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Sample records for wu hseh hui

  1. (HUI2 and HUI3) Among Type 2 Diabetes Patients

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The respondents without eye problem had higher quality of life than those with eye problem, in both HUI3 and HUI2 utility scores. Stroke was the most important patients' characteristic that negatively affected HRQOL. Patients with duration of diabetes > 4 years had lower quality of life scores than their counterparts ...

  2. Platon aujourd’hui

    OpenAIRE

    Brisson,Luc

    2014-01-01

    La plupart des textes réunis ici résultent d’un Colloque International Plato Today - Platon aujourd’hui qui s’est tenu à l’Université Paris Ouest Nanterre - La Défense, du 12 au 14 mars 2009. Ce Colloque correspondait à la rencontre à mi-parcours (mid-term) entre deux Symposia Platonica, celui de 2007 qui s’était tenu à Dublin sur le Philèbe, et celui de 2010 qui allait se tenir à Tokyo sur la République ; d’ailleurs, les deux dernières contributions ont été présentées à la séance ouverte au ...

  3. Gebruik van elektriciteit: Domotica: Huis van de toekomst: Klas 4 vwo (docentversie)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Buuren, O.; van der Lee, M.

    2009-01-01

    Deze module behandelt elektriciteit en automatisering in huis. We richten ons daarbij ook op het huis van de toekomst. Bij de elektriciteitsleer ligt de nadruk op het gebruik van elektriciteit in huis, bij de automatisering op intelligente systemen in huis.

  4. Hui Students’ Identity Construction in Eastern China: A Postcolonial Critique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuxiang Wang

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available In this article, we explored Hui students’ lived experiences in school in eastern China and the impact of their experiences on their identity construction. We used postcolonial theory as a theoretical framework and narrative inquiry as a research methodology to guide questions that we asked, data collection, data analysis, and interpretation and discussion of the findings in the study. We found that schooling for the two Hui students in eastern China is a process of reproducing mainstream Han ideology; taking away their culture, beliefs, knowledge, and identity; and imposing the mainstream Han culture and knowledge on Hui students as truth. The participants, two Hui students in an elementary school in eastern China, accepted the identity constructed by mainstream Han teachers and were confused about their Hui identity.

  5. Hui Students’ Identity Construction in Eastern China: A Postcolonial Critique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuxiang Wang

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available In this article, we explored Hui students’ lived experiences in school in eastern China and the impact of their experiences on their identity construction. We used postcolonial theory as a theoretical framework and narrative inquiry as a research methodology to guide questions that we asked, data collection, data analysis, and interpretation and discussion of the findings in the study. We found that schooling for the two Hui students in eastern China is a process of reproducing mainstream Han ideology; taking away their culture, beliefs, knowledge, and identity; and imposing the mainstream Han culture and knowledge on Hui students as truth. The participants, two Hui students in an elementary school in eastern China, accepted the identity constructed by mainstream Han teachers and were confused about their Hui identity

  6. Translation and cultural adaptation of Health Utilities Index (HUI) Mark 2 (HUI2) and Mark 3 (HUI3) with application to survivors of childhood cancer in Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shimoda, Sandra; de Camargo, Beatriz; Horsman, John; Furlong, William; Lopes, Luiz Fernando; Seber, Adriana; Barr, Ronald D

    2005-06-01

    There are few publications reporting health-related quality of life (HRQL) in developing nations. Most instruments measuring HRQL have been developed in English-speaking countries. These instruments need to be culturally adapted for use in non-English-speaking countries. The HUI2 and HUI3 are generic, preference-based systems for describing health status and HRQL. Developed in Canada, the systems have been translated into more than a dozen languages and used worldwide in hundreds of studies of clinical and general populations. The Brazilian-Portuguese translation of the HUI systems was supervised by senior HUInc staff having experience with both the HUI systems and translations. The process included two independent forward translations of the multi-attribute health status classification systems and related questionnaires, consensus between translators on a forward translation, back-translation by two independent translators of the forward translation, and review of the back-translations by original developers of the HUI. The final questionnaires were tested by surveying a sample of convenience of 50 patients recruited at the Centro de Tratamento e Pesquisa-Hospital do Cancer in São Paulo, Brazil. Fifty patients were enrolled in the study. No assessor, patient or nurse or physician, reported problems answering the HUI questionnaires. No significant differences were found in mean overall HUI2 or HUI3 utility scores among types of assessors. Variability in scores are similar to those from other studies in Latin America and Canada. Test results provide preliminary evidence that the Brazilian-Portuguese translation is acceptable, understandable, reliable and valid for assessing health-status and HRQL among survivors of cancer in childhood in Brazil.

  7. Gebruik van elektriciteit: Domotica: Huis van de toekomst: Klas 4 havo

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Buuren, O.; van der Lee, M.

    2008-01-01

    Deze module behandelt elektriciteit en automatisering in huis. We richten ons daarbij ook op het huis van de toekomst. Bij de elektriciteitsleer ligt de nadruk op het gebruik van elektriciteit in huis, bij de automatisering op intelligente systemen in huis. Er komt een vervolg module domotica 2 als

  8. La recherche alpine aujourd’hui

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Jacques Brun

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Alpine research benefits from several international coordination networks, only one of which – ISCAR (the International Scientific Committee on Research in the Alps – works solely in the Alpine arc. The creation of ISCAR is a consequence of the input and involvement of various Alpine partners around the Alpine Convention. Alpine research now aims to promote an integrated vision of Alpine territories focusing on creating and maintaining spatial and temporal networks of sustainable relationships between humans and the other components of the ecosphere. It combines resource usage with conservation of the biological and cultural diversity that makes up the Alpine identity. This article aims to show: (1 how international Alpine research coordination is organised; (2 the role played by the Alpine Convention as a framework of reference for specifically Alpine research; and (3 the role that the ISCAR international commit-tee and the Interreg “Alpine Space” programmes play in uniting research around territorial challenges relating to biodiversity conservation and territorial development.La recherche sur les Alpes bénéficie de plusieurs réseaux de coordination internationaux dont un seul, le comité international recherche alpine (ISCAR, se consacre exclusivement à l’arc alpin. La création de l’ISCAR est une retombée de la mobilisation des divers partenaires alpins autour de la mise en place de la Convention alpine. Aujourd’hui, la recherche alpine vise à promouvoir une vision intégrée des territoires centrée sur la création et le maintien d’un réseau spatial et temporel de relations durables entre les hommes et les autres composantes de l’écosphère. Elle associe étroitement la mise en valeur des ressources et la conservation des diversités biologiques et culturelles qui constituent l’identité alpine. Cet article a pour ambition de montrer : (1 comment s’organise la coordination internationale des recherches sur les

  9. [Analysis of professor WU Lianzhong's experience of neck acupoints application].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peng, Jiandong; Zheng, Hongyan; Wang, Yingshu

    2015-09-01

    Professor WU Lianzhong's experience of neck acupoints application is introduced. The characteristics,locations, acupuncture manipulations ,efficiency and main functions of neck acupoints including Tiandixue (Extra), Jingbixue (Extra), and cervical Jiaji (EX-B 2) are stated. According to the TCM thought of treatment based on syndrome differentiation,WU Lianzhong's special theory of neck acupoints application is explained so as to provide experience for improving acupuncture effects.

  10. [Dialectic research on family lineage of Wu Kun, a Xin'an famous physician].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, L; Yao, S

    2000-07-01

    The records on the family lineage of a personage in the medical circle should be as accurate as possible. In Textual Research on Xin'an Famous Doctor, it is said that the Xin'an famous physician Wu Kun was the grandson of Wu Znenglun. Through dialectic research, this saying was proved to be untrue. Wu Kun's grandfather is Wu Yuan - chang, who had no direct blood relationship with Wu Zhenglun.

  11. Hui Students' Identity Construction in Eastern China: A Postcolonial Critique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yuxiang; Phillion, JoAnn

    2011-01-01

    In this article, we explored Hui students' lived experiences in school in eastern China and the impact of their experiences on their identity construction. We used postcolonial theory as a theoretical framework and narrative inquiry as a research methodology to guide questions that we asked, data collection, data analysis, and interpretation and…

  12. Sensitivity and Responsiveness of Health Utility Indices (HUI2 and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Stroke was the most important patients' characteristic that negatively affected HRQOL. ... (HUI3) in Type 2 diabetes [1,3], stroke and .... Ophthalmic Nursing. Others are Peri–Operative. Nursing, Cardiothoracic Nursing and Medical. Records. These schools currently operate at the old site but plans are already on the ground ...

  13. [Textual research on the edition of WU Kun's books].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Xu-Guang; Lu, Xiang

    2013-03-01

    WU Kun is a famous physician of the Xin'an School. He wrote a 6-volume Yi fang kao (Textual Research on Recipes) in 1584, a 24-volume Wu zhu su wen (Wu's Annotation of Plain Questions) in 1594, a 6-volume Zhen fang liu ji (Six Collections of Acupuncture and Prescription) in 1618 block-printed and funded by CHENG Biao, and a 2-volume Mai yu (Language of Pulse) with writing date unknown. For Yi fang kao, there were 4 editions, including Ming-dynasty block-printed edition, Japanese and Korean block-printed edition, old hand-copied edition and modern printing edition. For Wu zhu su wen, there were 5 editions, Ming-Qing-dynasty block-printed edition, Japanese block-printed edition, old hand-copied edition, photocopy and modern edition. For Zhen fang liu ji, there were Ming-dynasty block-printed edition, hand-copied edition, photocopy and modern edition. Mai yu always was printed together with Yi fang kao, and its editions were same as those of Yi fang kao, except some modern printing edition with Mai yu excluded.

  14. Wu-Ling-San formula prophylaxis against recurrent calcium oxalate ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    WLS formula is a promising adjunct to surgical and medical management of kidney stones. Active therapy with WLS formula has a positive effect on diuresis without leading to electrolyte imbalance. Key words: Calcium oxalate, Urinary Stone, Traditional Chinese Medicine, Wu-Ling-San Formula, Nephrolithiasis.

  15. Towards a Collective Intelligence: Transmediality and the Wu Ming Project

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Melina Anne Masterson

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Dagli albori della Seconda Repubblica in Italia,  le strategie di dominio sui mass media dell’ex premier Silvio Berlusconi hanno avuto un effetto considerevole sull’immaginario culturale italiano. In un approccio multisensoriale e multimediale alla scrittura, il collettivo Wu Ming mette in questione i paradigmi culturali che negli ultimi venti anni sono diventati egemonici. L’esperienza di un romanzo dei Wu Ming va ben oltre la parola stampata poiché cerca di stimolare tutti i cinque sensi per arricchire il modo in cui il lettore vive quello che c’è sulla pagina, dimostrando esempi chiari della «convergence culture» coniata da Henry Jenkins. Questo saggio esamina l’interazione tra parola e immagine messa in atto dal collettivo tramite il sito Pinterest e illustra come questo aspetto del loro progetto rappresenti un microcosmo di un approccio complessivo alla creazione estetica e alla pratica culturale. Inoltre, questo saggio descrive in che modo il processo collettivo di consumo portato avanti dai Wu Ming contribuisca alla formazione delle «communities of sentiment» di Arjun Appadurai e alla «intelligenza collettiva» di Jenkins. Queste sono formazioni che rivitalizzano il concetto di cultura popolare per la nostra epoca digitale e offrono un’alternativa ad un immaginario culturale italiano sovra-determinato dalle pratiche del Berlusconismo.

  16. Multiorgan WU Polyomavirus Infection in Bone Marrow Transplant Recipient.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siebrasse, Erica A; Nguyen, Nang L; Willby, Melisa J; Erdman, Dean D; Menegus, Marilyn A; Wang, David

    2016-01-01

    WU polyomavirus (WUPyV) was detected in a bone marrow transplant recipient with severe acute respiratory distress syndrome who died in 2001. Crystalline lattices of polyomavirus-like particles were observed in the patient's lung by electron microscopy. WUPyV was detected in the lung and other tissues by real-time quantitative PCR and identified in the lung and trachea by immunohistochemistry. A subset of WUPyV-positive cells in the lung had morphologic features of macrophages. Although the role of WUPyV as a human pathogen remains unclear, these results clearly demonstrate evidence for infection of respiratory tract tissues in this patient.

  17. Topological field theories on manifolds with Wu structures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monnier, Samuel

    We construct invertible field theories generalizing abelian prequantum spin Chern-Simons theory to manifolds of dimension 4ℓ + 3 endowed with a Wu structure of degree 2ℓ + 2. After analyzing the anomalies of a certain discrete symmetry, we gauge it, producing topological field theories whose path integral reduces to a finite sum, akin to Dijkgraaf-Witten theories. We take a general point of view where the Chern-Simons gauge group and its couplings are encoded in a local system of integral lattices. The Lagrangian of these theories has to be interpreted as a class in a generalized cohomology theory in order to obtain a gauge invariant action. We develop a computationally friendly cochain model for this generalized cohomology and use it in a detailed study of the properties of the Wu Chern-Simons action. In the 3-dimensional spin case, the latter provides a definition of the “fermionic correction” introduced recently in the literature on fermionic symmetry protected topological phases. In order to construct the state space of the gauged theories, we develop an analogue of geometric quantization for finite abelian groups endowed with a skew-symmetric pairing. The physical motivation for this work comes from the fact that in the ℓ = 1 case, the gauged 7-dimensional topological field theories constructed here are essentially the anomaly field theories of the 6-dimensional conformal field theories with (2, 0) supersymmetry, as will be discussed elsewhere.

  18. Governing Civil Service Pay in China, by Alfred M. Wu. Copenhagen: NIAS Press, 2014. xvi+236 pp

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brødsgaard, Kjeld Erik

    2016-01-01

    Book review of: Governing Civil Service Pay in China by Alfred M. Wu. Copenhagen: NIAS Press, 2014.......Book review of: Governing Civil Service Pay in China by Alfred M. Wu. Copenhagen: NIAS Press, 2014....

  19. Chien-Shiung Wu: An Icon of Physicist and Woman Scientist in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Yuelin

    2014-03-01

    Chien-Shiung Wu, the first female president of APS, is a well-known figure in China, a figure who serves as an inspiration for youths, especially young women, to study science and particularly physics. In this presentation, a historical perspective will be used to show how such an icon was formed. Born in 1912, the year of the Republic Revolution, Wu was in the first generation of physicists in China and her college mentor was a student of Marie Curie. When Wu came to the U.S. for graduate studies in the 1930s, it was a ``golden age'' for nuclear physics, and the invention of the cyclotron by E. O. Lawrence put UC Berkeley at the frontier. Wu was trained there, with Lawrence as her advisor, and later became an expert in Beta-decay. In 1956, Wu conceived and initiated the experiment of Cobalt-60, which, together with other two experiments, eventually proved the asymmetry of parity in weak-interactions, a hypothesis proposed by T. D. Lee and C. N. Yang. The importance of the experiment gained Wu an enormous reputation which spread even to China, when this was a period of hostility in Sino-American relations, and near total isolation due to the Cold-War. Wu was the daughter of a revolutionary, and an activist in college in patriotic student movements, and she combined this background with her scientific career as the way of ``Saving China with Science,'' a common belief reflecting the Zeitgeist of her time. Although she spent most of her life in the U.S., Wu never wavered in her love for or loyalty to her motherland. Her patriotism, as well as her scientific achievement, made Wu a legend in China, being called ``the Chinese Madam Curie.'' Even during the Cultural Revolution, a novel supposedly taking Wu as the original model was very popular in underground circles, widely spread by hand-written-copies. From 1979-1988, the CUSPEA program enrolled hundreds of China's best graduate students into physics departments in American universities. Although Wu herself was not

  20. Le "Dictionnaire quebecois d'aujord'hui": Enquete sur les registres. (The "Dictionnaire quebecois d'aujord'hui": An Investigation of Register).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guillot, Marie-Cecile

    1998-01-01

    A survey was carried out to determine whether the registers indicated in "Le Dictionnaire quebecois d'aujourd'hui" correspond to Quebec francophones' linguistic intuition. A 50-word questionnaire was given to 150 respondents, who were asked to assign a language register to each word. Results suggest that the registers in "Le…

  1. Analysing the Wu metric on a class of eggs in Cn – II

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Indian Acad. Sci. (Math. Sci.) Vol. 127, No. 3, June 2017, pp. 463–470. DOI 10.1007/s12044-017-0330-y. Analysing the Wu metric on a class of eggs in Cn – II ... In general, the Wu met- ric may fail to be upper ... metric on E2m. Note that E2m is a balanced pseudoconvex domain in Cn and hence the. Kobayashi metric at the ...

  2. Lattice models and integrability: a special issue in honour of F Y Wu

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guttmann, A. J.; Jacobsen, J. L.

    2012-12-01

    Fa Yueh (Fred) Wu was born on 5 January 1932 in Nanking (now known as Nanjing), China, the capital of the Nationalist government. Wu began kindergarten in 1937 in a comfortable setting, as his father held a relatively high government position. But the Sino-Japanese war broke out in July 1937, and Nanking fell to Japanese hands in November. Fleeing the Japanese, his parents brought Wu to their hometown in Hunan, and then to the war capital Chungking (now Chongqing) in 1938, where they lived for eight years until the end of the war. Around that time the Japanese began bombing Chungking, and Wu's childhood memories were dominated by air raids, bombings and burning not dissimilar to those experienced by Londoners during the war. At times the air raids lasted for days disrupting everyday lives in Chungking, including Wu's schooling. One day during a fierce bombing raid, a bomb fell in their garden reducing a pavilion and the surrounding pond to a huge crater; another bomb fell just a few metres from the tunnel where his family took shelter, almost sealing the only entrance. The family moved the very next day to the countryside. As a result of the war, Wu attended seven schools before finishing his primary education. Fortunately, by the time he entered junior high school in 1943, the Japanese forces were on the wane and Wu entered the elite middle school, Nankai. His early academic performance in Nankai seemed to him mediocre, but he nevertheless impressed his geometry teacher by showing bursts of talent. With hindsight, this early interest in geometry may have led to his later insights in graphical analyses of statistical systems. The family returned to Nanking in 1946 after the Victory over Japan Day. By this time his father had become elected to the Legislative Yuan, the equivalent of the US Senate. Wu entered high school in Nanking in 1946. Since he came from an elite school in Chungking, he excelled in most of his classes, especially mathematics. Notwithstanding his

  3. Ray Wu as Fifth Business: Deconstructing collective memory in the history of DNA sequencing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Onaga, Lisa A

    2014-06-01

    The concept of 'Fifth Business' is used to analyze a minority standpoint and bring serious attention to the role of scientists who play a galvanizing role in a science but for multiple reasons appear less prominently in more common recounts of any particular development. Biochemist Ray Wu (1928-2008) published a DNA sequencing experiment in March 1970 using DNA polymerase catalysis and specific nucleotide labeling, both of which are foundational to general sequencing methods today. The scant mention of Wu's work from textbooks, research articles, and other accounts of DNA sequencing calls into question how scientific collective memory forms. This alternative history seeks to understand why a key figure in nucleic acid sequence analysis has remained less visibly connected or peripheral to solidifying narratives about the history of DNA sequencing. The study resists predictable dismissals of Wu's work in order to seriously examine the formation of his nucleic acid sequence analysis research program and how he shared his knowledge of sequencing during a period of rapid advancement in the field. An analysis of Wu's work on sequencing the cohesive ends of lambda bacteriophage in the 1960s and 1970s exemplifies how a variety of individuals and groups attempted to develop protocol for sequencing the order of nucleotide base pairs comprising DNA. This historical examination of the sociality of scientific research suggests a way to understand how Wu and others contributed to the very collective memory of DNA sequencing that Wu eventually tried to repair. The study of Wu, who was a Chinese immigrant to the United States, provides a foundation for further critical scholarship on the heterogeneous histories of Asian American bioscientists, the sociality of their scientific works, and how the resulting knowledge produced is preserved, if not evenly, in a scientific field's collective memory. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. Comparison of Genetic Variants in Cancer-Related Genes between Chinese Hui and Han Populations.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chaoyong Tian

    Full Text Available The Chinese Hui population, as the second largest minority ethnic group in China, may have a different genetic background from Han people because of its unique demographic history. In this study, we aimed to identify genetic differences between Han and Hui Chinese from the Ningxia region of China by comparing eighteen single nucleotide polymorphisms in cancer-related genes.DNA samples were collected from 99 Hui and 145 Han people from the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region in China, and SNPs were detected using an improved multiplex ligase detection reaction method. Genotyping data from six 1000 Genomes Project population samples (99 Utah residents with northern and western European ancestry (CEU, 107 Toscani in Italy (TSI, 108 Yoruba in Ibadan (YRI, 61 of African ancestry in the southwestern US (ASW, 103 Han Chinese in Beijing (CHB, and 104 Japanese in Tokyo (JPT were also included in this study. Differences in the distribution of alleles among the populations were assessed using χ2 tests, and FST was used to measure the degree of population differentiation.We found that the genetic diversity of many SNPs in cancer-related genes in the Hui Chinese in Ningxia was different from that in the Han Chinese in Ningxia. For example, the allele frequencies of four SNPs (rs13361707, rs2274223, rs465498, and rs753955 showed different genetic distributions (p0.000 between the Hui and Han populations.These results suggest that some SNPs associated with cancer-related genes vary among different Chinese ethnic groups. We suggest that population differences should be carefully considered in evaluating cancer risk and prognosis as well as the efficacy of cancer therapy.

  5. Land cover change during a period of extensive landscape restoration in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cadavid Restrepo, Angela M.; Yang, Yu Rong; Hamm, Nicholas A.S.; Gray, Darren J.; Barnes, Tamsin S.; Williams, Gail M.; Soares Magalhães, Ricardo J.; McManus, Donald P.; Guo, Danhuai; Clements, Archie C.A.

    2017-01-01

    Environmental change has been a topic of great interest over the last century due to its potential impact on ecosystem services that are fundamental for sustainable development and human well-being. Here, we assess and quantify the spatial and temporal variation in land cover in Ningxia Hui

  6. When Liu Hui Meets Archimedes: Students' Epistemological and Cultural Interpretations of Mathematics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Po-Hung

    2014-01-01

    The present study aimed to investigate in what way and to what extent Taiwanese college students' epistemological views of mathematics had evolved during a history-based liberal arts mathematics course titled: "When Liu Hui Meets Archimedes--Development of Eastern and Western Mathematics." The course was designed to help college students…

  7. The Hintermann-Merlini-Baxter-Wu and the infinite-coupling-limit Ashkin-Teller models

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Huang Yuan, E-mail: huangy22@mail.ustc.edu.cn [Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at Microscale and Department of Modern Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026 (China); Deng Youjin, E-mail: yjdeng@ustc.edu.cn [Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at Microscale and Department of Modern Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026 (China); Jacobsen, Jesper Lykke, E-mail: jacobsen@lpt.ens.fr [Laboratoire de Physique Theorique, Ecole Normale Superieure, 24 rue Lhomond, 75231 Paris (France); Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, 4 place Jussieu, 75252 Paris (France); Salas, Jesus, E-mail: jsalas@math.uc3m.es [Grupo de Modelizacion, Simulacion Numerica y Matematica Industrial, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Avda. de la Universidad 30, 28911 Leganes (Spain); Grupo de Teorias de Campos y Fisica Estadistica, Instituto Gregorio Millan, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Unidad asociada al IEM-CSIC, Madrid (Spain)

    2013-03-11

    We show how the Hintermann-Merlini-Baxter-Wu model (which is a generalization of the well-known Baxter-Wu model to a general Eulerian triangulation) can be mapped onto a particular infinite-coupling-limit of the Ashkin-Teller model. We work out some mappings among these models, also including the standard and mixed Ashkin-Teller models. Finally, we compute the phase diagram of the infinite-coupling-limit Ashkin-Teller model on the square, triangular, hexagonal, and kagome lattices.

  8. Analysing the Wu metric on a class of eggs in Cn–I

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ∣ z 1 ∣ 2 m + ∣ z 2 ∣ 2 + ⋯ + ∣ z n − 1 ∣ 2 + ∣ z n ∣ 2 < 1 } , where m ≥ 1 / 2 , m ≠ 1 . The Wu metric is shown to be real analytic everywhere except on a lower dimensional subvariety where it fails to be C 2 -smooth. Overall however, the ...

  9. Thinking of the safety application of TCM By You Gu Wu Yun , A ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: You Gu Wu Yun (有故无殒), a Chinese ancient medicine application principle, has played an important role in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) clinical practice so far. Materials and Methods: It emphasized that disease, medicine and treatment method were interconnecting and the relationship among these ...

  10. WU Polyomavirus in Respiratory Epithelial Cells from Lung Transplant Patient with Job Syndrome

    OpenAIRE

    Siebrasse, Erica A.; Pastrana, Diana V.; Nguyen, Nang L.; Wang, Annie; Roth, Mark J.; Holland, Steven M.; Freeman, Alexandra F.; McDyer, John; Buck, Christopher B.; Wang, David,

    2015-01-01

    We detected WU polyomavirus (WUPyV) in a bronchoalveolar lavage sample from lungs transplanted into a recipient with Job syndrome by using immunoassays specific for the WUPyV viral protein 1. Co-staining for an epithelial cell marker identified most WUPyV viral protein 1?positive cells as respiratory epithelial cells.

  11. Strength-based Supervision: Frameworks, Current Practice, and Future Directions A Wu-wei Method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edwards, Jeffrey K.; Chen, Mei-Whei

    1999-01-01

    Discusses a method of counseling supervision similar to the wu-wei practice in Zen and Taoism. Suggests that this strength-based method and an understanding of isomorphy in supervisory relationships are the preferred practice for the supervision of family counselors. States that this model of supervision potentiates the person-of-the-counselor.…

  12. Phase transitions in self-dual generalizations of the Baxter-Wu model

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Deng, Y.; Guo, W.; Heringa, J.R.; Blöte, H.W.J.; Nienhuis, B.

    2010-01-01

    We study two types of generalized Baxter-Wu models, by means of transfer-matrix and Monte Carlo techniques. The first generalization allows for different couplings in the up- and down-triangles, and the second generalization is to a q-state spin model with three-spin interactions. Both

  13. Rehabilitation and reconstruction of Islamic Architectural Heritage in China: the example of the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Huang Lijun

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, located in Northwestern China, has the highest concentration of Hui Muslims in China: around 34% of the local population is Hui Muslim. Following the anti-religious campaigns of the communist regime and the wide destruction of the Cultural Revolution, Hui Muslims began gradually to reclaim their Muslim heritage in the late 70's. A major aspect of the rediscovery of their Islamic heritage was the Rehabilitation and reconstruction of Islamic Architectural buildings. As of today, Ningxia counts 4,500 mosques and other religious buildings. The present article seeks to introduce the architectural tendencies at play in this reconstruction, specifically the role of competing Arabic and Chinese influences.

  14. Les Totonaques aujourd’hui, entre crise du développement et nouvelles revendications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolas Ellison

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available La population de langue totonaque, qui compte aujourd’hui un peu plus de 400,000 locuteurs, se concentre principalement dans le nord-est de l’Etat de Puebla et le centre-nord de l’Etat de Veracruz. C’est la région du Totonacapan, le « pays totonaque ». La langue totonaque constitue avec le tepehua un groupe isolé, mais on sait que les Totonaques ont participé à la construction des fameuses pyramides de Teotihuacan (au nord de Mexico avant de s’installer sur le pourtour du Golfe du Mexique, ...

  15. State-Society Interaction In Xinjiang, China: Relationships between Uyghur and Hui Muslims

    OpenAIRE

    Yidayati, Yanitake

    2016-01-01

    The roots of Uyghur-government tensions in Xinjiang have been misdiagnosed by the Chinese government. In this thesis, I explore the roots of unrest from the perspective mostly of Uyghurs, but also the Hui. I found that there is a big gap between what policies the government is implementing and what the Uyghur people are expecting. The government is putting all the blame on the radicalization of youth, on Wahhabism, and on outside Uyghur organizations and anti-Chinese foreign forces, but my st...

  16. Ignition delay time correlation of fuel blends based on Livengood-Wu description

    KAUST Repository

    Khaled, Fathi

    2017-08-17

    In this work, a universal methodology for ignition delay time (IDT) correlation of multicomponent fuel mixtures is reported. The method is applicable over wide ranges of temperatures, pressures, and equivalence ratios. n-Heptane, iso-octane, toluene, ethanol and their blends are investigated in this study because of their relevance to gasoline surrogate formulation. The proposed methodology combines benefits from the Livengood-Wu integral, the cool flame characteristics and the Arrhenius behavior of the high-temperature ignition delay time to suggest a simple and comprehensive formulation for correlating the ignition delay times of pure components and blends. The IDTs of fuel blends usually have complex dependences on temperature, pressure, equivalence ratio and composition of the blend. The Livengood-Wu integral is applied here to relate the NTC region and the cool flame phenomenon. The integral is further extended to obtain a relation between the IDTs of fuel blends and pure components. Ignition delay times calculated using the proposed methodology are in excellent agreement with those simulated using a detailed chemical kinetic model for n-heptane, iso-octane, toluene, ethanol and blends of these components. Finally, very good agreement is also observed for combustion phasing in homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) predictions between simulations performed with detailed chemistry and calculations using the developed ignition delay correlation.

  17. Phylogeography of Sophora moorcroftiana Supports Wu's Hypothesis on the Origin of Tibetan Alpine Flora.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, Shanmei; Qiong, La; Lu, Fan; Yonezawa, Takahiro; Yin, Ganqiang; Song, Zhiping; Wang, Yuguo; Yang, Ji; Zhang, Wenju

    2017-06-01

    Wu hypothesized that the Tibetan flora originated mostly from the paleotropical Tertiary flora in the Hengduan Mountains by adapting to the cold and arid environments associated with the strong uplift of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (QTP). Here, we combine the phylogeographic history of Sophora moorcroftiana with that of Sophora davidii to explore the speciation of S. moorcroftiana to test this hypothesis. We collected 151 individuals from 17 populations and sequenced 2 chloroplast fragments and the internal transcribed spacer of rDNA. Five chlorotypes and 9 ribotypes were detected but no significant phylogeographic structure was revealed. The integrated results of phylogeographic studies of these 2 species clearly support the progenitor-derivative relationship between them. We infer that the western peripheral population of S. davidii migrated westwards from the Hengduan Mountains to the middle reaches of the Yarlung Zangbo River and differentiated from its ancestor in the process of adaptation to increasingly cold and arid environments with the uplift of the QTP and finally evolved into S. moorcroftiana during the Late Pliocene. In addition, our findings shed light on the idea that natural selection, as imposed by climate differentiation (especially mean diurnal range and precipitation seasonality), directly drove this peripatric speciation event after geographic isolation. The speciation of S. moorcroftiana is a strong case supporting Wu's hypothesis about the origin of Tibet's flora. © The American Genetic Association 2017. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  18. Gene identification and functional analysis of methylcitrate synthase in citric acid-producing Aspergillus niger WU-2223L.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kobayashi, Keiichi; Hattori, Takasumi; Honda, Yuki; Kirimura, Kohtaro

    2013-01-01

    Methylcitrate synthase (EC 2.3.3.5; MCS) is a key enzyme of the methylcitric acid cycle localized in the mitochondria of eukaryotic cells and related to propionic acid metabolism. In this study, cloning of the gene mcsA encoding MCS and heterologous expression of it in Escherichia coli were performed for functional analysis of the MCS of citric acid-producing Aspergillus niger WU-2223L. Only one copy of mcsA (1,495 bp) exists in the A. niger WU-2223L chromosome. It encodes a 51-kDa polypeptide consisting of 465 amino acids containing mitochondrial targeting signal peptides. Purified recombinant MCS showed not only MCS activity (27.6 U/mg) but also citrate synthase (EC 2.3.3.1; CS) activity (26.8 U/mg). For functional analysis of MCS, mcsA disruptant strain DMCS-1, derived from A. niger WU-2223L, was constructed. Although A. niger WU-2223L showed growth on propionate as sole carbon source, DMCS-1 showed no growth. These results suggest that MCS is an essential enzyme in propionic acid metabolism, and that the methylcitric acid cycle operates functionally in A. niger WU-2223L. To determine whether MCS makes a contribution to citric acid production, citric acid production tests on DMCS-1 were performed. The amount of citric acid produced from glucose consumed by DMCS-1 in citric acid production medium over 12 d of cultivation was on the same level to that by WU-2223L. Thus it was found that MCS made no contribution to citric acid production from glucose in A. niger WU-2223L, although MCS showed CS activity.

  19. Memoria, trauma e mitopoiesi: Lawrence d'Arabia e Stella del mattino di Wu Ming 4

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emanuela Piga

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available This article reconsiders the narrative construnction of the historical novel in the light of recent critical debates. Bearing in mind the overarching theme of the hybridization of the historiographic and literary genres, the article examines in detail Wu Ming 4’s solo novel, Stella del mattino (2008. In this work, the rewriting of real, once existing historical characters follows a thread of verisimilitude against the backdrop of meticulously reconstructed historical scenarios. By focusing on the use of history, allegory and myth in the novel, the aim of this study is to examine the narration of the overcoming of Trauma of the First World War through the therapeutic value of writing. In so doing, emphasis is given to passages in which the reader is able to grasp, between  the scattered fragments of history, moments of the utopian impetus, thanks to the narration of communal moments of being and everyday life practices.

  20. Hui Malama O Ke Kai: A Positive Prevention-Based Youth Development Program Based on Native Hawaiian Values and Activities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hishinuma, Earl S.; Chang, Janice Y.; Sy, Angela; Greaney, Malia F.; Morris, Katherine A.; Scronce, Ami C.; Rehuher, Davis; Nishimura, Stephanie T.

    2009-01-01

    Evaluation of after-school programs that are culturally and place-based and promote positive youth development among minority and indigenous youths has not been widely published. The present evaluation is the first of its kind of an after-school, youth-risk prevention program called Hui Malama O Ke Kai (HMK), that emphasizes Native Hawaiian values…

  1. A Response to Professor Wu Zongjie's "Interpretation, Autonomy, and Transformation: Chinese Pedagogic Discourse in a Cross-Cultural Perspective"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curran, Thomas D.

    2014-01-01

    In response to an essay by Prof Wu Zongjie that was published in the "Journal of Curriculum Studies" [43(5), (2011), 569-590], I argue that, despite dramatic changes that have taken place in the language of Chinese academic discourse and pedagogy, evidence derived from the fields of psychology and the history of Chinese educational…

  2. 31 july 2014 - H. WU Ambassador Permanent Representative of the People's Republic of China to the United Nations

    CERN Multimedia

    Egli, Laurent

    2014-01-01

    His Excellency Mr Hailong WU Ambassador Permanent Representative of the People's Republic of China to the United Nations Office at Geneva and other international organizations in Switzerland visiting the ATLAS cavern with ATLAS Spokesperson D. Charlton and the LHC tunnel at Point 1 with Technology Department, Vacuum, Surfaces and Coatings Group P. Cruikshank.

  3. UPLC-QTOF-MS with chemical profiling approach for rapidly evaluating chemical consistency between traditional and dispensing granule decoctions of Tao-Hong-Si-Wu decoction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shang Erxin

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In the present study, chemical consistency between traditional and dispensing granule decoctions of Tao-Hong-Si-Wu decoction was rapidly evaluated by UPLC-QTOF-MS coupled with the MarkerLynx software. Two different kinds of decoctions, namely traditional decoction: water extract of mixed six constituent herbs of Tao-Hong-Si-Wu decoction, and dispensing granules decoction: mixed water extract of each individual herbs of Tao-Hong-Si-Wu decoction, were prepared. Results Chemical difference was found between traditional and dispensing granule decoctions, and albiflorin, paeoniflorin, gallic acid, amygdalin, and hydroxysafflor yellow A were identified as the significantly changed components during decocting Tao-Hong-Si-Wu decoction. All the peaks of mass spectrum from Tao-Hong-Si-Wu decoction and each herb were extracted and integration by using QuanLynx™. And the optimized data was used for linear regression analysis. The contribution of each herb in Tao-Hong-Si-Wu decoction, and the optimal compatibility proportion of dispensing granule decoction were derived from the linear regression equation. Conclusions The optimal dosage proportionality of Tao-Hong-Si-Wu dispensing granule decoction was obtained as 2.5:0.2:1:0.5:0.6:0.1 (DG : CX : BS : SD : TR : HH, which guided better clinic application of Tao-Hong-Si-Wu decoction as dispensing granule decoctions usage, and it also provided some experimental data to reveal the compatibility rule of the relative TCM formulae.

  4. Land cover change during a period of extensive landscape restoration in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cadavid Restrepo, Angela M; Yang, Yu Rong; Hamm, Nicholas A S; Gray, Darren J; Barnes, Tamsin S; Williams, Gail M; Soares Magalhães, Ricardo J; McManus, Donald P; Guo, Danhuai; Clements, Archie C A

    2017-11-15

    Environmental change has been a topic of great interest over the last century due to its potential impact on ecosystem services that are fundamental for sustainable development and human well-being. Here, we assess and quantify the spatial and temporal variation in land cover in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (NHAR), China. With high-resolution (30m) imagery from Landsat 4/5-TM and 8-OLI for the entire region, land cover maps of the region were created to explore local land cover changes in a spatially explicit way. The results suggest that land cover changes observed in NHAR from 1991 to 2015 reflect the main goals of a national policy implemented there to recover degraded landscapes. Forest, herbaceous vegetation and cultivated land increased by approximately 410,200ha, 708,600ha and 164,300ha, respectively. The largest relative land cover change over the entire study period was the increase in forestland. Forest growth resulted mainly from the conversion of herbaceous vegetation (53.8%) and cultivated land (30.8%). Accurate information on the local patterns of land cover in NHAR may contribute to the future establishment of better landscape policies for ecosystem management and protection. Spatially explicit information on land cover change may also help decision makers to understand and respond appropriately to emerging environmental risks for the local population. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  5. Marie Curie, les femmes et la science, d'hier à aujourd'hui

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN. Geneva; Mariotti, Chiara; Vicinanza, Domenico

    2017-01-01

    Marie Curie, les femmes et la science, d'hier à aujourd'hui Conférence par Hélène Langevin-Joliot Avec la participation de l'Echo du Reculet de Thoiry. L'enregistrement et la liste d'attente sont déjà complets... Mais il n'est pas rare que des personnes réservent et ne viennent pas. Nous réassignerons les places libérées selon la règle "premier arrivé, premier inscrit". Au vu de la forte demande, la conférence sera également disponible en vidéoconférence : lien d'accès "webcast" disponible en bas de cette page. Hélène Langevin-Joliot, directrice de recherche émérite en physique nucléaire fondamentale au CNRS à Orsay, est aussi la fille de Frédéric et Irène Joliot-Curie (prix Nobel de chimie en 1935) et la petite-fille de Pierre Curie (prix Nobel de physique en 1903) et de Marie Curie (prix Nobel de physique en 1903 et prix Nobel de chimie en 1911). Hélène Langevin-Joliot nous parlera de sa vie scientifique, de l’histoire extraordinai...

  6. Marie Curie, les femmes et la science, d'hier à aujourd'hui - English

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN. Geneva

    2017-01-01

    Marie Curie, les femmes et la science, d'hier à aujourd'hui Conférence par Hélène Langevin-Joliot Avec la participation de l'Echo du Reculet de Thoiry. L'enregistrement et la liste d'attente sont déjà complets... Mais il n'est pas rare que des personnes réservent et ne viennent pas. Nous réassignerons les places libérées selon la règle "premier arrivé, premier inscrit". Nous envisageons la possibilité de faire un webcast de la conférence. Plus d'information bientôt. Hélène Langevin-Joliot, directrice de recherche émérite en physique nucléaire fondamentale au CNRS à Orsay, est aussi la fille de Frédéric et Irène Joliot-Curie (prix Nobel de chimie en 1935) et la petite-fille de Pierre Curie (prix Nobel de physique en 1903) et de Marie Curie (prix Nobel de physique en 1903 et prix Nobel de chimie en 1911). Hélène Langevin-Joliot nous parlera de sa vie scientifique, de l’histoire extraordinaire de sa famille et en particulier du rôle des ...

  7. Appendix I1-2 to Wind HUI Initiative 1: Field Campaign Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    John Zack; Deborah Hanley; Dora Nakafuji

    2012-07-15

    This report is an appendix to the Hawaii WindHUI efforts to dev elop and operationalize short-term wind forecasting and wind ramp event forecasting capabilities. The report summarizes the WindNET field campaign deployment experiences and challenges. As part of the WindNET project on the Big Island of Hawaii, AWS Truepower (AWST) conducted a field campaign to assess the viability of deploying a network of monitoring systems to aid in local wind energy forecasting. The data provided at these monitoring locations, which were strategically placed around the Big Island of Hawaii based upon results from the Oahu Wind Integration and Transmission Study (OWITS) observational targeting study (Figure 1), provided predictive indicators for improving wind forecasts and developing responsive strategies for managing real-time, wind-related system events. The goal of the field campaign was to make measurements from a network of remote monitoring devices to improve 1- to 3-hour look ahead forecasts for wind facilities.

  8. [Relationship between risk factors of liver cancer and onset age in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Q; Liu, B; Ding, G R

    2017-07-10

    Objective: To investigate the clinical data of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region through questionnaire survey, explore the association between the risk factors of liver cancer and the onset age of disease in this area and provide evidence for prevention and treatment of liver diseases. Methods: A retrospectively analysis was conducted in 250 patients with primary hepatocellular carcinoma by using their clinical data collected through questionnaire survey to understand the relationship between gender, smoking, alcohol use, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia, family history of liver cancer, liver cirrhosis, HBV infection, eating fish history and other factors and the incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma by univariate and logistic multivariate regression models. Results: Univariate regression analysis showed that hypertension, diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia and family history of liver cancer, HBV infection, cirrhosis, smoking, eating fish history were risk factors for the early onset of liver cancer, t=4.150, Pliver cancer onset vary with area diet pattern alcohol use did not influenced the age of liver cancer onset, but smoking and HBV infection were the independent risk factors for early onset of liver cancer. It is necessary to strengthen the HBV infection prevention and control and advise people to quit smoking.

  9. Functional Integral Approach to Parisi-Wu Stochastic Quantization and Related Problems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gozzi, Ennio

    A path-integral formulation is given of the Parisi -Wu method of stochastic quantization. The connection between the Langevin and Fokker-Planck equations is rederived in functional form bringing to light new aspects of these equations. The relation between this functional method and the recent approach by De-Alfaro-Fubini-Furlan is clarified. In particular we present the non-local transformation that connects the two formulations. In this dissertation we also investigate the hidden supersymmetry recently discovered by Parisi and Sourlas in Langevin processes. The Kelvin relations, for diffusion processes out of equilibrium, are shown to be a necessary and sufficient condition to have supersymmetry. This proves that this symmetry is a manifestation, at the path-integral level, of the Onsager principle of microreversibility present in the stochastic process. We analyze, in particular, the interesting interplay between forward and backward Fokker-Planck dynamics and, as an application, we rederive the fluctuation-dissipation theorem as a Ward-identity of this supersymmetry.

  10. Le Dictionnaire québécois d’aujourd’hui : Enquête sur les registres

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie-Cécile Guillot

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The Dictionnaire québécois d’aujourd’hui came out in 1992. The publication of this dictionary sparked a controversy on, among other things, word labeling. The language registers given for many words did not seem to reflect how Quebec francophones felt about them. The debate was such that, one year later, a second edition was produced. The main changes made concern the language registers of a number of entries, on which this time, Quebec francophones would agree. A survey was therefore carried out to determine whether the registers indicated in Le Dictionnaire québécois d’aujourd’hui correspond to Quebec francophones’ linguistic intuitions. A 50-word questionnaire was given to 150 respondents, who were asked to assign a language register to each word. The results of this survey have led to the conclusion that the registers given in Le Dictionnaire québécois d’aujourd’hui often do not correspond to the intuitions of Quebec francophones.

  11. Impact of "Grain to Green" Programme on echinococcosis infection in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region of China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cleary, Eimear; Barnes, Tamsin S; Xu, Yangyang; Zhao, Hengbo; Clements, Archie C A; Gray, Darren J; McManus, Donald P; Atkinson, Jo-An M; Williams, Gail M; Yang, YuRong

    2014-10-15

    Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is endemic among the human population of Xiji County, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China, where the prevalence is estimated to be between 2.2% and 3.6%. Government-run sheep abattoirs in Xiji County have closed in recent years and, as a consequence, slaughter is carried out mostly at rural market places. The market place in Xinglong Township, Xiji County, is home to an increasing number of stray dogs and the lack of government control over slaughter practices potentially favours Echinococcus granulosus transmission. A survey of sheep, goats and cattle reared in Xiji County was conducted in Xinglong Market and Xinglong Township to determine prevalence and transmission dynamics of E. granulosus infection. The liver and lungs of all livestock aged one year and older were examined macroscopically post mortem; visual examination and palpation of organs determined overall prevalence of E. granulosus. Cysts consistent in appearance with E. granulosus were observed in 2/184 sheep (prevalence 1.0%) and 1/55 of the cattle examined (prevalence 1.8%); 0/13 goats were found to be infected. However, microscopic examination of these suspected cysts failed to confirm these samples as E. granulosus, giving a prevalence of confirmed infection of zero percent in all three species. The prevalence of liver fluke was 61.3% in sheep and 12.7% in cattle with a significant difference between males and females (p ≤ 0.001). Considering the high prevalence of echinococcosis in the local human population, the absence of CE observed among commercially slaughtered livestock was surprising. Several explanations for this discrepancy and their implications are proposed. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  12. « Comment le sais-tu ? ». La paralepse, aujourd’hui

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frank Wagner

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available À partir des définitions genettiennes de la paralepse (excès d’informations par rapport au code modal dominant, il s’agit de cerner les usages et les fonctions du procédé dans la littérature narrative d’aujourd’hui, en relation homo- ou hétérodiégétique, en régime fictionnel ou semi-fictionnel. Des exemples prélevés dans divers récits contemporains (de Roegiers, Toussaint, Carrère, Echenoz permettent de constater que la paralepse assure un renouvellement du soupçon à l’époque actuelle, en jouant un rôle de révélateur épistémologique. En effet, ce procédé narratif paradoxal engage une réflexion en acte sur la fiction, son perspectivisme, ses capacités de modélisation, et ses pouvoirs heuristiques.Based upon Gerard Genette’s definitions of paralepsis, (information exceeding that normally offered by the dominant mode of narrative focalisation, this article seeks to outline the uses and functions of the device in contemporary narrative literature, through its homo and heterodiegetic positioning in both fictional and semi-fictional texts. Examples taken from a variety of contemporary stories (Roegiers, Toussaint, Carrère, Echenoz allow us to see that paralepsis plays a role of epistemological indicator, facilitating a contemporary renewal of suspicion (le soupçon concerning narration. In fact, this paradoxical narrative device brings about a reflection upon fiction, its perspectivism, its modelling capabilities and heuristic capacities.

