < 0.01) and the contents of gallic acid and Z-ligustilide decreased to some extent at the same time when Si Wu Tang contained sulfur-fumigated Paeoniae Radix Alba. Therefore, sulfur-fumigation processing may have great influence on the quality of Chinese herbal prescription.

  9. 略论《聊斋志异》中女性的口才%On female eloquence in Liao Zhai Zhi Yi



    Many female figures are created in Liao Zhai Zhi Yi,Who are with different style,figure,talent,especially eloquence.Their eloquence includes persuading,reply and humour.%《聊斋志异》塑造的女性,人数众多,风格各异,形象清新鲜活,表现了女子多方面的才能,特别是女性的口才,更是给读者留下了鲜明深刻的印象。《聊斋》女性的口才突出地表现为:劝说口才、应答口才、打趣口才。

  10. Ling Zhi-8 mediates p53-dependent growth arrest of lung cancer cells proliferation via the ribosomal protein S7-MDM2-p53 pathway.

    Wu, Chien-Ting; Lin, Tung-Yi; Hsu, Hsien-Yeh; Sheu, Fuu; Ho, Chau-Mei; Chen, Edmund I-T


    Ling Zhi-8 (LZ-8), an immunomodulatory protein, is derived from and has been cloned from the medicinal mushroom Ganoderma lucidum (Reishi or Ling Zhi); this protein exhibits immunomodulating and antitumor properties. We investigated the effects of recombinant LZ-8 protein (rLZ-8) on the proliferation of A549 human lung cancer cells. Here, we showed that rLZ-8 inhibits cell growth and that this is correlated with increased G(1) arrest. The treatment of A549 cells with rLZ-8 activated p53 and p21 expression, and both the G(1) arrest and the antigrowth effect were found to be p53 dependent. It was further demonstrated that rLZ-8 inhibited tumor growth in mice transplanted with Lewis lung carcinoma cells. Interestingly, rLZ-8 treatment was found to lead to nucleolar stress (or ribosomal stress) as evidenced by inhibition of precursor ribosomal RNA synthesis and reduced polysome formation in A549 cells. These changes resulted in an increasing binding of ribosomal protein S7 to MDM2 and a decreased interaction between MDM2 and p53. Taking these results together, we have identified a novel rLZ-8 antitumor function that positively modulates p53 via ribosomal stress and inhibits lung cancer cell growth in vitro and in vivo. Our current results suggest that rLZ-8 may have potential as a therapeutic intervention for the treatment of cancers that contain wild-type p53 and high expression of MDM2.

  11. New Explanation on“Ji Mi”and“Sang Luo Zhi Xia”in Xunzi%《荀子》语词释义二则



    “Ji Mi”and“Sang Luo Zhi Xia” are two phrases in Xunzi. The annotation of“Mi”in“Ji Mi” should be“Lei”(pile up) and“Ji Mi”means accumulation. The etymology of“Sang Luo” is two verses in the Book of Songs, which are metaphor to the poor life and being abandoned eventually after marriage of the heroine. After this usage was fixed,“Sang Luo”became a synonym for dilemma. So,“Sang Luo Zhi Xia”means in dilemma.%“积靡”见于《荀子·儒效》篇,旧注训“靡”为“顺”,释为“顺其积习”。从原文语境以及荀子在人性论问题上对“积”、“顺”二词的使用来看,旧注不可从。“靡”当训为“累”,“积靡”即“积累”,是同义连用的复合词。“桑落之下”见于《荀子·宥坐》篇,注家众说纷纭。“桑落”的语源当是《诗经·卫风·氓》所言“桑之落矣,其黄而陨”,指困窘的处境,“桑落之下”即困境之下。

  12. Passive Mood and Work Behavior:The Cross-level Mediating Effect of Zhong-Yong Thinking Style%坏心情与工作行为:中庸思维跨层次的调节作用

    孙旭; 严鸣; 储小平


    本研究探讨工作中坏心情与3种工作行为(组织公民行为、反生产行为和任务绩效行为)在个体内水平的关系,以及中庸思维在二者间跨层次的调节作用。采用经验抽样方法,通过对72名员工历时两周的追踪调查,获取被试每日心情状态和每日工作行为的数据。HLM 6.02分析表明:(1)每日坏心情显著地负向影响每日的组织公民行为和任务绩效行为,而对反生产行为无显著影响;(2)中庸思维在“心情—行为”的联系间发挥调节作用,高中庸思维者的坏心情对组织公民行为的负向影响较弱,低中庸思维者的坏心情对组织公民行为的负向影响较强;高中庸思维者的坏心情对任务绩效行为产生正向影响,低中庸思维者的坏心情对任务绩效行为产生负向影响。%Individual frequently experiences passive mood, a bad internal feeling state, in workplace. However, few researches focused on the negative effect of passive mood on work behavior. As a result, we know little about how to avoid this negative effect in the work, especially in Chinese context. Based on mood-congruent theory and cognitive-affective processing system theory, we proposed a cross-level model to explain the relation between daily passive mood and three daily work behaviors, namly, Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB), Counterproductive Work Behavior (CWB) and task performance behavior, at within-person level, and how Zhong-Yong thinking style, a Chinese indigenous cultural thinking characteristic, at between-person level moderated the negative effect of daily passive mood on work behaviors. In oreder to verify our arguments, we collected the data by two phases. In the first phase, participants completed a questionnaire including demographic and individual-level variables. Two weeks later, we conducted daily surveys for daily passive mood and three daily work behaviors, namly, OCB, CWB and task performance

  13. Mineralogical and Biogeochemical Characteristics of Rhodolith from Wu Island, Jeju-do, Korea

    Roh, Y.; Kang, S.; Roh, E. H.


    This study focused on investigation of mineralogical and biogeochemical characteristics of the rhodoliths and examination of the rhodolith origin whether they were formed by chemical or biological processes. Rhodoliths are free-living forms of calcareous, coralline red algae formed under specific environmental conditions, but their formation processes are still controversial. The rhodoliths and sea water were sampled at Seogwang-ri coast in the western part of Wu Island, Jeju-do, Korea. The chemical compositions and pHs of sea water were measured by ICP-AES and pH meter. Microorganisms enriched from rhodoliths were aerobically cultured at room temperature in D-1 media containing various concentrations (0, 30, 100 mM) of Ca and Mg-acetate, and the microorganisms were analyzed by 16S rRNA gene DGGE analysis to confirm microbial diversity. Mineralogical characteristics of the rhodoliths and precipitates formed by the enriched microorganisms were determined by XRF, XRD, and SEM-EDS analyses. The sea water had a range of pH 6 to 7, and consisted of approximately 400 mg/L of Ca and 1200 mg/L of Mg which are low to form carbonate minerals by chemical process in natural environments. XRF and XRD analyses showed the rhodoliths mainly consisted of 46% CaO and 5 % MgO and mineralogy is Mg-rich calcite. A 16S rRNA sequence analysis showed the enriched microorganisms contained a carbonate forming microorganism, Proteus mirabilis. The enriched microorganisms precipitated carbonate minerals using D-1 media containing Ca- and Mg-acetate (30, 100 mM) and mineralogy of the precipitated carbonate mineral was Mg-rich calcite, whereas the microorganisms did not form carbonate minerals without Ca- and Mg-acetate in D-1 media. SEM-EDS analyses showed that the Mg-rich calcite formed by the microorganisms had a rhombohedron shape. And the Mg-rich calcite consisted of Ca, Si and Mg with extracellular polymeric substance (EPS). These results indicate that the rhodoliths at Seogwang-ri coast

  14. Newly described human polyomaviruses Merkel Cell, KI and WU are present in urban sewage and may represent potential environmental contaminants

    Carratala Anna


    Full Text Available Abstract Recently, three new polyomaviruses (KI, WU and Merkel cell polyomavirus have been reported to infect humans. It has also been suggested that lymphotropic polyomavirus, a virus of simian origin, infects humans. KI and WU polyomaviruses have been detected mainly in specimens from the respiratory tract while Merkel cell polyomavirus has been described in a very high percentage of Merkel cell carcinomas. The distribution, excretion level and transmission routes of these viruses remain unknown. Here we analyzed the presence and characteristics of newly described human polyomaviruses in urban sewage and river water in order to assess the excretion level and the potential role of water as a route of transmission of these viruses. Nested-PCR assays were designed for the sensitive detection of the viruses studied and the amplicons obtained were confirmed by sequencing analysis. The viruses were concentrated following a methodology previously developed for the detection of JC and BK human polyomaviruses in environmental samples. JC polyomavirus and human adenoviruses were used as markers of human contamination in the samples. Merkel cell polyomavirus was detected in 7/8 urban sewage samples collected and in 2/7 river water samples. Also one urine sample from a pregnant woman, out of 4 samples analyzed, was positive for this virus. KI and WU polyomaviruses were identified in 1/8 and 2/8 sewage samples respectively. The viral strains detected were highly homologous with other strains reported from several other geographical areas. Lymphotropic polyomavirus was not detected in any of the 13 sewage neither in 9 biosolid/sludge samples analyzed. This is the first description of a virus isolated from sewage and river water with a strong association with cancer. Our data indicate that the Merkel cell polyomavirus is prevalent in the population and that it may be disseminated through the fecal/urine contamination of water. The procedure developed may

  15. DNA from KI, WU and Merkel cell polyomaviruses is not detected in childhood central nervous system tumours or neuroblastomas.

    Géraldine Giraud

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: BK and JC polyomaviruses (BKV and JCV are potentially oncogenic and have in the past inconclusively been associated with tumours of the central nervous system (CNS, while BKV has been hinted, but not confirmed to be associated with neuroblastomas. Recently three new polyomaviruses (KIPyV, WUPyV and MCPyV were identified in humans. So far KIPyV and WUPyV have not been associated to human diseases, while MCPyV was discovered in Merkel Cell carcinomas and may have neuroepithelial cell tropism. However, all three viruses can be potentially oncogenic and this compelled us to investigate for their presence in childhood CNS and neuroblastomas. METHODOLOGY: The presence of KI, WU and MCPyV DNA was analysed, by a joint WU and KI specific PCR (covering part of VP1 and by a MCPyV specific regular and real time quantitative PCR (covering part of Large T in 25 CNS tumour biopsies and 31 neuroblastoma biopsies from the Karolinska University Hospital, Sweden. None of the three new human polyomaviruses were found to be associated with any of the tumours, despite the presence of PCR amplifiable DNA assayed by a S14 housekeeping gene PCR. CONCLUSION: In this pilot study, the presence of MCPyV, KI and WU was not observed in childhood CNS tumours and neuroblastomas. Nonetheless, we suggest that additional data are warranted in tumours of the central and peripheral nervous systems and we do not exclude that other still not yet detected polyomaviruses could be present in these tumours.

  16. A Discussion on the SuWu 's Patriotic Image and the Contemporary Value of the SuWu 's Biography in HanShu--A First Talk about the Similarities and Differences between the SuWu 's Biography in HanShu and the SuWu of JieShi in XinXu%论《汉书·苏武传》中苏武爱国形象的塑造及其当代价值--由《汉书·苏武传》和《新序·节士·苏武章》的异同说起



    Compared with the SuWu of JieShi in XinXu Written by LiuXxiang, the SuWu's biography in HanShu written by BanGu appears more image, vivid and real history. Through the description of the SuWu 's deeds,the SuWu 's biography in HanShu shows the SuWu 's patriotic image and valuable patriotism, and using contrast against the backdrop of the way, sublimates the SuWu 's unswervingly patriotic spirit. The SuWu 's patriotic deeds and patriotic spirit is a concentrated expression and practice of the Chinese nation's outstanding traditional culture, provides valuable spiritual food for future generations of patriotic people, and is undoubtedly a medicine for today's emphasis on materialistic society.%与刘向《新序·节士·苏武章》相较,班固《汉书·苏武传》显得更加形象、生动而合乎历史真实。《苏武传》通过对苏武事迹的叙述,塑造了苏武光辉的爱国形象,展现了苏武可贵的爱国情操,并运用对比衬托的手法,升华了苏武矢志不渝的爱国精神。苏武的这种爱国事迹及其所展现的爱国精神,是中华民族优秀传统文化的集中体现和实践,也为后世人们的爱国行为提供了宝贵的精神食粮,对于当今偏重于物质的社会无疑也是一剂良药。

  17. His Excellency Mr Ken WU Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the People’s Republic of China to Switzerland

    Jean Claude Gadmer


    Photo 1-5:The delegation visiting the ATLAS visitor Center with P.Jenni, ATLAS Collaboration former Spokesperson Photo 6-14,15-20:visiting the ATLAS experimental area Photo 15:Y. YANG,Attaché-Q. WAN,First Secretary-Z. Ren,ATLAS Collaboration,High Energy Group,Shandong University-H.E. Mr K. Wu-P. Jenni-R. Voss,Adviser for the People’s Republic of China-H. FENG,Counsellor Photo 21-38:Signature of the Guest Book with CERN Director-General R. Heuer

  18. Textual research on the edition of WU Kun' s books%吴崐著作版本考

    王旭光; 陆翔


    吴崐是新安医学名家之一.1584年,吴崐撰成《医方考》6卷.1594年,撰成《素问吴注》24卷.1618年,撰成《针方六集》6卷,由程标捐资刊刻.吴崐尚撰有《脉语》2卷,成书年代不详.《医方考》有明刊本、日本及朝鲜刊本、旧抄本、现代版本4类版本.《吴注素问》有明清刊本、日本刊本、旧抄本、影印本、现代版本5类版本.《针方六集》有明刊本、抄本、影印本及现代版本4类版本.《脉语》多与《医方考》合刊,除部分现代版本未附《脉语》之外,《脉语》的版本大致同于《医方考》.%WU Kun is a famous physician of the Xin' an School.He wrote a 6-volume Yi fang kao (Textual Research on Recipes) in 1584,a 24-volume Wu zhu su wen (Wu' s Annotation of Plain Questions)in 1594,a 6-volume Zhen fang liu ji (Six Collections of Acupuncture and Prescription) in 1618 block-printed and funded by CHENG Biao,and a 2-volume Mai yu (Language of Pulse) with writing date unknown.For Yifang kao,there were 4 editions,including Ming-dynasty block-printed edition,Japanese and Korean block-printed edition,old hand-copied edition and modern printing edition.For Wu zhu su wen,there were 5 editions,Ming-Qing-dynasty block-printed edition,Japanese block-printed edition,old hand-copied edition,photocopy and modern edition.For Zhen fang liu ji,there were Ming-dynasty block-printed edition,hand-copied edition,photocopy and modern edition.Mai yu always was printed together with Yi fang kao,and its editions were same as those of Yifang kao,except some modern printing edition with Mai yu excluded.

  19. 企业信用管理制度的创新探析——湖南永利化工股份有限公司企业管理新探索%Discussion on Innovation of Enterprises' Credit Management System Exploring the Management of Hunan YongLi Chemical Co.Ltcl



    Currently, the credit risk and accounts receivables management issue is one of the key factors to affecting the business success. Hunan Yongli Chemieal Co.Ltd had effectively improved the company's accounts receivable of the market structure and customer's mix, improved cash flow efficiency, had a significant reduction in the risk of accounts receivable. The company ha~ also developed and improved the large customer strategic and corporate partnerships through the establishment of information management department, the establishment of customer information files, customer credit management system, the internal credit system, accounts receivable management system, aging control system, and account management in a new way.%信用风险和应收帐款管理问题是当前影响企业经营成败的关键因素之一,湖南永利化工股份有限公司通过设立信管理部门、建立客户信息档案、客户资信管理制度、内部授信制度、应收帐款管理制度、帐龄控制制度等,有效地改善了公司应帐款的市场结构和客户结构,提高了资金周转效率,应收帐款的风险大幅度降低,发展、改善了大客户的战略合作关系,在企业管理方面走出了一条新路。

  20. Use of herbal dietary supplement si-wu-tang and health-related quality of life in postpartum women: a population-based correlational study.

    Chang, Pei-Jen; Lin, Ching-Chun; Chen, Yi Chun; Chuang, Chao-Hua; Tseng, Yu-Ching; Hsieh, Wu-Shiun; Lin, Shio-Jean; Chen, Pau-Chung


    Objective. The aim of the study was to explore the association between women's use of herbal dietary supplement Si-Wu-Tang during the postpartum period and their health-related quality of life. Methods. This is a population-based correlational study. We used multistage, stratified, systematic sampling to recruit 24,200 pairs of postpartum women and newborns from the Taiwan National Birth Registry in 2005. A structured questionnaire was successfully administered to 87.8% of the sampled population. Trained interviewers performed home interviews 6 months after the women's deliveries between June 2005 and July 2006. The Medical Outcomes Study 36-item Short-Form (SF-36) was used to measure the quality of life of the women along with the frequency of Si-Wu-Tang use. Results. Si-Wu-Tang use after delivery improved women's score for bodily pain and also improved their score for mental health when used more than 10 times. In addition, there were increases in general health and vitality scores in the group who continuously used Si-Wu-Tang more than 10 times after using Sheng-Hua-Tang. Conclusion. Use of Si-Wu-Tang after delivery may be associated with women's health-related quality of life especially for those who previously used Sheng-Hua-Tang. These results are exploratory and need to be replicated.

  1. Use of Herbal Dietary Supplement Si-Wu-Tang and Health-Related Quality of Life in Postpartum Women: A Population-Based Correlational Study

    Pei-Jen Chang


    Full Text Available Objective. The aim of the study was to explore the association between women’s use of herbal dietary supplement Si-Wu-Tang during the postpartum period and their health-related quality of life. Methods. This is a population-based correlational study. We used multistage, stratified, systematic sampling to recruit 24,200 pairs of postpartum women and newborns from the Taiwan National Birth Registry in 2005. A structured questionnaire was successfully administered to 87.8% of the sampled population. Trained interviewers performed home interviews 6 months after the women’s deliveries between June 2005 and July 2006. The Medical Outcomes Study 36-item Short-Form (SF-36 was used to measure the quality of life of the women along with the frequency of Si-Wu-Tang use. Results. Si-Wu-Tang use after delivery improved women’s score for bodily pain and also improved their score for mental health when used more than 10 times. In addition, there were increases in general health and vitality scores in the group who continuously used Si-Wu-Tang more than 10 times after using Sheng-Hua-Tang. Conclusion. Use of Si-Wu-Tang after delivery may be associated with women’s health-related quality of life especially for those who previously used Sheng-Hua-Tang. These results are exploratory and need to be replicated.

  2. Fragment ion diagnostic strategies for the comprehensive identification of chemical profile of Gui-Zhi-Tang by integrating high-resolution MS, multiple-stage MS and UV information.

    Wang, Shufang; Chen, Lulin; Leng, Jing; Chen, Pinghong; Fan, Xiaohui; Cheng, Yiyu


    Gui-Zhi-Tang was considered to be the most famous formula in Shang-Han-Lun, treating 32 symptoms of disease after adding up or cutting down crude drugs. The chemical constituents in Gui-Zhi-Tang were comprehensively studied by rapid resolution liquid chromatography quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (RRLC-Q-TOF-MS) combined with rapid resolution liquid chromatography - diode array detector - ion trap mass spectrometry (RRLC-DAD-IT-MS) in this work, and a total number of 187 compounds were detected. Systematic diagnostic ion filtering strategies were recommended for flavonoids and oleanane-type triterpenoids, respectively. On the basis of the summarized strategies, compounds in Glycyrrhizae could be easily classified into flavones, isoflavones, flavanones or chalcones with special structures, and triterpene saponins with different sugar moieties. Consequently, among 187 compounds, 144 ones were confirmed or assumed tentatively. In addition, nine potential novel compounds were reported for the first time. This approach provided a rapid method for characterizing the constituents in Gui-Zhi-Tang, and would be also helpful in other TCM formulae analysis.

  3. “治未病”思想在脑卒中后抑郁的临床疗效观察%Clinical effective observation on treating PSD based on Zhi Wei Bing



      目的:对“治未病”思想在脑卒中后抑郁的临床疗效进行总结性研究。方法:选择脑卒中后90例抑郁患者分为治疗和对照组,行常规治疗,治疗组辅助使用“治未病”思想干预治疗。结果:治疗组抑郁状况的改善明显优于对照组。结论:“治未病”思想可以有效帮助脑卒中后抑郁患者康复。%  Objective:To“Zhi Wei Bing”thought after stroke in the clinical efficacy of depression on summative studies. Methods:Choose after stroke in patients with depression in 90 cases, patients were divided into treatment group and control group, both groups were performed with conventional treatment, the treatment group auxiliary use “Zhi Wei Bing” thinking intervention treatment. Results: The treatment group depression in improvement is obviously superior to the control group. Conclusion:“Zhi Wei Bing”thinking can effectively help depressed patients after stroke rehabilitation.

  4. Clinical Observation on Modified SiMiao YongAnTang in Treating 140 Cases of Acute Gouty Arthritis%四妙永安汤加味治疗急性痛风性关节炎140例



    目的:观察四妙永安汤加减治疗急性痛风性关节炎的临床疗效.方法:将140 例急性痛风性关节炎患者随机分为2 组.治疗组70 例,予四妙永安汤加减;对照组70 例,予秋水仙碱、苯溴马隆治疗,2 组疗程均为2 周.观察治疗前后病变关节肿胀、疼痛、活动等情况及血尿酸、血沉和C 反应蛋白的变化情况.结果:治疗组与对照组总有效率分别为88.57%、74.29%,不良反应发生率分别为21.43%、58.57%,2组比较有显著性差异(P<0.05).结论:四妙永安汤加减治疗急性痛风性关节炎疗效显著,不良反应发生率较低.%Objective: To observe clinical effects of modified SiMiao YongAnTang in treating acute gouty arthritis. Method: All 140 cases were randomly assigned into treatment group administered with modified SiMiao YongAnTang and control group treated with colchicines and benzbromarone. The session was two weeks for both groups. The conditions of joint swelling, pain, movement and the changes of blood uric acid, erythrocyte sedimentation rate and C reactive protein were observed before and after the treatment. Result: Total effective rate of treatment group was 88.57%, higher than 74.29% of control group with significant difference (P<0.05). Incidence of adverse reaction of treatment group was 21.43%,lower than 58.57% of control group with statistical meaning (P<0.05).Conclusion: Modified SiMiao YongA nTang is effective in treating acute gouty arthritis with low incidence of adverse reaction.

  5. 商周时期的民歌精品——鄘诗探源(下)%The Elite of Folk Songs in Shang and Zhou Period——An Exploration Into Yong Poems

    丁身伟; 吴燕华


      该文推翻偏颇的旧说,重新对鄘诗给予阐释与评价,力图恢复其本来面目。由于历史、地域等的涉及面很广,虽然不断地寻找新的资料根据,但因年代久远,不免精粗并存。%  Overturning the old beliefs, this paper gives a reillustration and reassessment of Yong poems, with an effort to restore its onginal version. Due to the long history and vast region, though constantly seeking new materials as proofs, it is hard to avoid roughness.

  6. Analysis of the Constituents in “Zhu She Yong Xue Shuan Tong” by Ultra High Performance Liquid Chromatography with Quadrupole Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry Combined with Preparative High Performance Liquid Chromatography

    Lin-Lin Wang


    Full Text Available “Zhu She Yong Xue Shuan Tong” lyophilized powder (ZSYXST, consists of a series of saponins extracted from Panax notoginseng, which has been widely used in China for the treatment of strokes. In this study, an ultra-high performance liquid chromatography with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UHPLC-Q-TOF/MS combined with preparative high performance liquid chromatography (PHPLC method was developed to rapidly identify both major and minor saponins in ZSYXST. Some high content components were removed through PHPLC in order to increase the sensitivity of the trace saponins. Then, specific characteristic fragment ions in both positive and negative mode were utilized to determine the types of aglycone, saccharide, as well as the saccharide chain linkages. As a result, 94 saponins, including 20 pairs of isomers and ten new compounds, which could represent higher than 98% components in ZSYXST, were identified or tentatively identified in commercial ZSYXST samples.

  7. Effects of Er-Zhi-Wan on microarchitecture and regulation of Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway in alveolar bone of ovariectomized rats.

    Sun, Wei; Wang, Yuan-qin; Yan, Qi; Lu, Rui; Shi, Bin


    Recent studies have shown that Er-Zhi-Wan (EZW), a traditional Chinese medicine consisting of Herba Ecliptae (HE) and Fructus Ligustri Lucidi (FLL), had a definite antiosteoporotic effect on osteoporotic femur, but its effect on osteoporosis of alveolar bone remains unknown. In the present study, we investigated the effects of Er-Zhi-Wan (EZW) on the microarchitecture and the regulation of Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway in the alveolar bone of ovariectomized rats. Thirty Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into three groups: sham operation group (sham, n=10), ovariectomy (OVX) group (n=10), and OVX with EZW treatment group (EZW group, n=10). From one week after ovariectomy, EZW (100 mg/mL) or vehicle (distilled water) was fed (1 mL/100 g) once per day for 12 weeks until the sacrifice of the rats. The body weights were measured weekly. After sacrifice, the sera and mandible were collected and routinely prepared for the measurement of alveolar trabecular microarchitecture, serum levels of E2, bone-specific alkaline phosphatase (BALP) and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase 5b (TRAP5b), as well as mandibular mRNA expression of Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway molecules wnt3a, low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 5 (LRP5), β-catenin and dickkopf homolog 1 (DKK1). The results showed that EZW treatment significantly prevented the body weight gain, degradation of alveolar trabecular microarchitecture and alveolar bone loss in the OVX rats. Furthermore, we observed that EZW could increase the serum levels of E2 and BALP, and decrease levels of serum TRAP5b in EZW group compared with vehicle group. In addition, RT-PCR results revealed that EZW upregulated the expression levels of wnt3a, LRP5 and β-catenin, and reduced the expression of DKK1 in OVX rats. Taken together, our results suggested that EZW may have potential anti-osteoporotic effects on osteoporotic alveolar bone by stimulating Wnt/LRP5/β-catenin signaling pathway.

  8. 彰武县后新秋永安村一带珍珠岩矿地质特征%Geological characteristics of perlite in Yong'an village area of houxinqiu in zhangwu county

    许云鹏; 王志; 董亚梅


    为研究彰武县后新秋永安村一带珍珠岩矿地质特征,对后新秋永安村一带发育的地层进行分析,结果表明:这一带地层主要为中生代义县组(Jky)火山喷出岩、熔岩及火山碎屑沉积岩.其中火山喷出岩发育,夹沉积岩扁豆体,多呈条带状分布,故推断为间歇式裂隙喷发,由基性到酸性,下部常赋存有粘土和膨润土,上部常赋存有黑曜岩、珍珠岩等矿产.%To study geological characteristics of perlite in Yong'an Village area of Houxinqiu in Zhangwu County, an analysis was made of stratums in Yong'an Village area of Houxinqiu.Results show that the statums in this area are mainly volcanic eruptive rock, lava and volcanic clastic sedimentary rock of Yi County group (Jky) in Mesozoic Era.The volcanic eruptive rock grows and clamps the sedimetary rock lenticular mass, mostly distributes in strips, and therefore is inferred as the result of intermittent fissure eruption.Lava ranges from the basic to the acid, with clay and bentonite in the lower part and obsidian, pearlite and other minerals in the upper part.

  9. 参橘止咳滴丸止咳祛痰作用的药效学研究%Pharmacodynamic Study on Antitussive and Expectorant Effects of ShenJu ZhiKe Drippling Pills

    李娟; 李晓东; 封士兰; 胡芳弟


    Objective:To study antitussive and expectorant effects of ShenJu ZhiKe dripping pills. Methods:Antitussive and expectorant effects of ShenJu ZhiKe dripping pills were evaluated by the experiments of mice with cough induced by ammonia, guinea pig with cough induced by citric acid, guinea pig with cough induced by elec-tricity stimulated superior laryngeal nerve, tracheal phenol red excretion test of the mice, capillary glass-tube expec-toration method of the rats and other methods. Results:The difference indicated statistical meaning in the compari-son of prolonging cough incubation period of experimental animals, reducing cough times, shortening breathing re-covery time of guinea pig induced by electrical stimulation, increasing phenol red excretion amount and expectora-tion amount when different doses groups of ShenJu ZhiKe dripping pills were compared with normal control group (P<0.05). The difference demonstrated statistical meaning in the comparison of prolong incubation period of experi-mental animals, shortening breathing recovery time of guinea pig induced by electrical stimulation, increasing phe-nol red excretion amount and expectoration amount when moderate and high doses groups of ShenJu ZhiKe dripping pills were compared with positive control group (JiZhi syrup) (P<0.05). Conclusion:ShenJu ZhiKe dripping pills show obvious antitussive and expectorant effects, and high dose group is superior to JiZhi syrup group in clinical effects.%目的:研究参橘止咳滴丸的止咳祛痰作用。方法:采用小鼠氨水引咳、豚鼠枸橼酸引咳和电刺激豚鼠喉上神经引咳、小鼠气管段酚红排出法和大鼠气管毛细玻管排痰法等实验方法评价参橘止咳滴丸的止咳祛痰作用。结果:与正常对照组比较,参橘止咳滴丸各剂量组在延长实验动物的咳嗽潜伏期,减少其咳嗽次数,缩短豚鼠电刺激呼吸恢复时间,增加酚红排出量和排痰量等方面,差异有统计学意义(P<0

  10. Two Novel Hepatocellular Carcinoma Cycle Inhibitory Cyclodepsipeptides from a Hydrothermal Vent Crab-Associated Fungus Aspergillus clavatus C2WU

    Wei Jiang


    Full Text Available Two novel cyclodepsipeptides containing an unusual anthranilic acid dimer and a d-phenyllactic acid residues, clavatustides A (1 and B (2, were identified from cultured mycelia and broth of Aspergillus clavatus C2WU isolated from Xenograpsus testudinatus, which lives at extreme, toxic habitat around the sulphur-rich hydrothermal vents in Taiwan Kueishantao. This is the first example of cyclopeptides containing an anthranilic acid dimer in natural products, and the first report of microbial secondary metabolites from the hydrothermal vent crab. Clavatustides A (1 and B (2 suppressed the proliferation of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC cell lines (HepG2, SMMC-7721 and Bel-7402 in a dose-dependent manner, and induced an accumulation of HepG2 cells in G1 phase and reduction of cells in S phase.

  11. Institutional regulations and local practices of Social warehouse construction in Yong zheng Dynasty The investigation based on the center of Chinese language Zhupi Memorials in Yong Zheng Dynasty%雍正朝社仓建设的制度规范及其地方实践--以《雍正朝汉文朱批奏折汇编》为中心的考察



    Social storage is an important part of the social security system in ancient China,it is often open,gra-naries and other storage duties,complement each other.After the early Qing Dynasty Kangxi start- up attempt,vig-orous promotion in Yong Zheng Dynasty,and gradually establish a more mature and powerful network of social warehouse in the country.In specific storage management,the warehousing construction of Yong Zheng Dynasty particular emphasis on local officials to interfere too much,simple and crude way of donation,embezzlement and other ills barn renovation,in Sichuan and Shanxi,Henan and other regions have achieved remarkable results.%社仓是我国古代社会保障体系的重要组成部分,它与常平仓、义仓等仓储各司其职、相互补充。清初历经康熙朝的初创尝试、雍正朝的大力推行,逐渐建立起全国范围内较为成熟有力的社仓网络。在仓储的具体管理中,雍正朝仓储建设尤其重视对地方官员过多干预、劝捐方式简单粗暴、侵吞仓谷等弊病的整治,于川陕、河南等地区取得了明显成效。

  12. Suan Zao Ren Tang in Combination with Zhi Zi Chi Tang as a Treatment Protocol for Insomniacs with Anxiety: A Randomized Parallel-Controlled Trial

    Lin-lin Hu


    Full Text Available Insomnia is a serious worldwide health problem that is often comorbid with anxiety. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of a Chinese formula containing Suan Zao Ren Tang (SZRT and Zhi Zi Chi Tang (ZZCT; SZR-ZZC for improving sleep quality and anxiety states with four indices of Polysomnography (PSG, the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI, and the Self Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS. Methods. A randomized, parallel-controlled trial compared SZR-ZZC to lorazepam tablet in insomniacs with anxiety. Patients were randomized to the SZR-ZZC treatment group (n=60 and the lorazepam tablet treatment group (n=59. Results. SZR-ZZC significantly improved scores on all four treatment indices. Compared with lorazepam, treatment with SZR-ZZC resulted in a significant reduction in the ISI (P=0.029, the PSQI (P=0.017, and wake after sleep onset (WASO; P=0.008 scores and improved sleep architecture (P=0.000–0.003 after a 4-week treatment period. Only one subject in the SZR-ZZC group experienced adverse side effects. Conclusion. Treatment with SZR-ZZC for 4 weeks appears to be a relatively safe and effective complementary therapeutic option when aiming to improve sleep quality and anxiety in insomniacs with anxiety.

  13. Bian Zheng Lun Zhi as a Complementary and Alternative Treatment for Menstrual Cramps in Women with Dysmenorrhea: A Prospective Clinical Observation

    Pin-Yi Lin


    Full Text Available Background. Limited scientific evidence supports the positive effects of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM for treating dysmenorrhea. Thus, an observation period of 3 months could verify the ancient indication that TCM treatments effectively alleviate menstrual cramps in women with primary dysmenorrhea or endometriosis. Methods. A prospective, nonrandomized study (primary dysmenorrhea and endometriosis groups was conducted in women with dysmenorrhea for more than three consecutive menstrual cycles. All patients received TCM prescriptions based on bian zheng lun zhi theory 14 days before menstruation for a period of 12 weeks. Pain intensity was evaluated using a 10-cm visual analogue scale and two validated questionnaires (the Menstrual Distress Questionnaire and the World Health Organization Quality of Life questionnaire. Results. Of the initial 70 intent-to-treat participants, the women with dysmenorrhea reported significant alleviation of cramps during menstruation after the 12-week TCM treatment. Mixed model analysis revealed that TCM prescriptions were more effective in alleviating fatigue, hot flashes, dizziness, painful breasts, excitement, and irritability in the primary dysmenorrhea group (N=36 than in the endometriosis group (N=34. Conclusion. TCM prescriptions based on syndrome differentiation theory might be a potentially viable choice for treating painful menstruation and premenstrual symptoms after ruling out endometriosis.

  14. 谈《沧浪之水》的用典特点%On the Characteristics of Cang Lang Zhi Shui in Using Allusions

    谭珊琦; 谢开心


      Cang lang Zhi Shui by Yan Zhen analyses intellectuals under the condition of market economy .This paper is dependent on thisway to parse the intellectuals contemporary . Because the novel's characteristic is rich in using allusion such as the blue waves , penetration throughout .Based on the analysis of intellectual and literary self - analysis of intellectuals ,Yuan Zhen adopts poetry allusions to enhance thinking of the novel .%  《沧浪之水》是阎真对市场经济条件下知识分子的剖析,从用典这一角度来解析知识分子的蜕变。该小说用典特点鲜明,以“沧浪之水”之典,贯通始终;以知识分子典故自我剖析知识分子当下的出路;化用诗词典故来增强小说的思考力度。

  15. Professor MA Zhi's Experience on Treating Depression Syndrome from Liver%马智教授从肝论治郁病经验

    张海涛; 李小娟


    马智教授从肝论治郁病,认为郁病多由气机不畅而致,日久可化热、挟痰、生瘀、耗气、伤阴.治疗以疏肝行气为主,兼以清热、化痰、活血、养阴、益气等法,并自创解郁汤,作为治疗郁病的基础方,临床疗效显著.并举验案2则,以临床借鉴.%Professor MA Zhi treated the depression from liver, thinks the depressive disorder is caused by Qi disorder, resulting in heat, phlegm, blood stasis, Qi consumption, yin damage. Treatment is mainly to sooth liver, and to clear heat, phlegm, combined with promoting blood circulation, nourishing, Qi and other methods, and the Jieyu Decoction, the base prescription, has a significant clinical effect.Simultaneously, there are 2 cases for clinical reference.

  16. In Honor of the 80th Birthdays of Professors SHEN JiaCong, SHEN ZhiQuan and ZHUO RenXi

    YANG Bai; GAO ChangYou; ZHANG XianZheng


    Professors SHEN JiaCong,SHEN ZhiQuau aud ZHUO RenXi are famous chemists and educationists of China,and academicians of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.Although born in 1931 and approaching their 80th birthdays,these scientists are still very active in both research and education.Many of their students have become professors and leaders at universities in China,the US,and other countries.The three professors have made significant contributions to the promotion and growth of polymer science in China.To commemorate their 80th birthdays,the editorial board of Science China Chemistry has produced this special issue in Chinese and English Editions.We are honored to dedicate this issue to them.We thank the many professors who have contributed a great deal of time and effort to this special issue on writing and reviewing.We also thank the editorial staffs of Science China Chemistry,Dr ZHU XiaoWen,and Dr TIAN Ying for their work on the design,organization,editing and production of this issue.

  17. Suan zao ren tang in combination with zhi zi chi tang as a treatment protocol for insomniacs with anxiety: a randomized parallel-controlled trial.

    Hu, Lin-Lin; Zhang, Xin; Liu, Wen-Juan; Li, Mei; Zhang, Yong-Hua


    Insomnia is a serious worldwide health problem that is often comorbid with anxiety. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of a Chinese formula containing Suan Zao Ren Tang (SZRT) and Zhi Zi Chi Tang (ZZCT; SZR-ZZC) for improving sleep quality and anxiety states with four indices of Polysomnography (PSG), the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), and the Self Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS). Methods. A randomized, parallel-controlled trial compared SZR-ZZC to lorazepam tablet in insomniacs with anxiety. Patients were randomized to the SZR-ZZC treatment group (n = 60) and the lorazepam tablet treatment group (n = 59). Results. SZR-ZZC significantly improved scores on all four treatment indices. Compared with lorazepam, treatment with SZR-ZZC resulted in a significant reduction in the ISI (P = 0.029), the PSQI (P = 0.017), and wake after sleep onset (WASO; P = 0.008) scores and improved sleep architecture (P = 0.000-0.003) after a 4-week treatment period. Only one subject in the SZR-ZZC group experienced adverse side effects. Conclusion. Treatment with SZR-ZZC for 4 weeks appears to be a relatively safe and effective complementary therapeutic option when aiming to improve sleep quality and anxiety in insomniacs with anxiety.

  18. An Immunomodulatory Protein (Ling Zhi-8 from a Ganoderma lucidum Induced Acceleration of Wound Healing in Rat Liver Tissues after Monopolar Electrosurgery

    Hao-Jan Lin


    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of an immunomodulatory protein (Ling Zhi-8, LZ-8 on wound healing in rat liver tissues after monopolar electrosurgery. Animals were sacrificed for evaluations at 0, 3, 7, and 28 days postoperatively. It was found that the wound with the LZ-8 treatment significantly increases wound healing. Western blot analysis clearly indicated that the expression of NF-κB was decreased at 3, 7, and 28 days when liver tissues were treated with LZ-8. Moreover, caspase-3 activity of the liver tissue also significantly decreases at 7 and 28 days, respectively. DAPI staining and TUNEL assays revealed that only a minimal dispersion of NF-κB was found on the liver tissue treated with LZ-8 at day 7 as compared with day 3 and tissues without LZ-8 treatment. Similarly, apoptosis was decreased on liver tissues treated with LZ-8 at 7 days when compared to the control (monopolar electrosurgery tissues. Therefore, the analytical results demonstrated that LZ-8 induced acceleration of wound healing in rat liver tissues after monopolar electrosurgery.

  19. Professor SUN Gui-zhi's Clinical Experience of Using Herbal Medicine for Testicular Cancer Treatment%孙桂芝教授治疗睾丸癌经验

    王辉; 孙桂芝


    Testicular cancer is one of the most common male reproductive system tumors. Professor SUN Gui-zhi who has been treating this disease for several years in Guang1 anmen hospital affiliated to China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences sums up her experience and raises an Chinese medicine theory that the function of liver, spleen and kidney is the spindle in testicular cancer treting. And she always uses Chinese medicine methods called "yipishen" , "wenxiaojiao" , "sanhanshi" , "pojiqi" , 'heqixue" , "tongxuemai" , "chu'edu" and so on to adjust this spindle under the principle of differentiation symptoms and differentiation deseases. As results, her patients always access good clinical effects.%睾丸肿瘤是男性生殖系统最常见的肿瘤.中国中医科学院广安门医院肿瘤科孙桂芝教授从中医脏象理论的肝、脾、肾三脏功能为主轴,通过补肝肾、温下焦、散寒湿、破积气、和气血、通血脉、除恶毒等治法,辨证与辨病相结合,临床获得良好疗效.

  20. Zhutheca Liu, Li et Hilton gen. nov., the fertile pinnules of Fascipteris densata Gu et Zhi and their significance in marattialean evolution.

    Liu; Li; Hilton


    The morphology of the fertile pinnules of Fascipteris densata Gu et Zhi have been subjected to a detailed morphological investigation based on recently collected specimens from the Upper Permian of Yunnan Province, south China. These investigations have revealed that this species possesses synangia of the Asterotheca-type, situated in two or three rows either side of the midrib on a Fascipteris-type pinnule. This arrangement of Asterotheca-type synangia is extremely unusual considering that all other reports of this genus are with a single row of synangia located on each side of the midrib of a pecopteroid-type pinnule. As a consequence of this unique morphological arrangement, a new genus, Zhutheca densata Liu, Li et Hilton gen. et comb. nov. has been created to distinguish this material from other specimens of the Asterotheca and Fascipteris types. The structure and arrangement of the fertile pinnule of Zhutheca are compared with other Palaeozoic and Mesozoic marattialean taxa with which it shares certain features of its morphology. In addition, the stratigraphic, evolutionary and phylogenetic significance of Zhutheca are considered in detail.

  1. Professor LI Zhi-dao's clinical experiences in acupuncture%李志道教授针灸临证心识

    陈波; 赵雪; 王丽; 陈泽林


    The outstanding experiences of Professor LI Zhi-dao in acupuncture clinic practices are stated in this paper. He believes acupoint and manipulation are the key factors which determine the clinical efficacy, He explains that the accurate acupoint location is the basis of acupuncture manipulation. He clarifies that acupoint location is located by tactile perception with hands. You should touch a wider area around the acupoint; the accurate acupoint location is mainly around or among the edges of bones, tendons and muscles; you should continually press, push and touch. The direction, angle and depth of needle insertion are the guarantee of the safety and efficacy of acupuncture clinic practices. Furthermore, the needling sensation and its transmission are crucial to the clinical efficacy.%介绍李志道教授的针灸临床经验.李志道教授认为"穴"与"术"是临证疗效的关键,准确取穴是针灸施术的前提,倡导定穴时主要在"骨、筋、肉"的间或边上"循按、劲推、重抠";把握针刺的方向、角度和深度是安全与疗效的保障;针感强弱与传导的控制是针刺产生疗效的关键.

  2. Primary study on WU Jie-ping's medical teaching thought%吴阶平医学教学思想初探

    李效义; 于书彦; 兰泓; 许永照; 陈嬿


    本文以下卷为基本资料,从对吴阶平长达50余年的医学教育经历中,探讨了他的医学教学思想,尤其是对他的"教本领"与"学本领"以及改变课堂教学中"满堂灌"的教学方法等思想进行了分析提炼,并结合吴阶平创办北京第二医学院的教学实践,对其医学教学思想中的几个关键问题进行了初步探讨.%Using "WU Jie-ping's collected works (vol. 2)" as the basic material and through his more than 50 years teaching experience, WU Jie-ping' s medical teaching thought is studied. Especially, WU Jie-ping' s teaching method, that"whole-house fill" in classroom teaching is changed into" teaching skills" and "learning skills", has been analysed and summarized. Combined with the practice in medical teaching thought during the foundation of Beijing Secondary Medical College, several key points in WU Jie-ping' s teaching thought are primary explored. All the above are aiming to have a certain value for reference in current medical education.

  3. 吴深涛辨治糖尿病眩晕经验探析%Wu Shentao's experience in differentiating and treating vertigo in diabetic patients



    从辨证分型、处方用药等方面探讨吴深涛治疗糖尿病眩晕临床辨治经验.%This paper discusses Professor Wu Shentao' s experience with vertigo in diabetic patients from the following aspects: syndrome differentiation, prescription and medication.

  4. 从体用关系角度理解儒家的道德论述——兼论当代儒学的核心价值观%An Understanding of the Confucian Ethics from the Perspective of the Relationship of Ti and Yong and the Core Value of the Contemporary Confucianism



    -operating;whereas,the "Tao" in Confucianism is an ontological concept which has political,ethical and moral functions all in one.Among the many meanings of "Tao" in Confucianism,the most important and fundamental is the morality which is based on "Tao",and is the basic principle of life,and is the ideal in politics and the policy to run a country and provide stability to its people.The "De"(morality) described in Confucianism is the understanding and the practice,as well as the reflection of "Tao".In the logic of Confucianism,the relationship of "Tao" and "De" in essence is the relationship of "Ti"(foundation or base) and "Yong"(practice),which means "Tao" is the fundamental moral that serves as "Ti",and "De" is the reflection of "Dao",which is the practice.The most important core value in Confucianism,among many other values,is "Ren"(goodness),which is also the fundamental "Tao" in Confucianism.The relationships of "Ren" and other virtues(such as "Yi","Li","Zhi","Xin","He" and "Jing" etc) are not parallel;rather,it is the relationship of "Ti" and "Yong".The "Ren" is the entity of the "Tao",and the other virtues are the practice of the "Tao".The general understanding of the fundamental core value in Confucianism refers to "Ren",however,there are different interpretations of the virtues to reflect the "Ren",such as "si wei"(four virtues: Li,Yi,Lian,Chi),"wu xing"(five practices: Ren,Yi,Li,Zhi,Xin),"liu de"(six virtues: Zhi,Ren,Sheng,Yi,Zhong) and "ba de"(eight virtues: Xiao,Ti,Zhong,Xin,Li,Yi,Lian,Chi) etc.This article believes the core value of Confucianism as "one goodness(Ren Tao) and five virtues(Yi,Li,Xin,He,Jing)",which is the understanding based on the spiritual needs of contemporary society and a universal perspective on values.The spiritual crisis in the society and the lost of morality are

  5. 旱地脂脱方联合梅花针叩刺治疗脂溢性脱发疗效观察%Observation of Han Di Zhi Tuo Fang Combined with Percussopunctator in Treating Alopecia Seborrhoeica



    目的:观察旱地脂脱方联合梅花针叩刺治疗脂溢性脱发的治疗效果。方法选择86例脂溢性脱发患者随机分为观察组和对照组各43例;对照组给予口服维生素B6片剂治疗,治疗组给予旱地脂脱方联合梅花针叩刺治疗。比较两组治疗效果。结果治疗组总有效率(88.37%)高于对照组(74.42%),差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论旱地脂脱方联合梅花针叩刺治疗脂溢性脱发疗效显著,值得进一步推广。%ObjectTo analysis the effect of Han Di Zhi Tuo Fang combined with percussopunctator in treating alopecia seborrhoeica. Methods: 86 cases of alopecia seborrhoeica were divided into treatment group and control group with 43 cases. Control group were treated by Vitamin B6. Treatment group were treated with Han Di Zhi Tuo Fang combined with percussopunctator. The clinical effects of the two groups were observed. Results: The total effective rate in treatment group (88.37%) was significantly higher than control group (74.42%), the difference was statistical significance (p<0.05). Conclusion:The therapy of Han Di Zhi Tuo Fang combined with percussopunctator has a good effect in treating alopecia seborrhoeica, worth clinical promotion.

  6. A study of WU Shao-zu’s sports ideologies%伍绍祖体育思想初探



    Wu Shao-zu was the last director of Sports Commission of China and the first director of General Sports Administration of China. During his 11-year term of office, he put forward ideologies for guiding sports develop-ment, such as “harmonious development of various sports”, “six-trend and six-transformation”, “four-basis”,“eight-function” etc., issued Sports Law of the People’s Republic of China, “National Fitness Program Outline”,“Olympic Glory Program Outline”, and “Sports Industry Development Outline”. During his tenure, WU Shao-zu advocated the ideology of dialectically unified sports development, valued the comprehensive development of sports, and formed a unique sports ideological system. He carried out a series of reforms on Chinese sports, and cre-ated systematic and scientific sports management.%伍绍祖是我国最后一位国家体委主任和第一任国家体育总局局长,在他任职的11年里提出了“各类体育协调发展”、“六化六转变”、“四个基本、八个功能”等体育发展指导思想,国家颁布了《中华人民共和体育法》、“全民健身计划纲要”、“奥运争光计划纲要”、“体育产业发展纲要”。伍绍祖任职期间倡导辩证统一的体育发展思想,注重体育的全面发展,形成了独特的体育思想体系。他对中国体育进行了一系列的改革,开系统科学管理体育的先河。

  7. 论“酒道”之大和谐——从中国酒都之五粮液与五黑液的文化谈起%Discussion on the Harmony of Principle of Liquor in China Liquor: Talking About the Liquor Cultures of Wu Liang Ye and Wu Hei Ye Made in Chinese Liquor City

    王金月; 骆凤文; 郭五林


    酒都的"酒道",是"天道""、人道"和"地道"的和谐统一;五粮液是"天地人道"的集大成者,而产于高县庆符镇的五黑液则是"人生长寿之道"的美醇典范。五粮液(Wu Liang Ye)是Water+Liquid+Yangtze river;而五黑液(Wu Hei Ye)首字母的缩写为英文的WHY(为什么,为何之意),为什么喝白酒,饮五粮液,品五黑液,喝白酒何为?此"酒道"不仅涵盖了古今,也囊括了中外,将历史与现实有机地统一在两个白酒名优佳品,即"都邑王者"五粮液与"天地生民"五黑液之形质之中。"酒道"乃"和谐融汇之道"也。%Jiudao, the principle of liquor, is a harmony of Tiandao, Rendao, and Didao. Wu Liang Ye is a complex of the above principles, whereas Wu Hei Ye is the apotheosis of longevity liquor. Wu Liang Ye stands for Water plus Liquid plus Yangtze river, whereas the abbreviation of the capital letters of Wu Hei Ye is WHY. The principle of liquor not only covers the modem and ancient, but also includes Chinese and foreign ones. The fusion of history and reality is realized in these two famous liquors. The principle of liquor is the principle of harmony.

  8. Integrated plasma and urine metabolomics coupled with HPLC/QTOF-MS and chemometric analysis on potential biomarkers in liver injury and hepatoprotective effects of Er-Zhi-Wan.

    Yao, Weifeng; Gu, Haiwei; Zhu, Jiangjiang; Barding, Gregory; Cheng, Haibo; Bao, Beihua; Zhang, Li; Ding, Anwei; Li, Wei


    Metabolomics techniques are the comprehensive assessment of endogenous metabolites in a biological system and may provide additional insight into the molecular mechanisms. Er-Zhi-Wan (EZW) is a traditional Chinese medicine formula, which contains Fructus Ligustri Lucidi (FLL) and Herba Ecliptae (HE). EZW is widely used to prevent and treat various liver injuries through the nourishment of the liver. However, the precise molecular mechanism of hepatoprotective effects has not been comprehensively explored. Here, an integrated metabolomics strategy was designed to assess the effects and possible mechanisms of EZW against carbon tetrachloride-induced liver injury, a commonly used model of both acute and chronic liver intoxication. High-performance chromatography/quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (HPLC/QTOF-MS) combined with chemometric approaches including principal component analysis (PCA) and partial least squares-discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) were used to discover differentiating metabolites in metabolomics data of rat plasma and urine. Results indicate six differentiating metabolites, tryptophan, sphinganine, tetrahydrocorticosterone, pipecolic acid, L-2-amino-3-oxobutanoic acid and phosphoribosyl pyrophosphate, in the positive mode. Functional pathway analysis revealed that the alterations in these metabolites were associated with tryptophan metabolism, sphingolipid metabolism, steroid hormone biosynthesis, lysine degradation, glycine, serine and threonine metabolism, and pentose phosphate pathway. Of note, EZW has a potential pharmacological effect, which might be through regulating multiple perturbed pathways to the normal state. Our findings also showed that the robust integrated metabolomics techniques are promising for identifying more biomarkers and pathways and helping to clarify the function mechanisms of traditional Chinese medicine.

