Sample records for yi-ching chen meng-hung

  1. Chen Hengzhe

    Gimpel, Denise

    been the first to write children’s literature. In 1914 she was among the first group of women to gain a Boxer Indemnity grant to study in America. The reiteration of these many “firsts” has led to a rather stereotypical portrait of Chen Hengzhe in Chinese sources and, as a result, in most Western......Chen Hengzhe has been celebrated as China’s first female professor, first professor of Western history, first person to publish a history of the West that was not a translation into Chinese. She is moreover celebrated as one of the first to write fiction and poetry in the vernacular and to have...... references to her. To date we have no critical study of her work or activities in Chinese or any other language. Chen Hengzhe’s life and textual production, however, deserve and reward closer scholarly attention. They are not only pertinent to analysis of developments in early twentieth-century China...

  2. Policewoman Chen Yaping


    1. Setting out on a mission. 2. Chen Yaping takes the time to visit people at home. 3. Taking care of elderly people. 4. Chen Yaping is in charge of an area with dozens of big and small lanes in the southern part of Beijing.

  3. Poetic Comnos er Chen Qigang


    ON visiting Chen Qigang’s web page( and seeing his picture,the viewer knows immediately that this is noordinary person. Chen’s essential boldness,sensitivity and warmth show clearly in his face. Onreading his resume about his studies in France, and hiscompositions that were a departure from traditionalChinese music, this impression is endorsed. His tutor,Olivier Messiaen, a master of 20th century modernmusic, once remarked, "His compositions reveal truecreativeness, great talent, and a perfect assimilation ofEuropean musical concepts into Chinese thought."On his emergence into contemporary classical music, few of Chen’s peers acknowledged the originality of his work. Years later, his talent, unconventional-ity, and refusal to be constrained by contemporary Western musical mores have won him recognition. In January 2003, the UK record company EMI/Virgin is to release Chen Qigang’s CD (The Five Elements, Reflections on Years Past, and Butterfly in Love with Flowers).

  4. On a result of Imin Chen

    Edixhoven, B


    We give another proof of Imin Chen's result that the jacobian of the modular curve X(p)_{non-split}, for p a prime number, is isogeneous to the new part of the jacobian of X_0(p^2), using only the representation theory of the group GL_2(Z/pZ). In fact, we prove a generalization of Chen's result for objects with an action by GL_2(Z/pZ) in any pseudo-abelian Q-linear category.

  5. CPAFFC President Chen Haosu Visits Japan


    <正>To further exchanges and cooperation between the people of China and Japan and enhance ties between the CPAFFC and Japanese non-governmental friendly organizations, President Chen Haosu visited Japan at the head of a CPAFFC delegation from February 7 to 12.

  6. Titanisierung von Implantatoberflächen

    Zimmermann, Hanngörg; Heinlein, Markus; Guldner, Norbert W.

    Titan gilt seit Jahrzehnten als einer der wichtigsten Implantatwerkstoffe in der Medizin. Neben den guten mechanischen Eigenschaften (Leichtigkeit, hohe Festigkeit etc.), besitzen Titanimplantate vor allem eine hervorragende Körperverträglichkeit, so dass die Implantate optimal in den humanen Organismus integriert werden [1]. Ist jedoch aufgrund der Anforderungen an das Implantat eine hohe Flexibilität und/ oder Elastizität gefragt, so scheidet der Werkstoff Titan aufgrund seiner spröden und unflexiblen Materialeigenschaften aus. Die Folge ist der Einsatz von Implantatmaterialien, sowohl künstlichen als auch biologischen Ursprungs, welche nicht selten eine unzureichende Biokompatibilität aufweisen und somit zu Fremdköper- und immunologischen Reaktionen und Einkapselung des Implantates führen können. Die Erhöhung der Körperverträglichkeit, eine Adaption an das biologische Umfeld und eine hohe Biokompatibilität sind demzufolge die wichtigsten Eigenschaften bei der bedarfsgerechten Herstellung von Implantaten und Implantatoberflächen. Zur Gestaltung von innovativen, biokompatiblen Oberflächen stehen unterschiedliche technische Lösungsansätze zur Verfügung. Zum einen besteht die Möglichkeit, geeignete Oberflächeneigenschaften aus dem Grundmaterial selbst zu optimieren. Dies geschieht unter anderem durch Modifikation der Werkstoffoberflächen in Form von Texturierungen und Oberflächenrauhigkeiten. Zum anderen können die Oberflächeneigenschaften unabhängig von denen des Trägermaterials gestaltet werden. Durch Funktionalisierung der Oberflächen mit geeigneten Beschichtungen oder der Zugabe von Medikamenten (Drug Eluting) werden die Kunststoffimplantate dahingehend verändert, dass eine Steigerung der Körperakzeptanz erreicht wird. Die Titanbeschichtung von Implantatoberflächen kombiniert die positiven Materialeigenschaften von Titan und Polymer.

  7. New Administrator of SAC, Chen Gang


    On June 14th,SAC held a meeting presented by its middle-high officials,at which Zhang Qinrong,Member of CPC Leading Group and Director of Personnel Department,General Administration of Quality Supervision,Inspection and Quarantine (AQSIQ),announced the personnel decision made by the State Council,the Organization Department of the CPC Central Committee and AQSIQ.In the decision,Chen Gang was appointed as Member of CPC Leading Group of AQSIQ,Administrator of SAC and Secretary of CPC Leading Group of SAC,and Ji Zhengkun was dismissed as the Member of CPC Leading Group of AQSIQ,Administrator of SAC and Secretary of CPC Leading Group of SAC.The meeting was presided by Ji Zhengkun.Zhi Shuping,Minister of AQSIQ and Secretary of CPC Leading Group of AQSIQ,attended the meeting and gave a speech.Ji Zhengkun and Chen Gang also delivered speeches.

  8. An Interview with Chess Master Zhu Chen


    An Unforgettable Championship Interviewer (I): Before the Chinese Women’sChess Team won its first team title in the 33rd InternationalOlympic Chess Competition held in Russia in October 1998, allof you thought the competition would be stiff, didn’t you?ZHU CHEN (Zh): We had scored only moderately well againstthe Lithuanian, German and Czechoslovakian teams, whichworried our coach and captain so much that they encouraged usto fight with the spirit the Chinese people had shown incombating the floods in 1998. So you can see how difficult the

  9. Chaos synchronization between two different 4D hyperchaotic Chen systems

    Liu Yang-Zheng; Jiang Chang-Sheng; Lin Chang-Sheng; Jiang Yao-Mei


    This paper presents chaos synchronization between two different four-dimensional (4D) hyperchaotic Chen systems by nonlinear feedback control laws.A modified 4D hyperchaotic Chen system is obtained by changing the nonlinear function of the 4D hyperchaotic Chen system,furthermore,an electronic circuit to realize two different 4D hyperchaotic Chen systems is designed.With nonlinear feedback control method,chaos synchronization between two different 4D hyperchaotic Chen systems is achieved.Based on the stability theory,the functions of the nonlinear feedback control for synchronization of two different 4D hyperchaotic Chen systems is derived,the range of feedback gains is determined.Numerical simulations are shown to verify the theoretical results.


    Li Guanghan; Wu Chuanxi


    A submanifold in a complex space form is called slant if it has constant Wirtinger angles. B. Y. Chen and Y. Tazawa proved that there do not exist minimal proper slant surfaces in CP2 and CH2. So it seems that the slant immersion has some interesting properties. The authors have great interest to consider slant immersions satisfying some additional conditions, such as unfull first normal bundles or Chen's equality holding. They prove that there do not exist n-dimensional Kaehlerian slant immersions in CPn and CHn with unfull first normal bundles. Next, it is seen that every Kaehlerian slant submanifold satisfying an equality of Chen is minimal which is similar to that of Lagrangian immersions. But in contrast, it is shown that a large class of slant immersions do not exist thoroughly. Finally, they give an application of Chen's inequality to general slant immersions in a complex projective space, which generalizes a result of Chen.

  11. Adaptive synchronization of Chen chaotic system with uncertain parameters

    LIU Yu-liang; ZHU Jie; DING Da-wei


    By the control method independent of system parameters, synchronization of two Chen chaotic systems with identical, but uncertain parameters is discussed in this article. Based on Lyapunov's theorem, an adaptive controller and the parameters estimate update law are derived to make the solution of the error dynamical equation converge at the point E(0, 0, 0) with a quick speed, that is, the states of two Chen chaotic systems can be asymptotically synchronized. Numerical simulations verify the effectiveness and the adaptivity to the variation of Chen system parameters.

  12. Pioneer of Nonferrous Metallurgy Education——Chen Xinmin


    Situated at the foot of Yuelu Mountain in Changsha,is the cradle ofnonferrous metal scientific workers—Central.South University of Tech-nology,Professor Chen Xinmin has been working here for nearly forty

  13. Chen's Scrappiing of "NUC" and U.S. Predicament

    Li Qingchun


    @@ On February 27, 2006, Chen Shuibian announced his decision to cease the operation of the "National Unification Council (NUC) and the application of its guidelines," which further increased the risk of "Taiwan independence." Chen's campaign for "Taiwan independence," which in essence was an attempt to change the status quo, thus gravely damaging the cross-strait relations. The next day,the White House and U. S. State Department made a separate response. On the one hand, they argued that Chen didn't change the status quo as he only "freezed" instead of "abolishing" the "NUC"and its guidelines. On the other hand, they urged the leaders of mainland China and the Taiwan authorities to go back to the negotiation table. ① Such understatement and seeming evenhandedness by the U.S. shows its acquiescence to the reality of Chen's abolition of the"NUC," and its limited ability to control Chen's activities for "Taiwan independence." In the coming two years, Washington's current Taiwan policy will hardly continue to work, as Chen will steadily promote the modification of "The Constitution" and the "legal independence." The U. S. must make an option between allowing the "Taiwan independence" forces to impinge on its "one-China policy' and clearly suppressing the movement for "Taiwan independence."

  14. Discussion on manufacturing techniques of Chen Zhang Pot

    Fan Taofeng


    Full Text Available The Chen Zhang Pot, made in the late Warring States period is an openwork bronze pot with gold and silver inlay. It was identified as a first-class historical relic of the nation by the State Administration of Cultural Heritage in 2001. To explore its manufacturing techniques, XRF, CT and X-Ray photograph microscopic observation were adopted for the non-destructive examination of the Chen Zhang Pot. The analysis data show that many parts of the Chen Zhang Pot were cast separately, and then assembled. It also shows that the composition proportion of each part of the Chen Zhang Pot is different; and the bronze color, hardness and tensile strength are different for each alloy proportion. A variety of decoration techniques were adopted in the manufacturing process, which make the color more diverse and gorgeous. The openwork decoration is the most complex part of the pot, and the gold and silver decoration technique also represents the high level manufacturing technology in the Warring States period. In summary, the Chen Zhang Pot is a unique art treasure, and as a specimen it allows us to study the bronze casting technology in the Warring States period.

  15. Passive control and synchronization of hyperchaotic Chen system

    Zhang Qun-Jiao; Lu Jun-An


    This paper investigates the control and synchronization of hyperchaotic Chen system based on the passive theory.By using two outputs,novel passive controllers are respectively designed to realize the globally asymptotical stability of the hyperchaotic Chen system and the error dynamical system,which avoids mistakes in Ref.[ll],where function W(z) cannot guarantee that f0(z) is globally asymptotically stable via only one output and W(z) is the Lyapunov function of f0(z).Furthermore,numerical simulations are given to show the effectiveness of our method.

  16. Univariate and multivariate Chen-Stein characterizations -- a parametric approach

    Ley, Christophe


    We provide a general framework for characterizing families of (univariate, multivariate, discrete and continuous) distributions in terms of a parameter of interest. We show how this allows for recovering known Chen-Stein characterizations, and for constructing many more. Several examples are worked out in full, and different potential applications are discussed.

  17. Beauty and physics: 13 important contributions of Chen Ning Yang

    Shi, Yu


    In 2012, Chen Ning Yang received a 90th birthday gift in the form of a black cube inscribed with his 13 most important contributions, which cover four major areas of physics: statistical mechanics, condensed matter physics, particle physics and field theory. We briefly describe these 13 contributions and make general comments about Yang's distinctive style as a trailblazing leader in research.

  18. The Chen-Fliess approximation for diffusion functionals

    Litterer, Christian


    We show that a large class of functionals of a stochastic differential equation can be approximated by a Chen-Fliess series of iterated stochastic integrals and give a L^{2} error estimate, thus generalizing the standard stochastic Taylor expansion. The coefficients in this series are given a very intuitive meaning by using functional derivatives, recently introduced by B. Dupire.

  19. CPAFFC President Chen Haosu and His Party in Ukraine


    <正>At the invitation of the Ukraine-China Society (UCS), CPAFFC President Chen Haosu and his party paid a visit to Kiev and Yalta from June 5 to 9. Leonid Kravchuk, honorary president of the UCS and first Ukrainian

  20. CPAFFC President Chen Haosu Visits Yemen and Jordan


    <正>From March 10 to 19, a CPAFFC delegation headed by its President Chen Haosu paid a goodwill visit to Yemen and Jordan as guests of the Yemeni-Chinese Friendship Association (YCFA) and the Jordan-China Friendship Society (JCFS).

  1. CPAFFC President Chen Haosu Leads Delegation to Iceland and Denmark


    <正>At the invitation of the Icelandic-Chinese Cultural So-ciety (ICCS) and the Friendship Association Denmark-China, the CPAFFC delegation headed by President Chen Haosu visited Iceland, Denmark and the Faroe Islands from November 18 to 29, 2003.On November 22, in collaboration with the ICCS and the Chinese Association of Iceland, the delegation held a kite show

  2. Chaos Synchronization on Parameters Adaptive Control for Chen Chaotic System

    ZHOU Ping


    Chaos synchronization of Chen chaotic system for parameters unknown is discussed in this paper using a scalar output. Using the concept of conditional Lyapunov exponents, the negativity of all Lyapunov exponents shows the synchronization of transmitter systems with receiver systems even though system parametes are not known to receiver systems.

  3. Fuzzy Sliding Mode Control for Hyper Chaotic Chen System



    Full Text Available In this paper, a fuzzy sliding mode control method is proposed for stabilizing hyper chaotic Chen system. The main objective of the control scheme is to stabilize unstable equilibrium point of the system by controlling the states of the system so that they converge to a pre-defined sliding surface and remain on it. A fuzzy control technique is also utilized in order to overcome the main disadvantage of sliding mode control methods, i.e. chattering problem. It is shown that the equilibrium point of the system is stabilized by using the proposed method. A stability analysis is also performed to prove that the states of the system converge to the sliding surface and remain on it. Simulations show that the control method can be effectively applied to Chen system when it performs hyper chaotic behavior.

  4. Chen's Iterated Integral represents the Operator Product Expansion

    Kreimer, D


    The recently discovered formalism underlying renormalization theory, the Hopf algebra of rooted trees, allows to generalize Chen's lemma. In its generalized form it describes the change of a scale in Green functions, and hence relates to the operator product expansion. Hand in hand with this generalization goes the generalization of the ordinary factorial $n!$ to the tree factorial $t^!$. Various identities on tree-factorials are derived which clarify the relation between Connes-Moscovici weights and Quantum Field Theory.



    Professor Chen Guoda,a department member of Academia Sinica,a tu-tor of doctoral and post-doctoral students in the Central South Univer-sity of Technology,has been engaged in geological teaching and researchfor more than 50 years.His most important contribution is to found theworldwide praised Diwa theory,which enjoys high prestige in the geo-logical community.

  6. Chaotic attractor transforming control of hybrid Lorenz-Chen system

    Qi Dong-Lian; Wang Qiao; Gu Hong


    Based on passive theory, this paper studies a hybrid chaotic dynamical system from the mathematics perspective to implement the control of system stabilization.According to the Jacobian matrix of the nonlinear system, the stabilization control region is gotten.The controller is designed to stabilize fast the minimum phase Lorenz-Chen chaotic system after equivalently transforming from chaotic system to passive system. The simulation results show that the system not only can be controlled at the different equilibria, but also can be transformed between the different chaotic attractors.

  7. Dynamic states of a unidirectional ring of chen oscillators

    Carvalho, Ana [Faculty of Sciences, University of Porto, Rua do Campo Alegre s/n, 4440-452 Porto, Portugal (Portugal); Pinto, Carla M.A. [School of Engineering, Polytechnic of Porto, Rua Dr António Bernardino de Almeida, 431, 4200-072 Porto, Portugal (Portugal)


    We study curious dynamical patterns appearing in a network of a unidirectional ring of Chen oscillators coupled to a ‘buffer’ cell. The network has Z{sub 3} exact symmetry group. We simulate the coupled cell systems associated to the two networks and obtain steady-states, rotating waves, quasiperiodic behavior, and chaos. The different patterns appear to arise through a sequence of Hopf, period-doubling and period-halving bifurcations. The network architecture appears to explain some patterns, whereas the properties of the chaotic oscillator may explain others. We use XPPAUT and MATLAB to compute numerically the relevant states.

  8. CPAFFC President Chen Haosu Attends UCLG-ASPAC Council Meeting


    <正>A CPAFFC delegation headed by its president Chen Haosu attended the meetings of the Executive Bureau and the Council of United Cities and Local Governments-Asia Pacific Regional Section (UCLG-ASPAC) and the Annual Regional Training Forum with the themes of "Investment Climate: Economic Development and Employment Growth; City Cleanliness: Environmental Sustainability" in Batam, Indonesia from April 14 to 17. About 200 local government representatives from Indonesia and other countries and regions in the Asia Pacific region participated in the meeting. Chen Haosu who is also president of UCLG-ASPAC made an opening speech at the Annual Training Forum, in which he called on UCLG-ASPAC members to join the efforts to make the Second UCLG World Congress that would be held in Jeju, ROK in October this year a grand gathering of solidarity of local governments the world over and to show the achievement of unity and cooperation of the Asia Pacific region. At the Annual Training Forum, Liu Yang, deputy director of the Foreign Affairs Office of the Beijing Municipal Government, spoke on the theme of "Investment Climate". He gave an account of the efforts made and results achieved by Beijing in creating a favourable investment environment. Members of the next UCLG World Council and World Executive Bureau were elected at the meeting. Beijing was elected member of the World Council and the Executive Bureau.

  9. Modeling phantom energy wormholes from Shan-Chen fluids

    Wang, Deng


    In recent years, cosmic observational data have reported that our present universe is undergoing an accelerated expansion, which has been termed as mysterious "dark energy" phenomena, that is, the origin of dark energy has not been determined yet. According to our previous work that a new equation of state \\cite{X.Shan and H.Chen1993} can be employed to explain the dark energy, and we are very interested in investigating the astrophysical scale properties of dark energy based on the new cosmological fluids given that the universe is filled with a dark energy fluid everywhere. Hence, in this paper, we study the exact solutions of spherically-symmetrical Einstein field equations describing wormholes supported by phantom energy from Shan-Chen (SC) fluids by considering an obvious relation between the transversal pressure and energy density which is different from our previous work \\cite{111}. We have still investigated the important case $\\psi\\approx1$ which corresponds to the " saturation effect ", and this reg...

  10. Synchronization in lattices of coupled non-autonomous Chen system via Lyapunov function

    CHEN tao; ZHOU Sheng-fan


    This paper consider the synchronization of solutions for lattices of the coupled non-autonomous Chen system. By using the Lyapunov function, we show that when the second coupled operator is negative definite self-adjoint and its coefficient is suitable large, the Chen coupled lattice system is bounded dissipative (In particular, the solutions for lattices of the coupled autonomous Chen system converge to zero as t→∞). The synchronization between any two solutions of the coupled Chen system can be slaved only by coefficients in the x- or y-component for the suitably large second coupled coefficient. Finally,some numerical simulations are given.

  11. A new species of the genus Interphasma Chen & He, 2008 (Phasmida: Clitumninae: Medaurini) from Sichuan, China.

    Ho, George Waichun; Shi, Fuming


    Chen and He erected the genus Interphasma in 2008 (Chen & He, 2008). Thirteen species are recognized in this Chinese endemic genus which is distributed in eastern to south-western China (Chen & He, 2008; Chen & Zhang, 2008; Xu et al., 2010). In this paper, a new species, I. lizipingense sp. nov., is described and illustrated from Sichuan, China. A key to the species of the genus is given. The types are deposited in the Museum of Hebei University (HBU) and Hong Kong Entomological Society (HKEM). Full measurements are given to all the types in millimeter (mm.).

  12. Analysis on Chi-Chen Wang's Adaptation of Chapters in the English Translation of Hongloumeng



    Chi-Chen Wang tries hard to translate out the contents that are of interest to the western common readers. This paper is a study of Chi-chen Wang's adaptation of chapters in his two English abridged translations of Hongloumeng, hoping to be of practical use on the study of translation practice.

  13. Parameter identification and synchronization of an uncertain Chen chaotic system via adaptive control

    陈士华; 赵立民; 刘杰


    A systematic design process of adaptive synchronization and parameter identification of an uncertain Chen chaotic system is provided. With this new and effective method, parameter identification and synchronization of the Chen system, with all the system parameters unknown, can be achieved simultaneously. Theoretical proof and numerical simulation demonstrate the effectiveness and feasibility of the proposed method.

  14. CPAFFC President Chen Haosu Leads Delegation to Local Government Climate Change Leadership Summit


    <正>From June 1 to 10, a CPAFFC delegation led by its president Chen Haosu attended the Local Government Climate Change Leadership Summit and the UCLG World Council Meeting in Copenhagen, Demark. The Local

  15. Sociology in Times of Crisis: Chen Da, National Salvation and the Indigenization of Knowledge

    Ana Maria Candela


    Full Text Available Chen Da was one of the foremost sociologists of China from the 1920s to the 1940s. His intellectual habitus took shape from the long crisis that defined Chinese intellectual life from the mid-19th to mid-20th centuries, a period of continuous imperial assault on Chinese sovereignty. As China integrated into the capitalist world-system, neo-Confucian structures of knowledge came into question. Intellectuals took up sociology to guide China’s transition from an empire to a nation-state. Through his studies on labor, migration, and population, Chen Da contributed to the institutionalization of sociology in China. Chen sought to craft a theory of Chinese development that followed universal trajectories of progress but was also attuned to the complexity of Chinese society on the ground. Through his efforts to indigenize sociology, Chen developed a non-Marxist historical materialism, a deterritorialized and pluralistic conceptualization of China as a nation, and a theory of eugenic transformation centered on the concept of “mode of living.” The questions which Chen Da confronted are emblematic of the predicament faced by Chinese social scientists today, who again struggle with the dynamics of a deterritorialzied “Greater China,” rising social fragmentation, and refigured eugenic discourses and policies that aim to craft the Chinese people into ideal national subjects fit for post-socialist development.

  16. Frank Chen 《Many Chinese companies can't explain what their brands signify》



    @@ Frank Chen's brilliant academic credentials belie his soul, searching experience as a grassroots worker. The holder of PhD in Psychology from Beijing Normal University started out as a shop assistant, when he was sent to suburban Shanghai in the I97os as part of the national drive to re-educate urbanites through hard labor. Looking back, Chen finds this a cherished episode in his life that afforded him ample time to read and think. "I managed to read all the books I could lay my hands on. As there were so few of them, I read them repeatedly, with great care. Many books read differently the second time you read them." The politically charged atmosphere of that time also tended to endow people of his generations with a compelling sense of social responsibility. "This is important for my later career development," says Chen.

  17. Analysis on Current Situations of Endangered P.intermedius S.Y.Chen


    We carried out a general survey of current situations of P.intermedius S.Y.Chen.Results show that P.intermedius S.Y.Chen is distributed in Dongkeng Township,Jingnan Township and Yanxi Township.It covers an area of 262.51 hm2.The distribution areas are narrow and limited.What’s worse,it suffers from serious destruction and has been withered in large areas.Besides,according to current introduction test,it is difficult to survive in other places.In accordance with Exploring the Criteria for Endangered Categories of Bamboo Species from China put forward by Ma Naixun et al from the Research Institute of Subtropical Forestry of Chinese Academy of Forestry(RISFCAF),we propose incorporating P.intermedius S.Y.Chen into vulnerable species for protection.

  18. The Analysis of“Chen Ou Style”:A Memetic Perspective

    CHEN Jian-feng


    Chen Ou Style”is one of the most popular discourses and widely used by many people in communication. In this pa⁃per, it is analyzed from a memetics perspective that regards“Chen Ou Style”as a strong meme. The purpose is to find out the in⁃ternal generating mechanism for a meme to become successful, to reveal the evolution process of language, and to provide some useful guidelines and references for better language use. It is concluded that the replication and transmission of“Chen Ou Style”indicates the existence of language memes, and memetics provides a new perspective for the analysis of language imitation, trans⁃mission, change and development.

  19. Prof. CHEN Han-ping: A Thinker in Principles and Practice of Acupuncture-moxibustion

    杨永清; 王宇; 尹磊淼


    The Thinker (Le Penseur) is known as the masterpiece of Auguste Rodin, a distinguished French sculptor, signifying the intellectual activity and creativity of human being. Having put forward a way of "viewing the Earth from the Moon" in developing preclinical and clinical studies of acupuncture, Prof. CHEN Han-ping brought about imaginations to acupuncture scholars with his ideas on the soul, principle, skills and orientations of acupuncture. He deserves the title of "the thinker in principles and practice of acupuncture"[1-3]. The academic ideas of Prof. CHEN Han-ping are now summarized as follows.

  20. Chaos control and reduced-order generalized synchronization for the Chen-Liao system

    Li Rui-Hong; Xu Wei; Li Shuang


    This paper deals with the problem of chaos control and synchronization of the Chen-Liao system. Prom rigorous mathematic justification, the chaotic trajectories of the Chen-Liao system are led to a type of points whose four-dimensional coordinates have a particular functional relation among them. Meanwhile, a new synchronization manner, reduced-order generalized synchronization (RGS), is proposed which has the characteristic of having a functional relation between the slave and the partial master systems. It is shown that this new synchronization phenomenon can be realized by a novel technique. Numerical simulations have verified the effectiveness of the proposed scheme.

  1. CPAFFC President Chen Haosu and His Party Visit Norway and Estonia


    <正>ACPAFFC delegation led by its president Chen Haosu paid a goodwill visit to Norway and Estonia from April 15 to 24. The visit was made at the invitation of the Norway-China Association (NCA)and the Estonia-China Friendship Association (ECFA).


    Denis Dolinar


    Full Text Available This paper empirically examines the well-known Chen-Roll-Ross model on the Croatian stock market. Modifications of definitions of the Chen-Roll-Ross model variables showed as necessary because of doubtful availability and quality of input data needed. Namely, some macroeconomic and market variables are not available in the originally defined form or do not exist. In that sense this paper gives some alternative definitions for some model variables. Also, in order to improve statistical analysis, in this paper we have modified Fama-MacBeth technique in the way that second-pass regression was substituted with panel regression analysis. Based on the two-pass regression analysis of returns of 34 Croatian stocks on 4 macroeconomic variables during the seven-and-half-year observation period the following conclusion is made. In contrast to the results of Chen, Roll and Ross (1986 for the U.S. stock market, their model is not successful when describing a risk-return relation of Croatian stocks. Nevertheless, one observed version of the Chen-RollRoss model showed certain statistical significance. Namely, two risk factors in that version of the model were statistically significant: default premium, measured as risk premium for the corporate short-term bank loan financing, and term structure premium, measured on short-run basis.

  3. CPAFFC President Chen Haosu Gives Lecture on Nongovernmental Diplomacy to US University Students


    <正>At the invitation of China International Travel Service, on the afternoon of May 22, an American international exchange delegation visited the CPAFFC. The delegation, which consists of nearly 80 American students, is organized by the American Envision Program. CPAFFC President Chen Haosu met with the delegation and gave a lecture on China’s non-governmental diplomacy.

  4. 陈寿与《三国志》%Chen Shou and Annals of Three Kingdoms



    Annals of Three Kingdoms is one of the former four histories, its historical value is self- evident, but because of part of the contents, it received much criticize from some person who thought Chen Shou used indirect records to protect himself. Taking Chen Shou's historical knowledge and the current surroundings into consideration, we think Chen Shou documented historical facts fairy pertinently, and there is no confusion of historical events. This paper studies Chen Shou's historical knowledge in part of chapters of Annals of Three Kingdoms and presents it to experts for counsel.%作为前四史之一的《三国志》,其史学价值不言而喻,但由于部分篇章的内容,《三国志》受到众多非议,认为陈寿有曲笔回护之嫌。从陈寿的史识、史德出发以及当时所处环境斟酌,陈氏是比较中肯地记载了历史事实,并未有混淆历史事件,文章依据《三国志》部分章节对陈寿的史识、史德略加推敲,并求教于方家。

  5. In Memory of Professors Chen Yaozhen (Eugene Chan) and Mao Wenshu (Winifred Mao)

    Lezheng Wu


    @@ It has been 16 and 14 years respectively since Professor Chen Yaozhen (Eugene Chan) and Pro-fessor Mao Wenshu (Winifred Mao) passed away. We recollect the great and extraordinary lives ofthese two seniors, their outstanding achievements and contributions as well as the unforgettable andvaluable academic heritages left by them to the ophthalmology in China.

  6. His Excellency Professor Jiaer Chen President, National Natural Science Foundation, People's Republic of China

    Maximilien Brice


    L. to r.: Dr Diether Blechschmidt, Adviser for Non Member States Relations, Dr Peter Jenni, Spokesman, ATLAS Experiment, Prof. Chen, Mr Jean-Luc Baldy, Head of the LHC Civil Engineering Group and Dr John Ellis, Adviser for Non Member States Relations.

  7. Prof. Chen Zhiming Invited to Lecture at 2006 International Congress of Mathematicians


    @@ Prof. Chen Zhiming, a mathematician of the CAS Academy of Mathematics and Systems Science (AMSS), has been invited to make a 45-minute lecture on his work in the field of numerical analysis and scientific computing at the International Congress of Mathematicians (ICM) in Madrid,in August 2006.

  8. In search of low cost titanium: the fray farthing chen (FFC) cambridge process

    Oosthuizen, SJ


    Full Text Available This article explores the Fray Farthing Chen (FFC) Cambridge process, a novel method for the electrochemical deoxidation of metal oxides in molten salt, discovered at the University of Cambridge in 1997. The process was hailed as a highly promising...

  9. In search of low cost titanium: the Fray Farthing Chen (FFC) Cambridge process

    Oosthuizen, SJ


    Full Text Available This article explores the Fray Farthing Chen (FFC) Cambridge Process, a novel method for the electrochemical de-oxidation of metal oxides in molten salt, discovered at the University of Cambridge in 1997. The process was hailed as a highly promising...

  10. The Helmsman of the “Chemical Fiber Carrier” Interview with Chen Jianhua


    In a gathering,some so-called successful businessmen are talking happily.Among them is a famous chemical fiber manufacturer Chen Jianhua.Chen recalled his past in his memoir "My Endeavor"-"I was born in a remote town Shengze in 1971, suffering an impoverished life when I was very young.My family is hard to afford tuition fee when I was a pupil,…."But a hero is known in the time of misfortune,Chen owns a total asset of 13 billion Yuan at this moment with his unremitting efforts year by year,mastering a kingdom of chemical fiber-Hengli Group..As an old saying goes "Suffering is wealth",the early experience steeled Chen,endowing the wealth and fortitude to him. After skimming over Chen’s memoir,I continued a further face to face interview with him in order to understand his course of struggle more deeply.All the success have their own highlights in their characters,therefore,we cannot make an exception of Chen’s case.

  11. Treatment of Chronic Bronchitis with Modified Ma Xing Shi Gan Tang and Er Chen Tang

    朱颖; 刘晓东


    @@ Chronic bronchitis is a disease commonly seen in the clinic. The authors have treated 78 cases of the disease with modified Ma Xing Shi Gan Tang (麻杏石甘汤 Decoction of Ephedra, Armeniacae Amarum, Glycyrrhizae and Gypsum Fibrosum) plus Er Chen Tang (二陈汤 Two Old Drugs Decoction). The results were satisfactory and reported as follows.

  12. 陈树藩的多面人生%On Chen ShushengS Multi -faceted Life

    封晶; 封五昌


    陈树藩是陕西近代史上一位重要人物,也是一位颇具争议的人物。但纵观其一生,具有颇多传奇色彩和多面性,不可一概持否定态度。因此,通过史料爬梳,去伪存真,对陈树藩做出符合客观事实的评价,是符合历史唯物主义的。%ChenShufan is an important person and a controversial figure in the history of Shaanxi province. His life is a legend and multi -faceted, so cannot be commented negatively. Therefore, to make an objective comments on Chen Shufan, based on the historical materials, is in accordance with the spirit of the historical materialism.

  13. Self-Representation and Cultural Expectations: Yogi Chen and Religious Practices of Life-Writing

    Richard K. Payne


    Full Text Available Explores the differences in self-representation as found in the autobiographical writings of Yogi Chen, Billy Graham, and the Dalai Lama. While the latter two are widely recognized in American popular religious culture, the former is virtually invisible outside the immigrant Chinese American community. This invisibility is consistent with fact that the religious praxes of immigrant communities remain largely under-studied. However, one additional factor appears to be the mismatch between the expectations of the dominant religious culture and the immigrant culture in terms of the ways in which religious leaders represent themselves. Both Billy Graham and the Dalai Lama present themselves in very humble terms, consistent with the expectations of the Pietist background to American popular religion. Yogi Chen on the contrary tends toward a self-aggrandizing style, which although consistent with the competitive nature of premodern Tibetan religious culture is not congruent with the expectations of American popular religion.

  14. Dr.CHEN Ying-yi's Experience in Treating Premature Ovarian Failure

    QIAN Hai-mo; FAN Xiao-yan; CHEN Ying-yi; WANG Xin-zhong


    @@ Dr.CHEN Ying-yi(陈颖异 1957-), female, chief physician, one of the forth-batch supervisors for the work of carrying on the academic experiences of the national veteran TCM experts.Dr.CHEN was once the student of the famous TCM professor HE Shao-shan, and has been engaged in TCM gynecology for more than 30 years, with more than30 essays published.She has taken charge of 5research subjects, of which 1 got the 3rd prize for the TCM scientific advance and creation of Zhejiang Province, 2 got the 3rd prize for Wenzhou municipal scientific advance, and 2 got the 2nd prize for Ruian municipal scientific advance.

  15. [Professor Chen Quan-xin's experiences on treatment of facial paralysis].

    Wu, Hao


    The clinical experiences of Professor Chen Quan-xin on treatment of facial paralysis are introduced. Based on the theory of Chinese medicine and instructed by differentiation of syndromes, Professor Chen attached great importance on analysis of etiology and pathology in modern medicine, and emphasized on treatment of facial paralysis according to different classifications and stages in combination of differentiation of syndromes and differentiation of diseases. His selection of point is refined and accurate. Conduct of qi through needling manipulations and reinforcing and reducing methods in various degrees are promoted by him as well. And it is held that obvious enhancement of the therapeutic effect can be achieved since other treatments are combined according to different types and stages of the disease.

  16. Professor Dr. Chen Anmin voted in as the new president of Chinese German Society of Medicine


    @@ On June 24th 2006, Chinese German Society of Medicine (Chinesisch-Deutsche Gesellschaft für Medizin, CDGM) convened a representative assembly in Wuhan. Prof. Dr. Chen Anmin was elected as the new president of CDGM, who is also the director of Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College of Huazhong University of Science & Technology. In the mean time the Director Council and the Permanent Director's council were also selected. Mr.Dong Weiguo has been voted in as secretary-general.

  17. Application of Piecewise Successive Linearization Method for the Solutions of the Chen Chaotic System

    S. S. Motsa


    Full Text Available This paper centres on the application of the new piecewise successive linearization method (PSLM in solving the chaotic and nonchaotic Chen system. Numerical simulations are presented graphically and comparison is made between the PSLM and Runge-Kutta-based methods. The work shows that the proposed method provides good accuracy and can be easily extended to other dynamical systems including those that are chaotic in nature.


    Melanie; MeGanney


    Images provided by the author unless otherwise stated■This summer the first major U.S.solo exhibition by leading Taiwanese artist Chen Chieh-jen took place at Manhattan's Asia Society.The exhibition 'Condensation' united five silent films that address a variety of social topics into a cohesive unit. The films reflect the mind of someone who came to artistic maturity during a rapidly changing political environment in Taiwan.

  19. 陈序经与泰族研究%Chen Xujing and Thai Studies



    British and Thai scholars argue that the ethnic Thais originated from the southern part of China and Nanzhao was the country that they established. When Kublai Khan troops invaded and occupied Dali, the ethnic Thais migrated southwards in large numbers. Prof. Chen Xujing was one of the frrst Chinese scholars who challenged the British and Thai proposition and made scholarly contributions to the Thai studies.

  20. Tensioned Fabric Structures with Surface in the Form of Chen-Gackstatter

    Yee Hooi Min


    Full Text Available Form-finding has to be carried out for tensioned fabric structure in order to determine the initial equilibrium shape under prescribed support condition and prestress pattern. Tensioned fabric structures are normally designed to be in the form of equal tensioned surface. Tensioned fabric structure is highly suited to be used for realizing surfaces of complex or new forms. However, research study on a new form as a tensioned fabric structure has not attracted much attention. Another source of inspiration minimal surface which could be adopted as form for tensioned fabric structure is very crucial. The aim of this study is to propose initial equilibrium shape of tensioned fabric structures in the form of Chen-Gackstatter. Computational form-finding using nonlinear analysis method is used to determine the Chen-Gackstatter form of uniformly stressed surfaces. A tensioned fabric structure must curve equally in opposite directions to give the resulting surface a three dimensional stability. In an anticlastic doubly curved surface, the sum of all positive and all negative curvatures is zero. This study provides an alternative choice for structural designer to consider the Chen-Gackstatter applied in tensioned fabric structures. The results on factors affecting initial equilibrium shape can serve as a reference for proper selection of surface parameter for achieving a structurally viable surface.

  1. Secure communications based on the synchronization of the hyperchaotic Chen and the unified chaotic systems

    Smaoui, N.; Karouma, A.; Zribi, M.


    This paper deals with the adaptive synchronization of two identical hyperchaotic master and slave systems. The master system and the slave system each consists of two subsystems: a hyperchaotic Chen subsystem and a unified chaotic subsystem. The asymptotic convergence of the errors between the states of the master system and the states of the slave system is proven using Lyapunov theory. Simulation results are presented to illustrate the ability of the control law to synchronize the master and slave systems. Moreover, the proposed control scheme is applied to encrypt and decrypt discrete signals such as digital images where computer simulation results are provided to show that the proposed control law works well.

  2. Theoretical and Practical Progress of New Heliostat by Chen et al.

    A. Kribus


    Recently, Chen and his team were active in the theoretical and practical study of a new heliostat for the use of solar energy. This work represents the first innovation in the area of heliostats after many years of little progress.The mathematical development of the tracking and concentration optics principles, and the practical implementation and demonstration of the technology, are both very interesting advances in this field. Many applications are possible for this technology such as generation of solar electricity and solar industrial process heat.

  3. Theoretical and Practical Progress of New Heliostat by Chen et al.

    Kribus, A.


    Recently, Chen and his team were active in the theoretical and practical study of a new heliostat for the use of solar energy. This work represents the first innovation in the area of heliostats after many years of little progress. The mathematical development of the tracking and concentration optics principles, and the practical implementation and demonstration of the technology, are both very interesting advances in this field. Many applications are possible for this technology such as generation of solar electricity and solar industrial process heat.

  4. CPAFFC President Chen Haosu Leads Chinese Goodwill Delegation to Five Gulf Countries


    <正>An 11-member Chinese Goodwill Delegation headed by CPAFFC President Chen Haosu visited Qatar, Kuwait, Bahrain, Oman and Saudi Arabia from November 25 to December 8, 2005 at the invitation of the Central Municipal Council of Qatar, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Kuwait, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Bahrain, the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Oman and the Saudi Arabia-China Friendship Association. During the visit, the delegation had substantial meetings on cooperation with relevant organizations of the five countries. The visit has played a positive role in enhancing friendship between the

  5. CPAFFC President Chen Haosu Leads Delegation To Russia,Latvia and Lithuania


    <正>A CPAFFC delegation headed by its president Chen Haosu paid a friendly visit to Russia,Latvia and Lithuania from May 31 to June 9 at the invitation of the Russian Centre for International Scientific and Cultural Cooperation,the United Latvian Friendship Society with Foreign Countries and the Lithuanian Parliament. In Russia,the delegation attended the 12th Symposium on China-Russia Regional Cooperation,one of the activities of the Year of China. Leaders of friendship organizations and relevant departments,representatives of local governments and small and medium-sized enterprises,totaling over 70 people,attended the symposium.

  6. Chen Jingrun, China's famous mathematician: devastated by brain injuries on the doorstep to solving a fundamental mathematical puzzle.

    Lei, Ting; Belykh, Evgenii; Dru, Alexander B; Yagmurlu, Kaan; Elhadi, Ali M; Nakaji, Peter; Preul, Mark C


    Chen Jingrun (1933-1996), perhaps the most prodigious mathematician of his time, focused on the field of analytical number theory. His work on Waring's problem, Legendre's conjecture, and Goldbach's conjecture led to progress in analytical number theory in the form of "Chen's Theorem," which he published in 1966 and 1973. His early life was ravaged by the Second Sino-Japanese War and the Chinese Cultural Revolution. On the verge of solving Goldbach's conjecture in 1984, Chen was struck by a bicyclist while also bicycling and suffered severe brain trauma. During his hospitalization, he was also found to have Parkinson's disease. Chen suffered another serious brain concussion after a fall only a few months after recovering from the bicycle crash. With significant deficits, he remained hospitalized for several years without making progress while receiving modern Western medical therapies. In 1988 traditional Chinese medicine experts were called in to assist with his treatment. After a year of acupuncture and oxygen therapy, Chen could control his basic bowel and bladder functions, he could walk slowly, and his swallowing and speech improved. When Chen was unable to produce complex work or finish his final work on Goldbach's conjecture, his mathematical pursuits were taken up vigorously by his dedicated students. He was able to publish Youth Math, a mathematics book that became an inspiration in Chinese education. Although he died in 1996 at the age of 63 after surviving brutal political repression, being deprived of neurological function at the very peak of his genius, and having to be supported by his wife, Chen ironically became a symbol of dedication, perseverance, and motivation to his students and associates, to Chinese youth, to a nation, and to mathematicians and scientists worldwide.

  7. Le jeu de la création : Le mangeur (2005 de Ying Chen

    Nicole Dunham


    Full Text Available Le théoricien James Hans définit le jeu comme une déconstruction structurante, un processus de perpétuelle remise en question. Dans Le Mangeur (2005 de Ying Chen, la narratrice revit un épisode d’une de ses vies passées où elle meurt mangée, avalée, par son père, descendant dans le « tunnel » du ventre de ce dernier. Cependant, suite à cet événement, elle se retrouve dans un autre espace-temps où elle rencontre son mari, A.. Une équivalence s’établit dans le roman entre les éléments suivants : le ventre du père, les tableaux peints par ce dernier et l’espace-temps de A., et la fenêtre. Ces éléments deviennent des aires de jeu, remettant en question les concepts de l’intérieur et de l’extérieur et du créateur et de l’œuvre. En nous servant du texte « Le Tunnel » écrit par Ying Chen, nous démontrerons que cette notion du jeu s’applique également à l’ensemble de son œuvre.

  8. Research on Chen Jinghan’s Novels%陈景韩的小说研究



    Chen Jinghan’s novels, whether the original or the translated ones, are published in the course of his career in newspapers. Different from many other novelists, most of Chen Jinghan’s novels were based on current affairs and for the purpose of salvaging the country, so many of his novels have a strong political taste. With avant-grade individual consciousness, Chen Jinghan absorbed the advanced Western culture actively in the process of his eloquently stating the socal evils, which also rendered him one of the ifrst Chinese to accept and disseminate the translated novels and detective novels. And his the chivalrous novels broke the stereotype of traditional “swordsman culture” to achieve the social transformation of the traditional chivalrous novels, and made them more down-to-earth, relfecting the reality, and exposing thereality.%陈景韩的小说,无论是翻译小说还是创作,都是在其报刊从业过程中发表的。与很多小说家不同,陈景韩的大部分小说都是以时事为基础,以救国救民为目的,因此他的许多小说带有很强的政治性。凭借着前卫的个人意识,陈景韩的作品在痛陈时弊、反抗侵略的过程中仍然积极吸收西方国家的先进文化,这也使他成为中国较早接受并传播翻译小说、侦探小说的知识分子。而他的侠义小说创作,突破了传统侠文化的窠臼,实现了传统侠义小说的社会化改造,更加贴近现实、反映现实、揭露现实。

  9. Baudelaire’s Influence on Duo Duo’s Poetry through Chen Jingrong, a Chinese Woman Poet Translating from French



    Full Text Available As a woman poet, Chen Jingrong’s productions encompassed the whole 20th century: of particular interest are her poetry translations from the French language. Thanks to her translation work, valuable understanding of Charles Baudelaire’s poetry was made available in China, which influenced the Chinese contemporary poet, Duo Duo, when he first started writing poetry during his youth. This paper tries to depict the importance of this contribution of Chen Jingrong and its effect on the process of renovation of the contemporary poetic scene in China.

  10. Wormholes supported by phantom energy from Shan-Chen cosmological fluids

    Wang, D


    The firm observational confirmation of the late-time acceleration of the universe expansion has proposed a major challenge to the theoretical foundations of cosmology and the explanation of the acceleration mechanism requires the introduction of either a simply cosmological constant, or of a mysterious dark energy component (time dependent or modified gravities), filling the universe and dominating its current expansionary evolution. Universally given that the universe is permeated by a dark energy fluid, therefore, we should also investigate the astrophysical scale properties from the dark energy effects. In the present paper, the exact solutions of spherically-symmetrical Einstein field equations describing wormholes supported by phantom energy that violates the null energy condition from Shan-Chen fluid description are obtained. We have considered the important case that the model parameter $\\psi\\approx1$ which corresponds to the `` saturation effect ", and this regime corresponds to an effective form of `...

  11. The model test of restoration project of the gravel beach of Chen Village fishing port

    Wang, D. X.; Gui, J. S.; Sun, J. W.


    Gravel beach is a case in coastal landform by wave action. It is more and more crucial for the environment of coastal engineering in recent years. However, it is poorly studied for it in China. And this paper which is based on the model test of Restoration Project of the Gravel Beach of Chen Village Fishing Port, uses two dimensional normal physical models, aiming at exploring the movement of gravel beach under wave action and verifying the stability of the gravel beach section. The test depends on different water levels (designed high water level, designed low water level, and extreme high water level) and return periods (2, 5, 10, 25, 50 years once). Finally, two distinct experimental sections are got under the changed conditions and the movement law of gravels is obtained.

  12. Relativistic particles with rigidity generating non-standard examples of Willmore-Chen hypersurfaces

    Arroyo, Josu; Garay, Oscar J. [Departamento de Matematicas, Universidad del Pais Vasco, Bilbao (Spain)]. E-mails:;; Barros, Manuel [Departamento de Geometria y Topologia, Universidad de Granada, Granada (Spain)]. E-mail:


    We study a natural extension to higher dimensions of the Nambu-Goto-Polyakov action. In particular, those dynamical objects evolving with SO(3) symmetry in four dimensions. We show that this problem is strongly related to that of relativistic particles with rigidity of order three in a hyperbolic plane. The moduli space of solitonic solutions is completely determined in terms of the so-called rotation number. A quantization principle for closed solutions is also obtained and this gives a rational one-parameter family of Willmore-Chen hypersurfaces in the standard conformal structure of dimension four. Moreover, these are the first non-standard examples of this kind of hypersurfaces. (author)

  13. 陈染研究述评%Review:Studies on Chen Ran



    Chen Ran is regarded as the leader of "personal writing",who adheres to the marginal writing attitude and persists in expressing the female-specific survival experience as the way to human spiritual home.Her unique writing style and alternative artistic exploration is of great significance in literary history.Studies on this are numerous,but not yet reviewed in an orderly manner.This paper,therefore,attempts to systemize the academic dialogues on Chen Ran′s practice in literary field,to provide a brief account of the studies on her,by discussing some core issues on her writing such as individualized writing,lonely consciousness,and gender consciousness.%被称为"个人化写作"领军人物的陈染,坚持边缘性的写作姿态,执著于表达女性特有的生存体验,以此抵达人类的精神家园。其独特的写作风格和另类的艺术探索都具有重要的文学史意义,目前已有不少研究文章,但尚未得到及时的梳理。本文试图从个人化写作、孤独意识、性别意识等陈染写作核心问题归纳,以期展现学界关于陈染的文本实践的对话,勾勒出陈染研究的脉络。

  14. Towards Transformation of Knowledge and Subjectivity in Curriculum Inquiry: Insights from Chen Kuan-Hsing's "Asia as Method"

    Lin, Angel M. Y.


    Chen's book, "Asia as Method" (Duke University Press, 2010), and his theorization on topics of de-imperialization, de-colonization, de-cold war, as well as on foregrounding epistemologies and frames of reference situated in the diverse contexts in Asia have contributed to empowering scholars and researchers situated not only in Taiwan,…

  15. The Main Diseases and Control Measures of Panax notoginseng(Burk) F. H. Chen in Wuzhou City

    Chen; Yinghui; Liu; Zhuowu; Qiu; Weihua; Tan; Xinxing; Li; Jinfeng


    The main symptoms of root rot,anthracnose,blight and damping-off of Panax notoginseng( Burk) F. H. Chen are introduced in the paper,and the corresponding control measures are elaborated from the aspects of agricultural management measures,seed disinfection,seedbed treatment and chemical control.

  16. 沉湖湿地生物多样性研究%Investigation and Research on Biodiversity of Chen Lake Wetland



    Plant diversity, animal diversity and ecosystem diversity in the wetland were studied with field investigation and statistical analysis, and then biodiversity of Chen Lake wetland was also valued. The results showed that the reasonable utilization and protection for biodiversity of Chen Lake wetland gave important contribution to improving the regional environment and sustainable development of Wuhan, and even the middle-lower Yangtze area.

  17. The impact of systematic landscape conservation planning on ecosystem: Chen Youlan river watershed

    Chen, Chi-ju


    Heraclitus said that "no man ever steps in the same river twice." Everything continues to change. Land use change will keep redefine itself and subject the Earth and humankind to collateral changes. Humankind benefits from ecosystem in many ways. The ecosystem provides people with nutrients, enriches soil with sediment, and sustains all living organisms with water; these benefits are known as ecosystem services. In Taiwan, land use change has impacted ecosystem and biodiversity on various levels. Thus, we took six land use scenarios from 1999 to 2005 in Chen Youlan river watershed as our case study, intending to observe the course of ecosystem and biodiversity changes and the cause of it. Systematic Landscape conservation planning (SLCP) framework can be adopted when designing land use policy to safeguard human interests and ecosystem. This study use SLCP to develop ecosystem services and biodiversity protection strategies. Several strategies were designed by using 1999 to 2005 data as provision to protect the intactness of future ecosystem services and biodiversity. This research explores the potential and possible impacts of different land use protection strategies in the future. It is possible to identify the conservation priority of a certain region by using the Zonation meta-algorithm. This study selects the zonation critical protection area (Joint set of Yushan National Park) as strategy A, B and C. Strategy D takes Yushan National Park as a protected area; unstable hot spots in 1999/03 (Joint set of Yushan National Park) are selected as strategy E. Next, we used Kappa statistical method to find the minimal ecosystem services change and biodiversity hotspots change of the five aforementioned strategies and compared with those from 1999/03. By the Kappa statistical method, we further prioritized the important conservation areas by strategy A, B, C, E in the future. The results can not only serve as management reference for government agencies, but also develop

  18. Chen's lattice inversion embedded-atom method for Ni-Al alloy

    Zhang Chuan-Hui; Huang Shuo; Shen Jiang; Chen Nan-Xian


    The structural properties,the enthalpies of formation,and the mechanical properties of some Ni-Al intermetallic compounds (NiAl,Ni3Al,NiAl3,Ni5Al3,NiaAl4) are studied by using Chen's lattice inversion embedded-atom method (CLI-EAM).Our calculated lattice parameters and cohesive energies of Ni-Al compounds are consistent with the experimental and the other EAM results.The results of enthalpy of formation indicate a strong chemical interaction between Ni and Al in the intermetallic compounds.Through analyzing the alloy elastic constants,we find that all the Ni-Al intermetallic compounds discussed are mechanically stable.The bulk moduli of the compounds increase with the increasing Ni concentration.Our results also suggest that NiAl,Ni3Al.NiAl3,and Ni5Al3 are ductile materials with lower ratios of shear modulus to bulk modulus;while Ni3Al4 is brittle with a higher ratio.

  19. Psychometric properties of the Revised Chen Internet Addiction Scale (CIAS-R) in Chinese adolescents.

    Mak, Kwok-Kei; Lai, Ching-Man; Ko, Chih-Hung; Chou, Chien; Kim, Dong-Il; Watanabe, Hiroko; Ho, Roger C M


    The Revised Chen Internet Addiction Scale (CIAS-R) was developed to assess Internet addiction in Chinese populations, but its psychometric properties in adolescents have not been examined. This study aimed to evaluate the factor structure and psychometric properties of CIAS-R in Hong Kong Chinese adolescents. 860 Grade 7 to 13 students (38 % boys) completed the CIAS-R, the Young's Internet Addiction Test (IAT), and the Health of the Nation Outcome Scales for Children and Adolescents (HoNOSCA) in a survey. The prevalence of Internet addiction as assessed by CIAS-R was 18 %. High internal consistency and inter-item correlations were reported for the CIAS-R. Results from the confirmatory factor analysis suggested a four-factor structure of Compulsive Use and Withdrawal, Tolerance, Interpersonal and Health-related Problems, and Time Management Problems. Moreover, results of hierarchical multiple regression supported the incremental validity of the CIAS-R to predict mental health outcomes beyond the effects of demographic differences and self-reported time spent online. The CIAS is a reliable and valid measure of internet addiction problems in Hong Kong adolescents. Future study is warranted to validate the cutoffs of the CIAS-R for identification of adolescents with Internet use problems who may have mental health needs.

  20. La palabra y el aire: Conjuros del alba de Jorge Chen-Sham

    Carolina Sanabria


    Full Text Available El presente artículo analiza el segundo poemario de Jorge Chen-Sham, Conjuros del alba, a la luz de la vinculación directa con el libro anterior, Nocturnos de mar inacabada. Destaca los elementos que guían la lectura de un trabajo muy estructurado porque la organización en ejes temáticos permite brindar una clave de lectura. En este caso la articulación está dada por la invocación de la palabra en su acepción divina como creadora de realidad bajo la forma de conjuros –y en sintonía estructural y lingüística con el discurso bíblico arcaizante, pero sin ceñirse por completo en virtud del carácter pagano de estos–. Pero los alcances de la palabra no se limitan a esta dimensión, puesto que el hablante lírico hace ver también su injerencia como mediador del deseo. Y si el poeta por principio lo que busca es la elevación de su espíritu, se mueve necesariamente en el ámbito del aire –que es el mismo elemento al que pertenece el alba–, donde las cosmogonías ubican el origen del mundo.

  1. Wormholes supported by phantom energy from Shan-Chen cosmological fluids

    Wang, Deng [Nankai University, Theoretical Physics Division, Chern Institute of Mathematics, Tianjin (China); Meng, Xin-He [Nankai University, Department of Physics, Tianjin (China); Institute of Theoretical Physics, CAS, State key Lab of Theoretical Physics, Beijing (China)


    In the present paper, the exact solutions of spherically symmetrical Einstein field equations describing wormholes supported by phantom energy that violates the null energy condition from Shan-Chen background fluid are obtained. We have considered the important case of the model parameter ψ ∼ 1, which corresponds to the ''saturation effect'', and this regime corresponds to an effective form of ''asymptotic freedom'' for the fluids, but occurring at cosmological rather than subnuclear scales. Then we investigate the allowed range for the values of the model parameters g and ω when the spacetime metrics describe wormholes and discuss the possible singularities of the solutions, finding that the obtained spacetimes are geodesically complete. Furthermore, we construct two traversable wormholes through matching our obtained interior solutions to the exterior Schwarzschild solutions and analyze the traversabilities of the wormholes. Finally, we consider the case of anisotropic pressure and discover that the transverse pressure also crosses the phantom divide -1 with the growth of the wormhole dimension, and it tends to be the same as the radial pressure with the growth of the wormhole radius. (orig.)

  2. Chaos Generated from the Fractional-Order Complex Chen System and its Application to Digital Secure Communication

    Luo, Chao; Wang, Xingyuan


    In this paper, a novel dynamic system, the fractional-order complex Chen system, is presented for the first time. Dynamic behaviors of system are studied analytically and numerically. Different routes to chaos are shown, and diverse kinds of motions are identified and exhibited by means of bifurcation diagram, portrait phase and the largest Lyapunov exponent. Secondly, an application to digital secure communication based on the novel system is proposed, in which security is enhanced by continually switching different orders of derivative in an irregular pattern. Furthermore, making full use of the advantage of high-capacity transmission of complex system, the improved digital secure communication scheme is achieved based on hybrid synchronization in coupled fractional-order complex Chen system, that means anti-synchronization in real part of state variables and projective synchronization in imaginary part, respectively. The corresponding numerical simulations demonstrate the effectiveness and feasibility of the proposed schemes.

  3. Discussion of Translation of Chen Zhongshi's Prose%陈忠实散文翻译漫谈



    Chen Zhongshi, who is China's famous contemporary writer, writes many prose besides the well-known book. The author was given a chance to participate in the project of "translation of Chen Zhongshi's prose works and the research", namely two prose translation. In this paper, the author tries to talk about own opinions with colleagues from cultural perspective and faithfully expressing.%陈忠实是我国当代著名作家,除了其成名作之外,还写了许多散文.笔者有幸参与了“陈忠实散文作品翻译及其研究”项目,翻译散文两篇.本文试图从文化角度和忠实表达谈谈自己的看法,和同行商榷.

