Sample records for yi yao wei



    @@ Professor Zhen YAO, Ph.D., a distinguished cell biologist and a Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences,Editor-in-Chief of Cell Research, passed away at 9:55 am on November 4th, 2005 in Shanghai at the age of 90. He is survived by his wife, Jing DING, his son Li Xing YAO,and granddaughter, Qin Yi YAO.



      Professor Zhen YAO, Ph.D., a distinguished cell biologist and a Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences,Editor-in-Chief of Cell Research, passed away at 9:55 am on November 4th, 2005 in Shanghai at the age of 90. He is survived by his wife, Jing DING, his son Li Xing YAO,and granddaughter, Qin Yi YAO.……

  3. Herb-Drug Pharmacokinetic Interaction of a Traditional Chinese Medicine Jia-Wei-Xiao-Yao-San with 5-Fluorouracil in the Blood and Brain of Rat Using Microdialysis

    Meng-Hsuan Chiang


    Full Text Available According to a survey from the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD, Jia-Wei-Xiao-Yao-San (JWXYS is the most popular Chinese medicine for cancer patients in Taiwan. 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU is a general anticancer drug for the chemotherapy. To investigate the herb-drug interaction of JWXYS on pharmacokinetics of 5-FU, a microdialysis technique coupled with a high-performance liquid chromatography system was used to monitor 5-FU in rat blood and brain. Rats were divided into four parallel groups, one of which was treated with 5-FU (100 mg/kg, i.v. alone and the remaining three groups were pretreated with a different dose of JWXYS (600, 1200, or 2400 mg/kg/day for 5 consecutive days followed by a combination with 5-FU. This study demonstrates that 5-FU with JWXYS (600 mg/kg/day or 1200 mg/kg/day has no significant effect on the pharmacokinetics of 5-FU in the blood and brain. However, JWXYS (2400 mg/kg/day coadministered with 5-FU extends the elimination half-life and increases the volume of distribution of 5-FU in the blood. The elimination half-life of 5-FU in the brain for the pretreatment group with 2400 mg/kg/day of JWXYS is significantly longer than that for the group treated with 5-FU alone and also reduces the clearance. This study provides practical dosage information for clinical practice and proves the safety of 5-FU coadministered with JWXYS.

  4. Herb-Drug Pharmacokinetic Interaction of a Traditional Chinese Medicine Jia-Wei-Xiao-Yao-San with 5-Fluorouracil in the Blood and Brain of Rat Using Microdialysis

    Chiang, Meng-Hsuan; Chang, Li-Wen; Wang, Ju-Wen; Lin, Lie-Chwen; Tsai, Tung-Hu


    According to a survey from the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD), Jia-Wei-Xiao-Yao-San (JWXYS) is the most popular Chinese medicine for cancer patients in Taiwan. 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) is a general anticancer drug for the chemotherapy. To investigate the herb-drug interaction of JWXYS on pharmacokinetics of 5-FU, a microdialysis technique coupled with a high-performance liquid chromatography system was used to monitor 5-FU in rat blood and brain. Rats were divided into four parallel groups, one of which was treated with 5-FU (100 mg/kg, i.v.) alone and the remaining three groups were pretreated with a different dose of JWXYS (600, 1200, or 2400 mg/kg/day for 5 consecutive days) followed by a combination with 5-FU. This study demonstrates that 5-FU with JWXYS (600 mg/kg/day or 1200 mg/kg/day) has no significant effect on the pharmacokinetics of 5-FU in the blood and brain. However, JWXYS (2400 mg/kg/day) coadministered with 5-FU extends the elimination half-life and increases the volume of distribution of 5-FU in the blood. The elimination half-life of 5-FU in the brain for the pretreatment group with 2400 mg/kg/day of JWXYS is significantly longer than that for the group treated with 5-FU alone and also reduces the clearance. This study provides practical dosage information for clinical practice and proves the safety of 5-FU coadministered with JWXYS. PMID:25861367

  5. 汪绂《医林纂要探源》的整理研究%The Collecting and Studying of Wang Fu's "YiLing CuanYao TanYuan"

    王甜; 江凌圳


    [目的]对清代名家汪绂及著作《医林纂要探源》进行系统的整理研究。[方法]应用文献整理方法,对汪绂的生平、《医林纂要探源》版本进行考证,对其治学理念、学术思想进行研究评述。对《医林纂要探源》的作者、版本和主要内容进行了系统研究。[结果]汪绂为婺源段莘人,东南名儒,生平坎坷,并常识渊博,精通医药。虽未从医,但授学著书,读书细致,治学严谨,共撰写30多种书稿。《医林纂要探源》为其医学代表作,集诸家医书分类编辑而成,现存两个清刻本和一个清抄本,其中最早的是婺源和源单氏刻本,遗经堂藏板。全书以医源为先导,以中药、方剂为重心,而推《素》《灵》微言为纲领,循叙人体病变为正宗,对中医基础理论和疾病辨证论治作了全面而深刻的阐述[结论]对汪绂及其著作《医林纂要探源》系统的整理研究有重要的文献价值,汪绂细致严谨、引经据典、博采众长的治学理念和作风值得后世继承和发扬。%Objective]Collecting and studying Wang Fu and his book "YiLing CuanYao TanYuan" systematically. [Method]Literature research on Wang Fu's life and the versions of"YiLing CuanYao TanYuan", reviewing his concept of study and academic thoughts. [Result]Confucian Wang Fu wrote more than 30 manuscripts, his medical masterpiece“YiLing CuanYao TanYuan", existing versions of two Qing printed editions and one Qing transcript, guided by medical source, centered on traditional Chinese medicine and prescription, accounted for human disease, made a comprehensive and profound elaboration on the basic theory of TCM.The recipes and traditional Chinese medicine of this book have clinical significance . [Conclusion]The collecting and studying have important literature value. These are worthy of our future generations to inherit and carry forward.

  6. Relationship between Emperor Ming of the Wei Dynasty and Sima Yi%魏明帝与司马懿关系考论--兼及魏明帝朝的政治



    Sima Yi was one of the four assisting ministers Emperor Wen of the Wei Dynasty had appointed before his death. After Emperor Ming of the Wei Dynasty acceded to the throne, he dispatched Sima Yi to Jingzhou to defend the enemy. Thereafter Sima Yi was appointed the local administrator, thus he was no longer directly engaged in the court’s affairs. Before Cao Zhen’s death, Emperor Ming assigned Sima Yi to the western frontiers to fight against the northern expedition of Zhuge Liang. After Gongsun Yuan rebelled in Liaodong, Emperor Ming dispatched Sima Yi to that prefecture. He demonstrated his trust to Sima Yi’s commanding the army. This emperor did not appoint Sima Yi as one of the assisting ministers before his death, but later let him control the imperial government with Cao Shuang because of the advice of Liu Fang and Sun Zi. During the period of Emperor Ming, Chen Qun and Chen Jiao actually wielded the power and gained the trust of the emperor. However, their attitude towards Sima Yi was somewhat intriguing. Emperor Ming could make use of Sima Yi, but would not go near him. As for Sima Yi’s attitude towards Emperor Ming, he pretended to be loyal to conceal his unfaithfulness, and raised his prestige by contributing in national affairs outside the capital.%司马懿是魏文帝临终前委任的四位辅政大臣之一。魏明帝即位后,将司马懿从朝中派往荆州御敌,后委以方任,这样他不再能直接参与朝中事务。曹真病逝前,魏明帝将司马懿调到西线抵御诸葛亮的北伐。公孙渊拥兵反叛后,魏明帝又派司马懿远征辽东,并对司马懿统兵作战表现出相当的信任。魏明帝临终前委任的辅政大臣中本来没有司马懿,说明他对后者在政治上并不完全信任,但病中的他后来听信刘放、孙资的话,最终让司马懿与曹爽一同辅政。在魏明帝朝中,陈群与陈矫掌握实权并得到皇帝的信任,而他们对司马懿的态度耐人

  7. Characteristic Study of Xujiang Physician WEI Yi-lin's Throat Academy%旴江名医危亦林喉科学术特点初探

    卢嫏环; 谢强


    As a famous Physician in Xu Jiang , Wei Yilin once learned form the earliest throat doctor Fan Shuqing and then wrote the China's earliest throat volume titled Effective Formulae Handed down for Generations · 17th volume· Tongue and throat.Wei's Clinical debate is unique in laryngeal document , initiating 18 kinds of sore-throat syndromes .His particular therapy guides acupuncture of the throat, insufflating medicinal powder and Small bamboo tubes blowing medicine .This particular therapy reflects his unique clinical style in the combination of acupuncture with medicine , and of internal therapy with external one , which has an important influence on the clinical.%元代旴江著名医学家危亦林,曾随我国最早的喉科医家范叔清学习喉科,撰成我国最早的喉科专卷《世医得效方·卷第十七·口齿兼咽喉科》。危氏喉科临证辨治独特,首创咽喉18种喉风证,创导咽喉口腔的患部针刺(喉针)、吹药(喉药)、小竹管吹药(喉枪)等特色疗法,反映了其针药结合、内外兼治的临证独特风格,至今对临床仍有着重要的指导意义。

  8. Yao Women Singers


    The Yao nationality, with a population of 2.13 million, has its own language. Due to a long history of contact with the Han and Zhuang nationalities, most Yao people also speak the Han and Zhuang languages. The Yao nationality has no written script.The Yao have settled mainly in the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. and Hunan, Yunnan, Guangdong and Guizhou Provinces. The areas they live in boast beautiful mountains dotted with bamboo trees and pine forests. The Yao are divided into many branches such as "Pan Yao". "Guoshan Yao". "White-trousers Yao", and "Red-trousers Yao". Each group has distinctive dwellings, clothing, and customs.The Yao nationality is one with strong cultural traditions. Among the many folk books, the historic documents most cherished by the Yao are the Canonization of Guoshan and the Ode to King Pan. The former tells the Yao’s history and the latter, over 3.000 lines long, depicts how the Yao ancestors created the nationality and how the objects in the world came into being.The col

  9. Yi Modern Art


    Edeshizhuo, a Yi painter, uses abstract techniques in her paintings, but expresses her inner feelings and her life experience with her color sense. Looking at her artwork, viewers can get a sense of Yi beliefs and the essence of ancient culture.

  10. On Yao's method of translation

    Liu, X.; Hoede, C.


    Machine Translation, i.e., translating one kind of natural language to another kind of natural language by using a computer system, is a very important research branch in Artificial Intelligence. Yao developed a method of translation that he called ``Lexical-Semantic Driven". In his system he introd

  11. Exploration of Chinese Allusions in Yi Kyu-bo's Fu——Centering on Yi's Wei Fu%朝鲜李奎报汉文赋引中国文化典故探析——以《畏赋》为中心



    李奎报喜爱中国传统文化,对蕴涵在中国古代典籍中的典故十分了解,在他的赋作中,篇篇皆用典,所用典故类型丰富,意蕴深厚。典故的运用,使李奎报的赋更加含蓄、概括、凝练,更扩大了其赋的内涵。典故在李奎报赋文中被广泛运用,与他所处时代的政治、文化背景和他的个人修养等密切相关。%As a scholar in ancient Korea,Yi Kyu-bo was well-known for his works of Fu,a style of writing originated from China.Yi appreciated Chinese traditional cultures and had a good command of the allusions in Chinese ancient records.Various allusions with rich connotations were quoted and can be found in each of Yi's Fu.This enlarged the meaning of his Fu and made them more implicit,conclusive and concise.The extensive use of allusions relates closely with the political situations and cultural phenomenon at that time as well as Yi's self-cultivation.

  12. On the Ling Long Yi.

    Xu, Z.-T.; Sun, X.-C.

    It was recorded in history that Guo Shou-Jing constructed thirteen astronomical instruments during the calendar reform which was led by him in the early Yuan Dynasty. One of those was called "Ling Long Yi". It is still an open question to identify what kind of astronomical instrument the Ling Long Yi is.

  13. The Educational Process of Yao Nationality



    As an important theory and practical problem,“educational process”draws double concerns both from educational the-ory and practice. Yao nationality of China is a constantly migratory minority group without its own words, However ,relying on its own unique educational process,this minority maintain its own distinctive national characteristics and keep a strong ethical identity.

  14. JIN Yi-qiang (


    JIN Yi-qiang was born in September 1932 in Changsha, Hunan Province. He was educated in Hunan Medical University and graduated in 1956. He studied in the first TCM Training Class for Western Physicians in Hunan TCM College and graduated in 1961. He worked in the TCM department and the Institute of Integrated TCM & Western Medicine (WM) in the Affiliated Xiangya Hospital, Hunan Medical University ever since, where he has been engaged in the internal medicine of Integrated TCM and WM for 43 years (including teaching, clinical practice and research work). He became a professor at 1987, and works as tutor for inheriting the experience of veteran TCM experts in China, tutor of postgraduates, director of research department, and deputy director of the institute. Meanwhile, he is the standing director of the Chinese Association of Integrated TCM & WM, the vice director of the Chinese Association of Trace Elemental Science, a member of New Drug Assessment Committee in Hunan Province and the editor of the Journal of Integrated TCM & WM.……

  15. The Yao Muslims : religion and social change in southern Malawi

    Thorold, Alan Peter Hereward


    The African Muslim minority in Malawi has been identified with one particular linguistic group, the Yao. The dissertation begins with the problem of their conversion and adherence to Islam in the face of seemingly adverse circumstances. In exploring-solutions to this problem the emergence of a Yao identity is outlined and the politics of conversion are described. The narrative then moves on to the transformations of the Yao Muslims in the hundred years since their convers...

  16. Yao Ming's Retirement from the NBA



    China's towering basketball star Yao Ming has announced his decision to retire from the National Basketball Association after a series of injuries made it impossible for him to continue to compete. Yao Ming says he's not leaving basketball, however, and will continue to work for his former Chinese team, the Shanghai Sharks as well as with his charity group the Yao Foundation.

  17. Yi Nationality Girl, Mamu Age


    TOURISM has developed rapidly in Beijing, and there are more and more sites to see, from the World Park to the China Ethnic Garden and a Miniature Replica of Old Beijing. These sites attract a large number of travelers from both home and abroad. This is Mamu Age, from the Daliangshan Yi Nationality Autonomous Prefecture in Sichuan Province. She and

  18. Yi Can Enter 2007 NBA



    China’s top young basketball player Yi Jianlian has been given the green light to enter the NBA,after his club finally agreed to let him join the NBA draft."This is a great chance and also a test for me,"said the 2.12-metre forward.

  19. New and improved spanning ratios for Yao graphs

    Barba, Luis; Bose, Prosenjit; Damian, Mirela


    For a set of points in the plane and a fixed integer κ > 0, the Yao graph Yκ partitions the space around each point into κ equiangular cones of angle θ = 2π/κ, and connects each point to a nearest neighbor in each cone. It is known for all Yao graphs, with the sole exception of Y5, whether or not...

  20. Simulating Astronomical Adaptive Optics Systems Using Yao

    Rigaut, François; Van Dam, Marcos


    Adaptive Optics systems are at the heart of the coming Extremely Large Telescopes generation. Given the importance, complexity and required advances of these systems, being able to simulate them faithfully is key to their success, and thus to the success of the ELTs. The type of systems envisioned to be built for the ELTs cover most of the AO breeds, from NGS AO to multiple guide star Ground Layer, Laser Tomography and Multi-Conjugate AO systems, with typically a few thousand actuators. This represents a large step up from the current generation of AO systems, and accordingly a challenge for existing AO simulation packages. This is especially true as, in the past years, computer power has not been following Moore's law in its most common understanding; CPU clocks are hovering at about 3GHz. Although the use of super computers is a possible solution to run these simulations, being able to use smaller machines has obvious advantages: cost, access, environmental issues. By using optimised code in an already proven AO simulation platform, we were able to run complex ELT AO simulations on very modest machines, including laptops. The platform is YAO. In this paper, we describe YAO, its architecture, its capabilities, the ELT-specific challenges and optimisations, and finally its performance. As an example, execution speed ranges from 5 iterations per second for a 6 LGS 60x60 subapertures Shack-Hartmann Wavefront sensor Laser Tomography AO system (including full physical image formation and detector characteristics) up to over 30 iterations/s for a single NGS AO system.

  1. China Kitchen Cabinet King——Yao Liangsong Concerning Yao Liangsong


    @@ Yao Liangsong,Board Chairman of Guangzhou Optima Kitchen Enterprise Co.,Ltd.,graduated from Beijing University of Aeronautics in 1985.In 1988,he quit his leisure teacher job and tried to organize some business.After running a restaurant,being a salesman,establishing a medical instrument company,he successfully set up in kitchen cabint market,founded the kitchen cabinet brand"Optima",became a forerunner in industrialized kitchen cabinet industry,and the pace-setter of China kitchen cabinet industry.He is called"China Kitchen Cabinet King"

  2. On Intercourse of Yao He and Bai Juyi and Its Influence%论姚合与白居易的交往及其影响



    The literary exchanges of Yao He and Bai Ju-yi is an extremely important part in Bai Ju-yi’s interaction map. Their inter-course is based on Laziness. Bai Ju-yi’s literary export promotes Yao He’s viewpoint of retiring from political life turn from conflict to satisfaction,makes his poems change from single themes to diversified ones,and makes his life style spread from single seclusion and poverty to diversified styles.%姚合与白居易的交往是姚合文学交往图谱中极为重要的组成部分。姚白交往以疏懒性情为基础,白居易的文化输出推动了姚合仕隐观念从矛盾转向圆融,促使姚合单一的诗歌题材向多元化转变,并使其“武功体”从单一的清寒苦僻向多元风格延伸。

  3. The Love for the Yi Script:Framing Love and Literacy among the Yi

    LIU Jiaying


    This paper addresses the representation of literacy practices among the ethnic Yi people of China in the film “The Love for the Yi Script” which is written and produced by the Yi.In framing this film ’ s plot, based on the screen writer ’ s individual experience , a “duel love” is revealed in terms of the leading male character ’ s love for the Yi script and his love with the leading female character .Drawing on critical reviews of the oral -literate divide by Collins and Blot (2003) and Street (1985), this paper examines how Yi’ s literacy practices are medi-ated by indigenous engagement in the oral -connected written classics as well as by changing life circumstances in the modern Chinese state .Influenced by Ahearn ’ s ( 2001 ) study of literacy , love letters, and social change in rural Nepal , this paper explores the changing “structures of feeling” and changing conception of romantic relationship in shaping the newly -forged Yi identi-ty that emerges through their literacy practices .

  4. [Study on Chinese Acup-Mox Medicine by YAO Tianmin].

    Li, Jianrong; Huang, Longxiang; Du, Guangzhong; Gang, Weijuan


    The characteristics and academic thoughts of Chinese Acup-Mox Medicine written by YAO Tianmin during the Republic of China was studied and analyzed in this paper. The academic thoughts of this book were confluence of Chinese and western knowledge, respecting for classics culture but not stubborn, using western science and medicine without worshiping it. The main characteristics were the scientific meridian-acupoint theory, extensive acupoint selection, "qie" method of acupuncture, high recommendation on medicated thread and ironing moxibustion, reinforcing and reducing based on the meridian direction in infantile massage, using acupuncture and cream formula for surgical treatment, and creating his own acupuncture codes.

  5. Mao Was My Neighbour: Yao Zhongda and the "Opening" of Chinese Adult Education

    Boshier, Roger


    After Deng Xiaoping's 1978 reform and opening, foreigners had a chance to see adult education in China. As a result, many met Yao Zhongda, Chief of the Bureau of Workers' and Peasants Education. From 1921 onwards, adult education has been a vital corollary of Communist revolution. Although Yao's biography was extremely relevant to what foreigners…

  6. 论《金匮要略》辨证方法的多样性%Variety of syndrome differentiation strategies of Jin Gui Yao Lue

    刘鑫源; 王昀; 赵进喜


    Jin Gui Yao Lue ( Synopsis Golden Chamber) written by ZHANG Zhong-jing, consists of the comprehensive schemes of the principles, methods, formulas and medicinals, as well as syndrome differ-entiation strategies. However, when referring to Jin Gui Yao Lue ( Synopsis Golden Chamber ) , the practitioners always think of the visceral-meridian syndrome differentiation. Actually, there are other various syndrome differentiation strategies, such as syndrome differentiations of the six meridians, the eight principal, constitution-disease-pattern, the location of disease, the different levels or stages, the cause of disease, and the qi, blood, body-fluid. These syndrome differentiation strategies not only set a typical model for later ages but also enlighten later generations to found the more advanced and practical strategies, including triple-jiao syndrome differentiation, wei-qi-ying-xue ( defence-qi-nutrient-blood ) syndrome differentiation, constitution syndrome differentiation and so on. Moreover, they make significant contributions to complete the system of syndrome differentiation in traditional Chinese medicine.%张仲景所著《金匮要略》蕴含了丰富多样的辨证方法,然而一般只提到脏腑经络辨证,实际上,在《金匮要略》中,亦有三阴三阳辨证、八纲辨证、辨体质—辨病—辨证三位一体辨病模式、部位辨证、分阶段—分层次—分期辨证、病因辨证、气血津液辨证等多种辨证方法。

  7. 姚兰的穷爸爸%Yao Lan's Poor Father



    @@ When Yao Lan was born, her parents were both working in a factory that produced newsprint paper. The paper from the factory was considered good quality and all the workers enjoyed a fairly prosperous( 富裕的 ) lifestyle, not that they were rich. They were really only comfortable, but much more than most of their counterparts(对应的人) in other factories. So, when Yao Lan came along, Yao Long, her father and An Ying, her mother were both very happy. Yao Lan's father and mother each earned three hundred yuan and in the early eighties that amount went a long way. They knew they could take good care of their daughter and provide her a decent upbringing(抚育).

  8. A Biographical Sketch of Bo Yi who is Forefather of Qin People%秦人先祖伯益事迹考略

    雍际春; 王宏谋


    Bo Yi ,was also named as Da Fei after the myth bird worshipped in his tribal society .He is the forefather of the people surnamed Ying .Bo Yi lived through the three prehistoric dynasties of China :Yao , Shun and Yu ,while he only took office in the latter two dynasties as the official in charge of national re-sources management .During his lifetime ,he dedicated himself to the public works of water network con-trol ,and assisted Emperor Yu to appease the riots of San Miao tribes .Bo Yi specialized in fletching , schaft sinking and forecasting the harvest of the coming year .He advocated that the society be governed by the highest measure of law and morality ,and he supported the public policies catering for the needs of the rank and file .For his outstanding contribution ,Bo Yi was appointed as successor of Emperor Yu ,but he was murdered by Xia Qi ,a son of Yu .Bo Yi had three fieds :Fei ,Ying and Qin .Among them ,Fei was the place where his tribe originally inhabited .Ying was the fief which surnamed his people and Qin became the very land that the offspring of the Qin people thrived on .%伯益本名大费,为嬴姓之祖,其名号与本部族玄鸟崇拜有关。伯益历事尧、舜、禹三朝,事迹主要在舜、禹两朝。其事迹主要有佐禹平治水土,担任朕虞执掌山林川泽,佐禹平三苗之乱,长于占岁、凿井和造箭,提倡德治法度、主张勤政爱民等五个方面。伯益因功勋卓著而成为大禹选定的继承人,但后被大禹之子夏启所杀。伯益曾获三个封地:“费”为伯益固有居地,“嬴”乃伯益获姓受封之地,“秦”为最后所封之地。嬴秦先祖历史由伯益而展开。

  9. On MAO Zedong’s Manuscript Guiguo Yao·Jinxiao Yue%关于毛泽东手迹《归国谣·今宵月》的探讨



    1937年,毛泽东在延安亲笔书写并送给了著名作家丁玲三首诗词,《归国谣·今宵月》为其一,但该词系何人何时何地所作尚无定论。笔者认为该词是毛泽东于1917年夏天游学期间,在宁乡沩山密印寺所作。这首词赞美了月色下的沩山,也含蓄地表达了作者在此顿悟救国救民的大道理后开朗的心情。%In 1937,MAO Zedong wrote three poetries by himself in Yan’an and gave them to the famous writer DING Ling.One of these poetries is Guigong Yao·Jinxiao Yue;however,it is not certain about its creator,creation time and location yet.The writer be-lieves that this poetry was created by MAO Zedong at Miyin Temple in Wei Mountain,Ningxiang in 1917 during his travel study in summer.This poetry extolled the Wei Mountain in the moonlight,and also implicitly expressed his good mood after obtaining the epiph-any of saving our country and people there.

  10. 《奎章政要》真伪及虞、揭关系辨析%The Authenticity of Kuizhang Zheng Yao and the Relationship between Yu Ji and Jie Xisi



      揭斯著《奎章政要》一书的说法,最早见于元末陶宗仪《辍耕录》“奎章政要”条。根据与揭斯同时的欧阳玄为揭斯写的墓志铭、黄蟳为揭斯写的神道碑可以确定,《奎章政要》是讹窜揭斯的《太平政要》所致。“奎章政要”条的描述逻辑乖谬,基本是杜撰,这与元季人士对虞集、揭斯才华的估定以及对他们的熟稔程度有关。人们以揭斯在《范先生诗序》中所提供的虞集关于“元诗四家”的诗评为导火索,对虞、揭关系的解读逐渐偏离事实,引发出许多讹谬。%The earliest mention of Jie Xisi's writing of the book Kuizhang Zheng Yao(《奎章政要》) can be found in Tao Zong yi's Chuo Geng Lu(《辍耕录》). From Jie's epitaph written by his contem-porary Ouyang Xuan and the inscriptions on his tombstone written by Huang Jin,we can conclude that Kuizhang Zheng Yao was actually Jie's Taiping Zheng Yao(《太平政要》). That is to say,the entry of Jie's Kuizhang Zheng Yao in Chuo Geng Lu was invented by its author Tao Zongyi,which is against the fact and logic. Tao's invention is due to the fact that scholars in the late Yuan Dynasty misinterpreted the talents of and the relationship between Yu Ji and Jie Xisi,which gave rise to many misleading ac-counts in that regard. Their interpretation of the relationship between Yu and Jie is based on the shaky foundation of their misunderstanding of Jie's review of Yu's poems in Fanxiansheng Shi Xu(《范先生诗序》).

  11. The proof of the sufficient descent condition of the Wei-Yao-Liu conjugateg radient method under the strong Wolfe-Powell line search

    Hai Huang; Zengxin Wei


    @@ 1. Introduction The conjugate gradient (CG) method has played a special role for solving large-scale nonlinear optimization due to the simplicity of their iteration and their very low memory requirements. In fact, the CG method is not among the fastest or more robust optimization algorithms for nonlinear problems available today,but it remains very popular for engineers and mathematicians who are interested in solving large problems [16,17].

  12. Mutual Taboos between the Liangshan Yi and European Tourists

    LI Bin


    With China ’ s promotion to estab-lish comprehensive relations with other countries , and with the sustainable development of transporta-tion and tourism in western China , the Liangshan Yi area, because of its beautiful natural environ-ment and unique culture , has become a tourist at-traction .

  13. Dr. Yi Juqing's Experience in Treating Female Infertility

    Meng Jimin


    @@ With rich experience accumulated in medical practice for 40 years, Dr. Yi Juqing (易菊清), a chief physician, is good at treating various kinds of refractory diseases. The following is an introduction of his experience in treating female infertility.

  14. 文化寓言的转型与承续--论王安忆《长恨歌》与《天香》的美学嬗变%Transformation and Inheritance of Cultural Allegories-Aesthetic Transmutation about Wang An-yi's Chang Hen Ge and Tian Xiang



    Shanghai Spirit was one of the themes of Wang An-yi's novels, and she presented different forms in different ages. Chang Hen Ge and Tian Xiang backdated the spirit of Shanghai culture, showing the vertical inheritance and transmutation of Wang An-yi's creation. Wang Qi-yao in Chang Hen Ge was a symbol of elegant and exquisite culture in Shanghai City Spirit, while Tian Xiang depic-ted several generations of folk artists' pursuit on exquisite embroider, having the gracious quality with art and poetry. Whether the in-dividual charming pose by Wang Qi-yao, or the collective potentials from those folk artists focused Wang An-yi's critical reflection on the old and new Shanghai culture.%上海精神是王安忆小说的主题之一,她在不同的时代寓之以不同的形式。《长恨歌》与《天香》以不同的审美方式回溯了上海文化的精神气象,显示了王安忆创作的纵向承续与转型变异。《长恨歌》中的王琦瑶是上海城市精神中优雅精致文化的象征,《天香》则描摹了几代天香园人对刺绣的精湛追求,成就了艺魂诗心的高贵品质。不论是王琦瑶个体式的娇艳姿态,还是天香园人集体式的群芳潜质,都凝结了王安忆对新旧上海文化的批判性反思。

  15. [On Relation between Diabetes and Intestinal Flora from Theory of Pi-Wei].

    Gong, Jing; Chen, Guang; Wang, Ding-kun; Lu, Fu-er


    Diabetes is seriously hazards to human health and its pathogeneses are not clear. Recent studies show that the imbalance of intestinal flora and the development of diabetes are closely related. Appropriate bacteria can improve blood sugar disorder. Treating diabetes from the theory of Pi-Wei is effective. Regulating intestinal flora has become a new pathway for treating diabetes from the theory of Pi-Wei. On the basis of intestinal flora, authors discussed the treatment of diabetes from Pi and Wei.

  16. 瑶族药浴防治风湿病%Preventing and Treating Rheumatism by Yao Nationality Medicated Bath

    李拥军; 郭玉荣; 尹智功


    本研究从瑶族药浴的形成、分类、作用、注意事项及防治风湿病方面进行系统阐述,指出运用瑶族药浴防治风湿病是瑶医治未病思想的具体体现。%The formation, classification, function, notes of Yao nationality medicated bath and preventive treatment of rheumatism are illustrated systematically, preventing and treating rheumatism by Yao nationality medi-cated bath are the embodiment of the thinking of preventive treatment of disease in Yao medicine.

  17. Lu YaoS Works, Deeply Rooted in Loessland%浅析路遥作品中的黄土地情结



    黄色与红色构成了陕北文化的重要底色,黄土地也成为路遥小说中着力营构的文学意象。荒凉、苦焦并不是黄土地的真实内涵,她用干瘪的乳房哺育了世世代代的陕北人,为千千万万的如同路遥那样渴望改变命运,改变贫穷的有志青年提供不竭的动力,黄土地也用她那博大、宽广的胸怀接纳、抚慰着迷茫、失落的奋斗者。路遥在苦难中寻找出路,在失败中顽强崛起,在黄土地的沟峁拐梁里谱写着一曲曲凝重、悲怆的不屈之歌。%The colors of yellow and red constructed the crucial grounding color, loessland became the vital imago that Lu Yao went all out to establish in his novels. Desolation and misery is not the real connotation of the loessland, she fed up generations of northern Shaanxinese with her flaccid breasts and providing endless power for thousands of youth as LU Yao who longed to change fate and poverty, the loessland comforted and accepted the confused and lost strivers with her broad and giant mind. Lu Yao sought for outlet in the misery, erected in his failure and ultimately com- posed themes of tragedies in the ditches of loessland.

  18. An Incomplete Survey of Wang Yao's and Chen Pingyuan's Academic Research%沿着鲁迅的道路--对王瑶与陈平原之学术研究的不完全考察



    In the inheritance and development of Lu Xun's academic research achievements, Wang Yao and Chen Pingyuan are prominent representatives, for the studies on the setup of the modern Chinese academic system initiated by Wang Yao and carried forward by Chen Pingyuan has once exerted a greater influence on relevant re-searches in the late 20th century. In Scholars' Lives in Medieval Times can be discerned not only Lu Xun's impact on Wang Yao regarding Lu Xun's idea of the literary creation and viewpoints of scholars in Wei and Jin dynasties but also Wang Yao's expansion and innovation on the basis of relevant studies on Lu Xun. In the wake of Wang Yao, Chen Pingyuan has studied the history of the 20th-century Chinese novels and surveyed the modern academic history, thus having shown his strong consciousness of the academic history and his perspective as a historian. Mo-reover, based on his inheritance of Lu Xun's view on writing the literary history, Chen Pingyuan has proposed his own theoretical supposition on writing the modern literary history and has made some beneficial attempt. Chen will, in time, have more success in this aspect.%在承继和发展鲁迅的学术研究成果方面,王瑶和陈平原师生二人是较为突出的代表,由王瑶首倡并由陈平原继之的有关中国现代学术体系建立的研究,曾对20世纪末的相关研究产生了较大影响。在《中古文人生活》中,不仅可见王瑶所受鲁迅有关魏晋文人创作及思想观点的影响,更可发见王瑶在鲁迅相关研究基础上的拓展与创新。王瑶之后,陈平原所作有关20世纪中国小说史的研究以及关于现代学术史的考察等,都显示出其较强的学术史意识和史家眼光,他本人也在承继鲁迅的文学史撰写理念基础上,对现代的文学史书写提出了自己的理论构想并作出有益的尝试。假以时日,他当能在这方面有更大的成就。

  19. Prof.ZHANG Yi's Experience in Treating Severe Arrhythmia

    CHEN Wei-guo; BA Zhuo-ma


    @@ Prof. ZHANG Yi is a supervisor in the work of inheriting the experiences from national TCM experts, and enjoys special subsidy granted by the State Council. Graduated from Tongji Medical College, Prof. ZHANG has been engaged in medical work for about 50 years, and has worked for many years as the director of the Department of Internal Cardiology in the Affiliated Hospital of Qinghai Medical College.

  20. Secure multi-party computation solution to Yao's millionaires' problem based on set-inclusion

    LI Shundong; DAI Yiqi; YOU Qiyou


    Secure multi-party computation is a focus of international cryptography in recent years. Protocols for Yao's millionaires' problem have become an important building block of many secure multi-party computation protocols. Their efficiency are crucial to the efficiency of many secure multi-party computation protocols. Unfortunately, known protocols for Yao's millionaires' problem have high computational complexity or communication complexity. In this study, based on the 1-out-of-m oblivious transfer and set-inclusion problem, we propose a new protocol to solve this problem. This new protocol is very efficient in terms of both computational and communication complexities. Its privacy-preserving property is also proved by simulation paradigm which is generally accepted in the study of secure multi-party computation. We also compare the information leakage of our new protocol and the known protocols.

  1. His Excellency Professor Dr Che-Ho Wei, Chairman, National Science Council Executive Yuan, Republic of China

    Patrice Loïez


    Photo 01: Professor Dr. Che-Ho Wei signing the Guest Book with CERN Director-General, L. Maiani. Photo 02: Professor Dr. Che-Ho Wei. Photo 03::Professor Dr. Che-Ho Wei shaking hands with CERN Director-General, L. Maiani.

  2. The Family of Sima Chuzhi in Northern Wei and Zhou Dynasties%北魏初至北周中的司马楚之家族兴替



    北魏初期,司马楚之凭借个人才能及其与鲜卑贵族、皇室的姻亲关系,父子得以世袭王爵,担任云中镇大将、朔州刺史的要职。孝文帝时期,司马楚之家族世袭要职的特权被取消,爵位亦例降为公。司马悦为重振家族,改变了以往的姻亲关系,开始与汉族大族联姻,以抬高家族的地位。北魏末,司马裔归顺西魏(北周)政权,依靠乡里、宗族的势力,屡立功勋,从而受到统治者的宠信,然关东豪族的身份使司马裔最终未能进入西魏(北周)的政权核心或政治中心地区任职。%In the early Northern Wei Dynasty, Sima chuzhi obtained three generations hereditary positions and prince titles by virtue of personal competency and affinity of Xianbei nobles and the Royal. In the period of Emperor Xiaowen, the hereditary post of privilege was cancelled, and the title down to duke. To revitalize the family, Simayue changed the past affinity and started with Han nationality’s marriage in order to boost family status .At the end of the Northern Wei Dynasty, Simayi surrendered to the west (the northern Zhou) regime and was trusted by the rulers relying on the village and clan forces and effectiveness. As local tyrant of Guandong, Sima Yi didn’t hold a post at the West Wei Dynasty’s (the West Zhou Dynasty’s) the core of the regime or in political center areas.

  3. Cardioprotection against ischemia/reperfusion injury by QiShenYiQi Pill® via ameliorate of multiple mitochondrial dysfunctions

    Chen JR


    Full Text Available Jing Rui Chen,1–3 Jing Wei,1–3 Ling Yan Wang,1–3 Yan Zhu,1–3 Lan Li,1–3 Mary Akinyi Olunga,1–3 Xiu Mei Gao,1–3 Guan Wei Fan1–31Tianjin State Key Laboratory of Modern Chinese Medicine, Tianjin, People’s Republic of China; 2Key Laboratory of Pharmacology of Traditional Chinese Medicine Formulae, Ministry of Education, 3Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Tianjin, People’s Republic of ChinaAim: To investigate the potential cardioprotective effects of QiShenYiQi Pill® (QSYQ on myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R injury through antioxidative stress and mitochondrial protection.Methods and results: Sprague Dawley rats were pretreated with QSYQ or saline for 7 days and subjected to ischemia (30 minutes occlusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery and reperfusion (120 minutes. Cardiac functions were evaluated by echocardiogram and hemodynamics. Myocardial mitochondria were obtained to evaluate changes in mitochondrial structure and function, immediately after 120 minutes reperfusion. Pretreatment with QSYQ protected against I/R-induced myocardial structural injury and improved cardiac hemodynamics, as demonstrated by normalized serum creatine kinase and suppressed oxidative stress. Moreover, the impaired myocardial mitochondrial structure and function decreased level of ATP (accompanied by reduction of ATP5D and increase in the expression of cytochrome C. Myocardial fiber rupture, interstitial edema, and infiltrated leukocytes were all significantly ameliorated by pretreatment with QSYQ.Conclusion: Pretreatment of QSYQ in Sprague Dawley rats improves ventricular function and energy metabolism and reduces oxidative stress via ameliorating multiple mitochondrial dysfunctions during I/R injury.Keywords: QSYQ, ischemia/reperfusion injury, energy metabolism, mitochondria

  4. The debate on the yan-yi relation in Chinese philosophy: reconstruction and comments

    Chen Bo


    The debate on the yan-yi relation was carried out by Chinese philosophers collectively,and the principles and methods in the debate still belong to a living tradition of Chinese philosophy.From Yijing(Book of Changes),Lunyu(Analects),Laozi and Zhuangzi to Wang Bi,"yi"which cannot be expressed fully by yan(language),is not only"idea"or"meaning"in the human mind,but is also some kind of ontological existence,which is beyond yan and emblematic symbols,and unspeakable.Thus,the debate on the yan-yi relation refers firstly to metaphysics,secondly to moral philosophy,and then to epistemology and philosophy of language.Guided by this view,this paper recalls the source of the debate on the yan-yi relation to Yijing and Lunyu,distinguishes four meanings of"yi"in Chinese philosophy,and reconstructs three arguments.These arguments are the"yan cannot express yi fully"argument,"forget yan once you get yi"argument,and"yan Can express yi fully"argument.Finally,this paper exposes and comments on those principles,methods and the general tendency shown in the debate from the following five aspects:starting point,value-preference,methodology,texts(papers and books),and influences.

  5. Complete Genome Sequence of the Fenitrothion-Degrading Burkholderia sp. Strain YI23

    Lim, Jong Sung; Choi, Beom Soon; Choi, Ah Young; Kim, Kyung Duk; Kim, Dong In; Choi, Ik Young; Ka, Jong-Ok


    Burkholderia species are ubiquitous in soil environments. Many Burkholderia species isolated from various environments have the potential to biodegrade man-made chemicals. Burkholderia sp. strain YI23 was isolated from a golf course soil and identified as a fenitrothion-degrading bacterium. In this study, we report the complete genome sequence of Burkholderia sp. strain YI23.

  6. An Analysis on Rural Tourism Development Model in Yi County of Huangshan City

    Xiangye; SONG; Hongna; LI


    The Yi County’s rural tourism model has changed a lot,gradually transferring from the single model to the composite model,which integrates sightseeing,touring,entertainment,leisure,vocation,and shopping. This article mainly focuses on the rural tourism development model. Yi County is a typical case for others,which gives a new development model.

  7. Chemical characterization of Magnolia biondii (Flos Magnoliae, Xin Yi).

    Schühly, Wolfgang; Skarbina, Jeannette; Kunert, Olaf; Nandi, Owi I; Bauer, Rudolf


    Samples of Magnolia biondii buds (Xin Yi, Flos Magnoliae) from different sources were subjected to phytochemical analysis and compared to samples of M. denudata and M. liliiflora. Among the compounds found in the flower buds of M. biondii were eight tetrahydrofurofuran lignans as well as the sesquiterpene lactone parthenolide and the sesquiterpene alcohol oplodiol. A rapid TLC-method for the identification of plant material from M. biondii and its distinction from M. liliiflora was developed. Structure elucidation was carried out by means of NMR (1- and 2-D) and LC-MS.

  8. The Impact and Role of the Yi Civil Corps on Ethnic Work in Liangshan

    MA Linying


    The formation and growth of Yi Civil Corps of the CPLA ( Chinese People ’ s Lib-eration Army ) Chengdu military region began and developed with the establishment of the Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture .From the beginning to the end of its 34 year mission of military develop-ment the Yi Civil Corps made an irreplaceable con-tribution to the liberation of the people and the e-conomic development in Liangshan .However , due to various reasons , this unique historical episode which linked the military and civil people only re-mains in folk memory and was recorded only in some unpublished internal materials .So, the ma-jority of the public does not know about it .Based upon references taken from publications by Liang Wenying , Mao Junru , Li Shian and the Chinese Academy of Sciences , this article , for the first time, discusses the special military history of the CPLA by taking Yi Civil Corps as an example . After the CPLA liberated Liangshan in March , 1950 , in order to maintain local social or-der, speed up production and construction , and cultivate ethnic cadres , Liao Zhigao , the Party secretary of Sichuan province of the time , together with the Party Committee in Tibetan and Yi re-gions, established the Yi and Tibetan Civil Corps of the CPLA in November 1952.They did this by taking into account the reality and characteristics of ethnic works in the Tibetan and Yi regions , and af-ter reporting to the central military commission for approval .The establishment of Yi Civil Corps adds a new historical page for the glorious history of the Yi people .Just like the establishment of all levels of governments of the Yi people , it marks a new beginning in the lives of the Yi people .It declared a revival for the Yi people who had experienced great vicissitudes , the separation of their family clans, constant internal warfare , and who were generally in a poor and backward situation .The establishment of the Yi Civil Corps not only em-bodied the Chinese Communist

  9. Kang Wei Granules in Treatment of Gastropathy Related to Helicobacter Pylory Infection

    陈飞松; 危北海; 姚伟; 罗晓梅


    @@ Kang Wei Granules,a granular preparation for strengthening the spleen and replenishing Qi and for clearing away heat and resolving dampness,was used in the treatment of 288 cases of gastropathy related to Helicobacter pylori infection.

  10. 彝文字记忆探究%Exploring into the Memorization of Yi Characters



    There are totally 819 symbols of the Yi characters that are difficult to be remembered perfectly.This thesis mainly talks about the methods of memorizing Yi characters from the body-link and sound-link of Yi characters,doggerels,riddles,and games.%彝文总字符共有819字,彝文总字符虽少,却不容易记忆。本文从彝文字形体关联、语音联系,顺口溜、迷语及游戏等方面来探究彝文字记忆。

  11. Ethnobotanical studies on medicinal plants used by the red-headed yao people in Jinping, Yunnan Province, China.

    Long, Chun-lin; Li, Rong


    Sixty-six medicinal plant species traditionally collected and used by the Red-headed Yao people in Jinping county, Yunnan Province, SW China, were investigated and studied through the approaches of ethnobotany, anthropology and participatory rural appraisal (PRA). Among these plants, 27 species were recorded to have medicinal values for the first time recorded in literature, 23 species were found to have different medicinal functions from those recorded in the literature. Many medicinal herbs are simultaneously wild food plants. The local Yao people take medicinal baths on some special days very common to treat and prevent diseases. The Red-headed Yao medicinal herb doctors have conserved medicinal plants and their habitats over the years. Most of the folk healers are old women, who are concerned about passing on their secrets to the younger generation. They fear that the younger generations have not learned enough about the herbal traditions to keep the practice going. The authors suggest that plants used by the Red-headed Yao people need to be further studied phytochemically and pharmacologically.

  12. Analysis of temporal and spatial trends of hydro-climatic variables in the Wei River Basin.

    Zhao, Jing; Huang, Qiang; Chang, Jianxia; Liu, Dengfeng; Huang, Shengzhi; Shi, Xiaoyu


    The Wei River is the largest tributary of the Yellow River in China. The relationship between runoff and precipitation in the Wei River Basin has been changed due to the changing climate and increasingly intensified human activities. In this paper, we determine abrupt changes in hydro-climatic variables and identify the main driving factors for the changes in the Wei River Basin. The nature of the changes is analysed based on data collected at twenty-one weather stations and five hydrological stations in the period of 1960-2010. The sequential Mann-Kendall test analysis is used to capture temporal trends and abrupt changes in the five sub-catchments of the Wei River Basin. A non-parametric trend test at the basin scale for annual data shows a decreasing trend of precipitation and runoff over the past fifty-one years. The temperature exhibits an increase trend in the entire period. The potential evaporation was calculated based on the Penman-Monteith equation, presenting an increasing trend of evaporation since 1990. The stations with a significant decreasing trend in annual runoff mainly are located in the west of the Wei River primarily interfered by human activities. Regression analysis indicates that human activity was possibly the main cause of the decline of runoff after 1970.

  13. Zhang Jing-yao and Yuxiang Bank%张敬尧与裕湘银行



      1918年3月,湖南银行倒闭,湖南币政几至不可收拾之地,也更使湖南金融困窘,财政枯竭。4月张敬尧督湘后,锐意整顿金融以巩固其在湘统治,创建了裕湘银行。该行开办以后,代办省库,经营存、放款、汇兑业务,发行纸币等,张敬尧极力维持。但由于中央支持力度薄弱;湖南政局动荡、财政困难;张敬尧个人能力不足,随着张敬尧在湖南政权的结束,裕湘银行也随之被取代。%  With Hunan Bank being bankrupt in March 1918 ,Hunan government affairs on currency got into dilemma ,which made it fiscal deficit .After governed by Zhang Jing - yao in April , a series of implements had been carried out in order to reorganize the government finance and consolidate his ruling in Hunan . And Yuxiang Bank was established . Zhang maintained it energetically in managing the exchequer of Hunan ,operating deposit and loan business ,exchanging the old ticket coin and issuing paper currency .But because of some reasons ,including the central government , Hunan provincial government and Zhang Jing - yao ,Yuxiang Bank was replaced after Zhang governed Hunan no longer .

  14. Polymorphism of rs1044925 in the acyl-CoA:cholesterol acyltransferase-1 gene and serum lipid levels in the Guangxi Bai Ku Yao and Han populations

    Yan Ting-Ting


    Full Text Available Abstract Background The association of rs1044925 polymorphism in the acyl-CoA:cholesterol acyltransferase-1 (ACAT-1 gene and serum lipid profiles is not well known in different ethnic groups. Bai Ku Yao is a special subgroup of the Yao minority in China. The present study was carried out to clarify the association of rs1044925 polymorphism in the ACAT-1 gene and several environmental factors with serum lipid levels in the Guangxi Bai Ku Yao and Han populations. Methods A total of 626 subjects of Bai Ku Yao and 624 participants of Han Chinese were randomly selected from our previous stratified randomized cluster samples. Genotyping of rs1044925 polymorphism in the ACAT-1 gene was performed by polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism combined with gel electrophoresis, and then confirmed by direct sequencing. Results The levels of serum total cholesterol (TC, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C, apolipoprotein (Apo AI and ApoB were lower in Bai Ku Yao than in Han (P P P P P P Conclusions These results suggest that the polymorphism of rs1044925 in the ACAT-1 gene is mainly associated with female serum TC, LDL-C and ApoB levels in the Bai Ku Yao population. The C allele carriers had lower serum TC, LDL-C and ApoB levels than the C allele noncarriers.

  15. Relativistic Treatment of Spinless Particles Subject to a Tietz-Wei Oscillator

    孙国华; 董世海


    The bound state solutions of the relativistic Klein-Gordon equation with the Tietz-Wei diatomic molecular potential are presented for the s wave. It is shown that the solutions can be expressed by the generalized hypergeometric functions. The normalized wavefunctions are also derived.

  16. “Xiao yao Traveling”of Zhuangzhi%庄子“逍遥游”



    通过解析《庄子》中“吾丧我”、“有待”、“无待”几个词组的内涵,说明庄子以讲述故事的方式所表达的哲学核心——逍遥游。庄子哲学是关于一个人的、心灵自由的哲学。人应去除成心,无所依持,回归本然,以道观之,从而达到精神心灵之自由。%Through explaining the inner meaning of《Zhuangzhi’s“I lost myself”,“to have some condition”,“without any condition”,which shows that the philosophy core by the ways of Zhuangzhi’s telling stories——“Xiao yao you”.Zhuangzhi’s philosophy is individual mind-free one.A human being should get rid off prejudice,without any relying,to return to the nature, to look at everything with natural ideas, because everything has no noble and humble. Therefore,we can get our souls and mind free.

  17. Accurate Location of the Yao'an Earthquake Sequence and the Yongsheng Earthquake Sequence

    Wang Xinling; Liu Jie; Zhang Guomin; Zhao Cuiping


    The Yao'an Ms6.5 earthquake occurred on Jan. 15, 2000 and the Yongsheng Ms6.0 earthquake occurred on Oct. 27, 2001 in Yunnan Province, China. They are both located in the middle of the Dian block. Their epicenters are close to each other, the tectonic and strain characters of the earthquakes were similar, and there were many aftershocks after the two main shocks. In order to further study the spatial-temporal distributions and fault rupture characters of the main shocks and aftershocks, the latter are located using the Geiger earthquake location algorithm (Geiger) and the double difference earthquake location algorithm (DD) based on the seismic phase data of the two earthquake sequences. They were recorded by two Near Source Digital Seismic Networks (YNSSN and YSNSSN) deployed by the Yunnan Seismological Bureau (YNSB). Then, two main shock parameters were relocated using DD based on the data of larger magnitude aftershocks and the two main shocks that were recorded by the Kunming Regional Digital Seismic Network (KMSN). Combining the spatialtemporal distributions of the two earthquake sequences, the tectonic and strain characters of earthquakes, the rupture processes of the two aftershock sequences along faults are analyzed and discussed contrastively.

  18. On "Wen-Yi" of Jin Dynasty,Song Dynasty and "Metaphysics Tail" of Xie Lingyun Landscape Poems%晋宋“文义”与谢诗“玄学尾巴”成因

    姜剑云; 霍贵高


    从曹魏后期到晋宋之际,玄学经历了三个形态的变化。一是曹魏后期的"政治的玄学",二是西晋前期的"哲学的玄学",三是晋宋之际的"艺术的玄学"。以正始为代表的曹魏后期文学创作"有玄无文",以太康为代表的西晋前期文学创作"有文无玄",以陶、谢为代表的晋宋之际文学创作"有文有玄"。谢灵运就生活在"艺术的玄学"的时代,他不仅重"文","情必极貌以写物,辞必穷力而追新",而且重"义",体现在诗歌创作中,就是其山水诗的"玄学尾巴"。%From the period of late Cao-wei to the period of Jin dynasty and Song dynasty,metaphysics have undergone three changes in their patterns.The first is "political metaphysics" in late Cao-wei period,the second is "philosophy metaphysics" in former western Jin dynasty,the third is"art metaphysics" in the period of Jin dynasty and Song dynasty.In the period of late Cao-wei,literature has metaphysic but no grace.In former western Jin dynasty,literature has grace but no metaphysic.In the period of Jin dynasty and Song dynasty,literature has grace and metaphysic.Xie Lingyun just lived in such a "arts metaphysics" era which appreciating "Wen-Yi" became a fashion tide.Therefore,he not only thought a lot of literature,but also paid more attention to metaphysics.In poems,it shows the controversial "metaphysics tail".




    姚培毅、于菁珊(1986)为广西扶绥下白垩统的褶珠蚌类标本建立了一个新亚属Plicatounio(Guangxiconcha)Yao and Yu,以Plicatounio(Guangxiconcha)fortis Yao and Yu,1986(230页,图版1,图4;图版2,图3,6)作为模式种。

  20. 论王维山水诗的审美特点%The aesthetic characteristics of Wang Wei's landscape poems

    王伟; 和磊


    Wang Wei, Mo Jie , the population lay people, is known as"Wang You Cheng", he 's the famous Tang Dynasty poet, painter. This paper will quote the concrete poetry text of Wang Wei's landscape poems, and borrow the concepts for aesthetic category to the analysis and the elaboration of Wang Wei's landscape poems poetry aesthetic characteristics. The main purpose is to absorb and expand the using of Ultra utilitarian aesthetic mentality in Wang Wei's landscape poetry.%以王维山水诗的具体诗作为文本,借于审美范畴,阐述、分析王维山水诗篇创作的审美特点,挖掘展现王维山水诗创作上的超功利审美心态。

  1. Spectroscopic Classification of SN 2017yi as a Type Ia Supernova

    Rui, Liming; Wang, Xiaofeng; Xiang, Danfeng; Li, Wenxiong; Jia, Junjun; He, Min; Zhang, Tianmeng; Wu, Zhenyu; Zhang, Jujia


    We obtained an optical spectrum (range 370-850 nm) of SN 2017yi, discovered by J. Vales,on UT Feb.01.5 2017 with the 2.16-m telescope (+BFOSC) at Xinglong Station of National Astronomical Observatories of China (NAOC).

  2. An Ancient Solar Eclipse Record "Tian-da-yi" in the 10th Century BC


    The ancient record "Tian-da-yi" (the sky darkened greatly) is identified with the solar eclipse on May 31, 976BC. This identification is demonstrated in this paper through a palaeographic, astronomical and chronological analysis. It is probably the earliest solar eclipse in Chinese history that can be so identified.

  3. XU Yi-hou's Experience in Herbal Administration for the Differential Treatment of Skin Diseases

    LI Bo; SHI Yue-jun; SONG Shun-peng; ZHAN Cheng; WANG Xin-zhong


    @@ Prof.XU Yi-hou, director of the Department of Dermatology of Wuhan Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, is a famous expert in dermatology of combined Chinese and western medicine, and awarded special governmental subsidy granted by the State Council.

  4. Status and decoration features of Yao nationality costumes in north of Guangdong province%粤北瑶族服饰现状及装饰特点



    Yao nationality costumes in north of Guangdong province is one of the important culture heritages of Guangdong province. Taking Pai Yao and Guoshan Yao in north of Guangdong province as examples, this paper gave a brief summary of the status of Yao costumes, analyzed the details of daily dresses and splendid attire and summed up three main forms and two decoration types of Yao minority nationality costumes in north Guangdong province, expecting obtain protection and excavation.%粤北瑶族服饰是广东省非常重要的文化遗产之一,以粤北排瑶和过山瑶为例,简述了瑶族服饰的现状,并从服饰细节和装饰特点入手,分析了平装和盛装服饰的细节特点,归纳出粤北瑶族服饰装饰的3种主要形式和2种装饰内容,以期得到保护和挖掘.

  5. Association of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase C677T polymorphism and serum lipid levels in the Guangxi Bai Ku Yao and Han populations

    Cao Xiao-Li


    Full Text Available Abstract Background The association of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR gene polymorphism and serum lipid profiles is still controversial in diverse ethnics. Bai Ku Yao is an isolated subgroup of the Yao minority in China. The aim of the present study was to eveluate the association of MTHFR C677T polymorphism and several environmental factors with serum lipid levels in the Guangxi Bai Ku Yao and Han populations. Methods A total of 780 subjects of Bai Ku Yao and 686 participants of Han Chinese were randomly selected from our previous stratified randomized cluster samples. Genotyping of the MTHFR C677T was performed by polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism combined with gel electrophoresis, and then confirmed by direct sequencing. Results The levels of serum total cholesterol (TC, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C, apolipoprotein (Apo AI and ApoB were lower in Bai Ku Yao than in Han (P P P P P P P Conclusions The differences in serum TC, TG, LDL-C and ApoB levels between the two ethnic groups might partly result from different genotypic and allelic frequencies of the MTHFR C677T or different MTHFR gene-enviromental interactions.

  6. “儿科宗师”钱乙的组方规律与用药特色探析%Analyze the Prescriptions Organization Principle and Medicine Usage Characteristics of Qian Yi, the Great Master of Pediatrics

    刘敏; 闫军堂; 刘晓倩; 王庆国; 潘利叶


    Objective]To analyze the prescriptions organization principle and medicine usage characteristics of Qian Yi, the great master of pediatrics. [Method]Through reading the book, Xiao'er Yao Zheng Zhi Jue, we analyze Qian Yi's medical records and prescriptions and summarize his medicine usage characteristics. [Result]We summarize the prescriptions organization principle and medicine usage characteristics as seven respects. They are changing old prescriptions, creating new prescriptions, medicate gently, never reinforcing the sluggish and violent, noticing the ascending and descending qi activity, medicating accurately and drug forms changeable, and so on.[Conclusion]Qian Yi medicated accurately and gently, noticed the children physiological and pathological Characteristics and the cold or heat, asthenia or sthenia degree of five zang-organs. Under the principle of trying one's best to remove the pathogenic factors, he emphasized that elimination did not harm healthy qi as wel as reinforcement did not stagnate pathogenic factors, and medicated either reinforcing and eliminating in combination or cold and warm simultaneously. Qian Yi strived to medicate gently, to reverse the doctors' abusing aromatic and violent medicine in that era. That has a great influence on the medicine usage of pediatricians in later era.%[目的]探讨“儿科宗师”钱乙的组方规律与用药特色。[方法]通过研读《小儿药证直诀》,对钱乙的临床验案及方剂药物进行分析与归纳,总结其组方用药的学术特色。[结果]钱乙的组方规律与用药特色为以下七个方面,即:化裁古方,创制新方,用药务求柔润,力戒呆补峻补,注意升降气机,用药精专以及剂型多变等。[结论]钱乙制方遣药,精炼轻灵,处处注意到小儿生理病理特点及五脏的虚实寒热,在祛邪务尽的原则下,力求攻不伤正,补不滞邪,或消补兼施,或寒温并投,并从柔润方面下功夫,以

  7. Medicinal plants used by the Yi ethnic group: a case study in central Yunnan

    Li Sumei


    Full Text Available Abstract Background This paper is based on ethnomedicinal investigation conducted from 1999–2002 in Chuxiong, central Yunnan Province, Southwest China. The Yi medicine has made a great contribution to the ethnomedicinal field in China. Neither case studies nor integrated inventories have previously been conducted to investigate the traditional Yi plants. This paper aims to argue the status and features of medicinal plants used in traditional Yi societies through a case study. Methods The approaches of ethnobotany, anthropology, and participatory rural appraisal were used in the field surveys. Twenty-two informants in four counties were interviewed during eight field trips. Medicinal plant specimens were identified according to taxonomic methods. Results One hundred sixteen medicinal plant species were found to be useful by the local people in the treatment of various diseases or disorders, especially those relating to trauma, gastrointestinal disorders and the common cold. Among these 116 species, 25 species (21.55% were found to have new curative effects and 40 species (34.48% were recorded for their new preparation methods; 55 different species were used in treating wounds and fractures, and 47 were used to treat gastrointestinal disorders. Traditional Yi herbal medicines are characterized by their numerous quantities of herbaceous plants and their common preparation with alcohol. Conclusion Totally 116 species in 58 families of medicinal plants traditionally used by the Yi people were inventoried and documented. The characteristics of medicinal plants were analyzed. Some new findings (such as new curative effects and new preparation methods were recorded These newly gathered ethnobotanical and medicinal data are precious sources for the future development of new drugs, and for further phytochemical, pharmacological and clinical studies.

  8. To Enrich Chinese Culture and to Enhance National Spirit——From an Interview with Yao Meiliang


    LOVING one‘s hometownand cherishing the emo- tions it kindles are part ofthe psychology of Chinese peo- pie.Patriotic overseas Chineseare always thinking about theirhometowns and their ancestracountry.Overseas ancestors,represented by Chen Jiageng,made great contributions towardschanging the backwardness of their motherland.At presentnew-generation overseas Chineseare following their ancestors anddevoting themselves to the re-surgence of the Chinese nation.Yao Meiliang,chairman of theboard of the Hongkong NanYuan Yin Fang CorporationGroup,is an outstanding representative among them.

  9. 瑶族帽饰文化内涵解析%Analysis of cultural connotation of Yao people's headwear



    With analyzing from the style,material,wrapping,pattern,color and cultural implication of Yao people's headwear,their unique customs and their yearning for a better life were delivered.%从瑶族帽饰的形式、材质、包缠方式、图案色彩以及文化寓意等角度对瑶族各支系帽饰进行分析比较,反映了瑶族人民独特的民俗风情及对美好生活的向往等文化内涵。

  10. 瑶族节庆民俗与治未病%Folk Festivals of Yao Nationality and Preventive Treatment of Disease

    郭玉荣; 徐宏; 李拥军


    从心理因素、民族和谐团结、体育运动、饮食几方面论述瑶族节庆民俗与治未病的关系,以深入研究瑶医学的文化内涵,提高瑶医药临床应用水平,促进人类的健康。%The connection between folk festivals of Yao nationality and preventive treatment of disease is stat-ed from psychological factors, ethnic harmony and solidarity, sports and diet, in order to further study cultural con-notation of Yao medicine, raise the level of clinical application of Yao medicine and life quality of human.

  11. Effect of WeiJia on carbon tetrachloride induced chronic liver injury

    Pik-Yuen Cheung; Jay Chun; Hsiang-Fu Kung; Meng-su Yang; Qi Zhang; Ya-Ou Zhang; Gan-Rong Bai; Marie Chia-Mi Lin; Bernard Chan; Chi-Chun Fong; Lin Shi; Yue-Feng Shi


    AIM: To study the effect of WeiJia on chronic liver injury using carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) induced liver injury animal model.METHODS: Wistar rats weighing 180-220g were randomly divided into three groups: normal control group (Group A), CCl4 induced liver injury control group (Group B) and CCl4 induction with WeiJia treatment group (Group C). Each group consisted of 14 rats. Liver damage and fibrosis was induced by subcutaneous injection with 40% CCl4 in olive oil at 3 mL/kg body weight twice a week for eight weeks for Groups B and C rats whereas olive oil was used for Group A rats. Starting from the third week,Group C rats also received daily intraperitoneal injection of WeiJia at a dose of 1.25 μg/kg body weight. Animals were sacrificed at the fifth week (4 male, 3 female), and eighth week (4 male, 3 female) respectively. Degree of fibrosis were measured and serological markers for liver fibrosis and function including hyaluronic acid (HA), type Ⅳ collagen (CIV), γ-glutamyl transferase (γ-GT), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) were determined. Alpha smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) immunohistochemistry were also performed.RESULTS: CCl4 induction led to the damage of liver and development of fibrosis in Group B and Group C rats when compared to Group A rats. The treatment of WeiJia in Group C rats could reduce the fibrosis condition significantly compared to Group B rats. The effect could be observed after three weeks of treatment and was more obvious after eight weeks of treatment. Serum HA, CIV,ALT, AST and Y-GT levels after eight weeks of treatment for Group C rats were 58±22 μg/L (P0.05) respectively, similar to normal control group (Group A), but significantly different from CCl4 induced liver injury control group (Group B). An increase in PCNA and decrease in a-SMA expression level was also observed.CONCLUSION: WeiJia could improve liver function and reduce liver fibrosis

  12. Processes affecting the spatial distribution of seagrass meadow sedimentary material on Yao Yai Island, Thailand

    Quak, Michelle S. Y.; Ziegler, Alan D.; Benner, Shawn G.; Evans, Sam; Todd, Peter A.; Gillis, Lucy G.; Vongtanaboon, Sukanya; Jachowski, Nick; Bouma, Tjeerd J.


    Many islands throughout SE Asia are experiencing rapid development and land-cover conversion that potentially threaten sensitive coastal ecosystems, such as seagrasses, through increased loading of sediment and nutrients originating from disturbed catchments draining to the sea. To evaluate this threat for one such island in Southern Thailand (Yao Yai), we perform sediment source tracing via end-member mixing analysis using stable isotopes δ13C and δ15N in organic matter to explore sediment loading in a seagrass meadow. The analysis indicates that sedimentary material in the meadow originates mostly from ocean-associated sources (∼62% from seagrass detritus, seston, and ocean sediments). Terrestrial material comprises ∼19% of the organic material found in the seagrass meadow, with another 20% originating from an adjacent mangrove forest. Approximately one-fourth of the seagrass meadow material (24%) is detritus that has been (re)deposited internally. The high contribution of terrestrial-derived organic matter deposited near the river mouth demonstrates that substantial quantities of sediment are being transferred from upslope erosion sources into the seagrass meadow. However, only a small amount of this material is deposited throughout the entire bay because much of the terrestrial- and mangrove-derived sediment is transferred to the open ocean via channels that are periodically dredged to allow boat access to two small inland harbours. This positive affect of dredging has not received very much attention in existing literature. River water flowing to the channels during falling tide delivers sediment to these efficient pathways, where much of it bypasses the seagrass meadow at periods of time when sediment deposition would normally be the greatest. There is growing concern that ongoing land-cover changes and planned urbanization related to tourism and agriculture on the island may boost sediment/nutrients above a critical threshold, beyond that revealed in

  13. Study on shear wave splitting in the aftershock region of the Yao'an earthquake in 2000

    WANG Xin-ling; LIU Jie; ZHANG Guo-min; MA Hong-sheng; WANG Hui


    After Ms=6.5 Yao'an earthquake on January 15, 2000, a large amount of aftershock waveforms were recorded by the Near Source Digital Seismic Network (NSSN) installed by Earthquake Administration of Yunnan Province in the aftershock region. It provides profuse data to systematically analyze the features of Yao'an earthquake. The crustal anisotropy is realized by shear wave splitting propagating in the upper crust. Based on the accurate aftershock relocations, the shear wave splitting parameters are determined with the cross-correlation method, and the results of different stations and regions are discussed in this paper. These conclusions are obtained as follows:firstly, the average fast directions of aftershock region are controlled by the regional stress field and parallel to the maximum horizontal compressive stress direction; secondly, the average fast directions of disparate stations and regions are different and vary with the structural settings and regional stress fields; finally, delay time value is affected by all sorts of factors, which is affinitive with the shear wave propagating medium, especially.

  14. 苗瑶语的动结式%Resultative V-R Constructions in Miao-Yao Languages



    The development of the resultative V-R constructions in Miao-Yao languages is imbalanced and incomplete.But with the influence of the V-R compounds in Chinese,the structure of "verbal element+resultative" appears in lexical level.The resultative V-R constructions in Miao-Yao languages is the outcome of both the syntactic and lexical development under the influence of Chinese.%苗瑶语动结式结构句法层面的发展既不平衡,也不充分,但受汉语动结式复合词影响,词汇层面已出现"动词性成分+结果补语"的结构。苗瑶语动结式结构是在汉语的影响下,句法层面和词汇层面同时发展的产物。

  15. Genetic polymorphism investigation of the Chinese Yi minority using PowerPlex® Y23 STR amplification system.

    He, GuangLin; Chen, PengYu; Zou, Xing; Chen, Xu; Song, Feng; Yan, Jing; Hou, YiPing


    Twenty-three Y-STR loci (DYS576, DYS389I, DYS389 II, DYS448, DYS19, DYS391, DYS481, DYS549, DYS533, DYS438, DYS437, DYS570, DYS635, DYS390, DYS439, DYS392, DYS393, DYS458 DYS456, DYS643, Y-GATA-H4, and DYS385a/b) included in the next-generation PowerPlex® Y23 System were first investigated in 311 unrelated, healthy male individuals from the Yi minority population residing in the Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan, China. A total of 179 alleles and 297 haplotypes were discovered in the Yi group. In total, 285 haplotypes among them were unique, and the remaining 12 haplotypes were observed in two or three individuals. Haplotype discrimination capacity and haplotype diversity were 0.9550 and 0.9989, respectively. Genetic diversity ranged from 0.4550 (DYS437) to 0.9556 (DYS385a/b). Population comparisons between the Yi minority group and 10 Asian meta-populations comprising 58 individual populations were performed. Both multidimensional scaling plots and phylogenetic analyses demonstrated that the genetic structure of the Chinese Yi ethnicity was extremely different compared to Taiwan indigenous inhabitants among 10 Asian meta-populations. Additionally, the genetic structure resemblance of the Yi group was obtained from a geographically close population (Xuanwei Han) or similar language family groups (Thai populations). Besides, our study has demonstrated that the PowerPlex® Y23 System has high polymorphism in a Chinese Yi ethnic population and high discriminatory power for forensic purposes. Population data of the 23 Y-STR obtained from a Yi ethnic population has enriched the Chinese ethnic genetic information.

  16. Asbestos related diseases from environmental exposure to crocidolite in Da-yao, China. I. Review of exposure and epidemiological data

    Luo, S; Liu, X; Mu, S; Tsai, S; Wen, C; Wong, O.


    Background: Scattered patches of crocidolite, one form of asbestos, were found in the surface soil in the rural county of Da-yao in southwestern China. In 1983, researchers from the West China University of Medical Sciences (WCUMS) discovered that residents of two villages in Da-yao had hyperendemic pleural plaques and excessive numbers of pleural mesotheliomas. Aims: To review and summarise epidemiological studies, along with other relevant data, and to discuss the potential contribution to environmental risk assessment. Methods: This report is based on a review of several clinical/epidemiological studies conducted by WCUMS researchers since 1984, which included one cross sectional medical examination survey, one clinical/pathological analysis of 46 cases of mesothelioma, and three retrospective cohort mortality studies. Additional information acquired from reviewing original data first hand during a personal visit along with an interview of medical specialists from Da-yao County Hospital was also incorporated. Results: The prevalence of pleural plaque was 20% among peasants in Da-yao over 40 years of age in the cross sectional survey. The average number of mesothelioma cases was 6.6 per year in the 1984–95 period and 22 per year in the 1996–99 period, in a population of 68 000. For those mesothelioma cases that were histology confirmed, there were 3.8 cases/year in the first period and 9 cases/year in the second. Of the 2175 peasants in this survey, 16 had asbestosis. Lung cancer deaths were significantly increased in all three cohort studies. The annual mortality rate for mesothelioma was 85 per million, 178 per million, and 365 per million for the three cohort studies, respectively. The higher exposed peasants had a fivefold increased mesothelioma mortality compared to their lower exposed counterparts. There were no cases of mesothelioma in the comparison groups where no crocidolite was known to exist in the environment. In the third cohort study, almost

  17. [An introduction on the editions of Zhang Gao's Yi shuo (Medical Narrations)].

    Wang, Xuguang; Lu, Xiang


    Zhang Gao's Yi shuo (Medical Narrations) of the Southern Song Dynasty had 2 kinds of editions: domestic editions and foreign editions. The former includes 1 Song edition, 14 Ming editions, 3 Qing editions and 25 editions after the Republic of China. The latter, mainly 2 classes, the Japanese edition and Korean printing type edition. In the Ming Dynasty, the editions of Yi shuo generated 2 branches: inherited edition and supplementary edition. The inherited editions include Gu Dingfang's edition, Zhang Yaode's edition, Wu Mianxue's edition, Wu Zhongheng's edition, Wang Kentang's edition, editions from Si ku quan shu (Imperial Collection of Four), stereotype edition of the 3th year of Xuantong reign (1911) from Shanghai Civilization Bookstore, edition of the 2(nd) year of Manji of Japan etc. The supplemental editions include Zhang Zili's edition, Shen Fan's edition, Fu Feng'ao's edition, transcript of the late Ming Dynasty preserved in the Library of Peking University, and Korean printing type edition etc.

  18. Application of Bu Zhong Yi Qi Tang According to TCM Differentiation of Syndromes



    @@ Bu Zhong Yi Qi Tang (补中益气汤Decoction for Reinforcing the Middle-jiao and Replenishing Qi) is an effective formulated recipe commonly used for treating a variety of diseases with the manifestations of kidney-qi deficiency. In my opinion, however, it is also very effective for the conditions of which the symptoms of kidney-qi deficiency is not noticeable, but its mechanism lies in dysfunction of the spleen. The following are some examples.

  19. The stability analysis of expansive slope in Jing-Yi Expressway

    ZUO Chang-qun; CHEN Jian-ping


    This paper firstly introduces the distribution of weathered layers, and then presents the relationship between water content and expansive force and the working model of expansive forces in expansive soil slopes. Taking the expansive soil slope of Jing-Yi Expressway as example and applying the Slices Method, this paper puts forward the stability calculation method considering the effect of expansive forces, and also proposes the treatments.

  20. Prevalence of overweight and obesity among Chinese Yi nationality: a cross-sectional study

    Gao Yun


    Full Text Available Abstract Background Overweight and obesity are considered a serious health problem. There are little data on the prevalence of overweight and obesity among the Yi ethnic group in China. This study aimed to investigate the epidemiologic features of overweight/obesity among Chinese Yi nationality. Methods A cross-sectional study, including 1255 subjects aged 20-75 years, was carried out in Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture of Sichuan province from 2007 to 2008. Overweight/overall obesity was defined by World Health Organization (WHO or the Working Group on Obesity in China. Results Overall, the prevalence of overweight and obesity was 19.0% and 2.9%, respectively, based on the WHO definition, while it was 21.0% and 7.4%, respectively, according to the Working Group on Obesity in China, which is similar to data reported in the 2002 Chinese National Nutrition and Health Survey. Urban residents had a significantly higher prevalence of obesity (WHO criteria: 4.3% vs 1.7% p = 0.008; China criteria: 11.4% vs 3.7%, p p p Conclusions The prevalence of overweight/obesity in the Yi nationality is similar to that in Chinese adults 5 years ago. However, urban residents have a much higher prevalence of overweight/obesity than their rural counterparts. Lifestyle and diet patterns associated with socioeconomic status may explain the difference between urban and rural residents. The prevention of overweight/obesity among urban inhabitants deserves more attention in national health education programs.

  1. Nursing Management Under the Background of "San Hao Yi Man Yi" Project%“三好一满意”活动下的护理管理

    王德国; 王立榕


    To effectively promote the" San Hao Yi Man Yi" project,it is necessary to strictly accordance with the deployment and requirements of the ministry of health,to do well in propaganda and mobilization of nursing staff,carry out the education for nursing staff of high quality nursing services,formulate the practical implementation of high quality nursing service work plan and work target,do well in the management of nursing staff,actively explore and implement the performance of the work system,change nursing work mode,deepen the reform of nursing work,improve the level of nursing personnel's medical ethics and strengthen nurses' consciousness of nursing disciplines.%要切实推进“三好一满意”活动卓有成效地开展,须严格按照卫生部的部署与要求,做好对护理人员的优质护理服务的教育工作,制定符合本单位实际的推行优质护理服务的工作计划与工作目标,做好对护理人员的配备与管理工作,积极探索并落实绩效工作制,深化护理工作改革,提高护理人员护理道德境界与水平,增强护理人员的护理法纪意识.

