Sample records for yeli yuan hiroshi

  1. Spotlight on the Yuan

    Wang; Jun


    The yuan reached yet another milestone on October 8 when the first phase of the Cross-Border Interbank Payment System(ClPS) was launched in Shanghai. The system, which provides capital settlement and clearing services for cross-border yuan transactions for financial institutions, will enhance the efficiency of the yuan's cross-border settlement and pro- mote its global use, said Fan Yifei, Vice Governor of the People's Bank of China (PBC), the court- trys central bank

  2. Yelling About Yuan


    A rising yuan may appease foreign nations,but it won’t help all Chinese boats float Many nations trading with China should be pleased—this coun-try’s currency, the renminbi (RMB), is rising, and this could help ease their own deficits.

  3. Special issue: Terrestrial fluids, earthquakes and volcanoes: The Hiroshi Wakita volume I

    Perez, Nemesio M.; King, Chi-Yu; Gurrieri, Sergio; McGee, Kenneth A.


    Terrestrial Fluids, Earthquakes and Volcanoes: The Hiroshi Wakita Volume I is a special publication to honor Professor Hiroshi Wakita for his scientific contributions. This volume consists of 17 original papers dealing with various aspects of the role of terrestrial fluids in earthquake and volcanic processes, which reflect Prof. Wakita’s wide scope of research interests.Professor Wakita co-founded the Laboratory for Earthquake Chemistry in 1978 and served as its director from 1988 until his retirement from the university in 1997. He has made the laboratory a leading world center for studying earthquakes and volcanic activities by means of geochemical and hydrological methods. Together with his research team and a number of foreign guest researchers that he attracted, he has made many significant contributions in the above-mentioned scientific fields of interest. This achievement is a testimony to not only his scientific talent, but also his enthusiasm, his open mindedness, and his drive in obtaining both human and financial support.

  4. Imaging the Rural: Modernity and Agrarianism in Hiroshi Hamaya’s ‘Snow Land’ Photographs

    Ross Tunney


    Full Text Available This article analyses the Snow Land photographic series by Japanese photographer Hiroshi Hamaya [1915–1999] in relation to issues of modernity, nostalgia and discourses of agrarianism in 1940s and 1950s Japan. Hamaya is one of Japan’s most celebrated and influential documentary photographers at both a national and international level. His Snow Land series presents an idyllic view of life in the small mountain villages of Japan’s Niigata Prefecture, emphasising a sense of community and spiritual meaning that Hamaya perceived to be lacking in modern society. In this sense, Snow Land constituted a critique of modernity. Through engagement with theorists such as Heidegger, Foucault and Barthes, as well as critical writings on agrarian ideology, this article investigates the underlying assumptions that govern Hamaya’s depiction of snow country, demonstrating that the series is shaped by a modern worldview and is tied to ideological discourses of agrarianism.

  5. Is China Ready for Full Yuan Convertibility?


    Although China has made headway in reforming the exchange rate regime of its currency,the yuan,and expanding the use of it in cross-border trade during the past year,the yuan is far from fully convertible.Huang Yiping,a professor at the National School of Development of Peking University,said in an article for Beijing Review that China has the conditions for capital account liberalization and should strive for basic convertibility within five years. Edited excerpts follow

  6. Oil Giants Profit 146b Yuan in First Half


    The first-half net profit of the three leading oil companies in China - PetroChina, Sinopec and CNOOC Ltd. - totaled 146 billion yuan, averaging at 800 million yuan a day. PetroChina's profit falls below estimate The net income of PetroChina in the first six months rose 1 percent to 66 billion yuan, missing analysts'estimates. PetroChina's refining business swung to a loss of 23.4 billion yuan from a profit of 3 billion yuan a year earlier, as the cost of processing crude into fuels climbed 3.1 percent to 138.75 yuan a ton.

  7. 78 FR 16680 - Shu Bei Yuan: Debarment Order


    ... countries other than China, including South Korea, when in fact Ms. Yuan knew that the honey originated from China. Between August and November 2005, Ms. Yuan and others caused the fraudulent import and entry into.... The purpose of Ms. Yuan's scheme was to import, enter, and sell Chinese-origin honey into the...

  8. 500 Million Yuan Textile Machinery Project Located in Laiyang


    Textile machinery project with 500 million Yuan investment was formally signed in Yantai Laiyang Development Zone on November 15, which is the l Oth project in the development zone with more than 100 million Yuan investment, and the 5th project in the development zone with more than 500 million Yuan investment.

  9. Obituary: Chi Yuan (1937-2008)

    Ho, Paul


    Chi Yuan graduated from the National Taiwan University in1959, and received his Masters of Science degree from the University of Florida in 1962, and his Doctor of Philosophy from the University of Michigan in 1966. He was a postdoctoral fellow with Professor C.C. Lin at MIT for three years, before taking his faculty post at the City College of New York in 1969. He attained full professorship at CCNY in 1981. From 1994-1996, Chi returned to Taiwan as Director of the newly found Academia Sinica Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics (ASIAA). From 1997-2002, he was the recipient of an Outstanding Scholar Award, reserved for the most distinguished scientists employed in Taiwan. Chi retired from ASIAA in 2007, but continued to be active in his research during his two-year fight with brain cancer. Chi Yuan made his greatest impact with his work on the density-wave theory for spiral arm structures in galaxies, with C.C. Lin and Frank Shu. His early work elucidated the observational tests of density-wave theory, and the effects of magnetic fields in galactic shocks. In the 1980s, Chi Yuan worked on spiral density waves in Saturn's rings. In the past two decades, Chi Yuan concentrated on the problem of barred and spiral structures in the nuclei of galaxies, with their implications for fueling the central supermassive black holes. He also worked on the problem of the migration of giant extrasolar planets in their solar disks. These studies were made possible by his establishment of a program on computational fluid dynamics, which became one of the key initiatives in theory at the ASIAA. Among his academic records, two contributions are particularly notable. First, with Typhoon Lee, Fred Lo, and Frank Shu, Chi Yuan founded the ASIAA in order to stimulate the growth of astronomy in Taiwan. Second, and perhaps his greatest influence, has been his training and mentoring of a great number of students in astrophysics, especially for the last 20 years in Taiwan. Today, astronomy

  10. World Could Pay For Yuan Appreciation


    Debating whether China’s yuan is undervalued is a hot topic of conversation between China and its major trading partners, particularly the United States, which has a large trade deficit with China. Soon after the Second Meeting of the China-U.S. Strategic Economic Dialogue focused on this topic in May, some U.S. senators proposed a bill that is widely recog- nized as aiming to force the acceleration of appreciation of the yuan. But Professor Liu Zhibiao, Dean of the School of Economics of Nanjing University, points out one salient fact: With the increase of foreign invest- ment and rising level of trade openness, China is contributing more and more to the world’s economic growth, with the benefits of this growth being shared by the whole world. Therefore, the cost of sharp appreciation in the value of the Chinese currency will exert impact on the whole world, he says.

  11. Dr Hiroshi Ikukawa Director Planning and Evaluation Division Science and Technology Policy Bureau Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) of Japan and Mr Robert Aymar signed an accord for the CERN.

    Claudia Marcelloni


    Dr Hiroshi Ikukawa Director Planning and Evaluation Division Science and Technology Policy Bureau Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) of Japan and Mr Robert Aymar signed an accord for the CERN.

  12. On official corruption in the Yuan dynasty

    Li Zhi'an


    The vicious cycle of official corruption got worse unprecedent edly in the Yuan dynasty (ca.1279-1368).Corrupt officials at all levels from the local to the central governments were "extremely shameless and greedy."Even many court ministers got involved in the vicious cycle of corruption.The top officialdom was polluted and degenerated badly because the Mongolian nobles made their "Sauqaf" (taking gifts) tradition and the Semu,both official and merchant groups,took bribes as a way to amass wealth.Although the Mongol Yuan rulers did make a set of anti-corruption policies such as detailed rules of censorship and inspection relating to corruption crimes,these didn't work well.Of all the reasons of the Yuan official corruption,the old Mongolian steppe traditions play the most important role,which formed the context for the low salary,improper selection and poor quality of the officials and of bending the law wrongly to pardon official misconduct.

  13. China Institute Proposes Weaker Yuan to Boost Growth


    @@ China should actively guide the yuan's exchange rate to about 6.93 against the dollar to help maintain economic growth and bolster employment, according to a report by the Ministry of Finance's research institute.

  14. CEPA and interrelationship between Chinese yuan and Hong Kong dollar


    In order to explore the interrelated impacts of the economical communications between China and Hong Kong SAR, especially after the closer economic partnership arrangement (CEPA) and the Chinese yuan offshore financial business in Hong Kong banks in 2004, the exchange rates of the Chinese yuan and the Hong Kong dollar are investigated as well-performing market signals that should reflect this historical transformation. With vector autoregressive models (VAR), the Johansen cointegration test and the Granger ...

  15. Can Yuan Appreciation Solve U.S.Problems?

    Chen Wen; Liu Yunyun


    @@ At The Heritage Foundation seminar in Washington,D.C.,a group of American experts on China brainstormed how appreciating the Chinese currency(yuan)can change the high unemployment situation now facing the United States.Beijing Review conducted exclusive interviews with three of the U.S.experts on the yuan issue after the seminar.The experts collectively agreed a trade war would be a zero-sum game for both countries.Edited excerpts follow:

  16. 6.4 Billion Yuan for NSFC Projects in 2008


    @@ NSFC President Prof.Chen Yiyu announced at NSFC's Sixth Plenary Session of the General Assembly that a budget of 53.59 billon yuan,which is an increased of 25% to that of last year,was approved by the government for the fiscal year 2008.In practice,NSFC,based on the demand of national budgeting reform and the development of basic research,will arrange a funding plan of 6.4 billion yuan.

  17. Statistical properties of the yuan exchange rate index

    Wang, Dong-Hua; Yu, Xiao-Wen; Suo, Yuan-Yuan


    We choice the yuan exchange rate index based on a basket of currencies as the effective exchange rate of the yuan and investigate the statistical properties of the yuan exchange rate index after China's exchange rate system reform on the 21st July 2005. After dividing the time series into two parts according to the change in the yuan exchange rate regime in July 2008, we compare the statistical properties of the yuan exchange rate index during these two periods. We find that the distribution of the two return series has the exponential form. We also perform the detrending moving average analysis (DMA) and the multifractal detrending moving average analysis (MFDMA). The two periods possess different degrees of long-range correlations, and the multifractal nature is also unveiled in these two time series. Significant difference is found in the scaling exponents τ(q) and singularity spectra f(α) of the two periods obtained from the MFDMA analysis. Besides, in order to detect the sources of multifractality, shuffling and phase randomization procedures are applied to destroy the long-range temporal correlation and fat-tailed distribution of the yuan exchange rate index respectively. We find that the fat-tailedness plays a critical role in the sources of multifractality in the first period, while the long memory is the major cause in the second period. The results suggest that the change in China's exchange rate regime in July 2008 gives rise to the different multifractal properties of the yuan exchange rate index in these two periods, and thus has an effect on the effective exchange rate of the yuan after the exchange rate reform on the 21st July 2005.

  18. Liu Fang Yuan at The Huntington——An Overview

    (USA)Laurie Sowd


    Liu Fang Yuan is a classical Chinese Garden, the Garden of Flowing Fragrance, a most remarkable project in Huntington. This project was conceived by James Folsom. It is an international business venture, complex construction project, unique China-US collaboration, and center of cultural memory. Inspired by the centuries-old Chinese tradition of private gardens, Liu Fang Yuan combines the scenic beauty of nature with the expressiveness of literature to give deeper meaning to the landscape. True to the authentic nature of a Chinese garden, the design respects the site. It extends to adapting some of the traditional elements of Chinese garden design to meet local needs for seismic safety and wheelchair accessibility. Liu Fang Yuan is the only truly seasonal garden at the Huntington, emphasizing and symbolizing the progression of winter, spring, summer, and autumn. The visitor experiences more than the visual realm. The garden's name, Liu Fang Yuan, has bolh literal and symbolic meanings refer to the scent of flowers and trees, also echoes the name of famed Ming dynasty painter Li Liufang. Liu Fang Yuan is truly a microcosm of The Huntington, bringing together botany, art and literature in a garden that will serve as a place of cultural memory and center for education about one of the great humanities traditions of the world.

  19. A Program That Sold for 60 Million Yuan


    DURING a public bidding recently held by CCTV for one of its programs, the final bid of 65.6 million yuan - 2.3 times its base price, caused a sensation.At a time when TV occupies a dominant position, public bidding for prime-time commercials is common. As the first ever held by CCTV for a single TV pro-

  20. Yuan Longping-An Outstanding Technical Talent in China


    @@Acad. Yuan Longping, Director General of China National Hybrid Rice R & D Center and Honourable President of HAAS, is internationally recognized as the father of hybrid rice. He not only developed three lines for hybrid seed production but also developed the seed production technology. Hybrid rice is now planted on 15 million hectares or so in China, almost 50%of the country's total rice land. It has contributed greatly to the rice production increase in China. Hybrid rice technology is being adopted in other countries such as India , Vietnam,Philippines and Burma.

  1. Paper Money Management in Yuan Dynasty Recorded in Yuan Dianzhang%从《元典章》看元朝纸币管理

    毛良伟; 施继龙; 冯立昇


    In order to study the management system of paper money in Yuan Dynasty recorded in Yuan Dianzhang, we arranged and analyzed the edicts and rules about printing, publishing,and management of paper money released by Yuan government from Yuan Dianzhang, setting-up of the institution for paper money management, the bans of maintaining paper money method,and the management regulations of broken paper money, fake paper money, and altering paper money. This paper combs and summarizes the paper money management systems in Yuan Dynasty recorded in Yuan Dianzhang, which can provide references for later research on paper money in Yuan dynasty.%为探究《元典章》记载的元朝纸币管理制度,整理、分析了《元典章》有关元朝政府印刷、发行、管理纸币的诏令、规定,初步探讨了元朝纸币管理机构的设置、各种维护钞法的禁令以及对昏钞、伪钞、挑钞的管理。通过梳理和研究,总结了《元典章》记载的元朝纸币管理制度的特点,为研究元朝纸币者提供参考。

  2. A 500 Million Yuan of the Aluminum Production Project in Inner Mongolia has been Made


    <正>Jarud Banner,Tongliao,Inner Mongolia has recently signed a cooperation agreement on the aluminum hub production project with Zhejiang Jinfei Kaida Wheel Co.,Ltd.The project will be implemented in two phases with a total investment of 500 million yuan,of which 200 million yuan is for the Phase I project to be put

  3. Evaluation of the Cachazo-He-Yuan gauge amplitude

    Lam, C. S.; Yao, York-Peng


    The Cachazo-He-Yuan (CHY) formula for n -gluon scattering is known to give the same amplitude as the one obtained from Feynman diagrams, though the former contains neither vertices nor propagators explicitly. The equivalence was shown by indirect means, not by a direct evaluation of the (n -3 )-dimensional integral in the CHY formula. The purpose of this paper is to discuss how such a direct evaluation can be carried out. There are two basic difficulties in the calculation: how to handle the large number of terms in the reduced Pfaffian, and how to carry out the integrations in the presence of a σ dependence much more complicated than the Parke-Taylor form found in a CHY double-color scalar amplitude. We have solved both of these problems, and have formulated a method that can be applied to any n . Many examples are provided to illustrate these calculations.

  4. Chinese Yuan after Chinese Exchange Rate System Reform

    Eiji Ogawa; Michiru Sakane


    In this paper, the actual exchange rate policy conducted by the Chinese government after the Chinese exchange rate system reform on 21 July 2005 is investigated. Also, the long-run effect is investigated, including the Balassa-Samuelson effect on the Chinese yuan. It was found that the Chinese government generated a statistically significant but small change in exchange rate policy during the sample period until 25 January 2006. It was not identifted that the Chinese monetary authority is adopting the currency basket system because the change is too small in the economic sense. It is indicated that the Chinese government should take account of the productivity growth of countries composing the currency basket in order to operate a currency basket regime.

  5. The Yuan-Tseh Lee Array for Microwave Background Anisotropy

    Ho, Paul T P; Chang, Chia-Hao; Chang, Shu-Hao; Chang, Su-Wei; Chen, Chung-Cheng; Chen, Ke-Jung; Chen, Ming-Tang; Han, Chih-Chiang; Ho, West M; Huang, Yau-De; Hwang, Yuh-Jing; Ibanez-Romano, Fabiola; Jiang, Homin; Koch, Patrick M; Kubo, Derek Y; Li, Chao-Te; Lim, Jeremy; Lin, Kai-Yang; Liu, Guo-Chin; Lo, Kwok-Yung; Ma, Cheng-Jiun; Martin, Robert N; Martin-Cocher, Pierre; Molnar, Sandor M; Ng, Kin-Wang; Nishioka, Hiroaki; O'Connell, Kevin E; Oshiro, Peter; Patt, Ferdinand; Raffin, Philippe; Umetsu, Keiichi; Wei, Tashun; Wu, Jiun-Huei Proty; Chiueh, Tzi-Dar; Chiueh, Tzihong; Chu, Tah-Hsiung; Huang, Chih-Wei Locutus; Hwang, W Y Pauchy; Liao, Yu-Wei; Lien, Chun-Hsien; Wang, Fu-Cheng; Wang, Huei; Wei, Ray-Ming; Yang, Chia-Hsiang; Kesteven, Michael; Kingsley, Jeff; Sinclair, Malcolm M; Wilson, Warwick; Birkinshaw, Mark; Liang, Haida; Lancaster, Katy; Park, Chan-Gyung; Pen, Ue-Li; Peterson, Jeffrey B


    The Yuan-Tseh Lee Array for Microwave Background Anisotropy (AMiBA) is the first interferometer dedicated to studying the cosmic microwave background (CMB) radiation at 3mm wavelength. The choice of 3mm is to minimize the contributions from foreground synchrotron radiation and Galactic dust emission. The initial configuration of seven 0.6m telescopes mounted on a 6-m hexapod platform, was dedicated in October 2006 on Mauna Loa, Hawaii. Scientific operations began with the detection of a number of clusters of galaxies via the thermal Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effect. We compare our data with Subaru weak lensing data in order to study the structure of dark matter. We also compare our data with X-ray data in order to derive the Hubble constant.

  6. China’s Hongqi Group Invests 500 Million Yuan in Guixi Copper Processing Project


    <正>China’s Hongqi Group recently signed an agreement with Guixi municipality to invest 500 million yuan in developing the copper processing project in Guixi.It is reported that this is the seveth copper processing project with

  7. Qinghai 100 Billion Yuan Lithium Market Attracts Domestic and Overseas Enterprises


    Qinghai,a province whose lithium resource reserve accounts for one third of global total reserve,promises a fertile land of investment for many enterprises in the industry.In 2014,the"Qinghai Province Development Plan of 100 Billion Yuan Grade Lithium Battery Industry"clearly proposed to convert the advantage of Qinghai Province’s lithium battery industry to economic advantage to the maximum degree,construct 100 billion yuan

  8. The Rise of a 100-Billion-Yuan Copper Industry Cluster in Huangshi, Hubei Province


    <正>On 28th,Sep.,Amer(Huangshi)Electronic Information Industrial Park with a total investment of 20 billion Yuan officially broke ground in Huangshi Economic and Technological Development Zone,Hubei,which indicated the rise of a 100-Billion-Yuan Copper Industry Cluster centering on Amer’s Industrial Park project.Amer International Group,a World’s Top 500Company,is a leading global group focusing

  9. PIXE study on Chinese underglaze-red porcelain made in Yuan Dynasty

    CHENG Huan-Sheng; ZHANG Zheng-Quan; LIN Er-Kang; HUANG Yun-Peng


    In China, the firing and glazed red techniques of producing underglaze-red porcelain began early in the Yuan Dynasty (AD1206~ 1368). This paper reports the results of the PIXE analysis of ancient Chinese underglaze-red porcelain produced at Kuan kiln (Jingdezhen, Jiangxi Province) in the Yuan Dynasty. In this work the elemental composition analysis of the obtained samples was carried out using the PIXE facility of a 3 MeV tandem accelerator at Fudan University. The major; minor and trace elements of the clay body, white and red glazes were determined,and details of the results are presented. The obtained data can be used for identification of precious Chinese Yuan underglaze-red porcelain.

  10. Heng Yuan Xiang Released 10/11 A/W Cashmere Collections in Beijing


    On July 9th,Heng Yuan Xiang Corporation released its 10/11 A/W Cashmere Collections for Women’s Wear in Beijing.Nearly 200 brand sagents and franchisers from 16 provinces took part in the press conference,looking for their target series for the coming season.

  11. Heng Yuan Xiang Released 10/11 A/W Cashmere Collections in Beijing

    Wang Ting


    @@ On July 9th,Heng Yuan Xiang Corporation released its 10/11 A/W Cashmere Collections for Women's Wear in Beijing.Nearly 200 brands agents and franchisers from 16 provinces took part in the press conference,looking for their target series for the coming season.

  12. Zhongfu Industry Co., Ltd Plans to Invest an Additional 155 million yuan in Aluminum Processing


    <正>On December 8,Zhongfu Industry Co.,Ltd announced that it planned to authorize its subsidiary Linzhou City Linfeng Aluminum Industry Co.,Ltd to add 155 million yuan investment into Linzhou City Linfeng Aluminum Electric & Aluminum Product Co.,Ltd.

  13. Anhui Tongling Invests 1 Billion Yuan to Set up “Copper Industry Fund”


    <正>On September 12, the signing ceremony for "Anhui Copper Industry Fund" set up by Anhui Tongling Development & Investment Group Co., Ltd. and Shanghai V. Stone Investment Management Co., Ltd. was held in Tongling. The fund is 1 billion yuan.

  14. China Gold Group Invested 2.18 billion Yuan to Buy Gold Mine


    <正>Ministry of Finance recently proclaimed that China Gold Group has invested 2.18 billion Yuan to gain the exploration right on the Yang- shan gold mine in Wen County,Gansu Prov- ince.Yangshan is located at the place where

  15. Shangdong Electrc Power,CNOOC-Shell ink 1.51-billion-yuan contract


    The EPC contract for CNOOC-Shell Petrochemical Complex Project has recently been signed in Huizhou City,Cuangdong Province between Shangdong Electric Power Construction Corporation (SEPCC)and CNOOC-Shell Petrochemical Limited.Under the contract valued at 1.51 billion yuan

  16. CPAFFC Vice President Xie Yuan Mourns over the Death of President Hugo Chavez


    <正>On the morning of March 7, CPAFFC Vice President Xie Yuan went to the Embassy of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela in China to mourn over the passing away of Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez on behalf of the CPAFFC. He presented the letter of condolence from President Li Xiaolin to Ambassador Rocio Maneiro

  17. 380-million-yuan Refined Leadand Copper Project Launched in Kashi City


    <正>On June 30,Chengdu Linpeng Co., cided to invest 380 million yuan in an refined lead and copper project in Kashi City.As a large mining development company,Chengdu Linpeng Co.,Ltd has discovered a huge poten-

  18. Chongqing Clothing Enterprises Grasp 1.3-billion-yuan Orders


    @@ The Fashion Festival of Chongqing held on Sep. 25th provides the city with a platform for international communication, bringing business opportunities. At the negotiation meeting & the signing ceremony among the firms processing export garment, the signed 1.3-billion-yuan orders attracted people's attention.

  19. Chongqing Clothing Enterprises Grasp 1.3-billion-yuan Orders


    The Fashion Festival of Chongqing held on Sep. 25th provides the city with a platform for international communication, bringing business opportunities. At the negotiation meeting & the signing ceremony among the firms processing export garment, the signed 1.3-billion-yuan orders attracted people’s attention.

  20. Aluminum Production Cost Drops to 375 Yuan/Tonne After On-Grid Power Tariff Cut


    Following the cut of coal-fired on-grid power tariff in April 2015,in 2016 the coal-fired ongrid power tariff experienced another cut.The average nationwide cut was about0.03yuan/k Wh,the reduced amount will be used to lower general industrial and commercial electricity sales price by the same

  1. Qijiang Plans to Build 50 Billion Yuan Industrial Cluster for Transport-use Aluminum


    The reporter learned from the China International Transport-use Aluminum Forum2015 that 5 years later Qijiang District is expected to develop transport-use aluminum industrial cluster with annual output of 50billion yuan.According to statistics,last year 1 in every 9automobile OEM manufacturers nationwide

  2. The Administrative System in Tibet during the Tang and Yuan Dynasties

    TangJia-hong; WangXiaohui


    China's Tang Dynasty (618-907) and Yuan dynasty (1279-1368) were of epoch-making importance in the formation and development of the Tibetan ethnic group. Numerous ethnic tribes began to unite, and the process of evolution from a tribal to a political society was basically completed over the span of the two dynasties.

  3. Chinalco Plans to Invest 6 Billion Yuan in Guizhou in 2012


    <正>According to Xiong Weiping,President of Chinalco,Chinalco plans to invest 6 billion yuan in Guizhou this year;it will step up aluminum industrial base projects and co-generation projects in Guiyang and Zunyi,take strong measures to support deep processing of aluminumin Guizhou,extend the industry chain,and

  4. Arsitektur Cina pada Klenteng Jin De Yuan di Kawasan Pecinan Jakarta Sebagai Suatu Perwujudan Akulturasi Kebudayaan

    Polniwati Salim


    Full Text Available Cultural acculturation can be seen from various aspects, where the fusion of two cultural elements will not remove the could go to Indonesia and was applied to the temples in Indonesia, but still did not leave the cultural elements of Indonesia. Temple Jin De Yuan was one of the many temples in Jakarta, especially in the area of Chinatown, an area in terms of population, form of shelter, social order and the atmosphere of the environment had historically rooted characteristic of cultured Chinese people which was very thick with the architecture Chinese. Article presents how the application of Chinese architecture as a manifestation of Chinese culture and acculturation Indonesia in the temple Jin De Yuan can increase the cultural treasury of Indonesia. The research applied qualitative method and also library research.

  5. Academician Yuan Longping was Awarded “the Nobel Prize of Asia”


    @@Academician Yuan Longping, father of hybrid rice, was lately awarded the Magsaysay Prize named after the third Philippine president Ramon F. Magsaysay. The Prize was founded in 1957 which has been known as “the Nobel Prize of Asia”. Prof Yuan received the honor for his great ontributions to hybrid rice research and Asian food security. Hybrid rice yielded about 0.4 billion ton in the past twenty years in Chiha, and has been introduced into 20 countries in Asia, Afica and America and successfully popularized in India and Viemam on a large scale, signifing a great scientific creation in solving the problem of world grain shortage. The awarding ceremony was held on Aug. 31, 2001 in Manila, Phillippines.

  6. Chongqing Hechuan District Plans to Build 10 Billion Yuan Size Aluminum Industry Park


    Recently,the reporter learned from Chongqing Hechuan District Aluminum Industry Integration Enterprise Discussion Meeting that Hechuan District would build aluminum industrial park at Caojie Development Park,and strive to fulfill 10 billion yuan output value within 3 to 5 years.It has been learned that Hechuan District currently has 29 aluminum product enterprises(including enterprises with aluminum and aluminum products as raw material),in which 9

  7. Research on Remote Sensing recognition features of Yuan Yang Terraces in Yunnan Province (China)

    Xiang, Jie; Chen, Jianping; Lai, ZiLi; Yang, Wei


    Yuan Yang terraces is one of the most famous terraces in China, and it was successfully listed in the world heritage list at the 37th world heritage convention. On the one hand, Yuan Yang terraces retain more soil and water, to reduce both hydrological connectivity and erosion, and to support irrigation. On the other hand, It has the important tourism value, bring the huge revenue to local residents. In order to protect and make use of Yuan Yang terraces better, This study analyzed the spatial distribution and spectral characteristics of terraces:(1) Through visual interpretation, the study recognized the terraces based on the spatial adjusted remote sensing image (2010 Geoeye-1 with resolution of 1m/pix), and extracted topographic feature (elevation, slope, aspect, etc.) based on the digital elevation model with resolution of 20m/pix. The terraces cover a total area of about 11.58Km2, accounted for 24.4% of the whole study area. The terraces appear at range from 1400m to 1800m in elevation, 10°to 20°in slope, northwest to northeast in aspect; (2) Using the method of weight of evidence, this study assessed the importance of different topographic feature. The results show that the sort of importance: elevation>slope>aspect; (3) The study counted the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) changes of terraces throughout the year, based on the landsat-5 image with resolution of 30m/pix. The results show that the changes of terraces' NDVI are bigger than other stuff (e.g. forest, road, house, etc.). Those work made a good preparations for establishing the dynamic remote sensing monitoring system of Yuan Yang terraces.

  8. 元杂剧媒妁形象管窥%Yuan Dramas Matchmakers: A Discussion



    There are many matchmaker figures in Yuan Dramas, either being aimed at getting benefit or helping someone to fulfill his wishes, Matchmakers always play an important part in Chinese traditional marriages. Through the analysis of the matcher figures in Yuan Drama, we can better know the function of matcher, understanding the matchmaker culture and the concept of marital etiquette and custom in Yuan dynasty.%元杂剧中有丰富多样的媒妁形象,无论是以牟取经济利益为中心的职业官媒,还是以成人之美为出发点的非职业媒妁,他们在中国传统婚姻中都扮演着重要角色。通过对元杂剧中媒妁形象的探析,能更好地认识媒妁在元杂剧中的作用,了解元代媒妁文化及元代的婚姻礼俗观念。

  9. Double soft limit of the graviton amplitude from the Cachazo-He-Yuan formalism

    Saha, Arnab Priya


    We present a complete analysis for double soft limit of graviton scattering amplitude using the formalism proposed by Cachazo, He, and Yuan. Our results agree with that obtained via Britto-Cachazo-Feng-Witten (BCFW) recursion relations in [T. Klose, T. McLoughlin, D. Nandan, J. Plefka, and G. Travaglini, Double-soft limits of gluons and gravitons, J. High Energy Phys. 07 (2015) 135., 10.1007/JHEP07(2015)135]. In addition we find precise relations between degenerate and nondegenerate solutions of scattering equations with local and nonlocal terms in the soft factor.

  10. The yuan-dollar parity and its effects on Mexico's exports of manufacturing goods

    Víctor Manuel Cuevas Ahumada


    Full Text Available This paper evaluates the impact of Chinese exchange rate policy on Mexican manufacturing exports in the US market. To that end, an amplified export function which combines demandand supply-side variables is estimated. The empirical evidence shows that, in the long run, a real depreciation of the yuan visà- vis the US dollar reduces Mexican manufacturing sales in the US. The econometric work also suggests that lowering unit labor costs, perhaps by means of a comprehensive and coherent training policy package, could serve the purpose of offsetting the negative effects of an undervalued Chinese currency.

  11. Chinalco Sold Assets to Withdraw 2 Billion Yuan Capital, Paving the Way For Injecting New Businesses


    With only a little over one month left for 2015,looking back at this year’s aluminum price,it can be argued that it has reached the bottom.Since June this year,aluminum price began to fall,and showed no sign of stop in falling,by the time of the traditional peak season,market performance was still inactive,in October aluminum price picked up speed in falling,by November aluminum price has dropped below10000 yuan per tonne.

  12. Study on the Kind and Character of Mongol Hats in Yuan Dynasty

    JIA Xi-zeng


    In the thirteenth century the Mongols created a vast, transcontinental empire that intensified cultural, art,craftwork, garment and commercial contact throughout Eurasia. Hats were so indispensable parts of formal Mongol dress that were seen as a symbol of Mongol traditional garment. Roughly Mongolian men's headgear can be divided into two groups, which are Li and Mao. In addition,Mongolian women's Gu-gu-gwan, a kind of bonnet, was the head-dress for the empress, concubines of the emperor, and wife of high ranking ministers. This study, based on the analysis of image resources and existing evidence, discusses the hats of Yuan period in the context of its group, origin, decoration and cultural influences.

  13. Part Ⅰ Clinical Acupuncture Lecture Twenty-Seven Rhinorrhea (Nasosinusitis,"Bi Yuan") with Turbid Discharge

    SHANG Xiukui; GUO Ling; DONG Hongying


    @@ In traditional Chinese medicine, "Bi Yuan"(rhinorrhea 鼻渊 ), also known as Nao Lou ( nasosinusitis with purulent discharge), is mainly characterized by turbid nasal discharge. It is often divided into two types, namely excess syndrome and deficiency syndrome. The excess syndrome results from the flaring-up of the stagnant lung-heat affecting the nose due to chronic common cold, or from the upward attack of the excessive fire from the liver and gallbladder. The deficiency syndrome is usually caused by hypofunction of the lung in dispersing and descending actions and the spleen in transportation and transformation of the water and dampness. Excess type rhinorrhea should be treated by removing heat, eliminating dampness and dredging the orifices, while deficiency type rhinorrhea treated by warming the lung, strengthening the spleen,dispelling cold and eliminatingdampness. It has been proved that excess type rhinorrhea can be treated effectively with acupuncture.

  14. Shandong Plans to Cultivate Two Aluminum Industry Groups with Sales Income Topping 100 billion yuan Within Three Years


    Recently,Shandong Province unveiled"Nonferrous Industry Transition and Upgrading Plan",which proposed that by 2017 it would cultivate 2 ultra large aluminum industry groups with sales income topping 100 billion yuan,aluminum capacity will be reduced to 9million tonnes;before 2020 it will no longer add new capacity.

  15. Analysis of Sima Qian's Criticism of Qu Yuan's "Li Sao"%司马迁屈骚批评析义



    司马迁与屈原均以宏文名垂千古,但屈原之“志”为“存君兴国”,即通过君王来实现其“美政”理想,把楚国的事情办好;司马迁之“志”是撰著《史记》,以期名垂后世。屈原“无我”,司马迁“为我”;屈原无心插柳柳成荫,司马迁则是有意栽花花盛开。%Sima Qian and Qu Yuan go down in history for their master pieces. But Qu Yuan's "ambition" is "save your country", namely by the emperor to realize the ideal of "beautifying politics" of the Chu state affairs; Sima Qian's "ambition" is writing"historical records" in order to leave a name in history. Qu Yuan holds on the idea of"without me",while Sima Qian holds "for me"; Qu Yuan becomes famous without intention but Sima Qian intends to be well known.

  16. 125 million Yuan has been In-vested in the Aluminium Fluoride Project in Mianchi County,He-nan Province


    <正>In May this year,Orient Shaoxing Salt Fluoride Co.,Ltd.under China Nonferrous Metals Min- ing Co.,Ltd.launched its 60,000-ton dry- process aluminium fluoride project.Currently, a total of 125 million Yuan has been invested in this project.It is reported that the project,lo-

  17. Jiaozuo Wanfang to Investment 1 Billion Yuan in Chalco Xinjiang for a Coal-fired Electricity Aluminum Integrated Project


    <正>On March 16,Jiaozuo Wanfang Aluminum Co.,Ltd.announced that the company together with its controlling shareholder Aluminum Corporation of China(Chalco) will jointly inject 2,848 million yuan into Chinalco Xinjiang Aluminum & Power("Chalco Xinjiang" for

  18. CSCEC and Chinalco Joined Hands to Invest 5 Billion Yuan for Making Deployment in Building New Materials


    CSCEC-Chinalco New Material Co.,Ltd,a company jointly invested by China State Construction Engineering Corporation(CSCEC)and Chinalco,was inaugurated in Chengdu,Sichuan,on December 15,CSCECChinalco will invest nearly 5 billion yuan capital in the next five years to makedeployment in the building new materials

  19. Shandong XinfaPlans to Invest 70 billion Yuan to Develop CoalPower-Aluminum Project in Zunyi


    <正>DOn April 18, Shandong Xinfa Group and Zunyi People’s Government formally signed a framework cooperation agreement for coalpower-aluminum integrated project, planning to invest 70 billion yuan to concentrate on building North Guizhou coal-power-aluminum integrated resource downstream processing base.

  20. Xinjiang Hongze Mining Invests 1 billion-1.2 billion yuan in a 20,000-ton Copper Mining Project


    <正>Xinjiang Hongze Mining Co.,Ltd.plans to invest 1 billion-1.2 billion yuan in a 20,000-ton copper mining project in Wuqia County.So far, it has completed registration,and completed consolidation of 7 mining rights of copper,lead

  1. Retrospect and Prospect: Research on Yuan Ye%《园冶》研究的回顾与展望

    张大鹏; 张薇


    《园冶》被称为世界上最古老的造园名著,内涵丰富,极具研究价值.通过在主要搜索网站和期刊数据库中进行检索,发现近代以来,《园冶》研究文献包括17本著作和155篇论文.首先梳理分析研究成果,总结出《园冶》研究历经起步奠基、渐进发展和纵深发展3个阶段;继而从《园冶》注释及商榷、园林美学、造园理论、技艺和实践以及《园冶》文化等方面归纳主要学术观点,理清《园冶》研究发展脉络,洞悉研究态势;最后分析目前研究中存在的问题,以及提出进一步研究的展望,以期明确《园冶》更为丰富的时代意义.%Yuan Ye is the world's most ancient monograph about landscape architecture with rich meaning and full of value for research. The author made a search in major search websites and journals database and found that there are 17 works and 155 papers in Yuan Ye academic research area since modern times. Firstly, through a review of the relevant research findings, this paper summarized Yuan Ye research has gone through 3 stages which are initial and founding stage, progressive development stage and deepening development stage. Then, from the aspects of comments and discussion, garden aesthetics, theory, skill and practice of landscape architecture, culture of Yuan Ye and so on, the author concluded main academic viewpoints, clarified the development context of Yuan Ye research and thoroughly understood the present research situation. In the end, by analyzing the existing problems in present research, this paper made a prospect about the future research in order to explore the great time significance of Yuan Ye.

  2. 日本近代写实主义传统的突破--论野间宏《骰子的天空》中的“新写实主义”%A Breakthrough in the Tradition of Japanese Modern Realism--Research on the“New Realism”Expressed in the Novel Saikorono Sora Written by Noma Hiroshi

    莫琼莎; 赵峻


    日本“战后派”作家野间宏借鉴以巴尔扎克为代表的近代欧洲的小说理论和小说实践,结合日本战后证券社会的现实创作出独特的长篇小说--《骰子的天空》,野间宏突破了日本近代以来既有的小说概念,在变革小说形式的同时,创造出了具有“新写实主义”风格的小说世界。本论文从“新写实主义”在野间宏“全体小说”创作中的作用、“新写实主义”与日本近代写实主义传统间的传承和突破、“新写实主义”与日本无产阶级文学的“现实主义”之间的区别等方面全面分析了具有野间宏特色的写实主义小说创作特点。%Noma Hiroshi, the famous Japanese post-war author, wrote the unique novel SaikoronoSora, or“Dice Sky”, using the modern European novel theory mainly created by Balzac. In SaikoronoSora, Noma Hiroshi made a breakthrough in traditional Japanese modern realism and built a new novel world of“New Modern Realism”. The paper tries to point out the characteristics of this“New Modern Realism”from three aspects:the effect of“New Modern Realism”in Noma Hiroshi’s“Total Novel”works;the relationship between“New Modern Realism”and Japanese traditional modern realism;and the difference between“New Modern Realism”and the realism expressed in Japanese Proletarian Literature.

  3. The Cultural Implication of the Naming Arts in the Yuan Drama%论元杂剧人物命名的民族文化意蕴



    对元代杂剧人物命名爬梳整理,挖掘其中蕴藏的文化内涵,探讨杂剧人名折射出的元代社会制度、思想文化、时代心理和民族特点。%This article has made some analysis of the naming arts in the Yuan Drama, in order to excavate the social system, the ideology culture, the era psychology, the national characteristic of Yuan dynasty though the naming arts in the Yuan Drama.

  4. Role of Möbius constants and scattering functions in Cachazo-He-Yuan scalar amplitudes

    Lam, C. S.; Yao, York-Peng


    The integration over the Möbius variables leading to the Cachazo-He-Yuan double-color n -point massless scalar amplitude are carried out one integral at a time. Möbius invariance dictates the final amplitude to be independent of the three Möbius constants σr,σs,σt, but their choice affects integrations and the intermediate results. The effect of the Möbius constants, which will be held finite but otherwise arbitrary, the two sets of colors, and the scattering functions on each integration is investigated. A general systematic way to carry out the n -3 integrations is explained, each exposing one of the n -3 propagators of a single Feynman diagram. Two detailed examples are shown to illustrate the procedure, one a five-point amplitude, and the other a nine-point amplitude. Our procedure does not generate intermediate spurious poles, in contrast to what is common by choosing Möbius constants at 0, 1, and ∞ .

  5. Development of digital sideband separating down-conversion for Yuan-Tseh Lee Array

    Li, Chao-Te; Kubo, Derek; Cheng, Jen-Chieh; Kuroda, John; Srinivasan, Ranjani; Ho, Solomon; Guzzino, Kim; Chen, Ming-Tang


    This report presents a down-conversion method involving digital sideband separation for the Yuan-Tseh Lee Array (YTLA) to double the processing bandwidth. The receiver consists of a MMIC HEMT LNA front end operating at a wavelength of 3 mm, and sub-harmonic mixers that output signals at intermediate frequencies (IFs) of 2-18 GHz. The sideband separation scheme involves an analog 90° hybrid followed by two mixers that provide down-conversion of the IF signal to a pair of in-phase (I) and quadrature (Q) signals in baseband. The I and Q baseband signals are digitized using 5 Giga sample per second (Gsps) analog-to-digital converters (ADCs). A second hybrid is digitally implemented using field-programmable gate arrays (FPGAs) to produce two sidebands, each with a bandwidth of 1.6 GHz. The 2 x 1.6 GHz band can be tuned to cover any 3.6 GHz window within the aforementioned IF range of the array. Sideband rejection ratios (SRRs) above 20 dB can be obtained across the 3.6 GHz bandwidth by equalizing the power and delay between the I and Q baseband signals. Furthermore, SRRs above 30 dB can be achieved when calibration is applied.

  6. Chondroprotective Effects and Multitarget Mechanisms of Fu Yuan Capsule in a Rat Osteoarthritis Model

    Zeng, Li; Xiao, Cai Zhi; Deng, Zi Ting


    Fu Yuan Capsule (FYC) has been clinically used for osteoarthritis (OA) and its related diseases for many years in China. However, its pharmacological mechanism remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the potential chondroprotective effects of FYC on articular cartilage. Rat OA model was induced by anterior cruciate ligament transection. A group of rats was treated with FYC for 12 weeks. Joint structure, types I and II collagen, and proteoglycan were evaluated by histological examination. The expression of C-terminal crosslinking telopeptide of type II collagen, hydroxyproline, a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin motifs, matrix metalloproteinase, interleukin-1 beta, nitric oxide, prostaglandin E2, heat-shock protein 70, transforming growth factor-beta, osteoprotegerin, and receptor activator of nuclear factor κB ligand were detected. Treatment with FYC could protect against articular cartilage injury. FYC treatment significantly decreased the extracellular matrix degradation factors and inflammatory mediators. Moreover, articular cartilage protective factors were increased in the FYC group. The current finding suggests that FYC protects articular cartilage in a rat OA model through various ways. Thus, it may be an effective agent for OA treatment. PMID:28167976

  7. As the Yuan Dynasty Tibetan Buddhism Sakya%简论元代藏传佛教萨迦派


    元代是西藏历史发生重大变化的一个阶段,萨迦派由于得到元朝皇室的扶植,掌握了西藏地方的行政权力,获得了特别的政治和宗教地位,使得萨迦派在宗教教理、文化、建筑、艺术等方面都有重要的建树,巩固了在藏传佛教中的重要地位。%The Yuan dynasty is a significant change of Tibetan history stage, sakya propped up by the yuan dynasty royal, mastered the Tibet local administrative power and the special political and religious status, makes the sakya in religious teachings, culture, architecture, art, etc, are important, sakya was cemented in the important position of Tibetan Buddhism.

  8. Application of the Ritual Banquet Empresses in Mongolia and Yuan Dynasty%蒙元后妃宴礼探析

    张楠; 贾陈亮


    The ritual banquet of Mongolia and Yuan Dynasty is complicated, after the founding of the Yuan Dynasty, although formulate a ritual banquet which refers the system of Song Dynasty and Jin Dynasty and the Mongols' Customs, mongolian often according to the older customs at the banquet. The ritual banquet has a lot of characters by comparison with The previous dynasties, empresses attend and sponsor many banquets sat court and study their ritual at ritual banquet, which is of value to know their important roles in the political life and represent the heritage and development of the ritual banquet of Mongolia and Yuan Dynasty .%蒙元时期宴礼错综复杂,元朝建立后虽采择宋金遗制、参酌国俗制定了一套宴仪,但蒙古人饮宴仍多按旧俗。宴礼较前代颇具特色,其中后妃多参与并主办多种宫廷宴会,考察后妃在宴会中的礼仪,对我们了解蒙元后妃在政治生活中的重要角色有一定的价值,且能再现蒙元宴礼的传承与发展。

  9. Jiangxi Copper Co.,Ltd Invested 268 Million Yuan to Expand the Capacity of High-Grade Copper Foil Production to 5000 ton/year


    <正>At the end of 2008, Jiangxi Copper Co.,Ltd reviewed and approved the"Proposal on In- vesting 268 Million Yuan to Jiangxi Copper- Yates Foil Inc for Technical Upgrade and Phase-two Expansion of Capacity."

  10. Two Questions in "Studies in the Ancient History of Japan" of Hiroshi Ikeuchi%关于《日本上古史研究--日鲜关系与日本书纪》中存在的两个问题



    As a famous historian and Oriental history scholar in modern Japan, Ikeuchi Hiroshi made great achievements in his life, especially in the fields of Manchu history and Korean history. He is the pioneer who studied Japanese history and Oriental history through new methods of historical research in Europe and America. His ideas of ' doubt ' and ' distinguishment ' towards historical materials in "Studies in the Ancient History of Japan" provided guides for historical research. However, there were some questions in the book as well, because of the times ' and personal limitations. For example, both "Nihon Shoki" and the national power of Japan in fourth century lacked enough textual research on annals.%日本近代著名的历史学家、东洋史学家池内宏在《日本上古史研究---日鲜关系与日本书纪》中体现出的对史料的质疑与辨伪的思想,对史学研究具有重要的指导作用。但由于时代及个人局限,书中同样存在一些问题。如对《日本书纪》中纪年考辨不足,对四世纪日本国力考辨不足等。

  11. [Xi yuan lu (Records for Washing Away of Wrong Cases) and justice tests in the Republic of China in the context of western knowledge].

    Long, Wei


    Xi yuan lu (Records for Washing Away of Wrong Cases) has become the important criterion and authority of the criminal justice tests in the proceedings of case and judicatory judgment, since it was issued royally and officially in the reign of Kangxi Emperor of the Qing Dynasty. However, the Xi yuan lu and its traditional tests was subjected to strong criticism after the introduction of modern science. Especially since the May 4(th) New Culture Movement, not only the theory in the Xi yuan lu had been met with incredulity and condemned sharply through western chemical tests by the intelligentsia, but also the traditional methods of justice tests based on the book was fully criticized. Though the Xi yuan lu has fallen down from the altar, the traditional methods in the book still were used in practice in China during 1930s--1940s because the scientific system of forensic medicine was not established yet. Xi yuan lu, though fallen yet not defeated, reveals its deep-rooted life. The modern fate of the Xi yuan lu was not only the direct result of different historical conversation in the different periods of modern time, but also a true picture of modern China.

  12. Research on County Dianshi in the Yuan Dynasty%元代县典史考述



    县典史的设置是元朝强化县级衙门中首领吏员职责的表现。县典史全面介入县级政务,是县级政权运作的重要环节。县典史员额南北异制,与诸县等第划分标准的南北异制密切相关。县典史的选任与迁转,横跨不同类别的衙署。县典史的选任呈现出日趋严格、规范的趋势。江南地区县典史的选任与迁转多是在行省范围内进行。县典史的出职入流有着制度上的明确规定。县典史贪腐加剧了县级政权的腐败。%The setup of county Dianshi in the Yuan Dynasty reflected the fact that the function of chief clerks in county had been strengthened by the central government.County Dianshi involved in county affairs comprehensively and become an important part of the operation of county government.The vary number of county Dianshi from north to south,which is closely related to the division standard of county’s grade.The selection and promotion of county Dianshi were been stretched across different Yamen, meanwhile its selection showed a rising trend on strictness and specification.The selection and promotion of county Dianshi in Jiang-nan region carry out within province roughly.The appointment and office of county Dianshi must follow the specific rules.Their cor-ruption aggravated the corruption of county government.

  13. 从王元翰诗四首探其与东林党之关系%Study on Relationship of WANG Yuan-han with Donglin Faction from the Four Poems of WANG Yuan-han



    WANG Yuan-han upheld the supervisor spirit, so that he agreed with Donglin faction�s political stance, and regarded Donglin faction members as fellow, and thought Donglin faction could save people and pinned the hope of changing political reality. No matter whether there is consciousness and in court or not, WANG Yuan-han connected with Donglin faction spiritually consciously or unconsciously, and then WANG Yuan-han was impeached to leave the court and was no longer reused, who had a close relation with Donglin faction , from which we can see his political quality as well as the status of fighting in court from Wanli period to the early years of the Tianqi period in Ming Dynasty.%王元翰所秉持的言官精神,使其赞同东林党的政治立场,并引东林党人为同道,视东林党人为“救时”之辈,在他们身上寄托了改变现实政治的希望。无论是否有自觉意识,无论在朝在野,王元翰与东林党人都有自觉和不自学的精神联系,而王元翰被劾辞朝以及后来起复不果,亦皆与东林党有关,由此可观其个人的政治品质以及从万历后期至天启初年朝中党争的状况。

  14. The Cognition on Vertigo of CHEN Xiu-yuan%论陈修园对眩晕的认识



    The article mainly discuss the cognition of famous Qing dynasty doctor CHEN Xiu-yuan on pathological mechanism, diagnosis and therapy of vertigo. It think that CHEN Xiu-yuan pointed out that the core pathological mechanism of vertigo is on reversed flow of Qi of JiuYin; It must attach important to pulse diagnosis and had better select and use famous prescriptions.AH that afford a good reference to afterword.%文章主要探讨清代医家陈修园对于眩晕病机、诊疗等方面的认识.分析认为陈修园提出了眩晕的病机核心在于厥阴气逆,在诊法上重视脉诊,提纲挈领,辨证清晰,治疗上则多选名方加减,为后世治疗眩晕提供了很好的借鉴.

