WorldWideScience

Sample records for wu zi yuan

  1. [Dialectic research on family lineage of Wu Kun, a Xin'an famous physician].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, L; Yao, S

    2000-07-01

    The records on the family lineage of a personage in the medical circle should be as accurate as possible. In Textual Research on Xin'an Famous Doctor, it is said that the Xin'an famous physician Wu Kun was the grandson of Wu Znenglun. Through dialectic research, this saying was proved to be untrue. Wu Kun's grandfather is Wu Yuan - chang, who had no direct blood relationship with Wu Zhenglun.

  2. Lattice models and integrability: a special issue in honour of F Y Wu

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guttmann, A. J.; Jacobsen, J. L.

    2012-12-01

    Fa Yueh (Fred) Wu was born on 5 January 1932 in Nanking (now known as Nanjing), China, the capital of the Nationalist government. Wu began kindergarten in 1937 in a comfortable setting, as his father held a relatively high government position. But the Sino-Japanese war broke out in July 1937, and Nanking fell to Japanese hands in November. Fleeing the Japanese, his parents brought Wu to their hometown in Hunan, and then to the war capital Chungking (now Chongqing) in 1938, where they lived for eight years until the end of the war. Around that time the Japanese began bombing Chungking, and Wu's childhood memories were dominated by air raids, bombings and burning not dissimilar to those experienced by Londoners during the war. At times the air raids lasted for days disrupting everyday lives in Chungking, including Wu's schooling. One day during a fierce bombing raid, a bomb fell in their garden reducing a pavilion and the surrounding pond to a huge crater; another bomb fell just a few metres from the tunnel where his family took shelter, almost sealing the only entrance. The family moved the very next day to the countryside. As a result of the war, Wu attended seven schools before finishing his primary education. Fortunately, by the time he entered junior high school in 1943, the Japanese forces were on the wane and Wu entered the elite middle school, Nankai. His early academic performance in Nankai seemed to him mediocre, but he nevertheless impressed his geometry teacher by showing bursts of talent. With hindsight, this early interest in geometry may have led to his later insights in graphical analyses of statistical systems. The family returned to Nanking in 1946 after the Victory over Japan Day. By this time his father had become elected to the Legislative Yuan, the equivalent of the US Senate. Wu entered high school in Nanking in 1946. Since he came from an elite school in Chungking, he excelled in most of his classes, especially mathematics. Notwithstanding his

  3. [On Liu qin xi (six animal frolics) in Huai nan zi (Discourses of Master Huainanzi)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Xiaozhong

    2014-05-01

    The six styles of the art of Daoyin recorded in Liu An's Huai nan zi (Discourses of Master Huainanzi) of the Western Han Dynasty was called the Liu qin xi which was simplified from the complicated ancient Daoyin art of bionic practice imitating the movements of six kinds of animal. Among them, the "xiong jing"imitates the erecting walking style of a bear so as to strengthen the waist and lower extremities; the "niao shen"follows the spreading of wings of a bird so as to extend the arms and legs, to train the shoulders and extremities; the "fu yu"imitates the movements of swimming and moving head of a wild duck so as to train the head and neck; the "yuan jue"imitates the jumping of a monkey among the tree branches so as to train the legs and waist; the "chi shi"imitates the streching neck movements of an eagle so as to strengthen the neck and improvement of vision; while the "hu gu"imitates the movement of turning head of a tiger so as to train one's nape and the buttock.

  4. 78 FR 16680 - Shu Bei Yuan: Debarment Order

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-18

    ... countries other than China, including South Korea, when in fact Ms. Yuan knew that the honey originated from... from importing articles of food or offering such articles for importation into the United States. FDA... FDA to debar an individual from importing an article of food or offering such an article for import...

  5. JanuaryZi'KW EAST AFRICAN MEDICAL JOURNAL 3

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2007-01-01

    Jan 1, 2007 ... JanuaryZi'KW EAST AFRICAN MEDICAL JOURNAL 3. Rust African Medical Ioumul Vol. 534 No. l .... of the frequent causes of bloodstream infections. (BSI) among febrile adults with advanced HIV ... liigmnclroilrle primers: A single set of oligonucleot it in primers was used (Mill. ., lllerlin, (l;erinanybi'jii.

  6. On the issue of granting the status of a reserve currency yuan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Frolova

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The presented article opens an essence of internationalization of currency, defines, what factors are necessary in order that the Yuan became the international currency, pays the main attention to international payments which are carried out by means of Yuan, in particular, analyzes prospects of the investments expressed in Yuan.

  7. Islamic Astronomy in the Service of Yuan and Ming Monarchs

    OpenAIRE

    Yunli, Shi

    2014-01-01

    A substantial dissemination and influence of Islamic astronomy was first seen in China during the Mongolian Yuan dynasty which ruled the country between 1260 and 1368. An observatory equipped with Arabic instruments and books in astronomy was set up exclusively for Muslim astronomers, who were charged with the responsibilities similar to their Chinese counterparts. With the establishment of the Ming dynasty in 1368, Muslim astronomers were recruited not only from the former capital of the Yua...

  8. [Analysis of professor WU Lianzhong's experience of neck acupoints application].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peng, Jiandong; Zheng, Hongyan; Wang, Yingshu

    2015-09-01

    Professor WU Lianzhong's experience of neck acupoints application is introduced. The characteristics,locations, acupuncture manipulations ,efficiency and main functions of neck acupoints including Tiandixue (Extra), Jingbixue (Extra), and cervical Jiaji (EX-B 2) are stated. According to the TCM thought of treatment based on syndrome differentiation,WU Lianzhong's special theory of neck acupoints application is explained so as to provide experience for improving acupuncture effects.

  9. [Textual research on the edition of WU Kun's books].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Xu-Guang; Lu, Xiang

    2013-03-01

    WU Kun is a famous physician of the Xin'an School. He wrote a 6-volume Yi fang kao (Textual Research on Recipes) in 1584, a 24-volume Wu zhu su wen (Wu's Annotation of Plain Questions) in 1594, a 6-volume Zhen fang liu ji (Six Collections of Acupuncture and Prescription) in 1618 block-printed and funded by CHENG Biao, and a 2-volume Mai yu (Language of Pulse) with writing date unknown. For Yi fang kao, there were 4 editions, including Ming-dynasty block-printed edition, Japanese and Korean block-printed edition, old hand-copied edition and modern printing edition. For Wu zhu su wen, there were 5 editions, Ming-Qing-dynasty block-printed edition, Japanese block-printed edition, old hand-copied edition, photocopy and modern edition. For Zhen fang liu ji, there were Ming-dynasty block-printed edition, hand-copied edition, photocopy and modern edition. Mai yu always was printed together with Yi fang kao, and its editions were same as those of Yi fang kao, except some modern printing edition with Mai yu excluded.

  10. Wu-Ling-San formula prophylaxis against recurrent calcium oxalate ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    WLS formula is a promising adjunct to surgical and medical management of kidney stones. Active therapy with WLS formula has a positive effect on diuresis without leading to electrolyte imbalance. Key words: Calcium oxalate, Urinary Stone, Traditional Chinese Medicine, Wu-Ling-San Formula, Nephrolithiasis.

  11. Towards a Collective Intelligence: Transmediality and the Wu Ming Project

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Melina Anne Masterson

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Dagli albori della Seconda Repubblica in Italia,  le strategie di dominio sui mass media dell’ex premier Silvio Berlusconi hanno avuto un effetto considerevole sull’immaginario culturale italiano. In un approccio multisensoriale e multimediale alla scrittura, il collettivo Wu Ming mette in questione i paradigmi culturali che negli ultimi venti anni sono diventati egemonici. L’esperienza di un romanzo dei Wu Ming va ben oltre la parola stampata poiché cerca di stimolare tutti i cinque sensi per arricchire il modo in cui il lettore vive quello che c’è sulla pagina, dimostrando esempi chiari della «convergence culture» coniata da Henry Jenkins. Questo saggio esamina l’interazione tra parola e immagine messa in atto dal collettivo tramite il sito Pinterest e illustra come questo aspetto del loro progetto rappresenti un microcosmo di un approccio complessivo alla creazione estetica e alla pratica culturale. Inoltre, questo saggio descrive in che modo il processo collettivo di consumo portato avanti dai Wu Ming contribuisca alla formazione delle «communities of sentiment» di Arjun Appadurai e alla «intelligenza collettiva» di Jenkins. Queste sono formazioni che rivitalizzano il concetto di cultura popolare per la nostra epoca digitale e offrono un’alternativa ad un immaginario culturale italiano sovra-determinato dalle pratiche del Berlusconismo.

  12. Multiorgan WU Polyomavirus Infection in Bone Marrow Transplant Recipient.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siebrasse, Erica A; Nguyen, Nang L; Willby, Melisa J; Erdman, Dean D; Menegus, Marilyn A; Wang, David

    2016-01-01

    WU polyomavirus (WUPyV) was detected in a bone marrow transplant recipient with severe acute respiratory distress syndrome who died in 2001. Crystalline lattices of polyomavirus-like particles were observed in the patient's lung by electron microscopy. WUPyV was detected in the lung and other tissues by real-time quantitative PCR and identified in the lung and trachea by immunohistochemistry. A subset of WUPyV-positive cells in the lung had morphologic features of macrophages. Although the role of WUPyV as a human pathogen remains unclear, these results clearly demonstrate evidence for infection of respiratory tract tissues in this patient.

  13. Topological field theories on manifolds with Wu structures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monnier, Samuel

    We construct invertible field theories generalizing abelian prequantum spin Chern-Simons theory to manifolds of dimension 4ℓ + 3 endowed with a Wu structure of degree 2ℓ + 2. After analyzing the anomalies of a certain discrete symmetry, we gauge it, producing topological field theories whose path integral reduces to a finite sum, akin to Dijkgraaf-Witten theories. We take a general point of view where the Chern-Simons gauge group and its couplings are encoded in a local system of integral lattices. The Lagrangian of these theories has to be interpreted as a class in a generalized cohomology theory in order to obtain a gauge invariant action. We develop a computationally friendly cochain model for this generalized cohomology and use it in a detailed study of the properties of the Wu Chern-Simons action. In the 3-dimensional spin case, the latter provides a definition of the “fermionic correction” introduced recently in the literature on fermionic symmetry protected topological phases. In order to construct the state space of the gauged theories, we develop an analogue of geometric quantization for finite abelian groups endowed with a skew-symmetric pairing. The physical motivation for this work comes from the fact that in the ℓ = 1 case, the gauged 7-dimensional topological field theories constructed here are essentially the anomaly field theories of the 6-dimensional conformal field theories with (2, 0) supersymmetry, as will be discussed elsewhere.

  14. Yuan and Jing Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. (2011) 8(2):104 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    USER

    been found to be under the modulation of Astragalus mongholicus in the in vitro rabbit ischemia-reperfusion ... the heart rate or even heart arrest of the in vitro rabbit heart (Yuan et al., 2004). 1.5 Polysaccharide ..... Notoginseng is the radix of Ranax Notoginseng (Burk) F. H. Chen, a perennial herbaceous plant. The main ...

  15. Elucidation of mechanism of Si-jun-zi decoction-induced reversal of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Purpose: To explore the therapeutic effect and mechanism of action of Si–jun–zi decoction (SJZD) in rat spleen deficiency syndrome. Methods: Spleen deficiency syndrome was induced in a rat model with reserpine. Liquid chromatography quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (LC-Q-TOF/MS) and partial least ...

  16. [Research on southward spreading of Hejian' Theory in the Yuan Dynasty].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Y Q

    2017-03-28

    Hejian' Theory was flourished in the Dading reign of the Jin Dynasty, while the doctors of the Southern Song Dynasty didn't know Hejian's Theory. As Southern Song was overthrown by the Yuan Dynasty, Hejian' Theory began to spread to the South. Hejian's descendants, disciples and those doctors studied this Theory personally all contributed to the Theory's spreading to the South in the Yuan Dynasty. In the meantime, Liu Hejian's descendants moved to Jiangxi province later as well as those studying the Theory personally also made similar contributions. His disciples, especially Jinshan Futu transmitted the Theory to Luo Zhiti, then to Zhu Danxi, all contributed to the southward diffusion too. The local medical officer who inherited the Theory expanded its influencing area. The inheritors' medical theory was not just limited to Hejian's Theory only, reflecting the academic progress at that time.

  17. Research on Remote Sensing recognition features of Yuan Yang Terraces in Yunnan Province (China)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiang, Jie; Chen, Jianping; Lai, ZiLi; Yang, Wei

    2016-04-01

    Yuan Yang terraces is one of the most famous terraces in China, and it was successfully listed in the world heritage list at the 37th world heritage convention. On the one hand, Yuan Yang terraces retain more soil and water, to reduce both hydrological connectivity and erosion, and to support irrigation. On the other hand, It has the important tourism value, bring the huge revenue to local residents. In order to protect and make use of Yuan Yang terraces better, This study analyzed the spatial distribution and spectral characteristics of terraces:(1) Through visual interpretation, the study recognized the terraces based on the spatial adjusted remote sensing image (2010 Geoeye-1 with resolution of 1m/pix), and extracted topographic feature (elevation, slope, aspect, etc.) based on the digital elevation model with resolution of 20m/pix. The terraces cover a total area of about 11.58Km2, accounted for 24.4% of the whole study area. The terraces appear at range from 1400m to 1800m in elevation, 10°to 20°in slope, northwest to northeast in aspect; (2) Using the method of weight of evidence, this study assessed the importance of different topographic feature. The results show that the sort of importance: elevation>slope>aspect; (3) The study counted the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) changes of terraces throughout the year, based on the landsat-5 image with resolution of 30m/pix. The results show that the changes of terraces' NDVI are bigger than other stuff (e.g. forest, road, house, etc.). Those work made a good preparations for establishing the dynamic remote sensing monitoring system of Yuan Yang terraces.

  18. Yuan Longping, Hybrid Rice, and the Meaning of Science in the Cultural Revolution and Beyond.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmalzer, Sigrid

    2017-09-01

    This paper uses the case of hybrid rice to chart changes in the meanings science has carried in China from the Mao era to today. It begins by using Chinese journal articles to reconstruct the 1970s development of hybrid rice technology by a network of diverse historical actors. It then documents the emergence during the Hua Guofeng era (1976-1978) of a historical narrative of hybrid rice centered on the figures of Yuan Longping and Hua Guofeng. Finally, it surveys post-1978 biographies of Yuan Longping to identify changes and continuities in scientific values. The paper demonstrates that, although the reform era has witnessed the replacement of most of the Maoist vision of mass (or tu) science with a vision far more consistent with the values of international, professional (yang) science, the legacy of the Mao era can still be seen in a continued emphasis on certain aspects of Mao Zedong Thought, a strong narrative of nationalist triumphalism, and a celebration of Yuan Longping as an "intellectual peasant." Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  19. Governing Civil Service Pay in China, by Alfred M. Wu. Copenhagen: NIAS Press, 2014. xvi+236 pp

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brødsgaard, Kjeld Erik

    2016-01-01

    Book review of: Governing Civil Service Pay in China by Alfred M. Wu. Copenhagen: NIAS Press, 2014.......Book review of: Governing Civil Service Pay in China by Alfred M. Wu. Copenhagen: NIAS Press, 2014....

  20. Chien-Shiung Wu: An Icon of Physicist and Woman Scientist in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Yuelin

    2014-03-01

    Chien-Shiung Wu, the first female president of APS, is a well-known figure in China, a figure who serves as an inspiration for youths, especially young women, to study science and particularly physics. In this presentation, a historical perspective will be used to show how such an icon was formed. Born in 1912, the year of the Republic Revolution, Wu was in the first generation of physicists in China and her college mentor was a student of Marie Curie. When Wu came to the U.S. for graduate studies in the 1930s, it was a ``golden age'' for nuclear physics, and the invention of the cyclotron by E. O. Lawrence put UC Berkeley at the frontier. Wu was trained there, with Lawrence as her advisor, and later became an expert in Beta-decay. In 1956, Wu conceived and initiated the experiment of Cobalt-60, which, together with other two experiments, eventually proved the asymmetry of parity in weak-interactions, a hypothesis proposed by T. D. Lee and C. N. Yang. The importance of the experiment gained Wu an enormous reputation which spread even to China, when this was a period of hostility in Sino-American relations, and near total isolation due to the Cold-War. Wu was the daughter of a revolutionary, and an activist in college in patriotic student movements, and she combined this background with her scientific career as the way of ``Saving China with Science,'' a common belief reflecting the Zeitgeist of her time. Although she spent most of her life in the U.S., Wu never wavered in her love for or loyalty to her motherland. Her patriotism, as well as her scientific achievement, made Wu a legend in China, being called ``the Chinese Madam Curie.'' Even during the Cultural Revolution, a novel supposedly taking Wu as the original model was very popular in underground circles, widely spread by hand-written-copies. From 1979-1988, the CUSPEA program enrolled hundreds of China's best graduate students into physics departments in American universities. Although Wu herself was not

  1. Analysing the Wu metric on a class of eggs in Cn – II

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Indian Acad. Sci. (Math. Sci.) Vol. 127, No. 3, June 2017, pp. 463–470. DOI 10.1007/s12044-017-0330-y. Analysing the Wu metric on a class of eggs in Cn – II ... In general, the Wu met- ric may fail to be upper ... metric on E2m. Note that E2m is a balanced pseudoconvex domain in Cn and hence the. Kobayashi metric at the ...

  2. Ren and Yuan: a cultural interpretation of Chinese women's responses to battering.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tiwari, A; Wong, M; Ip, H

    2001-12-01

    The purpose of the study was to examine women's responses to battering within the context of Chinese culture. The stories of 11 Chinese women living in Hong Kong formed the basis of the inquiry. Analysis of the women's accounts revealed Chinese values in their responses to battering: they adopted ren, or endurance, as a coping mechanism and used Yuan, or predestination, as an explanation for their failed relationship. The resilience and resourcefulness of the women are clearly demonstrated in the strategies they employed to cope with the abuse. Their responses to battering were purposeful and varied according to the status of their relationship.

  3. The yuan-dollar parity and its effects on Mexico's exports of manufacturing goods

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Víctor Manuel Cuevas Ahumada

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper evaluates the impact of Chinese exchange rate policy on Mexican manufacturing exports in the US market. To that end, an amplified export function which combines demandand supply-side variables is estimated. The empirical evidence shows that, in the long run, a real depreciation of the yuan visà- vis the US dollar reduces Mexican manufacturing sales in the US. The econometric work also suggests that lowering unit labor costs, perhaps by means of a comprehensive and coherent training policy package, could serve the purpose of offsetting the negative effects of an undervalued Chinese currency.

  4. Double soft limit of the graviton amplitude from the Cachazo-He-Yuan formalism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saha, Arnab Priya

    2017-08-01

    We present a complete analysis for double soft limit of graviton scattering amplitude using the formalism proposed by Cachazo, He, and Yuan. Our results agree with that obtained via Britto-Cachazo-Feng-Witten (BCFW) recursion relations in [T. Klose, T. McLoughlin, D. Nandan, J. Plefka, and G. Travaglini, Double-soft limits of gluons and gravitons, J. High Energy Phys. 07 (2015) 135., 10.1007/JHEP07(2015)135]. In addition we find precise relations between degenerate and nondegenerate solutions of scattering equations with local and nonlocal terms in the soft factor.

  5. Ray Wu as Fifth Business: Deconstructing collective memory in the history of DNA sequencing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Onaga, Lisa A

    2014-06-01

    The concept of 'Fifth Business' is used to analyze a minority standpoint and bring serious attention to the role of scientists who play a galvanizing role in a science but for multiple reasons appear less prominently in more common recounts of any particular development. Biochemist Ray Wu (1928-2008) published a DNA sequencing experiment in March 1970 using DNA polymerase catalysis and specific nucleotide labeling, both of which are foundational to general sequencing methods today. The scant mention of Wu's work from textbooks, research articles, and other accounts of DNA sequencing calls into question how scientific collective memory forms. This alternative history seeks to understand why a key figure in nucleic acid sequence analysis has remained less visibly connected or peripheral to solidifying narratives about the history of DNA sequencing. The study resists predictable dismissals of Wu's work in order to seriously examine the formation of his nucleic acid sequence analysis research program and how he shared his knowledge of sequencing during a period of rapid advancement in the field. An analysis of Wu's work on sequencing the cohesive ends of lambda bacteriophage in the 1960s and 1970s exemplifies how a variety of individuals and groups attempted to develop protocol for sequencing the order of nucleotide base pairs comprising DNA. This historical examination of the sociality of scientific research suggests a way to understand how Wu and others contributed to the very collective memory of DNA sequencing that Wu eventually tried to repair. The study of Wu, who was a Chinese immigrant to the United States, provides a foundation for further critical scholarship on the heterogeneous histories of Asian American bioscientists, the sociality of their scientific works, and how the resulting knowledge produced is preserved, if not evenly, in a scientific field's collective memory. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  6. [Exploration of action and significance of yuan-source point for clinical diagnosis based on literature metrology].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Du, Ting; Ren, Yulan; Sun, Tianxiao; Lai, Zhenhong; Liang, Fanrong

    2016-08-12

    Modern literature on the physical property of the yuan-source point were collected from Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure(CNKI) and China Biology Medicine(CBM) databases. The physical property,relevant diseases and yuan-source acupoints were analyzed through statistical analysis of literature metrology. It is considered that articles on the electrical resistance of acupoint account for the largest part,which are mainly related to hyperthyreosis and the change of menstrual cycle. The second part is radiation spectrum,which are mostly relevant to the coronary heart disease and then the physiological change of healthy people. As to the diseases,articles of cardiovascular diseases are taken the most proportion,which were treated with the 12 yuan-source points,Shenmen(HT 7) and Daling(PC 7). Also,the results present the physical property of yuan-source acupoints in the yin meridians is more sensitive to diseases and the physical property is specific to diseases. Besides,the yuan-source acupoint can show the pathological changes of its own meridian.

  7. The Hintermann-Merlini-Baxter-Wu and the infinite-coupling-limit Ashkin-Teller models

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Huang Yuan, E-mail: huangy22@mail.ustc.edu.cn [Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at Microscale and Department of Modern Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026 (China); Deng Youjin, E-mail: yjdeng@ustc.edu.cn [Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at Microscale and Department of Modern Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026 (China); Jacobsen, Jesper Lykke, E-mail: jacobsen@lpt.ens.fr [Laboratoire de Physique Theorique, Ecole Normale Superieure, 24 rue Lhomond, 75231 Paris (France); Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, 4 place Jussieu, 75252 Paris (France); Salas, Jesus, E-mail: jsalas@math.uc3m.es [Grupo de Modelizacion, Simulacion Numerica y Matematica Industrial, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Avda. de la Universidad 30, 28911 Leganes (Spain); Grupo de Teorias de Campos y Fisica Estadistica, Instituto Gregorio Millan, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Unidad asociada al IEM-CSIC, Madrid (Spain)

    2013-03-11

    We show how the Hintermann-Merlini-Baxter-Wu model (which is a generalization of the well-known Baxter-Wu model to a general Eulerian triangulation) can be mapped onto a particular infinite-coupling-limit of the Ashkin-Teller model. We work out some mappings among these models, also including the standard and mixed Ashkin-Teller models. Finally, we compute the phase diagram of the infinite-coupling-limit Ashkin-Teller model on the square, triangular, hexagonal, and kagome lattices.

  8. [Inheritance of academic idea and experience about using traditional Chinese medicine from JIN Shi-yuan].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jin, Yan; Luo, Rong; Huang, Lu-Qi

    2014-08-01

    Professor Jin Shi-yuan has been worked in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) over 70 years. He made prominent contributions in identification, processing, dispensing of TCM and reasonable use proprietary Chinese medicine. In over 70 years, he has mastered herbal medicine and traditional Chinese Medicine. It is also professor JIN's academic characteristic. Professor JIN's practical experiences were summarized according to the current situation about clinical medication, change of species of Juhong and Chenpi has been different from species of medical history. The quality is lower than before. Medicinal parts of Danggui, Gancao, Huangqin and Wuyao has been changed. So the actions of these herbal medicines have been changed also. Fresh herbal Qianchangpu has disappeared but it should be used clinically. Medical history, change of species, change of medicinal part, and change of preparing process in professor JIN's academic idea were be summarized periodically. The result is hoped to be referred by administration, manufacture, medical treatment of TCM.

  9. Analysis of traditional knowledge in medicinal plants used by Yuan in Thailand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inta, Angkhana; Trisonthi, Paritat; Trisonthi, Chusie

    2013-08-26

    We studied traditional knowledge of medicinal plants use of the Yuan in northern Thailand, documenting and analysing traditional medical practices and its trend in the younger generations. To providing useful information for appropriate and sustainable management under the urbanization and other developments and use of natural resources in their communities. In addition, traditional medicinal plant used, and knowledge that leads to discovery of new medicines can be promoted. Traditional medicinal plant knowledge of the Yuan in Lamphun province was studied from October 2009 through September 2011 in order to determine the important medicinal plant species and dominant use-categories in 5 villages. In each village, questionnaire interviews about medicinal plants uses were applied to 30 informants (5 informants per each of six stratified age groups). The relative importance of plant species was captured by calculation of use value (UV). Likewise, the dominant use-categories were determined by calculation of the informant agreement ratio (IAR). Correlations between informants' age and number of medicinal plants known by them were determined with the coefficient of determination (R(2)). A total of 93 medicinal plant species in 82 genera and 49 families were recorded in the five villages. The most important species of medicinal plants were Aloe vera (L.) Burm.f., Andrographis paniculata Ness, Chromolaena odorata (L.) R.M.King and H.Rob., Jatropha podagrica Hook., and Thunbergia laurifolia Lindl. which had UVs of 1.02, 1.01, 0.75, 0.71, and 0.65, respectively. Likewise, the most dominant use-categories were injuries, which accounted for 0.91 of the IAR. The age of informants and medicinal plants reported by each of them were positively correlated (R(2)=0.96, pmedicinal plant knowledge is used for treating basic ailments. However we should be concerned that there is an imminent danger that it will be lost in the near future because their lifestyle was changing. Copyright

  10. Estimate of Equilibrium Real Exchange Rate and Misalignment of Chinese Yuan Vis-a-Vis US Dollar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Atabani Adi Agya

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The paper examines the misalignment in equilibrium real exchange rate of Chinese Yuan against US dollar. The data covered the period of 1980-2014, it used Vector Autoregressive model, the variables are not stationary at level and became stationary after first differencing and there were three co-integration vectors. The long run coefficients have expected sign except for interest rate differential and are significant at 5 percent significance level. The speed of adjustment of real exchange rate to it equilibrium indicated that the disequilibrium in the last period are corrected by 87 percent each year and highly significant. The Yuan was overvalued by 4 percent, from 1981-1990 and in1990 it was undervalue about 4 percent and move back to equilibrium, the highest overvaluation was in 1993 up to 13 percent from equilibrium value and undervalue in 1994 by 14 percent which was the highest level of undervaluation, between 1996 to 2005 the Yuan was relatively within it equilibrium and slightly over value to 3.8 percent in 2008 back to long time path in 2011 and relatively undervalue by 1-3 percent since 2012, in general the Yuan is not substantially undervalue as claims in some studies both theoretical and empirical estimation and the movement in the exchange rate are consistent with economic fundamental of China.

  11. Study on elemental features of Longquan celadon at Fengdongyan kiln site in Yuan and Ming Dynasties by EDXRF

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Li, L. [Key Laboratory of Nuclear Analysis Techniques, Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 19 Yu Quan Lu, Beijing 100049 (China); Feng, S.L., E-mail: fengsl@ihep.ac.cn [Key Laboratory of Nuclear Analysis Techniques, Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 19 Yu Quan Lu, Beijing 100049 (China); Feng, X.Q.; Xu, Q.; Yan, L.T.; Ma, B.; Liu, L. [Key Laboratory of Nuclear Analysis Techniques, Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 19 Yu Quan Lu, Beijing 100049 (China)

    2012-12-01

    The energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence (EDXRF) is used to determine the chemical compositions of Longquan celadon body and glaze at Fengdongyan kiln in Yuan and Ming Dynasties. In order to analyze the elemental features in different cultural periods, 196 typical Longquan celadon shards are selected including the Early Yuan (EY), the Middle and Late Yuan (MLY), the Early Ming (EM) and the Middle Ming (MM) periods. The results indicate that the contents of K{sub 2}O, CaO, TiO{sub 2} and Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} for celadon body and glaze are various in different cultural periods. The b values b=RO/(RO+R{sub 2}O), RO represents for alkali-earth metal elements and R{sub 2}O stands for alkali metal elements) show that the glazes of Longquan celadon in Yuan and Ming Dynasties belong to the category of calcium-alkali glaze. The principal component analysis (PCA) exhibits that the raw materials used for body and glaze in four periods have the inheritance relation. The only difference is that the raw materials for glaze in MM period were similar to those in EM period. The producing and firing technology of Longquan celadon had reached a higher level in the Early Ming Dynasty.

  12. Analysing the Wu metric on a class of eggs in Cn–I

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ∣ z 1 ∣ 2 m + ∣ z 2 ∣ 2 + ⋯ + ∣ z n − 1 ∣ 2 + ∣ z n ∣ 2 < 1 } , where m ≥ 1 / 2 , m ≠ 1 . The Wu metric is shown to be real analytic everywhere except on a lower dimensional subvariety where it fails to be C 2 -smooth. Overall however, the ...

  13. Thinking of the safety application of TCM By You Gu Wu Yun , A ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: You Gu Wu Yun (有故无殒), a Chinese ancient medicine application principle, has played an important role in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) clinical practice so far. Materials and Methods: It emphasized that disease, medicine and treatment method were interconnecting and the relationship among these ...

  14. WU Polyomavirus in Respiratory Epithelial Cells from Lung Transplant Patient with Job Syndrome

    OpenAIRE

    Siebrasse, Erica A.; Pastrana, Diana V.; Nguyen, Nang L.; Wang, Annie; Roth, Mark J.; Holland, Steven M.; Freeman, Alexandra F.; McDyer, John; Buck, Christopher B.; Wang, David,

    2015-01-01

    We detected WU polyomavirus (WUPyV) in a bronchoalveolar lavage sample from lungs transplanted into a recipient with Job syndrome by using immunoassays specific for the WUPyV viral protein 1. Co-staining for an epithelial cell marker identified most WUPyV viral protein 1?positive cells as respiratory epithelial cells.

  15. Strength-based Supervision: Frameworks, Current Practice, and Future Directions A Wu-wei Method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edwards, Jeffrey K.; Chen, Mei-Whei

    1999-01-01

    Discusses a method of counseling supervision similar to the wu-wei practice in Zen and Taoism. Suggests that this strength-based method and an understanding of isomorphy in supervisory relationships are the preferred practice for the supervision of family counselors. States that this model of supervision potentiates the person-of-the-counselor.…

  16. Phase transitions in self-dual generalizations of the Baxter-Wu model

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Deng, Y.; Guo, W.; Heringa, J.R.; Blöte, H.W.J.; Nienhuis, B.

    2010-01-01

    We study two types of generalized Baxter-Wu models, by means of transfer-matrix and Monte Carlo techniques. The first generalization allows for different couplings in the up- and down-triangles, and the second generalization is to a q-state spin model with three-spin interactions. Both

  17. Impact of Mézières Rehabilitative Method in Patients with Parkinson’s Disease: A Randomized Controlled Trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teresa Paolucci

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of Mézières method in improving trunk flexibility of the back muscles and balance in patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD. Materials and Methods. Thirty-six patients were randomized into 2 groups: the Mézières treatment group and the control group (home exercise group. The primary outcome was the improvement in balance per the Berg Balance Scale (BBS and the trunk flexibility of the back for the anterior flexion trunk test. Also, we evaluated pain, gait balance for the Functional Gait Assessment (FGA, disease-related disability for the Modified Parkinson’s Activity Scale and the Unified Parkinson’s Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS, the quality of life, and the functional exercise capacity. All the measures were evaluated at baseline (T0, at the end of the rehabilitative program (T1, and at the 12-week follow-up (T2. Results. In the Mézières group, the BBS (p<.001 and trunk flexion test (p<.001 improved significantly at T1 and remained the same at T2. Between groups, significant changes were reported in FGA (p=.027 and UPDRS Total (p=.007 at T1 and in FGA (p=.03 at T2. Conclusion. The Mézières approach is efficacious in improving the flexibility of the trunk and balance in PD patients.

  18. Cultivating a "Jian Zi": Exploring an Art Teacher's Responsive Pedagogy for the Development of Art Talent in Taiwan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Wei-Ren

    2017-01-01

    This qualitative case study explored the operational curricula of an art teacher's responsive pedagogy that focused on the differentiation aspects for artistically talented students in an elementary school in Taiwan. Findings indicate that cultivating a "Jian Zi" is the heart of the value system embedded in the art teacher's responsive…

  19. Comparison of Leica ADS40 and Z/I imaging DMC high-resolution airborne sensors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Craig, John C.

    2005-01-01

    The Leica ADS40 is a line scanning sensor that collects stereo panchromatic imagery and 4 discrete multispectral bands in a 12,000 pixel-wide swath. The Z/I Imaging DMC is a frame based sensor that produces 13,824x7,680 pixel panchromatic images and 3072x2048 pixel multispectral images, which are normally pan sharpened to produce high resolution RGB and color infrared products. The suitability of the two systems for multispectral remote sensing and photogrammetric applications are compared, and contrasted with other film and digital alternatives. Results indicate that the DMC has an advantage for large scale photogrammetry applications, and the ADS40 is superior for remote sensing applications.

  20. Development of digital sideband separating down-conversion for Yuan-Tseh Lee Array

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Chao-Te; Kubo, Derek; Cheng, Jen-Chieh; Kuroda, John; Srinivasan, Ranjani; Ho, Solomon; Guzzino, Kim; Chen, Ming-Tang

    2016-07-01

    This report presents a down-conversion method involving digital sideband separation for the Yuan-Tseh Lee Array (YTLA) to double the processing bandwidth. The receiver consists of a MMIC HEMT LNA front end operating at a wavelength of 3 mm, and sub-harmonic mixers that output signals at intermediate frequencies (IFs) of 2-18 GHz. The sideband separation scheme involves an analog 90° hybrid followed by two mixers that provide down-conversion of the IF signal to a pair of in-phase (I) and quadrature (Q) signals in baseband. The I and Q baseband signals are digitized using 5 Giga sample per second (Gsps) analog-to-digital converters (ADCs). A second hybrid is digitally implemented using field-programmable gate arrays (FPGAs) to produce two sidebands, each with a bandwidth of 1.6 GHz. The 2 x 1.6 GHz band can be tuned to cover any 3.6 GHz window within the aforementioned IF range of the array. Sideband rejection ratios (SRRs) above 20 dB can be obtained across the 3.6 GHz bandwidth by equalizing the power and delay between the I and Q baseband signals. Furthermore, SRRs above 30 dB can be achieved when calibration is applied.

  1. Chondroprotective Effects and Multitarget Mechanisms of Fu Yuan Capsule in a Rat Osteoarthritis Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li Zeng

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Fu Yuan Capsule (FYC has been clinically used for osteoarthritis (OA and its related diseases for many years in China. However, its pharmacological mechanism remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the potential chondroprotective effects of FYC on articular cartilage. Rat OA model was induced by anterior cruciate ligament transection. A group of rats was treated with FYC for 12 weeks. Joint structure, types I and II collagen, and proteoglycan were evaluated by histological examination. The expression of C-terminal crosslinking telopeptide of type II collagen, hydroxyproline, a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin motifs, matrix metalloproteinase, interleukin-1 beta, nitric oxide, prostaglandin E2, heat-shock protein 70, transforming growth factor-beta, osteoprotegerin, and receptor activator of nuclear factor κB ligand were detected. Treatment with FYC could protect against articular cartilage injury. FYC treatment significantly decreased the extracellular matrix degradation factors and inflammatory mediators. Moreover, articular cartilage protective factors were increased in the FYC group. The current finding suggests that FYC protects articular cartilage in a rat OA model through various ways. Thus, it may be an effective agent for OA treatment.

  2. Numerical evidence for quadrupolar-octopolar order in RETM{sub 2}(Al,Zi){sub 20}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Attig, Jan [Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Cologne (Germany); Tse, Darrell; Lee, Eric Kin-Ho; Paramekanti, Arun; Kim, Yong Baek [Department of Physics, University of Toronto, ON (Canada)

    2016-07-01

    Motivated by recent experiments on materials of the type RETM{sub 2}(Al,Zi){sub 20} (where RE is a rare earth and TM a transition metal element) we investigate a minimal model for the pseudo-spin degrees of freedom of the rare earth ions. The model is described by J1-J2 pseudo-spin interactions in three-dimensions where the XY part models quadrupolar order and the Ising part models octopolar order. We use various computational methods such as simulating annealing to find the zero temperature phase digram and investigate further by using single-spin flip Monte Carlo simulations for finite temperature. One notable finding is the existence of non-coplanar spiral ordering of pseudo-spins, which may explain some of the experimental data on the electronic ordering in RETM{sub 2}(Al,Zi){sub 20}.

  3. [Coix lachryma jobi L varma-yuan induces apoptosis of jurkat cell line in acute T lymphoblast leukemia and its mechanism].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yao, Gen-Hong; Zhang, Guo-Dong; Luan, Jian-Feng; Ye, Dong; Yan, Jin-Mei; Zhu, Pei-Yuan; Lei, Qian-Hong

    2009-08-01

    The aim of the present study was to investigate the anti-proliferation and pro-apoptosis effect of Coix lachrymajobi L varma-yuan on acute T lymphoblast leukemia cell line Jurkat cells and its mechanism. Jurkat cells were treated with Coix lachrymajobi L varma-yuan of various concentrations (0, 0.4, 0.8, 1.6 mg/ml) for 24h. The inhibitory ratio was measured by Cell Counting Kit-8. The effects of Coix lachrymajobi L varma-yuan on apoptosis of Jurkat cells were determined by Hoechst 33258, PI and Annexin V-FITC/PI double staining. The mitochondrial membrane potential was analyzed by JC-1 staining. The results demonstrated that Coix lachrymajobi L varma-yuan inhibited the proliferation of Jurkat cells, and induced chromatin condensation and fragmentation (characteristic of apoptosis) and loss of mitochondrial membrane potential. In conclusion, Coix lachrymajobi L varma-yuan can inhibit the cell proliferation and induce the apoptosis of Jurkat cells. These effects relate to loss of mitochondrial membrane potential. These results suggest that Coix lachrymajobi L varma-yuan may be of value in treating lymphoma.

  4. Ignition delay time correlation of fuel blends based on Livengood-Wu description

    KAUST Repository

    Khaled, Fathi

    2017-08-17

    In this work, a universal methodology for ignition delay time (IDT) correlation of multicomponent fuel mixtures is reported. The method is applicable over wide ranges of temperatures, pressures, and equivalence ratios. n-Heptane, iso-octane, toluene, ethanol and their blends are investigated in this study because of their relevance to gasoline surrogate formulation. The proposed methodology combines benefits from the Livengood-Wu integral, the cool flame characteristics and the Arrhenius behavior of the high-temperature ignition delay time to suggest a simple and comprehensive formulation for correlating the ignition delay times of pure components and blends. The IDTs of fuel blends usually have complex dependences on temperature, pressure, equivalence ratio and composition of the blend. The Livengood-Wu integral is applied here to relate the NTC region and the cool flame phenomenon. The integral is further extended to obtain a relation between the IDTs of fuel blends and pure components. Ignition delay times calculated using the proposed methodology are in excellent agreement with those simulated using a detailed chemical kinetic model for n-heptane, iso-octane, toluene, ethanol and blends of these components. Finally, very good agreement is also observed for combustion phasing in homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) predictions between simulations performed with detailed chemistry and calculations using the developed ignition delay correlation.

  5. Phylogeography of Sophora moorcroftiana Supports Wu's Hypothesis on the Origin of Tibetan Alpine Flora.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, Shanmei; Qiong, La; Lu, Fan; Yonezawa, Takahiro; Yin, Ganqiang; Song, Zhiping; Wang, Yuguo; Yang, Ji; Zhang, Wenju

    2017-06-01

    Wu hypothesized that the Tibetan flora originated mostly from the paleotropical Tertiary flora in the Hengduan Mountains by adapting to the cold and arid environments associated with the strong uplift of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (QTP). Here, we combine the phylogeographic history of Sophora moorcroftiana with that of Sophora davidii to explore the speciation of S. moorcroftiana to test this hypothesis. We collected 151 individuals from 17 populations and sequenced 2 chloroplast fragments and the internal transcribed spacer of rDNA. Five chlorotypes and 9 ribotypes were detected but no significant phylogeographic structure was revealed. The integrated results of phylogeographic studies of these 2 species clearly support the progenitor-derivative relationship between them. We infer that the western peripheral population of S. davidii migrated westwards from the Hengduan Mountains to the middle reaches of the Yarlung Zangbo River and differentiated from its ancestor in the process of adaptation to increasingly cold and arid environments with the uplift of the QTP and finally evolved into S. moorcroftiana during the Late Pliocene. In addition, our findings shed light on the idea that natural selection, as imposed by climate differentiation (especially mean diurnal range and precipitation seasonality), directly drove this peripatric speciation event after geographic isolation. The speciation of S. moorcroftiana is a strong case supporting Wu's hypothesis about the origin of Tibet's flora. © The American Genetic Association 2017. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  6. Gene identification and functional analysis of methylcitrate synthase in citric acid-producing Aspergillus niger WU-2223L.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kobayashi, Keiichi; Hattori, Takasumi; Honda, Yuki; Kirimura, Kohtaro

    2013-01-01

    Methylcitrate synthase (EC 2.3.3.5; MCS) is a key enzyme of the methylcitric acid cycle localized in the mitochondria of eukaryotic cells and related to propionic acid metabolism. In this study, cloning of the gene mcsA encoding MCS and heterologous expression of it in Escherichia coli were performed for functional analysis of the MCS of citric acid-producing Aspergillus niger WU-2223L. Only one copy of mcsA (1,495 bp) exists in the A. niger WU-2223L chromosome. It encodes a 51-kDa polypeptide consisting of 465 amino acids containing mitochondrial targeting signal peptides. Purified recombinant MCS showed not only MCS activity (27.6 U/mg) but also citrate synthase (EC 2.3.3.1; CS) activity (26.8 U/mg). For functional analysis of MCS, mcsA disruptant strain DMCS-1, derived from A. niger WU-2223L, was constructed. Although A. niger WU-2223L showed growth on propionate as sole carbon source, DMCS-1 showed no growth. These results suggest that MCS is an essential enzyme in propionic acid metabolism, and that the methylcitric acid cycle operates functionally in A. niger WU-2223L. To determine whether MCS makes a contribution to citric acid production, citric acid production tests on DMCS-1 were performed. The amount of citric acid produced from glucose consumed by DMCS-1 in citric acid production medium over 12 d of cultivation was on the same level to that by WU-2223L. Thus it was found that MCS made no contribution to citric acid production from glucose in A. niger WU-2223L, although MCS showed CS activity.

  7. Memoria, trauma e mitopoiesi: Lawrence d'Arabia e Stella del mattino di Wu Ming 4

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emanuela Piga

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available This article reconsiders the narrative construnction of the historical novel in the light of recent critical debates. Bearing in mind the overarching theme of the hybridization of the historiographic and literary genres, the article examines in detail Wu Ming 4’s solo novel, Stella del mattino (2008. In this work, the rewriting of real, once existing historical characters follows a thread of verisimilitude against the backdrop of meticulously reconstructed historical scenarios. By focusing on the use of history, allegory and myth in the novel, the aim of this study is to examine the narration of the overcoming of Trauma of the First World War through the therapeutic value of writing. In so doing, emphasis is given to passages in which the reader is able to grasp, between  the scattered fragments of history, moments of the utopian impetus, thanks to the narration of communal moments of being and everyday life practices.

  8. Metabolism of Quercetin and Naringenin by Food-Grade Fungal Inoculum, Rhizopus azygosporus Yuan et Jong (ATCC 48108).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonzales, Gerard Bryan; Smagghe, Guy; Wittevrongel, Jens; Huynh, Nguyen Thai; Van Camp, John; Raes, Katleen

    2016-12-14

    Rhizopus azygosporus Yuan et Jong (ATCC 48108), a starter culture for fermented soybean tempeh, produces β-glucosidases that cleave flavonoid glycosides into aglycones during fermentation. However, recent data suggest that fermentation of a flavonoid glycoside-rich extract with this strain did not result in the production of aglycones. Thus, in this paper, flavonoid metabolism of this strain was investigated. Incubation of flavonoid aglycones, naringenin and quercetin, with R. azygosporus resulted in the production of flavonoid glucosyl-, hydroxyl-, and sulfo-conjugated derivatives. Naringenin was completely metabolized within 96 h into eriodictyol sulfate and eriodictyol glucoside, whereas quercetin was partially metabolized into quercetin glucoside, diglucoside, sulfate, and glucosyl-sulfate. Most of these metabolites were found to be excreted by the fungi into the culture medium. Toxicity analysis revealed that incubation with both quercetin and naringenin did not exert inhibitory effects on fungal growth. This study presents an interesting mechanism of fungal detoxification of flavonoids in foods.

  9. A Response to Professor Wu Zongjie's "Interpretation, Autonomy, and Transformation: Chinese Pedagogic Discourse in a Cross-Cultural Perspective"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curran, Thomas D.

    2014-01-01

    In response to an essay by Prof Wu Zongjie that was published in the "Journal of Curriculum Studies" [43(5), (2011), 569-590], I argue that, despite dramatic changes that have taken place in the language of Chinese academic discourse and pedagogy, evidence derived from the fields of psychology and the history of Chinese educational…

  10. 31 july 2014 - H. WU Ambassador Permanent Representative of the People's Republic of China to the United Nations

    CERN Multimedia

    Egli, Laurent

    2014-01-01

    His Excellency Mr Hailong WU Ambassador Permanent Representative of the People's Republic of China to the United Nations Office at Geneva and other international organizations in Switzerland visiting the ATLAS cavern with ATLAS Spokesperson D. Charlton and the LHC tunnel at Point 1 with Technology Department, Vacuum, Surfaces and Coatings Group P. Cruikshank.

  11. Taxonomic Relationship between Tylototriton daweishanensis Zhao, Rao, Liu, Li and Yuan, 2012 and T. yangi Hou, Li and Lu, 2012 (Amphibia: Urodela: Salamandridae)

    OpenAIRE

    Nishikawa, Kanto; Rao, Ding-Qi; MATSUI, MASAFUMI; Eto, Koshiro

    2015-01-01

    We assessed taxonomic relationship of Tylototriton daweishanensis Zhao, Rao, Liu, Li and Yuan, 2012 and T. yangi Hou, Li and Lu, 2012 using mitochondrial DNA sequence data and found them to be as closely related as to be regarded as conspecific. This result, together with available morphological information, strongly indicates that T. daweishanensis is a junior synonym of T. Yangi.

  12. UPLC-QTOF-MS with chemical profiling approach for rapidly evaluating chemical consistency between traditional and dispensing granule decoctions of Tao-Hong-Si-Wu decoction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shang Erxin

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In the present study, chemical consistency between traditional and dispensing granule decoctions of Tao-Hong-Si-Wu decoction was rapidly evaluated by UPLC-QTOF-MS coupled with the MarkerLynx software. Two different kinds of decoctions, namely traditional decoction: water extract of mixed six constituent herbs of Tao-Hong-Si-Wu decoction, and dispensing granules decoction: mixed water extract of each individual herbs of Tao-Hong-Si-Wu decoction, were prepared. Results Chemical difference was found between traditional and dispensing granule decoctions, and albiflorin, paeoniflorin, gallic acid, amygdalin, and hydroxysafflor yellow A were identified as the significantly changed components during decocting Tao-Hong-Si-Wu decoction. All the peaks of mass spectrum from Tao-Hong-Si-Wu decoction and each herb were extracted and integration by using QuanLynx™. And the optimized data was used for linear regression analysis. The contribution of each herb in Tao-Hong-Si-Wu decoction, and the optimal compatibility proportion of dispensing granule decoction were derived from the linear regression equation. Conclusions The optimal dosage proportionality of Tao-Hong-Si-Wu dispensing granule decoction was obtained as 2.5:0.2:1:0.5:0.6:0.1 (DG : CX : BS : SD : TR : HH, which guided better clinic application of Tao-Hong-Si-Wu decoction as dispensing granule decoctions usage, and it also provided some experimental data to reveal the compatibility rule of the relative TCM formulae.

  13. A hatalmi átalakulás globális megatrendje és a nemzetközi marketing

    OpenAIRE

    Rekettye, Gábor

    2016-01-01

    A nemzetközi marketing művelése a világgazdasági változások következtében gyors növekedésben van, és ebből következően jelentősége az elméletben, a kutatásban és az oktatásban is egyre nő. A tanulmány a nemzetközi kereskedelem jelenlegi és várható adatainak felhasználásával bizonyítja ezt a trendet. A nemzetközi kereskedelem, gyorsabban nő, mint a GDP előállítása, ehhez társul még az a tény, hogy egyre bővülnek az árumozgással nem járó piacralépési módok, amelyek szintén a nemzetközi marketin...

  14. Functional Integral Approach to Parisi-Wu Stochastic Quantization and Related Problems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gozzi, Ennio

    A path-integral formulation is given of the Parisi -Wu method of stochastic quantization. The connection between the Langevin and Fokker-Planck equations is rederived in functional form bringing to light new aspects of these equations. The relation between this functional method and the recent approach by De-Alfaro-Fubini-Furlan is clarified. In particular we present the non-local transformation that connects the two formulations. In this dissertation we also investigate the hidden supersymmetry recently discovered by Parisi and Sourlas in Langevin processes. The Kelvin relations, for diffusion processes out of equilibrium, are shown to be a necessary and sufficient condition to have supersymmetry. This proves that this symmetry is a manifestation, at the path-integral level, of the Onsager principle of microreversibility present in the stochastic process. We analyze, in particular, the interesting interplay between forward and backward Fokker-Planck dynamics and, as an application, we rederive the fluctuation-dissipation theorem as a Ward-identity of this supersymmetry.

  15. Upper respiratory tract tumors in Cpb:WU (Wistar random) rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feron, V J; Woutersen, R A; van Garderen-Hoetmer, A; Dreef-van der Meulen, H C

    1990-01-01

    A survey is given of upper respiratory tract tumors in Cpb:WU (Wistar random) rats. Data were collected from ten 24- to 30-month toxicity/carcinogenicity studies and from one 12-month study. Nasal tumors may lead to dyspnea, mouth breathing, and nasal discharge. These clinical signs mainly occurred in rats bearing squamous cell carcinomas. The large nasal tumors were often osteolytic, they invaded the subcutis over the premaxilla, resulting in swellings on the back of the nose, and extended into the brain. The incidence of nasal tumors in untreated male controls was 1.1% (7/661), the tumors invariably being squamous cell carcinomas. There were no nasal tumors found in untreated female controls. The type of compound-induced nasal tumor most frequently observed was adenocarcinoma (of the olfactory epithelium) followed, in order of decreasing incidence, by squamous cell carcinoma, carcinoma in situ, polypoid adenoma, Schwannoma, and carcinosarcoma. It was proposed that adenocarcinomas of the olfactory epithelium should be classified as neuroepitheliomas. It was also suggested that squamous cell carcinomas, seen in association with necrotizing inflammation of an incisor tooth, should be considered as part of the malocclusion syndrome. No spontaneous tracheal tumors were observed, and only one out of 422 untreated female controls (0.2%) was seen to have a laryngeal tumor, an adenoma. Induced laryngeal tumors included carcinoma in situ, squamous cell carcinoma, and adenocarcinoma. Squamous cell carcinoma was the only type of treatment-related tracheal tumor found. The incidences of induced laryngeal and tracheal tumors were very low, and in no case were these tumors statistically significantly different from the respective incidences in controls. Images PLATE 1. PLATE 2. PLATE 3. PLATE 4. PLATE 5. PLATE 6. PLATE 7. PLATE 8. PLATE 9. PLATE 10. PLATE 11. PLATE 12. PLATE 13. PLATE 14. PLATE 15. PMID:2384064

  16. No evidence for WU polyomavirus infection in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ringshausen Felix C

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Human polyomaviruses are known to cause persistent or latent infections, which are reactivated under immunosuppression. Polyomaviruses have been found to immortalize cell lines and to possess oncogenic properties. Moreover, the recently discovered Merkel cell polyomavirus shows a strong association with human Merkel cell carcinomas. Another novel human polyomavirus, WU polyomavirus (WUPyV, has been identified in respiratory specimens from patients with acute respiratory tract infections (ARTI. WUPyV has been proposed to be a pathogen in ARTI in early life and immunocompromised individuals, but so far its role as a causative agent of respiratory disease remains controversial. The objective of our study was to determine the prevalence of WUPyV infections in adult hospitalized patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD and to establish its potential clinical relevance by comparison to patients with stable COPD hospitalized for other reasons than acute exacerbation of COPD (AE-COPD. A total of 378 respiratory specimens, each 189 induced sputum and nasal lavage samples from 189 patients, who had been recruited in a prospective 2:1 ratio case-control set-up between 1999 and 2003, were evaluated for the presence of WUPyV DNA by real-time PCR. In the present study we could not detect WUPyV DNA in 378 respiratory specimens from 189 adult hospitalized patients with AE-COPD and stable COPD in four consecutive years. Persistence of viral replication or reactivation of latent WUPyV infection did not occur. WUPyV may not play a major role in adult immunocompetent patients with AE-COPD and stable COPD.

  17. KI and WU Polyomaviruses and CD4+ Cell Counts in HIV-1–infected Patients, Italy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Babakir-Mina, Muhammed; Ciccozzi, Massimo; Farchi, Francesca; Bergallo, Massimiliano; Cavallo, Rossana; Adorno, Gaspare; Perno, Carlo Federico

    2010-01-01

    To investigate an association between KI and WU polyomavirus (KIPyV and WUPyV) infections and CD4+ cell counts, we tested HIV-1–positive patients and blood donors. No association was found between cell counts and virus infections in HIV-1–positive patients. Frequency of KIPyV infection was similar for both groups. WUPyV was more frequent in HIV-1–positive patients. PMID:20735940

  18. PLE-wu, a new member of piggyBac transposon family from insect, is active in mammalian cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Chunxiao; Wang, Shu

    2014-10-01

    piggyBac, a highly active transposon in insect and mammalian cells, is a very useful tool in genome manipulation. A new piggyBac-like element (PLE), named PLE-wu, was identified from a mutant baculovirus cultured in sf9 insect cells. This new transposon is 2931 bp in length and encodes two active forms of transposase, a 708-amino acid-long transposase and a short 576-residue-long transposase translated from a downstream in-frame initiation codon. PLE-wu has asymmetric terminal structures, containing 6-bp inverted terminal repeats, 32-bp imperfect inverted and direct sub-terminal repeats. Similar to piggyBac, PLE-wu exhibits traceless excision activity in both insect and mammalian cells, restoring the original TTAA target sequence upon excision. It also retains the insertion activity in mammalian cells with a plasmid to chromosome transposition rate about 10-fold higher than random integration. Plasmid rescue assays revealed that the TTAA target sequence was duplicated at the junctions of the insertion site. Deletion of the terminal sequences including the sub-terminal repeats decreased the transposition activity of the 708-residue-long transposase, while the transposition activity of the short form of transposase was not affected. With its low sequence similarity to piggyBac, PLE-wu will contribute to the understanding the mechanism of PLE transposition, as well as design of new transposon systems with higher activity. Copyright © 2014 The Society for Biotechnology, Japan. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  19. MAGNETOSTRATIGRAPHY AND BIOSTRATIGRAPHY OF THE LATE TRIASSIC GURI ZI SECTION, ALBANIA: CONSTRAINT ON THE AGE OF THE CARNIAN-NORIAN BOUNDARY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    GIOVANNI MUTTONI

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available We present the magnetostratigraphy and conodont biostratigraphy across the Carnian-Norian boundary from a 70 m-thick limestone section located at Guri Zi in northern Albania. A total of 14 magnetozones were observed. The Carnian-Norian boundary is placed in a thin stratigraphic interval between the last occurrence of Paragondolella nodosa and the first occurrence of Epigondolella abneptis. Data from Guri Zi are in substantial agreement with already published data from Silicka Brezova in Slovakia and Pizzo Mondello in Sicily, which complessively indicate that the conodont Carnian-Norian boundary, when magnetostratigraphically traced onto the Newark astrochronological polarity time scale (APTS, has an age of ~228-227 Ma.