  9. GIS and SBF for estimating groundwater recharge of a mountainous basin in the Wu River watershed, Taiwan

    Hsin-Fu Yeh; Hung-I Lin; Shing-Tsz Lee; Min-Hsiang Chang; Kuo-Chin Hsu; Cheng-Haw Lee


    The temporal and spatial distributions of precipitation are extremely uneven; so, careful management of water resources in Taiwan is crucial. The long-term overexploitation of groundwater resources poses a challenge to water resource management in Taiwan. However, assessing groundwater resources in mountainous basins is challenging due to limited information. In this study, a geographic information system (GIS) and stable base-flow (SBF) techniques were used to assess the characteristics of groundwater recharge considering the Wu River watershed in central Taiwan as a study area. First, a GIS approach was used to integrate five contributing factors: lithology, land cover/land use, lineaments, drainage, and slope. The weights of factors contributing to the groundwater recharge were obtained from aerial photos, geological maps, a land use database, and field verification. Second, the SBF was used to estimate the groundwater recharge in a mountainous basin scale. The concept of the SBF technique was to separate the base-flow from the total streamflow discharge in order to obtain a measure of groundwater recharge. The SBF technique has the advantage of integrating groundwater recharge across an entire basin without complex hydro-geologic modelling and detailed knowledge of the soil characteristics. In this study, our approach for estimating recharge provides not only an estimate of how much water becomes groundwater, but also explains the characteristics of a potential groundwater recharge zone.

  10. 吴稚晖和里昂中法大学%Wu Zhihui and The University of Lyon



    Wu Zhihui was the first to propose the establishment of University in China outside .Each link in the Sino French university he founded ,Lyon ,enrollment management in both pay great efforts ,more have the deepest hopes ,but because he was lazy nature and economic problems ,suffered as a result of students siege and opposition ,eventually had to disappoint‐ment .%吴稚晖作为第一任里昂中法大学的校长,在大学的创办、招生、管理等各个环节都付出了极大心血。但是,由于受到学潮、经济以及外方制约等因素的影响,教育事业一再受挫。吴稚晖虽然承认他办学失败,但他对学校和学生却未失去信心。

  11. A Comparison Between WU Xun and James YEN%武训与晏阳初之比较研究

    杨梅; 王小丁


      “千古奇丐”武训怀着对贫苦大众的仁爱,数十年如一日行乞兴办义学;“世界平民教育之父”晏阳初70多年从事平民教育和乡村建设。他们将毕生精力和心血投入平民教育事业的精神,值得弘扬。今天的教育仍需要持之以恒的探索精神和实验精神,仍需要这种淡薄名利脚踏实地的改良者。%Wu Xun raised educational funds by begging and provided free education for the masses in all his life ,while James YEN spent over 70 years in civilian education and rural development .Both educators de-voted all their lives to civilian education laudably .Similarly ,nowadays China’s education still calls for such devotion and spirit ,and such altruistic reformers .

  12. 吴银根辨治间质性肺疾病经验%Professor Wu Yingen' s clinical experience in treating interstitial lung disease

    喻晓; 方泓; 唐斌擎


    This article introduces Professor Wu Yingen' s clinical experience in treating interstitial lung disease by traditional Chinese medicine. Professor Wu thinks that obstruction of lung collaterals is the basic pathogenesis of interstitial lung disease, so tonifying and activating the lung collaterals is the basic treatment method. And one case is presented.%介绍吴银根教授运用中医药辨治间质性肺疾病的临床经验.认为肺络痹阻为间质性肺疾病的基本病机;其基本治法为通补肺络,以辛通络痹、搜络化痹为主;遣方用药,灵活变通,并根据患者不同病情,中西医结合,规范用药.并附验案1则.

  13. 李用粹医学理论和实践中的易学烙印%Applications of Yi theory in the medical theory and practice by LI Yong-cui

    魏飞跃; 文乐兮


    李用粹深受中国传统文化熏陶,推崇易学,不仅论病析药每每浸染易学文化色彩,而且辨证论治总能融会易学思维,尤其体现在见微知著,既病防变;分清标本缓急,相时而动;立足整体,据五行生克立法.%Li Yong-cui was deeply affected by traditional Chinese culture and accorded great importance to Yi theory. He applied Yi theory into analysis of illnesses and medicines and used thinking way of Yi in syndrome differentiation and treatments, especially in the situations like this: he could see the entirety from the small details to prevent the development of diseases; he could differentiate the symptoms and root causes, the urgent and the deferred, to take proper treatments at the right time; he could apply the rules based on the holism and the generation-inhibition among five elements.

  14. Planting Performance and High-yielding Cultivation Techniques for Hybrid Rice Combination Shenliangyou 862 at Yong,an City%深两优862在永安市种植表现与高产栽培技术



    深两优862是由江苏明天种业科技有限公司、南昌穗民农业科技有限公司、临湘市兆农科技研发中心,用深08S与R5662配组育成的杂交水稻新品种。具有长势旺,分蘖力强,成穗率高,有效穗多,高产稳产,米质优等特点。介绍深两优862在永安市种植表现与高产栽培技术。%A new hybrid rice combination Shenliangyou 862 derived from the cross of a sterile line Shen 08S and a restorer line R5662 was developed by Jiangsu Mingtian Seed Science and Technology Co., Ltd, Nan-chang Suimin Agricultural Science and Technology Co., Ltd and Linxiang Zhaonong Science and Technology Research and Development Center. It showed the characteristics of vigorous growth, strong tillering ability, high earbearing tiller percentage, more effective panicle number, high and stable yield, and good quality. Planting performance and high-yielding cultivation techniques for Shenliangyou 862 at Yong,an city was in-troduced in this paper.

  15. The Dynamic Analysis of Agro-ecological Economic System on the Basis of Emergy : A Case Study of Wu'an City in Hebei Province


    Using the method of emergy analysis, we analyze the input and output of agro-ecological economic system, and select five indicators (net emergy yield ratio, emergy investment ratio, environmental loading ratio, emergy sustainability index, and dominance of emergy yield system) for assessment. The results show that the emergy input-output in Wu'an City is in general on the rise; the emergy investment ratio rises constantly, but the net emergy yield ratio decreases, and the comparative advantag...

  16. A sensitive liquid chromatographic-mass spectrometric method for simultaneous quantification of six iridoid glycosides from Zhi-zi-chi Decoction in rat plasma and its application to a pharmacokinetic study.

    Qu, Kankan; Dai, Jinna; Zhao, Longshan; Lu, Yanan; Li, Bin; Zhao, Xu; Hou, Pengyi; Zhang, Yuanting; Bi, Kaishun; Chen, Xiaohui


    A sensitive liquid chromatographic-mass spectrometric (LC-MS) method was developed and validated for simultaneous determination of geniposide, geniposidic acid, scandoside methyl ester, gardenoside, deacetyl asperulosidic acid methyl ester and genipin-1-β-gentiobioside after oral administration of Zhi-zi-chi Decoction in rat plasma. The six iridoid glycosides were extracted from plasma samples by protein precipitation, and then separated on an Apollo C18 column (250 mm × 4.6mm, 5 μm) through the application of a gradient elution. The analytes were monitored in positive electrospray ionization by selected ion monitoring mode (SIM). The lower limits of quantitation (LLOQ) of the six analytes were all lower than 6 ng/mL. The accuracy (relative error, RE%) was between -7.0% and 9.9%, while the intra- and inter-day precisions (relative standard deviation, RSD%) were less than 6.3% and 9.8% for the six analytes, respectively. The developed method was successfully applied to a comparative pharmacokinetic study of the six iridoids in rat plasma after oral administration of Zhi-zi-chi Decoction and Gardenia jasminoides extract.

  17. 谈升运用经方桂枝龙牡汤经验举隅%TAN Sheng′s Experience of Using Classical Prescription GuiZhi LongMuTang



    TCM doctor TAN Sheng′s experience of applying modified GuiZhi LongMuTang to spermatorrhea, premature ejaculation, menopause, insomnia, sweating, vertigo, chest obstruction and chronic cough was discussed through typical cases. It was thought that the doctor differentiated the syndromes accurately, followed the pathogene-sis, emphasized the same therapy for different diseases and appled GuiZhi LongMuTang to different diseases, there-fore, the treatment could obtain better effects.%通过典型案例,探讨谈升中医师在临床中运用桂枝龙牡汤加减治疗遗精、早泄、更年期综合征、失眠、汗证、眩晕、胸痹、久咳等病证的经验。认为其辨证准确、谨守病机,注重异病同治,一方多用的论治精神,从而获得很好的疗效。

  18. John C. H. Wu and Sociological Jurisprudence’s Spreading in China%吴经熊与法社会学在中国的传播



    John C.H. Wu studied at US and Europe, and had a profound understanding of American and European sociological jurisprudence through top jurists as Holmes, Pound, Geny, Stammler, Cardozo,etc. After going back to China, John C.H. Wu spread sociological jurisprudence through his essays. John C.H. Wu not only introduced the knowledge by translation, but made some innovation at the theories of psychological jurisprudence, law pluralism and three dimensions of law. Through John C.H. Wu’s influence, sociological jurisprudence was highly praised, and became popular in China.%吴经熊留学欧美,结识了霍姆斯、庞德、施塔姆勒等世界顶级法学大师,汲取了法社会学理论。吴经熊回国后,大力传播法社会学思想。他并不停留于浅显译介,而是力图创新,终于在心理法学、法律多元论和法律三度论等方面取得突破。在吴经熊等法学家影响下,法社会学思想在国内受到推崇,渐渐汇成一股潮流。

  19. Influence of filling-drawdown cycles of the Three Gorges reservoir on deformation and failure behaviors of anaclinal rock slopes in the Wu Gorge

    Huang, Da; Gu, Dong Ming


    The upper Wu Gorge on the Yangtze River has been the site of tens of reservoir-induced landslides since the filling of the Three Gorges reservoir in 2003. These landslides have been occurring in heavily fractured carbonate rock materials along the rim of the reservoir in the Wu Gorge. A detailed investigation was carried out to examine the influence of reservoir operations (filling and drawdown) on slope stabilities in the upper Wu Gorge. Field investigations reveal many collapses of various types occurred at the toe of the anaclinal rock slopes, owing to the long-term intensive river erosion caused by periodic fluctuation of the reservoir level. Analysis of data from deformation monitoring suggests that the temporal movement of the slopes shows seasonal fluctuations that correlate with reservoir levels and drawdown conditions, with induced slope acceleration peaking when reservoir levels are lowest. This may illustrate that the main mechanism is the reservoir drawdown, which induces an episodic seepage force in the highly permeable materials at the slope toes, and thus leads to the episodic rockslides. The coupled hydraulic-mechanical (HM) modeling of the G2 landslide, which occurred in 2008, shows that collapse initiated at the submerged slope toe, which then caused the upper slope to collapse in a rock topple-rock slide pattern. The results imply that preventing water erosion at the slope toe might be an effective way for landslide prevention in the study area.

  20. Pseudo-science in the Chinese linguistics circle:A brief summary of the ongoing academic dispute between Xu Dejiang(徐德江)and Wu Tieping(伍铁平)%Pseudo-science in the Chinese linguistics circle:A brief summary of the ongoing academic dispute between Xu Dejiang (徐德江) and Wu Tieping (伍铁平)

    David Moser


    @@ Ⅰ. Introduction A recent issue of the Chinese academic jourrai Foreign Language Education1 contained an article by one of China's linguists,Wu Tieping,a professor in the Chinese Department of Beijing Normal University, accusing Xu Dejiang,the editor of a journal Chinese Character Culture()of being an "academic fraud".

  1. Effect of Jian-Pi-Zhi-Dong Decoction on striatal glutamate and γ-aminobutyric acid levels detected using microdialysis in a rat model of Tourette syndrome

    Zhang W


    Full Text Available Wen Zhang,1,* Li Wei,2,* Wenjing Yu,1 Xia Cui,1 Xiaofang Liu,2 Qian Wang,1 Sumei Wang2 1Department of Pediatrics, The Third Affiliated Hospital, 2Department of Pediatrics, Dongfang Hospital, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing, People’s Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Background: Jian-Pi-Zhi-Dong Decoction (JPZDD is a dedicated treatment of Tourette syndrome (TS. The balance of neurotransmitters in the cortico-striato-pallido-thalamo-cortical network is crucial to the occurrence of TS and related to its severity. This study evaluated the effect of JPZDD on glutamate (Glu and γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA and their receptors in a TS rat model.Materials and methods: Rats were divided into four groups (n=12 each. TS was induced in three of the groups by injecting them with 3,3'-iminodipropionitrile for 7 consecutive days. Two model groups were treated with tiapride (Tia or JPZDD, while the control and the remaining model group were gavaged with saline. Behavior was assessed by stereotypic score and autonomic activity. Striatal Glu and GABA contents were detected using microdialysis. Expressions of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor 1 and GABAA receptor (GABAAR were observed using Western blot and real-time polymerase chain reaction.Results: Tia and JPZDD groups had decreased stereotypy compared with model rats; however, the JPZDD group showed a larger decrease in stereotypy than the Tia group at a 4-week time point. In a spontaneous activity test, the total distance of the JPZDD and Tia groups was significantly decreased compared with the model group. The Glu levels of the model group were higher than the control group and decreased with Tia or JPZDD treatment. The GABA level was higher in the model group than the control group. Expressions of GABAAR protein in the model group were higher than in the control group. Treatment with Tia or JPZDD reduced the expression of GABAAR protein. In the case of the m

  2. Preconditioning with Gua Lou Gui Zhi decoction enhances H2O2-induced Nrf2/HO-1 activation in PC12 cells.

    Mao, Jingjie; Li, Zuanfang; Lin, Ruhui; Zhu, Xiaoqin; Lin, Jiumao; Peng, Jun; Chen, Lidian


    Spasticity is common in various central neurological conditions, including after a stroke. Such spasticity may cause additional problems, and often becomes a primary concern for afflicted individuals. A number of studies have identified nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 (Nrf2) as a key regulator in the adaptive survival response to oxidative stress. Elevated expression of Nrf2, combined with heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1) resistance, in the central nervous system is known to elicit key internal and external oxidation protection. Gua Lou Gui Zhi decoction (GLGZD) is a popular traditional Chinese formula with a long history of clinical use in China for the treatment of muscular spasticity following a stroke, epilepsy or a spinal cord injury. However, the mechanism underlying the efficacy of the medicine remains unclear. In the present study, the antioxidative effects of GLGZD were evaluated and the underlying molecular mechanisms were investigated, using hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced rat pheochromocytoma cells (PC12 cells) as an in vitro oxidative stress model of neural cells. Upon application of different concentrations of GLGZD, a 3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay and ATP measurement were conducted to assess the impact on PC12 cell proliferation. In addition, inverted microscopy observations, and the MTT and ATP assessments, revealed that GLGZD attenuated H2O2-induced oxidative damage and signaling repression in PC12 cells. Furthermore, the mRNA and protein expression levels of Nrf2 and HO-1, which are associated with oxidative stress, were analyzed using reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and confocal microscopy. Confocal microscopy observations, as well as the quantitative PCR assay, revealed that GLGZD exerted a neuroprotective function against H2O2-induced oxidative damage in PC12 cells. Therefore, the results demonstrated that GLGZD protected PC12 cells injured by H2O2, which may be

  3. Herbal medicine Yin Zhi Huang induces CYP3A4-mediated sulfoxidation and CYP2C19-dependent hydroxylation of omeprazole

    Lan FAN; Hong-hao ZHOU; Guo WANG; Lian-sheng WANG; Yao CHEN; Wei ZHANG; Yuan-fei HUANG; Rui-xue HUANG; Dong-li HU; Dan WANG


    Aim: To explore the potential interactions between Yin Zhi Huang (YZH) and omeprazole, a substrate of CYP3A4 and CYP2C19. Methods: Eighteen healthy volunteers, including 6 CYP2C19* 1/*1, 6 CYP2C19*1/*2 or *3 and 6 CYP2C19*2/ *2 were enrolled in a 2-phase, randomized, crossover clinical trial. In each phase,the volunteers received either placebo or 10 mL YZH oral liquid, 3 times daily for 14 d. Then all the patients took a 20 mg omeprazole capsule orally. Blood samples were collected up to 12 h after omeprazole administration. Plasma concentrations of omeprazole and its metabolites were quantified by HPLC with UV detection.Results: After 14 d of treatment of YZH, plasma omeprazole significantly decreased and those of omeprazole sulfone and 5-hydroxyomeprazole signifi-cantly increased. The ratios of the area under the plasma concentration-time curves from time 0 to infinity (AUC(0-∞) of omeprazole to 5-hydroxyomprazole and those of omeprazole to omeprazole sulfone decreased by 64.80%±12.51% (P=0.001 ) and 63.31%±18.45 % (P=0.004) in CYP2C 19* 1/* 1,57.98%±14. 80% (P=0.002)and 54.87%±18.42% (P=0.003) in CYP2C19*1/*2 or *3, and 37.74%±16.07% (P=0.004) and 45.16%± 15.54% (P=0.003) in CYP2C19*2/*2, respectively. The decrease of the AUC(0-∞) ratio of omeprazole to 5-hydroxyomprazole in CYP2C19*1/*1 and CYP2C19*1/*2 or *3 was greater than those in CYP2C19*2/*2 (P=0.047 and P=0.009). Conclusion: YZH induces both CYP3A4-catalyzed sulfoxidation and CYP2C19-dependent hydroxylation of omeprazole leading to decreases in plasma omeprazole concentrations.

  4. 陆志韦新诗节奏试验综论%On Experiment of Chinese Free Verse Rhythm by LU Zhi -wei

    邓丹; 陈芝国


    陆志韦因最早自觉地进行新诗节奏试验而在新诗史上占有重要地位。他在表征现代民族国家想象的白话做诗原则下,自《渡河》中南腔北调的精神奋斗失败后,摹仿无韵诗以北京话的轻重音作为新诗节奏的基石,为新诗格律探索在自由诗派的自然语调、新月诗派的整齐划一和后起的音组说之外提供了一条新的道路。陆志韦虽然意识到轻重的局限而回撤到中国传统的用韵,但其《杂样的五拍诗》不仅是具有诗歌形式的试验品,更因为其中凸现的“经验隔断”使它成为我们考察转折时代诗人政治与审美错位的一个典型文本。%LU Zhi - wei plays an important role in the history of modern poetry for the first one to make the experiment of Chinese free verse rhythm consciously. Based on the principle of vernacular, he imitated iambic pentameter of the blank verse to make the stress and unstressed syllable of Beijing dialect as the basic rhythm of the new poem, adding a new method for the meter of the poem besides the natural intonation style of Free Verse and the neat style of New Moon. He realized the limitation of the stress and unstressed syllable and returned to Chinese traditional rhythm, but his Zayang Wupai Shi is regarded as a typical text to study the politics and esthetic dislocation of the poet, being only a sample of the new poem and distinguished for its Experimental Gap ( between the poems and people).

  5. Architect Wu Liangyong



  6. Fossil Plants from the Bantou Formation of Yong' an,Fujian Province and Their Paleoclimatic Significance%福建永安坂头组植物及古气候分析

    戴静; 孙柏年; 谈树成; 高博; 赵志芳; 王永栋


    分析了福建永安盆地早白垩世坂头植物群的组成特征.共计报道该植物群化石24属52种左右,包括未定种以及存疑种21个.植物群的组成以具鳞片状叶的松柏类化石为主,苏铁类化石次之,并以本内苏铁目占绝对优势,然后是真蕨类化石,以小羽片小而质厚为特征,银杏化石及其少见,未发现被子植物.坂头组植物的组成面貌与欧洲Wealden植物群、日本外带领石植物群,以及我国南方植物区,如浙江、山东等地的早白垩世植物群比较一致,说明坂头组合化石层位年龄为早白垩世早期.坂头组大多数植物主要分布于热带或亚热带地区,具有耐干旱炎热的特点,反映了较干旱而炎热的气候特征.除此之外,还发现少量适宜生活在温凉潮湿气候环境下的植物.根据这些对气候具有指示意义的代表分子在坂头组中的数量以及分布情况,推断永安盆地早白垩世早期气候总体上比较干旱炎热,且伴随有不同程度季节性的潮湿.%The composition of fossil plants from the Bantou Formation of Yong'an, western Fujian Province, is analyzed and summarized. 52 species (including 21 indeterminate and suspicious species) ascribed to 24 genus have been reported from the formation up to now. Among them, the conifers with spiral scales are dominant; cycads are mainly composed of Bennettitales; ferns are characterized by small and thick pinnules; Ginkgoales are very few, and angiosperms are absent. The fossil assemblage of the Bantou Florais comparatively consistent with that of the Wealden Flora in Europe, the ryoseki Flora in outer zone of Japan, as well as the Early Cretaceous floras from the South Floristic Region in China, such as Zhejiang and Shandong provinces. This indicates that the age of fossil beds of the Bantou Formation is early Early Cretaceous. Meanwhile, most of the species from the Bantou Formation are xerophilous and are mainly distributed in tropical and

  7. Promotion of classic neutral bile acids synthesis pathway is responsible for cholesterol-lowing effect of Si-miao-yong-an decoction: Application of LC-MS/MS method to determine 6 major bile acids in rat liver and plasma.

    Liu, Ziying; Zhang, Yu; Zhang, Ruowen; Gu, Liqiang; Chen, Xiaohui


    Si-miao-yong-an decoction (SMYAD), a traditional Chinese medicine formula, significantly reduced plasma TC, LDL-c levels and increased HDL-c level in hyperlipidemia rats. Liver function test and tissue section examination indicated that SMYAD improved liver function and reduced fat accumulation in hyperlipidemia rat liver. A LC-MS/MS method was established and well validated to evaluate major bile acids derived from cholesterol metabolism through the classic neutral pathway and the alternative acidic pathway (cholic acid, chenodeoxycholic acid and their taurine and glycine conjugates) in liver and plasma. Increased total 6 bile acids concentrations in both liver and plasma were observed after oral administration of 12g/kg/d, 24g/kg/d and 36g/kg/d of SMYAD in a dose dependent manner which contributed to eliminate of cholesterol. Cholic acid, taurocholic acid and glycocholic acid act as the main products of bile acid classic neutral synthesis pathway and show sharp increase (p<0.01) after treatment of SMYAD at dosage of 24-36g/kg/d. For liver samples, taurocholic acid level act as the largest growth section, while in plasma samples, cholic acid act as the largest growth section after SMYAD treatment, compared with Model group. By contrast, the main products of alternative acidic pathway (chenodeoxycholic acid and its glycine and taurine conjugates) show no significant increase after treatment of SMYAD. In conclusion, the cholesterol lowing effect of SMYAD may be related with the accelerated transformation of cholesterol into bile acids through the classic neutral pathway.

  8. On View of Ritual and Political Concordance of Wang Fu-zhi and Its Possibility%王夫之之礼与政治和合相契何以可能



    王夫之作为明末清初有责任担当的大儒,他一生疲于奔波,政治和合是其毕生追求的理想与目标。王夫之毕生追求着和合政治梦,其基本路径为以礼坊民、以礼治政。王夫之认为礼与政治和合存在着内在的契合点。因为从和合之器上来说,礼乃治国之公器垂之后世,人修明于上而下皆则之。从和合之路来说,礼教正俗,因为礼先于刑则所为易从而能化。从和合之境来说,执政必以礼,礼宜政立而无不宜和。故此,礼与政治和合相契合。%Wang Fu-Zhi,as a great Confucianist with responsibility in the late Ming and early Qing dynasties,was busy run-ning around all his life and political concordance was his lifelong pursuit of ideals and goals.Wang Fu-zhi has pursued lifelong for the dream of political concordance and its basic path is to visit people with ritual and govern the country with ritual.Wang Fu-Zhi thought that there is a meeting point between the ritual and the political concordance.Because from the perspective of concordance,the ritual is the best approach to govern a country and the lower people will follow and imitate the upper people. From the perspective of concord road,the ethical codes may correct vulgar and because the ethical codes is prior to the punish-ment and easy to be accepted.From the perspective of the circumstance of concordance,the governing should have ethical codes,there is ritual there is harmony.Therefore,the ritual agreed with the political concordance.

  9. Cultural Meaning of "Eagle""Dragon"in The Zhi Ge A-Long%探析《支格阿龙》中“鹰”“龙”的文化寓意

    孙子呷呷; 阿育几坡


    毋庸讳言,从生命科学角度讲,因为染色体的原因,“神人”支格阿龙不可能由“鹰或神鹰或神龙鹰”感孕而生;人也不可能由“龙”抚育成长。目前,彝族英雄史诗《支格阿龙》在翻译成汉语时或彝族后代在传承过程中,都把文本中的“dit氐”翻译或解释为“雕或鹰”,这种解读有些偏差。史诗中让濮莫妮依感孕的“鹰”和哺育支格阿龙成长的“龙”分别象征什么?它要向后人表达的是一种怎样的文化寓意?本文从生命科学角度窥探《支格阿龙》,提出“鹰”是男根的象征,“龙”与汉文化相通,是男人的图腾物之观点。以求文献得到更好的保护、传承和解读。%Needless to say, from the viewpoint of life science, because of the chromosome, "god" Zhi Ge A-Long can be impossible gestated by"eagle or condor or dragon eagle";people can not be raised by"dragon". At present, with the Yi heroic epic The Zhi Ge A-Long translated into Chinese or in the transmission process of Yi offspring ,"dit"in the text has been translated or explainted for"eagle or hawk", which understanding isn’t right completely. What do the"eagle"who got PuMonii pregnant and the"dragon"who fostered Zhi Ge A-Long growth symbolize? What cultural meaning does it express to the descendants? From the perspective of life science ,the paper puts forward the"Eagle"is the symbol of male root and"dragon"interlinked Chinese cultures is the totem of man in order to make literature better protection, inheritance and interpretation.

  10. Textual Research on Wu Jingzi' s Acquaintance with the Gentleman Yang Kai in Zhenzhou%吴敬梓交接真州缙绅杨凯略考



    杰出小说家吴敬梓生前与真州朋友、原提督杨凯缔有交谊,堪为文士与官绅交往典型之一例。两人之间的交游,既使吴敬梓获得一定的精神慰藉和生活之需,也丰富了他的人生阅历,对其思想嬗变与诗歌创作都产生了微妙而积极的影响。其交游更为吴敬梓成功创作长篇讽刺小说《儒林外史》,潜心塑造汤奏(镇台)、汤奉(知县)等若干正反面典型人物形象,构拟诸多章回精采故事情节,积聚了丰富且珍贵的素材。%The acquaintance of outstanding novelist Wu Jingzi before his death with his friend Yang Kai, the former senior official, can be taken as a model among contacts between men of letters and gentries. The acquaintance be- tween them not only makes Wu Jingzi obtain certain mental comfort and life need, but also enriches the experience of his life, which performs a subtle and positive effect on his thoughts transmutation and poetry creation. Wu Jingzi' s acquaintance accumulates rich and precious materials for his successful creation of long ironic fiction The Scholars, shaping a number of images of positive and negative character such as Commanding officer Tang and Sheriff Tang with great concentration, and making up many wonderful plots of story with captions for each chapter.

  11. A Study of Food culture in the Wu Region: with Comparison to that in Yangzhou%吴地饮食文化研究——兼与扬州饮食文化之比较



    With its unique geographical location, the Wu region in south China has developed a special food culture in the prolonged history, which embodies the philosophy of harmonious interaction between human and nature. With strong geographical and cultural features, The Wu food is characterized by its diversity and varie- ty on the one hand, and consistency and unity on the other hand. This paper examines in depth the geograph- ical and ecological environment in which the food culture of the Wu Region was cultivated, the flavor and fea- tures of the Wu Region food and the folkways of the food culture in the Wu Region. Rooted in the ideology of harmony and union, the food culture of the Wu Region is both traditional and fresh, reflecting the deep histori- cal and cultural heritage of the Wu Region.%在漫长的历史与独特的地理生态环境中,吴地形成了人与自然和谐发展的饮食文化。她具有丰富而又和谐、多样而又统一的特点,带有浓郁的地域文化色彩。从吴地饮食的风味特色以及饮食民俗中可以看出,在“和合”思想的指导下,吴地饮食文化给人们一种既传统而又清新的感觉,充分体现了吴地深厚的历史文化传统。

  12. Effect of Hash Function on the Performance of Wu-Manber Algorithm%Hash函数对WM算法性能的影响

    张速; 王锐利



  13. 维西香茶菜化学成分的研究%Studies on the chemical constituents of Rabdosia weisiensis C. Y. Wu

    杨东娟; 马瑞君; 王莱; 孙坤; 丁兰; 王瀚


    从甘肃产维西香茶菜(Rabdosia weisiensis C.Y.Wu)茎叶的乙酸乙酯部分分离得到6个已知化合物,用波谱学方法将其结构鉴定为:熊果酸(1);3β-乙酰氧基-12-烯-28-乌苏酸(2);胡麻素(3);欧槲寄生甙乙(4);胡萝卜甙(5);β-谷甾醇(6).

  14. Development of determination of four analytes of Zhi-Shao-San decoction using LC-MS/MS and its application to comparative pharmacokinetics in normal and irritable bowel syndrome rat plasma.

    Chen, Jiayi; Chen, Zhi; Ma, Li; Liang, Qiaowen; Jia, Wei; Pan, Zhenzhen; Zeng, Yuaner; Jiang, Bin


    Zhi-Shao-San (ZSS), a traditional Chinese medicinal prescription, has been clinically used for the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) for centuries. A comparative study was designed and conducted to compare the pharmacokinetic differences between paeoniflorin naringin, hesperidin and neohesperidin after oral administration of ZSS decoction to normal rats and IBS rats induced by acetic acid and restraint stress. Further, an efficient, sensitive and selective liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry for the simultaneous determination of four analytes of ZSS decoction in rat plasma was developed and validated. The validated method was successfully applied to comparison of pharmacokinetic profiles of analytes in rat plasma. The results showed that the absorptions of naringin, hesperidin and neohesperidin in IBS group were all significantly higher than those in normal group and no obvious difference was seen for paeoniflorin between the two groups, which is helpful for improving clinical therapeutic efficacy and further pharmacological studies of ZSS.

  15. A Comparative Study of Female-Themed Literary Creations by Cao Pi and Cao Zhi%曹丕、曹植女性题材创作比较论



    As prominent representatives of Jian'an Literature,and influenced by the circumstances of that era,Cao Pi and Cao Zhi both have produced a series of outstanding literary works themed on females.However,owing to differences in personal experiences,character,and temperament,they have developed diverse artistic styles in their respective poetry creation.The exquisitely subtle mood,the masterly skills of expressing emotions,and the delicate and gentle nature of literati are the main characteristics of Cao Pi's poems.By contrast,the poems written by Cao Zhi feature gorgeous and refined diction,deep personal sentiments,and various remarkable descriptions of feelings,affections and attitudes.Their literatures can not only exhibit the spirit of the times,but also add creative and unique radiance to the literature world.%曹丕与曹植是建安文学的杰出代表,受时代风气的影响,都写出了一系列优秀的女性题材作品。但由于二人的经历、性格、气质有所不同,因此在这类诗歌创作中又形成了不同的艺术风格:曹丕的代言体诗委婉细腻,工于言情,多文士之气。曹植诗则多生情态,辞采华茂,经常寄予个人深沉的情感。他们的作品既有浓郁的时代气息,又放射出独特的个性光辉。

  16. 李宜春在颍事迹考--兼论《嘉靖颍州志》之价值%A Textual Research on the Life of Li Yichun in Yingzhou and the Value ofJiajing Yingzhou Zhi



    Li Yichun concentrated on the livelihood of people, paid attention to education, wroteJiajing Yingzhou Zhi and created many articles when he served in Yingzhou. HisJiajing Yingzhou Zhilooked like an abridged edition of Lv Jingmeng’s. But its complication especiallyChuanyi and other similar parts reflected the matter-of-fact attitude. Compared with Lv Jingmeng’s, Li Yichun’sJiajing Yingzhou Zhi was obviously different in classificatory arrangement and writing styles. Apart from this, Li Yichun consciously corrected the omission and errors of Lv Jingmeng’s. It was an extremely valuable local record of Ming Dynasty,and its value was unique.%李宜春出任颍州知州期间,不仅关注民生,重视学校教育,而且撰有《嘉靖颍州志》,还创作了多篇文章。其《嘉靖颍州志》貌似吕景蒙《嘉靖颍州志》的“节本”,但亦有其繁富之处,尤其是专设《传疑》一类,体现了求实的精神。与吕景蒙《嘉靖颍州志》相比,李宜春《嘉靖颍州志》在类别安排、写作体例上都有明显的不同。不仅如此,李宜春还有意改正了吕景蒙《嘉靖颍州志》的疏漏和错误。李宜春《嘉靖颍州志》是一种非常珍贵的明代方志,具有自己的独特价值。

  17. 李贽的男女平等思想与近代山西的妇女解放%Li Zhi's Thought on Gender Equality and the Modern Women's Liberation Movement in Shanxi



    Li Zhi was one of the earliest thinkers in the late Ming dynasty who advocated gender equality. He thought that women and men were equally important, the insights of women and men had no differenee, women and men should have equal rights to marriage and education. Li zhi's thought on gender equality was spread extensively by many thinkers during the late Ming dynasty and early Republic of China and had great influence on promoting the rise and development of the women's liberation movement. In modern times, more and more women in Shanxi not only put on the fashional clothes, changed their hair styles, enjoyed the freedom of marriage, but also went out of the family, accepted education, took part in the revolutionary and gradually gained liberation.%明朝中后期的李贽是中国最早倡导男女平等的思想家之一。他认为女人和男人同样重要,女人和男人的见识无长短之别,女人和男人在婚恋、受教育等方面都应该有平等的权利,李贽的男女平等思想在晚明至民初被很多思想家广泛传播,产生了很大影响,促进了妇女解放运动的兴起与发展。近代山西有越来越多的妇女着新装、变发型、自由恋爱,并走出家庭,接受教育,参加革命,逐渐获得解放。

  18. Studies on Chinese Painting Theory of Li Chang-zhi and the Modern Transform of Chinese Art Theory%李长之画论研究与中国艺术理论的现代转换



    This paper is the studies on China Painting Theories System and Criticism by LI Chang-zhi . We deem that it expounds the important value in Chinese modern academic history for its achievement on modernization of Chinese traditional painting theories .It established a modern theory system based on the tradition w hich is full of the era spirit and unique personality .It is the part of Chinese modern aes-thetic and tries to arouse the attention on aesthetics of literature and art of Li Chang-zhi ,in order to re-cover his position of academic history ,especially his academic status in the history of history of aesthet-ics of literature and art .%以李长之《中国画论体系及其批评》为研究核心,通过论述其在中国现代学术上的重要价值,即它是中国传统画论进行现代转换的一次重要实践成果,它建立了富有个性的充满时代精神的理论体系,它是中国文艺美学现代建构历程中的重要著作,试图唤起美学界对李长之文艺美学思想的关注,从而对其学术史地位尤其是文艺美学学科史地位的恢复发挥作用。

  19. 陶行知体育观的形成及其时代特征%The Formation and Characteristics of Times of Tao Xing-zhi ’s Outlooks on PE



    陶行知是中国近代伟大的教育家,终生致力于中国教育的改革事业。陶行知的体育观汲取第一次世界大战后欧美自然主义体育思想的精髓,并基于其“生活教育理论”,独创性地提出了“三育并重、健康第一”;体育与卫生相结合;体育与军事相结合;体育与改造社会的实践活动紧密结合的观点与主张。陶行知的体育观既蕴涵了时代文化的主流,也凸显了其独具的思想特质,堪称其教育实践中智慧的结晶,对于当前学校体育的健康发展,仍具有重要的启示意义。%As one of the greatest educationist in modern China, Tao Xing-zhi was dedicated to the reform of educa-tion in China. The outlooks on PE of Tao Xing-zhi took the essence of PE ideology from European and US naturalism af-ter the First World War. Meanwhile, based on his “Theory of Life Education”, he proposed initially the idea of “equal emphasis on moral, intelligence and sports, and health comes first”. He also held that PE should be combined with hy-giene, military and practice of social reform. His outlooks contain both the tendency of then society and his unique thoughts, which are still of great inspiring significance today.

  20. TAO Xing-zhi Sports Value Implication for Vocational School Physical Education Curriculum Idea%陶行知体育观对职校体育课程理念的启示

    孙海艳; 邓雷


    TAO Xing-zhi fitness ideas designed to create mental and physical health, research and learn from his fitness ideas, in the rapid development of physical education reform in our vocational schools today, on China current " work - integrated learning " " in order to post demand - oriented" staff mode to update the school physical education curriculum concepts to play a practical talents vocational education and training play a special role. In this paper, vocational school physical education curriculum should be based "health first", implement the "lifetime sports" to build "health fortress," explained TAO Xing - zhi three aspects of the renewal of a new era in sports view the context of vocational school physical education curriculum ideas inspiration%陶行知健身思想的目的是为了造就身心健全的人,研究和借鉴他的健身思想,在我国学校体育改革迅速发展的今天,对我国目前“工学结合”、“以岗位需求为导向”的职校办学模式下更新体育课程理念、发挥职校教育培养实用型人才方面发挥着特殊的作用。本文从职校体育课程应立足“健康第一”、贯彻“终身体育”、构建“健康堡垒”三个方面阐述了陶行知体育观对更新新时代背景下职校体育课程理念的启示作用。

  1. 消费时代的现实主义乡土文学实践--以贺享雍《村医之家》为例%On the Intention of Realism Native - soil Literature in the Consumerism Time:A Case from The Village Doctors by He Xiang - yong



    从民间立场、地方性叙事和人文忧患意识三个命题来分析四川乡土小说作家贺享雍的小说《村医之家》在消费时代的现实主义努力。%The realism efforts in the consumerism time are reflected in the novel The Village Doctors by He Xiang -yong ,one of Sichuan native -soil novelists .The discussion about the efforts includes the folk stance ,the local color narration and the human crisis sense .

  2. Elucidating pharmacological mechanisms of natural medicines by biclustering analysis of the gene expression profile: a case study on curcumin and Si-Wu-Tang.

    Quan, Yuan; Li, Bin; Sun, You-Min; Zhang, Hong-Yu


    Natural medicines have attracted wide attention in recent years. It is of great significance to clarify the pharmacological mechanisms of natural medicines. In prior studies, we established a method for elucidating pharmacological mechanisms of natural products contained in connectivity map (cMap), in terms of module profiles of gene expression in chemical treatments. In this study, we explore whether this methodology is applicable to dissecting the pharmacological mechanisms of natural medicines beyond the agents contained in cMap. First, the gene expression profiles of curcumin (a typical isolated natural medicine) and Si-Wu-Tang (a classic traditional Chinese medicine formula) treatments were merged with those of cMap-derived 1309 agents, respectively. Then, a biclustering analysis was performed using FABIA method to identify gene modules. The biological functions of gene modules provide preliminary insights into pharmacological mechanisms of both natural medicines. The module profile can be characterized by a binary vector, which allowed us to compare the expression profiles of natural medicines with those of cMap-derived agents. Accordingly, we predicted a series of pharmacological effects for curcumin and Si-Wu-Tang by the indications of cMap-covered drugs. Most predictions were supported by experimental observations, suggesting the potential use of this method in natural medicine dissection.

  3. A Brief Study on Wu Dialect Sounds in Local Chronicles%地方志所见吴语方音考略



    A local chronicle is a sort of literature which records the information within an area or a certain space-time. The dialect document in a local chronicle is one of the important documents for studying ancient Chinese dialect, based on which, the history of modem Chinese dialect can be traced back. The article make a brief study on WU dialect sounds from some key local chronicles in Jiangsu and Zhejiang as of the Song Dynasty by combining other literatures and utilizing contemporary Wu dialect.%地方志是记载一定时空内一个方面或各个方面情况的资料性文献,其中的方言材料是研究古代汉语方言的重要资料之一,据此可以回溯现代汉语方言的历史。本文选取宋代以来几部重要的江浙地方志,简要考察其中的吴语方音现象。考察时,一方面结合其他文献,另一方面利用现代吴方言。

  4. WU Mengchao: A Contemporary Model of Medical Ethical Spirit%吴孟超:医学伦理精神的当代楷模



    吴孟超的医学伦理精神是他卓越医学成就的内在支撑,堪为当代楷模,值得世人学习.它包括独立自强、奋勇争先的科研伦理精神,事业为重、生命为本的医务伦理精神,慧眼识才、业以人兴的人才伦理精神,以及矢志报国、为国争光的医学价值追求.弘扬吴孟超的医学伦理精神,具有重要的时代意义.%WU Mengchao's medical ethical spirit is the inner support of his outstanding medical achievements. It can be a contemporary model and worthy for us to learn from. It involves ethical spirit of independence, self—reliance and courageously striving in medical research, taking career as the foremost and life as the foundation in medical treatment, distinguishing greatness from mediocrity and taking talent as foundation of prosperous career in talent cultivation, and pledging his devotion to serve and win glory for the country in medical value pursuit. It is of great significance in our times to carry forward Wu's medical ethical spirit.

  5. The characteristics of the insidious pathogen doctrine of WU You-xing%吴有性伏邪学说的特点



    The concept of insidious pathogen originated in Nei jing (Yellow Emperors Inner Clas-sic). WU You-xing put forward the concept of an epidemic noxious factor on the basis of predecessors' work and gave a new connotation to insidious pathogen in the late Ming dynasty. WU You-xing held that the cold pathogen was invisible while the epidemic noxious factor was tangible and concrete; the hidden location of the pathogen is Mo yuan, and the pathogen concealed in Mo ynan is the elementary process of epidemic dis-ease, not hidden and not attacking. It can be treated by Da ynan yin.%"伏邪"概念源自,明末吴有性在前人基础上提出"戾气"的概念,赋予"伏邪"新的内涵.吴有性认为寒邪无形,而戾气有形,具有物质性;邪气所伏病位为"膜原",且邪伏膜原为温疫初起阶段,并非"伏而不发",可以达原饮治疗.

  6. Wu-Chia-Pi Solution Attenuates Carbon Tetrachloride-Induced Hepatic Injury through the Antioxidative Abilities of Its Components Acteoside and Quercetin

    Ching-Chiung Wang


    Full Text Available Wu-Chia-Pi medicated wine, composed nine Chinese medicines soaked in 35% alcohol, is widely used in Asia for its health-promoting functions. However, long-term consumption of alcohol could result in liver dysfunction. In this study, Wu-Chia-Pi solution (WCPS and extract (WCPE were prepared by modification of the principals given by the Committee on Chinese Medicine and Pharmacy in Taiwan. The aim of this study was to explore the protective effect of WCPS against carbon tetrachloride (CCl4-induced liver injury and to clarify its active component(s. Antioxidative effects of the test samples were evaluated via MDA inhibition, catalase activity and DPPH-scavenging assays. HPLC was used to analysis the active components. Results showed that WCPS (1 and 5 mL/kg significantly prevented CCl4-induced liver injury without chronic liver toxicity. Referring to the antioxidative activities, WCPE displayed significant MDA inhibitory and DPPH-scavenging activities with IC50 values of 0.91 ± 0.03 and 0.60 ± 0.04 mg/mL, respectively. Catalase activity was also enhanced by treatment of WCPE, acteoside and quercetin. Therefore, we suggest that acteoside and quercetin are the major contributors to the antioxidative and hepatoprotective activities of WCPS, and a possible mechanism could be mediated through reduction of oxidative stress.

  7. 塵世幾人識我?--記政治學家、詩人吴其玉先生%Notes on Politics Researcher and Poet Wu Qiyu



    Prof. Wu Qiyu ( 1904—1995 ) graduated from the Department of Politics of Yenching University in 1927, and got a doctor’ s degree from Princeton University, USA in 1933. Afte returning to China, he acted as professor, Dean of the Department of Politics and Dean of the College of Law, Yenching University. From 1945, he was successively appointed as professor of Central and Jinling universities, and then as Dean of Studies of Zhijiang University. He won great prestige in the field of politics. From 1957 , he suffered unjust treatment for political season until his rehabilitation in the 1970s. Upon returning to Beijing, he acted as concurrent professor at the Depart-ment of Law, Peking University and Special Senior Fellow at the Institute of Nationali-ty Studies, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. At that time he was over seventy. He often wrote old-style poems in memory of his teachers and friends, as well as for taking part in poetical exchanges among scholars. In the present paper, the author an-alyzes a lot of Wu Qiyu’ s poems, discovers from them anecdotes in his association with other men of letters, and thus provides valuable information on minds and feel-ings of the then Yenching literati.

  8. Overexpression of the NADP+-specific isocitrate dehydrogenase gene (icdA) in citric acid-producing Aspergillus niger WU-2223L.

    Kobayashi, Keiichi; Hattori, Takasumi; Hayashi, Rie; Kirimura, Kohtaro


    In the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle, NADP(+)-specific isocitrate dehydrogenase (NADP(+)-ICDH) catalyzes oxidative decarboxylation of isocitric acid to form α-ketoglutaric acid with NADP(+) as a cofactor. We constructed an NADP(+)-ICDH gene (icdA)-overexpressing strain (OPI-1) using Aspergillus niger WU-2223L as a host and examined the effects of increase in NADP(+)-ICDH activity on citric acid production. Under citric acid-producing conditions with glucose as the carbon source, the amounts of citric acid produced and glucose consumed by OPI-1 for the 12-d cultivation period decreased by 18.7 and 10.5%, respectively, compared with those by WU-2223L. These results indicate that the amount of citric acid produced by A. niger can be altered with the NADP(+)-ICDH activity. Therefore, NADP(+)-ICDH is an important regulator of citric acid production in the TCA cycle of A. niger. Thus, we propose that the icdA gene is a potentially valuable tool for modulating citric acid production by metabolic engineering.

  9. 论吴冠中油画风景创作观%On the Concept of Creation in Wu Guanzhong's Landscape Painting

    李超峰; 刘勇


    Oil painting and traditional Chinese landscape painting are two different painting styles.They are based on completely different culture backgrounds.There are also differences in aesthetic orientation.In the composition of oil painting scenery,Wu guan-zhong took not only the excellence in western paint-color and the western modern notion,but also the spirit of Chinese landscape.He mixes the advantages of both Chinese and western into a body perfectly.In the "renovation"to paint in Wu-style,he combines the two organically the creation of"substituting stealthily,removing mountains and fill seas".Wu brings the spirits of Chinese landscape into the creation of the oil painting scenery,which includes the method of observation and the view of creation—observing and travelling extensively,ways of building space by virtual and actual such as extending and closing,as well as the personification of the landscape etc.,and combines it with the very essence of the western paints—color and modern concepts to form his unique art vocabulary.Mr.Wu is neither constrained by master-apprentice nor surrenders in fashion,he pursues the expression of emotion by choosing all means.All of these demonstrate his unique artistic style,express his penetrating to the traditional and the modern,the oriental and western and also accomplishes oil painting in Wu-style which is different from the other artistic schools.%西方风景画和传统中国山水画,是不同的两种绘画样式,构建于完全不同的文化背景下,审美取向上也有不同。在油画风景创作中,吴冠中他既取西方油彩之优———色彩,及西方的现代观念,也取中国山水之精神,博取中西之长,融成一家之言。在吴氏对于油彩的"翻新"中,他以"移花接木,移山填海"的创作方式将二者有机的结合起来。他将中国山水中的观察方式和创作观,饱游沃看,面面观;中国山水的拉大法,拉近法等以虚实来营造空间;以及

  10. Application of the mechanical cutting technology for coiled tubing in Yong 25-11 well%连续油管机械切割技术在永25-11井的应用

    刘海明; 叶红; 田明; 吴国洲; 肖宝军


    The methods,such as back-off on neutral point and explosive cutting,are commonly used to deal withФ73 mm stuck tubing inФ139.7 mm casing.The back-off technique has disadvantages of low efficiency,high labor intensity, and high workover cost.The explosive cutting,being easily affected by downhole deviation,and the dirt and scale adhere to tubing inwall,and the cutter tool can not run into the predetermined position,the effective cutting can not be implemented. To solve the problems,it was carried out the improvement of cutting technology of general mechanical internal cutter.By applying coiled tubing to transmit general machinery cutter tools,using hydraulic motor as power tools,the stuck tubing was successfully cut in Yong25-11 well,which can provide a new way for processing the stuck tubing.%处理139.7 mm套管内遇卡Ф73 mm油管的常用方法有中和点倒扣法和爆炸切割法,倒扣解卡方式效率低、劳动强度大、修井费用高;而爆炸切割法易受到井斜及油管内壁脏物、油污影响,切割弹往往下不到预定位置,无法实现有效切割。为解决现有工艺问题,对普通机械内割刀切割技术进行研究,改进传统机械内割刀切割技术,应用连续油管传输普通机械内割刀工具,采用液压马达作为动力工具,现场应用,成功切割永25-11井遇卡油管,为处理遇卡油管积累经验,提供新思路。

  11. Studies on the Pollination, Fertilization and Embryo Development of Chinese Date‘Wu-He-Zao'(Ziziphus jujuba)%枣授粉受精及胚胎发育研究

    张学英; 彭士琪; 郭振怀


    The processes about pollination, fertilization and embryo development of Chinese Date ‘Wu-he-zao' (ziziphus jujuba) were observed by means of lightmicrocope combining histochemical dyeing and fluorescent technique. The results were summarized as follows:The pollen grains germinated on the stigma at the 4th hour after pollination. On the 5th day after pollination,the primary endosperm nucleus formed, and the zygote formed on the 6th day. The double fertilization of Wu-he-zao was the type premitotic syngamy. The first division of the zygote took place after a dormancy for about 6 - 7 days. The proembryonal development of Wu-he-zao belonged to the Solanad type. The development of the endosperm belonged to the nuclear type.

  12. 林氏降脂方对高脂血症大鼠血脂和血液流变学的影响%Effects of LinShiJiangZhi Prescription on Blood Lipid and Hemorheology of the Rats with Hyperlipoidemia

    苏奋翔; 张艳霞; 安方玉; 李明淑; 陈绍仪


    目的:观察林氏降脂方对高脂血症大鼠血脂及血液流变学指标的影响。方法:取60只雄性SD大鼠,随机分为正常对照组,模型组,脂脉康胶囊组,林氏降脂方高(1.2962 g/mL)、中(0.6481 g/mL)、低剂量组(0.3241 g/mL),每组10只。正常对照组普通饲料喂养,其余各组高脂乳剂联合高脂饲料喂养建立高脂血症模型并按实验方案给药,6周后,处死各组大鼠,测定血清血脂水平及血液流变学指标。结果:与模型组相比较,脂脉康胶囊组及林氏降脂方高剂量组胆固醇(TC),甘油三酯(TG),低密度脂蛋白(LDL)均明显降低(P<0.05),高密度脂蛋白(HDL-C)明显升高(P<0.05),与模型组相比较,脂脉康胶囊组及林氏降脂方高、中、低剂量组高切、中切、低切全血黏度均明显降低(P<0.05)。结论:林氏降脂方可改善高脂血症大鼠血脂及血液流变学状态。%Objective:To observe the influence of LinShiJiangZhi prescription on blood lipid and hemorheolo-gy of the rats with hyperlipoidemia. Methods: Sixty rats were randomized into normal control group, the model group, ZhiMaiKang capsules group, high (1.296 2 g/mL), moderate (0.648 1 g/mL) and low (0.324 1 g/mL) doses groups of LinShiJiangZhi prescription randomly, ten rats each group. The rats in normal control group were fed with ordinary fodder, other groups were fed with high fat emulsion combined with high fat fodder to establish the model with hyperlipoidemia, they were medicated according to experimental plan and sacrificed in six weeks to detect the levels of blood lipid and the indexes of hemorheology. Results:Compared with the model group, TC, TG and LDL of ZhiMaiKang capsules group and high doses group of LinShiJiangZhi prescription decreased obviously (P<0.05), HDL-C raised obviously (P<0.05). Compared with the model group, high shear, moderate shear and low shear whole blood viscosity of ZhiMaiKang capsules group, high

  13. Ssang Yong 2014 Remote Sensing Experiment


    asset to provide updated littoral information for amphibious planning. WV2 provides eight bands across the reflective solar wavelength region of 400...Spectral configuration of WorldView-2. Band Spectral Range Coastal: 400 – 450 nm Blue: 450 – 510 nm Green: 510 – 580 nm Yellow: 585 – 625 nm Red: 630...Laboratory, pages 223-228, u2 /a525045.pdf. [2] Bachmann, C. M., C. R. Nichols, M. Montes, R. Li, P. Woodward, R. A

  14. Review on Wu Zetian's Anecdotes: from historical reality to film and television reality%《武则天秘史》影评:从历史真实到影视真实



    2011年年底电视剧《武则天秘史》走红之后,武则天及唐代宫廷历史为人们所高度关注。作为一种大众娱乐现象,这非常值得研究。唐代的大气磅礴在武则天时期表现得特别明显。对武则天的女性认识与形象进行分析,发现人们对武则天的女性认识有一个明显的演变过程,这是历史学界和影视学界"性别书写"的例证。女性意识在初唐的初步松动,到武则天称帝时期妇女开放观念达到高潮,武则天玩弄各种权术达到中国封建社会女权时代的巅峰。通过三部影视作品三个不同的武则天和太子形象分析,从历史真实到影视真实,作为武则天的"她"把女人的妩媚与刚强娇柔浑然一体地结合在一起,造就帝王风范和媚女风流。%Since the TV series of Wu Zetian's Anecdotes had its moments at the end of 2011, Wu Zetian and the royal history of the Tang dynasty have been paid particular attention. As a phenomenon of mass entertainment, it is worthy of studying. The power and prosperity of the Tang dynasty was especially obvious during Wu Zetian' s rule. Through analyzing Wu' s image and character, we find a clear evolution process for people to understand her, which is the example of "gender writing', in the circle of history and film and television. Female consciousness was awoken in the early Tang. When Wu Zetian proclaimed herself empress, it reached its climax. The power tactics which was practiced by Wu Zetian reached to the peak of feminist era of China feudal society. Through analyzing three works of film and television, and three different images of Wu Zetian and prince from the historical truth to film and television reality, we comes to the conclusion that Wu Zetian which was regarded as the women's charm and strength, combined consistently to bring up the imperial style and seductive female.