  13. [Prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region of China].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qiu, Jie; Zhang, Ya-nan; Chen, Juan; Luo, Tao; Yu, Xian-hua; Wang, Ji-chun; Tan, Hai; Lu, Xue-lan; Zhang, Jin

    2013-04-01

    To investigate the prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and its current status of diagnosis and management in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region of China. Using multi-stage cluster random sampling, all residents 40 years of age or older in Dawukou, Yinchuan, Wuzhong, and Jingyuan were randomly selected and interviewed with a standardized questionnaire. Spirometry was performed in all eligible participants and COPD diagnosis was made according to the spirometric criteria. The categorical variables were described by the constituent ratio or prevalence and compared by χ(2) test. Among 4626 sampling subjects, 4055 participants completed the questionnaire and spirometry. The mean age was (56 ± 12) years. The overall prevalence of COPD was 8.9% (360/4055). The prevalence was significantly higher in males [13.0% (243/1869)] than in females [5.4% (117/2186)]. The prevalence of COPD was significantly higher in residents of Han nationality, rural residents and smokers (χ(2) = 4.10 - 94.65, P prevalence among different regions of Ningxia; 8.7% (76/878), 8.1% (93/1142), 8.8% (90/1019) and 9.0% (101/1016) in Dawukou, Yinchuan, Wuzhong, and Jingyuan (χ(2) = 2.12, P > 0.05), respectively. Only 23.6% (85/360) of the COPD cases was diagnosed and only 23.3% (84/360) was treated. By lung function measurements, gradeII COPD accounted for 64.2% (231/360) of the cases. The prevalence of COPD in Ningxia was 8.9% (360/4055) in people 40 years of age or older. The current status of diagnosis and management of COPD in this region was far from satisfactory. It was necessary to strengthen the awareness of the importance of pulmonary function tests and early intervention of COPD.

  14. Upper respiratory tract tumors in Cpb:WU (Wistar random) rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feron, V J; Woutersen, R A; van Garderen-Hoetmer, A; Dreef-van der Meulen, H C

    1990-01-01

    A survey is given of upper respiratory tract tumors in Cpb:WU (Wistar random) rats. Data were collected from ten 24- to 30-month toxicity/carcinogenicity studies and from one 12-month study. Nasal tumors may lead to dyspnea, mouth breathing, and nasal discharge. These clinical signs mainly occurred in rats bearing squamous cell carcinomas. The large nasal tumors were often osteolytic, they invaded the subcutis over the premaxilla, resulting in swellings on the back of the nose, and extended into the brain. The incidence of nasal tumors in untreated male controls was 1.1% (7/661), the tumors invariably being squamous cell carcinomas. There were no nasal tumors found in untreated female controls. The type of compound-induced nasal tumor most frequently observed was adenocarcinoma (of the olfactory epithelium) followed, in order of decreasing incidence, by squamous cell carcinoma, carcinoma in situ, polypoid adenoma, Schwannoma, and carcinosarcoma. It was proposed that adenocarcinomas of the olfactory epithelium should be classified as neuroepitheliomas. It was also suggested that squamous cell carcinomas, seen in association with necrotizing inflammation of an incisor tooth, should be considered as part of the malocclusion syndrome. No spontaneous tracheal tumors were observed, and only one out of 422 untreated female controls (0.2%) was seen to have a laryngeal tumor, an adenoma. Induced laryngeal tumors included carcinoma in situ, squamous cell carcinoma, and adenocarcinoma. Squamous cell carcinoma was the only type of treatment-related tracheal tumor found. The incidences of induced laryngeal and tracheal tumors were very low, and in no case were these tumors statistically significantly different from the respective incidences in controls. Images PLATE 1. PLATE 2. PLATE 3. PLATE 4. PLATE 5. PLATE 6. PLATE 7. PLATE 8. PLATE 9. PLATE 10. PLATE 11. PLATE 12. PLATE 13. PLATE 14. PLATE 15. PMID:2384064

  15. No evidence for WU polyomavirus infection in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ringshausen Felix C

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Human polyomaviruses are known to cause persistent or latent infections, which are reactivated under immunosuppression. Polyomaviruses have been found to immortalize cell lines and to possess oncogenic properties. Moreover, the recently discovered Merkel cell polyomavirus shows a strong association with human Merkel cell carcinomas. Another novel human polyomavirus, WU polyomavirus (WUPyV, has been identified in respiratory specimens from patients with acute respiratory tract infections (ARTI. WUPyV has been proposed to be a pathogen in ARTI in early life and immunocompromised individuals, but so far its role as a causative agent of respiratory disease remains controversial. The objective of our study was to determine the prevalence of WUPyV infections in adult hospitalized patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD and to establish its potential clinical relevance by comparison to patients with stable COPD hospitalized for other reasons than acute exacerbation of COPD (AE-COPD. A total of 378 respiratory specimens, each 189 induced sputum and nasal lavage samples from 189 patients, who had been recruited in a prospective 2:1 ratio case-control set-up between 1999 and 2003, were evaluated for the presence of WUPyV DNA by real-time PCR. In the present study we could not detect WUPyV DNA in 378 respiratory specimens from 189 adult hospitalized patients with AE-COPD and stable COPD in four consecutive years. Persistence of viral replication or reactivation of latent WUPyV infection did not occur. WUPyV may not play a major role in adult immunocompetent patients with AE-COPD and stable COPD.

  16. KI and WU Polyomaviruses and CD4+ Cell Counts in HIV-1–infected Patients, Italy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Babakir-Mina, Muhammed; Ciccozzi, Massimo; Farchi, Francesca; Bergallo, Massimiliano; Cavallo, Rossana; Adorno, Gaspare; Perno, Carlo Federico

    2010-01-01

    To investigate an association between KI and WU polyomavirus (KIPyV and WUPyV) infections and CD4+ cell counts, we tested HIV-1–positive patients and blood donors. No association was found between cell counts and virus infections in HIV-1–positive patients. Frequency of KIPyV infection was similar for both groups. WUPyV was more frequent in HIV-1–positive patients. PMID:20735940

  17. PLE-wu, a new member of piggyBac transposon family from insect, is active in mammalian cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Chunxiao; Wang, Shu

    2014-10-01

    piggyBac, a highly active transposon in insect and mammalian cells, is a very useful tool in genome manipulation. A new piggyBac-like element (PLE), named PLE-wu, was identified from a mutant baculovirus cultured in sf9 insect cells. This new transposon is 2931 bp in length and encodes two active forms of transposase, a 708-amino acid-long transposase and a short 576-residue-long transposase translated from a downstream in-frame initiation codon. PLE-wu has asymmetric terminal structures, containing 6-bp inverted terminal repeats, 32-bp imperfect inverted and direct sub-terminal repeats. Similar to piggyBac, PLE-wu exhibits traceless excision activity in both insect and mammalian cells, restoring the original TTAA target sequence upon excision. It also retains the insertion activity in mammalian cells with a plasmid to chromosome transposition rate about 10-fold higher than random integration. Plasmid rescue assays revealed that the TTAA target sequence was duplicated at the junctions of the insertion site. Deletion of the terminal sequences including the sub-terminal repeats decreased the transposition activity of the 708-residue-long transposase, while the transposition activity of the short form of transposase was not affected. With its low sequence similarity to piggyBac, PLE-wu will contribute to the understanding the mechanism of PLE transposition, as well as design of new transposon systems with higher activity. Copyright © 2014 The Society for Biotechnology, Japan. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  18. Using Health Utility Index (HUI for Measuring the Impact on Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQL Among Individuals with Chronic Diseases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frank Mo

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Quality of life is an important indicator in assessing the burden of disease, especially for chronic conditions. The Health Utilities Index (HUI is a recently developed system for measuring the overall health status and health-related quality of life (HRQL of individuals, clinical groups, and general populations. Using the HUI (constructed based on eight attributes: vision, hearing, speech, mobility, dexterity, cognition, emotion, and pain/discomfort to measure the HRQL for chronic disease patients and to detect possible associations between HUI system and various chronic conditions, this study provides information to improve the management of chronic diseases.This study is of interest to data analysts, policy makers, and public health practitioners involved in descriptive clinical studies, clinical trials, program evaluation, population health planning, and assessments. Based on the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS for 2000–01, the HUI was used to measure the quality of life for individuals living with various chronic conditions (Alzheimer/other dementia, effects of stroke, urinary incontinence, arthritis/rheumatism, bowel disorder, cataracts, back problems, stomach/intestinal ulcers, emphysema/COPD, chronic bronchitis, epilepsy, heart disease, diabetes, migraine headaches, glaucoma, asthma, fibromyalgia, cancers, high blood pressure, multiple sclerosis, thyroid condition, and other remaining chronic diseases. Logistic Regression Model was employed to estimate the associations between the overall HUI scores and various chronic conditions. The HUI scores ranged from 0.00 (corresponding to a state close to death to 1.00 (corresponding to perfect health; negative scores reflect health states considered worse than death. The mean HUI score by sex and age group indicated the typical quality of life for persons with various chronic conditions. Logistic Regression results showed a strong relationship between low HUI scores (≤ 0.5 and 0.06

  19. A Novel Pharmacological Method to Study the Chinese Medicinal Formula Hua-Zheng-Hui-Sheng-Dan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rui Cao

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives. Hua-Zheng-Hui-Sheng-Dan (HZHSD was used as an experimental model to explore research methods of large formulae in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM using current molecular biology approaches. Materials and Methods. The trypan blue exclusion assay was used to determine cell viability and cell numbers. Flow cytometry was used to assess cell cycle distribution and apoptosis. The concentration of cyclin D1 was analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The median effect principle was used in drug combination studies. An orthogonal experimental design was used to estimate the effects of each herb at different concentrations. The HeLa xenograft mouse model was used to compare the antitumor activity of drugs in vivo. Results. Among the 35 herbs that comprise HZHSD, Radix Rehmanniae Preparata (RRP, Caesalpinia sappan (CS, Evodia rutaecarpa (ER, Folium Artemisiae Argyi (FAA, Leonurus japonicus Houtt (LJH, Tumeric (Tu, Radix Paeoniae Alba (RPA, and Trogopterus Dung (TD effectively inhibited the proliferation of HeLa and SKOV3 cells. Only RRR had an effect on HeLa and SKOV3 cell viability. According to the median effect principle, Angelica sinensis (Oliv. (AS, Tabanus (Ta, and Pollen Typhae (PT, which were proven to have a significant synergistic inhibitory effect on the proliferation of HeLa cells, were added to the original eight positive herbs. The combination of RPA and AS had a synergistic effect on inducing cell cycle S phase arrest and decreasing intracellular cyclin D1 in HeLa cells. By orthogonal experimental design, LJH and Tu were considered unnecessary herbs. The small formula (SHZHSD consisted of RPA, AS, RRR, Ta., TD, PT, ER, CS, and FAA and was able to inhibit cell proliferation and induce cell apoptosis. The antitumor effects of HZHSD and SHZHSD were also compared in vivo. Conclusions. Through molecular biology approaches both in vitro and in vivo, research into single drugs, and analysis using the median effect principle

  20. Chinese Herbal Formulas Si-Wu-Tang and Er-Miao-San Synergistically Ameliorated Hyperuricemia and Renal Impairment in Rats Induced by Adenine and Potassium Oxonate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yongping Guo

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aims: Hyperuricemia is an independent risk factor for chronic kidney disease and cardiovascular disease. Here, we examined the combined protective effects of Chinese herbal formula Si-Wu-Tang and Er-Miao-San on hyperuricemia and renal impairment in rats. Methods: Rats were randomly divided into normal rats, hyperuricemic rats, and hyperuricemic rats orally administrated with benzbromarone (4.5 mg·kg-1·d-1, Si-Wu-Tang (3.78 g·kg-1·d-1 and Si-Wu-Tang plus Er-Miao-San (6.48 g·kg-1·d-1 for 4 weeks. Hyperuricemic rats were orally gavaged with adenine (0.1 g·kg-1·d-1 and potassium oxonate (1.5 g·kg-1·d-1 daily for 4 weeks. Serum uric acid, creatinine, total cholesterol (TCH, triglyceride and blood urea nitrogen (BUN concentrations, as well as urinary uric acid and microalbuminuria were measured weekly. Serum xanthine oxidase (XOD activity and renal histopathology were also evaluated. The renal expression of organic anion transporter 1 (OAT1 and organic anion transporter 3 (OAT3 was detected by western blot. Results: Si-Wu-Tang plus Er-Miao-San lowered serum uric acid, creatinine, triglyceride and BUN levels to a greater degree than did Si-Wu-Tang alone. Si-Wu-Tang plus Er-Miao-San ameliorated microalbuminuria and renal histopathology, as well as decreased serum TCH concentration and XOD activity in hyperuricemic rats. Combination of Si-Wu-Tang and Er-Miao-San also led to a greater increase in OAT1 and OAT3 expression than did Siwutang alone. Conclusion: Si-Wu-Tang and Er-Miao-San synergistically ameliorated hyperuricemia and renal impairment in rats through upregulation of OAT1 and OAT3.

  1. Newly described human polyomaviruses Merkel Cell, KI and WU are present in urban sewage and may represent potential environmental contaminants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carratala Anna

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Recently, three new polyomaviruses (KI, WU and Merkel cell polyomavirus have been reported to infect humans. It has also been suggested that lymphotropic polyomavirus, a virus of simian origin, infects humans. KI and WU polyomaviruses have been detected mainly in specimens from the respiratory tract while Merkel cell polyomavirus has been described in a very high percentage of Merkel cell carcinomas. The distribution, excretion level and transmission routes of these viruses remain unknown. Here we analyzed the presence and characteristics of newly described human polyomaviruses in urban sewage and river water in order to assess the excretion level and the potential role of water as a route of transmission of these viruses. Nested-PCR assays were designed for the sensitive detection of the viruses studied and the amplicons obtained were confirmed by sequencing analysis. The viruses were concentrated following a methodology previously developed for the detection of JC and BK human polyomaviruses in environmental samples. JC polyomavirus and human adenoviruses were used as markers of human contamination in the samples. Merkel cell polyomavirus was detected in 7/8 urban sewage samples collected and in 2/7 river water samples. Also one urine sample from a pregnant woman, out of 4 samples analyzed, was positive for this virus. KI and WU polyomaviruses were identified in 1/8 and 2/8 sewage samples respectively. The viral strains detected were highly homologous with other strains reported from several other geographical areas. Lymphotropic polyomavirus was not detected in any of the 13 sewage neither in 9 biosolid/sludge samples analyzed. This is the first description of a virus isolated from sewage and river water with a strong association with cancer. Our data indicate that the Merkel cell polyomavirus is prevalent in the population and that it may be disseminated through the fecal/urine contamination of water. The procedure developed may

  2. Hawaii Utility Integration Initiatives to Enable Wind (Wind HUI) Final Technical Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dora Nakafuji; Lisa Dangelmaier; Chris Reynolds

    2012-07-15

    monitoring using PMU devices and enhanced grid analysis tools; and Initiative 3: Identifying grid automation and smart technology architecture retrofit/improvement opportunities following a systematic review approach, inclusive of increasing renewables and variable distributed generation. Each of the initiative was conducted in partnership with industry technology and equipment providers to facilitate utility deployment experiences inform decision making, assess supporting infrastructure cost considerations, showcase state of the technology, address integration hurdles with viable workarounds. For each initiative, a multi-phased approach was followed that included 1) investigative planning and review of existing state-of-the-art, 2) hands on deployment experiences and 3) process implementation considerations. Each phase of the approach allowed for mid-course corrections, process review and change to any equipment/devices to be used by the utilities. To help the island grids transform legacy infrastructure, the Wind HUI provided more systematic approaches and exposure with vendor/manufacturers, hand-on review and experience with the equipment not only from the initial planning stages but through to deployment and assessment of field performance of some of the new, remote sensing and high-resolution grid monitoring technologies. HELCO became one of the first utilities in the nation to install and operate a high resolution (WindNet) network of remote sensing devices such as radiometers and SODARs to enable a short-term ramp event forecasting capability. This utility-industry and federal government partnership produced new information on wind energy forecasting including new data additions to the NOAA MADIS database; addressed remote sensing technology performance and O&M (operations and maintenance) challenges; assessed legacy equipment compatibility issues and technology solutions; evaluated cyber-security concerns; and engaged in community outreach opportunities that will

  3. His Excellency Mr Ken WU Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the People’s Republic of China to Switzerland

    CERN Multimedia

    Jean Claude Gadmer

    2011-01-01

    Photo 1-5:The delegation visiting the ATLAS visitor Center with P.Jenni, ATLAS Collaboration former Spokesperson Photo 6-14,15-20:visiting the ATLAS experimental area Photo 15:Y. YANG,Attaché-Q. WAN,First Secretary-Z. Ren,ATLAS Collaboration,High Energy Group,Shandong University-H.E. Mr K. Wu-P. Jenni-R. Voss,Adviser for the People’s Republic of China-H. FENG,Counsellor Photo 21-38:Signature of the Guest Book with CERN Director-General R. Heuer

  4. [Association of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in leptin receptor gene with knee osteoarthritis in the Ningxia Hui population].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Xiao-Jun; Guo, Hao-Hui; Hao, Shao-Wen; Sun, Shou-Xuan; Yang, Xiao-Chun; Yu, Bo; Jin, Qun-Hua

    2013-03-01

    To investigate the association between primary knee osteoarthritis (OA) and single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) (A668G) of leptin receptor gene (LEPR) in the Ningxia Hui population. A case-control association study has been adopted in this thesis. The polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) analysis were performed to investigate the SNP of A668G site within LEPR from 148 patients with knee OA and 155 controls (asymptomatic and radiographically negative) with matched age and gender among Ningxia Hui population. In addition, genotypes of LEPR were verified by direct sequence analysis on PCR products. The result indicates that allele and genotype frequencies (P=0.024 and 0.008, respectively) in LEPR SNP A668G were significantly different in the knee OA patients group and control group, and in the knee OA patients group, the serum levels of leptin decreased significantly (Pleptin receptor increased significantly (P<0.001) compared with control group. Therefore, LEPR SNP A668G is associated with susceptibility to knee OA, which would be used as the genetic marker in predicting the risk of knee OA and would be one of the candidate genes in early prevention and control.

  5. [Improvement of universal salt iodization program on the intelligence quotient among children in Linxia Hui Autonomous Prefecture of Gansu].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cao, Yong-qin; Wang, Yan-ling; Zhu, Xiao-nan; Dou, Yu-gui; Li, Hong-bo; Sun, Wei; Zheng, Jing

    2012-09-01

    To assess the improvement of intelligence quotient through an Universal Salt Iodization Supply Program, among children. 3518 and 1611 children were selected from primary schools in Linxia Hui Autonomous Prefecture of Gansu in 2006 and 2010 respectively. Intelligence quotient (IQ) were measured by the revised Chinese Combined Raven Test-C2 (CRT-C2). In 2006, the average IQ of children aged 8-10 was 85.1, including 16.7% of them with IQ ≤ 69. The average IQ was between 80-90 in different counties and cities, with significant differences (P 0.05). The average IQ of children aged 8-10 in 2010 was 97.2 and 12 points higher than in 2006 (P 0.05), but in boys (98.8) and in girls (95.9) the difference was significant (P intelligence. However, the average IQ was still lower than the average level of the whole Gansu province in 2010.

  6. Comment les psychiatres se représentent-ils aujourd’hui “la” maladie mentale?

    OpenAIRE

    Caroline Guibet Lafaye

    2015-01-01

    International audience; La littérature médicale propose plusieurs modèles interprétatifs de la maladie mentale. À travers une enquête empirique de type sociologique, nous avons voulu faire émerger du terrain les représentations de la maladie – et en particulier de la psychose –aujourd’hui à l’œuvre, parmi les psychiatres français, ainsi que le degré d’adhésion à celles-là. Nous plaçant volontairement à un degré important de généralité, nous avons mis en évidence sept formes d’attitude face à ...

  7. Two Novel Hepatocellular Carcinoma Cycle Inhibitory Cyclodepsipeptides from a Hydrothermal Vent Crab-Associated Fungus Aspergillus clavatus C2WU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wei Jiang

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Two novel cyclodepsipeptides containing an unusual anthranilic acid dimer and a d-phenyllactic acid residues, clavatustides A (1 and B (2, were identified from cultured mycelia and broth of Aspergillus clavatus C2WU isolated from Xenograpsus testudinatus, which lives at extreme, toxic habitat around the sulphur-rich hydrothermal vents in Taiwan Kueishantao. This is the first example of cyclopeptides containing an anthranilic acid dimer in natural products, and the first report of microbial secondary metabolites from the hydrothermal vent crab. Clavatustides A (1 and B (2 suppressed the proliferation of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC cell lines (HepG2, SMMC-7721 and Bel-7402 in a dose-dependent manner, and induced an accumulation of HepG2 cells in G1 phase and reduction of cells in S phase.

  8. Etika v čínské debatě o vědě a životních názorech: Wu Zhihui

    OpenAIRE

    Typl, Lukáš

    2017-01-01

    The aim of this thesis is to eleborate a detailed analysis of Wu Zhihui`s essay: New faith and its view of the universe and of man and attempts to fill the still large gap in secondary literature. The method focuses on basic interpretations of Wu Zhihui's ideas and putting them into the context of Western philosophy. It emphasizes direct quotations and translations of key texts to Czech language. Through the analysis of his view of faith, knowledge, metaphysics, cosmology, ontology and human ...

  9. [Growth status of children under 7 years in Wuzhong City, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China and its influential factors].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Xiao-Qiang; Zhang, Wen-Sheng; Liu, Yuan; Wu, Gui-Fang; Yan, Xing-Fu; Mao, Xin-Mei

    2013-04-01

    To investigate the growth status of children under 7 years in Wuzhong City, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China and its influential factors, and to provide a basis for related intervention measures. Children under 7 years were selected from two county-level districts in Wuzhong by stratified cluster sampling, and their growth status were evaluated by the Z score method. The prevalence rates of growth retardation, underweight, and wasting were 12.58%, 5.71%, and 5.55% respectively. The height-for-age Z score, weight-for-age Z score, and weight-for-height Z scores were -0.26±2.50, 0.29±4.54. and 0.65±3.02 respectively. There were significant differences in the prevalence rate of wasting among children of different ethnic groups (Pgrowth retardation and underweight among children from different regions and with different age (Pfactors for growth retardation were region (OR=0.369, Pfactors for underweight were region (OR=0.453, P=0.001) and age (OR=1.204,P=0.002). The main influential factor for wasting was nation (OR=1.735, P=0.024). In Wuzhong, children under 7 years have poor growth status, which are related to ethnic groups, region, and age.

  10. Impact of anthropogenic and natural environmental changes on Echinococcus transmission in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, the People's Republic of China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Yu Rong; Clements, Archie C A; Gray, Darren J; Atkinson, Jo-An M; Williams, Gail M; Barnes, Tamsin S; McManus, Donald P

    2012-07-24

    Echinococcus transmission is known to be affected by various environmental factors, which may be modified by human influence or natural events including global warming. Considerable population growth in the last fifty years in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (NHAR), the People's Republic of China (PRC), has led to dramatic increases in deforestation and modified agricultural practices. In turn, this has resulted in many changes in the habitats for the definitive and intermediate hosts of both Echinococcus granulosus and E. multilocularis, which have increased the risks for transmission of both parasites, affecting echinococcosis prevalence and human disease. Ecological environmental changes due to anthropogenic activities and natural events drive Echinococcus transmission and NHAR provides a notable example illustrating how human activity can impact on a parasitic infection of major public health significance. It is very important to continually monitor these environmental (including climatic) factors that drive the distribution of Echinococcus spp. and their impact on transmission to humans because such information is necessary to formulate reliable future public health policy for echinococcosis control programs and to prevent disease spread.

  11. The prevalence of antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii in horses in Changji Hui Autonomous Prefecture, Xinjiang, northwestern China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jin-Lei Wang

    Full Text Available Toxoplasmosis is a worldwide zoonosis caused by Toxoplasma gondii, which can infect warm-blooded animals and humans. The present study was performed to investigate the seroprevalence of T. gondii in horses in Xinjiang, northwestern China. A total of 637 blood samples were collected from seven regions in Changji Hui Autonomous Prefecture, Xinjiang in 2011 and assayed for T. gondiiantibodies using the modified agglutination test (MAT. Risk factors (age, gender, and region related to seroprevalence were determined by a multivariate logistic regression analysis. A total of 200 horses (31.4%, 95% CI 27.79–35.00 were seropositive for T. gondii. Age, gender, and region present no association with seroprevalence (p>0.05 in the logistic regression analysis. The results indicated that T. gondii is widely prevalent in horses in Xinjiang, northwestern China, representing a serious threat to animal and human health. Therefore, more careful measures should be performed to control and prevent T. gondii infection in horses from Xinjiang, northwestern China.

  12. No Evidence of Human Polyomavirus 9, WU and KI DNA in Kidney and Urinary Bladder Tumour Tissue Samples.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Csoma, Eszter; Bidiga, László; Méhes, Gábor; Gergely, Lajos

    2016-01-01

    The oncogenic potential of human polyomaviruses (HPyVs) has been proposed, but so far only Merkel cell carcinoma polyomavirus seems to be associated with a human tumour. The role of BK polyomavirus (BKPyV) in human tumourigenesis remains controversial. BKPyV establishes persistent infection in the urinary tract, and renal and bladder neoplasms have been studied extensively, but conflicting prevalence data are reported. KI, WU and HPyV9 were detected in urine samples suggesting that these viruses may also infect the urinary tract, but their presence in urinary tract tumours has not been studied. The aim of this work was to examine the prevalence of KIPyV, WUPyV, HPyV9 and BKPyV by PCR in renal and bladder neoplasms. A total of 190 formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded renal neoplasms, bladder cancer and kidney biopsy samples were analysed for the presence of BKPyV, KIPyV, WUPyV and HPyV9 DNA by real-time and nested PCR. Amplifiable DNA was extracted from all the samples, but none of the studied viruses were detected in benign renal neoplasia (0/23), malignant renal tumours (0/89) or bladder cancer (0/76). Our study did not find any evidence that BKPyV, KIPyV, WUPyV or HPyV9 are associated with bladder and renal tumours. © 2016 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  13. QALY weights for diabetic retinopathy--a comparison of health state valuations with HUI-3, EQ-5D, EQ-VAS, and TTO.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heintz, Emelie; Wiréhn, Ann-Britt; Peebo, Beatrice Bourghardt; Rosenqvist, Ulf; Levin, Lars-Åke

    2012-05-01

    To estimate quality-adjusted life-year weights for patients with diabetic retinopathy by using various methods and to investigate the empirical validity of the different measures. The study population comprised 152 patients with diabetes in Östergötland County, Sweden. Participants were interviewed by telephone by using the time trade-off (TTO) method and a visual analogue scale (EQ-VAS) (direct valuations) as well as the EuroQol five-dimensional questionnaire (EQ-5D) and the health utilities index mark 3 (HUI-3) (indirect valuations). The quality-adjusted life-year weights were adjusted for potential confounders by using analysis of covariance. The empirical validity of the measures was examined by testing their ability to detect hypothetical differences between severity levels of diabetic retinopathy and by investigating the correlation between the measures and the 25-item National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire (NEI VFQ-25). All measures detected significant differences in scores between patient groups classified according to visual impairment in the better eye (analysis of covariance, P VAS detected significant differences between patient groups classified according to visual impairment or pathological progression in the worse eye. HUI-3 recorded a difference of 0.43 in values between normal vision and blindness in the better eye, which was more than twice the differences captured by the other measures (0.15-0.20). In addition, HUI-3 showed the highest correlation with NEI VFQ-25 (r = 0.54; P < 0.001). In cost-utility analyses, the choice of quality-adjusted life-year measure may affect whether an intervention is considered cost-effective. Furthermore, if decisions are to be based on values from the general public, HUI-3 can be recommended for cost-utility analyses of interventions directed at diabetic retinopathy. Copyright © 2012 International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research (ISPOR). Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights

  14. [A Study on the quotations in the Wu xing da yi (The Gist of Five Phases) cited from Nei jing (Inner Canon)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Zheng-Shan; Zhang, Qi-Cheng

    2013-07-01

    In the Wu xing da yi (The Gist of Five Phases), written by Xiao Ji of the Sui Dynasty, there were 9 quotations cited from Huang di nei jing (Inner Canon of Huangdi). By comparison with current version of Huang di nei jing, most of the descriptions are similar, yet still with some differences, such as yin-yang nature of the five zang visceras, the liver being the root of "pi ji", the spleen being the root of "cang lin" etc. Wu xing da yi epitomizes the books about yin-yang and five phases before the Sui Dynasty, while Xiao Ji's quotations from Huang di nei jing interpreted from the views of yin-yang and five phases, are different from the annotations of later ages.

  15. Chemical profiling of Di-Wu-Yang-Gan Granules by ultra performance liquid chromatography coupled to quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry with MSE technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tian, Dong; Zhou, Chao; Jia, Hong-Mei; Yu, Meng; Chang, Xing; Zhang, Hong-Wu; Ba, Yuan-Ming; Zou, Zhong-Mei

    2017-08-08

    Di-Wu-Yang-Gan Granules is a Traditional Chinese Medicine prescription used for the treatment of HBeAg-negative chronic hepatitis B patients in China. It consists of five commonly used Chinese herbs. However, the chemical constituents of the whole prescription had not been clarified yet. Hence, in this study, the chemical profiling of Di-Wu-Yang-Gan Granules was explored by ultra performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry, which can provide accurate molecular weight within 5-ppm error and sufficient MS/MS fragment ions without the need for precursor ion selection. As a result, 116 compounds were identified, including lignans, triterpenesaponins, flavonoids, coumarins, iridoids, nortriterpenoids, phenolic acids, and sesquiterpenes. All compounds were further assigned to the individual herbs. In conclusion, this established method was reliable and effective for the separation and identification of the constituents in Di-Wu-Yang-Gan Granules. The findings are beneficial for quality control of the prescription during production and provide helpful chemical information for exploring its efficacy and the mechanism of action. The fragmentation regularity summarized in this study also provided important information for the rapid identification of the chemical composition in herbal medicines or their prescription.

  16. Influence of filling-drawdown cycles of the Three Gorges reservoir on deformation and failure behaviors of anaclinal rock slopes in the Wu Gorge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Da; Gu, Dong Ming

    2017-10-01

    The upper Wu Gorge on the Yangtze River has been the site of tens of reservoir-induced landslides since the filling of the Three Gorges reservoir in 2003. These landslides have been occurring in heavily fractured carbonate rock materials along the rim of the reservoir in the Wu Gorge. A detailed investigation was carried out to examine the influence of reservoir operations (filling and drawdown) on slope stabilities in the upper Wu Gorge. Field investigations reveal many collapses of various types occurred at the toe of the anaclinal rock slopes, owing to the long-term intensive river erosion caused by periodic fluctuation of the reservoir level. Analysis of data from deformation monitoring suggests that the temporal movement of the slopes shows seasonal fluctuations that correlate with reservoir levels and drawdown conditions, with induced slope acceleration peaking when reservoir levels are lowest. This may illustrate that the main mechanism is the reservoir drawdown, which induces an episodic seepage force in the highly permeable materials at the slope toes, and thus leads to the episodic rockslides. The coupled hydraulic-mechanical (HM) modeling of the G2 landslide, which occurred in 2008, shows that collapse initiated at the submerged slope toe, which then caused the upper slope to collapse in a rock topple-rock slide pattern. The results imply that preventing water erosion at the slope toe might be an effective way for landslide prevention in the study area.

  17. Appendix I3-1 to Wind HUI Initiative 1: AWST-WindNET-Phase 1 Final Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    John Zack

    2012-07-15

    This report is an appendix to the Hawaii WindHUI efforts to develop and operationalize short-term wind forecasting and wind ramp event forecasting capabilities. The report summarizes the WindNET Phase 1 efforts on the Big Island of Hawaii and includes descriptions of modeling methodologies, use of field validation data, results and recommendations. The objective of the WindNET project was to investigate the improvement that could be obtained in short-term wind power forecasting for wind generation facilities operating on the island grids operated by Hawaiian Electric Companies through the use of atmospheric sensors deployed at targeted locations. WindNET is envisioned as a multiphase project that will address the short-term wind forecasting issues of all of the wind generation facilities on the all of the Hawaiian Electric Companies' island grid systems. The first phase of the WindNET effort (referred to as WindNET-1) was focused on the wind generation facilities on the Big Island of Hawaii. With complex terrain and marine environment, emphasis was on improving the 0 to 6 hour forecasts of wind power ramps and periods of wind variability, with a particular interest in the intra-hour (0-1 hour) look-ahead period. The WindNET project was built upon a foundation that was constructed with the results from a previously completed observation targeting study for the Big Island that was conducted as part of a project supported by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and interactions with the western utilities. The observational targeting study provided guidance on which variables to measure and at what locations to get the most improvement in forecast performance at a target forecast site. The recommendations of the observation targeting study were based on the application two techniques: (1) an objective method called ensemble sensitivity analysis (ESA) (Ancell and Hakim, 2007; Torn and Hakim, 2008; Zack et al, 2010); and (2) a subjective method based on a

  18. [A molecular epidemiological study of KI polyomavirus and WU polyomavirus in children with acute respiratory infection in Tianjin, China].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Shu-Xiang; Wang, Wei; Guo, Wei; Yang, Hong-Jiang; Ma, Bai-Cheng; Fang, Yu-Lian; Xu, Yong-Sheng

    2017-07-01

    To investigate the relationship of KI polyomavirus (KIPyV) and WU polyomavirus (WUPyV) with acute respiratory infection in children in Tianjin, China. A total of 3 730 nasopharyngeal secretions were collected from hospitalized children with acute respiratory infection in Tianjin Children's Hospital from January 2011 to December 2013. Viral nucleic acid was extracted, and virus infection (KIPyV and WUPyV) was determined by PCR. Some KIPyV-positive and WUPyV-positive PCR products were subjected to sequencing. Sequencing results were aligned with the known gene sequences of KIPyV and WUPyV to construct a phylogenetic tree. Amplified VP1 fragments of KIPyV were inserted into the cloning vector (PUCm-T) transformed into E. coli competent cells. Positive clones were identified by PCR and sequencing. The nucleotide sequences were submitted to GenBank. In addition, another seven common respiratory viruses in all samples were detected by direct immunofluorescence assay. In the 3 730 specimens, the KIPyV-positive rate was 12.14% (453/3 730) and the WUPyV-positive rate was 1.69% (63/3 730). The mean infection rate of KIPyV was significantly higher in June and July, while the mean infection rate of WUPyV peaked in February and March. Most of the KIPyV-positive or WUPyV-positive children were infections with KIPyV, WUPyV, and other respiratory viruses were observed in the children. The co-infection rate was 2.31% (86/3 730) and there were nine cases of co-infections with WUPyV and KIPyV. Thirty-five KIPyV-positive and twelve WUPyV-positive PCR products were sequenced and the alignment analysis showed that they had high homology with the known sequences (94%-100% vs 95%-100%). The VP1 gene sequences obtained from two KIPyV strains in this study were recorded in GenBank with the accession numbers of KY465925 and KY465926. For some children with acute respiratory infection in Tianjin, China, the acute respiratory infection may be associated with KIPyV and WUPy

  19. [Analysis of the hereditary etiology of 336 patients with non-syndromic sensorineural hearing loss from Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region of China].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yan-li; Zhu, Yi-ming; Liu, Xiao-wen; Xu, Bai-cheng; Guo, Yu-fen; Wang, Qiu-ju

    2012-09-01

    To investigate the molecular genetic causes and their characteristics of deafness in Ningxia province, we established screening of three common hereditary deafness genes in 336 deaf and hard-of-hearing patients in this district. Peripheral blood samples were obtained from a total of 336 patients with non-syndromic sensorineural hearing loss in parts of special education schools in Ningxia province to extract genomic DNA. The mitochondrial DNA 12S rRNA m.1555A > G mutation was screened by PCR Alw26I digestion and sequence analysis PCR and direct sequencing were used to analyze the coding region of GJB2 and exons 8 and 19 of SLC26A4. Statistical analysis was performed by using SPSS 11.0 software. Frequencies of different GJB2 or SLC26A4 mutations were compared between Han and Hui people. Among these 336 patients, seven cases (2.08%, 7/336) were found to carry mtDNA 12S rRNA m.1555A > G homozygous mutation, 45 cases (13.39%) were caused by GJB2 mutations and 28 cases (8.33%) had two mutated alleles (homozygote and compound heterozygote) of SLC26A4. In detail, 16.67% (56/336) patients carried GJB2 mutations including 11 single mutant carriers. The allele frequency of c.235delC and c.299_300delAT were 9.52% (64/672) and 2.68% (18/672), respectively, making up 81.19% (82/101) of all pathogenic mutated alleles for GJB2. The single mutant allele carriers of SLC26A4 is 32, and two types (c.919-2A > G and c.2168A > G) accounted for 95.29% (24/27) mutations, totally. We also found that statistically significant differences in c.919-2A > G and c.2168A > G frequencies between Han and Hui people (c.919-2A > G, χ(2) = 8.229, P = 0.004; c.2168A > G, χ(2) = 5.277, P = 0.022). However, there was no statistically significant difference in GJB2 mutation between Han and Hui people. GJB2 mutation was a primary cause for non-syndromic sensorineural hearing loss in Ningxia province, and c.235delC was the most common mutant forms of GJB2. c.919-2A > G and c.2168A > G were common mutant

  20. Arsenic-contaminated cold-spring water in mountainous areas of Hui County, Northwest China: a new source of arsenic exposure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Qiang; Zheng, Quanmei; Sun, Guifan

    2011-11-15

    Although pump-well is the primary drinking water source in rural areas of China, there are still 8.4% of villages reliant on cold-spring. In this study, a survey of arsenic concentration in cold-springs and pump-wells was carried out in Hui County, Northwest China. A total of 352 drinking water samples, including 177 cold-springs and 175 pump-wells, were collected. The maximum arsenic concentrations in cold-springs and pump-wells were 0.482 mg/L and 0.067 mg/L, respectively. We found that 15.8% (28) of total cold-springs and 1.1% (2) of total pump-wells had arsenic concentrations exceeding the maximum allowable concentration of arsenic in drinking water of rural China (0.05 mg/L). Our findings show that 5 cold spring-contaminated villages are located in the mountainous areas of Hui County and 2224 inhabitants may be at risk of high arsenic exposure. This paper indicates that arsenic contamination of cold-springs may be more serious than expected in mountainous areas of Northwest China and extensive surveys and epidemiological studies should be carried out to investigate the potential contaminated areas and affected population. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  1. Overexpression of the NADP+-specific isocitrate dehydrogenase gene (icdA) in citric acid-producing Aspergillus niger WU-2223L.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kobayashi, Keiichi; Hattori, Takasumi; Hayashi, Rie; Kirimura, Kohtaro

    2014-01-01

    In the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle, NADP(+)-specific isocitrate dehydrogenase (NADP(+)-ICDH) catalyzes oxidative decarboxylation of isocitric acid to form α-ketoglutaric acid with NADP(+) as a cofactor. We constructed an NADP(+)-ICDH gene (icdA)-overexpressing strain (OPI-1) using Aspergillus niger WU-2223L as a host and examined the effects of increase in NADP(+)-ICDH activity on citric acid production. Under citric acid-producing conditions with glucose as the carbon source, the amounts of citric acid produced and glucose consumed by OPI-1 for the 12-d cultivation period decreased by 18.7 and 10.5%, respectively, compared with those by WU-2223L. These results indicate that the amount of citric acid produced by A. niger can be altered with the NADP(+)-ICDH activity. Therefore, NADP(+)-ICDH is an important regulator of citric acid production in the TCA cycle of A. niger. Thus, we propose that the icdA gene is a potentially valuable tool for modulating citric acid production by metabolic engineering.

  2. Age and gender distribution of Hepatitis C virus prevalence and genotypes of individuals of physical examination in WuHan, Central China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niu, ZhiLi; Zhang, PingAn; Tong, YongQing

    2016-01-01

    Approximately 170 million people in the world are infected with Hepatitis C virus (HCV). There are no published population based studies about the prevalence of HCV genotypes and the associations of genotype and Infection frequency with gender and age in WuHan. We aimed to investigate the distribution of HCV prevalence and genotypes among different gender and age patients with chronic HCV infection in WuHan from 2011 to 2015. A total of 2685 anti-HCV positive serum samples from individuals of physical examinationwere recruited from the Renmin Hospital of WuHan University, Hubei Province in China from January 2011 to December 2015. From these 2685 anti-HCV positive serum samples, 496 samples were with a positive PCR for HCV RNA. The number of HCV infection showed an increase with year, but the annual infection rate has remained similar (χ(2) = 2.94, P = 0.568). 2685 cases were infected with HCV from 2011 to 2015 in WuHan city of China. Blood transfusion (18.14 %) was the main routs of transmission, followed by Surgery (8.94 %). The highest prevalence of HCV infection was at the age group 50-59 (25.85 % of 2685) and the lowest prevalence was 0-9 (0.93 % of 2685). HCV genotype 1 was the most prevalent (73.39 %), followed by genotypes 2 (17.14 %), 3 (5.25 %) and 6 (3.22 %). Genotype 4 and 5 was not detected in these patients. The most prevalent subtype was subtype 1b (71.98 %), followed by genotypes 2a (17.14 %). Five patients had mixed infection across the HCV subtypes. Among all genotypes, genotype 1 was highest in both male (73.27 %) and female (73.47 %) patients, followed by genotype 2. Genotype 1 (male: 29.84 % of 496, vs female: 43.55 % of 496, χ(2) = 20.07, P < 0.0001), genotype 2 (male: 6.25 % of 496, vs female: 10.89 % of 496, χ(2) = 6.81, P = 0.009), and 6 (male: 1.41 % of 496, vs female: 1.81 % of 496, χ(2) = 0.626, P = 0.401) were more common in female patients than males, while no significant gender differences were

  3. La critique cinématographique : Analyse des contrats de lecture proposés dans la presse traditionnelle d’aujourd’hui

    OpenAIRE

    Krywicki, Boris

    2015-01-01

    De nos jours, l’on constate l’existence de nombreuses alternatives à la critique cinématographique que l’on peut trouver dans la presse traditionnelle. La critique a beaucoup été chahutée au fil du temps : remise en question de la légitimité des journalistes spécialisés, soupçons d’un dénigrement du cinéma populaire, accusation d’être réservée à une élite culturelle… Le genre a changé significativement, tentant de s’adapter à une industrie en constante évolution. Aujourd’hui, l’on peut voir d...

  4. Le fonctionnement en réseau comme élément du contexte d’intervention en santé mentale aujourd’hui

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabelle Deliège

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Le contexte dans lequel sont aujourd’hui amenés à intervenir les professionnels de la santé mentale est de plus en plus marqué par les pratiques de collaboration qui se développent au-delà des frontières d’une institution, qu’on appelle aussi le "travail en réseau". Le modèle du réseau s’est construit en opposition à celui de l’institution; ces deux modèles de fonctionnement se différencient tant dans le rapport qu’ils entretiennent au savoir, qu’à la norme et au contrôle. Cet article resitue l’émergence du concept de réseau dans les politiques publiques belges. Le fonctionnement en réseau dans la pratique soulève aussi une série de difficultés et de questions comme la cohabitation des logiques institutionnelles et réticulaires, la répartition de la responsabilité et les modalités de prise de décision, l’intérêt de la formalisation (ou non des procédures, la responsabilisation de l’usager des services de santé mentale et l’articulation des savoirs autant de questions que pose aujourd’hui le contexte d’intervention en santé mentale.

  5. Impact of anthropogenic and natural environmental changes on Echinococcus transmission in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, the People’s Republic of China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yang Yu

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Echinococcus transmission is known to be affected by various environmental factors, which may be modified by human influence or natural events including global warming. Considerable population growth in the last fifty years in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (NHAR, the People’s Republic of China (PRC, has led to dramatic increases in deforestation and modified agricultural practices. In turn, this has resulted in many changes in the habitats for the definitive and intermediate hosts of both Echinococcus granulosus and E. multilocularis, which have increased the risks for transmission of both parasites, affecting echinococcosis prevalence and human disease. Ecological environmental changes due to anthropogenic activities and natural events drive Echinococcus transmission and NHAR provides a notable example illustrating how human activity can impact on a parasitic infection of major public health significance. It is very important to continually monitor these environmental (including climatic factors that drive the distribution of Echinococcus spp. and their impact on transmission to humans because such information is necessary to formulate reliable future public health policy for echinococcosis control programs and to prevent disease spread.

  6. Effect of Manual Acupuncture Stimulation at "Bai-Hui" (GV 20) or "Yintáng" (Ex-HN3) on Depressed Rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takagi, Ken; Tanahashi, Nobuyuki; Amagasu, Nozomi; Mizuno, Kaito; Kawanokuchi, Jun; Yi, Guo; Ishida, Torao

    2017-01-01

    A previous study on rats showed that simultaneous acupuncture stimulation at the "Bai-Hui" (GV 20) and the "Yintáng" (Ex-HN3) acupoints alleviated the state of depression to an extent similar to that achieved by pharmacotherapy. This study investigated whether the alleviation of the depressed state required simultaneous acupuncture at these two acupuncture points. For the purposes of testing the effect of acupuncture on depressive symptoms, we treated a depression model rat, where depression had been induced by using a mild water-immersion stress technique, with either acupuncture stimulation at only one acupuncture point (GV 20 or Ex-HN3) or an antidepressant, and we measured the immobile time for evaluating the state of depression. Anxiety, as a symptom commonly associated with depression, was also evaluated by measuring the number of head dips. Neither the immobile time nor the number of head dips decreased upon acupuncture stimulation. From this study, single acupuncture stimulation at either "GV 20" or "Ex-HN3" alleviated neither the state of depression nor the anxiety. The water-immersion stress used to make the depression model rats was shown not to induce anxiety; however, the stress induced by immobilizing the rats for acupuncture stimulation did lead to anxiety. Copyright © 2016 Medical Association of Pharmacopuncture Institute. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  7. Modification of Sako-Wu-Prausnitz equation of state for fluid phase equilibria in polyethylene-ethylene systems at high pressures

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    F. Gharagheizi

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available In order to model phase equilibria at all pressures, it is necessary to have an equation of state. We have chosen the Sako-Wu-Prausnitz cubic equation of state, which had shown some promising results. However, in order to satisfy our demands, we had to modify it slightly and fit new pure component parameters. New pure component parameters have been determined for ethylene and the n-alkane series, using vapor pressure data, saturated liquid volume and one-phase PVT-data. For higher n-alkanes, where vapor pressure data are poor or not available, determination of the pure component parameters was made in part by extrapolation and in part by fitting to one-phase PVT-data. Using one-fluid van der Waals mixing rules, with one adjustable interaction parameter, good correlation of binary hydrocarbon system was obtained, except for the critical region. The extension of the equation of state to polyethylene systems is covered in this work. Using the determined parameters, flash and cloud point calculations were performed, and treating the polymer as polydisperse. The results fit data well.