  2. Anxiolytic and neuroprotective effects of the Traditional Chinese Medicinal formulation Dan-zhi-xiao-yao-san in a rat model of chronic stress.

    Cao, Guo-Ping; Gui, Dan; Fu, Lu-Di; Guo, Zhou-Ke; Fu, Wen-Jun


    Dan-zhi-xiao-yao-san is a Traditional Chinese Medicinal formulation widely used for the treatment of neuropsychological disorders. The present study examined the anxiolytic and neuroprotective effects of Dan-zhi-xiao-yao-san in a rat model of chronic stress. The results of an elevated plus maze test showed that Dan‑zhi‑xiao‑yao‑san significantly attenuated the levels of anxiety-induced stress as evidenced by increases in the time spent in the open arm region, as well as the percentage of entries into this area. In addition, Dan-zhi-xiao-yao-san alleviated stress‑induced neuronal death, as indicated by histological examination. Furthermore, mechanistic studies suggested that the anxiolytic and neuroprotective effects of Dan-zhi-xiao-yao-san may be mediated via attenuation of chronic stress‑induced upregulation of α‑synuclein and corticosterone, and downregulation of protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) in the hippocampal region of the brain at the mRNA and protein level. In addition, Dan‑zhi‑xiao‑yao‑san decreased the serum levels of stress‑induced corticosterone in the model animals. In conclusion, the present study demonstrated that Dan‑zhi‑xiao‑yao‑san exerted anxiolytic and neuroprotective effects in a rat model of chronic stress via attenuation of stress‑induced upregulation of α‑synuclein and corticosterone, and downregulation of PP2A in the hippocampus.

  3. Fluvial Processes in the Meandering Reach of the Lower Wei River During the Course of Degradation


    This paper presents an analysis of the changes of the longitudinal and lateral profiles in the meander- ing reach of the Lower Wei River over the period from October 1973 to October 1976 during the course of degradation.Analysis results indicated that retrogressive erosion and subsequent downstream erosion occurred in the reach due to the lowering in the Tongguan elevation and the inflowing water carrying low sediment con- centrations.At the end of the degradation,the main channel widths of the majority ...

  4. "Shui wei"(谁为) and"Wei shui"(为谁) from the Pre-Qin poetry to the Tang Dynasty%先秦到唐代的“谁为”和“为谁”



    先秦时期,几乎所有的“谁为”都属于“谁宾语+为”式,发展到唐代,绝大多数“谁为”都属于“谁主语+为”式。先秦时期,所有的“为谁”都属于“为系词+谁表语”式,发展到唐代,绝大多数“为谁”都属于“为+谁宾语”式。也就是说,从先秦到唐代,“谁宾语+为”式由盛转衰,几乎退出历史舞台,“为+谁宾语”式从无到有,成为常式。这种现象表明,发展到唐代,“为”的疑问代词宾语“谁”,后置化历程基本完成。%In the pre-Qin period, almost all the "shui wei"(谁为)belong to the pattern of "shui(谁,object) +wei(为)".With the development of Chinese , it evolved into the pattern of "shui(谁,subject) +wei(为)"in Tang Dynasty.Likewise, from the pre-Qin period to the Tang Dynasty, most of the"wei shui"(为谁)developed from "wei(为,link word) +shui(谁,predicative)"to the pat-tern "wei(为) +shui(谁,object)".That is to say, with the evolvement of Chinese from the pre-Qin period to the Tang Dynasty, the pattern of "shui(谁,object)+wei(为)"gradually disappeared into history .However, starting from scratch, the pattern"wei (为)+shui(谁object)"has become a common one .These phenomenons reflected the historical trend in which the objects of the interrogative pronouns were placed from the front to the rear , and thus laid a solid foundation for forming the final syntactic pattern-the object post-position of interrogative pronouns .

  5. Polymorphisms in immunoregulatory genes, smoky coal exposure and lung cancer risk in Xuan Wei, China

    Lee, K.M.; Shen, M.; Chapman, R.S.; Yeager, M.; Welch, R.; He, X.Z.; Zheng, T.Z.; Hosgood, H.D.; Yang, D.Y.; Berndt, S.I.; Chanock, S.; Lan, Q. [NCI, Bethesda, MD (United States). Division of Cancer Epidemiology & Genetics


    We conducted a population-based case-control study in Xuan Wei, China, where lung cancer rates are among the highest in China due to exposure to indoor coal combustion products, to evaluate the association between polymorphisms in immunoregulatory genes and lung cancer risk. A total of 122 incident primary lung cancer cases and 122 individually matched controls were enrolled in Xuan Wei, China. Fifty single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 23 immunoregulatory genes involved in inflammation were genotyped and analyzed by logistic regression to assess the risk of lung cancer. A global test of association for 42 SNPs, which excluded eight SNPs that were in very tight linkage disequilibrium with other SNPs, was statistically significant (P = 0.01), suggesting that overall genetic variation in this pathway contributes to lung cancer risk. In addition, the IL1B - 1060TT (i.e. -511TT) genotype was associated with increased lung cancer risk compared with the CC genotype. The IL8RA Ex2+860 GC or CC, ICAMI Ex2+100 AT or TT and IL12A Ex7+277 GA or AA genotypes were associated with decreased lung cancer risk. The protective effect of the IL8RA variant was stronger among subjects with high cumulative smoky coal use (> = 130 tons). In conclusion, genetic variation in immunoregulatory genes may play an important role in the development of lung cancer in this population.

  6. Spatial-temporal variation of precipitation concentration and structure in the Wei River Basin, China

    Huang, Shengzhi; Huang, Qiang; Chen, Yutong; Xing, Li; Leng, Guoyong


    It is of significant importance to investigate precipitation structure and precipitation concentration due to their great impact on droughts, floods, soil erosion, as well as water resources management. A complete investigation of precipitation structure and its distribution pattern in the Wei River Basin was performed based on recorded daily precipitation data in this study. Two indicators were used: concentration index based on daily precipitation (CID), to assess the distribution of rainy days, and concentration index based on monthly precipitation (CIM), to estimate the seasonality of the precipitation. Besides, the modified Mann-Kendall trend test method was employed to capture the variation trends of CID and CIM. The results indicate that: (1) the 1-3-day events are the predominant precipitation events in terms of the occurrence and fractional contribution; (2) the obvious differences in the CID of various areas are found in the Wei River Basin, and the high CID values mainly concentrate in the northern basin, conversely, the southern basin has a relatively low CID value; (3) high CIM values are primarily in the western and northern basin, reflecting a remarkable seasonality of precipitation in these regions; and (4) all of the stations show a downward trend of CIM, which indicates that the monthly precipitation distribution tends to be more uniform.


    HU Baoqing; JIANG Shufang; LIAO Chimei; HUANG Qiuyan; ZHOU Dequan


    Du'an Yao Autonomous County is a typical area for the distribution of karst rocky desertification in Guangxi.The indices for the grades of rocky desertification are selected according to the scientific meaning of karst rocky desertification and after the interpretative symbol system of rocky desertification. RS images are established by the landscape characteristics of Du'an karst and its TM image. Relying on RS & GIS means and taking land use map as base map, this paper conducts synthetic analysis on the 1999a TM image (126-043) and the correlation data involving landform, soil, geological map and GPS-database and photo on the spot, and brings forth a map showing the Du'an rocky desertification grades and a digital lithology map. As can be viewed from spatial correlation, the inherent connection is also illuminated between the various levels of rocky desertification and the carbonate lithology.

  8. The alleviating pain effect of aqueous extract from tong-xie-yao-fang, on experimental visceral hypersensitivity and its mechanism.

    Hu, Xu-Guang; Xu, Di; Zhao, Yue; Yang, Xiang-Bo; Meng, Jiang; Shen, Han; Guo, Jiao


    Tong-Xie-Yao-Fang (TXYF) is a prescription in traditional chinese medicine (TCM), used for relieving abdominal pain associated with irritable bowel syndrome. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects and mechanism of TXYF on experimental visceral hypersensitivity (VH) models. TXYF affected the abdominal withdrawal reflex produced by colonic distention in maternal separation-induced visceral hypersensitivity rats, in a dosage-dependent manner. TXYF significantly decreased serotonin (5-HT) levels in serum and corticotrophin releasing factor (CRF) concentrations in the brain. Moreover, it was found that VH alleviation by TXYF was dependent on the substance P (SP) expression in the colon mucosa. These results suggest that TXYF attenuates behavioral hyperalgesia by regulating substance associated with the brain-gut axis, including decreasing the expression of 5-HT and SP in the periphery and that of CRF in the center.

  9. Mining Gold in Africa——Development Course of Bao Yao Huan Jian Iron Steel Group Ltd.

    Bai Yifeng


    @@ Historical Trail Founded in 1998,the company jointly ventured with a Nigerian company and invested US$1 million to establish a small rolling mill.In the beginning of 2000,the company established Bao Yao Huan Jian Iron& Steel Group Ltd.with an independent investment of US$15 million with the standard workshop covering an area of 38000,office and logistics workshop occupying an area of 4,000 m2.The group can produce over 300,000 tons of various iron & steel rolling steel materials annually.In 2003,the group set up more companies such as Bulconexim International Ltd,BYHJ shipping Co.,Ltd.and Construction Co., after another.In 2005,additional fund of US$4 million was invested to set up MAWA Textile Nigeria FZE,the workshop of which has the ability to produce 5 million meters of all kinds of textile each year.

  10. Differences in Effects of Zuojin Pills(左金丸)and Its Similar Formulas on Wei Cold Model in Rats

    赵艳玲; 史文丽; 山丽梅; 王伽伯; 赵海平; 肖小河


    Objective:To explore the effects of Zuojin Pills(左金丸)and its similar formulas on the stomach cold syndrome in a Wei cold model in rats.Methods:The rat Wei cold model was established by intragastric administration of glacial NaOH,and the gastric mucosa injury indices,together with the levels of motilin and gastrin in the stomach,were determined.The preventive and curative effects of Zuojin Pills and its similar formulas on gastric mucosa injury were investigated.Results:Zuojin Pills and its similar formul...

  11. Design of Ejector Pins-wing Plate Wave Power Generation Device Based On Weis-Fogh Effect%基于 Weis-Fogh 效应的顶杆-翼板型波浪能发电装置设计

    杨琨; 旷权; 陈新; 王彦超; 李阳; 王松波; 叶云凌


    为提高波浪能发电装置的发电效率与适应能力,利用Weis-Fogh效应可以产生瞬态高升力的特点,设计顶杆-翼板型波浪能发电装置,基于Weis-Fogh理论设计翼板形状并建立翼板运动方程,结合强度理论求解并校核顶杆的尺寸,应用ANSYS软件对顶杆-翼板组合体进行应力仿真。理论分析及仿真结果表明该组合体结构强度满足安全要求。%In order to improve the generation efficiency and adaptability of wave power generation device, the characteristic of Weis-Fogh effect that can produce high lift force in transient is applied to design the ejector pins-wing plate wave power genera-tion device.The Weis-Fogh theory is used to design the shape of wing plate and establish the motion equation of wing plate.The scantling of ejector pins is designed by strength theory, and the strength of ejector pins-wing plate is evaluated in ANSYS.Theo-retical analysis and simulation result show that the strength of combination solid meets the safety requirements.

  12. Intervention effect of traditional Chinese medicine Yi Tang Kang on metabolic syndrome of spleen deficiency

    Xiao-Xi Liu; Yan Shi


    Objective:To investigate effects of herbal compoundYiTangKang on the spleen deficiency metabolic syndrome.Methods:Forty maleWistar rats were randomly divided into two groups: the normal control group and theMS spleen deficiency syndrome group.The control group rats were fed with standard diet and water, whileMS spleen deficiency syndrome group with high fat diet and low dose intraperitoneal injection ofstreptozocin, which swam to the endurance limit. After12 weeks, theMS spleen deficiency syndrome group was randomly divided into two groups, with13 rats in each group.Rats in model group were fed with high fat diet and continuouly administered with daily saline, and rats in intervention group with high fat diet were trated with traditionalChinese medicinesYiTangKang by gavage,2 mL/200 g at the same time every day.10 weeks later, the expression of serum proteomics was investigated through abdominal aortic puncture and separation of serum, using isotope labeling technique, high performance liquid chromatography and four bar-Orbitrap mass spectrometer.Results:After treatment with traditionalChinese medicine yitangkang, in the model group, important carboxylesterase and retinal guanylatecyclase2 precursor were upregulated.As for intervention group, these indesxes were raised, but immunoglobulinIgG, carnitine acetyltransferase, tubulin beta -5, andGanLu sugar binding proteinC were down-regulated.At the same time, some new biological active substances, such as protein tyrosine kinase, beta glucosidase were also found.Conclusions:TraditionalChinese medicinesYiTangKang could regulate glucose and lipid metabolism in rats with spleen deficiency syndrome.

  13. Approximate solutions of theWei Hua oscillator using the Pekeris approximation and Nikiforov–Uvarov method

    P K Bera


    The approximate analytical bound-state solutions of the Schrödinger equation for the Wei Hua oscillator are carried out in N-dimensional space by taking Pekeris approximation scheme to the orbital centrifugal term. Solutions of the corresponding hyper-radial equation are obtained using the conventional Nikiforov–Uvarov (NU) method.




    Fuchuan Yao Autonomous County in Northeast of Guangxi is the folk craft-distributing center of this area. There are several salient features of this area's brocade, such as color ingenious, beautiful patterns and auspicious implies, exquisite workmanship, good material and quality. They represents the Yao's culture image and national wisdom from one generation of Yao to another. Meanwhile that is extraordinarily precious national costume of the Yao. With the development of the society and the change of customs and habits, Yao's folk brocade slowly disappears in daily life. The purpose of this paper is to communicate Yao's traditional culture and to influence persons who are interested in Yao's traditional culture through the pioneering research of Fuchuan Yao's folk brocade. We hope that more and more people know and understand Yao and Yao's traditional culture, and look for a new path for inheriting and developing the Yao's folk brocade.%广西东北部的富川瑶族自治县是桂东北瑶族地区民间工艺集散地,这里的瑶族民间织锦配色巧妙、图美意祥,工艺精湛、材优质良,代表着瑶族的文化形象及瑶族世代相传的民间智慧,是不可多得的民族瑰宝。时至今日,改革步伐的加速,风俗习惯的淡化,瑶族民间织锦将慢慢地消失在人们的视线里。该文通过对富川瑶族民间织锦开拓性的研究,去宣传瑶族传统文化,影响那些对瑶族传统文化感兴趣的人们,让更多人认识和了解瑶族和瑶族传统文化,为瑶族民间织锦的传承和发展寻找新的途径。

  15. Shifted Tietz-Wei oscillator for simulating the atomic interaction in diatomic molecules

    Falaye, Babatunde J; Hamzavi, Majid


    The shifted Tietz-Wei (sTW) oscillator is as good as traditional Morse potential in simulating the atomic interaction in diatomic molecules. By using the Pekeris-type approximation to deal with the centrifugal term, we obtain the bound-state solutions of the radial Schr\\"odinger equation with this typical molecular model via the exact quantization rule (EQR). The energy spectrum for a set of diatomic molecules ($NO \\left(a^4\\Pi_i\\right)$, $NO \\left(B^2\\Pi_r\\right)$, $NO \\left(L'^2\\phi\\right)$, $NO \\left(b^4\\Sigma^{-}\\right)$, $ICl\\left(X^1\\Sigma_g^{+}\\right)$, $ICl\\left(A^3\\Pi_1\\right)$ and $ICl\\left(A'^3\\Pi_2\\right)$ for arbitrary values of $n$ and $\\ell$ quantum numbers are obtained. For the sake of completeness, we study the corresponding wavefunctions using the formula method.

  16. Wei Gao and the Reopening of the Southern Silk Road in the Tang Dynasty

    Zhao Xinyu


    Weigao was one of the famous Jie-dushi ( regional military commissioners ) of the Jiannan Xichuan ( located in today’s southern Si-chuan) in the Tang Dynasty. During the rule of Wei Gao, he successfully defeated the Tubo, and changed the Tang court’s submissiveness in the southwestern region and the fight between the Tang and Tubo along the southern line. He also restored the links between Yunnan and Xichuan including all the way to the Central Plains, and, as a result, the once closed Southern Silk Road was reopened. A further exploration and evaluation of Wei Gao’s actions and his influence on reopening the Southern Silk Road ought to be given. I. Wei Gao’s Alliance with the Nanzhao King-dom and Reopening the Southern Silk Road In 785 A. D. , Wei Gao arrived in Chengdu and was appointed Jiedushi of Jiannan Xichuan. The situation of Jiannan Xichuan at that time was very critical. After the Tianbao war, the Kingdom of Nanzhao, which had unified the area around Er-hai Lake with the support of the Tang in the past, turned against the Tang and publicly announced its alliance with the Tubo. The Nanzhao Kingdom, to-gether with the Tubo, struck the Tang in the south-western region. This shift not only put the Tang in a submissive position in the southwestern region, but also significantly influenced the relations be-tween the Tang and the Tubo. As the Jiedushi of Jiannan Xichuan, Wei Gao became a unique practitioner and actively promoted a joint strategy in Yunnan. After the Tang decided to make an alliance with the Nanzhao Kingdom, relevant actions were taken immediately. However because relations between the Nanzhao Kingdom and the Tang had been broken for many years, at the beginning, Wei Gao could only communicate through some of the tribal chiefs of the Dongman ( Eastern Barbarians) . Through several years of ef-fort and mutual contact, Wei Gao’s endeavors to make an alliance with the Nanzhao, at last, were effective. Wei Gao’s efforts to make an

  17. Study on Strata Behavior Regularity of 1301 Face in Thick Bedrock of Wei - qiang Coal Mine

    Gu, Shuancheng; Yao, Boyu


    In order to ensure the safe and efficient production of the thick bedrock face, the rule of the strata behavior of the thick bedrock face is discussed through the observation of the strata pressure of the 1301 first mining face in Wei qiang coal mine. The initial face is to press the average distance of 50.75m, the periodic weighting is to press the average distance of 12.1m; during the normal mining period, although the upper roof can not be broken at the same time, but the pressure step is basically the same; the working face for the first weighting and periodical weighting is more obvious to the change of pressure step change, when the pressure of the working face is coming, the stent force increased significantly, but there are still part of the stent work resistance exceeds the rated working resistance, low stability, still need to strengthen management.

  18. Detecting Abrupt Change of Streamflow at Lintong Station of Wei River

    Jingjing Fan


    Full Text Available According to abrupt diagnosis of runoff, two methods, that is, moving approximate entropy and moving permutation entropy, are used to analyse the abrupt year of the daily river runoff from 1961 to 2006 at Lintong station of Wei River in Loess Plateau. The runoff series are divided into 4 stages. With the analysis of hydrological characters of different stages, we find that there are abrupt changes at the three years 1972, 1983, and 2002. The result shows that moving approximate entropy and moving permutation entropy methods are useful tools for abrupt diagnosis of runoff. The attribution of abrupt change at the Lintong runoff series is primarily due to the reduced precipitation, increased water conservancy project, increased water consumption of industry and agriculture, significantly decreased groundwater table, and increased evaporation.

  19. Eigensolution techniques, their applications and the Fisher's information entropy of Tietz-Wei diatomic molecular potential

    Falaye, B J; Ikhdair, S M; Hamzavi, M


    In this study, approximate analytical solution of Schr\\"odinger, Klein-Gordon and Dirac equations under the Tietz-Wei (TW) diatomic molecular potential are represented by using an approximation for the centrifugal term. We have applied three types of eigensolution techniques; the functional analysis approach (FAA), supersymmetry quantum mechanics (SUSYQM) and asymptotic iteration method (AIM) to solve Klein-Gordon Dirac and Schr\\"odinger equations, respectively. The energy eigenvalues and the corresponding eigenfunctions for these three wave equations are obtained and some numerical results and figures are reported. It has been shown that these techniques yielded exactly same results. some expectation values of the TW diatomic molecular potential within the framework of the Hellmann-Feynman theorem (HFT) have been presented. The probability distributions which characterize the quantum-mechanical states of TW diatomic molecular potential are analysed by means of complementary information measures of a probabil...

  20. Undercooling, Rapid Solidification, and Relations to Processing in Low Earth Orbit (A Review of the Works of Bingbo Wei)

    deGroh, Henry C., III


    This is a survey of the published works of Prof. Bingbo Wei of the Department of Applied Physics at Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xian P.R. China. Transformations among solid - liquid - and vapor are fundamental to the foundations of life and culture on Earth. The development and understanding of materials has lead the evolution and advancement of the human race since antiquity. Materials and fluids research is continuing today, with us standing on the shoulders of those that have gone before us. Technological and scientific breakthroughs continue due to studies of greater and greater complexity, that include for example, research done at high pressures, in high magnetic fields, at temperatures near absolute zero, and in the low gravity environment of low Earth orbit. Of particular technological importance is the liquid to solid transformation of metals and alloys. Solidification processing is generally the most important factor in the final properties of objects made of metal; and undercooling is the fundamental driving force for all solidification. The interest and resources dedicated to the study of solidification and undercooling are great and World wide. For many years B. Wei and his coworkers have been studying undercooling and rapid solidification and have amassed a significant body of published research in this important field, contributing to the leading edge of the state-of-the-art. It is the goal of this memorandum to provide a review of the research of B. Wei et al.; publications in Chinese are included in the reference list but are not discussed. The bulk of Wei's work has been in the area of undercooling and rapid solidification [1-11, 13-16, 24-36] with papers dating back to 1989, the same year he earned his Ph.D. Below, discussions of Wei's undercooling and rapid solidification research have been grouped together mostly on the basis of alloy type, such as eutectic, intermetallic, or monotectic.

  1. Research on Female Ethics of Zhou Yi%《周易》女性伦理析论



    《周易》包括《易经》《易传》,经、传有着不一样的女性伦理价值观。《易经》女性伦理呈现国家、社会、个人伦理多层次和多样性的格局;而《易传》倾向男尊女卑、男主女从的妇妻社会伦理,体现了统一性,并对这种统一的女性伦理接通天人之际,凭借形上的根据以证成其合法性和合理性。《周易》的这些女性伦理观,是我国古代女性伦理的重要理论来源,对于后世的女性伦理发展有着重要的影响。今人在分析《周易》女性伦理时,应当坚持经、传相分的观点,才能准确地把握其女性伦理观。%Zhou Yi includes Yi Jing and Yi Zhuan,which with different values of female ethics. The female ethics of Yi Jing is multi-level and various with state,social and personal ethics. But Yi Zhuan tends to the social ethics that women are inferior to men and it finds out the foundation of the women social ethics from the heaven-human relationship by ontology as well. The female ethics of Zhou Yi,is an important theoretical source of Chinese ancient female ethics,which also has an important influ-ence on the later development of female ethics. In the analysis of Zhou Yi’s female ethics,we should make a distinction between Yi Jing and Yi Zhuan in order to accurately grasp the female ethic view.

  2. Clinical Observation on Therapeutic Effect of Ji De Sheng She Yao Tablet on 16 Cases with AIDS Complicated by Herpes Zoster


    @@The Ji De Sheng She Yao tablet (季德胜蛇药片)is a drug for snake-bites and insect bites. According to recent reports, this drug has been used to treat herpes zoster, hepatitis B, parotitis, nephrotic syndrome, acute conjunctivitis, recurrent aphtha, urticaria, etc.1 with good therapeutic effects. More than half of the AIDS patients suffered from herpes zoster. The area of skin lesion in AIDS patients is larger than that of the patients without AIDS and the pain lasts longer. Many cases have keloids and depigmentation for months, even severe pain till their death. Routine therapeutic methods are not satisfactory in therapeutic effects. The expert group of traditional Chinese medicine for cooperative research on AIDS used Ji De Sheng She Yao tablets (季德胜蛇药片) to treat AIDS complicated by herpes zoster for the first time and the results are reported as follows.

  3. 桂枝汤和营调卫法之探析%Exploratory analysis on the method of ying and wei harmonization by Cinnamon Twig Decoction

    张敏; 纪立金


    桂枝汤乃仲景群方之首,临证应用广泛.本文基于藏象及营卫理论,从桂枝汤和营调卫之理、法、药、用四个方面探析桂枝汤营卫不和的内涵,提出了卫病伤营是营卫不和的重要病机、滋营化卫是和营调卫的前提条件,调营治卫是辨治思路、建中调营是关键环节的观点.%Cinnamon Twig Decoction is the first prescription of Shanghanlun, and it is widely used in clinics. Based on the visceral state and ying-wei theory, it analyses the connotation of Cinnamon Twig Decoction of ying-wei disharmony from the theory, method, Chinese herbal and clinical application, and put forward the view that ying-wei impaired is the important pathomechanism of disorder between ying and wei, nourishing ying-wei is the premise condition of ying and wei harmonization, harmonization the ying and wei is the differentiation ideas, and nourishing middle-jiao to balance ying is the key point.

  4. YiXing pump turbine guide vane vibrations: Problem reso lution with advanced CFD analysis

    Nennemann, B [Andritz Hydro Ltd., 6100 Trans Canada Hwy., Pointe-Claire, Quebec, H9R 1B9 (Canada); Parkinson, E, E-mail: [Andritz Hydro SA, Rue des Deux-Gares 6, Vevey, 1800 Switzerland (Switzerland)


    During commissioning of YiXing pump turbine (Jiangsu province, China) by - at the time - GE Energy Hydro a number of guide vane vibration issues occurred. An investigation was launched to determine the root causes of these vibration incidents including analysis of site measurement data from the incidents and a Computation Fluid Dynamics (CFD) study. Several interesting hydro-dynamic phenomena were discovered during the course of this investigation, notably circumferentially synchronized and amplified von Karman vortices at the guide vane trailing edges in pump mode, unexpected flow attachment to the guide vane trailing edge pump mode resulting in bi-stable flow conditions and a self-excited torsion mode flutter vibration. The latter two phenomena explain the vibration incidents at site. The CFD study helped in identifying and quantifying the geometric parameters that influence torsion mode flutter and therefore enabled a targeted modification of the guide vane profile that is stable with respect to self-excitation. Between May 2009 and April 2010 the modified guide vanes were - now by Andritz Hydro Ltd. - installed in all 4 units of the YiXing pumped storage plant and proved to be successful in eliminating the vibration problems. Opening and closing sequences of the guide vanes - including pump start from closed guide vanes and transition from pump to synchronous condenser operation - could be implemented as required by the contract.

  5. Dying Hunters, Poison Plants, and Mute Slaves-Nature and Tradition in Contemporary Nuosu Yi Poetry

    Mark Bender


    Full Text Available Themes of nature and traditional culture are common in the works of ethnic poets from a subgroup of the large Yi ethnic group of southwest China known as the Nuosu. Nuosu culture is synonymous with the Liangshan Mountains of southern Sichuan Province. Since the 1980s several dozen Nuosu poets have emerged to form what can be called the 'Liangshan School' of contemporary Chinese poetry. Drawing on theory from Ethnopoetics, Ecoliterature, and Folkloristics the paper introduces major themes in the works of these Nuosu poets and introduces poems by three poets who distinctly utilize nature imagery from a common pool of Yi cultural traditions. These traditions include oral literature, ritual, folk costume, and traditional ideas about social hierarchy and gender relations. Much of the nature imagery is related to folk knowledge of native animals and plants. A major theme in the poetry is the response to changes in tradition and the local environment brought about by rapid growth and development in China.

  6. An exposition of Zhou YI studios in modem Neo-Confucianism


    The representatives of modern Neo-Confucianism all greatly value Yi Zhuan and regard it as one of their spiritual resources,and give their own creative interpretations and transformations.Xiong Shili's ontological-cosmological theory takes "qian yuan" as its center;Ma Yifu has a theory of ontology-cultivation centered on "nature-principle";Fang Dongmei has a metaphysics of production and reproduction;Mou Zongsan takes the view of "completely knowing the fathomless and understanding transformation" as a moral metaphysics;and in Tang Junyi there is a theory of the harmony of doctrines on Heaven and man in which "the knowledge of divine understanding" is its key concept.They employ modern philosophical concepts and thinking to illustrate the cosmology,ontology,theory of life,theory of human nature,theory of spiritual worlds,axiology and their connections in Zhou Yi.They affirm that the characteristics of Chinese philosophy that are different from Western philosophy consist in a naturalist view of vital life,a harmonious view of totality,an axiological view that values exist in natural universe and the world of fact,the pursuit of Good and Beauty,and intuitive experience of inner world.

  7. Traditional Chinese medicine "Qing Yi Tang" alleviates oxygen free radical injury in acute necrotizing pancreatitis


    AIM To observe the changes in oxygen free radical (OFR) and the curative effect of traditional Chinese medicine "Qing Yi Tang" in acute necrotizing pancreatitis (ANP).METHODS After induction of ANP by injection of sodium taurocholate into pancreatic duct, 16 dogs were randomly divided into control group and Chinese medicine group. Serum amylase, SOD and MDA were determined on postoperative day 1, 2, 4 and 7. The animals were sacrificed on day 7. SOD and MDA in organs were determined, and pathological changes in pancreas were observed.RESULTS As compared with control group, the serum level of amylase (734U/L vs 2783U/L) and MDA (7.8nmol/ml vs 14.8nmol/ml) in Chinese medicine group were decreased on day 7 (P<0.05), while SOD increased significantly (281nU/ml vs 55nU/ml, P<0.01), and similar changes occurred in MDA and SOD in organs, especially in the pancreas; the pathological changes in the pancreas were alleviated as well.CONCLUSION "Qing Yi Tang" is effective in clearing OFRs and alleviating pathological changes in ANP.

  8. 20世纪上半叶中国的瑶族研究%Study on China Yao Nationality in the First Half of the 20th Century



    In the first half of the 20th century many scholars overcame numerous difficulties to do the field research in the minority regions. One of their important works is the Yao nationality study. They wrote a lot of fieldwork reports and collected related cultural relics. These efforts inspired scholars and public at that time to expand and deepen the study, so “Yao study ”has got its place in world academic circle. Understanding and inheriting works of that time has great significance in Yao nationality study.%20世纪上半叶,一些学者克服重重困难进入少数民族地区进行田野调查,瑶族地区的调查和研究是其中重要的一环。他们撰写了一些实地调查报告并搜集相关文物。这些前驱者的努力和成果激励着学术同仁和普通民众,学术研究得以拓展和深化,国际学界由此有了“瑶学”的一席之地。研究这份宝贵的学术遗产,具有重要的学术意义。

  9. Dan Zhi Xiao Yao Yin Combined With Auricular-Point-Pressing for Treatment of Optic Atrophy - A Clinical Observation of 51 Cases



    To evaluate the therapeutic effect of Dan Zhi Xiao Yao Yin (丹栀消遥饮 Decoction of Moutan Bark and Capejasmine) combined with auricular-point- pressing therapy for treatment of optic atrophy. The visual acuity and visual field was observed in the 51 cases (58 eyes) from the treatment group that were treated with Dan Zhi Xiao Yao Yin combined with auricular-point-pressing therapy and the 43 cases (49 eyes)from the control group that were treated with routine western drugs at the end of the trial (60 days). The effective rates of increase in visual acuity obtained in the treatment and the control groups were 79.3% and 44.89% respectively and enlargement in visual field were 61.9% and 22.6% respectively. Statistical analysis showed that there were significant differences between two groups (P<0.05). The therapeutic effect of Dan Zhi Xiao Yao Yin combined with auricular-point -pressing therapy in increasing the visual acuity and enlarging the visual field was superior to that of the routine western drugs.

  10. Xiao Yao San against Corticosterone-Induced Stress Injury via Upregulating Glucocorticoid Receptor Reaction Element Transcriptional Activity

    Guoping Cao


    Full Text Available Previous studies have revealed that uncontrollable stress can impair the synaptic plasticity and firing property of hippocampal neurons, which influenced various hippocampal-dependent tasks including memory, cognition, behavior, and mood. In this work, we had investigated the effects and mechanisms of the Chinese herbal medicine Xiao Yao San (XYS against corticosterone-induced stress injury in primary hippocampal neurons (PHN cells. We found that XYS and RU38486 could increase cell viabilities and decrease cell apoptosis by MTT, immunofluorescence, and flow cytometry assays. In addition, we observed that XYS notably inhibited the nuclear translocation of GR and upregulated the mRNA and protein expressions levels of Caveolin-1, GR, BDNF, TrkB, and FKBP4. However, XYS downregulated the FKBP51 expressions. Furthermore, the results of the electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA and double luciferase reporter gene detection indicated that FKBP4 promotes the transcriptional activity of GR reaction element (GRE by binding with GR, and FKBP51 processed the opposite action. The in vivo experiment also proved the functions of XYS. These results suggested that XYS showed an efficient neuroprotection against corticosterone-induced stress injury in PHN cells by upregulating GRE transcriptional activity, which should be developed as a potential candidate for treating stress injury in the future.

  11. Tong Xie Yao Fang relieves irritable bowel syndrome in rats via mechanisms involving regulation of 5-hydroxytryptamine and substance P.

    Yin, Yue; Zhong, Lei; Wang, Jian-Wei; Zhao, Xue-Ying; Zhao, Wen-Jing; Kuang, Hai-Xue


    To investigate whether the Chinese medicine Tong Xie Yao Fang (TXYF) improves dysfunction in an irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) rat model. Thirty baby rats for IBS modeling were separated from mother rats (1 h per day) from days 8 to 21, and the rectum was expanded by angioplasty from days 8 to 12. Ten normal rats were used as normal controls. We examined the effects of TXYF on defection frequency, colonic transit function and smooth muscle contraction, and the expression of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and substance P (SP) in colonic and hypothalamus tissues by Western blot and RT-PCT techniques in both normal rats and IBS model rats with characterized visceral hypersensitivity. Defecation frequency was 1.8 ± 1.03 in normal rats and 4.5 ± 1.58 in IBS model rats (P colon transit function was significantly increased (256.88 ± 20.32 vs 93.36 ± 17.28, P colonic smooth muscle tension and contract frequency in IBS model rats were significantly decreased by administration of TXYF. Exogenous agonist stimulants increased spontaneous activity and elicited contractions of colon smooth muscle in IBS model rats, and all of these actions were significantly reduced by TXYF involving 5-HT and SP down-regulation. TXYF can modulate the activity of the enteric nervous system and alter 5-HT and SP activities, which may contribute to the symptoms of IBS.

  12. From “Customary” to “Illegal”: Yao Ethnic Marriages on the Sino-Vietnamese Border

    Elena Barabantseva


    Full Text Available This article examines changing governing practices in the context of the Sino-Vietnamese border in the Guangxi Autonomous Region of China. The groups inhabiting the mountainous ranges of this ethnically diverse part of Southeast Asia evaded the reach of the state until the 1970s, when China and Vietnam started tightening control over the land border after the border war. With an increasingly rigid and clearly delimited Sino-Vietnamese borderland, binary forms of classification began to replace earlier fluid identifications, and the room for diverse social and cultural expressions became restricted. It is within this context that the ethnic marriage practices straddling the borders of China and its southern neighboring states discussed in this article took place. Cross-border ethnic Yao marriages have gone from customary to illegal in recent years as a result of China’s strict population control, its changing demography, and the accelerated shortage of manual labor in its border area. Border politics have permeated the private sphere, transforming common ethnic marriage partners into illegal migrants. Although ethnic marriage partners are relegated to an illegal status, they are indispensible in the local labor market and moral economy as mothers, caretakers, translators, guides, and manual workers. This article argues that, despite being antithetical to the bordering logic of state sovereignty, they are important agents who depend on and capitalize on the border economy.

  13. Forensic evaluation and population genetic study of 30 insertion/deletion polymorphisms in a Chinese Yi group.

    Zhang, Yu-Dang; Shen, Chun-Mei; Jin, Rui; Li, Ya-Ni; Wang, Bo; Ma, Li-Xia; Meng, Hao-Tian; Yan, Jiang-Wei; Dan Wang, Hong-; Yang, Ze-Long; Zhu, Bo-Feng


    Insertion/deletion polymorphisms have become a research hot spot in forensic science due to their tremendous potential in recent years. In the present study, we investigated 30 indel loci in a Chinese Yi ethnic group. The allele frequencies of the short allele of the 30 indel loci were in the range of 0.1025-0.9221. The power of discrimination values were observed ranging from to 0.2630 (HLD111 locus) to 0.6607 (HLD70 locus) and probability of exclusion values ranged from 0.0189 (HLD111 locus) to 0.2343 (HLD56 locus). The combined power of discrimination and power of exclusion for 30 loci in the studied Yi group were 0.99999999995713 and 0.97746, respectively, which showed tremendous potential for forensic personal identification in the Yi group. Moreover, the DA distances, phylogenetic tree, principal component analysis, and cluster analysis showed the Yi group had close genetic relationships with the Tibetan, South Korean, Chinese Han, and She groups.

  14. Effects of Capsule Yi -Zhi on learning and memory disorder and beta-amyloid peptide induced neurotoxicity in rats

    XUJiang-Ping; WUHang-Yu; LILin


    AIM To investigate the effects of Capsule Yi-Zhi (CYZ) on learning and memory disorder and beta-amyloid protein induced neurotoxieity in rats. Methods Various doses of CYZ were administered to Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats for 8 days, twice a day. Then scopolamine hydrobromide (Sco) intraperitoneal injection was performed on each rat and the

  15. Comparative Study on the Analgesic Effects of Different Moxibustion Methods with Tai-yi Moxa Stick in Treating Primary Dysmenorrhea

    Wu Jiu-long; Wang Yu-fan; Zhang Jian-bin; Wang Ling-ling; Chen Hong-yu; Tang Yi-chun; Ma Xiao-yu; Huan Jia-hui; Chen Ruo-yang; Mo Hui; Xu Xiu-zhu; Shen Xiao-jing


    Objective: To compare the therapeutic effects of two different moxibustion methods both with tai-yi moxa stick in treating primary dysmenorrhea. Methods: Forty-three patients were randomized into two groups by the random number table according to their treatment orders. The causalgic group was intervened by causalgic stimulation with tai-yi moxa stick while the tepid group was treated by mild thermal stimulation with tai-yi moxa stick. Shiqizhui (EX-B 8) was selected for both groups. Visual analogue scale (VAS) was used for observation before and during the treatment by every 10 min to compare the clinical efficacies between the two groups. Results: Before treatment, there was no statistically significant difference in pain intensity between the two groups (P>0.05). After treatment, both groups achieved significant improvements in pain intensity (P0.05), but the difference was enlarged comparing with that before treatment. The pain relief during the first 10 min of treatment was slower in the causalgic group than that in the tepid group. However, during the later 20 min, the pain relief in the calsalgia group gradually outpaced that in the tepid group. Conclusion: The two moxibustion methods with tai-yi moxa stick both have a good instant analgesic effect in treating primary dysmenorrhea. For patients with primary dysmenorrhea, if 30 min is regarded as the treatment time, mild stimulation was suggested to be used for the first 10 min, and causalgic stimulation for the later 20 min to achieve a better curative effect.

  16. Heavy metal pollution and health risk assessment in the Wei River in China.

    Yang, Xuefu; Duan, Jinming; Wang, Lei; Li, Wei; Guan, Jianling; Beecham, Simon; Mulcahy, Dennis


    From data collected monthly at 26 monitoring cross sections in the Wei River in the Shaanxi Region of China during the period 2008-2012, the temporal pollution characteristics of heavy metals (Hg, Cd, Cr(VI), Pb, and As) were analyzed based on a heavy metal pollution index (HPI). The monthly HPI values of the five heavy metals in the river fluctuated greatly in 2008 and then declined gradually with time. This general trend of reduction in HPI appears not to have a seasonal variation and most likely resulted from the continued improvement in heavy metal pollution control strategies implemented by local environmental agencies combined with a significant improvement in wastewater treatment capacities. Among the five heavy metals, Cd and Pb were below 0.1 and 3 μg L(-1), respectively, at all the sampling points in the studied areas in the year 2012. The detection rates of As, Hg, and Cr(VI) were in the order of Hg > Cr(VI) > As. Hg, Cr(VI), and As exceeded, in a month of the dry season in 2012, the standard limits for category III surface waters according to the China Environment Quality Standards for Surface Water (CEQSSW). Based on the assessment using the HPI method, the pollution status of these heavy metals in water of the Wei River in the Shaanxi Region was generally at an acceptable level, but exhibited distinctive characteristics between the main stream river and tributaries. Most of the tributaries were more seriously polluted than the main river. A health risk assessment was conducted based on the Human Health Risk Assessment (HHRA) method recommended by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA). Apart from As, the health risk for the five heavy metals in the region were at acceptable levels for drinking water sources (hazard quotient (HQ) pollutant of concern among the five heavy metals; both its values of the HQ and CR indicated potentially adverse health risks for the local population.

  17. Wei Man is a Chinese, not a Korean%论卫满是中国人而非朝鲜人



    In BC194, WeiMan,a rebel in Yan region ,escaped to Korea and came to the throne in the locality. Jin Zhenpei,a scholor of RK, considers the majority of people in Yan region belong to the Mo nation, Which is one of ancient nations evolving to Korean;then Jin concludes WeiMan belongs to "Korean system". This thesis retorts his opinion. Indeed, the Mo nation is one of nations hich had evolved to Korean,but the great majority of them in China had fused into Various nations of north China and become the ingredient of the Chinese natioin.It's erroneous to identify the Mo nation with "Korean system".No matter whether WeiMan and Yan's refugees belong to the Mo nation or not,they are Chinese. It can' t be denied that WeiMan Korea contained Chinese constituent.%本文就韩国学者金贞培在其《韩国民族的文化和起源》一书中关于因燕国境内多为貊族,从而认定卫满及燕满亡民为"朝鲜人系统"的观点展开论述。本文认为民族是一个历史的范畴,许多古代民族不断分化融合到其他民族中去,并成为这其他民族不可分割的一部份,因而将貊族完全认为"朝鲜人系统"是错误的。无论卫满和燕满是不是貊族,他们都是中国人;卫满朝鲜的成份是不容否认的。

  18. Analysis of baseflow index based hydrological model in Upper Wei River basin on the Loess Plateau in China

    Liu, D.; Chang, J.; Tian, F.; Huang, Q.; Meng, X.


    The baseflow is the drainage from the groundwater and soil water to the streamflow. As one important source of the streamflow, the baseflow could be the main source of the streamflow in the dry season. The Wei River, located in the semi-arid region of the Loess Plateau which is overlain by deep and loose soil, is the largest tributary of the Yellow River. According to former research, most of the streamflow in the dry season in the headwater of the Yellow River is baseflow. For the whole Yellow River basin, the baseflow is an important component of the streamflow, and accounts for about 44% of the annual runoff. Physically-based distributed hydrological models can simulate the runoff components separately, and are important tools to analyse the runoff components. Given the importance of the baseflow in the dry season for drought relief to support the ecological water requirement and irrigation, especially in the Wei River, the baseflow is analysed in this study. To investigate the baseflow in the Upper Wei River basin, a semi-distributed hydrological model based on a Representative Elementary Watershed approach (THREW) is employed to investigate the runoff generation process. To compare the results, an automatic baseflow separation method proposed by Arnold is used to separate the baseflow from the daily streamflow at Beidao hydrological station in Upper Wei River basin from 2001 to 2004. Based on the hydrological modelling and the Arnold separation method, the average annual baseflow index, i.e. the ratio of baseflow to the total runoff, is estimated as in the range of 0.30-0.36. The average intra-annual monthly baseflow index represents the seasonality of the baseflow due to the seasonality of the precipitation and evapotranspiration, and is also analysed.

  19. Using the WEIS-SR to evaluate employee perceptions of their college work environment.

    Dorsey, Julie; Kaye, Miranda; Barratt, Jennifer; Biondi, Jennifer; Habrial, Amanda; Lane, Amanda; Marinelli, Victoria; Paulino, Tiffany; Singletary, Amanda


    Colleges have been experiencing reduced resource allocations, shifting student expectations, and organizational change. These changes increase employee stress at all levels. Ensuring that employee needs are being met and promoting a healthy and productive workforce has never been more important. To investigate employees' current perceptions of their work environments using the Work Environment Impact Scale-Self Rating (WEIS-SR). Full and part time employees on a small college campus in the United States were surveyed using the WEIS-SR through an online survey program to protect their anonymity. Perception of staffing levels, workplace support for a healthy lifestyle, number of supervisors, and personal health ratings contributed to employee perceptions of their work environment. There were also differences between staff, administration, and tenured and non-tenured faculty. From an occupational performance perspective, valuable information on employees' levels of volition, performance capacity and habituation, and perceptions of their physical and social environment in relation to their work environments was obtained. Further support for the use of the WEIS-SR and psychometric properties of the instrument (reliability and validity) was obtained.

  20. [Investigation of determining strontium in M. nitida Benth. var. hirsutissima. Z. Wei. by flame atomic absorption spectra].

    Zhang, Ling; Rao, Zhi-Jun; Guan, Yuan-Yuan; Zhang, Hai-Ming


    The present paper is aimed to establish the method of determining the strontium in M. nitida Benth. var. hirsutissima. Z. Wei. by means of air-acetylene flame atomic absorption spectra, and also provide reference for the determination of the strontium in other traditional Chinese medicine. M. Nitida Benthvarhirsutissima Z. Wei. was taken as the object. The authors used nitric-perchloric acid as digestion solution to digest samples by microwave which was controlled by pressure, and used EDTA-2Na as the releasing agent to add in the samples for determining the strontium in M. nitida Benth. var. hirsutissima. Z. Wei. by FAAS. The results showed that the samples were entirely digested by microwave. The working curve was Y = 0.036 5x -0.001 1, r = 0.999 4, the range was 0-1.6 microg x mL(-1), the average recovery rate was 101.5% with RSD 2.04%, and the method detection limit was 0.008 2 microg x mL(-1) (n = 21). It is concluded that this method is simple and accurate. It has high sensitivity and can be effectively used for determining the strontium in this traditional Chinese medicine.

  1. Dr.CHEN Ying-yi's Experience in Treating Premature Ovarian Failure

    QIAN Hai-mo; FAN Xiao-yan; CHEN Ying-yi; WANG Xin-zhong


    @@ Dr.CHEN Ying-yi(陈颖异 1957-), female, chief physician, one of the forth-batch supervisors for the work of carrying on the academic experiences of the national veteran TCM experts.Dr.CHEN was once the student of the famous TCM professor HE Shao-shan, and has been engaged in TCM gynecology for more than 30 years, with more than30 essays published.She has taken charge of 5research subjects, of which 1 got the 3rd prize for the TCM scientific advance and creation of Zhejiang Province, 2 got the 3rd prize for Wenzhou municipal scientific advance, and 2 got the 2nd prize for Ruian municipal scientific advance.

  2. Drought Characteristic Analysis Based on an Improved PDSI in the Wei River Basin of China

    Lei Zou


    Full Text Available In this study, to improve the efficiency of the original Palmer Drought Severity Index (PDSI_original, we coupled the Soil and Water Assessment tool (SWAT and PDSI_original to construct a drought index called PDSI_SWAT. The constructed PDSI_SWAT is applied in the Wei River Basin (WRB of China during 1960–2012. The comparison of the PDSI_SWAT with four other commonly used drought indices reveals the effectiveness of the PDSI_SWAT in describing the drought propagation processes in WRB. The whole WRB exhibits a dry trend, with more significant trends in the northern, southeastern and western WRB than the remaining regions. Furthermore, the drought frequencies show that drought seems to occur more likely in the northern part than the southern part of WRB. The principle component analysis method based on the PDSI_SWAT reveals that the whole basin can be further divided into three distinct sub-regions with different drought variability, i.e., the northern, southeastern and western part. Additionally, these three sub-regions are also consistent with the spatial pattern of drought shown by the drought frequency. The wavelet transform analysis method indicates that the El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO events have strong impacts on inducing droughts in the WRB. The results of this study could be beneficial for a scientific water resources management and drought assessment in the current study area and also provide a valuable reference for other areas with similar climatic characteristics.

  3. Tentative Analysis to Organizing the Stroke System of Yi Scripts--Taking Yi Scripts from Northwest Guizhou as Examples%试析彝文笔画系统的整理--以黔西北彝文为例



    彝文是彝族古老的文字,用彝文书写的经籍文献卷帙浩繁,但是,由于彝文古籍一向以钞本传承,没有统一的字形标准,传抄者对彝文笔画的书写随意性大,错字、别字、异体字十分泛滥,为彝文古籍整理带来极大的困难,严重阻碍了彝文的传承和发展。所以整理彝文,当从文字入手,而笔画是构成文字的最小单位。对传统彝文笔画的类型、特点、笔画顺序的书写规律进行初步的分析、归类和整理,为彝文整理、彝文教学以及彝文字形分析提供参考。%There are voluminous manuscripts written in Yi scripts, which is an indigenous writing system with a long history.However, Yi scripts used in these manuscripts are all hand-written without unified morpho-logical norms. When transcribing the classics, the inheritors changed the ways of writing strokes at will. As a result, wrongly-written characters, misused characters and characters borrowed for same pronunciations are all over the place,which cause huge difficulties in organizing ancient Yi manuscripts and finally impede the process of acquisition and development. Therefore, for the purpose of organizing Yi scripts, we should look at the characters,especially the strokes, which are the smallest building blocks in character-making. Through ini-tial analyzing,classifying and organizing,I hope to provide the categories, characteristics and writing sequence of Yi strokes, and contribute to various research areas from Yi scripts organizing, teaching and font analysis.

  4. Impact of climate change and anthropogenic activities on stream flow and sediment discharge in the Wei River basin, China

    P. Gao


    Full Text Available Reduced stream flow and increased sediment discharge are a major concern in the Yellow River basin of China which supplies water for agriculture, industry and the growing populations located along the river. Similar concerns exist in the Wei River basin which is the largest tributary of the Yellow River basin and comprises the highly eroded Loess Plateau. Better understanding of the drivers of stream flow and sediment discharge dynamics in the Wei River basin is needed for development of effective management strategies for the region and entire Yellow River basin. In this regard we analysed long term trends for water and sediment discharge during the flood season in the Wei River basin, China. Stream flow and sediment discharge data for 1932 to 2008 from existing hydrological stations located in two sub-catchments and at two points in the Wei River were analysed. Precipitation data were analysed from corresponding meteorological stations. We identified change points or transition years for the trends by the Pettitt method and, using double mass curves, we diagnosed whether they were caused by precipitation changes, human intervention, or both. We found significant decreasing trends for stream flow and sediment discharge during the flood season in both sub-catchments and in the Wei River itself. Change-point analyses further revealed that transition years existed and that rapid decline in stream flow began in 1968 (P<0.01, and that sediment discharge began in 1981 (P<0.01 in the main river. In the two sub-catchments, the transition years were 1985 (P<0.01 and 1994 (P<0.05 for water discharge, and 1978 and 1979 for sediment discharge (P<0.05, respectively. The impact of precipitation or human activity on the reduction amount after the transition years was estimated by double mass curves of precipitation vs stream flow (sediment. For reductions in stream flow and sediment discharge, the contribution rate of human

  5. Impact of climate change and anthropogenic activities on stream flow and sediment discharge in the Wei River basin, China

    P. Gao


    Full Text Available Reduced stream flow and increased sediment discharge are a major concern in the Yellow River basin of China, which supplies water for agriculture, industry and the growing populations located along the river. Similar concerns exist in the Wei River basin, which is the largest tributary of the Yellow River basin and comprises the highly eroded Loess Plateau. Better understanding of the drivers of stream flow and sediment discharge dynamics in the Wei River basin is needed for development of effective management strategies for the region and entire Yellow River basin. In this regard we analysed long-term trends for water and sediment discharge during the flood season in the Wei River basin, China. Stream flow and sediment discharge data for 1932 to 2008 from existing hydrological stations located in two subcatchments and at two points in the Wei River were analysed. Precipitation and air temperature data were analysed from corresponding meteorological stations. We identified change-points or transition years for the trends by the Pettitt method and, using double mass curves, we diagnosed whether they were caused by precipitation changes, human intervention, or both. We found significant decreasing trends for stream flow and sediment discharge during the flood season in both subcatchments and in the Wei River itself. Change-point analyses further revealed that transition years existed and that rapid decline in stream flow began in 1968 (P P P P P < 0.05, respectively. The impact of precipitation or human activity on the reduction amount after the transition years was estimated by double mass curves of precipitation vs. stream flow (sediment. For reductions in stream flow and sediment discharge, the contribution rate of human activity was found to be 82.80 and 95.56%, respectively, and was significantly stronger than the contribution rate of precipitation. This evidence clearly suggests that, in the absence of significant decreases in precipitation

  6. The Light of Faith Reflected by Yao Costumes:A Case Study of Du’an Yao Nationality in Guangxi%瑶族服饰折射的信仰之光--以广西都安县布努瑶为例



    以广西都安县布努瑶为对象,在前人研究的基础上,运用民俗学等多学科理论对瑶族织绣图案进行描述和分析,探讨了古老瑶族的民间信仰在服饰上的各种体现,对以瑶族服饰为代表的瑶族文化的传承和发扬具有现实意义,同时具有重要学术价值。%Taking Bunuyao nationality as the object,on the basis of previous studies and by employing multidisciplinary theories,this paper has described and analyzed the dress of Yao nationality with distinctive cultural features,exploring the old Yao folk beliefs reflected in costumes of Yao nationality,which is of great academic value and has practical significance to the Yao’s cultural heritage and develop-ment.

  7. [The classification method of syndromes in the Bei ji qian jin yao fang (Essential Recipes for Emergent Use Worth A Thousand Gold)].

    Shen, Xiaowei; Zheng, Wenjie; Ma, Mingyue; Zhang, Zhibin


    Bei ji qian jin yao fang (Essential Recipes for Emergent Use Worth A Thousand Gold) epitomizes the medical achievements of the Tang Dynasty with an extensive coverage. The classification method of syndromes in this book is derived from Nei jing (Inner Canon), Nan jing (Classic of Questioning), Shang han za bing lun (Treatise on Cold Pathogenic and Miscellaneous Diseases), Zhu bing yuan hou lun (General Treatise on Causes and Manifestations of All Diseases), and enlightens the later generation with many unique characteristics, reflecting the mature recognition of the diseases in the contemporary clinical medicine from one side. It is still of great significance for understanding the diseases and exploring its pathogenesis even today.

  8. A new framework to evaluate ecosystem health: a case study in the Wei River basin, China.

    Wu, Wei; Xu, Zongxue; Zhan, Chesheng; Yin, Xuwang; Yu, Songyan


    water and watershed management of the Wei River basin, or even the Yellow River basin.

  9. The protective effect of Liu-Wei-Di-Huang-Fang in salt-sensitive hypertension rats.

    Yang, Qiang; He, Yanming; Wang, Wenjian


    Abstract Hypertension is considered as a chronic and complex disease relating to multiple systemic systems. Apart from lowering blood pressure, the final purpose of the treatment lies in reducing the variability of blood pressure and other risk factors. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has a long history of treating hypertension. This study was designed to determine the effect of Liu-Wei-Di-Huang-Fang (L-W-D-H-F), a compound used in traditional Chinese herbal medicine, to treat salt-sensitive hypertension (SSHT) induced by a high-salt and high-fat diet. L-W-D-H-F was prepared from six plant extracts. It was dissolved in 0.9% sodium chloride solution prior to use. Male Sprague-Dawley (6 weeks) rats were randomly divided into four groups: normal diet (CON); HSF (Without Drug Intervention); VAL (Valsartan 13.33 mg/kg/day); and LW (L-W-D-H-F 8.13 g/kg/day). Six weeks after blood pressure treatment, plasma biochemical analyses and histological and functional examination of the kidney were performed. L-W-D-H-F decreased the levels of mean arterial pressure (MAP), fasting blood glucose (FG), insulin (INS), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c), homeostasis model assessment of basal insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and angiotensin II (Ang II) from plasma and Ang II and renin from kidney. It also promoted the excretion of urinary Na(+), reducing the loss of urinary K(+) and microalbuminuria (MAU), and improved the glomerular afferent arteriole, arterioles and each kidney unit. Together, these results suggest that L-W-D-H-F is capable of moderately reducing MAP in salt-sensitive hypertension and can work at different levels on multiple differential targets.

  10. 蓝田瑶族传统婚俗新探%New study on Yao People’s Traditional Wedding Convention in Lantian Marriage Custom of Yao People in Lantian

    穆静; 刘彬彬


    Yao people in Lantian has developed its own unique culture of marriage custom with adapting themselves to the culture of Han people. However,the nature of the marriage custom has been constantly changed as the time moves forward. According to re-search,this paper reveals that the existing description of Lantian marriage custom,such as freedom to choose one’s spouse,details of marriage etiquette,and status of women,is inconsistent with realities and therefore necessary for debating. Besides,some of the main factors that cause the decline of Lantian marriage custom are certain policies in historical periods,impact from the outside world,and gradual decay of its own national awareness. The paper suggests that importance should be attached to the cultivation of the successors of the Lantian marriage custom,more approaches of inheriting the marriage custom be promoted,and tourism resources of national mar-riage custom be exploited in appropriate ways so as to protect and inherit the marriage custom in Lantian.%蓝田瑶族融合汉族文化,形成独具特色的婚俗文化,但传统婚俗随着时代的发展不断发生嬗变。调研发现,已有关于蓝田婚俗的自由恋爱、迎娶礼的细节以及妇女地位等方面的表述,与实际情形有些出入,有商榷的必要。此外,由于历史时期的政策、外界社会的冲击与自身民族意识逐渐薄弱等方面的原因,是蓝田传统婚俗衰落的主因。为此,笔者建议,应重视蓝田婚俗传承人的培养,拓展蓝田婚俗传承途径,合理开发民族婚俗旅游资源,这是保护与传承蓝田传统婚俗的有效途径。

  11. Effects of Compound Yi-Zhi on D-galactose-induced learning and memory deficits in mice

    XUJiang-Ping; WUHang-Yu; LILin


    AIM: To explore the effects of Compound Yi-Zhi (YZC) on learning and memory capacity and free radical metabolism in D-galactose induced mice dementia model. METHODS: The mice dementia model was induced by a daily D-galactose 0.15g/kg sc for 45 days and after 5 days'D-galactose injection, the mice were treated with three doses of YZC

  12. Correlation between renin-angiotensin system gene polymorphisms and essential hypertension in the Chinese Yi ethnic group.

    Yang, Yu-Ling; Mo, Yan-Ping; He, Yong-Shu; Yang, Fang; Xu, Yan; Li, Cheng-Cheng; Wang, Jiao; Reng, Hao-Ming; Long, Li


    The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) has been considered to play an important role in the regulation of blood pressure. This study aimed to investigate the correlation between RAS gene polymorphisms and essential hypertension (EH) in the Chinese Yi ethnic group. A total of 244 EH subjects and 185 normotensive individuals from the Chinese Yi ethnic group were genotyped for AGT M235T (rs699), AT1R A1166C (rs5186), ACE I/D (rs4340) and ACE G2350A (rs4343) polymorphisms by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) method. Significant differences in the allele and genotype frequency of ACE G2350A were observed between the EH cases and controls (p=0.001, 0.002). After being grouped by gender, significant differences in the allele and genotype frequency of ACE G2350A and AT1R A1166C were observed between females of the EH cases and controls (ACE G2350A: p=0.000, 0.002; AT1R A1166C: p=0.008, 0.011). After excluding the influence of multifactorial interactions, the ACE G2350A polymorphism is significantly associated with the pathogenesis of EH in the Chinese Yi ethnic group (odds ratio (OR)=1.656, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.807-2.524, p=0.019). The RAS-related ACE G2350A polymorphism is associated with the pathogenesis of EH in the Chinese Yi ethnic group. © The Author(s) 2015.

  13. Genetic analysis of 15 mtDNA SNP loci in Chinese Yi ethnic group using SNaPshot minisequencing.

    Hu, Chun-Ting; Yan, Jiang-Wei; Chen, Feng; Zhang, Qing-Xia; Wang, Hong-Dan; Yin, Cai-Yong; Fan, Han-Ting; Hu, Ling-Li; Shen, Chun-Mei; Meng, Hao-Tian; Zhang, Yu-Dang; Wang, Hui; Zhu, Bo-Feng


    SNaPshot minisequencing is a rapid and robust methodology based on a single base extension with a labeled ddNTP. The present study detected 15 selected SNPs in the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) control and coding regions by minisequencing methodology using SNaPshot for forensic purpose. The samples were collected from 99 unrelated individuals of the Yi ethnic minority group in Yunnan Province. We have predominantly found high-frequency transitions (91.7%) and a significantly lower frequency of transversions (8.3%). The nt152, 489, 8701, 10,398, 16,183, and 16,362 loci were highly polymorphic, while the nt231, 473 and 581 loci were not polymorphic in the studied population. Based on these 15 SNPs, a total of 28 mtDNA haplotypes were defined in 99 individuals with the haplotype diversity of 0.9136. Also, we compared the mtDNA sequences of Yi group and other 9 populations worldwide and drew a Neighbor-Joining tree based on the shared 12 mtDNA SNP loci, which demonstrated a close relationship between Yi and Bai groups. In conclusion, the analysis of the 15 selected SNPs increases considerably the discrimination power of mtDNA. Moreover, the SNaPshot minisequencing method could quickly detect mtDNA SNPs, and is economical and sensitive. The set of selected 15 SNPs is highly informative and is capable for anthropology genetic analysis. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  14. Regulating effect of TongXie-YaoFang on colonic epithelial secretion via Cl- and HCO3- channel

    Yang, Cheng; Xiong, Ying; Zhang, Sheng-Sheng; An, Fang-Mei; Sun, Jing; Zhang, Qing-Lin; Zhan, Qiang


    AIM To investigate the pharmacological effect of TongXie-YaoFang (TXYF) formula, a Chinese herbal formula, on Diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (D-IBS) rats. METHODS In a neonatal maternal separation plus restraint stress (NMS + RS) model of D-IBS, male Sprague Dawley rats were randomly divided into two groups (NMS + RS group and TXYF-formula group) with no handlings were used as controls (NH group). Starting from postnatal day 60, rats in TXYF-formula group were administered TXYF-formula (4.92 g/100 g bodyweight) orally twice a day for 14 consecutive days while NH group and NMS + RS group were given distilled water. Using short-circuit current technology, we observed 5-HT-induced changes of current across ion channels, such as cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) Cl- channel, epithelial Na+ channel (ENaC), Ca2+-dependent Cl- channel (CACC), Na+-K+-2Cl- co-transporter (NKCC), and Na+-HCO3- co-transporter (NBC), in the colonic epithelium of three groups after exposure to drugs and specific blockers with a Power Lab System (AD Instruments International). RESULTS Under basal conditions, the changes of short-circuit current (∆Isc, µA/cm2) induced by 5-HT were similar in NH group and TXYF-formula group, and both higher than NMS + RS group (70.86 µA/cm2 ± 12.32 µA/cm2, 67.67 µA/cm2 ± 11.68 µA/cm2 vs 38.8 µA/cm2 ± 7.25 µA/cm2, P CFTR Cl- channel was blocked by 1,1-dimethyl piperidinium chloride (DPC), 5-HT-induced ∆Isc did not significantly differ in three groups (42.28 µA/cm2 ± 10.61 µA/cm2 vs 51.48 µA/cm2 ± 6.56 µA/cm2 vs 47.75 µA/cm2 ± 7.99 µA/cm2, P > 0.05, respectively). The similar results could also be obtained in three groups when NBC and NKCC were respectively blocked by their blockers. CONCLUSION TXYF-formula can regulate the Cl- and HCO3- secretion of colonic mucosa via CFTR Cl- channel, Cl-/HCO3- exchanger, NBC and NKCC co-transporters. PMID:28082810

  15. 德国文学里的侨易现象及侨易空间的形成%The Formation of Qiao-yi-phenomenon and Qiao-yi-space in German Literature



    A review of German literature and intellectual history from the perspective of qiaoyi is composed of three levels.The first level is to investigate the image-qiao-yi reflected in the works, including William Masters'learning and wandering era,the Green Henry and the young Werther.The second level is the geographic qiao-yi experience of the authors and even their qiao-yi characteristics such as spiritual wandering,learning while playing and field game.Of this level,Goethe is a representative due to the relationship between the formation of his early ideas and the university system,his association and progress with other celebrities in youth as well as the creative inspiration extracted from oriental literature in his later years.The third level is the civilization thinking based upon transcultural exchange.For instance,by studying the canons and authors we can explore the process and paradigms of multi-cultural interaction of the formation of world civilization.According to the theoretical level of qiao-yiology,the construction of qiao-yi-phenomenon and qiao-yi-space requires an integral field space structure composed of more complicated and dense core concepts. Besides the qiao-yi body,there are the qiao-yi route,qiao-yi condition as well as qiao-yi context (both out and in ) interacting with each other, because qiao-yi happens not because of single dimensional factors, but as a result of the combined function of comprehensive forces. The significance of qiao-yi thinking lies in the openness of the rigid dimension of thinking space.The framework of three-dimensions inclusive of dual structure can help us analyze problems from the integral perspective of liquidity,constancy,mutuality as well as originality.%以侨易视域重审德国文学史和思想史可分为三个层次:第一层次,是考察作品本身反映的意象侨易,诸如《威廉·麦斯特的学习时代》、《威廉·麦斯特的漫游年代》、《绿衣亨利》、《少年维特之烦

  16. A Study on Shear Wave Splitting for the Sequence of the Aftershocks of the Yao'an Ms6.5 Earthquake in Yunnan Province

    Qian Xiaodong; Li Baiji; Qin Jiazheng


    The shear wave splitting study is based on data of the 3-component digital seismograms. This was recorded at 3 sets of stations, which were set up after the Yao'an M_s6.5 earthquake, near its epicenter. The results indicate the following: ①Shear wave splitting has been observed through analyzing 236 aftershock recordings within the shear wave window. ②The time delay was mostly in the range of 3.5~10.5ms/km and the average was 7.0ms/km.③The polarization direction of the fast split S-wave was mostly in the range of N140°E~N164°E and the average was N152.4°E. ④The preferred polarization direction for the fast shear wave was different from the direction of the seismogenic structure of the mainshock (Maweijing fault) and the direction of the rupture of the aftershocks, but similar to the principal compressional amis of the regional stress field. ⑤Shear wave splitting for sequence of the aftershocks of the Yao'an earthuake was the result of anisotropy of EDA cracks controlled by stress field.

  17. Study on meridians and collaterals through ying-qi and wei-qi%体验营卫论经脉



    Assisted with inference, and approved by the ancient medical classics, it is concluded that meridians and collaterals are often felt in the form of qi through imitation of the methods of life experiencing of the ancient people. Ying-qi is considered as jing-qi (meridian qi), which originates from the experiences of respiration. And wei-qi relates with experiences of sleep. Part of meridian theory originated from the traditional Chinese thought of seeking the internal cause but not the external manifestations, and paying attention to the self-adjustment, accomplishment and comprehension. It is also believed that the theory of ying-qi traveling inside the meridians and wei-qi outside the meridians is based on the theory that needling sensation has close relationship with wei-qi.%效仿古人采用的体验、感受生命的方法,辅以推理,证之以古代医学典籍,结果认为经脉常以气的形式被感受到.营气即经气,它源于对呼吸的体验,而卫气则与感受睡眠有关.经脉理论部分来自于中国传统的求诸内而不求诸外、重视生命修为和感悟的思维形式."营在脉中,卫在脉外"的理论建立在针刺"得气"来自卫气的基础之上.

  18. Clinical Observation on Insomnia Treated by Wei-Defensive Qi-Regulating and Brain-Strengthening Needling Technique

    GAO Xi-yan; LI Xing-rui; MA Qiao-lin; ZHAO Xin-ji; SHAO Su-ju; WEI Yu-long; SUN Wei-xia; HANG Guo-qi


    In order to make a report on 90 cases of insomnia treated by the Wei-defensive qi-regulating and brain-strengthening needling technique,as a clinical subject of the multiple center,for assessing the preliminary standardized indications and operating methods and making an initial summary for writing the draft of the technique operation.Methods:By ratio of 1:1,the patients in conformity with the criteria were randomly divided into the experimental group and control group.In the experimental group,45 cases were treated with the Wei-defensive qi-regulating and brain-strengthening needling technique on Baihui (GV 20),Dazhui(GV 14),Shenmai(BL 62),Zhaohai(KI 6),plus ear points.In the control group,45 cases were treated with routine acupuncture on Sishencong(Ex-HN 1),Shenmen (HT 7),Sanyinjiao(SP 6),etc.The therapeutic effects in the two groups were observed and assessed in comparison.Results:The results showed cure in 15 cases.remarkable effect in 27 cases,effect in 42 cases,failure in 6 cases,and the total eriective rate in 94.4% in 90 cases of insomnia.In the three centers,the statistic management was performed based upon PSQI integral and showed significant difference(P<0.01),and no significant difference among various groups(P>0.01).Conclusion:The therapeutic effect in the treatment of insomnia by Wei-defensive qi-regulating and brain-strengthening needling technique is better than the control group and the therapeutic effect and methods in various centers are stable.without any deviation.

  19. "魏晋文学自觉说"反思%Reflections on "literary awareness in Wei and Jin Dynasties"



    日本学者铃木虎雄首倡的"魏晋文学自觉说"并不是一个科学的论断."汉代文学自觉说"是对"魏晋文学自觉说"的一个有力挑战,从汉魏以来"功利主义"与"文学自觉"、汉人的"个体意识"与抒情文学的关系来看,促进汉魏以来中国中古文学发展变化的根本原因是秦汉社会制度的变革、文人阶层的出现及其特殊的文化心态,以及他们对于文学的基本态度.以此为基础,可以清晰地看到从汉到唐的中国文学的演变轨迹."魏晋文学自觉说"不能全面地描述中国中古文学的发展过程,它影响了我们对于中国文学发展规律和本质特征的认识,因而在中国中古文学研究中不适宜使用"文学自觉"这一概念.%Literary awareness in the Wei and Jin Dynasties (Wei Chao 魏朝 CE 220-265; Jin Chao 晋朝 CE 265-420), as first proposed by Suzuki Torao, is not a "scientific" argument. From the relationships between "practicalism" and "literary awareness" as well as "individualism" and "lyric literature" in the Han (Han Chao 汉朝 BCE 206-CE 220) and Wei Dynasties, it can be seen that the fundamental drive of medieval literature was the social changes taking place during these dynasties, the emergence of the literati as a social stratum, and their attitude towards literature. The concept of "literary awareness in the Wei and Jin Dynasties" cannot describe the literary development in medieval China. As it misunderstands the essential characteristics in the development of Chinese literature, it should be discarded.

  20. Identification of Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA Markers Linked to Sex Determination in Calamus simplicifolius C. F. Wei

    Hua YANG; Si-Ming GAN; Guang-Tian YIN; Huang-Can XU


    The random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) molecular marker technique was used to determine the sex of Calamus simplicifolius C. F. Wei In the present study, DNA samples were extracted individually from 10 male and 10 female plants. After a total of 1 040 decamer primers had been tested, an approximate 500-bp male-specific DNA fragment was generated with the S1443 primer. It is feasible to identify sex at the early stages of plant life, which is beneficial for improving breeding programs of this dioecious species. In addition, we have obtained a proper RAPD protocol that is useful for other species of rattan.

  1. Quantitative contribution of climate change and human activities to runoff changes in the Wei River basin, China

    C. S. Zhan; S. S. Jiang; F. B. Sun; Y. W. Jia; C. W. Niu; W. F. Yue


    Surface runoff from the Wei River basin, the largest tributary of the Yellow River in China, has dramatically decreased over last 51 years from 1958 to 2008. Climate change and human activities have been identified as the two main reasons for the decrease in runoff. The study period is split into two sub-periods (1958–1989 and 1990–2008) using the Mann–Kendall jump test. This study develops an improved climate elasticity method based on the original climate elasticity method...

  2. Analysis of baseflow index based hydrological model in Upper Wei River basin on the Loess Plateau in China

    Liu, D; Chang, J.; Tian, F.; Q. Huang; X. Meng


    The baseflow is the drainage from the groundwater and soil water to the streamflow. As one important source of the streamflow, the baseflow could be the main source of the streamflow in the dry season. The Wei River, located in the semi-arid region of the Loess Plateau which is overlain by deep and loose soil, is the largest tributary of the Yellow River. According to former research, most of the streamflow in the dry season in the headwater of the Yellow River is baseflow. For the whole Yell...

  3. 彝族火崇拜文化%Fire Rituals Culture of Yi People



    火是彝族一个重要的自然崇拜对象。自从火在生活中产生非凡的作用,人们对火更加深了神奇之感。特别是对于已产生各种巫术观念和宗教信仰的人类来说,火不仅仅是一种人们在现实生活中离不开的自然力,而且是人们心目中的一种神异的灵物。火神也随之登上神坛,并产生了很多敬火、祭火及祭火神、送火鬼习俗。%The fire is an important natural ritual object of Yi people.From the time of fire plying the uncommon effect in life of people,people increase the magical feeling to it.Especial for human being with kinds of witchcraft conceptions and religious belief,the fire is not only a necessary natural force for the real life of people,but also a supernatural thing in the mind of people.The god of fire mounts the altar,the customs of respect for fire,sacrifice for fire,sacrifice for god of fire and sending the ghost of fire come into being.

  4. East vergent structure of Backbone Range: Insights from A-Lan-Yi area and sandbox modeling

    Lee, C. A.; Lu, C. Y.


    Southern Taiwan, including Pingtung peninsula and Taitung, is the incipient oblique collision zone of Eurasian plate and Philippine Sea plate. The Luzon volcanic arc converged toward Taiwan Island and formed Hengchun Ridge south offshore Taiwan. Thus, Taiwan mountain belt developed from north to south as the Backbone Range, so that we can infer the incipient feature structure from the topography and outcrop study of southern Taiwan. Our field survey of this study concentrated at the southeast coastline of Taiwan, also known as A-Lan-Yi Trail. According to previous study, the deformational structures such as faults and folds are consistent with regional kinematic processes, and the preserved transpression structure is the most important evidence of incipient collision. In this study, we use the sedimentary sequences of study area to trace the regional tectonics from north to south. Discovered structures in this area show the similar kinematic history as the eastern flank of Backbone Range, so that we suggest they are at the same series of a tectonic event. To complete the regional structure mapping in this accessible area, besides the field geological data, we also applied the LiDAR-derived DTM which is a 3D visualization technology to improve our topography information. In addition, we use the sandbox modeling to demonstrate the development of structures in the eastern flank of Backbone Range. After combining the results of field observation and regional structure mapping, this study provides a strong evidence of backthrusting and backfolding deformation during the incipient oblique collision stage.