  15. 论明清小说中的女性悍妒文化--以《聊斋志异》中的“悍妒妇”形象为例%The Stduy on Ming and Qing Dynasty fictions about Shrew Cultural---Aggressive and Jealous Women Image Analysis in Liao Zhai Zhi Yi



    Liao Zhai Zhi Yi is an outstanding representative of the ancient super natural classical novels of our country .Pu Song -ling used both imagine and realistic approaches to help us to understand “the Shrew”a type of women in Liao Zhai Zhi Yi .This paper analyzed the aggressive and jealous women images in the novel of Liao Zhai Zhi Yi .with deeply exploring the cultural roots of “the Shrew” type women ap‐peared in the Ming and Qing society .The paper gave the prevalent reasons of “Jealous Wind” that repre‐sented in the Ming and Qing literati for women’s“jealous therapy”approach ,and explains the cultural sig‐nificance of envy .%《聊斋志异》是我国古代以志怪传奇为特征的文言小说的杰出代表。通过对悍妒文化做源流梳理,例举历史上有名的悍妒典故,认为明清小说家提出的疗妒法主要有:以悍制悍、佛法疗妒、道德说教等。

  16. On Identity of the Grave Master in Epigraph of SIMA Sheng of Eastern Wei Dynasty:A Probe into the Grandfather of SIMA Chu-zhi%《东魏司马昇墓志》墓主人身份考--兼考司马楚之的祖父

    罗尔波; 周香均


    Epigraph of SIMA Sheng of Eastern Wei has certain historical value.However,the identity of the grave master is yet to be verified.According to the epigraph and the relevant records in Book of J in ,Book of Wei and A History of Northern Dynasty ,we can identify SIMA Sheng as the grave master whose grandfather was SIMA Chu-zhi.His father was SI-MA Bao-ying who was the descendent of Pengcheng King.Through the verification of SIMA Chu-zhi as his grandfather,the author of this paper has finally managed to work out the family extraction from SIMA Kui to SIMA Chu-zhi and SIMA Sheng.%《东魏司马昇墓志》具有一定的史料价值,但其墓主人身份尚待考证。根据墓志铭文和《晋书》《魏书》《北史》的相关记载考证,明确了墓主人司马昇的身份,他的祖父为司马楚之,父亲为司马宝胤,是晋彭城王之后。并通过考证司马楚之祖父的身份,最终理清了从司马馗到司马楚之、司马昇的世系。

  17. The Romantic Elements of the Legal Thoughts of John Ching-Hsiung Wu%论吴经熊法律思想的浪漫因素



    John Ching Hsiung Wu was graduated in law department at Soochow University,and served as the first Dean of the law school after the reform of law department. John C. H. Wu possessed profound legal knowledge,had a thorough knowledge of both western and traditional Chinese Learning,fused the philosophy of Confucian,Taoist and Buddhist,understood the artistic conception of poetry of the Tang Dynasty from the spirit of Chinese culture,identified the moving factor and aesthetic feeling of the art of law,and believed that dealing with conflicts of interest depends on a thinking mind and a feeling heart,intuition and patience of lawyers. John C. H. Wu deemed that the essence of law can be comprehended from the perspective of macrography,conception and perception. At the same time,the reason,experience should be cooperated in jurisprudential study,for practice could justify theory. Romantic elements is motive power of constant innovation,and methodological study can be inspired by human vitality and sensibility,uncontrolled and abundant life,which is valued by romanticism. After a turning point,John C. H. Wu eventually converted to religion,romantic elements is a motivation.%吴经熊毕业于东吴大学法科,系法科改制后首任东吴法学院院长。他法学根底深厚,学贯中西,融合儒、道、禅哲学,以中华文化的玄妙精髓参悟唐诗的意境,并进而体会法律的艺术有其动人因素及美感经验,坚信均衡利益之冲突有赖法律人的智思心觉和直觉与耐心。他认为法之本质需通观整体,概观与个观兼备,法学研究应融贯理性与经验,实践可印证学理。浪漫因素是不断突破与创新的动力,从浪漫主义注重人的生命力与感受力,以及自由与丰富生活,获得方法论研究态度之启发。终其一生,吴经熊的法律思想几经转折,最后依归宗教,其动因与过程,浪漫因素有以致之。视吴氏为浪漫的人本法学家,不亦可乎!

  18. On Currency Circulation and Inflation of Wei Shu Wu Period%三国时期的货币流通与通货膨胀∗



    The society had been disordered in late Han Dynasty, at that time, a person who was named Dong Zhuo destroyed mo⁃netary system, forged poor small coin, which created serious inflation, and influenced currency circulation damagingly. Wei, Shu, Wu Dynasties took different approaches to solve this serious economic crisis:Wei Dynasty had not minted and reformed tax policy, which changed the tax method from money to real objects;while Wu and Shu Dynasties had forged big coins to deal with it. The monetary sys⁃tem had been chaotic, inflation had continued to grow because of the wrong currency policy and severe economic damages, which un⁃locked the prologue of natural economy in Medieval Times, and promoted the flourishing of real objects as currency.%汉末丧乱,董卓破坏钱法,铸造劣质小钱,引起了严重的通货膨胀,三国时期的货币流通秩序也因此受到严重影响。魏、蜀、吴政权面对这次经济危机采取了不同的应对方法,北方的曹魏政权主要采取不铸钱与赋税改收实物的办法;南方的吴、蜀政权则以铸造大钱的手段予以应对。由于经济破坏严重,货币政策不合时宜,导致了整个三国时期货币制度混乱,通货膨胀持续增长,为此后实物货币兴盛、“中古自然经济”的出现揭开了序幕。

  19. 高产D-塔格糖植物乳杆菌WU14的筛选与鉴定


    D-tagatose is a kind of natural sweetener with low-calorie.L-arabinose isomerase is the key enzyme for D-galactose isomerization to D-tagatose by biological method.In this study lactic acid bacteria strains were isolated from pickled vegetables and pickled cabbage.A lactic acid bacteria strain with high yield of D-tagatose was screened by the thin layer chromatography and modified cysteine carbazole method from the lactic acid bacteria strains and its L-arabinose isomerase activity was 13.95 U/mL after analysed.This strain was named Lactobacillus plantarum WU14 based on the se-quence analysis of 16S rDNA and biochemical characteristics.The result of this study could lay the foundation for the bio-conversion D-tagatose industrial production.%D-塔格糖是一种天然低热量甜味剂。 L-阿拉伯糖异构酶(L-AI)是生物法异构化D-半乳糖为D-塔格糖的关键酶。本研究从腌菜和泡菜中分离出一批乳酸菌,经薄层色谱法初筛和改良半胱氨酸咔唑法复筛,获得一株高产D-塔格糖的乳酸菌,其发酵粗酶液中L-阿拉伯糖异构酶酶活达13.95 U/mL,经16S rDNA序列比对及生化特征分析,该菌被鉴定并命名为Lactobacillus plantarum WU14。研究结果可为生物转化D-塔格糖达到工业化生产奠定基础。

  20. “立宪运动”与吴趼人的小说创作%“Constitutional Movement” and Wu Jianren’ s Novel-writing



    “立宪运动”是晚清兴起的社会改革运动,吴趼人的多部小说对其有充分描写。研读这些小说,能够感受到作者对立宪运动的质疑、否定和超越,体悟到晚清知识分子对救国道路的思索与选择。无论从特定视角描绘晚清社会思潮的变化与社会变革的画面,还是完整描述立宪运动带给国人的复杂感受、勾勒知识分子感悟立宪的心路历程等方面,吴趼人的小说创作均具有独特价值。%The late Qing Dynasty witnessed “Constitutional movement”, the social reform movement, which was fully described in Wu Jianren’ s novels. Reading these novels, the question, negation and transcendence to the movement could be felt, as well as the intellectuals’ speculation and selection at that time for the road to save the nation could be realized. On the description to changes of social thoughts and the society from the particular view in late Qing Dynasty, whether on a complete description of the people’ s complex feelings to the movement, or intellectuals’ soul journey on it, Wu Jianren’ s novels have unique value.

  1. Walking and Writing at the Boundaries of Urban and Rural Area:On Yan Zhi's Poetry%在城乡的边界处游走与书写--阎志诗歌论



    阎志的诗歌写作,早期资源在于对童年记忆的追溯以及对乡村生活的演绎,但这种怀旧美学似乎建立在无法融入城市的现实障碍上。当诗人遭遇了城市生活的残酷后,乡村书写与童年记忆更是加剧了其笔下诗意的张力。与此同时,诗人又不得不直面现实的城市生活,他试图从细节中寻找真相,也在不断地领受与改变中调整自己的写作方向。阎志诗歌中有着浓郁的悲剧色彩,但其所独具的乡愁意识既复杂又丰富,让他在强烈的使命感和广博的延伸性中达至更高远的精神境界。%Childhood memories of retrospective ,as well as the interpretation of rural life consist of the early resources in Yan Zhi's poetry w riting .But this nostalgic aesthetics seems to be based on barriers that can't be integrated into the city life .The tension of poetic flavour is exacerbated by rural writing and child-hood memories when the poet suffers a brutal urban life .At the same time ,the poet has to face the reality of urban life directly .He tries to find out the truth from the details ,and adjust his writing direction in constantly receive and changing .Yan Zhi's poetry has a rich color of tragic ,w hereas it contains sense of both complex and plentiful in his unique nostalgia awareness ,which let him achieve a lofty spiritual realm in a strong sense of mission and a broad range of extensibility .

  2. 论吴颖20世纪50年代中期的文学研究%On Wu Ying’s Literary Study in the Mid 1950s



    吴颖是潮汕本土第一位面向全国从事文学批评与研究,与国内高层次学者对话的潮汕学人。该文首先简略介绍吴颖的生平,接着从文艺思想研究、鲁迅《故事新编》体裁性质争鸣、古典文学研究的李煜词评价争鸣中吴颖的主要学术观点及当时争鸣的情况作系统的梳理评述;以此综论20世纪50年代中期吴颖文学研究的成就和影响。%Wu Ying was the first Chaoshan native scholar engaged in literary criticism, having high-lev-el dialogues with other domestic scholars.This paper briefly describes the life of Wu Ying first, and reviews Wu Ying’s main academic points of view on Lu Xun literary thought, on Lu Xun’s“New Stories”genre nature contend and on the study of classical literature of Li Yu’s CI evaluation. Then, comprehensive discussions are given on the achievements and impact of Wu Ying’s literary studies in the mid 1950s.

  3. Food-Grade Induced Expression and Enzymatic Properties of Nitrite Reductase from Lactobacillus plantarum WU14 Under Nitrite Stress%亚硝酸盐胁迫下植物乳杆菌 WU14亚硝酸盐还原酶的食品级高效诱导表达及其酶学性质研究

    应碧; 昌晓宇; 刘志文; 周通; 陈瑶; 钟平安; 徐波


    [Objective]The study aimed to explore the mechanism of nitrite reductase from Lactobacillus plantarum WU14 under nitrite stress so that lay a foundation for pure culture technology of lactic acid bacteria in fermented food. [Method] Growth density, pH and nitrite degradation quantity of L. plantarum WU14 were determined when the liquid medium contained sodium nitrite ranged from 0.02% to 0.16% under the condition of 37℃. The recombination strain Lactococcus lactic NZ9000/pRNA48-NirS was constructed followed the putative nitrite reductase gene from L. plantarum WU14 was amplified by PCR and then cloned into the food-grade cytoplasmic inducible expression vector pRNA48 of L. lactic NZ9000. After induced with 30 ng·mL-1 nisin, the expressed target protein and the enzyme activity of nitrite reductase of the recombinant strains were analyzed by SDS-PAGE and Naphthyl ethylenediamine dihydrochloride spectrophotometric method. Using the bioinformatics software, the high level protein structure, membrane structure and hydrophobicity of nitrite reductase gene were predicted and analyzed. [Result]L. plantarum WU14 could routinely grow in MRS medium containing less than 0.12% nitrite, along with degradation of nitrite. After the strain L. plantarum WU14 was cultured for 24 hours in the liquid medium containing 0.10% sodium nitrite, the nitrite reductase activity of L. plantarum WU14 was 2 347.5 U·mL-1, and the degradation quantity was 56.34 μg·mL-1 according to the analysis of its nitrite degradation ability. the NirS gene could express in the recombinant strain. Nitrite reductase gene encodes a kind of hydrophilic protein containing alpha helix and random coil, no signal peptide and transmembrane structure. The recombination strain could routinely grow in GM17 medium containing less than 0.10% nitrite, meanwhile, its enzyme activity reached 925.41 U·mL-1 and the degradation quantity reached 22.21 mg·mL-1 after 24 h fermentation in the 0.04% nitrite concentration

  4. Illustration on Academic Characteristics and Annotation Instances of ZhiYuanYiCaoCunAn%《芷园臆草存案》学术特色及考释举例

    赵仁龙; 任杰; 焦振廉


    This paper is to introduce lifetime of LU Fu, a physician in the Ming Dynasty, and his book of Zhi Yuan Yi Cao Cun An. This book contains various subjects including exogenous disease, endogenous disease, external diseases and miscel aneous disease, though with limited cases. The academic characteristic are emphasized on three aspects:treating root of disease, pulse taking, case analysis. In this paper, some instances are given through textual researches and explanatory notes, for its obscure, refined words.%本文对明代医家卢复的生平及其医案著作《芷园臆草存案》进行论述,认为其医案虽有限,所涉则广,凡外感、内伤、外科及杂症无不及之,而所体现的学术特色大致有重视治本、重视脉诊、重视议病三个方面。《芷园臆草存案》文辞雅奥,多有不便于今人理解者,文中举数例予以考释。

  5. Establishment of Genetic Transformation System of Euonymus japonicus 'Cu Zhi' Mediated by Agrobacterium tumefaciens%根癌农杆菌介导北海道黄杨遗传转化体系的建立

    尚爱芹; 田传卫; 赵梁军; 田颖川


    在建立北海道黄杨(Euonymus japonicus 'Cu Zhi')再生体系的基础上,建立其遗传转化体系,以获得转雪花莲外源凝集素(Galanthus nivalis agglutinin,GNA)基因植株.采用根癌农杆菌(Agrrobacterium tumefaciens, LBA4404菌株)介导法,研究影响北海道黄杨遗传转化的若干因素.结果表明,预培养与否、菌液浓度、侵染时间、共培养时间等对转化频率都有一定的影响.在遗传转化过程中,不经预培养,根癌农杆菌浓度OD600=0.6,侵染下胚轴40 min,再共培养3 d,有利于获得最高遗传转化效率.抗性植株经PCR和DNA-Southern blot检测表明,目的基因已整合到北海道黄杨基因组中.

  6. 针灸医家曾天治及其《科学针灸治疗学》%Acupuncturist ZENG Tian-zhi and his Scientific Acupuncture Therapeutics

    曲姗姗; 黄泳


    Mr. ZENG Tian-zhi, one of the first generation students of CHENG Dan-an in Chengjiang School of acupuncture and Moxibustion, integrated traditional Chinese medicine and western medicine even if just began to study medicine from his mid-life. He has practiced medicine in Guangdong, Guangxi and Hong Kong. He founded the Medical School of Science Acupuncture and Moxibustion in Hong Kong to teach students, impart professional knowledge, write and publish monographs, and carried forward acupuncture with all his life. The medical learning way, medical ethics, medical achievement and experience of Mr. ZENG, and the Scientific Acupuncture Therapeutics will bring a light to the inheritance and development of Chengjiang School and can be reference for the modern medical physicians.%澄江学派承淡安先生高徒曾天治先生,中年习医,汇通中西医学,悬壶于两粤、香港,后在香港创办“科学针灸医学院”,收徒授业,著书立说,尽毕生之力于针灸事业的发扬光大.曾先生习医之路、医德医风及《科学针灸治疗学》一书,对澄江学派的传承与发展有所裨益,对现代习医者有所帮助.

  7. Emotion-based Fusion of Chinese and Western Culture---A Study on Li Chang-zhi's Biographical Criticism%情感基础上的中西融合--李长之传记批评法研究



    在中国现代文学批评中,李长之的传记批评法独具特色,其中既有远承古典传统的象喻式批评法,又有西方理论影响下的文本细读、心理分析和社会历史批评法。在由作品分析而深入到作者及其时代考察的过程中,李长之始终强调情感体验的重要性,这也是其研究方法能够成功融合中西的关键所在。%Li Chang-zhi's biographical criticism has its unique characteristics in Chinese modern literary criticism .In addition to imagery criticism inherited from Chinese classic tradition , we can also find text perusal , psychological analysis and socio-histori-cal criticism, which are influenced by western theory , in his critical practice .From works analysis to authors and historical back-ground investigation , he always emphasizes the importance of emotional experience , which is the key to the successful fusion of Chinese and western culture .

  8. Chemical profiling and quantification of Gua-Lou-Gui-Zhi decoction by high performance liquid chromatography/quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometry and ultra-performance liquid chromatography/triple quadrupole mass spectrometry.

    Xu, Wen; Huang, Mingqing; Li, Huang; Chen, Xianwen; Zhang, Yuqin; Liu, Jie; Xu, Wei; Chu, Kedan; Chen, Lidian


    Gua-Lou-Gui-Zhi decoction (GLGZD) is a classical formula of traditional Chinese medicine, which has been commonly used to treat dysfunction after stroke, epilepsy and spinal cord injury. In this study, a systematic method was established for chemical profiling and quantification analysis of the major constituents in GLGZD. For qualitative analysis, a method of high performance liquid chromatography/quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (Q-TOF MS) was developed. 106 compounds, including monoterpene glycosides, galloyl glucoses, phenolic acids, flavonoids, gingerols and triterpene saponins were identified or tentatively presumed by comparison with reference standards or literature data. According to the qualitative results, a new quantitative analysis method of ultra-performance liquid chromatography/triple quadrupole mass spectrometry (QqQ-MS) was established. 24 representative compounds were simultaneously detected in 10 batches of GLGZD samples in 7.5 min. The calibration curves for all analytes showed good linearity (r>0.9959) within the test ranges. The LODs and the LOQs were less than 30.6 and 70.9 ng/mL, respectively. The RSDs of intra- and inter-day precision, repeatability and stability were below 3.64%, 4.85%, 4.84% and 3.87%, respectively. The overall recoveries ranged from 94.94% to 103.66%, with the RSDs within 5.12%. This study established a high sensitive and efficient method for the integrating quality control, including identification and quantification of Chinese medicinal preparation.

  9. 李志道教授胆经侧头四透为主的临床应用%The Clinical Application of Main Gallbladder Meridian in Both Sides of Head by Professor LI Zhi-dao

    朱仙芬; 何佳; 李志道; 李平


    This essay takes cases to introduce professor LI Zhi - dao's clinical experience and curative effects of an acupuncture treatment. This treatment focuses on needling gallbladder meridian in both sides of a head,combining with other relevant acupoints to treat many kinds of diseases ( depression, migraine, vertigo, tinnitus deafness, insomnia, etc) This method not only reflects the effects like relieving the depressed liver,clearing head and improving eyesights, dredging meridian, but also indicates the characteristics of TCM choosing the same treatment towards several different illnesses .%以案例的方式来介绍李志道教授以胆经侧头四透为主,结合其它相关选穴治疗多种疾病(抑郁症、偏头痛、眩晕、耳鸣耳聋、失眠等)的经验及临床疗效,体现出胆经侧头四透"疏肝解郁、清头明目、疏通经络"的作用,同时也体现出中医异病同治的治疗特色.

  10. The Discourse Cohesion Features of Modern Poem From "Sonnet Collection" of Feng Zhi%从冯至“十四行诗”的篇章衔接看诗歌篇章的特色



    There was very little study for discourse cohesion of modern poems, and almost none for the comp,-u-ative study between discourse cohesion of poem and prose and other literature styles. It is not appropriate for the name of poem-country. In order to disclose discourse cohesion features and regular patterns of modern poem, "Sonnet Collec- tion" of Feng Zhi, a famous modern poet, has been analyzed, in the form of granmmtical, lexical, rhetorical and punctuation marks.%前人对现代诗歌的篇章衔接研究很少,涉及诗歌篇章衔接与散文等其他文体比较研究的则几乎没有,认为这与素有“诗国”之称的我国很不相称。因此,选取了现代著名诗人冯至的《十四行集》,从语法形式、词汇、修辞和标点符号四个方面来深入分析冯至诗歌的篇章结构衔接方式,以便更好地理解与探求现代诗歌的篇章衔接特色,并寻求其规律。

  11. On activity space of monks in the Song Dynasty from the angel of Yi Jian Zhi%从《夷坚志》看宋代僧人活动空间



    Yi Jian Zhi written by Hong Mai in the Southern Song Dynasty described the social behaviors from the late Northern Song Dynasty to the early Southern Song Dynasty, among which there were a lot about monks. In the book, the activity space of monks was wide, their social networking was active, and their social activities were various. People of that age held different opinions on it. This paper studies the relevant records about this book in order to help people have a better understanding of the society of the Northern and Southern Song Dynasties, especially the whole image of the monk group of that period.%南宋洪迈所作《夷坚志》记述了北宋末年至南宋初年的社会百态,其中关于僧人的记述尤为丰富,书中描述的僧人活动空间非常广泛,社交比较活跃,从事活动丰富多样,对此时人亦有不同议论。通过对该书相关记述的梳理,以更好地了解两宋时期的社会状态尤其是该时期僧人群体的形象。

  12. Modification of Sako-Wu-Prausnitz equation of state for fluid phase equilibria in polyethylene-ethylene systems at high pressures

    F. Gharagheizi


    Full Text Available In order to model phase equilibria at all pressures, it is necessary to have an equation of state. We have chosen the Sako-Wu-Prausnitz cubic equation of state, which had shown some promising results. However, in order to satisfy our demands, we had to modify it slightly and fit new pure component parameters. New pure component parameters have been determined for ethylene and the n-alkane series, using vapor pressure data, saturated liquid volume and one-phase PVT-data. For higher n-alkanes, where vapor pressure data are poor or not available, determination of the pure component parameters was made in part by extrapolation and in part by fitting to one-phase PVT-data. Using one-fluid van der Waals mixing rules, with one adjustable interaction parameter, good correlation of binary hydrocarbon system was obtained, except for the critical region. The extension of the equation of state to polyethylene systems is covered in this work. Using the determined parameters, flash and cloud point calculations were performed, and treating the polymer as polydisperse. The results fit data well.

  13. Identification of Multiple Ingredients for a Traditional Chinese Medicine Preparation (Bu-yang-huan-wu-tang by Liquid Chromatography Coupled with Tandem Mass Spectrometry

    Tung-Hu Tsai


    Full Text Available Bu-yang-huan-wu-tang (BYHWT is a popular Traditional Chinese Medicine formula consisting of seven herbal medicines (Astragalus membranaceus, Angelica sinensis, Paeonia lactiflora, Ligusticum chuanxiong, Carthamus tinctorius, Amygdalus persica and Pheretima aspergillum, that has been used in China for centuries to overcome stroke-induced disability. To ensure the consistency of quality, a reliable analytical method is required, therefore, we developed a liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS method for quantitative analysis of the major constituents in BYHWT. The herbal ingredients consisting of the cycloartane-type triterpene glycosides of astragaloside I, astragaloside II and astragaloside IV; isoflavones of formononetin, ononin calycosin, calycosin-7-O-β-d-glucoside; ligustilide and paeoniflorin were separated on a C18 column with gradient elution of methanol/10 mM ammonium acetate buffer–formic acid (100:0.1, v/v. This study was performed by a mass spectrometer using electrospray ionization (ESI with positive ionization ions monitored in the multiple reaction-monitoring (MRM mode. The linearity, accuracy, precision, limit of detection (LOD and lower limit of quantification (LLOQ were validated for this quantification method, and the sensitivity, reliability and reproducibility were all confirmed. The experiments provided a good method for analyzing BYHWT extracts. This study also quantitated the active components in various brands of commercially available products. The results indicated that the pharmaceutical industrial products of BYHWT exhibited considerable variation in their contents of the herbal compounds.

  14. Income and Expenditure Records of Taxes in Wu Slips Unearthed at Zoumalou%走马楼吴简赋税收支记录管窥



    根据走马楼吴简的赋税收支记录可知,赋税的种类不同,征收与管理的方式也有所不同.例如赋税的缴纳,有自送与代输;对于不宜分割物品,采用合户征收或折纳等方式;对赋税的账目管理,采用"莂"的形式,以便各方面互相监督;船师在不同仓库之间的赋税转运中发挥着重要作用.%According to income and expenditure records of taxes in Wu slips unearthed at Zoumalou, Changsha, different types of taxes were levied and managed by different methods. For example, some taxes were sent to pay by tax hearers themselves, but other taxes were collected by those who were designated by authorities and sent to government warehouses. Items which should not be split were levied on joint families or were substituted by other items with the same price. Accounts were managed by the methods facilitating mutual supervision. Chuanshi (boatmen) played important role in tax transshipment among warehouses.

  15. Protective Effects of Tao-Hong-Si-Wu Decoction on Memory Impairment and Hippocampal Damage in Animal Model of Vascular Dementia

    Lan Han


    Full Text Available Tao-Hong-Si-Wu decoction (TSD as a traditional chinese medicine (TCM has been developed to treat thrombotic diseases for hundreds of years, and vascular dementia (VD is a cognitive dysfunction syndrome caused by cerebral embolism. In this study, the protective effect of TSD on memory impairment and brain damage in rat model of VD induced by middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO was investigated. The study showed that rats in MCAO treatment with TSD for 14 days significantly improved behavioral function, increased densities of neuron, and induced angiogenesis in the brain compared with model rats. TSD also adjusted the neurotransmitter levels, reduced the content of endothelin-1 (ET-1, and induced the activities of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF in hippocampus. Moreover, the immunohistochemical staining and western blotting results also revealed that TSD decreased apoptosis via upregulated B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2/Bcl-2 associated X protein (Bax ratio. These results demonstrated TSD possesses neuroprotective and antidementia properties by preventing the loss of neural cells, adjusting brain neurotransmitter, promoting cerebral blood circulation, and decreasing apoptosis. These results suggested that TSD might be developed as an effective drug for the prevention of VD.

  16. Proteomic Identification of Nrf2-Mediated Phase II Enzymes Critical for Protection of Tao Hong Si Wu Decoction against Oxygen Glucose Deprivation Injury in PC12 Cells

    Hong-yi Qi


    Full Text Available Chinese herbal medicine formula Tao Hong Si Wu decoction (THSWD is traditionally used in China for cerebrovascular diseases. However, the molecular mechanisms of THSWD associated with the cerebral ischemia reperfusion injury are largely unknown. The current study applied the two-dimensional gel electrophoresis-based proteomics to investigate the different protein profiles in PC12 cells with and without the treatment of THSWD. Twenty-six proteins affected by THSWD were identified by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry. Gene ontology analysis showed that those proteins participated in several important biological processes and exhibited diverse molecular functions. In particular, six of them were found to be phase II antioxidant enzymes, which were regulated by NF-E2-related factor-2 (Nrf2. Quantitative PCR further confirmed a dose-dependent induction of the six phase II enzymes by THSWD at the transcription level. Moreover, the individual ingredients of THSWD were discovered to synergistically contribute to the induction of phase II enzymes. Importantly, THSWD’s protection against oxygen-glucose deprivation-reperfusion (OGD-Rep induced cell death was significantly attenuated by antioxidant response element (ARE decoy oligonucleotides, suggesting the protection of THSWD may be likely regulated at least in part by Nrf2-mediated phase II enzymes. Thus, our data will help to elucidate the molecular mechanisms underlying the neuroprotective effect of THSWD.

  17. Stress-driven discovery of a cryptic antibiotic produced by Streptomyces sp. WU20 from Kueishantao hydrothermal vent with an integrated metabolomics strategy.

    Shi, Yutong; Pan, Chengqian; Auckloo, Bibi Nazia; Chen, Xuegang; Chen, Chen-Tung Arthur; Wang, Kuiwu; Wu, Xiaodan; Ye, Ying; Wu, Bin


    Marine hydrothermal microorganisms respond rapidly to the changes in the concentrations and availability of metals within hydrothermal vent microbial habitats which are strongly influenced by elevated levels of heavy metals. Most hydrothermal vent actinomycetes possess a remarkable capability for the synthesis of a broad variety of biologically active secondary metabolites. Major challenges in the screening of these microorganisms are to activate the expression of cryptic biosynthetic gene clusters and the development of technologies for efficient dereplication of known compounds. Here, we report the identification of a novel antibiotic produced by Streptomyces sp. WU20 isolated from the metal-rich hydrothermal vents in Taiwan Kueishantao, following a strategy based on metal induction of silent genes combined with metabolomics analytical methods. HPLC-guided isolation by tracking the target peak resulted in the characterization of the novel compound 1 with antimicrobial activity against Bacillus subtilis. The stress metabolite 1 induced by nickel is structurally totally different compared with the normally produced compounds. This study underlines the applicability of metal induction combined with metabolic analytical techniques in accelerating the exploration of novel antibiotics and other medically relevant natural products.

  18. The Application and Reflection of the Unity of Knowledge and Practice on Li Zhi's Innocent Mind Theory in Novel Critique%李贽“童心”说之“知行合一”观在小说评点中的运用和体现



    李贽的“童心说”理论认为“童心”乃成人、成圣实践之根柢,主张为人处世应保持“童心”,依据“最初一念之本心”来行事,方可成人、成圣,否则便是假言假行,属假道学行经。强调个体实践必须依“童心”而行,与“童心”相一致,此可视为李贽“童心说”之“知行合一”观。李贽的文学理论和小说评点也正是建立在此种理论基础之上的,如对《水浒传》中鲁智深、李逵等人物形象性格的分析,即依“童心说”之此种“知行合一”思想来展开。%Li Zhi's Theory of Innocent Mind holds that childlike innocence is the foundation of human and sage and proposes that to be human and sage,one is supposed to keep child's mind,doing things from his conscience.Otherwise,his word and be-havior would be not true.It emphasizes that human's practice should be on the basis of innocent mind and be consistent with it. This is what the Unity of Knowledge and Practice on Li Zhi's Innocent Mind Theory is about.Li Zhi's literary theory and novel critique also rest on this theory.For example,his analysis of the characteristics of Lu Zhishen and Li Kui in Water Margin was on the Unity of Knowledge and Practice of Innocent Mind Theory.

  19. Qualitative and quantitative determination of gallic acid in tibetan Zhi Tuo Jie Bai Wan%藏药智托洁白丸中没食子酸的定性与定量检测

    仇朝红; 魏玉海; 李文渊


    目的:建立智托洁白丸处方中没食子酸定性与定量测定方法.方法:定性测定采用薄层色谱法.定量测定采用高效液相色谱法,色谱柱为Sunfire-ODS C18柱(250 mm,4.6 mm),柱温30 ℃,以乙腈-含体积分数0.1%三乙胺的体积分数0.1%磷酸溶液(体积比397) 为流动相;检测波长为273 nm,理论板数按没食子酸峰计算不低于3 000.结果:薄层色谱图中,供试品、对照药材和对照品在相应位置上显相同颜色的斑点,阴性对照无干扰.定量检测时,没食子酸进样量在0.015 7~0.283 0 μg范围内线性关系良好,标准曲线为Y=4×107X+6 532(R2=0.999 8);方法的精密度和重现性均良好(RSD分别为0.05%,1.43%),12 h内的稳定性良好(RSD=0.65%);平均回收率为98.07%,RSD=0.76%.9批样品中没食子酸平均含量为8.8 mg/g.结论:所建立的薄层色谱定性检测方法和高效液相色谱定量检测方法可用于智托洁白丸中没食子酸的定性鉴别和定量控制.%To establish the qualitative and quantitative determination methods of gallic acid in Zhi Tuo Jie Bai Wan. Methods: Thin layer chromatography( TLC ) and high performance liquid chromatography( HPLC ) were established for the qualitative and quantitative determination of gallic acid. HPLC: Sunfire-ODS C18 column( 250 mm,4. 6 mm ), column temperature was 30 t , a mixture of 3 volumes of acetonitrile and 97 volumes of 0. 1% phosphoric acid which contained 0. 1% TEA was as the mobile phase,the detection wavelength was 273 nm,the number of theoretical plates of gallic acid peak should be no less than 3 000. Results: The spot in TLC of the test sample was similar in position and colour to those of the reference substance and control medicinal substances, and negative control had non-interference. For HPLC, the standard line was 7 = 4×l07X + 6 532( R2 =0.999 8 ),the range was 0.015 7 -0.283 0 μg,the precision and stability in 12 h were good ( RSD =0. 05% ,0. 65% ) ,and the average recovery was 98

  20. 从《夷坚志》看宋代农村的雇佣劳动%On Wage Labor in the Countryside of Song Dynasty in Yi Jian Zhi



    Yi Jian Zhi, was written by Hong Mai, the famous scholar of the Southern Song Dynasty, and it is a marvelous clas-sical novel featured ghost stories, consisting of extensive phenomena about social economy and routine life of Song Dynasty. And it is of great historical value. Offering labor for sale to survive is the only choice for peasants being lack of producer goods. Many ways were introduced in Yi Jian Zhi, throughout the fields of production process and routine life. The employed labor force was distributed into non-productive area because of the limitation of the whole developing level of urban handicraft industry and social economy. Wage labor sold the labor force for lack of living material to support their families, which determines the feudal quality of wage labor in the countryside of Song Dynasty. The employment relationship had been formed between employer and wage labor, characterized with employment value:employer paid wage labor every day, or every month with cash. Labor just was paid and he was free and without personal bondage to employer. Wage labor could leave employer anytime. Wage labor was despised in society that indicated its social status very low.%南宋著名学者洪迈编撰的《夷坚志》,是一部搜罗广博、卷帙浩繁、内容宏富、气象万千的志怪小说集,蕴含大量宋代社会经济、生活珍贵资料,史料价值极高。缺少生产资料,出卖劳动力获取些许收入维持生计,是农民的不二选择,《夷坚志》记载了宋代农民基于各种原因出卖劳动力以维持生计的种种形式,遍及生产、生活各个领域。受城市手工业及社会经济发展整体水平局限,宋代农村雇佣劳动多分布于非生产性领域。雇佣劳动者“薄有赀业”,靠出卖动力补充生计,决定了宋代农村雇佣劳动的封建属性。雇主与雇佣劳动者普遍形成以“雇值”为纽带雇佣与被雇佣的关系,雇主按日、或按月以货币

  1. Landscape in the Soul-On the Prose Collection Landscape of Feng Zhi%灵魂里的山水--论冯至散文集《山水》



    Feng Zhi has been hailed by Lu Xun as'the most distinguished lyric poet of China'.His prose collection Landscape is a unique existence in Chinese modern prose.During the War of Resist-ance Against Japan,the landscape in a plain and quiet corner in Kunming became the spiritual home of Feng Zhi.He absorbed the ideas in Chinese Zen and accretion of'the world and me,and the union of all and me'in Taoism,blended with the landscape concept from Rilke and the Metamorphosis Theory of Goethe,to form his original view of nature which is rich in'universe spirit',and that is all are in u-nion,from the same root,and moving upwards and forward in integration.This view has a strong hu-manistic color.In Landscape ,it focuses on'landscape in the soul',with the flowing feeling of benign and open-hearted,and the theme of'Right of Life and Death'running through.This wise and mag-nanimous view of life and death is full of personality strength of responsibility,perseverance and posi-tivity.It has a clear and deeply graceful writing style,with the fusion of poetics and philosophy,as well as the lingering charm,like a meditative poetry.%冯至被鲁迅誉为“中国最为杰出的抒情诗人”,其散文集《山水》在中国现代散文中可谓是一个独特的存在。抗战时期,昆明一隅素朴、安静的自然山水成为冯至的精神寓所,冯至汲取中国禅宗、道家“天地与我并生,万物与我一体”的思想,融合里尔克的山水理念以及歌德的蜕变论,形成自己独到的富于“宇宙精神”的自然观,即众生一体、万有同源,一切均在关联变化中向前向上的自然观。这一自然观具有强烈的人本主义色彩。《山水》关注“灵魂里的山川”,流淌着光风霁月的情怀,贯穿着“正当的死生”的主旋律。这一睿智坦荡的生死观,充溢着担当、坚忍、积极向上的人格力量。《山水》行文清朗深婉,诗情与哲思水乳交融,韵味悠长,宛如一首沉思的诗。

  2. The Correlation Research Between the Loneliness and Wu-Tai Personality Theory of University Students%大学生孤独感与五态人格相关性研究

    刘婕; 杨振宁


    探讨大学生孤独感与五态人格的相关关系.通过对某高校218名大学生随机抽样,比较UCLA孤独量表和五态人格量表问卷调查结果,显示孤独感与阴阳平和、太阴之人的性格特点有显著相关.%The aim of the paper is to discuss the correlation relationships between the loneliness and Wu-Tai personality theory of university students. Based on the random sampling of 218 university students of a university, the investigation results between UCLA loneliness Scale and the Wu-Tai personality Scale are compared. The results showed that there is a significant correlation between loneliness and the personality characteristics of Yin- Yang peaceful people, Tai-Yin people.

  3. Stereotactic body radiation therapy for patients with recurrent pancreatic adenocarcinoma at the abdominal lymph nodes or postoperative stump including pancreatic stump and other stump

    Zeng XL


    Full Text Available Xian-Liang Zeng,* Huan-Huan Wang,* Mao-Bin Meng, Zhi-Qiang Wu, Yong-Chun Song, Hong-Qing Zhuang, Dong Qian, Feng-Tong Li, Lu-Jun Zhao, Zhi-Yong Yuan, Ping Wang Department of Radiation Oncology, Tianjin’s Clinical Research Center for Cancer and Key Laboratory of Cancer Prevention and Therapy, Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital, National Clinical Research Center for Cancer, Tianjin, People’s Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Background and aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT using CyberKnife in the treatment of patients with recurrent pancreatic adenocarcinoma at the abdominal lymph node or stump after surgery. Patients and methods: Between October 1, 2006 and May 1, 2015, patients with recurrent pancreatic adenocarcinoma at the abdominal lymph node or stump after surgery were enrolled and treated with SBRT at our hospital. The primary end point was local control rate after SBRT. Secondary end points were overall survival, time to symptom alleviation, and toxicity, assessed using the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.0. Results: Twenty-four patients with 24 lesions (17 abdominal lymph nodes and seven stumps were treated with SBRT, of which five patients presented with abdominal lymph nodes and synchronous metastases in the liver and lung. The 6-, 12-, and 24-month actuarial local control rates were 95.2%, 83.8%, and 62.1%, respectively. For the entire cohort, the median overall survival from diagnosis and SBRT was 28.9 and 12.2 months, respectively. Symptom alleviation was observed in eleven of 14 patients (78.6% within a median of 8 days (range, 1–14 days after SBRT. Nine patients (37.5% experienced Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.0 grade 1–2 acute toxicities; one patient experienced grade 3 acute toxicity due to thrombocytopenia. Conclusion: SBRT is a safe and

  4. 论李贽与晚明“狂侠”士风的精神结构%On the Structure of the Spirit of Being Radical of Both Li Zhi and Intellectuals of the Late Ming Dynasty



    传统的“狂狷”思想,在晚明特别是在作为王阳明后学的泰州学派那里,从理论到实践都得到了充分的发展。在这一时期,“狂狷”中的“狷”在“无道则隐”、“独善其身”、“不屑不洁之士”方面的部分意义开始脱落,并被积极进取的“狂”所涵盖。在“狂”的理论与实践发展中,逐渐与“侠”相结合,形成了“儒”、“侠”合流的晚明“狂侠”士风。在这一思潮的发展中,李贽无论在理论抑或实践方面都是最为典型的代表。%In the late Ming Dynasty (1368-1644 ),the traditional trend of being both radical and conser-vative was best reflected,in theory and in practice,in scholars of the Taizhou School,disciples of Wang Yang-ming and it was during this period of time that the traditional practice of withdrawing from the madding crowd to refine oneself instead of befriending the unethical gave place to radical actions. When eventually integrating the spirit of xia ! upholding the just and the chivalrous ! the characteristic spirit of ultraradicalness came in-to being in late Ming Dynasty that also included the ideas of Confucianism. Both in theory and in practice,Li Zhi was one of the most typical representatives of this school of thought.

  5. 记中国第一位女性精神病学专家——桂质良教授%Professor Zhi Liang GUI (1900-1956) :China's first female psychiatrist



    本文介绍我国已故的女性精神病学专家桂质良教授(1900-1956).桂教授出身于书香门第,在上世纪20年代曾留学于美国卫斯理学院(Wellesley College)以及霍普金斯大学(Johns Hopkins University),之后回国从医执教,并出版了等专著.她可谓是我国精神科发展史上第一位女性精神病学专家、第一位儿童精神病学和心理卫生的专家、第一位个出版精神病专著的专家.%This article describes the life and contributions of Zhi Liang GUI ( 1900 - 1956), China's first female psychiatrist.Born into a scholarly family, she went to the United States as an international student in the 1920's.After completing her undergraduate studies at Wellesley College and medical studies at John Hopkins University she returned to China to practice and teach medicine.During her career Dr Gui published the first textbook in psychiatry in Chinese-Modern Psychiatry-and several other important monographs.In the history of the development of psychiatry in China, Professor Gui was not only first female psychiatric expert, she was also the first psychiatrist to address the problem of psychiatric and mental health issues in children.

  6. Characterization of global metabolic profile of Zhi-Zi-Hou-Po decoction in rat bile, urine and feces after oral administration based on a strategy combining LC-MS and chemometrics.

    Luo, Kaiwen; Shi, Qingshui; Feng, Fang


    Identification of metabolic profile of traditional Chinese medicine in vivo is always a challenge task. Usually, screening out and identifying the exogenous compounds manually from total ion chromatograms (TICs) of biologic samples is time-consuming and strenuous. In this study, a systematic identification strategy based on LC-MS was adopted to clarify the metabolic profiling of Zhi-Zi-Hou-Po decoction (ZZHPD) in rat. Bile, urine and feces samples of rat were obtained after oral administration and then analyzed by LC-MS after proper preparation. The xenobiotics were screened out from TICs globally and rapidly by untargeted metabolomics-driven strategy (UMDS) based on the combined of XCMS online (a web-based platform to process LC-MS data), MetAlign (a software to process LC-MS data) and SIMCA-P (a software for data analysis). Most of the xenobiotics were identified by means of series product ions filtering (sPIF), which was based on the database-hit of ZZHPD (including prototype and metabolites). Then the unmatched constituents were identified tentatively and their source and metabolic pathway were clarified by using diagnostic fragment ions strategy (DFIS). As a result, a total of 83 compounds including 44 prototype compounds and 39 metabolites were rapidly identified or tentatively characterized from the biologic samples, and among them, four of which were found for the first time. Further research on the correlations of these prototype compounds and metabolites revealed that glucuronidation is the main metabolic pathways of ZZHPD in rat bile and urine, while prototype compounds were the abundant ingredients detected in rat feces.

  7. Seducing the Husband:The Abnormal Behavior of the Wife in Liao Zhai Zhi Yi%《聊斋志异》中的“易妻为妾”现象探析



    "易妻为妾"是产生于《聊斋志异》中《恒娘》篇里的特定语汇。蒲松龄对"易妻为妾"行为的描写,使《恒娘》成为反映女性嫉妒问题的小说特例。"易妻为妾"揭示了妻妾之道下的情爱心理特点,演绎了女性面对婚姻危机时的一种反攻战术,展示了古代夫、妻、妾关系的某种真实面貌。对从古至今长期存在的女性"易妻为妾"的心理和行为还需进行深入的思考和研究。%The particular term "transferring from wife to concubine" ,which was derived from the series stories Heng Niang in Liao Zhai Zhi Yi, referred to the abnormal behaviors of the wives in the ancient times. It was a counterat-tack strategy used by females to handle their marriage crisis. Owing to it, Heng Niang became distinctive in the novels created in Ming and Qing Dynasties. The stories in Heng Niang portrayed the female jealousy in detail. The phenomenon "transferring from wife to concubine" signified the females' love psychology in the competition between the wives and the concubines. It exactly explained the subtle relationship between the husband, the wife and the concubine. It still needs further reflection and study on the specific psychology and abnormal behaviors brought by "transferring from wife to concubine".

  8. Combination of counterpropagation artificial neural networks and antioxidant activities for comprehensive evaluation of associated-extraction efficiency of various cyclodextrins in the traditional Chinese formula Xue-Zhi-Ning.

    Sun, Lili; Yang, Jianwen; Wang, Meng; Zhang, Huijie; Liu, Yanan; Ren, Xiaoliang; Qi, Aidi


    Xue-Zhi-Ning (XZN) is a widely used traditional Chinese medicine formula to treat hyperlipidemia. Recently, cyclodextrins (CDs) have been extensively used to minimize problems relative to medicine bioavailability, such as low solubility and poor stability. The objective of this study was to determine the associated-extraction efficiency of various CDs in XZN. Three various type CDs were evaluated, including native CDs (α-CD, β-CD), hydrophilic CD derivatives (HP-β-CD and Me-β-CD), and ionic CD derivatives (SBE-β-CD and CM-β-CD). An ultra high-performance liquid chromatography (UHPLC) fingerprint was applied to determine the components in CD extracts and original aqueous extract (OAE). A counterpropagation artificial neural network (CP-ANN) was used to analyze the components in different extracts and compare the selective extraction of various CDs. Extraction efficiencies of the various CDs in terms of extracted components follow the ranking, ionic CD derivatives>hydrophilic CD derivatives>native CDs>OAE. Besides, different types of CDs have their own selective extraction and ionic CD derivatives present the strongest associated-extraction efficiency. Antioxidant potentials of various extracts were evaluated by determining the inhibition of spontaneous, H2O2-induced, CCl4-induced and Fe(2+)/ascorbic acid-induced lipid peroxidation (LPO) and analyzing the scavenging capacity for DPPH and hydroxyl radicals. The order of extraction efficiencies of the various CDs relative to antioxidant activities is as follows: SBE-β-CD>CM-β-CD>HP-β-CD>Me-β-CD>β-CD>α-CD. It can be demonstrated that all of the CDs studied increase the extraction efficiency and that ionic CD derivatives (SBE-β-CD and CM-β-CD) present the highest extraction capability in terms of amount extracted and antioxidant activities of extracts.

  9. Arabic and Persian Sources used in Liu Zhi' s Tian-Fang Xing-Li%刘智《天方性理》采辑经书文献考

    姚继德; 王根明


    Liu Zhi (1660--1730) is one eminent Chinese Muslim philosopher in the earlier Qing dynasty. The Arabic and Persian bibliography (Caijijingshumu) attached his Islamic philosophical translation work Tian-Fang Xing-Li, is the oldest literature recorded in Arabic and Persian transliteration in China. The list of his reference contains important information of religious and cultural exchanges between China and the Islamic world before 18th century. The paper offers us a new comprehensive textual research of this bibliography based on the Arabic and Per-sian sources survived in Chinese Muslim society as well as the sources in Arab and Persian world.%刘智(1660—1730)是清初中国伊斯兰学者,其著作《天方性理》卷首附有"采辑经书目",该书目是中国现存最早的阿拉伯文和波斯文文献目录。本文根据中国回族经堂教育现存的阿拉伯文和波斯文文献,并参考国外阿拉伯文和波斯文文献资料对之作了较为全面的考证,是迄今为止对《天方性理》参考文献的全面考释,对研究古代伊斯兰世界与中国穆斯林社会的文化交流有重要文献学价值。

  10. Simultaneous determination of two iridoid glycosides, two anthraquinones and four flavonoid glycosides of Zhi-Zi-Da-Huang decoction in rat plasma by UFLC-MS/MS: application to a comparative pharmacokinetic study in normal and cholestatic liver injury rats.

    Zhu, Heyun; Bi, Kaishun; Han, Fei; Guan, Jiao; Tang, Zheng; Chen, Kelin; Zhao, Longshan; Li, Qing; Yin, Ran; Hou, Xiaohong


    A selective, sensitive and reliable ultra fast liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UFLC-MS/MS) method has been developed for the simultaneous determination of two iridoid glycosides (geniposide and genipin gentiobioside), two anthraquinones (rhein and emodin) and four flavonoid glycosides (isonaringin, naringin, hesperidin and neohesperidin), the major active ingredients of Zhi-Zi-Da-Huang decoction (ZZDHD), in rat plasma using paeoniflorin as internal standard (IS). After liquid-liquid extraction with ethyl acetate-isopropanol (1:1, v/v), separation was achieved on a Shim-pack XR-ODS C18 column (75 mm×3.0 mm, 2.2 μm) using gradient elution with a mobile phase consisting of water (containing 0.1% formic acid) and acetonitrile at a flow rate of 0.4 mL/min. Detection was performed on 4000 QTRAP mass spectrometry equipped with turbo ion spray source in the negative ionization and multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mode. The intra- and inter-day precisions (as relative standard deviation) were less than 11.4%, and accuracy (as relative error) was within ± 10.0%. The lower limits of quantification (LLOQ) were 4.0, 0.5, 2.0, 0.1, 1.0, 2.0, 1.0, 2.0 ng/mL for geniposide, genipin gentiobioside, rhein, emodin, isonaringin, naringin, hesperidin and neohesperidin, respectively. The extraction recoveries of the analytes and IS from rat plasma were all more than 86.0%. The method was fully validated and applied to compare the pharmacokinetic profiles of the analytes in normal and cholestatic liver injury (CLI) rats after oral administration of ZZDHD. Results showed that there were remarkable differences in pharmacokinetic properties of the analytes between normal and CLI group.

  11. 吴克明教授治疗节食减肥后闭经经验介绍%Brief Introduction to Professor WU Keming′s Experience on Treatment of Amenorrhea after Losing Weight by Dieting

    敖荣娜; 罗娟; 李晶晶; 吴克明


    从典型病例入手介绍吴克明教授运用中西医两法诊治减肥后闭经的临床经验,以期为相关临床研究提供参考.%We are discussing professor WU Keming's experience of treating amenorrhea after losing weight with western medicine and traditional Chinese medicine through analyzing classic cases, aiming to provide reference for associated clinical study.

  12. Reclassification of Halomonas caseinilytica Wu et al. 2008 as a later synonym of Halomonas sinaiensis-Comments on the proposal by Hwang et al., Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 109:1345-1352, 2016.

    Oren, Aharon


    Hwang et al. (Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 109:1345-1352, 2016) proposed the reclassification of Halomonas caseinilytica (Wu et al. 2008) as a later synonym of Halomonas sinaiensis, based on the publication of the latter name in 2007 by Romano et al. However, the name H. sinaiensis was validly published only in 2011. Therefore the proposal by Hwang et al. is not appropriate; instead, the name H. sinaiensis can be proposed as a later synonym of H. casinilytica.

  13. 拟缺香茶菜化学成分的研究%Studies on the chemical constituents of Isodon excisoides(Sun ex C.H.Hu) C.Y.Wu et H.W.Li

    丁兰; 王瀚; 刘国安; 杨东娟


    从甘肃产拟缺香茶菜(Isodon excisoides(Sun ex C.H.Hu)C.Y.Wu et H.W.Li)的叶中分离得到6个化合物,利用现代波谱学方法鉴定其结构为:β-谷甾醇,熊果酸,线蓟素,胡麻素,胡萝卜甙,槲皮甙.