  8. Evaluation of the tuberculosis programme in Ningxia Hui Autonomous region, the People’s Republic of China: a retrospective case study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yang Yu

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Tuberculosis is a devastating disease due to its rapid transmission and high rate of mortality. Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (NHAR, located in the North-west, is one of the poorest provinces in China and national surveys have shown TB has been hyper endemic in NHAR for several decades. As no active surveys had been undertaken since the initiation of the DOTS control program across all of NHAR. Methods A retrospective study was undertaken of all clinical records of TB patients registered from January 2005 to September 2009. Poisson regression was performed to investigate the change in incidence over time and accounted for age, sex and county. Length of time on treatment, disease severity and patient delay were assessed by county. Results More than 30% of patients had been on treatment for over 12 months and 10% for over 3 years, reflecting drug-resistance or failure of DOTS. More than 93% of patients had grade III disease at time of diagnosis and >15% of patients had severe disease grade IV-V in some NHAR counties. Further, 8.8% of patients were not diagnosed for over 6 months from the onset of symptoms; this was as high as 20% in some counties. The reported incidence of TB is most likely grossly underestimated and the data indicate TB is a major public health concern in NHAR. Conclusions It is clear that active surveillance is necessary to determine the full extent of the burden of TB in NHAR. New control and treatment strategies for TB are required that increase awareness in the health-care system and at the individual and community level.

  9. [Variation characteristics of fine particulate matter PM2.5 concentration in three urban recreational forests in Hui Mountain of Wuxi City, Jiangsu Province of East China].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gu, Lin; Wang, Cheng; Wang, Xiao-Lei; Wang, Yan-Ying; Wang, Qian

    2013-09-01

    It is of significance to understand the controlling effects of urban forest on atmospheric fine particulate matter PM2.5 pollution. This paper monitored the variations of atmospheric PM2.5 concentrations in three typical urban recreational forests (Cinnamomum camphora, Pinus elliotii, and Quercus variabilis ) in the Hui Mountain of Wuxi City during the day time (5:00 am-19:00 pm) in autumn and winter, 2011 and in spring and summer, 2012. The meteorological factors were observed simultaneously. The average annual PM2.5 concentration in the three recreational forests was lower than that above the nearby roads, and this concentration in C. camphora and P. elliotii forests was lower than that in Q. variabilis forest. The average annual PM2.5 concentration in the forests and above the nearby roads was lower than the background value in the downtown area of the City. The PM2.5 concentration in the three recreational forests was the lowest in summer, followed by in autumn, and the highest in spring. In addition, the PM2.5 concentration was the lowest in P. elliotii forest in spring, summer, and winter, and in C. camphora forest in autumn, but relatively higher in Q. variabilis forest in all seasons. The diurnal variation of the PM2.5 concentration in the three forests in four seasons all showed nearly "one peak and one vale", with the peak and vale appeared at 7:00-9:00 and 15:00-19:00, respectively. The PM2.5 concentration was significantly correlated with the air moisture and temperature in four seasons, and significantly correlated with the light intensity in winter. Mild winds throughout the seasons had little effects on the PM2.5 concentration.

  10. Inhibition of Neoplastic Transformation and Chemically-Induced Skin Hyperplasia in Mice by Traditional Chinese Medicinal Formula Si-Wu-Tang

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    Mandy M. Liu

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Exploring traditional medicines may lead to the development of low-cost and non-toxic cancer preventive agents. Si-Wu-Tang (SWT, comprising the combination of four herbs, Rehmanniae, Angelica, Chuanxiong, and Paeoniae, is one of the most popular traditional Chinese medicines for women’s diseases. In our previous studies, the antioxidant Nrf2 pathways were strongly induced by SWT in vitro and in vivo. Since Nrf2 activation has been associated with anticarcinogenic effects, the purpose of this study is to evaluate SWT’s activity of cancer prevention. In the Ames test, SWT demonstrated an antimutagenic activity against mutagenicity induced by the chemical carcinogen 7,12-dimethylbenz(aanthracene (DMBA. In JB6 P+ cells, a non-cancerous murine epidermal model for studying tumor promotion, SWT inhibited epidermal growth factor (EGF-induced neoplastic transformation. The luciferase reporter gene assays demonstrated that SWT suppressed EGF-induced AP-1 and TNF-α-induced NF-κB activation, which are essential factors involved in skin carcinogenesis. In a DMBA-induced skin hyperplasia assay in ‘Sensitivity to Carcinogenesis’ (SENCAR mice, both topical and oral SWT inhibited DMBA-induced epidermal hyperplasia, expression of the proliferation marker Proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA, and H-ras mutations. These findings demonstrate, for the first time, that SWT prevents tumor promoter and chemical-induced carcinogenesis in vitro and in vivo, partly by inhibiting DNA damage and blocking the activation of AP-1 and NF-κB.

  11. Contamination and Human Health Risk Assessment of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) in Oysters After the Wu Yi San Oil Spill in Korea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loh, Andrew; Yim, Un Hyuk; Ha, Sung Yong; An, Joon Geon; Kim, Moonkoo

    2017-07-01

    After the collision of the Singapore-registered oil tanker M/V Wu Yi San into the oil terminal of Yeosu, Korea on January 31, 2014, approximately 900 m3 of oil and oil mixture were released from the ruptured pipelines. The oil affected more than 10 km of coastline along Gwangyang Bay. Emergency oil spill responses recovered bulk oil at sea and cleaned up the stranded oil on shore. As part of an emergency environmental impact assessment, region-wide monitoring of oil contamination in oyster had been conducted for 2 months. Highly elevated concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were detected at most of the spill affected sites. Four days after the spill, the levels of PAHs in oysters increased dramatically to 627-81,000 ng/g, the average of which was 20 times higher than those found before the spill (321-4040 ng/g). The level of PAHs in these oysters increased until 10 days after the spill and then decreased. Due to the strong tidal current and easterly winter winds, the eastern part of the Bay-the Namhae region-was heavily contaminated compared with other regions. The accumulation and depuration of spilled oil in oyster corresponded with the duration and intensity of the cleanup activities, which is the first field observation in oil spill cases. Human health risk assessments showed that benzo[a]pyrene equivalent concentrations exceeded levels of concern in the highly contaminated sites, even 60 days after the spill.

  12. Relire Heidi aujourd’hui

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    Isabelle Nières-Chevrel

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Tout le monde connaît en France le nom de Heidi. Mais que sur quoi se fonde ce « Heidi, je connais » ? Est-ce avoir eu entre les mains une petite adaptation publiée dans les années 1980, avoir vu le dessin animé réalisé en 1974 par Isao Takahata (le réalisateur du Tombeau des lucioles, avoir lu une traduction du roman de Johanna Spyri et, plus précisément, de la première partie de ce roman ? Pour les enfants français de l’après-guerre, ce fut la lecture des six volumes publiés par Flammarion...

  13. Le travail aujourd’hui. L’hypothèse de la reconnaissance Work today. The hypothesis of recognition El trabajo hoy: hipótesis del reconocimiento

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michel Wieviorka

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Jusque dans les années 1970, le travail était au cœur de la réflexion sociologique, et du débat public. Aujourd’hui, après les espoirs et les déconvenues des années 1980 et 1990, après la « révolution managériale », et ses dégâts, et qu’il s’agisse du sens qu’il revêt pour l’individu, pour l’entreprise ou pour la société toute entière, il implique d’être repensé à nouveaux frais. Ne sommes-nous pas entrés dans l’ère de la reconnaissance – un concept qui peut nous aider à redonner sens au travail ?Until the mid seventies, work was a key issue in sociological research, as well as in the public debate. During the eighties and the nineties, things changed, and it became difficult to define the meaning of work for individuals, for companies or for the whole society. Today, new approaches are possible, including those that are based on the concept of recognition.Hasta los años 1970, el trabajo estaba en el centro de la reflexión sociológica y del debate público. Hoy, después de las esperanzas y los desengaños de los años 1980 y 1990, tras la “revolución gerencial” y sus estragos, tratándose ya sea del sentido que tiene para el individuo, para la empresa o para la sociedad entera, habrá que volver a pensar el trabajo desde cero. ¿No hemos entrado acaso a la era del reconocimiento, concepto que puede ayudarnos a devolverle un sentido al trabajo?

  14. [Comparative study of theoretical literature on cold pathogenic disease in Wai tai mi yao fang (Arcane Essentials from the Imperial Library) and Tai ping sheng hui fang (Taiping Holy Prescriptions for Universal Relief)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Huirui; Liang, Yongxuan

    2014-09-01

    In the Wai tai mi yao fang (Arcane Essentials from the Imperial Library) compiled in 752, its portion on cold pathogenic disorders embodies the achievements before the mid Tang Dynasty, whereas that in the Tai ping sheng hui fang (Taiping Holy Prescriptions for Universal Relief), compiled in 992 embodies those before the early Song Dynasty. Comparison on the theory of cold disorders in both books reveal that, during the 2 centuries period from mid Tang to early Song Dynasties, the texts as a carrier for the transmission of such theory in both show no distinct changes, but only with minor revisions and improvements.

  15. The influence of essential oils from Xiang-Fu-Si-Wu Decoction on its non-volatile components and its application for pharmacokinetics in normal rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pan, Ying; Qian, Dawei; Liu, Pei; Zhang, Yang; Zhu, Zhenhua; Zhang, Li; Duan, Jin-Ao

    2017-08-15

    Xiang-Fu-Si-Wu Decoction (XFSWD) has been used to treat gynecology diseases in clinical practice for hundreds of years in China, especially for primary dysmenorrheal of QiZhi Type. In previous researches, both essential oils (XEO) and non-volatile components (NXEO) extracted from XFSWD showed significant pharmacological activities, but the influence of XEO on NXEO was unclear. The purpose of this paper was to develop a validated analytical method for simultaneous determination of ten components including Vanillic acid, Ferulic acid, Caffeic acid, Gallic acid, Paeoniflorin, Albiflorin, Tetrahydropalmatine, Protopine, Berberine and Tetrahydrocolumbamine, and to compare the pharmacokinetic parameters of these components to illustrate the influences of XEO on NXEO in normal rats. After being extracted by methanol (1:3, v/v), the plasma samples were analyzed with Clarithromycin (IS 1 ) and Chloramphenicol (IS 2 ) as mixed internal standard (IS). Then the analytes were separated on a ACQUITY UPLC BEH C 18 (100×2.1mm, 1.7μm) column with gradient mobile phase (containing 0.1% formic acid aqueous solution and acetonitrile) at a flow rate of 0.4mL/min. All analytes and mixed IS were performed on an electrospray ionization source (ESI) using multiple-reaction monitoring (MRM) with positive and negative ionization mode. The calibration curves of all the analytes showed good linearity (r >0.99), and the lower limits of quantification (LLOQ) were 0.66-46.88ng/mL. The intra- and inter-day precisions ranged 1.24-12.45% and 2.49-13.24% for all the analytes. The mean extraction recoveries of the analytes were in the range of 73.10-93.71% and the average matrix effects were within 82.39-93.18%. The validated method has been fully applied to compare the pharmacokinetic parameters of ten components in rat plasma after oral administration of NXEO, NXEO+β-cyclodextrin (β-CD), NXEO+XEO, and NXEO+β-XEO (the inclusion of XEO by β-CD). It was found that the area under the concentration

  16. 吴燕平分期治疗经期延长的经验%Experience of Wu Yanping in Treating Prolonged Menstruation with the Method of the Installment of Governance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    左海红; 吴燕平

    2013-01-01

    [目的]总结吴燕平教授分期治疗经期延长的经验.[方法]分别从病因病机、辨证与辨病结合、分期论治等方面论述吴燕平教授治疗经期延长的经验.[结果]本病病机多为“虚、热、瘀”,与肾和冲任关系密切.根据以上病机,提倡辨证与辨病相结合,西医明确病因,中医辨证论治,分期治疗.用药组方多从脾肾入手,攻补兼施,标本兼治.[结论]吴燕平教授采用分期论治,健脾益肾的综合疗法,调整月经周期,调节内分泌,缩短经期,疗效明显.%[Objecrive]The article summarized and discoursed the experience of professor Wu Yanping treating prolonged menstruation with the method of the installment of governance. [Method] Discoursed the experience of professor Wu Yanping treating prolonged menstruation from cause of disease,ptho-genesis.combination of syndrome differentiation and disease.installment of governance and so on.[Result]The cause of disease and pthogenesis are "debilita-tion,heat,stasis".The disease closely relates to kidney, thoroughfare and conception vessels. Professor Wu Yanping advocated the combination of syndrome differentiation and disease and installment of governance according to the cause of disease and pthogenesis.Western medicine makes the causes clear.and TCM treats disease based on syndrome differentiation.The formula mainly relates to spleen and kidney .The treatments combinate both the reinforcement and elimination,and focus on relieving both the secondary and primary symptoms. [Conclusions] Wu Yanping takes stage treatment, the comprehensive therapy of reinforcing spleen to nourish kidney, regulates endocrine and shortens menstruation, with good cure effect.

  17. Deux ouvrages sur le réchauffement climatique. : Emmanuel LE ROYLADURIE, Daniel ROUSSEAU et Anouchka VASAK (2011) : Les fluctuations du climat de l'an mil à aujourd'hui, Éditions FAYARD, Paris, 321 p. – Jean-Claude FLAGEOLLET (2010) : Le réchauffement climatique en Europe. Depuis quand ? Pourquoi ? Éditions DE BOECK, Bruxelles, 140 p.

    OpenAIRE

    BALLAIS, Jean-Louis

    2012-01-01

    International audience; Compte rendu de deux ouvrages :E. Le Roy Ladurie, D. Rousseau, A. Vasak (2011) : Les fluctuations du climat de l'an mil à aujourd'hui,J.-C. Flageollet (2010) : Le réchauffement climatique en Europe. Depuis quand ? Pourquoi ?

  18. Un imaginaire dévoilé/déphasé. Stratégies narratives et mémoire culturelle dans le roman 54 des Wu Ming

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matteo Martelli

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available This essay analyses the narrative strategies through which cultural memory is portrayed in 54, a novel in which Wu Ming (a collective of four Italian fiction writers suggests a literary mapping of the Fifties. This is obtained by a recovery of a shared imaginary tradition which is close to the reader, mixing fictional and historical characters, films, books, different genres of popular literature. Nevertheless, the rewriting of these imaginary traditions involves their displacement, a presentation which is constantly created from an unusual point of view. Thus, shifting the image of what is already known, the text inquires into several modalities of a questioning about cultural memory and its redefinition in relation to contemporary culture. By focusing on these elements, this study proposes an analysis which starts from the construction of the characters, the role of suspense and the adoption of multiple traditions of novel writing.

  19. Retracted: Sirt3 activation attenuated oxidized low-density lipoprotein-induced human umbilical vein endothelial cells' apoptosis by sustaining autophagy by Luo, X, Yang, Z, Zheng, S, Cao, Y and Wu, Y.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-08-01

    The above article, published online on 05 May 2014 in Wiley Online Library (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/cbin.10291/full), has been retracted by agreement between the authors, the journal Editor, Sergio Schenkman, and John Wiley & Sons Ltd. The retraction has been agreed because the authors discovered that the results of section 3 in this paper were irreproducible. In addition, Zhiqiang Yang, a co-author, states conflict of interest in this paper. The authors and publisher apologize for any inconvenience. Reference Luo X, Yang Z, Zheng S, Cao Y, Wu Y (2014) Sirt3 activation attenuated oxidized low-density lipoprotein induced human umbilical vein endothelial cells' apoptosis by sustaining autophagy. Cell Biol Int, https://doi.org/10.1002/cbin.10291. © 2017 International Federation for Cell Biology.

  20. Comparing and explaining differences in the magnitude, content, and sensitivity of utilities predicted by the EQ-5D, SF-6D, HUI 3, 15D, QWB, and AQoL-8D multiattribute utility instruments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richardson, Jeff; Khan, Munir A; Iezzi, Angelo; Maxwell, Aimee

    2015-04-01

    Cost utility analysis permits the comparison of disparate health services by measuring outcomes in comparable units, namely, quality-adjusted life-years, which equal life-years times the utility of the health state. However, comparability is compromised when different utility instruments predict different utilities for the same health state. The present paper measures the extent of, and reason for, differences between the utilities predicted by the EQ-5D-5L, SF-6D, HUI 3, 15D, QWB, and AQoL-8D. Data were obtained from patients in seven disease areas and members of the healthy public in six countries. Differences between public and patient utilities were estimated using each of the instruments. To explain discrepancies between the estimates, the measurement scales and content of the instruments were compared. The sensitivity of instruments to independently measured health dimensions was measured in pairwise comparisons of all combinations of the instruments. The difference between public and patient utilities varied with the choice of instrument by more than 50% for every disease group and in four of the seven groups by more than 100%. Discrepancies were associated with differences in both the instrument content and their measurement scales. Pairwise comparisons of instruments found that variation in the sensitivity to physical and psychosocial dimensions of health closely reflected the items in the instrument's descriptive systems. Results indicate that instruments measure related but different constructs. They imply that commonly used instruments systematically discriminate against some classes of services, most notably mental health services. Differences in the instrument scales imply the need for transformations between the instruments to increase the comparability of measurement. © The Author(s) 2014.

  1. Study to establish Ojeok-San (Five Accumulation Powder: wu ji san) administration criteria and a questionnaire to evaluate the holistic effects of Ojeok-San on patients with low back pain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Eun-Jung; Nam, Dongwoo; Ahn, Byung-Jin; Lee, Seung-Deok; Lee, Jae-Dong; Kim, Kap-Sung

    2013-11-01

    The study objectives were to establish ojeok-san (Five Accumulation Powder: wu ji san) administration criteria and a questionnaire to evaluate the holistic effects of ojeok-san on patients with low back pain (LBP). Texts and literatures, recommended by specialists, were searched to gather ojeok-san-related symptoms. Then, the opinions of Oriental medicine doctors (OMDs) practicing in Seoul were surveyed to ask which symptoms they consider the most in clinical practice. Based on the survey, selection of potential items for the questionnaire was made. The final version was established based on the results of the survey and Delphi process of musculoskeletal diseases specialists. In order to evaluate the reliability and validity of the newly developed assessment tool (Ojeok-san Low Back Questionnaire: OLQ), patients with chronic LBP were recruited. OLQ and other tools such as visual analogue scale, numeric rating scale, Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire, Modified-Modified Schober test, and 36-Item Short Form Health Survey were applied to the subjects in a 2-week interval. Test-retest reliability, internal consistency, and convergent and discrimination validity were assessed. A total of 90 potential items were generated by the research team. One hundred and two (102) OMDs fully replied to the survey. Based on the survey results, 34 items were initially selected as potential items. Through Delphi method of experts, 10 top items, rated more than 5 points on a scale of 10, were finally established. The 10 items were each established as a response scale of 0-10 (0 as no symptom and 10 as the most excessive form of symptom). Based on the above stages, an initial OLQ was established and used in the evaluation phase. The validity and reliability of OLQ assessment results showed high test-retest reliability, intraclass correlation coefficient, and internal consistency. The newly developed Ojeok-san administration criteria and questionnaire may be a promising tool for

  2. Huis vol energie : inspiratie voor energieneutraal wonen

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koenen, F.G.H.; Witkamp, M.

    2011-01-01

    Energiesprong is een programma dat in opdracht van het ministerie van Binnenlandse Zaken en Koninkrijksrelaties/WWI wordt uitgevoerd door de SEV. Het programma loopt van 2010 tot 2014. Energiesprong wil alle partijen in de gebouwde omgeving in beweging zetten om innovatief naar energiegebruik te

  3. Kalender uit Tweede Wereldoorlog kom huis toe

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Erica Balland and the latter has returned it to South Africa after 41 years, to be preserved for posterity. The widow of Peter Ogilvie was traced in Somerset-West and the calender shown to her. She, in turn revealed, that a friend of Peter Ogilvies, Newman Robinson had written a diary dealing with his and Ogilvie's ...

  4. Elsto ontwikkelt hybride aandrijfsysteem in huis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pil, A.

    2014-01-01

    Elsto Drives & Controls kreeg het verzoek om mee te denken over de mogelijkheid om een elektrische aandrijving te combineren met een range extender voor toepassing in een agrarisch voertuig. Dit was het begin van de ontwikkeling (in samenwerking met TNO Transport & Mobility) van een volledig nieuw

  5. Aujourd'hui en France (no 109)

    CERN Multimedia

    1983-01-01

    The discovery of W intermediate boson. Unification of 2 forces. LEP in the future. Aerial views. Brief interviews with : C. Rubbia, B. Aubert, P. Darriulat, D. Langlin, D. Froidevaux. See UA1 and UA2.

  6. Variations autour de la tâche dans l'enseignement / apprentissage des langues aujourd'hui What kind of tasks are used for L2 teaching and learning today?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elke Nissen

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Cet article se donne pour objectif d'identifier les types de tâches, et leurs dénominateurs communs, qui sont présentés aujourd'hui – où "l'approche par les tâches" est soutenue par le Conseil de l'Europe – aux apprenants. Il analyse pour cela les articles issus de deux numéros de revues et un ouvrage collectif récents. Il apparaît que la grande majorité des scénarios pédagogiques s'y inscrit dans la perspective actionnelle... du moins d'après la déclaration des auteurs, car leur définition de ce qu'est une tâche ne correspond pas toujours à celle du CECR. Pour le public visé, étudiants ou professionnels, on propose le plus souvent des mono-tâches, mais également des projets, ou encore des simulations avec un enchaînement de plusieurs tâches. Elles s'inscrivent généralement dans la (future réalité sociale des apprenants, mais certaines laissent également la place à des thèmes artistiques ou (interculturels. Contrairement à ce que l'on aurait pu attendre dans une démarche qui responsabilise l'apprenant, le recours à Internet n'est pas toujours systématique.At a time when action- and task-based learning is sustained by the European Council, this paper explores which types of tasks are given to second language learners today and what aspects these tasks have in common. The paper analyses two recent issues of scientific journals and one collective book. The analysis shows that the majority of pedagogical scenarios described in these texts claim to adopt an action- and task-based approach. However, in reality the way they define a task does not always correspond to the definition given by the European Framework of Reference for Languages. The described tasks are exclusively dedicated to higher and professional education; they are mostly single tasks, but they can also be projects and simulations including several successive tasks. They generally correspond to the learners' (future reality, with themes that are

  7. Bulletin of Materials Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science. Hui Shen. Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 30 Issue 2 April 2007 pp 101-104 Single Crystals. Piezoelectric properties of Sr3Ga2Ge4O14 single crystals · Anhua Wu Jiayue Xu Juan Zhou Hui Shen · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. A new piezoelectric ...

  8. Reply to the comment by Wu et al. (2016) on "Behavior of Re and Os during contact between an aqueous solution and oil: Consequences for the application of the Re-Os geochronometer to petroleum" [Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 158 (2015) 1-21

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reisberg, Laurie; Michels, Raymond; Mahdaoui, Fatima

    2016-08-01

    We reply here to the questions raised by Wu et al. concerning the results published by Mahdaoui et al. (2015). This paper describes experiments in which aqueous solutions containing ReO4- and OsCl62- were brought in contact with natural oils at various ranges of concentration, time and temperature. The main observation is that the transfer of Re and Os to oils is very efficient under all experimental conditions. Wu et al. argue that thermodynamic equilibrium was not achieved in these experiments as apparent partition coefficients are inconsistent. They conclude that the experiments were flawed by possible leaking of reactors and that the conclusions by Mahdaoui et al. (2015) were not justified. In the following reply we explain that Mahdaoui et al. (2015) never claimed that thermodynamic equilibrium was achieved. Any calculations or considerations in this context are therefore meaningless. We recall the objectives of our publication, which were to experimentally test the behavior of ReO4- and OsCl6- (two plausible chemical forms of Re and Os in deep aquifers of petroleum systems) in aqueous solution-oil systems. To our knowledge these are the first experiments of their kind. The parameters that could influence the precision and reproducibility of our results were discussed in detail in Mahdaoui et al. (2015). The essential point is that all 60 of the experiments provide evidence of substantial transfer of Re and Os from water to oil. In contrast to what was mistakenly understood by Wu et al., the paper does not challenge the use of Re-Os to date geological events affecting petroleum. Instead, by providing a mechanism that might allow Os isotopic homogenization on a basin-wide scale, a critical step missing from most current models, it offers a possible explanation of how Re-Os geochronology in oils could potentially work. More generally, our study suggests that transfer of Re and Os from waters to oil may be an important phenomenon that should not be overlooked.

  9. Retraction: "Screening of candidate genes and fine mapping of drought tolerance quantitative trait loci on chromosome 4 in rice (Oryza sativa L.) under drought stress" by Nie, Y. Y., L. Zhang, Y. H. Wu, H. J. Liu, W. W. Mao, J. Du, et al.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    The above article, published online on 15 October 2015 in Wiley Online Library (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ece3.1786/abstract), has been retracted by agreement between the authors, the journal Editor in Chief, Allen Moore, and John Wiley & Sons Ltd. The authors have requested the retraction of their paper because they mistakenly analyzed the wrong backcross lines. This mistake was only recently discovered and they are now in the process of repeating the experiment using the correct Backcross Introgression Lines. The authors apologize for this mistake. Nie, Y. Y., L. Zhang, Y. H. Wu, H. J. Liu, W. W. Mao, J. Du, et al. 2015. Screening of candidate genes and fine mapping of drought tolerance quantitative trait loci on chromosome 4 in rice (Oryza sativa L.) under drought stress. Ecology and Evolution 5(21):5007-5015. doi: 10.1002/ece3.1786. [This retracts the article DOI: 10.1002/ece3.1786.].

  10. Adapting Shakespeare from Western Drama to Chinese Opera | Wu ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Two hundred and forty years after his death, Shakespeare was introduced to China. It was in 1856 that the British missionary William Muirhead mentioned the Bard of Avon in his Chinese translation of British history. In 1878, the first Chinese ambassador in Britain, Guo Song-tao, saw a performance of a Shakespeare play at ...

  11. The Vicissitudes of Walden | Wu | Marang: Journal of Language and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Applying the American philosopher Charles Sanders Peirce's semiotics to the reading of Walden Pond, leads to a discovery that the meanings of the pond can never be fixed or static, but will always be vicissitudinous. This insight underscores the point that any analysis of Walden that attempts to adopt a fixed focus is ...

  12. Supply chain management in selected clothing retail businesses / Jianling Wu

    OpenAIRE

    Wu, Jianling

    2004-01-01

    In today's highly competitive, global market place the pressure on organizations to find new ways to create and deliver value to customers grows ever strong. At the same time, market maturity combined with new sources of global competition has led to over-capacity in many industries leading to an inevitable pressure on price. Managers are increasingly interested in actively managing their supply chains because of environmental changes. The study is aimed to identify the importa...

  13. Vreugde en verdriet in die huis van Jakob

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    p1243322

    Volgens Wenham (1994:243) sinspeel hierdie woorde van Lea tegelyk op die naam Simeon. So 'n klankooreenkoms is egter nie voor die hand liggend nie. • Die naam Levi (yw]l @) sinspeel ook op 'n bekende Hebreeuse werkwoord: (I) hwl. Hierdie werkwoord beteken in die Qal om te vergesel en in die. Nif'al om jouself te ...

  14. Art d’aujourd’hui – Patrimoine de demain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcel Stefanaggi

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available C’est à Paris, à l’Institut National du Patrimoine (INP, et en partenariat avec cette Institution que se tiendront les 24-26 juin 2009 les 13e journées d’études de la SFIIC, sur le thème de la Conservation et restauration des œuvres contemporaines.PrésentationLes œuvres contemporaines présentent des caractères spécifiques, et ne peuvent pas être traitées comme des œuvres d’art « classiques » : leur finalité, souvent différente, les matériaux utilisés, étroitement liés à leur époque, l’utilis...

  15. Een goed huis staat op een goed fundament

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Steens, H.B.A.

    The editorial includes suggestions on the necessity of a well established foundation in order to benefit from new developments (like blockchain, data analytics and robotics). Furthermore it introduces the papers in this issue of the journal.

  16. Vreugde en verdriet in die huis van Jakob

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Krueger

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Happiness and lament in the house of Jacob The birth narrative in Genesis 29:31-30:24 is a coherent mini drama in its own right, although it is embedded in the patriarchal narratives and as such furnishes important background to the unfolding drama in Jacob's house. In this narrative, the reader is invited right into the intricate family relations of a dysfunctional polygamous marriage, where two rivals communicate with each other and their mutual husband by means of the names given at birth to their children and the children of their slave girls. This article focuses on the quest for happiness, which is evident in the births and name-giving in the house of Jacob. Although true happiness remains elusive, at the end both women receive their dues. God keeps a balance between the two contenders, but the birth of Rachel’s son calls for a resolution still to come. The text is thus left open ended.

  17. Terrorisme maritime et piraterie d’aujourd’hui

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hugues Eudeline

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Hors temps de conflits armés, les actes de violence dans le domaine maritime sont essentiellement de deux sortes : la piraterie, pratiquée à des fins privées, et le terrorisme qui poursuit des objectifs politiques. Répondant à des logiques différentes, ces deux formes de violence constituent, indépendamment, des menaces pour les 50 000 navires marchands qui transportent plus de 90% du commerce mondial. Leur éventuelle collusion, si elle était de grande ampleur, pourrait avoir un effet multiplicateur entraînant des conséquences très importantes sur une économie mondiale fragilisée.L’environnement physique qu’elles partagent est propice aux activités illégales. La mer couvre 71% de la surface du globe et constitue un espace pour l’essentiel libre de toute emprise étatique et impossible à contrôler. Les nombreuses actions des pirates autour de l’Afrique malgré les réactions internationales le montrent à l’envi. En parallèle, la mouvance terrorisme islamiste développe une stratégie d’attaque de l’économie mondiale dont les flux maritimes constituent un des principaux piliers.Les liens des deux activités avec la criminalité les rapprochent également. Le terrorisme les entretient pour des raisons logistiques et financières, alors que la piraterie, avec les différents trafics, en est une composante maritime majeure.Cette proximité et une complémentarité des compétences nécessaires à leur pratique pourraient les rapprocher plus encore. Cette entente contre-nature permettrait d’associer les connaissances nautiques des pirates, marins expérimentés aux capacités de planification des terroristes.Apart from times of high intensity conflict, the two main forms of violence at sea are piracy, and maritime terrorism. If the former is perpetrated at private ends, the latter is politically motivated. Although addressing different ends, both activities are important threats for the 50,000 merchant vessels sailing the oceans and moving 90% of our world’s commerce. A piracy-terrorism nexus, if widely spread, could have lethal consequences for a weakened world economyBoth of them share a physical environment favorable to illegal activities. The oceans covering nearly three-quarters of the planet, freedom of the high seas make them impossible to control. Enduring piracy activities around Africa displays it at will. In parallel, Islamist terrorism implements its strategy targeting the world economy of which sea trade is one of the main pillars. Both activities are also closely linked to criminal activities: Terrorism for logistic purposes, while piracy is one of its main maritime components. Recognizing the close relationship between both activities, along with the complementarities of some specific skills could bring them even closer. Such an unnatural alliance could bring together the seamanship of pirates with the planning expertise of highly motivated terrorists.

  18. Vreugde en verdriet in die huis van Jakob | Krueger | HTS ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This article focuses on the quest for happiness, which is evident in the births and name-giving in the house of Jacob. Although true happiness remains elusive, at the end both women receive their dues. God keeps a balance between the two contenders, but the birth of Rachel's son calls for a resolution still to come. The text ...

  19. Kalender uit Tweede Wereldoorlog kom huis toe | Steyn | Scientia ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... the Canadian presented this calender to the mother of Mrs Erica Balland and the latter has returned it to South Africa after 41 years, to be preserved for posterity. The widow of Peter Ogilvie was traced in Somerset-West and the calender shown to her. She, in turn revealed, that a friend of Peter Ogilvies, Newman Robinson ...

  20. Een huis voor humanisten : het Humanistisch Verbond (1946-2006)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gasenbeek, A.; Brabers, J.; Kuijlman, W.J.

    Het Humanistisch Verbond (HV) kent een bewogen geschiedenis. In de eerste twee decennia na de oprichting in 1946 stond de strijd voor gelijkberechtiging van humanisten en buitenkerkelijken voorop. Toen halverwege de jaren zestig het Verbond algemene maatschappelijke erkenning had verworven, zette

  1. Subcellular localization of Bombyx mori ribosomal protein S3a and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Subcellular localization of Bombyx mori ribosomal protein S3a and effect of its over-expression on BmNPV infection. Z Wu-song, B Xian-xun, X Jia-ping, Y Zheng-ying, Y Ying, W Hui-ling, W Wen-bing ...

  2. Bulletin of Materials Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science. Liqing Luo. Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 35 Issue 2 April 2012 pp 259-263. Crystal growth and magnetic property of YFeO3 crystal · Anhua Wu Hui Shen Jun Xu Zhanliang Wang Linwen Jiang Liqing Luo Shujuan Yuan Shixun Cao Huaijin Zhang.

  3. Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research - Vol 15, No 9 (2016)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Bo Yin, Jian-Jun Ji, Ming Yang, 1833-1837. http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/tjpr.v15i9.3 ... Shuai Liu, Jing Zhang, Xiao-Zhan Zhang, Hui-Hui Zhang, Xing-Wu Li, Shi-Jie Zhang, 1853-1858. http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/tjpr.v15i9.6 ... Pei-Xing Li, Feng Ru, Yan-Min Lu, Lei Zhang, 1889-1896. http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/tjpr.v15i9.11 ...

  4. N(HI) and Jet Power/Emission in AGNs Zhongzu Wu1,∗ , Minfeng ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Abstract. Neutral hydrogen (HI) 21-cm absorption has been detected against very powerful radio jets. In this paper, based on Gupta's sample. (Gupta et al. 2006), we present our preliminary study of the correlations between the HI column density N(HI) and the jet power, N(HI) versus the low frequency luminosity at 408 MHz, ...

  5. Reviving ancient Chinese mathematics mathematics, history and politics in the work of Wu Wen-Tsun

    CERN Document Server

    Hudecek, Jiri

    2014-01-01

    Twentieth-century China has been caught between a desire to increase its wealth and power in line with other advanced nations, which, by implication, means copying their institutions, practices and values, whilst simultaneously seeking to preserve China's independence and historically formed identity. Over time, Chinese philosophers, writers, artists and politicians have all sought to reconcile these goals and this book shows how this search for a Chinese way penetrated even the most central, least contested area of modernity: science.Reviving Ancient Chinese Mathematics is a study of the life

  6. Restoration and source identification of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons after the Wu Yi San oil spill, Korea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jang, Yu Lee; Lee, Hyo Jin; Jeong, He Jin; Park, Shin Yeong; Yang, Won Ho; Kim, Heung-Yun; Kim, Gi Beum

    2016-10-15

    On January 31, 2014, an oil spill accident occurred in Yeosu, South Korea. A total 800-899kl of oil from the pipeline was spilled into the sea. After the oil spill, the KIOST (Korea Institute of Ocean Science & Technology) researched PAHs (polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons) in various media, but sedimentary PAHs were not analyzed despite their longer persistency than in other media. Therefore, this study examined PAH levels in intertidal sediments around Gwangyang Bay and identified PAH sources using oil fingerprinting. PAH residual levels showed a dramatic decrease during the four months after the accident and then remained at a relatively constant level. Analysis through regression equations indicate that this study area is likely to be restored to the PAH levels prior to the accident. Furthermore, the source analysis and oil fingerprinting analysis showed that PAH contamination in this study was unlikely to have originated from the spilled oil. Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  7. BN~r" .wU1!9 1\\ I

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    email, postal and residential address, telephone numbers, academic qualifications starting from B.Sc 'onwards, teaching experience, courses taught, positions held and a statement indicating reasons for interest in participating in the course. Teachers applying for participation are also requested to indicate that necessary ...

  8. You Wei and Wu Wei: Ambivalence of Chinese outbound mergers and acquisitions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sun, Z.

    2016-01-01

    China is assuming an increasingly prominent position in the world economy as the investment begins to flow from China to the world. Compared to the ‘West goes to China’, the institutional environment, the cultural roots and the corresponding managerial behaviours are quite distinct. These distinct

  9. Analysing the Wu metric on a class of eggs in Cn–II

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. G P BALAKUMAR1 PRACHI MAHAJAN2. Indian Statistical Institute, Chennai 600 113, India; Department of Mathematics, Indian Institute of Technology – Bombay, Mumbai 400 076, India ...

  10. Effect of Zhen-wu decoction on chronic heart failure in rats

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    legislation_en.htm. 16. Seddon M, Looi YH, Shah AM. Oxidative stress and redox signalling in cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure. Heart 2006; 12: 131-138. 17. Azevedo PS, Minicucci MF, Santos PP. Energy metabolism in cardiac remodeling and ...

  11. Estimating Black Hole Masses of Blazars Xue-Bing Wu1,∗ , FK Liu1 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Using this technique, the BLR size can be measured using the time lag between variations of continuum and emission line fluxes. The black hole mass can be derived from the BLR size and the characteristic velocity using the virial law. So far, reverberation mapping studies have yielded black hole masses of about 40.

  12. Molecular epidemiology of WU polyomavirus in hospitalized children with acute respiratory tract infection in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Teng; Lu, Qing-Bin; Zhang, Shu-Yan; Wo, Ying; Zhuang, Lu; Zhang, Pan-He; Zhang, Xiao-Ai; Wei, Wei; Liu, Wei

    2017-05-01

    To explore the molecular epidemiology and clinical characteristics of Washington University polyomavirus (WUPyV) infection in pediatric patients with acute respiratory tract infections in China. A laboratory surveillance was performed to recruit pediatric patients with acute respiratory tract infections. WUPyV was detected using real-time PCR and complete genome was sequenced for randomly selected positive nasopharyngeal aspirate. Altogether 122 (7.5%) of 1617 children found to be infected with WUPyV and 88 (72.1%) were coinfected with other viruses during 2012-2015. The phylogenetic analysis showed that 14 strains from our study formed two new clusters (Id and IIIc) within the Branch I and Branch III, respectively. WUPyV is persistently circulating in China. Surveillance on WUPyV infection in wider areas and long persistence is warranted.

  13. Effect of healthy Qigong “WuQinXi” exercise on peripheral blood T ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    USER

    2010-07-19

    Jul 19, 2010 ... tation in order to enhance their TCC skills and provide an exercise cool-down. All participants were asked to continue their normal living routines without restricting their diets or altering their eating habits. After 3 months (when subjects had fasted for at least 8 h), blood was collected, centrifuged at 3500 rpm ...

  14. Analysing the Wu metric on a class of eggs in ℂn – I

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    G P BALAKUMAR

    imal metric η, form a new metric whose unit ball about the origin in each tangent space, is the ellipsoid of minimal volume containing the unit ball with respect to η. By an ellip- soid, we mean the image of a ball in the standard l2-norm, under a linear automorphism of. Cn. As ellipsoids furnish the simplest compact convex sets ...

  15. Effect of Zhen-wu decoction on chronic heart failure in rats | Liu ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research. Journal Home · ABOUT THIS JOURNAL · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives · Journal Home > Vol 16, No 10 (2017) >. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.

  16. Les peuples des forêts tropicales aujourd'hui : 5. Pacific region : Melanesia

    OpenAIRE

    Kocher Schmid, C. (ed.); Ellen, R. (ed.)

    2000-01-01

    The research of the NRI (National Research Institute)-FRP team followed the outline set out in a questionnaire for the IIED (International Institute for Environment and Development) Country Study on Papua New Guinea, "Policy that Works for Forest and People". It contains a detailed set of research questions on issues of land use and forest management in rural communities (see appendix 1). This questionnaire was prepared by Colin Filer (NRI), Nikhil Sekhran (PNG Conservation and Resources Cent...

  17. Infinite Dimensional Stochastic Analysis : in Honor of Hui-Hsiung Kuo

    CERN Document Server

    Sundar, Pushpa

    2008-01-01

    This volume contains current work at the frontiers of research in infinite dimensional stochastic analysis. It presents a carefully chosen collection of articles by experts to highlight the latest developments in white noise theory, infinite dimensional transforms, quantum probability, stochastic partial differential equations, and applications to mathematical finance. Included in this volume are expository papers which will help increase communication between researchers working in these areas. The tools and techniques presented here will be of great value to research mathematicians, graduate

  18. L'université aujourd'hui | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Depuis ses origines médiévales à nos jours, l'Université a joué un rôle important dans le développement et la transmission du savoir. Mais à la fin du XXe siècle, après 40 années d'expansion ininterrompue, l'institution de haut savoir subit partout des contraintes financières.

  19. Jane Eyre, Past and Present Jane Eyre, d’hier à aujourd’hui

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Armelle Parey

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available The present collection of articles along with a few additional contributions contains the proceedings of a conference held at the university of Caen Basse-Normandie, France in May 2004. Entitled “Jane Eyre, Past and Present”, its aim was to study the posterity of Charlotte Brontë’s novel and/or character since its publication in 1847. That two-thirds of the texts studied in this volume were published in the last decade of the twentieth century attests to the fact that rewriting has become a m...

  20. Hui et al., Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. (2015) 12(2):103-113 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Proff.Adewunmi

    Background and Objective: Bamboo salt, Calcined oyster, Drynaria fortunei, Indigo naturalis and Rehmannia glutinosa have been the main ingredients of many formulations in Chinese medicine for the treatment of toothache. This study evaluated the effect of a new desensitizing gel on dentin hypersensitivity (DH). Materials ...

  1. Pascal (Yang Hui) triangles and power laws in the logistic map

    Science.gov (United States)

    Velarde, Carlos; Robledo, Alberto

    2015-04-01

    We point out the joint occurrence of Pascal triangle patterns and power-law scaling in the standard logistic map, or more generally, in unimodal maps. It is known that these features are present in its two types of bifurcation cascades: period and chaotic-band doubling of attractors. Approximate Pascal triangles are exhibited by the sets of lengths of supercycle diameters and by the sets of widths of opening bands. Additionally, power-law scaling manifests along periodic attractor supercycle positions and chaotic band splitting points. Consequently, the attractor at the mutual accumulation point of the doubling cascades, the onset of chaos, displays both Gaussian and power-law distributions. Their combined existence implies both ordinary and exceptional statistical-mechanical descriptions of dynamical properties.

  2. Comment peut-on lire Ivan Hadjiiski aujourd’hui ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Svetla Koleva

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Présentation de deux textes d’Ivan Hadjiiski (1907-1944 : « Les racines historiques de nos traditions démocratiques » paru pour la première fois dans la Revue Philosophique/Filossofski pregled, 1937, 9/1 ; et « Traits atypiques du développement de notre société », paru dans Problèmes sociologiques/Sotziologitcheski problemi, 1986, n° 3, et publiés ici avec l’autorisation des tenants des droits d’auteur.How to read Ivan Hadjiiski today? Introduction to two Ivan Hajiisji’s textsPresentation of Ivan Hadjiiski’s two texts:"Historical roots of our democratic traditions", first published in Philosophical Journal/Filossofski pregled, 1937, 9/1, and "Atypical features of our society’s development" first published in Sociological Problems/Sotziologitcheski problemi, 1986, n° 3, which are published here with the kind authorization of copyright owners.¿Como se puede leer hoy Ivan Hadjiiski?Introducción y análisis de dos textos de Ivan Hadjiiski: "Las raíces históricas de nuestras tradiciones democráticas", publicado por primera vez en EstudioFilosófico/Filossofski pregled, 1937, 9/1, y "Aspectos inhabituales del desarrollo de la sociedad actual" publicado por primera vez en Problemas sociológicos/Sotziologitcheski problemi, 1986, n° 3, y aquí publicados con la amable autorización de los teniendos de los derechos de autor.

  3. Het huis van ik : ideologie en theorie in het Nederlandse vormgevingsonderwijs

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Eijnde, Jeroen Nicolaas Maria van den

    2015-01-01

    The House of I. Ideology and Theory in the Netherlands' Design Education is based on the hypothesis that Dutch Art Academies, which since the emergence of (applied) art education have focused expressly on training the professional artist type - in stead of a focus on the dependent artist type (the

  4. Ecoles coraniques d'hier et ecoles arabes d'aujourd'hui au Benin ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... question des in put et des out put des formations. Dès lors, aux côtés des structures publiques d'enseignement, émergent des établissements privés aussi bien profanes que confessionnels rivalisant les uns les autres sur la qualité des formations dispensées. Les établissements d'enseignement islamiques participent-ils ...

  5. Art d’aujourd’hui, patrimoine de demain. Conservation et restauration des œuvres contemporaines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muriel Verbeeck-Boutin

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Paru, et c’est un tour de force, dans le temps même où débutait le colloque du même nom,  l’ouvrage met à disposition le texte des trente-neuf communications présentées à cette occasion. Les trois journées étaient consacrées à des thématiques diverses, illustrées par des orateurs venus de tous les horizons. La richesse des interventions et leur nombre ne nous permettront pas de nous arrêter à leur détail, et nous proposons ici une introduction, ainsi qu’un bref retour sur les échanges et disc...

  6. Le probleme des valeurs a l'ecole française aujourd'hui

    Science.gov (United States)

    Legrand, Louis

    1995-01-01

    Since the 1960s the French public school system has virtually abandoned the attempt to teach moral values, leaving students morally disoriented. The author finds this situation profoundly unhealthy and argues that schools have a responsibility to help in developing the ability of pupils to make moral choices and act accordingly. He rejects the rationalist view that science makes traditional morality unnecessary. At the same time, he recognizes the moral value of the scientific respect of truth and objectivity. He argues for a form of moral education which would inculcate respect for different points of view, cultural norms and religious beliefs, and which would not shy away from addressing morally important issues such as drag abuse, violence, sexuality, social justice, poverty, racism and environmental pollution.

  7. La lecture publique dans la Meuse : aujourd'hui et demain

    OpenAIRE

    Poissenot, Claude

    2003-01-01

    Il s'agit de dresser un bilan de la fréquentation des bibliothèques dans le département de la Meuse. A partir de ce constat, un certain trois pistes de travail sont examinées pour orienter une future politique de lecture publique dans le département : redéfinir un projet de lecture publique, restructurer le réseau, promouvoir les services offerts.

  8. Astronomie spatiale infrarouge, aujourd’hui et demain = Infrared space astronomy, today and tomorrow

    CERN Document Server

    Lequeux, J; David, F

    2000-01-01

    This book brings together the lectures given at the Les Houches summer school "Infrared space astronomy, today and tomorrow". It gives a wide overview of infrared astronomy, a wavelength domain crucial for studies of the solar system, stars at the beginning and end of their lives, interstellar matter and galaxies at all distances. Recent developments in observational techniques have been tremendous. The first contributions give an introduction to the basic physical processes and methods of detection and data processing. They are followed by a series of lectures dealing with the wide variety of astronomical objects that can be seen in the infrared.

