Sample records for woods-saxon alpha-nucleus potentials

  1. Molecular versus squared Woods-Saxon alpha-nucleus potentials in the sup 2 sup 7 Al(alpha, t) sup 2 sup 8 Si reaction

    CERN Document Server

    Abdullah, M N A; Tariq, A S B; Mahbub, M S; Mondal, A S; Uddin, M A; Basak, A K; Gupta, H M S; Malik, F B


    The differential cross-section of the sup 2 sup 7 Al(alpha, t) sup 2 sup 8 Si reaction for 64.5 MeV incident energy has been reanalysed in DWBA with full finite range using a squared Woods-Saxon (Michel) alpha-nucleus potential with the modified value of the depth parameter alpha = 2.0 as reported in a comment article by Michel and Reidemeister. This new value produces significant improvement in fitting the data of the reaction with its overall performance, in some cases, close to that previously observed for the molecular potential. Although the non-monotonic shallow molecular potential with a soft repulsive core and the Michel potentials produce the same quality fits to the elastic scattering and non-elastic processes, they are not phase equivalent. The two types of potential produce altogether different cross-sections, particularly at large reaction angles. The importance of the experimental cross-sections at large angles for both elastic scattering and non-elastic processes is elucidated.

  2. Nuclear radii from a nonlocal Woods-Saxon potential

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nojarov, R.


    It is found that the nonlocality, introduced in the Woods-Saxon potential through an energy-independent effective mass approximation under the condition to keep unchanged the levels around the nuclear surface, gives rise, at msup(*)approx.=0.9 m, to a 5% increase in the RMS radii of nuclei from the mass zones A=155, 165, 173, 181, leading to a better agreement with the experiment. Thus, the nonlocality induces an increase in the mean-square radius leaving the mean kinetic energy almost unaffected.

  3. Dirac Particle for the Position Dependent Mass in the Generalized Asymmetric Woods-Saxon Potential

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soner Alpdoğan


    Full Text Available The one-dimensional Dirac equation with position dependent mass in the generalized asymmetric Woods-Saxon potential is solved in terms of the hypergeometric functions. The transmission and reflection coefficients are obtained by considering the one-dimensional electric current density for the Dirac particle and the equation describing the bound states is found by utilizing the continuity conditions of the obtained wave function. Also, by using the generalized asymmetric Woods-Saxon potential solutions, the scattering states are found out without making calculation for the Woods-Saxon, Hulthen, cusp potentials, and so forth, which are derived from the generalized asymmetric Woods-Saxon potential and the conditions describing transmission resonances and supercriticality are achieved. At the same time, the data obtained in this work are compared with the results achieved in earlier studies and are observed to be consistent.

  4. Parameters of a cylindrical Woods-Saxon potential for the rare-earth region

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nojarov, R.


    A connection is established between the parameters of two widely used realisations of the deformed axially symmetric Woods-Saxon potential - the spherical coordinates Dubna version and the cylindrical coordinates Copenhagen version. The parameters of the latter version version are determined for the mass zones A = 155, 165, 173 and 181 by a fit to the single-particle levels of the former version but a larger nuclear radius (rsup(n)/sub 0/=1.30 fm, rsup(p)/sub 0/=1.28 fm) is introduced in order to better reproduce the experimental RMS radii.

  5. Calculating broad neutron resonances in a cut-off Woods-Saxon potential

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baran, A.; Noszaly, Cs. [Faculty of Informatics, University of Debrecen, PO Box 12, Debrecen (Hungary); Salamon, P. [Hungarian Academy of Sciences (ATOMKI), Institute for Nuclear Research, PO Box 51, Debrecen (Hungary); Vertse, T. [Faculty of Informatics, University of Debrecen, PO Box 12, Debrecen (Hungary); Hungarian Academy of Sciences (ATOMKI), Institute for Nuclear Research, PO Box 51, Debrecen (Hungary)


    In a cut-off Woods-Saxon (CWS) potential with realistic depth S -matrix poles being far from the imaginary wave number axis form a sequence where the distances of the consecutive resonances are inversely proportional with the cut-off radius value, which is an unphysical parameter. Other poles lying closer to the imaginary wave number axis might have trajectories with irregular shapes as the depth of the potential increases. Poles being close repel each other, and their repulsion is responsible for the changes of the directions of the corresponding trajectories. The repulsion might cause that certain resonances become antibound and later resonances again when they collide on the imaginary axis. The interaction is extremely sensitive to the cut-off radius value, which is an apparent handicap of the CWS potential. (orig.)

  6. Bound States of the Klein-Gordon Equation for Woods-Saxon Potential With Position Dependent Mass


    Arda, Altug; Sever, Ramazan


    The effective mass Klein-Gordon equation in one dimension for the Woods-Saxon potential is solved by using the Nikiforov-Uvarov method. Energy eigenvalues and the corresponding eigenfunctions are computed. Results are also given for the constant mass case.

  7. Systematics of $\\alpha$--nucleus optical potentials


    Mohr, P; Abele, H.; Atzrott, U.; Staudt, G.; Bieber, R; Grün, K.; Oberhummer, H.; Rauscher, T.; Somorjai, E.


    Double--folded optical $\\alpha$--nucleus potentials can be used to calculate elastic scattering cross sections in a wide mass-- and energy region. Because of the systematic behavior of the potential parameters we are able to obtain reliable optical potentials for astrophysically relevant reactions even without scattering data in low--energy region. As example we analyze the capture reaction ${^{144}{\\rm Sm}}(\\alpha,\\gamma){^{148}{\\Gd}}$.

  8. Properties of an α Particle in a Bohrium 270 Nucleus under the Generalized Symmetric Woods-Saxon Potential

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bekir Can LÜTFÜOĞLU


    Full Text Available The energy eigenvalues and the wave functions of an α particle in a Bohrium 270 nucleus have been calculated by solving Schrödinger equation for Generalized Symmetric Woods-Saxon potential. Using the energy spectrum by excluding and including the quasi-bound eigenvalues, entropy, internal energy, Helmholtz energy, and specific heat, as functions of reduced temperature have been calculated. Stability and emission characteristics have been interpreted in terms of the wave and thermodynamic functions. The kinetic energy of a decayed α particle was calculated using the quasi-bound states, which has been found close to the experimental value.

  9. Comparative Effect of an Addition of a Surface Term to Woods-Saxon Potential on Thermodynamics of a Nucleon (United States)

    Lütfüoğlu, B. C.


    In this study, we reveal the difference between Woods-Saxon (WS) and Generalized Symmetric Woods-Saxon (GSWS) potentials in order to describe the physical properties of a nucleon, by means of solving Schrödinger equation for the two potentials. The additional term squeezes the WS potential well, which leads an upward shift in the spectrum, resulting in a more realistic picture. The resulting GSWS potential does not merely accommodate extra quasi bound states, but also has modified bound state spectrum. As an application, we apply the formalism to a real problem, an α particle confined in Bohrium-270 nucleus. The thermodynamic functions Helmholtz energy, entropy, internal energy, specific heat of the system are calculated and compared for both wells. The internal energy and the specific heat capacity increase as a result of upward shift in the spectrum. The shift of the Helmholtz free energy is a direct consequence of the shift of the spectrum. The entropy decreases because of a decrement in the number of available states. Supported by the Turkish Science and Research Council (TÜBİTAK) and Akdeniz University

  10. Approximate bound-states solution of the Dirac equation with some thermodynamic properties for the deformed Hylleraas plus deformed Woods-Saxon potential (United States)

    Onyeaju, M. C.; Ikot, A. N.; Onate, C. A.; Ebomwonyi, O.; Udoh, M. E.; Idiodi, J. O. A.


    The Pekeris approximate scheme is introduced to deal with the centrifugal term in a Dirac equation with the deformed Hylleraas plus Woods-Saxon (DHWS) potential model. The relativistic energy solutions for the spin and pseudospin symmetries are obtained via the Nikiforov-Uvarov (NU) method. In the non-relativistic limits we calculated the thermodynamics properties for some selected diatomic molecules.

  11. Calculations on the threshold anomaly of weakly bound projectiles with Sao Paulo and Woods-Saxon polarization potentials

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gomez-Camacho, A; Aguilera, E F; Martinez-Quiroz, E [Departamento de Aceleradores, Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares, Apartado Postal 18-1027, C.P. 11801, Mexico, D.F. (Mexico); Gomes, P R S; Lubian, J [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade Federal Fluminenese, Avenida Litoranea s/n, Gragoata, Niteroi, RJ, cep 24210-340 (Brazil); Canto, L F, E-mail: arturo.gomez@inin.gob.m [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, C.P. 68528, Rio de Janeiro, R.J., cep 21941-972 (Brazil)


    A thorough study of the energy dependence of the nuclear optical potential in reactions involving the weakly bound projectiles {sup 8}B, {sup 7}Be and {sup 6}Li on the target {sup 58}Ni and {sup 9}Be on {sup 27}Al is carried out by performing a {chi}{sup 2}-analysis of recent measurements of elastic scattering cross sections for energies around and above the Coulomb barrier. For this purpose two different potential types are used: the double folding Sao Paulo potential and the Woods-Saxon potential. The calculations performed for the energy dependence of the real and imaginary parts of the polarization potentials show that these potentials besides satisfying the dispersion relation, for some nuclear systems the uncertainties on the energy dependence of the polarization potentials allow to conclude that these systems present a behavior consistent with the Breakup Theshold Anomaly. In other cases, due to the large uncertainties, it is not possible to make a definitive conclusion about the anomalies.

  12. Single particle calculations for a Woods Saxon potential with triaxial deformations, and large Cartesian oscillator basis (new version code) (United States)

    Mohammed-Azizi, B.; Medjadi, D. E.


    We present a new version of the computer program which solves the Schrödinger equation of the stationary states for an average nuclear potential of Woods-Saxon type. In this work, we take specifically into account triaxial (i.e. ellipsoidal) nuclear surfaces. The deformation is specified by the usual Bohr parameters. The calculations are carried out in two stages. In the first, one calculates the representative matrix of the Hamiltonian in the Cartesian oscillator basis. In the second stage one diagonalizes this matrix with the help of subroutines of the EISPACK library. This new version calculates all the eigenvalues up to a given cutoff energy, and gives the components of the corresponding eigenfunctions. For a more convenient handling, these results are stored simultaneously in the computer memory, and on a files. Program summaryTitle of program:Triaxial2007 Catalogue identifier:ADSK_v2_0 Program summary URL: Program obtainable from: CPC Program Library, Queen's University of Belfast, N. Ireland Summary of revision:One input file instead two. Reduced number of input parameters. Storage of eigenvalues and eigenvectors in memory in a very simple way which makes the code very convenient to the user. Reasons for the new version: More convenient handling of the eigenvectors Catalogue number old version: ADSK Catalogue number new version:ADSK_v2_0 Journal: Computer Physics Commun. 156 (2004) 241-282 Licensing provisions: none Computer: PC Pentium 4, 2600 MHz Hard disk: 40 Gb RAM: 256 Mb Swap file: 4 Gb Operating system: WINDOWS XP Software used: Compaq Visual FORTRAN (with full optimizations in the settings project options) Programming language used:Fortran 77/90 (double precision) Number of bits in a word: 32 No. of lines in distributed program, including test data, etc.:4058 No. of bytes in distributed program, including test data, etc.:75 590 Distribution format:tar.gz Nature of the problem: The single particle energies

  13. alpha-nucleus optical potential measurements for the astrophysical p-process

    CERN Document Server

    Fülöp, Z; Somorjai, E; Máté, Z; Zolnai, L; Galaviz, D; Babilon, M; Hillier, R; Mohr, P J; Zilges, A


    The heavy, proton-rich nuclei (p-nuclei) are produced by the so called astrophysical p-process during the explosive nucleosynthesis of massive stars. The (gamma,alpha) reaction rates show a strong dependence on the chosen alpha-nucleus potential, which makes them of special interest. Using this technique, the alpha-nucleus potentials of two proton rich nuclei ( sup 1 sup 4 sup 4 Sm and sup 9 sup 2 Mo) have been determined in the ATOMKI in the recent years [1,2]. These potentials have been used to calculate the (alpha,gamma) reaction cross sections, and their inverse (gamma,alpha) reaction rates can be calculated using detailed balance. (R.P.)

  14. Propriety of Approximation for Calculations of Nuclear Matrix Elements by Woods-Saxon Wave Functions

    CERN Document Server

    Utamuratov, R K; Nasirov, A K


    Single-particle matrix elements of nucleon transfer were calculated by Woods--Saxon potential wave functions and results are compared with ones calculated by spherical well approximation. The application of the approximation of the mean-field of nuclei at heavy-ion collisions by the spherical well, which is widely used in the model based on dinuclear concept, is proved.

  15. Improved global alpha-optical model potentials at low energies

    CERN Document Server

    Demetriou, P; Goriely, S


    Many nuclear astrophysics applications involve radiative alpha-particle captures, alpha decays and alpha-particle transfer reactions. Theoretical estimates of the corresponding reaction rates within the framework of the statistical model of Hauser-Feshbach remain highly uncertain due to the poor knowledge of the alpha-nucleus optical model potential, especially at low energies far below the Coulomb barrier. In the present paper we propose a new global alpha-optical potential that takes into account the strong energy dependence and nuclear structure effects that characterize the alpha-nucleus interaction. The real part of the potential is calculated using a double-folding procedure over the M3Y effective nucleon-nucleon interaction. A Woods-Saxon potential is used for the imaginary potential where now a new parameterization is introduced to describe its energy dependence. The influence of purely volume absorption or volume plus surface absorption on the description of the experimental data is investigated. Fin...

  16. Microscopic study of superdeformed rotational bands in sup 1 sup 5 sup 1 Tb 21.60.Ev; 21.10.Re; 21.60.Jz; 27.70.+q; Superdeformation; Pairing; Hartree-Fock method; Woods-Saxon potential; Dynamical moments

    CERN Document Server

    El-Aouad, N; Dudek, J; Li, X; Luo, W D; Molique, H; Bouguettoucha, A; Byrski, T; Beck, F A; Curien, D; Duchêne, G; Finck, C; Kharraja, B


    Structure of eight experimentally known superdeformed bands in the nucleus sup 1 sup 5 sup 1 Tb is analyzed using the results of the Hartree-Fock and Woods-Saxon cranking approaches. It is demonstrated that far going detailed similarities between the two approaches exist and predictions related to the structure of rotational bands calculated within the two models are nearly parallel. An interpretation scenario for the structure of the superdeformed bands is presented and predictions related to the exit spins are made. Small but systematic discrepancies between experiment and theory, analyzed in terms of the dynamical moments, J sup ( sup 2 sup ) , are shown to exist. These discrepancies can be parametrized in terms of a scaling factor f, such that modifications J sup ( sup 1 sup ) sup , sup ( sup 2 sup )->fJ sup ( sup 1 sup ) sup , sup ( sup 2 sup ) together with the implied scaling of the frequencies omega->f sup - sup 1 omega, correspond systematically better with the experimental data (f approx =0.9) for b...

  17. Comparative study of alpha + nucleus elastic scattering using different models (United States)

    Al-Ghamdi, A. H.; Ibraheem, Awad A.; El-Azab Farid, M.


    The alpha (α) elastic scattering from different targets potential over the energy range 10-240 MeV has been analyzed in the framework of the single-folding (SF) optical model. Four targets are considered, namely, 24Mg, 28Si, 32S and 40Ca. The SF calculations for the real central part of the nuclear optical potential are performed by folding an effective α-α interaction with the α-cluster distribution density in the target nucleus. The imaginary part of the optical potential is expressed in the phenomenological Woods-Saxon (WS) form. The calculated angular distributions of the elastic scattering differential cross-section using the derived semimicroscopic potentials successfully reproduce 36 sets of data all over the measured angular ranges. The obtained results confirm the validity of the α-cluster structure of the considered nuclei. For the sake of comparison, the same sets of data are reanalyzed using microscopic double-folded optical potentials based upon the density-dependent Jeukenne-Lejeune-Mahaux (JLM) effective nucleon-nucleon interaction.

  18. Model-unrestricted scattering potentials for light ions and their interpretation in the folding model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ermer, M.; Clement, H.; Frank, G.; Grabmayr, P.; Heberle, N.; Wagner, G.J.


    High-quality data for elastic proton, deuteron and /alpha/-particle scattering on /sup 40/Ca and /sup 208/Pb at 26-30 MeV/N have been analyzed in terms of the model-unrestricted Fourier-Bessel concept. While extracted scattering potentials show substantial deviations from Woods-Saxon shapes, their real central parts are well described by folding calculations using a common effective nucleon-nucleon interaction with a weak density dependence. (orig.).

  19. Analysis of Deuteron-Nucleus Scattering Using Sao Paulo Potential (United States)

    Ibraheem, Awad A.


    Deuteron elastic and inelastic scattering from 6Li, 12C, 16O, 24Mg, 32S, 50V, 58Ni, 70Ge, 90Zr, and 116Sn targets at different incident energies have been analyzed. Both Phenomenological Woods-Saxon and double-folding optical model potentials have been used. The folding calculations were based upon the Sao Paulo potential. A semi-microscopic representation has been proposed to study the effect of the dynamic polarization potential. Comparisons between our results and measured angular distributions of the differential cross sections showed a pronounced success of our theoretical predictions. The corresponding reaction cross sections have also been investigated.

  20. lambda. and. sigma. single-particle potentials with density-dependent effective interactions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kohno, Michio


    Single-particle potentials experienced by the ..lambda.. and ..sigma.. in nuclei are calculated in a parameter-free way, using a microscopic density-dependent effective hyperon-nucleon interaction. The mean field becomes non-local because of the Majorana exchange character of the effective force. For the ..lambda.., single particle spectra are similar to those obtained from a standard Woods-Saxon potential, while the r.m.s. radii are systematically larger due to non-locality effects. For the ..sigma.., the calculated potential is much weaker. No bound p-state is predicted in light ..sigma.. hypernuclear systems.

  1. Effects of α-cluster potentials for the O16+O16 fusion reaction and S factor (United States)

    Kocak, G.; Karakoc, M.; Boztosun, I.; Balantekin, A. B.


    A joint analysis of the elastic-scattering angular distributions and fusion cross sections together with the S factor for the O16+O16 system near and below the Coulomb barrier is reported. To describe these observables within the framework of the optical model, a comparative study of microscopic α-α double-folding clusters and phenomenological shallow potentials with surface-transparent imaginary parts is performed. Although the phenomenological Woods-Saxon type of shallow real potentials is unable to provide a consistent explanation of these data, the α-α double-folding cluster potential obtained by considering the α-cluster structure of O16 provides a considerable improvement. The α-α double-folding cluster potential also reproduces the normalized resonant energy states of S32 for the N=24 cluster band.

  2. The Nuclear Potential in Heavy-Ion Fusion (United States)

    Dasgupta, M.; Hinde, D.; Newton, J. O.; Hagino, K.

    Fits to high precision fusion cross-sections even for ZPZT Woods-Saxon potential of ≃1~fm, which is much larger than the commonly accepted value of ≃~0.65 fm. However, use of large values of a necessarily makes the potential pocket very shallow for realistic values of the nuclear potential depth. For larger values of angular momenta the pocket disappears, and a fusion barrier energy or radius can no longer be defined. In the absence of a potential pocket, fusion does not occur in the commonly used realistic coupled channels code CCFULL where fusion is calculated by applying an incoming wave boundary condition at the position of the minimum of the attractive pocket. For this reason, realistic coupled channels calculations with large values of a have needed unrealistically deep nuclear potentials. Once the potential depth is constrained to reasonable values, the data cannot be explained by simply changing the diffuseness of the nuclear potential. This indicates the necessity to go beyond the potential model, and incorporate dynamical effects as the two nuclei move towards fusion, even for light systems with ZPZT < 1000.

  3. Analytical solutions for the radial Scarf II potential (United States)

    Lévai, G.; Baran, Á.; Salamon, P.; Vertse, T.


    The real Scarf II potential is discussed as a radial problem. This potential has been studied extensively as a one-dimensional problem, and now these results are used to construct its bound and resonance solutions for l = 0 by setting the origin at some arbitrary value of the coordinate. The solutions with appropriate boundary conditions are composed as the linear combination of the two independent solutions of the Schrödinger equation. The asymptotic expression of these solutions is used to construct the S0 (k)s-wave S-matrix, the poles of which supply the k values corresponding to the bound, resonance and anti-bound solutions. The location of the discrete energy eigenvalues is analyzed, and the relation of the solutions of the radial and one-dimensional Scarf II potentials is discussed. It is shown that the generalized Woods-Saxon potential can be generated from the Rosen-Morse II potential in the same way as the radial Scarf II potential is obtained from its one-dimensional correspondent. Based on this analogy, possible applications are also pointed out.

  4. One-proton radioactivity in a typical shell model potential

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rodrigues, Martha Monique Nogueira; Duarte, Sergio Barbosa [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas (CBPF), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Teruya, Nilton [Universidade Federal da Paraiba (UFPB), Joao Pessoa, PB (Brazil). Dept. de Fisica


    Full text: Half-lives for proton emitter nuclei were determined by using a model based on the quantum-mechanical tunneling mechanism of penetration through a potential barrier. A typical shell model potential which includes the coulomb, spin-orbit and centrifugal contribution generate the barrier. Consequently, it is included the generic transition with any orbital angular moment value for the emitted proton. The nuclear radius and diffuseness parameters are determined as following the systematic also used in Ref. (E.L. Medeiros, M.M.N. Rodrigues, S.B. Duarte, and O.A.P. Tavares, Eur. Phys. J. A 34, 417 (2007) (1997). The depth of the nuclear Wood-Saxon potential was adjusted to reproduce the experimental decay energy of the decay in an attempt to determine the half-lives. The results are compared with that ones obtain by using others potential depth in the literature. The half life of around two tens of already detected proton emitters was determined. Our results are in quite good accordance with the experimental values, in particular, the half-life for the resonances of 11N also are in excellent agreement with microscopic calculations of continuum single-particle resonances in ref. (T. N. Leite, N. Teruya and H. Dias, Int. Jour. Mod. Phys. E, Vol. 11, 1 (2002)) and the experimental data of ref. (J. M. Oliveira Jr. et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4056 (2000)). (author)

  5. Deformed potential energy of $^{263}Db$ in a generalized liquid drop model

    CERN Document Server

    Chen Bao Qiu; Zhao Yao Lin; 10.1088/0256-307X/20/11/009


    The macroscopic deformed potential energy for super-heavy nuclei /sup 263/Db, which governs the entrance and alpha decay channels, is determined within a generalized liquid drop model (GLDM). A quasi- molecular shape is assumed in the GLDM, which includes volume-, surface-, and Coulomb-energies, proximity effects, mass asymmetry, and an accurate nuclear radius. The microscopic single particle energies derived from a shell model in an axially deformed Woods- Saxon potential with a quasi-molecular shape. The shell correction is calculated by the Strutinsky method. The total deformed potential energy of a nucleus can be calculated by the macro-microscopic method as the summation of the liquid-drop energy and the Strutinsky shell correction. The theory is applied to predict the deformed potential energy of the experiment /sup 22/Ne+/sup 241/Am to /sup 263/Db* to /sup 259/Db+4 n, which was performed on the Heavy Ion Accelerator in Lanzhou. It is found that the neck in the quasi-molecular shape is responsible for t...

  6. Microscopic and semi-classical treatments of octupole deformation in the light actinides

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chasman, R.R.


    Microscopic and semi-classical descriptions of octupole deformation are compared. New semi-classical results, obtained with the use of a Woods-Saxon potential are presented. Comparisons with experiment are made. 21 references.

  7. Potential for α -induced nuclear scattering, reaction and decay, and a resonance-pole-decay model with exact explicit analytical solutions (United States)

    Sahu, Basudeb; Bhoi, Swagatika


    The decay of α particle from a nucleus is viewed as a quantum resonance state of a two-body scattering process of the α +daughter nucleus pair governed by a novel nucleus-nucleus potential in squared Woods-Saxon form. By the application of the rigorous optical model (OM) potential scattering (S -matrix) theory the genuineness of the potential for the system is established by giving a good explanation of the elastic scattering and reaction cross sections data of the α +nucleus pair. From the pole position in the complex momentum (k ) plane of the S matrix of the real part of the OM potential defined above, the energy and width of the resonance state akin to the decaying state of emission of α particle are extracted and from this width, the result of the α -decay half-life is derived to account for the experimental result of the half-life in the cases of a large number of α emitters including heavy and superheavy nuclei. The S matrix of the real OM potential is replaced by an analytical function expressed in terms of exact Schrödinger solutions of a global potential that closely represents the real Coulomb-nuclear interaction in the interior and the pure Coulomb wave functions outside, and the resonant poles of this S matrix in the complex momentum plane are used to give satisfactory results of decay half-lives of α coming out from varieties of nuclei.

  8. Study of five-dimensional potential-energy surfaces for actinide isotopes by the macroscopic-microscopic method (United States)

    Fan, T. S.; Wang, Z. M.; Zhu, X.; Zhu, W. J.; Zhong, C. L.


    In this work, the nuclear potential-energy of the deformed nuclei as a function of shape coordinates is calculated in a five-dimensional (5D) parameter space of the axially symmetric generalized Lawrence shapes, on the basis of the macroscopic-microscopic method. The liquid-drop part of the nuclear energy is calculated according to the Myers-Swiatecki model and the Lublin-Strasbourg-drop (LSD) formula. The Woods-Saxon and the folded-Yukawa potentials for deformed nuclei are used for the shell and pairing corrections of the Strutinsky-type. The pairing corrections are calculated at zero temperature, T, related to the excitation energy. The eigenvalues of Hamiltonians for protons and neutrons are found by expanding the eigen-functions in terms of harmonic-oscillator wave functions of a spheroid. Then the BCS pair is applied on the smeared-out single-particle spectrum. By comparing the results obtained by different models, the most favorable combination of the macroscopic-microscopic model is known as the LSD formula with the folded-Yukawa potential. Potential-energy landscapes for actinide isotopes are investigated based on a grid of more than 4,000,000 deformation points and the heights of static fission barriers are obtained in terms of a double-humped structure on the full 5D parameter space. In order to locate the ground state shapes, saddle points, scission points and optimal fission path on the calculated 5D potential-energy surface, the falling rain algorithm and immersion method are designed and implemented. The comparison of our results with available experimental data and others' theoretical results confirms the reliability of our calculations.

  9. Planck constant/sup 4/-order variational Thomas-Fermi calculations of finite nuclei: The local case

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pi, M.; Vinas, X.; Garcias, F.; Barranco, M.


    We have solved the Planck constant/sup 4/-order Thomas-Fermi equations for a system of A nucleons in an external local potential. We present the results corresponding to Woods-Saxon and harmonic oscillator potentials for which the Thomas-Fermi results can be compared with Wigner-Kirkwood and Strutinsky averaged calculations.

  10. DFMSPH14: A C-code for the double folding interaction potential of two spherical nuclei (United States)

    Gontchar, I. I.; Chushnyakova, M. V.


    This is a new version of the DFMSPH code designed to obtain the nucleus-nucleus potential by using the double folding model (DFM) and in particular to find the Coulomb barrier. The new version uses the charge, proton, and neutron density distributions provided by the user. Also we added an option for fitting the DFM potential by the Gross-Kalinowski profile. The main functionalities of the original code (e.g. the nucleus-nucleus potential as a function of the distance between the centers of mass of colliding nuclei, the Coulomb barrier characteristics, etc.) have not been modified. Catalog identifier: AEFH_v2_0 Program summary URL: Program obtainable from: CPC Program Library, Queen's University, Belfast, N. Ireland. Licensing provisions: GNU General Public License, version 3 No. of lines in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 7211 No. of bytes in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 114404 Distribution format: tar.gz Programming language: C Computer: PC and Mac Operation system: Windows XP and higher, MacOS, Unix/Linux Memory required to execute with typical data: below 10 Mbyte Classification: 17.9 Catalog identifier of previous version: AEFH_v1_0 Journal reference of previous version: Comp. Phys. Comm. 181 (2010) 168 Does the new version supersede the previous version?: Yes Nature of physical problem: The code calculates in a semimicroscopic way the bare interaction potential between two colliding spherical nuclei as a function of the center of mass distance. The height and the position of the Coulomb barrier are found. The calculated potential is approximated by an analytical profile (Woods-Saxon or Gross-Kalinowski) near the barrier. Dependence of the barrier parameters upon the characteristics of the effective NN forces (like, e.g. the range of the exchange part of the nuclear term) can be investigated. Method of solution: The nucleus-nucleus potential is calculated using the double

  11. ATHENA-IV. Inelastic Scattering Form Factors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chwieroth, F.S.; Dodson, J.I.; Johnson, M.B.; Owen, L.W.; Satchler, G.R. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)


    ATHENA-IV computes form factors for inelastic scattering calculations, using single-particle wave functions that are eigenstates of motion in either a Woods-Saxon potential well or a harmonic oscillator well. Two-body forces of Gauss, Coulomb, Yukawa, and a sum of cut-off Yukawa radial dependences are available.

  12. Simultaneous measurement of angular distribution of elastic scattering for {sup 6}Li, {sup 7}Be, and {sup 8}B in {sup 58}Ni; Medida simultanea de Distribuciones Angulares de Dispersion Elastica para {sup 6}Li, {sup 7}Be, y {sup 8}B en {sup 58}Ni

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ruiz S, A. [Facultad de Ciencias, UAEM, Toluca, Estado de Mexico (Mexico); Martinez Q, E.; Aguilera R, E.F.; Murillo O, G.; Lizcano C, D.; Gomez C, A. [Departamento de Aceleradores, ININ, 52750 La Marquesa, Estado de Mexico (Mexico)


    The experimental angular distributions of elastic scattering for the projectiles {sup 6}Li, {sup 7}Be, {sup 8}B in {sup 58}Ni were obtained. Using the Optical model with a Woods-Saxon potential form, as much for the real part as for the imaginary one, an adjustment to the experimental data varying only the depth of the imaginary part of the potential is made. A comparison of the results obtained for each projectile is made. (Author)

  13. Microscopic calculation of the restoring force for scissor isovector vibrations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nojarov, R.; Bochnacki, Z.; Faessler, A.


    The restoring force for scissor isovector vibrations is calculated microscopically with the wave functions of an axially symmetric Woods-Saxon potential from a density-dependent symmetry energy. The experimental energies of the low-lying magnetic dipole states in rare-earth nuclei are well reproduced. It is found that only outer particles, which contribute to the nuclear moment of inertia, take part in this collective vibration. They are about half of the total number of nucleons.

  14. A shell model approach of the stability of nuclei against nucleon emission

    CERN Document Server

    Calboreanu, A


    The stability of nuclei with respect to nucleon emission is discussed in the frame of the shell model. It is assumed that a central potential of Woods-Saxon type capable of reproducing correctly and systematically the location of the single particle energies in the neighbourhood of the Fermi level for a large range of nuclei is capable of predicting those instances when the available bound states cannot accommodate more nucleons. (15 refs).

  15. Study of the elastic scattering of {sup 6}He on {sup 208}Pb at energies around the Coulomb barrier

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sanchez-Benitez, A.M. [Departamento de Fisica Aplicada, Universidad de Huelva, E-21071 Huelva (Spain); Centre de Recherches du Cyclotron, Universite Catholique de Louvain, B-1348 Louvain-la-Neuve (Belgium); Escrig, D. [Instituto de Estructura de la Materia, CSIC, E-28006 Madrid (Spain); Alvarez, M.A.G.; Andres, M.V. [Departamento de Fisica Atomica, Molecular y Nuclear, Universidad de Sevilla, E-41080 Sevilla (Spain); Angulo, C. [Centre de Recherches du Cyclotron, Universite Catholique de Louvain, B-1348 Louvain-la-Neuve (Belgium); Borge, M.J.G. [Instituto de Estructura de la Materia, CSIC, E-28006 Madrid (Spain); Cabrera, J. [Centre de Recherches du Cyclotron, Universite Catholique de Louvain, B-1348 Louvain-la-Neuve (Belgium); Cherubini, S. [INFN Laboratori Nazionali del Sud, I-95123 Catania (Italy); Demaret, P. [Centre de Recherches du Cyclotron, Universite Catholique de Louvain, B-1348 Louvain-la-Neuve (Belgium); Espino, J.M. [Dept. de Fisica Atomica, Molecular y Nuclear, Universidad de Sevilla, E-41080 Sevilla (Spain); Figuera, P. [INFN Laboratori Nazionali del Sud, I-95123 Catania (Italy); Freer, M. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham, B15 2TT Birmingham (United Kingdom); Garcia-Ramos, J.E. [Departamento de Fisica Aplicada, Universidad de Huelva, E-21071 Huelva (Spain); Gomez-Camacho, J. [Dept. de Fisica Atomica, Molecular y Nuclear, Universidad de Sevilla, E-41080 Sevilla (Spain); Gulino, M. [INFN Laboratori Nazionali del Sud, I-95123 Catania (Italy); Kakuee, O.R. [Van der Graaff Laboratory, Nuclear Research Centre, AEOI, PO Box 14155-1339, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Martel, I. [Dept. de Fisica Aplicada, Universidad de Huelva, E-21071 Huelva (Spain)], E-mail:; Metelko, C. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham, B15 2TT Birmingham (United Kingdom); Moro, A.M. [Dept. de Fisica Atomica, Molecular y Nuclear, Universidad de Sevilla, E-41080 Sevilla (Spain)] (and others)


    The elastic scattering of {sup 6}He on {sup 208}Pb has been measured at laboratory energies of 14, 16, 18 and 22 MeV. These data were analyzed using phenomenological Woods-Saxon form factors and optical model calculations. A semiclassical polarization potential was used to study the effect of the Coulomb dipole polarizability. Evidence for long range absorption, partially arising from Coulomb dipole polarizability, is reported. The energy variation of the optical potential was found to be consistent with the dispersion relations which connect the real and imaginary parts of the potential.

  16. Shell-model representation to describe α emission (United States)

    Delion, D. S.; Liotta, R. J.


    It is shown that the standard shell-model representation is inadequate to explain cluster decay processes due to a deficient asymptotic behavior of the corresponding single-particle wave functions. A new representation is proposed which is derived from a mean field consisting of the standard Woods-Saxon plus spin-orbit potential of the shell model, with an additional attractive pocket potential of a Gaussian form localized on the nuclear surface. The eigenvectors of this new mean field provide a representation which retains all the benefits of the standard shell model while at the same time reproducing well the experimental absolute α-decay widths from heavy nuclei.

  17. Klein-Gordon lower bound to the semirelativistic ground-state energy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hall, Richard L., E-mail: rhall@mathstat.concordia.c [Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Concordia University, 1455 de Maisonneuve Boulevard West, Montreal, Quebec, H3G 1M8 (Canada); Lucha, Wolfgang, E-mail: [Institute for High Energy Physics, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Nikolsdorfergasse 18, A-1050 Vienna (Austria)


    For the class of attractive potentials V(r)<=0 which vanish at infinity, we prove that the ground-state energy E of the semirelativistic Hamiltonian H=sq root(m{sup 2}+p{sup 2})+V(r) is bounded below by the ground-state energy e of the corresponding Klein-Gordon problem (p{sup 2}+m{sup 2})phi=(V(r)-e){sup 2}phi. Detailed results are presented for the exponential and Woods-Saxon potentials.

  18. Exact and approximate calculation of giant resonances

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vertse, T. [Magyar Tudomanyos Akademia, Debrecen (Hungary). Atommag Kutato Intezete; Liotta, R.J. [Royal Inst. of Tech., Stockholm (Sweden); Maglione, E. [Padua Univ. (Italy). Ist. di Fisica


    Energies, sum rules and partial decay widths of giant resonances in {sup 208}Pb are calculated solving exactly the continuum RPA equations corresponding to a central Woods-Saxon potential. For comparison an approximate treatment of those quantities in terms of pole expansions of the Green function (Berggren and Mittag-Leffler) is also performed. It is found that the approximated results agree well with the exact ones. Comparison with experimental data is made and a search for physically meaningful resonances is carried out. ((orig.))

  19. Possible splitting of the isovector vibrational state due to triaxiality

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Faessler, A.; Nojarov, R.; Zubik, S.


    A microscopic calculation of the restoring force for isovector scissor vibrations using the wave functions of a triaxial Woods-Saxon potential shows that the experimentally observed splitting of the isovector M1 state in /sup 164/Dy(50 keV), /sup 168/Er(70 keV) and /sup 174/Yb(200 keV) could be attributed to the presence of a possible small non-axially symmetric deformation (..gamma..=0.8/sup 0/, 1/sup 0/ and 3/sup 0/ respectively).

  20. Theoretical description of low-lying K/sup. pi. / = 1/sup +/ states in deformed nuclei

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Civitarese, O.; Faessler, A.; Nojarov, R.


    A systematic study of low-lying K/sup ..pi../ = 1/sup +/ states and M1 transitions has been performed for the deformed nuclei /sup 154/Sm, /sup 156/Gd, /sup 158/Gd /sup 164/Dy, /sup 168/Er, and /sup 174/Yb within the framework of the quasiparticle random phase approximation in axially symmetric deformed Woods-Saxon potentials. The model Hamiltonian includes a separable quadrupole-quadrupole spin-independent residual interaction. The theoretical results for 0/sup +/..-->..1/sup +/ M1 transitions in the rare-earth nuclei studied are shown to be in good agreement with the available experimental information.

  1. Decay study of 246Fm at SHIP (United States)

    Venhart, M.; Heßberger, F. P.; Ackermann, D.; Antalic, S.; Gray-Jones, C.; Greenlees, P. T.; Heinz, S.; Herzberg, R.-D.; Hofmann, S.; Ketelhut, S.; Kindler, B.; Kojouharov, I.; Leino, M.; Lommel, B.; Mann, R.; Papadakis, P.; Rostron, D.; Rudolph, D.; Šáro, Š.; Sulignano, B.


    The decay chain of 246Fm has been investigated employing the SHIP separator at GSI Darmstadt. The 246Fm nuclei were produced via the 40Ar(208Pb, 2n)246Fm fusion-evaporation reaction. Improved values of the half-life, T 1/2 = 1.54(4) s, and of the spontaneous fission branching ratio, b SF = 0.068(6) , of 246Fm were obtained. The β+_{} /electron capture branching ratio, b EC = 0.39(3) , of 242Cf was deduced. Possible structures of high- K states in 246Fm are discussed within the framework of a model calculation based on the Woods-Saxon potential.

  2. Octupole shapes and shape changes at high spins in the Z approx 58, N approx 88 nuclei

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nazarewicz, W. (Department of Physics, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida 32306 (United States) Joint Institute for Heavy Ion Research, Holifield Heavy Ion Research Facility, P.O. Box 2008, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States)); Tabor, S.L. (Department of Physics, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida 32306 (United States))


    The shapes of rotating Xe, Ba, Ce, Nd, and Sm nuclei (84{le}{ital N}{le}94) are calculated using the cranking model with the Woods-Saxon average potential and pairing. The lightest isotopes of Xe and Ba have nearly spherical ground states, but develop octupole and quadrupole deformations under rotation which remain up to very high spins. The ground states of the heavier isotopes have octupole and quadrupole deformations which persist up to medium spins ({ital I}{approx}12{h bar}). At higher spins, a shape transition is predicted to reflection-symmetric aligned many-quasiparticle configurations.

  3. Temperature effects on nuclear pseudospin symmetry in the Dirac-Hartree-Bogoliubov formalism (United States)

    Lisboa, R.; Alberto, P.; Carlson, B. V.; Malheiro, M.


    We present finite-temperature Dirac-Hartree-Bogoliubov (FTDHB) calculations for the tin isotope chain to study the dependence of pseudospin on the nuclear temperature. In the FTDHB calculation, the density dependence of the self-consistent relativistic mean fields, the pairing, and the vapor phase that takes into account the unbound nucleon states are considered self-consistently. The mean-field potentials obtained in the FTDHB calculations are fit by Woods-Saxon (WS) potentials to examine how the WS parameters are related to the energy splitting of the pseudospin pairs as the temperature increases. We find that the nuclear potential surface diffuseness is the main driver for the pseudospin splittings and that it increases as the temperature grows. We conclude that pseudospin symmetry is better realized when the nuclear temperature increases. The results confirm the findings of previous works using relativistic mean field theory at T =0 , namely that the correlation between the pseudospin splitting and the parameters of the Woods-Saxon potentials implies that pseudospin symmetry is a dynamical symmetry in nuclei. We show that the dynamical nature of the pseudospin symmetry remains when the temperature is considered in a realistic calculation of the tin isotopes, such as that of the Dirac-Hartree-Bogoliubov formalism.

  4. Fourier transforms of single-particle wave functions in cylindrical coordinates

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rizea, M. [National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering, ' ' Horia Hulubei' ' , Bucharest (Romania); Carjan, N. [National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering, ' ' Horia Hulubei' ' , Bucharest (Romania); Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, FLNR, Dubna, Moscow Region (Russian Federation); University of Bordeaux, CENBG, Gradignan (France)


    A formalism and the corresponding numerical procedures that calculate the Fourier transform of a single-particle wave function defined on a grid of cylindrical (ρ, z) coordinates is presented. Single-particle states in spherical and deformed nuclei have been chosen in view of future applications in the field of nuclear reactions. Bidimensional plots of the probability that the nucleon's momentum has a given value K = √(k{sub ρ}{sup 2}+k{sub z}{sup 2}) are produced and from them the K -distributions are deduced. Three potentials have been investigated: (a) a sharp surface spherical well (i.e., of constant depth), (b) a spherical Woods-Saxon potential (i.e., diffuse surface) and (c) a deformed potential of Woods-Saxon type. In the first case the momenta are as well defined as allowed by the uncertainty principle. Depending on the state, their distributions have up to three separated peaks as a consequence of the up to three circular ridges of the bidimensional probabilities plots. In the second case the diffuseness allows very low momenta to be always populated thus creating tails towards the origin (K = 0). The peaks are still present but not well separated. In the third case the deformation transforms the above mentioned circular ridges into ellipses thus spreading the K-values along them. As a consequence the K-distributions have only one broad peak. (orig.)

  5. Global transmission coefficients in Hauser-Feshbach calculations for astrophysics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rauscher, T. [Inst. fuer Physik, Univ. Basel, Basel (Switzerland)


    The current status of optical potentials employed in the prediction of thermonuclear reaction rates for astrophysics in the Hauser-Feshbach formalism is discussed. Special emphasis is put on {alpha}+nucleus potentials. Further experimental efforts are motivated. (orig.)

  6. High spin exotic states and new method for pairing energy; Etats exotiques a hauts spins et nouvelle methode pour l`energie d`appariement nucleaire

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Molique, H.


    We present a new method called `PSY-MB`, initially developed in the framework of abstract group theory for the solution of the problem of strongly interacting multi-fermionic systems with particular to systems in an external rotating field. The validity of the new method (PSY-MB) is tested on model Hamiltonians. A detailed comparison between the obtained solutions and the exact ones is performed. The new method is used in the study of realistic nuclear Hamiltonians based on the Woods-Saxon potential within the cranking approximation to study the influence of residual monopole pairing interactions in the rare-earth mass region. In parallel with this new technique we present original results obtained with the Woods-Saxon mean-field and the self-consistent Hartree-Fock approximation in order to investigate such exotic effects as octupole deformations and hexadecapole C{sub 4}-polarizing deformations in the framework of high-spin physics. By developing these three approaches in one single work we prepare the ground for the nuclear structure calculations of the new generation - where the residual two-body interactions are taken into account also in the weak pairing limit. (author). 2370refs.

  7. The 106Cd(alpha,alpha)106Cd elastic scattering in a wide energy range for gamma-process studies


    Ornelas, A.; Kiss, G.G.(Institute for Nuclear Research (MTA ATOMKI), Debrecen, H-4001, Hungary); Mohr, P; Galaviz, D.; Fülöp, Zs.; Gyürky, Gy.(Institute for Nuclear Research (MTA ATOMKI), Debrecen, H-4001, Hungary); Máté, Z.; Rauscher, T.; Somorjai, E.; Sonnabend, K.; Zilges, A.


    Alpha elastic scattering angular distributions of the 106Cd(alpha,alpha)106Cd reaction were measured at three energies around the Coulomb barrier to provide a sensitive test for the alpha + nucleus optical potential parameter sets. Furthermore, the new high precision angular distributions, together with the data available from the literature were used to study the energy dependence of the locally optimized {\\alpha}+nucleus optical potential in a wide energy region ranging from E_Lab = 27.0 Me...

  8. Interaction of 1p nuclei: Case of 14N+12C Elastic Scattering at 21.0 MeV (United States)

    Burtebayev, N.; Alimov, D.; Boztosun, I.; Burtebayeva, J.; Kerimkulov, Zh K.; Nassurlla, M.; Amangeldy, N.; Morzabayev, A. K.; Sakhiev, S. K.; Hamada, Sh


    Optical model analysis has been conducted for the elastic scattering of 1p-shell nuclei around the Coulomb barrier energies. We have used both microscopic double-folding and phenomenological potentials for the real part of the complex nuclear potential. The imaginary potential has the shape of phenomenological Wood-Saxon volume. The case 14N+12C for 1p-shell nuclei has been studied in detail and it is noticed that a large normalization of the strength of the double-folding real potential is needed to explain the structure observed in the experimental data. A good agreement between experimental data and theoretical results is obtained for the phenomenological potential case.