  5. Superman Yao Ming




  6. 论整合连南瑶族自治县传统文化符号体系的重要性%Discussion on the importance of integrating traditional cultural symbolism in Liannan Yao Autonomous County



    Based on analysis the characteristic of the traditional cuhure in Liannan Yao Autonomous County, associate with the reality of local tourist industry developing slowly, then draw a conclusion that the symbols of the Yao national cuhure are confusion, which affects development of Liannan, consequently, it comes up with the importance of integrating symbol systems of traditional culture in Liannan Yah Autonomous County. This paper analyzes some advices about how to integrate the symbols of the Yao national culture, including Diet, Dress, traditional entertainment, architecture, title, etc, in order to provide reference for economic sustainable development of Liannan Yao Autonomous County.%对连南瑶族自治县文化特色的分析说明,当地旅游业发展缓慢的原因在于连南瑶族传统文化符号并未突显出来,因此亟需整合连南瑶族传统文化符号体系。本文提出从饮食、服饰、风俗娱乐、建筑、称谓等方面整合排瑶传统文化符号的建议,可为连南瑶族自治县经济的可持续发展提供参考。

  7. 粤北瑶族文化中的生态精神及其启示%The Ecological Spirit and Inspiration of Yao Culture in Northern Guangdong Province



    粤北过山瑶和排瑶的传统文化,蕴含着尊重他者的“客民”意识、崇尚“和合”的共生期盼、眷恋故园的返乡情结。这一文化特色体现了作为山地丛林民族的瑶族在处理人与自然、人与社会、肉体与灵魂关系问题上的质朴的生态智慧。瑶族文化中的生态精神,可以为当前山区的生态文化建设提供一种本土精神资源的支持。%Traditional culture of Guoshan Yao and Pai Yao in northern Guangdong province contains a “guest Hakka”consciousness of respect for otherness, a symbiotic expectation of advocating “harmony”and strong feeling of returning home. This cultural characteristic reflects pristine ecological wisdom of Yao as mountainous jungle group in dealing with the relationship between people and nature, man and society, body and soul. Ecological spirit of Yao's culture can provide spiritual support for local ecological culture development in northern Guangdong .

  8. Smoky coal exposure, NBS1 polymorphisms, p53 protein accumulation, and lung cancer risk in Xuan Wei, China

    Lan, Q.; Shen, M.; Berndt, S.I.; Bonner, M.R.; He, X.Z.; Yeager, M.; Welch, R.; Keohavong, P.; Donahue, M.; Hainaut, P.; Chanock, S. [DHHS, Bethesda, MD (United States). Occupational & Environmental Epidemiology Branch


    Lung cancer rates in Xuan Wei County are among the highest in China and have been associated with exposure to indoor smoky coal emissions that contain high levels of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). The NBS1 gene product participates in DNA double-strand break repair and DNA damage-induced checkpoint activation, which are critical for maintaining genomic integrity. The p53 tumor suppressor gene is known to play key roles both in the maintenance of genomic stability in mammalian cells and in DNA damage surveillance. We examined the association between two common NBS1 polymorphisms (Leu34Leu, GLn185Glu) and lung cancer risk in a population-based case-control study in Xuan Wei, China. Individuals homozygous for the NBS1 34Leu or NBS1 185Glu variants were found to have an increased risk of lung cancer (odds ratio (OR) 2.15, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.91-5.10 and OR 2.53, 95% CI: 1.05-6.08, respectively). A haplotype containing the variant alleles from both NBS1 SNPs was associated with increased risk of lung cancer compared with the most common haplotype. Further, the associations were particularly pronounced among cases with over expression of p53 protein. These results suggest that NBS1 could be important in the pathogenesis of lung cancer in this population. However, additional studies in other populations with substantial environmental exposures to PAHs are needed to confirm our findings.

  9. 浅析韦庄词中的思乡情结%On the Homesick in Wei Zhuang's Poetry



    Huajian School appeared in the Late Tang to Five Dynasties, Weizhuang only with fresh simple but elegant known, stood in"Flower Room", described as a case of pronouns. Under very elegant sense of style, and Wei always contains a strong and sincere emotion, especially as the representative words homesickness. Since ancient times, from a nostalgic vein runs through the entire history of Chinese literature, Wei Zhuang among repeatedly chant, inherited and deepened the Chinese lit-erati of this unique complex, a chant three sigh, lingering finish.%晚唐至五代时期出现的花间词派中,韦庄独以清新简雅著称,鹤立《花间》,可谓一代词宗。极富飘逸感的文风之下,韦庄词中始终蕴含着强烈而真挚的情感,尤以思乡词为代表。乡愁自古而来一脉贯穿整个中国文学史,韦庄在反复吟咏间,继承并深化了这种中国文人士大夫所特有的情结,一咏三叹,余韵悠长。

  10. Quantitative contribution of climate change and human activities to runoff changes in the Wei River basin, China

    Zhan, C. S.; Jiang, S. S.; Sun, F. B.; Jia, Y. W.; Niu, C. W.; Yue, W. F.


    Surface runoff from the Wei River basin, the largest tributary of the Yellow River in China, has dramatically decreased over last 51 years from 1958 to 2008. Climate change and human activities have been identified as the two main reasons for the decrease in runoff. The study period is split into two sub-periods (1958-1989 and 1990-2008) using the Mann-Kendall jump test. This study develops an improved climate elasticity method based on the original climate elasticity method, and conducts a quantitative assessment of the impact of climate change and human activities on the runoff decrease in the Wei River basin. The results from the original climate elasticity method show that climatic impacts contribute 37-40% to the decrease in runoff, while human impacts contribute 60-63%. In contrast, the results from the improved climate elasticity method yield a climatic contribution to runoff decrease of 22-29% and a human contribution of 71-78%. A discussion of the simulation reliability and uncertainty concludes that the improved climate elasticity method has a better mechanism and can provide more reasonable results.

  11. 东汉道教易学的形成和发展%The Formation and Development of Taoist Yi-ology in the Late Eastern Han Dynasty

    张涛; 王荣优


    东汉后期,政治腐败,社会黑暗.伴随着日益严重的社会危机.道教迅速形成并发展起来.和作为易道融合的典范,十分重视借鉴易学思想构建其道教理论.继承和发挥之道,提出了一系列易学思想,形成了独具特色的道教易学,同时对易学的转型和发展也起到了积极的推动作用.%In the late stage of Eastern Han Dynasty, the society was in the darkness. Accompanied by an increasingly serious social crisis,Taoism rapidly formed and developed. As a model for integration of Yi-ology and Taoism, Taipingjing and Zhouyi Cantongqi attached great importance to learn Yi-ology to build their idea of Taoism theory. They inherited and exerted Yi-ology,formatted a series of unique idea of Taoist Yi-ology. And from another point of view, it was one of the important strength which promoted the progress of Yi-ology.

  12. Features of Female Clothing and Their Cultural Causes of Ethnic Yao in Yun 'nan%湖南瑶族女性的服饰特征及其文化成因

    肖宇强; 肖琼琼


    Ethnic Yao has originated and been staying in Hu'nan. Though they are descendants of the same ancestor, female clothing displays different styles and features. Female Yao living in mountains like to wear brocades, circumference hats and plain dresses, while Yao wearing huge shelving are of great imposing manner. Yao living on flat grounds wear headcloth, indigo clothes and patterned aprons, while Yao wearing colorful hats like to wear colorful ribbons, and cross-switch tight skirts. The cultural differences of these clothes are caused by local climate, ecology, national traditions and believes, propitious connotations and influences from advanced culture.%瑶族自古以来就长期生息于湖南境内,虽起源于同一祖先,但是分布于湖南各地区的瑶族女性服饰却呈现出迥然不同的风格与特征:高山瑶女性披织锦、戴围帽,服饰简洁素雅;顶板瑶女性头顶"大排架",气势庞大;平地瑶女性裹包头巾、穿青蓝衣、花围裙,朴实平和;花瑶女性戴花帽、缠五色丝带、着挑花筒裙,华丽多姿.这些服饰的文化成因主要受到当地生态气候环境、民族传统信仰、吉祥寓意观念和外来先进文化的影响,展现了我国少数民族独特的审美情趣、工艺技巧和文化内涵.

  13. YI Kwang Su's Love and history records of modern hospital under the japanese colonial period.

    Lee, Byoung Hoon


    This article aims to evaluate and analyze the description of the modern hospital as history record, which appeared in YI Kwang Su's novel Love. This novel has mentioned in detail western style clinic, Bukgando Catholic hospital, tuberculosis sanitarium as its main space. Modern hospitals are depicted in the novel has a great significance in historical aspect as well as in literary aspect. The most data on modern hospital is laws, statistics and newspaper archives. These materials are a great help to understand the history and status of the modern hospital. Literary description here is important materials, that specific to reconstruct the appearance of the modern hospital at that time. Literary representations infuse life into the history record. In this regard, Love has special meaning in the history of Korean modern literature. Before anything else, doctor AN Bin's clinic as a first space of the novel vividly shows the reality of the Western style clinic and a general practitioner under the colonial period. The establishment of the hospital was based on 「Rules on private hospital」 declared by the Japanese Government General of Korea in 1919. According to this Rules, a private clinic's founder had to submit the documents to the director of police affairs, in which all the details were written. It included name of hospital, site location and size, floor plan of a nearby building, each size of patient's rooms, number of steps and emergency exit, bath, toilet, disinfecting room. AN Bin's clinic was a private hospital with the requirements in the rules. The descriptions of this clinic re-created real situation of private hospitals, specifically scale of hospital, interior space, conditions of patient's room at the time. The second modern hospital in the novel is Bukgando Catholic hospital. There is a lot more materials on medical activity and hospital of protestant churches than we thought. But we do not have a lot of information on catholic church's medical

  14. Partial AZFc duplications not deletions are associated with male infertility in the Yi population of Yunnan Province, China

    Jun-jie YE; Li MA; Li-juan YANG; Jin-huan WANG; Yue-li WANG; Hai GUO; Ning GONG


    There are many reports on associations between spermatogenesis and partial azoospermia factor c (AZFc) deletions as well as duplications; however,results are conflicting,possibly due to differences in methodology and ethnic background.The purpose of this study is to investigate the association of AZFc polymorphisms and male infertility in the Yi ethnic population,residents within Yunnan Province,China.Methods:A total of 224 infertile patients and 153 fertile subjects were selected in the Yi ethnic population.The study was performed by sequence-tagged site plus/minus (STS+/-) analysis followed by gene dosage and gone copy definition analysis.Y haplotypes of 215 cases and 115 controls were defined by 12 binary markers using single nucleotide polymorphism on Y chromosome (Y-SNP) multiplex assays based on single base primer extension technology.Results:The distribution of Y haplotypes was not significantly different between the case and control groups.The frequencies of both gr/gr (7.6% vs.8.5%) and b2/b3 (6.3% vs.8.5%) deletions do not show significant differences.Similarly,single nucleotide variant (SNV) analysis shows no significant difference of gene copy definition between the cases and controls.However,the frequency of partial duplications in the infertile group (4.0%) is significantly higher than that in the control group (0.7%).Further,we found a case with sY1206 deletion which had two CDY1 copies but removed half of DAZ genes.Conclusions:Our results show that male infertility is associated with partial AZFc duplications,but neither gr/gr nor b2/b3 deletions,suggesting that partial AZFc duplications rather than deletions are risk factors for male infertility in Chinese-Yi population.

  15. Regional Studies:External Cognition and Emphasizing Subjectiveness:Taking the Tibetan-Qiang-Yi Corridor as an Example

    Zhang Xi


    The“Tibetan -Yi corridor”is a concept constructed by FeiXiaotong and empha-sized by him during the late 1970s and 1980s. In 2011 ,it was replaced with“Tibetan-Qiang-Yi corridor”,a concept which is regarded to conform more to the historical reality. Actually,the earliest research on ethnic corridors largely relied on the earlier research of foreign missionaries who preached their religion in the western part of Si-chuan. It could be said that the missionaries’ re-search on the Qiang opened up the research of the ethnic corridor ,and gradually expanded it to the entire area of western China. Due to the efforts of the missionaries,who received the western formal academic training,there was research that went beyond the study of the feudal dynasties of China to the ethnic minority areas. Since the 1930s,follow-ing the research trends of“the frontier science”( bianjiangxue)and“the frontier political studies”( bianzhengxue),and with China’s local intellectu-al elites’ following up,and especially with the in-vestigations and research findings of the scholars from West China Union University and the Frontier Research Society,the external contours and the knowledge on the internal society,history,cul-ture,and language of the“Tibetan -Qiang -Yi corridor”deepened. These concepts and research results all came from outside the corridor while the society and culture from inside the corridor only provided research data.

  16. 白裤瑶蚕丝文化的教育价值%Education Values of Silk Culture in Baiku Yao Ethnic Group

    谭莉; 蒋立松


    白裤瑶蚕丝文化体现了日常生活中教人向"学",教人向"善",对性别角色的塑造与强化,对生命的认识与思考,孝道教育的继承与发扬等教育价值。这种具有生命力的本土化教育是民族教育的旨归所在。%The silk culture in Baiku Yao ethnic group is a representation of such education values as teaching people to be studious and kind,molding and intensifying the sexual roles,recognition of and reflection on life,inheriting and carrying on the filial duty,etc.Such localized education with vitality should be the ultimate goal of ethnic education.

  17. New Discoveries on the Ru Yao Site at Qingliangsi,Baofeng%宝丰清凉寺汝窑遗址的新发现

    河南省文物考古研究所; 平顶山市文物管理委员会办公室; 宝丰县文物保护管理所


    The Ru kiln site at Qingliangsi in Baofeng county, Henan province has been a focus in the field of pottery and porcelain studies since it was discovered in 1987. In 2000, 500 square meters were excavated and many kilns, workshops, pits, lots of materials related to porcelain making and firing and porcelains have been found. Among those findings of the porcelains, those sky blue ones making for the imperial family occupies 98%. The excavation has proved that the official Ru kiln (Ru Guan Yao) was located at this site and the workshop and some other materials have provided important information for the study of the development of the Ru kiln of the Song Dynasty.

  18. Study on excitation of the two-tone acoustic characteristic of the chime bell of Marquis Yi of Zeng by finite element method

    ZHANG Huai; YAN ZhenZhen; YANG ChangChun; SHI YaoLin


    The bronze chime bells of Marquis Yi of Zeng are precious cultural relics of China.The bells have a two-tone acoustic characteristic, i.e., striking different parts of the bell generates different tones.In this study, we use a finite element method to simulate the propagation of elastic waves and the generation of free oscillations of the bell.Vibrations with different spectral characteristics can be obtained by striking different parts of the chime bell of Marquis Yi of Zeng.By the observation of the vibration design and through spectral analysis, we further help the understanding of the two-tone acoustic characteristic of the chime bell of Marquis Yi of Zeng.

  19. 熊、唐、牟论意分疏%Xiong Shili, Tang Junyi and Mou Zongsan’s Discussion on yi



    提20世纪中叶,熊十力、唐君毅和牟宗三等新儒家学者集中讨论了《大学》“诚意”的解释问题,推进了宋明理学关于诚意问题的探讨。熊十力对于诚意的解释基本从阳明“身之主宰便是心,心之所发便是意,意之本体便是知”发展出他的“知体意用”论,并界定“意”为只能为善,不能为恶,去除了阳明“意”之恶的一面。牟宗三介于熊十力和唐君毅之间,他的意论以阳明学的立场、对形上形下的区隔和反情识的态度都继承了乃师的观点,而对于知、意、物的关系问题,念的问题等则有独特见解,构成自己的理论体系。唐君毅在乃师的基础上观点有所保留,他特重从工夫的方面客观梳理“意”概念在宋明理学中的发展,比较赞同蕺山的“诚意”说,并着力解释蕺山情意互释的部分,修正熊十力的观点。%In the mid-twentieth century, a discussion between several Neo-Confucianism scholars Xiong Shili, Tang Junyi and Mou Zongsan fo-cused on the interpretation of making the will authentic or sincere ( cheng-yi) of the Great Learning ( Daxue) , which deepened the disscussion about cheng-yi from Song to ming Dynasty.Xiong’s interpretation of cheng-yi based upon Wang Yangming’s doctrine ”the master of body is heart and mind ( xin) , the stirrings of heart and mind are yi, the substance of yi is con-science ( zhi)”, and developed the thought of“conscience is substance and yi is function” ( zhi-ti yi-yong) .Furthermore, he defined will ( yi) as what can only do good and can not do evil, thus removed the evil side from the meaning of Wang Yangming’s concept of yi.Mou’s viewpoint is between those of Xiong and Tang.He inherited his mentor Xiong’s learning from the aspects of keeping proposition based on the position of Wang Yangming, diferentiating metaphsics and immetaphysics and opposing the importance of emotions ( qing) , while he

  20. [Effects of nao yi-an granule on hemorheological indexes and RCD (erythrocyte deformability) in patients with hemorrhagic stroke].

    Liang, Q; Li, X; Zhang, H


    The effects of Nao Yi-an granule(Chinese medicine group, CMG) and western medicine (western medicine group, WMG) on hemorheological indexes and red cell deformability(RCD) were investigated in 40 patients with hemorrhagic stroke. The results showed that whole blood relative viscosity(high and low shear), whole blood reduced viscosity(high shear), plasma relative viscosity and RCD were significantly elevated before the treatment in both group than those of the control group(P RCD, improvement of blood perfusion of brain tissue, protection of brain tissue and improved clinical in patients with hemorrhagic stroke.

  1. 云南彝族体育舞蹈浅论%On Yunnan Yi Ethnic Sports Dance



    This paper use of literature,comparative law,logic analysis,Yi DanceSport defined based on the characteristics of trends range of issues were discussed,from the history,religion,folk tales and legends vision.The research thinks that: Closely integrated with the traditional art,the original religious influence and in the original religious festival with traditional folk heritage is the Yi DanceSport two prominent characteristics;the Yi Dance Sport from the original religion of utilitarian transcend yourself,breaking amuse,worship of false imprisonment,back to myself and others,the normal track of entertaining people,the future is bound to evolve to a higher level of fitness,athletics,art;accompanied Yi Dance Sport benign,there are also a series of problems to be solved.%文章运用文献资料法、比较法、逻辑分析法等,从历史学、宗教学及民间故事与传说视野,对彝族体育舞蹈的界定依据、特点、发展趋势等系列问题进行了探讨。研究认为:与传统文艺紧密结合、受原始宗教影响并在原始宗教祭祀活动与传统民俗中传承是彝族体育舞蹈的两大突出特点;彝族体育舞蹈已从原始宗教的功利中超脱出来,冲破娱神、祭祀的禁锢,重新回到自娱、娱人的正常轨道,未来必将向健身、竞技、艺术的更高层次演进;伴随着彝族体育舞蹈的良性发展,也存在着一系列亟待解决的问题。

  2. On 't Hooft-Polyakov Monopole, Julia-Zee Dyon, and Higgs Field, throughout the Generalized Bogomoln'yi Equations

    Glinka, Lukasz Andrzej


    In this paper, making use of the 't Hooft-Polyakov-Julia-Zee ansatz for the SU(2) Yang-Mills-Higgs gauge field theory, we present the straightforward generalization of the Bogomoln'yi equations and its several consequences. Particularly, this is shown that this idea is able to generate new types of non-abelian both dyons and magnetic monopoles and, moreover, that within the new model the scalar field can be described through the Coulomb potential, whereas, up to a constant, the non-abelian gauge field becomes the Wu-Yang monopole.

  3. A Discussion of Witchcraft Incident from the Perspective of Rebellion of Prince Wei%从卫太子起兵反叛谈巫蛊之祸



    The witchcraft incident was a significant event which occurred in Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty . Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty did not want to kill Prince Wei before Prince Wei rebelled , until Prince Wei reb-elled, Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty ordered to kill Prince Wei , and it sparked a continuing unrest within the ruling class.The prosperity of the Han Dynasty had gone , starting a political situation of rehabilitation .%巫蛊之祸是汉武帝末年发生的重大事件。汉武帝在卫太子举兵反叛之前并未有诛杀太子之意,直至太子起兵反叛,武帝才下令诛杀,并由此引发了统治阶级内部的持续动荡。汉朝盛世局面一去不复返,由此开始了休养生息的政局。

  4. Impact of LUCC on streamflow based on the SWAT model over the Wei River basin on the Loess Plateau in China

    H. Wang


    impact on both soil flow and baseflow by compensating for reduced surface runoff, which leads to a slight increase in the streamflow in the Wei River with the mixed landscapes on the Loess Plateau that include earth–rock mountain area.

  5. 再谈王维“窃”李嘉佑诗%A Second Talk on Wang Wei "Stealing" the Poem of Li Jiayou



    Wang Wei "stealing" the poem of Li Jiayou has been an issue deserving the continuous study of later generations .Four main viewpoints have been formed in the long-term discussion since Tang Dynasty :Wang Wei "stealing"the poem of Li Jiayou ,Wang Wei not "stealing"the poem of Li Jiayou ,Li Jiayou "stealing"the poem of Wang Wei ,and Wang Li creating the poem separately .To judge the above view-points ,we have to make three questions clear :first of all ,the birth years of Wang Wei and Li Jiayou ;sec-ondly ,w hen Wang Wei created Snow in Wangchuan Village ;and lastly ,is it possible for Li Youjia to cre-ate such a poem .After the above analysis ,the article draws a conclusion that Wang Wei did not "steal"the poem of Li Jiayou .%王维“窃”李嘉佑诗,是唐人留给后人一个值得不断研究的问题。自唐以来,对它的讨论从未停止,在长期的讨论中形成了四种主要观点:王维“窃”李嘉佑诗;王维非“窃”李嘉佑诗;李嘉佑“窃”王维诗;王李各有此句诗。要判断以上观点,就需要研究清楚三个问题:其一、王维、李嘉佑生年问题;其二、王维创作《积雨辋川庄》的时间问题;其三、李嘉佑有没有可能创作出这样的诗句。并可借以认定,王维非“窃”李嘉佑诗。

  6. 彝文文献记载的云南西部彝族谱系%The Pedigree of Yi People in West of Yunnan Province Recorded in Yi Language Document

    王继超; 王明贵; 王明亮


    在云南省的西部,从商周到秦汉时期,活动着一个起源于什勺氏,而彝文献称之为“蒙确舍”彝族先民的集团,称作“格沓部”的哀牢九夷是其中的重要组成部分之一。什勺、米靡、武僰氏祖的加入“,六祖”系各支的汇入,使这一族群集团愈发壮大,为后来的南诏统一祖国的西南边陲奠定了坚实的基础。%In west of Yunnan, from Shang-zhou to Qin-han period, there live an ancestor group of Yi peo⁃ple originated from Shishao family as called Mengqueshe in Yi language document, Ailaojiuyi as called Geta tribe is one of the important parts.With the joining of Shishao, Mimi and the ancestor of Wubo family and com⁃bination of the branches of the Six ancestors, this group becomes bigger and bigger, establishing a stable foun⁃dation for the unification of southwest border by the latter Nanzhao.

  7. The Power of the Yi’ s Traditional Custom-Belief and Environmental Protection in the Yi Area

    LUO Qu


    The folk customs of an ethnic group are their living and spiritual culture which were created , inherited , and enjoyed by genera-tions of that group .It has a function in the educa-tion, norms , unity, regulations, aesthetics, etc. of the group .The function of regulations is reflec-ted in three aspects:1 ) regulating the relations of human beings; 2 ) regulating individual psychol-ogy; and 3 ) regulating the relations between man and nature .Seen from the perspective of current environmental protection , the most important con-tent found in the regulations of the relations be-tween the man and nature is protecting the environ-ment through specific behavior , and promoting the importance of environmental protection through specific behavior or public form . Many ethnic groups in the world have flood myths.There are many reasons for the creation of flood myths .However , one aspect is clear - the cause of the flood reflects a kind of concept linked with the culture of man .For example , the cause of the flood in the Bible was that God saw that mankind lost its morality and people did not re-ceive him kindly .The causes of the flood myth a-mong the various Yi branches are different .Among them one cause was that humans reclaimed land excessively, therefore, the leader of the heavenly deities created a flood to punish them .For exam-ple, the flood myth popular in the Yi area of Guizhou connects the cause and effect of the peo-ple’ s intensive farming with the flood .If we in-terpret this myth within the context of environmen-tal protection , we will reach a different conclusion which goes beyond its former meaning . In the Yi’ s traditional society , in addition to the education of environmental protection in the form of literature , there are also rituals which play a function in environmental protection .Seen from xinan yizhi ( Southwest Yi History ) and a large number of ancient Yi classics , as well as the folk-lore among the Yi society , there are a lot of

  8. 宝鸡市渭河流域绿化治理探讨%Landscape Afforestation along the Wei River

    刘锦国; 赵宗林


    Based on the investigation along the Wei River, five landscape afforestation programs were developed, landscape corridor along the embankment road, protective afforestation along the embank- ment, parks along the river, slope afforestation, landscape afforestation in the villages, townships and mines along the river. The technical programs also were developed.%本文通过对渭河宝鸡段的实地考察,因地制宜地制定了渭河沿岸堤顶公路景观长廊、沿岸护堤林带、河道绿地公园、两岸直观坡面、两岸近村、镇、厂矿5种绿化治理方案,并选择了造林树种和配置方法,提出了相应的技术措施。

  9. WeiLing Tang in Treating 53 Cases of Acne%胃苓汤治疗痤疮53例

    周荣; 彭琪; 张敏


    目的:观察胃苓汤治疗痤疮的临床疗效。方法:将102例痤疮患者随机分为2组,治疗组53例采用胃苓汤加味治疗,1剂/d,水煎分服;对照组49例采用西药维A酸乳膏治疗。2组均连用6周,观察疗效,并于治疗前后记录痤疮皮疹数目。结果:总有效率治疗组为90.6%,对照组为75.5%,2组比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论:透热除湿法治疗痤疮有良好疗效。%Objective:To survey clinical effects of WeiLing Tang in the treatment for acne. Methods:All 102 patients were randomly separated to two groups, 53 cases of the treatment group took modified WeiLing Tang, one dose per day, water decocted;49 cases of the control group were given with tretinoin cream. Both groups were treat-ed for six weeks, curative effects were observed, the numbers of acnes and rash were recorded before and after treat-ing. Results:Total effective rate of the treatment group was 90.6%, higher than 75.5%of the control group, the dif-ference showed statistical meaning (P<0.05). Conclusion:The method of heat-penetration and dampness-eliminat-ing is effective in treating acne.

  10. 论谭毅诗歌的拓扑学结构%On the Topology of Tan Yi's Poems



    谭毅的诗歌写作与国内当代女性诗歌写作有着极为鲜明的差异,其诗歌的重心一是致力于绘制“家族记忆”的拓扑学,以实现对当前场所精神沦丧的思考,二是致力于进行“语言”的拓扑学实验,以拓展诗歌写作的界域。用“拓扑学”的概念来从家族、记忆和语言三个方面分析谭毅的诗歌,乃是查看此种写作路向为当下诗歌写作提供的可能性以及潜在的问题。%Tan Yi's poetry writing has a very distinct difference with other contemporary female's. On one hand, she is committed to drawing the topology of family-memory for thinking about the lost of genius loci, on the other hand, she is committed to exploring the topology of language for expanding the precincts of writing. In the paper, using the concept of "topology" to analyze Tan Yi's poem from family, memory and language, to understand the value of her writing will be my motivation,also think about the problems that may exist.

  11. 诺苏彝语双音节长音合成词%Su Yi language double syllable long words



    诺苏彝语(彝语北部方言)中有一种语音、构词和语义都有别于一般双音节动词、名词和形容词的双音节长音合成动词、名词和形容词;而以往的诺苏彝语研究根本没有重视对这些双音节长音合成词的研究,本论文深入研究双音节长音合成动词、名词、形容词的语音、构词及其语义。%Yi in the northern dialect has a voice, word formation and semantics are different from general double syllable verbs, nouns and adjectives of double syllable long sound synthesis of verbs, nouns and adjectives;Past of Su Yi language study didn't pay attention to the study of the double syllable words long notes, this thesis further study of double syllable long sound synthesis of verbs, nouns, adjectives pronunciation, word formation and semantics.

  12. 王安忆的女性主义建构策略%Wang An-yi feminist construct strategies



    随着女性主义理论在中国的传播与发展,以王安忆为代表的一大批女性作家用自己的作品来表达她们对女性主义的认识和感知.本文就以王安忆的创作为例,从她对女性主义的建构策略来探究她在创作过程中对女性主义理论的利用和摒弃.%With the spread of feminist theory and development in China, Wang An-yi, represented by a large number of women writers with their works to express their feminist awareness and perception. This paper focuses on the creation of Wang An-yi, for example, from her feminist construct strategies to explore her use of feminist theory and abandoned in the creative process.

  13. 彝族创世史诗《勒俄特衣》中的朴素唯物主义思想*--兼谈与西方宗教经典《圣经》的比较%The Simple Materialism in Le’e TeYi--the Creation Epic of Yi Nationality--And the Discussion on the Comparison between Le’e Te Yi and the Western Religious Classics--Bible



    大凡历史悠久的民族都有自己的民族原创的以口传或者文本的形式叙述的关于宇宙和人类起源的创世史诗。彝族先民以口传勒俄的形式阐释了自己对宇宙万物产生、人类起源的看法,其中无不包含彝族先民朴素的唯物主义思想,这种宇宙观对彝族人世界观的形成和方法论的运用具有深远的影响。%Every nationality that has a long history has its own creation epic which narrated about the origin of the cosmos and human in oral or written way. The ancestors of Yi people explained their ideas about the origin of the cosmos and human in Le’eTeYi in oral way, in which there was simple materialism of the ancestors of Yi people. This kind of cosmology has a deep effect on the formation of the world outlook and the utilization of the methodology of Yi people.

  14. Epidemiological Survey of Renal Calculi in Adult Yao Population in Guangxi%广西瑶族成年人肾结石流行病学调查

    汤宗源; 江顺建; 李江; 李秀清; 钟明涛; 黄日波; 李萍; 邹爱俐


    目的:分析广西恭城瑶族自治县瑶族成年人肾结石的患病状况及其影响因素。方法采用整群分层随机抽样方法,于2012年10—12月选取广西恭城瑶族自治县7个社区、31个村屯共3475例常住瑶族人为调查对象。采用自行设计的调查问卷,调查研究对象人口学资料、生活饮食习惯、疾病史。并采用肾脏 B 超确诊肾结石患者。采用单因素分析和多因素 Logistic 回归分析肾结石的影响因素。结果3475例调查对象中肾结石患者418例,患病率为12.0%(418/3475)。不同性别、年龄、职业、文化程度、婚姻状况、年收入、体质指数(BMI)者肾结石患病率比较,差异有统计学意义(P <0.05)。是否吸烟、是否饮酒、不同饮用水源、睡前是否饮水、饮用水是否煮沸及不同频率食用新鲜绿色蔬菜、豆类制品、柿子、动物内脏者肾结石患病率比较,差异均有统计学意义(P <0.05)。既往是否有胆结石、肾炎、泌尿系结石者肾结石患病率比较,差异有统计学意义( P <0.05)。多因素 Logistic 回归分析结果显示:年龄、性别、职业、文化程度、年收入、饮用水源、饮用水煮沸、食柿子、食新鲜绿色蔬菜、食豆类制品、食动物内脏及既往有肾炎、泌尿系结石史是肾结石的影响因素(P <0.05)。结论该地区瑶族成年人肾结石患病率较高,与饮食等多种因素有关,应针对高危因素开展肾结石的防治工作。%Objective To investigate the prevalence of renal calculi in adult Yao population in Gongcheng Yao Autonomous County of Guangxi and its influencing factors. Methods By using stratified cluster random sampling method,we enrolled 3 475 Yao permanent residents from 7 communities and 31 villages of Gongcheng County from October to December in 2012. A self - designed questionnaire was employed to investigate on demographic data,life habit

  15. Effects of alcohol consumption and other lifestyle behaviors on blood pressure for the middle-aged and elderly in the Guangxi Hei Yi Zhuang and Han populations.

    Yin, Ruixing; Li, Hui; Wu, Jinzhen; Lin, Weixiong; Yang, Dezhai; Pan, Shangling; Huang, Jiandong; Long, Xiuyan


    Han is the largest group and Zhuang is the largest minority among the 56 ethnic groups in China. Geographically and linguistically, Zhuang can be classified into 43 ethnic subgroups, in which Hei Yi Zhuang is proved to be the most conservative subgroup. Little is known about the relationship between alcohol consumption and blood pressure levels in this population. Therefore, the present study was undertaken to compare the effects of alcohol consumption and other lifestyle behaviors on blood pressure levels for the middle-aged and elderly in the Guangxi Hei Yi Zhuang and Han populations. A total of 657 subjects of Hei Yi Zhuang aged 40 and older were surveyed by a stratified randomized cluster sampling. Information on demography, diet, and other lifestyle factors was collected by standard questionnaires. Anthropometric parameters and serum lipid levels were also obtained in all subjects. The results were compared with those in 520 participants of Han Chinese from the same region. The levels of systolic blood pressure and pulse pressure in Hei Yi Zhuang were higher than those in Han (P sodium intake, educational level, physical activity, and even genetic factors.

  16. Developing branch of creative culture of Yao Embroidery, Achieve its Social and Market Value%开发瑶绣创意文化,实现社会价值与市场价值



    排瑶文化,在世界上是独一无二的瑶族支系文化。我们要充分发挥自己的优势,立足开发排瑶文化,打造排瑶刺绣艺术品牌,在吸取瑶族其他支系的刺绣特色文化精华的基础上,创出自己的刺绣品牌。%Pai-yao, a kind of exclusively unique branch culture. We should build our brand of embroidery with giving full play of our own advantages, setting foot on developing Pai-yao Culture absorbing essence from different embroideries from other branches.

  17. 魏晋风度的内涵与接受研究%Research on the Connotation and Reception of Wei-Jin Demeanor



    经由历代接受者的拒斥误解和想象追慕,作为专有名词的“魏晋风度”,其内在特征固然和历史的魏晋士人无法分割,但更重要的却是有赖于现代学人的集体建构。魏晋风度的内涵包括二个层面:一是它的社会内涵,即它是那个时代思想解放的产物,是那个特殊时代社会的文化心理的产物;二是它的美学诗学内涵,即它是魏晋士人内在品格、精神气质的美学显现;是魏晋文章所负载的文辞之美。在魏晋名士身上,具体表现为:玄妙其心,至大其神,放达其身。后世学者从不同层面使用了这一词汇。%The proper noun "Wei-Jin demeanor", through the misunderstanding and imagination of the receivers, its intrinsic characteristics has surely become indivisible with the Wei-Jin scholars, while the mutual construction of modem scholars matters e-ven more. The connotation of Wei-Jin demeanor includes two aspects. One is its social connotation, which means the result of the i-deological emancipation of that era. It' s also the result of that specific time' s social and cultural psychology. Another is its connota- tion of aesthetics and poetics, it' s the? inherent character of the Wei-Jin scholars and the aesthetic appearance of their spirit and quality, and it's the beauty of diction the Wei-Jin articles include. This has specifically expressed on the Wei-Jin scholars like: all one' s thinking, spirit, and body can enjoy complete freedom. The later generation scholars have adopted this word from different levels.

  18. A study of the correlation between physical activities and ancient Yi characters%身体活动与古彝文字的相关性研究



    应用人类学研究的大小传统感通思维方式,从古彝文字中筛选出24个与身体活动相关的文字,提炼出古彝文字中的身体活动元素。研究认为:古彝文字蕴含着彝族尚武民族性格气质特征、彝族个体身体活动式样、人畜和谐共有的运动式样、毕摩作毕时对身体关怀的“显隐”身体活动文化内涵、原生态竞技游艺元素、教育传承元素。身体活动不仅对人类文化和文明具有重要的语言和思想传承属性,也对文字的形成具有重要的认知特征。%By applying traditional magnitude perception thinking mode used in anthropological study, the author screened out 24 physical activity related characters from ancient Yi characters, extracted physical activity ele-ments in ancient Yi characters, and put forward the following opinions: ancient Yi characters contain the charac-teristics of martial temperament of the Yi nationality, patterns of individual physical activities of the Yi national-ity, patterns of movement harmoniously own by human beings and animals, cultural connotations of “implicit” physical activities in Bimozuobi’s care for the human body, original ecological competition and game elements, and education inheritance elements; physical activities are provided not only with important language and thought inheritance attributes for human culture and civilization, but also with important cognitive characteristics for character formation.

  19. The Plan of Building the Yi River Wetland in Linyi%沂河湿地规划设计初探

    王媛媛; 陆发利; 令狐荣钢; 班誉峰; 陈雪


    沂河纵贯临沂全境,湿地资源丰富,总面积达1.33万hm2.以建设大沂河湿地保护区为总体目标,沿河梯次设立湿地公园,全面加强沂河湿地生物多样性保护,维护湿地生态系统的生态特性和基本功能,保持和最大限度地发挥沂河湿地生态系统的各种功能和效益,力争使大沂河湿地最终以生态沂河湿地、人文沂河湿地、科普沂河湿地的面貌成为临沂大地又一靓丽的城市名片.%Linyi has a lot of wetlands, amount to 13 300 ha,because Yi River runs through in the region. The overall goal is to establish a large Yi River wetland reserve, wetland parks will be built a( different locations along the river, biodiversity conservation in Yi River wetland will be strengthened, (he ecological characteristics of wetland ecosystem and basic functionalities will be maintained to maximize various functions and benefits of the wetland ecosystem Yi River, making the large Yi River wetland as a name card of the city for its ecological function, humanities and science education.

  20. 楚雄彝族情歌的音乐形态探析%Analysis on the Music Form of Love Songs of Yi Nationality in Chuxiong



    一直以来,人们对彝族民歌的研究从来没有中断过,在民歌的众多题材中,情歌独具魅力.楚雄彝族情歌是反映楚雄彝族青年男女爱情观的重要实体,也是彝族文化的重要组成部分,通过对上百首楚雄彝族情歌的收集与整理,在曲式结构、调式调性、旋线旋法、节奏节拍和唱词唱腔方面进行音乐形态分析,发现该歌种兼具南北方音乐的特色,在少数民族音乐中独树一帜,值得音乐工作者传承与借鉴.%Scholars have been studying the Yi people's folk songs in recent years. Love songs are very attractive among many themes of folk songs. Love songs of Yi in Chuxiong are a reflection of young men and women's vision of love, as well as are an important part of the culture of the Yi nationality. By collecting and collating hundreds of love songs of Yi in Chuxiong and analyzing love songs' the music form in aspects of musical structure, mode, tonality, beat, rhythm, lyrics and singings, the author has found the music style enjoy both music characters in north and south. The music style of love songs of Yi in Chuxiong is very special in a variety of ethnic music, which possesses great value of inheritance and reference for musicians.

  1. 解码药家鑫犯罪行为心理%Analysis of the Psychology of Yao Jiaxing's Criminal Behavior

    邵磊; 袁青安


    The study of criminal behavior can not be divorced from the specific growing experience and the crime situation of the perpetrator. Improper family education in Yao Jiaxing's childhood caused his personality defects, late-night incident took him into extreme fear, and the knife which he accidently carried with him plus the dark night provided him with all the conditions that criminal behavior needs. The fast stabbing action of Yao Jiaxing that repeated several times is not out of scare, nor is the so-called "compulsive behavior of pi- ano-playing", but the momentary outbreak and catharsis of his subconscious anger that he couldn't suppress. The aggressive behavior of such murder has its inner mechanism of producing, maintaining, controlling, trig- gering or causing. Correctly understand and comprehension of its inner mechanism is of significance for inves- tigating such cases and their prevention and control.%研究犯罪行为不能脱离行为人特定的成长经历和案发情境。药家鑫童年阶段不当的家庭教育方式致其人格缺陷,深夜的突发事件使其在极度恐惧中心态失衡,情绪冲动模式下随身携带的刀具和夜幕无形中为其杀人提供了条件。快速的数刀动作,不是因为恐惧,也不是所谓的"弹钢琴强迫行为",而是潜意识中无法抑制的愤怒情绪的瞬间爆发与宣泄。类似杀人的攻击行为有其产生、维持、控制、引起或者触发的内在机制,正确理解和把握这些对于侦查破案和犯罪防控都有重要的意义。

  2. Analysis of Socioeconomic Status Evolution about Gou Lan Yao%关于勾蓝瑶社会经济状况演进的分析



    湖南省江永县勾蓝瑶寨是一个有着千年历史的瑶族村落,在相当长的时期中,是一个比较稳定的微型社会,遗存丰富、民俗独特、内部结构完整。其人口变迁、自我管理、自然经济状况的演进以及数量众多的风雨桥、民居、城墙、寺庙等,为研究者进行人类学、历史学、社会学、建筑学等相关研究,提供了一个完整的活标本。我们通过入户走访、实地勘察、查阅文献等方式,接触到了族谱、碑刻、私人文字记载等资料,认为地理环境和外部行政力量是影响当地社会发展的重要因素;对于未来的发展,则应在加强资源整合、扩大宣传力度、完善配套设施、引进投资方等方面做出更多努力。%The village named Gou Lan Yao in Jiangyong County , Hunan Province , famous as a Yao village over one thousand years , in quite a long time , is a relatively stable micro -society , which has rich heritage , unique folklore and complete internal structure . The population change , the self management , the evolution of natural economy and the large number of wind-rain bridges , local-style dwelling houses , city walls , temples , etc ., provide a complete fresh specimen for the researchers studying on anthropology , history , sociology , architecture and other related researchers . Through household visits , field investigation , the reference of the literature , etc ., we contact the family trees , inscriptions and private written records . We believe that the geographical environment and the external administrative power are important factors affecting the development of local society . For the future development , they should make more efforts on strengthening resources integration , expanding propaganda and improving the supporting facilities .

  3. 尧、舜、禹禅让说之证伪%On the Falsification of the Account of the Abdication of Yao,Shun and Yu

    史芳树; 方嘉珍


    When examined with reason and logic, several important links of the account of the abdication of Yao,Shun,Yu are self-contradictory. For instance, both Dan Zhu and Shang Jun lost their throne for being "unworthy", yet their unworthiness was not only inconsistent with the meaning of unworthiness but with the father-son affection. The account of Yao's marrying his two daughters to Shun and sending his nine sons to inspect him is defected in its inversion of methods and results. The two attempting to murder Shun by setting fire and live burying are in the lack of motives and the ridiculous strategies of both the murderer and the victim are ridiculous. The details of Shun's avoidance of Dan Zhu and Yu's avoidance of Shang Jun can not withstand scrutiny. The cause of Yi's loss of opportunity is contradictory with Qi's succession to the throne for being "virtuous". In a word, the accounts of the abdication of Yao,Shun and Yu must be falsified.%以情理与逻辑检验尧、舜、禹、启禅让说中的几个重要环节皆自相矛盾。诸如丹朱、商均因“不肖”而失去天子位,不符合“不肖”的词义,有违父子亲情;帝尧嫁二女为舜妻、遣九男为舜仆的说法,存在着手段与结果倒置等诸多漏洞;谋杀舜的纵火、活埋两案,既无合理的作案动机,凶手亦无作案机会,凶手与受害人在策略上同样乖谬;舜避让丹朱、禹避让商均的细节经不起推敲;益错过机会的理由与启因“贤”而继位同样自相矛盾。因此,尧、舜、禹、启禅让说是伪作。

  4. Classical Beauty's Call: Investigation on Costume Culture of Baiku Yao in Nandan Area, Guangxi Province%古韵美的召唤:南丹白裤瑶服饰文化特征研究



    白裤瑶是一个以服饰而得名的瑶族支系,其服饰简朴明快而洋溢着古典格调,是记录白裤瑶民俗风情和历史文化的重要依据。要解读白裤瑶服饰古韵美的艺术特征与审美价值,可分别从多样化的款式、五彩斑斓的色彩和韵味浓厚的图案三个方面.挖掘其文化来源、发展与潜在的价值。这不仅能够增强白裤瑶人民对本民族的认同感与自豪感,而且对传承白裤瑶民族文化.对其他少数民族服饰研究具有的重大意义。%This paper aims at showing the unique and exquisite crafftsmanship and its culture richness, which is based on the research on field observation of Baiku Yao, Nandan District. Not only does this study strengthen the sense of identity and pride for their own ethnic in Baiku Yao, but also emphasize its importance of the inheritance of Baiku Yao costume culture, meanwhile the research on costumes in other minorities.

  5. "Argumentation, textual criticism, poetry and prose"--From Yao Nai creation practice angle%浅论“义理、考据、词章”--从姚鼐创作实践的角度



    姚鼐是桐城派的代表人物,也是清代文坛极具影响力的文学家,他提出的“义理、考据、词章”说成为桐城派创作理论的核心思想,而姚鼐也一直在文学创作的实践中履行着这一文学思想。本文试从他的诗词、散文等不同类型作品的写作中探讨其文学特质,以发掘姚鼐如何在创作中践行其写作精神的。%Yao Nai is representative of Tongcheng School of Qing Dynasty, is the most influential literary writer, he puts forward the"argumentation, textual criticism, poetry and prose"become the core idea of Tongcheng School of creation theory, and Yao Nai has also been in the practice of literary creation in using literary thoughts. This paper tries to explore the characteristics of his poetry, prose literature from different types of writing, in order to explore how to practice the spirit of Yao Nai writing in the creation.

  6. 说"差一点摔倒"和"差一点没摔倒"同义的缘由%On the Synonymy of"cha yi dian shuai dao"and"cha yi dian mei shuai dao"



    该文试从语义-语用的交界面上来探讨现代汉语"差一点摔倒"和"差一点没摔倒"这两个表达为同义的缘由,尝试从语言学的角度对语言现象做出有效解释.该文采用Christopher Kennedy(2002)提出的基于英语语言现象的模糊形容词语义理论,根据类似的词汇语义特点将"及格"和"摔倒"分别类比处理成相对可分级的动词短语(Relative gradable verbal phrase)和绝对可分级的动词短语(Absolute gradable verbal phrase),再试用研究形容词的模糊形容词语义理论来解释一些特殊的动词语义现象.%This paper tries to explore why"cha yi dian shuai dao"and"cha yi dian mei shuai dao"these two Chinese expressions are synonymous from the interface of semantics and pragmatics, attempting to make effective explanation for some language phe-nomenon from the perspective of linguistics. This paper adopts the fuzzy adjectives semantic theory based on English language phe-nomenon proposed by Christopher Kennedy in 2002. After analogizing"ji ge"/"shuai dao"to"relative gradable verbal phrase"/"absolute gradable verbal phrase"respectively according to similar lexical semantic characteristics, this paper then try to explain some special verbal semantic phenomenon by using the fuzzy adjectives semantic theory

  7. The Reminiscent Narrative in Wei Yun's Fiction%论韦晕小说的回忆叙述

    苏晖; 蔡晓玲


    Wei Yun is one of the three important realistic writers in Malaysian Chinese hterary world. He often uses reminiscent narrative in his fiction to describe his characters who live in memories. His fiction shows us a special conception of time and narrative skills. There are many hazy images such as "wind" and "smoke" in his fiction that overlap the multiple dimensions of time, which expands the possibility of fictional narrative. Many characters in his fiction have a memorable past. They often change the present to the past, trying to escape the present by attaching to the past. Some characters also attempt to change the past to the present, bringing illusory memories into the present space and time. Wei Yun' s fiction faithfully reproduces the suffeting courses of Chinese people immigrating overseas, profoundly reflects the emotional conflicts of the Chinese immigrants when they go away far from their parent cultures, and provides us with an unique approach to the meaning of life through reminiscent narrative.%韦晕是"马华现实主义文坛三剑客"之一,他在小说创作中大量采用回忆叙述,反复书写生活在回忆中的人物,展现独特的时间意识及其叙述技巧。其小说常常以"风"和"烟"等朦胧意象,把时间的多重维度重叠起来,拓展了小说叙述的可能性;小说中的人物都有着刻骨铭心的过去,他们常常把现在过去化,企图通过留恋过去而逃避现在;有些人物也会将过去现在化,把虚幻的回忆带进现在这个时空。韦晕的小说真实地再现了华人移民海外的苦难历程,深刻地反映出华人移民在脱离了自身母体文化之后的情感矛盾,并为我们提供了一种通过回忆叙述叩问生命意义的独特方式。

  8. A New Furostanol Saponin from the Water-extract of Dioscorea nipponica Mak., the Raw Material of the Traditional Chinese Herbal Medicine Wei Ao Xin

    Cheng Bin CUI; Chi XU; Qian Qun GU; Shi Dong CHU; Hai Hong JI; Gang JING


    26-O-β-D-Glucopyranosyl-furost-5(6),20(22)-dien-3β,26-diol 1, a new furostanol saponin, was isolated from the water-extract of Dioscorea nipponica Mak., the raw material of a traditional Chinese herbal medicine Wei Ao Xin. The structure of 1 was determined on the basis of its spectral data especially by NMR spectroscopy. The result provides the first example of naturally occurring furostanol saponins with a single saccharide chain at the C-26 position.

  9. 杨亿及其昆体四六%Yang Yi and His Xikun Style Parallel Prose



      杨亿和西昆体是宋代文学史上有分量的文学人物和有地位的文学流派。作为昆体四六的代表人物,杨亿奉行追述三代之风,归正汉唐雅正之气的四六文创作宗旨,其四六文创作的做法是“凡文皆骈”,其四六文显著特点是用典繁密精当、用语绘藻雕章。昆体四六承上启下,在北宋诗文革新运动中起到了先行的作用,为其后宋体四六的定型打下了坚实的基础。%Yang Yi and the xikun style are a significant individual and a prominent literary form respec‐tively in the literary history of the Song Dynasty .As a representative figure of xikun style parallel prose , Yang Yi followed parallel composition after the spirit of the three ancient dynasties (Xia ,Shang ,and Zhou) ,and returned the genre to the moral uprightness which the prose had in Han and Tang dynasties . His method of composing “four‐six”parallel prose was “Do all composition in parallel forms” .His parallel prose is characterized by dense and precise classical allusions ,with florid and ornate language .X ikun style parallel prose was a transitional form :it acted as a forerunner of the literary reform movements in the Northern Song Dynasty ,and established a firm basis for the finalization of the later Song dynasty parallel forms .


    LIAO Chi-mei; LI Lan; YAN Zhi-qiang; HU Bao-qing


    Ecological security is the main task and applied field of present geography, resources and environment sciences and ecology. Ecological security evaluation will efficiently promote ecological security and environmental construction in regional land use. In this thesis, the authors put forward the index system of ecological security evaluation in karst mountainous area on three aspects, the pressure of resources and eco-environment, the quality of resources and eco-environment, and the ability of environmental protection and ecological improvement. Using the evaluation method with single index, based on the case study ofDu'an Yao Autonomous County of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, the system of synthetic regionalization of ecological agricultural economy was formed, which includes three regions, south region with basic security and synthetic agricultural development, east region with critical security and agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry balanced development, mid-west and south region with ecological insecurity and compounded agriculture and forestry management. Meanwhile, for these regions, the countermeasures of sustainable agricultural development were pointed out, which provide the basis and example for ecological regulation and control of sustainable agricultural development in counties ofkarst mountainous area.

  11. Effect of TongXie-YaoFang on Cl− and HCO3- Transport in Diarrhea-Predominant Irritable Bowel Syndrome Rats

    Xiaofang Lu


    Full Text Available TongXie-YaoFang (TXYF can effectively alleviate the symptoms of diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (D-IBS patients. However, the curative mechanism has not been fully clarified. The study was designed to investigate the effect of TXYF on the colonic ion transport induced by serotonin (5-HT in D-IBS rats. A method of multiple stress (neonatal maternal separation (NMS combined with restraint stress (RS was used to induce the D-IBS model. The model rats were randomly divided into two groups: NMS + RS group and TXYF-formula group, and the normal control (no handling rats were classified as NH group. In the NMS + RS group, the change of short-circuit current (ΔIsc induced by 5-HT was lower than that in the NH and TXYF-formula groups. After removing of the extracellular Cl− or HCO3- or basolateral Na+ or blocking the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR, Na+-K+-2Cl− cotransporter (NKCC, Na+-HCO3- cotransporter, Cl-/HCO3- exchanger, K+ channel, or Na+/K+-ATPase, respectively, there was no difference in 5-HT-induced ΔIsc among the three groups. These data suggest that TXYF can regulate 5-HT-induced Cl− and HCO3- secretion, possibly mediated by the combined action of CFTR, NKCC, Na+-HCO3- cotransporter, Cl-/HCO3- exchanger, K+ channel, and Na+/K+-ATPase.

  12. On Economic Inclusive Growth in Ruyuan Yao Autonomous County%广东乳源县经济包容性增长探析

    朱宏伟; 汪雪阳


    Inclusive growth refers to an equal, inclusive, poverty-alleviating and steady economic growth. Based on the analysis of problems confronting Ruyuan Yao Autonomous County in developing economic inclusive growth, the author puts forward four countermeasures: accelerating the development of economic zones to upgrade industry, boosting ethnic tourism, improving eco-economy mechanism, enhancing public services and social management.%包容性增长是公平的、参与的、利贫的和可持续的经济增长.本文在分析乳源经济包容性增长现状和问题的基础上,提出了乳源经济包容性增长发展的途径:加快园区建设促进产业升级、大力发展民族旅游产业、完善生态经济体系、提高公共服务水平和社会管理水平等.

  13. “魏晋风度”表现形式刍议%Discussion on Form of Wei-Jin Demeanor



    “魏晋风度”是中古文学史的一个重要概念,作为一种时代精神一直受到众多学者的关注与褒扬。“魏晋风度”是名士服药集体迷失的生活表达方式,“超脱玄虚”是“魏晋风度”的人格表现特征,“通?清远”则是“魏晋风度”的文风特点。这种文风至晋宋彻底完成过渡,同时也意味着“魏晋风度”的终结。%Wei-jin demeanor,an important concept of medieval literature,has attracted attention and praise of many scholars as an ethos of the times.Wei-jin dynasty demeanor is the expression of the lost life of the drug-addicted celebrities.Its character performance is unconventional and mysterious. Its style of writing is fresh and elegant.This style ended in the Jin-Song dynasty and that implies the end of the Wei-jin demeanor.

  14. Learning from Reading Pi Wei Lun (Treatise on Spleen and Stomach)%研读经典--《脾胃论》心得

    魏晓光; 吴兴全; 王健


    Pi Wei Lun (Treatise on Spleen and Stomach) was written by Li Gao in his later life, which accumulated his academic TCM experience in his whole life. It contains medical thoughts, medical expertise, and formula application, which still have significant learning and reference value for today’s clinic. This article systematically studied Pi Wei Lun (Treatise on Spleen and Stomach), discussed the relationship between Pi Wei Lun (Treatise on Spleen and Stomach) and physiology of Zang-fu organs, pathology of Zang-fu organs, clinical medication, clinical diseases, and expounded its enlightenment for the learning of TCM classics.%《脾胃论》是李杲晚年撰写的总结其一生学术经验的著作,其中的医学思想、医疗经验、方药运用对当今临床仍有重要的学习和参考价值。本文通过系统研究《脾胃论》,探讨《脾胃论》与脏腑生理、脏腑病理、临床用药、临床疾病的关系,及其对中医经典著作学习的启发。

  15. YI Suki's Yŏksimanpil and the Professional Identity of a Chung'in Medical Official in Eighteenth Century Chosŏn Korea.

    Yi, Kiebok


    About one hundred years after the publication of Tongŭibogam (1613), a physician at the court YI Suki (1664-?) wrote a medical manuscript titled Yŏksimanpil (Miscellaneous Jottings on Medical Experiences and Tests, 1734). As indicated in its title, Yŏksimanpil was a medical essay composed of 130 medical case histories, drawing on what YI Suki himself had experienced in his medical practices. This paper examines the messages YI Suki in Yŏksimanpil tried to address to his fellow Korean doctors, and by doing so illuminates an aspect of the medicine in the late Chosŏn period. The argument goes that YI Suki wrote Yŏksimanpil as a vehicle for promulgating his professional identity as a bureaucratic physician who belonged to the network of the chung'in technical officials-a group of government technical functionaries in late Chosŏn Korea. Throughout the late Chosŏn period, the chung'in technical officials had been discriminated, institutionally and socioculturally, against the yangban literati, while their promotion to honored higher positions was blocked. It was in the late 17th and early 18th century that a group of chung'in officials tried to secure their sociocultural places for their professional activity, thus bringing to light their social and professional identity in Chosŏn society. A member of the network of the chung'in technical officials in the early 18th century, YI Suki was in an effort to position himself as a doctor somewhere between the medical tradition and the Confucian literary tradition. In these sociocultural contexts, we can see more clearly what YI Suki tried to speak of in his book and the historical meaning of the medical writing Yŏksimanpil. First, the way he practiced medicine was testing and confirming what the received medical textbooks had asserted (Chŭnghŏmkobang). This style of practicing medicine could be viewed as a reflection of the comprehensivity trait of bureaucratic court physicians network YI Suki belonged to. Also this

  16. Spatiotemporal Impacts of Climate, Land Cover Change and Direct Human Activities on Runoff Variations in the Wei River Basin, China

    Yunyun Li


    Full Text Available Previous studies that quantified variations in runoff have mainly focused on the combined impacts of climate and human activities or climate and land cover change. Few have separated land cover change from human activities, which is critical for effective management of water resources. This study aims to investigate the impact of changing environmental conditions on runoff using the Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT model; we examined three categories: climate, land cover change and direct human activities. The study area was the Wei River Basin, a typical arid to semi-arid basin that was divided into five sub-zones (UZ, MZ, DZ, JZ and BZ. Our results showed the following: (1 the calibrated SWAT model produced satisfactory monthly flow processes over the baseline period from 1978 to 1986; (2 compared to the baseline period, the impact of climatic variations decreased and the impact of direct human activities increased from the 1990s to the 2000s, while the impact of land cover change was generally stable; and (3 climatic variations were the main cause of runoff declines over the entire basin during the 1990s and in the UZ, MZ and JZ areas during the 2000s, while direct human activities were most important in the DZ and BZ areas during the 2000s.

  17. Effect of chimneys on indoor air concentrations of PM 10 and benzo[a]pyrene in Xuan Wei, China

    Tian, Linwei; Lan, Qing; Yang, Dong; He, Xingzhou; Yu, Ignatius T. S.; Hammond, S. Katharine

    This paper reports the effect of chimneys in reducing indoor air pollution in a lung cancer epidemic area of rural China. Household indoor air pollution concentrations were measured during unvented burning (chimneys blocked) and vented burning (chimneys open) of bituminous coal in Xuan Wei, China. Concentrations of particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter of 10 μm or less (PM 10) and of benzo[a]pyrene (BaP) were measured in 43 homes during normal activities. The use of chimneys led to significant decreases in indoor air concentrations of particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter of 10 μm or less (PM 10) by 66% and of benzo[a]pyrene (BaP) by 84%. The average BaP content of PM 10 also decreased by 55% with the installation of a chimney. The reduction of indoor pollution levels by the installation of a chimney supports the epidemiology findings on the health benefits of stove improvement. However, even in the presence of a chimney, the indoor air concentrations for both PM 10 and BaP still exceeded the indoor air quality standards of China. Movement up the energy ladder to cleaner liquid or gaseous fuels is probably the only sustainable indoor air pollution control measure.

  18. Contributions of Climate Variability and Human Activities to the Variation of Runoff in the Wei River Basin, China

    Huang, Q.


    The Wei River Basin is a typical arid and semi-arid area of the Yellow River Basin. The heuristic segmentation method was used to detect the inflection points of the annual runoff. The slope change ratio of accumulative quantity (SCRAQ) method was applied to computing the relative contribution of human activities and climate changes to the decreasing runoff in the whole basin and the basin above Linjiacun. For the whole basin, when 1960-1969 is selected as the baseline, the contributions of climate changes and human activities in 1970-1993 are 26.47% and 73.53%, respectively, those in 1993-2005 are 23.33% and 76.67%, respectively. When 1970-1993 is selected as the baseline, the contribution of climate and human impacts in 1994-2005 are 18.88% and 81.12%, respectively. The results imply that human activities are the dominant driving factors on runoff reduction, whose effect is increasingly intensifying. Furthermore, in order to verify the contribution of human activities and climate changes based on the SCRAQ method, a method based on the Budyko hypothesis was used in this paper. The results indicate that the contribution of human activities and climate change based on the SCRAQ method is consistent with that based on the sensitivity-based method.

  19. Eigensolution techniques, their applications and Fisherʼs information entropy of the Tietz-Wei diatomic molecular model

    Falaye, B. J.; Oyewumi, K. J.; Ikhdair, S. M.; Hamzavi, M.


    In this study, the approximate analytical solutions of Schrödinger, Klein-Gordon and Dirac equations under the Tietz-Wei (TW) diatomic molecular potential are represented by using an approximation for the centrifugal term. We have applied three types of eigensolution techniques: the functional analysis approach, supersymmetry quantum mechanics and the asymptotic iteration method to solve the Klein-Gordon, Dirac and Schrödinger equations, respectively. The energy eigenvalues and the corresponding eigenfunctions for these three wave equations are obtained, and some numerical results and figures are reported. It has been shown that these techniques yielded exactly the same results. some expectation values of the TW diatomic molecular potential within the framework of the Hellmann-Feynman theorem have been presented. The probability distributions that characterize the quantum mechanical states of TW diatomic molecular potential are analyzed by means of complementary information measures of a probability distribution called Fisher's information entropy. This distribution has been described in terms of Jacobi polynomials, whose characteristics are controlled by quantum numbers.

  20. 汉魏时期酒文化浅谈%The Discussion of Wine Culture in Han and Wei Periods



    饮酒,是世界许多民族所共有的文化现象。然而,饮酒习俗所表现出的文化内涵和文化特质,却千差万别,异彩纷呈。历史的不同时期所反映的酒文化也因其特有的社会文化的影响,而有所差异。汉魏时期在前期酒文化发展的基础上,进一步辉煌,逐渐趋于成熟。%Drinking is the cultural phenomenon shared by many peoples of the world.However,its cultural connotations and cultural characteristics vary widely,and is full of splendor.The wine culture is also reflected by the different periods of history because of its unique social and cultural impact.On the basis of its earlier cultural development,Han and Wei periods further developed its glory,becoming more and more mature.

  1. Effect of chimneys on indoor air concentrations of PM10 and benzo(a)pyrene in Xuan Wei, China

    Tian, L.W.; Lan, Q.; Yang, D.; He, X.Z.; Yu, I.T.S.; Hammond, S.K. [Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong (China). School for Public Health


    This paper reports the effect of chimneys in reducing indoor air pollution in a lung cancer epidemic area of rural China. Household indoor air pollution concentrations were measured during unvented burning (chimneys blocked) and vented burning (chimneys open) of bituminous coal in Xuan Wei, China. Concentrations of particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter of 10 {mu} m or less (PM10) and of benzo(a)pyrene (BaP) were measured in 43 homes during normal activities. The use of chimneys led to significant decreases in indoor air concentrations of particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter of 10 mu m or less (PM10) by 66% and of benzo(a)pyrene (BaP) by 84%. The average BaP content of PM10 also decreased by 55% with the installation of a chimney. The reduction of indoor pollution levels by the installation of a chimney supports the epidemiology findings on the health benefits of stove improvement. However, even in the presence of a chimney, the indoor air concentrations for both PM10 and BaP still exceeded the indoor air quality standards of China. Movement up the energy ladder to cleaner liquid or gaseous fuels is probably the only sustainable indoor air pollution control measure.

  2. 论彝族婚姻中的身价费及其法律调适%The Yi People's Marriage Status Fee and Legal Adjustment



    彝族是中华民族最古老的民族之一,彝族文化为我国社会文化的多元化做出了巨大的贡献。其中婚姻文化是彝族文化的一大亮点,确有可圈可点之处,但也存在一些问题,其中身价费问题是核心,实质上买卖婚是私有制社会形态的产物,而身价费是买卖婚的重要标志。自从民主改革以来,特别是改革开放以来彝区社会形态已实现了历史性的飞跃,而彝族婚姻却没有走出买卖婚姻这个误区。彝区婚姻中的这种身价费与我国《婚姻法》有着诸多的冲突,应对其进行改良,使其朝着与现行法律相融合的方向演化。%Yi nationality is one of the oldest nation in China,and Yi culture made tremendous contribution to Chinese culture diversity.Of all marriage culture is a highlight of Yi culture,and indeed there are some questions.And marriage stats fee is the essence,and marriage is the product of private society,while marriage fee is an important symbol of trading marriage.Since the reform and opening up,the social form in Yi area has got historical leap,however,Yi marriage did not run out of this misunderstanding.The marriage fee in Yi marriage is of great conflict with Chinese marriage law,and we should reform it and enable it to evolve towards the modern law.

  3. 论魏晋经学与文学复古之风%Classical Scholarship in Wei-Jin Period and Restoration of Ancient Literary Tradition

    刘运好; 程平


    Confucian classics,especially the Book of Songs,were one of the leading forces shaping the literature of the Wei-Jin Period. In terms of the poetic style,Wei-Jin literature mimicked the Book of Songs,with siyan poems (the poems with each line composed of four Chinese characters)as its major pattern. In terms of the subject matter and theme,Wei-Jin literature directly mimicked the Book of Songs,and created three types of poems:the poems depicting Confucian Classics;the poems supple-menting the missing part of the Book of Songs;the poems parodying the Book of Songs. The fervor of restoring ancient literary tradition reached its peak in that period. In terms of the artistic style,Wei-Jin literature gave priority to ya (odes)and song (hymns),and transformed feng into ya,making a bold exploration of how to inherit the literary tradition of the Book of Songs. Wei-Jin literature forms a key link in the long history of Chinese literature.%经学尤其《诗经》仍然是支撑魏晋文学的主流意识之一。在诗歌体式上,魏晋文学大量摹拟《诗经》,以四言为主;在诗歌题材和主旨上,直接摹拟《诗经》,创造出拟经诗、补亡诗、拟《诗》诗三种类型,复古之风达到了空前炽烈的局面;在艺术风格上,以雅颂为主、又以风入雅,从而对如何继承《诗经》的文学传统提供一次集大成式的探索,在中国文学史上具有承上启下的重要意义。

  4. Mineralogical and compositional characteristics of Late Permian coals from an area of high lung cancer rate in Xuan Wei, Yunnan, China: Occurrence and origin of quartz and chamosite

    Dai, S.; Tian, L.; Chou, C.-L.; Zhou, Y.; Zhang, M.; Zhao, L.; Wang, Jingyuan; Yang, Z.; Cao, H.; Ren, D.


    Some townships in Xuan Wei County, Yunnan Province, have one of the highest lung cancer mortality rates in China and the epidemic disease in the area has generally been attributed to the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) released from domestic coal burning. However, the cancer-causing culprit is not settled as Tian [Tian, L., 2005. Coal Combustion Emissions and Lung Cancer in Xuan Wei, China. Ph.D. thesis, University of California, Berkeley.] found nanometer quartz in these coals, soot emissions, and lung cancer tissues. We have conducted mineralogical and geochemical studies of the coals from Xuan Wei for the purpose of shedding light on the minerals which may be related to the epidemic lung cancer. In this paper, abundances, modes of occurrence, and origins of minerals and elements in the coals from two mines in Xuan Wei have been studied using optical microscope, low-temperature ashing, X-ray diffraction analysis, scanning electron microscope equipped with energy-dispersive X-ray spectrometer, and inductively-coupled plasma mass spectrometry. The minerals in the coals are mainly composed of quartz, chamosite, kaolinite, and calcite. The particle size of quartz is rather small, mostly less than 20????m and it is of authigenic origin. Chamosite occurs mainly as cell-fillings. The occurrence of quartz and chamosite indicates that they were derived from the hydrothermal fluids. Epigenetic calcite is derived from calcic fluids. Kaolinite is derived mainly from sediment source region of Kangdian Oldland to the west of coal basin. The composition of Xuan Wei coal is high in SiO2, Fe2O3, TiO2, CaO, MnO, V, Co, Ni, Cu, and Zn. The high SiO2 content is attributed to quartz, and the Fe2O3 content to chamosite. The high Mn and low Mg contents in the coal indicate the inputs of hydrothermal fluids. CaO occurs mainly in epigenetic calcite. Elements Ti, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, and rare earth elements were derived from the basaltic rocks at sediment source region. ?? 2008

  5. Salmonella serotyping and molecular subtyping analysis on diarrhea cases in Hongkou District of Shanghai, in 2010-2012 ZHANG Jing1,SHEN Jing1,TANG Yi-ling1,CHEN Zhen1,YAO Hong1,WANG%上海市虹口区2010-2012年腹泻病例沙门菌监测及分子型特征

    张静; 沈静; 唐漪灵; 陈真; 姚红; 王斌; 汤显; 陈洪友; 许学斌


    Objective ] To study the molecular characteristics and antibiotic resistance of Salmonella diarrhea cases in sentinel hospitals through active surveillance system conducted by public health laboratory. [ Methods] Two sentinel hospitals were chosen for collection of stool specimens from food-borne infectious diarrhea cases and for Salmonella separation and detection immediately following serotyping and antimicrobial susceptible test ( AST ) on those isolates .Moreover , pulsed field gel electrophoresis ( PFGE) was used for the genetic homology analysis . [ Results] A total of 2 579 diarrhea specimens were collected and analyzed from 2010 to 2012, with 185 Salmonella isolates, covering 23 different serotypes (annual positive rates were 9.1%, 6.8%, 5.1%, with an average 7.2%).Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis(S.Enteritidis) and Typhimurium(S.Typhimurium) were the most common serotypes, of which 68.9% cases were seen in those aged 21 to 60 and 21.4% cases in those over 60 years old. 27.7%-96.9%S.Enteritidis and 2.6%-63.2% S.Typhimurium(P all <0.05) proved resistant to Nalidixic acid, Sultisoxazole, Streptomycin, Sulfamethoxydiazine, Gentamicinand Tetracycline. PFGE analysis on 22 S.Enteritidis strains showed 11 different clusters , while 20 S.Typhimurium strians showed 6. [Conclusion] S.Enteritidis and S.Typhimurium are the most common Salmonella serotypes, and molecular typing indicates the existence of clustering and sporadic outbreaks caused by dominance clones . We should be alert to early warnings on potential outbreaks of multiple-drug-resistant ( MDR ) S.Enteritidis.Active surveillance system based on public health laboratory should play an important role in the control of food-borne infectious diseases .%[目的]研究基于公共卫生实验室主动监测哨点医院沙门菌腹泻及优势菌型的耐药性和分子型特征。[方法]选择辖区内2家医院作为主动监测哨点,甄别食源性感染性腹泻的病例并采集粪便标本进行沙门菌培养、血清型鉴定和抗菌药物耐药性试验,通过脉冲场凝胶电泳( PFGE )分析优势菌型的遗传同源性。[结果]2010—2012年,共检测2579份标本,分离沙门菌185株(年度阳性率分别为9.1%、6.8%、5.1%,总阳性率为7.2%),涵盖23种不同血清型,最常见的为肠炎和鼠伤寒沙门菌。所有沙门菌感染病例的男女性别比为0.9∶1;肠炎和鼠伤寒沙门菌感染均以21~60岁(68.9%)和60岁以上(21.4%)者居多。肠炎和鼠伤寒沙门菌对萘啶酸、磺胺异噁唑、链霉素、甲氧嘧啶、庆大霉素、四环素等6种抗菌药物的耐药率分别为27.7%~96.9%和2.6%~63.2%,且肠炎沙门菌的耐药率显著高于鼠伤寒沙门菌(P值均<0.05)。22株肠炎和20株鼠伤寒沙门菌经PFGE各自分为11个和6个分子型。[结论]肠炎和鼠伤寒是区域内最常见的沙门菌腹泻菌型,分子分型提示存在优势克隆的聚集性爆发和分散爆发,应警惕多重耐药的肠炎沙门菌克隆株形成潜在爆发的风险。加强以实验室为基础的主动监测对控制食源性感染性腹泻具有重要的公共卫生意义。

  6. Association of HLA-B Alleles With Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Infection in the Yi Ethnic Group in Sichuan Province



    Objective To determine the distribution of HLA-B alleles in the Chinese Yi ethnic group and its association with HIV infection. Methods One hundred and six unrelated healthy HIV negative and 73 HIV positive Chinese Yi ethnic individuals were typed by PCR-SSP. Results The frequency of alleles B*07, B*35, and B*46 were increased in HIV-1-positive subjects, whereas the alleles B*55, B*44 and B*78 were absent in the HIV-infected persons studied. The B*46 allele was present in a significantly higher gene frequency among HIV-1-positive individuals (P=0.02, OR=3.32, 95% CI=1.13-9.78) compared with control subjects. Conclusion HLA-B*46 may be associated with its susceptibility to HIV-1 infections.

  7. Study of Master Hong Yi's Ethical Thought of Buddhism%论弘一法师的佛教伦理思想



    The article discusses the basic content of Master Hong Yi' s ethical thought of Buddhism from four perspectives.And it points out that there are two features of this thought.One focuses on the Buddhist which is blended in the Confucian doctrine and the other on the deep belief of karma.Hence the realistic significance of Master Hong Yi' s ethical thought of Buddhism lies in the world harmony and individual moral nurture.%弘一法师的佛教伦理思想有两个特点:一是佛法为主,融合儒释;二是因果报应,深信不爽。其现实意义则在于世界和谐与个人德性修养。

  8. 彝语支民族尚火文化习俗%On Fire - Worship Custom of the Yi - Speaking Peoples



    彝语支民族与古代氐羌人有渊源关系。在上古汉文文献记载中其文化明显表现出崇拜火,这种崇拜火的文化现象后来在彝语支民族中反映在社会生活各个方面,火葬、火把节、火禁忌等都是彝语支民族的尚火文化习俗。%In history,the Yi - speaking peoples were related to the Diqiang people and Chinese histor-ical records show their culture was characterized by the fire worship,which has survived history and is still found in many aspects of different Yi - speaking peoples,such as funerals,festivals and taboos.