  9. 實徵研究/Information Literacy in the Workplace: A Cross-cultural Perspective/Yuhfen Diana Wu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuhfen Diana Wu Yuhfen Diana Wu

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available This cross-cultural study has two main purposes: to investigate how information literacy is perceived in the workplace and to discover how employees obtain information to carry out their jobs in an effective and timely fashion. This project applies a mix of research methods, including site visits, interviews, and a survey. More than 120 participants from forty companies were involved in this study. They were from a wide variety of industries in Taiwan and Silicon Valley, in Northern California, where many companies base offices or operations from around the world. Major obstacles in conducting cross-continent research are cost, time demands, scheduling, and adaptation to local culture. In this global economy, cross-cultural and cross-border research will help educators, such as librarians, understand the complexity of skills expected in the workplace. Much has been written on information literacy, yet very few can relate how information literacy is applied in the workplace. This primary study sheds some light to help academic librarians reposition themselves as researchers-educators integral to student success. 本論文為一跨文化性的研究,具有兩個主要目的:一是探討在職場中對於資訊素養的認知;二是探討員工如何及時有效的獲取和應用資訊來執行自己的任務。本研究採用混合式研究方法,包括實地考察、訪談和問卷調查。研究對象來自北加州矽谷和臺灣40家企業的120多名員工,他們分別從事不同行業。其中許多世界級的跨國企業選擇矽谷或臺灣作為公司總部或世界營運樞紐。進行跨洲研究的主要阻礙包括經費、時間、行程安排與適應當地的文化。跨文化和跨國界的研究將有助於教育工作者,如圖書館員,了解職場上所需技能的複雜性。目前已出版許多關於資訊素養的文獻,僅少涉及職場上資訊素養的應用。由於學術圖書館員在學生的學習過程中扮演不可或缺的角色,此初步研究,可幫助學術圖書館員重新為自己定位。 頁次:84-104

  10. A computational exploration of the McCoy-Tracy-Wu solutions of the third Painlevé equation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fasondini, Marco; Fornberg, Bengt; Weideman, J. A. C.

    2018-01-01

    The method recently developed by the authors for the computation of the multivalued Painlevé transcendents on their Riemann surfaces (Fasondini et al., 2017) is used to explore families of solutions to the third Painlevé equation that were identified by McCoy et al. (1977) and which contain a pole-free sector. Limiting cases, in which the solutions are singular functions of the parameters, are also investigated and it is shown that a particular set of limiting solutions is expressible in terms of special functions. Solutions that are single-valued, logarithmically (infinitely) branched and algebraically branched, with any number of distinct sheets, are encountered. The algebraically branched solutions have multiple pole-free sectors on their Riemann surfaces that are accounted for by using asymptotic formulae and Bäcklund transformations.

  11. Les Peuples des forêts tropicales aujourd'hui: volume II, Une approche thématique

    OpenAIRE

    Bahuchet, Serge

    2000-01-01

    Le dispositif de terrain adopté par APFT répondait à notre souci de dépasser les particularismes locaux, en donnant une vision globale des habitants des forêts tropicales, confirmant certes l'extraordinaire diversité, mais montrant de grandes constantes. En effet, ces “cas” se complètent les uns les autres et illustrent des situations diverses, ce qui permet de dégager les traits communs aux populations forestières. L'approche comparative met en évidence des problèmes généraux récurrents dont...

  12. L’insularité aujourd’hui : entre mythes et réalités

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thierry Nicolas

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available De nombreuses études, dans des domaines variés (économie, statistiques, géographie…, s’attachent en effet à saisir les contraintes que fait peser la géographie sur la réussite économique des îles. Pour la plupart d’entre elles, l’insularité se présente comme une donnée négative qui génère une série de handicaps difficilement surmontables (exiguïté du territoire, faible peuplement, surcoûts, etc.. Cependant les perspectives de développement de ces territoires isolés en permanence par la mer, dotés de possibilités réduites en termes d’espace, de ressources naturelles ou humaines, ou de taille de marché, ne sont pas systématiquement vouées à l’échec.Numerous studies in various fields (economics, statistics, geography, etc., have attempted to define  the constraints posed by geographic reality on the economic success of the islands. For the most part , these studies present insularity as a handicap difficult to overcome  (limited territorial extent, sparse population, higher costs, etc.. Nevertheless the development prospects of these territories permanently isolated by the sea, with reduced opportunities in terms of space, natural resources or human, or market size, are not necessarily doomed to failure

  13. The on-orbit calibration of geometric parameters of the Tian-Hui 1 (TH-1) satellite

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Jianrong; Wang, Renxiang; Hu, Xin; Su, Zhongbo

    2017-02-01

    The on-orbit calibration of geometric parameters is a key step in improving the location accuracy of satellite images without using Ground Control Points (GCPs). Most methods of on-orbit calibration are based on the self-calibration using additional parameters. When using additional parameters, different number of additional parameters may lead to different results. The triangulation bundle adjustment is another way to calibrate the geometric parameters of camera, which can describe the changes in each geometric parameter. When triangulation bundle adjustment method is applied to calibrate geometric parameters, a prerequisite is that the strip model can avoid systematic deformation caused by the rate of attitude changes. Concerning the stereo camera, the influence of the intersection angle should be considered during calibration. The Equivalent Frame Photo (EFP) bundle adjustment based on the Line-Matrix CCD (LMCCD) image can solve the systematic distortion of the strip model, and obtain high accuracy location without using GCPs. In this paper, the triangulation bundle adjustment is used to calibrate the geometric parameters of TH-1 satellite cameras based on LMCCD image. During the bundle adjustment, the three-line array cameras are reconstructed by adopting the principle of inverse triangulation. Finally, the geometric accuracy is validated before and after on-orbit calibration using 5 testing fields. After on-orbit calibration, the 3D geometric accuracy is improved to 11.8 m from 170 m. The results show that the location accuracy of TH-1 without using GCPs is significantly improved using the on-orbit calibration of the geometric parameters.

  14. Think the future to act now; Penser l'avenir pour agir aujourd'hui

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-07-01

    The object of the club 'Energy, prospective and discussions', created in september 1998, is to provide the continuity of the engaged works in the commission 'Energy 2010-2020' and to understand the ideas evolution. The technical progress, the institutions, the shock of the societies and the cultures, of the nature, the world-wide, lead every day to forecasting, which are guidelines for the public decisions, more and more risky. This complexity analysis is needed for a long-dated energy policy. Thus the club analysed and compared the long-dated and international scenario; made the transfer of the information on the development concerning the energy and the environment; defined subjects of discussion; begun and managed scientific studies. This progress report presents the proceedings of the first year of the club. (A.L.B.)

  15. Europinė semiotika šiandien | Sémiotique européenne d’aujourd’hui

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kęstutis Nastopka

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Dans le champ sémiotique, deux approches épistémologiques se distinguent : sémiotique européenne et sémiotique américaine. La sémiotique européenne, issue de la théorie du signe linguistique de Ferdinand de Saussure, dans les années 1960 voit se former deux écoles indépendantes : celle de Paris (de Greimas et celle de Tartou-Moscou (de Lotman.La sémiotique dite « standard » de Greimas présente une théorie du discours envisagé comme un tout de signification. En comprenant la signification comme un processus, Greimas décrit les transformations des significations d’après le modèle du discours mythique élaboré par Vladimir Propp. Le monde est traité comme discontinu et composé d’oppositions. Dans les années 1980 l’école greimassienne passe de la sémiotique de faire à celle d’état, de la discontinuité à la continuité, de l’objet au sujet, de l’énoncé à l’énonciation. Dans la sémiotique des passions au centre du programme narratif se trouve une compétence modale du sujet. Ces derniers temps, parmi les héritiers de Greimas, à côté de la sémiotique tensive qui choisit un métalangage savant et des schématisations un peu arides, apparaît une sémiotique esthésique, issue de De l’imperfection de Greimas.Le concept de systèmes modelants secondaires est devenu une sorte d’emblème de l’école de Tartou. Ce terme détermine des structures communicatives différentes, organisées d’après le modèle des signes linguistiques. A la recherche d’un métalangage scientifique, commun aux diverses disciplines humaines, on s’oriente vers la linguistique structurale et la théorie de l’information. Autour de l’année 1980, dans la sémiotique de Lotman la conception du texte commeune manifestation de la langue est changée par celle du texte qui produit sa propre langue. Le texte est considéré non plus comme un systéme autonome, synchronique mais comme un énoncé, inséparable de la mémoire d’énonciation. De la description des systèmes modelants secondaires on se tourne vers la sémiotique de culture. Le bornage des frontières et la discontinuité sont traités comme des éléments essentiels de la sémiosphère, c’est-à-dire, de l’espace où se réalise la sémiosis.Dans l’article, c’est le choix épistémologique qui est considéré comme une pierre d’achoppement d’un accord entre la sémiotique européenne et celle américaine. Les uns comprennent la signification comme une certaine structure mentale (signifié ou comme un ensemble des traits sémantiques (intension, les autres la conçoivent comme un référent non-linguistique ou comme un ensemble des objets du monde extérieur (extension. La brèche entre l’intension et l’extension peut être remplie par l’instance de l’énonciation. Entre la perception et la signification s’intercale le langage comme une visée intentionnelle du monde. En examinant le rapport entre deux sémiotiques on a recours à l’ouvrage d’Umberto Eco Kant et l’ornithorynque et au roman Le secret du professeur Amfortas d’Eero Tarasti.

  16. La Bob Jones University : hier et aujourd’hui Bob Jones University : Past and Present

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mokhtar Ben Barka

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the separatist beliefs and practices at Bob Jones University. Firstly, it shows that despite the recent changes, this institution still represents the old face of fundamentalist higher education. Secondly, this essay focuses on the controversy around Republican candidate George W. Bush’s appearance at Bob Jones University.

  17. Catherine Monnot, Petites filles d'aujourd'hui. L'apprentissage de la féminité,

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rebecca Rogers

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Plus de trente ans après la publication Du côté des petites filles d'Elena Gianini Belotti (Éditions des femmes, 1973, Catherine Monnot se penche sur ce qui « 'fait grandir' les filles à une époque et dans un type de société où les rites de passage semblent avoir en grande partie disparu »  (p. 12. En posant la question de la spécificité des expériences des jeunes filles, l'auteure, doctorante en anthropologie, s'intéresse aux processus et aux influences qui contribuent à les façonner comm...

  18. [Textual research on circulated versions of Wen re lun (On epidemic warm diseases) and its related problems].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Zhi-bin

    2007-10-01

    The Wen re lun (On Epidemic Warm Diseases), written by Ye Tian-shi, a famous physician of epidemic warm diseases in the Qing dynasty, was originally a teaching record between the tutors and disciples. The book was originally anonymous, and there were two different circulated versions compiled by two different scholars. The Wen zheng lun zhi (Treatment of Warm Syndromes) was arranged by Tang Da-lie, and its first edition was Wu yi hui jiang (Collected Discourses of Physicians in Wu Region), an xylographic edition of Tang's Wenxin Thatched Cottage in Wu region block-printed in the 57th year of Qianlong (1792). The Wen re lun (On Epidemic Warm Diseases) was arranged by Hua Xiu-yun, and its first edition was Weisheng Tang edition probably in the 42nd year of Qianlong of the Qing dynasty (1777) with disordered book names, which should be unified and marked. Hua Xiu-yun wasn't Ye's follower, and he looked for and arranged Ye's medical cases because of the adoration to Ye Tian-shi. The texts of these two editions were the same, while the academic style differed substantially.

  19. Impacts of land use change scenarios on hydrology and land use patterns in the Wu-Tu watershed in Northern Taiwan

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lin Yu-Pin,; Hong Nien-Ming,; Wu Pei-Jung,; Wu Chen-Fa,; Verburg, P.H.

    2007-01-01

    Developing an approach for simulating and assessing land use changes and their effects on land use patterns and hydrological processes at the watershed level is essential in land use and water resource planning and management. This study provided a novel approach that combines a land use change

  20. 圖書館事業與交流/The Relationship of Leadership Development and Learning Organization Dimensions/Connie K. Haley, Yuhfen Diana Wu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Connie K. Haley, Yuhfen Diana Wu Connie K. Haley, Yuhfen Diana Wu

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available This research examined the relationship among learning organization dimensions, leadership development, employee development, and their interactions with two demographic variables (gender and ethnicity in the context of libraries. The researchers conducted a multivariate analysis of the variance to assess the differences by leadership training groups (low training hours vs. high training hours, or by gender; and by workplace training groups (low vs. high, or by ethnicity (white vs. all others on a linear combination of the seven dimensions of the learning organization. A conclusive summary is provided along with contributive discussion. Implications and contributions to librarians are discussed in addition to future research recommendations. Also included are conclusive final thoughts accompanied by the limitations of this research. 本研究旨在探討美國圖書館界學習型組織,領導智能與員工發展之間的關系,以及它們與兩項人口變量(性別、種族)的相互作用。作者採用線性組合研究了學習型組織的七個範疇,並且使用多變量變異數分析方法來評估領導智能培訓組的差異(培訓時數多寡對比),在職培訓組的差異(培訓時數多寡對比),及種族的差異(白人或其他族裔對比)。除了討論未來研究方向的建議,作者並提供人力資源發展工作者和圖書館員一些啟示。研究最後提出作者的想法及本研究的侷限性。 頁次:146-165

  1. Ambient air particulate concentrations and metallic elements principal component analysis at Taichung Harbor (TH) and WuChi Traffic (WT) near Taiwan Strait during 2004-2005.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fang, Guor-Cheng; Wu, Yuh-Shen; Wen, Chih-Chung; Huang, Shih-Han; Rau, Jui-Yeh

    2006-09-01

    The purpose of this study is to characterize metallic elements associated with atmospheric particulate matter of total suspended particulate (TSP), fine particle (particle matter with aerodynamical diameter metallic elements Fe and Zn. And in WT sampling site, higher correlation coefficients displayed on total suspended particulates of metallic elements Fe and Zn, Fe and Mn. Ambient airborne particle principal component analysis of metallic metals was used to identify the possible pollutant sources in this study. At the TH sampling site, 50.81% of the total variance of the data was observed in factor 1. Higher loading of Fe (0.86), Zn (0.79), Pb (0.76), and Mn (0.68) were contributed by traffic emission and the soil source. At the WT sampling site, factor 1 explained 53.74% of the total variance of the data and had high loading for Zn (0.86) and Cu (0.85), which were identified as industrial/traffic emission sources.

  2. The current status of coal liquefaction technologies - Panorama 2008; La liquefaction du charbon: ou en est-on aujourd'hui? - Panorama 2008

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2008-07-01

    In 2008, a first coal liquefaction unit to produce motor fuel (20,000 BPSD) will come on-stream in Shenhua, China (in the Ercos region of Inner Mongolia). Other, more ambitious projects have been announced in China for between now and 2020. Since oil production is expected to peak in the medium term, this technology may develop regionally in the next 20 years to cover ever-increasing demand for motor fuel.

  3. Les publications officielles du Club alpin austro-allemand (DÖAV et du DAV chilien depuis leurs créations jusqu’à aujourd’hui

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michel Mestre

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available J’ai déjà eu l’occasion à au moins deux reprises de parler des publications du DÖAV et je ne voudrais pas reprendre tels quels ces éléments d’information, d’autant plus qu’existe une étude de synthèse, celle de Helmut Zebhauser, qui est fort bien documentée : il me paraît donc inutile de refaire ce travail, le résumer suffira ici. En revanche il était bon de donner un aperçu des publications des clubs germanophones depuis la fin de la Seconde Guerre mondiale, objet de la deuxième partie. Enfi...

  4. L’architecture d’aujourd’hui, n° 333, mars-avril 2001, « Ornement »

    OpenAIRE

    Bekkouche, Ammara

    2013-01-01

    Ce numéro décapsule une ancienne polémique entrouverte par Adolf Loos en son temps sur la question de l’ornement. C’était le temps où l’architecture moderne rejetait en bloc ce concept qui avait été suivi par le fameux « less is more » de Mies Van Der Howe. Le problème en fait est que cette dernière formule à priori séduisante, fut érigée en dogme (Objectile) générant une architecture qui fut qualifiée d’indigence culturelle et esthétique provenant en grande partie de l’absence de sens en faç...

  5. Photovoltaics in Algeria, today's experiences and perspectives of tomorrow; Le photovoltaique en Algerie, experiences d'aujourd'hui et perspectives de demain

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sahouane, Mehdi

    2010-09-15

    The communication describes Algeria's experience in the use of photovoltaics, principal renewable energy type used in the country, through the electrification of around 900 homes in 18 villages. This realization represents one of the largest projects accomplished by public powers in this domain with an installed power of 453KWc, which corresponds to 20% of the solar power currently exploited. Actions for the development of renewable energy in terms of realizations and regulations are listed, explaining the energy policy of Algeria which has fixed its contribution to the national energy balance at a level of 5% for 2017. [French] La communication decrit l'experience de l'Algerie dans l'utilisation du photovoltaique, principal type d'energie renouvelable utilisee dans le pays, a travers l'electrification d'environs 900 foyers repartis sur 18 villages. Cette realisation represente l'un des plus grands projets accomplis par les pouvoirs publics dans ce domaine avec une puissance installee de 453 KWc ce qui correspond a 20% de la puissance solaire presentement exploitee. Les actions destinees au developpement des energies renouvelables en matiere de realisations et reglementation sont citees explicitant la politique energetique de l'Algerie qui se fixe un taux de contribution au bilan energetique national de 5% pour 2017.

  6. L'enseignement des origines d'Homo sapiens, hier et aujourd'hui, en France et ailleurs : programmes, manuels scolaires, conceptions des enseignants.

    OpenAIRE

    Quessada, Marie-Pierre

    2008-01-01

    Our research analyses how the origins of humankind were taught in France during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries and are now taught in 19 countries. The interactions between science and society, specifically between scientific knowledge, values and social practices are analyzed. Firstly, the scientists' conceptions are identified from an epistemological approach since Linnaeus in the eighteenth century to categorize the main epistemological obstacles on this theme. The analysis of the h...

  7. Verlies van (t)huis en haard. Het belang van verliesbegeleiding als onderdeel van de maatschappelijke begeleiding binnen het Vluchtelingenwerk, regio Utrecht

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hoogenberk, Birgit

    2014-01-01

    Loss of home and house. The importance of loss counseling as a part of refugee social supportIn this article it is advocated that it is important that the implementation of loss counseling is part of social support for refugees, also called integrative eclectic working. Social support from

  8. Les gestes éco citoyens ou de la citoyenneté d’aujourd’hui à la responsabilité de demain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lise Moutamalle

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available I. Des gestes écocitoyens : pourquoi ?Le concept d’écocitoyenneté est en partie issu de la prise de conscience des impacts des activités humaines sur les écosystèmes et de la volonté de favoriser la participation du citoyen aux choses de la cité, mais surtout aux choses dont il est le seul responsable.L’écocitoyenneté se fonde sur la reconnaissance par l’homme de sa responsabilité vis-à-vis de la destruction de son milieu et sur sa capacité à mettre en œuvre un comportement et des gestes qui ...

  9. La publicité : stratégie didactique pertinente en français pour adolescents d’aujourd’hui

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marine Abraham

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Comme signalé dans le Cadre européen commun de référence pour les langues, l’emploi de documents authentiques en cours de Français Langue Étrangère est essentiel. Ce Cadre européen recommande en effet que les apprenants acquièrent une langue seconde en lisant des textes écrits non manipulés et non progressifs. Nous sommes à même de constater que les affiches publicitaires répondent à ces attentes tout en suscitant un intérêt grandissant chez les jeunes. De fait, les campagnes publicitaires actuelles sont ancrées dans le réel et usent d’un langage approprié au public adolescent : actuel, divertissant et motivant. Ces moyens linguistiques et socio-affectifs utilisés en premier lieu à des fins mercatiques se révèlent être également des outils d’enseignement pertinents de la langue française et de son contexte culturel.

  10. Améliorer votre efficacité techniques d'aujourd'hui pour en faire plus en moins de temps

    CERN Document Server

    Savoyat, Bruno

    2012-01-01

    Quels que soient votre fonction, votre métier ou votre mission dans l'entreprise, ce livre pragmatique peut vous ouvrir les chemins d'une nouvelle vie. Il a été conçu et écrit pour vous rendre service et pour vous aider à gagner en efficacité. Les meilleures pratiques y ont été retenues pour vous. Certaines sont utilisées avec succès par plus d'un million de personnes à travers le monde. Leur mise en oeuvre est simple pour un impact maximal sur votre productivité, sur la qualité de votre travail et sur la satisfaction que vous retirerez de votre quotidien professionnel. Les principes et les conseils d'efficacité décrits dans ce livre peuvent être appliqués seul comme en équipe, et être généralisés à l'ensemble d'une entreprise. Vous pouvez choisir de les découvrir par une lecture du début à la fin, qui vous permettra une révision systématique de votre manière de travailler et de votre potentiel de gains en efficacité. Mais vous pouvez également opter pour une découverte théma...

  11. La science au(x miroir (s du prince. Savoir et pouvoir dans l'espace arabo-musulman d'hier et d'aujourd'hui

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdel Wedoud Ould Cheikh

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Le sultan et le savant sont deux figures centrales de la « culture sultanienne » entendue comme un champ de normes et de valeurs présentant une certaine unité dans le monde arabo-musulman. Il y a entre ces deux figures une tension fondamentale, le clerc-savant étant seul autorisé à sermonner le détenteur du pouvoir au nom du savoir et de la justice. Dans la réalité actuelle des pays arabo-musulmans — illustrée ici par le cas de la Mauritanie —, la massification d'un enseignement fortement imprégné de tradition en même temps que socialement dévalué contribue sans doute à l'émergence d'une mouvance contestataire islamiste qui s'inscrit, sur un mode collectif, dans la continuité des admonestations du clerc censeur s'opposant aux dérives du sultan.

  12. La Poésie israélienne aujourd’hui - État des lieux Contemporary Israeli Poetry השירה הישראלית בת זמננו

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruth Kartun-Blum

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available L’origine des tendances de la poésie israélienne contemporaine.Cet article se concentre sur la polyphonie des voix dans la poésie israélienne contemporaine. Elle transmet son dynamisme à travers trois courants principaux: la poésie féministe, la poésie religieuse et la poésie des Orientaux (Mizrahim. L'essai identifie le poète Avot Yeshuron comme l'un des pères littéraires de la plupart des tendances poétiques contemporaines.The essay focuses on the polyphony of voices in contemporary Israeli poetry. It conveys its dynamism through three main currents: feminist poetry, religious poetry and poetry of those born in the Middle East (Mizrahim. The essay assesses the poet Avot Yeshuron as one of the literary fathers to many of the contemporary poetic trends.המאמר מתמקד בקולותיה המגוונים של השירה הישראלית בת זמננו. הוא עומד על שלושה מזרמיה המרכזיים, שירת נשים, שירה דתית ושירת המזרחים. בין היתר הוא מציג את המורר אבות ישורון כאביה הרוחני של שירה זו.

  13. Operational Colour Vision in the Modern Aviation Environment (la Vision des couleurs dans l’environnement aeronautique operationnel d’ aujourd hui)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-03-01

    related optic nerve distortion may occur whilst infestation can present with cortical visual dysfunction and subtle dyschromatopsia . Early supra...a given hue. It represents the linkage to the saturation parameter. The thickness is greatest along the axis of dyschromatopsia . 2. The classification

  14. Zonne-energie voor consumenten : advies over het gebruik van verschillende toepassingen van zonne-energie in en rondom het huis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Keizer, A.C.; Alsema, E.A.

    2008-01-01

    Zonne-energie is een schone en onuitputbare vorm van energie. De energie kan kleinschalig door consumenten geproduceerd worden, maar ook grootschalig met centrales in het open veld. Dit document beoogt consumenten bewust te maken van de manieren die er zijn om gebruik te maken van zonne-energie. Er

  15. ENTRE LES CONVITIONS ET LES DÉFIS: ÉTHIQUE SEXUEL CATHOLIQUE ET CONCEPTION DE LA SEXUALITÉ DE L`ÊTRE HUMAIN D` AUJOURD`HUI

    OpenAIRE

    CASSIA QUELHO TAVARES

    2006-01-01

    Esta dissertação é o resultado de um confronto entre a palavra do Magistério Eclesial a respeito da Ética Sexual Católica e a concepção e vivência da sexualidade humana nos dias de hoje. No primeiro momento, faz uma análise a respeito da modernidade em crise, também caracterizada como pós-modernidade, com suas vertentes e repercussões para a compreensão e as expressões vivenciais da sexualidade humana na atualidade. Descreve os efeitos do neoliberalismo, d...

  16. SKB coördineert kwaliteit BGZ-breed : "een BGD kan niet alles in huis hebben, hoe deskundig de medewerkers ook zijn"

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Blijswijk, M. van

    1991-01-01

    Dit artikel beschrijft de voorgeschiedenis, het doel, en de activiteiten van de Stichting Kwaliteitsbevordering Bedrijfsgezondheidszorg (SKB). De SKB heeft de kwaliteitsbevordering van het instrumentarium van de bedrijfsgezondheidszorg (BGZ) tot doel. De Stichting wil dit bereiken door: het

  17. Identités multiples et multitudes d’histoires : les « Noirs tunisiens » de 1846 à aujourd’hui

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ines Mrad - Dali

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Date de soutenance : le 3 avril 2009.Membres du juryMonsieur Sami Bargaoui, Monsieur Jean Luc Bonniol, Monsieur Elikia M’BokoloMadame Dakhlia Jocelyne (Dir., Monsieur Ibrahima ThioubRésuméCette thèse se propose à travers quatre grandes parties de combler une lacune historiographique et anthropologique consistant à considérer l’esclavage, comme étant l’origine unique et commune des « Noirs tunisiens », et à fonder également une appartenance et surtout une identification basée sur le seul phén...

  18. University Programs in Home Economics: Past, Present and Future = Les programmes universitaires d'economie familiale: hier, aujourd'hui et demain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berry, Ruth E.

    2000-01-01

    Follows the history of home economics programs in Canada at the postsecondary level from 1902 to the present restructuring that is taking place in many universities. Suggests that the present position of the field is precarious and young scholars must be encouraged to enter it and become successful teachers and researchers. (JOW)

  19. Training the People’s Liberation Army Air Force Surface-to-Air Missile (SAM) Forces

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    Yiping [朱易平], and Wu Yi [伍轶], 2014, p. 3. 138 Feng Zhe [冯哲] and Feng Honghua [冯宏划], “Mobility on Rainy Nights” [“夜雨机动”], Kongjun Bao, May 30, 2014...could have been notified in advance. 148 Fan Jianghuai [范江怀], Niu Hui [牛辉], and Li Dayong [李大勇],“PLA Exercise Encounters Embarrassment: Officers and Men ...Embarrassment: Officers and Men See Through Concealment and Camouflage of Our Side’s Airplanes” [“解放军演习遇尴尬:官兵见到己方飞机后隐蔽伪装”], PLA Daily [解放军报], March 3, 2015

  20. Some additional considerations in modelling the dynamic traits and genome-wide association studies. Comments on "Mapping complex traits as a dynamic system" by L. Sun and R. Wu

    Science.gov (United States)

    Das, Kiranmoy

    2015-06-01

    The revolution in the genetic research in our time is mainly due to (i) the successful completion of human genome project (2003) and its derivative hapmap project (2005), (ii) advanced statistical methodologies for analyzing ultrahigh dimensional data and (iii) the availability of statistical softwares (R, SAS etc.) to analyze large datasets. When complex traits are to be modeled as dynamic systems, the statistical issues regarding the complexity in the model, predictive power of the model, computational cost etc. are to be addressed adequately for powerful inferences. I will mention two additional considerations (statistical) which make dynamic models more meaningful and the results from GWAS more reliable.

  1. Analisis harf واو العاملة /wāwu al-‘āmilah/ dalam Al-Qur`an Juz 30

    OpenAIRE

    Fatahillah, Muhammad

    2012-01-01

    و اسباب احتيار هذا الموضوع لأن حرف واو العاملة في جزء ثلاثين من القران لها انواع و عامل و اعراب مختلفة عند اتصل باية . و اما الغرض الأقصى من هذا البحث هي لتعريف نوع و عامل و اعراب حرف واو العاملة في جزء ثلاثين من القران. , فا الكاتب يستعمل نظرية ما تقدمها شيخ "غلايينى" في كتابه "جامع الدروس العربية" فاما هذا البحث هي الدراسية المكتبية التي تستعمل طريقة الإستنتاجية. و الحاصلات من هذا البحث ان عدد حرف واو العاملة في جزء ثلاثين من القران ١٧٨حرفا, منها ١١ حرف واو قسم الذ...

  2. Parental Choice of School, Class Strategies, and Educational Inequality: An Essay Review of "School Choice in China--A Different Tale?" (X. Wu, New York, NY: Routledge, 2014, 168 pp. ISBN 978-0-415-81769-1)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Shuning; Apple, Michael W.

    2016-01-01

    Given the increasingly global nature of marketized school choice policies, this makes it even more crucial to investigate how the multiple scales, forms, and emphases of school choice in different countries are influenced by particular political, economic, and cultural conditions. While much of the critical research on school choice policies has…

  3. Gérer, négocier, résister : Une approche dynamique des politiques patronales, des négociations et conflits au travail (des années 2000 à aujourd'hui)

    OpenAIRE

    Giraud, Baptiste; Pélisse, Jérôme; Pénissat, Etienne

    2014-01-01

    Cette recherche, issue de l’appel d’offres Post-enquêtes à l’enquête REPONSE 2010-2011 de la Dares, et dans le prolongement de travaux précédemment réalisés sur les transformations de la conflictualité au début des années 2000, étudie l’articulation entre conflits et négociations. Après une analyse des points de vue croisées des représentants des directions et des représentants du personnel soulignant l’importance des processus de catégorisation ordinaire des négociations et conflits du trava...

  4. A particular light on todays and tomorrows urban energies: perceptions and views of the young generation; Un eclairage particulier sur les energies urbaines d`aujourd`hui et de demain: perceptions et regards des jeunes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Martin, V.; Strauss, N.; Jaladis, S.; Waroux, D.

    1995-12-31

    In the framework of prospective studies on the town of the future, an inquiry with questionnaire was carried out on a pool of 230 students from 5 schools of the western suburb of Paris (France) in order to have an idea about their representations of todays energies, about their consumption habits, their living attitudes and their transportation practices, and about their apprehension of these domains in the 15-20 forthcoming years. For the present day, they spontaneously make reference to the solar and nuclear energies but they do not make distinction between energy source and final energy. Environment is a major concern threw the pollution aspects and is positioned just behind the society themes (unemployment, AIDS, exclusion). They favour the electric power for the domestic uses. They have a rather pessimistic vision of the future of energy resources. According to their opinion, electric power, bio-fuels and solar energy will be the future energy sources for transportation systems, electricity will dominate the domestic uses and they will be reticent with respect to the domestic development of safety networks for goods and people. The cross-comparison between sexes and occupational branches reveals three groups: modernist, conservative and ecologist. (J.S.)

  5. Copper(II) complex with 6-methylpyridine-2-carboxyclic acid: Experimental and computational study on the XRD, FT-IR and UV-Vis spectra, refractive index, band gap and NLO parameters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Altürk, Sümeyye; Avcı, Davut; Başoğlu, Adil; Tamer, Ömer; Atalay, Yusuf; Dege, Necmi

    2018-02-05

    Crystal structure of the synthesized copper(II) complex with 6-methylpyridine-2-carboxylic acid, [Cu(6-Mepic)2·H2O]·H2O, was determined by XRD, FT-IR and UV-Vis spectroscopic techniques. Furthermore, the geometry optimization, harmonic vibration frequencies for the Cu(II) complex were carried out by using Density Functional Theory calculations with HSEh1PBE/6-311G(d,p)/LanL2DZ level. Electronic absorption wavelengths were obtained by using TD-DFT/HSEh1PBE/6-311G(d,p)/LanL2DZ level with CPCM model and major contributions were determined via Swizard/Chemissian program. Additionally, the refractive index, linear optical (LO) and non-nonlinear optical (NLO) parameters of the Cu(II) complex were calculated at HSEh1PBE/6-311G(d,p) level. The experimental and computed small energy gap shows the charge transfer in the Cu(II) complex. Finally, the hyperconjugative interactions and intramolecular charge transfer (ICT) were studied by performing of natural bond orbital (NBO) analysis. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  6. Puerarin transport across a Calu-3 cell monolayer – an in vitro model of nasal mucosa permeability and the influence of paeoniflorin and menthol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhang L

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Lin Zhang, Shou-Ying Du, Yang Lu, Chang Liu, Zhi-Hao Tian, Chang Yang, Hui-Chao Wu, Zhen Wang School of Chinese Materia Medica, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Chaoyang District, Beijing, People’s Republic of China Abstract: Nasal administration is a high-potential delivery system, particularly because it can provide a pathway from the nose to the brain. The objective of this research is to characterize puerarin transport across a Calu-3 cell monolayer used as a model of the nasal mucosa and to evaluate the influence of puerarin in combination with paeoniflorin and menthol to explore the enhanced mechanism of the permeability at the cell level. The apparent permeability coefficients (Papp of puerarin bidirectional transport were both <1.5×10-6 cm/s, and the efflux ratio was <1.5, indicating that puerarin alone exhibited poor absorption and that its transport primarily occurred by passive diffusion through the cell monolayer. When puerarin was coad­ministered with paeoniflorin, the Papp was not changed (P>0.05. However, the addition of menthol significantly (P<0.05 improved the Papp of puerarin in both directions. Moreover, based on immunofluorescence experiments and transepithelial electrical resistance measurements, the data indicated that the drug compatibility opened tight junctions and weakened the barrier capabilities of epithelial cells, thereby promoting the permeability of puerarin. Keywords: puerarin, paeoniflorin, menthol, nasal administration, transport, tight junction

  7. AcEST: BP915174 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available >tr|A8WU00|A8WU00_CAEBR CBR-ABTS-3 protein OS=Caenorhabditis briggsae GN=Cbr-abts-3 PE=4 SV=2 Length = 1016 ...sis protein OS=B... 33 9.1 tr|A8WU00|A8WU00_CAEBR CBR-ABTS-3 protein OS=Caenorhab

  8. A comparison of quality of life between HIV positive and negative ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Jeff Gow

    2014-01-03

    , ambulation, dexterity, emotion, cognition, and pain) with five to six levels per attribute. A multiplicative multi- attribute utility function and single-attribute utility functions for HUI 3 enable users to generate utility scores for HUI 3.

  9. Puerarin transport across rat nasal epithelial cells and the influence of compatibility with paeoniflorin and menthol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhang L

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Lin Zhang, Shou-Ying Du, Yang Lu, Chang Liu, Hui-Chao Wu, Zhi-Hao Tian, Min Wang, Chang Yang School of Chinese Materia Medica, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Chaoyang District, Beijing, People’s Republic of China Abstract: Nose-to-brain transport can provide an excellent pathway for drugs of the central nervous system. Consequently, how to make full use of this pathway in practical applications has become a focus of drug design. However, many aspects affecting drug delivery from the nose to the brain remain unclear. This study aimed to more deeply investigate the transport of puerarin and to explore the mechanism underlying the influence of compatible drugs on puerarin permeability in a primary cell model simulating the nasal mucosa. In this research, based on rat nasal epithelial cells (RNECs cultured in vitro and cytotoxicity assays, the bidirectional transport of puerarin across RNEC monolayers and the effect of its compatibility with peoniflorin and menthol were analyzed. The apparent permeability coefficient was <1.5×10–6 cm/s, and the efflux ratio of puerarin was <2, indicating that puerarin had poor absorption and that menthol but not peoniflorin significantly improved puerarin transport. Simultaneously, through experiments, such as immunofluorescence staining, transepithelial electrical resistance measurement, rhodamine 123 efflux evaluation, the cell membrane fluorescence recovery after photobleaching test, and ATPase activity determination, the permeability promoting mechanism of menthol was confirmed to be closely related to disruption of the tight junction protein structure, to the P-glycoprotein inhibitory effect, to increased membrane fluidity, and to the promotion of enzyme activity. These results provide reliable data on nasal administration of the studied drugs and lay the foundation for a deeper investigation of the nose–brain pathway and nasal administration. Keywords: Chinese herbal compound

  10. Prognostic value of Notch-1 expression in hepatocellular carcinoma: a meta-analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wu T

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Tao Wu,1 Min Jiao,1 Li Jing,1 Min-Cong Wang,1 Hai-Feng Sun,2 Qing Li,1 Yi-Yang Bai,1 Yong-Chang Wei,1 Ke-Jun Nan,1 Hui Guo1 1Department of Medical Oncology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xi’an Jiaotong University, 2Department of Oncology, Shaanxi Cancer Hospital, Xi’an, People’s Republic of China Abstract: Association of Notch-1 expression with prognosis of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC remains controversial. We conducted a meta-analysis to reevaluate the association of Notch-1 expression with clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of HCC. PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure were searched to look for relevant studies. The association between Notch-1 expression and clinicopathological parameters and overall survival (OS was then reassessed using the meta-analysis for odds ratio (OR or hazard ratio (HR and 95% confidence interval (CI. A total of seven studies, including 810 HCC patients, were eligible for the meta-analysis. Our data showed that high Notch-1 expression was able to predict poor OS (HR 1.50, 95% CI 1.17–1.83, P=0.0001. The pooled OR showed that high Notch-1 expression was significantly associated with tumor metastasis (OR 0.37, 95% CI 0.16–0.86, P=0.02 and tumor size >5 cm (OR 0.48, 95% CI 0.26–0.88, P=0.02. In contrast, there was no association between high Notch-1 expression and tumor differentiation, late TNM stage, tumor number, and portal vein invasion of HCC. In conclusion, Notch-1 overexpression might predict poorer survival and more aggressive behavior in patients with HCC. Keywords: hepatocellular carcinoma, Notch-1, prognosis, clinicopathological features, meta-analysis

  11. Tumor necrosis factor α modulates sodium-activated potassium channel SLICK in rat dorsal horn neurons via p38 MAPK activation pathway

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wang K

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Kun Wang,1 Feng Wang,1 Jun-Ping Bao,2 Zhi-Yang Xie,1 Lu Chen,1 Bao-Yi Zhou,1 Xin-Hui Xie,2 Xiao-Tao Wu1,2 1Medical School of Southeast University, 2Department of Orthopaedics, Zhongda Hospital, Southeast University, Nanjing, People’s Republic of China Abstract: The dorsal horn (DH of the spinal cord is the integrative center that processes and transmits pain sensation. Abnormal changes in ion channel expression can enhance the excitability of pain-related DH neurons. Sodium-activated potassium (KNa channels are highly expressed particularly in the central nervous system; however, information about whether rat DH neurons express the SLICK channel protein is lacking, and the direct effects on SLICK in response to inflammation and the potential signaling pathway mediating such effects are yet to be elucidated. Here, using cultured DH neurons, we have shown that tumor necrosis factor-α inhibits the total outward potassium current IK and the KNa current predominantly as well as induces a progressive loss of firing accommodation. However, we found that this change in channel activity is offset by the p38 inhibitor SB202190, thereby suggesting the modulation of SLICK channel activity via the p38 MAPK pathway. Furthermore, we have demonstrated that the tumor necrosis factor-α modulation of KNa channels does not occur at the level of SLICK channel gating but arises from possible posttranslational modification. Keywords: p38 MAPK, SLICK channel, neuropathic pain, dorsal horn, TNF-α

  12. Categorizing renal oncocytic neoplasms on core needle biopsy: a morphologic and immunophenotypic study of 144 cases with clinical follow-up. Alderman MA, Daignault S, Wolf JS Jr, Palapattu GS, Weizer AZ, Hafez KS, Kunju LP, Wu AJ. Hum Pathol.September 2016;55:1-10.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kryvenko, Oleksandr N

    2017-06-01

    There is limited literature on renal oncocytic neoplasms diagnosed on core biopsy. All renal oncocytic neoplasm core biopsies from 2006 to 2013 were, retrospectively, reviewed. Morphologic features and an immunohistochemical panel of CK7, c-KIT, and S100A1 were assessed. Concordance with resection diagnosis, statistical analysis including a random forest classification, and follow-up were recorded. The postimmunohistochemical diagnoses of 144 renal oncocytic core biopsies were favor oncocytoma (67%), favor renal cell carcinoma (RCC) (12%), and cannot exclude RCC (21%). Diagnosis was revised following immunohistochemistry in 7% of cases. The most common features for oncocytoma (excluding dense granular cytoplasm) were nested architecture, edematous stroma, binucleation and tubular architecture; the most common features for favor RCC were sheet-like architecture, nuclear pleomorphism, papillary architecture, and prominent cell borders. High nuclear grade, necrosis, extensive papillary architecture, raisinoid nuclei, and frequent mitoses were not seen in oncocytomas. Comparing the pathologist and random forest classification, the overall out-of-bag estimate of classification error dropped from 23% to 13% when favor RCC and cannot exclude RCC was combined into 1 category. Resection was performed in 19% (28 cases) with a 94% concordance (100% of favor RCC biopsies and 90% of cannot exclude RCC biopsies confirmed as RCC; 83% of favor oncocytomas confirmed); ablation in 23%; and surveillance in 46%. Follow-up was available in 92% (median follow-up, 33 months) with no adverse outcomes. Renal oncocytic neoplasms comprise a significant subset (16%) of all core biopsies, and the majority (78%) can be classified as favor oncocytoma or favor RCC. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. 實徵研究/你用青春碰撞什麼?大學生閱讀行為的調查分析/黃焜煌;吳榮彬;張簡誌誠 | A Survey of the College Students' Reading Behavior in Taiwan/Kun-Huang Huarng;Jungpin Wu;Chih-Cheng Changchien

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    黃焜煌、吳榮彬、張簡誌誠 Kun-Huang Huarng; Jungpin Wu; Chih-Cheng Changchien

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available 鑑於「閱讀」是學習者藉以獲取資訊來源、判讀知識內容、吸收經驗智慧的主要途徑,閱讀動機、能力以及風氣的強弱對於學習成效的影響甚巨,因此,希望透過較大規模的調查,以觀察現階段大學生閱讀行為的整體樣貌與發展趨勢。本文以自編問卷作為調查工具,大學在校學生為調查對象,在2008年2月18日至3月3日期間,選擇北、中、南10所大學院校,以無名冊的系統抽樣方式施測,總計發出1500份問卷,有效問卷1,077份,並利用SPSS統計軟體進行分析。本文以外在環境影響、內在個人因素以及行為產出結果等三個構面為主,同時針對圖書館、校園書店等閱讀補助機構進行分析與觀察,並據以描繪大學生閱讀行為的輪廓與問題,進而提供改善閱讀風氣的策略方案。The main purpose of this research is to explore the reading behavior of college students in Taiwan. The authors employed survey research method, and adopted a self-editing questionnaire, and used the systematic sampling to conduct the whole sampling survey. During February 18, 2008 to March 3, 2008, there were 1500 samples in total were surveyed. The number of the valid samples was 1077. Three factors consisted of the environmental factors, the individual factors, the outcome performance were used for data analysis. SPSS statistical software package was employed. This survey reported the college students’ reading behavior in Taiwan. Based on the research findings, the suggestions for reading improvement were proposed.頁次:37-54

  14. Commentary on "tissue-specific mutagenesis by N-butyl-N-(4-hydroxybutyl) nitrosamine as the basis for urothelial cell carcinogenesis." He Z, Kosinska W, Zhao ZL, Wu XR, Guttenplan JB, Department of Basic Science, New York University Dental College, NY, USA.: Mutat Res 2012;742(1-2):92-5 [Epub 2011 Dec 4].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scherr, Douglas S

    2014-02-01

    Bladder cancer is one of the few cancers that have been linked to carcinogens in the environment and tobacco smoke. Of the carcinogens tested in mouse chemical carcinogenesis models, N-butyl-N-(4-hydroxybutyl)nitrosamine (BBN) is one that reproducibly causes high-grade, invasive cancers in the urinary bladder, but not in any other tissues. However, the basis for such a high-level tissue-specificity has not been explored. Using mutagenesis in lacI (Big Blue™) mice, we show here that BBN is a potent mutagen and it causes high-level of mutagenesis specifically in the epithelial cells (urothelial) of the urinary bladder. After a 2-6-week treatment of 0.05% BBN in the drinking water, mutagenesis in urothelial cells of male and female mice was about two orders of magnitude greater than the spontaneous mutation background. In contrast, mutagenesis in smooth muscle cells of the urinary bladder was about five times lower than in urothelial tissue. No appreciable increase in mutagenesis was observed in kidney, ureter, liver or forestomach. In lacI (Big Blue™) rats, BBN mutagenesis was also elevated in urothelial cells, albeit not nearly as profoundly as in mice. This provides a potential explanation as to why rats are less prone than mice to the formation of aggressive form of bladder cancer induced by BBN. Our results suggest that the propensity to BBN-triggered mutagenesis of urothelial cells underlies its heightened susceptibility to this carcinogen and that mutagenesis induced by BBN represents a novel model for initiation of bladder carcinogenesis. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. 天津圖書館專輯/網上資源自由存取與圖書館服務/吳慰慈;谷秀潔 | Free Access to the Internet Resources and the Library Service Response/ Wei-Ci Wu;Xiu-Jie Gu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    吳慰慈、谷秀潔

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available

    網上資源自由存取有廣義和狹義兩種理解,它既是一種理性的權利也是一種理性的活動。儘管技術、民主、利益和全球化四條主線並不能完全概括網上資訊自 由存取所面臨的困難或成因,但是筆者將之作為一種分析問題的視角提出來供大家探討。最後,結台國內外實際情況對我國圖書館服務回應提出一些建議。

    There are two ways to understand the meaning of free access to the Internet resources: broad sense and narrow sense. The free access not only means a sort of rational rights but also a kind of rational activity. Although technology, democracy, benefit and globalization would not cover all reasons which restrict the free access to Internet resources, the authors just try to use them as analysis perspectives. Finally, according to the fact, they suggest some library service response stratagems.