  4. 陈治平治疗乳腺癌经验%CHEN Zhiping's Experience in Treatment of Breast Cancer

    谭为; 付婷婷; 王昌俊


    陈治平为广东省首批名老中医,擅治白癜风、荨麻疹、银屑病、泌尿系结石、慢性肾炎、脉管炎、癌证等病证.文章从病因病机、治则、用药特色、典型病案等方面总结了陈治平老中医在乳腺癌治疗上的临床经验.%CHEN Zhiping was one of the famous TCM doctors in Guangdong province.He was expert in the treatment of vitiligo,urticaria,psoriasis,urolithiasis,chronic nephritis,angiitis,and cancer.This article summarized the clinical experience on treatment of breast cancer of CHEN Zhiping from etiology and pathogenesis,therapeutical principle,medication characteristics and typical case.

  5. Devotion to China’s Education in the 21st Century——Chen Zhili, Minister of Education


    AMONG 29 newly appointedcross-century Ministers of theState Council in 1998, ChenZhili, is one of only two women. Herappointment has caused a mild sensationamong the mass media at home and abroad,not only due to her female status but alsothe important role education plays inChina’s basic policy of "revitalizing thecountry through science and technology."As Minister of Education in a country witha population of 1.2 billion, Chen Zhili notonly has profound scientific and culturalknowledge, but the necessary, rich workingand life experiences as a leader. She isindeed qualified to be in charge of China’seducation in the 21 st century, according tosome media.

  6. Investigating the Reliability and Validity of Chen and Starosta’s Intercultural Sensitivity Scale (ISS) against Chinese Cultural Background

    刘涵; Salasiah Che Lah


    Intercultural Communication Competence (ICC), as one of the research ifelds of intercultural communication, has been given much importance from scholars all around the world. Intercultural sensitivity is one of the three dimensions in Dr Chen’s ICC model. This research investigates the reliability and validity of Chen and Starosta’s Intercultural Sensitivity Scale (ISS) (2000) against Chinese cultural background by using Chinese university students majoring in English as respondents.

  7. The ostracod assemblages and their environmental significance in the Chen Coarea, southern Tibet in recent 1400 years


    The CC1 core, with a length of 216 cm, was drilled in the west part of the Chen Co(Lake) in southern Tibet Plateau. The 210Pb and 137Cs measurement indicated that it was aconsecutive sedimentary sequence since ca. 1400 years. The ostracoda and their assemblages underthe level of 1 cm samples' cutting interval were finished for this core to reveal the pastenvironmental changes in the lake area. A total of 15 species of ostracods belonging to 7 genera inthe core sediments had been identified. According to the ostracod distributions, abundances andpreservations in the core, seven ostracod assemblages had been distinguished. The ostracodassemblages and their ecological features, together with the sediments dating decision were used toinfer the past ca. 1400 years environmental changes of the Chen Co environmental evolutions inthree stages, which had responded to the Medieval Ages Warm-period (MAW), the Little Ice Age(LIA) and modem warm period. The results show that the changes of the Chen Co environment hadbeen mainly influenced by the climatic variations. The trend of the lake level fluctuations had beenaccorded with that of climatic variation during the past 1400 years.

  8. [Academic thoughts on Practice of acupuncture and moxibustion written by CHEN Jingwen, the acupuncture master in the Republic of China].

    Huang, Weiping; Li, Naiqi


    Through the collection of Practice of acupuncture and moxibustion written by CHEN Jingwen, the acupuncture master in the Republic of China, the academic characteristics on acupuncture and moxibusiton were analyzed. The literature comparison method was adopted to compare the works of LUO Zhaoju, ZENG Tianzhi and LI Wenxian, etc. at the same period. It was discovered that CHEN Jingwen was the medical master who systematicly brought up the theory of acupoint properties earlier in the modern times. Classifying drugs based on acupoints was his academic feature. Additionally, the compatibility therapy of Chinese medicine was introduced to explain the essential ideas on the acupoints combination. The treatment was determined on the basis of zangxiang theory and the reinforcing and reducing therapy of acupuncture was emphasized in the determination of treatment and prescription. CHEN Jingwen's theory of acupoint property had been stressed and spread among the medical scholars in the Republic of China and he had made the beneficial exploration for the development of modern acupuncture and moxibustion therapy.

  9. Robustness of the Chen-Dougherty-Bittner procedure against non-normality and heterogeneity in the coefficient of variation.

    Powell, Douglas A; Anderson, Lucy M; Cheng, Robert Y S; Alvord, W Gregory


    Chen, Dougherty, and Bittner [Y. Chen, E. R. Dougherty, and M. L. Bittner, J. Biomed. Opt. 2(4), 364-374 (1997)] provided the derivation of a probability density function (PDF) for a signal ratio from a DNA microarray. This PDF is potentially useful for testing whether a pair of signals from the same gene has a common mean. The derivation of the PDF assumes the normality of all signal distributions and a common coefficient of variation (CV) for all signals within a microarray. The testing procedure requires the calculation of a common confidence interval for a microarray, based on a maximum likelihood estimator of the "common" CV, and the determination of whether or not a ratio for a particular gene falls within this interval. This study used Monte Carlo techniques and demonstrated that the procedure is robust to violations of normality and also to constancy in the coefficients of variation. A closer examination of the dynamics of the procedure found that the robustness was the result of offsetting effects. The size of the confidence interval was increased as a result of higher estimates of the common CV, as the actual CV pattern became heterogeneous. This effect mitigated the inflation in the size of the ratio as a result of increasing CV heterogeneity. These findings suggest that the Chen-Dougherty-Bittner procedure may be used even if underlying assumptions do not hold.

  10. On Chen Lang's Historical Drama Creation%论陈烺的历史剧创作



    Chen Lang's historical dramas are based on historical facts with historical authenticity.His adaptation and inno-vation of historical facts mainly manifested in two aspects:one is to pay attention to reflection of social reality especially a-bout government corruption,sarcasm,the feudal rulers'corruption,which reflected the author's realistic care,increased the works'social-expressed dynamics and his profundity of thought,and reflected the author's hope of looking forward to the ideal characters to save malpractices in his last days.The other is to honor the persons loyal to lofty ideals of patriot-ism or strengthen the characters of virtue and moral integrity.The opera effect lies in revealing characters'positive and good moral sentiment,reflecting their own moral ideal,and guiding people to feel good,to purify the moral,sublimation mental state through the plot and image characterization.Chen Lang's historical plays,according to the story contents and characters to build system,free and flexible,moderate,made his historical plays acquire a larger artistic expression,re-flecting the personalized art creation and mature in late Qing dynasty.%陈烺的历史剧,多依据史实创作,具有基本的历史真实性。他的历史剧对史实的改编与创新,主要表现在两个方面:一是敷演史实,注重反映社会现实,特别是描写朝廷腐败,嘲讽和暴露封建统治者的昏聩腐朽及奸佞暴虐,表现出作者强烈的现实关怀。它增加了作品表现社会的力度及思想的深刻性,反映出作者身处末世,期盼理想人物拯救时弊、挽狂澜于既倒的心愿;二是表彰忠君爱国的志士仁人,强化人物品行与节操的描写。其戏曲效果在于通过情节和形象刻画,彰显人物积极优秀的道德情操,引导人们感受美好,认识崇高,净化道德,升华精神境界;同时,也反映了作者的道德理想。陈烺的历史剧,依据剧情内容与人物刻

  11. Politics in the Western Maya Region (I: Ajawil/Ajawlel and Ch'e'n

    Péter Bíró


    Full Text Available In a series of articles I reflect on the use of various expressions which are connected to what we call the political in the inscriptions of the Classic Maya Western Region. These words express concepts which help to understand the intricate details of the interactions between the political entities and their internal organisations in the Classic Maya Lowlands. Words such as 7ajawil, 7ajawlel, the kennings built on the base of ch'e7n (cave, pond, the emblem glyphs and titles will be examined in light of what they tell us about the functioning of the political organisation of the Classic Period in a constrained region.En una serie de artículos como éste investigo el uso de varias palabras en las inscripciones mayas de la época Clásica de la Región Occidental vinculadas con lo que nosotros llamamos "política". Estas palabras expresan conceptos que ayudan a entender los matices de las relaciones entre las entidades políticas de las Tierras Bajas Mayas y su organización interna. Términos como ajaw'ü I ajawlel, los difrasismos con base ch'e'n (cueva, pozo, los glifos emblemas y los títulos serán examinados tomando en cuenta la información que nos proporcionan sobre el funcionamiento de la organización política de la época Clásica en una región restringida.

  12. 陈法的读书观%Study on Chen Fa's Reading View



    The Experience of Guishan Academy embody the educational thought of Chen Fa, who is a famous scholar from Guizhou in Qing dynasty. He hold the opinion that the purpose of education for countries is to cultivate useful talents. Reading is aimed to grasp the principles of being an upright person, change temperamen, rather than obtain the national examination success; Reading can't have very utilitarian purpose,only after correct target at first, can you understand the word of a generation ago; Reading avoid by all means blunders,you shuold keep your heart tranquil, and handle affairs step by step, then you can be successful. The statement of chenfa about education purpose, method, enlightened the significance of correcting all kinds of errors in modern education.%《贵山书院学约》集中体现了清代贵州名儒陈法的读书思想。陈法认为:读书的目的在于明达义理,变化气质,非仅博取功名;读书要先摒除功利之心,心地干净,才能对圣贤义理有真切的领悟;读书切忌心态浮躁,要身心收敛,循序渐进。陈法的读书观念,对于矫正当今教育出现的种种弊窦,不无启示意义。

  13. Writing Beyond the Wall: Translation, Cross-cultural Exchange, and Chen Ran's 'A Private Life'

    Kay Schaffer


    Full Text Available The past decade has witnessed an unprecedented rise in the global flow of knowledge, nowhere more apparent in the exchange of ideas between China and modern western democracies. Our interest concerns one aspect of this global flow— the translation of Chinese women’s autobiographical writing into English. Taking Chen Ran’s A Private Life (English edition, 2004 as a point of departure, the paper explores issues of translingual practice and cross-cultural exchange. It considers what escapes or is lost in translation as well as the additive potential of the host text. It is sometimes the case that the translation can deliberately make certain ambiguities visible—whether from pragmatic, market-driven motivations or from more complex political, historical and cultural considerations. These negotiations of meaning that occur in the translation process can reverberate on the critical reception of texts in both the ‘guest’ and ‘host’ languages (Liu 1995, with open-ended, incomplete and indeterminate effects. The paper examines the effects of the omission of a brief parenthetical section of three paragraphs from one chapter of the Chinese edition of A Private Life. Yet, even that small emendation changes the original text as a cultural object and alters potential modes of its reception. In this case, the translation results in a loss of ambiguity, irony, philosophic and rhetorical sophistication while also offering additive potentials that enhance the generation of new meanings in the translingual exchange, here with reference Tiananmen and contemporary feminism in China. The translation process provides new channels for readers, writers and theorists to dialogue and communicate across gaps of difference, despite inhibiting factors like the imposition of local restraints, the universalising pressures of western modernity, and asymmetrical relations of power between guest and host language contexts.

  14. The spatial and temporal expression of Ch-en, the engrailed gene in the polychaete Chaetopterus, does not support a role in body axis segmentation

    Seaver, E. C.; Paulson, D. A.; Irvine, S. Q.; Martindale, M. Q.


    We are interested in understanding whether the annelids and arthropods shared a common segmented ancestor and have approached this question by characterizing the expression pattern of the segment polarity gene engrailed (en) in a basal annelid, the polychaete Chaetopterus. We have isolated an en gene, Ch-en, from a Chaetopterus cDNA library. Genomic Southern blotting suggests that this is the only en class gene in this animal. The predicted protein sequence of the 1.2-kb cDNA clone contains all five domains characteristic of en proteins in other taxa, including the en class homeobox. Whole-mount in situ hybridization reveals that Ch-en is expressed throughout larval life in a complex spatial and temporal pattern. The Ch-en transcript is initially detected in a small number of neurons associated with the apical organ and in the posterior portion of the prototrochophore. At later stages, Ch-en is expressed in distinct patterns in the three segmented body regions (A, B, and C) of Chaetopterus. In all segments, Ch-en is expressed in a small set of segmentally iterated cells in the CNS. In the A region, Ch-en is also expressed in a small group of mesodermal cells at the base of the chaetal sacs. In the B region, Ch-en is initially expressed broadly in the mesoderm that then resolves into one band/segment coincident with morphological segmentation. The mesodermal expression in the B region is located in the anterior region of each segment, as defined by the position of ganglia in the ventral nerve cord, and is involved in the morphogenesis of segment-specific feeding structures late in larval life. We observe banded mesodermal and ectodermal staining in an anterior-posterior sequence in the C region. We do not observe a segment polarity pattern of expression of Ch-en in the ectoderm, as is observed in arthropods. Copyright 2001 Academic Press.

  15. Traditional uses, botany, phytochemistry, pharmacology and toxicology of Panax notoginseng (Burk.) F.H. Chen: A review.

    Wang, Ting; Guo, Rixin; Zhou, Guohong; Zhou, Xidan; Kou, Zhenzhen; Sui, Feng; Li, Chun; Tang, Liying; Wang, Zhuju


    Panax notoginseng (Burk.) F.H. Chen is a widely used traditional Chinese medicine known as Sanqi or Tianqi in China. This plant, which is distributed primarily in the southwest of China, has wide-ranging pharmacological effects and can be used to treat cardiovascular diseases, pain, inflammation and trauma as well as internal and external bleeding due to injury. This paper provides up-to-date information on investigations of this plant, including its botany, ethnopharmacology, phytochemistry, pharmacology and toxicology. The possible uses and perspectives for future investigation of this plant are also discussed. The relevant information on Panax notoginseng (Burk.) F.H. Chen was collected from numerous resources, including classic books about Chinese herbal medicine, and scientific databases, including Pubmed, SciFinder, ACS, Ebsco, Elsevier, Taylor, Wiley and CNKI. More than 200 chemical compounds have been isolated from Panax notoginseng (Burk.) F.H. Chen, including saponins, flavonoids and cyclopeptides. The plant has pharmacological effects on the cardiovascular system, immune system as well as anti-inflammatory, anti-atherosclerotic, haemostatic and anti-tumour activities, etc. Panax notoginseng is a valuable traditional Chinese medical herb with multiple pharmacological effects. This review summarizes the botany, ethnopharmacology, phytochemistry, pharmacology and toxicology of P. notoginseng, and presents the constituents and their corresponding chemical structures found in P. notoginseng comprehensively for the first time. Future research into its phytochemistry of bio-active components should be performed by using bioactivity-guided isolation strategies. Further work on elucidation of the structure-function relationship among saponins, understanding of multi-target network pharmacology of P. notoginseng, as well as developing its new clinical usage and comprehensive utilize will enhance the therapeutic potentials of P. notoginseng. Copyright © 2016

  16. Equity Valuation and Accounting Numbers: Applying Zhang (2000 and Zhang and Chen (2007 models to Brazilian Market

    Fernando Caio Galdi


    Full Text Available This paper investigates how accounting variables explain cross-sectional stocks returns in Brazilian capital markets. The analysis is based on Zhang (2000 and Zhang and Chen (2007 models. These models predict that stock returns are a function of net income, change in profitability, invested capital, changes in opportunity growths and discount rate. Generally, the empirical results for the Brazilian capital market are consistent with the theoretical relations that models describe, similarly to the results found in the US. Using different empirical tests (pooled regressions, Fama-Macbeth and panel data the results and coefficients remain similar, what support the robustness of our findings.

  17. Feasibility and effectiveness of a Chen-style Tai Chi programme for stress reduction in junior secondary school students.

    Lee, Linda Y K; Chong, Yeuk Lan; Li, Ngai Yin; Li, Man Chung; Lin, Lai Na; Wong, Lee Yi; Wong, Brian Kit; Yip, Wing Ping; Hon, Cho Hang; Chung, Pui Kuen; Man, Shuk Yee


    Stress is common in junior secondary school students (JSSS). This study aimed to determine the feasibility and effectiveness of a Chen-style Tai Chi programme for stress reduction in JSSS. A non-equivalent pre-test/post-test control group design was adopted, and a convenience sample of 69 JSSS was recruited. The experimental group (n = 32) joined a Chen-style Tai Chi programme, which included 10 sessions of 80-minute Tai Chi training (one session per week). The control group (n = 37) proceeded with self-study. Participants' stress levels were assessed using the Perceived Stress Scale. Feasibility was determined as the percentage of participants completing and attending the programme. Effectiveness was measured as the significant difference in changes in stress levels before and after the intervention between the two groups. Results preliminarily supported that the programme was feasible for JSSS. Completion rate was 100%, and attendance rate was 90%. However, no significant difference was noted in changes in stress levels before and after the intervention between the two groups. The potential health benefits of Tai Chi could not be detected owing to the restrictions imposed by the research setting and study limitations. The present study represents initial efforts in this direction and serves as reference for future study. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  18. The Cognition on Vertigo of CHEN Xiu-yuan%论陈修园对眩晕的认识



    The article mainly discuss the cognition of famous Qing dynasty doctor CHEN Xiu-yuan on pathological mechanism, diagnosis and therapy of vertigo. It think that CHEN Xiu-yuan pointed out that the core pathological mechanism of vertigo is on reversed flow of Qi of JiuYin; It must attach important to pulse diagnosis and had better select and use famous prescriptions.AH that afford a good reference to afterword.%文章主要探讨清代医家陈修园对于眩晕病机、诊疗等方面的认识.分析认为陈修园提出了眩晕的病机核心在于厥阴气逆,在诊法上重视脉诊,提纲挈领,辨证清晰,治疗上则多选名方加减,为后世治疗眩晕提供了很好的借鉴.

  19. The Textual Research On Chen Shan of Tongren%铜仁进士陈珊事略考

    赵广升; 马丽


    Chen Shan,a successful candidate in the highest imperial examinations of Tongren in the the Ming Dynasty, was a lower official for ten years because of disobedience to the Premier Yan Song and was dismissed from office by an imperial censors who had impeached him greedy shop, therefore he was despised by many scholars.Chen shan’s words and behavior was respected by others and he was a model for scholars whether in his high moral deeds or speeches. And he was also a very crazy person at that time. We took the example of this to the modern society in order to train the ecological official place nowadays and it has great significance today.We can cultivate our fresh air for being an official.%明代铜仁进士陈珊,因忤逆首辅严嵩,官龃龉不达;后言官又弹劾他贪肆不职,遭免职闲住,颇为士论所遗。今据墓志铭等相关资料,勾稽其生平仕宦、乡居事迹,还其真相。陈珊节操言论堪为士表,乃一代狂狷之士。借古鉴今,对今天培育风清气正的官场生态,具有一定的意义。

  20. Philosophy of Chen & Zhan Mind---Key School of Mind Studies in Ming Dynasty%陈湛心学--明代心学之重要流派



    Chen & Zhan Mind, represented by Chen Baisha and his student Zhan Ganquan, standing along with Yangming Mind, has been key school of Mind studies in Ming dynasty. Modern transformation of Chen & Zhan mind, is the urgent study topic in Lingnan culture and has theoretical and practical value and meaning.%以陈白沙及其弟子湛甘泉为代表的陈湛心学,与阳明心学一样,是明代心学的重要流派。陈湛心学的现代转换,是岭南文化迫切需要研究的课题,具有理论与实践的价值和意义。

  1. An application of Chen system for secure chaotic communication based on extended Kalman filter and multi-shift cipher algorithm

    Fallahi, Kia; Raoufi, Reza; Khoshbin, Hossein


    In recent years chaotic secure communication and chaos synchronization have received ever increasing attention. In this paper a chaotic communication method using extended Kalman filter is presented. The chaotic synchronization is implemented by EKF design in the presence of channel additive noise and processing noise. Encoding chaotic communication is used to achieve a satisfactory, typical secure communication scheme. In the proposed system, a multi-shift cipher algorithm is also used to enhance the security and the key cipher is chosen as one of the chaos states. The key estimate is employed to recover the primary data. To illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed scheme, a numerical example based on Chen dynamical system is presented and the results are compared to two other chaotic systems.

  2. Prof. CHEN Ke-ji Winning the Prize of "Ren Ji Cup" for International Contribution to Chinese Medicine by WFCMS


    @@ In order to promote the exchange and cooperation of Chinese medicine among the states and regions globally and fasten the step of Chinese medicine to the world, the World Federation of Chinese Medicine Societies (WFCMS) has set up an award for those who have greatly contributed to medical treatment, education, scientific research of Chinese medicine, and the establishment of the statutory registration of Chinese medicine. The First International Contribution to Chinese Medicine Award Ceremony was held on April 10 at the Great Hall of the People in China. Prof. CHEN Ke-ji (China), Lin Tzi Chang (Australia) and David Molony (U.S.A) were awarded "Ren Ji Cup", the Prize for International Contribution to Chinese Medicine.

  3. CHEN Xujing’ s Research on Culturology%陈序经关于“文化学”的探讨



    陈序经先生是中国著名的社会学家,在其著作《文化学概论》中,对伦理、宗教、政治、经济四种文化观进行阐述与评价,并指出文化的地理、生物、心理和社会的基础,进而阐发文化的意义、性质、重心、成分及其关系等核心命题,构建了其特有的现代文化学体系。这部作品使人们对文化和文化学有了更多的了解,从而深知文化对于一个个体、民族、国家的重要性。%CHEN Xujing is a well-known Chinese sociologist .In his book “An Introduc-tion to Culturology”,Mr.CHEN interprets and evaluates four culture perspectives:ethic,reli-gion,politics,and economy,and points out the geographical ,biological,psychological,and social foundation of culture .The core issues,such as the significance ,nature,focus,and components of culture,are discussed to construct a system of modern culturology .With this work,we may understand and know culture and culturology more and have a better understanding of the sig -nificance of culture to individuals ,nation,and state .

  4. Increase Under standing , Deepen Friendship and Promote Cooperation——Report on CPPCC Vice-Chairman Chen Zongxing's Visit to Italy, Malta, Cyprus and Israel


    正At the invitation of the parliaments of Italy, Malta, and Cyprus and the Organizing Committee of the Fourth Presidents' Meeting of Israel, Chen Italy: China-Italy relations are developing smoothly. Cultural exchanges are at the best time ever.

  5. The Research and Statement of the Versions of Chen Bu-lei Biography%陈布雷传记版本考述

    鞠北平; 郭学勤


    At present there are several versions of the Biography of Chen Bu-lei. The emergence of these different versions raises interest in Chen Bu-lei, and enhance the understanding of this historical figures. However, the publication of biographies of historical conditions are subject to certain conditions and the impact of the information, which will result in the current biography of Chen Bu-lei all the failings exist. So far, the real value of academic biography of Chen mine did not appear.%当前出现了多种版本的陈布雷传记,这些不同版本传记的出现引起了人们对陈布雷的兴趣,增强了对这位历史人物的了解。传记的出版受到一定的历史条件与资料条件影响,目前陈布雷传记不尽人意,真正有学术价值的陈布雷传记并未出现。

  6. Comment on "current separation and upwelling over the southeast shelf of Vietnam in the South China Sea" by Chen et al

    Dippner, Joachim W.; Bombar, Deniz; Loick-Wilde, Natalie;


    In a recent paper, Chen et al. (2012) showed that the offshore current in front of the Vietnamese upwelling area in the South China Sea (SCS) is caused by an encounter of southward buoyancy-driven coastal current and tidal rectified currents from the southwest. These findings seem not in agreemen...

  7. Occurrence of Tibetan Migratory Locust: Locusta migratoria tibetensis Chen%西藏飞蝗发生规律的分析

    牙森·沙力; 高松; 学加热; 涂雄兵; 彭仕鼎; 薛志平; 张泽华


    In order to clarify the occurrence of Locusta migratoria tibetensis Chen in Jin Sha Jiang River Valley, we analyzed the life history and population dynamics of L. m. tibetensis Chen based on field data in 2007. Result showed that L. m. tibetensis Chen has one generation per year. Its eggs began hatching in mid-late of April with emergence as adults in mid July starting oviposition in mid August. Swarm of gregarious individuals in plot 1, plot 2 and plot 3, had large population density, then gradually decreased from end of June to first week of July. The population has small density in Plot 4. Growth and dynamics of L.m. tibetensis Chen have different characteristics in different habitat.%为阐明金沙江流域蝗区两藏飞蝗(Locusta migratoria tibetensis Chen)发生规律,2007年夏季依据不同植物群落中西藏飞蝗年生活史和种群动态数据分析其发生规律.结果表明:西藏飞蝗在金沙江流域一年发生一代,4月中下旬开始孵化,7月上中旬开始羽化为成虫,8月中旬起进入产卵期.在样地1、样地2和样地3内西藏飞蝗以群居型个体为主,前期虫口密度高,到6月下旬至7月上旬逐渐降低;在样地4内虫口密度低,以散居型个体为主.生境对两藏飞蝗生长发育和消长动态有一定的影响.

  8. Screening for Internet Addiction: An Empirical Study on Cut-off Points for the Chen Internet Addiction Scale

    Chih-Hung Ko


    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to establish the optimal cut-off points of the Chen Internet Addiction Scale (CIAS, to screen for and diagnose Internet addiction among adolescents in the community by using the well- established diagnostic criteria of Internet addiction. This survey of 454 adolescents used screening (57/58 and diagnostic (63/64 cut-off points of the CIAS, a self-reported instrument, based on the results of systematic diagnostic interviews by psychiatrists. The area under the curve of the receiver operating characteristic curve revealed that CIAS has good diagnostic accuracy (89.6%. The screening cut-off point had high sensitivity (85.6% and the diagnostic cut-off point had the highest diagnostic accuracy, classifying 87.6% of participants correctly. Accordingly, the screening point of the CIAS could provide a screening function in two-stage diagnosis, and the diagnostic point could serve as a diagnostic criterion in one-stage massive epidemiologic research.

  9. Analysis of Chen Xiuyuan's Differential Treatment of Puerperal Disorders%陈修园辨治产后病探析



    This article summarizes Chen Xiuyuan's differential therapy for puerperal disorder. In response to the physiological and pathological characteristics of puer-peral disorders, the author advanced many points in treating the disease, including that the asthenia and sthenia of puerperal alternate chill and fever or postpartum lochia should be discriminated clearly, paying attention to spleen-stomach, removing blood stasis first, applying warm and supplement therapy simultaneously and purgative therapy shouldn't be applied to postpartum constipation ,etc.%总结陈修园关于产后疾病的辨治方法 ,针对产后生理、病理特性,提出对产后寒热、恶露等症,需明辨虚实、真假;治疗产后病证注重脾胃,以祛瘀为先,温补相兼,以及产后便秘不宜轻下等诸多临证要旨和观点.

  10. Comment on “Chen et al., Fabrication and photovoltaic conversion enhancement…”, Electrochimica Acta, 2014

    Valentic, Lara; Gorji, Nima E.


    In a recent article, Chen et al. [Electrochimica Acta, 2014, 130: 279] presented their fabrication and characterization results on a graphene/n-Si solar cell where the Au nanoparticles were inserted in graphene to increase its optical and electrical properties. The higher efficiency of the device was attributed to increased conductivity of graphene after doping with Au nanoparticles. However, the knowledge in the field of Schottky diode solar cells relates this to increased band bending at the junction. Also, to explain the instability behaviour, they concluded that the growth of silicon oxide on the Si surface or oxygen adsorption on the window layer resulted in the device performance increasing initially and decreasing in the end. However, this instability seems to be due to variation in series resistance reduced at the beginning because of slightly lowered Fermi level and increased at the end by the self-compensation by deep in-diffusion of Au nanoparticles into n-Si layer. We also propose that inserting a very thin p-type layer at the junction will enhance the carrier collection and performance of this device.

  11. Plasma biochemistry values in emperor geese (Chen canagica) in Alaska: comparisons among age, sex, incubation, and molt.

    Franson, J. Christian; Hoffman, D.J.; Schmutz, J.A.


    Reduced populations of emperor geese (Chen canagica), a Bering Sea endemic, provided the need to assess plasma biochemistry values as indicators of population health. A precursory step to such an investigation was to evaluate patterns of variability in plasma biochemistry values among age, sex, and reproductive period. Plasma from 63 emperor geese was collected on their breeding grounds on the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta in western Alaska, USA. The geese sampled included 18 incubating adult females captured, in mid June, on their nests by using bow nets, and 30 adults and 15 goslings captured in corral traps in late July and early August, when the adults were molting their wing feathers and the goslings were 5-6 weeks old. Plasma was evaluated for 15 biochemical parameters, by comparing results among age, sex, and sampling period (incubation versus wing-feather molt). Ten of the 15 biochemical parameters assayed differed among adults during incubation, the adults during molt, and the goslings at molt, whereas sex differences were noted in few parameters.

  12. Late-time evolution of cosmological models with fluids obeying a Shan-Chen-like equation of state

    Bini, Donato; Geralico, Andrea


    Classical as well as quantum features of the late-time evolution of cosmological models with fluids obeying a Shan-Chen-like equation of state are studied. The latter is of the type $p=w_{\\rm eff}(\\rho)\\,\\rho$, and has been used in previous works to describe, e.g., a possible scenario for the growth of the dark-energy content of the present Universe. At the classical level the fluid dynamics in a spatially flat Friedmann-Robertson-Walker background implies the existence of two possible equilibrium solutions depending on the model parameters, associated with (asymptotic) finite pressure and energy density. We show that no future cosmological singularity is developed during the evolution for this specific model. The corresponding quantum effects in the late-time behavior of the system are also investigated within the framework of quantum geometrodynamics, i.e., by solving the (minisuperspace) Wheeler-DeWitt equation in the Born-Oppenheimer approximation, constructing wave-packets and analyzing their behavior.

  13. Plasma biochemistry values in emperor geese (Chen canagica) in Alaska: comparisons among age, sex, incubation, and molt.

    Franson, J Christian; Hoffman, David J; Schmutz, Joel A


    Reduced populations of emperor geese (Chen canagica), a Bering Sea endemic, provided the need to assess plasma biochemistry values as indicators of population health. A precursory step to such an investigation was to evaluate patterns of variability in plasma biochemistry values among age, sex, and reproductive period. Plasma from 63 emperor geese was collected on their breeding grounds on the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta in western Alaska, USA. The geese sampled included 18 incubating adult females captured, in mid June, on their nests by using bow nets, and 30 adults and 15 goslings captured in corral traps in late July and early August, when the adults were molting their wing feathers and the goslings were 5-6 weeks old. Plasma was evaluated for 15 biochemical parameters, by comparing results among age, sex, and sampling period (incubation versus wing-feather molt). Ten of the 15 biochemical parameters assayed differed among adults during incubation, the adults during molt, and the goslings at molt, whereas sex differences were noted in few parameters.

  14. Le fictif et le réel dans L’Empereur et l’assassin de Chen Kaige

    Xiaomin Giafferri


    Full Text Available Comme tout texte historique littéraire refait l’Histoire en la manipulant, le récit filmique est doublement mensongère du fait de sa double représentation : le décor et les acteurs représentent une situation qui est la fiction, et le film lui-même représente sous forme d’images juxtaposées cette première représentation. Sans vouloir faire la part du réel et de l’imaginaire, le présent travail tente de montrer comment, dans le film L’empereur et l’assassin de Chen Kaige, l’illusion de l’authenticité s’établit à travers les mécanismes de la fictionnalisation de l’Histoire. L’observation de leur manifestation est amenée à considérer deux axes principaux : l’organisation du récit et la mise en scène des personnages.

  15. Activation energy and R. Chen frequency factor in the Randall and Wilkins original equation for second order kinetics. Emission curve simulated in Microsoft Excel algebra; Energia de activacion y factor de frecuencia de R. Chen en la ecuacion original de Randall y Wilkins para cinetica de segundo orden. Curva de emision simulada en algebra de Microsoft Excel

    Moreno M, A. [Departamento de Apoyo en Ciencias Aplicadas, Benemerita Universidad Autonoma de Puebla, 4 Sur 104, Centro Historico, 72000 Puebla (Mexico); Moreno B, A


    In this work the incorporation of activation energy and frequency factor parameters proposed by R. Chen are presented in the original formulation of Randall and wilkins second order kinetics. The results concordance are compared between the calculus following the R. Chen methodology with those ones obtained by direct incorporation of the previously indicated in the Randall-Wilkins-Levy expression for a simulated thermoluminescent emission curve of two peaks with maximum peak temperature (tm): t m1=120 and t m2=190. (Author)

  16. Interaction between traditional Chinese medicine and western medicine in rats——In-Chen-How and acetaminophen%中西药相互作用研究:茵陈蒿与对乙酰氨基酚

    陈丽芳; 刘文德; 林双金; 梁永昌; 王慧瑜


    The purpose of this study is to evaluate the interaction effects of In-Chen-How (Artemisia capillaries Thunb.) on the pharmacokinetics of acetaminophen and on liver microsomal cytochrome P450 enzyme activity in rats. The rats were divided into control group (n=8) without In-Chen-How and the pretreated group (n=8) administered with In-Chen-How (approximately 1.0 mL·kg-1, according to weight) for 5 consecutive days. Rats in the control group received water simultaneously. Each rat was then given acetaminophen. The pharmacokinetic parameters of acetaminophen of the two groups were significantly different. In the In-Chen-How pretreated group, the maximum concentration of acetaminophen and the area under the plasma concentration-time curve were reduced about 58.4%, 56.7% and 55.4%. To further explain the results, liver microsomal suspensions were obtained from rats that were randomly divided into control and In-Chen-How pretreated group. The levels of CYP1A2 and CYP2E1 in hepatic microsomal protein from pretreated group were increased as compared to that from the control group. It indicated that In-Chen-How can stimulate the activity of CYP isozymes. The changes in the pharmacokinetics of acetaminophen resulting from the administration of In-Chen-How are related to an increase in metabolic activity of CYP1A2 and CYP2E1.

  17. Redescription of Trypanosoma ophiocephali Chen 1964 (Kinetoplastida: Trypanosomatina: Trypanosomatidae) and first record from the blood of dark sleeper (Odontobutis obscura Temminck and Schlegel) in China.

    Gu, Zemao; Wang, Jianguo; Zhang, Jinyong; Gong, Xiaoning


    During the parasite fauna investigation within 2004 and 2005, the freshwater fish trypanosomes were isolated from the blood of dark sleeper (Odontobutis obscura Temminck and Schlegel) and snakehead fish (Ophiocephalus argus Cantor) from Niushan Lake, Hubei Province, China. Blood trypomastigotes were used for light microscopy investigations. The detailed descriptions of three morphological groups of the genus Trypanosoma: Trypanosoma sp. I and Trypanosoma sp. II found in blood of O. obscura, and Trypanosoma sp. III found in blood of O. argus were provided. Morphological features and host species show Trypanosoma sp. III belong to Trypanosoma ophiocephali Chen 1964, an incompletely described species. Infection with trypanosomes of O. obscura was recorded for the first time. According to the size and appearance, the trypanosomes in O. obscura were also tentatively identified as T. ophiocephali Chen 1964.


    王书永; 葛斯琴; 崔俊芝; 李文柱; 杨星科


    记述叶甲科跳甲亚科九行跳甲属Lpromela Chen及1新种.新种产自中国海南省吊罗山.该属系Chen于1933年建立,模式种为L.costata Chen,产自日本.该属此前已知4种,L.okinawana Chujo及L.mi砌nutissima(Pic)等2种分布于日本,L.formosana Ohno记录于中国台湾,L.bupipennis Chen et Wang 记录于中国广西,连同本文一新种L.decemaculata Wang et Ge,sp.nov.本属迄今已知5种.其分布区限于亚洲东南部,其生物学尚属未知.

  19. 陈云与三年困难时期的救灾工作%Chen Yun and the Relief Work in the Period of Three Difficult Years

    尚长风; 刘春


    由于政策失误以及自然灾害等原因,1959年—1961年(三年困难时期),我国发生严重灾荒。1958年,陈云因为领导"反冒进",曾受到严厉批判,处境艰难。在灾荒早期,陈云就出现的问题,采取力所能及的措施,力求把损失降低到最低限度。当灾荒全面暴露以后,陈云把缓解灾情、安排好人民生活作为自己在这一时期的主要工作。为此,陈云提出了一系列救灾措施。主要有:紧急进口粮食、精简城镇人口、救济城镇人口、调整党的农村政策等。%As a result of policy failures and natural disasters,severe famine occurred in China from 1959 to 1961,i.e.,the Period of Three Difficult Years.Severely criticized,Chen Yun got into extreme difficulty in 1958,resulted from his leading role in the Opposing-Rash-Advance issue.In the early phase of the famine,Chen Yun strived to reduce the loss to the minimal level by expending best efforts.When the famine had widely spread out of control,Chen Yun focused his responsibility on the famine relief and maintenance of people's livelihood.For this purpose,Chen Yun put forward a series of relief measures,including emergency food importation,streamlining urban population,relieving urban residents,and adjusting the Party's rural policy, etc.

  20. La scission et le développement dans la tradition de l ’écriture féminine de Chen Ran

    LI Yueguang fr


    Le roman de Chen Ran陈染Siren shenghuo 私人生活 (La vie privée) constitue la vie d'une jeune femme, Ni Ni-uniu, qui vivait dans une métropole chinoise dans une époque de grands changements. Chen Ran a dévoilé la propre expérience de sa vie intime pour concrétiser son image de soi et d’autrui, son style de narration de la vie avec sa volonté et sa logique, pour établir les paroles féminines.   Chen Ran est une écrivaine singulière et importante dans la littérature contemporaine, elle nous a fourni une ressource spiri-tuelle riche pour le développement de la littérature féminine du XXe siècle par ses nombreuses écritures d’exploration des expéri-ences psychologiques spécifiques, féminines, qui représentent le modernisme.   Pendant ces dernières années, son œuvre s’est orientée de plus en plus vers le psychologique et le philosophique en ex-plorant la solitude, l'amour sexuel et la vie humaine. Chen Ran exprime la solitude et la tristesse des personnages par son écriture parfaite qui rend toute la beauté de la tristesse profonde. La trist-esse qu’elle a exprimée n’est pas de simples expériences ou émo-tions personnelles, mais de la recherche et de l’interrogation pro-fonde vers l’identité du « je » et de l’« autre ».

  1. Separable quantum states do not have stronger correlations than local realism A comment on quant-ph/0611126 of Z. Chen

    Seevinck, M


    Chen (quant-ph/0611126) has recently claimed ``exponential violation of local realism by separable states", in the sense that multi-partite separable quantum states are supposed to give rise to correlations and fluctuations that violate a Bell-type inequality that Chen takes to be satisfied by local realism. However, this can not be true since all predictions (including all correlations and fluctuations) that separable quantum states give rise to have a local realistic description and thus satisfy all Bell-type inequalities, and this holds for all number of parties. Since Chen claims otherwise by presenting a new inequality, claimed to be a Bell-type one, which separable states supposedly can violate, there must be a flaw in the argumentation. I will expose this flaw, not merely for clarification of this issue, but perhaps even more importantly since it re-teaches us an old lesson John Bell taught us over 40 years ago. I will argue that this lesson provides us with a new morale especially relevant to modern r...

  2. 陈寅恪的中古文化情结%Chen Yinke's Cultural Complex of Medieval Times



    陈寅恪拳拳服膺中华文化传统,毅然以发扬中国文化为职志,接续学脉而不懈奉献,藉以中古文史研究,振兴传统文化,唤起国人对民族文化传统的关注,彰显了文化救国的巨大能量。陈寅恪贴近文化生态,就宗教和语言切入,由点及面,挖掘中古文化的现代质素。他的中古文化书写开一代学术风气,拓宽了民国文人重新体认历史、感悟传统的文化途径。他坚持独立精神和自由思想,不受世务干扰,为民国文化重建提供一个重要向度,推动了民国学术的现代转型。%Chen Yinke was committed to Chinese cultural tradition, and decided to spread and promote Chinese culture as his responsibility resolutely. He studied medieval literature and history, in order to promote the traditional culture, aroused people's attention to national culture, which demonstrated his persistent commitment and enormous energy of saving the nation. He kept close to the ecological culture, excavated the medieval culture of modern quality from different perspectives. His writing on ancient culture started new academic atmosphere, which expanded the literati's knowledge and experience of Chinese history and tradition. He was committed to the spirit of independence and freedom of thoughts, which provided an important direction for the cultural reconstruction and promoted modern academic transformation.

  3. On CHEN Ziang’s Frontier Fortress Poems%论陈子昂的边塞诗



    CHEN Ziang’s frontier fortress poems,in terms of the thought content,express the lofty aspirations and great ideals of going to the frontier and resisting the enemy,rendering meritorious service and dedicating himself to the service of his country.What’s more,the poems express the grief and indignation of his lofty aspirations unrealized,tell the political stand of strengthening frontier defence and opposing war like,describe the magnificent and wild frontier fortress scene. In art, these poems have solemn and stirring sentimentalism and spectacularity.The thread of ideas in writing sweeps through the length and breadth of the poem and the use of language are strong, simple and unadorned. They play an important place in the frontier fortress poems of the Tang Dynasty.%陈子昂的边塞诗,在思想内容上,表达赴边御敌、立功报国的雄心壮志,抒发怀才不遇、壮志难酬的悲苦忧愤,诉说加强边防、反对黩武的政治主张,描写雄伟壮观、荒凉苦寒的边塞风光;在艺术创作上,情调慷慨悲壮,气象苍凉雄浑,诗思纵横驰骋,语言刚健质朴,在唐朝边塞诗中占有重要地位。

  4. Yin-Chen-Hao Tang Attenuates Severe Acute Pancreatitis in Rat: An Experimental Verification of In silico Network Target Prediction

    Xiang, Hong; Wang, Guijun; Qu, Jialin; Xia, Shilin; Tao, Xufeng; Qi, Bing; Zhang, Qingkai; Shang, Dong


    Yin-Chen-Hao Tang (YCHT) is a classical Chinese medicine compound that has a long history of clinical use in China for the treatment of inflammatory diseases. However, the efficacy and mechanisms of YCHT for the treatment of severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) are not known. The current study investigated the pharmacological properties of YCHT against SAP and its underlying mechanisms. A computational prediction of potential targets of YCHT was initially established based on a network pharmacology simulation. The model suggested that YCHT attenuated SAP progress by apoptosis inducement, anti-inflammation, anti-oxidation and blood lipid regulation. These effects were validated in SAP rats. YCHT administration produced the following results: (1) significantly inhibited the secretion of pancreatic enzymes and protected pancreatic tissue; (2) obviously increased the number of in situ terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL)-positive cells and induced apoptosis; (3) markedly inhibited neutrophil infiltration to the impaired pancreas and reduced the inflammatory reaction; (4) notably enhanced the activities of antioxidant enzymes and decreased the nitric oxide synthase levels; (5) significantly reduced the levels of triglycerides, total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein and increased high-density lipoprotein; and (6) significantly up-regulated peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPARγ) and down-regulated nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB). In summary, these results demonstrated that YCHT attenuated SAP progress by inducing apoptosis, repressing inflammation, alleviating oxidative stress and regulating lipid metabolism partially via regulation of the NF-κB/PPARγ signal pathway. PMID:27790147

  5. Festparolado de Chen Yuan


    Estas granda fojo por mi gratuli la oran jubileon de "E1 Popola Cinio". Permesu al mi paroli unue Esperante kaj poste nacilingve por esprimi miajn korajn bondezirojn al la gastoj, venintaj de malproksime por festi kune kun ni la jubileon. Cetere, mi faras tion por montri al la publiko, ke la artefarita lingvo Esperanto estas la plej efika komunikilo, gi povas esprimi cian penson kaj cian senton de la homa socio.

  6. 6 June 2012 - Chinese Nanjing University President J.Chen in the ATLAS visitor centre with Member of the ATLAS Collaboration I. Wingerter and International Relations Office Adviser E. Tsesmelis. M. Qi, Nanjing University and ATLAS Collaboration, accompanies the delegation.

    Maximilien Brice


    6 June 2012 - Chinese Nanjing University President J.Chen in the ATLAS visitor centre with Member of the ATLAS Collaboration I. Wingerter and International Relations Office Adviser E. Tsesmelis. M. Qi, Nanjing University and ATLAS Collaboration, accompanies the delegation.

  7. Chinese Commission of Science Technology and Industry for National Defense Senior Vice Minister CHEN Qiufa exchanging gifts at luncheon and signing the Guest Book on 1st November 2007 with CERN Director-General R. Aymar.

    Maximilien Brice


    Chinese Commission of Science Technology and Industry for National Defense Senior Vice Minister CHEN Qiufa exchanging gifts at luncheon and signing the Guest Book on 1st November 2007 with CERN Director-General R. Aymar.

  8. 21 October 2008 - LHC Inauguration - IHEP Beijing representative Prof. Chen, People's Republic of China, welcomed by CERN Director-General R. Aymar, CERN Chief Scientific Officer J. Engelen and CERN Financial Officer S. Lettow.

    CERN Photo Service


    21 October 2008 - LHC Inauguration - IHEP Beijing representative Prof. Chen, People's Republic of China, welcomed by CERN Director-General R. Aymar, CERN Chief Scientific Officer J. Engelen and CERN Financial Officer S. Lettow.

  9. Chen Jingshen: My "Clipper Memories"%陈敬莘:我的“克利伯记忆”



    2005年,以青岛城市命名的“青岛号”大帆船首次加入克利伯环球帆船赛,开创了青岛借帆船运动走向世界的先河。青岛至今4度成为克利伯环球帆船赛分赛站,并与克利伯英方组委会续签2013/14、2015/16赛季青岛站,成为全球惟一克利伯环球帆船赛6届的停靠港。眼下,2013-2014克利伯环球帆船赛“青岛号”中国籍船员选拔活动经过激烈角逐,终于从中选出9名中国籍船员,他们将代表青岛登上克利伯“青岛号”参加2013-2014赛季的比赛。%In 2006, the 2005-2006 Clipper Round the World Yacht Race landed in China for the first time. Qingdao was the only port of call for the Clipper Race in China. In 2007, the "Qingdao", which was named after the city of Qingdao, pafticipatecl for the first ~me in the Clipper Round the World Yacht Race. Thus far, Qingdao has been chosen four times as a racing leg of the Clipper Round the World Yacht Race and has signed agreement with the Clipper British Organizing Committee for the 2013/14 and 2015/16 season. So Qingdao will become the only city in the world to provide harboring for the Clipper Race six times. Currently, the selection of the Chinese crew for the "Qingdao" yacht is in full swing. At this exciting moment, Chen ,Jingshen, who has served as Chairman of Qingdao Sports Associations and Assistant Chairman of the Olympic Sailing Committee, feels every excited. He recalled two days in Liverpool six year ago, which is the time that he will never forget all his life.

  10. VizieR Online Data Catalog: LAMOST survey of star clusters in M31. II. (Chen+, 2016)

    Chen, B.; Liu, X.; Xiang, M.; Yuan, H.; Huang, Y.; Shi, J.; Fan, Z.; Huo, Z.; Wang, C.; Ren, J.; Tian, Z.; Zhang, H.; Liu, G.; Cao, Z.; Zhang, Y.; Hou, Y.; Wang, Y.


    We select a sample of 306 massive star clusters observed with the Large Sky Area Multi-Object Fibre Spectroscopic Telescope (LAMOST) in the vicinity fields of M31 and M33. Massive clusters in our sample are all selected from the catalog presented in Paper I (Chen et al. 2015, Cat. J/other/RAA/15.1392), including five newly discovered clusters selected with the SDSS photometry, three newly confirmed, and 298 previously known clusters from Revised Bologna Catalogue (RBC; Galleti et al. 2012, Cat. V/143; Since then another two objects, B341 and B207, have also been observed with LAMOST, and they are included in the current analysis. The current sample does not include those listed in Paper I but is selected from Johnson et al. 2012 (Cat. J/ApJ/752/95) since most of them are young but not so massive. All objects are observed with LAMOST between 2011 September and 2014 June. Table1 lists the name, position, and radial velocity of all sample clusters analyzed in the current work. The LAMOST spectra cover the wavelength range 3700-9000Å at a resolving power of R~1800. Details about the observations and data reduction can be found in Paper I. The median signal-to-noise ratio (S/N) per pixel at 4750 and 7450Å of spectra of all clusters in the current sample are, respectively, 14 and 37. Essentially all spectra have S/N(4750Å)>5 except for the spectra of 18 clusters. The latter have S/N(7540Å)>10. Peacock et al. 2010 (Cat. J/MNRAS/402/803) retrieved images of M31 star clusters and candidates from the SDSS archive and extracted ugriz aperture photometric magnitudes from those objects using the SExtractor. They present a catalog containing homogeneous ugriz photometry of 572 star clusters and 373 candidates. Among them, 299 clusters are in our sample. (2 data files).

  11. A New Probe into Chen Duxiu' s Theory of "Second Revolution"%陈独秀的“二次革命论”再评价



    The theory of "second revolution" was put forward by Chen Duxiu with regard to the developmental stages of Chinese revolution and produced a positive effect at the beginning. However, Chen Duxiu lacked a dialectical understanding of Marxism and committed the error of mechanical materialism in the application of Marxist tenets for solving the practical problems in China, in which was rooted his theory of "second revolution. " It was correct for Chen Duxiu to advocate utilizing the positive aspect of capitalism for creating necessary material conditions for socialism but he was wrong to think that it was impossible for China to skip the developmental stage of capitalism.%“二次革命论”是陈独秀关于中国革命发展阶段的理论,这一理论在形成初期曾产生过积极作用。但是,陈独秀没有辩证地理解马克思主义,在运用马克思主义原理解决中国实际问题时犯了机械唯物论的错误,这是“二次革命论”产生的真正根源。陈独秀主张利用资本主义的积极作用,为社会主义创造必要的物质条件,这是值得肯定的,但他认为中国不能超越资本主义发展阶段则是错误的。

  12. The Thought of CHEN Xingju and Its Practice in Education and Enlightenment%陈星聚的教化思想及实践



    教化是我国传统官吏治理地方的基本措施。陈星聚曾长期担任地方官吏,注意对地方的教化是他治理各地的重要特点,长期亲身实践并形成了丰富的教化思想。陈星聚的教化思想及实践主要体现在发展教育、倡导德治、举办慈善、亲民为民和处理教案等方面。陈星聚的教化思想及实践构成了其治理地方的重要内容,也是影响其历史地位的重要因素。它有利于儒家文化在台湾的普及和深入,从而加强了台湾与大陆联系的紧密性,在当时的时代条件下,具有重要的历史意义。%Civilizing the local people was an important characteristic of CHEN Xingju when he was governing various regions .CHEN Xingju’ s thought and its practice are mainly embodies in developing education , advocating virtue , holding charity activities , loving people, working for people, processing civilizing cases and other aspect .CHEN Xingju’ s thought and its practice contribute the key content of his governance of various regions , and they are significant factors affecting his place in history .It is beneficial to the popular-ization and development of Confucian culture in Taiwan , thereby strengthening the ties between Taiwan and the mainland .Under the condition of that time , it has a great historical significance .

  13. Study on Chen Ruoxi’s Cultural Revolution Subject Novels%陈若曦文革题材小说研究



    陈若曦的文革题材小说取得了独特的成就。首先,表现在对文革生存经验的日常化呈现上,这样的叙述策略使得陈若曦的文革小说创作有效地摆脱了各式意识形态的形塑,取得了一种经验性叙述的特质;其次,表现在老人题材与传统道德主题的设定上。陈若曦文革小说中的老人形象所表现出的隐忍、宽容等传统道德规范成为在一个暴力充斥的年代里中华民族维系的最后希望所在;最后,表现在一种高度理性化的叙述模式上。陈若曦在其文革小说中坚持一种“知识分子反省”的写作立场,建构了一种高度理性化的叙述模式。%Chen Ruoxi’s Cultural Revolution subject novels made a unique achievement. First of all, it lies in daily presentation about the survival experience of the Cultural Revolution. This narrative strategy makes Chen Ruoxi’s Cultural Revolution novels effectively get rid of all kinds of ideology, and obtains the trait of experiential narration. Secondly, it lies in the setting of the old man subject and the traditional moral theme. The traditional moral norms such as tolerance and forbear the old man image of Chen Ruoxi’s Cultural Revolution subject novels showing become the last hope of the Chinese nation sustaining in a period of violence. Finally, it lies in a highly rational narrative mode. Chen Ruoxi insisted on a kind of “intellectual reflection”writing position in his cultural revolution novels, constructs a highly rational narrative model.

  14. Domestic Business Recruitment, Efficient in Selection and Services——Interview with Miss Chen Wei, Head of Domestic Business Recruitment Group


    @@ The management and services of participating companies is very important in the whole process of Partenariat, including in the phase of business recruitment. Within the 2-day Partenariat, around 5000 rounds of face to face exclusive business talks will be arranged between over 500 host companies and over 400 visiting companies, each round is only of 25 minutes. How can we help companies improve efficiency? The following is an interview between China's Foreign Trade and Miss Chen Wei, Head of Domestic Business Recruitment Group of the Partenariat Executive Commission.

  15. An Survey of the Hui Chen You's Family During the Ming Dynasty%明朝回回人陈友家族考述



    有明一代,涌现出一大批著名的回回军事家、政治家、外交家等等,他们对明朝的巩固与发展作出了巨大贡献和牺牲。"西域回回"陈友以出使起家,后因军功封为世爵,成为明朝回回人当中的标志性人物。对陈友个人及其家族成员的事迹考述,对研究明代回回人的历史活动以及历史作用有重要的价值。%During the Ming dynasty, there emerged many notable Hui militarists, politicians and diplomats who made a number of contributions at personal sacrifice in order to further the consolidation and development of the country. As a Serindia Hui, Chen You got his start from a career as a diplomat and was offered a marquis title on the basis of his military exploits. During the Ming Dynasty, he became an iconic figure amongst the Hui. Through this historical survey of Chen You and his family, we see the significant value he has with regard towards the histori- cal activity and influence of the Hui during the Ming dynasty.

  16. Paragonimus skrjabini Chen, 1959 (Digenea: Paragonimidae) and related species in eastern Asia: a combined molecular and morphological approach to identification and taxonomy.

    Blair, David; Chang, Zhengshan; Chen, Minggang; Cui, Aili; Wu, Bo; Agatsuma, Takeshi; Iwagami, Moritoshi; Corlis, David; Fu, Chengbin; Zhan, Ximei


    A molecular and morphometric investigation is reported on the species complex of mammalian lungflukes of which Paragonimus skrjabini Chen, 1959 and P. miyazakii Kamo, Nishida, Hatsushika & Tomimura, 1961 are the best-known examples. This species complex (here called the P. skrjabini complex) is shown to be monophyletic using DNA sequences from the nuclear ITS2 region and the mitochondrial cox1 gene. The latter marker permits the discrimination of populations, some previously named as distinct species, from various geographical locations in China and Japan. Morphometric analysis of a number of variables accords remarkably closely with the molecular results. Main findings are that (1) nominal P.skrjabini from Fujian Province in eastern China is phylogenetically very close to P. miyazakii from Japan. It is proposed that both taxa should be referred to the same subspecies as P. krjabini miyazakii. (2) Populations from Guangdong Province, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Sichuan and Hubei should be referred to P. skrjabini skrjabini. Specimens of P. skrjabini from the Yangtze basin in Sichuan and Hubei are remarkably similar to one another according to genetic and morphometric data, but are not so different from Guangdong populations that they should be referred to a different subspecies at this stage. Specimens of P. skrjabini from Yunnan have not been assigned to a subspecies at this stage. (3) Partly following earlier studies, we regard the following as synonyms of P. skrjabini: P. miyazakii (reduced to subspecific status); P. szechuanensis Chung & Tsao, 1962 (probably belongs to P. s. skrjabini); and P. hueitungensis Chung, Hsu, Ho, Kao, Shao, Chiu, Pi, Liu, Ouyang, Shen, Yi & Yao, 1975 (probably belongs to P.s.skrjabini ); P. veocularis (Chen & Li, 1979) (specimens from Fujian regarded as belonging to this species should be referred to P.skrjabini miyazakii: the subspecific status of specimens from the type-locality in northern Sichuan is unclear). A number of

  17. On CHEN Yun’s Thinking on the People’s Livelihood in Contemporary China%当代中国的陈云民生思想



    为民是陈云对民生问题认识的归宿,务实是陈云考虑民生的出发点。他提出无农不稳、无粮则乱,确保粮食安全战略;确保副食品供应和关心食品安全;坚决治理污染,保护生态,保证可持续发展;重视解决就业、力主计划生育;反对盲目提价,主张采取补救措施,以免影响人民生活;解决民生问题要有轻重缓急。以马克思主义的认识论与方法论指导工作,坚持从全局和长远观点看问题是陈云民生思想的特色。%For the people is the end result of CHEN Yun’s understanding of the issues of the Peo-ple’s Livelihood,and to deal with concrete matters related the people’s livelihood is the starting point CHEN Yun considers the People’s Livelihood. He puts forward the strategies:ensure the food security,for there is no stability without agriculture,and there will be chaos without food;ensure food supply and care about food security;resolutely govern pollution and protect the ecology,so as to en-sure sustainable development;pay attention to solving the employment,and advocate family planning;oppose to raising the price blindly and take remedial measures,so as not to affect people’s lives;solve the issues of the people’s livelihood according to order of priority. Guiding the work with Marx-ist epistemology and methodology,adhering to solving the issues from a global and long - term per-spective are the characteristics of CHEN Yun’s thinking on the People’s Livelihood.