  9. 彝语南部方言纳苏话的词重叠%Nasu Words Reduplication of the Southern Dialect of Yi Language

    黄龙光; 杨晖


    彝语南部方言纳苏话存在大量的词重叠用法,主要有AA、AAB、ABB、ABA、AABB、ABAB、ABAC、ABCB及ABACC式等九种主要类型。作为一种超词结构,彝语南部方言纳苏话词重叠有调量作用,有时量或动量增加,程度加深,表褒义的情况,但也有更多的减量,表贬义。无论哪种情况,词重叠的灵活使用使彝语纳苏话表达更加形象生动,这可能源于彝族固有的诗意思维与诗化表达叙事传统,词重叠及其使用属于彝族诗体言语结构及其方式的一部分。%There are lots of words reduplication of the southern dialect of Yi language. They are mainly the followings nine types including AA, AAB, ABB, ABA, AABB, ABAB, ABAC, ABCB and ABACC. As an ultra word structure, Nasu words reduplication of the southern dialect of Yi language function as quantity change. Nasu words reduplication makes time and verbal quantity increase, the degree deepens and meanings commendatory, but more often it makes the quantity decrease and meanings derogatory. In either case, Nasu words reduplication makes their expression more vivid and live. This may be originated from Yi innate poetic thinking and poetic expressive narrative tradition. The reduplication belongs to a part of Yi poetic speech structure and mode.

  10. Assessment of effects of a formula used in the traditional Chinese medicine (Buzhong Yi Qi Wan) on the morphologic and osmotic fragility of red blood cells

    Tania S. Giani; Paoli,Severo de; Presta,Giuseppe A.; Adalgisa I. Maiworm; Santos-Filho, Sebastião D.; Fonseca,Adenilson S.; Bernardo-Filho, Mario


    Buzhong Yi Qi Wan (BYQW) is a combination of some medicinal herbs widely used in traditional Chinese medicine to treat blood, spleen and stomach disorders. Morphometric analysis and osmotic fragility assay have been used to evaluate changes on membrane integrity of red blood cells. The aim of this work was to evaluate the effect of an aqueous BYQW extract on the morphology and osmotic fragility of red blood cells. Blood samples were treated with BYQW extract, quantitative/qualitative morpholo...

  11. Study on the application of 3D modeling based on UAV photography in urban planning — Taking Yi Jiequ area in Du Jiangyan as an example

    Zhang, Bingshuang; Zhang, Lingqing


    This paper proposed a new technique combining UAV (unmanned aerial vehicle) with 3D (three-dimension) modeling to integrate and analyze a large amount of information and to guide urban planning. This paper expounded the status and methods of UAV applying to 3D modeling, verified the practical values of this technique and summarized the future development trend by taking Yi Jiequ area in Du Jiangyan as an example.

  12. Analysis of Gao Jia-lin's life tragedy in Lu Yao's"life"%路遥《人生》中高加林人生悲剧的分析



    Gao Jia-lin personality is very complex, is shape the classic literary by Lu Yao, but also the Chinese contemporary literature in the gallery of immortal images. Gao Jia-lin want to realize their own value, want to have a bright future and perfect love, and therefore exhibit an extraordinary entrepreneurial spirit, but ultimately failed to keep the faith and his principles, resulting in his pursuit of all ended in failure, his life is full of tragic color. A careful analysis of the novel, can be found the cause of Gao Jia-lin's life tragedy both factors of society, and his own personal factor.%高加林的性格十分复杂,是路遥塑造的经典的文学典型,同时也是中国当代文学画廊中不朽的文学形象。高加林想要实现自身的价值,想拥有美好的前程与完美的爱情,并且为此表现出非凡的进取精神,但是高加林最终没有能坚守自己的信念与原则,致使他的这些追求均以失败而告终,他的人生充满了悲剧色彩。认真分析小说,可以发现造成高加林人生悲剧的原因既有社会层面的因素,又有他个人的因素。

  13. Effect of Bu-Zhong-Yi-Qi-Tang on deficiency of N-glycan/nitric oxide and islet damage induced by streptozotocin in diabetic rats

    Xiao-Qiu Liu; Ling Wu; Xue-Jun Guo


    AIM: To investigate the effect of Bu-Zhong-Yi-Qi-Tang (Decoction for Reinforcing Middle Jiao and Replenishing Qi) on deficiency of N-glycan/nitric oxide (NO) and islet damage induced by injecting two medium doses of streptozotocin (STZ). METHODS: Diabetes was induced by intraperitoneal injection of STZ at 55 mg/kg on day 1 and day 8. Islet damage was evaluated using a scoring system. Nitrite, nitrate, α-mannosidase and amylase activities were measured by colorimetry. N-glycan patterns of amylase were determined with lectin [ConA, pisum sativum agglutinin (PSA), peanut agglutinin (PNA), and lens culinaris agglutinin (LCA)] affinity precipitation method. RESULTS: Severe islet necrosis and mild islet atrophy were observed in diabetic rats. The number and size of islets, the activities of α-mannosidase, amylase and nitrite were decreased, while the binding of PNA and LCA to amylase was increased. All of which were improved after treatment with Bu-Zhong-Yi-Qi-Tang. Islet damage was significantly correlated with nitrite, nitrate, α-mannosidase, amylase and the binding of LCA, PNA, and PSA to amylase. PNA, and PSA to amylase.CONCLUSION: STZ- induced i s let damage i s related to N-glycan def iciency in proteins by blocking α-mannosidase activity and no deficiency, accumulation of unfolded proteins, and endoplasmic reticulum stress and activation of cellular signals, all of which are improved after treatment with Bu-Zhong-Yi- Qi-Tang.

  14. Ecological Wisdom of Traditional Yao Livelihoods: A Case Study at Fengmuping%南岭瑶山传统生计中的生态智慧——以都庞岭枫木坪村为例



    As a mountainous people typical in" Ethnic Nanling Corridor" , the Yao lives in an ecologically complex environment. In the course of adapting to the environment, they have accumulated rich ecologic knowledge, including the understanding of different ecosystems, the knowledge on biological species and their interactions, the rational use of biological resources and the list goes on. This indigenous ecological knowledge has been put into a full use in their compound living on forestry and farming, specifically their slash-and-burn cultivation. The current study focuses on such compound living of the Yao at Fengmuping in Mt. Dupang so as to bring to light the ecological skills and wisdom of the Yao.%瑶族作为“南岭民族走廊”典型的山地民族,所处的生态环境错综复杂。瑶族文化在适应所处生态环境中积累了丰富的地方性生态知识。这样的生态知识包括对不同生态系统的认知、对生物物种的认知及其互动关系的把握、对生物资源的合理利用等等。这些知识在瑶族人民传统的“刀耕火种”林农复合生计中得到了全面的应用。以生活在都庞岭枫木坪村的“过山瑶”农林复合生计为分析对象,揭示瑶族传统生计中的生态技能、生态智慧。

  15. Yao Nai’s poetic theory and creation in Qianlong and Jiaqing Perspective%乾嘉视域中的姚鼐诗学观点及诗歌创作论



    Scholar poet Yao Nai, who advocated Song learning which emphasized argumentation first, could not be excused from the the academic atmosphere of Qianjia period. His poetic theory and knowledge tendency expressed by his creations can be seen as the best proof of the phenomenon. However, knowledge representation is only the representation of Yao Nai’s poetic theory and creation, and the essence lies in inspiration and spirit. Yao Nai’s poetic theory and creation and the value of his knowledge tendency can be explored from different levels, including poetry, academy and culture, and can also be embodied by uplifting the realm of poetry, dredging the obstruction in poetic circle, righting the pathway for scholars, and so on.%学者兼诗人的姚鼐,治学虽强调“义理”为先,以宋学为尚,但也不能不被时代的学术风潮所影响,其诗学观点和诗歌创作所表现出的学问化倾向,可以说便是这一情形的最好证明。不过,学问化仅仅是姚鼐诗学观点和诗歌创作的表征,“兴会”和“精神”才是其旨归之所在。姚鼐诗学观点及诗歌创作的学问化倾向所具有的价值,至少可从诗歌、学术、文化等层面进行挖掘,又从助诗歌之境界、疏诗坛之榛塞、正学者之途径等几个方面体现出来。

  16. 红头瑶服饰元素在现代服装设计中的运用%Precious Clothing Element of Red Head Branch of Yao in Modern Clothing Design



      金平红头瑶是我国瑶族众多支系中的一种,红头瑶服饰绚丽多彩,是少数民族服饰中最具特点的服饰之一。红头瑶妇女身穿对襟长衫,下着绣花长裤,特别是在婚嫁以后,剃光头发和眉毛,头戴大红色圆锥形尖帽,很是显眼。红头瑶服饰中有着很多现代服装设计可借鉴的元素,这些元素可以成为服装设计师们发挥设计创意的重要灵感源泉。通过案例,可以看到将红头瑶服饰中优秀的民族服饰文化内涵植入到现代时装形式中去,借以时装之型,传以民族之韵,打造中国风格的特色时装。%  Jin Pinghong head Yao is our country one of the many branches of Yao, Yao red head dress is gorgeous, is a minority costumes is one of most of the features of the dress. Red head Yao women wearing double-breasted gown, with embroidered trousers, especially in marriage later, shaved hair and eyebrows, wearing a big red conical hat, is very conspicuous. Red head precious clothing has many modern garment design reference elements, these elements can become a fashion designer who play a significant source of inspiration for creative design. Through the case, we can see the red head precious clothing will be excellent national dress culture into modern fashion form, in order to fashion, came to national rhyme, to create Chinese style fashion.

  17. 瑶药热敷配合牵引、推拿治疗腰椎间盘突出症%Yao Medicine Fomentation Combined with Traction and Massage for Lumbar Disc Herniation

    吴乙忠; 甘霖; 张喜娟


    Objective:To observe the efficacy of Yao medicine fomentation combined with traction and massage for lumbar disc herniation. Methods:123 cases of patients were randomly divided into treatment group, control group I and control group II, the treatment used the treatment of Yao medi-cine fomentation combined with traction and massage, the control group I used traction and massage, the control group II used Yao medicine fomenta-tion and traction, and observed the efficacy of the three groups. Results:The total effective rate in treatment was higher than that in other two groups (P<0.01). Conclusion:Yao medicine fomentation, as a kind of traditional folk medicine method, is simply operated, and it can significantly improve the symptoms of lumbar disc herniation patients when it's combined with traction and massage, which is worth clinical promotion and application.%目的:观察瑶药热敷配合牵引、推拿治疗腰椎间盘突出症的疗效。方法:将123例患者随机分为治疗组、对照1组和对照2组,治疗组采用瑶药热敷配合牵引、推拿治疗,对照1组给予牵引后推拿,对照2组给予瑶药热敷后牵引,比较三组临床疗效。结果:治疗组总有效率高于其余两组(P<0.01)。结论:瑶药热敷作为一种传统的民间医药方法,操作简单方便,配合牵引、推拿治疗腰椎间盘突出症能显著改善患者的临床症状,值得临床推广应用。

  18. [Comparative study of theoretical literature on cold pathogenic disease in Wai tai mi yao fang (Arcane Essentials from the Imperial Library) and Tai ping sheng hui fang (Taiping Holy Prescriptions for Universal Relief)].

    Zhang, Huirui; Liang, Yongxuan


    In the Wai tai mi yao fang (Arcane Essentials from the Imperial Library) compiled in 752, its portion on cold pathogenic disorders embodies the achievements before the mid Tang Dynasty, whereas that in the Tai ping sheng hui fang (Taiping Holy Prescriptions for Universal Relief), compiled in 992 embodies those before the early Song Dynasty. Comparison on the theory of cold disorders in both books reveal that, during the 2 centuries period from mid Tang to early Song Dynasties, the texts as a carrier for the transmission of such theory in both show no distinct changes, but only with minor revisions and improvements.

  19. 岭南瑶族传统体育文化的变迁及其影响%The changing of traditional sports culture of the Yao nationality in Lingnan and its influence

    赵苏喆; 李金梅; 余卫平


    探讨岭南瑶族传统体育文化的变迁及影响因素。研究认为岭南瑶族传统体育文化在建国后变化明显,侧重于娱乐功能,而其他的功能出现了不同程度的弱化;传统体育项目的数量在缩减,竞技项目器材更先进,仪式类项目趋向于娱乐和审美化的改变。这些变化引起了岭南瑶族各阶层不同的反应。岭南瑶族传统体育文化的变迁在建国后处于主动变迁状态,但也出现了“异化”现象,个别项目有逐渐消退的趋势,因此以保护为基础,与学校教育、旅游等相结合,注重社会培训的力量。%The authors probed into the changing and effecting factors of traditional sports culture of the Yao nation-ality in Lingnan, and put forward the following opinions:after the founding of China, traditional sports culture of the Yao nationality in Lingnan changed significantly: its entertaining functions were emphasized, while its other functions were weakened to different extents;the number of traditional sports events was decreasing, equipment for competitive events was more advanced, events in the ceremony category tended to entertaining and aesthetical changes. These changes had caused different reactions from all walks of life of the Yao nationality in Lingnan. Con-clusion:after the founding of China, the changing of traditional sports culture of the Yao nationality in Lingnan was in an initiatively changing condition, yet had shown the sign of“dissimilation”, some events had the trend of grad-ual disappearance;therefore, we should value the power of social training on the basis of protection, coupled with school education and tourism etc.

  20. 江华瑶族传统家屋的空间与社会%On the Space and Society of Traditional Living Houses of Jianghua Yao Ethnic Group



    家屋一直是人类学研究的经典主题,但瑶族传统家屋却较少得到关注。本文通过对江华瑶族传统家屋建筑形式、建造、使用、继承的分析,揭示了江华瑶族传统家屋既是瑶族同胞赖以安身立命的物质空间,也是独立的社会再生产空间,空间结构具有群聚式、社会性的特征。在江华瑶族社会中,他们将家屋视为一个有生命力的个体,重视次序结构,亲属关系和社会网络的建立和实践是以家屋为追溯原则。他们创造和延续家屋的方式,深刻影响着其社会的结构和功能。%The living house has been a classical subject of anthropology ,but the traditional living house of Jianghua Yao ethnic groups has been received much less attention . In this paper ,through the analysis of the traditional house's form ,construction ,use and inheritance of the Jianghua Yao ethnic group , the author reveals that the people of Jianghua Yao ethnic group do not only live on physical space ,but also are independent of social reproduction space .Their space structure has the characteristic of cluster type and social nature . In the Jianghua Yao ethnic group of society ,they see houses as a living individual and pay attention to order structure .Their kinship and the social network of establishment and practice is to house for traceability principle .The way in which they create and sustain house has a profound impact on the structure and function of society .

  1. Design and Implementation of Yi Automatic Segmentation Technique in Computer%计算机彝文自动分词技术的设计研究



    The automatic word segmentation is an indispensable basic work of Yi language information processing, As long as Yi language information processing related to the retrieval, translation, syntactic a-nalysis , semantic analysis,it requires the use of word as basic unit. On this basis according to characteristics of Yi language,the automatic word segmentation standard and design of word vocabulary are described. The technology of automatic word segmentation is proposed, which based on established vocabulary of Yi language. The technology includes algorithm selection,system architecture,and implementation process. And sample tests are given,the accuracy rate and speed of word segmentation are quite satisfactory, Finally,on characteristics of Yi language and the difficulty of achieve automatic word segmentation is analyzed.%实现彝语文自动分词是计算机彝文信息处理中一项不可缺少的基础性工作,计算机彝文信息处理只要涉及到信息检索、机器翻译、语法分析、语义分析等方面的应用,就都需要以词为基本的处理单位.论文以彝语言的特点作为出发点,首先提出了计算机彝文分词规则与分词词表的设计思路,其次提出了实现计算机彝文自动分词技术的算法基础、系统结构,以及实现流程,而且进行了抽样测试,其分词的速度和准确率都比较高.论文最后根据彝语言的特点对实现计算机彝文自动分词的难点进行了分析.

  2. Wei Suyuan's Accomplishments in Theories of Literature and Art%论韦素园的文艺理论成就



    Wei Suyuan, one of the four outstanding memhers of Weiming Literary Society, lived a short but keen intellectual life Without an anthology of prose or poetry ever published throughout his lifetime of hard working and poor health, he had nevertheless trodden a path to the theories of literature and art, and the academic field failed to acknowledge properly. This paper is aimed to uncover and sort out Wei's yet unknown literary thoughts and theories, in memory of the 110th anniversary of Wei's birth and the 80th anniversary of his death.%“未名四杰”重要成员之一韦素园,“宏才远志,厄于短年”。他以抱病之身“实地劳作”,甘为人梯,生前虽然未有诗文结集出版,但在文艺理论方面却有独到的思考,造诣很深。对此,学界一直未能给予高度重视。今年是韦素园诞辰110周年、逝世80周年的特殊年份。文章拟对韦素园的文艺思想、文艺理论观点进行初步的挖掘、梳理、总结,一者以补缺漏,再者以示纪念。

  3. Detection of p53 and K-ras mutations in sputum of individuals exposed to smoky coal emissions in Xuan Wei County, China

    Keohavong, P.; Lan, Q.; Gao, W.M.; Zheng, K.C.; Mady, H.H.; Melhem, M.F.; Mumford, J.L. [University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA (US). Graduate School of Public Health


    Lung cancer mortality rates in the Xuan Wei County population are among the highest in China and are associated with exposure to indoor emissions from the burning of smoky coal. Previous studies of lung tumors from both non-smoking women and smoking men in this region showed high frequencies of mutations, consisting mostly of G {yields} T transversions in the p53 tumor suppressor gene and K-ras oncogene, suggesting that these mutations were caused primarily by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. In this study sputum samples from 92 individuals with no evidence of lung cancer from Xuan Wei County were screened for p53 and K-ras mutations. Sputum cells were collected on glass slides by sputum cytocentrifugation, stained and cytopathologically analyzed. Cytologically non-malignant epithelial cells were taken from each sputum sample using a laser capture microdissection microscope and molecularly analyzed. Cells taken from the sputum of 15 (16.3%) individuals were mutation positive, including 13 (14.1%) individuals each with a p53 mutation, 1 (1.1%) individual with a K-ras mutation and 1 (1.1%) individual with a p53 and a K-ras mutation. p53 mutations were found in both the sputum of individuals with evidence of chronic bronchitis (3 of 46 or 6.5%) and those without evidence of this disease (11 of 46 or 23.9%). Therefore, mutations in the p53 gene and, to a lesser extent, the K-ras gene were frequent in non-malignant epithelial cells taken from the sputum of individuals without evidence of lung cancer who were exposed to smoky coal emissions in Xuan Wei County and were at a high risk for developing the disease.

  4. 探寻魏晋之前生命意识觉醒的历程%On the Life Consciousness Evolution Before: the Wei and Jin Dynasties



    The Wei and Jin Dynasties in Chinese history are generally acknowledged as the age for life consciousness awakening, which finds its full expression in literature as the awareness of the sense of life. The paper aims to explain that life consciousness awakening is a gradual process, of which the fo- cus is transferring from the awareness of external world to the individual' s internal consciousness of life. Therefore, it is a question how the life consciousness evolved before the Wei and Jin Dynasties. The paper makes an analysis of the life consciousness in the Chinese literary classics, which include The Book of Songs , Chuang-tzu , Lament , Hart Fu and Hart Yuefu , in the hope of making a deep exploration into the evolution of life consciousness before the Wei and Jin Dynasties.%魏晋时代被称为是“人的觉醒”的时代,“人的觉醒”在文学中表现为一种强烈的生命意识的觉醒。生命意识的觉醒是一个渐进的过程,是由生命外部的觉醒逐渐转向生命内部本体的觉醒的过程。那么在魏晋之前,生命意识是怎样一步步走向觉醒的呢?通过对《诗经》、《庄子》、《离骚》、汉赋、汉乐府中体现的生命意识的解析,来探寻魏晋之前生命意识渐渐觉醒的历程。

  5. YiQiFuMai Powder Injection Ameliorates Cerebral Ischemia by Inhibiting Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress-Mediated Neuronal Apoptosis

    Guosheng Cao


    Full Text Available YiQiFuMai (YQFM powder injection as a modern preparation derived from Sheng Mai San, a traditional Chinese medicine, has been widely used in the treatment of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. However, its neuroprotective effect and underlying mechanism in cerebral ischemia remain to be explored. The present study was designed to investigate the neuroprotective effect of YQFM on endoplasmic reticulum (ER stress-mediated neuronal apoptosis in the permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion- (MCAO- injured mice and the oxygen-glucose deprivation- (OGD- induced pheochromocytoma (PC12 cells. The results showed that single administration of YQFM (1.342 g/kg, i.p. could reduce the brain infarction and improve the neurological deficits and the cerebral blood flow (CBF after MCAO for 24 h in mice. Moreover, incubation with YQFM (100, 200, and 400 μg/mL could increase the cell viability, decrease the caspase-3 activity, and inhibit the cell apoptosis in OGD-induced PC12 cells for 12 h. In addition, YQFM treatment could significantly modulate cleaved caspase-3 and Bcl-2 expressions and inhibit the expressions of ER stress-related marker proteins and signaling pathways in vivo and in vitro. In conclusion, our findings provide the first evidence that YQFM ameliorates cerebral ischemic injury linked with modulating ER stress-related signaling pathways, which provided some new insights for its prevention and treatment of cerebral ischemia diseases.

  6. Traditional Chinese medicine formula Qing Huo Yi Hao as superoxide anion scavenger in high glucosetreated endothelial cells

    Qiong xu; Bin ZHANG; Xiao-mu LI; Xin GAO


    Aim:To investigate the effects of a traditional Chinese medicine formula Qing Huo Yi Hao (QHYH)and its components on hydroxyl radical (HO·)production in vitro and the activity of QHYH against free radicals in cultured endothelial cells induced by high glucose.Methods:Hydroxyl radicals (HO·)were generated through Fenton reactions in vitro,and 5,5-dimethyl-1-pyrroline N-oxide (DMPO)was used as a spin trap to form DMPO/HO·adducts detected using electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR).Immortalized mouse cerebral microvascular endothelial (bEnd.3)cells were treated with high glucose (35 mmol/L).The free radical scavenging ability of QHYH in the cells was evaluated using EPR.Superoxide dismutase (SOD)was used to identify the free radicals scavenged by QHYH in the cells.Results:QHYH and its 8 components concentration-dependently reduced DMPO/HO· signaling.The DMPO/HO· adduct scavenging ability of QHYH was 82.2%,which was higher than each individual component.The free radical scavenging ability of 1% QHYH in high glucose-treated bEnd.3 cells was approximately 70%.In these cells,the free radicals were also specifically reduced by SOD (400 U/mL),implying that the free radicals were primarily superoxide anions.Conclusion:The results demonstrate that the QHYH formula is potent antioxidant acting as scavenge of superoxide anions in high glucose-treated endothelial cells.

  7. The effect of Bu-Zhong-Yi-Qi-Tang on epidermal melanocytes in ultraviolet B-irradiated mice

    Lee, Hae June [Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Science, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Hwan Sung; Park, Young Jong; Kim, Joong Sun; Moon, Chang Jong; Kim, Jong Choon; Bae, Chun Sik; Kim, Sung Ho [Chonnam National University, Gwangju (Korea, Republic of); Jo, Sung Kee [KAERI, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)


    We induced the activation of melanocytes in the epidermis of C57BL/6 mice by UltraViolet B (UVB) irradiation and observed the effect of Bu-Zhong-Yi-Qi-Tang (BZYQT) on the formation, and decrease of UVB-induced epidermal melanocytes. C57BL/6 mice were irradiated by UVB 80 mJ/cm{sup 2} (0.5 mW/sec) daily for 7 days, and BZYQT was intraperitoneally or topically applied pre- or post-irradiation. For the estimation of change of epidermal melanocytes, light microscopic observation with dihydroxyphenylalanine (DOPA) stain was performed. Split epidermal sheets prepared from the ear of untreated mice exhibited 11-16 melanocytes/mm{sup 2}, and one week after UV irradiation, the applied areas show an increased number of strongly DOPA-positive melanocytes with stout dendrites. But intraperitoneal or topical treatment with BZYQT before each irradiation interrupted UVB-induced pigmentation and resulted in a marked reduction in the number of epidermal melanocytes as compared to radiation control skin. The number and size of DOPA-positive epidermal melanocytes were also significantly decreased in intraperitoneally injected or topically applicated group after irradiation with BZYQT at 3rd and 6th weeks after irradiation. The present study suggests the BZYQT as inhibitor of UVB-induced pigmentation and depigmenting agent.

  8. 刘以敏主任疳证论治%Treating malnutrition by director of LIU Yi-min

    杨旭东; 何萍


      疳证是由多种慢性疾患引起的一种疾病,历代医家在治疗疳证一般从脾胃论治,以健脾化滞、益气生津为法,著名国家级名中医刘以敏主任在治疗本病上有独到见解,首先是强调治未病的观点,其次是分期治疗的观点,治疗上取得满意效果。%  Malnutrition is a disease that caused by various chronic diseases. It was treated according to spleen gastric theory of historical and recent medical, the principle was Jianpi Huazhi and Yiqi Shengjin, but Liu Yi-Min who is famous traditional medicine doctor all over the country has insightful views in treating malnutrition, that the first was the emphasis on the viewpoint of “treating disease”, secondly is the viewpoint of staging treatment, and have satisfactory effect.

  9. Protective effect of the extract of Yi-Qi-Fu-Mai preparation on hypoxia-induced heart injury in mice

    FENG Ya-Qian; JU Ai-Chun; LIU Chun-Hua; WANG Ting; YU Bo-Yang; QI Jin


    Yi-Qi-Fu-Mai (YQFM) is extensively used clinically to treat cardiovascular diseases in China.To explore the anti-hypoxia effect of the extract of YQFM preparation (EYQFM),the EYQFM (1.4,2.8,and 5.5 g·kg-1·d-1) was assessed for its heart-protective effect in a chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) animal model (oxygen pressure 7%-8%,20 min per day) for 28 days of treatment.Betaloc (0.151 6 g·kg-1·d-1) was used as a positive control.The histopathological analyses of heart in CIH mice were conducted.Several cardiac state parameters,such as left ventricular ejection fractions (EF),stroke volume (SV),expression of creatine kinase (CK),lactate dehydrogenase (LDH),superoxide dismutase (SOD),and malondialdehyde (MDA) were measured.The results showed that treatment with EYQFM markedly reversed swelling of the endothelial cells and vacuolization in the heart when compared with the model group.Further study demonstrated that EYQFM significantly improved ventricular myocardial contractility by increasing EF and SV.In addition,EYQFM inhibited the activity of CK,LDH,decreased the level of MDA and improved SOD activity.The results demonstrated that EYQFM significantly improved the tolerability of myocardium to hypoxia and ameliorated the cardiac damage in the CIH model.

  10. JIN Yi-qiang (金益强) An Eminent TCM Expert of Research on Liver


    @@  JIN Yi-qiang was born in September 1932 in Changsha, Hunan Province. He was educated in Hunan Medical University and graduated in 1956. He studied in the first TCM Training Class for Western Physicians in Hunan TCM College and graduated in 1961. He worked in the TCM department and the Institute of Integrated TCM & Western Medicine (WM) in the Affiliated Xiangya Hospital, Hunan Medical University ever since, where he has been engaged in the internal medicine of Integrated TCM and WM for 43 years (including teaching, clinical practice and research work). He became a professor at 1987, and works as tutor for inheriting the experience of veteran TCM experts in China, tutor of postgraduates, director of research department, and deputy director of the institute. Meanwhile, he is the standing director of the Chinese Association of Integrated TCM & WM, the vice director of the Chinese Association of Trace Elemental Science, a member of New Drug Assessment Committee in Hunan Province and the editor of the Journal of Integrated TCM & WM.

  11. The analysis of the beautiful of WANG Wei poem's phonological rhetoric%浅析王维诗歌的语音修辞美



    With the aid of phonological rhetoric, such as symmetrical syllable, alternate tone patterns, natural beat, harmonious poetic feat and picturesque geminate , WANG Wei made his poem more picturesque and viv-id, giving the people the feeling of beauty.%  王维在诗中借助语音修辞---音节匀称、平仄相间、节拍自然、韵脚和谐、叠音生动,使表意更加生动形象,给人以美的感受。

  12. Domestic Business Recruitment, Efficient in Selection and Services——Interview with Miss Chen Wei, Head of Domestic Business Recruitment Group


    @@ The management and services of participating companies is very important in the whole process of Partenariat, including in the phase of business recruitment. Within the 2-day Partenariat, around 5000 rounds of face to face exclusive business talks will be arranged between over 500 host companies and over 400 visiting companies, each round is only of 25 minutes. How can we help companies improve efficiency? The following is an interview between China's Foreign Trade and Miss Chen Wei, Head of Domestic Business Recruitment Group of the Partenariat Executive Commission.

  13. 霍连文和魏县彩印花布工艺%Huo Lianwen and Color Printing Fabric Art in Wei County



    作者通过对魏县彩印花布工艺的考察和对省级非物质文化遗产传承人霍连文的访问,系统梳理了魏县彩印花布工艺的前世今生,记录了霍连文在继承传统基础上的创新.%Through the research on color printing art in Wei County and the interview with the inheritor of provincial non-material cultural heritage Huo Lianwen, the author systematicaly analyzes the history and records Huo''s creativity based on inheritance of tradition.

  14. Wei Zheng and the Spread of the Wine Brewing Technique%魏徵与葡萄酒酿造术的传播



    Wei Zheng was expert in brewing wine, in which hid a much - told story of the exchange of cul- tures between China and foreign countries. Since Han Dynasty, Sogdiana Settlers and monks of Central Asia intro- duced the technique of wine brewing to our Central Plains at the first time. Wei Zheng was a descendant of Gaoche Tribe, which was founded the state of Gaoche in Gaochang. The Gaoche people engaged in agricultural life gradual- ly and absorbed wine brewing techniques originated from Sogdiana. After the decline of the Gaoche Kingdom, its tribe dispersed and its population was subordinated to the Northern Wei Dynasty. In this condition, the technique of wine brewing was introduced into our Central Plains at the second time, whose achievement was the vintage wine brewed by Wei Zheng. After Tang Dynasty recaptured the Westem Regions, this technique was introduced into our Central Plains at the third time. From then on, it is all over popularized%魏徵擅长酿造葡萄酒,其中隐藏着一段中外文化交流的佳话。汉代以来,粟特聚落、中亚僧侣将葡萄酒酿造技术第一次传入中原。魏徵是内附高车部落的后裔,高车部落曾在高昌立国,逐渐接触农业生活,吸收了源自索格底亚那的葡萄酒酿造技术。高车王国衰落后,部落离散,人口内附北魏,葡萄酒酿造技术第二次传入中原,其硕果即魏徵造佳酿。唐朝收复西域后,葡萄酒酿造技术第三次传入中原,以后就普及开了。

  15. Practicability analysis of Chinese Wushu Duan Wei System to local community%武术段位制进社区的可行性分析



    社区是进行一定的社会活动、具有某种互动关系和共同文化维系力的固定活动区域或社会团体.对于固定区域或群体体育的研究,对于开展落实现阶段群众体育工作就显得尤为重要.本文以武术段位制进入社区为切入点,主要运用文献法、逻辑分析法等,对武术段位制进社区的5大意义、5大优势进行分析和总结并提出一些策略即通过全民健身服务体系、政府支持、建立社区武术段位制推广机构开展社区武术段位制考试和培训工作、完善社区体育竞赛体系、充分利用社会上体育人力资源等更好的促进段位制在社区的开展提供可行性的依据.%Community is defined a stationary activity area or a social organization, holding some social activities, having some kind of interactive relations and sustaining force to common culture. Currently, the study of stationary area and group sports is very important for the development and implement of mass sport. Through Chinese Wushu Duan Wei System''s entry to community, this paper mainly used documentation and logical analysis to analyze and summarize five major significance and advantages of it. Meanwhile, this paper further proposed some strategies, like building national fitness service system、getting government support and setting up promotion institutions of Wushu Duan Wei System in local community to develop Community Wushu Duan Wei System test and training, completing community sports competition system and making good use of sports human resources in society and so on, to better promote and practice the spread of Wushu Duan Wei system in local community.

  16. Die Fußballclubs Rot-Weiß Erfurt und Carl Zeiss Jena und ihre Vorgänger in der DDR : ein Vergleich ihrer Bedingungen

    Kummer, Michael


    Der SC Motor/FC Carl Zeiss Jena war seit Ende der 50-er Jahre bis in die 80-er Jahre hinein ein vom DFV der DDR und vom DTSB immer wieder benannter und bestätigter Schwerpunktclub innerhalb der sogenannten zivilen Clubs. Der SC Turbine/FC Rot-Weiß Erfurt konnte diesen Status innerhalb des Fußballverbands dagegen nie erreichen. Die zentrale Frage dieser Dissertation nach den spezifischen Bedingungsgefügen des zivilen Schwerpunktclubs FC Carl Zeiss Jena (und Vorgänger) und des zivilen Nichtschw...

  17. Long-term treatment with shengmai san-derived herbal supplement (Wei Kang Su) enhances antioxidant response in various tissues of rats with protection against carbon tetrachloride hepatotoxicity.

    Leong, Pou Kuan; Chen, Na; Chiu, Po Yee; Leung, Hoi Yan; Ma, Chung Wah; Tang, Qing Tao; Ko, Kam Ming


    Wei Kang Su (WKS) is a commercial herbal product based on a Chinese herbal formula, Shengmai San. Here, we investigated the effects of long-term treatment with WKS on mitochondrial antioxidant status and functional ability, as well as heat shock protein (Hsp) 25/70 production, in various tissues of rats. WKS treatment enhanced mitochondrial antioxidant status and ATP generation capacity, as well as Hsp 25/70 production in various rat tissues. WKS treatment suppressed plasma reactive oxygen metabolite levels and protected against carbon tetrachloride hepatotoxicity in rats. Long-term WKS treatment may prevent diseases by enhancing the resistance of mitochondria to oxidative stress.

  18. An in vitro study of the antioxidant activities and effect on human DNA of the Chinese herbal decoction 'Liu Wei Di Huang'.

    Szeto, Yim-Tong; Lei, Pui-Cheong; Ngai, Kam-Leong; Yiu, Andy Tak-Wah; Chan, Catarina Sin-Pek; Kok, Edith Wun-Fong; Leong, Chi-Wa


    A Chinese medicinal formulation, 'Liu Wei Di Huang', and its individual components have been tested for the genoprotective effect on human DNA by the comet assay. Results showed no DNA protection contributed by this prescription. However, the aqueous extracts of individual herbs, namely Cortex Moutan and Rhizoma Dioscoreae, were able to decrease by 10-15% the DNA stand break from hydrogen peroxide-mediated oxidative stress. This provides insight to further evaluate the interaction among herbs and the search for the active ingredient responsible for the DNA protective effect.

  19. Arrangement and Research on the Radical System of Yi Language in Northwestern Guizhou Province%黔西北彝文部首系统的整理与研究



    Yi language in Northwestern Guizhou Province is an id-eograph with the wording rules of hieroglyph, self-explanation, association, pictophmetic character-formation, mutually explana-tion and borrowing, which are the same as those of Chinese char-acters. But the character patterns are complicated in Yi language with a lot of single characters and less compound characters, and besides, there is no fixed character component expressing"cate-gories of meaning"and defining radicals, so the study of Yi lan-guage cannot be based on theories of Chinese characters, but on the rules of character formation in Yi language. The arrangement of the radical system of Yi language is an important fundamental work, as it is of great theoretical and practical significance to the compilation of Yi language works and implementation of informa-tion-based Yi language.%黔西北彝文也是表意文字,和汉字一样,也有象形、指事、会意、形声造字法和转注、假借的用字规律。但其文字字形复杂,独体字多,合体字少,又没有固定表示“义类”的偏旁,确定彝文部首,不能按汉字学的理论,要遵循彝文造字的规律来遴选和甄别。整理彝文部首系统,是一项重要的基础性工作,对于编纂彝文子书、实施彝文信息化具有重要的理论和实践意义。

  20. The Cultural Ecology Explanation to Physical Education Culture Occurrence Mechanism of Yi People in Bijie%毕节彝族体育文化发生机制的文化生态学阐释



    The beginning of the Yi nationality sports culture, standing on the perspective of culture ecolo⁃gy coupling relationship are examined Yi sports cultural and ecological environment. This relationship in eco⁃logical environment determines the content and form of Yi sports cultural events. On the other hand, Yi sports cultural adapts to the natural environment, social environment and cultural environment has the subjective ini⁃tiative. Research by interpreting the relationship between Yi sports cultural and ecological environment in or⁃der to better protect and inherit the Yi nationality sports culture resources, so as to promote the sustainable de⁃velopment of the sports culture of Yi people.%从毕节彝族体育文化的起源入手,以文化生态学视角审视彝族体育文化与生态环境密不可分的耦合关系。这种关系表现在一方面生态环境决定了毕节彝族体育文化事象的内容与形式,另一方面毕节彝族体育文化适应自然环境、社会环境和人文环境等具有主观能动性。阐释彝族体育文化与生态环境的关系是为了更好地保护和传承毕节彝族体育文化资源,从而促进毕节彝族体育文化的可持续发展。

  1. 路遥小说中进城农民的身份研究%Identity Study of Rural-urban Migrants in Lu Yao's Novels



    At the beginning of the new-period literature, Lu Yao, out of sincerity and love for the land , paid his attention to the new generation of confused but struggling peasants who lived in the"intersecting zone between town and country"against a certain historical background. In the contradictory mode between town and country, these enlightened youths were clearly aware of urban and rural differences in living standards. They envied the realities of urban civilization, feeling eager to drop into the arms of the city and change their identity. However, such a process was extremely obstructed for the reason of the social organization and consciousness in a certain historical context. Even though they entered the city, they could not always be accepted by urban residents. The identity of rural-urban migrants rendered them the special positioning of belonging to neither town or country, or vice versa. Such an embarrassing identity vividly reflected the history in which those discontented peasants migrated to the city at the beginning of the reform and opening-up policy carried out.%新时期文学复苏伊始,路遥出于对土地的执着和热爱,将目光投向了“城乡交叉地带”中在特定历史条件下迷茫、奋斗的新一代农民。在城乡二元对立的模式之下,这些农村中的知识青年看到了乡村的蒙昧和城市的富足。他们欣羡现代文明的成果,渴望投入城市的怀抱,改变自己的农民身份。然而,由于特定历史条件下社会体制及意识观念的因素,他们身份习得的过程倍显艰难,进入到城市之中却通常得不到认可。其进城农民的身份彰显了他们自身在城乡交叉之中非城非乡、亦城亦乡的特殊定位。他们的这一身份略显尴尬却也生动地映射了改革之初那一批不安分的农民向城市进军的历史。

  2. 对魏晋士人同一性危机的探源与思考——兼评郭世轩先生的《魏晋艺术精神研究》%Exploration and Thinking on Intellectual Identity Crisis in Wei and Jin Dynasties -- Also a Comment on Guo Shixuan's "Spirit of Art in Wei and Jin Dynasties"



    魏晋士人的同一性危机,既是一个时代问题,也是一个世代问题。研究魏晋士人的同一性危机,不仅要着眼于魏晋时期的政治、经济与文化,也要探源逐流,研究两汉时期的历史状况。魏晋士人的同一性危机在两汉时期就已经埋下了伏笔。两汉时期,尤其是儒学取得至尊地位以后,士人受儒家伦理道德观念的浸染,志行高洁,少有违礼纵情的。但由于两汉政治局势的混乱,儒学一度低迷,士人的思想极端混乱,这为魏晋士人的自我认同埋下了祸根。同时,由于魏晋的政局更加无序,尤其是统治者对名教的破坏,使得魏晋士人的同一性危机更加突出。%The intellectual identity crisis in Wei and Jin dynasties is not only a problem of the era, but also a descended issue. Studying of the intellectual identity crisis, requires focusing not only on the political, economic and cultural aspects, but also on the historic status left from the two Han dynasties. The intellectual identity crisis in Wei and Jin dynasties was descended from the two Han dynasties. had supreme status, scholars influenced by Confucian ethics norms norms to indulge in other behaviors. But due to the chaos in political During the two Han dynasties, Confucianism had noble virtues, and rarely breached the situation of two Han dynasties, Confucianism was once neglected, and the thoughts of scholars were extremely confused, which became the curse for the intellectual identity crisis in Wei and Jin dynasties. At the same time, because the political situation in Wei and Jin dynasties was even more disordered, especially because of the destruction of the Confucian ethical code by the rulers, the intellectual identity crisis in Wei and Jin dynasties was more outstanding.

  3. Contribution of Fragmentary Argumentation of Qi Min Yao Shu to the Construction of Accounting Culture%《齐民要术・杂说》对会计文化建设的贡献


      贾思勰《齐民要术・杂说》对会计文化的贡献很多,包括提高利用固定资产效率、预测决策、实地考察、区别对待、调节市场、提高效益等思想,其对中国会计文化建设的核心贡献就在于合理有效运用“资产”。%Qi Min Yao Shu written by Jia Sixie has made great contributions to accounting culture , including:improving the efficiency of using fixed assets , decision predicting, taking field trips, dealing with different lands in different ways, adjusting the market, improving effectiveness and so on.The contribution of Qi Min Yao Shu to the construction of Chinese accounting culture lies in that it teaches a lesson of how to make use of "assets"reasonably and effectively.

  4. Three problems and the truth may hide in the history in"Yao Dian"%《尧典》中的三个问题及可能隐藏的历史真相



    As the important books, in"Shangshu · Yaodian"recorded, the legend of Yao and Shun’s abdication and primitive tribal leader election system is very similar, the puzzling problem can also through the study of primitive tribal leaders change of power inanswer. Therefore, some historical facts of Chinese primitive tribal leader election system hidden in"Yao Dian".%作为先秦重要典籍,《尚书·尧典》中记载的尧舜禅让传说与原始部落首领选举制极为相似,其令人费解的问题也可以通过对原始部落首领权力更替中的研究得到答案。因此,《尧典》中隐藏着华夏民族原始部落首领选举制的某些历史真相。

  5. 管弦乐《瑶族舞曲》的创作及其评析%Analysis on the Creation of Orchestra "Dancing Music of Yao Minority"



    The orchestra "Dancing Music of Yao Minority" has been long-spread and well-known in China. Where did the source of creativity come from? It is said to be from Yunnan, Guangxi or Hainan in some record published descriptions and the books of music appreciation, which has been under discussion for a long time. The paper is to clarify in analyzing and commenting on the work and the creation process of "Dancing Music of Yao Minority" .%流传已久的我国著名管弦乐《瑶族舞曲》,其创作源泉来自何处?有唱片出版说明或音乐欣赏书籍上介绍是云南或广西,亦有说是海南的,其不定性讨论已久。本文对《瑶族舞曲》的创作经过及作品展开了评论分析,以示正听。

  6. Comparative study on influence factors of physical development in Han and Yao nationality students ;in Guangxi%广西汉族和瑶族学生体格发育影响因素的对比性研究

    廖玉波; 唐国杰; 陈华; 盘云峰; 龚妃妃; 李春灵


    目的探讨广西汉、瑶族中小学生体格发育影响因素的异同,为制定本地区汉、瑶族学生生长发育干预措施提供参考依据。方法分别抽取7、10、13岁的汉、瑶族学生330和301人,进行体格测量和生长发育影响因素调查。结果(1)男生体格发育无民族差异;女生7岁组瑶族身高、体重均优于汉族,10岁、13岁组身高为汉族优于瑶族,体重无民族差异。(2)23项生长发育影响因素中,除经济情况、富蛋白质食品和水果供给及睡眠质量为汉族略优外,其余因素在两民族的情况相仿。(3)多元线性逐步回归分析表明,除年龄外,挑食习惯是决定汉、瑶族学生身高、体重的最重要因素。身高还与父母身高及膳食营养状况有关,体重则主要表现为膳食营养状况的影响。结论汉、瑶族学生的体格发育差异不明显,生长发育影响因素相似,膳食营养状况是最主要的影响因素。建议对汉、瑶族学生可采取相同的生长发育干预策略,但在具体措施上有所区别。%Objective To investigate the similarities and differences of influence factors for adolescents’ physical development in Han and Yao nationality students of Guangxi, and provide reference basis for formulating the intervention measures of adolescents’ growth and development in the local area. Methods Three hundred and thirty students of Han ethnic and 301 students of Yao ethnic aged 7, 10 and 13 were selected. Their physical development indexes were measured and the influence factors of adolescents’ growth and development investigated. Results ①The ethnic differences in boys’ physical development were not found, in 7 years old group of girls, the height and weight of Yao ethnic were both higher than Han, in 10 and 13 years old groups, the height of Han was higher than Yao, and no ethnic differences in weight was found. ② In the 23 influence factors, only the

  7. 广东省连山县瑶族民歌的音乐形态特征%On Morphological Characteristics of Folk Song of Yao Minority in Lianshan County of Guangdong



    由于各民族的文化传统、地理环境、语言、生活习惯等各方面的原因,民歌也具有不同的特征。本文从音阶调式终止式、Compass音域与旋法、节奏节拍、曲式结构等六个方面对瑶族民歌的音乐形态进行分析,旨在更好地掌握瑶族民歌的风格特点。%Characteristics of folk songs varies with minority's cultural traditions,geographical environments,languages,living habits and other aspects.This article analyses folk song of Yao from six aspects such as scales and modal cadence,range and melody,rhythm beats and the form structure in order to better grasp the characteristics of folk song of Yao.

  8. Causes of Restatemant Phenomenon of Yi Chinese Poems in New Era%新时期彝族汉语诗歌中的“长诗重述”现象及成因



    彝族是一个具有诗歌传统的民族,有着丰富的古籍文献长诗。长篇巨制的诗歌为古籍的主要表现形式。在当代,彝族的诗歌创作与其他汉语现代新诗的篇幅形式类似,然而新世纪以来,彝族诗人们的创作中又重新出现了长篇诗歌的踪迹,一些中青年彝族诗人更喜欢尝试用长诗的形式进行写作。对这一现象展开观察和论述,可以进一步考察其历史记忆重构的深层原因。%Yi is a nationality with poetry tradition which retained rich ancient poem. The long production poem is the main form of ancient documents. In modern society, Yi Chinese poem is the same space with other Chinese modern poems, however, there are some new long production Yi Chinese poems in the new century, some young and mid-ages Yi poets like to write poems with the long produc-tion form. This thesis observed and discussed the phenomenon and go on the deep reason of the re-construction of Yi historical memory.

  9. The Investigation of Yi Nationality Students’Intergeneration--Taking Xichang College as an Example%彝族大学生代际关系现状调查--以西昌学院为例



    以西昌学院为例,通过问卷调查,对彝族大学生的代际关系进行探讨,认为彝族大学生的代际关系呈现出三个主要特点:第一,对父母形象的认知整体上是正面;第二,与父母联系方式趋于现代化;第三,重大决定自己做主。%The author has invested 400 Yi nationality students in Xichang College about their intergeneration. The investigation showed three characteristics about Yi nationality students’intergeneration. First, almost all parents' impression was positive in Yi nationality students’mind. Second, the way which Yi nationality students attached their parents was modern. Third, Yi nationality students themselves decided the important things which related their futures.

  10. İbrahim Süreyya Bey (Yiğit ’in Hayatı ve Parlamenter Faaliyetleri İbrahim Süreyya Bey (Yiğit’s Life And Parliamentary Activities

    Vicdan ÖZTÜRK


    Full Text Available In this article, life and parliamentary activities of İbrahim Süreyya Yiğit who first saw the light of day in the last period of Ottoman Empire and who witnessed decline of the Empire and struggled to save it were addressed. Having graduated from Faculty of Political Sciences, İbrahim Süreyya entered upon his career in duty position. He lived out nearly best part of his life with risky adventures. During his biennial officialism process, his relationship with the Party of Union and Progress caused him to stay in Sinop prison in repressive days of the period of II. Abdülhamit. In subsequent years after his three year imprisonment, Party of Union and Progress came into power; therefore he continued his mission with administrative duties. While İbrahim Süreyya was a provincial district governor in one of Rumelian lands, Turco- Italian War broke out; therefore he resigned from his administrative duty without any hesitation and crusaded as a volunteer. In this war, he entered into Mustafa Kemal’s service and their friendship which would last for long years began. When İbrahim Süreyya was governor of Gallipoli during First World War years, their paths with Mustafa Kemal crossed again. İbrahim Süreyya experienced trashing of war actually and he was one of the people who commenced struggle in Anatolia by taking chances with his intimate friend Mustafa Kemal during catasrtophic days in which enemies were trying to split the country. İbrahim Süreyya who took sides with Mustafa Kemal even after War of Independence and who was one of the individuals having established a state from wrecks of the war, served in the government throughout his life lasting till 1950s. Bu makalede Osmanlı Devletinin son döneminde hayata gözlerini açan ve imparatorluğun çöküşüne şahitlik ederek, onu kurtarma mücadelesi veren İbrahim Süreyya Bey (Yiğit’in hayatı ve parlamenter faaliyetleri ele alınmaktadır. Mekteb-i Mülkiye’yi bitirdikten

  11. 郑卫婚恋诗中的女性形象%The Female Images in Love Poems of Zheng and Wei



    The thesis firstly analyzes the reasons of the abundant female characters in love poems of Zheng and Wei in The Book of Songs. One reason is social conditions and the other one is gender difference. Then taking the specific poems as examples, the thesis analyzes the beauty of female characters successively from appearance, morality and spirit. The females in love poems of Zheng and Wei are beautiful for being slim and tall in aspect of appearance, being respectful, cautious and submissive in aspect of morality, and being independent and self-esteeming in aspect of spirit.%首先分析了《诗经》中郑卫婚恋诗中女性形象众多的原因,一是社会条件所致,二是男女性别差异。然后以具体诗歌为例,从容仪、品德、精神三个方面依次对女性形象之美作了分析。郑卫婚恋诗中的女性形象容仪方面主要以修长高大为美,品德方面主要以恭谨柔顺为美,精神方面表现出了独立自尊之美。

  12. 王维辋川诗意象解读*%The Illustration of the Images of Wang Wei's Wang Chuan Poems



    王维辋川诗意象的营造是他追求纯真高洁的审美理想,融合在自然美之中的结晶。诗人能辩证地处理意象的虚实、动静、主次、繁简的关系,精致地描绘山林幽美清空的空灵之境,使言外之旨、象外之趣包含在精炼的意象之中,王维乐隐林泉沉醉自然山水之情因他刻画的意象而跃然纸上。%The creation of images in Wang Wei's Wang Chuan poems is his aesthetic ideal,which means the pursuit of purity and nobility and is fused in the natural beauty's crystallization.The poet can dialectically handle the relations between the empty and solid,act and quiet,primary and seconda-ry,complicatedness and simple of the image,can skillfully depicts the airy transcendence of the na-ture's beauty,and can present the implicated meaning and the fun beside the image in the refined ima-ges.Thus,Wang Wei's love of nature has been expressed vividly for his application of images.

  13. Micro-Raman analysis of the pigments on painted pottery figurines from two tombs of the Northern Wei Dynasty in Luoyang

    Liu, Zhaojun; Han, Yunxia; Han, Ligang; Cheng, Yongjian; Ma, Yiqiang; Fang, Li


    The pigments on the painted pottery figurines from two tombs of Northern Wei Dynasty (AD 386-534) in Luoyang were analyzed by Raman microscopy. All the pigments were identified compared with the Raman spectra of standard pigments. The red pigments were identified as haematite, the blue pigment as lapis lazuli, the green pigment as malachite, the black pigment as carbon black and the white pigment as calcite. Similar pigments were used in the two tombs despite the pottery figurines were very different in artistic style. The use of lapis lazuli as blue pigment on Chinese painted pottery figurines was found for the first time. This pigment and the painted pottery figurine of Sogdians are of great archaeological significance because it demonstrated that the trade and cultural exchanges via the Silk Road had extended to Luoyang city in the Northern Wei Dynasty. The result also confirms that micro-Raman spectroscopy is a powerful analytical method for the identification of pigments on ancient artworks.

  14. Prevalence of HBV infection and virus genotypes in Yao population of Ruyuan area, Guangdong province%广东乳源瑶族居民HBV感染及基因型分析

    李德昌; 马超; 林潮双; 卢志坚; 范红顺; 谢鸿恩; 何国伟; 姜清明; 沈莉华


    目的 了解广东省乳源地区瑶族居民乙型肝炎病毒(HBV)感染率,分析其基因型与临床疾病谱关系.方法采用酶联免疫吸附(ELISA)方法对665名瑶族、589名汉族居民的HBV血清学标志物进行检测,采用微板核酸分子杂交ELISA法对97例不同临床类型的乙型肝炎患者基因型进行检测.结果乳源地区瑶族居民HBsAg阳性率(20.3%)明显高于汉族(13.4%),且2个民族男性居民HBsAg阳性率差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);97例瑶族HBV感染者以B基因型(52.58%)、C基因型(36.08%)为主;B/C混合型、C/D混合型、A、D型分别检出4、3、2、2例,未检出E、F基因型;HBV无症状携带者在B基因型中比例(52.94%)高于C型中同类人群(25.71%),慢性乙型肝炎轻、中度患者在B基因型比例(27.45%)低于C型(62.85%),其他临床类型差异无统计学意义.结论乳源地区瑶族居民男性HBsAg阳性率明显高于汉族;HBV感染以B基因型为主,C型次之.%Objective To explore the prevalence of hepatitis B viras(HBV) infection in Yao population in Ruyuan area of Guangdong province and to investigate the correlation between HBV genotypes and clinical disease spectrum. Methods Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay ( ELISA) was used to detect HBV markers of 665 Yao and 589 Han residents. Microboard nucleate molecular hybridization ELISA was used to detect HBV genotype among 97 cases with different clinical types of HBV infection. Results The HBsAg positive rate of Yao population(20. 3% ) was higher than that of Han population 13. 4%) and a significant higher rate was found in the males than in the females(25. 81% vs 13. 22% ,P <0.05). Among the 97 HBV patients of Yao,genotype B took up the highest proportion(52. 58% ,51/97) .followed by genotype C (36.08% ,35/97). Totally 7 cases of mixed genotype(4 cases of B/C,3 cases of C/D.2 cases of genotype A and D) were detected. The proportion of genotype B was higher than that of genotype C(52

  15. 广东连南瑶族成人龋病流行病学调查%An epidemiological survey on prevalence of caries among adults of Yao in Liannan in Guangdong

    尹志英; 曾木秀; 冯铁军; 王玉栋; 孟文霞; 黄友凤


    目的:调查广东连南瑶族成人(35~44岁年龄组)龋病流行情况,为连南瑶族地区开展龋病防治措施提供依据。方法采用多阶段分层等容量随机抽样的方法,抽取连南县城和各乡镇年龄在35~44岁之间的瑶族人720名,进行龋病流行病学调查。结果连南瑶族成人患龋率为58.33%,乡镇明显高于县城(c2=7.406,P=0.006);龋均为5.63±4.92,乡镇明显高于县城(u=2.704,P=0.007);龋齿充填率为7.20%,县城明显高于乡镇(c2=33.962,P<0.001);平均失牙数为3.04,乡镇明显高于县城(u=5.000,P<0.001)。结论连南瑶族成人龋病的流行病学情况城乡差异显著,且龋齿充填率较低,平均失牙数较高。%Objective To explore the prevalence of caries among 35⁃44 years old adults of Yao in Liannan, North⁃west of Guangdong, in order to provide basis for the caries prevention. Methods 720 Yao individuals ranged from 35 to 44 years old living in Liannan country and township were selected by multistage stratified random sampling. And then, a cross⁃sectional survey of caries was carried out. Results The prevalence of caries among Yao adults of Liannan was 58.33%. The prevalence of people living in township was higher than those in country (c2=7.406, P=0.006). DFT (decay and filled tooth) was 5.63 ± 4.92. DFT of people living in township was higher than those in country (u=2.704, P = 0.007). The filling rate of caries was 7.20%. The filling rate of people living in country was higher than those in township (c2 = 33.962, P<0.001). The average number of missing teeth was 3.04. The people living in township had more missing teeth than those in country (u=5.000, P<0.001). Conclusion There were significant differences be⁃tween people living in township and country of Yao residents in Liannan, in caries prevalence, filling rate and missing teeth aspects. The filling rate of caries was low and the average number of

  16. The care of life from the view of underworld ——On Zhang Xianliang' Yi Yi Liu%底层视野下的生命关怀——论张贤亮的《一亿陆》



    张贤亮是一位敢于突破"禁区"的作家,他的长篇力作《一亿陆》"剑走偏锋",讲述了一个人种退化的问题,作者将这种对人类生命的终极关怀置于社会的最底层进行言说,充分显示了作家的底层视野,是一种底层视野下的生命关怀。%Zhang Xianliang is a writer who dares to break the "forbidden zone".His novel Yi Yi Liu(meaning One Hundred Million Land) is the story of race degradation.The writer gives ultimate care to the underworld people's life,fully showing his underworld vision.His novel concerns itself with the life of the underworld people.

  17. An Integrated Model of Surface Water and Groundwater Interactions at Yi-lan Area in Northeastern Taiwan

    Chiu, Y.; Yeh, C. K.


    Interaction between surface water (SW) and groundwater (GW) plays an important role in local society and ecosystem, especially in areas with limited water resources. Historically, hydrologic simulations have not accounted for feedback looks between the GW system and other hydrologic processes. Integrated SW-GW modelling can provide a comprehensive and coherent understanding on basin-scale water cycle and better manage the water resources for sustainable usage. At Yi-lan area, hydrological modelling has been performed for both the entire SW and GW systems along, but fully integrated SW-GW modeling has not been attempted for this area. In order to enhance the efficiency of water useage, a coupled GW and SW flow model (GSFLOW), developed by U.S. Geological Survey, is selected as the numerical model to simulate the major processes of the hydrologic cycle. GSFLOW integrated PRMS with MODFLOW-2005 which perform surface hydrology simulation and 3-D groundwater simulation, respectively. The data of solar radiation, land use, precipitation, temperature, river stage, stream flow rate, groundwater level, and digital elevation model were collected from 2004-2012 to develop the simulation model. The coupled GSFLOW model is calibrated by automatic parameter estimation approach of using streamflows and groundwater levels. The singular value decomposition (SVD) method is performed to avoid the instability of solution during the model calibration. The calibrated results show that the state variables and fluxes in basin-scale water cycle can be simulated with high spatial and temporal resolutions, and all the important hydrologic processes can be characterized simultaneously in an integrated framework. The scenarios with different precipitation distributions and temperature patterns are conducted on the calibrated model to forecast the dynamic variations of hydrologic processes in the entire water basin. This study clearly demonstrated the benefits of using a physically based

  18. 基于《海腮耄启》的彝族传统家道教育研究--以彝族传统婚礼家道教育为例%A Study on Yi Traditional Family Education based on Morality and Ethics--Taking the Traditional Wedding of Yi People as an Example

    杨娟; 刘云


    家道即治家、成家之道,是家庭赖以成立、维持和发展的规则和道理。彝族典籍《海腮耄启》收录了大量关于文化知识和道德教育的诗文,其中有些是彝族婚礼仪式上传唱的酒礼,有的是司仪诵读的祝词,彝语叫“尤咪”,属于彝族传统家道教育的一部分,主要用于彝族伦理道德教化。虽然时过境迁,但其充满哲理的彝族家道教育思想,对于当今的家庭教育仍然具有一定的启示作用。%The truth and rules of starting and regulating a family are essential to its founding, maintaining and developing. The ancient classic Morality and Ethics of Yi nationality includes voluminous articles and po⁃ems about cultural education, some of which are toasts during the wedding process and ceremonial speeches and prayers called You Mi in Yi by the wedding emcee. It’s part of Yi traditional family education used in mo⁃rality and ethic teaching. Even though circumstances have changed with the passage of time,Yi people’s fami⁃ly educational thoughts are still philosophically imbued and still are illuminating and enlightening in today’s family education.

  19. 《柳毅传书遇洞庭水仙女》与《柳毅传》情节、题旨比较研究%The plot and theme study of"Liu Yi book in Dongting water Fairy"and"biography of Liu Yi"



    "Biography of Liu Yi"was a representative text of Tang Chuanqi, later adapted for many,"Liu Yi book in Dongting water Fairy"was"new chapter", was the first adaptation of forming work, can arouse researchers’ attention. This article from two aspects of the plot and the theme to analyze the inheritance and development of"biography of Liu Yi".%《柳毅传》是唐传奇的代表篇章,后世多有改编之作,《柳毅传书遇洞庭水仙女》是《新编醉翁谈录》中的一章,也是《柳毅传》第一部改编的成形之作,不能不引起研究者重视。本文试从情节和题旨两个角度分析《柳毅传书遇洞庭水仙女》对《柳毅传》的继承和发展。

  20. KOUADIO YAO P..pmd


    L'étude sur la lutte biologique contre les adventices des bananiers s'est déroulée dans la zone de Dabou, au sud de la Côte d'Ivoire. ... Résidus (LMR) de pesticides et de préservation .... Ceux de la parcelle A-12 ont levé spontanément et n'ont ..... No d'ordre. Espèces adventices. Indices d'abondance-dominance moyens.

  1. Association between genetic variants in NOD2, C13orf31, and CCDC122 genes and leprosy among the Chinese Yi population.

    Xiong, Jun-Hao; Mao, Chong; Sha, Xiao-Wei; Jin, Zheng; Wang, Hao; Liu, Yang-Ying; Ning, Yong


    A significant association between single nucleotide polymorphisms in NOD2, C13orf31, and CCDC122 genes and leprosy has been reported in a previous genome-wide association study of leprosy in the Chinese Han population. However, it remains unknown whether this association exists among the Chinese Yi population. The aim of this study was to investigate whether single nucleotide polymorphisms in NOD2, C13orf31, and CCDC122 genes are associated with leprosy among the Chinese Yi population in China. We genotyped rs9302752, rs7194886, rs8057341, and rs3135499 in the NOD2 gene; rs3764147 and rs10507522 in the C13orf31 gene; and rs3088362 and rs9533634 in the CCDC122 gene in a Chinese Yi cohort comprised of 319 patients with leprosy and 355 ethnic-matched controls. The differences between the patients and healthy controls were analyzed using chi-squared analysis. Significant differences of rs3135499 in NOD2, rs3764147 and rs10507522 in C13orf31, and rs3088362 and rs9533634 in CCDC122 were observed between the patients and the healthy control groups in the cohort. The allelic P values and odd ratios were as follows: rs3135499, 1.0 × 10(-8) and 2.55; rs3764147, 1.7 × 10(-7) and 1.88; rs10507522, 1.16 × 10(-5) and 1.95; rs3088362, 8.2 × 10(-4) and 1.51; rs9533634, 5.34 × 10(-5) and 1.73. No significant differences were found in the distributions of rs9302752, rs7194886, and rs8057341 between the patients and healthy controls. We demonstrated that genetic variants in the NOD2, C13orf31, and CCDC122 genes are closely associated with leprosy among the Chinese Yi population, which implicates the pathogenic role of NOD2, C13orf31, and CCDC122 genes in a different ethnicity. © 2015 The International Society of Dermatology.

  2. The Theoretical Basis of the Natural Approach and Its Application in Oral English Teaching in Universities——Take an Example of Zun Yi Normal College

    张菀心; 刘文俊


    For centuries, foreign teachers had a dream that is how to learned foreign language by learning the method of mother tongue? In 1983, Krashen and Terrell invented the Natural Approach. The natural approach lays stress on comprehensible input, setting up a goal at different stage and paying attention to the learner’s interest and feelings. This paper tells about the theoretical basis of the Natural Approach and the writer’s practice of applying some ideas of the Natural Method to her teaching of oral English. And take an example of Zun Yi normal college.

  3. The Theoretical Basis of the Natural Approach and Its Application in Oral English Teaching in Universities--Take an Example of Zun Yi Normal College

    张菀心; 刘文俊


    For centuries, foreign teachers had a dream that is how to learned foreign language by learning the method of mother tongue? In 1983, Krashen and Terrell invented the Natural Approach. The natural approach lays stress on comprehensible input, setting up a goal at different stage and paying attention to the learner’s interest and feelings. This paper tells about the theoretical basis of the Natural Approach and the writer’s practice of applying some ideas of the Natural Method to her teaching of oral English. And take an example of Zun Yi normal college.

  4. The WEI6K, a 6-kW 7-m Small Wind Turbine: Final Technical Report

    Wetzel, Kyle K.; McCleer, Patrick J.; Hahlbeck, Edwin C.; DOE Project Office - Keith Bennett


    This project was selected by the U.S. Department of Energy under a DOE solicitation “Low Wind Speed Technology for Small Turbine Development.” The objective of this project has been to design a new small wind turbine with improved cost, reliability and performance in grid-connected residential and small business applications, in order to achieve the overall DOE goal of cost effectiveness in Class 3 wind resources that can now be achieved in Class 5 resources. The scope of work for this project has been to complete the preliminary design of an improved small wind turbine, including preliminary loads and strength analyses; analysis and design of all major components; systems integration and structural dynamic analysis; estimation of life-cycle cost of energy; and design documentation and review. The project did not entail hardware fabrication or testing. The WEI6K Turbine resulting from this project is an upwind horizontal-axis wind turbine rated at 6 kW. It features a 3-blade 7-m diameter rotor. The generator is a direct-drive permanent magnet synchronous machine generating 3-phase power at 240 VAC. The turbine is maintained oriented in to the wind via active yaw control using electromechanical servos. Power is regulated with active blade pitch control. The turbine is presently designed to be placed on a 100-foot (30m) tower. The turbine is predicted to generate electricity at a levelized cost of energy (COE) between 7.3 and 8.9 ¢/kWh at an IEC Class II site, with an average wind speed of 8.5 m/s at hub height, depending upon whether the customer uses a guyed truss tower (the lower figure) or a monopole tower. For the NREL Reference Site, with a mean wind speed of 5.35 m/s at 10 m height, the turbine would generate at a levelized cost of energy of between 9.7 and 11.9 ¢/kWh. The lowest of these numbers is presently competitive with retail electricity rates in most of the country. The 8.9 ¢/kWh is still competitive with retail rates in many regions of the

  5. Effects of Wei Chang An on expression of multiple genes in human gastric cancer grafted onto nude mice

    Ai-Guang Zhao; Ting Li; Sheng-Fu You; Hai-Lei Zhao; Ying Gu; Lai-Di Tang; Jin-Kun Yang


    AIM:To investigate the expression of multiple genes in Chinese jianpi herbal recipe Wei Chang An (WCA) in human gastric cancer cell line SGC-7901.METHODS:A human gastric adenocarcinoma cell line SGC-7901 grafted onto nude mice was used as the animal model.The mice were randomly divided into 3 groups,one control and the two representing experimental conditions.Animals in the two experimental groups received either WCA over a 34-d period or 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) over 6-d period starting at 8th d after grafting.Control animals received saline on an identical schedule.Animals were killed 41 d after being grafted.The expression profiles in paired WCA treated gastric cancer samples and the N.S.control samples were studied by using a cDNA array representing 14181 cDNA clusters.The alterations in gene expression levels were confirmed by Real-time Quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR).RESULTS:When compared with controls,the average tumor inhibitory rate in WCA group was 44.32%±5.67% and 5-FU 47.04% 4±11.33% (P<0.01,respectively).The average labeling index (LI) for PCNA in WCA group and 5-FU group was significantly decreased compared with the control group.Apoptotic index (AI) was significantly increased to 9.72%±4.51% using the terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated deoxyuridine triphosphate fluorescence nick end labeling (TUNEL) method in WCA group compared with the controls 2.45%±1.37%.5-FU group was also found to have a significantly increased AI compared with the controls.The expression of cleaved Caspase-3 in WCA group and 5-FU group was significantly increased compared with the control group respectively.There were 45 different expressed sequence tags (ESTs) among the control sample pool and WCA sample pool.There were 24 ESTs up-regulated in WCA samples and 21 ESTs down-regulated.By using qPCR,the expression level of Stat3,rap2 interacting protein x (RIPX),regulator of differentiation 1 (ROD1) and Bcl-2 was lower in WCA group than that in control

  6. On Development Change and Standard about Yi Calligraphy Writing Style%论彝文书法章法中行款的发展转变及其标准



    In ancient times,Yi calligraphy writing style has been formed to the pattern which is from top to bottom,left to right. Modern times,Due to the influence of the great historical change,there was still some pattern which is from top to bottom,left to right,but it's not mainstream. In recent years,by comparing Yi calligraphy exhibition and Yi calligraphy anthology. The vast majority of works took the form which is from top to bottom,left to right, departed from the traditional Yi calligraphy writing style,we should strengthen the learning and education of Yi character,uphold the standard mode writing on the left in Yi traditional calligra-phy.%彝文书写的行款,在古代就已经形成了从上到下、从左到右的格式.近代以后由于受到巨大的历史变革的影响,偶尔有从上到下、从右到左的形式,但不是主流.近年来,多次比较大型的彝文书法展览和出版的彝文书法选集,绝大多数作品都采取了从上到下、从右到左的形式,背离了传统彝文书法的行款格式,应该从加强传统彝文的学习教育、坚持彝文书法传统的左书标准模式等方面给予及时纠正.

  7. Human platelet antigen gene polymorphism analysis in Yao and Zhuang nationality in Guangxi%广西地区壮族瑶族人群人类血小板抗原基因的多态性分析

    杨兰; 梁秀云; 曾江辉


    目的研究广西地区壮族、瑶族人群人类血小板抗原(H PA )1~17bw基因的表达差异。方法采用序列特异引物-聚合酶链反应(PCR-SSP)方法对广西地区100例壮族和100例瑶族健康个体进行 HPA 1~17bw系统基因分型,比较壮族和瑶族的 HPA基因频率。结果等位基因a是广西地区壮族、瑶族健康个体主要的 HPA1~17bw基因型别。在H-W平衡检验中,瑶族健康人群 HPA1~17bw基因多态性中除 HPA1、2、6外,其他均符合H-W群体遗传平衡法则(P>0.05);壮族健康个体中,所有 HPA各系统符合 H-W群体遗传平衡法则(P>0.05)。瑶族和壮族 HPA系统抗原不配合率分析中,HPA3和 HPA15不配合率最高,皆超过30%。比较两个民族的基因频率,发现瑶族的 H PA-3和H PA-15的基因多态性明显低于壮族(χ2=12.242,P=0.002;χ2=6.209,P=0.045)。结论广西地区壮族和瑶族 HPA基因多态性分布存在明显的种族差异,特别是 HPA-3和 HPA-15系统杂合度最高,抗原分布不配合比例相对高,在临床配合性血小板输注中必须加以重视。%Objective To analyze the expression difference of human platelet antigen (HPA) 1-17bw gene be-tween Yao and Zhuang nationality in Guangxi .Methods Genotyping of HPA 1 -17bw system of 100 cases of Yao nationality and 100 cases of Zhuang nationality were conducted by using PCR-SSP ,and genotype and gene frequency were calculated .Results The alleles a was the common genotype of HPA 1-17bw gene in Zhuang and Yao national-ity of Guangxi .H-W population genetic equilibrium test indicated that ,in Yao nationality ,most gene polymorphisms of HPA 1-17bw gene ,excepting HPA1 ,2 and 6 gene polymorphisms ,were conformable to H-W population genetic e-quilibrium law (P>0 .05) ,and in Zhuang nationality ,all HPA system were conformable to H-W rule(P>0 .05) .A-mong all HPA system ,the mismatch rates of HPA3 and HPA15 were the

  8. The True Portrayed Living World of Yi People in Liangshan Analyzing the Novel DARK STAIN ON THICK WALL%凉山彝人生存世界的真实再现——论《厚墙裂痕》



    马德清的长篇小说《厚墙裂痕》从凉山彝族地区天然景观和凉山彝族民间婚姻、丧葬、礼仪等习俗两个方面再现了凉山彝人生存的真实世界,具有民族志的书写特征。%Ma Deqing's novel" thick wall cracks" portrayed the true living world of Liangshan Yi People from Liangshan natural landscape and the Liangshan Yi Minority,which contains ethnography writing lea- tulles.