  20. Chinese Herbal Formulas Si-Wu-Tang and Er-Miao-San Synergistically Ameliorated Hyperuricemia and Renal Impairment in Rats Induced by Adenine and Potassium Oxonate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yongping Guo

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aims: Hyperuricemia is an independent risk factor for chronic kidney disease and cardiovascular disease. Here, we examined the combined protective effects of Chinese herbal formula Si-Wu-Tang and Er-Miao-San on hyperuricemia and renal impairment in rats. Methods: Rats were randomly divided into normal rats, hyperuricemic rats, and hyperuricemic rats orally administrated with benzbromarone (4.5 mg·kg-1·d-1, Si-Wu-Tang (3.78 g·kg-1·d-1 and Si-Wu-Tang plus Er-Miao-San (6.48 g·kg-1·d-1 for 4 weeks. Hyperuricemic rats were orally gavaged with adenine (0.1 g·kg-1·d-1 and potassium oxonate (1.5 g·kg-1·d-1 daily for 4 weeks. Serum uric acid, creatinine, total cholesterol (TCH, triglyceride and blood urea nitrogen (BUN concentrations, as well as urinary uric acid and microalbuminuria were measured weekly. Serum xanthine oxidase (XOD activity and renal histopathology were also evaluated. The renal expression of organic anion transporter 1 (OAT1 and organic anion transporter 3 (OAT3 was detected by western blot. Results: Si-Wu-Tang plus Er-Miao-San lowered serum uric acid, creatinine, triglyceride and BUN levels to a greater degree than did Si-Wu-Tang alone. Si-Wu-Tang plus Er-Miao-San ameliorated microalbuminuria and renal histopathology, as well as decreased serum TCH concentration and XOD activity in hyperuricemic rats. Combination of Si-Wu-Tang and Er-Miao-San also led to a greater increase in OAT1 and OAT3 expression than did Siwutang alone. Conclusion: Si-Wu-Tang and Er-Miao-San synergistically ameliorated hyperuricemia and renal impairment in rats through upregulation of OAT1 and OAT3.

  1. Klasik Batı Müziği ve Çağdaş/Çok Sesli Türk Müziği Eserlerinin Seslendirilmesine Yönelik Sınıf İçi Bir Değerlendirme / A Classroom Activity Evaluation on Singing Performance of the Works in Classical Western Music and Contemporary Turkish Polyphonic Music

    OpenAIRE

    Demirci, Barış; Parasız, Gökalp

    2013-01-01

    Öz: Bu Araştırma, Klasik batı müziği ve Çağdaş Çoksesli Türk müziği eserlerini orkestra/oda müziği ve yönetimi dersinde seslendirebilme düzeylerini tespit etmeye yönelik deneysel birçalışmadır. Çalışma grubunu, 2011-2012 öğretim yılı, bahar yarıyılında Atatürk ÜniversitesiKazım Karabekir Eğitim Fakültesi Müzik Eğitimi Anabilim Dalında orkestra/oda müziği veyönetimi dersi alan 4. sınıf ö...

  2. Newly described human polyomaviruses Merkel Cell, KI and WU are present in urban sewage and may represent potential environmental contaminants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carratala Anna

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Recently, three new polyomaviruses (KI, WU and Merkel cell polyomavirus have been reported to infect humans. It has also been suggested that lymphotropic polyomavirus, a virus of simian origin, infects humans. KI and WU polyomaviruses have been detected mainly in specimens from the respiratory tract while Merkel cell polyomavirus has been described in a very high percentage of Merkel cell carcinomas. The distribution, excretion level and transmission routes of these viruses remain unknown. Here we analyzed the presence and characteristics of newly described human polyomaviruses in urban sewage and river water in order to assess the excretion level and the potential role of water as a route of transmission of these viruses. Nested-PCR assays were designed for the sensitive detection of the viruses studied and the amplicons obtained were confirmed by sequencing analysis. The viruses were concentrated following a methodology previously developed for the detection of JC and BK human polyomaviruses in environmental samples. JC polyomavirus and human adenoviruses were used as markers of human contamination in the samples. Merkel cell polyomavirus was detected in 7/8 urban sewage samples collected and in 2/7 river water samples. Also one urine sample from a pregnant woman, out of 4 samples analyzed, was positive for this virus. KI and WU polyomaviruses were identified in 1/8 and 2/8 sewage samples respectively. The viral strains detected were highly homologous with other strains reported from several other geographical areas. Lymphotropic polyomavirus was not detected in any of the 13 sewage neither in 9 biosolid/sludge samples analyzed. This is the first description of a virus isolated from sewage and river water with a strong association with cancer. Our data indicate that the Merkel cell polyomavirus is prevalent in the population and that it may be disseminated through the fecal/urine contamination of water. The procedure developed may

  3. His Excellency Mr Ken WU Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the People’s Republic of China to Switzerland

    CERN Multimedia

    Jean Claude Gadmer

    2011-01-01

    Photo 1-5:The delegation visiting the ATLAS visitor Center with P.Jenni, ATLAS Collaboration former Spokesperson Photo 6-14,15-20:visiting the ATLAS experimental area Photo 15:Y. YANG,Attaché-Q. WAN,First Secretary-Z. Ren,ATLAS Collaboration,High Energy Group,Shandong University-H.E. Mr K. Wu-P. Jenni-R. Voss,Adviser for the People’s Republic of China-H. FENG,Counsellor Photo 21-38:Signature of the Guest Book with CERN Director-General R. Heuer

  4. "TV3" un "LTV1" ziņu dienas kārtība un struktūra, salīdzinošā analīze

    OpenAIRE

    Ramane, Anete

    2015-01-01

    Bakalaura darba „TV3” un „LTV1” ziņu dienas kārtība un struktūra, salīdzinošā analīze mērķis ir izpētīt to, kā atšķiras komerciālās un sabiedriskās televīzijas darbības principi, precīzāk TV3 un LTV1 ziņas. Kādi ir šo atšķirību galvenie iemesli, kā tas ietekmē ziņu kvalitāti. Balstoties uz teorētisko bāzi, tiks veikta kvantitatīvā kontentanalīze, daļēji strukturētās intervijas un aptauja. Atšķirības rada finansējums, kuru katra televīzija gūst citādāk. TV3 ziņas to iegūst no reklāmas, abo...

  5. Two Novel Hepatocellular Carcinoma Cycle Inhibitory Cyclodepsipeptides from a Hydrothermal Vent Crab-Associated Fungus Aspergillus clavatus C2WU

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    Wei Jiang

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Two novel cyclodepsipeptides containing an unusual anthranilic acid dimer and a d-phenyllactic acid residues, clavatustides A (1 and B (2, were identified from cultured mycelia and broth of Aspergillus clavatus C2WU isolated from Xenograpsus testudinatus, which lives at extreme, toxic habitat around the sulphur-rich hydrothermal vents in Taiwan Kueishantao. This is the first example of cyclopeptides containing an anthranilic acid dimer in natural products, and the first report of microbial secondary metabolites from the hydrothermal vent crab. Clavatustides A (1 and B (2 suppressed the proliferation of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC cell lines (HepG2, SMMC-7721 and Bel-7402 in a dose-dependent manner, and induced an accumulation of HepG2 cells in G1 phase and reduction of cells in S phase.

  6. Etika v čínské debatě o vědě a životních názorech: Wu Zhihui

    OpenAIRE

    Typl, Lukáš

    2017-01-01

    The aim of this thesis is to eleborate a detailed analysis of Wu Zhihui`s essay: New faith and its view of the universe and of man and attempts to fill the still large gap in secondary literature. The method focuses on basic interpretations of Wu Zhihui's ideas and putting them into the context of Western philosophy. It emphasizes direct quotations and translations of key texts to Czech language. Through the analysis of his view of faith, knowledge, metaphysics, cosmology, ontology and human ...

  7. No Evidence of Human Polyomavirus 9, WU and KI DNA in Kidney and Urinary Bladder Tumour Tissue Samples.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Csoma, Eszter; Bidiga, László; Méhes, Gábor; Gergely, Lajos

    2016-01-01

    The oncogenic potential of human polyomaviruses (HPyVs) has been proposed, but so far only Merkel cell carcinoma polyomavirus seems to be associated with a human tumour. The role of BK polyomavirus (BKPyV) in human tumourigenesis remains controversial. BKPyV establishes persistent infection in the urinary tract, and renal and bladder neoplasms have been studied extensively, but conflicting prevalence data are reported. KI, WU and HPyV9 were detected in urine samples suggesting that these viruses may also infect the urinary tract, but their presence in urinary tract tumours has not been studied. The aim of this work was to examine the prevalence of KIPyV, WUPyV, HPyV9 and BKPyV by PCR in renal and bladder neoplasms. A total of 190 formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded renal neoplasms, bladder cancer and kidney biopsy samples were analysed for the presence of BKPyV, KIPyV, WUPyV and HPyV9 DNA by real-time and nested PCR. Amplifiable DNA was extracted from all the samples, but none of the studied viruses were detected in benign renal neoplasia (0/23), malignant renal tumours (0/89) or bladder cancer (0/76). Our study did not find any evidence that BKPyV, KIPyV, WUPyV or HPyV9 are associated with bladder and renal tumours. © 2016 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  8. [Gao Jingyi. Han yu yu bei Ou yu yan : Han yu yu Wula'er yu yan ji Yin Ou yu yan tong yuan tan jiu] / Ago Künnap

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Künnap, Ago, 1941-

    2010-01-01

    Arvustus: Gao Jingyi. Han yu yu bei Ou yu yan : Han yu yu Wula'er yu yan ji Yin Ou yu yan tong yuan tan jiu = Chinese language and languages of northern Europe. Beijing : Zhongguo she hui ke xue chu ban she, 2008

  9. Effects of the traditional Chinese medicine SanZiPaiTanTang combined with ambroxol in the treatment of airway mucus hypersecretion in rats with asthma

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    Yun-tao WU

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective To investigate the effects of the traditional Chinese medicine SanZiPaiTanTang combined with ambroxol in the treatment of airway mucus hypersecretion in rats with asthma. Methods Forty SD rats were randomly divided into 5 groups (8 each: normal group, asthma group, SanZiPaiTanTang group (Chinese medicine group, ambroxol group (Western medicine group, SanZiPaiTanTang combined with ambroxol group (The combinational group. The rat asthma model was reproduced with ovalbumin (OVA, and all these rats were morphologically scored on the 42 th and 56th day. Airway inflammation was observed pathologically with HE staining, and the expression of lung tissue mucin (MUC5AC was examined by immunohistochemistry. The IL-13 content in serum was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA, and the proliferation of goblet cells in airway was detected by periodic acid Schiff (PAS staining. Results The morphological score and airway inflammation decreased in all drug treated groups as compared with those in asthma group. The MUC5AC levels were higher in asthma group than in normal group (0.530±0.035 vs 0.132±0.020, P<0.05, the combination group (0.254±0.029, the Chinese medicine group (0.359±0.025 and the Western medicine group (0.386±0.030 (P<0.05, while the difference between combinational group and Chinese medicine group or Western medicine group was statistically significant (P<0.05. The IL-13 contents markedly decreased in the combinational group, Chinese medicine group and Western medicine group compared with that in asthma group (42.41±3.15, 46.31±3.07, 43.05±2.70 vs 51.65±4.07, P<0.05, and the difference between the combinat group and Chinese medicine group was statistically significant (P<0.05, but no significant difference was found between the combinational group and the Western medicine group. The goblet cell hyperplasia area was significantly lower in the three drug treated groups than in asthma group (41.21±2.88, 48

  10. Tabakas produktu reklāmas laikrakstā "Jaunākās Ziņas" 20. gadsimta 20. gados

    OpenAIRE

    Baranova, Ieva

    2009-01-01

    Bakalaura darba „Tabakas produktu reklāmas laikrakstā „Jaunākās Ziņas” 20. gadsimta 20.gados” mērķis ir noskaidrot, kāda veida pārliecināšana tika izmantota 20. gadsimta 20.gadu tabakas reklāmās un noteikt galvenās tendences sabiedrības uzrunāšanā. Bakalaura darba teorētiskā bāze ir teorijas par pārliecināšanu reklāmās (O’Shaugnessy) un reklāmas nozīmi kultūras kontekstā. Tāpat tiek sniegts ieskats 20. gadu Latvijas vēsturiskajos apstākļos un tabakas likumdošanā. Bakalaura darbā i...

  11. [A Study on the quotations in the Wu xing da yi (The Gist of Five Phases) cited from Nei jing (Inner Canon)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Zheng-Shan; Zhang, Qi-Cheng

    2013-07-01

    In the Wu xing da yi (The Gist of Five Phases), written by Xiao Ji of the Sui Dynasty, there were 9 quotations cited from Huang di nei jing (Inner Canon of Huangdi). By comparison with current version of Huang di nei jing, most of the descriptions are similar, yet still with some differences, such as yin-yang nature of the five zang visceras, the liver being the root of "pi ji", the spleen being the root of "cang lin" etc. Wu xing da yi epitomizes the books about yin-yang and five phases before the Sui Dynasty, while Xiao Ji's quotations from Huang di nei jing interpreted from the views of yin-yang and five phases, are different from the annotations of later ages.

  12. Chemical profiling of Di-Wu-Yang-Gan Granules by ultra performance liquid chromatography coupled to quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry with MSE technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tian, Dong; Zhou, Chao; Jia, Hong-Mei; Yu, Meng; Chang, Xing; Zhang, Hong-Wu; Ba, Yuan-Ming; Zou, Zhong-Mei

    2017-08-08

    Di-Wu-Yang-Gan Granules is a Traditional Chinese Medicine prescription used for the treatment of HBeAg-negative chronic hepatitis B patients in China. It consists of five commonly used Chinese herbs. However, the chemical constituents of the whole prescription had not been clarified yet. Hence, in this study, the chemical profiling of Di-Wu-Yang-Gan Granules was explored by ultra performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry, which can provide accurate molecular weight within 5-ppm error and sufficient MS/MS fragment ions without the need for precursor ion selection. As a result, 116 compounds were identified, including lignans, triterpenesaponins, flavonoids, coumarins, iridoids, nortriterpenoids, phenolic acids, and sesquiterpenes. All compounds were further assigned to the individual herbs. In conclusion, this established method was reliable and effective for the separation and identification of the constituents in Di-Wu-Yang-Gan Granules. The findings are beneficial for quality control of the prescription during production and provide helpful chemical information for exploring its efficacy and the mechanism of action. The fragmentation regularity summarized in this study also provided important information for the rapid identification of the chemical composition in herbal medicines or their prescription.

  13. Influence of filling-drawdown cycles of the Three Gorges reservoir on deformation and failure behaviors of anaclinal rock slopes in the Wu Gorge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Da; Gu, Dong Ming

    2017-10-01

    The upper Wu Gorge on the Yangtze River has been the site of tens of reservoir-induced landslides since the filling of the Three Gorges reservoir in 2003. These landslides have been occurring in heavily fractured carbonate rock materials along the rim of the reservoir in the Wu Gorge. A detailed investigation was carried out to examine the influence of reservoir operations (filling and drawdown) on slope stabilities in the upper Wu Gorge. Field investigations reveal many collapses of various types occurred at the toe of the anaclinal rock slopes, owing to the long-term intensive river erosion caused by periodic fluctuation of the reservoir level. Analysis of data from deformation monitoring suggests that the temporal movement of the slopes shows seasonal fluctuations that correlate with reservoir levels and drawdown conditions, with induced slope acceleration peaking when reservoir levels are lowest. This may illustrate that the main mechanism is the reservoir drawdown, which induces an episodic seepage force in the highly permeable materials at the slope toes, and thus leads to the episodic rockslides. The coupled hydraulic-mechanical (HM) modeling of the G2 landslide, which occurred in 2008, shows that collapse initiated at the submerged slope toe, which then caused the upper slope to collapse in a rock topple-rock slide pattern. The results imply that preventing water erosion at the slope toe might be an effective way for landslide prevention in the study area.

  14. Developing an Absorption–Based Quality Control Method for Hu–Gan–Kang–Yuan Capsules by UFLC–QTOF–MS/MS Screening and HPLC–DAD Quantitative Determination

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fenghuan Wei

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Traditional Chinese Medicine Preparations (TCMPs contain massive numbers of ingredients responsible for their multiple efficacies. An absorption–based quality control method for complicated TCMPs using Hu–gan–kang–yuan Capsule (HGKYC as an example was developed. To select proper chemical markers for quality control of HGKYC, an ultra–fast liquid chromatography (UFLC coupled with electrospray ionization quadrupole time–off light mass spectrometry (UFLC–QTOF–MS/MS method was used for the rapid separation and structural identification of the constituents in the HGKYC extract and the rat serum after oral administration of HGKYC. As a result, one hundred and seven prototype constituents including flavonoids, organic acid, phenylpropanoids, anthraquinones, saponins, alkaloids, terpenes, phenols and amino acids in HGKYC extract, and 43 compounds found in rat serum after oral administration of HGKYC were unambiguously identified or tentatively characterized by comparing retention times and MS information with those of authentic standards or available literature references. Finally, a simple, low–cost and effective method of simultaneous determination for baicalein, wogonin, paeonol and emodin in HGKYC was developed using high performance liquid chromatography coupled with a diode array detector. In conclusion, an absorption–based quality control pattern was developed and successfully used for evaluating HGKYC.

  15. Protective Effects of Shen-Yuan-Dan, a Traditional Chinese Medicine, against Myocardial Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury In Vivo and In Vitro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hongxu Liu

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives. The study was to investigate the effects and mechanisms of Shen-Yuan-Dan (SYD pharmacological postconditioning on myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R injury. Methods. In the in vivo experiment, myocardial injury markers and histopathology staining were examined. In the in vitro experiment, cell viability and cell apoptosis were, respectively, detected by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT assays and Hoechst 33342 fluorochrome staining. The protein expressions of Bcl-2 and Bax were determined by immunocytochemistry assay. Results. Both low and high doses of SYD protected myocardium against I/R injury in rat model by reducing lactic dehydrogenase (LDH and creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB activity and malondialdehyde (MDA content, increasing superoxide dismutase (SOD activity and attenuating histopathology injury. Meanwhile, in the in vitro experiment, SYD promoted cell viability and inhibited the cardiomyocyte apoptosis. The level of Bcl-2 protein was restored to the normal level by SYD pharmacological postconditioning. In contrast, the Bax protein level was markedly reduced by SYD pharmacological postconditioning. These effects of SYD were inhibited by LY294002. Conclusions. The results of this study suggested that SYD pharmacological postconditioning has protective effects against myocardial I/R injury in both in vivo and in vitro models, which are related to activating the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt (PI3K/Akt pathway.

  16. [A molecular epidemiological study of KI polyomavirus and WU polyomavirus in children with acute respiratory infection in Tianjin, China].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Shu-Xiang; Wang, Wei; Guo, Wei; Yang, Hong-Jiang; Ma, Bai-Cheng; Fang, Yu-Lian; Xu, Yong-Sheng

    2017-07-01

    To investigate the relationship of KI polyomavirus (KIPyV) and WU polyomavirus (WUPyV) with acute respiratory infection in children in Tianjin, China. A total of 3 730 nasopharyngeal secretions were collected from hospitalized children with acute respiratory infection in Tianjin Children's Hospital from January 2011 to December 2013. Viral nucleic acid was extracted, and virus infection (KIPyV and WUPyV) was determined by PCR. Some KIPyV-positive and WUPyV-positive PCR products were subjected to sequencing. Sequencing results were aligned with the known gene sequences of KIPyV and WUPyV to construct a phylogenetic tree. Amplified VP1 fragments of KIPyV were inserted into the cloning vector (PUCm-T) transformed into E. coli competent cells. Positive clones were identified by PCR and sequencing. The nucleotide sequences were submitted to GenBank. In addition, another seven common respiratory viruses in all samples were detected by direct immunofluorescence assay. In the 3 730 specimens, the KIPyV-positive rate was 12.14% (453/3 730) and the WUPyV-positive rate was 1.69% (63/3 730). The mean infection rate of KIPyV was significantly higher in June and July, while the mean infection rate of WUPyV peaked in February and March. Most of the KIPyV-positive or WUPyV-positive children were infections with KIPyV, WUPyV, and other respiratory viruses were observed in the children. The co-infection rate was 2.31% (86/3 730) and there were nine cases of co-infections with WUPyV and KIPyV. Thirty-five KIPyV-positive and twelve WUPyV-positive PCR products were sequenced and the alignment analysis showed that they had high homology with the known sequences (94%-100% vs 95%-100%). The VP1 gene sequences obtained from two KIPyV strains in this study were recorded in GenBank with the accession numbers of KY465925 and KY465926. For some children with acute respiratory infection in Tianjin, China, the acute respiratory infection may be associated with KIPyV and WUPy

  17. Dai-Huang-Fu-Zi-Tang Alleviates Intestinal Injury Associated with Severe Acute Pancreatitis by Regulating Mitochondrial Permeability Transition Pore of Intestinal Mucosa Epithelial Cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xin Kang

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. The aim of the present study was to examine whether Dai-Huang-Fu-Zi-Tang (DHFZT could regulate mitochondrial permeability transition pore (MPTP of intestinal mucosa epithelial cells for alleviating intestinal injury associated with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP. Methods. A total of 72 Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 3 groups (sham group, SAP group, and DHFZT group, n=24 per group. The rats in each group were divided into 4 subgroups (n=6 per subgroup accordingly at 1, 3, 6, and 12 h after the operation. The contents of serum amylase, D-lactic acid, diamine oxidase activity, and degree of MPTP were measured by dry chemical method and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The change of mitochondria of intestinal epithelial cells was observed by transmission electron microscopy. Results. The present study showed that DHFZT inhibited the openness of MPTP at 3, 6, and 12 h after the operation. Meanwhile, it reduced the contents of serum D-lactic acid and activity of diamine oxidase activity and also drastically relieved histopathological manifestations and epithelial cells injury of intestine. Conclusion. DHFZT alleviates intestinal injury associated SAP via reducing the openness of MPTP. In addition, DHFZT could also decrease the content of serum diamine oxidase activity and D-lactic acid after SAP.

  18. ZiBuPiYin recipe protects db/db mice from diabetes-associated cognitive decline through improving multiple pathological changes.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jing Chen

    Full Text Available Multiple organ systems, including the brain, which undergoes changes that may increase the risk of cognitive decline, are adversely affected by diabetes mellitus (DM. Here, we demonstrate that type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM db/db mice exhibited hippocampus-dependent memory impairment, which might associate with a reduction in dendritic spine density in the pyramidal neurons of brain, Aβ1-42 deposition in the prefrontal cortex (PFC and hippocampus, and a decreased expression of neurostructural proteins including microtubule-associated protein (MAP2, a marker of dendrites, and postsynaptic density 95 (PSD95, a marker of excitatory synapses. To investigate the effects of the ZiBuPiYin recipe (ZBPYR, a traditional Chinese medicine recipe, on diabetes-related cognitive decline (DACD, db/db mice received daily administration of ZBPYR over an experimental period of 6 weeks. We then confirmed that ZBPYR rescued learning and memory performance impairments, reversed dendritic spine loss, reduced Aβ1-42 deposition and restored the expression levels of MAP2 and PSD95. The present study also revealed that ZBPYR strengthened brain leptin and insulin signaling and inhibited GSK3β overactivity, which may be the potential mechanism or underlying targets of ZBPYR. These findings conclude that ZBPYR prevents DACD, most likely by improving dendritic spine density and attenuating brain leptin and insulin signaling pathway injury. Our findings provide further evidence for the effects of ZBPYR on DACD.

  19. The heritage of Dr Dimitrija Demeter in te MaZuranić-Brlić-RuZić memorial library and collection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Canziani Jaksic, Theodor

    2008-01-01

    The collections of the MaZuranić-Brlić-RuZić Memorial Library and Archive in Rijeka contain in addition to the libraries of Ivan, Antun and Matija Mazuranic and of Baron Kuslan, books from the library of Dimitrija Demeter. This Graeco-Croatian man of letters and doctor of medicine was the first modern Croatian playwright. Artefacts, paintings and furniture of the Demeter family are included in the collection, as well as books. Dimitrija Demeter (1811-1872), the son of Afratia and Theodor Demeter, was born into an affluent merchant family in Zagreb in 1811. His two sisters were to marry respected men from Croatian political and cultural life and his brothers became successful business men and founders of Lloyd Triestino. Dimitrija, however, initially devoted himself to science, studying at the medical faculty in Padua, where he graduated in 1834. In 1836 he received his doctorate, on the theme of meningitis. He later became one of the leading figures of the Croatian National Awakening. His main contributions were as an editor and playwright and he is widely regarded as the founder of modern Croatian drama. Not only did he write the plays 'The Field of Grobnik' and 'Teuta', publish articles and edit 'Danica', but he was a driving force behind, and promoter of, the Croatian theatre on St Mark's Square in Zagreb. A portrait of Dimitrija Demeter can still be seen in the Galileo Chamber (dei magnifici quaranta) at the University of Padua, immediately behind the famous Galileo Galilei platform.

  20. Īpašības vārdu un emocijzīmju lietojums mikrobloga vietnes twitter.com ziņojumos

    OpenAIRE

    Šteina, Monta

    2017-01-01

    Šis bakalaura darbs ir veltīts īpašības vārdu un emocijzīmju lietojuma analīzei mikrobloga vietnes twitter.com ziņojumos. Pētījuma mērķis ir konstatēt, vai twitter.com lietotāji mēdz papildināt vai aizstāt īpašības vārdus ar emocijzīmēm, izpaužot domas, jūtas un emocijas. Pētījuma teorētiskā daļa sniedz ieskatu literatūrā par mutvārdu un rakstvieda saziņu, valodas funkcijām, emocijām, īpašības vārdiem, un valodu internetā, it īpaši mikrobloga vietnēs un twitter.com, turpretim empīriskajā daļā...

  1. Suan Zao Ren Tang in Combination with Zhi Zi Chi Tang as a Treatment Protocol for Insomniacs with Anxiety: A Randomized Parallel-Controlled Trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lin-lin Hu

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Insomnia is a serious worldwide health problem that is often comorbid with anxiety. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of a Chinese formula containing Suan Zao Ren Tang (SZRT and Zhi Zi Chi Tang (ZZCT; SZR-ZZC for improving sleep quality and anxiety states with four indices of Polysomnography (PSG, the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI, and the Self Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS. Methods. A randomized, parallel-controlled trial compared SZR-ZZC to lorazepam tablet in insomniacs with anxiety. Patients were randomized to the SZR-ZZC treatment group (n=60 and the lorazepam tablet treatment group (n=59. Results. SZR-ZZC significantly improved scores on all four treatment indices. Compared with lorazepam, treatment with SZR-ZZC resulted in a significant reduction in the ISI (P=0.029, the PSQI (P=0.017, and wake after sleep onset (WASO; P=0.008 scores and improved sleep architecture (P=0.000–0.003 after a 4-week treatment period. Only one subject in the SZR-ZZC group experienced adverse side effects. Conclusion. Treatment with SZR-ZZC for 4 weeks appears to be a relatively safe and effective complementary therapeutic option when aiming to improve sleep quality and anxiety in insomniacs with anxiety.

  2. Patērniecības ziņojumi jauniešu auditorijai: žurnālā "Sīrups" publicēto reklāmu analīze

    OpenAIRE

    Laicāne, Elīza

    2013-01-01

    Bakalaura darba tēma - „Patērniecības ziņojumi jauniešu auditorijai: žurnālā "Sīrups" publicēto reklāmu analīze”. Darba mērķi ir veikt izpēti un analīzi, lai noteiktu, kādi patērniecības ziņojumi tiek vēstīti jauniešiem ar reklāmu starpniecību konkrētajai mērķauditorijai adresētā preses izdevumā, un veikt izpēti, lai noteiktu, kā konkrētajā žurnālā ievietotās reklāmas ietekmē mērķauditorijas patēriņa paradumus un veicina viņu identitātes konstruēšanas procesu. Bakalaura darba teorētis...

  3. Effects of Fluid Saturation on Gas Recovery from Class-3 Hydrate Accumulations Using Depressurization: Case Study of Yuan-An Ridge Site in Southwestern Offshore Taiwan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Yi-Jyun; Wu, Cheng-Yueh; Hsieh, Bieng-Zih

    2016-04-01

    Gas hydrates are crystalline compounds in which guest gas molecules are trapped in host lattices of ice crystals. In Taiwan, the significant efforts have recently begun to evaluate the reserves of hydrate because the vast accumulations of gas hydrates had been recognized in southwestern offshore Taiwan. Class-3 type hydrate accumulations are referred to an isolated hydrate layer without an underlying zone of mobile fluids, and the entire hydrate layer may be well within the hydrate stability zone. The depressurization method is a useful dissociation method for gas production from Class-3 hydrate accumulations. The dissociation efficiency is controlled by the responses of hydrate to the propagating pressure disturbance, and the pressure propagation is relating to the amount (or saturation) of the mobile fluid in pore space of the hydrate layer. The purpose of this study is to study the effects of fluid saturation on the gas recovery from a class-3 hydrate accumulation using depressurization method. The case of a class-3 hydrate deposit of Yuan-An Ridge in southwestern offshore Taiwan is studied. The numerical method was used in this study. The reservoir simulator we used to study the dissociation of hydrate and the production of gas was the STARS simulator developed by CMG, which coupled heat transfer, geo-chemical, geo-mechanical, and multiphase fluid flow mechanisms. The study case of Yuan-An Ridge is located in southwestern offshore Taiwan. The hydrate deposit was found by the bottom simulating reflectors (BSRs). The geological structure of the studied hydrate deposit was digitized to build the geological model (grids) of the case. The formation parameters, phase behavior data, rock and fluid properties, and formation's initial conditions were assigned sequentially to grid blocks, and the completion and operation conditions were designed to wellbore blocks to finish the numerical model. The changes of reservoir pressure, temperature, saturation due to the hydrate

  4. [Analysis of the Decorated Silicate Beads Excavated from Tomb M4 of the Ma-Jia-Yuan Warring States Cemetery, Gansu Province].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Xiao-juan; Yan, Jing; Wang, Hui

    2015-10-01

    This paper reports the analysis results of 11 decorated silicate beads samples excavated from Ma Jia-yuan Warring State Cemetery, Gan Su Province with the portable X-ray fluorescence spectrometer, laser Raman spectrometer and X-ray diffraction spectrometer. It is includes 3 types among these samples on the basis of their chemical composition, NaO-CaO-SiO2, PbO-BaO-SiO2 glass system, and glassy faience. The blue part of the NaO-CaO-SiO2 glass sample was colored by Co2+, and Sb2O5 was discovered as opacifier. The results of Laser Raman analysis shows in some circle beads exits Chinese blue and Chinese purple. Combined with the existing research results the early cultural factors and technical exchange reflected from these samples are discussed. It shows that the material and craftsmanship of the beads contained Chinese blue and Chinese purple were affected by Qin Culture. But the composition of the Na-Ca-SiO2 glass eye bead is similar with those excavated from Xin Jiang area. It infers the technology of glass manufacture of the Xi Ron nationality was influenced by the Qin Culture and the grassland nationalities' culture simultaneously. The faience bead composed with the inner core and the outer glassy layer is possible a kind of transitional type between the faience and the real glass. This information offers a new reference for the research of the origin of the glass technology in the ancient China.

  5. Overexpression of the NADP+-specific isocitrate dehydrogenase gene (icdA) in citric acid-producing Aspergillus niger WU-2223L.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kobayashi, Keiichi; Hattori, Takasumi; Hayashi, Rie; Kirimura, Kohtaro

    2014-01-01

    In the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle, NADP(+)-specific isocitrate dehydrogenase (NADP(+)-ICDH) catalyzes oxidative decarboxylation of isocitric acid to form α-ketoglutaric acid with NADP(+) as a cofactor. We constructed an NADP(+)-ICDH gene (icdA)-overexpressing strain (OPI-1) using Aspergillus niger WU-2223L as a host and examined the effects of increase in NADP(+)-ICDH activity on citric acid production. Under citric acid-producing conditions with glucose as the carbon source, the amounts of citric acid produced and glucose consumed by OPI-1 for the 12-d cultivation period decreased by 18.7 and 10.5%, respectively, compared with those by WU-2223L. These results indicate that the amount of citric acid produced by A. niger can be altered with the NADP(+)-ICDH activity. Therefore, NADP(+)-ICDH is an important regulator of citric acid production in the TCA cycle of A. niger. Thus, we propose that the icdA gene is a potentially valuable tool for modulating citric acid production by metabolic engineering.

  6. Age and gender distribution of Hepatitis C virus prevalence and genotypes of individuals of physical examination in WuHan, Central China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niu, ZhiLi; Zhang, PingAn; Tong, YongQing

    2016-01-01

    Approximately 170 million people in the world are infected with Hepatitis C virus (HCV). There are no published population based studies about the prevalence of HCV genotypes and the associations of genotype and Infection frequency with gender and age in WuHan. We aimed to investigate the distribution of HCV prevalence and genotypes among different gender and age patients with chronic HCV infection in WuHan from 2011 to 2015. A total of 2685 anti-HCV positive serum samples from individuals of physical examinationwere recruited from the Renmin Hospital of WuHan University, Hubei Province in China from January 2011 to December 2015. From these 2685 anti-HCV positive serum samples, 496 samples were with a positive PCR for HCV RNA. The number of HCV infection showed an increase with year, but the annual infection rate has remained similar (χ(2) = 2.94, P = 0.568). 2685 cases were infected with HCV from 2011 to 2015 in WuHan city of China. Blood transfusion (18.14 %) was the main routs of transmission, followed by Surgery (8.94 %). The highest prevalence of HCV infection was at the age group 50-59 (25.85 % of 2685) and the lowest prevalence was 0-9 (0.93 % of 2685). HCV genotype 1 was the most prevalent (73.39 %), followed by genotypes 2 (17.14 %), 3 (5.25 %) and 6 (3.22 %). Genotype 4 and 5 was not detected in these patients. The most prevalent subtype was subtype 1b (71.98 %), followed by genotypes 2a (17.14 %). Five patients had mixed infection across the HCV subtypes. Among all genotypes, genotype 1 was highest in both male (73.27 %) and female (73.47 %) patients, followed by genotype 2. Genotype 1 (male: 29.84 % of 496, vs female: 43.55 % of 496, χ(2) = 20.07, P < 0.0001), genotype 2 (male: 6.25 % of 496, vs female: 10.89 % of 496, χ(2) = 6.81, P = 0.009), and 6 (male: 1.41 % of 496, vs female: 1.81 % of 496, χ(2) = 0.626, P = 0.401) were more common in female patients than males, while no significant gender differences were

  7. Hemostasis and uterine contraction promoting effect of the extract from drugs in the Zi-Yin-Tiao-Jing granule, a traditional Chinese compound preparation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Qing; Yang, Sheng; Tong, Jie; Li, Xu; Wu, Junjie; Wang, Senhong; Zhang, Jifen; Chen, Yi; Xu, Xiaoyu

    2018-01-30

    Zi-Yin-Tiao-Jing granule (ZG) is a traditional Chinese medicine compound preparation for perimenopausal dysfunctional uterine bleeding. It is made from 9 Chinese crude drugs based on a modified traditional Chinese prescription recorded in Fu Qingzhu Nvke as Guben Zhibeng Tang. This study aimed to investigate the hemostasis and uterine contraction promoting effect of quality controlled ZG extract on animals as a preclinical study. ZG extract was quality controlled by determining the contents of asperosaponin Ⅵ and tetrahydroxystilbene glucoside (TSG) with high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and the contents of total tannins, total saponins and total flavonoids with ultraviolet spectrophotometry (UV). Bleeding time, clotting time, prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) and fibrinogen (FIB) content were assayed to test the hemostasis effect of ZG extract on sixty healthy female Kunming mice. In addition, ten healthy female Sprague-Dawley rats were used to test the effect of ZG extract on uterine contractions in vitro with the BL-420 Biological Function Experiment System. The ZG extract contained 0.81mgg-1 asperosaponin Ⅵ, 0.15mgg-1 TSG, 1.98mgg-1 total tannins, 1.83mgg-1 total saponins, and 4.09mgg-1 total flavonoids. Compared with placebo, the ZG extract shortened the bleeding time at a dosage of 1.2gkg-1 and 2.4gkg-1, and shortened the clotting time at 0.6gkg-1, 1.2gkg-1 and 2.4gkg-1 in mice (P extract (P > 0.05). In addition, ZG extract at the doses of 1.8mgmL-1, 3.6mgmL-1, and 5.4mgmL-1 increased the amplitude and motoricity of uterine contractions of rats (P extract was quality controllable by assaying for asperosaponin Ⅵ, TSG, total tannins, total saponins and total flavonoids. It could promote the hemostasis of mice in vivo, as well as the uterine contractions of rats in vitro. Therefore, it may be a promising preparation for clinical treatment of perimenopausal dysfunctional uterine bleeding. Copyright © 2017

  8. Modification of Sako-Wu-Prausnitz equation of state for fluid phase equilibria in polyethylene-ethylene systems at high pressures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. Gharagheizi

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available In order to model phase equilibria at all pressures, it is necessary to have an equation of state. We have chosen the Sako-Wu-Prausnitz cubic equation of state, which had shown some promising results. However, in order to satisfy our demands, we had to modify it slightly and fit new pure component parameters. New pure component parameters have been determined for ethylene and the n-alkane series, using vapor pressure data, saturated liquid volume and one-phase PVT-data. For higher n-alkanes, where vapor pressure data are poor or not available, determination of the pure component parameters was made in part by extrapolation and in part by fitting to one-phase PVT-data. Using one-fluid van der Waals mixing rules, with one adjustable interaction parameter, good correlation of binary hydrocarbon system was obtained, except for the critical region. The extension of the equation of state to polyethylene systems is covered in this work. Using the determined parameters, flash and cloud point calculations were performed, and treating the polymer as polydisperse. The results fit data well.

  9. Retracted: Exosomes secreted by human urine-derived stem cells accelerate skin wound healing by promoting angiogenesis in rat by Yuan H, Guan J, Zhang J, Zhang R, Li M.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-08-01

    The above article, published online on 21 April 2016 in Wiley Online Library (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/cbin.10615/full), has been retracted by agreement between the authors, the journal Editor, Sergio Schenkman, and John Wiley & Sons Ltd. The retraction has been agreed because the authors discovered inconsistent results in repeated tests. The authors and publisher apologise for any inconvenience. Reference Yuan H, Guan J, Zhang J, Zhang R, LiM(2016) Exosomes secreted by human urine-derived stem cells accelerate skin wound healing by promoting angiogenesis in rat. Cell Biol Int, Accepted Author Manuscript. https://doi.org/10.1002/cbin.10615. © 2017 International Federation for Cell Biology.

  10. Datu bāzes struktūras un datu tranformācija no relāciju datu bāzes uz NoSQL datu bāzi

    OpenAIRE

    Jērāne, Austra

    2013-01-01

    Bakalaura darbā „Datu bāzes struktūras un datu tranformācija no relāciju datu bāzes uz NoSQL datu bāzi” ir apkopota informācija par relāciju datu bāzu un NoSQL datu bāzu īpašībām un uz šī pētījuma pamata ir veikta dokumentu vadības sistēmas datu bāzes daļas tranformācija uz NoSQL datu bāzi.

  11. Inhibition of Neoplastic Transformation and Chemically-Induced Skin Hyperplasia in Mice by Traditional Chinese Medicinal Formula Si-Wu-Tang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mandy M. Liu

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Exploring traditional medicines may lead to the development of low-cost and non-toxic cancer preventive agents. Si-Wu-Tang (SWT, comprising the combination of four herbs, Rehmanniae, Angelica, Chuanxiong, and Paeoniae, is one of the most popular traditional Chinese medicines for women’s diseases. In our previous studies, the antioxidant Nrf2 pathways were strongly induced by SWT in vitro and in vivo. Since Nrf2 activation has been associated with anticarcinogenic effects, the purpose of this study is to evaluate SWT’s activity of cancer prevention. In the Ames test, SWT demonstrated an antimutagenic activity against mutagenicity induced by the chemical carcinogen 7,12-dimethylbenz(aanthracene (DMBA. In JB6 P+ cells, a non-cancerous murine epidermal model for studying tumor promotion, SWT inhibited epidermal growth factor (EGF-induced neoplastic transformation. The luciferase reporter gene assays demonstrated that SWT suppressed EGF-induced AP-1 and TNF-α-induced NF-κB activation, which are essential factors involved in skin carcinogenesis. In a DMBA-induced skin hyperplasia assay in ‘Sensitivity to Carcinogenesis’ (SENCAR mice, both topical and oral SWT inhibited DMBA-induced epidermal hyperplasia, expression of the proliferation marker Proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA, and H-ras mutations. These findings demonstrate, for the first time, that SWT prevents tumor promoter and chemical-induced carcinogenesis in vitro and in vivo, partly by inhibiting DNA damage and blocking the activation of AP-1 and NF-κB.

  12. Contamination and Human Health Risk Assessment of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) in Oysters After the Wu Yi San Oil Spill in Korea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loh, Andrew; Yim, Un Hyuk; Ha, Sung Yong; An, Joon Geon; Kim, Moonkoo

    2017-07-01

    After the collision of the Singapore-registered oil tanker M/V Wu Yi San into the oil terminal of Yeosu, Korea on January 31, 2014, approximately 900 m3 of oil and oil mixture were released from the ruptured pipelines. The oil affected more than 10 km of coastline along Gwangyang Bay. Emergency oil spill responses recovered bulk oil at sea and cleaned up the stranded oil on shore. As part of an emergency environmental impact assessment, region-wide monitoring of oil contamination in oyster had been conducted for 2 months. Highly elevated concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were detected at most of the spill affected sites. Four days after the spill, the levels of PAHs in oysters increased dramatically to 627-81,000 ng/g, the average of which was 20 times higher than those found before the spill (321-4040 ng/g). The level of PAHs in these oysters increased until 10 days after the spill and then decreased. Due to the strong tidal current and easterly winter winds, the eastern part of the Bay-the Namhae region-was heavily contaminated compared with other regions. The accumulation and depuration of spilled oil in oyster corresponded with the duration and intensity of the cleanup activities, which is the first field observation in oil spill cases. Human health risk assessments showed that benzo[a]pyrene equivalent concentrations exceeded levels of concern in the highly contaminated sites, even 60 days after the spill.

  13. The influence of essential oils from Xiang-Fu-Si-Wu Decoction on its non-volatile components and its application for pharmacokinetics in normal rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pan, Ying; Qian, Dawei; Liu, Pei; Zhang, Yang; Zhu, Zhenhua; Zhang, Li; Duan, Jin-Ao

    2017-08-15

    Xiang-Fu-Si-Wu Decoction (XFSWD) has been used to treat gynecology diseases in clinical practice for hundreds of years in China, especially for primary dysmenorrheal of QiZhi Type. In previous researches, both essential oils (XEO) and non-volatile components (NXEO) extracted from XFSWD showed significant pharmacological activities, but the influence of XEO on NXEO was unclear. The purpose of this paper was to develop a validated analytical method for simultaneous determination of ten components including Vanillic acid, Ferulic acid, Caffeic acid, Gallic acid, Paeoniflorin, Albiflorin, Tetrahydropalmatine, Protopine, Berberine and Tetrahydrocolumbamine, and to compare the pharmacokinetic parameters of these components to illustrate the influences of XEO on NXEO in normal rats. After being extracted by methanol (1:3, v/v), the plasma samples were analyzed with Clarithromycin (IS 1 ) and Chloramphenicol (IS 2 ) as mixed internal standard (IS). Then the analytes were separated on a ACQUITY UPLC BEH C 18 (100×2.1mm, 1.7μm) column with gradient mobile phase (containing 0.1% formic acid aqueous solution and acetonitrile) at a flow rate of 0.4mL/min. All analytes and mixed IS were performed on an electrospray ionization source (ESI) using multiple-reaction monitoring (MRM) with positive and negative ionization mode. The calibration curves of all the analytes showed good linearity (r >0.99), and the lower limits of quantification (LLOQ) were 0.66-46.88ng/mL. The intra- and inter-day precisions ranged 1.24-12.45% and 2.49-13.24% for all the analytes. The mean extraction recoveries of the analytes were in the range of 73.10-93.71% and the average matrix effects were within 82.39-93.18%. The validated method has been fully applied to compare the pharmacokinetic parameters of ten components in rat plasma after oral administration of NXEO, NXEO+β-cyclodextrin (β-CD), NXEO+XEO, and NXEO+β-XEO (the inclusion of XEO by β-CD). It was found that the area under the concentration

  14. 吴燕平分期治疗经期延长的经验%Experience of Wu Yanping in Treating Prolonged Menstruation with the Method of the Installment of Governance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    左海红; 吴燕平

    2013-01-01

    [目的]总结吴燕平教授分期治疗经期延长的经验.[方法]分别从病因病机、辨证与辨病结合、分期论治等方面论述吴燕平教授治疗经期延长的经验.[结果]本病病机多为“虚、热、瘀”,与肾和冲任关系密切.根据以上病机,提倡辨证与辨病相结合,西医明确病因,中医辨证论治,分期治疗.用药组方多从脾肾入手,攻补兼施,标本兼治.[结论]吴燕平教授采用分期论治,健脾益肾的综合疗法,调整月经周期,调节内分泌,缩短经期,疗效明显.%[Objecrive]The article summarized and discoursed the experience of professor Wu Yanping treating prolonged menstruation with the method of the installment of governance. [Method] Discoursed the experience of professor Wu Yanping treating prolonged menstruation from cause of disease,ptho-genesis.combination of syndrome differentiation and disease.installment of governance and so on.[Result]The cause of disease and pthogenesis are "debilita-tion,heat,stasis".The disease closely relates to kidney, thoroughfare and conception vessels. Professor Wu Yanping advocated the combination of syndrome differentiation and disease and installment of governance according to the cause of disease and pthogenesis.Western medicine makes the causes clear.and TCM treats disease based on syndrome differentiation.The formula mainly relates to spleen and kidney .The treatments combinate both the reinforcement and elimination,and focus on relieving both the secondary and primary symptoms. [Conclusions] Wu Yanping takes stage treatment, the comprehensive therapy of reinforcing spleen to nourish kidney, regulates endocrine and shortens menstruation, with good cure effect.

  15. Simultaneous quantitative determination of 20 active components in the traditional Chinese medicine formula Zhi-Zi-Da-Huang decoction by liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry: application to study the chemical composition variations in different combinations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Zheng; Yin, Ran; Bi, Kaishun; Zhu, Heyun; Han, Fei; Chen, Kelin; Wang, Fenrong

    2015-09-01

    Zhi-Zi-Da-Huang decoction (ZZDHD), a classical traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) prescription composed of four herbal medicines, has been widely used in treating various hepatobiliary disorders for a long time. The objective of this study was to develop a sensitive and efficient liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (LC-MS) method for quantitative determination of 20 active constituents, including three iridoid glycosides, 11 flavonoids, three anthraquinones and three tannins in ZZDHD. Separation was achieved on a phenomenex kinetex C18 column (150 × 4.6 mm, 2.6 µm) using gradient elution with a mobile phase consisting of acetonitrile and 0.1% formic acid in water. Detection was performed with electrospray ionization source in the negative ionization and selected ion monitoring mode. The established method was validated by determining the linearity (r(2) ≥ 0.9983), limit of quantification (0.16-300 ng/mL), precision (RSD ≤ 4.6%), average recovery (96.0-105.6%), repeatability (RSD ≤ 3.2%) and stability (RSD ≤ 4.5%). Then, the method was successfully applied to investigate the chemical composition variations owing to the interaction between the four component herbs of ZZDHD during the extraction process. It was found that different combinations of the herbs affect the extraction efficiency of chemical constituents in different ways. The validated LC-MS method provides a meaningful basis for quality control and further research on ZZDHD. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  16. Lisans Öğrencilerinin Türkçe Pop Müziğe Yönelik Düşüncelerinin Metafor Analizi Yoluyla Değerlendirmesi

    OpenAIRE

    AYHAN, Ali; Danacı, Enes Furkan; İlhan, Serap Yağmur

    2016-01-01

    Toplumlariçerisinde müzik türleri kavramsal olarak düşünüldüğünde; bireyler açısındanher bir müzik türünün farklı bir anlam ifade ettiği söylenebilir. Bu kavramlarımetafor olarak düşünürsek her bireyin, her bir müzik türüne dair farklıbenzetimleri ortaya çıkacaktır. Bu çalışmada, lisans düzeyinde öğrenim görenöğrencilere “Türkçe pop müzik sizin için hangi kavramla benzeşmektedir” sorusuyöneltilmiştir. Verilen cevaplar doğrultusunda ortaya çıkan metaforlardizinlenerek Türkçe pop müziğin lisans...

  17. A Novel and Practical Chromatographic "Fingerprint-ROC-SVM" Strategy Applied to Quality Analysis of Traditional Chinese Medicine Injections: Using KuDieZi Injection as a Case Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Bin; Wang, Yuan; Shan, Lanlan; Zou, Jingtao; Wu, Yuanyuan; Yang, Feifan; Zhang, Yani; Li, Yubo; Zhang, Yanjun

    2017-07-23

    Fingerprinting is widely and commonly used in the quality control of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) injections. However, current studies informed that the fingerprint similarity evaluation was less sensitive and easily generated false positive results. For this reason, a novel and practical chromatographic "Fingerprint-ROC-SVM" strategy was established by using KuDieZi (KDZ) injection as a case study in the present article. Firstly, the chromatographic fingerprints of KDZ injection were obtained by UPLC and the common characteristic peaks were identified with UPLC/Q-TOF-MS under the same chromatographic conditions. Then, the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to optimize common characteristic peaks by the AUCs value greater than 0.7. Finally, a support vector machine (SVM) model, with the accuracy of 97.06%, was established by the optimized characteristic peaks and applied to monitor the quality of KDZ injection. As a result, the established model could sensitively and accurately distinguish the qualified products (QPs) with the unqualified products (UPs), high-temperature processed samples (HTPs) and high-illumination processed samples (HIPs) of KDZ injection, and the prediction accuracy was 100.00%, 93.75% and 100.00%, respectively. Furthermore, through the comparison with other chemometrics methods, the superiority of the novel analytical strategy was more prominent. It indicated that the novel and practical chromatographic "Fingerprint-ROC-SVM" strategy could be further applied to facilitate the development of the quality analysis of TCM injections.

  18. A következő évtized marketingkommunikációja – Egy nemzetközi kutatás eredményei

    OpenAIRE

    Rekettye ifj., Gábor

    2016-01-01

    A tanulmányban bemutatott kutatás célja annak feltárása, hogy a globális megatrendek által befolyásolt és megváltoztatott üzleti és marketingkörnyezet milyen hatással lesz a marketingkommunikáció alakulására az elkövetkező évtizedben. A kutatás nemzetközi jellege lehetőséget adott arra, hogy a szerző összehasonlítsa, hogy a fejlett, a feltörekvő és az átmeneti országokban a szakértők és véleményvezetők miképpen értékelik a globális megatrendek hatásait az adott ország üzleti körny...

  19. DÜZENLi DALGA ETKiSiNDE VE ASILI KONUMDA BULUNAN DENiZ BORU HATTININ TESiR ÇiZGiSi YÖNTEMi iLE ANALiZi -

    OpenAIRE

    VAROL, Begüm Y.; Gökkuş, Ümit

    2012-01-01

    DÜZENLi DALGA ETKiSiNDE VE ASILI KONUMDA BULUNAN DENiZ BORU HATTININ TESiR ÇiZGiSi YÖNTEMi iLE ANALiZiGünümüzde; ülkelerin gereksinim duyulan enerjiye zamanında, kesintisiz ve güvenli şekilde ulaşmak istemesi; deniz boru hattı taşımacılığını ön plana çıkarmıştır. Ancak bu yapıların beklentileri karşılayabilesi için; gerek yapım aşamasında gerekse ekonomik ömürleri boyunca, maruz kalacakları kuvvetlerin iyi belirlenmesi tasarım açısından oldukça önemlidir. Bu çalışma kapsamında düzenli dalga e...

  20. Globalization, Polanyi, and the Chinese Yuan

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-12-01

    Archive/2004/Sep/23-184387.html (accessed June 12, 2007). 99 ŖND LD: APEC Finance Chiefs Paper over Forex Flexibility Issue," Kyodo News...2006). ŖND LD: APEC Finance Chiefs Paper Over Forex Flexibility Issue." Kyodo News International, Inc. and The Gale Group. http://findarticles.com

  1. An untargeted metabolomics-driven approach based on LC-TOF/MS and LC-MS/MS for the screening of xenobiotics and metabolites of Zhi-Zi-Da-Huang decoction in rat plasma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Huan; Li, Xixi; Yan, Xuemei; An, Li; Luo, Kaiwen; Shao, Mingjing; Jiang, Yue; Xie, Rui; Feng, Fang

    2015-11-10

    Zhi-Zi-Da-Huang decoction (ZZDHD), a typical traditional Chinese medicine prescription, is widely used in clinical practice for the treatment of alcoholic liver disease. However, due to lack of holistic metabolic research, the active ingredients of ZZDHD have not been fully elucidated. It entails a huge obstacle for the quality evaluation, pharmacokinetic studies and clinical-safe medication administration of ZZDHD. In this work, an untargeted metabolomics-driven approach was proposed to rapidly screen and characterize xenobiotics and related metabolites in vivo conducted by LC-TOF/MS and LC-QqQ/MS. The tR-m/z pairs which were present in the ZZDHD-dosed group and absent in the control group could be clearly displayed by XCMS Online platform combined with supervised orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis. Among them, a total of 61 ZZDHD-related xenobiotics and metabolites including 34 prototype components and 27 metabolites were rapidly identified or tentatively characterized in rat plasma. The results indicated that iridoid glycosides and monoterpenoids from Gardenia jasminoides Ellis, flavonoid glycosides from Citrus aurantium L., as well as anthraquinones from Rheum palmatum L. were the main absorbed chemical components of ZZDHD. Hydrolysis, glucuronidation and sulfation were the main metabolic pathways of ZZDHD in vivo. The present study provided a solid basis for further revealing the relationship between the xenobiotic metabolome and pharmacological activity of ZZDHD. In addition, the application of untargeted metabolomics-driven approach offers a fresh insight for rapid screening and identifying xenobiotics and metabolites of ZZDHD and other multiherb prescription. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  2. Journal of Chemical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Chemical Sciences. Gen Hua Wu. Articles written in Journal of Chemical Sciences. Volume 121 Issue 4 July 2009 pp 543-548. Highly sensitive optical chemosensor for the detection of Cu using a rhodamine B spirolatam · Gen Hua Wu Dong Xiang Wang Da Yu Wu Yuan Gao Zhu Qing Wang.