  18. 陈炽《庸书》的吏治思想%Review of Thought of Government Officials’Supervision of Yongshu Written by Chen Chi



    In Yongshu,Chen Chi disclosed the corruption of government officials’and the evils of official circles in the late Qing Dynasty,requested to reform the system to choose officials and the merit system,raised suggestions to improve officials’salary treatment and to penalize the corruption of the official circles.He appealed to simplify the government organizations,to reduce redundant officials,to establish parliament,to elect local officials and increase administration efficiency.%陈炽在《庸书》中揭露了晚清吏治腐败与官场弊病,要求改革官员选任考核制度,提出了官员养廉与治理官场腐败的若干建议,主张精简政府机构,裁汰冗官,仿设议院,公举乡官,提高行政效率。

  19. Chen Yun' s Thought on the Progressiveness of CPC Members%论陈云的共产党员先进性思想



    Comrade Chen Yun is a great proletarian revolutionist and politician, an outstanding Marxist, and a long -tested extraordinary leader of the Party and the state. In his revolutionary career of over 70 years, Chen Yun made great attainment in both theory and practice in the progressiveness of CPC members, and raised a lot of meaningful thoughts. He thought that the progressiveness of CPC members was mainly embodied in working hard to arm their mind with scientific theory and master correct ideology and methodology;firmly setting up the communism ideal and faith and striving for it all the life ; always remembering the tenet of the Party to seek bene- fits for the people wholeheartedly;abiding by the discipline of the Party and passing on the good tradition of the Party. As one important component of Chen Yun' s theory of party building, these thoughts were the product of combining the party building theory of Marxism and Leninism with the CPC' s practice of party building, having greatly enriched and developed the membership construction thought of the party building theory of Maoism. Chen Yun' s thought on the progressiveness of CPC members has an important meaning of guidance for strength- ening the progressiveness construction, maintaining the progressiveness of CPC members, and keeping the Party' s purity under the new situation.%陈云同志是伟大的无产阶级革命家、政治家,杰出的马克思主义者,党和国家久经考验的卓越领导人。在70多年的革命生涯中,陈云同志对共产党员的先进性从理论到实践都有重大建树,提出了许多具有深远意义的思想。他认为,共产党员的先进性主要体现在:奋发学习,以科学理论武装头脑,把思想方法搞对头;牢固树立共产主义的理想信念,并终身为之奋斗;始终牢记党的宗旨,全心全意人民谋利益;严守党的纪律,自觉继承和发扬党的优良传统作风。这些思想是他党建思想理

  20. 论陈继儒游记散文之趣%On the Interest of Chen Jiru’s Travel Prose



    Chen Jiru travelled to many places in his life, which contributes a lot to his literary creation. His travel prose is interesting to read. It mainly presents in three aspects of interest: the free and casual interest, the speculative and mechanical interest, the elegant and leisure interest.%陈继儒一生游历之处较多,其文学创作也颇得江山之助。陈继儒的游记散文具有趣味性,这主要表现在三个方面,即自由随性的轻狂之趣、颇具思辨的机理之趣以及闲适雅化的隐逸之趣。

  1. 刘春霖《甲辰科状元策》探源%On Liu Chunlin’s Jia-Chen Ke Zhuang-Yuan Ce



    Lian-Chi Academy was very famous in Late-Qing Dynasty, whose teaching idea and studying atmosphere kept ahead in China. Being the last Zhuang-Yuan of China, Liu Chun-Lin was one of the top students of this academy. Liu’s thoughts, was put what is learned into practice and acting according to circumstances, embodied in his book, Jia-Chen Ke Zhuang-Yuan Ce, that is Volumes by the Topmost Master of the Jia-chen Year, provided a feasible reform idea for the rulers of Late-Qing Dynasty. His examination paper before the emperor reflected his understanding for the social realities and also the ability for resolving problems. His handwriting was also very famous, and was highly praised for his noble qualities.%莲池书院是我国晚清著名的书院,在教学理念和学风上领先于全国。最后一位状元刘春霖是该书院培养出来的高材生之一。他在《甲辰科状元策》中体现的经世致用、因时制宜的思想,为晚清的统治者提供了切实可行的改革思路。殿试卷内容体现了考生对现实的了解程度和解决实际问题的能力。其书法的艺术也名噪一时,高尚品质时人称赞。

  2. Issues Chen Yun Pondered on in his Later Years%陈云晚年对几个重要问题的探讨



    陈云晚年反复思考以下几个问题:一是加强党的自身建设,提出:“执政党的党风问题是有关党的生死存亡的问题”;二是倡导学习哲学,强调:学好哲学,终身受用;三是加强农业生产,提出:无农不稳,无粮则乱;四是保护环境,提出:保护环境是我国一项大的国策。我们重温陈云晚年思考的这几个问题,对于我们加强执政党建设,落实科学发展观,构建和谐社会,都有重要意义。%Chen Yun pondered on several issues in his later years. Firstly, as to the Party' s self - construction, he claimed that "the ruling Party' s conduct construction is a life - and - death matter". Secondly, he initiated philosophy study, emphasizing the life -long benefit of a good mastery of philosophy. Thirdly, he proposed to strengthen agricultural production, in his belief that "national stability is threatened without a sound agriculture, and shortage of grain entails a chaotic situation". His forth proposal concerns environmental protection, stating that "environmental protection is a basic national policy in our country". Nowadays, a revision of these issues pondered on by Chen Yun in his later years is still of great significance, to strengthen the ruling Party's construction, to carry out scientific development concept and to build a harmonious society.

  3. 陈伯吹主编《小朋友》的历史贡献%Chen Bochui' s Historical Contribution in Charge of Xiaopengyou



    The magazine Xiaopengyou, which stopped publishing for seven and a half years because of the aggression of Japanese, published again in Chongqing in April, 1 st, 1945. Chen Bochui was the third chief editor of this magazine. His hard word provided turmoil. When this magazine returned to Shanghai very worshipful mental nourishment for the children in the ,Chen Bochui called the colleagues in the field of literature and education together to discuss children literature creation and other problems. It is very meaningful creative development of children literature and the editing of children' s books after the foundation China. for the of new%因日寇侵略而休刊了七年半的《小朋友》杂志于1945年4月1日在我国战时首都重庆复刊。陈伯吹此时受任于危难之际,出任该杂志第三任主编。他的辛勤工作为战乱中的孩子提供了非常可贵的精神食粮。《小朋友》杂志迁回上海后,陈伯吹以《小朋友》主编身份召集文学界和教育界同人,探讨儿童文学创作和儿童读物应否描写阴暗面等问题,这被称为“伴随硝烟的思考”,对于新中国成立后儿童文学的创作发展以及儿童读物的编辑具有十分重大的意义。

  4. [Reiner Nürnberg, Ekkehard Höxtermann, Martina Voigt. Elisabeth Schiemann 1881-1972. Vom AußBruch der Genetik und der Frauen in den UmBrüchen des 20. Jahrhunderts] / Monika von Hirschheydt

    Hirschheydt, Monika von


    Arvustus: Nürnberg, Reiner, Höxtermann, Ekkehard, Voigt, Martina. Elisabeth Schiemann 1881-1972. Vom AußBruch der Genetik und der Frauen in den UmBrüchen des 20. Jahrhunderts. Beiträge eines Symposiums zum 200. Gründungsjubiläum der Humboldt-Universität Berlin. Rangsdorf: Basilisken-Presse 2014

  5. [Reiner Nürnberg, Ekkehard Höxtermann, Martina Voigt. Elisabeth Schiemann 1881-1972. Vom AußBruch der Genetik und der Frauen in den UmBrüchen des 20. Jahrhunderts] / Monika von Hirschheydt

    Hirschheydt, Monika von


    Arvustus: Nürnberg, Reiner, Höxtermann, Ekkehard, Voigt, Martina. Elisabeth Schiemann 1881-1972. Vom AußBruch der Genetik und der Frauen in den UmBrüchen des 20. Jahrhunderts. Beiträge eines Symposiums zum 200. Gründungsjubiläum der Humboldt-Universität Berlin. Rangsdorf: Basilisken-Presse 2014

  6. 海南降香檀种子质量分级标准研究%Study on Standard of Dalbergia odorifera T.Chen Seed Quality Classification

    孟慧; 杨云; 陈波


    研究海南降香檀种子质量的分级标准.选择海南降香檀种子30个批次样本进行分选,以及对净度、优良度、千粒重、生活力、含水量等指标的测定,确定种子质量分级标准.降香檀种子优良度、生活力和千粒重是5项种子分级指标中的主要标准,其他指标作为参考.种子优良度为95%,生活力为84.2%,千粒重在131.4g以上的种子被列为一级种子;种子优良度为70%,生活力为70.1%,千粒重在128.1g以上的种子被列为二级种子.建立了海南降香檀种子质量分级标准.%Studied the standard of Dalbergia odorifera T. Chen seed quality classification. Choose 30 samples of Dalbergia odorifera T. Chen seeds as materials. Seed purity,seed goodness,weight per 1000 seeds,seed viability , and content of water mensurated. According to the data, standard of the seed quality classification was set up. Seed goodness, seed vialility and weight per 1 000 seeds were described as major standard of seed quality classification and others as reference. The first grading seed were described as seed goodness more than 95% , seed vialility percentage more than 84.2% , and weight per 1 000 seeds more than 131.4 g. The second grading seed were described as seed goodness more than 70% ,seed vialility percentage more than 70.1% ,and weight per 1 000 seeds more than 128.1 g.

  7. "A violation of the conditional independence assumption in the two-high-threshold Model of recognition memory": Correction to Chen, Starns, and Rotello (2015).


    Reports an error in "A violation of the conditional independence assumption in the two-high-threshold model of recognition memory" by Tina Chen, Jeffrey J. Starns and Caren M. Rotello (Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2015[Jul], Vol 41[4], 1215-1222). In the article, Chen et al. compared three models: a continuous signal detection model (SDT), a standard two-high-threshold discrete-state model in which detect states always led to correct responses (2HT), and a full-mapping version of the 2HT model in which detect states could lead to either correct or incorrect responses. After publication, Rani Moran (personal communication, April 21, 2015) identified two errors that impact the reported fit statistics for the Bayesian information criterion (BIC) metric of all models as well as the Akaike information criterion (AIC) results for the full-mapping model. The errors are described in the erratum. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2014-56216-001.) The 2-high-threshold (2HT) model of recognition memory assumes that test items result in distinct internal states: they are either detected or not, and the probability of responding at a particular confidence level that an item is "old" or "new" depends on the state-response mapping parameters. The mapping parameters are independent of the probability that an item yields a particular state (e.g., both strong and weak items that are detected as old have the same probability of producing a highest-confidence "old" response). We tested this conditional independence assumption by presenting nouns 1, 2, or 4 times. To maximize the strength of some items, "superstrong" items were repeated 4 times and encoded in conjunction with pleasantness, imageability, anagram, and survival processing tasks. The 2HT model failed to simultaneously capture the response rate data for all item classes, demonstrating that the data violated the conditional independence assumption. In

  8. Paragonimus heterotremus Chen and Hsia (1964), in Vietnam: a molecular identification and relationships of isolates from different hosts and geographical origins.

    Le, Thanh H; Van De, Nguyen; Blair, David; McManus, Donald P; Kino, Hideto; Agatsuma, Takeshi


    Paragonimus heterotremus Chen and Hsia (1964), and paragonimiasis caused by this species is a newly detected disease in Vietnam. Twelve samples of Paragonimus (Platyhelminthes: Trematoda: Digenea: Paragonimidae) from different life-stages (eggs, miracidia, metacercariae, adults from natural and experimental hosts) and host species (crab, dog, cat and human) were collected in different geographical locations in Vietnam. DNA sequences were obtained from each for partial mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (cox1) (387 bp) and the entire second ribosomal internal transcribed spacer (ITS-2) (361 bp). The ITS-2 sequences were identical among all specimens, including those previously reported in GenBank. For cox1, there were sequence differences between specimens from Vietnam (four provinces, different locations) and those from Guangxi (China) and Saraburi (Thailand). Phylogenetic trees inferred from cox1 and ITS-2 sequences using sequence data for 15 P. heterotremus and for other Paragonimus spp. revealed that all P. heterotremus originating from Vietnam, Thailand and China form a distinct group. This information also confirms the identity of the Vietnamese specimens as P. heterotremus.

  9. 怪诞之美——陈老莲的人物画%The Absurd Beauty: Comment on Mr. Chen Lao-lian's Model Painting



    “怪诞”是一种美。这种美尽管从未占据主导地位,但它却是中国传统艺术中一股不容忽视的潜流,而且源远流长。陈老莲在中国绘画史上的地位和成就同其绘画艺术及其人物画独特的审美价值,无疑是与其“怪诞”的画风密不可分的。陈老莲人物画“怪诞”的造型特征,具有特别的形式美感与深刻内涵。%Absurdity is a tendency in definition of beauty, which has never been dominant, but an undercurrent deserving much attention in Chinese traditional arts and that has a long history. Mr. Chen Lao-lian has earned a place in history of Chinese painting. His achievements as well as his art of painting and his unique appreciation of beauty in character painting are all inseparable with his absurd style of painting. The modeling features of his paintings are of beautiful forms and essence.

  10. The Study of Qiu Chi's A Letter to Chen Bozhi%藏词与借代--从丘迟《与陈伯之书》说起



    Qiu Chi's A Letter to Chen Bozhi is a very successful book about capitulate. This letter is very vivid and logical. Qiu Chi had very clear goals in writing this letter. This letter is a meaningful Practical writ-ing. This paper is aimed at studying hiding words and metonymy, which are two major writing skill.%丘迟的《与陈伯之书》是一篇十分成功的劝降书。论者谓是文“晓之以理,动之以情”,乃中肯的评价。丘迟写作此文,有特定对象,也有明确的目的,是一篇不折不扣的应用文。选取“藏词”与“借代”两种修辞手法,讨论二者在是文所起的作用,并述这两种修辞手法的发展。

  11. 陈胜出身及有关问题的考辨%Chen Sheng' s Origin and Some Relevant Problems



    Misunderstandings arose that Chen Sheng had a noble birth, was once a head of the 900 civil- ian workers, not an ordinary farmer, but a powerful bully, etc.. However, analysis was made of "a ten- ant farmer", "frontier soldier", " capital punishment for delay", "a head of the stationary troops", "nicknamed She", and other historical documents, the so - called new findings are fabricated and devia- ted from the facts.%有人误读历史文献,得出陈胜"出身是相当高贵的","当上900民工的屯长","不是一般的庄稼人","是地方上的豪强"等新结论。但通过对"为人佣耕"、"闾左適戍"、"失期当斩"、"屯长职爵"、"陈胜字涉"的考辨和对历史文献的解析,揭破了这些"新结论"的虚妄和与历史事实的背离。

  12. Artistic Characteristics in Chen Zi Fen's Paintings of Flowers and Birds%论陈子奋花鸟画的艺术特点及成因



    Mr. Chen Zifen's paintings of birds and flowers are important parts of his art career. His paintings of flowers and birds combined with the traditional integration, the techniques are comprehensive, the feelings are sincere, the topic are extensive, the layout is flexible, and the color is bright. He absorbed the essence of the traditional culture, practiced hard, and combined with the spirit of the times, so he created numerous bright works of art.%陈子奋先生的花乌画是他一生艺术实践的重要组成部分,他的花乌画整合传统,技法全面,形真意足,题材广泛,情谐雅俗;布局灵活,用色明艳,诗意盎然。陈子奋在汲取传统文化精华的基础上,经过长期艺术实践的锤炼,并将时代精神渗透其间,最终使他创作出大量富有鲜明时代精神的艺术作品。

  13. Héritages mortifères. Rupture dans/de la filiation chez Ying Chen et Jane Sautière

    Anne-Marie Parent


    Full Text Available Les récits Nullipare (2008 de Jane Sautière et Un enfant à ma porte (2008 de Ying Chen mettent tous deux en scène des femmes qui se révèlent incapables d’être mères. Le présent article montre que cette incapacité à avoir un enfant vient du fait que pour les deux narratrices, la filiation est liée à la mort, à la perte et à l’absence ; dans les deux textes, un héritage mortifère fait rupture et empêche la filiation de se poursuivre. Jane Sautière’s Nullipare (2008 and Ying Chen’s Un enfant à ma porte (2008 both portray a woman unable to become a mother. This article shows that the inability to have a child stems from the fact that, for the narrators of each work, filiation is linked to death, to loss, and to absence; in the two texts, a deadly legacy breaks the line of filiation and prevents its continuation.

  14. 陈白露与茶花女的艺术形象比较%Art Image Comparison of Chen Bailu and the Lady of the Camellias



    陈白露和茶花女分别是曹禺《日出》和小仲马《茶花女》中的人物。她们两人都是文学中典型的妓女形象,都经历了几近相同的悲剧命运。文章把陈白露与茶花女这两个不同时代和文化背景下产生的、有着相似的境遇而又有着不同个性的文学形象放在同一视角下进行审视和比较,通过这两个悲剧形象所呈现的复杂的社会内涵来剖析其悲剧意义上的差异。%Chen Bailu and the Lady of the Camellias are figures of Sunrise by Cao Yu and The Lady of the Camellias by Alexan- dre Dumas Fils, who are the classic images of prostitute with similar fate. In the same perspective, the paper surveys and compares the two figures that lived in different times and cultural backgrounds and had similar experiences but different characters. And the paper also analyzes their different tragic fates with the complicated social connotations presented from the two tragic figures.

  15. On the Horizontal Speed of the Lower Extremities in Javelin Thrower Chen Qi's Cross Steps%标枪运动员陈奇交叉步中下肢水平速度的分析



    By the methods of experiment and comparison,the author made an overall,systematic and quantitative analysis of the horizontal speed changes of the lower extremity joints in the course of cross steps of Chen Qi,an elite Chinese male javelin thrower.The result shows that Chen Qi's technical structure needs to be further perfected and technical movements must be improved.%运用实验法和对比法对我国优秀男子标枪运动员陈奇交叉步过程中下肢各关节水平速度的变化进行全面、系统、定量的分析,结果表明,陈奇的技术结构有待进一步优化,技术细节须改进。

  16. 陈抟的先天《易》学思想探析∗%An Investigation and Analysis of Chen Tuan ’s Xian Tian I Ching Studies



    华山高隐陈抟(872-989)早年儒服,壮岁慕道,晚年入道,唯一不变的是对《易》的爱好。陈抟的《易》学受《周易》经传、《易纬》的影响,除了有对儒学自身的发掘,更涵摄老学与佛学的思想与范畴,在象数领域进一步开拓了《易》学的视野。《先天太极图>是陈抟创制的著名《易》图之一,是由先天八卦与《阴阳鱼太极图》组合而成的。由《京兆府广慈禅院新修瑞象记》的存在,证实了陈抟确实有着先天八卦卦图思想,这也意谓着陈抟在先天八卦的发展上是关键的角色。《先天太极图》承袭《参同契》以乾坤为南北,离坎为东西,《参同契》以乾坤为人身之象,乾为首,坤为腹,坎离为水火之说,以喻身中之药物,因此,《先天太极图》是用来表示炼丹的过程。陈抟先天之学是作为丹道炼养学理之依据。%Chen Tuan (872-989),a legendary Daoist sage living in Mt.Hua,who was conversant with the Confucianism at an early age,took interest in Taoism in midlife,and devoted himself entirely to Taoism in his later years.Chen Tuan's enthusiasm for I Ching had never changed.I Ching and I Wei had strong influences on Chen Tuan's I Ching studies .Aside from investigations into Confucianism,Chen Tu-an's I Ching studies not only involve thoughts of Laozi and Buddhism,but also broaden new horizons of I Ching in the field of Pattern-Number.“Xian Tian Tai Ji Tu,”one of Chen Tuan's famous creations,con-sists of Xian Tian Ba Gua and“Yin Yang Yu Tai Ji Tu.”Through JingZhaoFuGuangCiChanYuanXin XiuRui Xiang Ji,we confirm Chen Tuan's thought of Xian Tian Ba Gua,which means Chen Tuan plays a vital part in the development of Xian Tian Ba Gua. Following CanTong Qi,“Xian Tian Tai Ji Tu”uses Qian and Kun as north and south,Li and Kan as east and west.CanTong Qi takes Qian and Kun as the symbols of the human body,which means the head and the abdomen

  17. 77 FR 25538 - Quarterly Publication of Individuals, Who Have Chosen To Expatriate



  18. 从陈村计划生育中的博弈看基层社会运作%An Approach to Social Practice from Birth Control in ChenCun Village



    Based on the field work in Chen Village in the east plain of Henan Province, this paper presents an empirical research on the game in the process of family planning in rural China. It attempts to reveal the relationship between state and society or state and villagers, the evolution of local social order and pattern of local social operation through the macro and micro-analyses of the game in family planning in Chen Village. In micro-game analysis, the authers analyze the main means and strategies of game used by players. Based on the micro-analyses, the authers analyze the macro-game and try to clarify institutional change of family planning in the game and formalization of outcomes of games in past over 20 years. Four changes took place in the game of family planning in Chen Village(and neighboring areas). In the conclusion part, this paper puts forward the concept of “two-line-operating society” and finds the model of evolution of order.

  19. 植被及土壤对西藏飞蝗产卵的影响%Effect of Vegetation and Soil on Oviposition of Locusta migratoria tibetensis Chen

    李庆; 廖志昌; 杨刚; 封传红; 杨群芳; 罗怀海; 蒋春先; 王海建


    [目的]探索植被及土壤的理化性质对西藏飞蝗(Locusta migratoria tibetensis Chen)产卵量及产卵分布的影响.[方法]采用室外及室内笼罩模拟法,利用三因子二次回归通用旋转组合设计构建西藏飞蝗产卵选择模型.[结果]西藏飞蝗对不同植被的土壤有产卵选择性,其中草地和青稞地的产卵量最大(分别为36.03%和21.20%).土壤的理化性质能显著影响西藏飞蝗对产卵地的选择,其中含盐量、含水量和pH值影响最大.单因素分析表明在试验设置的含盐量区间内选择产卵量随含盐量的增加而急剧减少,而含水量和pH值各有一最适值.双因素分析表明3个因素之间有一定的互作影响,其中含盐量的影响最大.统计频率优化法得出最适宜产卵的土壤综合指标为含盐量0.08%-0.12%、含水量2.91%-3.75%、pH7.35-7.65.[结论]西藏飞蝗在不同的植被上生活,其产卵量差异显著.土壤含盐量、含水量和pH值显著影响西藏飞蝗产卵选择性.%[Objective] The objective of this study is to explore the effect of vegetation and soil physical and chemical properties on fecundity and oviposition distribution of Locusta migratoria tibetensis Chen. [Method] Three-factor quadratic regression general rotary combination experimental design was used to construct oviposition preference model of L. Migratoria tibetensis by using the caging simulation method in laboratory and field. [Result] L. Migratoria tibetensis had oviposition preference on different land soils, and had the highest fecundity in the grassland and barley field (36.03% and 21.20%, respectively). The soil physical and chemical properties had significant effects on oviposition preference. The salt content, water content and pH value had a great effect on oviposition preference. Single factor analysis showed that the fecundity decreased rapidly as the salt content increased in salt content intervals, but the water content and pH value

  20. Comparison of anti-inflammatory and anti-nociceptive activities of Curcuma wenyujin Y.H. Chen et C. Ling and Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi.

    Zhou, Jue; Qu, Fan; Zhang, Hang-Jun; Zhuge, Xiao-Hong; Cheng, Liang-Zhong


    The study aimed to compare the anti-inflammatory and anti-nociceptive activities of Curcuma wenyujin Y.H. Chen et C. Ling (Curcuma wenyujin) and Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi (Scutellaria baicalensis). This study used three parts to compare the two herbs. Firstly, animals were randomly divided into a Scutellaria baicalensis group, a Curcuma wenyujin group, an indomethacin group, and a model-control group to perform an ear edema test, a carrageenin-induced paw edema test, a cotton pellet-induced granuloma formation test, and an acetic acid-induced writhing test. Secondly, model rats with pelvic inflammation were established, and the serum levels of TNF-α and IL-6 in each group was detected with the Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA). Thirdly, pharmacokinetics analysis of Scutellaria baicalensis and Curcuma wenyujin was conducted on the model rats. The ear edema test, carrageenin-induced paw edema test, cotton pellet-induced granuloma formation test, and acetic acid-induced writhing test all showed that Curcuma wenyujin had stronger anti-inflammatory and anti-nociceptive effects than Scutellaria baicalensis. There is significant difference between the effects of Curcuma wenyujin and Scutellaria baicalensis on the levels of TNF-α and IL-6 for the model rats. Curcuma wenyujin decreased the levels of TNF-α and IL-6 more than Scutellaria baicalensis. The pharmacokinetics analysis showed that curcumol's Tmax, Cmax, and the area under the curve (AUC) were all higher than baicalin's. This study indicated that for pelvic inflammation, Curcuma wenyujin had better anti-inflammatory and anti-nociceptive effects than Scutellaria baicalensis.

  1. CHEN Ying's Treating Experience on Polycystic Ovary Syndrome%陈莹治疗多囊卵巢综合征经验



    The clinical experience on polycystic ovary syndrome of professor CHEN Ying ( director of obstetrics and gynecology department, Affiliated Hospital of Liaoning University of Traditional Chinese Medicine ) was introduced in this article. Etiology and pathogenesis of polycystic ovary syndrome have direct relationship with kidney, spleen and liver. Spleen deficiency producing phlegm, phlegm stagnation due to vital gate fire declining, liver depression and blood stasis all lead to polycystic ovary syndrome, such as hairiness, obesity, amenorrhea and infertility, etc. Treatment discipline should combine syndrome differentiation and disease differentiation, with the method of warming and inforcing kidney-Yang, strengthening spleen and reducing phlegm, soothing liver and eliminating blood stasis. And administration should be given according to menstruation cycles. At the same time psychological counseling is given together and more exercise is needed to reduce weight.%介绍陈莹教授辨治多囊卵巢综合征的临床经验.多囊卵巢综合征的病因病机与肾脾肝三脏有直接的关系,脾虚生痰、命门火衰、痰浊不化、肝郁血瘀共同导致了多囊卵巢综合征多毛、肥胖、闭经、不孕等症状.治疗应辨证与辨病相结合,以温补肾阳、健脾化痰、疏肝祛瘀为大法,并注意月经行经周期节律诱导用药,同时配合心理疏导、加强锻炼降低体重.

  2. The Methodological Significance of Chen Xianzhang’s Philosophy of the Mind%陈献章心学的方法论意义



    陈献章心学的方法论意义,直接落在价值的形而上层次上,具有境界论的意味。他将发端于先秦道家的天道自然观,转化为心本的价值形而上形态,“以自然为宗”亦成为其心性修养理论的根本宗旨和价值取向,“道”已经不是主体和客体相对应的某个确切规定性的对象化存在,因此,“自然”表现为个体在悟道养心过程中,抛却一切外在的诱惑而长保此心灵明无物的状态。%The methodological significance of Chen Xianzhang’s philosophy of the mind Falls directly on the value of the metaphysical level and has the meaning of the realm theory.He transferred the divine nature view which originated from Taoism into the state of metaphysical value of the mind.“Nature Laws”has become the fundamental purpose and values its concentric cultivation theory.“Dao”is not the subject and object of an object corresponding to the exact requirements of existence.Therefore,“Nature”is repre-sented as the state of an individual’s mind who gives up all external temptations in the process of enlight-enment and keep the purity forever.

  3. Measuring the impact of a 3D simulation experience on nursing students' cultural empathy using a modified version of the Kiersma-Chen Empathy Scale.

    Everson, Naleya; Levett-Jones, Tracy; Lapkin, Samuel; Pitt, Victoria; van der Riet, Pamela; Rossiter, Rachel; Jones, Donovan; Gilligan, Conor; Courtney-Pratt, Helen


    To determine the effect of immersive 3D cultural simulation on nursing students' empathy towards culturally and linguistically diverse patients. Accelerated globalisation has seen a significant increase in cultural diversity in most regions of the world over the past forty years. Clinical encounters that do not acknowledge cultural factors contribute to adverse patient outcomes and health care inequities for culturally and linguistically diverse people. Cultural empathy is an antecedent to cultural competence. Thus, appropriate educational strategies are needed to enhance nursing students' cultural empathy and the capacity to deliver culturally competent care. A one-group pretest, post-test design was used for this study. The simulation exposed students to an unfolding scene in a hospital ward of a developing county. A convenience sample of second-year undergraduate nursing students (n = 460) from a semi-metropolitan university in Australia were recruited for the study. Characteristics of the sample were summarised using descriptive statistics. T-tests were performed to analyse the differences between pre- and post simulation empathy scores using an eight item modified version of the Kiersma-Chen Empathy Scale. Students' empathy towards culturally and linguistically diverse patients significantly improved after exposure to the 3D simulation experience. The mean scores for the Perspective Taking and Valuing Affective Empathy subscales also increased significantly postsimulation. The immersive 3D simulation had a positive impact on nursing students' empathy levels in regards to culturally and linguistically diverse groups. Research with other cohorts and in other contexts is required to further explore the impact of this educational approach. Immersive cultural simulation experiences offer opportunities to enhance the cultural empathy of nursing students. This may in turn have a positive impact on their cultural competence and consequently the quality of care they

  4. Supplementary studies on Myxobolus tsangwuensis Chen, 1954 (Myxozoa: Myxosporea) infecting the gills of common carp Cyprinus carpio (L.): molecular and histological data.

    Huang, Mingjun; Liu, Yang; Jia, Luo; Zhai, Yanhua; Deng, Qiong; Gu, Zemao


    Myxobolus tsangwuensis Chen, 1954 is a common parasite infecting the gills of common carp Cyprinus carpio (L.). It was described simply in the original description and its molecular data was absent, which makes the accurate diagnosis challenging. Here we supplemented its description based on the morphological, histological and molecular data. It was characterized by the presence of small round or ellipsoidal plasmodia in the gills of host and histology showed the plasmodia developed in the capillary network of the gill lamella. Mature spores of M. tsangwuensis were ellipsodal in frontal view and lemon shaped in lateral view, averaging 11.2 ± 0.7 (10.2-12.5) μm × 9.3 ± 0.3 (8.5-10.0) μm × 6.2 ± 0.4 (5.5-7.0) μm. Spores valves were symmetrical and smooth. Occasionally, a small intercapsular appendix was observed. Two polar capsules were pyriform with different sizes, measuring 5.0 ± 0.2 (4.4-5.3) μm × 3.1 ± 0.1 (2.9-3.5) μm and 3.9 ± 0.2 (3.4-4.3) μm × 2.5 ± 0.2 (2.0-2.8) μm, respectively. Polar filaments coiled five to seven turns in large polar capsule and three to four turns in the small polar capsule. Some spores were surrounded by the mucous envelope that was not recorded in the original description. Molecular analysis revealed that the present SSU rDNA sequences did not match any available sequences in GenBank and phylogenetic analysis showed M. tsangwuensis was sister to M. basilamellaris and M. musseliusae.

  5. 陈济棠的经济思想与实践之得失%The Pros and Cons of Chen Jitang' s Economic Theory and Practice



    During his presiding over Guangdong Province, Chen Jitang carried out plans to develop its economy and made much progress, fulfilling its modernization. His theory about planned development of society, public and private economic development led by state capital, and comprehensive social development containing science, technology and education can give us some lessons and shed light on our cause of social development. We should give critical judgment to historical figures like Cben Jitang because his contributions to the economic development of Guangdong Province under such poor historical conditions were valuable.%陈济棠主政广东8年,实施了经济社会发展计划,并取得显著成效,实现了广东的全面近代化。他关于经济社会有计划发展的思想,关于国家资本主义主导下官民并举的思想,关于农业是国民经济之本的思想,关于科技与教育纳入经济社会发展全局的思想,对于我们吸取历史经验和发展社会主义事业有一定借鉴意义。我们对历史人物必须历史地辩证地给予评价,陈济棠在当时的历史条件下能作出如此贡献是十分难能可贵的。

  6. Chen's Theorem with Small Primes

    Ying Chun CAI


    Let N be a sufficiently large even integer. In this paper it is proved that the equationN = p + P2, p ≤ N0.95,is solvable, where p denotes a prime and P2 denotes an almost prime with at most two prime factors.

  7. Chen's Theorem with Small Primes

    Yingjie LI; Yingchun CAI


    Let N be a sufficiently large even integer. Let p denote a prime and P2 denote an almost prime with at most two prime factors. In this paper, it is proved that the equation N - p+ P2 (p ≤ AT0.945) is solvable.

  8. Classical Music Fan Chen Li


    The heyday of Beijing’s classical music beganin 1993, when top-quality sound equipment andrecords were imported. Also in that year, BeijingMusic Radio presented a classical music programtitled "Fan’s Club" and founded the "Music and

  9. 湖南柑橘大实蝇对不同柑橘品种的危害特点研究初报%The Damage Characteristics of Tetradacus citri Chen on Different Citrus Varieties in Hunan Province

    林文力; 杨水芝; 潘美山; 陈海玲; 黄泽培; 龙建国; 肖伏莲


    采用定点观察和普查的方式对湖南省吉首市、麻阳县柑橘大实蝇的危害特点进行了研究.结果表明:柑橘大实蝇对不同柑橘品种的危害时间由早到晚依次为:脐橙>温洲蜜柑>冰糖橙≥大红甜橙=广柑>椪柑;其危害最严重的品种是脐橙,虫果率达63%,其次是早熟温洲蜜柑和冰糖橙,达22%,再次是椪柑,达6%;同时还发现,柑橘不同品种果皮表面存在产卵假痕迹现象.这些结果可为柑橘大实蝇的防治提供理论参考依据.%The damage characteristics of Tetradacus citri Chen in Mayang County, Jishou City, Hunan Province were investigated by fixed-point observation method and general survey method. The results indicated that the harm time of Tetradacus citri Chen on different varieties of citrus ordered as navel orange>satsuma mandarin>Citrus sinensis ^Citrus sineasis Osbeck cv. Dahong= Citrussinensis (L.) Osbeck >Citrus reticulata Blanco cv. Ponkan; the damage level of Tetradacus citri Chen on different varieties of citrus ordered as navel orange>early mature satsuma mandarin and Citrus sinensis >dtrus reticulata Blanco cv. Ponkan, and the insect infestation ratio of navel orange, early mature satsuma mandarin, Citrus sinensis and Citrus reticulata Blanco cv. Ponkan was 63%, 22%, 22% and 6%, respectively. Meanwhile, the research also showed that there are fake oviposition traces of Tetradacus citri Chen on the Peels of different varieties of citrus. These results above can provide the theory basis for the control of Tetradacus citri Chen.

  10. 再论陈去病在南社史上的地位和作用%A Second Probe into CHEN Qubing’ s Status and Role in Nanshe’ s History



    As Nanshe’s first president, CHEN Qubing was often referred to as Nanshe’s chief league leader, general league leader or president-general by Nanshe participants such as GAO Xu, LIU Yazi, PANG Shubo, and so on.Nanshe’ s key figures were often arranged as CHEN-GAO-LIU in order of importance, and CHEN Qubing always occupied the first place in Nansh’ s mail list.There has already been historically settled agreement as who was Nanshe’ s first figure.CHEN Qubing not only foun-ded Nanshe, but also committed himself to Nanshe’ s undertaking and promotion.Besides eliminating conflicts and crises at that time, he strived to revive Nanshe bonds even long after its decay, so Nanshe was tightly bound with CHEN Qubing’ s name, de-spite that LIU Yazi also contributed greatly to Nanshe’ s cause.%陈去病为南社第一任社长,历史当事人高旭、柳亚子、庞树柏等均称陈为南社主盟、盟长、总社长。南社核心人物按“陈高柳”顺序排序,南社通讯录中陈去病居首。谁是南社第一人,历史自身已经定位。陈去病首创南社,南社创立后,他拓展并力图提升南社事业,化解南社内部的矛盾和危机,延续南社脉流,至南社衰败时,仍力图接续南社前缘。南社与陈去病的名字紧紧连接在一起。当然,柳亚子对南社事业也做出了巨大的贡献。

  11. 落花之咏:陈宝琛王国维吴宓陈寅恪之心灵诗学%Poetry of Falling Flowers:Mental Poetics of Chen Baochen,Wang Guowei,Wu Mi and Chen Yinke



    透过长达近百年的一组“落花诗”,挖掘近现代诗学一支深隐的心灵诗学谱系。即从陈宝琛到王国维、吴宓、陈寅恪,代代相传、自觉而灵心相通、有文化托命意识的一种精神传统。“落花之咏”成为认知的图式和抒情的背景,笼罩着众多繁杂深细的诗学书写。其中又隐藏着有关近现代诗与思、历史与政治、个人命运与家国大局、信仰与理性等论域的重大信息。在百年中国文学与文化的传统与变革大背景中,既属知识心灵的一种诗性记忆,亦不失为极富启示意义的一笔美学遗产。%Through poetry of falling flowers over the 100 years,explore a system of mental poetics in mod-ern times,which is a spiritual tradition from Chen Baochen,Wang Guowei,Wu Mi to Chen Yinke,with a consciousness of cultural task passing from generation to generation.“Poetry of falling flowers”becomes a cognitive schema and background to express feelings in many deep and detailed poetic writing,which covers important information on modern poetry and thinking,history and politics,personal fate and national situa-tion,belief and reason.In the 100 year background of Chinese literary and cultural traditions and transfor-mation,it is both a poetic memory of knowledge mind and significant aesthetic heritage.

  12. Chen Yangchun's Experience in Treating Edema with Five Substances Powder with Poria%陈阳春应用五苓散治疗水肿经验

    王振华; 耿振平; 赵章华


    The prominent symptoms of Five Substances Powder with Poria is "difficult urination",characterized by scanty urine,dripping urination even auria.Doctor Chen points out that clinically it takes "edema" as the main symptom and is the main clue for the use of Five Substances Powder with Poria.He proposes to differentiate cold and heat from tongue diagnosis since big difference exists in different individuals and many influence factors are changeable.For this reason,he attaches great importance to the tongue diagnosis.He holds that white and greasy tongue coating is the main tongue manifestation of Five Substances Powder but no obvious fever signs.For complicated with poor appetite,thirst,adverse flow of water,Minor Pinellia Decoction is combined;for complicated with dizziness,the dosage of Zexie (Rhizoma Alismatis) should be increased (generally 30g);for complicated with cough and asthma,palpitation,Tinglizi (Semen Lepidii) should be added.%五苓散证最突出的症状是“小便不利”,以小便量少,点滴不畅,甚至无尿为特点.而陈师发现,临床问诊中,患者常不明白此为何意,不能清楚表述,且发现小便量少,相应的出现全身浮肿居多 故陈师指出临床辨证以“水肿”为主症,是应用五苓散的主要线索.而辨寒热,陈师主张从舌诊来看,因脉诊个体差异较大,影响因素较多,变化多端,故陈师尤为重视舌诊,陈师指出,五苓散主要舌诊为苔白腻,主要强调没有明显热象患者兼纳差、口渴、水逆时,合用小半夏汤;兼眩晕者,加大泽泻用量,一般为30 g;咳喘心悸甚者,加葶苈子.

  13. 论陈复礼摄影创作的璀璨艺境%On the Shining Art Realm of Chen Fuli's Photography Works



    Having cherished an artist's deep concern and boundless love for the society and life, Mr. Chen Fuli made great art achievements during his decades of photography creation. On the basis of simplicity and truthfulness, his works expressed the tastes of life, such as the hardship of existence, the heroism of strug-gle as well as the joy and satisfaction of life. His conscious pursuit in the beauty of form in picture composition contained special implications, reflecting the author’s perceptions of philosophy in plain life phenomena. Par-ticularly, the essence of Chinese traditional aesthetics applied creatively in the modern art of photography not only carried forward the fine tradition, but also pushed forward photographic aesthetics to a higher realm.%  陈复礼先生抱着艺术家对社会对人生的深深关注和无限热爱,在数十年的摄影创作中,获得了巨大的艺术成就。他的作品让人感悟到生存的艰难与奋斗的豪迈,又表现出人们在生活中的欣喜与满足,在朴素真实的基础上表现着生活的情趣,在对画面构图的形式美的自觉追求中蕴涵着特殊的意味,在平实的生活现象中述说着作者感悟到的深刻的哲理。尤其是将中国传统美学的真髓,创造性地运用到摄影这一现代艺术中,既弘扬了中国美学的优秀传统,同时又把摄影艺术审美创造推向一个新的高峰。

  14. 教学艺术大师:被遮蔽的陈寅恪“肖像”%Chen Yinge and his hidden image of teaching master



    A teaching master is just w hat is implicitly portrayed of Chen Yinge ,w ho devotes more than half of his lifetime to the teaching of history and literature .His teaching is recognized as being creative , strict ,profound and helpful with the academic pursuit for the learners and shaping of their theoretical thinking .T his is know n as the academic foundation .%在学界为我们描绘的众多陈寅恪“肖像”中,教学艺术大师是被遮蔽的一个面相。事实上,陈寅恪作为一名大半生坚守大学教坛的史学、文学教授,在其教学实践中展示了深入人心、令人迷醉的教学艺术。这主要表现在:其教学实践具有新颖、严密、幽深、通达等四个显著特征;其教学活动在不期然间引领学生走入了特定的学术道路、形塑了学生的理论思维,从而为学生奠定了坚实而恒久的学术基础。当然,陈寅恪的教学实践之所以能够达到化境,并非幸至,而是有其睿智、庄严的生命形态作为根基的。其教学艺术,正是其崇高的文化使命感、独立精神、探求历史发展规律的情怀、渊博的知识、敏锐的洞察力等在教学活动中的自然投射。

  15. 抗战时期陈毅统一战线工作的特点%The Characteristics of Chen Yi's United Front Work during the Anti-Japanese War



    During the Anti-Japanese War, comrade Chen Yi took good use of his extraordinary courage and insight and superb struggle art as a politician and military strategist, adhered to the party's anti-Japanese national united front for promote all the power of unity and strive for unity to around our party and army, and stroke out one after another and the song of the sweep. In this period, the basic characteristics of comrade Chen Yi's united front work mainly include: forming a literary circle to make friends, and take full advantage of all kinds of contradiction to make more people be friends, and so on. Comrade Chen Yi's thoughts of united front still have certain reference significance for today's united front work.%抗日战争时期,陈毅同志以政治家、军事家的非凡胆识和高超的斗争艺术,坚持党的抗日民族统一战线。把一切可以争取和团结的力量争取团结到我党我军的周围,奏出了一曲曲军政全胜的凯歌。这一时期陈毅同志统战工作的基本特点主要有:身体力行,谓为表率;以文会友,广交朋友;真心纳谏,虚怀若谷;利用矛盾,化敌为友;关怀朋友,以诚待人。陈毅同志的统战思想对当今的统战工作仍具有一定的借鉴意义。

  16. The Cultural Shock Between the Horizon Fusion and Chen Kaige's Film Sacrifice%视界融合与陈凯歌版《赵氏孤儿》的文化冲突



    The dramatic conflict settings of Chen Kaige's film Sacrifice reflect his perspectives of culture and aesthetic. He not only hopes to expand the fusion of the self-horizon and the predecessors's horizon in diachronical dimensions, but also wants to impact the popular understanding and judgment by use of the modern art and mass media in order to obtain the broader horizon fusion in synchronical dimensions. However,Chen Kaige's adaption has not received the expected results. Dealing with the cultural conflict of morality and humanity incompetently and inadequately is the main reason that Chen Kaige's adaption is not very successful.%电影《赵氏孤儿》戏剧冲突的设置体现了陈凯歌的文化理念和审美取向,他不仅希望扩大的自我视界在历时性层面上成功地实现与前人视界的融合,还欲凭借现代艺术手段与公众传媒的力量去影响大众的理解和评判,从而在共时态的层面上达成更为广泛的视界融合。然而陈凯歌的艺术实践没有收到预期效果,在处理道义与人性的文化冲突时顾此失彼,力不从心,是其改编不算成功的主要原因。

  17. 蝙蝠蛾被毛孢虫草菌丝体粉对小鼠免疫调节作用的研究%Study on immunune regulation of mycelium of Hirsutella hepiali Chen et Shen in mice

    王彦武; 赵鹏; 李彬; 何励; 覃辉艳; 彭亮; 姚思宇


    目的 探讨蝙蝠蛾被毛孢虫草菌丝体粉对小鼠的免疫调节作用.方法 分别以200、400、800mg/kg BW剂量的蝙蝠蛾被毛孢虫草菌丝体粉经口给予小鼠连续灌胃30d后,进行各项免疫指标的测定.结果 蝙蝠蛾被毛孢虫草菌丝体粉剂量组与对照组比较能促进小鼠脾淋巴细胞增值、转化作用(R0.05),促进小鼠的迟发型变态反应(P<0.05),增强小鼠的单核-腹腔巨噬细胞吞噬能力(P<0.05),促进小鼠的抗体生成细胞增加及提高小鼠的血清溶血素水平(P<0.01和P<0.05),提高小鼠的NK细胞活性(P<0.01和P<0.05).结论 蝙蝠蛾被毛孢虫草菌丝体粉具有增强免疫力的功能.%Objeetive To explore the effect of Mycelium of Hirsutella hepiali Chen et Shen on the function of immunoregulation. Methods The mice were fed with mycelium of Hirsutella hepiali Chen et Shen at the doses of 200、400 and 800mg/kg.Bw for 30 days and then 7 indexes of immune function were measured to judge the effect of mycelium of Hirsutella hepiali Chen et Shen on immune system. Results The results of the test groups in comparison with the control group showed that transformation and proliferation of splenic lymphocyte were enhanced (P<0.05) and the late hairstyle allergy in mice was gearedup(P<0.05) ; The mononuclear celiac macrophage phagocytic activity was increased (.P<0.05) ;the quantity of the mice antibody—producing cell and the sheep erythrocyte antibody levels in serum were boosted (P<0.01 and P<0.05) and enhanced the activity of NK cells in mice(P<0.05). Conclusion It is suggested that mycelium of Hirsutella hepiali Chen et Shen could enhance immune function.

  18. 豆瓣兰的无菌播种与快速繁殖%Asepsis Sowing and in vitro Propagation of Cymbidum serratumr(Schltr)Y.S.Wu et S.C.Chen

    卜朝阳; 何荆洲; 闭志强; 董伟清; 严华兵


    @@ 1 植物名称豆瓣兰[Cymbidum serratum(Schltr)Y.S.Wu et S.C.Chen]. 2 材料类别种子. 3 培养条件种子萌发培养基:(1)MS+1 mg·L~(-1)BAP+10%椰子水;(2)改良Kyoto+1 mg·(-1)BAP+10%椰子水;(3)1/3MS+1 mg·L~(-1)BAP+10%椰子水.

  19. 从井冈山“朱毛之争”探讨陈毅的性格特征%Exploration into the Character Traits of Chen Yi From“Zhu Mao Dispute”in Jinggangshan

    吴得民; 王庆跃


    In the late 1920s, Mao Zedong, Zhu De, Chen Yi, co-founded the Red Army and the Jinggangshan revolutionary base.But in early period of revolution, how to create a new people’s army, whether to establish the Central Military Commission or not,“Zhu Mao dispute” took place within the Red Army ,and Chen Yi was also deeply involved in the debate.The authors, from Jinggangshan“Zhu Mao struggle”, through in-depth study of revolutionary friendship created between Mao Zedong and Chen Yi in long revolutionary period,, exhibit the excellent character traits and spirit of Chen Yi,such as kindness, cheerfulness and activity, generous tolerance; magnanimous honest, being brave for self-criticism, being aboveboard, being able to speak up; dealing with people outspokenly, without cronyism, not adding insult to injury..%20世纪20年代末期,毛泽东、朱德、陈毅共同创建了红军和井冈山革命根据地。但在革命初期,在如何创建新型人民军队、是否设立军委的问题上,红军内部发生了“朱毛之争”,陈毅也卷入这场争论风波。从井冈山“朱毛之争”入手,通过深入研究毛泽东与陈毅在长期革命历程中建立的革命友情,展现了陈毅生性厚道、开朗活跃、豪爽宽容;坦荡真诚,勇于自我批判;光明磊落,敢于仗义执言;待人处事心直口快,不结党营私,不落井下石的优秀的性格特征和精神风貌。

  20. 沉没在沉默里——沉樱婚恋小说解读%Sank in Silence:the Explanation about the Love and Marriage Novel by Chen-Ying



    The feminine writers of 54's time often hold a "free love" and "self-marriage" standpoint in the description of love. However, those women with this "free" idea about love will be able to obtain happiness? This is the theme that Chen Ying's marriage novel repeat to inquiry. Chen Ying have taken care of and restored the situation of women in marriage by women experience in live of herself: the distress caused by the easily changed love and the despair caused by wanting to stop love but cannot.%"五四"时期的女性作家在叙写爱情时,往往秉持着"恋爱自由"和"婚姻自主"的大义.但是,秉持这种"自由"的爱情理念,女性就能获得幸福吗?这是沉樱婚恋题材小说中反复叩问的主题.沉樱以女性自身生命体验,观照和还原女性艰辛的婚恋境遇:爱之易于变迁的痛苦,欲罢不能的绝望.

  1. "Chen Suan gynecological fill solution" of spleen and gynecological diseases from treatment are discussed. Features%《陈素庵妇科补解》从脾胃论治妇产科疾病特色探讨

    陈丽; 尤昭玲


    The "chen suan gynecological fill solution "attaches great importance to the spleen in women with thoughts,the tyre, during dialectical use. Chen elaborated by obstetrical and gynecological diseases with blood disorders, pathogenesis will first, spleen and weak relied heavily TDS spleen transfers, use more did the spleen, tonifying spleen qi benefiting stomach and the kidneys and the spleen, stomach temperature, using gentle drug treatment such method, multi-purpose raise the product, spleen protecting stomach can emulate deconstruction.%非常重视脾胃思想在女性经、带、胎、产中的辨证运用.陈氏阐述妇产科疾病病机必以气血失调、脾胃虚弱为先,辨证论治尤重脾胃调补,多采用行气健脾、补脾健胃、益肾健脾、温中和胃等法治疗,用药平和,多用养脾护胃之品,可供后学效法.

  2. 澄江学派传人陈应龙先生针灸学术特色%Academic features of CHEN Ying-long of the Chengjiang acupuncture school

    孟宪军; 孙孝忠


    陈应龙先生是我国近现代著名的针灸学家、澄江针灸学派创始人承淡安先生的亲传弟子之一.通过收集整理陈应龙先生的论文和医案,梳理其对澄江针灸学派的继承和发扬,发现其针灸学术特色主要表现为:注重练气练指力,手法善用子午补泻,疑难杂病善用灸法,慢性病善用组穴治疗,善治狂疾,常深取风府.%CHEN Ying-long is a famous acupuncturist in modern China. He is one of the disciples of CHENG Dan-an who is considered as the initiator of the Chengjiang acupuncture school. Through collecting and sorting of CHEN's theses and medical records which carried on and developed the Chengjiang acupuncture school, it is found that his academic features of acupuncture manifested in the following points; attaching importance on practice of qi and finger forces valuing the reinforcing and reducing manipulations according to midnight-noon and ebb-flow doctrine; utilizing moxibustion to treat difficult and complicated diseases; applied group points to treat chronic diseases; good at treating manic type of mental disorder with deep acupuncture at Fengfu (GV 16).

  3. An Incomplete Survey of Wang Yao's and Chen Pingyuan's Academic Research%沿着鲁迅的道路--对王瑶与陈平原之学术研究的不完全考察



    In the inheritance and development of Lu Xun's academic research achievements, Wang Yao and Chen Pingyuan are prominent representatives, for the studies on the setup of the modern Chinese academic system initiated by Wang Yao and carried forward by Chen Pingyuan has once exerted a greater influence on relevant re-searches in the late 20th century. In Scholars' Lives in Medieval Times can be discerned not only Lu Xun's impact on Wang Yao regarding Lu Xun's idea of the literary creation and viewpoints of scholars in Wei and Jin dynasties but also Wang Yao's expansion and innovation on the basis of relevant studies on Lu Xun. In the wake of Wang Yao, Chen Pingyuan has studied the history of the 20th-century Chinese novels and surveyed the modern academic history, thus having shown his strong consciousness of the academic history and his perspective as a historian. Mo-reover, based on his inheritance of Lu Xun's view on writing the literary history, Chen Pingyuan has proposed his own theoretical supposition on writing the modern literary history and has made some beneficial attempt. Chen will, in time, have more success in this aspect.%在承继和发展鲁迅的学术研究成果方面,王瑶和陈平原师生二人是较为突出的代表,由王瑶首倡并由陈平原继之的有关中国现代学术体系建立的研究,曾对20世纪末的相关研究产生了较大影响。在《中古文人生活》中,不仅可见王瑶所受鲁迅有关魏晋文人创作及思想观点的影响,更可发见王瑶在鲁迅相关研究基础上的拓展与创新。王瑶之后,陈平原所作有关20世纪中国小说史的研究以及关于现代学术史的考察等,都显示出其较强的学术史意识和史家眼光,他本人也在承继鲁迅的文学史撰写理念基础上,对现代的文学史书写提出了自己的理论构想并作出有益的尝试。假以时日,他当能在这方面有更大的成就。

  4. 奉献精神与文化自觉--从一个方面解读陈伟南先生的人生价值观%On Dedication Spirit and Cultural Consciousness--One-Aspect Interpretations of Mr. Chen Weinan's Value of Life



    The motto of Mr. Chen Weinan is"the value of life lies in dedication and the success in busi-ness depends on endeavor". Mr. Chen enjoys a good name both in integrity and ability, and always thinks of the source of becoming rich. First, chen has a high cultural consciousness and a spirit of dedication, laying stress on the importance of humanistic spirit inheritance and liberal education, and giving long-term support for the construction of cultural cause. Second, with an international vision, Chen has the "cultaral interaction" con-sciousness. With a compatible cultural attitude, Chen carries forward the fine cultural tradition.%  陈伟南先生的座右铭是:“人生的价值在于奉献,事业的成功在于努力。”他德才双馨,富而思源。首先,先生具有高度的文化自觉和奉献精神,一直强调人文精神承传和人文教育的重要性,并长期践行支持文化事业建设。其次,先生具有世界视野和“互动认知”的文化意识,以“海纳百川”的文化态度,弘扬优秀人文传统。

  5. 中国免疫皮肤病学的开拓者、吴阶平医学奖得主:陈洪铎%Prof.Chen Hongduo: the China Immune Dermatology Pioneer and Wu Jieping Medicine Prize Winner

    郭秀芝; 高兴华


    Prof.Chen Hongduo is an internationally-renowned expert in the field of dermatology and the first academician at the Academy of Dermatology and Venereology in China.In particular,he has been internationally recognized as the authority in relation to his research on the Langerhans cell,like its origin,distribution,conversion rules,surface antigen,immune function,pathology and closely related-keratinocytes studies.As a result,he made a systematic,creative,meaningful and significant contribution.In 2009,Prof.Chen was awarded the International Society of Dermatology Alliance Recognition Prize by the International Society of Dermatology Alliance,and this is the first time for Chinese to get the honor.In 2012,Prof.Chen was awarded the Wu Jieping Medicine Prize,which is known as China's Nobel Prize in the medical field.%陈洪铎,皮肤性病学界国际知名专家,我国皮肤性病学界首位院士.在皮肤免疫系统,尤其是关于朗格汉斯细胞的研究上,他被国际上公认为权威学者之一.在朗格汉斯细胞的来源、分布、转换规律、表面抗原、免疫功能、病理及与其密切相关的角质形成细胞研究中,他做出了系统的、创造性的、有实际意义的重大贡献.2009年陈洪铎被国际皮肤科学会联盟授予国际皮肤科学会联盟表彰奖,这是我国皮肤科医生首次获得该荣誉.2012年陈洪铎获吴阶平医学奖,该奖项被称为中国医学界的诺贝尔奖.

  6. Discussion of the Medication Characteristics for Amenorrhea Treated by Chen Zi-ming%陈自明治疗月水不通的用药特点探析

    相宏杰; 闫石; 刘艳辉; 刘桂荣


    The treatment characteristics of amenorrhea by Master Chen was summarized in the paper by studying relevant herbal formulas in Fu Ren Da Quan Liang Fang. Concerning to etiology, Master Chen thought that injury of blood and qi results in weakness of body and wind and cold pathogens invade the uterus . Those internal and external factors damage the Thoroughfare Vessel and the Conception Vcssel,leading to obstruction of blood flow in the uterus,thus amenorrhea happens. This disease focuses on dciiciency of qi and blood and invasion of wind and cold in etiology. Regarding with treatment, Master Chen emphasized on tonifying and promoting treatment to regulate menstruation. Thirty — four formulas for the treatment of amenorrhea were analyzed statistically. It was discovered that those formulas emphasized on nourishing blood and activating blood circulation. The ingredients were warm and neutral in nature and bitter, pungent and sweet in flavor. Most ingredients were in the insect category with strong action on promoting circulation. Additionally the medication usage was flexible and various. All of those reflect the treating principles of tonifying and promoting in menstrual regulation.%文章通过研究中有关妇人月水不通的方剂,总结陈氏治疗月水不通的特点.病因方面,陈氏认为妇人常由"劳伤血气致令体虚""受风冷邪气客于胞内"内外两方面因素损伤冲任,使胞络内血绝不通而经闭,病因重视气血亏虚、风冷乘袭.治疗方面,陈氏重视"补通"以调经.通过统计分析陈氏治疗月水不通的34首方剂,发现其用药方面具有重视养血活血,药性偏温平,药味多苦辛甘,善用虫类药攻坚通络,服药方法灵活多样等特点,均体现了"补通"以调经的治疗原则.

  7. Socioeconomic status and health in childhood: a comment on Chen, Martin and Matthews, "Socioeconomic status and health: do gradients differ within childhood and adolescence?" (62:9, 2006, 2161-2170).

    Case, Anne; Paxson, Christina; Vogl, Tom


    Understanding whether the gradient in children's health becomes steeper with age is an important first step in uncovering the mechanisms that connect economic and health status, and in recommending sensible interventions to protect children's health. To that end, this paper examines why two sets of authors, Chen et al. [Socioeconomic status and health: Do gradients differ within childhood and adolescence? Social Science & Medicine, 62, 2161-2170.] and Case et al. [Economic status and health in childhood: The origins of the gradient. American Economic Review, 92, 1308-1334.], using data from the same source, reach markedly different conclusions about income-health gradients in childhood. We find that differences can be explained primarily by the inclusion (exclusion) of a small number of young adults who live independently.