  9. The Cultural Characteristics of Yi Medicine from the Medical Literature:Qi Gushu%从贵州彝族医学文献《启谷署》看彝族“医药”文化特色

    朱国祥; 徐俊飞


    Yi nationality is one of the seventeen native ethnic minorities in Guizhou.The population, language and culture of the Yi nationality in Guizhou are introduced briefly.The Yi literature of the Qi Gushu , whose version, content and other relevant are described.This paper mainly analyzes the charac-teristics of the Qi Gushu from five different angles:the Yi medicine"Five Body"theory, the curing effect of prescription, the maturity of a prescription, the simple characteristics of Yi Medicine, the theory origin between the Yi medicine and traditional Chinese medicine.Yi medicine is not only an important part of the Chinese medical treasures, also has made outstanding contributions to the health of the Yi people.In the development of national medicine industry, the question how to make use of the national medical re-sources should be paid much attention to.%彝族是贵州十七个世居少数民族之一,文中首先就贵州彝族的人口、语言文化略作介绍,并就彝医学文献的《启谷署》版本、内容等相关情况作了说明。论文重点就彝医学文献《启谷署》的特色作了分析,即从彝医学中“五体”理论、方剂的治愈效果、方剂的成熟性、彝医药简单性、彝医学理论与中医学理论的渊源关系等五个方面来分析。彝族医药文献不仅是中华医药文化宝库中重要组成部分,也为彝族人民健康事业作出了卓越的贡献。在开发民族医药过程中,如何利用民族医药文献资源是我们值得注意的问题。

  10. Safety Test of ShuangWei Premix to Pregnant Sows%双威预混剂对怀孕母猪的安全性试验

    孙哲; 刘世军; 裴清哲


    The aim of the study is to tested of the safety to the pregnant sows. A trial was conducted to tested the safety of normal recommended and double recommended dose ShuangWei premix (Albendazole and Ivermectin Premix) in Inner Mongolia Taipusi Banner in Xilinguole League Xilinhe farms. There are three phases, three scales and two dosages, little scale including two pregnant sows, middle scale including ten pregnant sows, large scale including thirty sows. All the sows were feed mixed with normal recommended and double recommended dose ShuangWei premix for one week. In the meantime all the pregnant sows were observed that the sows whether have abortion or signs of poisoning. The results showedthere were no abortion or signs of poisoning in the sows. The ShuangWei premix have no effect to the pregnant sows. It is safe to the pregnant sows.%为了验证双威(阿苯达唑、伊维菌素)预混剂对不同阶段怀孕母猪的安全性,在内蒙古自治区锡林郭勒盟太仆寺旗宝昌镇锡林河养殖场进行双威预混剂在怀孕母猪的安全性试验:药物剂量分正常剂量和加倍剂量;试验阶段分为怀孕前期、中期和后期三阶段;试验规模小批量(每组2头)、中批量(每组10头)、大批量(每组30头);在饲料中预混饲喂一周。结果表明:双威预混剂在怀孕母猪全期均是安全的。说明含有阿苯达唑和伊维菌素的双威预混剂可以在猪场内进行全群驱虫,不会对怀孕母猪有任何不良影响。

  11. Impact of LUCC on streamflow based on the SWAT model over the Wei River basin on the Loess Plateau in China

    Wang, Hong; Sun, Fubao; Xia, Jun; Liu, Wenbin


    Under the Grain for Green Project in China, vegetation recovery construction has been widely implemented on the Loess Plateau for the purpose of soil and water conservation. Now it is becoming controversial whether the recovery construction involving vegetation, particularly forest, is reducing the streamflow in the rivers of the Yellow River basin. In this study, we chose the Wei River, the largest branch of the Yellow River, with revegetated construction area as the study area. To do that, we apply the widely used Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) model for the upper and middle reaches of the Wei River basin. The SWAT model was forced with daily observed meteorological forcings (1960-2009) calibrated against daily streamflow for 1960-1969, validated for the period of 1970-1979, and used for analysis for 1980-2009. To investigate the impact of LUCC (land use and land cover change) on the streamflow, we firstly use two observed land use maps from 1980 and 2005 that are based on national land survey statistics merged with satellite observations. We found that the mean streamflow generated by using the 2005 land use map decreased in comparison with that using the 1980 one, with the same meteorological forcings. Of particular interest here is that the streamflow decreased on agricultural land but increased in forest areas. More specifically, the surface runoff, soil flow, and baseflow all decreased on agricultural land, while the soil flow and baseflow of forest areas increased. To investigate that, we then designed five scenarios: (S1) the present land use (1980) and (S2) 10 %, (S3) 20 %, (S4) 40 %, and (S5) 100 % of agricultural land that was converted into mixed forest. We found that the streamflow consistently increased with agricultural land converted into forest by about 7.4 mm per 10 %. Our modeling results suggest that forest recovery construction has a positive impact on both soil flow and baseflow by compensating for reduced surface runoff, which leads

  12. Translation as Discourse: a Re-reading of Wei Yi and Lin Shu's Chinese Translation of Uncle Tom's Cabin%从话语的角度重读魏易与林纾合译的《黑奴吁天录》



    话语的定义很多.本文采用的是法国文化及思想史学者米歇@傅柯(Michel Foucault,1926-1984)的理论.傅柯对话语的看法,重要之处是让我们重新思考语言、知识与权力的关系;他推翻了很多人把语言视为传达或表述知识的透明工具这种一厢情愿的看法,让我们认识到语言是意识形态的载体,话语运作的原材料.本文把傅柯这些论点运用到翻译研究的范畴,以个案研究的手法,重读魏易与林纾合译的,重点分析两位译者如何处理原著的宗教内容,亦即原著一个重要的认知领域,再从中探讨翻译如何帮助我们了解两种文化实际沟通时的磨合过程.文中除了以「翻译即话语」作为理论探讨的起点外,还提出多个相关的概念,例如「识管理」、「颠覆」、「阻遏」、「审查/自我审查」等,希望有助研究的多样化,使翻译与文化这个课题的内容变得更为丰富.

  13. The Cultural Analysis of "Yi-Fan Festival" of Mulam Minority%仫佬族“依饭节”文化内涵探析

    佟宇嘉; 王奎正


    "依饭节"是广西仫佬族人民最喜爱的宗教节日,是仫佬族民俗文化的重要象征。本文试图通对"依饭节"及其历史渊源的考查,进行全方位、多角度的立体研究,探索仫佬族饮食、宗教信仰、宗族制度、文娱、音乐等民间传统文化。%"Yi-fan Festival" is the favorite religion festival of Mulam Minority in Guang Xi Province.And it is the most important symbol of Mulam Minority's culture.This paper inspected the "Yi-fan Festival" and its historical origins.And then it researched the folk and traditional culture in omnibearing and various points of view,such as the diet,religions and belief,religions institution,entertainment,music,and so on.

  14. Qualitative and quantitative determination of YiXinShu Tablet using ultra high performance liquid chromatography with Q Exactive hybrid quadrupole orbitrap high-resolution accurate mass spectrometry.

    Sun, Zhi; Li, Zhuolun; Zuo, Lihua; Wang, Zhenhui; Zhou, Lin; Shi, Yingying; Kang, Jian; Zhu, Zhenfeng; Zhang, Xiaojian


    To clarify and quantify the chemical profile of YiXinShu Tablet rapidly, a feasible and accurate strategy was developed by applying ultra high performance liquid chromatography with Q Exactive hybrid quadrupole orbitrap high-resolution accurate mass spectrometry. A total of 105 components were identified, including 25 phenanthraquinones, 11 lactones, 19 lignans, 24 acids and 26 other compounds. Among them, 26 major compounds were unambiguously detected by comparing with reference standards. And 19 of these compounds in three batches of YiXinShu Tablet were selected for quantitative determination. (Z)-Ligustilide, salvianic acid A, salvianolic acid A, salvianolic acid B and rosmarinic acid were abundant in these three batches with contents over 1.000 mg/g. The established analysis methods were examined to be accurate and feasible. The results show that the ultra high performance liquid chromatography with Q Exactive hybrid quadrupole orbitrap high-resolution accurate mass spectrometry method has a powerful qualitative ability and promising quantitative application. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

  15. A study on the traditionalism of “trot” – Focused on Yi Nanyǒng’s “Tears of Mokp’o”

    Yujeong Chang


    Full Text Available In this paper, I explore the significance of Yi Nanyǒng’s contribution to the history of Korean popular music through her song “Tears of Mokp’o.” Using the data I gathered from surveys and interviews as well as a formal analysis of the song, I expounded on the perceptional changes of “Tears of Mokp’o” from a hybrid colonial song to an ethnic, national song. For this purpose, I structured this paper as follows: In the second section, I looked into the meaning and changes in trot spanning different periods, and investigated the current public sentiment toward trot. In the third section, I examined Yi Nan-yǒng’s life and her songs, as well as the public opinion of her works via survey analysis. Finally, I expounded on the traditionalism found in “Tears of Mokp’o.” Through these materials, we could delineate how trot shifted from a foreign song to a traditional one.

  16. Korean doctor Che -ma Yi and his Sasang Constitutional Medicine%朝鲜李济马的四象医学



    朝鲜李济马(1837-1900)根据人的体质和气质,将人分为"太阳人"、"太阴人"、"少阴人"、"少阳人"4种类型,分别论述其形貌、脏腑、性情及医患病症的特征.这种"四象医学"的形成主要受到中国的四象和关于"阴阳二十五人"理论的影响,而与邵雍无关.%Tongui suse powon, written by Chi -ma Yi (1837-1900), divided people into four types according to their constitution and disposition-Taiyang, Taiyin, Shaoyin and Shaoyang. He discussed the appearance, viscera, temperament and disease each type of people probably have. The formation of Sasang Consititutional Medicine is influenced by Sasang Theory in Yi Jing and 25 - mode Personality Theory in Ling Sbu and has nothing to do with Huangji Jingshishu written by SHAO Yong.

  17. 孙师毅的歌词创作和美学特征%Sun Shi-yi's Lyrics Creation and the Aesthetic Characteristics



    Sun Shi‐yi is one of the important creators of the 1930's lyrics ,he writes many lyrics .Howev‐er ,for a long time ,there has not been much research of his lyrics .Based on his lyrics creation and through carding his works ,it can be discovered that Sun Shi‐yi's lyrics represent typical left‐wing cultural characteris‐tics ,and also have their own artistic charm .Specifically ,his lyrics have distinct aesthetic characteristics with diversified style ,visualized expression of emotion ,and phonological and rhythmic beauty construction .%孙师毅是20世纪30年代重要的歌词创作者之一,他写有不少歌词作品。然而,长期以来,对于他的歌词研究并不多。通过对孙师毅歌词创作活动和作品的梳理,发现他的歌词在代表左翼文化特色同时,也有着自己的艺术魅力。具体而言,孙师毅的歌词在多样化的风格创造、形象化的情感表达、音韵美与节奏美的构建等方面都有鲜明的美学特征。

  18. 凉山彝族女性代际教育探析%The Inter-generation Education of Yi Nationality Women in Liangshan Prefecture



    The concept of female subordination has been entrenched in Liangshan prefecture for many years, i.e.Yi women are in weak position relatively .They only as housewives had no speaking -right in the family.The economic level in Liangshan is much backward before the democratic reform , so Yi women may be educated by the so called "school education"through inter -generational education in the family, and this way was handed down from generation to generation .In recent years the inter-gen-eration education status has been changed a lot with the rapid development of social and economy , but it is not optimistic .%凉山彝族地区男尊女卑思想观念的根深蒂固,彝族女性一直处于弱势地位,没有话语权,只能扮演家庭主妇的角色。民主改革之前,凉山地区经济发展水平低,彝族女性接受学校教育的机会甚少,只有通过家庭代际教育,代代相传。近年来,社会经济的飞速发展,彝族女性的代际教育状况有所转变,但也不容乐观。

  19. [Ethnics of the body - a study on the ethical meanings of body in Spinoza and Yi Jae-Ma].

    Yeo, I S


    , was dealt with. It is named Sasang(Four Symbol) medicine which was founded upon the long tradition of one of the most profound ethical teachings of mankind, Confuciaism. Sasang medicine of Yi Jae-ma is in a sense a continuation of the Neo-Confucianism tradition of Korea in the field of medicine.

  20. 论北魏鲜卑族女性的家庭法律地位%On Family Legal Status of Xianbei Women in Northern Wei Dynasty



    The family legal status of Xianbei women in the Northen Wei Danasty was more striking in ancient different dynasties,for example,women of Xianbei nationality in Northen Wei Dynasty had the right of free love in the aspect of love;they also possessed the relative right of self-determination in marriage,specific-ally speaking,they not only had the freedom of getting married and divorced,but also were permitted to remarry after the divorce and respected by others. In the aspect of property right,they owned a certain quantity of land, possessing their own property in the family. In order to further understand the protection of women statuses in the law and the clan habit,the paper started with the study on the family legal statuses of Xianbei women in Northen Wei Dynasty,and analyzed the concrete embody of Xianbei women in the family legal statuses. Based on this,the characteristics and reasons of womenˊs family legal statuses in Xianbei nationality of Northern Wei Dynasty were discussed so as to put forward some perfect suggestions for the protection of our womenˊs rights and promote the family legal statuses of modern women.%北魏鲜卑族女性的家庭法律地位在古代各朝代中是比较突出的,例如:在恋爱方面北魏鲜卑族女性享有恋爱自由的权利;在婚姻方面北魏鲜卑族女性享有相对的婚姻自主权,她们既有一定的结婚自主和离婚自由的权利,在离婚后改嫁也是被许可且受到尊重的;在财产权方面北魏鲜卑族女性享有一定量的土地,在家庭中拥有了属于自己的财产。为了进一步了解北魏在立法和氏族习惯法中对女性地位的保护,以北魏鲜卑族女性的家庭法律地位为切入点,分析了北魏鲜卑族女性在家庭中的法律地位的具体表现,在此基础上对北魏鲜卑族女性家庭法律地位体现出的特点及其原因进行探讨,以期对我国现代社会女性权益保护方面提出完善建议,促进现

  1. Factors affecting domestic water consumption in rural households upon access to improved water supply: insights from the Wei River Basin, China.

    Fan, Liangxin; Liu, Guobin; Wang, Fei; Geissen, Violette; Ritsema, Coen J


    Comprehensively understanding water consumption behavior is necessary to design efficient and effective water use strategies. Despite global efforts to identify the factors that affect domestic water consumption, those related to domestic water use in rural regions have not been sufficiently studied, particularly in villages that have gained access to improved water supply. To address this gap, we investigated 247 households in eight villages in the Wei River Basin where three types of improved water supply systems are implemented. Results show that domestic water consumption in liters per capita per day was significantly correlated with water supply pattern and vegetable garden area, and significantly negatively correlated with family size and age of household head. Traditional hygiene habits, use of water appliances, and preference for vegetable gardening remain dominant behaviors in the villages with access to improved water supply. Future studies on rural domestic water consumption should pay more attention to user lifestyles (water appliance usage habits, outdoor water use) and cultural backgrounds (age, education).

  2. Professor SHAN Zhao-wei's Clinical Experience of Treatment of Peptic Ulcer%单兆伟教授治疗消化性溃疡经验



    作者随单兆伟教授临症10余年,文章从病机、治则、选方、用药特点、生活调摄等多方面对单教授治疗消化性溃疡的临症经验进行了总结,并通过典型病案具体介绍单教授的诊疗思路.%I followed with Pro. SHAN Zhao-wei in clinic for more than ten years. This article summarized the clinical experience from pathology, treatment principle, prescription application, characteristics in administration and regimen, etc. It also introduced diagnostic and treatment thought through typical clinical cases.

  3. Rezension von: Gabriele Dietze: Weiße Frauen in Bewegung. Genealogien und Konkurrenzen von Race- und Genderpolitiken. Bielefeld: transcript Verlag 2013.

    Philipp Dorestal


    Full Text Available Gabriele Dietze zeichnet das Verhältnis der Kategorien Race und Gender innerhalb der US-amerikanischen Geschichte von der Mitte des 19. Jahrhunderts bis zur Präsidentschaftswahl von Barack Obama nach. Dabei demonstriert sie anhand von zentralen Figuren der weißen Frauenbewegung deren ambivalente Positionen, die oftmals für progressive Inhalte wie das Eintreten für Frauenrechte stehen, gleichzeitig aber dann Anliegen von African Americans nicht artikulieren oder gar zum Schweigen bringen. Ebenso zeigt Dietze mithilfe von Texten einiger schwarzer Autor_innen sowie anhand berühmter Gerichtsprozesse, dass schwarze Emanzipation nicht notwendigerweise mit feministischen Positionen einhergehen musste, sondern sich vielmehr eine Konkurrenzsituation zwischen Race und Gender entspann.

  4. 北魏前期汉族士人心态初探%Psychological Analysis of the Han Nationality Scholars in the Early Stage of Northern Wei



    北魏前期,汉族士人通过多种途径进入北魏政权,由于艰险的文化地理环境和残酷的政治环境,北魏前期汉族士人形成了复杂而独特的心理状态,即谨慎内敛、以道自守、与北魏政权保持若即若离的关系。同时,北魏前期士人心态随着环境氛围的变化也呈现出起起伏伏、曲曲折折的变化历程,士人们在积极进取与慎以避祸之间徘徊,最终在崔逞之死的阴影和崔浩“国史之狱”的震慑之下走向封闭自守。%In the early stage of northern Wei , the Han nationality scholars participation in Northern Wei through a variety of ways.But, because of dangerous cultural and geography and political conditions, the Han nationality scholars formed complex and distinctive psychological.That is, cautious, introverted, self-sustaining by the principium, they keep certain distance with the polit-ical power.And, the psychological of Han nationality scholars showing a tortuous and changeable process .The scholars make choices between aggressive and prudent to avoid mischance.So, their heart closed under the influence of history inquisition of Cui Hao at last.

  5. On Currency Circulation and Inflation of Wei Shu Wu Period%三国时期的货币流通与通货膨胀∗



    The society had been disordered in late Han Dynasty, at that time, a person who was named Dong Zhuo destroyed mo⁃netary system, forged poor small coin, which created serious inflation, and influenced currency circulation damagingly. Wei, Shu, Wu Dynasties took different approaches to solve this serious economic crisis:Wei Dynasty had not minted and reformed tax policy, which changed the tax method from money to real objects;while Wu and Shu Dynasties had forged big coins to deal with it. The monetary sys⁃tem had been chaotic, inflation had continued to grow because of the wrong currency policy and severe economic damages, which un⁃locked the prologue of natural economy in Medieval Times, and promoted the flourishing of real objects as currency.%汉末丧乱,董卓破坏钱法,铸造劣质小钱,引起了严重的通货膨胀,三国时期的货币流通秩序也因此受到严重影响。魏、蜀、吴政权面对这次经济危机采取了不同的应对方法,北方的曹魏政权主要采取不铸钱与赋税改收实物的办法;南方的吴、蜀政权则以铸造大钱的手段予以应对。由于经济破坏严重,货币政策不合时宜,导致了整个三国时期货币制度混乱,通货膨胀持续增长,为此后实物货币兴盛、“中古自然经济”的出现揭开了序幕。

  6. The Origin and Definition of the Divine Poems during Han and Wei Dynasty%汉魏六朝仙歌界定与溯源

    蒋振华; 罗佳艺


    Divine poem is one of the major styles of Daoism literature.It can be defined in two ways, a generalized way and a narrow way. In the narrow definition of divine poem, the creator should be the Taoist or an immortal that is pretended by the Taoist. And its contents mainly emphasize the concept of immortal, or express the yearning for wonderful fairy land, or desire to become a fairy who is free, happy and undead. In the generalized definition, immortal poem is the poem about fairy, wonderland and immortal thoughts. By the inspection of the citation sources of the divine poem during Han and Wei Dynasty, the poems were generally defined in the generalized way. The divine poems of Han and Wei dynasty rooted in the pre-Qin literature and are included in the Taoist literature.%仙歌是道教文学的主要体裁之一,分为广义与狭义两种.狭义的仙歌,从创作主体看,应该以道教中人物或者是道教中人假托的某某仙人、真圣为创作主体;其内容、主旨以"仙"为中心,或表达对神仙美妙境界之向往,或渴望成为自由幸福、生命长存的仙人.广义地讲,凡吟咏仙人、仙境和神仙思想的诗作,即可视为仙歌.考察汉魏六朝仙歌创作的文献来源,多属广义上的范畴.汉魏六朝仙歌溯源于先秦文学文本,收录于汉魏六朝的道教文献文本.

  7. Buddhism Spreading by Sea during the Wei Jin Southern and Northern Dynasties%魏晋南北朝时期的海路佛教传播∗



    印度佛教是中国佛教的源头。中印佛教的传播,通常有海、陆两条道路。海、陆佛教交流,在魏晋南北朝时期逐渐打通。中印佛教交流实现了海、陆环形循环,相对于陆路佛教传播,海路传播研究相对要冷清一些。不过,钩沉中古时期的佛教入华文献,可以发现:自魏晋始,海路弘法的道路逐渐顺畅;至东晋南北朝,外籍僧人沿海路来华者渐具优势。海、陆两条丝绸之路的文化交流,是世界文化交流史的一大盛事。%Abstracts:Indian Buddhism is the source of Chinese Buddhism.Buddhism between China and India was spread both by sea and land,which was gradually opened up during the period of the Wei Jin Southern and Northern Dynasties.On the other hand,its communication was realized in annular circulation of Western Regions,Sindhu,the South Sea,Middle-earth,Western Regions and Sindhu. Compared with Buddhism spread by land,the study of seaways was relatively poor.However,it could be found from Buddha literature in China that the route of seaway preaching since Wei Jin be-came smooth and foreign monks by sea took continuous advantage until the Eastern Jin and Southern and Northern Dynasty.The cultural exchange of the Silk Road over sea and land was the grand occa-sion in the world cultural history.

  8. “卖膏药”与《眼药酸》关系探析%The Exploration for the Relationships Between “maigaoyao” andYan Yao Suan



    “卖膏药”者形象在社火队伍中较为引人注目,他们手持摇铃作为队伍前导,根据环境的变化,声情并茂地编唱带有吉祥祝福的社火词,令人发喙。宋杂剧《眼药酸》是一出调笑“卖眼药”儒医的喜剧,副净和副末互相插科打诨制造出强烈的喜剧效果。本文从人物形象、角色原型和演出效果三个方面对二者进行了分析,发现现代社火中“卖膏药”者形象实际上是宋杂剧《眼药酸》形象的继承和发展。%Every team of “shehuo” has an eye catching image, i.e., “maigaoyao”. They hold shaking bells as the guide of the team. In addition, they would sing blessing and interesting “shehuo” lyrics with rich emotions based on different time and location. The Song dynasty zaju plays Yan Yao Suan (acid eye drops) is a comedy which jeers the scholar doctors who sell eye drops. In the play, two actors, vice-Jing and vice-Mo, make jokes to each other by means of boasting and attacking, to bring about amusing factors. This paper compares these two forms of performance from the raiment, the prototypes of the roles, and the effect of acting, and then summarized that the role of “maigaoyao” in “shehuo” team is an inheritance of the image of Yan Yao Suan.


    黄瑞松; 朱意麟; 严克俭


    Objective: To provide scientific basis for protection, cultivation, development and utilization of Uncaria Schreber resources. Methods: Investigation on Uncaria Schreber resources and medication experience of Zhuang and Yao in Guangxi by ways of field survey, collection and identification of the specimens and reviewing literature. Results: There were 10 species of Uncaria Schreber in Guangxi, which accounted for 83. 33% of Uncaria Schreber in China. Among them, Uncaria macrophylla Wall. , U. Sessilifructus Roxb. , U. Rhynchophylla (Miq. ) Miq. Ex Havil. , U. Hirsuta Havil. , U. Sandens (Sm. ) Hutch, and U. Rhynchophylloides How were the preponderant species. Conclusion: With rich resources, many varieties, awide distribution and its own feature of folk application in Zhuang and Yao, the resources in Uncaria Schreber of Guangxi should be protected and utilized strongly.%目的:为钩藤属植物资源保护、栽培和开发利用提供科学依据.方法:采用实地调查、标本采集鉴定、文献资料查阅相结合的方法,对广西钩藤属植物资源和壮瑶民间的用药经验进行调查.结果:广西有钩藤属植物10种,占国内钩藤属种类的83.33%,其中以大叶钩藤、无柄果钩藤、钩藤、毛钩藤、攀茎钩藤、侯钩藤等为优势品种;壮、瑶民间使用钩藤内涵丰富.结论:广西钩藤属植物资源丰富,品种多,分布广,壮、瑶民间应用钩藤资源独具特色,应该加强保护和进一步开发利用.

  10. 姚新苗教授治疗腰椎间盘突出下肢麻木经验浅谈%Mr. Yao Xinmiao's Experience in Treating Numb Lower Limbs of Lumbar Vertebral Disc Protrusion

    应建伟; 朱胤晟; 裘伟国; 姚新苗


      [目的]总结姚新苗教授治疗腰椎间盘突出症引起的下肢麻木的临床经验。[方法]从病因病机、治法治则等方面阐述姚新苗教授治疗腰椎间盘突出症引起的下肢麻木的临床经验,并附案例2则以验证。[结果]腰突症引起的下肢麻木主要病机是寒湿内侵、痰瘀血滞、气血亏虚,治疗上分别予散寒燥湿、化痰祛瘀、补气养血。[结论]姚新苗教授通过中医辨证论治,治疗腰椎间盘突出症引起的下肢麻木屡获佳效,易为患者所接受。%Objective] To sum up pro. Yao Xinmiao's experience in treating numb lower limbs induced by lumbar vertebral disc protrusion. [Method] It reiterates his experiences from causa morbi, mechanism, therapy and treating rules. [Result] Such numb lower limbs are owing to cold dump invasion, blocked sputum, stasis and blood and deficient Qi and blood, respectively treated with removing coldness to dry dump, removing sputum and stasis, nour-ishing Qi and blood. [Conclusion] Pro. Yao Xinmiao's experience in treating the disease above by differentiation of signs, has good effect, easily accepted by patients.

  11. 山田业广《千金要方读书记》初探%Preliminary study on Yamada's Qian jin yao fang du shu ji (Reading Notes of Essential Recipes Worth A Thousand Gold)



    Yamada was a Japanese famous textology expert and bibliographer of Kampo medicine in the middle and late Edo period, one of his representative works is Qian jin yao fang du shu ji ( Reading Notes of Essential Recipes Worth A Thousand Gold), which was completed after he studied Qian jia yao fang (Essential Recipes Worth A Thousand Gold) , with the Song edition of Edo medical library as the master text it check against the Yuan edition, Zbengde edition, Wanli edition, Jiajing edition and handcopied genuine version. The above editions were the best contemporary version even until today, with high literature values. Yamada made a perfect texture research on Qian jin yaofang with familiar textology knowledge so as to cor-rect mistakes, elaborate annotations and judge common words. Unfortunately, there were seldom new ideas and several checked mistakes and wrong annotations.%山田业广是江户中末期日本著名的汉方医学考据学专家、文献学家,是其代表著作之一.山田业广以江户医学馆模刻宋版作为底本,取元刊本、正德本、万历本、嘉靖本、手抄真本等为校本,对进行研究并完成的撰写.以上几种版本是当时乃至现在所存之最善者,具有较高的文献价值.山田业广在中运用熟稔的考据学知识,对进行精良的考证,纠正讹误、阐发文义、判断俗字等方面为其所得;但新颖见解较少,并存在误校误训之处.

  12. 唐传奇研究的新创获--评李军《〈甘泽谣〉评注》%A Review of Li Jun’s Annotations of Gan Ze Yao



    Li Jun is a young scholar active in the study of ancient Chinese literature,esp.the legend of the Tang Dynasty and the frontier literature and history for the past few years.Recently,Li’s Annota-tions of Gan Ze Yao has been published by China Social Sciences Press,which is a positive impetus to the study of the Tang legend as well as the classical Chinese novels.In his book,Li Jun has made a systematic and focused study of Gan Ze Yao ,a legend anthology by Yuan Xiao,a writer in the late Tang Dynasty, and has annotated each piece of writing minutely and carefully,thereby displaying the unique value and status of the book.%李军是近年来活跃于古代文学尤其是唐传奇、边疆文史研究方面的青年学者。最近,他的《〈甘泽谣〉评注》一书由中国社会科学出版社出版,这对唐传奇乃至中国古典小说的研究是一个积极的推进。该书对晚唐作家袁郊的传奇集《甘泽谣》进行了系统、集中的研究,并对其中每篇作品进行了详细、精审的校注,充分彰显了其独特的价值与地位。

  13. How is Sense of Place Possible? An Analysis of Yi-Fu Tuan’s Space and Place

    Wang Jian; Li Ziqing; Sun Hui; Yang Zi


    In the first century of Anthropology (1870-1970), almost all social sciences studies focused on“objective”,“rational”,“collective”, and “universal” socio-cultural facts. This orien-tation excluded and marginalized those “subjec-tive”,“individual” and “non-rational” fields in the discourse system of the discipline. “Sense”was such a field, refused by the gatekeepers of tra-ditional anthropology. Since 1980s, more and more anthropologists have paid attention to the study of sense. laying the foundations for an “anthropology of the sen-ses”. With the gradual influence of Western An-thropology of the senses, “sense of place” is be-coming a current academic phrase in Chinese An-thropology. Meanwhile, a fundamental question has to be asked:how is sense of place possible? In order to explore this question, we must go back to Yi-Fu Tuan, a renowned humanistic geographer and his master work, Space and Place. Space and Place contains a total of fourteen chapters and can be divided into three parts. The first part, chapters 1 to 3, discusses three key words:experience, space, and place. Meanwhile, this part identifies the fundamental question of the book:how do human beings understand and expe-rience the world? The second part, ranging from chapters 4 to 9 , and introduces the relationship be-tween sense and space. The third part,chapters 10 to 14 , interprets the relationship between place and sense. Although the latter two parts introduce the relationship between the “Sense and Space”and “Place and Sense”, the interrelation of space-sense-place runs through the whole book. The three key words ( experience, space and place ) are fully reflected in the title of the book ( Space and Place—the Perspective of Experience. What, then, is the nature of experience? Tuan holds that the essentiality of experience is how a person knows and constructs reality, ran-ging from inchoate feelings to explicit conceptions. Essentially

  14. 黔西北彝族献“吉禄”仪式的文化解析%A Cultural Analysis to Offering Jilu Ceremony of Yi People in Northwestern Guizhou

    陆刚; 熊蕊


    献“吉禄”是贵州西北部彝族的一种祈福仪式。彝族人崇拜自然,相信万物有灵,认为有超自然力量存在,并主宰着世间一切“。吉禄”被认为是保佑某一家人财运的神灵,彝族人通过对“吉禄”的献祭,祈求神灵保佑六畜兴旺、五谷丰登“。吉禄”由各家各户在家里供奉和献祭,对彝族人的日常生活和思想观念,都有着重大的影响。%Offering Jilu is one of the northwest of Guizhou Yi blessing ceremony. Yi people worship na⁃ture, believe that all things have spirit, think the existence of supernatural power, and dominated the world. Ji⁃lu is thought to be gods bless a family fortune, the Yi people through the sacrifice of the Jilu, pray the gods bless animals thrive, good harvest. Jilu by families in the home to worship and sacrifice, the Yi people's daily life and ideology, has a significant impact.

  15. 彝族“五色”在包装色彩设计中的应用%Research on the Application of Yi Nationality "Five Color" in Packaging Color Design

    袁恩培; 龙飞


    分析了彝族色彩文化中的五色文化,结合其文化的民族性特点,论述了彝族五色文化在包装色彩设计中的应用价值,分析了色彩文化作为彝族代表性文化特色在包装设计中的体现,提出以民族特色、民族精神为文化根源,将彝族色彩作为设计元素应用于包装色彩设计中,从而更加明确包装设计的指向性,开辟一条更为个性化、民族化的包装之路。%It analyzed the "five color" culture in the culture of the Yi nationality color, combined with the national character of their cultural characteristics, it discussed the application value of Yi nationality "five color" culture in the packaging design, analyzed the embodiment of color culture as the Yi representative cultural features in the packaging design, and proposed taking national characteristics and national spirits as cultural roots, the Yi national color as the design element used in packaging design, in order to open up a more personalized and national packaging road.

  16. A Brief Discussion on the Problems Faced by the Collec-tion and Arrangement of Ancient Books in Yi Language and the Urgency of Talent Cultivation%浅谈彝文古籍收集整理面临的问题及人才培养的紧迫性



    彝文古籍是彝族历史文化发展的结晶,具有政治、经济、哲学、宗教、历史、文学等方面的研究价值,是彝学研究的主要文献来源。彝文古籍卷帙浩繁,内容包罗万象。但近几年来,彝文翻译人才越来越稀少,彝文古籍的收集整理和翻译工作面临很大困难,培养彝文古籍翻译人才已经刻不容缓。%Ancient books in Yi language, as the crystallization of the historical and cultural development of the Yi nationality, is of research value in politics, economics, philosophy, religion, history and literature, and they are also the main literature references of Yi studies. Ancient books in Yi language are numerous and con-tain a lot of things. But in recent years, talents for Yi language translation are increasingly scarce, resulting in great difficulties in the collection, arrangement and translation of ancient books in Yi language, so it is imperative to cultivate talents for the transla-tion of ancient books in Yi language.

  17. Research on literature Carrier's Shape and Its Calligraphy Art of Yi People's Words%试析彝文文献载体形制及其书法艺术



    彝族先民创造了彝文,并保留下来了种类繁多、内容丰富的彝文文献.从目前发掘的彝文文献载体形制而言,有纸书、木刻印刷书、皮书、瓦书、岩书、布帛书、木牍文、竹简文、金石铭文、印玺文等多种载体形制.彝文书法是以彝文字体为基础的书法手段,既有点线粗犷、刚健、明快、流畅、简捷、生动的特点,又有结构紧密,笔锋刚柔兼有,工者相济,刚则有力,柔则似水,字体端庄、形象、洗练的特点,反映出本民族的某些性格、精神风貌和心理素质,并具有社会历史价值、美学价值、学术价值,为彝文书法研究提供了艺术素材,展示了广阔的前景.%In ancient times Yi ancestors invented the Yi language word. They use their own Yi lan-guage words recorded various types of carrier, rich in content and variety of precious literature. From the ar-chaeological excavations, the documents have a paper book, wood carving books, leather, tile, rock books, cloth, wood, bamboo, stone inscriptions, etc. Yi people's calligraphy it is based on Yi language fonts, it is a bit bold, energetic, lively, smooth, simple and vivid features, and to structure tightly, pen, firm soft with the workers of economic, just is strong, soft like water, font dignified practice, image, and the characteristics of image art. The calligraphy art reflects the Yi people's certain character, spirit and psychological quality, and have a social and historical value, aesthetic value and academic value, and provides the Yi language study of calligraphy art, shows the broad prospects.

  18. Casual sex and concurrent sexual partnerships among young people from an Yi community with a high prevalence of HIV in China

    Yi Yang; Rong-Sheng Luan; Peng Liu; Chun-Lin Wu; Ying Zhou; Wen Chen


    Liangshan Prefecture in Sichuan province,China,has a high prevalence of HIV infection,which is reflective of a change in the mode of transmission from injection drug use (IDU) to heterosexual intercourse.However,few studies focus on HIV-related heterosexual risk behaviours among the majority Yi population.The objectives of this study were to explore the characteristics of an egocentric sexual network and estimate the prevalence of casual sexual behaviour.Yi villagers (n=108),aged 15-35 years,who reported having had sex within the previous year were interviewed as to their sexual behaviours and networks.In-depth interviews and focus group discussions provided supplementary information on sexual norms.Logistic regression analysis was used to calculate unadjusted odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs).Most of the respondents reported having had casual sex at some time in their life,and 66.7%reported multiple sexual partnerships.Only 21.3% reported ever having used a condom.During the study year,a total of 137 partners were involved in 153 sexual partnerships.Among the reported sexual partnerships,67.3% originated from a casual sexual relationship.For network members in components of size ≥ 3,56.9% were involved in concurrent sexual partnerships.Having never been married (OR:2.11; 95% CI:1.03-4.33).and younger age (OR:0.89; 95% CI:0.83-0.95) were both associated with being in a component of size ≥ 3.Size (OR:2.99; 95% CI:1.17-7.66),pair (OR:0.54; 95% CI:0.39-0.74),the number of weakcomponents of the egocentric sexual network (OR:30.04; 95% CI:6.47-139.46) and gender (OR:0.19; 95% CI:0.06-0.67) were all associated with being in concurrent sexual partnerships.HIV-related interventions for the-Yi ethnic minority in Sichuan province must therefore address concurrent sexual partnerships and promote condom use.

  19. Influence of Original Religion on the Traditional Sports Culture of Yi Nationality ——Taking Sports Dance of Yi Nationality as an Example%原始宗教对彝族传统体育文化的影响——以彝族体育舞蹈研究为例



    By using the method of documentary, comparison and logic inference, this paper discusses the issues related to the forms of expression and function and influence of original religion on the sports dance of Yi nationality. The result shows that sports dance of Yi nationality is mainly reflected in festival activities, ritual activities and funeral activities. It has multiple functions such as amusing, entertaining, entertaining god and entertaining apparition. The main function of sports dance is changing in different places. Original religion has important influence on the sports dance of Yi nationality and this kind of influence is with a dual character.%运用文献资料法、比较法、逻辑分析法等,从历史学、宗教学及民间故事与传说视野,对彝族体育舞蹈的表现形式与功能、原始宗教对彝族体育舞蹈的影响等问题进行了探讨。研究认为:彝族体育舞蹈主要体现在彝族节庆活动、祈神祭祀活动、丧葬活动等方面;彝族体育舞蹈具有自娱、娱人、娱神、娱鬼等多重功能,舞蹈主要功能随着活动场所的不同而呈现主次;原始宗教对彝族体育舞蹈的形成发展均具有重要影响,而这种影响带有两重性。

  20. 略论《聊斋志异》中女性的口才%On female eloquence in Liao Zhai Zhi Yi



    Many female figures are created in Liao Zhai Zhi Yi,Who are with different style,figure,talent,especially eloquence.Their eloquence includes persuading,reply and humour.%《聊斋志异》塑造的女性,人数众多,风格各异,形象清新鲜活,表现了女子多方面的才能,特别是女性的口才,更是给读者留下了鲜明深刻的印象。《聊斋》女性的口才突出地表现为:劝说口才、应答口才、打趣口才。

  1. On the Marriage of Dissimilar Surname Nobles in Northern Wei Dynasty%北魏异姓贵族婚姻论略



    Dissimilar surname nobles mainly refer to the nine surnames of the same - clan with Tuoba's (拓跋 ) and eight surnames of Xun then ( 勋臣, Meritorious ministers) in Northern Wei Dynasty. They were prohibited to intermarry since the nine surname of Tuoba's same -clan had blood relationship. The nine surnames mainly married to minority and large Han families, and eight surnames of Xun Chen become main intermarriage partner of imperial clan, but there were distinction. Generally speaking, the imperial clan married frequentlyXunChensurname, such as Mu (穆氏), Lu (陆氏), Yu (于氏), Wei (尉氏) and so on, whereas the imperial clan hardly married to He ( 贺氏 ) and Liu ( 刘氏 ) , who came from Helan (贺兰) and Dugu (独孤) tribes that had struggled with Tuoba tribe for power. In addition to imperial clan, dissimilar surname nobles also married to minority, and the Han families were their marriage partners as well, which suggests that the interethnic marriage extends as the Chinesization of Northern Wei Dynasty deepens.%北魏时期,异姓贵族主要指拓跋同宗九姓和勋臣八姓。在通婚关系上,拓跋和同宗九姓因有血缘关系,“百世不通婚”;同宗九姓的通婚对象主要是少数族权贵和汉族大族。勋臣八姓成为宗室的主要通婚对象,但勋臣诸姓与宗室通婚也有亲疏之别。总的来看,与宗室通婚较频繁的勋姓,如穆氏、陆氏、于氏、尉氏等。而贺氏和刘氏等,由于其所出的贺兰部和独孤部曾有过与拓跋部争权的历史,故北魏建国后宗室与他们的联姻并不多见。除宗室外,异姓贵族通婚的对象以少数族居多,但汉族也不少。这说明。随着北魏政权汉化程度的加深,民族间的通婚范围更加广泛。

  2. 《金匮要略》中和性用药组方思维初探%Discuss the“Balance”of Treatment in Jin Kui Yao Lve

    林志雄; 徐光星


    Objective] Discuss the“balance”of treatment in Jin Kui Yao Lve,and the“antagonism and complementary”rule,to totally understand the match of medicine and to provide good reference for clinics. [Method] From the 6,7,17 chapters of Jin Kui Yao Lve,choose sentence to be related to“antagonism and complementary”and the“combination of cool and hot”of Ban Xia Xie Xin soup,“complementary of yin and yang”of Shen Qi pill,the“combination of the mobilization and immobilization”rule of Gui Zhi soup,“ treatment together the exterior and interior”of Hou Pu Qi Wu soup,“reinforcing and reducing together”of Shu Yu pill,to explain clearly the “balance”of treatment. [Result]Use “balance”command “antagonism and complementary”in the math of medicine,is the big characteristic to choose medicine in Jin Kui Yao Lve,also is the illustration of the theory“the combination of yin and yang”. Understanding the rule “balance”of “antagonism and complementary”in Jin Kui Yao Lve,to help us to have the comprehension about principle-method-recipe-medicines of traditional Chinese medicine ,provide good reference for clinic. [Conclusion]“Balance”is a word of Chinese ancient philosophy. His sense is"contradiction opposite ,mixture unite”,“antagonism”is contradiction opposite;“complementary”is“mixture unite”. in the match of medicine in Jin Kui Yao Lve,“antagonism”is the way to use medicine,“complementary”is the efficacy of the medicine,so the uniting of“antagonism”andcomplementary”is the key of“balance”.%[目的]探究《金匮要略》“中和性”用药思维,并以“相反相成”作为应用法则来作出分析,以期更全面地掌握方剂配伍之法,从而拓宽思路,提高临床疗效。[方法]从《金匮要略》第6、7、17篇中撷选“相反相成”相关条文,并以“寒热并用”之“半夏泻心汤”、“阴阳相济”之“肾气丸”、“动静结合”之“桂枝

  3. YiQiFuMai powder injection ameliorates blood–brain barrier dysfunction and brain edema after focal cerebral ischemia–reperfusion injury in mice

    Cao GS


    Full Text Available Guosheng Cao, Xinyi Ye, Yingqiong Xu, Mingzhu Yin, Honglin Chen, Junping Kou, Boyang Yu Jiangsu Key Laboratory of TCM Evaluation and Translational Research, Department of Complex Prescription of TCM, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing, People’s Republic of China Abstract: YiQiFuMai powder injection (YQFM is a modern preparation derived from the traditional Chinese medicine Sheng-Mai-San. YQFM is widely used in clinical practice in the People’s Republic of China, mainly for the treatment of microcirculatory disturbance-related diseases. However, little is known about its role in animals with ischemic stroke. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of YQFM on brain edema and blood–brain barrier (BBB dysfunction induced by cerebral ischemia–reperfusion (I/R injury. Male C57BL/6J mice underwent right middle cerebral artery occlusion for 1 hour with a subsequent 24-hour reperfusion to produce I/R injury. YQFM (three doses: 0.336, 0.671, and 1.342 g/kg was then given intraperitoneally (IP. The results demonstrated that YQFM significantly decreased infarct size, improved neurological deficits, reduced brain water content, and increased cerebral blood flow after I/R injury. 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose micro-positron emission tomography imaging and hematoxylin and eosin staining results indicated that YQFM is able to ameliorate brain metabolism and histopathological damage after I/R. Moreover, YQFM administration reduced BBB leakage and upregulated the expression of zona occludens-1 (ZO-1 and occludin, which was confirmed by Evans Blue extravasation, Western blotting, and immunofluorescence assay. Our findings suggest that YQFM provides protection against focal cerebral I/R injury in mice, possibly by improving BBB dysfunction via upregulation of the expression of tight junction proteins. Keywords: YiQiFuMai powder injection, YQFM, ischemic stroke, blood–brain barrier, microvascular permeability, tight junctions

  4. Prevalence, awareness, medication, control, and risk factors associated with hypertension in Yi ethnic group aged 50 years and over in rural China: the Yunnan minority eye study.

    Chen, Lixing; Zong, Yuan; Wei, Tao; Sheng, Xun; Shen, Wei; Li, Jun; Niu, Zhiqiang; Zhou, Hua; Zhang, Yang; Yuan, Yuansheng; Chen, Qin; Zhong, Hua


    Hypertension is an important public health issue in China, but there are few studies examining hypertension in ethnic groups in Yunnan, China. This study, Yunnan Minority Eye Study (YMES), was initially designed to determine the prevalence and impact of eye diseases, including hypertension and diabetes mellitus. As a part of YMES, the prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension and the associated risk factors among the Yi ethnic population in rural China are reported. A population-based survey was conducted in 2012 with adult participants over 50 from rural communities in Shilin Yi Autonomous County, Yunnan Province, located in southwest China. A random cluster sampling method was used to select a representative sample. The participants' blood pressure, height, weight, and waist circumference were measured. Hypertension was defined as mean systolic blood pressure ≥140 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure ≥90 mmHg, and/or current use of antihypertensive medications. A total of 2208 adults were assessed. The prevalence of hypertension was 38.5%, and the age- and gender-adjusted prevalence was 37.0%. The proportion of patients who were aware of their hypertension among those diagnosed with hypertension was 24.8%. Of those aware of having hypertension, 23.6% took antihypertensive drugs. Among all hypertensive patients, only 7.2% had controlled their hypertension (ethnic group in China. The ratio of awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension were considerately low. Hypertension education and screening programs in rural China are recommended to improve the health status of this population.




    Full Text Available Rifampicin-resistant marker w as empl oyed as a repor ter t o detect the ad here nce and colonization of V. harve yi in s hrimp larvae. Vibri o h arve yi P1B and YA3 2. 2 were isolated f rom dead s hrimp la rv ae i n Besuki, Norther n C oast of East Jav a, while V. harveyi HB3, was isolated from pris tine sea water in Pacita n, S outhe rn Coast of E ast Ja va . Vi brio metsc hnikovii used a s bioc ontr ol a gent was i solated fr om healthy shrimp larvae in Serang, We st Java. Spontane ous mutation was c onducted to generate V. harveyi P1B, YA32.2 and HB3 resistant to rifampi cin. These mutants exhibit ed similar survival ability to t heir parent al (wild type strai ns. Signifi cant larval mortalit y was o bserv ed i n s hrimp l arv ae i noculated with YA32.2 than that of larvae ino culated with P1B. Larvae inoculated with H B 3 showed the lo w est mortality. Bacterial cell c ount of Vi brio Rf* in dead larvae w ere 103-104 cells/larvae. Isolates of Vi brio metschnikovii Z an d M as biocontrol candid ates effectively r educed the growth a nd a dherence ability of YA32.2 t o shrimp larvae. Larval mort ality in rearing water inoculat ed simultaneousl y w ith YA32.2 and V. metschnikovii was lower than the one inoculated with YA32.2 alone. Therefore, Vibrio metschnikovii Z or M could be develope d as an effective pro biotic or biocontrol agent for V. harvey i in shrimp hatcheri es.

  6. Inter- and intra-annual variability of fluvial sediment transport in the proglacial river Riffler Bach (Weißseeferner, Ötztal Alps, Tyrol)

    Baewert, Henning; Weber, Martin; Morche, David


    The hydrology of a proglacial river is strongly affected by glacier melting. Due to glacier retreat the effects of snow melt and rain storms will become more important in future decades. Additionally, the development of periglacial landscapes will play a more important role in the hydrology of proglacial rivers. The importance of paraglacial sediment sources in sediment budgets of glacier forefields is increasing, while the role of glacial erosion is declining. In two consecutive ablation seasons the fluvial sediment transport of the river Riffler Bach in the Kaunertal (Tyrol/Austria) was quantified. The catchment area of this station is 20 km² with an altitudinal range from 1929 m to 3518 m above msl. The "Weißseeferner" glacier (2.34 km² in 2012) is the greatest of the remaining glaciers. An automatic water sampler (AWS 2002) and a probe for water level were installed were installed at the outlet of the catchment. In order to calculate annual stage-discharge-relations, discharge (Q) was repeatedly measured with current meters. Concurrent to the discharge measurements bed load was collected using a portable Helley-Smith sampler. Bed load (BL) samples were weighted and sieved in the laboratory to gain annual bed load rating curves and grain size distributions. In 2012, 154 water samples were sampled during 7 periods and subsequently filtered to quantify suspended sediment concentrations (SSC). A Q-SSC-relation was calculated for every period due to the high variability in suspended sediment transport. In addition, the grain size distribution of the filtered material was determined by laser diffraction analysis. In 2013, the same procedure was performed for 232 water samples which were collected during 9 periods. Meteorological data were logged at the climate station "Weißsee", which is located in the centre of the study area. First results show a high variability of discharge and solid sediment transport both at the inter-annual as well as at the intra

  7. Farmer and retailer knowledge and awareness of the risks from pesticide use: A case study in the Wei River catchment, China

    Yang, Xiaomei, E-mail: [Soil Physics and Land Management, Wageningen University, P.O. Box 47, 6700AA Wageningen (Netherlands); State Key Laboratory of Soil Erosion and Dryland Farming on the Loess Plateau, Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Chinese Academy of Sciences and Ministry of Water Resources, 712100 Yangling (China); Wang, Fei [State Key Laboratory of Soil Erosion and Dryland Farming on the Loess Plateau, Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Chinese Academy of Sciences and Ministry of Water Resources, 712100 Yangling (China); Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Northwest A and F University, 712100 Yangling (China); Meng, Lei [Baoji University of Arts and Sciences, 712300 Baoji, Shaanxi (China); Zhang, Wenshuai [State Key Laboratory of Soil Erosion and Dryland Farming on the Loess Plateau, Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Chinese Academy of Sciences and Ministry of Water Resources, 712100 Yangling (China); Fan, Liangxin [School of Surveying and Land Information Engineering, Henan Polytechnic University, 454003 Jiaozuo, Henan Province (China); Geissen, Violette [Soil Physics and Land Management, Wageningen University, P.O. Box 47, 6700AA Wageningen (Netherlands); Institute of Crop Science and Resources Conservation (INRES), University of Bonn, 53115 Bonn (Germany); Ritsema, Coen J. [Soil Physics and Land Management, Wageningen University, P.O. Box 47, 6700AA Wageningen (Netherlands)


    Monitoring the educational level of farmers and retailers on pesticide use would be useful to assess the appropriateness of information for reducing or/and avoiding the risks from pesticides in rural regions. The levels of knowledge and awareness of the dangers to the environment and human health were investigated by questionnaires for farmers (209) and retailers (20) in two rural regions (Qianyang County (S1) and Chencang County (S2)) of the Wei River catchment in China where the modes of farming and the state of erosion are very different. The results showed that farmers learned the use and dangers of pesticides mainly by oral communication (p < 0.01). Protective measures were inadequate; 65% (S1) and 55% (S2) of farmers never used any protective measures during spraying (p < 0.05). Washing hands (> 70%) was the most common mode of personal hygiene, relative to wearing masks, showering, and changing clothes, but no significant differences were observed between the selected regions. Most pesticide wastes were dumped directly onto the land or into water, suggesting that educational measures should be taken to address the potential risks from the residues in the wastes. Over 85% of farmers (S1 and S2) claimed to use illegal pesticides, but the reasons for their use varied (p < 0.01). Retailers were well-informed and highly conscious of their responsibility for the safe use of pesticides, especially in S2 (p < 0.01). A canonical correspondence analysis indicated that educational level and age differed between the two regions and contributed greatly to the risks from pesticide use (p < 0.01). Educational programmes targeted to age groups, proper disposal of pesticide waste, and sufficient supervision from authorities should consequently be considered for improving the levels of knowledge and awareness of the dangers of pesticides to human health and environmental pollution in the Wei River catchment, China. - Highlights: • The status of income and expenditure on

  8. [Applying the Methodology and Practice of Microhistory: The Diary of a Confucian Doctor, Yi Mun-gǒn (1495-1567)].

    Shin, Dongwon


    Since microhistory's approach to the past is based on an understanding of and a sympathy for the concrete details of human lives, its area of interests overlaps with the history of medicine and medical humanities, which examine illness and health. If we put a specific region and society in a specific period under a microscope and increase the magnifying power, we can understand the numerous network connections among the body, illness management, and medicine and how multilayered were the knowledge and power applied to them. And this approach of using microhistory to illuminate medical history can be more effective than any other historical approach. This article focuses on Yi Mun-gǒn's extensive volumes of Mukchaeilgi (Mukchae's diary) in approaching medical history from the perspective of microhistory. Simply defined, this work is a Confucian scholar-doctor's diary. Its author, Yi Mun-gǒn, played the role of a Confucian doctor, although not professionally, during his 23-year exile, after serving in a high governmental office on the senior grade of the third court rank. Thanks to this extensive and detailed diary, we can now get adetailed andthorough picture of his medical practice in the Sǒngju region, 270 kilometers southeast of Seoul, where he was exiled. This article aims to understand the state of medical practice in the Sǒngju region in the 16thcentury through the"zoom-in" method adopted by microhistory. In particular, I will focus on the following three aspects:1) Yi Mun-gǒn's motivation for and method of medical study, 2)the character of Yi Mun-gǒn'spatient treatment as hwarin (the act of life-saving), and 3) the plural existence of various illness management methods, including pyǒngjǒm (divination of illness), sutra-chanting, exorcism, and ch'oje (ritual toward Heaven). All three aspects are closely related to Confucianism. First, Yi Mun-gǒn decided to acquire professional-level medical knowledge in order to practice the Confucian virtue of filial

  9. Begonia coelocentroides Y. M. Shui & Z. D. Wei, a new species of Begoniaceae from Yunnan, China%中国云南秋海棠属(秋海棠科)一新种——假侧膜秋海棠

    魏志丹; 税玉民; 张美德; 张嵘梅


    Begonia coelocentroides Y. M. Shui & Z. D. Wei, a new species of the genus Begonia L. (sect. Platycentrum, Begoniaceae) from Yunnan, China, is described and illustrated. It resembles B. oreodoxa Chun & F. Chun in having parietal placentas at the upper part of the ovary, differing mainly in the female flowers with 5 tepals and the largest wing of the capsule being 20-22 mm long and ligulate.%描述了中国云南秋海棠科Begoniaceae秋海棠属Begonia扁果组sect.Platycentrum的一新种--假侧膜秋海棠Begonia coelocentroides Y.M.Shui & Z.D.Wei.该种与山地秋海棠B.oreodoxa Chun & F.Chun相似,子房上部为侧膜胎座,但雌花被片5,蒴果最大翅舌形,长20-22 mm,而易于区别.

  10. Wang Guo-wei's Theory of "Dizziness and Confusion"and Chinese and Western Aesthetic Tradition%王国维之“眩惑”说与中西美学传统



    "Dizziness and confusion" was the theory combined with Schopenhauer's concept of "obsequious" and Chinese traditional aesthetics by Wang Guo-wei. It refered to the opposite of the "magnificent" and "beautiful" in aesthetics. Wang Guo-wei put it on the opposite of life. From this it could reflect an aesthetic view against life that became an adverse current in modern aesthetics.%“眩惑”是王国维结合叔本华“媚美”概念和中国传统美学衍生出的理论,用以指称美学中“壮美”和“优美”的对立面。王国维将“眩惑”置于生活的反面,从中可以透视出一种反生活的美学观,成为近代美学的一股逆潮。

  11. Wei Zheng and the Spread of the Wine Brewing Technique%非物质文化遗产保护与校园文化创新的多元融合

    毛晓红; 甘成英


    Wei Zheng was expert in brewing wine, in which hid a much - told story of the exchange o tures between China and foreign countries. Since Han Dynasty, Sogdiana Settlers and monks of Central Asia duced the technique of wine brewing to our Central Plains at the first time. Wei Zheng was a descendant of G f cul- intro- aoche Tribe, which was founded the state of Gaoche in Gaochang. The Gaoche people engaged in agricultural life gradual ly and absorbed wine brewing techniques originated from Sogdiana. After the decline of the Gaoche Kingdom, its tribe dispersed and its population was subordinated to the Northern Wei Dynasty. In this condition, the technique of wine brewing was introduced into our Central Plains at the second time, whose achievement was the vintage wine brewed by Wei Zheng. After Tang Dynasty recaptured the Western Regions, this technique was introduced into our Central Plains at the third time. From then on, it is all over popularized.%通过对西部非物质文化遗产保护与西部高校校园文化创新的多元融合,弘扬和传承中华民族优秀传统文化,促进文化遗产保护事业和文化产业发展,增强中华民族的凝聚力,推动西部高校校园文化大发展、大繁荣。

  12. 韦绪性教授治疗腰椎间盘突出症学术思想撷要%Academic thought of Professor WEI Xu-xing for treating lumbar disc herniation



    Analysis academic thoughts of Professor WEI Xu-xing from four aspects in treatment of lumbar disc herniation, and study his differentiation therapy through the medical record examples.%从四个方面分析韦绪性教授治疗腰椎间盘突出症的学术思想,通过病案举隅研究其辨证施治要诀。

  13. Prevalence of Pediculus humanus capitis among school girls of Chuang-Wei and Nan-Ao Districts in I-Lan County and Man-Chow District in Ping-Tung County, Taiwan.

    Chao, D; Liu, H Y; Fan, P C


    By using the naked eye examination and comb method, a field survey and combing collection of head louse (Pediculus humanus capitis) among school girls in three different area (Man-Chow, Nan-Ao and Chuang-Wei) of Taiwan were performed from July 1979 to February, 1980. The general infestation rate of head louse was 39.8% (or 998/2,509). In the primary schools, comparatively, the rate at Man-Chow (66.7%) was highest, the next at Nan-Ao (55.4%) and the lowest at Chuang-Wei (39.4%). While in the junior high schools, the rate was apparently higher at Nan-Ao (38.4%) than that at Man-Chow (15.6%) and Chang-Wei (12.0%). The highest rate in the primary schools was found in 3rd graders except at Chuang-Wei in 5th graders. The corresponding figure in the junior high schools was found in 1st graders except at Nan-Ao in 2nd graders. Of 774 infested girls studied, according to the number of lice per infested girl, the percentages of infestation in the 5 groups were: the very light (nits only) 54.5, light (1-10) 38.5, moderate (11-50) 6.5, heavy (51-100) 0.4 and very heavy (over 100) 0.1 respectively. Of 2,178 head lice examined, 53.0% was nymphs; 28.7% females; 18.2% males. The average number of head louse in each infested girl 6.2.

  14. 杜仲腰痛丸治疗慢性腰痛的临床随机对照研究%The Randomized Control Research of DuZhong YaoTong Pill on Chronic Lumbago

    何万庆; 关永林


    目的:观察杜仲腰痛丸治疗慢性腰痛和预防复发的临床疗效。方法:将98例慢性腰痛患者,按照1∶1比例完全随机分为2组。对照组49例给予常规治疗;观察组49例给予常规治疗联合杜仲腰痛丸治疗,2组均连续治疗4周。所有患者分别于治疗前、治疗后1个月、3个月、6个月统计疼痛视觉模拟评分(VAS)、Oswstry功能障碍指数(CODI)值,随访复发情况。结果:2组治疗后VAS、CODI评分较治疗前均明显降低(P<0.05);组内比较,对照组治疗3个月、6个月VAS、CODI评分比较,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05),观察组在不同时间比较,差异均无统计学意义(P<0.05);组间比较,2组在治疗1个月VAS、CODI评分比较,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05),而治疗3个月、6个月比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。观察组的复发率低于对照组(P<0.05)。结论:杜仲腰痛丸能增强慢性腰痛的长期治疗效果,包括减轻疼痛症状,改善腰部功能活动,并能预防慢性腰痛的复发。%To observe the clinical efficacy ofDuZhongYaoTongpill in treating chronic lumbago and preventing relapse. Methods: Totally 98 patients with chronic lumbago were randomly assigned to two groups on average. 49 cases in the control group were treated with routine therapy for four weeks continuously, as well as the observation group undergoing routine therapy andDuZhongYaoTongpill. VAS and CODI of all the cases were eval-uated respectively before treatment and at the end of 1st, 3rd and 6th month with follow-up of relapse. Results: The scores of VAS and CODI decreased significantly after treatment (P<0.05) in both groups. The comparison of these scores in the control group showed that the difference before and after treatment at 3rd and 6th month had no statis-tical meaning(P<0.05), so did the observation group in each times(P<0.05). In the comparison of scores in 1st month between

  15. Study of the prevalence of human intestinal parasites in areas inhabited by the Baiku Yao minority in Guangxi%广西白裤瑶地区居民肠道寄生虫感染现状调查

    蒋智华; 吴钦华; 李树林; 张鸿满; 司国爱; 黄福明; 谭裕光; 江河; 张陆娟; 阮廷清; 欧松


    目的 了解广西白裤瑶少数民族地区居民肠道寄生虫感染情况,为进一步防治策略制定和实施提供依据.方法 收集白裤瑶聚居区居民的一般人口学情况,采集粪便标本,采用改良加藤厚涂片法和生理盐水涂片法对粪样进行检查. 结果 调查广西白裤瑶聚居地居民671人,肠道寄生虫感染386人.感染率57.53%,其中白裤瑶居民感染率71.02%.检出9种肠道寄生虫,钩虫感染率33.68%,蛔虫感染率24.89%.鞭虫感染率9.84%,人芽囊原虫感染率10.87%,蓝氏贾第鞭毛虫感染率1.15%,结肠内阿米巴原虫感染率4.45%,溶组织内阿米巴原虫感染率1.65%,其他寄生虫感染率0.33%.不同年龄、不同民族居民的感染率差异有统计学意义. 结论 肠道寄生虫感染仍是广西山区农村尤其是少数民族地区突出的公共卫生问题.%Objective To investigate the prevalence of human intestinal parasites in the areas inhabited by the Baiku Yao minority in Guangxi Province and provide scientific evidence for prevention and control strategies. Methods Demographic data on people in areas inhabited by the Haiku Yao minority were collected along with fecal samples. The Kato-Katz technique and a normal saline smear were used to test fecal samples. Results Of the 671 people screened for intestinal parasites, 386 people were infected with intestinal parasites. The total rate of infection was 57. 53%, and the rate of infection among Baiku Yao was 71. 02%. Nine types of intestinal parasites were found. Of the people infected, 33. 68% were infected with hookworms, 24. 89% were infected with roundworms, 33. 68% were infected with whipw-orms, 10. 87% were infected with Blastocystis hominis, 1. 15% were infected with Giardia lamblia, 4. 45% were infected with Entamoeba coli,1 .65% were infected with Entamoeba histolytica, and 0. 33% were infected with other protozoa. There were significant differences in infection among different age

  16. 神圣与洁净:广西龙胜红瑶祭社仪式的社区整合意义%Divinity and Purity:the Significance of Social Integration of Ji She in Red Yao Longsheng of Guangxi



    祭社是一种古老的祭祀仪式,从古至今对村落社区的社会整合都具有重要意义。广西龙胜各族自治县红瑶地区的祭社仪式伴生着“社老制”民间宗教组织,较好地保留了原始公社制的民主推选、共食和分肉的平均主义,是凝聚红瑶村落共同体的核心纽带之一。红瑶人对祭祀的神圣性与洁净的认同,在很大程度上促进了“社”信仰的传承,并有助于红瑶传统村落社区社会秩序的维护。%Ji She (the Memorial Ceremony of She), an ancient sacrificial ceremony, has been playing a significant role in the so-cial integration of village communities in all ages. For all ethnic groups’ autonomous counties in Longsheng, Guangxi, the Ji She ceremony in their Red Yao area is accompanied with folk religious organizations in the"She Lao System" (“She Lao” means the leader of the community), which better retains the democratic election of original commune system and the equalitarianism that people eat together and share meat. The ceremony is regarded as one of the core links of the Red Yao village communities. The acknowledgment of people in Red Yao about the divinity and purity of sacrifice promotes the heritage of people’s faith in “She”to a large extent and contributes to the maintenance of the social order of traditional village communities in Red Yao.

  17. An Analysis on the Identity of "Wei Lao-po-zi"in LU Xun's The New Year's Sacrifice%《祝福》中卫老婆子身份解析

    梁庆; 严凌雁; 肖洪磊


    在鲁迅先生作品《祝福》中,有一个身份特殊的重要人物而她又常常被忽视——卫老婆子,但她总能在关键时刻恰到好处的出现,与鲁四老爷家有着某种神秘的联系,并且在祥林嫂的命运里起着穿针引线的作用,文章试图从多角度解析卫老婆子的身份.%In Lu Xun's The New Year's Sacrifice, there is a special and important person but often ignored by readers—"Wei Lao-po-zi" (Wei old woman). However, she always appears in key moments, and has some mysterious connection with the family of "Lu Si milord". At the same time, she plays a role of go-between in the fate of "Xiang-lin-sao" (Sister Xiang Lin). This thesis tries to analyze the identity of "Wei Lao-po-zi" from various perspectives.

  18. “治未病”思想在脑卒中后抑郁的临床疗效观察%Clinical effective observation on treating PSD based on Zhi Wei Bing



      目的:对“治未病”思想在脑卒中后抑郁的临床疗效进行总结性研究。方法:选择脑卒中后90例抑郁患者分为治疗和对照组,行常规治疗,治疗组辅助使用“治未病”思想干预治疗。结果:治疗组抑郁状况的改善明显优于对照组。结论:“治未病”思想可以有效帮助脑卒中后抑郁患者康复。%  Objective:To“Zhi Wei Bing”thought after stroke in the clinical efficacy of depression on summative studies. Methods:Choose after stroke in patients with depression in 90 cases, patients were divided into treatment group and control group, both groups were performed with conventional treatment, the treatment group auxiliary use “Zhi Wei Bing” thinking intervention treatment. Results: The treatment group depression in improvement is obviously superior to the control group. Conclusion:“Zhi Wei Bing”thinking can effectively help depressed patients after stroke rehabilitation.

  19. 滇南彝族传统祭倮仪式的人类学建构——以云南省石屏县彝族尼苏颇为例%Anthropological construction of Yi people's Ceremony Offering a Sacrifice to Luo in South of Yunnan --Example of NiSuPo Yi in Shiping County of Yunnan



    Yi people living in LongWu and ShaoChong call themselves as NiSuPo. They gather together to hold a grand ceremony of sacrificing to "Luo" in the woods each spring. Based on the field work about the ceremony offering a sacrifice to Luo on the region where NiSuPo Yi live, this paper will use functional theory, symbolism theory, the ritual process theory, interpretive theory and the practice theory to do the anthropological analysis of ceremony.%居住在云南省石屏县西北部龙武和哨冲一带的彝族尼苏颇,在每年春天都要举行隆重的祭倮活动。基于对云南省石屏县彝族尼苏颇地区的祭倮仪式的调查,本文用功能理论、象征符号理论、仪式过程理论、解释理论和实践理论对仪式进行深入的人类学分析。

  20. 浅论孙诒让《札迻·素问王冰注校》的校勘特点%Brief Discussion on SUN Yi-rang ’ s Collation Characteristics in ZHA YI SU WEN WANG BING ZHU JIAO



    SUN Yi-rang’ s ZHA YI SU WEN WANG BING ZHU JIAO played an important role in history of SU WEN’ s collation. The purpose of this paper was to sum up the characteristics of collation, that is learning widely from others' strong points, picking up the es-sence, quoting and seeking broad-mind, detailed examination and resolution, striving for realism rigorously, believing in doubt, inves-tigating the hidden mysteries of things, analysis of small things and mysteries, exploring traceability, studying comprehensively.%在《素问》的校勘史上,孙诒让的《札迻·素问王冰注校》占有十分重要的地位。将其校勘特点总结为“博采众长、撷其精英,引征广博、详审细辨,严谨求实、信守存疑,探幽索隐、析微阐奥,循流溯源、综合考辨”。

  1. 试析布摩在彝族古代社会中的地位及其变化%Analysis of Bumo Status in Ancient Society of the Yi People and its Change



    Bumo is a product of gods worshipped in particular ancestor worship of the Yi people. Bumo Yi especially class soci-ety the formation of ancient social system is very prominent, tied under the monarch and officials, formed June, officials in the class society of the Yi people and bumo regime framework. As the team expands, and bumo presided in Yi society in far-reaching and bu-mo, a pillar of the regime towards professional development. Bumo from community dignitaries gradually into a profession dedicated to worship, blessing of religious activities, such as occupational groups. Bumo into cultural and historical heritage of the Yi people, and play the role of correctional education. Protection of the heritage of Yi nationality's traditional culture, you want to play.%布摩是彝族诸神崇拜特别是祖先崇拜的产物,在彝族古代社会制度尤其是阶级社会形成以后的地位十分显要,在君长之下与臣并列,在彝族阶级社会中形成君、臣、布摩的政权构架。随着布摩队伍的扩大,以及布摩所主持活动在彝族社会中的深远影响,布摩这一政权支柱逐渐向职业化演变,即布摩从社会显要渐次变为一种职业,专司祭祀、祝福等宗教信仰活动的职业群体。布摩成为彝族文化、历史的传承人,起到教化育人的作用。保护传承彝族传统文化,要发挥好布摩这一职业群体的作用。

  2. Changes of powder prescriptions in Qian jin yao fang (Essential Prescriptions Worth A Thousand Gold) made by Song people%简述宋人对《千金要方》散剂的改动



    两种重要传本、在内容上多有不同,其中在方剂文献方面的差异特别值得重视.宋人对原书的散剂相关内容进行了诸多改动,包括论述散剂的章节与内容、药味计量单位、药味重量、散剂制法等,其所有的改动均无任何标示,书前的"凡例"亦无任何说明.从内容来看,由于增补了诸多散剂相关医学资料,宋校本较之新雕本显然更为丰富,书籍的章节编排更为明确合理.作为中医临床百科全书,宋校本更便于阅读与使用.但从传统的文献整理的角度来看,径改原书确为学者之大忌.%As the contents in the two circulated versions of Qian jin yao fang (Essential Prescriptions Worth A Thousand Gold),i.e Bei ko qian jin yao fang (Essential Prescriptions Worth a Thousand Gold for Emergencies) and Xin diao sun zhen ren qian jin fang (Newly Printed Sun's Prescriptions Worth A Thousand Gold) aye different greatly,especially on the literature of prescriptions.Song people made a lot of changes on the contents of powder prescriptions,including the related chapters and its contents,computation unit of materia medica,weights,and processing methods etc.without any remarks,nor notes in its preface.The contents in the Song version were more enriched than the newly carved version with the reasonable arrangement of its texts.As a clinical encyclopedia of traditional Chinese medicine,the Song version is more convenient for reading and using.However,it is a great taboo for the scholars to tamper an ancient work at will from bibliographic viewpoints.

  3. Clinical observation on treating stroke sequel by hemiplegia external washing prescription of Yao medicine%瑶医半身不遂外洗奇方治疗脑卒中后遗症疗效观察



    目的::观察瑶医半身不遂外洗奇方对脑卒中后半身不遂、手足麻木肿胀、痉挛等康复治疗难点的治疗效果。方法:选择80例脑卒中后肢体偏瘫患者,将其随机分为治疗组(n=40)与对照组(n=40),治疗组除常规应用传统的针刺、中药辨证施治、康复功能训练等治疗外,加用瑶医半身不遂外洗奇方外洗,对照组用常规活血化瘀类中药外洗。结果:两组治疗后评定中医临床症状、体征改善及证候积分减少程度,治疗组高于对照组(P﹤0.05)。结论:瑶医半身不遂外洗奇方对脑卒中后遗症疗效满意,值得推广。%Objective: To observe efficacy of hemiplegia external washing prescription of Yao medicine on rehabilitation difficulties including hemiplegia, numbness swelling and spasm. Methods: 80 patients were randomly divided into the treatment group (40 cases) and the control group (40 cases). The treatment group was given the conventional treatment (acupuncture, TCM medicine and rehabilitation) plus hemiplegia external washing prescription. The control group was given the hemiplegia external washing prescription of the Huoxue Huayu. Results: After the treatment, the improvement of TCM clinical symptoms and symptom scores in treatment group was better (P﹤0.05). Conclusion: Hemiplegia external washing prescription of Yao medicine on stroke sequel shows a good effect, and is worthy of promotion.

  4. 镇江肴肉中腐败菌的初步分离鉴定%Preliminary Isolation and Identification of the Spoilaged Bacteria from the Zhenjiang Yao Meat

    祝莹; 董英; 肖香


    分离镇江肴肉中腐败菌,并对主要菌株进行鉴定,为研究特定腐败菌的腐败原理,延长产品的保质期打下基础.利用纯培养的方法,根据细菌的菌落形态、菌落颜色、革兰氏染色等特征,从市售冷藏镇江水晶肴蹄中选取菌落形态差别比较明显的8株菌株,通过16S rDNA序列进行分类研究,确定各细菌所属种.试验结果表明:T-1为假单胞菌属的荧光假单胞菌(Pseudomonas fluorescens),T-2为希瓦氏菌属的渡罗的海希瓦氏菌(Shewanella baltica),T-3、P-1、P-2、V-1、V-2、V-3为拉乌尔菌属的解鸟氨酸拉鸟尔菌(Raoultella ornithi-nolytica)[从前的解鸟氨酸克雷伯氏茼(Klebsiella ornithinolytica)].%In order to study the spoilage principle of specific spoilage bacteria, thereby prolongate the shelf-life of product.The spoilage bacteria in Zhenjiang Yao meat were isolated and its main strains were identified.8 strains with obvious difference in sharp, color, gram staining and so on common characteristic were selected from commercial cold storage Yao meat by pure culture method, and the classified status of bacteria was determined by classification research of 16S rDNA sequences.The experimental results indicated that T-1 is Pseudomonas fluorescens; T-2 is Shewanella baltica; T-3、P-1、P-2、V-1、V-2、V-3 is Raoultella ornithinolytica (formerly Klebsiella ornithinolytica ).

  5. 筒论魏晋的谈论和文论%On the Wei and Jin's Talk and Literary Debate



    谈论是指人们以言谈的方式进行交谈,分析和阐明事理。广义之谈论除此之外,它还应包括清谈、清议、言论、辩论、讲论、口论等在内。文论是指因参与论辩需要而以书面语言创作的论体文。魏晋的谈论和文论关系密切,它们互相促进,共同发展,并出现繁荣的局面,其突出表现就是谈论的艺术化和文论的论辨化。%Talking is the way people speak in conversation, analyze and clarify common sense. In addition, it should also include private talk, unofficial argument, speech, debate, verbal criticism and etc. Literary debate is due to participation in debate on the need to create a written language in the body of the text. There is a close relationship between the Wei and Jin's talk and literary debate . They promote each other for mutual development and then enhance their prosperity, with the characteristics of the talk of art and literary debate of argument.

  6. The Complex of Fei Ming on the Wei and Jin Dynasties%废名的魏晋情结发微



    Fei-Ming, with a lonely attitude in the work, immersed in thinking about the human society, tapped into a series of topics on humanistic torture, and made people to chew bitter lives under the cloak of diluted words, showcasing a humanistic perspective out of the enlightenment and national salvation discourse. The rural narration by Fei Ming provided a human nature for the modern society. He managed to understand and digested Wei-Jin literature skills, achieving a creative transform for traditional Chinese literature.%沉浸于社会人性的思考,发掘一连串发人深省的人文拷问话题,冲淡的外衣下让人去咀嚼苦味人生,废名孤独的耕耘姿态,显示了启蒙和救国话语之外的人文视域。废名小说的田园叙事,为动荡频仍的现代社会提供一方令人反思的人文自然。他尽心领会并消化魏晋文学技巧,形成中国文学传统的创造性转化。

  7. 成都老中医史伟治疗阳痿临床经验%Clinical experience of TCM master Shi Wei for treating impotence



    Objective: To summarize the experience for treating impotence treatment by TCM master Shi Wei. Methods:Application of psychological counseling, combined with TCM decoction with soft powder, tonic conditioning, diet supplement physical treatment method, change the way of life, according to the etiology, treatment. Conclusion: The clinical verification, the comprehensive TCM method, clinical accurately detailed examination of etiology, the polygenetic, etiology will be very helpful.%目的:总结老中医史伟治疗阳痿的治疗经验。方法:应用心理疏导,中药汤剂,配合粉剂冲服,膏滋补剂调理,饮食补充体质,改变生活方式,采用五位一体的治疗方法,然后依据病因分步治疗。结论:临床证实,应用老中医独创的五位一体分步治疗方法,临床准确审查病因,把握一病多因,审因论治,能取得满意的临床效果。

  8. Factors affecting domestic water consumption in rural households upon access to improved water supply: insights from the Wei River Basin, China.