  14. Diagnostic and Treatment Features and Clinical Thought of Pro.Wu Xuesu Treating Diabetic Foot%吴学苏教授治疗糖尿病足的临床思路与诊疗特色初探

    邵鑫; 吴学苏


    [Objective] To summarize the clinical diagnosis and treatment ideas for diabetic foot by Professor Wu Xuesu,which called "five combinations". [Methods] By learning from Professor Wu Xuesu, typical cases of her "five combinations"clinical characteristics for the treatment of diabetic foot were collected, analyzed and summarized. [Results] The diabetic foot Integrative Medicine Platform,which multidisciplinary participated could relieve the symptoms and showed a positive effect on the prognosis of patients. [Conclusion] The clinical diagnosis and treatment ideas and clinical characteristics of Professor Wu Xuesu for diabetic foot has an important guiding significance in clinic.%[目的]总结吴学苏教授以“五个结合”为特色治疗糖尿痛足的诊疗思路.[方法]通过跟师学习收集吴学苏教授多年治疗糖尿病足的典型病例,分析、总结其“五个结合”诊疗特色.[结果]多学科共同参与的中西医结合治疗平台治疗糖尿病足能较好地改善患者的症状,对患者的预后有积极的作用.[结论]吴学苏教授提出的诊疗思路及诊疗特色对临床有重要的指导意义.

  15. 吴银根辨治间质性肺疾病验案分析%Effective Cases Analysis of Professor WU Yingen in Differentiating and Treating Interstitial Lung Disease

    石克华; 熊必丹; 吴银根


    通过验案分析,总结吴银根教授辨治间质性肺疾病的临床经验.其辨治要点是:认为本病的病位在肺络,病机为肺络痹阻,痰瘀互结.虚、痰、瘀是其主要病理特点,以通补肺络为大法,主张络虚宜通补,采用祛痰通络,活血化瘀,温阳益气,滋阴补肾等治法,善用峻烈、有毒和虫类药物.%This article introduced the clinical experience of Professor WU Yingen who differentiated and treated interstitial lung disease by analyzing effective cases. The important point of syndrome differentiation and treatment is that lung collaterals is the position of the disease, obstructing lung collaterals and intermingled phlegm and blood stasis are the basis pathogenesis of interstitial lung disease. Deficiency,phlegm and blood stasis are the main pathological features. And tonifying the lung collaterals is the method of treatment. Professor WU thinks that collaterals deficiency must be tonified,and the disease can be treated by using therapeutic principles and methods like reducing phlegm and vein relaxing, promoting blood circulation for removing blood stasis, wanning yang and benefiting qi, replenishing vital essence to tonify the kidney, and so on. Professor WU makes full use of drastic, toxic and insects medicine of TCM.

  16. Pursuit of Wu Xiaobang' s "Tianma Dance Art Studio" and Contemporary Enlightenment%吴晓邦 "天马舞蹈艺术工作室" 的实验追求与当代启示



    从吴晓邦 "天马" 的创作实验入手, 探讨其实验追求, 可通过个案研究管窥建国 "十七年" 舞蹈的创作生态格局, 进而结合社会、 政治、 文化思潮阐释 "天马" 在特定语境中的特殊价值, 揭示吴晓邦"新舞蹈" 艺术的审美转型. 同时, 重提吴晓邦启蒙、 思辨的创造精神, 寻求民族之根与身份认同的文化自觉性, 以期为当代舞蹈创作提供启示.%From Wu Xiaobang' s experimental creation of "Tianma", the paper explores the experimental pursuit, and the ecological creation pattern of the seventeen years since the founding of new China with case studies. It ex?pounds the special value of "Tianma" in the specific context with social, political and cultural trends, and reveals the aesthetic transformation of Wu Xiaobang' s "new dance" art. Meanwhile, Wu Xiaobang' s enlightenment and speculative spirit of creation can inspire contemporary dance creation along with the cultural consciousness of seeking roots and identity of the nation.

  17. Profiling and Identification of the Metabolites of Evodiamine in Rats ...

    Spectrometer. Fang Ping Wu, Yong Yang, Liang Hong Liu, Hong Pu, Ping Jin, Zu Fu Yao* and. Wei Cai* .... experiment, all rats were fasted for 12 h and fed with water. ..... Zhang J, Cai W, Zhou Y, Liu Y, Wu XD, Li Y, Lu JQ, Qiao. YJ. Profiling ...

  18. The Examination for the Time of Emperor Wu Currency Reform during the Han Dynasty%汉武帝钱币改革系年考

    曾维华; 窦葳


    《史记》《汉书》等文献以及考古资料记载汉武帝时期有过多次钱币改革。通过梳理、分析、考证,可确定汉武帝即位后继续沿用文帝时铸行的四铢半两钱,自元狩三年开始先后进行了多次货币改革,具体年代、内容为:元狩三年,造皮币、白金三品,并销四铢半两钱,铸三铢钱;元狩四年,罢三铢钱,铸郡国五铢钱;元狩六年,京师钟官铸赤侧钱,规定以赤侧钱为赋;元鼎二年,废白金三品;元鼎四年,废赤侧钱,禁郡国五铢铸钱,铸行三官五铢钱;太始二年,铸麟趾金、褭蹏金,主要用作赏赐诸侯王等。%The Historical Records ,the History of Han Dynasty and other documents recorded that there were several currency reforms in Emperor Wu of Han. With combing,analysis and textual research,we can determine that the Emperor Wu of Han still used the money of four baht and a half which was cast by the Emperor Wen of Han.Since the third year of Yuan Shou,they began multiple currency reforms, the specific time and content is:in the third year of Yuan Shou,they made artificial leather coins, white Gold three level and forbade the money of four baht and a half,cast the money of three baht; in the fourth year of Yuan Shou, they forbade three baht, casting the money of county five baht ; in the sixth year of Yuan Shou, the official of Capital began to cast the red side money and provide that the red side money to pay the tax only;in the second year of Yuan Ding,they forbade white gold three level; in the fourth year of Yuan Ding, they forbade the red side money and the county casting the five baht money, began to cast the money of three official five baht; in the second year of Tai Shi, they began to cast gold of Lin Chi, gold of NiaoTi, used for reward vassal king etc.

  19. The urban flood control embankment engineering design of Wu-Yuan City%婺源县城区防洪治理工程设计

    蔡方昕; 王建峰


    Aimed at the problems of unblocked flood protection levee , no blocking flood drainage facilities in water-logging area and cannot resist the 20 year design flood with low flood control standard in the Wu-Yuan urban flood control system , according to the overall planning of urban flood control, the distribution of Le-An river, and flood control standard of the planning years,combining with the existing flood control facilities, protection object and other factors, the integrated protection and reinforcement scheme with building new embankment, new flood wall and dry masonry stone revetment has been design and adopted. The anti sliding and anti overturning stability, seepage stability and stress analysis results show that the overall stability, permeability and stress indicators of the protection and reinforcement structure conform to the standard requirement totally. The flood prevention and strengthening scheme has good technical and economic benefits.%针对婺源县城区防洪体系中防洪堤未封闭,涝区无挡洪排涝设施,防洪堤防洪标准偏低、无法抵御20年一遇洪水等问题,结合防洪堤现状、防护对象等因素,设计采取有针对性的新建土堤、新建防洪墙和干砌石护岸等为一体的防护加固方案。计算结果表明:防护加固建筑结构整体稳定性、抗渗性和应力指标均符合规范要求,防洪加固方案具有较好的技术和经济效益。

  20. Image of Wu Zetian in the Novels of Ming and Qing Dynasties%明清小说中的武则天形象简论

    刘健; 雷勇


    Empress Wu Zetian was frequently the depicting interest of writers in Ming and Qing dynasties,who mostly focused on her cruelty,licentiousness,and bloodthirstiness,to highlight her political ambitions,whereas diminished her political and insight talents,which desalted her historical contribution and presented her as either a demon or a deity.Following their forerunners,writers of the times intensified the criticism against Wu's usurping power as a female,blinding the emperor by seduction,and having illegitimate sex relations in the imperial court.Her image is more complicated and diversified in novels of the times for their varied narrative angles.%在明清小说中武则天是一个颇受作者关注的人物。小说家在塑造武则天形象时,大多着眼于她的残忍、荒淫和嗜杀,突出了她的政治野心,因此,武则天基本上是以"中淫外酷"的负面形象出现的。小说家削弱了武则天作为一代女皇的政治才能、远见卓识,淡化了她的历史功绩,将这一形象妖魔化或神化,在前人的基础上,小说家更加强了对武则天"牝鸡司晨"、"狐媚惑主"和"淫秽宫闱"的诋毁和道德批判。由于叙事角度不同,明清小说中的武则天形象更加复杂、多样。

  1. Contamination and Human Health Risk Assessment of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) in Oysters After the Wu Yi San Oil Spill in Korea.

    Loh, Andrew; Yim, Un Hyuk; Ha, Sung Yong; An, Joon Geon; Kim, Moonkoo


    After the collision of the Singapore-registered oil tanker M/V Wu Yi San into the oil terminal of Yeosu, Korea on January 31, 2014, approximately 900 m(3) of oil and oil mixture were released from the ruptured pipelines. The oil affected more than 10 km of coastline along Gwangyang Bay. Emergency oil spill responses recovered bulk oil at sea and cleaned up the stranded oil on shore. As part of an emergency environmental impact assessment, region-wide monitoring of oil contamination in oyster had been conducted for 2 months. Highly elevated concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were detected at most of the spill affected sites. Four days after the spill, the levels of PAHs in oysters increased dramatically to 627-81,000 ng/g, the average of which was 20 times higher than those found before the spill (321-4040 ng/g). The level of PAHs in these oysters increased until 10 days after the spill and then decreased. Due to the strong tidal current and easterly winter winds, the eastern part of the Bay-the Namhae region-was heavily contaminated compared with other regions. The accumulation and depuration of spilled oil in oyster corresponded with the duration and intensity of the cleanup activities, which is the first field observation in oil spill cases. Human health risk assessments showed that benzo[a]pyrene equivalent concentrations exceeded levels of concern in the highly contaminated sites, even 60 days after the spill.

  2. Molecular mechanisms of the analgesic action of Wu-tou Decoction on neuropathic pain in mice revealed using microarray and network analysis.

    Zhang, Yan-Qiong; Wang, Chao; Guo, Qiu-Yan; Zhu, Chun-Yan; Yan, Chen; Sun, Dan-Ni; Xu, Qiong-Hong; Lin, Na


    Wu-tou Decoction (WTD) is a classic herbal formula in traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of joint diseases, neuropathic pain (NP) and inflammatory pain. In this study we investigated whether WTD produced analgesic action in a mouse spinal nerve ligation (SNL) model and elucidated the underlying molecular mechanisms. Mice were subjected to SNL and orally treated with WTD (3.15, 6.30 or 12.60 g·kg(-1)·d(-1)) for 21 d. SNL induced mechanical hyperalgesia and heat hyperalgesia characterized by rapid and persistent pain hypersensitivity. In addition, the expression levels of IL-1β, TNF-α, CCL2 and CXCL1 in the spinal cord dorsal horn were dramatically increased on the 10(th) d post-surgery. Oral administration of WTD dose-dependently suppressed both mechanical and heat hyperalgesia as well as the expression levels of inflammatory cytokines in the spinal cord dorsal horn on the 21(st) d post-surgery. Then whole-genome microarray analyses were conducted to detect the gene expression profiles of spinal cord dorsal horn in SNL mice with or without WTD treatment. After construction of the WTD-SNL-network and topological analysis, a list of candidate target genes of WTD acting on SNL-induced NP was identified and found to be functionally enriched in several glial cell activation-related pathways and neuroinflammatory pathways. Our data have clarified the gene expression patterns in the mouse spinal cord under the NP condition. We also demonstrate the analgesic action of WTD through suppression of glial cell activation and neuroinflammation, which suggest the potential of WTD as a promising candidate for the treatment of NP.

  3. Inhibition of Neoplastic Transformation and Chemically-Induced Skin Hyperplasia in Mice by Traditional Chinese Medicinal Formula Si-Wu-Tang

    Liu, Mandy M.; Huang, Kevin M.; Yeung, Steven; Chang, Andy; Zhang, Suhui; Mei, Nan; Parsa, Cyrus; Orlando, Robert; Huang, Ying


    Exploring traditional medicines may lead to the development of low-cost and non-toxic cancer preventive agents. Si-Wu-Tang (SWT), comprising the combination of four herbs, Rehmanniae, Angelica, Chuanxiong, and Paeoniae, is one of the most popular traditional Chinese medicines for women’s diseases. In our previous studies, the antioxidant Nrf2 pathways were strongly induced by SWT in vitro and in vivo. Since Nrf2 activation has been associated with anticarcinogenic effects, the purpose of this study is to evaluate SWT’s activity of cancer prevention. In the Ames test, SWT demonstrated an antimutagenic activity against mutagenicity induced by the chemical carcinogen 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (DMBA). In JB6 P+ cells, a non-cancerous murine epidermal model for studying tumor promotion, SWT inhibited epidermal growth factor (EGF)-induced neoplastic transformation. The luciferase reporter gene assays demonstrated that SWT suppressed EGF-induced AP-1 and TNF-α-induced NF-κB activation, which are essential factors involved in skin carcinogenesis. In a DMBA-induced skin hyperplasia assay in ‘Sensitivity to Carcinogenesis’ (SENCAR) mice, both topical and oral SWT inhibited DMBA-induced epidermal hyperplasia, expression of the proliferation marker Proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), and H-ras mutations. These findings demonstrate, for the first time, that SWT prevents tumor promoter and chemical-induced carcinogenesis in vitro and in vivo, partly by inhibiting DNA damage and blocking the activation of AP-1 and NF-κB. PMID:28335476

  4. John Ching Hsiung Wu on the Artistic Spirits of Law%吴经熊论法的艺术精神



    As an encyclopedic scholar in both western and traditional Chinese culture,John Ching Hsiung Wu’s theory made a major impact on the world stage in the twentieth century. Wu’s research field refers to philosophy,law,literature,religion and so on. From these perspectives,John C. H. Wu’s character in scholarship and world view can be tasted under the special background of the time.The article takes John C. H. Wu’s ideas on the art as a starting point,and the transition of the position of legal philosophy as background. The part one talks about the art of law from John C. H. Wu’s positivism standpoint on the early stage,which behaves in equitable interest,symmetrical order and the beauty of harmony. The part two pays attention to the philosophy of natural law. Through compromising the nature and human intelligence,John C. H. Wu realizes the transcendent level of the art of law. The inherent value of law,equity and justice,shows the beauty of caring for human nature in essence. According to John C. H. Wu’s philosophy of natural law,justice is rooted in the changeless value of the eternal law. Through transforming into human law from natural law,the eternal law of God reflects the glory of the divine. The last part discusses the reason,for which John C. H. Wu gains the special thoughts. Besides the Catholic beliefs,the most important reason is the cognitive style intuition,which is cultivated under the background of different cultural tradition. With the help of intuition,John C. H. Wu got perfect temperament and life.%作为一位学贯古今,纵横中西方文化的集大成者,吴经熊在二十世纪的世界舞台上留下了浓墨重彩的一笔。他的研究领域涉及哲学、法学、文学、宗教等多个领域。不管从哪个角度观察之,人们都能从中领略到吴经熊在那个特殊时代背景下所代表的一般志士仁人的治学治世的品性。本文以吴经熊前后期法哲学立场的转向为大背景对其法的

  5. Analogous Formulae of Si-Wu Decoction for Nourishing Blood and Regulating Menstruation%四物汤类方养血调经配伍功效探析

    范欣生; 陈菲; 刘培; 宿树兰; 段金廒


    Si-Wu Decoction act not only as the classic formula for nourishing blood but also as the basic formula for regulating menstruation, and therefore is widely applied in clinic. In this paper, we discuss the nourishing blood and regulating menstruation function of Si-Wu Decoction based on the main syndrome as well as the characteristics of it and its analogous formulae. Si-Wu Decoction can nourish blood by affecting blood system, neu-roendocrine system, specific physiological matter of women and related hormones. It also can regulate blood by improving blood rheology, regulating the relationship between coagulation and anti-coagulation and improving uterine smooth muscle, whose mechanism involves different cytokines secreted by vascular endothelial cells. The comparison between analogous formulae indicates that the derived analogous ones share similar function and featured differences. For example, Too -Hong -Si-Wu Decoction lays particular stress on activating blood and resolving blood stasis by improving blood rheology, preventing blood platelets aggregation; Xiang-Fu-Si-Wu Decoction regulates Qi and relieves pain by inhibiting contraction frequency and amplitude of uterine smooth muscle as well as the average muscular tension. Qin-Lian-Si-Wu Decoction clears heat and activates blood by inhibiting inflammatory factors. Therefore, effect manifestations of the similarity and difference of Si-Wu Decoction analogous formulae helps go deep into the study of classic formulae to guide clinical practice.%四物汤为补血剂的代表方,也是调经基本方,是后世众多补血方的祖方,临床应用广泛.本文探讨基于主证的四物汤配伍功效,以及四物汤衍化方的特点.四物汤具有补血调血之功,其补血作用不仅表现在对血液系统的影响,也包括对神经内分泌系统、妇女特异性生理物质及相关激素水平的影响;其调血之用,具有改善血液流变、维持凝血与抗凝平衡,同时还改善子宫平

  6. 可疑的“慧纹”与曹雪芹何干——脂批本第53回中的一个破绽%Is the Skeptical Wisdom Texture relevant to Cao Xueqin? -- One Weak Point in the 53rd Section of the Version of Zhi Yan Zhai's Comments on A Dream of Red Mansions



    《红楼梦》脂批本第53回,在讲到贾母元宵开夜宴的厅上摆设的时候,多出了长达近500字的篇幅的一大段,对其中"缨络"的来历作了详细的交待。从艺术逻辑、生活逻辑、作者的写作习惯等五个方面论证了这一大段不是曹雪芹的作品,而是不懂小说创作ABC的脂砚斋们所制造的假冒伪劣。%In the 53rd section of the version of Zhi Yan Zhai's comments on A Dream of Red Mansions, when it referred to Jia Mu holding the evening party on the Lantern Festival in the hall, the writer used more than 500 characters to describe the Ying Luo (a kind of strap) and told us the detailed history of Ying Luo. From the five aspects like the logic of art, the logic of life and the author's writing habits, this passage demonstrates the fact that these characters were not written by Cao Xueqin, but were the fake work made up by Zhi Yan Zhai who did not understand what the fiction ABC is.

  7. 栀子大黄汤有效成分在体肠吸收研究%Intestinal Absorption Studies of the Active Components in Zhi-Zi-Da-Huang Decoction

    李允; 郎巧玲; 冯芳; 史清水


    目的:研究栀子大黄汤中栀子苷、柚皮苷、橙皮苷和新橙皮苷4种有效成分的大鼠在体肠吸收动力学。方法:运用大鼠在体单向灌流重量法进行肠吸收实验,考察不同吸收部位和药物浓度下的肠吸收动力学,采用HPLC法测定有效成分的浓度。结果:栀子苷、柚皮苷和新橙皮苷在小肠的吸收速率常数(Ka)和有效渗透系数(Peff)显著大于结肠(P0.05),橙皮苷的Ka和Peff随浓度的升高先增加后降低。结论:栀子大黄汤中4种有效成分在全肠道均有吸收;栀子苷、柚皮苷和新橙皮苷的吸收机制为被动扩散,橙皮苷在吸收过程中存在高浓度饱和现象,推测吸收机制为主动转运或易化扩散。%Objective: To study the in vivo intestinal absorption kinetics of geniposide (GE), naringin (NA), hesperidin(HE) and neohesperdin(NE) in Zhi-Zi-Da-Huang Decoction(ZZDHD). Methods: The in situ single-pass perfusion gravimetric method was adopted to investigate the influence of absorption site and drug concentration on the rat intestinal absorption. The HPLC was used to measure the contents of GE, NA, HE and NE. Results: For GE, NA and NE, their absorption parameters, the Ka and Peff, in the small intestines were significantly different from those in the colon(P0.05), while the absorption of HE first increased and then decreased with the increase of drug concentration (P<0.05). Conclusion: The four active components in ZZDHD could be absorbed in the whole intestinal canal of rats. The absorption of GE, NA and NE in rat intestine appeared to be by the passive diffusion mechanism while that of the HE was prelimnarily determined to be by an active transport or facilitated diffusion mechanism.

  8. 全国冠军永富军射箭动作肩部晃动特征运动学分析%A kinematics research on the characteristics of shoulder shake of archery movement by national champions YONG Fu-Jun



    By using the method of documents, experimentation and statistics, this article kinematics analyses ar-chery movement of the national champion YONG Fujun, find out right shoulder shakes most in up and down when in different shaking, left shoulder in front and back shakes worst, and right shoulder shakes bigger than left one.%采用文献资料法、实验法、数理统计法,以射箭项目全国冠军永富军为研究对象,对其射箭技术动作进行运动学分析,结果表明:双肩在不同方向的晃动程度中右肩在上下方向晃动程度最强,左肩在前后方向晃动程度最弱,且整体上右肩的晃动程度比左肩的晃动程度强。旨在为其成绩的提高提供理论依据。

  9. 新世纪小说史研究的新气象--刘勇强先生《中国古代小说史叙论》述评%New Atmosphere of Novel History Research in New Century-A Review of Mr.LIU Yong-qiang’s Narrative Comments on Chinese Ancient Novel History



    上世纪初,小说史著作开始登上学术舞台,在不同历史时期里表现出各自的特色。本世纪初,刘勇强先生的《中国古代小说史叙论》在结构、内质及学术问题的处理等方面均有独到之处,体现了新世纪小说史研究的新气象。%In the early years of the last century,the works of novel history began to appear in the academic circle.And they have different features in different times.At the beginning of this century,Mr.LIU Yong-qiang’s Narrative Comments on Chinese Ancient Novel History has its unique features in either its structure,content or tackling of some academic issues. This shows the new atmosphere of the novel history study in new century.

  10. 新型四物胶囊对辐射损伤小鼠造血功能的影响%Effect of New Si-wu Capsules on Hematopoietic Function of Irradiated Mice

    谭洪玲; 高月; 马增春; 邵帅; 刘浩生; 洪倩; 王宇光; 梁乾德; 肖成荣; 甄蓓


    Objective To evaluate the hematopoietic function of new Si-wu capsules on low-dose 60Coγ irradiated mice. Methods Balb/c mice were irradiated using 60Coγ resources. Following irradiation, the extract of new Si-wu capsules was administered intragastrically for 7 consecutive days at doses of 20.0,10. 0,5.0 g·kg-1. The normal group and model group were given an equal volume of distilled water. Blood samples were collected from the tail end and the number of peripheral blood cells was counted on day 0,1,4,7,11,14,17 and 23 using a microcell counter. The ability of the colony-forming unit of bone marrow cells and the percentage of CD34 + cells in bone marrow were observed. Results Extracts of new Si-wu capsules could increase the percentage of CD34+ cells and the ability of the colony-forming unit of granulocyte macrophage. High doses of new Si-wu capsules treatment could also improve the ability of erythroid and mixed colony-forming units, new Si-wu capsule could accelerate the recovery of white blood cells and platelets. Conclusion new Si-wu capsule can reverse hematopoietic injury induced by 2.5 Gy 60Coγ irradiation, improve the hematopoietic function of bone marrow and accelerate blood cell recovery.%目的 评价新型四物胶囊对60C0 γ射线所致小鼠造血功能损伤的影响,为该药的临床研究提供参考依据.方法 采用2.5 Gy60C0γ射线全身照射,照后连续给药7d.正常组和模型组给予等体积的蒸馏水,新型四物胶囊高、中、低剂量(20.0、10.0、5.0 g·kg-1)组分别在照前、照后第1、4、7、11、14、17、23天检测外周血象,同时在照后第7天进行CD34+细胞检测、骨髓造血祖细胞集落培养.结果 新型四物胶囊各剂量在造模后7d提高CD34+细胞数,促进CFU-GM增殖,同时高剂量还促进CFU-E、BFU-E及CFU-Mix增殖;第7~14天显著升高白细胞与血小板数.结论 新型四物胶囊可有效改善60C0 γ射线对小鼠所致的造血损伤,提高骨髓造血功能,

  11. 盾上的痕迹:吴岸诗歌中的本土实践与身份确立%Traces on the Shield:Native Practices and the Establishment of Identity in Wu An ’s Poetry



    吴岸从1962年《盾上的诗篇》便开始其半个世纪的创作,在砂华文学担任先锋者的角色。对吴岸而言,本土即是砂捞越,其本土书写集中在土地(砂捞越)与个人的回忆与经历。文章核心以吴岸作为砂华文学底下的个体,从本土出发,以书写的独特性展示砂华文学的自主文学场域的可能性。吴岸创作中的本土与现实主义融合并促成思想与空间的交织,形成土地与世界两面维度的接轨,展示具“本土世界观点”的文学。%With his collection, Poems on a Shield, in 1962, Wu An began his career of writing for half a century, playing the role of an avant-garde in Sarawak. For Wu, his native country is Sarawak, and his native writing focuses on his personal memory and experience in his native country(Sarawak). This article centres around Wu An, who, in his unique writing, shows the possibility of the autonomous literary site in Sarawak literature as an individual at the bottom of that literature and from a native point of view. The merging of the native and realism in Wu’s writings that makes it possible for thought and space to be interwoven has bi-dimensionally integrated the land and the world in showing a literature of“native world views.”

  12. 中风偏瘫应用补阳还五汤加味治疗的临床分析%Clinical analysis of Bu Yang Huan Wu soup modified in the treatment of stroke hemiplegia



    目的:探讨补阳还五汤加味治疗中风偏瘫的临床效果.方法:收治中风偏瘫患者120例,随机分成对照组和观察组各60例,对照组给予脑血康片治疗,观察组给予补阳还五汤加味治疗.结果:观察组治疗总有效率明显高于对照组(P<0.05);观察组治疗后运动及语言表达功能改善程度均优于对照组(P<0.05).结论:补阳还五汤加味治疗中风偏瘫效果显著,可有效改善患者运动、语言表达功能及神志状态.%Objective:To investigate the clinical effect of Bu Yang Huan Wu soup modified in the treatment of stroke hemiplegia. Methods:120 patients with stroke hemiplegia were selected,they were randomly divided into the control group and the observation group with 60 cases in each group,the patients in the control group were given the cerebral blood kang tablet treatment,the observation group were given Bu Yang Huan Wu soup modified treatment.Results:The total effective rate of the observation group was significantly higher than that of the control group(P<0.05);the improvement of the movement and language expression after treatment was better than that of the control group(P<0.05).Conclusion:The effect of Bu Yang Huan Wu soup modified in the treatment of stroke hemiplegia is remarkable,it can improve the patients' movement,language expression function and the state of consciousness effectively.

  13. Investigation on version and author of Zeng bu shi wu ben cao bei kao (Augmented Dietary Materia Medica for Investigation)%《增补食物本草备考》版本及作者考

    郑洪; 廖春红


    Zeng bu shi wu ben cao bei kao,a masterpiece of Guangdong dietary materia medica works,has a variety of different versions.Based on our investigation on the existing versions,it is claimed that the statement in Zhong guo zhong yi gu ji zong mu (General Catalogues of Chinese Ancient Books),showing the first version of this book to be the version at the “renzi year of Emperor Yongzheng”,is wrong.We infer that the author of Zeng bu shi wu ben cao bei kao,HE Kejian and that of Sheng cao yao xing bei yao,HE Jian,is the same person.However,the former book is mainly a book on HE Ke-jian' s experiences sorted by HE Sheng-xuan on the basis of Shi wu ben cao hui zuan,and probably it maybe initially carved in 1738.%《增补食物本草备考》为广东食物本草类著作的代表作,现有多种版本存世,经考察,《中国中医古籍总目》著录该书最早版本为“雍正壬子”之说有误.此书署名作者何克谏与《生草药性备要》署名作者何谏为同一人.此书系何省轩整理何克谏经验,以《食物本草会纂》为蓝本辑编而成,可能初刻于1738年.

  14. Application of Wu Qin Xi in nursing rehabilitation of shoulder joint dysfunction%谈五禽戏在肩关节功能障碍康复护理中的应用

    熊惠秀; 董鸿雁; 潘绵; 傅秋媛; 胡克萍


    目的:探讨五禽戏在肩关节功能障碍患者康复护理中的应用。方法:选取采用常规护理的肩关节障碍患者30例,作为对照组;另选取采用常规护理加五禽戏锻炼的肩肘肩关节障碍患者30例,作为观察组。比较两组肩关节障碍患者的护理疗效。结果:观察组患者护理疗效明显优于对照组(P<0.05);两组比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论:在护理干预中加入五禽戏锻炼对肩关节障碍患者提高肩关节的功能具有重要意义,可明显促进患者肩关节功能的恢复。%Objective: To explore application of Wu Qin Xi in nursing rehabilitation of shoulder joint dysfunction. Method: 60 patients were divided into the control group and the observation group, 30 cases for each group. The control group received conventional nursing, while the observation group received Wu Qin Xi exercise more. The nursing effect of two groups of patients were compared. Results: the effects of the observation group was better than that of the control group (P<0.05), the difference between the two groups was statistically significant (P<0.05).Conclusion: nursing rehabilitation combined with Wu Qin Xi exercise had a resignificant effect on treating shoulder joint dysfunction.

  15. Acculturation and Transformation:Immigration and Wu Yue,Guan Dong Regional Wushu Cul ture%涵化与蜕变:移民与吴越、关东地域武术文化

    丁丽萍; 徐烈


    Based on the perspective of cultural acculturation theory ,with basic theory and meth‐od of culture ,history as research method ,the effect of immigration flows on evolution of Wu Yue and Guan Dong wushu culture in historical period as the main research object ,this paper aimed to reveal the phenomenon of North and South China wushu culture and its reasons by comparison .The study concluded that 1 ) From the migration time ,Wu Yue region has the characteristics of early contact time and long term acculturation by Han immigrants culture compared with Guan Dong region .2 ) Migration properties comparison of Wu Yue and Guan Dong region ,one is in the advantage of the elite culture ,the other is the underlying non elite culture group .3) Migration time and characteristics of immigrants make acculturation degree of Wu Yue regional wushu culture different from the Guan Dong region ,thus forming a regional Wushu culture phenomenon of “South is Wen and North is Wu” .%从文化涵化理论视角出发,运用文化学、史学的基本理论与方法,以历史时期中吴越、关东地域发生的移民流动而引起的该地域武术文化的演变为主要研究对象,通过比较以期揭示中国武术文化的南北现象及其形成之因。研究认为,从移民迁移时间来看,吴越与关东地域相比,受到汉族移民文化的涵化具有接触时间早、持续时间长的特征。从移民性质来看,吴越与关东地域相比,一种是居于优势的上层精英文化群体,一种是底层的非精英文化群体。移民的迁移时间和性质使吴越地域武术文化的涵化程度异于关东地域,从而形成了“南文北武”的地域武术文化现象。

  16. 豆瓣兰的无菌播种与快速繁殖%Asepsis Sowing and in vitro Propagation of Cymbidum serratumr(Schltr)Y.S.Wu et S.C.Chen

    卜朝阳; 何荆洲; 闭志强; 董伟清; 严华兵


    @@ 1 植物名称豆瓣兰[Cymbidum serratum(Schltr)Y.S.Wu et S.C.Chen]. 2 材料类别种子. 3 培养条件种子萌发培养基:(1)MS+1 mg·L~(-1)BAP+10%椰子水;(2)改良Kyoto+1 mg·(-1)BAP+10%椰子水;(3)1/3MS+1 mg·L~(-1)BAP+10%椰子水.

  17. 炙甘草汤加减配合胺碘酮治疗慢性心力衰竭312例疗效观察%Curative effect observation of Zhi Gan Cao decoction adjusted with amiodarone in the treatment of 312 cases of chronic cardiac failure

    李玉红; 王立娜; 崔骞


    目的:观察炙甘草汤加减配合胺碘酮治疗慢性心力衰竭情况。方法:将慢性心力衰竭患者312例按随机数字表法分为观察组160例(炙甘草汤加减配合胺碘酮组)与对照组152例(胺碘酮组)。随访6个月,观察两组总有效率和复发率情况。结果:观察组总有效率98%,复发率10.22%;对照组总有效率82%,复发率32.9%。两者差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论:在预防慢性心力衰竭的复发方面,炙甘草汤加减配合胺碘酮优于单纯应用胺碘酮,值得在临床中推广应用。%Objective:To observe Zhi Gan Cao decoction adjusted with amiodarone in the preventment of recurrence of chronic cardiac failure.Methods:According to random number table method,312 patients with chronic cardiac failure were divided into the observation group in 160 cases(Zhi Gan Cao decoction adjusted with amiodarone group)and the control group in 152 cases(amiodarone group).After 6 months of follow up,the recurrence rates of premature beat in the two groups were observed. Results:In the observation group,the total effective rate was 98%,and the recurrence rate was 10.22%.In the control group, the total effective rate was 82%, and the recurrence rate was 32.9%.The difference was statistically significant(P<0.05).Conclusion:In the preventment of recurrence of chronic cardiac failure,Zhi Gan Cao decoction adjusted with amiodarone is better than the simple application of amiodarone.It is worth of popularization and application in clinical.

  18. 蒙药嘎日迪乌日勒毒理研究%Toxicological research on traditional Mongolian medicine Ga-Ri-Di-Wu-Ri-Le

    韩志强; 徐艳华; 娜日苏; 安达; 巴图德力根


    Objective To observe the acute toxicity and long term toxicity of traditional Mongolian medicine Ga -Ri-Di-Wu-Ri-Le ( GRD-WRL).Methods Acute toxicity experiment:Mice LD50 experiment was applied to observe the toxic reaction and death of mice .Long term toxici-ty experiment:Rats were treated with different dosage of GRD -WRL for 12 weeks and observe the blood routine , blood biochemistry , viscera in-dex and histopathological changes after drug withdrawal and 2 weeks after drug withdrawal.Results The LD50 of acute toxicity experiment was 2.96 g? kg -1 , 95% confidence lower limit was 2.60 g? kg -1 , upper limit was 3.36 g? kg -1 , was 177.5 times greater than adult dosage . After 12 weeks of long term experiment , no abnormal change observed in blood routine , blood biochemistry , viscera index at 12 weeks of medica-tion and 2 weeks after drug withdrawal .No pathological changes observed in histopathologicalHE staining of tissue .Conclusion The LD50 of GRD-WRL is 2.96 g? kg -1 , is low toxic drug and no chronic toxic or delayed toxic observed .%目的 观察蒙药嘎日迪乌日勒的急性毒性和长期毒性. 方法 急性毒性实验,用小鼠LD50方法,观察小鼠的毒性反应及死亡情况;长期毒性实验,不同剂量嘎日迪乌日勒连续给药12周、给药结束和停药2周时,测试血常规、血生化、脏器系数及病理组织学变化. 结果 急性毒性实验LD50为2.96 g? kg-1 , 95%可信下限为2.60 g? kg-1、上限为3.36 g? kg-1 ,为成人临床用量的177.5倍. 长期毒性实验,给药12周和停药2周后,血常规、血生化、脏器系数均未见明显异常改变,各脏器HE染色未见明显病理改变. 结论 嘎日迪乌日勒LD50为2.96 g? kg-1 ,属于低毒性药物,无明显的慢性毒性反应和延缓毒性反应.

  19. 吴泽霖贵州苗夷社会研究及其贡献初论%The Research on the Society of Miao and Yi People in Guizhou by Wu Zelin and His Achievements

    王晓峰; 赵定东


    Under the guidance of the approach of the modern ethnology and based on the understanding of racial issues in American, Wu Zelin studies the society of Miao and Yi people systematically with the approaches of fieldwork and residual and the perspectives of weddings,funerals,women and religions etc..Wu makes great achievements focusing on Miao people.Wu′s ideas including collective identity and the criticism of nationalism push the development of Chinese sociology.%在现代民族学理论方法的指导下和认识美国种族问题的基础上,吴泽霖先生审视中国少数民族并应用田野调查法、残余分析法等方法,对苗夷社会进行了系统的研究,其内容涵盖了婚丧、妇女、宗教等社会各个方面,其中尤以苗族研究最为突出,可谓成果卓著。吴泽霖先生“小集体认同”“大民族主义批判”等理论观点的提出,更进一步推动了中国社会学的发展。

  20. Qualitative screening of absorbed indoloquinazoline alkaloids and their metabolites in rat plasma after the oral administration of Wu-Zhu-Yu decoction by high-resolution mass spectrometry with multiple data mining algorithms.

    Xu, Huarong; Geng, Yajing; Liu, Ran; Yuan, Ziyue; Liu, Xujia; Li, Qing; Bi, Kaishun


    A rapid and sensitive liquid chromatography with high-resolution mass spectrometry method with multiple data processing algorithms was developed and applied for the metabolite profiling of evodiamine and its analogous alkaloids in rat plasma after the administration of Wu-Zhu-Yu decoction. All samples were purified using hydrophilic-lipophilic balanced solid-phase extraction cartridges and analyzed by a Sciex TripleTOF 5600(+) mass spectrometer with a 35 min liquid chromatography gradient elution. High-resolution full-scan mass spectrometry and information-dependent acquisition tandem mass spectrometry data were analyzed using multiple data processing approaches. The results indicated that the detected eight prototype alkaloids could be metabolized to 58 metabolites through both phase I and phase II reactions. Oxidation was demonstrated to be the principle metabolic pathway of the parent compounds. The study contributes to the understanding of the absorption and metabolism of the alkaloids in Wu-Zhu-Yu decoction and provides a detailed analysis of scientific data. © 2016 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  1. Test Slightly on Silk Ancient Roads Dances Horse and Ma Wu Activity Inquisition and the Modern Remains%丝绸古道上的舞马与马舞活动的现代遗存考略

    张新辉; 赵凤霞; 朱梅新


    This text with history angle of view ancient to silk way creation and evolution of the horse and Ma3 Wu3 activity of the ancient generation athletics cultural phenomenon dance carried on to delineate to test to say with Chien slightly and objectively recovered to dance a horse and Ma3 Wu3's activity of basic outline and modern loose to save of dynamic state circulate track, make ancient athletics in Western Regions and Central plains the region communicate of historical fact and history view can body now, and pay attention to the reality existence that it spreads up to now.%本文以历史视角对丝绸古道上古代体育文化现象舞马和马舞活动的产生和演进进行勾勒和简略考述,客观地复原了舞马和马舞活动的基本轮廓与现代遗存的动态运行轨迹,使西域古代体育与中原地区交流的史实与史观得以体现,并注重其流传至今的现实存在。

  2. 差比序列视角下“不是A但是/只是/而是B”之比较%Comparison of “Bu Shi(不是) A Dan Shi(但是)/Zhi Shi(只是)/Er Shi(而是) B”from the View of Semantic Gap Sequence



    语言中的某些词或词组可以形成一个差比序列。将不同差比序列项分别嵌入“不是A但是/只是/而是B”框架,对其嵌入条件、语义内涵和否定类别分别加以比较,可从新的视角发现这三个框架深层次的区别与联系。%Some words and phrases can form a semantic gap sequence. By inserting different items of the sequence into the structures of “bu shi A dan shi/ zhi shi/ er shi B”, this paper compares their inserting conditions, semantic connotations and negative catego-ries, finding out some underlying similarities and differences of the three structures from a new angle of view.

  3. 救脑益智方剂水提液对人神经母细胞瘤株SH-SY5Y细胞的保护作用%Protective effect of the traditional Chinese medicine prescription, Jiu Nao Yi Zhi water extract, on human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cell line

    张景燕; 张静爽; 曹子青; 赵志炜; 张旭; 吴燕川; 王玉兰; 王蓉


    Objective To observe the protective effect of the traditional Chinese medicine prescription, Jiu Nao Yi Zhi water extract, on human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cell line, its effect on expression of insulin signal transduction pathway, and to explore the related mechanisms.Methods SH-SY5Y cells cultured in vitro, were divided into control group, Jiu Nao Yi Zhi No.1 prescription group and No.3 prescription group.The doses were 0.0625 mg/mL, 0.125 mg/mL, 0.25 mg/mL, 0.5 mg/mL and 1 mg/mL.The thiazolyl blue ( MTT) metabolic rate of each group was determined.The dose of 0.125 mg/mL was chosen for cell immunofluorescence analysis, and to observe the expression of insulin receptor substrates-1 ( IRS-1 ) , cAMP response element binding protein ( CREB ) , and the factors of insulin signal transduction pathway.Results Compared with the control group, MTT metabolic rates of the Jiu Nao Yi Zhi groups were significantly increased (P<0.05), and the cell morphology was much better in those groups, cell body more plump, well-adherent and neurite extensions were observed.The expressions of IRS-1 and CREB were higher than that in the control group.Conclusions The traditional Chinese medicine prescription Jiu Nao Yi Zhi water extract can protect neurons by promoting nerve cell growth, and improving the expression of IRS-1 and CREB, the factors of insulin signal transduction pathway.%目的:通过观察复方中药救脑益智方剂水提液对人神经母细胞瘤株SH-SY5Y细胞生长以及胰岛素信号通路的影响,探讨其对神经细胞保护作用的机制。方法体外培养SH-SY5Y细胞,分为对照组( C组)、救脑益智1号方组和3号方组,每组药物剂量分别为0.0625 mg/mL、0.125 mg/mL、0.25 mg/mL、0.5 mg/mL和1 mg/mL,测定各组细胞的噻唑蓝( MTT)代谢率,选定0.125 mg/mL进行细胞免疫荧光染色,观察细胞形态和胰岛素受体底物-1(IRS-1)、cAMP反应元件结合蛋白(CREB)表

  4. 浅析越南汉文历史小说《皇黎一统志》中蕴含的礼仪制度和文化%Analysis About the Etiquette System and Culture Contained in the Vietnamese Historical Novel"Huangli YiTong Zhi"Wrote in Chinese



      Huangli YiTong Zhi not only as the most representative of the highest literary achievements work in Vietnamese history, but also as an important literature material which recorded the etiquette system and culture in ancient China. It has high value for study the relationship between ancient Chinese culture and Vietnamese culture.%  《皇黎一统志》作为越南汉文小说中最具代表性且文学成就最高的作品,也是记载中国古代的礼仪制度和文化在越南的传承和发展的重要文献资料,对研究古代越南与中国文化上的关联有较高价值。

  5. Content determination of dehydrated andrographolide and geniposide in QingHuoZhiMai pills by HPLC%HPLC法测定清火栀麦滴丸中脱水穿心莲内酯和栀子苷的含量

    杨其波; 丘琴; 甄汉深; 吴雪娇


    Objective To discuss the content of dehydrated andrographolide, geniposide in QingHuoZhiMai dripping pills by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Methods The content of dehydrated androgra-pholide, geniposide was determined by HPLC, with C18 elite (4.6 mm×200 mm, 5 m) as chromatographic column, meth-anol-water (55:45) as the mobile phase and 250 nm as the detection wavelength for dehydrated andrographolide, acetoni-trile-water (13:87) as the mobile phase and 238 nm as the detection wavelength for geniposide. Results Dehydrated an-drographolide in QingHuoZhiMai dripping pill has a good linear relationship in the range of 0.20~1.26μg (r=0.999 9), and the average recovery rate was 98.14%. Geniposide in QingHuoZhiMai dripping pill has a good linear relationship in the range of 1.59~6.46μg (r=0.999 9), and the average recovery rate was 97.36%. Conclusion HPLC presents a fast, simple, and accurate way for detecting the content of dehydrated andrographolide, geniposide in QingHuoZhiMai drip-ping pills, which is worthy of clinical application.%目的:采用高效液相色谱法(HPLC)测定清火栀麦滴丸中脱水穿心莲内酯和栀子苷含量。方法采用高效液相色谱法(HPLC),以依利特C18(4.6 mm×200 mm,5μm)为色谱柱,以甲醇-水(55:45)为脱水穿心莲内酯的流动相,250 nm为脱水穿心莲内酯的检测波长,以乙腈-水(13:87)为栀子苷的流动相,238 nm为栀子苷的检测波长对清火栀麦滴丸中脱水穿心莲内酯、栀子苷含量进行测定。结果经HPLC法测定,清火栀麦滴丸中的脱水穿心莲内酯在0.20~1.26μg范围区间内具有良好的线性关系(r=0.9999),平均回收率为98.14%。清火栀麦滴丸中的栀子苷在1.59~6.46μg范围区间内具有良好的线性关系(r=0.9999),平均回收率为97.36%。结论高效液相色谱法(HPLC)可以快速、简便、准确地测定清火栀麦滴丸中脱水穿心莲内酯、栀子苷的含量,值得应用。

  6. 《治百病方》不等于《武威汉代医简》%Zhi bai bing fang (Recipes for All Diseases) not identical with Wuwei Han dai yi jian (Wuwei Medical Bamboo Slips of Han Dynasty)



    1972年甘肃省武威县出土的汉代简牍,包括2种竹简和1种木牍,由隶书和章草2种字体书写,竹简分别编联,木牍未曾编联,具体内容可分医方、日书、药价3个方面.种种现象表明,这批简牍并非纯一的书籍或资料,“治百病方”只是其中1种竹简的名称.而有《中国医学史》教材和工具书在介绍《治百病方》和《武威汉代医简》时,将二者完全等同而论,实属以偏概全,有失妥当,应予更正.%The Han medical bamboo slips unearthed from Wuwei County,Gansu Province in 1972 included 2 kinds of bamboo slips and a wooden tablet,written with li calligraphy and zhangcao script.The bamboo slips was organized and bound as a series,while the wooden tablet wasn' t.The contents were related to medical recipes,almanacs and price of drugs.Various phenomena reflected that these slips and tablet were not merely a whole book or materials,and the Zhi bai bingfang was but a tide of one of the bamboo slips.However,Wuwei Han dai yi jian and Zhi bai bing fang sometimes were regarded as an identical one in some teaching materials of History of Chinese Medicine or reference books,which was an incorrect and one -sided information,and should be corrected.

  7. Ecological Prose“The Cambridge I Know”by Xu Zhi-Mo and His Ecological Ideal%论徐志摩生态散文《我所知道的康桥》及其生态理想



      徐志摩《我所知道的康桥》是中国现代生态散文的代表作。作家以留学剑桥大学的生活体验为书写对象,描绘了一幅自然与人文和谐统一的校园生态画卷,表现了作家热爱自然、崇尚生命、向往自由、追求本真的生态理想。徐志摩生态观的形成不仅受到江南地域生态文化与中国传统生态观念的浸润,还受到受西方浪漫主义文学思潮与剑桥大学校园生态文化的滋养。%The Cambridge I know by XU Zhi-Mo is a masterpiece of modern Chinese ecological prose. Set on his life in University of Cambridge, the essay draws a picture of a campus where human is harmonious with nature, and expresses the writer’s ecological ideal for nature, life, freedom and inwardness. The ecological viewpoint of XU Zhi-Mo is not only affected by ecological culture in South China and traditional Chinese ecological concept, but also by ecological thought of the western romanticism literary trend and ecological culture of the University of Cambridge.

  8. Comparison of Nephrotoxicity Induced By MongolianMeng-Gen-Wu-Su (Mercury) Processed Products, MongolianMeng-Gen-Wu-Su(Mercury)-18-Composition Pill and Mercuric Sulfide, Mercuric Chloride and Mercurous Chloride%蒙药孟根乌苏(水银)炮制品、孟根乌苏(水银)-18味丸与硫化汞、氯化汞、氯化亚汞急性毒性的比较研究

    佟海英; 范盎然; 白亮凤; 于雪; 乌吉斯古冷; 李婧; 张月; 呼日乐巴根


    目的:对比研究孟根乌苏(水银)炮制品、孟根乌苏(水银)-18味丸与硫化汞、氯化汞、氯化亚汞对大鼠单次给药后的急性毒性.方法:将Wistar雄性大鼠,根据体重随机分为正常对照组、孟根乌苏(水银)炮制品低、高剂量组(0.033,0.33 g·kg-1·d-1)、孟根乌苏-18味丸低、高剂量组(0.29,2.9 g·kg-1·d-1)、孟根乌苏-18味丸简化方组(0.26 g·kg-1·d-1)、硫化汞组(17.39 mg·kg-1·d-1)、氯化汞组(4.06 mg·kg-1·d-1)、氯化亚汞组(35.3 mg·kg-1·d-1)共9组,每组6只.各组大鼠适应1周后,灌胃给药1次,24 h后取材,分别检测肝肾功能,肝肾组织形态学变化;并用电感耦合等离子体发射光谱仪(ICP-OES)和电感耦合等离子体质谱仪(ICP-MS)法测肾汞蓄积量;原位末端标记(TUNEL)法测肾细胞凋亡;免疫组化法测肾Ⅲ型胶原蛋白表达;实时荧光定量PCR(Real-Time-PCR)法检测肾脏MT-1、MT-2基因表达的变化.结果:各组大鼠血清ALT、AST检测结果与正常对照组相比无统计学意义(P>0.05).氯化亚汞组大鼠血清CREA和UREA均明显高于正常对照组和孟根乌苏炮制品低剂量组(P0.05). CREA and UREA in mercurous chloride group were apparently higher than normal control group and low dose group of Meng-Gen-Wu-Su processed products (P<0.01). Hepatic and renal pathologic examination results showed that liver cell of low dose groups ofMeng-Gen-Wu-Su processed products andMeng-Gen-Wu-Su-18-composition pill swelled to a low degree and glomerular disease was not obvious. In high-dose groups ofMeng-Gen-Wu-Su processed products,Meng-Gen-Wu-Su-18-composition pill and mercuric sulfide group, liver and kidney appeared some pathological changes and such changes were more significant in mercuric chloride and mercurous chloride groups. Compared with normal control group and low dose group ofMeng-Gen-Wu-Su processed products, the mercury kidney volume in mercuric chloride and mercurous chloride groups increased

  9. Research on Treatment of Tanreqing Injection Combined with Antibiotics for Patients with Ventilator Associated Pneumo-nia(type of TanReYongFei)%痰热清注射液联合抗生素治疗呼吸机相关性肺炎(痰热壅肺证)的研究

    陈基敏; 奚耀


    Objective :To investigate the treatment effects of Tanreqing injection combined with antibiotics for patients with ventilator associated pneumonia(VAP)(type of TanReYongFei) .Methods :96 VAP patients(type of TanReYong‐Fei)were randomly divided into two groups ,experimental group of 51 cases and control group of 45 cases .The cases of control group were treated with antibiotics as well as support therapy .The cases of experimental group were treated with Tanreqing injection (20ml one day) for besides for those therapies as well .The therapy course of both groups was 10 days .The result of these therapies ,clinic pulmonary infection score(CPIS) ,acute physiology and chronic health eval‐uation Ⅱ(APACHEⅡ) score ,days of mechanical ventilation ,the rate of successful weaning for the first time ,serum level of C reaction protein (CRP) and procalcitonin (PCT ) were compared respectively between the two groups .Re‐sults:The efficiency of experimental group was superior to that of control group (P0 .05) .The side effect was low in both groups .Conclusion:The treatment effect of Tan‐reqing injection combined with antibiotics for VAP patient (type of TanReYongFei)is better than that of using antibiot‐ics o nly .%目的:探讨痰热清注射液联合抗生素治疗呼吸机相关性肺炎(VAP)(痰热壅肺证)患者的临床疗效。方法:将96例V A P (痰热壅肺证)患者随机分为实验组(51例)对照组(45例),所有患者均常规使用抗生素及支持对症治疗,实验组患者在此基础上给予痰热清注射液20ml静脉滴注,1次/d ,疗程10d;比较2组患者的临床疗效、临床肺部感染评分(CPIS)、APACHEⅡ评分、机械通气时间、首次脱机成功率及血浆C反应蛋白(CRP)、降钙素原(PCT )的水平。结果:实验组临床疗效优于对照组(P<0.05);2组患者治疗后CPIS、机械通气时间及血浆CRP、PCT水平比较,差异有显著性(P<0

  10. From the"Chen Yong-zhou incident"to talk about the influence of news occupation ethics on media credibility%从“陈永洲事件”谈新闻职业操守对媒体公信力的影响



    记者收受钱财,代人捉刀,成为商业恶性竞争的一步棋子,近年来屡见不鲜。而当真相赤裸裸的展现在世人面前时,媒体的公信力也正逐渐淹没在公众的质问和声讨中,“陈永洲事件”的轰动效应可见一斑。新媒体时代,公共信息愈发透明清晰,刻意隐藏真相反而显得欲盖弥彰,这也敦促着媒体人作为社会之公器,讲真话,办实事,坚守新闻伦理,秉持最基本的专业素养和职业操守,才能挽救岌岌可危的公信力。%The reporter receive money, the ghost, a row of commercial competition, in recent years It is often seen. But when the truth naked show in the world, the credibility of the media is also gradually submerged question in public and condemn,"remarkable sensation Chen Yong-zhou events". The new media era, public information more transparent and clear, deliberately hiding the truth becomes clearer, this also urged the media as a social justice, to tell the truth, do solid work, adhere to the news ethics, uphold the basic professional quality and occupation ethics, in order to save the precarious credibility.