  15. Gold-weaving Fabric and Its Popularity in the Mongol-yuan Period%织金锦及其在蒙元时期的流行

    苏轩; 杨小明


    介绍了织金锦纳石失和金缎子,比较分析了两种织金锦的异同和在蒙元时期的流行情况,以及从蒙元时期古代墓葬中出土的织金、印金织物,总结了纳石失等织金织物在蒙元时期流行并达到鼎盛的原因。%It introduced nasish gold satin, compared and analyzed two types of gold-weaving fabrics and the situation of the popu- larity in the Mongol-yuan period, as well as the gold-weaving fabric and gold-plated fabric unearthed from ancient tombs in the Mon- gol-yuan period, summarized the reasons why gold-weaving fabric such as nasish was popular in the Mongol-yuan period.

  16. 宋元南戏本事新探%On the Original Story of Song and Yuan South Drama



    宋元南戏剧本多已佚失不存,仅存散出或只言片语见于明清各曲选、曲谱中,一鳞半爪,难窥全豹。因此,资料的欠缺,一直是制约宋元南戏研究发展的瓶颈。近年来,有关宋元南戏本事方面的研究亦多据成说,少有进展。本文沿用前辈学者的治学路径和方法,充分运用各种文献材料,在重新探索宋元南戏4种存目本事的基础上,得出如下结论:《郑琼英》不是独立剧目,而是元南戏《宋子京鹧鸪天》中的女主角;南戏《杨曼卿》本事出《绿窗新话·杨生私通孙玉娘》;南戏《借烛寻珠》事本《绿窗新话·何会娘通张彦卿》;《子母冤家》戏文是据元杂剧《崔府君断冤家债主》改编而成。%Song and Yuan south drama scripts had mostly been lost or had only a word or two in music score of operas of Ming and Qing Dynasties,hardly to see the whole.Therefore,the research made little progress on the Song play in re-cent years.Following the previous academic path and methods,the author tries to explore the four original stories of the Southern Drama in the Song and Yuan Dynasties.The Zheng Qiongying is not an independent repertoire,but the hero-ine of the Song Zijing Partridge Sky ;the original Story of Yang Manqing is from Lv Chuang Xin Hua ;the original Story of Jie Zhu Xun Zhu is from He Huiniang Fornicate with Yanqing Zhang,Lv Chuang Xin Hua , Zimu Yuanjia should be adapted works of the Yuan Zaju Cuifujun Duan Yuanjiazaizhu .

  17. 元稹“忍情论”新议%On the View of Refraining from Romance by Yuan Zhen



    《莺莺传》中元稹何以大发"忍情论",自陈寅恪先生开始,猜测者甚众,可惜都有所偏差失误。该文结合唐时的社会风气与社会性别意识,从纵欲、尚情、忍情三个方面分析认定:"忍情论"乃是元稹在遭逢制举试之时,巧妙地利用了当时的性别意识形态,刻意造就"翻版红颜祸水论"以迎合当权者的心理。%Ever since Mr.Chen Yinke made a comment,there are a lot of guesses on why Yuan Zhen held a view of refraining from romance in The Biography of YingYing.But there are great discrepancies among them.This paper combines social conduct with social ideology of Tang Dynasty,exploring and analyzing in three ways such as overindulgence,adoration for affection and abandonment of romantic relationship to conclude that the view of refraining from romance was specifically made as another edition of "the fall of kingdoms to Helen of Troy",using the social gender consciousness of that time by Yuan Zhen when he met with the examination to ZhiJu to cater to those in power.

  18. 元代多族士人的同僚關係--以翰林院與奎章閣中心%On Yuan Dynasty Multiethnic Literati’s Fellowship in Office:a Discussinon Centering on the Circumstances at the Hanlin-Yuan Academy and Kuizhang-ge Academy



    The Yuan Dynasty government is a multiethnic bureaucratic apparatus. The“hi-erarchy among the nationalities” created inequality in the division of power and the opportunity of entering bureaucratic circles for the literati-cream of different nationali-ties;and the diversity of governmental organs in rank and nature caused the disparity of ethnic composition among these organs. But at the apparatuses in charge of litera-ture and history, education and book collection, most of the officials came from the Han Nationality. The present paper discusses multiethnic literati’ s fellowship in of-fice by taking the circumstances at the mid Yuan Hardin-yuan Academy (翰林) and Kuizhang-ge Academy (奎章閣學士) as examples. The officials from the Mongols and other minorities established close relations with their colleagues from the Han Nationality and even came into amalgamation with the latter for they all shared the same cultural attainments, axiological viewpoints and ideological interests.

  19. Phylogenetic Analysis of mtDNA from the Ancient Human of Yuan Dynasty in Inner Mongolia in China


    A study of the genetic structure of an ancient human excavated from the Yikeshu site of Yuanshangdu ancient city in Inner Mongolia and the relationships between the ancient population and the extant populations was carried out.Sequences of the control region and coding region of mtDNA from the ancient human were analyzed by using direct sequencing and restriction-fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) methods. Phylogenetic analysis and multidimensional scaling analysis were also performed on the mtDNA data of the ancient population and 12 extant populations. These results show that the ancient individuals of Yikeshu site can be assigned to D, G, B and Z haplogroups that are prevalent in Duars and Mongolians from Inner Mongolia. The ancient population is also closer to Duar and Mongolian populations in genetic distance than other compared populations. This study reveals that the ancient population from Yikeshu site in the Yuan Dynasty shares a common ancestor with Mongolic-speaking Daur and Mongolian tribes.

  20. Triple Linear-array Imaging Geometry Model of ZiYuan-3 Surveying Satellite and its Validation

    TANG Xinming


    Full Text Available The ZiYuan-3 (ZY-3 surveying satellite is the first civilian high-resolution stereo mapping satellite of China. Its objective is oriented to plot the 1:50,000 and 1:25,000 topographic maps. Comparing with foreign commercial mapping satellite imagery, the establishment of our own imaging geometry model is the core technical problem for different products and various applications of ZY-3 surveying satellite. This paper analyses the key problem on precision geometry processing based on the overall design, and proposes the ZY-3 Surveying satellite imaging geometry model with the technology of virtual CCD line-array imaging. In addition, this paper utilizes the first orbit imagery of ZY-3 satellite with coverage of the region of Dalian, and produces forward, backward and nadir cameras calibration products. Different ground control points are selected for the block adjustment experiment, and the Digital Surface Model (DSM, Digital Ortho Map (DOM are generated. The accuracy is validated by check points. It can be seen from the experiment that the planar and vertical accuracy are better than 3 meters and 2 meters, respectively. The experiment demonstrates the effectiveness of ZY-3 surveying satellite imaging geometry model

  1. Some Comments on Essay Creation Theory in Yuan Dynasty%元代文章创作论



    The theories of essay creation in the Yuan dynasty tends to be more meticulous and practical than those in the Ming and Song dynasties.They focused on the basic elements and rules for essay writing,which were discussed from aspects such as topic examination,conception,structure,manner,and even style,mistakes.These explanations greatly influenced the theories of the former and latter seven learned men in the Ming dynasty,the Tand and Song school,and even the prose creation theory of the Tongcheng School in the Qing dynasty.%元代的文章创作理论较之唐宋时期更趋于细致和实用,集中地探讨文章写作的基本要素和规律,从审题、立意、结构、行文乃至风格、文病等诸多方面进行了阐释,对明代的"前后七子""唐宋派",乃至清代的"桐城派"散文理论影响都十分明显。

  2. Identification of kinship and occupant status in Mongolian noble burials of the Yuan Dynasty through a multidisciplinary approach.

    Cui, Yinqiu; Song, Li; Wei, Dong; Pang, Yuhong; Wang, Ning; Ning, Chao; Li, Chunmei; Feng, Binxiao; Tang, Wentao; Li, Hongjie; Ren, Yashan; Zhang, Chunchang; Huang, Yanyi; Hu, Yaowu; Zhou, Hui


    The Yuan Dynasty (AD 1271-1368) was the first dynasty in Chinese history where a minority ethnic group (Mongols) ruled. Few cemeteries containing Mongolian nobles have been found owing to their tradition of keeping burial grounds secret and their lack of historical records. Archaeological excavations at the Shuzhuanglou site in the Hebei province of China led to the discovery of 13 skeletons in six separate tombs. The style of the artefacts and burials indicate the cemetery occupants were Mongol nobles. However, the origin, relationships and status of the chief occupant (M1m) are unclear. To shed light on the identity of the principal occupant and resolve the kin relationships between individuals, a multidisciplinary approach was adopted, combining archaeological information, stable isotope data and molecular genetic data. Analysis of autosomal, mitochondrial and Y-chromosomal DNA show that some of the occupants were related. The available evidence strongly suggests that the principal occupant may have been the Mongol noble Korguz. Our study demonstrates the power of a multidisciplinary approach in elucidating information about the inhabitants of ancient historical sites. © 2014 The Author(s) Published by the Royal Society. All rights reserved.

  3. Quality assessment of ZiYuan-3 multispectral and panchromatic images fusion: applied in Jiangsu coastal wetland area, China

    Wu, Ruijuan; He, Xiufeng; Wang, Jing


    The new launched ZiYuan-3 (ZY-3) satellite with multispectral (MS) bands and a panchromatic (PAN) band has presented a new opportunity to assess image fusion methods for coastal wetland mapping. This study focuses on image fusion quality assessment through both quantitative spectral and spatial quality analysis and object-oriented classification comparison. Various methods for pan-sharpening ZY-3 MS and PAN bands are tested, including generalized intensity-hue-saturation transform (GIHS), à trous wavelet transform (AWT), nonsubsampled contourlet transform (NSCT), and a combination of NSCT with GIHS (NSCT_GIHS). Spectral fidelity and spatial preservation of fused bands are compared with the original MS bands as reference, and spatial information injections of fused bands are compared with the resampled PAN band as reference. The fusion results demonstrate that, on average, the NSCT_GIHS method has the best performance on spectral fidelity and spatial preservation as well as spatial information injection. The near-infrared (NIR) band has the best spatial information injection in terms of entropy and cross-entropy indices, whereas the NIR band has the best spatial preservation in terms of entropy and structure similarity indices. The classification results show that NSCT_GIHS method also obtains the highest overall accuracy (96%) and Kappa coefficient (0.9425); this is in agreement with the quantitative analysis.

  4. 元朝云南行省乡兵新探%A Study of Yuan Dynasty Yunnan Province Township Soldiers



    Yuan dynasty is the first national unification created by ethnic minorities in the history of china,in order to dominate extremely vast territory,Mongolian rely more on foreign troops to make up for the shortage of troops or engage in other tasks,township soldier system formed.Township soldiers have played an important role in the border areas of yunnan.According to many historical records,the township soldiers of Yunnan province gradually revealing the mystery.%元朝是中国历史上由少数民族建立的第一个全国性的大一统王朝,为了统治无比辽阔的疆域,蒙元政府更多的依靠外族军队来弥补兵力不足或从事其他任务,乡兵制度应运而生。在云南边疆地区,乡兵曾起到重要作用,依据许多史料的记载,云南行省乡兵逐渐露出了神秘的面纱。

  5. 《法苑珠林校注》校勘补遗%A Supplement to Collation and Annotation of Fa Yuan Zhu Lin



    Fa Yuan Zhu Lin is one of the most important Buddhist literature. Collation and Annotation of Fa Yuan Zhu Lin publi shed by Zhonghua Book Company, is an excellent book on the collation of ancient books. However, some sentences are misleadi ng due to missing collation. This paper aims at supplementing collation suggestions to seventeen sentences in this book.%《法苑珠林》是研究佛教文化最为重要的文献之一,中华书局出版的《法苑珠林校注》是一部上乘的古籍整理著作,但其中偶有一些词句因为失校而影响文意的正确理解,今提出16条校勘意见,供研究者参考。

  6. 屈原《九歌》神灵的人情之美%Beauty of the Gods Favor in QU Yuan's Jiuge



    QU Yuan created many images of gods in Jiuge. These gods described by QU Yuan were not only the symbol of natural beauty, but the image of different temperament with the characteristics of the people, the human mind, human emotions. Therefore, these images of gods were close to people's real life, everywhere permeated with the human touch.%屈原在《九歌》中塑造了众多的神灵形象。这些神灵在屈原笔F,不仅是自然美的象征,而且形象各异,性情不一,更多的具有了人的特性、人的思想、人的情感。因此,这些神灵形象与人们的现实生活更贴近,处处渗透着人情味。

  7. 螺蛳壳里的道场 解读五维茶室%Cosmos in a Snail Shell Reading Philip F. Yuan's Teahouse Design



    This paper tries to understand the Teahouse designed by the architect Philip F. Yuan from the following perspectives: environmental/spatial relations, material/aura, and philosophical reflections on the dichotomy of the design concept.%文章从环境/空间关系、材料/氛围及挑战哲学二元论的设计理念等三个方面解读袁烽设计的五维茶室。

  8. On the Influence of Operas of the Song Dynasty on Art ofYuan Qu%论词乐及其体制对元曲的影响



    As the special style,on behalf of literary achievements in Yuan dynasty,YuanQu is a kind "music literature"afler Tang and Song dynasties poem,which could be orally singing,and is closely related to the Song Ci poetry.The music of Ci is translated into a tune of YuanQu in a direct way,or redone the new song into the music system of YuanQu,or influences the formation and development of YuanQu music system,all of which get YuanQu rich vitality nutriment.%元曲作为代表元代文学成就的特殊文体,是继唐诗、宋词而兴起的一种可口头和乐歌唱的“音乐文学”,与宋词有着密切关系,并存在或多或少的渊源血亲联系。词乐或以直接转化的方式转化为曲调,或被翻作新曲进入元曲音乐系统,或在体制上影响元曲曲体的形成与发展,使元曲从中获得了极富生命力的滋养。

  9. Reinforcing thinkings of Jin-Yuan Dynasties four eminent physicians%金元四大家补益观

    赵洁; 戴慎


    探究金元时期四大医家刘完素、张从正、李杲、朱丹溪的补益观。在其学术思想影响下,金元四大家的补益观各具特色,又具有共同点。刘完素多发挥《内经》之思想,且在补益的同时重火热之论;张从正则寓补于攻,重视脾胃在补益中的作用;李杲以脾胃为补益之本;朱丹溪重补阴泻火,且在补益的同时注意顾护脾胃。他们在补益时均重视脾胃的重要作用,并反对一味的温补。%To explore the characteristics of reinforcing views of four eminent physicians who are Liu Wan su,Zhang Cong zheng,Li Gao,Zhu Dan xi in Jin-Yuan Dynasties. Under the influence of their academic thought,Liu Wan su, Zhang Cong zheng,Li Gao,Zhu Dan xi have their own characteristics in reinforcing views,but there are common points at the same time. Liu Wan su exerts the thought in the Inner Canon of Medicine and attachs importance to Hot Theory while reinforcing. Zhang Cong zheng apartments reinforcing to attacking and pay att ention to the founction of taste in reinforcing. Li Gao regards rising the founction of taste as the frist. ,Zhu Dan xi values Yin - reinforcing and protecting the founction of taste at the same time. They all value the importance of the founction of taste while reinfor-cing and fight against blind warm-reinforcing.

  10. Festparolado de Chen Yuan


    Estas granda fojo por mi gratuli la oran jubileon de "E1 Popola Cinio". Permesu al mi paroli unue Esperante kaj poste nacilingve por esprimi miajn korajn bondezirojn al la gastoj, venintaj de malproksime por festi kune kun ni la jubileon. Cetere, mi faras tion por montri al la publiko, ke la artefarita lingvo Esperanto estas la plej efika komunikilo, gi povas esprimi cian penson kaj cian senton de la homa socio.

  11. Yuan Goes Global


    Five cities participate in a trial program to settle overseas trade in renminbi, bringing the currency a step closer to becoming global Five of China’s key manufacturing cities will launch services allowing the experimental use of the renminbi for international trade settlements. This move, aimed at reducing risks from exchange rate fluctuations, is a boon for Chinese exporters who already have had their profits squeezed at both ends.

  12. Tu-yuan-ce-fu and Compilation of Encyclopedia in the Tang Dynasty%《兔园策府》与唐代类书的编纂



    类书起源很早,是中国传统文化的产物。唐代修撰类书,始于建国之初,大抵是出于帝王之愿,试图把所有的知识进行分类便于提纲挈领地学习,因而唐代还有不少文人学士所编的类书就因循这样的法则。敦煌本《兔园策府》也是其中之一,它的白文本在唐宋间十分流行,《兔园策府》成书时间在《初学记》前,因而偶句之体例不是自徐坚始,很有可能始自《兔园策府》。%The encyclopedia originated early, is the product of Chinese traditional culture. The encyclopedias com-pilation started at the foundation of Tang Dynasty, which is probably out of the emperor willing to try to put all the knowledge classification facilitates learning focused on the vital. Then the encyclopedias compiled by scholars was procrastinating this rule as well in Tang Dynasty. Tu-yuan-ce-fu ( Encyclopedia Rabbit Garden) of Dunhuang edi-tion is one of them;its full form was very popular among the Tang and Song Dynasties. Tu-yuan-ce-fu was comple-ted before Chu-xue-ji ( The Primary Anthology) . Alternate style was not created by Xu Jian but probably from Tu-yuan-ce-fu.

  13. Tu-yuan-ce-fu and Compilation of Encyclopedia in the Tang Dynasty%《兔园策府》与唐代类书的编纂



    类书起源很早,是中国传统文化的产物。唐代修撰类书,始于建国之初,大抵是出于帝王之愿,试图把所有的知识进行分类便于提纲挈领地学习,因而唐代还有不少文人学士所编的类书就因循这样的法则。敦煌本《兔园策府》也是其中之一,它的白文本在唐宋间十分流行,《兔园策府》成书时间在《初学记》前,因而偶句之体例不是自徐坚始,很有可能始自《兔园策府》。%The encyclopedia originated early, is the product of Chinese traditional culture. The encyclopedias com-pilation started at the foundation of Tang Dynasty, which is probably out of the emperor willing to try to put all the knowledge classification facilitates learning focused on the vital. Then the encyclopedias compiled by scholars was procrastinating this rule as well in Tang Dynasty. Tu-yuan-ce-fu ( Encyclopedia Rabbit Garden) of Dunhuang edi-tion is one of them;its full form was very popular among the Tang and Song Dynasties. Tu-yuan-ce-fu was comple-ted before Chu-xue-ji ( The Primary Anthology) . Alternate style was not created by Xu Jian but probably from Tu-yuan-ce-fu.

  14. 杜诗“原宪”典故探微%An Exploration on the Allusions of Yuan Xian in Du Fu’Poems

    郭院林; 焦霓


    杜诗好用典,而其中“原宪”典故频率较高。通过研究,笔者发现杜甫用此典前期多咏其贫穷,渴求提掖;后期则多咏其超脱,适性自乐。杜诗此典显得笨拙,在于套用过多。原宪典来源依据出自《庄子》而非《论语》,这与唐代推崇道教有关。诗人在唐代道教文化浓厚的环境中,从交友到生活、创作难免受其影响,故而道教文化对其诗作有不少影响。然而诗人对于儒、道思想并没有深入研究。%Du Fu ,the poet of Tang Dynasty likes using allusions in his poems ,in which the allusions of Yuan Xian is used frequently .By studying these poems ,we can find that in his early years ,Du referred Yuan Xian to his destitution and his desire to be promoted .But in his later year ,Du employed Yuan Xian to mean his unworldliness ,comfort and entertainment .The allusion is clumsy and changeable in its meaning .The allusion stems from Chuang Tsu rather than from the Analects of Confucius ,which is due to the prevalence of Taoism in Tang Dynasty .Because of the Taoism environment Du Fu lived in ,his so-cial community and poem creation was heavily influenced by Taoism .On the other hand ,Du Fu did not conduct deep study of Confucianism and Taoism .

  15. 《元曲选》宾白特殊代词刍议%On Special Pronouns in the Spoken Parts of Yuan Drama Selection



    The spoken parts of Yuan Drama Selection are corpus reflecting language features in the Yuan Dynasty and Ming Dynasty, the spoken parts of Yuan Drama Selection contains four special pronouns that consist of suffix de, for instance, wu de, shen de, zen de and nen de. Functions of these pronouns are analyzed using qualitative methods, and then the number of features in these pronouns are counted by quantitative method. wu de and nen de are demonstrative pronoun, they have complementary function, frequency of use is one high and one low, shen de and zen de are interrogative pronoun, they don't have complementary function, frequency of use is not much different.%《元曲选》宾白作为反映元明时代语言特点的语料,有四个由词尾"的"构成的特殊代词"兀的""甚的""怎的"与"恁的". 采用定性的方法分析《元曲选》宾白特殊代词"兀的""甚的""怎的"与"恁的"的功能,再结合定量的方法统计《元曲选》宾白中这四个代词每一种功能出现的次数,"兀的""恁的"是指示代词,句法功能具有互补性,使用频率一高一低;"甚的""怎的"是疑问代词,句法功能没有互补性,使用频率比较接近.

  16. Half is Life and Half is Play---Discussion of Yuan's Novel Writing%半是人生半是戏--论阿袁的小说创作



    Yuan,a female novelist of new realism from Jiangxi,with her unique literary style,steps into the literary world. As a woman in her forties,Yuan has experienced with and formed insights over the sadness of mid-dle - aged women,which sets base for her telling stories one after another in a dismal tone of those women who are stuck in whirlpool of romance and marriage. On the stage set by Yuan with cold eyes,tragedies are performed one after another by women,both academic well - educated women and young women from small towns. Under the so-cial ideology of male sovereign,female's so - called revolution for self - liberation has just become a tragedy of the desire;in the " city of mirror" which is built with men and women,it is vain for women to break the siege;women 's fate is doomed to be sad in the narrative arrangement of the amplified the " second sex" by Yuan.%江西新写实主义女作家阿袁以其独特的文学风格跻身文坛,进入不惑之年的她以对女性暮春悲凉的深刻洞察和感受,凄迷地诉说了一个个在爱情和婚姻的漩涡中打转的女性的故事,不管是学院派的知识女性还是小城镇的青年女子,在作家冷眼搭建的戏台上,演绎了一段段悲情人生。在男性主权的社会意识形态下,女性所谓自我解放的革命只不过成为一场欲望的悲剧;在男男女女围筑成的“镜城”中,女性在围困中的突破只能是徒劳;在作家放大的“第二性”的叙事安排下,女性的命运注定是悲哀。

  17. Chinese Immigrants to Korean Peninsula in Late Yuan and Early Ming Period%元末明初中国移民朝鲜半岛研究



    At the time of the demise of the Yuan Dynasty and the establishment of Ming Dynasty,the Korean Peninsula was under the background of the demise of the Goryeo Dynasty and the establishment of Korean Dynasty.People from China immigrated to Korean Peninsula,which reflected the reconstruction of the tributary-conferring system and the competition for interests between China and Korea Peninsula. The immigration process was divided into three periods:the tributary-conferring system in Yuan Dynasty and Goryeo Dynasty,the system was destroyed in the period which was the demise of the Yuan Dynasty and the establishment of Ming Dynasty,the tributary-conferring system in Ming Dynasty and Korean Dynasty.In each period of the immigration process,the reasons,types,process and impact were highly characterized by the times,which had historical influence.The Red Turban Rebellion immigrated to Korean Peninsula objectively weakened the Yuan Dynasty’s control of Goryeo Dynast.The Jurchen immigrated to Goryeo Dynasty lead to the rise of Li ChengGui’s forces and the establishment of the Korean Dynasty.The immigration promoted the Chinese economic and cultural exchanges with the Korean Peninsula.%元明交替之时正是朝鲜半岛高丽向朝鲜王朝过渡之际。此间中国向朝鲜半岛的移民,体现了中朝双方的利益之争与封贡关系的重构。移民历程分为三个时期:元朝—高丽封贡体制时期,元朝—高丽封贡体制破坏、元明交替时期,明朝—朝鲜封贡体制时期。每一时期移民的原因、类型、进程都极具鲜明的时代特征与历史影响。红巾军进入朝鲜半岛在客观上削弱了元朝对高丽的控制;女真族部落进入高丽,最终促使李成桂势力崛起与朝鲜王朝建立;移民促进了中国与朝鲜半岛的经济文化交流。

  18. A Comparative Study on the Narrative Styles of Kafka and Ma Yuan%卡夫卡与马原叙事风格的比较研究



    Ma Yuan is a representative of Chinese Avant-garde writers and Kafka is a writer of Western expressionism.The former is good at using narrative traps,while the latter is skilled in absurd description. Kafka is the father of modernism,while Ma Yuan starts the Chinese Avant-garde literature.Although dif-ferent in the way of expression,the two,with absurd description,provide the reader with imagery of multi-ple symbolic connotations.Ma Yuan in his early period of creation unconsciously absorbs the Kafkaesque creative features and internalizes these characteristics.Meanwhile,Ma Yuan has his own distinctive quality in these aspects:the mixture of the illusory and the real,the switch between the reader,the author and the narrator,and mystical narration.%马原是中国先锋派的代表作家,卡夫卡是西方表现主义大家。马原善用叙述圈套,卡夫卡善用悖谬化描写。卡夫卡开创了现代派文学的先河,马原则开启了中国先锋文学。虽然两者的表达方式不同,但都通过荒诞化的描写,向世人展开了一幅毕加索式具有多重象征内涵的意象之画。马原在文学创作早期不自觉地吸收了卡夫卡式的创作特征,并将这些特征内化为自己的作品风格。同时,他在虚幻与真实交织,读者、作者及叙述者的互换,神秘主义的叙述化方面具有独到之处。

  19. 元代浙江出版业述略%Brief Introduction to the Publishing Industry of Zhejiang Province in Yuan Dynasty

    隗静秋; 吴如功


      the publishing industry of Zhejiang province in Yuan dynasty is at the time that is key to a new enterprise. On the time, the economy, education and culture were highly developed, so the publishing industry of Zhejiang province in Yuan dynasty had a stable basic. It made great achievements on govermental publishing, folk publishing and the Buddhist Scripture publishing.%  元代浙江出版业处于一个承前启后的时期和阶段,上承两宋时代浙江出版业的鼎盛与辉煌,下启明清浙江出版业的复兴与崛起。浙江凭借深厚的根基与精良的传统工艺,使得浙江在全国出版业中独领风骚、享誉华夏。由于浙江经济繁盛、教育发达、文化昌盛、出版基础扎实,元代浙江出版业在官刻、坊刻、佛经刊刻方面都取得了不菲的成就。

  20. On Yuan Lun’s Life Story in Tang Dynasty%唐代朔州状元苑论事迹考



    Yuans of Mayi county is a famous literary family in Tang Dynasty, among which Yuan Lun is the Champion of imperial examination in 793 A.D.. However, due to the lack of material, people know little about his life story. Newly unearthed literature in recent years can uncover his family background, official career and many mysteries, meanwhile to see his literary style.%唐代马邑(今山西朔州)苑氏为有名的文学世家,其中苑论为唐德宗贞元九年(793年)进士科状元。由于资料缺乏,人们对其生平事迹知之甚少。近年新出土的一些文献资料,可以为我们揭开其家庭及仕宦生涯的诸多谜团,并一睹其文学风采。

  1. 元代回回人音乐生活的伊斯兰色彩%The Islamist-tinged of Huihui People’ s Musical Activities in Yuan Dynasty



    元代回回人音乐生活的伊斯兰色彩,包含宗教和地域两方面涵义,大体可从《伊本·白图泰游记》中略窥一斑。元代回回人在宗教用乐、仪仗用乐和宴飨用乐三方面承袭了当时伊斯兰地区的用乐风俗。宗教和宴飨的音乐生活,对于回族音乐的形成起重大而持续的作用。%The Islamist-tinged of Huihui people ’ s musical activities in Yuan Dynasty contains two aspects of religion and geographical meaning .It generally can be understood from the “the travels of Ibn Battuta”.The article analyzes the situation of the Huihui people ’ s musical life in Yuan dynasty , including three aspects:religious music , ceremonial music and feast music , and thus it can be seen , the Huihui people inherited the customs of Islamic areas .Especially religious music and feast music , they largely have persistent effect for the Ethnic Hui people ’ s musical forms to this day .

  2. 黄公望的“高远”式构图法赏析%Appreciation of GaoYuan type composition method of Huang Gongwang



    Beijing's Palace Museum Danya Yushu Figure was used as the research object in this paper. The Huang Gongwang 's GaoYuan type composition method, which adopt antitheses and look down at the landscape to obtain"scene of outside mountains", was studied base on analysis of three viewing angles:looking up, looking squarely and look down at the landscape, and the drawing method of mountains, rocks and trees. On Guoxi,s landscape painting method basis, it is result that Huang Gongwang 's way is to innovate the GaoYuan type composition method.%以北京故宫博物院藏《丹崖玉树图》为研究对象,基于仰视、平视、俯视三个观察角度以及山峦巨石及树木的浅绛画法分析,研究黄公望采用对比法、鸟瞰视角获取“山外之景”的“高远”式的构图方法。在郭熙的山水画法基础上,黄公望的构图方法是对“高远”式构图法进行了创新。

  3. An Analysis of the Spiritual Qualities of The Research of Yuan Dynasty Drama by Yoshikawa Kojiro%简析吉川幸次郎《元杂剧研究》之精神史特色



    日本汉学家吉川幸次郎的《元杂剧研究》是一部从精神史的角度研究元杂剧的力著。吉川拓展了杂剧的研究领域,透过听众和作者的社会背景模式分析了元杂剧产生和发展的重要原因,将其提高到精神史的层次,分析了元代的社会风气和时代精神的变迁。从语言学和杂剧的结构入手分析杂剧,认为元代的社会风气及汉人的时代精神决定杂剧的特征及发展更是吉川研究的特色。%Yoshikawa Kojiro's The Research of Yuan Dynasty Drama analyzed the drama by reviewing the development of Chinese spiritual history. He opened up a new approach, and through analysis of the social background of the audience and the dramatists, he proved that social atmosphere and the spirits of the time made a great contribution to the production and development of Yuan Drama. He studied linguistics and the structures of Yuan Drama and by using Chinese spiritual history as a key factor, he tried to show that the literary characteristics of Yuan Drama were decided by the social atmosphere of Yuan Dynasty and the spirit of the time of the Han people. As Yoshikawa said, The Research of Yuan Dynasty Drama is a process of reaching the Chinese history of spirit and an aspect of integrated Chinese history of spirit.

  4. 河南豫剧与中原文化传承%On the Inheritance of Zhong Yuan Culture and Henan Opera



    On the basis of studying the history of Henan Opera ,this essay presents details about the features of group-work,focusing on rural culture,enriching people’s cultural life,entering and suitable for the wide crowd .In the same way ,relating its musical character , combining the unique features of no music no spectrum , vocal music of Henan Opera ,this paper reveals Henan Opera ’ s fine tradition of absorbing anything and everything ,emphasizing on self-transcendence and points out its significant role in inheriting Zhong Yuan culture ,showing Henan spirit ,dedu-cing local culture,happy people’s live,revealing the image of Henan.And with a hope that we can establish a cul-tural platform and transmit Zhong Yuan culture through Henan Opera ,so we can achieve a win -win outcome by es-tablishing cultural province in the process of promoting the construction of Zhong Yuan economic zone .%在研究河南豫剧发展史的基础上,详细论述了河南豫剧群体创作、重乡土文化、丰富群众文化生活、娱乐性强、适合人群广的特点。在论述其音乐特征的基础上,结合豫剧无曲无谱、口头传唱的独有特性,揭示了豫剧兼收并蓄、注重自我超越的优良传统,指出豫剧在传承中原文化,展现河南精神,演绎地方文化,幸福百姓生活,展现河南形象和推进文化大省建设方面的巨大作用,并希望河南人通过河南豫剧搭建根亲文化平台,传播中原文化,在推动中原经济区建设过程中,通过创建文化大省实现经济效益和社会效益的双赢。

  5. 影像屈原的建构与批评%On the Construction and Criticism of the Image of Qu Yuan



    影像屈原的建构既要有多元充足的类别与生动丰满的个案,也要尽可能让一些经典个案富含多层的意蕴。影像屈原体类建构的主流目标应该是正格的历史悲剧。从悲剧主体来看,它既是个人命运的悲剧,也是国家民族的悲剧。从悲剧本身的类别与层次来看,它既是社会政治的悲剧,也是历史文化的悲剧与道德理想的悲剧。影像屈原的构建终归要落实到叙事艺术上来,其中重点是人物形象的塑造、情节结构的安排与话语方式的讲求,要注意历史与逻辑的统一、宏观与微观的结合、文学与影像的互动。%The construction of the image of Qu Yuan requires multiple abundant classification and vivid colorful individual cases, and also endows multi-dimensions of meanings to some classical cases. The main purpose of the con-struction of the image of Qu Yuan and such kind of images should be formal historical tragedies. From the subject of the tragedy, it is not only an individual’s tragedy, but also the tragedy of the nation. From the type and level, it is a so-cial and political, historical and cultural, moral and ideal tragedy. The construction of the image of Qu Yuan finally will be demonstrated by narrative art with the emphasis on the shape of image, organization of the plots and ways of dis-course. Historical and logical unity, macro and micro integration, literary and image interaction should be paid atten-tion to during the process.

  6. 刘春霖《甲辰科状元策》探源%On Liu Chunlin’s Jia-Chen Ke Zhuang-Yuan Ce



    Lian-Chi Academy was very famous in Late-Qing Dynasty, whose teaching idea and studying atmosphere kept ahead in China. Being the last Zhuang-Yuan of China, Liu Chun-Lin was one of the top students of this academy. Liu’s thoughts, was put what is learned into practice and acting according to circumstances, embodied in his book, Jia-Chen Ke Zhuang-Yuan Ce, that is Volumes by the Topmost Master of the Jia-chen Year, provided a feasible reform idea for the rulers of Late-Qing Dynasty. His examination paper before the emperor reflected his understanding for the social realities and also the ability for resolving problems. His handwriting was also very famous, and was highly praised for his noble qualities.%莲池书院是我国晚清著名的书院,在教学理念和学风上领先于全国。最后一位状元刘春霖是该书院培养出来的高材生之一。他在《甲辰科状元策》中体现的经世致用、因时制宜的思想,为晚清的统治者提供了切实可行的改革思路。殿试卷内容体现了考生对现实的了解程度和解决实际问题的能力。其书法的艺术也名噪一时,高尚品质时人称赞。

  7. Prosperity and Decline of Jiaolai Canal during the Yuan & Ming Dynasties%元明时期胶莱运河兴废考

    马文辉; 聂传平


    元代初期为了解决漕粮问题,曾开辟海运通道,但沿海岸线航行须绕行山东半岛,多有风涛不测之险。至元十七年元世祖忽必烈下令在胶莱平原利用胶河和大沽河道开凿胶莱运河。河成后,曾一度通漕,且运量较大,但仅隔十余年时间胶莱运河就被废弃不用。明代中后期,在政府官员中以及民间又多次出现重开胶莱运河的提议和行动,王献曾一度凿通马家濠运河,这对地方经济的发展有一定的贡献。然而,胶莱运河并没有全线贯通,不久又被废弃。%At the beginning of the Yuan Dynasty, a shipping channel was opened to solve the grain problem, but there were many un-predictable hazards along the coastline of Shandong Peninsula. Until the Yuan 17th years (1280), Kublai Khan ordered to have Jiaolai Canal excavated by way of Jiaohe River and Daguhe River through the Jiaolai Plain. When it was completed, there was large traffic through it. Nevertheless, just ten years later, Jiaolai Canal was abandoned. In the late Ming Dynasty, government officials and local civilians proposed for many times to reopen the Jiaolai Canal, and Wang Xian once finished the Majiahao Canal, which contributed to the development of local economy. However, Jiaolai Canal was not completed and abandoned soon.

  8. The Comparison of the Death Conception Between Qu Yuan and Socrates%屈原与苏格拉底的生死观比较



    通过屈原与苏格拉底生死观的比较研究,旨在揭示他们在各自人生的探寻和追索过程中的相似境遇:不被自己深爱的国家和民众理解和接受,反遭放逐和背弃,直至自杀。一方面关注先行者在人类文化发展史上的共同处境,另一方面试图辨析屈原与苏格拉底在实现人生价值、践履道德理想的途径和方式的差别,凸显中西生死观的迥异。由于不同的价值观赋予死亡的意义有别,同样是慷慨赴死,他们的生命却迸发出不同的光彩。%A Comparative Study of Qu Yuan and Socrates conception of death ,to reveal the similarity of situation in their life to explore and recourse:to his beloved country and the people understand and ac‐cept but is exiled and abandoned until suicide .On the one hand this paper concerned the forerunner of a common situation in the history of the development of human culture ,on the other hand it is trying to study the discrimination of Qu Yuan and Socrates in the value of life ,the different ways of fulfilling moral ideals ,and highlighting the different of Chinese and Western conception of death .Different values of the death meaning made them generous to die ,their life has burst out glory .

  9. 论袁说友在蜀中的诗歌创作%On Yuan Shuoyou’s Poems in Shu



      庆元三年(1197)三月,袁说友以四川制置使的身份到任成都,在蜀三年乃还。在这期间,他组织编纂《成都文类》,为蜀地文化的传承作出了重要贡献。然而,说友作为一位才华出众的文人、诗人,他自己在蜀中的创作也颇为丰富。他所作的诗歌,虽题材不丰,大多为同僚间的唱和之作和入蜀时的行旅之诗。但这些诗歌真实地记录了袁说友在蜀地的生活状况,并且语言朴实直白,刻画意象丰富,体现了他此阶段诗歌的特色。%Yuan Shuoyou arrived in Chengdu as Sichuan special envoy on the March of the third year of Qingyuan (1197 AD),and left here three years later. During this period,he organized the compilation of“Chengdu Genre”,which should be his greatest contribution to the inheritance of Shu culture. However,as a talented writer and poet,he has also created so many works in Shu. His poetry themes were not abundant, mostly antiphon poetry for his colleagues and travel poetry on his way to Shu,but these poems became a true record of Yuan Shuoyou’s living condition in Sichuan. And the poems were plain and direct in language, richness in imagery. They embodied the characteristics of this stage of his poetry.

  10. [Gao Jingyi. Han yu yu bei Ou yu yan : Han yu yu Wula'er yu yan ji Yin Ou yu yan tong yuan tan jiu] / Ago Künnap

    Künnap, Ago, 1941-


    Arvustus: Gao Jingyi. Han yu yu bei Ou yu yan : Han yu yu Wula'er yu yan ji Yin Ou yu yan tong yuan tan jiu = Chinese language and languages of northern Europe. Beijing : Zhongguo she hui ke xue chu ban she, 2008

  11. 《元曲选校注》未释典故二则考证%A Textual Research on the Two Uninterpreted Allusions in Collation and Annotation of YuanQuXuan

    陈林华; 宋颂


    《元曲选》是我们研究元杂剧的一座桥梁,王学奇先生的《元曲选校注》更是方便了我们对各个杂剧的理解。然而此书未对某些典故进行解释,本文在已有研究基础上,依据文献典籍中的记载,对二则未释典故进行考证,探讨典故对元杂剧的重要作用。%YuanQuXuan is a bridge we study Yuan drama and Mr. wang Xueji’s Collation and Annotation of YuanQuXuan is more conVenient tool for us to understand the drama. HoweVer,this book did not explain eVery allusion. On the basis of the existing researches, this paper has a textual research on the two uninterpreted allusions to explore the important effect of allusion on Yuan drama.

  12. [Gao Jingyi. Han yu yu bei Ou yu yan : Han yu yu Wula'er yu yan ji Yin Ou yu yan tong yuan tan jiu] / Ago Künnap

    Künnap, Ago, 1941-


    Arvustus: Gao Jingyi. Han yu yu bei Ou yu yan : Han yu yu Wula'er yu yan ji Yin Ou yu yan tong yuan tan jiu = Chinese language and languages of northern Europe. Beijing : Zhongguo she hui ke xue chu ban she, 2008

  13. 培元开郁法对血管性抑郁症的治未病思想探讨%Discussion on the ideas of treating predisease of cultivating Yuan and dissipating depression in vascular depression



    培元开郁法为血管性抑郁症的主要治法,文章旨在探讨其对血管性抑郁症元气亏虚,气血郁滞病机演变不同阶段的防治原则.通过文献研究,挖掘名老中医经验,结合临床实践,对培元开郁法的分期应用进行了系统阐述.未病先防,重脾肾培元固本,调气血开郁防滞;既病防变,强调早期诊断,早期治疗,培元开郁,顺气化痰,防传杜渐;病后止遗,培元开郁,化瘀解毒,通络疗损;病后调养,培元开郁防复发.总之培元开郁防治血管性抑郁症,充分体现了中医治未病思想.%Cultivating Yuan and dissipating depression is the main therapeutic method of vascular depression. The article discussed about prevention and treatment principle in different phases of vascular depression caused by the changes of archaeus deficiency and Qi-blood stasis. Through literature study, mining the traditional Chinese medicine experiences of famous old doctors and combining with clinical practice, the staging application of Cultivating Yuan and dissipating depression was systematically described. Preventive treatment before the occurrence of diseases, on both spleen and kidney are important for cultivating Yuan, yet both qi and blood are important for dissipating depression. Preventing deterioration after the occurrence of diseases, with cultivating Yuan and dissipating depression, promoting qi is the first, reducing phlegm is important for preventing deterioration. Preventing sequelae after the occurrence of diseases: about cultivating Yuan and dissipating depression, removing blood stasis and disintoxicating, and removing obstruction in collaterals and treating injuries are importent. Recuperating after an illness: cultivating Yuan and disspating depression are vital for avoiding the possibility of relapse. In short,the idea of TCM treating predisease is fully showed off by using of cultivating Yuan and dissipating depression for preventing and treatment of vascular

  14. 论袁黄及其研究的当代价值%On the Contemporary Value of YUAN Huang and His Theory



    袁黄博学多产、爱民勤政、追求积德行善,不仅洁身自好,利用功过格约束、督促自己去邪念恶行,且撰写《改过之法》、《积德之方》,专论积德行善,其中既有规律性的认识,又有实际操作方法,极力劝说、帮助他人同自己一样做好事、成好人。他在明中叶道德沦丧相当严重的情况下,发挥了超出一般的正面作用,在保证中华民族善良、正直、清廉、为民的优良传统生生不息上作出了贡献。在400年后的今天,认真分析其作出贡献的方式、方法和指导思想,可以得到有益的借鉴。而在继承、发扬袁黄的善言善行时,也应注意辩证地对待其以因果报应作为理论体系基础的局限性,唯物主义者在将与之混在一起的精华分离出来、加以适当改造、纳入社会主义主流意识体系之中的同时,拒绝其鬼神存在的唯心主义说法。%YUAN Huang was an erudite and prolific writer , a diligent official who cherished the people , and a person did good deeds .He was a clean liver , and refused to be contaminated by evil influences with ledger .YUAN Huang wrote The Method of Correct one's Mistakes and The Way for Accumulating Vir-tue, which includes both regularity cognition and practical methods , and those two books extremely per-suade and help others to do good deeds and to be good men as he did .Then, YUAN Huang has played a highly positive role for promoting excellent Chinese traditions , especially in the middle of the Ming Dy-nasty when moral perversity was serious .At present , we can draw lessons from his ways , methods and thoughts he made 400 years ago .While developing his ways and thoughts , we must adopt dialectical ap-proaches to treat the limitations of his karma -based theory .Materialists separate the essence of the theo-ry from the limitations , before adjusting appropriately to make sure it will be able to fit into the socialist mainstream

  15. 辽金元时期蒙古弘吉剌部领地考%Research of Mongolia Hongjila Tribe During the Liao、Jin and Yuan Dynasties

    孙国军; 康建国


    弘吉剌部是早期蒙古部落之一,辽金时期开始活跃在北方地区。金章宗时期弘吉剌部强盛,常裹胁蒙古诸部出兵金朝,成为金朝北方“边患”的主要制造者。弘吉剌部在成吉思汗建立蒙古汗国的过程中起了积极的推动作用,因此在成吉思汗将蒙古诸部重新划分为95个千户进行统治时,弘吉剌部成为少数几个能统其国族者。弘吉剌部自始至终同成吉思汗家族保持着联姻关系,元朝时更被封为一字王,地位已不亚于皇族诸王,世守漠南,成为诸藩之首。%Hongjila Tribe is one of the early Mongolian tribes; Liao and Jin period became active in the north. Hongjila tribe is strong in the Period of JinZhangzong, often forced to Mongolia the invasion of rulers, become the rulers of the north"foreign invasion "of the main manufacturers. Hongjila tribe played a positive role in the process when Genghis khan established the Mongol khanate. So in the Genghis khan is re-districting into the 95 thousands households of rules, Hongjila tribe can become one of the few governs their na-tion. Hongjila tribe from beginning to end with Genghis khan family department maintained ties of marriage, when it comes to the Yuan dynasty was the "Yiziwang", the position as to the Kings of the royal family, genera-tions to protect the Monan, become the first of all the captaincy. In this paper, through carding hisrorical process of the rise of Hongjila tribe, research of change of the fief from one the early of Hongjila tribe to the Yuan dy-nasty, reveals the Hongjila tribe historical role of the guards in Monan.

  16. On Mr. Cai Yuan-pei's Sports Thought and its Inspirations%论蔡元培先生的体育思想及其启示



    Mr. Cai Yuan-pei is a famous educator and practitioner in Chinese modern history of education, he presented a thought of military country education from the perspective of“resisting foreign imposition and saving motherland, strengthening military and enric-hing country”;advocated the idea of“sports first in full personality”, emphasizing that physical education plays a fundamental role in the comprehensive development education; focused the popularity of sports, specially thinking that citizens should develop lifelong physical exercise regularly;advocated actively to encourages and support women's equality to participate in sports. This paper considers that the application of Cai Yuan-pei's sports ideology will be helpful for sports workers to learn from previous useful thinking and elimi-nate negative factors that probably arise in current physical education.%蔡元培先生是中国近代教育史上著名的教育家和实践家,他站在“御侮救国,强兵富国”的立场提出了军国民体育思想;提倡“完全人格,首在体育”的体育教育主张强调体育在全面发展教育中,具有基础性的重要作用;在强调体育的普及的同时,还特别强调国民应该养成经常锻炼的终身体育思想。提倡积极鼓励和大力支持妇女平等的参加体育。将蔡元培的体育思想运用到当前体育教育中,有助于广大体育工作者吸取前人有益的思维成果,消除当前体育教育工作中可能出现的不利因素。

  17. The Cultural Interpretation on the Images of Boats in"the Fu on Qu Yuan"%屈赋舟船意象的文化阐释

    何桂芬; 吴广平


    Boat images in Qu Yuan's works have an unique emotional life, rich culture, profound spiritual connotation, from secular to art, practical and aesthetic leap. It carries real relationships, to depict the poet's complex mind world in journey, condenses the spiritual substance of Jingchu culture, always accompanied by poet constantly seeking diligently, embodies the poet's life busy with fall, pursuit and choice, drifting and sorrow, loneliness and heave a deep sigh.%屈赋中的舟船意象有着独特的生命情感、丰厚的文化底蕴、深刻的精神内涵,完成了从世俗到艺术、实用到审美的惊艳跳跃。它承载着现实的人际关系,描摹着诗人漂泊旅途中复杂的心灵世界,凝聚了荆楚文化的精神内质,始终伴随着诗人不断求索的殷勤脚步,寄寓了诗人一生的繁华与离落、追求与抉择、漂泊与愁苦、孤独与太息。

  18. On the Phonetic Phenomena of Dialects in Shu Yuan Notes%《菽园杂记》所载方言语音现象考察



    Shu Yuan Notes is a book of Ming Dynasty with rich contents.It records the phonetic phenomena of dialects in the middle period of Ming Dynasty,such as the homonym pairs "yu"(鱼fish) and "yu"(虞anxiety),"wang" and "huang","zhang"and "jiang" in Wu dialects;alveolar nasal rhyme merging with velar nasal rhyme in north dialects;the homonym pairs "tong" and "tun","qi" and "qing" in Shanxi dialects.Those phonetic phenomena offer a significant reference value for the research of Chinese phonology history and dialectology history.%《菽园杂记》是明代的一部笔记杂说,内容丰富,无所不包,记载了明朝中期各地方言的语音现象,如吴方言"鱼虞不分"、"王黄不分"、"张浆不分",北方方言"前后鼻音韵不分",山西方言"同屯不分"、"妻青同音"等,这些语料对汉语语音史和方言学史的研究具有重要的参考价值。

  19. Innovation and Exploration of Qu Yuan's Poetic Metaphor%屈原诗歌艺术隐喻的创新与探索∗



    Qu Yuan is a great romantic poet in Chinese literary history,and he created the unique genre of Chhuci,which is a milestone in Chinese literary history.He made great achievements in lyric poetry and created a lot of amazing poems.This is due to his creation and use of metaphors in his po-ems.The successful application of unique metaphor mode not only leads to his achievements in poet-ry,but also sets a good example for and exerts a far reaching influence on future generations.%屈原是中国文学史上一位伟大的浪漫主义诗人,他创造了独树一帜的楚辞体,成为中国文学史上的一个里程碑。他在抒情诗方面成就很大,创作了不少令人叹为观止的诗篇。这当然得益于他在诗歌创作中成功创造了属于自己的隐喻。屈原式隐喻方式的诞生和成功运用,不仅成就了他的诗歌创作,而且也为后人树立了典范并产生了深远的影响。

  20. 庄子与屈原的思想情感比较%The Comparison in Thought and Emotion between Zhuang Zi and Qu Yuan



    庄子和屈原对中国思想文化的影响深远。作为诗人的哲人与哲人的诗人,二人的情感世界都绚丽多彩。然而,学界在研究二人的哲理与诗性时,似乎忽略了他们情感世界的研究。如果深入到二人情感世界中就可发现,虽然"哀怨"、"愤激"、"孤独"是庄屈情感基本特征,但仔细研究,二人情感世界又不同。本文通过解读庄屈的情感世界,以求深化对庄屈的研究。%Zhuang Zi and Qu Yuan have a far-reaching influence on Chinese ideology and culture.As a poet philosopher and philosopher poet,both of them have a colorful emotion world.However,when academia focuses on the research of their philosophy and poetics,they seem to ignore that of the emotion world.If a thorough study was made to their emotion world,we can find some differences,although their basic emotional characteristics are sorrow,rage and loneliness.By interpreting their emotion world,we can deepen the research of them.