  8. 陈独秀:有革命家气质的启蒙思想家%Chen Duxiu:The EnIightenment Thinker FuII of RevoIutionary Temperament



    作为五四新文化运动的主要发起者和五四精神的重要阐释者,陈独秀视伦理觉悟为国人最后之觉悟,形成了从思想文化入手根本解决中国政治问题的基本路向。他坚信孔子之道不合现代生活,对儒家纲常名教进行猛烈批判,但这并不意味着抹杀孔子及儒学的历史价值。他以“不容他人之匡正”的强硬态度来推进文学革命,体现出一位具有革命家气质的思想家的魄力,取得了显著成效。他发起新文化运动的基本思路,是以启蒙为手段来达到政治救亡的目的,故他在新文化运动中从来没有忘记过政治救亡,更没有脱离当时的实际政治活动。他在五四新文化运动后期之放弃了西方的民主主义而信仰马克思主义并主张无产阶级专政,主要是由于他接受了列宁关于无产阶级民主的论述,以阶级分析方法看待民主问题,将民主区分为资产阶级民主与无产阶级民主,并致力于追求真正的民主和更广大的民主———无产阶级和人民大众的多数人的民主。%As the promoter of New Culture and the interpreter of spirits of May Fourth Movement, Chen Duxiu treated moral awareness as national ultimate enlightenment, which developed his primary way to solve the political problem of China from the perspective of the ideology and culture.Chen believed that the Confucianism was not adapted to the modern life, and criticized strongly the Confucian ethical code.However, Chen Duxiu did not wipe out the historical value of Confucius and Confucianism. He took uncompromising attitudes to promote the literary revolution, showing his courage of being an enlightenment thinker full of revolutionary temperament, which got him a good result.His primary thinking of initiating in the New Culture Movement was to achieve political salvation by the enlightenment means.Therefore, he never forgot political salvation in the New Culture Movement and

  9. 陈实功的医德思想对当代医者的启示∗%The Enlightenment of Chen Shigong′s Medical Ethics Thought to Contemporary Healer

    张洁; 王夏强


    陈实功的“医家五戒十要”是祖国医学医德传统的精华。其从医生个人品德修养、学习医学的方法、工作态度、价值取向与同道之间的人际关系等方面对医务工作者提出了要求,对当代医者完善自身修养有着重要的现实意义。%The “Five Precepts and Ten Requirements for Doctors” of Chen Shigong is the quintessence in our traditional medical ethics. It put forward requires for doctors in several aspects including personal moral cultivation, methods of learning, attitude towards job, value orientation, and relationship between coworkers. And it has impor-tant practical significance for contemporary doctors to improve their self-cultivation.

  10. 潘仕成与鸦片战争的武器捐造(上)%Weapon Produced by Pan-se-chen in the First Opium War



    The British navy defeated the navy of Qing dynasty in the First Opium War,so the merchant Pan-se-chen produced the weapon himself. This paper does some research about Pan-se-chen’s weapon production process.%鸦片战争时期,清军不敌英军。潘仕成自行捐造武器,包括水雷、大炮、战船。文章围绕潘仕成捐造武器一事探究了某些具体细节,分析了他制造武器的思想根源以及武器制造为什么没有继续下去。

  11. Persist in and Carry Forward the Integrative Medical Research——Speech at the 6th National General Congress of Chinese Association of Integrative Medicine by Academician CHEN Zhu,Minister of Ministry of Health


    @@ The 6th National General Congress of Chinese Association of Integrative Medicine(CAIM)was convened at 19-20,April 2008 in Beijing.Academician CHEN Zhu,the minister of Ministry of Health indicated at the congress that the integration of Chinese and Westem medicine is very well in keeping with the situation of our countw and the general rule of development in medical science;and as a good integration of Chinese medicine and Western medicine,it is mutually beneficial and advantageous to both of them.Seeing the creativity shown in integrative medical investigation in theoretic and methodological sides,we should and must persist in and develop it.

  12. Efficient extraction and preparative separation of four main isoflavonoids from Dalbergia odorifera T. Chen leaves by deep eutectic solvents-based negative pressure cavitation extraction followed by macroporous resin column chromatography.

    Li, Lu; Liu, Ju-Zhao; Luo, Meng; Wang, Wei; Huang, Yu-Yan; Efferth, Thomas; Wang, Hui-Mei; Fu, Yu-Jie


    In this study, green and efficient deep eutectic solvent-based negative pressure cavitation-assisted extraction (DES-NPCE) followed by macroporous resin column chromatography was developed to extract and separate four main isoflavonoids, i.e. prunetin, tectorigenin, genistein and biochanin A from Dalbergia odorifera T. Chen leaves. The extraction procedure was optimized systematically by single-factor experiments and a Box-Behnken experimental design combined with response surface methodology. The maximum extraction yields of prunetin, tectorigenin, genistein and biochanin A reached 1.204, 1.057, 0.911 and 2.448mg/g dry weight, respectively. Moreover, the direct enrichment and separation of four isoflavonoids in DES extraction solution was successfully achieved by macroporous resin AB-8 with recovery yields of more than 80%. The present study provides a convenient and efficient method for the green extraction and preparative separation of active compounds from plants.

  13. Monitoring Protein Conformation Changes as an Activating Step for Protein Interactions with Cross-linking/MS Analysis. / Chen, Zhuo; Rasmussen, Morten; Tahir, Salman; Clark, C.A.C; Barlow, Paul; Rappsilber, Juri

    Rasmussen, Morten

    Monitoring protein conformation changes as an activating step for protein interactions with cross-linking/MS analysis. Chen, Zhou; Rasmussen, Morten; Tahir, Salman; Clark, C.A.C; Barlow, Paul; Rappsilber, Juri.   Introduction Protein interactions often require conformational changes in proteins....... Chemical cross-linking of proteins coupled with mass spectrometric analysis is emerging as a versatile tool for determining low-resolution three-dimensional structures of proteins. We show in this study that this technique is also able to resolve protein conformation changes, investigating the transition......-linked peptides and manual validation were performed using in-house software. The structural information determined by validated cross-links was compared against C3 and C3b crystal structure using Pymol.   Preliminary results We portray conformation changes from C3 to C3b through observing different group...

  14. 论陈应松“神农架系列”小说中的人性异化%Talk about Fiction Series of in Shennongjia by Chen Yingsong

    郑明娥; 徐天兴


      陈应松的神农架系列小说揭示了种种异化的人性,而心理失衡、城乡对立、物质贫穷、精神贫乏、大众文化是造成人性异化的根。同时,作品也流露出对社会现实的批判,对底层生存境遇的审视,对和谐美好人性的向往。%The series novels of Shennongjia by Chen Yingsong reveal the alienation of human nature, psychological imbalance between urban and rural areas, the material poverty, poor spirit and mass culture are the root of human alienation. At the same time, the works also reveals the criticism of the social reality, the bottom of living conditions and the harmonious human nature.

  15. 晁补之贬谪词“沉咽”之风论略%On Chao Buzhi’s Ci of Relegation with“Chen Ye”Style



    The works with“Chen Ye”style expresses the matters with important meaning of life and deep emotion, not the“leisure things”,“leisure emotion”, and features the sad tune. The intensity of emotion expression is not vi⁃olent nor radical and the expression way bears circumlocution instead of expressing straight from the heart and tak⁃ing in everything at a single glance. Chao Buzhi’s Ci of relegation expresses fame disillusionment, wandering life and the sadness of old age in the emotional content. Sad words and bold words appear alternately in the way of ex⁃pression, and poetic allusions are used to present twists and turns, which is in line with the characteristics of the“Chen Ye”style.%具有“沉咽”风格的作品在内容、情感方面,表现的是那些对于人生意义重大的事,抒发的是深沉的情感,而并非“闲事”、“闲情”,且以悲哀伤感为主调。在情感表现的强度上不激烈、极端,在表现方式上大多委婉曲折,并非直抒胸臆、一览无余。晁补之的贬谪词在情感内容上多抒发功名幻灭、身世飘零、韶华迟暮之悲;在表现方式上悲语、壮语交错呈现,且喜化诗用典以构筑曲折厚重,正符合“沉咽”的风格特征。

  16. Chinese Commission of Science Technology and Industry for National Defense Senior Vice Minister CHEN Qiufa visiting ALICE experiment on 1st November 2007 with CERN Director-General R. Aymar and Adviser J.-P. Revol. Thursday, 1st and Friday, 2nd November 2007

    Maximilien Brice


    Chinese Commission of Science Technology and Industry for National Defense Senior Vice Minister CHEN Qiufa visiting ALICE experiment on 1st November 2007 with CERN Director-General R. Aymar and Adviser J.-P. Revol. Thursday, 1st and Friday, 2nd November 2007

  17. Textual research on Chen Ye and his Jia cang jing yan fang (Family-presreved Empirical Recipes) of the Song Dynasty%宋代陈哗及《家藏经验方》考

    张雪丹; 张如青; 陈德兴


    Chen Ye,an official of the Southern Song Dynasty,also known as Chen Rihua as his styled name,was born in Changle,Fuzhou in the reign of Shaoxing,and died during the reign of Duanping.He had been consecutively in the positions of Jiang shi lang (Court Gentleman for Ceremonial Service),Zhi zhou (Prefect) of Lingding,the Ti xing (Judicial Commissioner) of Guangdong,the Zong ling (Overseer-general) of Sichuan,Shah ding (Reviser),Shu lin and other positions in Tongzhou,Yuanzhou.His works included 1 volume of Gu ling xian sheng nian pu (Mr.Guling's Chronological Biography),1 volume of Tan xie (On Humor),1 volume of Shi hua (Poetry),8 volumes of Jin yuan li shu (Jin Yuan's Smart Technique),3 volumes of Yi jian zhi lei bian (Classified Compilation of Yijian's Annals),(Zeng guang) Suo s ui lu (Augmented Records of Trivial Matters),5 volumes of Jia cang jing yah fang (Family-preserved Empirical Recipes).He also compiled the 8-volume Yinjiang zhi (Yinjiang's Annals),published the 2-volume Jia cang ji yao fang (Collected Essential Recipes from Family Preservation),and other proses and poetry.Jia cangjing yah fang was a formulary compiled by Chen Ye,which was lost.Altogether 74 of its recipes were cited in Fu ren da quan liang fang (Complete Effective Prescriptions for Women's Diseases),Shou qin yang lao shu (A Book for Pursuing Seniors' Longevity and Healthcare),Pu ji fang (Prescriptions for Universal Relief) and Yong le da dian (Yongle Encyclopedia).%南宋官员陈哗,字日华,福州长乐人,约生于宋绍兴年间,卒于端平年间,历任将仕郎、临汀知州、广东提刑、四川总领、删定、书林等职,亦曾于通州、沅州等地任职,著有《古灵先生年谱》1卷、《谈谐》1卷、《诗话》1卷、《金渊利术》8卷、《夷坚志类编》3卷、《(增广)琐碎录》、《家藏经验方》5卷,主持编撰《鄞江志》8卷,刊行方导《家藏集要方》2卷,另有诗词散文等.《家藏经验方》为陈晔所编撰的一部方

  18. 脸面叙事的深度模式--以陈希我小说为例%The Depth Mode of Face Narrative---A Case Study of Chen Xiwo’ s Novels



    The face is an image rich in philosophical significance, so the contemplation on the human face is equal to one on man’ s complexity. Of various ideas on the face, facial makeup, masks, and the face culture are very universal, with Levinas’ s idea of“the face” ethics being prominent. Moreover, the“face” image is also com-monplace in literature texts, but few contemporary writers have ever delved into the ideological depth of narrative through “the face”, as is opposed to Chen Xiwo, a writer from Fujian, who has subconsciously demonstrated such a narrative effect. By referring to Levinas’ s idea of the face ethics and the social implication of the face culture, one can discern that the face image is particularly unique in Chen Xiwo’ s novels, for he has acquired the most pro-found ethical significance in his conscious or subconscious description of facial details.%“脸”是个富含哲学深度的意象,思考人的脸,就等于思考人的复杂性。在关于脸面的思想中,脸谱、面具、面子文化很普遍,而列维纳斯的“脸孔”伦理学思想尤为突出。在文学文本中,“脸面”意象也很普遍,但通过“脸面”来挖掘叙事的思想深度方面,当代作家少有触及,而福建作家陈希我无意地呈现了这种叙事效果。结合列维纳斯的脸面伦理学思想,以脸面文化的社会寓意作为背景,我们可以发现陈希我小说中的脸面意象特别异常,他在有意无意的脸部细节书写里取得了最为深邃的伦理意义。


    李金金; 倪加加; 李学梅; 颜庆云; 余育和


    以肉食性南方大口鲇(Silurus soldatovi meridonalis Chen)为对象,研究采用PCR-DGGE指纹技术对其仔稚鱼胃肠道分化过程及细菌群落结构进行了对比分析,进而探讨了细菌群落与胃肠道分化的关系。消化道外部形态和胃肠切片显示13日龄样品起,胃肠在结构上出现较大的分化。DGGE分析结果显示胃肠道细菌群落的分化始于18日龄:从18日龄样品起,肠内细菌群落明显开始分化,但在随后的18-33日龄期间细菌群落结构相对稳定,而胃内细菌群落则一直处于动态变化中。这说明,南方大口鲇仔稚鱼的个体发育过程中,随着胃肠在组织结构上的分化,其消化道细菌群落结构也出现了明显分化,并且胃和肠内细菌群落结构的分化在时间上存在差异。该研究结果将为深入研究胃和肠内细菌群落的功能差异提供基础资料。%To explore the potential relationship between differentiation of gastrointestinal tract and the gastrointestinal microbiota colonization, polymerase chain reaction-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (PCR-DGGE) was applied to analyze the gastrointestinal microbiota alteration of Silurus soldatovi meridonalis Chen with the differentiation of gas-trointestinal tract. The differentiation of the intestinal microbiota started from 18-day samples and kept relatively stable in the following 23-, 28- and 33-day samples. However, the differentiation of the stomach microbiota was in dynamic variation process during the experiment. Morphological observation and histological slices of the gastrointestinal tract suggested a significant differentiation started at the developmental stage of 13-day. It indicated that with the differen-tiation of digestive system, the differentiations of bacteria community structures of both stomach and gut were different in spatiotempord.

  20. 试论陈染文本的女性意识及生命体验%On Feminine Consciousness and Life Experience in Chen Ran’s Texts



    This paper attempts to explore text features of Chen Ran from the aspects feminism on the basis of some canonical novels written by Chen Ran who boasts such novel as Private Life, Say Good-bye to the Past, Nowhere to Say Good-bye, characterized by strong feminine consciousness. She tries to have a destructive writing of traditional men and women so as to describe the cleft of feminine narration from her own experi-ence as a creative origin. She also tries to display her narcissistic tendency and strong feminine consciousness of women characters in her novel from the female viewpoint. Her spirit weapon to keep her independency and individuality and the resistance against the society is a reflection of her own intangibly spiritual loneli-ness, a life experience of her own. Most of the female protagonists in her novels all try to adventure, and to flee, especially spiritual escape. Her texts mixing with the deep experience of life and detailed and subtle de-piction so as to exhibit the nature of women or human beings and the connation of life send profound shiver to the bone of the reader.%运用女性主义批评方法,以《私人生活》、《与往事干杯》、《无处告别》等经典文本为主要研究对象,对陈染小说进行了深入分析。认为强烈的女性意识是陈染文本最大的特色。陈染站在女性的立场角度,把传统的男性与女性形象进行颠覆性的书写,表现出女性明显的自恋倾向;无以名状的心灵孤独是陈染笔下女主人公的一种生存体验,而逃离意识更多的是指灵魂的逃离。陈染文本对女性生命体验的书写揭示了女性乃至人性的本质及生命内涵,具有强烈的心灵震撼力。


    卢兆荣; 邓耀华; 陈之梓


    调查中在上海浦东芦苇荡里的死螃蜞体内发现三龄幼虫,经饲养羽化出浦东拟黑麻蝇Beziella pudongensis Fan,Chen et Lu,sp.n.(武夷科学,待发表)雄、雌成虫.本新种三令幼虫记述,亦是拟黑麻蝇属中的幼虫首次报道. 本新种与黑尾黑麻蝇Helicophagella melanura(Meigen)的雄虫虽貌似而不近缘,本文从它们三龄幼虫的体壁、口咽器、前气门、后气门、后突起群的突形等都有很大差异,而生态习性也显然不同,黑尾黑麻蝇幼虫常在人、畜粪中发现,是住区常见蝇种之一,而浦东拟黑麻蝇幼虫仅在大片芦苇荡地表的死螃蜞体内发现.两者绝非近缘属、种.%The third stage larva here described were collected from a dead body of amphibious crab in a reedy marsh at Pudong, Shanghai, China. After rearing them, both sexes of Beziella pudongensis Fan, Chen et Lu (as new species in press, the paper will be published in the journal"Wuyi Science" ) were identified.The third stage larva of the genus Beziella Enderlein is described for the first time.Present species in male is superficially similar to that of Helicophagella melanura (Meigen),but not closely related. According to present study, the characteristics including cephalopharyngeal sclerites, anterior and posterior spiracles, perispiracular tubercles etc. between them are well different. They also differ in bionomics that H. melanura is well known as a common synanthropic fly breeding mainly in human and animal excrement, whereas the larvae of present species being found from a dead amphibious crab on ground in a broad reedy marsh near sea wall. Evidently, they are not close relatives.

  2. Historical Evaluation of Chen Boda and the New Enlightenment Movement%关于陈伯达与新启蒙运动的历史评价问题



    In the 1930s, in the field of thought and culture CPC and some left-wing intellectuals launched the New Enlightenment Movement aiming to resist Japan and save the nation and disseminate Marxism. Chen Boda, as one of the leaders in the field of thought and culture,and the minister of propaganda of the Northern Bureau of the Central Committee of CPC,played an essential and fundamental role at all the stages of the New Enlightenment Movement:the beginning,development, climax and end. Starting from the relationship of Chen Boda and New Enlightenment Movement,the paper states systematically the motive and train of thought of his launch of New Enlightenment Movement,reveals his theoretical contribution in the process of the Movement,and then makes objective judgment on Chen’s role in the New Enlightenment Movement.%1930年代,中共和左翼文化人士在思想文化领域发起了一场旨在抗日救国、宣传马克思主义的新启蒙运动。作为北平思想文化界的领军人物和中共北方局宣传部长,陈伯达在新启蒙运动的发起、发展、高潮以及最后走向结束的各个环节,都起到了至关重要的作用。文章从陈伯达与新启蒙运动的关系入手,系统阐述了其发起新启蒙运动的动机及思路,揭示他在新启蒙运动各个历史阶段的理论贡献,进而并对他在新启蒙运动中的作用给予客观评价。

  3. Medication rule of Doctor CHEN Jinghe from Long Jiang Medical School in treating blood stasis syndrome%龙江医派名医陈景河治疗血瘀证用药规律分析

    陈婷婷; 刘彬; 韩彦华


    目的:分析龙江医派名医陈景河治疗血瘀证的用药规律。方法收集、整理龙江医派名医陈景河在齐齐哈尔中医院门诊治疗血瘀证的中药方剂,建立数据库,利用统计学方法对用药情况进行统计分析。结果整理治疗血瘀证的中药方剂50首,涉及中药194种,用药总频数为610次。结论核心单味药依次为川芎、当归、黄芪、丹参、乳香、没药、党参、红花、白芍等;治疗血瘀证以活血化瘀药、补虚药、清热药、解表药等为主要功效的药物为主;药性以温、寒、平为主;药味以苦、辛、甘为主;归经以肝、脾、心、肺、肾为主。%objective To analyze the medication rule of famous doctor Chen Jing - he from Long Jiang Medical School in Treating blood stasis syndrome. Methods Prescriptions for treatment of blood stasis syndrome of outpa-tients from Qiqihaer Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine written by Long Jiang Medical School’s famous doctor Chen Jing-he were collected and arranged,database was established,and medication rule was analyzed with statistical method. Results The 50 pieces of TCM prescription against blood stasis syndrome were collected,which involved 194 kinds of herbs,and total frequency of medication use reached 610 times. Conclusion Core herbs in proper or-der are Ligusticum chuanxiong,angelica,astragalus,radix salviae miltiorrhizae,Radix Codonopsis,frankincense, myrrh,safflower,Radix Paeoniae Alba,etc;drugs for the treatment of blood stasis were mainly of blood circulation promoting,blood stasis removing,heat clearing and diaphoretic effect;the properties of the herbs were mainly warm, cold and peace;the herbs were mainly of bitter,acrid and sweet;the meridians entered were mainly liver,spleen, heart ,lung and kidney.

  4. The Relationship of Yu Dafu's "Trouble of Sex" and "Creation of ChenLun"%论郁达夫“性的苦闷”与《沉沦》的创作



    Trouble of Sex "is considered one of the most important character in Yu Dafu's autobiographical fiction,from Qian Xingcun put forward in 1928 for the first time," Trouble of Sex " was used by the later researchers constantly." the creation of ChenLun and Yu Dafu' trouble of sex when he studyed in Japan have a close relationship actually.%"性的苦闷"被认为是郁达夫自传体小说的一个重要特征,从钱杏邨1928年评论《沉沦》时首次提出开始,"性的苦闷"便被后来的研究者们不厌其烦的使用。《沉沦》是的创作,也确实与郁达夫留学日本时遭遇的"性的苦闷"有着密切的关系。

  5. 关于建筑演化的思想交流 常青/赵辰对谈%Intellectual Exchanges on the Evolution of Architecture A Dialogue between CHANG Qing and ZHAO Chen

    常青; 赵辰; 邓小骅(采编)


    As contemporaries, Chang Qing and Zhao Chen have a common background: as scholars they also double as architects, and both are concerned about the contemporary developments in research inarchitectural history. This article records their dialogue and attempts to present the individual personalities of both architects, and the marks that our time have stamped on the research in the history and theory of architecture.%作为同龄人并兼具学者和建筑师的双重身份,常青与赵辰有着相似的成长背景和经历,文章记录了他们的对谈内容,话题主要包括时代烙印、建筑教育、建筑思想等方面,试图呈现出双重身份的建筑师个体以及建筑历史与理论研究的时代印记。

  6. Textual research of ten sentence translations in Chen Guying' s Notes and Translation of Zhuangzi%陈鼓应《庄子今注今译》译文考辨十则



    Zhuangzi has a great impact on the history of Chinese literature, philosophy and aesthetics. It is embedded with the beauty of poetry, painting, music and philosophy, and its language is grand, mysterious, unruly and attractive. Many scholars annotated Zhuangzi, but there are incorrect or inaccurate understandings and translations in some works. Therefore, this paper makes a textual research of ten sentence translations in Chen Guying' s Notes and Translation of Zhuangzi.%《庄子》一书在中国文学史、哲学史、美学史上都有着巨大的影响。它集诗歌之美、绘画之美、音乐之美、哲学之美于一身,《庄子》语言更是恢弘谲怪,玄妙不羁。后世学者多有关于《庄子》注译的作品,但是这些著作对于《庄子》语言的理解和翻译不尽正确或准确。本文对陈鼓应先生之《庄子今注今译》中所发现的一些问题进行必要的考辨。

  7. A Study of CHEN Yi′s Historical Contribution to Jinggangshan Revolutionary Base Area%试析陈毅对井冈山革命根据地建设的历史贡献

    孙伟; 李清平


    CHEN Yi was one of the main leaders during the period of struggle in Jinggangshan,and he had made a great deal of contribution to the consolidation and development of Jinggangshan revolutionary base area.For exam-ple,he helped ZHU De reserve the fire of revolution and led the troops to reunite in Jinggangshan;he assisted MAO Ze-dong with ideological and political work to enhance the combat effectiveness of the armed forces;he helped MAO Ze-dong and ZHU De direct battles to smash enemies′military attacks.%陈毅是井冈山斗争时期的主要领导人之一,他为井冈山革命根据地的巩固和发展作出了重要贡献。如协助朱德保存革命火种,率部会师井冈山;辅佐毛泽东做思想政治工作,提升部队战斗力;协助毛泽东、朱德指挥战斗,粉碎敌人军事进攻。

  8. 陈国符道教音乐研究之理解与认知%The Understanding and Cognition of the Historical and Practical Significance of Chen Guofu’s Taoist Music Research



    陈国符是当代较早涉足道教音乐研究的学者,其学术在道教音乐研究史上起到了承上启下的重要作用。文章以陈国符《道乐考略稿》《明清道教音乐考稿》两篇具有代表性的学术成果为例,就如何理解和认知陈国符之道教音乐研究的历史和现实意义作了阐释。%Guofu Chen is one of the earlier scholars who involved in contemporary Taoism music research. His academic influence is far-reaching, and both of his aca-demic ideas and methods played an important role in the history of Taoist music stud-ied. Taken two representative works of Guofu Chen’s DaoyueKaolueGao(TheManu-scriptofTextualResearchonTaoismMusic) and MingandQingDaojiaoYinyueKa-ogao(TheManuscriptofTextualResearchonTaoismMusicinMingandQingDynas-ties) as examples, this paper explained that how to understand and to be cognitive the historical and practical significance of Guofu Chen’s Taoist music researching.

  9. Donglang's Emotion beyond Romanticism:A comment on Modern poet Chen Zengshou's Allegiance to Qing Dynasty%冬郎情结岂香奁--论近代诗人陈曾寿的遗民心态



    晚唐诗人韩偓在清末颇受重视,陈曾寿诗中对韩偓尤为三致其意,其对落花诗的咏叹,以及纪恩与负恩之心理冲突,成为一种很有代表性的“冬郎情结”。而实际上韩偓诗的成就并不是很高,清季遗民之推崇韩偓,更多的是出于对其事唐经历的肯定,以及其眷怀唐室引起的情感共鸣。%Poet Han Wo, whose courtesy name is Dongling, in the late Tang Dynasty was highly valued in the late Qing Dynasty. Chen Zengshou showed his great respect to Han Wo in his poems, and his poems about the fallen flowers and psychological conflict between loyalty and betrayal constituted a typical complex of DongLang. In fact Han Wo's achievements in poetry were not as high as it was deemed, and citizens of the overthrown Qing Dynasty praised Han Wo highly more because of his devotion to the Tang Dynasty and the emotional resonance for the overthrown dynasties.

  10. A preliminary discussion on Daoist bionomy: On the basis of Chen Yingning's philosophy of immortals%道教生命学浅议——从陈撄宁的仙学谈起



    From the modern point of view,the Daoist regimen culture in China is actually a kind of oriental bionomy.Although it is less developed than the Western life sciences in terms of details and techniques,it has unique advantages in terms of its comprehensive grasp and dynamic observation Of life,as well as its emphasis on the development of life potentiality and on the self adjustment and improvement of living bodies.Chen Yingning reestablished a Daoist bionomy philosophy and sciences,leaving us a valuable legacy.To establish a new bionomy system required by the modern society through learning from the Daoist bionomy,the academic circle has to seriously explore the four issues:(1)at the level of faith,to turn the Daoist faith in deities and gods into a pursuit of ideal personality;(2)with respect to the principles of regimen,to extend the dual cultivation into a kind of universal concept;(3)as with the way of regimen,to learn from the regimen thought of Daoism and combine the inner cultivation with the outer one,and static exercise with dynamic exercise;and(4)with regard to the ways of treatment of diseases,to combine the Daoist medicine with the Western medicine.

  11. 陈云与新中国50-70年代的对外贸易%Chen Yun and China's Foreign Trade From 1950s to 1970s



    From 1950s to 1970s ,both the New China and its foreign trade faced a very complicated in‐ternational and domestic situation .Chen Yun led the work of foreign trade during this period in line with the principle of the supremacy of the state and the people ,and finally broke down the blockade of western capitalist countries toward China which not only made a good start for the new China's foreign trade ,but al‐so provided a strong support for the subsequent construction of China's national economy .%新中国建立后,面临十分复杂的国际国内形势,20世纪50-70年代的中国对外贸易也在艰难的环境中展开。陈云本着国家和人民利益至上的原则,领导了这一时期中国的对外贸易工作,最终打破西方资本主义国家对中国的封锁。不但使新中国的对外贸易有了一个良好开端,也为随后中国的国民经济建设提供了有力支持。

  12. The Reasons for Qian Mu's Setting up a Chapter for Chen Li in his Chinese Academic History in Almost Three Hundred Years%钱穆《中国近三百年学术史》特论陈澧之原因析论



    陈澧作为一个讲学著述终老的普通经生,在学术史上并没有像康有为等人能在晚清思想界留有重要轨迹,而钱穆却在《中国近三百年学术史》中将陈澧单列一章,并且致以"拳拳向往之意"。其原因是多方面的,一方面在于陈澧所处的时代与钱穆相似,即他们都处于学风转变的特殊时代;另一方面是缘于钱穆的高度社会责任感,因陈澧对于新学风的提倡而颇合钱穆"求人才,转世运"的殷切之望。%As an ordinary Confucian from cradle to grave, Chen li didn't play an important role in the academic history like Kang You wei in late Qing dynasty. Qian mu set up a chapter for Chen li and showed "a very admiring meaning" in his Chinese Academic History in Almost Three Hundred Years. This reflected Qian mu's subjective judgment for academic contexts. The reasons are various. On the one hand, there exist time similarities of Chen li and Qian mu, that is, they are in special times of study change. On the other hand, it is due to a high social sense of Qian mu, because Chen li's advocating for a new style of study complies with Qian mu's earnest hope of "seeking talents, reincarnation luck".

  13. 读陈寅恪《韦庄〈秦妇吟〉校笺》札记%Notes on Chen Yinge’s “Notes and Proof of Qinfuyin Written by Wei Zhuang”



    “The notes and proof of Qinfuyin written by Wei Zhuang” is one of Chen Yinge’s masterpieces that interprect poems by applying the approach of “Interprecting Poetry by History”. The article had aroused a upsurge in academia since it was published. Some scholars questioned that — Mr. Chen was in much doubt and believed that“Yangpuguan” was mistakenly written to “Yangzhenguan”. According to the actual geographic position and walking direction, they thought there was a contradiction. For this reason, I’m going to get back to the content of the poem itself, to prove its rationality about Chen’s guess with the historical records, from the point in time and route which Qin Fu ran to the east. Besides, I read “Qinfuyin” again and again and feel deeply that the rhythm is harmonious and the melody is exquisite. However, the long poem was widely circulated among people when it was born. I’ll venture to guess that maybe “Qinfuyin” was widely sung among many singers as a poem, exerting a profound influence, and then it had gradually swept over the fork.%《韦庄〈秦妇吟〉校笺》是陈寅恪先生“以史证诗”释诗方法的代表名篇之一,文章一经问世就在学界掀起了《秦妇吟》研究之风潮。其中不乏学者对陈先生“颇疑‘杨震关’实为‘杨仆关’之讹写”的猜测提出质疑,认为这一猜测与实际地望和行程相矛盾。鉴于此,笔者试图回归《秦妇吟》长诗文本本身,并结合史料,从“秦妇”东奔的时间节点和路线行程两个角度出发来佐证陈寅恪先生猜测的合理性。另外,笔者通过反复吟读《秦妇吟》一诗,较深地感受到这首长诗音韵之和谐、旋律之优美,而诗作诞生的当时,民间就广有流传,并被制为幛子悬挂,作者则被呼为“秦妇吟秀才”,与被称为“长恨歌主”的白居易并称佳话。一首诗歌竟能够产生如此深广的影响,笔者大胆猜

  14. 羅振玉日本教育考察與晚清學制制定的關係 Chen-Yu Lo’ Educational Visit to Japan and the Drafting of School Systems in Late Ch’ing

    周愚文 Yu-Wen Chou


    Full Text Available 羅振玉早年關心農業與教育,曾辦東文學社教日語,出版《農報》,譯農書,故受張之洞聘請,掌湖北農務局及農學堂。1901年辛丑詔改各省書院為學堂,獲張之洞與劉坤一共薦率員考察日本教育兩個月。先後訪談重要政教人物,參訪東京、京都、奈良等地學校24所,蒐購中小學教科書及理化器材。因時短、行程緊湊及語言限制,未讀前人考察紀錄,自認收穫有限。返國後,他曾獲張之洞五次接見,並命向鄂官員講說教育。又代張之洞擬教育制度草案欲與劉督會奏,但因劉屬官反對遂寢。他遂出版訪日紀錄及資料,並發表〈學制私議〉等文建議興學,部分被鄂參採。當朝廷擬訂壬寅及癸卯學制時,羅未參與而資料只供參考,但章程規定中小學堂學科八科及小學堂以學國語為主等二項,可能與其建議有關。隨行陳毅曾譯日教育法規並兩度遊日,起草奏定章程時,當不會只憑文獻閉門造車,但主政者乏直接經驗,故教育借用日制時難盡合國情。 Chen-Yu Lo had concern about agriculture and education. He was invited by Governor-General Chih-tung Chang to preside over the Agriculture Department of Hubei and its Agriculture School. In 1901, ordered by Chang and Governor-General Kun-I Liu, he led a group of delegates to visit educational institutions in Japan. Within two months, he discussed with influential politicians and educators, visited 24 schools in Tokyo, Kyoto, and Nara, and purchased elementary and secondary school textbooks and laboratory equipments. When he returned, he had five meetings with Chang, and lectured on education for Hubei officials. On behalf of Chang, Lo had drafted a new educational system, and it was to be presented to the throne by Chang and Liu, however, the proposal was withdrawn due to the objections of Liu’s subordinates. Later, Lo made the collected

  15. Determination of Carbofuran and Pirimicarb from Panax notoginseng (Burk.)F.H.Chen and Poria cocos (Schw.) Wolf%中药三七、茯苓中克百威和抗蚜威的测定

    张举成; 刘卫; 陈瑞; 杨金; 姚立华; 胡蓉绘


    [Aims] It was to develop the detection method of carbofuran and pirimicarb from Panax notoginseng (Burk.) F.H.Chen and Poria cocos (Schw.) Wolf. [Methods] The HPLC was employed to determine the carbofuran and pirimicarb from P. Notoginseng (Burk.) F.H.Chen and P. Cocos (Schw.) Wolf. [Results] The chromgraphy conditions was confirmed that the temperature was 30 °C, the velocity was 1 mL/min, the detection wavelength was 210 nm, and the mobile phase was water-acetonitrile (61.5 :38.5, by vol). The linear content of pirimicarb and carbofuran ranged from 1.99×10-4 to 9.95×l0-4μg (r=0.9987) and 1.97×10-4 to 9.85×10-4 μg (r=0.9947) respectively. The RSD of pirimicarb and carbofuran were 13.2 and 7.1% respectively. [Conclusions] The detection method was established and the two pesticides were undetected in the two Chinese herbs. The method had short retention time and the peak didn't overlap with the base material.%[目的]获得中药三七、茯苓中克百威和抗蚜威的检测方法.[方法]通过液相色谱法对中药三七和茯苓中的克百威和抗蚜威的检测方法进行研究.[结果]确定了较优液相色谱检测条件为柱温30℃,流速1 mL/min,检测波长210nm,流动相水-乙腈(体积比61.5:38.5).获得抗蚜威和克百威分别在1.99×10-4~9.95×10-4 μg(r=0.9987)和1.97×10-4~9.85×10-4μg(r=0.9947)范围内线性良好.克百威和抗蚜威的RSD值分别为13.2%和7.1%.[结论]获得了克百威和抗蚜威的检测方法,并且2种中药样品中不含有克百威和抗蚜威.该方法出峰快,能避开受试中药中基质的干扰.

  16. 论陈澧的学术经世思想与实践%An Analysis of Chen li' s Thought and Practice of Integrating Academic Study with Current Affairs



    陈澧由于受阮元及其所创设的学海堂学风的影响,为学尊尚汉学,并在文字音训考据等领域作出了突出的研究成就。但是,由于受到鸦片战争及太平天国运动等内忧外患的冲击,陈澧中年以后的治学旨趣发生转向,他一面批评汉学末流空疏无用,一面表示应该兼采宋学之长,并将学风看作扭转世风的根本之策。不过,他虽然关注时局、主张禁止鸦片、重视科技实学和工商业,但其言论与著述无非是为了发挥传统儒学中“道术”对“治术”的佐助作用,即以学术来调节社会现实危机和世道人心,而这些都不能从根本上解决晚清时期所遭遇的社会总体性危机。%Affected by the school of Ruan Yuan(1764-L1849) and Xuehaitang which was set up by Ruan in t 820, Chert Li(1810-1882) showed respect for the Han Learning and made splendid achievements in the field of the textual research of phonetics and etymology. But stimulated by domestic trouble and foreign invasion such as the Opium War and the movement of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom etc., Chen Li began to change direction of his study since middle age, and regarded the style of study as key way of reversing the manners of real life. On one hand, he criticized that the later and decadent stage of the Hart Learning indulged in empty talk and ineffec- tive study, and suggested to absorb the merit Of the Song Learning on the other hand. Chen Li much attention to the current affairs, wished to ban on opium-smoking and the opium trade and valued the importance of science and technology as well as industry and commerce. He expected his words and works play the adjuvant role of the "Daoshu" upon the "Zhishu" in the traditional Confucianism, which means to take the learning as the key res- cue of the social crises and manners, but what he did could not thoroughly resolve all of the social problems in the late Qing Dynasty.

  17. DNA Extraction and Ribosomal DNA-ITS Sequence Molecule Barcode Identification from Wood Tissue of Dalbergia odorifera T. Chen%降香黄檀木材DNA提取及rDNA-ITS序列条形码分子鉴定

    余敏; 张浩; 刘盛全; 金青; 李大周


    以不同产地人工林中采取的降香黄檀( Dalbergia odorifera T. Chen)木材为研究对象,提取并扩增不同温度处理后的降香黄檀心、边材DNA和ITS片段,分析不同温度处理对降香黄檀木材DNA提取和PCR扩增的影响;对不同产地的降香黄檀木材及其近缘种多裂黄檀( Dalbergia rimosa Roxb)木材的rDNA-ITS序列进行测定和差异分析。结果表明,25℃和65℃热处理后的木材DNA呈不同程度的弥散分布,105℃热处理后的木材DNA降解成250bp以下的小片段;不同温度处理后的降香黄檀木材,仅有25℃处理后的木材ITS片段能够被成功地扩增。降香黄檀和多裂黄檀ITS序列共存在6个变异位点且ITS2区变异大于ITS1区,聚类分析结果可以将降香黄檀及其近缘种多裂黄檀木材区分开来,为利用ITS条形码序列鉴定降香黄檀木材及其常见混伪品提供理论依据。%The wood of Dalbergia odorifera T. Chen originated from different sites of plantations were sampled as materials in this paper. DNA from the sapwood and heartwood of D. odorifera treated with various temperature was extracted and amplified for the internal transcribed space ( ITS) sequences. The effects of various temperature treatments on DNA extraction and amplification for target sequences were analyzed. The rDNA-ITS sequences of D. odorifera from different habitats and D. rimosa Roxb, a closely related species, were sequenced and their divergences were analyzed. The results showed that there were varying extents of diffusion with the DNA extracts from the heat treatment of 25℃ and 65℃, and the DNA from the heat treatment of 105℃ was degraded and smaller than 250bp. The ITS sequences can be amplified successfully from wood after 25℃ heat treatments. The distribution of vriations in ITS2 regions of D. odorifera and D. rimosa was larger than ITS1 regions and there were 6 variable sites in both of ITS regions. D. odorifera and D. rimosa could be

  18. Further Study of the Two-way Second Language AcquisitionMode--ADiscussionwithMr.ChenJianmin%再论第二语言双向习得研究模式--兼与陈建民先生商榷



    This paper analyses the defects in Chen Jianmin’s paper Study Mode of Second Language Acquisition ——A Case Study of the Degree Adverb“ 更 ”in Chinese and“ も っ と ”in Japanese. There are four defects. The argument is not rigorous;the comparative analysis is not thorough;the literary styles of corpora are not consistent;reasoning is not correct. About these defects, we use effective corpora to make comparative and error analyses of Chinese and Japanese degree adverbs, and introduce the future research tasks on the two-way second language acquisition.%本文分析了陈建明先生《第二语言习得研究模式初探——以汉语程度副词“更”和日语程度副词“もっと”的分析为例》一文存在的缺陷:立论有失严谨;对比分析不深入;对比分析使用的语料库的文体不一致;推理不正确。针对文章的缺陷,本文利用有效的语料对汉日程度副词再次进行了对比分析和误用分析,并提出今后双向二语习得研究的课题。

  19. 刘弼臣教授中医儿科“调肺学派”探源%Professor LIU Bi-chen's ‘the lung school thought’ in Chinese medicine academy of pediatrics



    Based on the learning and working experience of contemporary pediatrics masterof Chinese medicine LIU Bi-chen, as the main line, discusses the formation and development process and reasons for the formation of pediatric schools of traditional Chinese medicine 'regulating the lung school'. The professor LIU emphasized 'syndrome differentiation and treatment from five zang viscera, especially from lung theory', and lists the practical application of viewpoint in the clinical work. The article expounds the theoretical basis and the forming process of 'the Shao Yang theory' advocated by professor LIU, and resolved the dispute between 'Chun Yang theory' and 'Zhiyin Zhiyang theory' in the pediatrics of Chinese medicine in the long-term, and better explained the basic physiological and pathological characteristics of children, riched the basic theory of pediatrics of Chinese medicine.%文章以当代中医儿科大家刘弼臣教授的学习、从医经历为主线,论述了中医儿科流派“调肺学派”的形成和发展过程以及形成的原因,强调刘教授的“精于五脏证治,突出从肺论治”的学术观点,并列举该观点在临床工作中的实际应用.详细阐述了刘教授倡导的“少阳学说”的理论依据和形成过程,解决了长期在中医儿科界的“纯阳学说”和“稚阴稚阳学说”之争,较好的解释了儿童的基本生理和病理特点,丰富了中医儿科基本理论.

  20. “诗史互证”研究方法初探--以陈寅恪《读》为例%Mutual interpretation between poetry and history--Chen Yin-ke’s "read " as an example



    “诗史互证”包括“以诗证史”、“以史证诗”和“诗史互证”三个方面。自中国文学传统始,诗歌与历史同根共源,有着内在不可分离的联系。作为学术研究方法的“诗史互证”,充分结合了此二种文体的内在机制,以历史真实与文本真实相互参照,对文学作品的阐释视野进行了极大地拓展。本文以陈寅恪《读》的研究方法为例,讨论“诗史互证”研究方法在文学研究中的实践与缺憾。%Mutual interpretation between poetry and history includes prove history with poem, the poems in history, mutual interpretation between poetry and history three aspects. Since the beginning of Chinese literary tradition, people who share the common source, poetry and history have inherent integral connection. As academic research method of "people", fully combines the internal mechanism of the two kinds of style, with the historical truth and text real cross-references, explanations of literary works greatly extended. This paper takes Chen Yin-ke’s "read " as an example, discusses the practice and regret of mutual interpretation between poetry and history in the study of research methods in the literature.

  1. 风雨飘摇中的历史叙述——重读陈翔鹤历史小说的批评%A Precarious Historical Narration: Criticism on Chen Xianghe's Historical Novels



    60年代中期,陈翔鹤的历史小说受到批判主要集中在四个方面:对陶渊明的评价,借古讽今,嵇康的叛逆精神,历史背景.他的历史小说因为坚持个性化的历史叙述,偏离了主流文学的要求而受到批判,这种政治化的批评给当时的文学创作带来了十分有害的影响.虽然他的个性化创作受到过批评,但在文学史上仍有着深远的意义和影响,不仅推动了当时历史小说创作的小高潮,而且其创作方法对后来的新历史小说创作都有很大的启发性.%During the 60s last century, Chen Xianghet's historical novels had been criticized because of four aspects: his evaluation on Tao Yuanming, his writing being an irony to the modern time, his praise of Ji Kang's re-bellious spirit, and the historical background in his novels. Such personal narration of historical novels had been criticized because it had been considered to be a departure from the mainstream of literary creation. But this kind of criticism out of political motivation had done great harm to literary creation at that time. The author thinks that his historical novels, though being once criticized in the past, his personal narration style is still of significance in its promotion of the creation of historical novels at that time and in its influence on the creation of historical novels at present.

  2. A Review of Research on Chen Heqin's Thoughts on Early Childhood Education in the Past 30 Years%陈鹤琴幼儿教育思想研究30年发展概况

    杨颖慧; 张永英


    陈鹤琴逝世后的三十年间,有关陈鹤琴幼儿教育思想的研究大致经历了三个阶段;研究内容涉及其生平、活教育理论、儿童心理及其研究方法、各领域课程与教学、玩具与游戏、家庭教育、师范教育、特殊教育、比较研究以及实践应用研究等方面;研究成果呈现出量上不断丰富、质上日趋细化和深化的趋势,研究具有明显的时代特色。不过,相关研究仍存在内容重复、零散,方法单一等不足。陈鹤琴幼儿教育思想研究有待进一步向纵深拓展。%In the last 30 years since Chen Heqin's death, the research on his thoughts underwent three phases; the research contents involved his life, educational ideas, children's, psychology and research methodology, curriculum and teaching in various areas, toy play, family education, teacher education, special education, comparative study and application study, etc.; and the research results were increasingly rich in quantity and refined in quality with distinctive time specialty. However, repetition and disorganization in contents and monotony in methodology were detected in the research. Therefore, further research on Chen's thoughts should be encouraged.

  3. Chen Fa had Inherited and Carried forward the Theory of Traditional Solution "I Ching" Style%论陈法对传统解《易》体例的继承和发挥



    The solution I Ching style is reading the "I Ching",the basic principles and methods,which are mainly embodied in the home easy to hexagram and hexagrams words like the relationship between different answer.The relationship between different answer,it produces easy home different solution easy principle,for example,or main take like said,or main take righteousness,or take like,take righteousness and mining and so on.To take like or take righteousness as the foundation,easy home and put forward a series of careful reading style,such as Yao one said,trigram variable said,mutual body said,etc.Chen Fa have inherited and develop the traditional solution easy style in the easy depicting ",its easy research methods,get the affirmation of the author who has compiled "Catalogue Abstract of Four Treasures".%解易体例,即解读《周易》经、传的基本原则和方法,主要体现为易学家对卦爻象和卦象辞关系的不同回答。对这一关系的回答不同,就产生了易学家不同的解易原则,或主取象说,或主取义说,或取象、取义说兼采等等。以取象或取义说为基础,易学家又提出一系列细致的解读体例,如爻位说、卦变说、互体说等。陈法在《易笺》中继承和发挥了传统的解易体例,其易学研究方法,得到《四库全书提要》作者的肯定。

  4. To Study the Compatibility of the ErChen Decoction by Uniform Design of Experiments with Mixtures%混料均匀设计法研究二陈汤的配伍机制

    张超云; 赵清超; 黄显章; 席先蓉


    目的:研究二陈汤的配伍机制;方法:采用混料均匀试验设计对二陈汤方中组成药味及药量进行加减拆方,并选择止咳、化痰两个药理指标,对所得11个处方分别进行药理实验,采用关联度分析和二次多项式逐步回归分析将所得药理数据和处方组成进行处理,用现代科学方法研究二陈汤的配伍机制;结果:证明了方中以半夏为君、以陈皮为臣、佐以茯苓、使以甘草的配伍关系,与该复方中药的传统诠释相一致;结论:本研究为探讨复方总要的配伍机制提供了有意义的尝试.%Objective :To study the compatibility of the ErChen decoction;Methods:Ethanol extract test solutions of the different combinations were prepared according to the uniform design of experiments with mixtures ( U114 ), pharmacologic experiments,such as arresting cough,resolving phlegm. the diuretic effect were carried out with relationed grade analisis and quadratic stepwise regression analisis were applied to interrelationship between the amount of each drug and the pharmacologic data;Results :The results confirmed Rhizoma pinelliae and Pericarpium citri reticulatae are the basis medicines of the decoction,while Poria and Licorice are the adjuvant of it;Conclusion:This study provided a significant try of studying the compatibility of composite herbal medicines.

  5. Chen Yun' s Thinking on Carrying Forward Intra-Party Democracy Is of Great Value of Our time%陈云党内民主建设思想及其当代价值



    As an important member of the first and second generations of central collective leadership of the CPC, Chen Yun made contributions to Party building in both theories and practice .His thinking on carrying forward in- tra-Party democracy involves the system of intra- Party democratic activities, democratic centralism, democratization and scientization of policy making within the Party, relationship between democracy and legal systems, and expanding intra-Party democracy to develop people' s democracy. This thinking of his still has great value in the present period. Therefore, it is a must to further improve intra-Party democratic centralism, strengthen legal systems to guarantee democracy, constantly strengthen intra-Party supervision, and expand intra-Party democracy to develop and promote people' s democracy.%作为第一代、第二代中央领导集体的重要成员,陈云对党的建设从理论到实践都有重大建树。其党内民主建设思想涉及党内民主生活制度、民主集中制建设、党内决策的民主化和科学化、民主和法制的关系、发扬党内民主以带动人民民主等诸多方面。陈云的党内民主建设思想在现阶段仍然具有显明的价值:必须进一步完善党内民主集中制;加强法制建设以保障民主,不断加强党内监督;以发展党内民主带动和推进人民民主。

  6. Zhengxing Chen* and Wilna Oldewage-Theron

    One of the strategies to overcome the high .... sponsored by the Food and Agriculture Organization ... research institutions or industries, poor distribution networks .... often results in changes in colour and flavour due to ... fortificants that are more resistant to interaction with .... fortification could successfully reduce IDA [30-32].

  7. A Remark on Chen's Theorem (Ⅱ)

    Yingchun CAI


    Let p denote a prime and P2 denote an almost prime with at most two prime factors. The author proves that for sufficiently large x,∑ρ≤хр+2=P21 >1.13Cx/log2x, where the constant 1.13 constitutes an improvement of the previous result 1.104 due to J. Wu.

  8. Reinigung superhydrophober Oberflächen

    Dallmann, Silke


    The unique surface structure of the lotus leaf in combination with hydrophobic epicuticular wax crystalloids results in extreme water repellency and self-cleaning properties. In recent years biomimetic superhydrophobic surfaces have been fabricated by mimicking the structure of the lotus leaf. The biggest problem of the fine surface roughness is the sensitivity to oily contaminants and mechanical stress which limit the application of technical superhydrophobic sur...

  9. Detection of Oxidation Resisting Activity and Content of Flavonoid in Different ChenPi with HPLC%用HPCL 检测不同成药时间陈皮中类黄酮含量及其抗氧化活性



    目的:采用HPLC 法,检测不同成药时间陈皮中类黄酮含量及其抗氧化活性.方法:以柠檬酸- 乙酸铵缓冲液和甲醇为流动相,利用梯度洗脱,分析1 年、2 年、3 年、5 年陈皮中橘皮素、新橙皮苷、柚皮苷、橙皮苷、川陈皮素、槲皮素、芦丁、圣草枸杞苷的含量并利用FRAP 和DPPH 法评价不同成药时间陈皮提取物抗氧化活性.结果:5 年、3 年陈皮中8 种类黄酮组分的含量均高于1、2 年的陈皮和新鲜陈皮,5 年陈皮抗氧化活性高达11.07 mg/gDW.结论:陈皮的抗氧化活性与8 种类黄酮组分的总量呈显著正相关关系.%Objective: To determine contents of flavonoid and its oxidation resisting activity in different ChenPi (Citrus Reticulata) with HPLC. Method: Hesperetin, neohesperidin, naringoside, hesperidin, nobiletin, quercetin, me-lim and eriocitrin in ChenPi of one year, two years and five years were analyzed with gradient elution, in which mobile phase was citric acid-ammonium acetate buffer and methanol, and their oxidation resisting activities from different ChenPi were evaluated with FRAP and DPPH. Result: Contents of eight kinds of flavonoids in ChenPi of three years and five years were higher than that in ChenPi of one year, two years and fresh one, Oxidation resisting activity of extract from five years was up to 11.07 mg/g DW. Conclusion: There was notable positive relationship between total contents of eight kinds of flavonoids and their oxidation resisting activity.

  10. 论陈独秀文学思想的启蒙现代性和政治先锋性%On the Enlightenment Modernity and Political Pioneer Spirit of Chen Duxiu' s Literary Thought

    冯慧敏; 谢昭新


    陈独秀文学思想是在19世纪末和20世纪初思想启蒙运动中建立起来的。其文学思想带有鲜明的思想启蒙现代性和政治革命先锋性的特点。他的启蒙现代性主要是重视文学传播革命思想,唤起国民思想觉悟;吸收西方进步文化思想,批判封建旧文化、旧文学的彻底革命精神;他的政治“先锋性”主要以民主主义思想为指导,以政治革命为意图而发动文学革命,重视文学的政治功能,提倡文学为人生的现实主义原则,用全新的观念确立小说的文学正宗地位。%Founded in the Ideological Enlightenment Movement of the late 19th century and the early 20th century, Chen Duxiu' s literary thought was characterized by distinct enlightenment modernity and political revolu- tionary pioneer spirit. His enlightenment modernity lay in his heeding the dissemination of revolutionary ideas via literature to arouse the national ideological consciousness as well as in his thorough revolutionary spirit of absorbing the western progressive cultural thought and of criticizing the traditional feudal culture and literature. His political pioneer spirit was embodied in his launch of a literary revolution for a political revolution under the guidance of the democratic thought so as to value the political function of literature, to advocate the principle of realism--literature is for life, and to establish the authentic literary status of fiction via brand-new notions.

  11. The Evolution and Sharp Changes in the Transition -On the Transmutation of CHEN Zhongshi' s Novel Creation%过渡中的渐进和蜕变——论陈忠实小说创作的嬗变



    在过渡阶段的陈忠实清醒地意识到文化背景和地域环境对于人物性格形成和命运走向的重要性。《梆子老太》、《到老杨树背后去》等作品已开始关注和着力刻画历史文化背景和地域环境对人物心理与命运的影响,并以建构人物的文化心理结构为创作重心;《蓝袍先生》的写作则预示了作家关于对民族命运的宏大命题的思考,使作家萌发了更为巨大的艺术"野心",因而诞生了创作一部"民族秘史"的初衷。作者对以往的创作进行了深刻的反思,同时又注重对文学经典的吸纳,终于如凤凰涅槃般地完成了长篇巨制《白鹿原》的创作。%CHEN Zhongshi in the transition acutely awares the important of cultural backgrounds and geographical environment for the formation and destiny trend of characters. Such works as Bang Zi Lao Tai,Dao Lao Yang Shu Bei Hou Que,etc. begin to pay attention to and delineate the influence of cultural backgrounds and geographical environment on characters' osvehology and destiny, and take the construction of characters' Lan Pao Xian Sheng indicates cultural and psychological structure the writer' s thinking about national sprout great artistic "ambitions", so coming into being the original as creative focus. The writing of destiny, which makes the writer intention of creating "a national secret history". The writer carries on a profound reflection on past works,and pays attention to absorbing literary classics ,finally completes the long masterpiece Bai Lu Yuan.

  12. On Research of the Era of Kechang Chen Became Immortal in the Dragon Boat Festival%《陈可常端阳仙化》为明代作品考

    田冬梅; 张颖夫


    "San Yan"are the best novels' collections of vernacular short stories in ancient China. There are still lots of controversies and research space about the novels' creative era. Through investigation, the author believes that the novel of Kechang Chen Became Immortal in the Dragon Boat Festival was created in the Ming Dynasty. First of all, the author questioned the previous researching point of view that they thought the novel was written in the Song Dynasty;secondly, according to the differences of the criminal justice system in the Song, the Yuan, the Ming Dynasty, the change of "Samen Island" territorial right, proved that the novel couldn't be written in the Southern Song Dynasty;finally, according to the administrative divisions' history of the "Wenzhou government" and "Lin'an government", the author proved that the novel was written in the Ming Dynasty.%  “三言”是中国古代成就最高的白话短篇小说集,关于其中作品的成书时代依然存在着很大的争议和研究空间。《警世通言·陈可常端阳仙化》一文,胡士莹和郑振铎两位先生认为是宋人话本,实则应为明代作品。首先,对前人提出的“宋人话本”说的研究观点提出质疑;其次,根据宋元明时期刑法制度的差异,“沙门岛”领土所属权的变化,证明这篇作品绝非创作于南宋时期;最后,根据“温州府”和“临安府”行政区划的历史沿革,进一步证明这篇小说为明代作品。

  13. Loss of Genetic Diversity of Domesticated Panax notoginseng F H Chen as Evidenced by ITS Sequence and AFLP Polymorphism: A Comparative Study with P. stipuleanatus H T Tsai et K M Feng

    Shi-Liang ZHOU; Gao-Ming XIONG; Zhong-Yi LI; Jun WEN


    In the present study, we evaluated the genetic diversity of Panax notoginseng F H Chen, a domesticated species, and P. stipuleanatus H T Tsai et K M Feng, an endangered wild species in southeastern Yunnan and adjacent areas in Vietnam, using sequences of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) regions of nuclear ribosomal DNA and amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) markers. Twenty-four accessions from three plantations of P. notoginseng and 51 samples from eight populations of P. stipuleanatus were assayed. A total of 694 bp of partial sequences of 18S, ITS 1, 5.8S, ITS2, and partial sequences of 26S were obtained. No sequence variation was detected within P. notoginseng and nine sites (1.30%) were variable in P. stipuleanatus. Two-thirds of the variable sites were found between Langqiao and other populations. In P. notoginseng, four pairs of AFLP primer combinations generated 312 bands, of which 240 (76.9%) were polymorphic and 60.15% of the polymorphisms were harbored within plantations. Approximately 41.0% and 66.9% of bands were polymorphic in population D7 and 5589, respectively. In P.stipuleanatus, the same four primer combinations produced 346 bands, of which 334 (96.5%) were polymorphic and approximately 62.14% of polymorphisms were maintained within populations. Considerable variations were observed. The percentage of polymorphic bands ranged from 50.2% to 84.9% and the average over populations was 70.9%. Cluster analysis did not show correlation of genetic differentiation with the distinctive leaf morphology of P. stipuleanatus (i.e. one form with bipinnatifid leaflets and the other with undivided leaflets). Because over 40% of genetic variations were maintained among populations and because of the very restricted distribution of P. stipuleanatus, all natural populations of this species should be conserved in situ. Considering that there are variations in P. notoginseng within and among plantations, we suggest establishing a genetic resource

  14. On the Academic History Value of Paperback Books Collected by Chen Yuan--A Concurrent Discussion on the Value of the National Library ’s Book Collection from Social Donation%陈垣藏平装本图书的学术史价值--兼论国图馆藏社会捐赠图书的价值



    接受社会捐赠,是图书馆馆藏资源建设的重要途径。文章以国家图书馆所藏著名历史学家、校勘学家陈垣先生赠书中的平装本图书为切入点,通过对陈垣先生治学之路的总括,深入分析了陈垣先生所藏平装本图书的来源——朋友圈、同事圈、学生圈之间的往来投赠,揭示了陈垣藏平装本图书的学术史价值。文章通过对陈垣平装本图书的分析,提出应该重视图书馆社会捐赠图书的整理与研究。%Accepting social donation is an important approach of library resource construction. With the paperback book collection in the National Library donated by Mr. Chen Yuan( a famous historian and emenda⁃tor) as the breakthrough point, this article, by an overall summary of his way of academic research, has a deep analysis of the sources of Mr. Chen Yuan ’s paperback book collection---gift exchanges from circles of friends, colleges and students, and it reveals the academic history value of those books. Through an analysis of Chen Yuan’s paperback books, the article proposes that importance should be attached to the reorganization, revela⁃tion and research of the library ’s books from social donation.