  11. 熟悉的旋律陌生的情感-吴地民间音乐融入校园的实践研究%Familiar Melody, Unfamiliar Emotion:The Practice and Research of Integrating Wu Folk Music into Music Teaching in Junior Middle Schools



    The gentle, elegant, rich and colorful Wu folk music is both familiar and strange to contemporary junior middle school students. The inheritance of the excellent Wu culture lies in schools. The research of integrating Wu folk music into music teaching in junior middle school should start f rom seeking the teaching resources of local music. The study of the curriculum of Wu music needs to be strengthened, and the students are guided to have emotional resonance to the familiar melody in exchange and practice, so that the folk tune and songs of Wu dialect can be passed down from generation to generation, and the foundation of the Chinese nation and the essence of Wu culture can be preserved in globalization.%柔婉清雅又丰厚多姿的吴地民间音乐对于当代中学生来说既熟悉又陌生,优秀吴文化传承的根应该在学校,研究吴地民间音乐融入中学校园,要从挖掘地方音乐教学资源入手,加强吴地音乐的课程化研究,在交流与实践中引导学生在熟悉的旋律中引起亲切的情感共鸣,让吴方言的民间曲调、歌谣能代代传唱下去,在全球化过程中留下吴文化的精、气、神,留住民族的根。

  12. Discussion on Development of Leisure Tourism Products of Intangible Cultural Heritages in WuXi City%论无锡市非物质文化遗产的休闲旅游产品开发

    吴媛媛; 胡其伟; 蒋丽芹


    在概述非物质文化遗产概念,介绍非物质文化与休闲市场的关系的基础上,分析了无锡市旅游休闲产品的现状和存在的问题,指出无锡市休闲产品包括风景名胜、自然山水、城市休闲、乡村生态休闲、文化休闲5种类型,并针对其目前存在的休闲产品结构单一,缺乏参与性与文化性,夜游产品单调且价格偏贵,部分产品设施配套不齐全,消费能力不强的问题,提出基于非物质文化遗产视角的无锡市休闲旅游产品开发的相关主张,强调应利用无锡市非物质文化遗产丰富休闲产品形态,提升现有休闲产品的文化内涵,并为夜游增色,促进休闲消费.%Based upon the brief introduction of the concept of intangible cultural heritage and the relationship between intangible culture and leisure market, the current situation and existing problems of leisure tourism products of WuXi City are analyzed. It points out that there are 5 types of leisure products in WuXi City including scenic spots, natural landscape, urban leisure, rural biological leisure as well as cultural leisure. As for problems of single structure of leisure products, lack of participation and culture, monotonous and unreasonably expensive night travel products, incomplete facilities for certain products, and weak consumption ability, some relevant propositions on leisure tourism products of WuXi City from the angle of intangible cultural heritage are made, emphasizing to take advantage of the various forms of leisure products in order to enhance the cultural connotation of the present leisure products, add charm to night travel, and boost leisure consumption.

  13. Codelivery of curcumin and doxorubicin by MPEG-PCL results in improved efficacy of systemically administered chemotherapy in mice with lung cancer

    Wang BL; Shen YM; Zhang QW; Li YL; Luo M; Liu Z; Li Y.; Qian ZY; Gao X; Shi HS


    Bi-Lan Wang,1,* Yong-mei Shen,1,3,* Qiong-wen Zhang,1,* Yu-li Li,1 Min Luo,1 Ze Liu,1,2 Yan Li,1 Zhi-yong Qian,1 Xiang Gao,1 Hua-shan Shi1,2 1State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy and Cancer Center, West China Hospital, West China Medicine School, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, 2State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy and Department of Head and Neck Oncology, West China Hospital, West China Medical School, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, 3Sichuang Haoyisheng Pharmacy, Chengdu, People&...

  14. Un imaginaire dévoilé/déphasé. Stratégies narratives et mémoire culturelle dans le roman 54 des Wu Ming

    Matteo Martelli


    Full Text Available This essay analyses the narrative strategies through which cultural memory is portrayed in 54, a novel in which Wu Ming (a collective of four Italian fiction writers suggests a literary mapping of the Fifties. This is obtained by a recovery of a shared imaginary tradition which is close to the reader, mixing fictional and historical characters, films, books, different genres of popular literature. Nevertheless, the rewriting of these imaginary traditions involves their displacement, a presentation which is constantly created from an unusual point of view. Thus, shifting the image of what is already known, the text inquires into several modalities of a questioning about cultural memory and its redefinition in relation to contemporary culture. By focusing on these elements, this study proposes an analysis which starts from the construction of the characters, the role of suspense and the adoption of multiple traditions of novel writing.

  15. 走马楼三国竹简所见“取禾简”解析%An Analysis on the Quhe Slips in the Bamboo Slips of Wu Period



    Quhe (取禾) slips in the bamboo slips of Wu period were a kind of record that the labor in the Qiu(丘)to get corn from the warehouse periodical. The labor at Qiu(丘)was requisite collective by government. It reflected the concrete pattern of forced labor in Sunwu state.%长沙走马楼吴简中出现的“取禾”简反映的是集中在某丘的服役者定期(半月或一个月)向仓领取粮食的记录,这些服役者通常是以丘为单位集体征发的。它反映了孙吴政权征发徭役的具体形态。

  16. 维西香茶菜二萜化学成分及细胞毒活性的研究%Studies on Antitumor Activity Diterpenoids Constituents from Rabdosia weisiensis C. Y. Wu

    杨东娟; 马瑞君; 王莱; 刘国安; 王瀚; 丁兰


    从甘肃产维西香茶菜(Rabdosia weisiensis C.Y.Wu)的干茎叶中分离出5个贝壳杉烷型二萜化合物,用波谱学方法进行了结构鉴定,依次为:Kamebacetal A(工),Kamebanin(Ⅱ),Weisiensin B(Ⅲ),Macrocalyxin D(Ⅳ),Excisanin K(Ⅴ).用SRB法分别进行了体外细胞毒活性测试,结果表明化合物Ⅰ~Ⅴ对癌细胞株Bel-740,HO-8910都具有较强的细胞毒活性.

  17. Retracted: Sirt3 activation attenuated oxidized low-density lipoprotein-induced human umbilical vein endothelial cells' apoptosis by sustaining autophagy by Luo, X, Yang, Z, Zheng, S, Cao, Y and Wu, Y.


    The above article, published online on 05 May 2014 in Wiley Online Library (, has been retracted by agreement between the authors, the journal Editor, Sergio Schenkman, and John Wiley & Sons Ltd. The retraction has been agreed because the authors discovered that the results of section 3 in this paper were irreproducible. In addition, Zhiqiang Yang, a co-author, states conflict of interest in this paper. The authors and publisher apologize for any inconvenience. Reference Luo X, Yang Z, Zheng S, Cao Y, Wu Y (2014) Sirt3 activation attenuated oxidized low-density lipoprotein induced human umbilical vein endothelial cells' apoptosis by sustaining autophagy. Cell Biol Int, © 2017 International Federation for Cell Biology.

  18. 再析吴健雄未获诺贝尔奖的原因%A New Study on the Reasons Why Wu Jian xiong failed to Obtain Nobel Prize

    梁慕宇; 严建新


    20世纪中期,吴健雄最先开展实验验证杨掁宁、李政道提出的弱作用下宇称可能不守恒的假说,并最早取得突破。然而她却未能因此而获得或分享诺贝尔物理学奖。其中一个重要原因是李政道提前透露了吴健雄实验的"初步结果",最终导致她未能独享验证假说的优先权。而吴健雄在实验过程中未能与国家标准局的科学家建立良好的合作关系,使她难以通过诺贝尔评奖委员会的调查关,这可能也是她未能获奖的另一个重要原因。%In mid 20th century,C.S.Wu was the first scientist who experimentally proved the Lee-Yang Hypotheses of parity conservation in weak interactions and made breakthrough firstly.However,she failed to obtain or share Noble Prize in Physics.By analyzing literatures,authors argue that one of the important reasons is Lee's revealing Wu's preliminary observation in her experiment,resulting in her failure to own exclusively the priority of proving Lee-Yang Hypotheses.The poor cooperative relationship between Wu and the scientists of the National Bureau of Standards might be the other reason that made her difficult to pass the investigation held by the Nobel Committee.

  19. 吴贻芳教育思想对当代女大学生培养的启示%The Study on Wu Yi-fang's Education Idea Enlightenment to the Cultivation of College Girls

    樊晶; 李纯蛟


    吴贻芳在担任金陵女子大学校长20余年的办学实践中,形成了独特的女子高等教育思想:鲜明的教育目标———造就女界领袖;明确的人才培养规格———德智体群美全面发展的全人;科学的培养途径———深化课程改革。吴贻芳的教育思想启迪我们,对女大学生的培养应体现时代特点,加强理想信念教育;注重女大学生的全面发展,促使其独立完整人格的形成;持续推进学校课程改革,提高女大学生的社会适应能力。%During the school practice of WuYi-fang as Ginling college' President in more than 20 years, formed the unique women's higher education thought: The education target make bright leader among women;The clear personnel training specifications -- develop all-round morality and strong bodies;The scientific training methods deep the curriculum reform. Wu Yi fang's educational idea enlightenment to us: the cultivation of college girls should reflect the characteristics; strengthen the ideal and faith education; pay attention to the overall development of the college girls, and urge the formation of a whole independent personality; promote continuously curriculum reform in schools; improve college girls' social adaptation.

  20. Journal of Neijiang Normal University%On ZHANG Zhu-po’s Standards of Comment on Characters in Chin Ping Mei:A Case Study of WU Yue-niang and MENG Yu-lou



    In ZHANG Zhu-po’s comments on ChinPing Mei,we can find great difference of commenting between WU Yue-niang and MENG Yu-lou.He took WU as a “wicked good person”and poured blames on her;in contrast,he called MENG a “real good person”and believed that she was the proj ection of the writer herself in the novel.This is because that the commentator merged the feeling of his life and the standards of comment on characters in pursuing certain values into his com-ment.These include three aspects:moral standards of wealth and sex,traditional words and deeds of rite and virtue,positio-ning of literati’s self-regarding images and second wives.%张竹坡批评《金瓶梅》中,对吴月娘和孟玉楼的评价有着较大差异:视吴月娘为“奸险好人”,大加贬斥;称孟玉楼为“真正好人”,认为她是作者本人在小说中的投射。原因在于评点者融入自己身世之感与价值追求所建立的人物品评标准。这主要包括三个方面:财与色的道德尺度、礼与贤的传统言行、继室与文人自喻的形象定位。

  1. The Lost World Exposition Gold Medal -A study on Wu Luheng sundial and compass%失落的世博会金牌奖——吴鲁衡日晷、罗盘考辨



    万安罗盘曾被认定为2010年上海世博会特许商品和行政礼品,媒体纷纷报道这是万安罗盘继1915年获巴拿马世博会金牌奖后再续世博缘。各种文献中对于“万安罗盘获巴拿马世博会金牌奖”的记载却各执一词、互有抵牾。经历史考察及田野调查,1915年应为安徽休宁吴鲁衡毓记出品的日规(晷)在美国巴拿马世博会上获金牌奖。对吴鲁衡日晷、万安罗盘制作技艺进行传承和保护。要避免急功近利的短视做法。%Wan' an compass was designated as the licensed product of The World Exposition 2010 Shanghai China. It's reported that it was the second time for Wan' an compass to gain world exposition gold medal after The World Expo 1915 Panama. Opinions are divided among documents as to the record that Wan" an compass won gold medal in The World Expo 1915 Panama. This paper proves that it was Wu Luheng sundial that gained the World Exposition gold medal in 1915 Panama based on history and field investigation, and suggests that the passed making technique of Wu Luheng sundial and Wan" an compass be on and protected avoiding the shortsighted practice of being eager for instant success and quick profits.

  2. The Practice of Water Purification and Landscape Construction in Wu River Wetland%武河湿地水质净化及景观营造的实践



    This article mainly discusses the concrete project practice of water purification and landscape construction in Wu River Wetland. According to actual conditions of the wetland, cofferdam, dam, sluice and overflow weir of the water conservancy projects are taken to the upstream two river coming water for distribution configuration, making the river flow through the uniform ecological wetland. In wetland areas, all kinds of aquatic plants are scientific configured to achieve the purpose of purifying water quality by using aquatic plants. On the whole the planning and design of the wetland is made with gardening art skills, based on ecological water purification function, to greatly enhance the landscape quality of Wu river wetland, to achieve the unifying of the wetland ecological restoration and landscape construction and to improve the ecological environment of the wetland.%主要论述了武河湿地进行水质净化及景观营造的实践.该项目根据武河湿地场地实际状况,通过围堰、挡水坝、节制闸和溢流堰等各项水利工程对上游2条河水进行重新配水,使河水均匀流经各湿地生态区.在湿地生态区内,科学配置各种水生植物,达到利用水生植物净化水质的目的.对整个湿地的规划设计采用造园艺术手法,在满足水质净化功能的基础上,提高武河湿地的景观效果,达到湿地生态修复与景观营造的统一,改善湿地的生态环境.

  3. 北京大学药学院张强教授获第十届"吴·杨"医学药学研究奖药剂专业一等奖%Professor Qiang Zhang won the first prize of Pharmaceutics of the 10th Wu Jieping-Paul Jansson Award



    @@ October 22nd,2008,the 10th Ceremony of "Wu Jieping Medical Science Award- Paul Jansson Pharmaceu-tical Science Award"was held in Beijing, which is one of the most influential science and technology awards in Chinese medical field.

  4. 杭—甬天然气管道沿线某高边坡稳定性分析与加固方案评价%Stability Analysis and Reinforcement Scheme of a High Slope along Hang-Yong Natural Gas Pipeline



    Based on the elastoplastic finite element and the limit equilibrium theory, this paper discusses and evaluates the stability of a high slope along the Hang-Yong natural gas pipeline and analyses the influence of the strength of structural plane and the working conditions on the stability of slope. The results show that this slope is in creeping state at present and rapid slide may occur in case of heavy rainfall. Dewatering and grouting can both improve the stress state in the slope and enhance the safety margin of a high slope. Especially, if both methods are used in the same time, the safety coefficient of the slope can be 1.61; however, other engineering measures must be adopted to eliminate tensile damage to the trailing edge of the slope. The results provide good basis for choosing rational schemes for slope reinforcement and subsequent safety monitoring.%基于弹塑性有限元和极限平衡理论,研究并评价杭—甬天然气输气管道沿线某高边坡的稳定性,并分析结构面的强度和工作环境对边坡稳定的影响.研究表明:该边坡目前处于蠕滑状态,如遇强降水时将发生急剧滑动;边坡排水和注浆补强皆能改善坡体内应力状态,提高边坡的安全储备,特别是两种方法同时采用可使边坡安全系数达1.61;然而,要消除边坡后缘坡面的拉张破坏必须增加其它工程措施.研究结果为合理选择边坡加固方案和后续的安全监测提供了很好的依据.

  5. 调脂汤对冠心病PCI术后血液流变学及血脂的影响%Effects of TiaoZhi Tang on Blood Lipid and Rheology of the Patients with Coronary Heart Disease After PCI



    Objective:To observe the influence of TiaoZhi Tang on blood lipid and rheology of the patients with coronary heart disease after PCI. Method: One hundred patients were randomly allocated to the observation group and the control group. Both groups received routine treatment of Western Medicine after PCI, the observation group were also administered with TiaoZhi Tang, water decocted, twice per day. The changes of blood lipid and rhe-ology of both groups were observed after treating for one month. Result:High, moderate and low shear viscosity of whole blood, plasma viscosity, hematocrit and other indexes were improved significantly after treating in both groups(P<0.05), the difference was significant between both groups after treating (P<0.05). Total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride(TG), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and oth-ers were improved obviously in both groups after treating (P<0.05), and the improvements of the observation group were superior to that of the control group (P<0.05). Conclusion:TiaoZhi Tang could improve blood rheology and lipid of the patients with coronary heart disease after PCI.%目的:观察调脂汤对冠心病经皮冠状动脉介入术(PCI)后血液流变学及血脂的影响。方法:将100例PCI术后患者随机分为观察组、对照组各50例。2组患者均于PCI术后给予西药常规治疗,观察组加用调脂汤,水煎分服,2次/d。2组均连续治疗1个月,观察2组血液流变学及血脂变化情况。结果:2组治疗后全血高、中、低切黏度,血浆黏度,红细胞压积等指标均明显改善(P<0.05),治疗后2组比较差异显著(P<0.05)。2组治疗后血清总胆固醇(TC)、甘油三酯(TG)、低密度脂蛋白胆固醇(LDL-C)、高密度脂蛋白胆固醇(HDL-C)的等指标均明显改善(P<0.05),且观察组改善优于对照组(P<0.05)。结论:调脂汤可改善冠心病PCI术

  6. Polyethylene glycol–polylactic acid nanoparticles modified with cysteine–arginine–glutamic acid–lysine–alanine fibrin-homing peptide for glioblastoma therapy by enhanced retention effect

    Wu J


    Full Text Available Junzhu Wu,1,2,* Jingjing Zhao,1,3,* Bo Zhang,1 Yong Qian,1 Huile Gao,1 Yuan Yu,1 Yan Wei,1 Zhi Yang,1 Xinguo Jiang,1 Zhiqing Pang1 1Key Laboratory of Smart Drug Delivery, Ministry of Education, Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmacy, Fudan University, Shanghai, 2School of Pharmacy, Dali University, Xiaguan, 3School of Pharmacy, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing, People’s Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Abstract: For a nanoparticulate drug-delivery system, crucial challenges in brain-glioblastoma therapy are its poor penetration and retention in the glioblastoma parenchyma. As a prevailing component in the extracellular matrix of many solid tumors, fibrin plays a critical role in the maintenance of glioblastoma morphology and glioblastoma cell differentiation and proliferation. We developed a new drug-delivery system by conjugating polyethylene glycol–polylactic acid nanoparticles (NPs with cysteine–arginine–glutamic acid–lysine–alanine (CREKA; TNPs, a peptide with special affinity for fibrin, to mediate glioblastoma-homing and prolong NP retention at the tumor site. In vitro binding tests indicated that CREKA significantly enhanced specific binding of NPs with fibrin. In vivo fluorescence imaging of glioblastoma-bearing nude mice, ex vivo brain imaging, and glioblastoma distribution demonstrated that TNPs had higher accumulation and longer retention in the glioblastoma site over unmodified NPs. Furthermore, pharmacodynamic results showed that paclitaxel-loaded TNPs significantly prolonged the median survival time of intracranial U87 glioblastoma-bearing nude mice compared with controls, Taxol, and NPs. These findings suggested that TNPs were able to target the glioblastoma and enhance retention, which is a valuable strategy for tumor therapy. Keywords: CREKA peptide, nanoparticles, retention effect, paclitaxel, glioblastoma

  7. Development Orientation in Leadership Activities of ZHANG Zhi-dong——Thinking on The Theory of Leadership Behavior%张之洞领导活动中的发展之维——基于领导学行为理论的思考

    贾景峰; 贾乾初


    ZHANG Zhi-dong was a leading minister of late Qing dynasty,the forerunner of China's modernization.Analysis from the perspective of modern leadership behavior theory shows that there were many developmental elements in Zhang's leadership activities,which greatly enhanced the effectiveness and promoted the success of his leadership activities.Development is the theme of the times.By analyzing ZHANG Zhi-dong——a particular westernization leader——and his leadership group,it is clear that the development orientation of leadership is the manifestation of transformation and creativity.Leaders with developing strategic thinking are needed not only during historical transient period,but all the time in the progress of human society.%张之洞是晚清重臣,中国近代化之巨擘。从现代领导学行为理论的角度来分析张之洞的领导活动,可以发现,在这位洋务派领袖的领导活动中存在大量发展性的要素,这在很大程度上加强了张之洞领导活动的有效性,促进了其领导活动的成功。发展是时代的主题。通过对张之洞这样一个特定领导者及其领导团体的分析,可以让我们更清晰地看到,领导活动的变革性和创造性集中地表现为领导发展之维,不仅是历史过渡时期需要领导者具备发展性的战略思维,事实上人类社会的进步无时无刻不在呼唤发展的领导。

  8. The result analyzation of the breast cancer and cervical cancer screening of the rural women in Yong Ledian Community%永乐店社区农村妇女乳腺癌和宫颈癌筛查结果分析



    目的:分析永乐店社区农村妇女乳腺癌和宫颈癌筛查结果,找出本地区妇女乳腺癌和宫颈癌发病规律。针对高危人群进行早期筛查,早期治疗,早期干预,以进一步降低乳腺癌和宫颈癌的发生率。方法对永乐店社区服务中心2009年~2013年3次两癌筛查的结果分析,将宫颈癌筛查人群分3个年龄段,分别对异常涂片进行统计分析。将乳腺癌筛查人群分为2个年龄段,从乳腺癌患病人数及患病率进行统计分析。结果在宫颈癌筛查中,25~40岁年龄段组,宫颈上皮内瘤变(CIN)平均检出率161.74/10万,宫颈癌平均检出率为0/10万;41~55岁年龄段组, CIN检出率平均为712.17/10万,宫颈癌平均检出率90.77/10万;56~65岁年龄段组,CIN检出率平均为191.62/10万,宫颈癌检出率平均为0/10万;41~55岁年龄段组的检出率明显高于其他年龄段组,差异具统计学意义(P<0.05)。乳腺癌在35~49岁年龄段组,3次筛查平均检出率20.37/10万;在50~59岁年龄段组,3次筛查平均检出率平均为154.22/10万;50~59岁年龄段组平均检出率明显高于35~49岁年龄段组,差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论宫颈癌及CIN在41~55岁为高发年龄段,乳腺癌在50~59岁为高发年龄段。定期对农村妇女进行筛查尤其是高发年龄段的筛查能有效降低两癌的发生率,节约医疗资源。%Objective To figure out the pathogenetic regularity of the breast cancer and cervical cancer by analyzing the result of the breast cancer and cervical cancer of the rural women in Yong Ledian Community. Then aim for the high risk group to do the screening, treatment and intervention in early period in order to reduce the incident rate of the cancers. Methods Analyze the results from 2009 to 2013 of the breast cancer and cervical cancer screening in Yong Ledian Community. Divided the cervical cancer screening

  9. Rethinking the Growth of Innovative Talents in Globalization Era from the Perspective of Open Online Courses:An Interview with Prof. Yong Zhao%从开放课程谈全球化时代的创新人才培养--访国际教育技术知名学者赵勇教授

    骆力明; 孙众; 魏志慧


    赵勇教授是美国俄勒冈大学知名教授、作家,主要研究全球化教育及教育中的技术应用,曾主持设计致在培养富有全球竞争力的学校体系,开发了支持第二语言学习的大型游戏社区,建立了探索创新教育模式的研究中心。赵勇教授发表100多篇学术文章、20多本专著,获美国教育研究协会( American Educational Research Association,AERA)颁发的早期学术成果奖( Early Academic Career Awards),并被《技术与学习杂志》( Technology & Learning Magazine)评为2010年全球教育技术界最有影响力的十大人物之一。他目前任国际教育学会的理事、美国俄勒冈大学教育学院副院长、全球教育部主席,同时兼任教育评价、政策和领导力系教授。  本次访谈围绕MOOCs、全球化校园、创新人才培养及青年学者发展等主题展开。%Dr. Yong Zhao is an internationally known scholar, author, and speaker. His works focus on the implica-tions of globalization and technology on education. Other than designingprograms to cultivate global competence. he has developed computer games for language learning and has founded research and development institutions to explore innovative education models. He has published over 100 articles and 20 books. Dr. Yong Zhao is a recipient of the Early Career Award from the American Educational Research Association and was named one of the 2012 10 most in-fluential people in educational technology by the Tech&Learn Magazine. He is an elected fellow of the International Academy for Education. He currently is serving as the Presidential Chair and Director of the Institute for Global and Online Education in the College of Education, University of Oregon, where he is also a Professor in the Department of Educational Measurement, Policy, and Leadership. This interview mainly focuseses on the MOOCs, globalization campus, innovative talents educational model, and scholars' academic development. First

  10. Curative effect of WuHuangYe irrigation on the treatment of non-invasive fungal rhinosinusitis%真菌性鼻窦炎术后五黄液灌洗的干预研究

    刘强; 孙永东; 黄永林; 朱佳丽; 钟伦坤; 吕彩凤; 覃刚


    Objective:To observe the clinical curative effect of WuHuangYe irrigation on non-invasive fungal rhinosinusitis (NIFS)after nasal endoscopic surgery. Methods: By randomized controlled method, 146 effective cases (157 sides) of clinically diagnosed non-invasive fungal rhinosinusitis from two centers were divided into treatment group (73 cases, 80 sides) and control group (73 cases, 77 sides). In treatment group, traditional Chinese medicine WuHuangYe 100 ml was began to irrigate nasal sinuses at the fourth day postoperation once a day in the first month,then,changed to once a week,a total of 3 months for a course of treatment. Physiological saline was used to irrigate nasal sinuses in control group with the same frequency and dose. Every patient received follow-up observation and nasal endoscopy check for 6 months to evaluate curative effect. Results: The total effective rate was 92.3% in the treatment group and 79.2% in the control group with significant difference between two groups (P<0.05). Conclusion:WuHuangYe irrigation after operation can improve the cure rate of noninvasive fungal sinusitis and without toxic effects.%目的:观察真菌性鼻窦炎经鼻内镜鼻窦手术后“五黄液”灌洗鼻腔鼻窦的临床疗效。方法:采用两个中心随机对照试验方法,对临床确诊的真菌性鼻窦炎(属肺经湿热或胆腑郁热证型)146例(157侧)有效病例,其中实验组73例(80侧),使用:内中药制剂“五黄液”灌洗,总量100 ml,术后第4 d开始每天1次,1个月后,改为每周1次,共3月为一个疗程;对照组73例(77侧)采用生理盐水灌洗,频次与剂量同实验组。门诊随访6个月并行鼻内镜检查评估疗效。结果:实验组总有效率92.3%,对照组总有效率79.2%,2组间总有效率差异有统计学意义(孕<0.05)。结论:在真菌性鼻窦炎手术后鼻腔鼻窦内灌洗“五黄液”可提高治愈率,未发现毒副作用。

  11. Wu Jian-xiong's contribution to the history of science and its inspiration%吴健雄在科学史上的贡献与启迪



    Aim To analyze Wu Jian-xiong's main contribution in the history of science and education, study the inspiration of his deeds to young students, and provide new clues for the history of physics research. Methods A-nalysis of the original journal and literature research. Results Wu Jian-xiong's main scientific achievements; overthrowing the parity conservation law in the weak interaction; beine the world authority of the decay experiment; proving the weak vector current conservation law; usine the Mossbauer effect for biological research; supporting the orthodox rule of quantum mechanics, and so on. Conclusion Noble attitudes and values is the soul of the outstanding talents. Wu Jian-xiong was able to become outstanding, made remarkable achievements in the scientific career, one of the most fundamental reasons is because of her noble attitudes and values; dedicated, ready to help, full of; courage and the scientific spirit of innovation; spirit of cooperation and teamwork; focused while keeping wide interests, integrating arts with science sense of mission and responsibility of rejuvenating China and so on.%目的 分析吴健雄在科学史上的主要贡献和教育思想,研究其事迹对青年学生的启迪,为物理学史研究提供新线索.方法 原始期刊文献整理与分析.结果 吴健雄的主要科学成就是:推翻弱作用中的宇称守恒定律;在β衰变实验方面做出突出贡献;证明弱矢量流守恒定律;将穆斯堡尔效应用于生物学研究;支持了量子力学的正统法则等.结论 高尚的情感态度与价值观是杰出人才的灵魂.吴健雄之所以能够成为杰出人才,在科学事业上取得显著成就,其最根本的原因就是因为她有高尚的情感态度与价值观:虚怀若谷、甘为人梯的奉献精神;不畏艰辛、勇于创新的科学态度和科学精神;博专配合、文理渗透的进取精神;在探究中养成的合作精神与团队精神;振兴中华的使命感和责任感等.

  12. 湖州市吴兴区社区体育设施建设的现状调查和分析%Sc Wu Xing district, huzhou city, the status quo of community sports facilities construction

    胡凯; 肖玲


    With the development of society and economy, people's pursuit of healthy living has become more and more urgent, sports facilities, as a kind of economic and functional exercise tool was welcomed by the masses. Quantity and quality of the city sports facilities in residential area is directly related to people's healthy life. And the lack of city community sports fitness facilities is also a common problem. This paper adopted the random sampling of the judgment sampling method to extract the Wu Xing district, huzhou city, twenty community as investigation object, by on-the-spot investigation method and the way of questionnaire survey method, the investigation has carried on the investigation and study of the system. Based on the results of the survey, this article will revolve around Wu Xing district, huzhou city, the present situation of the sports facilities and sports facilities construction problems in the discussion puts forward my own Suggestions aiming at the problems found.%随着社会与经济的发展,人民群众对健康生活的追求越来越迫切,体育设施作为一种经济又实用的锻炼工具受到了广大群众的欢迎。城市居民小区体育设施的数量与质量直接关系到人民群众的健康生活,而城市社区体育健身设施的缺乏也是一个普遍性的问题。本文采用了非随机抽样中的判断抽样法抽取了湖州市吴兴区的二十个社区为调查对象,以实地考察法和问卷调查法相结合的方式,对调查对象进行了系统的调查研究。基于此次调查的结果,本文将围绕湖州市吴兴区体育设施建设的现状和体育设施建设中的问题展开讨论并针对发现的问题提出个人的建议。

  13. On the Root Causes for Emperor Wu of Han to Develop the Southwestern Barbarian Areas%浅谈汉武帝开拓西南夷地区的根本原因



    在两汉边疆思想中对西南夷地区存在着“无用”和“国本”两种相互对立而又紧密联系的思想观念,这一观念之争几乎贯穿了两汉的始终。由于交通和地理环境的影响,西南夷地区一直被汉王朝视其为“无用之地”,而在汉武帝时期西南夷地区却得到了进一步的开拓,并由此奠定了我国疆域基础。通过对汉武帝时期西南夷的基本概况及当时的边疆观的介绍,以及对该时期许多史实的论述,分析了汉武帝当时开拓西南夷地区的根本原因,即西南夷地区的开拓是为征讨南越寻找便捷通道,以及寻找通往大夏的交通线,而不是为了开发西南夷地区的经济资源。%During the West and East Han Dynasty,the southwestern barbarian areas were considered to be both “useless”and “fundamental”to their boundary.Owing to the influence of transportation and geo-graphical environment,the southwestern areas had been taking as useless land by the rulers of Han Dynas-ty.But Emperor Wu explored this area with more efforts,which contributed to the foundation of China's territory.Through the introduction of the basic situation of southwestern barbarian areas and the concept of the frontier at that time,by reviewing the historical recordings,this paper is aimed at discussing the root causes for Emperor Wu to develop the southwestern barbarian area.It is found that the exploration of southwestern area was to get easy access to the expedition to South Vietnam,as well as looking for trans-port to Da Xia,rather than to develop the economic resources in southwestern barbarian areas.

  14. Clinical Experience of Professor WU Sheng-yuan Using Qianyang Fengsui Dan in Treatment of Rheumatism%吴生元教授应用潜阳封髓丹治疗风湿病的经验

    李兆福; 刘维超; 彭江云; 吴生元


    Fengsui Dan first appeared in “Qixiao Liangfang”writed by Dong Su in Ming dynasty and Qianyang Dan was invented by Zheng Qinan in Qing dynasty,but later medical scientists often use the two together,which is called Qianyang Fengsui Dan by Wu Pei-heng. Professor Wu Sheng-yuan is good at using the recipe in treatment of rheumatism. Through compatibility of medicines on the basis of the original prescription(amomum villosum,monkshood,tortoiseshell,liquorice and cortex phellodendri),He can make Qianyang Fengsui Dan have some effects,such as clearing upper-jiao,warming lower-jiao,guiding fire to origin,making Qi belongs to the kidney,supporing Yang Qi and producing Yin jin,etc. It has a good curative effect in treatment of rheumatism,such as heat in the upper and cold in the lower syndrome,and cold-heat complex syndrome resulted by nonhoming lower-jiao archaeus and flaming of asthenia-fire,so which is worth further studying and spreading.%封髓丹首见于明·董宿《奇效良方》,潜阳丹为清·郑钦安所创,后世医家常将二者合方应用,吴佩衡称之为“潜阳封髓丹”。吴生元教授擅用潜阳封髓丹治疗风湿病,在原方的基础上(砂仁、附子、龟板、甘草、黄柏)加减配伍,能清上温下,引火归元,纳气归肾,助阳生津,对于下元不藏、虚火上浮之上热下寒、寒热错杂之风湿病具有良好的疗效,值得深入研究和推广应用。

  15. 《啰哩回回——元代的吉普赛人》证补——纪念杨志玖先生归真10周年%Supplementary Exploration of Luoli Hui: Yuan Dynasty Gypsies: the Commemoration of the 10th Anniversary of Professor Yang Zhi.jiu' s Passing



    The masterpiece Luoli Hui: Yuan Dynasty Gypsies was written during the latter years of ProfessorYang Zhi-jiu and won high honor in scholarship circles. Based on Prof. Yang' s publication, this paper attempts to continue developing the principles he expounded and takes a step in deepening the research regarding the Gypsies inChina while also serving as a personal memorial to Prof. Yang who passed away 10 years ago.%《啰哩回回——元代的吉普赛人》是杨志玖先生晚年的一篇名作,发表后学界多有赞誉。本文在杨先生之作的基础上,沿着杨先生论文的思路,作进一步的探寻,试图对中国的吉普赛人问题能稍有深化,也通过此文来表达笔者对杨先生去世10周年的纪念之情。

  16. 腻友南风抱恨长——《聊斋志异》中同性恋现象意蕴探析%The Ouster Intimate with a Gnawing Regret Long ---Implication Analysis of the Phenomenon of Homosexuality in Liao Zhai Zhi Yi



    There are no less than 12 stories involving homosexuality in Liao Zhai Zhi Yi. The arising of these works is closely related to contemporary social sexual fashion and writer's creation mentality. By "Feng San Niang" and "Huang Jiu Lang" which separately describe the male and female homosexuality, Pu Songling sharply taunts and criticizes the masculine homosexuality which prevailed in temporal in detail and direct-striking style. While to the feminine homosexuality story he lodges deep intimate sentiments, the description of which is graceful, restrained, and implicit.%《聊斋志异》中涉及同性恋的作品达十二篇之多。这些作品的出现与当时社会的性爱风气、作家的创作心态密切相关。由《封三娘》和《黄九郎》两篇分别反映男女同性恋的代表性作品可见,蒲松龄对当时社会盛行的男性同性恋给予了辛辣的嘲讽批判,且细笔勾勒,直露显豁;对于女性同性恋故事则寄寓了深沉的知己情怀,叙事婉约而含蓄蕴藉。

  17. 从《弁而钗》、《宜春香质》看明清男风小说的另类美%A Research on Alternative Beauty Showed by Gay Fiction in Ming Qing Dynasties through Bian Er Chai and Yi Chun Xiang Zhi



      A lot of gay fiction appeared with the popular trend of homosexuality and the development of fiction in Ming Qing Dynasties . Taking Bian Er Chai and Yi Chun Xiang Zhi for example , this article discusses the alternative beauty showed by gay fiction in Ming Qing Dynasties ,which is in the theme of gay's love , by way of analyzing the internal of the text and comparing different texts in point of the expected value and narrative mode ,that is to say ,by means of analyzing unique narrative mode and the expected value showed by different texts ,this article is to show gentle nature and everlasting affection of gay fiction in Ming Qing Dynasties .%  明清时期,同性恋蔚然成风,笔记、小说十分发达,因而涌现了众多的男风小说。以《弁而钗》、《宜春香质》为例,通过细读文本、对比不同文本,从文本价值期待及叙事操作等角度,探讨明清时期以男子与男子之间的爱情为题材的男风小说中温文尔雅、情意绵绵的美学特质。

  18. Elite Moral Education: Innovative Practice of Moral Development in Medical Colleges——A Case Study of "Yong Bo" Class of Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine%精英德育:医学院校大学生德育开发的创新实践——以天津中医药大学“勇搏励志班”为例

    朱琳; 郭小学; 黄晓达


    Cultivating medical talents is the everlasting value pursuit of medical colleges. However, the medical elite talents can not be separated from the elite moral education. The connotation of elite moral education is presented clearly, as well as the implementation object. By taking "Yong Bo" class of Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine as an example, the innovative practical implementation path of the elite moral education in medical colleges is presented. It suggests that the implementation be rooted in the top-level system design, industry human resource needs and the training bases.%培养医学精英人才是医学高等院校永恒的价值追求,然而医学精英人才的培养离不开精英德育.通过明晰精英德育的内涵和实施对象,以天津中医药大学“勇搏励志班”为例,探讨医学院校精英德育的创新实践内容和路径,并得到如下启示:精英德育的实施顶层制度设计是保障;行业人力资源需求是导向;培养基地是载体.

  19. Clinical experiences of Professor WU Bing-huang on emergency treatment with acuuressure%吴炳煌教授徒手急救法临床经验介绍

    洪昆达; 万甜; 王林林; 吴明霞


    介绍吴炳煌教授徒手急救法的取穴及操作要点,内容包括昏迷急救法(虚脱、昏厥、血晕、晕针、晕灸或休克等),手法镇痛、镇咳止喘法(包括腹痛、呕吐、腹泻、头痛、牙痛、痛经、腰痛、落枕、咳嗽及哮喘等),并列举了典型病例.%The key points of acupoint selection and manipulations of Professor WU Bing-huang's experiences on emergency treatment with acupressure are introduced.It includes emergency treatment on coma (collapse, faint, faint at the sight of blood, faint during acupuncture, faint during moxibustion, shock, etc.), and pain, cough as well as asthma relieving with acupressure (include abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea, headache, toothache, dysmenorrhea, lumbago,neck stiffness after sleep, cough, asthma, etc.).At the same time, typical cases are given as examples.

  20. 高普运用补阳还五汤治疗糖尿病多汗症经验%The experience of Gao Pu apply Bu Yang Huai Wu decoction in the treatment of diabetes hyperhidrosis



    高普教授认为糖尿病多汗症的基本病机为气阴两虚、气血瘀滞。当以益气养阴、活血化瘀为治则。高教授采用“异病同治”之法,应用益气活血的代表方剂补阳还五汤,合并生脉散、玉屏风散、麦味地黄汤、当归六黄汤等,辨证治疗多汗症获效良多。%Professor Gao Pu considers that the basic pathogenesis of diabetes hyperhidrosis is deficiency of both qi and yin,qi and blood stasis.The treatment principle is tonifying qi and yin,promoting blood circulation to remove blood stasis.Professor Gao use"treating different diseases with same method",apply representative prescription Bu Yang Huai Wu decoction of benefiting qi for activating blood circulation combined with shengmai powders,Yu Ping Feng San,Mai Wei Di Huang decoction, Dangguiliuhuang decoction and so on.Syndrome differentiation and treatment in hyperhidrosis has many effects.

  1. Review on relative research of WuQinXi and primary osteoporosis disease%五禽戏与原发性骨质疏松症相关研究概述

    魏杰; 吴亚东; 郭梁; 刘钟; 何伟涛; 史晓林


    原发性骨质疏松症的主要特征是骨量减少、骨组织微结构破坏、骨脆性增高和骨折危险性增加.而科学合理的运动可有效地增加骨量,延缓骨量丢失,从而起到防治骨质疏松的目的.为更深刻地认识和探讨运动与原发性骨质疏松的关系,笔者从运动防治原发性骨质疏松的机制方面就五禽戏与原发性骨质疏松症相关研究进行综述.%Primary osteoporosis is mainly characteristics of osteopenia, damaged microstructure in bone tissues,increased bone fragility and risk of bone fracture. However, scientific and reasonable exercise can effectively increase the bone mass and postpone the loss of bone mass,and accordingly prevent and cure the osteoporosis. In order to further understand the relation on exercise and osteoporosis,the relative research between WuQinXi and osteoporosis was reviewed from the mechanism of exercise on the prevent and treatment of osteoporosis in this article.

  2. Using“Xiajiquan” Acupoint to Treat Upper Limb Spastic Paralysis by Professor Wu Lian-zhong%武连仲教授妙用“下极泉”治疗上肢痉挛性瘫痪

    吴芬芬; 武连仲; 孟智宏


    脑卒中的致残率较高,严重影响人类生活质量,尤其上肢遗留不同程度的功能障碍.如何较快地恢复上肢尤其是末端的运动功能已成为治疗的重点与难点.针灸在这方面治疗上有相当的优势,某些穴位更有特殊的疗效;临床治疗中,武连仲教授运用独特手法针刺“下极泉”,治疗脑卒中后上肢痉挛性瘫痪,疗效甚佳.%The relatively high incidence of disability that is caused by stroke has seriously affected the quality of human life, especially leaving different degrees of dysfunction over the upper limb. How to regain the function of the upper limb as soon as possible, especially terminal of upper limb, has become the important and difficult points of treatment. Acupuncture has a definite advantage in treating the limb dysfunction, and certain acupoints have special curative effects. In clinic, Professor WU lian -zhong acupunctures "Xiajiquan" with u-nique manipulation to treat upper limb spastic paralysis which is caused by stroke, and it has gained very excellent effect. In this article, the author makes an introduction about the therapeutic method.

  3. Biology and the Dynamic Change of First Generation of Nymphae of Cyamophila willieti Wu Population%国槐木虱生物学及第一代若虫种群数量消长动态研究

    张军; 王鸿喆


    国槐木虱(Cyamophila willieti Wu)在关中中部地区发生危害,造成国槐生长不良,严重影响其观赏价值。该虫主要危害当年生嫩叶、嫩枝,4月底至5月下旬为第一代若虫危害高峰期;种群数量大,树冠南方位数量最高;世代重叠。在若虫盛发初期喷洒40%氧化乐果乳油或50%久效磷乳油1000~1500倍液等,或保护利用瓢虫、草蛉等天敌措施,控制其危害。%Cyamophila willieti Wu. often occurs in the center region of Shaanxi, attacking shoots and young leaves of Sophora japonica. The peak of first generation nymphae is from the late April to mid- dle of May, with nymphae population density biggest in the south crown. At this period, spray 40% Omethoate Ec or 50% Monocrotophos and water in a proportion of 1 : 1000--1500 can be effective. Or biological control applies through protecting natural enemy, such as Ladybird Beetle.

  4. The Cognitive Association of Variable Components and Construction Meanings of“you A wu B”%“有 A无B”变项的认知关联及其构式语义



    “有A无B”是现代汉语中具有较高使用频率的四字格框式结构,该结构中变项的选用与组配需要接受认知关联的条件制约。整体构式表义大致分为双向加合、单向否定、叠加复综、逻辑关联、修辞转移等五种类型,而单体独用、双体合用和双向循环则是其动态语境分布的主要样态。%The four-character frame structure “you A wu B” is often used in modern Chinese.Its choice of variable compo-nents and group is constrained by cognitive association .The overall construction meanings are mainly divided into five types: two-way composite, one-way negative, multiple integration, logic relation and rhetoric transfer.The main distribution patterns in the dynamic context include single-body use, double-body combination and two-way circulation.

  5. 吴晓邦的舞蹈教育生涯及其教育思想初探%A Study on Wu Xiaobang’s Dancing Education Career and Thoughts on Education



    吴晓邦在长期的舞蹈表演和教育生涯中努力探索有中国特色的新舞蹈艺术,并逐渐形成自己独特、全面、丰富的舞蹈教育思想。回顾了吴晓邦的舞蹈教育生涯,进一步挖掘吴晓邦舞蹈教育思想的舞蹈教育实践和理论,以期探讨新时期吴晓邦舞蹈教育思想对中国舞蹈教学的重要意义。%Exploring the new art of dancing with Chinese characteristics during his life-long dancing per-formance and education career,Wu Xiaobang has gradually formed his own thoughts on dancing education with unique and rich connotations.Reviewing Wu’s dancing education career,this paper further probes in-to Wu’s theory and practice of dancing education,trying to reveal the enlightenment of his thoughts to the teaching of dance in the new period of China.

  6. The Comparison Between Xi Linchun's Prelude to Water Melody and Li Qingzhao's Wu Lingchun%李清照《武陵春》与西林春《水调歌头》之比较

    佘军; 马婧伟


    李清照的《武陵春》与西林春的《水调歌头》都是对亡夫以及过往岁月的怀念之作。二词相似性的主题是二人相似性命运的反映,她们都经历过婚姻的美满与破灭、山河沦落的动荡、独自生活的艰难。特别是“婚姻”的不幸对二位词人的人生、诗词创作具有重要的影响。%The content of Li Qingzhao's Wu Lingchun and Xi Linchun's Prelude to Water Melody were the same:missing late husband and the past years.The similar theme of the two Song Poems reflected their similar fate.They both had been in a happy marriage and burst.They experienced the social turbulence and the hardship of living alone.Unfortunate marriage life had important influence on their poetry creation.

  7. 吴怀祺“封建史学二重性”思想探析%Analysis on Wu Huaiqi's Thought of"The Duality of Chinese Feudal Historiography"



    吴怀祺先生在研究中国史学思想史的过程中,发现并总结了中国封建史学二重性的特征。他认为封建史学二重性是真实的历史和虚幻的历史的结合,两者统一在古代典籍中,中国古代多部史书都表现这一特征。认识中国封建史学二重性的特征,重视史学思想的发展,更好地总结中国丰富的史学遗产。%In the process of the research on the Chinese historiography ,M r Wu Huaiqi found and summed up the characteristics of the duality of Chinese feudal historiography .He thought the duality of Chinese feu‐dal historiography is the combination of the real history and the unreal ,w hich are unified in ancient volumes of literature .Learning the duality of Chinese feudal historiography and attaching great importance to the de‐velopment of historical thoughts can help sum up Chinese rich historical heritage better .

  8. HaerWuSu Dense Medium Washing System Shunt Adjusting Device Applications%重介浅槽洗选系统分流调整装置的研制与应用



    介绍了哈尔乌素露天煤矿选煤厂重介浅槽洗选工艺,针对该生产系统中重介质密度调整存在诸多问题,提出技术革新方案。设计了一套适合现场环境、空间使用要求的分流装置,对其工作原理、结构特点以及在生产实践过程中的应用和使用效果进行科学阐述。%this paper introduces open-pit coal WuSu Haer dense medium shallow groove wash process,according to the production systems exist heavy medium density adjusted can not control in effective limits,design of a suitable site environment,space requirements of the use of distributary equipment,its working principle,structural characteristics,in the production practice process application and use effects scientifically elaboration.

  9. 论刘宋孝武帝政治经济改革的努力及其失败%A Study on Political and Economic Reformation of Emperor Xiao-wu in Liu Song Dynasty and Its Failure



    “元嘉之治”后,孝武帝刘骏励精图治,延续文帝的劝农政策,强化君主专制权力,力求恢复元嘉繁荣局面。但是孝武帝的上述努力很难使刘宋恢复到“元嘉之治”的治世水平。国家财政体系发生重大改变,朝廷对地方经济控制力减弱,财政状况持续恶化,币制日益混乱,甚至不得不对地方豪强的经济利益做出重大让步。孝武帝去世后,刘宋王朝在残酷的宗室内战中毁灭。%Emperor Xiao-wu in Liu Song Dynasty continued emperor Wen' s agricultural policy, strengthened despotism power and tried his best to recover the time of peace and prosperity of Yuan Jia after Yuan Jia times. However, it was difficult for him to recover the former glory. Especially, Liu-song Dynasty' s financial system was altered significantly and even it had to concede to local hosts' economic benefit. Liu-Song Dynasty exterminated gradually for cruel battles among royal clans after this emperor.

  10. Morphological descriptions on immature stages of Porisaccus jiuhuaensis (Wu) and the origin of bag-like appendage (Homoptera: Pseudococcidae )%九华囊粉蚧幼期形态描记及其袋状附器来源讨论(同翅目:粉蚧科)




  11. 英文摘要

    Wu Zhi-jie


    English Abstracts of Major Papers in This Issue Toward a Harmony-promoting Theory of Translation by Wu Zhi-jie (Nanjing University of Science and Technology; China Centre for Linguistic and Strategic Studies, Nanjing, China) p.5'

  12. To Meet on the Way to Language---Analyze the Linguistic of Heidegger and "Qi Wu Lun"%语言路上的相遇--海德格尔和庄子《齐物论》研究



    In the view of the language issue,Zhuangzi and Heidegger have the high degree of identity.In their view,the start-ing point of all languages is not people,but language itself.People are able to understand Tao and existence in the language. By means of analysis of the language of Heidegger,Zhuangzi's "Qi Wu Lun"is discussed.And expound the correspond of their language ways in many aspects.Their language is not one description of things,but the communication of mind and matter.A-bandon paranoid and make it a natural appearance.%在语言问题的看法上,庄子与海德格尔存在着高度的同一性。在他们看来,一切语言的出发点并不是人,而是语言本身,人们能够在语言中去体悟道、体悟存在。这里借助海德格尔对语言的分析对庄子《齐物论》之言进行了探讨,从多方面阐述出二者在语言道路上的契合。他们的语言不是人对事物的描述,而是心与物的交流,放弃偏执,使其自然显现。

  13. The Thinking of Prof.Wu Chengyu to Diagnose and Treat Cerebral Apoplexy that was Complicated with Diabetes%吴承玉教授诊治糖尿病并发脑卒中的诊治思路



    本文主要总结吴承玉教授在诊治糖尿病并发脑卒中的诊治思路与经验,提出病位结合病性的辨治原则.辨病位、肝肾亏虚是糖尿病合并脑卒中的发病之源,滋补肝肾是根本,心脾气血失调是糖尿病合并脑卒中的诱发和加重因素,养心健脾是关键;辨病性,重在区分糖毒性质,火热糖毒采用清热解毒、泻火解毒;瘀、痰、湿浊糖毒采用除湿化痰解毒与化瘀消毒为原则.%Abstract: This article mainly summarized Professor Wu Chengyu in the diagnosis of diabetes concurrent cerebral apoplexy and the treating experience. Proposed the principle of disease spot combined with disease character. Distinguishing the disease spot, liver and kidney deficiency are the original of this disease. The basic treating is to nourish liver and kidney. It is being out of balance of Heart, spleen, Qi and Blood are the aggravation and induction factor. Cultivating heart and tonifying spleen is critic. Distinguishes sickness nature, especially discriminating sugar poisonous nature and the treating principle is to clearing away heat and toxic material. Using dehumidify, reduce phlegm, detoxification and removing blood stasis are principles of this dis-

  14. On Song of "Solitaries" Exploring into the Abyss of Being --Analysis of Wu Touwen's Poetries%探入存在深渊的“孤独者”之歌——吴投文诗歌略论



    In recent years, Wu Touwen pays more attention to the individual life experiences and the details of daily life with penetrating speculation in his poetries. As a modern poet who is suffering the distress, he expresses his insight and metaphysical questioning on the era and the situation with intuition through comprehension, imagi- nation and unique way of thinking and writing. And for thus, his poetries disclose some neglected or obscured spiritual presences and unmentionable disease of humanity, reveal inner anxiety and compassion as a humanistic intellectual, and create a melancholy self - image of the "solitaries" by self - examination and criticism.%吴投文近些年来的诗歌更加注重个体性的内在生命经验,注重日常生活细节的思辨性穿透。他以一个饱受存在困扰的现代诗人的直觉式感受、透悟以及想象,以其独到的思想方式和诗语表达方式,呈现出对时代以及人在这个时代处境的洞察和形而上追问,揭示出被忽视或被遮蔽的某些精神存在和人性暗疾,表露了一个人文知识分子的内心焦虑和悲悯情怀,在自省与批判中塑造出一个忧郁“孤独者”的自我形象。

  15. 生命体验中的知性言说——吴投文诗歌创作略论%Intellectual Explanation in Life Experience -- On Poetic Creation from Wu Touwen



    作为一位经历过20世纪80年代诗歌辉煌时期的诗人,吴投文的诗歌创作历程对应了其人生转型的几个重要阶段:从狂热,到沉寂,再到回归,终至成熟。他的诗歌既无学院知识分子的玄秘,也没有一些民间诗人的随意,而是在孤独言说中剖析自我,寻找创新的可能,在生命体验中保持人文关怀,以求美感的再现。他在新世纪以来的诗歌写作,越发显得成熟、大气,与其诗歌批评和文学研究形成互动,并相得益彰。%As a poet of having experienced the splendid period of 1980s'poem, Wu Touwen's poetic creation is di- vided into several important stages corresponding to his life transition, which including from fanaticism to dreari- ness, then got back to origin, reached maturity finally. His poems have neither intellectuals" mystery words from academy, nor the casual style of some folk poets. Instead, his poems are conducting self - analysis in solitary ex- planation and searching for possibilities of innovation; meanwhile, his poems are also holding humanistic care in life experience for representation of aesthetic sensibility. His poetic creation has become more mature and powerful since the new century, which formed an interaction with his poetic criticism and literary study, and complemented well among the all.