  9. Investigation of 16O+16O elastic scattering using the α-cluster folding model (United States)

    Hassanain, M. A.; Ibraheem, Awad A.; Al Sebiey, Shikha M. M.; Mokhtar, S. R.; Zaki, M. A.; Mahmoud, Zakaria M. M.; Behairy, K. O.; Farid, M. El-Azab


    Angular distributions of 16O+16O elastic scattering at energies that range from 124 to 1120 MeV have been analyzed in the framework of the double folding (DF) optical model. Based upon the α-cluster structure of the 16O nucleus, two different versions of the real DF optical potential have been generated by using three effective α-α, α-nucleon (N) and nucleon-nucleon (NN) interactions. A microscopic optical potential built upon the M3Y effective NN interaction and the matter density distribution of the 16O nucleus has also been extracted. The obtained real potentials, in conjunction with phenomenological squared Woods-Saxon imaginary parts, have successfully reproduced seven sets of elastic-scattering data. No renormalization of the real folded α-cluster potentials is required to fit the data. The energy dependence of the extracted real and imaginary volume integrals and total reaction cross section has also been investigated.

  10. Effects of Nuclear Incompressibility on Heavy-Ion Fusion (United States)

    Esbensen, Henning; Mişicu, Şerban


    We apply the coupled-channels technique to study the hindrance of fusion which has been observed at extreme sub-barrier energies in 64Ni+64Ni and 16O+208Pb collisions. The calculated fusion cross section is sensitive at extreme subbarrier energies to the ion-ion potential for overlapping nuclei but we are not able to reproduce the low-energy data when we apply a conventional Woods-Saxon or proximity type potential in the calculations. The data can, however, be explained quite well by applying the M3Y double-folding potential which has been corrected for the effect of the nuclear incompressibility. The correction is made by including a repulsive contact interaction in the double-folding procedure. This produces a thicker Coulomb barrier and rather shallow pocket in the entrance channel potential, and these two features make it possible to explain the fusion data at the lowest energies.

  11. Solution of the Cox-Thompson inverse scattering problem using finite set of phase shifts

    CERN Document Server

    Apagyi, B; Scheid, W


    A system of nonlinear equations is presented for the solution of the Cox-Thompson inverse scattering problem (1970 J. Math. Phys. 11 805) at fixed energy. From a given finite set of phase shifts for physical angular momenta, the nonlinear equations determine related sets of asymptotic normalization constants and nonphysical (shifted) angular momenta from which all quantities of interest, including the inversion potential itself, can be calculated. As a first application of the method we use input data consisting of a finite set of phase shifts calculated from Woods-Saxon and box potentials representing interactions with diffuse or sharp surfaces, respectively. The results for the inversion potentials, their first moments and asymptotic properties are compared with those provided by the Newton-Sabatier quantum inversion procedure. It is found that in order to achieve inversion potentials of similar quality, the Cox-Thompson method requires a smaller set of phase shifts than the Newton-Sabatier procedure.

  12. Cold fission from isomeric states of superheavy nuclei (United States)

    Sandulescu, A.; Mirea, M.


    Correlations between the potential energy surface structure and the mass distributions observed in the production of superheavy nuclei are evidenced. The isomeric states are identified by spanning the multidimensional configuration space from the contact point of the colliding nuclei up to the formation of the compound nucleus. The available degrees of freedom are the elongation, the necking, the mass asymmetry, and the deformations of the two colliding nuclei. Using the macroscopic-microscopic model based on the Woods-Saxon two-center shell model, several minima in the potential energy landscape were revealed. The fission process from these isomeric states was investigated and the probabilities of realization of possible partitions were calculated in the WKB approximation. The inertia was computed in the framework of the cranking model. The identified correlations indicate that the mass distribution attributed to quasifission in previous studies can be alternatively explained as a cold-fission process from excited states.

  13. Predictions for 232U cluster-decays within the macroscopic-microscopic approximation (United States)

    Mirea, Mihail; Sandulescu, Aureliu; Delion, Doru Sabin


    The decay dynamical path is determined within the macroscopic-microscopic model for the emission of 24Ne from 232U. The nuclear shape parametrization is characterized five degrees of freedom. The single particle energies and the nucleon wave functions are obtained within the superasymmetric Woods-Saxon two center shell model. It turns out that the cluster decay follows a potential magic valley, starting from the ground state of the parent and reaching a configuration of two touching nuclei at scission. A small pocket in the potential barrier is evidenced, as a result of large shell effects in the nascent fragments. The half-life is computed by using several approaches for the effective mass. It is shown that the inertia within by the Gaussian overlap approach gives the closest values to the experimental ones. Half-lives for different cluster decays are predicted. The theoretical values are compared to various phenomenological estimates.

  14. On the nuclear curvature energy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Durand, M. (Institut des Sciences Nucleaires, Univ. Joseph Fourier, 38 - Grenoble (France)); Schuck, P. (Institut des Sciences Nucleaires, Univ. Joseph Fourier, 38 - Grenoble (France)); Vinas, X. (Barcelona Univ. (Spain). Dept. de Estructura y Constituyentes de la Materia)


    The curvature energy coefficient of the nuclear mass formula [alpha][sub c] is first calculated for the model case of a Fermi gas bounded by an external Woods-Saxon potential. The semiclassical theory of Wigner and Kirkwood is used and [alpha][sub c] is found to be close to zero. It is, however, shown that this low value is due to the lack of selfconsistency of the potential. When available, the results of the model compare very well with quantal values and the extrapolation to the spherical cavity (billiard) checks with the value for [alpha][sub c] known from the Balian-Bloch theory. Second, the selfconsistent case is generalised to finite range forces. No indication is found that this modifies the fact that all theoretical values for [alpha][sub c] are larger than about 7 MeV which is an order of magnitude above the empirical value. (orig.)

  15. On the Role of Nuclear Surface in Heavy Ion Reaction Cross Section Formation

    CERN Document Server

    Lukyanov, V K; Zemlyanaya, E V


    The Glauber-Sitenko approach is developed for calculations of the nucleus-nucleus cross sections at intermediate energies on the basis of the analytic expression of the eikonal phase for the symmetrized Woods-Saxon potential. Calculations show that the differential elastic and total reaction cross sections occur in a good agreement with those obtained by numerical solutions of the wave equation. For the total reaction cross section, an instructive model of the phase is suggested that allows one to separate contributions from internal and peripheral regions of interaction. An important role of the surface is established in formation of the total cross section, and effects of the Coulomb field are studied, too. The nature of the continuous ambiguity of optical potentials is ascertained for interpreting experimental data.

  16. Improvements on Semi-Classical Distorted-Wave model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sun Weili; Watanabe, Y.; Kuwata, R. [Kyushu Univ., Fukuoka (Japan); Kohno, M.; Ogata, K.; Kawai, M.


    A method of improving the Semi-Classical Distorted Wave (SCDW) model in terms of the Wigner transform of the one-body density matrix is presented. Finite size effect of atomic nuclei can be taken into account by using the single particle wave functions for harmonic oscillator or Wood-Saxon potential, instead of those based on the local Fermi-gas model which were incorporated into previous SCDW model. We carried out a preliminary SCDW calculation of 160 MeV (p,p`x) reaction on {sup 90}Zr with the Wigner transform of harmonic oscillator wave functions. It is shown that the present calculation of angular distributions increase remarkably at backward angles than the previous ones and the agreement with the experimental data is improved. (author)

  17. Decay study of {sup 246}Fm at SHIP

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Venhart, M. [Comenius University, Department of Nuclear Physics and Biophysics, Bratislava (Slovakia); Slovak Academy of Sciences, Institute of Physics, Bratislava (Slovakia); Hessberger, F.P.; Ackermann, D.; Heinz, S.; Kindler, B.; Kojouharov, I.; Lommel, B.; Mann, R. [GSI Helmholtzzentrum fuer Schwerionenforschung GmbH, Darmstadt (Germany); Antalic, S.; Saro, S. [Comenius University, Department of Nuclear Physics and Biophysics, Bratislava (Slovakia); Gray-Jones, C.; Herzberg, R.D.; Papadakis, P. [University of Liverpool, Department of Physics, Liverpool (United Kingdom); Greenlees, P.T.; Ketelhut, S.; Leino, M. [University of Jyvaeskylae, Department of Physics, Jyvaeskylae (Finland); Hofmann, S. [GSI Helmholtzzentrum fuer Schwerionenforschung GmbH, Darmstadt (Germany); Goethe-Universitaet, Institut fuer Kernphysik, Frankfurt am Main (Germany); Rostron, D. [Goethe-Universitaet, Institut fuer Kernphysik, Frankfurt am Main (Germany); Rudolph, D. [Lund University, Department of Physics, Lund (Sweden); Sulignano, B. [CEA Saclay, DAPNIA/SPhN, Gif/Yvette Cedex (France)


    The decay chain of {sup 246}Fm has been investigated employing the SHIP separator at GSI Darmstadt. The {sup 246}Fm nuclei were produced via the {sup 40}Ar({sup 208}Pb, 2n){sup 246}Fm fusion-evaporation reaction. Improved values of the half-life, T{sub 1/2} = 1.54(4) s, and of the spontaneous fission branching ratio, b{sub SF} = 0.068(6), of {sup 246}Fm were obtained. The {beta}{sup +} /electron capture branching ratio, b{sub EC} = 0.39(3), of {sup 242}Cf was deduced. Possible structures of high-K states in {sup 246}Fm are discussed within the framework of a model calculation based on the Woods-Saxon potential. (orig.)

  18. Elastic scattering measurements for {sup 7}Be+{sup 27}Al system at RIBRAS facility

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Morcelle, V. [Instituto de Fisica - Universidade Federal Fluminense, 24210-346, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) and Depto de Fisica Nuclear, Universidade de Sao Paulo, C.P. 66318, 05389-970, Sao Paulo (Brazil); Lichtenthaeler, R.; Morais, M. C.; Lepine-Szily, A.; Guimaraes, V.; Faria, P. N. de; Gasques, L.; Pires, K. C. C.; Condori, R. P. [Depto de Fisica Nuclear, Universidade de Sao Paulo, C. P. 66318, 05389-970, Sao Paulo (Brazil); Gomes, P. R. S.; Lubian, J.; Mendes, D. R. Jr. [Instituto de Fisica - Universidade Federal Fluminense, 24210-346, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil); Barioni, A. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade Federal da Bahia, 40210-340, Bahia (Brazil); Shorto, J. M. B. [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares- IPEN, 05508-000, Sao Paulo (Brazil); Zamora, J. C. [Departament of Physics, Technische Universitaet Darmstadt (Germany)


    Elastic scattering angular distribution measurements of {sup 7}Be+{sup 27}Al system were performed at the laboratory energy of 15.6 MeV. The {sup 7}Be secondary beam was produced by the proton transfer reaction {sup 3}He({sup 6}Li,{sup 7}Be) and impinged on {sup 27}Al and {sup 197}Au targets, using the Radioactive Ion Beam (RIB) facility, RIBRAS. The elastic angular distribution was obtained within the angular range of 15{sup 0} - 80{sup 0} at the center of mass frame. Optical model calculations have been performed using the Woods- Saxon form factors and the Sao Paulo potential to fit the experimental data. The total reaction cross section was derived.

  19. Elastic scattering measurements of {sup 4},{sup 6}He+ {sup 58}Ni at energies near the Coulomb barrier

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Morcelle, V.; Lichtenthaeler, R.; Guimaraes, V.; Lepine-Szily, A.; Faria, P.N.; Camargo, O.; Barioni, A.; Mendes Junior, D.R.; Condori, R.P.; Zamora, J.C.; Morais, M.C.; Pires, K.C.C.; Scarduelli, V.; Leistenschneider, E.; Zagatto, V.A.B. [Universidade de Sao Paulo (USP), SP (Brazil); Shorto, J.M.B. [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)


    Full text: Elastic scattering angular distributions and total reaction cross sections of the neutron halo projectile nucleus {sup 6}He on a {sup 58}Ni target at energies around the Coulomb barrier are presented. The measurements were obtained at pelletron accelerator at the University of Sao Paulo (Brazil) and the {sup 6}He radioactive secondary beam has been produced in the RIBRAS system through the {sup 9}Be({sup 7}Li, {sup 6}He){sup 10}B production reaction. The elastic scattering angular distributions obtained at E{sub Lab}= 12.5, 16.5 and 21.0 MeV, have been analysed by using optical model, using the Sao Paulo and Wood-Saxon potentials and the respective total reaction cross sections have been obtained. The total reaction cross sections have been reduced using the Wong formula and the UFF equation and are compared with other stable and unstable systems from the literature. (author)

  20. Microscopic description of energy partition in fission fragments (United States)

    Mirea, M.


    The energy sorting at scission is treated fully microscopically in terms of the time dependent pairing equations. These equations for the intrinsic motion are mixed with a dynamical particle number projection condition on the primary fragments. The shape sequences during the disintegration resort from the minimal action principle. For this purpose, the potential energy is computed within the macroscopic-microscopic approach and the inertia within semi-adiabatic cranking approximation. The disentanglement of the wave function in two semi-spaces is realized within the Woods-Saxon two-center shell model. That allows a separation of the pairing field onto two sub-spaces. It is shown that the excitation energies of the fission fragments depend on a delicate interplay between their structure at and their deformations at scission.

  1. Fusion-fission probabilities, cross sections, and structure notes of superheavy nuclei (United States)

    Kowal, Michał; Cap, Tomasz; Jachimowicz, Piotr; Skalski, Janusz; Siwek-Wilczyńska, Krystyna; Wilczyński, Janusz


    Fusion - fission probabilities in the synthesis of heaviest elements are discussed in the context of the latest experimental reports. Cross sections for superheavy nuclei are evaluated using the "Fusion by Diffusion" (FBD) model. Predictive power of this approach is shown for experimentally known Lv and Og isotopes and predictions given for Z = 119, 120. Ground state and saddle point properties as masses, shell corrections, pairing energies, and deformations necessary for cross-section estimations are calculated systematically within the multidimensional microscopic-macroscopic method based on the deformed Woods-Saxon single-particle potential. In the frame of the FBD approach predictions for production of elements heavier than Z = 118 are not too optimistic. For this reason, and because of high instability of superheavy nuclei, we comment on some structure effects, connected with the K-isomerism phenomenon which could lead to a significant increase in the stability of these systems.

  2. Rotational isovector vibrations in titanium nuclei

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Faessler, A.; Nojarov, R.; Taigel, T.


    The strong M1 states with K/sup ..pi../ = 1/sup +/ in /sup 44,46,48,50/Ti are described microscopically with a deformed Woods-Saxon potential plus QRPA using a parameter-free self-consistent quadrupole force and an interaction, which restores the rotational symmetry. The available experimental data (energies, B(M1) values and (e,e') form factors in /sup 46,48/Ti) are well described in terms of isovector quadrupole rotational vibrations. These RPA states correspond to the scissor-type of isovector motion described by the two-rotor model, but they overlap only 20-30% with the collective isovector rotational state of this model since only few quasiparticle configurations take part in the RPA rotational vibration.

  3. Spin- and deformation-dependent orbital M1 strength in rare-earth nuclei

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sarriguren, P.; Moya de Guerra, E. (Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Madrid (Spain). Inst. de Estructura de la Materia); Nojarov, R.; Faessler, A. (Tuebingen Univ. (Germany). Inst. fuer Theoretische Physik)


    The M1 excitations in three isotope chains, [sup 142,146,148,150]Nd, [sup 144,148,150,152,154]Sm, and [sup 156,158]Gd, are studied within the quasi-particle random-phase approximation using a mean field given by a deformed Woods-Saxon potential and including quadrupole-quadrupole and spin-spin residual interactions. A residual rotation-vibration coupling ensures the exclusion of the spurious state. The behaviour of the M1 strength distribution is studied systematically in the whole range of experimentally explored excitation energies and compared with the large variety of experimental information. The double-peaked structure of the spin M1 strength distribution found experimentally in several nuclei is qualitatively reproduced and interpreted as isoscalar and isovector peaks. (author).

  4. Electroexcitation of rotational vibrations in sup 164 Dy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Scholtz, F.G.; Nojarov, R.; Faessler, A. (Institut fur Theoretische Physik, Universitat Tubingen, Auf der Morgenstelle 14, D-7400 Tubingen 1, Federal Republic of Germany (DE))


    We calculate the {ital M}1 spectrum and the distorted-wave Born-approximation ({ital e},{ital e}{prime}) form factors of the strong {ital K}{sup {pi}}=1{sup +} states in {sup 164}Dy, using a deformed Woods-Saxon potential and the quasiparticle random-phase approximation with quadrupole, spin, and spin-quadrupole interactions. A residual rotation-vibrational coupling ensures the exclusion of the spurious state. We find strongly orbital {ital M}1 states at 3.1 MeV which fit the experimental spectrum very well and exhaust 40% of the collectivity of the 1{sup +} mode. The form factor of the lowest one of these states is also in a good agreement with the experimental form factor.

  5. M1 strength and (e,e') form factors of sup 46,48 Ti within the RPA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nojarov, R.; Faessler, A.; Lipas, P.O. (Inst. fuer Theoretische Physik, Univ. Tuebingen (Germany))


    The abundant experimental information on low- and high-energy M1 excitations in {sup 46,48}Ti, obtained recently through (e, e'), (p, p') and ({gamma}, {gamma}') experiments, is well described within a quasiparticle RPA approach, based on a deformed Woods-Saxon potential plus spin-spin and quadrupole-quadrupole interactions. It includes a procedure which restores the rotational invariance of the hamiltonian. The low-lying strong M1 states overlap up to 36% with the scissors state of the two rotor model. These states, as well as some medium-energy 1{sup +} excitations, represent a weakly collective scissors motion, more pronounced in {sup 46}Ti than in {sup 48}Ti. The titanium isotopes offer a better approximation to the scissors state than do the heavy nuclei because in lighter nuclei the scissors state is less collective. (orig.).

  6. Exclusion of spuriousity through effective operators

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nojarov, R.; Faessler, A. (Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Universitaet Tuebingen, Auf der Morgenstelle 14, D-72076 Tuebingen (Germany))


    The method of Liu and Zamick for the exclusion of spurious [ital M]1 strength through effective operators is extended to isoscalar and isovector operators and applied to heavy deformed nuclei using a Woods-Saxon potential pairing. The isoscalar orbital strength is almost purely spurious and carries most of the total amount of spuriousity. The method gives the exact summed nonspurious strength, but becomes approximate when applied to single 1[sup +] excitations. The accuracy of this approximation is studied here by comparison with exact, rotationally invariant random-phase-approximation results. It is shown that for some residual interactions the approximate'' results can be very different from the exact ones even in the presence of relatively small changes in the [ital B]([ital M]1) values or close to the exact results even for large changes. Exact results are at present the only reliable test for the validity of approximate methods for the removal of spuriousity.

  7. Collective model for isovector quadrupole vibrations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nojarov, R.; Faessler, A.


    The vibrational model is extended by introducing isospin-dependent collective coordinates, permitting a description out-of-phase neutron-proton vibrations coupled by a density-dependent symmetry energy. The restoring force is calculated microscopically using the wavefunctions of a Woods-Saxon potential and the coupling with three-phonon states is taken into account. The model is able to describe the available experimental data (energies and multipole mixing ratios) on low-lying 2/sup +/ states, which were observed recently in nuclei near the shell closures (/sup 124/Te, /sup 140/Ba, /sup 142/Ce and /sup 144/Nd), supporting the identification of these states as isovector quadrupole vibrations and predicting such states in /sup 126 -130/ Te.

  8. On eigenvalue problems in quantum mechanics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Saha, Aparna; Talukdar, B [Department of Physics, Visva-Bharati University, Santiniketan 731235 (India); Das, Umapada, E-mail: [Department of Physics, Abhedananda College, Sainthia 731234 (India)


    To solve quantum mechanical eigenvalue problems using the algorithmic methods recently derived by Nikiforov and Uvarov (1988 Special Functions of Mathematical Physics (Basel: Birkhaeuser)) and Ciftci et al (2003 J. Phys. A: Math. Gen. 36 11807), one needs to first convert the associated wave equation into hypergeometric or closely related forms. We point out that once such forms are obtained, the eigenvalue problem can be satisfactorily solved by only imposing the condition that the regular infinite series solutions of the equations should become polynomials, and one need not take recourse to the use of the algorithmic methods. We first demonstrate the directness and simplicity of our approach by dealing with a few case studies and then present new results for the Woods-Saxon potential.

  9. Fusion-fission probabilities, cross sections, and structure notes of superheavy nuclei

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kowal Michał


    Full Text Available Fusion – fission probabilities in the synthesis of heaviest elements are discussed in the context of the latest experimental reports. Cross sections for superheavy nuclei are evaluated using the “Fusion by Diffusion” (FBD model. Predictive power of this approach is shown for experimentally known Lv and Og isotopes and predictions given for Z = 119, 120. Ground state and saddle point properties as masses, shell corrections, pairing energies, and deformations necessary for cross-section estimations are calculated systematically within the multidimensional microscopic-macroscopic method based on the deformed Woods-Saxon single-particle potential. In the frame of the FBD approach predictions for production of elements heavier than Z = 118 are not too optimistic. For this reason, and because of high instability of superheavy nuclei, we comment on some structure effects, connected with the K-isomerism phenomenon which could lead to a significant increase in the stability of these systems.

  10. Mass distribution of fission fragments within the Born-Oppenheimer approximation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pomorski, K.; Nerlo-Pomorska, B. [M.C.S. University, Department of Theoretical Physics, Lublin (Poland); Ivanyuk, F.A. [Institute for Nuclear Research, Kiev (Ukraine)


    The fission fragments mass-yield of {sup 236} U is obtained by an approximate solution of the eigenvalue problem of the collective Hamiltonian that describes the dynamics of the fission process whose degrees of freedom are: the fission (elongation), the neck and mass-asymmetry modes. The macroscopic-microscopic method is used to evaluate the potential energy surface. The macroscopic energy part is calculated using the liquid drop model and the microscopic corrections are obtained using a Woods-Saxon single-particle levels. The four-dimensional modified Cassini ovals shape parametrization is used to describe the shape of the fissioning nucleus. The mass tensor is taken within a cranking-type approximation. The final fragment mass distribution is obtained by weighting the adiabatic density distribution in the collective space with the neck-dependent fission probability. The neck degree of freedom is found to play a significant role in determining the final fragment mass distribution. (orig.)

  11. Shell energy in the heaviest nuclei using the Green's function oscillator expansion method

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cwiok, S.; Dudek, W.; Kaszynski, P. [Warsaw University of Technology, Institute of Physics, Warsaw (Poland); Nazarewicz, W. [University of Tennessee, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Knoxville, TN (United States); Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Physics Division, P.O. Box 2008, Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Warsaw University, Institute of Theoretical Physics, Warsaw (Poland)


    The Green's function oscillator expansion method and the generalized Strutinsky smoothing procedure are applied to shell corrections in the heaviest elements. A macroscopic-microscopic method with a finite deformed Woods-Saxon potential is used. The stability condition for the shell correction is discussed in detail and the parameters defining the smoothing procedure are carefully determined. It is demonstrated that the spurious contribution to the total binding energy due to the unphysical particle gas that appears in the standard method can be as large as 1.5 MeV for weakly bound neutron-rich superheavy nuclei, but the effect on energy differences (e.g., alpha-decay values) is fairly small. (orig.)

  12. Study of the nuclear structure of {sup 155}Eu; Estudo da estrutura nuclear do {sup 155}Eu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Genezini, Frederico Antonio


    The {sup 155}Eu nuclide was investigated by the directional angular correlation technique following the {beta} decay of {sup 155}Sm. The angular correlation measurements were carried out using a setup with 4 Ge detectors and a multi parametric data acquisition system. To perform the data analysis a new methodology was developed . The multipole mixing ratios of twenty sixty {gamma}- transitions were determined. Seven of them agreed with the results of earlier angular correlation studies and nineteen obtained for the first time confirmed the multipolarity suggested in earlier electron capture studies. Besides, the spin of the level at 1106.83 keV as well as the parity of the level at 1301.41 keV have also been suggested. The nuclear structure of {sup 155}Eu was discussed successfully in terms of the single particle model using a deformed Woods-Saxon potential plus residual pairing interaction permitting the description of the rotational quasi-proton band heads. (author)

  13. Proton emission from highly deformed nuclei

    CERN Document Server

    Delion, D S


    We give the description of proton emission involving transition between excited states of the even-even cores. The contribution of the rotational energy is properly taken into account. It is shown that the proton decay width is practically independent of the matching radius for a large interval of values. By using the universal parametrisation of the Woods-Saxon potential the agreement with the experimental data for the transitions between ground states is satisfactory. We show that the half-life to first excited state in sup 1 sup 3 sup 1 Eu is much more sensitive to the mean field parameters then the transition between ground states. The influence of the difference between the parent and daughter deformations is studied. (authors)

  14. Shell model based reaction rates for rp-process nuclei in the mass range A=44-63

    CERN Document Server

    Fisker, J L; Görres, J; Langanke, K; Martínez-Pinedo, G; Wiescher, M C


    We have used large-scale shell-model diagonalization calculations to determine the level spectra, proton spectroscopic factors, and electromagnetic transition probabilities for proton rich nuclei in the mass range A=44-63. Based on these results and the available experimental data, we calculated the resonances for proton capture reactions on neutron deficient nuclei in this mass range. We also calculated the direct capture processes on these nuclei in the framework of a Woods-Saxon potential model. Taking into account both resonant and direct contributions, we determined the ground-state proton capture reaction rates for these nuclei under hot hydrogen burning conditions for temperatures between 10 sup 8 and 10 sup 1 sup 0 K. The calculated compound-nucleus level properties and the reaction rates are presented here; the rates are also available in computer-readable format from the authors.

  15. Violent Potentials

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mikkelsen, Henrik Hvenegaard; Søgaard, Thomas Friis


    This article explores the social significance of violence as potentiality and performance among former headhunters. Taking its outset in an ethnographic study of violence and masculinity among the Philippine people known as the Bugkalot, we explore how violence as “performed violent potentiality...... today abandoned headhunting, the potentials for violence and dominance, which the act of headhunting sought to elicit, remains a critical aspect of masculinity. We propose that a focus on the social significance of performative violent potentiality among Bugkalot men can provide general insights...... that can also be used in other contexts to understand how men construct hegemonic masculinity by strategically adopting the interspace of civility and violence....

  16. Potential Theory

    CERN Document Server

    Lukeš, Jaroslav; Netuka, Ivan; Veselý, Jiří


    Within the tradition of meetings devoted to potential theory, a conference on potential theory took place in Prague on 19-24, July 1987. The Conference was organized by the Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University, with the collaboration of the Institute of Mathematics, Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences, the Department of Mathematics, Czech University of Technology, the Union of Czechoslovak Mathematicians and Physicists, the Czechoslovak Scientific and Technical Society, and supported by IMU. During the Conference, 69 scientific communications from different branches of potential theory were presented; the majority of them are in­ cluded in the present volume. (Papers based on survey lectures delivered at the Conference, its program as well as a collection of problems from potential theory will appear in a special volume of the Lecture Notes Series published by Springer-Verlag). Topics of these communications truly reflect the vast scope of contemporary potential theory. Some contributions deal...

  17. Violent potentials

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mikkelsen, Henrik Hvenegaard; Friis Søgaard, Thomas


    This article explores the social significance of violence as potentiality and performance among former headhunters engaged in ritual killings. Taking its outset in an ethnographic study of violence and masculinity among the Philippine people known as the Bugkalot, we explore how violence....... While most Bugkalot men have today abandoned headhunting, the potentials for violence and dominance, which the act of headhunting sought to elicit, remains a critical aspect of masculinity. We propose that a focus on the social significance of performative violent potentiality among Bugkalot men can...... provide general insights that can also be used in other contexts to understand how men construct hegemonic masculinity by strategically adopting the interspace of civility and violence....

  18. Potential theory

    CERN Document Server

    Helms, Lester L


    Potential Theory presents a clear path from calculus to classical potential theory and beyond, with the aim of moving the reader into the area of mathematical research as quickly as possible. The subject matter is developed from first principles using only calculus. Commencing with the inverse square law for gravitational and electromagnetic forces and the divergence theorem, the author develops methods for constructing solutions of Laplace's equation on a region with prescribed values on the boundary of the region. The latter half of the book addresses more advanced material aimed at those with the background of a senior undergraduate or beginning graduate course in real analysis. Starting with solutions of the Dirichlet problem subject to mixed boundary conditions on the simplest of regions, methods of morphing such solutions onto solutions of Poisson's equation on more general regions are developed using diffeomorphisms and the Perron-Wiener-Brelot method, culminating in application to Brownian motion. In ...

  19. Investigation of {sup 17}F+p elastic scattering at near-barrier energies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    El-Azab Farid, M. [Assiut University, Physics Department, Assiut (Egypt); Ibraheem, Awad A. [Al-Azhar University, Physics Department, Assiut (Egypt); King Khalid University, Physics Department, Abha (Saudi Arabia); Al-Hajjaji, Arwa S. [Taiz University, Physics Department, Taiz (Yemen)


    The {sup 17}F +p elastic scattering at two near-barrier energies of 3.5 and 4.3 MeV/nucleon, have been analyzed in the framework of the single folding approach. The folded potentials are constructed by folding the density-dependent (DDM3Y) effective nucleon-nucleon interaction over the nuclear density of the one-proton halo nucleus {sup 17}F. Two versions of the density are considered. In addition, two versions of the one-nucleon knock-on exchange potentials are introduced to construct the real microscopic potentials. The derived potentials supplemented by phenomenological Woods-Saxon imaginary and spin-orbit potentials produced excellent description of the differential elastic scattering cross sections at the higher energy without need to introduce any renormalization. At the lower energy, however, in order to successfully reproduce the data, it is necessary to reduce the strength of the constructed real DDM3Y potential by about 25% of its original value. Furthermore, good agreement with data is obtained using the extracted microscopic DDM3Y potentials for both real and imaginary parts. Moreover, the interesting notch test is applied to investigate the sensitivity of the elastic scattering cross section to the radial distribution of the constructed microscopic potentials. The extracted reaction (absorption) cross sections are, also, investigated. (orig.)

  20. Study of diffractive and refractive structure in the elastic sup 1 sup 6 O+ sup 1 sup 6 O scattering at incident energies ranging from 124 to 1120 MeV

    CERN Document Server

    Khoa, D T; Bohlen, H G; Nuoffer, F


    The experimental data on elastic sup 1 sup 6 O+ sup 1 sup 6 O scattering at incident energies ranging from 124 to 1120 MeV have been analyzed within the standard optical model (OM), using either the phenomenological (Woods-Saxon squared) potential or that calculated within the double-folding model for the real part of the optical potential. Structure of the elastic cross sections at smallest scattering angles was found to be of a pure diffractive nature, which enabled a consistent check of the absolute normalization of the elastic data under study. The OM analysis shows unambiguously the evolution of the refractive scattering pattern in the sup 1 sup 6 O+ sup 1 sup 6 O system over this energy range. The large angle region of the data is dominated by the refractive far-side scattering. The oscillating Airy structure can be consistently described by a set of optical potentials with the real part given by the folding model and a weak absorptive imaginary potential.

  1. Reaction cross sections and elastic scattering energy dependence around the Coulomb barrier for the {sup 7}Be+{sup 27}Al system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Morcelle, Viviane; Gomes, P.R.S.; Lubian, J.; Mendes Junior, D.R. [Universidade Federal Fluminense (UFF), Niteroi, RJ (Brazil); Lichtenthaeler, R.; Guimaraes, V.; Lepine-Szily, A.; Camargo, O.; Faria, P.N. de; Gasquez, L.; Morais, M.C.; Condori, R.P.; Pires, K.C.C.; Scarduelli, V. [Universidade de Sao Paulo (USP), SP (Brazil); Barioni, A. [Universidade Federal da Bahia (UFBA), Salvador, BA (Brazil); Shorto, J.M.B. [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Zamora, J.C. [Technische Universitaet Darmstadt (Germany); Aguilera, E.; Martinez-Quiroz, E. [Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares (Mexico); Kolata, J.; Jiang, H. [University of Notre Dame, IN (United States); Bechetti, F.D.; Lamm, L.O. [Michigan University, MI (United States); Lizcano, D. [Universidad Autonoma del Estado de Mexico (Mexico)


    Full text: Elastic scattering measurements were performed at energies around the Coulomb barrier at the Tandem Accelerators of the Sao Paulo (USP - Brazil ) and Notre Dame (UND - USA) Universities. The {sup 7}Be is a radioactive nucleus and has been produced by the reaction {sup 6}He({sup 6}Li,{sup 9}Be) and impinged on {sup 27}Al and {sup 197}Au secondary targets using a double superconducting systems RIBRAS ( USP ) and Twinsol (UND). The elastic scattering angular distributions were analyzed through the optical model calculations, using the Woods- Saxon form factors [1] and the Sao Paulo potential [2] to fit the experimental data. The total reaction cross sections were also derived and compared with others presented at the literature for other systems. In addition, a study of the nuclear potential energy dependence has been carried out in this work in the dispersion relation context. Due to the fact that {sup 7}Be has a small breakup threshold energy, the results can provide significant information of the influence of the breakup channel on the reactions involving this projectile. For this purpose, {chi}{sup 2}- data analysis with different kind of potentials were performed to identify the energy dependence of the real (V) and imaginary (W) parts of the potential. [1] L.C. Chamon et al., Phys. Rev. C 66, (2002) 014610. [2] R.D. Wood e D.S. Saxon, Phys. Rev. 95 ( 1954) 577. (author)

  2. Photonuclear reactions in astrophysical p-process: Theoretical calculations and experiment simulation based on ELI-NP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xu Yi


    Full Text Available The astrophysical p-process is an important way of nucleosynthesis to produce the stable and proton-rich nuclei beyond Fe which can not be reached by the s- and r-processes. In the present study, the astrophysical reaction rates of (γ,n, (γ,p, and (γ,α reactions are computed within the modern reaction code TALYS for about 3000 stable and proton-rich nuclei with 12 < Z < 110. The nuclear structure ingredients involved in the calculation are determined from experimental data whenever available and, if not, from global microscopic nuclear models. In particular, both of the Wood-Saxon potential and the double folding potential with density dependent M3Y (DDM3Y effective interaction are used for the calculations. It is found that the photonuclear reaction rates are very sensitive to the nuclear potential, and the better determination of nuclear potential would be important to reduce the uncertainties of reaction rates. Meanwhile, the Extreme Light Infrastructure-Nuclear Physics (ELI-NP facility is being developed, which will provide the great opportunity to experimentally study the photonuclear reactions in p-process. Simulations of the experimental setup for the measurements of the photonuclear reactions 96Ru(γ,p and 96Ru(γ,α are performed. It is shown that the experiments of photonuclear reactions in p-process based on ELI-NP are quite promising.

  3. Photonuclear reactions in astrophysical p-process: Theoretical calculations and experiment simulation based on ELI-NP (United States)

    Xu, Yi; Luo, Wen; Balabanski, Dimiter; Goriely, Stephane; Matei, Catalin; Tesileanu, Ovidiu


    The astrophysical p-process is an important way of nucleosynthesis to produce the stable and proton-rich nuclei beyond Fe which can not be reached by the s- and r-processes. In the present study, the astrophysical reaction rates of (γ,n), (γ,p), and (γ,α) reactions are computed within the modern reaction code TALYS for about 3000 stable and proton-rich nuclei with 12 structure ingredients involved in the calculation are determined from experimental data whenever available and, if not, from global microscopic nuclear models. In particular, both of the Wood-Saxon potential and the double folding potential with density dependent M3Y (DDM3Y) effective interaction are used for the calculations. It is found that the photonuclear reaction rates are very sensitive to the nuclear potential, and the better determination of nuclear potential would be important to reduce the uncertainties of reaction rates. Meanwhile, the Extreme Light Infrastructure-Nuclear Physics (ELI-NP) facility is being developed, which will provide the great opportunity to experimentally study the photonuclear reactions in p-process. Simulations of the experimental setup for the measurements of the photonuclear reactions 96Ru(γ,p) and 96Ru(γ,α) are performed. It is shown that the experiments of photonuclear reactions in p-process based on ELI-NP are quite promising.

  4. α +15 O cluster structures in 19Ne and the α resonant scattering (United States)

    Otani, Reiji; Iwasaki, Masataka; Tomita, Masashi; Ito, Makoto


    Cluster structures are well known to appear in the excited states of light nuclear systems. A typical example is the α+16 O cluster structures in 20Ne, and the α+15 N structures are also deeply analyzed in 19F, which is one proton deficient system of 20Ne. However, the α+15 O structure, corresponding to the neutron deficient system of 20Ne, still remains unclear. In the present study, we investigate the α+15 O structure in 19Ne by employing a simple potential model. We assume the Wood-Saxon potential for the nuclear potential of α+15 O, and its parameter set is fixed by solving the α+15 N elastic scattering. From the nuclear potential determined from the α+15 N scattering problem, we calculate the energy levels in the 19Ne = α+15 O system by adding the Coulomb interaction to the α+15 N system. The absorbing boundary condition is imposed on the unbound states in α+15 O, and the resonant levels in 19Ne are identified. We have also calculated the excitation function of the resonant α+15 O elastic scattering under the same condition as the recent experiments. In the present report, we will show our prediction of the α+15 O rotational bands and the cross sections in the resonant α scattering. Moreover, we will also report the application of the microscopic cluster model to the 19Ne = α+15 O system.

  5. The Calculation of Single-Nucleon Energies of Nuclei by Considering Two-Body Effective Interaction, n(k,ρ, and a Hartree-Fock Inspired Scheme

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Mariji


    Full Text Available The nucleon single-particle energies (SPEs of the selected nuclei, that is, O16, Ca40, and Ni56, are obtained by using the diagonal matrix elements of two-body effective interaction, which generated through the lowest-order constrained variational (LOCV calculations for the symmetric nuclear matter with the Aυ18 phenomenological nucleon-nucleon potential. The SPEs at the major levels of nuclei are calculated by employing a Hartree-Fock inspired scheme in the spherical harmonic oscillator basis. In the scheme, the correlation influences are taken into account by imposing the nucleon effective mass factor on the radial wave functions of the major levels. Replacing the density-dependent one-body momentum distribution functions of nucleons, n(k,ρ, with the Heaviside functions, the role of n(k,ρ in the nucleon SPEs at the major levels of the selected closed shell nuclei is investigated. The best fit of spin-orbit splitting is taken into account when correcting the major levels of the nuclei by using the parameterized Wood-Saxon potential and the Aυ18 density-dependent mean field potential which is constructed by the LOCV method. Considering the point-like protons in the spherical Coulomb potential well, the single-proton energies are corrected. The results show the importance of including n(k,ρ, instead of the Heaviside functions, in the calculation of nucleon SPEs at the different levels, particularly the valence levels, of the closed shell nuclei.

  6. Density-independent folding analysis of the sup 6 sup , sup 7 Li elastic scattering at intermediate energies 24.10H; 24.50; 25.70; 27.20

    CERN Document Server

    El-Azab-Farid, M


    The differential cross sections of sup 6 sup , sup 7 Li elastic scattering from sup 1 sup 2 C, sup 2 sup 8 S, sup 4 sup 0 Ca, sup 5 sup 8 Ni, sup 9 sup 0 Zr and sup 2 sup 0 sup 8 Pb targets at E/A sub P =12.5 -53 MeV / u have been analyzed using density-independent double folding optical potentials. The calculations are built upon a very simple phenomenological nucleon-nucleon effective interaction, which is represented by a single Yukawa term with a complex strength. The complex microscopic potentials have successfully reproduced the elastic scattering data for most of the analyzed sets. However, more success has been obtained when the single Yukawa term was considered for the real part only while the imaginary part was formulated in a phenomenological Woods-Saxon form. The predictions of the calculated potentials are compared with those obtained by the phenomenological and the M3Y double folded optical potentials. The effects of the knock-on exchange contribution, the variation of the range of the interacti...

  7. Search for and study of linking transitions between super- and normal deformed wells in the {sup 151}Tb nucleus; Recherche et etude de transitions de liaison entre les puits super- et normalement deformes dans le noyau {sup 151}Tb

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Robin, J


    While the superdeformation phenomenon has been observed many times in different mass regions, the excitation energy and angular momentum are not known for most of the superdeformed bands, mainly in the A {approx} 150 mass region. We have thus undertaken the search for and study of linking transitions between super and normal deformed potential wells in the Tb{sup 151} nucleus with the EUROBALL-IV spectrometer based at the subatomic research institute of Strasbourg. This nucleus presents the peculiarity of having an excited superdeformed band identical to the yrast one of Dy{sup 152}, which has recently been linked to normal deformed states. As the Dy{sup 152} nucleus exhibits a shape coexistence in the first potential well, we have also searched for collective rotational bands with prolate but moderate shape, coexisting with the oblate structure of Tb{sup 151}. The discovery of new superdeformed bands in the Tb{sup 151,152} isotopes, the extension to lower and higher spins of the previously known bands, and mean field calculations with a deformed Woods-Saxon potential have contributed to improve our knowledge as well as raise new questions on the orbitals configuration assignments of these bands. (author)

  8. Elastic scattering and total reaction cross sections for {sup 8}B, {sup 7}Be and {sup 6}Li + {sup 12}C systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zamora, J.C.; Barioni, A.; Guimaraes, V. [Universidade de Sao Paulo (USP), SP (Brazil); Paes, B.; Lubian, J. [Universidade Federal Fluminense (UFF), Niteroi, RJ (Brazil); Aguilera, E.F. [Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares (Mexico); Kolata, J.J.; Roberts, A.L. [University of Notre Dame, Indiana (United States); Becchetti, F.D.; Villano, A.; Ojaruega, M.; Jing, H. [University of Michigan (United States)


    In this work we have measured angular distributions for the elastic scattering of {sup 8}B, {sup 7}Be and {sup 6}Li on {sup 12}C target at laboratory energies of 25.8 MeV, 18.8 MeV and 12.3 MeV, respectively. The optical model has been used for the analysis of such data using Woods-Saxon and Sao Paulo potentials. We also probed the effect of breakup on the elastic scattering of {sup 8}B+{sup 12}C as this mechanism may become important due to the low binding energy of this nucleus. This investigation was performed by means of coupled channels calculations and cluster folding potentials. This study is very interesting because there are few data on {sup 8}B elastic scattering. There are some of its elastic scattering on carbon target, but at higher energies, where it was not possible to get information on its halo peculiarities. Also, we present here the total reaction cross section obtained from the elastic scattering analysis and compared with other weakly and tightly bound projectiles on carbon target. (author)

  9. Advancing the Theory of Nuclear Reactions with Rare Isotopes: From the Laboratory to the Cosmos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Elster, Charlotte [Ohio Univ., Athens, OH (United States)


    The mission of the TORUS Topical Collaboration is to develop new methods that will advance nuclear reaction theory for unstable isotopes by using three-body techniques to improve direct-reaction calculations, and, by using a new partial-fusion theory, to integrate descriptions of direct and compound-nucleus reactions. Ohio University concentrates its efforts on the first part of the mission. Since direct measurements are often not feasible, indirect methods, e.g. (d,p) reactions, should be used. Those (d,p) reactions may be viewed as three-body reactions and described with Faddeev techniques. Faddeev equations in momentum space have a long tradition of utilizing separable interactions in order to arrive at sets of coupled integral equations in one variable. While there exist several separable representations for the nucleon-nucleon interaction, the optical potential between a neutron (proton) and a nucleus is not readily available in separable form. For this reason we first embarked in introducing a separable representation for complex phenomenological optical potentials of Woods-Saxon type.

  10. 6 Li and d + α scattering in a three-body momentum space Faddeev model (I) (United States)

    Jin, Lei; Hlophe, Linda; Elster, Charlotte; Nogga, Andreas; Nunes, Filomena M.


    The (d , p) transfer reaction constitutes an important tool for extracting nuclear structure information such as spectroscopic factors and asymptotic normalization coefficients. In order to treat the dynamics in all reaction channels on the same footing, it is advantageous to view the (d , p) reaction as a three-body problem (n + p + A) within a Faddeev framework. Coulomb poses severe difficulties when studying these reactions on heavy nuclei with momentum space Faddeev equations. One way to address the challenges is to formulate the problem without screening and using separable interactions. An important first step in testing this formulation is to consider the ground state of 6Li, since this system has been studied in detail before within a three-body n + p + α ansatz. For the np interaction, we employ e.g. the CD-Bonn potential, and for n + α and p + α interactions Wood-Saxon type potentials. We introduce a projection method for the Pauli forbidden state which acts only in the relevant subsystem and thus leaves the structure of the Faddeev equations unaltered. Results for the energy and structure of the 6Li ground state will be presented for both the separable and non-separable approaches. Our results demonstrate the accuracy of the separable approach. Supported in part by the U.S. NSF under Contract PHY-1520972 and PHY-1520929, and U.S. DoE under Contract DE-FG02-93ER40756.