    頁次:67-75

  16. Web Usability Policies/Standards/Guidelines Do Not Influence Practices at ARL Academic Libraries. A Review of: Chen, Yu‐Hui, Carol Anne Germain and Huahai Yang. “An Exploration into the Practices of Library Web Usability in ARL Academic Libraries.” Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology 60.5 (2009: 953‐68.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shandra Protzko

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective – To survey the current status of Web usability Policies/Standards/Guidelines (PSGs found in academic libraries of the Association of Research Libraries (ARL. Researchers sought to investigate whether PSGs are in place, the levels of difficulty surrounding implementation, the impact of PSGs on design, testing, and resource allocation, and the relationship between ARL ranking and usability practice or PSGs.Design – Survey.Setting – North America.Subjects – Academic libraries of the ARL.Methods – An 18‐question survey consisting of multiple choice, Likert scale, and open‐ended questions was sent to all 113 ARL libraries in November 2007. Survey recipients were selected as the person in charge of Web site usability by visiting library Web sites and phone inquiry. The survey was concluded in January 2008 with a response rate of 74% (84 institutions. The researchers used t‐test to detect any difference in ARL library ranking between libraries with and without PSGs. Pair‐wise t‐tests were conducted to identify gaps in difficulty implementing PSGs. In addition, they used Pearson’s Correlation to investigate any significant correlations between variables such as ARL rank and resource allocation.Main Results – Of the 84 respondents, 34 (40% have general library Web PSGs and 25 (30% have specific usability PSGs; 41 (49% have at least one type of in‐library PSG. Of the 43 (51% libraries that do not have PSGs, 30 (36% are at universities with institutional Web usability PSGs; 26 (87% follow those guidelines. There was no statistically significant relationship between ARL ranking and PSG status (see Table 1. The authors asked about difficulty in implementing PSGs. Of the 32 libraries responding to a question about general library Web PSGs, most had slight or moderate difficulty. Twenty‐three libraries with specific usability PSGs identified difficulty levels; some had no difficulty, but a majority had moderate difficulty. For the 26 libraries using institutional Web usability PSGs, most had no or slight difficulty. Pair‐wise t‐tests showed that library Web usability PSGs were significantly more difficult to implement than university Web usability PSGs. Enforcement/agreement issues were reported as the primary difficulty in implementing in‐library PSGs. Technical issues and ambiguity were obstacles at the institutional level. More than half of the 84 libraries have Web advisory committees and about one third have usability committees or Web usability subcommittees. Several libraries answered that they have none of these committees, but indicated that they have some sort of ad hoc committee or user study group to address usability issues. Of the 84 respondents, 71 (85% have conducted usability testing. Sixty‐two libraries (73.8% rated usability testing as important, very important, or extremely important: the rate given for the importance of usability testing did not correlate with ARL ranking. Cited most often in open ended questioningwere the importance of iterative testing, library wide buy‐in, and staff and resource availability. Main web pages were tested most frequently. Fifty‐three libraries (74.6% tested their lower level pages at least once. OPACs were tested the least often. The amount of testing was impacted neither by the existence of library Web PSGs nor usability PSGs. The top two testing methods were in‐person observation and think aloud protocol.Of the 84 libraries, 24 (28% reported having staff dedicated to Web usability issues; twenty full‐time staff and four part‐time staff. There was a weak association between ARL ranking and hours worked by dedicated staff; no association existed for regular staff who take on Web responsibilities. Fifty‐one (60% of libraries had regular staff whose duties included Web usability; forty‐six full‐time and five part‐time. Training did not correlate to amount of testing methods used. There was a weak link between ALR ranking and availability of resources and, the authors showed, more testing was done as resources increased. In response to a query about future Web usability plans, the focus was on usability testing and site redesign, with only three libraries planning to refine or establish usability PSGs.Conclusion – The authors hypothesized that “web usability PSGs would influence usability practice within libraries and other institutions” (953. The data show that PSGs do not influence practices. The authors conclude that there is no significant relationship between PSGs and testing practices or PSGs and the availability of resources. Likewise, ARL ranking had no effect on the establishment of usability PSGs. Most libraries are conducting usability testing, and there was a weak link between ARL ranking and availability of testing resources. Highlighted in the open‐ended questions is the lack of usability expertise among stakeholders. Workload, inadequate human resources, and lack of organizational cohesion are also cited as barriers to the adoption of Web usability PSGs. The authors speculate that Web professionals likely use their own working knowledge and internalized guidelines without having formal documentation. The authors further speculate that the difficulty related to creating mental models that adequately represent library tasks may hinder the use of formal usability PSGs. Additionally, libraries may not regard the lack of usability PSGs as a liability, especially in light of the lack of government mandates or standards. The authors recommend educational efforts for key players on the value of Web usability, support for hiring dedicated staff, and formal documentation to guide design practice. The authors plan to compare the collected PSGs in an upcoming project. Future research could focus on non‐ARL libraries, the relationship between PSGs and user experience, and Content Management System (CMS usability characteristics.

  17. Tapis d’Iran, Tissage et techniques d’aujourd’hui. Préface de Sophie Desrosiers, photographies de René Ghilini. Paris, Éditions de l’Amateur, 2007, 208 p., 350 photos couleurs, bibl., glossaire.

    OpenAIRE

    Digard, Jean-Pierre

    2010-01-01

    Aucun aspect de la culture iranienne n’a suscité autant de livres, ni autant de mauvais livres, que le tapis. Le présent ouvrage fait exception par son originalité à plus d’un titre. À la différence de ses homologues qui, des tapis, ne voient que les motifs décoratifs, que l’extérieur, celui-ci les étudie de l’intérieur, pourrait-on dire, par les techniques de leur fabrication et par le travail de ceux qui les mettent en œuvre. Les auteurs sont d’autant mieux placés pour adopter ce point de v...

  18. Fiches pratiques: Le circuit de l'herbe; Journal a plusieurs mains; Comment aborder l'economie d'une facon economique; Des articles d'autrefois aux determinants d'aujourd'hui (Practical Ideas: The Path of Grass; Group Diary; Approaching Economics in an Economical Way; From Yesterday's Articles to Today's Determiners).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vever, Daniel; And Others

    1991-01-01

    Four activities for the French language classroom are described, including a comprehension game based on the cow's digestive system, a group journal exercise using current events, an economics vocabulary development activity, and a grammar exercise focusing on the use of determiners in news articles. (MSE)

  19. Scattering of a spherical pulse from a small inhomogeneity ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    R. Narasimhan (Krishtel eMaging Solutions)

    Lysmer and Drake 1972), the Born approximation (Wu and Aki 1985a), the complex screen approach. (Wu 1994), Kirchoff-Helmhotz integration (Neu- berg and Pointer 1995), the boundary integral equation method (Benites, Aki and Yamogida.

  20. Can Medical Herbs Stimulate Regeneration or Neuroprotection and Treat Neuropathic Pain in Chemotherapy-Induced Peripheral Neuropathy?

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Schröder, Sven; Beckmann, Kathrin; Franconi, Giovanna; Meyer-Hamme, Gesa; Friedemann, Thomas; Greten, Henry Johannes; Rostock, Matthias; Efferth, Thomas

    2013-01-01

    ..., Chamomilla matricaria, Ginkgo biloba, Salvia officinalis, Sweet bee venom, Fritillaria cirrhosae bulbus, and the herbal combinations Bu Yang Huan Wu, modified Bu Yang Huan Wu plus Liuwei Di Huang...

  1. Journal of Chemical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Chemical Sciences. Gen Hua Wu. Articles written in Journal of Chemical Sciences. Volume 121 Issue 4 July 2009 pp 543-548. Highly sensitive optical chemosensor for the detection of Cu using a rhodamine B spirolatam · Gen Hua Wu Dong Xiang Wang Da Yu Wu Yuan Gao Zhu Qing Wang.

  2. Biisofraxidin on Apoptosis of Human Gastric Cancer BGC-823 Cells

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Power DG, Kelsen DP, Shah MA. Advanced gastric cancer show but steady progress. Cancer Treat Rev. 2010; 36: 384-392. 12. Yang L. Incidence and mortality of gastric cancer in. China. World J Gastroenterol 2006; 12: 17-20. 13. Leung WK, Wu MS, Kakugawa Y, Kim JJ, Yeoh KG, Goh. KL, Wu KC, Wu DC, Sollano J, ...

  3. Curricular Requirements, Critical Traditions, and Adaptation in the Paratext of Chinese and American School Editions of Robinson Crusoe

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Hui, Haifeng

    2017-01-01

    In his article "Curricular Requirements, Critical Traditions, and Adaptation in the Paratext of Chinese and American School Editions of Robinson Crusoe" Haifeng Hui analyses a Chinese new curricular...

  4. Less is more: standard warm-up causes fatigue and less warm-up permits greater cycling power output.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomaras, Elias K; MacIntosh, Brian R

    2011-07-01

    The traditional warm-up (WU) used by athletes to prepare for a sprint track cycling event involves a general WU followed by a series of brief sprints lasting ≥ 50 min in total. A WU of this duration and intensity could cause significant fatigue and impair subsequent performance. The purpose of this research was to compare a traditional WU with an experimental WU and examine the consequences of traditional and experimental WU on the 30-s Wingate test and electrically elicited twitch contractions. The traditional WU began with 20 min of cycling with a gradual intensity increase from 60% to 95% of maximal heart rate; then four sprints were performed at 8-min intervals. The experimental WU was shorter with less high-intensity exercise: intensity increased from 60% to 70% of maximal heart rate over 15 min; then just one sprint was performed. The Wingate test was conducted with a 1-min lead-in at 80% of optimal cadence followed by a Wingate test at optimal cadence. Peak active twitch torque was significantly lower after the traditional than experimental WU (86.5 ± 3.3% vs. 94.6 ± 2.4%, P track cyclist's WU results in significant fatigue, which corresponds with impaired peak power output. A shorter and lower-intensity WU permits a better performance.

  5. Nimotuzumab combined with radiotherapy for esophageal cancer: preliminary study of a Phase II clinical trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liang J

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Jun Liang,1 Mingyan E,2 Gang Wu,3 Lujun Zhao,4 Xia Li,5 Xia Xiu,6 Ning Li,1 Bo Chen,1 Zhouguang Hui,1 Jima Lv,1 Hui Fang,1 Yu Tang,1 Nan Bi,1 Wenqing Wang,1 Yirui Zhai,1 Tao Li,1 Dongfu Chen,1 Shuangmei Zou,7 Ning Lu,7 Rolando Perez-Rodríguez,8 Junqi Zheng,9 Luhua Wang11Department of Radiotherapy, Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, People's Republic of China; 2Department of Radiotherapy, Cancer Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin, People's Republic of China; 3Department of Radiotherapy, Tongji Cancer Center Hospital, Wuhan, People's Republic of China; 4Department of Radiotherapy, Cancer Hospital of Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, People's Republic of China; 5Department of Radiotherapy, LiaoNing Province Cancer Hospital, Shenyang, People's Republic of China; 6Department of Radiotherapy, Beijing Hospital, Beijing, People's Republic of China; 7Department of Pathology, Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, People's Republic of China; 8Center of Molecular Immunology, Havana, Cuba; 9School of Medicine, Tongji University, Shanghai, People's Republic of ChinaObjective: To determine the safety and therapeutic effects of nimotuzumab (h-R3 combined with radiotherapy in esophageal cancer.Methods: This Phase II clinical trial involved 42 patients with stage II (inoperable or refused surgery to stage IV (supraclavicular lymph node metastasis only esophageal cancers treated between November 2008 and July 2010. All patients had squamous cell carcinomas, and all received three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy and 200 mg nimotuzumab per week during radiotherapy.Results: There were 9, 25, and 8 patients with stage II, III and IV disease, respectively. All except two patients received 50–70 Gy radiation; 37 patients (88.1% received more than five nimotuzumab doses. Grade III toxicities (21.4% of all adverse events included esophagitis and gastrointestinal, dermatological and hematological

  6. Stereotactic body radiation therapy via helical tomotherapy to replace brachytherapy for brachytherapy-unsuitable cervical cancer patients – a preliminary result

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hsieh CH

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Chen-Hsi Hsieh,1–3 Hui-Ju Tien,1 Sheng-Mou Hsiao,4 Ming-Chow Wei,4 Wen-Yih Wu,4 Hsu-Dong Sun,4 Li-Ying Wang,5 Yen-Ping Hsieh,6 Yu-Jen Chen,3,7–9 Pei-Wei Shueng1,101Department of Radiation Oncology, Far Eastern Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; 2Department of Medicine, 3Institute of Traditional Medicine, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan; 4Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Far Eastern Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; 5School and Graduate Institute of Physical Therapy, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan; 6Department of Senior Citizen Service Management, National Taichung University of Science and Technology, Taichung, Taiwan; 7Department of Radiation Oncology, 8Department of Medical Research, Mackay Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; 9Graduate Institute of Sport Coaching Science, Chinese Culture University, Taipei, Taiwan; 10Department of Radiation Oncology, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, TaiwanAim: To review the experience and to evaluate the results of stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT via helical tomotherapy (HT, for the treatment of brachytherapy-unsuitable cervical cancer.Methods: Between September 1, 2008 to January 31, 2012, nine cervical cancer patients unsuitable for brachytherapy were enrolled. All of the patients received definitive whole pelvic radiotherapy with or without chemotherapy, followed by SBRT via HT.Results: The actuarial locoregional control rate at 3 years was 78%. The mean biological equivalent dose in 2-Gy fractions of the tumor, rectum, bladder, and intestines was 76.0 ± 7.3, 73.8 ± 13.2, 70.5 ± 10.0, and 43.1 ± 7.1, respectively. Only two had residual tumors after treatment, and the others were tumor-free. Two patients experienced grade 3 acute toxicity: one had diarrhea; and another experienced thrombocytopenia. There were no grade 3 or 4 subacute toxicities. Three patients suffered from manageable rectal bleeding in

  7. Effects of primary caregiver participation in vestibular rehabilitation for unilateral neglect patients with right hemispheric stroke: a randomized controlled trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dai CY

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Chin-Ying Dai,1,2 Yu-Hui Huang,3,4 Li-Wei Chou,5,6 Shiao-Chi Wu,7 Ray-Yau Wang,8 Li-Chan Lin9 1School of Nursing, National Yang Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan; 2Department of Nursing, Central Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taichung, Taiwan; 3Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Chung Shan Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan; 4School of Medicine, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan; 5Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan; 6School of Chinese Medicine, College of Chinese Medicine, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan; 7Institute of Health and Welfare Policy, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan; 8Department of Physical Therapy and Assistive Technology, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan; 9Institute of Clinical and Community Health Nursing, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China Introduction: The current study aims to investigate the effects of primary caregiver participation in vestibular rehabilitation (VR on improving the measures of neglect, activities of daily living (ADL, balance, and falls of unilateral neglect (UN patients. Methods: This study is a single-blind randomized controlled trial. Both experimental (n = 24 and control groups (n = 24 received conventional rehabilitation. The experimental group undertook VR for a month. During the first and second weeks, a registered nurse trained the experimental group in VR. The primary caregivers in the experimental group supervised and guided their patients in VR during the third and fourth weeks. The outcome measures were neglect, ADL, balance, and falls. Results: The two groups of UN patients showed a significant improvement in neglect, ADL, and balance over time. Based on the generalized estimating equations model, an interaction was observed between groups and times. Significant interactions were observed between the VR group

  8. Clinical effectiveness, toxicity, and failure patterns of helical tomotherapy for postoperative oral cavity cancer patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hsieh CH

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Chen-Hsi Hsieh,1–3 Pei-Wei Shueng,1,4 Li-Ying Wang,5 Li-Jen Liao,6 Yu-Chin Lin,7 Ying-Shiung Kuo,8 Wu-Chia Lo,6 Chien-Fu Tseng,8 Hui-Ju Tien,1 Hsiu-Ling Chou,9,10 Yen-Ping Hsieh,11 Le-Jung Wu,1 Yu-Jen Chen3,12–14 1Department of Radiation Oncology, Far Eastern Memorial Hospital, 2Department of Medicine, 3Institute of Traditional Medicine, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, 4Department of Radiation Oncology, National Defense Medical Center, 5School and Graduate Institute of Physical Therapy, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, 6Department of Otolaryngology, 7Division of Medical Oncology and Hematology, Department of Internal Medicine, 8Department of Dentistry and Oral Surgery, 9Department of Nursing, Far Eastern Memorial Hospital, 10Department of Nursing, Oriental Institute of Technology, Taipei, 11Department of Senior Citizen Service Management, National Taichung University of Science and Technology, Taichung, 12Department of Radiation Oncology, 13Department of Medical Research, Mackay Memorial Hospital, 14Graduate Institute of Sport Coaching Science, Chinese Culture University, Taipei, Taiwan Background: The outcome of postoperative high- and intermediate-risk oral cavity cancer (OCC patients receiving helical tomotherapy (HT remains limited. Materials and methods: Between November 2006 and November 2012, 53 postoperative high- and intermediate-risk OCC patients treated with HT were enrolled. Results: The 4-year locoregional, local, and regional control rates were 66%, 76.4%, and 94.3%, respectively. The 4-year locoregional control rates of oral tongue and buccal mucosa cancer were 88.3% and 37.1%, respectively (P=0.012. Eleven (20.8% patients experienced locoregional failure. In-field failure occurred in six of 53 (11.3% in the primary area and three of 53 (5.7% in the regional lymph-node area. No marginal failure was noted. Two of 53 (3.8% experienced out-of-field failure. The rates of grade 3 dermatitis

  9. The Health Utilities Index (HUI®: concepts, measurement properties and applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Horsman John

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract This is a review of the Health Utilities Index (HUI® multi-attribute health-status classification systems, and single- and multi-attribute utility scoring systems. HUI refers to both HUI Mark 2 (HUI2 and HUI Mark 3 (HUI3 instruments. The classification systems provide compact but comprehensive frameworks within which to describe health status. The multi-attribute utility functions provide all the information required to calculate single-summary scores of health-related quality of life (HRQL for each health state defined by the classification systems. The use of HUI in clinical studies for a wide variety of conditions in a large number of countries is illustrated. HUI provides comprehensive, reliable, responsive and valid measures of health status and HRQL for subjects in clinical studies. Utility scores of overall HRQL for patients are also used in cost-utility and cost-effectiveness analyses. Population norm data are available from numerous large general population surveys. The widespread use of HUI facilitates the interpretation of results and permits comparisons of disease and treatment outcomes, and comparisons of long-term sequelae at the local, national and international levels.

  10. The AGG interruption pattern within the CGG repeat of the FMR1 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Hua-Hsien Chiu1 Yi-Ting Tseng2 Hui-Pin Hsiao3 Hui-Hua Hsiao3. Department of Biotechnology, Fooyin University, Kaohsiung 831, Taiwan; School of Medical and Health Science, Fooyin University, Kaohsiung 831, Taiwan; Faculty of Medicine, College of Medicine, and Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung ...

  11. Something Out of a Nightmare

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjerkegaard, Stefan

    2008-01-01

    “Something out of a nightmare. Om Cho Seung-Hui og hans tekster” forsøger at belyse forholdet mellem de litterære tekster, som Virginia Tech morderen, Cho Seung-Hui, skrev, og dennes grusomme handlinger. Et par af teksterne blev, kort tid efter mordene, tilgængelige på nettet. Det gav anledning t...

  12. Sex and the City

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Scheen, L.M.

    2006-01-01

    Mian Mian pouring beer on Wei Hui’s head in a Shanghai bar; Wei Hui baring her breasts at a press conference; threats on the Internet – self-labelled Beauty Writers Mian Mian and Wei Hui fear no accusations in their public catfight over alleged plagiarism in turn-of-the-century Shanghai. The rivalry

  13. Prevalence of HIV and malaria: a cross-sectional study on Bioko ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Prevalence of HIV and malaria: a cross-sectional study on Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea. Xiangbin Zheng, Min Lin, Dong-De Xie, Jian Li, Jiang-Tao Chen, Urbano Monsuy Eyi, Santiago-m Monte-Nguba, Juan Carlos Sala Ehapo, Hui Yang, Hui-Tian Yang, Li-Ye Yang ...

  14. The Effects of Different Warm-up Volumes on the 100-m Swimming Performance: A Randomized Crossover Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neiva, Henrique P; Marques, Mário C; Barbosa, Tiago M; Izquierdo, Mikel; Viana, João L; Teixeira, Ana M; Marinho, Daniel A

    2015-11-01

    The aim of this study was to compare the effect of 3 different warm-up (WU) volumes on 100-m swimming performance. Eleven male swimmers at the national level completed 3 time trials of 100-m freestyle on separate days and after a standard WU, a short WU (SWU), or a long WU (LWU) in a randomized sequence. All of them replicated some usual sets and drills, and the WU totaled 1,200 m, the SWU totaled 600 m, and the LWU totaled 1,800 m. The swimmers were faster after the WU (59.29 seconds; confidence interval [CI] 95%, 57.98-60.61) and after the SWU (59.38 seconds; CI 95%, 57.92-60.84) compared with the LWU (60.18 seconds; CI 95%, 58.53-61.83). The second 50-m lap after the WU was performed with a higher stroke length (effect size [ES] = 0.77), stroke index (ES = 1.26), and propelling efficiency (ES = 0.78) than that after the SWU. Both WU and SWU resulted in higher pretrial values of blood lactate concentrations [La] compared with LWU (ES = 1.58 and 0.74, respectively), and the testosterone:cortisol levels were increased in WU compared with LWU (ES = 0.86). In addition, the trial after WU caused higher [La] (ES ≥ 0.68) and testosterone:cortisol values compared with the LWU (ES = 0.93). These results suggest that an LWU could impair 100-m freestyle performance. The swimmers showed higher efficiency during the race after a 1200-m WU, suggesting a favorable situation. It highlighted the importance of the [La] and hormonal responses to each particular WU, possibly influencing performance and biomechanical responses during a 100-m race.

  15. China Report, Science & Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-04-30

    Contracting System Examined (Wang Shengqiao; KEXUEXUE YU KEXUE JISHU GUANLI, No 1, Jan 87) 3 Wu Wushu Discusses New Scientific, Technical Legislation...research units and must not impose uniformity on them across the board. 12581 CSO: 4008/2074 10 NATIONAL DEVELOPMENTS WU WUSHU DISCUSSES NEW...and Technical Legislation Research Work Conference, State Science and Technology Commission Secretary Wu Wushu [0702 2976 2885] made a request about

  16. Acta Aerodynamica Sinica,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-11-03

    Xttack; by Wang Zixing and Wu Genxing .............................. 110’) On the Investigation of Separated Flow in the lase,-by Bian Yinqui and Dong...1984). 109 Effect of Winglet on Spatial Vortex of a Solid in Rotation at /49 High Angle of Attack Wang Zixing and Wu Genxing (Nanjing Aeronautical...attract the separation vortex of the slender body. 120 References [1] Wu Genxing and Wang Zixing, Symposium of China Society of Mechanics on "Flow

  17. Physiological and Psychophysical Responses to Listening to Music during Warm-Up and Circuit-Type Resistance Exercise in Strength Trained Men

    OpenAIRE

    Hamid Arazi; Abbas Asadi; Morteza Purabed

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of listening to music during warm-up and resistance exercise on physiological (heart rate and blood pressure) and psychophysical (rating of perceived exertion) responses in trained athletes. Twelve strength trained male participants performed warm-up and resistance exercise without music (WU+RE without M), warm-up and resistance exercise with music (WU+RE with M), WU with M and RE without M, and WU without M and RE with M, with 48 hours spac...

  18. JPRS Report China

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-04-13

    Grain Problems; Tianjin Port Handles More Exports; Inner Mongolia Personnel Reshuffles Noted; Origin of Taiwan Independence Movement Analyzed; Publisher Wu Feng-shan Discusses Political Trends; and others.

  19. Improving Undergraduates' Argumentative Group Essay Writing through Self-Assessment

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Fung, Yong Mei; Mei, Hooi Chee

    2015-01-01

    When writing an argumentative essay, writers develop and evaluate arguments to embody, initiate, or simulate various kinds of interpersonal and textual interaction for reader consideration (Wu & Allison, 2003...

  20. Baseline comparison of three health utility measures and the feeling thermometer among participants in the action to control cardiovascular risk in diabetes trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raisch Dennis W

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Health utility (HU measures are used as overall measures of quality of life and to determine quality adjusted life years (QALYs in economic analyses. We compared baseline values of three HUs including Short Form 6 Dimensions (SF-6D, and Health Utilities Index, Mark II and Mark III (HUI2 and HUI3 and the feeling thermometer (FT among type 2 diabetes participants in the Action to Control Cardiovascular Risk in Diabetes (ACCORD trial. We assessed relationships between HU and FT values and patient demographics and clinical variables. Methods ACCORD was a randomized clinical trial to test if intensive controls of glucose, blood pressure and lipids can reduce the risk of major cardiovascular disease (CVD events in type 2 diabetes patients with high risk of CVD. The health-related quality of life (HRQOL sub-study includes 2,053 randomly selected participants. Interclass correlations (ICCs and agreement between measures by quartile were used to evaluate relationships between HU’s and the FT. Multivariable regression models specified relationships between patient variables and each HU and the FT. Results The ICCs were 0.245 for FT/SF-6D, 0.313 for HUI3/SF-6D, 0.437 for HUI2/SF-6D, 0.338 for FT/HUI2, 0.337 for FT/HUI3 and 0.751 for HUI2/HUI3 (P P P  Conclusions The agreements between the different HUs were poor except for the two HUI measures; therefore HU values derived different measures may not be comparable. The FT had low agreement with HUs. The relationships between HUs and demographic and clinical measures demonstrate how severity of diabetes and other clinical and demographic factors are associated with HUs and FT measures. Trial registration ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00000620

  1. Mapping and Understanding Ethnic Disparities in Length of Schooling: The Case of Ningxia Autonomous Region, China

    OpenAIRE

    Gustafsson, Björn Anders; Sai, Ding

    2014-01-01

    Disparities in length of schooling between the largest Muslim minority in China, the Hui, and the Han majority are investigated. We use household data collected in Ningxia autonomous region in 2007. It is found that compared with Han persons of the same age and gender, Hui persons have shorter educations with the exception of young and middle-aged urban males who have twelve years of schooling, on average. Particularly noteworthy is that as many as 45 percent of adult rural Hui females are no...

  2. Pyongyangi leedi Macbeth tõmbab niite Põhja-Koreas / Yuriko Koike

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koike, Yuriko

    2010-01-01

    Põhja-Korea liidri Kim Jong-il'i õest Kim Kyong-hui'st. Autori, Jaapani endise kaitseministri väitel on hakatud uskuma, et Kim Jong-il võib igal hetkel määrata just Kim Kyong-hui üleminekuaja valitsejaks, kes peab korraldama tema surma järel kolmanda põlvkonna Kimi võimuletuleku, kuid Kim Kyong-hui võib ise ihata saada Kim Jong-ili mantlipärijaks

  3. Abstracts from the 15th International Myopia Conference

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandra Benavente-Perez

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Table of contents O1 Changes in peripheral refraction associated with decreased ocular axial growth rate in marmosets Alexandra Benavente-Perez, Ann Nour, Tobin Ansel, Kathleen Abarr, Luying Yan, Keisha Roden, David Troilo O2 PPARα activation suppresses myopia development by increasing scleral collagen synthesis--a new drug target to suppress myopia development Chanyi Lu, Miaozhen Pan, Min Zheng, Jia Qu, Xiangtian Zhou O3 Evidence and possibilities for local ocular growth regulating signal pathways Christine F Wildsoet O4 Myopia researches at Eye Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University Fan Lu, Xiangtian Zhou, Jie Chen, Jinhua Bao, Liang Hu, Qinmei Wang, Zibing Jin, Jia Qu O5 Color, temporal contrast and myopia Frances Rucker, Stephanie Britton, Stephan Hanowsky, Molly Spatcher O6 The impact of atropine usage on visual function and reading performance in myopic school children in Taiwan Hui-Ying Kuo, Ching-Hsiu Ke, I-Hsin Kuo, Chien-Chun Peng, Han-Yin Sun O7 Increased time outdoors prevents the onset of myopia: evidence from randomised clinical trials Ian G Morgan O8 Environmental risk factors and gene-environment interactions for myopia in the ALSPAC cohort Jeremy A. Guggenheim, Rupal L. Shah, Cathy Williams O9 Retinal metabolic profiling identifies declines in FP receptor-linked signaling as contributors to form-deprived myopic development in guinea pigs Jinglei Yang, Peter S. Reinach, Sen Zhang, Miaozhen Pan, Wenfeng Sun, Bo Liu, Xiangtian Zhou O10 The study of peripheral refraction in moderate and high myopes after one month of wearing orthokeratology lens Jun Jiang, Haoran Wu, Fan Lu O11 Axial length of school children around the earth’s equatorial area and factors affecting the axial length Kazuo Tsubota, Hiroko Ozawa, Hidemasa Torii, Shigemasa Takamizawa, Toshihide Kurihara, Kazuno Negishi O12 Processing of defocus in the chicken retina by retinal ganglion cells Klaus Graef, Daniel Rathbun, Frank Schaeffel O13 Blue SAD light protects

  4. Review of the East Palaearctic and North Oriental Psyttalia Walker, with the description of three new species (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Opiinae)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wu, Q.; Achterberg, van C.; Tan, J.-L.; Chen, X.-X.

    2016-01-01

    The East Palaearctic and North Oriental species of the genus Psyttalia Walker (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Opiinae) are reviewed. Three new species are described and illustrated: P. latinervis Wu & van Achterberg, sp. n. and P. majocellata Wu & van Achterberg, sp. n. from China, and P. spectabilis van

  5. Developing institutional collaboration between Wageningen university and the Chinese academy of agricultural sciences

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bonnema, A.B.; Lin, Z.; Qu, L.; Jacobsen, E.

    2006-01-01

    Scientific co-operation between the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS) and Wageningen University (WU) has been underway since 1990, especially in the field of plant sciences. In 2001, CAAS and WU initiated a formal joint PhD training programme to further structure their co-operation.

  6. Journal of Biosciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Biosciences. Ding Wu. Articles written in Journal of Biosciences. Volume 41 Issue 2 June 2016 pp 229-236 Article. Silencing of HMGA2 promotes apoptosis and inhibits migration and invasion of prostate cancer cells · Zhan Shi Ding Wu Run Tang Xiang Li Renfu Chen Song Xue Chengjing Zhang ...

  7. Journal of Earth System Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Earth System Science. ShaoFei Wu. Articles written in Journal of Earth System Science. Volume 126 Issue 4 June 2017 pp 48. Joint pattern of seasonal hydrological droughts and floods alternation in China's Huai River Basin using the multivariate L-moments · ShaoFei Wu Xiang Zhang DunXian ...

  8. DMPD: Mechanism of age-associated up-regulation in macrophage PGE2 synthesis. [Dynamic Macrophage Pathway CSML Database

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 15331118 Mechanism of age-associated up-regulation in macrophage PGE2 synthesis. Wu...e-associated up-regulation in macrophage PGE2 synthesis. PubmedID 15331118 Title Mechanism of age-associated... up-regulation in macrophage PGE2 synthesis. Authors Wu D, Meydani SN. Publicatio

  9. Bulletin of Materials Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science. Anhua Wu. Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 27 Issue 4 August 2004 pp 333-336 Crystal Growth. Bridgman growth and defects of Nd : Sr3Ga2Ge4O14 laser crystals · Jiaxuan Ding Anhua Wu Jiayue Xu · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF.

  10. Women in physics

    CERN Document Server

    Indovino, Shaina

    2013-01-01

    What does it take to be a physicist? Lise Meitner, Katharine Blodgett, Maria Goeppert-Mayer, Chien-Shiung Wu, Ursula Franklin, Argelia Velez-Rodriguez, Sau Lan Wu, Shirley Ann Jackson, Lisa Randall and opportunities for women in physics today.

  11. Software Quality Measurement for Distributed Systems. Volume 1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-07-01

    Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, Jun. 1980 (CHW) ( Chu , W. and Chew, P., "Computer Networks: A Tutorial", IEEE Comput. Soc., New York, 1980) (COD...Pragmatic View of Distributed Processing Systems", IEEE Conput. Soc., Los Alemedas, California, 1980) (WU) Wu, Chuan-lin, & Feng, Tsu -yun. "A software

  12. Nested Nanotherapeutics for Drug Synergy Enhancement in Breast Cancer Therapy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-09-01

    feedback loop activation – Task 2, Aim 2 Reportable Outcomes • Refereed publications - Ruiz-Esparza, G.U.; Wu, S.; Segura-Ibarra, V.; Cara , F.E...32, 2309-23. *Contributed equally - Blanco, E.; Sangai, T.; Wu, S.; Hsiao, A.; Ruiz-Esparza, G.U.; Gonzalez- Delgado, C.A.; Cara , F.E.; Granados

  13. Free vibrations of a multi-span Timoshenko beam carrying multiple ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Wu (2002) obtained the natural frequencies and mode shapes of the beams carrying any number of two-degrees of freedom spring-mass systems by using finite element method (FEM). Wu & Chen (2001) used the numerical assembly technique for free vibration analysis of a Timoshenko beam carrying multiple spring-mass.

  14. Journal of Biosciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Productivity and biochemical properties of green tea in response to full-length and functional fragments of HpaGXooc, a harpin protein from the bacterial rice leaf streak pathogen Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzicola · Xiaojing Wu Tingquan Wu Juying Long Qian Yin Yong Zhang Lei Chen Ruoxue Liu Tongchun Gao Hansong ...

  15. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Sadhana. M-J Wu. Articles written in Sadhana. Volume 35 Issue 5 October 2010 pp 631-647. Development of numerical modelling of analysis program for energy-dissipating behaviour of velocity dependent hydraulic damper · M-H Shih W-P Sung M-J Wu · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. A relief valve ...

  16. Fundamental Investigations into the Infrared Properties of Carbon Nanotubes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-23

    Vallejo , Rongtao Lu, Judy Wu. Development of Textured Magnesium Oxide Templates on Amorphous Polymer SurfacesUsing Ion-Beam-Assisted Deposition, Applied...Applied Physics Letters 99, 023111 (2011) 18. A. Elliot, Vallejo , R.T. Lu, and J.Z. Wu, “Development of Textured Magnesium Oxides Templates on

  17. 团队悟性创新理论框架

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Xin, Wang; Li, Peter Ping

    2017-01-01

    ,imagination, symbolism, metaphor, analogy, and insight. Based on the literature about knowledge creation and organizational learning, the new framework of "Wu"-based team-level innovation emerges from four cases of "Wu"-based knowledge creation in a Chinese aerospace team, with a special reference to the Western notion...

  18. Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Ethiopia - Vol 30, No 1 (2016)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Synthesis, Hirshfeld surface analyses and magnetism of a 1D Mn(II) complex · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. L. Lu, J. Wang, W. P. Wu, X. R. Wu, A. Kumar, 111-118. http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/bcse.v30i1.10 ...

  19. A Review of Cyanobacterial Odorous and Bioactive Metabolites: Impacts and Management Alternatives in Aquaculture

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-05-06

    cyanobacterium Lyngbya majuscula. Phytochemistry 49, 2387–2389. Martin, J.F., McCoy, C.P., Greenleaf, W., Bennett, L., 1987. Analysis of 2...Bioactive natural products frommarine cyanobacteria for drug discovery. Phytochemistry 68, 954–979. Tang, J.W., Wu, Q.Y., Hao, H.W., Chen, Y., Wu, M

  20. Hopes for Confucian Pedagogy in China?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayhoe, Ruth

    2014-01-01

    This commentary on Wu Zongjie's article "Interpretation, autonomy and transformation: Chinese pedagogic discourse in a cross-cultural perspective" begins by suggesting the usefulness of Wu's polar opposite depiction of Confucian and modern pedagogy as ideal types for comparative exploration. It goes on to suggest that the term…

  1. Reference: 188 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 188 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u15753038i Wu Xuelin ...STIMPY/WOX9 for Arabidopsis meristem growth and maintenance. 5 436-40 15753038 2005 Mar Current biology Dabi Tsegaye|Weigel Detlef|Wu Xuelin

  2. 77 FR 34342 - Order Denying Export Privileges

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-11

    ... Alex Wu, Currently Incarcerated at: Inmate Number: 40887-424 FMC Devens, Federal Medical Center, P.O... addresses at: Inmate Number: 40887-424, FMC Devens, Federal Medical Center, P.O. Box 879, Ayer, MA 01432 and... person, firm, corporation, or business organization related to Wu by affiliation, ownership, control or...

  3. Expression analysis and characteristics of hypothetical protein ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    W Zhang, H Lan, T Wu, C Jiang, Z Lv, Z Nie, X Wu, Y Zhang. Abstract. We cloned a cDNA from silkworm pupal cDNA library and found that, it encodes LOC778500 protein (a “hypothetical protein” in the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) database). Thus, we named it BmLOC778500 (Bombyx mori ...

  4. Pilk video homsesse päeva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Digivideo kipub uputama kogu internetti. Carnegie Melloni ülikooli IT-teadlase Hui Zhangi arvates võiksid päästerõngaks osutuda partnervõrgud. Artikkel üldpealkirja all: 10 tulevikutehnoloogiat 2007

  5. How to interpret liver function tests

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2017-05-02

    6. 9. Angulo P, Hui JM, Marchesini G, etal. The NAFLD fibrosis score: a noninvasive system that identifies liver fibrosis in patients with NAFLD, Hepatology 2007;. 45(4):846-54. 10. World Health Organization. Guidelines for the.

  6. Commemorating a ‘Foreign’ War in a Neutral Country The Political Insignificance of World War 1 Memory in the Netherlands

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    K. Ribbens

    2016-01-01

    The recent creation of a First World War museum exhibit at Huis Doorn reflects the increased Dutch attention paid to this war, accompanying the international Centenary efforts, although the neutral...

  7. Palmyra Atoll - Corallimorph Control 2014

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This is an ongoing project with many stages. The first stage included the removal of the Hui Feng No. 1 ship wreck, which was completed in January 2014. The second...

  8. Niche construction in evolutionary theory: the construction of an ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Navya

    2017-04-03

    . Laland et al. .... architects and their style of architecture exert great influence on the final form that the building takes. Laland's (2015) ..... Hui C. and Yue D. 2005 Niche construction and polymorphism maintenance in.

  9. Koopia originaali ja camp'i vahel / Harry Liivrand

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Liivrand, Harry, 1961-

    2001-01-01

    Brasiilia-ameerika fotograafi Vik Muniz'e (s. 1961 Brasiilias, elab USA-s) fotonäitus "Virtuoos, kellest sai fotograaf" Amsterdamis Huis Marseille's. Fotograaf reprodutseerib toiduainete, majapidamistarvete ja prahiga koopiaid kunstiteostest, mille hiljem pildistab

  10. De columbine à virgínia tech: reflexões com base empírica sobre um fenômeno em expansão

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Vieira, Timoteo Madaleno; Mendes, Francisco Dyonísio Cardoso; Guimarães, Leonardo Conceição

    2009-01-01

    .... Posteriormente, em abril de 2007, o estudante Cho Seung-Hui protagonizou um massacre de proporções ainda maiores ao atirar contra estudantes do Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, matando 32 pessoas e se suicidando ao final...

  11. Family History of Diabetes Links Impaired Substrate Switching and Reduced Mitochondrial Content in Skeletal Muscle

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Barbara Ukropcova; Olga Sereda; Lilian de Jonge; Iwona Bogacka; Tuong Nguyen; Hui Xie; George A. Bray; Steven R. Smith

    2007-01-01

    Family History of Diabetes Links Impaired Substrate Switching and Reduced Mitochondrial Content in Skeletal Muscle Barbara Ukropcova , Olga Sereda , Lilian de Jonge , Iwona Bogacka , Tuong Nguyen , Hui Xie , George A. Bray and Steven R...

  12. Disease: H00402 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available H00402 Severe acute respiratory syndrome; SARS Severe acute respiratory syndrome (S...sons learned from other coronaviruses. Viral Immunol 16:461-74 (2003) PMID:20674795 (description) Hui DS, Chan PK Severe

  13. Rembrandt Goethe kogust

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1999-01-01

    Rembrandti majamuuseum Amsterdamis Rembrandt-Huis tähistab Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 250. sünniaastapäeva 18. juulini avatud 17. sajandi hollandi graafika väljapanekuga "Goethe ja Rembrandt. Joonistused Weimarist"

  14. A study of a rare chromosomal disorder: mosaic 46, XX, del (18)(p11 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. Dan Peng1 Pan-Pan Long1 Bo Wen1 Rong-Hui Yu1. Genetic Counseling Unit, Department of Centralab, The First People's Hospital of Changde City, Changde 415000, Hunan, People's Republic of China ...

  15. JUST 27 No. 3 December 2007

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    2007-12-03

    Delamination during Drilling in Compos- ite Laminates", ASME Journal of Engineer- ing for Industry, pp. 39-47. Hui, D., (1999), "Sixth Annual International Con- ference On Composites Engineering. ICCE/6", Orlando, Florida, pp.

  16. Virginia koolimõrvar oli tähelepandamatu / Neeme Raud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raud, Neeme, 1969-

    2007-01-01

    USA ajaloo ohvriterohkeima koolimõrva korraldas 23-aastane lõunakorealane Cho Seung-Hui, kes õppis Virginia tehnikaülikoolis. Lisad: Ohvriterohked koolitulistamised. Virginia tehnikaülikooli linnak

  17. The Rise of China’s Middle Class and Prospects for Democratization

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-06-01

    authoritarian China. Kishore Mahbubani, dean of the Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy in Singapore, has observed that “the United States should be...Ching-kuo, and Lee Teng-hui would never have taken the necessary steps to democratize. Furthermore, the DPP would not have agreed to such compromises...under three key KMT leaders--Chiang Kai-shek, Chiang Ching-kuo, and Lee Teng-hui--to ensure that the government remained stable. The other variable

  18. Financing Terror: Analysis and Simulation to Affect Terrorist Organizations’ Financial Infrastructures

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-09-15

    ecstasy and cannabis -also appear to play a role in funding PIRA activities. Some dispute exists between various UK and Irish law enforcement...China-"flying money"), hui k’uan and ch’iao hui (Mandarin Chinese ), nging sing kek (Cantonese Chinese ) and phoe kuah (Thailand).29’ An IVTS money...also difficult to discern (Does the group use the funds available to attack now, or cultivate an environment which enables larger attacks five years

  19. Methodology and measurement properties of health-related quality of life instruments: A prospective study of patients undergoing breast reduction surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Veltri Karen

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Breast hypertrophy is associated with clinically important morbidity. A prospective study was conducted to assess the change in health-related quality of life (HRQL following breast reduction mammoplasty. This paper describes the measurement properties of each of the HRQL questionnaires used. Methods The reliability, responsiveness, and the construct validity of each HRQL instrument (the Health Utilities Index Mark 2 (HUI2 and Mark 3 (HUI3 and the Breast Reduction Assessment Value and Outcomes (BRAVO instruments were assessed. The BRAVO instruments are a set of separate instruments including the Short Form-36 (SF-36, the Multidimensional Body Self Relations Questionnaire Appearance Assessment (MBSRQ-AS, and the Breast Related Symptoms Questionnaire (BRSQ. Results The HUI2, the HUI3, the MBSRQ-AS, and the breast severity symptom (BSS score from the BRSQ all demonstrated good test-retest reliability. The SF-36 physical component summary, the MBSRQ-AS, and the BSS score demonstrated high responsiveness. The SF-36 mental component summary and the HUI3 had a moderate effect size and the HUI2 had a small effect size. All of the changes in scales are correlated in the same direction except for the SF-36 physical component summary and the SF-36 mental component summary. Conclusion All four instruments were found to be reliable and responsive. These instruments can be used in similar clinical settings to evaluate the change in patients' HRQL.

  20. An investigation into the effects of different warm-up modalities on specific motor skills related to soccer performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fletcher, Iain M; Monte-Colombo, Mathew M

    2010-08-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of different warm-up stretch modalities on specific high-speed motor capabilities important to soccer performance. Twenty-seven male soccer players performed 3 warm-up conditions, active warm-up (WU), WU with static stretching (SPS), and WU with dynamic stretching (ADS). Heart rate, countermovement jump, 20-m sprint, and Balsom agility tests were performed after each intervention. Vertical jump heights were significantly greater (p < 0.01) in the WU and ADS conditions compared to those in the SPS trial. The 20-m sprint and agility times showed that the SPS condition was significantly slower (p < 0.01) than the WU and ADS conditions, with the ADS trial being significantly faster (p < 0.05) than the WU condition. Heart rate was significantly higher (p < 0.01) for participants post-WU and -ADS trials compared to the SPS condition. These findings suggest that the superior performance of the dynamic stretch and warm-up-only conditions compared to the static stretch condition may be linked to increases in heart rate. The reasons for the dynamic stretch trial superiority compared to the warm-up condition are less clear and as yet to be established. We recommend for optimal performance, specific dynamic stretches be employed as part of a warm-up, rather than the traditional static stretches.

  1. Multivoxel magnetic resonance spectroscopy identifies enriched foci of cancer stem-like cells in high-grade gliomas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    He T

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Tao He,1–3,* Tianming Qiu,4,* Xiaodong Wang,5 Hongxing Gui,6 Xilong Wang,2 Qikuan Hu,3,7 Hechun Xia,2 Gaoyang Qi,1,2 Jinsong Wu,4 Hui Ma2 1Clinical Medicine College, Ningxia Medical University, 2Department of Neurosurgery, General Hospital of Ningxia Medical University, 3Ningxia Key Laboratory of Cerebrocranial Diseases, The National Key Laboratory Incubation Base, Yinchuan, 4Department of Neurosurgery, Huashan Hospital, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai, 5Department of Radiology, General Hospital of Ningxia Medical University, Yinchuan, People’s Republic of China; 6Department of Neuroscience and Cell Biology, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School of Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ, USA; 7Department of Physiology, Ningxia Medical University, Yinchuan, People’s Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Objective: This study investigated the correlation between choline/creatine (Cho/Cr ratios determined by multivoxel proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS and the distribution of cancer stem-like cells (CSLCs in high-grade gliomas. Patients and methods: Sixteen patients with high-grade gliomas were recruited and underwent 1H-MRS examination before surgery to identify distinct tumor regions with variable Cho/Cr ratios. Using intraoperative neuronavigation, tumor tissues were accurately sampled from regions with high and low Cho/Cr ratios within each tumor. The distribution of CSLCs in samples from glioma tissue regions with different Cho/Cr ratios was quantified by neurosphere culture, immunohistochemistry, and Western blot. Results: The mean neurosphere formation rate in tissues with high Cho/Cr ratios was significantly increased compared with that in low Cho/Cr ratio tissues (13.94±5.94 per 100 cells vs 8.04±3.99 per 100 cells, P<0.001. Immunohistochemistry indicated that tissues with high Cho/Cr ratios had elevated expression of CD133, nestin, and CD15, relative to low Cho/Cr ratio tissue

  2. PREFACE: Cooperative dynamics Cooperative dynamics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gov, Nir

    2011-09-01

    , the biological problems that inspire these physical studies cover fundamental processes, from cell division up to the dynamics within axons and neurons. We would like to acknowledge and thank all contributors for their submissions, which made this special issue possible in the first place. Moreover, we would like to thank the staff at IOP Publishing for helping us with the administrative aspects and for co-ordinating the refereeing process. We hope that readers will enjoy this collection of papers and that it will trigger them to further explore the endless open physics questions presented by biological systems. Cooperative dynamics contents How does the antagonism between capping and anti-capping proteins affect actin network dynamics? Longhua Hu and Garegin A Papoian The emergence of sarcomeric, graded-polarity and spindle-like patterns in bundles of short cytoskeletal polymers and two opposite molecular motorsE M Craig, S Dey and A Mogilner Model of myosin node aggregation into a contractile ring: the effect of local alignmentNikola Ojkic, Jian-Qiu Wu and Dimitrios Vavylonis Loop formation of microtubules during gliding at high densityLynn Liu, Erkan Tüzel and Jennifer L Ross Protein-coat dynamics and cluster phases in intracellular traffickingGreg Huber, Hui Wang and Ranjan Mukhopadhyay Conformational changes, diffusion and collective behavior in monomeric kinesin-based motilityKerwyn Casey Huang, Christian Vega and Ajay Gopinathan One-dimensional deterministic transport in neurons measured by dispersion-relation phase spectroscopyRu Wang, Zhuo Wang, Joe Leigh, Nahil Sobh, Larry Millet, Martha U Gillette, Alex J Levine and Gabriel Popescu

  3. The 2nd International Conference on Agricultural and Biological Sciences (ABS 2016

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lei Pei

    2016-10-01

    Salvia of Labiatae in China Xiaojuan Li, Ning Xu, Guofu Zhou, Ming Wan, Qi Lin, Fanyun Meng, Jianxiu Li 15 Three pulling resistance models of pioneer plant in landslide area Yichang Chen, Koayung Yu, Chunpin Chang 16 The comparison of physiological and biochemical mechanisms of Reaumuria soongorica and Salsola passerine in different growth pattern Zijuan Zhou, Peixi Su, Rui Shi, Tingting Xie 17 Resources use efficiency of the cosmopolitan plant Potentilla anserina L. in different alpine habitats in China Rui Shi, Peixi Su, Zijuan Zhou 18 Cloning of PPDK gene from Red Amaranand transformation of Alfalfa Xuelan Liu, Yan Zhang, Xiangfa Wei 19 Variation and cluster analysis of morphological characters and nutrient content of Chucrasia tabularis seed Chong Wu, Yanlei Yin, Lijuan Feng, Xuemei Yang, Fei Wang 20 Effect of the planting density of the areca nut on the growth of intercropped Vanilla Hua Wang, Huifa Zhuang, Zihui Zhu, Hui Wang

  4. Impact of in-band interference on a wake-up radio system in wireless sensor networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lebreton, J. M.; Murad, N. M.; Lorion, R.