    Liangxin Fan

    Full Text Available Comprehensively understanding water consumption behavior is necessary to design efficient and effective water use strategies. Despite global efforts to identify the factors that affect domestic water consumption, those related to domestic water use in rural regions have not been sufficiently studied, particularly in villages that have gained access to improved water supply. To address this gap, we investigated 247 households in eight villages in the Wei River Basin where three types of improved water supply systems are implemented. Results show that domestic water consumption in liters per capita per day was significantly correlated with water supply pattern and vegetable garden area, and significantly negatively correlated with family size and age of household head. Traditional hygiene habits, use of water appliances, and preference for vegetable gardening remain dominant behaviors in the villages with access to improved water supply. Future studies on rural domestic water consumption should pay more attention to user lifestyles (water appliance usage habits, outdoor water use and cultural backgrounds (age, education.

  9. Variations in annual water-energy balance and their correlations with vegetation and soil moisture dynamics: A case study in the Wei River Basin, China

    Huang, Shengzhi; Huang, Qiang; Leng, Guoyong; Zhao, Menglong; Meng, Erhao


    It is of importance to investigate watershed water-energy balance variations and to explore their correlations with vegetation and soil moisture dynamics, which helps better understand the interplays between underlying surface dynamics and the terrestrial water cycle. The heuristic segmentation method was adopted to identify change points in the parameter to series in Fu's equation belonging to the Budyko framework in the Wei River Basin (WRB) and its sub-basins aiming to examine the validity of stationary assumptions. Additionally, the cross wavelet analysis was applied to explore the correlations between vegetation and soil moisture dynamics and to variations. Results indicated that (1) the omega variations in the WRB are significant, with some change points identified except for the sub-basin above Zhangjiashan, implying that the stationarity of omega series in the WRB is invalid except for the sub-basin above Zhangjiashan; (2) the correlations between soil moisture series and to series are weaker than those between Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) series and omega series; (3) vegetation dynamics show significantly negative correlations with omega variations in 1983-2003 with a 4-8 year signal in the whole WRB, and both vegetation and soil moisture dynamics exert strong impacts on the parameter omega changes. This study helps understanding the interactions between underlying land surface dynamics and watershed water-energy balance. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  10. Changes of major tea polyphenols and production of four new B-ring fission metabolites of catechins from post-fermented Jing-Wei Fu brick tea.

    Zhu, Yun-Fei; Chen, Jing-Jing; Ji, Xiao-Ming; Hu, Xin; Ling, Tie-Jun; Zhang, Zheng-Zhu; Bao, Guan-Hu; Wan, Xiao-Chun


    HPLC analysis of samples from four major fermentation procedures of Jing-Wei Fu brick tea showed that the level of major tea catechins epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) and epicatechin gallate (ECG) dropped increasingly to about 1/3 in the final product. Phytochemical study of the final product led to the discovery of four new B-ring fission metabolites of catechins (BRFCs) Fuzhuanin C-F (1-4) together with three known BRFCs (5-7), six known catechins (8-13), five simple phenols (14-18), seven flavones and flavone glycosides (19-25), two alkaloids (26, 27), three triterpenoids (28-30) and one steroid (31). The structures were elucidated by spectroscopic methods including 1D and 2D NMR, LC-HR-ESI-MS, IR, and CD spectra. Five compounds (16-18, 28, 29) were reported for the first time in tea. Possible pathways for the degradation of major tea catechins and the generation of BRFCs were also provided.

  11. The Dual Antimelanogenic and Antioxidant Activities of the Essential Oil Extracted from the Leaves of Acorus macrospadiceus (Yamamoto F. N. Wei et Y. K. Li

    Huey-Chun Huang


    Full Text Available The antimelanogenic and antioxidant activities of the essential oil extracted from the leaves of Acorus macrospadiceus (Yamamoto F. N. Wei et Y. K. Li have never been explored. The essential oil effectively inhibited mushroom tyrosinase activity (EC50 = 1.57 mg/mL and B16F10 tyrosinase activity (IC50 = 1.01 mg/mL, decreased the melanin content (EC50 = 1.04 mg/mL, and depleted the cellular level of the reactive oxygen species (ROS (EC50 = 1.87 mg/mL. The essential oil effectively scavenged 2,2-diphenyl-1-picryl-hydrazyl (DPPH (EC50 = 0.121 mg/mL and 2,2′-azino-bis (3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulphonic acid ABTS+ radicals (EC50 = 0.122 mg/mL. It also exhibited an apparent reducing power (EC50 = 0.021 mg/mL and metal-ion chelating activity (EC50 = 0.029 mg/mL. The chemical constituents of the essential oil are ethers (55.73%, ketones (19.57%, monoterpenes (7.82%, alcohols (3.85%, esters (3.77%, sesquiterpenes (3.72%, and aromatic compounds (2.85%. The results confirm that A. macrospadiceus essential oil is a natural antioxidant and inhibitor of melanogenesis.

  12. Effects of Elevated Ozone on Stoichiometry and Nutrient Pools of Phoebe Bournei (Hemsl. Yang and Phoebe Zhennan S. Lee et F. N. Wei Seedlings in Subtropical China

    Jixin Cao


    Full Text Available Tropospheric ozone (O3 is considered one of the most critical air pollutants in many parts of the world due to its detrimental effects on plants growth. However, the stoichiometric response of tree species to elevated ozone (O3 is poorly documented. In order to understand the effects of elevated ozone on the stoichiometry and nutrient pools of Phoebe bournei (Hemsl. Yang (P. bourneiand Phoebe zhennan S. Lee et F. N. Wei (P. zhennan, the present study examined the carbon (C, nitrogen (N, and phosphorous (P concentrations, stoichiometric ratios, and stocks in foliar, stem, and root for P. bournei and P. zhennan with three ozone fumigation treatments (Ambient air, 100 ppb and 150 ppb. The results suggest that elevated ozone significantly increased the N concentrations in individual tissues for both of P. bournei and P. zhennan. On the contrary, elevated ozone decreased the C:N ratios in individual tissues for both of P. bournei and P. zhennan because the C concentration remained stable under the ozone stress. The P concentration, and C:P and N:P ratios in individual tissues for both P. bournei and P. zhennan did not exhibit consistent variation tendency with elevated ozone. Elevated ozone sharply reduced the total C, N, and P stocks and altered the pattern of C, N, and P allocation for both P. bournei and P. zhennan. The present study suggests that tropospheric ozone enrichment should be considered an important environmental factor on stoichiometry of tree species.

  13. Comparison of effect of granules and herbs of Bu-Shen-Yi-Qi-Tang on airway inflammation in asthmatic mice

    Wei Ying; Lyu Yubao; Li Mihui; Luo Qingli; Sun Jing; Liu Feng; Lin Yanhua


    Background Bu-Shen-Yi-Qi-Tang (BSYQT),which is prescribed on the basis of clinical experience,is commonly used in clinics of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) for asthma treatment.The components of BSYQT include Radix Astragali (RA),Herba Epimedii (HE) and Radix Rehmanniae (RR).The aim of this study was to compare the effect of granules and herbs of BSYQT on airway inflammation in asthmatic mice.Methods Sixty female BALB/c mice were randomly divided into the normal control (NC) group,asthmatic group (A),decoction of granules of BSYQT treatment group (GD),decoction of herbs of BSYQT treatment group (HD),and dexamethasone treatment group (DEX).The mouse asthmatic model was induced by ovalbumin (OVA) sensitization and challenge.GD and HD of BSYQT as well as DEX were prepared and administered by intragastric infusion.Airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) to methacholine (Mch),lung histopathology analysis,inflammatory mediators in serum (IL-4,IL-5,IL-17A,IFN-γ,and eotaxin) and in lung (IL-4,IL-5,IFN-γ,and eotaxin) were selected for investigation and comparison.Results Both GD and HD treatment could decrease airway resistance (RL) and increase dynamic compliance (Cdyn) to Mch compared with the A group (P <0.05).HD treatment was more effective in RL reduction than Mch at doses of 3.125 and 6.25 mg/ml (P <0.05) and in Cdyn increase at Mch doses of 6.25 and 12.5 mg/ml (P <0.05).There were no marked differences in RL reduction and Cdyn improvement between mice in HD and DEX groups (P >0.05).Both GD and HD treatment markedly attenuated lung inflammation (P <0.05),and HD treatment demonstrated more significant therapeutic function in alleviating lung inflammation than that of GD and DEX treatment (P <0.05).Both GD and HD treatment resulted in a significant reduction in IL-4 and IL-17A levels and an increase in the IFN-γ level in serum compared with the A group (P <0.05).The effect of HD in lowering the IL-4 and IL-17A level was significantly greater than that of

  14. Yi-Qi-Zeng-Min-Tang,a Chinese medicine,ameliorates insulin resistance in type 2 diabetic rats

    Zeng Zhang; Hong-Li Xue; Yi Liu; Wen-Jian Wang


    AIM:To investigate the effects of the Chinese herbal decoction,Yi-Qi-Zeng-Min-Tang (YQZMT),on insulin resistance in type 2 diabetic rats. METHODS:Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into two dietary regiments by feeding either normal pellet diet (NPD) or high fat diet (HFD).Four weeks later,the HFD-fed rats were injected intraperitoneally with lowdose streptozotocin (STZ).Rats with non-fasting blood glucose level ≥ 16.67 mmol/L were considered type 2 diabetic and further divided into five subgroups:the type 2 diabetes model group,low-dose,medium-dose and high-dose YQZMT groups,and rosiglitazone group. Age-matched NPD-fed rats served as controls.YQZMT or rosiglitazone were administered for 8 wk.Intraperitoneal glucose and insulin tolerance tests were performed before and after the treatment to measure the glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity.Serum levels of biochemical parameters,adipocytokines,such as tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α),interleukin-6 (IL-6),as well as free fatty acids (FFAs),were also analyzed. RESULTS:There was significant elevation of insulin resistance and serum levels of fasting glucose (12.82 ± 1.08 mmol/L vs 3.60 ± 0.31 mmol/L,P < 0.01),insulin (7197.36 ± 253.89 pg/mL vs 4820.49 ± 326.89 pg/mL, P < 0.01),total cholesterol (TC) (8.40 ± 0.49 mmol/L vs 2.14 ± 0.06 mmol/L,P < 0.01),triglyceride (2.24 ± 0.12 mmol/L vs 0.78 ± 0.05 mmol/L,P < 0.01),low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-c) (7.84 ± 0.51 mmol/L vs 0.72 ± 0.04 mmol/L,P < 0.01) and decrease in high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c) (0.57 ± 0.03 mmol/L vs 1.27 ± 0.03 mmol/L,P < 0.01) in the low-dose STZ and high-fat diet induced type 2 diabetic group when compared with the control group. Administration of YQZMT induced dose- and timedependent changes in insulin resistance,glucose and lipid profile,and reduced levels of FFA,TNF-α and IL-6 in the type 2 diabetic rats.After the treatment, compared with the diabetic group,the insulin resistance was ameliorated in the

  15. 广西白裤瑶族40岁以上人群的血脂水平调查%Serum lipids levels in subjects aged 40 years and over in the Guangxi Bai Ku Yao population

    李牡艳; 尹瑞兴; 潘尚领; 林伟雄; 杨德寨; 李树全


    目的 了解广西白裤瑶族40岁及以上人群的血脂水平. 方法 采用分层随机整群抽样方法对485例白裤瑶族40岁及以上人群的饮食摄入量、生活习惯等进行流行病学调查,对血压、身高、体质量、体质指数(BMI)、腰围、血脂及载脂蛋白(apo)进行测定,并将结果与501例当地的汉族人群进行比较. 结果 白裤瑶族的文化程度、身高、体质量、腰围、血压、高脂血症患病率以及总能量、总脂肪、总蛋白质、食物胆固醇和食盐的摄入量明显低于汉族(P0. 05). Conclusions There are significant differences in lipids levels and the risk factors between Bai Ku Yao and Han populations, which might result from different dietary habits, life styles, and physical activities.

  16. 姚晨:网络新媒体之于明星形象的建构%Yao Chen:The Construction of the Star's Image through New Internet Media



    The image of the star is constructed by various kinds of media as an agent,and the appearance of microblog has brought about a great change to the relationship between the stars and the public,and a new change to the construction of the image of the stars.As a No.1 popular microblog star,Yao Chen has both enriched and changed the image of star through microblog.Involved during the construction process are the following three aspects: star production,star reception,and star semiotics.%明星形象的建构以各种媒体作为介质而得以实现,微博这一网络新媒体的出现令明星和大众的关系发生了巨大的变化,同时也令明星形象的建构出现了新的改变。姚晨作为新浪微博粉丝量排行第一的明星,通过微博这一媒体丰富并改变了大众视野中的明星形象。而这一过程则渗透了明星生产、明星接受及明星符号学这三个层面。

  17. The classification method of syndromes in the Bei ji qian jin yao fang (Essential Recipes for Emergent Use Worth A Thousand Gold)%《备急千金要方》病证分类方法

    申晓伟; 郑文杰; 马明越; 张志斌


    Bei ji qian jin yao fang (Essential Recipes for Emergent Use Worth A Thousand Gold) epitomizes the medical achievements of the Tang Dynasty with an extensive coverage.The classification method of syndromes in this book is derived from Neijing (Inner Canon),Nanjing (Classic of Questioning),Shang han za bing lun (Treatise on Cold Pathogenic and Miscellaneous Diseases),Zhu bing yuan hou lun (General Treatise on Causes and Manifestations of All Diseases),and enlightens the later generation with many unique characteristics,reflecting the mature recognition of the diseases in the contemporary clinical medicine from one side.It is still of great significance for understanding the diseases and exploring its pathogenesis even today.%《备急千金要方》为唐代医书集大成者,内容涵盖十分广泛,其病证分类方法,上承《内经》、《难经》、《伤寒杂病论》、《诸病源候论》,下启后世诸家,有很多独创之处,从一个侧面体现出当时的临床医学对很多疾病的认识已相当成熟,直到现代,对于今人认识疾病,探讨疾病病机仍有很大的意义.

  18. Collation on Shen Quanqi’s Yao Tongdu’s Five Passages of Yu Ling%沈佺期《遥同杜五过庾岭》考校



    There were as many as 16 variants in Shen Quanqi ’s poem collection Yao Tongdu ’s Five Pas-sages of Yu Ling. Through a collation with “An Anthology of Tang Poems”, “the entire Tang poem”, the poems titles should be combined into “With Five Other Members Outside the Instance Du Yu Ling”. “Luopu scenery to jaw joint like nothing Chongshan Dan disease unbearable smell” has been regarded as the best; the neck joint word “Kite” is inferior to the word “man”; and the tail stock “Jiangshan”is superior to the word “spring”.%沈佺期《遥同杜五过庾岭》,异文多达16处。经与《唐诗别裁集》、《全唐诗》比勘校释,诗题应合为《遥同杜五员外审言过庾岭》。颔联似以“洛浦风光何所似?崇山瘅疫不堪闻”为佳;颈联出句中“鸢”字不若“人”字;尾联“江山”一词胜于“春风”一词。

  19. A Brief Analysis of the Pluralism of Religion Belief of Yao Nationality in Yunnan and Its Social Function%简论云南瑶族宗教信仰的多元化及其社会功能



    云南瑶族在其历史发展的进程中,创造了具有本民族特色的独特的宗教信仰,既有原始宗教成分,又有外来宗教成分的介入,最后形成了多元宗教文化。其特征颇有特色,有自然崇拜、图腾崇拜、鬼神崇拜、祖先崇拜、巫教、道教、儒家文化成分等;其原因较为复杂,有自然外力因素、有社会阶级压迫的人为因素、文化融合因素等;其社会功能为现实服务色彩明显。%The Yao nationality in Yunnan creates a unique religious belief with its own national characteristics, combining elements of primitive religion and elements of external religion, forming the culture of plural religions in the end. It is characterized saliently by na-ture worship, totem worship. Ghost or god worship, ancestor worship, witch, Taoism, Confucius culture, etc. And there are certain rea-sons for this phenomenon, such as external force, personal factors like social impression, cultural factors, etc., and its salient function is that it serves society effectively.

  20. Kuva-yi Milliye Müzesindeki Sırp Kralı II. Stefan Uroš Milutin (1282-1321 Dönemine Ait Gümüş Sikke A Silver Coin of Serbian King Stephan Uros II Milutin (1282-1321 from Kuva-yi Milliye Museum

    Ceren ÜNAL


    Full Text Available Museum of Kuva-yi Milliye in Balıkesir which is located in thenorth-western part of Turkey was established in 1996. The Museum ofKuva-yi Milliye has approximately 2.500 coins from different culturesand ages. As a result of some research, done between 2011-2012August, one rare silver coin which dated back to Medieval era of Serbiawas detected.There is a silver dinar of Serbian king Stephen Uroš II Milutin(1282-1321 in Kuva-yi Milliye Museum which might have come toAnatolia with the international trade route. Serbian silver dinar wasfound together with a group of Venetian silver coins and it was wronglyclassified to Byzantine Empire which was an effective culture in thatera. Most probably, Serbian silver coin which was dated back to the endof the 13th century, might have come to the Anatolia with a trade ofVenetia. The coin which is protected in the Museum is the reflection of arich culture of Anatolia which is the center of overseas trade betweenEast and West.When Byzantine Empire began to lose its power in 12th century,the idea of independence between Balkan communities developed.Serbian Kingdom which was established in 12th century was gettingstronger gradually and its borders were extended. Therefore, SerbianKingdom reached a balance situation between the West and ByzantineEmpire. As the Serbian Kingdom, was located on the overland journeybetween the West and the East, it had effective relations with itswestern alliances. Because of its strategical location, Byzantine Empirehad to have good relations with them.This rare silver dinar most probably came to Anatolia with theVenetian merchants who were dominant in the sea trade in that era. Itwill be presented with the help of the historical background of theBalkans and Serbia. Türkiye’nin kuzeybatısında, Balıkesir ilinde yer alan Kuva-yi Milliye Müzesi 1996 yılında kurulmuştur. Kuva-yi Milliye Müzesi’nde yaklaşık olarak 2.500 adet farklı kültürler ve dönemlere ait sikke

  1. Treatment Differences and Clinical Characteristics of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome Between Yi and Han Nationality in Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture%凉山州彝族、汉族多囊卵巢综合征患者的特点及治疗差异性

    李雅琪; 宋致蓉; 廖国芳; 张瑜; 马燕; 彭俊; 杨炜婷


    Objective To discuss treatment differences and clinical characteristics between Yi and Han nationality in Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). Methods From January 2009 to December 2011, a total of 80 cases with PCOS were included into this study. They were divided into Yi group (n = 40) and Han group (n = 40) according to their nationalities. The study protocol was approved by the Kthical Review Board of Investigation in Human Being of First People s Hospital of Liangshan Prefecture. Informed consent was obtained from each participate. There had no significant differences between two groups among age, infertility years, and so on (P>0. 05). All the subjects received dimethyl biguanide + metformin hydrochloride for 3 months, and the glycometabolism indexes, body mass index (BMI) , and egg chamber changes were observed before and after the treatment. Results The level of LH, T and LH/FSH ratio decreased significantly than those before treatment (P0.05).对两组患者给予炔雌醇环丙孕酮(达英-35)+二甲双胍治疗3个月,观察治疗前、后性激素及糖代谢指标、体重指数(BMI)、卵泡变化情况等.结果 彝族组及汉族组黄体生成素(LH),睾酮(T),卵泡刺激素(FSH)及LH/FSH水平均较治疗前明显下降(P<0.05),治疗后两组葡萄糖和胰岛素的曲线下面积(AUC)均明显下降(P<0.05).结论炔雌醇环丙孕酮+二甲双胍对降低PCOS患者内分泌代谢紊乱疗效明显,但彝、汉族之间临床表现及疗效有一定差异.

  2. 论贾谊文章“清”的审美特色%A Study of the Aesthetic Characteris itcs of"Clearness"in JiaYi's Articles



    Liu Xie repeatedly mentioned Jia Yi in The Literary Mind a nd the Carving of Dragons and appreciated him very much.He appraised Jia Yi's works with "clearness"many times.Jia Yi's articles can arouse people's aes-thetic feelings of "clearness",which is due to his writing skills and his mentality .Therefore ,the characteristics of "clearness"is reflected from two aspects which are the "clearness"of the diction and the "clearness"of his mentality.%刘勰在《文心雕龙》里多次提及贾谊且对贾谊十分激赏,并多次以“清”组成的词语来评价贾谊的作品。贾谊文章给人以“清”的审美感受,除了文章运用的技巧使然外,与其心智也有很大关系。贾谊文章之“清”大致可包括文辞之清和心智之清两方面。

  3. 论司马光的易学思想及其对西夏的政策%The Yi- ology Thought of Simaguang and His policies on Western Xia



    Simaguang made an effort to insisit on the systems of authorized hierachy , from which we can learn in his thorough notes to Yi classical and speech on Dao in Yangxiong' s Taixuan. Especially he paid much attention to Confusicans The Doc- trine of the Mean and solved Western Xia and other remote clan of YI, so he claimed our Chinese peacefully living in the state of out - skirts of Yi Clan and Shenzong ' s stupid action of military.%司马光极力支持一种上起统治者下至低级官员的授权等级制度,在他详注《易经》及杨雄的《太玄》时对道进行的阐述中,这一点很明显。他也非常重视孔子的中庸之道,并以此来解决与西夏等四夷的关系,主张华夏处于中央,而与四夷安处,则天下太平,反对神宗进攻西夏的愚蠢军事行动。

  4. Adjustment of Civil Mediation of Yi Nationality and People's Mediation System%彝族民间调解与人民调解制度的调适研究



    The Yi civil mediation is an integral part of China' s civil mediation, and it has its own limitations. It is very important to combine and coordinate the civil mediation of Yi nationality and the people' s mediation. The people' s mediation is the main way of mediation, which should be integrated with the civil mediational subject, mediational basis and mediational range to solve the conflict about the civil mediation of Yi nationality and the people' s mediation.%彝族民间调解是我国民间调解的有机组成部分,又存在着自身的局限性,有必要解决彝族调解和人民调解的衔接和协调问题。要确立人民调解为主,彝族民间调解参与的原则;对彝族民间调解的调解主体、调解依据、调解范围等进行整合,以解决彝族民间调解和国家法冲突的问题。

  5. 李用粹医学理论和实践中的易学烙印%Applications of Yi theory in the medical theory and practice by LI Yong-cui

    魏飞跃; 文乐兮


    李用粹深受中国传统文化熏陶,推崇易学,不仅论病析药每每浸染易学文化色彩,而且辨证论治总能融会易学思维,尤其体现在见微知著,既病防变;分清标本缓急,相时而动;立足整体,据五行生克立法.%Li Yong-cui was deeply affected by traditional Chinese culture and accorded great importance to Yi theory. He applied Yi theory into analysis of illnesses and medicines and used thinking way of Yi in syndrome differentiation and treatments, especially in the situations like this: he could see the entirety from the small details to prevent the development of diseases; he could differentiate the symptoms and root causes, the urgent and the deferred, to take proper treatments at the right time; he could apply the rules based on the holism and the generation-inhibition among five elements.

  6. The Yi nationality Civil Mediation and modern significance benign interaction%彝族民间调解与国家法律制度的良性互动



    The Yi national minority people in several thousand year history, formed to have solved the mechanism by the Ger- man ancient mediation multiplication tradition dispute primarily. Plans in the Yi national minority tradition dispute solves in the mechanism operational aspect present situation analysis foundation, proposing that the Yi national minority tradition dispute solves the mechanism and the country legal regime's benign interaction. The conformity civil dispute mediates the resources, the carrying out multiplication mediation mechanism, constructs the big mediation pattern.%彝族人民在几千年历史中,形成了以民间德古调解为主的多元化传统纠纷解决机制。拟在彝族民间调解制度的运行情况的现状分析基础上,提出彝族民间调解与国家法律制度的良性互动,整合民间纠纷调解的资源,推行多元化调解机制,构建大调解格局。

  7. [On Bian Que and the culture of witch doctor of Eastern Yi Ethnic Group as viewed from the Picture of Bian Que's Needling in the stone-carved figure of Han Dynasty].

    Yang, J P; Wang, Z G; Lu, X


    The culture of witch doctor of the Eastern Ethnic Yi Group exerted profound influence on early acupuncture art and medicine. There is a score of Bian Que's Needling Picture in the stone-carved figure unearthed in Shandong Province, demonstrating the origin of acupuncture in the region of Eastern Yi Ethnic Group. Bian Que, with the identity of witch doctor, and"doctor stone needling witch"with the legend of a professional acupuncturing indicates the important influence of witch doctor on the origin of acupuncture art.The archeological discovery of tortoise shell, divination carved on bones, and conical needles all buried together in the Da-wen-kou culture indicates that the earliest therapy witch doctor applied was related to needling. As a representative of the Eastern Yi Ethnic Group, Bian Que,"the Father of Medical Prescription"was the embryonic form of early acupuncture art, promoted the formation and development of early medical theory, the theory of pulse feeling, being the important part of the early stage of origin of needling-pulse feeling theory.

  8. 彝族人群艾滋病知识行为状况分析%Analysis of AIDS related knowledge and behavior of Yi minority people



    Objective To understand Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome ( HIV/AIDS) related knowledge and behavioral characters among Yi people and to investigate HIV /AIDS related risk factors . Methods Questionnaire survey was conducted and the contents of the questionnaire covered the sociodemographic characters , hygienic habits , sanitation knowledge , HIV/AIDS related knowledge and attitudes , sexual behaviors and the drug use history as well .Results The illiteracy rate of respondents was 76.0 %, 87.5 %of respondents were farmers ,and the awareness rate of HIV/AIDS knowledge was 50 %around .The multi-sexual partner and the drug using phenomenon existed among the unmarried respondents .Conclusion Yi people have HIV/AIDS risk behaviors and it ’ s necessary to adopt the pertinent controlling measures .%目的:了解彝族人群艾滋病防治知识知晓情况,探索人群行为特点和影响艾滋病在该人群中流行的原因。方法对彝族人群开展问卷调查,内容包括人口学特征、生活习惯、基本卫生常识、艾滋病相关知识、态度、近期性行为、吸毒史等。结果调查对象文盲占76.0%,农民占87.5%,艾滋病防治知识知晓率不高,为50%左右,非“在婚”人群有多性伴和吸毒现象。结论彝族人群存在艾滋病传播的各种高危行为,有感染艾滋病的风险,需要采取有针对性的防治措施。

  9. 张杲《医说》版本知见录%An introduction on the editions of Zhang Gao's Yi shuo (Medical Narrations)

    王旭光; 陆翔


    Zhang Gao's Yi shuo (Medical Narrations) of the Southern Song Dynasty had 2 kinds of editions:domestic editions and foreign editions.The former includes 1 Song edition,14 Ming editions,3 Qing editions and 25 editions after the Republic of China.The latter,mainly 2 classes,the Japanese edition and Korean printing type edition.In the Ming Dynasty,the editions of Yi shuo generated 2 branches:inherited edition and supplementary edition.The inherited editions include Gu Dingfang's edition,Zhang Yaode's edition,Wu Mianxue's edition,Wu Zhongheng's edition,Wang Kentang's edition,editions from Si ku quan shu (Imperial Collection of Four),stereotype edition of the 3th year of Xuantong reign (1911) from Shanghai Civilization Bookstore,edition of the 2nd year of Manji of Japan etc.The supplemental editions inelude Zhang Zili's edition,Shen Fan's edition,Fu Feng'ao's edition,transcript of the late Ming Dynasty preserved in the Library of Peking University,and Korean printing type edition etc.%南宋医家张杲的《医说》有国内出版本和国外出版本2类.国内出版本可分为宋本、明本、清本、民国以来诸本,目前可以知见宋本1种、明本14种、清本3种、民国以来诸本25种.国外出版本主要有日本刊本、朝鲜活字本2类.《医说》的版本,在明代产生了原本传承本和增补本2个分支.原本传承本有顾定芳刊本、张尧德刊本、吴勉学刊本、吴中珩刊本、王肯堂刊本、《四库全书》诸本、清宣统三年(1911)上海文明书局铅字排印本、日本万治二年(1659)刊本等.增补本有张子立刊本、沈藩刊本、傅凤翱刊本、北京大学图书馆藏明末抄本、朝鲜活字本等.

  10. On the hydrology and fluvial sediment transport of the proglacial river Riffler Bach (Weißseeferner, Ötztal Alps, Tyrol)

    Morche, David; Baewert, Henning; Weber, Martin; Schmidt, Karl-Heinz


    The hydrology of proglacial rivers is strongly affected by glacier melting. With ongoing glacier retreat the proportion of glacier meltwater in proglacial rivers is declining over longer time periods. Snow melt or rain fall events will play a more important role as water source. Due to glacial erosion the glacier system is also an important player in the orchestra of sediment sources/processes contributing to proglacial sediment budgets. The consequence of increasing deglaciation is a growing importance of other sediment sources/processes, mainly known as paraglacial, for sediment budgets in glacier forefields. The sediment export out of proglacial areas is mainly done by solid river load. Knowledge on the quantity of the exported sediments is important for reservoir management and torrent control. In order to measure fluvial sediment transport in the catchment area of the Gepatsch reservoir in the Ötztal Alps (Tyrol/Austria) we have installed a gauging station at the proglacial river Riffler Bach in June 2012. The catchment area of this station is about 20 km² with an altitudinal range from 1929 m to 3518 m. The higher altitudes in the southern part of the area are covered by the glacier Weißseeferner. Our station is equipped with an automatic water sampler (AWS 2002) and probes for water level, turbidity and electrical conductivity. All parameters are recorded in 5-15 minute intervals during the ablation period. Discharge is measured with current meters during wadable stages and salt dilution during higher floods. Bed load is measured concurrent to discharge measurements using a Helley-Smith sampler. In 2012, 189 water samples were taken and will be analyzed for suspended sediment concentration and ion content. Additionally, the grain size distribution will be determined using a Malvern laser diffractometer. Rating-curves will be used to calculate discharge from stage recordings. Solid load of the Riffler Bach will be quantified using the discharge data and

  11. Decision support system for integrated river basin management conflict assessment and resolution approaches for the Weiße Elster river

    Hennrich, K. P.; Rode, M.; Hansjürgens, B.; Klauer, B.; Petry, D.


    The purpose of the EU water framework directive is to establish a good ecological status for inland surface waters, transition waters, groundwater and coastal waters until 2009. To achieve this goal a program of measures has to be defined in a management plan for each river basin. To date, methodological gaps exist regarding the scientific, economic and legal instruments available to implement the directive in Germany. The main aim of the project is to develop a decision support system for integrated river basin management based on a computer modelling system. Study area is the meso-scale river basin of the Weiße Elster river, flowing through three states, Thuringia, Saxony and Saxony-Anhalt. Currently, river basins in Germany are managed on a state level. Research is carried out in close cooperation with local authorities. In the context of the EU water framework directive scientific, economic, and legal methods and approaches will be coupled and developed further. The core of the decision support system is an object-oriented modelling system coupled with a multi-criteria analysis. The modelling system integrates water and substance transport as well as socio-economic forecasting models and methods. The system will be able to simulate and assess the scientific, economic and social effects of management measures. The results as well as interests of concerned stakeholders will be joined and evaluated in a subsequent multi-criteria analysis. Based on these results for decision support, programs of measures recognising interests of water management, industry, agriculture, politics and the public can be established in the management plans of the respective authorities.

  12. Master QingYuanWei-xin’ s Three Phase Theory about Meditation%论青源惟信见山见水参禅三境界



    The Zen meditation people are very diligent in their pursuit of the highest State of their bodies and thoughts.It is very hard in the beginning.Then you must try your best to practice how to achieve Moksha.Finally you may succeed.That’ s what we mention it as more and more complex levels in the process of self -cultivation and meditation.In order to achieving Moksha , you must trust the zen theory absolutely and do all you could to a-chieve your goal in stead of practicing meditation casually and being content with a little bit of achievement.QingYuanWeiXin ’ s three phase theory about meditation correlated with Master Huineng ’ s satori for three times.All of them can help those who practice zen in order to achieve Moksha.%禅者抉择身心,孜孜切切,始之难入,中之做功夫,终之廓然开朗,所谓关外有关,天外有天。最惧了草而事,轻忽而行,可退可休,而得少为足;最须死心信受,疾驱长驰,殚精竭神,不退不休,而破重重幽关。青源惟信见山三阶段与六祖惠能之三次“悟”互照互应,其皆能激发学人疑情,使学人遍得一切深浅,而登解脱自在之门。

  13. 孙维峰治疗痛风性关节炎经验%Sun Wei-feng's Experience of Treating Gouty Arthritis



    Professor Sun Wei-feng thinks that gouty arthritis during the intermittent period and chronic phase are mainly due to yin deficiency of the liver and kidney leading to the spleen failing to activate,internal phlegmatic dampness,intermingled phlegm and blood stasis blocking in meridians,joints and the viscera.He emphasizes that "deficiency of the liver,spleen and kidney,intermingled phlegm and blood stasis" are the root of gouty arthritis during the intermittent period and chronic phase,so the treatment should focus on "purging turbidity and removing pathogenesis,dissolving the dampness and clearing away heat,activating blood circulation to remove blood stasis." He uses self-made (XZCBD) to treat it.He especially pays attention to prevention and regulation of patients with gouty arthritis.%孙维峰教授认为痛风性关节炎间歇期及慢性期的病因多为肝肾阴虚,脾失健运,痰湿内生,久则痰瘀互结,留滞经脉、关节、脏腑,强调“肝脾肾虚、痰瘀互结”为痛风的发病根源.孙教授认为痛风性关节炎间歇期及慢性期的治疗原则为“泄浊祛邪、化湿清热、活血化瘀”,自拟“泄浊除痹汤”治疗痛风间歇期及慢性期.孙维峰教授特别注重对痛风性关节炎患者生活上的预防调摄.

  14. Ba-Wei-Di-Huang-Wan through its active ingredient loganin counteracts substance P-enhanced NF-κB/ICAM-1 signaling in rats with bladder hyperactivity.

    Tsai, Wen-Hsin; Wu, Chung-Hsin; Cheng, Chen-Hung; Chien, Chiang-Ting


    Overt bladder afferent activation may exacerbate endogenous substance P (SP) release to induce intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1)-mediated inflammation and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production leading to hyperactive bladder. Ba-Wei-Die-Huang-Wan (BWDHW), a traditional Chinese medicine, has been used to treat lower urinary tract symptoms in patients by undefined mechanisms. We explored the possible mechanisms and the active components of BWDHW on exogenous SP-induced bladder hyperactivity. BWDHW contained six major components: loganin, paeoniflorin, 5-hydroxymethylfurfural, cinnamic acid, cinnamaldehyde, and paeonol by high-performance liquid chromatography. In urethane-anesthetized female Wistar rats, we evaluated transcystometrogram, pelvic afferent nerve activity by electrophysiologic recording techniques, ICAM-1 expression by Western blot and immunohistochemistry, ROS amount by an ultrasensitive chemiluminescence method and possible ROS sources from the different leukocytes by specific stains in SP-treated bladder. BWDHW and its major component loganin dose-dependently inhibited H2 O2 and HOCl activity in vitro. Intragastrical BWDHW (250 mg/kg) and loganin (5 mg/kg) twice daily for 2 weeks did not affect the baseline micturition parameters. Intra-arterial SP (20 µg/rat) through neurokinin-1 receptor activation increased voiding frequency (shortened intercontraction intervals), pelvic afferent nerve activity, bladder NF-κB/ICAM-1 expression, bladder ROS amount, neutrophils adhesion to venous endothelium, CD68 (monocyte/macrophage), and mast cell infiltration in the inflamed bladder. BWDHW and loganin pretreatment significantly depressed SP-enhanced pelvic afferent nerve activity, bladder NF-κB/ICAM-1 expression, leukocyte infiltration, and ROS amount, and subsequently improved bladder hyperactivity. In conclusion, our results suggest that BWDHW and its active component loganin improves bladder hyperactivity via inhibiting SP/neurokinin-1

  15. Pharmacokinetics of the main compounds absorbed into blood after oral administration of Liu Wei Di Huang Wan, a typical combinatorial intervention of Chinese medical formula.

    Zhang, Ning; Li, Lijing; Wang, Ping; Sun, Hui; Wu, Zeming; Piao, Chengyu; Wang, Xijun


    Liu Wei Di Huang Wan (LW) has been used as an active Chinese patent formula for "Five Late Syndrome" of Children for thousands of years. Due to the complexity in its chemical constituents, the pharmacokinetics of this formula have not been elucidated clearly, and the understanding of its pharmacological properties has been delayed. Previous studies have identified the constituents absorbed into blood after the oral administration of LW; moreover, 5-hydroxymethyl-2-furoic acid (HMFA), loganin and paeonol have been proved as surrogate markers. In this study, a rapid validated high-performance liquid chromatography method was developed for determining three marker compounds in plasma. The analysis was performed on a Waters Symmetry Shield™ RP(18) column with acetonitrile and 0.15% phosphoric acid as the mobile phase, which showed acceptable linearity, intra- and inter-day precision, and accuracy. By using the established method, the pharmacokinetic analysis of LW was carried out. The t (1/2)α and t (1/2)β were 2.62/32.66, 0.46/4.71 and 1.30/23.51 h and the climax times and concentrations were 0.56/683.75, 0.70/2826.11 and 0.62 h/4030.48 ng ml(-1) for HMFA, loganin and paeonol, respectively. Especially, both the absorption and disposition of HMFA were swift (t (1/2) kα 0.1 h, t (1/2)α 2.62 h), but the elimination was quite slow (t (1/2)β 32.66 h); this phenomenon reflected the synergetic effect of LW combinatorial intervention and the value of compatibility can be more clearly understood. The pharmacokinetic characters of HMFA, loganin and paeonol not only elucidated the steady and long-lasting pharmacological properties, but they also revealed the practical value of the compatibility of Chinese medical formula.

  16. The Commandment Book & Home Dissuasion in Han Wei and Six Dynasties%汉魏六朝诫子书与家诫论议



    The Commandment book & Home dissuasion in Han Wei and Six Dynasties focus on warning and teach-ing children. Because of the tangled warfare political situation of the troubled times, it warned their children and grandchildren of being discreet in word and deed, cultivating their mind and realizing their ambition, saving life and keeping safe. Most of them explain the philosophy of life in society, and survival values. Because of the dis-crepancy in sentiment and intellect, the conflict between the self-examination from mistakes and the acceptance of new ideas, the divorce between argument and practice presents a paradox. Commandment Book & Home dissuasion seeks to find truth, esteeming simplicity, applying comparison, and establishing the two kinds of styles: being good at giving methodical and patient guidance and conducting imperative teaching.%汉魏六朝时期的诫子书和家诫重在对子弟警诫教诲,叮嘱后辈谨言慎行、养性守志、保身远害,是数百年混战的乱世时局使然。但其观点主张多与行为实践分离形成悖论,是情感理智差异、行为教训反思和思想接受冲突造成的。诫子书与家诫求“真”、尚“简”、用“比”,形成循序善诱和命令教诲两种风格。

  17. On Communication of Myths in the Region of Tibetan, Qiang and Yi Corridor%“藏羌彝走廊”的神话交流初探



    “藏羌彝走廊”是中国一个多民族聚居地带,这里有丰富的神话资源。既有“大洪水”“、兄妹成亲”等世界性母题,也有在走廊中被广泛采用的“磨盘”等象征体。走廊这个空间结构,促进了民族间的文化交流,这在采用相同象征体这一点上就可以看出。%Tibetan, Qiang and Yi Corridor is a habitat for multiple ethnic groups, with abundant mytholog⁃ical resources. A large variety of topics are present in their mythology, including the universally preva⁃lent flooding, marriage between brothers and sisters, as well as the symbol“millstones, well-known in this re⁃gion. The corridor promotes communication between these ethnic groups, which can be exempli⁃fied by the fact that the same symbol is shared by them.

  18. [Textual research on Guang dong xin yu (New Sayings of Guangdong) quoted in Ben cao gang mu shi yi (Supplements to Compendium of Materia Medica].

    Zhang, Ruixian; Zhang, Wei; Li, Jian; Liang, Fei


    Altogether 15 terms for Guang dong xin yu (New Sayings of Guangdong) were used in Ben cao gang mu shi yi (Supplements to Compendium of Materia Medica), including Yue yu (Cantonese sayings), Chong yu (Sayings from Insect Drug), Jie yu (Sayings from Crustacean Drug), Xin yu (New Sayings), Yue hai xiang yu (Fragrant Sayings from Cantonese Region), Yue zhi mu yu (Sayings from Plants in Cantonese Annals), Guang dong suo yu (Trivial Sayings from Guangdong), Yue shan lu (Records of Cantonese Mountains), Yue lu (Cantonese Records), Jiao guang lu (Joint Guangdong Records), Yue cao zhi (Records of Cantonese Grasses), Guang guo lu (Records of Guangdong Fruits), Nan yue suo ji (Trivial Records of Southern Canton), Guang zhi (Guangdong Records), Yue zhi (Cantonese Records) etc. dealing with 57 sorts of drugs (with individual overlapping ones), the author of Xin yu was Qu Dajun, a surviving fogy of the Ming Dynasty actively involved in the activities to restore the old dynasty and resist the Qing Dynasty, and was persecuted in the literary inquisition in which his works were burnt so that Zhao Xuemin, when quoting his texts, had to go in a roundabout way.

  19. Translation Study on Yang Yi and Emily Bronte%杨苡与艾米莉勃朗特的译介



    Emily Bronte,one of the widely -known Bronte sisters,enjoys a high reputation in the history of world literature. Her only novel "Wuthering Heights"intensively represents her literary achievement.This paper reviews the translation and a-nalysis of Emily Bronte's work.It also centers on the life of the translator -Yang Yi and analyzes her creation and writing style.%艾米莉勃朗特是世界文学史上享有盛誉的“勃朗特三姐妹”之一,她唯一的小说《呼啸山庄》集中代表和体现了她在文学上的成就。本文回顾梳理了艾米莉作品在中国的译介、研究概况,并对译者杨苡的生平进行了介绍,对其创作情况及写作风格等进行了剖析。

  20. YiQiFuMai powder injection ameliorates blood-brain barrier dysfunction and brain edema after focal cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury in mice.

    Cao, Guosheng; Ye, Xinyi; Xu, Yingqiong; Yin, Mingzhu; Chen, Honglin; Kou, Junping; Yu, Boyang


    YiQiFuMai powder injection (YQFM) is a modern preparation derived from the traditional Chinese medicine Sheng-Mai-San. YQFM is widely used in clinical practice in the People's Republic of China, mainly for the treatment of microcirculatory disturbance-related diseases. However, little is known about its role in animals with ischemic stroke. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of YQFM on brain edema and blood-brain barrier (BBB) dysfunction induced by cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. Male C57BL/6J mice underwent right middle cerebral artery occlusion for 1 hour with a subsequent 24-hour reperfusion to produce I/R injury. YQFM (three doses: 0.336, 0.671, and 1.342 g/kg) was then given intraperitoneally (IP). The results demonstrated that YQFM significantly decreased infarct size, improved neurological deficits, reduced brain water content, and increased cerebral blood flow after I/R injury. 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose micro-positron emission tomography imaging and hematoxylin and eosin staining results indicated that YQFM is able to ameliorate brain metabolism and histopathological damage after I/R. Moreover, YQFM administration reduced BBB leakage and upregulated the expression of zona occludens-1 (ZO-1) and occludin, which was confirmed by Evans Blue extravasation, Western blotting, and immunofluorescence assay. Our findings suggest that YQFM provides protection against focal cerebral I/R injury in mice, possibly by improving BBB dysfunction via upregulation of the expression of tight junction proteins.

  1. The Modern Explanation by Algebra Group for the Yi-ology%《易经》学说的现代群论解释

    熊辉; 蔡思洁


    By defining some modem algebraical algorithm and orthogonal transformation rules, it is found that bringing the Yi-ology into Modem Algebra is feasible. Furthermore, it' s also reasonable to establish the Algebra Group and orthogonal transfor- mation on the theory of the nine-grid and eight divinatorytrigram.%《易经》中涉及到简单的数学原理是众多学者的共识。经过深入的研究还可以发现,《易经》中的阴阳、五行和八卦还有纳入近世代数的可能。经过在八卦和九宫图中定义某些代数运算和正交变换等法则,可以发现,在中国古人的阴阳学说与卦象上建立代数群是可行的。

  2. A Study on Jiao Shi Yi Lin’ s Gods Faith%从《焦氏易林》看汉代的神灵信仰



    As a special cultural classic written roughly in the period of the mid-late Western Han Dynasty and the early Eastern Han Dynasty,Jiao Shi Yi Lin contains richly historical and cultural information. Record about Han people’ s faith to gods,such as the God Sun, the God Moon, the God Wind, the God Rain, the God Land and the God Mountain, shows us their complex gods faith world, and makes us understand their spirit world and knowledge system and their behaviors in daily life affected by this kind of spirit world and knowledge system more minutely and deeply.%《焦氏易林》作为一部大致成书于西汉中晚期至东汉初期的特殊文化典籍,蕴含着丰富的历史文化信息。其中关于日神、月神、风神、雨神、社神和山神崇拜的内容向我们展现了汉代人复杂的神灵信仰世界,使我们更细致、更深入地了解时人的精神世界和知识系统,以及时人在这种精神世界和知识系统影响下的日常生活行为。

  3. 彝族舞蹈擦大钹丧葬仪式节目程式分析研究%Yi dance Rub Cymbals Funeral Ceremony Program Analysis



    少数民族民俗舞蹈是中华民族传统文化的组成部分。云南保山彝族村寨在长期的生活中,形成了既有历史传承性又有自身创造发展的舞蹈擦大钹民俗舞蹈。这种舞蹈集民俗、武术、杂耍为一体。本文通过对保山市瓦窑村擦大钹表演者的调查采访,主要对擦大钹丧葬仪式中节目的程式进行论述。%Ethnic Folk dance is an integral part of Chinese traditional culture. Baoshan Yi village life in the long terms, the formation of both the historical heritage but also create their own dance development rub cymbals folk dance. This set of folk dance, martial arts, and acrobatics as a whole. Based on the village of Baoshan City Wayao rub cymbals performers survey interview, mainly to rub cymbals funeral ceremony of the program are discussed in the program.

  4. 撒米落彝族婚俗仪式及文化特征%Wedding Customs and Cultural Change of the Yi Nationality in Samiluo Village



    Wedding customs are folk-customs which are of institutions.The changing process of the wed-ding customs of the Yi Nationalities in Samiluo village, Xundian county,Yunnan province has the characters of both traditional and fresh. Though the maintenance and changes of the wedding customs are in coherence with the development of the society and with the changing times, the permeation of new wedding customs and the in-heritance of traditional customs still have a long way to go before they are generally accepted by the society.%婚姻礼仪是有关婚姻的民俗行为,具有制度性。从彝族婚俗礼与婚俗文化特征的个案来看,云南寻甸撒米落彝族的婚俗礼仪呈现出传统婚俗与现代婚姻文化并存现象,撒米落彝族的传统婚俗文化的保持与文化特征是与现代社会的发展与时代变化相调适的结果。

  5. Bu-Zhong-Yi-Qi Decoction, the Water Extract of Chinese Traditional Herbal Medicine, Enhances Cisplatin Cytotoxicity in A549/DDP Cells through Induction of Apoptosis and Autophagy

    Xiong, Ying


    Cisplatin is one of the most active cytotoxic agents for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treatment. However, the development of cisplatin resistance is common. Bu-Zhong-Yi-Qi decoction (BZYQD), a Chinese traditional herbal medicine, is widely used for the enhancement of antitumor effect in other medications. In this study, we evaluated the effect and drug-resistance reversal mechanism of BZYQD combined with cisplatin on cisplatin-resistant A549/DDP cells. Our results showed that BZYQD exhibited direct cytotoxic and chemosensitizing effects. Cotreatment with BZYQD and cisplatin induced intrinsic apoptotic pathways which were measured by condensed nuclear chromatin, Annexin V/PI apoptosis assay, and apoptosis related proteins expression. In addition, cotreatment with BZYQD and cisplatin also activated autophagy, as indicated by an increase in LC3 puncta, classical autophagosomes and/or autolysosomes, and an accumulation of LC3-II and ATG7 protein. Finally, cotreatment with BZYQD and cisplatin resulted in the generation of ROS and scavenging ROS by NAC almost completely suppressing cell death. These results suggest that cotreatment with BZYQD and cisplatin might reverse cisplatin resistance by inducing ROS accumulation, which activates apoptosis and autophagy by oxidative stress. The combination of BZYQD and cisplatin may represent a novel approach in treatment for NSCLC and thus offer a new target for chemotherapy.

  6. YI Xianrong’s experience in treating anorectal diseases%衣先荣教授诊治肛肠病经验

    马一铭; 张盈


    Professor YI Xianrong thinks that the treatment of anorectal diseases should be combining the theory of Em-peror’s Canon of Medicine,the syndrome types are mainly of anorectal dis ease syndrome of intestine - dryness fluid deficiency of Constipation,syndrome of deficiency for spleen and stomach qi of diarrhoea,syndrome of damp heat sta-sis of periappendicular abscess,syndrome of intermingled heat and cold of syncope due to ascariasis. He advocated use nourishing yin and clearing heat,moistening dryness for relaxing bowels,strengthening spleen and nourishing qi and excreting dampness to stop Diarrhea,clearing heat and removing toxicity,eliminating perianal abscess,reducing heat of Shangjiao and dispelling cold of Xiajiao,calming ascaris to relieve pain for diagnosis and treatment of anorectal disease.%衣先荣教授认为,肛肠病诊治时应结合《内经》理论,从肠燥津亏秘结证、脾胃气虚泄泻证、湿热瘀滞肠痈证、寒热错杂蛔厥证加以分型,治疗上采用滋阴清热、润燥通便,健脾益气、渗湿止泻,清热解毒、排脓消痈,清上温下、安蛔止痛等法。

  7. An extract of a formula used in the traditional chinese medicine (Buzhong Yi Qi Wan) alters the labeling of blood constituents with technetium-99m

    Giani, Tania Santos; Paoli, Severo de; Brandao-Neto, Jose; Medeiros, Aldo da Cunha [Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN), Natal, RN (Brazil). Centro de Ciencias da Saude. Programa de Pos-graduacao em Ciencias da Saude]. E-mail:; Presta, Giuseppe Antonio; Maiworm, Adalgisa Ieda; Santos Filho, Sebastiao David; Fonseca, Adenilson de Souza da [Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UERJ), RJ (Brazil). Inst. de Biologia Roberto Alcantara Gomes. Lab. de Radiofarmacia Experimental; Bernardo-Filho, Mario [Instituto Nacional de Cancer (INCa), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Centro de Pesquisa Basica


    Buzhong Yi Qi Wan (Buzhong) is a medicinal herb widely used in Traditional Chinese Medicine to treat the digestive and circulatory systems. Red blood cell and plasma proteins labeled with technetium-99m ({sup 99m}Tc) are used in nuclear medicine. The aim of this work was to investigate the effects of an aqueous Buzhong extract on the labeling of blood constituents with {sup 99m}Tc. Heparinized blood (Wistar rats) was incubated in vitro with different Buzhong extract concentrations and {sup 99m}Tc-labeling was performed. Plasma (P) and blood cells (BC) were separated and soluble (SF-P, SF-BC) and insoluble (IF-P, IF-BC) fractions were isolated. The radioactivity on blood constituents was determined and the percentage of incorporated radioactivity (%ATI) was calculated. Buzhong extract at the highest concentrations used altered significantly (p<0.05) the %ATI in blood constituents. Substances present in the Buzhong extract could alter the cellular membrane and/or generation of free radicals that have oxidant properties modifying the labeling of blood constituents with {sup 99}mTc. (author)

  8. Identification of the chemical constituents of Chinese medicine Yi-Xin-Shu capsule by molecular feature orientated precursor ion selection and tandem mass spectrometry structure elucidation.

    Wang, Hong-ping; Chen, Chang; Liu, Yan; Yang, Hong-Jun; Wu, Hong-Wei; Xiao, Hong-Bin


    The incomplete identification of the chemical components of traditional Chinese medicinal formula has been one of the bottlenecks in the modernization of traditional Chinese medicine. Tandem mass spectrometry has been widely used for the identification of chemical substances. Current automatic tandem mass spectrometry acquisition, where precursor ions were selected according to their signal intensity, encounters a drawback in chemical substances identification when samples contain many overlapping signals. Compounds in minor or trace amounts could not be identified because most tandem mass spectrometry information was lost. Herein, a molecular feature orientated precursor ion selection and tandem mass spectrometry structure elucidation method for complex Chinese medicine chemical constituent analysis was developed. The precursor ions were selected according to their two-dimensional characteristics of retention times and mass-to-charge ratio ranges from herbal compounds, so that all precursor ions from herbal compounds were included and more minor chemical constituents in Chinese medicine were identified. Compared to the conventional automatic tandem mass spectrometry setups, the approach is novel and can overcome the drawback for chemical substances identification. As an example, 276 compounds from the Chinese Medicine of Yi-Xin-Shu capsule were identified. © 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  9. Ramet Population Structure of Fargesia nitida (Mitford)Keng f. et Yi in Different Successional Stands of the Subalpine Coniferous Forest in Wolong Nature Reserve

    Xiao-Hong Yu; Jian-Ping Tao; Yuan Li; Yong-Jian Wang; Yi Xi; Wei-Yin Zhang; Run-Guo Zang


    Forest structure and succession in Wolong Nature Reserve is influenced by the understory dwarf bamboo population. However, less is known about how the forest succession affects the dwarf bamboo population.To examine the bamboo ramet population growth of Fargesia nitida (Mitford) Keng f. et Yi and to determine how ramet population structure varies along the succession of coniferous forest, we sampled ramet populations of F. nitida from the following three successional stages:(i) a deciduous broad-leaved (BL)stand;(ii) a mixed broad-leaved coniferous (MI) stand;and (iii) a coniferous (CF) stand. We investigated the population structure, biomass allocation, and morphological characteristics of the bamboo ramet among the three stand types. Clonal ramets, constituting the bamboo population, tended to become short and small with succession. The ramet changed towards having a greater mass investment in leaves, branches and underground roots and rhizomes rather than in the culm. With respect to leaf traits, individual leaf mass and area in the BL stand were markedly bigger than those in both the MI and CF stands, except for no significant difference in specific leaf area. The age distribution showed that the bamboo population approached an older age with succession. The results demonstrate that the ramet population structure of F.nitida is unstable and its growth performance is inhibited by succession.

  10. 彝族英雄史诗《戈阿娄》文化人类学阐释%A Cultural Anthropology Research on the Yi Epic Gealou



    彝族英雄史诗《戈阿娄》蕴含着丰富的历史、民族与宗教文化内涵,以文化人类学视角阐释戈阿娄的英雄事迹以及诺苏人的社会文化事项,可延伸《戈阿娄》的历史文化研究价值.本文通过解读史诗中以"马"为代表的民俗文化符号,管窥其特定的象征释义; 剖析史诗中毕摩占卦、念经文、火葬、跳海马等文化现象所呈现的宗教仪式,溯源诺苏人的宗教信仰体系.%the "Gealou" of Yi people's heroic epic has a rich cultural connotation of history, ethnic and religion , to research the heroics of Gealou and social and cultural matters of the Nuosu based on the cultural anthropology, it can extend the historical and cultural research value of the "Gealou" . By inter-preting the epic folk cultural symbols that with"horse" as the representative, to glimpse the specific sym-bol interpretation;analysis the religious that be presented in the epic of the Bimo divination, chanting the text, cremation, Haima jump and other cultural phenomena , to retroact the Nuosu religious system.

  11. 魏晋清谈与论体主题之演变%On the Evolution of Wei-Jin Pure Conversation and the Theme of the Creation of Lun-Ti-Wen



    魏晋时期是论体文创作的繁盛期,其主题的发展和变化与魏晋清谈的演变密切相关,它们之间互相促进,共同发展,并出现繁荣的局面。魏晋的清谈先后经历了人物品评、才性之辩和名教自然之辩三个阶段,相应的论体文则出现了人物论、名理论和力命论三大主题。人物品评促进了人物论创作的繁荣,才性之辩促进了探讨哲理的名理论创作,名教、自然之辩推动了探讨人生的力命论创作。%Wei and Jin Dynasties can be considered to be the prosperous stage of the creation of Lun-Ti-Wen. The development and change of the theme closely related to the evolution of Wei-Jin Pure conversation. They promoted common development and created the prosperous situation. Wei-Jin Pure conversation has experienced three stages: judging people, the debate between capacity and moral character and the debate between Ethical Code and the Liberal. So the corresponding theme mainly reflected in three aspects. Firstly, judging people promoted the prosperity creation of judging people. Secondly, the debate between capacity and moral character developed the philosophical theory for creation of the truth of things. Thirdly, the debate between Ethical Code and the Liberal enhanced the creation of life on life.

  12. Relationship between Lower Motor Neuron Atrophy and Wei Syndrome in Su Wen%下运动神经元瘫与《素问》痿病相关性分析



    The clinical manifestations of the lower motor neuron atrophy are muscle weakness ,muscle atro-phy and fasciculation. They are similar to the wei disease described in Su Wen Wei Lun,which manifests as weak feet,claw dry and muscle tremor. Actually the muscle tremor is fasciculation,not the weakness and flaccidity of the muscles. Wei disease includes motor neuron disease or other lower motor neuron paralysis disease of the modern medicine,but not includes the upper motor neuron paralysis and muscle atrophy myo-genic disease. According to the theory that “treatment of atrophy should be focused on yangming channel”, invigrating spleen and tonifying stomach could achieve satisfactory effects.%下运动神经元瘫临床表现的肌无力、肌萎缩和肌束震颤与《素问·痿论》所述痿病之足痿不用、爪枯、肉蠕动相似。肉蠕动是指肌束颤动,而非肌肉软弱无力。根据临床表现,痿病应包含现代医学的运动神经元病或其他下运动神经元瘫痪性疾病,而不包含上运动神经元瘫和肌源性肌萎缩疾病。根据“治痿独取阳明”的理论,应用健脾养胃法治疗此类疾病效果较好。

  13. On Inheritance of the Dynasty Han and Wei Style in Poetry about Immortals by Guo Pu%试论郭璞《游仙诗》对汉魏风骨的继承

    陈祥伟; 陈亮; 臧守刚


    初唐陈子昂在《修竹篇序》中说:“汉魏风骨,晋宋莫传。”这一说法不能成立。郭璞是东晋人,其《游仙诗》产生的时代背景与汉魏诗歌相近,其诗歌精神实质是坎壈自伤,运用的表现手法是比兴寄托,抒情风格表现为激烈悲愤,这几个方面是对汉魏风骨继承与发展。《游仙诗》具备汉魏风骨特征。%Chen Ziang, the poet in early Tang Dynasty , once remarked in his Preface to Long Bamboos,“ The Vigorous Style of the Han and Wei Dynasty hasn ’ t been inherited in the poems of Jin an Song Dynas-ty.” However, the statement isn’t proved true.The background of The Poetry about Immortals by Guo Pu who was born in the Eastern Jin Dynasty is similar to the historical background of poems composed during the Han and Wei Dynasty .The spirit of the poem is essentially sentimental .The analogy is applied as the? ex-pression technique? in the poem .Furthermore , the lyric style in this poem is presented as fierce grief .Ac-cording to these mentioned aspects , it is indisputable to draw a conclusion that the poetic features of Han and Wei Dynasty are inherited and improved in Poetry about Immortals.

  14. A Study on the Triangular Relationship among Later Chou Chi, Northern Wei and Liu Song Dynasty%论后仇池国与刘宋、北魏的三角关系



    During the period of the Wei, Jin, Northern and Southern dynasties, Later Chou Chi Dynasty was founded by Yang Ding of Di nationality in the Southeast present Gansu Province. Since it was between two forces of Northern Wei and Liu Song Dynasty, in order to survive, Later Chou Chi Dynasty had to submit to them and be quick to switch sides. The purpose was to be the third party benefiting from the tussle and strengthening its own forces. Northern Wei and Liu Song Dynasty tried to co-opt Later Chou Chi Dynasty and implemented a Jimi policy on it in order to suppress each other. Faced with natural disasters, two wars were launched by Later Chou Chi Dynasty on Liu Song Dynasty but failed and led to the demise of the Dynasty.%魏晋南北朝时,氐族杨定建立的后仇池国位于今甘肃省东南部,处于北魏和刘宋两大势力的夹缝中。为了生存发展,后仇池国分别对这两大势力奉表称臣,过着朝秦暮楚的生活,其目的就是想东食西宿、左右逢源,趁机壮大自己的势力。北魏和刘宋为了相互钳制对方,也尽力拉拢后仇池国,对其实行羁縻政策,双方甚至为争夺仇池而大动干戈,进行了你死我活的斗争。为灾荒所逼,后仇池国两次对刘宋发动战争,结果招来灭顶之灾。

  15. 基于易学与堪舆学的人地关系和谐论思辨%Speculation of Human-earth Harmony Theory Based on Yi Studies and Geomancy



    out that Yi Studies is not only philosophy but also philosophical methodology for studying man-land relationship by human geography. It discusses the scientific nature of Zhou Yi which collects most of the harvests in Yi Studies. It also studies "Joseph Needham's puzzle" in passing with an answer given. This paper states that the long developing process marked by four historic periods of Yi Studies is a philosophic evolution of Yi Studies in understanding the laws of man-land relationship. It discusses the laws of man-land relationship indicated by philosophical thoughts of Lianshan Yi, Guicang Yi and Zhou Yi. It places more emphasis on the study of a philosophical methodology of human geography-the interpretation of man-land relationship by Zhou Yi. Geomancy originated from Yi Studies, and therefore, there was no geomancy without Yi Studies. Modern geomancy is closely interrelated with China's human geography. The reasons are shown as follows. (1) Physical geographical environmental factors are the basis of geomancy. (2) A mass of geographical knowledge and methods are the stanchion of geomancy study. (3) The core of geomancy study is man-land relationship. The paper studies dialectical relationship between human-earth harmoniousness theory, Zhou Yi and geomancy and reveals the roles of Zhou Yi and geomancy play in research and coordination of man-land relationship. As viewpoints of geomancy are quite different, Chinese modern human geography should unscramble its special field-geomancy historically, objectively, scientifically and dialectically. Correspondently, the practical process of modern geomancy is discussed with the layout of the overall planning of Guoling International Tourism Holiday District of Qinghai Yellow River as an example. Geomancy contains certain superstition, but it also has important scientific thoughts. We should neither cover its pseudoscientificity with its scientificity, nor should we deny its scientificity by its pseudoscientificity. If

  16. Experience of Professor Wei Xuxing in the Treatment of Migraine by Tongtian Xiaotong Prescription%韦绪性教授运用通天笑痛方治疗偏头痛经验



    目的:探讨韦绪性教授运用通天笑痛方治疗偏头痛的经验.方法:通过跟师学习,对其所创的通天笑痛方的治法、药物组成、用药剂量进行分析,阐明通天笑痛方治疗偏头痛的疗效.结果:通天笑痛方是韦绪性教授治疗顽固难愈偏头痛的经验方,方由生白附子12 g,僵蚕6 g,全蝎4.5g,川芎18 g,白芍30 g,炙甘草10 g,大枣8枚组成.是治疗偏头痛标实证(无明显热象)之通用方,临证多能收“一剂知,二剂已”之奇效.结论:韦绪性教授运用通天笑痛方加减治疗偏头痛疗效显著.%Objective:To investigate the experience of Professor Wei Xuxing in the treatment of migraine by Tongtian Xiaotong Prescription.Methods:Therapeutic method,drug composition and medication dosage of Tongtian Xiaotong Prescription created by Professor Wei Xuxing were analyzed and TCM mechanism of Tongtian Xiaotong Prescription in treating migraine were clarified through learning with the teacher.Results:Tongtian Xiaotong Prescription is the experience prescription of Professor Wei Xuxing treatment of migraine.The prescription is composed by Raw rhizoma typhonii 12 g,Bombyx batryticatus 6 g,Scorpio 4.5 g,Ligusticum wallichii 18 g,Radix paeoniae alba 30 g,Prepared radix licorice 10 g,Jujube 8 pieces.It is the general prescription in treating excessive superficial syndrome of migraine(without obvious heat syndrome) and it can receive wonderful effects of "the first dose of effectiveness,and the second dose of recovery" in clinical.Conclusion:Professor Wei Xuxing in the treatment of migraine by Tongtian Xiaotong Prescription has obvious therapeutic effect.

  17. 魏晋士人重情之思想氛围与现实因缘%On the Ideological Atmosphere and Reality Fate of Scholars'Attaching to Feelings in Wei and Jin Dynasties



    Based on the historical background ,two causes of Wei and Jin scholars'attaching to feelings are discussed:metaphysical real life themes and scholars'conscious feelings the turbulent situation and scholars'tragic sense .%从时代性背景分析魏晋士人重情风尚的成因,从两个方面展开讨论:玄学的现实人生主题与士人情感的自觉;时局变乱与魏晋士人的悲情。

  18. One Case of Time-rhythm Dizziness Treated by Technique of Harmonizing Ying and Wei%调和营卫法治疗时间节律性眩晕1例



    在《黄帝内经》营卫理论及时间医学理论的启迪下,从调和营卫、益气固表论治1例具有典型时间节律性的眩晕患者,获得显著疗效。%Enlightened by the theory of yingwei and chronomedicine inHuangdi’s Internal Classic, a patient with time-rhythm dizziness was successfully treated by the method of tonifying qi and strengthening exterior, harmonizing Ying and Wei.

  19. 论魏晋士风嬗变的历史、时代动因%Historical and Era Motivations in the Evolution of Academic Atmosphere in Wei and Jin Dynasties



    士风是一个时代的意识形态、学术变迁的历史投影。魏晋是士风变化剧烈的历史时期。从政治文化说,魏晋承袭汉代而来。魏晋经学的国家意识形态化直接影响时代的学术变迁,而时代的学术变迁直接影响一代学术风气和士人价值选择,因此在观念上又深刻影响了一代士人的人生态度、人格精神和立身行事的基本作风,从而成为影响一代士风形成、变化的主要时代动因。然而,发端于汉末的士林主体意识的觉醒是魏晋士人思想、观念、行为所表现出的基本特点,而主体意识与集团依附意识的错综交织、儒家思想与玄释思想的错综交织,又使得魏晋士人主体意识觉醒的历史过程显得异常复杂而曲折。%Academic atmosphere is the historical shadow of the ideology and academic changes in one era. Wei and Jin Dynasties are historical periods of the drastic change in the academic atmosphere. In political culture, Wei and Jin Dynasties follow Han dynasty. The national ideology of the Confucian classics in Wei and Jin Dynasties has an immediate impact on academic changes of the times. Academic changes of the times also have an immediate impact on academic atmosphere and scholars’ selection on value in one era. So, in perception, academic changes of the times also deeply influenced the life attitudes, personality spirits, and the basic style of their behaviors. And these have been the main motivations in the evolution of academic atmosphere in the formation and transformation. However, the awakening of scholars’ subject consciousness, originated at the last reign of Han Dynasty, is the essential feature, which are reflected in scholars’ ideas, perceptions, and behaviors in Wei and Jin Dynasties. With the mixture of subject consciousness and group attached consciousness, the Confucianism and Metaphysics, the awakening of the historical period of scholars’ subject consciousness

  20. Common Deviations of Internet Users" Social Inference : Taking Yao Jiaxin Event as an example%网民社会推论的常见偏差分析——以药家鑫事件为例

    胡志海; 张妮妮


    推论是综合或组合多样的复杂的信息,并将他们组织成一个判断的过程。社会推论是社会认知中的核心问题。由于网络的特殊性,网络群体性事件中,网民在信息收集、整合、推论过程中都会出现偏差。以药家鑫事件为例,对网民在社会推论中的常见偏差,主要从网络信息的窄化、网民的从众心理、去个性化、易情绪化和刻板印象五方面进行分析,网民应该充分利用网络信息,应该坚持自我,应养成自律的好习惯,不应该情绪化.盲目从众。%Inference is a process in which various kinds of complex information is integrated or combined to form a judgment. Social inference is the core of social cognition. Because of the particularity of the network, deviations tend to occur in network group events in the process of Interact users" information collection, integration and inference. Taking Yao Jiaxin Event as an example, this paper analyzes some common deviations of Internet users" social inference mainly from the following five aspects: the narrowing of network information, netizens" group psychology, deindividuation, moodiness and inflexible impression. And then this paper puts forward some corresponding countermeasures, for example, Internet users should make full use of network information, insist on themselves, form a good habit of self-discipline, and avoid being emotional and following the crowd blindly.

  1. Qualitative and quantitative analysis of chemical constituents in traditional Chinese medicinal formula Tong-Xie-Yao-Fang by high-performance liquid chromatography/diode array detection/electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry.

    Yan, Zhixiang; Yang, Xinghao; Wu, Jianbo; Su, Huai; Chen, Chen; Chen, Yin


    Tong-Xie-Yao-Fang (TXYF), a famous traditional Chinese medicine formula, has efficient effects on treatment of the diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (D-IBS), a disease with high incidence worldwide. However, the active principles for this complex formula have not been fully explored so far. In this paper, high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with diode array detection and electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-DAD-ESI-MS/MS) was applied for the qualitative and quantitative analysis of major chemical constituents in TXYF. Two monoterpene glycosides, one chromone and five polymethoxylated flavones were tentatively characterized based on the retention times, UV spectra and MS data. Fifteen compounds were unambiguously identified by comparison with reference standards. Constituents such as lactone and steroidal, which could not be found by single HPLC method due to the low content in the formula, were identified in this paper. Seven compounds (gallic acid, prim-O-β-D-glucosylcimifugin, paeoniflorin, cimifugin, naringin, hesperidin and 4'-O-β-D-glucosyl-5-O-methylvisamminol) were quantified by HPLC-DAD using a C18 column and gradient elution with acetonitrile and water-0.1% formic acid. The method exhibited intra- and inter-day precision of less than 2.35% and 3.14%, respectively. The LODs and the LOQs for the analytes were less than 0.47 and 1.82 μg ml(-1), respectively. The overall recoveries ranged from 96.82% to 102.47%, with the R.S.D. ranging from 1.17% to 3.94%. These results demonstrated that our present method was effective and reliable for comprehensive quality evaluation of TXYF. Meanwhile, the study might provide the chemical evidence for revealing the material basis of its therapeutic effects. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  2. Campus Bullies in Literary Films, with Examples from Fresh Meat Pie by Yao-sheng Chang%文学电影中的"校园霸凌"——以张耀升《鲜肉饼》为例



    In recent years, micro films, particularly those that feature the theme of'Campus Bullies'made by middle-school students, have experienced a resurgence in Taiwan. Fresh Meat Pie, by Yao-sheng Chang, is different from the rest of them in that it was adapted from a piece of literary fiction and, for that reason, it provides a more comprehensive and profound ex ploration of the cause of the campus bullies and inner suffering of the characters. This paper, based on a research into Fresh Meat Pie, is an attempt to look at how the male protagonist is bullied and his psychology in relation to the relationships between parents and their children, schoolteachers and their students, and the male protagonist and the owner of the fresh meat pie restaurant.%近年台湾微电影有崛起之势,尤以中学生拍摄"校园霸凌"为主题的微电影最多.张耀升的《鲜肉饼》与其他微电影不同,原因在于它是由一篇具文学性的小说改编而成,因此在探讨校园霸凌的成因、反映人物内心的痛苦,更加全面而深刻.本文试以《鲜肉饼》为研究,分别就亲子关系、学校师生,以及男主角与鲜肉饼店老板之间的关系着手,探讨造成男主角被霸凌的成因及其心理.

  3. Investigation on several monographs of the Tang dynasty related to Lingnan (Southern Tidges) medicine%唐代几部有关岭南医药专著的考察

    靳士英; 靳朴


    、、共著录8部唐代有关岭南的医药专著,至元、明时全佚.今桂林南溪山有宋人摩崖石刻一通;中有、各一条,是唐人郑景岫迄今仅有的遗存.唐代有关南药、海药的专著,有未著撰人的和李珣,李时珍认为两者为一书.今查发现,有一药引一书者,有一药同时引两书者,内容不同,疑为两书.%In the Tang dynasty,eight monographs related to Lingnan medicine were recorded in Yi wen zhi (Bibliography of Arts and Literature) of Xin tang shu (Annals of New Tang Dynasty),Yi wen liie (Brief Bibliography of Arts had Literature) of Tong zhi liie(Brief Annals of General History),Yi wen zhi (Bibliography of Arts and Literature) of Song shi (Annals of Song Dynasty).However,all of them were lost in the Yuan and Ming dynasty.Now,a piece of stone-carving,Gnang nan she sheng lun yang qi tang fang (Nourishing Qi Prescription of Treatise of Keeping Health of Guangnan) was found at the cliff on Nanxi Mountain in Guilin,the descriptions about keeping health prescription and keeping health treatise in Ling nan wei sheng fang (Hygiene Prescriptions of Southern Ridges) were regarded as the only extant version of Guang nan she sheng lun (Treatise of Keeping Health of Guangnan) written by Zheng Jing-xiu in the Tang Dynasty.Monographs about southern Chinese medicines and oversea medicines in the Tang dynasty can be seen,such as Nan hai yao pu (Prescriptions of Nanhai) written by anonymous author and Li Xun's Hai yao ben cao (Oversea Materia Medica).Both claimed by Li Shi-zhen to be the same book.Now,after checking the Zheng he ben cao (Materia Medica of Zhenghe Reign),it is suspicious that these are two different books instead of one,because sometimes,one medicinal item is quoted from one source,while other item can be quoted from the both sourees at the same time with different contexts.