  11. β{sup -} transitions of {sub 7}{sup 16}N{sub 9} → {sub 8}{sup 16}O{sub 8} with optimized SDI residual interaction using pnTDA and TDA approximations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pahlavani, M.R.; Firoozi, B. [University of Mazandaran, Department of Nuclear Physics, Faculty of Basic Science, P.O. Box 47415-416, Babolsar (Iran, Islamic Republic of)


    Within a developed particle-hole approach, a systematic study of the β{sup -} transition from the ground state of the {sup 16}N nucleus to the ground and some exited states of the {sup 16}O nucleus has been carried out. The energy spectrum and the wave functions of pure configuration of the {sup 16}N and {sup 16}O nuclei are numerically obtained using the mean-field shell model with respect to the Woods-Saxon nuclear potential accompanying spin-orbit and Coulomb interaction. Considering SDI residual interaction, mixed configuration of ground and excited pnTDA and TDA states are extracted for the aforementioned nucleus. These energy spectra and corresponding eigenstates are highly correspondent to the experimental energy spectrum and eigenstates after adjusting the residual potential parameters using the Nelder-Mead (NM) algorithm. In this approach, the endpoint energy, log ft and the partial half-lives of some possible transitions are calculated. The obtained results using the optimized SDI approach are reasonably close to the available experimental data. (orig.)

  12. β- transitions of 16 7N9 → 16 8O8 with optimized SDI residual interaction using pnTDA and TDA approximations (United States)

    Pahlavani, M. R.; Firoozi, B.


    Within a developed particle-hole approach, a systematic study of the β- transition from the ground state of the 16N nucleus to the ground and some exited states of the 16O nucleus has been carried out. The energy spectrum and the wave functions of pure configuration of the 16N and 16O nuclei are numerically obtained using the mean-field shell model with respect to the Woods-Saxon nuclear potential accompanying spin-orbit and Coulomb interaction. Considering SDI residual interaction, mixed configuration of ground and excited pnTDA and TDA states are extracted for the aforementioned nucleus. These energy spectra and corresponding eigenstates are highly correspondent to the experimental energy spectrum and eigenstates after adjusting the residual potential parameters using the Nelder-Mead (NM) algorithm. In this approach, the endpoint energy, log ft and the partial half-lives of some possible transitions are calculated. The obtained results using the optimized SDI approach are reasonably close to the available experimental data.

  13. Crown Fire Potential (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — Crown fire potential was modeled using FlamMap, an interagency fire behavior mapping and analysis program that computes potential fire behavior characteristics. The...

  14. Soils - Potential Runoff (United States)

    Kansas Data Access and Support Center — This digital spatial data set provides information on the spatial distribution of potential runoff-contributing areas in Kansas. Potential runoff-contributing areas...

  15. Retail Spending Potential (United States)

    City and County of Durham, North Carolina — This map shows the average household spending potential for retail goods in the United States in 2012. Spending potential data measures household consumer spending...

  16. High precision In-113(alpha, alpha)In-113 elastic scattering at energies near the Coulomb barrier for the astrophysical gamma process


    Kiss, G.G.(Institute for Nuclear Research (MTA ATOMKI), Debrecen, H-4001, Hungary); Mohr, P; Fülöp, Zs.; Rauscher, T.; Gyürky, Gy.(Institute for Nuclear Research (MTA ATOMKI), Debrecen, H-4001, Hungary); Szücs, T; Halász, Z.; Somorjai, E.; Ornelas, A.; Yalcin, C.; Güray, R T; Özkan, N


    The $\\gamma$ process in supernova explosions is thought to explain the origin of proton-rich isotopes between Se and Hg, the so-called $p$ nuclei. The majority of the reaction rates for $\\gamma$ process reaction network studies has to be predicted in Hauser-Feshbach statistical model calculations using global optical potential parameterizations. While the nucleon+nucleus optical potential is fairly known, for the $\\alpha$+nucleus optical potential several different parameterizations exist and...

  17. Nonadiabatic quasiparticle approach for deformed odd-odd nuclei and the proton emitter 130Eu (United States)

    Patial, Monika; Arumugam, P.; Jain, A. K.; Maglione, E.; Ferreira, L. S.


    Proton emission from deformed nuclei near the drip line is regarded as a versatile tool in nuclear structure physics and such a study in odd-odd nuclei provides us with an excellent opportunity to understand several interesting features including the interaction between the valence proton and the valence neutron. We present a detailed formalism for a full microscopic calculation of such proton emitters, where the nuclear structure and decay aspects are taken into account exactly. This formalism is based on the nonadiabatic approach for the two quasiparticle plus rotor model, where the residual neutron-proton interactions are considered in the mean field represented by a deformed Woods-Saxon potential. We demonstrate a systematic way of unambiguously identifying several parameters involved in the calculations with the aid of the experimental data. The quality of results in the case of 180Ta justifies the approach which is further extended to discuss in detail the proton emission from 130Eu. Iπ=1+ state in 130Eu still remains to be the proton emitting state irrespective of the choice of several parameters. We also note that the decay widths could be quite sensitive to the residual np interaction in case of proton emission from isomeric states.

  18. Symmetry-restoring interactions for K/sup. pi. / = 1/sup +/ isovector vibrations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nojarov, R.; Faessler, A.


    The low-lying isovector 1/sup +/ states are studied by a symmetry-restoring RPA approach in some rare-earth nuclei. A new velocity-dependent residual interaction is proposed in order to restore the rotational invariance of the hamiltonian in the quasiparticle random-phase approximation with an axially-symmetric Woods-Saxon potential. A new quadrupole interaction is introduced with a self-consistently determined coupling strength. Calculations for six rare-earth nuclei (/sup 154/Sm, /sup 156,158/Gd, /sup 164/Dy, /sup 168/Er, /sup 174/Yb) show a good agreement with the experimental energies and B(M1) values. The M1 transitions, corresponding to the experimental strong magnetic dipole states, have in all apart from one case a predominant orbital contribution. The largest orbital contribution (90%) is found in /sup 154/Sm. About half of the low-energy (E<5 MeV, B(M1)arrow up> N//sup 2/) states in each nucleus have an orbital character with a (10-40)% spin admixture. The M1 strength is concentrated in the region 2-9 MeV with a maximum around 5 MeV and corresponds to OSC/=0 transitions.

  19. Orbital and spin M1 excitations in actinide nuclei

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nojarov, R. (Inst. fuer Theoretische Physik, Univ. Tuebingen (Germany)); Faessler, A. (Inst. fuer Theoretische Physik, Univ. Tuebingen (Germany)); Sarriguren, P. (Inst. de Estructura de la Materia, Consejo Superior de Investigationes Cientificas, Madrid (Spain)); Moya de Guerra, E. (Inst. de Estructura de la Materia, Consejo Superior de Investigationes Cientificas, Madrid (Spain)); Grigorescu, M. (NSCL/Cyclotron Lab., Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States))


    The large variety of experimental information on M1 excitations in [sup 232]Th and [sup 236,238]U, obtained from ([gamma],[gamma]'), (e,e') and (p,p') experiments, is described in QRPA with a deformed Woods-Saxon potential and separable residual interactions. The most accurate experimental data on the low-energy orbital excitations, including their (e,e') form factors, are well reproduced. The influence of different parametrizations of the spin-orbit and spin-spin forces on the spin M1 strength distribution is studied and the two maxima of this strength are interpreted as isoscalar and isovector ones. The role of the spin-independent residual interaction for the promotion or suppression of the scissors mode is discussed. It is found that the scissors mode fragments mainly (70%) over the low-lying orbital 1[sup +] states and most of the strongest experimentally observed M1 excitations can be interpreted as performing a weakly collective scissors motion. (orig.)

  20. Orbital rotational vibrations in the A =130 mass region

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Faessler, A.; Nojarov, R. (Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Universitaet Tuebingen, Auf der Morgenstelle 14, D-7400 Tuebingen, Federal Republic of Germany (DE))


    The rotational vibrations ({ital K}{sup {pi}}=1{sup +} states) in 16 even-even Xe, Ba, and Ce nuclei are studied in the quasiparticle random-phase approximation with a mean field given by a deformed Woods-Saxon potential and residual forces: a self-consistent quadrupole-quadrupole interaction, a spin-spin interaction, and a force that restores the rotational invariance of the Hamiltonian. A shell effect is found which is typical for this mass region: a strong orbital character of almost all low-energy (2.5--5 MeV) excitations, while the higher-energy ones are predominantly spin flip. The comparison of random-phase approximation {ital M}1 transition densities and ({ital e},{ital e}{prime}) form factors with the microscopic realization of the two-rotor model 1{sup +} state allow us to conclude that the strongly orbital low-energy random-phase approximation states perform the scissor-type motion described by the two-rotor model, but only few particles are involved in this motion.

  1. Estimating Total Fusion Cross Sections by Using a Coupled-Channel Method

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Choi, Ki-Seok; Cheoun, Myung-Ki [Soongsil University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, K. S. [Korea Aerospace University, Koyang (Korea, Republic of); Kim, T. H.; So, W. Y. [Kangwon National University at Dogye, Samcheok (Korea, Republic of)


    We calculate the total fusion cross sections for the {sup 6}He + {sup 209}Bi, {sup 6}Li + {sup 209}Bi,{sup 9}Be + {sup 208}Pb, {sup 10}Be + {sup 209}Bi, and {sup 11}Li + {sup 208}Pb systems by using a coupled-channel (CC) method and compare the results with the experimental data. In the CC approach for the total fusion cross sections, we exploit a globally determined Wood-Saxon potential with Aky¨uz-Winther parameters and couplings of the ground state to the low-lying excited states in the projectile and the target nuclei. The total fusion cross sections obtained with the CC are compared with those obtained without the CC couplings. The latter approach is tantamount to a one-dimensional barrier penetration model. Finally, our approach is applied to understand new data for the {sup 11}Li+{sup 208}Pb system. Possible ambiguities inherent in those approaches are discussed in detail for further applications to the fusion system of halo and/or neutron-rich nuclei.

  2. 6 Li and d + α scattering in a three-body momentum space Faddeev model (II) (United States)

    Hlophe, Linda; Jin, L.; Elster, Ch.; Nogga, A.; Nunes, F.


    The (d , p) transfer reaction constitutes an important tool for extracting nuclear structure information. In order to treat the dynamics in all reaction channels on the same footing, it is advantageous to view the (d , p) reaction as a three-body problem (n + p + A) within a Faddeev framework. Coulomb poses severe difficulties when studying these reactions on heavy nuclei with momentum space Faddeev equations. One way to address the challenges is to formulate the problem without screening and using separable interactions. An essential ingredient of this work involved the development of the separable interactions for the NA system. Those separable representations are obtained through the EST formulation; they are multi-rank representations of realistic interactions, namely CD-Bonn for np and of Woods-Saxon form for the n (p) - α potentials. Based on the results presented in (I), we discuss the extension of our implementation into the scattering regime. Preliminary results for angular distributions and cross sections for d + α scattering omitting the Coulomb interaction will be presented. Future prospects will be discussed. Supported in part by the U.S. NSF under Contract PHY-1520972 and PHY-1520929, and U.S. DoE under Contract DE-FG02-93ER40756.

  3. Stochastic Resonance algorithms to enhance damage detection in bearing faults

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Castiglione Roberto


    Full Text Available Stochastic Resonance is a phenomenon, studied and mainly exploited in telecommunication, which permits the amplification and detection of weak signals by the assistance of noise. The first papers on this technique are dated early 80 s and were developed to explain the periodically recurrent ice ages. Other applications mainly concern neuroscience, biology, medicine and obviously signal analysis and processing. Recently, some researchers have applied the technique for detecting faults in mechanical systems and bearings. In this paper, we try to better understand the conditions of applicability and which is the best algorithm to be adopted for these purposes. In fact, to get the methodology profitable and efficient to enhance the signal spikes due to fault in rings and balls/rollers of bearings, some parameters have to be properly selected. This is a problem since in system identification this procedure should be as blind as possible. Two algorithms are analysed: the first exploits classical SR with three parameters mutually dependent, while the other uses Woods-Saxon potential, with three parameters yet but holding a different meaning. The comparison of the performances of the two algorithms and the optimal choice of their parameters are the scopes of this paper. Algorithms are tested on simulated and experimental data showing an evident capacity of increasing the signal to noise ratio.

  4. Non-normal Lanczos methods for quantum scattering. (United States)

    Khorasani, Reza Rajaie; Dumont, Randall S


    This article presents a new complex absorbing potential (CAP) block Lanczos method for computing scattering eigenfunctions and reaction probabilities. The method reduces the problem of computing energy eigenfunctions to solving two energy dependent systems of equations. An energy independent block Lanczos factorization casts the system into a block tridiagonal form, which can be solved very efficiently for all energies. We show that CAP-Lanczos methods exhibit instability due to the non-normality of CAP Hamiltonians and may break down for some systems. The instability is not due to loss of orthogonality but to non-normality of the Hamiltonian matrix. While use of a Woods-Saxon exponential CAP-as opposed to a polynomial CAP-reduced non-normality, it did not always ensure convergence. Our results indicate that the Arnoldi algorithm is more robust for non-normal systems and less prone to break down. An Arnoldi version of our method is applied to a nonadiabatic tunneling Hamiltonian with excellent results, while the Lanczos algorithm breaks down for this system.

  5. Determination of the N=16 shell closure at the oxygen drip line. (United States)

    Hoffman, C R; Baumann, T; Bazin, D; Brown, J; Christian, G; DeYoung, P A; Finck, J E; Frank, N; Hinnefeld, J; Howes, R; Mears, P; Mosby, E; Mosby, S; Reith, J; Rizzo, B; Rogers, W F; Peaslee, G; Peters, W A; Schiller, A; Scott, M J; Tabor, S L; Thoennessen, M; Voss, P J; Williams, T


    The neutron unbound ground state of (25)O (Z=8, N=17) was observed for the first time in a proton knockout reaction from a (26)F beam. A single resonance was found in the invariant mass spectrum corresponding to a neutron decay energy of 770_+20(-10) keV with a total width of 172(30) keV. The N=16 shell gap was established to be 4.86(13) MeV by the energy difference between the nu1s(1/2) and nu0d(3/2) orbitals. The neutron separation energies for (25)O agree with the calculations of the universal sd shell model interaction. This interaction incorrectly predicts an (26)O ground state that is bound to two-neutron decay by 1 MeV, leading to a discrepancy between the theoretical calculations and experiment as to the particle stability of (26)O. The observed decay width was found to be on the order of a factor of 2 larger than the calculated single-particle width using a Woods-Saxon potential.

  6. Quantum potential theory

    CERN Document Server

    Schürmann, Michael


    This volume contains the revised and completed notes of lectures given at the school "Quantum Potential Theory: Structure and Applications to Physics," held at the Alfried-Krupp-Wissenschaftskolleg in Greifswald from February 26 to March 10, 2007. Quantum potential theory studies noncommutative (or quantum) analogs of classical potential theory. These lectures provide an introduction to this theory, concentrating on probabilistic potential theory and it quantum analogs, i.e. quantum Markov processes and semigroups, quantum random walks, Dirichlet forms on C* and von Neumann algebras, and boundary theory. Applications to quantum physics, in particular the filtering problem in quantum optics, are also presented.

  7. Lifetimes of the $\\alpha$ decay chains of superheavy element 115


    Basu, D. N.


    The lifetimes of the consecutive $\\alpha$ decay chains of recently synthesized new element 115, $^{287}115$ and $^{288}115$, have been calculated theoretically within the WKB approximation using microscopic $\\alpha$-nucleus interaction potentials obtained by folding in the densities of the $\\alpha$ and the daughter nuclei with a realistic effective interaction. M3Y effective interaction, supplemented by a zero-range pseudo-potential for exchange along with the density dependence, has been use...

  8. Cd-110,Cd-116(alpha,alpha)Cd-110,Cd-116 elastic scattering and systematic investigation of elastic a scattering cross sections along the Z=48 isotopic and N=62 isotonic chains


    Kiss, G.G.(Institute for Nuclear Research (MTA ATOMKI), Debrecen, H-4001, Hungary); Mohr, P; Fülöp, Zs.; Gyürky, Gy.(Institute for Nuclear Research (MTA ATOMKI), Debrecen, H-4001, Hungary); Elekes, Z.; Farkas, J.; Somorjai, E.; Yalcin, C.; Galaviz, D.; Güray, R T; Özkan, N; Görres, J.


    The elastic scattering cross sections for the reactions $^{110,116}$Cd($\\alpha,\\alpha$)$^{110,116}$Cd at energies above and below the Coulomb barrier are presented to provide a sensitive test for the alpha-nucleus optical potential parameter sets. Additional constraints for the optical potential are taken from the analysis of elastic scattering excitation functions at backward angles which are available in literature. Moreover, the variation of the elastic alpha scattering cross sections alon...

  9. Black Hole Dynamic Potentials

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)


    Jan 27, 2016 ... In the following paper, certain black hole dynamic potentials have been developed definitively on the lines of classical thermodynamics. These potentials have been refined in view of the small differences in the equations of the laws of black hole dynamics as given by Bekenstein and those of ...

  10. Potential energy savings

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schultz, Jørgen Munthe


    This chapter describes the chosen methods for estimating the potential energy savings if ordinary window glazing is exchanged with aerogel glazing as well as commercial low-energy glazings.......This chapter describes the chosen methods for estimating the potential energy savings if ordinary window glazing is exchanged with aerogel glazing as well as commercial low-energy glazings....

  11. China's Military Potential

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Wortzel, Larry


    The People's Republic of China (PRC) is seen by many as an economic powerhouse with the world's largest standing military that has the potential to translate economic power into the military sphere...

  12. Elderberry: Botany, Horticulture, Potential (United States)

    Horticultural Review allows extensive reviews of the state of the knowledge on certain topics or crops. Elderberry: Botany, Horticulture, Potential, is outlined with an Introduction, Botany, Horticulture, Propagation, Uses and Conclusion sections. This review compiles literature from around the w...

  13. Static potential in baryon


    Kuzmenko, D. S.


    The baryon static potential is calculated in the framework of field correlator method and is shown to match the recent lattice results. The effects of the nonzero value of the gluon correlation length are emphasized.

  14. Relativistic gauge invariant potentials

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gonzalez, J.J. (Valladolid Univ. (Spain). Dept. de Fisica Teorica); Negro, J. (Valladolid Univ. (Spain). Dept. de Fisica Teorica); Olmo, M.A. del (Valladolid Univ. (Spain). Dept. de Fisica Teorica)


    A global method characterizing the invariant connections on an abelian principal bundle under a group of transformations is applied in order to get gauge invariant electromagnetic (elm.) potentials in a systematic way. So, we have classified all the elm. gauge invariant potentials under the Poincare subgroups of dimensions 4, 5, and 6, up to conjugation. It is paid attention in particular to the situation where these subgroups do not act transitively on the space-time manifold. We have used the same procedure for some galilean subgroups to get nonrelativistic potentials and study the way they are related to their relativistic partners by means of contractions. Some conformal gauge invariant potentials have also been derived and considered when they are seen as consequence of an enlargement of the Poincare symmetries. (orig.)

  15. Sicilian potential biogas production


    Antonio Comparetti; Pierluigi Febo; Carlo Greco; Santo Orlando; Kestutis Navickas; Kestutis Venslauskas


    This study is aimed at predicting the Sicilian potential biogas production, using the Organic Fraction of Municipal Solid Waste (OFMSW), animal manure and food industry by-products, in a region where only one biogas plant using MSW and one co-digestion plant are nowadays available. The statistical data about OFMSW, the number of animals bred in medium and large farms and the amounts of by-products of food processing industries were evaluated, in order to compute the Sicilian potential biogas ...

  16. Potential GDP in Romania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Duguleana C.


    Full Text Available Economic and financial crisis has hit Romania since the second half of 2008, causing a significant drop in production and household income. The consequences of this crisis include rising unemployment and falling household consumption expenditure. Thus, in June 2008, the unemployment rate was 3.7% and in March 2010 it reached 8.4% level. Final consumption expenditure of households fell by 9.2% in 2009 and by 3.3% in 2010. The slowly begun recovery in 2011 revealed that unemployment in the Romanian economy has a significant structural component. As a result, the potential GDP remains low. The paper presents a method for estimating the potential GDP to determine the gap between real GDP affected by cyclical factors and the productive potential of the economy, used in any circumstances.

  17. Abuse Potential of Pregabalin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schjerning, Ole; Rosenzweig, Mary; Pottegård, Anton


    BACKGROUND: Several case reports and epidemiological studies have raised concern about the abuse potential of pregabalin, the use of which has increased substantially over the last decade. Pregabalin is, in some cases, used for recreational purposes and it has incurred attention among drug abusers...... for causing euphoric and dissociative effects when taken in doses exceeding normal therapeutic dosages or used by alternative routes of administration, such as nasal insufflation or venous injection. The magnitude of the abuse potential and the mechanism behind it are not fully known. OBJECTIVE: The aim......), clinical (n = 19) and epidemiological (n = 13) studies addressing the abuse potential of pregabalin. We also reviewed case reports (n = 9) concerning abuse of pregabalin. The preclinical studies indicated that pregabalin possesses modulatory effects on the GABA and glutamate systems, leaving room...

  18. Graphing Electric Potential. (United States)

    De Jong, Marvin L.


    Describes the powerful graphing ability of computer algebra systems (CAS) to create three-dimensional graphs or surface graphics of electric potentials. Provides equations along with examples of the printouts. Lists the programs Mathematica, Maple, Derive, Theorist, MathCad, and MATLAB as promising CAS systems. (MVL)

  19. Solar energy potential (United States)


    The potential of solar energy as a national resource is discussed. Research and development programs for the development of eleven concepts are described to show the proposed funding for each year over a fifteen year period. The estimated energy contributions by period for each of the solar concepts are analyzed. The estimated impact of the solar concepts to the year 2020 are tabulated.

  20. Potential support ratios

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjærgaard, Søren; Canudas-Romo, Vladimir


    The ‘prospective potential support ratio’ has been proposed by researchers as a measure that accurately quantifies the burden of ageing, by identifying the fraction of a population that has passed a certain measure of longevity, for example, 17 years of life expectancy. Nevertheless, the prospect......The ‘prospective potential support ratio’ has been proposed by researchers as a measure that accurately quantifies the burden of ageing, by identifying the fraction of a population that has passed a certain measure of longevity, for example, 17 years of life expectancy. Nevertheless......, the prospective potential support ratio usually focuses on the current mortality schedule, or period life expectancy. Instead, in this paper we look at the actual mortality experienced by cohorts in a population, using cohort life tables. We analyse differences between the two perspectives using mortality models......, historical data, and forecasted data. Cohort life expectancy takes future mortality improvements into account, unlike period life expectancy, leading to a higher prospective potential support ratio. Our results indicate that using cohort instead of period life expectancy returns around 0.5 extra younger...

  1. A potential pitfall

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    of paraganglioma. Such procedures can cause a surged release of catecholamines into the systemic circulation, which can lead to features of a catecholamine crisis − headache, sweating, elevated blood pressure,. CT-guided biopsy of suspected malignancy: A potential pitfall. S Henderson,1 MB ChB; W Elsaify,2 MB ChB, ...

  2. Sicilian potential biogas production

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Comparetti


    Full Text Available This study is aimed at predicting the Sicilian potential biogas production, using the Organic Fraction of Municipal Solid Waste (OFMSW, animal manure and food industry by-products, in a region where only one biogas plant using MSW and one co-digestion plant are nowadays available. The statistical data about OFMSW, the number of animals bred in medium and large farms and the amounts of by-products of food processing industries were evaluated, in order to compute the Sicilian potential biogas and energy production. The OFMSW produced in Sicily, that is 0.8 million tons ca. per year (37% of MSW, could be used in a bio-reactor, together with other raw materials, for Anaerobic Digestion (AD process, producing biogas and “digestate”. Moreover, 3.03 million tons ca. of manure, collected in medium and large animal husbandry farms (where cows, pigs and poultry are bred, and 350 thousand tons ca. of by-products, collected in food processing industries (pomace from olive oil mills and grape marc from wineries, might be used for AD process. The Sicilian potential biogas production from the AD of the above raw materials is 170.2 millions of m3, that is equal to 1023.4 GWh of energy per year, of which 484 GWh from animal manure, 303 GWh from OFMSW and 236.4 GWh from food industry by-products. The highest biogas production is in the province of Palermo (35.6 millions of m3, Ragusa (30.8 millions of m3 and Catania (22.8 millions of m3, having a potential energy production of 213.8, 185 and 137 GWh, respectively.

  3. Unearthing new energy potential

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Forrest, M.


    An interview with Stan Szary, CEO, Saturn Minerals, about this company's mining developments in Saskatchewan, western Canada, and their growing importance as a provider of energy now and in the future. Company activity in the past decade has revealed the two potential for coals within the Cretaceous Mannville Group and has identified the style of deposition that had complicated the region's coal geology. 2 photos.

  4. Potential energy function (PEF) (United States)

    Guelachvili, G.

    This document is part of Subvolume B `Linear Triatomic Molecules', Part 9, of Volume 20 `Molecular Constants mostly from Infrared Spectroscopy' of Landolt-Börnstein Group II `Molecules and Radicals'. Part of the introduction, it discusses the potential energy function (PEF) of linear molecules, including the PEF expanded as Taylor series, the transformation of the PEF to curvilinear valence coordinates, Morse functions and dimensionless normal coordinates, as well as specific forms of the PEF.



    Julija Avakumovic, Jelena Avakumovic


    Potential of businesses is available and relevant developed business opportunities which under certain conditions can affect the results of the business. Those are certain conditions possible exposure of the company. The success of a business depends of the knowledge of these resources and the way how to find the optimum combination of scale, structure and dynamics of available resources by the management of the business.

  6. Nonadiabatic Ponderomotive Potentials

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dodin IY, Fisch NJ


    An approximate integral of the Manley-Rowe type is found for a particle moving in a high-frequency field, which may interact resonantly with natural particle oscillations. An effective ponderomotive potential is introduced accordingly and can capture nonadiabatic particle dynamics. We show that nonadiabatic ponderomotive barriers can trap classical particles, produce cooling effect, and generate one-way walls for resonant species. Possible atomic applications are also envisioned.

  7. Potentials Unbounded Below

    CERN Document Server

    Curtright, Thomas


    Continuous interpolates are described for classical dynamical systems defined by discrete time-steps. Functional conjugation methods play a central role in obtaining the interpolations. The interpolates corrrespond to particle motion in an underlying potential, V. Typically, V has no lower bound and can exhibit switchbacks wherein V changes form when turning points are encountered by the particle. The logistic map is used to illustrate these features.

  8. Untapped potential - choose wisely

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catharine Anna Henderson


    Full Text Available Based on a personal perspective the author derived from a lecture at the American Public Health Association meeting about the power of a choice which can change the course of history, the author presehts a perspective on the choices made regarding ante-natal life and how this effects a loss in human potential and the global health repercussions that can result.

  9. Microfluidics realizes potential


    Gould, Paula


    Advanced fabrication technologies are being used to make microscale tools for fluid manipulation. Interest in the development of microfluidic devices has been encouraged by the number of fluid-based processes that could benefit from miniaturization. A number of companies are now marketing fluidic ‘lab-on-a-chip’ systems for applications in biomedical research, environmental testing, and medical diagnostics. However, the full commercial potential of this technology has yet to be realized.

  10. Compact Polarimetry Potentials (United States)

    Truong-Loi, My-Linh; Dubois-Fernandez, Pascale; Pottier, Eric


    The goal of this study is to show the potential of a compact-pol SAR system for vegetation applications. Compact-pol concept has been suggested to minimize the system design while maximize the information and is declined as the ?/4, ?/2 and hybrid modes. In this paper, the applications such as biomass and vegetation height estimates are first presented, then, the equivalence between compact-pol data simulated from full-pol data and compact-pol data processed from raw data as such is shown. Finally, a calibration procedure using external targets is proposed.

  11. Thermodynamics extends economics potentials

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bandura, Alexander V. [Kiev Technical Univ., Dept. of Marketing and Management, Kiev (Ukraine); Brodiansky, Victor M. [Moscow Energy Inst., Dept. of Cryogen Machines, Moscow (Russian Federation)


    In this paper we consider the use of exergy in economic valuation and its correlation with money. Exergy-based determination of production expenses provides a new base for 'natural' price determination. A new macroeconomic dynamics approach based on this correlation is proposed. This method is relatively general because it is not restricted by certain assumptions used in traditional economic analysis. The exergy model of macroeconomic dynamics was tested by utilizing data from the US economy. This test, covering a period of about 25 years, confirms this approach and opens new potentials in economic analysis. (Author)

  12. A crafting of potentials

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kilbourn, Kyle

    In the movement from understanding the past towards creating the future design anthropology, as a discipline, will turn from one with archival qualities to one endowed with potentials for change. One challenge facing design anthropology is how to show relevance for theory generation while also in......-as is complemented by designing for as design anthropologists stage design workshops, span knowledge traditions, and make design moves. Reflecting on my own research process, I trace a few research tools that underline the craft of design anthropology....

  13. The Static Baryon Potential

    CERN Document Server

    Alexandrou, C; Tsapalis, A; Forcrand, Ph. de


    Using state of the art lattice techniques we investigate the static baryon potential. We employ the multi-hit procedure for the time links and a variational approach to determine the ground state with sufficient accuracy that, for distances up to $\\sim 1.2$ fm, we can distinguish the $Y$- and $\\Delta$- Ans\\"atze for the baryonic Wilson area law. Our analysis shows that the $\\Delta$-Ansatz is favoured. This result is also supported by the gauge-invariant nucleon wave function which we measure for the first time.

  14. Potential for growth

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Amaya, N. [Carbocol (Colombia)


    Colombia's position in the international coal market is discussed, with reference to Carbocol, currently moving through a process of privatisation. Colombia is the fourth largest steam coal exporter worldwide. It has a huge expansion potential and may double its exports in the next decade. The market bottomed out in September 1999 and a new price cycle has already started. A sale mechanism has been developed to sell Carbocol's 50% stake in El Cerrejon Zona Norte Complex during 2000. The article is based on a paper presented at Coaltrans '99 in Hamburg, 18-20 October 1999. 2 photos.

  15. Zoonotic potential of Giardia. (United States)

    Ryan, Una; Cacciò, Simone M


    Giardia duodenalis (syn. Giardia lamblia and Giardia intestinalis) is a common intestinal parasite of humans and mammals worldwide. Assessing the zoonotic transmission of the infection requires molecular characterization as there is considerable genetic variation within G. duodenalis. To date eight major genetic groups (assemblages) have been identified, two of which (A and B) are found in both humans and animals, whereas the remaining six (C to H) are host-specific and do not infect humans. Sequence-based surveys of single loci have identified a number of genetic variants (genotypes) within assemblages A and B in animal species, some of which may have zoonotic potential. Multi-locus typing data, however, has shown that in most cases, animals do not share identical multi-locus types with humans. Furthermore, interpretation of genotyping data is complicated by the presence of multiple alleles that generate "double peaks" in sequencing files from PCR products, and by the potential exchange of genetic material among isolates, which may account for the non-concordance in the assignment of isolates to specific assemblages. Therefore, a better understanding of the genetics of this parasite is required to allow the design of more sensitive and variable subtyping tools, that in turn may help unravel the complex epidemiology of this infection. Copyright © 2013. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  16. Biomethanation and its potential. (United States)

    Angelidaki, Irini; Karakashev, Dimitar; Batstone, Damien J; Plugge, Caroline M; Stams, Alfons J M


    Biomethanation is a process by which organic material is microbiologically converted under anaerobic conditions to biogas. Three main physiological groups of microorganisms are involved: fermenting bacteria, organic acid oxidizing bacteria, and methanogenic archaea. Microorganisms degrade organic matter via cascades of biochemical conversions to methane and carbon dioxide. Syntrophic relationships between hydrogen producers (acetogens) and hydrogen scavengers (homoacetogens, hydrogenotrophic methanogens, etc.) are critical to the process. Determination of practical and theoretical methane potential is very important for design for optimal process design, configuration, and effective evaluation of economic feasibility. A wide variety of process applications for biomethanation of wastewaters, slurries, and solid waste have been developed. They utilize different reactor types (fully mixed, plug-flow, biofilm, UASB, etc.) and process conditions (retention times, loading rates, temperatures, etc.) in order to maximize the energy output from the waste and also to decrease retention time and enhance process stability. Biomethanation has strong potential for the production of energy from organic residues and wastes. It will help to reduce the use of fossil fuels and thus reduce CO(2) emission. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. Evaluation of hydrocarbon potential

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cashman, P.H.; Trexler, J.H. Jr. [Univ. of Nevada, Reno, NV (United States)


    Task 8 is responsible for assessing the hydrocarbon potential of the Yucca Mountain vincinity. Our main focus is source rock stratigraphy in the NTS area in southern Nevada. (In addition, Trexler continues to work on a parallel study of source rock stratigraphy in the oil-producing region of east central Nevada, but this work is not funded by Task 8.) As a supplement to the stratigraphic studies, we are studying the geometry and kinematics of deformation at NTS, particularly as these pertain to reconstructing Paleozoic stratigraphy and to predicting the nature of the Late Paleozoic rocks under Yucca Mountain. Our stratigraphic studies continue to support the interpretation that rocks mapped as the {open_quotes}Eleana Formation{close_quotes} are in fact parts of two different Mississippian units. We have made significant progress in determining the basin histories of both units. These place important constraints on regional paleogeographic and tectonic reconstructions. In addition to continued work on the Eleana, we plan to look at the overlying Tippipah Limestone. Preliminary TOC and maturation data indicate that this may be another potential source rock.

  18. Characterization of bioelectric potentials (United States)

    Jorgensen, Charles C. (Inventor); Wheeler, Kevin R. (Inventor)


    Method and system for recognizing and characterizing bioelectric potential or electromyographic (EMG) signals associated with at least one of a coarse gesture and a fine gesture that is performed by a person, and use of the bioelectric potentials to enter data and/or commands into an electrical and/or mechanical instrument. As a gesture is performed, bioelectric signals that accompany the gesture are subjected to statistical averaging, within selected time intervals. Hidden Markov model analysis is applied to identify hidden, gesture-related states that are present. A metric is used to compare signals produced by a volitional gesture (not yet identified) with corresponding signals associated with each of a set of reference gestures, and the reference gesture that is closest to the volitional gesture is identified. Signals representing the volitional gesture are analyzed and compared with a database of reference gestures to determine if the volitional gesture is likely to be one of the reference gestures. Electronic and/or mechanical commands needed to carry out the gesture may be implemented at an interface to control an instrument. Applications include control of an aircraft, entry of data from a keyboard or other data entry device, and entry of data and commands in extreme environments that interfere with accurate entry.

  19. International Evoked Potentials Symposium

    CERN Document Server


    The past decade has seen great progress in the measurement of evoked potentials in man; a steady increase in our understanding of their charac­ teristics, their origins and their usefulness; and a growing application in the field of clinical diagnosis. The topic is a truly multidisciplinary one. Important research contributions have been made by workers of many different backgrounds and clinical applications span the specialities. This book represents a revised and updated version of the work originally presented at the international evoked potential symposium held in Nottingham 4-6 1978. The Nottingham Symposium provided a forum for a state-of-the-art discussion amongst workers from many different disciplines and from many different countries. For each major topic in the field an expert review set the scene for discussion of current research presentations. This format is retained in the book: the chapters in Part A provide the context in which the research presented in Part B is set. The task of selecting m...

  20. Vestibular evoked myogenic potential

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felipe, Lilian


    Full Text Available Introduction: The Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potential (VEMP is a promising test for the evaluation of the cholic descending vestibular system. This reflex depends of the integrity from the saccular macula, from the inferior vestibular nerve, the vestibular nuclei, the vestibule-spinal tract and effectors muscles. Objective: Perform a systematic review of the pertinent literature by means of database (COCHRANE, MEDLINE, LILACS, CAPES. Conclusion: The clinical application of the VEMP has expanded in the last years, as goal that this exam is used as complementary in the otoneurological evaluation currently used. But, methodological issues must be clarified. This way, this method when combined with the standard protocol, can provide a more widely evaluation from the vestibular system. The standardization of the methodology is fundamental criterion for the replicability and sensibility of the exam.

  1. Biomethanation and Its Potential

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Angelidaki, Irini; Karakashev, Dimitar Borisov; Batstone, Damien J.


    Biomethanation is a process by which organic material is microbiologically converted under anaerobic conditions to biogas. Three main physiological groups of microorganisms are involved: fermenting bacteria, organic acid oxidizing bacteria, and methanogenic archaea. Microorganisms degrade organic...... matter via cascades of biochemical conversions to methane and carbon dioxide. Syntrophic relationships between hydrogen producers (acetogens) and hydrogen scavengers (homoacetogens, hydrogenotrophic methanogens, etc.) are critical to the process. Determination of practical and theoretical methane......, plugflow, biofilm, UASB, etc.) and process conditions (retention times, loading rates, temperatures, etc.) in order to maximize the energy output from the waste and also to decrease retention time and enhance process stability. Biomethanation has strong potential for the production of energy from organic...

  2. CLIC Physics Potential

    CERN Document Server

    Pandurovic, Mila


    The CLICdp is an international collaboration that investigates the physics potential of the Compact Linear Collider (CLIC) and performs research and development of the CLIC detector. CLIC is a future multi-TeV linear electron-positron collider, designed to cover a physics program of the Standard model physics, with the emphasis on Higgs and top as well as to address the wide range of open questions of the phenomena beyond the Standard model with high precision. The CLIC is designed to be build and operated at three discrete energy stages, sort(s) = 380 GeV, 1.5 and 3.0 TeV, which are optimized for the foreseen physics program. In this talk the CLIC accelerator, detector and experimental environment of CLIC will be presented, as well as, the number of the full-simulation measurements in the Higgs, top and beyond Standard model sector, presenting the capabilities of CLIC for high precision measurements.

  3. Potential dangers of cannabis. (United States)

    Kaymakçalan, S


    Cannabis is not a harmless drug. The potential dangers of cannabis are briefly reviewed in this report. The above-mentioned observations on cannabis users should be kept in mind and carefully examined by all physicians. One could expect that as more potent cannabis preparations become available, some of the toxic manifestations which now seem rare might become more frequent. Some of the remarks about the dangers of cannabis may not be proved in future studies, and they may represent only our anxiety. However, prior to the elimination of these fears, no steps should be taken toward the legalizing of marijuana. At present there is no scientific evidence that cannabis is less harmful than either tobacco or alcohol. The opposite may be true. The analogy can be drawn between opium and cannabis. The permissive attitude toward the use of opium can easily lead to the use of morphine and other opiates. If we legalize the use of marijuana, we cannot prevent the use of more dangerous derivatives of cannabis; namely, hashish, cannabis oil and THC, itself. In my opinion, in the light of our present knowledge, legalizing of marijuana could be hazardous both for the individual and for society.

  4. Ethanol fermentation and potential. (United States)

    Miller, D L


    Ethyl alcohol is one of the United States and world's major chemicals. Beverage alcohol in the United States must be prepared from cereal grains or other natural products. The U.S. industrial alcohol market has remained relatively stable for several years at approximately 300 million gallons annually. Most of this has been produced synthetically from petroleum raw material (gas and oil). These raw materials are experiencing major price increases and are in short supply. The production of ethyl alcohol from cereal grains and cellulosic raw materials by fermentation is technically feasible and has been proven. Alcohol produced from all such materials is equal to synthetic alcohol in quality and performance. Competitive economics have controlled the basic raw materials used. The major potential new ethyl alcohol market is as a component of automobile fuels. A 10% alcohol-gasoline blend in the United States would annually require over 10 billion gallons of anhydrous alcohol. Use of alcohol for this purpose is technically feasible. However, alcohol has not been economically competitive to date.


    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee Spangler; George F. Vance; Gerald E. Schuman; Justin D. Derner


    Rangelands occupy approximately half of the world's land area and store greater than 10% of the terrestrial biomass carbon and up to 30% of the global soil organic carbon. Although soil carbon sequestration rates are generally low on rangelands in comparison to croplands, increases in terrestrial carbon in rangelands resulting from management can account for significant carbon sequestration given the magnitude of this land resource. Despite the significance rangelands can play in carbon sequestration, our understanding remains limited. Researchers conducted a literature review to identify sustainably management practices that conserve existing rangeland carbon pools, as well as increase or restore carbon sequestration potentials for this type of ecosystem. The research team also reviewed the impact of grazing management on rangeland carbon dynamics, which are not well understood due to heterogeneity in grassland types. The literature review on the impact of grazing showed a wide variation of results, ranging from positive to negative to no response. On further review, the intensity of grazing appears to be a major factor in controlling rangeland soil organic carbon dynamics. In 2003, researchers conducted field sampling to assess the effect of several drought years during the period 1993-2002. Results suggested that drought can significantly impact rangeland soil organic carbon (SOC) levels, and therefore, carbon sequestration. Resampling was conducted in 2006; results again suggested that climatic conditions may have overridden management effects on SOC due to the ecological lag of the severe drought of 2002. Analysis of grazing practices during this research effort suggested that there are beneficial effects of light grazing compared to heavy grazing and non-grazing with respect to increased SOC and nitrogen contents. In general, carbon storage in rangelands also increases with increased precipitation, although researchers identified threshold levels of

  6. Quantum potentiality revisited. (United States)

    Jaeger, Gregg


    Heisenberg offered an interpretation of the quantum state which made use of a quantitative version of an earlier notion, [Formula: see text], of Aristotle by both referring to it using its Latin name, potentia, and identifying its qualitative aspect with [Formula: see text] The relationship between this use and Aristotle's notion was not made by Heisenberg in full detail, beyond noting their common character: that of signifying the system's objective capacity to be found later to possess a property in actuality. For such actualization, Heisenberg required measurement to have taken place, an interaction with external systems that disrupts the otherwise independent, natural evolution of the quantum system. The notion of state actualization was later taken up by others, including Shimony, in the search for a law-like measurement process. Yet, the relation of quantum potentiality to Aristotle's original notion has been viewed as mainly terminological, even by those who used it thus. Here, I reconsider the relation of Heisenberg's notion to Aristotle's and show that it can be explicated in greater specificity than Heisenberg did. This is accomplished through the careful consideration of the role of potentia in physical causation and explanation, and done in order to provide a fuller understanding of this aspect of Heisenberg's approach to quantum mechanics. Most importantly, it is pointed out that Heisenberg's requirement of an external intervention during measurement that disrupts the otherwise independent, natural evolution of the quantum system is in accord with Aristotle's characterization of spontaneous causation. Thus, the need for a teleological understanding of the actualization of potentia, an often assumed requirement that has left this fundamental notion neglected, is seen to be spurious.This article is part of the themed issue 'Second quantum revolution: foundational questions'. © 2017 The Author(s).

  7. Quantum potentiality revisited (United States)

    Jaeger, Gregg


    Heisenberg offered an interpretation of the quantum state which made use of a quantitative version of an earlier notion, , of Aristotle by both referring to it using its Latin name, potentia, and identifying its qualitative aspect with . The relationship between this use and Aristotle's notion was not made by Heisenberg in full detail, beyond noting their common character: that of signifying the system's objective capacity to be found later to possess a property in actuality. For such actualization, Heisenberg required measurement to have taken place, an interaction with external systems that disrupts the otherwise independent, natural evolution of the quantum system. The notion of state actualization was later taken up by others, including Shimony, in the search for a law-like measurement process. Yet, the relation of quantum potentiality to Aristotle's original notion has been viewed as mainly terminological, even by those who used it thus. Here, I reconsider the relation of Heisenberg's notion to Aristotle's and show that it can be explicated in greater specificity than Heisenberg did. This is accomplished through the careful consideration of the role of potentia in physical causation and explanation, and done in order to provide a fuller understanding of this aspect of Heisenberg's approach to quantum mechanics. Most importantly, it is pointed out that Heisenberg's requirement of an external intervention during measurement that disrupts the otherwise independent, natural evolution of the quantum system is in accord with Aristotle's characterization of spontaneous causation. Thus, the need for a teleological understanding of the actualization of potentia, an often assumed requirement that has left this fundamental notion neglected, is seen to be spurious. This article is part of the themed issue `Second quantum revolution: foundational questions'.

  8. Identifying potential academic leaders (United States)

    White, David; Krueger, Paul; Meaney, Christopher; Antao, Viola; Kim, Florence; Kwong, Jeffrey C.