  1. “元四家”山水画的隐逸特征%Seclusive characteristics of landscape paintings by the four renowned artists in the Yuan Dynasty



    元四家在长期的绘画实践中,融合笔墨的写意精神,通过对物象描绘表达画家的主观心绪,忽略物象的形似而重神似,逐渐形成了尚逸、尚意的山水画风。文人画家主张“逸笔草草,不求形似”,追求“脱俗”和“自娱”的美学思想体现了文人画家之“隐”与山水画之“逸”的结合。%The four renowned artists in the Yuan Dynasty made a spiritual fusion of hands and ink in the long-term practice of painting.They expressed the painters’subjective state of mind by depicting the images with emphasis on spiritual similarities and ignorance of the objective shapes.Such practice of painting gradually developed into a style of landscaoe paintings worshiping confort and spirit.Literati painters advocated “leisure pen in painting,not for the shape”with the aesthetic pursuit of“Free from vulgarity”and “self entertainment”,which reflects the con-bination of the literati painters’ “hidden”with the landscape painters’ “ease”.

  2. 屈原楚辞中香草美人意象分析%The Imagery Analysis of Vanilla Beauty in Chu Yuan's chuck



    屈原在其楚辞作品中,采用了大量的香草美人的意象,创造了中国传统的独特的审美表现观,并影响了后人诗人、小说家的创作理念。其实,屈原楚辞作品中的香草美人意象,是运用比兴的手法表达自我心志愿望的一种艺术方式。但是,这种比兴手法被作者寄托情感有了现实性情感性的意义,而脱离了单纯艺术手法的本身。%In the chick written by Qu Yuan , lots of imagery of vanilla beauty have been adopted . It created a special Chinese traditional view of aesthetic , which have influenced the artistic creation of descendents and writers . This kind of imagery is a kind of artistic method which can use the metaphor and analogy to express one's hope. But , this method which is full of author' emotion has the characteristic of realistic and emotion , out of pure art.

  3. 《园冶·题词》释义解析%Analysis and Annotation on Puzzling Questions ofInscription ofYuan Ye



    作为中国造园史上唯一技术专著,计成所著《园冶》在明清众多园林文论中独树一帜。其独特之处就在于,它不仅系统介绍了中国古典园林的诸多技术手法,而且将许多文人造园的思想和理念蕴涵其中。以举例解析为主线,分析了《园冶·题词》等篇的重点论句,并借此探讨《园冶》有关异宜与成法、工匠与主人等问题的基本立场。%As the only summary of classical gardening techniques,Yuan Ye, orCraft of Gardens, by Ji Cheng is very unusual and may be unique in many gardening literary theory of the Ming and Qing Dynasties. Its uniqueness lies in that it not only systematically introduced many of the techniques of Chinese classical gardens, but also contained a lot of literati gardening thoughts and ideas. By example analysis, the paper illustrates the speciifc writing background, and deciphers some of the key discussion in the inscription, and further inquires the fundamental ideology towards the relation of special methods and rules, craftsman and master, etc.

  4. A Study of Business Jargon and Sociolinguistics in Song, Yuan, Ming Dynasty%宋元明市语与社会语言学研究



    宋元明市语是一种社会方言,因此它应当是社会语言学的研究对象;宋元明市语的理论研究和语义结构研究对社会语言学的研究成果都有一定的补正作用;在研究方法上我们必须注意古今结合与学科结合,发展具有中国特色的社会语言学。%Business Jargon in Song, Yuan and Ming Dynasty is a kind of social dialect, so it is an object of sociolinguistics study. The theory study and semantic structure study of business jargon in these dynasties can sup- plement the research achievements of sociolinguistics. In the research method, we must pay attention to the combi- nation of ancient and modem study with disciplines in order to develop sociolinguistics with Chinese characteristics.

  5. Islamic Influence on Yuan Dynasty Blue and White Porcelain%元代青花瓷器的伊斯兰风格



    元青花在中国陶瓷史上占据举足轻重的地位,是中国陶瓷历史上一个重要的转折点,它不仅开创了中国陶瓷的新风格,而且改变了中国传统的陶瓷审美观念,它是在海陆两条丝绸之路的传播过程中产生与发展起来的,是中西方文化交流产生的硕果。本文分析了受伊斯兰文化影响的元代青花瓷的艺术特色,深入挖掘了其所折射出民族文化交流的成果。%uan Dynasty blue and white porcelain occupies a pivotal position in the history of Chinese ceramics, marking one of its important turning points, at which a new style was created, and traditional Chinese ceramic aesthetic ideas were changed. It's developed with the transcontinental trade via the land and sea routes of the Silk Road as a result of the cultural exchange between the East and the West. This paper analyzes the Islamic elements in Yuan Dynasty blue and white porcelain so as to capture a glimpse of the encounter between the East and the West.

  6. 元末明初中朝关系与辽东社会%The relationship between China and Korea in Liaodong at the peir od of Mine takingo ver Yuan dynasty



    Since the Mongol empire made a conquest of the Korean peninsula,the Goryeo had been brought into tributary systems controlled by Yuan dynasty.Korea eased the pressure from Yuan dynasty through political marriage,contribution property and military assistance.Yuan dynasty granted titles to Korea.The relationship of Zongfan between Yuan and Korea had gradually become stereotypes.At the end of the Yuan,the relationship of Zongfan broken,the kingship of Goryeo strengthened.The government of Yuan can' t control the Liaodong re-gion effectively.Korea occupied buffer zone along the east coast of the Yalu river,and controlled Shuangcheng and Posuo areas where Nüzhen nation lived.At the earlier years of Ming dynasty,Korea was related to Liaodong forces with complex relations of formal or informal.This article combs communication events among Korea, Yuan,Ming and Separatist forces in Liaodong region during twenty years,which was from the 1354 to 1374. The beginning time is that Korea provided military assistance to Yuan for fighting with Zhang Shicheng in south of China.The ending time is that the King of Gongmin was killed.Then this article analyzes the social influence of Liaodong region brought by the relations between China and Korea.%蒙古征服朝鲜半岛后,高丽王朝被纳入元之藩属体系. 高丽通过政治联姻、贡献方物、提供军事援助等方式,缓解元朝对高丽的政治压力. 元朝对高丽进行封赐,双方宗藩关系逐渐成为定式. 元末,双方宗藩关系破裂,高丽王权得到强化,并趁机控制鸭绿江东岸的缓冲地带及占领双城、婆娑府一带女真族活动地区. 明初,高丽与辽东各方势力存在着复杂的正式或非正式的关系. 本文以高丽随元南征( 1354年)至恭愍王被弑(1374年)为时间段限,梳理这20年间在辽东地区高丽与元廷、明政府及辽东故元势力之间的交往事件,分析中朝关系变化对辽东社会的影响.

  7. 《八思巴字与元代汉语》增订本评介%Book Review: Phagspa Script and the Chinese Language in the Yuan Period in Revised and Enlarged Edition



    Among the handed-down and archaeologically discovered documents, there are lots of Phagspa-script historical sources translated from Chinese, which provide a great amount of valuable information for studying the history of the Yuan Dynasty. As this script was abandoned and became unknown long ago, the use of these literal data calls, first of all, for its correct decipherment. The Phagspa Script and the Chinese Language in the Yuan Period, first published in 1958, is the fundamental work in this field. Its revised and enlarged edition coming out in 2004 supplements a large amount of new content, collects firsthand referential documents and previous phonological research results, and furnishes a retrievable glossary. Its accomplishments have important value to historical, philological and archaeological studies.

  8. 论元代婚恋杂剧中女性形象的近世性%The Modernity in Images of Women in Yuan Opera with the Love and Marriage Theme



    作为近世文学萌发期的代表性文学样式,元杂剧作品中当然不乏对个人权利和要求的渲染,女性形象对爱情和婚姻的追求是其中的一个重要侧面。但元杂剧中女性形象强烈的依附性人格无法使其承担太多重负,元杂剧作家们在她们身上和相关作品中努力试图的,只是在正统儒学式微的背景下,另辟蹊径,以达到教化的目的。元代婚恋杂剧中的女性形象是中国文学近世性复杂特征的充分体现。%As the symbol in the germination period of Modern Literature, Yuan Opera is full of the demands about individual rights, one important aspect of which is the women pursuit for love and happy marriage.But in fact, the writers of Yuan Opera just try to figure out another way for moralizing in the background of the decline of the classic Confucianism, so the strong dependence in the images of women in Yuan Dynasty cannot carry too much burden of Modernity.The images of women in Yuan Dynasty with Love and marriage theme represent the complexity of Chinese Modern Literature perfectly.

  9. Comparative Analysis Between You and Yuan Referring to Pre-Qin and Qin-Han Landscape Architecture%先秦两汉园林语境下的“囿”与“苑”考辨

    王其亨; 袁守愚


    “囿”与“苑”是对先秦两汉大型园林的通称,其中“囿”的使用比“苑”早,是先秦时期的主要园林用词,“苑”在秦汉时期后来居上,逐渐取代“囿”指称大型园林。二者在表达早期园林以资源、物质生产和动物饲养为主的核心概念上并没有明显区别。在“苑”成为大型园林的核心用词后,“囿”的词义发展停滞下来,在指称园林时更多带有述古和语言美化的倾向。%In pre-Qin and Qin-Han literatures , You and Yuan referred to large landscape architecture with similar features . You had a longer history than Yuan, and was most frequently used referring to large landscape architecture in pre-Qin period, but was gradually replaced by Yuan.The two words are synonyms and both represent the core of early landscape architecture as natural reserve , production and animal culture .After being taken the dominance by Yuan in literatures, You became less active in referring landscape architecture and was commonly used to recite ancient examples or as an elegant word usage .

  10. An Analysis on Several Important Issues of Yuan Dynasty Legal Studies (2000-2011)%元代法律史研究几个重要问题评析(2000-2011)



    Notable achievements in Yuan Dynasty legal studies have been obtained since 2000 .Yuan legal studies have been extensive and in-depth .Since 2000 ,historical materials have been discovered and sorted out ,analysis on custom factors in legal system have been made ,legal culture embodied in Yuan Zaju have been explored ,and studies on contents of civil law system ,problems of penal system ,concrete prac-tices of judicial system ,structure of Yuan legal system ,and the intension of certain particular legal form have been done .In addition ,specific legal provisions like Jingji people (Jingji people were first offenders of theft and robbery whose crimes were not severe enough to receive a death penalty .They were tattooed in the neck and the arm ,registered as special residents and monitored .) and salt law and copyright protection have been studied .%  2000年以来元朝法律史研究取得了显著的成绩。元朝法律史在研究上领域扩张,内容上更加深入。2000年以来,元朝法律研究主要在法律史料的发掘与整理、法律中民族风俗习惯因素的分析、元杂剧体现出的法律文化、民事法律制度的内容、刑罚制度的问题、司法制度的具体运行情况和元代法律体系的结构与某类法律形式内涵问题等展开了研究。此外,还有对元朝一些具体法律制度与问题进行研究,如警迹人、盐法和版权保护。

  11. 论元代山水散曲色彩意象的生命意识%On Life Consciousness of Color Image of Landscape Sanqu in the Yuan Dynasty

    宋巍; 林振晔


    生命意识是人的内心世界对于生命本体和生存价值的一种体悟,是对时光易逝、生命难留的一种体验。在元代山水散曲中,色彩意象是曲家表达生命意识的良好媒介。曲家凭借色彩意象,表现出生命的昂扬,传达出生命的律动,抒发出生命的叹惋,并将寄予其中的自然美、时光美、生命美展现得淋漓尽致。%Life consciousness is a perception of life and survival,and an experience of the idea that“time flies and life is never permanent”from human inner world.In landscape Sanqu verse in the Yuan Dynasty,color image is an excellent medium for Yuan dramatists to express their life con-sciousness.By using color image,Yuan dramatists present the high spirit and rhythm of life,the lament for life to reveal incisively and vividly the natural beauty,the beauty of time and the beauty of life.

  12. 相门出相--试论史浩对史弥远之影响%The Minsisters in the Home of a Statesman:the Influence of Shi Hao on Shi Mi-yuan



    四明史氏为南宋历史上罕有的宰相世家,史浩、史弥远、史嵩之先后为相,尤其是史弥远,执掌朝政更长达26年,令史氏家族显赫一时。史弥远早年虽曾一度师从理学中人,但对理学思想的接受较为有限,他在政治上深受其父史浩影响,他参与政变、对外主和以及用人方式等方面,无不或直接或间接的在效仿乃父。%In the Southern Song Dynasty, the family of Shi is an uncommon prime minister family. Shi Hao, Shi Mi-yuan and Shi Song-zhi successively served as prime ministers. Shi Mi-yuan was typical since he served as a prime minister for 26 years. In his youth Shi Mi-yuan has studied with some parapsychologists, but he did not accept neo-confucianism. His political thought roots from his father Shi Hao. He always imitated his father in taking part in coup attempts, foreign policy and employment approach.

  13. On the Idea that Yuankan Zaju Sanshi Zhong Was Not Printed in the Yuan Dynasty%《元刊杂剧三十种》并非刻于元代说



    It is widely believed in present academia that playscripts in Yuankan Zaju Sanshi Zhong ( thirty types of Zaju plays printed in the Yuan Dynasty) were not published in one place at a time, but a book of collection from bookshops in the Yuan Dynasty.In fact, these thirty plays were pro-ceedings from one bookshop and the reason why place names like “dadu” and “guhang” appeared in the general title is that the master copy they used was such.These plays were not printed in the Yuan Dynasty but in the Ming Dynasty.%学界普遍认为《元刊杂剧三十种》中的剧本并非刊于一时一地,乃是元代“书坊杂凑而成的本子”。实际上,这三十种杂剧为同一书坊汇刊,之所以总题中有“大都”“古杭”等词,是因为它们所用的底本即是如此。它们并非刊刻于元代,而是明朝建立之后。

  14. 元青花人物故事纹饰的符号学解读%A study on ornamentation of figure and story of blue and white of Yuan Dynasty from semiotic perspectives



    The figure and story porcelain of blue and white of Yuan Dynasty is the climax of the art of blue and white painting. It is famous all over the world for its exquisite painting, vivid characters and unique stories. From the perspective of semiotic metaphor, this article, against the social background of the Yuan, tries to interpret characters and stories to dig out deep connotation of ornamentation of figure and story and to reflect the will and emotional expression of the Han people of Yuan dynasty.%元青花人物瓷器将青花绘画艺术推向顶峰,以其精美的绘画、生动的人物形象和特色的故事题材而闻名于世。基于元青花的社会背景,本文尝试从符号学隐喻的视角,解读人物故事,探讨元青花人物故事纹饰的深层内涵,揭示元代汉族人民意志和情感的表达。

  15. Effects of Fluid Saturation on Gas Recovery from Class-3 Hydrate Accumulations Using Depressurization: Case Study of Yuan-An Ridge Site in Southwestern Offshore Taiwan

    Huang, Yi-Jyun; Wu, Cheng-Yueh; Hsieh, Bieng-Zih


    Gas hydrates are crystalline compounds in which guest gas molecules are trapped in host lattices of ice crystals. In Taiwan, the significant efforts have recently begun to evaluate the reserves of hydrate because the vast accumulations of gas hydrates had been recognized in southwestern offshore Taiwan. Class-3 type hydrate accumulations are referred to an isolated hydrate layer without an underlying zone of mobile fluids, and the entire hydrate layer may be well within the hydrate stability zone. The depressurization method is a useful dissociation method for gas production from Class-3 hydrate accumulations. The dissociation efficiency is controlled by the responses of hydrate to the propagating pressure disturbance, and the pressure propagation is relating to the amount (or saturation) of the mobile fluid in pore space of the hydrate layer. The purpose of this study is to study the effects of fluid saturation on the gas recovery from a class-3 hydrate accumulation using depressurization method. The case of a class-3 hydrate deposit of Yuan-An Ridge in southwestern offshore Taiwan is studied. The numerical method was used in this study. The reservoir simulator we used to study the dissociation of hydrate and the production of gas was the STARS simulator developed by CMG, which coupled heat transfer, geo-chemical, geo-mechanical, and multiphase fluid flow mechanisms. The study case of Yuan-An Ridge is located in southwestern offshore Taiwan. The hydrate deposit was found by the bottom simulating reflectors (BSRs). The geological structure of the studied hydrate deposit was digitized to build the geological model (grids) of the case. The formation parameters, phase behavior data, rock and fluid properties, and formation's initial conditions were assigned sequentially to grid blocks, and the completion and operation conditions were designed to wellbore blocks to finish the numerical model. The changes of reservoir pressure, temperature, saturation due to the hydrate

  16. On the Evolution of Yuan Family in the Wuyue Kingdom%吴越国元氏家族演进述论



    Wei Quanfeng and Wei Zaichang were the persons who owned force in the local. They occupied by force Fu Zhou and Xin Zhou in the chaotic period of late Tang Dynasty and maintained domination for more than twenty years through marriages with regional Warlords and Superior separatist forces. In the early of Five Dynasties,the Wei brothers were defeated by the Southern Tang Dynasty in the tangle warfares among warlords. Then Wei Zaichang went to the Wuyue Kingdom for shelter. Since then, his descendants changed their surname to Yuan and gradually gave upmilitary career for intellectual pursuits. Relying heavly on Wuyue Kingdom, the family achieved family transformation. Since Song Dynasty, a lot of talented people have emerged from the family.%危全讽、危仔倡原为地方“有武力者”,乘唐末混战依靠武力据抚、信二州,通过与地方实力派及上级割据势力联姻的方式维持统治二十余年。五代初,危氏兄弟在军阀混战中败于南唐,危仔倡投奔吴越国,子辈改姓为元,家族成员逐步由武转文,并依靠吴越王权,渐次完成家族转型。入宋以来更是人才荟萃。

  17. 宋元时期宁波盐业考述%Textual Research of Salt Industry in Ningbo during the Song and Yuan Dynasties



    In Song Dynasty,salt production in Ningbo had a rapid growth.While salt production organization in Mingzhou consisted of state-ownership and private ownership,salt selling was completely controlled by the government.In Yuan Dynasty,salt production generally remained unchanged in scale and producing areas.Following the previous note-salt practice in Song Dynasty,salt monopoly policy was carried out.Under the system,civilian could produce salt under government supervision and both government and merchants could do business on salt transportation and marketing.Additionally,there were then two main ways to make brine in Ningbo,brine dripping from saline mud scraped from the sea salt field and brine dripping from saline rice husk ash collected from the sea salt field.%宋代,宁波的盐业生产进入快速发展的时期,明州盐业生产组织主要分为国家官有制和盐民私有制,食盐行官卖法。及至元代,宁波基本稳定了宋代的盐业生产规模和范围,沿袭了宋代的钞盐法,实行官督民制、官与商兼运兼销的专卖制度。宋元宁波盐区海水制卤大致有刮泥淋卤和摊灰淋卤两种方法。

  18. Master QingYuanWei-xin’ s Three Phase Theory about Meditation%论青源惟信见山见水参禅三境界



    The Zen meditation people are very diligent in their pursuit of the highest State of their bodies and thoughts.It is very hard in the beginning.Then you must try your best to practice how to achieve Moksha.Finally you may succeed.That’ s what we mention it as more and more complex levels in the process of self -cultivation and meditation.In order to achieving Moksha , you must trust the zen theory absolutely and do all you could to a-chieve your goal in stead of practicing meditation casually and being content with a little bit of achievement.QingYuanWeiXin ’ s three phase theory about meditation correlated with Master Huineng ’ s satori for three times.All of them can help those who practice zen in order to achieve Moksha.%禅者抉择身心,孜孜切切,始之难入,中之做功夫,终之廓然开朗,所谓关外有关,天外有天。最惧了草而事,轻忽而行,可退可休,而得少为足;最须死心信受,疾驱长驰,殚精竭神,不退不休,而破重重幽关。青源惟信见山三阶段与六祖惠能之三次“悟”互照互应,其皆能激发学人疑情,使学人遍得一切深浅,而登解脱自在之门。

  19. The urban flood control embankment engineering design of Wu-Yuan City%婺源县城区防洪治理工程设计

    蔡方昕; 王建峰


    Aimed at the problems of unblocked flood protection levee , no blocking flood drainage facilities in water-logging area and cannot resist the 20 year design flood with low flood control standard in the Wu-Yuan urban flood control system , according to the overall planning of urban flood control, the distribution of Le-An river, and flood control standard of the planning years,combining with the existing flood control facilities, protection object and other factors, the integrated protection and reinforcement scheme with building new embankment, new flood wall and dry masonry stone revetment has been design and adopted. The anti sliding and anti overturning stability, seepage stability and stress analysis results show that the overall stability, permeability and stress indicators of the protection and reinforcement structure conform to the standard requirement totally. The flood prevention and strengthening scheme has good technical and economic benefits.%针对婺源县城区防洪体系中防洪堤未封闭,涝区无挡洪排涝设施,防洪堤防洪标准偏低、无法抵御20年一遇洪水等问题,结合防洪堤现状、防护对象等因素,设计采取有针对性的新建土堤、新建防洪墙和干砌石护岸等为一体的防护加固方案。计算结果表明:防护加固建筑结构整体稳定性、抗渗性和应力指标均符合规范要求,防洪加固方案具有较好的技术和经济效益。

  20. 元代江南文士的游谒与文坛风气%Jiangnan Scholars′Lobbying and Literary Circle′s Climate in Early Yuan



    In early Yuan, Scholars in Jiangnan distric take poems and proses as main lobbying form and are ac⁃tive in the two literary center Hangzhou and Beijing (the Capital). They expand the influencing power of south⁃ern people′s literature creation and fortiy literary circle in Jiangnan distrcit.These scholars keep trying to fit into Beijing (the Capital)litaraty circle by connecting with social network in Beijing which bring interaction of liter⁃ary themes, styles and philosophy. The bedrock of merging northern and southern literature gets laid and leads to united literature and culture which signify the developing character of regional civilization replaing mono ethnic civilization.%元代江南文士以诗文为主要谒具,游谒于杭州、大都两个主要的文化圈中心。通过序跋、赠答、结社、唱和等方式,提高了异族统治下南方人文学创作格局的影响力,巩固了江南文化圈。在北游构建江南文士京城社会网络的同时,不断融入大都文化圈,带来了题材、风格、文学理念的互动,奠定了南北融合的诗文走向基础,最终促成了多元文化融合下大一统的文化与文学,体现出元代文学以地域文明取代单一民族文明的发展特征。

  1. 论于光远先生的生态经济伦理观%On Yu Guang-yuan's Ethical Thought of Eco-economy



    Yu Guang-yuan had a unique profound understanding of eco-economy.He emphasized the consistency of ecology-economy and differences of perspective;he underlined the ecological value and economic significance of ar-tificial nature .Furthermore , he emphasized the identity of ecology , economy and ethics , and adhered to practical ethics position in ecological research .These viewpoints have significant guiding function in ecology protection , eco-logical civilization construction acceleration , and industrial structure adjustment and even in circular economy de-velopment .Yu's interdisciplinary research method and the foresight prospective make our vision wider and bring us a lot of enlightenments to construct our beautiful country .%于光远先生对生态经济有非常独特的认识,强调生态与经济之对象一致性和视角的差异;强调人工自然的生态价值和经济意义。进而,于先生强调生态、经济与道德的同一性,并坚持研究生态问题的实践伦理学立场。他的这些观点对保护生态、提速生态文明建设,对经济结构、产业结构的合理调整,发展循环经济,都有重要的指导作用。于先生这种跨学科的研究方法和前瞻性思维方式在开阔我们视野的同时,也给我们“圆美丽中国梦”以深远启示。

  2. Exploring Space Landscape and Environmental Behavior of Wang Shi Yuan Garden%网师园的空间景观与环境行为探究

    陈思; 马子龙; 曹磊


    从网师园的历史沿革、造园立意、平面布局、主要景观及空间特色等方面分析了园内环境景观与古代文人雅士的居、息、游、赏,以及现代游览者领略文化、休闲游园等行为活动之间的关系。探究了“因诗成景”、“以画入园”的独特景观营造思想和布局手法及其在有限空间的无限意境中提高人们感知、体验、参与环境的行为价值。最后结合当下的时代精神,提炼了中国古典园林中的景观环境行为理念。%From Wang Shi Yuan's history, gardening conception,layout, major landscapes and space characteristics,etc. ,this artiCle aims at exploring its relationship between environmental landscape and activities of ancient scholars' residing, resting,touring, and enjoying as well as contemporary tourists' culture appreciation and recreation. In addition, the article explores the unique landscape thoughts and layout techniques of "poems ,of the scene" and "paintings of the garden", and improves the behavior value of people's perception, experience, and environmental participation in the infinite artistic landscape. Hopefully, according to the current spirit, the refining of the environmental behavior principles in the Chinese classical gardens will benefit the modern landscape design.

  3. [Analysis of the Decorated Silicate Beads Excavated from Tomb M4 of the Ma-Jia-Yuan Warring States Cemetery, Gansu Province].

    Huang, Xiao-juan; Yan, Jing; Wang, Hui


    This paper reports the analysis results of 11 decorated silicate beads samples excavated from Ma Jia-yuan Warring State Cemetery, Gan Su Province with the portable X-ray fluorescence spectrometer, laser Raman spectrometer and X-ray diffraction spectrometer. It is includes 3 types among these samples on the basis of their chemical composition, NaO-CaO-SiO2, PbO-BaO-SiO2 glass system, and glassy faience. The blue part of the NaO-CaO-SiO2 glass sample was colored by Co2+, and Sb2O5 was discovered as opacifier. The results of Laser Raman analysis shows in some circle beads exits Chinese blue and Chinese purple. Combined with the existing research results the early cultural factors and technical exchange reflected from these samples are discussed. It shows that the material and craftsmanship of the beads contained Chinese blue and Chinese purple were affected by Qin Culture. But the composition of the Na-Ca-SiO2 glass eye bead is similar with those excavated from Xin Jiang area. It infers the technology of glass manufacture of the Xi Ron nationality was influenced by the Qin Culture and the grassland nationalities' culture simultaneously. The faience bead composed with the inner core and the outer glassy layer is possible a kind of transitional type between the faience and the real glass. This information offers a new reference for the research of the origin of the glass technology in the ancient China.

  4. "Learning yuan"platform application in food analysis teaching%"学习元"平台在食品分析教学中的应用



    Food analysis course is a compulsory course for undergraduate students at the university of science and engineering professional. This course involves the food quality and safety inspection contents, also the main embodiment of bachelor of engineering degree in food. With the coming of information age, the Internet network developed, " Learning yuan " platform gradualy walked into the university classroom. Food analysis course is given priority to with applied re―search, more wide―ranging, knowledge spread, mobile learning or distance learning for students. So the construction of this new type of teaching mode and learn―ing style in food analysis course is very necessary, is also a direction of food analysis course construction in the future.%食品分析课程是食品科学与工程专业大学本科学生的专业必修课.该门课程涉及到食品质量与安全的检测内容,也是食品专业工科学士学位的主要体现.随着信息时代的来临,互联网网络的发达,"学习元"平台渐渐走进了高校课堂.食品分析课程多以应用研究为主,内容广泛,知识点分散,适合学生移动学习或者远程学习.因此把这种新型的教学模式和学习方式建设在食品分析课程中是十分必要的,也是未来食品分析课程建设的一个方向.

  5. Textual Research on the Time Change of Ducha Yuan in the Ming Dynasty%明代都察院更置时间考论



    The current Ming-history academic circles are firmly convinced that the change of Ducha Yuan(the Censorate) took place in the 15th year during Emperor Hongwu's reign.Actually,there are 3 versions for the exact time change,namely,the 13th year,the 14th year,and the 15th.A clear documentation mistake renders the time of the 13th year incredible.With the help of apagoge,it is obvious that the real time change happened in the 14th year rather than the 15th year during Emperor Hongwu's reign.Meanwhile,it is pointed out that the executive administrator of Ducha Yuan,the then imperial supervisory institution,is Chief Investigating Censor rather than Chief Imperial Censor.%明史学界对于《明史·职官志》记载的明代都察院更置于洪武十五年的说法,深信不疑。事实上,明清史籍关于明代都察院的更置时间,至少存在洪武十三年、十四年、十五年三种说法。对于洪武十三年说,由于文献存在明显的记载错误,不足为据。在洪武十四年和洪武十五年两种说法之中,运用反证法,考证明代都察院应该是更置于洪武十四年,而非洪武十五年,都察院时最高长官为监察都御史,而不是监察御史。

  6. CAI Yuan-pei's Thoughts on Museum Aesthetic Education%蔡元培的博物馆美育思想研究



    著名的教育家、思想家蔡元培先生非常重视美育对培养健全人格以及促使人的全面发展的重要作用。他认为,在实施美育教育中,博物馆丰富的艺术藏品为美育教育提供了重要的物质基础;藏品的直观性成为美感的最佳培养形式;具有强烈融入感的博物馆陈列语言以及博物馆教育的公众性特征与美育教育的特点相得益彰。由此进一步认为博物馆是美育教育的重要媒介和载体之一。关注博物馆建设,既是关注社会美育教育的具体表现,同时也符合美育发展之公例。%Mr. CAI Yuan-pei, a notable educator and thinker of China, valued aesthetic education highly for the important role it plays in forming sound personalities and promoting integrated development of people. According to Cai, the artistic collections of museums provide important material base for aesthetic education, the direct viewing of objects offers the best approach to cultivate the appreciation of aesthetics, and the engaging narratives of displays and the public feature of museum education are in consonance with the characteristics of aesthetic education. Cai argued further that museums were an important medium and carrier of aesthetic education. Paying attention to museum development is a way to value social aesthetic education, which is in line with the principles of aesthetic education development.


    Ping-fu (Brian LAI


    Full Text Available The Chinese Yuan (RMB has been on the trend of appreciation over the last decade, and such a trend will likely be continuing for some years over the next decade. According to some scholars in their published literatures, the appreciation of RMB, the influx of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI has been ongoing accompanying the sustained growing economy in mainland China over the past decade. It is believed that the China economy has an implication from some significant factors including appreciation of RMB, interest rate of RMB, inflation and continuous increase of FDI for the next several years. The present study aims to provide an emphasis on investigation into effect on China economy as a result of appreciation of RMB and FDI together with some other factors, and to provide an outlook on the economy in China for the coming decades. First, a review was carried on relevant background information and development history of RMB and FDI. There are many reasons and factors behind leading to the sustained growth in the economy in China in the last decade and such effects were in coverage in the literature review. An overview of the development of RMB exchange mechanism, and other variables including (1 RMB exchange rate, (2 China interest rate, (3 Foreign Direct Investment (FDI, (4 Trade Balance of China, (5 Annual Inflation rate in China, (6 Energy Consumption in China, (7 Foreign Exchange Reserve in China, (8 China wages, (9 China External Debt and (10 China Consumer Price Index, which may have effect on the growth of the economy in China is covered in the literature review conducted in Chapter 2.

  8. 农民工对大众传统小吃的传承——基于新疆博乐圆中园名食店的个案分析%Rural Migrant Workers ' Contribution in Preserving Popular Traditional Snacks A Case Study of Yuan-zhong-yuan Food Shop in Bole, Xinjiang



    Based on a case study of the entrepreneurship of Yuan-zhong-yuan Food Shop, the article introduces life experience of a rural migrant family under the background of Reform and Opening-up, commodity-based economy, urban migration, change and diffusions of catering culture. Then it analyzes the generality and inheritance of popular traditional snacks as intangible cultural heritage, and holds affirmative attitudes for rural migrant contributions to preserving intangible cultural heritage, including rural migrant workers undertaking food processing and catering services and those rural migrant workers as traditional low-end consumers, who involuntarily serve as inheritors of popular traditional snacks while earning a living in food services. The role of the modern family kitchen gradually gives way to outside food shops operating modes. However, the increasingly prominent food security problems are worthy of our thoughts, research and exploration.%以新疆博乐圆中园名食店的创业历程为研究个案,将河南一个农民家庭的谋生轨迹置于改革开放、商品经济、农村人口流动、饮食文化变迁与传播的时代背景下,分析大众传统小吃作为饮食领域的非物质文化遗产所具备的普泛性与承传性。同时,肯定打工族对这类饮食领域非物质文化遗产的传承,它包含从事食品加工、餐饮行业的打工者和作为传统食品中低端消费群的农民工。二者为了维持生计而自觉或不自觉地充当了传统小吃的传承者,而大众传统小吃本身的廉价、速食和对人体基本热量、大众口味的满足等特性,在相当大程度上持续其传承。外食店经营的模式将逐步取代家庭厨房在饮食传承中的角色,但其中日益凸显的饮食安全问题值得人们关注。

  9. Yuan Exchange Rate 'Properly Adjusted'


      The currency exchange rate was "properly adjusted" this year and takes into account effects on the country's neighbors and the world, Premier Wen Jiabao said at a regional meeting in Malaysia.……

  10. A Comparison of Machine Learning Algorithms for Mapping of Complex Surface-Mined and Agricultural Landscapes Using ZiYuan-3 Stereo Satellite Imagery

    Xianju Li


    Full Text Available Land cover mapping (LCM in complex surface-mined and agricultural landscapes could contribute greatly to regulating mine exploitation and protecting mine geo-environments. However, there are some special and spectrally similar land covers in these landscapes which increase the difficulty in LCM when employing high spatial resolution images. There is currently no research on these mixed complex landscapes. The present study focused on LCM in such a mixed complex landscape located in Wuhan City, China. A procedure combining ZiYuan-3 (ZY-3 stereo satellite imagery, the feature selection (FS method, and machine learning algorithms (MLAs (random forest, RF; support vector machine, SVM; artificial neural network, ANN was proposed and first examined for both LCM of surface-mined and agricultural landscapes (MSMAL and classification of surface-mined land (CSML, respectively. The mean and standard deviation filters of spectral bands and topographic features derived from ZY-3 stereo images were newly introduced. Comparisons of three MLAs, including their sensitivities to FS and whether FS resulted in significant influences, were conducted for the first time in the present study. The following conclusions are drawn. Textures were of little use, and the novel features contributed to improve classification accuracy. Regarding the influence of FS: FS substantially reduced feature set (by 68% for MSMAL and 87% for CSML, and often improved classification accuracies (with an average value of 4.48% for MSMAL using three MLAs, and 11.39% for CSML using RF and SVM; FS showed statistically significant improvements except for ANN-based MSMAL; SVM was most sensitive to FS, followed by ANN and RF. Regarding comparisons of MLAs: for MSMAL based on feature subset, RF achieved the greatest overall accuracy of 77.57%, followed by SVM and ANN; for CSML, SVM had the highest accuracies (87.34%, followed by RF and ANN; based on the feature subsets, significant differences were

  11. 论元代乐府诗的入乐问题%On the Composing Scores for Yuefu Poem in Yuan Dynasty



    元代的乐府诗,无论是旧题乐府还是新题乐府,大都是可以配乐而唱的。在"乐府音节,自宋已失其传,生今之世,无复能辨之者"的文化背景下,元代乐府诗所具有的这一特点,成为了乐府诗史上的一个奇迹。元代乐府诗所配唱之乐,主要是诗人们(含坊间乐工)创制的"今曲"。因而,"今之曲歌于古,犹古之曲也,古之词歌于今,犹今之词也",就成为了当时诗人们的共识。在这种乐府观念的指导下,元代诗人们无论是于乐府诗还是古诗,大都称之为"歌",即认为其都是可配乐而唱的。于是,元代乐府诗可入乐而歌的现实,与盛行于当时的散曲、杂剧、词体艺术等互相融合,从而构建了中国文学史上的第一个"音乐文学王国"。%Yuefu poem of Yuan Dynasty,whether historical or contemporary,could be scored.It is a miricle that this attribute remains when ‘syllables of Yuefu poem has died out since Song Dynasty and today no one could identify its scores.’ Most of the scores are the new compositions from folk musicians.Thus,it is widely believed that ‘new score with old Yuefu poem sounds like old song;old lyric with new score sounds like new lyric’.With this concept,contemporary poets hold that both Yuefu poems and ancient poems could be songs.Thus scoring of Yuefu poem,integrated with popular Sanqu,Zaju,and Ci,construct the first 'musical literature kingdom' in Chinese literature.

  12. The Evolution Characteristics of Dragon King Image in Yuan Poetic Drama%从元杂剧看龙王形象的演化特征



    A concentrating description of dragon king is rarely seen in the existing works of Yuan poetic drama. It can be only found in Shang Zhongxian's “Yi Liu Deliver Letter on Dongting Lake ” and “Chang Sheng Boiling sea on Shaman Island” of Li Haogu. Among which, as the lord of the sea, the image of the dragon king spreads out mainly as a role of father.The two plays ex-pressed how weak and helpless the dragon king is towards his children's marriage. However, this is totally different from the dragon image in Chinese traditional concept. The reason is that it should be greatly affected by the description of humble Dragon king in Buddhist Scripture of India. During the spreading process, it interacted with Chinese folklore and stories and interpenetrated until it was sinicized and anthropomorphized.%现存元杂剧作品中集中描写龙王形象的并不多,仅见于尚仲贤的《洞庭湖柳毅传书》和李好古的《沙门岛张生煮海》两部杂剧。其中,作为一水之主的龙神---龙王形象主要以父亲角色出现,二剧共同表现了龙王在儿女婚事上的软弱与无奈,而这样的形象特点与中国传统观念中的龙王形象截然不同。究其原因,应该说很大程度上受到印度佛典中地位低下的龙王故事的影响,并在其流播过程中与中国民间传说、故事互相影响、渗透,最终中国化、人格化的结果。

  13. Precise georeferencing using the rigorous sensor model and rational function model for ZiYuan-3 strip scenes with minimum control

    Pan, Hongbo; Tao, Chao; Zou, Zhengrong


    The rigorous sensor model (RSM) and the rational function model (RFM) are the most widely used geometric models for georeferencing. Even though geometric calibration and bundle adjustment with the RFM has been carried out for the ZiYuan-3 (ZY-3) earth observation satellite, few studies determined the major error sources affecting the three line cameras (TLCs). In this work, we propose a new set of compensation parameters, the shift and drift of both pitch and roll angle, for the RSM, since the yaw angle error is not as significant as the pitch angle for very narrow field of view images. Corresponding bias compensation methods are also validated for the RFM. Seven continuous strip scenes from the ZY-3 TLCs are used for the experiments, for which the root mean square error (RMSE) in the image space and object space are calculated. The experimental results demonstrate that the proposed method can model the major errors and achieve the same accuracy as the use of redundant parameters. With this model, the RMSEs of the checkpoints are 2.048 m in planimetry and 1.256 m in height. The RMSEs would increase to 2.522 m in planimetry and 2.635 m in height if the drift parameters were ignored. However, subpixel georeferencing accuracy is not as sensitive as the RMSE in the object space, since the RMSE of the height increases to 2.6 m compared to 1.3 m, while the change of the RMSE in the image space is within 0.1 pixels. In addition, the relationships among the TLCs are dynamic during imaging. Compensation for the TLCs as a unit introduces a height error of about 1 m, while maintaining subpixel georeferencing accuracy. Two ground control points (GCPs) placed at the beginning and the end of a strip are preferred to reduce oscillation and point picking errors. Compared with the RSM, the RFM can achieve similar accuracy when the drift compensation model and shift compensation model are applied.

  14. 上海古典园林曲水园空间结构中的网络特征%Network System of Spatial Structure in Qushui Yuan



    通过运用网络和语言学的一些方法与理论,揭示了上海古典园林曲水园空间结构的网络特征及其三要素:单元空间(结点)/边界/联结.正是这种网络结构中的相似性和复杂性形成了曲水园中“藏与寻”的不尽之美.如果没有这种网络系统,园子将会失去诗意的连贯性、整体性以及内在情感表达的依存.尽管这一几何模型不能解释园林中所有的复杂现象和深层意义,但是这一网络模型不仅提供了一种重新洞察中国古典园林空间结构的手段和巧妙利用有限的土地空间资源的策略,而且为如何处理自然和人工环境之间的复杂关系以及重构人居环境的相似性、多样性与复杂性提供一种灵活可行的机制.%The paper focuses on the geometrical model of the complex spatial structure in a classical Shanghai garden. Through methods of network and linguistics, the author reveals that the network system in Qushui Yuan is composed of space cells, edges and linkages, which mainly gives rise to both physical and mind similarities, complexities between parts and whole and a great sense of endless model of "hide and seek". Without this system, the garden might lose the sense of poetic coherence and deep feeling. Although the geometrical model can't explain all kinds of intricate phenomena and meanings in the garden, the author argues that the network model not only provides a better insight into spatial structures of Shanghai gardens and alternative strategy to make an ingenious use of a limited land, but also offers a flexible, feasible approach in dealing with the complexity between chaos nature and built environments and in creating or re-establishing similarity and diversity in human habitat spaces of gardens.

  15. 生机与汇流:民族文化交融中的辽金元诗歌%Vitality and confluence: Liao, Jin and Yuan poetry in national culture fusion



    辽、金、元三代诗歌创作是中国诗歌史上不可分割的一个重要段落,也是为中国诗歌史带来活泼生机与特殊样态的独特存在。广义的辽金元诗歌,包括了诗、词、曲这几种不同的诗歌样式,它们并不是既成的东西,而是在生成和发展之中呈现出的状貌。以狭义的诗来看,辽金元诗歌是呈现了一个由生新走向成熟的过程,但它不同于以往的生新与成熟,它们裹挟进相当多的新质——文化的新质。文章还从民族文化的角度探讨辽金元诗歌研究的新意,指出辽、金、元三代诗歌的发展都是文化交融与互动的结果。具体可概括为:辽诗展现的是面目生新的样态;金诗在流变中发展;元诗在文化汇流中完善。作为诗的大家族中的重要成员的散曲和词,在金、元时期开拓了前所未有的局面,词曲作为一种新兴的诗歌样式,足以使元代在文学史上熠熠生辉。%Poetry creation in Liao, Jin and Yuan of Chinese poetry, invested Chinese poetry with dynasties, an inseparably important part in the history animated vitality and uniqueness. Liao, Jin and Yuan poetry in its broad sense includes various poetry forms of poem, Ci and Qu. They are not anything es- tablished, but something appearing in the process of their formation and development. In a narrow sense, Liao, Jin and Yuan poetry went from novelty to maturity. But this process is different from that in the past in that much new quality--quality of culture--were integrated. New significance of Liao, Jin and Yuan poetry study was pointed out from the perspective of national culture. This poetry develop- ment is the result of culture fusion and interaction. Specifically speaking, Liao poetry is fresh in style; Jin's developes in changes; Yuan's is perfected in culture confluence. Ci and Qu, as important members of poetry family, made an unprecedented look in Jin and Yuan dynasties. Ciqu, a novel poetry style, makes Yuan

  16. 袁宏道美学思想的转变与儒释道精神的循环%Transformation of YUAN Hong-dao's Aesthetic Thought & Cycle of Confucian, Taoist and Buddhist Philosophy



    There is a marked difference between YUAN Hong-dao's aesthetic thinking of the later stage and of the earlier stage, the former is combined by the Chan sect philosophy with the Taoist philosophy while the latter is combined by the Confucian philosophy with the Taoist philosophy. The transformation had its external factor such as the change of the social situation at that time, however, the logic of YUAN's thinking was its principal factor. Making a general survey of YUAN Hong-dao' aesthetic thinking we can reach a conclusion that it had never break through the traditional framework for the Confucian, Taoist and Buddhist philosophy and it had not modern significance similar to the Enlightenment.%袁宏道后期美学思想与前期差别很大,前期主要是禅道思想的融合,而后期则基本上是儒道思想的结合。这种转变的发生,既有当时社会形势的变化等外在原因,但更主要的是袁氏思想发展的内在必然。综观袁宏道美学思想发展的全过程,可以看出,它始终没有突破传统的儒释道精神的框架,并不具有近代式的启蒙意义。

  17. New Members of CPAFFC Executive Council The Executive Council of the CPAFFC gained three new members in 2013——vice prcsidcnts Xie Yuan and Hu Sishe,and secretary gencral Li Xikui.


    <正>Xie Yuan,born in Beijing in 1959 and a graduate of Beijing Foreign Studies University,joined the CPAFFC in 1985 and has engaged in people-to-people diplomacy ever since,serving successively as deputy director and director of the U.S.Division,and deputy director general and director general of the Department of American and Oceanian Affairs.He worked as the First Secretary of the Embassy of the People’s Republic of China in the United States in the late 1990s.

  18. 圆运动的古中医学在平衡火罐治疗痤疮中的运用%Application of Yuan motion doctrine in treating acne by balance cupping therapy



    In this article, application of Yuan motion doctrine in treating acne by balance cupping therapy was investigated. Based on 1 cured case, the rationality of treating acne by balance cupping therapy was thought deeply and proofed forcefully.%本文探讨了圆运动的古中医学在平衡火罐治疗痤疮中的运用。笔者以1例成功治愈案例为典型,对平衡火罐治疗痤疮的合理性进行了深入思考和有力论证。

  19. A Study of the Husband - and - Son - loving Women Image in the Baogong Drama of the Yuan Dynasty%元代包公戏中爱夫爱子的女性形象述论



    The Baogong Drama of the Yuan Dynasty presents many distinctive female images. Some are clear about what to love and what to hate; some are kindhearted or delicate; and others are overbear- ing and vicious; and still others are licentious. Through about twenty female images the playwrights have shown us the characteristics of the economy, politics and culture of the Yuan Dynasty society. Through the female husband - and - son loving images, the playwrights have shown their aesthetic value and emotional orientation.%元代包公戏中塑造了众多的女性形象,这些女性形象各具特色,她们或爱憎分明,或善良柔弱,或霸道狠毒,或放荡淫乱,剧作者通过这二十几位女性形象向我们展示了元代社会特殊的经济、政治及文化风貌,并通过剧中爱夫爱子的女性形象展现了他们的审美价值和情感取向。

  20. 宋元时期河北临城的密宗陀罗尼信仰%Tantric Buddhism Dharani Belief at Hebei Lincheng of Song and Yuan Dynasties

    王晓薇; 张春芳


    Since the mid-Tang Dynasty, Tantric Buddhism mantras widely spread in the community, and combined with Dharani into one. In this paper, the author record the text of two stone columns of North Song and Yuan Dynasties and analysis the reason of construction of Jingzhuang. Tantric Buddhism Dharani belief prevalenced in Hebei Dharanifaith of Song and Yuan Dynasties. Two Buddhism Jingchuang provide reliable first-hand information for Lincheng regional culture and Hebei Buddhist culture and Hebei Buddhist Culture.%自唐中期后,佛教密宗经咒广泛流传于民间,且与陀罗尼经合而为一,陀罗尼信仰在僧、俗两界广为流传。以河北临城北宋嘉祐五年的“顶尊陀罗经幢”和元至元六年的《真定府赵州临城县崇法院普润大师寿塔记》为例,分析陀罗尼经幢的建造缘起,宋元时期河北地区陀罗尼信仰的流行情况。两座佛教经幢为研究河北临城区域文化、民间信仰和河北佛教文化史提供了可靠的一手资料。

  1. 何处是归程--宋元之际同题诗的新主题%The Poem’s New Theme with the Same Title between Song and Yuan Dynasty



    虽然同题诗由来已久,但多应制之作或交游逞才斗胜的文字游戏。宋元之际的同题诗深受政治风云的影响,典型地体现出此时期文士心态的起伏。他们或继续践行儒家的积极淑世精神,或退隐遁世,冲和求道,或介之于出世与入世之间。文士心态的起伏变化对文学创作也产生了重要影响,使得探索心灵归途成为宋元同题诗的重要主题之一。%Although the same poem has a long history, but more should be made of the work or to make friends suc⁃ceed only fight win word games. The influence of the song and Yuan Dynasties of the same poem by the political cli⁃mate, typically reflected in this period the ups and downs of the scribes mentality. Their mentality changes a great deal. These changes in the mentality of the ups and downs of literature also had a significant impact, so explore soul home has become one of the important themes in the same heading poem between Song and Yuan Dynasty.