  16. [Simultaneous determination and quantitation of anthraquinones, lignans and flavonoids in Xiao-Cheng-Qi Tang, Hou-Po-San-Wu Tang and Hou-Po-Da-Huang Tang by HPLC].

    Chen, Li; Li, Tao; Wang, Yan-li; Dong, Yu; Zhuang, Shuai-xing; Wang, Dun-fang; Yang, Wei-peng


    A simple and selective HPLC method for simultaneous determination and quantification of anthraquinones, lignans and flavonoids in Xiao-Cheng-Qi Tang (XCQT), Hou-Po-San-Wu Tang (HPSWT) and Hou-Po-Da-Huang Tang (HPDHT) was developed and validated. An Agilent Zorbax SB-C 18 (4.6 mm x 250 mm, 5 µm) column with the mobile phase of acetonitrile and 0.5% acetic acid aqueous solution in gradient elution mode was used. The flow rate was 1.0 mL · min(-1) at 30 °C, and injection volume was 10 µL. The detection wavelength was set at 254 nm and 294 nm simultaneously for the quantitative analysis. The current HPLC assay was validated for linearity, intra-day and inter-day precisions, accuracy, recovery and stability. The method was applied to the content comparison of the gallic acid, cinnamic acid, sennoside A, sennoside B, rhein, emodin, aloe-emodin, chrysophanol, physcion, magnolol, honokiol, narirutin, naringin, hesperidin, neohesperidin, hesperetin, naringenin and nobiletin in XCQT, HPSWT and HPDHT. The good linear equations of eighteen constituents were obtained within the investigated ranges (r > 0.998). The recovery of the method was 94.28%-99.89% and the precision was less than 5%. The sample was stable within 16 h. There were some differences between the contents of anthraquinones, lignans and flavonoids in analogous formulae about XCQT. XCQT contained the greatest abundance of anthraquinones and flavonoid, HPSWT contained the greatest abundance lignans. In conclusion, the methods are simple, low-cost, precise, accurate and reliable for the determination of eighteen constituents in analogous formulae about XCQT, and these results provide methodological support for its quality control.

  17. 清末提法使衙门的人事变革——以直隶为中心的考察%Personnel Reform of Ti-fa-shi in the Late Qing Dynasty: the Case of ZhiLi Province



    随着清末司法改革的不断深入,继清廷对法官选拔之后,提法使衙门的人员安排开始备受关注,并最终以招考的方式确定下来。直隶是在清末司法改革中效果较好的一个省份。对其他各省产生了示范效应和启示意义。以直隶为中心进行考察能够透视这次招考的全局和整个进程。此次招考体现了提法使对人员考选的重视,也是清廷对促使中国司法走向专业化、贵族化、精英化的一种尝试。但亦有组织无序、监管缺位和失语、单纯事后监督等问题存在。招考透视了清末的法制改革,既有把帝国改造成西方式的现代国家意图,又有对旧体制的一种留恋,两种情结在国家危亡的关口措乱交织、难以割舍,反映了转型和过渡时期的决策者在抉择面前的复杂心态,也反映了从一个封建性的王朝转变为一个现代国家,绝不可能一蹴而就,而是需要经历一个漫长的过程。但这毕竟是中国司法机关人事改革的一种尝试,代表和推动了历史发展的新趋势和潮流。%Along with the continuous development of judicial reform and the judge-selecting of central government in the late Qing Dynasty, the candidates of supreme judicial office in various provinces, which was called Ti-fa-shi, gradually earned more and more public concern and even- tually fixed by strict examination. The reform effect of ZhiLi was much better than that of other provinces and seen as a model. The acdemic investigation on the selecting examination in ZhiLi province may show us the historical situation and the whole process. The examination attached importance to the candidates, and attempted to construct a professional,aristocratic and elite judicial system, but encountered the disorder of organizational work, deficiency of supervisor and simply supervision after the event. By the examination and judicial reform, the central government tried to turn

  18. Clinical Study on Prevention of Heterotopic Ossification after T oral Hip Arthroplasty with XiaoZhobgg ZhiTong Mixture%消肿止痛合剂预防全髋关节置换术后异位骨化的临床分析

    柳海平; 王承祥; 李玉吉; 李盛华; 赵振文; 汪俊红; 柴喜平


    目的:分析消肿止痛合剂预防全髋关节置换术后异位骨化形成的临床疗效.方法:对49例在甘肃省中医院行人工全髋关节置换术的患者,术后口服消肿止痛合剂,50 mL/次,2次/d,治疗4周.术后3周、12周、3月、6月、12月对患者进行随访,拍双髋正位、闭孔斜位、髂骨斜位X线片,观察有无异位骨化形成;同时采用Brooker 分级及Harris评分,对髋关节功能进行评估.结果:49例患者获完整随访资料,平均随访时间为 21.2 个月.Brooker分级,患者术前与术后HSS评分比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01).患者术前与术后末次随访时HSS评分比较,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.01).结论:全髋关节置换术后给予消肿止痛合剂治疗,可获得较好的临床效果,且异位骨化发生率较低.%Objective:To observe the clinical efficacy of preventing heterotopic ossificaion after total hip arthroplasty with XiaoZhong ZhiTong mixture. Method:49 patients with total hip arthroplasty in Gansu hospital of TCM were treated with xiaozhongzhitong mixture orally, 50 mL 1 time,2 times 1 day,applied for 4 weeks.Patients were followed up after 3 weeks, 12 weeks, 3 months, 6 months and 12 months of the surgey,observed whether the formation of ectopic bone by line X-ray films, including the double hip anteroposterior, obturator oblique,iliac oblique film;while assessed the ftmction of hip by Brooker grades and Harris scorcs. Resnlt:The complete follow-up data of 49 patients were acquired,the average follow-up time was 21.2 months.Compared Brooker grades and HlSS scores of preoperative and postoperative,the difference was statistically significant (P<0.01). Compaed HSS scores of preoperative and postoperative final followv np, the difference was significant (P<0.01). Conclusion:Treating with XiaoZhong ZhiTong mixture after total hip arthnroplasty get better clinical results and has low incidence of heterotopic ossification.

  19. Antihepatoma and Liver Protective Potentials of Ganoderma Lucidum (靈芝 Ling Zhi Fermented in a Medium Containing Black Soybean (黑豆 Hēi Dòu and Astragalus Membranaceus (生黃耆 Shēng Huáng Qí

    Zheng-Yuan Su


    Full Text Available The antihepatoma activity and liver protective function of the fermentation products (5 L fermenator of Ganoderma lucidum (GL; 靈芝 Ling Zhi cultivated in a medium containing black soybean (BS; 黑豆 Hēi Dòu and Astragalus membranaceus (AM; 生黃耆 Shēng Huáng Qí at different fermentation temperatures were investigated in this study. Hep 3B cells pretreated with lovastatin were used to study the antihepatoma activity, and possible active components were analyzed by reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography. Carbon tetrachloride (CCl4-induced primary rat hepatocyte injury was further used to evaluate the liver protective activity of the fermentation products. While all the GL broth filtrates do not inhibit the growth of Hep 3B cells, the ethanolic extract from GL-2 mycelia (GL-2-mE, cultivated in the medium containing BS (50 g/L and AM (20 g/L at 24 °C for 11 days showed the best antihepatoma activity (IC50 26.6 μg/mL than the other ethanolic extracts from GL mycelia, GL fruiting body, BS, and AM did. The antihepatoma activities were correlated with some unknown active components in these samples. Furthermore, GL-2-mE (100 μg/mL without harmful effect on the growth of normal primary rat hepatocytes significantly maintained cell viability, reduced lactate dehydrogenase leakage, lowered lipid peroxidation, and increased glutathione peroxidase and glutathione S-transferase activities in the CCl4-induced damaged primary rat hepatocytes.

  20. 灵芝健肾胶囊对糖尿病肾病血脂和血流动力学的影响%Effect ofLinZhi JianShen Capsula on Hemodynamics and Lipids in Treating Diabetic Nephropathy

    屈岭; 王祥生; 曹爱国


    目的:观察灵芝健肾胶囊对糖尿病肾病患者血脂、血流动力学的影响.方法:将62例脾肾两虚夹瘀型糖尿病肾病患者随机分为2组.2组均予糖尿病知识教育、合理饮食、适当运动、自我监测血糖、口服糖适平等常规治疗,对照组同时口服贝那普利10mg,1次/d.治疗组在对照组基础上加服灵芝健肾胶囊,3次/d,4粒/次.2组均以1个月为1个疗程,连续治疗2个疗程后评估疗效.结果:2组患者中医症状、体征积分治疗前后比较均有显著差异(P<0.05,P<0.01);治疗后组间比较,具有统计学意义(P<0.05).治疗组全血高切黏度、全血低切黏度、血浆比黏度、纤维蛋白原明显降低,与治疗前相比较有显著性差异(P<0.01);与对照组比较,也有显著性差异(P<0.01).治疗组患者治疗后总胆固醇(TC)、甘油三酯(TG)较治疗前下降显著(P<0.05),尿微量白蛋白排泄率(UAER)较治疗前下降非常显著(P<0.01),治疗后2组进行比较,各项指标降幅均有明显差异(P<0.05).结论:灵芝健肾胶囊对糖尿病肾病有较好的降脂作用,并可改善血流动力.%Objective:To oberserve the effect of LinZhi JianShen capsules on lipids and hemodynamics of diabetic nephropathy. Methods:62 diabetic nephropathy patients with spleen and kidney deficiency combing with stasis were randomly divided into 2 groups. Patients were educated, proper diet, adequate exercise,self-monitoring of blood glucose,oral glucose and other conventional treatment,while the control group oral benazepril 10 mg, 1 times/d. The treatment group received additional services on the basis of LinZhi JianShen capsules,3 times/d,4 tablets/times.2 groups were 1 month to 1 course of treatment,continuous assessment of efficacy of 2 courses of treatment. Results: The 2 groups were integral own TCM symptoms and signs before and after treatment were significantly different(P<0.05);after treatment between the two groups was statistically

  1. Epidemiology and management of osteoporosis in the People’s Republic of China: current perspectives

    Lin X.; Xiong D; Peng YQ; Sheng ZF; Wu XY; Wu XP; Wu F; Yuan LQ; Liao EY


    Xiao Lin,1 Dan Xiong,1 Yi-Qun Peng,1 Zhi-Feng Sheng,1 Xi-Yu Wu,1 Xian-Ping Wu,1 Feng Wu,2 Ling-Qing Yuan,1 Er-Yuan Liao1 1Institute of Metabolism and Endocrinology, 2Department of Pathology, The Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, People’s Republic of China Abstract: With the progressive aging of the population, osteoporosis has gradually grown into a global health problem for men and women aged 50 years and older because of its consequence...

  2. 中国免疫皮肤病学的开拓者、吴阶平医学奖得主:陈洪铎%Prof.Chen Hongduo: the China Immune Dermatology Pioneer and Wu Jieping Medicine Prize Winner

    郭秀芝; 高兴华


    Prof.Chen Hongduo is an internationally-renowned expert in the field of dermatology and the first academician at the Academy of Dermatology and Venereology in China.In particular,he has been internationally recognized as the authority in relation to his research on the Langerhans cell,like its origin,distribution,conversion rules,surface antigen,immune function,pathology and closely related-keratinocytes studies.As a result,he made a systematic,creative,meaningful and significant contribution.In 2009,Prof.Chen was awarded the International Society of Dermatology Alliance Recognition Prize by the International Society of Dermatology Alliance,and this is the first time for Chinese to get the honor.In 2012,Prof.Chen was awarded the Wu Jieping Medicine Prize,which is known as China's Nobel Prize in the medical field.%陈洪铎,皮肤性病学界国际知名专家,我国皮肤性病学界首位院士.在皮肤免疫系统,尤其是关于朗格汉斯细胞的研究上,他被国际上公认为权威学者之一.在朗格汉斯细胞的来源、分布、转换规律、表面抗原、免疫功能、病理及与其密切相关的角质形成细胞研究中,他做出了系统的、创造性的、有实际意义的重大贡献.2009年陈洪铎被国际皮肤科学会联盟授予国际皮肤科学会联盟表彰奖,这是我国皮肤科医生首次获得该荣誉.2012年陈洪铎获吴阶平医学奖,该奖项被称为中国医学界的诺贝尔奖.

  3. CO2 Storage and Surface Flooding Process of Wu 38 Well Block in Yanchang Oilfield%延长油田吴38井区CO2埋存与驱油地面工艺

    陈龙龙; 江绍静; 杨永超; 黄春霞; 余华贵; 白成来


    3 movable injection stations have been built in Wu38 well block of YanChang Oilfield. At the same time, five gas injection wells can be gas injected, which involving 24 production Wells. It is the first standardization surface process system that CO2 storage and CO2-EOR in the northwest.The system main body consists of two big modules:low pres-sure and high pressure. Low pressure module includes CO2 storage tank, CO2 feeding and circulation area, supercharging area; high-pressure module includes CO2 injection and loop area, auxiliary monitoring system. After the surface process system put into use, the single well CO2 injection rate is 25 t/d, it can realize automatic monitoring and data storage. Ac-cording to the forecast, the oil recovery of CO2 flooding is 10.79% higher than that of water flooding, which has the vital significance to the reduction of CO2 greenhouse gas emissions and low permeability reservoir development.%延长油田吴38井区已建成3座橇装式注入站,可同时对5口井实施注气,涉及24口生产井受效。它是西北第一个实施CO2埋存与驱油的标准化地面工艺系统,系统主体由低压及高压两大模块组成,低压模块包括CO2存储区、CO2喂液及循环区、增压区,高压模块包括CO2注入及循环区、辅助监测系统。地面工艺系统投入使用后,单井注入量为25 t/d,可实现数据全自动监控和存储。根据预测,原油采收率与水驱相比提高10.79%,这对减少CO2温室气体排放及低渗油藏开发具有重要的意义。

  4. About Five Kinds of Fault in "Shu Wu Guo Lun" for Today's Doctors%谈《疏五过论》的五种过错对当今医生的教育意义

    李锦绣; 郭福玲; 尹学东


    传统的医学道德观认为:“医乃仁术”、“生命至贵”等就是“大医精诚”。医者要做到“大医精诚”,就要避免《疏五过论》中医者的五种过错,使患者保持健康的生命。所以,医生要以严谨认真的工作态度,充分了解患者的病情;以生物心理社会医学模式来处理患者;不能急功近利,追求名誉,应常怀仁爱之心建立和谐的医患关系。医生处理患者的态度及自身的道德修养直接影响患者的健康和生命,这种理念应该成为医生终生追求的目标,这样才能顺应新医改的要求。%Traditional medical ethics is that "Medicine is the benevolence" ,"Life is the most valuable ," and so on ,which is the "big medicine sincere" .To reach the "big medicine sincere" ,a physician is need to avoid Chinese five persons fault in "Shu Wu Guo Lun" ,so that patients maintain a healthy life .Therefore ,a physician should take rigorous work attitude ,to fully understand the patient's condition ;and deal with patients by bio-psycho-social medical model ;not instant success ,the pursuit of fame ,a doctor shall be dedicated to providing competent medical care with compassion and respect for human dignity and rights ,establish a harmonious doctor-patient relationship .The attitudes which doctors to handle patients and their own morality can directly affect the patient's health and life .This idea should be lifelong goal to become a doctor ,so as to conform to the new health care reform requirements .

  5. Comparisons of pharmacokinetic and tissue distribution profile of four major bioactive components after oral administration of Xiang-Fu-Si-Wu Decoction effective fraction in normal and dysmenorrheal symptom rats.

    Liu, Pei; Li, Wei; Li, Zhen-hao; Qian, Da-wei; Guo, Jian-ming; Shang, Er-xin; Su, Shu-lan; Tang, Yu-ping; Duan, Jin-ao


    Xiang-Fu-Si-Wu Decoction (XFSWD) has been widely used to treat primary dysmenorrhea in clinical practice for hundreds of years and shown great efficacy. One fraction of XFSWD, which was an elution product by macroporous adsorption resin from aqueous extract solution with 60% ethanol (XFSWE), showed great analgesic effect. The present study was conducted to investigate the possible pharmacokinetic and tissue distribution profiles of four major bioactive constituents (berberine, protopine, tetrahydrocoptisine and tetrahydropalmatine) after oral administration of XFSWE in dysmenorrheal symptom rats, and to compare the difference between normal and dysmenorrheal symptom rats. Estradiol benzoate and oxytocin were used to produce dysmenorrheal symptom rat model. The experimental period was seven days. At the final day of experimental period, both normal and dysmenorrheal symptom rats were orally administrated with XFSWE, and then the blood and tissues samples were collected at different time points. Berberine, protopine, tetrahydrocoptisine and tetrahydropalmatine in blood and tissue samples were determined by LC-MS/MS. Pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated from the plasma concentration-time data using non-compartmental methods. The differences of pharmacokinetic parameters among groups were tested by one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA). There were statistically significant differences (Pnormal and dysmenorrheal symptom rats that orally administered with same dosage of XFSWE. In tissue distribution study, the results showed that the overall trend was C(Spleen)>C(Liver)>C(Kidney)>C(Uterus)>C(Heart)>C(Lung)>C(Ovary)>C(Brain)>C(Thymus), C(M-60 min)>C(M-120 min)>C(M-30 min)>C(C-60 min)>C(C-120 min)>C(C-30 min). The contents of protopine in liver, spleen and uterus were more than that in other tissues of dysmenorrheal symptom rats. Compared to normal rats, partial contents of the compounds in dysmenorrheal symptom rats׳ tissues at different time points had significant

  6. On the Thoughts of Selection and Criticism in Ancient Prose Selections Complied by WU Kai-sheng%发幽阐微形塑典范--吴闿生《古文范》选评思想刍议



    WU Kai-sheng was one of the most important successors in terminal phase of the Tongcheng School.He has complied prose anthology works named Ancient Prose Selections in which has profound theoretical value and abundant literature thought .On the content of compositions , natural revelation of true feelings and genuine emotion was emphasized and democratic republic thought was canonized .On the art of compositions , writing methods such as beginning , connection , transition , ending was given an all-round analysis .On the style of compositions , writing style of connotative elegance as well as magnificence and splendors was advocated .This prose anthology occupied an important position in the history of anthology compilation of the Tongcheng School in which not only the writing theory of the Tongcheng school was summarized and developed but also ancient prose connotations was elucidated with new knowledge at that time.%吴闿生是桐城派末期最重要的传人之一,其所编《古文范》是现存桐城派文章选本中评点详赡、理论价值很高的一部,选评之中蕴含着丰富的文学思想:内容方面,重视文章中至性至情的自然流露,推阐古人文章中的民主共和思想;章法方面,全面评析了文章起首、转接、提顿、收束等驭文之术;风格方面,崇尚含蓄蕴藉和雄奇恣肆两种文风。此选既能对桐城派文章理论进行总结与发扬,又能结合时代新知对古代文章精义予以新的阐发,在桐城派文章选本编纂史中占有重要的地位。

  7. Reality and Fiction——On the Salters in The Scholars Written by Wu Jingzi%现实与虚构——论吴敬梓小说《儒林外史》中的盐商

    梁振; 宋斌


    In order to widely reflect the society,Wu Jingzi created over two hundred characters in The Scholars,who,in accordance with the generally accepted ethical standards,could be divided into sixteen types,i.e.sage,person of virtue,elegant person,couple,pure person,knight,bookish person,artist,shed person,idiot,stingy person,lucky person,wicked,bandit,villain,capable and so on.However,three salters to whom the writer paid much attention were not included.The writer plainly described the salters as those who are stupid,mean,profit only.But these remarks were not the real description of the salters in Qing dynasty.It is necessary,from the comparison between historical materials and literature,to restore the image of the salters,especially the true contribution of the saters of Anhui in the early Qing dynasty and the social image of those good merchants.%《儒林外史》为了更广泛地反映社会,塑造了200多个人物形象,按照当时普遍公认的道德标准来划分,可以分为:圣人、贤人、雅人、良人等16种人。作者着力描写的3个盐商却没有入类。作者"穿入隐微"地把盐商作为"资性蠢愚,心术卑鄙,货利声色之外不知其他"的鄙夷对象,这种价值评判却不是清代盐商真实的写照。有必要从史料与文学作品的比较角度,还原盐商——尤其是徽商在清初作为良贾的社会形象。

  8. A discussion with Mr. Xin on the issue that Sima Guang reconstructed the political intentions in the late years of Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty%“司马光重构汉武帝晚年政治取向”说献疑--与辛德勇先生商榷



    Mr. Xin, in his latest research, points out that the policy shift in the late years of Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty is non-excised and that Sima Guang adopted a fictional story by Wang Jian with the purpose of molding Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty into his ideal image, which misled many scholars. But there are some misreadings in Mr. Xin’s article and his conclusion is not standing. Here are the arguments. Firstly, lots of actions of policy shift in the late years of Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty are manifested in theDebates on Salt and Iron andthe Book of Han, and the narratives inthe Comprehensive Mirror for Aid Government go in line with the above historical documents. Secondly, if we readthe Comprehensive Mirror for Aid Governmentcarefully, we will never reach a conclusion that Sima Guang adopted a fictional story calledthe Story of Emperor Wu in the Han Dynasty because it is cited as historical documents and no one can deny it as the book exists there. Thirdly, historical interpretation is not the equivalent of historical reconstruction, the narration and comments inthe Comprehensive Mirror for Aid Governmentare simply a history review of true history under a particular perspective, and Si Maguang does not and cannot reconstruct history. Last but not the least, the editor and the publishing year ofthe Story of Emperor Wu in the Han Dynasty are controversial, and it is worthless to compare Wang Jian’s Dynasty with the late years of Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty.%辛德勇先生新近撰文指出,司马光采录王俭的《汉武故事》刻意建构了符合其政治需要的武帝形象,《资治通鉴》对武帝末年史事的记载并不可信,田余庆等前辈学者因盲从《通鉴》得出了汉武帝晚年存在政治转向的错误结论。辛先生文中存在不少史料误读现象,其结论不能成立:一是武帝末年的政治转向体现在悔过、劝农、休兵等一系列见诸《盐铁论》《汉书》的实际行动里

  9. 吴地西施“响屐舞”的民族风格与地域风格研究∗%A Study of National Style and Geographical Style of“Xiang Ji Dance”by Xi Shi in Wu

    符姗姗; 冯程程


    西施“响屐舞”是吴地舞蹈史上的经典与代表,因其独特的舞蹈风格从古至今备受关注,该舞蹈风格的形成也离不开吴地民族风格与地域风格的影响。通过具体分析吴地民族文化、环境、图腾等对舞蹈动作、姿态、动律、节奏等民族风格形成的影响,以及吴地地域环境对舞蹈表现形式、表演形式、舞蹈动作、舞蹈道具等同质性与异质性地域风格形成的影响,论述了西施“响屐舞”的独特价值。%the “Xiang Ji Dance”by Xi Shi (who was one of the renowned Four Beauties of ancient Chi-na)sets up a separate flag in the dance history of Wu (referred to the Wu Country in Spring and Autumn Period of ancient China).Its unique characteristics are influenced by the national style and regional style of Wu .In the paper,the author discusses the influence of regional culture,environment and spirit on the dance movements,postures and rhythm,as well as the influence of geographical environment on the re-gional homogeneity and heterogeneity style of dance patterns,performance forms,dance movements and dance properties.It discusses the unique value of the"Xiang Ji Dance".

  10. WU多瘤病毒在急性呼吸道感染儿童中的检出及初步临床研究%Detection and clinical characterization of WU polyomavirus in acute respiratory tract infection in children

    庄婉莉; 陆学东; 林广裕; 谢淑霞; 张娜; 林创兴; 陈派镇; 吴扬; 马廉


    Objective WU polyomavirus (WUPyV), a new member of the genus Polyomavirus in the family Polyomaviridae, has been found to be associated with respiratory tract infections recently. But the role of the WUPyV as agents of human disease remains uncertain. We sought to describe the detection and clinical characterization of WUPyV in acute respiratory tract infection in children. Method From July 2008 through June 2009, nasopharyngeal aspirates were collected from 771 children who were hospitalized with acute respiratory tract infection in Second Affiliated Hospital of Shantou University Medical College, and from 82 asymptomatic children who visited the health checkup clinic. WUPyV was detected by using PCR technology and was identified by using DNA sequencing. All WUPyV-positive specimens were screened for 9 common viruses [influenza A and B, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), parainfluenza virus (PIV) 1 and 3, human metapneumovirus, human bocavirus, adenovirus and rhinovirus] by using PCR or RT-PCR. The clinical data of WUPyV infection were collected and analyzed. Result In this study, fifteen of the 771 tested specimens with acute respiratory tract infection were positive for WUPyV, the positive rate was 1.95% and all of the asymptomatic children who visited the health checkup clinic were negative. Of the 15 cases who were positive for the virus, the age range was 2 to 48 (mean 18.8) months, 9 (60%) were male and 6 (40%) were female. WUPyV was the sole virus detected in 9 specimens (60%) from patients with acute respiratory tract infection. WUPyV was associated with the co-infection with another respiratory virus in 6 of 15 (40%) cases, most frequently with RSV (n =4), followed by adenovirus (n = 1) and rhinovirus (n = 1). The most common clinical findings in the patients with WUPyV were cough, fever and wheezing. The most frequent diagnoses were pneumonia (n = 8), bronchiolitis (n = 4), upper respiratory tract infections (n = 2) and bronchitis (n = 1). A severe case

  11. 资本与劳动异化--马克思《政治经济学批判手稿》中的异化劳动理论%Capital and Labor Alienation---Alienation Labor Theory in Zheng Zhi Jin Ji Xue Pi Pang Shou Gao by Marx

    胡贤鑫; 李放


    In Zheng Zhi Jin Ji Xue Pi Pang Shou Gao(1857-1858;1861-1863),Marx explained Alienation Labor Theory as modern labor,the employment labor was its concrete form. He thought that Alienation Labor was formed in the relationship between capital and employment labor,the cap-ital was the basic reason which Alienation Labor could form;the specific relationship between capital and Alienation Labor stipulated the logic of capital movement,determined the logic of Labor Aliena-tion,the tendency of the capital movement determined the tendency of Alienation Labor develop-ment;the tendency of the capital movement and the tendency of Alienation Labor development were the self-deny of capital and the self-assurance of labor,which were the final settlement of the con-flict between capital and Alienation Labor,and also the sublation of Alienation Labor.%在《政治经济学批判手稿》———《政治经济学批判(1857—1858年手稿)》《政治经济学批判(1861—1863年手稿)》中,马克思将异化劳动解释为现代劳动,雇佣劳动则是其具体形式。认为异化劳动是在资本与雇佣劳动的关系中形成的,资本是异化劳动得以形成的根本原因;资本与异化劳动的特定关系规定了资本运动的逻辑决定着劳动异化的逻辑,资本运动的趋势决定着异化劳动发展的趋势;资本运动的趋势和异化劳动发展的趋势是资本的自我否定、劳动的自我肯定;资本的自我否定与劳动的自我肯定是资本与异化劳动矛盾的最终解决,也是异化劳动的扬弃。

  12. 熊、唐、牟论意分疏%Xiong Shili, Tang Junyi and Mou Zongsan’s Discussion on yi



    提20世纪中叶,熊十力、唐君毅和牟宗三等新儒家学者集中讨论了《大学》“诚意”的解释问题,推进了宋明理学关于诚意问题的探讨。熊十力对于诚意的解释基本从阳明“身之主宰便是心,心之所发便是意,意之本体便是知”发展出他的“知体意用”论,并界定“意”为只能为善,不能为恶,去除了阳明“意”之恶的一面。牟宗三介于熊十力和唐君毅之间,他的意论以阳明学的立场、对形上形下的区隔和反情识的态度都继承了乃师的观点,而对于知、意、物的关系问题,念的问题等则有独特见解,构成自己的理论体系。唐君毅在乃师的基础上观点有所保留,他特重从工夫的方面客观梳理“意”概念在宋明理学中的发展,比较赞同蕺山的“诚意”说,并着力解释蕺山情意互释的部分,修正熊十力的观点。%In the mid-twentieth century, a discussion between several Neo-Confucianism scholars Xiong Shili, Tang Junyi and Mou Zongsan fo-cused on the interpretation of making the will authentic or sincere ( cheng-yi) of the Great Learning ( Daxue) , which deepened the disscussion about cheng-yi from Song to ming Dynasty.Xiong’s interpretation of cheng-yi based upon Wang Yangming’s doctrine ”the master of body is heart and mind ( xin) , the stirrings of heart and mind are yi, the substance of yi is con-science ( zhi)”, and developed the thought of“conscience is substance and yi is function” ( zhi-ti yi-yong) .Furthermore, he defined will ( yi) as what can only do good and can not do evil, thus removed the evil side from the meaning of Wang Yangming’s concept of yi.Mou’s viewpoint is between those of Xiong and Tang.He inherited his mentor Xiong’s learning from the aspects of keeping proposition based on the position of Wang Yangming, diferentiating metaphsics and immetaphysics and opposing the importance of emotions ( qing) , while he

  13. On Emperor Liang Wu abandoning Taoism to Buddhism Three-religions Debate in the Tang Dynasty%梁武舍道事佛与唐代三教论衡



    It is a great mystery in the history of medieval culture that Emperor Liang Wu adandoned Taoism, which, however, became a special concern in early Tang Dynasty. The article proposes that, rather than commenting on whether the event was true or false, a better way of working out the mystery is to investigate its happenings and functions in the religious and cultural context of Tang Dynasty. Judging from the existing literature, emperors and ministers connected Liang Wu’s Buddhism worship with the national subjugation, which was taken advantage by Taoists who propagated that Buddhism resulted in the subjugation. However, the event itself of Liang Wu’s abandoning Taoism to Buddhism has not been paid any attention to by either Confucianists or Taoists. In early Tang Dynasty, Buddhists responded in a different way to both Confucianist and Taoist criticisms, believing that the event itself was undertaking the mission of attacking Taoism. But influenced by the practice that Confucianism and Taoism collaborated in criticizing Buddhism, the event also functioned in glorifying Buddhism, suppressing Confucianism and diminishing Taoism. The Buddhists’ narration of the event in Tang Dynasty highlighted the adversial relations among the three religions at the time, and the event was a response from Taoists like Fuyi.%梁武帝舍道事佛是中古思想文化史上的一大疑案,但此一说法真正被关注是在唐代。与其斤斤计较此说的真伪,不如从唐代宗教文化环境中考察其发生与功能。从现存文献来看,唐代帝王史臣在反思南北朝政教关系的潮流中,将梁武帝崇奉佛教与萧梁亡国联系起来,道教徒也乘势将此提升为佛教亡国论,但梁武帝舍道事佛并未被儒、道二教关注。唐初佛徒对儒家、道教的批判采取了不同的回应方式,梁武帝舍道事佛主要承担起了抨击道教的使命,但受儒、道联合批评佛教惯例的影响,此事同时具有了

  14. 毛泽东心目中的理想社会——从《学生之工作》到《五七指示》%Mao Zedong's Ideal Society——From "Students Work" to "WuQi Instructions"



    "Students Work" and "WuQi Instructions" were written on December 1,1919 and May 7,1966.Biliteracy crossing long time and huge space,we can see that there is still a logical connection between them through serious study and repeated comparisons.It is not difficult to find old age and young Mao Zedong's pursuit of his ideal society with continuity,consistency and uniformity.The difference is that "critical bourgeois" task was added to "WuQi Instructions".%《学生之工作》和《五七指示》分别写于1919年12月1日和1966年5月7日。两文跨越的时空很大,但认真研读,反复比较,就能看到其中仍有一种合乎逻辑的联系,从中不难发现晚年毛泽东和青年毛泽东对他心目中理想社会的追求有着连续性、一贯性和统一性。所不同的是,和《学生之工作》相比,《五七指示》增加了"批判资产阶级"的任务。

  15. Interpretation of Lao She's Qilv· Dragon Boat Festival: Two Poems: on Friendship between Lao She and Wu Zuxiang as Well%老舍《七律·端午(二首)》解读——兼论老舍与吴组缃的友谊



    老舍《七律·端午(二首)》,塑造了吴组缃父子两个个性鲜明、生动的艺术形象,表现了老舍与吴组缃之间非同寻常的深情厚谊。这种深情厚谊,70年来,成为文人之间友谊的典范,成为我们今天珍惜美好生活和亲密友情的绝好教材。%Qilv · Dragon Boat Festival:Two Poems written by Lao She in 1942 portrayed two artistic images with peculiar and vivid personality for Wu Zuxiang and his son, and displayed the unusually profound friendship be- tween Lao She and Wu Zuxiang. In the past 70 years, the profound friendship has set a good example for the friendship among intellectuals and has become an excellent textbook for us to cherish our happy life and intimate friendship.

  16. 埃及女王与中国女皇主要家庭成员比较研究--哈特谢普苏特与武则天%Comparative Research of Main Family Members about the Queen of Egypt and China:Hatshepsut and Wu Ze-tian



    第十八王朝国王哈特谢普苏特,是古埃及历史上第一位女法老[1];武周王朝皇帝武则天,则是中国历史上唯一一位女皇帝。她们的生平经历有着惊人的相似,不仅如此,就连她们的公公、丈夫、儿女等主要家庭成员都似乎因为与她们命运相系而有着极为相似的生平经历,本文将探寻其中的相似性并加以比较。%Hatshepsut was the king of Ancient Egypt during the eighteenth dynasty and the first female Pharaoh[1];Wu Zetian was the emperor of Wu Zhou Dynasty, and she was also the only fe-male emperor in the Chinese history. Their life experiences are strikingly similar, even their father, husband and children had a very similar life experiences. This paper will explore and compare the similarities among them.

  17. The Tradition of Local-Lineage Autonomy among the Hakka in Western Hokkien --A Case Study of The genealogies of the Wu lineage in Peitian%清代闽西客家的乡族自治传统——《培田吴氏族谱》研究



    In order to better understand the historical origin of local lineage autonomy(乡族)in Late Qing, this article, largely based on The Genealogies of the Wu Lineage in Peitian, Changting County, investigates the tradition of local-lineage autonomy among the Hakka in this area of western Hokkien. Although many statesmen and intellectuals, beginning in the Northern Song, attempted to carry out "local-lineage" autonomy based on the lineage structure, this article argues that the form of such autonomy was quite variegated and depended on the specific historical conditions. Therefore, empirical and comparative studies are needed to understand how such local autonomy was actually carried out. The Wu lineage, which had lived together for a long time, achieved local-lineage autonomy largely through relying on the lineage structure. Within the confines of the national law and governing authorities, the Wu lineage tried to manage lineage affairs through family instructions, family discipline, and lineage regulations. The Wu lineage~s success represents an ideal model of lineage autonomy. The branches and associations of the Wu lineage possessed wealth and effectively managed communal affairs and public welfare. For example, the Peitian Public Welfare Association, established during the New Deal period of Late Qing, replaced the administrative functions of the communal compacts and reflected the historical transformation from lineage autonomy to local autonomy.%在中国传统社会中,实行以家族组织为基础的乡族自治,曾经是许多政治家和思想家的社会理想。在不同的时代与不同的地区,由于客观历史条件的限制,乡族自治的形式与内容不尽相同。所谓乡族自治,是指在国家法律和官府授权之下,对乡族事务实行自我管理;在聚族而居的社会环境中,乡族自治主要表现为家族自治。解读福建省长汀县培田吴氏家族的族谱资料,可以发现闽西客家的

  18. Respond to Emergency, Safeguard Constitutional Rights and Restrain Public Power More Effectively by Reform and Innovation- Taking the Rescue Lessons of Yong - Wen Line Bullet Train Rear- End Accident as a Study Clue%通过改革创新更有效地应对突发事件、保障基本权利、约束公共权力——以甬温线动车追尾事故救援处置工作教训为研究线索



    Yong -wen Line accident has warned that the malpractice of integration of government administration with enterprise should be rectified in railway system. Meanwhile, it has revealed many problems existing in the legal construction of emergency in in railway system. However, to slolve those problems should enhance both the hardware and sofeware construction by reform and innovation of legal system to more effectively respond to emergency, safeguard constitutional rights and restrain public power.%甬温线特大事故警示人们,必须坚决纠正铁路系统政企不分的弊端;甬温线特大事故充分暴露出铁路系统应急法制建设的诸多问题和矛盾,应当予以分析解决;不但应从加强“硬件建设”的角度,还应从加强“软件建设”的角度,配套采取体制、机制和法制改革创新举措,依法有效地应对突发事件、保障基本权利、约束公共权力,提高铁路系统的危机管理和应急法制水平。

  19. Reply to the comment by Wu et al. (2016) on "Behavior of Re and Os during contact between an aqueous solution and oil: Consequences for the application of the Re-Os geochronometer to petroleum" [Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 158 (2015) 1-21

    Reisberg, Laurie; Michels, Raymond; Mahdaoui, Fatima


    We reply here to the questions raised by Wu et al. concerning the results published by Mahdaoui et al. (2015). This paper describes experiments in which aqueous solutions containing ReO4- and OsCl62- were brought in contact with natural oils at various ranges of concentration, time and temperature. The main observation is that the transfer of Re and Os to oils is very efficient under all experimental conditions. Wu et al. argue that thermodynamic equilibrium was not achieved in these experiments as apparent partition coefficients are inconsistent. They conclude that the experiments were flawed by possible leaking of reactors and that the conclusions by Mahdaoui et al. (2015) were not justified. In the following reply we explain that Mahdaoui et al. (2015) never claimed that thermodynamic equilibrium was achieved. Any calculations or considerations in this context are therefore meaningless. We recall the objectives of our publication, which were to experimentally test the behavior of ReO4- and OsCl6- (two plausible chemical forms of Re and Os in deep aquifers of petroleum systems) in aqueous solution-oil systems. To our knowledge these are the first experiments of their kind. The parameters that could influence the precision and reproducibility of our results were discussed in detail in Mahdaoui et al. (2015). The essential point is that all 60 of the experiments provide evidence of substantial transfer of Re and Os from water to oil. In contrast to what was mistakenly understood by Wu et al., the paper does not challenge the use of Re-Os to date geological events affecting petroleum. Instead, by providing a mechanism that might allow Os isotopic homogenization on a basin-wide scale, a critical step missing from most current models, it offers a possible explanation of how Re-Os geochronology in oils could potentially work. More generally, our study suggests that transfer of Re and Os from waters to oil may be an important phenomenon that should not be overlooked.

  20. Study on Medication Rules of Spleen-stomach Deficiency Syndromes inLin Zheng Zhi Nan Yi An Based on Data Mining%基于数据挖掘的《临证指南医案》脾胃虚证用药规律研究

    郑勇强; 陈瑞芳


    目的:探讨《临证指南医案》中脾虚证、胃虚证、脾胃俱虚证用药及配伍的联系与区别。方法搜集《临证指南医案》中脾胃虚证相关条文,凡条文中有“脾虚”“胃虚”“脾阳虚”“胃阳虚”“土虚”“胃阴虚”“脾胃虚”“中焦虚”“阳明虚”“太阴虚”等相关病证名者均予纳入,再根据其主治加以鉴别,确定并整理出脾虚证、胃虚证、脾胃俱虚证3个证型的用药及配伍,将相关数据规范化并建立数据库,采用 SPSS Clementine12.0中Apriori算法对数据进行挖掘。结果本研究共搜集相关医案421例,涉及处方525首,其中脾虚证92首、胃虚证276首、脾胃俱虚证157首。挖掘出用药关联规则脾虚证11条、胃虚证38条、脾胃俱虚证28条。结论脾胃虚证组方多在“温燥升提、凉润通降、甘温补中”范畴,体现了叶氏强调脾胃分治、脾升胃降不同、养阴补阳各异的用药特色。%Objective To discuss the relation and differences among spleen-deficiency syndromes, stomach-deficiency syndromes and spleen-stomach deficiency syndromes.Methods Terms about spleen-stomach deficiency syndromes in the book ofLin Zheng Zhi Nan Yi Anwere screened. Syndrome names about “spleen deficiency”, “stomach deficiency”, “stomach-yang deficiency”, “tu deficiency”, “spleen-stomach deficiency”, “middle-jiao deficiency”, “yang-ming deficiency”, and “tai-yin deficiency” should be included in this study. And then medication and compatibility of medicines of spleen-deficiency syndromes, stomach-deficiency syndromes and spleen-stomach deficiency syndromes were determined according to the main efficacy of the medication and compatibility of medicines. Relevant data were standardized and then database was built. Apriori algorithm in SPSS Clementine12.0 was used to conduct data mining.Results Totally 421 relevant cases were collected in this study

  1. Restudy on the Illegitimacy of the Criminal Protection for Fictitious Property——an Argument with Ph.D. WANG Zhi -xiang%再论虚拟财产刑事保护的不当性——与王志祥博士商榷



    Doctor WANG Zhi -xiang published a paper in the Northern Legal Science (No. 4, 2010) , named "On the Legitimacy of the Criminal Proteetion for Fictitious Property". In this paper, he put forth a systemic debate and criticism on my journal paper, published in the Journal of Chines People' s Public Securi- ty University ( Social Sciences Edition) ( No. 3, 2008), named "On the Illegitimacy of Criminal Protection for Fictitious Property--Let the Fictitious Property Stay in Fictitious Spaee". In order to avoid arousing misunder- standing and to enhance the sound development of online game industries, this paper aims to restate my opin- ions on fictitious property. The classification between fictitious things and fictitious property is not scientific, since both the game providers and players are subjects of fictitious property. So the fictitious property is not objective or real, with no actual effects in the real world. Besides the fictitious property is not scare resource and cannot be exchanged in the real world. Moreover, games are for fun rather than for work, so being part of the game software, fictitious property should not be charged with money. The transaction of fictitious property with eurrencies is against the rules of value and value exchange. Such transaction is illegal for interrupting the financial order and to protect the fictitious property will cause serious harm to the society. Therefore, this pa- per reiterates that the fictitious property should stay in fictitious space forever. These statements are ready for arguments with Doctor WANG.%王志祥博士发表在《北方法学》20l0年第4期上的《论虚拟财产刑事保护的正当性——与侯国云教授商榷》一文,对笔者发表在《中国人民公安大学学报(社会科学版)))2008年第3期上的《论网络虚拟财产刑事保护的不当性——让虚拟财产永远待在虚拟世界》进行了系统的辩论和批评。为避免对读者

  2. Interpreting Hunger: Double-horror in the Novel Named Xue LuoDi De Sheng Yin Written by Da Long Dong Zhi%“饿”的解析——论达隆东智《雪落地的声音》的双重恐惧



    In his novel Xue Luo Di De Sheng Yin,Da Long Dong Zhi,a contemporary writer from Yugur Nationality,has unfolded the hero Salaer's psychological change process from hunger to death through a series of absurd and mysterious events as well as expresses his rational sight on an era by telling ghost stories.Hungry is one of the headwords in his fiction,all the horror and unfortunate fate of the characters are closely related to the missing of this physiological need.In its essence,it is the portraiture on particular individual's dilemma about life and death in certain ages,and this kind of dilemma has caused the madness of the hero Salaer.Meanwhile,the survey on this topic gives rich connotations to the text.Therefore,this work with its special region and ethnic culture marks the writer's successful attempt on subject choosing and literary expression.%裕固族当代作家达隆东智的中篇小说《雪落地的声音》以"讲鬼故事"的态度反思历史,通过一系列荒诞神秘、阴森诡异的事件展现主人公萨拉尔由"饿"至"疯"的心理变化过程,并在悬疑恐怖中表达作者对一个时代的理性审视。"饿"是小说的中心词之一,人物的恐惧与不幸命运,都与饥饿这一生理需要的无法满足密切相关。究其实质,"饿"即个体特定年代求生不易、求死不甘,生也恐惧、死也恐惧的矛盾心理的写照。这一二难命题的难以抉择性,最终导致了萨拉尔的疯狂。与此同时,对这一命题的哲学探讨,却赋予了文本深邃的内涵和丰富的张力,使其在或单纯再现特定历史阶段的现实主义小说,或以恐怖、悬疑取胜的恐怖小说,或形而上思考多于文学表现的哲理小说中脱颖而出,并与其独特的地域、民族文化表现一起,标志着作者题材选择的突围和文学表现的日益成熟,拥有多重阐释的空间。

  3. Zhi Liao:Ma Liang Solo Visual Exhibition

    Jade; Franklin


    can prove to be simultaneously amusing and macabre, as if to him there is no distinction between the two. Prior to focusing on photography Ma Liang worked as a short-film director and cinematographer. The evidence of this is

  4. Fusion of Traditional Culture and the New Era---Analysis of the Image Wu Shi -bao in Snuff%传统文化与新时代的融合--《烟壶》中乌世保形象分析



    “Snuff” is one of the fiction masterpieces of Deng You -mei with special Beijing flavor . The writer creates a lot of distinctive characters , one of whom is Wu Shi Bao , the main character . This character is characterized by his traditional banner culture and at the same time the writer gives him the content of the new era .%《烟壶》是著名作家邓友梅京味小说的代表作之一,其小说为我们塑造了一批个性鲜明的人物形象,乌世保作为贯穿小说始终的主要人物,在他的性格中既有传统旗人生活给他留下的烙印,同时作家又赋予了他新的时代的内容。

  5. Preliminary Study on the Composing Features and Stylistic Innovations of Linxi-based Wu Family’ s Genealogy in Chongzhen Period%崇祯《临溪吴氏宗谱》编纂特点与体例创新初探



    徽州地区宗族社会历来十分重视纂修家谱,《临溪吴氏宗谱》具有重视史实考证、注重家谱的教化功能的编纂特点,同时其对徽州家谱体例结构和断限问题的研究使得该谱成为一部具有代表性的家谱,其创立的家谱编修体例影响了后世两百多年徽州地区的修谱体例,对梳理明代徽州家谱体例的发展脉络,全面展现明代徽州家谱体例的继承和发展状况有十分重要的作用。%Huizhou ’ s lineage society always pays a lot of attention to composing genealogical trees .The Linxi-based Wu Family’ s genealogy was featured in composition with the emphasis on textual research about history facts and on the edification effect of the genealogical tree .Meanwhile , studies on the stylistic structure and starting -end-ing time of genealogical trees in Huizhou region have made the Wu family ’ s genealogical tree a very representative one.This genealogical tree created a composing style that influenced later styles of genealogical tree in Huizhou for two hundred years , so it has very important significance in terms of sorting out the development process of the styles of genealogical tree in Ming Dynasty and presenting an all -round status of the inheritance and development of the styles of genealogical trees in Huizhou region .