    2017-05-01

    The energy efficiency of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) is considerably improved with Wake-up Radio (WuR) systems. However, their resilience to interference is often neglected in the literature. This might be an issue due to the proliferation of wireless devices and the growing field of internet of things. In this paper, we evaluate the impact of in-band interference from wireless devices on a WuR system. The approach proves that WuR systems are still performing well when coexisting with external wireless networks, even if the energy-efficiency is slightly reduced.

  5. An Analysis of Mine Water Inrush Based on Fractal and Non-Darcy Seepage Theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Jinsui; Cai, Jianchao; Zhao, Dongyun; Chen, Xuexi

    2014-09-01

    Mining rock mechanics is a new cross subject of mechanics and mining engineering, the seepage theory is one of the important research directions. This paper combines Wu-fractal/Ergun high-speed flow theory and dynamic system instability, reveals the influence factors of mine water inrush. Research shows that: Mine water inrush related to rock porosity, particle size, shape, fractal dimension, ratio of pore and throat, and other factors. Compared the critical Reynolds number which are got from Wu-fractal model and Ergun equation, Wu-fractal model can reveal more influence factors of mine water inrush than Ergun equation.

  6. The Effect of a Winglet on the Spatial Vortex of a Slender Body at High Angle of Attack,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-07-07

    OF A SLENDER BODY AT HIGH 0)ANGLE OF ATTACK !,D) toF by ~Wang Zixing, Wu Genxing Approved for public release;L"’J Distribution unlimited. q Ui...ATTACK By: Wang Zixing, Wu Genxing English pages: 12 Source: Konggi Donglixue Xuebao, Vol. 3, Nr. 1, 1985, pp. 49-53 Country of origin: China Translated by...U ~ ~ ’~ IL--c-k. au -ILI . W THE EFFECT OF A WINGLET ON THE SPATIAL VORTEX OF A SLENDER BODY AT HIGH ANGLE OF ATTACK Wang Zixing Wu Genxing

  7. People’s Republic of China Scientific Abstracts No. 179

    Science.gov (United States)

    1977-11-08

    No 2, April 1977 7 CHIH-WU HSUEH-PAO [ACTA BOTANICA SINICA] No 2, June 1977 22 I-CH’UAN HSUEH-PAO [ACTA GENETICA SINICA] No 1...sources with fluorescent dyes and applications in forensic medicine. 10 ATITHOR: WU Min [O702 4t ] ORG: Institute of Oncology...photorespirators. 8650 C50J 4009 29 ACTA GENETICA SINICA AUTHOR: WU An-chiu [0702 1344 0036] ORG: Technique Staff of San-t’ai Commune Fu County

  8. A cobalt (II) complex with 6-methylpicolinate: Synthesis, characterization, second- and third-order nonlinear optical properties, and DFT calculations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Altürk, Sümeyye; Avcı, Davut; Tamer, Ömer; Atalay, Yusuf; Şahin, Onur

    2016-11-01

    A cobalt(II) complex of 6-methylpicolinic acid, [Co(6-Mepic)2(H2O)2]·2H2O, was prepared and fully determined by single crystal X-ray crystal structure analysis as well as FT-IR, FT-Raman. UV-vis spectra were recorded within different solvents, to illustrate electronic transitions and molecular charge transfer within complex 1. The coordination sphere of complex 1 is a distorted octahedron according to single crystal X-ray results. Moreover, DFT (density functional theory) calculations with HSEH1PBE/6-311 G(d,p) level were carried out to back up the experimental results, and form base for future work in advanced level. Hyperconjugative interactions, intramolecular charge transfer (ICT), molecular stability and bond strength were researched by the using natural bond orbital (NBO) analysis. X-ray and NBO analysis results demonsrate that O-H···O hydrogen bonds between the water molecules and carboxylate oxygen atoms form a 2D supramolecular network, and also adjacent 2D networks connected by C-H···π and π···π interactions to form a 3D supramolecular network. Additionally, the second- and third-order nonlinear optical parameters of complex 1 were computed at DFT/HSEH1PBE/6-311 G(d,p) level. The refractive index (n) was calculated by using the Lorentz-Lorenz equation in order to investigate polarization behavior of complex 1 in different solvent polarities. The first-order static hyperpolarizability (β) value is found to be lower than pNA value because of the inversion symmetry around Co (II). But the second-order static hyperpolarizability (γ) value is 2.45 times greater than pNA value (15×10-30 esu). According to these results, Co(II) complex can be considered as a candidate to NLO material. Lastly molecular electrostatic potential (MEP), frontier molecular orbital energies and related molecular parameters for complex 1 were evaluated.

  9. 76 FR 27175 - Quarterly Publication of Individuals Who Have Chosen To Expatriate, as Required by Section 6039G

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-10

    ..., JR WINSTON WRIGHT MARTIN CLAUDE WU HO-MOU YANG HAN HSIANG YANG XUEMING YAU KEI YEE GLENN SEKKEMN... CHONG HWA YOUNG DESMOND W. YOUNG GILBERTO YOUNGER MATTHEW F YU XIAO YANG YUAN MARK FU-CHUN ZALATIMO ZADE...

  10. Periodic Solution of the Hematopoiesis Equation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ji-Huan He

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Wu and Liu (2012 presented some results for the existence and uniqueness of the periodic solutions for the hematopoiesis model. This paper gives a simple approach to find an approximate period of the model.

  11. 76 FR 55909 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License; Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-09

    ... Type: New NVO & OFF License. M & D Global Logistics, Inc. (NVO), 2211 S. Hacienda Blvd., Suite 200D, Hacienda Heights, CA 91745, Officers: Jeffrey Wu, Treasurer/CFO/ Director (Qualifying Individual), Bofei...

  12. 1 - 6_Abubakar and Muhammad_1

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    Navarro, 2000; Wu et al., 2005). Low phosphorus availability of many tropical and subtropical soils in combination with insufficient P fertilizer applicationhas been identified as one of the major factors responsible for low yields. (Kretzchmar et.

  13. Genetics Home Reference: Potocki-Shaffer syndrome

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... This Page Hall CR, Wu Y, Shaffer LG, Hecht JT. Familial case of Potocki-Shaffer syndrome associated ... Sue WC, Sheffield LJ, Irons M, Gomez EG, Hecht JT, Potocki L, Shaffer LG. Construction of a ...

  14. Journal of Biosciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    236 Article. Silencing of HMGA2 promotes apoptosis and inhibits migration and invasion of prostate cancer cells · Zhan Shi Ding Wu Run Tang Xiang Li Renfu Chen Song Xue Chengjing Zhang Xiaoqing Sun · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF.

  15. Evaluation of the Suspending Properties of the Co- precipitate of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    filtered through a clean muslin cloth to obtain a viscous filtrate (gum). The filtrate ..... Form Design, Churchill Livingston, Spain; 2007. Chap. 23; pp 383-405. 2. ... Wu S. Interfacial energy, structure and adhesion between polymers. In: Paul Dr.

  16. Requirement for capsule in colonization by Streptococcus pneumoniae

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Magee, A D; Yother, J

    2001-01-01

    .... Using isolates containing defined mutations in the S. pneumoniae capsule locus, we found that expression of the capsular polysaccharide is essential for colonization by the type 2 strain D39 and the type 3 strains A66 and WU2...

  17. Intellectual Property Experimentalism By Way Of Competition Law

    OpenAIRE

    Tim Wu

    2013-01-01

    Competition law and Intellectual Property have divergent intellectual cultures–the former more pragmatic and experimentalist; the latter influenced by natural law and vested rights. Tim Wu (US Federal Trade Commission)

  18. Autism and green space_clean

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — Autism and green space metrics in California elementary school districts. This dataset is associated with the following publication: Wu, J., and L. Jackson. Inverse...

  19. WHAT IS THE ANCIENT KOREAN RELIGION?

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    RICHARD D. MCBRIDE, II

    2006-01-01

    ...,” however, never use the term “shaman” (Kor. mu, Ch. wu) to describe the ritual and religious specialists, and yet they depict many kinds of beliefs and practices that we would call “religious...

  20. Identification of bacterial strains in viili by molecular taxonomy and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Identification of bacterial strains in viili by molecular taxonomy and their synergistic effects on milk curd and exopolysaccharides production. T Chen, Q Tan, M Wang, S Xiong, S Jiang, Q Wu, S Li, C Luo, H Wei ...

  1. Frequency-domain criterion for the chaos synchronization of time ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    domain criterion for ... Wu1 2 Yun Chen1. College of Electronic Engineering, Naval University of Engineering, Wuhan 430033, People's Republic of China; Guangzhou Naval Marine Academy, Guangzhou 510430, People's Republic of China ...

  2. Women and the Elements: The Role of Women in Element and Fission Discoveries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spradley, Joseph L.

    1989-01-01

    Describes the scientific work of several women, including Marie Curie, Lise Meitner, Ida Noddack, Irene Curie, Marguerite Perey, Chien-Shiung Wu, and Maria Mayer. Discusses the connections between their discoveries. Thirty-six references are listed. (YP)

  3. Editorial-Sharing Clinical Trial Data: A Proposal from the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Darren B Taichman, Joyce Backus, Christopher Baethge, Howard Bauchner, Peter W de Leeuw, Jeffrey M Drazen, John Fletcher, Frank A Frizelle, Trish Groves, Abraham Haileamlak, Astrid James, Christine Laine, Larry Peiperl, Anja Pinborg, Peush Sahni, Sinan Wu ...

  4. African Journal of Biotechnology - Vol 8, No 18 (2009)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Numerical investigation of flow characteristics and irradiance history in a novel photobioreactor · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. L.B Wu, Y.Z Song ...

  5. Pop / Andri Riid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Riid, Andri, 1972-

    2008-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: Nice Try "Nice Try", Wu Tang Clan "8 Diagrams", Niki "Äike päike", Röövel Ööbik "Popsubterranea", Tijuana Mon Amour Broadcasting Inc. "Cold Jubilee (of the Snowqueen), "Holy Fuck "LP"

  6. Media and Security Team

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — The Media And Security Team led by Prof. Min Wu was established in Fall 2001 at University of Maryland, College Park. A number of research and education activities...

  7. Dancing with the Stars: An Asterid NLR Family.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rathjen, John P; Dodds, Peter N

    2017-10-10

    Wu and co-workers show how a network of sensor and helper NOD-like receptor proteins (NLRs) act together to confer robust resistance to diverse plant pathogens. Crown Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  8. NEW DATA ON SPIDERS (ARACHNIDA: ARANEI FROM SOUTH-WESTERN MONGOLIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. A. Fomichev

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available New records of 12 species found in Mongolia for the first time are provided. One of them – Dipoena yutian Hu et Wu, 1989 – previously known only from Xinjiang Province of China is illustrated.

  9. Lead Test

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... poison you. Most lead is present as an inorganic compound and does not move well through the ... D. R., Editors (© 2006). Contemporary Practice in Clinical Chemistry: AACC Press, Washington, DC. Pp 474. Wu, A. (© ...

  10. Cadmium accumulation characteristics of low-cadmium rice (Oryza sativa L.) line and F1hybrids grown in cadmium-contaminated soils.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Kun; Yu, Haiying; Li, Tingxuan; Chen, Guangdeng; Huang, Fu

    2017-07-01

    Cadmium (Cd) pollution has threatened severely to food safety and human health. A pot experiment and a field experiment were conducted to investigate the difference of Cd accumulation between rice (Oryza sativa L.) lines and F 1 hybrids in Cd-contaminated soils. The adverse effect on biomass of rice lines was greater than that of F 1 hybrids under Cd treatments in the pot experiment. The variations of Cd concentration among rice cultivars in different organs were smaller in stem and leaf, but larger in root and ear. Average proportion of Cd in root of F 1 hybrids was 1.39, 1.39, and 1.16 times higher than those of rice lines at the treatment of 1, 2, and 4 mg Cd kg -1 soil, respectively. Cd concentrations in ear of F 1 hybrids were significantly lower than rice lines with the reduction from 29.24 to 50.59%. Cd concentrations in brown rice of all F 1 hybrids were less than 0.2 mg kg -1 at 1 mg Cd kg -1 soil, in which Lu98A/YaHui2816, 5406A/YaHui2816, and C268A/YaHui2816 could be screened out as cadmium-safe cultivars (CSCs) for being safe even at 2 mg Cd kg -1 soil. C268A/YaHui2816 showed the lowest Cd concentration in root among F 1 hybrids, while Lu98A/YaHui2816 and 5406A/YaHui2816 showed lower capability of Cd translocation from root to shoot under Cd exposure, which eventually caused the lower Cd accumulation in brown rice. The lower level of Cd translocation contributed to reducing the accumulation of Cd in brown rice had been validated by the field experiment. Thus, Lu98A/YaHui2816, 5406A/YaHui2816, and C268A/YaHui2816 could be considered as potential CSCs to cultivate in Cd-contaminated soils (<2 mg Cd kg -1 soil).

  11. AHP 40: Review: CHINA FROM EMPIRE TO NATION-STATE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tristan G Brown

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Michael Gibbs Hill's excellent translation of the introduction to Wang Hui's four-volume opus, The Rise of Modern Chinese Thought 现代中 国思想的兴起 provides a substantial contribution to scholars of China and intellectual historians by bringing another of Wang Hui's critical works into English (for other such examples, see Wang and Huters 2003 and 2011. The task of translating could not have been easy, as Wang Hui frequently cites works from Chinese antiquity and translated texts from abroad, making Hill's results truly exceptional. The translation is accessible and painstakingly executed, with many important phrases explained for non-specialists alongside transliterated key terms. The Rise of Modern Chinese Thought demonstrates the need for translation work in the fields of area studies by making the important works of non-English speakers available to Anglophone audiences. As Zhang Yongle pointed out in his review on the work in toto, "It can safely be said that nothing comparable to Wang Hui's work has appeared in China since the late Qing-early Republican period" (Zhang 2010:71. Wang Hui, while exploring the links between China and its past through the country's rich intellectual traditions, manages to deftly discuss China in global terms and historical contexts. Hill's helpful introduction contextualizes Wang's writing style in the zeitgeist of the post Tiananmen period from 1990 to 2010. ...

  12. Impact of impairment and secondary health conditions on health preference among Canadians with chronic spinal cord injury.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Craven, Catharine; Hitzig, Sander L; Mittmann, Nicole

    2012-09-01

    To describe the relationships between secondary health conditions and health preference in a cohort of adults with chronic spinal cord injury (SCI). Cross-sectional telephone survey. Community. Community-dwelling adult men and women (N = 357) with chronic traumatic and non-traumatic SCI (C1-L3 AIS A-D) who were at least 1 year post-injury/onset. Not applicable. Health Utilities Index-Mark III (HUI-Mark III) and SCI Secondary Conditions Scale-Modified (SCS-M). SCS-M responses for different secondary health conditions were used to create "low impact = absent/mild" and "high impact = moderate/significant" secondary health condition groups. Analysis of covariance was used to examine differences in HUI-Mark III scores for different secondary health conditions while controlling for impairment. The mean HUI-Mark III was 0.24 (0.27, range, -0.28 to 1.00). HUI-Mark III scores were lower (P Mark III scores were lower (P bone ossification, sexual dysfunction, postural hypotension, cardiac problems, and neurological deterioration than low-impact groups. High-impact secondary health conditions are negatively associated with health preference in persons with SCI. Although further work is required, the HUI-Mark III data may be a useful tool for calculating quality-adjusted life years, and advocating for additional resources where secondary health conditions have substantial adverse impact on health.

  13. Epilepsy, school readiness in Canadian children: data from the National Longitudinal Study of Children and Youth (NLSCY).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prasad, Charushree; Corbett, Bradley A; Prasad, Asuri N

    2014-06-01

    Utilizing data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth (NLSCY) we evaluated the association between childhood epilepsy and health impairments on measures of school readiness employed in the survey. Standard scores on the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test-Revised (PPVT-R) were employed in a regression analysis to compare scores in children with and without epilepsy. We also examined the effect of impairments in any of the 8 domains of the Health Utilities index (HUI) on test scores. A total sample size of 39,130 children (20,044 males, and 19,086 female were included in the analysis, 33,560 children were administered the PPVT-R at a mean age of 4.5 years. There were 70 children with epilepsy, 21 had a score of 1 on the HUI, 21 were assessed to have a HUIchildren without epilepsy and HUI score of Children with epilepsy and a HUI score of 1 scored 9.90 points lower (β = -9.902, 95% CI -16.343, -3.461, p=0.003) while those with epilepsy and HUIchildren with epilepsy are at risk of scholastic underachievement at school entry, while those with additional health impairments as measured by the HUI are at greater risk of underachievement. Copyright © 2014 British Epilepsy Association. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  14. Multifunctional Flexible Composites Based on Continuous Carbon Nanotube Fiber

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-07-28

    emitters, solid-phase microextraction and catalysis . Different from graphene- based aerogels (GBAs) and membranes (GBMs), GBFs have demonstrated...nanotube dry-spun yarns, Carbon, 48, 2802–2811, 2010. 22. A. S. Wu and T. -W. Chou. Carbon nanotube fibers for advanced composites, Materials Today , 15...Applied Physics Letters, 100, 201908, 2012. 8. A. S. Wu and T. -W. Chou. Carbon nanotube fibers for advanced composites, Materials Today , 15, 302

  15. Synthesis of spiro[pyrazolo[3,4-b] pyridine-4,3 -indoline] and spiro ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    22 6031. 18. Sharma G V M, Reddy J J, Lakshmi P S and Krishna. P R 2004 Tetrahedron Lett. 45 7729. 19. Wu L Q, Yang X J, Wang X and Yan F L 2010 J. Sulfur. Chem. 31 509. 20. Bigdeli M A, Heravi M M and Mahdavinia G H 2007. Catal. Commun. 8 1595. 21. Sun P L, Fang L Z and Wu L Q 2011 J. Sulfur Chem. 32. 257.

  16. Development of Mouse Models of Ovarian Cancer for Studying Tumor Biology and Testing Novel Molecularly Targeted Therapeutic Strategies

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-01

    Fonseca BD, Sonenberg N. Dissecting the role of mTOR: lessons from mTOR inhibitors. Biochim Biophys Acta 2010;1804:433–9. 22. Chen XG, Liu F, Song XF...FROM THE RESEARCH EFFORT: Kathleen R. Cho (Initiating PI) Yali Zhai (Research Investigator, Cho Laboratory) Rong Wu (Research Assistant Professor...Clin Cancer Res Rong Wu, Tom C. Hu, Alnawaz Rehemtulla, et al. Mouse Model of Ovarian Endometrioid Adenocarcinoma Preclinical Testing of PI3K/AKT

  17. NFAT Signaling and the Tumorigenic Microenvironment of the Prostate

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-10-01

    visible tumors. Interestingly, all double mutants (PCre/+;RT/+;TN/+;Ptenfl/fl) with both PTEN deficiency and NFATc1 activation developed significantly...Wyczalkowski, Kristine Wylie, Kai Ye, Reyka Jayasinghe, Mingchao Xie, Song Wu, Beifang Niu, Robert Grubb III, Kimberly J. Johnson, Hiram Gay , Ken Chen...Wyczalkowski, Kristine Wylie, Kai Ye, Reyka Jayasinghe, Mingchao Xie, Song Wu, Beifang Niu, Robert Grubb III, Kimberly J. Johnson, Hiram Gay , Ken

  18. A Survey of Statistical Machine Translation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-04-01

    which represent links about which annotators were uncertain, in particular “ idiomatic expressions , free translations, and missing function words” (Och...translational equivalence less computationally expensive than FST models (Wu, 1996). Numerous different approaches to SMT can be expressed in the SCFG... express the reordering relationship. A canonical example of this is the so-called inside-outside alignment, which is illustrated in Figure 9. Wu (1995b

  19. Application of Advanced Sensor Technology to DoD Soil Vapor Intrusion Problems

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-01

    from 0.01 to 3.9 µg/m3 (0.002 to 0.71 ppb) with a mean of 0.88 µg/m3 (0.16 ppb) (Wu and Schaum , 2000). TCE air concentrations in urban areas were...from Sorption-based Sensor Arrays to Identify and Quantify the Composition of Analyte Mixtures, Langmuir, 23:13232-13241. Wu, C. and J. Schaum

  20. The efficacy and characteristics of warm-up and re-warm-up practices in soccer players: a systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hammami, Amri; Zois, James; Slimani, Maamer; Russel, Mark; Bouhlel, Ezdine

    2018-01-01

    This review aimed 1) to evaluate the current research that examines the efficacy of warm-up (WU) and re-warm-up (RWU) on physical performance; and 2) to highlight the WU and RWU characteristics that optimise subsequent performance in soccer players. A computerized search was performed in the PubMed, ScienceDirect and Google Scholar (from 1995 to December 2015) for English-language, peer-reviewed investigations using the terms "soccer" OR "football" AND "warm-up" OR "stretching" OR "post-activation potentiation" OR "pre-activity" OR "re-warm-up" AND "performance" OR "jump" OR "sprint" OR "running". Twenty seven articles were retrieved. Particularly, 22 articles examined the effects of WU on soccer performance and 5 articles focused on the effects of RWU. Clear evidence exists supporting the inclusion of dynamic stretching or postactivation potentiation-based exercises within a WU as acute performance enhancements were reported (pooled estimate changes of +3.46% and +4.21%, respectively). The FIFA 11+ WU also significantly increases strength, jump, speed and explosive performances (changes from 1% to 20%). At half-time, active RWU protocols including postactivation potentiation practices and multidirectional speed drills attenuate temperature and performance reductions induced by habitual practice. The data obtained in the present review showed that the level of play did not moderate the effectiveness of WU and RWU on soccer performance. This review demonstrated that a static stretching WU reduced acute subsequent performance, while WU activities that include dynamic stretching, PAP-based exercises, and the FIFA 11+ can elicit positive effects in soccer players. The efficacy of an active RWU during half-time is also justified.

  1. SPECTROSCOPIC PROPRIETIES OF CRYSTALS MF2 (M=Cd, Sr ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    30 juin 2012 ... [1] Ivanov S. P., Buchinskaya I. I. and Fedorov P.P. Distribution coefficients of impurities in Cdamium Fluoride. Inorganic Materials. 2000, 36(4), 484-488. [2] Vladimirov S.V. Characateristics of BaF2 scintillations crystals. Atomic Energy. 2001, 90(1), 55-62. [3] Wu X. and Wu Z. Theoretical calculations of the ...

  2. Quadric Resistive Sheet Profile for Wideband Antennas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Z. Raida

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available A new type of a nonreflecting resistive dipole antenna with quadric continuous resistivity profile is presented in this paper. The antenna is mathematically described and compared with the antenna originally proposed by Wu and King. The verification of a proposed theory and the comparison between Wu-King and quadric profile are carried out by simulation models that were designed for this purpose. The attention is turned to the proper attenuation of a wave excited on the resistive sheet, especially.

  3. Unearthing the Past

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bagger-Petersen, Mai Corlin

    2013-01-01

    Wu Wenguang, considered the father of independent Chinese documentary film, has since 2005 slowly but surely been handing over the camera to people on the margins and to younger generations of Chinese documentary filmmaking. In 2010 Wu and Caochangdi Workstation initiated the Folk Memory Document...... Documentary Project, where young filmmakers go to the countryside to gather and document memories of the Great Famine (1959-1961) from elderly villagers....

  4. The Role of Seat Belt in the Prevention of Fatalities and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    TNHJOURNALPH

    while the leut incidences were reoorded in. 2005 and 2006.The year of peak fatality index was 2005 and the leut wu 2009. The higbut number of death wu recorded in 2008 and tho lowestin2006(figuloe 2). Table 3: Meaa, 8taDdard deviation v.m. of RTA ouMmn• fur Pnl aDd Potlt- tmforaem.entperi.oda. Ple-...oJ!D . 1'111.

  5. Substance abuse and rehabilitation: responding to the global burden of diseases attributable to substance abuse

    OpenAIRE

    Li-Tzy Wu

    2010-01-01

    Li-Tzy Wu*Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University School of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA *Li-Tzy Wu is the Editor-in-Chief of Substance Abuse and RehabilitationAbstract: Alcohol, tobacco, and illegal drug use are pervasive throughout the world. Substance use problems are among the major contributors to the global disease burden, which includes disability and mortality. The benefits of treatment far outweigh the economic costs. Despite the...

  6. Treatment of TBI and Concomitant Hemorrhage with Ghrelin

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-01

    Hemorrhage with Ghrelin PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR: Rongqian Wu CONTRACTING ORGANIZATION: The Feinstein Institute for Medical Research...Concomitant Hemorrhage with Ghrelin 5b. GRANT NUMBER W81XWH-09-1-0400 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) 5d. PROJECT NUMBER Rongqian Wu...concomitantly due to multiple injuries. In this project, we determined the long-term effect of ghrelin , a ‘gut-brain’ hormone, in a highly military

  7. AFOSR BRI: Co-Design of Hardware/Software for Predicting MAV Aerodynamics

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-09-27

    AFRL-AFOSR-VA-TR-2016-0329 AFOSR BRI: Co-Design of Hardware/Software for Predicting MAV Aerodynamics Wu-Chun Feng VIRGINIA POLYTECHNIC INST AND... Aerodynamics FA9550-12-1-0442 BAA-AFOSR-2012-0001 Feng, Wu-Chun VIRGINIA POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE & STATE UNIVERSITY VIRGINIA TECH 1880 PRATT DR STE 2006...unstructured grid motifs found in computational fluid dynamics (CFD) in support of aerodynamic predictions for micro-air vehicles (MAVs). While many

  8. Performance-intensity functions of Mandarin word recognition tests in noise: test dialect and listener language effects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Danzheng; Shi, Lu-Feng

    2013-06-01

    This study established the performance-intensity function for Beijing and Taiwan Mandarin bisyllabic word recognition tests in noise in native speakers of Wu Chinese. Effects of the test dialect and listeners' first language on psychometric variables (i.e., slope and 50%-correct threshold) were analyzed. Thirty-two normal-hearing Wu-speaking adults who used Mandarin since early childhood were compared to 16 native Mandarin-speaking adults. Both Beijing and Taiwan bisyllabic word recognition tests were presented at 8 signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs) in 4-dB steps (-12 dB to +16 dB). At each SNR, a half list (25 words) was presented in speech-spectrum noise to listeners' right ear. The order of the test, SNR, and half list was randomized across listeners. Listeners responded orally and in writing. Overall, the Wu-speaking listeners performed comparably to the Mandarin-speaking listeners on both tests. Compared to the Taiwan test, the Beijing test yielded a significantly lower threshold for both the Mandarin- and Wu-speaking listeners, as well as a significantly steeper slope for the Wu-speaking listeners. Both Mandarin tests can be used to evaluate Wu-speaking listeners. Of the 2, the Taiwan Mandarin test results in more comparable functions across listener groups. Differences in the performance-intensity function between listener groups and between tests indicate a first language and dialectal effect, respectively.

  9. An inductive narrow-pulse RFID telemetry system for gastric slow waves monitoring.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Javan-Khoskholgh, Amir; Abukhalaf, Zaid; Ji Li; Miller, Larry S; Kiani, Mehdi; Farajidavar, Aydin

    2016-08-01

    We present a passive data telemetry system for real-time monitoring of gastric electrical activity of a living subject. The system is composed of three subsystems: an implantable unit (IU), a wearable unit (WU), and a stationary unit (SU). Data communication between the IU and WU is based on a radio-frequency identification (RFID) link operating at 13.56 MHz. Since wireless power transmission and reverse data telemetry system share the same inductive interface, a load shift keying (LSK)-based differential pulse position (DPP) coding data communication with only 6.25% duty cycle is developed to guarantee consistent wireless downlink power transmission and uplink high data transfer rate, simultaneously. The clock and data are encoded into one signal by an MSP430 microcontroller (MCU) at the IU side. This signal is sent to the WU through the inductive link, where decoded by an MSP432 MCU. Finally, the retrieved data at the WU are transmitted to the SU connected to a PC via a 2.4 GHz transceiver for real-time display and analysis. The results of the measurements on the implemented test bench, demonstrate IU-WU 125 kb/s and WU-SU 2 Mb/s data transmission rate with no observed mismatch, while the data stream was randomly generated, and matching between the transmitted data by the IU and received by the SU verified by a custom-made automated software.

  10. Uncertainty of Wheat Water Use: Simulated Patterns and Sensitivity to Temperature and CO2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cammarano, Davide; Roetter, Reimund P.; Asseng, Senthold; Ewert, Frank; Wallach, Daniel; Martre, Pierre; Hatfield, Jerry L.; Jones, James W.; Rosenzweig, Cynthia E.; Ruane, Alex C.; hide

    2016-01-01

    Projected global warming and population growth will reduce future water availability for agriculture. Thus, it is essential to increase the efficiency in using water to ensure crop productivity. Quantifying crop water use (WU; i.e. actual evapotranspiration) is a critical step towards this goal. Here, sixteen wheat simulation models were used to quantify sources of model uncertainty and to estimate the relative changes and variability between models for simulated WU, water use efficiency (WUE, WU per unit of grain dry mass produced), transpiration efficiency (Teff, transpiration per kg of unit of grain yield dry mass produced), grain yield, crop transpiration and soil evaporation at increased temperatures and elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations ([CO2]). The greatest uncertainty in simulating water use, potential evapotranspiration, crop transpiration and soil evaporation was due to differences in how crop transpiration was modelled and accounted for 50 of the total variability among models. The simulation results for the sensitivity to temperature indicated that crop WU will decline with increasing temperature due to reduced growing seasons. The uncertainties in simulated crop WU, and in particularly due to uncertainties in simulating crop transpiration, were greater under conditions of increased temperatures and with high temperatures in combination with elevated atmospheric [CO2] concentrations. Hence the simulation of crop WU, and in particularly crop transpiration under higher temperature, needs to be improved and evaluated with field measurements before models can be used to simulate climate change impacts on future crop water demand.

  11. Physiological and Psychophysical Responses to Listening to Music during Warm-Up and Circuit-Type Resistance Exercise in Strength Trained Men

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamid Arazi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of listening to music during warm-up and resistance exercise on physiological (heart rate and blood pressure and psychophysical (rating of perceived exertion responses in trained athletes. Twelve strength trained male participants performed warm-up and resistance exercise without music (WU+RE without M, warm-up and resistance exercise with music (WU+RE with M, WU with M and RE without M, and WU without M and RE with M, with 48 hours space between sessions. After completing each session, the rating of perceived exertion (RPE was measured. Also, heart rate (HR, systolic (SBP and diastolic blood pressure (DBP, mean arterial pressure (MAP, and rate pressure product (RPP were assessed before, after, and 15, 30, 45, and 60 min after exercise. Results indicated that RPE was higher for WU+RE without M condition in comparison with other conditions. All conditions showed increases in cardiovascular variables after exercise. The responses of HR, SBP, and RPP were higher for WU+RE without M condition. Thus, using music during warm-up and resistance exercise is a legal method for decreasing RPE and cardiovascular responses due to resistance exercise.

  12. Synthesis, X-ray structure, spectroscopic characterization and nonlinear optical properties of triaqua(1,10-phenanthroline-2,9-dicarboxylato)manganese(II) dihydrate: A combined experimental and theoretical study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tamer, Ömer; Avcı, Davut; Atalay, Yusuf; Çoşut, Bünyemin; Zorlu, Yunus; Erkovan, Mustafa; Yerli, Yusuf

    2015-11-01

    The triaqua(1,10-phenanthroline-2,9-dicarboxylato)manganese(II) dihydrate complex was prepared and its crystal structure was determined by using single crystal X-ray diffraction. Its structure was also characterized by the applying of FT-IR, Raman and UV-vis spectroscopies. The manganese(II) ion was located to center of distorted pentagonal-bipyramidal geometry. Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) measurement was carried out on the Mn(II) complex. In order to support experimental results, density functional theory calculations were performed at HSEH1PBE level and LanL2DZ basis set. Obtained results indicated that theoretical results can replace the experimental ones. The relatively active ν(CO) ν(CC) and ν(CN) stretching vibration peaks appeared in IR and Raman spectra of complex 1 which are indicators of charge transfer within complex 1 suggest that complex 1 is a good candidate for nonlinear optical materials. The HOMO and LUMO energies determined that complex 1 is stable and the charge transfer occurs within complex 1.

  13. BN and BN oxide nanosheets based nanosensor for paracetamol adsorption: a first principles simulation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Castro

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The effects that the adsorption of the paracetamol molecule produce on the structural and electronic properties of boron nitride (hBNNs; B27N27H18 and boron nitride oxide (hBNONs; B27N27H17 + O + (OH3 + COOH hexagonal symmetry nanosheets were studied by means of Density Functional Theory. The generalized gradient approximation proposed by Heyd—Scuseria—Ernzerhof ((HSEh1PBE―GGA was used in concert with 6-31G(d basis sets. Several candidate structures, 9 and 13 for the hBNNs―Paracetamol and BNONs―Paracetamol interactions, respectively, were used for the geometry optimization procedure. The results show that in the lowest energy absorption site the paracetamol molecule reaches a parallel orientation to the surface of the nanosheets, producing physisorption for hBNNs―Paracetamol and chemisorption for BNONs―Paracetamol. Besides, the adsorption process yields an increase of the polarity opening the possibility for the solubility and dispersion of these compounds. The paracetamol molecule promotes also a decrease of the reactivity parameter, which is crucial for biological applications of these systems. Referred to pristine hBNNs and BNONs, the work functions of hBNNs-Paracetamol and BNONs―Paracetamol are diminished. That is, these functionalized 2D systems yields appropriate conditions for field emission and they may be used as sensors of such pharmaceutical compound.

  14. Conformational, spectroscopic and nonlinear optical investigations on 1-(4-chlorophenyl)-3-(4-chlorophenyl)-2-propen-1-one: a DFT study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Altürk, Sümeyye; Boukabcha, Nourdine; Benhalima, Nadia; Tamer, Ömer; Chouaih, Abdelkader; Avcı, Davut; Atalay, Yusuf; Hamzaoui, Fodil

    2017-05-01

    The density functional theory calculations on 1-(4-chlorophenyl)-3-(4-chlorophenyl)-2-propen-1-one (CPCPP) are performed by using B3LYP and HSEh1PBE levels. These methods along with 6-311++G(d,p) basis set have been used to determine optimized molecular geometries, vibrational frequencies, electronic absorption wavelengths and bonding features of CPCPP. The solvent effect on the electronic absorption properties of CPCPP is examined at polar (ethanol and water) and nonpolar (toluene and n-hexane) solvents. In order to find the most stable conformers, conformational analysis is carried out by using B3LYP level. The computed small energy gaps between HOMO and LUMO energies show that the charge transfers occur within CPCPP. DFT calculations have been also performed to investigate the dipole moment (μ), mean polarizability (α), anisotropy of polarizability (Δα), first order static hyperpolarizability (β) for CPCPP. The obtained values show that CPCPP is an excellent candidate to nonlinear optical materials. NBO analysis has been used to investigate the bond strengths, molecular stability, hyperconjugative interactions and intramolecular charge transfer (ICT).

  15. Adaptação, estabilidade e potencial produtivo de genótipos de Triticum durum L., irrigados por aspersão, no Estado de São Paulo Adaptability, stability and yield potential of Triticum durum L. genotypes under sprinkler irrigation in the State of São Paulo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Carlos Felicio

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Avaliaram-se 17 linhagens e duas cultivares de Triticum durum L. tendo como testemunha a cultivar IAC 24 de T. aestivum L., em experimentos semeados em condições de irrigação por aspersão nas localidades de Votuporanga, Ribeirão Preto e Mococa, no período de 1998 a 2002, no Estado de São Paulo. Foram determinados os rendimentos de grãos e o comportamento de cada genótipo diante das variações ambientais. Análises de adaptação e estabilidade permitiram a identificação de genótipos com comportamento previsível a essas condições ambientais. Foram observados efeitos significativos para anos, locais e genótipos, destacando-se na média dos três locais quanto ao rendimento de grãos a linhagem de T. durum L. 11 (MEMOS"S"/YAV79/3/ SAPI"S"/TEAL"S"// HUI"S". O melhor rendimento de grãos foi observado em Ribeirão Preto e o pior em Votuporanga. Observou-se nas linhagens 9 e 11 (MEMOS"S"/YAV79/3/SAPI"S"/TEAL"S"//HUI"S, 12 e 19 (GYS"S"/3/ STN"S"// HUI"S"/SOMOS"S" e 3 (STN"S"/3/TEZ"S"/YAV79// HUI"S" adaptabilidade específica, portanto, responsivas ao emprego de alta tecnologia. A incidência da ferrugem-da- folha somente foi constatada na cultivar IAC 24 da espécie de T. aestivum.In order to evaluate Triticum durum L. genotypes having as control the T. aestivum L. cultivar IAC, 24 experiments were carried out, under sprinkler irrigation, at Votuporanga, Ribeirão Preto and Mococa locations, in the period 1998 to 2002, in the State of São Paulo. Grain yield and performance of each genotype in relation to the environment variation were evaluated. Adaptability and stability analysis were made identify genotypes with predictable performance in these environment conditions. Significant effects were observed for years, locations and genotypes. Considering the three locations, Triticum durum inbred line 11 (MEMOS"S"/YAV79/3/ SAPI"S"/TEAL"S"// HUI"S" presented the highest yield. The highest grain yields were observed in Ribeirão Preto and

  16. Écosystèmes microbiens des laits crus : Un trésor et un challenge pour le fromager

    OpenAIRE

    Lortal, Sylvie

    2014-01-01

    Les premières traces de la fabrication de fromages en Europe sont aujourd’hui datées du 6e millénaire avant JC (Salque et al., 2012). Jusqu’à Pasteur à la fin du 19e siècle, tous les fromages sont fabriqués à partir de lait cru. Dans une grande partie du monde, ces pratiques ancestrales demeurent. Aujourd’hui en France, 15% de nos fromages seulement sont encore produits à partir de lait cru et parmi eux plusieurs fleurons de notre gastronomie. Les enzymes clés impliquées dans l...

  17. Mélanges Jacques Caron 1980-2008

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hæftet, udgivet i anledning af Jacques Carons pensionering, indeholder 8 artikler om fransk litteratur, kultur og sprog, efter princippet: Hier encore (franskstudiet førhen), Aujourd'hui (franskstudiet i dag), Des lendemains qui chantent ? (franskstudiet som det ville kunne være).......Hæftet, udgivet i anledning af Jacques Carons pensionering, indeholder 8 artikler om fransk litteratur, kultur og sprog, efter princippet: Hier encore (franskstudiet førhen), Aujourd'hui (franskstudiet i dag), Des lendemains qui chantent ? (franskstudiet som det ville kunne være)....

  18. Program Manager: Journal of the Defense Systems Management College. Volume 16, Number 6, November-December 1987,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-12-01

    STOF’S OUTSIDE UNITED STATES .. .w w .. 4m.. .. g WERE IN NARITA, JAPAN. The new QIng (Ch’ing or Manchu ) Dynas- Kai-shek, establishing the National...which is becoming more EASTERN JIN (TSIN) DYNASTY AND SIXTEEN STATES 317-439 mechanized. Growth of urban areas with EASTERN uN (TSIN)/317-420 new...China’s total area. The Uygurs and Hui live in the northwest: Hui, Mongols FIVE DYNASTIES AND TEN KINGDOM1S PERIOD 907-960 Koreans, and Manchus in the

  19. Description and Analysis of Military Planning Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-07-01

    d’aujourd’hui. Dans ce contexte, le cadre d’opérations centrées reseau récemment proposé offre une perspective unique pour relever les nouveaux défis. Malgré...modulaire et d’aide à la décision adaptée aux exigences d’aujourd’hui. Dans ce contexte, le cadre d’opérations centrées reseau récemment proposé offre...no. 1, pgs. 45-68. 13. Maybury, M.T., Distributed, Collaborative, Knowledge-Based Air Campaign Planning, NATO/AGARD Lecture Series 200 on

  20. Acute and Time-Course Effects of Traditional and Dynamic Warm-Up Routines in Young Elite Junior Tennis Players.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Ayala

    Full Text Available Despite the large number of studies that have examined the acute effects of different warm up modalities (WU on physical performance, none of them have documented the time course of potential performance recovery in tennis players. The aim of this study was twofold: (a to analyze and compare the acute effects of two different WU modalities (traditional WU [TWU] and dynamic WU [DWU] on physical performance (i.e., CMJ, sprint, serve speed and accuracy in elite junior players, as well as (b to monitor the time course of any WU-induced changes after 30 and 60 min of simulated match-play. Twelve junior elite players completed both WUs modalities (TWU and DWU in a counterbalanced order on separate days. In each experimental session, counter movement jump (CMJ, 20-m sprint, tennis serve speed and accuracy tests were performed before (immediately after TWU or DWU during (30 min and after 60 min of a simulated match play. Measures were compared via four factorial (WU intervention and time repeated measures ANOVAs. There were main effects of WU (TWU and DWU throughout the time for all the variables analysed. The results indicate that DWU routine led to significantly faster 20 m sprint times and higher CMJs as well as faster and more accurate tennis serves at both post warm-up and 30 min match-play testing moments in comparison with the scores reported by the TWU routine (p 75-99%. No significant intergroup differences were found at 60-min match-play testing moment in any variable (except for the 20 m sprint. Therefore, the findings of this study recommend for optimal performance in these elite tennis players, DWU routines should be performed prior to formal training and competition rather than TWU routines.

  1. Effects of general, specific and combined warm-up on explosive muscular performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Cristobal Andrade

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to compare the acute effects of general, specific and combined warm-up (WU on explosive performance. Healthy male (n=10 subjects participated in six WU protocols in a crossover randomized study design. Protocols were: passive rest (PR; 15 min of passive rest, running (Run; 5 min of running at 70% of maximum heart rate, stretching (STR; 5 min of static stretching exercise, jumping [Jump; 5 min of jumping exercises – 3x8 countermovement jumps (CMJ and 3x8 drop jumps from 60 cm (DJ60], and combined (COM; protocols Run + STR + Jump combined. Immediately before and after each WU, subjects were assessed for explosive concentric-only (i.e. squat jump – SJ, slow stretch-shortening cycle (i.e. CMJ, fast stretch-shortening cycle (i.e. DJ60 and contact time (CT muscle performance. PR significantly reduced SJ performance (p =0.007. Run increased SJ (p =0.0001 and CMJ (p =0.002. STR increased CMJ (p =0.048. Specific WU (i.e. Jump increased SJ (p =0.001, CMJ (p =0.028 and DJ60 (p =0.006 performance. COM increased CMJ performance (p =0.006. Jump was superior in SJ performance vs. PR (p =0.001. Jump reduced (p =0.03 CT in DJ60. In conclusion, general, specific and combined WU increase slow stretch-shortening cycle (SSC muscle performance, but only specific WU increases fast SSC muscle performance. Therefore, to increase fast SSC performance, specific fast SSC muscle actions must be included during the WU.

  2. Temperature sensitivity (Q10), and dynamics of soil organic matter (SOM) decomposition in permafrost soils with different carbon quality and under experimental warming. R. Bracho1, E.A.G Schuur1, E. Pegoraro1, K.G. Crummer1, S. Natali2, J. Zhou, Y Luo3, J. L. Wu3, M. Tiedje4, K. Konstantinidis5 1Department of Biology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL. 2Woods Hole Research Center, Falmouth, MA. 3Institute for Environmental Genomics and Department of Botany and Microbiology, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK, 4Center for Microbial Ecology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI; 5Center for Bioinformatics and Computational Genomics and School of Biology, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bracho, R. G.; Schuur, E. A.; Pegoraro, E.; Crummer, K. G.; Natali, S.; Zhou, J.; Wu, L.; Luo, Y.; Tiedje, J. M.; Konstantinidis, K.