  15. Epania gressitti Huang, Chen & Cai, a new species intercepted in imported ebony timber from Papua New Guinea at Hainan port%海南口岸从巴新进境柿属木材中截获天牛新种——嘉氏萎鞘天牛

    蔡波; 敖苏; 韩玉春; 徐卫; 刘福秀; 林明光; 李伟东; 韩晓晖; 李治道


    海南口岸从巴布亚新几内亚进境柿属(Diospyros sp.)木材中截获一种天牛,经鉴定为天牛新种——嘉氏萎鞘天牛(Epania gressitti Huang,Chen&Cai,2014).本文对该种的形态特征进行了重描述,增加雄性生殖器的形态描述,并编制近似种检索表,供检疫鉴定时参考.

  16. Chemical Composition and Antibacterial Activity of the Essential Oils from Dalbergia odorifera T.Chen%海南花梨木花精油成分分析及其抑菌活性研究

    陈丽霞; 刘胜辉; 陈歆; 彭黎旭


    采用GC-MS联用技术检测了海南花梨木鲜花花精油的化学组成及相对含量,并采用苯醚甲环唑作为对照测定了该精油对香蕉枯萎病菌的抗菌活性.花精油中共鉴定出17种成分,包括烷烃类(53.33%)、邻苯二甲酸二丁酯(14.02%)、邻苯二甲酸二异辛酯(4.37%)、9,12-十八碳二烯酸(14.00%)、α-香树精(8.37%)、1-三十烷醇(2.57%)和二十八烷醇(1.45%)等.抑菌试验表明,花精油和苯醚甲环唑对香蕉枯萎病菌具有一定的抑制作用,其抑制作用随着处理浓度的加大而增强;在接种培养初期,苯醚甲环唑对香蕉枯萎病菌产生明显的抑制作用而花精油不明显,随着时间的延长,花精油对香蕉枯萎病菌的抑制作用逐渐变强,并在7d后与苯醚甲环唑的抑制作用无明显差异.%Chemical constituents and their contents of the essential oils from the flower of Dalbergia odorifera T. Chen were examined by GC-MS and then the anti-microbial activities of the essential oils to Fusarium oxysporum f. Sp. Cubense were tested. Quantitative determination was conducted using area normalization method. There were 17 chemical constituents identified in the essential oils. The major ones of the constituents were alkanes (53.33%), Dibutyl phthalate (14.02%)、 1, 2-Benzenedicarboxylic acid, diisooctyl ester (4.37%), 9,12-Octadecadienoic acid (14.00%), a-Amyrin (8.37%), 1, 30-Triacontanediol (2.57%), 1-Octacosanol (1.45%). The essential oils exhibited antimicrobial activities against Fusarium oxysporum f. Sp. Cubense. Variance analysis suggested that there was a significant difference of antimicrobial activity between essential oisl and difenoconazole at the beginning after treatment After 7 days, there was no significant difference in antimicrobial activity against Fusarium oxysporum £ sp. Cubense.

  17. 海南岛降香黄檀区系组成与群落特征分析%Floristic Composition and Community Characteristics of Dalbergia odorifera T. Chen, an Endemic Species to Hainan Island

    杨冬华; 陈福; 宋希强; 罗冠勇; 徐庆


    As an endemic specie to Hainan, Dalbergia odorifera T. Chen belongs to the second national-class important wild conservative plant, which not only used as a superior material timber for high-grade furniture and elegant handicraft, but also as a famous traditional Chinese medicine. We investigated wild population in Hainan island that showed there were 43 families of vascular plants including 68 genera and 71 species in Dalbergia odorifera wild community without obvious dominant family. The proportion of single-species families and the monotypic genera was high. The geographic element of the community flora was multiple, and predominant with tropical element. The wild community was distributed in two different habitats: the Limestone habitat and the Granite habitat. Dalbergia odorifera was adaptable to soil fertility and pH value. Excessive logging and habitat loss became main factors for this species to be seriously damaged. According to 1UCN criterion, it is regarded as to be CE (critically endangered) species. Therefore, scientific conservation strategy is put forward in this paperand acclimatization theory is provided which not only help to guide market demand but also support the sustainable utilization.%降香黄檀为国家二级重点保护野生植物.海南特有种.是制造高档家具和精美工艺品的上好材料及名贵药材。通过对海南降香黄檀自然分布区实地调查.发现降香黄檀群落包括维管束植物43科68属71种;优势科不明显。单种科和单种属所占比例较大;群落植物区系地理成分多样,以热带成分为主;野生群落分布于石灰岩生境和花岗岩生境两种生境类型;对土壤肥力和酸碱度有一定的适应幅度;其野生资源过度采伐,生境遭到严重破坏。按IUCN濒危等级标准评估.处于“极危濒危”状态。针对降香黄檀濒危现状和原因,提出科学的保育策略。研究结果为该物种的引种驯化提供基础依

  18. A Noble Character and Poetry Quality---Doubled as the Preface to Selected Poem of Chen Yi the Six Languages Version%人品诗品双高洁--《陈毅诗选》联合国六种工作语言版序



    As an admirer and successor of Marshal Chen Yi, with his deep reverence and memory, the author analyzed the qualities and feelings displayed in the poems composed during Chen Yi’s revolutionary career, which were a sense of historical mission of being loyal to the Motherland, lofty sentiments of civilian supremacy, an exemplary conduct and noble character of being broad-minded toward others and strict self-discipline and a diplomatic philosophy of good neighborly friendship and mutual respect.%作为陈毅元帅的崇拜者与继任者,满怀崇敬与缅怀之情,结合陈毅元帅的革命生涯,探析了陈毅诗歌表现出的对祖国无限忠诚的历史使命感,人民至上的崇高情怀,宽以待人、严于律己的高风亮节以及国际间睦邻友好、相互尊重的外交理念。

  19. The Dynamic, Natural and Poetic Language of Individuality -A Case Study of Chen Yingsong' s Collected Works%生活、自然、诗化的个性语言——以《陈应松文集》为例



    陈应松以其“荆楚”尤其是“神农架系列”小说的独特的语言个性,正在逐步形成自己的艺术风格,且语言个性愈来愈鲜明。小说较多地使用方言俚语和“四字句”。动词的应用是写作者“匠心独运”的结果。诗化语言、诗意盎然的文本意境、散文笔法、排比句式、快节奏的叙事技巧等都构成了小说不可忽视的个性特点。%Chen Yingsong' s novels are of unique Shenguong Jia" featuring their special individuality linguistic traits, as is evident in "the novel series on , their unique artistic style and their increasingly individual lan- guage, because in the novels can be found an enormous use of dialects, slang words and "four-character sen- tences" as well as the use of the verb--the result of the writer' s exercise of his inventive mind. In short, the poetic language, the textual mood with the poetic quality, the prose style, the sentence pattern of parallelism, and the fast-paced narrative skill, etc. have constituted the assignable features of individuality in Chen' s novels.

  20. Pseudosasa zhongyanensis S.H.Chen, K.F.Huang et H.Z.Guo,a New Species of Pseudosasa of Bambusoideae from China%中国竹亚科矢竹属一新种——中岩茶秆竹

    陈松河; 黄克福; 郭惠珠; 蔡邦平


    A new species of the genus Pseudosasa Makino ex Nakai of Bambusoideae from China, P. zhongyanensis S. H. Chen, K. F. Huang et H. Z. Guo, which was found to grow in Xiamen Wan-shi Mountain and Xiamen Tian-zhu Mountain, Fujian Province, is described and illustrated in this paper. This new species is similar to P. amabilis ( McClure) Keng f. but differs by having distinct residuum, when the culm-sheathes falls, and su-berine sticking out around the basic culm-sheathes scar, the culm-sheathes scar is taller than culm scar, small and eversion culm-sheathes ear on the culm-sheathes upside, wrinkle and curving oral setae on the culm-sheathes ear edge, nearly glabrous or some short pubescences occasionally on the culm-sheathes tongue.%描述了竹亚科矢竹属一新种——中岩茶秆竹(Pseudosasa zhongyanensis S.H.Chen,K.F.Huang et H.Z.Guo).本种与茶秆竹(P.amabilis(McClure) Keng f.)相近似,但箨环具明显箨基残留物和木栓质隆起,高于秆环,箨鞘顶端具小型外翻箨耳,耳缘具皱曲繸毛,箨舌几无毛或有短柔毛.,易于区别.

  1. From the Perspective of Marxism in China :Analysis the Economic Theory of CHEN Yun%陈云经济思想探析——以马克思主义中国化为研究视角



    CHEN Yun as an important member of the central leadership , Who has contributed to china'economic development greatly. It's economic theory rich the Marx' Materialist dialectics ,develop the economic theory of Marx, implement the mass viewpoint and line of Materialism. From the perspective of Marxism in china , comprehensively analysis the economic the- ory of CHEN Yun which has great theoretical and practical significance.%陈云作为我国第一、二代中央领导集体的重要成员,为我国经济建设作出了突出贡献。其经济思想既丰富和发展了马克思主义的唯物辩证法思想,又创造性地发展了马克思主义的经济学理论,并将唯物史观的群众观点和群众路线落到了实处。陈云的经济思想是马克思主义中国化进程中的具体成果。

  2. 底层青年的求生探索--论石一枫的中篇小说《世间已无陈金芳》%Survival Exploration on Underlying Youth---On Shi Yifeng’s novella There is no more Chen Jinf ang in the world



    Shi Yifeng's novella There is no more Chen Jinf ang in the world ,focuses on the outsider , Chen Jinfang ,wants to take root in Beijing and will amount to a thing .Although being laughed ,and taunted ,she paid all the costs for success .However ,a person is not looked upon with favor just because his harder work than others ,she is still living in the lower level of society .The whole story is shrouded in an atmosphere of sadness .The survival exploration of the underlying youth has become a common concern of many w riters .%石一枫的中篇小说《世间已无陈金芳》讲述了外来者陈金芳想要扎根北京,混出点名堂的故事。虽然被人嘲讽、备尝艰辛,但为了成功陈金芳可以付出一切的代价,然而老天并没有因为她比别人更加努力而垂青她,她依然沉沦于生活底层。整个小说的叙述氛围都笼罩在悲凉的气氛中。底层青年的求生探索已成为众多作家共同关注的社会现象。

  3. 高师田径运动会陈骥背越式跳高技术的生物力学研究%Biomechanics Research on Fosbury Flop High Jump Techniques of Chen Ji in Track and Field Games among Normal Universities

    梁铁怀; 姚辉洲


    The research uses two high -speed cameras to take pictures of Chen Ji’s Fosbury Flop high jump techniques demonstrated in The Sixth Track and Field Games among Normal Universities and adopts video analysis system of Beijing Sport University to analyze his technical movement.By a comparative analysis between the analyzed movement technical parameters and that of elite athletes at home and abroad,the paper tries to identify the gap between high jump techniques of Chen Ji and other high jumpers and provide scientific basis and information support for targeted training.%采用两台高速摄像机对参加第六届高师田径运动会跳高比赛的运动员陈骥的背越式跳高技术动作进行拍摄,并采用北京体育大学视讯解析系统对其技术动作进行解析,将获得的运动技术参数与国内外优秀运动员的技术参数进行对比分析,从而找出该运动员跳高技术上存在的差距,为有针对性的训练提供科学依据及信息支持。

  4. 去象征化世界中的诗歌书写——关于陈贞诗歌日常化叙事的思考%Poems written in the de-symbolized world:Some reflections on the daily narration of CHEN Zhen' s poetry



    As the modernization improves people' s living standard, the world of mythological symbol has been declined. On the basis of attention to daily narration and individuality narration, CHEN Zhen' s poetry attempts to observe the disappearance of symbolic order, and endow the description objects with new metaphors. Meanwhile, in the plain and simple statement, CHEN Zhen' s poems also induce us to think about the desymbolized world by cognition and criticism of modernization.%现代化大潮在改善人们物质生活的同时,也导致了神话象征世界的失落。陈贞的部分诗歌,正是以象征秩序的消逝为一种看的参照,在关注日常化叙事和个体性叙事的基础上,对失去了传统象征魅力的描述对象重新赋予新的隐喻。与此同时,在质朴而客观的陈述态度中,陈贞诗歌也以对现代性的认知和批判为契机,引导我们思考世界是如何被去象征化的。

  5. Creating the Spiritual Utopia for Females in the Confusing world——on the Plight of Contemporary Intellectual Females from Chen Ran's Private Life%在迷乱的尘世构建女性精神乌托邦——从陈染的《私人生活》看当代知识女性的生存困境



    陈染在长篇小说里,为倪拗拗构建了一个精神乌托邦,但接连的现实悲剧让内心深处的精神乌托邦幻灭后,她只能寻求另一种自我拯救的方式——在自我圈定的世界里达到超然.文本所蕴涵的象征性的剖析是具现实性的,陈染在深刻反思生命、本源、意识和人性等重大的前沿问题时,也让更多的人来关注和探求当代知识女性的精神出路问题.%Chen Ran created a utopia for Ni Niuniuin in his novel Private Life, but with the succession of the tragedies Ni is disillusioned with the spiritual utopia at he bottom of her heart, and has no choices but to find her own way of self-rescue, that is, to be transcendent in her own defined world. The symbolic analysis of the novel is realistic. Apart from his profound self-examination of the forefront major issues such as life, origin, consciousness and human nature, Chen Ran urges more and more people to concern and explore the inner world of contemporary intellectual females.

  6. The 2011 Symposium of Cancer Rehabilitation and Palliative Care Committee, Hubei, China was held in Wuhan, China Professor Yuan Chen was elected as the new chairmen of Cancer Rehabilitation and Palliative Care Committee, Hubei, China%2011年湖北省癌症康复与姑息治疗学术年会在武汉召开——同济医院陈元教授当选为新一届主任委员

    Yi Cheng


    @@ On Dec.9th, 2011, the 2011 Symposium of Cancer Rehabilitation and Palliative Care Committee, Hubei was held in Wuhan, China.The symposium was hosted by Cancer Rehabilitation and Palliative Care Committee, Hubei, and jointly undertaken by Tongji Hospital, China.More than 100 cancer experts, clinicians and nurses participated in the conference.Professor Yuan Chen, from Tongji Cancer Center, Tongji Hospital, China, was elected as the new chairmen of Cancer Rehabilitation and Palliative Care Committee, Hubei, China.

  7. Chen Jitang’s Proposal on Psychological Transformation--Compared with Sun Yat-sen's Psychological Construction Thought%论陈济棠的心理改造主张--兼与孙中山的心理建设思想相比较



      During his term in Guangdong, Chen Jitang had laid stress on moral construction by psychological transformation. The purpose of this move, on the one hand, was to consolidate its dominant position in Guangdong by controlling people's minds; and on the other hand, was to show his deep concerns of society at that time, in which the public moral was both in a downward spiral and of a morally corrupt status quo. He tried his efforts to bring changes to that situation, and lay a good mass psychological basis for the hope of the national rejuvenation. Chen Jitang’s analysis and comment on the social morbid psychology of the society at his time still have reference value for people today. This paper compares psychological transformation advocated by Chen Jitang with Sun Yat-sen's psychological construction thought, so as to have a comprehensive and objective understanding about Chen’s psychological transformation.%  陈济棠主政广东期间,一直非常强调通过心理改造加强道德建设。此举一方面是为了控制人心,以巩固自己在广东的统治地位;另一方面亦显示出他对当时社会世风日下、道德败坏现状的深沉忧虑,并力图加以改观,为民族复兴奠定良好的民众心理基础。陈济棠当年对社会病态心理的分析和针砭,至今亦仍有值得我们惕厉的内容。本文还将陈济棠的心理改造主张与孙中山的心理建设思想进行了比较,以期更加全面客观地认识陈氏的心理改造主张。

  8. The Exchange and Coexistence of Body and Soul——Interpretation of the Death of Chen Bailu in the Stage Play Sunrise%肉体与灵魂的交流共生——总政话剧团版《日出》中陈白露悲剧的艺术处理

    任慧丹; 唐杨


    曹禺话剧在导演王延松率领下,以明星版的阵容重现舞台.新版戏剧中陈白露成为全剧的中心人物,她的灵魂和肉体在鸟笼子般的现实世界中挣扎求生,最终走向了肉体的死亡和灵魂的飞翔.%Cao Yu' s stage play sunrise, led by the director Wang Yansong, reproduced to the stage in the version of famous stars' line-up. Chen Bailu became the central figure in the new version of the stage play. Her soul and body struggled for survival in the realistic world like a bird cage and ultimately made. for the death of body and the flight of soul.

  9. 古今中西之間--陳垣與20世紀中國史學%Between the Ancient and the Present and between China and the West:Prof. Chen Yuan and Chinese Historiography in the 20 th Century



    Every historian should answer two questions related to each other, i. e. what is the relationship between history and reality and what is that between historiography and reality. Moreover, Chinese historians should answer other two questions also re-lated to each other, namely what is the relationship between China and the West and what is that between Chinese culture and Western culture. Based on their own outlook on the ancient and the present as well as on China and the West, every conscious Chinese historian of the 20 th century was bound to cherish a definite sense of responsi-bility and determined what role they played and what way they chose when taking on this responsibility. The present paper expounds Prof. Chen Yuan’ s answers to the above questions andhis practice concerned with them in the four stages of his lifetime.

  10. 海南香枝木与越南香枝木木材构造特征比较解剖研究%Comparative anatomical research on the wood structure between Dalbergia odorifera T.Chen and D.rimosa Roxb

    李桂兰; 徐峰; 罗建举; 李英健; 蓝方敏


    对海南香枝木和越南香枝木木材构造特征进行比较解剖研究.结果表明;两者的宏观构造在材色气味、纹理结构等方面有较大的差异.微观构造特征的差异主要表现在木射线的种类、射线细胞的形态、射线组织的类型;其余解剖特征差异则不明显.海南香枝木的树种名称为降香黄檀(Dalbergia odorifera T.Chen),越南香枝木的树种名称为多裂黄檀(D.rimosa Roxb.).

  11. Mr.CHEN Ying-long of Chengjiang acupuncture school: a brief introduction%艺高德馨用神针 永垂世范海内外——记澄江学派传人陈应龙先生

    朱安宁; 张建斌; 孙孝忠; 孟宪军


    Through consultation of the historical literatures on Mr. CHEN Ying-long, investigating his teaching experiences in Xiamen Hospital of TCM and Xiamen University, the characteristics of his educational idea on acupuncture-moxibustion, are found as follows: great significance is found in the dissemination of Chengjiang acupuncture school in Minnan area of China and abroad through the combination of the succession of education from a masters to disciples and the classroom teaching; importance is attached to medical ethics, and priority is put on building up ethics and teaching by precept and example. In order to inherit the Chengjiang acupuncture school, Mr. CHEN focuses on fostering a proper studying method, emphasizes on the basic skills of acupuncture, reinforces clinical practice and techniques, edits books, and imparts knowledge and solves doubts.%查阅陈应龙先生的相关历史文献,考察其在厦门市中医院和厦门大学任教的经历,总结陈先生的针灸教育思想,发现具有如下特色:继承承门师承教育和课堂教学结合的教育思想,教书育人,立足闽南,推广海外,为澄江针灸学派在闽南地区和海外的传播发挥了重要作用;重视树立学生的医德观,以德为先,言传身教;注重培养学生的学习方法,重视针灸基本功,加强实践,强化技能;著书立说,授业解惑,使澄江针灸学术得以传承.

  12. New Evidence of the Life Story of Kong Yuan’s Uncle Chen Bingsheng--A Monographic Study on Kong Yuan (八)%孔原胞叔陈丙生身世新证--孔原研究专题(八)



    The research on Kong Yuan’s uncle Chen Bingsheng is an indispensible part of the study of Kong Yuan. There was a breakthrough in the previous investigation. The descendants of Bingshen’s two orphan daughters were found and interviewed. It was discovered that Bingsheng’s name is in his son-in-law’s family genealogy. New evidence was found with the 1939 version of Kong Yuan’s original family genealogy obtained recently. Compared with the 1939 version, the 1944 version has got the information of Kong Yuan’s mother Chen, stepmother Yao and uncle Tongyin (Bingsheng) added, which further reveals that Bingsheng is the uncle of Kong Yuan, a blood relative.%提孔原胞叔陈丙生之论,是研究孔原不可分割的组成部分。前阶段性调查的突破性进展,是寻访到丙生所遗两孤女的后人,访见到两孤女夫家族谱牒所载丙生之名。近期调查新证据是又获孔原本宗1939编陈氏联修谱,与1944版比较,1944版谱新增孔原生母龚氏、继母姚氏、弟铁怀,孔原胞叔同寅(丙生)四人资讯,进一步揭示了丙生为孔原胞叔的血亲关系。

  13. 写在《水漫金山》播出时——访《哪吒传奇》《美猴王》《水漫金山》动画总导演陈家奇%Writing on the Broadcast of "Flooding of Jinshan Temple" --An interview with Chen Jiaqi, the animation director of "The Legend of Nezha", "Monkey King" and "Flooding of Jinshan Temple"

    李南; 孙哲


    Yan Dingxian, the second director of China Animation Film Studio once called Chen Jiaqi " Old Chen", which indicates somewhat fame of Jiaqi in animated film production. Nowadays TV has replaced the cinema and become the first platform of animation broadcasting, and because CCTV is different from the local stations, the animated works produced by Chen Jiaqi have taken a very important position in the CCTV key animation products and have consciously inherited the mainstream of Chinese culture and the good quality of the classic animation of the Animation Film Studio. Since this interview with Chen Jiaqi is really a reflection of the talents, environment, technology and the actual situation of our animation industry, it is the objective thinking and description of contemporary Chinese animation.%当下电视已取代影院成为动画播出第一平台,中央电视台又区别于地方台,陈家奇导演的作品占据了央视重点动画的可观一席。陈家奇动画作品自觉传承着中国主流文化与美影厂经典动画的优良品质。此次陈家奇访谈真实地反映出目前中国动画业界人才、环境、技术的现状对当下中国动画进行客观地思索与描述。

  14. 财政赤字、通货膨胀与债务危机——陈云对赤字财政的有关思想及其现实启示%The Fiscal Deficit, the Inflation and the Debt Crisis:Chen Yun's Philosophyon the Financial Policy and its Implications in Modem Times



    “坚决不打赤字财政”,是陈云一贯而鲜明的主张,因为在他看来,财政赤字与通货膨胀密不可分。建国初期,我国人民饱受通货膨胀之苦,而“币值下跌、物价上涨的主要原因,是政府的财政赤字庞大”。因此,陈云力主财政安排留有余地,尽量避免出现赤字,尤其忌讳将赤字用于投资。在这一思想的主导下,计划经济时期我国财政预算保持平衡,物价基本稳定。新时期以来,我国经济体制和市场环境发生重大变化,财政赤字渐成常态,相应地物价亦呈不断上涨趋势。尽管近年来连年出现的财政赤字主要依靠发行公共债务来弥补,但这终究不是长久之计,当下的欧债危机警醒了我们,陈云提出的“建设规模的大小必须和国家财力物力相适应”是一条不变的真理。%As we know Chen Yun insists on "Budget Balance and no deficit financing"~and he thinks that the fiscal deficit drives the inflation. Due to substantial fiscal deficit , Chinese people suffered severe mass inflation and rapid currency devaluation in the early 1950s. At that time, Chen Yun oversaw economic policy and tried his best to keep the balance of budget to drive down deficit. It was knowed as the policy of "resistance , stablization and con- struction". In his effort, the budget of central government was sustainable and the price level was stable during Chi- nese planning economy period. Since the reform and opening policy, there have been dramatic changes in the fields of economic system and the market environment. The fiscal deficit has grown gradually, driving the general price level upward. Nowadays, the central government issued the public bonds to offset the deficit, but the deficit finan- cing is a makeshift. Under the circumstance of the European sovereign debt crisis, we learn that "the government' s spending should assort with its financial strength ", issued by

  15. 把高海拔的雪花带回低海拔的生活--陈劲松散文诗文本简读%Bringing High Altitude Snow Back to the Life of Low Altitude:a Brief Reading of Chen Jinsong's Prose Poem Texts



    陈劲松是一位纯净的散文诗人。他长年生活在青海格尔木,因此他的文本中有诸多明亮的高原意象:湖水、雪山、月光、鹰隼、青稞、冰雪、花香、麦子,这些自然元素,成为他喻指心灵和生命精神的重要代码,也为文本意境的扩展和意义的生成注进了活性。诗人对物象精神品质的把握和对人本价值观的开掘有敏锐的认知,作品呈显了他“劝诫”的美学对现实社会巧妙的批判。他的文本呈现出冰雪般的魅力:一是纯净的价值观与纯净的精神本质;二是“劝诫”的美学与批判现实主义;三是高原的精神征象成为文本的元素。陈劲松散文诗的魅力,还体现在他对语言精到的打磨和对人性的隐秘中心的打造上。%Chen Jinsong is a pure prose poet. As he has lived for years in Golmud, Qinghai, there are many bright images of plateau in his texts: lake water, snow mountain, moonlight, hawk, highland barley, ice and snow, lfower fragrance and wheat. These natural elements have become signiifcant codes that are used to refer to mind and the spirit of life, having injected activity into the expansion of artistic conception and the generation of meaning. The poet has acute perception of how to grasp the spiritual quality of images and how to explore the values of human, and his works show skillful criticism of social reality with his “exhortation” aesthetics. His texts present the charm as snow and ice: The ifrst is pure value and spiritual essence; the second is “exhortation” aesthetics and critical realism; and the third is the spiritual signs of plateau becoming the elements of texts. The charm of Chen Jinsong’s prose poetry is also relfected in his ability of polishing language and building the center of secret human nature.

  16. 新时期陈云对抵御执政风险问题的战略思考及其当代价值%Chen Yun' s Strategic Thinking on Defense against Risks in Governance in the New Era and its Contemporary Values



    陈云对抵御执政风险问题的战略思考有其深刻的背景因素,是他总结历史、面对现实、着眼未来综合性认识的成果。陈云对抵御执政风险问题的战略思考包括对党和国家的政治发展、经济发展、民生建设、精神文明建设、党的建设等多方面。这种思考表现出强烈的忧患意识,对我们今天居安思危、拒腐防变具有很强的警示作用;蕴含着深刻的科学理念对我们今天把握规律、安全执政具有重要的指导作用;体现出坚定的理想信念,对我们今天排除干扰、奋勇前行具有巨大的激励作用。%Chen Yun's strategic thinking on defense against risks in governance has profound background factors. It is an achievement of comprehension drawn from reviewing the history, facing the reality, and looking to the future. Chen Yun' s strategic thinking on defense against risks in governance includes quite a few aspects for the Par- ty and the country such as political development, economic development, people' s livelihood building, spiritual civilization building, and party building. This type of thinking illustrates forceful awareness of potential dangers and has strong alerting effects for us today to stay prepared for adversities in times of peace and to resist corruption and decadence. Its profound scientific ideas have important guiding effects for us today to grasp the laws and govern safely. Its firmly embodied ideals and beliefs have great motivation effects for us today to clear obstacles and forge ahead.

  17. 新中国职业化舞蹈教育事业的开拓者和奠基人——纪念舞蹈教育家陈锦清诞辰90周年%Founder of Professional Dance Education in People's Republic of China-In Honor of 90~(th) Birthday of Dance Educator Madam Chen Jinqing



    本文对我国著名的舞蹈教育家,新中国职业化舞蹈教育事业的一位主要开拓者与奠基人,北京舞蹈学院首任院长陈锦清,围绕着师资培养、教材建设两个方面如何开创新中国职业化舞蹈教育事业进行了历史的回顾,由此强调要进一步认识北京舞蹈学院的优良传统,以及如何继承和发扬这些优良传统。纪念老院长陈锦清,是为了学习她善于抓住主要问题的决策能力,以及在多种矛盾交织的状况下,一不退却,二不拒绝,积极担当,闯出一条符合中国特色职业化舞蹈教育发展道路的开创精神,在这种精神的引领下,努力建设中国特色舞蹈高等教育体系。%This essay has reviewed in retrospect what Madam Chen Jinqing,one of the important founders of Chinese professional dance education as well as the first deputy president of Beijing Dance Academy,had done to develop Chinese professional dance education in terms of both faculty cultivation and construction of teaching materials.What is then emphasized is further understanding,inheriting and developing the excellent tradition of Beijing Dance Academy.The purpose of commemorating former president Madam Chen is to learn from her the ability to identify major problems among various controversies as well as perseverance in exploring a unique way appropriate for development of Chinese professional dance education,leading to the establishment of higher dance education with Chinese characteristics.

  18. Study on Medication Principles of Modern Famous Doctor Chen Youzhi Using TCM to Cancer Patients Based on Data Analysis%基于数据分析当代名医陈友芝中医治癌的用药规律研究

    寇志成; 李廷保


    Objective: To investigate medication principles of modern famous doctor Chen Youzhi applying TCM to cancer patients based on data mining. Methods: TCM prescriptions in Chen Youzhi′s cases of applying TCM to cancer patients were typed into the computer, data base was founded by Microsoft Office Excel 2003, medication principles were analyzed by statistical methods. Results: Altogether 354 pieces of TCM prescriptions were collected, involved 231 kinds of herbs, total medication frequency reached 4 136 times. Conclusion: Main drugs are of heat-clearing, tonification, promoting diuresis and damp-clearing, digestion, resolving sputum and relieving asthma and others in clinic;core single herbs in turn: BanZhiLian (Scutellaria barbata D. Don), FuLing [Poria cocos (Schw.) Wolf], Jobstears seed, BaiHua SheShe Cao (Hedyotis diffusa Willd.), ShenQu (Massa Medicata Fermentata), JiaoGuLan [Gynostemma pentaphyllum (Thunb.) Makino], BaiShaoYao (White Paeony Root), ShouGong (Gekko japonicus Dumeril et Bibron), BeiMu (fritillary), KuShen (Sophora flavescens), ShanZha (Crataegus pinnatifida Bunge), BaiZhu (Atractylodes macrocephala Koidz.) and others.%目的:基于数据挖掘当代名医陈友芝中医药治疗癌症用药规律的研究。方法:将《陈友芝中医治癌百例》中医方剂录入计算机,使用Microsoft Office Excel 2003软件,建立数据库,运用统计学方法统计分析其用药规律。结果:整理治癌中药复方354首,使用中药231种,总用药次数4136次。结论:临床以清热药、补虚药、利水渗湿药、消食药、化痰平喘药等为主;核心单味药依次为半枝莲、茯苓、薏苡仁、白花蛇舌草、神曲、绞股蓝、白芍、守宫、贝母、苦参、山楂、白术等。

  19. 南方鲶生殖周期中脑垂体和血清促性腺激素水平的含量变化%The Changes of Pituitary and Serum GTH Levels in the Reproductive Cycle in the Southern Catfish (Silurus meridionalis Chen)

    邓思平; 王德寿; 张耀光; 焦保卫


    采用测定胡鲶科非洲鲶(Clarias gariepinus)GTH的放射免疫测定法,用标记鲤(Cyprinus carpio)GTH的方法进行标记,测定了鲶科南方鲶(Silurusmeridionalis Chen)生殖周期中的血清GTH水平和脑垂体GTH含量变化,以揭示其性腺发育、成熟过程中的内分泌调节机理.南方鲶血清中GTH水平的季节变化表现出与成熟系数相一致的变化趋势,周年中雌鱼血清GTH水平都高于雄鱼,雌雄鱼血清GTH水平在繁殖期间差异尤为显著.脑垂体中GTH含量也在生殖周期中具明显周期变化.在性腺发育晚期和成熟期雌鱼脑垂体的GTH含量明显高于雄鱼,而在其它性腺期雌鱼脑垂体的GTH含量仅略高于雄鱼,但雌雄鱼之间并无显著差异.

  20. 政策驱动与伦理诉求--生态文明视阈下陈云的工程伦理思想探析%The Policy-Driver and Ethics-Appeal-On Chen Yun's Engineering Ethics from the Perspective of Ecological Civilization



    Chen Yun put forward important expositions concerning construction engineering problems, which is reflected as ecological civilization from the perspective of engineering ethics, mainly in the divine life, safety first engineering ethics value goal, project decision makers and project implementation such as the community of engineering ethics responsibility, government ethics institutionalization, and specific measures of launching broad participation of the masses etc. It well reflects the engineering aspects of the ethical conscious⁃ness in ecological civilization.%陈云对建筑工程问题提出过重要论述,体现为生态文明视阈下的工程伦理思想,主要有生命神圣、安全至上的工程伦理价值目标,工程决策者和工程实施者等工程共同体的伦理责任,以及政府伦理制度化、发动群众广泛参与的具体对策等,体现了生态文明思想下工程方面的伦理自觉。

  1. The Influence of Tao Yuanming on the Jiangyou Poetic School——Liu Song, Chen Mo and Liu Yongzhi as the Center%论陶渊明对明初江右诗派的影响——以刘崧、陈谟和刘永之等为中心



    The Jiangyou School is one of the five Poetic Schools in the early Ming Dynasty. Its leader was Liu Song, the representatives were Chen mo,Liu Yongzhi, and so on. As the Salaf of the Jiangyou School, Tao Yuanming have profound impact on them with his character integrity, attitude, imagery,poetry style and other aspects . Particularly, at poetry style, the plain style of the Jiangyou School and the mellow style of Tao Yuanming aesthetic pursuit of the same strain.%明初的江右诗派为其时五大诗派之一,领袖人物为刘崧,代表人物有陈谟、刘永之等. 作为江右诗派的乡邦先贤,陶渊明对江右派影响深远,其人品气节、生活态度、诗歌意象及风格等方面都对他的这些隔代乡邦文人们产生了较大的影响.尤其诗风方面,江右派雅淡、醇正的诗歌风尚与陶渊明淡远、真醇的美学追求一脉相承.

  2. 深圳香荚兰,首次发现于华南深圳的兰科新种%Vanilla shenzhenica Z.J.Liu & S.C.Chen, the first new species of Orchidaceae found in Shenzhen, South China

    刘仲健; 陈心启; 茹正忠


    Vanilla shenzhenica Z.J.Liu & S.C.Chen,a new species of Orchidaceae,is described and illustrated.This is the first new species of Orchidaceae found in Shenzhen,South China.It is akin to Vanilla somai Hayata,from which it differs by having 4-flowered inflorescences,not fully opening flowers with their unlobed lip joined 3/4 of its length to the column,and a retrorse tuft of fimbriate appendage in the upper part of the lip.%对兰科新种深圳香荚兰Vanilla shenzhenica Z.J.Liu & S.C.Chen作了描述与绘图.此新种为深圳发现的第一个兰科新种,与台湾香荚兰V.somai Hayata有亲缘关系.但是,本新种花序具4花,花较大,不完全开放;唇瓣不裂,紫红色,基部与蕊柱合生长度达3/4,刷状附属物位于唇盘的上部,甚易区别于台湾香荚兰.

  3. 读陈蒲清《陶澍传》--兼谈陶澍传记研究及其发展与展望%About The Biography of Tao Shu by Chen Poqing: On the Biographical Research, Development and Prospects of Tao Shu



      The Biography of Tao Shu written by Chen Poqhing is a new biography of Tao Shu, accurate assessment of the Tao Shu’s historical position, with distinct characteristics. the founder of Tao Shu biography is Wei Yuan. Quiet after a century and a half, the last two decades of the twentieth century, has generated the "Tao Shu, in the south," Tao Shu, A Critical Biography "," Tao Shu and Ka Road Statecraft Thought "book. Tao Shu, the publication of the Collected Works in 2010, created favorable conditions for carrying out the biographical study of the Tao Shu.%  陈蒲清的《陶澍传》是陶澍传记研究中出现的一部新作,它准确地评价了陶澍的历史地位,具有鲜明的特色.陶澍传记研究的奠基人是魏源.在沉静了一个半世纪之后,20世纪的最后20年,先后产生了《陶澍在江南》、《陶澍评传》、《陶澍与嘉道经世思想研究》等著作.2010年《陶澍全集》的出版,为开展陶澍传记研究创造了有利的条件

  4. 现代式的人生透视——读张爱玲的《沉香屑——第一炉香》%Perspective on modern life ——Reading on zhang Ailing, "Chen Xiangxie First Incense"



    Published in 1943,"Chen Xiangxie First Incense" as the works of Eileen Chang among the literary circles, has been initially show the uniqueness of her novels. It harbored the author tragic understanding of modern life through the real and meticulous description of the works hero -Gewei Long's imperative destruction process. At the same time, it also shows the bleak or desolate mean, which belong zhang Ailing.%发表于1943年的《沉香屑——第一炉香》作为张爱玲跻身文坛的作品,已经初步显示出了张爱玲小说的独特性。作品在中国言情通俗小说的外衣之外,通过对作品主人公葛薇龙势在必然的毁灭过程的真实而又细致地描写,包藏着作者对现代人生的悲剧性理解。这里,同样也流露出一种张爱玲式的苍凉、荒凉意味。

  5. 隗三户的回乡——陈应松小说《夜深沉》的社会学分析%On Wei Sanhu' s Going Back to His Hometown: A Sociological Analysis of Chen Yingsong' s Novel Deep Night



    陈应松的小说《夜深沉》依然关注农民的生存,不过视角稍微游移,即关注城市务工农民的回乡之旅。城市务工农民有回乡建房愿望。从隗三户的一系列遭遇,以及最后他的惨死,我们可以发现一些与人的生存状态相关的社会问题。这篇小说也显示了作家的社会责任感和批判态度。%In his novel Deep Night Chen Yingsong pays close attention to farmers' existing circum- stances as he used to. The difference lies in the slight deviation of his present perspective. In other words, he keeps a watchful eye on the fact that farmers working in cities return home in due course of time and that they have a wish of building houses in their hometown. From Wei Sanhu' s sufferings and a tragic death we may find some social problems related to people' s living conditions. In addition, the novel Deep Night reveals the author' s sense of social responsibility and critical attitude.

  6. From the"Chen Yong-zhou incident"to talk about the influence of news occupation ethics on media credibility%从“陈永洲事件”谈新闻职业操守对媒体公信力的影响



    记者收受钱财,代人捉刀,成为商业恶性竞争的一步棋子,近年来屡见不鲜。而当真相赤裸裸的展现在世人面前时,媒体的公信力也正逐渐淹没在公众的质问和声讨中,“陈永洲事件”的轰动效应可见一斑。新媒体时代,公共信息愈发透明清晰,刻意隐藏真相反而显得欲盖弥彰,这也敦促着媒体人作为社会之公器,讲真话,办实事,坚守新闻伦理,秉持最基本的专业素养和职业操守,才能挽救岌岌可危的公信力。%The reporter receive money, the ghost, a row of commercial competition, in recent years It is often seen. But when the truth naked show in the world, the credibility of the media is also gradually submerged question in public and condemn,"remarkable sensation Chen Yong-zhou events". The new media era, public information more transparent and clear, deliberately hiding the truth becomes clearer, this also urged the media as a social justice, to tell the truth, do solid work, adhere to the news ethics, uphold the basic professional quality and occupation ethics, in order to save the precarious credibility.

  7. The Subject Confusion behind the Power Phantom --Comment on Non -Business Relationship by Chen Changping%权力魅影背后的主体迷茫——陈昌平《非生意关系》探析



    "Non - business Relationship" written by Chen Changping is about people "s complex disputes in the power of desire, which is showing the women in male - dominated power society are in the merciless reality of help- lessness and retreat, as well as revealing the real imbalance situation of the status of women and men under the magic wand of power. At the same time, the novel also reflects that both the sexes relationship between the conquest and subordination are gradually derived for the main relationship between abusive and battered in the power contest, which is enjoying the psychological shadow of abuse. In this wild deconstruction, they fall into a confusing social situation and an alienation situation.%陈昌平的《非生意关系》,围绕着人在权力欲求中的复杂纠葛,展现了女性在以男性为主导的权力社会中于无可奈何中败退的无情现实,揭示了权力魔杖下男女两性地位失衡的真实处境;同时,小说还反映了两性在权力较量中由征服与屈从的关系主体逐渐衍化为施虐与受虐的关系主体,并在这种享虐性心理阴影的猖狂解构下陷入迷茫性存在境遇的社会图景和异化情境。

  8. Jacky Chen: Charity Also a Way of Social Responsibility

    Shang Lin'aiyi


    @@ On September, 19th, the crown of the year, a textile & apparel fair was successfully held in Shizhong District,Zaozhuang City, Shangdong Province. This fair, via exhibition, platform and trade cooperation,was a dynamic and comprehensive mecca for commercial exchange, logistics and information flow to perfect industrial chain, accelerate integration of industrial, marketing, capital and ultimate in a higher level market-oriented textile industry.

  9. Speech by CPAFFC President Chen Haosu at the Opening Ceremony


    <正>First of all,on behalf of the Chinese People’s Association for Friendship with Foreign Countries(CPAFFC) and China International Friendship Cities Association(CIFCA),I’d like to express our profound respect to our state leaders present here today,a sincere welcome to the delegates and guests representing various cities in China and other countries around the world,and,finally,cordial greetings and heartfelt thanks to all the friends who have over the years made unremitting efforts to the development of the cause of international friendship cities.

  10. Zur Bindung siliziumorganischer Verbindungen an mineralischen Grenzflächen

    Glowacky, Jens


    The open pore structure of cementitious materials makes it possible to absorb aqueous solutions. In practice cementitious materials are proteced by water repellent treatments to reduce significantly the damage processes of harmful ions. The chemical and mineralogical interactions between the water-repellent treatment and the mineral interface are little studied so far. In this work the system of mineral interface and silane is systematically guided from the model level to realistic conditions.

  11. CRFA President Chen Yuan Leads Delegation to Visit Russia

    Wen; Guangmei


    The year 2014 marked the 65th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic ties between China and Russia as well as establishment of the China-Russia Friendship Association(C R FA).The success ful meeting between Chinese President Xi Jinping and Russian President VladimirPutin in May of the year elevated the China-Russia comprehensive strategic cooperative partnership to a

  12. "Direct Action":A Perspective on How the New Culture Movement Develops---The evolvement of Chen Duxiu's Thought in Post-May Fourth Era and the Division of New Youth%“直接行动”:“新文化运动”的一种展开方式--后五四时期陈独秀的思想演进与《新青年》同人的分化



    1919年陈独秀自北京大学离职,次年南下上海,从此在思想与实践中更为深入地介入了现实政治。陈独秀的这一选择,与他在“五四”落潮以后对于“新文化运动”的展开方式以及未来走向的探索直接相关。此时的陈独秀强调“新文化运动”应从前一阶段的文化领域扩展到更为广阔的社会领域,以此纳入更多阶层的参与。而如何将被启蒙意识发现的“群众”组织起来作为一种新的历史主体,也就成为了他首先需要解决的问题。陈独秀认为,“直接行动”是其中的必由之路,而他对于共产主义的接受,正是在这一背景中展开的。由此导致的《新青年》同人在“谈/不谈政治”等问题上的分歧,以及最终的分化,实为两种不同的“新文化运动”方案的具体呈现。%Chen Duxiu resigned from Peking University in 1919 and then left for Shanghai next year. He has since got involved in the political affairs more deeply, both in thought and practice. His such change has attracted extensive attention, due to its relevance to the culture and politics of China hereafter. Chen Duxiu emphasized that the New Culture Movement ought to expand from the culture field to the larger social realm to incorporate people of all ranks and classes. Then comes the urgent problem for him:how to organize the enlightened mass and make them new historical subjects. Chen Duxiu maintained that the route of"direct action"was bound to be chosen, and it was in this milieu that Chen Duxiu came to embrace the communism and because of this the colleagues of New Youth were divided on the such issues as"discuss politics or not", leading to the ultimate division of New Youth. Actually, the division mirrored the fundamental differences between two blueprints of New Culture Movement.

  13. 从史实考证到心史诠释--陈寅恪对文学作品史料价值的解读及运用研究%From research on factual history to interpretation of spiritual history:Chen Yinke’s reading and application of historical value of literary works



    If we undertake our analysis by referring to the period theory of dividing historical facts into specific historical facts, general historical facts and abstract historical facts, it is not difficult to find that Chen Yinke, in adopting literary works to interpret the above three types of historical facts, presents a process from research on historical facts to interpretation of the history of the mind. Such interpretation from factual history to spiritual history, to a certain extent, is the most remarkable manifestation of Chin Yinke’s research on history, which reveals not only the stratification and variety of the value of historical materials in literary works, but also Chen’s study of history which reduces research from historical representation to profound interpretation of historical connotation. Moreover, historical reduction at the level of historical reality and interpetation at the level of the mind are the two basic dimensions for history to seek truth. Chen’s research from factual history to spritual history is the very comprehensive scrutiny and mastery of the dimension of history of seeking truth.%如果参照时段理论将史实分为“具体史实”“一般史实”“抽象史实”进行分析不难发现,陈寅恪运用文学作品对上述三类史实进行的考证与解读,呈现出的是一个从史实考证到心史诠释的过程。就某种层面而言,从史实考证到心史诠释是陈氏史学研究特色最突出的呈现,它既显示了文学作品史料价值层次性与多样性,同时也是陈寅恪史学研究从对历史表象的考证还原到历史内蕴的深刻阐发历程的集中呈现。此外,历史现实层面的史实还原与精神层面的内蕴阐发构成了历史学求真维度的两个基本面相,陈寅恪的从史实求证到心史阐发的研究工作正是对历史学求真维度的全面观照与把握。

  14. 新型受贿罪的司法认定:以刑事指导案例(潘玉梅、陈宁受贿案)为视角%Judicial Determination of a New Type of Bribery:In the Light of Designating “People v. Pan Yumei and Chen Ning”as a Guiding Case



    Among the guiding cases issued by the Supreme People's Court of the People's Republic of China,guiding criminal cases occupy a crucial place. The guiding cases represent a method of ab-stracting the key rules of the cases in order to resolve the issues of convictions and sentencing. This process has also established relevant judicial rules in those cases. This article focuses on the bribery case having Pan Yumei and Chen Ning as defendants and mainly deals with the ruling entailed in the court's opinion. This particular case is a repetition of the judicial opinion promulgated by the Supreme Court,but the purpose of the guiding case system has not been fulfilled. Nonetheless,the case gives us a new finding which we cannot obtain through the reading of the “statutory-like”judicial interpreta-tion. It especially presents a new perspective through the particular facts in the case.%  在最高人民法院发布的指导性案例中,刑事指导性案例具有重要的地位。刑事指导性案例对犯罪认定与刑罚裁量等有关法律问题,采取提炼指导性案例中的裁判要点的方式,确立了有关司法规则。本文以潘玉梅、陈宁受贿案为对象进行规范分析,重点研究裁判要点,认为这一裁判基本上是最高人民法院颁布的司法解释意见的重复,案例指导制度的设立初衷并没有实现。尽管如此,我们还是可以通过本案,发现一些在阅读条文化的司法解释时不能得到的收获,尤其是具体的案情对于我们理解司法解释提供了一个全新的视角。


    闫玉莲; 谢小军


    为了检验在季节驯化中温度和光周期分别对南方鲇(Silurus meridionalis Chen)组织线粒体代谢补偿效应的调节作用,研究对实验鱼进行了4个系列的驯化处理:(1)低温等光周期[12.5℃,12L︰12D,体重:(186.36±2.77) g];(2)高温等光周期[27.5℃,12L︰12D,体重:(202.80±7.99) g];(3)短光照中等温[8L︰16D,20℃,体重:(284.80±13.47) g];(4)长光照中等温度[16L︰8D,20℃,体重:(283.70±15.60) g],每组均为24尾鱼。驯化8周后取样,测定了各驯化组鱼体心脏、肝脏和肾脏的器官质量(器官指数),以及这3种器官组织线粒体在测定温度为12.5℃、20℃和27.5℃时的呼吸率和细胞色素C氧化酶(CCO)活性。结果显示,在等光周期条件下,低温驯化组(12.5℃,12L︰12D)实验鱼的心脏、肝脏和肾脏的器官指数均显著高于高温驯化组(27.5℃,12L︰12D);在中等温度条件下不同光照处理的实验鱼之间器官指数无显著差异。在中等温度条件下短光照驯化组(8L︰16D,20℃)鱼体的心脏、肾脏和肝脏组织线粒体呼吸率和CCO活性均显著高于长光照组(16L︰8D,20℃);而在等光周期条件下的不同温度驯化并没引起这3种组织线粒体的呼吸率和CCO活性的明显差异。综合认为:在季节驯化过程中,光周期改变是引起线粒体代谢能力的主要因素,温度变化则是调整器官组织重量的主要因素,光周期与温度对南方鲇线粒体代谢机制的调整具有协同作用。%To evaluate the effects of ambient temperature and day-length respectively in setting metabolic com-pensation of mitochondria in juvenile of the southern catfish (Silurus meridionalis Chen), the organ index of the heart, kidney and liver and their state 3 rates of mitochondria and cytochrome C oxidase activity (CCO) were measured in the tested fishes at different acclimations. Two experimental groups were acclimated to high tem-perature (27.5℃) and low temperature


    汪开毓; 肖丹; 贺扬; 陈德芳; 耿毅; 刘天强; 黄冠军


    采用硫酸铵盐析、DEAE.SephadexA50凝胶层析法对豚鼠气单胞菌的溶血素进行分离、纯化。获得分子量为32.2kDa的单一多肽溶血素,测定溶血价为2^5。将该溶血素倍比稀释后梯度接种南方鲇,研究其对南;h-鲇的致病性和组织病理损伤情况。结果表明:豚鼠气单胞菌溶血素具有较强的毒力,对南方鲇的半数致死剂量(LD,0)为0.29mg蛋白/k体重;病鱼表现为体表褪色,腹部膨大,肝、脾、肾肿大,肝、脾淤血、出血明显;胃肠道内充有大量粘液,黏膜充血、出血;组织病理学表现为骨骼肌水肿、变性,肝细胞变性、坏死,血窦扩张淤血,肾小,管上皮细胞变性、坏死,脾脏淋巴细胞减少,胃肠道黏膜上皮变性、坏死,脱落。%The haemolysin produced by Aeromonas caviae was salted out by ammonium sulphate precipitation and purified by chromatography on Sephadex A50. It was estimated to a homogeneous polypeptide of 32.2kDa by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Haemolysis assay showed that its haemolytic activity was 25. To investigate its pathogenicity, double dilution haemolysin was intraperitoneally injected into Silurus meridionalis Chen. The resuits showed that the purified haemolysin was toxic towards S. meridionalis, with a half-lethal dose (LDso) of 0.29mg/kg (protein/weight). Fish injected with this haemolysin exhibited symptoms of color fading, abdominal intumescence, congestion and enlargement of liver and spleen, renomegaly, gastrointestinal inflammation. Skeletal muscle appeared swollen and disruption with red stained sarcoplasm. Liver corroded to cell death and necrosis, and were congested with few sinusoid. Degeneration and necrosis was found in the renal cells, which could extend to some histolysis. Renal interstitium showed a reduced incidence of lymphocytes with numerous inflammatory cells infiltration. Spleen lymphocytes were reduction

  17. 小柴胡汤君臣药及其配伍提取物对感染CVB3m心肌细胞的血清药理学研究%Serum Pharmacology of Xiaochaihutang Jun and Chen Herbs and Their Compatibility Extract on Myocardial Cells Infected CVB3m

    谢彬; 王雪峰; 闫丽娟; 岳志军


    目的:探讨小柴胡汤(XCT)君臣药及其配伍提取物对感染CVB3m心肌细胞的抗病毒与保护作用,并试阐述机制.方法:制取3种提取物的含药血清,并测定体外对CVB3m毒力的影响.培养乳鼠心肌细胞建立心肌炎模型,从3个方面检测:应用MTT法检测含药血清对心肌细胞的保护率;检测各孔上清液中乳酸脱氢酶(LDH)及天冬氨酸氨基转移酶(AST)的释放量;RT-PCR法检测感染CVB3m的心肌细胞中CVB3m的含量.结果:黄芩提取物含药血清对CVB3m有直接灭活的作用.3个方面检测结果均显示:含药血清组与空白血清组比较,有显著性差异(P<0.01),黄芩组和配伍组分别与柴胡组比较,均有显著性差异(P<0.01).配伍组与黄芩组比较,无显著性差异.结论:黄芩提取物有直接灭活病毒的作用,黄芩和配伍提取物具有明显的抑制病毒复制和对病毒感染后细胞的保护作用,等量配伍提取物没有表现出作用增强的优势.%Objective:To explore Xiaochai hutang (XCT's) jun and chen herbs and their compatibility extracts antivirus and the protective function by infected CVB3m and to elaborate the therapeutic mechanism.Method:We prepared herb-contained serum of the extracts from Bupleurum,Scutellaria and their compatibility, and measured effects on virulence CVB3m in vitro. We cultured the myocardial cells of suckling mice and established the viral myocarditis mAel. From three aspects tested: the protection rate of the myocardial cell after infected CVB3m by MTT methA; the release of LDH and AST in the supernatant of each hole ;and CVB3m content of containing serum on myocardial cells infected CVB3m by RT-PCR. Result:Scutellaria herb-contained serum might have affect on directly kill CVB3m in vitro. Three results were: a significant difference though containing serum group compared with the blank serum(P <0.01 );Scutellaria group and the compatibility group were compared with the Bupleurum group,there were


    袁伦强; 谢小军; 闫玉莲


    3,3' ,4,4' ,5-pentachlorobiphenyl (PCB 126), a kind of typical persistent organic pollutant, is one of the poly-chlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) congeners with high bioaccumulation and strong toxicity. It has been considered to have detrimental effects on the health of the human and animals as well as on ecosystems for being difficult to be decomposed or be transformed in both environment and organisms. In order to test the lethal effect and metabolic stress of dietary PCB 126 on the southern catfish, Silurus meridionalis Chen, from October to December, 2007, 72 one-year-old juvenile south-era catfish acclimated with control diet for 2 weeks prior to study initiation were randomly divided into 6 experimental groups (12 fish in each group) for different dietary PCB 126 treatments. Six iso-nitrogenous (45% crude protein) , iso-li-pidic (12% crude lipid) and iso-carbohydrate (15% crude carbohydrate) experimental diets with different levels of PCB 126 were formulated, the dietary concentrations of PC B 126 were 0(as control) , 50, l O0,200,400 and 800 μg/kg, re-spectively. In each group, the southern catfish were individually fed with each experimental diet in an indoor rearing sys-tem at 3% BW per day ration level for 8 weeks at (27.5±0.2)℃. The median lethal time (LT50) , the total amounts of PCB 126 intake during the experiment, hepatosomatic index (HSI) , the resting metabolic rate (RMR) as well as the rate of oxygen consumption and activity of cytochrome c oxidase (CCO) of the liver mitochondria in southern catfish were deter-mined and calculated. The results showed that no mortality of the experimental fish occurred during the experiment in groups fed with the diets in the PCB 126 concentrations of 0, 50 and 100 μg/kg, and the total amounts of PCB 126 intake were 0, 30.56 and 66.66μg/kg body weight at the termination of the experiment, respectively, whereas, the mortality was observed in fish fed with the diets containing PCB 126 of 200, 400 and 800 μg/kg, and


    曾令清; 张耀光; 付世建; 曹振东


    为了考查鱼类对温度变化的功能适应和生理反应特征,以不同驯化温度(10、20和30℃,驯化两周)为对照,进行双向急性变温处理(20℃→10℃和20℃→30℃),分别在不同时间(0.5、1、2、4、8和24h)对南方鲇(Silurus meridionalis Chen)幼鱼静止耗氧率(Resting oxygen consumption rate,VO2)进行测定并在处理后及时测定实验鱼的临界游泳速度(Critical swimming speed,Ucrit).研究发现:不同驯化温度下实验鱼的Ucrit随驯化温度升高呈显著增加的变化趋势,相对临界游泳速度(Relative critical swimming speed,Ur)分别为1.83、2.87和3.37 BL/s(Body length per second)(P<0.05);双向急性变温两组的Ur分别与驯化组均无显著差异(P>0.05);Ur与温度的关系表达为:Ur=0.8114T+1.0976(n=37,R2=0.973,P<0.05).VO2也随驯化温度升高呈显著增加的变化特征,分别为14.91、28.34和44.98 mg O2/kg·h(P<0.05).双向急性变温对VO2的影响十分显著.急性升温组的静止耗氧率呈现先上升后下降并趋稳定的变化规律,其静止耗氧率的Q10值的峰值(3.1)出现在升温后的0.5h,是对照组的1.96倍;而急性降温组的静止耗氧率则急剧连续下降至相对稳定水平,其Q10值的峰值(4.8)出现在降温后的1.0h,是对照组的2.5倍.研究表明:在相同的变温幅度下,双向急性变温对南方鲇幼鱼均存在明显的生理胁迫;不同温度变化方向的代谢反应特征却不尽相同,急性降温对南方鲇幼鱼造成的生理胁迫可能大于急性升温;当环境温度发生骤然变化时,实验鱼的运动生理功能具有较好的温度适应能力.研究提示,迅速降温后水流刺激可能会终止鱼类的"冷休克",引起整体的代谢水平的重新调节,以满足运动的能量需求并提高生存适合度.%The effects of short-term acute temperature change (20℃→ 10 ℃ and 20 ℃→30℃) and long-term temperature acclimation (10, 20 and 30℃, two weeks) on resting oxygen

  20. 小议“用数学的意识”及其培养——由数学大师陈省身的题辞“数学好玩”引发的联想%Thinking about the Consciousness of Applying Mathematics and It's Training Association from the Word "Math is Fun" of the Master in Mathematics Chen Xing-shen



    数学大师陈省身"数学好玩"的题辞,说明人们"用数学的意识"是随着社会的进步和数学的发展,不断变化的.人们对数学的需求,已经远远超越了"实用"的范围,应当与时俱进地树立一种新的"数学应用观"."玩儿数学"乃是"用数学"的崇高境界.。%The Word "Math is Fun" of the master in mathematics Chen Xing-shen showed that the consciousness of applying mathematics changed all the time with the progress of the society and the development of mathematics. People's requirement to mathematics surpassed well beyond the range of "practical". We should build a new "mathematics application sense". "Math is Fun" was the lofty realm of "applying mathematics".