  2. On Huang Tou, an Official in Charge of the Port Management in the Yuan Dynasty%元代海道都漕运万户西域唐兀人黄头事迹考∗



    The sea transportation was highly developed in the Yuan dynasty due to the fact there was a galaxy of talents of different nationalities involved in this endeavor. There have been many researches on personages such as Yang Shu, Zhu Qing, Zhang Xuan, Pu Shougeng, Shabudin, and Shebushi. This paper, however, focuses on Huang Tou who improved the livelihood of the transportation workers, better the port management and tackle voyage issues after the fall of Zhu Qing and Zhang Xuan in the Yuan Dynasty.%  元代航海事业发达,与各民族航海与海外贸易人才的得力经营密切相关。时任海道都漕运万户的西域唐兀人黄头在朱清、张王宣倒台以后,于武宗至大年间至仁宗延祐年间,在改善运户待遇、改善港口管理以及解决航程中的问题三方面对元代海运事业发展作出了突出贡献。

  3. Yuan Shikai in the Institutional Changes in the Late Qing Dynasty --Review of McKinnon's Power and Politics in Late Imperial China Yuan Shikai in Tianjin and Beijing(1901--1908)%晚清制度变迁中的袁世凯——评麦金农著《中华帝国晚期的权力与政治:袁世凯在天津与北京(1901-1908)》

    王先明; 牛秋实


    McKinnon's study on Yuan Shikai. and his new policy was mainly based on the following concerns: relatively speaking, we know little of the policy of the Qing Dynasty in Beijing and the external and internal pressures it suffered, even less of the empire's change of political power structure at the turn of the century. The author's research and new viewpoint were built on the basis of detailed historical data, in addition to extensive use of common historical data, such as Yuan Shikai' s Memorial, the relevant local records as Guanzong County Annals, archival material as files of the Ministry of Communications and "Customs report", the more use of the "British Foreign Office files (White Paper)" and proofread with Yuan Shileai' s Memorial. Meanwhile more materials are used from the Taipei Palace Museum, such files of the Military Confidential Administration as "the business files of Cuangxu Period, fang ben and the Memorial series". This naturally ensures the academic and credibility of the study.%麦金农对袁世凯和新政的研究,主要基于以下忧虑:相对说来,我们对清末北京政府所受的外部和内部压力知之甚少,对帝国在世纪之交的政治权力结构如何改变的情况知之更少。作者的研究和新见建立在翔实的史料基础之上,除大量运用常见史料如《袁世凯奏折》、相关地方志如《广宗县志》、档案资料如交通部档案以及“海关报告”外,更多地利用了“英国外交部档案(白皮书)”,并以此与《袁世凯奏折》比勘使用。同时,对于台北故宫博物院有关军机处的档案如“光绪朝的商务档、方本、奏编”也使用较多。这自然保证了此项研究的学术性和可信度。

  4. On the Beauty of Neutrality in the Poetic Dramas of Love between officials and Prostitutes in Yuan Dynasty%论元代士妓恋爱杂剧的中和美



    受草原游牧文化的冲击,元代的审美风尚也相应地发生了变化,呈现出多元化趋势,而不再固守传统。然而通观现存的元代士妓恋爱杂剧,无论是作品内容、情节结构、情感历程,还是整体风格上都表现出中和美的创作倾向。%Under the impact of nomadic culture , the aesthetic custom in Yuan Dynasty changed accordingly and became more diversified .From the existing poetic dramas of love between the officials and the prostitutes , we can get its beauty of neutrality in its contents , plots, emotions experience and its overall style .

  5. Retracted: Exosomes secreted by human urine-derived stem cells accelerate skin wound healing by promoting angiogenesis in rat by Yuan H, Guan J, Zhang J, Zhang R, Li M.


    The above article, published online on 21 April 2016 in Wiley Online Library (, has been retracted by agreement between the authors, the journal Editor, Sergio Schenkman, and John Wiley & Sons Ltd. The retraction has been agreed because the authors discovered inconsistent results in repeated tests. The authors and publisher apologise for any inconvenience. Reference Yuan H, Guan J, Zhang J, Zhang R, LiM(2016) Exosomes secreted by human urine-derived stem cells accelerate skin wound healing by promoting angiogenesis in rat. Cell Biol Int, Accepted Author Manuscript. © 2017 International Federation for Cell Biology.

  6. A Comment on Tao Yuan-ming's Farming Life and Related Poetry Creation%陶渊明的躬耕之路与相关诗歌创作考论



    Tao Yuan-ming had great aspiration since early youth, and also served as an official away from home in many years, but he could not adapt himself to the officialdom, and was deeply attracted by the farming life the previous hermits, which finally led to his resignation and returning to the countryside. He lived by his personal plough ever since. Tao Yuan-ming' s farming life can be divided into three stages: hesitating between farming and official career, keeping his mind on farming and his later years with illness and poverty. In the long course of his farming practices, he recognized the meaning of fanning and enjoyed his idyllic life, however he was also puzzled by war, natural calamity, hunger and cold. He responded to all those experiences in his poetry writing, thus building a complete self-image.%陶渊明少有壮志,也曾游宦多年。但是他对晋末官场的不适,前代隐者躬耕传统的感召,最终促使他解职归田,过上躬耕自足的生活。陶渊明的躬耕之路大体可分为耕仕徘徊期、安心躬耕期与老病困穷期三个阶段。在漫长的躬耕历程中,他认识了躬耕的意义,体验了田园生活的乐趣,但也饱尝了战乱、自然灾害与饥寒等方面的困扰。这些经历他都真实地反应于诗歌创作中,从而构建了一个完整的自我形象。

  7. 从婚姻习俗探究元代蒙古族的择偶观*%Analysis on Mongolian Mate Concept of Yuan Dynasty f rom Marriage Customs



    T he mate is human important psychological ,social and cultural phenomenon ,mate choice criteria are reflected in the value orientation of people of different ages .As the 13th century ,early 12th century ,the rise of Mobei - - - Mongolian nomads ,establish by force gallop Great Yuan Empire of the world ,driven by e-conomic and political as well as social customs and other factors ,the Mongolian Yuan Dynasty mate standard housekeeping road to the initial male and female mate heavy color concept evolved gradually strengthen political attributes as well as the concept of a strong first spouse social status concept ,while in the lower income adoptive marriage ,its mate outlook has changed to economic interests based .%择偶是人类重要的心理、社会及文化现象,择偶的标准是不同时代人们价值取向的反映。作为12世纪末13世纪初崛起漠北的游牧民族---蒙古族,凭借武力建立起驰骋世界的大元帝国,在其经济和政治以及社会习俗等因素的驱动下,元代蒙古族的择偶标准以最初的男看家道,女重颜色的择偶观,逐渐发展为政治属性渐趋强化以及门第观念较强的择偶观,同时在收继婚俗的影响下,其择偶观又转变为以经济利益为主。

  8. Corresponding with Heart:the Spiritual Core of Yuan Xie’s Literatural and Artical Thoughts%有契于心:袁燮文艺思想之精神内核



    袁燮文艺观的形成源于其心学思想。在文艺审美旨趣上,他推崇浑然天成之美境。为达到此种境界,袁燮提出“有契于心”的创作理念,并延伸出书以传心与画以写心的艺术命题。而且“有契于心”也是袁燮的鉴赏理念,他认为观者之于书画重点应在体悟省察作者之道心,从而使自己之本心有所感发。因此,他十分重视文艺创作主体之心性修养,认为这是使文艺作品“有契于心”的根源,也是诗书画是否具有宝藏价值的决定因素。%Yuan Xie’s view on literature and art originated in his mind studies. On the Literature aesthetic, he admired the beauty like nature itself. To achieve such a state, Yuan Xie put forward the creative ideas of“corresponding with heart”, and extends the art proposition such as calligraphy can communicate heart and paint should write the heart. And“corresponding with heart”is also his appreciation of ideas, he thought that the viewer should focus on understanding the writer’s heart of his calligraphy and painting, so that the viewer can be deeply moved. Therefore, he attached great importance to writer’s cultivation of the mind, thought of this as the ideological root-cause of“corresponding with heart”, and also a determining factor of the value of literary and artistic works.

  9. Reasons and Conditions of Tuntian in the Western Regions in the Yuan Dynasty%元代在西域屯田之原因及条件探析



    元代在西域的屯田虽然时间非常短暂,但所起的作用和影响却是显著的。元朝之所以能够在西域开展屯田,与当时统治者统治西域的指导思想有着很大关系,忽必烈对屯田事关元朝在西域统治基础的重要性认识,加之当时西域严峻的军事形势,是导致西域屯田的直接原因,而元朝政府为稳定西域采取的一些行政、军事措施,客观上促成了西域屯田的开展并取得了一定成效。%Although the period of Tuntian (have garrison troops or peasants open up wasteland and grow grain) in the western regions of the Yuan dynasty was very short, but it had a noteworthy impact and significance. The implement of Tuntian in the Yuan dynasty was greatly influenced by the ruler's guiding thought of governing the western regions. Kublai Khan's emphasis on the importance of Tuntian as a foundation of ruling the western regions and the severe martial conditions at that time were the direct impetus of Tuntian. In the meantime, the administrative and martial mesures adopted by the central government to stabilize these regions actually promoted the implement of Tuntian effectively.

  10. 《全金元词•李孝光词》校补%Proofreading and Supplement for Li Xiaoguang’s Ci’s in Complete Works of Ci’s during Jin and Yuan Dynasties



    Complete Works of Ci’s during Jin and Yuan Dynasties (《全金元词》) is edited by Tang Guizhang. It is recorded in Siyinzhai Collection of Ci’s (《四印斋所刻词》) compiled by Wang Pengyun in the Qing Dynasty that there are 22 Ci’s written by Li Xiaoguang in zhe Yuan Dynasty are included. However, the collection has quite a few missing, omssions and errors. This paper outlines the distribution of Li Xiaoguang’s Wufeng Ci’s (《五峰词》) and makes some corrections, compilations, revisions of words and expressions as well as making up the titles according to the Ming Dynasty trancript of Li Wufeng’s collection (《李五峰集》). What’s more, the author compiles five missing Ci’s and adds up additional comments.%唐圭璋编《全金元词》,据清王鹏运《四印斋所刻词》收录元李孝光词22首,然尚多遗阙疏误。兹略述李孝光《五峰词》流布情况,据山东省图书馆珍藏之明抄本《李五峰集》,对《全金元词•李孝光词》作校补,校订字句,补充词题,并辑录佚词五首,酌加按语。

  11. 《园冶》在日本的传播及其在现代造园学中的意义%A Study on Yuan Ye with Viewpoints on Its Introduction to Japan and Its Impact on Ideas of Landscape Architecture



    This paper discusses how the philosophy of Yuan Ye was conveyed to Japan, and what kind of significance this philosophy has with regard to landscape architecture today. The following research parts were included: a) the introduction of Yuan Ye philosophy to Japan; b) present editions of Yuan Ye and the differences between them; c) the trends of landscape research in Japanese; d) the essence of Yuan Ye pertinent today. This paper points out that Yuan Ye was noticed early in Japan and that this philosophy influenced fields of gardening, literature, art, etc. The modern edition of Yuan Ye by the Society for the Study of Chinese Architecture influenced present editions in Japan although incomplete parts remain. Some troubles in putting traditional concepts into modern terms were noted academically, but the essential ideas conveyed by Yuan Ye are still meaningful today.%考察了《园冶》在日本的传播和影响,并再考了《园冶》对现代造园学的启示.考察范围具体为:1)《园冶》在日本的传播;2)《园冶》的现代版和诸版本的比较;3)日本造园学最近的趋势;4)再探《园冶》之精华.结论为:《园冶》在历史上对日本的造园学、文学和美术等领域有过不同程度的影响;在营造学社的版本面世之后又对日本有过新的影响,但在与原版的对照与校正方面尚存疑点;传统的造园学在向现代接轨中尚存的问题,但《园冶》中的基本概念在现代仍有价值.

  12. 密教传播与宋元泉州石造多宝塔%Research on the Communication of Esoteric Buddhism and Quanzhou Stone Duobao Pagoda in Song and Yuan Dynasty



    As an important town of the Sea Silk Road, Quanzhou was famous for its brilliant maritime transport history and abundant multieuhural. Quanzhou was influenced by overseas cultural, including the Indian culture and Esoteric Buddhism. The 13th century invasion of the islamic in India made exodus of large numbers of tantra monks, corresponds to the frequent transportation between China and India during this period, lots of monks im- migrated to Quanzhou. They made significant impact on esotericism in Quanzhou. There are a large number of architectural monuments influenced by Es- oteric Buddhism, including Buddhist sculptures, Sanskrit seed figure, Quanzhou Kaiyuan temple, etc. Esoteric Buddhism especially influenced the stone Building of Song and Yuan dynasty, including Baoqieyin Pagoda, Duobao Pagoda and stone pillar column. In the Song and Yuan period the impact of Es- oteric Buddhism showed a trend of more intense effect and greater number of remains as time goes by. These trends were synchronous with the Quanzhou overseas transport development and prosperity gradually. This paper, taking the Duobao Pagoda in Song and Yuan dynasty as example, reveals these trends by systematic fieldwork and site investigation.%地处海上交通要道的泉州历来受到海外文化影响.亦包括印度文化及密教的渗透;13世纪伊斯兰世界对印度的入侵使大量密教僧人外逃,与这一时期中印海上交通频繁相对应,对泉州的影响也更为明显。泉州传统建筑遗迹中,有大量受到密教的影响,除在造像、梵文种子图及开元寺大殿等木构建筑中有所体现外,更多表现在宋元时期的石建筑中,如宝箧印塔、多宝塔、石经幢等;其时间段集中在宋元时期,且随着时间推移呈现出影响更浓厚、遗迹数量更多的趋势;这一趋势表现出与泉州海外交通发展渐趋繁荣的同步性。本文通过较系统的现场调研,以宋元泉州石造多宝塔为例

  13. 汪绂《医林纂要探源》的整理研究%The Collecting and Studying of Wang Fu's "YiLing CuanYao TanYuan"

    王甜; 江凌圳


    [目的]对清代名家汪绂及著作《医林纂要探源》进行系统的整理研究。[方法]应用文献整理方法,对汪绂的生平、《医林纂要探源》版本进行考证,对其治学理念、学术思想进行研究评述。对《医林纂要探源》的作者、版本和主要内容进行了系统研究。[结果]汪绂为婺源段莘人,东南名儒,生平坎坷,并常识渊博,精通医药。虽未从医,但授学著书,读书细致,治学严谨,共撰写30多种书稿。《医林纂要探源》为其医学代表作,集诸家医书分类编辑而成,现存两个清刻本和一个清抄本,其中最早的是婺源和源单氏刻本,遗经堂藏板。全书以医源为先导,以中药、方剂为重心,而推《素》《灵》微言为纲领,循叙人体病变为正宗,对中医基础理论和疾病辨证论治作了全面而深刻的阐述[结论]对汪绂及其著作《医林纂要探源》系统的整理研究有重要的文献价值,汪绂细致严谨、引经据典、博采众长的治学理念和作风值得后世继承和发扬。%Objective]Collecting and studying Wang Fu and his book "YiLing CuanYao TanYuan" systematically. [Method]Literature research on Wang Fu's life and the versions of"YiLing CuanYao TanYuan", reviewing his concept of study and academic thoughts. [Result]Confucian Wang Fu wrote more than 30 manuscripts, his medical masterpiece“YiLing CuanYao TanYuan", existing versions of two Qing printed editions and one Qing transcript, guided by medical source, centered on traditional Chinese medicine and prescription, accounted for human disease, made a comprehensive and profound elaboration on the basic theory of TCM.The recipes and traditional Chinese medicine of this book have clinical significance . [Conclusion]The collecting and studying have important literature value. These are worthy of our future generations to inherit and carry forward.

  14. Analysis on the Status and Dynamic Changes of Forest Resources in Yu'an District,Lu'an City%六安市裕安区森林资源现状与动态变化分析

    王升堂; 陈传胜; 黄敏; 倪建华


    利用裕安区2004年与2013年森林资源二类调查数据,分析了森林资源现状特点及十年间的变化。结果表明:全区林地比重较高,占土地总面积的36.31%,林地主要分布在南部低山和中部丘陵岗地地区,北部平原区相对较少;林种、龄组结构比较合理,树种结构有所改善。2004~2013年10年间林地面积、活立木蓄积、森林覆盖率和林木绿化率均实现了增长。裕安区实施生态公益林建设工程、森林增长工程、森林长廊工程取得显著成效,使森林资源快速增长,生态环境安全得到改善。%This paper analyzed the percent characteristics and developing changes of forest resources in Yu'an district according to the 2nd‐class inventory data of years in 2004 and 2013 .The results showed that percentage of the region's forest land was higher , accounting for 36 .31% of the total land area .The distribution of forest land was uneven .Forest land mainly distributed in low mountains located in the south and hilly region in the middle part .Forest resources were poor in the northern plain .The forest categories and age structure of forest were more reasonable and plant species slightly improved .The woodland area ,forest volume of stumpages ,the percentage of forest cover and greening rate achieved growth during 2004‐2013 .There was a rapid growth of forest resources and environmental security was significantly improved in Yu'an district with the implementation of ecological forest construction ,forest grow th projects ,forest corridor project .

  15. Commercial Business Like Political Affair---Zhang Yuan-ji’ s Culture Practice with His Commercial and Political Opinion%商事如政事--张元济“以政入商”下的文化运作



    The Chung Hua Book Company tried to occupy the market of the commercial textbooks through republican text-books during the 1911 Revolution. The leader of the Commercial Press,Zhang Yuan-ji,who was of great political intelligence and abundant experience and was also well known among the political,business and education circles,resolved highly adaptive solutions to the crisis. Imitating the imperial examination system,the Commercial Presss based on all kinds of cultural publica-tion no matter the old or the new things,or the things in China or abroad. And the Commercial Presss was able to survive in the turbulent times also by extending its ample interpersonal relationship so that it then developed well under the leadership of Zhang Yuan-ji and maintained its position among political,business and education circles. At the same time the Commercial Presss had been keeping great benefit and good reputation.%民元鼎革之际,中华书局以共和教科书为突破口,抢占商务教科书市场份额。面对危机,商务领导人张元济将其丰富从政经验与政治智慧导入商业模式,加之苦心经营政学商三界高端人脉有年,故得以及时调整并挽回颓势。商务也适时利用其丰沛人脉,在动荡不安的历史年代夹缝中求生存,以文化出版事业为桥梁,无分新旧左右、禹内域外,效仿科举大举储才,将各方势力活成一片,使人脉在商务这个“变相之官场”的平台上,继续在政学商界良性延展,获得了自身历史上义利双赢的黄金时代。

  16. 袁同礼的图书馆人才培植方法及启示%Yuan Tongli's Methods about Cultivating Talents of Libraries and Its Revelation



    Yuan Tongli who is an important leader of Chinese librarianship in the period of the Republic of China, he has own unique ways of cultivating talents. In selecting talents, he attached importance to knowledge basis and academic skills of talents. In using talents, he respected talents' interests and took advantage of their strengths. In cultivating talents, he provided many opportunities of academic training and advanced studying for talents. In retaining talents, he cared them and fully played leadership charisma. Yuan Tongli's methods about cultivating talents have a great inspiration for libraries today. Firstly, cultivating talents of library is a strategic issue related to librarianship development and academic progress. Secondly, libraries should moderately increase the space-level positions in favor to cultivate talents. Finally, libraries should pay attention to the establishment of long-term mechanism of cultivating talents.%民国时期中国图书馆事业的重要领导者袁同礼在培植图书馆人才上有自己独特的方法:在选才方面,重视人才的知识基础和学术功底;在用才方面,尊重人才的志趣,用人所长;在育才方面,努力为人才提供学术训练和进修深造的机会,注重人才的成长;在留才方面,关心人才,充分发挥个人的领导魅力。此方法对当今图书馆的人才培植仍有极大的启发意义。图书馆人才培养是事关图书馆事业发展、学术进步的战略问题,图书馆应适度增加空间职位层次,建立长效的人才培养机制,为人才提供多方面的成长渠道。

  17. Underwater topography detection of Shuangzi Reefs with SAR images acquired in different time

    YANG Jungang; ZHANG Jie; MENG Junmin


    Imaging mechanism of underwater topography by SAR and a underwater topography SAR detection model built on the theory of underwater topography detection with SAR image presented by Yuan Yeli are used to detect the underwater topography of Shuangzi Reefs in the Nansha Islands with three scenes of SAR images acquired in different time. Detection results of three SAR images are compared with the chart topography and the detection errors are analyzed. Underwater topography detection experiments of Shuangzi Reefs show that the detection model is practicable. The detection results indicate that SAR images acquired in different time also can be used to detect the underwater topography, and the detection results are affected by the ocean conditions in the SAR acquiring time.

  18. "Societies" of Nan Song in Notes Novels of Song and Yuan Dynasties and Causes for Their Prosperity%宋元笔记小说中的南宋“社会”及其繁盛原因



    Notes novels of Song and Yuan Dynasty have recorded various kinds of "societies" of Nan Song, including the society of entertainment, religion and making a living. The reason for their prosperity lies in the fully developed urban culture of Nan Song, the extreme custom of seeking entertainment, the psychology of seeking recognition and belonging of those who were forced to leave their home and the abnormal prosperity and decadence at the end of Nan Song.%宋元笔记小说记载了大量南宋时期各种类型组织的"社会",包括娱乐消遣型、宗教组织型和谋生服务型。这些"社会"之所以在南宋时期繁盛,离不开南宋高度发达的都市文化,浓郁的享乐风气,背井离乡者寻求认同感和归属感的心理需求,以及南宋末世的畸形繁华与颓废气象。

  19. A Summary of the Fifth National Academic Seminar of Jing Hua Yuan(镜花缘)%第五届全国《镜花缘》学术研讨会综述

    王立; 秦鑫


    2012年8月17日至18日,第五届全国《镜花缘》学术研讨会在江苏灌云召开。会议围绕《镜花缘》作者生平交游、文本生成、审美创新、《镜花缘》与的中外比较,以及小说与地方文化建设、文化产业发展等方面展开。%The Fifth National Academic Seminar of Jing Hua Yuan (镜花缘) was held in GuanyL:n, Jiangsu province from Aug. 17th to 18th, 2012. Topics such as the author's life experiences, text writing, appreciation and innovation of the text, the comparison between the novel in China and abroad, as well as the relationship be- tween the novel and the local culture construction and cultural industry development were discussed in the meeting.

  20. Illustration on Academic Characteristics and Annotation Instances of ZhiYuanYiCaoCunAn%《芷园臆草存案》学术特色及考释举例

    赵仁龙; 任杰; 焦振廉


    This paper is to introduce lifetime of LU Fu, a physician in the Ming Dynasty, and his book of Zhi Yuan Yi Cao Cun An. This book contains various subjects including exogenous disease, endogenous disease, external diseases and miscel aneous disease, though with limited cases. The academic characteristic are emphasized on three aspects:treating root of disease, pulse taking, case analysis. In this paper, some instances are given through textual researches and explanatory notes, for its obscure, refined words.%本文对明代医家卢复的生平及其医案著作《芷园臆草存案》进行论述,认为其医案虽有限,所涉则广,凡外感、内伤、外科及杂症无不及之,而所体现的学术特色大致有重视治本、重视脉诊、重视议病三个方面。《芷园臆草存案》文辞雅奥,多有不便于今人理解者,文中举数例予以考释。

  1. A View of “Horizon Fusion” From Translation of “Bidding Adieu to Yuan Junior in His Mission to Anxi”%从《送元二使安西》的译文看视野融合



    The paper introduces a brief account of the concept of “horizon fusion”, the main idea of reception aesthetics and modern hermeneutics, pointing out the important role of readers in literary activities, in fusion of horizon especially. The writer specifies that translator is both the reader and the author and translation is both the process of comprehension and innovation. Through the comparison among four translation versions of the poem entitled“Bidding Adieu to Yuan Junior in His Mission to Anxi” by Wangwei, illustrates the writer from the perspective of horizon fusion the preferable features of the one translated by Sun Dayu.%本文简述了视野融合的概念、接受关学和现代阐释学的主要观点,说明了读者的能动性在文学活动尤其在视野融合中的重要性,指出翻译者既是读者同时也是作者,翻译过程既是理解过程同时也是创造过程。作者通过对王维《送元二使安西》四个译文比较,从视野融合的角度说明了孙大雨译文的可取之处。

  2. 同济大学文远楼建设与改造设计的现代建筑思想研究%Analysis on Modern Design Philosophy in Renovation Project of Wen Yuan Building(Tongji University)



    A longitudinal/lengthwise analysis of modern design philosophy for building/renovating Wen Yuan building has been made from the perspective of form, content and concept. While the modern design movement has been revolutionary and impressive in western countries for over half a century, it was stagnant and neutral through the complex building cultural context of different times in china.%从形式、内容、观念等多视角对同济大学文远楼建设及改造设计中的现代建筑思想进行横向与纵向的比较分析,探讨了逾半个世纪以来,与西方国家振聋发聩的现代主义建筑运动不同,现代建筑思想在中国不同时代复杂的建筑文化语境下一直保持一种胶滞的“中用状态”存在方式.

  3. On the Tragic Connotation of Dramas with Love Stories. between Scholars and Prostitutes in Yuan Dynasty%元代士妓恋爱杂剧的悲剧意蕴



    The dramas with love stories between scholars and prostitutes in Yuan Dynasty have long been treated as romantic comedy of love. But because of personal pursuit and conflicts of personal fate, such dramas are full of tragic color. This is mainly expressed in three aspects: tragic depiction of geisha, violent conflict between affection and reason, and the tragic consciousness behind the reunified finale.%向来被视为元代爱情喜剧的士妓恋爱杂剧,由于个体性追求与整体性命运的冲突,其中又充满了强烈的悲剧色彩,这在剧作中主要表现在悲剧性歌妓形象的刻画,情与理的强烈冲突,隐藏在团圆结局背后的悲剧意识三个方面。

  4. 试论“随园第一女弟子”席佩兰的科举诗%Try to Discuss Imperial Civil Service Examination Poetry of Xi Peilan Who Was the First Girl Student of Yuan Mei



    Xi Peilan, famous soul school female poet lived in Changshu, who was regarded as first female poet in Qing dynasty by Yuan Mei. She had the obvious masculine consciousness extremely, moreover, she and her husband were famous poet. His husband Sun Yuanxiang, and Wang Tan, Shu Wei were regard as three Gendemen. in Jiangzuo. However, he is not smooth at the imperial civil service examination,in Xi Peilan' s poem has the record about these. Trough reading this type poetry , we can find the characteristics of the soul school of poetry and situadescription about imperial civil service examination. It had both esthetic value and cognition value.%席佩兰,清代常熟著名性灵派女诗人,被袁枚推尊为本朝第一。她有极为明显的男性意识,且伉俪能诗。其夫孙原湘与王昙、舒位合称“江左三君”,然场屋不畅,席佩兰诗中对此有所记述,该类描摹科举情状之诗颇见性灵派诗歌的特色,既具审美价值,又有认知价值。

  5. The Only Existing Copy ofXing Yuan Guang Si and the Influence of Western Civilization%孤本《性原广嗣》与西学之影响

    刘虹; 穆丽华; 苗婷秀


    Traditional Chinese medicine doctor named Wang Honghan was prominent during the Qing Dynasty and known as the first master of traditional Chinese and Western civilizations. There were as many as 18 kinds of his work, but so far only just five kinds are still existing. Each book was influenced by Western civilization.Xing Yuan Guang Si was the only existing copy of monograph which was about the fountainhead of life and fetal pregnant influenced by Western natural property and ethics theory. Original heat and original damp theory, viviparity theory and other semantic environment integrating in Western medicine were the main content about Western civilization accepted in this book.%清初医家王宏翰被称为中西汇通第一家,其著作有18种之多,但至今存世的仅有5种,各书中均有其接受西学影响之内容。《性原广嗣》现为孤本,是一部受西方性理学影响的关于性命本原及嗣育胎孕的专著,元热元湿理论、胎生理论以及融入西学的语义环境等是本书接受西学的主要内容。

  6. 袁枚《随园食单》中的美食品鉴与美食思想探究%A Probe into Food Tasting and Food Ideas in Suiyuan Recipes by Yuan Mei



    Suiyuan Recipes,a key book on foods in ancient China, gives a systematic account of cuisine theory as well as a complete record of 326 local special dishes during the Qing dynasty. Yuan Mei briefly described the production process of a specific dish as well as sampled every dish, embodying his unique food ideas.%《随园食单》是清代论述美食的重要著作,系统阐述烹饪理论的“须知单”和“戒单”,还较全面地记录了清代各地特色名菜、名点326种。袁枚不仅简单地叙述具体菜点的制作方法,而且每道菜点都进行品鉴,其中也包含着独特的美食思想。

  7. Investigation on management of physical education and hygiene in primary school of town and village of QingYuan%广东省清远市乡镇小学体育卫生管理现状的研究



      通过问卷和实地调查对清远市乡镇小学体育与卫生管理现状进行调查研究。结果发现:该地区小学体育与卫生管理机构设置欠完善,校领导对体卫工作重视不够,规章制度缺乏校本性;师资、经费和场地器材严重缺乏;常规体育卫生工作处于有数量没质量状态%  By means of questionnaire and on-the-spot investigation, this paper aims to make a study of the present situation of the management systems of physical education and hygiene in primary schools of the villages and towns of QingYuan. The results indicate that the establishment of physical education and hygienic management organization is lack of perfection, the school leaders attach less importance to physical education and hygiene, the relevant school rules and regulations are not based on its practical situation;teachers, capital, sports ground and equipments are seriously deficient; the work of regular physical education and hygiene is in quantity state without quality.

  8. The "Emptiness and Fullness" and "Intricacy" Grammar in Zuo Commentary by Wang Yuan%王源《左传评》之“虚实”、“错综”文法



    The remarks on the " emptiness and fullness" and " intricacy" grammar in Zuo Commentary by Wang Yuan are of ingenuity, forming a series of theoretical systems of its own. His "emptiness and fullness" grammar mainly lies in three aspects: vividness in "emptiness", combination of emptiness with fullness, and authentic writing. However, the " intricacy" grammar is one of the most important expressive approaches to make article structure full of change. This paper explores the special art of composition of "taking orderliness as intricacy. "%王源对《左传》中“虚实”、“错综”文法的评点可谓独出心裁,形成了自己的一套理论体系。其“虚实”文法主要体现在三个方面:“虚”处传神;“虚”、“实”结合;关于写真的问题。而“错综”文法则是使文章结构充满变化的最重要的表现手段之一,并且探究了“以整齐为错综”的特殊章法现象。

  9. The Administration of the Ethnic Regions in Northwest China during the Reign of the Mongolian Yuan Dynasty%蒙元对西北各民族地区的经营设治



    In Northwest China, during the reign of the Mongolian Yuan Dynasty, ethnic problems were complex, migration was frequent, and ethnic division and reunion became prevalent. Political instability and disruption propelled the Central Government to carry out urgent measures. Under the leadership of the princes, in Gansu Province, administrative organs at different levels were established, roads were opened and cultivation improved. These measures and practices strengthened the political relationship between the local regions and the Central Government and consolidated the unity of Northwest China.%蒙元统治时期的西北,民族情况复杂,各民族的迁徙对流频繁,民族间的分化与重组相互交叉,政治上的统一与分裂变化无常,中央政府通过亲王出镇、建立甘肃行中书省和行枢密院、设置站赤、打开交通、开展屯田垦殖等一系列措施,加强了地方与元王朝中央的政治联系,巩固了西部边疆民族地区的统一。

  10. 宋元明清时期的畜牧业技术及其在吉林的借鉴%Animal Husbandry Technology and Reference to Jilin in Song, Yuan, Ming, Qing Dynasty

    谭黎明; 徐秀文; 夏宇旭; 赵阳


    宋元明清时期是国家从分裂割据、若干民族政权并立,到各民族融合进一步加强,逐步走向中华民族的统一时期.其边疆与中原通过贸易的方式相互融合,促进了经济的发展乃至科学技术的进步,畜牧技术、兽医技术和渔业技术都有很大提高.羊、马、牛、猪、鸡、鸭、鹅都有许多优良品种涌现,并有许多史书记载了家畜禽的饲养管理方式、渔业捕捞与贩运的方式与规模.这些珍贵的农业资源遗产,对于今天畜牧业的发展具有启示意义.%The integrity of each nation was strengthened through trade during Song, Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasty, which advanced economic development and scientific techniques improvement in animal husbandry, veterinary and fishery. Fine varieties of sheep, horse, cattle, pig, chick, duck and goose occurred, the breeding and management way, fishery tracking scale were recorded in book. These precious agriculture resource heritages have significance for animal husbandry development.

  11. 《三国演义》原著成书于元代—以《三国演义》正文中的典制和俗语为中心%Study on the completion of The Romance of Three Kingdoms in the Yuan Dynasty A focus on the institutions and common sayings in the novel



    本文通过考析《三国演义》正文中的“密州”、“中山府”、“滑州”等元代地名,“太史院”、“太常院”、“枢密院”等元代官制,以及“的实”、“军士不打”等元代俗语,论证《三国演义》原著必成书于元代。因为这众多例证表明,作者最熟悉的是元代社会生活;同时,假如《三国演义》为明代成书,那么作者不可能再使用这些早已废除的元代典制和早已过时的元代俗语。%This paper proves that The Romance of the Three Kingdoms was written in the Yuan Dynasty by means of a textual research on the place names in the Yuan Dynasty, such as Mizhou, Zhongshanzhou, Huazhou etc, the official system, such as the Ministry of Astronomy, the Ministry of Ceremonies, the Privy Council, and the common sayings as well. All these examples demonstrate that the most familiar social life of the author was that of the Yuan Dynasty.

  12. National History Depending on the Tibetan People in Gansu Qinghai and under Mongolian Yuan Hermeneutic Relationship%民族史学视阙下甘青藏族与蒙元关系刍议



    In Yuan Dynasty,the central government ended the split pattem and took Tibet into China's territory,and also strengthened the governing of Tibetan in Gansu and Qinghai.This paper analyzes the relationship between Tibetan in Gansu and Qinghai and Mongolian government from Mongolian army marched south to unify the Tibetan bribes in Gansu and Qinghai. Liangzhou Meeting was the most historic event in Yuan Dynasty,and Sarbanes-friendly talks created a good relationship between Mongolian and Tibetan.To the Mongolian nobles,led by the feudal autocratic regime,with the establishment of province,setting station red,inventory accounts and other initiatives on the Qinghai-Gansu area management,as a necessary channel between Ti- betan area in Gansu and Qinghai and the Mainland Area,it also took development in socio-economy,in which "tea-horse tmde"in Tibetan area in Gansu and Qinghai deepened mutual understanding among nations and promoting the Han,Tibetan,Hui and other inter-ethnic communication and cooperation.The development of Tibetan Buddhism in Gansu Qinghai-Tibet area makes the achievements in Buddhist architecture and painting in the inter-ethnic interaction and communication.%蒙元时期.中央王朝结束了分裂格局,在将西藏纳入中国版图的同时,也加强了对甘肃青海地区藏族的统治。凉州会晤是蒙元时期甘肃最具历史性的活动.萨班和阔端的友好会谈开创了蒙、藏民族间的友好关系。以蒙古贵族为首的封建专制政权通过宗王分封、设立行省、设置站赤、清查户口等举措对甘青藏区进行管理;甘青藏区作为西藏与内地联系的必经通道.其社会经济也得到了发展,甘青藏区的“茶马贸易”加深了民族间的相互了解,促进了汉、藏、回等民族间的交流与合作;甘青藏区藏传佛教的发展,使得佛教建筑及绘画艺术在民族间的相互交流和传播中得以实现。

  13. P.2754 Kept in France is the Collected Works of Yuan Gongyu%法藏敦煌 P.2754文书为西州都督府长史袁公瑜判集考



    法藏敦煌文书 P.2754一直被定名为“安西判集”。实际上,这件文书中的判文是抄录自西州都督府的官文书,原为西州都督府长史袁公瑜所作。袁公瑜曾是唐高宗“废王立武”的功臣,龙朔三年受李义府案件牵连而外贬,麟德元年十一月前转任西州都督府长史。从判文内容看,安西都护府迁龟兹后,其与西州都督府之间确实没有相互统属的关系。%Dunhuang Manuscript P.2754 is commonly known as the “Judicial Records of Anxi.” However, this manuscript was transcribed from official documents of Xizhou and was originally written by official Yuan Gongyu, governor of Xizhou, a meritorious statesman who assisted Emperor Gaozong and Wu Zetian. Later in the third year of Longshuo era, he was involved in the case of Li Yifu and demoted. In November of the first year of the Linde era, he was assigned to be the standing governor of Xizhou. According to P.2754, there had been no mutual subornation between the Anxi Supervision Office and Xizhou government after the Anxi Supervision Office was moved to Kizil.

  14. On the Research of Literary Acceptance History with Tolerance: Discussion with Dr. Yuan%对“接受史研究”应在宽容中接受——与袁晓薇博士商榷



    Dr. Yuan Xiaowei has analyzed the errors in the current research of literary acceptance history and offered several good methods to break away the dilemma in her paper " Do not Let ' Acceptance' Be ' Universal' : on the Dissociation and Surmouting of Acceptance History of Ancient Literature", which is worth affirmation. However, in this paper, some views and comments are biased and will make readers have misunderstandings on the status of research of literary acceptance history, which is not conducive for the further research. To the newly-born research of literary acceptance history, tolerance should be given rather than blame.%袁晓薇博士的论文《别让“接受”成为一个筐——谈古代文学接受史研究的变异和突围》分析了当今接受史研究的误区,并给出了几条“突围”的良方,值得肯定。但该文中一些观点与评述存在偏颇之处,会使读者对接受史研究的现状产生诸多误解,不利于接受史研究的进一步推进。对于新兴的接受史研究来说,与其过于苛责,不如更多地予以宽容。

  15. 简析袁禾《中国舞蹈美学》中的生命灵动%The Original Beauty and Inner Aesthetic Intention of Yuan He's Dance Theory



    本文旨在从历史的角度探索袁禾舞蹈美学思想的情感本质和精神内涵。作者试图以舞蹈美学的生命性、历史性和真理性来解读袁禾舞蹈美学理论的特点,进而阐明舞蹈与人类、与历史、与真理的关系。舞蹈学不会告诉我们应该喜欢什么,但确实可以给予我们方法以做出明智的选择。同样,我们也必须使用历史学方法,这样才可以更好地理解舞蹈美学的深层含义。%This article aims to explore emotional essence and aesthetic connotations of professor Yuan He's dance theory,from a perspective of history.The author tries to make some study and interpretation of changes in the pattern that is,the historical background of style,the theoretical ideas such as the relationship between dance and love,and the psychology of performing.The purpose of these discussions is to clarify trends and to stimulate thinking on dance art and human society,since dance does not tell us what to like,but it does give us the means to make intelligent choice.We must use historical methods and cultural theory of acceptance,then the deep meaning of dance art can be well understood.

  16. A Comparison of two Kind of Women’s Image in the Drama of Gifted Scholars and Beautiful Ladies in the Yuan Opera%元杂剧才子佳人戏中两种佳人形象的比较



    The image of women in the drama of gifted scholars and beautiful ladies in the Yuan Opera is mainly divided into the miss of a renowned family and the brothel female. Many commentators argued that the two types have no substantial difference except the identity mark. The article compared the similarities and differences in the drama of gifted scholars and beautiful ladies. The article holds, the similarities are talent, appearance and love, the differences are identity, character and initiativeness. The reason of the similarities is the conflict and fuse of two kind of national culture, while the reason of the differences is the writer’s creative psychology.%元杂剧才子佳人戏中佳人形象主要分为闺阁少女、青楼妓女两种类型,众多论者认为两种佳人形象除了身份标注,并无实质区别。文章以《元曲选》中才子佳人戏为考察对象,比较闺阁少女和青楼妓女两种佳人形象内涵的异同。文章认为,两种佳人形象之才貌、情及对爱情的追求有相似的一面,但由于佳人身份的不同带来了性格、主动性的差异,导致了情节发展的不同。元杂剧中佳人形象之“同”是元代社会两种民族文化观念冲突、交融的结果,佳人形象之“异”是剧作家不同的创作心理所造就的。


    余翰武; 陆琦; 伍国正


    As an important traffic hub, the middle and upper reaches of Yuan River are the main path linking the eastern and southwestern regions of China in economic technology and supply transfer.Which objectively resulted in the fusion and integration of various cultures and profoundly reflected in all kinds of construction activities in this area, so as to form the particularity of the architectural culture.By summarizing the plane of the type and construction characteristics of a typical building—“Yingziwu” and analyzing the reasons of its formation, it was pointed out that the“Yingziwu” is the typical regional architecture which was jointly formed by local society, economy, history and natural environment.%沅水中上游区域是我国东部地区与西南地区经济技术及物资流转的必经之地,起着引东接西、连南通北的重要作用,客观上造就了该区域多种文化的交融和整合,并深刻地反映在各类营造活动中,形成了该地域建筑文化的特殊性。通过归纳该流域的一类典型建筑———“窨子屋”的平面基本类型和建筑特征,分析其形成的原因,认为窨子屋是当地社会、经济、历史乃至自然环境共同作用下形成的典型的地域性建筑。

  18. A Study on the Poetic Style of NaiXian, a Qarluq Poet in Yuan Dynasty%元代葛罗禄族诗人延贤诗风考论



    NaiXian is a Qarluq poet in the later Yuan dynasty. His poems can be devided into four styles: clear and magnificent, bright and beautiful, sober and elegance, straight and agitative. The first style is derived from the influence of the poetry in flourishing Tang dynasty, especially Libai's Gexing. The second style is related to NaiXian's experience in the south of Yangzi River. The later two styles are derived from the influence of the great masters of poem in Tang and Song dynasties, such as Du Fu, Bai Juyi, Huang Tingjian and LuYou, etc. Moreover, the nationality and folk subject matter in NaiXian's poems are also helpful to construct the two preceding styles.%元代后期葛罗禄族诗人廷贤的诗风可分为清雄峻拔、明丽清逸、沉郁典雅、亢直激越等四种类型,其清雄峻拔的诗风源自盛唐诗歌尤其是李白歌行的影响,明丽清逸的诗风与超贤的江南经历有关,其沉郁典雅与亢直激越的诗风主要受唐宋诗歌诸大家如杜甫、白居易、黄庭坚、陆游等人的影响。此外,趣贤诗中的民族性与民间性的题材,也有助于其清雄峻拔和明丽清逸风格的形成。

  19. 元末乱世中士大夫的历史命运及其价值抉择%Scholar-officials' Historical Destiny and Value Choice in the Late Yuan Dynasty



    元末农民战争期间,士大夫的历史命运陷入空前的危机和困境。一方面,兵戈峥嵘之际,他们在无奈、怨恨、感怆和丧亡之中,承受了命丧兵祸的生命危机、离散颠踬的生活危机和文教毁弃的文化危机。另一方面.战乱也导致了士大夫的人格分裂与心理异化,使其成为精神上的离群索居者和进退失据者,他们徘徊于出仕与遁隐之间,依违于忠义与叛逆之间,并对儒家伦理道德产生了质疑,从而呈现出复杂多变的价值抉择和心路历程。%In the peasant war towards the late Yuan Dynasty, scholar-officials fell into unprecedented crisis and dilemma. On the one hand, they endured war-threatening life crisis and cultural crisis, and they felt helpless, resentment and sad in the war. On the other hand, the war also caused the splitting personality and psychological alienation of literary intelligentsias, made them not know what to do next. They hovered between the official career and retirement, loyalty and rebellion. Moreover, they began to doubt the Confucian ethics and morals. Thus, complicated value choices and idea courses were presented among them.

  20. Analysis of Variations and Factors of Water Use Amount per Ten Thousand Yuan GDP in China Based on a Complete Decomposition Model%基于完全分解模型的中国万元GDP用水量变动及因素分析

    佟金萍; 马剑锋; 刘高峰


    Water use amount per ten thousand Yuan GDP is an important macro criterion for water resources. Our goal is to lower it at the next stage. It is necessary to fully understand change characteristics and influencing factors of China’s water use amount per ten thousand Yuan GDP to achieve the goal. The total change in water use amount per ten thousand Yuan GDP should be decomposed to separate out effects of each factor on it. Based on the Laspeyres index and complete decomposition theory, a complete decomposition model of water use amount per ten thousand Yuan GDP was built. Variations and factors of water use amount per ten thousand Yuan GDP for the primary, secondary, and tertiary industries in 31 provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities for the period 1997-2009 were analyzed from the perspective of industry and region. Results show that: 1) there was a significant decrease in water use amount per ten thousand Yuan GDP in China between 1997 and 2009. 2) It is the primary factor of water use amount per ten thousand Yuan GDP of China that an improvement in water use efficiency of all industries and regions caused by technological advancement has been made. At industrial levels, the main contribution was made by that improvement in efficiency at regional levels made by the primary and tertiary industries and east, middle, and west China was remarkable. 3) At industrial levels, the structure change in the tertiary industry was also the important reason for lowering water use amount per ten thousand Yuan GDP. 4) At regional levels, compared with the prominent contribution made by the improvement in efficiency, the effect was not noteworthy that the magnitude of the regional structure change was relatively small. But the contribution rate made by regional structure change between 2007 and 2009 cannot be negligible. The reason is that in west and middle areas where water use amount per ten thousand Yuan GDP is relatively high, the ratio of economy is

  1. Globalization, Polanyi, and the Chinese Yuan


    Archive/2004/Sep/23-184387.html (accessed June 12, 2007). 99 ŖND LD: APEC Finance Chiefs Paper over Forex Flexibility Issue," Kyodo News...2006). ŖND LD: APEC Finance Chiefs Paper Over Forex Flexibility Issue." Kyodo News International, Inc. and The Gale Group.

  2. Relationship between the Mongolia Family of Lord Bin and the Ejina Prefecture in the Yuan Dynasty%蒙古豳王家族与元代亦集乃路之关系


      蒙古豳王出伯一族系察合台后裔,1277至1282年间脱离察合台汗国而投归元廷忽必烈麾下,被委以重任,长期驻守河西走廊西端的肃、瓜、沙及西域东部的哈密地区,始终处于抵御窝阔台汗海都、察合台汗都哇等西北诸王叛乱的第一线。透过黑水城元代汉文文书,如《大德四年军粮文卷》、仁宗朝文献(编号F116:W561)、TK204文书、TK248文书等,可见作为元代之军事集结地与物资供给地的亦集乃路以其特殊的地理位置,成为了元朝西北边防线上的重要军事堡垒,而活跃于西陲重地的豳王出伯家族一直与其保持着密切的联系,互相引以为援,从而进一步巩固了西北边防。%the clan of Chu Bo, Mongolian Lord Bin, was the offspring of Chagatai Khanate. They broke away from Chagatai Khanate and submitted to Kublai Khan from 1277 to 1282. They were entrusted with the important task to garrisoning the Suzhou, Guazhou, and Hami regions at the west end of the Hexi Corridor, the front line of defending against rebellions of the other lords such as Ogadai Khan and Chagatai Khan. The Yuan dynasty Chinese documents from Khara-Khoto, including F116:W561, TK204, and TK248, suggest that Ejina Prefecture, which enjoyed a special geographical position and served as the place for military buildup and material supply, became an important fortress on the northwestern defense line, and kept a close relation with the clan of Lord Bin, who were active in that region. They worked together to enhance the stability of the northwestern border.