    Objective To identify variables associated with willingness to undertake leadership roles among academic family medicine faculty. Design Web-based survey. Bivariate and multivariable analyses (logistic regression) were used to identify variables associated with willingness to undertake leadership roles. Setting Department of Family and Community Medicine at the University of Toronto in Ontario. Participants A total of 687 faculty members. Main outcome measures Variables related to respondents’ willingness to take on various academic leadership roles. Results Of all 1029 faculty members invited to participate in the survey, 687 (66.8%) members responded. Of the respondents, 596 (86.8%) indicated their level of willingness to take on various academic leadership roles. Multivariable analysis revealed that the predictors associated with willingness to take on leadership roles were as follows: pursuit of professional development opportunities (odds ratio [OR] 3.79, 95% CI 2.29 to 6.27); currently holding at least 1 leadership role (OR 5.37, 95% CI 3.38 to 8.53); a history of leadership training (OR 1.86, 95% CI 1.25 to 2.78); the perception that mentorship is important for one’s current role (OR 2.25, 95% CI 1.40 to 3.60); and younger age (OR 0.97, 95% CI 0.95 to 0.99). Conclusion Willingness to undertake new or additional leadership roles was associated with 2 variables related to leadership experiences, 2 variables related to perceptions of mentorship and professional development, and 1 demographic variable (younger age). Interventions that support opportunities in these areas might expand the pool and strengthen the academic leadership potential of faculty members. PMID:27331226

  9. Resonant state expansions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lind, P.


    The completeness properties of the discrete set of bound state, virtual states and resonances characterizing the system of a single nonrelativistic particle moving in a central cutoff potential is investigated. From a completeness relation in terms of these discrete states and complex scattering states one can derive several Resonant State Expansions (RSE). It is interesting to obtain purely discrete expansion which, if valid, would significantly simplify the treatment of the continuum. Such expansions can be derived using Mittag-Leffler (ML) theory for a cutoff potential and it would be nice to see if one can obtain the same expansions starting from an eigenfunction theory that is not restricted to a finite sphere. The RSE of Greens functions is especially important, e.g. in the continuum RPA (CRPA) method of treating giant resonances in nuclear physics. The convergence of RSE is studied in simple cases using square well wavefunctions in order to achieve high numerical accuracy. Several expansions can be derived from each other by using the theory of analytic functions and one can the see how to obtain a natural discretization of the continuum. Since the resonance wavefunctions are oscillating with an exponentially increasing amplitude, and therefore have to be interpreted through some regularization procedure, every statement made about quantities involving such states is checked by numerical calculations.Realistic nuclear wavefunctions, generated by a Wood-Saxon potential, are used to test also the usefulness of RSE in a realistic nuclear calculation. There are some fundamental differences between different symmetries of the integral contour that defines the continuum in RSE. One kind of symmetry is necessary to have an expansion of the unity operator that is idempotent. Another symmetry must be used if we want purely discrete expansions. These are found to be of the same form as given by ML. (29 refs.).

  10. PV potential and potential PV rent in European regions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Anders Chr.; Thorn, Paul


    The paper provides a GIS based model for assessing the potentials of photovoltaic electricity in Europe by NUTS 2 regions. The location specific energy potential per PV-­‐panel area is estimated based on observations of solar irradiation, conversion efficiency, levelised costs and the social value...... of PV-­‐electricity. Combined with the potential density of PV-­‐panel area based on land cover and environental restrictions, the PV energy potential and the potential PV ressource rent is calculated. These calculations enbable the model to estimate the regional patterns at NUTS 2 level...

  11. VT Act 174 Wind Potential (United States)

    Vermont Center for Geographic Information — (Link to Metadata) The statewide wind potential layer used in the Act 174 effort represents three combined wind resource layers: Potential Residential and Small and...

  12. Evaluating Pesticides for Carcinogenic Potential (United States)

    EPA reviews pesticides for potential carcinogenicity. Learn about EPA's guidelines for evaluating a chemical's potential carcinogenicity and updates to EPA's guidelines to reflect increased understanding of ways chemicals may cause cancer.

  13. Potential and the early human.


    Watt, H.


    Some form of potential or "capacity" is often seen as evidence of human moral status. Opinions differ as to whether the potential of the embryo should be regarded as such evidence. In this paper, I discuss some common arguments against regarding the embryo's potential as a sign of human status, together with some less common arguments in favour of regarding the embryo's potential in this way.

  14. Dynamical torsion and torsion potential


    Xie, Hong-Jun; Shirafuji, Takeshi


    We introduce a generalized tetrad which plays the role of a potential for torsion and makes torsion dynamic. Starting from the Einstein-Cartan action with torsion, we get two field equations, the Einstein equation and the torsion field equation by using the metric tensor and the torsion potential as independent variables; in the former equation the torsion potential plays the role of a matter field. We also discuss properties of local linear transformations of the torsion potential and give a...

  15. Fusion and quasifission studies for the 40Ca+186W,192Os reactions (United States)

    Prasad, E.; Hinde, D. J.; Williams, E.; Dasgupta, M.; Carter, I. P.; Cook, K. J.; Jeung, D. Y.; Luong, D. H.; Palshetkar, C. S.; Rafferty, D. C.; Ramachandran, K.; Simenel, C.; Wakhle, A.


    Background: All elements above atomic number 113 have been synthesized using hot fusion reactions with calcium beams on statically deformed actinide target nuclei. Quasifission and fusion-fission are the two major mechanisms responsible for the very low production cross sections of superheavy elements. Purpose: To achieve a quantitative measurement of capture and quasifission characteristics as a function of beam energy in reactions forming heavy compound systems using calcium beams as projectiles. Methods: Fission fragment mass-angle distributions were measured for the two reactions 40Ca+186W and 40C+192Os, populating 226Pu and 232Cm compound nuclei, respectively, using the Heavy Ion Accelerator Facility and CUBE spectrometer at the Australian National University. Mass ratio distributions, angular distributions, and total fission cross sections were obtained from the experimental data. Simulations to match the features of the experimental mass-angle distributions were performed using a classical phenomenological approach. Results: Both 40Ca+186W and 40C+192Os reactions show strong mass-angle correlations at all energies measured. A maximum fusion probability of 60 -70 % is estimated for the two reactions in the energy range of the present study. Coupled-channels calculations assuming standard Woods-Saxon potential parameters overpredict the capture cross sections. Large nuclear potential diffuseness parameters ˜1.5 fm are required to fit the total capture cross sections. The presence of a weak mass-asymmetric quasifission component attributed to the higher angular momentum events can be reproduced with a shorter average sticking time but longer mass-equilibration time constant. Conclusions: The deduced above-barrier capture cross sections suggest that the dissipative processes are already occurring outside the capture barrier. The mass-angle correlations indicate that a compact shape is not achieved for deformation aligned collisions with lower capture barriers

  16. Gamow-Teller strength distributions in 76Ge, 76,82Se, and 90,92Zr by the deformed proton-neutron QRPA (United States)

    Ha, Eunja; Cheoun, Myung-Ki


    The deformed proton-neutron quasiparticle random phase approximation (QRPA) has been developed and applied to evaluate Gamow-Teller (GT) transition strength distributions, including high-lying excited states. The data of high-lying excited states are recently available beyond one or two nucleon threshold by charge exchange reactions using hundreds of MeV projectiles. Our calculations started with single-particle states calculated using a deformed, axially symmetric Woods-Saxon potential. The neutron-neutron and proton-proton pairing correlations are explicitly taken into account at the deformed Bardeen-Cooper-Schriffer theory. Additionally, the ground state correlations and two-particle and two-hole mixing states were included in the deformed QRPA. In this work, we used a realistic two-body interaction, given by the Brueckner G-matrix based on the CD Bonn potential to reduce the ambiguity on the nucleon-nucleon interactions inside nuclei. We applied our formalism to the GT transition strengths for 76Ge, 76,82Se, and 90,92Zr, and compared the results with the available experimental data. The GT strength distributions were sensitive to the deformation parameter as well as its sign, i.e., oblate or prolate. The Ikeda sum rule, which is usually thought to be satisfied under the one-body current approximation, regardless of nucleon models, was used to test our numerical calculations and shown to be satisfied without introducing the quenching factor, if high-lying GT excited states were properly taken into account. Most of the GT strength distributions of the nuclei considered in this work have the high-lying GT excited states beyond one-nucleon threshold, which are shown to be consistent with the available experimental data.

  17. Higgs potential and fundamental physics (United States)

    Melo, Ivan


    Physics associated with the Higgs field potential is rich and interesting and deserves a concise summary for a broader audience to appreciate the beauty and the challenges of this subject. We discuss the role of the Higgs potential in particle physics, in particular in spontaneous symmetry breaking and in mass generation using an example of a simple reflection symmetry, then continue with temperature and quantum corrections to the potential which lead us to the naturalness problem and vacuum stability.

  18. On the cusp anomalous dimension in the ladder limit of N=4 SYM

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Beccaria, Matteo; Fachechi, Alberto; Macorini, Guido [Dipartimento di Matematica e Fisica “Ennio De Giorgi”, Università del Salento,Via Arnesano, 73100 Lecce (Italy); INFN,Via Arnesano, 73100 Lecce (Italy)


    We analyze the cusp anomalous dimension in the (leading) ladder limit of N=4 SYM and present new results for its higher-order perturbative expansion. We study two different limits with respect to the cusp angle ϕ. The first is the light-like regime where x=e{sup i} {sup ϕ}→0. This limit is characterised by a non-trivial expansion of the cusp anomaly as a sum of powers of log x, where the maximum exponent increases with the loop order. The coefficients of this expansion have remarkable transcendentality features and can be expressed by products of single zeta values. We show that the whole logarithmic expansion is fully captured by a solvable Woods-Saxon like one-dimensional potential. From the exact solution, we extract generating functions for the cusp anomaly as well as for the various specific transcendental structures appearing therein. The second limit that we discuss is the regime of small cusp angle. In this somewhat simpler case, we show how to organise the quantum mechanical perturbation theory in a novel efficient way by means of a suitable all-order Ansatz for the ground state of the associated Schrödinger problem. Our perturbative setup allows to systematically derive higher-order perturbative corrections in powers of the cusp angle as explicit non-perturbative functions of the effective coupling. This series approximation is compared with the numerical solution of the Schrödinger equation to show that we can achieve very good accuracy over the whole range of coupling and cusp angle. Our results have been obtained by relatively simple techniques. Nevertheless, they provide several non-trivial tests useful to check the application of Quantum Spectral Curve methods to the ladder approximation at non zero ϕ, in the two limits we studied.

  19. Complete and incomplete fusion dynamics of {sup 6,7}Li + {sup 159}Tb reactions near the Coulomb barrier

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gautam, Manjeet Singh [Thapar University, School of Physics and Materials Science, Patiala (India); Indus Degree College, Department of Physics, Kinana, Jind, Haryana (India); Grover, Neha; Sharma, Manoj K. [Thapar University, School of Physics and Materials Science, Patiala (India)


    The complete fusion (CF) and incomplete fusion (ICF) cross-sections are estimated for {sup 6,} {sup 7}Li + {sup 159}Tb reactions using the energy-dependent Woods-Saxon potential model (EDWSP model) and dynamical cluster-decay model (DCM). The CF data of the {sup 6}Li + {sup 159}Tb({sup 7}Li + {sup 159}Tb) reaction at above barrier energies is suppressed with reference to expectations of the EDWSP model by 25% (20%) which is smaller than the reported data by ∝ 9% (6%). This suppression is correlated with the projectile breakup effect. The projectiles {sup 6,7}Li are loosely bound systems, which may break up into charged fragments prior to reaching the fusion barrier and subsequently one of the fragment is captured by the target leading to the suppression of fusion data at above barrier energies. The sum of CF and ICF, which is termed as total fusion cross-section (TF), removes the discrepancies between theoretical predictions and the above barrier complete fusion data and hence is adequately explained via the EDWSP model over a wide range of energy spread across the Coulomb barrier. In addition to fusion, the decay mechanism of {sup 6}Li + {sup 159}Tb reaction is studied within the framework of the dynamical cluster-decay model (DCM). The breakup of the projectile ({sup 6}Li) in the entrance channel indicates the presence of ICF, which is investigated further using the collective clusterization approach of DCM. The present theoretical analysis suggests that a larger barrier modification is needed to address the fusion data of chosen reactions in the below barrier energy region. (orig.)

  20. Self-coherent Hartree-Fock theory and the microscopic symmetries of the nucleus; Theorie autocoherente de Hartree-Fock et les symetries microscopiques du noyau

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bouguettoucha, A.


    A possible effects of the C{sub 4}-symmetry in the superdeformed nuclei of the A {approx}150 mass range has been studied microscopically using cranking Strutinsky method with the deformed Woods-Saxon potential and the Hartree-Fock approach with the Skyrme interaction. If the existence of such a symmetry is judged by the moments Q{sub 44}, the results of the calculation indicate a very weak effect of this kind. Four new superdeformed bands in the {sup 148}Gd nucleus have been studied in reaction to the recent experimental observations (Eurogam Phase 2): a backbending has been tentatively observed at very high rotational frequency in the third excited band. One of the other bands exhibits a J{sup (2)} moment very similar to that of the yrast band in {sup 152}Dy, and this is the first example of identical bands which differ by four mass units. Calculations with the methods mentioned above have been used to analyse the band structure in terms of the nucleonic configurations. Calculation have been performed for some nuclear configurations predicted to involve the exotic octupole deformations (Y{sub 30-}`pear shapes`; Y{sub 31-}`banana mode`; Y{sub 32-}`T{sub d}-symmetry` and Y{sub 33-}`C{sub 3}-symmetry`). While the previous calculations based on the Strutinsky method could not treat the coupling between those modes, the Hartree-Fock approach allows to see for the first time in which propositions the various modes couple. (author). 116 refs.

  1. Plasmas: Diversity, pervasiveness and potential

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eastman, Timothy E.


    When considered inclusively, plasma science and technology encompass immense diversity, pervasiveness and potential: diversity through numerous topical areas (see list of nearly 200 in Table II); pervasiveness with examples covering the full range of energy, time and spatial scale; and potential through innumerable current and future applications.

  2. Supermodular Games and Potential Games


    Brânzei, R.; Mallozzi, L.; Tijs, S.H.


    Potential games and supermodular games are attractive games, especially because under certain conditions they possess pure Nash equilibria. Subclasses of games with a potential are considered which are also strategically equivalent to supermodular games. The focus is on two-person zero-sum games and two-person Cournot games.

  3. Supermodular Games and Potential Games

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brânzei, R.; Mallozzi, L.; Tijs, S.H.


    Potential games and supermodular games are attractive games, especially because under certain conditions they possess pure Nash equilibria. Subclasses of games with a potential are considered which are also strategically equivalent to supermodular games. The focus is on two-person zero-sum games and

  4. Potential for structural lumber substitutes (United States)

    Theodore L. Laufenberg


    The potential for substitution of structural wood composites into solid-sawn lumber markets is presented from the technological viewpoint. Technological limitations of existing composite processes and products are reviewed in the context of the present laminated veneer lumber (LVL), flakeboard, and fiber/ paper industries. The limits of mechanical property potential...

  5. Fertility potential after unilateral orchiopexy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cortes, D; Thorup, J M; Lindenberg, S


    . CONCLUSIONS: The age matched number of spermatogonia per tubular cross section is significant in regard to fertility potential, and a value of 1% or less (approximately Sertoli cells only) may predict low fertility potential. To our knowledge Sertoli cells only have not been observed before 15 months of life...

  6. Spacetime Metrics from Gauge Potentials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ettore Minguzzi


    Full Text Available I present an approach to gravity in which the spacetime metric is constructed from a non-Abelian gauge potential with values in the Lie algebra of the group U(2 (or the Lie algebra of quaternions. If the curvature of this potential vanishes, the metric reduces to a canonical curved background form reminiscent of the Friedmann S3 cosmological metric.

  7. Exploring the potential of the São Paulo Potential

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shorto J.M.B.


    Full Text Available Recent development of an imaginary potential based on the São Paulo potential is briefly presented. Further developments of the model in order to describe weakly bound systems (e.g. 7Li +120Sn are discussed and compared to experimental data. New preliminary data on the 18O+110Pd transitional system are also presented and apparent similarities to the weakly bound case are commented.

  8. Potential theory—selected topics

    CERN Document Server

    Aikawwa, Hiroaki


    The first part of these lecture notes is an introduction to potential theory to prepare the reader for later parts, which can be used as the basis for a series of advanced lectures/seminars on potential theory/harmonic analysis. Topics covered in the book include minimal thinness, quasiadditivity of capacity, applications of singular integrals to potential theory, L(p)-capacity theory, fine limits of the Nagel-Stein boundary limit theorem and integrability of superharmonic functions. The notes are written for an audience familiar with the theory of integration, distributions and basic functional analysis.

  9. Potential Theory Surveys and Problems

    CERN Document Server

    Lukeš, Jaroslav; Netuka, Ivan; Veselý, Jiří


    The volume comprises eleven survey papers based on survey lectures delivered at the Conference in Prague in July 1987, which covered various facets of potential theory, including its applications in other areas. The survey papers deal with both classical and abstract potential theory and its relations to partial differential equations, stochastic processes and other branches such as numerical analysis and topology. A collection of problems from potential theory, compiled on the occasion of the conference, is included, with additional commentaries, in the second part of this volume.

  10. Vector Games with Potential Function

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucia Pusillo


    Full Text Available The theory of non cooperative games with potential function was introduced by Monderer and Shapley in 1996. Such games have interesting properties, among which is the existence of equilibria in pure strategies. The paper by Monderer and Shapley has inspired many game theory researchers. In the present paper, many classes of multiobjective games with potential functions are studied. The notions of generalized, best-reply and Pareto potential games are introduced in a multicriteria setting. Some properties and Pareto equilibria are investigated.

  11. Potential Leaders and Democratic Values (United States)

    Monsma, Stephen V.


    Indicates that potential contenders for public office are likely to be more knowledgeable, interested, and libertarian than the average citizen. Concludes that these differences exist before leaders are elected and that this discrimination is functional in a democracy. (MB)

  12. Singular potentials in quantum mechanics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aguilera-Navarro, V.C. [Instituto de Fisica Teorica (IFT), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Koo, E. Ley [Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Mexico City (Mexico). Inst. de Fisica


    This paper is a review of some mathematical methods as recently developed and applied to deal with singular potentials in Quantum Mechanics. Regular and singular perturbative methods as well as variational treatments are considered. (author). 25 refs.



    Djurdja Solesa-Grijak; Dragan Solesa; Nedjo Kojic


    To know yourself and to act accordingly has been seen as a moral imperative throughout history. The aim of this research was to determine potential of students for authentic leadership and relation between their authentic personality and potential for authentic leadership. The sample consisted of students (N=133) from Serbia (male – 59% and female – 41%). The average age of students was M=21.9. Instruments used were Authenticity Scale (Wood et al., 2008) and Authentic Leadership Self-Assessme...

  14. The Biodiversity Informatics Potential Index


    Ariño Arturo H; Chavan Vishwas; King Nick


    Abstract Background Biodiversity informatics is a relatively new discipline extending computer science in the context of biodiversity data, and its development to date has not been uniform throughout the world. Digitizing effort and capacity building are costly, and ways should be found to prioritize them rationally. The proposed 'Biodiversity Informatics Potential (BIP) Index' seeks to fulfill such a prioritization role. We propose that the potential for biodiversity informatics be assessed ...

  15. Finite-Temperature Higgs Potentials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dolgopolov M.V.


    Full Text Available In the present article we consider the short description of the “Finite-Temperature Higgs Potentials” program for calculating loop integrals at vanishing external momenta and applications for extended Higgs potentials reconstructions. Here we collect the analytic forms of the relevant loop integrals for our work in reconstruction of the effective Higgs potential parameters in extended models (MSSM, NMSSM and etc..


    Hagiwara, Kensuke; Hanasaki, Naota; Kanae, Shinjiro

    Bioenergy is regarded as clean energy due to its characteristics and expected to be a new support of world energy de¬mand, but there are few integrated assessments of the potential of bioenergy considering sustainable land use. We esti¬mated the global bioenergy potential with an integrated global water resources model, the H08. It can simulate the crop yields on global-scale at a spatial resolution of 0.50.5. Seven major crops in the world were considered; namely, maize, sugar beet, sugar cane, soybean, rapeseed, rice, and wheat, of which the first 5 are commonly used to produce biofuel now. Three different land-cover types were chosen as potential area for cultivation of biofuel-producing crop: fallow land, grassland, and portion of forests (excluding areas sensitive for biodiversity such as frontier forest). We attempted to estimate the maximum global bioenergy potential and it was estimated to be 1120EJ. Bioenergy potential depends on land-use limitations for the protection of bio-diversity and security of food. In another condition which assumed more land-use limitations, bioenergy potential was estimated to be 70-233EJ.

  17. Spatiotemporal deformations of reflectionless potentials (United States)

    Horsley, S. A. R.; Longhi, S.


    Reflectionless potentials for classical or matter waves represent an important class of scatteringless systems encountered in different areas of physics. Here we mathematically demonstrate that there is a family of non-Hermitian potentials that, in contrast to their Hermitian counterparts, remain reflectionless even when deformed in space or time. These are the profiles that satisfy the spatial Kramers-Kronig relations. We start by considering scattering of matter waves for the Schrödinger equation with an external field, where a moving potential is observed in the Kramers-Henneberger reference frame. We then generalize this result to the case of electromagnetic waves, by considering a slab of reflectionless material that both is scaled and has its center displaced as an arbitrary function of position. We analytically and numerically demonstrate that the backscattering from these profiles remains zero, even for extreme deformations. Our results indicate the supremacy of non-Hermitian Kramers-Kronig potentials over reflectionless Hermitian potentials in keeping their reflectionless property under deformation and could find applications to, e.g., reflectionless optical coatings of highly deformed surfaces based on perfect absorption.

  18. Streaming potential measurements of biosurfaces (United States)

    Van Wagenen, R. A.; Andrade, J. D.; Hibbs, J. B., Jr.


    A technique based on the measurement of streaming potentials has been developed to evaluate the electrokinetic region of the cell periphery. This approach is feasible for cell lines propagated in in-vitro cell cultures in monolayer form. The advantage of this system is that cells may be evaluated in the living state atttached to a substrate; it is not necessary to subject the cells to enzymatic, chemical, or mechanical trauma required to obtain monodisperse suspensions which are then normally evaluated by microelectrophoresis. In this manner, it should be possible to study the influence of substrate and environmental factors on the charge density and potential at the cell periphery. The apparatus and procedure are described as well as some results concerning the electrokinetic potential of borosilicate capillaries as a function of ionic strength, pH, and temperature. The effect that turbulence and entrance flow conditions have on accurate streaming-potential measurements is discussed. The electrokinetic potential of BALB/c 3T12 fibroblasts has been quantified as a function of pH, ionic strength, glutaraldehyde fixation, and Giemsa staining.

  19. The Potential of Conductivity, Redox Potential and Dissolved ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The aim of this study was therefore to explore the potential of DO, Eh and Co in milk quality assessment. Raw milk, lactoperoxidase system (LP-s) activated raw milk and LP-s activated Ultra High Temperature (UHT) milk inoculated singly with pure strains were used in this study. The performances of DO, Eh and Co in ...

  20. The potential of biogas energy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Acaroglu, M.; Hepbasli, A. [Selcuk University, Konya (Turkey). Technical Science College, Department of Agricultural Machinery; Kocar, G. [Ege University, Izmir (Turkey). Solar Energy Institute


    Biogas technology has been known about for a long time, but in recent years the interest in it has significantly increased, especially due to the higher costs and the rapid depletion of fossil fuels as well as their environmental considerations. The main objective of the present study is to investigate the potential of biogas energy in the 15 European Union (EU) countries and in Turkey, which is seeking admission to the EU and is trying to meet EU environmental standards. Biogas energy potential of the 15 EU countries is estimated to be about 800 PJ. Besides this, Turkey's annual animal waste potential is obtained to be about 11.81 million tons with a biogas energy equivalent of 53.6 PJ. It is expected that this study will be helpful in developing highly applicable and productive planning for energy policies towards the optimum utilization of biogas energy. (author)

  1. Image potential in lossy dielectrics (United States)

    Lenac, Z.


    The interaction of a point charge with surrounding media ( the image potential) is analyzed using the quantum-mechanical description of dielectrics that consistently takes losses in media into account. We have derived a real dielectric function (without an imaginary part) appropriate for lossy dielectrics which, compared to the lossless one, significantly changes the image potential in the standard (first-order) calculations. However, when one adds to the Hamiltonian all higher-order terms caused by the losses, one finds that the image potential remains the same, as if there were no losses in media. Our calculations are approximative when analyzing complicated systems with various lossy dielectrics, but in some simple and essential cases ( e.g., a dielectric plate) we are able to give the exact proof.

  2. Fertility potential after unilateral orchiopexy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cortes, D; Thorup, J M; Lindenberg, S


    PURPOSE: We evaluated whether adult fertility potential was better when unilateral orchiopexy was done at ages 2 to 6 years or later, and we identified those at risk for infertility. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Unilateral orchiopexy was performed simultaneously with testicular biopsy in 11 patients 2...... similar fertility potentials were found in adulthood. Five of the 65 patients (7.7%, 95% confidence limits 2.5 to 17%) may experience infertility, representing 33% of both groups with less than 1% of the age matched number of spermatogonia per tubular transverse section (approximately no germ cells......) in the biopsy specimen at orchiopexy. CONCLUSIONS: Between ages 2 and 12 years the timing of unilateral orchiopexy may vary without an effect on subsequent fertility potential. When biopsy at surgery lacks germ cells, there is an approximately 33% age independent risk of subsequent infertility. Otherwise...

  3. Potential Theory of Multicomponent Adsorption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Shapiro, Alexander; Stenby, Erling Halfdan


    We developed a theory of multicomponent adsorption on the basis of the potential concept originally suggested by Polanyi. The mixture is considered as a heterogeneous substance segregated in the external field emitted by the adsorbent. The same standard equation of state, with no additional fitting...... parameters, is used for the segregated and for the bulk phases. With this approach, few parameters are needed to correlate pure component adsorption isotherms. These parameters may be used to predict adsorption equilibria of multicomponent mixtures without additional adjustment. A connection between...... the potential theory and the spreading pressure concept is established, and problems of the theory consistency are studied. Numerical algorithms are suggested for evaluation of the segregated state of the mixture in the potential field of adsorption forces. Comparison with experimental data shows good agreement...

  4. Handbook methane potential; Handbok metanpotential

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carlsson, My (AnoxKaldnes AB (Sweden)); Schnurer, Anna (Swedish Univ. of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala (Sweden))


    Before using a organic material for biogas production it is essential to evaluate the methane production potential. The methane potential is one important tool possible to use during planning of new plants but also when new materials are considered for already running biogas plants. The chemical composition of different organic material varies extensively and this will have an impact on both the degradability and the methane potential. Information about the methane potential of a specific material can sometimes be found in the literature or can be calculated after a chemical/ physical or biological characterization. Here, the BMP test (Biochemical Methane Potential) is a commonly used method. Today the BMP test is a commonly used method to determine the methane potential. Many national and international research groups, consultants as well as personal at biogas plants are using this method and there is a lot of data available in the literature from such tests. In addition there are several protocols giving guidelines on how to execute a BMP-test. The BMP-test is performed in many different ways, not always under optimized conditions, and there is a lack of information on how to interpret the obtained data. This report summarizes knowledge from the literature and the experience from a Swedish referee group, consisting of persons being active performers of BMP-tests. The report does not include a standardized protocol as the procedure can be performed in different ways depending on available equipment and on the type of material to be tested. Instead the report discusses different factors of great importance for a successful test giving reliable results. The report also summarizes important information concerning the interpretation and how to present results in order to allow comparison of data from different test.

  5. Diatomic interaction potential theory applications

    CERN Document Server

    Goodisman, Jerry


    Diatomic Interaction Potential Theory, Volume 2: Applications discusses the variety of applicable theoretical material and approaches in the calculations for diatomic systems in their ground states. The volume covers the descriptions and illustrations of modern calculations. Chapter I discusses the calculation of the interaction potential for large and small values of the internuclear distance R (separated and united atom limits). Chapter II covers the methods used for intermediate values of R, which in principle means any values of R. The Hartree-Fock and configuration interaction schemes des

  6. Translating barriers into potential improvements

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Altintzoglou, Themistoklis; Hansen, Karina Birch; Valsdottir, Thora


    Purpose: The aim of this study is to explore potential barriers to seafood consumption by The aim of this study is to explore potential barriers to seafood consumption by young adults and the parents of young children. Knowledge of these barriers will be used to assist the development of new...... about the amount of effort required to prepare it. These concerns resulted in an expression of their need for products that are attractive, healthy, palatable, and convenient. In particular, the newly developed products should be accompanied by clear advice on preparation methods and materials...

  7. Death Education and Suicide Potentiality. (United States)

    Rosenthal, Nina Ribak


    Assessed whether a death education course attracted students with significantly different attitudes toward death. Results indicated that the death education class did attract persons with greater acceptance of suicide and death. The course tended to further decrease avoidance and increase acceptance. Potentiality for committing suicide was not…


    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Prof. Adipala Ekwamu

    Thus, Pf5 the powerful siderophore producer (866 µg mg-1 protein) has the potential to suppress the activity of pathogens and enhance the plant growth. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT. The financial support provided for this work by the University Grants Commission, South Eastern. Regional Office, Hyderabad [File No. MRP-658/.

  9. Manyfield inflation in random potentials (United States)

    Bjorkmo, Theodor; Marsh, M. C. David


    We construct models of inflation with many randomly interacting fields and use these to study the generation of cosmological observables. We model the potentials as multi-dimensional Gaussian random fields (GRFs) and identify powerful algebraic simplifications that, for the first time, make it possible to access the manyfield limit of inflation in GRF potentials. Focussing on small-field, slow-roll, approximate saddle-point inflation in potentials with structure on sub-Planckian scales, we construct explicit examples involving up to 100 fields and generate statistical ensembles comprising of 164,000 models involving 5 to 50 fields. For the subset of these that support at least sixty e-folds of inflation, we use the 'transport method' and δ N formalism to determine the predictions for cosmological observables at the end of inflation, including the power spectrum and the local non-Gaussianities of the primordial perturbations. We find three key results: i) Planck compatibility is not rare, but future experiments may rule out this class of models; ii) In the manyfield limit, the predictions from these models agree well with, but are sharper than, previous results derived using potentials constructed through non-equilibrium Random Matrix Theory; iii) Despite substantial multifield effects, non-Gaussianities are typically very small: fNLloc ll 1. We conclude that many of the 'generic predictions' of single-field inflation can be emergent features of complex inflation models.

  10. Potential methane reservoirs beneath Antarctica

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wadham, J.L.; Arndt, S.|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/304835706; Tulaczyk, S.; Stibal, M.; Tranter, M.; Telling, J.; Lis, G.P.; Lawson, E.; Ridgwell, A.; Dubnick, A.; Sharp, M.J.; Anesio, A.M.; Butler, C.E.H.


    Once thought to be devoid of life, the ice-covered parts of Antarctica are now known to be a reservoir of metabolically active microbial cells and organic carbon. The potential for methanogenic archaea to support the degradation of organic carbon to methane beneath the ice, however, has not yet been

  11. Geometric phase and quantum potential


    Dandoloff, R.


    We show that the geometric phase of Levy-Leblond arises from a low of parallel transport for wave functions and point out that this phase belongs to a new class of geometric phases due to the presence of a quantum potential.

  12. Smartphones: A Potential Discovery Tool

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wendy Starkweather


    Full Text Available The anticipated wide adoption of smartphones by researchers is viewed by the authors as a basis for developing mobile-based services. In response to the UNLV Libraries’ strategic plan’s focus on experimentation and outreach, the authors investigate the current and potential role of smartphones as a valuable discovery tool for library users.

  13. Evolutionary potential games on lattices

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Szabó, György, E-mail:; Borsos, István, E-mail:


    Game theory provides a general mathematical background to study the effect of pair interactions and evolutionary rules on the macroscopic behavior of multi-player games where players with a finite number of strategies may represent a wide scale of biological objects, human individuals, or even their associations. In these systems the interactions are characterized by matrices that can be decomposed into elementary matrices (games) and classified into four types. The concept of decomposition helps the identification of potential games and also the evaluation of the potential that plays a crucial role in the determination of the preferred Nash equilibrium, and defines the Boltzmann distribution towards which these systems evolve for suitable types of dynamical rules. This survey draws parallel between the potential games and the kinetic Ising type models which are investigated for a wide scale of connectivity structures. We discuss briefly the applicability of the tools and concepts of statistical physics and thermodynamics. Additionally the general features of ordering phenomena, phase transitions and slow relaxations are outlined and applied to evolutionary games. The discussion extends to games with three or more strategies. Finally we discuss what happens when the system is weakly driven out of the “equilibrium state” by adding non-potential components representing games of cyclic dominance.

  14. Bitcoin's Potential for Going Mainstream

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kasiyanto, Safari


    This paper reviews the possibility of bringing Bitcoin into the mainstream. In so doing, it elaborates the potential and obstacles of the Bitcoin system and what it would take for it to go mainstream. A cross-cutting discussion provides a helicopter view and encompasses the technical, economic,

  15. [Late potentials and ventricular arrhythmia]. (United States)

    Adamec, R; Zimmermann, M


    When electrodes are placed at the surface of the thorax, high-amplification electrocardiography (HA-ECG) combined with signal summation as a function of time provides a non-invasive method for detecting electric potentials occurring after the QRS complex of the clinical electrocardiogram. These potentials are called late, and can probably be likened to the "divided" or "fragmented" potentials recorded directly on the heart or in its ventricles near zones of ischemia, infarction or aneurysm. The prevalence of late potentials of ventricular activation (LPVA) and their association with the occurrence of ventricular arrhythmias seems well established, notably in the presence of ventricular aneurysm and anamnesis of severe ventricular arrhythmia. Some studies have shown that detection of LPVAs is of value in identifying heart patients at risk of ventricular arrhythmia or sudden death. Heart disease aside, the presence of LPVAs has been demonstrated in arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia and reported in Fallot's tetralogy after complete correction. A standardization of recordings and a more precise definition of LPVAs are necessary before HA-ECG can become a routine clinical method. Further, the possibility of "beat by beat" recordings with "spatial" summation will allow detection of LPVAs which vary with time and in nature and hence provide a better understanding of the genesis of ventricular arrhythmias.

  16. Riesz potential versus fractional Laplacian

    KAUST Repository

    Ortigueira, Manuel Duarte


    This paper starts by introducing the Grünwald-Letnikov derivative, the Riesz potential and the problem of generalizing the Laplacian. Based on these ideas, the generalizations of the Laplacian for 1D and 2D cases are studied. It is presented as a fractional version of the Cauchy-Riemann conditions and, finally, it is discussed with the n-dimensional Laplacian.

  17. Health Educational Potentials of Technologies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Magnussen, Rikke; Aagaard-Hansen, Jens


    The field of health promotion technology has been in an exponential growth in recent years and smart phone applications, exer-games and self-monitoring devices has become part of fitness activities and health education. In this work-in-progress-paper theoretical perspectives for categorising...... and analysing health educational potentials of technologies are presented....

  18. Potential Theory for Directed Networks (United States)

    Zhang, Qian-Ming; Lü, Linyuan; Wang, Wen-Qiang; Zhou, Tao


    Uncovering factors underlying the network formation is a long-standing challenge for data mining and network analysis. In particular, the microscopic organizing principles of directed networks are less understood than those of undirected networks. This article proposes a hypothesis named potential theory, which assumes that every directed link corresponds to a decrease of a unit potential and subgraphs with definable potential values for all nodes are preferred. Combining the potential theory with the clustering and homophily mechanisms, it is deduced that the Bi-fan structure consisting of 4 nodes and 4 directed links is the most favored local structure in directed networks. Our hypothesis receives strongly positive supports from extensive experiments on 15 directed networks drawn from disparate fields, as indicated by the most accurate and robust performance of Bi-fan predictor within the link prediction framework. In summary, our main contribution is twofold: (i) We propose a new mechanism for the local organization of directed networks; (ii) We design the corresponding link prediction algorithm, which can not only testify our hypothesis, but also find out direct applications in missing link prediction and friendship recommendation. PMID:23408979

  19. Ignition potential of rifle bullets (United States)

    Trevor Maynard; Mark Finney; Sara McAllister; Ian Grob


    In January 2013, the U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service's Rocky Mountain Research Station and National Technology and Development Centers performed experiments to evaluate the potential for rifle bullets to ignite organic matter after striking hard surfaces. Outdoor target shooting is often suspected as a wildfire cause, but investigators currently do...

  20. Hydrogeological Investigation and Groundwater Potential ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The paper assesses groundwater quality and productivity in Haromaya watershed, eastern Ethiopia. Continuous pumping test data, collected from seven boreholes was used to determine productivity of the aquifers. 14 water samples were tested for water quality. The aquifers on the basis of permeability, potential and ...

  1. The hydrogeothermal potential of Southern Hesse; Das hydrogeothermische Potential Suedhessens

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fitzer, C.; Fluhrer, S.; Sanner, B.; Knoblich, K. [Giessen Univ. (Germany). Inst. fuer Angewandte Geowissenschaften


    The paper investigates rock series suited as storage media and the temperature distribution in the subsurface of Southern Hesse. It gives an idea of the possibilities for hydrogeothermal energy use in the area. The densily populated Rhein-Main-region provides a good demand potential for geothermal heat. A substantially elevated geothermal gradient of about 60 K/km as compared to the continental average of 30 K/km could be demonstrated in the northern part of the Upper Rhine Graben. Thermal anomalies could be localised. The Rotliegend-layers (Perm) provide the highest geothermal ressources in the region. In more shallow depth, the Hydrobia layers (Teritary) show reasonable values. To the north, the potential of these series decreases. Hence hydrogeothermal energy use should not be considered in the northern part of Southern Hesse. The highest potential can be expected from the Rotliegend layers in the area of Stockstadt and Biebesheim. (orig.) [Deutsch] Die Untersuchung geht auf die moeglichen Speichergesteine und die Temperaturverteilung im Untergrund Suedhessens ein und gibt einen ersten Eindruck von den Moeglichkeiten zur Nutzung der Hydrogeothermie in der Region. Fuer geothermische Waerme besteht im dicht besiedelten Rhein-Main-Gebiet eine gute Abnehmerstruktur. Im noerdlichen Oberrheingraben konnte im Mittel ein deutlich erhoehter Temperaturgradient von etwa 60 K/km gegenueber dem kontinentalen Krustendurchschnittswert von 30 K/km nachgewiesen werden. Waemeanomalien wurden lokalisiert. Die Rotliegendschichten weisen im untersuchten Gebiet eindeutig die hoechsten Ressourcen auf. In geringerer Tiefenlage erzielen die Hydrobienschichten noch beachtliche Werte. Nach Norden nimmt das Potential der Schichten ab. Daher ist von einer Nutzung der Hydrogeothermie im noerdlichen Bereich Suedhessens eher abzuraten. Die hoechsten Ressourcen in Suedhessen sind im Bereich von Stockstadt und Biebesheim in den Rotliegenschichten zu erwarten. (orig.)

  2. Geothermal heat. Potential, danger, efficiency; Erdwaerme. Potential, Gefahr, Nutzen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reichel, Wolfgang [Ingenieurbuero Timmer Reichel GmbH, Haan (Germany)


    The author of the contribution under consideration reports on the potential, danger and utilization of geothermal heat. Geothermal heat promises the solution of numerous energy problems. From the use of near-surface layers which substantially are affected by enviromental impacts such as solar radiation up to the depth use of the heat flow from the interior of the earth, there exist very different energy sources which are to be considered separately for each application.

  3. Remote RemoteRemoteRemote sensing potential for sensing ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Remote RemoteRemoteRemote sensing potential for sensing potential for sensing potential for sensing potential for sensing potential for sensing potential for sensing potential for sensing potential for sensing potential for sensing potential for sensing p.

  4. Decoupling Action Potential Bias from Cortical Local Field Potentials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephen V. David


    Full Text Available Neurophysiologists have recently become interested in studying neuronal population activity through local field potential (LFP recordings during experiments that also record the activity of single neurons. This experimental approach differs from early LFP studies because it uses high impendence electrodes that can also isolate single neuron activity. A possible complication for such studies is that the synaptic potentials and action potentials of the small subset of isolated neurons may contribute disproportionately to the LFP signal, biasing activity in the larger nearby neuronal population to appear synchronous and cotuned with these neurons. To address this problem, we used linear filtering techniques to remove features correlated with spike events from LFP recordings. This filtering procedure can be applied for well-isolated single units or multiunit activity. We illustrate the effects of this correction in simulation and on spike data recorded from primary auditory cortex. We find that local spiking activity can explain a significant portion of LFP power at most recording sites and demonstrate that removing the spike-correlated component can affect measurements of auditory tuning of the LFP.

  5. The Biodiversity Informatics Potential Index (United States)


    Background Biodiversity informatics is a relatively new discipline extending computer science in the context of biodiversity data, and its development to date has not been uniform throughout the world. Digitizing effort and capacity building are costly, and ways should be found to prioritize them rationally. The proposed 'Biodiversity Informatics Potential (BIP) Index' seeks to fulfill such a prioritization role. We propose that the potential for biodiversity informatics be assessed through three concepts: (a) the intrinsic biodiversity potential (the biological richness or ecological diversity) of a country; (b) the capacity of the country to generate biodiversity data records; and (c) the availability of technical infrastructure in a country for managing and publishing such records. Methods Broadly, the techniques used to construct the BIP Index were rank correlation, multiple regression analysis, principal components analysis and optimization by linear programming. We built the BIP Index by finding a parsimonious set of country-level human, economic and environmental variables that best predicted the availability of primary biodiversity data accessible through the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) network, and constructing an optimized model with these variables. The model was then applied to all countries for which sufficient data existed, to obtain a score for each country. Countries were ranked according to that score. Results Many of the current GBIF participants ranked highly in the BIP Index, although some of them seemed not to have realized their biodiversity informatics potential. The BIP Index attributed low ranking to most non-participant countries; however, a few of them scored highly, suggesting that these would be high-return new participants if encouraged to contribute towards the GBIF mission of free and open access to biodiversity data. Conclusions The BIP Index could potentially help in (a) identifying countries most likely to

  6. The Biodiversity Informatics Potential Index. (United States)

    Ariño, Arturo H; Chavan, Vishwas; King, Nick


    Biodiversity informatics is a relatively new discipline extending computer science in the context of biodiversity data, and its development to date has not been uniform throughout the world. Digitizing effort and capacity building are costly, and ways should be found to prioritize them rationally. The proposed 'Biodiversity Informatics Potential (BIP) Index' seeks to fulfill such a prioritization role. We propose that the potential for biodiversity informatics be assessed through three concepts: (a) the intrinsic biodiversity potential (the biological richness or ecological diversity) of a country; (b) the capacity of the country to generate biodiversity data records; and (c) the availability of technical infrastructure in a country for managing and publishing such records. Broadly, the techniques used to construct the BIP Index were rank correlation, multiple regression analysis, principal components analysis and optimization by linear programming. We built the BIP Index by finding a parsimonious set of country-level human, economic and environmental variables that best predicted the availability of primary biodiversity data accessible through the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) network, and constructing an optimized model with these variables. The model was then applied to all countries for which sufficient data existed, to obtain a score for each country. Countries were ranked according to that score. Many of the current GBIF participants ranked highly in the BIP Index, although some of them seemed not to have realized their biodiversity informatics potential. The BIP Index attributed low ranking to most nonparticipant countries; however, a few of them scored highly, suggesting that these would be high-return new participants if encouraged to contribute towards the GBIF mission of free and open access to biodiversity data. The BIP Index could potentially help in (a) identifying countries most likely to contribute to filling gaps in digitized

  7. Effective potential at three loops (United States)

    Martin, Stephen P.


    I present the effective potential at three-loop order for a general renormalizable theory, using the MS ¯ renormalization scheme and Landau gauge fixing. As applications and illustrative points of reference, the results are specialized to the supersymmetric Wess-Zumino model and to the standard model. In each case, renormalization group scale invariance provides a consistency check. In the Wess-Zumino model, the required vanishing of the minimum vacuum energy yields an additional check. For the standard model, I carry out the resummation of Goldstone boson contributions, which provides yet more opportunities for nontrivial checks, and obtain the minimization condition for the Higgs vacuum expectation value at full three-loop order. An infrared divergence due to doubled photon propagators appears in the three-loop standard model effective potential, but it does not affect the minimization condition or physical observables and can be eliminated by resummation.

  8. Classical Yang-Mills potentials

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mandula, J.E.