  4. On the political thoughts of Du Shu of the Wei Dynasty%论曹魏杜恕的政治思想



    In the mid Wei Dynasty, Du Shu advocated Confucianism, insisting the political thought of morality and rites, which reflected the political demands of that time, and showed the unshakable position of the traditional Confucian political thoughts. Du Shu inherited the essence of pre-Qin Confucianism, abandoned the theory of correspondence between man and universe of Han Confucianism, which deserves affirming in the Chinese ideological history. As to the liege relationship and emperor-people relationship, Du Shu didn' t emphasize the absolute control position of the emperor, instead, he put forward a series of principles of behavior for the emperor. Among them, the key concept was the emperor should be kind to his people. Besides, he set forth some important principles for the election and justice. These thoughts played a positive role in inhibiting the overexpansion of monarchical power, which was objectively beneficial for the people.%曹魏中期,杜恕力倡儒学,坚持儒家德礼为本的政治思想,既反映了当时现实政治的需要,也说明传统的儒家政治思想的统治地位已经难以撼动。杜恕继承了先秦儒家思想的精华,摒弃了汉代儒家思想中的天人感应学说,在中国思想史上值得肯定。在君臣关系和君民关系上,杜恕不片面强调君的绝对主导地位,对居于统治地位的君提出了种种行事准则,其核心就是要求君对臣民宽厚;在选举和司法等具体的政治问题上,也提出了一些重要原则。这些思想对于抑制君权的过度膨胀有一定积极作用,在客观上也有利于民众。

  5. Multivariate joint probability distribution of droughts in Wei River basin%渭河流域干旱特征联合概率分布研究

    马明卫; 宋松柏; 于艺; 张雨; 李扬


    This study aims to model the dependence structures of multivariate drought variables using elliptical copulas.Bivariate dependence was estimated with Pearson′s classical correlation coefficient γn,Spearman′s ρnand Kendall′s τn,together with rank scatter plot and Chi-plot and K-plot,while parameters of trivariate copulas were estimated with the maximum likelihood method.For best-fitting of these copulas,Akaike information criterion(AIC),Bayesian information criterion(BIC) and RMS error(RMSE) were used,and a bootstrap version of Rosenblatt′s transformation was used to test goodness-of-fit for Gaussian copula and student t copula.In application to the Wei River basin for determination of its spatial distribution of drought return periods,Gaussian copula was selected for modeling the multivariate joint probability distribution of its drought duration,drought severity and severity peak.The results show that both Gaussian and student t copulas are applicable,but Gaussian copula gives better fitting.In the basin,prolonged droughts had frequently broken out with rather short return periods and thus more emphases should be placed on drought forecast and management in the future.%应用椭圆copulas描述干旱多变量间的相依性结构。采用Pearson'sγn、Spearman'sρn、Kendall'sτn、秩相关图、Chi-plot和K-plot度量2变量相依性;根据极大似然法估计3维copulas的参数,并以AIC、BIC和RMSE进行copulas拟合效果评价;运用基于Rosenblatt变换的Bootstrap法进行Gaussian copula和Student t copula的拟合度检验;选择Gaussiancopula描述干旱历时D、烈度S、和峰值P的联合概率分布,探讨渭河流域干旱重现期的空间分布规律。研究表明:①3维Gaussian copula和Student t copula均适合用来描述干旱多变量联合概率分布,且前者拟合效果优于后者;②渭河流域发生较长时期持续干旱的频率高、重现期短,应加强干旱预报与管理。

  6. 陆志韦新诗节奏试验综论%On Experiment of Chinese Free Verse Rhythm by LU Zhi -wei

    邓丹; 陈芝国


    陆志韦因最早自觉地进行新诗节奏试验而在新诗史上占有重要地位。他在表征现代民族国家想象的白话做诗原则下,自《渡河》中南腔北调的精神奋斗失败后,摹仿无韵诗以北京话的轻重音作为新诗节奏的基石,为新诗格律探索在自由诗派的自然语调、新月诗派的整齐划一和后起的音组说之外提供了一条新的道路。陆志韦虽然意识到轻重的局限而回撤到中国传统的用韵,但其《杂样的五拍诗》不仅是具有诗歌形式的试验品,更因为其中凸现的“经验隔断”使它成为我们考察转折时代诗人政治与审美错位的一个典型文本。%LU Zhi - wei plays an important role in the history of modern poetry for the first one to make the experiment of Chinese free verse rhythm consciously. Based on the principle of vernacular, he imitated iambic pentameter of the blank verse to make the stress and unstressed syllable of Beijing dialect as the basic rhythm of the new poem, adding a new method for the meter of the poem besides the natural intonation style of Free Verse and the neat style of New Moon. He realized the limitation of the stress and unstressed syllable and returned to Chinese traditional rhythm, but his Zayang Wupai Shi is regarded as a typical text to study the politics and esthetic dislocation of the poet, being only a sample of the new poem and distinguished for its Experimental Gap ( between the poems and people).

  7. 谁是Wang Wei?



    2007年美国物理学会主席在美国的权威物理学杂志上发表了一篇文章,题目是《谁是Wang Wei?》。文章的大意是说在美国的杂志上发表文章的中国学者的名字都是使用英语字母来表示的,他举例说,像用英文字母表示的Wang Wei在中国可以找出许多用不同汉字表示的人名,我们很难判断Wang Wei到底是谁。

  8. Trial Excavation on the City-site of the Han-Wei Period at Bao’an Village in Shuangyashan City,Heilongjiang%黑龙江双鸭山市保安村汉魏城址的试掘



    In May-June 1999, the Heilongjiang Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology carried out a trial excavation on the city-site at Bao'an Village. Having an irregular plan, the site measures 733m in circumference and occupies an area of about 50,000sq m, with a gate in the northeast. The cultural deposits in the city fall into two phases. The early phase is roughly conformable to the early remains in the seventh area of the Fenglin city-site and the Guntuling culture in the Anbanghe River valley and goes back to the Western and Eastern Han period. The late phase of remains is similar to the Fenglin culture and corresponds to the Wei-Jin period. The trail excavation sheds light on the construction period, building methods, works order and abandoning factors of the city. Another piece of information from the site is about the use of ploughs in lical people's farming in the Wei-Jin period.

  9. 魏品康从痰论治强直性脊柱炎经验探析%Professor WEI Pin-kang's experience in treating ankylosing spondylitis from phlegm

    矫健鹏; 刘煊


    Ankylosing spondylitis is a chronic difficult and complicated disease which can cause disability. Professor WEI Pin-kang consider phlegm as the key pathogenesis factor and confirm a series of principle of treatment: expelling phlegm and regulating meridian, warming the kidney and strengthening the Du meridian, expelling wind and clearing away cold. This article summarize professor WEI Pin-kang's experience in treating ankylosing spondylitis from phlegm and give an effective example.%强直性脊柱炎是一种具有致畸性的慢性疑难病症.魏品康教授认为痰为本病重要致病因素,围绕从痰论治制定了搜痰剔络、温肾壮督、祛风散寒等治疗法则,文章探析了魏教授从痰论治本病的经验,并例举了临床验案.

  10. Research on Month Rhythm Change of Plasma Metabolic Markers of Rat with Wei Qi Deficiency%卫气虚模型大鼠血浆代谢标志物月节律变化的研究

    李博林; 王亚利; 张明泉; 王鑫国; 贾琳; 闫翠环; 曹文利; 师旭亮


    目的:运用代谢组学方法研究卫气虚证月周期性变化的物质基础,寻找其潜在标志物,为卫气虚证实质研究提供新的途径。方法以秋分日所在的农历月,确定月初(农历八月初一)、月中(八月十五)及月末(八月三十)3次实验的取材时间。取材日前2周将20只大鼠随机分为正常组与模型组,每组10只。模型组采用疲劳联合寒热交替法制备卫气虚模型,正常组常规喂养。3次实验均在其相应取材日正午12:00断头取血,采用高效液相色谱-质谱联用仪检测血浆代谢物,利用偏最小二乘法对数据进行统计分析,组间进行比较,探索卫气虚证差异性代谢标志物,进而推测寻找卫气虚证月周期变化的潜在标志物。结果油酸酰胺、磷脂酰甘油、皮质醇、脯氨酸、富马酸二甲酯、二十碳五烯酸6种差异代谢物可能为月初卫气虚证潜在证候标志物;1-磷酸鞘氨醇、苹果酸、皮质醇、油酸酰胺、肉毒碱、二十碳五烯酸、富马酸二甲酯7种差异代谢物可能为月中卫气虚证潜在证候标志物;胆固醇乙酸酯、苏氨酸、皮质醇、富马酸二甲酯、油酸酰胺、二十碳五烯酸、焦谷氨酸7种差异代谢物可能为月末卫气虚证潜在证候标志物。结论卫气虚证月周期性变化可能受油酸酰胺、皮质醇、二十碳五烯酸、富马酸二甲酯影响,其周期性变化可能与能量代谢密切相关,同时还伴随着细胞、激素及神经调节。%Objective To use metabonomics method to study the change of the basic materials of month rhythm of wei qi deficiency syndrome; To find the potential markers so as to provides a new way for the essence of the wei qi deficiency syndrome research.Methods Based on the autumnal equinox in lunar calendar month, the beginning of a month (the first day of lunar August), the middle of a month (the 15th day of lunar August), and the end of a

  11. Analysis on the finalized date and first carving time of Wei sheng bao jian (The Precious Mirror of ;Hygiene)%《卫生宝鉴》成书及初刊年代辨析

    温雯婷; 虞舜


    The Wei sheng bao jian ( The Precious Mirror of Hygiene) , written by Luo Tianyi should be finished in the spring of 1283. The wrong date of 1281 was a mistake coming from Yanjian’ s Preface, while the complete date of 1343 was a misunderstanding on “Guiwei year of the Zhiyuan reign” in Wan-gyun’ s Preface. The hypothesis that Wei sheng bao jian was first carved in 1294 or before the Tang ye ben cao ( Materia Medica for Decoctions) is also groundless. The book was probably completed, carved and dis-tributed in the same year, or no later than 1307, even if it was not carved in the same year right after its completion.%罗天益所撰《卫生宝鉴》应成书于1283年春。成书于1281年之说,是据《砚坚序》的错误推理;成书于1343年之说,是对《王恽序》“至元癸未”的误解。《卫生宝鉴》初刊于《汤液本草》之前或1294年之说,均不足为据。此书成书当年可能即刊刻行世;即便成书当年没有刊刻,初刊年也不晚于1307年。

  12. Excavation at the Mingtang Site of Northern Wei Pingcheng City in Present-day Datong City,Shanxi,in 1995%山西大同市北魏平城明堂遗址1995年的发掘

    王银田; 曹臣明; 韩生存


    This site is situated at Liuhangli about 1.8 km south of the Ming dynasty prefectural seat site in Datong city. It is known through drilling that the whole rningtang site is surrounded by a large ditch, the four sides of which are each adjacent to a 凸 -shaped rammed-earth platform about 2 m thick under the ground. The excavation was carried out on the western platform and the ditch section near it, covering an area of 372 sq m. Among the revealed ruins are remains of the ditch, its stone embankment, the rammed-earth platform, and buildings on it. The unearthed objects include tile-ends and semi-cylindric and fiat tiles with inscriptions in many cases. Judging from its remains, location, shape and related literary records, the site must belong to the mingtang ritual hall in the Pingcheng city of the Northern Wei period. Its discovery is of great significance to the determination of the location of Pingcheng, the indentification of other buildings near the excavated area, and the study of the whole Pingcheng culture in the Northern Wei period.

  13. 秦汉魏晋南北朝时期制笔业考述%The Manufacturing of Writing Brush during the Qin, Han, Wei, Jin, Northern and Southern Dynasties



    During the Qin and Han Dynasties, stationery manufacturing begins to rise, and the shape of writing brush is established and developed. During the Wei, Jin, Northern and Southern Dynasties, manufacturing of writing brush obtains further development with continuously increasing of raw materials, and gradual improvement of technology, and the extension of use. In the Qin, Han, Wei, Jin, Northern and Southern Dynasties, the center of manufacturing of writing brush is mainly in the Yellow River regions, but after the Eastern Jin Dynasty, the southern manufacturing of writing brush makes rapid development.%秦汉时期,文具制造业开始兴起,毛笔的形制确立并得以发展。魏晋南北朝时期,制笔业持续发展,制作原料不断增加,技术水平逐渐完善,使用范围渐趋广泛。秦汉魏晋南北朝时期,制笔业重心主要在北方黄河流域,但东晋以后,南方地区的制笔业发展明显。

  14. On Cultural Spirit of Heroic Epic of Zhigealu of Yi Nationality%支格阿鲁英雄史诗的文化精神



    支格阿鲁是广泛流传于云贵川桂等广大彝族地区的被神话了的英雄人物,无论在民间的口头传说中,还是在经籍史料中都有广泛提及。支格阿鲁的故事不仅在经籍史料中有着差异,而且在不同地域的文字记载和故事传说也有差异。支格阿鲁在史料中积极进取、不畏强敌的大无畏精神和在传说故事中不惧妖魔、身体力行、不畏权威的自强精神,形成了支格阿鲁自尊自强、仗义执行、乐于奉献、无私无畏的文化精神。%The story of Zhigealu is widespread in majority areas of Yunnan, Guizhou, Sichuan, Guangxi as Yi myth hero.Both in oral folk legend, and there it is still widely referred to by the membership in the histor⁃ical data. Zhigealu story has not only differences in historical classics, but there are differences in different re⁃gions of written records and tales. Zhigealu proactive in supporting historical data, the dauntless spirit of fear of enemies and fear of demons in the legendary story, personally, defying the authority of self-reliance, self-es⁃teem to form a branched Zhigealu, generous attempts execution, dedication, selfless cultural spirit.

  15. Title AnalysisofEast Emperor Tai Yi inNine Songs%《九歌·东皇太一》篇题解



    Donghuangtaiyi, who is worshipped inEast Emperor Tai Yi, the first article inNine Songs, should be regarded as the original god in the god worship system of Chu State and who is superior to all the other gods. According to the records from ancient times and the documents unearthed in recent years,Taiyiis a godlike concept which is beyond the heaven and the earth. It is in the north that can not only produce water but also hide itself in the water, which is the supremacy of heaven. Donghuang is closely related to the orientation of worship, the origin of the clan and the choice of date of Chu State. And in taking the history of Chu State and Qu Fu texts into consideration, Donghuangtaiyi is the ancestor of ZhuanXu Gao Yangshi in Chu State.%作为《九歌》中的第一篇,《东皇太一》所祭祀的对象--东皇太一应为楚国神祀系统中的元始天神,高于其他一切神祗。结合先秦传世文献和近年来出土文献的记载,“太一”其实是一个被神化的概念,他超越于天地,居于北方,能生水并藏于水,是至高无上的天神。而“东皇”之名与楚国祭祀的方位、氏族发展源流及择日有关。再联系楚国历史与屈赋文本,东皇太一实则应指楚之始祖天帝颛顼高阳氏。

  16. Contamination and Human Health Risk Assessment of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) in Oysters After the Wu Yi San Oil Spill in Korea.

    Loh, Andrew; Yim, Un Hyuk; Ha, Sung Yong; An, Joon Geon; Kim, Moonkoo


    After the collision of the Singapore-registered oil tanker M/V Wu Yi San into the oil terminal of Yeosu, Korea on January 31, 2014, approximately 900 m(3) of oil and oil mixture were released from the ruptured pipelines. The oil affected more than 10 km of coastline along Gwangyang Bay. Emergency oil spill responses recovered bulk oil at sea and cleaned up the stranded oil on shore. As part of an emergency environmental impact assessment, region-wide monitoring of oil contamination in oyster had been conducted for 2 months. Highly elevated concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were detected at most of the spill affected sites. Four days after the spill, the levels of PAHs in oysters increased dramatically to 627-81,000 ng/g, the average of which was 20 times higher than those found before the spill (321-4040 ng/g). The level of PAHs in these oysters increased until 10 days after the spill and then decreased. Due to the strong tidal current and easterly winter winds, the eastern part of the Bay-the Namhae region-was heavily contaminated compared with other regions. The accumulation and depuration of spilled oil in oyster corresponded with the duration and intensity of the cleanup activities, which is the first field observation in oil spill cases. Human health risk assessments showed that benzo[a]pyrene equivalent concentrations exceeded levels of concern in the highly contaminated sites, even 60 days after the spill.

  17. Management Characteristics and Modern Significance in the Novel of Tang Dynasty DouYi%唐人小说《窦乂》的经营特征及现代意义



    Of all the novels about merchants, DouYi, created in Tang Dynasty is meant to be the most sig⁃nificant one. The protagonist Dou Yi was a visionary merchant with superb management skills. He started busi⁃ness from scratch, attaching importance to primitive accumulation. He set up business in industry and com⁃merce through producing commodities. He extended operations by promoting real estate. He paid special atten⁃tion to interpersonal relationship, thereby optimizing profits. He contributed to the community by rationally al⁃locating assets. Dou Yi in himself, with his deeds provides inspirations and revelations in terms of consistent faithfulness, self-improvement, and the quest for success.%唐人小说《窦乂》,是商贾类小说中的名篇。小说主人公窦乂,是一位精通经营、目光远大的真正商人。他白手起家,注重原始积累;兴办实业,进行商品制造;拓展领域,推动房地联产;重视“人脉”,实现利润优化;回馈社会,合理分配资产。窦乂其人的所作所为,提供了坚守信念、提高能力、成就事业等多方面的借鉴与启示。

  18. Four-character Loanwords from Japanese in the Chinese Newspaper QingYiBao(1898-1901)%《清议报》中的四字日语借词



    The period around which QingYiBao began to boom coincides with the increase of unidiomatic four-character words in Chinese. For this reason, the importance of QingYiBao as a source for research into historical lexicology cannot be ignored. In addition, former studies of loanwords from Japanese mainly focused on distinguishing and sorting out two-character Japanese loanwords, while three-character and four-character Japanese loanwords were paid little attention, and related disquisitions are also rare. In the view of the above-mentioned facts, this article takes the four-character words in QingYiBaoas the object of study, distinguishes loanwords from the Japanese origin, and summarizes related study methods.%《清议报》(1898-1901)前后正是汉语中非熟语类四字词开始增多的时段,其作为词汇史研究资料的重要性不容忽视。同时,以往在研究日语借词时,总是把重点放在辨别与整理二字日语借词方面,而对三字、四字形式的日语借词则关注不多,很少有人对此进行专题讨论。有鉴于此,本文将以《清议报》中四字词为研究对象,在辨别日语借词的同时,也对相关的研究方法进行归纳。

  19. 抗战时期陈毅统一战线工作的特点%The Characteristics of Chen Yi's United Front Work during the Anti-Japanese War



    During the Anti-Japanese War, comrade Chen Yi took good use of his extraordinary courage and insight and superb struggle art as a politician and military strategist, adhered to the party's anti-Japanese national united front for promote all the power of unity and strive for unity to around our party and army, and stroke out one after another and the song of the sweep. In this period, the basic characteristics of comrade Chen Yi's united front work mainly include: forming a literary circle to make friends, and take full advantage of all kinds of contradiction to make more people be friends, and so on. Comrade Chen Yi's thoughts of united front still have certain reference significance for today's united front work.%抗日战争时期,陈毅同志以政治家、军事家的非凡胆识和高超的斗争艺术,坚持党的抗日民族统一战线。把一切可以争取和团结的力量争取团结到我党我军的周围,奏出了一曲曲军政全胜的凯歌。这一时期陈毅同志统战工作的基本特点主要有:身体力行,谓为表率;以文会友,广交朋友;真心纳谏,虚怀若谷;利用矛盾,化敌为友;关怀朋友,以诚待人。陈毅同志的统战思想对当今的统战工作仍具有一定的借鉴意义。

  20. 《柳毅传》龙女形象新论%Yi Liu 's Biography: a New Comment on the Dragon King's Daughter



    The origin on the subject of the Tang legend " Yi Liu 's biography", is influenced by the story of Dragon king's daughter owing a debt of gratitude in Buddhist Scripture of India.And it is produced in the process of chinization and seholarization?. While 〈 Yi Liu 's biography 〉?is prasing for Yi Liu 's personal loyalty ?, it also described a new image of dragon king's daughter which is dovetailed with the chinese traditional concept full of gratitude.And the marriage between them is actually the embodiment of the Dragon king's daughetr ?owing a debt of gratitude. This can be Traced to the Same Origins with the archetype of dragon king's daughter.%唐传奇《柳毅传》就题材来源说,应该是受到印度佛经中龙女报恩故事的影响并且在其中国化、文人化的过程中产生的。《柳毅传》在歌颂柳毅的“义”的同时,还为我们描写了一位崭新的但又与中国传统思想相契合的“知恩图报”的龙女形象。而龙女和书生柳毅的婚姻其实就是龙女报恩思想的体现,这和龙女故事的报恩原型也是一脉相承的。

  1. 彝族舞蹈“擦大钹”的风格特点及成因探析%The Features and Origin of the Yi Dance-Ca Da Bo

    熊云; 段泗英; 庞迪蓉


    “擦大钹”是流传在保山市隆阳区瓦房彝族乡彝族聚居村落的一种将舞蹈、杂耍、武术、打击吹奏乐融为一体的独具特色的彝族民间传统舞蹈。“擦大钹”舞蹈具有蹈多于舞,“顺边”体态;粗犷豪迈,诙谐风趣;类型丰富,程式多样;动作反复,即兴表演;大钹主导,伴奏多样等的风格特点。其特点的形成与彝族的自然生活环境、生产劳动、民族精神、人生态度、宗教信仰、风俗习惯、舞蹈所属的风格类型和古代军事战争等有着密切的关系。%Ca Da Bo is a unique Yi traditional dance which combines dance, acrobatics, martial art and percussion music, it is popularly played around the Yi villages in Wafang township. Ca Da Bo s featured by more steps than dances,“shunbian”posture, straightforward, humor, abun-dant types, repetition of moves, improvisational performance, and diversity of accompaniment. These features are closely related to the living environment, daily work, spirit, values of life, re-ligious belief, custom, and ancient military events of Yi people.

  2. 动易内容管理系统在图书馆网站建设中的应用%The Application of DongYi Content Management System in Library Website Construction

    耿麒麟; 周雨


    本文首先介绍了建设图书馆网站的重要性及作用,其次结合笔者的建站经历介绍了动易内容管理系统在网站建设中的强大功能及应用。%The paper firstly introduced the importance of construction web site in library, Secondly, based on the experience of construction web site giving the powerful function and application.of DongYi content management system in the construction of website.

  3. 从井冈山“朱毛之争”探讨陈毅的性格特征%Exploration into the Character Traits of Chen Yi From“Zhu Mao Dispute”in Jinggangshan

    吴得民; 王庆跃


    In the late 1920s, Mao Zedong, Zhu De, Chen Yi, co-founded the Red Army and the Jinggangshan revolutionary base.But in early period of revolution, how to create a new people’s army, whether to establish the Central Military Commission or not,“Zhu Mao dispute” took place within the Red Army ,and Chen Yi was also deeply involved in the debate.The authors, from Jinggangshan“Zhu Mao struggle”, through in-depth study of revolutionary friendship created between Mao Zedong and Chen Yi in long revolutionary period,, exhibit the excellent character traits and spirit of Chen Yi,such as kindness, cheerfulness and activity, generous tolerance; magnanimous honest, being brave for self-criticism, being aboveboard, being able to speak up; dealing with people outspokenly, without cronyism, not adding insult to injury..%20世纪20年代末期,毛泽东、朱德、陈毅共同创建了红军和井冈山革命根据地。但在革命初期,在如何创建新型人民军队、是否设立军委的问题上,红军内部发生了“朱毛之争”,陈毅也卷入这场争论风波。从井冈山“朱毛之争”入手,通过深入研究毛泽东与陈毅在长期革命历程中建立的革命友情,展现了陈毅生性厚道、开朗活跃、豪爽宽容;坦荡真诚,勇于自我批判;光明磊落,敢于仗义执言;待人处事心直口快,不结党营私,不落井下石的优秀的性格特征和精神风貌。

  4. Assessment of effects of a formula used in the traditional Chinese medicine (Buzhong Yi Qi Wan on the morphologic and osmotic fragility of red blood cells Determinação dos efeitos de uma fórmula usada na medicina tradicional chinesa (Buzhong Yi Qi Wan na morfologia a fragilidade osmótica de hemácias

    Tania S. Giani


    Full Text Available Buzhong Yi Qi Wan (BYQW is a combination of some medicinal herbs widely used in traditional Chinese medicine to treat blood, spleen and stomach disorders. Morphometric analysis and osmotic fragility assay have been used to evaluate changes on membrane integrity of red blood cells. The aim of this work was to evaluate the effect of an aqueous BYQW extract on the morphology and osmotic fragility of red blood cells. Blood samples were treated with BYQW extract, quantitative/qualitative morphological analysis and osmotic fragility assay were carried out against control groups treated with saline. The data obtained indicated no modification on morphology but osmotic fragility assay suggested a significant (pBuzhong Yi Qi Wan (BYQW é uma combinação de algumas ervas medicinais amplamente usada na medicina tradicional chinesa para tratar o sangue, baço e desordens do estômago. A análise morfométrica e o ensaio de fragilidade osmótica têm sido usados para avaliar alterações na integridade da membrana de hemácias. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar os efeitos de um extrato aquoso de BYQW na morfologia e na fragilidade osmótica de hemácias. Amostras sangüíneas foram tratadas com o extrato de BYQW, análise morfológica quantitativa/qualitativa e o ensaio de fragilidade osmótica foram realizados e comparados com grupo controle tratado com salina. Os dados obtidos indicaram ausência de modificações na morfologia, mas o ensaio de fragilidade osmótica sugeriu um aumento significativo (p<0,05 da hemólise em hemácias isoladas de sangue tratado com extrato aquoso de BYQW. Em conclusão, o extrato aquoso de BYQW poderia afetar a integridade da membrana diminuindo a resistência osmótica sem alterar a forma das hemácias.

  5. 连南排瑶刺绣艺术价值观与产品创新问题探讨%Exploration on Values and Innovation of Embroidery Made by Yao Minority in Liannan



    Guangdong Province, liannan paiyao embroidery is intangible cultural heritage, local brand of cultural tourism. In recent years, “economy of intangible cultural heritage,” Yao embroidery from the field of economic development and tourism industrialization resulted in handicraft production problems: cultural disorientation of value and culture fades the products into a structured marketing dilemma. Analysis of neighboring Japan on industrial design and traditional culture of the “dual track” strategy, explore even characteristics of Paiyao traditional embroidery art, remained from the original technology of eco-typical cultural symbols with the hands-pure modern design concepts derived from two aspects of the traditional Liannan Paiyao embroidery art industry innovations, problem and countermeasures of cultural heritage and development.%连南瑶绣是广东省非物质文化遗产,也是当地特色旅游文化品牌。近年来,“非物质文化遗产经济”以及旅游经济发展场域下的瑶绣产业化引发这一自给型传统手工艺向产品型产业化生产的种种弊病:文化价值观错位、民族文化特色消褪、产品陷入结构性营销困局。依托日本工业设计及传统文化的“双轨制”策略及连南排瑶刺绣的传统艺术特征,从原生工艺的生态典型性保持与脱离手工的文化符号衍生的纯现代设计生产两方面阐述传统连南排瑶刺绣艺术产业的创新,文化的传承与发展。

  6. Ethical Reflection on “Wei Zexi Incident”%基于魏则西事件的伦理反思

    苏洁; 韩跃红


    魏则西事件一发生就引起了社会各界广泛关注,暴露出一系列伦理问题:互联网广告的伦理失范、公立医院违规科室外包、医疗技术的临床试验及其监管问题,违背了广告伦理原则的真实可信及消费者至上原则、生命伦理的尊重与有利原则及临床诊疗原则,诱导患者走向错误的求医道路,危害患者健康安全。建议严格遵循广告伦理原则,健全广告审查和监管机制,创造和维护公平、公正、公开的广告环境;遵守生命伦理“四原则”,完善对医疗机构的管理及监督机制,开放社会监督平台;规范医疗技术的临床试验,将生命伦理融入医院管理和医院文化,遏制利益驱使下有违医德和法律的行为运作。%“Wei Zexi Incident”caused widespread concern among the communities,which disclosed a se-ries of ethical issues:ethical misconduct of the Internet advertising,public hospital department of illegal out-sourcing,clinical trials and regulatory issues in medical technology,going against the principles of advertising ethics,of consumer and of life ethics,taking a wrong road in inducing treatment,and doing harm to the patients' health and safety.It is suggested that we should strictly follow the principles of advertising ethics,im-prove the advertising censorship and supervision mechanism,and create and maintain a fair,just and open ad-vertising environment.Abiding by the “four principles”of life ethics,we should perfect the management and supervision mechanism of medical institutions,and open up the public platform.The clinical trials of medical technology should be standardized,the integration of life ethics should be introduced into the hospital manage-ment and hospital culture,in order to effectively curb the interests driven by illegal medical ethics and the oper-ation of the law.

  7. [The influence of ZHU Gong's Huo ren shu (A Book for Savings Life)in the Southern Song Dynasty and its Influence on the discipline of Cold Pathogenic Disease].

    Lu, Ming-Xin


    ZHU Gong's Huo ren shu (A Book for Saving Life) is a famous work in the history of research on Treatise on Cold Damage Diseases. It has great influence on the study of cold pathogenic disease, especially that of the Song dynasty. Many authors reedited or annotated this book to inherit and developed the idea of the Huo ren shu. Thus, a lot of new books, including annotations, revisions, citations, or discussions, appeared. WANG Su's Zeng shi nan yang huo ren shu (Amplified Annotated Huorenshu), for example, is one of them. Those compiled as rhymes or knacks include XU Shu-wei's Shang han bai zheng ge (The Rhymes of Hundred Kinds of Cold Damage Disease), LI Zhi-xian's Huo ren shu kuo (Introduction to Huorenshu), QIAN Wen-li's Shang han bai wen ge (Hundred Questions on Cold Damage Disease), YANG Shi-ying's Shang han lei shu huo ren zong kuo (A General Introduction to Huorenshu, a Classified Book of Cold Damage Disease), and TANG Yin-cai's Shang han jie huo lun (Essay to Answering Suspicions on Cold Damage Disease). Those cited or inherited the book include LI Cheng's Shang han yao zhi (Gist of Cold Damage Disease), GUO Yong's Shang han bu wang lun (Supplements to Cold Damage Disease), SUN Zhi-ning's Shang han jian yao shi shuo (Ten Simple Discourses on Cold Damage Disease), and CHEN Zi-ming's Guan jian da quan liang fang (A Complete Effective Formulary with my Own Opinions). Those differentiating the essentials of the Huorenshu including CHENG Jiong's Huo ren shu bian (Differentiation for Huorenshu), and LU Zu-chang's Ni jin huo ren can tong yu yi (An Elaboration on Huorenshu to be Presented). All the above books indicate the impact of the Huorenshu, and show its influence on later ages as well.

  8. 医院感染管理的品牌与文化建设%Brand and culture construction of nosocomial infection management 《中文作者六》=ZHANG Yue-wei 《英文作者二》=SHI Yue-xin 《英文作者三》=CAO Hong-yi 《英文作者四》=HU Ai-xiang

    张越巍; 石月欣; 曹红谊; 胡爱香


    OBJECTIVE To evaluate the brand and the cultural construction in the hospital infection control in the role. METHODS Through the proposed a slogan: Hospital-wide collaboration of hospital infection control,holding activities like launching a Tiantan Newsletter of Infection Control, solicitation symbol of infection control collections, create the hospital infection brand. In the hospital infection control, its energetically advocated for participation, communication, service, incentive and propaganda in the culture. RESULTS Through the staff of the active and involved in promoting hand hygiene work development. The communication between each department resulted in CRBSI monitoring work improvement strengthened. Thematic sections of the form of training to provide services. Through the selection of Star of Infection Control and Tiantan Infection Control week, helped the Hospital establish a brand of infection control and cultural connotations. CONCLUSION The brand and culture construction in the management of hospital infection enhance the impact and execution of nosocomial infection control. All the staff realize the importance of nosocomial infection control from the activities of Tiantan infection control week.%摘要:目的 评价医院感染管理的品牌与文化建设在医院感染管理中的作用.方法通过提出一个口号:全院协作,共控院感;创办一本杂志:《天坛医院感染通讯》、征集一个标志:医院感染徽志,创建医院感染的品牌;在医院感染工作中大力提倡参与的文化、沟通的文化、服务的文化、激励的文化和宣传的文化.结果通过员工的主动参与,促进了手卫生工作的开展;加强各科室之间的沟通,使导管相关性血流感染监测工作得到改进;以专题性培训的形式为科室提供服务;通过医院感染之星评选和天坛感染控制宣传周等活动,树立天坛医院感染控制的品牌与文化内涵.结论医院感染管理的品牌与文化建设提高了医院感染控制的影响力和执行力;从充满医院感染文化的活动中让全体员工认识到医院感染控制的重要性.

  9. Beating the Drum for Ethnicity-A Case Study of Shanghai Korean Diaspora's Percussion Music and Its Traditional Musical Life ( qiaoqi ningju zuqun de gudian-yi Shanghai de Hanguo yimin zuqun jiqi "fengwu nongyue"chuantong yinyue shenghuo wei gean)%敲起凝聚族群的鼓点——以上海的韩国移民族群及其"风物农乐"传统音乐生活为个案




  10. The Study of the Valences of the Psychological Verbs in the Fictions of Wei, Jin Southern and Northern Dynasties%魏晋南北朝小说中心理动词配价研究



    魏晋南北朝小说中的心理动词可分为状态心理动词和行为心理动词两类。不同类别的心理动词的配价情况存在差异:表情绪的状态心理动词在不带宾语的情况下为一价,带原因宾语或使动宾语时为二价;表态度的状态心理动词为二价;表思维和感知的行为心理动词也都为二价动词。从历时角度来考察,将魏晋南北朝小说中心理动词的配价情况与先秦比较,可以得出:从先秦到魏晋南北朝,心理动词的配价情况比较稳定,大体上保持一致。%The psychological verbs in the fictions of Wei, Jin Southern and Northern Dynasties can be divided into the psycho-logical state verbs and the psychological activity verbs. The va-lences of the different types of psychological verbs are different:the emotional state of psychological verbs are one valence in the case of non-object and are two valences in the case of reason ob-ject and causative object;the feeling state of psychological verbs are two valences;the thinking and the perception activity of psy-chological verbs are both two valences. Comparing the valences of the psychological verbs in the fictions of Wei, Jin Southern and Northern Dynasties with that in the books of Pre-Qin Period, we can draw a conclusion that the valences of the psychological verbs are stable and consistent from Pre-Qin Period to Wei, Jin Southern and Northern Dynasties.

  11. 论全球化形势下彝族传统宗教的生态%On the Ecology of the Yi Nationlity Rraditional Religion under the Globalizating Situation

    王明贵; 王小丰


    在全球化形势下,彝族传统宗教与现代文明之间存在着一定的不适应,大部分凋敝,少量融合,极少部分复苏,总体上受到外来宗教的浸蚀。中国西南彝族聚居区,都有一种重建本民族传统宗教信仰的渴望和冲动,有的已经付诸实践。这是物质生活提高后的新动向,政府应该给予重视并依法积极引导和管理,满足群众合理合法的文化信仰需求。%Under the globalizating situation, there is an inadaptation between the Yi Nationlity Rraditional religion and modern civilization, Most depressed, a small amount of fused, and few recovered, eroded by foreign religion on the whole. In Yi nationality populated areas of southwest China , there is a desire and impulse to rebuild the traditional religious beliefs of their own nationality, some have already been put into practice. It is a new trend after the improvement of material life, government should pay attention to and actively guide and manage it according to law, to satisfy the reasonable and legal demands of the masses cultural beliefs.

  12. The Adaptation of Ethnic Minority Merchants to Urban Culture and An Innovative Urban Ethnic Work Method---Taking the Formation and Influence of Yi Fruit Dealers in Chengdu as a Case Study

    Ma Linying


    This article takes the Yi fruit sellers in Chengdu as a case study,and analyzes the data obtained from household interviews conducted dur-ing 2014.The author uses the data,to demonstrate the reason for the formation of the Yi fruit dealers and the impacts on their society.The author puts forward some workable recommendations for urban management concerning ethnic minority govern-ance.During the process that an ethnic minority settles into and seeks development in cities, they are eager to learn general information about the rules of urban marketing,as well as the basic rights and interests of city people.However, it was diffi-cult for them to acquire this beneficial information. In current urban management work, an interven-tion-oriented model is prioritized with regard to managing population of ethnic minorities who have come in from outside.Within the framework of ur-ban management, we must choose an approach of“prevention first, and intervention second” con-cerning the governance of this population of ethnic minorities who have come in from the outside.In other words,only by discovering and solving prob-lems in a timely and effective manner will it be possible to build a harmonious society.Therefore, this article proposes the following workable recom-mendations.

  13. [Deciphering the argots of the names of materia medica and its dosage in the Yi lin kou pu liu zhi mi shu (A Secret Medical Book of Six Therapies in Rhymes of Medical Professionals)].

    Zhou, Jian; Lin, Shiyi; Liu, Shijue


    Yi lin kou pu liu zhi mi shu (A Secret Medical Book of Six Therapies in Rhymes of Medical Professionals) was additionally compiled, supplemented and annotated by Zhou Sheng, a famous doctor of the Qing Dynasty, based on Yi lin kou pu (Rhymes of Medical Professionals) which was composed by Lu Qi. The book contains four volumes in total, dealing mainly with the miscellaneous diseases of internal medicine, as well as external medicine, gynecology, and pediatrics etc. The syndrome differentiation and treatment, prescriptions and medications in this book has its own characteristic with rather high academic value and practical significance. There were 20 drug names were deciphered by the argots, for instance, "you che" was the argot of golden thread, and "wu yue (May)" was the argot of medicinal evodia fruit, etc. In addition, the argots were often used to decipher numerals and quantifiers, for example, "su, qi, zi, qi, man" referring to 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 respectively, and "huo, pu, xiang, feng, lai" referring to 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 respectively, and "qing","zhong","xi" referring to qian, liang and fen respectively. Hence, deciphering of these argots could help to understand and apply these prescriptions correctly.

  14. Evaluation of the effects of ethinylestradiol on sexual differentiation in the olvas-GFP/STII-YI medaka (transgenic Oryzias latipes) strain as estimated by proliferative activity of germ cells

    Hano, Takeshi [National Research Institute of Fisheries and Environment of Inland Sea, Fisheries Research Agency, 2-17-5 Maruishi, Hatsukaichi, Hiroshima 739-0452 (Japan); Laboratory of Marine Environmental Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University, Hakozaki 6-10-1, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 812-8581 (Japan); Oshima, Yuji, E-mail: [Laboratory of Marine Environmental Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University, Hakozaki 6-10-1, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 812-8581 (Japan); Kinoshita, Masato [Division of Applied Biosciences, Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University, Kitashirakawa-Oiwake-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan); Tanaka, Minoru [Laboratory of Molecular Genetics for Reproduction, National Institute for Basic Biology, Nishigonaka 38, Myodaiji, Okazaki 444-8585 Aichi (Japan); Mishima, Noriko; Wakamatsu, Yuko; Ozato, Kenjiro [Laboratory of Freshwater Fish Stocks, Bioscience and Biotechnology Center, Nagoya University Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya 464-8601 (Japan); Shimasaki, Yohei; Honjo, Tsuneo [Laboratory of Marine Environmental Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University, Hakozaki 6-10-1, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 812-8581 (Japan)


    We evaluated the effects of 17(-ethinylestradiol (EE{sub 2}) on sexual differentiation in transgenic olvas-GFP/STII-YI medaka (Oryzias latipes) in terms of the proliferative activity of germ cells. This strain contains the green fluorescent protein (GFP) gene fused to the regulatory region of the medaka vasa gene, and germ cell-specific expression of GFP can be visualized in living (transparent) individuals. From 0 days post-hatch (0 dph) onwards, juveniles were exposed to graded concentrations of EE{sub 2} (25.2-1710 ng/L) for 35 days. The gonads of live specimens were monitored by measuring their size and calculating their GFP-fluorescence area. GFP-fluorescent area in control females was about 10 times that in control males at 10 days posthatch (dph) whereas the gonadal size of 10 dph males that had been exposed to 158 ng/L of EE{sub 2} significantly increased up to twice the size of control males, indicating that abnormal sexual differentiation towards female might occur in these individuals. Histological examination and identification of the sex-linked marker SL1 indicated that male to female sex reversal occurred at EE{sub 2} exposure {>=}45.1 ng/L at 35 dph. These results suggest that observation of proliferative activity of germ cells in the olvas-GFP/STII-YI strain could be applied to facilitated screening fish model to detect adverse effects on sexual differentiation as early as 10 dph juveniles.

  15. A Comparative Study on Religions in Tibetan-Yi Corridor in the View of Sociology%藏彝走廊宗教社会学比较研究刍议



    西南地区藏彝走廊是中国三大民族走廊之一。着眼藏彝走廊的大区域,针对其社会文化和生态环境特征以及多民族、多宗教状况,可以运用宗教社会学的相关理论,从宗教的起因、宗教性与意义系统、宗教与社会秩序等方面展开对多元宗教现象的比较研究。%There’re three main corridors of nationality in China,the Tibetan-Yi Corridor is one of them.Many minority groups are living in the Tibetan-Yi Corridor,and each of them has its own religion and culture.Based on the features of society and environment and the situation of diverse ethnics and religions,we can make a comparative study on diverse religions,from the origin of religion,the natures of religion,the meaning of religions and the relations between religions and social order,and other related aspects.

  16. 彝族史诗《支格阿龙》网络游戏策划的思考%Reflections on Making Yi Epic Zhigeahlu into a Cyber Game



    Full of turns and surprises, the story of Zhigeahlu has all elements ideal for a cyber game.Ours is a world of the Internet and it is, therefore, highly feasible and necessary to spread this Yi epic through an online game.This way, its rich knowledge can be used to educate the youth on the one hand and, on the other hand, the culture of the Yi can be made known to a greater population so that the local tourism can be promoted.%《支格阿龙》的故事剧情百转千回,其剧情十分适合制作成游戏。而当今社会又是互联网的社会,将《支格阿龙》改编成游戏并通过网络加以推广是有其可行性与必要性的。一方面可以发掘其中蕴含的宝贵知识,对青少年通过游戏的方式进行教育;另一方面又可以宣传民族文化,使彝族文化被更多人知晓,为彝族地区发展旅游文化提供一种新的宣称形式。

  17. Survey on Bone Mineral Density of 800 Middle and Aged People in Liangshan Yi Region%凉山彝族地区800例中老年人骨密度调查



    [Objective]To explore the bone mineral density(BMD) and the incidence of osteoporosis of middle and aged people in Liangshan Yi region in order to provide the scientific basis for the prevention and cure of osteoporosis. [Methods] The gender, age and race of 800 middle and aged people(400 women and 400 men) who were more than 45 years old and lived in Liangshan Yi region for a long time were recorded accurately. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry apparatus was used to measure the BMD of lumbar (L1 -L5) at an-teroposterior position. All these people were grouped by each 5 years old. The peak BMD reduced by 2. 5SD was taken as the diagnostic criteria of osteoporosis. [Results]The BMD gradually declined with the increasing of the age( P <0. 05). The bone mass in women over 55 years old declined more significant than that in men( P <0. 05). The incidence of osteoporosis increased with the age( P <0. 05). The incidence of osteoporosis in women was higher than that in men( P <0. 05). [Conclusion] The BMD of middle and aged people in Liangshan Yi region gradually declines with the increasing of the age, and the incidence of osteoporosis increases obviously and that of the women increases more apparently. The incidence of osteoporosis in old Yi people is lower than that in old Han people( P <0. 05) , which may be related to Yi people living in mountain area with traffic inconvenience and many walking and physical labor.%[目的]探讨凉山彝族地区中老年人骨密度(Bone mineral density BMD) 的状况及骨质疏松症的发病率,为骨质疏松防治提供科学依据.[方法]对长期居住在凉山彝族地区的45岁以上的中老年人群800名(男女各400名),准确记录性别、年龄及种族,采用双能x线骨密度仪进行腰椎(L1~L5)前后位BMD测量,并按5岁为一个年龄组分组.以峰值BMD减低2.5 标准差(s)为诊断骨质疏松症标准.[结果]随年龄增加骨密度逐渐下降(P<0.05),女性55岁后

  18. Slam Dunk, As Yao Weds Sweetheart


    A low-key but elegant wedding ceremony at Shanghai’s five-starShangri-La Hotel on August 6 looked ordinary enough until the brideand groom walked down the aisle. He is 7-foot-6-inch and she is 6-foot-

  19. 2367-IJBCS-Article-Koffi Mathias Yao


    développés après le tabac et l'hypertension, et le onzième dans ... troubles physiques et mentaux, parmi lesquels ... adultes, à Abidjan, en Côte d'Ivoire. Par ... activité professionnelle ? Si oui, laquelle ? 3- Avez-vous consommé de l'alcool, au.

  20. 70994-179427-Yao et al- +DOI


    mortalité, du troisième facteur de risque de décès ... l'hypertension, et du onzième dans les pays en .... activité delta et figures paroxystiques) ; .... ancienneté de l'alcoolisme supérieure à 5 ans ; EEG : anomalie EEG ; EPG : état physique.

  1. Rapid Determination of Costunolide and Dehydrocostuslactone in Human Plasma Sample and Chinese Patent Medicine Xiang Sha Yang Wei Capsule Using HPLC-DAD Coupled with Second-order Calibration

    刘亚娟; 吴海龙; 朱绍华; 康超; 许慧; 苏志义; 谷惠文; 俞汝勤


    A novel methodology that combines high performance liquid chromatography with photodiode-array detector (HPLC-DAD) coupled with second-order calibration method based on alternating trilinear decomposition (ATLD) algorithm was used in determination of the effective constituents such as costunolide and dehydrocostuslactone, in plasma sample and Chinese patent medicine Xiang Sha Yang Wei (XSYW) capsule. Complicated systems such as plasma and Chinese patent medicine which have intricate components are tedious to isolate and purify. The problem that chromatographic peaks are heavily overlapped among the analytes and interferents from the background matrices can be resolved, and the satisfactory quantification results have been gained with the help of the ATLD algorithm which utilized "mathematical separation" instead of partial "physical or chemical separation". Meanwhile, HPLC-MS/MS method was used to validate the accuracy of the proposed determination method.

  2. “The Competition for Fame” and the Changes of Poetry in the Wei and Jin dynasties%魏晋浮竞世风与诗歌新变



    “浮竞”风尚促使魏晋诗坛形成了以“丽藻”为主要评价标准的审美观念,也促使诗坛“求丽”的倾向持续流行,并最终在西晋时期形成“繁缛”的特征。伴随这一过程,魏晋诗坛展现出三点新变:第一,“赋”成为诗歌创作的主要手法,促使诗歌日渐靡丽;第二,形成“先辞后情”的审美标准,“为文造情”现象突出;第三,文人乐府诗的格调得到提升,并实现了“化俗为雅”的转变。%The prevalent competition for fame in the Wei and Jin dynasties facilitated 'the beautiful rhetoric'as the main aesthetic evaluation standard in poetry circles .As a result , the tendency of 'the pursuit of the beautiful rhetoric'was popular and there eventually formed overelaboration in the Western Jin Dynasty .Along with this , three changes appeared in poetry circles of the Wei and Jin Dynasties:elaboration becoming one of the main technique of poetry writing , making poetry magnificent;formation of the aesthetic standards of emotion after word , with promi-nent “germinal emotion for words”; the literary styles of Yuefu Poetry being promoted , changing vulgar into ele-gance .

  3. 魏晋清谈对口语交际教学目标取向的启示%The Inspirations of Wei - Jin Pure Talk on Oral Communication Teaching Goal-orientation



    Teaching has long been neglected oral communication caused no history of oral communication teaching empirical evidence may refer to the situation. In the context of globalization, countries native language educational experiences influence each other, learn from each other, but just far enough nutrition learn from foreign experience teaching development of oral communication. Chinese oral communication teaching to obtain long-term development will have to go back to the ancient culture to absorb nutrients and get inspira⁃tion, such as Wei - Jin pure talk. Identify the" Wei - Jin pure talk in terms of oral communication objectives orientation" and"new standard oral communication teaching goal orientation" meeting point between these two, may help locate contemporary oral communi⁃cation teaching goal-oriented.%长期以来对口语交际教学的忽视造成了我国口语交际教学无历史实证依据可资参考的局面。在全球化的背景下,各国母语教育经验相互影响、相互借鉴,但仅仅是借鉴国外经验远远不够。中国口语交际教学要获得长足发展还得回到古代文化中去汲取营养,比如魏晋清谈。找准“魏晋清谈在口语交际方面的目标取向”和“新课标口语交际教学的目标取向”这二者之间的契合点,或许有助于当代口语交际教学目标取向的定位。

  4. 我国优秀女子举重运动员邓薇的赛前训练研究%Research Of The Pre-competition Training Of Elite Female Weightlifter Deng Wei



    为研究我国优秀女子举重运动员邓薇赛前备战训练,从训练学角度探讨赛前训练规律,通过文献资料法、个案分析法和数理统计法,探索赛前训练研究热点,结合邓薇赛前阶段划分、训练内容和训练强度,对举重项目赛前训练进行研究。研究认为,邓薇赛前训练特点为:赛前训练阶段持续6周,最高训练量出现在第3、4周,第5周开始减量幅度较为明显,每周内训练内容相对集中,训练强度分布有明显的极化趋势。%To study pre-competition training of the Elite Female weightlifter Deng Wei , exploring the training reg-ularity with the training point of view.Through the literature material law , case studies and mathematical statistics , combined with the phasing , training content and intensity for researching weightlifting pre -competition training.Conclusion:Deng Wei pre-competition training features:the training phase for 6 weeks, the highest volume ap-pear in the third and fourth weeks , the fifth weeks reduced amplitude is relatively obvious , within a week training content is relatively concentrated , training intensity distribution has obvious polarization trend.

  5. VALIDASI MODIFIKASI METODE WEIßHAAR UNTUK ANALISIS 3-MCPD ESTER DALAM MINYAK GORENG SAWIT [Validation of Modified Weißhaar’s Method for 3-MCPD Esters Analysis in Palm Oil

    Tanti Lanovia1,2*


    Full Text Available The 3-monochloropropane-1,2-diol (3-MCPD and 3-MCPD esters were found in any type of refined vegetable oil -mostly produced during the refining process- and recognized as emerging food contaminants. Several analytical methods have been developed and one of which was a Weißhaar's method. The study aims to validate the modified Weißhaar's method for analysis of 3-MCPD and 3-MCPD esters in refined palm oil. Ion fragments were used for identification and quantification of 3-MCPD and 3-MCPD-d5. 3-MCPD was determined by GC-MS after released from its ester by transesterification with sodium methoxide and derivatized with phenylboronic acid. The validation showed that liniarity response (r=0.994 was observed from a linear regression by using external standard and internal standard at a concentration range of 0.008 and 0.377 µg mL-1. The LOD of the validated method was 0.06 µg g-1 while its LOQ was 0.20 µg g-1, precision (relative standard deviation, RSD was 6.16%, and accuracy (as percentage of recovery was in the range of 95.83-113.27%. This results indicated that the modified method was valuable and sensitive for detection of 3-MCPD and 3-MCPD esters. Using the validated method, 3-MCPD esters content of a commercial palm oil sample was determined and calculated as the difference between total 3-MCPD and free 3-MCPD, which was 13.24 µg g-1. Total 3-MCPD content of several palm oils were at a concentration range of 13.94-34.52 µg g-1. These results also showed that there was a correlation between 3-MCPD with diacylglyceride (DAG. Samples with DAG content gave a high test results of 3-MCPD with a coefficient of correlation of r=0.752.

  6. Art Freak---Comparison between Xu Wei and Caravaggio's Painting Art%艺术狂士--徐渭与卡拉瓦乔绘画艺术之比较



    Xu Wei and Caravaggio , one in West , the other east , are called a lunatic on the art .Art is from life, actually more from life.Studying on the art of painting , it is outrageous to them, pioneering task of artistic exploration of life.Xu Wei, creating Chinese Freehand flower and bird painting , in art, would never fall back on others, like original one, with a strong personality, style, bold and pramada; Caravaggio is the pioneer of Western realism art , works with the distinctive democratic spirit , with the then -classical rival , bringing poor people in real life to the icon paintings in the Church .%徐渭与卡拉瓦乔,一中一西,却都被称为艺术上的疯子。艺术源于生活,其实更源于生命。研究二者的绘画艺术,是对二者惊世骇俗、敢为天下先的艺术生命的探索。徐渭开创了中国大写意花鸟画先河,在艺术上绝不依附他人,喜好独创一格,具有强烈的个性,风格豪迈而放逸;卡拉瓦乔则是西方现实主义艺术开拓者,作品具有鲜明民主主义精神,与当时古典主义分庭抗礼,将现实生活中贫苦百姓引入教堂圣像画。

  7. 辨体:许学夷论汉魏六朝诗歌流变%Form-distinguishing:Xu Xueyi' s Discussion on the Evolution of Poetry in Han,Wei and Six Dynasties



    晚明诗论家许学夷以精于辨体著称,其《诗源辩体》通论先秦至晚唐诗之演变。所论汉魏六朝诗部分,力求调和七子派宗汉魏黜六朝与六朝派嗜好“偏奇”、公安竟陵“诡诞相尚”之间的理论对峙,通过对诗歌体制中俳偶、声韵等因素的详尽考察,把握汉魏六朝诗歌的流变轨迹,并对此前“诗溺于陶”的辨体命题予以修正,为该段诗史研究确立了系统的辨体认知方式。%Xu Xueyi,a critic of poetry,is skilled in distinguishing poetic forms in different dynasties. His work Ci Yuan Bian Ti mainly discusses the evolution of poetry from before Qin dynasty to Tang dynasty. In commenting on poems of Han, Wei and Six Dynasties, he tries to balance contrary views from different schools of poetry, and also reevaluates Tao Yuanming' s position in the history of literature. Through investigating into the formal changes of antithetical par- allelism and sound in different dynasties,he precisely describes the evolutionary trend of poetry in Han,Wei and Six Dynasties. This academic achievement in poetry embodies his work' s theoretical values.

  8. Between Life and Art: Wei-Jin Style and Performance Art%在生活和艺术之间游弋:魏晋风度与行为艺术



    古老的“魏晋风度”和现代的行为艺术之间有某种相似,其相似主要表现在三个方面:一、以行为、身体来表达观念;二、行为具有某种震惊效果;三、行为蕴含着具有启示性的观念、意味。但“魏晋风度”本质上是一种具有艺术风度的生活,而行为艺术终究是一种观念艺术,并且,两者是不同时代和文化背景的产物,因而是似又不似的关系。将“魏晋风度”和行为艺术加以深层的比照,对于此两种文化现象,对于生活和艺术之间关系的认识和实践,都不无意义。%There exists some resemblance between ancient Wei-Jin Style and modem performance art, which can be mainly found in the following three aspects: a. expressing concepts with behaviors and body; b. the behavior is possessed with some astonishing effect; c. the behavior contains concepts and meanings of revelation. However, in essence, Wei-Jin Style is a kind of life while the performance art is ultimately a kind of conceptual art. In addition, they are born under different time and different cultural backgrounds, and it is meaningful for the understanding of relationship between life and art to make deep comparisons between them.

  9. The Humanistic Implication of the Ghost Marriage in the Fictions of Wei,Jin and Six Dynasties%魏晋六朝志怪小说中冥婚的人文意蕴



    The people and ghost marriages in ghost stories in the Wei Jin Dynasties have the unique cul‐tural implication .Currently the research scholars ,mostly from a psychological point of view ,to study the cultural implications ,w hich are seeking for w ealth ,for a happy marriage and for life consciousness three aspects .T his paper analyzed the disadvantage research on the social environment and the patriarch system that people lived in ,and presented the tragedy aesthetics of the humanities implication of such fiction ghost marriage .The author therefore come from these areas to study the humanistic implication of the ghost marriage in the ghost novels in the Wei Jin Dynasties .%魏晋六朝志怪小说中的人鬼、鬼鬼之间的冥婚故事,具有其独特的人文意蕴。目前学界对此的研究多为从心理学角度分析,所得出的文化意蕴总概为求富贵、美满婚恋和生命意识的觉醒三个方面,而对当时人们生存的社会环境以及门阀制度的分析不够深入,同时对此类冥婚小说的人文意蕴所表现出来的悲剧美学尚未涉及。故而笔者从这些方面来深入,试图深度挖掘魏晋六朝志怪小说中冥婚的人文意蕴。

  10. 论魏晋小说中侠客形象的“超人”之美%The Study of Aesthetic"Superman" Embodied in the Knight Image in Novels of Wei and Jin Dynasties



    The novelists during the Wei knights different from the historical figu strong sense of justice and ready to help dom. This knights "courage" essential and Jin dynasties in their works shaped the image of res of previous generations. The knights not only had a the weak but also exceeded the rest in bravery and wisly is a kind of "superman" property endowed by the knights fight with enemies as well as their words and deeds. Through the analysis of the knights "superman" property, the aesthetic style of"like Fantasy, full of human feelings'can be detected in the Chinese martial novels during the Wei and Jin dynasties.%魏晋时期小说家在作品中塑造了不同于前代史传人物的侠客形象。这些侠客不但行侠仗义,胆识过人,而且具有非凡的武勇。这种侠客的“武勇”实质上是小说家通过侠客与强大敌人的斗争和侠客自身的言行赋予侠客的“超人”属性。分析侠客的“超人”属性,可以看出魏晋时期中国武侠小说已初步形成“以奇为胜,饱含人情”的美学风格。

  11. 试析魏晋士人重情之历史背景与社会基础%On the Historical Background and Social Basis for Gentry Group's Attaching Importance to Feelings in Wei and Jin Dynasties



    Compared with Han Dynasty when the Gentry Group sang highly of ambition, the Gentry Group in Wei and Jin Dynasties attached great importance to feelings. Why was there so huge a diversion between these two times? It used to be attributed to "sentimental" and "sorrowful" feelings in the time of disorder and confusion. However, this article points out that the Gentry Group's sense of values should be understood mainly in the historical and social contexts. Based on this, it tries to analyze the intellectualism in Wei and Jin Dynasties from the historical background ( YIN, 因 ) and social basis ( YUAN,缘).%相对于汉代士人通经致用、立功名于天下的“尚志”隋怀,魏晋士风的特点可以用谈玄论道、“称情而直住”的“重情”来概括。汉魏之间何以有此巨大变化?过去学人们大多演绎的是“乱世多感伤”的调子。体认一个时代士人的价值观与生存意识等应该更多地从时代性、社会性等方面加以考虑。基于此,对魏晋士风产生的历史背景(即“因”)与社会基础(即“缘”)两个主要方面作了综合考察。

  12. 杜仲腰痛丸联合中药热敷治疗腰椎间盘突出症的临床研究%Clinical Study on DuZhong YaoTong Pill Combined with Herbal Hot Compress in the Treatment for Lumbar Disc Herniation

    牛喜信; 何万庆


    目的:观察杜仲腰痛丸联合中药热敷治疗腰椎间盘突出症的临床疗效。方法:将腰椎间盘突出症患者120例随机分为A组(常规治疗组30例)、B组(杜仲腰痛丸组30例)、C组(中药热敷组30例)和D组(杜仲腰痛丸+中药热敷组30例),观察各组患者治疗1周和1月时视觉模拟量表(visual analogue scale, VAS)评分、JOA评分及JOA评分好转率。结果:D组在VAS、JOA评分及JOA评分好转率方面均优于A、B、C组(P<0.05),同时疗效方面1月优于1周,治疗效果有时间依赖性。结论:杜仲腰痛丸联合中药热敷治疗腰椎间盘突出症能够减轻患者的疼痛,改善患者的功能,提高临床效果,且治疗时间较长时效果更明显。%Objective:To observe and evaluate curative effects of DuZhong YaoTong pill combined with herbal hot compress in the treatment for lumbar disc herniation. Methods:All 120 patients were randomized into A group (30 cases of routine treatment group), B group (30 cases of DuZhong YaoTong pill group), C group (30 cases of herbal hot compress group) and D group (30 cases of combined therapy group), to observe visual analogue scale (VAS), JOA scales and JOA scale improvement rate of the patients after treating for one week and one month. Results:D group was superior to A, B and C groups in VAS, JOA scales and JOA scale improvement rate (P<0.05), at the same time, therapeutic effects in one month were better than one week, therapeutic effects were dependent on time. Conclusion: DuZhong YaoTong pill combined with herbal hot compress in treating lumbar disc herniation could alleviate the patients' pain, improve functions and clinical effects which are time-dependent.

  13. An Analysis of the Fitness Effect of Yi Jin Jing from the Perspective of Anatomy%解剖学角度下的易筋经健身功效

    张阳阳; 胡晓飞; 李辛


    目的:从解剖学的角度分析易筋经的健身功效,掌握其运动规律,让习练者更深刻地认识易筋经,有利于健身气功的推广。方法:在中国知网、万方数字资源、维普中文科技期刊等搜索“易筋经”、“解剖学”、“生理学”、“健身”、“功效”等关键词,研究相关的文献资料;查阅健身气功、健身理论与实践、运动解剖学、运动生理学、运动医学、运动创伤学等相关书籍,从肌肉、骨与关节分析易筋经的健身效果,同时结合常见疾病的病因、病理,研究其防治疾病的机理。结果:练习易筋经可以拉伸人体各部位的软组织,促进血液循环,加快疲劳的消除,缓解身体疼痛,提高肌肉、肌腱以及韧带等软组织的弹性和韧性,增强关节的活动功能,具有防治颈椎病、肩周炎、颈肩综合症、腰椎病等常见疾病的功效。在练习过程中,随着呼吸的配合,对脏腑起到天然的按摩作用,可以调理内脏器官的功能,促进新陈代谢,改善整个机体的生理功能。结论:易筋经是一种内外兼修的健身方法,通过其独特的屈伸、旋转等动作的组合,以及腹式呼吸的配合,通过“抻筋”、“拔骨”、“以形引气”的方式,可以达到外强筋骨、内壮脏腑的目的,对人体有健身、防病、延年、益寿大有裨益。%Purpose: from the perspective of Anatomy, the article analyzes the fitness effect of Yi Jin Jing and its movement rules so that Yi Jin Jing can be understood more profoundly by learners and health Qigong can be promoted. Methodology: Search key words, such as“Yi Jin Jing”,“Anatomy”, ”Physiology”, ”fitness”,“effect” in CNKI, Wanfang data and VIP and then study related literature. Besides, consult related books concerning health Qigong, health theories and practices, sports anatomy, sports physiology, sports medicine and sports

  14. 1998-2009年乐山市彝族地区艾滋病流行特征分析%AIDS Epidemiology in Yi Minority Region in Leshan

    黄涌; 周志容; 陆永强; 宋红专


    目的 了解乐山市彝族地区艾滋病流行现状和趋势,为制定防治对策提供科学依据.方法 分析乐山市彝族地区1998-2009年艾滋病疫情报告和流行病学专题调查资料.结果 截至2009年乐山彝族地区累计报告艾滋病感染者和患者130例,其中2007-2009年报告HIV阳性者和患者80例,占累计报告数的61.54%.感染者以20~39青壮年为主,占89.23%;男性和女性分别占76.92%,23.08%,经性、母婴、静脉吸毒传播均有病例报告,主要以静脉吸毒传播为主,性传播途径所占比例逐年上升.结论 乐山市彝族地区艾滋病的流行呈上升趋势,艾滋病感染途径正处于高危人群向一般人群扩散的关键时期.%Objective To understand the epidemic trend of AIDS in Yi minority region in Leshan, and provide evidence for the prevention and control of AIDS. Methods The analysis was conducted on the AIDS epidemic data in Yi minority region in Leshan from 1998 to 2009. Results By the year of 2009, 130 AIDS cases had been reported in Ebian and Mabian, 80 of which were reported during 2007 - 2009 , accounting for 61. 54%of the total. Up to 89. 23% of HIV infected people were young adults aged 20 - 39 years old. Male cases accounted for 76. 92% and female cases accounted for 23. 08% . The transmission routes included sexual contact, matemal transmission, intravenous drug use, but main transmission route was intravenous drug use.Conclusion AIDS epidemic is senous in Yi minority region in Leshan. HIV infection had begun to spread from high risk population to general population.

  15. 西帕依固龈液治疗妊娠期冠周炎40例临床观察%Clinical Observation of Gestational Pericoronitis Treated with XiPaYi Mouth Rinse:40 Cases

    倪辉; 阳爱民


    目的:观察西帕依固龈液治疗妊娠期冠周炎的临床效果。方法:将80例妊娠期冠周炎病例随机分成对照组和实验组,每组40例。对照组在常规冲洗后,碘甘油上药;实验组用西帕依固龈液代替常规冲洗。治疗后3d 和7d 观察疗效。结果:治疗3d 后,对照组和实验组总有效率分别为70%和87.5%,差异无统计学意义(P >0.05)。治疗7d 后,对照组和实验组总有效率分别为75%和92.5%,差异具有统计学意义(P <0.05)。结论:西帕依固龈液治疗妊娠期冠周炎效果较好,值得推广。%Objective To observe the clinical effects of XiPaYi mouth rinse on the treatment of gestational pericoronitis.Methods 80 cases of pregnancy pericoronitis were randomly divided into the experimental group and the control group with 40 cases in each group.After routine rinse treatment the control group was treated with iodine glycerol.The pericoronal blind were rinsed by XiPaYi mouth rinse only in the experimental group.The curative effect was observed respectively after 3 days and 7 days.Chi -square test was used for statistics.Results 3 days after treatment,The total effective rate of the control group and the experimental group were 70%and 87.5% respectively,the difference was not significant (P >0.05).7 days after treatment,The total effective rate of the control group and the experimental group were 75% and 92.5% respectively,the difference was statistically significant (P <0.05).Conclu-sion The clinical effects of Xi Pa Yi mouth rinse on pregnancy pericoronitis is worth to promote.

  16. 试论黑衣壮传统体育文化的生态性特征%Discussion on the Ecological Characteristics of the Traditional Physical Culture of Hei Yi Zhuang



    Hei Yi Zhuang (dressed in black) is a special branch of the Zhuang nationality that keeps the most complete cultural characteristics of the Zhuang People. Even today, the features of its original ecological culture and elements are easily spotted. Due to natural environmental constraint and effects of social humanity, the tradi- tional sports culture of Hei Yi Zhuang is of vivid cultural characteristics reflecting the close ties between this eth- nic group and its religion, seasons, worship, customs and daily productive work. Hei Yi Zhuang traditional sports culture is mainly manifested as creation by religion, promoted by seasonal festivals and customs throughout genera- tions and productive work, which brought body building and recreation along with daily life. While the sports culture appeals for the public, it also units and strengthens the Zhuang Nationality and adds to the development of national traditional culture by means of the extension of the ethnical sports culture.%黑衣壮是保持壮族文化特色较为完整的壮族支系,至今仍保存着本族群的原生态文化形态和元素。受自然环境的制约和社会人文的影响,黑衣壮传统体育文化具有鲜明的生态文化特征,反映了与壮族的宗教信仰、民间崇拜、时节风俗、生产劳动具有千丝万缕的联系。主要表现为宗教信仰促使黑衣壮传统体育文化产生,时节风俗促进黑衣传统壮体育文化发展,生产劳动与黑衣壮传统体育文化息息相关,既能健身娱乐,融入生活,又能凝聚人心,壮大族群,民族体育文化彰显民族传统文化。

  17. 云南彝族英雄史诗《阿鲁举热》的主要内容及文化内涵%Content and Cultural Connotation of Epic Ahlujure of the Yi People of Yunnan



    流传于云南小凉山的彝族英雄史诗《阿鲁举热》,集史诗、神话、故事于一炉,分18个标题叙述:万物初始、阿鲁降生、阿鲁成长、离父寻母、阿鲁射日月、阿鲁喊日月、打蚊子、蟒蛇和石蚌、除妖救母、试儿、降雷、平地、驯动物、降马、收妖婆、降妖怪、斩邪龙、阿鲁之死、龙鹰大战。它是彝族古代哲学思想、远古民族历史和彝族民俗宗教文化的反映。这部英雄史诗在艺术特色、思想内容上都有自己独特之处,是研究《阿鲁举热》的重要文本。%Combining epic,myth and story,Ahlujure,a Yi epic circulating in the Xiaolianshan Moun-tain,Yunnan Province,is divided into 18 parts:The Origin,The Birth,The Growth,Leaving Father to Look for Mother,Shooting the Moon and the Sun,Calling to the Moon and the Sun,Fighting Mosquitoes, Snakes and Clams,Killing the Devils to Save Mother,Testing the Child,Thunderbolt,Flat Land,Taming Beasts,Taming Horses,Taming Witches,Taming Devils,Killing Evil Dragons,The Death and the Battle between the Dragon and the Eagle. It reflects the ancient philosophy,history,religion and culture of the ancient Yi people and is of unique value in both artistic attainment and ideology. It,therefore,can serve as important literature for the research of the Yi people in general in Yunnan Province.

  18. 试论《回回药方》治疗脑系疾病滴鼻剂的剂型特点%On Characteristics of Drug Forms of Nose Drops for Brain Disease in HuiHui YaoFang

    刘耀龙; 马晓东; 丁小龙; 王佩佩; 贾孟辉


    Medical theory of Hui nationality, prescription names, formation, preparation and instruction of 19 recipes for brain disease from 12th remained volume "ZhongFengMen-ZuoTan YouHuang KouYan WaiXieLei" of HuiHui YaoFang were analyzed and concluded to explore characteristic of drug forms of nose drops and promote clinical application of external nose drops.%对残卷十二"众风门-左瘫右痪口眼歪斜类"治疗脑系疾病的19首滴鼻剂的回族医学理论、方剂名称、药物组成、制备服法进行分析、归纳和总结,探讨回族医学滴鼻剂的剂型特点,并在临床中推广使用.

  19. “热敷药”对硬皮病小鼠模型COL-Ⅰ、COL-Ⅲ蛋白含量的影响%Effects of Refu Yao on Mice Models with Scleroderma of COL-Ⅰ and COL- Ⅲ

    闫小宁; 韩世荣; 李文彬; 李美红; 刘燕婷


    Objective To study the effects of traditional Chinese herbs Refu Yao on mice models with scleroderma of COL-I and COL- M. Methods 60 BALB/C mice models were randomly divided into six groups with ten mice in each group. Mice models with scleroderma were established in mice by repeated local injections of bleomycin for five weeks. Then 10%, 20% and 40% Refu Yao were given to the mice models of high -concentration group, mid -concentration group and low concentration group for one month. Than the pathological change of skin tissue was observed, and the COL-I and COL- DI expression in lesions were detected by immunohistochemical detection. Results Compared with the model group, there was significant improvement in the skin tissue of high-concentration group and mid-concentration group. The content of COL-I and COL- ID was decreased remarkably by Refu Yao, and the difference was significance (PYao can take effects on decreasing of the content of COL-I and COL- DI, and it can also improve fibrosis in the skin.%目的 观察“热敷药”对硬皮病小鼠模型Ⅰ型胶原、Ⅲ型胶原(COL-Ⅰ、COL-Ⅲ)含量的影响.方法 60只BALB/c小鼠按照随机原则分为空白组、模型组、西药组、小浓度组、中浓度组、大浓度组各10只,采用博莱霉素皮下注射形成硬皮病模型,造模完成后,根据分组分别给予10%、20%、40%“热敷药”药糊及肝素钠软膏外用,1次/d,连续1个月,空白组及模型组不用药.完成后观察各组皮肤组织病理变化,免疫组化检测皮损COL-Ⅰ、COL-Ⅲ蛋白含量.结果 与模型组相比较,高、中浓度组硬皮痛小鼠模型COL-Ⅰ、COL-Ⅲ蛋白含量明显降低,差异较显著(P<0.05);结论 “热敷药”具有改善硬皮病小鼠模型皮肤硬化,降低COL-Ⅰ、COL-Ⅲ的作用.

  20. An Inquiry Into the Application of the Element of Red Yao Ethnic Monority in Clothing Design--A Case Study of Dazhai Village in Heping County%红瑶服饰元素在现代服装设计中的应用--以和平乡大寨村为例



    随着时代的发展,科技的大量应用,服装设计全球化发展趋势越来越近。在设计多元化的今天,民族风潮的涌起,对我国传统民族服饰的发展是一个契机,也是中国未来服装发展的趋势。作为中国服装文化的结晶,我国民族传统服饰中最具代表性的少数民族服饰还在发展探索之中,加大对红瑶服饰研究,可以开阔视野,弘扬红瑶的传统服饰文化,把红瑶服饰元素应用于现代服装设计中,推动民族服饰的创新性设计,有利于更好的传承与保护中国的民族服饰。%In modern time, with the application of science and technology, globalization in modern de⁃sign trends is getting nearer. Today diversified designs, national wave surges are in fashion, it is a turning point for the development of China’s traditional national costumes as well as the development trend of future Chi⁃nese clothing. As the mainstream of Chinese clothing in the future development trend of China’s traditional ethnic costumes, the most representative costume designs are to be explored. The clothing of the Red Yao Mi⁃nority can broaden our horizons. With Red Yao element applied to the modern art design in the national cloth⁃ing, it is beneficial to promote innovative design, to protect and inherit China’s national costume.

  1. Analysis of Contemporary College Students' Absence of Civic Responsibility and Reconstruction from Yao Jia-xin Event%从药家鑫事件看当代大学生公民责任感的缺位与重建



    With the accelerated development of China's economic society and the significant improvement of living standards in recent years, contemporary college students, being senior intellectual group, whose absence of civic responsibility appeared, in which Yao Jia-xin Event happened in Xi'an was a typical example. Yao Jia-xin Event fully reflected the current generation of college student's in-different sense of moral responsibility, distorted sense of legal responsibility and aridity of social responsibility. The reconstruction of contemporary college students' civic responsibility requires to strengthen civic responsibility education, rebuild responsibility subject, perfect regulatory system, enhance the government's public service capacity and give full play to the guiding role of social media in posi-tive propaganda.%近年来我国经济社会加速发展,物质生活水平明显提高,作为社会高知人群的当代大学生的公民责任感却出现了缺位,轰动一时的西安药家鑫事件就是一个典型的事例。药家鑫事件充分反映了当前代大学生的道德责任感淡漠、法律责任感扭曲、社会责任感荒芜。重建当代大学生的公民责任感,需要对大学生加强公民责任感教育、重建责任主体、健全监管体系,增强政府公共服务能力,充分发挥社会媒介的正面舆论导向作用。

  2. A Study of the Exploitation of Mountainous region of the Yao nationality and its influence on ecological environment in Guangxi since the Song Dynasty%论宋代以来广西瑶族的山地开发及其对生态环境的影响



    The Yao nationality distributed extensively among the mountainous region through migrating frequently since the Song Dynasty,and they transformed mobile cultivation into fixed cultivation gradually.They made a living through planting coarse food crops such as Chinese yam,taro,millet,beans,and economic crops such as cotton and ramie,which remade the primordial ecological environment of mountainous region preliminarily.Along with the introduce of maize and artificial planting of China fir,tung oil tree,tea-oil tree,new ecological system substituted primordial ecological system gradually,the ecological landscape of mountainous region was rebuilt in Guangxi.Because of the effect of spontaneous ecological idea,the Yao nationality combined their own existence with ecological protection in course of exploiting mountainous region in Guangxi.%广西是中国瑶族人口的集中分布地,占全国瑶族人口的60%。但广西并不是瑶族的起源地,今天的分布格局是唐宋以来不断迁徙形成的。广西瑶族的祖先可以追溯到秦汉时期的长沙武陵蛮,又称黔中蛮或五溪蛮。随后不断南迁,南朝时到达今湘南粤北地区。隋唐时期,广西东北部已分布着较多莫瑶(1)。宋代瑶族在广西的分布更为广泛,宋人范成大记载了桂北瑶族的分布情况,他说:"瑶本五溪瓠之后,其壤接广右者,静

  3. Study on the strategic cooperation development of the Lai Lai Yi tourism on region%涞涞易旅游区域战略合作发展研究

    王然; 徐宁; 张丽云


    Lai,Yi,Lai three counties are faced with opportunities for development of tourism integration hitherto unknown ,tourism strategic cooperation be imperative,must consider the situation,seize the opportunity,create a market oriented tourism product brand system,pro-mote the Lai prone to aggregation,Lai regional tourism and related industry.%涞、易、涞3县正面临前所未有的旅游一体化发展机遇,旅游战略合作势在必行。必须审时度势、紧抓机遇,打造面向市场的旅游产品品牌体系,推进涞易涞区域旅游及相关产业的优势聚集。

  4. Primary Study on “Hulusheng” Dance of Yi Nationality from the Point of Educational Anthropology%彝族葫芦笙舞文化的教育人类学初探



    “Hulusheng” dance is a kind of Yi nationality culture inherited generation by generation. The paper discusses how the "Hulusheng" dance culture affects man's forming and advances suggestions for effectively protecting and inheriting this culture.%彝族葫芦笙舞是彝家人世世代代传承的一种文化。文章主要从教育人类学的视角探讨葫芦笙舞文化对人的形成是如何产生影响的,并对有效保护和传承葫芦笙舞提出了自己的建议。

  5. 启功、曾毅公旧藏《敦煌变文集》稿本述略%Introduction to the Manuscript of Dunhuang Bianwen Collection Kept by Qigong and ZENG Yi-gong

    刘波; 萨仁高娃


    本文介绍了启功、曾毅公先生旧藏的手稿.手稿体现了王重民、启功等编者校录编辑的过程.通过稿本与出版本异同的对比分析,揭示出稿本的学术史价值.%The present article introduces the manuscript of Dunhuang Bianwen Collection kept by Qigong and ZENG Yi-gong.The manuscript shows the process of the compiling Dunhuang Bianwen Collection by WANG Zhong-min,Qigong,etc.By comparing the manuscript and the published version,it indicates the academic importance of the manuscript.