  1. Construction of Literature History on "Theory of Class" and" Theory of Human Nature" ---Taking Tang Tao' s Modern Literature and Chen Sihe' s The History of Contemporary Literature Course as Examples%“阶级论”与“人性论”的文学史构建——以唐瞍《现代文学史》和陈思和《当代文学史教程》为例



    By taking The History of Modem Literature, edited by TANG Tao, and The Course of History of Chinese Contemporary Literature, edited by CHEN Si -he, as examples to study the literature history structure of "Theory of Class" and " Theory of Human Nature," the author approaches the gains and losses of contemporary literature history writing in recent half a century in order to rethink some popular ideas and methods in literature criticism. From the pattern of literature history view point, the former is a kind of practi- cal theory and literature history characterization of revolutionary practice, while the latter is a kind of theoretical practice and literature history writing practice of personality theory.%以唐搜主编的《现代文学史》和陈思和主编的《中国当代文学史教程》两本在其各自时代有典型代表性的文学史为例,通过一种互文的阅读来考察“阶级论”与“人性论”的文学史构建,探讨近半个世纪以来“作为一门学科”的现当代文学史写作的得与失,并借此试图反思当下文学批评流行的某些观念与方法。从文学史范型看,前者是一种实践的理论,是革命实践的文学史表征;后者则是一种理论的实践,是人性论的文学史写作实践。

  2. Stabilizing equilibrium by linear feedback control for controlling chaos in Chen system

    Costa, V A [Departamento de Ciencias Basicas, Facultad de IngenierIa (UNLP), La Plata (Argentina); Gonzalez, G A, E-mail:, E-mail: [Departamento de Matematica, Facultad de Ingenieria (UBA), Buenos Aires (Argentina)


    Stabilization of a chaotic system in one of its unstable equilibrium points by applying small perturbations is studied. A two-stage control strategy based on linear feedback control is applied. Improvement of system performance is addressed by exploiting the ergodicity of the original dynamics and using Lyapunov stability results for control design. Extension to the not complete observability case is also analyzed.

  3. Der Aufbau eines Tieftemperatur-Rastertunnelmikroskops und Strukturuntersuchungen auf vicinalen Kupferoberflächen

    Zöphel, Sven


    A scanning tunneling microscope has been build, which is specially optimised for operation at low temperatures. The sample temperature can be continuously varied between 9.5K and 300K. The low helium consumption of less than 0.1lHe/h is good for operating the system for about 49 hours between refills. Sample preparation outside of the STM and transfer into the STM can be done at temperatures down to 20K. Optical access and the possibility of preparing the sample ´in situ´ in the STM have also...

  4. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Sample of Fermi Blazars (Chen+, 2016)

    Chen, Y.-Y.; Zhang, X.; Xiong, D.-R.; Wang, S.-J.; Yu, X.-L.


    We tried to select a large number of blazars with reliable redshift, radio core and extended radio luminosity at 1.4GHz. Firstly, we considered the following samples of blazars to get the radio core luminosity and extended luminosity at 1.4GHz: Kharb et al. (2010, J/ApJ/710/764), Antonucci & Ulvestad (1985ApJ...294..158A), Cassaro et al. (1999A&AS..139..601C), Murphy et al. (1993MNRAS.264..298M), Landt & Bignall (2008MNRAS.391..967L), Caccianiga & Marcha (2004, Cat. J/MNRAS/348/973), Giroletti et al. (2004). We cross-correlated these samples with the Fermi LAT Third Source Catalog (3FGL), and we acquired the 3FGL spectral index and energy flux at 0.1-100GeV from clean sources in 3FGL (Fermi-LAT Collaboration 2015, J/ApJS/218/23) Using these catalogs, we compiled 201 Fermi blazars. (1 data file).

  5. Multiple Intelligences Theory and English language Teaching By Sandy Chen Shunde Luotingpang Middle School



    @@ Ⅰ.Multiple Intelligences Theory 1.1 Definition of Multiple Intelligences Theory In the past,intelligence was a fixed,static entity at birth which Was defined operationally as the ability to answer items on IQ tests.Even since the publication of his Frames of Mind(1983),Dr.Howard Gardner has postulated an ahemafive definition of intelligence based on a radically different view of intelligence.According to him,an intelligence entails the ability to solve problems or fashion products that are of consequence in a particular cultural setting or community (1993:15).There are many,not just one,different but autonomous intelligence capacities that result in many different ways of knowing,understanding,and learning about our world.

  6. Calibrating the Shan-Chen lattice Boltzmann model for immiscible displacement in porous media

    Christensen, Britt Stenhøj Baun; Schaap, M.G.; Wildenschild, D.


    The lattice Boltzmann (LB) modeling technique is increasingly being applied in a variety of fields where computational fluid dynamics are investigated. In our field of interest, environmentally related flow processes in porous media, the use of the LB method is still not common. For the LB...

  7. Chen et al., Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. (2011) 8(4):467-476


    ... in Shen-qi-di-huang decoction for each rat per day was as follow: DangShen[ ... The experiment was performed according to the guidelines set by the World ... There were three major steps of RT-PCR: the isolation of total RNA by TRIzol ...

  8. Interview of Chen Dapeng, Exeoutive Vice President of China National Garment Association

    Wang Ting


    In CHIC 2012, covering an exhibition area of 110,000 square meters, with more than 1,000 brands from 21 international countries and regions, and attracting nearly hundred thousand professional visitors to participate, after 20 years' development,

  9. Effects of different cleaning treatments on heavy metal removal of Panax notoginseng (Burk) F. H. Chen.

    Dahui, Liu; Na, Xu; Li, Wang; Xiuming, Cui; Lanping, Guo; Zhihui, Zhang; Jiajin, Wang; Ye, Yang


    The quality and safety of Panax notoginseng products has become a focus of concern in recent years. Contamination with heavy metals is one of the important factors as to P. notoginseng safety. Cleaning treatments can remove dust, soil, impurities or even heavy metals and pesticide residues on agricultural products. But effects of cleaning treatments on the heavy metal content of P. notoginseng roots have still not been studied. In order to elucidate this issue, the effects of five different cleaning treatments (CK, no treatment; T1, warm water (50°C) washing; T2, tap water (10°C) washing; T3, drying followed by polishing; and T4, drying followed by tap water (10°C) washing) on P. notoginseng roots' heavy metal (Cu, Pb, Cd, As and Hg) contents were studied. The results showed that heavy metal (all five) content in the three parts all followed the order of hair root > rhizome > root tuber under the same treatment. Heavy metal removals were in the order of Hg > As > Pb > Cu > Cd. Removal efficiencies of the four treatments were in the order of T2 > T1 > T3 > T4. Treatments (T1-T4) could decrease the contents of heavy metal in P. notoginseng root significantly. Compared with the requirements of WM/T2-2004, P. notoginseng roots' heavy metal contents of Cu, Pb, As and Hg were safe under treatments T1 and T2. In conclusion, the cleaning process after production was necessary and could reduce the content of heavy metals significantly. Fresh P. notoginseng root washed with warm water (T2) was the most efficient treatment to remove heavy metal and should be applied in production.

  10. 76 FR 71048 - Sixth Annual Philip S. Chen, Jr. Distinguished Lecture on Innovation and Technology Transfer


    ... Innovation and Technology Transfer AGENCY: National Institutes of Health, Public Health Service, HHS. ACTION....D. Distinguished Lecture on Innovation and Technology Transfer. DATES: Friday, December 9, 2011, at... Recombinant Immunotoxins: From Technology Transfer to the Patient.'' Dr. Pastan is an NIH Distinguished...

  11. VizieR Online Data Catalog: VR photometry for 914 stars in NGC 188 (Chen+, 2016)

    Chen, X.; Deng, L.; de Grijs, R.; Zhang, X.; Xin, Y.; Wang, K.; Luo, C.; Yan, Z.; Tian, J.; Sun, J.; Liu, Q.; Zhou, Q.; Luo, Z.


    We observed the open cluster NGC188 for a total of 36 nights during two separate periods (2014 September 28-October 7: 2014 Sep 28, 2014 Oct 01, 2014 Oct 02, 2014 Oct 04, 2014 Oct 05, 2014 Oct 07; and 2016 January 13-March 10: 2016 Jan 13, 2016 Jan 14, 2016 Jan 15, 2016 Jan 20, 2016 Jan 22, 2016 Jan 23, 2016 Jan 25, 2016 Jan 26, 2016 Jan 27, 2016 Jan 28, 2016 Jan 29, 2016 Jan 30, 2016 Feb 02, 2016 Feb 03, 2016 Feb 04, 2016 Feb 05, 2016 Feb 06, 2016 Feb 07, 2016 Feb 09, 2016 Feb 14, 2016 Feb 17, 2016 Feb 19, 2016 Feb 22, 2016 Feb 24, 2016 Feb 25, 2016 Feb 27, 2016 Feb 28, 2016 Feb 29, 2016 Mar 05, 2016 Mar 07) using the 50cm Binocular Network telescope (50BiN) at the Qinghai Station of Purple Mountain Observatory (Chinese Academy of Sciences). The time-series light-curve observations in the Johnson V and R bands were obtained simultaneously using two Andor 2k*2k CCDs. The telescope's field of view is 20*20arcmin2, which is adequate for covering the central region of NGC188. (1 data file).

  12. Finding of Parastrongylus cantonensis (Chen, 1935) in Rattus rattus in Tenerife, Canary Islands (Spain).

    Foronda, Pilar; López-González, Mercedes; Miquel, Jordi; Torres, Jordi; Segovia, Matías; Abreu-Acosta, Néstor; Casanova, Juan Carlos; Valladares, Basilio; Mas-Coma, Santiago; Bargues, María Dolores; Feliu, Carlos


    Parastrongylus cantonensis is a parasite of murid rodents that can infect humans and cause health problems as eosinophilic meningitis. Although it is endemic in south Asia, the Pacific islands, Australia, USA, and a few Caribbean islands, it has been extended to new geographical regions. In the Canary Islands (Spain) a survey of helminths of Rattus rattus, Rattus norvegicus and Mus musculus domesticus was carried out. Furthermore, five species of molluscs were examined for nematode larvae to determine whether they are potential intermediate hosts of P. cantonensis. Nematodes were found in the lungs of 15% of 67 R. rattus examined in Tenerife, one of the four studied islands, with a prevalence of 20% in the highest focus of infection. Based on morphological and molecular analysis, with the complete internal transcribed spacer 2 (ITS-2) and a fragment of the small subunit ribosomal RNA (SSU rRNA) nucleotide sequences, nematodes were identified as P. cantonensis. Larval nematodes found from snails and slugs were identified as third-stage (L(3)) Metastrongyloidea, but the molecular study showed that they did not belong to P. cantonensis. This is the first finding of angiostrongyliasis in rats in the Canary Islands (Spain). New molecular data for this species and Parastrongylus dujardini are reported. The presence of P. cantonensis in Tenerife could be of importance from the public health point of view. Further studies are required in order to look for other potential foci of infections in the Canary Islands.

  13. B'ui.l.Chen1.Soc.Ethiop.,5(1), 11-20 (12191).

    I}! AQUEOUS MEDIUM. 5.2%. Thomas ... even in vitro; difficult}: in isolating and identifying inhibitors in vivo; and uncertainty ... for Ca2+ in HAP to give solid solutions in the complete range. although conflicting ... solution. 0.001 M of the anions.

  14. Genetically variant populations of Paragonimus proliferus Hsia & Chen, 1964 from central Vietnam.

    Doanh, P N; Hien, H V; Nonaka, N; Horii, Y; Nawa, Y


    Among about 50 nominal Paragonimus species, Paragonimus proliferus is rather a rare species, found only in Yunnan province, China, until our recent discovery of this species in Lai Chau province, northern Vietnam close to Yunnan, China. Here we add Quang Binh province, central Vietnam as a new endemic area of P. proliferus. Large excysted metacercariae found in mountainous crabs, Potamiscus tannanti, were morphologically identified as P. proliferus, which was confirmed further by molecular analyses. Second internal transcribed spacer (ITS2) sequences of the P. proliferus population in Quang Binh province were completely (100%) identical with those of P. proliferus populations in Lai Chau province, northern Vietnam and Yunnan province, China. However, cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (CO1) gene sequences of Quang Binh population were significantly different (5.6%) from that of previously reported northern Vietnam and Yunnan, China populations. A phylogenetic tree revealed that all CO1 sequences of P. proliferus Quang Binh population formed a distinct group, which was clustered with northern Vietnam and Yunnan, China populations with the bootstrap value of 75%. This is the first record of the genetically variant population of P. proliferus, distribution of which is geographically remote from the previously reported endemic areas in the border between northern Vietnam and Yunnan, China, suggesting that P. proliferus may be much more widely distributed in the Indochina peninsula (or South-East Asia) than expected.

  15. Chen Bulei:His Tragic Afterlife%陈布雷的悲情后半生

    郭太风; 李纳



  16. Diskrepanz: Die EU-Frauenpolitik zwischen Deregulierung und Gleichheitsansprüchen

    Ingrid Biermann


    Full Text Available In von neun Autorinnen verfassten Beiträgen gibt der Band Einblicke in zentrale Felder der EU-Politik: die europäische Wirtschafts- und Währungsunion (EWWU, die Strukturpolitik, die Gleichstellungspolitik und das Gender Mainstreaming, die Osterweiterung sowie die Ausarbeitung einer europäischen Verfassung. Damit werden wesentliche Teile des Maastricht-Vertrags (1992, des Amsterdamer Vertrags (1997 und des Nizza-Vertrags (2000 behandelt. Hierdurch bildet dieser Band eine wichtige Grundlage für die Diskussion über die Frauenpolitik der EU.

  17. Untersuchung der Nährstoffauswaschung unter Schotterrasenflächen an einem inneralpinen Standort

    Slawitsch, Veronika; Birk, Steffen; Pötsch, Erich M.


    Surface stabilisation by planted gravel turf is a reliable alternative to conventionally-paved parking lots. At the HBLFA Raumberg-Gumpenstein test site, biennial nutrient concentrations in seepage water and nutrient leachate fluxes were analysed using six gravity lysimeters. Two different materials (limestone with 10 % humus and recycled building material with 10 % compost) were investigated. Seepage water fluxes showed better infiltration for lime gravel materials in comparison to recycled building materials. The nutrient concentrations and leachate flux showed significantly higher values in the recycled building materials in both years of the experiment. Both materials showed a decrease in nutrient concentration and leaching from the first to the second year. The nitrate threshold concentration given by the drinking water directive (Trinkwasserverordnung BGBI. I Nr. 21/2001) was met for lime materials but was exceeded by a factor of three for recycled building materials within the first year. In terms of groundwater protection, the high risk of nitrate leaching in the first year has to be considered if using recycled building material.

  18. Comment on "Observation of mutual diffusion of macromolecules in PS/PMMA binary films by confocal Raman microscopy" by C. Hu, X. Chen, J. Chen, W. Zhang and M. Q. Zhang, Soft Matter, 2012, 8, 4780.

    Tomba, J Pablo


    A paper by Hu et al. (Soft Matter, 2012, 8, 4780) reports on the use of confocal Raman microscopy to resolve mutual diffusion between polystyrene (PS) and poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA). In-depth optical sectioning is employed to measure the diffusive broadening of the originally planar PS-PMMA interface, from which tracer and mutual diffusion coefficients and values for the PS-PMMA thermodynamic interaction parameter are extracted. Here, a reinterpretation of Hu's data that leads to a completely different scenario is presented, as apparent diffusive broadening can be mostly attributed to optical distortions inherent to the probe methodology. It also explains the lack of consistency of kinetic and thermodynamic parameters obtained by the authors from their diffusion analysis in comparison with earlier published data on this system. Overall, it highlights the importance of carrying out appropriate data analysis when confocal Raman microscopy is applied in dry depth-profiling investigations.

  19. 西藏飞蝗(Locusta migratoria tibetensis Chen)耐寒性理化指标%The physiological and biochemical indexes of the cold-hardiness of Locusta migratoria tibetensis Chen

    李庆; 王思忠; 封传红; 张敏; 蒋凡; 杨刚; 罗林明


    西藏飞蝗是青藏高原上的一种重要害虫.近年来, 西藏飞蝗在西藏、青海玉树以及川西高原上危害十分严重.通过对该虫各发育阶段过冷却能力测定,研究了各发育阶段虫体内生理生化物质与过冷却能力之间的关系,揭示了该虫耐寒性规律.结果表明,西藏飞蝗蝗卵的过冷却点和结冰点为最低,分别为-22.02℃和-16.36℃.在1~4龄蝗蝻期,过冷却点随体内水分、糖原和脂肪含量随着虫体的发育而升高,其过冷却点分别为-9.28℃、-8.51℃、-7.18℃、-6.46℃;到5龄蝗蝻时,虫体脂肪和糖原含量达最高值,过冷却点下降为-8.07℃.讨论了虫体脂肪、糖原和甘油含量变化与其耐寒力之间的关系.

  20. Colliding Resonances:The Music of Xiaoyong Chen (pengzhuang zhong de huixiang-lun Chen xiaoyong de yinyue)%碰撞中的回响——论陈晓勇的音乐

    梁雷; 王婷婷


    遵循导师利盖蒂(Gyrgy Ligeti, 1923~2006)的教导,陈晓勇(1955~ )始终避免进入一般概念的中国音乐或西方先锋派阵营.其音乐致力于探究单个声音的无限可能性.在作品(Duet for Violin and Zheng, 1989年)中,作曲家使用了微分音调音,并着眼于碰撞性音响和特殊调音体系的内在回响.(Evapora,为小型室内乐队而作,1996年),体现了他对和谐及非和谐融合(harmonic/non harmonic fusion)的并置的兴趣.他以极为简洁的方式和高度个性化的音乐语汇,揭示出一个包含有不同调音体系、调式、音响相互碰撞的多元世界,同时抓住了不同文化要素相互作用产生的张力与整合.

  1. 医院科室预算编制方法的创新%Innovation on hospital department budgeting methods CHEN Shimin, SUN Tiehong, CHEN Jiangang,GUO Hangyuan

    陈士敏; 孙铁红; 陈剑刚; 郭航远


      通过对科室预算的编制形式、编制流程的探讨,明确科室预算的编制标准和操作细则。提出编制医院科室预算的具体方案,辅助医院年度经营计划的顺利实施,提高科室的工作绩效。%By discussing hospital department budgeting form and process, the details of standard and operation in department budgeting are defined. With the implementing of yearly operation plan, the department budgeting plan is presented to improve department's performance.

  2. Effect of temperature on excess post-exercise oxygen consumption in juvenile southern catfish (Silurus meridionalis Chen) following exhaustive exercise.

    Zeng, Ling-Qing; Zhang, Yao-Guang; Cao, Zhen-Dong; Fu, Shi-Jian


    The effects of temperature on resting oxygen consumption rate (MO2rest) and excess post-exercise oxygen consumption (EPOC) after exhaustive exercise (chasing) were measured in juvenile southern catfish (Silurus meridionalis) (8.40±0.30 g, n=40) to test whether temperature has a significant influence on MO2rest, maximum post-exercise oxygen consumption rate (MO2peak) and EPOC and to investigate how metabolic scope (MS: MO2peak - MO2rest) varies with acclimation temperature. The MO2rest increased from 64.7 (10°C) to 160.3 mg O2 h(-1) kg(-1) (25°C) (PEPOC varied from 32.9 min at 10°C to 345 min at 20°C, depending on the acclimation temperatures. The MS values of the lower temperature groups (10 and 15°C) were significantly smaller than those of the higher temperature groups (20, 25 and 30°C) (PEPOC varied ninefold among all of the temperature groups and was the largest for the 20°C temperature group (about 422.4 mg O2 kg(-1)). These results suggested that (1) the acclimation temperature had a significant effect on maintenance metabolism (as indicated by MO2rest) and the post-exercise metabolic recovery process (as indicated by MO2peak, duration and magnitude of EPOC), and (2) the change of the MS as a function of acclimation temperature in juvenile southern catfish might be related to their high degree of physiological flexibility, which allows them to adapt to changes in environmental conditions in their habitat in the Yangtze River and the Jialing River.

  3. Deutsch/Romanisch - Lateinisch/Deutsch: Neue Thesen zu den Pariser Gesprächen und zu den Kasseler Glossen

    Florian Kragl


    Full Text Available Literary history projects the clear image that the beginnings of German literature lie in the 8th and 9th century, the Old High German period, when German literature first flourished with texts like the Hildebrandslied or Otfrids Evangelienbuch. The Old High German period is presented as a compact formation, precisely defined in time and space, of high literary value and ‘national’ coinage. The following paper attempts, in a preliminary manner, to question this notion by arguing that it is high time to free Old High German literature from the pathos of 19th century research. Its topic is language contact between German on the one hand and Latin / Romance on the other, albeit not in terms of high culture, but of language acquisition. It therefore deals with literature in the etymological sense of ‘written with letters’: the so-called ‘Old High German’ or ‘Parisian Conversations’ and the ‘Kasseler Glosses’ or ‘Conversations’.

  4. 古街与时尚的交融——ECHO CHEN2016春夏系列



    以“当长白山不期而遇阿尔卑斯山”为命题.本届时装周上的“新概念秀”专场带来了ECHOCHEN主创及联袂4位中法资深高定设计师的作品发布。此次发布在体现国际风尚的同时,全方位打造了“时尚长白山”这一城市形象品牌。法国驻华大使顾山Maurice Gourdault-Montagne先生,以及国内外服装业等专业人士200人出席了这场发布活动。

  5. Ghen yi in the back of chen haosu's mind%陈昊苏眼中的父亲陈毅

    陈昊苏; 秦来来







  7. CRFA President Chen Yuan in Russia for Activities Marking 70th Anniversary of Victory of World Anti-Fascist War

    Zheng; Chen


    Seventy years ago,a war broke out,engulfing around two billion people of more than 80countries and regions,and causing an unprecedented catastrophe in human civilization.In this life-anddeath struggle between justice and evil,the world anti-fascist forces including China and the Soviet Union fought shoulder to shoulder and finally won victory.

  8. Genexpressionsanalysen zur Hämokompatibilität von Fremdoberflächen bei Operationen mit extrakorporaler Zirkulation

    Seeburger, Jörg


    Einleitung: Die extrakorporale Zirkulation (EKZ) führt zu einer Ganzkörperentzündungsreaktion. Leukozyten spielen eine zentrale Rolle bei entzündlichen Reaktionen. Methoden: In einer prospektiven, randomisierten und doppelblinden Vergleichsstudie wurden die Auswirkungen der Beschichtung der EKZ mit Heparin (Bioline-Coating; Gruppe H) und Protein (Safeline-Treatment; Gruppe P) auf den perioperativen Verlauf sowie auf die Genexpression in Leukozyten analysiert. Hierfür wurden 65 männliche P...

  9. Trichodina nobilis Chen, 1963 and Trichodina reticulata Hirschmann et Partsch, 1955 from ornamental freshwater fishes in Brazil

    ML Martins

    Full Text Available In the present work Trichodina reticulata and T. nobilis (Ciliophora: Trichodinidae are morphologically characterised from ornamental freshwater fish culture in the State of Santa Catarina, Brazil. The prevalence of infection and a list of comparative measurements are discussed. We examined "southern platyfish" Xiphophorus maculatus (n = 35, "goldfish" Carassius auratus (n = 31, "guppy" Poecilia reticulata (n = 20, "sailfin molly" Poecilia latipinna (n = 6, "beta" Betta splendens (n = 2 and "spotted headstander" Chilodus punctatus (n = 1. After being anesthetised in a benzocaine solution, fishes were examined for parasitological evaluation. A total of 51.57% fishes were parasitised by Trichodina spp. Carassius auratus was the most parasitised species, followed by X. maculatus and P. reticulata. Beta splendens, C. punctatus and P. latipinna were not parasitised by any trichodinid species. Two species of Trichodina were collected from the skin of fish: T. nobilis was found in C. auratus, P. reticulata and X. maculatus and T. reticulata was only observed in C. auratus. The importance of adequate handling in ornamental fish culture are also discussed.

  10. Dr.Chen-lu Tsou: a tireless advocate for advancement in the standards of scientific research in China

    Chih-chen Wang; Zhi-Xin Wang; Baoyuan Zhang; Ming Li


    The history of modern science in China is relatively short compared to that in western countries.For example,it was not until the 1920s that genetics and evolutionary theory were introduced to China.Most of the earliest Chinese biologists were trained overseas and returned to their beloved homeland to become pioneers of biomedical disciplines like zoology,plant biology,physiology,and neuroscience in China.Those who returned in the 1940s focused more on biochemistry,and after “Reform and Opening” in the late 1970s,molecular biology gradually thrived.With the continuous efforts of numerous Chinese biologists,modern biology started to flourish steadily despite a history of wars and political turbulence.However,even though Chinese biologists trained overseas brought back new knowledge and perspectives to China,the overall system of modern biology in China was still young,and many issues in scientific practice started to appear as time went by.One of them was lack of high academic standards.

  11. Uncertain Factors Escalate Risks in Power Investment An Interview with Mr. Chen Chiping,Vice President of Capgemini Group (China)

    Chen Peng; Ye Qing


    @@ The world is gazing at China,Capgemini also unexceptionally Journalist from China Electric Power (Journalist below for short): The Capgemini consultant carried out global investigations on power industry three times in 2001, 2002and 2003-2004 respectively. As we know, the fourth investigation started since July 2005 was quite different from the previous ones, but focused on Chinese power industry. Would you please introduce the background of this project?

  12. Trichodina nobilis Chen, 1963 and Trichodina reticulata Hirschmann et Partsch, 1955 from ornamental freshwater fishes in Brazil.

    Martins, M L; Marchiori, N; Roumbedakis, K; Lami, F


    In the present work Trichodina reticulata and T. nobilis (Ciliophora: Trichodinidae) are morphologically characterised from ornamental freshwater fish culture in the State of Santa Catarina, Brazil. The prevalence of infection and a list of comparative measurements are discussed. We examined "southern platyfish" Xiphophorus maculatus (n = 35), "goldfish" Carassius auratus (n = 31), "guppy" Poecilia reticulata (n = 20), "sailfin molly" Poecilia latipinna (n = 6), "beta" Betta splendens (n = 2) and "spotted headstander" Chilodus punctatus (n = 1). After being anesthetised in a benzocaine solution, fishes were examined for parasitological evaluation. A total of 51.57% fishes were parasitised by Trichodina spp. Carassius auratus was the most parasitised species, followed by X. maculatus and P. reticulata. Beta splendens, C. punctatus and P. latipinna were not parasitised by any trichodinid species. Two species of Trichodina were collected from the skin of fish: T. nobilis was found in C. auratus, P. reticulata and X. maculatus and T. reticulata was only observed in C. auratus. The importance of adequate handling in ornamental fish culture are also discussed.

  13. Trichodina nobilis Chen, 1963 and Trichodina reticulata Hirschmann et Partsch, 1955 from ornamental freshwater fishes in Brazil

    ML. Martins; Marchiori,N.; Roumbedakis,K.; F Lami


    In the present work Trichodina reticulata and T. nobilis (Ciliophora: Trichodinidae) are morphologically characterised from ornamental freshwater fish culture in the State of Santa Catarina, Brazil. The prevalence of infection and a list of comparative measurements are discussed. We examined "southern platyfish" Xiphophorus maculatus (n = 35), "goldfish" Carassius auratus (n = 31), "guppy" Poecilia reticulata (n = 20), "sailfin molly" Poecilia latipinna (n = 6), "beta" Betta splendens (n = 2)...

  14. Chem TV: Choices I, v. 1.5.1 (by B. A. Luceigh, P. Ngo, and J. Chen)

    Kraig Steffen, L.


    CHEM TV: Sunland, CA, 1998. 24.95, students; 59.95, faculty. This CD-ROM presents a series of interactive overviews and drills for students of organic chemistry. The material covered is generally taught in the first semester. This suite is much more than a simple presentation of material and, for students sufficiently motivated to take the time and work with the problems, will provide valuable review. Five interactive spaces are provided: concentration drills that emphasize recall of related structures/names, reagents/reactions, and stereochemistry; a structural review based on epinephrine; interactive synthesis projects; arcade game reagent review; and a set of timed self-tests. The CD-ROM installed and ran without problem on a Power PC Mac and on a Pentium running Windows 95. The program did fail to run when a student reviewing it switched to a very new version of Windows Quick Time. Most of the drills ran without a problem, although at times it was unclear how to respond to queries. I turned off the music, which would be much less annoying if the loops were simply longer. Publishers are flooding the market with add-on computer-based materials for the various levels of chemistry. Many constitute little more than a stack of overheads. This is one that may be of sufficient value to warrant the extra cost. A large number of examples are provided for many of the areas covered. Most of the graphical interfaces are clear and easy to manipulate, with the exception of a couple of mechanistic screens that had hard-to-figure-out arrows. Two sections, or modules, are of special note. The first of these is the synthesis challenges, where students must choose reactants, reagents, and reaction conditions for a particular reaction. These synthesis problems are well thought out and can be challenging. It is unfortunate that there are only five of them. The Self-Tests module is also of great practical value, forcing students to work through a variety of topics (200 problems) with limited time allotted per test. The structures are clear and easy to view and include a large number of three-dimensional molecular models that help make the connection between simple line drawings and actual molecules. More feedback information on incorrect answers would be nice, although it is obvious that this can balloon into an unworkable situation if every possible "wrong" answer is considered. The structure summary, which uses a single complicated molecule to review a large range of structural topics, is a good integrated look at bonding, stereochemistry, and conformational analysis. The concentration game is informative, albeit a bit obtuse on a few of the answers! The selection drills, a shooting gallery game with various chemical targets, seems a bit silly, but then if one can learn to recognize all the major reducing agents by snagging butterflies with faux nets than this could be helpful! With its varying levels of difficulty, this set of modules should be accessible even to weaker students and yet will provide a challenge for the more advanced. A great future addition would be an interactive module builder that allows faculty to modify existing questions and add their own. How can one effectively use this program? The relatively low cost does make it accessible for individual students to purchase, perhaps as a "recommended" item for the class. Another very practical option is to purchase 5-10 copies (assuming a class size of around 30-40) and make them available through a common computer laboratory (or an appropriate network site-license arrangement) or for check-out to small groups of students. One drawback is that only about 1/3 of the major topics that fill the year in organic are covered. I have used some of the drills as in-class interactive examples with a projector and laptop. This type of interactive tutorial-quiz-based program is a welcome change from the simple textbook on a CD-ROM approach. Given easy access to computers and an environment that encourages individual and small-group interactions, I believe this program can be a worthwhile aid for students of organic chemistry.

  15. Embryo development in association with asymbiotic seed germination in vitro of Paphiopedilum armeniacum S. C. Chen et F. Y. Liu

    Zhang, Yan-Yan; Wu, Kun-Lin; Zhang, Jian-Xia; Deng, Ru-Fang; Duan, Jun; Teixeira da Silva, Jaime A.; Huang, Wei-Chang; Zeng, Song-Jun


    This paper documents the key anatomical features during the development of P. armeniacum zygotic embryos and their ability to germinate asymbiotically in vitro. This study also examines the effect of media and seed pretreatments on seed germination and subsequent seedling growth. Seeds collected from pods 45 days after pollination (DAP) did not germinate while 95 DAP seeds displayed the highest seed germination percentage (96.2%). Most seedlings (50%) developed to stage 5 from 110 DAP seeds whose compact testa had not yet fully formed. Suspensor cells were vacuolated, which enabled the functional uptake of nutrients. The optimum basal medium for seed germination and subsequent protocorm development was eighth-strength Murashige and Skoog (1/8MS) for 95 DAP seeds and ¼MS for 110 DAP seeds. Poor germination was displayed by 140 DAP seeds with a compact testa. Pretreatment of dry mature seeds (180 DAP) with 1.0% sodium hypochlorite solution for 90 min or 40 kHz of ultrasound for 8 min improved germination percentage from 0 to 29.2% or to 19.7%, respectively. Plantlets that were at least 5 cm in height were transplanted to a Zhijing stone substrate for orchids, and 85.3% of plantlets survived 180 days after transplanting. PMID:26559888

  16. Discussion on "Gaining Efficiency via Weight Estimators for Multivariate Failure Time Data" by Fan, Zhou and Chen

    KUK Anthony


    @@ The survival analysis literature has always lagged behind the categorical data literature in developing methods to analyze clustered or multivariate data. While estimators based on working correlation matrices, optimal weighting, composite likelihood and various variants have been proposed in the categorical data literature, the working independence estimator is still very much the prevalent estimator in multivariate survival data analysis.

  17. Translation and Poetry: Preface to Lost in Translation, the collection of poems and translations by Yihai Chen

    Susan Bassnett


    @@ The American poet Robert Frost (1874-1963) suggested that poetry gets lost in translation, an opinion that unfortunately has been widely publicised. This view, of course, is a conceit: not only does poetry NOT always get lost in translation, often it is through translation that poetry flourishes. For translation is one of the principal ways in which a literature can reinvigorate itself, can look outwards at other forms of writing and discover and then develop those forms.

  18. Methodology of Leaving America for Asia: Reading South Korea's Social Studies Textbooks through Chen Kuan-Hsing's Asia as Method

    Rhee, Jeong-eun


    This project began as a content analysis of five South Korean high school Social Studies textbooks. Yet, it has evolved into an epistemological experiment to pursue the question of "what does it mean to leave America for Asia, at least methodologically, for the researcher who left Asia for America?" Using the textbooks as a mediating…

  19. Research on Chen Ran's Writing about Transgender Issues%论陈染的“超性别”写作




  20. 陈水扁又玩"三通"牌%Editorial: Chen Shui-bian Playing the "Three Links" Card Again


    @@ 早就料到陈水扁会再玩"三通"牌. 果不其然,8月13日,陈水扁抛出两岸三阶段直航时程表,紧接着,8月15日,台湾"行政院"公布"两岸直航技术评估报告",紧锣密鼓,一副煞有介事之状,台湾媒体跟着炒作,然而不知相信者有几人?

  1. Embryo development in association with asymbiotic seed germination in vitro of Paphiopedilum armeniacum S. C. Chen et F. Y. Liu.

    Zhang, Yan-Yan; Wu, Kun-Lin; Zhang, Jian-Xia; Deng, Ru-Fang; Duan, Jun; Teixeira da Silva, Jaime A; Huang, Wei-Chang; Zeng, Song-Jun


    This paper documents the key anatomical features during the development of P. armeniacum zygotic embryos and their ability to germinate asymbiotically in vitro. This study also examines the effect of media and seed pretreatments on seed germination and subsequent seedling growth. Seeds collected from pods 45 days after pollination (DAP) did not germinate while 95 DAP seeds displayed the highest seed germination percentage (96.2%). Most seedlings (50%) developed to stage 5 from 110 DAP seeds whose compact testa had not yet fully formed. Suspensor cells were vacuolated, which enabled the functional uptake of nutrients. The optimum basal medium for seed germination and subsequent protocorm development was eighth-strength Murashige and Skoog (1/8MS) for 95 DAP seeds and ¼MS for 110 DAP seeds. Poor germination was displayed by 140 DAP seeds with a compact testa. Pretreatment of dry mature seeds (180 DAP) with 1.0% sodium hypochlorite solution for 90 min or 40 kHz of ultrasound for 8 min improved germination percentage from 0 to 29.2% or to 19.7%, respectively. Plantlets that were at least 5 cm in height were transplanted to a Zhijing stone substrate for orchids, and 85.3% of plantlets survived 180 days after transplanting.

  2. New World species of the genus Calliscelio Ashmead (Hymenoptera, Platygastridae, Scelioninae)

    Chen, Hua-yan; Masner, Lubomír; Johnson, Norman F.


    Abstract The genus Calliscelio Ashmead is presumed to be a diverse group of parasitoids of the eggs of crickets (Orthoptera: Gryllidae). A least one species has been found to be an important factor in depressing cricket pest populations. The New World species of Calliscelio are revised. Forty-two species are recognized, 3 are redescribed: Calliscelio bisulcatus (Kieffer), Calliscelio laticinctus Ashmead, Calliscelio rubriclavus (Ashmead), comb. n.; and 38 are described as new: Calliscelio absconditum Chen & Johnson, sp. n., Calliscelio absum Chen & Johnson, sp. n., Calliscelio alcoa Chen & Masner, sp. n., Calliscelio amadoi Chen & Johnson, sp. n., Calliscelio armila Chen & Masner, sp. n., Calliscelio bidens Chen & Masner, sp. n., Calliscelio brachys Chen & Johnson, sp. n., Calliscelio brevinotaulus Chen & Johnson, sp. n., Calliscelio brevitas Chen & Johnson, sp. n., Calliscelio carinigena Chen & Johnson, sp. n., Calliscelio crater Chen & Johnson, sp. n., Calliscelio crena Chen & Johnson, sp. n., Calliscelio eboris Chen & Johnson, sp. n., Calliscelio extenuatus Chen & Johnson, sp. n., Calliscelio flavicauda Chen & Johnson, sp. n., Calliscelio foveolatus Chen & Johnson, sp. n., Calliscelio gatineau Chen & Johnson, sp. n., Calliscelio glaber Chen & Masner, sp. n., Calliscelio granulatus Chen & Masner, sp. n., Calliscelio latifrons Chen & Johnson, sp. n., Calliscelio levis Chen & Johnson, sp. n., Calliscelio longius Chen & Johnson, sp. n., Calliscelio magnificus Chen & Masner, sp. n., Calliscelio migma Chen & Johnson, sp. n., Calliscelio minutia Chen & Johnson, sp. n., Calliscelio paraglaber Chen & Johnson, sp. n., Calliscelio pararemigio Chen & Masner, sp. n., Calliscelio prolixus Chen & Johnson, sp. n., Calliscelio punctatifrons Chen & Johnson, sp. n., Calliscelio remigio Chen & Masner, sp. n., Calliscelio ruga Chen & Johnson, sp. n., Calliscelio rugicoxa Chen & Masner, sp. n., Calliscelio sfina Chen & Johnson, sp. n., Calliscelio storea Chen & Johnson, sp. n

  3. Infrared thermography fails to visualize stimulation-induced meridian-like structures: comment by Rixin Chen and Zhimai Lv and reply from Gerhard Litscher


    A comment on G. Litscher: Infrared thermography fails to visualize stimulation-induced meridian-like structures. Biomed. Eng. OnLine 2005, 4:38 (15 June 2005), with a response by the author. PMID:21906400

  4. Methodology of Leaving America for Asia: Reading South Korea’s Social Studies Textbooks through Chen Kuan-Hsing’s Asia as Method

    Joungh-eun Rhee


    Full Text Available This project began as a content analysis of five South Korean high school Social Studies textbooks. Yet, it has evolved into an epistemological experiment to pursue the question of “what does it mean to leave America for Asia, at least methodologically, for the researcher who left Asia for America?” Using the textbooks as a mediating site, therefore, I articulate a process that engages with, moves toward, and develops deimperializing methodology. More specifically, I interweave Kuan-Hsing Chen’s Asia as Method: Toward Deimperialization (2010 with my data by analyzing the data through Asia as Method and reading and practicing Asia as Method as methodology. This allows me to move away from fixating on the West as a reference point even through my critique. Rather, I work to produce geo-historically grounded knowledge for specific interventions at this mediating site toward the movements of decolonization, de-cold war, and deimperialization. In the process, I discuss how Asia as Method as methodology provokes political, psychological, and social engagements of everyday, multiplies reference points for knowledge production, and requires a researcher to re-work on one’s subjectivity inevitably constituted by imperialism.

  5. Spinnen ökologischer Ausgleichsflächen in den Schweizer Kantonen Aargau und Schaffhausen (Arachnida: Araneae – mit Anmerkungen zu Phrurolithus nigrinus (Corinnidae

    Blick, Theo


    Full Text Available The spider fauna of open habitats adjacent to arable land was investigated in northern Switzerland. The three habitat types were (1 herbaceous edges of fields (Sa, (2 fallow land sowed with flowers (BB, and (3 grass borders of fields (GS. Four funnel pitfall traps (10 cm diameter were used to catch spiders in three stripe-types in two geographical regions in two years over 5 weeks in May and June: in total 12 sets of data. Spider species typical for open habitats were dominant, mostly lycosids (6 of the 10 most active species. The results were analysed together with environmental factors using a canonical correspondence analysis (CCA and spiders were compared with carabid beetles (Coeloptera: Carabidae. Geographical region, though not very distant, had the largest influence on both spiders and carabids. The age and type of the habitats had a stronger influence on spiders than on carabids. In spiders a larger part of the total variance was explained by the analysed factors. Finally we discuss briefly a remarkable spider species. A review of all known records of Phrurolithus nigrinus in Switzerland and Germany, together with adjacent regions in France, is given. Its phenology is indicated, its habitat discussed and the overall distribution within Europe is listed.

  6. A Poem to Mourn with Deep Grief for Prof. Chen-Lu Tsou%悼邹承鲁先生仙逝词一首



    @@ 邹承鲁先生治丧委员会: 惊悉邹先生仙逝,回忆1959年上半年和1960年下半年先后的邹先生实验室学习和工作约一年,受益非浅,多年来,得到邹先生的关照和帮助,谨赋诗一首以誌掉念.

  7. Bya rog prog zhu, The raven crest : the life and teachings of bDe chen 'od gsal rdo rje treasure revealer of contemporary Tibet

    Terrone, Antonio


    This research starts from the historical assertion that notwithstanding their claim of increased religious tolerance, the dramatic post-Mao political campaigns have continued to weaken the pervasive force of religious faith, traditional monastery-centered religious power, religious leadership, and e

  8. On Yan Geling's Chen Xue%拖着长辫的中国男人--试论严歌苓的《橙血》




  9. 陈基长教授正骨治伤经验介绍%Prof. Chen Jizhang' s Experience on the Treatment of Fracture and Osteopathy

    黄枫; 唐勇; 郑晓辉; 何才勇; 林梓凌



  10. 影响我国IPO费用的主要因素%The Main Factors of Effecting CHEN Su-I On Our Country's IPO Costs

    陈苏丽; 李锐


    For recognizing the IPO issuance expenses of Mainland China to the cause of the high, this paper from Maori difference, the degree of market concentration and issue size and Hong Kong for a comparative analysis, the results show that the mainland China market concentration is high, and significantly higher than the rate of Hong Kong. The empirical results response Chinese market mechanism and the reputation of the securities company principal-agent mechanism also has the obvious flaw, long-term price mechanism can damage or the interests of the listed company.%为认清中国大陆IPO发行费用居高不下的原因,本文从毛利差、市场集中程度和发行规模与香港进行了对比分析,实证结果表明:中国大陆市场集中度和费率明显高于香港。该实证结果反应了中国市场上证券商的声誉机制和公司委托代理机制还存在明显缺陷,长期抑价机制损害了上市公司的利益。

  11. 云计算在检察机关的应用前景浅析%Prospects of Cloud Computing in the ProsecutionAuthor Chen Li



      Each industry must studies on cloud computing because of cloud computing from concept to practical. This article starts from the prosecution cloud computing applications exploration, according to demand characteristics of prosecution, discusses the prospects of cloud computing in China's prosecution and the security problems need to be solved.%  随着云计算从概念走向实用,各行业都对云计算进行一定地研究。文章从检察机关云计算应用探索入手,针对检察机关业务需求特性,探讨了云计算在我国检察机关应用的前景及需要解决的安全问题。

  12. The effect of exercise training on the metabolic interaction between feeding and locomotion in the juvenile southern catfish (Silurus meridionalis Chen).

    Li, Xiu-Ming; Cao, Zhen-Dong; Fu, Shi-Jian


    The southern catfish exhibits the largest decrease in critical swimming speeds (U(crit)) during digestion among the fish species that have been investigated. To test whether the maximum metabolic capacity of the southern catfish was improved after exercise training to alleviate the competitive interaction between digestion and swimming, we measured postprandial metabolic responses, U(crit) and oxygen consumption rates (MO(2)) during swimming in both fasting and digesting fish. Twenty-one days of training (50 min swimming at 60% U(crit) followed by 10 min chasing) did not produce significant differences in resting MO(2) (MO(2rest)) or postprandial peak MO(2) (MO(2peak)). However, it did result in a significant decrease in energy expenditure during digestion. Feeding caused a significant decrease in U(crit) and an increase in active MO(2) (MO(2active)), whereas training caused a significant increase in U(crit) but no significant change in MO(2active). Neither digestion nor training had a significant effect on metabolic scope (MO(2active)-MO(2rest)). Training had no interactive effect on postprandial changes in any measured variable, so we conclude that training did not alleviate the competitive interaction between digestion and swimming. Our results suggest that: (1) the metabolic capacity of nontrained fish cannot support the metabolic demands of both digestion and locomotion simultaneously, and swimming metabolism, therefore, is sacrificed to sustain digestion when feeding and locomotion are combined (digestion-prioritization mode); (2) the metabolic capacity and metabolic mode of competition did not change after training, but trained fish did exhibit improved swimming performance, possibly due to their increased rate of O(2) extraction.

  13. 谈家桢与瓢虫遗传研究%Tan Chia-Chen and His Genetic Research on Ladybird Beetles

    吴燕华; 卢大儒


    谈家桢先生是国际著名的遗传学家,中国现代遗传学的奠基人,他一生最为重要的研究成果来自于亚洲瓢虫为实验对象的经典遗传学及群体遗传学的研究.从20世纪30年代到70年代,谈先生和他的学生们对亚洲瓢虫鞘翅色斑遗传变异这一课题进行了深入研究,提出了亚洲瓢虫色斑变异的镶嵌显性(也叫嵌镶显性.mosaic dominance)遗传理论.这一理论的提出对经典遗传学理论的发展具有重要意义.

  14. Einfluß der Gewässerversauerung auf Hyporheos und Bryorheos: Untersuchungen an zwei Waldbächen im Westharz

    Wulfhorst, Jochen


    Im Rahmen der Fallstudie Harz sollte an der Schnittstelle zwischen Grundlagenforschung und angewandter Forschung ein Beitrag zur Klärung der Frage geleistet werden, inwieweit zwei Zuläufe der Sösetalsperre im Westharz versauert bzw. versauerungsgefährdet sind; aus diesem Stausee wird Trinkwasser für mehrere Gemeinden in Norddeutschland gewonnen. Die Belastung des fast vollständig bewaldeten Einzugsgebiets der Sösetalsperre mit luftbürtigen Schadstoffen (Saurer Regen...

  15. Ordinary Scenes Illustrate SpecialAtmosp here under Their Brushes——Appreciating the art ofZhou Tao,Chen Yi and Zhang Xin


    In the past, many Chinese artists have beenafraid they would be criticized for lagging behindthe world in their conceptions. They are eager todo something unconventional or unorthodox. Theiractions are very similar with the trend Liu Xie

  16. 陈云"鸟和笼子"理论与我国经济安全%Chen Yun's Essay on Bird and Cage, and Our Economic Security




  17. Chen Jiongming and Modern Feminist Movement of Guangdong%陈炯明与近代广东女权运动




  18. 论陈洪绶高古异特的人物画审美样式%Chen Hongshou's Figure Painting of Primitive and Unique Simplicity



    @@ 陈洪绶(1598-1652),字章侯,号老莲,他是我国明末清初一个继承传统又开创新局的卓越画家,其绘画艺术特别是人物绘画有着独特的审美价值,在中国人物画发展史上,占有极为重要的地位.其人物画样式,对当代人物画的发展,具有深远的影响.

  19. Comments on the article by Chen-Scarabelli and Scarabelli: history of medicine in the 'hidden world' and relevant articles in systematic reviews.

    Benchimol-Barbosa, Paulo Roberto


    When writing a review manuscript, choosing among potentially citable references is an arduous task. Decisions are commonly based on several aspects, ranging from obvious content relevance, passing through impact factor of the journal in which a prospective citable article was written, and reaching to sovereign personal preferences. Articles written in non-English languages or ranked in low impact factor journals are generally overlooked. On the other hand, articles published by outstanding physicians in the 'hidden world' may bear historical relevance and foster scientific progress.

  20. CNPC to Be Made Global Competitive Multinational Corporation--Mr.Chen Geng's View on Oil Situation and CNPC's Development Scheme in the New Era


    @@ Five fundamental judgments on oil securitysituation With the revival of world economy and acceleration of globalization, and with China's rapid growth in national economy and improved market accessibility,both global and domestic macro situations are undergoing profound changes.

  1. Complete mitochondrial genome of the Southern catfish (Silurus meridionalis Chen) and Chinese catfish (S. asotus Linnaeus): Structure, phylogeny, and intraspecific variation.

    Wang, Q R; Xu, C; Xu, C R; Wang, R J


    The complete mitochondrial genome of the Southern catfish (Silurus meridionalis) and the Chinese catfish (S. asotus), was determined using the long and accurate polymerase chain reaction (LA-PCR) method. The mitochondrial DNA nucleotide sequences of S. meridionalis and S. asotus were compared with those of 47 other catfish species in the same order. The total length of mitochondrial DNA for S. meridionalis and S. asotus was 16,526 and 16,525 bp, respectively, and included 13 protein-coding genes, 2 ribosomal RNA genes, 22 transfer RNA genes, and a non-coding control region. This mitochondrial gene arrangement is identical to that observed in other Siluriformes. To determine the relative phylogenetic positions of S. meridionalis and S. asotus, and to discover phylogenetic relationships among 24 families of Siluriformes, analyses were conducted, based on mitochondrial DNA, 12S ribosomal RNA, 16S ribosomal RNA, and 13 protein-coding gene sequence data sets. Phylogenetic analyses were congruent with a basal split of the order into Clupeiformes, Characiformes, Cypriniformes, and Siluriformes, and supported a closer relationship of the Southern catfish (family Siluridae) and the Chinese catfish (family Siluridae) to Pimelodidae than to Bagridae. We concluded that these two species are part of a molecular clade that is different from that proposed in recent studies, in which Amblycipitidae appears as a sister group. Our results showed Amblycipitidae appearing as the most basal extant, and Bagridae appearing as a sister group of Cranoglanididae and Pangasiidae. The Siluriformes showed close phylogenetic relationship to the Characiformes.

  2. Stability of time-delay systems, Keqin Gu, Vladimir L. Kharitonov, Jie Chen, Birkhäuser, Boston, 2003, ISBN 0-8176-4212-9.

    Sename, Olivier


    International audience; The importance oftime delays in control is now well recognized in a wide range ofapplications (transportation systems, communication networks, teleoperation systems, etc.). However, even ifsome fundamental results were obtained 40 years ago during the early space explorations (Bellman & Cooke, 1963; Morse, 1976; Kamen, 1978; Manitius &Triggiani, 1978), time-delay systems have actually been the subject ofintensi ve research works since the nineties. This is probably due...

  3. 不应称陈氏为周恩来继母%Chen Shi shall not be called Zhou Enlai's stepmother




  4. Chen Fuqiang Happy Ideals of Jinyang Restaurant 's New Manager%陈富强晋阳饭庄新经理的幸福理想




  5. GC测定二陈丸中柠檬烯的含量%Determination of limonene in Er Chen Pill by GC

    胡蓓莉; 张艺; 李琴韵; 张雷


    目的:采用气相色谱法对二陈丸(陈皮、半夏、茯苓、甘草)中的柠檬烯进行含量测定,以控制产品的质量.方法:采用HP6890全自动气相色谱仪对二陈丸中的柠檬烯的含量进行测定.色谱条件:HP-1 Methyl Siloxane 30m×320μm×0.25μm柱;FID检测器温度250°C;进样口温度250℃;氮气流量1mL·min-1;程序升温条件为100°C(保留2min),然后30°C·min-1至250°C;分流比100:1;进样量1μL.结果:结果表明柠檬烯在0.45μg~1.80μg范围里呈较好的线性关系,其回归方程为Y=0.9873X+0.0794(r=0.9995);平均回收率为99.6%(n=3,RSD=6.9%);样品中柠檬烯含量为78.4mg·g-1(RSD=3.2%).结论:本法简单、快捷、灵敏.

  6. Untersuchung des Reinigungseffektes von Ultraschall auf Oberflächen von Chirurgie-Instrumenten und dessen prototypische Umsetzung in ein Dekontaminationsverfahren

    Kahlen, Insa


    Viele Medizinprodukte aus der Chirurgie stellen besonders hohe Anforderungen an ihre Aufbereitung, da sie z.B. wie die so genannten „Langschaftinstrumente“ enge und sehr langgestreckte Lumen aufweisen, die zum Teil nicht einsehbar sind. Laut der Richtlinie „Anforderungen an die Hygiene bei der Aufbereitung von Medizinprodukten“ vom RKI und der BfArM soll die Aufbereitung von solchen Medizinprodukten durch Anwendung validierter Verfahren durchgeführt werden und der Erfolg stets nachvollziehbar...

  7. Comparison of Teaching Approaches of Chen Heqin and Maria Montessori%陈鹤琴与蒙特梭利教学法比较

    杨庆; 田景正



  8. Diskrepanz: Die EU-Frauenpolitik zwischen Deregulierung und Gleichheitsansprüchen Internal Discrepancies: EU Women’s Policies between Deregulation and Claims to Equality

    Ingrid Biermann


    Full Text Available In von neun Autorinnen verfassten Beiträgen gibt der Band Einblicke in zentrale Felder der EU-Politik: die europäische Wirtschafts- und Währungsunion (EWWU, die Strukturpolitik, die Gleichstellungspolitik und das Gender Mainstreaming, die Osterweiterung sowie die Ausarbeitung einer europäischen Verfassung. Damit werden wesentliche Teile des Maastricht-Vertrags (1992, des Amsterdamer Vertrags (1997 und des Nizza-Vertrags (2000 behandelt. Hierdurch bildet dieser Band eine wichtige Grundlage für die Diskussion über die Frauenpolitik der EU.This anthology, consisting of nine essays written by women authors, offers insights into central areas of EU politics: the European Economic and Currency Union, structural policies, policies dealing with gender equality, the expansion of the EU, as well as the creation of a new European constitution. These policies include relevant parts of the 1992 Maastricht Treaty, the 1997 Treaty of Amsterdam, and the 2000 Treaty of Nizza. The information and insights presented here make this book an important basis for any discussions about EU women’s policies.

  9. Análisis lingüístico de chistes del tipo "¿Cómo se dice 99 en chino? Cachi chen"

    Arguedas Cortés, Gilda Rosa


    Hay muchos tipos de chistes en sistemas de estructura y tema; sin embargo, todos ellos comparten la característica de ser breve y que se les dice con el fin de provocar risa. Además de mostrar el ingenio y dominio de la persona que les dice en términos de gestos, entonación y la imitación, el propósito es entretener a la audiencia. Este artículo analiza las bromas con la estructura "¿Cómo se dice x en alemán, chino, Portugués, árabe, etc? "La respuesta corresponde a una glosa de la palabra, f...

  10. Abstracts——Power Resources and Applications: A Study of China' s Power Strategy ChenZhimin Chang Lulu (4)


    The debate whether power is a kind of resources or an application of resources shows the complexities of the concept of power. By combining both perspectives, the authors argue that it is possible to develop a new categorization of power: soft power, soft hard pow- er, hard soft power and hard power. Compared with the US and the European Union, the au- thors argue that if the American power strategy could be seen as "omnidirectional American primacy" and EU "omnidirectional post-sovereignty", China' s power strategy at the moment is best described as an "attraction-defense" one. With relatively limited tangible and intan- gible power resources, China relies more on attraction than coercion, and focuses more on defense rather than shaping. Finally, the authors propose to improve China' s power strategy by prioritizing soft hard economy power, upgrading soft power, extending military soft hard power, moderately developing hard power function while maintaining the central role and hard soft power, and expanding its shaping of its defensive function.

  11. Bya rog prog zhu, The raven crest : the life and teachings of bDe chen 'od gsal rdo rje treasure revealer of contemporary Tibet

    Terrone, Antonio


    This research starts from the historical assertion that notwithstanding their claim of increased religious tolerance, the dramatic post-Mao political campaigns have continued to weaken the pervasive force of religious faith, traditional monastery-centered religious power, religious leadership, and e

  12. 實徵研究/家庭情境中的網路使用行為:多元面向的情境架構初探/陳怡蓁 │ Web-Using Behavior in Context of the Home Use Environment: Toward a Multidimensional Framework / Yi-Chen Chen

    陳怡蓁 Yi-Chen Chen


    Full Text Available 近年來,網際網路逐漸滲透人們的日常生活:在台灣,家中網路使用人口亦大幅增加,顯示我國民眾的家戶日常生活與網際網路之間已產生密切的關連。然 而,在過去的網路使用者行為相關研究中,較少以家庭為主要分析場域去討論家庭情境中的網路使用行為,因而引發本研究之動機。既然家戶是人們主要上網地點, 且家庭又是一個重要的社會互動單位;本文試圖將家庭視為一種資訊使用環境,從情境的概念來探索家庭網路使用環境下的情境面向,並且建立一個多元面向的情境 架構模式。本研究採用文獻分析法,彙整國內外相關研究,特別是有關家庭網路使用之實證研究:藉由對相關文獻的分析,一方面描繪出一般家庭的網路使用現況,一方面也試圖歸納出家庭環境對於網路使用行為提供了哪些情境面向,進而建構一家庭使用環境下的情境架構。言 研究結果發現,家庭作為資訊使用環境的情境層級,它既是實體空間環境,也是社會生活環境,提供人類資訊行為一組特定情境的面向:包含:環境本身的特性和社 會條件、環境中的空間配置、環境中的時間分配、環境中的參與成員、環境中的人際互動、以及環境中的資訊活動與需求。而且,這些面向並不是獨立運作的,是在 動態的框架中彼此產生關連。整體而言,As more people gain at-home access to the Internet, information behaviors on the Web has become embedded in everyday life. The objective of this study was to characterize the home as the context of information use environment level and to explore the framework of web-use behaviors in context at home. In this framework, the context of home use environment appears to be a multidimensional construct.In this paper, the author reviewed the literature and analyzed the empirical findings from Internet surveys, web user studies of the home environment, and information behavior studies of the context, etc. Based on the analysis, the author pointed out the multidimensional framework about the context of the home use environment.Findings indicated that the home provided a distinct information use environment beyond physical setting alone in which members used the Web for diverse purposes and interests. This framework is multidimensional, including the properties or conditions of the environment, space of the environment, time allocation of the environment, participants of the environment, social interaction of the environment, and information activities of the environment. A framework is being developed at present; however, future empirical research will be needed to determine the reliability of this finding.頁次:81-92

  13. Commentary on: "An integrated metabolic atlas of clear cell renal cell carcinoma." Hakimi AA, Reznik E, Lee CH, Creighton CJ, Brannon AR, Luna A, Aksoy BA, Liu EM, Shen R, Lee W, Chen Y, Stirdivant SM, Russo P, Chen YB, Tickoo SK, Reuter VE, Cheng EH, Sander C, Hsieh JJ.: Cancer Cell. 2016 Jan 11;29(1):104-16.