    Classical Coulomb-type configurations of Yang-Mills fields coupled to external sources (charges) are described and discussed. They are shown to be stable against small classical fluctuations in the fields if the Yang-Mills coupling is sufficiently small. In developing the stability analysis, massless charged scalar fields in the presence of a weak Coulomb potential are also shown to be stable to small field fluctuations. (AIP)


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gurau Calin


    Full Text Available Advergames represent a new advertising concept that uses Internet technology to implement viral marketing campaigns. Despite the potential of this interactive advertising method, very few academic studies have been initiated to investigate the characteristics of advergames, and their influence on consumers’ perceptions and behaviour. Using secondary data, this paper attempts to evaluate the characteristics of effective advergames, and to analyse the effect of advergames on players’ perceptions and behaviour.

  10. Introduction: Translating Potential into Profits

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lubinski, Christina; Kipping, Matthias


    Emerging markets trigger great expectations. Many foreign multinationals are eager to exploit the entrepreneurial opportunities potentially related to less developed but fast growing markets. This is not a new phenomenon. Multinationals from more developed countries have for long searched...... for opportunities in less developed markets and have dealt with the related challenges. Foreign environments with different needs and capabilities, unstable institutions and policies, stark fluctuations in the macroeconomic environment and unrealistic expectations are just some of the obstacles for ‘turning...

  11. Rotorcraft Icing - Progress and Potential. (United States)


    from -71C to -21-C, and LWC from 0.21 g/m 3 to 0.3 g/m 3 . Tents conducted were terminated after four flights due to significant blade damage caused...its potential to asa:st in the certif!cation proceo : :u not clear at this time. To establish -he ultimate usefulness of a low-speed spray rig, it !s



    Adhikari, Bishwa B.


    This study consists of four different aspects of canola in Michigan with special emphasis on northern Michigan. The economic feasibility of canola as an alternative cash crop, potential canola growing area, feasibility of establishing canola processing plant(s) in northern Michigan and the canola marketing situation in Michigan were appraised. Secondary data, previous research results, key informant interviews, informal visits, expert opinions and survey data were used to study these aspects ...

  13. Streaming potential of superhydrophobic microchannels. (United States)

    Park, Hung Mok; Kim, Damoa; Kim, Se Young


    For the purpose of gaining larger streaming potential, it has been suggested to employ superhydrophobic microchannels with a large velocity slip. There are two kinds of superhydrophobic surfaces, one having a smooth wall with a large Navier slip coefficient caused by the hydrophobicity of the wall material, and the other having a periodic array of no- shear slots of air pockets embedded in a nonslip wall. The electrokinetic flows over these two superhydrophobic surfaces are modelled using the Navier-Stokes equation and convection-diffusion equations of the ionic species. The Navier slip coefficient of the first kind surfaces and the no-shear slot ratio of the second kind surfaces are similar in the sense that the volumetric flow rate increases as these parameter values increase. However, although the streaming potential increases monotonically with respect to the Navier slip coefficient, it reaches a maximum and afterward decreases as the no-shear ratio increases. The results of the present investigation imply that the characterization of superhydrophobic surfaces employing only the measurement of volumetric flow rate against pressure drop is not appropriate and the fine structure of the superhydrophobic surfaces must be verified before predicting the streaming potential and electrokinetic flows accurately. © 2016 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  14. Neuronal avalanches and coherence potentials (United States)

    Plenz, D.


    The mammalian cortex consists of a vast network of weakly interacting excitable cells called neurons. Neurons must synchronize their activities in order to trigger activity in neighboring neurons. Moreover, interactions must be carefully regulated to remain weak (but not too weak) such that cascades of active neuronal groups avoid explosive growth yet allow for activity propagation over long-distances. Such a balance is robustly realized for neuronal avalanches, which are defined as cortical activity cascades that follow precise power laws. In experiments, scale-invariant neuronal avalanche dynamics have been observed during spontaneous cortical activity in isolated preparations in vitro as well as in the ongoing cortical activity of awake animals and in humans. Theory, models, and experiments suggest that neuronal avalanches are the signature of brain function near criticality at which the cortex optimally responds to inputs and maximizes its information capacity. Importantly, avalanche dynamics allow for the emergence of a subset of avalanches, the coherence potentials. They emerge when the synchronization of a local neuronal group exceeds a local threshold, at which the system spawns replicas of the local group activity at distant network sites. The functional importance of coherence potentials will be discussed in the context of propagating structures, such as gliders in balanced cellular automata. Gliders constitute local population dynamics that replicate in space after a finite number of generations and are thought to provide cellular automata with universal computation. Avalanches and coherence potentials are proposed to constitute a modern framework of cortical synchronization dynamics that underlies brain function.

  15. Biological Potential in Serpentinizing Systems (United States)

    Hoehler, Tori M.


    Generation of the microbial substrate hydrogen during serpentinization, the aqueous alteration of ultramafic rocks, has focused interest on the potential of serpentinizing systems to support biological communities or even the origin of life. However the process also generates considerable alkalinity, a challenge to life, and both pH and hydrogen concentrations vary widely across natural systems as a result of different host rock and fluid composition and differing physical and hydrogeologic conditions. Biological potential is expected to vary in concert. We examined the impact of such variability on the bioenergetics of an example metabolism, methanogenesis, using a cell-scale reactive transport model to compare rates of metabolic energy generation as a function of physicochemical environment. Potential rates vary over more than 5 orders of magnitude, including bioenergetically non-viable conditions, across the range of naturally occurring conditions. In parallel, we assayed rates of hydrogen metabolism in wells associated with the actively serpentinizing Coast Range Ophiolite, which includes conditions more alkaline and considerably less reducing than is typical of serpentinizing systems. Hydrogen metabolism is observed at pH approaching 12 but, consistent with the model predictions, biological methanogenesis is not observed.

  16. Prodigiosin and its potential applications. (United States)

    Darshan, N; Manonmani, H K


    Since a decade, there has been a strong consumer demand for more natural products. This has augmented inclination towards substitution of synthetic colorants with natural pigments. Natural pigments not only have the capacity to increase the marketability of products, they also demonstrate valuable biological activities as antioxidants and anticancer agents. There is a long history of exploitation of natural products produced by bacteria as sources of pharmaceutically important, bioactive compounds. Among natural pigments, pigments from microbial sources are potentially suitable alternatives to synthetic pigments. The red pigment prodigiosin (PG) has unusual properties, which have long been documented. The red-pigmented prodiginines are bioactive secondary metabolites produced by both Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria. Prodigiosins are characterized by a common pyrrolyl pyrromethene skeleton, and the biological role of these pigments in the producer organisms remains unclear. Bacterial prodigiosins and their synthetic derivatives are effective proapoptotic agents against various cancer cell lines, with multiple cellular targets including multi-drug resistant cells with little or no toxicity towards normal cell lines. However, research into the biology of pigment production will stimulate interest in the bioengineering of strains to synthesize useful prodiginine derivatives. This review article highlights the characteristics and potential applications of prodigiosin pigment from Serratia as prodigiosins are real potential therapeutic drugs.

  17. Optical Potential Field Mapping System (United States)

    Reid, Max B. (Inventor)


    The present invention relates to an optical system for creating a potential field map of a bounded two dimensional region containing a goal location and an arbitrary number of obstacles. The potential field mapping system has an imaging device and a processor. Two image writing modes are used by the imaging device, electron deposition and electron depletion. Patterns written in electron deposition mode appear black and expand. Patterns written in electron depletion mode are sharp and appear white. The generated image represents a robot's workspace. The imaging device under processor control then writes a goal location in the work-space using the electron deposition mode. The black image of the goal expands in the workspace. The processor stores the generated images, and uses them to generate a feedback pattern. The feedback pattern is written in the workspace by the imaging device in the electron deposition mode to enhance the expansion of the original goal pattern. After the feedback pattern is written, an obstacle pattern is written by the imaging device in the electron depletion mode to represent the obstacles in the robot's workspace. The processor compares a stored image to a previously stored image to determine a change therebetween. When no change occurs, the processor averages the stored images to produce the potential field map.

  18. Bio-potential amplifier for potential gradient measurements

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bermudez, Andrea N; Spinelli, Enrique M; Muravchik, Carlos H [LEICI, Departamento de Electrotecnia, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, CC 91 (1900) La Plata (Argentina)


    This work proposes a bio-potential amplifier suitable for measurements from an electric potential gradient sensor, in electro-encephalography (EEG). The sensor is an array made by three electrodes placed on the vertices of an equilateral triangle of reduced size. Measuring the gradient requires small separation between electrodes hence, very low amplitude signals, of a few {mu}V, are obtained. Therefore, it is important to minimize amplifier noise and electromagnetic interference effects. In the proposed scheme, the first stage is a passive and balanced ac-coupling network adapted to the gradient configuration and the second stage is an 80 dB gain amplifier. The implementation requires a reduced number of components. Therefore, the circuit can be mounted just above the electrodes (active electrodes). The proposed amplifier was built and tested. It achieves a CMRR of 125dB at 50 Hz and an equivalent input noise voltage of 0,3{mu}V RMS in the band 0.5 - 500 Hz. Finally, some preliminary results in the detection of occipital alpha rhythm are presented.

  19. World potential of renewable energies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dessus, B.; Devin, B.; Pharabod, F.


    A comprehensive analysis, region by region, of the actually accessible renewable energies at a given horizon, is presented. The same methodology as the one employed to derive ``proven fossil energy reserves`` from ``energy resources`` is adopted, in which resources are defined by quantitative information on physical potential, while reserves take into account technical and economical accessibility. As renewable resources are fluctuating with time and are diluted in space and not readily transportable or storeable, it is necessary to consider the presence of populations or activities near enough to be able to profit by these diluted and volatile energies.

  20. Nanothermodynamics: a subdivision potential approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Moussavi


    Full Text Available  Classical thermodynamic laws and relations have been developed for macroscopic systems that satisfy the thermodynamic limit. These relations are challenged as the system size decreases to the scale of nano-systems, in which thermodynamic properties are overshadowed by system size, and the usual classical concepts of extensivity and intensivity are no longer valid. The challenges to the classical thermodynamics in relation to small systems are demonstrated, and via the approach introduced by Hill, the concept of sub-division potential is clarified in details. The fundamental thermodynamic relations are obtained using a rational-based method.

  1. Feedback traps for virtual potentials (United States)

    Gavrilov, Momčilo; Bechhoefer, John


    Feedback traps are tools for trapping and manipulating single charged objects, such as molecules in solution. An alternative to optical tweezers and other single-molecule techniques, they use feedback to counteract the Brownian motion of a molecule of interest. The trap first acquires information about a molecule's position and then applies an electric feedback force to move the molecule. Since electric forces are stronger than optical forces at small scales, feedback traps are the best way to trap single molecules without `touching' them (e.g. by putting them in a small box or attaching them to a tether). Feedback traps can do more than trap molecules: they can also subject a target object to forces that are calculated to be the gradient of a desired potential function U(x). If the feedback loop is fast enough, it creates a virtual potential whose dynamics will be very close to those of a particle in an actual potential U(x). But because the dynamics are entirely a result of the feedback loop-absent the feedback, there is only an object diffusing in a fluid-we are free to specify and then manipulate in time an arbitrary potential U(x,t). Here, we review recent applications of feedback traps to studies on the fundamental connections between information and thermodynamics, a topic where feedback plays an even more fundamental role. We discuss how recursive maximum-likelihood techniques allow continuous calibration, to compensate for drifts in experiments that last for days. We consider ways to estimate work and heat, using them to measure fluctuating energies to a precision of ±0.03 kT over these long experiments. Finally, we compare work and heat measurements of the costs of information erasure, the Landauer limit of kT ln 2 per bit of information erased. We argue that, when you want to know the average heat transferred to a bath in a long protocol, you should measure instead the average work and then infer the heat using the first law of thermodynamics. This

  2. Unleashing the Potential of SCM

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Charles


    technology; (iii) ERP adoption has matured; and (iv) ERP adoption is converging towards a dominant design. Finally, the paper discusses the general implications of the surveyed state of practice on the SCM research challenges. Consequently we argue that research needs to adjust its conceptions of the ERP......This paper argues that with the present state of Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) adoption by the companies, the potential benefits of Supply Chain Management (SCM) and integration is about to be unleashed. This paper presents the results and the implications of a survey on ERP adoption...... concept towards ERP II in order to accommodate to the emerging practices....

  3. Recreational potential of Kiev region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Poltavets


    Full Text Available It analyzes the recreational potential of the territory of the Kiev region, which focuses on all types of land on the main intended purpose. The most favorable conditions for recreation are formed on the lands of recreation, recreation, historical and cultural, natural reserve fund and other environmental protection, forestry purposes, and water resources. The area of land corresponding categories are significantly (3‐5 times inferior standards adopted in the European Union. The main directions of development of recreational land use for the future are determined.

  4. Towards a commercially potential process

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Panpipat, Worawan; Xu, Xuebing; Guo, Zheng


    In order to examine the industrial potential to indirectly isolate phytosterols from deodoriser distillates (DODs), enzymatic transesterification of an industrial rapeseed and soybean oil DOD mixture with bioethanol was investigated using commercial lipases and a few newly immobilised preparations...... esters from DODs. The optimum conditions are 10% enzyme load (wt% of DODs), ethanol/DODs of 3.0:1.0 (mol/mol), water content 0.125% (based on the weight of total mixture), and reaction at 30 °C for 5 h. The results demonstrated that >95% sterols can be recovered as free form (>85% sterol esters were...

  5. Analgesic Potential of Essential Oils

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Ferreira Sarmento-Neto


    Full Text Available Pain is an unpleasant sensation associated with a wide range of injuries and diseases, and affects approximately 20% of adults in the world. The discovery of new and more effective drugs that can relieve pain is an important research goal in both the pharmaceutical industry and academia. This review describes studies involving antinociceptive activity of essential oils from 31 plant species. Botanical aspects of aromatic plants, mechanisms of action in pain models and chemical composition profiles of the essential oils are discussed. The data obtained in these studies demonstrate the analgesic potential of this group of natural products for therapeutic purposes.

  6. The Ergogenic Potential of Arginine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    La Bounty Paul M


    Full Text Available Abstract Arginine is a conditionally essential amino acid that is involved in protein synthesis, the detoxification of ammonia, and its conversion to glucose as well as being catabolized to produce energy. In addition to these physiological functions, arginine has been purported to have ergogenic potential. Athletes have taken arginine for three main reasons: 1 its role in the secretion of endogenous growth hormone; 2 its involvement in the synthesis of creatine; 3 its role in augmenting nitric oxide. These aspects of arginine supplementation will be discussed as well as a review of clinical investigations involving exercise performance and arginine ingestion.

  7. "Human potential" and progressive pedagogy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Øland, Trine


    This article examines the cultural constructs of progressive pedagogy in Danish school pedagogy and its emerging focus on the child’s human potential from the 1920s to the 1950s. It draws on Foucault’s notion of ‘dispositifs’ and the ‘elements of history’, encircling a complex transformation...... of continuity and discontinuity of progressive pedagogy. The Danish context is identified as being part of an international and scientific enlightenment movement circulating in, e.g., the New Education Fellowship (NEF). The cultural constructs embedded in progressivism are clarified in the article...

  8. Ethnography: principles, practice and potential. (United States)

    Draper, Jan


    Ethnography is a methodology that is gaining popularity in nursing and healthcare research. It is concerned with studying people in their cultural context and how their behaviour, either as individuals or as part of a group, is influenced by this cultural context. Ethnography is a form of social research and has much in common with other forms of qualitative enquiry. While classical ethnography was characteristically concerned with describing 'other' cultures, contemporary ethnography has focused on settings nearer to home. This article outlines some of the underlying principles and practice of ethnography, and its potential for nursing and healthcare practice.

  9. Potential risks in radiology departments

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hernanz-Schulman, Marta [Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Department of Radiology and Radiological Sciences, Monroe Carell Jr. Children' s Hospital at Vanderbilt, Nashville, TN (United States)


    Pediatric patients in the Emergency Department (ED) often need diagnostic imaging examinations. These range from radiographs to fluoroscopic procedures to CT and MRI. Each of these examinations requires transportation and hand-offs (transfer of patient to different health care workers), and each carries inherent risks of the procedure itself. The following material will examine a variety of common situations that involve interaction between patients from the ED and the radiology department and describe potential risks and methods through which these risks can be minimized. (orig.)

  10. Total and partial cross sections of the $^{112}$Sn($\\alpha,\\gamma$)$^{116}$Te reaction measured via in-beam $\\gamma$-ray spectroscopy


    Netterdon, L.; Mayer, J.; Scholz, P.; Zilges, A.


    An extended database of experimental data is needed to address uncertainties of the nuclear-physics input parameters for Hauser-Feshbach calculations. Especially $\\alpha$+nucleus optical model potentials at low energies are not well known. The in-beam technique with an array of high-purity germanium (HPGe) detectors was successfully applied to the measurement of absolute cross sections of an ($\\alpha$,$\\gamma$) reaction on a heavy nucleus at sub-Coulomb energies. The total and partial cross-s...

  11. Calculation of Rydberg interaction potentials (United States)

    Weber, Sebastian; Tresp, Christoph; Menke, Henri; Urvoy, Alban; Firstenberg, Ofer; Büchler, Hans Peter; Hofferberth, Sebastian


    The strong interaction between individual Rydberg atoms provides a powerful tool exploited in an ever-growing range of applications in quantum information science, quantum simulation and ultracold chemistry. One hallmark of the Rydberg interaction is that both its strength and angular dependence can be fine-tuned with great flexibility by choosing appropriate Rydberg states and applying external electric and magnetic fields. More and more experiments are probing this interaction at short atomic distances or with such high precision that perturbative calculations as well as restrictions to the leading dipole-dipole interaction term are no longer sufficient. In this tutorial, we review all relevant aspects of the full calculation of Rydberg interaction potentials. We discuss the derivation of the interaction Hamiltonian from the electrostatic multipole expansion, numerical and analytical methods for calculating the required electric multipole moments and the inclusion of electromagnetic fields with arbitrary direction. We focus specifically on symmetry arguments and selection rules, which greatly reduce the size of the Hamiltonian matrix, enabling the direct diagonalization of the Hamiltonian up to higher multipole orders on a desktop computer. Finally, we present example calculations showing the relevance of the full interaction calculation to current experiments. Our software for calculating Rydberg potentials including all features discussed in this tutorial is available as open source.

  12. Immunotherapeutic potential of extracellular vesicles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bin eZhang


    Full Text Available Extracellular vesicles or EVs is a term that encompasses all classes of secreted lipid membrane vesicles. Despite being scientific novelties, EVs are gaining importance as a mediator of important physiological and pathological intercellular activities possibly through the transfer of their cargo of protein and RNA between cells. In particular, exosomes the currently best characterized EVs have been notable for their in vitro and in vivo immunomodulatory activities. Exosomes are nanometer-sized endosome-derived vesicles secreted by many cell types and their immunomodulatory potential is independent of their cell source. Besides immune cells such as dendritic cells, macrophages and T cells, cancer and stem cells also secrete immunologically active exosomes that could influence both physiological and pathological processes. The immunological activities of exosomes affect both innate and adaptive immunity and include antigen presentation, T cell activation, T cell polarisation to Tregs, immune suppression and anti-inflammation. As such, exosomes carry much immunotherapeutic potential as a therapeutic agent and a therapeutic target.

  13. Ocular Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potentials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felipe, Lilian


    Full Text Available Introduction Diagnostic testing of the vestibular system is an essential component of treating patients with balance dysfunction. Until recently, testing methods primarily evaluated the integrity of the horizontal semicircular canal, which is only a portion of the vestibular system. Recent advances in technology have afforded clinicians the ability to assess otolith function through vestibular evoked myogenic potential (VEMP testing. VEMP testing from the inferior extraocular muscles of the eye has been the subject of interest of recent research. Objective To summarize recent developments in ocular VEMP testing. Results Recent studies suggest that the ocular VEMP is produced by otolith afferents in the superior division of the vestibular nerve. The ocular VEMP is a short latency potential, composed of extraocular myogenic responses activated by sound stimulation and registered by surface electromyography via ipsilateral otolithic and contralateral extraocular muscle activation. The inferior oblique muscle is the most superficial of the six extraocular muscles responsible for eye movement. Therefore, measurement of ocular VEMPs can be performed easily by using surface electrodes on the skin below the eyes contralateral to the stimulated side. Conclusion This new variation of the VEMP procedure may supplement conventional testing in difficult to test populations. It may also be possible to use this technique to evaluate previously inaccessible information on the vestibular system.

  14. Virtual materiality, potentiality and subjctivity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Søndergaard, Dorte Marie


    How do we conceptualize virtual materiality, in terms of for instance avatars and weapons in computer games, virtual discourse and subjectivity as phenomena intra-acting with real life materiality, discourse and subjectivity in children’s everyday lives? How do we understand the intra-activity of......How do we conceptualize virtual materiality, in terms of for instance avatars and weapons in computer games, virtual discourse and subjectivity as phenomena intra-acting with real life materiality, discourse and subjectivity in children’s everyday lives? How do we understand the intra......-activity of such elements in children’s night dreams? These are some of the questions discussed in this text. I bring together Karen Barad’s agential realism and Giorgi Agamben’s concept of potentiality to enable and refine an analytical approach to real-virtual enactments, thereby questioning the potentialities of gaming......, of movies and of dreams as they enter intra-activities in the comprehensive set of apparatuses that enact child agency, subjectivity and relational practices. The analyses and conceptual refinements are based on empirical cases involving interviews with and observations among 8-14 year old children....

  15. The effective crystal field potential

    CERN Document Server

    Mulak, J


    As it results from the very nature of things, the spherical symmetry of the surrounding of a site in a crystal lattice or an atom in a molecule can never occur. Therefore, the eigenfunctions and eigenvalues of any bound ion or atom have to differ from those of spherically symmetric respective free ions. In this way, the most simplified concept of the crystal field effect or ligand field effect in the case of individual molecules can be introduced. The conventional notion of the crystal field potential is narrowed to its non-spherical part only through ignoring the dominating spherical part which produces only a uniform energy shift of gravity centres of the free ion terms. It is well understood that the non-spherical part of the effective potential "seen" by open-shell electrons localized on a metal ion plays an essential role in most observed properties. Light adsorption, electron paramagnetic resonance, inelastic neutron scattering and basic characteristics derived from magnetic and thermal measurements, ar...


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Slavica ROCHESKA


    Full Text Available The new innovation paradigm is based upon articulation of external and internal sources of innovation. Nowadays, crowdsourcing is coming up as significant external source in innovation processes of the companies. Crowdsourcing enables harnessing of initiatives, ideas, solutions and knowledge of the crowd so as to enhance innovation performance and induce a value creation. Given that existing innovation literature does not cover sufficiently the issues related to crowdsourcing this paper is to offer an additional views about innovation potentials of crowdsourcing thus contributing for future research on this relatively unexplored concept. Therefore, this paper aims at considering key insights about crowdsourcing contribution on developing companies’ innovation capacity. More specifically it is focused on identification of benefits, weaknesses and risks arising from crowdsourcing to the innovation process comprising conceptual and empirical aspects.

  17. Innovative potential of plasma technology (United States)

    Budaev, V. P.


    The review summarizes recent experimental observations of materials exposed to extreme hot plasma loads in fusion devices and plasma facilities with high-temperature plasma. Plasma load on the material in such devices lead to the stochastic clustering and fractal growth of the surface on scales from tens of nanometers to hundreds of micrometers forming statistical self-similarity of the surface roughness with extremely high specific area. Statistical characteristics of hierarchical granularity and scale invariance of such materials surface qualitatively differ from the properties of the roughness of the ordinary Brownian surface which provides a potential of innovative plasma technologies for synthesis of new nanostructured materials with programmed roughness properties, for hypersonic technologies, for biotechnology and biomedical applications.

  18. Solar potential inventory and modeling (United States)

    Angelici, G. L.; Bryant, N. A.


    Image processing procedures for calculating the energy that roof-mounted solar collectors can potentially supply in a metropolitan area are presented. Satellite multispectral imagery from which land cover types can be determined digitally was sampled in order to estimate the percentage of land area occupied by flat or south-facing roof tops in residential and commercial/industrial areas. Procedures were applied to the various power subdistricts of the western San Fernando valley of California, and it was found that on the average 120% of the existing power demand could be met if only half the useable rooftop area were utilized, amounting to 385 MW of peak power and indicating the applicability of solar cells to power generation in urban areas.

  19. Scalar Potential Model of light (United States)

    Hodge, John


    Some observations of light are inconsistent with a wave--like model. Other observations of light are inconsistent with a particle--like model. A model of light is proposed wherein Newton's and Democritus's speculations are combined with the cosmological scalar potential model (SPM). The SPM was tested by confrontation with observations of galaxy HI rotation curves (RCs), asymmetric RCs, redshift, discrete redshift, galaxy central mass, and central velocity dispersion; and with observations of the Pioneer Anomaly. The resulting model of light will be tested by numerical simulation of a photon behaving in a wave-like manner such as diffusion, interference, reflection, spectrography, and the Afshar experiment. Although the SPM light model requires more work, early results are beginning to emerge that suggest possible tests because a few predictions are inconsistent with both the current particle and wave models of light and that suggest a re-interpretation of the equations of quantum mechanics.

  20. Sustainability Potentials of Housing Refurbishment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Behzad Sodagar


    Full Text Available The benefits of choosing refurbishment over new build have recently been brought into focus for reducing environmental impacts of buildings. This is due to the fact that the existing buildings will comprise the majority of the total building stocks for years to come and hence will remain responsible for the majority of greenhouse gas emissions from the sector. This paper investigates the total potentials of sustainable refurbishment and conversion of the existing buildings by adopting a holistic approach to sustainability. Life Cycle Assessment (LCA and questionnaires have been used to analyse the environmental impact savings (Co2e, improved health and well-being, and satisfaction of people living in refurbished homes. The results reported in the paper are based on a two year externally funded research project completed in January 2013.

  1. Status of effective potential calculations

    CERN Document Server

    Quiros, M.


    We review various effective potential methods which have been useful to compute the Higgs mass spectrum and couplings of the minimal supersymmetric standard model. We compare results where all-loop next-to-leading-log corrections are resummed by the renormalization group, with those where just the leading-log corrections are kept. Pole masses are obtained from running masses by addition of convenient self-energy diagrams. Approximate analytical expressions are worked out, providing an excellent approximation to the numerical results which include all next-to-leading-log terms. An appropriate treatment of squark decoupling allows to consider large values of the stop and/or sbottom mixing parameters and thus fix a reliable upper bound on the mass of the lightest CP-even Higgs boson mass.

  2. Antidiabetic potential of Conocarpus lancifolius

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Malik Saadullah


    Full Text Available The antidiabetic activity of Conocarpus lancifolius extract was investigated in vitro, as alpha glucosidase inhibition and in vivo as alloxan induced diabetic rabbits with other biochemical parameters (LDL, HDL, SGPT, SGOT, cretinine, urea and triglyceride. Alpha-glucosidase inhibition activity was performed by using acorbose as standred. Methanolic extract show alpha-glucosidase inhibition activity. The dose of 200 mg/kg body weight significantly (p<0.05 decreases the blood glucose level, plasma total cholesterol, triglycerides and LDL in treated rabbits as compared to diabetic rabbits. This dose significantly increased the level of HDL in treated group. The activity of SGOT and SGPT also significantly (p<0.05 decreased in treated diabetic rabbits. Phytochemical studies show the presence of glycosides, tannins, saponins and terpenoids. The antidiabetic potential is may be due to its saponin contents.

  3. Potentialities of Revised Quantum Electrodynamics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lehnert B.


    Full Text Available The potentialities of a revised quantum electrodynamic theory (RQED earlier established by the author are reconsidered, also in respect to other fundamental theories such as those by Dirac and Higgs. The RQED theory is characterized by intrinsic linear symmetry breaking due to a nonzero divergence of the electric field strength in the vacuum state, as supported by the Zero Point Energy and the experimentally confirmed Casimir force. It includes the results of electron spin and antimatter by Dirac, as well as the rest mass of elementary particles predicted by Higgs in terms of spontaneous nonlinear symmetry breaking. It will here be put into doubt whether the approach by Higgs is the only theory which becomes necessary for explaining the particle rest masses. In addition, RQED theory leads to new results beyond those being available from the theories by Dirac, Higgs and the Standard Model, such as in applications to leptons and the photon.

  4. extracts as potential dietary supplements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulina Strugała


    Full Text Available Introduction: In times of worsening civilization diseases the interest in natural healing substances is on the increase. To reduce unwanted side effects of many synthetic drugs, it is reasonable to introduce to the daily diet foods rich in natural compounds of plant origin that are beneficial for health. The purpose of the study was to determine the biological activity and stability of selected ethanol extracts of the fruit of chokeberry, blackcurrant, hawthorn, rosehip, quince and Japanese quince as potential nutraceuticals.Materials and methods: Antioxidant activity of the extracts was determined in relation to model phospholipid membranes (IC50 PC. Antiradical activity was determined in a test with the DPPH• radical (IC50 DPPH. Also the inhibition of enzymatic (1-LOX oxidation of linoleic acid was determined at the beginning of the period of storage of the extracts at room temperature and after 12 months. Results: After 12 months of storage the highest antioxidant stability was shown by blackcurrant extract (1.5% increase in IC50 PC, the highest antiradical stability by quince extract (1.0% reduction in IC50 DPPH, and the highest stability of 1-LOX enzyme inhibition by chokeberry extract (6.3% reduction in inhibition at a concentration of 8 μg∙ml-1. Japanese quince extract showed the strongest regenerating properties with respect to oxidized phospholipid membranes and the highest ability to eliminate the free radical DPPH•. Conclusion: It can be concluded that the ethanol extracts of the fruits (in particular blackcurrant, chokeberry and Japanese quince are a potential source of dietary supplements of expected effectiveness in preventive treatment.

  5. The potential of renewable energy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)


    On June 27 and 28, 1989, the US Department of Energy (DOE) national laboratories were convened to discuss plans for the development of a National Energy Strategy (NES) and, in particular, the analytic needs in support of NES that could be addressed by the laboratories. As a result of that meeting, interlaboratory teams were formed to produce analytic white papers on key topics, and a lead laboratory was designated for each core laboratory team. The broad-ranging renewables assignment is summarized by the following issue statement from the Office of Policy, Planning and Analysis: to what extent can renewable energy technologies contribute to diversifying sources of energy supply What are the major barriers to greater renewable energy use and what is the potential timing of widespread commercialization for various categories of applications This report presents the results of the intensive activity initiated by the June 1989 meeting to produce a white paper on renewable energy. Scores of scientists, analysts, and engineers in the five core laboratories gave generously of their time over the past eight months to produce this document. Their generous, constructive efforts are hereby gratefully acknowledged. 126 refs., 44 figs., 32 tabs.

  6. Can nanotechnology potentiate photodynamic therapy? (United States)

    Huang, Ying-Ying; Sharma, Sulbha K; Dai, Tianhong; Chung, Hoon; Yaroslavsky, Anastasia; Garcia-Diaz, Maria; Chang, Julie; Chiang, Long Y; Hamblin, Michael R


    Photodynamic therapy (PDT) uses the combination of non-toxic dyes and harmless visible light to produce reactive oxygen species that can kill cancer cells and infectious microorganisms. Due to the tendency of most photosensitizers (PS) to be poorly soluble and to form nonphotoactive aggregates, drug-delivery vehicles have become of high importance. The nanotechnology revolution has provided many examples of nanoscale drug-delivery platforms that have been applied to PDT. These include liposomes, lipoplexes, nanoemulsions, micelles, polymer nanoparticles (degradable and nondegradable), and silica nanoparticles. In some cases (fullerenes and quantum dots), the actual nanoparticle itself is the PS. Targeting ligands such as antibodies and peptides can be used to increase specificity. Gold and silver nanoparticles can provide plasmonic enhancement of PDT. Two-photon excitation or optical upconversion can be used instead of one-photon excitation to increase tissue penetration at longer wavelengths. Finally, after sections on in vivo studies and nanotoxicology, we attempt to answer the title question, "can nano-technology potentiate PDT?"

  7. Biological Potential of Extraterrestrial Materials (United States)

    Mautner, Michael N.; Conner, Anthony J.; Killham, Kenneth; Deamer, David W.


    Meteoritic materials are investigated as potential early planetary nutrients. Aqueous extracts of the Murchison C2 carbonaceous meteorite are utilized as a sole carbon source by microorganisms, as demonstrated by the genetically modifiedPseudomonas fluorescenceequipped with theluxgene. Nutrient effects are observed also with the soil microorganismsNocardia asteroidesandArthrobacter pascensthat reach populations up to 5 × 107CFU/ml in meteorite extracts, similar to populations in terrestrial soil extracts. Plant tissue cultures ofAsparagus officinalisandSolanum tuberosum(potato) exhibit enhanced pigmentation and some enhanced growth when meteorite extracts are added to partial nutrient media, but inhibited growth when added to full nutrient solution. The meteorite extracts lead to large increases in S, Ca, Mg, and Fe plant tissue contents as shown by X-ray fluorescence, while P, K, and Cl contents show mixed effects. In both microbiological and plant tissue experiments, the nutrient and inhibitory effects appear to be best balanced for growth at about 1:20 (extracted solid:H2O) ratios. The results suggest that solutions in cavities in meteorites can provide efficient concentrated biogenic and early nutrient environments, including high phosphate levels, which may be the limiting nutrient. The results also suggest that carbonaceous asteroid resources can sustain soil microbial activity and provide essential macronutrients for future space-based eco- systems.

  8. The Analgesic Potential of Cannabinoids (United States)

    Elikottil, Jaseena; Gupta, Pankaj; Gupta, Kalpna


    Historically and anecdotally cannabinoids have been used as analgesic agents. In recent years, there has been an escalating interest in developing cannabis-derived medications to treat severe pain. This review provides an overview of the history of cannabis use in medicine, cannabinoid signaling pathways, and current data from preclinical as well as clinical studies on using cannabinoids as potential analgesic agents. Clinical and experimental studies show that cannabis-derived compounds act as anti-emetic, appetite modulating and analgesic agents. However, the efficacy of individual products is variable and dependent upon the route of administration. Since opioids are the only therapy for severe pain, analgesic ability of cannabinoids may provide a much-needed alternative to opioids. Moreover, cannabinoids act synergistically with opioids and act as opioid sparing agents, allowing lower doses and fewer side effects from chronic opioid therapy. Thus, rational use of cannabis based medications deserves serious consideration to alleviate the suffering of patients due to severe pain. PMID:20073408

  9. Biological potential of Stillingia oppositifolia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Betania Barros Cota


    Full Text Available Organic extracts from leaves and stems of Stillingia oppositifolia Baill. ex Müll. Arg., Euphorbiaceae, were screened for antifungal and cytotoxic properties. The extracts presented Minimum Inhibitory Concentration values around 250 µg.mL-1 against Candida krusei and Candida tropicalis, and around 63 µg.mL-1 for Paracoccidioides brasiliensis. They were tested on three human cell lines (UACC-62, MCF-7, and TK-10, disclosing GI50 values, (concentration able to inhibit 50% of the cell growth ranging from 50 to 100 µg.mL-1. Organic extract from stems furnished hexanic, dichloromethanic and aqueous phases after partition. Chromatographic fractionation of the hexanic soluble phase of the stems yielded aleuritolic acid 3-acetate, β-sitosterol, 3-epi-β-amyrin, β-amyrone and palmitic acid. These compounds showed antifungal and cytotoxic activities in the same range as the organic crude extract and low toxic effect against mononuclear cells obtained from human peripheral blood. This is the first report on chemical and biological potential of S. oppositifolia.

  10. Conotoxins: Therapeutic Potential and Application

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richard T. Layer


    Full Text Available The pharmacological variety of conotoxins, diverse peptides found in the venoms of marine cone snails, is well recognized. Venoms from each of the estimated 500 species of cone snails contain 50 to 200 distinct biologically active peptides. Most conotoxins characterized to date target receptors and ion channels of excitable tissues, such as ligandgated nicotinic acetylcholine, N-methyl-D-aspartate, and type 3 serotonin receptors, as well as voltage-gated calcium, sodium, and potassium channels, and G-protein-coupled receptors including α-adrenergic, neurotensin, and vasopressin receptors, and the norepinephrine transporter. Several conotoxins have shown promise in preclinical models of pain, convulsive disorders, stroke, neuromuscular block, and cardioprotection. The pharmacological selectivity of the conotoxins, coupled with the safety and efficacy demonstrated in preclinical models, has led to their investigation as human therapeutic agents. In the following review, we will survey the pharmacology and therapeutic rationale of those conotoxins with potential clinical application, and discuss the unique challenges that each will face in the course of their transition from venom component to human therapeutic.

  11. Classification of geothermal resources by potential


    Rybach, L.


    When considering and reporting resources, the term "geothermal potential" is often used without clearly stating what kind of potential is meant. For renewable energy resources it is nowadays common to use different potentials: theoretical, technical, economic, sustainable, developable – decreasing successively in size. In such a sequence, the potentials are progressively realizable and more and more rewarding financially. The theoretical potential describes the physically pr...

  12. Beautiful, but also potentially invasive

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lipták Boris


    Full Text Available Introduction of non-indigenous exotic species to new areas, where they may establish viable populations and become invasive, is a considerable problem in the protection of nature worldwide, as these species may alter the indigenous species population structure and potentially even decrease the biodiversity. The European fauna underwent through major negative changes on the continent and nowadays, it experiences another new treat, represented by the expanding aquarium pet trade, and with it, associated species (and disease introductions. Exotic freshwater crustaceans are one of the taxa widely incorporated in the business, counting a remarkable number of species. Recent records of the exotic marbled crayfish or Marmorkrebs (Procambarus fallax f. virginalis in German in open ecosystems in Slovakia pointed to human-mediated introductions associated with aquarium pet trade in the country. In this regard, a study of the aquarium pet trade both in expositions and shops and online was assessed. Several crustacean taxa are available both in pet trade exhibitions and online through the Internet. Altogether 26 different species were identified in the aquarium trade in Slovakia. These are Procambarus fallax f. virginalis, P. clarkii, P. alleni, Cherax quadricarinatus, C. destructor, C. holthuisi, C. peknyi, Cambarellus patzcuarensis and C. diminutus occurring in the aquarium pet trade in Slovakia (n = 9. Procambarus fallax f. virginalis, P. clarkii and C. patzuarensis are the most common in this regard. There is also a quantity of other related taxa in the aquarium pet trade in Slovakia, mainly Caridina spp. (n = 5, Neocaridina spp. (n = 4, Atyopsis moluccensis, Atya gabonensis, Arachnochium kulsiense and several taxa of exotic crabs (n = 5 belonging to three different genera (Cardiosoma, Geosesarma and Gecarinus present. Neocaridina davidi is identified as the most frequent in this regard. As some of the species can become established and form viable

  13. Integrative Potential of Architectural Activities (United States)

    Davydova, O. V.


    The architectural activity integrative potential is considered through the combination as well as the organization of necessary universal human and professional, artificial and natural, social and individual architectural activities in the multidimensional unity of its components reflecting and influencing the public thinking with the artistic-figurative language of international communication using experimental form-building, interactive presentations, theatrical and gaming expressiveness to organize an easier contact with the consumer, methods of design and advertising. The methodology is used to reflect the mutual influence of personal and social problems through globalization and identification of their problem in the public, to study the existing methods of the problem solving, to analyze their effectiveness, to search for actual problems and new solutions to them using the latest achievements of technological progress, artistic patterns, creation of a holistic architectural image reflecting the author’s worldview in the general picture of the modern world with its inherent tendencies “Surah” and “entertainment”. The operative communication means in the chain of social experience are developed - the teacher - the trainee - the new educational result used to transmit the updated information in a generalized form, the current and final control through the use of feedback sheets, supporting summaries, info cards, its decisions. The paper considers the study time efficiency due to the organization of the research activity which allows students to obtain a theoretical generalized information (the creator’s limitation) in the process of filling or compiling informative and diagnostic maps that provide the theoretical framework for the creative activity through gaming activity that turns into a work activity which has a diagnosed result.

  14. Potential wine ageing during transportation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jung Rainer


    Full Text Available In a global world, wineries have to satisfy the demand of consumers who wish to drink high quality wines from countries all over the world. To fulfill this request wines have to be transported, crossing thereby great distances from the place of production to the consumer country. At the Institute of Enology of Hochschule Geisenheim University examinations with White-, Rosé- and Red-Wines of different origins which had been transported over longer distances within Europe (Portugal, France, Italy to Germany by trucks were carried out. Shipping of wines was simulated in a climatized cabinet to analyze the influence on wine quality during this way and conditions of transportation. Time and temperature profiles were based on real transport situtations which were recorded during shipping from Germany to Japan using data loggers. White, Rosé and Red wines were transported during 6 to 8 weeks and then were analytically and sensorically compared to those which were stored at a constant temperature of 15 ∘C. Besides the effect of temperature, the movements and vibrations encountered by the wines were also examined. Analytically wines were analyzed for general analytical parameters with Fourier-Transformation-Infrared-Spectroscopie (FTIR, Colour differences (Spectralphotometrie and free and total sulfuric acid with Flow-Injection-Analysis (FIA. Sensory examinations with a trained panel were performed in difference tests in form of rankings and triangular tests. Summarizing the results from the different tests it could be found that transportation had an influence on the potential ageing of wines depending on the wine matrix. Especially high and varying temperatures during transportations over a longer distance and time had negative influences on wine quality. Also the movement of wine at higher temperatures had showed a negative effect whereas transport at cool temperatures even below 0 ∘C did not influence wine characteristics. Sophisticated

  15. Green roofs: potential at LANL

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pacheco, Elena M [Los Alamos National Laboratory


    strokes, heat exhaustion, and pollution that can agitate the respiratory system. The most significant savings associated with green roofs is in the reduction of cooling demands due to the green roof's thermal mass and their insulating properties. Unlike a conventional roof system, a green roof does not absorb solar radiation and transfer that heat into the interior of a building. Instead the vegetation acts as a shade barrier and stabilizes the roof temperature so that interior temperatures remain comfortable for the occupants. Consequently there is less of a demand for air conditioning, and thus less money spent on energy. At LANL the potential of green roof systems has already been realized with the construction of the accessible green roof on the Otowi building. To further explore the possibilities and prospective benefits of green roofs though, the initial capital costs must be invested. Three buildings, TA-03-1698, TA-03-0502, and TA-53-0031 have all been identified as sound candidates for a green roof retrofit project. It is recommended that LANL proceed with further analysis of these projects and implementation of the green roofs. Furthermore, it is recommended that an urban forestry program be initiated to provide supplemental support to the environmental goals of green roofs. The obstacles barring green roof construction are most often budgetary and structural concerns. Given proper resources, however, the engineers and design professionals at LANL would surely succeed in the proper implementation of green roof systems so as to optimize their ecological and monetary benefits for the entire organization.

  16. Dual Eligibles and Potentially Avoidable Hospitalizations (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — About 25 percent of the hospitalizations for dual eligible beneficiaries in 2005 were potentially avoidable. Medicare and Medicaid spending for those potentially...

  17. A black potential for spin less particles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ghatak, Ananya, E-mail: [Department of Physics, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221005 (India); Hasan, Mohammad, E-mail: [ISRO Satellite Centre (ISAC), Bangalore 560017 (India); Mandal, Bhabani Prasad, E-mail: [Department of Physics, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221005 (India)


    We consider the most general non-Hermitian Hulthen potential to study the scattering of spin-less relativistic particles. The conditions for CC, SS and CPA are obtained analytically for this potential. We show that almost total absorption occurs for entire range of incidence energy for certain parameter ranges of the potential and hence term this as ‘black potential’. Time reversed of the same potential shows perfect emission for the entire range of particle energy. We also present the classical analog of this potential in terms of waveguide cross section. - Highlights: • Relativistic scattering properties of a spin zero particle due to most general non-Hermitian Hulthen potential are discussed. • Analytical conditions for CC, CPA and SS are obtained. • Broadband CPA is obtained for entire range of incidence energy. • Non-Hermitian Hulthen potential is parametrized in such a way to show broadband CPA and/or CC. • Waveguide analog of such potential is presented.

  18. The Potential of Modern Russian Generations


    Valentina Grigor’evna Dobrokhleb; Nataliya Viktorovna Zvereva


    The paper considers the necessity of socio-demographic approach to assessing the potential of modern generations. The demographic potential of generations is determined by their number, their share in total population, and their life expectancy. Their economic potential is determined by the proportion of representatives of different generations in total employment. Their social potential is determined by the system of values of generations. The rapid growth of differences in these characteris...

  19. Layer potentials for general linear elliptic systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ariel Barton


    Full Text Available In this article we construct layer potentials for elliptic differential operators using the Babuska-Lax-Milgram theorem, without recourse to the fundamental solution; this allows layer potentials to be constructed in very general settings. We then generalize several well known properties of layer potentials for harmonic and second order equations, in particular the Green's formula, jump relations, adjoint relations, and Verchota's equivalence between well-posedness of boundary value problems and invertibility of layer potentials.

  20. The zero of potential : a persistent error

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Burger, H.C.