  6. 一清胶囊联合盐酸多西环素胶囊治疗痤疮疗效观察%Effect Observation of YiQing Capsules Combined with Doxycycline Hydrochl-oride Capsule on Acne Vulgaris



    Objective To investigate the effects of doxycycline hydrochloride capsules combined with YiQing capsules on acne vulgaris.Methods One handred cases of acne vulgaris were randomly divided into three groups:combination treatment group (34 cases)were treated with doxycycline hydrochloride capsules 100mg, 2 times/d and YiQing capsules 3 times after the food, for 21 days; doxycycline hydrochloride group (34 cases)were treated with doxycycline hydrochloride capsules 100mg, 2times/d after the food for 21 days,Yiqing capsules group (32 cases) YiQing capsules 3 times/d, after the food for 21 days.Results The clinical cure rate of combination treatment group,doxycycline hydrochloride group, Yiqing capsules group were 52.90%,35.30% ,31.25% ,and the total effective rate were 94.10% ,61.80% ,59.38%.Total effectiveness of Doxycycline Hydrochloride group and Yiqing Capsules group were significant difference between combination treatment group ( P < 0.05 ).The Doxycycline Hydrochloride group and Yiqing Capsules group were no significant difference( P > 0.05 ).The combination treatment group without obvious adverse reactions.Conclusion YiQing Capsules combined with Doxycycline Hydrochloride capsules for the treatment of acne vulgaris effective, few side-effect.%目的 评价一清胶囊联合盐酸多西环素胶囊治疗寻常性痤疮的疗效.方法 将100例寻常性痤疮患者随机分为3组.联合治疗组34例,予盐酸多西环素胶囊100mg饭后服,2次/d,一清胶囊饭后口服2粒,3次d,共21天;多西环素组34例,单纯口服多西环素;一清胶囊组32例,单纯口服一清胶囊,用法和用量均同联合治疗组.结果 治疗结束后,联合治疗组、多西环素组及一清胶囊组的痊愈率分别为52.90%,35.30%和31.25%,有效率分别为94.10%,61.80%和59.38%.多西环素组及一清胶囊组的有效率均低于联合治疗组,差异有统计学意义(P均0.05).联合治疗组无明显不良反应.结论 一清胶囊联合盐酸

  7. The Wild Goose in the Yi People's Culture of the Liangshan Mountains:Symbols and Transformation%凉山彝族文化中大雁的象征意义及其变迁



    阐述大雁在凉山彝族传统文化中的象征意义。大雁在彝族民间传说、创世史诗、宗教经典中扮演重要角色,是彝族传统文化的重要象征符号。同时,还阐述了大雁的象征意义随时代而发生的变迁。%This paper illustrates the symbolic meanings of wild goose in the traditional culture of Yi people of the Liangshan Mountains.It is found that wild goose has played an important role in folk tales,founding epics and religious classics.Accordingly,the symbolism and transformation of the bird are revealed.

  8. On Yi Concert "China' s memory, A Torch in the cloud"%浅谈《中国记忆·云中火把》彝族音乐会



    《中国记忆·云中火把》在上海音乐厅的成功演出,标志着楚雄彝族音乐走向世界的开始,音乐会的演出成功是楚雄、上海两地艺术家们交流、合作、共同努力的结果。以此为契机,努力打造更加优秀的音乐作品,来赢得人们对彝族音乐的认可。%The successful performance of "China' s memory, a torch in the cloud" in Shanghai concert hall marks the beginning of Yi music going global, to which the artists contribute through their communication, cooperation and joint effort. Taking this opportunity, we should create more good music works to win the world' s recognition.

  9. 上博简、郭店简《缁衣》中三则语法现象研究%The Three Grammatical Phenomena Research on Shanghai Museum Volumes , Guo Dian Volumes and Zi Yi Handed down



    By comparing the differences among Shanghai museum volumes,Guo Dian volumes and Zi Yi handed down ,this paper dis?cusses the front object of"no"and"Fu",the grammar problem use of"people"and thinks that in the early stages of development,the transitive verbs after"Fu"take an object and the same phenomenon in the negative sentence is not accidental.%通过比较上博简、郭店简与传世本《缁衣》之间的差异,讨论其中"不"与"弗"、宾语前置、"长民者"的使用等语法问题,认为在汉语发展的早期阶段,"弗"后及物动词带宾语以及否定句中宾语后置并不是偶然的语法现象.

  10. On the Pension Issues of the Left -behind Elders in Rual Areas of Yi People in Liangshan Prefecture%凉山州农村彝族留守老人养老问题研究

    赵华英; 李丽娇


    With the development of Chinaˊs industrialization , urbanization and modernization , a large number of rural young workers flow outward each year , especially in the backward minority areas , many elderly people are left behind .And increasingly , pension issues of these left -behind elder people be-come the focus of society .Based on the interviews of 100 Yi Nationality left-behind elders in the rural areas of Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture of Sichuan province , this study finds out their current living situation and pension issues , and then analyzes the causes of these problems , finally proposes some sug-gestions which can be a reference for the left -behind elderly in Liangshan rural areas .%随着中国工业化、城市化、现代化步伐的加快,每年我国农村有大量的青壮年劳动力向外流动,特别是经济发展落后的少数民族地区每年有大量的年轻人进城务工,由此出现了很多的留守老人。这些留守老人的养老问题,日益成为社会的焦点。本文通过对凉山彝族自治州的100名农村彝族留守老人进行访谈式调查,了解他们的生活现状和当前养老存在的问题,对存在这些问题的原因进行分析,提出了建立适合凉山州农村留守老人养老的对策建议。

  11. Association study on CCDC122 gene variants and leprosy in Yi minority%CCDC122基因单核苷酸多态性与彝族麻风相关性研究

    毛翀; 熊俊浩; 宁湧; 沙晓伟; 靳征; 王皓; 刘杨英


    目的:确定CCDC122基因单核苷酸多态性(SNP)位点与中国彝族人群麻风的关联.方法:采用单碱基延伸法(SNaP shot)检测300例彝族麻风患者和300名彝族正常健康者CCDC 122基因的两个SNP位点:rs3088362和rs9533634的基因型.结果:rs3088362和rs9533634这两个位点的基因型分布均符合Hardy-Weinberg平衡(P>0.05),并且其等位基因频率在麻风组和对照组间的差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论:CCDC122基因单核苷酸多态性位点rs3088362和rs9533634与中国彝族人群麻风相关.%Objective: To determine the relationship between the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of CCDC 122 gene and leprosy in Yi minority, China. Methods: The SNPs of CCDC122 gene (rs3088362,rs9533634) in 300 patients with leprosy and 300 ethnic matched healthy controls were genotyped by SNaP shot method. Results: The genotype frequencies of the 2 SNPs were in Hardy - Weinberg equilibrium (HWE) ( P > 0.05) . The allele frequencies of rs3088362 and rs9533634 in the leprosy patients were significantly different from those of the healthy control group ( P < 0.05) . Conclusion: rs3088362 and rs9533634 of CCDC122 gene arc associated with leprosy in Yi Chinese population.

  12. The Impact of Massage Gong" Yi Jin Jing" on College Students with Insomnia%推拿功法"易筋经"对大学生失眠症的影响

    王薇; 李旗; 马树祥; 郑剑; 孙树文; 梅荣军


    Objective: The purpose of our study is to observe the curative effect of massage gong " Yi Jin Jing" on university students with insomnia. Method: There were 180 participants in this study, including 60 insomnia students in the treatment group, 60 insomnia students in the acupuncture control group and 60 healthy students in the control group. Two groups were treated after two months, and we tested the PSQI , SDS and SAS in groups. Result: It showed that after treatment the PSQI , SDS and SAS of the treatment group declined remarkably (P 0. 05). Conclusion-.It can be concluded that massage gong " Yi Jin Jing" is effective for insomnia students.%目的:观察"易筋经"治疗大学生失眠症的疗效并探讨其可能的作用机制.方法:选取120例患失眠症的学生,随机分为治疗组和对照组,另选取60例健康人作为实验组.进行2个月治疗,观察实验前与实验后4个月匹兹堡睡眠质量指数量表、焦虑自评量表(sAs)和抑郁自评量表(sDs)的变化.结果:治疗组在治疗后的PSQI各项目及总分、抑郁、焦虑评分较治疗前均有明显下降(P<0.01),且与空白组相比无统计学意义(P>0.05).结论:运用"易筋经"练习的方法对青年失眠患者进行治疗是切实可行的,能够改善患者焦虑情绪及睡眠症状.

  13. The First Chinese Translator of Pushkin's Works--JI YI-hui and Pushkin%普希金"初临中土"的向导--戢翼翚与普希金



    JI Yi-hui was the first Chinese who translated Pushkin's works. Pushkin's "Daughter of lieutenant"was translated from Japanese by him and he gave this Chinese version a new name "Romance of Russia". This version was an assimilative one. There were quite big discrepancies over the book's name, characters' name, person, type and number of words between the Chinese version and the Russian original. However, It was not JI yi-hui but the Japanese translator who should bear full responsibility for these. Because the Japanese version was an abridged one itself and all the divergences above-mentioned could be fould there. Ji's version was not a perfect one, but it was the very beginning for the Chinese to translate pushkin's works and other Russian literary master pieces and therefore had a profound significance in the history of literature.%普希金的第一部汉译作品是《上尉的女儿》,译本题作《俄国情史》,系据日文转译,译者为戢翼翚。这是一部归化式译作,书名、人名、人称、体裁、字数均与原作有较大的出入。不过,责任主要不在中译者,而在日译者。日译本本身就是一个缩写本,上述问题都是目译本所存在的。戢译《俄国情史》虽是一部很不完善的译作,但它开了翻译普希金作品和俄国文学名著的先河,因而具有重要意义。

  14. 吴贻芳教育思想对当代女大学生培养的启示%The Study on Wu Yi-fang's Education Idea Enlightenment to the Cultivation of College Girls

    樊晶; 李纯蛟


    吴贻芳在担任金陵女子大学校长20余年的办学实践中,形成了独特的女子高等教育思想:鲜明的教育目标———造就女界领袖;明确的人才培养规格———德智体群美全面发展的全人;科学的培养途径———深化课程改革。吴贻芳的教育思想启迪我们,对女大学生的培养应体现时代特点,加强理想信念教育;注重女大学生的全面发展,促使其独立完整人格的形成;持续推进学校课程改革,提高女大学生的社会适应能力。%During the school practice of WuYi-fang as Ginling college' President in more than 20 years, formed the unique women's higher education thought: The education target make bright leader among women;The clear personnel training specifications -- develop all-round morality and strong bodies;The scientific training methods deep the curriculum reform. Wu Yi fang's educational idea enlightenment to us: the cultivation of college girls should reflect the characteristics; strengthen the ideal and faith education; pay attention to the overall development of the college girls, and urge the formation of a whole independent personality; promote continuously curriculum reform in schools; improve college girls' social adaptation.

  15. 彝族燕麦酒营销文化战略--以拉玛酒业为例%On Yi Peopleˊs Oats Wine Marketing Culturual Strategies:Taking Lama Winery as the Example



    Based on the study on Yi peopleˊs oats wine marketing cultural strategies,especially on its market status quo,this paper briefly introduces Lama Winery sample and its marketing cultural bottleneck,providing suggestions for Lama oats wineˊs developing bottleneck and Lama Wineryˊs brand management. Lama oats wine market positioning has two advantages:health elements and ethnic features. The establishing direction of the Yi Peopleˊs oats wine marketing cultural strategies:making analysis from green marketing,internet marketing,relationship marketing,service marketing,culture marketing and channel marketing and trying to find joint points.%从研究彝族燕麦酒营销文化战略出发,尤其针对彝族燕麦酒所处的市场现状,简要介绍拉玛酒业样本及其所处营销文化困局;对拉唛燕麦酒发展瓶颈、拉玛酒业品牌经营提出改善建议。对拉唛燕麦酒进行市场定位,分析其定位优势有二:健康元素与民俗风情;彝族燕麦酒营销文化战略构建方向:分别从绿色营销、网络营销、关系营销、服务营销、文化营销和渠道营销等进行分析,寻找结合点。

  16. A Study on Wild Ornamental Plant Resources in Yi-county of Anhui Province%安徽黟县野生观赏植物资源的研究

    王玉勤; 王希华


    黟县位于皖南山区,是旅游景点之一,植物种类非常丰富。该文在广泛深入地调查、采集、整理、鉴定的基础上,研究了黟县野生植物资源的多样性、分布区类型和性质。本区有野生观赏植物(种子植物)117科、370属、821种(变种、变型),其中乔木178种、灌木187种、藤本111种、草本365种。根据本区野生观赏植物资源的种类、区系成分和特征、开发与保护现状,对本区野生观赏植物资源的开发利用进行了探讨。%Yi county is located in the south part of Anhui province, between, 117°38′~118°6′E and 29°47′~30°11′N, plant species are very rich. This paper presents the characteristics of species diversity, complex floristic elements' rare and endemic distribution types and the conservation and utilization of wild ornamental plant resources in Yi county. On the basis of wide and deep investigation, collection and sifting. There are 821 species (including varieties and forms) of wild ornamental plants belonging to 370 genera and 117 families. Among them, 178 species are trees, 187 are shrubs, 111 are vines and 365 herbs. The conservation and utilization of wild ornamental plant resources are discussed.

  17. Clinical observation of Jian Wei Xiao Shi oral liquid on functional dyspepsia in children%健胃消食口服液治疗小儿功能性消化不良的临床观察

    万俊; 包志丹; 王向烨; 李虎


    目的 观察健胃消食口服液对小儿功能性消化不良的临床疗效.方法 将106例功能性消化不良患儿随机分为Ⅰ组50例,Ⅱ组56例.2组患儿均于餐前服用多潘立酮混悬剂;Ⅰ组患儿在此基础上加用健胃消食口服液.2周为1个疗程.观察2组患儿临床疗效,比较食欲减退、食量减少、嗳气腹胀、恶心呕吐、大便稀薄等症状改善的时间以及总疗程的差异.结果 Ⅰ组临床总有效率明显高于Ⅱ组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01);Ⅰ组患儿食欲减退、食量减少、嗳气腹胀、恶心呕吐、大便稀薄等症状改善的时间以及总疗程均明显短于Ⅱ组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01).结论 健胃消食口服液联合多潘立酮混悬剂治疗小儿功能性消化不良可明显缩短症状改善时间,提高了临床疗效.%Objective To observe the clinical effect of Jian Wei Xiao Shi oral liquid on functional dyspepsia in children. Methods 106 cases with functional dyspepsia were randomly divided into group Ⅰ(n - 50) and group Ⅱ (n = 56). The two groups received domperidone suspension before meals, and the patients in group I were given extra Jian Wei Xiao Shi oral liquid. One treatment session lasted for two weeks. The clinical effect was observed. The differences of improvement time of anorexia, reduction of appetite and food intake, belching and abdominal distension, nausea and vomiting, watery stool and total course between the two groups were compared. Results The clinical efficacy rate of group Ⅰ was higher than that of group Ⅱ (P<0.01). The improvement time of anorexia, reduction of appetite, belching and abdominal distension, nausea and vomiting, watery stool and total course of group I were obviously shorter than those of group Ⅱ (P < 0.01). Conclusion Jian Wei Xiao Shi oral liquid combined with domperidone suspension can obviously shorten time for symptom improvement and enhance the clinical effect.

  18. Inquiring Wei Yuan’s Modern Diplomatic Ideas From His Book the Maps and Records of the World%从《海国图志》看魏源的近代外交思想

    胡慧娥; 黄盾


    魏源是我国近代“睁眼看世界”的先进士人之一,面对近代中国出现的“数千年来未有之变局”,魏源立足现实,审时度势,着手收集中外古今史料,编写出了中国近代史上第一部比较全面的史地著作——《海国图志》,并在该书中提出了富有近代色彩的外交理念,主要包括三个方面的内涵:即“以夷款夷”的经济外交,“博取众长,宽容开放”的文化外交以及“以夷攻夷”、“师夷长技以制夷”的军事外交。%Wei Yuan is one of the advanced intellectuals in modern China to “open your eyes and see the world". In modern China, people faced changeable situation which was different from thousands years of ancient Chinese history. Based on reality, Wei Yuan judged the time suitably and sized up the situation, setting to collect ancient and modern historical materials about China and other foreign countries, and he wrote out a more comprehensive book of world history and geography in modern Chinese history——the Maps and Records of the World. In this book, he put forward rich modern diplomatic ideas which mainly includes three aspects: the economic diplomacy, which means mobilizing western countries to control western countries; the cultural diplomacy, means having open minds and learning from others strong points; the military diplomacy, means "mobilize enemies of Western countries to attack Western countries" and "learn the strengths of Western countries to restrict Western countries".

  19. 汪机的"营卫虚实论"与"参芪双补说"%Wang ji's theory of 'Ying-Wei deficiency and excess' and 'Renshen-Huangqi nourishment'



    WANG Ji, the famous doctor in the Ming dynasty, devoted all his life to writing books and had completed 14 books in his lifetime. He established the academic thought of Ying-Wei ( Yingqi and Weiqi) deficiency and excess and Renshen-Huangqi, which was that both have the function of nourishment. This had a positive influence on correcting some scholars' opinion in the Ming dynasty, which was if using bitter and cold herbs to nourish Yin, it usually damaged the Qi of spleen and stomach;and influence on formation of the Gubenpeiyuan School ( consolidating Yuanqi to enhance body resistance). The formation of the thought was related to the background of some iatrogenic illness whereby Yang deficiency of spleen and stomach was caused by excess use of bitter and cold medicine. WANG Ji' s academic thought was mainly refined from Ying-Wei theory in the Neijing, spleen-stomach theory of LI Dongyuan and excess of Yang and deficiency of Yin theory of ZHU Danxi, and was also influenced by the thought of other doctors at the same time.%明朝著名医家汪机,一生勤于著述,所著著作达14部之多.其创立的"营卫虚实论"和"参芪双补说"的学术思想,对纠正明季一派苦寒滋阴而导致损伤脾胃之气的时弊,以及"固本培元"流派的形成,均起到了积极的作用.其思想形成的背景与当时社会崇尚滋阴,过分使用苦寒之剂,从而损伤脾胃阳气,带来较多医源性疾患有着直接的关系.其学术思想主要来源于"营卫理论"以及李东垣的"脾胃论"和朱丹溪的"阳有余阴不足论",同时代的医家思想也对其产生了间接的影响.

  20. On the First Monograph On the Strange Tales of Liao Zhai---Liao Zhai Fa Wei%论《聊斋志异》研究史上的索隐派--《聊斋发微》



    As the first monograph on the strange tales of liao zhai,Wen Hensh-eng's liao zhai fa wei divide the motif of strange tales of liao zhai into five parts:grieving on failing races,angry about power,jealous of wealth,despising on scholars,worshiping on swordsman.Above all,grieving on failing races is the ma-in spirits of strange tales of liao zhai. Interested in detecting the secret history, Liao zhai fa wei takes all foxes written by Pu Songling as Manchu. In his opin-ion,Pu Songling intended to revolt against qing dynasty by literature. The reaso-n that the absurd opinion arise is that bias on minority and shortage of related knowledge. However,some ideas in that book are also inspiring.%问恨生的《聊斋发微》是聊斋研究史上的第一部专著,将《聊斋志异》全书的内容分为“悲种”、“愤势”、“嫉富”、“贱士”、“尚侠”五例。其中“悲种”为全书之主脑,其他四例皆由此生发。《聊斋发微》有着明显的“索隐派”作风,将《聊斋志异》中的狐视为胡,认为书中的鬼狐与人的恋爱传奇隐喻着蒲松龄的反清思想。《聊斋发微》的主要观点是不值一驳的,其错误产生的根源在于作者的民族偏见与相关知识的欠缺,但书中的某些观点对于今天的《聊斋志异》研究也有所启发。

  1. Analysis on impacts of climate changes and Baojixia water diversion on Wei river runoff%气候变化及宝鸡峡引水对渭河径流量的影响分析

    林启才; 李怀恩


    渭河宝鸡段河道年径流减少,生态基流得不到保障引起社会各界的重视.根据1954-2009年以来的降水、气温以及径流观测数据,分析降水及气温变化变化对渭河径流量的影响.采用相关系数法得到降水与径流的相关系数为0.69,正相关性好,气温与径流的相关系数为-0.73,呈明显负相关.采用降水、气温以及径流累积曲线分析得到,降水减少趋势不明显、年径流量减少趋势明显,以及气温升高趋势明显.分析认为径流减少趋势主要由降水量减少和气温升高所致.此外,1971年和2003年是两个重要突变点,主要原因是宝鸡峡渠首引水和宝鸡峡加坝加闸工程所致.%Reduction in the runoff and ecological basic flow in the Baoji reach of Wei River has attracted a great public attention over recent years.This paper analyzes the effect of changes in precipitation and air temperature on the Wei River runoff,based on the records of these two quantities and the hydrological data of the period 1954-2009.Using a correlation coefficient method,we obtained a close correlation 0.69 of runoff with precipitation,and a close but negative correlation-0.73 of runoff with air temperature.Trend analysis shows that the precipitation had decreased sligatly,while the runoff had decreased dramatically and the air temperature risen significantly.For the runoff reduction,the main reasons would be precipitation reduction and air temperature rise.The mass curve has two breaking points,one caused by the Baojixia water diversion in 1971,and the other caused by the renovation of dam and gate in this diversion project in 2003.

  2. 高效液相色谱法测定消食健胃片中绿原酸的含量%Quantitative Determination of Chlorogenic acid In Xiao Shi Jian Wei Pian by HPLC

    成霄; 朱佳茜


    Objective To study and establish the reversed phased high performance liquid chromatography method for determination of Chlorogenic acid in Xiao Shi Jian Wei Pian.Method The chromatographic conditions were as follows: Agilent ZORBAX SB-C18(4.6×150mm, 5μ),column was used as stationary phase,the mobile phase was composed of Acetonitrile and 0.4% phosphoric acid solution (13:87), the flow rate was 1.0 mL?min-1;the UV absorbance detection wavelength was set at 327nm.Results The Chlorogenic acid curve was linear within the range of 0.0050-0.0500 mg?mL-1(r=1.0000);The average recovery of Chlorogenic acid was 99.59%.Conclusion The result showed that this method was convenient、rapid、sensitive、reproducible and accurate. It can be used in determination of Chlorogenic acid in Xiao Shi Jian Wei Pian.%目的:建立消食健胃片中绿原酸含量测定的方法.方法:采用高效液相色谱法,以ZORBAX SB-C18(4.6mm×150mm,5μ)为色谱柱,流动相为乙腈-0.4%磷酸(13:87),流速1.0 mL?min-1,检测波长为327nm.结果 绿原酸在0.0050mg?mL-1~0.0500 m g?m L-1范围内线性关系良好(r=1.0000),平均回收率为99.59%, R S D=0.94%.结论:该方法准确、可靠、重复性好、专一性强,可用于消食健胃片中绿原酸的含量测定.

  3. 魏子孝“外病内治”皮肤病经验探析%Prof. Wei Zixiao's Experiences in Skin Diseases Based on“Treating the In-ternal for the Disorder on the External”

    邵鑫; 张广德; 魏子孝


    Skin disease is the common clinical manifestation or combined disorder in endocrinal dis-eases,manifested as acne,chloasma,diabetic eczema,acanthosis nigricans,skin pruritus,bullous disease, pretibial myxedema,etc. Prof. Wei Zixiao believes that skin disease is the outward manifestation of general disease on the skin and the local skin disorders can induce general disorders. They are interacted and mani-fested each other and caused by the imbalance of yin and yang,and the disturbance of zangfu qi and blood. In the treatment of skin disease,Prof. Wei stresses on“treating the internal for the disorder on the external”. Balancing yin and yang,overall regulation,determining the treating principle by syndrome differentiation, strengthening the antipathogenic qi and eliminating the pathogens are the main thoughts on the treatment of skin disease. And the good efficacy has been achieved.%皮肤病是内分泌疾病常见的临床表现或伴发疾病,临床常见有痤疮、黄褐斑,糖尿病伴发湿疹、黑棘皮病、皮肤瘙痒症、大疱病、胫前黏液水肿等。魏子孝教授认为,皮肤病是人体全身性疾病在皮肤上的表现,同时局部的皮肤病变又可引起全身性病变,二者互为表现又相互影响,是体内阴阳平衡失调、脏腑气血紊乱的表现,对于皮肤病的治疗,魏师强调“外病内治”,其以阴阳平衡、整体调节、辨证论治、扶正祛邪为主要临证思想辨治皮肤病,取得了良好效果。

  4. 魏晋南北朝道教身体哲学建设论纲%On Daoist Philosophy of the Body during the Period of the Wei,Jin,Northern and Southern Dynasties



    Philosophy of the Body takes the body as ontology .In the view of philosophy of body , Taoism during the Period of the Wei ,Jin ,Northern and Southern Dynasties expresses the characteris‐tic of “root resistance .In the context of celestial theory ,cosmic existence ,Truth confession ,good and evil discrimination ,all are associated with “body” which is internal and necessary to the world . The natural law ,ethics and celeste’s existence are based on physical situation and revealed in different directions .The characteristics of “root resistance” during the Period of the Wei ,Jin ,Northern and Southern Dynasties established later thinking style which was along the trend of the theory of “body and heaven”and“telepathy between heaven and man” .%身体哲学是一种以身体为本体的哲学观。在身体哲学的视域下审视魏晋南北朝道教,其理论思想呈现出鲜明的“根身性”特征。在神道设教的语境中,宇宙之存在、真理之体认、善恶之判别都与“身体”相缠绕,是身体“向世界敞开”的内在环节、必要条件。天道之落实、伦理之践行、仙道之体贴,都因进入“以身体道”的身体场景而获得了笃实的存在根据,并因身体展开的不同指向而呈现出各自不同的身体特征。魏晋南北朝道教的这种“根身性”特征,基本上奠定了后世道教哲学思想构建的运思风格,使之沿着“身天一体”“天人感应”的整体趋向不断演变、发展。

  5. 河北临漳县邺城遗址东魏北齐佛寺塔基的发现与发掘%Discovery and Excavation of the Pagoda Foundation Vestiges in the Buddhist Temple of the Eastern Qi and Northern Wei period on the Yecheng City-site in Linzhang County, Hebei

    中国社会科学院考古研究所邺城考古队; 河北省文物研究所邺城考古队


    The pagoda-foundation vestiges of the Buddhist temple on the southern Yecheng city-site were discovered about 200m southwest of Zhaopengcheng village in Xiwen Township, Linzhang County. They lie some 1300m to the south of the southern wall of southern Yecheng City and to the east of the line extended from thecentral axis of the southern Yecheng City and Zhumingmen-gate Road. Judging from the stratigraphical evidence and objects unearthed, the rammed earth of the pagoda foundations goes back to the Eastern Wei and Northern Qiperiod. The vestiges revealed include remains of the pagoda body above the ground and those of the foundation ex-cavations under the ground. The pagoda body can be inferred to be square, with the sides measuring about 30m.This is the only ruined square wooden Buddhist pagoda of the Eastern Wei and Northern Qi period discovered so far in China.

  6. 贴近市场服务企业大有作为--黄卫副部长寄语《建筑》杂志%Close to Market, Service Enterprise, Do Well in Construction Market in the Future--Huang Wei , the Construction Department Vice-minister, sends word to the magazine of" Construction "



    The “Construction” will change to the semimonthly publication in January of 2006.Vice-minister Huang Wei listens to the report of testing publication earnestly, encourages them kindly when the staff of“ Construction ”on preparing for the next semimonthly publication intensely. He also gives the important tutorial-style comment that the “Construction”should service for the construction market and service for the most of construction enterprises better.

  7. Research on the Dulcimer in Wei Yuan's Poem "Listening to the Dulcimer and Song Played by a Foreign Woman in Macao Garden"%魏源《澳门花园听夷女弹洋琴歌》之“洋琴”考



    中国隆回网隆回县文化局提供的材料《魏源澳门花园听琴》认为魏源笔下的“洋琴”很可能为“竖琴”。文章认为这是一种误读。根据相关材料论证,1848年魏源访问澳门,写作了《澳门花园听夷女弹洋琴歌》,诗中所描述的“洋琴”(即魏源所看到的“洋琴”)应该是古钢琴之一的“古翼琴”。%"Wei Yuan's Listening to the Dulcimer and Song in Macao Garden", provided by Longhui Culture Bureau on http://www, longhui, gov. cn/, considers the dulcimer in Wei Yuan's poem as a harp. The author of this paper thinks it is likely to be misunderstood. According to the relevant historical facts, Wei Yuan visited Macao in 1848 and wrote "Listening to the Dulcimer and Song Played by a Foreign Woman in Macao Garden". The dulcimer described in this poem should be one of the pianos at that time: clavichord.

  8. 魏氏伤科导引结合穴位埋针治疗网球肘34例%Treatment of 34 cases of tennis elbow by Wei' s Daoyin practice combined with needle-embedding therapy at acupoints

    杜炯; 曹月龙; 李飞跃


    Objective To observe the clinical efficacy of Wei' s Daoyin practice combined with needle-embedding therapy at acupoints in treating tennis elbow. Methods Thirty-four patients with tennis elbow were treated by Wei' s Daoyin practice combined with needle-embedding therapy for four courses, seven days as one course. The clinical efficacy was observed. Results Nineteen cases were cured and fourteen cases were improved,and the total effective rate was 97. 0% . Conclusion Combined Wei' s Daoyin practice combines with needle-embedding therapy has positive effects on tennis elbow.%目的 观察魏氏伤科导引结合穴位埋针治疗网球肘的临床疗效.方法 对34例网球肘患者采用魏氏伤科导引结合穴位埋针治疗,7天为1个疗程,共治疗4个疗程,观察临床疗效.结果 34例患者中临床治愈19例,好转14例,总有效率为97.0%.结论 魏氏伤科导引结合穴位埋针治疗网球肘疗效良好.

  9. On the Basic Dialect of the Mandarin of Ming Dynasty in Zhang Wei's Wenqiji%从张位《问奇集》看明代官话的基础方言



    Dialects in Zhang Wei's Wenqiji are the pronunciation bias resulted from people of different regions when speaking their Mandarin, namely Chinese common language. An explorative study on the pronunciation bias can help us get the valuable information about the common language in Ming Dynasty. It is suggested in this paper that the standard pronunciation of the mandarin in Ming Dynasty is based on the pronunciation of Jianghuai mandarin, and the phenomena of entering tones and"ni lai bu hun" are pronunciation features of Chinese common language in Ming Dynasty.%明代张位《问奇集》中的"乡音"是指明代各地人说官话——汉语共同语时出现的语音偏误. 研究这些语音偏误能够得知明代官话的一些信息. 明代官话语音的标准音以江淮官话语音为基础,至于有入声、泥来不混等则是明代汉语共同语语音的特征.

  10. Definitions in Some Large Dictionaries based on Data from the Stone Inscriptions in Wei Jin Southern and Northern Dynasties%从魏晋南北朝石刻文献看大型辞书的释义问题



    魏晋南北朝石刻文献数量丰富,文体多样,语言特色鲜明,是中古时期重要的出土文献资料。大型辞书由于对石刻文献利用不足,对不少词语释义有误或有义项缺漏的情况。结合传世文献对“潜形、潜迹”、“短祚”等6条词语进行考释,可以补大型辞书释义之不足。%Abundant,diversified in literary styles and distinctive in linguistic features,the stone inscriptions in the Wei Jin Southern and Northern Dynasties are an important part in the unearthed literature of the Chinese medieval period.However,in those large Chinese dictionaries the data from the stone inscriptions are not fully unitlized,and some definitions of the words are erroneous or lack of meaning items. For example, the definitions of “Qianxing, Qianji ”,“Duanzuo”,“Nazhi”,“Jifa”,“Jingjin”,and “Changwang”can be defined and explained correctly and explicitly by using relevant data in the stone inscriptions and inherited documents and literature to complement the insufficiency of the large Chinese dictionaries.

  11. Professor WEI Pin-kang's Experience in Treating Chemotherapy Induced Nausea and Vomiting: an Analysis of Herbal Medication%魏品康教授防治化疗导致恶心呕吐用药规律研究

    施俊; 魏品康


    Objective To summarize the herbal medication by Professor WEI Pin-kang's prescriptions in treating chemotherapy induced nausea and vomiting (CINV). Methods On the basis of outpatient and inpa-tients' medical records concerning CINV from case-database (keywords: chemotherapy and vomiting), data of 143 patients and 143 effective prescriptions were collected. The herbs and those category, nature, flavor and meridian distribution were summarized by frequency method using SPSS 13.0 Software. The couple herbs were analyzed by hierarchical cluster analysis. Results A total of 144 herbs were used (2 353 frequencies). Six groups of herbs [frequency >5%, cumulative relative frequency (CRF) 58.89% ] were used frequently as follow : the herbs for regulating qi (17.81%), resolving phlegm (13.51%), invigorating qi (8.07%), relieving food retention (7.44%), calming Gan to stop endogenous wind (7.05%), and warming the interior (5.01%). The most frequently used herbs ( >20 frequencies, CRF 77.31 %) had 31 species as follow: the herbs for regulating qi (6 species), calming Gan to stop endogenous wind (4 species), resolving phlegm (3 species), external application (2 species), invigorating qi (2 species), warming the interior (2 species), activating blood and removing blood stasis (2 species), promoting diuresis and resolving dampness (1 species), purgation (1 species) , invigorating blood (1 species), relieving exterior syndrome with pungent-warm property (1 species), relieving exterior syndrome with pungent-cool property (1 species), astringent (1 species), resolving dampness with aromatic property (1 species), calming the mind (1 species), eliminating heat and dampness (1 species), relieving food retention (1 species). Frequency of Rhizoma Pinelliae was 127 including Rhizoma Pinetliae (processed with ginger) 83 (65.35%). Frequency of prepared Radix et Rhizoma Rhei was 85 (95.51% of Prea- praed Rhizoma Rhei). These herts were mostly of warm nature (43.99%). The total frequency of

  12. On the Emotion Differences and Their Causes between Meng Haoran and Wang Wei's Landscape Poems%孟浩然、王维山水诗的情感差异及其原因



    为了进一步探讨孟浩然与王维山水诗的异同,通过将二人题材相同的山水诗加以比较分析,得知二人一些山水诗存在着描写的景物相似,而其中的情感却存在着明显差异的情况,引入马克思的"有意识的生命活动"理论后认为:此种差异主要是由作者不同的思想情感造成的,或者说,是由作者不同的生命意识活动决定的。%in order to further explore the similarities and differences of landscape poems of Meng Haoran and Wang Wei,it analyzes their landscape poems of the same subject matter and find out that their described scenary is similar,but the aroused emotions are quite different.After introducing the theory of Marx's "conscious life activities",we hold that this difference is mainly decided by the author's different feelings,or say by the author's different life consciousness activities.

  13. 从雷蒙罗维的设计看品牌形象与市场的关系%Analyze the Relationship Between Brand Image and Market from Wei Raymond’s Design

    张金玲; 刘宝成


    Lo Wei Raymond———a famous designer of the United States who designed the company's effec‐tive brand image of the greyhound bus ,the shell oil company and the sears"cold spots"refrigerator .This making them won a broad market and achieved great economic benefits .Through the analysis of this ,I got an important conclusion———The relationship between brand image and market are inseparable ,influential and restrict to each other .%以美籍著名设计师雷蒙·罗维为启示,分析了壳牌石油公司、灰狗客运汽车、西尔斯百货公司的“冷点”电冰箱等企业的有效的品牌形象设计,从其赢得了广阔的市场,获得了巨大的经济效益的结果,提出了重要的结论———品牌形象与市场的关系是密不可分、相互影响与制约的。

  14. Book publishing and literature in Wei,Jin and the Southern and Northern Dynasties%魏晋南北朝图书业兴盛与文学发展浅析



    The article discusses the major achievements in book publishing of Wei,Jin and the Southern and Northern Dynasties. The article also point out that the rapid development of the book publishing industry has an important role in promoting the development of literature. At the same time, the development of literature also promotes the blossom ofthe book publishing industry.%文章探讨了魏晋南北朝图书业取得的主要成就,并指出图书业的快速发展对文学发展所具有的推动作用。与此同时,文学的勃兴也带来图书出版业的繁荣。图书业与文学两者之间互相促进,互为因果,共同促进了当时的文化发展与文化繁荣。

  15. Micro-Raman Analysis for the Identification of Pigments in Painted Pottery Figurine from the Northern Wei Dynasty Tombs%北魏墓彩绘陶俑颜料的显微拉曼光谱分析

    程永建; 马毅强; 方莉; 韩运侠; 韩礼刚; 刘照军


    利用拉曼光谱对洛阳地区两座北魏墓出土陶俑的彩绘颜料进行了分析,与标准颜料样品的拉曼光谱相比较,识别出了陶俑所使用的红色、黑色、白色和蓝色颜料的显色成分.研究结果表明,显微拉曼光谱分析技术非常适合对古墓葬彩绘陶俑进行成分分析.%The pigments in the painted pottery figurines from two Northern Wei Dynasty-tombs were analyzed by Raman microscopy. All the pigments used were identified compared with the standard pigments Raman spectra. The result confirms that Micro-Raman spectroscopy is a very effective analytical method for the identification of pigments in ancient painted pottery figurine.

  16. The Wei Jin Southern and Northern Dynasties classical Chinese calligraphy art consciousness%论魏晋南北朝时期中国古典书法的艺术自觉



    中国古典书法在其发展过程中有其独特的双重性,即相互交融与渗透的实用性与艺术性。而这种相互交融和渗透,是以文字为载体以线条为语汇的书法艺术发展的必然结果。魏晋南北朝时期,在当时特殊的政治背景和多样化的思想文化背景下,以及各种书体发展完备,笔法的精熟,书法进入了艺术的自觉期,成为真正独立的艺术。%The Chinese classical calligraphy in its development process has its unique duality,namely the blending and penetration of the practicality and artistry.The blending and osmosis,is in the language as the carrier to the line as the vocabulary of the inevitable result of the development of the art of calligraphy.The Wei Jin Southern and Northern Dynasties period,at the time the special political background and diverse culture background,as well as various script development complete mastery of calligraphy,brushwork,enters the art conscious period,become truly independent art.

  17. On the Artistic Features of the Novel You in the Plateau by ZhangWei%论张炜《你在高原》的艺术特色



    ZhangWei, a Chinese famous writer, spent more than 20 years to write the novel You in the Plateau, which contains four million five hundred thousand words and 39 volumes.For this novel, he was awarded the Eighth MaoDun Prize in Literature in 2011.The paper studied the structure ,the characters and the scenery description of the novels in order to promote the creation and research of the Chinese novels.%中国当代著名作家张炜,花了20多年时间,写成了一部长达39卷450万字的长篇小说《你在高原》,堪称中外小说史上篇幅最长的纯文学小说,并于2011年获得第八届茅盾文学奖。拟从作品的结构安排、人物形象塑造、景物描写等方面,对这部长篇巨制的艺术审美价值进行梳理与探析,以期对中国长篇小说的创作与研究起到一定的促进作用。

  18. Archetype Criticism on the Image of"Door"in Poems by Wang Wei%王维诗歌中“门”意象的原型批评



    Based on the theory of Myth-archetype Criticism arising in western countries during 20th century, the present study aims at probing into the image"door"in the poems by Wang Wei from the perspective of the orig-inal meaning of door, the development of cultural meaning to the return of its poetic meaning, elaborating the un-conscious effects and influence of the image"door"on human psychology in Chinese cultural history by combining the researches of common human unconsciousness on images in the study of humantity, culture and psychology.%文章以20世纪西方出现的神话原型批评理论,综合人类学、文化学和心理学对意象中的人类的共同的无意识进行探究,以王维诗歌中的“门”意象为例追根溯源,从“门”这个语词的原始意义、变迁的文化意义到诗学意义的回归,阐述关于“门”意象在中国文化中的发展变迁,且对诗歌及人类心理的无意识影响。

  19. 健胃喜食宝片促进消化功能动物试验研究%Animal test on "Jian Wei Xi Shi Bao Tablets" in facilitating digestive function

    王叔桥; 张丽宏; 刘莉; 马晶


    Objective To evaluate the facilitating digestive function of Jian Wei Xi Shi Bao Tablets in animal. Methods Male KM mice were randomly divided into control group, model control group and three dosage groups(0. 53,1. 06,1. 60g/kg-BW). The dosage groups were orally administered respectively with test drugs for 15 days, both control group and model control group were treated with experimental water. Mice constipation model was established by using compound diphenixylate. Small intestine movement was studied out in mice, and the ink propelling rates was detected. Male SD rats were randomly divided into control group and three dosage groups(0. 265,0. 53,1. 06g/kgBW). The dosage groups were orally administered respectively with test drugs for 30 days. Body weight, weight gain, food intake and food efficiency ratio were observed in rats, and the activity and secretion quantity of pepsin were detected. The control group was treated with experimental water. Results Jian Wei Xi Shi Bao Tablets (1.06, 1. 60g/kgBW) improved significantly the ink propelling rate in small intestine of mice(P <0.01) and the body weight and food intake of rats, with no significant difference in food efficiency ratio. Jian Wei Xi Shi Bao Tablets ( 0. 53 、1.06g / kgBW) aslo significantly enhanced the activity and secretion quantity of pepsin in rats(P < 0.01). Conclusion The experiment result indicates that "Jian Wei Xi Shi Bao Tablets "has promoting degestive function in animals, namely enhance appetite, food intake , the secretion of gastric juice and pepsin, body weight and small intestine peristalsis, and aslo has the defecation function in mice.%目的 研究健胃喜食宝片促进动物消化功能的效果.方法 将昆明种雄性小鼠随机分为空白组、模型对照组和3个剂量(0.53、1.06、1.60g/kgBW)的给药组.各剂量组分别连续经口给予受试样品15d,空白组和模型对照组给予实验用水.用复方地芬诺酯制造小鼠便秘模型,进行小鼠小肠运

  20. Intimate Friends:On the Intercourse Between Lu Xun and Wei Suyuan%独夜有知己——鲁迅与韦素园交往的深层思考



    鲁迅与韦素园的交往是短暂而又真挚的,而这段交往由于种种原因却被遮蔽于现代文学史料中。二人的交往始于未名社的成立和对进步翻译文学事业的追求,由于同患肺病的特殊经历和相似的人生早年以及二人性格的相近,使得他们成为现代文坛一对年龄悬殊的知己。%Short and sincere intercourse existed between Lu Xun and Wei Suyuan, which was closed over by modem literary documents. Their intercourse began with the founding of Weiming Society and their pursuit for the progressive literature translating cause. Because of their special pulmonary disease experience, similar early life experience and character, they became bosom friends gradually in modern literary arena in spite of their age gap.

  1. WEI Qing-lin's experience on intractable facial paralysis treated with acupuncture-moxibustion and massage%魏清琳针灸推拿治疗顽固性面瘫经验撷要

    李玲; 陈前琼


    介绍魏清琳主任医师针灸综合疗法治疗顽固性面瘫的临床经验与施术特色.魏老师临证重用背部腧穴调理脏腑功能,根据解剖定位,创用颈阔肌体表投影区取穴法、巧用轻提拉浅透刺针刺法以恢复面部肌肉功能.同时擅长综合协同运用针、灸、指针、推摩等多种疗法,强调治疗过程中身心并调、医患互动,使患者达到全面康复的目的.%The clinical experiences and manipulation characteristic of comprehensive therapy of acupuncture-Moxibustion of WEI Qing-lin in treatment of intractable facial paralysis are introduced, including selecting acu-points on the back to regulate functions of zang fu, creating sensitive points of platysma projective area as acu-points and using skillfully the manipulation of lifting gently and penetration needling superficially so as to recover the function of facial muscles. Meanwhile, she excels in combination with acupuncture, moxibustion, finger needling and massage, and emphasizes co-regulating physical and mental condition and doctor-patient interaction so as to achieve comprehensive rehabilitation.

  2. 中西方浪漫主义美术之比较--以徐渭与德拉克洛瓦为例%Comparison of Western and Chinese Romanticism Fine Art-- Taking Xu Wei and Delacroix for Example



    在艺术创作过程中,浪漫主义艺术家以现实生活为基础,用无限的幻想和饱满的热情,来抒发主体对理想世界的追求和表现内在精神世界的渴望。但中西方浪漫主义美术无论从历史发展的角度还是从具体艺术表现形式来看都存在很大的差异,我们可以从浪漫主义艺术家徐渭和德拉克洛瓦的作品中得以充分的感悟。%Romanticism artists express their ideas on the spiritual world with boundless imagination and enthusiasm and these artistic creations are rooted in their real lives. However,there is a great difference between western and eastern ro-manticism fine art,both in historical development and specific artistic form. We can gain an insight from romanticism artists Xu Wei and Delacroix’s works.

  3. Professor Wei Wei′ s Core Elements of Treating Diseases by Applying Spleen and Stomach%魏玮教授调理脾胃论治疾病核心要素

    王欣; 魏玮


    魏玮教授在多年的临证过程中总结出疾病论治的三大核心要素:“能量、动态、平衡”。中医药论治疾病讲求整体观念,辨证论治,而脾胃是“后天之本,气血生化之源”,无论是论治脾胃病还是其他疾病,都要以恢复人体内的能量和动态作为基础和核心,并以达到平衡为最终的目的,即恢复人体正常有序的生理活动。%Professor Wei Wei′s three core elements of treating disease are energy,dynamics,and balance. Chinese medicine emphasizes on holism and differentiation,and spleen and stomach are the root of acquired constitution,and source of qi and blood transformation. No matter treating diseases on spleen or stomach or other diseases,it is very important to differentiate based on Four Diagnosis method,so as to regain the energy and dynamics,and ultimately achieve balance,which means recovering normal and regular physical activity.

  4. Identification of the non-stationarity of extreme precipitation events and correlations with large-scale ocean-atmospheric circulation patterns: A case study in the Wei River Basin, China

    Liu, Saiyan; Huang, Shengzhi; Huang, Qiang; Xie, Yangyang; Leng, Guoyong; Luan, Jinkai; Song, Xiaoyu; Wei, Xiu; Li, Xiangyang


    The investigation of extreme precipitation events in terms of variation characteristics, stationarity, and their underlying causes is of great significance to better understand the regional response of the precipitation variability to global climate change. In this study, the Wei River Basin (WRB), a typical eco-environmentally vulnerable region of the Loess Plateau in China was selected as the study region. A set of precipitation indices was adopted to study the changing patterns of precipitation extremes and the stationarity of extreme precipitation events. Furthermore, the correlations between the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO)/El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) events and precipitation extremes were explored using the cross wavelet technique. The results indicate that: (1) extreme precipitation events in the WRB are characterized by a significant decrease of consecutive wet days (CWD) at the 95% confidence level; (2) compared with annual precipitation, daily precipitation extremes are much more sensitive to changing environments, and the assumption of stationarity of extreme precipitation in the WRB is invalid, especially in the upstream, thereby introducing large uncertainty to the design and management of water conservancy engineering; (3) both PDO and ENSO events have a strong influence on precipitation extremes in the WRB. These findings highlight the importance of examining the validity of the stationarity assumption in extreme hydrological frequency analysis, which has great implications for the prediction of extreme hydrological events.

  5. Chinese Patent Medicine Liu Wei Di Huang Wan Combined with Antihypertensive Drugs, a New Integrative Medicine Therapy, for the Treatment of Essential Hypertension: A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials

    Jie Wang


    Full Text Available Objectives. To assess the beneficial and adverse effects of Liu Wei Di Huang Wan (LWDHW, combined with antihypertensive drugs, for essential hypertension. Methods. Five major electronic databases were searched up to August 2012 to retrieve any potential randomized controlled trials designed to evaluate the clinical effectiveness of LWDHW combined with antihypertensive drugs for essential hypertension reported in any language, with main outcome measures as blood pressure. The quality of the included studies was assessed with the Jadad scale and a customized standard quality assessment scale. Results. 6 randomized trials were included. The methodological quality of the trials was evaluated as generally low. The pooled results showed that LWDHW combined with antihypertensive drugs was more effective in blood pressure and the scale for TCM syndrome and symptom differentiation scores compared with antihypertensive drugs alone. Most of the trials did not report adverse events, and the safety is still uncertain. Conclusions. LWDHW combined with antihypertensive drugs appears to be effective in improving blood pressure and symptoms in patients with essential hypertension. However, the evidence remains weak due to the poor methodological quality of the included studies.

  6. New Variations to Emotions Expressed Through Scenes--On Prose Composition by Wei Qing-chao%借景抒情散文的新变奏--漫谈魏清潮的散文创作



    The prose composed by Wei Qing-chao followed the conventional rituals and patterns of tak⁃ing advantage of scenes or describing objects to express emotions. However, he wouldn’t stiffly create his own metaphorical system to change or promote the nature, but rather bestow the beauty of uniqueness and value of expression on the nature. In addition, unlike most of other proses which organized the layouts around the artis⁃tic conception, he employed the technique of film montage in the prose, scenes constantly being taken and flashed back, repeated and compared, expressed emotions.%魏清潮的散文走的是借景抒情、托物言志的传统写作套路,但他不会生硬地以自己构造的隐喻系统去改造和提升自然,而是赋予自然独立的美和表现价值。另外,他的大多数散文也不像过往的许多散文那样围绕意境的创造来谋篇布局,而是借用电影蒙太奇的表现手法,通过扑面而来的一个个画面的闪回、重叠或者对比,抒情或言志。

  7. Research on Adaptability of CSRI for Junior Middle School Students of Yi Nationality in Ninlang%CSRI在云南宁蒗彝族初中生的适用性研究

    何木叶; 林静; 李昌庆


    目的考察CSRI在宁蒗彝族初中生的适用性。方法对400名宁蒗初中生进行施测,对其中214名彝族学生数据采用SPSS15.0进行统计分析。结果①各分量表中的大多数项目与分量表的相关在0.3以上。分量表的Cronbach仅系数为0.801至0.869之间,分半信度在0.823至0.865之间。分量表的相关在0.209至0.406之间。因素分析表明男女正负性分量表累积方差解释率在52.87%至59.92%之间。②宁蒗彝族初中生四种性别角色差异显著,P〈0.01。双性化(32.4%)和未分化(30.0%)比例占多数。初一男生双性化比率最高(55.9%)、其次是初三男生(21.9%)、初二男生双性化比率最低(17.6%),差异显著,(P〈0.05)。城市男性化比例(43.5%)高于农村(13.0%),差异显著(P〈0.01)。结论CSRI也可适用于宁蒗彝族初中生的性别角色研究。彝族初中生性别角色现状令人喜忧参半。初二是彝族初中生双性化比例的最低点。城市彝族初中生比农村彝族初中生表现出更高的男性化倾向。%IObjectives: To explore the adaptability of CSRI for Yi Nationality junior middle school students in Nilang. Methods: A total of 400 junior middle school students in Ninglang were investigated with the scale. All data had been analyzed by use of SPSS for windows 15.0. ①The correlation was above 0.3 between subscales and most of items. The correlation between 4 subscales ranged from 0. 209 to 0.406. The Cronbach's alpha coefficient of the subscales ranged from 0.801 to 0.869, Spearman-Brown split coefficient ranged from 0.823 to 0.865. Factor analysis indicated that, the four subscales explained 52.87% -59.92% of the variance.②There were significant differences between four gender roles in Yi Nationality junior middle school students of Nilang. (P〈0.01). Androgyny (32.4%) and undifferentiated (30.0%

  8. Yiğit Ve Silahlı Adam Diyalektiğinde Kılıç İmgesi The Image Of The Sword In The Dialectic Of The Brave And The Armed Man

    Bayram SEVİNÇ


    Full Text Available The sword has an image which is as old as human history and as alive as human being. It has also taken on a mystified character by having a load of meaning beyond being an instrument of war. There has been a link established between the sword and dominance and justiceas bravery. In the cultures, which see the iron as sacred even aningredient from the sky, the iron nature of the sword has caused it to beconsecrated as well as to be sworn on. For example, in the ancientTurks the iron was sacred and shamans were fulfilling the task ofexecuting sacred works as blacksmith. Iron has also an important placein Islam, and likewise with the effect of many religious expressions thesword has become an important cultural and mythical symbol. Whensword and bravery is concerned Hz. Ali acquires a dominant position byhis sword named Zulfiqar. This important cultural and mythical place ofsword in Turkish and Islamic world in the pre-modern period has beendiffered with the change starting by the discovery of firearms. Firearmshave revealed a culture that puts fighting force above bravery. Remotethrown weapons as fighting force has provided superiority in the past.However sword was describing the individual bravery. In the modernera, firearms has strengthened the culture of the arrow and weakenedthe culture of the sword. Moreover, recently videos especially taken bycertain organizations with the sword has produced a new andundesirable imaginary bond between the sword and Islam. In thispaper, the stigmatization of the sword, which was a symbol of adjectivessuch as the bravery, justice and sovereignty in the traditional culture,to Islam and Muslims as a part of the image of the injustice, violence,and even barbarism in contemporary world is problematized. Kılıç, insanlık tarihi kadar eski, insan kadar canlı bir imgeye sahiptir. O, bir savaş aletinin çok ötesinde bir anlam yüküne sahip olmakla mistik bir karaktere de bürünmüştür. Kılıç ile yi

  9. 光辉异彩的女性——浅谈《雷雨》中蘩漪的形象特征%Glorious Splendor of Women ——On the "Thunderstorm" in the Image Characteristics of Fan Yi



    "Thunderstorm" is a life's tragedy,successfully built the characters image.This article from the appearance of Fan Yi,the conflict of Fan Yi and Zhou Puyuan to Zhou Ping,and love,marriage and other aspects to analyze the characteristics of the character.%《雷雨》是一幕人生悲剧,成功塑造了剧中人物形象。本文主要从蘩漪的外表、蘩漪与周朴园和周萍的冲突及其爱情婚姻等方面来分析这个人物形象特征。

  10. 四川省凉山州某县彝族村民偶遇性行为调查%Analysis of an Investigation of Casual Sexual Behaviors among Yi Ethnic Villagers in One County in Liangshan of Sichuan Province

    杨义; 吴春霖; 刘鹏; 周颖; 陈文; 罗清国; 徐强; 栾荣生


    Objective: To find out the current situations and influential factors of casual sexual behavior among young people from Yi ethnic group.Methods: A questionnaire about HIV/AIDS related attitudes and behaviors was used to investigate 108 Yi ethnic villagers at the age between 15 and 35 years, in-depth interview was used for 6 men and 6 women, and informal interview was used for 4 key informants.Re sults: Corresponding.50.0%, 39.8%, and 31 .5% thought that people around them hold consent attitudes toward premarital sexual behavior, extramarital sexual behavior before and after cohabiting. People with multiple sexual relationships accumulatively and within last one year were 66.7% and 22.2%.82.4% of the respondents had had casual sexual behavior.Logistic regression results showed that male, younger respondents who thought that people around them hold consent attitudes toward extramarital sexual behavior before cohabiting, were easy to have casual sexual behaviors.When going to township and attending someone's wedding, villagers were easy to have casual sexual behaviors.47.7% of the respondents had ever heard about condom, among who 54.9% never used and no one used every time when having sex.Conclusions: Having casual sexual behaviors is common, and it is urgent to promote condom use among Yi ethnic villagers.%目的:了解彝族村民偶遇性行为现状.方法:对108名15-35岁彝族村民进行了性态度和行为问卷调查,完成了12名村民的个别深入访谈和4名重要知情人士访谈.结果:认为周围人对婚前性行为、对落夫家前、后婚外性行为持"可以"态度的调查对象分别占50.O%、39.8%和31.5%.累积和最近1年有多性伴者分别占66.7%和22.2%.82.4%的调查对象发生过偶遇性行为.Logistic回归分析发现:男性初次性行为年龄小、"剧围的人对(落夫家前)婚外性行为"持开放态度者更容易发生偶遇性行为.赶场和参加婚礼最容易发生偶遇性行为.47.7%的

  11. Analysis of the Customary Law of the Yi People in Liangshan before the Democratic Reform%民主改革前的凉山彝族习惯法探析



    Since the democratic reform in 1956, the Yi people-inhabited regions in Liangshan of Sichuan Province have transitioned from slave society to the new democratic society, then to socialist society. Great social, political and economic changes have happened. However, the customary law of the Yi people in Liangshan still has influences on their life. The customary law of the Yi people before the 1956 democratic reform was closely related to their productivity, hierarchy, and the lineage system in the slave society. The law, with its unique characteristics, effectively protected the hierarchy, properties of the slave owners and the lineage system. To have some knowledge of the law, on one hand, is helpful to understand the historic factors and basis behind the current relationship within minority groups, and actively maintain those parts that meet the needs of the time and benefit the social development of minority groups; on the other hand, knowledge of the law provides a good reference for adapting state law when implemented in minority regions so as to promote positive interaction between state law and customary law of minority groups.%凉山彝族地区在1956年民主改革后,从奴隶社会过渡到新民主主义社会又进入了社会主义社会,社会、政治、经济等都发生了很大的变化,但凉山彝族习惯法对凉山彝族现实社会生活仍存诸多影响。1956年民主改革前的凉山彝族习惯法与凉山彝族奴隶社会生产力发展水平及等级制度、家支紧密相连,严格维护着等级秩序、奴隶主的财产权利及家支组织,体现出自身鲜明的特点。对民主改革前的凉山彝族习惯法有所认知,一方面可以了解现今少数民族群体内部关系形成的历史原因和基础,积极去保留符合时代需求、有利于少数民族社会发展的习惯法;另一方面又可以为国家法律在少数民族地区实施进行有益地变通提供参考,从而实现国家

  12. Clinical Study of Dan Zhi Xiao Yao San and Er Zhi Wan Jia Jian in Treating the Hormone Therapy of Breast Cancer the Clinical Observation of after Menopause Syndrome%丹栀逍遥散合二至丸治疗三苯氧胺不良反应的研究

    张传雷; 郑玉玲


    目的:观察丹栀逍遥散合二至丸加减对乳腺癌患者三苯氧胺(TAM)内分泌治疗不良反应的治疗作用.方法:将64例符合入选标准的乳腺癌患者,随机分为治疗组和对照组.治疗组:TAM,每次10 mg,每日2次,温开水送服,同时配合丹栀逍遥散合二至丸加减浓煎300 mL,日1剂,早、晚各服1次.对照组:TAM,每次10 mg,每日2次,温开水送服.治疗2月后评价疗效,比较两组患者库坡曼(kuppermann)症状积分、药物不良反应等观察指标.结果:治疗组kuppermann症状积分明显低于治疗前(P<0.05),临床缓解率(显效+有效)达90.63%;对照组积分较前无改善.两组缓解率比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01).结论:应用TAM配合丹栀逍遥散合二至丸加减治疗乳腺癌,能够改善潮热汗出、失眠、疲乏及情绪异常等内分泌治疗后不良反应,提高生活质量.%Objective;To observe the therapeutical effect of Dan Zhi Xiao Yao San with Er Zhi Wan Jia Jian on adverse reactions of breast cancer of endocrine therapy on tamoxifen(TAM). Methods;64 patients with breast cancer according to the criteria,randomly divided into the treatment group and control group. The treatment group:TAM,every time 10 mg,2 times a day with lukewarm water service, at the same time cooperating with 300ml fried Dan Zhi Xiao Yao San with Er Zhi Wan Jia Jian,day 1 agent,the morning and evening take 1 times. Control group: TAM, every time 10 mg,2 times a day with lukewarm water service. Evaluate the efficacy after 2 months. Compared the kuppennann symptom scores, adverse drug reaction and other outcome of two groups of patients. Results; The kuppermann symptom scores of treatment group is significantly lower than no treatment(P< 0.05 ) , clinical response rate (powerfully + effective) 90. 63% ;the control group did not improve the previous points. The remission rate of two groups was significant difference(P <0.01). Conclusion;The application of TAM with Dan Zhi Xiao Yao

  13. 杜仲腰痛丸对腰椎间盘突出症患者血清TNF-α、IL-1β的影响%The Effect of DuZhongYaoTong Wan on the Levels of TNF-αand IL-1βin Patients with Lumbar Disc Herniation

    朱换平; 赵继荣; 邓强


    目的:观察杜仲腰痛丸对腰椎间盘突出症(LDH)患者血清肿瘤坏死因子-α(TNF-α)、白介素-1β(IL-1β)的影响。方法:选择LDH患者共145例,治疗组76例,对照组69例,另选参加健康体检的成年人70例作为正常组。服药3周后,评定疗效,应用视觉模拟评分法进行疼痛评分,用放免法测定患者血清TNF-α、IL-1β含量。结果:TNF-α、IL-1β血清含量治疗后2组较治疗前明显下降(P<0.05),治疗组下降更明显(P<0.05)。2用药组均取得较好疗效,治疗后疼痛评分均有明显改善(P<0.05),治疗后2组间总有效率及疼痛评分比较,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论:应用杜仲腰痛丸治疗LDH可取得较好疗效,其作用机理可能在于有效干预LDH患者炎症介质TNF-α、IL-1β表达。%To observe the effect ofDuZhongYaoTongWanon serum levels of tumor necrosis fac-tor-α(TNF-α) and interleukin-1β(IL-1β) in patients with lumbar disc herniation (LDH). Methods: Totally 145 pa-tients with LDH were randomly divided into the treatment group with 76 cases, and the control group with 69 cases. Another 70 adults who participated in physical examination were selected as the normal group. The efficacy was e-valuated after takingDuZhongYaoTongWanfor three weeks. Visual analogue scales (VAS) were used to assess the score of pain and radioimmunoassay was applied to measure the contents of serum TNF-αand IL-1β. Results: The serum levels of TNF-αand IL-1βsignificantly increased in the patient group compared with the normal group (P<0.01). The serum levels of TNF-αand IL-1βsignificantly decreased in the treatment group compared with that before the treatment (P<0.05). The serum levels of TNF-αand IL-1βdecreased in the control group compared with that before treating (P<0.05). Two patient groups both obtained good efficacy, indicating significant improvements of pain scores after the treatment (P<0.05), and differences in

  14. Analysis of Gene Polymorphism of Human Platelet Antigen 1~17 System in Yao Nationality in Guangxi%广西瑶族人群血小板抗原1~17系统基因多态性研究



    To analyze the regional distribution feature of gene polymorphism of human platelet antigen ( HPA )l ~ 17 system in Yao ethnic group in Guangxi. Methods HPA 1 ~ 17 system genotyping of 48 Yao ethnic group was conducted by using PCR-SSP and the genotype frequency and gene frequency were calculated. Results Among the 17 HPA systems, HPA-3 had the greatest heterozygosity with a gene frequency of 0. 2292,0. 5208 and 0. 2500 for HPA-3a/3a, HPA-3a/3b,HPA-3b/3b,respectively;followed by HPA-15,which showed the heterozygosity with a gene frequency of 0.3125,0.4583 and 0. 2292,respectively. The predominance of a/a homozygosity was noted for HPAl-17,and the frequency of a/a homozygosity was 1.000 for the remaining 17 HPAs. There was a good fit to Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium within each group. Conclusion The ethnic and original difference is significant in HPA. HPA-3 and HPA-15 have their own characteristic in Guangxi Yao population. The distribution of HPA-3 and HPA 15 gene frequencies are polymorphous, their roles in clinical platelet matched transfusion should be paid attention to.%目的 研究广西瑶族人群血小板抗原HPA-1~17系统基因多态性分布特点.方法 采用PCR-序列特异性引物(PCR-SSP)方法对48例广西瑶族健康人进行HPA-1~17系统基因分型,计算基因型频率、等位基因频率,并与其他种族、地区人群相关资料比较.结果 在17个HPA系统中,HPA-3基因型杂合频率最高,HPA 3a/3a、HPA3a/3b和HPA 3b/3b的频率分别为0.2292,0.5208和0.2500;HPA-15的杂合程度仅次之,HPA 15a/15a,HPA 15a/15b和HPA15b/15b的频率分别为0.3125、0.4583和0.2292;其余HPA系统只检测到a等位基因,其基因频率均为1.000,符合Hardy-Weinberg遗传定律.结论 HPA基因多态性分布存在明显的种族和地域性差异.广西瑶族HPA-3和HPA-15系统基因频率分布具有多态性,在临床血小板输注中必须重视.

  15. 从《古文辞类纂》到《唐宋文举要》——兼论高步瀛对姚鼐文章观念的继承和发展%From Anthology of Classical Prose to Sketch of Prose of Tang and Song Dynasties———Also on Gao Buying's Inheritance and Development of Yao Nai's View of Prose



    姚鼐的《古文辞类纂》以其较为精当完备的选文、精辟的评论和谨严的注释成为清中期以后学习古文的畅销选本,对桐城派古文标准的确立和传承也具有重要的意义。高步瀛选注《唐宋文举要》显示出对《古文辞类纂》的借鉴与吸收,也表现了高步瀛对姚鼐文章观念的继承和发展。%The Anthology of Classical Prose by Yao Nai has been a best-seller of anthologies for classical prose learning since the mid-Qing Dynasty with its comprehensive selection of prose,incisive commentaries and precise annotation.It is also of significance to the establishment and inheritance of the classical prose criteria for the Tongcheng School.Gao Bu'ying's compilation and annotation of Sketch of Prose of Tang and Song Dynasties shows his learning from the Anthology of Classical Prose and his inheritance and development of Yao Nai's view of prose.

  16. 论明清小说中的女性悍妒文化--以《聊斋志异》中的“悍妒妇”形象为例%The Stduy on Ming and Qing Dynasty fictions about Shrew Cultural---Aggressive and Jealous Women Image Analysis in Liao Zhai Zhi Yi



    Liao Zhai Zhi Yi is an outstanding representative of the ancient super natural classical novels of our country .Pu Song -ling used both imagine and realistic approaches to help us to understand “the Shrew”a type of women in Liao Zhai Zhi Yi .This paper analyzed the aggressive and jealous women images in the novel of Liao Zhai Zhi Yi .with deeply exploring the cultural roots of “the Shrew” type women ap‐peared in the Ming and Qing society .The paper gave the prevalent reasons of “Jealous Wind” that repre‐sented in the Ming and Qing literati for women’s“jealous therapy”approach ,and explains the cultural sig‐nificance of envy .%《聊斋志异》是我国古代以志怪传奇为特征的文言小说的杰出代表。通过对悍妒文化做源流梳理,例举历史上有名的悍妒典故,认为明清小说家提出的疗妒法主要有:以悍制悍、佛法疗妒、道德说教等。

  17. 宋代阿者、罗殿、毗那三个彝族藩国的谱系与分布%Genealogy and Distribution of Azhe, Pina and Luo Dian These Three Yi People Vassal States in Song Dynasty



    According to document record in Song dynasty, there are Azhe, Pina and Luo Dian these three outside-civilized Yi people vassal states in northwest, middle and southwest of Guizhou province. Because can not carry out effective control, they have wide and convenient conditions, they appear in horse market in Heng- shanzhai of Yongzhou. According to Yi document record, these three sections of Yi people have completed fa- ther-son linking surname, and the distribution of them can be textually researched today.%根据宋代文献的记录,宋代的今贵州西北、中、西南三部地区,出现了阿者、罗殿和毗那三个并立的“化外”彝族藩国,因宋代无力实行有效“羁縻”,给它们提供了比较宽松便利的条件,这些藩国终于在邕州横山寨(今广西田东县)的市马浮出水面。根据彝文文献记载,这三部彝族都有较为完整的父子连名谱记录,分布的地盘到今天还能考证。

  18. Bambusa Changningensis Yi et B. X. Li a New Species (Babusoideae, Poaceae) of Economical Bamboos in China%佯黄竹——我国经济竹子一新种

    易同培; 李本祥


    In this paper, a description is given of a new species of the Bambusa Retz. corr. Schreber (Poaceae) from Changning County, Sichuan, China, and it is named B. changningensis Yi et B. X. Li. This species is similar to Bambusa rigida Keng et Keng f. ,but has a tall culm. Its height is up to 19. 5 m and its diameter is 10 cm;Bamboo shoot is initially as thalassicus,later densely farinose, and with green- ish annuli, without stramineous longitudinal lines ;longer Vegina, about the internode length of 2/3, smal- ler Acuricle,glabrous dorsum on the lamella, only brown appressed setulose on the base of venter; Leaf sheath mouth without fimbrilla. And glabrous petiole,larger leaves, length up to 29 (32) cm, width up to 3(3.6) cm,greenish back,secondary veins up to 10(12) pairs,easy to distinguish.%本文报道了禾本科竹亚科箣竹属一新种——佯黄竹Bambusa changningensis Yi et B.X.Li,产于四川南部长宁县。新种近似硬头黄竹B.rigida Keng et Keng f.,不同在于新种秆高大,高达19.5 m,直径10 cm;笋初时为墨绿色,后密被白粉,并具淡绿色环带,无黄白色纵条纹;箨鞘较长,约为节间长度的2/3,箨耳较小,箨片背面无毛,腹面仅基部具棕色贴生小刺毛;叶鞘口无繸毛,叶柄无毛,叶片较大,长达29(32)cm,宽达3(3.6)cm,背面淡绿色,次脉多达10(12)对,容易区别。

  19. 益髓生血颗粒对珠蛋白生成障碍性贫血患者%Expression of SCF and C - kit in Patients of βThalassemia Treated by Yi Sui Sheng Xue Granula

    柴立民; 吴志奎


    Objective;To investigate the mechanism of action in p thalassemia treated by Yi Sui Sheng Xue granula. Methods-. We detected the hemoglobin, erythrocyte, reticulocyte count and fetal hemoglobin of 20 patients of p thalassemia before or after treated by the granula, studied the gene expression of stem cell factor and c - kit in karyocyte of marrow. Results -. The hematologic parameters of patients were ameliorated by this granula. Gene expression of c - kit was increased notablely. That of SCF was no change. Conclusion -. Yi Sui Sheng Xue granula can improve clinical symptom of the patients obviously. It should regulate the proliferation and cell differentiation of ancestral cell and hematopoietic cell through the SCF/c - kit signal transmit pathway for goals of treatment.%目的:探讨益髓生血颗粒治疗珠蛋白生成障碍性贫血的作用机制.方法:观察20例患儿治疗前后血红蛋白(Hb)、红细胞(RBC)、网织红细胞计数(Ret)、胎儿血红蛋白(HbF)的改变;选取10例有效病例,通过实时荧光定量PCR技术探讨该药对珠蛋白生成障碍性贫血患者骨髓有核细胞SCF和c-kit基因表达的影响.结果:治疗后患者各项血液学参数均有改善;骨髓有核细胞c-kit基因表达明显升高,与治疗前比较差异有显著性(P<0.05);SCF基因表达无明显改变.结论:益髓生血颗粒可以明显改善患者的临床症状,通过SCF/c-kit信号传导途径,调节红系祖细胞及其它造血细胞的增殖和分化过程,来达到治疗目的.

  20. 彝族燕麦酒营销的市场研究--以拉玛酒业为例%The Marketing of Oat Baijiu of Yi People:a Case Study on Rama Distillery



    The marketing of oat Baijiu of Yi people from Rama Distillery was investigated through data collection, data survey, quantitative&qualitative analysis. Firstly, the marketing environment of oat Baijiu of Yi people was studied from three aspects as follows:environment analy-sis including the analysis of economic environment, industry environment, natural conditions, demographic factors, technical measures, social culture, and political and legal environment;analysis of competitors under the same conditions (the same category, the same geographical condi-tions, and the same price); analysis of consumers’behavior, consumers’channel selection and consumers’groups description. Afterwards, SWOT analysis of the development of Rama oat Baijiu was performed. SO strategy, namely, expansion strategy was recommended for the en-terprise. As a conclusion, the construction of marketing culture strategies was urgent for Rama Distillery.%彝族燕麦酒选取的样本为拉玛酒业,通过搜集资料、调研数据、调查市场等,定性与定量相结合研究。首先从彝族燕麦酒市场环境研究入手,分析三个方面:一是着眼于环境分析,对经济环境、行业环境、自然条件、人口因素、科技手段、社会文化、政治法律环境等因素分别分析;二是对同品类、同地域、同价位条件下的竞争者作分析;三是对消费者的消费行为模式、消费渠道选择及消费群体描述作分析。然后对拉唛燕麦酒发展进行SWOT分析,建议企业采用SO战略,即扩张性战略,结论核心即拉玛酒业对营销文化战略的构建迫在眉睫。