  3. Clinical Experience of Professor WU Sheng-yuan Using Qianyang Fengsui Dan in Treatment of Rheumatism%吴生元教授应用潜阳封髓丹治疗风湿病的经验

    李兆福; 刘维超; 彭江云; 吴生元


    Fengsui Dan first appeared in “Qixiao Liangfang”writed by Dong Su in Ming dynasty and Qianyang Dan was invented by Zheng Qinan in Qing dynasty,but later medical scientists often use the two together,which is called Qianyang Fengsui Dan by Wu Pei-heng. Professor Wu Sheng-yuan is good at using the recipe in treatment of rheumatism. Through compatibility of medicines on the basis of the original prescription(amomum villosum,monkshood,tortoiseshell,liquorice and cortex phellodendri),He can make Qianyang Fengsui Dan have some effects,such as clearing upper-jiao,warming lower-jiao,guiding fire to origin,making Qi belongs to the kidney,supporing Yang Qi and producing Yin jin,etc. It has a good curative effect in treatment of rheumatism,such as heat in the upper and cold in the lower syndrome,and cold-heat complex syndrome resulted by nonhoming lower-jiao archaeus and flaming of asthenia-fire,so which is worth further studying and spreading.%封髓丹首见于明·董宿《奇效良方》,潜阳丹为清·郑钦安所创,后世医家常将二者合方应用,吴佩衡称之为“潜阳封髓丹”。吴生元教授擅用潜阳封髓丹治疗风湿病,在原方的基础上(砂仁、附子、龟板、甘草、黄柏)加减配伍,能清上温下,引火归元,纳气归肾,助阳生津,对于下元不藏、虚火上浮之上热下寒、寒热错杂之风湿病具有良好的疗效,值得深入研究和推广应用。

  4. Qu Yuan’ s Collected Biography in Historical Records and the Two Dimensions of Criticizing Qu Yuan in Han Dynasty%《史记·屈原列传》与汉代屈原批评的两个维度



    In Han dynasty , Qu Yuan is a focus of literary criticism , the views are very different , and the argument is fierce . But the criticism modes in Han Dynasty are the same that are from two dimensions , historical image and literary image .Historical image is suitable for describing Qu Yuan’s literature creation, and this is the criticism of the writer, Qu Yuan.Literary image is shown as the criticism of Qu Yuan’s works, and this is Criticism of Qu Yuan’s works.The literary image made by Qu Yuan himself offered the wide space for commentators to explain in Han dynasty .Except Qu Yuan , literary criticism paid no attention to writers in Han dynasty, and the reason is imagination was the main approach of Fu , which is essentially different from Qu Yuan’s poems.The writers of Fu only have historical images , and they did not make their literary images which offered the wide space for commentators to explain.%两汉时代,屈原批评成为文学批评的焦点,观点纷纭而论争激烈。但汉代的屈原批评所遵循的模式则是一致的,即围绕着《史记·屈原列传》所开创的历史形象和文学形象两个维度而展开,历史形象适用于总体上阐述屈原文学创作情形,也就是作者论;文学形象则表现为有关屈原作品内容的批评,即作品论。屈原自我塑造的文学形象,给汉人提供了多重阐释的空间和可能。屈原之外,汉代赋家本身已不再为文学批评所关注,这与汉赋不同于屈骚的“实”而采取“虚”的创作倾向有关。汉代赋家游离于汉赋作品之外,并没有为文学批评提供再度阐释文学形象维度。

  5. On Nanxi’s Folk Creation and Literary Creation-From Zhang Xie Zhuang Yuan to A Tale of Pipa%论南戏的民间性与文人化--从《张协状元》到《琵琶记》



    After the appearance of A Tale of Pipa,the Nanxi (Southern Drama)of Song and Yuan Dynasties was divided into two groups which were the Folk Nanxi and Literati Nanxi.Zhang Xie Zhuang Yuan and A Tale of Pipa respectively represented the folk creation of Nanxi and the literati creation of Nanxi.Due to the different creation backgrounds and identities of the writers,the two dramas differed and shared something with regard to their themes and storylines,and they showed an overlap between the folk feature and the literati feature,reflecting the process of development and changes of Nanxi from vulgarity to refinement.%宋元南戏自《琵琶记》产生之后,便分为民间南戏与文人南戏两路发展。《张协状元》与《琵琶记》分别代表了南戏民间创作与文人创作的特色。由于创作背景、剧作者身份不同等因素,两部戏的主题设置、故事情节的敷演同中有异,民间性与文人化相互交叠,体现了南戏由俗化到雅化的发展变化过程。

  6. 金源人物风流散,易代臣搜普济方--《续夷坚志》的故国之思%With the Decline and Fall of Jin Dynasty,Yuan Haowen Haowen Explored Feasible Salvage Conception for Civilian---Nostalgia of“Xu Yi j ianzhi”



    Hong Mai of Song Dynasty writed mystery novel“Xu Yijianzhi” ,Yuan Haowen in Jin Dynasty composed its sequels“XuYijianzhi”in his later years .It includes a series of vivid account of the social phenomenon of Jin Dynasty and early Yuan with profound ideological and artistic features .This article discusses the nostalgia of“Xu Yijianzhi”through its text analysis ,including criticism of the war ,celebration of the government and the public ,which keeps the old state literatures and records local conditions .%《续夷坚志》是元好问晚年撰写的一部笔记小说集,书名承袭南宋洪迈所著《夷坚志》。其虽为志怪小说,却生动记述了金末元初的社会现象,具有深刻的思想和艺术特点。通过对《续夷坚志》进行文本分析,论述了其中体现出来的作者的故国之思。元好问极力反对战争,赞扬优秀的官民,尽力留存旧邦文献,记录风土人情,用一种独特的方式把对故国的怀恋倾注于小说的字里行间。

  7. 元朝统治者信奉藏传佛教倚重萨迦派的原因探析%Reason Analysis of the Rulers of the Yuan Dynasty Believing in Tibetan Buddhism and Relying Heavily on the Sakyapa Sect

    李文萍; 张付新


    The rulers the Yuan dynasty converted to Tibetan Buddhism and relied heavily on the Sakyapa sect to manage local affairs in Tibet, which became one of their management and governance policies in Tibet. An analy⁃sis has been done on the reasons of why the Yuan’s rulers executed the policy by referring to a large number of historical facts, and it is found that the rebellions of other Mongolian tribes in Central Asia and the close relation⁃ship between the Sakyapa and Mongolian royalty were the main reasons why the Yuan rulers adopted this policy.%元朝统治者选择信仰藏传佛教,并倚重萨迦派管理西藏地方事务,成为其管理和治理西藏的策略之一。文章基于大量的历史事实,分析了藏传佛教界对蒙古王室的积极传教,元朝中央为应对中亚蒙古宗王的反叛以及萨迦派与元王室的联姻等是影响元统治者采取这一政策的重要因素。

  8. The 2011 Symposium of Cancer Rehabilitation and Palliative Care Committee, Hubei, China was held in Wuhan, China Professor Yuan Chen was elected as the new chairmen of Cancer Rehabilitation and Palliative Care Committee, Hubei, China%2011年湖北省癌症康复与姑息治疗学术年会在武汉召开——同济医院陈元教授当选为新一届主任委员

    Yi Cheng


    @@ On Dec.9th, 2011, the 2011 Symposium of Cancer Rehabilitation and Palliative Care Committee, Hubei was held in Wuhan, China.The symposium was hosted by Cancer Rehabilitation and Palliative Care Committee, Hubei, and jointly undertaken by Tongji Hospital, China.More than 100 cancer experts, clinicians and nurses participated in the conference.Professor Yuan Chen, from Tongji Cancer Center, Tongji Hospital, China, was elected as the new chairmen of Cancer Rehabilitation and Palliative Care Committee, Hubei, China.

  9. 社会科学与自然科学规律普适性初探 --从中国古代科技高峰出现在宋元时期说起%The approach to the universal applicability of the laws ofsocial sciences and natural science  --On the appearing of China's ancient science andtechnology in the Song and Yuan Dynasties



    通过牛顿定律与中国古代科技高峰出现在宋元的事实的对比和研究,论述规律的普适性。%This paper expounds the universal applicability of the laws of science and technology, by means of the contrast and research between Newton's Law and the fact that China's ancient peak of science and technology appeared in the Song and Yuan Dynasties.

  10. The world of Khubilai Khan --the Research on Yuan Dynasty's Practical Art Exhibited in Metropolitan Museum%可汗忽必烈的世界——记大都会元代中国艺术展之实用美术



    In Yuan Dynasty, Khubilai Khan unified China, it's a new era that ethnic and society integrated greatly. In the field of arts, including painting, sculpture, gold and silver crafts, silk, ceramics, lacquer ware and other decorative arts, had created a new form and style. The change is not only due to the new political and economic development and social environment for artistic creation, but attributed to the exchanges between Yuan Dynasty and the other countries and regions. Religious and seeular factors played significant roles in the art. This paper will focus on the exhibition held in the fall of 2010 in the Metropolitan Museum in New York, it mostly introduces the art works about the daily necessities, clothing, architectures, the related art forms and expressing means manifest the artistic innovation in the Yuan Dynasty, and the artistic transition has a great impact on the future generations.%元代,忽必烈统一中国后,民族和社会进入到一个新的融合期。在艺术上,包括绘画、雕塑、金银器、丝织品、陶瓷、漆器和其他装饰艺术,都产生了新的形式和风格变化。这既归因于新的政治经济发展和社会文艺创作的环境,也和元代与其它国家地区间的交流相关,宗教性和世俗性开始在艺术表现突出。2010年秋季在纽约大都会博物馆展出的日用品、服装、建筑,从艺术形式和表现方法都体现了元代艺术的革新之处,对后世的实用美术产生了积极影响。

  11. 对《后汉书·延笃传》所载屈原庙遗迹的历史考察%The Historical Investigation on the Remains of Qu Yuan Temple in The History of the Later Han Dynasty·The Biography of Yan Du



    Qu Yuan Temple written in The History of the Later Han Dynasty·The Biography of Yan Du is the first time recorded in the official history. It is located in ancient Chou County, Pingdingshan City, Henan Province. In other words, the earliest remains of Quyuan Temple is in Lushan County Pingdingshan City, Henan Province.%《后汉书·延笃传》所记载的屈原庙,系正史所载最早的。其地域在今河南平顶山市。古犨县,在今鲁山县境内。也就是说,最早的屈原庙遗迹,在今河南省平顶山市鲁山县境内。

  12. On the Academic History Value of Paperback Books Collected by Chen Yuan--A Concurrent Discussion on the Value of the National Library ’s Book Collection from Social Donation%陈垣藏平装本图书的学术史价值--兼论国图馆藏社会捐赠图书的价值



    接受社会捐赠,是图书馆馆藏资源建设的重要途径。文章以国家图书馆所藏著名历史学家、校勘学家陈垣先生赠书中的平装本图书为切入点,通过对陈垣先生治学之路的总括,深入分析了陈垣先生所藏平装本图书的来源——朋友圈、同事圈、学生圈之间的往来投赠,揭示了陈垣藏平装本图书的学术史价值。文章通过对陈垣平装本图书的分析,提出应该重视图书馆社会捐赠图书的整理与研究。%Accepting social donation is an important approach of library resource construction. With the paperback book collection in the National Library donated by Mr. Chen Yuan( a famous historian and emenda⁃tor) as the breakthrough point, this article, by an overall summary of his way of academic research, has a deep analysis of the sources of Mr. Chen Yuan ’s paperback book collection---gift exchanges from circles of friends, colleges and students, and it reveals the academic history value of those books. Through an analysis of Chen Yuan’s paperback books, the article proposes that importance should be attached to the reorganization, revela⁃tion and research of the library ’s books from social donation.

  13. Yuan Baoheng and the Famine in the Late of 1870s in Henan:From the Perspective of Fundraising%袁保恒与河南“丁戊饥荒”--以筹款为视角的研究



    The famine occurred in the early years of Guangxu was a serious disaster for Henan and Shanxi province.Because of a large populated land and damaged area,the task of disaster relief was arduous for the local government.Yuan baoheng went back to Henan with the task from the central government to help the local disaster relief.In this period,he worked hard to petition funds from the Qing government,ask help from the eastern and southern provinces and raise founds form the local places.With great effort,he made some achievements and the pressure was alleviated.Yuan made great contribution for the famine in Henan.%光绪初年的“丁戊饥荒”中,河南、山西等地受灾严重。因河南地广人稠、受灾面广,赈务异常繁重。袁保恒奉命回籍,帮办河南赈务。在帮办赈务期间,他上书朝廷,争取清廷拨款,并多方寻求东南各省的援助,积极从本省筹款,廉洁奉公,鞠躬尽瘁。在袁保恒的努力之下,筹款取得一定成果,缓解了河南赈灾的压力,为河南“丁戊饥荒”做出了不可磨灭的贡献。

  14. On the Historical Position of Law on Vessels for Maritime Trade of Yuan Dynasty in the Ancient Customs Laws%论元代《市舶则法》在古代海关法中的历史地位



    The beginning of Yuan Dynasty saw a full opening to the outside world and a flourishing and growing economy.However,due to the sustained old regulations of Song Dy-nasty on vessels for maritime trade,there occurred many cases of embezzlement.After sum-ming up the experience and lessons of Song’s legislation,Kublai Khan,the founder of Yuan Dynasty,formulated, issued and implemented Law on Vessels for Maritime Trade in Zhiyuan Period,which was later modified in Yanyou Period.A comparison between the duties of the Department of Maritime Trade with those of current Customs administration reveals similarities in general between those two.Thus,it can be argued that Law on Vessels for Maritime Trade is an outstanding ancient Customs code.%元初全面对外开放,社会经济繁荣和增长。由于仍沿用宋代市舶管理旧制,出现多起营私舞弊案件,元世祖忽必烈总结宋代历朝《编敇》经验和教训,制订、颁布和实施至元《市舶则法》,后经修改实施延祐《市舶则法》。通过市舶司具体职责与当代海关具体职责的比较,可以发现市舶司总体职能与当代海关总体职能相通,元代《市舶则法》是一部杰出的古代海关法典。

  15. 论元南戏中的“贪淫破家”悲剧——《小孙屠》解读%Tragedy of Adultery in Southern Ancient Chinese Opera of Yuan Dynasty——A Study on Xiao Sun Tu



    元南戏《小孙屠》是以从良妓女贪淫破家的故事为主要表现对象的悲剧性作品,旨在劝诫世人:妓女性淫,不可娶以为妇。但剧作的意义不仅在此,她揭示了妓女制度对“良人女”心灵的扭曲与毒害,把奸情与官府的昏庸腐败联系起来,概括了丰富的社会生活内容,提升了剧作的思想意义和认识价值。剧中有清官出现,但她与旨在颂扬清官断案的公案剧和清官戏有所不同。《小孙屠》观察生活的视角和评价生活的尺度具有东方特色,反映了东方劳动群众的婚姻家庭观念和社会理想。%Xiao Sun Tu, Southern ancient Chinese opera of Yuan Dynasty, warns people that whores are lewd and are not suitable to become wives by telling us a story of how a married woman ruins her family by unchaste conduct. The play suggests ancient prostitute system distort and poison “gentlewoman's soul”, mirrors the harsh reality and the corruption of officials of Yuan Dynasty. The play contains rich portraits and description of ancient society, which highlight the ideal value.

  16. New Evidence of the Life Story of Kong Yuan’s Uncle Chen Bingsheng--A Monographic Study on Kong Yuan (八)%孔原胞叔陈丙生身世新证--孔原研究专题(八)



    The research on Kong Yuan’s uncle Chen Bingsheng is an indispensible part of the study of Kong Yuan. There was a breakthrough in the previous investigation. The descendants of Bingshen’s two orphan daughters were found and interviewed. It was discovered that Bingsheng’s name is in his son-in-law’s family genealogy. New evidence was found with the 1939 version of Kong Yuan’s original family genealogy obtained recently. Compared with the 1939 version, the 1944 version has got the information of Kong Yuan’s mother Chen, stepmother Yao and uncle Tongyin (Bingsheng) added, which further reveals that Bingsheng is the uncle of Kong Yuan, a blood relative.%提孔原胞叔陈丙生之论,是研究孔原不可分割的组成部分。前阶段性调查的突破性进展,是寻访到丙生所遗两孤女的后人,访见到两孤女夫家族谱牒所载丙生之名。近期调查新证据是又获孔原本宗1939编陈氏联修谱,与1944版比较,1944版谱新增孔原生母龚氏、继母姚氏、弟铁怀,孔原胞叔同寅(丙生)四人资讯,进一步揭示了丙生为孔原胞叔的血亲关系。

  17. Effect of Cultural Ecology in Song and Yuan Dynasties on the Creation of The Popular Romance of the Three Kingdoms%论宋元文化生态对《三国志通俗演义》成书的影响



    From the perspective of the comparative study of Popular Stories of The Three Kingdoms and Dramas of The Three Kingdoms of Yuan Dynasty,this paper explores the similarities and differences of the two works in thought tendencies,characters and plots from the angle of the clutch and blending of heterogeneous culture.In this way readers can profoundly understand the influences of special cultural ecology in the two works during Song and Yuan Dynasty on the textual research of The Popular Romance of the Three Kingdoms.Therefore the paper finally comes to the analysis of the internal mechanism of the textual research of literary classics represented by The Popular Romance of the Three Kingdoms.%本文以同为三国题材说唱文学的《三国志平话》和元杂剧三国戏的比较研究为视角和切入点,从异质文化离合与交融的角度探讨二者在思想倾向、人物情节等方面的异同,从而深入理解和把握宋元时期特殊的文化生态对《三国志通俗演义》成书的影响,并把文章的落脚点归结为对以《三国志通俗演义》为代表的世代累积型文学名著成书的内在机制的论析。

  18. 元明清时期中缅关系与中国西南开放的历史经验与教训%Sino-Burmese relations in the Yuan,the Ming and the Qing dynasties and the historical experience and lessons obtained from southwest China's opening-up to the outside world



    The Sino-Burmese relations in ancient times and southwest China's opening-up to the out-side world had a complicated history of over two thousand years,whose study from the perspective of friendly relations or on the basis of short-term investigations could not reveal its truth and rich impli-cations.From a macro-perspective,this paper focuses on the Sino-Burmese relations since the Yuan dynasty because it was from the Yuan dynasty that the Sino-Burmese relations began to have strong and comprehensive influence on southwest China's opening-up to the outside world.The Yuan dynasty established Yunnan administrative province,the courier stations and the system of Tusi officials in the north of present-day Myanmar,which laid a solid foundation for a closer Sino-Burmese relation in the geographical,institutional and transport aspects.In the early period of the Yuan dynasty,the Central Government appointed quite a few Tusi officials in present-day Myanmar who would pay tribute to the Imperial Court and promoted the socio-economic development and the opening-up to the outside world.However,due to its poor knowledge of the actual situations in Burma,the Yuan dynasty in its mid-period and later period was unable to fight against the rising Toungoo dynasty that launched a northern invasion,which resulted in the setbacks of southwest China's opening-up to the outside world.The Qing dynasty did nothing better that the two previous dynasties in terms of its opening-up to the outside world.The Qing dynasty in its early period carried out a conservative policy and banned the private mines in Sino-Burmese borderlands.The Qing dynasty in its mid-period had a war(1766~1770)with the Toungoo dynasty and when the war was over,the Toungoo dynasty resumed its pay-ing tribute to the Qing dynasty and maintained a stable border trade.The Qing dynasty in its later pe-riod began to seriously carry out its opening-up policy,but it was under the restraint of the British co-lonialist invasion

  19. Impacts of Cyprus' European Union Accession on Turkish Cypriot Cooperatives = Avrupa Birliği Üyeliği'nin Kuzey Kıbrıs Kooperatifleri Üzerine Etkileri


    Full Text Available This paper is about Cooperative enterprises in the European Union (EU and how they fulfill the needs and aspiration of their members and stakeholders. It considers the contribution that they make to European economy and society. Additionally, a detailed discussion is provided for the impacts of a probable Cyprus' integration to the EU on the Turkish Cypriot co-operative movement. In this study, the following sections will take place: - Introductory part related to concept and importance of cooperatives.- History of cooperatives in the European Union.- Principles of cooperatives.- Development of cooperatives in the European Union.- Impacts of Cyprus-EU integration on Turkish Cypriot cooperatives.- Conclusion.


    赵宇倩; 唐偲琦; 王海英; 彭锦瑞; 陈雅薇; 俞捷; 吴璟屿; 帅才; 宋雅晴


    [Objective] To find out the status of nutritional knowledge, attitude and practice and the food frequency of breast-feeding women in Han Yuan region, and provide scientific basis of nutritional education for breast-feeding women.[ Methods] 100 breast-feeding women living in Han Yuan county were inquired face-to-face by self-produced questionnaire.[ Results] The level of nutritional KAP for the breast-feeding women in Han Yuan county was low, and the qualification rate was 20%. There was obvious positive correlations among nutritional K, A and P; the nutritional attitude were generally good;problema of practice were: insufficient of apecific foods such as dairy and eggs products, legume and pluck, the frequency of cereals, vegetables and fruits were reasonable. [ Conclusion] The current nutritional knowledge and diet pattem for local breast-feeding women should be improved. The advantage of well-mannered nutritional attitude should be taken to carry out intervene of nutritional health education and enhance nutritional education for breast-feeding women and her family, in order to impmve the health of both mothers and offspring.%[目的] 了解汉源地区哺乳期妇女营养相关知识、态度、行为及食物摄入频率的现状,为哺乳期妇女营养教育工作的开展提供科学依据.[方法] 采用自制问卷对汉源县100名哺乳期妇女进行面对面问卷调查.[结果]汉源县哺乳期妇女营养相关知识、态度及行为总体水平较差,合格率为20%;营养K、A、P之间有明显正相关性;营养态度普遍较好;营养行为中的主要问题是:哺乳期特殊需要食物如奶类、蛋类、豆类、动物内脏等摄入不足,谷类、蔬菜、水果类食物的摄入频率较为合理.[结论] 目前当地哺乳期妇女人群的营养知识和饮食模式有待改善,可利用营养态度普遍较好的有利条件,开展系列营养健康教育干预活动,加强哺乳期妇女及家人的营养教育,以促进母子健康.

  1. 加味复元通气散治疗腰椎间盘突出症84例疗效观察%Clinical Observation on Treatment of 84 Cases with Lumbar Disc Herniation by Modified FuYuan TongQi Powder

    严文有; 殷秀萍; 李有成; 张晶; 严银芳


    Objective:To observe the VAS and JOA scores for symptoms of patients with lumbar disc hernia-tion after treating with modified FuYuan TongQi powder. Methods: Totally 84 patients of lumbar disc herniation were randomized into treatment group and control group with 42 cases in each. The cases of treatment group were administered modified FuYuan TongQi powder while those of control group given delayed release capsules di-clofenac sodium. The VAS and JOA scores and therapentic effect of patients in both groups after and before treat-ment were recorded. Results:In treatment group, the cases of clinical control were 29, marked effectiveness 6, effec-tiveness 5 and no effectiveness 2, the total effective rate of treatment was 95.24%;while in control group, those of clinical control were 26, marked effectiveness 8, effectiveness 5 and no effectiveness 3, the total effective rate of treatment was 85.71%, and differences of therapeutic effect in treatment group were significantly better than that in control group;the differences of VAS and JOA scores between two groups had no statistical meaning (P>0.05) be-fore treatment, while after treatment those differences are significant (P<0.01). Conclusion:The modified FuYuan TongQi powder can effectively improve the signs of lumbar disc herniation, relieve lumbago and limbs pain.%目的:观察加味复元通气散治疗腰椎间盘突出症VAS评分及JOA评分变化。方法:将腰椎间盘突出症患者84例随机分为2组,治疗组42例口服加味复元通气散,对照组42例口服双氯芬酸钠缓释胶囊。2组均在用药前后观察患者VAS、JOA评分及临床疗效。结果:治疗组临床控制29例,显效6例,有效5例,无效2例,总有效率95.24%;对照组临床控制26例,有效8例,显效5例,无效3例,总有效率85.71%,治疗组临床疗效优于对照组;2组治疗前VAS及JOA评分比较差异无统计学意义(P>0.05),治疗后VAS及JOA评分比

  2. Views on the Political Integration of Southwestern Frontier and Central Government in the Yuan,Ming and Qing Dynasties%略论元明清时期中央与西南边疆政治关系的整合



    元明清时期是西南边疆与中央关系构建整合步入正常化轨道的重要战略期。三代封建统治者对建构整合西南边疆与中央的关系十分重视,采取了多种举措来加强对西南边疆的控制,试图加快西南边疆与内地的一体化进程,如在政治上实行内地化管理体制,在民族地区则稍加变通。在唐宋羁縻之治的基础上,元代实行土官土司制度,明朝发展为土司制度,并进一步完善;清初继承明代的做法,对土司制度更加严格、规范,并适应形势发展适时改土归流,同时与边疆割据行为进行坚决斗争。封建中央的努力取得了显著成效,西南边疆成为帝国不可分割的一部分,而西南边疆与内地交通联系的畅通,为封建王朝中央整合与西南边疆之关系提供了坚实的基础。%The Yuan,Ming and Qing Dynasties are significant periods in which the relationship between southwestern frontier and central government become normal.The three feudal governors pay much attention to the relationship integration of southwestern frontier and inland,e.g.implementing inland reigning system in politics and flexible policy in minority area.Based on the Jimi official system in the Tang and Song Dynasties,the Yuan Dynasty implements chieftain and native official systems which develop into chieftain system and is improved further in the Ming Dynasty.The Qing Dynasty follows the Ming's policy,regulates chieftain system strictly,makes timely change and fights frontier independent regime.The effort of the feudal central reign achieves good effect.Southwestern frontiers become inseparable parts of the empire and the convenient traffic between frontier and inland forms solid foundation for central government to integrate the relations.

  3. Analysis of the Sales Psychology and Behavior of Peasants in Main Grain-production Regions:A Case Study of Song Yuan,Jilin Province%粮食主产区农民售粮心理及行为分析——以吉林省松原市为例


    随着我国粮食流通体制改革的不断深入,农户售粮心理及行为对粮食价格走势影响日益深远。本文通过对粮食主产区吉林省松原市的农户展开专题调查,进一步分析了农户售粮的心理和行为对粮食收购和流通产生的影响,并就如何破解农户粮食惜售心理、保障农户增收提出了相关对策建议。%With the reform of grain circulation system,the sales psychology and behavior of peasants has more and more influence on the food price.Based on the special investigation of the peasants in Song Yuan which is one of the main grain-production region of Jilin Province,the article analyzes the sales psychology and behavior of peasants,and raises relevant policy suggestions.

  4. 《啰哩回回——元代的吉普赛人》证补——纪念杨志玖先生归真10周年%Supplementary Exploration of Luoli Hui: Yuan Dynasty Gypsies: the Commemoration of the 10th Anniversary of Professor Yang Zhi.jiu' s Passing



    The masterpiece Luoli Hui: Yuan Dynasty Gypsies was written during the latter years of ProfessorYang Zhi-jiu and won high honor in scholarship circles. Based on Prof. Yang' s publication, this paper attempts to continue developing the principles he expounded and takes a step in deepening the research regarding the Gypsies inChina while also serving as a personal memorial to Prof. Yang who passed away 10 years ago.%《啰哩回回——元代的吉普赛人》是杨志玖先生晚年的一篇名作,发表后学界多有赞誉。本文在杨先生之作的基础上,沿着杨先生论文的思路,作进一步的探寻,试图对中国的吉普赛人问题能稍有深化,也通过此文来表达笔者对杨先生去世10周年的纪念之情。

  5. 云南省元阳县1997-2014年HIV/AIDS传播及地理分布特征研究%Study on the characteristic of HIV/AIDS transmission and geography distribution in Yuan Yang ;county from 1997 to 2014

    白锡海; 刘红艳; 马勇; 罗琼英; 郑丽; 郑尔达; 李琼花; 郭嬡; 李洪


    目的:了解元阳县1997—2014年 HIV/AIDS 传播及分布特征,为今后预防控制提供参考。方法从全国艾滋病综合防治系统导出元阳县1997—2014年HIV/AIDS病例流行病学个案信息,应用Microsoft Excel 2007进行数据录入整理,采用EpiInfoTM7.1.5软件进行流行病学地图可视化制作。结果元阳县1997—2014年间,共报告1656例 HIV/AIDS 病例,男性1042人,女性614人;主要为20~39岁青壮年,占65.5%;绝大部分为已婚或有配偶者,占60.2%;自2004年起,每年新报告病例呈逐年上升趋势,传播途径由注射吸毒转变为异性传播。地理分布,由2004年仅6个乡镇报告HIV/AIDS至2007年全县15个乡镇均发现HIV/AIDS,至2014年形成以胜村乡、新街镇、南沙镇为聚集中心,向城乡结合部乡镇蔓延,并遍布全县15个乡镇。结论元阳县 HIV/AIDS 疫情呈现逐年上升趋势,已由城镇中心蔓延流行至全县15个乡镇,异性传播是当地主要感染途径。应根据传播流行形式及分布特征针对性落实HIV/AIDS预防控制措施。%Objective Understanding the transmission and space distribution characteristics of HIV/AIDS in Yuan Yang county from 1997 to 2014, providing reference for prevention and control in the future. Methods Data of HIV/AIDS cases in Yuan Yang from 1997 to 2014 in the national AIDS comprehensive prevention and control system were retrieved. Microsoft Excel 2007 was used for data entering and EpiInfoTM7.1.5 software was applied to make visualization epidemiology map. Results A total of 1656 HIV/AIDS cases were reported in Yuan Yang county between 1997 and 2014, among them 1042 cases were males and 614 were females. The majority of the cases were 20 to 39-years-old young adults (65.5%); most of them are married or has a spouse (60.2%). Since 2004, an upward trend in new cases was seen in each year. The major transmission route was shift from illegal drug injection to

  6. 关于镇江宋元粮仓的几个问题——转般仓、淮东总领所、大军仓%Research on Granary Remains in Zhenjiang of the Song and Yuan Dynasties:Zhuan-Ban Granary;Huai-Dong Zong-Ling Suo;Da-Jun Granary



    综合考古资料以及文献记载来看,镇江双井路遗址发现的南宋八座仓储遗迹,应该是转运司下属的转般仓,而转般仓与南宋淮东总领所及其所属的大军仓有着比较密切的关系。考古发现的一座元代仓储遗迹,应该是在南宋转般仓旧址设置的大军仓。%According to the archaeological data and literature,the remains of eight granaries of the Southern Song Dynasty excavated at the site of Shuang Jing Road in Zhenjiang are believed to be the Zhuan-Ban Granaries owned by the Transport Department,which has a close relationship with the Zong-Ling Suo,a gov-ernment office in charge of local armies' food and money supplies,of Huai-Dong area and the Da-Jun Gran-aries it administrated.The remain of one granary of the Yuan Dynasty excavated at this site is believed to be a Da-Jun Granary set upon the old site of a Zhuan-Ban Granary of the Southern Song Dynasty.

  7. An Investigation into and Explanation of the Cuisine Knife Skills and Cooking Techniques in the Mongolian Yuan Place- Taking Yin Shan Zheng Yao as an Example%蒙元宫廷烹饪刀工与烹饪方法考释*--以《饮膳正要》为例

    王猛; 仪德刚


    对成书于14世纪30年代由元朝饮膳太医忽思慧编撰《饮膳正要》记载的烹饪刀工和烹饪方法进行了详实考究,并对蕴藏在烹饪刀工和烹饪方法在实际操作过程中呈现出的力学知识和烹饪知识进行分析和说明,指出部分蒙古族宫廷食品及其制作技艺与当前蒙古族保留下来的食品及其制作技艺存在较大程度的关联性和沿袭关系。%Through an investigation and research on the book Yin shan zheng yao written by imperial dietary doctor HuSi hui in the 1330s,and after making an analysis and explanation of the mechanics and cooking knowledge in practical operation ,the author concluded that the cuisine knife and cooking skills preserved in the present Mongolian district is closely connected and inherited from that of the Mongalian yuan palace.

  8. 清代岭南伤寒名家郭元峰《伤寒论》学术思想概略%A Brief Account on the Academic Thinking of Treatise on Cold-induced Febrile Diseases Writed by GUO Yuan-feng

    沈创鹏; 胡正刚; 陈晓薇; 张横柳


    GUO Yuan-feng, a famous physician in Qing dynasty, who made a deep study on Treatise on Cold-induced Febrile Diseases and had put forward many sensible and well-grounded views. He did the research with his own feature. He learned from the ancient but not limit to. And he was an important representative of clinical prescription group in the TCM field in Lingnan area of China.%郭元峰,广东南海人,清代岭南名医,医术精湛,学术颇丰,崇经典,深研仲景伤寒之说,提出许多创见.郭氏对伤寒及治疗次第的认识言简意赅,切中要害,对六经本证述之简当,紧扣临床,辨证从实际需要出发,辨证手段丰富,师古而不泥古,活用经方,参以时方,是岭南经方派的重要代表之一.

  9. “神性”与“人性”的统一——元代永乐宫壁画与道教美学%The Unite of Deity and Humanity——Yongle Palace Mural Paintings of Yuan Dynasty's and Taoist Aesthetics



    道教是我国本土宗教,道教文化保存最为完好的建筑和壁画当属永乐宫。永乐宫壁画可谓元代道教绘画艺术之典范。壁画中的情节设置及表现手法等均能表现深厚的道教文化及独特神奇的道教美学思想。从艺术研究和创作的角度,永乐宫壁画也具有重要的启示作用。%Taoism is a domestic religion of China.Among all the Taoist archetecure and mural paintings,the best preserved example is Yongle Temple,which is also the a classic model of Taoist drawing art in Yuan Dynasty.The plot setting and expression techniques all can represent the profound culture and unique magical aesthetics of Taoism.The mural paintings in Yongle Temple also has significant inspiring functions from the perspecitve of art study and creation.

  10. An Interpretation of Noma Hiroshi's "Red Moon in Her Face"%文本解读:野间宏的《脸上的红月亮》



    @@ 日本现代文学史的案头上,陈放着一个似已尘封的文学文本.它便是日本现代著名作家野间宏(1915-1991)的小说①.野间宏作为日本"战后派"的代表作家,一生创作了诸多脍炙人口的文学作品,取得了令人瞩目的艺术成就.他还曾于1962年5月和1982年12月,两次率日本文学代表团访问中国,不仅与茅盾、老舍、巴金、丁玲等中国作家结下了深厚友谊,也为中日文学交流做出了重要贡献.在21世纪的今天,重新解读,感受并体味这篇小说的深长意蕴和艺术魅力,或许会有特殊的历史意义和重要的审美价值.

  11. Thomas Demand e suas alegorias da intenção; "exclusão" em Candida Höfer, Hiroshi Sugimoto, e Thomas Struth

    Michael Fried

    Full Text Available Resumo Em 2008, com a publicação de Why photography matters as art as never before, Michael Fried retoma as discussões iniciadas em “Arte e objetidade”, ensaio de 1967, em especial a ideia de "absorção" ou antiteatralidade da arte, suposta característica da arte modernista em contraposição à minimalista/literalista. Fried debate a questão da "presença", argumentando em prol da antiteatralidade, considerando a "absorção" como a principal qualidade nos trabalhos fotográficos de Thomas Struth, Thomas Demand, Candida Höfer entre outros, sobretudo no capítulo 9, aqui traduzido. A partir de uma minuciosa descrição e da análise formal das imagens, Fried encontra parâmetros para consolidar seu principal argumento: a capacidade de "absorção" da fotografias.

  12. 从文本特征定量分析看《桃花源记》英译本的词语操作常规%An Analysis of Textual Features on Lexical Operation Norms in English Versions of Tao Hua Yuan Ji

    蒲璞; 胡显耀


    The English versions of Tao Hua Yuan Ji by LIN Yutang and A. R. Davis are fucosed on as the research objects. Starting from Toury's descriptive translation studies and taking Halliday's systemic functional linguistics as the text-analyzing methods, from the three aspects of transitivity, namely, process, participant and circumstantial element, the lexical characteristics of the two versions are analyzed, which finds that the lexical operation norms of LIN's version possess the characteristics of explicitation and simplification, while Davis' more obviously show implicitation and complication. It is concluded that the general lexical operation norms of Lin's is inclined to the convention expectation norms, whereas Davis' to the foreignness expectation norms.%以《桃花源记》中林语堂和A.R.Davis的译本为研究对象,从Toury的描写翻译学出发,采取Halliday系统功能语言学的文本分析方法,从及物性的三个方面,即过程、参与者和环境成分对两个英译本的词语特征进行分析,发现林译本词语操作具有明确和简化特征,戴译本暗含和显化特征更为明显。林译本总体趋向传统化期待常规,而戴译本趋向陌生化期待常规。

  13. 谋与变——《园冶》屋宇篇文句结构及论题刍议%Project and Variability: A Preliminary Discussion of Textual Structure & Topics of Analysis in the Chapter on Buildings in Yuan Ye

    冯仕达; 张鹏


    This paper is a study of Yuan Ye, a 17th-century treatise on garden design, and deals specifically with the chapter on buildings. Two aims are pursued in this study: first, based on the work of previous editors and annotators, this paper proposes a new understanding of the structure of the text and its implied topics of discussion. Second, this paper elucidates the implied horizons of the text and highlights the cultural specificity of assumptions that can be inferred from the text. Three questions are addressed as part of the discussion on implied horizons: (1) What are the principal notions relating to timber buildings in gardens? (2) From what vantage point can we consider the absence of means-ends relationships in the text? (3) What is the difference between conventional modern understandings of architectural typology and the understandings of building types in the text?%关注了17世纪的造园名著《园冶》,并以屋宇篇为焦点.作者要旨有二:首先,在各注家对《园冶》原文断句及标点的基础上,提出一个关于文句结构及暗含论题的新认识;其次,阐明原文的暗含视界,突出各种关乎文化特征的前提.在这其中包含3个问题:1)园林木构架建筑的主要理念是什么?2)如何看待目标一手段之间的逻辑关系并未在原文出现?3)对于现代建筑类型分类的一般见解与原文对建筑类型的认识有何差别?

  14. On Physical Appearance and Comic Performances——Theatrical Forms of Jing and Chou Roles in Zaju of Yuan Dynasty%形貌与滑稽论略——兼说元杂剧净、丑脚色的表演形态



    The burlesque at the early stage is mainly performed by actors with unusual physical appear- ance, with the major form of humorous irony and satire. Since the Tang Dynasty, other types of comic performances have been created including the opera with songs and dances, stories of joining the army and those with acting officials. In the Song Dynasty, this kind of performances is enriched in both content and form, as a result of which zaju (poetic drama set to music) is produced with roles of fumo and fu- ring taking over the priority. The zaju of Yuan Dynasty absorbs the roles of fujing into ring (actors with painted faces) and chou (clowns), which are endowed with certain cultural connotations.%以形貌为滑稽的早期形式主要是谈谐,上古俳优常以特异之形貌微言讽谏;唐代开始,模情拟态的滑稽表演出现了滑稽歌舞戏、参军戏、假官戏、合生等艺术形式;宋代,此类滑稽表演的内容丰富,形式多样,形成了以副末、副净打调为主的宋杂剧艺术形态;副净又被元杂剧净、丑脚色所吸收,并赋予了特定的文化内涵。

  15. 文学史料的归纳与解读——元代至明初小说戏曲中白银的使用%An analytical analysis and summary of historical literary works——use of silver in the fiction and operas of the Yuan and Ming Dynasties



    元代至明初,朝廷明令推行纸币,禁止白银作为货币流通.然而,在这一时期的小说戏曲中,白银在日常生活和交易中的使用却随处可见.这是当时社会生活的生动反映,表明朝廷禁令对官民的实际约束力相当有限.由此可见,以小说情节中人们广泛使用白银来证明成书于嘉靖初年,未必可靠.而注意朝廷律令与实际生活的差距,更值得研究者进一步重视.%The royal courts of the Yuan and early Ming period pursued a paper currency policy and prohibited silver from being circulated by royal decree. But the uses of silver in daily life and commercial activities could be often seen in the fictions and operas of this era. This is an active reflection of social life of that time, and indicates that the binding force of the royal decrees over the subjects was rather limited. From this we can see that it may not be reliable to take the circulation of silver in fictions as a ground to prove that Outlaws of the Marsh was completed in the first years of Emperor Jiajing's reign (Jiajing Huangdi 嘉靖皇帝 CE 1522-1566). The difference between the royal laws and decrees and their effects on real life deserve more analyses by researchers.

  16. 元代神话剧的双璧--《张生煮海》和《柳毅传书》共同点探析%Two Stars of Fairy Tales in Yuan Dynasty---Common Analysis on “Zhang Sheng Went to Boil the Sea”and “Liu Yi Zhuan ”



    李好古的《张生煮海》和尚仲贤的《柳毅传书》被称作元代神话剧的双璧,是因为它们之间有着许多的相同点:都采用神怪的诡奇情节来突破元代众多爱情剧的俗套;都表现了对封建制度的不满和婚姻自由的赞美;两个神话剧中的男主人公都热情纯洁、忠实于爱情;两个神话剧都充满着神奇瑰丽的浪漫主义色彩;两个神话剧的语言都很有功力,曲辞和宾白清新明快,生动优美;两个神话剧都写了龙对人的屈服。%“Zhang Sheng Went to boil the Sea”of Li Shanggu and “Liu Yi Zhuan”of Shang Zhongxian are known as two stars of fairy tales in Yuan dynasty,because they have many similarities:use the genie strange plots to break through the stereotypes;express all the praise of dissatisfaction with the feudal system and the freedom of marriage;the heroes in the fairy tales are pure with passion and faithful to love;Both play god is full of romantic magic magnificent;both languages are of capability;poems and spoken parts are fresh and lively,vivid and beautiful;both of them express the yielding of dragon to human beings.

  17. A Study of Wind-breaking Poem by Jia Dao at Cool-inviting Pavilion——The Significance of the Image of Poet Jia Dao in Displaying the States of Mind of Men of Letters in the Yuan Dynasty%略论《招凉亭贾岛破风诗》——兼论贾岛形象在表现元代文人心态方面的意义

    李本红; 袁晓薇


    历史上贾岛困厄潦倒的境遇与元代文人剧作家的现实处境形成了异代沟通,无名氏的《招凉亭贾岛破风诗》在题材选取、情节设置、人物形象塑造等方面都反映出元代文人在特殊境遇下的复杂心态。贾岛形象本身具有的特点为元代文人剧作家的改塑提供了极大的空间。剧中的贾岛已经成为凝聚了有元一代士子文人典型心态的形象。%The distressed and frustrated situation of Jia Dao,a poet in the Tang Dynasty forms a transgenerational link with the realistic plight of playwrights in the Yuan Dynasty.In selection of subject matter,setting of plot and molding of character image,Wind-breaking Poem by Poet Jia Dao at Cool-inviting Pavilion written by an anonymous writer displays the complicated states of mind of that period's men of letters in special situation.The features included in the image of Jia Dao provide vast space for the change of molding of playwrights at that time.Jia Dao in the play has become an image that has condensed the typical states of mind of men of letters in the Yuan Dynasty.

  18. Review on Ancient Traditional Chinese Medicine External Use Prescriptions with Skin-whitening, Macularemoving, Stagnation-dissipating and Scar-removing Efficacy (Chapter Two)——Characteristics of Prescriptions and Medicine in the Song-Jin-Yuan Dynasty%中医美白祛斑、散结除疤外用古方溯源(二)——宋金元时期选方用药特点

    范瑛; 宋坪; 王天怡


    In the Song-Jin-Yuan dynasty, ancient Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) literature recorded many external use prescriptions and medicine with skin-whitening, macula-removing, stagnation-dissipating and scar-removing efficacy. In the Song dynasty, the therapeutic methods were dispersing wind, inducing diuresis and using aromatic herhs to dredge the meridians. In the Jin-Yuan dynasty, the therapeutic methods were regulating qi, activating blood and using white herbs to whiten skin. According to the theoretical basis of TCM and the law of prescription composition, as well as TCM thoughts and writings characteristics of different periods, the article reviews and analyzes these external use prescriptions and medicine in order to help doctors prescribe medicine.%目的 宋金元时期,中医古籍文献中记载了大量具有美白祛斑、散结除疤功效的外用方药.宋代此类方药以祛风利水、芳香通络为法,金元时期则侧重于理气活血、以白养白.本文根据中医药学的理论基础和辨证用药组方规律,结合不同时期中医学思想及著作特点,对此类外用方药进行挖掘、整理及分析,旨在指导临床遣方用药.

  19. Chinalco Spent 2 Billion Yuan to Build Financial Capital Platform


    Following fast-paced preparation spanning three months,Chinalco quickly expanded the territory of its financial business by setting up Chinalco Capital Holdings Co.,Ltd(hereinafter Chinalco Capital)and Chinalco Financing Leasing Co.,Ltd(hereinafter Chinalco Leasing),with which it lifts the status of its

  20. Tao Hua Yuan (novella)%桃花源



    @@ 1 我早就听说过那个地方,但是,我却一直也没有去.桃花源的名气太大了.有那么几年时间里,我差不多经常听到那个名字.在所有的宣传描述中,那都是一个很了不起的群落,很有些乌托邦的意思.事实上,我有很多次参观那个地方的机会.然而,仿佛是在等待什么,或者内心里盼望的某个时机没到,就一直没能成行.有两次,单位里甚至把我的车票都买好了,我却有事中途退出了.

  1. CRFA President Chen Yuan Leads Delegation to Visit Russia

    Wen; Guangmei


    The year 2014 marked the 65th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic ties between China and Russia as well as establishment of the China-Russia Friendship Association(C R FA).The success ful meeting between Chinese President Xi Jinping and Russian President VladimirPutin in May of the year elevated the China-Russia comprehensive strategic cooperative partnership to a

  2. Grey Correlation Analysis of China's Urbanization and Financial Support-Theory and Empirical Analysis -And a Study on the "Four Trillion Yuan Investment"%我国城市化与金融支持的灰色关联分析:理论与实证——兼论“4万亿元投资”

    高友才; 曹东坡


    index system of financial support is divid- ed into two first-level indicators which contain the policy-related and commercial finance, and four two-level indicators. In the constructed model, the level of urbanization evaluation index system is set as the reference sequence, and financial support evaluation index system is set as comparative sequence. During the solution process to the model, the raw data from statistical yearbook and authoritative sites are processed in initialization, and the resolu- tion coefficient is set as 0. 5, another point is that the calculated correlation results are equivalent weight incidence degrees. After that, this paper makes the grey correlation analysis of China's urbanization and financial support from 1999 to 2008, and researches different kinds of financial support's affection on the urbanization's scale and quality in the view of individual and total volume. This research uses MATLAB 7.1 tocalculate these data and get the cor- relation matrix of indicators of financial support and urbanization. Based on these results, the affection on the scale and quality of urbanization generated by the commercial finance and policy-related finance could be analyzed. Based on these results, the affection on the scale and quality of urbanization generated by the commercial finance and policy-related finance could be analyzed. The empirical results show that, there is a positive correlation between urbanization and financial support, but the supporting intensity varies on different financial support. In sum- mary, the policy-related finance has the most significant contribution, but the commercial finance still needs to improve; the indirect finance has a larger role than the direct finance; the financial support has a larger role in the scale than the quality of urbanization. Moreover, this paper discusses the affection of "four trillion yuan investment" to the urbanization. In the background of four trillion yuan investment, such

  3. On the precision of inferior planetary computations in the Song and Yuan Dynasties:the case of Jiyuan Li and Shoushi Li%宋元时期内行星计算精度——以《纪元历》和《授时历》为例



    目的 研究宋元时期内行星视位置计算精度.方法 利用计算机编程计算《纪元历》和《授时历》内行星视位置,并与理论结果进行比较.结果 《纪元历》金星和水星计算误差符合“差天二度”这个标准的天数分别占到总数据量的96.24%和33.27%,《授时历》金星和水星计算误差符合“差天二度”这个标准的天数分别占总数据量的97.05%和39.09%.结论 宋元时期金星计算误差基本能达到北宋历法家制定的“差天二度”这个标准,但水星计算误差达不到这个标准.%Aim To study and discuss the calculation accuracy of inferior planets' apparent positions in Song and Yuan Dynastiies. Methods With the aid of computer, the apparent positions of Venus and Mercury in Jiyuan Li and Shoushi Li were calculated, theoretical values were contrasted with calculated values. Results It is showed that the percentage of days in those the error of right ascension of Venus and Mercury in Jiyuan Li less than 2 degree have reached 96. 24% and 33. 27% and the percentage of days in those precisions of Venus and Mercury in Shoushi Li under the 2 degree were 97.05% and 39.09%. Conclusion It is concluded that the daily position difference of the Venus in Jiyuan Li and Shoushi Li was accorded with the standard that the Calendar-makers of Northern Song Dynasty expected on the whole, but that of the Mercury in Jiyuan Li and Shoushi Li wasn't accorded with that standard.

  4. 复元活血汤加味治疗肺挫伤患者实施优质护理的效果观察%The effect observation of high quality nursing for pulmonary contusion patients treated with Fu Yuan Huo Xue Decoction modified treatment

    李向莉; 张振坤; 周国云; 张艳茹


    目的:探讨优质护理在复元活血汤加味治疗肺挫伤的患者中的应用与效果。方法:2011年7月-2013年7月收治肺挫伤患者82例,分为观察组40例和对照组42例。对照组采用传统护理模式,观察组在此基础上采用优质护理服务。结果:观察组对健康教育知识掌握程度明显高于对照组(P<0.01),观察组的满意度明显高于对照组(P<0.05),患者及家属呼叫率明显低于对照组。结论:为患者提供优质的护理服务,既提高了患者和家属的满意度和健康教育知识水平,同时也调动了护理人员的主动性、积极性,融洽了护患关系,取得满意效果。%Objective:To explore the application and effect of high quality nursing for pulmonary contusion patients treated with Fu Yuan Huo Xue Decoction modified treatment.Methods:82 patients with pulmonary contusion were selected from July 2011 to July 2013.They were divided into the observation group with 42 cases and the control group with 40 cases.The control group were given traditional nursing mode,and the observation group were given high quality nursing service on the basis of this.Results:In the observation group,master degree of the health education knowledge was significantly higher than that in the control group;the difference was statistically significant(P<0.01).The satisfaction was significantly higher than that in the control group;the difference was statistically significant(P<0.05).The call rate of patients and their family members was significantly lower than that in the control group.Conclusion:Providing quality care for patients improves both the patient and family satisfaction and health education level,but also mobilizes the initiative and enthusiasm of the nursing staff,and improves the nurse patient relationship.The effect is satisfactory.

  5. Movement and Stillness: A Preliminary Discussion of Textual Structure & Topics of Analysis in the Chapter on Gardens in Yuan Ye%动与静——《园冶》园说篇文句结构及论题刍议

    马仕达; 张鹏


    本文关注了17世纪的造园名著《园冶》,并以“园说”篇为焦点.要旨有二:首先,在各注家对《园冶》原文断句及标点的基础上,提出一个关于文句结构及暗含论题的新认识;其次,阐明原文动静交替的暗含视界(horizon),突出各种关乎文化特征的前提.在这其中包含2个问题:1)在放弃三维透视空间作为园林设计的前提之后,讨论园林体验的主要理念是什么;2)如何看待原文中并未出现平面图和空间体验之间的逻辑关系.%This paper is a study of Yuan Ye, a 17th -century treatise on garden design, and deals specifically with the chapter on gardens in general. Two aims are pursued in this study: first, based on the work of previous editors and annotators, this paper proposes a new understanding of the structure of the text and its implied topics of discussion. Second, this paper elucidates viewing-in-stillness and viewing-in-motion as the implied horizon of the text and highlights the cultural specificity of assumptions that can be inferred from the text. Two questions are addressed at the end of the paper: 1) If one were to abandon three-dimensional perspectival space as an assumption of landscape design, what are the principal terms for discussing landscape experience; 2) From what vantage point can we consider the absence of the logical relationship between ground plans and spatial experience in the text.