    Any point of an inanimate system or of a human body can be connected to earth to obtain zero potential. The processes inside the system are independent of this connection. It is only the potential differences which matter. An absolute value of the potential does not enter in the physical laws and,


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. F. Zubritsky


    Full Text Available The paper considers economic principles on enterprise potential management and its competitiveness.  Elements of the enterprise economic potential that permit to select an efficient strategy of an organization behaviour are presented in the paper. The paper proposes a methodology for determination of enterprise potential competitiveness on the basis of the existing standard indices and various competitiveness levels.

  2. The electromagnetic potentials without the gauge transformations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Espinoza, Augusto; Chubykalo, Andrey; Rodriguez, Alejandro Gutierrez; Hernandez, Maria de los Angeles [Universidad Autonoma de Zacatecas (Mexico). Unidad Academica de Fisica


    In this note we show that the use of the Helmholtz theorem lead to derivation of uniquely determined electromagnetic potentials without making use of the gauge transformation. These potentials correspond to the potentials obtained by imposing so-called Coulomb condition (gauge) in the traditional approach. We show that the electromagnetic field comprises two components, one of which is characterized by its instantaneous action at a distance, whereas another one propagates in the retarded form with the velocity of light. One of the theoretical consequences of this new definition is that the electromagnetic potentials are real physical quantities as well as the electric and magnetic fields. We show that the reality of the electromagnetic potentials in quantum-mechanics is also a property of these potentials in the classical electrodynamics. Equations for potentials obtained in our approach are already separated with respect to vector and scalar potentials, so there is no necessity in using the gauge transformations and, accordingly, in making use of either Lorentz or Coulomb condition. The vector potential and scalar potential introduced thus are uniquely defined. The scalar potential is a generator of the so called instantaneous action at a distance, whereas the solenoidal vector potential can propagate with the velocity of light and it is responsible for the retarded action of the electromagnetic field. (author)

  3. QCD string model for hybrid adiabatic potentials


    Kalashnikova, Yu. S.; Kuzmenko, D. S.


    Hybrid adiabatic potentials are considered in the framework of the QCD string model. The einbein field formalism is applied to obtain the large-distance behaviour of adiabatic potentials. The calculated excitation curves are shown to be the result of interplay between potential-type longitudinal and string-type transverse vibrations. The results are compared with recent lattice data.

  4. Proton radioactivity with analytically solvable potential

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    The phenomenon of proton emission is treated as a process of asymmetric fission through a one-dimensional potential barrier developed due to combined effects of the Coulomb potential, centrifugal potential and various renormalization processes. The barrier is simulated to an asymmetric, smooth and analytically solvable ...

  5. Stochastic Resonance in Periodic Potentials Revisited


    Reenbohn, W. L.; Pohlong, S. S.; Mahato, Mangal C


    The phenomenon of Stochastic Resonance (SR) has been conclusively demonstrated in bistable potentials. However, SR in sinusoidal potentials have only recently been shown numerically to occur in terms of hysteresis loop area. We show that the occurrence of SR is not specific to sinusoidal potentials and can occur in periodic bistable potential, $U(x)=2/3(\\cos x +\\cos 2x)$, as well. We further show that SR can occur even in a washboard potential, where hysteresis loops normally do not close bec...

  6. Ionization potentials some variations, implications and applications

    CERN Document Server

    Ahrens, L H


    Ionization Potentials: Some Variations, Implications and Applications covers several aspects of ionization potential that is a highly significant parameter in controlling the properties of electric discharge. Comprised of 17 chapters, the book covers topic relevant to ionization potentials, such as properties, concepts, and applications, in order to understand and fully comprehend all aspects of ionization potential. The opening chapter is a review of ionization potentials and a discussion of trends and features. The succeeding chapters then tackle complex topics such as the s and p electrons;

  7. Conduction velocity of antigravity muscle action potentials. (United States)

    Christova, L; Kosarov, D; Christova, P


    The conduction velocity of the impulses along the muscle fibers is one of the parameters of the extraterritorial potentials of the motor units allowing for the evaluation of the functional state of the muscles. There are no data about the conduction velocities of antigravity muscleaction potentials. In this paper we offer a method for measuring conduction velocity of potentials of single MUs and the averaged potentials of the interference electromiogram (IEMG) lead-off by surface electrodes from mm. sternocleidomastoideus, trapezius, deltoideus (caput laterale) and vastus medialis. The measured mean values of the conduction velocity of antigravity muscles potentials can be used for testing the functional state of the muscles.

  8. Remote RemoteRemoteRemote sensing potential for sensing ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Remote RemoteRemoteRemote sensing potential for sensing potential for sensing potential for sensing potential for sensing potential for sensing potential for sensing potential for sensing potential for sensing potential for sensing potential for sensing p. A Ngie, F Ahmed, K Abutaleb ...

  9. Chloroplast Response to Low Leaf Water Potentials (United States)

    Boyer, J. S.; Potter, J. R.


    The effect of decreases in turgor on chloroplast activity was studied by measuring the photochemical activity of intact sunflower (Helianthus annuus L. cv. Russian Mammoth) leaves having low water potentials. Leaf turgor, calculated from leaf water potential and osmotic potential, was found to be affected by the dilution of cell contents by water in the cell walls, when osmotic potentials were measured with a thermocouple psychrometer. After the correction of measurements of leaf osmotic potential, both the thermocouple psychrometer and a pressure chamber indicated that turgor became zero in sunflower leaves at leaf water potentials of −10 bars. Since most of the loss in photochemical activity occurred at water potentials below −10 bars, it was concluded that turgor had little effect on the photochemical activity of the leaves. PMID:16658486

  10. Quantified Gamow shell model interaction for p s d -shell nuclei (United States)

    Jaganathen, Y.; Betan, R. M. Id; Michel, N.; Nazarewicz, W.; Płoszajczak, M.


    Background: The structure of weakly bound and unbound nuclei close to particle drip lines is one of the major science drivers of nuclear physics. A comprehensive understanding of these systems goes beyond the traditional configuration interaction approach formulated in the Hilbert space of localized states (nuclear shell model) and requires an open quantum system description. The complex-energy Gamow shell model (GSM) provides such a framework as it is capable of describing resonant and nonresonant many-body states on equal footing. Purpose: To make reliable predictions, quality input is needed that allows for the full uncertainty quantification of theoretical results. In this study, we carry out the optimization of an effective GSM (one-body and two-body) interaction in the p s d f -shell-model space. The resulting interaction is expected to describe nuclei with 5 ≤A ≲12 at the p -s d -shell interface. Method: The one-body potential of the 4He core is modeled by a Woods-Saxon + spin-orbit + Coulomb potential, and the finite-range nucleon-nucleon interaction between the valence nucleons consists of central, spin-orbit, tensor, and Coulomb terms. The GSM is used to compute key fit observables. The χ2 optimization is performed using the Gauss-Newton algorithm augmented by the singular value decomposition technique. The resulting covariance matrix enables quantification of statistical errors within the linear regression approach. Results: The optimized one-body potential reproduces nucleon-4He scattering phase shifts up to an excitation energy of 20 MeV. The two-body interaction built on top of the optimized one-body field is adjusted to the bound and unbound ground-state binding energies and selected excited states of the helium, lithium, and beryllium isotopes up to A =9 . A very good agreement with experimental results was obtained for binding energies. First applications of the optimized interaction include predictions for two-nucleon correlation densities

  11. Research potential and cognitive features of students.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bordovskaia N.V.


    Full Text Available This article examines the theoretical and methodological justifications for studying students’ research potential. It presents proof of the isomorphic nature of human research activity and research potential as well as of the fluid nature of its development: from research-like behavior to science-based research activity. It defines three functional components (motivational, cognitive, and behavioral that form the structure of research potential. It further presents the results of empirically studying the cognitive features of master’s students possessing different levels of research potential. It provides data on the dynamics of research-potential components at different educational levels (bachelor’s and master’s programs. Special attention is given to a comparative analysis of evaluations by research tutors regarding their students’ research potential and of the indicators obtained using psychodiagnostic methods.

  12. Enterprise Potential: Essence, Classification and Types

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Turylo Anatolii M.


    Full Text Available The article considers existing approaches to classification of the enterprise potential as an economic notion. It offers own vision of classification of enterprise potential, which meets modern tendencies of enterprise development. Classification ensures a possibility of a wider description and assessment of enterprise potential and also allows identification of its most significant characteristics. Classification of the enterprise potential is developed by different criteria: by functions, by resource support, by ability to adapt, by the level of detection, by the spectrum of taking into account possibilities, by the period of coverage of possibilities and by the level of use. Analysis of components of the enterprise potential allows obtaining a complete and trustworthy assessment of the state of an enterprise. Adaptation potential of an enterprise is based on principles systemacy and dynamism, it characterises possibilities of adjustment of an enterprise to external and internal economic conditions.

  13. Detecting Potential Insider Threats Through Email Datamining (United States)


    Detecting Potential Insider Threats through Email Datamining THESIS James Okolica, First Lieutenant, USAF AFIT/GCS/ENG/06-10 DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR...States Government. AFIT/GCS/ENG/06-10 Detecting Potential Insider Threats through Email Datamining THESIS Presented to the Faculty Department of...March 2006 APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE; DISTRIBUTION UNLIMITED. AFIT/GCS/ENG/06-10 Detecting Potential Insider Threats through Email Datamining James

  14. Research of photoinduced potentials of pepper leaves


    D. V. Chernetchenko; MOTSNYJ M.P.; N. P. Botsva; О. V. Elina


    Bioelectrical potentials of the plants during photostimulation with various intensity values and wave lengths are studied. Such stimulation provides light-dependent reactions of photosynthesis. The universal scheme of registration of bioelectric potentials, which allows to carry out the experimental study of light stimuli effect on the plant is proposed. All registrations of potentials are observed on the pepper leaves. Photoinduced stimuli are different with intensity changed from 150 to 450...

  15. Potential radiation doses from 1994 Hanford Operations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Soldat, J.K.; Antonio, E.J.


    This section of the 1994 Hanford Site Environmental Report summarizes the potential radiation doses to the public from releases originating at the Hanford Site. Members of the public are potentially exposed to low-levels of radiation from these effluents through a variety of pathways. The potential radiation doses to the public were calculated for the hypothetical MEI and for the general public residing within 80 km (50 mi) of the Hanford Site.

  16. Understanding Vertical Jump Potentiation: A Deterministic Model. (United States)

    Suchomel, Timothy J; Lamont, Hugh S; Moir, Gavin L


    This review article discusses previous postactivation potentiation (PAP) literature and provides a deterministic model for vertical jump (i.e., squat jump, countermovement jump, and drop/depth jump) potentiation. There are a number of factors that must be considered when designing an effective strength-power potentiation complex (SPPC) focused on vertical jump potentiation. Sport scientists and practitioners must consider the characteristics of the subject being tested and the design of the SPPC itself. Subject characteristics that must be considered when designing an SPPC focused on vertical jump potentiation include the individual's relative strength, sex, muscle characteristics, neuromuscular characteristics, current fatigue state, and training background. Aspects of the SPPC that must be considered for vertical jump potentiation include the potentiating exercise, level and rate of muscle activation, volume load completed, the ballistic or non-ballistic nature of the potentiating exercise, and the rest interval(s) used following the potentiating exercise. Sport scientists and practitioners should design and seek SPPCs that are practical in nature regarding the equipment needed and the rest interval required for a potentiated performance. If practitioners would like to incorporate PAP as a training tool, they must take the athlete training time restrictions into account as a number of previous SPPCs have been shown to require long rest periods before potentiation can be realized. Thus, practitioners should seek SPPCs that may be effectively implemented in training and that do not require excessive rest intervals that may take away from valuable training time. Practitioners may decrease the necessary time needed to realize potentiation by improving their subject's relative strength.

  17. Tachyon potentials from a supersymmetric FRW model


    GARCÍA-JIMÉNEZ, G.; Ramírez, C.; Vázquez-Báez, V.


    Considering that the effective theory of closed string tachyons can have worldsheet supersymmetry, as shown by Vafa, we study a worldline supersymmetric action in a FRW background, whose superpotential originates a tachyon scalar potential. There are such potentials with spontaneously broken supersymmetry at the instability and supersymmetric after tachyon condensation. Furthermore, given a tachyonic potential, the superpotential can be computed by a power series ansatz and has a free paramet...

  18. Pumped Storage and Potential Hydropower from Conduits

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)



    Th is Congressional Report, Pumped Storage Hydropower and Potential Hydropower from Conduits, addresses the technical flexibility that existing pumped storage facilities can provide to support intermittent renewable energy generation. This study considered potential upgrades or retrofit of these facilities, the technical potential of existing and new pumped storage facilities to provide grid reliability benefits, and the range of conduit hydropower opportunities available in the United States.

  19. Geophysical Processes - MO 2013 Collapse Potential (SHP) (United States)

    NSGIC State | GIS Inventory — Collapse potential correlates with locations of underground mines and sinkholes. Computer-generated hazard calculations include areas in close proximity to mines and...


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. V. Loguinova


    Full Text Available Existing methodological approaches to assessment of the innovation potential having been analyzed, a network system innovative potential identification and characterization method is proposed that makes it possible to assess the potential’s qualitative and quantitative components and to determine their consistency with national innovative system formation and development objectives. Four stages are recommended and determined to assess the network economy innovative potential. Main structural elements of the network economy innovative potential are the resource, institutional, infrastructural and resulting factor totalities.

  1. Unusual but potential agents of terrorists. (United States)

    Holstege, Christopher P; Bechtel, Laura K; Reilly, Tracey H; Wispelwey, Bram P; Dobmeier, Stephen G


    Emergency personnel are tasked with the daunting job of being the first to evaluate and manage victims of a terrorist attack. Numerous potential chemical agents could be used by terrorists. The challenge for first responders and local hospital emergency personnel is to prepare for a terrorist event that might use one or more of these agents. As part of that preparation, emergency physicians should have a basic understanding of potential chemical terrorist agents. It is beyond the scope of this article to review all potential terrorist agents. Rather, four potential agents have been chosen for review: sodium monofluoroacetate, trichothecene mycotoxins, vomiting agents, and saxitoxin.

  2. Measurement of human potential in organizations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosa María Fuchs Ángeles


    Full Text Available Companies around the world are concerned about talent management in their organizations. The concern is to retain talented employees and this may not be possible if they are not properly identified. Performance and potential evaluations become then important. Performance evaluations qualify the historical record of the employee, so their measurement is provided. However, measuring the potential performance assesses potential future charges, therefore it is not a simple task. In this paper, characteristics evaluated in potential employees and tools that are commonly used are presented. Also, the case of four companies operating in Peru is shown.

  3. Role of Barrier Modification and Nuclear Structure Effects in Sub-Barrier Fusion Dynamics of Various Heavy Ion Fusion Reactions (United States)

    Gautam, Manjeet Singh; Vinod, K.; Kumar, Hitender


    The role of barrier modifications and the relevant nuclear structure effects in the fusion of the {}_8{}^{16}O+{}_{62}{}^{144,148,150,152,154}Sm and {}_3{}^{6,7}Li+{}_{62}{}^{152}Sm systems is analyzed within the context of the energy-dependent Woods-Saxon potential model (EDWSP model) and the coupled channel model. For the {}_8{}^{16}O+{}_{62}{}^{144,148,150,152,154}Sm reactions, where the colliding pairs are stable against breakup, the collective excitations and/or static deformations are sufficient to account for the observed fusion enhancement. In contrast, the model calculations overpredict the complete fusion data at above - barrier energies for the {}_3{}^{6,7}Li+{}_{62}{}^{152}Sm systems, where the importance of projectile breakup effects has been pointed out. Due to the low threshold of the alpha-breakup channel, the weakly bound projectiles ({}_3{}^{6,7}Li) break up into charged fragments before reaching the fusion barrier and consequently the complete fusion cross section is suppressed by 28% (25%) in the {}_3{}^6Li+{}_{62}{}^{152}Sm({}_3{}^7Li+{}_{62}{}^{152}Sm) reaction with respect to predictions of coupled channel calculations. However, the EDWSP model based calculations can minimize the suppression factor by as much as of 13% (8%) in the {}_3{}^6Li+{}_{62}{}^{152}Sm({}_3{}^7Li+{}_{62}{}^{152}Sm) reaction with reference to the predictions made by the coupled channel calculations. Therefore, the complete fusion data of the {}_3{}^6Li+{}_{62}{}^{152}Sm({}_3{}^7Li+{}_{62}{}^{152}Sm) reaction at above - barrier energies is reduced by 15% (17%) with respect to the expectations of the EDWSP model. The extracted suppression factors for the studied reactions are due to the modifications of the barrier profile as a consequence of the energy - dependence in nucleus-nucleus potential, and thus greater barrier modifications occur for more weakly bound system, which in turn, confirms the breakup of projectile in the incoming channel.

  4. Transient receptor potential channels in essential hypertension

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Liu, Daoyan; Scholze, Alexandra; Zhu, Zhiming


    The role of nonselective cation channels of the transient receptor potential channel (TRPC) family in essential hypertension has not yet been investigated.......The role of nonselective cation channels of the transient receptor potential channel (TRPC) family in essential hypertension has not yet been investigated....

  5. Deriving relativistic Bohmian quantum potential using variational ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Deriving relativistic Bohmian quantum potential using variational method and conformal transformations ... We obtain this potential by using variational method. Then ... Department of Physics, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Azadi Sq., Mashhad, Iran; School of Physics, Institute for Research in Fundamental Science (IPM), ...

  6. Growth potential of the family camping market (United States)

    W.F. LaPage; W.F. LaPage


    A study of the camping market's short-term growth potential, based upon interviews with the heads of 2,003 representative American households. The study estimates the size of the potential camping market and divides it into three segments: those families with a high, medium and low propensity to become campers. The developed camping market is also divided into an...

  7. Leukoplakia: A short review on malignant potential

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. M. K. Masthan


    Full Text Available Oral leukoplakia is one of the most common potentially malignant disorders. Right diagnosis of potentially malignant disorders may help to prevent these lesions from malignant transformation. Proper understanding, recognizing, identification and differentiating these lesions from normal mucosa are necessary for proper treatment.

  8. Potential roughness near lithographically fabricated atom chips

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krüger, Peter; Andersson, L. M.; Wildermuth, Stefan


    Potential roughness has been reported to severely impair experiments in magnetic microtraps. We show that these obstacles can be overcome as we measure disorder potentials that are reduced by two orders of magnitude near lithographically patterned high-quality gold layers on semiconductor atom chip...

  9. Black Hole Dynamic Potentials Koustubh Ajit Kabe

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Abstract. In the following paper, certain black hole dynamic potentials have been developed definitively on the lines of classical thermodynam- ics. These potentials have been refined in view of the small differences in the equations of the laws of black hole dynamics as given by Bekenstein and those of thermodynamics.

  10. Heavy quarkonium properties from Cornell potential using ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)


    Oct 8, 2016 ... literature related to quark potentials, we would like to list refs [7,12–19]. Although this list is incom- plete, these references are a good starting point on .... Schematic representation of potential V1 and its first two supersymmetric partners V2 and V3 with its corre- sponding spectrum. The ground state in V1 is ...

  11. YouTube: Educational Potentials and Pitfalls (United States)

    Jones, Troy; Cuthrell, Kristen


    The instructional potential of video technology in the classroom is promising, especially in light of the 21st Century Learning Framework (Siegle, 2009). Studies show positive gains in student outcomes as a result of the integration of video technology in instruction. This article explores potential uses of YouTube as an instructional aid in…

  12. Simulation of action potential propagation in plants. (United States)

    Sukhov, Vladimir; Nerush, Vladimir; Orlova, Lyubov; Vodeneev, Vladimir


    Action potential is considered to be one of the primary responses of a plant to action of various environmental factors. Understanding plant action potential propagation mechanisms requires experimental investigation and simulation; however, a detailed mathematical model of plant electrical signal transmission is absent. Here, the mathematical model of action potential propagation in plants has been worked out. The model is a two-dimensional system of excitable cells; each of them is electrically coupled with four neighboring ones. Ion diffusion between excitable cell apoplast areas is also taken into account. The action potential generation in a single cell has been described on the basis of our previous model. The model simulates active and passive signal transmission well enough. It has been used to analyze theoretically the influence of cell to cell electrical conductivity and H(+)-ATPase activity on the signal transmission in plants. An increase in cell to cell electrical conductivity has been shown to stimulate an increase in the length constant, the action potential propagation velocity and the temperature threshold, while the membrane potential threshold being weakly changed. The growth of H(+)-ATPase activity has been found to induce the increase of temperature and membrane potential thresholds and the reduction of the length constant and the action potential propagation velocity. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  13. Singularity Theory for W-Algebra Potentials

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gaite, J


    The Landau potentials of W3-algebra models are analyzed with algebraic-geometric methods. The number of ground states and the number of independent perturbations of every potential coincide and can be computed. This number agrees with the structure of ground states obtained in a previous paper,

  14. Identification of potentially competing Afrotropical and Palaearctic ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Identification of potentially competing Afrotropical and Palaearctic bird species in the Sahel. ... Areas experiencing a seasonal influx of migrants may be expected to have a high potential for competition between resident and migrant populations. Described differences in foraging behaviour and microhabitat selection ...

  15. Potentials of Rubella Deaf-Blind Children. (United States)

    Smith, Benjamin F.

    Potentials of three classifications of rubella deaf blind children are discussed. Potentials for children at the middle trainable level and below are discussed for the areas of communication skills, daily living skills, mobility and orientation, vocational effort, and self-control and social interaction. For children in the upper trainable through…

  16. Streaming potential near a rotating porous disk. (United States)

    Prieve, Dennis C; Sides, Paul J


    Theory and experimental results for the streaming potential measured in the vicinity of a rotating porous disk-shaped sample are described. Rotation of the sample on its axis draws liquid into its face and casts it from the periphery. Advection within the sample engenders streaming current and streaming potential that are proportional to the zeta potential and the disk's major dimensions. When Darcy's law applies, the streaming potential is proportional to the square of the rotation at low rate but becomes invariant with rotation at high rate. The streaming potential is invariant with the sample's permeability at low rate and is proportional to the inverse square of the permeability at high rate. These predictions were tested by determining the zeta potential and permeability of the loop side of Velcro, a sample otherwise difficult to characterize; reasonable values of -56 mV for zeta and 8.7 × 10(-9) m(2) for the permeability were obtained. This approach offers the ability to determine both the zeta potential and the permeability of materials having open structures. Compressing them into a porous plug is unnecessary. As part of the development of the theory, a convenient formula for a flow-weighted volume-averaged space-charge density of the porous medium, -εζ/k, was obtained, where ε is the permittivity, ζ is the zeta potential, and k is the Darcy permeability. The formula is correct when Smoluchowski's equation and Darcy's law are both valid.

  17. Unjamming in models with analytic pairwise potentials

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kooij, S.; Lerner, E.

    Canonical models for studying the unjamming scenario in systems of soft repulsive particles assume pairwise potentials with a sharp cutoff in the interaction range. The sharp cutoff renders the potential nonanalytic but makes it possible to describe many properties of the solid in terms of the

  18. Weak gravitational field and Coriolis potential

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Analysis of this phenomenon from the point of view of Lagrangian and Hamiltonian mechanics is interesting from the general relativistic point of view due to Einstein's principle of equivalence. We show that the vector u → plays the role of vector potential which, however, essentially differs from vector potential known in ...

  19. Comparative study of quantum anharmonic potentials

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Amore, Paolo [Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Colima, Bernal Diaz del Castillo 340, Colima (Mexico)]. E-mail:; Aranda, Alfredo [Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Colima, Bernal Diaz del Castillo 340, Colima (Mexico); De Pace, Arturo [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Torino, via P. Giuria 1, I-10125 Torino (Italy); Lopez, Jorge A. [Physics Department, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, TX (United States)


    We perform a study of various anharmonic potentials using a recently developed method. We calculate both the wave functions and the energy eigenvalues for the ground and first excited states of the quartic, sextic and octic potentials with high precision, comparing the results with other techniques available in the literature.

  20. Developing simplified Regional Potential Evapotranspiration (PET ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Regional Potential Evapotranspiration (PET) estimation method was developed to estimate the potential evapotranspiration (reference evapotranspiration) over Abbay Basin as a function of basin maximum and minimum temperature, and modulated by site specific elevation data. The method is intended to estimate PET in ...

  1. The mother of all pair potentials

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dyre, J. C.; Bacher, Andreas Kvist


    This paper presents a computer simulation study of the exponentially repulsive pair potential system. The simulations show that the system has strong virial potential energy correlations in a large part of its thermodynamic phase diagram. Consequences of this are briefly discussed; these include ...

  2. Bioprospecting and antifungal potential of chitinolytic microorganisms

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Many chitinolytic microorganisms have potential to control fungal plant pathogens but they are not fully successful in all the cases due to different geological and environmental conditions. Thus, bioprospecting to find novel, highly chitinolytic microorganisms which help in developing potential biocontrol agent. Furthermore ...

  3. Quantifying indices of potential competitiveness and browse ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The prediction of indices of potential competition with grass and browse productivity of single-stemmed Acacia karroo trees, using various trunk and canopy parameters, was evaluated on the basis of the variance accounted for by each of four operators and the repeatability for all operators. Potential competitiveness and ...

  4. Ephemeral Electric Potential and Electric Field Sensor (United States)

    Generazio, Edward R. (Inventor)


    Systems, methods, and devices of the various embodiments provide for the minimization of the effects of intrinsic and extrinsic leakage electrical currents enabling true measurements of electric potentials and electric fields. In an embodiment, an ephemeral electric potential and electric field sensor system may have at least one electric field sensor and a rotator coupled to the electric field sensor and be configured to rotate the electric field sensor at a quasi-static frequency. In an embodiment, ephemeral electric potential and electric field measurements may be taken by rotating at least one electric field sensor at a quasi-static frequency, receiving electrical potential measurements from the electric field sensor when the electric field sensor is rotating at the quasi-static frequency, and generating and outputting images based at least in part on the received electrical potential measurements.

  5. The Maritime Potential of ASEAN Economies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hans-Dieter Evers


    Full Text Available Countries may utilize a long coastline in relation to their landmass as a resource to develop their maritime economy. This paper argues that ASEAN countries differ in utilizing their maritime potential. As a basis for further comparative studies the Center for Policy Research and International Studies (CenPRIS in Penang developed a set of indicators to measure the maritime potential of nations, the state of their maritime industries, and the degree to which the maritime potential has actually been utilized. Using the CenPRIS Ocean Index (COI shows that Brunei and the Philippines have underutilized their maritime potentials, whereas Singapore and Thailand have made full use of it. Malaysia still has the potential to further develop its maritime economy.

  6. Morphing the He-OCS intermolecular potential (United States)

    Howson, Joanna M. M.; Hutson, Jeremy M.


    A potential energy surface for He-OCS that agrees with experimental rotational spectra to within 1 MHz is presented. The potential was first calculated at a grid defined in prolate spheroidal coordinates, which give stabler interpolations than Jacobi coordinates. Coupled cluster calculations at the CCSD(T) level were carried out with an aug-cc-pVTZ basis set. The potential was then morphed, a procedure that scales the energy and the intermolecular distance in a coordinate-dependent way. The parameters of the function used for morphing were determined by a least-squares fit to the experimental data. The global minimum of the recommended potential, at -50.2 cm-1, is 4.8 cm-1 deeper than the unscaled potential of Higgins and Klemperer [J. Chem. Phys. 110, 1383 (1999)]. The morphing procedure increases the well depth by more at the sulfur end than at the oxygen end.

  7. Rogue waves management by external potentials

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Al Khawaja, U., E-mail: [Physics Department, United Arab Emirates University, P.O. Box 17551, Al-Ain (United Arab Emirates); Taki, Majid [Laboratoire de Physique des Lasers, Atomes et Molécules, CNRS UMR 8523, Centre d' Etudes et de Recherches Lasers et Applications, Université de Lille 1 (Sciences et Technologies), 59655 Villeneuve d' Ascq Cedex (France)


    We study the effect of time-dependent linear and quadratic potentials on the profile and dynamics of rogue waves represented by a Peregrine soliton. The Akhmediev breather, Ma breather, bright soliton, Peregrine soliton, and constant wave (CW) are all obtained by changing the value of one parameter in the general solution corresponding to the amplitude of the input CW. The corresponding solutions for the case with linear and quadratic potentials were derived by the similarity transformation method. While the peak height and width of the rogue wave turn out to be insensitive to the linear potential, the trajectory of its center-of-mass can be manipulated with an arbitrary time-dependent slope of the linear potential. With a quadratic potential, the peak height and width of the rogue wave can be arbitrarily manipulated to result, for a special case, in a very intense pulse.

  8. Coherence potentials encode simple human sensorimotor behavior.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dhanya Parameshwaran

    Full Text Available Recent work has shown that large amplitude negative periods in the local field potential (nLFPs are able to spread in saltatory manner across large distances in the cortex without distortion in their temporal structure forming 'coherence potentials'. Here we analysed subdural electrocorticographic (ECoG signals recorded at 59 sites in the sensorimotor cortex in the left hemisphere of a human subject performing a simple visuomotor task (fist clenching and foot dorsiflexion to understand how coherence potentials arising in the recordings relate to sensorimotor behavior. In all behaviors we found a particular coherence potential (i.e. a cascade of a particular nLFP wave pattern arose consistently across all trials with temporal specificity. During contrateral fist clenching, but not the foot dorsiflexion or ipsilateral fist clenching, the coherence potential most frequently originated in the hand representation area in the somatosensory cortex during the anticipation and planning periods of the trial, moving to other regions during the actual motor behavior. While these 'expert' sites participated more consistently, other sites participated only a small fraction of the time. Furthermore, the timing of the coherence potential at the hand representation area after onset of the cue predicted the timing of motor behavior. We present the hypothesis that coherence potentials encode information relevant for behavior and are generated by the 'expert' sites that subsequently broadcast to other sites as a means of 'sharing knowledge'.

  9. Four potential gravitation and its quantization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Poth, Hartwig


    In the preceding theory of gravitation, the gravitation potential has been considered as a scalar potential having as its source the proper time density from rest mass. In the present amended theory, however, the gravitation potential is considered as a four potential like the electromagnetic four potential. The new source term is the four rest mass current density like the four electrical charge current density in the electromagnetic theory. That new theory yields essentially the same results as the former scalar theory. The Mercury perihelion like some other effects known from general relativity can be calculated likewise. Gravitational radiation can be calculated only up to a constant factor which is to be taken from general relativity. In the preceding theory, there had been a calculation error insofar; in principle, however there is no difference to the result of general relativity. There is still also a gravitational monopole radiation. The spin of the new gravitational field is also zero. Moreover, with the Dirac equation a relativistic quantum mechanical equation of gravitation is obtained, which in the classical limit coincides with the new classical theory. The new gravitational potential obviously can be quantized. In principle, the new gravitational potential can interact with the spin of the electron. However, free gravitational waves can not interact with the spin of the electron, also because free gravitational waves have no spin.

  10. Abuse Potential of Pregabalin: A Systematic Review. (United States)

    Schjerning, Ole; Rosenzweig, Mary; Pottegård, Anton; Damkier, Per; Nielsen, Jimmi


    Several case reports and epidemiological studies have raised concern about the abuse potential of pregabalin, the use of which has increased substantially over the last decade. Pregabalin is, in some cases, used for recreational purposes and it has incurred attention among drug abusers for causing euphoric and dissociative effects when taken in doses exceeding normal therapeutic dosages or used by alternative routes of administration, such as nasal insufflation or venous injection. The magnitude of the abuse potential and the mechanism behind it are not fully known. The aim of this study was to present a systematic review of the data concerning the abuse potential of pregabalin. We performed a systematic literature search and reviewed the preclinical, clinical and epidemiological data on the abuse potential of pregabalin. We included preclinical (n = 17), clinical (n = 19) and epidemiological (n = 13) studies addressing the abuse potential of pregabalin. We also reviewed case reports (n = 9) concerning abuse of pregabalin. The preclinical studies indicated that pregabalin possesses modulatory effects on the GABA and glutamate systems, leaving room for an abuse potential. Further, clinical studies reported euphoria as a frequent side effect in patients treated with pregabalin. The majority of case reports concerning abuse of pregabalin involved patients with a history of substance abuse and, similarly, epidemiological studies found evidence of abuse, especially among opiate abusers. Overall, the available literature suggests an important clinical abuse potential of pregabalin and prescribers should pay attention to signs of abuse, especially in patients with a history of substance abuse.

  11. Chloride equilibrium potential in salamander cones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bryson Eric J


    Full Text Available Abstract Background GABAergic inhibition and effects of intracellular chloride ions on calcium channel activity have been proposed to regulate neurotransmission from photoreceptors. To assess the impact of these and other chloride-dependent mechanisms on release from cones, the chloride equilibrium potential (ECl was determined in red-sensitive, large single cones from the tiger salamander retinal slice. Results Whole cell recordings were done using gramicidin perforated patch techniques to maintain endogenous Cl- levels. Membrane potentials were corrected for liquid junction potentials. Cone resting potentials were found to average -46 mV. To measure ECl, we applied long depolarizing steps to activate the calcium-activated chloride current (ICl(Ca and then determined the reversal potential for the current component that was inhibited by the Cl- channel blocker, niflumic acid. With this method, ECl was found to average -46 mV. In a complementary approach, we used a Cl-sensitive dye, MEQ, to measure the Cl- flux produced by depolarization with elevated concentrations of K+. The membrane potentials produced by the various high K+ solutions were measured in separate current clamp experiments. Consistent with electrophysiological experiments, MEQ fluorescence measurements indicated that ECl was below -36 mV. Conclusions The results of this study indicate that ECl is close to the dark resting potential. This will minimize the impact of chloride-dependent presynaptic mechanisms in cone terminals involving GABAa receptors, glutamate transporters and ICl(Ca.

  12. Marketing potential of industrial companies of Ukraine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O.V. Oliynyk


    Full Text Available The article determines the essence of the marketing potential of the company as a part of improving the efficiency of the company’s activity forming a united mechanism along with industrial and financial subsystems. The components of the total potential of the company, the factors forming structure of the marketing potential of the company and the approaches to the evaluation of such a potential of the company are considered. It is determined that the marketing potential of the company integrates all the marketing resources, reserves and the possibility of their use, and the functioning as well as development of the system are subjected to the achievement of the main company’s goals. The differences in the interpretation of economic, market and marketing potential of the company are identified, although they are related to the subject of entrepreneurship, but they differ in their essence. The substantiation of the essence of marketing potential of the company, the development of an effective mechanism of its management with the possibility of evaluation will contribute to the maximum satisfaction of interests of information consumers’ groups, the formation of strategic directions of the activity, making management decisions at the micro level, the effective functioning in the internal and external markets.

  13. Regional Differentiation of Human Potential Indicators

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vyacheslav Veniaminovich Lokosov


    Full Text Available The purpose of the article is the interregional analysis of human potential. In comparison with the quality of life of the population, the quality of population itself is studied far less. The article presents an expanded characteristic of human potential in seven directions: economic activity, demographic processes, physical health, cultural potential, social health, educational potential and the attitude of the population to the environment. On the basis of statistics for 2008–2012 years, 63 indicators of human potential for all directions are selected. In the final result, the correlation analysis has led to the substantiation of the system of indicators consisting of 10 indicators. Three economic and seven social indicators characterizing human potential are included into this system. On the basis of the indicators by means of hierarchical agglomerative methods of cluster analysis, a classification of the Russian regions is carried out in two versions: with economic indicators and without them. The result of the calculations is a stable temporal typology of regions by indicators of human potential covering 74.4 % of the population of Russia. The article provides a substantial interpretation of dividing regions into groups, identifies the strengths and weaknesses of each cluster, shows the specific features of the regions included into the clusters. The obtained results can be used in the development of measures for the reduction of the interregional inequality in terms of human potential. It is possible to define what measures can be effective by studying the strategic directions of the development of regions in the cluster which is the most successful regarding the characteristics of human potential.

  14. Potentials of development in protected areas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jernej Tiran


    Full Text Available The aim of this article is to expose the ways of recognizing potentials for development in the following selected protected areas: Triglav National Park (TNP, Goričko Landscape Park (KPG and Logarska dolina Landscape Park (KPLD. Basing our results on a survey, which was carried out among locals and tourists, we found out that the ways in which people see potentials for development differ. On the basis of their answers and our analysis of the actual state we established certain potentials for development, which are in compliance with the following principles: they result from the local sources, are in compliance with the applicable legislation and are sustainable.

  15. Elastic scattering and reaction cross sections for {sup 8}B, {sup 7}Be + {sup 27}Al around the Coulomb barrier

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Morcelle, V.; Lichtenthaeler, R.; Guimaraes, V.; Lepine-Szily, A.; Faria, P.N.; Camargo, O.; Barioni, A.; Mendes Junior, D.R.; Condori, R. P.; Zamora, J.C.; Morais, M.C.; Pires, K.C.C.; Scarduelli, V.; Leistenschneider, E.; Zagatto, V.A.B. [Universidade de Sao Paulo (USP), SP (Brazil); Shorto, J.M.B. [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Aguilera, E.F.; Martinez-Quiroz, E.; Lizcano, D. [Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares, DF (Mexico); Kolata, J.; Lamm, L.O. [University of Notre Dame, Indiana (United States); Becchetti, F.; Jiang, H. [University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)


    Full text: The advent of radioactive beam production opened a new era in the nuclear physics, allowing the study of nuclei far from the beta stability line. One of the most interesting discoveries is the exotic structure of some of these unstable nuclei, which present the halo, such as {sup 6}He, {sup 11}Be, {sup 11}Li and others. During the last years, systems involving the neutron halo nuclei {sup 6}He have been extensively studied. In the case proton halo nuclei, on the other hand, the amount of available experimental data is very limited. The proton rich nucleus {sup 8}B is very interesting candidate as it has one proton very loosely bound (Sp = 138 KeV) to the {sup 7}Be core. Due to this low binding energy, the {sup 8}B is expected to be a proton halo and the dissociation {sup 8}B -- >{sup 7}Be+p in a collision {sup 8}B+target is expected to be very probable having a considerable effect in the total reaction cross section. We performed {sup 8}B+{sup 27}Al elastic scattering measurements at E{sub lab}= 16.0 and 22.0 MeV. The {sup 8}B beam has been produced by the reaction {sup 3}He({sup 6}Li,{sup 8}B)n and focused on a {sup 27}Al secondary target (2.1 mg/cm{sup 2}). Two experiments have been performed one at the RIBRAS system (Brazil) and another in Twinsol (USA). As the secondary beam is a cocktail of {sup 4}He, {sup 6}Li, {sup 7}Be, {sup 8}B particles, the {sup 7}Be+{sup 27}Al elastic angular distributions have been obtained as well. The elastic angular distributions were analyzed by optical model calculations, using Woods- Saxon potential and the total reaction cross sections have been obtained. The total reaction cross sections have been reduced using the Wong formula and the UFF equation being compared with others data from the literature. (author)

  16. Dynamics of complete and incomplete fusion of {sup 6,7}Li, {sup 15}N and {sup 16}O with a {sup 209}Bi target

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gautam, Manjeet Singh; Vinod, K. [Indus Degree College, Department of Physics, Kinana, Jind, Haryana (India); Khatri, Hitender [Dr. B.R. Ambedekar Institute of Technology, Department of Physics, Port Blair, Andaman and Nicobar (India)


    The dynamics of complete and incomplete fusion of {sup 6,7}Li, {sup 15}N and {sup 16}O with a common target ({sup 209}Bi) around the Coulomb barrier are analyzed within the context of the coupled channel formulation and the energy dependent Woods-Saxon potential (EDWSP) model. The calculated results are compared with experimental fusion cross-sections and it has been shown that complete fusion (CF) data of weakly bound projectile with a heavy target ({sup 209}Bi) gets suppressed at above barrier energies. In the case of the {sup 6}Li + {sup 209}Bi ({sup 7}Li + {sup 209}Bi) reaction, the CF data at above barrier energies is reduced by 34% (26%) with reference to the expectations of the coupled channel approach. However, the theoretical estimations due to the EDWSP model can minimize the suppression factor by 9% with respect to the reported value and consequently the portion of above barrier CF cross-section data of {sup 6}Li + {sup 209}Bi ({sup 7}Li + {sup 209}Bi) reaction is suppressed by 25% (17%) when compared with the present model calculations. This fusion inhibition can be correlated with the low breakup threshold of projectile which in turn breaks up into two fragments in the entrance channel prior to fusion barrier. The total fusion (TF) data, which is sum of complete fusion (CF) data and incomplete fusion (ICF) data, is not suppressed when compared with the predictions of the theoretical approaches and thus breakup channel has very little influence on the total fusion cross-sections. Although the breakup fragments appeared in both reactions, the enhanced suppression effects observed for the lighter projectile can be correlated with its low binding energy associated with the α-breakup channel. Further the outcomes of the EDWSP model reasonably explained the ICF contribution appeared in the fusion of {sup 6,7}Li + {sup 209}Bi reactions. In contrast to this, the observed fusion dynamics of {sup 15}N + {sup 209}Bi and {sup 16}O + {sup 209}Bi reactions, wherein

  17. Effective Kratzer and Coulomb potentials as limit cases of a multiparameter exponential-type potential

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    García-Ravelo, J., E-mail: [Departamento de Física, Escuela Superior de Física y Matemáticas, Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Edificio 9, Unidad Profesional Adolfo López Mateos, México D.F., 07738 (Mexico); Menéndez, A.; García-Martínez, J. [Departamento de Física, Escuela Superior de Física y Matemáticas, Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Edificio 9, Unidad Profesional Adolfo López Mateos, México D.F., 07738 (Mexico); Schulze-Halberg, A. [Department of Mathematics and Actuarial Science and Department of Physics, Indiana University Northwest, 3400 Broadway, Gary, IN 46408 (United States)


    We show that the effective Kratzer and Coulomb potentials can be obtained by taking particular limits of a multiparameter exponential potential that was studied recently. Moreover, we demonstrate that the bound state solutions of the exponential potential reduce correctly to their well-known counterparts associated with the Kratzer and Coulomb potentials. As a byproduct, we obtain a new limit relation for the hypergeometric function. - Highlights: • Kratzer and Coulomb potentials are limit cases of an exponential-type potential. • From exact s-waves, approximate solutions for l-waves are obtained. • l-waves of the potential tend to the solutions of the Kratzer and Coulomb potentials. • A non-evident identity between hypergeometric functions is demonstrated.

  18. Potential Advantages of Reusing Potentially Contaminated Land for Renewable Energy Fact Sheet (United States)

    EPA promotes the reuse of potentially contaminated lands and landfills for renewable energy. This strategy creates new markets for potentially contaminated lands, while providing a sustainable land development strategy for renewable energy.

  19. Thalassiosira mala (Bacillariophyta), a potentially harmful, marine ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Thalassiosira malaitalic> (Bacillariophyta), a potentially harmful, marine diatom from Chilka Lake and other coastal localities of Odisha, India: Nomenclature, ... Department of Biological Science, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306–4370, USA; Department of Biology, Valdosta State University, Valdosta, GA ...

  20. Heavy quarkonium properties from Cornell potential using ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Pramana – Journal of Physics; Volume 87; Issue 5. Heavy quarkonium properties from Cornell potential using variational method and supersymmetric quantum mechanics. ALFREDO VEGA JORGE FLORES. Regular ... Keywords. Quarkonium; variational method; supersymmetric quantum mechanics.

  1. VT Act 174 Ground Mount Solar Potential (United States)

    Vermont Center for Geographic Information — (Link to Metadata) The only statewide solar potential layer available used in the Act 174 effort comes from the 2010 Renewable Energy Atlas of Vermont (REAVT) effort...

  2. OLED Lighting Products: Capabilities, Challenges, Potential

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miller, N. J. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Leon, F. A. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)


    A report that focuses on the potential for architectural OLED lighting – describing currently available OLED products as well as promised improvements, and addressing the technology and market hurdles that have thus far prevented wider use of OLEDs.

  3. Habitat Analysis - Trinity River Restoration Potential (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The goal of the Trinity River project is to identify the potential positive effects of large-scale restoration actions in a 63 kilometer reach of the Trinity River...

  4. Geomorphic Analysis - Trinity River Restoration Potential (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The goal of the Trinity River project is to identify the potential positive effects of large-scale restoration actions in a 63 kilometer reach of the Trinity River...

  5. Newtonian potential in quantum Regge gravity

    CERN Document Server

    Hamber, H W; Herbert W Hamber; Ruth M Williams


    ABSTRACT: We show how the Newtonian potential between two heavy masses can be computed in simplicial quantum gravity. On the lattice we compute correlations between Wilson lines associated with the heavy particles and which are closed by the lattice periodicity. We check that the continuum analog of this quantity reproduces the Newtonian potential in the weak field expansion. In the smooth anti-de Sitter-like phase, which is the only phase where a sensible lattice continuum limit can be constructed in this model, we attempt to determine the shape and mass dependence of the attractive potential close to the critical point in G. It is found that non-linear graviton interactions give rise to a potential which is Yukawa-like, with a mass parameter that decreases towards the critical point where the average curvature vanishes. In the vicinity of the critical point we give an estimate for the effective Newton constant.