  6. The Beginning of the "17-year Film"Political Ideological Literary Theory and the In-depth Study of The Life of Wu-xun%“十七年电影”政治形态文艺学发轫与《武训传》再考



    The critical event of The Life of Wu-xun has obviously identified the landform of the "17-year film" political ideological literary theory .As the practical representation of socialism ideologies ,the film breeds the audiences'political intervenes with the form of national parable .The Life of Wu-xun is the mile-stone of "17-year film",w hich helps to understand the political rhetoric speech of "17-year film".Its unique narrative texture closely connects the special social context of the "17-year period",which need to be reread and studied in the grand historical viewpoint .%从《武训传》开始,渐变的年代清晰指认出“十七年电影”政治形态文艺学地貌。作为主流意识形态实践的社会主义现实主义艺术,观众无意识幻觉所投射的,无疑是以民族寓言形式为表征的高度政治介入。作为“十七年电影”中的具有里程碑意义的电影,《武训传》有助于我们理会“十七年电影”的政治修辞表述。其独特的叙事肌理和文本结构、所紧密联系的“十七年”特殊社会政治语境,都需要我们借助大历史的视野,去除误读、重启对话。

  7. The Research of the Tourism Urbanization in the Contiguous Destitute Areas---Take Wu Meng Mountauin Area As An Examlpe%连片特困区旅游城镇化发展研究--以乌蒙山区为例



    The tourism urbanization takes tourism development as its impetus. It is aimed to realize tourism destination's population agglomeration, industrial integration and the changes of producing and living style, and subsequently promote the urbanization level of the tourism destination. This thesis takes Wu Meng Mountain area as an example. It analyzes its tourism urbanization development status, existing problem, and the settlement countermeasures. To improve tourism development is necessary for quality level of the tourism urbanization and promoting urbanization development of Wu Meng Mountain contiguous destitute area. Furthermore, it makes strategic sense for realizing harmonious development between destitute areas tourism and urbanization.%旅游城镇化是以旅游业的发展为推动力,通过旅游业的发展,实现旅游目的地人口集聚、产业融合、生产生活方式改变,从而提升旅游目的地城镇化水平。本文以乌蒙山片区为例,分析该地旅游城镇化发展现状,存在问题及解决对策。提高旅游发展对旅游城镇化的质量水平,进而推动乌蒙山连片特困区城镇化发展实为必要,实现特困区旅游与城镇化协调发展具有战略性意义。

  8. Fallacious would Become True When Truth was Treated as Fallaciousness----Review of Mr. Ye Zhi's Accusation of Baimei Xi Clan's 'False Claim' Based on His Fallacious Academic and Anti--logic Techniques Bai Mei Shi%真作假时假充真——评叶植先生指白梅习氏“造假”的伪学术实质和反逻辑手法



    It is a well recorded historical truth that Xi Zaochi lived in Baimei, Xinyu in his old years. Mr. Ye Zhi keeps on authoring articles to deny this historical truth and accusing the Baimei Xi clan made false claims with no conclusive evidences. He basically relied on false entries and records, misinterpret Xi family genealogy, and playing all kinds of anti--logic techniques to support his false proposition. We chinese respect our own history and culture. We have history record as a nation, county record for local history, and genealogy for family history. Genealogy is "the culture treasure of our motherland". Literature and history researchers should treat the genealogy and history with respect and honesty. Please do not challenge the history and playing with history.%习凿齿晚年徙居白梅,是“史不及载”的历史真实。叶植先生一再撰文否定,诬指白梅习氏“造伪”,却举不出确凿证据,只得借无中生有、引用不实之录和讹误史料、曲解《白梅习氏族谱》及其序文、玩弄种种反逻辑手法以支撑虚假命题。中华民族尊重自己的历史和文化,国有史、方有志、家有谱。家谱是“祖国文化宝藏”。文史研究者理应善待家谱,善待历史,诚实研究,切勿自以为是挑战历史,玩弄历史。

  9. The idea of external and internal cultivation-Compare Wu-Cheng’s“knowledge and behavior”with Wang-Yangming’s“the unity of knowledge and action”%合内外之道-吴澄的“知行兼赅”与王阳明的“知行合一”比较



    The theory of knowing and doing plays a significant role in Chinese traditional philosophy.The central thesis of it is“character”and “natural law”.Will it be possible to be sanctified,and how to be sanctified has been the focus-set of this theory.Accordingly,the resulting questions of knowing and doing closely connect to the temperament theory and the theory of Ontology.Both Wu Cheng and Wang Yang-ming’s theory begin with the theory of knowing and do-ing.Wu-Cheng’s investigation of things and extension of knowledge was mainly focusing on the lack of Zhu Xi’s study by emphasizing the strength of Lu school to cover the shortage of Zhu Xi’s theory,and illustrating the unity of external and internal cultivation by taking the idea as its premise.Wang Yang-ming pointed out that Zhu Xi misunderstood the theory of knowing and doing because he put the reason and mind second,and in the point of view of“the mind is princi-ple”,the theory of knowing and doing was neither internal nor external.They both had similar views on explaining the theory of knowing and doing.As to knowing,Wu-Cheng regarded the innate mind as knowing.He also believed that knowing only came from practice.Wu Cheng promoted the theory of knowledge and behavior after analyzing the theory of knowing and doing in the aspect of“enlightenment is investigation,practice is truth”.But Wang Yang-ming claimed that knowing and doing and Ontology were inseparable from one another.First he explained that“knowing without doingis nothing”,and he further theorized that “knowing is practice”.Then he explained how knowing and doing came up with the unity based on the dynamic process of knowing-doing-knowing.In Wang Yang-ming’s opinion,the unity of knowledge and action was a dynamic process.From self-knowledge to things-in-itself,the unity of knowing and action can be completed in the process of natural knowledge and actual knowledge.As to the relationship between know-ing and doing,Wu and

  10. Evaluation of The Impacts of Grain for Green Project on the Environmental, Economic and Social Benefits in MiZhi County of Loess Plateau%退耕还林工程对黄土高原米脂县综合效益的影响研究



    To understand the comprehensive benefits of the Grain for Green Project (GG Project) in MiZhi county of China ’ s northern Shaanxi Loess Plateau , by using an integrated approach of ecological economic analysis meth-od, questionnaire, and revised positioning theory raised by Bossel , the comprehensive benefits of this project was evaluated during 10~11 of 2009.The results showed that:1) In terms of ecological benefits , after the implemen-tation of GG Project from 1998 to 2009, the soil organic content (0~20 cm ) and soil organic carbon density (﹤30 m) increased by 0.478 % and 0.547 kg/m2 respectively; 2 ) In terms of economic benefits , it mainly contributed to providing more rural surplus labor for income generation . For sampled households , 69 % house-holds increased their net income 2~5 times, and the net income of 56%household fed by planting farmland rose by 0~1 times, and the 44.5 % households ’ labor income exceeded 50 % of their net income , 36.6 % house-holds’labor income exceeded 10 %~20 % of their net income, and subsidies from GG project accounted for 10 %of the net income of 87.5 % households; 3 ) The overall coordination functions of the society increased by 0.81.Since implementation of GG Project , regional ecological environment and the economic income of farmers have been improved and the structure of economic income has been optimized .%为了解退耕还林工程对黄土高原生态脆弱区米脂县综合效益的影响,采用生态经济分析法、问卷调查法、修正的Bossel定位理论方法,2009年10~11月,对米脂县退耕还林工程实施前后的生态、社会和经济效益进行评价。研究结果表明,(1)自1998~2009年,退耕造林地土壤有机质(0~20 cm)平均含量和土壤有机碳密度分别比临近(﹤30 m)的坡耕地高出0.478%和0.574 kg/m2;(2)退耕还林经济净效益主要体现在退耕造林后劳动力转移劳务创收。即:69%的被调查

  11. 益智复方对D-半乳糖诱导的小鼠学习记忆障碍的影响%Effects of compound Yi-Zhi on D-galactose-induced learning and memory deficits in mice

    徐江平; 吴航宇; 李琳


    目的:研究益智复方对痴呆小鼠学习记忆及自由基代谢的影响.方法:小鼠每日颈背部皮下注射D-半乳糖 0.150 g*kg-1,连续45 d可以造成痴呆模型.在注射半乳糖5 d后,同时灌胃给予不同剂量的YZC至造模结束,再采用Y型迷宫测验及SOD、MDA检验试剂盒分别查看其对痴呆小鼠学习记忆及自由基代谢的影响.结果:益智复方可以显著提高痴呆小鼠Y型迷宫学习/记忆成绩(所需的训练次数由模型组的 31.35±8.97/17.12±5.57 降低到低中高三个剂量组的 19.67±8.07/11.27±6.65、14.00±6.84/8.29±5.95 和 11.41±5.99/6.24±4.97);益智复方 0.108 g*kg-1和 0.433 g*kg-1均可显著提高小鼠脑组织SOD活性,从 17.69±3.14 nU*mg-1pro升高到 26.94±4.46 nU*mg-1pro和 21.33±3.63 nU*mg-1pro;而益智复方 0.108 g*kg-1、0.217 g*kg-1和 0.433 g*kg-1使小鼠大脑中丙二醛(MDA)水平由 4.08±0.88 nmol*mg-1pro减少到 2.82±0.75 nmol*mg-1pro、 2.10±0.42 nmol*mg-1pro和 2.35±0.39 nmol*mg-1pro.结论:益智复方具有较好的改善学习记忆功能,这可能与其清除脑内自由基、抑制脂质过氧化的作用有联系.%To explore the effects of Compound Yi-Zhi (YZC) on learning and memory capacity and free radical metabolism in D-galactose induced mice dementia model. METHODS: The mice dementia model was induced by a daily D-galactose 0.15 g*kg-1 sc for 45 d and after 5 d D-galactose injection, the mice were treated with three doses of YZC once a day for 40 d. In order to find out the influence of YZC on the models learning and memory capability and free radical metabolism system, Y-maze test was introduced for the former and superoxide dismutase (SOD) and malondialdehyde (MDA) tests for the latter. RESULTS: Compared with the D-galactose model group, three doses of YZC administration (0.108, 0.217, 0.433 g*kg-1) were all shown to significantly reduced the times of learning/memory in Y-maze test from 31.35±8.97/17.12±5.57 to 19.67±8.07/11.27±6



    20150507Gao Dongdong(State Key Laboratory of Geohazard Prevention and Geoenvironment Protection,Chengdu University of Technology,Chengdu 610059,China);Wu Yong Water Cycle and Groundwater Recharge of Small Watershed Rainfall Process in a Mountain Forest System(Hydrogeology and Engineering Geology,ISSN1000-3665,CN11-2202/P,41(1),2014,p.7-14,4illus.,9tables,32refs.)Key words:hydrologic cycle,groundwater recharge,Sichuan Province

  13. Effect of Bu Yang Huan Wu Decoction (补阳还五汤) Combined with Lumbar Sympathetic Ganglionec-tomy on Recovery of Sciatic Nerve%补阳还五汤和腰交感神经节切除对大鼠坐骨神经损伤的影响

    刘青龙; 秦振龙; 王绣伯


    Objective To investigate the effect of Bu Yang Huan Wu decoction (补阳还五汤) and Lumbar Sympathetic Ganglionectomy (LSG) on recovery of sciatic nerve. Methods Sixty Sprague Dawley rats with left sympathectic ganglion injury were divided into two groups. The rats in control group received LSG only while those in the experimental group also took oral administration and medicine bath of Bu Yang Huan Wu decoction (补阳还五汤) as well as LSG. The skin temperature of their left feet, the sciatic nerve function index (SFI) as well as the sciatic nerve conduction velocity (SNCV) were studied before and after injury. Results The skin tem-perature of their left feet in experiment group was higher than that in control group (P<0.05). The recovery of SFT in experimental group was significantly better than that in control group (P<0.01) at 2,4,6 weeks following the experiment. SNCV in the experimental group was significantly faster than that in control group (P<0.01) af-ter Lumbar Sympathetic Ganglionectomy therapy for 2, 4 ,6 weeks. Conclusion Oral administration and medi-cine bath of BuYangHuanWu decoction and LSG is beneficial for injured peripheral nerve.%目的:探讨补阳还五汤和腰交感神经节切除对大鼠坐骨神经损伤的影响。方法:60只SD大鼠损伤左侧坐骨神经,随机分为2组,对照组钳夹并切除腰交感神经节(LSG),实验组在钳夹并切除腰交感神经节后加用补阳还五汤口服及药浴治疗。观察对照组和实验组大鼠左足皮肤温度、坐骨神经功能指数(SFI)和坐骨神经传导速度(SNCV)的差异。结果:实验开始后1、2周实验组皮肤温度较对照组有明显升高(P<0.01)。实验组的坐骨神经功能指数2、4、6周恢复均快于对照组(P<0.01)。分别测实验组、对照组的坐骨神经传导速度。实验组2、4、6周坐骨神经传导速度恢复快于对照组(P<0.01)。结论:补阳还五汤口服加药浴并切除

  14. 四物汤合失笑散加味联合吲哚美辛治疗气滞血瘀型原发性痛经40例%Modified SiWuTang and ShiXiaoSan Combined with Indomatacin in Treating 40 Cases of Primary Dysmenorrhea of Qi Stagnation and Blood Stasis Pattern



    目的:观察四物汤合失笑散加味联合吲哚美辛治疗气滞血瘀型原发性痛经的临床疗效.方法:将80例患者随机分为观察组和对照组各40 例.2 组患者均给予吲哚美辛治疗,25 mg/ 次,4 次/d,口服.观察组同时在月经来潮前5 天给予四物汤合失笑散加减,水煎分服,1 剂/d,经后2 天停药.2 组均以1 个月经周期为1 个治疗周期,连续治疗3个周期后观察疗效.结果:全血高切黏度(200/s)、低切黏度(3/s)、血浆黏度2组治疗后均较治疗前明显改善(P<0.05),且治疗后观察组与对照组相比差异显著(P<0.05).观察组治愈率为52.50%,总有效率为92.50%;对照组治愈率为35.00%,总有效率为77.50%,2 组相比差异显著(P<0.05).结论:四物汤合失笑散加味联合吲哚美辛治疗气滞血瘀型原发性痛经疗效显著.%Objective: To observe curative effects of modified SiWuTang and ShiXiaoSan combined with indomatacin in the treatment for primary dysmenorrhea of Qi stagnation and blood stasis pattern. Method: Eighty patients were randomly divided into the observation group and the control group. Both groups received oral indomatacin, 25 mg each time, 4 times each day. The observation group took modified SiWuTang and ShiXiaoSan in the five days of the periods, decocted with water, one dose each day, till the 2nd day when the period finished. One menstrual cycle was one course of treatment. Curative effects were explored after three consecutive courses of treatment. Result: Whole blood high shear viscosity (200/s), low shear viscosity (3/s) and plasma viscosity of both groups were improved after treating than before treating significantly (P<0.05), and the observation groups showed significant difference compared with the control group after treating (P<0.05). Cure rate and total effective rate of the observation group were 52.50% and 92.50% , superior to 35.00% and 77.50% of the control group with significant difference (P<0.05). Conclusion

  15. Effect of Acupoint Application with Wu's Blistering Plaster Combined with Seretide Inhalation in Preventing and Treating Children with Asthma:40 Cases Report%吴氏发泡膏穴位贴敷联合舒利迭吸入防治儿童哮喘40例临床观察

    施品英; 朱金凤; 尤菊松; 沈鸣


    Objective To observe the effect of acupoint application with Wu's Blistering Plaster combined with seretide inhalation in preventing and treating children with asthma in remission stage and to study its influence on immune function. Methods Eighty cases of children with asthma in remission stage were randomized into two groups, 40 in treatment group and 40 in control group. Both groups were treated with seretide inhalation 50μg/100μg, one or two times a day for 6 months, based on which, the treatment group was treated with Wu's Blistering Plaster for acupoint application in dog-days. The effect and changes in symptom scores of both groups were observed, and serum IgE, IL-4, and IFN-γ were determined before and after treatment.Results The total effective rate of the treatment group and control group was 95.0% and 80. 0% respectively, with significant difference (P<0. 05). The treatment group was superior to the control group in increase of IFN-γ and decrease of total IgE and IL-4 (P<0. 05 or P<0. 01). Conclusion Acupoint application with Wu's Blistering Plaster combined with seretide inhalation is effective in improving the immune function of asthma children and its good at preventing and treating asthma.%目的 观察吴氏发泡膏穴位贴敷联合舒利迭吸人防治缓解期儿童哮喘的临床疗效及其对免疫功能的影响.方法 将80例哮喘缓解期患儿随机分成治疗组和对照组各40例,两组均正规吸入舒利迭50μg/100μg,视病情每日1~2次,共6个月,治疗组在此基础上于三伏期给予吴氏发泡膏穴位贴敷,观察两组患儿临床疗效、治疗前后症状评分变化及血清总免疫球蛋白E(IgE)、白细胞介素4(IL-4)、干扰素γ(IFN-γ)等指标的变化.结果 治疗组总有效率95.0%,对照组为80.0%,临床疗效治疗组优于对照组(P<0.05).治疗组IFN-γ升高水平及总IgE、IL-4、症状评分下降水平优于对照组(P<0.05或P<0.01).结论 吴氏发泡膏穴位贴

  16. 六朝后期及隋唐三吴地区的道教信仰--以栝州叶氏家族为例%The Religious Beliefs of Three Wu Areas in the Late Period of the Six Dynastiesand Sui and Tang Dynasties---Taking the Guazhou Yip Family for Example



    六朝时期,三吴地区的宗教信仰有些受外来移民的影响,有些则是由自身激发、转化、延续、继承而来,其中道教文化信仰的源头便可一直追溯到春秋时期。此后又潜流涌动,到齐梁之际,在其西南部边陲地区孕育诞生了直到隋唐时期还有广泛影响的著名道教世家栝州叶氏家族。叶氏家族在六朝及隋唐的发展从一个侧面说明,三吴地区经济、文化发展受到内外双重因素的推动,如果单纯强调一个方面而忽视另一方面,便很难反映当时的历史全貌。%In the six dynasties period, the religious beliefs in Three Wu areas were influenced by some immigrants, while others were inspired, transformed, extended and inherited by itself, in which the source of Taoist cultural beliefs can be traced back to the Spring and Autumn Period. After that, undercurrent surging to the Qi and Liang dynasty, it gave birth to the famous Taoist family Guazhou Yip family, which had wide-ran-ging implications in southwestern border region until the Sui and Tang dynasties. The development of Yip family in the Sui and Tang Dynasties had indicated from a side note that economic and cultural development in the Three Wu areas has come from double factors both inside and outside. If we just simply focus on one aspect and ignoring the other aspect, it would be difficult to fully reflect the historical panorama.

  17. Re-Understanding Fan Jun ’ s Philosophy of the Mind and His Status as “Originator of the Wu School”%范浚思想的心学迹象及其“婺学开宗”地位再认识

    王锟; 石寅


    Deeply convinced by the Simeng School and influenced by his family academic tradition as well as his friends, Fan Jun (1102-1150 ) develops a distinct philosophy of the mind in his thinking .Ad-dressing the “mind” in its ontological sense , Fan advocates the goodness of human nature as well as the ne-cessity of self-cultivation , and holds a moral-based point of view on literature and history .It is on the basis of such a heart-mind theory that he participates in the debates on pragmatism and on “reign and justice vs.he-gemony and profit”, and is admired by Zhu Xi (1130-1200 ) for his ideas that differ from those of the East-ern-Zhejiang Pragmatic School represented by Chen Liang (1143-1194) and Ye Shi (1150-1223).Fan is regarded posthumously as the “originator of the Wu School” not only because of his own academic achieve-ments but , more importantly , because of the rejuvenization of the Wu Studies by Zhang Mao ( 1436-1521 ) and other scholars from Jinhua during the Ming Dynasty ( 1368 -1644 ) .Later scholars , being ignorant of this, has been misunderstanding the whole thing based on incomplete records about it .%范浚服膺思孟学派,又受家学与友朋的影响,思想颇具心学迹象。在范浚的思想中,“心”具有本体意味,同时主张性善论、“存心养性”的修养工夫,并秉持以“人心道德”为主轴的经史观。正是以心性之学为基础,范浚开展了事功经世与“王霸义利”的讨论,因而与陈亮、叶适的浙东事功学派有别,受到朱熹的高度赞赏。范浚在后世被追溯为“婺学开宗”,除了其自身的学术造诣外,还与明代章懋等金华士人重振婺学、自励励人的乡学建构密切相关。后来学者却不明此意,爰引相袭,遂成定论。

  18. 五禽戏对中老年颈型颈椎病患者简化McGill疼痛询问表疼痛指数的影响%The effects of WuQinXi on simplified inquiry impact statement McGill pain index of elderly patients with cervical neck pain

    张鹏程; 兰崴; 唐巍


    目的:探讨华佗五禽戏对中老年颈型颈椎病患者简化McGill疼痛询问表疼痛指数的影响。方法将60例患者随机分为练功+药物组(实验组)和药物组(对照组)各30例。观察颈部功能评分、疼痛评分及视觉模拟量表的变化。结果实验组练习后患者的疼痛程度降低( P<0.01)、疼痛分级指数显著改善(P<0.01)。两组练习前各项指标无显著差异(P>0.05),练习后两组比较多数指标有统计学差异(P<0.05)。结论五禽戏对中老年颈椎病的康复以及预防有着积极的意义,能够有效减缓颈椎病的发病率。%Objective To study the effects of WuQinXi on simplified inquiry impact statement McGill pain index of elderly patients with cervical neck pain.Methods 60 patients were randomly divided into practice+drug ( experimental group) and drug groups ( control group)30 cases in each group.The neck function score,pain score,and visual analog scale were observed.Results In experimental group, after WuQinxi practice,the cervical pain of patients was decreased(P<0.01),pain rating index was improved significantly(P<0.01).All the indexes had no significant differences between the two groups before practice, but most of indexes showed differences after practice ( P<0.05).Conclusions Wuqinxi could improve the neck discomfort,relief the pain,mitigate the cervical disease.

  19. The Self-criticism and Renewal of Zhuism and the Confluence of Zhu Xi and Lu Jiuyuan's Theory Centered on Wu Cheng's Zhongyong Study%朱子学的自我批判、更新与朱陆合流以吴澄中庸学为中心∗



    朱子学在后世传衍中逐渐显出异化为记诵口耳之学的一面,元代吴澄传承晚宋以来勉斋学派的批判创新精神,对朱子思想加以修正,彰显了潜伏已久的朱陆合流之思潮。以《中庸》诠释为例,草庐批评《中庸章句》过于精详而流于分裂,对全书章句作出了新的划分,突出尊德性对道问学的优先性,重新诠释“本心”概念,显示出宋元时期朱子学者经典诠释的创新能力,表明元代“朱陆合流”实为朱子学内部自我更新调适所至。%As time goes by,Zhuism has been gradually alienated to memory,fragmentary and hearsay knowledge.Wu Cheng in Yuan Dynasty,who inherited the spirit of criticism and innovation from Mi-anzhai School in late Song Dynasty,tried his best to amend the thought of Zhu Zi,highlighting the lurk i-deological trend of the confluence of Zhu Xi and Lu Jiuyuan's theory.Taking the annotation of Zhongyong as an example,Wu Cheng criticized that chapters and sentences in Zhongyong were too details to split and made a new division on the chapters.Meanwhile,he emphasized honoring virtuous nature prior to inquiry and knowledge,and reinterpreted the concept of "conscience".That shows the innovative annotation of classics of Zhuism scholars in Song-Yuan Dynasty and indicate that the ideological trend of confluence of Zhu Xi and Lu Jiuyuan's theory is the result of Zhuism's self-renewal and adjustment.

  20. 以诗歌重塑民族心灵--1930年代吴经熊的双语写作与诗学观念%To Reshape the National Soul in Poetry:John Ching Hsiung Wu ’ s Bilingual Writing and Poetics Concept in the 1930 s



    吴经熊在民国时期不但是著名的法学家,而且也是享有声誉的文学家。他既参与创办英文期刊,发表大量中国古典诗歌的英译作品,同时也热衷于写作汉语旧体诗。本文通过梳理英文期刊的资料,还原当时文学氛围的疏离与语言环境的分裂,考察吴经熊向英语世界译介中国古典诗歌的策略与动机;并可得出结论,他的双语实践不仅以“唐诗四季”诗学观念回应“感时忧国”的抒情传统,而且主张以诗歌重塑中国人的民族心灵,期待可以克服现代性危机,超越东西方文化的权力等级。%In the Republic of China , John Ching Hsiung Wu ( John C.H.Wu) was not only a famous ju-rist, but also a renowned writer .He took part in establishing the English periodicals and translated a large number of Chinese classical poems into English .At the same time , he was keen on writing classical poems . By reviewing the English periodicals , the paper restores the literary atmosphere of alienation and the split lan-guage environment at that time , and studies the strategies and motivations of John C .H.Wu’ s translation of Chinese classical poems into English to the world .In conclusion , his bilingual practice not only responses to the lyric tradition of “Obsession with China” by inventing the poetic idea of “The Four Seasons of Tang Poet-ry”, but also claims to reshape the Chinese people ’ s national soul by poetry , which can overcome the crisis of modernity and transcend the hierarchy of cultural power between East and West .

  1. RETRACTED: Role of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitors in radiation nephropathy.

    Zhou, Tian-Biao; Li, Hong-Yan; Jiang, Zong-Pei; Zhou, Jia-Fan; Huang, Miao-Fang; Zhou, Zhi-Yang


    T1DN in the Caucasian population JRAAS 1470320314563425, first published 1 February 2015. DOI: 10.1177/1470320314563425 . Chun-Hua Yang and Tian-Biao Zhou Relationship between the angiotensinogen A1166C gene polymorphism and the risk of diabetes mellitus developing into diabetic nephropathy JRAAS 1470320314566221, first published 1 February 2015. DOI: 10.1177/1470320314566221 . Chun-Hua Yang and Tian-Biao Zhou Association of the ACE I/D gene polymorphism with sepsis susceptibility and sepsis progression JRAAS 1470320314568521, first published 3 February 2015. DOI: 10.1177/1470320314568521 . Articles published in an issue Guohui Liu, Tian-Biao Zhou, Zongpei Jiang and Dongwen Zheng Association of ACE I/D gene polymorphism with T2DN susceptibility and the risk of T2DM developing into T2DN in a Caucasian population JRAAS March 2015; 16: 165-171, first published 14 November 2014. DOI: 10.1177/1470320314557849 . Weiqiang Zhong, Zhongliang Huang, Yong Wu, Zongpei Jiang and Tian-Biao Zhou Association of aldosterone synthase ( CYP11B2) gene polymorphism with IgA nephropathy risk and progression of IgA nephropathy JRAAS September 2015; 16: 660-665, first published 20 August 2014. DOI: 10.1177/1470320314524011 .

  2. 清盛京内务府《正白旗吾尔占家汉军银丁户口册》再探%Restudy on WU Er Zhan ' s Household Register in Imperial Palace in Mukden in Qing Dynasty



    Imperial palace file in Mukden keeps many documents between imperial palace and overman in Beijing,five departments in Mukden, Mukden generals, and prefectural magistrates, which provides great help fro deep understanding the work. Through analyzing two cases in the documents, we find that WU Er zhan' s household register in imperial palace is rich in purpose, regular edition, tax collection and household living status.%辽宁档案馆藏《盛京内务府档》保存了很多盛京内务府与北京总管内务府、盛京五部、奉天将军、府尹衙门等处往来的各类文书,为《盛京内务府户口册》的深入解读提供了极大的帮助。通过其中两份文书的个案分析,在立册宗旨与原则、定期编审实态、银丁征收细节以及人户居住状态等方面,《正白旗吾尔占家汉军银丁户口册》的史料内涵更显鲜活。

  3. ON PERSONALIZED POSITIONING AND DEVELOPMENT CONCEPT OF BRANDS--- With“Bai Wu Xi”as an Example%论品牌的个性化定位与发展理念--以“百武西”为例



    品牌价值在于其创造财富的巨大潜能,而在品牌的塑造中,个性化的理念已经成为日趋关键的要素。在全球化趋势下的品牌设计中,要想脱颖而出,就不能没有个性。这些个性化的形象使之区别于同类产品,便于人们识别与记忆。“百武西”以它独特的品牌理念和坚持自我的品牌个性,塑造出一个自然、简约、和谐的品牌形象。%Brand value lies in its great potential to create wealth, and in brand shaping, and the individuality concept has be-come an increasingly crucial factor. Under the trend of economic globalization, it is impossible to stand out in brand design without individuality. These highly individualized images distinguish them from similar products and help people to identify and memorize them. “Bai Wu Xi”with its unique brand concept and brand individuality of self-adherence creates a natural, simple and harmonious brand image.

  4. 外国留学生社区管理模式探析--以北京市海淀区五道口留学生聚居区为例%An Analysis of the Management Mode of International Student Community-Taking Wu Daokou International Student Community as an Example



    外国留学生住宿社会化背景下,留学生聚居区逐渐形成。北京市海淀区五道口留学生聚居区是北京市管辖外国留学生数量最多,处理留学生事务最多,留学生管理服务最先进的社区之一。通过研究在京留学生居留现状,分析留学生社会化管理中存在的问题,对完善公安机关外国留学生管理提出建议和意见。%With the socialization of foreign student accommodation management, international student community has gradually taken shape. Due to its special geographical location, Wu Daokou, located in Haidian District in Beijing, becomes one of the advanced communities which accepts the greatest number of international students and tackles a large amount of foreign affairs with best service. Through research on the current residential situation of international students in Beijing, this paper analyzes the prominent problems in socialized management over international students, and provides suggestions to improve international student management by public security.

  5. View of Sima Qian' s Profound Criticism of Dark Feudal Regime Tyranny from Biography of Marquis Wei Qi and Wu An in Historical Records%司马迁对封建黑暗专制制度的批判——解读《史记·魏其武安侯列传》



    Biography of marquis Wei Qi and Wu An in Historical Records is a famous works about dark feudal regime tyranny of the Western Han Dynasty, written by Sima Qian. This book exposed the darkness of feudal regime tyranny and the brutal essence of ruling class by Wai Wei' s despicable acts, feudal aristocracy' s power struggles, bureaucratic snobbish, inconstancy of human and so on. It expressed Sima Qian' s profound criticism of reality.%《史记·魏其武安侯列传》是揭露西汉黑暗的封建专制制度的力作,司马迁从外戚的卑劣行径,封建贵族之间的争权夺利以及当时官场的势利、世态炎凉等不同侧面,有力揭示了封建专制制度的黑暗和统治阶级残酷暴虐的本质,表达了司马迁对现实的深刻批判。

  6. Sima Qian Was Born in the Sixth Year of Jianyuan in Emperor Wu of Han Period --The Rethought on Lost Article in Natural History Cited by Shiji Suoyin%司马迁生于汉武帝建元六年——对《史记索隐》所引《博物志》佚文的再认识



    《史记索隐》所引张华《博物志》佚文是考证司马迁生年最重要的史料。它的可靠性已经得到了学界的肯定。有证据表明,施丁先生误读了这条史料。正确的解读应该是:"太史令茂陵显武里大夫司马【迁】,年二十八。【元封】三年六月【乙卯】除,六百石。"据此,司马迁生于汉武帝建元六年。%Shiji Suoyin which quoted Lost Article of Zhang Hua's Natural History is the most important historical materials to re- search Sima Qian's date of birth. And its reliability has been affirmed by the academic community. There is evidence which explains that Shi Ding misunderstood this historical material. The correct interpretation should be this: "Sima Qian who was 28 was nomina- ted Taishiling on June, the third year of yuanfeng. And he could earn 600 Dans in one year. " According to this, Sima Qian was born in the sixth year of Jianyuan in Emperor Wu of Han period.

  7. Once Destroyed, Forever Remembered:A Review of The City Walls of Suzhou Chief-edited by Professor Wu Enpei%毁于一旦牢记万世--评吴恩培先生主编的《苏州城墙》



    The City Walls of Suzhou chief-edited by Professor Wu Enpei gives a complete collection and assortment of the archeological discoveries, literary descriptions, modern evolutions, current situations as well as the historical literature, archives and pictures related to the city walls of Suzhou. Despite the fact that the city walls were destroyed and left only sporadic relics, the book presents before the readers’ eyes the vivid past and present pictures of the city walls, and strikes an everlasting memory in the readers’ mind.%吴恩培先生主编的《苏州城墙》一书全方位地搜集与梳理了有关苏州城墙的历史文献、考古发掘、历史档案、历史图录、文学描述、现代变迁和当前现状,虽然苏州城墙已经毁于一旦、所剩无几,但是这本书却把苏州城墙的前世今生活灵活现地一一呈现在读者的眼前,可以让人们永世不忘。



    0000 GENERAL Stationary Solutions of the Nonlinear Schrodinger Equa tion for Neutral Atoms in a Harmonic Trap…………………………Yah Ke-zhu, Tan Wei-han (1191) A W-Shaped Potential Trap with Axial Symmetry for a Ring-Shaped Bose-Einstein Condensate Wang De-zhong, Lu Xing-hua, Huang Hu, Li Shi-qun (1197) Impulsive Synchronization of Rossler System …………Liu Feng, Mu Zhao-li, Qiu Zu-lian (1203) 3000 ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS (2+1)REMPI Spectrum of Rydberg States of S Atoms in the 243-263 nm Region Zhang Li-min, Chen Jun, Xu Hai-feng, Dai Jing hua, Liu Shi-lin, Chen Cong-xiang, Ma Xing-xiao (1209) Charge Stripping Cross Sections for s6Krq+ Collision with H and He…………Liu Zhi-jing (1214) Simulation and Discussion of the Lattice Distortion and Elastic Modulus of Nanocrystals ……………………Chang Ming, Yang Bao-he, Chang Hao (1222) 4000 CLASSICAL AREAS OF PHENOMEN OLOGY Application of Wavelet Analysis to Optical Information Processing…………Ma Jing, Tan Li-ying, Ran Qi-wen (1229)The Fourth-Order Interference between Two Indepen dent Squeezed Fields…………Zhang Jun-xiang, He Ling xiang, Zhang Tian-cai, Xie Chang-de, Peng Kun-chi (1235)Phase Coupling of RF-Excited Optical Phase-Shifted Ar ray Resonator Slab Waveguide CO2 Lasers…………Tang Xiao-jun, Zhao Zong-hai, Xin Jian-guo (1247)Gaussian-Type Breath Modes of Spatial Soliton Formed in Logarithmically Saturable Nonlinear Media …………Tang Yong-lin, Li Da-yi, Chen Jian-guo, Kang Jun (1253)Vector Theory of Off-Axial Gaussian Wave ... Zeng Xiao-dong, Liang Chang-hong, An Yu-ying (1260)6000 CONDENSED MATTER: STRUCTURE, THERMAL AND MECHANICAL PRO PERTIESCalculations of the Formation Energies of Point Defects in Alkaline Earth Fluorides . .. Jin Qing-hua, Feng Shao-xin, Guo Zhen-ya, Li Bao-hui, Ding Da-tong (1268)Effect of Medium-Energy Radiation on C60 Films Yao Jiang-hong, Xu Jing-jun, Zhang Guang-yin, Zou Yun-juan, Chen Guang-hua, Yang Ru, Jin Yong-fan (1274)Grazing

  9. CORRIGENDUM: Prospects for a new boson W+/-1 in the minimal Higgsless model at the LHC Prospects for a new boson W+/-1 in the minimal Higgsless model at the LHC

    Chen, Ming-Shui; Bian, Jian-Guo; Chen, Guo-Ming; He, Hong-Jian; Jiang, Chun-Hua; Li, Zu-Hao; Liang, Song; Meng, Xiang-Wei; Qi, Yong-Hui; Tang, Zhi-Cheng; Tao, Jun-Quan; Wang, Zheng; Wang, Jian; Wang, Jian; Wang, Xian-You; Wang, Jian-Xiong; Xiao, Hong; Yang, Min; Zang, Jing-Jing; Zhang, Bin; Zhang, Zhen; Zhang, Zhen-Xia


    The author list originally given in the above article (Ming-Shui Chen, Jian-Guo Bian, Guo-Ming Chen, Hong-Jian He, Chun-Hua Jiang, Zu-Hao Li, Song Liang, Xiang-Wei Meng, Yong-Hui Qi, Zhi-Cheng Tang, Jun-Quan Tao, Zheng Wang, Jian Wang, Jian Wang, Xian-You Wang, Jian-Xiong Wang, Hong Xiao, Min Yang, Jing-Jing Zang, Bin Zhang, Zhen Zhang and Zhen- Xia Zhang) is incorrect. The correct author list is: Ming-Shui Chen, Jian-Guo Bian, Guo-Ming Chen, Chun-Hua Jiang, Zu-Hao Li, Song Liang, Xiang-Wei Meng, Zhi-Cheng Tang, Jun-Quan Tao, Zheng Wang, Jian Wang, Jian Wang, Xian-You Wang, Jian-Xiong Wang, Hong Xiao, Min Yang, Jing-Jing Zang, Bin Zhang, Zhen Zhang and Zhen-Xia Zhang. Hong-Jian He and Yong-Hui Qi did not take part in the writing of this text and do not bear any responsibility for its contents. Also, reference [4] in the paper should be corrected to: [4] Hong-Jian He et al 2008 Phys. Rev. D 78 031701(R)

  10. 乌龙丹对多梗死性痴呆模型大鼠血液黏度、内皮素及一氧化氮的影响%Effect of wu long dan on blood viscosity,endothelin and nitric oxide in rat model of multi-infarct dementia

    彭康; 臧坤堂


    BACKGROUND: Wu long dan is the experienced formula summarized in the long-term clinical practice on the treatment ischemic cerebral vascular disorder and aims at "benefiting qi,strengthening spleen,tonifying kidney,activating blood circulation,promoting circulation of collaterals and resolving phlegm". It is indicated in the previous researches that such formula acts on improving microcirculation of cerebrum,regulating neural endocrinal system and being against cerebral ischemic injury. The increased blood viscosity and disturbance endothelin and nitric oxide(NO) secreted from vessels and nerve cells have participated in the pathological progression of multi-infarct dementia(MID) and affect mutually.OBJECTIVE: To probe into the effect of wu long dan on blood viscosity,NO and endothelin in MID model in rats by duplicating MID rat model.DESIGN: A randomized controlled and experimental study based on the experimental animals.SETTING: Department of traditional Chinese medicine in a military medical university of Chinese PLA.MATERIALS: The experiment was performed in Laboratory of Department of Traditional Chinese Medicine in First Military Medical University of Chinese PLA and Laboratory of Department of Neurological Internal Medicine in affiliated Zhujiang Hospital from January to August 2002. SD male rats of clean grade were employed,weighted(270 ± 30) g (Qualified No. 2000337). In the experiment,there were blank control,model group,wu long dan low dosage group and wu long dan high dosage group.METHODS: After internal carotid artery isolated,dried blood suspension of homologous rats was injected at the ratio of 1:200 to prepare MID rat model. Cone-plate stationary method was adopted for the determination of blood viscosity,radioimmunoassay was for the determination of endothelin and cadmium-reduction-colorimetric method was for NO determination. Water-alcohol sedimentation was for the preparation of wu long dan.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Primary indexes: whole blood

  11. Characteristics of fish fauna and status of fish resources in Wu Jiao nature reserve and its adjacent%勿角自然保护区及邻近水域鱼类区系特征和资源现状

    曾燏; 马永红; 陈建武


    2010年11月、2011年5月对四川省九寨沟勿角自然保护区及其邻近水域鱼类物种多样性进行调查,共采集到鱼类6种,共182尾,隶属于3目4科.其中,土著鱼类5种,外来种1种;鲤形目4种,占鱼类物种数的66.67%,鲇形目和鲑形目各有1种,均占鱼类物种数的16.67%.保护区鱼类主要组成为老第三纪原始类群和青藏高原类群,兼有少量的北方冷水类群.其中长江上游特有鱼类3种,占鱼类物种总数的50%;属于四川省重点保护野生动物的有2种,占鱼类物种总数的33.33%.保护区鱼类在食性和栖息习性等方面分别属于不同的生态类型.掠夺性获取,水环境破坏,以及外来种入侵是保护区鱼类资源面临的最大威胁,针对以上威胁提出了相应的保护对策.%An investigation was conducted to the fish biodiversity and fish habitats of Wu Jiao Nature Resources and its adjacent from November 2010 to May 2011. A total of 182 specimens of fish belonging to 6 species 4 families and 3 orders were recorded. Among them, 5 were endemic, 1 were exotic. There were 4 species of Cypriniformes, one specie of Siluri-formes and Salmoniformes, accounting for 66. 67% , 16. 67% of the total species, respectively. The faunal characteristic was mainly of Later Tertiary Period Primitive group and Tibetan Plateau Croup, and a spot of North Cold Water Croup. Among them, 3 species were endemic to the Yangtze River, accounting for 50% of the total and 2 species were Sichuan provincial wild animals, accounting for 33.33% of the total. The fish in the Wu Jiao Nature Reserve belonged to different ecological types in feeding and inhabitation. Devastating fishing, changes in environmental water and the invasion of alien species were the most serious threats to the local fishery resources, and some countermeasures were proposed for conservation and management of the resources.

  12. 准噶尔盆地乌夏地区二叠系风城组云质岩类成因研究%Origin of Dolomitic Reservoir Rock in the Permian Fengcheng Formation in Wu-Xia Area of the Junggar Basin

    朱世发; 朱筱敏; 陶文芳; 刘诗奇; 陈贺贺; 张越迁


    The dolomitic rocks of the Permian Fengcheng Formation are formed under special geologic conditions, and are important hydrocarbon reservoir rocks in Wu-Xia area in the Junggar Basin. Data of petrologic characteristics, SEM EDS and stable isotope composition indicate that dolomitizing host rocks are volcaniclassic rocks. Dolomitizing fluids probably came from brine from nearshore and shallow-water lake deposits in the Fengcheng Formation, which formed under arid climatic conditions, and from residual Mg-rich seawater from underlying Jiamuhe Formation and Carboniferous strata. Tuff has a significant content of plagioclase, in which anorthite and labradorite hydrolysis by CO2 can be couple with calcite precipitation. Later, Mg-rich brine percolate and replace calcite of the first stage to precipitate dolostones. The dolomitizing fluid has been driven by the thermal convection flow generated by volcanic eruption. At the same time, the overthrust of the Wu-Xia growth fault have speeded up the flow of deep Mg-rich water upwards, and induced the water to quickly penetrate and horizontally migrate in the strata. Fracture and fault play important role in controlling the formation of dolostone and the distribution of favorable reservoir.%  准噶尔盆地乌夏地区风城组发育的云质岩类是一套特殊成因的、重要的油气储层。岩石学、扫描电镜能谱和稳定同位素分析表明,发生白云岩化作用的母岩是火山凝灰物质,白云岩化的流体来自风城组干旱气候条件下形成的咸化滨浅湖卤水以及下伏佳木河组和石炭系残留的富镁海水。凝灰岩中富含大量的斜长石,其中的富钙长石在二氧化碳参与下水解蚀变,沉淀方解石(即方解石化)。后期富镁卤水渗滤早期形成的方解石,成岩交代形成白云岩。富镁流体运移受火山喷发产生的热流驱动,产生热对流环。同时,乌夏断裂同生逆掩活动加快深层

  13. TABLE OF CONTENTS and ABSTRACTS reprinted from ACTA PHYSICA SINICA,Vol.49,No.3 (2000)


    Laser Plasma Shock Wave………………………………………… Bian Bao-min, Chen Jian-ping, Yang Ling, Ni Xiao-wu, Lu Jian (448)Effect of Stimulated Raman Scatting on Signals in Single-Mode Silica Fiber in Density Wavelength Di- vision Multiplexed System……………………………… Gong Jia-min, Fang Qiang, Liu Juan, Wang Yong-chang (454) Optical Vortex Solitons in Photovoltaic-Photorefractive Medium …………………………………………………………………… Ling Zhen-fang, Guo Ru, Lin Si-min, Zhang Guang-yin (459) Small-Scale Self-Focusing of Nonparaxial Laser Beams .…………………………………………………… Wen Shuang-chun, Fan Dian-yuan (462) Potassium Lithium Niobate Crystal and the Second Har- monic Generation in It…………………………………………………… Yu Tian-yan, Yu Bing-kun, Wang Qi, Wan You-bao, Pan Shou-kui (467) Analytical Expressions of Second- and Third-Order Dis- persion for Four-Prism Sequence Used at Other than Brewster's Angle of Incidence Zhang Ruo-bing, Pang Dong-qing, Sun Jing-hua, Wang Qing-yue, Zhang Shu-kui, Wen Guo-qing (474)Numerical Sixmulation of Self-Seeding for Timing Jit- ter Reduction in a Gain-Switched Distribution Feed- back Laser…………………………………… Wang Xu-fang, Yao Min-yu, Xu Lei, Zhang Jian-feng, Chen Ming-hua, Gao Yi-zhi (479)Sound Scattering by Fluid-Saturated Porous Cyli- nders Zhou Yu-feng, Wang Yao-jun, Ma Li, Gao Tian-fu ( 486 )5000 FLUIDS, PLASMAS AND ELECTRIC DISCHARGESModel of Free Burning Arc at Thermal Emission Cath- ode Zone………………………………………………………… Hie Yu, Guo Wen-kang, Shao Qi-yun, Xu Ping (491)Studies on the Production and Suppression Mechanism of the Hot Electrons Produced by Short Wavelength Laser……………………………… Qi Lan-ying, Jiang Xiao-hua, Zhao Xue-wei, Li San-wei, Zhang Wen- hai, Li Chao-guang, Zheng Zhi-jian, Ding Yong-kun ( 496 )Numerical Simulation of

  14. Lin-Na and Yong-Xiu Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. (2014) 11 ...


    swimming time of the rats, as well as decrease the blood lactic acid (BLA), and .... temperature of 22 ± 2°C, with humidity of 50 ± 10% and 12-hrs light-dark cycle. ..... cells against apoptosis caused by zearalenone via Bax and Bcl-2 regulation.

  15. GC-MS Analysis on the Components of Volatile Oil from Wu MedicineMentha haplocalyx and Measurement of Menthol Contents%吴药薄荷挥发油成分的GC-MS分析与薄荷醇含量测定

    祝祎玮; 怀悦; 何翠翠


    目的 通过对苏州市地区5个吴药薄荷药材挥发油成分、含量等相关的研究,为吴门药用植物资源的保护问题提供理论和实验依据.方法 采用水蒸汽蒸馏法进行挥发油的提取,运用GC-MS进行化学成分鉴定及含量测定,计算其相似度.结果 挥发油含量从0.2%至1.7% (mL/g)不等.除一个样品外,其余相似度都较高.结论 苏州地区吴药薄荷其化学成分丰富,薄荷醇含量较高,值得保护与开发.%OBJECTIVE To provide theoretical and experimental basis for protection of the Wu medicinal plant resources on the basis of study into the components and contents of volatile oil from mentha species in Suzhou region. Method Volatile oils were extracted with steam distillation, their chemical components were identified and contents were conducted by GC-MS to analyze their similarity. Result The contents of violate oil from five Mentha Haplocalyx samples varied from 0.2% to 1.7 % (mL/g). 9,8, 16,12 and 9 compounds in the oils were identified respectively. Besides, the menthol contents were determined with naphthol as the internal standard. The method is rapid, accurate and reproducible. With the help of computer aided similarity evaluation system, four samples were found high similarity. Conclusion: Since there are abundant chemical components and high levels of menthol in Mentha haplocalyx in Suzhou region, it is worthy of protection and development.

  16. 儿童权利的法律呵护--读吴鹏飞著《儿童权利一般理论研究》%Legal Rights of the Child Care---Reading Wu Pengfei’s General Theory Study of Children’s Rights



    儿童权利理论研究领域中的新篇大作---吴鹏飞先生的《儿童权利一般理论研究》,最近由中国政法大学出版社出版发行。书中明确了儿童权利概念的内涵与外延,拓展和深化了儿童权利研究的范围,有力地回应了我国儿童权利理论与实践所面临的困境。著作以儿童为本位,从宪法学人权理论入手,站在权利哲学的高度,基于全球视野,对儿童权利理论进行的基础性研究的新理念、多视角、落脚点等值得理论与实务界高度重视。%A new masterpiece in the field of theoretical research of children's rights --- Mr. Wu Pengfei’s General Theory Study of Children’s Rights -has recently been published by the Press of China University of Political Science and Law. The book defines the connotation and denotation of the concept of children’s rights, expands and deepens the scope of the study of children’s rights, and effectively responds to the dilemma facing the theory and practice of children’s rights in China. Taking children as the center and starting with theory of human rights in Constitution studies, the books reaches the height of philosophy of rights and pays great attention to new concepts, multiple perspective and foundations of the basic research of children’s rights.

  17. 女儿笔底女儿心——《吴吴山三妇合评牡丹亭还魂记》评语的女性立场%Heart of Women Seen in Female Literature——On Feminine Stand in Wu Wushan's Three Wives Commenting on The Peony Pavilion



    在《牡丹亭》的众多评点本中,《吴吴山三妇合评牡丹亭还魂记》以其清丽典雅的评语和独具一格的女性视角,鲜明地反映了当时闺阁妇女的文学艺术观念和生活观念。本文先总论三妇批语,分析她们对杜、柳之"情"的心理观照和对丽娘之"梦"的深层解析,探讨她们所表现出的对美好爱情生活的理想追求;然后分论三妇批语,剖析她们对《牡丹亭》之"情"的不同体悟,研究她们所表现出的强烈的女性意识。%Among the various annotated versions of The Peony Pavilion,Wu Wushan's Three Wives Commenting on The Peony Pavilion reflects vividly women's ideas about literature,art and life at the time with its lucid and elegant style and unique feminine perspective.This paper first discusses views of the three wives on"love"between Du and Liu in the story and their deep analysis on the"dream" of Du Liniang,probing into their pursuit of beautiful love and happy life.Then the paper analyzes three wives' different understandings of the"love" in The Peony Pavilion and studies their strong feminine consciousness.

  18. The Representative Poet of Wu School of Poor Scholars of Poems in the Daoguang and Xianfeng Period of Qing Dynasty--Shen Jinxue%道咸诗坛吴门寒士群体的代表诗人沈谨学



      清代道咸年间,沈谨学与江湜、贝青乔等相酬唱,他们的诗歌主要反映当时底层知识分子艰难的生活,也关心国家内忧外困的政局。同时,他们对当时弥漫诗坛的格调派和性灵派,均有所不满。他们学宋,又倡导清新自然的诗风。因此,他们被称为“吴门寒士群体”诗人。沈谨学无疑是其中的杰出代表。他足不出吴地,穷困潦倒,以纯粹白描的手法抒写了艰难时世之苦难人士的磨难生活%  During the Daoguang and Xianfeng period of Qing Dynasty, Shen Jinxue, Jiang Shi, Bei Qinqiao and some others responded with a poem as their communicative means. Their poems reflect the common intellectual’s tough life and the crisis of domestic and overseas political situations. And at the same time, they dissatisfied the school of formal style and personal nature which had spread all over the place of poetic circles. They learned the poems of Song Dynasty and proposed organic and refreshed poetic style. So they were called Wu School of Poor Scholars of Poems. This paper tries to summarize the key methods and content of their poems’characteristics and values by means of the research of Shen Jinxue’s poetry.

  19. Simultaneous determination of three alkaloids, four ginsenosides and limonin in the plasma of normal and headache rats after oral administration of Wu-Zhu-Yu decoction by a novel ultra fast liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method: application to a comparative pharmacokinetics and ethological study.

    Xu, Huarong; Li, Qing; Yin, Yidi; Lv, Chunxiao; Sun, Wanyang; He, Bosai; Liu, Ran; Chen, Xiaohui; Bi, Kaishun


    A novel, sensitive and reliable ultra fast liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UFLC-MS/MS) method has been developed and validated for simultaneous quantitation of eight main active ingredients (evodiamine, rutaecarpine, dehydroevodiamine, limonin, ginsenoside Rb1, Rd, Re and Rg1) in rat plasma after oral administration of Wu-Zhu-Yu (WZY) decoction, which is a celebrated and widely used Traditional Chinese Medicine formula for the treatment of headache. The analytes and internal standard (IS) were separated on a SHIM-PACK XR-ODS II column, and the detection was performed on a UFLC-MS/MS system with turbo ion spray source. The lower limits of quantification were 1.5, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, 2.0, 1.0, 0.5 and 0.2 ng ml(-1) for evodiamine, rutaecarpine, dehydroevodiamine, limonin, gensenoside Rb1, Rd, Re and Rg1, respectively. Linearity, accuracy, precision and absolute recoveries of the eight analytes were all within satisfaction. The IS-normalized matrix factor was adopted for assessing the matrix effect and accompanied with a satisfactory result. The validated method has been successfully applied to compare pharmacokinetic profiles of the eight active ingredients in rat plasma between normal and headache rats after administration. Exact pharmaceutical effect of WZY decoction on headache was demonstrated by the ethological response of headache rats induced by nitric oxide donor after administration. The results indicated that the absorption of evodiamine, rutaecarpine, gensenoside Rb1, Re and Rg1 in headache group were significantly higher than those in normal group with similar concentration-time curves while no significant differences existed in limonin and ginsenoside Rd between the two groups.

  20. The Solemnity and Charm of Oscar Wilde:a Review of Wu Gang's A Study of Oscar Wilde's Literary Theory%王尔德的严肃与魅力——试评吴刚《王尔德文艺理论研究》



    Speaking of Wilde and his literary theory,most of us like to talk about his aestheticism and his theory about life imitating art.However,his theory system is not limited to this point.A Study of Oscar Wilde's Literary Theory by Professor Wu gang is the first monograph that specializes in Wilde's literary theory and it expounds Oscar Wilde's theory system from many aspects,including the function and position of criticism and critic,the relationship between art and virtue,art and nature,art and society.He analyzes Wilde's theory in a very comprehensive and detailed way,which brings a new perspective for studies on Oscar Wilde and his literary theory.%关于奥斯卡.王尔德和文学理论的关系,大家津津乐道的是他的唯美主义和生活模仿艺术的观点,然而王尔德的理论体系不仅仅是这么一点,吴刚教授所著《王尔德文艺理论研究》,作为国内第一部综合专门论述王尔德文艺理论思想的专著,从王尔德理论中批评及批评家的功能和位置,艺术和道德,艺术和自然,艺术和社会的角度深层次地分析了王尔德的理论体系。这种研究角度和方法为王尔德研究提供了一条新的研究思路。

  1. 近代江南市镇的空间分布——以1930年代吴县市镇为中心%Spatial Distribution of Modern Jiangnan Towns: Taking Towns in Wu County in 1930s as the Center

    胡勇军; 陆文青


    The famous theory of "the Skinner Model" put forward by the American historian G. William Skinner, provides a new analytical model for researches on Chinese market and regional system from the perspective of market structure. In the modern times, the distribution of towns in the areas south of Yangtze River was mainly affected by nature, geographical environment and economic structure. However, with increasing prosperity of towns, markets have exerted greater influences on the distribution of towns. Towns in Wu County have developed maturely into town network system, whose distribution is similar to "the Skinner model" in some aspects.%美国历史学家施坚雅提出“施坚雅模式”是从市场结构角度对中国集市和区域体系研究提出的一种新的分析模式。近代江南市镇分布最初多受自然、地理环境和经济结构的影响,但随着市镇经济的不断繁荣。市场因素对市镇分布的影响越来越大。吴县地区的市镇经由点到面的发展,最终形成一个比较成熟的市镇网络体系,其分布在某些方面与施坚雅模式存在一定的吻合。

  2. Interactions between Official Records and Folk Discourses:A Study around the Mysterious Stories about WU Ze-tian%官方记载与民间话语的互动--以武则天神秘类故事为中心



    The stories concerning WU Ze-tian has gone through the change from history to literature.Her image has changed from an ordinary person to a goddess.The attitude toward her has undergone alternation from depreciation to sincere compliment.As for the content,there were only a few words at first,but now the stories about her can be found anywhere. The mysterious stories concerning the empress are mainly from the official records and folk tales.The different standing leads to different inclination of depreciation and compliment.And the official records are largely depreciated,whereas the folk leg-ends are mostly commendatory.%武则天故事经历了一个从历史到文学的转移过程,其间经历了一系列变化。人物形象从普通凡人转移成灵异神人,感情色彩上从逐渐贬低到真心褒扬,结构内容上从只言片语到连缀全篇。武则天神秘类故事主要分为两个层面,官方记载和民间传说。立场不同产生不同的褒贬倾向,官方的记载以贬低武则天为主,而民间故事多以颂扬武则天为主。

  3. 秘响傍通 恍惚相似——论李贺诗与梦窗词艺术处理之异同%A Study on the Similarities and Dissimilarities Between Li He and Wu Wenying in the Artistic Treatment of their Poems



    Both Wu Wenying (alias, Meng Chuang) and Li He felt intensely depressed in the reality. They also made an elaborate study and strove for perfection in their artistic treatment of their writings. Their poems were bright, colorful and vague. They had quite a lot of similarities between their poetic context and ci-poetic context, especially the creative use of color, sound, time and space in Li He' s poems received some kind of unusual response and reactivation in Meng Chuang' s ci-poems. Instead of just following Li' s steps, Meng Chuang, as Li He' s follower in a different dynasty, chose to derive rich and adequate artistic nutrition from Li' s poems and brightened his artistic life by the development and creation of his own ci-poems.%吴文英和李贺在现实中都有强烈的压抑感,他们在艺术处理上也都苦心经营、精益求精,其作品艳丽多姿、迷离恍惚,在“词境”和“诗境”方面有很多相似之处,特别是李贺诗中对色彩、声音、时间、空间的创造性运用,在梦窗词中得到了某种异乎寻常的响应和复活。梦窗作为李贺的异代知己,不是一味地拜倒在其脚下,而是善于汲取李贺诗中丰富而又切合自身的艺术营养,有所发展和创新,使自己的艺术生命焕发出新的光彩。

  4. 霜钟摇落溪山月惟有梅花冷自香*--评吴淑元著作《传统文化的璀璨明珠--中国古典音乐审美特征研究》%Frost Bell Shakes Down the Moon on Mountain Xi, Only the Plum Blossom Incense in the Cold---Comments on the Book Bright Pearl in Traditional Culture -Research on Aesthetic Characteristics ofChinese Classical Music Written by Wu Shuyuan



    The book Bright Pearl in Traditional Culture-Research on Aesthetic Characteristics ofChinese Classical Music written by Wu Shuyuan has far-reaching significance,strict scientific system,thorough novel analysis, rich information,and high academic value.%吴淑元老师《传统文化的璀璨明珠———中国古典音乐审美特征研究》一书,选题意义深远,体系科学严密,分析新颖透彻,资料丰富翔实,具有较高的学术价值。

  5. Computer solutions of Wu's equations for compressible flow through turbomachines

    Smith, D. J. L.