  3. Un imaginaire dévoilé/déphasé. Stratégies narratives et mémoire culturelle dans le roman 54 des Wu Ming

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matteo Martelli

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available This essay analyses the narrative strategies through which cultural memory is portrayed in 54, a novel in which Wu Ming (a collective of four Italian fiction writers suggests a literary mapping of the Fifties. This is obtained by a recovery of a shared imaginary tradition which is close to the reader, mixing fictional and historical characters, films, books, different genres of popular literature. Nevertheless, the rewriting of these imaginary traditions involves their displacement, a presentation which is constantly created from an unusual point of view. Thus, shifting the image of what is already known, the text inquires into several modalities of a questioning about cultural memory and its redefinition in relation to contemporary culture. By focusing on these elements, this study proposes an analysis which starts from the construction of the characters, the role of suspense and the adoption of multiple traditions of novel writing.

  4. Retracted: Sirt3 activation attenuated oxidized low-density lipoprotein-induced human umbilical vein endothelial cells' apoptosis by sustaining autophagy by Luo, X, Yang, Z, Zheng, S, Cao, Y and Wu, Y.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-08-01

    The above article, published online on 05 May 2014 in Wiley Online Library (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/cbin.10291/full), has been retracted by agreement between the authors, the journal Editor, Sergio Schenkman, and John Wiley & Sons Ltd. The retraction has been agreed because the authors discovered that the results of section 3 in this paper were irreproducible. In addition, Zhiqiang Yang, a co-author, states conflict of interest in this paper. The authors and publisher apologize for any inconvenience. Reference Luo X, Yang Z, Zheng S, Cao Y, Wu Y (2014) Sirt3 activation attenuated oxidized low-density lipoprotein induced human umbilical vein endothelial cells' apoptosis by sustaining autophagy. Cell Biol Int, https://doi.org/10.1002/cbin.10291. © 2017 International Federation for Cell Biology.

  5. 76 FR 27175 - Quarterly Publication of Individuals Who Have Chosen To Expatriate, as Required by Section 6039G

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-10

    ..., JR WINSTON WRIGHT MARTIN CLAUDE WU HO-MOU YANG HAN HSIANG YANG XUEMING YAU KEI YEE GLENN SEKKEMN... CHONG HWA YOUNG DESMOND W. YOUNG GILBERTO YOUNGER MATTHEW F YU XIAO YANG YUAN MARK FU-CHUN ZALATIMO ZADE...

  6. Study to establish Ojeok-San (Five Accumulation Powder: wu ji san) administration criteria and a questionnaire to evaluate the holistic effects of Ojeok-San on patients with low back pain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Eun-Jung; Nam, Dongwoo; Ahn, Byung-Jin; Lee, Seung-Deok; Lee, Jae-Dong; Kim, Kap-Sung

    2013-11-01

    The study objectives were to establish ojeok-san (Five Accumulation Powder: wu ji san) administration criteria and a questionnaire to evaluate the holistic effects of ojeok-san on patients with low back pain (LBP). Texts and literatures, recommended by specialists, were searched to gather ojeok-san-related symptoms. Then, the opinions of Oriental medicine doctors (OMDs) practicing in Seoul were surveyed to ask which symptoms they consider the most in clinical practice. Based on the survey, selection of potential items for the questionnaire was made. The final version was established based on the results of the survey and Delphi process of musculoskeletal diseases specialists. In order to evaluate the reliability and validity of the newly developed assessment tool (Ojeok-san Low Back Questionnaire: OLQ), patients with chronic LBP were recruited. OLQ and other tools such as visual analogue scale, numeric rating scale, Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire, Modified-Modified Schober test, and 36-Item Short Form Health Survey were applied to the subjects in a 2-week interval. Test-retest reliability, internal consistency, and convergent and discrimination validity were assessed. A total of 90 potential items were generated by the research team. One hundred and two (102) OMDs fully replied to the survey. Based on the survey results, 34 items were initially selected as potential items. Through Delphi method of experts, 10 top items, rated more than 5 points on a scale of 10, were finally established. The 10 items were each established as a response scale of 0-10 (0 as no symptom and 10 as the most excessive form of symptom). Based on the above stages, an initial OLQ was established and used in the evaluation phase. The validity and reliability of OLQ assessment results showed high test-retest reliability, intraclass correlation coefficient, and internal consistency. The newly developed Ojeok-san administration criteria and questionnaire may be a promising tool for

  7. Latviešu un igauņu tēls vācbaltiešu mācītāju redzējumā konsistorijas ziņojumos no 17. līdz 19. gadsimtam

    OpenAIRE

    Strade, Ilze

    2014-01-01

    Šajā darbā tiek pētīti vācbaltiešu mācītāju uzskati par Livonijas zemniekiem un viņu reliģiskajām paražām, balstoties uz Livonijas luterāņu baznīcas vizitāciju protokolos sniegtajām ziņām laika posmā no 1634. gada līdz 1858. gadam un citos darbos. Lai gūtu precīzāku ieskatu par vācbaltiešu attiecībām ar zemniekiem, luterāņu mācītāju darbība tiek aplūkota tā laika vēsturiskajā un reliģiskajā kontekstā, tā rodot atbildes uz jautājumiem, kā ir veidojušies viņu uzskati par Livonijas tautām gadsim...

  8. Atomistic simulation of the structural and elastic properties of ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ZI-JIANG LIU1 2 3 XIAO-WEI SUN2 TING SONG2 YUAN GUO1 CAI-RONG ZHANG4 ZHENG-RONG ZHANG1. Department of Physics, Lanzhou City University, Lanzhou 730070, PR China; School of Mathematics and Physics, Lanzhou Jiaotong University, Lanzhou 730070, PR China; Key Laboratory of Atomic and ...

  9. Reply to the comment by Wu et al. (2016) on "Behavior of Re and Os during contact between an aqueous solution and oil: Consequences for the application of the Re-Os geochronometer to petroleum" [Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 158 (2015) 1-21

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reisberg, Laurie; Michels, Raymond; Mahdaoui, Fatima

    2016-08-01

    We reply here to the questions raised by Wu et al. concerning the results published by Mahdaoui et al. (2015). This paper describes experiments in which aqueous solutions containing ReO4- and OsCl62- were brought in contact with natural oils at various ranges of concentration, time and temperature. The main observation is that the transfer of Re and Os to oils is very efficient under all experimental conditions. Wu et al. argue that thermodynamic equilibrium was not achieved in these experiments as apparent partition coefficients are inconsistent. They conclude that the experiments were flawed by possible leaking of reactors and that the conclusions by Mahdaoui et al. (2015) were not justified. In the following reply we explain that Mahdaoui et al. (2015) never claimed that thermodynamic equilibrium was achieved. Any calculations or considerations in this context are therefore meaningless. We recall the objectives of our publication, which were to experimentally test the behavior of ReO4- and OsCl6- (two plausible chemical forms of Re and Os in deep aquifers of petroleum systems) in aqueous solution-oil systems. To our knowledge these are the first experiments of their kind. The parameters that could influence the precision and reproducibility of our results were discussed in detail in Mahdaoui et al. (2015). The essential point is that all 60 of the experiments provide evidence of substantial transfer of Re and Os from water to oil. In contrast to what was mistakenly understood by Wu et al., the paper does not challenge the use of Re-Os to date geological events affecting petroleum. Instead, by providing a mechanism that might allow Os isotopic homogenization on a basin-wide scale, a critical step missing from most current models, it offers a possible explanation of how Re-Os geochronology in oils could potentially work. More generally, our study suggests that transfer of Re and Os from waters to oil may be an important phenomenon that should not be overlooked.

  10. Diagrams for certain quotients of PSL(2,Z[i])

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    types. A technique is developed to count the number of fragments which frequently occur in the diagrams for the action of the Picard group on PL(Fp). ..... a Pythagorean prime, are composed of various types of fragments. There are .... The code is developed in Mathematica software to generate the permutation group of the.

  11. Quality Assessment of Biodiesels from Lophira Lanceolata and Zi

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    M.KYARI

    and mixing intensity of 300rpm.The oils and alkyl esters produced were studied for physicochemical and fuel properties. Oil yields were determined and alkyl ester yields were measured .... washed with hot water several times then dried over heated anhydrous sodium sulphate, followed by filtration using Whatman filter.

  12. Tvorba routeru na bázi Linuxu

    OpenAIRE

    SUDA, Jiří

    2011-01-01

    This thesis describes routers in general and their variants as well as the creation of my own PC issues linux-based router variant. It states pros and cons of this solution in detail. The administration and security are also mentioned.

  13. The influence of hallux valgus on pelvis and lower extremity movement during gait [Vliv valgózní deformity palce na pohyb pánve a dolních končetin při chůzi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miloslav Klugar

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The hallux and the first metatarsophalangeal joint play a major role in load transmission during walking. OBJECTIVE: The main aim of this study was to investigate differences in kinematics of the pelvis and lower extremities during gait by comparing people with hallux valgus (HV and a control group (CG. METHODS: We compared subjects with asymptomatic bilateral HV (n = 6, 57.8 ± 5.64 years with those who had CG (n = 11, 50.7 ± 4.41 years. Gait analysis was investigated using an optoelectronic system Vicon MX. The subjects walked at self-selected speeds. In total, five trials of each subject were analyzed. The statistical processing was performed by means of the Student t-test. The effect size was determined using the ω2 measure. RESULTS: In people with HV there was a significantly smaller maximum of dorsal flexion during the stance phase (p 0.06 and a greater maximum of plantar flexion at the beginning of the stance phase (p 0.06. The maximum of knee extension at the end of the swing phase was significantly greater (p 0.06 in subjects with HV. In the frontal plane, a significantly smaller maximum of hip abduction (p 0.06 during the gait cycle was observed in people with HV. The range of the pelvic obliquity (p 0.06 and the pelvic rotation (p 0.06 were significantly smaller in people with HV. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated that HV does not exclusively concern the foot. The valgus deformity of the big toe can negatively influence function of the lower extremities and can cause overloading of those segments as well.[VÝCHODISKA: Palec a I. metatarzofalangeální kloub hrají klíčovou úlohu v přenosu zatížení při chůzi. CÍLE: Účelem této studie bylo analyzovat a interpretovat rozdíly v kinematických parametrech chůze u osob s hallux valgus v porovnání s kontrolní skupinou. METODIKA: Porovnávali jsme osoby s asymptomatickou oboustrannou valgózní deformitou palce (n = 6; 57,8 ± 5,64 let s kontrolní skupinou

  14. Retraction: "Screening of candidate genes and fine mapping of drought tolerance quantitative trait loci on chromosome 4 in rice (Oryza sativa L.) under drought stress" by Nie, Y. Y., L. Zhang, Y. H. Wu, H. J. Liu, W. W. Mao, J. Du, et al.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    The above article, published online on 15 October 2015 in Wiley Online Library (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ece3.1786/abstract), has been retracted by agreement between the authors, the journal Editor in Chief, Allen Moore, and John Wiley & Sons Ltd. The authors have requested the retraction of their paper because they mistakenly analyzed the wrong backcross lines. This mistake was only recently discovered and they are now in the process of repeating the experiment using the correct Backcross Introgression Lines. The authors apologize for this mistake. Nie, Y. Y., L. Zhang, Y. H. Wu, H. J. Liu, W. W. Mao, J. Du, et al. 2015. Screening of candidate genes and fine mapping of drought tolerance quantitative trait loci on chromosome 4 in rice (Oryza sativa L.) under drought stress. Ecology and Evolution 5(21):5007-5015. doi: 10.1002/ece3.1786. [This retracts the article DOI: 10.1002/ece3.1786.].

  15. Adapting Shakespeare from Western Drama to Chinese Opera | Wu ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Two hundred and forty years after his death, Shakespeare was introduced to China. It was in 1856 that the British missionary William Muirhead mentioned the Bard of Avon in his Chinese translation of British history. In 1878, the first Chinese ambassador in Britain, Guo Song-tao, saw a performance of a Shakespeare play at ...

  16. The Vicissitudes of Walden | Wu | Marang: Journal of Language and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Applying the American philosopher Charles Sanders Peirce's semiotics to the reading of Walden Pond, leads to a discovery that the meanings of the pond can never be fixed or static, but will always be vicissitudinous. This insight underscores the point that any analysis of Walden that attempts to adopt a fixed focus is ...

  17. Supply chain management in selected clothing retail businesses / Jianling Wu

    OpenAIRE

    Wu, Jianling

    2004-01-01

    In today's highly competitive, global market place the pressure on organizations to find new ways to create and deliver value to customers grows ever strong. At the same time, market maturity combined with new sources of global competition has led to over-capacity in many industries leading to an inevitable pressure on price. Managers are increasingly interested in actively managing their supply chains because of environmental changes. The study is aimed to identify the importa...

  18. Caractérisation d'une modification éventuelle de la relation pluie-débit en Afrique de l'Ouest : cas du bassin versant du N'zi (Bandama en Côte d'Ivoire, Thèse de Doctorat, Université de Cocody-Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire, 210 p.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amani Michel Kouassi

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available De nombreuses études sur la variabilité climatique à l'échelle de l'Afrique de l'Ouest et de la Côte d'Ivoire, montrent qu'une tendance à la sécheresse s'est manifestée à partir de la fin de la décennie 1960. Ces anomalies pluviométriques observées sur plusieurs années consécutives se sont répercutées sur les écoulements des cours d'eau provoquant une baisse considérable de leurs caractéristiques hydrologiques (débits moyens annuels, débits moyens journaliers maximums, débits d'étiage, etc.. À côté de la variabilité hydroclimatique, il y a la dégradation du couvert végétal. Plusieurs travaux réalisés sont souvent orientés vers la caractérisation de la variabilité hydroclimatique et la prévision des ressources en eau. La présente thèse tente de répondre à une question qui nous semble essentielle : quelle est la dynamique de la transformation de la pluie en débit à l'échelle du bassin versant aux pas mensuel et annuel, par des modèles hydrologiques, dans un contexte de variabilité hydroclimatique et de modification de l'occupation du sol ? Et quelles sont les conséquences de cette dynamique pluie-débit sur les ressources en eau ?L'objectif de ce travail est d'identifier des tendances au sein de la relation pluie-débit et d'étudier ses impacts sur les ressources en eau du bassin versant du N'zi (Bandama dans un contexte de variabilité hydroclimatique et de modification de l'occupation du sol. Les résultats des différentes méthodes statistiques appliquées aux séries chronologiques de variables caractéristiques du régime pluviométrique et hydrométrique montrent que globalement sur le bassin versant du N'zi (Bandama, ces variables sont en baisse depuis les années 1970. Le déficit pluviométrique annuel varie entre 13 % et 24 %, alors que les débits moyens annuels des cours d'eau de surface présentent un déficit moyen de 52 %. Cependant, cette variabilité climatique n'a pas engendr

  19. α-Mangostin suppresses 12-o-tetradecanoylphorbol-13- acetate ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Odontology 2013; 101: 227-232. 16. Yuan J, Wu Y, Lu G. Alpha-mangostin suppresses lipopolysaccharide-induced invasion by inhibiting matrix metalloproteinase-2/9 and increasing E-cadherin expression through extracellular signal-regulated kinase signaling in pancreatic cancer cells. Oncol Lett 2013; 5: 1958-1964. 17.

  20. Journal of Genetics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Genetic diversity of bitter taste receptor gene family in Sichuan domestic and Tibetan chicken populations · YUAN SU DIYAN LI UMA GAUR YAN WANG NAN WU BINLONG CHEN HONGXIAN XU HUADONG YIN YAODONG HU QING ZHU · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. The sense of bitter taste plays a critical role in ...

  1. Danladi et al (22)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DELL

    Computer and Mechatronics, 11, 1, 97 – 105. Scott, Y. S. and Theodore, S. R. 1992 914MHz. Path Loss Prediction Models for Indoor. Wireless Communication in Multi. Floored Building. IEEE Transaction on antenna and propagation, 40, 2, 207 – 217. Wu, J. and Yuan, D. 1998. Propagation. Measurements and Modeling in ...

  2. The adverse reaction of chitooligosaccharides in rats

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Yomi

    2012-01-31

    Jan 31, 2012 ... for example Wu and Yuan (1995) and Shi et al. (2000) used chitin and chitosan for studying objects and gavage the largest amount of drugs in mice, .... Chitosan easily chelated many kinds of metal ions. Previous reports suggested that it was chelated arsenic that showed some toxicity. But this was denied ...

  3. Arsenic bioleaching in medical realgar ore and arsenic- bearing ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Wu XH, Sun DH, Zhuang ZX, Wang XR, Gong HF, Hong. JX, Lee FSC. Analysis and leaching characteristics of mercury and arsenic in Chinese medicinal material. Anal. Chim Acta 2002; 2: 311-323. 6. Ning N, Peng Z, Yuan L, Gou B, Zhang T, Wang K. Realgar nano-particles induce apoptosis and necrosis in leukemia cell ...

  4. PREPARATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF DIALDEHYDE ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    Journal of Microporous and Mesoporous. Materials 217, 63-70. Wang, H., Yuan, X. Z., Wu, Y., Huang, H. J., Zeng, G. M., and Liu, Y. (2013). Adsorption characteristics and behaviors of graphene oxide for Zn(II) removal from aqueous solution. Journal of Applied Surface Science,. 279, 432–440. Xu Y., Xie Z. and Xue L. (2011) ...

  5. Withdrawal

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    The paper “Anaerobic oxidation of methane in coastal sediment from Guishan Island. (Pearl River Estuary), South China Sea” by Zijun Wu, Huaiyang Zhou, Xiaotong Peng,. Nan Jia, Yuhong Wang and Linxi Yuan (Journal of Earth System Science, Volume 117,. No. 6, pages 935–944, December 2008) overlaps in scope and ...

  6. Bulletin of Materials Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science. Liqing Luo. Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 35 Issue 2 April 2012 pp 259-263. Crystal growth and magnetic property of YFeO3 crystal · Anhua Wu Hui Shen Jun Xu Zhanliang Wang Linwen Jiang Liqing Luo Shujuan Yuan Shixun Cao Huaijin Zhang.

  7. Journal of Genetics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Yu-Song Guo Zhong-Duo Wang Cheng-Zhong Yan Yu-Lan Zhang Jin-Nan Zheng Yuan-Min Xu Tao Du Chu-Wu Liu · More Details Fulltext PDF. pp e37-e43. Development of thirty-four novel polymorphic microsatellite markers in Coilia ectenes (Clupeiformes: Engraulidae) and cross-species amplification in two closely ...

  8. Activity of Tri-N-Butyl Tin maleate in carpets against Staphylococcus aureus and Aspergillus niger, verified through two methodologies: Inhibition Halo (HZ and Inhibition Surface (Print Atividade de tri-n-butyl tin maleate em carpetes contra Staphylococcus aureus e Aspergillus niger, verificada através de duas metodologias: Zona de Inibição (ZI e Superfície de Inibição (Impressão

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Satiko Uehara

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the present study was to verify the activity of the Tri-N-Butyl Tin maleate compound against Staphylococcus aureus and Aspergillus niger, after its industrial application in 40 samples of carpets of different materials (polypropylene, polyester, polyamide and wool. The qualitative assays were performed through two methodologies: Inhibition Halo (HZ and Inhibition of Surface (Print. The carpet with the product inhibited 100% of bacterial (Staphylococcus aureus and fungi (Aspergillus niger growth, under the conditions of this study. The microbial inhibition was higher in upper portion of carpets. The methodologies employed appear to be adequate to test the bactericide and fungicide activities of the Tri-N-Butyl Tin maleate. The print methodology confirmed the results obtained by the inhibition zone assay. Further studies using the same methodologies are needed to confirm our results.O objetivo do presente estudo foi verificar a atividade do composto maleato de estanho tri-n-butílico contra Staphylococcus aureus e Aspergillus niger, após sua aplicação industrial em 40 amostras de carpetes de diferentes materiais (polipropileno, poliéster, poliamida e lã. Os ensaios qualitativos foram realizados através de duas metodologias: Zona de Inibição (ZI e Superfície de Inibição (Impressão. Os carpetes tratados com o produto apresentaram 100% de inibição de crescimento bacteriano (Staphylococcus aureus e fúngico (Aspergillus niger, sob as condições desse estudo. A inibição de crescimento microbiano foi mais elevada na porção superior dos carpetes. As metodologias empregadas parecem ser adequadas para testar a atividade bactericida e fungicida do maleato de estanho tri-n-butílico. A metodologia de impressão confirmou os resultados obtidos no ensaio de zona de inibição. Estudos futuros utilizando as mesmas metodologias são necessários para confirmação destes dados.

  9. Euros vs. Yuan: Comparing European and Chinese Fishing Access in West Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belhabib, Dyhia; Sumaila, U. Rashid; Lam, Vicky W. Y.; Zeller, Dirk; Le Billon, Philippe; Abou Kane, Elimane; Pauly, Daniel

    2015-01-01

    We compare the performance of European Union (EU) and Chinese fisheries access agreements with West African countries in terms of illegal and unreported fishing, economic equity, and patterns of exploitation. Bottom-up re-estimations of catch reveal that the EU (1.6 million t•year-1) and China (2.3 million t•year-1) report only 29% and 8%, respectively, of their estimated total catches (including estimated discards whenever possible) from West African countries between 2000 and 2010. EU catches are declining, while Chinese catches are increasing and are yet to reach the historic maximum level of EU catches (3 million t•year-1 on average in the 1970s-1980s). The monetary value of EU fishing agreements, correlated in theory with reported catches, is straightforward to access, in contrast to Chinese agreements. However, once quantified, the value of Chinese agreements is readily traceable within the African economy through the different projects they directly cover, in contrast to the funds disbursed [to host governments] by the EU. Overall, China provides resources equivalent to about 4% of the ex-vessel value [value at landing] of the catch taken by Chinese distant-water fleets from West African waters, while the EU pays 8%. We address the difficulties of separating fees directly related to fishing from other economic or political motivations for Chinese fees, which could introduce a bias to the present findings as this operation is not performed for EU access fees officially related to fishing. Our study reveals that the EU and China perform similarly in terms of illegal fishing, patterns of exploitation and sustainability of resource use, while under-reporting by the EU increases and that by China decreases. The EU agreements provide, in theory, room for improving scientific research, monitoring and surveillance, suggesting a better performance than for Chinese agreements, but the end-use of the EU funds are more difficult, and sometime impossible to ascertain. PMID:25793775

  10. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Brightest cluster galaxies Radio luminosity (Yuan+, 2016)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuan, Z. S.; Han, J. L.; Wen, Z. L.

    2017-11-01

    Based on the largest optical catalogue of galaxy clusters of Wen and Han (2015, Cat. J/ApJ/807/178) and the largest radio survey data base of the NVSS (Condon et al., 1998, Cat. VIII/65) and FIRST (Helfand et al., Cat. VIII/92), we identified a large sample of 7138 radio-loud BCGs. More than half of radio BCGs host a AGN, and some of them show star-formation features. (1 data file).

  11. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Galaxy clusters: radio halos, relics and parameters (Yuan+, 2015)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuan, Z. S.; Han, J. L.; Wen, Z. L.

    2017-10-01

    A large number of radio halos, relics, and mini-halos have been discovered and measured in recent decades through observations with VLA (e.g., Giovannini & Feretti 2000NewA....5..335G; van Weeren et al. 2011A&A...533A..35V), GMRT (e.g., Venturi et al. 2007A&A...463..937V; Kale et al. 2015A&A...579A..92K), WSRT (e.g., van Weeren et al. 2010Sci...330..347V; Trasatti et al. 2015A&A...575A..45T), and also ATCA (e.g., Shimwell et al. 2014MNRAS.440.2901S, 2015MNRAS.449.1486S). We have checked the radio images of radio halos, relics, and mini-halos in the literature and collected in Table 1 the radio flux Sν at frequencies within a few per cent around 1.4 GHz, 610 MHz, and 325 MHz; we have interpolated the flux at an intermediate frequency if measurements are available at higher and lower frequencies. To establish reliable scaling relations, we include only the very firm detection of diffuse radio emission in galaxy clusters, and omit questionable detections or flux estimates due to problematic point-source subtraction. (3 data files).

  12. [Hemothorax caused by primary pleural chondrosarcoma: a case report and review of literatureYuan].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuan, Y Q; Zhu, L Y; Zeng, H H; Zhou, R; Chen, P

    2016-11-12

    Objective: To analyze the clinical features of one case of spontaneous hemothorax caused by primary pleural chondrosarcoma and therefore to improve the understanding of this disease. Methods: The clinical features of a case with primary pleural chondrosarcoma were analyzed retrospectively and the related literatures were reviewed.The literature review was carried out with "primary pleural, chondrosarcoma" in Chinese and English respectively, as the search terms in Wanfang Data, CNKI and PubMed database from January 1980 to October 2015. A total of 6 articales, 1 in Chinese and 5 in English, were reviewed. Results: A 29 year-old male patient was admitted to the hospital because of fever, chest tightness, shortness of breath for 20 days. CT scan of the chest showed a mass near the right posterior fourth rib and right pleural effusion.Routine examination of the pleural effusion confirmed the presence of hemothorax. Thoracotomy was performed and revealed hemothorax in the right thorax, and a mass near the pleural apex. The tumor was removed by surgery and pleural decortication was also performed. Pathology study confirmed the diagnosis of high-differentiated chondrosarcoma. The patient was followed and there was no recurrence until now. A total of 6 case reports were retrieved from Wanfang Data, CNKI and PubMed. Five cases had complete data, including 2 males and 3 females(age from 28 to70), and another (a 78-year old male) without adequate data. Conclusions: Primary pleural chondrosarcoma is a rare disease, and hemothorax as the first manifestation is even rare. It is easily to be misdiagnosed due to nonspecific clinical symptoms.The final diagnosis depends ultimately on pathological biopsy. Thoracotomy is the most effective method for treatment of primary pleural chondrosarcoma.

  13. 'Pays' -'Land'-'Yuan Lin'. The power of landscape (architecture) terms

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bruns, D.; Brink, van den A.

    2012-01-01

    In order to continue building a common body of knowledge, landscape architecture researchers and practitioners must refer to the same fundamental concepts – particularly in those instances where different words are used to describe them. This paper puts the focus on ‘landscape’, probably the most

  14. Studies on Anti-Hepatoma Effect of Gan-Ai-Xiao Decoction | Yuan ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Purpose: To explore the anti-hepatoma effect of Gan-Ai-Xiao Decoction (GAXD), a folk remedy. Methods: High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was used to identify the major chemical components of GAXD ethanol extract (EE). The cytotoxic effect of GAXD EE against HepG2 cells was measured by methyl ...

  15. VizieR Online Data Catalog: High-mass starless clump candidates from ATLASGAL (Yuan+, 2017)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuan, J.; Wu, Y.; Ellingsen, S. P.; Evans, N. J., II; Henkel, C.; Wang, K.; Liu, H.-L.; Liu, T.; Li, J.-Z.; Zavagno, A.

    2017-08-01

    This work is based on data from several Galactic plane surveys covering wavelengths from mid-IR to submillimeter. The sample of dense clumps from the ATLASGAL survey (Schuller+ 2009A&A...504..415S) provides the basis for our investigation. The ATLASGAL survey mapped 420 square degrees of the Galactic plane between -80°PACS and -SPIRE) have been used to further constrain the starless clump candidates and investigate their dust properties. (2 data files).

  16. Euros vs. yuan: comparing European and Chinese fishing access in West Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belhabib, Dyhia; Sumaila, U Rashid; Lam, Vicky W Y; Zeller, Dirk; Le Billon, Philippe; Abou Kane, Elimane; Pauly, Daniel

    2015-01-01

    We compare the performance of European Union (EU) and Chinese fisheries access agreements with West African countries in terms of illegal and unreported fishing, economic equity, and patterns of exploitation. Bottom-up re-estimations of catch reveal that the EU (1.6 million t•year(-1)) and China (2.3 million t•year(-1)) report only 29% and 8%, respectively, of their estimated total catches (including estimated discards whenever possible) from West African countries between 2000 and 2010. EU catches are declining, while Chinese catches are increasing and are yet to reach the historic maximum level of EU catches (3 million t•year(-1) on average in the 1970s-1980s). The monetary value of EU fishing agreements, correlated in theory with reported catches, is straightforward to access, in contrast to Chinese agreements. However, once quantified, the value of Chinese agreements is readily traceable within the African economy through the different projects they directly cover, in contrast to the funds disbursed [to host governments] by the EU. Overall, China provides resources equivalent to about 4% of the ex-vessel value [value at landing] of the catch taken by Chinese distant-water fleets from West African waters, while the EU pays 8%. We address the difficulties of separating fees directly related to fishing from other economic or political motivations for Chinese fees, which could introduce a bias to the present findings as this operation is not performed for EU access fees officially related to fishing. Our study reveals that the EU and China perform similarly in terms of illegal fishing, patterns of exploitation and sustainability of resource use, while under-reporting by the EU increases and that by China decreases. The EU agreements provide, in theory, room for improving scientific research, monitoring and surveillance, suggesting a better performance than for Chinese agreements, but the end-use of the EU funds are more difficult, and sometime impossible to ascertain.

  17. Euros vs. yuan: comparing European and Chinese fishing access in West Africa.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dyhia Belhabib

    Full Text Available We compare the performance of European Union (EU and Chinese fisheries access agreements with West African countries in terms of illegal and unreported fishing, economic equity, and patterns of exploitation. Bottom-up re-estimations of catch reveal that the EU (1.6 million t•year(-1 and China (2.3 million t•year(-1 report only 29% and 8%, respectively, of their estimated total catches (including estimated discards whenever possible from West African countries between 2000 and 2010. EU catches are declining, while Chinese catches are increasing and are yet to reach the historic maximum level of EU catches (3 million t•year(-1 on average in the 1970s-1980s. The monetary value of EU fishing agreements, correlated in theory with reported catches, is straightforward to access, in contrast to Chinese agreements. However, once quantified, the value of Chinese agreements is readily traceable within the African economy through the different projects they directly cover, in contrast to the funds disbursed [to host governments] by the EU. Overall, China provides resources equivalent to about 4% of the ex-vessel value [value at landing] of the catch taken by Chinese distant-water fleets from West African waters, while the EU pays 8%. We address the difficulties of separating fees directly related to fishing from other economic or political motivations for Chinese fees, which could introduce a bias to the present findings as this operation is not performed for EU access fees officially related to fishing. Our study reveals that the EU and China perform similarly in terms of illegal fishing, patterns of exploitation and sustainability of resource use, while under-reporting by the EU increases and that by China decreases. The EU agreements provide, in theory, room for improving scientific research, monitoring and surveillance, suggesting a better performance than for Chinese agreements, but the end-use of the EU funds are more difficult, and sometime impossible to ascertain.

  18. Browse Title Index - African Journals Online

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Q Xu, Y Liu, Y-B Cong, Y-Y Zheng, J-P Zhang, Y Cui, H Shi. Vol 15, No 11 (2016), Generation of truncated ... Shou-Liang Wang, Lian Duan, Wei Li, Gong-Ming Wang, Meng-Yuan Zhang. Vol 13, No 12 (2014), Genoprotective and ... Yanbing Wu, Zhenmin Yan, Junjun Zhao, Yinghui Zhu. Vol 14, No 5 (2015), Headspace ...

  19. Voltage-Controlled Switching and Thermal Effects in VO2 Nano-Gap Junctions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-06-09

    Driscoll, J. Quinn, M. Di Ventra, D. N. Basov, G. Seo, Y.-W. Lee, H.-T. Kim, and D. R. Smith, Phys. Rev. B 86, 094203 (2012). 35A. Zimmers , L. Aigouy...R. T. Han , S. D. Mahanti, P. M. Duxbury, F. Yuan, C.-Y. Ruan, K. Wang, and J. Wu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 166406 (2012). 40C. Ko, Z. Yang, and S

  20. A Brief History of Physics in China,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-08-31

    birth and death unknown) of the Yuan dynasty stated that lotus seeds were initially submerged in four different salt solutions whose concentration was...34 documented the construction metho. of the south-pointing cart by Yian Su (960-1040) in 1027 and Wu De-Ren (dates of birth and death unknown) in 1107. The...book also documented how Lu Dao-Long (dates of birth and death unknown) constructed the distance-registering cart in 1027. According to the record

  1. Page 1 Page 2 SCIOHJLIGHW GIN W STWIRIGH LVIAI Z “ON (ZI ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... CC CCCK MMCllCCCCSSSLLLLCCC LL LLLLLL LC CLLCCLCCC CCCLLL LLLC CCCCL. S0000S SLCCL LCaa SL0 KMCC LCmmmaa aaaaaaa aaaC CC CCCCCCCC CCCS. LLLCCCCCLSLLLLLLL LL LLCa aaTLLL LLCC LLLCCCCLLLLL LCCaaaaaCLLL LL LLLmmL mmC LL CCCCCCLLCCC CC llCCCCCCC ...

  2. Konstrukce chemosenzorů na bázi cyklodextrinů

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Hezký, Petr; Jindřich, J.

    2009-01-01

    Roč. 103, č. 11 (2009), s. 951-952 ISSN 0009-2770. [Pokroky v organické, bioorganické a farmaceutické chemii /44./. 27.11.2009-29.11.2009, Liblice] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40550506 Keywords : cyclodextrin e * chemosensor Subject RIV: CC - Organic Chemistry

  3. Inbound marketing v provozní fázi webu

    OpenAIRE

    Váňa, Vojtěch

    2013-01-01

    The aim of the diploma thesis is the analysis of set inbound marketing components and suggestion of a strategical concept with the option of real processing of this web within the bounds of possibility of the set marketing components. In the theoretical part of the thesis, the whole strategy of inbound marketing and its general inbound marketing components are presented. In the practical part of the thesis, the analysis of the website magazine in connection with user behaviour is presented, i...

  4. Growth and characterization of transparent Pb(Zi ,Ti)O3 capacitor on glass substrate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uprety, K. K.; Ocola, L. E.; Auciello, O.

    2007-10-01

    (Pb)(Zr0.52Ti0.48)O3 (PZT) films were fabricated on LaNiO3 (LNO)/In2O3 90%SnO210% (ITO) layered transparent electrodes on glass substrates using chemical solution deposition. The structural, electrical, and optical properties of semitransparent Pd/PZT/LNO/ITO and transparent ITO/LNO/PZT/LNO/ITO capacitors fabricated on glass substrates were studied. X-ray diffraction revealed an improved crystalline structure of PZT on ITO-buffered glass substrates by interposing a LNO layer between PZT and ITO. Atomic force microscopy showed a smoother surface topography for the LNO/ITO layered electrode on glass, as compared to that of the single ITO layer on glass. The remnant polarization (Pr) of the Pd/PZT/LNO/ITO/glass capacitors and transparent ITO/LNO/PZT/LNO/ITO/glass capacitors was estimated from P-E hysteresis loops. The Pd/PZT/LNO/ITO capacitors on glass revealed significant improvement in the Pr as compared to PZT film based capacitors with ITO electrodes only. Excellent optical transmittance was observed for the whole capacitor structure. The importance of a high performance transparent capacitor is that this structure may enable high efficiency transparent electronic devices such as solar energy storage, photovoltaic, and intelligent windows, among others.

  5. Elucidation of mechanism of Si-jun-zi decoction-induced reversal of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Variable importance projection (VIP > 1) and Student's t–test (p < 0.05) were used for biomarker selection. Results: Enzymatic results showed that the level of amylase (AMY), pepsin (LPS) and pepsase were significantly lower in the untreated rats than in normal control rats and SJZD group rats (P < 0.05). Histopathological ...

  6. Computational Thermodynamics of Materials Zi-Kui Liu and Yi Wang

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Devanathan, Ram

    2017-02-01

    This authoritative volume introduces the reader to computational thermodynamics and the use of this approach to the design of material properties by tailoring the chemical composition. The text covers applications of this approach, introduces the relevant computational codes, and offers exercises at the end of each chapter. The book has nine chapters and two appendices that provide background material on computer codes. Chapter 1 covers the first and second laws of thermodynamics, introduces the spinodal as the limit of stability, and presents the Gibbs-Duhem equation. Chapter 2 focuses on the Gibbs energy function. Starting with a homogeneous system with a single phase, the authors proceed to phases with variable compositions, and polymer blends. The discussion includes the contributions of external electric and magnetic fields to the Gibbs energy. Chapter 3 deals with phase equilibria in heterogeneous systems, the Gibbs phase rule, and phase diagrams. Chapter 4 briefly covers experimental measurements of thermodynamic properties used as input for thermodynamic modeling by Calculation of Phase Diagrams (CALPHAD). Chapter 5 discusses the use of density functional theory to obtain thermochemical data and fill gaps where experimental data is missing. The reader is introduced to the Vienna Ab Initio Simulation Package (VASP) for density functional theory and the YPHON code for phonon calculations. Chapter 6 introduces the modeling of Gibbs energy of phases with the CALPHAD method. Chapter 7 deals with chemical reactions and the Ellingham diagram for metal-oxide systems and presents the calculation of the maximum reaction rate from equilibrium thermodynamics. Chapter 8 is devoted to electrochemical reactions and Pourbaix diagrams with application examples. Chapter 9 concludes this volume with the application of a model of multiple microstates to Ce and Fe3Pt. CALPHAD modeling is briefly discussed in the context of genomics of materials. The book introduces basic thermodynamic concepts clearly and directs readers to appropriate references for advanced concepts and details of software implementation. The list of references is quite comprehensive. The authors make liberal use of diagrams to illustrate key concepts. The two Appendices at the end discuss software requirements and the file structure, and present templates for special quasi-random structures. There is also a link to download pre-compiled binary files of the YPHON code for Linux or Microsoft Windows systems. The exercises at the end of the chapters assume that the reader has access to VASP, which is not freeware. Readers without access to this code can work on a limited number of exercises. However, results from other first principles codes can be organized in the YPHON format as explained in the Appendix. This book will serve as an excellent reference on computational thermodynamics and the exercises provided at the end of each chapter make it valuable as a graduate level textbook. Reviewer: Ram Devanathan is Acting Director of Earth Systems Science Division, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, USA.

  7. LIMBA ROMÂNĂ DE ASTĂZI SI INFLUENŢA MEDIA (DAR NU NUMAI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dumitru TIUTIUCA

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available The present paper reviews some specific phenomenafrequently considered to display ”negative” values, regarding the presenceof particular facts occurring in our contemporary Romanian language, someof them being determined and promoted by the powerful media influenceexerted within nowadays society. Actually, this kind of „paradigmaticchange”, which has been present also with the language domain, occurswithin the larger European and Postmodern milieu. The author’s premiseslie in the fundamental idea that language turns into a living organism andconsequently points out „the metamorphosis of living”: it is born, grows anddies, shows internal deformations, namely „the pathologies” called„language mistakes”, as well as various complexes and syndromes etc.Among these, there are brought into discussion the intricate issue ofRomanian language as of Latin origin, the acute offensive of Anglo-Saxon, Italian and Spanish neologisms, the contradictions occurred between their written and spoken forms, the persistence of „stereotype language” within structures, the pronunciation of foreign words, avoiding cacophonies, the aggression of the licentious and so on.

  8. Traditional Chinese Medicine Induced Liver Injury.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teschke, Rolf

    2014-06-01

    Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) is popular around the world and encompasses many different practices with particular emphasis on herbal TCM. Using the PubMed database, a literature search was undertaken to assess the extent herbal TCM products exert rare hepatotoxicity. Analysis of reported cases revealed numerous specified herbal TCM products with potential hepatotoxicity. Among these were An Shu Ling, Bai Fang, Bai Xian Pi, Ban Tu Wan, Bo He, Bo Ye Qing Niu Dan, Bofu Tsu Sho San, Boh Gol Zhee, Cang Er Zi, Chai Hu, Chaso, Chi R Yun, Chuan Lian Zi, Ci Wu Jia, Da Chai Hu Tang, Da Huang, Du Huo, Gan Cao, Ge Gen, Ho Shou Wu, Hu Bohe You, Hu Zhang, Huang Qin, Huang Yao Zi, Hwang Geun Cho, Ji Gu Cao, Ji Ji, Ji Xue Cao, Jiguja, Jin Bu Huan, Jue Ming Zi, Kamishoyosan, Kudzu, Lei Gong Teng, Long Dan Xie Gan Tang, Lu Cha, Ma Huang, Mao Guo Tian Jie Cai, Onshido, Polygonum multiflorum, Qian Li Guang, Ren Shen, Sairei To, Shan Chi, Shen Min, Shi Can, Shi Liu Pi, Shou Wu Pian, Tian Hua Fen, White flood, Wu Bei Zi, Xi Shu, Xiao Chai Hu Tang, Yin Chen Hao, Zexie, Zhen Chu Cao, and various unclassified Chinese herbal mixtures. Causality was firmly established for a number of herbal TCM products by a positive reexposure test result, the liver specific scale of CIOMS (Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences), or both. Otherwise, the quality of case data was mixed, especially regarding analysis of the herb ingredients because of adulteration with synthetic drugs, contamination with heavy metals, and misidentification. In addition, non-herbal TCM elements derived from Agaricus blazei, Agkistrodon, Antelope, Bombyx, Carp, Fish gallbladder, Phellinus, Scolopendra, Scorpio, and Zaocys are also known or potential hepatotoxins. For some patients, the clinical course was severe, with risks for acute liver failure, liver transplantation requirement, and lethality. In conclusion, the use of few herbal TCM products may rarely be associated with hepatotoxicity in some

  9. Traditional Chinese Medicine Induced Liver Injury

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) is popular around the world and encompasses many different practices with particular emphasis on herbal TCM. Using the PubMed database, a literature search was undertaken to assess the extent herbal TCM products exert rare hepatotoxicity. Analysis of reported cases revealed numerous specified herbal TCM products with potential hepatotoxicity. Among these were An Shu Ling, Bai Fang, Bai Xian Pi, Ban Tu Wan, Bo He, Bo Ye Qing Niu Dan, Bofu Tsu Sho San, Boh Gol Zhee, Cang Er Zi, Chai Hu, Chaso, Chi R Yun, Chuan Lian Zi, Ci Wu Jia, Da Chai Hu Tang, Da Huang, Du Huo, Gan Cao, Ge Gen, Ho Shou Wu, Hu Bohe You, Hu Zhang, Huang Qin, Huang Yao Zi, Hwang Geun Cho, Ji Gu Cao, Ji Ji, Ji Xue Cao, Jiguja, Jin Bu Huan, Jue Ming Zi, Kamishoyosan, Kudzu, Lei Gong Teng, Long Dan Xie Gan Tang, Lu Cha, Ma Huang, Mao Guo Tian Jie Cai, Onshido, Polygonum multiflorum, Qian Li Guang, Ren Shen, Sairei To, Shan Chi, Shen Min, Shi Can, Shi Liu Pi, Shou Wu Pian, Tian Hua Fen, White flood, Wu Bei Zi, Xi Shu, Xiao Chai Hu Tang, Yin Chen Hao, Zexie, Zhen Chu Cao, and various unclassified Chinese herbal mixtures. Causality was firmly established for a number of herbal TCM products by a positive reexposure test result, the liver specific scale of CIOMS (Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences), or both. Otherwise, the quality of case data was mixed, especially regarding analysis of the herb ingredients because of adulteration with synthetic drugs, contamination with heavy metals, and misidentification. In addition, non-herbal TCM elements derived from Agaricus blazei, Agkistrodon, Antelope, Bombyx, Carp, Fish gallbladder, Phellinus, Scolopendra, Scorpio, and Zaocys are also known or potential hepatotoxins. For some patients, the clinical course was severe, with risks for acute liver failure, liver transplantation requirement, and lethality. In conclusion, the use of few herbal TCM products may rarely be associated with hepatotoxicity in some

  10. N(HI) and Jet Power/Emission in AGNs Zhongzu Wu1,∗ , Minfeng ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Abstract. Neutral hydrogen (HI) 21-cm absorption has been detected against very powerful radio jets. In this paper, based on Gupta's sample. (Gupta et al. 2006), we present our preliminary study of the correlations between the HI column density N(HI) and the jet power, N(HI) versus the low frequency luminosity at 408 MHz, ...

  11. Reviving ancient Chinese mathematics mathematics, history and politics in the work of Wu Wen-Tsun

    CERN Document Server

    Hudecek, Jiri

    2014-01-01

    Twentieth-century China has been caught between a desire to increase its wealth and power in line with other advanced nations, which, by implication, means copying their institutions, practices and values, whilst simultaneously seeking to preserve China's independence and historically formed identity. Over time, Chinese philosophers, writers, artists and politicians have all sought to reconcile these goals and this book shows how this search for a Chinese way penetrated even the most central, least contested area of modernity: science.Reviving Ancient Chinese Mathematics is a study of the life

  12. Restoration and source identification of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons after the Wu Yi San oil spill, Korea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jang, Yu Lee; Lee, Hyo Jin; Jeong, He Jin; Park, Shin Yeong; Yang, Won Ho; Kim, Heung-Yun; Kim, Gi Beum

    2016-10-15

    On January 31, 2014, an oil spill accident occurred in Yeosu, South Korea. A total 800-899kl of oil from the pipeline was spilled into the sea. After the oil spill, the KIOST (Korea Institute of Ocean Science & Technology) researched PAHs (polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons) in various media, but sedimentary PAHs were not analyzed despite their longer persistency than in other media. Therefore, this study examined PAH levels in intertidal sediments around Gwangyang Bay and identified PAH sources using oil fingerprinting. PAH residual levels showed a dramatic decrease during the four months after the accident and then remained at a relatively constant level. Analysis through regression equations indicate that this study area is likely to be restored to the PAH levels prior to the accident. Furthermore, the source analysis and oil fingerprinting analysis showed that PAH contamination in this study was unlikely to have originated from the spilled oil. Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  13. BN~r" .wU1!9 1\\ I

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    email, postal and residential address, telephone numbers, academic qualifications starting from B.Sc 'onwards, teaching experience, courses taught, positions held and a statement indicating reasons for interest in participating in the course. Teachers applying for participation are also requested to indicate that necessary ...

  14. You Wei and Wu Wei: Ambivalence of Chinese outbound mergers and acquisitions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sun, Z.

    2016-01-01

    China is assuming an increasingly prominent position in the world economy as the investment begins to flow from China to the world. Compared to the ‘West goes to China’, the institutional environment, the cultural roots and the corresponding managerial behaviours are quite distinct. These distinct

  15. Analysing the Wu metric on a class of eggs in Cn–II

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. G P BALAKUMAR1 PRACHI MAHAJAN2. Indian Statistical Institute, Chennai 600 113, India; Department of Mathematics, Indian Institute of Technology – Bombay, Mumbai 400 076, India ...

  16. Effect of Zhen-wu decoction on chronic heart failure in rats

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    legislation_en.htm. 16. Seddon M, Looi YH, Shah AM. Oxidative stress and redox signalling in cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure. Heart 2006; 12: 131-138. 17. Azevedo PS, Minicucci MF, Santos PP. Energy metabolism in cardiac remodeling and ...

  17. Estimating Black Hole Masses of Blazars Xue-Bing Wu1,∗ , FK Liu1 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Using this technique, the BLR size can be measured using the time lag between variations of continuum and emission line fluxes. The black hole mass can be derived from the BLR size and the characteristic velocity using the virial law. So far, reverberation mapping studies have yielded black hole masses of about 40.

  18. Molecular epidemiology of WU polyomavirus in hospitalized children with acute respiratory tract infection in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Teng; Lu, Qing-Bin; Zhang, Shu-Yan; Wo, Ying; Zhuang, Lu; Zhang, Pan-He; Zhang, Xiao-Ai; Wei, Wei; Liu, Wei

    2017-05-01

    To explore the molecular epidemiology and clinical characteristics of Washington University polyomavirus (WUPyV) infection in pediatric patients with acute respiratory tract infections in China. A laboratory surveillance was performed to recruit pediatric patients with acute respiratory tract infections. WUPyV was detected using real-time PCR and complete genome was sequenced for randomly selected positive nasopharyngeal aspirate. Altogether 122 (7.5%) of 1617 children found to be infected with WUPyV and 88 (72.1%) were coinfected with other viruses during 2012-2015. The phylogenetic analysis showed that 14 strains from our study formed two new clusters (Id and IIIc) within the Branch I and Branch III, respectively. WUPyV is persistently circulating in China. Surveillance on WUPyV infection in wider areas and long persistence is warranted.

  19. Effect of healthy Qigong “WuQinXi” exercise on peripheral blood T ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    USER

    2010-07-19

    Jul 19, 2010 ... tation in order to enhance their TCC skills and provide an exercise cool-down. All participants were asked to continue their normal living routines without restricting their diets or altering their eating habits. After 3 months (when subjects had fasted for at least 8 h), blood was collected, centrifuged at 3500 rpm ...

  20. Analysing the Wu metric on a class of eggs in ℂn – I

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    G P BALAKUMAR

    imal metric η, form a new metric whose unit ball about the origin in each tangent space, is the ellipsoid of minimal volume containing the unit ball with respect to η. By an ellip- soid, we mean the image of a ball in the standard l2-norm, under a linear automorphism of. Cn. As ellipsoids furnish the simplest compact convex sets ...

  1. Effect of Zhen-wu decoction on chronic heart failure in rats | Liu ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research. Journal Home · ABOUT THIS JOURNAL · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives · Journal Home > Vol 16, No 10 (2017) >. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.

  2. Traditional Chinese Medicine and herbal hepatotoxicity: a tabular compilation of reported cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teschke, Rolf; Zhang, Li; Long, Hongzhu; Schwarzenboeck, Alexander; Schmidt-Taenzer, Wolfgang; Genthner, Alexander; Wolff, Albrecht; Frenzel, Christian; Schulze, Johannes; Eickhoff, Axel

    2015-01-01

    Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) with its focus on herbal use became popular worldwide. Treatment was perceived as safe, with neglect of rare adverse reactions including liver injury. To compile worldwide cases of liver injury by herbal TCM, we undertook a selective literature search in the PubMed database and searched for the items Traditional Chinese Medicine, TCM, Traditional Asian Medicine, and Traditional Oriental Medicine, also combined with the terms herbal hepatotoxicity or herb induced liver injury. The search focused primarily on English-language case reports, case series, and clinical reviews. We identified reported hepatotoxicity cases in 77 relevant publications with 57 different herbs and herbal mixtures of TCM, which were further analyzed for causality by the Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences (CIOMS) scale, positive reexposure test results, or both. Causality was established for 28/57 different herbs or herbal mixtures, Bai Xian Pi, Bo He, Ci Wu Jia, Chuan Lian Zi, Da Huang, Gan Cao, Ge Gen, Ho Shou Wu, Huang Qin, Hwang Geun Cho, Ji Gu Cao, Ji Xue Cao, Jin Bu Huan, Jue Ming Zi, Jiguja, Kudzu, Ling Yang Qing Fei Keli, Lu Cha, Rhen Shen, Ma Huang, Shou Wu Pian, Shan Chi, Shen Min, Syo Saiko To, Xiao Chai Hu Tang, Yin Chen Hao, Zexie, and Zhen Chu Cao. In conclusion, this compilation of liver injury cases establishes causality for 28/57 different TCM herbs and herbal mixtures, aiding diagnosis for physicians who care for patients with liver disease possibly related to herbal TCM.

  3. Integrated Exchange Rate Model (IERM) & Chinese Yuan & US Dollar : The case of working capital management in logistics

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jan Jansen

    2011-01-01

    With the transportation of goods over long distances not just goods but also an inventory is being shipped. The value of this inventory could change due to the fluctuations in the exchange rates of the involved (international) currencies. This article introduces an integrated exchange rate model to

  4. The Yuan vs. the Dollar: China and the United States are Already in a "Hot" War

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-05-19

    HotWar is named as such because it is a money-centric conflict where speculative money (Le., "Hof’ money in FOREX )reigns as an instrument of economic and...exchange ( FOREX ) market. Here, the USD valiantly attempts to defend its reserved position in the world, while it is dragged into collisions with the...the two nations; rather, the value ofthese two currencies, which perennially draw speculative (i.e., "hot") money in the FOREX markets, is the

  5. Studium geometrie a kinetiky degradace injikovatelných dep na bázi poly(N-isopropylakrylamidu)

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Švec, Pavel; Sedláček, Ondřej; Gálisová, A.; Jirátová, M.; Jirák, D.; Hrubý, Martin

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 11, č. 1 (2015), s. 160 ISSN 1336-7242. [Zjazd chemikov /67./. 07.09.2015-11.09.2015, Horný Smokovec] R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GA13-08336S; GA MPO(CZ) FR-TI4/625; GA MZd(CZ) NV15-25781A Grant - others:AV ČR(CZ) M200501201 Program:M Institutional support: RVO:61389013 Keywords : thermoresponsive polymers * magnetic resonance imaging * polymeric depot Subject RIV: FD - Oncology ; Hematology

  6. Strukturované produkty na bázi komodit a jejich ekonomický význam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oldřich Rejnuš

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Purpose of the article: The article deals with issues of contemporary interconnecting of commodities market with financial investment instrument markets, with special regards to the influence of contemporary changes in commodities trading and creating individual sorts of structured products based on commodities. Considering the fact that mutual interconnections between commodities and financial investment instruments are not random, where, beside its theoretical interestingness, they have their insignificant economic importance, the aim of the article is to analyse contemporary utilization of individual sorts of commodity structured products both from the point of view of theoretical nature and, before all, their economic importance. In connection with it, reasons of contemporary spreading of synthetic financial derivative instruments derived from commodities, commodity stock exchange indexes or individually constructed, so called commodity baskets, are explored. And last but not least, it deals with a question whether this is just a temporary situation or continuation of the phenomenon can be supposed. Methodology/methods: The article deals with system analysis of relations between commodity underlying assets and individual sorts of structured products and analysis contemporary changes in ways how commodities are traded in stock exchanges; it is focused on how they influence creating structured products. Scientific aim: The aim of the research is to specify both positive and negative aspects of mutual interconnection of commodity instruments with individual structured products and to predict future development in this field with regards to possible influences on world economy. Findings: The article explains contemporary changes in the way how commodities are traded at world stock exchanges and it specifies both positive and negative influences of these changes on world economy. Conclusions: Based on accomplished analysis of connections between underlying commodity assets and individual sorts of structured products as well as contemporary changes of ways of commodities trading at stock exchange, internationally coordinated state regulation is recommended as well as stricter supervision of institutions working in this area.

  7. Ucelená rehabilitace dětí s vývojovou dysfázií

    OpenAIRE

    Václová, Hana

    2010-01-01

    The bachelor work Comprehensive rehabilitation of children with developmental dysphasia is focused on forms of rehabilitation for children with dysphasia. In theoretical part I'm engage in define and terminology of the developmental dysphasia, I mention her symptomatology and differential diagnostic. The main part of the work is the chapter about comprehensive rehabilitation of developmental dysphasia, which deal with proper forms of rehabilitatin for children with dysphasia. Important part o...