  6. Potential organ donor audit in Ireland.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Hegarty, M


    As increasing demand for organs is a challenge for transplant services worldwide it is essential to audit the process of organ donation. To address this, a national audit of potential organ donors was undertaken across hospitals with Intensive Care Units (N = 36). Questionnaires were returned on all patients (n = 2073) who died in these units from 1\\/9\\/07-31\\/8\\/08; 200 (10%) of these patients were considered for Brain Stem Testing (BST), 158 patients (79%) were diagnosed Brain Stem Dead (BSD) and 138 patients (87%) became potential donors. Consent for donation was given by 92 (69%) next of kin and 90 potential donors (65%) became organ donors. There was no evidence of a large number of potential organ donors being missed. Recommendations included completion of BSTs on all appropriate patients, development of support on BST, referral of all BSD patients to the Organ Procurement Service; enhanced co-ordination within hospitals and sustained information\\/education campaigns.

  7. Ozone depletion and chlorine loading potentials (United States)

    Pyle, John A.; Wuebbles, Donald J.; Solomon, Susan; Zvenigorodsky, Sergei; Connell, Peter; Ko, Malcolm K. W.; Fisher, Donald A.; Stordal, Frode; Weisenstein, Debra


    The recognition of the roles of chlorine and bromine compounds in ozone depletion has led to the regulation or their source gases. Some source gases are expected to be more damaging to the ozone layer than others, so that scientific guidance regarding their relative impacts is needed for regulatory purposes. Parameters used for this purpose include the steady-state and time-dependent chlorine loading potential (CLP) and the ozone depletion potential (ODP). Chlorine loading potentials depend upon the estimated value and accuracy of atmospheric lifetimes and are subject to significant (approximately 20-50 percent) uncertainties for many gases. Ozone depletion potentials depend on the same factors, as well as the evaluation of the release of reactive chlorine and bromine from each source gas and corresponding ozone destruction within the stratosphere.

  8. Waveguide BEC Interferometry with Painted Potentials (United States)

    Boshier, Malcolm; Lebedev, Vyacheslav; Samson, Carlo; Ryu, Changhyun


    Waveguide atom interferometers offer the possibility of long measurement times in a compact geometry, which can be an advantage over free space interferometers if the dephasing due to interatomic interactions can be controlled. We are investigating waveguide BEC interferometers created with the painted potential, a technique which allows for the creation and manipulation of BECs in arbitrary 2D potentials. The goal is to measure a linear acceleration of the device. The painted potential allows new approaches to the initial splitting of the BEC. For example, instead of smoothly deforming a single well potential into a double well, it is possible instead to gradually remove a weak link coupling two initially separated waveguides. This strategy should reduce excitations created in the splitting process. We are currently implementing such schemes and measuring the coherence time of the BEC after division. We will present the results of these measurements, and report progress towards measuring linear accelerations. Supported by LANL/LDRD.

  9. Puerto Rico Relative Erosion Potential (REP) - 1990 (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The relative erosion potential is an indicator of sediment and pollution runoff from land based on slope, soil type, land cover (circa 1990) and (maximum monthly)...

  10. Degree of Approximation and Green Potential

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Simkani


    Full Text Available We will relate the degree of rational approximation of a meromorphic function f to the minimum value, on the natural boundary of f, of Green potential of the weak∗ limit of the normalized pole-counting measures

  11. Potential targets for lung squamous cell carcinoma (United States)

    Researchers have identified potential therapeutic targets in lung squamous cell carcinoma, the second most common form of lung cancer. The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) Research Network study comprehensively characterized the lung squamous cell carcinoma gen

  12. Estimated potential for sage-grouse movement (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — Estimated potential for sage-grouse movement among sage-grouse leks (Circuitscape; McRae 2006). Rescaled HSI values were used as a measure of landscape resistance

  13. Potential F-22 Raptor Export to Japan

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Bolkcom, Christopher; Chanlett-Avery, Emma


    .... interoperability with the Japanese military. Arguments against the transfer include concerns about technology proliferation, the potential for undermining regional stability, and Japan's legal and budgetary concerns about enhancing its military...

  14. Probiotics as potential antioxidants: a systematic review. (United States)

    Mishra, Vijendra; Shah, Chandni; Mokashe, Narendra; Chavan, Rupesh; Yadav, Hariom; Prajapati, Jashbhai


    Probiotics are known for their health beneficial effects and are established as dietary adjuncts. Probiotics have been known for many beneficial health effects. In this view, there is interest to find the potential probiotic strains that can exhibit antioxidant properties along with health benefits. In vitro and in vivo studies indicate that probiotics exhibit antioxidant potential. In this view, consumption of probiotics alone or foods supplemented with probiotics may reduce oxidative damage, free radical scavenging rate, and modification in activity of crucial antioxidative enzymes in human cells. Incorporation of probiotics in foods can provide a good strategy to supply dietary antioxidants, but more studies are needed to standardize methods and evaluate antioxidant properties of probiotics before they can be recommended for antioxidant potential. In this paper, the literature related to known antioxidant potential of probiotics and proposing future perspectives to conduct such studies has been reviewed.

  15. The Anthropology of Potentiality in Biomedicine

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Taussig, Karen-Sue; Hoeyer, Klaus; Helmreich, Stefan


    At the beginning of the twenty-first century, potentiality serves as a central concept in the life sciences and in medical practices. This special issue of Current Anthropology explores how genes, cells, bodies, and populations as well as technologies, disciplines, and research areas become imbued...... of the ambiguity involved when dealing with that which does not (yet and may never) exist. We suggest that potentiality is both an analytic—one that has appeared explicitly and tacitly in the history of anthropology—as well as an object of study in need of further attention. To understand contemporary meanings...... and practices associated with potentiality, we must integrate an awareness of our own social scientific assumptions about potentiality with critical scrutiny of how the word and concept operate in the lives of the people we study....

  16. Potential Logistics Cost Savings from Engine Commonality

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Henderson, Robert L; Higer, Matthew W


    The purpose of this MBA Project is to determine potential logistics cost savings the USAF and DoD could have realized through the life of the F-16 fighter aircraft had they required engine commonality...

  17. Potential success factors in brand development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Esbjerg, Lars; Grunert, Klaus G.; Poulsen, Carsten Stig


    ? This is the question we want to answer. More specifically, we want to identify potential success factors in building strong brands, understood as brands with high consumer-based brand equity. Keller (1993, p. 2) defined customer-based brand equity as "the differential effect of brand knowledge on consumer response...... of this paper is to identify potential success factors in developing strong brands and to test whether these factors can be used to discriminate between strong and weak brands. It does so through a review of the literature for potential success factors. Furthermore, to ensure that important factors have...... not been overlooked by the literature a brainstorming session with practitioners and researchers was carried out. Based on the literature and the brainstorming session, we present a list of potential success factors in brand development in the FMCG sector. To test the validity of these factors, they were...

  18. Applying a potential across a biomembrane

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ambjörnsson, Tobias; Lomholt, Michael A; Hansen, Per Lyngs


    We investigate the effect on biomembrane mechanical properties due to the presence an external potential for a nonconductive incompressible membrane surrounded by different electrolytes. By solving the Debye-Hückel and Laplace equations for the electrostatic potential and using the relevant stress......-tensor we find (1) in the small screening length limit, where the Debye screening length is smaller than the distance between the electrodes, the screening certifies that all electrostatic interactions are short range and the major effect of the applied potential is to decrease the membrane tension...... and increase the bending rigidity; explicit expressions for electrostatic contribution to the tension and bending rigidity are derived as a function of the applied potential, the Debye screening lengths, and the dielectric constants of the membrane and the solvents. For sufficiently large voltages the negative...

  19. Puerto Rico Relative Erosion Potential (REP) - 2000 (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The relative erosion potential is an indicator of sediment and pollution runoff from land based on slope, soil type, land cover (circa 2000) and (maximum monthly)...

  20. Potentially harmful excipients in neonatal medicines

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nellis, Georgi; Metsvaht, Tuuli; Varendi, Heili


    region, GA and route of administration. Geographical region remained a significant determinant of the use of parabens, polysorbate 80, propylene glycol and saccharin sodium after adjustment for the potential covariates including anatomical therapeutic chemical class of the active ingredient. CONCLUSIONS...

  1. Potential Well Water Contaminants and Their Impacts (United States)

    The first step to protect your health and the health of your family is learning about what may pollute your source of drinking water. Potential contamination may occur naturally, or as a result of human activity.

  2. Potential Phosphorus Mobilisation in Peat Soils

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Forsmann, Ditte M.; Kjærgaard, Charlotte


    Re-establishment of wetlands on peat soils containing phosphorus bound to iron(III)-oxides can lead to an undesirable phosphorus loss to the aquatic environment due to the reductive dissolution of iron(III)-oxides. Thus it is important to be able to assess the potential phosphorus mobilisation from...... peat soils before a re-establishment takes place. The potential phosphorus mobilisation from a peat soil depends not only on the geochemical characteristics but also on the redox conditions, the hydrological regime in the area as well as the hydro-physical properties of the soil. The hypothesis....... Batch experiments were used to determine the potential phosphorus release for each location. The measured phosphorus release was related to the geochemical characteristic for the respective location. Furthermore, the potential phosphorus release was compared with the measured phosphorus mobilisation...

  3. Identification of potential biomarkers in Multiple Sclerosis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    V. Singh (Vaibhav)


    markdownabstractAbstract Multiple sclerosis (MScl) is an inflammatory, autoimmune, demyelinating disease of the central nervous system (CNS). Thesis describes the identification of potential MScl biomarker research, with emphasis on distinguishing subtypes, first event of CNS demyelination in

  4. Evoked potentials in neuroinfections in children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. N. Komantsev


    Full Text Available We present the results of the neurophysiological study in which 95 children with viral encephalitis and 30 children with meningitis (age from 2 up to 17 years undergo evoked potentials investigation. Some specific features of evoked potentials in neuroinfections have been shown to correlate with the course of disease and the age of the patients. We give a description of a logistic model of predicting outcomes in such patients by complex diagnostic method. We have found that evoked potentials may be successfully implemented in correcting the therapeutic strategies. Study of evoked potentials in neuroinfections in children can define the severity and extent of lesions and help to identify subclinical dysfunction and monitor the recovery processes under the therapy.

  5. Structuring the Resource Potential of Trade Enterprises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grosul Viktoriya A.


    Full Text Available The goal of the article lies in justification of the structure of resource potential of trade enterprises on the basis of allocation of their specific features. Systemising and generalising scientific works of many scientists, the article considers resources of retail trade enterprises and reveals their branch differences. Due to requirements of the economic practice of modern enterprises, the article specifies types of intangible resources of trade enterprises and identifies their role, essence and composition in the resource potential of enterprises. In the result of the study the article justifies structuring the resource potential, which corresponds with the modern tasks of formation, development and assessment of the resource potential of trade enterprises.

  6. Therapeutic potential of fecal microbiota transplantation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Smits, Loek P.; Bouter, Kristien E. C.; de Vos, Willem M.; Borody, Thomas J.; Nieuwdorp, Max


    There has been growing interest in the use of fecal microbiota for the treatment of patients with chronic gastrointestinal infections and inflammatory bowel diseases. Lately, there has also been interest in its therapeutic potential for cardiometabolic, autoimmune, and other extraintestinal

  7. Profile, antioxidant potential, and applicability of phenolic ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)



    ) of Spirulina platensis and assesses their antioxidant potential, applying them as a natural conservative in minimally processed apples. The phenolic extract showed 396 µg g-1 gallic acid, 347 µg g-1 of caffeic acid, 54 µg g-1.

  8. How local is the local field potential? (United States)

    Kajikawa, Yoshinao; Schroeder, Charles E


    Local field potentials (LFPs) are of growing importance in neurophysiological investigations. LFPs supplement action potential recordings by indexing activity relevant to EEG, magnetoencephalographic, and hemodynamic (fMRI) signals. Recent reports suggest that LFPs reflect activity within very small domains of several hundred micrometers. We examined this conclusion by comparing LFP, current source density (CSD), and multiunit activity (MUA) signals in macaque auditory cortex. Estimated by frequency tuning bandwidths, these signals' "listening areas" differ systematically with an order of MUA local contributions. Direct measurements indicate passive spread of LFPs to sites more than a centimeter from their origins. These findings appear to be independent of the frequency content of the LFP. Our results challenge the idea that LFP recordings typically integrate over extremely circumscribed local domains. Rather, LFPs appear as a mixture of local potentials with "volume conducted" potentials from distant sites. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. Abraham Maslow: On the Potential of Women (United States)

    Podeschi, Ronald L.; Podeschi, Phyllis J.


    Authors presented some principal perspectives by the psychologist, Abraham Maslow, who died in 1970, and who was writing about the potential of women long before it became popular to do so. (Author/RK)

  10. Potential For Conflict in the Spratly Islands

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Chin, Chin


    This thesis examines the potential for conflict in the Spratly Islands and determines whether the Declaration of Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea signed between China and ASEAN on November 4...

  11. Visual Evoked Potentials in Rett Syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Gordon Millichap


    Full Text Available Investigators from the Boston Children's Hospital recorded pattern-reversal visual evoked potentials (VEPs in Mecp2 heterozygous female mice and in 34 girls with Rett syndrome (RTT.

  12. National and Sectoral GHG Mitigation Potential

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)



    This paper compares model estimates of national and sectoral GHG mitigation potential across six key OECD GHG-emitting economies: Australia, Canada, the EU, Japan, Mexico and the US. It examines the implications of model structure, baseline and policy assumptions, and assesses GHG mitigation potential estimates across a variety of models, including models that are used to inform climate policy-makers in each of these economies.

  13. Educational Potential of Case-Study Technology


    Fedorinova, Zoya; Vorobeva, Victoria; Malyanova, Marina


    This article presents the results of phenomenological and typological analysis of case-study technology educational potential. The definition “educational potential of case-study technology” is given, the main characteristics of which are changed in communication and collaborative activity quality, appearance of educational initiatives, change of participants’ position in learning process, formation of “collective subject” in collaborative activity, increase of learning (subject) results. Dep...

  14. Injuries In Basketball And Their Potential Prevention


    Mocik, Antonín


    Title: Injuries In Basketball And Their Potential Prevention Objectives: The objective of my work was to define injuries which occur in basketball and to suggest prevention that can eliminate the birth of injury or speed up the convalescence. Methods: Research and comparison from foreign and Czech literature. I excerpted from literature and suggested potential prevention. Results: I ascertained that the most common injury is injury of lower limb, especially the injury of hock joint. The secon...

  15. Missing solution in a Cornell potential

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Castro, L.B., E-mail: [Departamento de Física, CFM, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, 88040-900, Florianópolis - SC (Brazil); Castro, A.S. de, E-mail: [Departamento de Física e Química, Campus de Guaratinguetá, Universidade Estadual Paulista, 12516-410, Guaratinguetá - SP (Brazil)


    Missing bound-state solutions for fermions in the background of a Cornell potential consisting of a mixed scalar–vector–pseudoscalar coupling is examined. Charge-conjugation operation, degeneracy and localization are discussed. -- Highlights: •The Dirac equation with scalar–vector–pseudoscalar Cornell potential is investigated. •The isolated solution from the Sturm–Liouville problem is found. •Charge-conjugation operation, degeneracy and localization are discussed.

  16. Potentials of Exopolysaccharides from Lactic Acid Bacteria


    Patel, Seema; Majumder, Avishek; Goyal, Arun


    Recent research in the area of importance of microbes has revealed the immense industrial potential of exopolysaccharides and their derivative oligosaccharides from lactic acid bacteria. However, due to lack of adequate technological knowledge, the exopolysaccharides have remained largely under exploited. In the present review, the enormous potentials of different types of exopolysaccharides from lactic acid bacteria are described. This also summarizes the recent advances in the applications ...

  17. Potentials of exopolysaccharides from lactic Acid bacteria. (United States)

    Patel, Seema; Majumder, Avishek; Goyal, Arun


    Recent research in the area of importance of microbes has revealed the immense industrial potential of exopolysaccharides and their derivative oligosaccharides from lactic acid bacteria. However, due to lack of adequate technological knowledge, the exopolysaccharides have remained largely under exploited. In the present review, the enormous potentials of different types of exopolysaccharides from lactic acid bacteria are described. This also summarizes the recent advances in the applications of exopolysaccharides, certain problems associated with their commercial production and the remedies.

  18. Innovation Potential of the Murmansk Region


    Atkova, Irina


    The Finnish-Russian trade relations regardless of the geographical proximity remain underdeveloped. The objective necessity to disseminate information about economic attractiveness and innovation potential of the Murmansk region in the Finnish business environment emanates from the above said. Thus, the object of the thesis project is the cross-boarder economic cooperation between Finnish Lapland and the Murmansk region, the topic being the innovational potential of the Murmansk region. The a...

  19. Leuloplakia - Review of A Potentially Malignant Disorder (United States)

    Abidullah, Mohammed; Gaddikeri, Kavitha; Raghoji, Swetha; Ravishankar T, Shilpa


    Leukoplakias are oral white lesions that have not been diagnosed as any other specific disease. They are grouped under premalignant lesions, now redesignated as potentially malignant disorders. Their significance lies in the fact that they have propensity for malignant transformation at a higher rate when compared to other oral lesions. This article reviews aetiology, epidemiology, clinical characteristics, histopathologic features, malignant potential and treatment of oral leukoplakia. PMID:25302287

  20. Evidence for a weaker isovector potential

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nojarov, R. [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Universitaet Tuebingen, Auf der Morgenstelle 14, D-72076 Tuebingen (Germany)


    Estimates for a weaker isovector potential than previously adopted are put forward. It is also strongly mass and energy dependent. The resulting isovector particle-hole interaction is weaker in lighter nuclei and the isovector quadrupole resonance should be located at lower energy than previously expected. The uncertainties arising from the separation of the potential asymmetry energy in nuclear matter calculations are discussed. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

  1. Potential energy savings and thermal comfort

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Karsten Ingerslev; Rudbeck, Claus Christian; Schultz, Jørgen Munthe


    The simulation results on the energy saving potential and influence on indoor thermal comfort by replacement of common windows with aerogel windows as well as commercial low-energy windows are described and analysed.......The simulation results on the energy saving potential and influence on indoor thermal comfort by replacement of common windows with aerogel windows as well as commercial low-energy windows are described and analysed....

  2. The effective potential of squeezed spin states

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bilge Ocak, S.; Altanhan, T


    Coherent spin states are considered through the spin operator representation in differential equation, which give quantum mechanical potentials. Squeezed spin states are defined through a canonical transformation. The defined concept of squeezed spin states has been applied to a spin system describing a magnetic system with S=1. The effective Schroedinger equation is obtained and the squeezed potential has been constructed for the model Hamiltonian. It is found that squeezing acts as a symmetry breaking process.

  3. Hydrogen utilization potential in subsurface sediments

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Adhikari, Rishi Ram; Glombitza, Clemens; Nickel, Julia


    Subsurface microbial communities undertake many terminal electron-accepting processes, often simultaneously. Using a tritium-based assay, we measured the potential hydrogen oxidation catalyzed by hydrogenase enzymes in several subsurface sedimentary environments (Lake Van, Barents Sea, Equatorial...... Pacific, and Gulf of Mexico) with different predominant electron-acceptors. Hydrogenases constitute a diverse family of enzymes expressed by microorganisms that utilize molecular hydrogen as a metabolic substrate, product, or intermediate. The assay reveals the potential for utilizing molecular hydrogen...

  4. Static three- and four-quark potentials

    CERN Document Server

    Alexandrou, C; Tsapalis, A; Forcrand,


    We present results for the static three- and four-quark potentials in SU(3) and SU(4) respectively. Using a variational approach, combined with multi-hit for the time-like links, we determine the ground state of the baryonic string with sufficient accuracy to test the $Y-$ and $\\Delta-$ ans\\"atze for the baryonic Wilson area law. Our results favor the $\\Delta$ ansatz, where the potential is the sum of two-body terms.

  5. Biochemicalmethane potential (BMP) of solid organic substrates

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Raposo, F.; Fernández-Cegrí, V.; de la Rubia, M.A.


    BACKGROUND: This paper describes results obtained for different participating research groups in an interlaboratory study related to biochemical methane potential (BMP). In this research work, all experimental conditions influencing the test such as inoculum, substrate characteristics and experim......BACKGROUND: This paper describes results obtained for different participating research groups in an interlaboratory study related to biochemical methane potential (BMP). In this research work, all experimental conditions influencing the test such as inoculum, substrate characteristics...

  6. The Therapeutic Potential of Medicinal Foods


    Nelvana Ramalingum; M. Fawzi Mahomoodally


    Pharmaceutical and nutritional sciences have recently witnessed a bloom in the scientific literature geared towards the use of food plants for their diversified health benefits and potential clinical applications. Health professionals now recognize that a synergism of drug therapy and nutrition might confer optimum outcomes in the fight against diseases. The prophylactic benefits of food plants are being investigated for potential use as novel medicinal remedies due to the presence of pharmac...

  7. Isoflavones as potentiators of antibacterial activity. (United States)

    Morel, Cécile; Stermitz, Frank R; Tegos, George; Lewis, Kim


    Isoflavones isolated from Lupinus argenteus were found to potentiate the antibacterial activity of alpha-linolenic acid, also found in the same plant. The isoflavones also potentiated the activity of the natural plant antibiotic berberine and the synthetic fluoroquinoline antibiotic norfloxacin. The isoflavones increased the uptake of berberine into Staphylococcus aureus cells, indicating that they may be inhibiting a multidrug resistance pump (MDR). Thus, L. argenteus contains a weak antibacterial and also MDR pump inhibitors, which increase its potency.

  8. Dirac particle in a pseudoscalar potential

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moreno, M. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Ap. Postal 20-364, 01000 (Mexico), D.F.; Zentella-Dehesa, A. [Departamento de Fisicoquimica, Intituto de Quimica, UNAM Ap. Postal 70-213, 04510 (Mexico), D.F.


    We study the problem of a Dirac particle with a pseudoscalar interaction in the potential approximation. It is shown how nonperturbative relativistic solutions arise. The case of the central pseudoscalar potential is explicitly worked out also in a closed form. The angular functions are worked out in general for this central case. Finally for the special case of the spherical well the radial solutions are shown to behave like Bessel-type functions. {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}

  9. Labour potential in the context of alienation


    Filippova, Irina


    Labour potential of the community is a complex system of the elements such as the labor power of demographic system and the institutional capacity of social system. The institutional capacity provides the division of labor and integration of individuals in the process of social production. The way of system integration of the individuals in public production defines the labour potential of the community. The paper presents an analytic formulation of the problem of social division of labor tak...

  10. Tracing the gravitational potential using cosmic voids (United States)

    Nadathur, Seshadri; Hotchkiss, Shaun; Crittenden, Robert


    The properties of large underdensities in the distribution of galaxies in the Universe, known as cosmic voids, are potentially sensitive probes of fundamental physics. We use data from the MultiDark suite of N-body simulations and multiple halo occupation distribution mocks to study the relationship between galaxy voids, identified using a watershed void-finding algorithm, and the gravitational potential Φ. We find that the majority of galaxy voids correspond to local density minima in larger scale overdensities, and thus lie in potential wells. However, a subset of voids can be identified that closely trace maxima of the gravitational potential and thus stationary points of the velocity field. We identify a new void observable, λv, which depends on a combination of the void size and the average galaxy density contrast within the void, and show that it provides a good proxy indicator of the potential at the void location. A simple linear scaling of Φ as a function of λv is found to hold, independent of the redshift and properties of the galaxies used as tracers of voids. We provide an accurate fitting formula to describe the spherically averaged potential profile Φ(r) about void centre locations. We discuss the importance of these results for the understanding of the evolution history of voids, and for their use in precision measurements of the integrated Sachs-Wolfe effect, gravitational lensing and peculiar velocity distortions in redshift space.

  11. Hydrogen utilization potential in subsurface sediments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rishi Ram Adhikari


    Full Text Available Subsurface microbial communities undertake many terminal electron-accepting processes, often simultaneously. Using a tritium-based assay, we measured the potential hydrogen oxidation catalyzed by hydrogenase enzymes in several subsurface sedimentary environments (Lake Van, Barents Sea, Equatorial Pacific and Gulf of Mexico with different predominant electron-acceptors. Hydrogenases constitute a diverse family of enzymes expressed by microorganisms that utilize molecular hydrogen as a metabolic substrate, product or intermediate. The assay reveals the potential for utilizing molecular hydrogen and allows qualitative detection of microbial activity irrespective of the predominant electron-accepting process. Because the method only requires samples frozen immediately after recovery, the assay can be used for identifying microbial activity in subsurface ecosystems without the need to preserve live material.We measured potential hydrogen oxidation rates in all samples from multiple depths at several sites that collectively span a wide range of environmental conditions and biogeochemical zones. Potential activity normalized to total cell abundance ranges over five orders of magnitude and varies, dependent upon the predominant terminal electron acceptor. Lowest per-cell potential rates characterize the zone of nitrate reduction and highest per-cell potential rates occur in the methanogenic zone. Possible reasons for this relationship to predominant electron acceptor include (i increasing importance of fermentation in successively deeper biogeochemical zones and (ii adaptation of H2ases to successively higher concentrations of H2 in successively deeper zones.

  12. Hydrogen Utilization Potential in Subsurface Sediments. (United States)

    Adhikari, Rishi R; Glombitza, Clemens; Nickel, Julia C; Anderson, Chloe H; Dunlea, Ann G; Spivack, Arthur J; Murray, Richard W; D'Hondt, Steven; Kallmeyer, Jens


    Subsurface microbial communities undertake many terminal electron-accepting processes, often simultaneously. Using a tritium-based assay, we measured the potential hydrogen oxidation catalyzed by hydrogenase enzymes in several subsurface sedimentary environments (Lake Van, Barents Sea, Equatorial Pacific, and Gulf of Mexico) with different predominant electron-acceptors. Hydrogenases constitute a diverse family of enzymes expressed by microorganisms that utilize molecular hydrogen as a metabolic substrate, product, or intermediate. The assay reveals the potential for utilizing molecular hydrogen and allows qualitative detection of microbial activity irrespective of the predominant electron-accepting process. Because the method only requires samples frozen immediately after recovery, the assay can be used for identifying microbial activity in subsurface ecosystems without the need to preserve live material. We measured potential hydrogen oxidation rates in all samples from multiple depths at several sites that collectively span a wide range of environmental conditions and biogeochemical zones. Potential activity normalized to total cell abundance ranges over five orders of magnitude and varies, dependent upon the predominant terminal electron acceptor. Lowest per-cell potential rates characterize the zone of nitrate reduction and highest per-cell potential rates occur in the methanogenic zone. Possible reasons for this relationship to predominant electron acceptor include (i) increasing importance of fermentation in successively deeper biogeochemical zones and (ii) adaptation of H2ases to successively higher concentrations of H2 in successively deeper zones.

  13. Revisiting the argument from fetal potential

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manninen Bertha


    Full Text Available Abstract One of the most famous, and most derided, arguments against the morality of abortion is the argument from potential, which maintains that the fetus' potential to become a person and enjoy the valuable life common to persons, entails that its destruction is prima facie morally impermissible. In this paper, I will revisit and offer a defense of the argument from potential. First, I will criticize the classical arguments proffered against the importance of fetal potential, specifically the arguments put forth by philosophers Peter Singer and David Boonin, by carefully unpacking the claims made in these arguments and illustrating why they are flawed. Secondly, I will maintain that fetal potential is morally relevant when it comes to the morality of abortion, but that it must be accorded a proper place in the argument. This proper place, however, cannot be found until we first answer a very important and complex question: we must first address the issue of personal identity, and when the fetus becomes the type of being who is relevantly identical to a future person. I will illustrate why the question of fetal potential can only be meaningfully addressed after we have first answered the question of personal identity and how it relates to the human fetus.

  14. Enterprise Potential, Entrepreneurial Intentions and Envy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edit Terek


    Full Text Available This paper presents the results of research about the impact of envy on enterprise potential and entrepreneurial intentions. The research was conducted in Serbia and the respondents were students from 5 faculties, from the first to the fifth year of study. The results were gained by statistical analysis of the gathered information (380 completed questionnaires. Descriptive, correlation and regression analysis are the methods of statistical analysis that were used. From the dimensions of enterprise potential, the highest average value has the dimension Creativity, while from the dimensions of entrepreneurial intentions, the highest average value has the dimension Subjective norm. Of all the observed dimensions, the lowest value has the Envy dimension. Between envy and dimensions of enterprise potential and dimensions of entrepreneurial intentions, there are a number of statistically significant negative correlations. This is more prevalent at the dimension of entrepreneurial intentions. Feelings of inferiority in relation to other people and the perception of having a boring or a bad life have an especially negative impact on entrepreneurial potential and intentions. Envy, which occurs due to the desire for more entertainment, travel, and due to the perception of the lack of fortune, also has a negative impact on entrepreneurial potential and intentions, but the influence is considerably weaker. There is a statistically significant predictive effect of certain items of envy on enterprise potential dimensions and entrepreneurial intentions dimensions. But this fact is not so strongly expressed. Some results suggest the possibility (however small that envy, in some circumstances, can mildly encourage entrepreneurial intention.

  15. Fixman compensating potential for general branched molecules

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jain, Abhinandan, E-mail: [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, 4800 Oak Grove Drive, Pasadena, California 91109 (United States); Kandel, Saugat; Wagner, Jeffrey; Larsen, Adrien; Vaidehi, Nagarajan, E-mail: [Division of Immunology, Beckman Research Institute of the City of Hope, Duarte, California 91010 (United States)


    The technique of constraining high frequency modes of molecular motion is an effective way to increase simulation time scale and improve conformational sampling in molecular dynamics simulations. However, it has been shown that constraints on higher frequency modes such as bond lengths and bond angles stiffen the molecular model, thereby introducing systematic biases in the statistical behavior of the simulations. Fixman proposed a compensating potential to remove such biases in the thermodynamic and kinetic properties calculated from dynamics simulations. Previous implementations of the Fixman potential have been limited to only short serial chain systems. In this paper, we present a spatial operator algebra based algorithm to calculate the Fixman potential and its gradient within constrained dynamics simulations for branched topology molecules of any size. Our numerical studies on molecules of increasing complexity validate our algorithm by demonstrating recovery of the dihedral angle probability distribution function for systems that range in complexity from serial chains to protein molecules. We observe that the Fixman compensating potential recovers the free energy surface of a serial chain polymer, thus annulling the biases caused by constraining the bond lengths and bond angles. The inclusion of Fixman potential entails only a modest increase in the computational cost in these simulations. We believe that this work represents the first instance where the Fixman potential has been used for general branched systems, and establishes the viability for its use in constrained dynamics simulations of proteins and other macromolecules.

  16. Membrane potential in multi-ionic mixtures. (United States)

    Lanteri, Y; Szymczyk, A; Fievet, P


    The membrane potential arising through charged porous membranes separating electrolyte mixtures at identical hydrostatic pressures but different concentrations was investigated theoretically by means of the steric, electric, and dielectric exclusion (SEDE) model. Transport phenomena were described through the Nernst-Planck formalism, while ion partitioning at the membrane/solution interfaces was accounted for by means of modified Donnan equations including steric and dielectric effects. The high concentration limit of the membrane potential depends on the mixture composition and the pore size as well. A specific feature of membrane potential in multi-ionic systems is the dependence at high concentration on the effective dielectric constant of the solution confined inside pores. Indeed, the effective dielectric constant inside pores does not affect the high concentration limit of the membrane potential in the case of single salt solutions. The low concentration limit of the membrane potential is independent of the mixture composition, the effective dielectric constant inside pores, and the pore radius, but it is ruled by counterions with the highest charge number. The membrane potential measured at high salt concentration with single salt solutions and electrolyte mixtures could be used to determine the pore size and the effective dielectric constant inside pores, respectively. This may constitute an alternative way for membrane characterization with the advantage of avoiding the need for additional rejection rate measurements.

  17. Constraints for the thawing and freezing potentials (United States)

    Hara, Tetsuya; Suzuki, Anna; Saka, Shogo; Tanigawa, Takuma


    We study the accelerating present universe in terms of the time evolution of the equation of state w(z) (redshift z) due to thawing and freezing scalar potentials in the quintessence model. The values of dw/da and d^2w/da^2 at a scale factor of a = 1 are associated with two parameters of each potential. For five types of scalar potentials, the scalar fields Q and w as functions of time t and/or z are numerically calculated under the fixed boundary condition of w(z=0)=-1+Δ. The observational constraint w_obs (Planck Collaboration, arXiv:1502.01590) is imposed to test whether the numerical w(z) is in w_obs. Some solutions show thawing features in the freezing potentials. Mutually exclusive allowed regions in the dw/da vs. d^2w/da^2 diagram are obtained in order to identify the likely scalar potential and even the potential parameters for future observational tests.

  18. Development of empirical potentials for amorphous silica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carre, A.


    Amorphous silica (SiO{sub 2}) is of great importance in geoscience and mineralogy as well as a raw material in glass industry. Its structure is characterized as a disordered continuous network of SiO{sub 4} tetrahedra. Many efforts have been undertaken to understand the microscopic properties of silica by classical molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. In this method the interatomic interactions are modeled by an effective potential that does not take explicitely into account the electronic degrees of freedom. In this work, we propose a new methodology to parameterize such a potential for silica using ab initio simulations, namely Car-Parrinello (CP) method [Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 2471 (1985)]. The new potential proposed is compared to the BKS potential [Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 1955 (1990)] that is considered as the benchmark potential for silica. First, CP simulations have been performed on a liquid silica sample at 3600 K. The structural features so obtained have been compared to the ones predicted by the classical BKS potential. Regarding the bond lengths the BKS tends to underestimate the Si-O bond whereas the Si-Si bond is overestimated. The inter-tetrahedral angular distribution functions are also not well described by the BKS potential. The corresponding mean value of the SiOSi angle is found to be {approx_equal} 147 , while the CP yields to a SiOSi angle centered around 135 . Our aim is to fit a classical Born-Mayer/Coulomb pair potential using ab initio calculations. To this end, we use the force-matching method proposed by Ercolessi and Adams [Europhys. Lett. 26, 583 (1994)]. The CP configurations and their corresponding interatomic forces have been considered for a least square fitting procedure. The classical MD simulations with the resulting potential have lead to a structure that is very different from the CP one. Therefore, a different fitting criterion based on the CP partial pair correlation functions was applied. Using this approach the resulting

  19. Screening action potentials: The power of light

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lars eKaestner


    Full Text Available Action potentials reflect the concerted activity of all electrogenic constituents in the plasma membrane during the excitation of a cell. Therefore, the action potential is an integrated readout and a promising parameter to detect electrophysiological failures or modifications thereof in diagnosis as well as in drug screens. Cellular action potentials can be recorded by optical approaches. To fulfill the pre-requirements to scale up for e.g. pharmacological screens the following preparatory work has to be provided: (i model cells under investigation need to represent target cells in the best possible manner; (ii optical sensors that can be either small molecule dyes or genetically encoded potential probes need to provide a reliable readout with minimal interaction with the naive behavior of the cells and (iii devices need to be capable to stimulate the cells, read out the signals with the appropriate speed as well as provide the capacity for a sufficient throughput. Here we discuss several scenarios for all three categories in the field of cardiac physiology and pharmacology and provide a perspective to use the power of light in screening cardiac action potentials.

  20. Potential targets for the treatment of preeclampsia. (United States)

    Oyston, Charlotte J; Stanley, Joanna L; Baker, Philip N


    Preeclampsia is a disorder of pregnancy, typically characterized by hypertension and proteinuria observed after the 20th week of gestation. Preeclampsia has dire consequences for both maternal and neonatal health: it is associated with 50,000 - 100,000 annual deaths globally, as well as serious fetal and neonatal morbidity and mortality, including increased risk of fetal growth restriction and still birth. Despite the severe health, social, and economic costs of preeclampsia, currently the only curative therapy is delivery of the baby and placenta, which itself carries the associated risks of premature birth. The lack of treatments for this condition is attributable to a number of causes, including but not limited to: a partial understanding of the complex pathophysiological mechanisms underlying this complex disease; an inability to sensitively predict women who will go on to develop the disease; and a paucity of robust animal models with which to test new treatments. Recently, progress has been made in identifying potential new therapeutic targets. This review will discuss in detail the evidence supporting further investigation of these targets, which include angiogenic factors, agents that increase vasodilation, anti-inflammatory drugs, substances that reduce oxidative stress, and statins. New therapeutic targets have the potential to make a significant positive impact on maternal and neonatal health. It is exciting that a number of potential therapies are currently being investigated; however, it is also vital that basic research continues to identify potential mechanisms and targets, and that any potential therapy is thoroughly tested before progression to clinical trial.

  1. Spacecraft potential control for Double Star

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Torkar


    Full Text Available The spacecraft potential of Double Star TC-1 is positive in large parts of the orbits due to the photo-effect from solar EUV irradiation. These positive potentials typically disturb low energy plasma measurements on board. The potential can be reduced, and thereby the particle measurements improved, by emitting a positive ion beam. This method has successfully been applied on several other spacecraft and it has also been chosen for TC-1. The instrument TC-1/ASPOC is a derivative of the Cluster/ASPOC instruments, from which it has inherited many features. The paper describes the adaptations and further developments made for the ion emitters and the electronics. The instrument performs very well and can support higher beam currents than on Cluster. The expected significant improvement of the low energy particle measurements on board was indeed observed. The modifications of the electron distributions are analysed for a one-time interval when the spacecraft was located in the magnetosheath. The change in the potential due to the ion beam was determined, and first studies of the 3-D electron distributions in response to the spacecraft potential control have been performed, which indicate that the method works as expected.

  2. Logistics potentials in business competitive advantage creation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafał Matwiejczuk


    Full Text Available Background: Companies constantly search for ways to achieve and sustain long-term competitive advantage. Among the factors influencing the competitive advantage creation there are so called logistics potentials, which constitute a component part of a business strategic potentials. Logistics resources, logistics capabilities and logistics competences are the main components of the logistics potentials structure and hierarchy. Methods: In order to recognize the logistics potentials which determine the competitive advantage creation one may use the assumptions and elements of contemporary management concepts, including strategic management. In particular the article deals with Resource-Based View (RBV, Dynamic Capabilities Concept (DCC and - first of all - Competence-Based Management (CBM. Results and conclusions: Several significant research projects have presented a wide scope and a large number of possibilities of logistics potentials (and logistics competences in particular influence on business competitive advantage creation. The article briefly presents the research results conducted by: (1 Michigan State University (USA, (2 European Logistics Association (ELA in cooperation with A.T. Kearney, (3 Computer Sciences Corporation and (4 Capgemini. The research results have pointed out to differentiated but at the same distinctive symptoms of logistics competences influence on competitive advantage creation. The article also refers to the results of the research carried out by the Chair of Logistics & Marketing at Opole University (Poland in companies operating in Poland. The research has been mainly dealing with the significance of logistics competences in competitive advantage creation.

  3. Perspective: Machine learning potentials for atomistic simulations (United States)

    Behler, Jörg


    Nowadays, computer simulations have become a standard tool in essentially all fields of chemistry, condensed matter physics, and materials science. In order to keep up with state-of-the-art experiments and the ever growing complexity of the investigated problems, there is a constantly increasing need for simulations of more realistic, i.e., larger, model systems with improved accuracy. In many cases, the availability of sufficiently efficient interatomic potentials providing reliable energies and forces has become a serious bottleneck for performing these simulations. To address this problem, currently a paradigm change is taking place in the development of interatomic potentials. Since the early days of computer simulations simplified potentials have been derived using physical approximations whenever the direct application of electronic structure methods has been too demanding. Recent advances in machine learning (ML) now offer an alternative approach for the representation of potential-energy surfaces by fitting large data sets from electronic structure calculations. In this perspective, the central ideas underlying these ML potentials, solved problems and remaining challenges are reviewed along with a discussion of their current applicability and limitations.

  4. Research of photoinduced potentials of pepper leaves

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. V. Chernetchenko


    Full Text Available Bioelectrical potentials of the plants during photostimulation with various intensity values and wave lengths are studied. Suchstimulation provides light-dependent reactions of photosynthesis. The universal scheme of registration of bioelectric potentials, which allowsto carry out the experimental study of light stimuli effect on the plant is proposed. All registrations of potentials are observed on the pepper leaves. Photoinduced stimuli are different with intensity changed from 150 to 450 lux and different spectrums of white light and red light with wave length 690 nm. Different parameters of stimuli drive to different types of biopotentials of the plant, quantitative and qualitative relationships of this process are obtained. It is also found that bioelectrical reaction of the leaves is quantitatively different in various spectral ranges of light, but the quality remains the same for all cases, as shown in the study of bioelectric responses during exposure to the light in red spectrum range. The explanation of the additional depolarization phase that occurs during the running of dark reparative process of photosynthesis is given. Light-dependent reactions of photosynthesis are accompanied by significant changes in the electrical potential of chloroplasts’ membrane. Besides, the dependence of bioelectrical reaction of the plant on different spectra of light is found. By this way, biophysical relation of plant potentials to the intracellular biophysical mechanisms during photo stimulation is obtained.


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sidorova E. A.


    Full Text Available In the modern global economy international integration associations are full subjects of it. However, the changing world is changing the integration inquiry: there is the transformation of the integration processes because of globalization. A key principle of the integration process is to accelerate the economic development of the system and its individual composes through the implementation of the integration potential. In this regard, the article researches the integration potential of BRICS (an informal association consists of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa as a significant subject of the world economy, including it analyzes trade flows of these countries using the index method. Moreover, it researches the investment potential of BRICS as the part of the integration potential. Finally, it focuses on the association institutionalization in the monetary sphere. Research has shown that the integration potential of BRICS opens new prospects for cooperation and development of the member countries. At the same time the creation of new financial institutions in the framework of the association (in particular, the New Development Bank and the Contingent Reserve Arrangement can help to strengthen the cooperation among the countries and to promote more representative global governance.

  6. Energy dependence of nonlocal optical potentials (United States)

    Lovell, A. E.; Bacq, P.-L.; Capel, P.; Nunes, F. M.; Titus, L. J.


    Recently, a variety of studies have shown the importance of including nonlocality in the description of reactions. The goal of this work is to revisit the phenomenological approach to determining nonlocal optical potentials from elastic scattering. We perform a χ2 analysis of neutron elastic scattering data off 40Ca, 90Zr, and 208Pb at energies E ≈5 -40 MeV, assuming a Perey and Buck [Nucl. Phys. 32, 353 (1962), 10.1016/0029-5582(62)90345-0] or Tian et al. [Int. J. Mod. Phys. E 24, 1550006 (2015), 10.1142/S0218301315500068] nonlocal form for the optical potential. We introduce energy and asymmetry dependencies in the imaginary part of the potential and refit the data to obtain a global parametrization. Independently of the starting point in the minimization procedure, an energy dependence in the imaginary depth is required for a good description of the data across the included energy range. We present two parametrizations, both of which represent an improvement over the original potentials for the fitted nuclei as well as for other nuclei not included in our fit. Our results show that, even when including the standard Gaussian nonlocality in optical potentials, a significant energy dependence is required to describe elastic-scattering data.

  7. Diagnostics of the Enterprise Export Potential

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Skrynkovskyy Ruslan M.


    Full Text Available The aim of the article is to form and develop theoretical and methodological foundations for diagnostics of the enterprise export potential, which should be understood as a process of identification, analysis and assessment of the level of potential possibility and readiness of the enterprise to implement export activities taking into account the impact of interrelated internal variables (goals, technology, structure, tasks, educational and professional potential of the staff and factors of the enterprise external environment (customers, competitors, suppliers, intermediaries, contact audience, etc. in order to ensure a qualitatively new level of its development and formation of its prospects. It is determined that the key business indicators of the system for diagnostics of enterprise export potential are: the level of enterprises competitiveness in the international (global market; the level of competitiveness of enterprise products; the level of competitiveness of enterprise export products; the level of enterprise resource opportunities; the level of enterprise export performance. Prospects for further research in this direction are to develop a classification (specifically detailed list of objectives of the enterprise diagnostics by the level of detail (element, partial, complex, taking into account diagnostics of export potential of the enterprise as part of diagnostic objective.

  8. Effects of non-Abelian gauge potentials

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jacob, Andreas; Santos, Luis [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Leibniz Universitaet, Hannover (Germany); Merkl, Michael; Zimmer, Frank; Oehberg, Patrik [SUPA, School of Engineering and Physical Sciences, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh (United Kingdom)


    Artificial electromagnetism may be created for neutral atoms, e.g. by rotating the gas. Other forms of inducing artificial electromagnetism are possible, including ways of generating non-Abelian vector potentials. In this talk, we first discuss simple laser setups that allow the creation of non-Abelian gauge potentials for atoms with a tripod level scheme. We comment on specific experimental implementations in e.g. {sup 4}He{sup *} and {sup 87}Rb. In particular we discuss a simple laser arrangement that generates a non-Abelian vector potential proportional to the Pauli matrices. This gauge potential induces a quasi-relativistic physics for cold gases similar to that in graphene, including the possibility of observation of metamaterial phenomena as Veselago lensing. We shall discuss in particular the effects of this gauge potential in the linear and nonlinear atom optics of condensates, including the possibility of creating regions of negative mass in the dispersion relation which allow for bright solitons in the presence of repulsive interactions.