    Two computers programs, known as Matrix Through-Flow and Matrix Blade-To-Blade, for analyzing the meridional and blade-to-blade flow patterns are described. The numerical solutions are obtained by finite difference approximations to the governing Poisson-type differential equations for the stream function. Solutions for several turbomachines, giving flow patterns and velocity distributions, are included.


    Preferred Customer

    for Nationalities, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Nanning, Guangxi 530006,. China ... During the last decade, the number of studies related to the synthesis of ... possibility to rationally design and prepare supramolecular networks. ... syntheses, structural characterization, and spectral analyses of two new ...

  7. Supply chain management in selected clothing retail businesses / Jianling Wu

    Wu, Jianling


    In today's highly competitive, global market place the pressure on organizations to find new ways to create and deliver value to customers grows ever strong. At the same time, market maturity combined with new sources of global competition has led to over-capacity in many industries leading to an inevitable pressure on price. Managers are increasingly interested in actively managing their supply chains because of environmental changes. The study is aimed to identify the importa...

  8. 恽铁樵《武侠丛谈》的写实倾向--兼论清末民初小说的写实主义潮流%On the Realistic Tendency of Wu Xia Cong Tan Edited by Yun Tie-qiao



    Wu Xia Cong Tan, edited by Yun Tieqiao, is a collection of martial arts fictions published in Novel Monthly during the time he was the editor of the journal. This book shows the realism color with the characteristics of the times from two aspects. Firstly, some authors emphasized the credibility of the novel with the help of comments and literature. Secondly, some work also highlighted the function of education based on the chivalrous spirit of writing. Yun�s realistic thought not only emphasized the social function of novel, but also looked on writing realistically as the important path to realize the function of novel. The realistic tendency of the book was a concrete manifestation of the concept of Yun. Yun�s thoughts played a transitional role in the trend of realism in the late Qing dynasty and early Republic of China.%恽铁樵编辑的《武侠丛谈》是一部武侠小说合集,其中的篇目在小说集出版前大多已刊发在由其主编的《小说月报》上。《武侠丛谈》在两个方面表现出具有时代特征的写实倾向:一是其中不少作者借助点评和文学呈现强调了小说的可信度;一是部分作品还通过对侠义精神的书写突出了小说的训谕性。恽铁樵的写实主义小说观强调小说的社会功用,并将写实作为小说功用实现的重要路径,《武侠丛谈》的写实倾向正是恽铁樵这一观念的具体表现。恽铁樵的写实主义小说观在清末民初写实主义潮流中具有承前启后的意义。

  9. 落花之咏:陈宝琛王国维吴宓陈寅恪之心灵诗学%Poetry of Falling Flowers:Mental Poetics of Chen Baochen,Wang Guowei,Wu Mi and Chen Yinke



    透过长达近百年的一组“落花诗”,挖掘近现代诗学一支深隐的心灵诗学谱系。即从陈宝琛到王国维、吴宓、陈寅恪,代代相传、自觉而灵心相通、有文化托命意识的一种精神传统。“落花之咏”成为认知的图式和抒情的背景,笼罩着众多繁杂深细的诗学书写。其中又隐藏着有关近现代诗与思、历史与政治、个人命运与家国大局、信仰与理性等论域的重大信息。在百年中国文学与文化的传统与变革大背景中,既属知识心灵的一种诗性记忆,亦不失为极富启示意义的一笔美学遗产。%Through poetry of falling flowers over the 100 years,explore a system of mental poetics in mod-ern times,which is a spiritual tradition from Chen Baochen,Wang Guowei,Wu Mi to Chen Yinke,with a consciousness of cultural task passing from generation to generation.“Poetry of falling flowers”becomes a cognitive schema and background to express feelings in many deep and detailed poetic writing,which covers important information on modern poetry and thinking,history and politics,personal fate and national situa-tion,belief and reason.In the 100 year background of Chinese literary and cultural traditions and transfor-mation,it is both a poetic memory of knowledge mind and significant aesthetic heritage.

  10. 《苏州城墙》:复活每一块城砖的历史记忆--以城墙为中心的吴文化巡礼%The City Walls of Suzhou:To Resurrect the Historical Memory of Each Block Bricks:A Survey of Wu Culrure Centering on City Walls



    The City Walls of Suzhou is not a ifrst book on city walls, but compared with similar studies home and abroad, this book, in addition to full and accurate data, pictures, has several prominent features:general size and tolerance, the pursuit of archaeology and measurement precision, highlight of the Wu culture. As for the protection of Suzhou city wall and rehabilitation, this book follows the principles of authenticity and integrity, rather than large-scale restoration and construction. The full collection and collation of literature on ancient city wall, the completion of archaeological and measuring work of the Suzhou ancient city wall ruins and the recovery of historical memory of every piece of brick, are supposed to go before the rehabilitation work. The publication of The City Walls of Suzhou is a remarkable step in all the above-mentioned solid work.%《苏州城墙》一书无意开城墙研究的风气之先,但与国内外的同类研究专著相比,该著除了资料翔实、图文并茂之外,具有几个突出特点:通史的规模与气度、追求考古与测量的精确、凸显吴文化的深厚底蕴。关于苏州城墙的保护与复建,该著认为应认真调研、循序渐进,遵循真实性和整体性原则,不必急于大规模复原与兴建。充分搜集整理古城墙的文献资料、完成苏州古城墙遗址的考古与测量、恢复每一块城砖的历史记忆,理应是走在复建前面的更为扎实有益的工作。《苏州城墙》的编著出版,便是这扎实工作中具有标志性的一步。

  11. A Probe into Three Wives of ZHU Ba-jie and WU Cheng-en Who Is not the Author of Western Journey%猪八戒三“妻”考议——兼及《西游记》非吴承恩所作



    早期西游文学文本以至百回本《西游记》中猪八戒之“妻”有三:裴海棠、卵二姐、高翠兰。这三个形象的设计分别植根于不同的文化渊源,具有各自的文化内涵,体现了不同作者或同一作者不同情况下的艺术匠心。但一贯地都主要服务于猪八戒典型形象的塑造,即作为猪八戒欲望的对象,以成就猪八戒为世俗“好丈夫”、“好女婿”形象,尤其是帮助突出了猪八戒“有顽心,色情未泯”(第一百回)之为“色”所累者的本性。这一本性是八戒修行学佛最大障碍,却是他作为文学形象最根本的性格特点。至于从《西游记》两写猪八戒“倒踏门”的无所顾忌甚或以为得意,推断其《西游记》的作者不象是父为赘婿的吴承恩,虽不自本文始,但其作为《西游记》作者非吴承恩的内证,却是再作强调而决不过分的。%In the early books concerning western journey including the one with 100 chapters, ZHU Ba-jie had three wives: PEI Hai-tang, LUAN Er-jie and GAO Cui-lan. The design of the three figures was rooted in different cultures and they had different cultural connotations. In addition, they showed the artistic capability of different authors or the same author un- der different circumstances. Nevertheless, this has contributed to the shaping of the classical figure ZHU Ba-jie with strong lust and the figure as a good husband and son-in-law. And it has especially helped to highlight the randy nature of ZHU who found his head deeply in sex. This nature has become the biggest barrier to the practice of Buddhism. In spite of that, it is made a striking literary feature. From ZHU's hesitation at no act in his two marriages, one can infer that the author of Western Journey does not seem to be WU Cheng-en whose father was the son-in-law living together with his wife's parents.

  12. 再评邬焜先生关于人类认知的客观对象不是物质而是客观信息(自在信息)问题%A Re-Comment on Mr Wu Kun's View that the Object of Human Being's Cognition is not Substance but Objective Information(In-itself Information)



    "Philosophy of Information"makes a division of"The realms of existence"by the case of"the moon in water", considering Lenin's definition of matter is an priori view without strict scientific or logical argumentation, which is not able to be unestablished;The objective things"that can be duplicated, filmed and reflected by our feelings"are not"objective realities (like the moon)"are objective unrealities(like the moon in water), which functions as"objective information (self-being information)"indeed."Objective information (self-being information) exists from the beginning of the universe (when the cosmological time is zero), and it can"make an evolution on its own"via its pure ways. The so-called"discussion on the stage of human's cognition"repeats that"the cognition"or"subjective information(spirit)"must depend on the objects from"objective information (self-being information)"to describe or create;"secondary qualities (unrealities, mediate existing )"are "the primary qualities". It is still indefensible when Pro.Wu Kun's allegations faced with logical and practical inspection. "Objective information (self-being information)"makes the matter being in vain in the field of philosophy .%“信息哲学”以“水中月”为案例,对“存在领域”进行重新“分割”,认为列宁关于物质的定义“是未经严格的科学或逻辑论证的、难以成立的先验性观念”;能够被“我们的感觉所复写、摄影、反映”的客观对象不是“客观实在(如月亮)”的物质,而是“客观不实在(如水中月)”的“客观信息(自在信息)”。“客观信息(自在信息)”不仅自宇宙开端(宇宙时为零)就存在,而且能够“以其纯自然的方式”“自身演化自身”。所谓“人类感知能力发展阶段的讨论”,再次重申“人类感知”或“主观信息(精神)”,必须以“客观信息(自在信息)”为“把握或创造”的对象;“客观

  13. 加权Logistic回归模型在火山岩型铜矿预测中的应用:以宁芜盆地中段为例%Application of the Weighted Logistic Regression Model in Prediction of Volcanic Rock-Hosted Copper Deposits-Taking the Middle Part of Ning-Wu Basin as an Example

    赵增玉; 陈火根; 潘懋; 贾根; 李向前; 徐士银; 郭刚; 张祥云


    Application of the Weighted Logistic Regression model in prediction of volcanic rock type Copper deposits in the Middle part of Ning-Wu Basin is studied. First, the geological setting of ore-forming processes is analyzed. Three kinds of factors including geological body, structure and wall rock alteration are extracted based on the spatial distribution of copper deposits from the geologic map. Then, the spatial relationships between Copper mineral occurrence and each evidence factor are analyzed. It is suggested that Niangniangshan and Gushan volcanic edifice play an important role in spatial distributions of volcanic rock-hosted Copper deposits. The ten evidence raster layers including Longwangshan Formation, Gushan Formation, trachyte porphyry of Gushan volcanic edifice, monzonite porphyry of Niangniangshan volcanic edifice, buffers of the structure lines with NE, NW and EW trending, and the alteration areas of chalcopyrite, silicide and Limonite are selected. Finally, metallogenic probabilities are calculated using the Weighted Logistic Regression model. Four ore-forming prospects, including P1, P2, P3 and P4, are indicated based on the geological conditions of metallogenesis and model results. Among these prospecting areas, P1, P2 and P3, which are controlled by Niangniangshan and Gushan volcanic edifice, are spread in the northeast direction. P4 extends in the west-east direction and is controlled by Longwangshan volcanic edifice. The copper ore bodies are already found in these prospecting areas, suggesting that the results should be generally reliable.%文中探讨了加权Logistic回归模型在宁芜盆地中段火山岩型铜矿预测中的应用.首先,结合研究区的成矿地质背景,提取地质体、构造、围岩蚀变三大类证据因子;其次,分析各证据因子与铜矿点之间的空间关系,认为姑山旋回、娘娘山旋回火山机构控制了本区火山岩型铜矿的空间分布,根据计算结果,选取与火山岩型铜矿密


    马慧群; 冯捷; 张宪旗; 牟宽厚; 刘超; 牛新武; 党倩丽


    Vitiligoisacommonskindiseaesmanifestedby depigmentedwhitepatchessurroundedbyanormal orahyperpigmentedborder,causedbymelanocyte selectivilydestroy[1].Melanocyteishappenedby theneuralcrest,whichwouldmigratedtobasallay erofepidermisandhairfolliculuspilibywayof dorso lateralmethodinnormalperson,willbeacti vatedandmultiplicatedandmigratedtoepidermle sioninperiodofvitiligorecovery[2].Thoughthe traditionalChinesemedicinehasbettercurative effectintreatingthevitiligo,molecularmechanism controlsmelanocyteresponses...

  15. Clinical Observation on Promotion Effect of Wound Healing Postoperative Anal Fistula by Retention Enema of ModifiedWu-Wei Xiao-DuDecoction%五味消毒饮加味保留灌肠促进肛瘘术后创面愈合的临床观察*

    王燕; 麻清; 丁克; 梅笑玲; 周永坤


    目的:观察五味消毒饮加味保留灌肠在减轻肛瘘术后并发症的临床疗效并探讨其作用机理。方法:在符合纳入标准的病例中选择60例病人,随机分为治疗组和对照组,各30例。两组患者均诊断为低位单纯性肛瘘,并采用低位单纯性肛瘘切开术,术后换药时分别给予五味消毒饮加味或复方黄柏液各30 mL保留灌肠,每日1次。详细观察创面渗液、色泽、肛周瘙痒情况,并评分,比较腐肉脱落时间、新生上皮出现时间、创面缩小率、创面愈合时间及术后第21天临床总疗效。结果:两组比较,创面渗液情况在术后第7天、第14天治疗组优于对照组,第21天两组无显著差异;创面色泽情况在术后第7天、第14天治疗组优于对照组;肛周瘙痒情况在术后第7天、第14天、第21天治疗组优于对照组;创面腐肉脱落时间及新生上皮出现时间,治疗组均早于对照组;术后第7天、第14天、第21天两组创面缩小率无显著差异;术后第21天两组临床总疗效以及两组创面平均愈合时间均无明显差异。结论:五味消毒饮加味可缩短炎症反应阶段、减少创面渗出、减轻瘙痒症状,可使腐肉尽早脱,促进新生上皮组织生长。%This study was aimed to observe the promotion effect of wound healing retention enema for postoperative anal fistula by modifiedWu-Wei Xiao-Du(WWXD) decoction, in order to explore its mechanism. A total of 60 patients who met the inclusion criteria were randomly divided into the treatment group and control group, with 30 cases in each group. Patients in both groups were diagnosed as simple low anal fistula and treated with low anal fistula incision. The retention enema of 30 mL modified WWXD decoction or complexHuang-Bai fluid were given once a day for postoperative dressing changes. Detailed observations and scores were made on wound exudate, color, and itching around the anus. The

  16. A New Vision of Theoretical Study of Mongolian Instrumental Music:An Evaluation of “Individual, Tradition and New Vision--Research of Wu Yunlong’s Four-string Fiddle Art”%蒙古族器乐理论研究的新视界--评苏雅《个体•传统与新视界--吴云龙四胡艺术研究》



    The monograph “Individual, Tradition and New Vision—Research of Wu Yunlong’s Four-string Fiddle Art” by Mongolian four-string fiddle performer Su Ya was published by Chinese Academy of Sciences Press in October 2014. With experience of playing four-string fiddle more than a dozen years, Su Ya made herself a master of Horchin folk songs, Uliger tunes and instrumental music. On this basis, she used research methods such as oral history interview, field work, comparative musicology, ethnomusicology to write this book which includes an introduction and six chapters. In this book reflecting original views and shining ideas, Su Ya respectively interpreted social changes of modern Horchin area, folk music inheritance and distribution, history origin of four-string fiddle culture, personal history of Wu Yunlong, and his experiences of performing four-string fiddle, composing, teaching four-string fiddle, especially his unique four-string fiddle routines. Su Ya also proved her outstanding writing abilities by reasonable structure, clear logic, balanced length and language fluency. For a young minority student, all these are praiseworthy achievement.%2014年10月,中国科学院出版社出版了蒙古四胡演奏家苏雅的专著《个体•传统与新视界——吴云龙四胡艺术研究》(以下简称《个体•传统与新视界》)。苏雅通过十几年的四胡演奏,熟悉了大量的科尔沁民歌、说书调和器乐曲,在此基础上,作者采取口述史、田野调查、比较音乐学、民族音乐学等不同研究方法对此书进行撰写。《个体·传统与新视界》一书,由绪论和六个章节构成。分别阐释了现代科尔沁地区的社会变迁、民间音乐的传承流布、四胡文化的历史渊源、乌云龙的个人历史、演奏、创作、教学活动,以及独特的四胡套路等,多有独到见解和闪光点。结构合理,逻辑清晰,篇幅均衡,语言流畅。对于一个少数

  17. Moving the Enemy: Operational Art in the Chinese PLA’s Huai Hai Campaign (Leavenworth Paper, Number 22)


    were constructed. 44. Zhuo Zhijian , “Yongmeng qianjin fenzhan Huaihai” [Boldly March Forward, Bravely Fight the Huai Hai Campaign], HHZY, vol. 2, 354... Zhijian , 354. 48. Ibid., 355. 49. Ibid., 356. 146 147 50. Ibid. 51. Hu Bingyun, “Zai Huahai dazhan de riri yeye li” [The Days and Nights of the Great Huai...River) HHZY, vol. 1, 136-37. 9. “Zhongyang junwei guanyu wu shi Xuzhou diren nan cuan zhi Su Yu, Zhang Zhen de dianbao” (“Telegram From the CMC to

  18. RETRACTED: Association between the ACE I/D gene polymorphism and T2DN susceptibility: The risk of T2DM developing into T2DN in the Asian population.

    Zhong, Weiqiang; Jiang, Zongpei; Zhou, Tian-Biao


    .1177/1470320314566019 Tian-Biao Zhou, Xue-Feng Guo, Zongpei Jiang, and Hong-Yan Li Relationship between the ACE I/D gene polymorphism and T1DN susceptibility/risk of T1DM developing into T1DN in the Caucasian population Journal of Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System 1470320314563425, first published on February 1, 2015 doi: 10.1177/1470320314563425 Chun-Hua Yang and Tian-Biao Zhou Relationship between the angiotensinogen A1166C gene polymorphism and the risk of diabetes mellitus developing into diabetic nephropathy Journal of Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System 1470320314566221, first published on February 1, 2015 doi: 10.1177/1470320314566221 Chun-Hua Yang and Tian-Biao Zhou Association of the ACE I/D gene polymorphism with sepsis susceptibility and sepsis progression Journal of Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System 1470320314568521, first published on February 3, 2015 doi: 10.1177/1470320314568521 Articles published in an issue Guohui Liu, Tian-Biao Zhou, Zongpei Jiang, and Dongwen Zheng Association of ACE I/D gene polymorphism with T2DN susceptibility and the risk of T2DM developing into T2DN in a Caucasian population Journal of Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System March 2015 16: 165-171, first published on November 14, 2014 doi: 10.1177/1470320314557849 Weiqiang Zhong, Zhongliang Huang, Yong Wu, Zongpei Jiang, and Tian-Biao Zhou Association of aldosterone synthase (CYP11B2) gene polymorphism with IgA nephropathy risk and progression of IgA nephropathy Journal of Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System September 2015 16: 660-665, first published on August 20, 2014 doi: 10.1177/1470320314524011.

  19. RETRACTED: Relationship between the ACE I/D gene polymorphism and T1DN susceptibility/risk of T1DM developing into T1DN in the Caucasian population.

    Zhou, Tian-Biao; Guo, Xue-Feng; Jiang, Zongpei; Li, Hong-Yan


    26, 2015 doi: 10.1177/1470320314566019 Tian-Biao Zhou, Xue-Feng Guo, Zongpei Jiang, and Hong-Yan Li Relationship between the ACE I/D gene polymorphism and T1DN susceptibility/risk of T1DM developing into T1DN in the Caucasian population Journal of Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System 1470320314563425, first published on February 1, 2015 doi: 10.1177/1470320314563425 Chun-Hua Yang and Tian-Biao Zhou Relationship between the angiotensinogen A1166C gene polymorphism and the risk of diabetes mellitus developing into diabetic nephropathy Journal of Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System 1470320314566221, first published on February 1, 2015 doi: 10.1177/1470320314566221 Chun-Hua Yang and Tian-Biao Zhou Association of the ACE I/D gene polymorphism with sepsis susceptibility and sepsis progression Journal of Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System 1470320314568521, first published on February 3, 2015 doi: 10.1177/1470320314568521 Articles published in an issue Guohui Liu, Tian-Biao Zhou, Zongpei Jiang, and Dongwen Zheng Association of ACE I/D gene polymorphism with T2DN susceptibility and the risk of T2DM developing into T2DN in a Caucasian population Journal of Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System March 2015 16: 165-171, first published on November 14, 2014 doi: 10.1177/1470320314557849 Weiqiang Zhong, Zhongliang Huang, Yong Wu, Zongpei Jiang, and Tian-Biao Zhou Association of aldosterone synthase (CYP11B2) gene polymorphism with IgA nephropathy risk and progression of IgA nephropathy Journal of Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System September 2015 16: 660-665, first published on August 20, 2014 doi: 10.1177/1470320314524011.

  20. RETRACTED: Association of the ACE I/D gene polymorphism with sepsis susceptibility and sepsis progression.

    Yang, Chun-Hua; Zhou, Tian-Biao


    Jiang, and Hong-Yan Li Relationship between the ACE I/D gene polymorphism and T1DN susceptibility/risk of T1DM developing into T1DN in the Caucasian population Journal of Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System 1470320314563425, first published on February 1, 2015 doi: 10.1177/1470320314563425 Chun-Hua Yang and Tian-Biao Zhou Relationship between the angiotensinogen A1166C gene polymorphism and the risk of diabetes mellitus developing into diabetic nephropathy Journal of Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System 1470320314566221, first published on February 1, 2015 doi: 10.1177/1470320314566221 Chun-Hua Yang and Tian-Biao Zhou Association of the ACE I/D gene polymorphism with sepsis susceptibility and sepsis progression Journal of Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System 1470320314568521, first published on February 3, 2015 doi: 10.1177/1470320314568521 Articles published in an issue Guohui Liu, Tian-Biao Zhou, Zongpei Jiang, and Dongwen Zheng Association of ACE I/D gene polymorphism with T2DN susceptibility and the risk of T2DM developing into T2DN in a Caucasian population Journal of Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System March 2015 16: 165-171, first published on November 14, 2014 doi: 10.1177/1470320314557849 Weiqiang Zhong, Zhongliang Huang, Yong Wu, Zongpei Jiang, and Tian-Biao Zhou Association of aldosterone synthase (CYP11B2) gene polymorphism with IgA nephropathy risk and progression of IgA nephropathy Journal of Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System September 2015 16: 660-665, first published on August 20, 2014 doi: 10.1177/1470320314524011.

  1. RETRACTED: Relationship between the angiotensinogen A1166C gene polymorphism and the risk of diabetes mellitus developing into diabetic nephropathy.

    Yang, Chun-Hua; Zhou, Tian-Biao


    .1177/1470320314566019 Tian-Biao Zhou, Xue-Feng Guo, Zongpei Jiang, and Hong-Yan Li Relationship between the ACE I/D gene polymorphism and T1DN susceptibility/risk of T1DM developing into T1DN in the Caucasian population Journal of Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System 1470320314563425, first published on February 1, 2015 doi: 10.1177/1470320314563425 Chun-Hua Yang and Tian-Biao Zhou Relationship between the angiotensinogen A1166C gene polymorphism and the risk of diabetes mellitus developing into diabetic nephropathy Journal of Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System 1470320314566221, first published on February 1, 2015 doi: 10.1177/1470320314566221 Chun-Hua Yang and Tian-Biao Zhou Association of the ACE I/D gene polymorphism with sepsis susceptibility and sepsis progression Journal of Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System 1470320314568521, first published on February 3, 2015 doi: 10.1177/1470320314568521 Articles published in an issue Guohui Liu, Tian-Biao Zhou, Zongpei Jiang, and Dongwen Zheng Association of ACE I/D gene polymorphism with T2DN susceptibility and the risk of T2DM developing into T2DN in a Caucasian population Journal of Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System March 2015 16: 165-171, first published on November 14, 2014 doi: 10.1177/1470320314557849 Weiqiang Zhong, Zhongliang Huang, Yong Wu, Zongpei Jiang, and Tian-Biao Zhou Association of aldosterone synthase (CYP11B2) gene polymorphism with IgA nephropathy risk and progression of IgA nephropathy Journal of Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System Septembr 2015 16: 660-665, first published on August 20, 2014 doi: 10.1177/1470320314524011.

  2. RETRACTED: Association of the angiotensinogen M235T gene polymorphism with risk of diabetes mellitus developing into diabetic nephropathy.

    Tang, Wenzhuang; Zhou, Tian-Biao; Jiang, Zongpei


    .1177/1470320314566019 Tian-Biao Zhou, Xue-Feng Guo, Zongpei Jiang, and Hong-Yan Li Relationship between the ACE I/D gene polymorphism and T1DN susceptibility/risk of T1DM developing into T1DN in the Caucasian population Journal of Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System 1470320314563425, first published on February 1, 2015 doi: 10.1177/1470320314563425 Chun-Hua Yang and Tian-Biao Zhou Relationship between the angiotensinogen A1166C gene polymorphism and the risk of diabetes mellitus developing into diabetic nephropathy Journal of Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System 1470320314566221, first published on February 1, 2015 doi: 10.1177/1470320314566221 Chun-Hua Yang and Tian-Biao Zhou Association of the ACE I/D gene polymorphism with sepsis susceptibility and sepsis progression Journal of Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System 1470320314568521, first published on February 3, 2015 doi: 10.1177/1470320314568521 Articles published in an issue Guohui Liu, Tian-Biao Zhou, Zongpei Jiang, and Dongwen Zheng Association of ACE I/D gene polymorphism with T2DN susceptibility and the risk of T2DM developing into T2DN in a Caucasian population Journal of Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System March 2015 16: 165-171, first published on November 14, 2014 doi: 10.1177/1470320314557849 Weiqiang Zhong, Zhongliang Huang, Yong Wu, Zongpei Jiang, and Tian-Biao Zhou Association of aldosterone synthase (CYP11B2) gene polymorphism with IgA nephropathy risk and progression of IgA nephropathy Journal of Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System September 2015 16: 660-665, first published on August 20, 2014 doi: 10.1177/1470320314524011.

  3. 山西电网规划中应研究的几个问题%Research on Shanxi Power Grid Planning WANG Ai1,XU Yong-ping2,DONG Yong-jun3

    王皑; 许湧平; 董勇军


    New challenge comes for power grid planning due to the complex and ever-changing external environment,weakened capability of power grid planning and design,and strict assessment of grid safety. Based on the analysis of uncoordinated development of power grid at all levels and the problem of short-circuit current seriously exceeding the standard at pivot point,some principles,ideas and safeguard measures for power grid long-term planning are proposed to improve the feasibility and adaptability of power grid planning.%阐述了复杂多变的外部环境、规划设计力量的消弱、电网安全考核的严格,对现阶段电网规划工作提出了新的挑战,在分析电网规划、建设中存在的各级电网发展不协调、电网枢纽点短路电流超标严重等问题的基础上,围绕电网中长期规划工作的原则、思路和保障措施提出提高规划方案适应性和可操作性的建议。

  4. Historic significance of Tong Zhi Money%"同治银币"的历史意义




  5. Feng Zhi and German Romantic Literature%冯至与德国浪漫文学




  6. San luo xuan mo xing ji qi liang hua fen zhi fang fa yan tao

    Ye, Y.; Leydesdorff, L.; Wu, Y.


    A discussed study on the Triple Helix with its quantitative analysis method. With brief introduction to background and progress of Triple-Helix(TH) researches, it is clarified that TH quantitative methodology focuses on the indicator of synergy (T) as reduction of uncertainty that can be shaped amon

  7. 77 FR 64144 - Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration; Lin Zhi International, Inc.


    ... inspection and testing of the company's physical security systems, verification of the company's compliance with state and local laws, and a review of the company's background and history. Therefore, pursuant to... Dextropropoxyphene, bulk (non-dosage forms) II (9273). Morphine (9300) II The company plans to manufacture the listed...

  8. 冯至与里尔克%Feng Zhi and Rilke




  9. 冯至与里尔克%Feng Zhi and R.M. Rilke




  10. 冯至与里尔克%Feng Zhi and Rainer Maria Rilke





    朱汉威; 左静南; 侯积寿; 冯菡芳; 程威英



  12. The Academic Responsibilities of the Featured Sections in Vocational College Journals:Centering on the“Wu Culture Study”Section in Journal of Suzhou College of Education%高职院校学报特色栏目的学术担当--以《苏州教育学院学报“》吴文化研究”为中心



    At present vocational college journals cannot lead the trendf oacademic studies, but with the constant effort s of featured sections, they are possible to contribute positivye lto such areas as presenting results, accumulating material s, and combining theory and practice. Over the past decade, the achievements of “Wu Culture Study” section in the Journal of Suzhou College of Education has proved the sense and value of the“ small-stepped” manner of accumulation, and has demonstrated the academic responsibilities of the featuresde ctions in vocational college journals. The future of t he featured section should improve planning, stick to the combiniaotn of “general trend” and “particular feature”, continue the practice of opening-up and cooperation, carry on the expainosn and specialization of contents, take on the academ ic responsibilities of vocational college journals and promote academic studies.%受多种因素所限,目前高职院校学报对学术研究走向的引领作用还无法完全实现,但可以通过特色栏目坚持不懈地努力,在成果呈现、资料积累及理论研究与实践的结合等方面做一些有益的尝试《。苏州教育学院学报“》吴文化研究”栏目十多年的成果就证明了这种“跬步”式积累工作的意义和价值,也显示了高职院校学报特色栏目学术担当的探索。今后栏目的发展,要围绕加强特色彰显与学术担当相结合的策划意识“、大方向”与“小专题”相结合的栏目形式、开放与合作相结合的举办方式、拓展与细化相结合的载文内容进行,继续在高职院校学报学术担当方面有所作为,为推动学术研究的发展有所贡献。

  13. 张载的“大心无我”“穷理尽性”的心性功夫论析解1%Analysis on Zhangzai’s Theory of Mind Cultivation



    功夫论是张载哲学体系的重要组成部分,是张载心性理论在个人修养、实践层面的落实和体现。张载的心性工夫论是把孟子的“尽心知性知天”与《中庸》的“至诚”“、尽性”和《易传》的“穷神知化”、“穷理尽性以至于命”的整合和提升,提出了“大其心”的直觉体认方法。张载的功夫论表现为一个“成性”的修养过程,最终实现“至于命”的最高境界。%Zhang Zai's theory of cultivation Philosophy is an important part of the philosophical system , its contained cardiac theory of personal accomplishment,and reflects the practical aspects of implementation. Zhang zai's theory of mind cultivation is the thought of mencius"Jin xin zhixing and zhi tian"and zhong yong's"sincere","sex"and zhou y's"QiongShenZhiHua",and"Qiong li jinxing and zhi ming”,is integrated and promoted,put forward his"the open mind"method of intuitive awareness.Zhang Zai's theory of cultivation is a process of self-achievement,and ultimate goal is the pursuit of“As for life”the highest level.

  14. [The influence of ZHU Gong's Huo ren shu (A Book for Savings Life)in the Southern Song Dynasty and its Influence on the discipline of Cold Pathogenic Disease].

    Lu, Ming-Xin


    ZHU Gong's Huo ren shu (A Book for Saving Life) is a famous work in the history of research on Treatise on Cold Damage Diseases. It has great influence on the study of cold pathogenic disease, especially that of the Song dynasty. Many authors reedited or annotated this book to inherit and developed the idea of the Huo ren shu. Thus, a lot of new books, including annotations, revisions, citations, or discussions, appeared. WANG Su's Zeng shi nan yang huo ren shu (Amplified Annotated Huorenshu), for example, is one of them. Those compiled as rhymes or knacks include XU Shu-wei's Shang han bai zheng ge (The Rhymes of Hundred Kinds of Cold Damage Disease), LI Zhi-xian's Huo ren shu kuo (Introduction to Huorenshu), QIAN Wen-li's Shang han bai wen ge (Hundred Questions on Cold Damage Disease), YANG Shi-ying's Shang han lei shu huo ren zong kuo (A General Introduction to Huorenshu, a Classified Book of Cold Damage Disease), and TANG Yin-cai's Shang han jie huo lun (Essay to Answering Suspicions on Cold Damage Disease). Those cited or inherited the book include LI Cheng's Shang han yao zhi (Gist of Cold Damage Disease), GUO Yong's Shang han bu wang lun (Supplements to Cold Damage Disease), SUN Zhi-ning's Shang han jian yao shi shuo (Ten Simple Discourses on Cold Damage Disease), and CHEN Zi-ming's Guan jian da quan liang fang (A Complete Effective Formulary with my Own Opinions). Those differentiating the essentials of the Huorenshu including CHENG Jiong's Huo ren shu bian (Differentiation for Huorenshu), and LU Zu-chang's Ni jin huo ren can tong yu yi (An Elaboration on Huorenshu to be Presented). All the above books indicate the impact of the Huorenshu, and show its influence on later ages as well.

  15. Can medical herbs stimulate regeneration or neuroprotection and treat neuropathic pain in chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy?

    Schröder, Sven; Beckmann, Kathrin; Franconi, Giovanna; Meyer-Hamme, Gesa; Friedemann, Thomas; Greten, Henry Johannes; Rostock, Matthias; Efferth, Thomas


    Chemotherapy-induced neuropathy (CIPN) has a relevant impact on the quality of life of cancer patients. There are no curative conventional treatments, so further options have to be investigated. We conducted a systematic review in English and Chinese language databases to illuminate the role of medical herbs. 26 relevant studies on 5 single herbs, one extract, one receptor-agonist, and 8 combinations of herbs were identified focusing on the single herbs Acorus calamus rhizoma, Cannabis sativa fructus, Chamomilla matricaria, Ginkgo biloba, Salvia officinalis, Sweet bee venom, Fritillaria cirrhosae bulbus, and the herbal combinations Bu Yang Huan Wu, modified Bu Yang Huan Wu plus Liuwei Di Huang, modified Chai Hu Long Gu Mu Li Wan, Geranii herba plus Aconiti lateralis praeparata radix , Niu Che Sen Qi Wan (Goshajinkigan), Gui Zhi Jia Shu Fu Tang (Keishikajutsubuto), Huang Qi Wu Wu Tang (Ogikeishigomotsuto), and Shao Yao Gan Cao Tang (Shakuyakukanzoto). The knowledge of mechanism of action is still limited, the quality of clinical trials needs further improvement, and studies have not yielded enough evidence to establish a standard practice, but a lot of promising substances have been identified. While CIPN has multiple mechanisms of neuronal degeneration, a combination of herbs or substances might deal with multiple targets for the aim of neuroprotection or neuroregeneration in CIPN.

  16. Can Medical Herbs Stimulate Regeneration or Neuroprotection and Treat Neuropathic Pain in Chemotherapy-Induced Peripheral Neuropathy?

    Sven Schröder


    Full Text Available Chemotherapy-induced neuropathy (CIPN has a relevant impact on the quality of life of cancer patients. There are no curative conventional treatments, so further options have to be investigated. We conducted a systematic review in English and Chinese language databases to illuminate the role of medical herbs. 26 relevant studies on 5 single herbs, one extract, one receptor-agonist, and 8 combinations of herbs were identified focusing on the single herbs Acorus calamus rhizoma, Cannabis sativa fructus, Chamomilla matricaria, Ginkgo biloba, Salvia officinalis, Sweet bee venom, Fritillaria cirrhosae bulbus, and the herbal combinations Bu Yang Huan Wu, modified Bu Yang Huan Wu plus Liuwei Di Huang, modified Chai Hu Long Gu Mu Li Wan, Geranii herba plus Aconiti lateralis praeparata radix , Niu Che Sen Qi Wan (Goshajinkigan, Gui Zhi Jia Shu Fu Tang (Keishikajutsubuto, Huang Qi Wu Wu Tang (Ogikeishigomotsuto, and Shao Yao Gan Cao Tang (Shakuyakukanzoto. The knowledge of mechanism of action is still limited, the quality of clinical trials needs further improvement, and studies have not yielded enough evidence to establish a standard practice, but a lot of promising substances have been identified. While CIPN has multiple mechanisms of neuronal degeneration, a combination of herbs or substances might deal with multiple targets for the aim of neuroprotection or neuroregeneration in CIPN.

  17. The Calculation Method of Landscape Perception Sensitivity on Sightseeing Route in Ecotourism Destinations: A Case Study of Qixiagu Scenic Region in Wu'an National Geopark%山岳型风景区观光线路景观感知敏感度计算方法——以武安国家地质公园奇峡谷景区为例

    李仁杰; 路紫; 李继峰


    Based on past researches on landscape preference, landscape aesthetics assessment, landscape quality evaluation, and tourist perception evaluation, this paper proposes the concept of landscape perception sensitivity, and describes eco-tourists' perception degree about landscapes through the perspective of quantitative calculation of the ecological landscapes, which is unlike the angle from the tourists. Although public preferences on landscapes are shaped by many different factors, such as age, sex, social and economic status etc., there are also some common preferences on landscape types, especially for the people with similar education background and environmental viewpoints. Considering the common preferences on landscape types, we design a calculation method for landscape perception sensitivity on sight-seeing route in ecotourism destinations. The method includes 2 types of impact factors: visible perception factors and ecological perception factors. The visible perception is used to describe the perception stimulated by visual sense, which includes 3 factors, namely landscape visibility, the best viewing distance and the best viewing orientation. The ecological perception is mainly to emphasize the perception difference influenced by the ecological landscape, which also includes three factors, i.e., landscape type, resource grade and some landscapes for experiencing in them. By the method, we can obtain the eco-tourist's landscape perception sensitivity and its spatial variation at any locations,The method is applied in the case study of Qixiagu scenic region, Wu'an National Geopark in Handan, Hebei Province. Based on Digital Elevation Model (DEM) and high-resolution satellite images, the authors build the virtual 3D landscape in the ecotourism destination and design a guideline for calculation of landscape perception sensitivity on sightseeing route using the tools of view-shed analysis, spatial overlay analysis, buffer and others on ArcGIS9.3 platform. The

  18. Wu Zhongxin and the Enthronement Ceremony for the 14th Dalai Lama



  19. You Wei and Wu Wei: Ambivalence of Chinese outbound mergers and acquisitions

    Z. Sun


    China is assuming an increasingly prominent position in the world economy as the investment begins to flow from China to the world. Compared to the ‘West goes to China’, the institutional environment, the cultural roots and the corresponding managerial behaviours are quite distinct. These distinct c

  20. Reviving ancient Chinese mathematics mathematics, history and politics in the work of Wu Wen-Tsun

    Hudecek, Jiri


    Twentieth-century China has been caught between a desire to increase its wealth and power in line with other advanced nations, which, by implication, means copying their institutions, practices and values, whilst simultaneously seeking to preserve China's independence and historically formed identity. Over time, Chinese philosophers, writers, artists and politicians have all sought to reconcile these goals and this book shows how this search for a Chinese way penetrated even the most central, least contested area of modernity: science.Reviving Ancient Chinese Mathematics is a study of the life

  1. [Screening genes related to 'black' character in wu-ding chicken by delta differential display].

    Wu, Ge-Min; Liu, Xiao-Chun; Lou, Yi-Zhou; Shi, Qi-Shun


    The 'black' character is a cardinal character of black chicken that is very important to the medical value and economical value of black chicken. The study compared gene expression between black chicken and non-black chicken by delta differential display method, and obtained twenty-nine expressed sequence tags(ESTs) by extraction, amplification, purification, northern blotting, cloning and sequencing of gel-embedded DNA. Of twenty-nine ESTs, eight ESTs have high similarity rate with known gene in chicken-beta-trepomyosin gene, cardiac myosin alkali light chain gene, insertionally activated c-Ha-ras oncogene, fra-2 oncogene, 16S rRNA gene and mitochondrion genome sequence, respectively, with similarity rate 97%,100%, 98%, 98%, 98%, 99%, 99% and 97%. Five ESTs have high similarity rate with human TTN gene, human phosphoglucomutase 5 gene, human or mouse signal recongnition particle 54 kD gene, human or mouse ribonuclease/angiogenin inhibitor gene, respectively, with similarity rate 82%, 82%, 87%, 99% and 99%. Their homologous genes in chicken are still not cloned. Thirteen ESTs are novel gene fragments. Of thirteen ESTs, nine ESTs have high similarity with ESTs in database. Four ESTs have not high similarity with any EST in database. The results of gene expression analysis show that one known gene (insertionally activated c-Ha-ras oncogene) fragment and one novel gene fragment are expressed in all non-black chicken and are not expressed in all black chicken, and that one known gene (signal recongnition particle 54 kD gene) fragment is expressed in all black chicken and is not expressed in all non-black chicken. According to these results, we conclude that the expression of insertionally activated c-Ha-ras oncogene, signal recongnition particle 54 kD gene and one novel gene are related to the 'black' character in chicken.

  2. VizieR Online Data Catalog: WISE and HIP 22um excess stars (Wu+, 2013)

    Wu, C.-J.; Wu, H.; Lam, M.-I.; Yang, M.; Wen, X.-Q.; Li, S.; Zhang, T.-J.; Gao, L.


    In this paper, we present a catalog that includes 141 bright candidates (search for extra-solar planets; we cross-match our catalog with known IR-excess stars with planets but found no matches. Finally, we give the fraction of stars showing excess IR for different spectral types of main-sequence stars. (2 data files).

  3. Validation of the name Callicarpa bodinieri var.iteophylla (Lamiaceae)

    Xiao-Ming PENG; Nan JIANG; Wen-Bin YU


    Callicarpa bodinieri H.Léveillé var.iteophylla C.Y.Wu,var.nov.Type:China.Yunnan:Mengla,1953-06-03,Yong-Shu Wang 27 (holotype,KUN 0484466!;isotype,KUN 0484467!).Validating diagnosis:Those ofCallicarpa bodinieri H.Léveillé var.iteophylla C.Y.Wu,Fl.Yunnan.1:406.1977.Callicarpa bodinieri H.Léveillé var.iteophylla C.Y.Wu is endemic to southern Yunnan province of China,and it occurs in mixed forests at altitudes between 600 and 1600 m.This new variety is easily distinguished from var.bodinieri and var.rosthornii (Diels)Rehder in that the leaf blade is lanceolate,oblanceolate,or obovateoblong,and 2-4 cm wide (vs.narrowly elliptic,elliptic,or ovateelliptic,and 4-7 cm wide in var.bodinieri),and subglabrous on both surfaces (vs.abaxially grayish stellate pubescent in var.rosthornii).

  4. 论李贽《藏书》的编排标准%On Choreography Standard of Li Zhi's "Collection"




  5. Role of COX-1 in the process of neuropathic pain and its mechanism Zhi-hong LU, Qi - bing MEI


    AIM In neuropathic pain the peripheral or central nervous systems are malfunctioning and become the cause of the pain. Unlike other pain styles, most neuropathic pain responds poorly to opioid analgesics. The mainstay of treatment is predominantly the tricyclic antidepressants, the anticonvulsants and the systemic local anesthetics of which the long- term use could lead to great side effects. Recently, proin-flammatory cytokines, such as IL-6, TNF-α, etc, have been proved to be involved in the process of neuropathic pain, indicating the cross - talking between neuropathic pain and inflammation. As an important member in inflammatory process, COX is expected to play a part in the process of neuropathic pain.In this study, we observed the change of COX-1 after neuropathic pain and further investigated thechange it caused in the brain. METHODS Spared nerve injury (SNI) is used to induce neuropathic painin mice.

  6. Judgment & Enlightenment: Nietzsche's Interpretation from Feng Zhi%决断与启蒙:冯至的尼采阐释




  7. On ZHANG Zhi-zhong's Characteristics of Personality%张治中将军的人格特征分析




  8. Yi zhi xing jiao yi zhe, fangdichan paomo yu fangdichan zhengce: jian lun zhongguo de fangdichan zhengci

    Bao, T.; Wang, Y.


    Based on the classical De Long et al (1990), we build a model of housing bubbles to analyze the role of market imperfections (noise traders, liquidity constraint, limited liability and weak property rights protections, etc) and their interactions in the formation of housing bubbles. We show that the

  9. Extraction of polysaccharides from herbal Scutellaria barbata D. Don (Ban-Zhi-Lian) and their antioxidant activity.

    Ye, Chun-Lin; Huang, Qi


    The response surface methodology was employed to study the extraction of polysaccharides from Scutellaria barbata D. Don. The quantitative effects of extraction temperature, time, number and ratio of water to raw material on yield of polysaccharides were investigated with Box-Behnken design. The experimental data were fitted to a second-order polynomial equation using multiple regression analysis and also analyzed using the appropriate statistical methods. By solving the regression equation and analyzing 3D plots, the optimum condition was at extraction temperature 70 °C, time 3h, numbers 3 and ratio of water to raw material 18.5 mL/g. Under these conditions, the experimental polysaccharides yield was 2.43±0.11%, which was in good agreement with the predicted value. The antioxidant activities of the polysaccharides were evaluated in vitro. A potential antioxidant activity of S. barbata polysaccharides provides a scientific basis for the use of this herb in traditional medicine as an antioxidant.


    CHEN; Bing-lu


    [1]LIN Zhi-qing, 1985. The Nutrient salts in the water between Guangzhou and Humen [J] . Tropical Oceanography, 4(2):52-59. (in Chinese)[2]LUO Zhang-ren, YING Zhi-pu et al., 1992. The Harbours in South China[M]. Guangzhou: Zhongshan University Press,101-126. (in Chinese)[3]PENG Yun-hui et al., 1991. The relationship of phosphate and dissolved oxygen in Pearl River Estuary [J]. Marine Report,10(6): 25-29. (in Chinese)[4]PENG Yun-hui et al., 1994. The relationship of dissolved oxygen and nutrient salts in Pearl River Estuary[J]. Tropical Oceanography, 13(1): 96-100. (in Chinese)[5]TAN Wei-guang et al., 1993. Assessment of eutrophication of Pearl River Estuary [J] . Research & Exploration of Nanhai, (2): 17-21. (in Chinese)[6]TANG Yong-Luan, 1984. The Characteristic of the dispersion model of the substances of Pearl River Estuary and Lingding Estuary [J] . Marine Environmental Science, 3(3): 1-11.(in Chinese)[7]ZHOU Yan-xia, 1994. Analysis of the water quality of Pearl River Estuary and neighboring sea area [J]. Marine Report, 13(3):24-30. (in Chinese)[8]ZHAO Huan-ting, 1981. The topograghy of Lingding Estuary [J]. Journal of Oceanography, 3(2): 20-27. (in Chinese)

  11. The Study of Hou Yong's Film Cinematography%纪实之真与戏剧之魂——侯咏电影摄影风格探究

    高志丹; 王雨栽



  12. 如何看待王朔与金庸的论争%How to Treat the Controversy between WANG Shuo and JIN Yong




  13. Safe and efficient mining technology in YONG 22 sour gas reservoir%永22含硫气藏安全高效开采工艺

    韦雅珍; 崔金榜; 侯庆春; 任宝玉


    针对华北油田含硫气藏的开采需要,通过深入研究华北油田含硫气藏的特点和各种排水采气工艺的适用性,开展了防止硫化氢中毒、防止硫化氢腐蚀的技术研究,进行了修井完井工艺管柱设计、采气工艺设计、安全控制系统设计,建立了一套比较完善的保证措施.研究出一套适合本油田含硫化氢气田的开发方案,为后期开发探索出一条可行的途径.%The features of hydrogen sulfide gas contained reservoirs in Huabei Oilfield and applicability of all kinds of gas drainage technologies were studied by using of systems engineering principles. Hydrogen sulfide poisoning prevention and anti -corrosion techniques were explored. Workover and completion string design process, gas production design as well as safety control system design were conducted and a set of comprehensive assurance measures have been built based on it. A develop-ment program suitable for developing hydrogen sulfide gas contained filed was established and it will be a feasible way for later development.

  14. Study on the Foie Gras production of YongKang Grey Goose%永康灰鹅肥肝生产初探

    麻延峰; 王宏艳; 严晗光; 周文仙


    总结并分析了目前永康灰鹅肥肝生产过程中存在的一些问题,初步探讨了鹅肥肝形成过程中脂肪代谢的机理及其主要影响因素,并对永康灰鹅的肥肝产业提出了相应的对策与展望,以求促进该产业的稳步健康发展.%This paper summarized and analyzed the problems in current Yongkang Goose foie gras production, and discussed the formation process of the mechanism of fat metabolism and the major influencing factors, and put forward the corresponding countermeasures and prospect for the development of the industry so as to promote the stable and healthy development of the industry.

  15. Discussion on Prohibition Against Alcoholic Drinks --Discussion with YANG Yong%论禁酒相关问题——兼与杨永先生商榷



    通过对中外禁酒历史及其深层次原因的分析,指出禁酒并不是酒文化发展的常态。大规模禁酒已不现实,但世界卫生组织等国际组织在相关领域的活动,会使酒业发展面临一些新的问题和挑战。%Through the analysis of wine prohibition history at home and abroad and its deep-seated reasons, it was pointed out that prohibition is not the normal behaviour in the development of wine culture and a large-scale prohibition is not realistic, however, the activities carried out by .WHO and other international organizations in this field will bring new problems and challenges to the development of wine-making industry. (Tran. by YUE Yang)

  16. On the Tendency of "Misogyny" in the Novels of Bai Xian-yong%试论白先勇小说中的"厌女症"倾向

    曹芳; 周俊伟



  17. A Poetic Interpretation of Ode to the Beauty in Black by CAI Yong%蔡邕《青衣赋》的诗学解读

    黄萍; 杨齐



  18. A Brief Discussion on Cultivation of Yong Talents for Petroleum Companies%石油企业青年人才培养刍议



    Human resource is the first resource,and the young talents are the most potential and active part in human resources and are the first resource in the future sustainable development of the enterprises.The quality of the young talents will decide the success or failure of the petroleum companies.Due to the effect of number of factors,the petroleum companies still have some problems and drawbacks in the cultivation of young talents.In order to cultivate and create a team of young talents for the development of the petroleum enterprises in the new era,the pe-troleum companies must adopt practical measures,such as establishing a proper talent stimulating mechanism,truly addressing the living diffi-culties of the young people,creating a favorable environment for the growth of the young talents,tutoring and improving the training courses, etc.%人才资源是第一资源,青年人才是人才资源中最富有潜力和活力的部分,是企业未来可持续发展的重要资源。青年人才的素质高低决定着石油企业的兴衰和成败。由于受多种因素的影响,石油企业在青年人才培养方面还存在着一些问题和不足。石油企业要培养和打造一支适应新时期企业发展的高素质青年人才队伍,就必须采取切实可行的对策,如建立合理的青年人才激励机制,切实解决青年人才的生活困难,创造青年人才成长的良好环境,建立导师带徒制和提高培训针对性等。

  19. 马勇教授治疗神经根型颈椎病经验%Experience of Treatment for Cervical Spondylotic Radiculopathy by Professor Ma Yong

    马少华; 李同林


    The experience of Professor Ma in treating cervical spondylotic radiculopathy emphasizes the umpire for syndrome differentia-tion,or kidney or spleen,or liver,or from the wind and dampness. Common empirical formula is Xiangbikang. Common couplet medi-cines:Fuzi-Ganjiang-Guizhi;Guizhi-Gegen-Shaoyao;Huangqi-Guizhi;Huangqi-Danggui-Jixueteng;Fuzi-Yinyanghuo.%马勇教授治疗神经根型颈椎病,注重审因辨证,或治肾,或治脾,或治肝,或治从风寒湿。常用经验方项痹康,常用药对有:附子-干姜-桂枝;桂枝-葛根-芍药;黄芪-桂枝;黄芪-当归-鸡血藤;附子-淫羊藿。

  20. "Centuries of American Women Poets" - Ann Bradstreet, Emily Dickinson, Emma Lazarus, Louise Bogan, Sylvia Plath, Ann Saxton, Diane Wakoski, Alice Walker, Erica Yong and Maya Angelou

    Pop Zarieva, Natalija


    Презентацијата претставуваше осврт на неколку од најпознатите американски поетеси од перспектива на 21ви век. Беа претставени нивните животни патишта, но и нивниот поетски опус со анализа на некои од нивните најпознати поеми и изреки.