  8. Growth and characterization of transparent Pb(Zi, Ti)O{sub 3} capacitor on glass substrate.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Uprety, K. K.; Ocola, L. E.; Auciello, O.

    2007-10-15

    (Pb)(Zr{sub 0.52}Ti{sub 0.48})O{sub 3} (PZT) films were fabricated on LaNiO{sub 3} (LNO)/In{sub 2}O{sub 3} 90%SnO{sub 2}10% (ITO) layered transparent electrodes on glass substrates using chemical solution deposition. The structural, electrical, and optical properties of semitransparent Pd/PZT/LNO/ITO and transparent ITO/LNO/PZT/LNO/ITO capacitors fabricated on glass substrates were studied. X-ray diffraction revealed an improved crystalline structure of PZT on ITO-buffered glass substrates by interposing a LNO layer between PZT and ITO. Atomic force microscopy showed a smoother surface topography for the LNO/ITO layered electrode on glass, as compared to that of the single ITO layer on glass. The remnant polarization (P{sub r}) of the Pd/PZT/LNO/ITO/glass capacitors and transparent ITO/LNO/PZT/LNO/ITO/glass capacitors was estimated from P-E hysteresis loops. The Pd/PZT/LNO/ITO capacitors on glass revealed significant improvement in the P{sub r} as compared to PZT film based capacitors with ITO electrodes only. Excellent optical transmittance was observed for the whole capacitor structure. The importance of a high performance transparent capacitor is that this structure may enable high efficiency transparent electronic devices such as solar energy storage, photovoltaic, and intelligent windows, among others.

  9. Factors of the HIV Transmission in Men Who Have Sex with Men in Suizhou City from 2009 to 2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fan Yang, MD

    2015-03-01

    Conclusions: HIV continues to spread rapidly among MSM in Suizhou City. The high-risk behavior among MSM remains a hindrance to HIV prevention. Innovative intervention approaches are essential for HIV surveillance and prevention among MSM in Suizhou City. Yang F, Shi X, He W, Wu S, Wang J, Zhao K, Yuan H, Martin K, and Zhang H. Factors of the HIV transmission in men who have sex with men in Suizhou City from 2009 to 2013. Sex Med 2015;3:24–31.

  10. O znaczeniu więzi międzyludzkich. Od więzi małżeńskiej do więzi rodzicielskiej [About the meaning of interpersonal ties. From the marital tie to the familial one

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maja PIOTROWSKA

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available The ability of creating couples is greatly important for the whole future life of two people, and the satisfaction and happiness felt by the partners in a relationship guarantees its durability. In the present article, I analyze the evolution of the close interpersonal relations between the two sides (of the partnership – through marriage – and after in the family. The marital bond is the basis and a special kind of a family bond. The bond formation process begins at the moment of creating the family. Both spouses bring to the relationship factors such as: mutual love, character traits, a system of values and material conditions. Living together leads to the development of further elements of the bond which can include: mutual understanding, tolerance, trust, shared goals, interests, and having children. Thanks to the existence of a sense of family ties, an individual is able to meet all their needs, ranging from biological, social to the psychological ones, and reaching to achieve the specified values.

  11. 實徵研究/Information Literacy in the Workplace: A Cross-cultural Perspective/Yuhfen Diana Wu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuhfen Diana Wu Yuhfen Diana Wu

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available This cross-cultural study has two main purposes: to investigate how information literacy is perceived in the workplace and to discover how employees obtain information to carry out their jobs in an effective and timely fashion. This project applies a mix of research methods, including site visits, interviews, and a survey. More than 120 participants from forty companies were involved in this study. They were from a wide variety of industries in Taiwan and Silicon Valley, in Northern California, where many companies base offices or operations from around the world. Major obstacles in conducting cross-continent research are cost, time demands, scheduling, and adaptation to local culture. In this global economy, cross-cultural and cross-border research will help educators, such as librarians, understand the complexity of skills expected in the workplace. Much has been written on information literacy, yet very few can relate how information literacy is applied in the workplace. This primary study sheds some light to help academic librarians reposition themselves as researchers-educators integral to student success. 本論文為一跨文化性的研究,具有兩個主要目的:一是探討在職場中對於資訊素養的認知;二是探討員工如何及時有效的獲取和應用資訊來執行自己的任務。本研究採用混合式研究方法,包括實地考察、訪談和問卷調查。研究對象來自北加州矽谷和臺灣40家企業的120多名員工,他們分別從事不同行業。其中許多世界級的跨國企業選擇矽谷或臺灣作為公司總部或世界營運樞紐。進行跨洲研究的主要阻礙包括經費、時間、行程安排與適應當地的文化。跨文化和跨國界的研究將有助於教育工作者,如圖書館員,了解職場上所需技能的複雜性。目前已出版許多關於資訊素養的文獻,僅少涉及職場上資訊素養的應用。由於學術圖書館員在學生的學習過程中扮演不可或缺的角色,此初步研究,可幫助學術圖書館員重新為自己定位。 頁次:84-104

  12. A computational exploration of the McCoy-Tracy-Wu solutions of the third Painlevé equation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fasondini, Marco; Fornberg, Bengt; Weideman, J. A. C.

    2018-01-01

    The method recently developed by the authors for the computation of the multivalued Painlevé transcendents on their Riemann surfaces (Fasondini et al., 2017) is used to explore families of solutions to the third Painlevé equation that were identified by McCoy et al. (1977) and which contain a pole-free sector. Limiting cases, in which the solutions are singular functions of the parameters, are also investigated and it is shown that a particular set of limiting solutions is expressible in terms of special functions. Solutions that are single-valued, logarithmically (infinitely) branched and algebraically branched, with any number of distinct sheets, are encountered. The algebraically branched solutions have multiple pole-free sectors on their Riemann surfaces that are accounted for by using asymptotic formulae and Bäcklund transformations.

  13. Geometric Potential Assessment for ZY3-02 Triple Linear Array Imagery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kai Xu

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available ZiYuan3-02 (ZY3-02 is the first remote sensing satellite for the development of China’s civil space infrastructure (CCSI and the second satellite in the ZiYuan3 series; it was launched successfully on 30 May 2016, aboard the CZ-4B rocket at the Taiyuan Satellite Launch Center (TSLC in China. Core payloads of ZY3-02 include a triple linear array camera (TLC and a multi-spectral camera, and this equipment will be used to acquire space geographic information with high-resolution and stereoscopic observations. Geometric quality is a key factor that affects the performance and potential of satellite imagery. For the purpose of evaluating comprehensively the geometric potential of ZY3-02, this paper introduces the method used for geometric calibration of the TLC onboard the satellite and a model for sensor corrected (SC products that serve as basic products delivered to users. Evaluation work was conducted by making a full assessment of the geometric performance. Furthermore, images of six regions and corresponding reference data were collected to implement the geometric calibration technique and evaluate the resulting geometric accuracy. Experimental results showed that the direct location performance and internal accuracy of SC products increased remarkably after calibration, and the planimetric and vertical accuracies with relatively few ground control points (GCPs were demonstrated to be better than 2.5 m and 2 m, respectively. Additionally, the derived digital surface model (DSM accuracy was better than 3 m (RMSE for flat terrain and 5 m (RMSE for mountainous terrain. However, given that several variations such as changes in the thermal environment can alter the camera’s installation angle, geometric performance will vary with the geographical location and imaging time changes. Generally, ZY3-02 can be used for 1:50,000 stereo mapping and can produce (and update larger-scale basic geographic information products.

  14. [The research on the edition of Daquanbencao (Complete Collection of Materia Medica)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Jian; Zhang, Wei; Zhang, Rui-xian

    2009-07-01

    Zhengleibencao (Classified Materia Medica) had been formed into several kinds of edition systems during its dissemination, among which there was the edition system of Daquanbencao (Complete Collection of Materia Medica). Daquanbencao was originally carved in the Jin dynasty, thereafter it was re-carved in the Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties so as to form a series of editions such as the edition of Zhenyou in the second year of the Jin dynasty; the edition of the Zongwenshuyuan college in Dade renyan year of the Yuan dynasty; the WANG Qiu's carved edition of Shangyitang hall in the Ming dynasty; the carved edition of Jishanshuyuan, the Jishang mountain college in the Ming dynasty, the reprinted edition of PENG Duan-wu in the Ming dynasty, the supplementary edition of YANG Bi-da in the Qing dynasty;, and the carved edition of KE Feng-shi in the Qing dynasty. Among all the editions, Chongkanjingshizhengleidaquanbencao (Reprinted Classified Daquan Materia Medica from Historical Classics) was the representative one. As a representative of the above editions, the carved edition of WANG took the edition of the Zongwenshuyuan college of the Yuan dynasty as the original edition, but the images picture of materia medica adopted from the edition of Zhenghebencao (Materia Medica of the Zhenghe era).

  15. The Transport Properties of Dilute Gases in Applied Fields.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-03-01

    8217______ ( qq k B 2P4(kqq’ )’f -,,(kZZI) (q-q’+Z+I. n -(1) r n’+1) -4 ’j (bŖ a ) J’t I)ja b~.u. -W2l 1P𔃻.j3a. 11𔃼I’+ wU 1P2 Il 1 2 ~ 11 U31 Lk 0x...Delvered at ILAB Conference in Dec 19761 PP 143 pension in Quantum Mechanics for Arbitrary Horowitz. Stanley and Shaman , Allan (LCdr., Haiffonians...to Asiatic PP 156 PP 167 Flets," ed. by Barry M. Blechman: Naval Institute Stallings. William, "Approaches to Chinese Charac Klernman, Samuel, "ROTC

  16. Development of acquired factor V inhibitor after treatment with ceftazidime: a case report and review of the literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cui QY

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Qing-ya Cui,1 Hong-shi Shen,1 Tian-qin Wu,1 Hai-fei Chen,1 Zi-qiang Yu,2 Zhao-yue Wang2 1Department of Hematology, PLA 100th Hospital, 2Jiangsu Institute of Hematology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, People’s Republic of China Abstract: We report the case of a 59-year-old Chinese man who showed an asymptomatic coagulation factor V deficiency pattern after second intravenous treatment with ceftazidime. Normal pooled plasma failed to correct the abnormalities in a mixing test, and the presence of factor V inhibitor was confirmed by the Bethesda method. The coagulopathy was not corrected by transfusion of fresh frozen plasma and prothrombin complex concentrate, but rather by treatment with prednisone and withdrawal of dubious drugs. The findings reported here should prompt clinicians to watch for drug-induced coagulation factor deficiency. Keywords: acquired factor V deficiency, coagulopathy, prednisone

  17. The Problems Related with the Reading Classes with a Special Reference to Düziçi ÇEAŞ Anatolian High School

    OpenAIRE

    Eyyup Serkan Öncel; Elif Leyla Toprak

    2007-01-01

    Proponents of language studies have shown that “Reading” has been a receptive skill in the written mode affecting the developments of the other skills such as oral receptive skill listening along with oral productive speaking skill as well as written productive writing skill. In parallel to the mentioned classification of language skills,Grabe and Stoller (2002:9 cited in Razı, 2005) define reading as the ability to extract meaning from the printed page and interpret this knowledge correctly....

  18. Ortaokul Öğrencilerinin Matematik Dersi Başarısında Mozart Müziği Etkisi

    OpenAIRE

    ATAMAN, Özge GENÇEL

    2014-01-01

    Music is interrelated with many fields of science, such as mathematics, physics and philosophy. The effect of music on mathematics has been one of the important subjects studied by researchers throughout the history of humankind. Researchers emphasize that Mozart’s music in particular increases mathematics skill and mathematical reasoning to a great extent. The aim of this study is to examine the effect of Mozart’s music on the success of middle school students in mathematics courses. The stu...

  19. ziğin Çocuklar ve Yaşlılar İçin Önemi

    OpenAIRE

    Yener, Yesim Alkaya

    2011-01-01

    Music is necessary for one’s inner development, cultural maturity and for a civilized life. Perceiving and getting pleasure out of music is really an amazing event. The positive and stimulating effects of the classical music on children and the elderly will be covered in this essay. We need to introduce the classical music to our children at an earlier age and help them make the classical music a part of their life. We need to encourage our children to listen to the classical music and ...

  20. Srovnání koroze historických a moderních materiálů na bázi železa

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Majtás, Dušan; Pérez-Estébanez, Marta; Kreislová, K.; Mácová, Petra

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 2016, č. 1 (2016), s. 74-79. ISBN 978-80-87896-32-7. ISSN 1805-0050. [Konference konzervátorů-restaurátorů. Brno, 13.09.2016-15.09.2016] R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) LO1219 Keywords : cultural heritage * metallic objects * corrosion Subject RIV: JK - Corrosion ; Surface Treatment of Materials

  1. The relationship of family relations and interpersonal skills with communication technology [Więzi rodzinne i umiejętności interpersonalne a technologie komunikacyjne

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jolanta JAWORSKA

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents the role of proper relations within the family environment in a child’s social development and its influence on the quality of future relations with other people. Emphasis is put on the importance of a child’s first relations in its emotional development and the necessity to support a young person on their way to independence as a means of protection against loneliness and desperate attempts to seek social relations through communication technology. The function of affection is fundamental to a person’s development. The theory of affection explains the different forms of human emotional functioning. The author defines four patterns of affection: a trustful, an anxious and avoidant, an anxious and ambivalent, and a disorganised relation. Improper models cause developmental disorders. They influence a person’s entire life, their social skills and interpersonal relations. They result in problems with coming into one’s own, finding one’s identity, establishing proper relationships with one’s peers which constitute a great value for a young person. Improper attitudes of adults frequently block the development of autonomy and proper relationships of teenagers. The lack of relations with peers leads to anxiety and fear of loneliness, incapability of fulfilling the need to belong to a group initiates defensive mechanisms. For some they may lead to looking for contacts on the internet. The computer screen serves as a shield, it relieves one of the feeling of loneliness, leads to feeling of well-being. With its role as a substitute of peer relations in the real world, the internet may be a form of spending leisure time, a source of topics for discussion and games, a facilitator of identification with a peer group and its values, and even a plain for the development of individual identity. Media not only create social and educational chances, but they are also a source of dangers and addictions. The effects of internet addiction may take on various forms. The so-called paradox of the internet needs to be mentioned. Although the internet is used to communicate with others, its use leads to a weakening of the relations with one’s environment and increasing the feeling of loneliness. In order to support young people in establishing responsible and satisfying relations they should be provided with help in acquiring social skills which are the basic source of relations of affection and proper upbringing styles

  2. The relationship of family relations and interpersonal skills with communication technology [Więzi rodzinne i umiejętności interpersonalne a technologie komunikacyjne

    OpenAIRE

    Jolanta JAWORSKA

    2017-01-01

    The paper presents the role of proper relations within the family environment in a child’s social development and its influence on the quality of future relations with other people. Emphasis is put on the importance of a child’s first relations in its emotional development and the necessity to support a young person on their way to independence as a means of protection against loneliness and desperate attempts to seek social relations through communication technology. The function of affectio...

  3. Studium interakcí hydroxylových radikálů a purinových bázi DNA

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Fadrná, Renata

    2003-01-01

    Roč. 97, č. 9 (2003), s. 964-969 ISSN 0009-2770 Grant - others:GIT(AR) 101/02/U111/CZ Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z4040901 Keywords : DNA * voltammetry * nucleids acids Subject RIV: CG - Electrochemistry Impact factor: 0.345, year: 2003

  4. Socializace dětí s vývojovou dysfázií v mateřských školách

    OpenAIRE

    JOHANÍKOVÁ, Vilma

    2012-01-01

    Theoretical information about developmental dysphasia, its etiology, symptomatology, a description of its current diagnosis and therapy. Then work describing problem of socialization, including it´s diagnosis and it´s problems in children with developmental dysphasia. The research deals with the problem of the socialization of children with developmental dysphasia in kindergarten and teachers awareness about this problem. The methods used in research are case study, semi-structured interview ...

  5. Rhinoscleroma presenting as a nasal-palatal mass with airway obstruction [v1; ref status: indexed, http://f1000r.es/zi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mark C Domanski

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available We report a case of a 45-year-old male with severe rhinoscleroma. The patient presented to the emergency room with dyspnea from a long-standing nasal-palatal mass. A tracheostomy was required for airway control. While dyspnea in the presence of an upper airway mass is typical of malignancy, consideration of non-oncological etiologies is important. We review the epidemiology, pathology, diagnosis, and treatment of rhinoscleroma.

  6. Finanční analýza na bázi účetních výkazů

    OpenAIRE

    Kuzmenko, Mariya

    2012-01-01

    The main goal of this financial analysis of the RUPA, ltd is to assess financial situation and success of the company management during the five-year period. The first part examines horizontal and vertical analysis of accounting statements, ratio indicators and index fluctuations. At the end of this part I shall present the DuPont model. Moreover, this analysis includes comparison of the firm with indexes in the food sector, so I can reveal trends, which have influenced the company. Second pa...

  7. Impacts of land use change scenarios on hydrology and land use patterns in the Wu-Tu watershed in Northern Taiwan

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lin Yu-Pin,; Hong Nien-Ming,; Wu Pei-Jung,; Wu Chen-Fa,; Verburg, P.H.

    2007-01-01

    Developing an approach for simulating and assessing land use changes and their effects on land use patterns and hydrological processes at the watershed level is essential in land use and water resource planning and management. This study provided a novel approach that combines a land use change

  8. 圖書館事業與交流/The Relationship of Leadership Development and Learning Organization Dimensions/Connie K. Haley, Yuhfen Diana Wu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Connie K. Haley, Yuhfen Diana Wu Connie K. Haley, Yuhfen Diana Wu

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available This research examined the relationship among learning organization dimensions, leadership development, employee development, and their interactions with two demographic variables (gender and ethnicity in the context of libraries. The researchers conducted a multivariate analysis of the variance to assess the differences by leadership training groups (low training hours vs. high training hours, or by gender; and by workplace training groups (low vs. high, or by ethnicity (white vs. all others on a linear combination of the seven dimensions of the learning organization. A conclusive summary is provided along with contributive discussion. Implications and contributions to librarians are discussed in addition to future research recommendations. Also included are conclusive final thoughts accompanied by the limitations of this research. 本研究旨在探討美國圖書館界學習型組織,領導智能與員工發展之間的關系,以及它們與兩項人口變量(性別、種族)的相互作用。作者採用線性組合研究了學習型組織的七個範疇,並且使用多變量變異數分析方法來評估領導智能培訓組的差異(培訓時數多寡對比),在職培訓組的差異(培訓時數多寡對比),及種族的差異(白人或其他族裔對比)。除了討論未來研究方向的建議,作者並提供人力資源發展工作者和圖書館員一些啟示。研究最後提出作者的想法及本研究的侷限性。 頁次:146-165

  9. Ambient air particulate concentrations and metallic elements principal component analysis at Taichung Harbor (TH) and WuChi Traffic (WT) near Taiwan Strait during 2004-2005.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fang, Guor-Cheng; Wu, Yuh-Shen; Wen, Chih-Chung; Huang, Shih-Han; Rau, Jui-Yeh

    2006-09-01

    The purpose of this study is to characterize metallic elements associated with atmospheric particulate matter of total suspended particulate (TSP), fine particle (particle matter with aerodynamical diameter metallic elements Fe and Zn. And in WT sampling site, higher correlation coefficients displayed on total suspended particulates of metallic elements Fe and Zn, Fe and Mn. Ambient airborne particle principal component analysis of metallic metals was used to identify the possible pollutant sources in this study. At the TH sampling site, 50.81% of the total variance of the data was observed in factor 1. Higher loading of Fe (0.86), Zn (0.79), Pb (0.76), and Mn (0.68) were contributed by traffic emission and the soil source. At the WT sampling site, factor 1 explained 53.74% of the total variance of the data and had high loading for Zn (0.86) and Cu (0.85), which were identified as industrial/traffic emission sources.

  10. History Writ Large: Big-character Posters, Red Logorrhoea and the Art of Words

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geremie R. Barmé

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The starting point of this paper is the 1986 artwork of the then Xiamen-based artist Wu Shanzhuan, called ‘Red Humor’, which reworked references to big-character posters (dazi bao 大字报 and other Mao-era forms of political discourse, recalling the Cultural Revolution. It explains how Wu’s installation offered a provocative microcosm of the overwhelming mood engendered by a logocentric movement to ‘paint the nation red’ with word-images during the years 1966-1967. This discussion of the hyper-real use of the dazi bao during China’s Cultural Revolution era (c.1964-1978 allows us to probe into ‘the legacies of the word made image’ in modern China. The paper argues that, since the 1980s, Wu Shanzhuan has had many emulators and ‘avant-garde successors’, since we have seen multiple examples of parodic deconstructions of the cultural authority of the Chinese character (zi in recent decades.

  11. Porovnání výkonnosti ve slovníkové zkoušce u dětí a žáků s vývojovou dysfázií a získanou afázií

    OpenAIRE

    DUŠKOVÁ, Lucie

    2010-01-01

    The thesis is composed of two main parts - the theoretical and the practical one. The theoretical part sums up the knowledge about language communication, word and lexicon, and mentions diversity of access to model of the language with emphasis on localization lexicon in the human brain. There is also outlined physiological and pathological development of the lexicon, word-stock problems by children with Specific language impairment and children with acquired aphasia, and finally options of l...

  12. Dissolving and biodegradable microneedle technologies for transdermal sustained delivery of drug and vaccine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hong X

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Xiaoyun Hong,1,2,* Liangming Wei,3,* Fei Wu,2,* Zaozhan Wu,2 Lizhu Chen,2 Zhenguo Liu,1 Weien Yuan2 1Department of Neurology, Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai, People's Republic of China; 2School of Pharmacy, Shanghai JiaoTong University, Shanghai, People's Republic of China; 3Research Institute of Micro/Nano Science and Technology, Shanghai JiaoTong University, Shanghai, People's Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Abstract: Microneedles were first conceptualized for drug delivery many decades ago, overcoming the shortages and preserving the advantages of hypodermic needle and conventional transdermal drug-delivery systems to some extent. Dissolving and biodegradable microneedle technologies have been used for transdermal sustained deliveries of different drugs and vaccines. This review describes microneedle geometry and the representative dissolving and biodegradable microneedle delivery methods via the skin, followed by the fabricating methods. Finally, this review puts forward some perspectives that require further investigation. Keywords: microneedle, dissolving, biodegradable, sustained release

  13. 3.-6. II saab neljal järjestikusel õhtul kella 18-21 imetleda valguskuplit Tallinna vanalinna kohal

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Valguskupli idee pärineb hollandi arhitektilt Winy Maasilt. Installatsioon on ZiZi & YoYo, MVRDV ja Arup grupi koostööprojekt. Kupli on teostanud ZiZi & YoYo koos Rogier van de Heide, Teemu Nurmelini jt. koostööpartneritega

  14. An Uneven Illumination Correction Algorithm for Optical Remote Sensing Images Covered with Thin Clouds

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaole Shen

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The uneven illumination phenomenon caused by thin clouds will reduce the quality of remote sensing images, and bring adverse effects to the image interpretation. To remove the effect of thin clouds on images, an uneven illumination correction can be applied. In this paper, an effective uneven illumination correction algorithm is proposed to remove the effect of thin clouds and to restore the ground information of the optical remote sensing image. The imaging model of remote sensing images covered by thin clouds is analyzed. Due to the transmission attenuation, reflection, and scattering, the thin cloud cover usually increases region brightness and reduces saturation and contrast of the image. As a result, a wavelet domain enhancement is performed for the image in Hue-Saturation-Value (HSV color space. We use images with thin clouds in Wuhan area captured by QuickBird and ZiYuan-3 (ZY-3 satellites for experiments. Three traditional uneven illumination correction algorithms, i.e., multi-scale Retinex (MSR algorithm, homomorphic filtering (HF-based algorithm, and wavelet transform-based MASK (WT-MASK algorithm are performed for comparison. Five indicators, i.e., mean value, standard deviation, information entropy, average gradient, and hue deviation index (HDI are used to analyze the effect of the algorithms. The experimental results show that the proposed algorithm can effectively eliminate the influences of thin clouds and restore the real color of ground objects under thin clouds.

  15. Detection of ZY-3 Satellite Platform Jitter Using Multi-spectral Imagery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ZHU Ying

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Satellite platform jitter is one of the factors that affect the quality of high resolution imagery, which can cause image blur and internal distortion. Taking ZiYuan-3 (ZY-3 multi-spectral camera as a prototype, this paper proposes a satellite platform jitter detection method by utilizing multi-spectral imagery. First, imaging characteristics of multispectral camera and the main factors affecting band-to-band registration error are introduced. Then the regularity of registration error caused by platform jitter is analyzed by theoretical derivation and simulation. Meanwhile, the platform jitter detection method based on high accuracy dense points matching is presented. Finally, the experiments were conducted by using ZY-3 multi-spectral imagery captured in different time. The result indicates that ZY-3 has a periodic platform jitter about 0.6 Hz in the imaging period of test data, and the jitter amplitude across track is greater than that along track, which causes periodic band-to-band registration error with the same frequency. The result shows the possibility of the improvement in geometric processing accuracy for ZY-3 imagery products and provides an important reference for satellite platform jitter source analysis and satellite platform design optimization.

  16. Main Road Extraction from ZY-3 Grayscale Imagery Based on Directional Mathematical Morphology and VGI Prior Knowledge in Urban Areas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Bo; Wu, Huayi; Wang, Yandong; Liu, Wenming

    2015-01-01

    Main road features extracted from remotely sensed imagery play an important role in many civilian and military applications, such as updating Geographic Information System (GIS) databases, urban structure analysis, spatial data matching and road navigation. Current methods for road feature extraction from high-resolution imagery are typically based on threshold value segmentation. It is difficult however, to completely separate road features from the background. We present a new method for extracting main roads from high-resolution grayscale imagery based on directional mathematical morphology and prior knowledge obtained from the Volunteered Geographic Information found in the OpenStreetMap. The two salient steps in this strategy are: (1) using directional mathematical morphology to enhance the contrast between roads and non-roads; (2) using OpenStreetMap roads as prior knowledge to segment the remotely sensed imagery. Experiments were conducted on two ZiYuan-3 images and one QuickBird high-resolution grayscale image to compare our proposed method to other commonly used techniques for road feature extraction. The results demonstrated the validity and better performance of the proposed method for urban main road feature extraction. PMID:26397832

  17. Main Road Extraction from ZY-3 Grayscale Imagery Based on Directional Mathematical Morphology and VGI Prior Knowledge in Urban Areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Bo; Wu, Huayi; Wang, Yandong; Liu, Wenming

    2015-01-01

    Main road features extracted from remotely sensed imagery play an important role in many civilian and military applications, such as updating Geographic Information System (GIS) databases, urban structure analysis, spatial data matching and road navigation. Current methods for road feature extraction from high-resolution imagery are typically based on threshold value segmentation. It is difficult however, to completely separate road features from the background. We present a new method for extracting main roads from high-resolution grayscale imagery based on directional mathematical morphology and prior knowledge obtained from the Volunteered Geographic Information found in the OpenStreetMap. The two salient steps in this strategy are: (1) using directional mathematical morphology to enhance the contrast between roads and non-roads; (2) using OpenStreetMap roads as prior knowledge to segment the remotely sensed imagery. Experiments were conducted on two ZiYuan-3 images and one QuickBird high-resolution grayscale image to compare our proposed method to other commonly used techniques for road feature extraction. The results demonstrated the validity and better performance of the proposed method for urban main road feature extraction.

  18. Relationship between Dongting Lake and surrounding rivers under the operation of the Three Gorges Reservoir, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhan, Lucheng; Chen, Jiansheng; Zhang, Shiyin; Huang, Dewen; Li, Ling

    2015-01-01

    The natural flow properties of the Yangtze River have been changed completely following the construction of the Three Gorges Dam. The dam's operation has affected the resources and environment in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River, changing the hydrological conditions and ecological environment of the Dongting Lake. During three different dispatching periods of the reservoir, we took triplicate samples of the river and lake water. All the samples were analysed for δ(2)H and δ(18)O to determine the relationship between the lake and the Yangtze River (and other rivers), and to evaluate objectively the influence of the dam's operation on the lake. During the period of water-supply dispatch, the Four Rivers and Miluo River are the main recharge sources of the lake. During the flood-storage dispatching period, the Dongting Lake is recharged largely by the Three Outlets and the Four Rivers, whereas during the period of water-storage dispatch, most of the lake's water originates from the Miluo, Xiang, Zi, and Yuan rivers. Although the Yangtze River only contributes significantly to the lake's recharge through the Three Outlets during the flood-storage dispatching period, the lake discharges large amounts of water into the Yangtze River during all three periods. Through the operation of the reservoir, it should be ensured that the water level of the Dongting Lake is not too low during the dry season, nor too high during the wet season, thus preventing the lake region from future flood and drought disasters.

  19. 圖書館事業與交流/Strategies for Developing an Institutional Repository: A Case Study of ScholarWorks@ UMass Amherst/Yuan Li, Marilyn Billings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuan Li Yuan Li

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available ScholarWorks@UMass Amherst is an institutional repository that collects, manages, and disseminates intellectual output of UMass Amherst faculty, researchers, and students. In less than five years, it has become one of the top five Digital Commons repositories with more than 23,000 items and over half-a-million full-text downloads. ScholarWorks content recruitment strategies are examined as a case study for the development of an institutional repository. The authors aim to provide best practices for developing a digital repository in academic settings and inspire colleagues to explore and adapt new strategies. ScholarWorks@UMass Amherst 是麻省大學安城校區的機構典藏,主要用於收集、管理和發布本校教師、研究人員和學生的學術成果。自建立至今不到五年的時間,以23,000 件的學術成果收藏量和超過五十萬份的文件下載數,躋身為Digital Commons 排名前五的機構典藏。本文以ScholarWorks 的發展策略為實例來探究機構典藏的發展,旨在提供一實施範例作為同行參考,並期望能以此啟發業內同行開發與新策略採用。 頁次:81-98

  20. Rapid Authentication of the Herbal Medicine Plant Species Aralia continentalis Kitag. and Angelica biserrata C.Q. Yuan and R.H. Shan Using ITS2 Sequences and Multiplex-SCAR Markers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wook Jin Kim

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Accurate identification of the plant species that are present in herbal medicines is important for quality control. Although the dried roots of Aralia continentalis (Araliae Continentalis Radix and Angelica biserrata (Angelicae Pubescentis Radix are used in the same traditional medicine, namely Dok-Hwal in Korean and Du-Huo in Chinese, the medicines are described differently in the national pharmacopeia. Further confusion arises from the distribution of dried Levisticum officinale and Heracleum moellendorffii roots as the same medicine. Medicinal ingredients from all four plants are morphologically similar, and discrimination is difficult using conventional methods. Molecular identification methods offer rapidity and accuracy. The internal transcribed spacer 2 (ITS2 region of the nuclear ribosomal RNA gene (rDNA was sequenced in all four plant species, and the sequences were used to design species-specific primers. Primers for each species were then combined to allow sample analysis in a single PCR reaction. Commercial herbal medicine samples were obtained from Korea and China and analyzed using the multiplex assay. The assay successfully identified authentic medicines and also identified inauthentic or adulterated samples. The multiplex assay will be a useful tool for identification of authentic Araliae Continentalis Radix and/or Angelicae Pubescentis Radix preparations in Korea and China.

  1. Rapid Authentication of the Herbal Medicine Plant Species Aralia continentalis Kitag. and Angelica biserrata C.Q. Yuan and R.H. Shan Using ITS2 Sequences and Multiplex-SCAR Markers

    OpenAIRE

    Wook Jin Kim; Byeong Cheol Moon; Sungyu Yang; Kyeong Suk Han; Goya Choi; A Yeong Lee

    2016-01-01

    Accurate identification of the plant species that are present in herbal medicines is important for quality control. Although the dried roots of Aralia continentalis (Araliae Continentalis Radix) and Angelica biserrata (Angelicae Pubescentis Radix) are used in the same traditional medicine, namely Dok-Hwal in Korean and Du-Huo in Chinese, the medicines are described differently in the national pharmacopeia. Further confusion arises from the distribution of dried Levisticum officinale and Herac...

  2. Rapid Authentication of the Herbal Medicine Plant Species Aralia continentalis Kitag. and Angelica biserrata C.Q. Yuan and R.H. Shan Using ITS2 Sequences and Multiplex-SCAR Markers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Wook Jin; Moon, Byeong Cheol; Yang, Sungyu; Han, Kyeong Suk; Choi, Goya; Lee, A Yeong

    2016-02-29

    Accurate identification of the plant species that are present in herbal medicines is important for quality control. Although the dried roots of Aralia continentalis (Araliae Continentalis Radix) and Angelica biserrata (Angelicae Pubescentis Radix) are used in the same traditional medicine, namely Dok-Hwal in Korean and Du-Huo in Chinese, the medicines are described differently in the national pharmacopeia. Further confusion arises from the distribution of dried Levisticum officinale and Heracleum moellendorffii roots as the same medicine. Medicinal ingredients from all four plants are morphologically similar, and discrimination is difficult using conventional methods. Molecular identification methods offer rapidity and accuracy. The internal transcribed spacer 2 (ITS2) region of the nuclear ribosomal RNA gene (rDNA) was sequenced in all four plant species, and the sequences were used to design species-specific primers. Primers for each species were then combined to allow sample analysis in a single PCR reaction. Commercial herbal medicine samples were obtained from Korea and China and analyzed using the multiplex assay. The assay successfully identified authentic medicines and also identified inauthentic or adulterated samples. The multiplex assay will be a useful tool for identification of authentic Araliae Continentalis Radix and/or Angelicae Pubescentis Radix preparations in Korea and China.

  3. Příprava a charakterizace nosičových systémů léčiv na bázi magnetických nanočástic

    OpenAIRE

    Kavalcová, Barbora

    2015-01-01

    Tato práce se zabývá studiem magnetických nanočástic, optimalizací jejich přípravy a stabilizací. Koprecipitací různě koncentrovaným hydroxidem sodným byly připraveny částice o různých poměrech Fe2+ a Fe3+ iontů. Z takto připravených částic byly vybrány tři vzorky, u kterých byla dále pozorována jejich stabilita v Milli-Q vodě, pufru, polyvinylalkoholu, kyselině hyaluronové a chitosanu v závislosti na čase pomocí metod dynamického a elektroforetického rozptylu světla. Metodou UV-VIS spektrome...

  4. Casanovas are liars: behavioral syndromes, sperm competition risk, and the evolution of deceptive male mating behavior in live-bearing fishes [v3; ref status: indexed, http://f1000r.es/1zi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Bierbach

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Male reproductive biology can by characterized through competition over mates as well as mate choice. Multiple mating and male mate choice copying, especially in internally fertilizing species, set the stage for increased sperm competition, i.e., sperm of two or more males can compete for fertilization of the female’s ova. In the internally fertilizing fish Poecilia mexicana, males respond to the presence of rivals with reduced expression of mating preferences (audience effect, thereby lowering the risk of by-standing rivals copying their mate choice. Also, males interact initially more with a non-preferred female when observed by a rival, which has been interpreted in previous studies as a strategy to mislead rivals, again reducing sperm competition risk (SCR. Nevertheless, species might differ consistently in their expression of aggressive and reproductive behaviors, possibly due to varying levels of SCR. In the current study, we present a unique data set comprising ten poeciliid species (in two cases including multiple populations and ask whether species can be characterized through consistent differences in the expression of aggression, sexual activity and changes in mate choice under increased SCR. We found consistent species-specific differences in aggressive behavior, sexual activity as well as in the level of misleading behavior, while decreased preference expression under increased SCR was a general feature of all but one species examined. Furthermore, mean sexual activity correlated positively with the occurrence of potentially misleading behavior. An alternative explanation for audience effects would be that males attempt to avoid aggressive encounters, which would predict stronger audience effects in more aggressive species. We demonstrate a positive correlation between mean aggressiveness and sexual activity (suggesting a hormonal link as a mechanistic explanation, but did not detect a correlation between aggressiveness and audience effects. Suites of correlated behavioral tendencies are termed behavioral syndromes, and our present study provides correlational evidence for the evolutionary significance of SCR in shaping a behavioral syndrome at the species level across poeciliid taxa.

  5. Neinvazivní prenatální diagnostika na bázi přítomnosti fetálních nukleových kyselin v mateřské cirkulaci

    OpenAIRE

    Liberko, Marián

    2010-01-01

    The discovery of circulating cell-free fetal DNA in maternal plasma/serum, in 1997, and the demonstration of the relative easiness and reliability with which it can be detected have opened up a new possibilities for NIPD. NIPD offers diagnostics of certain abnormalities, with minimalization of the risk of abortion when compared to standard invasive procedures such as chorious villi sampling and amniocenthesis. Compared to fetal cells in maternal circulation, cffDNA in maternal plasma could be...

  6. O método mézières ou a revolução na ginástica ortopédica: o manifesto anti-desportivo ou a nova metodologia de treino

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luís Coelho

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Em termos ditos ‘músculo-esqueléticos’, pode considerar-se que o conhecimento dos métodos de fisioterapia que consubstanciam teorética e pragmaticamente a “intervenção postural” constitui uma base de sapiência fundamental para a boa prestação do profissional de “educação física” e o profissional de saúde especializado. Dentro das abordagens de natureza fisioterapêutica, diversos métodos de tratamento podem ser utilizados, sendo que os mesmos podem ser divididos em duas grandes categorias: tratamentos analíticos (centrados fundamentalmente nos sintomas do doente e realizados sobretudo a nível local e tratamentos holísticos (centrados na causa dos sintomas do doente e realizados a nível global. Os tratamentos holísticos aparecem substanciados na forma de métodos mais ou menos globais que tendem a ver a pessoa como um todo inextricável. No contexto do presente artigo, são considerados tratamentos ditos holísticos todos aqueles que centram a sua acção num ponto de análise da estrutura corporal do sujeito, vista como um todo. Falamos, nomeadamente, na postura corporal e, portanto, nos métodos de intervenção postural (e mais precisamente de Reeducação postural. Neste contexto, surgem as dificuldades de definição operacional do conceito de Postura e de Reeducação Postural que tentaremos ultrapassar num primeiro momento do texto. (…

  7. Transformations of the family – social bond in the 21st century family [Przeobrażenia więzi rodzinno-społecznych w rodzinie XXI wieku

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Urszula GAŁĘSKA

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available The concept of the family (social bond has not been explained and precisely defined so far. The most common definition is known as a dual character of human relationships. Cultural, economic, legal, religious and social factors in which a family lives, influence considerably the typical family bonds. Transformations of the bond in the 21st century family are caused by changes which have occurred and continuue to occur in the structure, functions and organization of the family live. A system of mutually connected elements of the upbringing process in the family, between which all kinds of dynamic associations and interactions are clearly visible. So we should pay our attention to transformations of the family bond in incessantly changing conditions. It is necessary especially in social, economic and cultural areas, where the role of the traditional family is becoming less important.

  8. Cigarette smoke extract induces placental growth factor release from human bronchial epithelial cells via ROS/MAPK(ERK-1/2/Egr-1 axis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wu D

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Dong Wu,1,* Yalian Yuan,1,* Zhixiu Lin,2,* Tianwen Lai,1 Min Chen,1 Wen Li,1 Quanchao Lv,1 Binfan Yuan,1 Dongmin Li,1 Bin Wu1 1Department of Respiratory, Institute of Respiratory Diseases, 2Department of Pharmacy, The Affiliated Hospital of Guangdong Medical University, Zhanjiang, People’s Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Abstract: Etiological evidence demonstrates that there is a significant association between cigarette smoking and chronic airway inflammatory disease. Abnormal expression of placental growth factor (PlGF has been reported in COPD, and its downstream signaling molecules have been reported to contribute to the pathogenesis of airway epithelial cell apoptosis and emphysema. However, the signaling mechanisms underlying cigarette smoke extract (CSE-induced PlGF expression in airway microenvironment remain unclear. Herein, we investigated the effects of reactive oxygen species (ROS-dependent activation of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK (extracellular signal-regulated kinase1/2 [ERK-1/2]/early growth response-1 (Egr-1 pathway on CSE-induced PlGF upregulation in human bronchial epithelium (HBE. The data obtained with quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction, Western blot, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA and immunofluorescence staining analyses showed that CSE-induced Egr-1 activation was mainly mediated through production of ROS and activation of the MAPK (ERK-1/2 cascade. The binding of Egr-1 to the PlGF promoter was corroborated by an ELISA-based DNA binding activity assay. These results demonstrate that ROS activation of the MAPK (ERK-1/2/Egr-1 pathway is a main player in the regulatory mechanism for CSE-induced PlGF production and that the use of an antioxidant could partly abolish these effects. Understanding the mechanisms of PlGF upregulation by CSE in the airway microenvironment may provide rational therapeutic interventions for cigarette smoking

  9. Panax ginseng, Rhodiola rosea and Schisandra chinensis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Shun-Wan

    2012-03-01

    Panax ginseng (Ginseng), Rhodiola rosea (Hong Jing Tian) and Schisandra chinensis (Wu Wei Zi) are well-known herbs in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Recently, there have been a number of studies on these three herbs. This review discusses their active components and major pharmacological effects. For P. ginseng, it has been shown to have an anti-inflammatory activity, affects pulmonary function and erectile dysfunction, improves cognition in patients with Alzheimer's disease and promotes sexual arousal in menopausal women as well as prevents cancer. For R. rosea, its effectiveness in alleviating depression and reducing fatigue is summarized in this review. Additionally, anti-cancer and other clinical effects of S. chinensis are also discussed. These three herbs are considered as adaptogens as they bear multiple functions and their effects were found to be very different in patients depending on the circumstances (age, gender, environment, diet, season, etc.). Thus, in most cases, the art of the TCM practitioner is to prescribe these herbs after a complete evaluation of overall heath status of the patients.

  10. Raamat sõja seadustest / Linnart Mäll

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mäll, Linnart

    2001-01-01

    Vana-Hiina sõjateoreetikute Sun Zi ja Sun Bini raamatust: Sun, Zi ; Sun, Bin. Sõja seadused / klassikalisest hiina keelest tõlkinud ja kommenteerinud Märt Läänemets. Tln. : Eesti Keele Sihtasutus, 2001. (Sõjandusvaramu. Klassika)

  11. Some additional considerations in modelling the dynamic traits and genome-wide association studies. Comments on "Mapping complex traits as a dynamic system" by L. Sun and R. Wu

    Science.gov (United States)

    Das, Kiranmoy

    2015-06-01

    The revolution in the genetic research in our time is mainly due to (i) the successful completion of human genome project (2003) and its derivative hapmap project (2005), (ii) advanced statistical methodologies for analyzing ultrahigh dimensional data and (iii) the availability of statistical softwares (R, SAS etc.) to analyze large datasets. When complex traits are to be modeled as dynamic systems, the statistical issues regarding the complexity in the model, predictive power of the model, computational cost etc. are to be addressed adequately for powerful inferences. I will mention two additional considerations (statistical) which make dynamic models more meaningful and the results from GWAS more reliable.

  12. Analisis harf واو العاملة /wāwu al-‘āmilah/ dalam Al-Qur`an Juz 30

    OpenAIRE

    Fatahillah, Muhammad

    2012-01-01

    و اسباب احتيار هذا الموضوع لأن حرف واو العاملة في جزء ثلاثين من القران لها انواع و عامل و اعراب مختلفة عند اتصل باية . و اما الغرض الأقصى من هذا البحث هي لتعريف نوع و عامل و اعراب حرف واو العاملة في جزء ثلاثين من القران. , فا الكاتب يستعمل نظرية ما تقدمها شيخ "غلايينى" في كتابه "جامع الدروس العربية" فاما هذا البحث هي الدراسية المكتبية التي تستعمل طريقة الإستنتاجية. و الحاصلات من هذا البحث ان عدد حرف واو العاملة في جزء ثلاثين من القران ١٧٨حرفا, منها ١١ حرف واو قسم الذ...

  13. Parental Choice of School, Class Strategies, and Educational Inequality: An Essay Review of "School Choice in China--A Different Tale?" (X. Wu, New York, NY: Routledge, 2014, 168 pp. ISBN 978-0-415-81769-1)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Shuning; Apple, Michael W.

    2016-01-01

    Given the increasingly global nature of marketized school choice policies, this makes it even more crucial to investigate how the multiple scales, forms, and emphases of school choice in different countries are influenced by particular political, economic, and cultural conditions. While much of the critical research on school choice policies has…

  14. Advances with microRNAs in Parkinson’s disease research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ma L

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Liuqing Ma,1,2,* Liangming Wei,3,* Fei Wu,2,* Zhenhua Hu,2 Zhenguo Liu,1 Weien Yuan2 1Department of Neurology, Xinhua Hospital affiliated with Shanghai JiaoTong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China; 2School of Pharmacy, Shanghai JiaoTong University, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China; 3Research Institute of Micro/Nano Science and Technology, Shanghai JiaoTong University, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Abstract: Parkinson’s disease (PD is the second-most common age-dependent neurodegenerative disorder and is caused by severe degeneration of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta. Unfortunately, current treatment only targets symptoms and involves dopamine replacement therapy, which does not counteract progressive degeneration. MicroRNAs (miRNAs are a class of small RNA molecules implicated in post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression during development. Recent studies show that miRNAs are playing an important role in the pathophysiology of PD. miRNA-based therapy is a powerful tool with which to study gene function, investigate the mechanism of the disease, and validate drug targets. In this review, we focus on the recent advances of the use of miRNAs in the pathogenesis of PD. Keywords: miRNA, α-synuclein, LRRK2, miRNA-based therapy, pathophysiology

  15. Ground Deformation Detection Using China’s ZY-3 Stereo Imagery in an Opencast Mining Area

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wenmin Hu

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Detection and extraction of mining-induced ground deformation can be used to understand the deformation process and space distribution and to estimate the deformation laws and trends. This study focuses on the application of ground deformation detection and extraction combined with digital surface model (DSM, derived from China’s ZiYuan-3 (ZY-3 satellite stereo imagery and the advanced spaceborne thermal emission and reflection radiometer global digital elevation model (ASTER GDEM data. A district covering 200 km2 around the west open-pit mine in Fushun of Liaoning Province, a city located in Northeast China, is chosen as the study area. Regional overall deformation, typical region deformation, and topographical profile deformation are extracted to analyze the distribution and the link between the regional ground deformations. The results show that the mean elevation has already increased by 3.12 m from 2010 to 2015; 71.18% of this area is deformed, and 22.72% of this area has an elevation variation of more than 10 m. Four districts of rising elevation and three districts of descending elevation are extracted. They are deformed with distinct elevation and volume changes. The total area with distinct rising elevation (>15 m is about 8.44 km2, and the change in volume is 2.47 × 108 m3. However, the total area with distinct descending elevation (<−10 m is about 6.12 km2, and the change in volume is 2.01 × 108 m3. Moreover, the deformation in the local mining area has expanded to the surrounding areas. Experiments in the mining area demonstrate that ground deformation, especially acute deformation such as large fractures or landslides, can be monitored using DSMs derived from ZY-3 satellite stereo images.

  16. High-Precision Attitude Post-Processing and Initial Verification for the ZY-3 Satellite

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xinming Tang

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Attitude data, which is the important data strongly correlated with the geometric accuracy of optical remote sensing satellite images, are generally obtained using a real-time Extended Kalman Filter (EKF with star-tracker and gyro data for current high-resolution satellites, such as Orb-view, IKONOS, Quickbird,Pleiades, and ZY-3.We propose a forward-backward Unscented Kalman Filter (UKF for post-processing, and the proposed method employs UKF to suppress noise by using an unscented transformation (UT rather than an EKF in a nonlinear attitude system. Moreover, this method makes full use of the collected data in the fixed-interval and computational resources on the ground, and it determines optimal attitude results by forward-backward filtering and weighted smoothing with the raw star-tracker and gyro data collected for a fixed period. In this study, the principle and implementation of the proposed method are described. The post-processed attitude was compared with the on-board attitude, and the absolute accuracy was evaluated by the two methods. One method compares the positioning accuracy of the object space coordinates with the post-processed and on-board attitude data without using ground control points (GCPs. The other method compares the tie-point residuals of the image coordinates after a free net adjustment. In addition, the internal and external parameters of the camera were accurately calibrated before use for an objective evaluation of the attitude accuracy. The experimental results reveal that the accuracy of the post-processed attitude is superior to the accuracy of the on-board processed attitude. This method has been applied to the ZiYuan-3 satellite system for processing the raw star-tracker and gyro data daily.

  17. Frontiers in biochip technology

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Xing, Wan-Li; Cheng, Jing

    2006-01-01

    ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Haiching Ma, Yuan Wang, Amy S. Pomaybo, and Connie Tsai 2. Improvement of Microarray Technologies for Detecting Single Nucleotide Mismatch...

  18. Meta-analysis of postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy without radiotherapy in early stage non-small cell lung cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chen YY

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Yuan-Yuan Chen,* Lin-Wei Wang,* Shu-Yi Wang, Bi-Bo Wu, Zhen-Meng Wang, Fang-Fang Chen, Bin Xiong Department of Oncology, Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University, Hubei Key Laboratory of Tumor Biological Behaviors and Hubei Cancer Clinical Study Center, Wuhan, Hubei, People’s Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Background: Many clinical trials have confirmed that postoperative adjuvant therapy can prolong survival of non-small cell lung cancer. However, the efficiency of postoperative chemotherapy without radiotherapy is unclear, especially in early stage (stages I and II. We aimed to assess the effect of postoperative chemotherapy without radiotherapy in early stage patients.Methods: Databases and manual searches were adopted to identify eligible randomized control trials. Hazard ratio (HR was used to assess the advantage of disease-free survival (DFS and overall survival (OS by fixed or random-effects models.Results: Fourteen trials with 3,923 patients were included based on inclusion criteria. Compared with surgery alone, postoperative chemotherapy significantly improved DFS and OS with HR of 0.71 (P=0.005 and 0.74 (P<0.00001, respectively. Subgroup analysis showed both cisplatin-based (HR: 0.75, P<0.0001 and single tegafur–uracil (UFT chemotherapy (HR: 0.72, P=0.002 yielded significant survival benefits, but the latter did not improve DFS (HR: 1.04, P=0.81. Indirect treatment comparison showed cisplatin-based chemotherapy was superior to single UFT in DFS, but comparable in OS. The benefits of postoperative chemotherapy were maintained in patients in stage I (HR: 0.74, P<0.00001 and IB (HR: 0.74, P=0.0003, but not in stage IA, although the trend supported chemotherapy (HR: 0.76, P=0.43.Conclusion: This meta-analysis demonstrates that postoperative chemotherapy without radiotherapy improves survival of stage I–II, I, and IB non-small cell lung cancer patients, but not for IA. Meanwhile, efficacy of cisplatin

  19. A study of the law of herbal administration in treating lung-distension by TCM physicians through history using cluster analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Zhen; Li, Feng-Sen; Upur, Halmurat

    2011-12-01

    To review the herbal drugs used most often for treating lung-distension by determining those used by physicians throughout history; to study their property, taste, and channel tropism; and to explore their compatibility. Historical prescriptions for treating lung-distension were collected and sorted. Property, taste and channel tropism were determined, and the law of herbal administration was determined by cluster analysis. One hundred and ninety five prescriptions were found, involving 166 herbal drugs, with a total appearance frequency of 1296 drugs. The herbs involved 8 properties (total appearance frequency, 1296), 7 forms of taste (total appearance frequency, 1991) and involved all 12 regular channels (total appearance frequency, 3382). Sixteen herbal drugs were used most often and formed 4 cluster prescriptions: C1: Xing Ren (Semen Armeniacae Amarum), Gan Cao (Radix Glycyrrhizae), and Ban Xia (Rhizoma Pinelliae); C2: Gui Zhi (Ramulus Cinnamomi), Wu Wei Zi (Fructus Schisandrae), and Sheng Jiang (Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens); C3: Da Zao (Fructus Jujubae), Ma Huang (Herba Ephedrae), and Shi Gao (Gypsum Fibrosum); and C4: Chen Pi (Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae), Jie Geng (Radix Platycodi), Fu Ling (Poria), Sang Bai Pi (Cortex Mori), Xi Xin (Herba Asari), Gan Jiang (Rhizoma Zingiberis), and Bai Shao (Radix Paeoniae Alba). In treating lung-distension, phlegm retention has been traditionally considered the underlying pathology, emphasizing regulation of the lung and spleen as key and stressing patient nourishment and mental improvement. Prescriptions for lung-distension should be made with reference to the property, taste, channel tropism, and effectiveness of the chosen herbal drugs.

  20. AcEST: BP915174 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available >tr|A8WU00|A8WU00_CAEBR CBR-ABTS-3 protein OS=Caenorhabditis briggsae GN=Cbr-abts-3 PE=4 SV=2 Length = 1016 ...sis protein OS=B... 33 9.1 tr|A8WU00|A8WU00_CAEBR CBR-ABTS-3 protein OS=Caenorhab

  1. Post‐Secondary Students Prefer IM to E‐mail for Personal and Social Communication. A review of: Lancaster, Sean, David C. Yen, Albert H. Huang, and Shin‐Yuan Hung. “The Selection of Instant Messaging or E‐mail: College Students’ Perspective for Computer Communication.” Information Management & Computer Security 15.1 (2007: 5‐22.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Virginia Wilson

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective – This study investigates college students’ perceptions of instant messaging (IM and e‐mail for conveying emotions, aiding in relationship building, ease of use, and reliability.Design – A survey consisting of 59 questions was administered to 1,000 college students, resulting in 545 usable responses.Setting – The research took place at a midwestern university in the United States.Subjects – 1,000 Management Information Systems (MIS college students.Methods – A 59‐question survey was distributed to 1,000 MIS students during the 2005 academic year. 545 usable responses were returned. Participation was voluntary. During the pre‐phase of the research, four categories were determined: emotion, relationship, usage, and reliability. Questions were then written for a pilot study using Likert scaling. The post‐research phase involved evaluating the questions linguistically to ensure proper word usage, comprehension, and lack of bias. Main Results – The questions in the section on conveying emotion dealt with how well the two technologies (e‐mail and IM communicated feelings and emotions. While both technologies were acknowledged as being able to communicate more than merely text, IM was clearly preferred for expressing emotion. Fifty‐two percent of the respondents strongly agreed or agreed that they used emoticons (originally symbols created with letters and special characters; later evolving into graphical images produced and made available by IM companies to express emotion in IM, while fewer than 11% agreed or strongly agreed that they did so in e‐mail. More than 70% of the respondents strongly agreed or agreed that their friends used emoticons in IM,while fewer than 14% strongly agreed or agreed that their friends used emoticons in e‐mails. More than 75% of respondents agreed that it is easier to convey emotions in IM than via e‐mail. Analysis on the questions that dealt with the technologies as useful relationship builders again showed a preference for IM. IM was preferred by a greater number of respondents for fostering friendships, improving relationships with friends or team members, building relationships, social interaction, and social networking. This section also found that more than 75% of the respondents felt that IM was more useful than e‐mail when interacting with friends. However, when asked about interacting with co‐workers specifically, only 44% were in agreement. Nearly 32% were neutral on this point, while 24% were in disagreement. It appears that IM is preferred over e‐mail for fostering social and friendly relationships, but is not preferred when the interaction is work‐related and more professional. In terms of use, both technologies were considered easy to learn and use by more than 90% of respondents. In terms of preferred use, more than 60% of respondents use IM for personal and social interaction, while less than 1% uses IM for work‐related activities. Nearly 80% of respondents preferred using e‐mail for work, and nearly 75% preferred using IM for social interaction. Sixty‐three percent of respondents did not agree that IM is just as effective as face‐to‐face meetings, while nearly 75% did not agree that e‐mail can be as effective as meeting face‐to‐face. In the areas of reliability, security, and privacy of IM and e‐mail, respondents perceived e‐mail more favourably. Sixty-four percent of respondents agreed or strongly agreed that IM is very reliable, while 80% of respondents felt the same way about e‐mail. Just over 30% of those questioned agreed that IM is very secure, while more than 50% felt that way about email. However, the gap is narrower when users were queried as to whether or not they worry about security: 13% strongly agreedwith the statement that users do not worry about their security when using IM, while 15% strongly agreed with the statement as it pertained to e‐mail. The same types of questions were asked about perceived privacy. Nearly 50% agreed that their privacy is protected with e‐mail, while just under 35% had the same belief about IM. More than 60% of respondents reported that they do not worry about privacy when emailing, while about 53% of respondents do not worry about privacy with IM. Conclusion – IM was perceived more favourably than e‐mail in 3 of the 4 categories: conveying emotions, building relationships, and ease of use. In the reliability category, e‐mail was perceived more favourably. However, there is a division between social interaction and professional communication. IM is preferred for personal and social relationships, while e‐mail is preferred for work‐related communication. Neither of the technologies is as desirable as face‐to‐face meetings.