    Lee, Byron H


    Dysregulated metabolism is a hallmark of cancer, manifested through alterations in metabolites. We performed metabolomic profiling on 138 matched clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC)/normal tissue pairs and found that ccRCC is characterized by broad shifts in central carbon metabolism, one-carbon metabolism, and antioxidant response. Tumor progression and metastasis were associated with metabolite increases in glutathione and cysteine/methionine metabolism pathways. We develop an analytic pipeline and visualization tool (metabolograms) to bridge the gap between TCGA transcriptomic profiling and our metabolomic data, which enables us to assemble an integrated pathway-level metabolic atlas and to demonstrate discordance between transcriptome and metabolome. Lastly, expression profiling was performed on a high-glutathione cluster, which corresponds to a poor-survival subgroup in the ccRCC TCGA cohort. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. 研究/電子資源使用統計標準與規範之探討/陳雪華;許嘉珍;朱雅琦 | Study of the Electronic Resources Usage Statistics Standards and Guidelines/ Hsueh-Hua Chen;Chia-Chen Hsu;Ya-Chi Chu



    Full Text Available

    近年來,由於資訊科技的進步,圖書館中的電子資源數量快速增加,所佔預算金額比例也大幅增長。圖書館希望能夠透過評鑑電子資源的使用,以便能夠在電 子資源館藏發展等方面做出正確的決策。由於體認到電子資源使用統計之重要性,圖書館界與相關組織紛紛發展或修訂圖書館統計標準,增列電子資源使用統計的項 目以充分反映圖書館電子資源使用之狀況。本文主要採用文獻分析法以及內容分析法,收集探討並比較近軍來國內外電子資源使用統計之相關規範及標準,包含 ISO 2789、 ICOLC Guidelines、州ANSI/NISO Z39.7、CNS13151、ARL E-Metrlcs、E-Measures Project、以及Project COUNTER等。

    Recently, due to the advances of information technology, electronic resources are gradually replacing print resources as the largest consumer of library acquisition budgets. Logically, libraries want to evaluate the usage of electronic resources and incorporate the results into their decision making regarding electronic resource acquisition. Over these years, there is a general awareness among libraries to develop statistics standards and guidelines for library electronic resources usage. In this paper, literature review and content analysis methods are used to compare several library statistics standards, including: ISO 2789 、ICOLC Guidelines、ANSI/NISO Z39.7、CNS13151、ARL E-Metrics、E-Measures Project、and Project COUNTER etc.


  15. Bioconjugation of recombinant tissue plasminogen activator to magnetic nanocarriers for targeted thrombolysis

    Yang HW


    Full Text Available Hung-Wei Yang,1,* Mu-Yi Hua,1,* Kun-Ju Lin,2,* Shiaw-Pyng Wey,3 Rung-Ywan Tsai,4 Siao-Yun Wu,5 Yi-Ching Lu,5 Hao-Li Liu,6 Tony Wu,7 Yunn-Hwa Ma5 1Chang Gung Molecular Medicine Research Center, Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, 2Molecular Imaging Center, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Kuei-Shan, Tao-Yuan, Taiwan, Republic of China; 3Department of Medical Imaging and Radiological Sciences, 4Electronics and Optoelectronics Research Laboratories, Industrial Technology Research Institute, Hsin-chu, Taiwan, Republic of China; 5Department of Physiology and Pharmacology and Healthy Aging Research Center, 6Department of Electrical Engineering, Chang Gung University, Kuei-Shan, Tao-Yuan, Taiwan, Republic of China; 7Department of Neurology, Chang Gung University College of Medicine and Memorial Hospital, Tao-Yuan, Taiwan, Republic of China*These authors contributed equally to this workAbstract: Low-toxicity magnetic nanocarriers (MNCs composed of a shell of poly [aniline-co-N-(1-one-butyric acid aniline] over a Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticle core were developed to carry recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA in MNC-rtPA for targeted thrombolysis. With an average diameter of 14.8 nm, the MNCs exerted superparamagnetic properties. Up to 276 µg of active rtPA was immobilized per mg of MNCs, and the stability of the immobilized rtPA was greatly improved during storage at 4°C and 25°C. In vitro thrombolysis testing with a tubing system demonstrated that magnet-guided MNC-rtPA showed significantly improved thrombolysis compared with free rtPA and reduced the clot lysis time from 39.2 ± 3.2 minutes to 10.8 ± 4.2 minutes. In addition, magnet-guided MNC-rtPA at 20% of the regular rtPA dose restored blood flow within 15–25 minutes of treatment in a rat embolism model without triggering hematological toxicity. In conclusion, this improved system is based on magnetic targeting accelerated thrombolysis and is

  16. Genetics Home Reference: ADCY5-related dyskinesia

    ... 27. Citation on PubMed Chen DH, Méneret A, Friedman JR, Korvatska O, Gad A, Bonkowski ES, Stessman ... or Free article on PubMed Central Chen YZ, Friedman JR, Chen DH, Chan GC, Bloss CS, Hisama ...

  17. 论温泉文化内涵的挖掘——以汝城热水温泉为例%A Study On The Meaning Of Hot Spring Culture Based on Hot Spring in Rucheng, ChenZhou



    This article, on the analysis of the hot spring culture and hot water spring tourist resources, proposes strategies to hot spring culture development, and discusses hot spring culture in the development of tourism.%文章在对温泉文化内涵进行分析的基础上,结合汝城热水温泉的旅游资源特色,对汝城温泉文化内涵的挖掘提出了相应的策略,借以探讨温泉文化在温泉旅游开发中的应用。

  18. 历史记忆与生存现场的震悚和容留--论陈超诗歌%Shock & Lingerness of Historic Memory & Alive Feelings: On Chen Chao's Poetry



    @@ 毋庸讳言,在九十年代的先锋诗歌批评话语谱系中,陈超,这位"外省人"以其客观、精省、超拔、深迥的洞见与敏识确立了属于自己的诗歌话语"考古学".他在维系诗歌的本体依据和诗人的个体主体性的同时,在时代的强行转换中,他持有了规避话语失语症的对时代的对应与回声,甚或挑战.他在"深入当代"的噬心主题的独标真知的吁求中,彰显出优异而执著的诗学禀赋和富有良知的知识分子立场.

  19. 从宣传女权到鼓吹革命——浅议陈撷芬之《女学报》%From Promoting Women's Rights to Advocating Revolution——Chen Xiefen and Her



    陈撷芬是中国近代历史上最早的女报人之一.她于1889年创办了,后改名为.该报从宣传女权到鼓吹革命,为中国女性报刊畅言革命之发轫.笔者从"谁(who)?什么(what)?对谁(whom)说?通过什么渠道(what channel)?取得什么效果(what effect)?"--著名的拉斯韦尔"5W模式"出发,来分析这份女性报刊,使人能够对该报有个比较全面的认识,并希翼现今的报人可以汲取先者之精神--为国人之福祉而走在时代前列发声.

  20. 陈寅恪与赫尔德——以了解之同情为中心%CHEN Yin-ke and Herder——A Study Centred on the Idea of Empathy




  1. Research on use of high calcium desulfurization ash in autoclaved brick CHEN Bin LIU Heng-bo WAN Jun%利用高钙固硫灰生产蒸压砖的研究

    陈滨; 刘恒波; 万军


      The paper researches on the process of high calcium desulfurization ash autoclaved brick, and puts forward the ways to use the high calcium, high sulfur and low silicon of fly ash from the circulating fluidized bed boiler.%  对高钙固硫灰生产蒸压砖的生产工艺进行了研究,提出了重点解决循环流化床锅炉粉煤灰的高钙、高硫、低硅难题的有效途径。

  2. The inscription in Dunhuang Sutras by Tibetan dPal Chen Po preserved in Gansu%甘藏吐蕃钵阐布敦煌校经题记




  3. 王淳、陈洁荣获维拉-罗伯斯钢琴比赛冠亚军%Wang Chun and Chen Jie Won First and Second Prizes Pespectively in the Valla Lobos

    黄伟贤; 张琴素


    第一届巴西维拉-罗伯斯(Valla Lobos)国际钢琴比赛于2006年8月14日至19日在巴西圣保罗的“圣保罗音乐厅”举行。来自世界各地有20名选手(实际参赛选手为17名),其中三名选手来自中国。

  4. Research about the relevant factors of late thrombosis in drug-eluting stents ZHANG Hai-jun, CHEN Huixiao,%药物涂层支架晚期血栓形成相关因素的分析

    张海军; 杨静; 李曦; 陈会校; 张强; 李俊峡; 齐书英; 李鑫平; 崔俊玉; 孔令海; 石勇


    Objective To investigate the relevant factors of late thrombosis in drug-eluting stents (DES). Methods The patients ( n=30 ) with late thrombosis in stent after DES implantation ( thrombosis group ) and patients ( n=30 ) without thrombosis instent for at least 1 year ( control group ) were chosen from Jan. 2008 to Jan. 2013. and the adherent situation and stent position as well as the length and diameter were all conculated by 64 SCT, meanwhile the history of all the patients were collcted for further analysis. Results Compared with control group, the incidence of DES malapposition ( 60.0% vs. 10.0% ) , ratio of applying squeezing bracket technique ( 36.7% vs. 13.3% ) , incidence of bifurcation lesion ( 43.3% vs. 16.7% ) , and implantation ratio of multiple DES ( >4, 33.3% vs. 0 ) were all higher in thrombosis group, and at the same time, the average stent length was longer [ ( 39.2 ± 20 ) mm vs. ( 21.7 ± 7 ) mm] and average stent diameter was larger [ ( 3.0 ± 0.5 ) mm vs. ( 2.5 ± 0.5 ) mm, P<0.05], The incidences of complicated decrease of left ventricular ejection fraction ( LVEF ) , diabetes, renal insufficiency and premature discontinuation of dual antiplatelet treatment were all higher in thrombosis group than those in control group. Conclusion There're many factors for the thrombosis in DES, including complex lesions, stenting too much or too long, as well as the history of diabetes, renal insufficiency, also lack of anticoagulation.%目的 探讨药物涂层支架(DES)晚期血栓形成的相关因素.方法 分别纳入我院2008年1月~2013年1月DES置入术后发生晚期血栓患者30例(血栓组)和置入DES 1年以上未发生支架内血栓患者30例(对照组),通过64SCT冠状动脉成像观测支架贴壁情况、支架置入部位个数及长度与直径,采集病史分析晚期血栓的危险因素.结果 与对照组相比,血栓组支架贴壁不良发生率(60.0%vs.10.0%)、采用挤压支架技术(crush技术)比例(36.7% vs.13.3%)、分叉病变发生率(43.3% vs.16.7%)、多支架(>4)置入比例(33.3% vs.0)均较高;支架平均长度较长[(39.2±20)mm vs.(21.7±7)mm],同时支架平均直径也较大[(3.0±0.5)mm vs.(2.5±0.5)mm],差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05);另外,血栓组合并左室射血分数减低、糖尿病、肾功能不全及过早停用双重抗血小板治疗的发生率明显高于正常组,有统计学差异(P<0.05).结论 DES晚期血栓形成与多种因素有关,包括复杂病变、置入支架过多、过长等,同时还与糖尿病、肾功能不全、抗凝不足等具有相关性.

  5. Bricolage between Breathing in/out: On Chen Xudong and his works%呼吸,以营造的方式--陈旭东和他的设计




  6. Narcissism in the " Personal Life" written by Chen Ran%孤芳自赏的美丽与哀愁——陈染《私人生活》中的自恋情结




  7. Construction of an Ideal Society-CHEN Du-xiu's Ideas about the First World War%理想社会建构——陈独秀对第一次世界大战的思考




  8. Research into the Anthology of Tang Poetry Compiled by chen Zi-long and His Coworkers%陈子龙等编《唐诗选》考论




  9. Silence of Sound: Research on the Creation of Diary Ⅱ by Chen Xiaoyong%寂静的声音——陈晓勇《Diary Ⅱ》的创作研究



    文章拟对陈晓勇的钢琴作品《Diary Ⅱ》进行讨论.其中不仅对作曲家音乐创作的音响观念进行思考与讨论,而且还将对支撑这种观念的创作技术——主要包括其创作中的音高组织技术、节奏组织技术以及形成音乐结构力的技巧等进行深入的研究.

  10. 昆德拉小说理论和艺术对陈忠实的影响%The Influences of Milan Kundera's Theories and Arts on CHEN Zhong-shi




  11. 审病求因治常存变%Seeking for the Cause of Disease after Careful Examination and Adoption the Alternative Method According to the Case--Professor Chen Mei's Clinical Experience on Treatment of Acne Vulgaris

    娄卫海; 王莒生


    @@ 痤疮是发生在面部和胸背部的最常见皮肤疾病,因其直接影响患者的面容和形象,所以是皮肤科重点防治的疾病之一.陈美教授对本病的辨证治疗有着丰富的经验,现总结如下.

  12. Der Fliegende Holländer in der Inszenierung von Christoph Schlingensief, Manaus 2007. Eine Annäherung anhand von Dokumenten, Aufzeichnungen und Gesprächen mit Mitarbeitern

    Anna-Catharina Gebbers


    Full Text Available The following consideration of Christoph Schlingensief’s production of The Flying Dutchman in Manaus, Brazil, in 2007 is based both on the screening of a documentary film of the performance together with film- and text-based supplementary materials as well as on interviews with members of Christoph Schlingensief’s team who were directly involved. On the one hand, there is the fundamental problem of performance analysis, while on the other hand, there are Schlingen-sief’s multifaceted procedures to be taken into account. In my view this approach comes closer to Christoph Schlingensief’s working method than does an attempt at a congruent retelling, which blurs all differences for the sake of a combined consideration. Schlingensief’s stagings were also created with a fragmentation of perspective, made possible often by a very precise script, the various production ele-ments, and site-specific features used on a par with the action.

  13. Colaborative Workshop:Participatory Community Planning/Huang Yaofu, Lang Wei, Chen Tingting, Li Xun%共同缔造工作坊:参与式社区规划的新模式

    黄耀福; 郎嵬; 陈婷婷; 李郇


    公众参与历来是中西方城市规划发展中的重要内容,但公众往往缺乏参与的机会与平台。在城市社会时期社会矛盾日益尖锐、公众主体意识不断增强的背景下,为保持城市社会凝聚力与促成公众参与,研究提出共同缔造工作坊的新模式—以公众参与为核心,依托规划师构筑政府、公众、规划师和社团等多元主体互动的平台,并结合厦门市莲花香墅共同缔造工作坊实践,解析工作坊如何引导各主体以多样化的方式参与到社区规划的多个环节中,促成各社会主体间联系的建立与发展共识的达成,通过协商共治制定规划方案并落实。此外,研究认为工作坊能够促成公众参与是因为其能够发现地方发展的诉求,并以问题为导向组织、发动公众参与社区规划,同时能够培养社区规划师、推动社区自治等。这为我国社区规划的发展提供了参考。%Public participation is important in urban rural planning, but the public usualy lack the opportunity or platform to participate. The paper raises a colaborative workshop model composed by government, public, planners, and social groups. With Xiamen Lotus House project practice as an example, the paper introduces the involvement of diferent stakeholders, how they reach an agreement and ifnaly make the plan for implementation. The paper believes colaborative workshop responds to local needs, encourages public participation in community planning, grooms community planners, and promotes self governance of communities.

  14. Chen Yun's Views on Leaders' Selection of People from a New Perspective: Their Guiding Significance%新视角下陈云的领导用人思想及指导意义




  15. 《通过语言测试带动语言教学的改革:反拨效应研究》述评%Chen Liying (2005). Changing Language Teaching through Language Testing: A Washback Study



    @@ 1.引言 鉴于测试结果往往被用来作为决策的基础或出发点,测试作为一种评估手段,在人们的生活、工作和学习中起着举足轻重的作用,影响广泛而深远.研究语言测试所产生的影响是近二十年来语言测试领域的一个重要课题(黄大勇、杨炳钧2002;亓鲁霞 2004).纵观语言测试影响研究的历史,其研究重点逐步从探讨"测试对教与学的影响"(Hughes 1989:1)发展到关注"测试对社会、教育体系以及处于这些体系中的个体所产生的影响"(Bachman & Palmer 1996:29),从理论阐述发展到实证研究.

  16. The Patients with Advanced Digestive System Carcinoma Treated with Injection Hua-chen-su%华蟾素辅助治疗晚期消化系统肿瘤近期疗效观察

    黄兆明; 陶玉



  17. About "System Poetics"——Discussion on the Differences between Chen Yin-ke and Robert Escarpit%关于"制度诗学"——论陈寅恪与埃斯卡皮之异趣




  18. 林白、陈染等女性小说创作的个人视线探析%Probe in Personal View of Woman's Private Novel Creation of Lin Bai and Chen Ran




  19. Interviewing CHEN Li-ren Head Coach of China Kickboxing Team%己欲立而立人,己欲达而达人——访中国跆拳道队总教练陈立人

    张俊婷; 宋鑫鑫


    @@ 初见身材魁梧而举止儒雅的国家跆拳道教练陈立人,是在天津韩家墅训练基地的红色办公楼里.今年10月6日,一个秋雨初晴的清凉午后,当人们还沉浸在"十一"长假的悠闲之中时,我们的"金牌教练"却还在忙碌地工作.一间风格简约的办公室,一张不大的办公桌,上面满是体育方面的书籍和资料……实在难以想像,他就是在2004年雅典奥运会上,一个健步冲到陈中面前,冲着她喊:"就是只有一条腿,你也要坚持下来"的那个严厉的教练.

  20. 童心·真心·佛心——论《陈瑞献选集》的本体价值%Childlike Innocence, Sincerity, and Buddhist Compassion: The Ontological Valeue of Chen Ruixian's Writing and Art Works




  1. Effects of different treatments on cerebellar ataxia induced by acute cerebellar infarction.Chen%不同方法治疗急性小脑梗塞后小脑共济失调的疗效分析

    陈国梁; 陈晓明


    目的:比较不同方法治疗急性小脑梗塞后小脑共济失调的疗效。方法:将我院确诊的急性小脑梗塞后小脑共济失调患者80例随机分为以下四组,每组20例。 A组:常规药物治疗组(补充B族维生素、胞二磷胆碱、抗血小板药物和对症支持治疗);B组:常规药物治疗组+功能性电刺激;C组:常规药物治疗组+作业疗法;D组:常规药物治疗组+功能性电刺激+作业疗法。结果:B组、C组和D组的疗效明显高于A组(P<0.05);D组的疗效最为明显,高于其他三组(P<0.05)。结论:单独或联合使用功能性电刺激和/或作业疗法治疗急性小脑梗塞后小脑共济失调的疗效明显高于常规药物组,而联合使用功能性电刺激和作业疗法的治疗效果最为明显。%Objective:To compare the efficacy of different treatments, such as routine drug therapy, functional electrical stimulation and occupational therapy ,on cerebellar ataxia induced by acute cerebellar infarction. Methods:Eighty patients with cerebellar ataxia induced by acute cerebellar infarction were divided into 4 different groups with 20 each: group A: routine drug therapy including Vitamin B, cytoplasmic two choline, antiplatelet drugs and supportive treatment;group B:routine drug therapy and functional electrical stimulation;group C: routine drug therapy and occupational therapy; group D: routine drug therapy, functional electrical stimulation and occupational therapy. Results:Effects of group B, C and D were significantly higher than that in group A(P<0.05);group C and D were not statistically significant difference;effect of group D was the most obvious, higher than the other three groups (P<0.05). Conclusion:Efficacy of single or combined use of functional electrical stimulation and/or occupational therapy in the treatment of acute cerebellar infarction cerebellar ataxia was obviously higher than that of routine drug therapy. And the combined use of functional electrical stimulation and occupational therapy treatment effect is the best.

  2. 质的研究还是新闻采访--同陈向明博士等商榷%Qualitative Analysis or Journalese? Talk to Dr.Chen,Xiangming



    @@ 陈向明博士自学成归国以来,一直倡导科学研究采用质的研究方法(见陈向明,1996,1997b,2000).其中,发表于1997年第1期《高等教育研究》上的《综合大学理科人才素质与课程体系研究》是陈博士及合作者(李文利、崔艳红和宋映泉)运用质的方法(qualitative research)研究高等教育问题中比较突出的一篇.当笔者读完这篇文章时,却感到对"综合大学理科人才素质与课程体系"的关系仍不清楚,而从该文获得的信息量似同一篇新闻采访及其评论.笔者不禁发问:为什么一篇运用科学方法(质的研究方法)所作的学术研究论文,得出的结果却同大众的常识差不多,仅停留在常识性、思辩性的讨论层次上?抱着这样一种好奇,笔者又反复细读了这篇文章,并尝试找到一个答案.

  3. The Practice and Experience of Human Resource in Establishing Second Grade Class A Hospital/CHEN Xiao-lian etc.%二级甲等医院创建中人力资源的做法与体会

    陈孝莲; 杨永春; 鲍继海; 张红军; 敖朝光


      医院等级是医院综合竞争力的体现,创建等级医院是医改的需要,是医院可持续发展的需要。本文通过介绍四川省遂宁市某医院成功创建二级甲等医院中人力资源的具体实践,指出人力资源配置合理与否是衡量一所医院发展快慢的标准之一,通过等级医院创建工作可促进人力资源管理水平全面提升。%  Hospital grade is the embodiment of the hospital comprehensive competitiveness, establishing hospital grade is the need for health care reform, and is the need of the hospital sustainable development. In this paper, through introducing the human resource specific practice in successful establishing second grade class A hospital in a hospital of Suining city, Sichuan Province, pointed out that the reasonable alocation of human resources is one of the standard to measure one hospital development speed level, established hospital grade can promote the level of human resources management to enhance.

  4. 陈鹤琴、蒙台梭利幼儿健身思想比较研究%Comparative Study on the Child Body-building Thoughts between Chen Heqin and Montessori

    苏永骏; 黄贵



  5. 略论陈鹤琴教学法与蒙台梭利教学法的一致性及特色%On the Consistency and Characteristics of Chen Heqin Teaching Method and Montessori Teaching Method




  6. Comparative study on the child physical education thoughts between Chen He-qin and Montessori%陈鹤琴和蒙台梭利幼儿体育思想之对比研究

    黄贵; 苏永骏



  7. 《证治汇补》中二陈汤的加减应用%Analysis on Two Chen Recipe' Adding and Decreasing to Use in Zhengzi Huibu




  8. 就招拍挂操作中四个问题与陈少湘先生商榷%Inquire into the four problems on inviting tenders, auction and hanging out shingle's operation with Mr. Chen Shao-xiang




  9. 走向经典的必由之路--以陶潜与多思为例%The Way to Canon:Exemplified by T'ao Ch'en and John Donne




  10. 肱三头肌长头重建肩外展功能的应用解剖%The applied anatomy of the reconstruction of shoulder with long head of triceps muscleCHEN Lin

    陈琳; 彭峰; 陈德松


    目的:研究肱三头肌长头血管神经蒂特点为以其重建肩外展功能提供解剖学基础。方法:对44侧固定尸体的肱三头肌长头肌肉起点及血管神经蒂进行解剖与测量。结果:肱三头肌长头起点背侧为肌性,腹侧为腱性,腱性起点长度(9.9±1.5) cm,宽度(2.4±0.4) cm。神经支配来自桡神经的分支,可分离长度(6.8±2.7) cm,直径(2.0±0.4) mm。血供来自:①肱动脉肱三头肌支,长度(3.4±1.4) cm,外径(2.0±0.3) mm;②肱深动脉的分支,长度(2.5±0.9) cm,外径为(1.6±0.5) mm,分离至肱动脉长度为(3.9±1.3) cm。血管神经蒂以多级分支为主。结论:依据肱三头肌长头及其血管神经蒂的特点,可作为肩外展功能重建术中的动力肌。%Objective:To study the morphological characters of long head of triceps muscle and its pedicel of vessel and nerve.Methods:44 upper extremities of fixed human cadavers were dissected.The origins of long head of triceps muscle were measured.The pedicels of vessels and nerves were measured also.Results:Dorsal origins were muscular,ventral origins were tendinous,length of tendinous part was 9.9±1.5 cm,width was 2.4±0.4 cm.The long head of triceps muscle was innervated by radial nerve.The nerve was accompanied with the vessel and also had multiple grade branches.The length of nerve was 6.8±2.7 cm,the diameter was 2.0±0.4 mm.One part of the blood supply of long head of triceps muscle was from humeral artery(43.2%),length was 3.4±1.4 cm,diamter was 2.0±0.3 mm;the other was from humeral profundus artery (45.5%),length was 2.5±0.9 cm,diameter was 1.6±0.5 mm.And if the vessel was separated to the humeral artery,its length was 3.9±1.3 cm.The pedicel of nerve and vessel had multiple grade branches.Conclusion:According to the characters of long head of triceps muscle and pedicel of vessel and nerve,the muscle was suitable for reconstruction surgery of shoulder.

  11. Rational Thinking on Chen Shuwei Appeal-A Discussion with Mr.Fang Kong%对陈书伟上诉案的理性思考--兼与方孔先生商榷



    “操”字状一经报道便引起激烈的讨论,而拘留决定的作出更将此事推向了高潮。方孔先生从人的理性和法律的理性出发,指出“操”字状并未侮辱司法工作人员及法律,但其观点过于理想化且未考虑我国国情。“操”字状中折射出的言论自由、社会常理、司法权威等法治问题引人深思,笔者认为言论自由应存在一定的界限,理性的法律应包含社会常理,司法权威应得到进一步加强。总之,反思该案将为建设社会主义法治国家提供不少经验和启示。%The report on the case of “Cao”character caused a heated discussion,and the detention made this case to a climax.In perspective of human rationality and reason,Mr.Fang Kong pointed out that the case of“Cao”character in petition for appeal that doesn’t insult the judicial clerks and laws,however,the view is so idealistic without considering the national conditions of our country.The case of “Cao”character reflects some problems such as the freedom of speech,social convention,and judicial authority.It is believed that freedom of speech should be limited in certain boundaries,the rationality of the law should include the conventions of the society,and the judicial authority should be further strengthened.In a word,the rethinking will provide some experiences and enlightenments for construction of socialist China ruled by law.

  12. 从《再生缘》看陈端生的两性观%Chen Duansheng's Viewpoint on Gender--Take the Ballad Entitled Reincarnated Marriage for Example




  13. 陈日新教授"辨敏施灸"治疗躯体痛症经验总结%"Moxibustion according to the Different Acupoints" of Professor Rixin Chen and His Clinical Experience of Treating the Somatic Pain Syndrome

    易静; 张波



  14. Research of Ch-En Cross-Lingual Plagiarism Detection Based on Translation Features%基于译文特征的中英文跨语种抄袭识别

    袁松翔; 刘功申


    Research on anti plagiarism detection of scientific papers in single language has acquired rele- vance and a number of practical systems have been developed. However, the relevant study and achieve- ment are relatively few in cross-lingual anti-plagiarism. Targeting at scientific papers, this paper discussed the implementation of Chinese-English cross-lingual plagiarism detection. The paper locates a set of trans- lation features by digging internal laws of Chinese translation. Through these features, papers which are suspected of plagiarism can be identified by the decision tree algorithm. In open test, its recalling rate achieves 88.68% and the precision rate 79.17%.%针对科技类学术论文的跨语种反抄袭识别问题,以中英跨语种抄袭的识别为目标展开了研究,用于探讨进行跨语种抄袭识别的方法.通过挖掘中文译文的内在规律找到了一组可以表明译文风格的译文特征,并通过这些译文特征和决策树算法识别出存在抄袭嫌疑的科技论文.试验系统开放测试的准确率和召回率分别到达了88.68%和79.17%.

  15. Study on Forage Organ and Feeding Habit of Protosalanx hyalocranius and Neosalanx taihuensis Chen%大银鱼和太湖新银鱼摄食器官与食性的研究

    何文辉; 赫广春; 尤洋; 胡庚东; 王博


    Comparative anatomy and measure for the forage organ ofProtosalanx and Neosalanx in Taihu were conducted and its growth law was advanced.The paper also discussed the feeding habit,feeding behaviour and transformation of feeding habit and so on in two breeds of icefish.%对大银鱼Protosalanxhyalocranius、太湖新银鱼Neosalanxtaihuensischen的摄食器官进行了比较解剖和测量,提出了摄食器官的生长规律。同时探讨了两个银鱼品种的食性、摄食行为以及大银鱼食性转化等问题。

  16. 以邵传富、陈德荣为例小看传统舞蹈的传承发展%On the Heritage and Development of Traditional Dance with Shao Chuanfu and Chen Derong as an Example



      当前,中国舞蹈艺术蓬勃发展,舞蹈形式逐步呈现出多样化、多元化趋势,然而,民间舞蹈的发展却面临着严峻的考验,如何有效传承、发扬中国的传统民间舞蹈已成为基层群众文化(舞蹈)工作者必须深入思考研究的课题之一。%  Currently, China’s dance art is in rapid development, and the styles of dance show various tendencies, however, folk dance is confronted with severe challenges. How to effectively inherit and advocate China’ traditional folk dance has become an important issue for mass culture workers to further consider.

  17. A Call for Scientifically-Rigorous, Community-Based "Actionable Intelligence" to Promote the Academic Achievement of African American Boys: An Introduction to Fantuzzo, LeBoeuf, Rouse, and Chen (2012) and Commentaries

    McWayne, Christine M.


    This introduction briefly summarizes the featured article and commentaries making up this commissioned set of papers on the topic of the Black-White achievement gap and, more specifically, risk and protective factors for young African American boys' school success. Each paper highlights important considerations for advancing scholarship, practice,…

  18. Advanced Analyses of Technology Innovations, Patents, and Intellectual Property

    Amy J. C. Trappey


    conduct their hybrid analyses. Their findings provide recommendations for technology development strategies. The paper, entitled “Ontology-based Patent Licensing and Litigation Strategic Knowledge System for the Light Emitting Diode Industry” co-authored by Amy J.C. Trappey, Yu-Hui Wang, Charles V. Trappey,    Chun-Yi Wu, and Tzu-Hsuan Lin, develops a scientific and analytical approach for strategic cross-licensing decision support, particularly for the extremely competitive global companies in LED industry. Yu-Hui Wang and Benjamin Liu present their research in the paper entitled “Innovation Effect on Patent Pool Formation: Empirical Case of Philips’ Patents in Digital Versatile Disc 3C.” The paper evaluates both the quantity and quality of Philips’ patents in a leading DVD patent pool. The legitimacy of patent pools and their strategic value are discussed and investigated using the DVD 3C patent pool as the case example. In the paper “Application of the Honeybee Mating Optimization Algorithm to Patent Document Classification in Combination with the Support Vector Machine (SVM,” co-authors Chui-Yu Chiu and Pei-Ting Huang combine the honeybee mating optimization algorithm with SVM as a novel  patent categorization approach with accurate results. The paper, entitled “Exploring the Innovative Value of the RFID Industry” co-authored by Pei-Shu Fan, Cheng-Chin Tsao and Yi-Ching Liaw, examines a number of patent indicators to predict and explain future technological developments in the RFID industry. The research identifies the relative regional technological advantages in RFID development using relevant patent indicators and clustering analysis.

  19. 專論/台灣圖書館史數位圖書館建構之研究/王梅玲;蔡明月;陳志銘;柯雲娥;蔡佳縈;陳勇汀;林怡甄 | A Digital Library Pilot Study on Taiwan Libraries' History / Mei-Ling Wang; Ming-Yueh Tsay; Chih-Ming Chen; Yun-Er Ke; Chia-Ying Tsai; Yong-Ting Chen; Yi-Jen Lin



    Full Text Available

    圖書館是保存與詮釋人類文化重要的機構,1990 年代開始,網際網路的進步,促成數位圖書館蓬勃發展,有人預測它就是未來的圖書館,因此,圖書館界與教育界積極參與相關研究。台灣地區歷經日據時期、重建 時期、成長時期及茁壯時期四階段,建設許多圖書館,有其豐富的主題與素材值得發展成為數位圖書館。政治大學圖書資訊與檔案學研究所有鑑於此,提出「『台灣 百無圖書館史』數位圖書館」的構想,並獲得政大「發展國際一流大學及頂尖研究中心計畫」經費支持。本研究計畫目的包括:(1探索以台彎圖書館事業史為主 題的數位圖書館建構模式;(2建構數位圖書館以支援圖書資訊學教育與研究;(3研訂圖書館事業史料文獻的Metadata與數位資料格式;(4將圖 書文獻與文物數位化以建構數位館藏;(5發展數位圖書館系統與技術;(6研發數位圖書館網站的瀏覽與檢索功能;(7探討數位圖書館支援數位學習的模 式。計畫成果共研訂六種 Metadata標準:建置746筆數位化資料;以Dspace系統平台,依據需求設計台灣百年圖書館史系統架構與網站,最後提出結論與建議。

    Libraries are important social institutions that preserve and communicate human culture and knowledge. From the beginning of 1990s, the digital library has grown up rapidly based on the progress of the Internet. Libraries and educational institutions should be actively involved in digital library research and development. The Taiwan libraries’ history can be divided into four stages: Japanese occupation period, reconstruction period, growth period and strong period. In these processes, many events and libraries with rich materials that can be developed into a digital library. Graduate Institute of Library, Information and Archival Studies, National Chengchi University, planned the Digital Library Pilot Study on Taiwan Libraries’ History and got the university support. The pilot study objectives include: (1 exploring the digital library model on Taiwan libraries' history; (2 constructing digital library to support education and research in information and library science; (3 developing Metadata standards of library documents and heritage; (4 digitalizing documents and heritage to build digital collections (5 developing digital library systems and technology; (6 researching browsing and search functions of the digital library; (7 exploring the model of the digital library supports e-learning. In this pilot study, we developed six Metadata standards, built 746 digital resources, constructed a digital library system and web site, and proposed the conclusions and suggestions finally.


  20. Nonlinear Motions and Forces on Tension Leg Platforms.


    application aspects of the HEEM are well established (Vue, Chen and Mei, 1976; Yue, Chen and Mei, 1978; Aranha , rei and Yue, 1979), and the method is now...p7 .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .- . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .... ,. . 5.0 REFERENCES Aranha , J.A

  1. Molecular characterization of induced mutagenesis through gamma ...



    Feb 12, 2014 ... Molecular characterization of induced mutants (M1 generation) with 47 Random amplified polymorphic DNA ... produces high quality oil whose chemical characteristics ...... Teng N, Chen F, Jiang Z, Fang W, Chen T (2008).

  2. Comments on A Signcryption


    Chen[1] proposes a signature with message recovery which is called an authenticated encryption scheme or simply a signcryption[3]. In this short note, we show that Chen's signature scheme has some mistakes and propose three modified versions.

  3. Micro/nano-particles and Cells: Manipulation, Transport, and Self-assembly


    doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.107.087206 Aaron Chen, Tom Byvank, Woo-Jin Chang, Atul Bharde, Greg Vieira, Brandon L. Miller, Jeffrey J. Chalmers, Rashid ...Duarte Guevara, Brian Dorvel, Bobby Reddy, Amelie Eriksson Karlstrom, Yu Chen, Hongmiao Ji, Yu Chen, Ratnasingham Sooryakumar, Rashid Bashir. Ultra...Sooryakumar,and Rashid Bashir. Ultra-Localized Single Cell Lysis Using Silicon Nanowires, Lab on a Chip (08 2012) Aaron Chen, Tom Byvank, Gregory B. Vieira

  4. Reference: 291 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Full Text Available 291 Chai Mao-Fe...s of NADPH. NADK activity has been observed in different sub-cellular fractions of mitochondria, chloroplast...d chloroplast protection. 4 553-64 16244906 2005 Nov Plant molecular biology An Rui|Chai Mao-Feng|Chen Jia|Chen Qi-Jun|Chen Ye-Miao|Wang Xue-Chen

  5. Reference: 462 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Full Text Available rthermore, domain deletion analysis revealed that the ATAF1 transactivation activity was conferred by its C-...5 17031511 2007 Jan Plant molecular biology An Rui|Chen Jia|Chen Nai-Zhi|Lu Ping-Li|Qi Bi-Shu|Ren Fei|Su Zhao|Wang Xue-Chen

  6. New Data of Sect. Coelocentrum (Begonia) in Begoniaceae%世界秋海棠属侧膜组植物新资料

    税玉民; 陈文红


    记述了秋海棠属侧膜组11新种,即星果草叶秋海棠(Begonia asteropyrifolia Y.M.Shui et W.H.Chen)、耳托秋海棠(B.auritistipula Y.M.Shui et W.H.Chen)、桂南秋海棠(B.austroguangxiensis Y.M.Shui et W.H.Chen)、水晶秋海棠(B.crystallina Y.M.Shui et W.H.Chen)、须苞秋海棠(B.fimbribracteata Y.M.Shui et W.H.Chen)、巨叶秋海棠(B.gigaphylla Y.M.Shui et W.H.Chen)、黄氏秋海棠(B.huangii Y.M.Shui et W.H.Chen)、长柱秋海棠(B.longistyla Y.M.Shui et W.H.Chen)、扁果秋海棠(B.platycarpa Y.M.Shui et W.H.Chen)、喙果秋海棠(B.rhynchocarpa Y.M.Shui et W.H.Chen)、多变秋海棠(B.variifolia Y.M.Shui et W.H.Chen);并报道了3新变种及1新名称,即疏毛越南秋海棠(B.bonii Gagnep.var.remotisetulosa Y.M.Shui et W.H.Chen)、密毛龙州秋海棠(B.morsei Irmsch.var.myriotricha Y.M.Shui et W.H.Chen)、簇毛伞叶秋海棠(B.umbraculifolia Y.Wan et B.N.Chang var.flocculosa Y.M.Shui et W.H.Chen)及彩纹秋海棠(B.variegata Y.M.Shui et W.H.Chen).%Eleven new species of sect.Coelocentrum (Begonia Linn.) in Begoniaceae are described and illustrated,e.g.Begonia asteropyrifolia Y.M.Shui et W.H.Chen,B.auritistipula Y.M.Shui et W.H.Chen,B.austroguangxiensis Y.M.Shui et W.H.Chen,B.crystallina Y.M.Shui et W.H.Chen,B.fimbribracteata Y.M.Shui et W.H.Chen,B.gigaphylla Y.M.Shui et W.H.Chen,B.huangii Y.M.Shui et W.H.Chen,B.longistyla Y.M.Shui et W.H.Chen,B.platycarpa Y.M.Shui et W.H.Chen,B.rhynchocarpa Y.M.Shui et W.H.Chen,B.variifolia Y.M.Shui et W.H.Chen;three new varieties and a new name are also reported,e.g.B.bonii Gagnep.var.remotisetulosa Y.M.Shui et W.H.Chen,B.morsei Irmsch.var.myriotricha Y.M.Shui et W.H.Chen,B.umbraculifolia Y.Wan et B.N.Chang var.flocculosa Y.M.Shui et W.H.Chen,B.variegata Y.M.Shui et W.H.Chen.

  7. Diplomatic Research: Thinking Strategically Marshal Chen Yi's Calling of the 1969 meeting for Deliberation of Issues Related to International Situation%重视外交调研善于战略思考 ——陈毅元帅召集1969年“务虚会”



    @@ 陈毅同志主持外交工作期间,一向高度重视调研工作.他经常强调,搞外交一定要认真分析形势,要"老谋深算",做到知彼知己,百战不殆.他每年都到外交部组织几次形势务虚会,把毛泽东思想的战略原则,运用到外交斗争之中,向中央提出对国际形势的看法和对外工作的建议,从而保证了我国外交工作的顺利开展.陈毅同志对如何做好外事调研工作,先后作过多次指示,对外事战线加强调研干部的培养,不断提高调研工作的质量,保证对外工作的顺利开展,起了重要的推动作用.

  8. 旅游:亚洲的后殖民记忆--评诗集《我想像一头骆驼》兼述陈慧桦诗中的几种基调%Asia's Memory of Post-Colonialism: A Reading of Chen Huihua's Poetry




  9. The twilight of medical reform-interview with Chen Tianming, director of public health Dept. of Nanjing High Officer Talk%践行"医改"现峥嵘——对话南京市卫生局局长陈天明



    @@ 医改,又一次把南京这个古老的现代城市推向了风口浪尖上,医改"南京模式"成为了人们关注的焦点.南京医改的先行探索不仅为破解"看病难看病贵"难题提供了重要借鉴,也给深化医疗卫生体制改革带来了许多有益的启示,更让人们看到了医疗卫生改革的前景.与此同时,一个身影也越来越引起大家的注意,不仅因为他是一个又一个医改风暴的发起者,而且因为他身上具有决策者的勇气、改革者的智慧和实践者的奉献独特魅力.他就是南京市卫生局局长陈天明.

  10. 一位教育学人的自叙——访台湾淡江大学教育学院院长陈伯璋教授%Self-Statement of a Education Professor——Interview with Professor Chen Bozhang




  11. "解放神学"的诗学图景——论基督教文化影响下的陈映真创作%Poetic Scene of"Liberation Theology"——On Chen Yingzhen's Literary Creation under the Influence of Christian Culture




  12. "东方巨响大漠天苍朗"——访"两弹一星"功勋奖章获得者陈能宽院士%With a Thunderous Explosion the Mushroom Rose over the Desert: Interview with Academician Chen Nengkuan, Winner of Medal of "Atomic and Nuclear Bombs and Satellite"

    刘志光; 王磊


    @@ 陈能宽,中国科学院院士,金属物理学家.1923年生于湖南慈利.为表彰他为中国第一颗原子弹、氢弹及核武器的发展研制作出的重要贡献,1999年9月,中共中央、国务院、中央军委决定.授予他"两弹一星"功勋奖章.

  13. Effect of porosity on the thermal expansion coefficient: A discussion on the paper ‘Effects of mineral admixtures on the thermal expansion properties of hardened cement paste' by Z.H. Shui, R. Zhang, W. Chen, D. Xuan, Constr. Build. Mater. 24(9) (2010) 1761–1767

    Ghabezloo, Siavash


    A discussion is presented on the effect of porosity change on the thermal expansion coefficient of porous materials. It is shown that both drained and undrained thermal expansion coefficients normally increase with porosity increase. Consequently the reduction of the thermal expansion coefficient with the porosity increase, as obtained in the experimental results of Shui et al. (Constr. Build. Mater. (2010), 24(9), 1761-1767), can not be considered as a general trend for the behaviour of poro...

  14. XingWu Chen Formula and AnMei Wan Formula Treating 40 Insomnia Patients of Nutritive Qi and Defensive Qi Disharmony Syndrome Who take TCM by Choosing Time%醒寤晨方与安寐晚方择时用药治疗营卫不和型失眠40例




  15. 优质护理示范工程在临床中的应用%Clinical Application of High Quality Nursing Demonstration Project/HUANG Hui,CHEN Li,GUO Zi-yun.//Medical Innovation of China,2012,9(25):041-043

    黄蕙; 陈丽; 郭子云


      目的:探讨创建优质护理示范病房的方法与成效.方法:先后确立6个科室为试点病房,从改变护理服务理念和护理工作模式,增强护理人力资源、加强基础护理、落实“护士床边工作制”、强化健康教育,评估护理服务效果,完善绩效考核制度等方面进行探索,创建和完善优质护理示范病房.结果:实施优质护理服务后,患者对护士工作满意度由90.88%上升到99.83%;呼叫率由66.85%下降到16.36%;陪护率及自聘护工率由97.56%下降到69.26%;患者对健康知识知晓率由82.36%上升到97.58%;护士自我满意度由79.08%提高到了93.02%;医生对护士工作的满意度由76.06%提高到了94.05%;无投诉率及护理并发症的发生.结论:通过创建优质护理示范病房,可以提高患者、家属、医护人员的满意度,提高整体护理质量,达到患者、社会和政府三满意.%  Objective: To explore the methods and effectiveness of creating high-quality care demonstration ward.Method:Has established six departments for the pilot unit to change the philosophy of care services and the mode of care,enhancing nursing human resources,strengthening basic care,the implementation of the nurse bedside working to strengthen health education,assess the effect of nursing services,and improve the performance appraisal system and other aspects to explore,create and improve quality care demonstration ward.Result:Patients after the implementation of the job satisfaction of nurses has increased by 90.88% to 99.83%;call rate down from 66.85% to 16.36%;accompanying rate and self-employed care workers decreased from 97.56% to 69.26%;patients health awareness rate increased from 82.36% to 97.58%;nurse self-satisfaction from 79.08% to 93.02%;doctor’s nurses work satisfaction increased from 76.06% to 94.05%;complaints and care the incidence of complications.Conclusion:By creating high-quality care demonstration wards so that patients,their families,medical staff satisfaction improved significantly improve the overall quality of care to patients,society and government three satisfaction.

  16. Hunhun and Rural Governance Involutions: A Review of CHEN Bofeng's Rural Jianghu : The Two dianghu Plains Hunhun Researches%混混与乡村治理的“内卷化”——评陈柏峰的《乡村江湖:两湖平原“混混”研究》



    "Rural Jianghu " through reform and opening up the formation of village bullies" development and evolution, reveals the nature of rural bully impact on rural society. Models of governance in the rural society, value-based and local regulations dramatically changed circumstances, marginalized countries in transition and local bullies with economic development opportunities, penetrate to the grassroots governance, and rural society has become elite, beginning with the rural the interests of alliance management organization formed to share the benefits of agricultural policies" top-down state and local resources, development results, causing national resources for the desired political effect not to be entered, but instead continuing to make the government's authority reduced. The grass--roots rural governance difficulties arise as involutions.%《乡村江湖》通过改革开放以来乡村混混的形成、发展及其演变过程的描述,揭示乡村混混对乡村社会性质的影响。在乡村社会治理模式、价值基础及地方规则发生巨大变化的情况下,处于边缘地位的混混借助国家转型和地方发展经济的机遇。渗透到基层治理中,并逐渐成为乡村社会的精英,开始与乡村治理组织形成利益同盟,分享国家自上而下的惠农政策资源和地方发展成果,导致国家资源输入未取得预期政治效果,相反却使得基层政府的权威不断降低,乡村治理出现内卷化困境。

  17. 模拟酸雨对德保苏铁叶片光合作用及根系分泌有机酸的影响%Effects of simulated acid rain on photosynthesis of leaves and organic acid secreted by roots of Cycas debaoensis Y.C.Zhong et C.J.Chen

    周明昆; 李正文; 李志刚; 李素丽; 李楠; 刘鹏


    [Objective]Effects of acid rain on photosynthesis changes of leaves and organic acid secreted by roots of Cycas debaoensis were studied to better protect Cycas debaoensis. [Method]According to the rainfall characteristics in Guangxi, simulated acid rain spraying was adopted to investigate changes in organic acirl secreted by roots and photosyn-thetic physiology. [Result]Under pH 2.1 acid rain stress, soil pH decreased, the plant leaves showed necrotic lesion, and net photosynthetic rate, stomalal conductance, transpiration rate and the plant intercellular C02 concentration in leaves were all seriously impacted. Oxalic acid was the main organic acid detected from the roots of Cycas debaoensis. The oxalic acid secreted by the roots of Cycas debaoensis showed no change under moderate acid rain stress (pH 4.2 and pH 3.1), but obviously increased under strong acid rain stress(pH 2.1). [Conclusion ]Simulaled acid rain with pH 2.1 severely damaged the leaves of Cycas debaoensis, and weakened their photosynthesis. In response, Cycas debaoensis roots had to secrete more organic acid to adapt and resist overwhelming acid rain stress.%[目的]研究酸雨胁迫下德保苏铁根系分泌有机酸及叶片光合生理变化特征,为德保苏铁的保护提供参考.[方法]针对德保苏铁分布地(广西德保)的降雨特点,采用喷淋模拟酸雨的方法研究土培德保苏铁的根系分泌有机酸和光合生理的变化特征.[结果]在pH 2.1的模拟酸雨胁迫下,土壤pH值降低,德保苏铁叶片出现枯斑,叶片净光合速率、气孔导度、蒸腾速率、胞间CO2浓度均受到严重影响;在德保苏铁根系分泌的有机酸中主要检测出草酸,中强度酸雨(pH 4.2和pH 3.1)对德保苏铁根系分泌草酸的影响不大,而强酸雨(pH 2.1)处理可引起根系分泌草酸含量显著增加.[结论]人工模拟酸雨强度达pH 2.1时对德保苏铁叶片造成严重伤害,其光合作用也随之减弱;德保苏铁根系通过分泌更多的有机酸来增加对强酸雨胁迫的适应性和抗逆性.德保苏铁原产地土壤对中轻度酸雨胁迫具有一定的缓冲能力,但当酸雨强度过大时仍会导致其土壤严重酸化.

  18. Fortschritt als Fraktur im frühen Science Fiction Film. Metaphorologische Überlegungen zu Auf- und Einbrüchen in LE VOYAGE DANS LA LUNE und LE VOYAGE À TRAVERS L`IMPOSSIBLE von G. Méliès

    Hartmann, Jörg


    Full Text Available Fantasies of man travelling into space form a main part of the popular movie genre ‘Science Fiction’. These celluloid visions are not only fantasies of improving transport, they also convey a meaning in a figurative sense. They can be seen as a modern adoption of one of humanities oldest metaphors, ‘life as a sea fare voyage’: the meaning, which was once expressed by this ‘nautical metaphor’, has been transferred and can nowadays be found in films, which show astro-nauts crossing the frontier from known space into the unknown space. In order to conclude on their attitude towards technological progress in the early 20th century, the two oldest space travel movies, Le Voyage dans la Lune (F 1902 and Le Voyage a Travers L’Impossible (F 1904 will be analyzed.

  19. Web Usability Policies/Standards/Guidelines Do Not Influence Practices at ARL Academic Libraries. A Review of: Chen, Yu‐Hui, Carol Anne Germain and Huahai Yang. “An Exploration into the Practices of Library Web Usability in ARL Academic Libraries.” Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology 60.5 (2009: 953‐68.

    Shandra Protzko


    Full Text Available Objective – To survey the current status of Web usability Policies/Standards/Guidelines (PSGs found in academic libraries of the Association of Research Libraries (ARL. Researchers sought to investigate whether PSGs are in place, the levels of difficulty surrounding implementation, the impact of PSGs on design, testing, and resource allocation, and the relationship between ARL ranking and usability practice or PSGs.Design – Survey.Setting – North America.Subjects – Academic libraries of the ARL.Methods – An 18‐question survey consisting of multiple choice, Likert scale, and open‐ended questions was sent to all 113 ARL libraries in November 2007. Survey recipients were selected as the person in charge of Web site usability by visiting library Web sites and phone inquiry. The survey was concluded in January 2008 with a response rate of 74% (84 institutions. The researchers used t‐test to detect any difference in ARL library ranking between libraries with and without PSGs. Pair‐wise t‐tests were conducted to identify gaps in difficulty implementing PSGs. In addition, they used Pearson’s Correlation to investigate any significant correlations between variables such as ARL rank and resource allocation.Main Results – Of the 84 respondents, 34 (40% have general library Web PSGs and 25 (30% have specific usability PSGs; 41 (49% have at least one type of in‐library PSG. Of the 43 (51% libraries that do not have PSGs, 30 (36% are at universities with institutional Web usability PSGs; 26 (87% follow those guidelines. There was no statistically significant relationship between ARL ranking and PSG status (see Table 1. The authors asked about difficulty in implementing PSGs. Of the 32 libraries responding to a question about general library Web PSGs, most had slight or moderate difficulty. Twenty‐three libraries with specific usability PSGs identified difficulty levels; some had no difficulty, but a majority had moderate difficulty. For the 26 libraries using institutional Web usability PSGs, most had no or slight difficulty. Pair‐wise t‐tests showed that library Web usability PSGs were significantly more difficult to implement than university Web usability PSGs. Enforcement/agreement issues were reported as the primary difficulty in implementing in‐library PSGs. Technical issues and ambiguity were obstacles at the institutional level. More than half of the 84 libraries have Web advisory committees and about one third have usability committees or Web usability subcommittees. Several libraries answered that they have none of these committees, but indicated that they have some sort of ad hoc committee or user study group to address usability issues. Of the 84 respondents, 71 (85% have conducted usability testing. Sixty‐two libraries (73.8% rated usability testing as important, very important, or extremely important: the rate given for the importance of usability testing did not correlate with ARL ranking. Cited most often in open ended questioningwere the importance of iterative testing, library wide buy‐in, and staff and resource availability. Main web pages were tested most frequently. Fifty‐three libraries (74.6% tested their lower level pages at least once. OPACs were tested the least often. The amount of testing was impacted neither by the existence of library Web PSGs nor usability PSGs. The top two testing methods were in‐person observation and think aloud protocol.Of the 84 libraries, 24 (28% reported having staff dedicated to Web usability issues; twenty full‐time staff and four part‐time staff. There was a weak association between ARL ranking and hours worked by dedicated staff; no association existed for regular staff who take on Web responsibilities. Fifty‐one (60% of libraries had regular staff whose duties included Web usability; forty‐six full‐time and five part‐time. Training did not correlate to amount of testing methods used. There was a weak link between ALR ranking and availability of resources and, the authors showed, more testing was done as

  20. 真人秀:真实与虚拟之间--访《走入香格里拉》总策划、总导演陈强%An interview with Chen Qiang the general designer and director of the Chinese game show Step into Shangri-la

    冉儒学; 吴菁


    @@ 从2000年年中起,欧美各大电视台掀起了一股"真实电视(Reality TV)"的热潮.荷兰的(Big Brother)、美国的(Survivor),以及法国的(Loft Story)等"真人秀"节目纷纷登台亮相,并被广泛模仿或移植.近来,这类节目在我国国内也开始起步,和广东电视台的就属于这种节目类型.笔者就真人秀节目自身及其在中国的前景走访了总策划、总导演,北京维汉文化传播公司总经理陈强.

  1. Salmonella serotyping and molecular subtyping analysis on diarrhea cases in Hongkou District of Shanghai, in 2010-2012 ZHANG Jing1,SHEN Jing1,TANG Yi-ling1,CHEN Zhen1,YAO Hong1,WANG%上海市虹口区2010-2012年腹泻病例沙门菌监测及分子型特征

    张静; 沈静; 唐漪灵; 陈真; 姚红; 王斌; 汤显; 陈洪友; 许学斌


    Objective ] To study the molecular characteristics and antibiotic resistance of Salmonella diarrhea cases in sentinel hospitals through active surveillance system conducted by public health laboratory. [ Methods] Two sentinel hospitals were chosen for collection of stool specimens from food-borne infectious diarrhea cases and for Salmonella separation and detection immediately following serotyping and antimicrobial susceptible test ( AST ) on those isolates .Moreover , pulsed field gel electrophoresis ( PFGE) was used for the genetic homology analysis . [ Results] A total of 2 579 diarrhea specimens were collected and analyzed from 2010 to 2012, with 185 Salmonella isolates, covering 23 different serotypes (annual positive rates were 9.1%, 6.8%, 5.1%, with an average 7.2%).Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis(S.Enteritidis) and Typhimurium(S.Typhimurium) were the most common serotypes, of which 68.9% cases were seen in those aged 21 to 60 and 21.4% cases in those over 60 years old. 27.7%-96.9%S.Enteritidis and 2.6%-63.2% S.Typhimurium(P all <0.05) proved resistant to Nalidixic acid, Sultisoxazole, Streptomycin, Sulfamethoxydiazine, Gentamicinand Tetracycline. PFGE analysis on 22 S.Enteritidis strains showed 11 different clusters , while 20 S.Typhimurium strians showed 6. [Conclusion] S.Enteritidis and S.Typhimurium are the most common Salmonella serotypes, and molecular typing indicates the existence of clustering and sporadic outbreaks caused by dominance clones . We should be alert to early warnings on potential outbreaks of multiple-drug-resistant ( MDR ) S.Enteritidis.Active surveillance system based on public health laboratory should play an important role in the control of food-borne infectious diseases .%[目的]研究基于公共卫生实验室主动监测哨点医院沙门菌腹泻及优势菌型的耐药性和分子型特征。[方法]选择辖区内2家医院作为主动监测哨点,甄别食源性感染性腹泻的病例并采集粪便标本进行沙门菌培养、血清型鉴定和抗菌药物耐药性试验,通过脉冲场凝胶电泳( PFGE )分析优势菌型的遗传同源性。[结果]2010—2012年,共检测2579份标本,分离沙门菌185株(年度阳性率分别为9.1%、6.8%、5.1%,总阳性率为7.2%),涵盖23种不同血清型,最常见的为肠炎和鼠伤寒沙门菌。所有沙门菌感染病例的男女性别比为0.9∶1;肠炎和鼠伤寒沙门菌感染均以21~60岁(68.9%)和60岁以上(21.4%)者居多。肠炎和鼠伤寒沙门菌对萘啶酸、磺胺异噁唑、链霉素、甲氧嘧啶、庆大霉素、四环素等6种抗菌药物的耐药率分别为27.7%~96.9%和2.6%~63.2%,且肠炎沙门菌的耐药率显著高于鼠伤寒沙门菌(P值均<0.05)。22株肠炎和20株鼠伤寒沙门菌经PFGE各自分为11个和6个分子型。[结论]肠炎和鼠伤寒是区域内最常见的沙门菌腹泻菌型,分子分型提示存在优势克隆的聚集性爆发和分散爆发,应警惕多重耐药的肠炎沙门菌克隆株形成潜在爆发的风险。加强以实验室为基础的主动监测对控制食源性感染性腹泻具有重要的公共卫生意义。

  2. 專論/以關鍵詞網絡探討動態性知識管理議題/陳良駒;張正宏 | Exploring Dynamic Knowledge Management Research Issues: A Keyword Network Analysis / Liang-Chu Chen; Jeng-Horng Chang



    Full Text Available

    知識管理是企業邁向知識經濟時代的實務顯學,也是學術界近年來持續探討的重要研究議題。然而知識管理的面向是一種多維度的呈現,如何快速而正確的瞭 解知識管理議題的發展,是許多組織知識工作者及學術研究學者努力的目標。許多學者提出知識管理內容的架構及分類,但卻都是屬於一種由上而下的靜態設計。社 會網絡分析是呈現及量測網絡實體成員互動的技術,適合建構關係網絡的動態性。本文嘗試以關鍵詞網絡來分析國內資訊相關系所從事知識管理研究的主題及脈絡, 並透過關鍵詞的連結來建構一套動態性的知識管理研究範疇。研究成果除驗證知識管理學域中的研究重點,更透過網絡關係來連結多樣性的研究構想,進而提供產官 學界更宏觀且動態的知識管理研究建議。

    Knowledge management (KM is an important practice in a corporation and an essential issue that academic scholars intend to explore continuously in the era of knowledge economy. However, KM presents a variety of perspectives that are still undefined for many knowledge workers and academic researchers. Many scholars propose a few categories and frameworks about KM, but a static outcome. Social network analysis (SNA is a method to present and measure the interaction among network entities and it is suitable to construct the dynamic relationship networks. The purpose of this study is to acquire the research issues and contexts of KM within information-related graduate schools based on a keyword network analysis. Moreover, we build a dynamic KM research network through these linkages with keywords. The results of this study confirm the essential research perspectives in a KM domain and suggest a variety of KM research ideas which provide the industries, governments, and academic communities with a macro and dynamic KM research viewpoint.