    2013-12-01

    Permafrost soils contain approximately1700 Pg of carbon (C), twice the amount of C in the atmosphere. Temperatures in higher latitudes are increasing, inducing permafrost thaw and subsequent microbial decomposition of previously frozen C. This process is one of the most likely positive feedbacks to climate change. Understanding the temperature sensitivity (Q10) and dynamics of SOM decomposition under warming is essential to predict the future state of the earth - climate system. Alaskan tundra soils were exposed to two winter warming (WW) seasons in the field, which warmed the soils by 4°C to 40 cm depth. Soils were obtained from three depths (0 - 15, 15 - 25 and 45 - 55 cm) and differed in initial amounts of labile and recalcitrant C. Soils were incubated in the lab under aerobic conditions, at 15 and 25°C over 365 days. Q10 was estimated at 14, 100 & 280 days of incubation (DOI); C fluxes were measured periodically and dynamics of SOM decomposition (C pool sizes and decay rates) were estimated by fitting a two pool C model to cumulative respired C (Ccum, mgC/ginitialC). After two WW seasons, initial C content tended to decrease through the soil profile and C:N ratio was significantly decreased in the top 15 cm. After one year of incubation, Ccum was twice as high at 25°C as at 15°C and significantly decreased with depth. No significant WW field treatment was detected, although Ccum tended to be lower in warmed soils. Labile C accounted for up to 5% of initial soil C content in the top 15 cm and decreased with depth. Soils exposed to WW had smaller labile C pools, and higher labile C decay rates in the top 25 cm. Q10 significantly decreased with time and depth as labile pool decreased, especially for WW. This decrease with time indicates a lower temperature sensitivity of the most recalcitrant C pool. The deepest WW soil layer, where warming was more pronounced, had significantly lower Q10 compared to control soils at the same depth. After two seasons, the warming treatment affected decomposition by reducing labile C pools and increasing its decay rates. Warming also reduced temperature sensitivity, showing acclimation of the most recalcitrant C pool in the tundra ecosystem.

  3. Student Outreach with Renewable Energy Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buffinger, D. R.; Fuller, C. W.; Gordon, E. M.; Kalu, A.; Hepp, Aloysius F. (Technical Monitor)

    2000-01-01

    The Student Outreach with Renewable Energy Technology (SORET) program is an education program involving three Historically Black Colleges and Universities and NASA's John H. Glenn Research Center at Lewis Field. These three universities; Central State University (CSU), Savannah State University (SSU) and Wilberforce University (WU) are working together with NASA Glenn to use the theme of renewable energy to improve the science, engineering and technology education of minority students and to attract minority students to these fields. In this vein, a renewable energy laboratory course is being offered at WU with the goal of giving the students of WU and CSU hands on experiences. As part of this course, the students are constructing solar light posts for a local high school with a high minority population. A Physics teacher from this school and some of his high school students are involved with this project. A lecture course on energy systems and sustainability is being developed by SSU to be delivered via distance reaming to the other institutions. Summer activities are being planned at all three institutions involving student projects in renewable energy. For example, WU students will work on a study of the synthesis and properties of photovoltaic materials. In addition, CSU will present a weeklong summer program to high school students with the assistance of WU. This presentation will focus on the student involvement and achievements in the educational area to date and plot the future course of this program.

  4. Feasibility and reliability of a mailed questionnaire to obtain visual analogue scale valuations for health states defined by the health utilities index mark 3

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Raat, H.; Bonsel, G.J.; Hoogeveen, W.C.; Essink-Bot, M.L.; Gemke, R.J.B.J.; Krabbe, P.F.M.; Moll, H.A.; Suijlekom van-Smit, L.W.A.; Verrips, E.

    2004-01-01

    To establish the generalizability (external validity) of the Health Utilities Index Mark 3 (HUI3) as a single-summary score generic outcome measure in numerous countries/subgroups (including children), repeated studies of community preferences should be performed in various settings. In performing

  5. Laos : tous les projets | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Les chaînes de valeur mondiales, qui constituent aujourd'hui la plus importante part du commerce mondial, se composent de producteurs et d'entreprises qui créent des biens comme entrants destinés à d'autres producteurs. Région: Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, ...

  6. Malaysia : tous les projets | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Les chaînes de valeur mondiales, qui constituent aujourd'hui la plus importante part du commerce mondial, se composent de producteurs et d'entreprises qui créent des biens comme entrants destinés à d'autres producteurs. Région: Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, ...

  7. Association between vitamin D receptor gene polymorphism (TaqI ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Genetics; Volume 94; Issue 3. Association between vitamin D receptor gene polymorphism (TaqI) and obesity in Chinese population. Hui-Ru Fan Li-Qun Lin Hao Ma Ying Li Chang-Hao Sun. Research Note Volume 94 Issue 3 September 2015 pp 473-478 ...

  8. malaysia : tous les projets | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Les chaînes de valeur mondiales, qui constituent aujourd'hui la plus importante part du commerce mondial, se composent de producteurs et d'entreprises qui créent des biens comme entrants destinés à d'autres producteurs. Région: Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, ...

  9. : tous les projets | Page 27 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Les chaînes de valeur mondiales, qui constituent aujourd'hui la plus importante part du commerce mondial, se composent de producteurs et d'entreprises qui créent des biens comme entrants destinés à d'autres producteurs. Région: Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, ...

  10. Philippines : tous les projets | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Les chaînes de valeur mondiales, qui constituent aujourd'hui la plus importante part du commerce mondial, se composent de producteurs et d'entreprises qui créent des biens comme entrants destinés à d'autres producteurs. Région: Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, South East Asia, ...

  11. Challenges in modelling river flow and ice regime on the Ningxia–Inner Mongolia reach of the Yellow River, China

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Fu, C.; Popescu, I.; Wang, C.; Mynett, A.E.; Zhang, F.

    2014-01-01

    During winter the Yellow River in China is frequently subjected to ice flood disasters. Possible dike breaking due to ice floods poses a serious threat to the part of the region located along the river, in particular the Ning–Meng reach (including Ningxia Hui and the Inner Mongolia autonomous

  12. Standby Power Management Architecture for Deep-Submicron Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-05-19

    student. Thanks also to Bob Brodersen, Paul Wright, and David Culler for serving on my dissertation and/or qualifying exam committees. This work was funded...other odd jobs, Jonathan Tsao for the serial port logic, Jacob Poppe for the inital software, Yuen Hui Chee for the clock oscillator, and Huifang Qin

  13. Journal of Earth System Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Earth System Science. Ju Wei. Articles written in Journal of Earth System Science. Volume 125 Issue 5 July 2016 pp 1021-1031. Tectonic stress accumulation in Bohai–Zhangjiakou Seismotectonic Zone based on 3D visco-elastic modelling · Ju Wei Sun Weifeng Ma Xiaojing Jiang Hui.

  14. LINH-cijfers: verkoudheid in de huisartspraktijk.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Linden, M. van der

    2003-01-01

    Hoewel een verkoudheid meestal vanzelf overgaat, gaat tweederde van de verkouden huisartspatiënten met een recept naar huis. Ouderen krijgen vaker een recept dan kinderen. Eenvijfde van die recepten is voor een middel dat de hoestprikkel dempt (codeïne). Haast even vaak schrijft de huisarts een

  15. Favoriser l'entrepreneuriat | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    10 avr. 2014 ... Pour comprendre les entrepreneurs d'aujourd'hui, il suffit de s'en remettre au Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM). Lancé en 1999, le projet GEM constitue la plus longue étude sur l'entrepreneuriat au monde; elle s'appuie sur les travaux de plus de 300 chercheurs dans 99 pays.

  16. Recherche jusqu'ou ira le

    CERN Document Server

    Jacob, F R

    2003-01-01

    Aujourd'hui, la puissance d'une nation s'evalue a son potentiel scientifique. C'est leur predominance en sciences qui a donne aux Etats-Unis leur superiorite dans de nombreux domaines: industriel, agricole, militaire, etc. Cette superiorite a debute a la fin de la seconde guerre mondiale" (2 pages).

  17. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Abdulrahman L. Al-Malki, Elie K. Barbour, E.A. Huwait, Said S. Moselhy, AnasHassan Saeed ALZahrani, Taha A. Kumosani. Vol 12, No 6 (2015), Sijunzi decoction demolition parties inhibit proliferation and induce apoptosis of human gastric cancer BGC-823 side population, Abstract PDF. Jun Qian, Hui Xie, Chenxu Guo, ...

  18. Commemorating a ‘Foreign’ War in a Neutral Country : The Political Insignificance of World War I Memory in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ribbens, Kees

    The recent creation of a First World War museum exhibit at Huis Doorn reflects the increased Dutch attention paid to this war, accompanying the international Centenary efforts, although the neutral Netherlands had not been actively involved in the military events of wwi. This initiative, on a small

  19. Studies on the preparation and the photoelectrochemical properties ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science; Volume 38; Issue 4. Studies on the preparation and the photoelectrochemical properties of the nanoporous titania films attached with and without photosensitizer TCPP. Yun-Lan Gong Fei-Hui Li Fei Lu Chang Dai. Volume 38 Issue 4 August 2015 pp 847-856 ...

  20. 11 Caractérisation du matériau bois de structures utilisé en ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    PR BOKO

    suscite beaucoup plus encore aujourd'hui l'objet de nombreuses recherches scientifiques, notamment sur l'étude et la tenue de comportement mécanique des ...... [13] - Lebatteux, M. 1997, Durée de vie de poutres en bois reconstitué soumises à un environnement climatique naturel. Thèse de l'Université Bordeaux I.

  1. What can we learn from high precision measurements of neutrino ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    mail: rmohapat@physics.umd.edu. Abstract. Many experiments are being planned to ..... τ ), (Hd,1,Hd,2) transform into each other under S2 symmetry and Hu,i. (i = 1, 2, 3) and the rest of the fields transform as singlets. Under Z4, we assign.

  2. Adsorption separation of 3β-D-monoglucuronyl-18β- glycyrrhetinic ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    STORAGESEVER

    2008-11-19

    Nov 19, 2008 ... glycyrrhetinic acid from directional biotransformation products of glycyrrhizin. Dingqiang Lu1, 2*, Shumin Zhang1, Jun Wang1, Hui Li1 and Yan Dai1. 1College of Life Science and Pharmaceutical Engineering, Nanjing University of Technology, Nanjing 210009, P.R.. China. 2Jiangsu Provincial Institute of ...

  3. Health-related quality of life before and after management in adults referred to otolaryngology: rospective national study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swan, IRC; Guy, FH; Akeroyd, MA

    2012-01-01

    Objective An assessment of the effect of otolaryngological management on the health-related quality of life of patients. Design Application of the Health Utilities Index mark 3 (HUI-3) before and after treatment; application of the Glasgow Benefit Inventory (GBI) after treatment. Setting Six otolaryngological departments around Scotland. Participants A 9005 adult patients referred to outpatient clinics. Main outcome measures Complete HUI-3 data was collected from 4422 patients; complete GBI data from 4235; complete HUI-3 and GBI data from 3884. Results The overall change in health related quality of life from before to after management was just +0.02. In the majority of subgroups of data (classified by type of management) there was essentially no change in HUI-3 score. The major exceptions were those patients provided with a hearing aid (mean change 0.08) and those whose problem was managed surgically (mean change 0.04). The mean GBI score was 5.3 which is low. Those managed surgically reported a higher GBI score of 13.0. Conclusion We found that patients treated surgically or given a hearing aid reported a significant improvement in their health related quality of life after treatment in otolaryngology departments. In general, patients treated in other ways reported no significant improvement. We argue that future research should look carefully at patient groups where there is unexpectedly little benefit from current treatment methods and consider more effective methods of management. PMID:22212609

  4. Caféiculture : il faut veiller au grain | IDRC - International ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Aujourd'hui, quelque 800 000 producteurs de plus de 45 pays travaillent en fonction des normes du porte étendard du mouvement : la Fairtrade Labelling Organizations International (FLO). Jason Potts de l'Institut international du développement durable (IIDD) à Winnipeg, Canada, déclare : « L'un des progrès les plus ...

  5. Is Best-Worst Scaling Suitable for Health State Valuation? A Comparison with Discrete Choice Experiments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krucien, Nicolas; Watson, Verity; Ryan, Mandy

    2016-12-04

    Health utility indices (HUIs) are widely used in economic evaluation. The best-worst scaling (BWS) method is being used to value dimensions of HUIs. However, little is known about the properties of this method. This paper investigates the validity of the BWS method to develop HUI, comparing it to another ordinal valuation method, the discrete choice experiment (DCE). Using a parametric approach, we find a low level of concordance between the two methods, with evidence of preference reversals. BWS responses are subject to decision biases, with significant effects on individuals' preferences. Non parametric tests indicate that BWS data has lower stability, monotonicity and continuity compared to DCE data, suggesting that the BWS provides lower quality data. As a consequence, for both theoretical and technical reasons, practitioners should be cautious both about using the BWS method to measure health-related preferences, and using HUI based on BWS data. Given existing evidence, it seems that the DCE method is a better method, at least because its limitations (and measurement properties) have been extensively researched. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  6. Moderniteit en suburbaniteit in de nieuwe stad: Almere, Cergy-Pontoise, Milton Keynes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nio, I.H.L.

    2016-01-01

    De nieuwe steden Almere, Cergy-Pontoise en Milton Keynes zijn het resultaat van pogingen om een vorm van stedelijkheid te creëren die de aantrekkelijkheid van het stedelijke en suburbane wonen combineert. De combinatie van buiten wonen in een eigen huis met een tuin nabij stedelijke voorzieningen

  7. Scattering Tools for Nanostructure Phonon Engineering

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-25

    approved for public release. AIR FORCE RESEARCH LABORATORY AF OFFICE OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH (AFOSR)/RSA ARLINGTON, VIRGINIA 22203 AIR FORCE MATERIEL...Stroscio, Phys. Rev. B 51, 9930 (1995). 31 J.A. Rogers, M.G. Lagally, and R.G. Nuzzo, Nature 477, 45 (2011). 32 E. Iwase, P.-C. Hui, D. Woolf , A.W

  8. Interview with Prof. Soeren M Bentzen (with english subtitles)

    CERN Multimedia

    Antonella del Rosso

    2012-01-01

    Interview with Prof. Soeren M Benzen, University of Wisconsin, Madison, on the role of physics biology and genomics in cancer treatment today. Interview avec le prof. Soeren Benzen, Université de Wisconsin, Madison, sur le role de la physique, la biologie et la genomique dans le traitement du cancer aujourd'hui.

  9. ÉTUDE DE CAS – Kenya : Paludisme et agriculture au Kenya ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    . L'apparition du paludisme, croit-on, concorde avec les débuts de l'agriculture, il y a environ 7 000 ans. Aujourd'hui, un projet financé par le Centre de recherches pour le développement international (CRDI) envisage sous ...

  10. Ratio of the Core to the Extended Emissions in the Comoving Frame ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy; Volume 38; Issue 2. Ratio of the Core to the Extended Emissions in the Comoving Frame for Blazars. Yun-Tian Li Shao-Yu Fu Huan-Jian Feng Si-Le He Chao Lin Jun-Hui Fan Denise Costantin Yu-Tao Zhang. Research Article Volume 38 Issue 2 June 2017 Article ID ...

  11. Miscellaneous information

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    NN,

    1969-01-01

    Taiwan herbaceous flora (see Fl.Mal.Bull. 22, p. 1562). In 1968 Prof. Hui-Lin Li spent a considerable time in Taiwan discussing this project with Taiwan botanists and authorities. An agreement was finally reached among those who are to be actively participating and a plan of procedure and a budget

  12. Investigation on the Development of Preschool Education Informationization of Ethnic Region in Gansu, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Yanhua

    2015-01-01

    This paper investigates the informationization situation of preschool education taking Linxia City in Gansu province. The analysis was conducted by the mean of questionnaire survey and individual interview which was collected in July 2013 in seven ethnic counties in Hui autonomous prefecture of Linxia. As a typical ethnic region, Linxia can…

  13. Waste Not, Want Not: Lactate Oxidation Fuels the TCA Cycle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martínez-Reyes, Inmaculada; Chandel, Navdeep S

    2017-12-05

    Previous studies have demonstrated that mitochondrial respiration is essential for tumorigenesis. Hui et al. (2017) and Faubert et al. (2017) demonstrate that lactate, traditionally viewed as a waste product of anaerobic and aerobic glycolysis, is a major carbon source to fuel the mitochondrial TCA cycle in normal tissue and in tumors. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. Fatal Indifference : The G8, Africa, and Global Health | CRDI - Centre ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Le G8 (Allemagne, Angleterre, Canada, États-Unis, France, Italie, Japon, Russie et Union européenne) est aujourd'hui le principal vecteur politique de la mondialisation. Il est également la force politique qui soutient le plus fermement les institutions multilatérales façonnant la gouvernance économique mondiale.

  15. The Journal of Food Technology in Africa 1 03 Biology of the African ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Biology of the African Sweetpotato Weevil Species Cylas Puncticollis (Boheman) and C. Brunneus. (Fabricius) (Coleoptera: Apionidae). N. E. J. Smit and A. Van Huis lntemational Potato Centre (CIP), Uganda Office, P. O. Box 7878, Kampala, Uganda; Department of Entomology, Wageningen. Agricultural University, P. O. ...

  16. Palmyra Atoll - Corallimorph Control and Eradication 2013

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This is an ongoing project with many stages. The first stage included the removal of the Hui Feng No. 1 ship wreck, and that is currently under way and will be...

  17. Une situation bénéfique à tous : davantage de recherches réalisées ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    6 avr. 2009 ... 3 hommes qui travaillent sur le projet Zipline uses drone technology au Rwanda. Photo : Sarah Farhat / Banque mondiale. Les changements climatiques, la crise financière, le sida et le SRAS le démontrent clairement : aujourd'hui, de nombreux problèmes ne connaissent pas de frontières. Ils représentent ...

  18. Favoriser l'entrepreneuriat | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Pour comprendre les entrepreneurs d'aujourd'hui, il suffit de s'en remettre au Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM). Lancé en 1999, le projet GEM constitue la plus longue étude sur l'entrepreneuriat au monde; elle s'appuie sur les travaux de plus de 300 chercheurs dans 99 pays.

  19. Journal of Chemical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Synthesis and bio-catalytic activity of isostructural cobalt(III)-phenanthroline complexes · Dhananjay Dey Arnab Basu Roy Anandan Ranjani Loganathan Gayathri Saravanan Chandraleka Dharumadurai Dhanasekaran Mohammad Abdulkader Akbarsha Chung-Yu Shen Hui-Lien Tsai Milan Maji Niranjan Kole Bhaskar ...

  20. Impact of new synthesized analogues of dehydroacetic acid on ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Administrator

    2011-09-12

    Sep 12, 2011 ... 1*, Andrea Skelin2, Sanja Sikora2, Frane Delaš1, Mirna Mrkonjić-Fuka2,. Katarina Huić-Babić. 2 and Mihaela Blažinkov2. 1Faculty of Food Technology and Biotechnology, Department of Biochemical Engineering, Laboratory for General and. Food Microbiology, University of Zagreb, Pierotti street 6, 10000 ...

  1. CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le développement international |

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Lire leurs observations. Nos experts font part de leurs réflexions sur les questions et les approches sur lesquelles se penchent les acteurs du développement international aujourd'hui, ainsi que sur le rôle de la recherche dans la mise au point de solutions. Image. Perspectives ...

  2. A Visual Method of Time Scale Determination using a PC for Radio ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    A Visual Method of Time Scale Determination using a PC for Radio Sources. Yong Huang1,2,∗. , Jun-Hui Fan2,3 & Jing Pan2,3. 1School of Computer Science & Educational Software, Guangzhou University,. Guangzhou, China. 2Astronomy Science and Technology Research Laboratory of Department of Education.

  3. Stabilizing Protein Effects on the Pressure Sensitivity of Fluorescent Gold Nanoclusters

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-13

    Qi-Wei Li, Shui -Hong Li, Wei Ge, Xiao Chen, Hui Jiang, Xue-Mei Wang. Novel in situ biosynthesized fluorescent zinc nanoclusters for specific...synthesis and biological applications. Nano Today. 2011;6:401–418. 17. Wen F, Dong YH, Feng L, Wang S, Zhang SC, Zhang XR. Horseradish peroxidase

  4. The Influence of Islam in Turkey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-03-01

    Ataturk’s reforms to Islamic reaction. 61Sabine Dirks, Islam et jeunesse en Turquie d’Aujourd’hui (Paris: Librarie Honre Champion, 1977), p. 132 n...Edinburgh: Univer- sity Press, 1964. Dirks, Sabine, Islam et jeunesse en Turquie d’Aujourd’huj, Paris: Librarie Honre Champion, 1977. Eren, Nuri

  5. Cyber Dhaba

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva. Audiovisual Unit

    2002-01-01

    Il y a deux ans, l'association Otient Yourself installait un PC connacte sous un banyan sacre, dans un village agricole du Rajasthan (Inde du Nord). Aujourd'hui, quelles evolutions pour les villageois et leurs voisins, quel avenir pour ce modele, quelles questions pour le futur?

  6. Effects of 90-day feeding of transgenic Bt rice TT51 on the reproductive system in male rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Er Hui; Yu, Zhou; Hu, Jing; Xu, Hai Bin

    2013-12-01

    Rice is a staple food crop; however, the threat of pests leads to a serious decline in its output and quality. The CryAb/CryAc gene, encodes a synthetic fusion Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) crystal protein, was introduced into rice MingHui63 to produce insect-resistant rice TT51. This study was undertaken to investigate potential unintended effects of TT51 on the reproductive system in male rats. Male rats were treated with diets containing 60% of either TT51 or MingHui63 by weight, nutritionally balanced to an AIN93G diet, for 90days. An additional negative control group of rats were fed with a rice-based AIN93G diet. Body weights, food intake, hematology, serum chemistry, serum hormone levels, sperm parameters and relative organ/body weights were measured, and gross as well as microscopic pathology were examined. No diet-related significant differences in the values of response variables were observed between rats that were fed with diet containing transgenic TT51, MingHui63 and the control in this 90-day feeding study. In addition, necropsy and histopathology examination indicated no treatment-related changes. The results from the present study indicated that TT51 does not appear to exert any effect on the reproductive system in male rats compared with MingHui63 or the control. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  7. : tous les projets | Page 26 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    ... qui constituent aujourd'hui la plus importante part du commerce mondial, se composent de producteurs et d'entreprises qui créent des biens comme entrants destinés à d'autres producteurs. Région: Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Viet Nam, South Asia, ...

  8. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION Efficient click reaction towards ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    sudarshana

    SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION. Efficient click reaction towards novel sulfonamide hybrids by molecular hybridization strategy as antiproliferative agents. DONG-JUN FU,a. YU-HUI HOU,a. SAI-YANG ZHANGb* and YAN-BING. ZHANGa*. aNew Drug Research & Development Center, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences,.

  9. L'ESO au temps du CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    Schaeffer, A

    2012-01-01

    L’Observatoire européen austral (ESO) fête aujourd’hui ses 50 ans. Retour sur l’histoire d’un des plus grands laboratoires européens, qui fut soutenu et accompagné par le CERN dès ses premières heures.

  10. Physical, Chemical and Biological Data, CLIMAX I Expedition, 19 September-28 September 1968.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1974-09-01

    Dr. Giles W. Mead Dr. Robert G. Paquette Estacion de Biologia Marina Museum of Comparative Zoology Dept. of Oceanography Instituto Technologico de...Street Dr. Yuan-Hui Li Durban, Natal, South Africa Biblioteca Hoffman Laboratory Unidad de Ciencias Marinas Harvard University Library, Research

  11. Journal of Genetics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Volume 95 Issue 3 September 2016 pp 515-526 RESEARCH ARTICLE. Genomewide analysis of the lateral organ boundaries domain gene family in Vitis vinifera · HUI CAO CAI-YUN LIU HUN-XIANG LIU YUE-LING ZHAO RUI-RUI XU · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. In plants, the transcription factor families have been ...

  12. OO() VA~ GE~ER,L\\AL [)E LA

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    van De la. Rey gebring word. Hiermee saamhangende val die waarskuwing wat die Minister van. Justisie aan De la Rey gerig het. Hy was pad na sy huis toe, toe die noodlottige skoot gevuur is. Die vraag wat egter onbeantwoord bly, was wat De la Dey en Beyers die nag van die. 15de in die Potchefstroomse kamp wou ...

  13. Waar blijven de vragen voor de genomica

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rotgers, G.; Smits, M.A.

    2008-01-01

    "Hoewel de genomica veel potentie in huis heeft is de veehouderij zich daarvan nog onvoldoende bewust. Zij weet nog te weinig welke mogelijkheden de genomica haar te bieden heeft." aldus Mari Smits, hoogleraar diergenomica bij ASG, in een gesprek over wetenschappelijke vorderingen op dit gebied

  14. Temperature-induced control over phase selection among ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    WINTEC

    alkali such as NaOH (Hui et al 1995). The resultant hy- droxide is usually in a highly disordered state. The disorder manifests itself in the non-uniform broadening of reflections observed in the powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD) patterns of the material (Barnard et al 1981; Delmas and Tessier. 1997; Rajamathi et al 2000).

  15. Opinion: Parvenir à une réelle égalité entre les sexes en ce qui ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    14 nov. 2016 ... La Terre compte aujourd'hui le plus grand nombre de jeunes (entre 10 et 24 ans) de tous les temps. Malheureusement, la réalité sociale, économique et environnementale place ces 1,2 million d'adolescents parmi les personnes les plus marginalisées et exclues au monde.

  16. Un partenariat en faveur de la responsabilisation | CRDI - Centre de ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    25 janv. 2011 ... L'organisme One World Trust est issu d'un groupe consultatif multipartite que le Parlement britannique avait créé en 1951 dans le but de sensibiliser les politiciens et la population aux questions de gouvernance mondiale. Toujours fidèle à sa mission d'origine, One World Trust effectue aujourd'hui des ...

  17. Le dilemme urbain : comment rendre les villes plus sûres | IDRC ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Plus de la moitié de la population mondiale — quelque 3,4 milliards de personnes — habite aujourd'hui dans des milieux urbains. Bon nombre de villes en forte croissance connaissent aussi une hausse marquée de la violence. Cependant, on sait peu de choses sur les causes de la violence urbaine, plus particulièrement ...

  18. Reference: 197 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available bidopsis thaliana CAX2 cation transporter. 6 959-71 15821993 2004 Dec Plant molecular biology Cheng Ning-Hui|Hirschi Kendal D|Marshall Joy L|Morris Jay L|Pittman Jon K|Shigaki Toshiro

  19. La recriture 1 des mythes bibliques dans les recits de Marek Halter ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    . Aujourd'hui encore les personnages de la Bible deviennent des personnages de romans. Avec le Brésilien Paulo Coelho et le Polonais naturalisé Français, Marek Halter réinterprètent la Bible à l'aube du XXIè siècle dans l'espace littéraire.

  20. Fatal Indifference : The G8, Africa, and Global Health | IDRC ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Le G8 (Allemagne, Angleterre, Canada, États-Unis, France, Italie, Japon, Russie et Union européenne) est aujourd'hui le principal vecteur politique de la mondialisation. Il est également la force politique qui soutient le plus fermement les institutions multilatérales façonnant la gouvernance économique mondiale.

  1. Maer denckt meer dan gij leest, en leest meer dan er staet: tegendraadse elementen in het werk van Geertruida Toussaint

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Doornbos, A.V.

    2011-01-01

    Steeds minder lezers weten Geertruida Bosboom-Toussaint (1812-1886) te plaatsen als belangrijke vrouwelijke auteur uit de negentiende eeuw.. Haar romans, met name Het Huis Lauernesse en Majoor Frans, werden ooit gelezen op school. Tegenwoordig wordt ze niet of nauwelijks meer genoemd in de

  2. Intertekstualiteit en modernistiese kompleksiteit in Henriette Grové ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nee wat, Jan, die wêreld was darem veel meer romanties… (63). En op 10 Oktober van omstreeks 1919, skryf die jong onderwyseres Anne Shirley wat haar verloofde, Gilbert Blythe, 'n mediese student, normaalweg aanspreek as “Gilbert. Dear” of “Dearest” vanaf die huis Windy Willows op Prince Edward Island in Kanada: ...

  3. Travelling wave-like solutions of the Zakharov–Kuznetsov equation ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2015-11-27

    Nov 27, 2015 ... Author Affiliations. Yan-Ze Peng1 E V Krishnan2 Hui Feng1. School of Mathematics and Statistics, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, People's Republic of China; Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Sultan Qaboos University, P.O. Box 36, Al-Khod 123, Muscat, Sultanate of Oman ...

  4. Services climatiques pour l'adaptation au changement climatique

    OpenAIRE

    Romain, Cavelier; Corine, Borel; Le Cozannet, Gonéri; Daniel, Ritti; Morin, Dominique; Marc, Chaussade; Véronique, Charreyron

    2016-01-01

    National audience; Le changement climatique constitue une problématique majeure perceptible dès aujourd'hui ; la société et l'ensemble de ses acteurs peuvent percevoir la nécessité de l'adaptation à cette nouvelle situation.

  5. Créer de meilleurs emplois dans les pays de l'ANASE | CRDI ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    30 juil. 2015 ... L'ANASE (Association des Nations de l'Asie du Sud-Est) regroupe certaines des économies les plus dynamiques d'aujourd'hui. À l'exception de la Thaïlande, tous délaissent l'héritage d'un régime autoritaire.

  6. DVD-d. Shrek Kolmas; Ma olen legend / Andres Laasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laasik, Andres, 1960-2016

    2008-01-01

    Lühiarvustused USA 2007.a. filmidele : animafilm "Shrek Kolmas" ("Shrek the Third", režissöörid Chris Miller, Raman Hui) ja ulmefilm "Ma olen legend" ("I Am Legend"; režissöör Francis Lawrence)

  7. AcEST: BP921762 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available L. Madden, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb Miller, and David J. Lipman (1997), Gappe...8] Reference: Altschul, Stephen F., Thomas L. Madden, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jing...hui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb Miller, and David J. Lipman (1997), Gapped BLAST and PSI-BLAST: a new generatio

  8. Het Boschstraatkwartier-Oost circa 1900: wonen en werken onder de rook van Sphinx

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Drs. Thijs van Vugt

    2006-01-01

    De italiaanse historicus Gribaudi heeft enkele generaties arbeiders in Turijn in de eerste helft van de twintigste eeuw onderzocht. Hij analyseert onder andere de herkomst (terug tot het platteland) en verdere ontwikkeling van 48 families die in 1936 een huis bewonen in de arbeidersbuurt Madonna de

  9. ICU Multipoint Military Pacific Consultation using Telehealth (IMMPACT)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-01

    Technology Hui • Negotiates contracts, grants, or cooperative agreements U.S. Army Medica l w it h awardees Research f------1• Ensures compliance...lessons learned and questions for further research can be formulated . Clinical providers at both the remote locations and TAMC accepted the system as a

  10. Optimal Locations for New Casara Units

    Science.gov (United States)

    1996-04-01

    du commandement aerien a Otawa demanda au DRO(A) de faire une mise a jour de l’etude et de determiner oft de nouvelles unites CASARA pourraient etre...a l’etude de 1976 pour evaluer la demande de service RES et les regions couvertes par !’organisation CASARA d’aujourd’hui. La superficie

  11. Livres | Page 26 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Le G8 (Allemagne, Angleterre, Canada, États-Unis, France, Italie, Japon, Russie et Union européenne) est aujourd'hui le principal vecteur politique de la mondialisation. Author(s): Ronald Labonte, Ted Schrecker, David Sanders et Wilma Meeus. Publisher(s): University of Cape Town Press, CRDI. ISBN: 1919713840.

  12. Santé | Page 2 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Obesity is a risk factor for many NCDs, including stroke, heart disease, hypertension, diabetes, and cancer. Read more about Addressing obesity in South Africa through taxation. Langue English. La Terre compte aujourd'hui le plus grand nombre de jeunes (entre 10 et 24 ans) de tous les temps. Malheureusement, la réalité ...

  13. Les origines de l'alchimie

    CERN Document Server

    Berthelot, Marcellin

    2015-01-01

    Extrait :""Le monde est aujourd'hui sans mystère : la conception rationnelle prétend tout éclairer et tout comprendre ; elle s'efforce de donner de toute chose une explication positive et logique, et elle étend son déterminisme jusqu'au monde moral...""

  14. In Pursuit of Islamic "Authenticity": Localizing Muslim Identity on China's Peripheries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lesley Turnbull

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available In this ethnographic sketch, I analyze the complex processes of Sino-Islamic identity formation by examining the variety and diversity of locally produced “authenticity,” situated within a global understanding of Islam. Even within a single province, among a single official minzu (nationality that People’s Republic of China propaganda, media, and scholarship often construct as a unified, static group, localized practices and processes of identity formation are remarkably diverse. This article investigates how trans/national discourses and practices of Islamic authenticity are localized within two specific field sites: the provincial capital of Kunming and the rural Muslim enclave of Shadian. For the purposes of this article, I focus primarily on how life is temporally and spatially structured, both in everyday practice and in imaginings of one’s place in history, modernity, the Muslim world, and the Chinese state. By setting out details of the daily lives of two Hui Muslim women, I aim to elucidate how temporal and spatial structures of life, which are tied to urban or rural location, reflect and shape local identity formation. I argue that as actors involved in their own self-production, Hui Muslims in Kunming and Shadian negotiated, appropriated, and contested both monolithic notions of Islam and the official state-propagated minzu classificatory system, producing their own versions of authentic Hui Muslim identities. What constituted authentic Hui Muslim identity depended to a great extent on the residence of the individual.

  15. Over enkele teekininge, die eens Dodonaeus toebehoord hebben, waarbij de eerste Koningsvisch (Lampris luna) van de Europeesche Kusten

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Engel, H.

    1945-01-01

    Professor I. Q. van Regteren Altena was zoo vriendelijk mij een aantal teekeningen ter beschikking te stellen, die eens aan het huis Plantijn moeten toebehoord hebben. Immers, sommige daarvan hebben gediend als voorbeeld voor houtsneden in den Herbarius von Dodonaeus van 1618, gedrukt „t'Antwerpen

  16. Arachis hypogaea L.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SARAH

    2017-09-04

    Sep 4, 2017 ... different origins have a higher probability to (Hui W. et al., 2015) produce superior progeny with those of similar ancestry, but it has become increasingly difficult to find high-yielding genotypes that do not have the common descent. In earlier research on heredity, according to Alam M. K. et al., 2013, all the.

  17. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Biswal Tapas Kumar, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai. Boese Maren, California .... Mauget Steven A, Plant Stress and Water Conservation Lab, USDA-ARS, Lubbock, United States. Mazumder Aninda, National .... Shang Jiali, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Ottawa, Canada. Shao Hui, Developmental ...

  18. Microbial synthesis of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-4- hydroxybutyrate ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    STORAGESEVER

    2009-09-01

    Sep 1, 2009 ... Microbial synthesis of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-4- hydroxybutyrate) copolymer by Cupriavidus sp. USMAA2-4 through a two step cultivation process. Hui-Ling Chai1, Rahayu Ahmad1, A. R. M. Yahya1, M. I. A. Majid2 and A. A. Amirul1,2*. 1School of Biological Sciences, University Sains Malaysia, 11800 ...

  19. Vers des modèles de services juridiques de base viables et pouvant ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    fdieudonne

    état de droit, selon laquelle « les exemples d'impacts significatifs, positifs et durables sont rares », demeure vraie aujourd'hui7. Dans ce contexte, une récente étude financée par les Open Society Foundations et par le Centre de.

  20. [Gao Jingyi. Han yu yu bei Ou yu yan : Han yu yu Wula'er yu yan ji Yin Ou yu yan tong yuan tan jiu] / Ago Künnap

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Künnap, Ago, 1941-

    2010-01-01

    Arvustus: Gao Jingyi. Han yu yu bei Ou yu yan : Han yu yu Wula'er yu yan ji Yin Ou yu yan tong yuan tan jiu = Chinese language and languages of northern Europe. Beijing : Zhongguo she hui ke xue chu ban she, 2008

  1. n gemakliker oorsigtelikheid, sa! ons, anders as in die vorige af!ewerin

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Test

    Markus (Serie: Kommentaar op het Nieuwe Testament). Amsterdam. 1928 ad loc. ") F. HAUCK, Das Evangelium des Markus (Theologischer Handkommentar .... van Levi. Ons het vantevore daarop gewys dat Lukas blykbaar nie bewus was van die feit dat Jesus 'n eie huis in Kapernaum gehad het nie en Markus in die ...

  2. Secundaire bacteriële infecties van kweekvis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Haenen, O.L.M.; Engelsma, M.Y.

    2009-01-01

    Vis kan door allerlei primaire ziekteverwekkende bacteriën ziek worden, zoals Edwardsiella tarda. Er zijn daarnaast facultatief ziekmakende bacteriën, dia als secundaire ziekteverwekkers worden gezien. In dit artikel een kijkje in de wereld van deze huis-, tuin- en keukenbacteriën, die vis onder

  3. Reference: 53 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 53 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u14521841i Hunter Christine... heterochronic gene ZIPPY is an ARGONAUTE family member. 19 1734-9 14521841 2003 Sep Current biology Hunter Christine|Poethig R Scott|Sun Hui

  4. Reference: 144 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available gulates lateral root development in Arabidopsis. 6 996-1006 15584963 2004 Dec The Plant journal Chakrabarty Pranjib K|Nodzon Lisa A|Pi Li-Ya|Song Wen-Yuan|Wang Yongsheng|Xu Wei-Hui

  5. A theoretical study of the carbenoids LiCH 2 X (X= Cl, Br, I ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. Xing Hui Zhang1 Fu Long Zhang1 Zhi Yuan Geng2. College of Chemical Engineering, Gansu Lianhe University, Lanzhou 730010, P.R. China; College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou 730070, P.R. China ...

  6. A study of a rare chromosomal disorder: mosaic 46,XX,del(18)(p11.2 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Dan Peng, Pan-Pan Long, Bo Wen and Rong-Hui Yu. J. Genet. 92, 611–615. Figure 1. Patient's craniofacial features: round and expression- less face, flat and broad nasal bridge, large and floppy ears, bushy eyebrows and with a short neck. Journal of Genetics, Vol. 92, No. 3, December 2013.

  7. Gestion des déchets d'équipements électriques et électroniques ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DEEE) est un défi pour le. Sénégal. Leur quantité augmente rapidement et leur gestion informelle expose l'environnement et les acteurs aux risques liés aux substances toxiques qu'ils contiennent. ... électroniques sont aujourd'hui des outils de.

  8. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Khaled M. Ghanem, Fahad A. Al-Fassi, Nuha M. Al-Hazmi. Vol 11, No 33 (2012), Optimization of cholesterol oxidase production by Brevibacterium sp. employing response surface methodology, Abstract PDF. Shengli Yang, Hui Zhang. 7751 - 7800 of 11090 Items, >> ...

  9. High utility-itemset mining and privacy-preserving utility mining

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jerry Chun-Wei Lin

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available In recent decades, high-utility itemset mining (HUIM has emerging a critical research topic since the quantity and profit factors are both concerned to mine the high-utility itemsets (HUIs. Generally, data mining is commonly used to discover interesting and useful knowledge from massive data. It may, however, lead to privacy threats if private or secure information (e.g., HUIs are published in the public place or misused. In this paper, we focus on the issues of HUIM and privacy-preserving utility mining (PPUM, and present two evolutionary algorithms to respectively mine HUIs and hide the sensitive high-utility itemsets in PPUM. Extensive experiments showed that the two proposed models for the applications of HUIM and PPUM can not only generate the high quality profitable itemsets according to the user-specified minimum utility threshold, but also enable the capability of privacy preserving for private or secure information (e.g., HUIs in real-word applications.

  10. Wat je ziet, ben je zelf. Big Brother: lust, leven en lijden voor de camera

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    H.J.G. Beunders (Henri)

    2000-01-01

    textabstractHenri Beunders, hoogleraar aan de Erasmus Universiteit te Rotterdam, is van huis uit historicus en heeft zich gespecialiseerd in de geschiedenis van de media. In dit razendsnel geschreven en geproduceerde boek geeft hij een evaluatie van het tv-programma Big Brother. Hij heeft uit de

  11. 98 - 104 TJ - Accepted paid

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DR. AMIN

    As a result of complexity of ecosystem, ecosystem models typically simplify the systems to a limited number of pragmatic components. These can be in form of .... regional abundance estimation (Hui et al., 2009). Intra- and Interspecific occupancy- abundance relationships are important in the following ways: 1. Setting ...

  12. Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research - Vol 16, No 3 (2017)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Therapeutic effects of Saikosapoin D on bleomycininduced pulmonary fibrosis in mice via regulation of IL- 33/ST2 pathway · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. Jiao Xu, Xiao-hui Miao, Jin-xu Zheng, Ming Ding, Zhi-fang Zhuang, 581-588.

  13. Modulatory Effect of Morinda lucida Aqueous Stem Bark Extract on

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dr Olaleye

    through the processes of gluconeogenesis and/or glycogenolysis (Hui et al., 2009; Wang et al., 2013; Fuller and. Stephens, 2015). The fact that MLASE effectively controlled fasting hyperglycemia and dyslipidemia in the alloxanized diabetic rats strongly suggest that MLASE could be mediating its antidiabetic effect through ...

  14. Cultures et organisations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hofstede, G.; Hofstede, G.J.; Minkov, M.

    2010-01-01

    La coopération interculturelle, une question de survie Véritable atlas des valeurs culturelles, paru en 18 langues, Cultures et organisations est le fruit de plus de 40 ans de recherches menées dans plus de 100 pays. Il est aujourd'hui le livre de référence des chercheurs, universitaires et

  15. L'interpellation dans les Arts de la rue

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Chaudoir, Philippe

    1997-01-01

    RésuméLes événements festifs appelés aujourd'hui Arts de la rue s'inscrivent essentiellement dans le contexte d'une crise urbaine, sociale et politique et y puisent largement leurs logiques d'action...

  16. At Home in a Digital World

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jos de Haan; Frank Huysmans; Jan Steyaert

    2002-01-01

    Original title: Van huis uit digitaal. Young people grow up surrounded by digital media. Particularly at home, but increasingly at school as well, they have access to computers, the Internet and digital technology as well as information carriers such as video games and CD-ROMs. Some young

  17. Le Centre de recherches pour le développement international du ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    CRDI) du Canada, Jean Lebel, a annoncé aujourd'hui que le CRDI se joindra à la délégation officielle du gouvernement du Canada qui participera à la 21e Conférence des Parties (COP21) organisée dans le cadre de la ...

  18. Le Canada aide des villes de pays en développement à s'adapter ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    CRDI) du Canada, Jean Lebel, a annoncé aujourd'hui un investissement de quatre millions de dollars pour aider des villes dans des pays en développement à mieux se préparer à faire face aux répercussions des changements ...

  19. Le Canada fera passer l'innovation agricole à une plus grande ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    3 mars 2016 ... OTTAWA – Le Centre de recherches pour le développement international (CRDI) et Affaires mondiales Canada ont annoncé aujourd'hui six nouveaux projets qui seront appuyés par le Fonds canadien de recherche sur la sécurité alimentaire internationale (FCRSAI). Ces projets visent à concevoir et à ...

  20. Journal of Genetics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Genetics; Volume 96; Online resources. Volume 96, Online resources. 2017, pages e1-e34. pp e1-e4 Online Resources. Microsatellite development and characterization for Saurogobio dabryi Bleeker, 1871 in a Yangtze river-connected lake, China · HONG GAO LIU ZHI YANG HUI YUAN TANG ...

  1. AcEST: DK946152 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available den, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb Miller, and David J. Lipman (1997), Gapped BLAS...hui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb Miller, and David J. Lipman (1997), Gapped BLAST and PSI-BLAST: a new generatio

  2. Theoretical Construction of Freedom and Pluralism Education in Pastoral Areas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Shuyan

    2009-01-01

    At beginning of the article, the author has a brief introduction of basic conditions in pastoral areas of Imperial Town, and interprets ethnic relations among Han, Tibetan, Mongolian, Yugur, Hui, Manchu and Tu mixed residence. After analysis of the internal and external factors that affect the specificity of pastoral education, the author…

  3. Estimation de l'incertitude du montant de provisions pour sinisitre a ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    assurance «solvabilité II», les organismes assureurs ne peuvent plus se contenter des estimations déterministes des montants de provisions inscrits au passif. Il est aujourd'hui en effet indispensable d'évaluer l'incertitude de ces estimations et ainsi de ...

  4. Les Inexprimés Et Leurs Formes Diverses En Traduction ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    La traduction aujourd'hui implique un transfert du sens. Mais le sens a transferer n.est pas la somme totale des mots qui constituent l'enonce car chaque enonce a deux sens; le sens connote et le sens denote. Le sens que cherche le traducteur se cache dans l'entourage des faits d'expressions autrement appele le ...

  5. Journal of Genetics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. Da-Hui Yu1 2 Ni-Ni Qu1 2 Gui-Ju Huang1 2. Key Laboratory of South China Sea Fishery Resources Exploitation and Utilization, Ministry of Agriculture, South China; Sea Fisheries Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, Guangzhou 510300, People's Republic of China ...

  6. Nouvelles et activités | Page 6 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    CRDI) du Canada, Jean Lebel, a annoncé aujourd'hui que le CRDI se joindra à la délégation officielle du gouvernement du Canada qui participera à la 21e Conférence des Parties (COP21) organisée dans le cadre de la... Nouvelle ministre ...

  7. Health-related problems and quality of life in patients with syndromic and complex craniosynostosis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    T. de Jong (Tim); M. Maliepaard (Marianne); N. Bannink (Natalja); H. Raat (Hein); I.M.J. Mathijssen (Irene)

    2012-01-01

    textabstractPurpose: We conducted this study to gauge the health-related problems, quality of life and the performance of the Health Utility Index Mark 3 (HUI-3) in patients with syndromic and complex craniosynostosis. Patients with syndromic and complex craniosynostosis have various physical and

  8. The measurement of long-term health-related quality of life after injury: comparison of EQ-5D and the health utilities index

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Polinder, Suzanne; Haagsma, Juanita A.; Bonsel, Gouke; Essink-Bot, Marie-Louise; Toet, Hidde; van Beeck, Ed F.

    2010-01-01

    Objective Empirical head-to-head comparison of the health utility index (HUI) mark 2 and 3 and the EuroQol-5D (EQ-5D) in injury patients of all severity levels to obtain more insight into the strengths and limitations of the multi-attribute utility measures (MAUI) to estimate utility losses in

  9. Online in opkomst: eten kopen in de winkel wordt een keuze

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Haaster-de Winter, van M.A.

    2015-01-01

    Consumenten hoeven hun huis niet meer uit. Binnen een paar muisklikken zijn de boodschappen besteld. Dat kan relatief gemakkelijk. De online infrastructuur in Nederland is goed; de internetpenetratie is één van de hoogste binnen Europa (>90%). Het percentage mensen dat min of meer dagelijks het

  10. Recovery of water from cacti for use in small farming communities

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    sunny t

    2013-10-02

    Oct 2, 2013 ... cellulose) extracted from the pulp to the liquid product. (Hui et al., 2002). The hydraulic cold press is used in small juicing companies and was the only fruit juicing method for many. Schabort et al. 5927 years (Barrett et al., 2004). Roller presses work by pushing two cylinders or rollers against each other and.