  2. THE LITHOSPHERIC MAGNETIC FIELD ALONG THE NISHAN-GUYANG PROFILE, CHINA 6 datesYuan Jiehao1; Gu Zuowen1; Chen Bin1; Xu Rugang2; Wang Lie2; Wang Can1 1. Institute of Geophysics, China Earthquake Administration(IGP CEA), yjh810405@163.com 2. Anhui Earthquake Administration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuan, J.

    2014-12-01

    In order to research the lithospheric magnetic field and the magnetization structure, the geomagnetic field was surveyed along the Nishan-Guyang profile with 900 km long in the Neimenggu and Shanxi provinces in China. The distance between the adjacent geomagnetic sites is about 7 km along the profile. The geomagnetic data were analyzed, and the lithospheric magnetic field was obtained. Using the upward continuation method, the geomagnetic anomalies in different depths were obtained: the basement anomaly, the upper crust anomaly and the superficial anomaly. Basing on these geomagnetic anomalies, the magnetization structure was obtained by using the software of the ModelVision 11.0. The preliminary results show: (1) The geomagnetic anomalies have good relationship with the local geological structure. (2) The magnetization structure is related to the depth variation of the Curie interface, the values of the magnetic susceptibility, the seismic activity and the tectonic block.

  3. Quantitative analysis of oyster larval proteome provides new insights into the effects of multiple climate change stressors, supplement to: Dineshram, R; Chandramouli, K; Ko, W K Ginger; Zhang, Huoming; Qian, Pei Yuan; Ravasi, Timothy; Thiyagarajan, Vengatesen (2016): Quantitative analysis of oyster larval proteome provides new insights into the effects of multiple climate change stressors. Global Change Biology, 22(6), 2054-2068

    KAUST Repository

    Dineshram, R

    2016-01-01

    The metamorphosis of planktonic larvae of the Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) underpins their complex life-history strategy by switching on the molecular machinery required for sessile life and building calcite shells. Metamorphosis becomes a survival bottleneck, which will be pressured by different anthropogenically induced climate change-related variables. Therefore, it is important to understand how metamorphosing larvae interact with emerging climate change stressors. To predict how larvae might be affected in a future ocean, we examined changes in the proteome of metamorphosing larvae under multiple stressors: decreased pH (pH 7.4), increased temperature (30 °C), and reduced salinity (15 psu). Quantitative protein expression profiling using iTRAQ-LC-MS/MS identified more than 1300 proteins. Decreased pH had a negative effect on metamorphosis by down-regulating several proteins involved in energy production, metabolism, and protein synthesis. However, warming switched on these down-regulated pathways at pH 7.4. Under multiple stressors, cell signaling, energy production, growth, and developmental pathways were up-regulated, although metamorphosis was still reduced. Despite the lack of lethal effects, significant physiological responses to both individual and interacting climate change related stressors were observed at proteome level. The metamorphosing larvae of the C. gigas population in the Yellow Sea appear to have adequate phenotypic plasticity at the proteome level to survive in future coastal oceans, but with developmental and physiological costs.

  4. BRST invariant PV regularization of SUSY Yang–Mills and SUGRA

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2012-06-08

    Jun 8, 2012 ... and gauge transformation properties of the matter supermultiplets: δa Zi = i(Ta Z)i , δa Z. ¯m = −i(T T a Z) .... The PV superfields ZI now transform as in (2.7), and the supertraces (3.8), (3.10) and. (3.11) get the additional ..... supersymmetry is referred to as 'anomaly mediation'. The one-loop contribution to ...

  5. Existence of non-abelian representations of the near hexagon Q(5,2 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    in Y. Now, from the parallel lines {xj ,zi xj ,zk xj } and {xk,zi xk ,z j xk } of Q(xj ,xk), it follows that zi xj ∼ zi xk . D. Lemma 2.3. Let l = {a,b,c} be a line of S intersecting Y at c. If c ∈ Qi, then. (i) d(ai,bj ) = 2 = d(ai,bk). (ii) d(aj ,bk) = 1. In fact, aj = z j bk . Proof. We have ai = bi = c. Then d(ai,bj ) = d(bi,bj ) = 2 by Lemma 2.1. Similarly,.

  6. Electroencephalogram characteristics in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wu T

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Tong Wu,1 Xianghua Qi,1 Yuan Su,2 Jing Teng,1 Xiangqing Xu11Internal Medicine-Neurology, Shandong Provincial Traditional Chinese Medical Hospital, 2School of Mathematic and Quantitative Economics, Shandong University of Finance and Economics, Jinan, People’s Republic of ChinaObjective: To explore the electroencephalogram (EEG characteristics in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS using brain electrical activity mapping (BEAM and EEG nonlinear dynamical analysis.Methods: Forty-seven outpatients were selected over a 3-month period and divided into an observation group (24 outpatients and a control group (23 outpatients by using the non-probability sampling method. All the patients were given a routine EEG. The BEAM and the correlation dimension changes were analyzed to characterize the EEG features.Results: 1 BEAM results indicated that the energy values of δ, θ, and α1 waves significantly increased in the observation group, compared with the control group (P<0.05, P<0.01, respectively, which suggests that the brain electrical activities in CFS patients were significantly reduced and stayed in an inhibitory state; 2 the increase of δ, θ, and α1 energy values in the right frontal and left occipital regions was more significant than other encephalic regions in CFS patients, indicating the region-specific encephalic distribution; 3 the correlation dimension in the observation group was significantly lower than the control group, suggesting decreased EEG complexity in CFS patients.Conclusion: The spontaneous brain electrical activities in CFS patients were significantly reduced. The abnormal changes in the cerebral functions were localized at the right frontal and left occipital regions in CFS patients.Keywords: electrical activities, brain electrical activity mapping, nonlinear dynamical analysis

  7. The Peoples Republic of China High-Frequency Gravitational Wave Research Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, Robert M. L.

    2009-03-01

    For the past decade the Peoples Republic of China has been increasingly active in the pursuit of High-Frequency Gravitational Wave (HFGW) research. Much of their progress has been during 2008. An epochal achievement was the publication of the theoretical analysis of the Li-Baker HFGW detector in the European Physical Journal C (Li, et al., 2008), "Perturbative Photon Fluxes Generated by High-Frequency Gravitational Waves and Their Physical Effects"). Many Chinese scientists and graduate students have participated in these HFGW studies and their contributions are briefly discussed. Some of the key scientists and their institutions are as follows: first from Chongqing University: Zhenyun Fang, Director of the Institute of Theoretical Physics, Xing gang Wu, The Institute of Theoretical Physics, Nan Yang, The Institute of Gravitational Physics; Jun Luo, Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST), Wuhan, China, the Head of Gravitational Laboratory, Yang Zhang, University of Science and Technology of China, Associate Dean of the College of Sciences, Biao Li, Institute of Electronic Engineering of China Academy of Engineering Physics (CAEP), Chief of Microwave Antenna Division, Chuan-Ming Zhou, Technology Committee of Institute of Electronic Engineering of the CAEP, Jie Zhou, Institute of Electronic Engineering of the CAEP, Chief of the Signal Processing Division; Weijia Wen, Department of Physics, The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology. This Chinese HFGW team includes two parts: (1) Theoretical study and (2) Experimental investigation. These two parts have closed relations, and many cross projects, including cooperation between the American GravWave and Chinese HFGW teams. Referring to financial support, The Institute of Electronic Engineering (i.e., Microwave Laboratory) has already (June 2008) provided support more than three million Yuan for the HFGW detection project and this activity is discussed.

  8. Proceedings of the 2016 China Cancer Immunotherapy Workshop

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bin Xue

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Table of contents A1 Proceedings of 2016 China Cancer Immunotherapy Workshop, Beijing, China Bin Xue, Jiaqi Xu, Wenru Song, Zhimin Yang, Ke Liu, Zihai Li A2 Set the stage: fundamental immunology in forty minutes Zihai Li A3 What have we learnt from the anti-PD-1/PD-L1 therapy of advanced human cancer? Lieping Chen A4 Immune checkpoint inhibitors in lung cancer Edward B. Garon A5 Mechanisms of response and resistance to checkpoint inhibitors in melanoma Siwen Hu-Lieskovan A6 Checkpoint inhibitor immunotherapy in lymphoid malignancies Wei Ding A7 Translational research to improve the efficacy of immunotherapy in genitourinary malignancies Chong-Xian Pan A8 Immune checkpoint inhibitors in gastrointestinal malignancies Weijing Sun A9 What’s next beyond PD-1/PDL1? Yong-Jun Liu A10 Cancer vaccines: new insights into the oldest immunotherapy strategy Lei Zheng A11 Bispecific antibodies for cancer immunotherapy Delong Liu A12 Updates on CAR-T immunotherapy Michel Sadelain A13 Adoptive T cell therapy: personalizing cancer treatment Cassian Yee A14 Immune targets and neoantigens for cancer immunotherapy Rongfu Wang A15 Phase I/IIa trial of chimeric antigen receptor modified T cells against CD133 in patients with advanced and metastatic solid tumors Meixia Chen, Yao Wang, Zhiqiang Wu, Hanren Dai, Can Luo, Yang Liu, Chuan Tong, Yelei Guo, Qingming Yang, Weidong Han A16 Cancer immunotherapy biomarkers: progress and issues Lisa H. Butterfield A17 Shaping of immunotherapy response by cancer genomes Timothy A. Chan A18 Unique development consideration for cancer immunotherapy Wenru Song A19 Immunotherapy combination Ruirong Yuan A20 Immunotherapy combination with radiotherapy Bo Lu A21 Cancer immunotherapy: past, present and future Ke Liu A22 Breakthrough therapy designation drug development and approval Max Ning A23 Current European regulation of innovative oncology medicines: opportunities for immunotherapy Harald Enzmann, Heinz Zwierzina

  9. Protective effect of gonadotropin-releasing hormone analog on the ovarian reserve in rats receiving cyclophosphamide treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gui T

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Ting Gui,1,* Guangwen Yuan,2,* Keng Shen,1 Dongyan Cao,1 Jiaxin Yang,1 Ming Wu,1 Jinghe Lang11Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, 2Department of Gynecologic Oncology, Cancer Hospital, Peking Union Medical College, Chinese Academy of Medical Science, Beijing, People’s Republic of China*These authors contributed equally to this workObjective: The aim of the study reported here was to investigate the protective effect of gonadotropin-releasing hormone analog (GnRHa against cyclophosphamide (CTX-induced gonadotoxicity.Methods: Eighty Fischer 344 rats were divided randomly into four groups (20 per group. One group received normal saline, one GnRHa, one CTX, and one GnRHa+CTX. Several parameters were used to observe the ovarian reserve, including ovary weight, follicle number and diameter, concentrations of estradiol (E2 and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH, and expressions of sex hormone receptors.Results: When treatment was finished, the number of small follicles in the GnRHa+CTX group was significantly higher than in the CTX-alone group. Thirty days after treatment, the ovary weight, percentage of small follicles, mean follicular diameter, and serum concentrations of E2 and FSH in the GnRHa+CTX group all recovered, approaching normal levels. Sex hormone receptors did not show significant differences between the four groups.Conclusion: Combination treatment with GnRHa could prevent CTX-induced damage to ovarian reserve.Keywords: gonadotoxicity, ovarian reserve, GnRHa, CTX, premature ovarian failure

  10. WORD BORROWING AND VOCABULARY EXCHANGE IN TURKISH DIALECTS: CASE OF OSMANIYE TATAR DIALECT / TÜRK LEHÇELERI ARASINDA SÖZCÜK ALIS VERISI VE SÖZ VARLIĞI DEĞISIMI: OSMANIYE TATAR AĞZI ÖRNEĞI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Ercan ALKAYA

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available The basic vocabulary which constructs the main vocabulary of alanguage is the word that is transferred from generation to generation in everylanguage, has importance of first degree and reflects important concepts aboutmankind and his environment. The words dealing with body, color, andconcepts about nature, animal names, numbers, and the most used verbs,words of holy concepts and persons and traditions consist of basic vocabularyof a language. In this study, the change in vocabulary of Kazan Tatar Turks, whomigrated from Kazan, Orenburg and Samara regions and inhabited in thevillage of Osmaniye of Çifteler, Eskisehir after 1884, was investigated. Thedialects of Tatar Turks who migrated from Kazan and its surrounding areawere affected by the local people who have been living in that region. Thoughthey still protect phonetical and morphological features of their language, itwas affected by the local dialect and Turkey Turkish.The main changes in the vocabulary of Tatar Turks in Osmaniye villagewere evaluated under several headings.

  11. La técnica fisioterapéutica de Françoise Mézières: una solución efectiva para la corrección de las problemáticas posturales y respiratorias de los instrumentistas de viento

    OpenAIRE

    Elgström, Edmon

    2017-01-01

    En este artículo se exponen algunas de las problemáticas más habituales que presentan los instrumentistas de viento durante su estudio, relacionadas con el uso del cuerpo y la respiración, las cuales les impiden llevar a cabo el proceso de aprendizaje del instrumento de una manera confortable y, al mismo tiempo, no les permiten expresar todo su potencial musical. Para dar una solución a dichas problemáticas se comentan las posibilidades y las prestaciones que ofrece la técnica ...

  12. Dva dětské pohřby na pozdně halštatském až časně laténském sídlišti v Dobrovízi, okr. Praha-západ

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Psohlavcová, Monika; Stránská, Petra; Trojánková, Olga

    2017-01-01

    Roč. 21, č. 2 (2017), s. 833-845 ISSN 1214-3553 Institutional support: RVO:67985912 Keywords : infant grave * Late Hallstatt/Early La Tène settlement * import Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology

  13. Degradace organických znečišťujících látek ve vodě nízkoteplotním plazmatem na bázi pokročilých procesů

    OpenAIRE

    BALAKRISHNAN, Syam Krishna

    2017-01-01

    Water pollution by organic contaminants and other anthropogenic substances is one of the major global problems nowadays. The aquatic contaminants include pesticides, pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs), steroid hormones and synthetic dyes. Traditional processes such as UV irradiation at disinfection doses, coagulation, flocculation, precipitation, microfiltration and ultrafiltration are ineffective for the complete removal of organic contaminants in water, whereas the so called...

  14. Az adóráták és a korrupció hatása az adóbevételekre - nemzetközi összehasonlítás: OECD országok, 2000 - 2004

    OpenAIRE

    Lackó, Mária

    2008-01-01

    The paper exemines the combined effect of the statutory tax rates (especially tax rates on labor) and the level of corruption on the variation of relative tax revenues (their ratio to GDP) in the OECD countries in 2000-2004. The relationship between the interaction of tax rates with corruption and the relative tax revenues shows an inverse U-shape line, as if it were a Laffer-curve. However, according to our econometric analysis, this relationship is the outcome of several separate effects: t...

  15. Školní pěvecký sbor jako prostředek zvyšování zájmu o hudbu a jako alternativa její výuky na čtyřletých gymnáziích

    OpenAIRE

    Spiritová, Martina

    2017-01-01

    Abstract This dissertation is focused on music education at high schools (childern 15-19 of age). It describes experimental educational concept which is based on the principle that students do not attend common lessons of music but they are members of a choir. The piece, which they study in a choir, is a mean of learning. The text describes the legislation which is connected with music education at high schools and the current situation, it is also focused on the concept and two examples...

  16. Vzdělávání geografií v období kurikulární reformy českého školství: reflexe změn na vybraných pražských gymnáziích

    OpenAIRE

    Jáchym, Jan

    2011-01-01

    The thesis, as the title suggests, focuses on education of Geography and analysis of Geography as a subject at Prague grammar schools. The aim of the thesis is to evaluate the impact of curricular changes on teaching Geography. Furthermore, the thesis is to analyze the ideas of the Geography teachers on teaching methods and content taught to students in their lessons. The work also evaluates the variety of opinions of the pedagogues concerning this topic. It also discusses their different vie...

  17. A globalizáció és a kohéziós politika hatása Magyarországon a 2014-2020-as időszakban (Globalisation and the Effect of the Cohesion Policy in Hungary in 2014-2020

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Csaba Sarido

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Globalisation entails social, political, technological, environmental and cultural cross-border exchange and links, which connect individuals, communities and governments, all over the world. Major environmental problems, such as air pollution, deforestation, the hole in the ozone layer and global warming, have to be solved, because they affect everyone living on earth. Saving ecosystems through the conservation of non-renewable energy sources and the preservation of natural habitats is of primary importance, as well. According to the EU budget for 2014-2020 the cohesion policy invests 325 billion euros in member states in order to be able to accomplish the aims related to growth and the creation of workplaces and deal with the challenges of climate change, energy dependency and social exclusion. The smart, sustainable and inclusive growth should be highlighted from the strategic objectives of cohesion policy and the 11 thematic objectives, the accomplishment of which is compulsory for all the member states. The template requirement of the implementation of EU goals makes it difficult to enforce national aims and their representation in development plans. Another problem is that among the goals there are no specifically regional ones. The most important regulatory changes in the new budget cycle refer to the reduction of utilizable funds, strengthening resource and thematic concentration, stricter measurement of results, and making it more difficult to access funds. The system of aims of the Széchenyi 2020 development plan is adjusted to the regulations following the value aims of Europe 2020 strategy and formulates sustainable, high added value production, expansion of employment and national aims promoting economic growth. The 8 cohesion programs including the national contribution envisage the use of 25297 billion euros, the 60 percent of which serves the goals of economic development. Priority is given to regional and municipal development, environmental and energy efficiency, traffic and human resource development. In the paper we deal with the changes and strategy of cohesion policy and the Széchenyi 2020 development plan. We evaluate the development possibilities regarding self-governments, the decentralization of funds and new regional integration tools. Hungary meets the EU requirements in the 7 year period starting in 2014, and takes one of the most advantageous net positions in the ranking of EU 28.

  18. Wpływ estrogenów na stężenie N-terminalnego propeptydu kolagenu typu I w płynie uzyskanym z przestrzennych hodowli ludzkich fibroblastów powięzi łonowo-cewkowej prowadzonych na siatkach polipropylenowych stosowanych w uroginekologii operacyjnej

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacek Tomaszewski

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: Polypropylene meshes are widely used for surgical treatment of stress urinary incontinence(SUI and pelvic organ prolapse (POP. Synthesis and deposition of collagen induced by an inserted implant arelargely controlled by oestrogens. The aim of the study was to assess the rate of collagen type I (Col I synthesisby pubo-cervical fascia (PCF fibroblasts cultured with mono- or multifilament polypropylene meshes in thepresence of oestrogens. Material and Methods: Specimens of PCF were obtained during a surgical procedure from a 56-year-old womansuffering from SUI and POP. Fibroblasts were cultured with mono- or multifilament meshes and exposed to17β-oestradiol, oestriol or phytoestrogen daidzein. The cultures were run for 216 hrs and the media were replaced every 72 hrs. Procollagen type 1 N-terminal propeptide (PINP, a marker of Col I biosynthesis, was assessedin culture media by radioimmunoassay. Results: The biosynthesis of Col I was more abundant in the presence of monofilament than multifilamentmeshes. Fibroblasts exposed to oestriol or daidzein produced more Col I than those treated with oestradiol,regardless of the mesh applied. In the presence of monofilament mesh the rate of Col I synthesis induced byoestriol and daidzein increased persistently until the end of the experiment, whereas the peak concentration ofPINP in cultures treated with oestradiol was observed between 72 hrs and 144 hrs. In the presence of multifilamentmesh the rate of Col I production dropped after 144 hrs in all cultures. Conclusions: PCF fibroblasts produce more Col I when cultured on monofilament than on multifilamentmesh. This process may be enhanced by oestriol and phytoestrogens.

  19. Többnyelvű névtani lexikográfia: a Dictionary of Medieval Names from European Sources elnevezésű nemzetközi szótári projekt [Cross-Linguistic Onomastic Lexicography: the Dictionary of Medieval Names from European Sources

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Uckelman, Sara L.

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper discusses the international project entitled Dictionary of Medieval Names from European Sources, initiated by European researchers. The authors enumerate the reasons for and the aims of the establishment of this online onomasticon; its contents, structure and technical background are revealed; the editorial guidelines are also presented (with special emphasis on explaining the method of crowd-sourcing, documentation and attribution. The paper underlines the significance of the dictionary, as it can be used in different fields (by linguists, sociologists, historians and the general public; then the authors focus on two basic technical issues of editing: the determination of the head forms and the conditions under which a name is considered a variant of another name. The paper accounts for the features of DMNES that are different from those of Hungarian onomasticons; explains the relevance of the dictionary in Hungarian Onomastics; and finally introduces the blog connected to the project.

  20. ADDITIONS FROM TARSUS REGION TO THE DICTIONARY OF COMPILATION (DERLEME SOZLUGU AND THE DICTIONARY OF MERSIN DIALECT (MERSIN AGZI SOZLUGU DERLEME SÖZLÜĞÜ VE MERSİN AĞZI SÖZLÜĞÜ’NE TARSUS YÖRESİNDEN KATKILAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa TOKER

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Local dialects have begun to be forgotten rapidly following the mass communication media entered in lives. This situation deeply impacts dialects in terms of sound (phonetics, structure (morphology, and repertory of words (vocabulary. Turkish dialects are approaching the grammarrules of the written language by the impact of the mass communication media and facing weakening in terms of vocabulary by the time passes. In other words, local dialects are approaching the written language be ingunable to protect itself against the pressure of the written language and vocabulary is exposed to wear stemming from not beingused. These words which are facing extinction in the dialects should be registered in no time. Up to this time in this subject many studies belonging to various regions of our country have been done. This study was prepared as an addition to those studies. Kitle iletişim araçlarının insan hayatına girmesiyle yerel diller (ağızlar hızla unutulmaya başladı. Bu durum, ağızları gerek ses (fonetik, gerek yapı (morfoloji, ve gerekse de söz varlığı (vocabulary açısından derinden etkilemektedir. Türkiye Türkçesi ağızları bu kitle iletişim araçlarının etkisiyle yazı dilinin gramer kurallarına yakınlaşmakta, söz varlığı açısından da gün geçtikçe zayıflamaktadır. Başka bir ifadeyle, yerel diller yazı dilinin ağırlığı altında kendisini muhafaza edemeyerek yazı diline yaklaşmakta, söz varlığı da kullanılmaya kullanılmaya daralmaktadır. Ağızlardaki yok olma tehlikesiyle karşı karşıya olan bu kelimelerin bir an önce kayda geçirilmesi gerekmektedir. Bu zamana kadar konuyla ilgili olarak ülkemizin çeşitli yörelerine ait pek çok çalışma yapılmıştır. Bu çalışma da bu çalışmalara bir katkı olmak üzere hazırlanmıştır.

  1. Analýza možností provedení evakuace obyvatelstva v předúnikové fázi radiační havárie v podmínkách ETE

    OpenAIRE

    MAKRLÍK, Jaroslav

    2011-01-01

    Nuclear facility accidents involving leaks of radioactive substances into the environment might have serious radiobiological impacts on inhabitants in some cases and would require immediate or subsequent protective measures from iodine prophylaxis and hiding to evacuation or permanent resettlement. The first part of the thesis describes the conditions of nuclear facility operation, technology of the Temelin nuclear power plant, including description of technology and function of emergency sys...

  2. The Analysis of the Learning Strategies Utilized By Students in Music Class in Terms of Some Psychosocial Variables (Öğrencilerin Kullandığı Müziği Öğrenme Stratejilerinin Bazı Psikososyal Değişkenler Bakımından Analizi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zeynep SEVER

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the study was to bring up learning strategies in music used by 4th, 5th and 6th graders in primary schools in terms of some psychosocial variables. This study is important as it lights the way for the future of our education system and specially strategy teaching in music. The problems and their possible solutions faced during learning of the music were represented. The Sample of this study was composed of totally 200, 4th, 5th and 6th graders in two different primary schools from İzmir-Bornova. The method of the study was Survey model. The opinions of the students regarding their strategies of learning music were gathered by the triple Likert type scale called “Scale for Strategies of Learning Music” which was developed by Kocabaş (1998b. The data analysis was computed under SSPS 15.0 program by using T-test and one way variance. The reliability of the scale of this study was 0,83. As a result of this study, it was observed that gender; school types, the existence of musical education outsources, a person in the family having musical background or playing a musical instrument were effective on the opinions about the strategies followed and used by students during learning music.

  3. Studium oxidace CO a metanolu za vysokého tlaku na katalyzátorech ve formě nanoprášků oxidů kovů vzácných zemin a tenkých vrstev na bázi platiny

    OpenAIRE

    Rednyk, Andrii

    2016-01-01

    Title: High pressure CO and methanol oxidation study over nanopowder Rare Earth Oxides and platinum thin film catalysts Author: Mgr. Andrii Rednyk Department: Department of Surface and Plasma Science Supervisor: Prof. RNDr. Vladimír Matolín, DrSc. Abstract: This doctoral thesis focuses on reactivity study of nanopowder rare earth oxides (REOs) and platinum based thin film catalysts using microreactor with high pressure reaction cell. REOs nanoparticles were prep...

  4. ANALYSIS AND CORRECTION OF SYSTEMATIC HEIGHT MODEL ERRORS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Jacobsen

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The geometry of digital height models (DHM determined with optical satellite stereo combinations depends upon the image orientation, influenced by the satellite camera, the system calibration and attitude registration. As standard these days the image orientation is available in form of rational polynomial coefficients (RPC. Usually a bias correction of the RPC based on ground control points is required. In most cases the bias correction requires affine transformation, sometimes only shifts, in image or object space. For some satellites and some cases, as caused by small base length, such an image orientation does not lead to the possible accuracy of height models. As reported e.g. by Yong-hua et al. 2015 and Zhang et al. 2015, especially the Chinese stereo satellite ZiYuan-3 (ZY-3 has a limited calibration accuracy and just an attitude recording of 4 Hz which may not be satisfying. Zhang et al. 2015 tried to improve the attitude based on the color sensor bands of ZY-3, but the color images are not always available as also detailed satellite orientation information. There is a tendency of systematic deformation at a Pléiades tri-stereo combination with small base length. The small base length enlarges small systematic errors to object space. But also in some other satellite stereo combinations systematic height model errors have been detected. The largest influence is the not satisfying leveling of height models, but also low frequency height deformations can be seen. A tilt of the DHM by theory can be eliminated by ground control points (GCP, but often the GCP accuracy and distribution is not optimal, not allowing a correct leveling of the height model. In addition a model deformation at GCP locations may lead to not optimal DHM leveling. Supported by reference height models better accuracy has been reached. As reference height model the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM digital surface model (DSM or the new AW3D30 DSM, based on ALOS

  5. Keeping Tradition

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zenhong, C.; Buwalda, P.L.

    2011-01-01

    Chinese dumplings such as Jiao Zi and Bao Zi are two of the popular traditional foods in Asia. They are usually made from wheat flour dough (rice flour or starch is sometimes used) that contains fillings. They can be steamed, boiled and fried and are consumed either as a main meal or dessert. As

  6. Re?bus disainivõistlus ehk noored innovaatorid bussirevolutsiooni otsinguil

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    2005. a. algul agentuuri APCI (Agence pour la Promotion de la Creation Industrielle) poolt korraldatud disainivõistlusest Re?bus. Eestist valiti 30 finalisti hulka büroo ZiZi & YoYo töö. Edukamad võistlustööd olid juuni algul väljas rahvusvahelise ühistranspordi assotsiatsiooni (UITP) 56. kongressil Roomas

  7. Study of LZ-based location prediction and its application to transportation recommender systems

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Rodriguez-Carrion, Alicia; Garcia-Rubio, Carlos; Campo, Celeste; Cortés-Martín, Alberto; Garcia-Lozano, Estrella; Noriega-Vivas, Patricia

    2012-01-01

    .... This work is focused on a set of LZ-based algorithms (LZ, LeZi Update and Active LeZi) capable of learning mobility patterns and estimating the next location with low resource needs, which makes it possible to execute them on mobile devices...

  8. Täna kell 19.30 avatakse reisisadama endises politseimajas...

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Ranna-ala arenguvõimalusi tutvustav näitus "Tagasi mere juurde. Mereõhk teeb vabaks", linnadevahelise projekti "Grands Travaux" osa. Väljapaneku on koostanud Tallinna linnavalitsusse ja AS Tallinna Sadam tellimusel disainibüroo ZiZi & YoYo

  9. Assessment of commonly available antimicrobial agents. a study ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nystatin (Cyprus) produced ZI between 10 and 12mm against both fungi; similarly Fluconazole (India) yielded between 16.5 and 20mm of ZI against both C. albicans and C. neoformans. The antimicrobial agents analyzed in this study have demonstrated substantial antimicrobial activities against the test microorganisms, ...

  10. Trend on teada, või kuidas? / Tõnu Kaalep

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaalep, Tõnu, 1966-

    1999-01-01

    Sisustusmess "Habitare'99" Helsingis. Praegune sisekujundusmood. Eestist olid messil ZiZi kodutekstiilid, Steel Line'i toodetud Tarmo Luisu lambid, kataloogi andmetel firmad Majestic ja Päikesedekoori OÜ. Noorte mööblidisainivõistluse võitsid Touko Korhonen ja Simo Puntila. Hindaja inglise disainiprofessor Ron Arad. Üks Soome Sisearhitektide Liidu kahest aastapreemiast Ben af Schultenile

  11. Il valore e la fenomenologia della situazione nelle opere di Heidegger

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florin Voica

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Review of: Christian Ferencz-Flatz, Obişnuit şi neobişnuit în viaţa de zi cu zi. Fenomenologia situaţiei şi critica heideggeriană a conceptului de valoare. Bucureşti: Humanitas, 2009

  12. [Studies on direct and indirect economic burden of disease and related factor in countryside of Qingdao city in 2001].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhuang, Run-sen; Wang, Sheng-yong; Liang, Wan-nian; Jing, Chun-xia; Li, Bing; Yan, Bo

    2003-03-01

    To study the condition of economic burden of disease in the countryside and to explore the related factors. Human capital method and two-step method were used in the calculation of economic burden of disease. The total economic burden of disease among 3359 persons was 3072 225 Yuan. Noncommunicable conditions were accounted for 62.95%, while communicable disease, maternal and perinatal conditions accounted for 24.25%, and injury accounted for 9.83% respectively. The direct economic burden of disease was 1,559,619 Yuan and the indirect economic burden of disease was 1,472,606 Yuan. The economic burden of disease for each person was 914 Yuan. The equal burden of disease among patients with disability and without disability were 3070 Yuan and 680 Yuan respectively (P countryside.

  13. Categorizing renal oncocytic neoplasms on core needle biopsy: a morphologic and immunophenotypic study of 144 cases with clinical follow-up. Alderman MA, Daignault S, Wolf JS Jr, Palapattu GS, Weizer AZ, Hafez KS, Kunju LP, Wu AJ. Hum Pathol.September 2016;55:1-10.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kryvenko, Oleksandr N

    2017-06-01

    There is limited literature on renal oncocytic neoplasms diagnosed on core biopsy. All renal oncocytic neoplasm core biopsies from 2006 to 2013 were, retrospectively, reviewed. Morphologic features and an immunohistochemical panel of CK7, c-KIT, and S100A1 were assessed. Concordance with resection diagnosis, statistical analysis including a random forest classification, and follow-up were recorded. The postimmunohistochemical diagnoses of 144 renal oncocytic core biopsies were favor oncocytoma (67%), favor renal cell carcinoma (RCC) (12%), and cannot exclude RCC (21%). Diagnosis was revised following immunohistochemistry in 7% of cases. The most common features for oncocytoma (excluding dense granular cytoplasm) were nested architecture, edematous stroma, binucleation and tubular architecture; the most common features for favor RCC were sheet-like architecture, nuclear pleomorphism, papillary architecture, and prominent cell borders. High nuclear grade, necrosis, extensive papillary architecture, raisinoid nuclei, and frequent mitoses were not seen in oncocytomas. Comparing the pathologist and random forest classification, the overall out-of-bag estimate of classification error dropped from 23% to 13% when favor RCC and cannot exclude RCC was combined into 1 category. Resection was performed in 19% (28 cases) with a 94% concordance (100% of favor RCC biopsies and 90% of cannot exclude RCC biopsies confirmed as RCC; 83% of favor oncocytomas confirmed); ablation in 23%; and surveillance in 46%. Follow-up was available in 92% (median follow-up, 33 months) with no adverse outcomes. Renal oncocytic neoplasms comprise a significant subset (16%) of all core biopsies, and the majority (78%) can be classified as favor oncocytoma or favor RCC. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. 實徵研究/你用青春碰撞什麼?大學生閱讀行為的調查分析/黃焜煌;吳榮彬;張簡誌誠 | A Survey of the College Students' Reading Behavior in Taiwan/Kun-Huang Huarng;Jungpin Wu;Chih-Cheng Changchien

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    黃焜煌、吳榮彬、張簡誌誠 Kun-Huang Huarng; Jungpin Wu; Chih-Cheng Changchien

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available 鑑於「閱讀」是學習者藉以獲取資訊來源、判讀知識內容、吸收經驗智慧的主要途徑,閱讀動機、能力以及風氣的強弱對於學習成效的影響甚巨,因此,希望透過較大規模的調查,以觀察現階段大學生閱讀行為的整體樣貌與發展趨勢。本文以自編問卷作為調查工具,大學在校學生為調查對象,在2008年2月18日至3月3日期間,選擇北、中、南10所大學院校,以無名冊的系統抽樣方式施測,總計發出1500份問卷,有效問卷1,077份,並利用SPSS統計軟體進行分析。本文以外在環境影響、內在個人因素以及行為產出結果等三個構面為主,同時針對圖書館、校園書店等閱讀補助機構進行分析與觀察,並據以描繪大學生閱讀行為的輪廓與問題,進而提供改善閱讀風氣的策略方案。The main purpose of this research is to explore the reading behavior of college students in Taiwan. The authors employed survey research method, and adopted a self-editing questionnaire, and used the systematic sampling to conduct the whole sampling survey. During February 18, 2008 to March 3, 2008, there were 1500 samples in total were surveyed. The number of the valid samples was 1077. Three factors consisted of the environmental factors, the individual factors, the outcome performance were used for data analysis. SPSS statistical software package was employed. This survey reported the college students’ reading behavior in Taiwan. Based on the research findings, the suggestions for reading improvement were proposed.頁次:37-54

  15. Commentary on "tissue-specific mutagenesis by N-butyl-N-(4-hydroxybutyl) nitrosamine as the basis for urothelial cell carcinogenesis." He Z, Kosinska W, Zhao ZL, Wu XR, Guttenplan JB, Department of Basic Science, New York University Dental College, NY, USA.: Mutat Res 2012;742(1-2):92-5 [Epub 2011 Dec 4].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scherr, Douglas S

    2014-02-01

    Bladder cancer is one of the few cancers that have been linked to carcinogens in the environment and tobacco smoke. Of the carcinogens tested in mouse chemical carcinogenesis models, N-butyl-N-(4-hydroxybutyl)nitrosamine (BBN) is one that reproducibly causes high-grade, invasive cancers in the urinary bladder, but not in any other tissues. However, the basis for such a high-level tissue-specificity has not been explored. Using mutagenesis in lacI (Big Blue™) mice, we show here that BBN is a potent mutagen and it causes high-level of mutagenesis specifically in the epithelial cells (urothelial) of the urinary bladder. After a 2-6-week treatment of 0.05% BBN in the drinking water, mutagenesis in urothelial cells of male and female mice was about two orders of magnitude greater than the spontaneous mutation background. In contrast, mutagenesis in smooth muscle cells of the urinary bladder was about five times lower than in urothelial tissue. No appreciable increase in mutagenesis was observed in kidney, ureter, liver or forestomach. In lacI (Big Blue™) rats, BBN mutagenesis was also elevated in urothelial cells, albeit not nearly as profoundly as in mice. This provides a potential explanation as to why rats are less prone than mice to the formation of aggressive form of bladder cancer induced by BBN. Our results suggest that the propensity to BBN-triggered mutagenesis of urothelial cells underlies its heightened susceptibility to this carcinogen and that mutagenesis induced by BBN represents a novel model for initiation of bladder carcinogenesis. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. 天津圖書館專輯/網上資源自由存取與圖書館服務/吳慰慈;谷秀潔 | Free Access to the Internet Resources and the Library Service Response/ Wei-Ci Wu;Xiu-Jie Gu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    吳慰慈、谷秀潔

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available

    網上資源自由存取有廣義和狹義兩種理解,它既是一種理性的權利也是一種理性的活動。儘管技術、民主、利益和全球化四條主線並不能完全概括網上資訊自 由存取所面臨的困難或成因,但是筆者將之作為一種分析問題的視角提出來供大家探討。最後,結台國內外實際情況對我國圖書館服務回應提出一些建議。

    There are two ways to understand the meaning of free access to the Internet resources: broad sense and narrow sense. The free access not only means a sort of rational rights but also a kind of rational activity. Although technology, democracy, benefit and globalization would not cover all reasons which restrict the free access to Internet resources, the authors just try to use them as analysis perspectives. Finally, according to the fact, they suggest some library service response stratagems.

    頁次:67-75

  17. Theoretical exploration of pnicogen bond noncovalent interactions ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Chemical Sciences; Volume 127; Issue 10. Theoretical exploration of pnicogen bond noncovalent interactions in HCHO· · · PH2X (X=CH3, H, C6H5, F, Cl, Br, and NO2) complexes. Yan-Zhi Liu Kun Yuan Zhao Yuan Yuan-Cheng Zhu Xiang Zhao. Volume 127 Issue 10 October 2015 pp 1729-1738 ...

  18. Scattering of a spherical pulse from a small inhomogeneity ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    R. Narasimhan (Krishtel eMaging Solutions)

    Lysmer and Drake 1972), the Born approximation (Wu and Aki 1985a), the complex screen approach. (Wu 1994), Kirchoff-Helmhotz integration (Neu- berg and Pointer 1995), the boundary integral equation method (Benites, Aki and Yamogida.

  19. Can Medical Herbs Stimulate Regeneration or Neuroprotection and Treat Neuropathic Pain in Chemotherapy-Induced Peripheral Neuropathy?

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Schröder, Sven; Beckmann, Kathrin; Franconi, Giovanna; Meyer-Hamme, Gesa; Friedemann, Thomas; Greten, Henry Johannes; Rostock, Matthias; Efferth, Thomas

    2013-01-01

    ..., Chamomilla matricaria, Ginkgo biloba, Salvia officinalis, Sweet bee venom, Fritillaria cirrhosae bulbus, and the herbal combinations Bu Yang Huan Wu, modified Bu Yang Huan Wu plus Liuwei Di Huang...

  20. Visualisation of the zona incerta for deep brain stimulation at 3.0 Tesla.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kerl, H U; Gerigk, L; Huck, S; Al-Zghloul, M; Groden, C; Nölte, I S

    2012-03-01

    Deep-brain stimulation (DBS) of the zona incerta (ZI) has shown promising results for medication-refractory neurological disorders including Parkinson's disease (PD) and essential tremor (ET). The success of the intervention is indispensably dependent on the reliable visualisation of the ZI. The aim of the study was to evaluate different promising new magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) methods at 3.0 Tesla for pre-stereotactic visualisation of the ZI using a standard installation the protocol. MRI of nine healthy volunteers was acquired (T1-MPRAGE, T2-FLAIR, T2*-FLASH2D, T2-SPACE and susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI). Image quality and visualisation of the ZI for each sequence were analysed independently by two neuroradiologists using a 6-point scale. For T2*-FLASH2D the axial, coronal and sagittal planes were compared. The delineation of the ZI versus the internal capsule, the subthalamic nucleus and the pallidofugal fibres was evaluated in all sequences and compared to T2-FLAIR using a paired t-test. Inter-rater reliability, contrast-to-noise ratios (CNR), and signal-to-noise ratios (SNR) for the ZI were computed. For illustration, coronal T2*-FLASH2D images were co-registered with the corresponding section schema of the Schaltenbrand-Wahren stereotactic atlas. Only the rostral part of the ZI (rZI) could be identified. The rZI was best and reliably visualised in T2*-FLASH2D (particularly coronal orientation; p FLASH imaging offered significant higher CNR values for the rZI compared to T2-FLAIR imaging using standard parameters. The co-registration of the coronal T2*-FLASH2D images projected the ZI clearly into the boundaries of the anatomical sections. The delineation of the rZI is best possible in T2*-FLASH2D (particularly coronal view) using a standard installation protocol at 3.0 T. The caudal ZI could not be discerned in any of the sequences.

  1. Committees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-01

    -RESIGA Politehnica University of Timisoara Romania Kazuhiro TANAKA Kyushu Institute of Technology Japan Yoshinobu TSUJIMOTO Osaka University Japan Local Organizing Committee Chairman Yulin WU Tsinghua University Beijing Executive Chairman Zhengwei WANG Tsinghua University Beijing Members Shuliang CAO Tsinghua University Beijing Cichang CHEN South West University of Petroleum Chengdu Hongxun CHEN Shanghai University Shanghai Jiang DAI China Sanxia General Co Yichang Huashu DOU National University of Singapore Singapore Fengqin HAN Huanan University of Sci & Tech Guangzhou Kun LI Hefei Inst of General Machinery Hefei Rennian LI Lanzhou University of Sci & Tech Lanzhou Wanhong LI National Natural Science Foundation of China Beijing Chao LIU Yangzhou University Yangzhou Li LU China Inst of Water Resources and Hydropower Research Beijing Xingqi LUO Xi'an University of Tech Xi'an Zhenyue MA Dalian University of Sci & Tech Dalian Jiegang MU Zhejiang University of Tech Hangzhou Daqing QIN Harbin Electric Machinery Group Harbin Fujun WANG China Agriculture University Beijing Guoyu WANG Beijing Institute of Technology (BIT) Beijing Leqin WANG Zhejiang University Hangzhou Yuzhen WU NERCSPV Beijing Hongyuan XU Tsinghua University Beijing Jiandong YANG Wuhan University Wuhan Minguan YANG Jiangsu University Zhenjiang Shouqi YUAN Jiangsu University Zhenjiang Lefu ZHANG Harbin Electric Machinery Group Harbin Lixiang ZHANG Yunnan University of Sci & Tech Kunming Shengchang ZHANG Zhejiang University of Tech Hangzhou Kun ZHAO China Water & Electric Consulting Corp Beijing Yuan ZHENG Hehai University Nanjing Jianzhong ZHOU Huazhong University of Sci & Tech Wuhan Lingjiu ZHOU China Agriculture University Beijing Hongwu ZHU China Petroleum University Beijing Zuchao ZHU Zhejiang Sci-Tech University Hangzhou Secretaries Shuhong LIU (Academic), liushuhong@tsinghua.edu.cn Xianwu LUO (Registration), luoxw@tsinghua.edu.cn Baoshan ZHU (Finance), bszhu@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn

  2. Biisofraxidin on Apoptosis of Human Gastric Cancer BGC-823 Cells

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Power DG, Kelsen DP, Shah MA. Advanced gastric cancer show but steady progress. Cancer Treat Rev. 2010; 36: 384-392. 12. Yang L. Incidence and mortality of gastric cancer in. China. World J Gastroenterol 2006; 12: 17-20. 13. Leung WK, Wu MS, Kakugawa Y, Kim JJ, Yeoh KG, Goh. KL, Wu KC, Wu DC, Sollano J, ...

  3. Effectiveness of neuromuscular electrical stimulation for the rehabilitation of moderate-to-severe COPD: a meta-analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chen R

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Rong-chang Chen,1,* Xiao-ying Li,1,* Li-li Guan,1 Bing-peng Guo,1 Wei-liang Wu,1 Zi-qing Zhou,1 Ya-ting Huo,1 Xin Chen,2 Lu-qian Zhou1 1State Key Laboratory of Respiratory Disease, Guangzhou Institute of Respiratory Disease, First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, 2Zhujiang Hospital of Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, People’s Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Purpose: Patients with COPD often experience skeletal muscle dysfunction. For those who are unable or unwilling to undertake physical training, neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES may provide an alternative method of rehabilitation. The purpose of this meta-analysis was to investigate the controversial topic of whether this therapy is effective in patients with moderate-to-severe COPD. Patients and methods: We pooled data from nine trials published between January 9, 2002 and January 4, 2016 across PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Google Scholar, and relevant websites for randomized controlled trials. In these trials, patients with moderate-to-severe COPD were randomly allocated to receive NMES. Primary outcomes were quadricep strength and exercise capacity. The secondary outcome was health-related quality of life. Results: We extracted data from 276 patients. NMES contributed to statistically improved quadricep strength (standardized mean difference 1.12, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.64–1.59, I2=54%; P>0.00001 and exercise capacity, including longer exercise distance (weighted mean difference 51.53, 95% CI 20.13–82.93, I2=90%; P=0.001, and longer exercise endurance (standardized mean difference 1.11, 95% CI 0.14–2.08, I2=85%; P=0.02. There was no significant difference in St George’s Respiratory Questionnaire scores (weighted mean difference -0.07, 95% CI -2.44 to 2.30, I2=56%; P=0.95. Conclusion: NMES appears an effectual means of enhancing quadricep strength and exercise

  4. Association between Chloroplast and Mitochondrial DNA sequences in Chinese Prunus genotypes (Prunus persica, Prunus domestica, and Prunus avium).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pervaiz, Tariq; Sun, Xin; Zhang, Yanyi; Tao, Ran; Zhang, Junhuan; Fang, Jinggui

    2015-01-16

    The nuclear DNA is conventionally used to assess the diversity and relatedness among different species, but variations at the DNA genome level has also been used to study the relationship among different organisms. In most species, mitochondrial and chloroplast genomes are inherited maternally; therefore it is anticipated that organelle DNA remains completely associated. Many research studies were conducted simultaneously on organelle genome. The objectives of this study was to analyze the genetic relationship between chloroplast and mitochondrial DNA in three Chinese Prunus genotypes viz., Prunus persica, Prunus domestica, and Prunus avium. We investigated the genetic diversity of Prunus genotypes using simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers relevant to the chloroplast and mitochondria. Most of the genotypes were genetically similar as revealed by phylogenetic analysis. The Y2 Wu Xing (Cherry) and L2 Hong Xin Li (Plum) genotypes have a high similarity index (0.89), followed by Zi Ye Li (0.85), whereas; L1 Tai Yang Li (plum) has the lowest genetic similarity (0.35). In case of cpSSR, Hong Tao (Peach) and L1 Tai Yang Li (Plum) genotypes demonstrated similarity index of 0.85 and Huang Tao has the lowest similarity index of 0.50. The mtSSR nucleotide sequence analysis revealed that each genotype has similar amplicon length (509 bp) except M5Y1 i.e., 505 bp with CCB256 primer; while in case of NAD6 primer, all genotypes showed different sizes. The MEHO (Peach), MEY1 (Cherry), MEL2 (Plum) and MEL1 (Plum) have 586 bps; while MEY2 (Cherry), MEZI (Plum) and MEHU (Peach) have 585, 584 and 566 bp, respectively. The CCB256 primer showed highly conserved sequences and minute single polymorphic nucleotides with no deletion or mutation. The cpSSR (ARCP511) microsatellites showed the harmonious amplicon length. The CZI (Plum), CHO (Peach) and CL1 (Plum) showed 182 bp; whileCHU (Peach), CY2 (Cherry), CL2 (Plum) and CY1 (Cherry) showed 181 bp amplicon lengths. These results

  5. Coprescription of Chinese herbal medicine and Western medication among female patients with breast cancer in Taiwan: analysis of national insurance claims

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wang BR

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Bih-Ru Wang,1,2,* Yuh-Lih Chang,1,2,* Tzeng-Ji Chen,3,4 Jen-Hwey Chiu,5,6 Jing Chong Wu,7 Min-Shan Wu,1 Chia-Lin Chou,1 Yueh-Ching Chou1,2,81Department of Pharmacy, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; 2Department and Institute of Pharmacology, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan; 3Department of Family Medicine, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; 4Institute of Hospital and Health Care Administration, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan; 5Division of General Surgery, Department of Surgery, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; 6Institute of Traditional Medicine, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan; 7Traditional Medicine Center, Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; 8College of Pharmacy, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan*These authors contributed equally to this workBackground: Many female breast cancer (FBC patients take Chinese herbal medicine (CHM and Western medication (WM concurrently in Taiwan. Despite the possibility of interactions between the CHM and WM mentioned in previous studies, the pattern of these coprescriptions in FBC patients remains unclear. Hence, the aim of the present study is to investigate the utilization of coprescriptions of CHM and WM among the FBC patients in Taiwan.Methods: The study was a cross-sectional survey using the sampled cohort in 2009 obtained from the National Health Insurance Research Database in Taiwan. There were 3,507 FBC patients identified from the registry for catastrophic illness patients. Ambulatory visit records, corresponding prescriptions, and the data of beneficiaries belonging to the FBC patients were further extracted. A total of 1,086 FBC patients used CHM at least once. CHM and WM prescribed within any overlapping duration were defined as coprescriptions.Results: There were 868 (80.0% patients simultaneously receiving CHM and WM. A total of 4,927 CHM prescriptions and 6,358 WM

  6. An optimal version of an inequality involving the third symmetric ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ... Yuan Jun2 Yuan Shufeng3. Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, Chengdu University, 610106 Chengdu, China; School of Mathematics and Computer Science, Nanjing Normal University, 210097 Nanjing, China; Department of Mathematics, Shaoxing University Shangyu College, 312300 Zhejiang, China ...

  7. [Health economics analysis of specific immunotherapy in allergic rhinitis accompanied with asthma].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Jianjun; Xiang, Jisheng; Wang, Yanjun; Shi, Qiumei; Tan, Huifang; Kong, Weijia

    2013-09-01

    To investigate the cost-effectiveness of standardized specific immunotherapy (SIT) for allergic rhinitis patients accompanied with asthma (ARAS) in China. Forty ARAS patients sensitized with house dust mite (HDM) were administered with SIT (SIT group) or merely medicine treatment (control group). Alutard dermatophagoides pteronyssinus vaccine from ALK company was used for immunotherapy. The usage of symptom control medicine was according to the ARIA and GINA guideline. Cost-effectiveness ratio (CER) and Incremental cost-effectiveness ratio(ICER) analysis was conducted. The effectiveness was measured in terms of symptom scores, quality of life, objective improvement of rhinitis and asthma. Sensitive analysis was conducted to verify the stability of the results. The cost of SIT group for 1 year (6578 yuan) was higher than that of control group (1733.3 yuan), while the cost-effectiveness ratio and incremental cost-effectiveness ratio of SIT group were significant better than that of control group in all items. CER was 1686.7 yuan in SIT group compared with 3466.6 yuan in control group for nasal symptom scores, 4698.6 yuan in SIT group compared with 5777.8 yuan in control group for asthma symptom scores, 3462.1 yuan in SIT group compared with 8666.7 yuan in control group. The sensitive analysis of the price 10 percent higher or lower showed the same results. The cost-effectiveness of specific immunotherapy (SIT) for mite sensitized ARAS patients was better than that of merely medicine treatment.

  8. African Journal of Biotechnology - Vol 10, No 28 (2011)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Preliminary study on the inducement effect of colchicine during microsporogenesis of Ginkgo biloba L. EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. Y Sun, Y Li, Y Li, N Yang, N Yang, P Sun, P Sun, C Yuan, C Yuan, 5476-5788 ...

  9. 「覆盆子」の生薬学的研究(第1報): 韓国産「覆盆子」の基源(I)

    OpenAIRE

    難波, 恒雄; 小松, かつ子; 小野, 淳子; 鳴橋, 直弘; 御影, 雅幸

    1986-01-01

    "Fu-pen-zi" (覆盆子) is the fruit drug, used in Chinese traditional medicine as the remedies for impotence, pollution and premature ejaculation, bet-wetting, frequency of urination, etc. "Fu-pen-zi" from China Continent is considered to be derived from immature fruits of Rubus chingii Hu in general, while in local from other Rubus fruits. On the other hand, the botanical origin of "Fu-pen-zi" produced in Korea is regarded as R. coreanus MIQ., R. crataegifolius BUNGE, R. parvifolius L., etc. Rubu...

  10. 「覆盆子」の生薬学的研究(第1報) : 韓国産「覆盆子」の基源(I)

    OpenAIRE

    難波, 恒雄; 小松, かつ子; 小野, 淳子; 鳴橋, 直弘; 御影, 雅幸; TSUNEO, NAMBA; KATSUKO, KOMATSU; Junko, ONO; NAOHIRO, NARUHASHI; MASAYUKI, MIKAGE; 富山大学理学部; 富山医科薬科大学和漢薬研究所; Faculty of Science, Toyama University; Research Institute for Wakan-Yaku, Toyama Medical and Pharmaceutical University

    1986-01-01

    "Fu-pen-zi" (覆盆子) is the fruit drug, used in Chinese traditional medicine as the remedies for impotence, pollution and premature ejaculation, bet-wetting, frequency of urination, etc. "Fu-pen-zi" from China Continent is considered to be derived from immature fruits of Rubus chingii Hu in general, while in local from other Rubus fruits. On the other hand, the botanical origin of "Fu-pen-zi" produced in Korea is regarded as R. coreanus MIQ., R. crataegifolius BUNGE, R. parvifolius L., etc. Rubu...