  3. Textual research on the original plants of Bizi and Feishi —Also a discussion with Dr. Chen Chong- ming%彼子和榧实原植物的本草考证——兼与陈重明先生等商榷



    In most Chinese herbal books since Tang dynasty, Bizi in Shen Nong's Herbal Classic and Feishi in Other Plant Records by Famous Doctors were taken as the same plant with Feizi recorded in Herbal Plant of Tang Dynasty. However,modem researchers take the seed of Torreya grandis Fort. exLindl. as the original plant of Feizi. According to my researches, Bizishould be a species in Cephalotaxus Sieb. et Zucc., and Feishishould be a species in Taxus L. The modem Feizi is not the same plant of Bizi and Feishi.%中国唐代以来的多数本草著作,均认定中的彼子和中的榧实,与中的榧子为同物.现代中药学论著考订其原植物为今红豆杉科榧树(榧子)Torreya grandis Fort.ex Lindl..殊误.经全面考证后确认,彼子是今三尖杉科三尖杉属Cephalotaxus Zucc.植物,榧实是红豆杉科红豆杉属TaxusL.植物,后世本草中的榧子与它们并非同物.

  4. 中国大企业怎么办?--国务院发展研究中心副主任陈清泰纵论培育中国大型企业%How the Gigantic Enterprises to Face the Future--Chen Qingtai, Vice Director of the State Department Development Research Center, Talks about Developing Gigantic Enterprises


    @@ 90年代中期以来,企业面对着严峻的挑战.最重要的就是企业的外部环境在发生着急剧的变化,使得企业的状况特别是国有企业的状况随之发生变化,其中重要的表现就是企业两极分化.优势企业提高了市场占有率,与此同时,另外相当一部分企业陷入了困境.

  5. An Interview with the Gold Prize Winner Zhang HaoChen after the Thirtecnth Van Cliburn International Piano Competition%琴声妙韵技艺超群——第十三届范·克莱本国际钢琴比赛金奖得主张昊辰赛后访谈



    @@ 王艳(以下简称王):昊辰,祝贺你获得克莱本金奖,为自已争气,为国家争光! 张昊辰(以下简称张):谢谢! 王:参加克莱本比赛的初衷是什么?想过自己会得金奖吗?

  6. 專論/品質保證應用在圖書資訊學數位課程發展之行動研究/王梅玲、陳巧倫(Mei-Ling Wang; Ciao-Lun Chen

    王梅玲、陳巧倫 Mei-Ling Wang; Ciao-Lun Chen


    Full Text Available 網際網路促成數位學習發展,如今成為高等教育潮流,美國10 餘所圖書資訊學研究所提供數位碩士學程已培養許多圖書館專業人才。我國公共圖書館與學校圖書館普遍存在許多工作人員未受過專業教育的問題,因此圖書資訊學數位課程與學程長久以來受到期待。本論文基於數位學習品質保證原理,以行動研究方法,探討圖書資訊學數位課程的設計與發展。研究目的包括:(1)探討數位學習品質保證原理與機制;(2)運用品質保證規範以設計數位課程;(3)以行動研究發展圖書資訊學數位學習專班與數位課程;(4)檢討品質保證對數位課程發展之成效。本研究於2007年至2008 年間研發六門數位課程,包括知識組織與資訊取用、研究方法、學校圖書館管理、檔案學研究、圖書資訊學研討與數位圖書館等課程,利用行動研究,規劃與發展課程,並藉課程評鑑回饋修正,最後總結並提出建議。 E-learning is flourishing in higher education due to its ability to lift time and place restrictions from teaching and learning. Because many library staff has not received professional education, more E-learning curricula and programs by Library and Information Science schools is something that many libraries in Taiwan look forward to. Facing demand for E-learning from library staff, the Graduate Institute of Library, Information and Archival Studies (LIAS at National Cheng-Chi University undertook an experimental curriculum project. The purpose of this study was to develop an E-learning master’s program with six E-learning curricula for library staff and instructors in senior high schools in accordance with quality assurance mechanism .The study was conducted as action research with five stages as follows: (a describing the problem and its focus; (b exploring some action options for the problem; (cseeking collaborative partners and discussing; (dundertaking action options: the five lecturers of the LIAS planned and developed six E-learning courses with web-based learning systems; (f evaluation and feedback: six courses were modified according to student learning outcome assessments and course reviews. In 2008, six E-learning courses were developed and program and curricular accreditation was applied for from the Ministry of Education. Six e-learning courses were Information, Organization and Access; Research Methodology; School Library Management; Seminar on Archival Studies; Seminar on Library and Information Science; and Digital Libraries. In addition to describing the planning and implementation of the curriculum, the article also reviews the effectiveness of E-learning teaching and learning, as well as offering final conclusions and recommendations. 頁次:54-65

  7. 日本对中国的观察与陈立夫访苏计划的泄密--从日本未刊档案解析历史之谜%Japanese Observation of China and the Leakage of Chen Lifu's Plan of Visiting U.S.S.R--an Analysis of a Historical Mystery through Japanese Unpublished Records




  8. 农村代际关系对老年人生活质量的影响分析——基于河南永城陈楼村的调查研究%Analysis of the Effects of Rural Intergenerational Relationship on Quality of Life of the Elderly——A investigation and study based on Chen Lou Cun, Yongcheng, Henan Province




  9. 只有原创,才有本土节目的新形态--访《走入香格里拉》总导演、总策划陈强%Local Programs Can Have New Appearance Only by Keeping Originality--An Interview with Chen Qiang, the Chief Director of Going to Shangri-la







    东方叶肢介(Eosestheria)是著名热河生物群中最为常见的一类甲壳动物,关于它的形态、壳瓣结构及微细纹饰特征的研究已相当详尽,但一直没有关于其软体构造的报道。本文描述的凌源东方叶肢介(Eosestheria lingyuanensis)采自辽宁北票市尖山沟村,产于下白垩统义县组的尖山沟夹层。这些软体构造包括:头部形态、眼、闭壳肌痕、雄性执握肢、体节、消化道及尾节等。通过与现生叶肢介软体形态构造比较,显示其与刺尾亚目的蚌壳虫科的代表最为亲近。从而为探讨化石与现生叶肢介之间的演化关系及建立高一级的统一分类,提供了有价值的依据。%The clam shrimp Eosestheria is an extraordinarily abundant and important member of the con-chostracan fauna from the famous Jehol Biota. Here the occurrence of partial soft body preservation in E. Lingyuanensis is reported for the first time, occurring as impressions, inside the valve, of the head, eye, adductor muscle scar, male claspers, digestive tube, and telson.The exceptionally preserved specimens were found in the Lower Cretaceous Yixian Formation at Jianshangou village, near Beipiao, in Liaoning Province of NE China. The preservation of soft parts in conchostracans is significant partly because its occurrence is very rare-known previously only from about 16 species . Worldwide and several of which are actually much less complete than the present material. Soft body characteristics are also important for accurate taxonomic determination and assessment of relationships. For example, all conchostracan males have the first pair of trunk limbs modified to form so called 'claspers', which hold to the female during mating. Some modification of the second pair of trunk limbs is seen in lae-vicaudatan conchostracans, two species of which are also known as fossils with soft body parts, butthe second pair appears not to be clasper-like in form. Eosestheria lingyuanensis on the other hand has two pairs of clearly defined claspers as in spini-caudatan conchostracans. Furthermore in its more distinct growth lines and acute rostrum as well as its two pairs of claspers it clearly belongs to the suborder Spinicaudata. Within that group, although it is similar to the Cyzicidae in its rostrum lacking an apical spine and in its short stout telson, it differs in its less developed occipital notch and larger palp with a row of pores.Although the name Conchostraca is commonly used in fossil and extant literature, recent molecular and morphological analyses show that the 'Conchostraca' appears not to be a monophyletic group. As such it has no taxonomic meaning. It has therefore been abandoned as a taxonomic unit by many authors. However, Shen et al. (2006) retain use of the 'Conchostraca', which include five suborders. Laevicaudata, Spinicaudata, Cycles-therida, Leaiina and Estheriellina. The two latter are distinct extinct groups and their soft bodies were found recently in several specimens. Leaiina with 1-5 radial carina on the carapace valve ranges from the Devonian to Permian and Estheriellina with 3-16 radial costae on the carapace valve appears in the Triassic to Cretaceous interval.

  11. 嫘斯嫔情结与女性"乌托邦"的建构——陈染小说姐妹情谊解读%Lesbian complex and Reconceptualization of Feminist Utopia--An appreciation of friendly relations between sisters in Chen Ran's Novels

    蒋艳丽; 金生翠



  12. The practice of Microbiologist Chen developing teaching and research enlightening how to cultivate first-class talents%微生物学家陈华癸先生的教学科研实践对培养一流人才的若干启示

    金安江; 胡胜



  13. 實徵研究/國小教師以CREATER模式推動資訊素養創新課程之歷程/謝佩紋;林菁|The Process of Elementary School Teachers Implementing an Innovation Curriculum of Information Literacy with CREATER Model/Pei-Wen Hsieh; Lin Ching Chen

    謝佩紋、林菁 Pei-Wen Hsieh; Lin Ching Chen


    Full Text Available 本研究旨在探究國小教師推動資訊素養創新課程的歷程,並以CREATER革新模式的七個階段為架構,深入瞭解教師作為創新推動者在每個階段的經歷及結果,以提供有意推動資訊素養理念或其它創新的教育工作者參考。本研究採個案研究,以南部一所國小為研究個案,研究時間歷時一年半,透過觀察、訪談、文件分析等方法進行資料的蒐集。研究結果發現,國小教師推動資訊素養課程的歷程大致與CREATER模式的七個階段相符,但「關心」、「連結」與「檢視」階段並無明顯次序,教師以組織內成員的角色推動創新,能有效地將創新理念化為行動,但行動能否持續及發揮效果,還有賴團隊組成的完整性、教師的持續更新力及組織內掌握實權者的支持與參與。The purpose of this study was to explore the change process of implementing an information literacy curriculum by elementary school teachers. Based on the CREATER model, this study investigated the teachers’ experiences as change agents in each stage of the process. The research results could provide guidelines for educators who are devoted to promote the information literacy or other innovations. The method of case study was used to design this study. The subjects of this study were the teachers who voluntarily implemented the information literacy curriculum in an elementary school in the southern part of Taiwan. The methods for collecting research data were observations, interviews, and document analyses. The research results showed that the change process of implementing the information literacy curriculum corresponded to the seven stages of the CREATER model. However, the stages of “care,” “relate,” and “examine,” did not obviously happen in sequence. As members of the organization, the teachers could transform effectively the innovative concept into an action, but whether the innovation could be persistent depended on team relationships, teachers’ self-renewal capacity, and approvals and participation of the leaders who really managed the organization.頁次:70-89

  14. The Identification in the Post-colonialism: The Photographic Art of Chen Qing-yao, an Artist of the Hantu Society%后殖民下的身份认知——"悍图社"艺术家陈擎耀的摄影艺术



    @@ 台湾的当代艺术之独特,并不仅仅在于其特有的社会政治面貌,更在于已经深深植根于台湾社会长达百年之久的独特的社会文化之中. 陈擎耀作为已经成长起来的青年艺术家,其每一套作品都像是台湾本土文化的一面哈哈镜,用调侃式的方式向观众展示他们这代人眼中独特的台湾风貌,以及生活在其中的人们所面临的挑战与迷失.

  15. 日常运动对2型糖尿病患者维生素D水平的影响%Effect of daily exercise intervention on levels of vitamin D of patients with type 2 diabetes CHEN Ya-jun;YUAN Hai-jun

    陈亚军; 袁海军


    objective To observe the effect of daily exercise intervention on levels of vitamin D of patients with type 2 diabetes by cross-sectional study and evaluate the possible mechanism. Method This cross-sectional study enrolled 468 patients with type 2 diabetes pa-tients and 120 apparently healthy subjects. The patients were devided into two groups based on amount of exercise per week:regular exercise group and less exercise group. Measured the plasma 25 ( OH )D levels using radioimmunoassay and mensurated the BMI of all the peo-ple. Compared the level of the index among the three groups. Results The patients with type 2 diabetes 25( OH)D levels was lower than the healthy(P<0. 01);The“regular exercise group”25(OH)D levels was higher than the“less exercise group”(P<0. 05);The 25(OH)D was negatively correlated with the BMI in patients with type 2 diabetes( P=0. 00). Conclusion The vitamin D levels of patients with T2 DM is de-creased compared with the healthy,and the daily exercise intervention can improve the vitamin D levels in patients with type 2 diabetes.%目的:通过横断面研究观察日常运动对2型糖尿病( type 2 diabetes,T2 DM)患者VitD水平的影响并探讨其可能的机制。方法:468例T2 DM患者根据其每周运动时间量分为经常运动组和少运动组,运用放免分析法测量其血浆25( OH)D水平,并测定BMI,同时选取120例同期健康体检者为对照,比较三组之间各指标水平。结果:T2 DM患者25( OH)D水平较健康人低( P<0.01);T2DM患者中经常运动组25(OH)D水平较少运动组高(P<0.05);T2DM患者25(OH)D与BMI呈负相关(P=0.00)。结论:T2 DM患者VitD水平较健康人下降,而日常运动干预可改善T2 DM患者VitD水平。

  16. Comparison on Dynamic Characteristics of Urban Heat Island Effce tsi n Medium-Sized Cities in Chen gdu Plain%成都平原中等城市的热岛效应动态特征对比研究



    At present , research about Urban Heat Island Effects ( UHI) is a hot issue in urban climate and urban ecological environ-ment.This research obtained brightness temperature and urban information using remote sensing data of Landsat TM /ETM+, and re-searched intensity , development degree , spatial structure and dynamic evolution of UHI of six medium -sized cities in Chengdu Plain . This research found that urbanization is the internal driving force leading to UHI .In the initial stage→interim stage→final stage, the overall heat island intensity trends in various cities in Chengdu Plain showed early enhanced and weakened late .The heat island size in the old town generally reduced , which indicated that the thermal environment has improved for the majority of the city 's old town. The size of the heat island in urban expansion area generally increased , because urban expansion significantly changed the natural en-vironment , which leading to the heat island effect phenomenon .These research results are consistent with of urbanization inherent laws.Research results in Mianyang City also proved that , even if the urban scale expands , the urban heat island effect can be effec-tively alleviated, if urban plan is scientific and reasonable , and attached importance to protecting urban environment .%城市热岛效应是当前城市气候与城市生态环境的研究热点。研究使用Landsat TM/ETM+遥感影像获取城市建成区信息和反演亮度温度,进而评价成都平原6个中等城市的热岛强度、热岛发育程度以及空间动态演变特征。研究发现,在“评价初期→评价中期→评价末期”过程中,成都平原6个中等城市的热岛强度前期增强、后期减弱;城市旧城区的热岛规模普遍减小,这说明,旧城区热环境有所改善,而城市扩展区的热岛规模普遍增大,是因城市扩展明显改变了地表自然环境,导致热岛效应出现,这与城市化进程的内在规律基本一致。绵阳等城市的研究成果表明,即使城市规模扩大,只要城市规划科学合理,并注重城市生态环境的保护,城市热岛效应也能得到有效缓解。

  17. 上海市徐家汇南丹社区2型糖尿病患者膳食质量的评价%Evaluation of dietary quality by healthy eating index in type 2 diabetic patients CHEN Liang,

    陈亮; 王林娣; 张惠琴


    对167例2型糖尿病患者采用3 日膳食记录法调查其饮食情况,用健康饮食指数评分进行膳食质量评价.167例患者的健康饮食指数平均分为74.0,其中7.8%(13/167)膳食质量为"不良膳食",10.8%(18/167)为"良好膳食",81.4%(136/167)为"需要改善的膳食";水果类摄入情况最差,男性较明显;文化程度越高,饮食状况越好;在职患者的水果类、奶类摄人情况较退休者好;肥胖、超重者的谷类、肉类、总脂肪摄入明显较正常者差.%A dietary survey was conducted with the 3-day dietary intake record in 167 type 2 diabetic patients in Nandan Community of Xujiahui Subdistric of Shanghai, the results were transferred to healthy eating index (HEI). The average score of HEI was 74. 0. According to the criteria of HEI, diet quality of 7. 8% patients was "bad", that of 10. 8% patients was "good" and that of 81.4% patients was "need improvement". In all components, the fruits consumption was the worst, especially for male patients.Patients with higher educational levels had better dietary quality and patients who were on working had better HEI score than who retired. The obese and overweight patients consume more grains, meat and total fat than those with normal body weight.

  18. Analysis of advantages and disadvantages of topical tacrolimus in treatment of erosive oral li-chen planus%他克莫司软膏治疗顽固性糜烂型口腔扁平苔藓的利弊分析

    王翔剑; 周红梅


    口腔扁平苔藓( oral lichen planus ,OLP)是一种常见的口腔黏膜慢性炎性疾病,部分糜烂型OLP对糖皮质激素治疗不敏感甚至无效。他克莫司软膏是一种免疫抑制类局部制剂,学者们用于治疗顽固性糜烂型OLP取得一定疗效,但同时也发现一些值得注意的问题。本文对他克莫司软膏用于治疗顽固性糜烂型OLP的利弊进行分析,为临床医师更合理地应用该类制剂提供参考。%Oral lichen planus ( OLP) is a common chronic inflammatory disease of the oral mucosa .Some of erosive OLP pa-tients show resistance or even invalidity to glucocorticoid therapy .As a topical immunosuppressive agent ,tacrolimus ointment treatment of intractable erosive OLP has been demonstrated to have some effective ,but scholars also identified some notable problems .In this pa-per,the pros and cons of topical tacrolimus treatment of erosive OLP will be analyzed .It could provide a reference to clinicians for a more rational application of such formulations .

  19. Flowing in the Instant Interlocked by Time and Space--The Cognition of the Hero of Chen'ai Luo Ding Shuttling Back and Forth in the Illusory Context%流淌在交错的时空瞬间--对《尘埃落定》中穿梭在魔幻语境中的主人公的认识




  20. 稳定市场稳定人心--陈毅稳定上海市场的卓绝贡献%Setting People's Minds at Ease by Stabilizing the Market Prices:Chen Yi's Outstanding Contributions to the Stability of Shanghai Market




  1. New Vision of "Chu Ci" Study——Evaluation of Chen Pu-qing's "Nan Chu Wu Ge Hua Wei CI"%《楚辞》研究的新视角——陈蒲清《南楚巫歌化纬辞》评析




  2. Comments on X. Yin, A. Wen, Y. Chen, and T. Wang, `Studies in an optical millimeter-wave generation scheme via two parallel dual-parallel Mach-Zehnder modulators', Journal of Modern Optics, 58(8), 2011, pp. 665-673

    Hasan, Mehedi; Maldonado-Basilio, Ramón; Hall, Trevor J.


    Yin et al. have described an innovative filter-less optical millimeter-wave generation scheme for octotupling of a 10 GHz RF oscillator, or sedecimtupling of a 5 GHz RF oscillator using two parallel dual-parallel Mach-Zehnder modulators (DP-MZMs). The great merit of their design is the suppression of all harmonics except those of order ? (octotupling) or all harmonics except those of order ? (sedecimtupling), where ? is an integer. A demerit of their scheme is the requirement to set a precise RF signal modulation index in order to suppress the zeroth order optical carrier. The purpose of this comment is to show that, in the case of the octotupling function, all harmonics may be suppressed except those of order ?, where ? is an odd integer, by the simple addition of an optical ? phase shift between the two DP-MZMs and an adjustment of the RF drive phases. Since the carrier is suppressed in the modified architecture, the octotupling circuit is thereby released of the strict requirement to set the drive level to a precise value without any significant increase in circuit complexity.

  3. Enlightenments of Chen Heqin's Localization Educational Thoughts on the Practice of Montessori Education in China%陈鹤琴本土化教育思想对蒙台梭利教育在我国实践的启示




  4. Specialization, Commercialization, Brand Names-Interview with Inspector General Xia Chen'an of the Education, Science and Technology Channel, Zhejiang TV%专业化市场化品牌化--访浙江电视台教育科技频道总监夏陈安



    @@ 访谈背景:2001年1月1日浙江电视台三台合并和频道专业化工作正式启动,随后浙江广电集团挂牌成立.经过三年实践,浙江电视台教育科技频道节目收视份额始终名列浙江省级媒体首位;频道广告创收从2001年1月1日至2003年10月底已超过3亿元.

  5. The culture of China’s competent teachers under the influence of west learning---Interview with Professor Chen Guisheng of East China Normal University%西学东渐影响下的中国师资文化问题--专访华东师范大学陈桂生教授



    This interview focuses on the culture of Chinas competent teacher.As the dissemination of western learning has influenced China for a hundred years ,the nature of Chinese competent teachersinherent culture has undergone some fundamental changes.However the problem is that the tradition of Chinese competent teachersculture,especially the evolution of the culture in the recent half centu-ry,was almost covered up.Therefore its characteristics need to be studied.This interview proposes the question of recognizing the culture of Chinas competent teachers from the dynamic state of the transformation of western competent teachers culture,and it might contribute to a reflection on the problems of ‘the influ-ence of the dissemination of western learning’and ‘the culture of Chinas competent teachers’.%由于中国的传统文化受到西学东渐的影响,从而使我国固有的师资文化发生了根本性质的变化。由此产生的问题在于我国的师资文化传统,尤其是近半个多世纪以来师资文化的演变几乎被掩盖起来,以致其特点模糊不明。这次访谈以“师资文化”为主题,从西方师资文化转化的动态中,提出重新认识中国师资的问题,或有助于促进对“西学东渐影响”和“中国师资文化”问题的反思。

  6. The Subject of Perception: Mind or Brain?——A Review of Chen Gang's Perceptual Dualism%感知的主体:心灵还是大脑?——评陈刚的知觉二重论




  7. Analysis and Treatment of Non-caries Tooth Sensitivity in the Senior Patients. Chen Zuoliang, et al. Xiamen Stomatalogy Hospital, Xiamen 361003%老年人牙齿敏感症的非龋性病因分析和治疗

    陈作良; 官玉芹; 陈宏柏


    目的通过对牙体敏感症状非龋性疾病的分析,寻找适当的治疗方法,以提高老年人的口腔健康水平和生活质量.方法选择两年来因牙齿敏感症到专家门诊就诊的616例,分龋性和非龋性病因,重点分析非龋性病因的疾病种类.结果 216例535颗非龋性牙体敏感症中,磨损占第一位(42%),牙隐裂 (25.8%)占第二位,位居第三位和第四位的是楔状缺损(15.2%)和根外露(14.0%).结论对老年人牙体敏感症只要诊断正确,治疗方法得当,均能收到理想效果,能显著延长牙齿寿命,以维护老年人口腔的身心健康.

  8. Effects of pH on the Coloration and Degradation of the Anthocyanins from the Root Tuber of Panax notoginseng (Burk) F. H. Chen%pH对三七块根花色苷颜色呈现和降解的效应

    赵昶灵; 崔秀明; 卢其能


    用分光光度法在体外研究了pH对三七块根花色苷呈色和降解的效应,结果表明:该花色苷在可见光区的吸收光谱和降解速率均具独特的pH依赖性.在pH 2.0,该花色苷呈现最强烈的红色.随着pH从0增加到13.0,该花色苷在可见光区的最大吸收波长(λvis mac)依次出现红移、蓝移,然后消失,在可见光区最大吸收波长处的吸光值(Aλvis mac)呈现为一条单峰曲线,唯一的峰在pH 2.0处.当原始pH值被恢复到2.0后,如果原始pH值≤6.0,花色苷的红色均被恢复得更浓烈,λvis mac不同程度地趋向532 nm,Aλvis mac增加;如果原始pH值≥7.0,花色苷的红色根本不能被恢复,λvis mac几乎不变,Aλvis mac仍然维持低水平.在15℃,黑暗中,该花色苷在pH 0~6.0条件下均随时间而降解,在pH 2.0时的降解速度最慢,当pH≤3.0时,该花色苷在总体上降解缓慢;此外,该花色苷的降解过程几乎符合一级反应动力学.本文可为三七块根颜色呈现的机理探索及其色素的开发、利用提供参考.%The effects of pH on the coloration and degradation of the root tuber anthocyanins of Panax no-toginseng were studied in vitro by using spectrophotometry. The results indicated that beth the visible light absorption spectra and the degradation rates of the anthocyanins were particularly pH-dependent. At pH 2. 0, the anthocyanins expressed the strongest red. Along with the increase of pH values from 0 to 13. 0, the maximal absorption wavelengths in visible light (λvis,maxS) of the anthocyanins expressed bathochromic and hypsochromic shift orderly, then disappeared, and the absorbance values at the maximal absorption wave-length in visible light (Aλvis,maxS) exhibited a single-peak curve, with the peak at pH 2. 0. After the primi-tive pH values were restored to 2. 0, if the primitive pH ≤6.0, the red hues of the anthocyanins were all resumed to much stronger, the λvis,maxS altered toward 532 nm in different degrees, and the Aλvis,max S in-creased, if the primitive pH >t 7. O, the red hues of the anthocyanins could not be resumed at all, the λvis,max S did not almost change, and the Aλvis,max S still remained at a very low level. Being placed at 15℃ in darkness, the anthocyanins at the pH values of 0 ~ 6. 0 all degraded along with time. The degradation rate at pH 2. 0 was the slowest, and when the pH ≤ 3. 0, the anthocyanins degraded slowly as a whole. Fur-thermore, the degradation courses of the anthocyanins almost approximated first-order reaction kinetics. This paper could provide a reference for the exploration on the mechanism of the root tuber coloration and the exploitation and utilization of the tuber pigments of P. notog/nseng.

  9. Development of National Defence Communications in New China and Basic Experience Drawn from ItChen Jin Research in Administering the Army Strictly by the People's Army in the New Period%新时期人民军队从严治军思想研究



    @@ 江泽民同志担任中共中央军委主席以来,对依法从严治军极为重视.认真学习、深刻领会、全面贯彻江泽民从严治军思想,对于我们探索新时期治军特点和规律,提高部队管理教育水平,促进人民军队全面建设,具有十分重要的指导作用.

  10. Effects of organic matter, CaCl2 and MgCl2 on flocculation and settling of fine sediment. CHEN Hong-song,%有机质、CaCl2和MgCl2对细颗粒泥沙絮凝沉降的影响

    陈洪松; 邵明安



  11. 海南广藿香等四种南药的有机氯农药残留含量现状研究%Study on the Content of Organochlorine Pesticide Residue of Pogostemon cablin Benth.、 Piper nigrum L.、 Aloe barbadensis Miller.、 and Dalbergia odorifera T.Chen.

    符乃光; 张俊清; 赖伟勇; 刘红雨; 刘明生


    目的:利用气相色谱法调查海南主产区广藿香等4种南药10种有机氯农药的含量.方法:采用SE-54弹性石英毛细管(30 m×0.32 mm×25 μm)色谱柱,进样口温度为230℃;检测器温度为300℃.不分流进样,程序升温,检测器为63Ni-ECD电子捕获检测器,高纯氮气为载气.结果:海南万宁、东方及琼海产区广藿香总六六六、总DDT、五氯硝基苯及艾氏剂的现状含量水平分别为6.175,139.900,0.599及4.841 ng/g;52.940,18.710,未检出及5.376 ng/g;13.550,89.070,1.768及4.063 ng/g.海南文昌、万宁及琼海产区胡椒相应有机氯农药含量分别为2.533,10.22,未检出及3.174 ng/g;2.494,0.173,未检出及1.180 ng/g;3.944,3.167,0.063及1.793 ng/g.海南东方、万宁及琼海产区芦荟相应有机氯农药含量分别为3.362,8.772,0.381 3及1.197 ng/g;2.597,6.002,未检出及0.637 9 ng/g;2.491,2.611,未检出及0.608 9 ng/g.海南文昌、东方产区降香相应有机氯农药含量分别为2.743,5.607,未检出及1.991 ng/g;2.403,8.674,1.556及1.012 ng/g.结论:海南东方、琼海产区广藿香和海南所有采集产区胡椒、芦荟及降香等4种南药的总DDT、总六六六、五氯硝基苯及艾氏剂的含量符合绿色行业标准,海南万宁产区广藿香总六六六、五氯硝基苯及艾氏剂的含量符合绿色行业标准,但其总DDT含量超标;不同产区药材农残含量差异较大;将海南槟榔、益智、丁香及肉豆蔻四种中药材中总六六六、总DDT、五氯硝基苯及艾氏剂限量标准定为0.1,0.1,0.1及0.02 μg/g是合理可行的.

  12. A Perfect Style with Fusion of Both the Eastern and Western Elements: On the Music and Performance of Chen Xiaoyongˊs Work"Diary"%东西交融的气韵——陈晓勇钢琴作品《日记》的音乐与演奏



    @@ 作为作曲大师里盖蒂最欣赏的学生之一,旅德中国作曲家陈晓勇在德国汉堡是个颇具影响力的文化名人.里盖蒂非常重视他的这个东方学生,1987年陈晓勇的在"多瑙音乐节"上首演成功后,里盖蒂曾对他做过高度评价.在大师身边的四年,陈晓勇取得了巨大成功,得过欧洲许多顶级作曲大奖,其作品在欧洲经常被演出,委约也是应接不暇.①他的室内乐以其特有的东方气质吸引着各方的关注,2008年夏天的汉堡个人作品音乐会,两场演出的票被抢购一空.②

  13. 棕榈科麒麟血竭与百合科剑叶血竭HPLC指纹图谱分析与比较%Comparison Daemonorops Draco Bl.with Dracaena Cochinchinensis (Lour.) S.C.Chen by HPLC Fingerprint Analysis

    黄茂华; 雍克岚



  14. 三七根际链霉菌Streptomyces sp.YNUCC0233木聚糖酶性质研究%Isolation and Characterization of Xylan-degrading Streptomyces sp.YNUCC0233 Associated with the Rhizosphere of Panax notoginseng (Burk.) F.H.Chen

    廖昌珑; 李文鹏; 刘士清; 王启方


    从三七根际分离到一株产木聚糖酶链霉菌Streptomyces sp.YNUCC0233.该菌所产生的木聚糖酶的最适反应温度为67℃,最适pH为6.0,在pH 5.0 ~ 9.0和60℃以下时相对稳定.Ba2+和K+对该木聚糖酶有较强的促进作用,Hg2+、Cu2+、 Mn2+、Co2+、Ni2+和EDTA对该酶有较强的抑制作用.对Streptomyces sp.YNUCC0233 16S rDNA的1105bp片段的序列分析结果表明,Streptomyces sp.YNUCC0233的16S rDNA片段与GenBank中所有已注册的链霉菌分类单位均不同.

  15. From Color to Logic: The Timbre Layout and Structure of Chen Qigang's Orchestra Suites Five Elements%色彩的"五行" 逻辑的"五行"——谈陈其钢管弦乐组曲《五行》的音色布局与结构关系




  16. 音响与织体的运作作为音乐结构的组织手段——陈怡赴美后作曲风格形成阶段之三%Timbre and Texture Manipulation as the Structural Cohesion: An Analysis of Chen Yi's Symphony No. 2




  17. "恶之华"的转生与变异汪铭竹、陈敬容、王道乾对波德莱尔诗的接受与转化%The Reincarnation and Transformation of "Les Fleurs du Mal"--Wang Mingzhu, Chen Jingrong and Wang Daoqian's Acceptance and Transformation of Baudelaire's Poetry




  18. 无序的市场,有序的布局——访PerkinElmer公司大中华区销售总监陈晴%Disorderly Market and Systematical Market Deployment-An Interview with Steven Chen, Sales Director of Greater China of PerkinElmer



    @@ 1937年4月19日,两个美国人珀金·理查德和埃尔默·查理斯创立了PerkinElmer公司. 1944年,PerkinElmer公司成功推出世界上第一台商用红外分光光度计-12型开始,这奠定了PerkinElmker公司在分析仪器市场70年的繁荣基础.如今,PerkinElmer公司已经是分析仪器界新技术和完善产品的代名词,位列全球三大品牌之一.

  19. 食管鳞状细胞癌中miR-183-5p、TβRⅠ及TβRⅡ的表达%Expression of miR-183-5p, TβRⅠand TβRⅡin esophageal squamous cell carcinoma Zhu Longping, You Jianliang, Hu Pingping, Mao Chaoming, Chen Deyu

    朱龙萍; 尤建良; 胡萍萍; 毛朝明; 陈德玉


    Objective To study the expression and clinical significance of miR-183-5p, TβRⅠ and TβRⅡ in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). Methods The mRNA and protein expression of miR-183-5p, TβRⅠ and TβRⅡ were examined in ESCC cell lines ECA-109, TE-1, normal esophageal epithelial cells, tumor tissues and tumor-free tissues from 72 ESCC patients. Their clinical significance and the relationship between miR-183-5p and the latter two were analyzed. The effects of miR-183-5p on the expression of TβRⅠand TβRⅡ in ECA-109 cells and the cell functions of ECA-109 were also investigated. Results Compared with the normal esophageal epithelia cells, ESCC cell lines TE-1 and ECA-109 were statistically characterized by a high expression of miR-183-5p (all P<0.05) and low expression of TβRⅠand TβRⅡ(all P<0.05). The expression of miR-183-5p in ESCC tissues was higher than that in adjacent normal tissues, while the expressions of TβRⅠ and TβRⅡ were lower (all P< 0.05). The expression of miR-183-5p was closely related to sex, tumor differentiation, tumor staging, distant metastasis, lymphatic metastasis, and tumor location (all P<0.05). TβRⅠlevel was associated with sex, lymph node metastasis and tumor size (all P<0.05). Experimental data showed the negative correlation between the expression of miR-183-5p and TβRⅠin ESCC tissues (r= -0.521, P< 0.05). Over expression of miR-183-5p significantly inhibited the expression of TβRⅠ in ECA-109 cells (P< 0.05) and promoted the growth, invasion and metastasis of ECA-109 cells (P< 0.05). Low expression of miR-183-5p significantly promoted the expression of TβRⅠ in ECA-109 cells (P< 0.05), and suppressed the growth, invasion and metastasis of ECA-109 cells (P< 0.05). There was no significant change in the expression of TβRⅡ in the transfection experiments. Conclusion MiR-183-5p is closely related to the abnormal expression of TβRⅠ, which may exert an important role in the progression of lymphatic metastasis.%目的:研究miR-183-5p、TβRⅠ及TβRⅡ在食管鳞状细胞癌(ESCC)中的表达、临床意义及相互关系。方法检测miR-183-5p、TβRⅠ及TβRⅡmRNA及蛋白在ESCC细胞株TE-1、ECA-109、正常食管上皮细胞和72例ESCC患者肿瘤组织及对应癌旁组织中的表达,分析其临床意义及miR-183-5p和TβRⅠ、TβRⅡ的相互关系。通过细胞转染实验调节细胞株ECA-109中miR-183-5p的表达,探讨miR-183-5p对TβRⅠ、TβRⅡ表达及细胞功能的影响。结果与正常食管上皮细胞相比,ESCC细胞株TE-1和ECA-109中miR-183-5p的表达增高(均P<0.05),TβRⅠ、TβRⅡ的表达降低(均P<0.05)。与癌旁组织相比, ESCC患者癌组织中miR-183-5p表达升高,而TβRⅠ、TβRⅡ表达降低(均P<0.05)。miR-183-5p的表达与患者性别、肿瘤分化、分期、远处转移、淋巴结转移及肿瘤位置相关(均P<0.05);TβRⅠ的表达与患者性别、淋巴结转移、肿瘤大小相关(均P<0.05);TβRⅡ的表达与淋巴结转移、肿瘤大小相关(均P<0.05)。相关性分析显示,miR-183-5p在癌组织中的表达与TβRⅠ的表达呈负相关(r=-0.521,P<0.05)。在细胞转染实验中,miR-183-5p过表达时,TβRⅠ表达下调,肿瘤细胞生长加速,迁移能力增强(均P<0.05);miR-183-5p低表达时,TβRⅠ表达上调,肿瘤细胞生长减慢,迁移能力减弱(均P<0.05);TβRⅡ在转染实验中无明显变化。结论 miR-183-5p与TβRⅠ的异常表达密切相关,可能在ESCC淋巴结转移中发挥重要作用。

  20. The Comparison in the Tragic Consciousness between Kawabata Yasunari and CaoYu in the Perspective of the Comparison in Literary Images between Juzi and Chen Bailu%由驹子、陈白露形象比较川端康成与曹禺的悲剧意识






    Rocking the 'Cross-Strait' Boat Just as people thought that crossstrait tensions couldn't get any more testy amid Taiwan leader Chen Shui-bian's efforts to hinder the development of cross-strait ties between the mainland and the island, they did when Chen stumbled upon a new secession drive. Chen announced February 27 his decision to terminate the "National Unification Council" and scrap the

  2. Growth of GaN- and ZnO-Based Nanorod Compound Structures


    Salomon , X. Chen, C. Bougerol, J. P. Barnes, D. S. Dang, L. Rigutti, A. de Luna Bugallo, G. Jacopin, M. Tchernycheva, C. Durand, and J. Eymery, Nano Lett...Julien, C. Durand, X. J. Chen, D. Salomon , J. Eymery, and M. Tchernycheva, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 233107 (2011). 21. G. Jacopin, A. D. L. Bugallo...P. Lavenus, L. Rigutti, F. H. Jullien, L. F. Zagonel, M. Kociak, C. Durand, D. Salomon , X. J. Chen, J. Eymery, and M. Tchernycheva, Appl. Phys

  3. An Epidemiologic Study of Genetic Variation in Hormonal Pathways in Relation to the Effect of Hormone Replacement Therapy on Breast Cancer Risk


    hormone therapy in breast cancer risk.” Kerryn W. Reding, Chu Chen, Christopher I. Li, Christopher S. Carlson, Jasmine Wilkerson, Frederico M...therapy in breast cancer risk.” Kerryn W. Reding, Chu Chen, Christopher I. Li, Christopher S. Carlson, Jasmine Wilkerson, Frederico M. Farin, Kenneth E...Chen, Christopher I. Li, Christopher S. Carlson, Jasmine Wilkerson, Frederico M. Farin, Kenneth E. Thummel, Janet R. Daling, and Kathleen E. Malone

  4. Chinese Responses to U.S. Military Transformation and Implications for the Department of Defense


    capability, warning capability, and anti-air ____________ 43 Chen Fangyou ( ), Naval Campaign Teaching Materials ( ), Bei- jing: National Defense...because the enemy may simply unplug the network, denying access to the target set, or patch the relevant vul- nerabilities, thus obviating all prior...for DoD Chen Fangyou ( ), Naval Campaign Teaching Materials ( ), Beijing: National Defense University Press, 1991. Chen Huan, “The Third Military

  5. Potenzielle Bodenerosion und Landnutzungsänderung als mögliche Folge des Dreischluchtenprojektes, am Beispiel Xiangxi, VR China

    Deppe, Jens


    Das Ausgangsproblem der Arbeit war die Abholzung der Hänge am Unterlauf des Xiangxi und deren Umwandlung in landwirtschaftliche Nutzflächen. Hierdurch entstehen hohe Bodenerosionspotenziale. Ziel dieser Arbeit war daher zum einen, diese Bodenerosionspotenziale mit Hilfe der Allgemeinen Bodenabtragsgleichung (ABAG) abzuschätzen. Zum anderen sollten geeignete Ausweichflächen für die überfluteten Ackerflächen identifiziert werden. Gleichzeitig wurde hierbei auch die generelle Einsatzmöglichkeit ...

  6. MR Imaging Based Treatment Planning for Radiotherapy of Prostate Cancer


    Applied Clinical Medical Physics 5: 18-28 (2004a). 11. Wang L, Movsas B, Jacob R, Fourkal E, Chen L, Price R, Feigenberg S, Konski A, Pollack A and Ma...Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics 5: 29-41 (2004b). Lili Chen, Ph.D. 14 12. Wang L, Hoban P, Paskalev K, Yang J, Li J, Chen L, Xiong W, Ma...planning system for extracranial IMRT. Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics 7: 21-34 (2006). 20. Wang L , Feigenberg S, Chen L, Pasklev K and

  7. 77 FR 28880 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants


    ..., Inglewood, CA 90301, Officers: Edison Chen, Manager (Qualifying Individual), Wei-Nung (Janus) Lin, Member... A. Case, Vice President (Qualifying Individual), Thomas C. Case, President, Application Type:...

  8. Light Control and Image Transmission Through Photonic Lattices with Engineered Coupling


    Hernandez*, D. Cannan*, Y. Hu, S. Fardad , S. Huang*, J. Chen, D. N. Christodoulides and Z. Chen, “Rotating beads and bacteria with optical tweezers...Hernandez*, D. Cannan*, Y. Hu, S. Fardad , S. Huang*, J. Chen, D. N. Christodoulides and Z. Chen, “Rotating Beads and Bacteria with Moiré combined phase and amplitude modulation in the Fourier space," Opt. Lett. 38, 3387-3389 (2013).  S. Fardad , M. S. Mills, P. Zhang. W. Man, Z

  9. Integrable Deformations of the (2+1)-Dimensional Heisenberg Ferromagnetic Model Service and feedback Email this article to a colleague Add to Bookshelf Add to Citation Manager Cite This Article Email Alert Keywords Heisenberg ferromagnet model integrable deformation nonlinear Schr?dinger equation Authors YAN Zhao-Wen CHEN Min-Ru WU Ke ZHAO Wei-Zhong Integrable Deformations of%Integrable Deformations of the (2+1)-Dimensional Heisenberg Ferromagnetic Model Service and feedback Email this article to a colleague Add to Bookshelf Add to Citation Manager Cite This Article Email Alert Keywords Heisenberg ferromagnet model integrable deformation nonlinear Schr?dinger equation Authors YAN Zhao-Wen CHEN Min-Ru WU Ke ZHAO Wei-Zhong Integrable Deformations of

    颜昭雯; 陈敏茹; 吴可; 赵伟忠


    Based on the covariant prolongation structure technique,we construct the integrable higher-order deformations of the (2+1)-dimensional Heisenberg ferromagnet model and obtain their su(2)×R(λ) prolongation structures.By associating these deformed multidimensional Heisenberg ferromagnet models with the moving space curve in Euclidean space and using the Hasimoto function,we derive their geometrical equivalent counterparts,i.e.,higher-order (2+1)-dimensional nonlinear Schr?dinger equations.

  10. First glimpse of the compilation of folk genealogy in Huizhou in the late Qing Dynasty——taking the genealogical documents of the Chen family in Zhuyuan,Qimen in the year of 23 Guangxu, Qing Dynasty as an example%清末徽州民间宗谱纂修活动研究——以光绪二十三年祁门竹源陈氏宗谱文书为例

    陈琪; 胡筱艳



  11. 厚德慈爱幸福绵延——上海市儿童医院院长陈方诠释"金字招牌"与治院新篇%Great virtue joined to the love of benevolence,happiness has never been stopped——CHEN Fang,the director of Shanghai Children's Hospital,interpretes"Golden Signs"and the new chapter of hospital governance



    @@ 流金岁月见证"金字招牌" 回溯上世纪30年代,申城赫然问世中国第一家儿童医院.那是抗日战争烽烟四起的艰难岁月."八一三"事变后,日本侵略军攻进上海.当时,上海的难民收容所接纳了大批逃离家乡的难民.1937年12月,目睹难民痛楚、立志为受难儿童服务的儿科专家富文寿,毅然创办了设有100张床位的难童医院.此即为日后享有盛誉的上海市儿童医院前身.

  12. 从启蒙到革命:来自道德理想的引渡——“五四”时期陈独秀、李大钊、毛泽东激进思想的逻辑构成%From Enlightenment to Revolution: From the Extradition of ethical ideal——Logic Formation of Radical Thoughts of Chen Duxiu, Li Dazhao and Mao Zedong




  13. Organic Combination of Exact Calculation, Rhythm Combination, Motive Development and Timbre Design——combination from of musical factors of China and the West in Chen Yi's composition Spirit%精确计算、节奏组合、动机发展与音色设计的有机结合——中西音乐因素在陈怡《气》中融合的方式




  14. 文人拟乐府与汉乐府之异同初探--以汉乐府民歌《饮马长城窟行》及陈琳拟作为例%On similarities and differences between literati Ni Yuefu and imitating Yuefu in Han Dynasty-- Taking Han Yuefu folk songs " water at the Great Wall" and Chen Lin intended as Example



      汉乐府民歌是我国文学百花园中的一朵奇葩,其形式多是以叙事为主的。它是我国古典诗歌中五言体、杂言体的直接源头。文人拟乐府诗创作从东汉时开始繁盛,到魏晋南北朝时期已经成为文人抒情言志的一个重要载体,之后历代文人多有创作。以致文人拟乐府诗歌创作成为我国诗歌史上的一个普遍现象。文人拟乐府对汉乐府民歌的继承点在哪里?又有哪些突破与创新?本文以汉乐府民歌《饮马长城窟行》及陈琳拟作为例,试图做一番粗浅的探讨。%Yuefu in Han Dynasty is a wonderful work of art garden in China, its form is a narrative. It is the ancient Chinese classical poem body, miscellaneous directly from the speech. Literati Ni Yuefu poem creation begins from the Eastern Han Dynasty, to have become an important carrier of literati lyrical in the southern and Northern Dynasties period, after many scholars creation. That scholar Yuefu poetry creation to become a common phenomenon in the history of Chinese poetry. Where is Literati to the Yuefu folk songs inheritance? What are the breakthrough and innovation? In this paper ,take Yuefu songs in the Han Dynasty " water at the Great Wall" and Chenlin intended as example, tries to make a shallow discussion.

  15. 论“世界之结”的松解--兼评陈巍博士著《神经现象学:整合脑与意识经验的认知科学哲学进路》%The Relaxed World-Knot---A Review of Neurophenomenology:An Approach in Philosophy of Cognitive Science for Integrating Brain and Conscious Experience by Doctor Chen Wei



    Consciousness, which Arthur Schopenhauer calls the ‘world-knot ’ , has arguably been the central problem in modern philosophy since its inception in the 17th century. Since the 19th century in particular, it has become the taboo of scientific research. In recent years there has been an explosion of scientific work on con-sciousness in cognitive neuroscience, psychology, and other fields. It has become possible to think that we are moving toward a genuine scientific understanding of conscious experience. Dr. Chen’ s new book provides an ob-jective and systematical elaboration of neurophenomenology, offering a reciprocal constraint relationship between phenomenology and neuroscience to advance this interdisciplinary approach.%意识被德国伟大的哲学家叔本华冠以“世界之结”,成为若干个世纪以来哲学家们争论的焦点,以及近现代以来科学研究的“禁区”。伴随认知科学的兴起,哲学与自然科学之间的交互启发推动意识这一主题从“玄迷”走向“问题”。陈巍博士的新著系统梳理了意识研究的神经现象学方案,并结合现象学洞见与神经科学证据推进了该进路的核心观点,这将为国内外认知科学界寻觅整合脑与主观体验的认识论进路提供丰富启示。

  16. 巧用助学系统,提高大学语文自主合作学习的实效性--以陈洪版《大学语文》为例%To Improve the Effectiveness of the Autonomous Cooperative Learning of College Chinese by Skillfully Using the Student Aid System---a case study of College Chinese by CHEN Hong



    助学系统是教材的重要组成部分,大学语文教材的助学系统都比较完备。它们可以起着明确文章主题、降低阅读难度、拉近读写距离、增加学习趣味、体现编者意图的作用。巧用助学系统,可以提高大学语文自主合作学习的实效性。%Abstsact:The student aid system is an important part of teaching materials .The student aid systems of College Chinese are all com-plete systems ,which can clarify the themes of articles ,seduce the difficulty of reading ,draw near the distance between reading and writing ,improve the learning interest ,and reflect the purposes of the editors .Thus ,if the student aid system is skillfully used ,the effectiveness of the autonomous cooperative learning can also be improved .

  17. Speech from Mr. Chen Qingtai, Member of the Standing Committee of the CPPCC%由汽车大国走向汽车强国——国务院发展研究中心原党组书记、副主任,全国政协常委、全国政协经济委员会副主任陈清泰在2007中国商用车出口论坛上的讲话


    @@ 进入新世纪,中国汽车工业的发展走上了快车道.在加入WTO后的5年间,中国汽车产销量竟增长了3倍.2006年全国汽车产销量突破720万辆,一举上升到世界前3位.



    <正>20142564Chen Mingxing(Beijing Research Institute of Survey and Design,China Hydropower Engineering Consulting Group Co.,Beijing 100024,China);Chen Baoguo Application of Drilling Deviation Correcting and Deflecting Techniques in Geological Exploration at Songta Hydropower Station(Exploration Engineering,ISSN1672-7428,CN11-5063/TD,

  19. Scalability of Robotic Controllers: An Evaluation of Controller Options


    Chen, Haas, & Barnes, 2007; Chen, Haas, Pillalamarri, & Jacobson, 2006; Renfro, Merlo , Duley, Gilson, & Hancock, 2007; Stafford, Jingjing, Merlo ...Hancock, 2007; Stafford, Hancock, Graham, & Merlo , 2007). This experiment is the second in a series of experiments designed to investigate current...understanding; and maximizing aerial and ground robotic mission effectiveness” ( Merlo , 2006). A similar definition is “The tailored reception and transmission

  20. Structural Chemistry of Functional Materials


    @@ This innovative research group on structural chemistry of functional materials was approved by NSFC in 2005.Headed by Prof.HONG Maochun, the team consists of several young research scientists from the CAS Fujian Institute of Research on the Structures of Matter, including Profs CAO Rong, LU Canzhong, GUO Guocong, CHEN Zhongning, MAO Jianggao Mao and CHEN Ling.

  1. Disease: H01175 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Full Text Available Chen YY, Hsieh KS, Ger LP, Chen YS, Liu YC Staphylococcus lugdunensis infective endocarditis: a literature...nosis of Staphylococcus lugdunensis native valve infective endocarditis: case report and literature review. Int J Infect Dis 13:e511-3 (2009) ...

  2. Fueling America’s Transportation Requirements


    Ming Xu, Xuezhi Zhang, Qiang Hu, Milton Sommerfeld, Yongsheng Chen. “Life-cycle analysis on biodiesel production from microalgae : Water footprint and...Milton Sommerfeld, Yongsheng Chen. “Life- cycle analysis on biodiesel production from microalgae : Water footprint and nutrients balance.” Bioresearch

  3. A Physics-Based Means of Computing the Flow Around a Maneuvering Underwater Vehicle


    and, thus, the correct out-of-plane forces. Recent work by Chen, Celestina , and Adamczyk [1994] showed promise in modeling these aperiodic boundaries...Reno, Nevada, January 1993. Chen, J. P., Celestina , M. L. and Adamczyk, J. J., "A New Procedure for Simulating Unsteady Flows Through

  4. Identification of the Microtubule Inhibitor-Activated Bcl-xL Kinase: A Regulator of Breast Cancer Cell Chemosensitivity to Taxol


    differentiation: biochemical identification using Xenopus egg extracts. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 96:4797–4802. 5 7. Vassilev, L. T., C. Tovar ...L. T., C. Tovar , S. Chen, D. Knezevic, X. Zhao, H. Sun, D. C. Heimbrook, and L. Chen. 2006. Selective small-molecule inhibitor reveals critical

  5. A Neural Network for Estimation of Aortic Pressure from the Radial Artery Pressure Pulse


    from periphery to artery: a model based study, American Journal of Physiology, 1998,274:43, pp H1386-92 [9] C. Chen, E. Nevo , B Fetics, P Pak, F, Yin, L...36. [10] B Fetics, E Nevo , C. Chen, D Kass, Parametric model derivation of transfer function for noninvasive estimation of aortic pressure by radial

  6. Publications


    (1) A Large Area Mylar Foil Vacuum-silver-plated Equipment of RIBLL.Nuelear Electronics & Detection Technology, 21,1(2001). Wang Meng, Chen Zhiqiang, et al.(2) A Longitudinal Striped Anode Twin-foil Ionization Chamber for Particle Identification at RIBLL. Nuclear Techniques, 24,10(2001). Chen Zhiqiang.

  7. WAIS-IV and WISC-IV Structural Validity: Alternate Methods, Alternate Results. Commentary on Weiss et al. (2013a) and Weiss et al. (2013b)

    Canivez, Gary L.; Kush, Joseph C.


    Weiss, Keith, Zhu, and Chen (2013a) and Weiss, Keith, Zhu, and Chen (2013b), this issue, report examinations of the factor structure of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Fourth Edition (WAIS-IV) and Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Fourth Edition (WISC-IV), respectively; comparing Wechsler Hierarchical Model (W-HM) and…

  8. The roles of electronic books in the transformation of learning and instruction

    Huang, R; Chen, N; Kang, M; McKenney, S; Churchill, D


    Huang, R., Chen, N., Kang, M. McKenney, S. & Churchill, D. (2013). The roles of electronic books in the transformation of learning and instruction. In N. Chen, R. Huang, Kinshuk, Y. Li, D. G. Sampson (Eds.) Proceedings of the IEEE 13th International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies (ICAL

  9. Proximate Units in Word Production: Phonological Encoding Begins with Syllables in Mandarin Chinese but with Segments in English

    O'Seaghdha, Padraig G.; Chen, Jenn-Yeu; Chen, Train-Min


    In Mandarin Chinese, speakers benefit from fore-knowledge of what the first syllable but not of what the first phonemic segment of a disyllabic word will be (Chen, Chen, & Dell, 2002), contrasting with findings in English, Dutch, and other Indo-European languages, and challenging the generality of current theories of word production. In this…

  10. Reference: 719 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Full Text Available 719 Chang Chiung-swey Joan...psis de-etiolation. 2 205-19 18182030 2008 Apr The Plant journal Chang Chiung-swey Joanne|Chen Li-Teh|Chen W

  11. Does Charity Need Overt Publicity?


    CHEN Guangbiao,President of Jiangsu Huangpu Renewable Resources,made headlines in January 2011 when he gave out red envelopes stuffed with money to those in need in Taiwan, and again in March when he handed out cash to survivors of earthquake-stricken Yingjiang County,Yunnan Province.The posed photos of Chen along with earthquake survivors holding

  12. Kirghiz Women’s Goodwill Delegation Visits China


    <正>Invited by the CPAFFC, the Kirghiz women’s goodwill delegation headed by K. Abdybalieva visited Beijing, Shanghai and Suzhou.CPAFFC President Chen Haosu and Vice President Su Guang met with the delegation and hosted a banquet in its honour. Kirghiz Ambassador E. Abdyldaev and his wife were present. President Chen

  13. DMPD: Antiviral innate immunity pathways. [Dynamic Macrophage Pathway CSML Database

    Full Text Available 16474426 Antiviral innate immunity pathways. Seth RB, Sun L, Chen ZJ. Cell Res. 200...6 Feb;16(2):141-7. (.png) (.svg) (.html) (.csml) Show Antiviral innate immunity pathways. PubmedID 16474426 ...Title Antiviral innate immunity pathways. Authors Seth RB, Sun L, Chen ZJ. Publication Cell Res. 2006 Feb;16

  14. Interaction between Phonological and Semantic Representations: Time Matters

    Chen, Qi; Mirman, Daniel


    Computational modeling and eye-tracking were used to investigate how phonological and semantic information interact to influence the time course of spoken word recognition. We extended our recent models (Chen & Mirman, 2012; Mirman, Britt, & Chen, 2013) to account for new evidence that competition among phonological neighbors influences…



    <正>20090955 Chen Jianping(Institute of Land Resources and High Techniques,China University of Geosciences,Beijing 100083, China);Chen Yong 3-D Positioning and Quantitative Prediction of the Koktokay No.3 Pegmatite Dike,Xinjiang,China, Based on the Digital Mineral Deposit Model

  16. Xiuhua Mountain Museum


    XIUHUA Mountain Museum,a building nestled amongthe hills,is the first private museum of the Tujiaethnicity.Its name is an amalgamation of the names ofthe couple who run it,Gong Daoxiu and her husband ChenChuhua.According to Chen,the reason that he put his wife’s

  17. The Strength of a Woman


    Just 12 years ago, Chen Juanhong was a shy girl more concerned about her extraordinary height of 1.79 meters than anything elsel But she soon used her height to her advantage and found her confidence on the catwalk. Now at 32, Chen is a successful model.

  18. A short remark on He-Lee’s variational principle for heat conduction

    Fei Dong-Dong


    Full Text Available Tao and Chen claimed that they obtained a new constrained variational principle for heat conduction (Tao, Z. L., Chen, G. H., Thermal Science, 17 (2013, 3, pp. 951-952, however, this short note concludes that it is not new at all. It is equivalent to He-Lee 2009 variational principle.

  19. The roles of electronic books in the transformation of learning and instruction

    Huang, R; Chen, N; Kang, M; McKenney, S; Churchill, D


    Huang, R., Chen, N., Kang, M. McKenney, S. & Churchill, D. (2013). The roles of electronic books in the transformation of learning and instruction. In N. Chen, R. Huang, Kinshuk, Y. Li, D. G. Sampson (Eds.) Proceedings of the IEEE 13th International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies

  20. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, China


    8 Stochastic Hybrid Adaptive Control Scheme for Missile Control System [Li Yanjun and Chen Xinhai; YUHANG XUEBAO, 30 Apr 91...2, May 91] .... 17 Study on Parameter Identification of Fuzzy Control Model on Human Control Behavior [Huang Junlin , Long Shengzhao; YUHANG XUEBAO...21 Coaxially Pumped Optical Fiber Dye Laser Studied [Lu Xuebiao, Chen Yangqin