  6. 原络配穴为主治疗血管性轻度认知障碍24例%The Combination of Yuan-source Points and Collateral Points in the Treatment of Vascular Mild Cognitive Impairment:An Analysis of 24 Cases

    赵惠; 孔波; 喻巍; 孙波


    Objective: To observe the clinical effect of combination of yuan - source points and collateral points on vascular mild cognitive impairment.Methods:The original network - based acupuncture points combined with aricept for the treatment.Let aricept alone as the control group.Observe 48 patients with vascular mild cognitive impairment clinical symptoms and MMSE, ADL and changes in homocysteine.Results:The original network with the main acupuncture points combined aricept can improve vascular mild cognitive impairment in patients with MMSE score; ADL score improved to reduce homocysteine.The total effective rate was 83.33% compared with the control group which had a significant difference ( P < 0.05 ).Conclusion: The original network with the main acupuncture points combined aricept may improve vascular mild cognitive impairment (VMCI)in terms of intelligence and rehabilitation of patients in daily life, and more effective than aricept alone in the control group.%目的:观察原络配穴针法为主治疗血管性轻度认知障碍的临床疗效.方法:以原络配穴针法为主联合安理申为治疗手段,设单纯安理申为对照组,观察48例血管性轻度认知障碍患者治疗前后临床症状和MMSE、ADL及同型半胱氨酸变化.结果:原络配穴针法为主联合安理申能够提高血管性轻度认知障碍患者MMSE评分,改善ADL评分,降低同型半胱氨酸.临床总有效率为83.33%,与对照组比较差异显著(P<0.05).结论:原络配穴针法为主联合安理申可有效改善血管性轻度认知障碍(VMCI)患者的智能水平和恢复生活自理能力,且疗效优于单纯安理申治疗.

  7. The Selection of New-type Urbanization Path in Western Yunnan Border Poor Area--- A Case Study of SuanYuan Village in Shidian County%滇西边境贫困地区新型城镇化发展路径研究--以施甸县蒜园村为例



    New type of urbanization is the only way to modernization, is the important way to solve the problem of“agriculture, rural areas and farmers”, its essence is the urban and rural areas as a whole, production, intensive economy, ecological livable city interaction, civilized and harmonious of the basic characteristics of the urbanization. Western Yunnan Border Poor Area is Extreme poverty, and is the most concentrated in border county and indigenous minorities destitute areas. New type of urbanization is helpful to promote the development of urban and rural areas as a whole, this have created great opportunities to the development of Western Yunnan Border Poor Area. This paper analyzes the urbanization development present situation of Western Yunnan Border Poor Area, and with SuanYuan village of YaoGuan town, ShiDian county as a case, discuss its development condition, so as to explore the path of the new type of urbanization in minority region along the border, provide a reference for new type of urbanization construction in China.%新型城镇化是现代化的必由之路,是解决“三农”问题的重要途径,其本质是以城乡统筹、产城互动、集约节约、生态宜居、文明和谐为基本特征的城镇化。滇西片区集少数民族地区、边境地区于一体,贫困面广、程度深,是边境县和世居少数民族最多的集中连片特困地区。新型城镇化有利于促进城乡统筹发展,这为滇西边境贫困地区的发展创造了重大机遇。分析了滇西边境贫困地区城镇化的发展现状,并以施甸县姚关镇蒜园村为案例,讨论其发展条件,从而探索边境民族贫困地区新型城镇化的路径,为我国新型城镇化建设提供参考借鉴。

  8. An Alien Land and Alien Writings:An Analytical Reading of An Account of an Alien Land(Yixiang ji)and Beauty of Serendipity(Huali yuan)by Eileen Chang%异乡与异文--张爱玲《异乡记》与《华丽缘》写作析读



    This article offers an analytical reading into An Account of an Alien Land(Yixiang ji)and Beauty of Serendipity (Huali yuan)by Eileen Chang, a series of‘travelogues in a foreign land’that can be viewed as‘alien writings’in her exterior volume by paying attention to her views on writing that had experienced great change from after 1947 to the early 1950s, in an attempt to prove that there are many discrepancies between her writing techniques based on the imagerization, situationalization and landscaping of materials that had developed from the semi-colonial urban interior context with such representative works as The Legend(Chuanqi)and The Rumour(Liuyan), and An Account of an Alien Land, about the countryside, an heterogeneous Other. In Beauty of Serendipity, that tells the story of a‘grand spiritual occasion’in rural life, the poetic treatment, dramatized and situationalized, eventually gets back on and swallows up the author:Writing that has been shaped by the colonial urban modernity and the self identification of the emotional subject have both fractured in the relationship of individual histories to the surrounding‘Other’. And this fracture, to a certain degree, predicted the general features of the dividing range in the map of Eileen Chang’s writing career, signifying a conclusion to her writing poetics in the occupied period of Shanghai as well as to her subject matter.%析读张爱玲外集———可视为“异文”的《异乡记》和《华丽缘》等“异乡游记”系列,关注张爱玲1947年后至五十年代初变化甚巨的文艺写作观,可以发现以《传奇》《流言》为代表的根植于半殖民地都市内室语境下发展出来的物象意象化、情境化、景观化的写作技术,在以异质他者的农村为主题的《异乡记》中处处显出扞格不合之处。在叙述乡村生活“精神的盛举”之《华丽缘》中,戏剧化和情境化的诗学处理最终报复和反噬作者:

  9. Effect of Moxibustion of Guan Yuan (RN-4)and Zu San Li (ST-36) on the Cytokine IL-2 in Rats with Epilepsy%艾灸关元和足三里穴对癫痫大鼠细胞因子IL-2影响的研究

    张余山; 张艳晓; 黄静波; 程为平


    Objective:To study the effect of moxibustion of Guan Yuan (RN -4) and Zu San Li (ST-36) on changes in serum IL - 2 levels through performing moxibustion on RN - 4 and ST - 36 on rats with pentylenetet-razol induced epilepsy. Methods: Healthy adult female SD rats were injected intraperitoneally with pentylenetet-razol kindling 35.0mg/kg to induce a rat epilepsy model. Behaviour was then analyzed and recorded by using the Racine six point grading scale. After successful construction of the epilepsy model, the rats were divided into four groups, a blank group (three rats) , model group (eight rats) , medication group ( eight rats) , and moxibustion group ( eight rats). The rats in the moxibustion group had moxibustion performed on RN - 4 and bilateral ST-36 for 15 minutes, and the rats in the medication group were given 15.75mg/kg of sodium valproate by gavage once a day continuously for 20 days. The model group and blank group did not receive any form of treatment. After treatment, enzyme linked immunoassay was used to measure serum IL -2 levels. Results:There was a significant difference between the blank group and model group, and between the model group and moxibustion group(P 0. 05). Conclusion: Moxibustion on RN -4 and ST -36 is effective for treating epilepsy in rats. The mechanism may have a correlation with a rise in IL - 2 levels.%目的:通过艾灸戊四氮癫痫大鼠关元、足三里穴,研究艾灸关元、足三里穴对于癫痫大鼠血清IL-2含量变化的影响.方法:取健康成年雌性SD大鼠腹腔注射戊四氮35.0 mg/kg诱发大鼠点燃致痫模型,参照Racine的6级评分标准,记录行为学表现.造模成功后分为空白组(3只)、模型组(8只)、药物组(8只)和艾灸组(8只)4组,对艾灸组大鼠艾灸关元及双侧足三里穴15 min,药物组给予15.75mg/kg丙戊酸钠灌胃治疗.每日1次,治疗20天.模型组、空白组不给予任何治疗.治疗结束后,用酶联免疫法测量血清中IL-2含量.结果:空

  10. 甘肃马家塬战国墓地M4出土硅酸盐珠饰的科学分析研究%Analysis of the Decorated Silicate Beads Excavated f rom Tomb M4 of the Ma-Jia-Yuan Warring States Cemetery,Gansu Province

    黄晓娟; 严静; 王辉


    结合X射线荧光光谱、拉曼光谱和X射线衍射分析,对甘肃马家塬战国墓地M 4出土的11件装饰性硅酸盐珠饰进行了无损分析研究。依据分析结果将这些样品划分为钠钙硅酸盐玻璃、铅钡硅酸盐玻璃和釉砂三种类型。化学成分分析结果表明:钠钙硅酸盐蜻蜓眼玻璃珠的蓝色眼珠部分采用Co2+着色。拉曼光谱分析在铅钡体系硅酸盐样品中检测到了人工合成的硅酸钡铜系中国蓝和中国紫颜料,在钠钙蜻蜓眼玻璃的白色区域检测到了锑酸钙(CaSb2 O6)乳浊剂/着色剂。结合已有的研究结果,探讨了所分析样品的可能来源及其反映的早期文化和技术交流状况。含有中国蓝、中国紫的装饰性珠子的制作材料和工艺应当是受到当时秦人的影响。而钠钙蜻蜓眼珠的成分特点,又与新疆等西北地区出土的同类珠子有相似之处。可见西戎人在玻璃制作技术方面同时受到北方草原民族文化和秦文化的共同影响。这批样品中以泥芯和玻璃化材料共同组成的装饰珠子,可能是从釉砂珠向玻璃珠的过渡类型,这对于研究我国玻璃的起源问题提供了新的参考资料。%This paper reports the analysis results of 11 decorated silicate beads samples excavated from Ma Jia‐yuan Warring State Cemetery ,Gan Su Province with the portable X‐ray fluorescence spectrometer ,laser Raman spectrometer and X‐ray dif‐fraction spectrometer .It is includes 3 types among these samples on the basis of their chemical composition ,NaO‐CaO‐SiO2 , PbO‐BaO‐SiO2 glass system ,and glassy faience .The blue part of the NaO‐CaO‐SiO2 glass sample was colored by Co2+ ,and Sb2O5 was discovered as opacifier .The results of Laser Raman analysis shows in some circle beads exits Chinese blue and Chinese purple .Combined with the existing research results the early cultural factors and technical exchange reflected from these

  11. Youth occupation movement from Wall Street to the Hong Kong Central and the Legislative Yuan of Taiwan:on the demands and criticism of the spiritual home of young students’ political aspiration%从“华尔街”、香港“中环”到台湾“立法院”的青年占领运动--兼论青年大学生政治精神家园的诉求与批判

    贺才乐; 秘金雷


    与以往对青年占领运动“一边倒”的赞扬观点不同,通过对“华尔街”、香港“中环”和台湾“立法院”的青年占领运动“为占领而占领”的实质描述,对占领运动进行褒贬夹杂的评判。青年占领运动的实质乃是对政治精神家园的诉求,而选择青年为主体是由于自由主义民主制度当中其所遭受到的“双重压迫”,选择占领为形式是源自于“制度裹挟”的无奈与“新的政治话语”的需求,但必须理性洞见占领之后的危机。鉴于青年占领运动的经验与教训,认为青年大学生政治精神家园的诉求,应从秉持集体主义“公意”的取向、理性评判与理性抉择的意识形态态度以及现实的理想主义思维方式,才能够实现政治精神家园的真正回归。%Being different from the general one-sided viewpoint of speaking highly of the Youth Occupation Movement, the essay gives a mixed judgment on the Movement by describing the essence of the movements, namely “to occupy for occupation”, which happened from the Wall Street, the Hong Kong Central, to the Legislative Yuan of Taiwan. The essence is the appeal for spiritual home of political aspiration. The reason why the youth constitute the main body is that they suffer from “double oppressions” in the liberal democracy system. And the form of occupation is due to the helplessness of the “coerced system” and the needs of a new political discourse, while rational insight must be given into the crises after the occupation. Given the experience and lessons of the Movement, the essay believes that the appeal of the youth students’ political aspiration should adhere to the collectivism orientation, ideological attitudes of rational judgment and rational choice, and the thinking mode of realistic idealism. Only in this way can the spiritual home of political aspiration be realized indeed.

  12. Qinghai 100 Billion Yuan Lithium Industry Base Has Initially Taken Shape


    "Up till now,upstream R&D; enterprises of Qinghai Salt Lake lithium industry have made a number of breakthroughs,mid-to downstream industries and upstream industry accomplished connection,the industry has initially taken shape."On September 10,Zhou Weixing,Deputy Director-general of Qinghai Provincial

  13. Euros vs. yuan: comparing European and Chinese fishing access in West Africa.

    Dyhia Belhabib

    Full Text Available We compare the performance of European Union (EU and Chinese fisheries access agreements with West African countries in terms of illegal and unreported fishing, economic equity, and patterns of exploitation. Bottom-up re-estimations of catch reveal that the EU (1.6 million t•year(-1 and China (2.3 million t•year(-1 report only 29% and 8%, respectively, of their estimated total catches (including estimated discards whenever possible from West African countries between 2000 and 2010. EU catches are declining, while Chinese catches are increasing and are yet to reach the historic maximum level of EU catches (3 million t•year(-1 on average in the 1970s-1980s. The monetary value of EU fishing agreements, correlated in theory with reported catches, is straightforward to access, in contrast to Chinese agreements. However, once quantified, the value of Chinese agreements is readily traceable within the African economy through the different projects they directly cover, in contrast to the funds disbursed [to host governments] by the EU. Overall, China provides resources equivalent to about 4% of the ex-vessel value [value at landing] of the catch taken by Chinese distant-water fleets from West African waters, while the EU pays 8%. We address the difficulties of separating fees directly related to fishing from other economic or political motivations for Chinese fees, which could introduce a bias to the present findings as this operation is not performed for EU access fees officially related to fishing. Our study reveals that the EU and China perform similarly in terms of illegal fishing, patterns of exploitation and sustainability of resource use, while under-reporting by the EU increases and that by China decreases. The EU agreements provide, in theory, room for improving scientific research, monitoring and surveillance, suggesting a better performance than for Chinese agreements, but the end-use of the EU funds are more difficult, and sometime impossible to ascertain.

  14. VizieR Online Data Catalog: High-mass starless clump candidates from ATLASGAL (Yuan+, 2017)

    Yuan, J.; Wu, Y.; Ellingsen, S. P.; Evans, N. J., II; Henkel, C.; Wang, K.; Liu, H.-L.; Liu, T.; Li, J.-Z.; Zavagno, A.


    This work is based on data from several Galactic plane surveys covering wavelengths from mid-IR to submillimeter. The sample of dense clumps from the ATLASGAL survey (Schuller+ 2009A&A...504..415S) provides the basis for our investigation. The ATLASGAL survey mapped 420 square degrees of the Galactic plane between -80°

  15. 'Pays' -'Land'-'Yuan Lin'. The power of landscape (architecture) terms

    Bruns, D.; Brink, van den A.


    In order to continue building a common body of knowledge, landscape architecture researchers and practitioners must refer to the same fundamental concepts – particularly in those instances where different words are used to describe them. This paper puts the focus on ‘landscape’, probably the most im

  16. Kublai khan's Dadu in yuan Dynasty%忽必烈的元大都




  17. Euros vs. yuan: comparing European and Chinese fishing access in West Africa.

    Belhabib, Dyhia; Sumaila, U Rashid; Lam, Vicky W Y; Zeller, Dirk; Le Billon, Philippe; Abou Kane, Elimane; Pauly, Daniel


    We compare the performance of European Union (EU) and Chinese fisheries access agreements with West African countries in terms of illegal and unreported fishing, economic equity, and patterns of exploitation. Bottom-up re-estimations of catch reveal that the EU (1.6 million t•year(-1)) and China (2.3 million t•year(-1)) report only 29% and 8%, respectively, of their estimated total catches (including estimated discards whenever possible) from West African countries between 2000 and 2010. EU catches are declining, while Chinese catches are increasing and are yet to reach the historic maximum level of EU catches (3 million t•year(-1) on average in the 1970s-1980s). The monetary value of EU fishing agreements, correlated in theory with reported catches, is straightforward to access, in contrast to Chinese agreements. However, once quantified, the value of Chinese agreements is readily traceable within the African economy through the different projects they directly cover, in contrast to the funds disbursed [to host governments] by the EU. Overall, China provides resources equivalent to about 4% of the ex-vessel value [value at landing] of the catch taken by Chinese distant-water fleets from West African waters, while the EU pays 8%. We address the difficulties of separating fees directly related to fishing from other economic or political motivations for Chinese fees, which could introduce a bias to the present findings as this operation is not performed for EU access fees officially related to fishing. Our study reveals that the EU and China perform similarly in terms of illegal fishing, patterns of exploitation and sustainability of resource use, while under-reporting by the EU increases and that by China decreases. The EU agreements provide, in theory, room for improving scientific research, monitoring and surveillance, suggesting a better performance than for Chinese agreements, but the end-use of the EU funds are more difficult, and sometime impossible to ascertain.

  18. The Road of YuanZheng Company%远征之路


    @@ 河北远征药业股份有限公司,位于石家庄市北郊滹沱河畔,是国家农业部定点牛产优质动物保健品的大型综合性企业,中国动物保健品协会的常务理事单位.

  19. Wandering saints : Chan eccentrics in the art and culture of Song and Yuan China

    Paul, Paramita


    In Chinese history, few personalities compare to the Chan eccentrics. These legendary, exceptional monks, including the friends Hanshan and Shide, their teacher Fenggan, and Budai, supposedly dwelled in the mountains and cities of southeast China between the seventh and tenth centuries. Dressed in r

  20. Crust-mantle interaction and its contribution to the Shizhu-yuan superlarge tungsten polymetallic mineralization

    ZHAO; Zhenhua; (


    [1]Sillitoe, R. H., Tin mineralization above mantle hot spots, Nature, 1974, 248: 497.[2]Wang Changlie, Lou Shihui, Xu YouZhi et al., Geology of the Shizhuyuan Tungsten Multimetal Deposit (in Chinese), Beijing: Geology Publishing House, 1987, 29-48, 131-137.[3]Mao Jingwen, Li Hongyan, Pei Rongfu, Geology and geochemistry of the Qianlishan granite stock and its relationship to polymetallic tungsten mineralization, Mineral Deposits (in Chinese), 1995, 14(1): 12.[4]Mao Jingwen, Li Hongyan, Pei Rongfu, Nd-Sr isotopic and petrogenetic studies of the Qianlishan granite stock , Hunan Province, Geology of Mineral Deposits (in Chinese), 1995, 14(3): 235.[5]Mao Jingwen, Metallogenetic speciality of super giant polymetallic tungsten deposit: taking Shizhuyuan deposit as an example, Scientia Geologica Sinica (in Chinese), 1997, 32(3): 351.[6]Liu Yimao, Wang Changlie, Xu Youzhi et al., On the ore-forming conditions and ore-forming model of the super-large multi-metal deposit in Shizhuyuan, Science in China, Ser. D, 1998, 41(5): 502.[7]Tu Guangzhi, The unique nature in ore composition, geological background and metallogene mechanism of non-conventional super-large ore deposits: a preliminary discussion, Science in China, Ser. D, 1998, 41(Supp): 1.[8]Tong Qianming, Wu Renhe, Peng Jilai et al., Metallogeny of W, Sn, Pb-Zn, Au and Ag deposits in the Chengxian-Guiyang Region, South Hunan, China (in Chinese with English abstract), Beijing: Geological Publishing House, 1995, 24.[9]Jin Hesheng, Fu Liangwen, The evolution of volcanic rocks in Hunan Province and their implication in plate tectonics, Geological Review (in Chinese with English abstract), 1981, 32(3): 235.[10]Chen Yuchuan, Mao Jingwen, Metallogenic Series of Ore Deposits and Metallogenic Evolution Through Geological History in North Guangxi (in Chinese with English abstract), Nanning: Science and Technology Press, 1995, 24—47.[11]Gilder, S. A., Gill, J., Coe, R. S. et al., Isotopic and paleomagnetic constraints on the Mesozoic tectonic evolution of South China, J. Geophys. Res., 1996, 101(B7):16 137.[12]Zhao Zhenhua, Bao Zhiwei, Zhang Boyou et al., Geochemistry of the Mesozoic basaltic rocks in southern Hunan Province, Science in China, Ser. D, 1998, 41(Supp.): 102.[13]Zhu Bingquan et al., Isotopic System: Its Theory and Applications in Earth Sciences (in Chinese), Beijing: Science Press, 1998, 224-226.[14]Mao Jingwen, Li Hongyan, Song Xuexin et al., Geology and geochemistry of Shizhuyuan W-Sn-Mo-Bi polymetallic deposit, Hunan, China, Beijing: Geological Publishing House, 1998, 51—55, 130—135.[15]Liu Yimao, Dai Tongmo, Lu Huanzhang et al., The isotopic age dating of 40Ar-39Ar and Sm-Nd of Qianlishan granites, Science in China (in Chinese), Ser. D, 1997, 27(5): 426.[16]Whalen, J.B., Currie, K. L., Chappell, B. W., A-type granites: geochemical characteristics, distribution and petrogenesis, Contrib Mineral. Petrol., 1987, 95: 407.[17]Eby, G. N. Chemical subdivision of the A-type granitoids: Petrogenetic and tectonic implications, Geology, 1992, 20(7): 641.[18]King, P. L., White, A. J. R., Chappell, B. W. et al., Charaterization and origin of aluminous A-type granites from the Lanchlan Fold Belt, Southern Australia, J. Petrol., 1997, 38(3): 371.[19]Chen Jiangfeng, Jahn, B. M., Crustal evolution of southeastern China: Nd and Sr isotopic evidence, Tectonophysics, 1998, 284(1-2): 101.[20]Ji Kejian, Guo Xinsheng, The origin of hydrothermal fluids of Shizhuyuan W-Sn-Mo-Bi polymetallic deposit, Hunan, China, Mineral Deposits (in Chinese), 1998, 17(supp.): 1047.[21]Zhu Qinwen, Wang Fangzheng, Lu Fengxiang et al., Petrological properties of Mesozoic-Cenozoic basalts from southern Hunan Province, Geoscience, 1996, 10(4): 461.[22]Gou Feng, Fan Mingming, Lin Ke, Petrogenesis of the Mesozoic basaltic rocks and the interactions between the lithosphere and aesthenosphere in Southern Hunan Province, Bulletin of Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry (in Chinese). 1998, 17(1): 1.[23]Zhu Bingquan, Chang Xiangyang, Qiu Huaning et al., Characteristics of Proterozoic basements on the geochemical steep zones in the continent of China and their implications for setting of superlarge deposits, Science in China, Ser. D, 1998, 41(supp.): 54.[24]Li Xianhua, Hu Ruizhong, Rao Bing, Geochronology and geochemistry of Cretaceous mafic dikes from north Guangdong, SE China. Geochemica (in Chinese), 1997, 26(2): 14.

  1. Innovation Group Will Invest 20 Billion Yuan to Launch a Hard Aluminum Alloy Project


    <正>On November 20, the People’s Government of Tongliao City of Inner Mongolia, the People’s Government of Huolinguole City and Shandong-based Innovation Group signed an investment framework agreement on a new-type hard aluminum alloy project. Under the agreement

  2. My Mind is Wandering Aesthetic Category of You in Yuan You by Qu Yuan%吾心邀游——屈原《远游》之"游"范畴审美




  3. 论元朝烧埋银的起源%The Origins of Yuan Dynasty Burn and Buried Silver




  4. CRFA President Chen Yuan in Russia for Activities Marking 70th Anniversary of Victory of World Anti-Fascist War

    Zheng; Chen


    Seventy years ago,a war broke out,engulfing around two billion people of more than 80countries and regions,and causing an unprecedented catastrophe in human civilization.In this life-anddeath struggle between justice and evil,the world anti-fascist forces including China and the Soviet Union fought shoulder to shoulder and finally won victory.

  5. His Excellency Professor Dr Che-Ho Wei, Chairman, National Science Council Executive Yuan, Republic of China

    Patrice Loïez


    Photo 01: Professor Dr. Che-Ho Wei signing the Guest Book with CERN Director-General, L. Maiani. Photo 02: Professor Dr. Che-Ho Wei. Photo 03::Professor Dr. Che-Ho Wei shaking hands with CERN Director-General, L. Maiani.

  6. VizieR Online Data Catalog: The M33 Synoptic Stellar Survey. II. Mira variables (Yuan+, 2017)

    Yuan, W.; He, S.; Macri, L. M.; Long, J.; Huang, J. Z.


    We carried out a search for Mira variables in M33 using sparsely sampled I-band light curves. We based our search on the observations of M33 obtained by Macri et al. 2001 (Cat. J/AJ/121/861) and Pellerin et al. 2011 (Cat. J/ApJS/193/26). These surveys covered most of the disk of this galaxy with a combined baseline of nearly a decade (1996 September to 1999 November for Macri et al. 2001, Cat. J/AJ/121/861; 2002 August to 2006 August for Pellerin et al. 2011, Cat. J/ApJS/193/26) mainly using the Fred L. Whipple Observatory (FLWO) 1.2m and the WIYN observatory 3.5m telescopes with a variety of cameras (see the respective publications for details). While images were obtained in multiple bandpasses (BVI), our analysis is only based on the I-band time-series photometry because Mira candidates fall below the detection limit in the bluer bands. Our final sample consists of 1847 Mira candidates (see Table2). (1 data file).

  7. 10 Billion Yuan Transport-use Aluminum Market Invigorated the Vitality Of the Aluminum Deep Processing Industry


    When the Chinese economy enters a"new normal"status,the aluminum industry is also facing the overlapping pattern of"growth speed gear-shift period,period of structure adjustmen and pains,and early-stage stimulation policy digestion period",rebuilding industria structure and developing mode undoubtedly have become key discussion topics of the aluminum industry.Although China’aluminum industry is temporarily trapped in

  8. Yunnan Copper Co., Ltd. Invested 1.5 Billion Yuan for 200,000-Ton Refined Copper Project in Baoding


    <正>Yunnan Copper(Group)Co.,Ltd.has signed a strategic agreement with Baoding Municipal Government of Heibei Province in Kunming on the joint development of a copper smelting project.With the joint investment from Baoding Xinxian Government,Yunnan Copper Co.,Ltd.and Baoding Dali Copper Ltd,a copper refinery with an annual capacity of

  9. The Yuan vs. the Dollar: China and the United States are Already in a "Hot" War


    HotWar is named as such because it is a money-centric conflict where speculative money (Le., "Hof’ money in FOREX )reigns as an instrument of economic ( FOREX ) market. Here, the USD valiantly attempts to defend its reserved position in the world, while it is dragged into collisions with the...the two nations; rather, the value ofthese two currencies, which perennially draw speculative (i.e., "hot") money in the FOREX markets, is the

  10. Earnings Increased 500 Million Yuan Thanks to the Rise of Export Tax Rebate for Aluminium and Copper Products


    <正>In mid-November,the Ministry of Finance and the State Administration of Taxation issued a tax circular Notification on Raising Export Tax Rebate Rate of the Value-added Tax for Com- modities including Labor-intensive Products, raising the export tax rebate rate by 9% and 13% respectively for refined copper tubes with a outer diameter no more than 25mm and non- alloy aluminium products including rectangular plates,sheets and strips.This is the first time China has adjusted the export tax for nonfer- rous metal products.The adjustment will have a direct positive effect on improving the busi-

  11. 《再生缘》与女性文学%Zai Sheng Yuan (Rebirth Destiny) and Female Literature




  12. Jiangxi Copper Lead Zinc Smelting Project with an Investment of Nearly 5 billion yuan Started Construction in Hukou


    <正>Recently,Jiangxi Copper Group Lead Zinc Smelting Project,a key construction project of Jiangxi Province’s "Ten,Hundred,Thousand Project" (referring to the plan to have a number of leading enterprises with annual sales topping

  13. VizieR Online Data Catalog: YSO candidates in the IR dust bubble N6 (Yuan+, 2014)

    Yuan, J.-H.; Wu, Y.; Li, J. Z.; Liu, H.


    Observations of the infrared dust bubble N6 in J=1-0 transitions of 12CO (115.272 GHz) and 13CO (110.201 GHz) were carried out with the Purple Mountain Observatory (PMO) 13.7m telescope on 2012 June 29. The on-the-fly mode was used to map a 21'x25' region with a reference point at RA(J2000)=18 14 39.3, DE(J2000)=-18 24 42.9. The half-power beam width of the PMO 13.7 m telescope was about 52" at both 115GHz and 110GHz. The pointing and tracking accuracies were determined to be better than 5" by scanning planets (e.g., Jupiter and Venus). Public survey data at wavelengths ranging from infrared to centimeter were retrieved from GLIMPSE (Cat. II/293), MIPSGAL (Carey et al., 2009PASP..121...76C), and MAGPIS (Cat. J/AJ/131/2525) surveys. (3 data files).

  14. Xiamen Tungsten Co.,Ltd Verified the Largest Tungsten Mine Worldwide with a Potential Value Topping 300 Billion Yuan


    <正>On June 5,the Ministry of Land and Resources announced that,in Dahutang area of Wuning County,Jiujiang City.Jiangxi Province,a tungsten mine with a reserve of 1.06 million tonnes has been prospected;it is the largest tungsten mine in the world today.One of the investors of this prospecting activity is Xiamen Tungsten Co.,Ltd,a public listed company from Fujian Province.According to data of The Ministry of Land and Resources,

  15. 野间宏笔下的战后日本人--小说《脸上的红月亮》及《崩溃感觉》主人公评析%People in Post-war Japan Described by Noma Hiroshi--Analysis of Protagonists in Novels The Red Moon on the Face and The Feeling of Collapse




  16. The History of the Issue of Yuan Shikai Silver Coin with "Soviet" Seal Mark%袁头加盖"苏维埃"版银币的由来



    @@ 袁头加盖"苏维埃"版一向被中外货币收藏家视作珍品.我国近代铸币收藏家施嘉干一九四九年编印的和以收集我国机铸币较丰著称的耿爱德所编及美国版中国铸币部分、均有该铸币的实物复印件,并附有简要的文字说明.

  17. 元代畏兀儿的界定及其文化区域%The Uighur Definition in Yuan Dynasty and its Cultural Regions

    王红梅; 杨富学



  18. Efflux pump gene hefA of Helicobacter pylori plays an important role in multidrug resistanceZhi-Qiang Liu,Peng-Yuan Zheng,Ping-Chang Yang

    Zhi-Qiang Liu; Peng-Yuan Zheng; Ping-Chang Yang


    AIM:To determine whether efflux systems contribute to multidrug resistance of H pylori.METHODS:A chloramphenicol-induced multidrug resistance model of six susceptible H pylori strains(5 isolates and H pylori NCTC11637)was developed.Multidrug-resistant(MDR)strains were selected and the minimal inhibitory concentration(MIC)of erythromycin,metronidazole,penicillin G,tetracycline,and ciprofloxacin in multidrug resistant strains and their parent strains was determined by agar dilution tests.The level of mRNA expression of hefA was assessed by fluorescence real-time quantitative PCR.A H pylori LZ1026 knockout mutant(△H pylori LZ1026)for(putative)efflux protein was constructed by inserting the kanamycin resistance cassette from pEGFP-N2 into hefA,and its susceptibility profiles to 10 antibiotics were evaluated.RESULTS:The MIC of six multidrug-resistant strains(including 5 clinical isolates and H pylori NaCTC11637)increased significantly(≥4-fold)compared with their parent strains.The expression level of herA gene was significantly higher in the MDR strains than in their parent strains(P=0.033).A H pylori LZ1026 mutant was successfully constructed and the △H pylori LZ1026 was more susceptible to four of the 10 antibiotics.All the 20 strains displayed transcripts for hefA that con-firmed the in vitro expression of these genes.CONCLUSION:The efflux pump gene hefA plays an important role in multidrug resistance of H pylori.(C)2008 The WJG Press.All rights reserved.

  19. Analyse on Sincerity of the Emotion of YUAN Zhen's Memorial Poetry%浅析元稹悼亡诗情感的真挚性




  20. QTL mapping of flowering time and fruit shape in Xishuangbana cucumber WI767 (Cucumis sativus L. var. xishuangbannanesis Qi et Yuan)

    The Xishuangbanna cucumber (XIS) is a semi-wild landrace growing in the tropical southwest China, which has some unique traits that are useful for cucumber breeding. One such accession is WI7167 that exhibits dark green leaves, short hypocotyl, round fruit shape, orange flesh color in mature fruits,...

  1. 远方教授辨治肾性血尿经验%The Distance in Treating Renal Hematuria Experience of Professor YUAN Fang



    This paper expounds the distant professor for renal hematuria syndrome differentiation and treatment experience, mainly by expelling the wind evil, nourishing yin to clear fire, promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis, invigorating spleen and kidney, strengthening treatment method, clinical curative effect.%文章阐述了远方教授对于肾生血尿辨证论治的经验,主要运用疏风散邪、滋阴清火、活血化瘀、补益脾肾、扶正祛邪等治疗方法,临床疗效较好.

  2. Compilation of Missing Works and Discrimination of YuanZhen Collection%《元稹集》辨伪与辑佚




  3. 袁隆平院士荣获2004年度世界粮食奖%Academician YUAN Long-ping Won the2004 World Food Prize



    2004年3月29日,世界粮食奖基金会在华盛顿宣布,“杂交水稻之父”袁隆平教授(中国国家杂交水稻工程技术研究中心主任)和非洲水稻专家蒙蒂·琼斯(Montv Jones)博士(塞拉利昂人,曾为西非水稻发展中心专家,现任设在加纳的非洲农业研究论坛执行秘书)共同被授予2004年度世界粮食奖,两人分享25万美元的奖金。

  4. On a Type of Verse Written about Prostitutes in the Yuan Dynasty%元代妓女散曲浅论




  5. The Universal Consciousness of Historical Science in the Yuan Dynasty%元代史学的世界性意识




  6. Contradiction between Yuan and Duan and the Failure of Hong-xian Monarcly%袁段矛盾与洪宪帝制的败亡




  7. 元杂剧动词重叠短时体探讨%Exploration on the Verb Overlaps Short-time Body in Yuan Miscellaneous Operas

    王琴; 汪芳启


    元杂剧中单音节动词重叠方式比较丰富,有"V V"、"V-V"和"V VO"、"V O-V"、"V-V O"等.主要语法意义是表"时短量小",其表达功能与重叠式的时间特征有密切关系,因其体裁特点,元杂剧表未然动作的重叠式占优势."V V"与"V-V"的语用价值也有不同,"V V"比较自由,"V-V"比较郑重.能够重叠的动词语义上也受到一定的限制.

  8. Kublai Khan of Yuan Dynasty Extinguishing Dali Kingdom: A Historical Event Emendation%元世祖忽必烈灭大理国史事考




  9. Comments on the System of Marriage by Succession in Yuan Dynasty%元代收继婚制度评述




  10. ON the Succession of Marriage and Its Change in the Yuan Dynasty%元代收继婚俗及其演变与影响




  11. Dragon Boat, the Dragon-Boat Festival, and Qu Yuan, the Great Poet%龙舟、端午节和屈原




  12. The Meaning of Chinese Music In Mao Yuan's Academic Career%茅原学术生涯与中国音乐的不解之缘




  13. Trace to the cultural source of Vanilla and Xing in Qu Yuan's poetry%屈赋中"香草"之"兴"的文化溯源




  14. On the Specific Image of Vanilla in Qu Yuan's Works%论屈原作品中香草的具体意象




  15. 可持续发展的生态住宅——西南名苑%Sustainable Ecological Housing——Xi Nan Ming Yuan

    朱良水; 陈琍



  16. 蒙元时期的穆斯林与伊斯兰教法%The Muslims and Islamic Law in the Yuan Dynasty




  17. 论林则徐与魏源的经世思想%On the Social Thoughts of Lin Zexu and Wei Yuan




  18. Wei Yuan,Lin Zexu and Hai Guo Tu Zhi%魏源、林则徐与《海国图志》




  19. In the First Two Months of This Year Nonferrous Metals Mining and Dressing Industry Invested 7.5 Billion Yuan,Up by 15.3%


    According to relevant economic operation data for the period from January to February this year released by the National Bureau of Statistics,in the first two months the added value of industrial enterprises above designated size actually grew by 6.8%on Y-o-Y basis.Wherein,added value of mining and dressing industry grew by 4.2%)on Y-o-Y basis,slightly

  20. 易学中的元亨利贞说%The Doctrine of "YuanHengLiZhen" in the Theory of I-Ching




  1. A Fresh Study on Chancellor of Commission for Education in Yuan Dynasty%元朝国子学教官问题初探




  2. Examination and Description of Mandala Murals in Tsang Area in Yuan Dynasty%元朝后藏地区坛城壁画考述




  3. Resolution of Energy Consumption Reduction Rate of Ten-thousand Yuan GDP%解析万元GDP能耗降低率




  4. 元代杨维桢对竹枝词的继承与开拓%On Yang Weizhen's Inheritance and Development of Zhuzhi Poems in Yuan Dynasty



    Yang Weizhen's Zhuzhi poems can be said to be both an inheritance and a development. With the increase of historical materials and studies in recent years, Yang Weizhen's "break-through", proposed in early studies, is in fact more of a kind of"inheritance", if put in the development history of Zhuzhi poems, but his autonomous consciousness of "localization" and poetic idea based on "temperament theory" still endow his Zhuzhi po-ems with unique value.%杨维桢的竹枝词可谓继承与开拓并举。近年来随着史料和研究的增加,早期研究中提出的杨维桢的“突破”,放在竹枝词发展史中实际上更多的是一种“继承”,但他自觉的“风土化”意识与“情性论”诗学理念让他的竹枝词依旧有独特的价值。

  5. A Discussion of Yuan Dynasty's Crusade Against Annam During Kublai's Reign%论元忽必烈朝对安南的征伐




  6. A Discussion of Yuan Dynasty's Crusade Agaigst Japan During Kublai's Reign%元朝忽必烈对日本的战争




  7. Diversification Develops Rapidly in Henan Oilfields

    Sun Qiao


    @@ During the 12 years ( 1985-1996 ),diversification in Henan oilfields produced altogether 3.25 billion yuan of output value,including over 2.9 billion yuan of sales income, more than 400 million yuan of fixed assets, over 230 million yuan of profit tax, and over 400 million yuan born as wages for the oilfields.

  8. 辛亥百年,沅澧群英——《辛亥沅澧人物史话》课程建设随笔%1911 Revolutionary Movement Hundred Years and Yuan Li Qun Ying -Course construction essay of the historical figures in the 1911 revolutionary movement in Yuan Li



    在波澜壮阔的辛亥革命中,地处湘西北的常德诞生了一批品质优秀的民主革命志士,他们在辛亥革命的不同时期扮演了重要的角色,对近代中国历史的进程作出了较大的贡献。为了缅怀革命先烈,继承革命传统,湖南文理学院历史专业增开了《辛亥沅澧人物史话》。就该课程的开设动因、基本原则、主要内容、学习方法和建设意义作个简单汇报,以期对高校特色课程建设和改革进行探讨。%In surging forward with great momentum hot1911 revolutionary movement , a Xiang northwest of often virtuous naissance a group of talented persons concentration, the quality excellent democracy revolution person with ideals and integrity, they are in the hot 1911 revolutionary movement not the corresponding period played the important role, making to the modern age progress of the Chinese history bigger contribution.For thinking of the revolution martyrs of the past, inherit the revolution tradition, the history profession of my school increased to open the historical figures in the 1911 revolutionary movement .This text should be curricular of set up to move because of, basic principle, main contents, study method and construction the meaning makes to make collective report in brief, to expect to constuct the special features course of the high school to carry on the study with reform.


    Aydın ÜNAL


    Full Text Available Bu çalışmada; üniversite eğitimi alan gençlerin Türkiye’nin AB’ye üyelik sürecine bakış açıları ve üniversite eğitimi alan gençlerin AB üyeliğinden ekonomik ve özgürlükler anlamında beklentileri belirlenmeye çalışılmıştır. Araştırma evreni olarak Kırklareli Üniversitesi Pınarhisar Meslek Yüksekokulu öğrencileri belirlenmiştir. Araştırma evreninin belirlenmesinde; okulda hem sosyal hem de fen bilimlerinin alanına giren programlarda eğitimin yürütülmesi etkili olmuştur. Araştırma evrenini oluşturan öğrenci sayısı 833 tanedir. Örneklem belirlemede ise devam zorunluluğu bulunan öğrenciler esası oluşturmuştur. Bu öğrencilerin sayısı 708 tanedir. Veri toplama sürecinde bu öğrencilerden 483 tanesine ulaşılmıştır. Veriler SPSS 13.0 istatistik programı vasıtasıyla analize tabi tutulmuştur. Araştırma sonuçları şu şekilde özetlemek mümkündür. a Pınarhisar MYO’nda eğitim alan öğrencilerin %46,6’sı Türkiye’nin AB üyeliğine sıcak bakmamaktadırlar. b AB üyeliğini program bazında sadece turizm programı öğrencileri istemektedir. c Öğrenciler AB üyeliğinin ülkemizin olanaklarına ve özgürlüklerine katkı sağlayacağına inanmaktadırlar.

  10. Strauss, R.: Symphony in F minor, Op. 12... Tokyo Metropolitan Symphony Orchestra / David Nice

    Nice, David


    Uuest heliplaadist "Strauss, R.: Symphony in F minor, Op. 12... Tokyo Metropolitan Symphony Orchestra / Hiroshi Wakasugi. Denon CD CO-75 860 (54 minutes); Symphony - comparative version: SNO, Järvi" (8/93)(CHAN) CHAN 9166

  11. Nobel Prize 2014: Akasaki, Amano & Nakamura

    Heber, Joerg


    The 2014 Nobel Prize in Physics has been awarded to Isamu Akasaki, Hiroshi Amano and Shuji Nakamura "for the invention of efficient blue light-emitting diodes which has enabled bright and energy-saving white light sources."

  12. Edward Teller Medal: Laudations and Citations 2005-2015

    Hora, Heinrich; Miley, George H.


    The following sections are included: * Max Tabak * Joseph D. Kilkenny * Kunioki Mima * Brian R. Thomas * Ricardo Betti * Edward I. Moses * Christine Garban-Labaune * Bruce A. Remington * James Hammer * Richard Petrasso * Jie Zhang * Hiroshi Azechi

  13. Strauss, R.: Symphony in F minor, Op. 12... Tokyo Metropolitan Symphony Orchestra / David Nice

    Nice, David


    Uuest heliplaadist "Strauss, R.: Symphony in F minor, Op. 12... Tokyo Metropolitan Symphony Orchestra / Hiroshi Wakasugi. Denon CD CO-75 860 (54 minutes); Symphony - comparative version: SNO, Järvi" (8/93)(CHAN) CHAN 9166

  14. Maria-Kristiina Ulasele tunnustus Dhakast


    12. Aasia kunstibiennaalil Bangladeshis märgiti ära töö "Ükssarv meeliskleb Musta Madonna saladuste üle". Peapreemia jaapani kunstnik Hiroshi Fujile. Eestist osales ka Silvi Liiva ja Peeter Allik

  15. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, Japan, 28th Ceramics Science Discussion


    Hiroshi Asakura, Hiroshi Yamamura] .............................. 59 Microstructure, Dielectric Properties of Tungsten Bronze -Type Ceramics [Yoji Ueda...of Strain 60 Microstructure, Dielectric Properties of Tungsten Bronze -Type Ceramics 906C7512 Tokyo SERAMIKKUSU KISO KAGAKU TORONKAI in Japanese 24 Jan...with different microstructures were produced for an oxide of the tungsten bronze type, Ba 0 . 5 Sr 0 . 5 Nb 20 6 , by varying the particle size and

  16. Key Economic Indexes of China's Three Oil Giants in 2001


    @@ Based on the statistical figures provided by CNPC,Sinopec and CNOOC, three oil giants in the country,CNPC generated 430.1 billion yuan for the sales income, 53 billion yuan for the profits and 64.8billion yuan for the taxes in 2001. Sinopec generated 360 billion yuan for the sales income, 12.81 billion yuan for the profits and 34.19 billion yuan for the taxes. CNOOC generated 30.38 billion yuan for the sales income and 9.6 billion yuan for the profits.

  17. ICBC’s First-Quarter Figures


    Net profit was 35.3 billion yuan ($5.19 billion), or 0.11 yuan ($0,016) per share, up 6.03 percent, and 10 percent year on year, respectively. Customer deposits reached 9.1 trillion yuan (($1.3 trillion) at the end of March, an increase of 900 billion yuan ($132 billion) from the end of 2008.

  18. Project 3737,a UN Aid Program in Hebei



  19. The Origins and Evolutions of the Yuan Money of the Warring states,Qin aud Han Dynasties%战国秦汉圜钱的起源与演变



    @@ 我国先秦时期,金属铸币是多种多样的.根据考古发掘出上的实物,按照其形志,大凡可分为:贝币、布币、刀币和圜币四大系.本文拟对其中铸行数量最多、流通地域最广、沿袭时间最长的圜钱之起源及其在秦汉间的演变,谈谈自己一些粗浅看法.

  20. 评上海银钱业之间关于废两改元的争辩%Criticism of the Debate in the Shanghai Banking Sector over Abolishing Silver in Favor of the Yuan




  1. 从对屈原的评价看汉代人的文学批评思想%Han's literary criticism thought seen from their appraisal of QU Yuan




  2. 解体认知《园冶》——“兴造论”与“园说”%The Structural Text of Yuan Ye in Analytical Thoughts:Building Discussion and Landscape Architecture Statement




  3. A study on the Uighur-Mongulian inscription "BATMAN" on the Bronze Bobweight of Yuan Dynasty%元代铜权上的回鹘式蒙古文铭文()考




  4. 元代对蒙古东道诸王统辖研究%A Study of the Governing of the Yuan Dynasty of the East-dao Lieges of Mongolia





    江彬; 黄国平; 柳侃


    在花岗岩风化强烈地区,即使在植被茂密的自然山坡,持续强降雨阈值达到一定程度,易引发群发性滑坡泥石流,形成灾害链。这些滑坡多是表层土质滑坡,具有突发性,滑面多呈直线型,位于残坡积层与全-强风化界面之间。滑动前变形迹象不明显,一旦启动迅速成为高速滑坡,形成所谓“气垫效应”,能跨越沟坎,运行距离较远,其前缘冲击波能摧毁一切,造成严重灾难。滑体在沟谷洪水作用下转化为泥石流,形成二次灾害。区域性大面积群发性地质灾害的产生,使抢险救灾工作难于开展,从灾害发生到抢险救灾结束,整个过程给我们留下很多经验、教训和启示。%A large number of disaster chain of landslide and debris flow have been caused by the strong rainfall threshold easily in the weathered granite strong area,even in the dense vegetation of natural slopes zone.The charcteristic of surface soil landslide include linear sliding surface between the eluvial slope wash and highly weathered interface,with sudden formation.Lanslide cause serious destroy disaster in the leading edge by the formation of "air cushion effect"with once started quickly high-speed and previous unclear sliding deform-ation signs.Landslide transform to debris flow by the effect of the flood disaster in the val-ley.The rescue and relief work is difficult to carry out for the large regional group of geo-logical hazards.The experience and indoctrination have procured from the whole process of the disaster deformation to the subsequent rescue.

  6. Rui-Yuan Sun, Qing-shan Zheng. New Concepts of Mathematical Pharmacology. Beijing: People's Medical Publishing House; 2004. 686 pages, RMB 43.00 (≈$5.19, paperback) ISBN.7-117-06110-3/R*6111



    @@ Contemporary pharmacological research has two pronounced trends: one trend is from the "macro" to the "micro". The frontier of medical research is on the cellular, molecular, and genetic level, which allow people to access the pharmacological arcanum more and more exactly.

  7. Worship of Guanyu and the Image in Miscellaneous Plays in Yuan Dynasty%元代关羽崇拜与元杂剧中的关羽形象




  8. Games between governments and civil societies of Yuan in human trafficking%从人口买卖看元朝政府与民间社会的博弈




  9. 元磨高速公路锚索桩板墙的破坏原因及加固%Failure causes and reinforcement of anchor rope - pile sheet wall on Yuan - Mo Expressway




  10. “三焦”针法与“益气调血,扶本培元”%"Sanjiao" acupunture and "YiQi TiaoXue, FuBen PeiYuan"

    张鑫; 罗本华; 蔡攀; 尚磊; 韩景献; 于建春



  11. The treatment of severe head trauma Outside a branch Yuan Li barkam sichuan ruoergai county people's hospital%对重型颅脑外伤患者进行临床治疗的效果观察



    objective clinical therapy in patients with severe head injury with shock. Methods select our hospital in February 2011-December 2013 treated 124 cases of patients with severe head injury with shock, according to the principle of damage control surgery for rescue, all patients in intensive care units, to focus on monitoring of their vital signs, internal organs function, prevention and treatment of infection, pay attention to early enteral nutrition. Results through treatment, 44 cases cured, 12 patients, 30 cases of severely disabled plants survival 10 cases, 28 cases of death, the cause of death for central nervous exhaustion or multiple organ failure after surgery. Conclusion severe craniocerebral injury patients with shock with multiple intracranial hematoma, cerebral palsy, shock or breathing difficulties, such as treatment to rigorous, when necessary, multiple surgery at the same time, strengthen the EICU model of diagnosis and treatment.%目的:探讨对重型颅脑外伤伴有休克患者进行临床治疗的方法。方法对2011年2月-2013年12月间我院收治的124例重型颅脑外伤伴有休克患者的临床资料进行回顾性的分析。这些患者入院后,对其按照损失控制外科的原则进行抢救,全部患者均在重症病房接受抢救,医护人员对其生命体征进行重点监护,对其各个脏器的功能进行保护,防治感染,注意在早期为其进行肠道营养治疗。结果通过治疗,被治愈者有44例,轻残者12例,重残者30例,植物生存者10例,死亡者28例,其死亡的原因为中枢神经衰竭或术后多器官功能衰竭。结论重症颅脑外伤伴有休克患者多出现颅内血肿、脑瘫、休克或呼吸困难等症状,对其进行治疗要严谨,必要时可同时为其进行多个手术。

  12. Exchange Rate Tendency of American Dollars,Japanese Yuan and European Dollars and Revelation to the Exchange Rate of RMB%美元日元欧元的走势及对人民币汇率的启示




  13. Analysis of the Influence of Religious Pluralism on Mongolian Family Burial Custom in the Yuan Dynasty%试析多元宗教对元朝蒙古族葬俗的影响



    Since Genghis Khan Mongolia Empire was established,with the Mongolia cavalry fight up and down the country,various foreign religions began with the influx of foreign residents to the country,and they mixed with the Chinese native Taoism,Shamanism and Confucianism,then got continuous development.Genghis Khan and his successors adopted inclusive and equitable policies,making use of these religions to strengthen their rule.Along with wide spread and pervasive of religious pluralism in Mongolian society,Mongolia changed,and Mongolian funeral customs changed significantly.Many new funeral styles began in the Mongolian nation and were characterized by the times and the nation.%自成吉思汗建立蒙古汗国始,随着蒙古铁骑的南征北伐,各种外来宗教开始随着外来居民的涌入而传至国内,并与中国土生土长的道教、萨满教和儒学思想相互糅合,不断地发展。成吉思汗和他的继承者对各种宗教皆采取兼容并蓄的政策,利用其来加强自己的统治。随着多元教派在蒙古社会的逐渐渗透和广泛传播,蒙古社会发生了巨变,蒙古族丧葬习俗的变化尤为明显,如火葬、天葬等新的丧葬方式开始在蒙古族实施,并表现出时代和民族特色。

  14. 白居易《与元九书》的诗论主张评析%Bai Juyi's Advocacy and Comment on Poetry in his "Letter Written to Yuan Jiu"

    白振有; 王玉彪



  15. 身后是非谁管得--读袁良骏先生的《丁玲:不解的恩怨和谜团》%A reading of Yuan liangjun's Ding ling:insolvable old scores and mysteries



    @@ 刚刚拜读2001年第5期所载袁良骏先生的大文,又悉该文为转载.平心而论,这篇棱角分明、笔锋犀利的文章,若出自一位对丁玲无甚研究、涉世不深的小青年之手,并不足为怪.因为时下对包括鲁迅在内的革命文艺家进行酷评,甚至对他们的思想、作品、人格加以全面颠覆的文章比比皆是.奇怪的是,袁先生却是"一名新时期的丁玲研究专家".这不仅仅是自诩,新时期以来,他确曾耗费大量心血,编辑出版、发表过上百万字的丁玲研究资料和丁玲研究文章.也许,诚如袁先生所言,他所作的这些研究工作,是"出于教学的需要,也出于对这位命运多舛的老作家的同情和敬意."然而,这篇所谓对评论对象充满"同情和敬意"的文章,却把本来非常清楚的事实,倏地化作团团迷雾,甚至化作莫须有的污点.