  11. Less is more: standard warm-up causes fatigue and less warm-up permits greater cycling power output.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomaras, Elias K; MacIntosh, Brian R

    2011-07-01

    The traditional warm-up (WU) used by athletes to prepare for a sprint track cycling event involves a general WU followed by a series of brief sprints lasting ≥ 50 min in total. A WU of this duration and intensity could cause significant fatigue and impair subsequent performance. The purpose of this research was to compare a traditional WU with an experimental WU and examine the consequences of traditional and experimental WU on the 30-s Wingate test and electrically elicited twitch contractions. The traditional WU began with 20 min of cycling with a gradual intensity increase from 60% to 95% of maximal heart rate; then four sprints were performed at 8-min intervals. The experimental WU was shorter with less high-intensity exercise: intensity increased from 60% to 70% of maximal heart rate over 15 min; then just one sprint was performed. The Wingate test was conducted with a 1-min lead-in at 80% of optimal cadence followed by a Wingate test at optimal cadence. Peak active twitch torque was significantly lower after the traditional than experimental WU (86.5 ± 3.3% vs. 94.6 ± 2.4%, P track cyclist's WU results in significant fatigue, which corresponds with impaired peak power output. A shorter and lower-intensity WU permits a better performance.

  12. MicroRNA expression profiles in chronic epilepsy rats and neuroprotection from seizures by targeting miR-344a

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    Liu XX

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Xixia Liu,1,2 Yuhan Liao,1 Xiuxiu Wang,1 Donghua Zou,1 Chun Luo,1 Chongdong Jian,1 Yuan Wu1 1Department of Neurology, First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, 2Department of Rehabilitation, People’s Hospital of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Nanning, China Abstract: MicroRNA (miRNA is believed to play a crucial role in the cause and treatment of epilepsy by controlling gene expression. However, it is still unclear how miRNA profiles change after multiple prolonged seizures and aggravation of brain injury in chronic epilepsy (CE. To investigate the role of miRNA in epilepsy, we utilized the CE rat models with pentylenetetrazol (PTZ and miRNA profiles in the hippocampus. miRNA profiles were characterized using miRNA microarray analysis and were compared with the rats in the sham group, which received 0.9% physiological saline treatment at the same dose. Four up-regulated miRNAs (miR-139–3p, -770–5p, -127–5p, -331–3p and 5 down-regulated miRNAs (miR-802–5p, -380–5p, -183–5p, -547–5p, -344a/-344a–5p were found in the CE rats (fold change >1.5, P<0.05. Three of the dysregulated miRNAs were validated by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, which revealed an outcome consistent with the initial results of the miRNA microarray analyses. Then, miR-344a agomir was intracerebroventricularly injected and followed by PTZ induction of CE models to investigate the effect of miR-344a in chronic neocortical epileptogenesis. After miRNA-344a agomir and scramble treatment, results showed a restoration of seizure behavior and a reduction in neuron damage in the cortex in miRNA-334a agomir treated rats. These data suggest that miRNA-344a might have a small modulatory effect on seizure-induced apoptosis signaling pathways in the cortex. Keywords: microRNA, chronic epilepsy, miR-344a, epigenetics, apoptosis

  13. Treatment with a Ginkgo biloba extract, EGb 761, inhibits excitotoxicity in an animal model of spinocerebellar ataxia type 17

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    Huang DS

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Ding-Siang Huang,1,* Hsuan-Yuan Lin,1,2,* Guey-Jen Lee-Chen,1 Hsiu-Mei Hsieh-Li,1 Chung-Hsin Wu,1 Jung-Yaw Lin1,21Department of Life Science, National Taiwan Normal University, 2Institute of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, National Taiwan University, Taipei City, Taiwan, Republic of China*These authors contributed equally to this workAbstract: Spinocerebellar ataxia type 17 (SCA 17 is a polyglutamine disease caused by the expansion of CAG/CAA repeats in the TATA box-binding protein (TBP gene. The Ginkgo biloba extract, EGb 761, contains flavonoids and terpenoids with a potential use for the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s diseases. The neuroprotective effects of EGb 761 are obvious, but whether the EGb 761 has therapeutic effects in SCA 17 is still unclear. To manage our issues, we have generated TBP/79Q-expressing SH-SY5Y cells and SCA 17 transgenic mice with the mutant hTBP gene. In in vitro experiment, we observed that the EGb 761 treatment decreased the amount of sodium dodecyl sulfate-insoluble proteins in the TBP/79Q-expressing SH-SY5Y cells. We further found that the EGb 761 treatment could inhibit excitotoxicity and calcium influx and reduce the expression of apoptotic markers in glutamate-treated SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells. In in vivo experiment, we observed that the EGb 761 treatment (100 mg/kg intraperitoneal injection per day could relieve the motor deficiencies of the SCA 17 transgenic mice. Our findings provide evidence that the EGb 761 treatment can be a remedy for SCA 17 via suppressing excitotoxicity and apoptosis in SCA 17 cell and animal models. Therefore, we suggest that EGb 761 may be a potential therapeutic agent for treating SCA 17.Keywords: spinocerebellar ataxia type 17, excitotoxicity, EGb 761, polyQ diseases, apoptosis 

  14. The aqueous extract of Glycyrrhiza inflata can upregulate unfolded protein response-mediated chaperones to reduce tau misfolding in cell models of Alzheimer’s disease

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    Chang KH

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Kuo-Hsuan Chang,1,* I-Cheng Chen,1,* Hsuan-Yuan Lin,2 Hsuan-Chiang Chen,2 Chih-Hsin Lin,1 Te-Hsien Lin,2 Yu-Ting Weng,1 Chih-Ying Chao,1 Yih-Ru Wu,1 Jung-Yaw Lin,2 Guey-Jen Lee-Chen,2 Chiung-Mei Chen1 1Department of Neurology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chang Gung University College of Medicine, 2Department of Life Science, National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Background: Alzheimer’s disease (AD and several neurodegenerative disorders known as tauopathies are characterized by misfolding and aggregation of tau protein. Although several studies have suggested the potential of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM as treatment for neurodegenerative diseases, the role of TCM in treating AD and tauopathies have not been well explored.Materials and methods: Tau protein was coupled to the DsRed fluorophore by fusing a pro-aggregation mutant of repeat domain of tau (ΔK280 tauRD with DsRed. The ΔK280 tauRD-DsRed fusion gene was then used to generate Tet-On 293 and SH-SY5Y cell clones as platforms to test the efficacy of 39 aqueous extracts of TCM in reducing tau misfolding and in neuroprotection.Results: Seven TCM extracts demonstrated a significant reduction in tau misfolding and reactive oxidative species with low cytotoxicity in the ΔK280 tauRD-DsRed 293 cell model. Glycyrrhiza inflata and Panax ginseng also demonstrated the potential to improve neurite outgrowth in the ΔK280 tauRD-DsRed SH-SY5Y neuronal cell model. G. inflata further rescued the upregulation of ERN2 (pro-apoptotic and downregulation of unfolded-protein-response-mediated chaperones ERP44, DNAJC3, and SERP1 in ΔK280 tauRD-DsRed 293 cells.Conclusion: This in vitro study provides evidence that G. inflata may be a novel therapeutic for AD and tauopathies. Future applications of G. inflata on animal models of AD and tauopathies are warranted to corroborate its effect of reducing misfolding and potential

  15. Peer review statement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-01

    All papers published in this volume of Journal of Physics: Conference Series have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the editors of the 26th IAHR Symposium on Hydraulic Machinery and Systems proceedings. Reviews were conducted by expert referees from the International Technical Committee to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing. The members of the Scientific Committee who selected and reviewed the papers included in the Proceedings of the 26th IAHR Symposium on Hydraulic Machinery and Systems are: Yulin WU Tsinghua University China François AVELLAN EPFL-LMH Switzerland (principal) Xingqi LUO Xi'an University of Sci & Tech China Martin BÖHLE Kaiserslautern University Germany Gerard BOIS Arts et Métiers ParisTech France Luca D'AGOSTINO University of Pisa Italy Eduard EGUSQUIZA Polytechnical University Catalonia Spain Richard FISHER Voith Hydro Inc USA Regiane FORTES-PATELLA Institute Polytechnique de Grenoble France Aleksandar GAJIC University of Belgrade Serbia Wei YANG China Agriculture University China YinLu YOUNG University of Michigan USA Adrian LUNGU Dunarea de Jos University of Galati Romania Arpad FAY University of Miskolcz Hungary José GONZÁLEZ Universidad de Oviedo Spain Baoshan ZHU Tsinghua University China Hongxun CHEN Shanghai University China Chisachi KATO University of Tokyo Japan Zhenyue MA Dalian University of Sci & Tech China Honggang FAN Tsinghua University China François GUIBAULT Ecole Polytechnique de Montreal Canada Pengcheng GUO Xian University of Technology China Leqing WANG Zhejiang University China Toshiaki IKOHAGI Tohoku University Japan Jiandong YANG Wuhan University China Jianzhong ZHOU Huazhong University of Sci & Tech China Jinwei LI NULL China Rennian LI Lanzhou University of Sci & Tech China Houlin LIU NULL China Juan LIU Tsinghua University China Shuhong LIU Tsinghua University China Xianwu LUO Tsinghua University China Michihiro NISHI Tsinghua

  16. The value of radiotherapy in breast cancer patients with isolated ipsilateral supraclavicular lymph node metastasis without distant metastases at diagnosis: a retrospective analysis of Chinese patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wu SG

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available San-Gang Wu,1,* Jia-Yuan Sun,2,* Juan Zhou,3,* Feng-Yan Li,2 Qin Lin,1 Huan-Xin Lin,2 Zhen-Yu He2 1Xiamen Cancer Center, Department of Radiation Oncology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, Xiamen, People's Republic of China; 2Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China, Department of Radiation Oncology, Collaborative Innovation Center of Cancer Medicine, Guangzhou, People’s Republic of China; 3Xiamen Cancer Center, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, Xiamen, People's Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Background: The purpose of this study was to investigate the prognosis of ipsilateral supraclavicular lymph node metastasis (ISLM without evidence of distant metastases at diagnosis in Chinese women with breast cancer and to elucidate the clinical value of adjuvant radiotherapy. Methods: We performed a retrospective analysis of clinical data for 39 patients with ISLM from breast cancer without distant metastasis at diagnosis. Combined modality therapy, consisting of neoadjuvant chemotherapy, surgery, and adjuvant chemotherapy with or without adjuvant radiotherapy, was offered to the patients. Results: The patients in this study accounted for 1% of all breast cancer patients treated during the same time period. The median follow-up was 35 months. The 5-year locoregional recurrence-free survival, distant metastasis-free survival, disease-free survival (DFS, and overall survival (OS were 57.3%, 42.3%, 34.4%, and 46.2%, respectively. Twenty-three patients received postoperative adjuvant radiotherapy. However, there was no significant difference in the 3- and 5-year locoregional recurrence-free survival (P=0.693, ISLM-free recurrence (P=0.964, distant metastasis-free survival (P=0.964, DFS (P=0.234, and OS (P=0.329 rates between the groups of patients who received or did not receive adjuvant radiotherapy

  17. Developing selective histone deacetylases (HDACs inhibitors through ebselen and analogs

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    Wang Y

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Yuren Wang,1 Jason Wallach,2 Stephanie Duane,1 Yuan Wang,1 Jianghong Wu,1 Jeffrey Wang,1 Adeboye Adejare,2 Haiching Ma1 1Reaction Biology Corp., Malvern, 2Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Philadelphia College of Pharmacy, University of the Sciences, Philadelphia, PA, USA Abstract: Histone deacetylases (HDACs are key regulators of gene expression in cells and have been investigated as important therapeutic targets for cancer and other diseases. Different subtypes of HDACs appear to play disparate roles in the cells and are associated with specific diseases. Therefore, substantial effort has been made to develop subtype-selective HDAC inhibitors. In an effort to discover existing scaffolds with HDAC inhibitory activity, we screened a drug library approved by the US Food and Drug Administration and a National Institutes of Health Clinical Collection compound library in HDAC enzymatic assays. Ebselen, a clinical safe compound, was identified as a weak inhibitor of several HDACs, including HDAC1, HDAC3, HDAC4, HDAC5, HDAC6, HDAC7, HDAC8, and HDAC9 with half maximal inhibitory concentrations approximately single digit of µM. Two ebselen analogs, ebselen oxide and ebsulfur (a diselenide analog of ebselen, also inhibited these HDACs, however with improved potencies on HDAC8. Benzisothiazol, the core structure of ebsulfur, specifically inhibited HDAC6 at a single digit of µM but had no inhibition on other HDACs. Further efforts on structure–activity relationship based on the core structure of ebsulfur led to the discovery of a novel class of potent and selective HDAC6 inhibitors with RBC-2008 as the lead compound with single-digit nM potency. This class of histone deacetylase inhibitor features a novel pharmacophore with an ebsulfur scaffold selectively targeting HDAC6. Consistent with its inhibition on HDAC6, RBC-2008 significantly increased the acetylation levels of α-tubulin in PC-3 cells. Furthermore, treatment with these compounds led to

  18. Clinical features of brain metastases in breast cancer: an implication for hippocampal-sparing whole-brain radiation therapy

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    Wu S

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available San-Gang Wu,1,* Jia-Yuan Sun,2,* Qin Tong,3 Feng-Yan Li,2 Zhen-Yu He2 1Department of Radiation Oncology, Xiamen Cancer Hospital, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, Xiamen, 2Department of Radiation Oncology, Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China, Collaborative Innovation Center of Cancer Medicine, Guangzhou, 3Department of Radiation Oncology, The First Affiliated Hospital of University of South China, Hengyang, People’s Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Objective: The objectives of this study were to describe the distribution of brain metastases (BM in breast cancer patients and investigate the risk factors for perihippocampal metastases (PHM. Patients and methods: Retrospective analysis of the clinicopathological characteristics and patterns of BM was performed. Associations between clinicopathological characteristics and PHM (the hippocampus plus 5 mm margin were evaluated using logistic regression analyses. Results: A total of 1,356 brain metastatic lesions were identified in 192 patients. Patients with 1–3 BM, 4–9 BM, and ≥10 BM accounted for 63.0%, 18.8%, and 18.2%, respectively. There were only 7 (3.6% patients with hippocampal metastases (HM and 14 (7.3% patients with PHM. On logistic regression, the number of BM was an independent risk factor for PHM. Patients with ≥10 BM had a significantly higher risk of PHM compared with those with <10 BM. Breast cancer subtype (BCS was not associated with PHM. The number of BM was significantly correlated with various BCSs. Patients with hormone receptor (HR+/human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2+, HR-/HER2+, and HR-/HER2- subtypes had a higher probability of ≥10 BM, relative to patients with an HR+/HER2- subtype. Conclusion: Our study suggests that a low incidence of PHM may be acceptable to perform hippocampal-sparing whole-brain radiation therapy for breast cancer patients

  19. A Study on the Establishment of Pochonka and Chonmun yucho in the Early Choson Dynasty

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahn, Sang-Hyeon

    2009-12-01

    We investigated the formation of Pochonka (Song of the Sky Pacers) and Chonmun yucho (Selected and classified writings on astrology) of the early Choson dynasty. We recognized that the songs in these books were deeply influenced by those in a Chinese book Tong-zhi published in 1161 A.D., based on the following facts; the contents of both treatises are described in the same order; the first phrase of the song for Thai-wei-yuan has composed of five words rather than seven words; in particular, Choson's Pochonka has the song that describes the position of the Milky Way relative to asterisms, which was supplemented by the author Zheng Qiao. Since Tong-zhi were brought into Koryo in 1364 A.D., Choson's Pochonka must be formed after that time. In particular, compared with Chinese Pu-tien-ko, Choson's Pochonka stresses the colors of asterisms in order to represent the origin of each asterism with respect to the astronomers, Shih-shen, Kan-te, and Wu-Hsien. We also find that the star-charts in Pochonka and Chonsang-yolcha-punyajido (Chart of the asterisms and the regions they govern) published in the early Choson dynasty are significantly similar in names, number of stars, and shapes of asterisms in them. This fact means that the star-charts in Pochonka originated from either the parent chart of Chonsang-yolcha-punyajido or Chonsang-yolcha-punyajido itself. The parent rubbing was reappeared in 1392 A.D. and carved on stele in 1396 A.D., and so the publication of Pochonka can be dated back to A.D. 1392. Chonmun yucho is a book that was formed by footnoting Pochonka with astrological descriptions in Chinese treatises. The formation period of Chonmun yucho is estimated to be 1440-1450 A.D. from the facts such as the biographical survey of the author Yi Sunji. Furthermore, Pochonka was adopted as a textbook of the government service examination for the astronomy division in Soungwan or the Royal Bureau of Astronomy in 1430 A.D.. We inferred from these facts that Choson

  20. Ginkgo biloba extract mitigates liver fibrosis and apoptosis by regulating p38 MAPK, NF-κB/IκBα, and Bcl-2/Bax signaling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wang YY

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Yuanyuan Wang, Rong Wang, Yujie Wang, Ruqin Peng, Yan Wu, Yongfang Yuan Department of Pharmacy, Shanghai 9th People’s Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China Background: Liver fibrosis is the consequence of diverse liver injuries and can eventually develop into liver cirrhosis. Ginkgo biloba extract (GBE is an extract from dried ginkgo leaves that has many pharmacological effects because of its various ingredients and has been shown to be hepatoprotective. Purpose and methods: Aimed to investigate the underlying protective mechanisms of GBE on carbon tetrachloride (CCl4-induced liver fibrosis in rats. Male Sprague Dawley rats were randomly divided into four groups: control group (C, model group (M, low-dose group (L, and high-dose group (H. Liver fibrosis was induced by CCl4 groups M, L, and H: group C was administered saline. In addition, GBE at different doses was used to treat groups L and H. Results: The results of hematoxylin and eosin staining, Masson’s trichrome staining, a liver function index, and a liver fibrosis index showed that GBE application noticeably mitigated fibrosis and improved the function of the liver. The western blotting and immunohistochemistry analyses indicated that GBE reduced liver fibrosis not only by inhibiting p38 MAPK and NF-κBp65 via inhibition of IκBα degradation but also by inhibiting hepatocyte apoptosis via downregulation of Bax, upregulation of Bcl-2, and subsequent inhibition of caspase-3 activation. Inflammation-associated factors and hepatic stellate cell (HSC-activation markers further demonstrated that GBE could effectively inhibit HSC activation and inflammation as a result of its regulation of p38 MAPK and nuclear factor-kappa B/IκBα signaling. Conclusion: Our findings indicated a novel role for GBE in the treatment of liver fibrosis. The potential mechanisms may be associated with the following signaling pathways: 1 the p38 MAPK

  1. Downregulation of human Wnt3 in gastric cancer suppresses cell proliferation and induces apoptosis

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    Wang HS

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Hai-Sheng Wang,1,* Xiaobo Nie,2,* Rui-Bing Wu,1 Hong-Wei Yuan,1 Yue-Hong Ma,1 Xiu-Lan Liu,1 Jian-Yu Zhang,1 Xiu-Ling Deng,1 Qin Na,1 Hai-Yan Jin,1 Yan-Chao Bian,1 Yu-Min Gao,3 Yan-Dong Wang,4 Wei-Dong Chen,1,2 1Key Laboratory of Molecular Pathology, School of Basic Medical Science, Inner Mongolia Medical University, Hohhot, 2Key Laboratory of Receptors-Mediated Gene Regulation and Drug Discovery, School of Medicine, Henan University, Kaifeng, 3Epidemiology Section, Public Health School, Inner Mongolia Medical University, Hohhot, 4State Key Laboratory of Chemical Resource Engineering, College of Life Science and Technology, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing, People’s Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Abstract: Aberrant activation of Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathways is closely involved in the occurrence and progression of several types of human malignancies. However, as a fundamental component in this cascade, Wnt3 has not been well understood for the expression level and pathogenic mechanism in gastric carcinogenesis. Here, this research was undertaken to elucidate the important role of Wnt3 in gastric cancer. Wnt3 expression in gastric carcinomas and their respective normal tissues was examined by immunoblotting and immunohistochemistry. In all cases, Wnt3 expression was significantly elevated in gastric carcinomas compared with normal tissues. Knocking down Wnt3 in MGC-803 gastric cancer cells by small interfering RNAs transfection led to an obvious decrease in both transcript and protein levels. Silence of Wnt3 expression in gastric cancer cells inhibited the expression of β-catenin and cyclin D1 genes in Wnt/β-catenin pathway, significantly blocked cellular proliferation, delayed cell cycle, suppressed cell invasion and metastasis, accompanied by a higher apoptosis rate. Together, we conclude that upregulation of Wnt3 plays a crucial role in gastric tumorigenesis by inducing proliferation

  2. Stereotactic body radiation therapy for patients with recurrent pancreatic adenocarcinoma at the abdominal lymph nodes or postoperative stump including pancreatic stump and other stump

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    Zeng XL

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Xian-Liang Zeng,* Huan-Huan Wang,* Mao-Bin Meng, Zhi-Qiang Wu, Yong-Chun Song, Hong-Qing Zhuang, Dong Qian, Feng-Tong Li, Lu-Jun Zhao, Zhi-Yong Yuan, Ping Wang Department of Radiation Oncology, Tianjin’s Clinical Research Center for Cancer and Key Laboratory of Cancer Prevention and Therapy, Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital, National Clinical Research Center for Cancer, Tianjin, People’s Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Background and aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT using CyberKnife in the treatment of patients with recurrent pancreatic adenocarcinoma at the abdominal lymph node or stump after surgery. Patients and methods: Between October 1, 2006 and May 1, 2015, patients with recurrent pancreatic adenocarcinoma at the abdominal lymph node or stump after surgery were enrolled and treated with SBRT at our hospital. The primary end point was local control rate after SBRT. Secondary end points were overall survival, time to symptom alleviation, and toxicity, assessed using the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.0. Results: Twenty-four patients with 24 lesions (17 abdominal lymph nodes and seven stumps were treated with SBRT, of which five patients presented with abdominal lymph nodes and synchronous metastases in the liver and lung. The 6-, 12-, and 24-month actuarial local control rates were 95.2%, 83.8%, and 62.1%, respectively. For the entire cohort, the median overall survival from diagnosis and SBRT was 28.9 and 12.2 months, respectively. Symptom alleviation was observed in eleven of 14 patients (78.6% within a median of 8 days (range, 1–14 days after SBRT. Nine patients (37.5% experienced Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.0 grade 1–2 acute toxicities; one patient experienced grade 3 acute toxicity due to thrombocytopenia. Conclusion: SBRT is a safe and

  3. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy combined with limb salvage surgery in patients with limb osteosarcoma of Enneking stage II: a retrospective study

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    Yuan G

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Guangke Yuan,1,2 Jingming Chen,2 Dongjin Wu,1 Chunzheng Gao1 1Department of Orthopedics, The Second Hospital of Shandong University, Jinan, 2Department of Orthopedics, Yidu Central Hospital of Weifang, Weifang, Shandong, People’s Republic of China Objective: To explore the effect of neoadjuvant chemotherapy combined with limb salvage surgery in patients with limb osteosarcoma of Enneking stage II. Patients and methods: Medical records of 98 patients who met the inclusion criteria were retrospectively analyzed. Of these patients, 56 cases who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy combined with limb salvage surgery were listed as group A, while another 42 patients who received limb salvage surgery combined with adjuvant chemotherapy were listed as group B. The recurrence and metastasis rate, survival rate, limb function and incidence of adverse reactions were compared between the two groups. Results: All 98 patients completed the treatment in this study. Baseline characteristics showed no significant differences between group A and group B, including age, gender, tumor location, maximum tumor diameter and Enneking stage (all P>0.05. The total metastasis and recurrence rate of group A was significantly lower than that of group B (25.0% vs 47.6%, χ2=5.419, P=0.020. The Kaplan–Meier method showed that progression-free survival (PFS (log-rank χ2=4.014, P=0.045 and overall survival (OS (log-rank χ2=3.859, P=0.049 of group A were both significantly higher than those of group B. There was no significant difference in the incidence of grades III–IV adverse reactions between the two groups (all P>0.05. The excellent and good rate of limb function in group A was significantly higher than that in group B (83.9% vs 66.7%, χ2=3.982, P=0.046. Conclusion: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy combined with limb salvage surgery for patients with Enneking stage IIA or IIB limb osteosarcoma patients has better efficacy and can significantly improve limb function of

  4. A Study on the Establishment of Pochonka and Chonmun yucho in the Early Choson Dynasty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sang-Hyeon Ahn

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available We investigated the formation of Pochonka (Song of the Sky Pacers and Chonmun yucho (Selected and classified writings on astrology of the early Choson dynasty. We recognized that the songs in these books were deeply influenced by those in a Chinese book Tong-zhi published in 1161 A.D., based on the following facts; the contnts of both treatises are described in the same order; the first phrase of the song for Thai-wei-yuan has composed of five words rather than seven words; in particular, Choson`s Pochonka has the song that describes the position of the Milky Way relative to asterisms, which was supplemented by the author Zheng Qiao. Since Tong-zhi were brought into Koryo in 1364 A.D., Choson`s Pochonka must be formed after that time. In particular, compared with Chinese Pu-tien-ko, Choson`s Pochonka stresses the colors of asterisms in order to represent the origin of each asterism with respect to the astronomers, Shih-shen, Kan-te, and Wu-Hsien. We also find that the star-charts in Pochonka and Chonsang-yolcha-punyajido (Chart of the asterisms and the regions they govern published in the early Choson dynasty are significantly similar in names, number of stars, and shapes of asterisms in them. This fact means that the star-charts in Pochonka originated from either the parent chart of Chonsang-yolcha-punyajido or Chonsang-yolcha-punyajido itself. The parent rubbing was reappeared in 1392 A.D. and carved on stele in 1396 A.D., and so the publication of Pochonka can be dated back to A.D. 1392. Chonmun yucho is a book that was formed by footnoting Pochonka with astrological descriptions in Chinese treatises. The formation period of Chonmun yucho is estimated to be 1440-1450 A.D. from the facts such as the biographical survey of the author Yi Sunji. Furthermore, Pochonka was adopted as a textbook of the government service examination for the astronomy division in Soungwan or the Royal Bureau of Astronomy in 1430 A.D.. We inferred from these facts

  5. Influence of mycorhization and soil organic matters on lead and antimony transfers to vegetables cultivated in urban gardens: environmental and sanitary consequences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pierart, Antoine; Braud, Armelle; Lebeau, Thierry; Séjalon-Delmas, Nathalie; Dumat, Camille

    2014-05-01

    . References: Feng, R., Wei, C., Tu, S., Ding, Y., Wang, R., Guo, J., 2013. The uptake and detoxification of antimony by plants: a review. Environ. Exp. Bot. 96, 28-34. Foucault, Y., Lévêque, T., Xiong, T., Schreck, E., Austruy, A., Shahid, M., Dumat, C., 2013. Green manure plants for remediation of soils polluted by metals and metalloids: Ecotoxicity and human bioavailability assessment. Chemosphere 93, 1430-1435. Gu, H.H., Li, F.P., Yu, Q., Gao, Y.Q., Yuan, X.T., 2013. The Roles of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungus Glomus mosseae and Festuca arundinacea in Phytostabilization of Lead/Zinc Tailings. Adv. Mater. Res. 699, 245-250. Lebeau, T., Braud, A., Jézéquel, K., 2008. Performance of bioaugmentation-assisted phytoextraction applied to metal contaminated soils: A review. Environ. Pollut. 153, 497-522. Sharma, A., Sharma, H., 2013. Role of Vesicular Arbuscular Mycorrhiza in the Mycoremediation of Heavy Toxic Metals From Soil. Int J LifeSc Bt Pharm Res 2, 2418-2431. Wu, F., Fu, Z., Liu, B., Mo, C., Chen, B., Corns, W., Liao, H., 2011. Health risk associated with dietary co-exposure to high levels of antimony and arsenic in the world's largest antimony mine area. Sci. Total Environ. 409, 3344-3351. Xiong, T., Austruy, A., Dappe, V., Leveque, T., Sobanska, S., Foucault, Y., Dumat, C., 2013. Phytotoxicity and bioaccessibility of metals for vegetables exposed to atmosphere fine particles in polluted urban areas". Urban Environmental Pollution, Asian Edition, 17-20, Beijing, China.

  6. FOREWORD: International Symposium of Cavitation and Multiphase Flow (ISCM 2014)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Yulin

    2015-01-01

    multiphase flow detection Fluid-structure interaction induced by cavitation and multiphase flow Multi-scale modelling of cavitating flows and Multiphase Flow Cavitation nuclei: theory and experiments Supercavitation and its applications Synergetic effects of cavitation and silt-laden erosion Shock waves and microjets generated by cavitation Nonlinear oscillations of gas and vapour bubbles Fundamentals of physics of acoustic cavitation Sonochemistry and sonoluminescence Biomedical applications of cavitation effects Ultrasonic cavitation for molten metal treatment Cavitation for enhanced heat transfer The ISCM 2014 brought together 95 scientists, researchers and graduate students from 11 countries, affiliated with universities, technology centers and industrial firms to debate topics related to advanced technologies for cavitation and Multiphase Flow, which would enhance the sustainable development of cavitation and Multiphase Flow in interdisciplinary sciences and technology. The technical committee selected 54 technical papers on the following topics: (i) Hydrodynamic Cavitation, (ii) Super Cavitation, (iii) Pump Cavitation, (iv) Acoustic Cavitation, (v) Interdisciplinary Research of Cavitation and Multi-Phase Flows, and 13 invited plenary and invited forum lectures, which were presented at the symposium, to be included in the proceedings. All the papers of ISCM 2014, which are published in this Volume of IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, had been peer reviewed through processes administered by the editors of the ISCM 2014, those are Yulin WU, Shouqi YUAN, Zhengwei WANG, Shuhong LIU, Xingqi LUO, Fujun WANG and Guoyu WANG. The papers published in this Volume include 54 technical papers and 3 full length texts of the invited lectures. We sincerely hope that the International Symposium on Cavitation and Multiphase Flow is a significant step forward in the world wide efforts to address the present challenges in the modern science and technology. Professor

  7. FOREWORD: 6th International Conference on Pumps and Fans with Compressors and Wind Turbines (ICPF2013)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Yulin; Wang, Zhengwei; Yuan, Shouqi; Shi, Weidong; Liu, Shuhong; Luo, Xingqi; Wang, Fujun

    2013-12-01

    ; other fluid machinery and devices, such as, wind turbines, turbochargers and reversible pump-turbines, clearance and sealing, jets, filters and mixers; and their engineering application and their system behavior, especially, the application of the renewable energy of pumps, compressors, fans and blowers. The objective of the conference was to provide an opportunity for researchers, engineers and students to report on the latest developments in the fields of pumps, compressors, fans and turbochargers, as well as systems. The participants were encouraged to present their work in progress with a short lead time, and the conference promoted discussion of the problems encountered. The ICPF2013 brought together 191 scientists and researchers from 14 countries, affiliated with universities, technology centers and industrial firms to debate topics related to advanced technologies for pumps and fans, which would enhance the sustainable development of fluid machinery and fluid engineering. The Scientific Committee selected 166 technical papers on the following topics: (i) Principles of Fluid Machinery, (ii) Pumps, (iii) Compressors, Fans and Turbochargers, (iv) Turbines, (v) Cavitation and Multiphase Flow, (vi) Systems and Other Fluid Machinery, and 10 invited plenary and invited session lectures, which were presented at the conference, to be included in the proceedings. All the papers of ICPF2013, which were published in this volume of IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the editors of the ICPF2013, those are Yulin Wu, Zhengwei Wang, Shouqi Yuan, Weidong Shi, Shuhong Liu, Xingqi Luo and Fujun Wang. We sincerely hope that the 6th International Conference on Pumps and Fans with Compressors and Wind Turbines is a significant step forward in the worldwide efforts to address the present challenges facing modern fluid machines. Professor Yulin Wu Chairman of the Local Organizing Committee 6th International

  8. Aerial Photography and Imagery, Ortho-Corrected - 2009 Digital Orthophotos - Miami-Dade County

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC Education | GIS Inventory — The RGB one-foot orthophotos to be mapped consists of 1,306 cells (approximately 1,174 square miles) flown with a Z/I Intergraph DMC airborne digital sensor. The...

  9. Aerial Photography and Imagery, Ortho-Corrected - 2008 Digital Orthophotos - Hillsborough County

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC Education | GIS Inventory — The RGB/CIR half-foot orthophotos to be mapped consists of 1,384 cells (approximately 1,241 square miles) flown with a Z/I Intergraph DMC airborne digital sensor....

  10. Aerial Photography and Imagery, Ortho-Corrected - 2010 Digital Orthophotos - Manatee County

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC Education | GIS Inventory — The RGB/CIR ONE-foot orthophotos to be mapped consists of 4,362 cells (approximately 3,912 square miles) flown with a Z/I Intergraph DMC airborne digital sensor. The...

  11. Aerial Photography and Imagery, Ortho-Corrected - 2010 Digital Orthophotos - Sarasota County

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC Education | GIS Inventory — The RGB/CIR ONE-foot orthophotos to be mapped consists of 4,362 cells (approximately 3,912 square miles) flown with a Z/I Intergraph DMC airborne digital sensor. The...

  12. [Mihai Eminescu luulefestivalil osales Jüri Talvet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2014-01-01

    Mihai Eminescu luulefestivalil esitleti mahukat tõlkeantoloogiat "Antologia poeziei universal de astăzi" (Craiova: Editura Europa”, 2014), mille on koostanud Ion Deaconescu. Antoloogias on ka Jüri Talveti luulet

  13. Aerial Photography and Imagery, Ortho-Corrected - 2010 Digital Orthophotos - Hillsborough County

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC Education | GIS Inventory — The RGB/CIR ONE-foot orthophotos to be mapped consists of 4,362 cells (approximately 3,912 square miles) flown with a Z/I Intergraph DMC airborne digital sensor. The...

  14. Konteinernaja globlizatsija / Mihhail Tuzhikov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuzhikov, Mihhail

    2003-01-01

    Ülevaade Läänemere sadamate konteinervedudest - statistika, tendentsid. Tabelid: Kaubavahetus kontinentide järgi; Kaubavahetus Euroopa ja maailma sadamates; Konteinerveo käive sadamates. Kommenteerivad Sergei Artjomov, Aldis Zieds, Antonio Passaro, Vatslavas Grigalauskas, Stanislav Baiko

  15. Modeling and Analysis of Mobility Management in Mobile Communication Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Woon Min Baek

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Many strategies have been proposed to reduce the mobility management cost in mobile communication networks. This paper studies the zone-based registration methods that have been adopted by most mobile communication networks. We focus on two special zone-based registration methods, called two-zone registration (2Z and two-zone registration with implicit registration by outgoing calls (2Zi. We provide a new mathematical model to analyze the exact performance of 2Z and 2Zi. We also present various numerical results, to compare the performance of 2Zi with those of 2Z and one-zone registration (1Z, and show that 2Zi is superior to 2Z as well as 1Z in most cases.

  16. Velocity Spectra in the Unstable Planetary Boundary Layer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Højstrup, Jørgen

    1982-01-01

    Models for velocity spectra of all three components in the lower half of the unstable PBL are presented. The model spectra are written as a sum of two parts, nS(n) = A(fi, z/zi)w*2 + B(f, z/zi)u*02, a mixed layer part with a stability dependence, and a surface layer part without stability...... dependence and with negligible influence of z/zi in B in the surface layer; A is independent of z/zi for the horizontal components. The model agrees very well with data for variances, peak frequencies and spectra from the Kansas and Minnesota experiments. Requirements for models of spectra in the upper half...

  17. Environ: E00291 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available E00291 Sanguisorbae radix Sanguisorba root Burnet root Crude drug Sanguisorbin, Zi...yu-glycoside I, II, Tannin, Vitamin A [CPD:C00473] Sanguisorba officinalis [TAX:137457] ... Rosaceae (rose family) Burnet root ...

  18. Aerial Photography and Imagery, Ortho-Corrected - 2008 Digital Orthophotos - Manatee County

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC Education | GIS Inventory — The RGB/CIR half-foot orthophotos to be mapped consists of 2,258 cells (approximately 2,025 square miles) flown with a Z/I Intergraph DMC airborne digital sensor....

  19. Aerial Photography and Imagery, Ortho-Corrected - 2010 Digital Orthophotos - Hardee County

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC Education | GIS Inventory — The RGB/CIR ONE-foot orthophotos to be mapped consists of 4,362 cells (approximately 3,912 square miles) flown with a Z/I Intergraph DMC airborne digital sensor. The...

  20. Aerial Photography and Imagery, Ortho-Corrected - 2009 Digital Orthophotos - Monroe County

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC Education | GIS Inventory — The RGB, 8-bit, one-foot orthophotos to be mapped consists of 810 cells (approximately 727 square miles) flown with a Z/I Intergraph DMC airborne digital sensor. The...

  1. Aerial Photography and Imagery, Ortho-Corrected - 2010 Digital Orthophotos - DeSoto County

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC Education | GIS Inventory — The RGB/CIR ONE-foot orthophotos to be mapped consists of 4,362 cells (approximately 3,912 square miles) flown with a Z/I Intergraph DMC airborne digital sensor. The...

  2. Aerial Photography and Imagery, Ortho-Corrected - 2008 Digital Orthophotos - Pinellas County

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC Education | GIS Inventory — The RGB/CIR half-foot orthophotos to be mapped consists of 2,258 cells (approximately 2,025 square miles) flown with a Z/I Intergraph DMC airborne digital sensor....

  3. Aerial Photography and Imagery, Ortho-Corrected - 2010 Digital Orthophotos - Charlotte County

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC Education | GIS Inventory — The RGB/CIR ONE-foot orthophotos to be mapped consists of 4,362 cells (approximately 3,912 square miles) flown with a Z/I Intergraph DMC airborne digital sensor. The...

  4. Aerial Photography and Imagery, Ortho-Corrected - 2010 Digital Orthophotos - Pinellas County

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC Education | GIS Inventory — The RGB/CIR ONE-foot orthophotos to be mapped consists of 4,362 cells (approximately 3,912 square miles) flown with a Z/I Intergraph DMC airborne digital sensor. The...

  5. Aerial Photography and Imagery, Ortho-Corrected - 2008 Digital Orthophotos - Sarasota County

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC Education | GIS Inventory — The RGB/CIR half-foot orthophotos to be mapped consists of 2,258 cells (approximately 2,025 square miles) flown with a Z/I Intergraph DMC airborne digital sensor....

  6. Modeling the Response of Nioghalvfjerdsfjorden and Zachariae Isstrøm Glaciers, Greenland, to Ocean Forcing Over the Next Century

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, Y.; Morlighem, M.; Rignot, E.; Mouginot, J.; Wood, M.

    2017-11-01

    Recent studies have shown that the Northeast Greenland Ice Sheet region has been undergoing significant acceleration and dynamic thinning since 2010, and these changes are closely related to regional atmospheric and oceanic warming. Here we model the response of Nioghalvfjerdsfjorden (79North) and Zachariae Isstrøm (ZI) to ocean forcing to investigate their evolution over the coming decades. Our model suggests that 79North will retreat slowly over the next century, whereas ZI will lose its floating ice tongue completely and retreat rapidly for 70 years. After 70 years, ZI will stabilize 30 km upstream of its current position on a topographic ridge. Frontal melt rates need to reach 6 m/d in the summer to dislodge the glacier from this ridge. ZI will then continue a fast and unstoppable retreat, contributing more than 16.2 mm to global sea level rise by 2100.

  7. Overall skin tone and skin-lightening-improving effects with oral supplementation of lutein and zeaxanthin isomers: a double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juturu V

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Vijaya Juturu,1 James P Bowman,2 Jayant Deshpande1 1Department of Scientific and Clinical Affairs, OmniActive Health Technologies Inc., Morristown, NJ, 2James P Bowman & Associates LLC, Loveland, OH, USA Purpose: Carotenoids, especially lutein and zeaxanthin isomers (L/Zi, filter blue light and protect skin from environmental factors including high-energy sources. These carotenoids may be able to block the formation of melanin pathways, decrease cytokines, and increase antioxidants.Subjects and methods: This is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial over a 12-week supplementation period. Fifty healthy people (50 healthy subjects were recruited and 46 subjects completed the study (males and females, age: 18–45 years with mild-to-moderate dry skin were included in this study. Skin type of the subjects was classified as Fitzpatrick skin type II–IV scale. Subjects were administered with either an oral dietary supplement containing 10 mg lutein (L and 2 mg zeaxanthin isomers (Zi (L/Zi: RR-zeaxanthin and RS (meso-zeaxanthin or a placebo daily for 12 weeks. The minimal erythemal dose and skin lightening (L* were measured via the Chromameter®. The individual typological angle was calculated. Subjective assessments were also recorded.Results: Overall skin tone was significantly improved in the L/Zi group compared to placebo (P<0.0237, and luminance (L* values were significantly increased in the L/Zi group. Mean minimal erythemal dose was increased with L/Zi supplementation after 12 weeks of supplementation. L/Zi supplementation significantly increased the individual typological angle.Conclusion: L/Zi supplementation lightens and improves skin conditions. Keywords: lutein, zeaxanthin isomers, skin lightening, minimal erythemal dose, individual typological angle, overall skin tone

  8. Observing B-violation in relativistic heavy-ion collisions

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    εiπR2. A∆zi, where εi is the initial energy density expected in the collision and ∆z i is the initial thickness of the central region. In view of various uncertainties in the estimates of εi, τi, ∆zi etc., we examined a range of values of ∆z i . We will take ∆z.

  9. Application d'un modèle conceptuel et d'un modèle de réseaux de ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    conceptuel. Mots-clés : modélisation pluie-débit, modèle conceptuel, réseaux de neurones artificiels, N'zi-Bandama, Côte d'Ivoir. Application of a conceptual model and a model of artificial neural networks for the simulation of annual flows in the N'Zi-Bandama watershed (Ivory Coast). This study presents the comparison of ...

  10. Dolgaja doroga k hramu / Jekaterina Rodina

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rodina, Jekaterina

    2005-01-01

    Lasnamäe õigeusukiriku arhitektuurikonkursist ja võitnud töödest. Võitis Z-Projekti töö "Nikol", autorid arhitekt Oleg Zhemtshugov ning tema Minski kolleegid Nikolai Djatko ja Jevgeni Kolomenkin. Ergutuspreemiad said Veronika Valk ja Yoko Alender (OÜ ZiZi&YoYo) ning Jüri Martson, Rasmus Reinolt ja Ivo-Martin Veelma (AB Lokomotiiv OÜ). Žürii koosseis

  11. Retrovõtmes pühamu / Karin Paulus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paulus, Karin, 1975-

    2005-01-01

    Tallinnasse Lasnamäele plaanitava Jumalaema kiriku arhitektuurikonkursi võidutööst arhitektuuribüroolt Z-Projekt (arhitektid Oleg Zhemtshugov, Nikolai Djatko, Jevgeni Kolomenkin). Kommenteerib kunstiteadlane Mari-Liis Paaver. Ergutuspreemiad said arhitektuuribüroo ZiZi & YoYo projekt (arhitektid Veronika Valk, Yoko Alender) ning arhitektuuribüroo Lokomotiiv (arhitektid Jüri Martson, Rasmus Reinolt, Ivo-Martin Veelma)

  12. Assessment of private economic benefits and positive environmental externalities of tea plantation in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xue, Hui; Ren, Xiaoyi; Li, Shiyu; Wu, Xu; Cheng, Hao; Xu, Bin; Gu, Baojing; Yang, Guofu; Peng, Changhui; Ge, Ying; Chang, Jie

    2013-10-01

    Tea plantations are rapidly expanding in China and other countries in the tropical and subtropical zones, driven by relatively high private economic benefit. However, the impact of tea plantations on the regional environment, including ecosystem services and disservices are unclear. In this study, we developed an assessment framework for determining the private economic benefits and environmental externalities (the algebraic sum of the regulating services and disservices) of tea plantations in China. Our results showed that tea plantations provided private economic benefits of 5,652 yuan ha(-1) year(-1) (7.6 yuan = 1 USD in 2007) for tea farmers, plus positive environmental externalities of 6,054 yuan ha(-1) year(-1) for the society. The environmental externalities were calculated as the sum of the value of four regulating services, including carbon sequestration (392 yuan ha(-1) year(-1)); soil retention (72 yuan ha(-1) year(-1)); soil fertility protection (3,189 yuan ha(-1) year(-1)) and water conservation (2,685 yuan ha(-1) year(-1)), and three disservices, including CO2 emission (-39 yuan ha(-1) year(-1)), N2O emission (-137 yuan ha(-1) year(-1)) and nonpoint source pollution (-108 yuan ha(-1) year(-1)). Before the private optimal level, the positive environmental externalities can be maintained by private economic benefits; if a social optimal level is required, subsidies from government are necessary.

  13. Advanced Materials and Processing 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Yunfeng; Su, Chun Wei; Xia, Hui; Xiao, Pengfei

    2011-06-01

    Strain sensors made from MWNT/polymer nanocomposites / Gang Yin, Ning Hu and Yuan Li -- Shear band evolution and nanostructure formation in titanium by cold rolling / Dengke Yang, Peter D. Hodgson and Cuie Wen -- Biodegradable Mg-Zr-Ca alloys for bone implant materials / Yuncang Li ... [et al.] -- Hydroxyapatite synthesized from nanosized calcium carbonate via hydrothermal method / Yu-Shiang Wu, Wen-Ku Chang and Min Jou -- Modeling of the magnetization process and orthogonal fluxgate sensitivity of ferromagnetic micro-wire arrays / Fan Jie ... [et al.] -- Fabrication of silicon oxide nanowires on Ni coated silicon substrate by simple heating process / Bo Peng and Kwon-Koo Cho -- Deposition of TiOxNy thin films with various nitrogen flow rate: growth behavior and structural properties / S.-J. Cho ... [et al.] -- Observation on photoluminescence evolution in 300 KeV self-ion implanted and annealed silicon / Yu Yang ... [et al.] -- Facile synthesis of lithium niobate from a novel precursor H[symbol] / Meinan Liu ... [et al.] -- Effects of the buffer layers on the adhesion and antimicrobial properties of the amorphous ZrAlNiCuSi films / Pai-Tsung Chiang ... [et al.] -- Fabrication of ZnO nanorods by electrochemical deposition process and its photovoltaic properties / Jin-Hwa Kim ... [et al.] -- Cryogenic resistivities of NbTiAlVTaLax, CoCrFeNiCu and CoCrFeNiAl high entropy alloys / Xiao Yang and Yong Zhang -- Modeling of centrifugal force field and the effect on filling and solidification in centrifugal casting / Wenbin Sheng, Chunxue Ma and Wanli Gu -- Electrochemical properties of TiO[symbol] nanotube arrays film prepared by anodic oxidation / Young-Jin Choi ... [et al.] -- Effect of Ce additions on high temperature properties of Mg-5Sn-3Al-1Zn alloy / Byoung Soo Kang ... [et al.] -- Sono-electroless plating of Ni-Mo-P film / Atsushi Chiba, Masato Kanou and Wen-Chang Wu -- Diameter dependence of giant magneto-impedance effect in co-based melt extracted amorphous

  14. Analysis of Coastline Extraction from Landsat-8 OLI Imagery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yaolin Liu

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Coastline extraction is a fundamental work for coastal resource management, coastal environmental protection and coastal sustainable development. Due to the free access and long-term record, Landsat series images have the potential to be used for coastline extraction. However, dynamic features of different types of coastlines (e.g., rocky, sandy, artificial, caused by sea level fluctuation from tidal, storm and reclamation, make it difficult to be accurately extracted with coarse spatial resolution, e.g., 30 m, of Landsat images. To access this problem, we analyze the performance of coastline extraction by integrating downscaling, pansharpening and water index approaches in increasing the accuracy of coastline extraction from the latest Landsat-8 Operational Land Imager (OLI imagery. In order to prove the availability of the proposed method, we designed three strategies: (1 Strategy 1 uses the traditional water index method to extract coastline directly from original 30 m Landsat-8 OLI multispectral (MS image; (2 Strategy 2 extracts coastlines from 15 m fused MS images generated by integrating 15 m panchromatic (PAN band and 30 m MS image with ten pansharpening algorithms; (3 Strategy 3 first downscales the PAN band to a finer spatial resolution (e.g., 7.5 m band, and then extracts coastlines from pansharpened MS images generated by integrating downscaled spatial resolution PAN band and 30 m MS image with ten pansharpening algorithms. Using the coastline extracted from ZiYuan-3 (ZY-3 5.8 m MS image as reference, accuracies of coastlines extracted from MS images in three strategies were validated visually and quantitatively. The results show that, compared with coastline extracted directly from 30 m Landsat-8 MS image (strategy 1, strategy 3 achieves the best accuracies with optimal mean net shoreline movement (MNSM of −2.54 m and optimal mean absolute difference (MAD of 11.26 m, followed by coastlines extracted in strategy 2 with optimal MNSM

  15. Promoting endothelial recovery and reducing neointimal hyperplasia using sequential-like release of acetylsalicylic acid and paclitaxel-loaded biodegradable stents

    OpenAIRE

    Lee CH; Yu CY; Chang SH; Hung KC; Liu SJ; Wang CJ; Hsu MY; Hsieh IC; Chen WJ; Ko YS; Wen MS

    2014-01-01

    Cheng-Hung Lee,1,2 Chia-Ying Yu,2 Shang-Hung Chang,1 Kuo-Chun Hung,1 Shih-Jung Liu,2 Chao-Jan Wang,3 Ming-Yi Hsu,3 I-Chang Hsieh,1 Wei-Jan Chen,1 Yu-Shien Ko,1 Ming-Shien Wen1 1Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital-Linkou, Tao-Yuan, Taiwan; 2Department of Mechanical Engineering, Chang Gung University, Tao-Yuan, Taiwan; 3Department of Medical Imaging and Intervention, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou, Tao-Yuan, Taiwan Introduction: This wor...

  16. The Effects of Different Warm-up Volumes on the 100-m Swimming Performance: A Randomized Crossover Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neiva, Henrique P; Marques, Mário C; Barbosa, Tiago M; Izquierdo, Mikel; Viana, João L; Teixeira, Ana M; Marinho, Daniel A

    2015-11-01

    The aim of this study was to compare the effect of 3 different warm-up (WU) volumes on 100-m swimming performance. Eleven male swimmers at the national level completed 3 time trials of 100-m freestyle on separate days and after a standard WU, a short WU (SWU), or a long WU (LWU) in a randomized sequence. All of them replicated some usual sets and drills, and the WU totaled 1,200 m, the SWU totaled 600 m, and the LWU totaled 1,800 m. The swimmers were faster after the WU (59.29 seconds; confidence interval [CI] 95%, 57.98-60.61) and after the SWU (59.38 seconds; CI 95%, 57.92-60.84) compared with the LWU (60.18 seconds; CI 95%, 58.53-61.83). The second 50-m lap after the WU was performed with a higher stroke length (effect size [ES] = 0.77), stroke index (ES = 1.26), and propelling efficiency (ES = 0.78) than that after the SWU. Both WU and SWU resulted in higher pretrial values of blood lactate concentrations [La] compared with LWU (ES = 1.58 and 0.74, respectively), and the testosterone:cortisol levels were increased in WU compared with LWU (ES = 0.86). In addition, the trial after WU caused higher [La] (ES ≥ 0.68) and testosterone:cortisol values compared with the LWU (ES = 0.93). These results suggest that an LWU could impair 100-m freestyle performance. The swimmers showed higher efficiency during the race after a 1200-m WU, suggesting a favorable situation. It highlighted the importance of the [La] and hormonal responses to each particular WU, possibly influencing performance and biomechanical responses during a 100-m race.

  17. China Report, Science & Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-04-30

    Contracting System Examined (Wang Shengqiao; KEXUEXUE YU KEXUE JISHU GUANLI, No 1, Jan 87) 3 Wu Wushu Discusses New Scientific, Technical Legislation...research units and must not impose uniformity on them across the board. 12581 CSO: 4008/2074 10 NATIONAL DEVELOPMENTS WU WUSHU DISCUSSES NEW...and Technical Legislation Research Work Conference, State Science and Technology Commission Secretary Wu Wushu [0702 2976 2885] made a request about

  18. Acta Aerodynamica Sinica,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-11-03

    Xttack; by Wang Zixing and Wu Genxing .............................. 110’) On the Investigation of Separated Flow in the lase,-by Bian Yinqui and Dong...1984). 109 Effect of Winglet on Spatial Vortex of a Solid in Rotation at /49 High Angle of Attack Wang Zixing and Wu Genxing (Nanjing Aeronautical...attract the separation vortex of the slender body. 120 References [1] Wu Genxing and Wang Zixing, Symposium of China Society of Mechanics on "Flow

  19. Physiological and Psychophysical Responses to Listening to Music during Warm-Up and Circuit-Type Resistance Exercise in Strength Trained Men

    OpenAIRE

    Hamid Arazi; Abbas Asadi; Morteza Purabed

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of listening to music during warm-up and resistance exercise on physiological (heart rate and blood pressure) and psychophysical (rating of perceived exertion) responses in trained athletes. Twelve strength trained male participants performed warm-up and resistance exercise without music (WU+RE without M), warm-up and resistance exercise with music (WU+RE with M), WU with M and RE without M, and WU without M and RE with M, with 48 hours spac...

  20. JPRS Report China

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-04-13

    Grain Problems; Tianjin Port Handles More Exports; Inner Mongolia Personnel Reshuffles Noted; Origin of Taiwan Independence Movement Analyzed; Publisher Wu Feng-shan Discusses Political Trends; and others.

  1. Improving Undergraduates' Argumentative Group Essay Writing through Self-Assessment

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Fung, Yong Mei; Mei, Hooi Chee

    2015-01-01

    When writing an argumentative essay, writers develop and evaluate arguments to embody, initiate, or simulate various kinds of interpersonal and textual interaction for reader consideration (Wu & Allison, 2003...

  2. Studies on the preparation and the photoelectrochemical properties ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    , Tianjin University of Commerce. Training Programs of Innovation and Entrepreneurship for. Undergraduates (2014090) and National Science Foundation of China (11272231). References. 1. Chen J K, Fu W Y, Yuan G Y, Runa A, Bala Hari, ...

  3. Disease: H01879 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available H01879 Wiedemann-Steiner syndrome; Alazami-Yuan syndrome Wiedemann-Steiner Syndrom...a N, Matsumoto N ... TITLE ... Delineation of clinical features in Wiedemann-Steiner syndrome caused by KMT2A

  4. 77 FR 4759 - Initiation of Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Administrative Reviews and Requests for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-31

    ...: Certain Hot-Rolled Carbon Steel Flat Products 12/1/10--11/30/11 A-533-820 Essar Steel Limited (Essar Steel... Yuan Bee Products Co., Ltd Chengdu Stone Dynasty Art Stone Damco China Limited Qingdao Branch Dongtai...

  5. Comment on: Chocolate Consumption and Risk of Coronary Heart Disease, Stroke, and Diabetes: A Meta-analysis of prospective Studies, Nutrients 2017, 9, 688

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilberto F. Hurtado-Torres

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Shen Yuan et al. [1] highlight the protective cardiometabolic effects of chocolate intake. Without doubt, their work contributes to support evidence about the salutary and wide protective effects of chocolate compounds, particularly flavanols and its derivatives.[...

  6. Next to subleading soft-graviton theorem in arbitrary dimensions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kalousios, Chrysostomos [ICTP South American Institute for Fundamental Research,Instituto de Física Teórica, UNESP-Universidade Estadual Paulista,R. Dr. Bento T. Ferraz 271, Bl. II, 01140-070, São Paulo, SP (Brazil); Rojas, Francisco [Instituto de Física Teórica, UNESP-Universidade Estadual Paulista,R. Dr. Bento T. Ferraz 271, Bl. II, 01140-070, São Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    2015-01-21

    We study the soft graviton theorem recently proposed by Cachazo and Strominger. We employ the Cachazo, He and Yuan formalism to show that the next to subleading order soft factor for gravity is universal at tree level in arbitrary dimensions.