  11. Psychological Aspects of Geographical Moves. Homesickness and Acculturation Stress

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tilburg, van Miranda; Vingerhoets, Ad

    2005-01-01

    'Het is de verdienste van dit boek dat op uitgebreide wijze aandacht wordt geschonken aan het feit dat lang niet iedereen zonder problemen huis en haard achterlaat. De samenstellers hebben gelijk dat hier sprake is van een onderbelicht probleem of wellicht zelfs een taboe.' Jan Spijker, Maandblad

  12. Integration of pheromones and the entomopathogenic fungus for the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Mo

    Integration of pheromones and the entomopathogenic fungus for the management of the banana weevil. W. Tinzaara, C. S. Gold, C. Nankinga, M. Dicke2, Arnold van Huis2, P. E. Ragamaand G.H. Kagezi. International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Eastern and Southern Africa Regional Centre, P. O Box 7878, Kampala, ...

  13. African Crop Science Journal - Vol 16, No 1 (2008)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Effect of mulching on banana weevil movement relative to pheromone traps · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. W Tinzaara, CS Gold, M Dicke, A van Huis, PE Ragama. http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/acsj.v16i1.54340 ...

  14. Download this PDF file

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Thus, the policy implication of the study is that the Federal Capital. Territory Administration through its relevant agencies should ... Yusof, 2001 (in Malaysia); Chin, 2003 (in. Southeast Asia); Hui & Yu, 2006 (in Hong. Kong) ; Boon .... February, 1976, the federal government did not move the seat of government to the city until.

  15. Young-Old

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Simpson, Deane

    documents phenomena ranging from the continuous, golf-cart-accessible urban landscapes of the world’s largest retirement community in Florida and the mono-national urbanizaciones of “the retirement home of Europe” on Costa del Sol, to the Dutch-themed residential community at Huis Ten Bosch in the south...

  16. Mining microsatellite markers from public expressed sequence tag ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Genetics; Volume 91; Issue 3. Mining microsatellite markers from public expressed sequence tag sequences for genetic diversity analysis in pomegranate. Zai-Hai Jian Xin-She Liu Jian-Bin Hu Yan-Hui Chen Jian-Can Feng. Research Note Volume 91 Issue 3 December 2012 pp 353-358 ...

  17. A parent-child dyad approach to the assessment of health status and health-related quality of life in children with asthma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ungar, Wendy J; Boydell, Katherine; Dell, Sharon; Feldman, Brian M; Marshall, Deborah; Willan, Andrew; Wright, James G

    2012-08-01

    Assessment of health state and health-related quality of life (HR-QOL) are limited by a child's age and cognitive ability. Parent-proxy reports are known to differ from children's reports. Simultaneous assessment using a parent-child dyad is an alternative approach. Our objective was to assess the validity, reliability and responsiveness of a parent-child dyad approach to utility and HR-QOL assessment of paediatric asthma health states. The setting was specialist care in a hospital-based asthma clinic. Participants were 91 girls and boys with asthma aged 8 to 17 years and 91 parents. The intervention employed was parent-child dyad administration of the Health Utilities Index (HUI) 2 and 3, the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory™ (PedsQL™) Core and Asthma modules, and the Pediatric Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (PAQLQ). Questionnaires were administered by interview to children and parents separately and then together as a dyad to assess the child's health state. The dyad interview was repeated at the next clinic visit. Dyad-child agreement was measured by intra-class correlation (ICC) coefficient; Spearman correlations were used to assess convergent validity. Test-retest reliability was assessed in 28 children who remained clinically stable between visits with a two-way ICC coefficient. Responsiveness to change from baseline was assessed with Spearman coefficients in 30 children who demonstrated clinical change between visits. There was no significant agreement between parent and child for the HUI2 or HUI3 whereas agreement between dyad and child was 0.55 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.36, 0.69) for the HUI2 and 0.74 (95% CI 0.61, 0.82) for the HUI3 overall. With respect to dyad performance characteristics, both HUI2 and HUI3 overall scores demonstrated moderate convergent validity with the generic PedsQL™ Core domains (range r = 0.30-0.52; p  0.4; p child dyad approach demonstrated moderate to strong performance characteristics in generic

  18. Sex differences in the relative contribution of social and clinical factors to the Health Utilities Index Mark 2 measure of health-related quality of life in older home care clients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hogan David B

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The heterogeneity evident among home care clients highlights the need for greater understanding of the clinical and social determinants of multi-dimensional health-related quality of life (HRQL indices and of potential sex-differences in these determinants. We examined the relative contribution of social and clinical factors to HRQL among older home care clients and explored whether any of the observed associations varied by sex. Methods The Canadian-US sample included 514 clients. Self-reported HRQL was measured during in-home interviews (2002-04 using the Health Utilities Index Mark 2 (HUI2. Data on clients' sociodemographic, health and clinical characteristics were obtained with the Minimum Data Set for Home Care. The relative associations between clients' characteristics and HUI2 scores were examined using multivariable linear regression models. Results Women had a significantly lower mean HUI2 score than men (0.48, 95%CI 0.46-0.50 vs. 0.52, 0.49-0.55. Clients with distressed caregivers and poor self-rated health exhibited significantly lower HRQL scores after adjustment for a comprehensive list of clinical conditions. Several other factors remained statistically significant (arthritis, psychiatric illness, bladder incontinence, urinary tract infection or clinically important (reported loneliness, congestive heart failure, pressure ulcers correlates of lower HUI2 scores in adjusted analyses. These associations generally did not vary significantly by sex. Conclusion For females and males, HRQL scores were negatively associated with conditions predictive or indicative of disability and with markers of psychosocial stress. Despite sex differences in the prevalence of social and clinical factors likely to affect HRQL, few varied significantly by sex in their relative impact on HUI2 scores. Further exploration of differences in the relative importance of clinical and psychosocial well-being (e.g., loneliness to HRQL among

  19. Health-Related Quality of Life Among Children with Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Furlong, William; Rae, Charlene; Feeny, David; Gelber, Richard D; Laverdiere, Caroline; Michon, Bruno; Silverman, Lewis; Sallan, Stephen; Barr, Ronald

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND The objective was to quantify the health-related quality of life (HRQL) of children treated for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and identify specific disabilities for remediation. PROCEDURE Two types of subjects were included: ALL patients 5 plus years old in a multi-center clinical trial; and general population control groups. Patients were assessed during all 4 major phases of active treatment and approximately 2 years after treatment. Health status and HRQL were measured using HEALTH UTILITIES INDEX® (HUI®) Mark 2 (HUI2) and Mark 3 (HUI3). HRQL scores were used to calculate quality-adjusted life years (QALYs). Excess disability rates identified attributes for remediation. RESULTS HUI assessments (n=749) were collected during the 5 phases. Mean HRQL increased from induction through the post-treatment phase (p<0.001). There were no significant demographic or treatment effects on HRQL, except for type of asparaginase during continuation therapy (p=0.005 for HUI2 and p=0.007 for HUI3). Differences in mean HRQL scores between patients and controls were important (p<0.001) during the active treatment phases but not during the post-treatment phase. Relative to controls, patients lost approximately 0.2 QALYs during active treatment. Disability was evident in mobility/ambulation, emotion, self-care and pain, and declined over time. CONCLUSIONS Patients with ALL experienced important but declining deficits in HRQL during active treatment phases: equivalent to losing approximately 2 months of life in perfect health. HRQL within the 2-years post-treatment phase was similar to controls. The policy challenge is to develop new treatment protocols producing fewer disabilities in mobility/ambulation, emotion, self-care, and pain without compromising survival. PMID:22294502

  20. Feasibility and reliability of a mailed questionnaire to obtain visual analogue scale valuations for health states defined by the Health Utilities Index Mark 3.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raat, Hein; Bonsel, Gouke J; Hoogeveen, W Christina; Essink-Bot, Marie-Louise

    2004-01-01

    To establish the generalizability (external validity) of the Health Utilities Index Mark 3 (HUI3) as a single-summary score generic outcome measure in numerous countries/subgroups (including children), repeated studies of community preferences should be performed in various settings. In performing multiple HUI3 studies, a mailed questionnaire approach, if feasible and reliable, might be substituted for oral interviews. In the present study, we assessed the feasibility and reliability of a mailed questionnaire approach originally developed for the EQ-5D, for the purpose of collecting Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) valuations from parents as surrogate responders for 65 pediatric HUI3 health states and for the state of being dead. Untransformed mean VAS scores of the health states and scores converted into preliminary Standard Gamble (SG)-utilities were compared with Canadian and French multiattribute utility estimates. A random sample of 1920 parents of schoolchildren (aged 4 to 13) received a mailed questionnaire. Each parent was asked to rate 6 HUI3 health states on a 0 to 100 VAS. Response was 70%. Mean completion time was 20 minutes (SD 9). The questionnaire was rated difficult by only 9%. The current format was, however, inappropriate for valuing the state of being dead. Interrater reliability of health state valuations was.87. Spearman's rank correlations, Pearson-R correlations and intra class correlation coefficients (ICCs) between untransformed VAS valuations and Canadian/French utility estimates were > or =.87. However, preliminary SG-utilities showed diminished ICCs (.71 to.72). The data support the feasibility and reliability of mailed HUI3 valuation questionnaires to a considerable extent, but further methodological studies regarding other formats and different populations are recommended.

  1. Parental Perceptions of Quality of Life in Children on Long-Term Ventilation at Home as Compared to Enterostomy Tubes.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brahim Redouane

    Full Text Available Health related quality of life (HRQL of children using medical technology at home is largely unknown. Our aim was to examine the HRQL in children on long-term ventilation at home (LTHV in comparison to a cohort using an enterostomy tube.Participants were divided into three groups: 1 LTHV without an enterostomy tube (LTHV cohort; 2 Enterostomy tube (GT cohort; 3 LTHV with an enterostomy tube (LTHV+GT cohort. Caregivers of children ≥ 5 years and followed at SickKids, Toronto, Canada, completed three questionnaires: Health Utilities Index 2/3 (HUI2/3, Caregiver Priorities Caregiver Health Index (CPCHILD, and the Paediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL. The primary outcome was the difference in utility (HUI2/3 scores between the cohorts.One hundred and nineteen children were enrolled; 47 in the LTHV cohort, 44 in the GT cohort, and 28 in the LTHV+GT cohort. In univariate analysis, HUI2 mean (SE scores were lowest for the GT cohort, 0.4 (0.04 followed by the LTHV+GT, 0.42 (0.05 and then the LTHV cohort, 0.7 (0.04, p = 0.001. A similar trend was seen for the HUI3 mean (SE scores: GT cohort, 0.1 (0.06, followed by the LTHV +GT cohort, 0.2 (0.08 and then the LTHV cohort, 0.5 (0.06, p = 0.0001. Technology cohort, nursing hours and the severity of health care needs predicted HRQL as measured by the HUI2/3.The HRQL of these children is low. Children on LTHV had higher HRQL than children using enterostomy tubes. Further work is needed to identify modifiable factors that can improve HRQL.

  2. Prevalence of visual impairment and refractive errors among different ethnic groups in schoolchildren in Turpan, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chin, Man Pan; Siong, Kar Ho; Chan, Ka Ho; Do, Chi Wai; Chan, Henry Ho Lung; Cheong, Allen Ming Yan

    2015-05-01

    There is currently limited information about ethnic differences in myopia prevalence within mainland China, especially in rural or semi-rural areas. We examined the prevalence of refractive errors, visual impairment and spectacle coverage in school children of varying ethnicity in Turpan, Xinjiang province. A community eye care service was provided for five schools. Presenting monocular distance and near visual acuity (VA), and ocular alignment were assessed. Retinoscopy and cycloplegic subjective refraction were performed for participants with presenting visual impairment (distance VA worse than 0.3 logMAR; Snellen 6/12 or 20/40) or abnormal binocular vision. Questionnaires administered prior to the eye examinations were used to collect information regarding personal lifestyle and parental myopia. A total of 646 out of 690 (94%) subjects aged four to 19 years (11.9 ± 2.6; mean ± S.D.) completed the eye examination. Three hundred and eighty-two (59%) of participants were of Uyghur ethnicity, followed by Han, 176 (27%) and Hui, 74 (12%). The mean age of Uyghur, Han and Hui students was 12.3 ± 2.7, 11.4 ± 2.6 and 11.4 ± 2.3 years respectively, in which the Uyghur students were significantly older than the Han and Hui students (F(3,631) = 5.58 p visual impairment was not significantly different among the ethnic groups (p = 0.26). After cycloplegic refraction, most subjects' VA (98%) improved to better than 0.3 logMAR (Snellen 6/12 or 20/40). The prevalence of "clinically-significant myopia" (≤-0.50 dioptres) was 27%, 18% and 13% in Han, Hui and Uyghur children, respectively (p Hui > Uyghur). As reported previously, uncorrected/under-corrected refractive error was the main cause of presenting visual impairment. © 2015 The Authors Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics © 2015 The College of Optometrists.

  3. Implementation of envelope detection based Wake-Up Receiver for IEEE 802.15.4 WPAN from off-the-shelf components

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Arndt

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Power consumption in wireless networks is crucial. In most scenarios the transmission time is short compared to the idle listening time for data transmission, the most power is consumed by the receiver. In low latency systems there is a need for low power wake-up receivers (WuRx that reduce the power consumption when the node is idle, but keep it responsive. This work presents a WuRx designed out of commercial components to investigate the needs of a WuRx when it is embedded in a Wireless Personal Area Network (WPAN system in a real environment setup including WLAN and LTE communication and considering interferer rejection. The calculation necessary for the attenuation of those interferers is explained in detail. Furthermore, a system design is presented that fulfills the requirements for this environment and is build from off-the-shelf components.

  4. Regulation of alternative oxidase at the transcription stage in Aspergillus niger under the conditions of citric acid production.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hattori, Takasumi; Kino, Kuniki; Kirimura, Kohtaro

    2009-04-01

    The citric acid-producing fungus Aspergillus niger WU-2223L possesses a cyanide-insensitive respiratory pathway catalyzed by alternative oxidase. The regulation of the alternative oxidase under the conditions of citric acid production was determined from the transcription level of the alternative oxidase gene (aox1). PCR and Southern blot analyses revealed that there is only one copy of aox1 on the chromosome of WU-2223L and no homologous gene of aox1. To confirm the regulation stage of alternative oxidase, alternative oxidase activities and aox1 transcription levels were measured under several cultivation conditions, including those for citric acid production. On each cultivation day, the changes in the specific activity of the alternative oxidase were found to be comparable to those in the transcription level of aox1. These results indicate that the activity of the alternative oxidase encoded by aox1 is regulated at the transcription stage under the conditions tested for A. niger WU-2223L.

  5. Correction: Long, H. et al. More Wind Power Integration with Adjusted Energy Carriers for Space Heating in Northern China. Energies 2012, 5, 3279-3294.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li Guo

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available In the original version of the article published in Energies [1], insufficient acknowledgement was given for the contributors Mr. Li Guo and Prof. Kai Wu in Xi’an Jiaotong University. The main work was completed by the research group in Xi’an Jiaotong University led by Prof. Kai Wu.  Mr. Li Guo was his master student who gave a lot of efforts in the measurement of daily loads of heating and electricity in different families, and his data was used in Section 2.1. Prof. Kai Wu was involved in the whole work; he put forward the basic idea, made the research plan and participated in the detailed discussion about the algorithm for calculation. [...

  6. Implementation of envelope detection based Wake-Up Receiver for IEEE 802.15.4 WPAN from off-the-shelf components

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arndt, Josua; Krystofiak, Lukas; Bonehi, Vahid; Wunderlich, Ralf; Heinen, Stefan

    2017-09-01

    Power consumption in wireless networks is crucial. In most scenarios the transmission time is short compared to the idle listening time for data transmission, the most power is consumed by the receiver. In low latency systems there is a need for low power wake-up receivers (WuRx) that reduce the power consumption when the node is idle, but keep it responsive. This work presents a WuRx designed out of commercial components to investigate the needs of a WuRx when it is embedded in a Wireless Personal Area Network (WPAN) system in a real environment setup including WLAN and LTE communication and considering interferer rejection. The calculation necessary for the attenuation of those interferers is explained in detail. Furthermore, a system design is presented that fulfills the requirements for this environment and is build from off-the-shelf components.

  7. Performance evaluation and comparative analysis of SubCarrier Modulation Wake-up Radio systems for energy-efficient wireless sensor networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oller, Joaquim; Demirkol, Ilker; Casademont, Jordi; Paradells, Josep; Gamm, Gerd Ulrich; Reindl, Leonhard

    2013-12-19

    Energy-efficient communication is one of the main concerns of wireless sensor networks nowadays. A commonly employed approach for achieving energy efficiency has been the use of duty-cycled operation of the radio, where the node's transceiver is turned off and on regularly, listening to the radio channel for possible incoming communication during its on-state. Nonetheless, such a paradigm performs poorly for scenarios of low or bursty traffic because of unnecessary activations of the radio transceiver. As an alternative technology, Wake-up Radio (WuR) systems present a promising energy-efficient network operation, where target devices are only activated in an on-demand fashion by means of a special radio signal and a WuR receiver. In this paper, we analyze a novel wake-up radio approach that integrates both data communication and wake-up functionalities into one platform, providing a reconfigurable radio operation. Through physical experiments, we characterize the delay, current consumption and overall operational range performance of this approach under different transmit power levels. We also present an actual single-hop WuR application scenario, as well as demonstrate the first true multi-hop capabilities of a WuR platform and simulate its performance in a multi-hop scenario. Finally, by thorough qualitative comparisons to the most relevant WuR proposals in the literature, we state that the proposed WuR system stands out as a strong candidate for any application requiring energy-efficient wireless sensor node communications.

  8. Performance Evaluation and Comparative Analysis of SubCarrier Modulation Wake-up Radio Systems for Energy-Efficient Wireless Sensor Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joaquim Oller

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Energy-efficient communication is one of the main concerns of wireless sensor networks nowadays. A commonly employed approach for achieving energy efficiency has been the use of duty-cycled operation of the radio, where the node’s transceiver is turned off and on regularly, listening to the radio channel for possible incoming communication during its on-state. Nonetheless, such a paradigm performs poorly for scenarios of low or bursty traffic because of unnecessary activations of the radio transceiver. As an alternative technology, Wake-up Radio (WuR systems present a promising energy-efficient network operation, where target devices are only activated in an on-demand fashion by means of a special radio signal and a WuR receiver. In this paper, we analyze a novel wake-up radio approach that integrates both data communication and wake-up functionalities into one platform, providing a reconfigurable radio operation. Through physical experiments, we characterize the delay, current consumption and overall operational range performance of this approach under different transmit power levels. We also present an actual single-hop WuR application scenario, as well as demonstrate the first true multi-hop capabilities of a WuR platform and simulate its performance in a multi-hop scenario. Finally, by thorough qualitative comparisons to the most relevant WuR proposals in the literature, we state that the proposed WuR system stands out as a strong candidate for any application requiring energy-efficient wireless sensor node communications.

  9. On the security of a novel probabilistic signature based on bilinear square Diffie-Hellman problem and its extension.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Zhenguo; Shi, Wenbo

    2014-01-01

    Probabilistic signature scheme has been widely used in modern electronic commerce since it could provide integrity, authenticity, and nonrepudiation. Recently, Wu and Lin proposed a novel probabilistic signature (PS) scheme using the bilinear square Diffie-Hellman (BSDH) problem. They also extended it to a universal designated verifier signature (UDVS) scheme. In this paper, we analyze the security of Wu et al.'s PS scheme and UDVS scheme. Through concrete attacks, we demonstrate both of their schemes are not unforgeable. The security analysis shows that their schemes are not suitable for practical applications.

  10. Methods for space-time parameter estimation in DS-CDMA arrays

    OpenAIRE

    Wu, Rui

    2006-01-01

    Rui Wu tutki väitöstyössään radiokanavan eri ominaisuuksien arviointia. Tietämys radiokanavan ominaisuuksista on monesti välttämätöntä, jotta radiovastaanottimen vastaanottama signaali voidaan purkaa ymmärrettävään muotoon. Wu tutki hajaspektrijärjestelmiä, joissa esimerkiksi puhe- tai datasignaalin kaistanleveys moninkertaistetaan radiolähettimessä. Näin tehdään muun muassa jo toiminnassa olevissa 3G-puhelimissa ja -tukiasemissa. Kaistanleveyden moninkertaistamisella pyritään satunnaistamaan...

  11. Chemically Tunable 2D Materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-30

    2015, 44, 5861- 5896. 18 J. Zhao, Z. Wang, J. C. White and B. Xing , Environ. Sci. Techno/., 2014, 48, 9995-10009. 19 V. C. Sanchez, A. jachak, R. H...143. 117 T. Tong, A. Shereef, J. Wu , C. T. T. Binh, J. J. Kelly, J.-F. Gaillard and K. A. Gray, Environ. Sci. Technol., 2013, 47, 12486- 12495. 118...S. Liu, M. Hu, T. H. Zeng, R. Wu , R. Jiang,]. Wei, L. Wang, J. Kong andY. Chen, Langmuir, 2012, 28, 12364- 12372. 119 ]. Fan, Y. Li, H. N. Nguyen, Y

  12. Fuzzy linear programming approach for solving transportation ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ALI EBRAHIMNEJAD

    DEFINITION 2.3 ([28]). Let ˜AL ∈ FT N (wL) and ˜AU ∈ FT N (wU ). A level (wL, wU )- interval-valued trapezoidal fuzzy number ˜˜A, denoted by ˜˜A = [. ˜AL, ˜AU. ] = 〈. (aL ...... Appl. Math. Sci. 4(2): 79–90. [14] Kumar A and Kaur A 2010 Application of linear program- ming for solving fuzzy transportation problems. J. Appl. Math.

  13. Some Applications of Generalized Char-Sets of Ordinary Differential Polynomial Sets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Afzal Farkhanda

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The notion of characteristic sets, which are a special kind of triangular sets, is introduced by J. F Ritt and W.T. Wu. Wu extended Ritt’s work and developed the characteristic set method not only in theory but in algorithms, efficiency and its numerous applications. Triangular sets are widely considered as a good representation for the solution of polynomial systems. After the introduction of characteristic sets by Ritt, triangular sets have become an alternative tool for representing the ideal besides the Gröbner bases. This paper is about implementation and applications of generalized characteristic sets of ordinary differential polynomial sets defined by author.

  14. Effectiveness of pharmacist dosing adjustment for critically ill patients receiving continuous renal replacement therapy: a comparative study

    OpenAIRE

    Jiang, Sai-Ping; Zhu,Zheng-Yi; Wu,Xiao-liang; Lu,Xiao-Yang; Zhang,Xing-Guo; Wu,Bao-hua

    2014-01-01

    Sai-Ping Jiang,1 Zheng-Yi Zhu,2 Xiao-Liang Wu,3 Xiao-Yang Lu,1 Xing-Guo Zhang,1 Bao-Hua Wu1 1Department of Pharmacy, the First Affiliated Hospital, 2Department of Pharmacy, Children’s Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, 3Intensive Care Unit, the First Affiliated Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, People's Republic of China Background: The impact of continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) on drug removal is complicated...

  15. Retinal Drug Delivery System, Phase I

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-06-01

    B.M. Wu, S.W. Borland, B.M. Wu, L.G. Cima, E.M. Sachs, M.J. Cima, "Mechanical Properties of Dense Polylactic Acid Structures Fabricated by Three...constant drug release of 80 .Lg/day was achieved. This research project demonstrated the potential of the TheriForm process to manufacture unique...and 5% have dose-limiting thrombocytopenia.’ In addition , systemic drugs usually have to be administered frequently. For example, ganciclovir has a

  16. Lumped-parameter models

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ibsen, Lars Bo; Liingaard, Morten

    A lumped-parameter model represents the frequency dependent soil-structure interaction of a massless foundation placed on or embedded into an unbounded soil domain. The lumped-parameter model development have been reported by (Wolf 1991b; Wolf 1991a; Wolf and Paronesso 1991; Wolf and Paronesso 1992......; Wolf 1994; Wolf 1997; Wu and Lee 2002; Wu and Lee 2004). In this technical report the the steps of establishing a lumped-parameter model are presented. Following sections are included in this report: Static and dynamic formulation (Section 1.1), Simple lumped-parameter models (Section 1.2) and Advanced...... lumped-parameter models (Section 1.3)....

  17. From the transnational to the Sinophone: lesbian representations in Chinese-language films.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, Alvin Ka Hin

    2012-01-01

    This article theorizes global lesbian cinema in Chinese-language films through regionalism, diaspora studies, and Sinophone studies. Through an inter-regional analysis of Butterfly (Yan Yan Mak, 2004, Hong Kong) and diasporic and Sinophone readings of Saving Face (Alice Wu, 2005, USA), I argue that Mak's film illustrates a Hong Kong regional retranslation of a Taiwanese lesbian story, which complicates any claim to a stable "Chinese" identity. Finally, Wu's representation of lesbianism also troubles the politics of Chineseness by pointing to the ways diasporic reproduction of "community" works through the disciplining of other non-normative sexualities.

  18. The Explicit and Implicit Qualities of Alternative Fuels: Issues to Consider for Their Use in Marine Diesel Engines

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-09-30

    petroleum diesel) for a diesel-like biofuel derived from pyrolysis (Adebanjo et al. 2005), making the validity of the cetane index from such fuels...engine performance. F-T fuel has a 2.7% higher gravimetric energy density (Wu et al. 2007) and engine thermal efficiency (Abu-Jrai et al. 2006). Based...6), the volumetric energy density of F-T is 14% lower than diesel, even though the gravimetric energy density of F-T is 2.7% higher (Wu et al. 2007

  19. 0173 Grouping strategies for exposure assessment of the psychosocial work environment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Willert, Morten Vejs; Schlünssen, Vivi; Basinas, Ioannis

    2014-01-01

    (n = 751), and 3 occupational levels: sector (n = 7), profession (n = 46), and job title (n = 77). Exposures, calculated as means of items scored on 5-point Likert scales, included psychological demands, decision latitude, social support, effort, reward, and procedural and relational justice......); 0.12(jt), procedural justice: 0.24(wu); 0.14(jt), and relational justice: 0.29(wu); 0.04(jt). CONCLUSIONS: Grouping by work unit gave the most consistent contrasts (0.19-0.29), while grouping by job title varied considerably (0.04-0.32). These preliminary findings suggest that grouping by work unit...

  20. Pro-apoptotic and pro-autophagic effects of the Aurora kinase A inhibitor alisertib (MLN8237 on human osteosarcoma U-2 OS and MG-63 cells through the activation of mitochondria-mediated pathway and inhibition of p38 MAPK/PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Niu NK

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Ning-Kui Niu,1–3 Zi-Li Wang,1 Shu-Ting Pan,2,4 Hui-Qiang Ding,1 Giang HT Au,2 Zhi-Xu He,5 Zhi-Wei Zhou,2,5 Guozhi Xiao,6 Yin-Xue Yang,7 Xueji Zhang,8 Tianxin Yang,9 Xiao-Wu Chen,10 Jia-Xuan Qiu,4 Shu-Feng Zhou2 1Department of Spinal Surgery, General Hospital of Ningxia Medical University, Yinchuan, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA; 3Department of Orthopedics, General Hospital of Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, 4Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Nanchang, Jiangxi, 5Guizhou Provincial Key Laboratory for Regenerative Medicine, Stem Cell and Tissue Engineering Research Center and Sino-US Joint Laboratory for Medical Sciences, Guizhou Medical University, Guiyang, Guizhou, People’s Republic of China; 6Department of Biochemistry, Medical Center, Rush University, Chicago, IL, USA; 7Department of Colorectal Surgery, General Hospital of Ningxia Medical University, Yinchuan, 8Research Center for Bioengineering and Sensing Technology, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing, People’s Republic of China; 9Department of Internal Medicine, University of Utah and Salt Lake Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Salt Lake City, UT, USA; 10Department of General Surgery, The First People’s Hospital of Shunde affiliated to Southern Medical University, Foshan, Guangdong, People’s Republic of China Abstract: Osteosarcoma (OS is the most common malignant bone tumor occurring mostly in children and adolescents between 10 and 20 years of age with poor response to current therapeutics. Alisertib (ALS, MLN8237 is a selective Aurora kinase A inhibitor that displays anticancer effects on several types of cancer. However, the role of ALS in the treatment of OS remains unknown. This study aimed to investigate the effects of ALS on the cell growth, apoptosis, autophagy, and epithelial to

  1. Exosomes from iPSCs Delivering siRNA Attenuate Intracellular Adhesion Molecule-1 Expression and Neutrophils Adhesion in Pulmonary Microvascular Endothelial Cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ju, Zhihai; Ma, Jinhui; Wang, Chen; Yu, Jie; Qiao, Yeru; Hei, Feilong

    2017-04-01

    The pro-inflammatory activation of pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells resulting in continuous expression of cellular adhesion molecules, and subsequently recruiting primed neutrophils to form a firm neutrophils-endothelium (PMN-EC) adhesion, has been examined and found to play a vital role in acute lung injury (ALI). RNA interference (RNAi) is a cellular process through harnessing a natural pathway silencing target gene based on recognition and subsequent degradation of specific mRNA sequences. It opens a promising approach for precision medicine. However, this application was hampered by many obstacles, such as immunogenicity, instability, toxicity problems, and difficulty in across the biological membrane. In this study, we reprogrammed urine exfoliated renal epithelial cells into human induced pluripotent stem cells (huiPSCs) and purified the exosomes (Exo) from huiPSCs as RNAi delivery system. Through choosing the episomal system to deliver transcription factors, we obtained a non-integrating huiPSCs. Experiments in both vitro and vivo demonstrated that these huiPSCs possess the pluripotent properties. The exosomes of huiPSCs isolated by differential centrifugation were visualized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) showing a typical exosomal appearance with an average diameter of 122 nm. Immunoblotting confirmed the presence of the typical exosomal markers, including CD63, TSG 101, and Alix. Co-cultured PKH26-labeled exosomes with human primary pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells (HMVECs) confirmed that they could be internalized by recipient cells at a time-dependent manner. Then, electroporation was used to introduce siRNA against intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) into exosomes to form an Exo/siRNA compound. The Exo/siRNA compound efficiently delivered the target siRNA into HMVECs causing selective gene silencing, inhibiting the ICAM-1 protein expression, and PMN-EC adhesion induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). These data suggest

  2. Evolution of the defensin-like gene family in grass genomes

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    . Jiandong Wu, Xiaolei Jing, Yang Zhao, Qing Dong, Haiyang Jiang and Qing Ma. J. Genet. 95, 53–62. Table 1. Information about DEFL genes in B. distachyon, O. sativa, S. bicolor and Z. mays. Species. Gene name. Gene identifer. ORF (aa).

  3. Author Details

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Wu, Kejian. Vol 19 (2011) - Articles Prediction of Multiphase Flow Properties from Network Models Abstract. ISSN: 1116-4336. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's · More about AJOL · AJOL's Partners · Terms and Conditions of Use · Contact AJOL · News.

  4. Bulletin of Materials Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science. Li Yajiang. Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 24 Issue 6 December 2001 pp 639-642 Alloys and Steels. Fine structure at the diffusion welded interface of Fe3Al/Q235 dissimilar materials · Wang Juan Li Yajiang Wu Huiqiang · More Details Abstract Fulltext ...

  5. Identification of differentially expressed proteins in response to Pb ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    use

    76 proteins, out of the 95 differentially expressed proteins, were subjected to MALDI-TOF-MS Of these,. 46 identities were identified by ... metabolisms such as photosynthesis, photorespiration and protein biosynthesis in C. roseus leaves were without ...... Wu X, Hong FS, Liu C, Su MY, Zheng L (2008). PbCl2 on the nitrogen.

  6. Microwave-assisted efficient synthesis of 2-arylbenzo[b]furans and 2 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    enhanced Sonogashira coupling and cyclization reactions on alumina,10c but his ..... Kabalka G W, Wang L and Pagni R M 2001 Tetrahedron. 57 8017; (d) Wu X-Y and Larhed M 2005 Org. Lett. 7 3327; (e) Goossen L J, Manjolinho F and Khan B A.

  7. P Phytoch the hemica leaf ex al scre xtract o eening of Enta and a ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SAM

    diameter zo and 6.25 m concentratio vely. The lea coside which acterial pote ense, antimcro large forest tr from the bas ery smooth. edicine: as or treatment ulcer activity the compou to be met that most pla sess inhibito me pathoge wu, 2006). es of chemi nt therapeu tment of hum. The studies hoo.com. anently open a and a.

  8. Sparsity-Based Representation for Classification Algorithms and Comparison Results for Transient Acoustic Signals

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-05-01

    timed on the same desktop with an Intel quad-core 3.60-GHz CPU that has 16-GB memory, running Windows 7 and Matlab version 8.3.0. Note that these running...Battlefield Acoustic and Seismic Sensing. Magnetic and Electric Field Sensors (BAMS); 2010. 26. Wu H, Gurram P, Kwon H, Prasad S. A hybrid csvm-hmm model

  9. On Rational Interpolation-Based List-Decoding and List-Decoding Binary Goppa Codes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Beelen, Peter; Høholdt, Tom; Nielsen, Johan Sebastian Rosenkilde

    2013-01-01

    We derive the Wu list-decoding algorithm for generalized Reed–Solomon (GRS) codes by using Gröbner bases over modules and the Euclidean algorithm as the initial algorithm instead of the Berlekamp–Massey algorithm. We present a novel method for constructing the interpolation polynomial fast. We give...

  10. Effects of in-water and dryland warm-ups on 50-meter freestyle performance in child swimmer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kaya Fatih

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available In this study, effectiveness of 3 warm-up (WU modes on 50m free style on child swimmers has been evaluated. In repeated-measures counterbalanced design, 10 male swimmers of a local sports club (10-12 ages have tried out 50m freestyle after each WU on different days. Each WU took 15 minutes and the intensity of WU has been checked over by Borg’s rating of perceived exertion (RPE 15-point scale. a no warm-up (NWU: the swimmers sat or laid down for 15 minutes, b dryland warmup (DWU: continuous rope-jumping at RPE 12 for 5 minutes, 2 sets 10x15s calisthenics with 15s breathing spaces and continuous ropejumping at RPE 14 for 5 minutes, c in-water warm up (SWU: continuous freestyle swimming at RPE 12 for 5 minutes, freestyle swimming with 8x15m maximum performance with 30s breathing spaces and continuous freestyle swimming at RPE 14 for 5 minutes. RPE, stroke count and heart rate (HR have been evaluated together with the best time in swimming performance. Compared with NWU swimming time post DWU was faster, however the fastest swimming time was achieved post SWU. After NWU swimming RPE was significantly higher. Significant difference could not be found in terms of HR and stroke count. Consequently, SWU is better for swimming performance and DWU can be used when swimming pool is not available.

  11. Journal of Biosciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Biosciences. XIAOQING SUN. Articles written in Journal of Biosciences. Volume 41 Issue 2 June 2016 pp 229-236 Article. Silencing of HMGA2 promotes apoptosis and inhibits migration and invasion of prostate cancer cells · Zhan Shi Ding Wu Run Tang Xiang Li Renfu Chen Song Xue ...

  12. Enhanced high temperature performance of LiMn2O4 coated with ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. Liu Jinlian1 Wu Xianming1 2 Chen Shang1 2 Liu Jianben1 2 He Zeqiang1 2. College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Jishou University, Jishou 416000, China; Xiangxi Ores and New Materials Development and Service Centre, Jishou 416000, China ...

  13. The Role of Polymerase Gamma Mutations in Breast Tumorigenesis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    Chau GY, Wu YT, Li SH, Lui WY, et al. Alteration of the copy number and deletion of mitochondrial DNA in human hepatocellular carcinoma. Br. J...481–484. [PubMed: 16020738] 47. Alonso A, Martin P, Albarran C, Aquilera B, Garcia O, Guzman A, et al. Detection of somatic mutations in the

  14. Role of Polymerase Gamma Mutations in Breast Tumorigenesis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-01

    HC, Chau GY, Wu YT, Li SH, Lui WY, et al. Alteration of the copy number and deletion of mitochondrial DNA in human hepatocellular carcinoma. Br. J...2005;309:481–484. [PubMed: 16020738] 47. Alonso A, Martin P, Albarran C, Aquilera B, Garcia O, Guzman A, et al. Detection of somatic mutations in the

  15. Fast Parallel Algorithms for Graphs and Networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-12-01

    loosing the nth game of badminton to him. Valerie King and .Joel Friedman showed me the wonders of cross-country skiing in Yosemite. Steven Rudich was...2), both W(u) and L(v) have no more than 7s/8 vertices. Let x be some ver- tex. We can describe the history of x throughout the algorithm by a zero

  16. Disease: H00469 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available A, Wu P, Faqeih EA, Al-Asmari AM, Saleh MA, Eyaid W, Hadeel A, He L, Smith F, Yau S, Simcox EM, Miwa S, Don...opathy. Hum Mol Genet 14:3079-88 (2005) PMID:23993193 Bonnen PE, Yarham JW, Besse

  17. Isolation and characterization of sixty sequences of cot-1 DNA from ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    user

    2012-11-06

    Nov 6, 2012 ... genetic structure of U. thibetanus. Recent studies have examined polymorphic microsatellite loci (Kitahara et al.,. 2000; Wu et al., 2010), the mitochondrial genome (Hwang et al., 2008; Yasukochi et al., 2009), Y chromosome gene divergence (Nakagome et al., 2008; Slattery et al., 2000), and nuclear genes ...

  18. Chronic toxicity and carcinogenicity study of erythritol in rats

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lina, B.A.R.; Bos-Kuijpers, M.H.M.; Til, H.P.; Bär, A.

    1996-01-01

    The potential toxicity and carcinogenicity of erythritol, a low-calorie sugar substitute, were examined in Wistar Crl:(WI) WU BR rats. Groups of 50 rats of each sex consumed diets with 0, 2, 5, or 10% erythritol, or 10% mannitol, for a period of 104-107 weeks. To each of these main groups, two

  19. Thirty-seven transcription factor genes differentially respond to a ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    repress SALICYLIC ACID INDUCTION DEFICIENT2 expression to negatively regulate plant innate immunity in. Arabidopsis; Plant Cell 21 2527−2540. Chen L, Qian J, Qu S, Long J, Yin Q, Zhang C, Wu X, Sun F et al. 2008a Identification of specific fragments of HpaGXooc, a harpin from Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzicola, ...

  20. LcMKK, a MAPK kinase from Lycium chinense, confers cadmium ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    induced endogenous salicylic acid and overexpression of this gene enhances tolerance to cadmium stress in Arabidopsis. Plant. Cell Rep. 34, 871–884. Guan C., Ji J., Wu D., Li X., Jin C., Guan W. et al. 2015b The glutathione synthesis may be regulated by cadmium-induced endogenous ethylene in Lycium chinense, and ...

  1. Study of the relationship between non-dimensional roughness ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    R. Narasimhan (Krishtel eMaging) 1461 1996 Oct 15 13:05:22

    0.0068, Smith and Banke (1975) gave 0.0130, Gar- rat (1977) suggested 0.0144, and Wu (1980) pro- posed 0.0185. A possible reason for the disagree- ment might be poor quality and quantity of wind stress measurements. Also effects of waves on the wind stress should be considered explicitly. Stewart (1974) presented a ...

  2. The 2011 ming k jeang award for excellence in cell & bioscience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shi, Yun-Bo

    2012-05-08

    Two research groups led by Dr T.C. Wu of Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions and Dr P. Liu of National Human Genome Research Institute, National Institutes of Health, respectively, have won the 2011 Ming K Jeang Award for Excellence in Cell & Bioscience.

  3. Persistent alterations in regional brain glial fibrillary acidic protein and synaptophysin levels following pre- and postnatal polychlorinated biphenyl exposure

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Morse, D.C.; Plug, A.; Wesseling, W.; Berg, K.J. van den; Brouwer, A.

    1996-01-01

    Pregnant Wistar WU rats were exposed to 0, 5, and 25 mg of the commercial polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) mixture Aroclor 1254 per kilogram of body weight on Days 10 to 16 of gestation. Pregnant rats were sacrificed on Gestation Day 20 to observe effects on fetal body and brain weights. Male and

  4. Original Research Validation and reliability of the Chichewa ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    -5D quality of life questionnaire in adults with orthopaedic injuries in Malawi. Linda Chokotho1,2, Nyengo Mkandawire3, Devin Conway4, Hao-Hua Wu4, David D. Shearer4, Geir. Hallan5, Jan-Erik Gjertsen2,5, Sven Young5,6, Brian C. Lau4.

  5. ONLINE RESOURCES Characterization of 108 novel expressed ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    User

    breeding programs, and perform marker-assisted selection. Over recent years, high ... characteristics, such as growth, reproduction, nutritional content, and resistance to disease in aquatic organisms .... Wu H. X. and Chai X. L. 2004 The reproductive habit and growth character of bloody clam. Tegillarca granosa in Yueqing ...

  6. Using random matrix theory to determine the number of endmembers in a hyperspectral image

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Cawse, K

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available sensing, vol. 17(9), pp. 1623–1632, 1996. [4] D. Gillis, J. Bowles, E.J. Ientilucci, D.W. Messinger, “A generalised linear mixing model for hyperspectral im- agery,” Proc. of SPIE, vol. 6966, pp. 1–11, 2008. [5] C-C. Wu, W. Liu, C-I. Chang...

  7. Genomewide identification, classification and analysis of NAC type ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Xiaojian Peng, Yang Zhao, Xiaoming Li, Min Wu, Wenbo Chai, Lei Sheng, Yu Wang, Qing Dong,. Haiyang Jiang and Beijiu Cheng. J. Genet. 94, 377–390. Table 1. Detailed information of NAC proteins in maize. Gene name. Sequence ID. Chromosome. Size (aa). Mass (da). pI. ZmNAC1. GRMZM2G406204_P01. 1. 664.

  8. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Sadhana. Xudong Chen. Articles written in Sadhana. Volume 36 Issue 3 June 2011 pp 357-369. Influence of free water content on the compressive mechanical behaviour of cement mortar under high strain rate · Jikai Zhou Xudong Chen Longqiang Wu Xiaowei Kan · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF.

  9. 1256-IJBCS-Article-Edward Bayer

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    KODJIO NORBERT

    Polar and dispersive contributions of the surface tension were obtained by calculation while the polarities of the liquids and solutions were determined applying Wu equations. This method gave the different results for solutions prepared from macromolecular compounds (acroleine- ethanolamine macromolecular solution 1 ...

  10. The Ringworld Throne

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    1996-01-01

    ... what effectively is a plague of Protectors (superbeings common to many Niven novels) whose rivalries threaten Ringworld's existence. The battle against the vampires is the more exciting of the two stories, filled with action, scenes of the Ringworld and explorations of ritualistic interspecies sex. Wu's pursuit of the Protectors displays Niven's deft ha...

  11. Characterization and quantification of phenolic compounds of extra ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SAM

    2014-03-19

    Mar 19, 2014 ... 2High School of Food Industry of Tunisia, Laboratory of Preservation and Valorisation of Food Products, 58, Rue Alain. SAVARY, Cité Elkhadra, Tunis 1003, ... ing, and their roles as food preservatives has been evaluated (Wu et al., 2008). ..... Detection of olive oil adulteration by measuring its authenticity ...

  12. Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences. PRACHI MAHAJAN. Articles written in Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences. Volume 127 Issue 2 April 2017 pp 323-335 Research Article. Analysing the Wu metric on a class of eggs in C C n – I · G P BALAKUMAR PRACHI MAHAJAN · More Details Abstract Fulltext ...

  13. Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences. G P BALAKUMAR. Articles written in Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences. Volume 127 Issue 2 April 2017 pp 323-335 Research Article. Analysing the Wu metric on a class of eggs in C C n – I · G P BALAKUMAR PRACHI MAHAJAN · More Details Abstract Fulltext ...

  14. Relationships between Ethnic Minority Psychological Associations and Counseling Psychology: Three New Frameworks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forrest, Linda; Lau, Michael Y.; Delgado-Romero, Edward A.

    2012-01-01

    In this rejoinder the authors respond to the three reactions to the major contribution, "Ethnic Minority Psychological Associations: Connections to Counseling Psychology," provided by Chung and Wu, Neville, Flores, and Dobson, and Yakushko, Wang, and Warrior. In their thoughtful reactions, these current and past leaders of the Society of…

  15. Embryotoxicity and teratogenicity study with γ-cyclodextrin in rats

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Waalkens-Berendsen, D.H.; Verhagen, F.J.J.; Bär, A.

    1998-01-01

    The embryotoxicity/teratogenicity of γ-cyclodextrin (γ-CD) was examined in Wistar Crl:(WI)WU BR rats. γ-CD was fed at dietary concentrations of 0, 1.5, 5, 10, and 20% to groups of 25 pregnant female rats from day 0 to 21 of gestation. A comparison group received a diet with 20% lactose. The

  16. Embryotoxicity and teratogenicity study with α-cyclodextrin in rats

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Waalkens-Berendsen, D.H.; Bär, A.

    2004-01-01

    The embryotoxicity/teratogenicity of α-cyclodextrin (α-CD) was examined in Wistar Crl:(WI)WU BR rats. α-CD was fed at dietary concentrations of 0, 1.5, 5, 10, or 20% to groups of 25 pregnant female rats from day 0 to 21 of gestation. An additional group received a diet with 20% lactose. The

  17. Developmental toxicity study of vegetable oil-derived stanol fatty acid esters

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Slesinski, R.S.; Turnbull, D.; Frankos, V.H.; Wolterbeek, A.P.M.; Waalkens-Berendsen, D.H.

    1999-01-01

    In a standard developmental toxicity study, a mixture of vegetable oil- derived stanol fatty acid esters was administered in the diet to groups of 28 mated female HsdCpb:WU Wistar rats at concentrations that provided 0, 1, 2.5, and 5% total stanols (equivalent to 0, 1.75, 4.38, and 8.76% plant

  18. Download this PDF file

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    cadewumi

    Wu-Ling-San (WLS) formula has been proved to prevent calcium oxalate nephrolithiasis both in vitro and in vivo. This is the first prospective, randomized and placebo-controlled clinical trial of WLS in calcium oxalate nephrolithiasis prevention. All patients who enrolled were asked to drink enough fluid to urinate at least 2 L ...

  19. Bilateral concomitant intravitreal anti-vascular endothelial growth ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2015-11-18

    Nov 18, 2015 ... Arevalo JF, Fromow-Guerra J, Quiroz-Mercado H, Sanchez JG, Wu L, Maia M, et al. Primary intravitreal bevacizumab (Avastin) for diabetic macular edema: Results from the Pan-American Collaborative Retina Study Group at 6-month follow-up. Ophthalmology 2007;114:743-50. 4. Lalwani GA, Rosenfeld PJ ...

  20. Microwave-assisted synthesis of high-loading, highly dispersed Pt ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    carbon nanofiber, and tungsten carbide were studied as cat- alyst supports. Recently carbon aerogel (CA) has attracted attention as a new support material for electrocatalysts for fuel cells. Carbon aerogel is a new kind of carbon material. (Pekala 1989; Saliger et al 1998; Maldonado-Hodar et al. 1999; Liang et al 2000; Wu ...