    邵炳生; 张良红; 高海发; 焦彦杰



  17. "meta-"可以译为"元"吗?——与辜正坤先生商榷%Can"meta-"be translated into"yuan"?——A Discussion with Mr.Gu Zhengkun




  18. 论宋元时期火药时代战斗力生成模式的兴起%On Rise of Gunpowder Times Combat Capacity Mode in Song and Yuan Dynasties

    汪翔; 吕杰; 杨家余



  19. 忽必烈在六盘山皈依佛门与大元帝师制度%Kublai Khan converting to Buddhism at Liupan Moutain and the Emperor Preceptor system of Yuan Dynasty




  20. 元代肖像画《忽必烈大汗像》与《杨竹西小像图》比较%Comparison of the Portrait Work of Yuan Dynasty "Kublai Khan Portrait" and "Yang Zhuxi Portrait"




  1. A Summery of International Seminar on Society and Culture During Yuan Dynasty-Studies on Kublai Khan%元代社会文化暨元世祖忽必烈国际学术研讨会综述




  2. Kublai Khan's attitude to Confucian scholars and their images in Yuan Zaju%从忽必烈对儒人儒学的态度看元初杂剧中的士人形象




  3. 蔡元培公民道德教育思想及其启示%Cai Yuan-pei's Ideas of Civic Moral Education and the Implications



    蔡元培公民道德教育思想的内核是儒家“修身、齐家、治国、平天下”和西方“民主、平等、博爱”思想相结合,自律与他律相统一,理性与诗性兼备。其启示有三:公民权利意识教育是实现公民教育的前提;法治教育是现代公民教育的基本内容;适当的公民教育方法是保障公民教育有效实施的重要途径。%The core of Cai Yuanpei's ideas of civic and moral education is a combination ot ContucLan "selfcultivation, regulating the family, managing the state and world affairs" and the Western "de mocracy, equality, and fraternity" of selfdiscipline and heteronomy, and of rationalism and romanti cism. The implications include the civil rights awareness is the premise of civic education legal edu cation is the basic content of modern civic education; appropriate civic education is an important way of effective implementation of the civic education.

  4. On the Original Form of Zaju in Yuan Dynasty from the Perspective of Yuankan Zaju%从元刊杂剧重新审视元杂剧体制之原貌



    是现存刊刻最早的元杂剧选本,也是最早的戏曲刊本.它保留了元杂剧体制、内容、版本最原始的资料,从中可以看出元杂剧分折的不规范,题目正名使用的不规范,诸宫调形式的影响等.若以戏曲的标准衡量,某些作品在许多方面还没能达到今日戏曲史所云之规范.%Thirty Types of Yuankan Zaju is the earliest selection of zaju so far and also the earliest opera selection. It keeps the most original system, content, and version information of zaju, which shows that the non-standard form of dividing zaju into zhe, the non-standard form of the name of zaju and the influence by all kinds of Gongdiao. According to standard of opera, some zaju can not reach the standard mentioned in opera history.

  5. China Petroleum Group determines electron business stock of 12 billion Yuan this year%中国石油确定今年电子商务采购120亿元




  6. 元杂剧家庭伦理叙事中人物身分的失落与确认%One's Identity in Narration of Yuan Dynasty Dramas on Family Ethic: Lost & Re-notarized




  7. 心航学海诲人不倦的良师——茅原老师教学点滴%Teach With Zeal and Patience and unremitting Study In Academic Circle——On Prof. Mao Yuan's Teaching




  8. Studying on "Tingbiji" (厅壁记)and the innovation of Li Hua & Yuan Jie(李华、元结)%"厅壁记"的源流以及李华、元结的革新



    @@ 当我们讨论唐代古文家的文体时候,往往把焦点集中在韩愈与柳宗元身上,许多学者从韩、柳古文中寻找文体革新上的发展轨辙.但是我们要注意的是,除了韩、柳之外,也有不少唐代古文家对文体革新起过极其重要的作用.

  9. 论辛弃疾“以文为词”对于元散曲的影响%On the Impact of Xin Qiji’s“Writing Ci Poems in Prose Style”on Loose Melody of Yuan Dynasty



    “Writing Ci Poems in Prose Style”has been subject to Ci specialists’ attention, but more focused on“Writing Ci Poems in Prose Style”concept itself, while its influence to other forms of literature are seldom addressed. This paper sorts out the concept evolution of“Writing Ci Poems in Prose style”, and gives a comparison of the prose language style, the argumentative method and the loose melody, then comes to believe that“Writing Ci Poems in Prose Style”has an impact on loose melody, playing an active role in its approaches, contents and diversity.%“以文为词”历来受到词学家的重视,但多着眼于“以文为词”概念本身,就其对于其他文学形式的影响论及甚少。该文通过对于“以文为词”概念流变过程的梳理,将“以文为词”散文化的语言、议论化的手法结合音律上的可能性同散曲加以比照,认为散曲受到“以文为词”的影响,在散曲的表现手法、内容及多样性上起到积极作用。

  10. Yuan Shikai's Korea Domination before 1894 War and the Disruption of Suzerain- vassal Relationship%甲午战争前袁世凯对朝鲜干涉及中朝宗藩体制的瓦解




  11. 元朝与高丽"舅甥之好"关系下的物质文化交流%The Material and Cultural Exchanges in the Relations to "The Uncle-Nephew Rapport" between Yuan Dynasty and Koryo




  12. The Comparison of Governing Thinking Between Gong Zizhen, Lin Zexu and Wei Yuan%龚自珍、林则徐、魏源经世致用思想之比较

    伍君; 王卫



  13. The Contributions of Lin Zexu and Wei Yuan to the Introduction of Western Library into China%林则徐、魏源对西方图书馆的译介及其影响




  14. 林则徐魏源民营思想产生的历史条件及其影响%History Condition and Effects about Civil-managing Ideas Advocate by Lin Zexu and Wei Yuan




  15. 元代枢府瓷剔刻化妆土工艺初探%Preliminary Analysis on the Carved Soil Technology of Pivot Mansion Porcelain in Yuan Dynasty



      景德镇历尧村月山坞窑窑址所采集到的元代枢府瓷标本,其剔刻化妆土工艺于枢府瓷中应用,尚未见相关资料著录,故对此研究具有意义。根据标本的特殊性,试探讨枢府瓷剔刻化妆土的工艺过程、其与北方窑工南迁的关系,及其对明永乐“锥拱工艺”的影响。%This article researches the carved soil technology and related issues based on the porcelain specimen collected in Yueshan Dock kiln which were found in Liyao village of Jingdezhen. The carved soil technology used in pivot mansion porcelain was not found in the past. This article mainly discusses the process of producing the pivot mansion porcelain,and its effects on northern craftsman who were southward and the“Zhuigong Technology”in Yongle in Ming Dynasty.

  16. New Discrimination on the Wrong Arrangement in"QuYuan's Collected Biography"and the Time of Producing "Li shao"%《屈原列传》的错排与《离骚》的写作年代




  17. Ceremony and Testimony: the Sacrifice to Heaven Officiated by Yuan Shikai in 1914%仪式与“罪证”:1914年袁世凯的祭天典礼




  18. Outline of LI Dong-yuan's Academic Thinking on Advocating the Application of "Wind Medicine"%李东垣倡风药应用学术思想述要



    The history of using "wind medicine" was briefly elaborated through studying literature, especially Li Dong-yucai's academic thinking on using wind medicine was emphatically pointed out, in which he stresses primordial Qi, advocating the acquired constitution (spleen) nourishes the congenital one (kidney); stresses the spleen and stomach, advocating to invigorate the middle with the drugs of sweet and warm nature; stresses descending and ascending, advocating ShaoYang governs sprout and growth; stresses wind medicine, advocating wind medicine ascending Yang.%从文献角度梳理了"风药"使用的历史,重点阐述了金元四大家之一的李东垣重视风药应用的学术思想:重元气,倡后天养先天;重脾胃,倡甘温补中;重升降,倡少阳生发;重风药,倡风药升阳.

  19. 圖書館事業與交流/Strategies for Developing an Institutional Repository: A Case Study of ScholarWorks@ UMass Amherst/Yuan Li, Marilyn Billings

    Yuan Li Yuan Li


    Full Text Available ScholarWorks@UMass Amherst is an institutional repository that collects, manages, and disseminates intellectual output of UMass Amherst faculty, researchers, and students. In less than five years, it has become one of the top five Digital Commons repositories with more than 23,000 items and over half-a-million full-text downloads. ScholarWorks content recruitment strategies are examined as a case study for the development of an institutional repository. The authors aim to provide best practices for developing a digital repository in academic settings and inspire colleagues to explore and adapt new strategies. ScholarWorks@UMass Amherst 是麻省大學安城校區的機構典藏,主要用於收集、管理和發布本校教師、研究人員和學生的學術成果。自建立至今不到五年的時間,以23,000 件的學術成果收藏量和超過五十萬份的文件下載數,躋身為Digital Commons 排名前五的機構典藏。本文以ScholarWorks 的發展策略為實例來探究機構典藏的發展,旨在提供一實施範例作為同行參考,並期望能以此啟發業內同行開發與新策略採用。 頁次:81-98

  20. The Role of Dislocation from the Inevitability of the Tragedy to See Qu Yuan%从角色错位看屈原悲剧的必然性

    胡敬君; 何龙萍



  1. Discussion on Law of Application of Drugs in Treatment of Vascular Depression by Cultivating Yuan and Disspating Depression%培元开郁法治疗血管性抑郁症用药规律探讨

    黄世敬; 王永炎


    Integrated with pathogenic characteristics and Chinese medicine clinic of vascular depression ( VD) , the article are to collect literatures and explore theories on laws of medicine application about curing VD by ' Benefiting archaeus and Dissipating depression'. The article retieved related literatures about VD by databases such as China national knowledge infrastructure (CNKI) and Chinese medical journal database (CMJD) , analysed and summarized pathogenesis, therapies and laws of medicine application. The article proposed that the basic pathogenesis of VD was archaeus deficit and Qi-blood stasis. The basic therapy was ' Benefiting archaeus and Dissipating depression'. Emphasis of 'Benefiting archaeus' was benifiting Yin , Yang, Qi and blood while ' Dissipating depression ' stressed shun gas firstly, resolving phlegm to avoid developing, blood-activating and stasis-dissolving as a therapy, collateral-unblocking and toxin-relieving for injury treatment; regulating Qi and blood together, combination of dredging and tonifying and compound of solidness and softness were kept in mind. Hence, proper application of ' Benefiting archaeus' and ' Dissipating depression' reflects superiority of the concept of organic wholeness and treatment based on syndrome differentiation and is beneficial to solve clinical problems such as low sensitiveness, poor tolerance and vulnerableness to poisonous side effectes of anti-depression drugs on VD.%结合血管性抑郁症发病特点和中医临床,对培元开郁法治疗血管性抑郁证用药规律进行文献整理和理论探讨.通过中国知网和维普中文生物医学期刊等数据库,检索血管性抑郁症相关文献,对病机、治法及用药规律进行分析和总结.提出其主要病机为元气亏虚、气血郁滞.基本治法为培元开郁,培元重在培补阴阳气血,开郁强调顺气为先、化痰杜渐、活血化瘀为治、通络解毒疗损;用药不忘气血并治、通补兼施、刚柔相济.因此正确运用培元与开郁,体现整体观和辨证论治优势,有益于解决目前抗抑郁西药对本病敏感性低、耐受性差且易发生毒副作用等临床难题.

  2. Language Contact in Chinese History: A Study of the Language in Medieval Chinese Buddhist Texts and Yuan baihua%中古譯經、元白語語法研究舆語言接觸

    曹廣順; 遇笑容



  3. 昔里钤部及沙陀后裔的神话:宗谱的忧虑与元代家族史%Xili Gambu and the Myth of Shatuo Descent:Genealogical Anxiety and Family Historyin Yuan China




  4. True Feelings Revealed in My Words: In an Attempt to Re-answer Mr. Man Yuan%此中有真意欲辩已忘言——再答茅原先生



    @@ 时隔二十载,茅原先生在近作中,对于当年那场被窒息了的争鸣明确写道:"争论的焦点就在于:王宁一认为音乐的内容和形式--事实上不曾分离过,也不可能分离."

  5. 桐马禾云——宋、元、明农具秧马考%Platane Wood-horses and Seedlings——To verify the farming tool seedling-horse used in Song,Yuan,Ming Dynasties

    王颋; 王为华



  6. 一种缺失了的归属感——论《毛猿》中的异化人生%Substance of Change: A Homeless Feeling——About The Drama Mao Yuan's Changing Life




  7. A brief Analysis of War Proclamations of Crusade Yuan Shikai in the Early of The Chinese Republic%浅谈民国初期的讨袁檄文




  8. 《袁氏世范》关于家庭的内容及其俗训特征%On the Family Contents and the Features of Worldly Sermon in Yuan's Exemplary Role




  9. Cambrian Sequence Stratigraphy and Sea Level Cycles of North China Platform


    The Cambrian of the North China platform consists chiefly of shallow water deposits and shows the sedimentary characters of an epicontinental sea basin. Controlled mainly by global sea level changes and sedimentary influx, the depositional sequences all exhibit as composite sequences. From bottom upward, 14 sequences (3rd order) are recognized, which may be grouped into 5 sequence sets and further into 2 mesosequences (2nd order). It is suggested herein that the Cambrian/Ordovician boundary may better be set at the MFS (maximum flooding surface) of the sequence OSq1, above which the conodont Cordylodus lindstroemi occurs. This position is about 40 m above the traditional Cambrian/Ordovician boundary and is within the Yeli Formation.

  10. China’s Top 10 Economic Issues in 2008


    1. Four-trillion-yuan Stimulus Package Created China put in place a massive fiscal stimulus plan in 2008 worth approximately 4 trillion yuan ($586 billion) to boost domestic demand and spur the slowing economy.

  11. Gains and Pains From RMB Appreciation


    The appreciation of China’s RMB means one dollar can be exchanged for fewer yuan.Therefore, as for domestic exporters, the one dollar export will take in less yuan. As a result, the profitability of exporters will

  12. Money Grows In Tents


    Yuan Xinyao is a pretty 20-something and an outdoor sports enthusiast. Three years ago, Yuan took to such sports as rock climbing, skating, boating, trekking and paragliding. "Outdoor sports offer opportunities for travel and for fresh, exciting adventures," said Yuan. Later, when she discovered that many others shared her interest,Yuan set up an outdoors club and opened an outdoors equipment shop. "I meant to promote a healthy lifestyle by bringing people close to nature and helping

  13. CNOOC Limited 2003 Interim Profits Hit Record High


    @@ CNOOC Limited announced on September 4 that for the six months ended June 30, 2003, the unaudited net profit surged to 6.3 billion yuan (US$765 million), a 75.0% year-over-year increase from 3.6 billion yuan (US$437 million), the highest in the company's history, and the total revenues increased 68.3% to 17.9billion yuan (USS 2.16 billion) from 10.6 billion yuan (USS 1.29 billion).



    Holiday Inn Downtown Beijing Guanyuan Chinese Restaurant Big Surprises: Australian baby lobster is 88 yuan each for groups of six or fewer and 44 yuan each for parties of seven or more. Steamed blessing fish is 48 yuan each for groups of six or fewer and 24 yuan each for groups of seven or more. The preferential price for lobsters and blessing fish cannot be simultaneously

  15. PetroChina and Sinopec Raises Oil Ex-refinery Prices


    @@ Sinopec and PetroChina have raised ex-refinery prices for gasoline and diesel to boost sagging margins as it faces soaring crude prices. The Chinese refiners increased 90-octane gasoline price by 100 yuan (US$12) a ton to about 3,580 yuan (US$432) a ton, and that of diesel by 40 yuan (US$4.80) a ton to 3,602 yuan (US$435),effective September 17.

  16. JPRS Report China.


    German Federal Repub- lic, Libya, Singapore and Australia . And, the investment sphere had also expanded from its original guesthouses, service...are still reasonable. In Guangzhou, the price of 1 kilogram of lean pork is about the same as two kilograms of grass carp . In summary, a certain...busy season jumped from a maximum of .42 yuan per 500 grams to between .90 yuan and 1 yuan. In Guangzhou, the staple- grass carp went from 4 yuan

  17. Farmers and Herders Benefit From Bank Loans


    From 2000 to the end of 2004, the Tibet Branch of Agricultural Bank provided farmers and herders with loans that helped raise their average net income from 1,342 Yuan to 1,863 Yuan during the period.The net increase in income totaled nearly 1.1 billion Yuan.

  18. African Journal of Biotechnology - Vol 9, No 21 (2010)

    Generation and characterization of a monoclonal antibody to penicillic acid from ... H Lei, Z He, H Yuan, J Wu, L Wen, R Li, M Zhang, L Yuan, Z Yuan, 3026-3031 ... Evaluation of consumers' choice of wooden dining furniture in Southwestern ...

  19. FGFR1タンパク発現の低いFGFR1遺伝子増幅肺癌では他の活性型チロシンキナーゼ受容体がFGFR阻害剤の効果を軽減する

    小谷, 浩


    博士論文要旨Abstract 以下に掲載:Oncogene Epub ahead of print Nature Publishing Group. 共著者:Hiroshi Kotani, Hiromichi Ebi, Hidenori Kitai, Shigeki Nanjo, Kenji Kita, Tiffany G. Huynh, Akishi Ooi, Anthony C. Faber, Mari Mino-Kenudson, Seiji Yano

  20. "Ars Electronica 2009" / Raivo Kelomees

    Kelomees, Raivo, 1960-


    30. "Ars Electronica" festival "Human Nature" ("Inimese loomus") Linzis. Osaka ülikooli professori Hiroshi Ishiguro mehaanilis-digitaalsest nukust. Hübriidkunsti kategoorias peapreemia saanud Eduardo Kaci inimtaimest. Konverentsidest. Näitusest "See this Sound", mis oli pühendatud helile kujutavas kunstis

  1. Hotel Nikko Tianjin General Manager Interview


    Before the grand opening of Hotel Nikko Tianjin on April 11,Beijing Review conducted an interview with Mr.Hiroshi O’ishi,General Manager of the new hotel,in order to share the operational and management expertise of Nikko Hotels International with our readers.

  2. An empirical method to estimate bulk particulate refractive index for ocean satellite applications

    Suresh, T.; Desa, E.; Mascarenhas, A.A.M.Q.; Matondkar, S.G.P.; Naik, P.; Nayak, S.R.

    of the Marine Environment, edited by Robert J. Frouin, Vijay K. Agarwal, Hiroshi Kawamura, Shailesh Nayak, Delu Pan, Proc. of SPIE Vol. 6406, 64060B, (2006) 0277-786X/06/$15 ? doi: 10.1117/12.694212 Proc. of SPIE Vol. 6406 64060B-1 Proc. of SPIE Vol. 6406...

  3. Secchi depth analysis using bio-optical parameters measured in the Arabian Sea

    Suresh, T.; Naik, P.; Bandishte, M.; Desa, E.; Mascarenhas, A.A.M.Q.; Matondkar, S.G.P.

    of the Marine Environment, edited by Robert J. Frouin, Vijay K. Agarwal, Hiroshi Kawamura, Shailesh Nayak, Delu Pan, Proc. of SPIE Vol. 6406, 64061Q, (2006) 0277-786X/06/$15 ? doi: 10.1117/12.696251 Proc. of SPIE Vol. 6406 64061Q-1 a ) Summer 20 z C). C)-J 16...

  4. Efficacy of an aspiration device with distal protection for the treatment in acute myocardial infarction

    Naoto Inoue


    @@ Hiroshi Fujita Kenji Suzuki Akiko Matsuo Reo Nakamura Tetsuya Tanaka Keiji Inoue Hisayuki Hyogo Takaomi Tokura Objective Percutaneous coronary interventions in the setting of acute myocardial infarction(AMI)have been associated with increased risk of distal embolization and no-reflow phenomenon. To evaluate the efficacy and feasibility of a distal protection using the PercuSurge Guardwire Plus( PSG) in AMI.

  5. "Ars Electronica 2009" / Raivo Kelomees

    Kelomees, Raivo, 1960-


    30. "Ars Electronica" festival "Human Nature" ("Inimese loomus") Linzis. Osaka ülikooli professori Hiroshi Ishiguro mehaanilis-digitaalsest nukust. Hübriidkunsti kategoorias peapreemia saanud Eduardo Kaci inimtaimest. Konverentsidest. Näitusest "See this Sound", mis oli pühendatud helile kujutavas kunstis

  6. Models of alcoholic liver disease in rodents: a critical evaluation

    de la M. Hall, P.; Lieber, C.S.; De Carli, L.M.;


    This article represents the proceedings of a workshop at the 2000 ISBRA Meeting in Yokohama, Japan. The chairs were J. Christian Bode and Hiroshi Fukui. The presentations were (1) Essentials and the course of the pathological spectrum of alcoholic liver disease in humans, by P. de la M. Hall; (2)...

  7. Keemia- ja füüsikapreemiate märksõna on valgus / Arko Olesk

    Olesk, Arko, 1981-


    Nobeli keemiapreemia pälvisid sakslane Stefan Hell ning ameeriklased Eric Betzig ja William Moerner, kes leidsid viisi, kuidas uurida valgusmikroskoobiga eluslooduse pisimaid komponente. Füüsikapreemia pälvisid Jaapani teadlased Isamu Akasaki, Hiroshi Amano ja Shuji Nakamura sinise valgusdioodi leiutamise eest

  8. New Data about the indigenous languages of the North / Ago Künnap

    Künnap, Ago, 1941-


    Arvustus: Northern minority languages : problems of survival : papers presented at the 18th Taniguchi International Symposium, [held in Osaka, 7-14 November 1994] / edited by Hiroshi Shoji and Juha Janhunen. Osaka : National Museum of Ethnology, Division of Ethnology, 1997. (Senri ethnological studies ; 44). Sisaldab tabelit põhjarahvaste arvu ja keelte kõnelejate arvu kohta

  9. Keemia- ja füüsikapreemiate märksõna on valgus / Arko Olesk

    Olesk, Arko, 1981-


    Nobeli keemiapreemia pälvisid sakslane Stefan Hell ning ameeriklased Eric Betzig ja William Moerner, kes leidsid viisi, kuidas uurida valgusmikroskoobiga eluslooduse pisimaid komponente. Füüsikapreemia pälvisid Jaapani teadlased Isamu Akasaki, Hiroshi Amano ja Shuji Nakamura sinise valgusdioodi leiutamise eest

  10. On JALT 95: Curriculum and Evaluation. Proceedings of the JALT International Conference on Language Teaching/Learning (22nd, Nagoya, Japan, November 1995). Section Two: Curriculum Design.

    Harrison, Ian; And Others

    Texts of conference papers and summaries of colloquia on second language curriculum design are presented, including: "Competency Assessment in Curriculum Renewal" (summary of session with Ian Harrison, Francis Johnson, Christopher Candlin, Anthony Green, David Nunan, Charles Smith); "The Evolving of a Curriculum" (Hiroshi Abe,…

  11. "Material interactions": from atoms & bits to entangled practices

    Vallgårda, Anna

    and intellectually stimulating panel moderated by Prof. Mikael Wiberg consisting of a number of scholars with a well-developed view on digital materialities to fuel a discussion on material interactions - from atoms & bits to entangled practices. These scholars include: Prof. Hiroshi Ishii, Prof. Paul Dourish...

  12. New Data about the indigenous languages of the North / Ago Künnap

    Künnap, Ago, 1941-


    Arvustus: Northern minority languages : problems of survival : papers presented at the 18th Taniguchi International Symposium, [held in Osaka, 7-14 November 1994] / edited by Hiroshi Shoji and Juha Janhunen. Osaka : National Museum of Ethnology, Division of Ethnology, 1997. (Senri ethnological studies ; 44). Sisaldab tabelit põhjarahvaste arvu ja keelte kõnelejate arvu kohta

  13. Clinical Observation on Zhuang Medicine GuBen PeiYuanLotion in the Treatment for 150 Cases of Oligoasthenozoospermia%壮药固本培元外洗剂治疗少弱精子症150例临床观察

    胡恩宜; 荀建宁; 朱闽; 徐楠; 覃兆伟; 梁永协; 周凯


    目的:观察壮药固本培元外洗剂联合左卡尼汀口服液、葡萄糖酸锌片口服治疗少弱精子症(肾阳亏虚证)的临床疗效。方法:将300例少弱精子不育症(肾阳亏虚证)患者按就诊顺序随机分为观察组和对照组各150例,观察组予壮药固本培元外洗剂坐!同时口服左卡尼汀丁口服液及葡萄糖酸锌片治疗;对照组单纯口服左卡尼汀口服液及葡萄糖酸锌片治疗;3个月为1个疗程,疗程结束后进行疗效判定,比较2组总有效率、精子密度、活率、活力。结果:总有效率观察组为81.33%,对照组为64.67%,2组比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);治疗后精子密度、活率、活力改善方面,观察组优于对照组(P<0.01)。结论:壮药固本培元外洗剂联合左卡尼汀口服液、葡萄糖酸锌片口服治疗男子少弱精子不育症(肾阳亏虚型)有较好疗效。%Objective: To explore therapeutic effects ofZhuangMedicineGuBenPeiYuanlotion and levocarnitine oral liquid, zinc gluconate tablets through mouth in treating oligoasthenozoospermia (kidney-Yang deficiency pattern). Methods: All 300 patients were randomly allocated to the observation group and the control group according to the order of the visiting, 150 cases each group,the observation group receivedZhuangMedicine GuBenPeiYuanlotion and levocarnitine oral liquid, zinc gluconate tablets through mouth; the control group were given with levocarnitine oral liquid, zinc gluconate tablets through mouth; three months were one course of the treatment, clinical effects were assessed when the course of the treatment was finished, total effective rate, the density, motility rate and the vitality of the sperms in both groups were compared. Results: Total effective rate of the observation group was 81.33%, higher than 64.67% of the control group, the difference showed statistical meaning (P<0.05); the observation group was superior to the control group in thedensity, motility rate and the vitality of the sperms after treating (P<0.01). Conclusion:ZhuangmedicineGuBenPeiYuanlotion levocarnitine oral liquid, zinc gluconate tablets through mouth are effective in treating oligoasthenozoospermia.

  14. 城市公园使用状况评价(POE)应用案例研究--以北京玉渊潭公园为例%A Study on the Application of Post Occupancy Evaluation in the Urban Parks--A Case Study of Beijing Yu Yuan Tan Park

    石金莲; 王兵; 李俊清


    本文运用POE(post occupancy evaluation)基本研究方法,对北京玉渊潭公园做了调查研究.通过观察公园使用者的各类活动,采访公园的使用者以及发放抽样调查问卷等形式,了解北京玉渊潭公园的使用状况,并对调查所获直接、真实的信息和数据做分析、整理,得到POE评价分析报告.该报告可为玉渊潭公园改善服务设施、提高管理水平提供依据,也可为其它类似公园的设计管理提供借鉴.

  15. A Song of Farewell always Spreads: Appreciation of Wang Wei's “See Yuan-er off to be Prefect in Anxi”%一曲离歌传古今——王维《送元二使安西》赏析




  16. A Significant Creation About the Studies of Socialist Distribution Theory--Book Review: A Comparative Study of Socialist Distribution Theory by PENG Bi-yuan%社会主义分配理论研究的新创获--评彭必源新著《社会主义分配理论比较研究》



    @@ 分配关系是社会主义经济关系的重要组成部分,它直接涉及到各个经济主体的切身利益,直接影响着社会主义经济发展进程,因此收人分配一直是众多思想家、经济学家研究和思考的核心问题.

  17. Knowledge on Stainless Steel in the First Chinese Analytical Chemistry Text Book Hua Xue Fen Yuan%中国第一本分析化学译著《化学分原》中的“不锈钢”知识

    汪常明; 吴又进



  18. 乳业项目规划需要精雕细刻——访基伊埃技术设备(上海)有限公司乳品事业部总经理袁京红%Visiting of General Manager of GEA Dairy Dep. Yuan Jinghong

    曲东杰; 顾乡



  19. Innovate Independently,Drive to Future By Science&Technology --Signing Ceremony of Joint Venture between Hangzhou Aerospace Wan Yuan REPM Motor&Shanghai STEP Electric%自主创新,科技驱动未来--杭州航天万源稀土电机与上海新时达举行合资签约仪式



    @@ 7月8日,杭州航天万源稀土电机应用技术有限公司与上海新时达电气有限公司合资签约仪式暨航天万源交流永磁同步电梯曳引机技术交流会,在上海世博会议大酒店隆重举行.

  20. Heaven Owes Me and I Owe the Heaven-The State of Mind and Work of QIAO Ji,Poet of Yuan Dynasty%苍天负我 我负苍天--论元曲家乔吉的心态与创作




  1. An Analysis of Chinese Lute Music Chao Yuan Ge——A Demonstration of the Cultural Development of the Melodious and Elegant Lute Music%琵琶曲《朝元歌》分析——兼论琵琶艺术的和雅化发展之路




  2. On the Mongolian Pidgin Chinese of Yuan Dynasty with special reference to its tense and aspect category%元代的蒙式汉语及其时体范畴的表达——以直译体文献的研究为中心



    元代大量的直译体文献是以蒙古人所说的蒙式汉语为口语基础的.本文探讨了蒙式汉语产生的社会历史背景、反映蒙式汉语的语料及蒙式汉语的性质等问题, 认为蒙式汉语本质上是一种以北方汉语为上层语言、以蒙古语为底层的皮钦语.文章还以直译体文献为主要调查对象, 系统描写了蒙式汉语的时体表达系统, 着重揭示其在时体范畴的表达上, 因底层影响而出现的若干有别于标准汉语的蒙古语特征.在此基础上, 文章对语言接触理论中有关皮钦语和克里奥尔语时体系统普遍特征的论述加以检讨, 解释了蒙式汉语具有不同于一般皮钦语和克里奥尔语特征的后置时体标记的原因.

  3. 鼻渊丸对慢性鼻-鼻窦炎术后鼻黏膜恢复的影响%The Influence ofBiYuanPills on Nasal Mucous Membrane Recovery of the Patients after the Operation of Chronic Rhinosinusitis



    目的:观察鼻渊丸对慢性鼻-鼻窦炎患者术后鼻腔黏膜功能恢复的影响。方法:将慢性鼻-鼻窦炎术后患者55例随机分为治疗组27例,对照组28例,2组患者均行鼻内窥镜下鼻窦功能性手术,术后鼻腔局部用药及内窥镜下鼻腔常规换药处理。对照组同时口服抗生素治疗,治疗组在对照组治疗的基础上口服鼻渊丸。观察患者鼻腔黏膜肿胀消除以及鼻腔黏膜纤毛功能恢复情况。结果:总有效率治疗组为92.59%,对照组为82.14%;2组患者术后1周黏膜纤毛传输速率相比较,差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05);黏膜功能恢复情况治疗组优于对照组。结论:鼻渊丸可能通过加速鼻黏膜修复明显改善鼻-鼻窦炎术后患者症状。%Objective: To observe the influence ofBiYuanpills on functional recovery of nasal mucous mem-brane of the patients after the operation of chronic rhinosinusitis(CRS). Methods: All 55 patients were randomized into 27 cases of the treatment group and 28 cases of the control group, both groups accepted functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS), they accepted drug use in nasal cavity and routine dressing changing of nasal cavity under the endoscope. The control group took antibiotics and the treatment groupBiYuanpills on the basis of routine treatment. The swelling elimination of nasal mucous membrane and functional recovery of nasal mucosa cilia of the patients were observed. Results: Total effective rate of the treatment group was 92.59%, higher than 82.14% of the control group; the difference had statistical meaning in the comparison of mucosal cilia transmission rate in one weeks be-tween both groups (P<0.05); the treatment group was superior to the control group in the functional recovery of mu-cous membrane. Conclusion:BiYuanpills could improve the symptoms of the patients after the operation of CRS obviously by accelerating the recovery of nasal mucous membrane.

  4. 从卡夫卡到辛格:中国先锋派的转向--以马原、苏童、余华为中心%From Franz Kafka to Isaac Bashevis Singer: Chinese Avant-garde Writers' Turnaround--Focusing on Ma Yuan, Su Tong and Yu Hua

    王毅; 傅晓微



  5. Post‐Secondary Students Prefer IM to E‐mail for Personal and Social Communication. A review of: Lancaster, Sean, David C. Yen, Albert H. Huang, and Shin‐Yuan Hung. “The Selection of Instant Messaging or E‐mail: College Students’ Perspective for Computer Communication.” Information Management & Computer Security 15.1 (2007: 5‐22.

    Virginia Wilson


    Full Text Available Objective – This study investigates college students’ perceptions of instant messaging (IM and e‐mail for conveying emotions, aiding in relationship building, ease of use, and reliability.Design – A survey consisting of 59 questions was administered to 1,000 college students, resulting in 545 usable responses.Setting – The research took place at a midwestern university in the United States.Subjects – 1,000 Management Information Systems (MIS college students.Methods – A 59‐question survey was distributed to 1,000 MIS students during the 2005 academic year. 545 usable responses were returned. Participation was voluntary. During the pre‐phase of the research, four categories were determined: emotion, relationship, usage, and reliability. Questions were then written for a pilot study using Likert scaling. The post‐research phase involved evaluating the questions linguistically to ensure proper word usage, comprehension, and lack of bias. Main Results – The questions in the section on conveying emotion dealt with how well the two technologies (e‐mail and IM communicated feelings and emotions. While both technologies were acknowledged as being able to communicate more than merely text, IM was clearly preferred for expressing emotion. Fifty‐two percent of the respondents strongly agreed or agreed that they used emoticons (originally symbols created with letters and special characters; later evolving into graphical images produced and made available by IM companies to express emotion in IM, while fewer than 11% agreed or strongly agreed that they did so in e‐mail. More than 70% of the respondents strongly agreed or agreed that their friends used emoticons in IM,while fewer than 14% strongly agreed or agreed that their friends used emoticons in e‐mails. More than 75% of respondents agreed that it is easier to convey emotions in IM than via e‐mail. Analysis on the questions that dealt with the technologies as useful relationship builders again showed a preference for IM. IM was preferred by a greater number of respondents for fostering friendships, improving relationships with friends or team members, building relationships, social interaction, and social networking. This section also found that more than 75% of the respondents felt that IM was more useful than e‐mail when interacting with friends. However, when asked about interacting with co‐workers specifically, only 44% were in agreement. Nearly 32% were neutral on this point, while 24% were in disagreement. It appears that IM is preferred over e‐mail for fostering social and friendly relationships, but is not preferred when the interaction is work‐related and more professional. In terms of use, both technologies were considered easy to learn and use by more than 90% of respondents. In terms of preferred use, more than 60% of respondents use IM for personal and social interaction, while less than 1% uses IM for work‐related activities. Nearly 80% of respondents preferred using e‐mail for work, and nearly 75% preferred using IM for social interaction. Sixty‐three percent of respondents did not agree that IM is just as effective as face‐to‐face meetings, while nearly 75% did not agree that e‐mail can be as effective as meeting face‐to‐face. In the areas of reliability, security, and privacy of IM and e‐mail, respondents perceived e‐mail more favourably. Sixty-four percent of respondents agreed or strongly agreed that IM is very reliable, while 80% of respondents felt the same way about e‐mail. Just over 30% of those questioned agreed that IM is very secure, while more than 50% felt that way about email. However, the gap is narrower when users were queried as to whether or not they worry about security: 13% strongly agreedwith the statement that users do not worry about their security when using IM, while 15% strongly agreed with the statement as it pertained to e‐mail. The same types of questions were asked about perceived privacy. Nearly 50% agreed that their privacy is protected with e‐mail, while just under 35% had the same belief about IM. More than 60% of respondents reported that they do not worry about privacy when emailing, while about 53% of respondents do not worry about privacy with IM. Conclusion – IM was perceived more favourably than e‐mail in 3 of the 4 categories: conveying emotions, building relationships, and ease of use. In the reliability category, e‐mail was perceived more favourably. However, there is a division between social interaction and professional communication. IM is preferred for personal and social relationships, while e‐mail is preferred for work‐related communication. Neither of the technologies is as desirable as face‐to‐face meetings.

  6. 實徵研究/獨立紀錄片工作者之隱性知識研究─以製片流程為例/張哲偉;阮明淑 │ The Study of Tacit Knowledge in Independent Documentary Film Production / Cher-Wei Chang ; Ming-Shu Yuan

    張哲偉、阮明淑 Cher-Wei Chang ; Ming-Shu Yuan


    Full Text Available 鑑於國內紀錄片領域發展成果豐碩,卻欠缺有關隱性知識的研究,由於隱性知識具有難以言傳、複雜層次等特質,紀錄片工作者除了技術知識、創意的展現, 應該還有較為隱性的部份,故本研究目的在探討獨立紀錄片製作流程之隱性知識種類與特性及其隱性知識獲取的方式。本研究透過文獻分析歸納「素材」、「觀 點」、「拍攝」、「剪輯」、「其他」的範疇,以半結構深度訪談訪問六位專業的獨立紀錄片工作者。編碼依照IF(情境)、THEN(解決方式)及 BECAUSE(理由)的方式,將受訪者的論述予以結構化,從中歸納其隱性知識種類與特性,結果可作為有意進入獨立紀錄片領域者、知識社會、知識管理等相 關研究之應用參考。本研究結論如下:(1獨立紀錄片工作者的製作流程從前製─拍攝─後製至發行四個階段,步驟間不斷反覆進行;(2獨立紀錄片工作者透 過顯性知識的吸收、內化、展現於製作流程上,最終完成紀錄片,紀錄片得以呈現出個人獨特的隱性知識;(3文獻歸納素材、觀點、拍攝、剪輯和其他的範疇, 應用IF─THEN─BECAUSE的編碼方式,有益於將個人的敘述加以結構化,本研究最後歸納出獨立紀錄片製作流程的17種隱性知識類型;(4透過隱 性知識的類型,得以全面性的掌握製作流程中可能發生的情境,有助於個人發展不同類型的隱性知識;(5研究歸納隱性知識的獲取方式,包含互動學習、做中 學、大量接觸影像書籍資源以及專業知識背景,隱性知識的獲取方式皆為形塑個人創作形式與風格的重要因素。研究結果可供對紀錄片有興趣者可以有效掌握並迅速 進入紀錄片的領域;在知識的萃取研究所建構之知識種類與特性,可供知識社會及知識管理相關領域參考;研究實證IF─THEN─BECAUSE的隱性知識編 碼方式,發現其結構性的呈現有助於隱性知識的辨識。Taiwan’s production of documentary is well-developed. But, the related research is not as sufficient. The insufficient research of the tacit knowledge in documentary film-producing due to the reason that tacit knowledge in the field is complicated, and besides the un-categorized layers and difficult to communicate orally as well. In addition to related techniques, knowledge and creativeness, it is believed that there are unrevealed the tacit knowledge behind. This study aims to probe the types and characteristics of the tacit knowledge in independent documentary film-producing, so as the methods of acquiring the tacit knowledge of the profession. Via literature analysis, five major categories: “material”, “viewpoint”, "production”, “post-production”, and “miscellaneous” were utilized to develop a semi-structured in-depth interview with six selected professional and semi-professional independent documentary film-producers. Researchers conduct the coding style of “IF-THEN-BECAUSE” model to structure types and characteristics of the tacit knowledge of the interview contents accordingly. Findings of the study are: 1The four major steps in the routine cycle of documentary film-producing process; 2Through explicating, internalizing, and presenting of the knowledge film-producing, film-producers enable to reveal his personal tacit knowledge; 3By utilizing five categories from the literature analysis and the application of the coding “IF-THEN-BECAUSE” style, 17 tacit knowledge types were summarized; 4With the summarized outcome of 17 tacit knowledge types, concerned parties will be able to deal with different situation in film-producing and develop individual tacit knowledge accordingly; 5The acquisition methods of the tacit knowledge including learning by interacting with related parties, learning by practicing, learning by contacting with films, books, and the professional knowledge. Methods of acquiring the tacit knowledge are a vital factor to cultivate an individual’s forms of creativeness and style. The result of this study will be helpful to people who are interested in documentary film-producing by understanding the field and taking control of the commencing process. This study built the knowledge types and characteristics of documentary film-producing, could used as a reference to the profession. The coding style of “IF-THEN-BECAUSE” is an effective method to verify the identity of the tacit knowledge. The outcome is valuable for audiences who are interested in the independent documentary and can use it as a helpful reference for further researches in the knowledge sociology and management.頁次:42-62

  7. 基于语料库的词语搭配研究--以日语“原因”和“理由”为例%The Collocation Study Based on Corpus-Taking Japanese Words “Yuan Yin” and“Li You” as Examples

    刘玉琴; 赵圣花; 江波


    In Japanese language study ,the usage of words in specific context is undervalued while linguistics have been focusing on analyzing the“meaning”and“grammatical usage”of words for ages .Moreover ,the objectivity of the findings in those studies is in question because of the qualitative methodology and ques-tionnaires they choose .From the perspective of collocations ,this paper ,taking the Japanese words“yua-nyin” and“liyou”as examples ,studies the ways of comparing “yuanyin”and“liyou”and explores the traits of their nouns collocations ,verbal collocations and other collocations based on Language Balance Corpus in Modern Japanese corpus .Finally ,it proposes an embryonic form of comparative study of nouns based on the collocations in corpus .%词语的比较研究长期以来主要集中于词语本身的“意义”“语法”的分析说明方面,词语在具体语境中使用状况的考察尚未引起重视。并且由于大多研究使用的是问卷调查,其调查结果的客观性尚有探讨余地。本研究从词语搭配视角,以日语中的汉字词语---“原因”和“理由”为例,基于『現代書き言葉均衡コーパス』[1]语料库,分析了它们分别与“名詞”、“动词”以及其他语词的搭配特征,考察“原因”“理由”的比较方法,并基于分析结果,提案基于语料库的词语搭配视域下比较研究名词的雏形,以期继续利用语料库,探讨名词以外的制约词汇语义及使用的比较研究。

  8. Organochlorine Residues in Eggs of Night Heron Breeding in Yuan-touzhu,Wuxi and Their Functions as Bioindicator%无锡鼋头渚夜鹭卵中有机氯农药残留及其环境指示意义

    龚钟明; 阮禄章; 等



  9. Why Ci Is Not Included in the Literary Anthology Containing Various Literary Genres——With Reference to Wen Yuan Ying Hua%"分体编录"型文学总集不录词体辨——以《文苑英华》为例




  10. An Analysis of Strategies on Fast Food Enterprise Product---Taking Tian Tian Ju Yuan Wei Fast-Food Catering as an Example%快餐企业产品策略分析--以添添聚源味快餐店为例

    吴晓宣; 李淑儿


    By the analysis of the Tiantian juyuan flavor snack's product strategies, this paper seeks effective marketing strategies, increase its earnings besides meeting cusomers' satisfaction, and provides suggestions for product strategies of fast food industry in China.%近年来,我国的快餐业得到了空前的发展,但能真正办成功的企业并不多见。究其原因,除了经营管理的失败外,产品也是一个不可以忽视的因素。看清快餐市场的发展趋势,选择适当的人员管理策略,才有可能在激烈的市场竞争中取得成功。就此,通过添添聚源味快餐店人员管理策略的研究,寻求有效的营销策略,使顾客满意的同时,增加其企业的收益,为我国快餐业的人员管理提出建议。

  11. 民国初年宪法危机--袁世凯与戴高乐宪法主张的对比分析%The Constitution Crisis in the Early Years of the Republic--An Analysis of the Constitutional View Between Yuan Shi-kai and Charles de Gaulle




  12. 顾原竞技能力训练指标的灰色关联分析及模式训练研究%Study on Training Model and Grey Connection Analysis of Training Index of Competitive Ability for GU Yuan

    张正红; 张建华



  13. The Relation between the Main Physical Fitness and the Specific Performance of Chinese Woman Hammer Thrower Gu Yuan%我国女子链球运动员顾原各项素质和专项成绩的关系




  14. 从《钟情丽集》看元明之际表亲型"才子佳人"叙事范型%From Collection of Deep and Wonderful Love to Inspect the "Model Type of Gifted Man and Beautiful Woman" of Relationship Type in Yuan and Ming Dynasties

    雷振华; 吴建国



  15. Quantitative analysis of oyster larval proteome provides new insights into the effects of multiple climate change stressors, supplement to: Dineshram, R; Chandramouli, K; Ko, W K Ginger; Zhang, Huoming; Qian, Pei Yuan; Ravasi, Timothy; Thiyagarajan, Vengatesen (2016): Quantitative analysis of oyster larval proteome provides new insights into the effects of multiple climate change stressors. Global Change Biology, 22(6), 2054-2068

    Dineshram, R


    The metamorphosis of planktonic larvae of the Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) underpins their complex life-history strategy by switching on the molecular machinery required for sessile life and building calcite shells. Metamorphosis becomes a survival bottleneck, which will be pressured by different anthropogenically induced climate change-related variables. Therefore, it is important to understand how metamorphosing larvae interact with emerging climate change stressors. To predict how larvae might be affected in a future ocean, we examined changes in the proteome of metamorphosing larvae under multiple stressors: decreased pH (pH 7.4), increased temperature (30 °C), and reduced salinity (15 psu). Quantitative protein expression profiling using iTRAQ-LC-MS/MS identified more than 1300 proteins. Decreased pH had a negative effect on metamorphosis by down-regulating several proteins involved in energy production, metabolism, and protein synthesis. However, warming switched on these down-regulated pathways at pH 7.4. Under multiple stressors, cell signaling, energy production, growth, and developmental pathways were up-regulated, although metamorphosis was still reduced. Despite the lack of lethal effects, significant physiological responses to both individual and interacting climate change related stressors were observed at proteome level. The metamorphosing larvae of the C. gigas population in the Yellow Sea appear to have adequate phenotypic plasticity at the proteome level to survive in future coastal oceans, but with developmental and physiological costs.

  16. 对人民币内外价值背离问题的探讨——基于日韩新三个经济体的对比分析%Discussion of Currency Value Deviation of Yuan:Based on Comparative Analysis of Japan , Korea and Singapore

    季永宝; 刘雪燕


    Along with the rapid economic development of China in recent years , the RMB rises continually and its foreign purchasing power has strengthened gradually. According to "the law of one price", it shall appear corresponding tightening monetary phenomenon in domestic country, but instead, it shows different, such as inflation, asset prices rising sharply, stock market bubbles and so on. This declares that the RMB's currency value has appeared separation internally and externally. The domestic scholars have already had a wide range of research of the RMB's value separation problems, but this article discusses from a new perspective of international comparison , making the necessary conditions as comparing the exchange rate with CPI and judging the domestic money supply to determine whether one currency has happened monetary value separation , found that Japan and Singapore in east Asia really also have had the similar currency value separation phenomenon in economic development process , and South Korean won has not. The paper gives a comparative analysis between three countries ' currency development and the RMB's, to sum up the formation reason and the solution of currency separation, and relevant inspiration to China's financial openness.%近年来,人民币对外不断升值,对外购买力逐渐增强,但与之相反,国内却呈现另一番景象,如通胀、资产价格暴涨、股市泡沫等.人民币货币价值对外对内出现背离.基于已有研究,本文从国际对比的新角度入手,通过考察一国对外汇率与国内CPI、国内货币供应量等充分非必要条件来判定该国货币是否发生币值背离. 结果表明,日新两国的货币在其发展过程中也出现过币值背离现象,而韩元发展相对正常. 将三国货币的不同发展情况与人民币现状进行对比分析,总结出其形成币值背离的原因、解决方法以及对我国金融开放的相关启示.