  7. AUTHOR INDEX

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    -Xiang. 45. Jin Yuan-Xiang. Studies on middle silkgland proteins of cocoon colour sex- limited silkworm (Bombyx mori L.) using two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. 45. Kachroo Aashiq Hussain. Order in stress – Lessons from ...

  8. 潍坊海王创建医药物流航母%Weifang Haiwang,an Aircraft Carrier in the Pharmaceutical Logistics Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜冬

    2005-01-01

    In the just starting pharmaceutical logistics industry in China,Weifang Haiwang Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., like an aircraft carrier, with annual sales revenues of 2.61 billion yuan, has become the leader in China.

  9. Solving Fractional Dynamical System with Freeplay by Combining Memory-Free Approach and Precise Integration Method

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Liu, Q. X; He, X. S; Liu, J. K; Chen, Y. M; Huang, L. C

    2016-01-01

      The Yuan-Agrawal (YA) memory-free approach is employed to study fractional dynamical systems with freeplay nonlinearities subjected to a harmonic excitation, by combining it with the precise integration method (PIM...

  10. 78 FR 24234 - Certain Semiconductor Chips With DRAM Circuitry, and Modules and Products Containing Same; Notice...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-24

    ... by Nanya Technology Corporation of TaoYuan, Taiwan, or Nanya Technology Corporation, U.S.A. of Santa... FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Clark S. Cheney, Office of the General Counsel, U.S. International Trade...

  11. Observations of Binary and Millisecond Pulsars at Xinjiang ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2016-01-27

    Jan 27, 2016 ... Author Affiliations. Jingbo Wang1 2 Na Wang1 Jianping Yuan1 Zhiyong Liu1. Xinjiang Astronomical Observatory, CAS, 150, Science 1-Street, Urumqi 830011, China. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China.

  12. Scouting, Signaling, and Gatekeeping: Chinese Naval Operations in Japanese Waters and the International Law Implications (China Maritime Study, Number 2)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-02-01

    Form ApprovedOMB No. 0704-0188 Public reporting burden for the collection of information is estimated to average 1 hour per response, including the...OF RESPONSIBLE PERSON a. REPORT unclassified b. ABSTRACT unclassified c. THIS PAGE unclassified Standard Form 298 (Rev. 8-98) Prescribed by...homing tor- pedoes .27 If so, the Yuan is a potent threat to both surface and subsurface combatants. Supplementing its three Yuan-class vessels, the

  13. Clinical investigation of CT-guided ozone-blowing and fumigation ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    STORAGESEVER

    2010-05-31

    May 31, 2010 ... Clinical investigation of CT-guided ozone-blowing and fumigation therapy for the chronic refractory cutaneous sinus and ulcer. Meng-Qi Wei1, Jian-Shou Zhou1, Hai-Tao Liu2, Yuan Yuan1, Jun-Qing Xu1, Yong Yang1, Jin-. Song Zhang1, Yong Peng1* and Yi Huan1*. 1Department of Radiology, Xijing ...

  14. Enhancement of Radiation Therapy in Prostate Cancer by DNA-PKcs Inhibitor

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-09-01

    EZH2 in- tensity levels.Reprint requests to: D. W. Nathan Kim, MD Southwestern Medical Center, Department of Forest Park Rd, Dallas, TX 75390. Tel: (214... Biomed Mater Res A 2012;100(8):1998-2005. 23. Jia Y, Yuan M, Yuan H, Huang X, Sui X, Cui X, Tang F, Peng J, Chen J, Lu S and others. Co...Multifunctionality of indocyanine green-loaded biodegradable nanoparticles for enhanced optical imaging and hyperthermia intervention of cancer. J Biomed Opt

  15. Variable Rail Voltage Control of a Brushless DC (BLDC) Motor

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    Variable Rail Voltage Control of a Brushless DC (BLDC) Motor by Yuan Chen, Joseph Conroy, and William Nothwang ARL-TR-6308 January 2013...TR-6308 January 2013 Variable Rail Voltage Control of a Brushless DC (BLDC) Motor Yuan Chen, Joseph Conroy, and William Nothwang Sensors...DATES COVERED (From - To) 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Variable Rail Voltage Control of a Brushless DC (BLDC) Motor 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT

  16. [Cost-effectiveness analysis of integrated control strategy of parasitic diseases in demonstration plots].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ying-Dan, Chen; Ju-Jun, Wang; Wei, Zang; Men-Bao, Qian; Long-Qi, Xu

    2011-10-01

    To study the cost-effectiveness of different deworming schemes in demonstration plots of integrated control of parasitic diseases. The cost-effectiveness was analyzed between mass drug administration and drug administration to focal population according to the different infection rates of parasites. In the demonstration plots of soil-born nematodes control, the costs for reducing one infected case and the cost for reducing 1% infection rate per ten thousand people in mass drug administration groups (Group 1 and Group 2) and drug administration to focal population were 20.73, 14.42 Yuan and 14.33 Yuan, and 1 700.49, 1 503.19 Yuan and 145.41 Yuan, respectively. In the demonstration plots of control of clonorchiasis sinensis, the costs for reducing one infected case and the cost for reducing 1% infection rate per ten thousand people in mass drug administration group and drug administration to focal population were 31.03 Yuan and 37.01 Yuan, and 3 115.10 Yuan and 3841.38 Yuan, respectively. The multiple effectiveness indexes for control of soil-transmitted nematodes in the mass drug administration groups (Group 1 and Group 2) and drug administration to focal population were 76.72, 80.27 and 97.64, respectively. The multiple effectiveness indexes for control of clonorchiasis sinensis in the mass drug administration group and the drug administration to focal population group were 112.93 and 65.49, respectively. We should choose the deworming schemes not only to get a great reduction of human parasite infection rate and a rapid effective reduction of the source of infection, but also to make a full use of the limited funds on target population.

  17. China Report, Political, Sociological and Military Affairs

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-07-30

    orderly way. However, the problem at present is how to help the people of the whole country familia - rize themselves with and have a good grasp of the...or are of a pornographic nature, or toys with pornographic illustrations, aphrodisiacs, and sexual gadgets as well. Precious works of art with...audio cassettes, slides, toys, aphrodisiacs, and sexual aids are liable to fines ranging from 100 yuan to 1,000 yuan; (3) Those who take with them or

  18. Fiscal 1999 technical survey report. Green Helmet Project (China, steel industry, sintering/material segregation technology compatible type); 1999 nendo green helmet jigyo (Chugoku seitetsugyo shoketsu / genryo henseki gijutsu taiogata) chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Guidance was given about technologies for reducing energy consumption in the sintering process at Tangshan Iron and Steel Group Co., Ltd., and Panzhihua Iron and Steel (Group) Co. The guidance centered about the recovery of waste heat from sintering, material charging and separation, and granulation. The Tangshan plant yields 6-million tons/year and has three sintering machines, and the No. 3 machine is equipped with a waste heat recovery unit. Steam generation is insufficient. The Panzhihua plant yields 3.5-million tons/year and has six sintering machines. The No. 1, No. 2, and No. 6 machines are equipped with a waste heat recovery unit, and the generation and use of steam is well balanced. It is common to both that energy efficiency is low and that improvement is necessary. Studies were made about energy conservation technologies for the No. 1 sintering machine at the Tangshan plant and for the No. 6 sintering machine at the Panzhihua plant. At the Tangshan plant, it is expected that there will be reductions of 11-million yuan/year in waste heat recovery facilities, 7-million yuan/year in granulation enhancement facilities, 4-million yuan/year in facilities for charging materials. The Panzhihua plant will enjoy reductions of 3-million yuan/year in waste heat recovery facilities, 6.5-million yuan/year in granulation enhancement facilities, and 4-million yuan/yen in facilities for charging materials. (NEDO)

  19. Novel targeting of PEGylated liposomes for codelivery of TGF-β1 siRNA and four antitubercular drugs to human macrophages for the treatment of mycobacterial infection: a quantitative proteomic study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Niu NK

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Ning-Kui Niu,1–3 Juan-Juan Yin,3 Yin-Xue Yang,4 Zi-Li Wang,1 Zhi-Wei Zhou,3 Zhi-Xu He,5 Xiao-Wu Chen,6 Xueji Zhang,7 Wei Duan,8 Tianxin Yang,9 Shu-Feng Zhou3 1Department of Orthopedics, General Hospital of Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, 2Department of Spinal Surgery, General Hospital of Ningxia Medical University, Yinchuan, Ningxia, People’s Republic of China; 3Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA; 4Department of Colorectal Surgery, General Hospital of Ningxia Medical University, Yinchuan, Ningxia, 5Guizhou Provincial Key Laboratory for Regenerative Medicine, Stem Cell and Tissue Engineering Research Center and Sino-US Joint Laboratory for Medical Sciences, Guizhou Medical University, Guiyang, Guizhou, 6Department of General Surgery, The First People’s Hospital of Shunde Affiliated to Southern Medical University, Shunde, Foshan, Guangdong, 7Research Center for Bioengineering and Sensing Technology, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing, People’s Republic of China; 8School of Medicine, Deakin University, Waurn Ponds, VIC, Australia; 9Department of Internal Medicine, University of Utah and Salt Lake Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Salt Lake City, UT, USA Abstract: Tuberculosis (TB is still a major public health issue in developing countries, and its chemotherapy is compromised by poor drug compliance and severe side effects. This study aimed to synthesize and characterize new multimodal PEGylated liposomes encapsulated with clinically commonly used anti-TB drugs with linkage to small interfering RNA (siRNA against transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1. The novel NP-siRNA liposomes could target THP-1-derived human macrophages that were the host cells of mycobacterium infection. The biological effects of the NP-siRNA liposomes were evaluated on cell cycle distribution, apoptosis, autophagy, and the gene silencing efficiency of TGF-β1 siRNA in human

  20. Review of the East Palaearctic and North Oriental Psyttalia Walker, with the description of three new species (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Opiinae)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wu, Q.; Achterberg, van C.; Tan, J.-L.; Chen, X.-X.

    2016-01-01

    The East Palaearctic and North Oriental species of the genus Psyttalia Walker (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Opiinae) are reviewed. Three new species are described and illustrated: P. latinervis Wu & van Achterberg, sp. n. and P. majocellata Wu & van Achterberg, sp. n. from China, and P. spectabilis van

  1. Developing institutional collaboration between Wageningen university and the Chinese academy of agricultural sciences

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bonnema, A.B.; Lin, Z.; Qu, L.; Jacobsen, E.

    2006-01-01

    Scientific co-operation between the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS) and Wageningen University (WU) has been underway since 1990, especially in the field of plant sciences. In 2001, CAAS and WU initiated a formal joint PhD training programme to further structure their co-operation.

  2. Journal of Biosciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Biosciences. Ding Wu. Articles written in Journal of Biosciences. Volume 41 Issue 2 June 2016 pp 229-236 Article. Silencing of HMGA2 promotes apoptosis and inhibits migration and invasion of prostate cancer cells · Zhan Shi Ding Wu Run Tang Xiang Li Renfu Chen Song Xue Chengjing Zhang ...

  3. Journal of Earth System Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Earth System Science. ShaoFei Wu. Articles written in Journal of Earth System Science. Volume 126 Issue 4 June 2017 pp 48. Joint pattern of seasonal hydrological droughts and floods alternation in China's Huai River Basin using the multivariate L-moments · ShaoFei Wu Xiang Zhang DunXian ...

  4. DMPD: Mechanism of age-associated up-regulation in macrophage PGE2 synthesis. [Dynamic Macrophage Pathway CSML Database

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 15331118 Mechanism of age-associated up-regulation in macrophage PGE2 synthesis. Wu...e-associated up-regulation in macrophage PGE2 synthesis. PubmedID 15331118 Title Mechanism of age-associated... up-regulation in macrophage PGE2 synthesis. Authors Wu D, Meydani SN. Publicatio

  5. Bulletin of Materials Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science. Anhua Wu. Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 27 Issue 4 August 2004 pp 333-336 Crystal Growth. Bridgman growth and defects of Nd : Sr3Ga2Ge4O14 laser crystals · Jiaxuan Ding Anhua Wu Jiayue Xu · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF.

  6. Women in physics

    CERN Document Server

    Indovino, Shaina

    2013-01-01

    What does it take to be a physicist? Lise Meitner, Katharine Blodgett, Maria Goeppert-Mayer, Chien-Shiung Wu, Ursula Franklin, Argelia Velez-Rodriguez, Sau Lan Wu, Shirley Ann Jackson, Lisa Randall and opportunities for women in physics today.

  7. Software Quality Measurement for Distributed Systems. Volume 1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-07-01

    Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, Jun. 1980 (CHW) ( Chu , W. and Chew, P., "Computer Networks: A Tutorial", IEEE Comput. Soc., New York, 1980) (COD...Pragmatic View of Distributed Processing Systems", IEEE Conput. Soc., Los Alemedas, California, 1980) (WU) Wu, Chuan-lin, & Feng, Tsu -yun. "A software

  8. Nested Nanotherapeutics for Drug Synergy Enhancement in Breast Cancer Therapy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-09-01

    feedback loop activation – Task 2, Aim 2 Reportable Outcomes • Refereed publications - Ruiz-Esparza, G.U.; Wu, S.; Segura-Ibarra, V.; Cara , F.E...32, 2309-23. *Contributed equally - Blanco, E.; Sangai, T.; Wu, S.; Hsiao, A.; Ruiz-Esparza, G.U.; Gonzalez- Delgado, C.A.; Cara , F.E.; Granados

  9. Free vibrations of a multi-span Timoshenko beam carrying multiple ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Wu (2002) obtained the natural frequencies and mode shapes of the beams carrying any number of two-degrees of freedom spring-mass systems by using finite element method (FEM). Wu & Chen (2001) used the numerical assembly technique for free vibration analysis of a Timoshenko beam carrying multiple spring-mass.

  10. Journal of Biosciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Productivity and biochemical properties of green tea in response to full-length and functional fragments of HpaGXooc, a harpin protein from the bacterial rice leaf streak pathogen Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzicola · Xiaojing Wu Tingquan Wu Juying Long Qian Yin Yong Zhang Lei Chen Ruoxue Liu Tongchun Gao Hansong ...

  11. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Sadhana. M-J Wu. Articles written in Sadhana. Volume 35 Issue 5 October 2010 pp 631-647. Development of numerical modelling of analysis program for energy-dissipating behaviour of velocity dependent hydraulic damper · M-H Shih W-P Sung M-J Wu · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. A relief valve ...

  12. Fundamental Investigations into the Infrared Properties of Carbon Nanotubes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-23

    Vallejo , Rongtao Lu, Judy Wu. Development of Textured Magnesium Oxide Templates on Amorphous Polymer SurfacesUsing Ion-Beam-Assisted Deposition, Applied...Applied Physics Letters 99, 023111 (2011) 18. A. Elliot, Vallejo , R.T. Lu, and J.Z. Wu, “Development of Textured Magnesium Oxides Templates on

  13. 团队悟性创新理论框架

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Xin, Wang; Li, Peter Ping

    2017-01-01

    ,imagination, symbolism, metaphor, analogy, and insight. Based on the literature about knowledge creation and organizational learning, the new framework of "Wu"-based team-level innovation emerges from four cases of "Wu"-based knowledge creation in a Chinese aerospace team, with a special reference to the Western notion...

  14. Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Ethiopia - Vol 30, No 1 (2016)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Synthesis, Hirshfeld surface analyses and magnetism of a 1D Mn(II) complex · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. L. Lu, J. Wang, W. P. Wu, X. R. Wu, A. Kumar, 111-118. http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/bcse.v30i1.10 ...

  15. A Review of Cyanobacterial Odorous and Bioactive Metabolites: Impacts and Management Alternatives in Aquaculture

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-05-06

    cyanobacterium Lyngbya majuscula. Phytochemistry 49, 2387–2389. Martin, J.F., McCoy, C.P., Greenleaf, W., Bennett, L., 1987. Analysis of 2...Bioactive natural products frommarine cyanobacteria for drug discovery. Phytochemistry 68, 954–979. Tang, J.W., Wu, Q.Y., Hao, H.W., Chen, Y., Wu, M

  16. Hopes for Confucian Pedagogy in China?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayhoe, Ruth

    2014-01-01

    This commentary on Wu Zongjie's article "Interpretation, autonomy and transformation: Chinese pedagogic discourse in a cross-cultural perspective" begins by suggesting the usefulness of Wu's polar opposite depiction of Confucian and modern pedagogy as ideal types for comparative exploration. It goes on to suggest that the term…

  17. Reference: 188 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 188 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u15753038i Wu Xuelin ...STIMPY/WOX9 for Arabidopsis meristem growth and maintenance. 5 436-40 15753038 2005 Mar Current biology Dabi Tsegaye|Weigel Detlef|Wu Xuelin

  18. 77 FR 34342 - Order Denying Export Privileges

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-11

    ... Alex Wu, Currently Incarcerated at: Inmate Number: 40887-424 FMC Devens, Federal Medical Center, P.O... addresses at: Inmate Number: 40887-424, FMC Devens, Federal Medical Center, P.O. Box 879, Ayer, MA 01432 and... person, firm, corporation, or business organization related to Wu by affiliation, ownership, control or...

  19. Expression analysis and characteristics of hypothetical protein ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    W Zhang, H Lan, T Wu, C Jiang, Z Lv, Z Nie, X Wu, Y Zhang. Abstract. We cloned a cDNA from silkworm pupal cDNA library and found that, it encodes LOC778500 protein (a “hypothetical protein” in the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) database). Thus, we named it BmLOC778500 (Bombyx mori ...

  20. Phytochemical, Antimicrobial, and Toxicological Evaluation of Traditional Herbs Used to Treat Sore Throat

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mehreen, Arifa; Waheed, Muzzamil; Liaqat, Iram; Arshad, Najma

    2016-01-01

    The in vitro antibacterial activities of 29 traditional medicinal plants used in respiratory ailments were assessed on multidrug resistant Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria isolated from the sore throat patients and two reference strains. The methanolic, n-hexane, and aqueous extracts were screened by the agar well diffusion assay. Bioactive fractions of effective extracts were identified on TLC coupled with bioautography, while their toxicity was determined using haemolytic assay against human erythrocytes. Qualitative and quantitative phytochemical analysis of effective extracts was also performed. Methanolic extract of 18 plants showed antimicrobial activity against test strains. Adhatoda vasica (ZI = 17–21 mm, MIC: 7.12–62.5 μg/mL), Althaea officinalis (ZI = 16–20 mm, MIC: 15.62–31.25 μg/mL), Cordia latifolia (ZI = 16–20 mm, MIC: 12.62–62.5 μg/mL), Origanum vulgare (ZI = 20–22 mm, MIC: 3–15.62 μg/mL), Thymus vulgaris (ZI = 21–25 mm, MIC: 7.81–31.25 μg/mL), and Ziziphus jujuba (ZI = 14–20 mm, MIC: 7.81–31.25 μg/mL) showed significant antibacterial activity. Alkaloid fractions of Adhatoda vasica, Cordia latifolia, and Origanum vulgare and flavonoid fraction of the Althaea officinalis, Origanum vulgare, Thymus Vulgaris, and Ziziphus jujuba exhibited antimicrobial activity. Effective plant extracts show 0.93–0.7% erythrocyte haemolysis. The results obtained from this study provide a scientific rationale for the traditional use of these herbs and laid the basis for future studies to explore novel antimicrobial compounds. PMID:27429983

  1. Phytochemical, Antimicrobial, and Toxicological Evaluation of Traditional Herbs Used to Treat Sore Throat.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mehreen, Arifa; Waheed, Muzzamil; Liaqat, Iram; Arshad, Najma

    2016-01-01

    The in vitro antibacterial activities of 29 traditional medicinal plants used in respiratory ailments were assessed on multidrug resistant Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria isolated from the sore throat patients and two reference strains. The methanolic, n-hexane, and aqueous extracts were screened by the agar well diffusion assay. Bioactive fractions of effective extracts were identified on TLC coupled with bioautography, while their toxicity was determined using haemolytic assay against human erythrocytes. Qualitative and quantitative phytochemical analysis of effective extracts was also performed. Methanolic extract of 18 plants showed antimicrobial activity against test strains. Adhatoda vasica (ZI = 17-21 mm, MIC: 7.12-62.5 μg/mL), Althaea officinalis (ZI = 16-20 mm, MIC: 15.62-31.25 μg/mL), Cordia latifolia (ZI = 16-20 mm, MIC: 12.62-62.5 μg/mL), Origanum vulgare (ZI = 20-22 mm, MIC: 3-15.62 μg/mL), Thymus vulgaris (ZI = 21-25 mm, MIC: 7.81-31.25 μg/mL), and Ziziphus jujuba (ZI = 14-20 mm, MIC: 7.81-31.25 μg/mL) showed significant antibacterial activity. Alkaloid fractions of Adhatoda vasica, Cordia latifolia, and Origanum vulgare and flavonoid fraction of the Althaea officinalis, Origanum vulgare, Thymus Vulgaris, and Ziziphus jujuba exhibited antimicrobial activity. Effective plant extracts show 0.93-0.7% erythrocyte haemolysis. The results obtained from this study provide a scientific rationale for the traditional use of these herbs and laid the basis for future studies to explore novel antimicrobial compounds.

  2. Phytochemical, Antimicrobial, and Toxicological Evaluation of Traditional Herbs Used to Treat Sore Throat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arifa Mehreen

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The in vitro antibacterial activities of 29 traditional medicinal plants used in respiratory ailments were assessed on multidrug resistant Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria isolated from the sore throat patients and two reference strains. The methanolic, n-hexane, and aqueous extracts were screened by the agar well diffusion assay. Bioactive fractions of effective extracts were identified on TLC coupled with bioautography, while their toxicity was determined using haemolytic assay against human erythrocytes. Qualitative and quantitative phytochemical analysis of effective extracts was also performed. Methanolic extract of 18 plants showed antimicrobial activity against test strains. Adhatoda vasica (ZI = 17–21 mm, MIC: 7.12–62.5 μg/mL, Althaea officinalis (ZI = 16–20 mm, MIC: 15.62–31.25 μg/mL, Cordia latifolia (ZI = 16–20 mm, MIC: 12.62–62.5 μg/mL, Origanum vulgare (ZI = 20–22 mm, MIC: 3–15.62 μg/mL, Thymus vulgaris (ZI = 21–25 mm, MIC: 7.81–31.25 μg/mL, and Ziziphus jujuba (ZI = 14–20 mm, MIC: 7.81–31.25 μg/mL showed significant antibacterial activity. Alkaloid fractions of Adhatoda vasica, Cordia latifolia, and Origanum vulgare and flavonoid fraction of the Althaea officinalis, Origanum vulgare, Thymus Vulgaris, and Ziziphus jujuba exhibited antimicrobial activity. Effective plant extracts show 0.93–0.7% erythrocyte haemolysis. The results obtained from this study provide a scientific rationale for the traditional use of these herbs and laid the basis for future studies to explore novel antimicrobial compounds.

  3. Lutein and zeaxanthin isomers modulates lipid metabolism and the inflammatory state of retina in obesity-induced high-fat diet rodent model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tuzcu, Mehmet; Orhan, Cemal; Muz, Omer Ersin; Sahin, Nurhan; Juturu, Vijaya; Sahin, Kazım

    2017-07-24

    Several studies associated high-fat intakes with a high incidence of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Lutein and Zeaxanthin isomers (L/Zi) may counteract reactive oxygen species produced by oxidative stress. The present study was conducted to determine the possible effects of L/Zi administration on lipid profile, protein genes associated with oxidative stress and inflammation pathways in the obesity induced by a high-fat diet (HFD) in rodents. Twenty-eight male Wistar rats were allocated into four groups as follows: (i) Control, (ii) Control + L/Zi, (iii) High Fat Diet (HFD), and (iv) HFD+ L/Z. L/Zi was administrated for 8 weeks at a daily dose of 100 mg/kg BW. L/Zi administration significantly reduced insulin and free fatty acid (FFA) levels (P < 0.001) and ameliorated the oxidative damage by reducing malondialdehyde (MDA) concentration and increasing antioxidant enzymes activities of retina induced by HFD. In addition, supplementation decreased the levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM) (P < 0.001, respectively) and improved nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) and heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1) gene proteins in retinal tissues (P < 0.001). Rats fed with HFD exhibited increased oxidative stress and upregulation of inflammatory indicators. However, L/Zi supplementation modulates genes involved oxidative stress and inflammation including NF-κB and Nrf2 signaling pathways in the retina which may contribute to ameliorating retinal damage induced by HFD.

  4. Propranolol therapy for infantile hemangioma: our experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhang L

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Ling Zhang,1,* Hai-Wei Wu,1,* Weien Yuan,2 Jia-Wei Zheng1 1Department of Oral-Maxillary Head and Neck, Ninth People’s Hospital, College of Stomatology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Stomatology, Shanghai, 2School of Pharmacy, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Objective: Hemangiomas are the most common benign vascular tumors of infancy. Although most infantile hemangiomas (IHs have the ability to involute spontaneously after initial proliferation and resolve without consequence, intervention is required in a subset of IHs, which develop complications resulting in ulceration, bleeding, or aesthetic deformity. The primary treatment for this subset of IHs is pharmacological intervention, and propranolol has become the new first-line treatment for complicated hemangiomas. Here, we evaluated the efficacy of propranolol on proliferation IH in a clinical cohort including 578 patients.Methods: We retrospectively reviewed a total of 578 IH patients who were treated with oral propranolol from January 2010 to December 2012. Responses to the propranolol treatment were graded as: excellent, good, poor, or no response. Based on the response to propranolol treatment (once daily at a dose of 1.0 mg/kg for patients younger than 2 months; twice daily at daily total dose of 2 mg/kg for patients older than 2 months, additional pharmacotherapies or surgery were used for IH patients for satisfactory clinical outcome.Results: Five hundred and sixty (96.9% of 578 IH patients in our study responded to oral propranolol treatment, and the response rate was significantly different for different ages of patients (P<0.05, with the youngest patients having the highest response rate. The mean time of treatment was 6 months (range, 3–12 months. For example, response rate to propranolol was 98.1% in patients younger than 2 months, compared with

  5. Estrogen-mediated hemangioma-derived stem cells through estrogen receptor-α for infantile hemangioma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhang L

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Ling Zhang,1 Hai Wei Wu,1 Weien Yuan,2 Jia Wei Zheng1 1Shanghai Ninth People’s Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Center for Specialty Strategy Research of Shanghai Jiao Tong University China Hospital Development Institute, 2School of Pharmacy, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China Background: Infantile hemangiomas (IHs are the most common benign vascular tumor of infancy. They occur more frequently in female infants. The cause of hemangioma is currently unknown; however, current studies suggested the importance of estrogen (E2 signaling in hemangioma proliferation. Methods: Hemangioma-derived stem cells (HemSCs were cultured with estrogen for 48–72 h; the cell viability and proliferation were evaluated with the messenger RNA (mRNA and protein expression levels of fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2, vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A and estrogen receptor-α (ER-α, by application of several in vitro assays, such as methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT, reverse transcriptase–polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR, real-time PCR, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA and Western blotting. Also, the cell population’s response to external estrogen was investigated by in vivo experiments. HemSCs and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs were mixed and injected subcutaneously into 20 flank of BALB/c-nu mice, which were randomly divided into 5 groups based on different E2 treatment doses (0, 0.01, 0.1 and 1 mg, respectively, 0.1 mg dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO as control. Each group of mice were treated intramuscularly every week, then 2 and 4 weeks later, the subcutaneous implants were harvested and evaluated the tumor tissues with microvessel density (MVD assay and immunohistochemistry. Results: The study demonstrated that application of E2 increased the expression of FGF2, VEGF-A, and ER-α in HemSCs with the optimal concentration from 10−9 to 10−5 M. Two

  6. Did opening of the South China Sea impact development of the Asian Monsoon? Results from Oligocene microfossils, IODP Site U1435, northern South China Sea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kulhanek, Denise K.; Su, Xin; Li, Qianyu; Gregory, Mitch; Warny, Sophie; Clift, Peter D.

    2016-04-01

    conditions. Warm-water indicators such as Discoaster and Sphenolithus are relatively common throughout the interval, with a small increase in abundance near the top of the section. On the other hand, species sensitive to nutrient and/or salinity conditions, such as Helicosphaera and Braarudosphaera, vary in abundance throughout the section. These variations may be linked to changes in rainfall intensity and runoff/nutrient input from the adjacent continent, reflecting variations in the monsoon. These records, together with other Oligocene records from the northern South China Sea, should help to shed light on variations in the Asian Monsoon during the transition from Greenhouse to Icehouse conditions in the Oligocene. References: Clift, P.D., Hodges, K.V., Heslop, D., Hannigan, R., Van Long, H., and Calves, G., 2008. Correlation of Himalayan exhumation rates and Asian monsoon intensity. Nature Geoscience, 1: 875-880. Guo, Z.T., Ruddiman, W.F., Hao, Q.Z., Wu, H.B., Qiao, Y.S., Zhu, R.X., Peng, S.Z., Wei, J.J., Yuan, B.Y., and Liu, T.S., 2002. Onset of Asian desertification by 22 Myr ago inferred from loess deposits in China. Nature, 416: 159-163. Licht, A., van Cappelle, M., Abels, H.A., Ladant, J.-B., Trabucho-Alexandre, J., France-Lanord, C., Donnadieu, Y., Vandenberghe, J., Rigaudier, T., Lécuyer, C., Terry Jr., D., Adriaens, R., Boura, A., Guo, Z., Aung Naing Soe, Quade, J., Dupont-Nivet, and Jaeger, J.-J., 2014. Asian monsoons in a late Eocene greenhouse world. Nature, 513: 501-506.

  7. A Sociolinguistic Assessment of the Darwazi Speech Variety in Afghanistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simone Beck

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a sociolinguistic assessment of the Darwāzi speech varieties (including Tangshewi based on data collected during a survey conducted between August 31st and September 19th 2008 in the Darwāz area. The research was carried out under the auspices of the International Assistance Mission, a Non-Governmental Organization working in Afghanistan. The goal was to determine whether Dari, one of the two national languages, is adequate to be used in literature and primary school education, or whether the Darwāzi people would benefit from language development, including literature development and primary school education in the vernacular.

  8. Penerapan Fēng Shuǐ dan Pandangan Fēng Shuǐ dari Anak yang Menyemayamkan Orang Tuanya di Pemakaman Puncak Nirwana 峰顶山庄风水运用及子女对父母墓葬峰顶山庄风水之看法

    OpenAIRE

    Hermawan, Robby; Karsono, Ong Mia Farao

    2014-01-01

    Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui sejauh mana diterapkannya unsur fēng shuǐ pada pemakaman Puncak Nirwana serta pandangan anak yang memakamkan orang tuanya di pemakaman tersebut mengenai fēng shuǐ. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah deskriptif kualitatif. Subjek penelitian terdiri dari 11 informan. Teori yang digunakan yaitu aliran fēng shuǐ, simbol – simbol fēng shuǐ (pí xiū dan shi zi), simbol makna baik dalam kehidupan orang Tionghoa dan teori ajaran xiào Kǒng zi dalam upacar...

  9. Further notes on the application of zero-inflated models in highway safety.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lord, Dominique; Washington, Simon; Ivan, John N

    2007-01-01

    The intent of this note is to succinctly articulate additional points that were not provided in the original paper (Lord et al., 2005) and to help clarify a collective reluctance to adopt zero-inflated (ZI) models for modeling highway safety data. A dialogue on this important issue, just one of many important safety modeling issues, is healthy discourse on the path towards improved safety modeling. This note first provides a summary of prior findings and conclusions of the original paper. It then presents two critical and relevant issues: the maximizing statistical fit fallacy and logic problems with the ZI model in highway safety modeling. Finally, we provide brief conclusions.

  10. Lower Bounds for Algebraic Decision Trees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-07-01

    there a pair i, 3" with i 34 j and zi = zj? In this case, W = ((ZIZ 2 .. )I (zi -Z) /- 0.) C It is easily shown that #W = n! since each region {(zI,z 2...O since #(I, m’, n) just equals the number of regions of Rn which can be partitioned by m ’ hyperplanes. (This is proved in Steiner (1826) (111 which... Teoria Geometrica delle Equazioni e delle Funzioni Algebraiche, vol. 2, Nicola Zanichelli, Bologna, (1915), 101-104. 17] J. Milnor, "On the Betti Numbers

  11. Density-matrix renormalization study of the Hubbard model on a Bethe lattice

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lepetit, M.B.; Cousy, M.; Pastor, G.M. [Toulouse-3 Univ., 31 (France). Lab. de Physique Quantique

    2000-02-01

    The half-filled Hubbard model on the Bethe lattice with coordination number z=3 is studied using the density-matrix renormalization group (DMRG) method. Ground-state properties such as the energy per site E, average local magnetization left angle S{sub z}(i) right angle, its fluctuations left angle S{sub z}(i){sup 2} right angle - left angle S{sub z}(i) right angle {sup 2} and various spin correlation functions left angle S{sub z}(i)S{sub z}(j) right angle - left angle S{sub z}(i) right angle left angle S{sub z}(j) right angle are determined as a function of the Coulomb interaction strength U/t. The local magnetic moments left angle S{sub z}(i) right angle increase monotonically with increasing Coulomb repulsion U/t showing antiferromagnetic order between nearest neighbors [ left angle S{sub z}(0) right angle {approx_equal}- left angle S{sub z}(1) right angle ]. At large U/t, left angle S{sub z}(i) right angle is strongly reduced with respect to the saturation value 1/2 due to exchange fluctuations between nearest neighbors (NN) spins [ vertical stroke left angle S{sub z}(i) right angle vertical stroke {approx_equal}0.35 for U/t{yields}+{infinity}]. left angle S{sub z}(i){sup 2} right angle - left angle S{sub z}(i) right angle {sup 2} shows a maximum for U/t=2.4-2.9 that results from the interplay between the usual increase of left angle S{sub z}(i){sup 2} right angle with increasing U/t and the formation of important permanent moments left angle S{sub z}(i) right angle at large U/t. While NN sites show antiferromagnetic spin correlations that increase with increasing Coulomb repulsion, the next NN sites are very weakly correlated over the whole range of U/t. The DMRG results are discussed and compared with tight-binding calculations for U=0, independent DMRG studies for the Heisenberg model and simple first-order perturbation estimates. (orig.)

  12. Reevaluating Reaction Rates from Diffusion Profiles in Minerals and Effects on Trace Element Thermometers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kohn, M. J.; Penniston-Dorland, S.

    2016-12-01

    The overgrowth of one mineral upon another (corona) can be associated with a diffusion profile in the reactant (core) crystal. In principle, these profiles can be used to infer reaction rates using a steady state reaction model (constant velocity movement of the reactant/product grain boundary). In practice, however, natural data do not conform to these models. Assuming mass conservation and equilibrium partitioning between the two reactant and product minerals, steady state reaction predicts an exponential profile. Rutile that was overgrown by titanite sometimes show quasi-exponentially decreasing profiles in trace elements, suggesting reaction rates might be inferred. However, the steady-state reaction model also predicts that: (1) The mass excess in the diffusion profile in rutile should be balanced by a mass deficit in titanite, (2) Titanite should be zoned and exhibit a compositional trend complementary to the profile in rutile, and (3) Trace element partitioning between titanite and rutile should be maintained as the corona develops and should be preserved at the rutile-titanite interface. None of these three predictions are observed in natural titanite overgrowths on rutile, rather titanite is generally unzoned and significant trace element mass deficits or excesses indicate partial to complete interaction with other matrix minerals. Reaction rates might still be obtainable if titanite and rutile rim compositions continuously equilibrate with the matrix during reaction. If so, however, temperatures from Zr-in-titanite (ZiT) and Zr-in-rutile (ZiR) should be identical. Yet commonly they are not, even accounting for potentially low activities of zircon and quartz at the reaction interface, rather T(ZiT) > T(ZiR). Explanations for the diffusion profiles in rutile range from steadily increasing or decreasing reaction rates, or even post-reaction development of a diffusion profile with a fixed boundary condition. While reaction rates cannot be quantified, the

  13. Wave propagation, scattering and emission in complex media

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jin, Ya-Qiu

    I. Polarimetric scattering and SAR imagery. EM wave propagation and scattering in polarimetric SAR interferometry / S. R. Cloude. Terrain topographic inversion from single-pass polarimetric SAR image data by using polarimetric stokes parameters and morphological algorithm / Y. Q. Jin, L. Luo. Road detection in forested area using polarimetric SAR / G. W. Dong ... [et al.]. Research on some problems about SAR radiometric resolution / G. Dong ... [et al.]. A fast image matching algorithm for remote sensing applications / Z. Q. Hou ... [et al.]. A new algorithm of noised remote sensing image fusion based on steerable filters / X. Kang ... [et al.]. Adaptive noise reduction of InSAR data based on anisotropic diffusion models and their applications to phase unwrapping / C. Wang, X. Gao, H. Zhang -- II. Scattering from randomly rough surfaces. Modeling tools for backscattering from rough surfaces / A. K. Fung, K. S. Chen. Pseudo-nondiffracting beams from rough surface scattering / E. R. Méndez, T. A. Leskova, A. A. Maradudin. Surface roughness clutter effects in GPR modeling and detection / C. Rappaport. Scattering from rough surfaces with small slopes / M. Saillard, G. Soriano. Polarization and spectral characteristics of radar signals reflected by sea-surface / V. A. Butko, V. A. Khlusov, L. I. Sharygina. Simulation of microwave scattering from wind-driven ocean surfaces / M. Y. Xia ... [et al.]. HF surface wave radar tests at the Eastern China Sea / X. B. Wu ... [et al.] -- III. Electromagnetics of complex materials. Wave propagation in plane-parallel metamaterial and constitutive relations / A. Ishimaru ... [et al.]. Two dimensional periodic approach for the study of left-handed metamaterials / T. M. Grzegorczyk ... [et al.]. Numerical analysis of the effective constitutive parameters of a random medium containing small chiral spheres / Y. Nanbu, T. Matsuoka, M. Tateiba. Wave propagation in inhomogeneous media: from the Helmholtz to the Ginzburg -Landau equation / M

  14. Danusertib, a potent pan-Aurora kinase and ABL kinase inhibitor, induces cell cycle arrest and programmed cell death and inhibits epithelial to mesenchymal transition involving the PI3K/Akt/mTOR-mediated signaling pathway in human gastric cancer AGS and NCI-N78 cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuan CX

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Chun-Xiu Yuan,1,2 Zhi-Wei Zhou,2,3 Yin-Xue Yang,4 Zhi-Xu He,3 Xueji Zhang,5 Dong Wang,6 Tianxing Yang,7 Si-Yuan Pan,8 Xiao-Wu Chen,9 Shu-Feng Zhou2 1Department of Oncology, General Hospital, Ningxia Medical University, Yinchuan, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Pharmaceutical Science, College of Pharmacy, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA; 3Guizhou Provincial Key Laboratory for Regenerative Medicine, Stem Cell and Tissue Engineering Research Center and Sino-US Joint Laboratory for Medical Sciences, Guiyang Medical University, Guiyang, 4Department of Colorectal Surgery, General Hospital, Ningxia Medical University, Yinchuan, 5Research Center for Bioengineering and Sensing Technology, University of Science and Technology Beijing, 6Cancer Center, Daping Hospital and Research Institute of Surgery, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, People’s Republic of China; 7Department of Internal Medicine, University of Utah and Salt Lake Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Salt Lake City, UT, USA; 8Department of Pharmacology, School of Chinese Materia Medica, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing, 9Department of General Surgery, The First People’s Hospital of Shunde, Southern Medical University, Shunde, People’s Republic of China Abstract: Gastric cancer is the second leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide, with a poor response to current chemotherapy. Danusertib is a pan-inhibitor of the Aurora kinases and a third-generation Bcr-Abl tyrosine kinase inhibitor with potent anticancer effects, but its antitumor effect and underlying mechanisms in the treatment of human gastric cancer are unknown. This study aimed to investigate the effects of danusertib on cell growth, apoptosis, autophagy, and epithelial to mesenchymal transition and the molecular mechanisms involved in human gastric cancer AGS and NCI-N78 cells. The results showed that danusertib had potent growth-inhibitory, apoptosis-inducing, and

  15. An investigation into the effects of different warm-up modalities on specific motor skills related to soccer performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fletcher, Iain M; Monte-Colombo, Mathew M

    2010-08-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of different warm-up stretch modalities on specific high-speed motor capabilities important to soccer performance. Twenty-seven male soccer players performed 3 warm-up conditions, active warm-up (WU), WU with static stretching (SPS), and WU with dynamic stretching (ADS). Heart rate, countermovement jump, 20-m sprint, and Balsom agility tests were performed after each intervention. Vertical jump heights were significantly greater (p < 0.01) in the WU and ADS conditions compared to those in the SPS trial. The 20-m sprint and agility times showed that the SPS condition was significantly slower (p < 0.01) than the WU and ADS conditions, with the ADS trial being significantly faster (p < 0.05) than the WU condition. Heart rate was significantly higher (p < 0.01) for participants post-WU and -ADS trials compared to the SPS condition. These findings suggest that the superior performance of the dynamic stretch and warm-up-only conditions compared to the static stretch condition may be linked to increases in heart rate. The reasons for the dynamic stretch trial superiority compared to the warm-up condition are less clear and as yet to be established. We recommend for optimal performance, specific dynamic stretches be employed as part of a warm-up, rather than the traditional static stretches.

  16. Impact of in-band interference on a wake-up radio system in wireless sensor networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lebreton, J. M.; Murad, N. M.; Lorion, R.

    2017-05-01

    The energy efficiency of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) is considerably improved with Wake-up Radio (WuR) systems. However, their resilience to interference is often neglected in the literature. This might be an issue due to the proliferation of wireless devices and the growing field of internet of things. In this paper, we evaluate the impact of in-band interference from wireless devices on a WuR system. The approach proves that WuR systems are still performing well when coexisting with external wireless networks, even if the energy-efficiency is slightly reduced.

  17. An Analysis of Mine Water Inrush Based on Fractal and Non-Darcy Seepage Theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Jinsui; Cai, Jianchao; Zhao, Dongyun; Chen, Xuexi

    2014-09-01

    Mining rock mechanics is a new cross subject of mechanics and mining engineering, the seepage theory is one of the important research directions. This paper combines Wu-fractal/Ergun high-speed flow theory and dynamic system instability, reveals the influence factors of mine water inrush. Research shows that: Mine water inrush related to rock porosity, particle size, shape, fractal dimension, ratio of pore and throat, and other factors. Compared the critical Reynolds number which are got from Wu-fractal model and Ergun equation, Wu-fractal model can reveal more influence factors of mine water inrush than Ergun equation.

  18. The Effect of a Winglet on the Spatial Vortex of a Slender Body at High Angle of Attack,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-07-07

    OF A SLENDER BODY AT HIGH 0)ANGLE OF ATTACK !,D) toF by ~Wang Zixing, Wu Genxing Approved for public release;L"’J Distribution unlimited. q Ui...ATTACK By: Wang Zixing, Wu Genxing English pages: 12 Source: Konggi Donglixue Xuebao, Vol. 3, Nr. 1, 1985, pp. 49-53 Country of origin: China Translated by...U ~ ~ ’~ IL--c-k. au -ILI . W THE EFFECT OF A WINGLET ON THE SPATIAL VORTEX OF A SLENDER BODY AT HIGH ANGLE OF ATTACK Wang Zixing Wu Genxing

  19. People’s Republic of China Scientific Abstracts No. 179

    Science.gov (United States)

    1977-11-08

    No 2, April 1977 7 CHIH-WU HSUEH-PAO [ACTA BOTANICA SINICA] No 2, June 1977 22 I-CH’UAN HSUEH-PAO [ACTA GENETICA SINICA] No 1...sources with fluorescent dyes and applications in forensic medicine. 10 ATITHOR: WU Min [O702 4t ] ORG: Institute of Oncology...photorespirators. 8650 C50J 4009 29 ACTA GENETICA SINICA AUTHOR: WU An-chiu [0702 1344 0036] ORG: Technique Staff of San-t’ai Commune Fu County

  20. evaluation of bacterial vaginosis {ev} using nugent scoring system

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    in healthy women 1' and our recent genomic study has shown that Nigerian women .2 ;-;- colonized with some Lactohac as species with probiotic capabilities 1”. The two most widely accepted methods for the zi-jgllzosis of bacterial a}! rosis are. 1-: el's composite criteria is and Nngent's. Gram stain evaluation of bacterial.

  1. Versal deformation of the Lie algebra $L_2$

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Fialowski, A.; Post, Gerhard F.

    1999-01-01

    We investigate deformations of the infinite dimensional vector field Lie algebra spanned by the fields $e_i = z^{i+1}d/dz$, where $i \\ge 2 $. The goal is to describe the base of a ``versal'' deformation; such a versal deformation induces all the other nonequivalent deformations and solves the

  2. Versal deformation of the Lie algebra L_2

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Post, Gerhard F.; Fialowski, Alice

    2001-01-01

    We investigate deformations of the infinite-dimensional vector-field Lie algebra spanned by the fields ei = zi + 1d/dz, where i ≥ 2. The goal is to describe the base of a “versal” deformation; such a versal deformation induces all the other nonequivalent deformations and solves the deformation

  3. Graphic/Symbol Segmentation for Group 4 Facsimile Systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-04-01

    constituar a donc permis do ddfinir los principalos carac - tdristiques du riseau d’ordinatours nouveaux & mettre en place pour aborder la rialisation du,"ysbmn...8217Lmr :es pr.tncipales carac - teristiques du r~seau d’ordinateurs nouveaux zi iicl!re en :zIace nuur aborder la realisation du syst~me informatif

  4. Author Details

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Rizman3, Z.I.. Vol 9, No 3S (2017): Special Issue - Articles Mesh material feasibility tests for maximum water collection by using white PE plastic sheet, black polyolefin meshes and HDPE green mesh. Abstract PDF. ISSN: 1112-9867. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians ...

  5. Arabidopsis CDS blastp result: AK243285 [KOME

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available AK243285 J100051N01 At1g34790.1 68414.m04337 transparent testa 1 protein (TT1) / zi...nc finger (C2H2 type) protein TT1 identical to transparent testa 1 GI:18253279 from [Arabidopsis thaliana]; contains Pfam profile PF00096: Zinc finger, C2H2 type 1e-24 ...

  6. Arabidopsis CDS blastp result: AK289209 [KOME

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available AK289209 J100058I16 At1g34790.1 68414.m04337 transparent testa 1 protein (TT1) / zi...nc finger (C2H2 type) protein TT1 identical to transparent testa 1 GI:18253279 from [Arabidopsis thaliana]; contains Pfam profile PF00096: Zinc finger, C2H2 type 1e-12 ...

  7. Arabidopsis CDS blastp result: AK287566 [KOME

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available AK287566 J065027L04 At1g34790.1 68414.m04337 transparent testa 1 protein (TT1) / zi...nc finger (C2H2 type) protein TT1 identical to transparent testa 1 GI:18253279 from [Arabidopsis thaliana]; contains Pfam profile PF00096: Zinc finger, C2H2 type 2e-77 ...

  8. Transient Behavior of Light-Emitting Electrochemical Cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-01

    Triflate Lithium Trifluoromethanesulfonate NVG Night Vision Goggles OIF Operation Iraqi Freedom OLED Organic Light Emitting Diode Opamp Operational...xii R Resistance TTI OSD Technology Transition Initiative Z Impedance ZI Imaginary Impedance ZR Real Impedance xiii...response to questions arising from these studies the IFF LEC patch will be used to make measurements of the device’s capacitance, resistance , current and

  9. AHP 10: Story: A Stolen Journey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Blo bzang tshe ring བློ་བཟང་ཚེ་རིང་།

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available BIo bzang tshe ring (b 1984 is from A mgon Village, A mchog Town, Bsang chu County, Kan Iho Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Kan su'u Province. He says, "I wrote this story based on what I was told by the three men who brought the main character of the story to Zi ling City in their car."

  10. A Comparative Assessment of System Description Methodologies and Formal Specification Languages

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-03-01

    Profesor !Aviiienis. The authors appreciate the comments and advice received from Professors R. Caflish, J. W. Carlyle, B. Ho and D. A. Rennels, who...23755-600. O00 CoDuter Center C/ TIC 9do0 Savage Foad Fort George G. 4eade 10 20755-6000 OL- ATTN. Cold? ~rj The Pentagonl Wash aC Zi;31(--7100 ,ATN

  11. Modeling Zika plasma viral dynamics in non-human primates: insights into viral pathogenesis and antiviral strategies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Best, Katharine [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Guedj, Jeremie [Univ. of Paris (France). IAME; Madelain, Vincent [Univ. of Paris (France); de Lamballerie, Xavier [Aix-Marseille Univ. (France); L, So-Yonim [Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA (United States). Center for Virology and Vaccine Research; Osuna, Christa E [Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA (United States). Center for Virology and Vaccine Research; Whitney, James [Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA (United States). Center for Virology and Vaccine Research; Perelson, Alan S. [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2016-10-24

    The recent outbreak of Zika virus (ZIKV) has been associated with fetal abnormalities and neurological complications, prompting global concern. Here we present the first mathematical analysis of the within-host dynamics of plasma ZiKV burden in a non-human primate model, allowing for characterization of the growth and clearance of ZIKV within an individual macaque.

  12. Consultation-Liaison psychiatric service delivery : results from a European study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Huyse, FJ; Herzog, T; Lobo, A; Malt, UF; Opmeer, BC; Stein, B; de Jonge, P; van Dijck, R; Creed, F; Crespo, MD; Cardoso, G; Guimaraes-Lopes, R; Mayou, R; van Moffaert, M; Rigatelli, M; Sakkas, P; Tienari, P

    2001-01-01

    The reported Endings of the European Consultation-Liaison Workgroup (ECLW) Collaborative Study describe consultation-liaison service delivery by 56 services from ZI European countries aggregated on a C-L service level. During the period of 1 year (1991), the participants applied a standardized,

  13. Journal of Biosciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Biosciences. Trishal Kaur. Articles written in Journal of Biosciences. Volume 39 Issue 5 December 2014 pp 867-875 Articles. Uncoupling protein 2 gene (UCP2) 45-bp I/D polymorphism is associated with adiposity among Malaysian women · Yee-How Say Zi-Lian Ban Yogambigai Arumugam ...

  14. Notification ofpesticide poisoning in the western Cape, 1987 - 1991

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    higher aInong those with self-inflicted injury, par- ticularly far= workers. A concurrent review of hospital .... (z) the poisoning was occupational, accidental or self- inflicted; and (zi) whether it occurred on a farm or at a .... worldwide realisation of the diversity of work-related disease and of the many different ways in which work.

  15. Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2016-01-27

    Jan 27, 2016 ... In either case, the 2 method is an unreliable method. Volume 33 Issue 2 June 2012 pp 213-220. Star Formation Rate Indicators in Wide-Field Infrared Survey Preliminary Release · Fei Shi Xu Kong James Wicker Yang Chen Zi-Qiang Gong Dong-Xin Fan · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. With the goal ...

  16. Study on the inhibitory effect of total alkaloids of Sophora ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Ku Dou Zi is the dried whole plant, roots and seeds of Sophora alopecuroides L. in the genus Sophora of family Leguminosae. The entire plant is bitter in taste, cold in nature, and has the heat clearing, detoxifying, pathogenic wind dispelling dampness, analgesic, and insecticidal effects. Modern ...

  17. Reporting of Inpatient Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-04-06

    ISLANDS (OBSOLETE - SEE JA) YQ YEMEN ( ADEN ) YS ZA ZAMBIA ZI ZIMBABWE 2 2-2-6 • • • •• • • Apr 6, 886040.39 (Encl 2) TRI-SERVICE BENEFICIARY CATEGORIES...n.e.c ............. .................... .. 093 cervical ............ .................... .. 093 2-5-1 4 I =- ~ mmm lm’ m RESIDUAL DISABILITIES

  18. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, 16th International Congress of the International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing -- Volume 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-01-27

    nBWT|3^ zi^ Administration and guided also by international trends ™PE;/rom 1985 on revised its own policy and structure in the area of Remote...Rego Barbosa, Osvaldo Caldas; MCT - MINISTERIO DA CIENCIA E TECNOLOGIA , INPE - INSTITUTO DE PESQUISAS ESPACIAIS, Rod. Presidente Dutra, km 40 12630

  19. Supervaroņu kritiskā literatūra – žanra specifika un tematiskie izaicinājumi

    OpenAIRE

    Orlova, Diāna

    2016-01-01

    Zinātniskajā darbā tiek analizēta supervaroņu žanra specifika, īpašu vērību veltot supervaroņu īpašībām, kā arī komiksu specifikai. Teorētiskā daļa sastāv no literatūras pārskata par izvēlēto tēmu. Praktiskā daļa koncentrējas uz supervaroņu analīzi, kā arī izvēlēto komiksi no amerikāņu, japāņu un Eiropas valstīm salīdzinājumu analīzi. Pētījuma mērķis ir siegt salīdzinošu Supermena, Spidermena un Betmena analīzi, kā arī amerikāņu, japāņu un Eiropas komiksu analīzi. Iegūtie rezultāti iezīmē gal...

  20. Fabrication and characterization of PDLLA/pyrite composite bone ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Pyrite (FeS2, named as Zi-Ran-Tong in Chinese medicine), as a traditional Chinesemedicine, has been used in the Chinese population to treat bone diseases and to ... Chengdu Institute of Organic Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041, People's Republic of China; University of Chinese Academy of ...

  1. Pitch Variability in Patients with Parkinson's Disease: Effects of Deep Brain Stimulation of Caudal Zona Incerta and Subthalamic Nucleus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karlsson, Fredrik; Olofsson, Katarina; Blomstedt, Patric; Linder, Jan; van Doorn, Jan

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of the present study was to examine the effect of deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) and the caudal zona incerta (cZi) pitch characteristics of connected speech in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). Method: The authors evaluated 16 patients preoperatively and 12 months after DBS surgery. Eight…

  2. Photon mass attenuation coefficients, effective atomic numbers and ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    (3) where fi = (ni/ ∑j nj) and Zi are the fractional abundance and atomic number respectively of the constituent element. Here, ni is the total number of atoms of the constituent element and ∑j nj are the total number of atoms of all types present in the compound as per its chemical formula. The effective atomic number, Zeff,.

  3. Revising Matumo's Setswana– English–Setswana Dictionary

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    rbr

    Abstract: The aim of this article is to design a revision strategy for the Setswana to English side of the Setswana–English–Setswana Dictionary compiled by Z.I. Matumo in 1993. An existing general organic Setswana corpus as well as a dedicated corpus compiled for the purposes of the revision will be used as a basis for ...

  4. Where Are All the Typical Numbers – 2

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    powerful. para { the equation (1) above has a special name in probability theory. One says that the functions (Zi) are independent. 3. A Consequence of Independence. Equation (1), simple as it is, is extremely powerful. One useful thing is that, it implies that integrals also mul- tiply. We give a more precise statement below.

  5. ORTHOIMAGERY, MANATEE COUNTY, FL, USA

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — The 8-bit 3-Band (Red, Green, Blue) one-foot orthophotos were flown with a Z/I Intergraph DMC airborne digital sensor. The flight season was from December 15, 2008...

  6. assessment of commonly available antimicrobial agents. a study ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ABSTRACT. OBjECTIVE. Microbiological assessment of commonly available antimicrobial agents in Ilala Municipality. METHODOLOGY. The disc diffusion method was used for the determination of antimicrobial activities. RESULTS. Amoxicillin exhibited ZI between 21mm (Elys) and 23mm (Zenufa) against E. coli, and ...

  7. Articulatory Closure Proficiency in Patients with Parkinson's Disease Following Deep Brain Stimulation of the Subthalamic Nucleus and Caudal Zona Incerta

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karlsson, Fredrik; Olofsson, Katarina; Blomstedt, Patric; Linder, Jan; Nordh, Erik; van Doorn, Jan

    2014-01-01

    Purpose: The present study aimed at comparing the effects of deep brain stimulation (DBS) treatment of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) and the caudal zona incerta (cZi) on the proficiency in achieving oral closure and release during plosive production of people with Parkinson's disease. Method: Nineteen patients participated preoperatively and…

  8. Zero inflated Poisson and negative binomial regression models: application in education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salehi, Masoud; Roudbari, Masoud

    2015-01-01

    The number of failed courses and semesters in students are indicators of their performance. These amounts have zero inflated (ZI) distributions. Using ZI Poisson and negative binomial distributions we can model these count data to find the associated factors and estimate the parameters. This study aims at to investigate the important factors related to the educational performance of students. This cross-sectional study performed in 2008-2009 at Iran University of Medical Sciences (IUMS) with a population of almost 6000 students, 670 students selected using stratified random sampling. The educational and demographical data were collected using the University records. The study design was approved at IUMS and the students' data kept confidential. The descriptive statistics and ZI Poisson and negative binomial regressions were used to analyze the data. The data were analyzed using STATA. In the number of failed semesters, Poisson and negative binomial distributions with ZI, students' total average and quota system had the most roles. For the number of failed courses, total average, and being in undergraduate or master levels had the most effect in both models. In all models the total average have the most effect on the number of failed courses or semesters. The next important factor is quota system in failed semester and undergraduate and master levels in failed courses. Therefore, average has an important inverse effect on the numbers of failed courses and semester.

  9. Confucian Educational Philosophy and Its Implication for Lifelong Learning and Lifelong Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Qi

    2008-01-01

    This paper, from historical and philosophical perspectives, presents Confucian education philosophy, a philosophy that is argued is a philosophy of lifelong learning. Examined and illustrated are the Confucian concepts of "Sage", a Confucian ideal human model, and "Jun Zi", a Confucian realistic educational result. Through "Sage", Confucius…

  10. Nigerian Veterinary .ieiirriai Vat. iii, i-a {aria}

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nigerian Veterinary .ieiirriai Vat. iii, i-a {aria}. iJNiZiERGR/XUUATE V" ViiilW OF THE VETERINARY i'RtMi'iilSSiON;. A STUDY OF AHMAE)U HELLO UNiVESITY, ZARIA - NEGEREA. REM} A®RWEJNME$, BID AND BET .ANQHANG, H. Department of Veterinary Surgery and Medicine. Abniadu Hello University, Zaria on.

  11. Chipping behaviour of all-ceramic crowns with zirconia framework and CAD/CAM manufactured veneer

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Schmitter, M; Mueller, D; Rues, S

    2012-01-01

    .... 32 identical, anatoform zirconia (Sirona inCoris ZI, mono L F1) frameworks (thickness 0.6mm) were constructed (Sirona inLab 3.80). Afterwards, 16 crowns were completed using a CAD/CAM manufactured lithium disilicate ceramic veneer...

  12. molecular characterization of γ gliadin from durum wheat

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    R. Mzid

    Biotechnologie de Sfax (CBS), Route Sidi Mansour Km 6, B.P « 1177 ». 3018 Sfax,. Tunisie. 3. Banque Nationale de Gènes, Boulevard du leader YASSER ARAFAT, Z.I. la. Charguia 1080 Tunisie. Received: 07 Mars 2017 / Accepted: 12 August 2017 / Published online: 01 September 2017. ABSTRACT. The gluten quality is ...

  13. Mixing height over water and its role on the correlation between temperature and humidity fluctuations in the unstable surface layer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sempreviva, A.M.; Gryning, Sven-Erik

    2000-01-01

    Results from an experimental investigation of the mixing height over inner Danish waters carried out from September 1990 to October 1992, are discussed. The statistical analysis of the mixed-layer height (z(i)) over the sea does not exhibit the daily variation that is characteristic of the mixed ...

  14. Page 1 Page 2 Page 3 SCIOHJOIWI (INV. STVIHOLLYW ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ------------. Page 4. Page 5. Page 6. Page 7. Page 8. 9/. S0000 SSLLLLaaa SaLLL LaLLL Laaaa aaaaa LLLL LLLLLLLL CCLLCCLLLL LLL mmGCCCC LLLLL CC 00Caa S S0 aaaaS ? "ON "ZI "IoA. Page 9. Page 10. Page 11. Page 12.

  15. Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy. Yang Chen. Articles written in Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy. Volume 33 Issue 2 June 2012 pp 213-220. Star Formation Rate Indicators in Wide-Field Infrared Survey Preliminary Release · Fei Shi Xu Kong James Wicker Yang Chen Zi-Qiang Gong Dong-Xin ...

  16. The Plastic Deformation of Thallium Halides in Relation to Crystal Orientation

    Science.gov (United States)

    1949-01-14

    und Chem. I_2., 443 (1867). 6. J. Tanmann and A. Mueller, Zs.f. Metallkunde 18, 69 (1926). 3 -• a a-- - . .. Fig. 1. Press patterns on Cu-crystal...metry. Actually, under the proper lighting conditions, there can 7. J. Tammann and A. Mueller, Zs.f. Metallkunde 18, 69 (1926). 7 -41ZI 4, 4, 0 %4 ~4- 0

  17. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    pc

    2017-10-17

    Oct 17, 2017 ... input (NARX) bitcoin price prediction model using PSO-optimized parameters and moving average technical indicators. Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences. 2017,. 9(3S):791-808. [23] Zabidi A, Yassin IM, Tahir NM, Rizman ZI, Karbasi M. Comparison between binary particles swarm optimization ...

  18. Orbital metastases of prostatic carcinoma in a tropical African ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Among adults, orbital metastases are most commonly of epithelial origin and it would seem that orbital metastases are site specific, being not just a part of bony metastasesl'zi3'4isi". Several epithelial tumours have been documented to show or~ bital metastases, including oesophageal', breast 8, pancreatic9 and lung10 ...

  19. Experiment list: SRX190250 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available C-terminus of YY1 of human origin. Antibody Target: YY1 || antibody targetdescription=YY1 is a ubiquitously distributed...tdescription=YY1 is a ubiquitously distributed transcription factor belonging to the GLI-Kruppel class of zi

  20. The Leibniz-Hopf algebra and Lyndon words

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M. Hazewinkel (Michiel)

    1996-01-01

    textabstractLet ${cal Z$ denote the free associative algebra ${ol Z langle Z_1 , Z_2 , ldots rangle$ over the integers. This algebra carries a Hopf algebra structure for which the comultiplication is $Z_n mapsto Sigma_{i+j=n Z_i otimes Z_j$. This the noncommutative Leibniz-Hopf algebra. It carries a

  1. Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences - Vol 9, No 3S (2017)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Performance evaluation of faster R-CNN on GPU for object detection · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. B. Adam, F.H.K. Zaman, I.M. Yassin, H.Z. Abidin, Z.I. Rizman, 909-923 ...

  2. West Europe Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-05-26

    area of responsibility, comprises lastly the preparation and fulfillment of defense functions which, in crises and in war, remain within the realm...francs (part du gfoupe entre parenthesesl. Effects of Big Contracts Better Strike Force L’EFFET DES GROS CONTRATS 80 70 60 50 ZiWi*i\\fr-~^ fei

  3. Internet Mail Protocols

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-11-01

    to freei ohe representacion smaller and easier to understand. August 13, 1982 seictnoRFC #822 oRn Standard for ARPA Internet Text Messages 1...WhoZiWhatZit Cordon-Bleu>, Cruses:Childs@WGBH.Boston. Galloping Gourmeto ANT.Down-Under (Australian N tional Television ), CheapLeODiscount-Liquors;, Cruisers

  4. [Financial burden of hepatitis B-related diseases and factors influencing the costs in Shenzhen, China].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liang, Sen; Zhang, Shun-xiang; Ma, Qi-shan; Xiao, He-wei; Lü, Qiu-ying; Xie, Xu; Mei, Shu-jiang; Hu, Dong-sheng; Zhou, Bo-ping; Li, Bing; Chen, Jing-fang; Cui, Fu-qiang; Wang, Fu-zhen; Liang, Xiao-feng

    2010-12-01

    To investigate the direct, indirect and intangible costs due to hepatitis B-related diseases and to explore main factors associated with the costs in Shenzhen. Cluster sampling for cases collected consecutively during the study period was administrated. Subjects were selected from eligible hepatitis B-related patients. By pre-trained professional investigators, health economics-related information was collected, using a structured questionnaire. Hospitalization expenses were obtained through hospital records after the patients were discharged from hospital. Total economic burden of hepatitis B-related patients would involve direct, indirect and intangible costs. Direct costs were further divided into direct medical costs and direct nonmedical costs. Human Capital Approach was employed to measure the indirect costs both on patients and the caregivers in 1-year time span. Willing to pay method was used to estimate the intangible costs. Multiple linear stepwise regression models were conducted to determine the factors linked to the economic burden. On average, the total annual cost of per patient with hepatitis B-related diseases was 81 590.23 RMB Yuan. Among which, direct, indirect and intangible costs were 30 914.79 Yuan (account for 37.9%), 15 258.01 Yuan (18.7%), 35 417.43 Yuan (43.4%), respectively. The total annual costs per patient for hepatocellular carcinoma, severe hepatitis B, decompensated cirrhosis, compensated cirrhosis, chronic hepatitis B and acute hepatitis B were 194 858.40 Yuan, 144 549.20 Yuan, 120 333.60 Yuan, 79 528.81 Yuan, 66 282.46 Yuan and 39 286.81 Yuan, respectively. The ratio of direct to indirect costs based on the base-case estimation foot add to 2.0:1, increased from hepato-cellular carcinoma (0.7:1) to compensated cirrhosis (3.5:1), followed by acute hepatitis B (3.3:1), severe hepatitis B (2.8:1), decompensate cirrhosis (2.3:1) and chronic hepatitis B (2.2:1). Direct medical costs were more than direct nonmedical. Ratio between the

  5. Analysis of Factors on the US Soybean Pricing in China’s Import Market – Based on principal component analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ye Zhuoying

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Using quarterly data from 2002 to 2014, based on principal component analysis, this paper studies the factors affecting the US soybean pricing in China’s import market, and results show that China’s soybean import quantity from the US has positive impact on the US soybean pricing in China’s import market, but its impact is very weak. China’s gross domestic product, China’s domestic soybean production price index, the yuan-dollar exchange rate, the yuan-Argentine peso exchange rate and the yuan-Brazilian real exchange rate have negative impact on the US soybean pricing in China’s import market. According to this, there are some recommendations: maintain the growth of gross domestic product; improve soybean TFP to reduce soybean producer price index reasonably; take advantage of the exchange rate mechanism effectively to adjust the cost of soybean imports.

  6. Assessment of Phosphorus Recovery from Swine Wastewater in Beijing, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qiming Wang

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available The nutrient management of phosphorus (P contained in swine wastewater is an important challenge to enhance P use efficiency. In the present study, assessment of P recovery from swine wastewater in Beijing was performed. P amounts of swine wastewater increased from 11,687 tons in 1980 to 16,237 tons in 2014. Without treatment of swine wastewater, P concentration will reach a maximum 1.20 mg/L. The maximum P recovery was 99.36% under the condition of crystallization coupled BPR (biological phosphorus removal when the operating conditions were 60.6 mg/L for Cp (initial P concentration (mg/L, 1.2 for Mg/P (magnesium-to-P molar ratio, 9.7 for pH of crystallization process, and 8.0 for pH, 1.6 h for anaerobic stage time, 15 days for sludge retention time of BPR. The P concentration for water quality was 0.03 mg/L to meet the water regulation standard. Under this situation, if the target P concentration were set as Grade II and III, pig breeding numbers reached 42.07 and 95.90 million heads. Construction investments for the crystallization, BRP, and coupled methods are 411 (104 Yuan, 604,307 USD, 301 (104 Yuan, 442,580 USD, and 551 (104 Yuan, 810,170 USD, respectively. The running costs are 15.205 (104 Yuan/year, 22,360 USD/year, 28.907 (104 Yuan/year, 42,500 USD/year and 44.112 (104 Yuan/year, 64,860 USD/year. To manage non-point pollution, swine wastewater treatment facilities should be used and pig breeding numbers should be managed within reasonable ranges.

  7. Public health benefits of reducing air pollution in Shanghai: a proof-of-concept methodology with application to BenMAP.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Voorhees, A Scott; Wang, Jiandong; Wang, Cuicui; Zhao, Bin; Wang, Shuxiao; Kan, Haidong

    2014-07-01

    In recent years, levels of particulate matter (PM) air pollution in China have been relatively high, exceeding China's Class II standards in many cities and impacting public health. This analysis takes Chinese health impact functions and underlying health incidence, applies 2010-2012 modeled and monitored PM air quality data, and estimates avoided cases of mortality and morbidity in Shanghai, assuming achievement of China's Class II air quality standards. In Shanghai, the estimated avoided all cause mortality due to PM10 ranged from 13 to 55 cases per day and from 300 to 800 cases per year. The estimated avoided impact on hospital admissions due to PM10 ranged from 230 cases to 580 cases per day and from 5400 to 7900 per year. The estimated avoided impact on all cause mortality due to PM2.5 ranged from 6 to 26 cases per day and from 39 to 1400 per year. The estimated impact on all cause mortality of a year exposure to an annual or monthly mean PM2.5 concentration ranged from 180 to 3500 per year. In Shanghai, the avoided cases of all cause mortality had an estimated monetary value ranging from 170 million yuan (1 US dollar=4.2 yuan Purchasing Power Parity) to 1200 million yuan. Avoided hospital admissions had an estimated value from 20 to 43 million yuan. Avoided emergency department visits had an estimated value from 5.6 million to 15 million yuan. Avoided outpatient visits had an estimated value from 21 million to 31 million yuan. In this analysis, available data were adequate to estimate avoided health impacts and assign monetary value. Sufficient supporting documentation was available to construct and format data sets for use in the United States Environmental Protection Agency's health and environmental assessment model, known as the Environmental Benefits Mapping and Analysis Program - Community Edition ("BenMAP-CE"). Published by Elsevier B.V.

  8. [Communique on fulfillment of 1979 economic plan].

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-04-30

    In 1979 China's total industrial and agricultural output value reached 617,500 million yuan, exceeding the economic plan by 1.5%. National income was 337,000 million yuan, which was 7% over 1978. This progress was achieved under the leadership of the Communist Party of China and the people's government through conscientious implementation of the policy of readjustment, restructuring, consolidation, and improvement in the national economy. Discussion of the 1979 economic plan focuses on the following: industry; agriculture; capital construction; transport and post and telecommunications; domestic trade; foreign trade and tourism; science and technology and education and culture; health work and sports; the people's livelihood; and the population. The total 1979 industrial output value was 459,100 million yuan, 0.6% above the plan and 8.5% over 1978. The rate of increase of light industry exceeded that of heavy industry. Plans were met or surpassed for the output of 89 of 100 major products. The total value of agricultural output for 1979 was 158,400 million yuan, 4.2% above the plan and 8.6% higher than the previous year. The fixed assets turned over for use by capital construction units all over China came to 41,800 million yuan, a 17.4% increase over 1978. In 1979 the volume of railway freight transport was 558,800 million ton-kilometers, a 4.8% increase over 1978. The value of commodities purchased by commercial departments totaled 199,240 million yuan, topping 1978 by 14.5%. China had a population of 970.92 million by the end of 1979, 12.83 million people more than the 1978 figure. The birth rate was 17.9/1000 and the death rate was 6.2/1000. China's natural population growth rate was 11.7/1000.

  9. Biocompatibility of polymer-infiltrated-ceramic-network (PICN) materials with Human Gingival Keratinocytes (HGKs).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grenade, Charlotte; De Pauw-Gillet, Marie-Claire; Pirard, Catherine; Bertrand, Virginie; Charlier, Corinne; Vanheusden, Alain; Mainjot, Amélie

    2017-03-01

    Biocompatibility of polymer-infiltrated-ceramic-network (PICN) materials, a new class of CAD-CAM composites, is poorly explored in the literature, in particular, no data are available regarding Human Gingival Keratinocytes (HGK). The first objective of this study was to evaluate the in vitro biocompatibility of PICNs with HGKs in comparison with other materials typically used for implant prostheses. The second objective was to correlate results with PICN monomer release and indirect cytotoxicity. HGK attachment, proliferation and spreading on PICN, grade V titanium (Ti), yttrium zirconia (Zi), lithium disilicate glass-ceramic (eM) and polytetrafluoroethylene (negative control) discs were evaluated using a specific insert-based culture system. For PICN and eM samples, monomer release in the culture medium was quantified by high performance liquid chromatography and indirect cytotoxicity tests were performed. Ti and Zi exhibited the best results regarding HGK viability, number and coverage. eM showed inferior results while PICN showed statistically similar results to eM but also to Ti regarding cell number and to Ti and Zi regarding cell viability. No monomer release from PICN discs was found, nor indirect cytotoxicity, as for eM. The results confirmed the excellent behavior of Ti and Zi with gingival cells. Even if polymer based, PICN materials exhibited intermediate results between Ti-Zi and eM. These promising results could notably be explained by PICN high temperature-high pressure (HT-HP) innovative polymerization mode, as confirmed by the absence of monomer release and indirect cytotoxicity. Copyright © 2017 The Academy of Dental Materials. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  10. A feasible DY conjugate gradient method for linear equality constraints

    Science.gov (United States)

    LI, Can

    2017-09-01

    In this paper, we propose a feasible conjugate gradient method for solving linear equality constrained optimization problem. The method is an extension of the Dai-Yuan conjugate gradient method proposed by Dai and Yuan to linear equality constrained optimization problem. It can be applied to solve large linear equality constrained problem due to lower storage requirement. An attractive property of the method is that the generated direction is always feasible and descent direction. Under mild conditions, the global convergence of the proposed method with exact line search is established. Numerical experiments are also given which show the efficiency of the method.

  11. Synthesis evaluation with entire-array-polygon method to ecological economic system of Funing County in Jiangsu Province.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Shuyu; Bian, Xinmin

    2007-04-01

    Based on the theory of ecological footprint this paper analyzed the ecological economic system in Funing County in the view of demands of economic system to natural resource and supply of ecosystem for natural resources. It was proposed that the concept of ecological deficit (ecological remainder) per ten thousands yuan GDP be used to evaluate development of ecological economic system. With a synthesis appraisement to the ecological economic system using entire-array-polygon method combined with Ulanowicz development ability and with ecological deficit (ecological remainder) per ten thousands yuan GDP, it provides a theoretical base for reconstructing and managing of demonstration eco-region.

  12. In vitro cytotoxicity and induction of apoptosis by silica nanoparticles in human HepG2 hepatoma cells

    OpenAIRE

    Yuan, Yuan; Lu,Xun; Qian,Jiangchao; Zhou,Huanjun; Gan,Qi; Tang,Wei; Lu,Jingxiong; Liu,Changsheng

    2011-01-01

    Xun Lu2,3, Jiangchao Qian1, Huanjun Zhou2,3, Qi Gan2,3, Wei Tang1, Jingxiong Lu3, Yuan Yuan1,2, Changsheng Liu1–31State Key Laboratory of Bioreactor Engineering, 2Key Laboratory for Ultrafine Materials of Ministry of Education, 3Engineering Research Center for Biomedical Materials of Ministry of Education, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai, People’s Republic of ChinaBackground: Silica nanoparticles have been discovered to exert cytotoxicity and indu...

  13. Periodic Solution of the Hematopoiesis Equation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ji-Huan He

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Wu and Liu (2012 presented some results for the existence and uniqueness of the periodic solutions for the hematopoiesis model. This paper gives a simple approach to find an approximate period of the model.

  14. 76 FR 55909 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-09

    ... Type: New NVO & OFF License. M & D Global Logistics, Inc. (NVO), 2211 S. Hacienda Blvd., Suite 200D, Hacienda Heights, CA 91745, Officers: Jeffrey Wu, Treasurer/CFO/ Director (Qualifying Individual), Bofei...

  15. 1 - 6_Abubakar and Muhammad_1

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    Navarro, 2000; Wu et al., 2005). Low phosphorus availability of many tropical and subtropical soils in combination with insufficient P fertilizer applicationhas been identified as one of the major factors responsible for low yields. (Kretzchmar et.

  16. Genetics Home Reference: Potocki-Shaffer syndrome

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... This Page Hall CR, Wu Y, Shaffer LG, Hecht JT. Familial case of Potocki-Shaffer syndrome associated ... Sue WC, Sheffield LJ, Irons M, Gomez EG, Hecht JT, Potocki L, Shaffer LG. Construction of a ...

  17. Journal of Biosciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    236 Article. Silencing of HMGA2 promotes apoptosis and inhibits migration and invasion of prostate cancer cells · Zhan Shi Ding Wu Run Tang Xiang Li Renfu Chen Song Xue Chengjing Zhang Xiaoqing Sun · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF.

  18. Evaluation of the Suspending Properties of the Co- precipitate of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    filtered through a clean muslin cloth to obtain a viscous filtrate (gum). The filtrate ..... Form Design, Churchill Livingston, Spain; 2007. Chap. 23; pp 383-405. 2. ... Wu S. Interfacial energy, structure and adhesion between polymers. In: Paul Dr.

  19. Requirement for capsule in colonization by Streptococcus pneumoniae

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Magee, A D; Yother, J

    2001-01-01

    .... Using isolates containing defined mutations in the S. pneumoniae capsule locus, we found that expression of the capsular polysaccharide is essential for colonization by the type 2 strain D39 and the type 3 strains A66 and WU2...

  20. Intellectual Property Experimentalism By Way Of Competition Law

    OpenAIRE

    Tim Wu

    2013-01-01

    Competition law and Intellectual Property have divergent intellectual cultures–the former more pragmatic and experimentalist; the latter influenced by natural law and vested rights. Tim Wu (US Federal Trade Commission)

  1. Autism and green space_clean

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — Autism and green space metrics in California elementary school districts. This dataset is associated with the following publication: Wu, J., and L. Jackson. Inverse...

  2. WHAT IS THE ANCIENT KOREAN RELIGION?

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    RICHARD D. MCBRIDE, II

    2006-01-01

    ...,” however, never use the term “shaman” (Kor. mu, Ch. wu) to describe the ritual and religious specialists, and yet they depict many kinds of beliefs and practices that we would call “religious...

  3. Identification of bacterial strains in viili by molecular taxonomy and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Identification of bacterial strains in viili by molecular taxonomy and their synergistic effects on milk curd and exopolysaccharides production. T Chen, Q Tan, M Wang, S Xiong, S Jiang, Q Wu, S Li, C Luo, H Wei ...

  4. Frequency-domain criterion for the chaos synchronization of time ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    domain criterion for ... Wu1 2 Yun Chen1. College of Electronic Engineering, Naval University of Engineering, Wuhan 430033, People's Republic of China; Guangzhou Naval Marine Academy, Guangzhou 510430, People's Republic of China ...

  5. Women and the Elements: The Role of Women in Element and Fission Discoveries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spradley, Joseph L.

    1989-01-01

    Describes the scientific work of several women, including Marie Curie, Lise Meitner, Ida Noddack, Irene Curie, Marguerite Perey, Chien-Shiung Wu, and Maria Mayer. Discusses the connections between their discoveries. Thirty-six references are listed. (YP)

  6. Editorial-Sharing Clinical Trial Data: A Proposal from the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Darren B Taichman, Joyce Backus, Christopher Baethge, Howard Bauchner, Peter W de Leeuw, Jeffrey M Drazen, John Fletcher, Frank A Frizelle, Trish Groves, Abraham Haileamlak, Astrid James, Christine Laine, Larry Peiperl, Anja Pinborg, Peush Sahni, Sinan Wu ...

  7. African Journal of Biotechnology - Vol 8, No 18 (2009)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Numerical investigation of flow characteristics and irradiance history in a novel photobioreactor · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. L.B Wu, Y.Z Song ...

  8. Pop / Andri Riid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Riid, Andri, 1972-

    2008-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: Nice Try "Nice Try", Wu Tang Clan "8 Diagrams", Niki "Äike päike", Röövel Ööbik "Popsubterranea", Tijuana Mon Amour Broadcasting Inc. "Cold Jubilee (of the Snowqueen), "Holy Fuck "LP"

  9. Media and Security Team

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — The Media And Security Team led by Prof. Min Wu was established in Fall 2001 at University of Maryland, College Park. A number of research and education activities...

  10. Dancing with the Stars: An Asterid NLR Family.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rathjen, John P; Dodds, Peter N

    2017-10-10

    Wu and co-workers show how a network of sensor and helper NOD-like receptor proteins (NLRs) act together to confer robust resistance to diverse plant pathogens. Crown Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  11. NEW DATA ON SPIDERS (ARACHNIDA: ARANEI FROM SOUTH-WESTERN MONGOLIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. A. Fomichev

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available New records of 12 species found in Mongolia for the first time are provided. One of them – Dipoena yutian Hu et Wu, 1989 – previously known only from Xinjiang Province of China is illustrated.

  12. Lead Test

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... poison you. Most lead is present as an inorganic compound and does not move well through the ... D. R., Editors (© 2006). Contemporary Practice in Clinical Chemistry: AACC Press, Washington, DC. Pp 474. Wu, A. (© ...

  13. Multifunctional Flexible Composites Based on Continuous Carbon Nanotube Fiber

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-07-28

    emitters, solid-phase microextraction and catalysis . Different from graphene- based aerogels (GBAs) and membranes (GBMs), GBFs have demonstrated...nanotube dry-spun yarns, Carbon, 48, 2802–2811, 2010. 22. A. S. Wu and T. -W. Chou. Carbon nanotube fibers for advanced composites, Materials Today , 15...Applied Physics Letters, 100, 201908, 2012. 8. A. S. Wu and T. -W. Chou. Carbon nanotube fibers for advanced composites, Materials Today , 15, 302

  14. Synthesis of spiro[pyrazolo[3,4-b] pyridine-4,3 -indoline] and spiro ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    22 6031. 18. Sharma G V M, Reddy J J, Lakshmi P S and Krishna. P R 2004 Tetrahedron Lett. 45 7729. 19. Wu L Q, Yang X J, Wang X and Yan F L 2010 J. Sulfur. Chem. 31 509. 20. Bigdeli M A, Heravi M M and Mahdavinia G H 2007. Catal. Commun. 8 1595. 21. Sun P L, Fang L Z and Wu L Q 2011 J. Sulfur Chem. 32. 257.

  15. Development of Mouse Models of Ovarian Cancer for Studying Tumor Biology and Testing Novel Molecularly Targeted Therapeutic Strategies

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-01

    Fonseca BD, Sonenberg N. Dissecting the role of mTOR: lessons from mTOR inhibitors. Biochim Biophys Acta 2010;1804:433–9. 22. Chen XG, Liu F, Song XF...FROM THE RESEARCH EFFORT: Kathleen R. Cho (Initiating PI) Yali Zhai (Research Investigator, Cho Laboratory) Rong Wu (Research Assistant Professor...Clin Cancer Res Rong Wu, Tom C. Hu, Alnawaz Rehemtulla, et al. Mouse Model of Ovarian Endometrioid Adenocarcinoma Preclinical Testing of PI3K/AKT

  16. NFAT Signaling and the Tumorigenic Microenvironment of the Prostate

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-10-01

    visible tumors. Interestingly, all double mutants (PCre/+;RT/+;TN/+;Ptenfl/fl) with both PTEN deficiency and NFATc1 activation developed significantly...Wyczalkowski, Kristine Wylie, Kai Ye, Reyka Jayasinghe, Mingchao Xie, Song Wu, Beifang Niu, Robert Grubb III, Kimberly J. Johnson, Hiram Gay , Ken Chen...Wyczalkowski, Kristine Wylie, Kai Ye, Reyka Jayasinghe, Mingchao Xie, Song Wu, Beifang Niu, Robert Grubb III, Kimberly J. Johnson, Hiram Gay , Ken

  17. A Survey of Statistical Machine Translation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-04-01

    which represent links about which annotators were uncertain, in particular “ idiomatic expressions , free translations, and missing function words” (Och...translational equivalence less computationally expensive than FST models (Wu, 1996). Numerous different approaches to SMT can be expressed in the SCFG... express the reordering relationship. A canonical example of this is the so-called inside-outside alignment, which is illustrated in Figure 9. Wu (1995b

  18. Application of Advanced Sensor Technology to DoD Soil Vapor Intrusion Problems

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-01

    from 0.01 to 3.9 µg/m3 (0.002 to 0.71 ppb) with a mean of 0.88 µg/m3 (0.16 ppb) (Wu and Schaum , 2000). TCE air concentrations in urban areas were...from Sorption-based Sensor Arrays to Identify and Quantify the Composition of Analyte Mixtures, Langmuir, 23:13232-13241. Wu, C. and J. Schaum

  19. The efficacy and characteristics of warm-up and re-warm-up practices in soccer players: a systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hammami, Amri; Zois, James; Slimani, Maamer; Russel, Mark; Bouhlel, Ezdine

    2018-01-01

    This review aimed 1) to evaluate the current research that examines the efficacy of warm-up (WU) and re-warm-up (RWU) on physical performance; and 2) to highlight the WU and RWU characteristics that optimise subsequent performance in soccer players. A computerized search was performed in the PubMed, ScienceDirect and Google Scholar (from 1995 to December 2015) for English-language, peer-reviewed investigations using the terms "soccer" OR "football" AND "warm-up" OR "stretching" OR "post-activation potentiation" OR "pre-activity" OR "re-warm-up" AND "performance" OR "jump" OR "sprint" OR "running". Twenty seven articles were retrieved. Particularly, 22 articles examined the effects of WU on soccer performance and 5 articles focused on the effects of RWU. Clear evidence exists supporting the inclusion of dynamic stretching or postactivation potentiation-based exercises within a WU as acute performance enhancements were reported (pooled estimate changes of +3.46% and +4.21%, respectively). The FIFA 11+ WU also significantly increases strength, jump, speed and explosive performances (changes from 1% to 20%). At half-time, active RWU protocols including postactivation potentiation practices and multidirectional speed drills attenuate temperature and performance reductions induced by habitual practice. The data obtained in the present review showed that the level of play did not moderate the effectiveness of WU and RWU on soccer performance. This review demonstrated that a static stretching WU reduced acute subsequent performance, while WU activities that include dynamic stretching, PAP-based exercises, and the FIFA 11+ can elicit positive effects in soccer players. The efficacy of an active RWU during half-time is also justified.

  20. SPECTROSCOPIC PROPRIETIES OF CRYSTALS MF2 (M=Cd, Sr ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    30 juin 2012 ... [1] Ivanov S. P., Buchinskaya I. I. and Fedorov P.P. Distribution coefficients of impurities in Cdamium Fluoride. Inorganic Materials. 2000, 36(4), 484-488. [2] Vladimirov S.V. Characateristics of BaF2 scintillations crystals. Atomic Energy. 2001, 90(1), 55-62. [3] Wu X. and Wu Z. Theoretical calculations of the ...

  1. Quadric Resistive Sheet Profile for Wideband Antennas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Z. Raida

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available A new type of a nonreflecting resistive dipole antenna with quadric continuous resistivity profile is presented in this paper. The antenna is mathematically described and compared with the antenna originally proposed by Wu and King. The verification of a proposed theory and the comparison between Wu-King and quadric profile are carried out by simulation models that were designed for this purpose. The attention is turned to the proper attenuation of a wave excited on the resistive sheet, especially.

  2. Unearthing the Past

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bagger-Petersen, Mai Corlin

    2013-01-01

    Wu Wenguang, considered the father of independent Chinese documentary film, has since 2005 slowly but surely been handing over the camera to people on the margins and to younger generations of Chinese documentary filmmaking. In 2010 Wu and Caochangdi Workstation initiated the Folk Memory Document...... Documentary Project, where young filmmakers go to the countryside to gather and document memories of the Great Famine (1959-1961) from elderly villagers....

  3. The Role of Seat Belt in the Prevention of Fatalities and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    TNHJOURNALPH

    while the leut incidences were reoorded in. 2005 and 2006.The year of peak fatality index was 2005 and the leut wu 2009. The higbut number of death wu recorded in 2008 and tho lowestin2006(figuloe 2). Table 3: Meaa, 8taDdard deviation v.m. of RTA ouMmn• fur Pnl aDd Potlt- tmforaem.entperi.oda. Ple-...oJ!D . 1'111.

  4. Substance abuse and rehabilitation: responding to the global burden of diseases attributable to substance abuse

    OpenAIRE

    Li-Tzy Wu

    2010-01-01

    Li-Tzy Wu*Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University School of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA *Li-Tzy Wu is the Editor-in-Chief of Substance Abuse and RehabilitationAbstract: Alcohol, tobacco, and illegal drug use are pervasive throughout the world. Substance use problems are among the major contributors to the global disease burden, which includes disability and mortality. The benefits of treatment far outweigh the economic costs. Despite the...

  5. Treatment of TBI and Concomitant Hemorrhage with Ghrelin

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-01

    Hemorrhage with Ghrelin PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR: Rongqian Wu CONTRACTING ORGANIZATION: The Feinstein Institute for Medical Research...Concomitant Hemorrhage with Ghrelin 5b. GRANT NUMBER W81XWH-09-1-0400 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) 5d. PROJECT NUMBER Rongqian Wu...concomitantly due to multiple injuries. In this project, we determined the long-term effect of ghrelin , a ‘gut-brain’ hormone, in a highly military

  6. AFOSR BRI: Co-Design of Hardware/Software for Predicting MAV Aerodynamics

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-09-27

    AFRL-AFOSR-VA-TR-2016-0329 AFOSR BRI: Co-Design of Hardware/Software for Predicting MAV Aerodynamics Wu-Chun Feng VIRGINIA POLYTECHNIC INST AND... Aerodynamics FA9550-12-1-0442 BAA-AFOSR-2012-0001 Feng, Wu-Chun VIRGINIA POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE & STATE UNIVERSITY VIRGINIA TECH 1880 PRATT DR STE 2006...unstructured grid motifs found in computational fluid dynamics (CFD) in support of aerodynamic predictions for micro-air vehicles (MAVs). While many

  7. Performance-intensity functions of Mandarin word recognition tests in noise: test dialect and listener language effects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Danzheng; Shi, Lu-Feng

    2013-06-01

    This study established the performance-intensity function for Beijing and Taiwan Mandarin bisyllabic word recognition tests in noise in native speakers of Wu Chinese. Effects of the test dialect and listeners' first language on psychometric variables (i.e., slope and 50%-correct threshold) were analyzed. Thirty-two normal-hearing Wu-speaking adults who used Mandarin since early childhood were compared to 16 native Mandarin-speaking adults. Both Beijing and Taiwan bisyllabic word recognition tests were presented at 8 signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs) in 4-dB steps (-12 dB to +16 dB). At each SNR, a half list (25 words) was presented in speech-spectrum noise to listeners' right ear. The order of the test, SNR, and half list was randomized across listeners. Listeners responded orally and in writing. Overall, the Wu-speaking listeners performed comparably to the Mandarin-speaking listeners on both tests. Compared to the Taiwan test, the Beijing test yielded a significantly lower threshold for both the Mandarin- and Wu-speaking listeners, as well as a significantly steeper slope for the Wu-speaking listeners. Both Mandarin tests can be used to evaluate Wu-speaking listeners. Of the 2, the Taiwan Mandarin test results in more comparable functions across listener groups. Differences in the performance-intensity function between listener groups and between tests indicate a first language and dialectal effect, respectively.

  8. An inductive narrow-pulse RFID telemetry system for gastric slow waves monitoring.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Javan-Khoskholgh, Amir; Abukhalaf, Zaid; Ji Li; Miller, Larry S; Kiani, Mehdi; Farajidavar, Aydin

    2016-08-01

    We present a passive data telemetry system for real-time monitoring of gastric electrical activity of a living subject. The system is composed of three subsystems: an implantable unit (IU), a wearable unit (WU), and a stationary unit (SU). Data communication between the IU and WU is based on a radio-frequency identification (RFID) link operating at 13.56 MHz. Since wireless power transmission and reverse data telemetry system share the same inductive interface, a load shift keying (LSK)-based differential pulse position (DPP) coding data communication with only 6.25% duty cycle is developed to guarantee consistent wireless downlink power transmission and uplink high data transfer rate, simultaneously. The clock and data are encoded into one signal by an MSP430 microcontroller (MCU) at the IU side. This signal is sent to the WU through the inductive link, where decoded by an MSP432 MCU. Finally, the retrieved data at the WU are transmitted to the SU connected to a PC via a 2.4 GHz transceiver for real-time display and analysis. The results of the measurements on the implemented test bench, demonstrate IU-WU 125 kb/s and WU-SU 2 Mb/s data transmission rate with no observed mismatch, while the data stream was randomly generated, and matching between the transmitted data by the IU and received by the SU verified by a custom-made automated software.

  9. Uncertainty of Wheat Water Use: Simulated Patterns and Sensitivity to Temperature and CO2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cammarano, Davide; Roetter, Reimund P.; Asseng, Senthold; Ewert, Frank; Wallach, Daniel; Martre, Pierre; Hatfield, Jerry L.; Jones, James W.; Rosenzweig, Cynthia E.; Ruane, Alex C.; hide

    2016-01-01

    Projected global warming and population growth will reduce future water availability for agriculture. Thus, it is essential to increase the efficiency in using water to ensure crop productivity. Quantifying crop water use (WU; i.e. actual evapotranspiration) is a critical step towards this goal. Here, sixteen wheat simulation models were used to quantify sources of model uncertainty and to estimate the relative changes and variability between models for simulated WU, water use efficiency (WUE, WU per unit of grain dry mass produced), transpiration efficiency (Teff, transpiration per kg of unit of grain yield dry mass produced), grain yield, crop transpiration and soil evaporation at increased temperatures and elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations ([CO2]). The greatest uncertainty in simulating water use, potential evapotranspiration, crop transpiration and soil evaporation was due to differences in how crop transpiration was modelled and accounted for 50 of the total variability among models. The simulation results for the sensitivity to temperature indicated that crop WU will decline with increasing temperature due to reduced growing seasons. The uncertainties in simulated crop WU, and in particularly due to uncertainties in simulating crop transpiration, were greater under conditions of increased temperatures and with high temperatures in combination with elevated atmospheric [CO2] concentrations. Hence the simulation of crop WU, and in particularly crop transpiration under higher temperature, needs to be improved and evaluated with field measurements before models can be used to simulate climate change impacts on future crop water demand.

  10. Physiological and Psychophysical Responses to Listening to Music during Warm-Up and Circuit-Type Resistance Exercise in Strength Trained Men

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamid Arazi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of listening to music during warm-up and resistance exercise on physiological (heart rate and blood pressure and psychophysical (rating of perceived exertion responses in trained athletes. Twelve strength trained male participants performed warm-up and resistance exercise without music (WU+RE without M, warm-up and resistance exercise with music (WU+RE with M, WU with M and RE without M, and WU without M and RE with M, with 48 hours space between sessions. After completing each session, the rating of perceived exertion (RPE was measured. Also, heart rate (HR, systolic (SBP and diastolic blood pressure (DBP, mean arterial pressure (MAP, and rate pressure product (RPP were assessed before, after, and 15, 30, 45, and 60 min after exercise. Results indicated that RPE was higher for WU+RE without M condition in comparison with other conditions. All conditions showed increases in cardiovascular variables after exercise. The responses of HR, SBP, and RPP were higher for WU+RE without M condition. Thus, using music during warm-up and resistance exercise is a legal method for decreasing RPE and cardiovascular responses due to resistance exercise.

  11. Facile synthesis of hypercrosslinked resins via chloromethylation ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Administrator

    Facile synthesis of hypercrosslinked resins via chloromethylation and continuous condensation of simple aryl molecules. XIAOYAN ZHANG, QIU JIN, LIBO DAI and SIGUO YUAN*. School of Chemical Engineering and Energy, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450001, P.R. China. MS received 11 January 2010; revised 17 ...

  12. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ebutamanya

    7. PubMed | Google Scholar. 4. Whittier WL, Korbet SM. Timing of complications in percutaneous renal biopsy. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2004 Jan;. 15(1):142-7. PubMed | Google Scholar. 5. Stiles KP, Yuan CM, Chung EM, Lyon RD, ...

  13. A heat kernel version of Cowling–Price theorem for the Laguerre ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    The author expresses his gratitude to the reviewer for his valued suggestions. This work is supported by the TianYuan Special Funds of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 10926061). References. [1] Bloom W R and Heyer H, Harmonic analysis of probability measures on hypergroups, de Gruyter ...

  14. Straightforward synthesis of hyperbranched polymer/graphene ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science; Volume 35; Issue 5. Straightforward synthesis of hyperbranched polymer/graphene nanocomposites from graphite oxide via in situ grafting from approach. Qiuhong Xu Yiwen Gong Yuan Fang Guohua Jiang Yin Wang Xinke Sun Rijing Wang. Volume 35 Issue 5 October 2012 ...

  15. Probing High School Students' Cognitive Structures and Key Areas of Learning Difficulties on Ethanoic Acid Using the Flow Map Method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Qing; Wang, Tingting; Zheng, Qi

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was primarily to explore high school students' cognitive structures and to identify their learning difficulties on ethanoic acid through the flow map method. The subjects of this study were 30 grade 1 students from Dong Yuan Road Senior High School in Xi'an, China. The interviews were conducted a week after the students…

  16. Vocal Markers of Motor, Cognitive, and Depressive Symptoms in Parkinson’s Disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-05-02

    Song X, Yuan Y, Li E, Liu J, Liu W, Liu Y (2015) Abnormal functional connectivity of the amygdala is associated with depression in Parkinson’s...Kaplan E, Goodglass, H., & Weintraub, S. (1983) The Boston Diagnostic Aphasia Examination, Lea & Febiger, Philadelphia, PA. [42] Mehta DD RD

  17. Effect of plasmin and heparin on in vitro ovine sperm- oocyte ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    STORAGESEVER

    2009-08-04

    Aug 4, 2009 ... vascula remodeling and cellular differentiation (Mayer,. 1990; Lijnen, 2001). Also, previous research reported that plasmin stimulates the activation of PLA2, a calcium- dependent enzyme that plays an essential role in ZP- induced exocytosis in mammalian sperm (Guerette et al.,. 1988; Yuan et al., 2003).

  18. New NaSrPO4: Sm 3 phosphor as orange-red emitting material

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. KUN-HSIEN CHEN1 MIN-HANG WENG2 RU-YUAN YANG2 CHENG-TANG PAN1. Department of Mechanical and Electro-Mechanical Engineering, National Sun Yat-Sen University, Kaohsiung County 804, Taiwan; Graduate Institute of Materials Engineering, National Pingtung University of Science and ...

  19. 78 FR 6291 - Initiation of Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Administrative Reviews and Request for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-30

    .... Cheng Du Wai Yuan Bee Products Co., Ltd. Chengdu Stone Dynasty Art Stone Damco China Limited Qingdao... Products, Ltd. Hangzhou Hanje Tec Co., Ltd Hunchun Forest Wolf Wooden Industry Co., Ltd. Huzhou Chenghang... Wood Co., Ltd. Jiazing Brilliant Import & Export Co., Ltd. Jilin Forest Industry Jinqiao Flooring Group...

  20. Effect of recombinant human erythropoietin expressions of apoptosis ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Effect of recombinant human erythropoietin expressions of apoptosis genes in rats following traumatic brain injury. Xuesong Yuan1*, Xiaoxing Bian1, Wenfeng Wei1, Yin Tang2 and Qing Bao1. 1Department of Neurosurgery, 2Department of Pathology, The Affiliated Wujin Hospital of Jiangsu University, Changzhou. Jiangsu ...

  1. Existence of pareto equilibria for multiobjective games without compactness

    OpenAIRE

    Shiraishi, Yuya; Kuroiwa, Daishi

    2013-01-01

    In this paper, we investigate the existence of Pareto and weak Pareto equilibria for multiobjective games without compactness. By employing an existence theorem of Pareto equilibria due to Yu and Yuan([10]), several existence theorems of Pareto and weak Pareto equilibria for the multiobjective games are established in a similar way to Flores-B´azan.

  2. Proceedings of the Department of Defense Breast Cancer Research Program Meeting for Era of Hope, Held in Baltimore, Maryland on 25-28 June 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-06-01

    BREAST CANCER BY LOCALIZED THERAPY UTILIZING BIOCOMPATIBLE MAGNETIC FLUIDS Cahit Ahmet Evrensel University of Nevada, Reno Classical cancer...ERYTHROPOIETIN RECEPTOR BY GENETICALLY ENGINEERED BONE MARROW- DERIVED MESENCHYMAL STROMAL CELLS Nicoletta Eliopoulos,1 Shala Yuan,1 Claudia...P44-11 Evrensel, Cahit Ahmet .............................................................. P17-14 Ewald, Andrew J

  3. Earnings Expectation and Graduate Employment: Evidence from Recent Chinese College Graduates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Po, Yang

    2011-01-01

    Chinese college graduates have faced increasing labor market competition since the expansion of tertiary education. Given rigid market demand, graduates with realistic earnings expectations may experience a more efficient job search. Using the 2008 MYCOS College Graduate Employment Survey, this study finds that a 1000 yuan reduction in a…

  4. Role of Sleep Deprivation in Fear Conditioning and Extinction: Implications for Treatment of PTSD

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-10-01

    Diego area, completed the study, and were included in these analyses (age 24.1 5.0 years, 42% female, 37% racial/ ethnic minority). In addition, one...Vieira R, Yuan P, Wang Y, Wei Y, Falke C, et al. Glutamate receptors as targets of protein kinase C in the pathophysiology and treatment of animal models

  5. Intracellular localization of Na /H antiporter from Malus zumi (MzNHX1)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    PRECIOUS

    2009-12-15

    Dec 15, 2009 ... 1Institute for Horticultural Plants, China Agricultural University/a Key Laboratory of Beijing Municipality of Stress. Physiology and Molecular Biology for Fruit Tree; No. 2 Yuan ... subcellular localization of MzNHX1 under laser scanning confocal microscope. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION. Observed under the ...

  6. Rapid identification of the medicinal plant Taraxacum formosanum ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Administrator

    2011-06-06

    Jun 6, 2011 ... College J. 8: 35-46. Xue CY, Li DZ, Lu JM, Yang JB, Liu JQ (2006). Molecular authentication of the traditional Tibetan medical plant Swertia mussotii. Planta Med. 72: 721-726. Yuan CC (2001). Textual research of material medica Taraxacum mongolicum and varietal identification. Chinese Wild Plant Res.

  7. Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences; Volume 120; Issue 1. Issue front cover thumbnail. Volume 120, Issue 1. February 2010, pages 1-130. pp 1-6. On the General Dedekind Sums and its Reciprocity Formula · Yuan Yi · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. In this paper, we prove an interesting reciprocity ...

  8. Browse Author Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Yuan · Hsieh, Yu-Hsiang · Hull, JC · Hung, TI · Hussey, G ... Jani, I · Janse van Rensburg, E · Jarvis, JN · Jeenah, FY · John, M A · John, M-A · Johnson, Leigh F. Johnson, LF · Jones, L · Jones, PS · Jonsson, G · Joska, J

  9. Electrical properties of Ba 0.7 Bi 0.3 Fe 0.9 Sn 0.1 O 3–BaCo $ _ ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. Changlai Yuan1 Yun Yang1 Ying Luo2 Ling Yang1 Guohua Chen1 Xinyu Liu1. School of Material Science and Engineering, Guilin University of Electronic Technology, Guilin 541 004, People's Republic of China; Guilin Academy of Air Force, Guilin 541 004, People's Republic of China ...

  10. Lycium barbarum polysaccharide attenuates cisplatin-induced ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    cisplatin-induced apoptosis in ovary granulosa cells via alleviation of endoplasmic reticulum stress”. Li-Qiong Huang1,2, Yuan-Zhen Zhang1,2*, Bo Zheng3 and Yi He3. 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University, 2Hubei Provincial Key Laboratory of. Developmentally Originated ...

  11. Effects of Toroidal Magnetic Fields on the Thermal Instability of Thin ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. Sheng-Ming Zheng1 Feng Yuan2 Wei-Min Gu1 Ju-Fu Lu1. Department of Physics and Institute of Theoretical Physics and Astrophysics, Xiamen University, Xiamen, Fujian 361005, China. Key Laboratory for Research in Galaxies and Cosmology, Shanghai Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of ...

  12. On recent developments on the embedded atom method | Oni-Ojo ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A recent modification to the embedding function F(ρ) for bcc Lithium by Yuan et al [10] is here generalised and then characterised by a second order linear differential equation. The structure of the generalised function, unlike the embedding functions used hitherto, is sufficiently rich to allow for a Cauchy discrepancy (C12 ...

  13. [Performance evaluation of small snail control projects in Hubei Province in 2009 and 2010].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Rui; Zhu, Zhi-Hua; Huang, Xi-Bao; Tan, Xiao-Dong

    2012-08-01

    To evaluate the performance of small Oncomelania snail control projects in Hubei Province in 2009 and 2010, so as to explore the best snail control project in different areas. The expense-effect, expense-efficiency and cost-utility analyses were carried out to analyze the small snail control projects with reference to the relevant schistosomiasis japonica prevention and control index system. The coverage rate of snail control was 40.15%, the decrease rate of the snail areas was 32.86%, the unit cost for the snail control was 0.39 Yuan/m2, the cost of reducing 1% of the snail area was 67.34 ten thousand Yuan, the total benefit was 15 554.14 ten thousand Yuan, the ratio of cost to benefit was 7.03, the net benefit was 13 341.44 ten thousand Yuan, and the ratio of cost to net benefit was 6.03, and the investment ratio was 1 : 2.11 in the 183 small snail control projects. There is an obvious and respectable short-period effect of the small snail control projects.

  14. Developing an intelligent control system of automatic window motor ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    135 Yuan-Tung Road, Chung-Li, Taoyuan 32003, Taiwan; Department of Health Risk Management, China Medical University, No. 91 Hsueh-Shi Road, Taichung 40402, Taiwan; Department of Landscape Architecture, National Chin-Yi University of Technology, No.57, Chung Shan Road, Sect. II, Taiping, Taichung 41170, ...

  15. Ecosystem Service Value Assessment and Contribution Factor Analysis of Land Use Change in Miyun County, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ping Zhang

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Unreasonable land use planning can reduce ecosystem service value and result in unsustainable land use. In this paper, the changes of ecosystem service value were investigated by using the GIS and dynamic simulation model of land use in Miyun of Beijing, China, based on the land use at four time points including 1991, 2006, 2021 and one improved scenario, respectively. The results showed the total ecosystem service value of Miyun was about 2968.34 million Yuan in 1991, 3304.72 million Yuan in 2006, 3106.48 million Yuan in 2021, and 3759.77 million Yuan in the improved scenario. In terms of ecosystem service function, the functions of water supply and soil formation and retention accounted for the largest proportion, which were 19.99% and 14.58% respectively; whereas the functions of food supply and recreation and culture were only 1.83% and 5.99%, respectively. Coefficients of sensitivity for forest cover, water bodies and arable land were relatively large, which were 0.73, 0.28 and 0.14, respectively. The contribution factors of total ecosystem service value with the land use change during different periods were mainly the unused land to forest cover and arable land, which respectively accounted for more than 63% and 21% of the contribution rate. These results suggested that sustainable land use planning should be undertaken with emphasis on vegetation restoration and protection of water bodies.

  16. Estimation of Ecological Compensation Standards for Fallow Heavy Metal-Polluted Farmland in China Based on Farmer Willingness to Accept

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xue Xie

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available In the context of China’s trial fallow policy; the heavy metal pollution of farmland is addressed via field surveys in Hunan Province, where the fallow policy has been implemented, and in Jiangxi Province, where it has not been implemented. We measured and analyzed willingness to accept (WTA using the contingent valuation method (CVM. The conclusions of this study are as follows: (1 Farmer awareness of heavy metal pollution and pollution sources is higher in Jiangxi Province than in Hunan Province; (2 Ignoring the impact of other factors, the WTA of farmers is 902 (yuan /mu in Jiangxi Province and 902.26 (yuan /mu in Hunan Province. Considering the influence of the basic characteristics of the respondents using the parameter estimation method, the WTA of farmers is 839.34 (yuan/mu in Jiangxi Province and 934.39 (yuan/mu in Hunan Province. There is little difference in WTA between the two provinces, but both estimates are higher than the national compensation standards; (3 The factors that affect the WTA of farmers in Jiangxi Province are gender, education level, average annual income and per capita arable land. The factors that affect the WTA of farmers in Hunan Province are age, education level, family size, average annual income, per capita arable land area and farmer occupation; (4 At present, the means and methods of compensation for the implementation of the fallow policy are recognized by most farmers. The paper concludes with some policy suggestions based on above findings.

  17. A study of the frequency of methylation of gene promoter regions in ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ... Pingjen City, Tao-Yuan, Taiwan (Republic of China); Department of Public Health, College of Medicine, Fu-Jen Catholic University, No. 510, Jhong-Jheng Rd., Sin-Jhuang, New Taipei, Taiwan (Republic of China); Department of Health Business Administration, Meiho University, No.23, Pingguang Rd., Neipu, Pingtung, ...

  18. Fuzzy and Rough Set Approaches for Uncertainty in Spatial Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    MBRs Modeling for Reasoning about Vague Regions. PhD thesis, Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Tulane Univer- sity, New...Sensing, vol. XXXII, Commission II, pp. 503–510 (2002) [57] Wang, S., Yuan, H., Chen, G., Li, D., Shi, W.: Rough Spatial Interpretation. In: Tsu- moto

  19. Effect of substitution of titanium by magnesium and niobium on ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Administrator

    Effect of substitution of titanium by magnesium and niobium on structure and piezoelectric properties in (Bi1/2Na1/2)TiO3 ceramics. ZHOU CHANG-RONG*, LIU XIN-YU, LI WEI-ZHOU† and YUAN CHANG-LAI. Department of Information Material Science and Engineering, Guilin University of Electronic Technology,. Guilin ...

  20. Effect of substitution of titanium by magnesium and niobium on ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Administrator

    Effect of substitution of titanium by magnesium and niobium on structure and piezoelectric properties in (Bi1/2. Na1/2. )TiO3 ceramics. ZHOU CHANG-RONG*, LIU XIN-YU, LI WEI-ZHOU. † and YUAN CHANG-LAI. Department of Information Material Science and Engineering, Guilin University of Electronic Technology,. Guilin ...