  17. 古今中西之間--陳垣與20世紀中國史學%Between the Ancient and the Present and between China and the West:Prof. Chen Yuan and Chinese Historiography in the 20 th Century



    Every historian should answer two questions related to each other, i. e. what is the relationship between history and reality and what is that between historiography and reality. Moreover, Chinese historians should answer other two questions also re-lated to each other, namely what is the relationship between China and the West and what is that between Chinese culture and Western culture. Based on their own outlook on the ancient and the present as well as on China and the West, every conscious Chinese historian of the 20 th century was bound to cherish a definite sense of responsi-bility and determined what role they played and what way they chose when taking on this responsibility. The present paper expounds Prof. Chen Yuan’ s answers to the above questions andhis practice concerned with them in the four stages of his lifetime.

  18. "Nature" and "Artistic Conception": The Early Thoughts on the Research of Chinese Literature Modernization——On Wang Guowei's Song and Yuan Dynasty Opera History%"自然"与"意境":中国文学研究现代化的早期思路——以王国维《宋元戏曲史》为例



    Wang guowei propounded "Nature Theory" and "Artistic Conception Theory", not only broke away from the traditional prejudice of "Writings for Conveying Truth", but also constructed the standard judging of literary and artistic works' value. By the two ways of "break" and "construction" means was a symbolized event that the research of Chinese opera in the modern sense could be developed. Wang guowei overturned the traditional standard that the research of Chinese opera couldn't be done by the truly great man. The research of Chinese modern opera could be "a particular study", Wang guowei was really a pioneer. with monumental contributions.%王国维提出"自然"说和"意境"说,破除了"文以载道"的传统迷思,并建立了文艺作品价值的评判标准,这种"破"与"立"双管齐下的做法是现代意义上的戏曲研究得以展开的标志性事件;王国维以自己的实际行动,颠覆了戏曲研究"壮夫不为"的传统标准,对中国现代戏曲研究得以成为"专门之学",实有筚路蓝缕之功.

  19. 《橘颂》的传承与突破——兼论屈原创作《橘颂》之缘因与胜处%THE HERITAGE AND BREAKTHROUGH OF "ODE TO ORANGE": On Chu Yuan "s Motivation and Achievements



    The poem "Ode to Orange" is a piece of Chu Yuan's poetic work collected in the Nine Chapters, Chu Ci. Its uniqueness in theme, content, and representation has rendered it a model for later poets who used ordinary objects to express feelings and thoughts. The extrinsic factors of Chu Yuan's literary creation included the feelings towards natural ecology, the induction of witchcraft, the enlightenment of fairy tales, and the atmosphere of arts. The intrinsic factors of his literary creation included the appeals against his treatments, the inspirations of literature, the confidence in his talents, and his political ambitions. Some scholars believed that the spirit of Chu Ci was originated from The Book of Odes. Its title, form, theme and style were influenced by the poems "The Weeds in the Field" and "The Owl" in The Book of Odes. The poem "Ode to Orange" indicated a developmental transition from The Book of Odes to Chu Ci. In fact, there were also creativeness and innovations in addition to elements of heritage, which served as major subjects of discussion in this paper. The author believes that "Ode to Orange" is more creative than the tradition owing to Chu Yuan's extraordinary talent, knowledge, the integration of his spirit, concerns of life, suppressing the desire of materials and his national consciousness.%《橘颂》是《楚辞·九章》中之一篇,是后世托物言志诗赋的典范,被誉为“咏物之祖”。屈原创作《橘颂》之缘因,有外缘,还有内因。自然生态之引发,巫风盛行之诱导,神话典故之感悟,艺术氛围之冲激,是屈原创作《橘颂》的外缘;表达愤懑之诉求,博览群籍之启示,展现才德之自信,流露参政之志向,则是屈原创作《橘颂》的内因。楚辞乃为《诗经》之变,《橘颂》之标题、体制、主旨、写法乃因袭《诗经》之《野有蔓草》、《鸱鹗》等诗作而来。更可贵者,是屈原创作《橘颂》之突破,如主题之新创、体制之改造、比兴之错综、比拟之巧用、语言之精炼、形象之塑造等。而屈原创作《橘颂》之高明处,则在体物得神,不即不离;因小见大,寄托深远;生命投入,物质升华;民族思想,寓意无穷。从《橘颂》可以看出,屈原确为一位奇才,亦确具伟大之创造才华。

  20. 略论孔庆元长篇小说《大山儿女》婚恋情节的文化反思意识%Discussion on the Consciousness of Cultural Reflection of Marriage Plots in KONG Qing-yuan's Novel The Young People in the Mountains



    乌兰察布市作家孔庆元、刘亮的小说《大山儿女》讲述了一个关于中国北方乡村青年男女奋斗、成长的故事。该文试图通过解读小说在客观层面提出的"是什么阻碍了青年男女婚姻爱情的幸福之路"这样一个命题,来反思传统文化在现代文明进程中的困境。作者认为,主人公婚恋不幸福根源于传统文化中的负面因子,其具体表现为:儿女情长让位于家国利益;从一而终的贞节观念;含蓄内敛的文化心理。%The Young People in the Mountains,a novel created by KONG Qin-gyuan and LIU Liang who lived in Wulanchabu City,tells a story about the young people's struggle and growth in a village in northern China.The article reflected the predicament of traditional culture in the modern civilization by interpreting the proposition of "what blocked the young people's road to happiness in their marriage and love".The author thinks that the unhappy marriage of protagonists is rooted in the traditional culture's negative factors,which are manifested as follows: the minor love and marriage facing the national interests;the lifelong and changeless idea of chastity;the implicit cultural psychology.

  1. 学校性教育不容忽视--颜元的性教育探索及其对当前学校性教育的启迪%Sex Education in Schools Should Not Be Neglected--Early Explorations into Sex Education by Early Qing Scholar Yan Yuan and Their Implications for Current Sex Education in Schools




  2. γ谱法测量环境中的210Pb%The Environmental 210 Pb Determination byγ-ray Spectrometry WANG Ke-bin1,XIANG Yuan-yi2,CAO Zhong-gang2,YANG Yang2

    王克斌; 向元益; 曹钟港; 杨阳


    In this work, the γ-ray spectrometry is introduced to measure the activity concentration of 210 Pb in the environmental samples .By measuring the γ-ray of 210 Pb at 46.5 keV, the activity concentration of 210 Pb is determined in aerosol sample collected by cellulose acetate membranes filter and in water sample in Marinelli Beaker .The great advantage of this method is rapid , non-destructive , without preliminary chemical separation and sample preparation , but it is limited by the low emission and high self -absorption probability of this line at such low energy .The key point in the analysis is the efficiency calibration of this line .The experimental results show that the gamma ray spectrometry can be employed to determine the 210 Pb activity in the environmental sample.%介绍了用γ谱仪测量环境中210 Pb的分析方法。用醋酸纤维滤膜采集气溶胶样品,或用马林杯直接封装环境水样,在γ谱仪上测量210 Pb发射的46.5 keV射线,通过解谱分析技术获得210 Pb的放射性活度。该方法具有快速、非破坏性、无需化学分离及样品处理等优点,但存在低γ发射几率及射线能量低导致的高自吸收等不足,分析的关键在于γ谱仪效率刻度。实验结果表明:γ谱法可用于环境样品中210 Pb的放射性活度测量。

  3. 质量与责任并重服务与文化先行——访正昌农牧集团董事长袁珍虎先生%Quality and responsibility: interview with Mr.Yuan Zhenhu

    邸超; 李新


    @@ 一 产品质量:企业的核心竞争力 记者:请袁总简要介绍一下淮安正昌饲料有限公司的有关情况? 袁珍虎:淮安正昌饲料有限公司隶属于徐州正昌饲料有限公司,总投资1.26亿元.主要从事饲料的生产和销售、原料收购等业务.公司拥有配合饲料、预混合饲料、特种饲料三个生产车间;年生产能力可达50万吨,同时采用美国"BRILL"饲料配方技术,生产各种高档畜禽鱼等饲料.

  4. 日常运动对2型糖尿病患者维生素D水平的影响%Effect of daily exercise intervention on levels of vitamin D of patients with type 2 diabetes CHEN Ya-jun;YUAN Hai-jun

    陈亚军; 袁海军


    objective To observe the effect of daily exercise intervention on levels of vitamin D of patients with type 2 diabetes by cross-sectional study and evaluate the possible mechanism. Method This cross-sectional study enrolled 468 patients with type 2 diabetes pa-tients and 120 apparently healthy subjects. The patients were devided into two groups based on amount of exercise per week:regular exercise group and less exercise group. Measured the plasma 25 ( OH )D levels using radioimmunoassay and mensurated the BMI of all the peo-ple. Compared the level of the index among the three groups. Results The patients with type 2 diabetes 25( OH)D levels was lower than the healthy(P<0. 01);The“regular exercise group”25(OH)D levels was higher than the“less exercise group”(P<0. 05);The 25(OH)D was negatively correlated with the BMI in patients with type 2 diabetes( P=0. 00). Conclusion The vitamin D levels of patients with T2 DM is de-creased compared with the healthy,and the daily exercise intervention can improve the vitamin D levels in patients with type 2 diabetes.%目的:通过横断面研究观察日常运动对2型糖尿病( type 2 diabetes,T2 DM)患者VitD水平的影响并探讨其可能的机制。方法:468例T2 DM患者根据其每周运动时间量分为经常运动组和少运动组,运用放免分析法测量其血浆25( OH)D水平,并测定BMI,同时选取120例同期健康体检者为对照,比较三组之间各指标水平。结果:T2 DM患者25( OH)D水平较健康人低( P<0.01);T2DM患者中经常运动组25(OH)D水平较少运动组高(P<0.05);T2DM患者25(OH)D与BMI呈负相关(P=0.00)。结论:T2 DM患者VitD水平较健康人下降,而日常运动干预可改善T2 DM患者VitD水平。

  5. 唐诗、宋词、元曲中的“双音节动结式把字句”%"The Dissyllabic Motion-end Type Sentence with the Word ‘ba’(把)" in Tang Poem, Song Verse and Yuan Melody




  6. Influence on Nasal Sinuses Mucosa Epithelium GR and IκBα Expression for Chronic Rhinosinusitis Model Treated with Bi-Yuan-Shu Oral Liquid%鼻渊舒口服液对慢性鼻-鼻窦炎模型鼻窦黏膜上皮GR及IκBα表达的影响

    李辉; 朱天民


    观察鼻渊舒口服液对慢性鼻原鼻窦炎(CRS)模型鼻窦黏膜上皮糖皮质激素受体(GR)及核因子资B抑制蛋白(I资Bα)表达的影响,从抑炎机制角度,探索鼻渊舒对CRS的治疗机制。方法:选取新西兰大白兔100只,按每组20只,随机分为正常组、假手术组、模型组、鼻渊舒组、克拉霉素组后,建立CRS模型,正常组、假手术组、模型组不干预,鼻渊舒、克拉霉素组分别给予鼻渊舒(1.5 mL·kg-1·d-1)、克拉霉素(25 mg·kg-1·d-1)灌胃14天,治疗结束后取鼻窦黏膜,HE染色观察其病理改变,Western Blotting法检测鼻窦黏膜上皮细胞胞浆糖皮质激素受体(GR)及核因子资B抑制蛋白(I资Bα)蛋白表达。结果:模型组鼻窦黏膜炎细胞明显浸润,呈慢性炎症病变,腺体及杯状细胞明显增生;与正常组比较,GR表达显著降低(P约0.01),I资Bα表达显著增高(P约0.01)。鼻渊舒灌胃治疗后,鼻窦黏膜上皮得到较好修复,炎细胞浸润不明显,腺体和杯状细胞增生亦不明显;与模型组比较,GR表达显著增高(P约0.01),I资Bα表达显著降低(P约0.01)。结论:鼻渊舒在促进抑炎途径的GR表达的同时,通过抑制I资Bα表达,防止I资Bα对NF-资B促炎途径的过度抑制,动态调控了鼻窦黏膜上皮炎症的平衡。%This study was aimed to investigate the influence of Bi-Y uan-Shu (BYS) Oral Liquid on glucocorticoid re-ceptor (GR) and nuclear factor IκBα expression of nasal sinuses mucosa epithelium among chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) models in order to explore its therapeutic mechanism for CRS from the anti-inflammatory reaction aspect. One hundred New Zealand rabbits were selected and randomly divided into the normal group, sham operation group, model group, BYS group, and clarithromycin group, with 20 rabbits in each group. After the CRS model was established, no intervention was given to the normal group, sham operation group, or model group. The intragastric administrations of BYS (1.5 mL·kg-1·d-1) and clarithromycin (25 mg·kg-1·d-1) were given for 14 days, respectively. The nasal sinuses mucosa was taken after the treatment. And HE stain was used to observe its pathological changes. Western Blotting was used in the detection of nasal sinuses mucosal epithelium cytoplasm GR and IκBα expression. The results showed that there were obvious nasal sinuses mucosa inflammatory cell infiltration, chronic inflammation changes, and obvious hyperplasia of glandular organs and goblet cells. Compared with the normal group, the GR expression was obviously reduced (P< 0.01). And the IκBα expression was obviously increased (P< 0.01). After the intragastric administration of BYS, the nasal sinuses mucosal epithelium was repaired with no obvious inflammatory cell infiltration, glandular organs, or goblet cells. Compared with the model group, the GR expression was obviously increased (P< 0.01). The IκBα expression was obviously decreased (P<0.01). It was concluded that BYS can promote GR expression to inhibit inflammation. Meanwhile, it can restrain IκBα expression to prevent the over inhabitation of IκBα on NF-κB. It can dynamically regulate the balance of the nasal sinuses mucosa epithelium inflammation.

  7. 沥青价格持续上涨协会建议SBS防水卷材提价8元%Bitumen price hikes up continuously and a increase of 8 Yuan for SBS modified bitumen membrane is recommended by CNBWMIA


    @@ [本刊讯]日前,中国建材报"建筑防水"专版发表了中国建筑防水材料工业协会常务副秘书长苗燕女士题为"沥青价格一路攀升,改性沥青卷材应提价"的文章.文章指出,基于当前的沥青价格及其走势,中国建筑防水材料工业协会建议"SBS改性沥青卷材每平方米应提价8元".文章认为,SBS改性沥青防水卷材随着沥青价格的上涨而合理提价,将有利于市场的公平竞争,有利于提高产品质量乃至建筑工程质量,有利于打击假冒伪劣产品,维护消费者权益,更有利于提高整个行业的水平.

  8. 藩国与羁縻地方政权:唐高祖东北边疆封授政策研究%The vassal states and the local Jimi governments: A study of the northeast borderland investiture policy of Emperor Li Yuan of the Tang dynasty




  9. "国史儒林"与"浙东学术"——阮元《儒林传稿》叙学成就管窥%Study of Royal History by Confucian Scholars and the Scholarship of Eastern Zhejiang: On the Academic Achievements of Draft History of Collected Biographies of Confucians by Ruan Yuan




  10. Interrogative Pronouns in the Dialogues and Soliloquies in the Selections From Yuan Drama——Comparison With Tales of Xuihu Rebels%《元曲选》宾白疑问代词考察——兼与《水浒全传》比较




  11. 哲学美学与音乐分析的融会——茅原先生音乐美学研究特色管窥%Fusion of Analysis——On Mr. Mao Yuan's research to Music Aesthetic




  12. Inclusion of the Southern Dynasty Amorous Poetry in Wen Yuan Ying Hua:Attitude, Feature and Influence%《文苑英华》对南朝艳诗的收录:态度、特征及影响



    Although amorous poetry, especially the court-style poetry of the Southern Dynasty had always been criticized, the authorized literary collection of Hua included quite a few of such poems, which implied that the authorities of the early Song Dynasty had unpublicly accepted amorous poetry by selection and change of genre. The attitude to amorous poetry was meticulous and they thought it was not fit for teaching in the form of amorous poetry. In the background of the theme that shifted from amorous poetry to Ci, this attitude on the inclusion of amorous poetry in limited its effect of example and exerted no esssential influence on promotion.%南朝艳诗尤其是宫体诗历来多遭批判,而旨在发挥文教功能的官修总集《文苑英华》却收录了不少南朝艳诗,这说明宋初从官方层面接受了艳诗,但《文苑英华》并未旗帜鲜明地肯定艳诗地位,而是通过筛选宫体诗、改变诗歌类型等方式淡化艳诗色彩。这体现出宋初文臣对艳诗的谨慎态度,他们虽接纳艳诗但不主张艳诗以艳诗面目发挥教化功能。在艳诗题材向词体转移的背景下,宋初文臣的这种态度使得《文苑英华》收录艳诗未发挥范本作用,对艳诗的发展起不到实质性推动作用。

  13. 如何做好病毒性营销——对微信红包病毒性营销的分析%How To Do A Good Job Of Vira1 Marketing——An Analysis Of The Viral Marketing Of Wechat Yuan Jingtao, Sheng Induced By The Same Criterion

    袁鲸涛; 盛致同



  14. Language Contact Caused by Second Language Acquisition:A Study from the Translated Chinese Buddhist Texts of the Medieval Period and Yuan baihua%從中古譯經和元白話看第二語言習得導致的語言接觸——以語言接觸導致的語法變化爲例

    曹廣順; 遇笑容



  15. On the Syncretism of Politics and Religion and Reincarnation of Living Buddha of Tibet in Yuan and Ming Dynasties%元明西藏“政教合一”制度与“活佛转世”制度




  16. A Tentative Study of the Image of "Wall" in Zaju Opera of the Yuan Dynasty——Taking "Romance in the Western Chamber" and "Pei Shaojun and Li Qianjin" for Example%元杂剧中“墙”意象探微——以《西厢记》、《墙头马上》为例




  17. 元杂剧婚恋关系中女性形象的复杂性及其成因%The Complexity and Reason for Images of Women in Their Love Affairs in Musical-Poetic Dramas of the Yuan Dynasty




  18. 南源社区居民高血压与肥胖等相关因素调查分析%Investigation and Analysis on Relationships between Obesity-Related Factors and Hypertension in Residents of Nan Yuan Street Community

    庞健; 蔡慧敏


    Objective To survey the health status of residents in Nanyuan Street,and analyze the correlation of the prevalence of hypertension with overweight ,obesity and other factors. Methods The questionnaire survey and body measurement were carried out in 1 216 old residents(35 -75 years old) from 4 communities which were randonly selected from 13 communities in Nanyuan Street, Liwan District, Guangzhou City. The statistical analysis was performed by using SPSS 17.0. Results The respondents included 418 men(34.4% ) and 798 women(65.6% ). The prevalence of hypertension was 35.6%, but is up to 56.9% in peoples over 65 years. The detection rate of overweight and obesity were 40.2% ,rates of abdominal obesity was 81.7%. The hypertension is closely related to the age, family history, overweight and obesity (especially abdominal obesity).Conclusion Age,genetic,overweight and obesity are related to hypertension. Overweight and obesity,especially abdominal obesity is the major risk factors for hypertension. BMI and waist circumference test has important value in predicting the risk of hypertension, diabetes and other obesity-related diseases.%目的 调查南源街社区居民健康状况,分析高血压患病率与超重、肥胖等因素的相互关系.方法 随机抽取广州市荔湾区南源街13个居委中4个居委35~75岁本街道户籍居民为调查对象,对1216例南源街社区居民进行问卷调查及身体测量,用Excel录入,用SPSS 17.0统计软件进行统计分析.结果 男性418人,占34.4%,女性798人,占65.6%.高血压的患病率为35.6%,65岁以上人群高血压患病率高达56.9%,患病率随年龄增加而增加.超重与肥胖的检出率为40.2%,腹型肥胖检出率81.7%,高血压与年龄、家族史、超重与肥胖(尤其是腹型肥胖)密切相关.结论 高血压患病与年龄、遗传及超重与肥胖有关,超重与肥胖,尤其是腹型肥胖是高血压患病的重要危险因素,BMI及腰围检测作为预测高血压、糖尿病等各种肥胖相关疾病风险具有重要价值.

  19. Specialists in the South of the Five Ridges LUO Zhi-yuan Exactly Using Differentiation of Syndrome According to Triple-Jiao to Treat Bubonic Plague%岭南医家罗芝园活用三焦辨证辨治鼠疫

    李永宸; 赖文



  20. 《屈原贾生列传》嫉妒心理探析——《史记》人物嫉妒心理分析系列之一%Detailed Study of the Jealousy in The Biographies of Qu Yuan and Jia Sheng in Historical Records




  1. Landscape Design for Out-of-Poverty Residential Area:A Case Study of BaiYunJiaYuan Community in Kecheng District, Quzhou City%脱贫小区景观设计研究——以衢州市柯城区白云佳苑为例

    汪宏; 彭程雯; 马军山; 金荷仙



  2. Clincal Observation on Chronic Sinusitis and Adenoidal Hypertrophy in Children Treated with Bi-yuan-shu Oral Liquid%鼻渊舒口服液治疗儿童慢性鼻窦炎伴腺样体肥大的临床研究



    Objective: To explore the relation between chronic sinusitis and adenoidal hypertrophy and the effect of adenoidec-tomy with debrider on the development of chronic sinusitis in children. Methods: Eighty cases pediatric chronic sinusitis with adenoidal hypertrophy were performed transoral adenoidectomy with nasal endoscopy, Xomed power system and video monitoring under general anesthesia, meanwhile general therapy was applied for them. Results: All surgeries were successful and all cases were recovered without bleeding and complications. After adenoidectomy the clinical symptom improved obviously. The disease was cured in 72 patients, progressive in 6, and not improved in 2. The response rate was 97.5%. Follow up for 6 ~ 12 months found no recurrence and complications. Conclusion: There are some relation between adenoidal hypertrophy and chronic sinusitis in children. Therefore nasal endos-copy-assisted adenoidectomy with debrider was an minamally invasive and more effective treatment for chronic sinusitis with adenoidal hypertrophy in children. It was an effective method that the treatment of chronic sinusitis with adenoidal hypertrophy in children%目的:探讨中成药制剂鼻渊舒口服液治疗儿童慢性鼻窦炎伴腺样体肥大以及腺样体吸割术对儿童慢性鼻窦炎疗效的影响.方法:对80例慢性鼻窦炎经非手术治疗无效且伴腺样体肥大的儿童,采用XPS动力吸割系统及鼻内镜,在电视显示系统监视下行腺样体吸割术,术后辅以中成药鼻渊舒口服液治疗,观察其疗效.结果:80例患儿手术经过顺利,术后无出血及并发症发生,慢性鼻窦炎及腺样体肥大所引起的相关临床症状改善明显.术后慢性鼻窦炎经药物治疗后治愈72例,好转6例,无效2例,有效率97.5%.随访6-12个月,无复发及远期并发症.结论:儿童慢性鼻窦炎与腺样体肥大之间有一定的相关性,术后应用中成药鼻渊舒口服液具有良好的治疗效果,可作为儿童慢性鼻窦炎伴腺样体肥大的一种治疗方法.

  3. 植被生态服务功能经济价值测评研究——以陕南秦巴山区为例%The value of vegetation ecosystem services:a case of Qinling-Daba Mountains

    任志远; 张艳芳; 李晶


    According to differences in vegetation types and their coverage, combining the latestresearch, using theory and method on the value of vegetation ecosystem services, this paper not onlycalculated goods produced by different types of vegetation but also estimated the value of variousvegetation ecosystem services and set up database, GIS and eco-account of vegetation ecosystem. Theresult was as follows: the value of vegetation's primary productivity, soil and fertility conservation,water conservation, CO2 fixation and O2 release was 199.6 billion yuan/a, 22.64 billion yuan/a, 22.66billion yuan/a, 352.24 billion yuan/a and 374.19 billion yuan/a, respectively. The total value ofecosystem services was 968.33 billion yuan/a. The temperate deciduous broad-leaved forest had thehighest contribution rate, accounting for 16.42%. The result of value can reflect regional reality moreexactly.

  4. 照亮21世纪的新型光源--2014年诺贝尔物理学奖介绍%The new light source shining 21 century:A brief introduction to the Nobel Prize in Physics 2014



    The Nobel Prize in Physics 2014 rewarded to Isamu Akasaki, Hiroshi Amano and Shuji Nakamura as they have invented the blue light-emitting diode (LED). It is a new energy-efficient and environment-friendly light source. The Laureates’research works and achievements are introduced briefly in this article . The physical principle and structure of the blue light-emitting diode are described sketchily.%2014年的诺贝尔物理学奖颁给发明蓝色发光二极管的赤崎勇(Isamu Akasaki)、天野浩(Hiroshi Amano)和中村修二(Shuji Nakamura)。简单介绍了获奖者的研究工作及成就,并简略描述了蓝色发光二极管的物理原理和结构。

  5. CNOOC Doubles H1 bet Profit


    @@ CNOOC Ltd.announced its interim business results of2010 on August 19 and beat market estimates by doubling its interim net profit on strong production growth and higher oil prices.The company's net profit for the first half ended June surged 109.6 percent to 25.99 billion yuan from 12.4 billion yuan a year earlier as revenue more than doubled to 83.2 billion yuan from 40.6 billion.

  6. 数字解读


    400 Million Yuan (US $52.63 Million) During the State scholarships award ceremony, held in Beijing in January 2008,China awarded 400 million yuan to 50,000 university students from poverty-stricken families.The students had posted outstanding academic achievements.Each student received 8,000 yuan (US $1,052.63),an amount nearly double that of last year,due to increased government investment.

  7. Earthquake Numbers


    Financial Relief May 22,2 p.m.-China had appropriated 13.975 billion yuan($2 billion) in relief funds for quake-ravaged areas,including 10.295 billion yuan($1.47 billion)from the central government budget and 3.68 billion yuan($525.71 million)from local govern- ment budgets.

  8. Sinopec Sees Substantial Growth in Taxes and Profits in 2002


    Sinopec, one of China's three oil giants, has generated 53.1 billion yuan in taxes and profits in 2002, a 5.97 percent growth as compared to those in the previous year. The annual business income is estimated to reach 370 billion yuan, 7.7 up from last year, while the profits amount to 12.8 billion yuan, 6 percent up.



    SriLankan Airlines Since September 1,SriLankan Airlines has promoted special offers on airfares in succession. Recent ones include:a roundtrip ticket from Beijing to Bangkok for only 2,215 yuan($300);a roundtrip ticket from Beijing to Colombo for 4,000 yuan($540);a roundtrip ticket from Beijing to the Maldives for 4,700 yuan($635);a roundtrip ticket from Beijing to any desti-

  10. Henan Province Aluminum Enterprises Initially Finalized the Transition Path as “Aluminum +X”


    In early July,Zhongfu Industrial published a notice,which revealed that it would seek finansing of 5 billion yuan through private placement,in which 3.5 billion yuan is used for investment and construction of Henan Cloud Computing Data Center project,the remaining1.5 billion yuan will be used to pay off interestbearing liability of the listed company.

  11. State of the Market


    Retail Sales In November 2005, total retail sales of consumer goods reached 590.9 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 12.4 percent, according to the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS). By region, retail sales of consumer goods in urban areas stood at 388 billion yuan, growing 13.2 percent over a year ago, and those in rural areas stood at 202.9 billion yuan, increasing 10.9 percent year on year.

  12. Reversible brain atrophy and cognitive impairment in an adolescent Japanese patient with primary adrenal Cushing’s syndrome

    Ohara N; Suzuki H; Suzuki A.; Kaneko M; Ishizawa M; Furukawa K; Abe T; Matsubayashi Y; Yamada T.; Hanyu O; Shimohata T; Sone H


    Nobumasa Ohara,1 Hiroshi Suzuki,1 Akiko Suzuki,1 Masanori Kaneko,1 Masahiro Ishizawa,1 Kazuo Furukawa,1 Takahiro Abe,1 Yasuhiro Matsubayashi,1 Takaho Yamada,1 Osamu Hanyu,1 Takayoshi Shimohata,2 Hirohito Sone1 1Department of Hematology, Endocrinology and Metabolism, Faculty of Medicine, Niigata University, Niigata, Japan; 2Department of Neurology, Brain Research Institute, Niigata University, Niigata, Japan Abstract: Endogenous Cushing’s syndrome is an endocrine disease resulting ...

  13. Konsep Pre-emptive War sebagai Anticipatory Self-defense ditinjau dari Hukum Internasional

    Rombot, Iona Hiroshi Yuki


    Iona Hiroshi Yuki Rombot (B11109421), Concept of Pre-emptive War as Anticipatory Self-Defense asessed from International Law. Supervised by Abdul Maasba Magassing and Albert Lokollo. This research intended to understand on how the concept of pre-emptive war as anticipatory self-defense within scope of international law. This research conduct based on ???library research??? method or through bibliography study, author collected both hardcopy and softcopy literatures and analyzed internatio...

  14. Oseltamivir reduces hippocampal abnormal EEG activities after a virus infection (influenza) in isoflurane-anesthetized rats

    Inoue,, S.; Kido, Hiroshi


    Youssouf Cissé,1 Isao Inoue,2 Hiroshi Kido11Division of Enzyme Chemistry, 2Division of Molecular Neurobiology, Institute for Enzyme Research, University of Tokushima, Tokushima, JapanBackground: Oseltamivir phosphate (OP, Tamiflu®) is a widely used drug in the treatment of influenza with fever. However, case reports have associated OP intake with sudden abnormal behaviors. In rats infected by the influenza A virus (IAV), the electroencephalogram (EEG) displayed abnormal hig...

  15. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, Japan, 1989 S&T Agency Annual 33


    34 Isamu Yamashita " Jiro Kondo " Hiroshi Inose " Kunio Kagayama «• Machiro Kawada •• Masakazu Sawa " Eiji Suzuki *’ Saburo Nagakura " Hiromichi...Nagata 10 June 1988 T Toshihiro Ishii 10 June 1988 A Accounting Division Manager Akira Takeda 10 June 1988 T Hiroto Sekida 10 June 1988 A Science...Division Manager Toshihiro Ishii 10 June 1988 M (General Affairs Division Man- ager) Mitsuhiro Nakamura 10 June 1988 A Planning Division Manager

  16. 日本における初期のカフカの影響 : 第二次世界大戦前後

    有村, 隆広


    The first Japanese researcher of Kafka's literature was Hiroshi Okamura. In 1932, he wrote the essay Franz Kafka - the class system of loneliness, in which he argued that the solitude and despair of helpless people are expressed in The Metamorphosis. In 1940, Koichi Motono translated Kafka's novel The Trial from German into Japanese. He felt that Kafka described the anxiety and the loneliness of human beings in this novel. Atsushi Nakajima is the first Japanese writer who was influenced by Ka...

  17. Physical Mechanism of Wave-Particle Resonances in a Curved Magnetic Field.


    Kusse Columbia University H. Fleischmann New York, New York 10027 C. Wharton Attn: R. Taussig P. Morse R. A. Cross R. Lovelace 17 Harvard University...Maryland 021-73 McLean, Virginia 22102 Gendrin, Roger Schulz, Michael CNET Aerospace Corp. 3 Ave. do la Republique A6/2451, P. 0. Box 92957 Issy-les...G21GO Iowa City, Iowa 52242 Meudon, FRANCE Temerin, Michael Space Science Lab. Kikuchi, Hiroshi University of California College of Sci. & Tech

  18. Erster Deutscher IPv6 Gipfel

    Meinel, Christoph; Sack, Harald; Bross, Justus



  19. 玻璃用涂料


    玻璃防尘用的带负静电荷的涂装工艺及聚硅氧烷组合物:US2005—48293[美国专利申请公开]/美国:(Rood,Leonard D.),室温固化玻璃涂料的应用:JP2005-40725[日本专利公开]/日本:Sanhorony K.K.(Hosaka,Hiroshi)。

  20. Epoprostenol sodium for treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension

    Saito Y.; Nakamura K; Akagi S; Sarashina T; Ejiri K; Miura A; Ogawa A.; Matsubara H; Ito H


    Yukihiro Saito,1 Kazufumi Nakamura,1 Satoshi Akagi,1 Toshihiro Sarashina,1 Kentaro Ejiri,1 Aya Miura,1 Aiko Ogawa,2 Hiromi Matsubara,2 Hiroshi Ito1 1Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama, Japan; 2Division of Cardiology, National Hospital Organization Okayama Medical Center, Okayama, Japan Abstract: The release of endogenous prostacyclin (PGI2) is depressed in patients with pulmonary arterial hyper...

  1. Molecular Basis of Ion Channels and Receptors Involved in Nerve Excitation, Synaptic Transmission and Muscle Contraction


    BARNARD, MARGARET SUTHERLAND, SHAHID ZAMAN, XMIT5UtIIKO ,MATSUMOTO. NAUSHABA NAVEEJM, TIMi GREEN~, MARK G. DARLITON, and ALAN N . BATESON ...Paralysis of a Japanese Family. By Kiciii ARAHAI A, JIANZ1iOt.: WANG, W. GREGORY FEFiRo. HIROSHI~ HAYAKAWA, Koicii HONDA. HIDEo SLGI-iA, and ERIC P. HOFI...8217 MARK G. DARLISONJ AND ALAN N. BATESON ’ ’Molecular Neurobiology Unit Division of Basic Medical Sciences Royal Free Hospital Scbool of Medicine London NW3

  2. SABIC Innovative Plastics: Be the World Best Plastic Resin Manufacturer

    Jenny Du


    @@ "SABIC Innovative Plastics is a global supplier of plastic resins, manufacturing and compounding polycarbonate, ABS, SAN, ASA, PPE, PC/ABS, PBT and PEI resins, as well as the LNP* line of high performance specialty compounds," said Hiroshi Yoshida, the Global Market Director for Electronics of SABIC Innovative Plastics based in Tokyo at the press conference held by SABIC Innovative Plastics, November 8th 2007, Shanghai.

  3. Antihypertensive effects of astaxanthin

    Yanai, Hidekatsu


    Hidekatsu Yanai1,2, Kumie Ito1,2, Hiroshi Yoshida2,3, Norio Tada1,21Department of Internal Medicine; 2Institute of Clinical Medicine and Research; 3Department of Laboratory Medicine, The Jikei University School of Medicine, Chiba, JapanAbstract: Astaxanthin is a biological antioxidant naturally found in a wide variety of aquatic living organisms, and has shown various pharmacological activities, such as anti-inflammatory and antidiabetic activities. A recent study reported that the administra...

  4. A new species of Dalbergia (Leguminosae from Malay Peninsula

    Bambang - Sunarno


    Full Text Available SUNARNO, BAMBANG & OHASHI, HIROSHI. 2002. A new species of Dalbergia (Leguminosae from Malay Peninsula. Reinwardtia 12(1: 117–119. ⎯ A new species, Dalbergia johoriensis from the Malay Peninsula is described. It is close to D. rostrata and D. havilandii but readily distinguished by the grooved midrib beneath, flowers with narrower standard and wings and style hairy in the lower part.

  5. 手外科杂志(美国卷)近期部分文章摘要译文



    @@ 1.由屈肌腱滑膜脂肪瘤引发板机腕及腕管综合征1例报告 本文译自(美国卷)2002年第27卷第6期,作者:Hironori Sonoda,Mitsuhiro Takasita,Hirofu-mi Taira, Tsutomu Higashi and Hiroshi Tsumura.文题:Carpal tunnel syndrome and trigger wrist caused bya lipoma arising from flexor tenosynovium a casereport

  6. Hiroshima University Research and Technology Guide 2012 Version : Life Science

    Center for Collaborative Research & Community Cooperation,


    I Life ScienceDevelopment of Treatment Strategy for Hepatocellular Carcinoma to Improve the Long Term Prognosis / Hiroshi AIKATA...2Development of Revolutional Apatite-implant Complex with Simultaneous Bone Augmentation and Osseointegration / Yasumasa AKAGAWA...3How Do Patients with Alzheimer’s Disease Experience Memory Impairments? / Sawako ARAI...4Development of New Therapies for Chronic Viral Hepatitis Using Human Hepatocyte Chimeric Mice / Kazuaki CHAYAMA...5Identification of High Risk Pa...

  7. Hiroshima University Research and Technology Guide 2012 Version : Life Science

    Center for Collaborative Research & Community Cooperation,


    I Life ScienceDevelopment of Treatment Strategy for Hepatocellular Carcinoma to Improve the Long Term Prognosis / Hiroshi AIKATA...2Development of Revolutional Apatite-implant Complex with Simultaneous Bone Augmentation and Osseointegration / Yasumasa AKAGAWA...3How Do Patients with Alzheimer’s Disease Experience Memory Impairments? / Sawako ARAI...4Development of New Therapies for Chronic Viral Hepatitis Using Human Hepatocyte Chimeric Mice / Kazuaki CHAYAMA...5Identification of High Risk Pa...

  8. Understanding and Harnessing the Power of Ideas, Persuasion, and Trust


    Information Sharing Behavior in Social Network Sites Norhayati Zakaria* Hiroshi Yama Saudi Elect U, SA Osaka City, JP...gateway for technology transfer. Technology Transfer in a Global Economy : Proceedings of the Technology Transfer Society, Dayton, OH, 277-282. FINAL...Design: Japan, April 1985. University of Tokyo, Komaba, Tokyo University of Kyoto, Kyoto University of Osaka , Toyonaka, Osaka Aichi Institute of

  9. 2006 Major Projects Investment Consultation and Talks, Nanjing, China


    (project investment invitation) Infrastructure Construction Projects 1 .Nanjing Ring Expressway (southeast part), undertaken by Nanjing Expressway Development (Group) Co. Ltd. with a total investment of 4480 million yuan

  10. 75 FR 37510 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change by NYSE Arca, Inc...


    ..., Indonesia, Mexico, New Zealand, Norway, Russia and South Africa. In addition to seeking broad exposure... Peso; Chinese Yuan; Indian Rupee; Indonesian Rupiah; Japanese Yen; Mexican Peso; New Zealand...

  11. Looking to the Sea for Riches



    If left unprocessed,10 tons of codfish skins sell for only 14,000 yuan ($2215).However,Shandong Oriental Ocean Sci-Tech Co.Ltd.,by cooperating with Yantai Institute of Coastal Zone Research affiliated to the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS),can turn 14,000 yuan into 400,000yuan ($63,000) by using the fish skins to produce collagen proteins.This in turn can be processed into high-end health foods worth 12.5 million yuan ($1.98 million).

  12. Rapid Development of China's Offshore Oil Industry

    Zhang Haimin


    @@ Founded on February 15, 1982, China National Offshore Oil Corporation (CNOOC) has experienced two decades of rapid development, in which the annual offshore oil production rose dramatically to 23.13 million tons in 2001 from 90,000 tons in 1982while the total assets jumped to 72 billion yuan from 2.8 billion yuan, but the total employees dropped to 21,000 people from 30,000. This offshore oil giant generated a profit of 9.2 billion yuan in 2001 and turned over 4 billion yuan in taxes to the State with the crude production cost lowered to US$9 per barrel.



    Ch’ien Men 23, ZEN 1903 ZEN 1903 will offer a traditional Cantonese family set menu and an a la carte menu from February 8 to 28-the period celebrating Chinese New Year (The restaurant will be closed February 14-16). Four kinds of Chinese New Year family set menus are priced at 3,800 yuan, 5,800 yuan, 6,800 yuan and 8,800 yuan per table (10 persons), respectively. Each set menu is served with one box of complimentary Chinese New

  14. No Hasty Appreciation



    @@ The value of the reminbi (yuan), the Chinese currency, has once again become the target of criticism. America's huge wade deficit with China, its nearly 10-percent unemployment rate, and an imbalance in the global economy have all been attributed to the "undervalued" yuan by many U.S.senators, who complain the yuan is undervalued by as much as 40 percent. Paul Krugman even said global economic growth would be about 1.5 percentage points higher if China stopped restraining the value of the yuan.

  15. Workshop on Education in Computer Security (WECS7) (7th): Practical and Experimental Approaches to Information Security Education, Held in Monterey, California on 4-6 January 2006


    Animated Simulator for Packet Sniffer 79 XIAOHONG YUAN, PERCY VEGA, JINSHENG XU, HUIMING YU, AND STEPHEN PROVIDENCE The Science of Information Protection... Jackson State University 103 HOUSSAIN KETTANI Two Successful Miniprojects in an Overview Information Assurance Course 107 JUDITH L. GERSTING...Rose Shumba, Carol Taylor, Mike Thompson, Percy Vega, James Walden, Daniel F. Warren, Alexander Wijesinha, Jinsheng Xu, Huiming Yu, Xiaohong Yuan

  16. Railway Investment Scale Upgraded to Directly Benefit Copper Wires & Cables and Alloys


    <正>The infrastructure investment scale of the Ministry of Railways for 2012 has been upgraded from the 406 billion yuan at the beginning of the year to 516 billion yuan. The constant upgrading of investment scale means railway construction investment will be increased in the second half of the year,

  17. Guangdong to Invest Heavily in Natural Gas and Petrochemical Projects


    Guangdong Provincial Government has decided to focus on 10 key projects this year with a total investment of 210,2 billion yuan, including energy infrastructure projects, natural gas projects,petrochemical projects, and auto projects. It is expected to complete an investment of 40 billion yuan

  18. Textile Calendar


    The value of yuan, China’s currency renminbi, hit new high against US dollar Monday as the central parity rate of the yuan was set at $6.6732 per dollar, according to the data released by the China Foreign Exchange Trading System.

  19. China Ranks 6th in World Economy



      China on December 20 revised its GDP (gross domestic product)for 2004 to 15.9878 trillion yuan (about 2 trillion U.S. dollars), up 2.3 trillion yuan, or 16.8% from the preliminary figures.……

  20. 24小时餐厅(英文)


    XICHENG DISTRICTBaili RestaurantCuisine: Sichuan, Guangdong and housedishesAdd: No. 28. Wenxing StreetTel: 68324164 or 68324165Average Price/Person: 70 yuanLao Beijing Noodle RestaurantCuisine: BeijingAdd: No. 32, Fuwai DajieTel: 68583615Average Price/Person: 30 yuan

  1. Establishment of life insurance benefits, 1986.


    In 1986, Nanjing County in Fujian Province, China, established life insurance policies for only children. Families with only one child paying insurance premiums of 40 yuan will be refunded medical expenses exceeding 200 yuan incurred in caring for the child from birth to age 16.

  2. Production and Business Operation of Enterprises Are Improving

    Department of Research, State Electricity Regulato; Ye Qing


    @@ Power grid operation and management In 2006,the national total revenue of power supply business amounted to 1299.242 billion Yuan,21.66%higher than that of last year:the total profits amounted to 52.035 billion Yuan;workers employed in power enterprises amounted to 1232.4 thousand.

  3. Lam Kin Chung Morning Sun China- Japan Friendship Fund Set up


    <正>Lam Kin Chung Morning Sun Charity Fund of HoneKong has decided to donate, from January 2004, 100,000 RMB yuan each year for 5 consecutive years, which totals 500,000 RMB yuan, to set up the Lam Kin Chung Morning Sun China-Japan Friendship Fund under the China Friend-

  4. A New Way To Trade


    China expands yuan settlement in trade with Russia, while allowing the yuan to trade against the ruble Cross-border trade between China and Russia was bountiful throughout the 1990s as a group of Chinese and Russian dealers,nicknamed the daoye, or profiteers who buy low and sell high, shuttled consumer goods

  5. China Report, Economic Affairs


    as microelectronics, electronic computers, optical fiber telecommunications, lasers, and biological engineering. One can imagine how vast a market...yuan and profits to 11.5 million yuan. The paper also reported that Dalian branch imported a pineapple bean produc- tion line for Dalian Foodstuff

  6. NEWS


    Textile industrial output value of the first 11 months increased27.5% The total production:from January to November,China’s35,900 large-scale(the main business income more than 20million Yuan)textile enterprises realized an industrial out-put value of4952.64billion Yuan,up27.5%,

  7. Salary Hikes on the National Agenda

    Yu Nan


    MIGRANT worker Su Ruifang has lived in Beijing for more than 10 years. She started out as a cleaner. but has since gained skills and now works as a sought-after confinement nurse enjoying a monthly income increase from 600 yuan ($95) to 5,000 yuan ($793).

  8. Becoming an International Currency


    China plans to allow cross-border yuan direct investments to expand the currency’s global presence Foreign investors will soon be able to make direct investments in China with the yuan obtained legally overseas. The Ministry of Commerce (MOFCOM) recently issued a draft circular on this issue,

  9. Clinical Application of the Spleen-stomach Theory

    ZHAO Hai-feng


    @@ The spleen-stomach theory is a very valuablecomposition of the TCM. It is originated from Neijing (), initiated in Jin-Yuan periods and the idea "spleen and stomach is the postnatal base of life" in Piweilun () written by LI Dong-yuan established its theoretical basis. Directed by this theory, the author cured several cases, and it is now reported below.

  10. Power Generation Enterprises: Facing Roth the Pros and Cons of RMB Appreciation

    Zhang Shumin; Jia Yulu


    @@ On July 21,2005,China made a major change in the formation of RMB exchange rate.Over the past two years,RMB has risen from 8.27 Yuan to one US dollar to the current 7.56Yuan to one US dollar,reaching an ascending range of 8.59%,and the momentum of appreciation continues.



    Days Hotel & Suites Beijing Dainty Afternoon Tea/Afternoon Tea Buffet 745 yuan per person Select from an assortment of delicate snacks, fresh salad, seasonal fruit plates Completed by a complimentary glass of American coffee or Chinese tea (excluding Kungfu tea). Only 35 yuan per person for Afternoon Tea Buffet if ordering other kind of beverages at Lobby Lounge

  12. Retracted article: Quantum dots high fluorescent signal amplification immunoassay using branched DNA and peptide nucleic acid conjugated antibody.

    Cao, Yuan-Cheng; Ali, Selman; Hanley, Quentin S; Boocock, David; Matharoo-Ball, Balwir


    I, Yuan-Cheng Cao, hereby wholly retract this Analyst paper for correction. This article was submitted for publication without the knowledge and approval of the co-authors listed. Signed: Yuan-Cheng Cao, Newcastle University, UK, December 2011. This retraction is endorsed by May Copsey, Editor. Retraction published 16th December 2011.

  13. Effects of an Al3+- and Mg2+-containlng antacid, ferrous sulfate, and calcium carbonate on the absorption of nemonoxacin (TG-873870)in healthy Chinese volunteers

    Yi-fan ZHANG Xiao-jian DAI Ting WANG Xiao-yan CHEN Li LIANG Hua QIAO Cheng-yuan TSAI Li-wen CHANG Ping-ting HUANG Chiung-yuan HSU Yu-ting CHANG Chen-en TSAI Da-fang ZHONG


    ... ,Xiao-jian DAI ,Ting WANG ,Xiao-yan CHEN ,Li LIANG ,Hua QIAO ,Cheng-yuan TSAI。,Li—wen CHANG。,Pingtiin HUANG。,Chiung-yuan HSU。,Yu-ting CHANG。,Chen—en TSAI。,Da-~ng...

  14. Jiangrun Copper Limited Company Set its Eyes on the Leading Position of Copper Processing Industry in China


    <正>Jiangrun Copper Limited Company’s total investment volume for projects of stranded copper wire with high strength and high conductivity as well as high-performance copper and copper alloy wire are 500 million yuan and 360 million yuan, respectively. The company plans to introduce 85 units (sets) of high-end

  15. Finding the Right Pace


    Sharp appreciation of the yuan will harm the country’s economic stability and the global economic recovery The central parity rate of’the yuan, the Chinese currency,rose 1 15 basis points,or 0.17 percent,on September 29,to a new record high

  16. Evaluation on Phyllostachys Pubescens Forest Ecosystem Services Value in Suichang County

    Luyun Hu


    Full Text Available In order to reflect the ecological benefits of Moso bamboo forest (Phyllostachys pubescens, based on the method of “The assessment of Forest Ecosystem Services in China”, assessing Moso bamboo forest ecosystem services value in Suichang County. Moso bamboo forest ecosystem services value are divided into six groups: water storage, soil conservation, C fixation and O2 release, nutrients accumulation, environment purification, biodiversity conservation in this study. Chinese Fir Plantation as the control was to compare. The results showed that: (1 The total value of Moso bamboo forest ecosystem services in Suichang County was 1260.40 million yuan/a, services values of water storage, soil conservation, C fixation and O2 release, nutrients accumulation, environment purification, biodiversity conservation were respectively 741.00 million yuan/a, 81.00 million yuan/a, 331.00 million yuan/a, 21.6 million yuan/a, 32.2 million yuan/a ,53.6 million yuan/a. (2 The total value of Moso bamboo forest ecosystem services in Suichang County has increased 302.80 million yuan/a, the growth was about 31.62%. (3 In the six groups, all of Moso bamboo ecosystem services value more than the same area of Chinese Fir forest plantation. These provide a reference basis for the similar region to evaluate Moso bamboo ecosystem services value, demonstrating the important contribution of Moso bamboo to the forest ecosystem of Suichang County's sustainable development.

  17. Oil Giants Return Domestic Stock Market


    @@ China National Petrochemical Corporation (Sinopec) plans to raise 11.8 billion yuan (US$1.5billion) on the domestic stock market, setting its initial price offering (IPO) at 4.22 yuan (51 US cents)per share recently.

  18. Chalco Stuck in the Dilemma of Transformation Again


    <正>Aluminum Corporation of China Limited (hereinafter referred to as Chalco) announced in its 2012 annual report that it suffered huge losses after small profits gained in 2012 and 2011. The net loss of shareholders of the parent company reached 8.23 billion yuan, surpassing the biggest loss of 7 billion yuan when 2009 financial crisis broke out.

  19. RMB's Exchange Rate Policy Shift Creates Opportunity for Neighboring Countries

    Xiao Yingying


    @@ The Chinese Yuan showed a trend to rise against the U.S. Dollar after the announcement of the People's Bank of China, Chinas central bank, to proceed further with the reform of the Yuan's exchange rate regime. Other Asian currencies followed the upward move.



    By fulfilling its WTO commitments,China has opened the doors of its financial industry-but further opening shouldcome at a gradual pace If you’re looking for a bank to open anaccount of at least 80,000 yuan($1=7.7yuan)in Beijing and you don’t want toqueu