  9. Electronic Quantum Confinement in Cylindrical Potential Well

    CERN Document Server

    Baltenkov, A S


    The effects of quantum confinement on the momentum distribution of electrons confined within a cylindrical potential well have been analyzed. The motivation is to understand specific features of the momentum distribution of electrons when the electron behavior is completely controlled by the parameters of a non-isotropic potential cavity. It is shown that studying the solutions of the wave equation for an electron confined in a cylindrical potential well offers the possibility to analyze the confinement behavior of an electron executing one- or two-dimensional motion in the three-dimensional space within the framework of the same mathematical model. Some low-lying electronic states with different symmetries have been considered and the corresponding wave functions have been calculated; the behavior of their nodes and their peak positions with respect to the parameters of the cylindrical well has been analyzed. Additionally, the momentum distributions of electrons in these states have been calculated. The limi...

  10. Boltzmann equation with double-well potentials (United States)

    Chiacchiera, Silvia; Macrı, Tommaso; Trombettoni, Andrea


    We study the dynamics of an interacting classical gas trapped in a double-well potential at finite temperature. Two model potentials are considered: a cubic box with a square barrier in the middle, and a harmonic trap with a Gaussian barrier along one direction. The study is performed using the Boltzmann equation, solved numerically via the test-particle method. We introduce and discuss a simple analytical model that allows one to provide estimates of the relaxation time, which are compared with numerical results. Finally, we use our findings to make numerical and analytical predictions for the case of a fermionic mixture in the normal-fluid phase in a realistic double-well potential relevant for experiments with cold atoms.

  11. Crystallization for a Brenner-like Potential (United States)

    Farmer, Brittan; Esedoǧlu, Selim; Smereka, Peter


    Graphene is a carbon molecule with the structure of a honeycomb lattice. We show how this structure can arise in two dimensions as the minimizer of an interaction energy with two-body and three-body terms. In the engineering literature, the Brenner potential is commonly used to describe the interactions between carbon atoms. We consider a potential of Stillinger-Weber type that incorporates certain characteristics of the Brenner potential: the preferred bond angles are 180° and all interactions have finite range. We show that the thermodynamic limit of the ground state energy per particle is the same as that of a honeycomb lattice. We also prove that, subject to periodic boundary conditions, the minimizers are translated versions of the honeycomb lattice.

  12. Resistive Ferroresonance Limiter for Potential Transformers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamid Radmanesh


    Full Text Available The ferroresonance or nonlinear resonance is a complex phenomenon, which may cause overvoltage in the electrical power system and endangers the system reliability and operation. The ability to predict the ferroresonance in the transformer depends on the accuracy of the transformer model used. In this paper, the effect of the new suggested ferroresonance limiter on the control of the chaotic ferroresonance and duration of chaotic transients in a potential transformer including nonlinear core losses is studied. To study the proposed ferroresonance limiter, a single phase 100 VA, 275 kV potential transformer is simulated. The magnetization characteristic of the potential transformer is modeled by a single-value two-term polynomial. The core losses are modeled by third order power series in terms of voltage and include core nonlinearities. The simulation results show that the ferroresonance limiter has a considerable effect on the ferroresonance overvoltage.

  13. Potentiometric Measurements of Semiconductor Nanocrystal Redox Potentials. (United States)

    Carroll, Gerard M; Brozek, Carl K; Hartstein, Kimberly H; Tsui, Emily Y; Gamelin, Daniel R


    A potentiometric method for measuring redox potentials of colloidal semiconductor nanocrystals (NCs) is described. Fermi levels of colloidal ZnO NCs are measured in situ during photodoping, allowing correlation of NC redox potentials and reduction levels. Excellent agreement is found between electrochemical and optical redox-indicator methods. Potentiometry is also reported for colloidal CdSe NCs, which show more negative conduction-band-edge potentials than in ZnO. This difference is highlighted by spontaneous electron transfer from reduced CdSe NCs to ZnO NCs in solution, with potentiometry providing a measure of the inter-NC electron-transfer driving force. Future applications of NC potentiometry are briefly discussed.

  14. Bioenergy Potential from Food Waste in California

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Breunig, Hanna M. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Energy Technologies Area; Jin, Ling [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Energy Technologies Area; Robinson, Alastair [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Energy Technologies Area; Scown, Corinne D. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Energy Technologies Area; Joint BioEnergy Inst. (JBEI), Emeryville, CA (United States)


    This paper presents the first detailed analysis of monthly food waste generation in California at a county level, and its potential contribution to the state's energy production. Scenarios that rely on excess capacity at existing anaerobic digester (AD) and solid biomass combustion facilities, and alternatives that allow for new facility construction, are developed and modeled. Potential monthly electricity generation from the conversion of gross food waste using a combination of AD and combustion varies from 420 to 700 MW, averaging 530 MW. At least 66% of gross high moisture solids and 23% of gross low moisture solids can be treated using existing county infrastructure, and this fraction increases to 99% of high moisture solids and 55% of low moisture solids if waste can be shipped anywhere within the state. Biogas flaring practices at AD facilities can reduce potential energy production by 10 to 40%.

  15. Potential priority pollutants in sewage sludge

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eriksson, Eva; Christensen, Nina; Schmidt, Jens Ejbye


    compounds (XOCs) present in the sludge. Application on land used for agriculture is, therefore, not socially acceptable in some countries, e.g., Sweden. In this study, literature reviews showed that 541 XOCs potentially could be present in sewage sludge due to their presence in e.g. construction materials......, pharmaceuticals, personal care products etc. 192 compounds have been quantified in sewage sludge, which indicate that, although many XOCs have been measured in sludge, there are potentially a vast number of compounds present that have not been analyzed for yet. In a hazard identification of the quantified...... assessing sludge quality. They were compared with European legislations and discussed in regard for pointing out the need for mitigation such as substitution. Furthermore, the potential need for implementation of sludge treatment trains in order to meet the society's needs was addressed....

  16. Electric potential microelectrode for studies of electrobiogeophysics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Damgaard, Lars Riis; Risgaard-Petersen, Nils; Nielsen, Lars Peter


    increase by approximately 2mV from the sediment-water interface to a depth of approximately 20mm, in accordance with the location and direction of the electric currents estimated from oxygen, pH, and H2S microprofiles. The EPM also captured emergence and decay of electric diffusion potentials......Spatially separated electron donors and acceptors in sediment can be exploited by the so-called “cable bacteria.” Electric potential microelectrodes (EPMs) were constructed to measure the electric fields that should appear when cable bacteria conduct electrons over centimeter distances. The EPMs...... were needle-shaped, shielded Ag/AgCl half-cells that were rendered insensitive to redox-active species in the environment. Tip diameters of 40 to 100 μm and signal resolution of approximately 10 μV were achieved. A test in marine sediments with active cable bacteria showed an electric potential...

  17. Offshore wind energy potential in China

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hong, Lixuan; Möller, Bernd


    This paper investigates available offshore wind energy resources in China’s exclusive economic zone (EEZ) with the aid of a Geographical Information System (GIS), which allows the influence of technical, spatial and economic constraints on offshore wind resources being reflected in a continuous...... space. Geospatial supply curves and spatial distribution of levelised production cost (LPC) are developed, which provide information on the available potential of offshore wind energy at or below a given cost, and its corresponding geographical locations. The GIS-based models also reflect the impacts...... of each spatial constraint as well as various scenarios of spatial constraints on marginal production costs of offshore wind energy. Furthermore, the impacts of differing Feed-in-tariff (FIT) standards on the economic potential are calculated. It confirms that economic potential of offshore wind energy...

  18. Functionalized carbon nanotubes for potential medicinal applications. (United States)

    Zhang, Yi; Bai, Yuhong; Yan, Bing


    Functionalized carbon nanotubes display unique properties that enable a variety of medicinal applications, including the diagnosis and treatment of cancer, infectious diseases and central nervous system disorders, and applications in tissue engineering. These potential applications are particularly encouraged by their ability to penetrate biological membranes and relatively low toxicity. High aspect ratio, unique optical property and the likeness as small molecule make carbon nanotubes an unusual allotrope of element carbon. After functionalization, carbon nanotubes display potentials for a variety of medicinal applications, including the diagnosis and treatment of cancer, infectious diseases and central nervous system disorders, and applications in tissue engineering. These potential applications are particularly encouraged by their ability to penetrate biological membranes and relatively low toxicity. (c) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  19. Electromagnetic fields from two potential fields (United States)

    Chauca, J.; Doria, R.; Soares, W.


    Maxwell electromagnetism is generalized through a model that includes N-potential fields in a same group. Anew rule for the photon field is defined from a fourth interpretation to the light invariance. It becomes a directive particle while others potential fields appears as circumstance particles. Its most primitive coupling is not more with electric charge but with the Noether systemic charge. Studying the case with two potential fields, one derives the corresponding granular and collective electromagnetic fields with antisymmetric and symmetric nature. As a first feature, differently from Maxwell equation such systemic photon field does not follow the expression inversely proportional to the distance. This work calculates the subsequent branch of elecromagnetic fields {→EI-→BI,→e-→b;ɛI,→ɛI,βIij,s,→s,sij}.

  20. Renormalization group flow of the Higgs potential (United States)

    Gies, Holger; Sondenheimer, René


    We summarize results for local and global properties of the effective potential for the Higgs boson obtained from the functional renormalization group, which allows one to describe the effective potential as a function of both scalar field amplitude and renormalization group scale. This sheds light onto the limitations of standard estimates which rely on the identification of the two scales and helps in clarifying the origin of a possible property of meta-stability of the Higgs potential. We demonstrate that the inclusion of higher-dimensional operators induced by an underlying theory at a high scale (GUT or Planck scale) can relax the conventional lower bound on the Higgs mass derived from the criterion of absolute stability. This article is part of the Theo Murphy meeting issue `Higgs cosmology'.

  1. Potential of Natural Ventilation in Shopping Centres

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Diederichsen, Alice; Friis, Kristina; Brohus, Henrik


    The indoor environmental quality (IEQ) is a fundamental requirement for a well performing shopping centre. This paper contains a pilot study of the potential of using hybrid ventilation (a combination of automatically controlled natural and mechanical ventilation - respectively NV and MV) in shop......The indoor environmental quality (IEQ) is a fundamental requirement for a well performing shopping centre. This paper contains a pilot study of the potential of using hybrid ventilation (a combination of automatically controlled natural and mechanical ventilation - respectively NV and MV......) in shopping centres with focus on both the achieved IEQ and energy consumptions for air movement. By thermal building simulations it is found that there exists an interesting potential for hybrid ventilation of shopping centres, which can lead to great savings in the electrical energy consumptions...

  2. Electrically tunable artificial gauge potential for polaritons (United States)

    Lim, Hyang-Tag; Togan, Emre; Kroner, Martin; Miguel-Sanchez, Javier; Imamoğlu, Atac


    Neutral particles subject to artificial gauge potentials can behave as charged particles in magnetic fields. This fascinating premise has led to demonstrations of one-way waveguides, topologically protected edge states and Landau levels for photons. In ultracold neutral atoms, effective gauge fields have allowed the emulation of matter under strong magnetic fields leading to realization of Harper-Hofstadter and Haldane models. Here we show that application of perpendicular electric and magnetic fields effects a tunable artificial gauge potential for two-dimensional microcavity exciton polaritons. For verification, we perform interferometric measurements of the associated phase accumulated during coherent polariton transport. Since the gauge potential originates from the magnetoelectric Stark effect, it can be realized for photons strongly coupled to excitations in any polarizable medium. Together with strong polariton-polariton interactions and engineered polariton lattices, artificial gauge fields could play a key role in investigation of non-equilibrium dynamics of strongly correlated photons.

  3. Next generation interatomic potentials for condensed systems (United States)

    Handley, Christopher Michael; Behler, Jörg


    The computer simulation of condensed systems is a challenging task. While electronic structure methods like density-functional theory (DFT) usually provide a good compromise between accuracy and efficiency, they are computationally very demanding and thus applicable only to systems containing up to a few hundred atoms. Unfortunately, many interesting problems require simulations to be performed on much larger systems involving thousands of atoms or more. Consequently, more efficient methods are urgently needed, and a lot of effort has been spent on the development of a large variety of potentials enabling simulations with significantly extended time and length scales. Most commonly, these potentials are based on physically motivated functional forms and thus perform very well for the applications they have been designed for. On the other hand, they are often highly system-specific and thus cannot easily be transferred from one system to another. Moreover, their numerical accuracy is restricted by the intrinsic limitations of the imposed functional forms. In recent years, several novel types of potentials have emerged, which are not based on physical considerations. Instead, they aim to reproduce a set of reference electronic structure data as accurately as possible by using very general and flexible functional forms. In this review we will survey a number of these methods. While they differ in the choice of the employed mathematical functions, they all have in common that they provide high-quality potential-energy surfaces, while the efficiency is comparable to conventional empirical potentials. It has been demonstrated that in many cases these potentials now offer a very interesting new approach to study complex systems with hitherto unreached accuracy.

  4. The Lambert-W step-potential - an exactly solvable confluent hypergeometric potential (United States)

    Ishkhanyan, A. M.


    We present an asymmetric step-barrier potential for which the one-dimensional stationary Schrödinger equation is exactly solved in terms of the confluent hypergeometric functions. The potential is given in terms of the Lambert W-function, which is an implicitly elementary function also known as the product logarithm. We present the general solution of the problem and consider the quantum reflection at transmission of a particle above this potential barrier. Compared with the abrupt-step and hyperbolic tangent potentials, which are reproduced by the Lambert potential in certain parameter and/or variable variation regions, the reflection coefficient is smaller because of the lesser steepness of the potential on the particle incidence side. Presenting the derivation of the Lambert potential we show that this is a four-parametric sub-potential of a more general five-parametric one also solvable in terms of the confluent hypergeometric functions. The latter potential, however, is a conditionally integrable one. Finally, we show that there exists one more potential the solution for which is written in terms of the derivative of a bi-confluent Heun function.

  5. Pigmy resonances, transfer, and separable potentials (United States)

    Bertulani, C. A.; Kadyrov, A. S.; Kruppa, A.; Hao, T. V. Nhan; Mukhamedzhanov, A. M.; Shubhchintak


    In this contribution we make a short review of recent progress on topics of current interest in nuclear physics and nuclear astrophysics. In particular, we discuss a re-analysis of the extraction of the dipole response of the pigmy resonance in 68Ni based on a continuum discretized coupled-channels calculation in relativistic Coulomb excitation experiments. We also discuss the forthcoming progresses made by our group on the Alt-Sandhas-Grassberber approach to (d,p) reactions and future expectations. The role of separable potentials in solving such equations with a test case based on applications of such potentials to phase-shift analysis is also presented.

  6. Learning potentials of the ubiquitous internet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dalsgaard, Christian; Pedersen, Nicholai Friis; Aaen, Janus Holst

    The aim of this paper is to identify the key learning potentials of the ubiquitous internet. Rather than focusing on mobile technology or the mobility of the learner, the paper emphasises the ubiquity of internet access as a paramount catalyst for new learning in the digital age. From...... a sociocultural perspective the paper discusses different ways in which the use of mobile devices can extend and augment the context of the learner. The learning potentials of the ubiquitous internet relate to the opportunities to extend the context of the learner on three levels: 1) personalisation...

  7. Semiempirical potentials for positron scattering by atoms

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Assafrao, Denise; Walters, H. R. J.; Arretche, Felipe; Dutra, Adriano; Mohallem, J. R. [Departamento de Fisica, Universidade Federal do Espirito Santo, 29075-910, Vitoria, ES (Brazil); Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics, Queen' s University, Belfast, BT7 1NN (United Kingdom); Departamento de Fisica, Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina, 89223-100, Joinville, SC (Brazil); Laboratorio de Atomos e Moleculas Especiais, Departamento de Fisica, ICEx, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, PO Box 702, 30123-970, Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil)


    We report calculations of differential and integral cross sections for positron scattering by noble gas and alkaline-earth atoms within the same methodology. The scattering potentials are constructed by scaling adiabatic potentials so that their minima coincide with the covalent radii of the target atoms. Elastic differential and integral cross sections are calculated for Ne, Ar, Be, and Mg, and the results are very close to experimental and best theoretical data. Particularly, elastic differential cross sections for Be and Mg at low energies are reported.

  8. Potentials for Heat Savings in Greater Copenhagen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørgaard, Jørgen; Karlsson, Kenneth


    This report describes methodologies for analysing heat saving potentials. The background for the lack of activities in that field is suggested. Various elements of heat savings are described, including changes in daily behaviour and life styles. Definition of various levels of potentials...... are suggested. Two scenarios for future heat savings are established, deviating in the rates of renovation, demolition, and construction of buildings, as well as in the thermal insulation standards, ventilation systems ,and in the daily behaviour. The results are that compared to the base year 1995, heat...

  9. Memory erasure using time-multiplexed potentials (United States)

    Talukdar, Saurav; Bhaban, Shreyas; Salapaka, Murti V.


    We study the thermodynamics of a Brownian particle under the influence of a time-multiplexed harmonic potential of finite width. The memory storage mechanism and the erasure protocol based on time-multiplexed potentials are utilized to experimentally realize erasure with work performed close to Landauer's bound. We quantify the work performed on the system with respect to the duty ratio of time multiplexing, which also provides a handle for approaching reversible erasures. A Langevin dynamics based simulation model is developed for the proposed memory bit and the erasure protocol, which guides the experimental realization. The study also provides insight into transport on the microscale.

  10. Analytic extension of the nuclear algebraic potential

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lichtenthaeler, R. (Departamento de Fisica Nuclear, Laboratorio do Pelletron, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Caixa Postal 20516, 01452-990 Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo (Brazil)); Gomes, L.C. (Grupo de Fisica Nuclear Teorica e Fenomenologia de Particulas Elementares Instituto de Fisica Universidade de Sao Paulo, Caixa Postal 20516, 01498-970 Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo (Brazil))


    An analytic extension of the nuclear algebraic potential in the complex energy and angular momentum planes is discussed and an approximation for the algebraic potential in agreement with the known analytic properties of the [ital S]-matrix is proposed. The invariance of the energy spectrum of the Coulomb part of the interaction is established. The results are applied to the Regge pole analysis of the [sup 12]C+[sup 24]Mg elastic collision at [ital E][sub [ital l][ital a][ital b

  11. Report list Arizona's oil, gas potential (United States)

    Rauzi, S.L.


    This article is a summary of Arizona geological survey circular 29, which addresses the petroleum geology of Arizona, USA. Eight areas have been identified with fair to excellent oil and gas potential, and some Tertiary basins have evidence of source or reservoir rocks. The following are considered here: production history, lands status and services, regulation and permitting, petroleum geology, hydrocarbon indications, and areas with hydrocarbon potential and their petroleum geology and characteristics. The full report contains detailed figures of each of these basin areas, a descriptive tabulation of seeps and petroliferous rocks and extensive references.

  12. Therapeutic potential of cannabis-related drugs. (United States)

    Alexander, Stephen P H


    In this review, I will consider the dual nature of Cannabis and cannabinoids. The duality arises from the potential and actuality of cannabinoids in the laboratory and clinic and the 'abuse' of Cannabis outside the clinic. The therapeutic areas currently best associated with exploitation of Cannabis-related medicines include pain, epilepsy, feeding disorders, multiple sclerosis and glaucoma. As with every other medicinal drug of course, the 'trick' will be to maximise the benefit and minimise the cost. After millennia of proximity and exploitation of the Cannabis plant, we are still playing catch up with an understanding of its potential influence for medicinal benefit. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. Jost-functions and attractive singular potentials

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arnecke, Florian; Madronero, Javier; Friedrich, Harald [Physik Department T30a, Technische Universitaet Muenchen, D-85747 Garching (Germany)


    We use Jost-functions to determine the leading and next-to-leading terms of the phase shifts {delta}{sub l}(k) in the case of homogeneous attractive singular potentials -1/r{sup {alpha}}, {alpha}>2, for arbitrary angular momentum l with incoming boundary conditions at small distances. The Jost-solutions are obtained by solving a Volterra-equation and a more general ansatz is used to fit the Jost-solutions to the WKB-waves in the inner region, where the WKB-approximation is accurate. A connection between the phase shifts of attractive and repulsive homogeneous singular potentials is presented.

  14. Potential profile in a conducting polymer strip

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bay, Lasse; West, Keld; Vlachopoulos, Nikolaos


    and complicate measurements on free-standing films. A model of the potential profile in a free-standing strip is derived. It is found that the active length (the length with a given potential change) of the polymer will scale as square root (d sigma /i/sub d/). (d is the thickness, sigma the conductivity...... of the film, and i/sub d/ the diffusion limited current density for oxygen reduction). The active length is typically of the order of millimeters. The model is compared with measurements on a strip of polypyrrole doped with dodecylbenzene sulfonate...

  15. Talent development – dealing with potentiality

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olesen, Jesper; Nielsen, Jens Christian; Søndergaard, Dorte Marie


    - and a talent development environment which, in their encounter, creates an affect that produces talent. Based on a case study on Jamie, a badminton player, we show that the combined talent/development assemblage is capable of maintaining a talent despite the fact that Jamie has a long-term injury...... and is completely unable to play badminton for long periods of time. We argue that talent development is a particular way of handling potentiality which, in the struggle to achieve the ultimate goal of excellence, results in a number of affects: it translates potential into a singular talent; it enables...

  16. Analysis of potential helicopter vibration reduction concepts (United States)

    Landgrebe, A. J.; Davis, M. W.


    Results of analytical investigations to develop, understand, and evaluate potential helicopter vibration reduction concepts are presented in the following areas: identification of the fundamental sources of vibratory loads, blade design for low vibration, application of design optimization techniques, active higher harmonic control, blade appended aeromechanical devices, and the prediction of vibratory airloads. Primary sources of vibration are identified for a selected four-bladed articulated rotor operating in high speed level flight. The application of analytical design procedures and optimization techniques are shown to have the potential for establishing reduced vibration blade designs through variations in blade mass and stiffness distributions, and chordwise center-of-gravity location.

  17. Family migration and relative earnings potentials

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Foged, Mette


    A unitarian model of family migration in which families may discount wives’ private gains is used to derive testable predictions regarding the type of couples that select into migrating. The empirical tests show that gender neutral family migration cannot be rejected against the alternative...... of husband centered migration. Couples are more likely to migrate if household earnings potential is disproportionally due to one partner, and families react equally strongly to a male and a female relative advantage in educational earnings potential. These results are driven by households with a strong...

  18. Transient receptor potential channels on sensory nerves. (United States)

    Eid, S R; Cortright, D N


    The somatosensory effects of natural products such as capsaicin, mustard oil, and menthol have been long recognized. Over the last decade, the identification of transient receptor potential (TRP) channels in primary sensory neurons as the targets for these agents has led to an explosion of research into the roles of "thermoTRPs" TRPV1, TRPV2, TRPV3, TRPV4, TRPA1, and TRPM8 in nociception. In concert, through the efforts of many industrial and academic teams, a number of agonists and antagonists of these channels have been discovered, paving the way for a better understanding of sensory biology and, potentially, for novel treatments for diseases.

  19. Extrapolating meaning from local field potential recordings. (United States)

    Harris Bozer, Amber L; Uhelski, Megan L; Li, Ai-Ling


    Local field potentials (LFP) reflect the spatially weighted low-frequency activity nearest to a recording electrode. LFP recording is a window to a wide range of cellular activities and has gained increasing attention over recent years. We here review major conceptual issues related to LFP with the goal of creating a resource for non-experts considering implementing LFP into their research. We discuss the cellular activity that constitutes the local field potential; recording techniques, including recommendations and limitations; approaches to analysis of LFP data (with focus on power-banded analyses); and finally we discuss reports of the successful use of LFP in clinical applications.

  20. Path planning using optically computed potential fields (United States)

    Reid, Max B.


    An algorithm for the optical computation of potential field maps suitable for mobile robot navigation is described and experimentally produced maps and paths are presented. The parallel analog optical computation employs a two-dimensional spatial light modulator on which an image of the potential field map is generated. Optically calculated fields contain no local minima, tend to produce paths centered in gaps between obstacles, and produce paths which give preference to wide gaps. Calculation of 128 x 128 pixel fields at a few hertz are possible with current technology, and calculation time vs. map size scales favorably in comparison to digital electronic computation.

  1. Characteristics of potential successful emerging commercial cotton ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Characteristics of potential successful emerging commercial cotton farmers. ... This paper describes a typology of sample households in terms of their farming ... The realistic description of the various socio-economic groupings can facilitate the design of the support system based on the needs and aspiration of such groups.


    African Journals Online (AJOL)


    THEIR POTENTIAL SEMISYNTHESES FROM CASHEW NUT SHELL LIQUID. Stephen JM Mdachi. Chemistry ... structural features present in phenolic constituents of Cashew Nut Shell Liquid (CNSL) and, thus, inspire researchers to undertake ..... obtuse, a Pathogen of Black Dead. Arm Disease of Grapevine. Eur. J.

  3. Maximum potential preventive effect of hip protectors

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Schoor, N.M.; Smit, J.H.; Bouter, L.M.; Veenings, B.; Asma, G.B.; Lips, P.T.A.M.


    OBJECTIVES: To estimate the maximum potential preventive effect of hip protectors in older persons living in the community or homes for the elderly. DESIGN: Observational cohort study. SETTING: Emergency departments in the Netherlands. PARTICIPANTS: Hip fracture patients aged 70 and older who

  4. Mineralogical, Geochemical, Physical And Industrial Potentials Of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    %) and shrinkage limit (8.30 – 8.70%) as well as low vitrification. The shale is also characterized by high loss on ignition (16.8%). Keywords: mineralogy, chemical, physical, industrial potential, shale. Journal of Mining and Geology Vol.

  5. Analyzing animal movement patterns using potential functions (United States)

    H. K. Preisler; A. A. Ager; M. J. Wisdom


    The advent of GPS technology has made it possible to study human-wildlife interactions on large landscapes and quantify behavioral responses to recreation and other anthropogenic disturbances at increasingly fine scales. Of particular interest are the potential impacts on habitat use patterns, energetics, and cascading impacts on fecundity and other life history traits...

  6. Mineral potential mapping with mathematical geological models

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Porwal, A.K.


    Mathematical geological models are being increasingly used by natural resources delineation and planning agencies for mapping areas of mineral potential in order to optimize land use in accordance with socio-economic needs of the society. However, a key problem in spatial-mathematical-model-based

  7. Mung Bean: Technological and Nutritional Potential

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dahiya, P.K.; Linnemann, A.R.; Boekel, van M.A.J.S.; Khetarpaul, N.; Grewal, R.B.; Nout, M.J.R.


    Mung bean (Vigna radiata (L.) R.Wilczek) has been intensively researched; scattered data are available on various properties. Data on physical, chemical, food processing, and nutritional properties were collected for whole mung bean grains and reviewed to assess the crop’s potential as food and to

  8. Sampling and analysis of potential geothermal sites (United States)

    Sung, R.; Houser, G.; Strehier, D.; Scheyer, K.


    Information on the physical, chemical and radiochemical data of geothermal manifestations (wells and springs) in areas with the most probable potential for development was documented. The information can be used to evaluate control technologies and to ultimately establish emission/discharge standards for the emerging geothermal industry.


    African Journals Online (AJOL)


    Nov 3, 2012 ... Abstract. The objective of this study was to produce activated carbon from rubber seed pericarp and to evaluate its performance with commercial activated carbon in the treatment of abattoir wastewater as well as its potential in the adsorption of iron (III) ions from aqueous solution. The rubber seed pericarp ...

  10. Estimation of salinity power potential in India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Das, V.K.; RamaRaju, D.V.

    Salinity gradient as a source of energy has much potential, but this has been recognized only recently. The energy density of this source is equivalent to about 250 m water head for a salinity difference of 35 ppt. This source exists...

  11. Potential for solar water heating in Zimbabwe

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Batidzirai, B.|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/341355909; Lysen, E.H.|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/071394923; van Egmond, S.; van Sark, W.G.J.H.M.|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/074628526


    This paper discusses the economic, social and environmental benefits from using solar water heating (SWH) in Zimbabwe. By comparing different water heating technology usage in three sectors over a 25-year period, the potential of SWH is demonstrated in alleviating energy and economic problems that

  12. European biomass resource potential and costs

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Wit, M.P.; Faaij, A.P.C.


    The objective of this study is to assess the European (EU27+ and Ukraine) cost and supply potential for biomass resources. Three methodological steps can be distinguished (partly based on studies explained elsewhere in this volume) (i) an evaluation of the available ‘surplus’ land, (ii) a modeled

  13. Potentially novel Ehrlichia species in horses, Nicaragua. (United States)

    O'Nion, Victoria L; Montilla, Hernan J; Qurollo, Barbara A; Maggi, Ricardo G; Hegarty, Barbara C; Tornquist, Susan J; Breitschwerdt, Edward B


    Ehrlichia sp. DNA was amplified from 4 Ehrlichia-seroreactive horses from Mérida, Nicaragua. Sequencing of 16S rDNA, sodB, and groEL genes indicated that the bacterium is most likely a novel Ehrlichia species. The tick vector and the potential for canine and human infection remain unknown.

  14. Antimicrobial activities, toxinogenic potential and sensitivity to ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)



    Aug 27, 2014 ... spoilage bacteria, yeasts and molds, toxinogenic potential and sensitivity to antibiotics of 26 Bacillus strains (11 Bacillus subtilis, .... parapsilosis CLIB214) and four molds (Mucor plumbeus. CBS129.41; Aspergillus niger ...... biofilms associated with silicone gastronomy tubes removed from pediatric patients.

  15. Consumer Attitudes, Market Potential and Microbiological Analysis ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This study was conducted to explore consumers' attitudes and market potential for a fermented dairy product-kefir. It was also intended to produce experimental kefir and undertake nutritional, microbial, texture and viscosity analyses as well as sensory quality evaluation. In order to meet the objectives, a direct questionnaire ...

  16. Biological Potential of Chitinolytic Marine Bacteria

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Paulsen, Sara Skøtt; Andersen, Birgitte; Gram, Lone


    Chitinolytic microorganisms secrete a range of chitin modifying enzymes, which can be exploited for production of chitin derived products or as fungal or pest control agents. Here, we explored the potential of 11 marine bacteria (Pseudoalteromonadaceae, Vibrionaceae) for chitin degradation using...

  17. Antimicrobial susceptibilty of potentially pathogenic halophilic Vibrio ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Surveillance of antimicrobial resistance is indispensable for empirical treatment of infections and in preventing the spread of antimicrobial resistant microorganisms. This study is aimed at determining the antibiotic susceptibility of potentially pathogenic halophylic Vibrio species isolated in Lagos, Nigeria. Susceptibility ...

  18. Emotion Potentiated Startle in Fragile X Syndrome (United States)

    Ballinger, Elizabeth C.; Cordeiro, Lisa; Chavez, Alyssa D.; Hagerman, Randi J.; Hessl, David


    Social avoidance and anxiety are prevalent in fragile X syndrome (FXS) and are potentially mediated by the amygdala, a brain region critical for social behavior. Unfortunately, functional brain resonance imaging investigation of the amygdala in FXS is limited by the difficulties experienced by intellectually impaired and anxious participants. We…

  19. Deriving relativistic Bohmian quantum potential using variational ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ever, this postulate (locality) breaks down and opens new windows for understanding our. Universe. 2.2 Relativistic quantum potential for a spinless particle. Following Bohm, we substitute the polar form of the wave function into the Klein–Gordon equation to derive the quantum mechanical Hamilton–Jacobi equation for a ...

  20. Protectant, insecticidal and antimicrobial potentials of Dalbergia ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)



    Dec 1, 2009 ... 2Department of Biological Sciences, University of Abuja, Gwagwalada, Abuja, Nigeria. Accepted 30 October, 2009. The protectant, insecticidal and ... properties demonstrate the great potentials of D. saxatilis for use in agriculture and medicine. The relevance of bioassay-guided fractionation in ensuring ...

  1. Diamagnetism of quantum gases with singular potentials

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Briet, Philippe; Cornean, Horia; Savoie, Baptiste


    We consider a gas of quasi-free quantum particles confined to a finite box, subjected to singular magnetic and electric fields. We prove in great generality that the finite volume grand-canonical pressure is analytic with respect to the chemical potential and the intensity of the external magneti...

  2. Opportunity potential matrix for Atlantic Canadians (United States)

    Greg Danchuk; Ed Thomson


    Opportunity for provision of Parks Service benefit to Atlantic Canadians was investigated by mapping travel behaviour into a matrix in terms of origin, season, purpose, distance, time, and destination. Findings identified potential for benefit in several activity areas, particularly within residents' own province.


    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Preferred Customer

    ABSTRACT: The objective of the present study was to evaluate the potential use of water hyacinth for the removal of chromium (Cr) from tannery wastewater. This experiment was performed using healthy, young and acclimatized water hyacinth collected from unpolluted Awash. River. Cr concentrations of 3, 5, 7, 10 and 20 ...

  4. Geomorphological Potential of Coelacanth Habitat across ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The coelacanth is a new fish in Tanzania. It was first discovered in September 2003 after it was spotted by a tourist in a fish market. It was caught by fishermen in the deep waters off Songo Mnara Island offshore of Kilwa Masoko Town in Southern Tanzania. The find potentially added southern Tanzania to the list of known ...

  5. Modeling the Clarification Potential of Instructions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Benotti, Luciana; Blackburn, Patrick Rowan


    We hypothesize that conversational implicatures are a rich source of clarification requests, and in this paper we do two things. First, we motivate the hypothesis in theoretical, practical and empirical terms and formulate it as a concrete Clarification Potential Principle: implicatures may becom...

  6. (ajst) the potential for gold mineralisation

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Both quartz vein-hosted and Banded Iron Formation (BIF)-hosted gold deposits occur in Busia district. The results of ... The Potential for Gold Mineralisation in the Greenstone Belt of Busia District, South Eastern Uganda. 117. Figure 1: Map of ...... recovery techniques and so needs to be quantified in order to determine the ...

  7. Potentials of Information and Communication Technologies for ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The paper examined the potentials and benefits of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) as a means of enhancing food security and alleviating poverty in Nigeria. Access to information and improved communication is a crucial requirement for sustainable development. The paper describes how ICTs could ...


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. A. Abakarova


    Full Text Available For the first time an analysis of bioecological potential bee in their areas of settlement in the territory of Dagestan is made. Designed a scientifically sound system of measures for the conservation and restoration of biological diversity of bees in the Republic of Dagestan.

  9. Energy transfer in scattering by rotating potentials

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    R. Narasimhan (Krishtel eMaging) 1461 1996 Oct 15 13:05:22

    subspace of asymptotically free scattering states. 3. Evolution in a rotating frame. Here we study the time evolution in a rotating frame for potentials which no longer have to be smooth. This transformation yields an explicit formula for the propagator U(t,s) in terms of the unitary group for some time-independent generator.

  10. The antibacterial potentials of Nauclea latifolia

    African Journals Online (AJOL)



    May 16, 2008 ... Key words: Antimicrobial potentials, Nauclea latifolia, bacterial pathogens, Nigeria. ... Bacterial and fungal pathogens have evolved numerous defense ..... 61: 280-281. Maduabunyi II (1995). Anti – hepatoxic and Trypanocidal activities of the Ethanolic Extract of Nauclea latifolia Root Bark. J. Herbs Spices.

  11. Fishery potential of the Gulf of Kachchh

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Nair, V.R.; Govindan, K.; Ramaiah, Neelam; Gajbhiye, S.N.

    Fishery potential of the interior Gulf of Kachchh and adjacent creek regions was reported for the first time as baseline data for future ecological assessment. The experimental trawling and gill netting indicated that the inner Gulf (av. 7.8 kg...

  12. Developing Human Resources through Actualizing Human Potential (United States)

    Clarken, Rodney H.


    The key to human resource development is in actualizing individual and collective thinking, feeling and choosing potentials related to our minds, hearts and wills respectively. These capacities and faculties must be balanced and regulated according to the standards of truth, love and justice for individual, community and institutional development,…

  13. Ampicillin potentials as Corrosion Inhibitor: fukui function ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Inhibition and adsorption potentials of ampicillin for the corrosion of mild steel in solutions of HCl have been investigated using empirical and computational approach. The experimental study was carried out using gravimetric and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy methods of monitoring corrosion while the ...

  14. determination of vectorial potential of mansonia species

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    East African Medical Journal Vol. 88 No. 10 October 2011. DETERMINATION OF VECTORIAL POTENTIAL OF MANSONIASPECIES IN THE TRANSMISSION OF WUCHERERIA. BANCROFT IN TANA-DELTA DISTRICT, COAST-KENYA. N. M. Kinyatta, Centre for Biotechnology Research and Development, Kenya Medical ...

  15. Introducing the Action Potential to Psychology Students (United States)

    Simon-Dack, Stephanie L.


    For this simple active learning technique for teaching, students are assigned "roles" and act out the process of the action potential (AP), including the firing threshold, ion-specific channels for ions to enter and leave the cell, diffusion, and the refractory period. Pre-post test results indicated that students demonstrated increased…

  16. Computer Simulation of the Neuronal Action Potential. (United States)

    Solomon, Paul R.; And Others


    A series of computer simulations of the neuronal resting and action potentials are described. Discusses the use of simulations to overcome the difficulties of traditional instruction, such as blackboard illustration, which can only illustrate these events at one point in time. Describes systems requirements necessary to run the simulations.…

  17. Geothermal Energy Potential in Western United States (United States)

    Pryde, Philip R.


    Reviews types of geothermal energy sources in the western states, including hot brine systems and dry steam systems. Conversion to electrical energy is a major potential use of geothermal energy, although it creates environmental disruptions such as noise, corrosion, and scaling of equipment. (AV)

  18. Bacteriocinogenic potential and genotypic characterization of three ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The detection of bacteriocinogenic potential of Enterococcus sp. isolates from Algerian raw milk coded LO4 and LO12 and from traditional butter coded BRO2 was carried on M17 buffered medium. PCR amplification of Enterococcus sp. DNA using specific enterococcal primers gave 733 bp fragments. The phylogenetic ...

  19. Antigenotoxic and anticlastogenic potential of Agaricus bisporus ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The aim of the present study is to evaluate, for the first time, antigenotoxic potential of Agaricus bisporus against methyl methanesulphonate induced toxicity in human lymphocyte culture in vitro and in bone marrow cells of albino mice in vivo. The parameters studied included total aberrant cells and the frequencies of ...

  20. Development of Creative Potential of Cinema Tourism (United States)

    Dzhandzhugazova, Elena A.; Ilinaa, Elena L.; Latkin, Aleksander N.; Koshelevava, Anna I.


    The relevance of the problem indicated in the article is caused by the fact that under current conditions it is necessary to offer high-quality and demanded tourist products, formed at the combination of various industries on the basis of wide application of creative potential of different industries, including tourism and cinema, a harmonious…

  1. Factors influencing income generating potentials amongst cashew ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The study identified the income generating potentials of cashew fruits and attitude of farmers towards adding value to cashew in Ogbomoso, Oyo state, Nigeria. A structured interview schedule was designed to elicit information on selected personal characteristics, level of income generated from cashew fruits, sources of ...

  2. Liquefaction potential mapping for San Francisco

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kavazanjian, E.; Echezuria, H.; Roth, R.A.


    The potential of saturated deposits of cohesionless soil in downtown San Francisco to experience initial liquefaction due to seismically induced pore pressure is evaluated. Initial liquefaction, or the zero effective stress state, is used as the index of liquefaction potential because it provides the best available index for damage due to seismically induced pore pressures. Liquefaction potential is evaluated by comparing the conditional probability of liquefaction, or liquefaction susceptibility, to the expected intensity of seismic loading, or liquefaction opportunity. The probabilistic evaluation is made using a liquefaction hazard model developed by Chameau. Assuming the water table to be at the ground surface, results indicate that while no liquefaction is expected anywhere for an intensity with an annual probability of exceedance of 0.05, only the most resistant deposits will survive an event with an annual probability of exceedance of 0.02. For an event with an annual probability of exceedance of 0.01, initial liquefaction is expected to occur within all saturated, cohesionless soil deposits in the downtown San Francisco area. It must be emphasized that in dense soil deposits the consequences of initial liquefaction may be minimal because of their limited shear strain potential.

  3. Forecasting the potential of Danish biogas production

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bojesen, Mikkel; Skov-Petersen, Hans; Gylling, Morten

    , except for those farms which are in the largest state class. Regional differences in development trends were documented. The strategic objective of the model is to provide data for the spatial assessment of the potential of biogas production which can form the basis for a location analysis for future...... biogas plants....

  4. Projections of precipitation, air temperature and potential ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The potential evapotranspiration has an increasing trend and exceeds the precipitation in the months of June to September. Climate projections indicate trend towards a warmer and wetter climate. Increases in mean temperature are projected under all models and scenarios, while all models also indicate increases in ...

  5. Potential theory and the Lorenz condition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Appel-Hansen, Jørgen


    When potentials are used to calculate the electromagnetic field intensities choices may be made. The present study is carried out in order to outline the various possibilities. It looks like the types of choices and their number depend on the actual situation and the preferences of the researcher...

  6. Marketing potential of advanced breeding clones (United States)

    The accumulation of reducing sugars during cold storage of potato tubers is a serious and costly problem for producers and processors. The degree to which cultivars accumulate reducing sugars during storage determines their processing and market potential. Cultivars or advanced breeding lines with...

  7. Maximizing Learning Potential in the Communicative Classroom. (United States)

    Kumaravadivelu, B.


    A classroom observational study is presented to assess whether a macrostrategies framework will help communicative language teaching teachers to maximize learner potential in the classroom. Analysis of two classroom episodes revealed that one episode was evidently more communicative than the other. (seven references) (VWL)

  8. Phylogenetic Distribution of Potential Cellulases in Bacteria (United States)

    Berlemont, Renaud


    Many microorganisms contain cellulases that are important for plant cell wall degradation and overall soil ecosystem functioning. At present, we have extensive biochemical knowledge of cellulases but little is known about the phylogenetic distribution of these enzymes. To address this, we analyzed the distribution of 21,985 genes encoding proteins related to cellulose utilization in 5,123 sequenced bacterial genomes. First, we identified the distribution of glycoside hydrolases involved in cellulose utilization and synthesis at different taxonomic levels, from the phylum to the strain. Cellulose degradation/utilization capabilities appeared in nearly all major groups and resulted in strains displaying various enzyme gene combinations. Potential cellulose degraders, having both cellulases and β-glucosidases, constituted 24% of all genomes whereas potential opportunistic strains, having β-glucosidases only, accounted for 56%. Finally, 20% of the bacteria have no relevant enzymes and do not rely on cellulose utilization. The latter group was primarily connected to specific bacterial lifestyles like autotrophy and parasitism. Cellulose degraders, as well as opportunists, have multiple enzymes with similar functions. However, the potential degraders systematically harbor about twice more β-glucosidases than their potential opportunistic relatives. Although scattered, the distribution of functional types, in bacterial lineages, is not random but mostly follows a Brownian motion evolution model. Degraders form clusters of relatives at the species level, whereas opportunists are clustered at the genus level. This information can form a mechanistic basis for the linking of changes in microbial community composition to soil ecosystem processes. PMID:23263967

  9. Evaluation of phytoremediation potential of Peltophorum pterocarpum

    African Journals Online (AJOL)


    Full-text Available Online at and Evaluation of phytoremediation potential .... analytical grade and were purchased and obtained from Welly International Company Nigeria. (Scientific/Hospital and ..... exposition to pollutants. This might be related to plant age and time of pollutant exposure ...

  10. Phytotherapeutic potentials and biochemical study of Nypa ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The phytochemical evaluation in order to elucidate the phytotherapeutic potentials of Nypa fructicans (Nypa palm) using ethanolic extracts of the leaf, stem, root and fruit revealed the presence of tannins, flavonoids, saponins, terpenes, anthraquinones, alkaloids, cardiac and cyanogenic glycosides in each of the plants ...

  11. Profile, antioxidant potential, and applicability of phenolic ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ) of Spirulina platensis and assesses their antioxidant potential, applying them as a natural conservative in minimally processed apples. The phenolic extract showed 396 &µg g-1 gallic acid, 347 µg g-1 of caffeic acid, 54 µg g-1 salicylic acid ...

  12. Antioxidant and hepatoprotective potentials of Bauhinia variegata ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Iron accumulation in the liver is customary in pathological conditions associated with oxidative stress. Iron is also an essential element for organisms at its physiological levels. This study was aimed at investigating the antioxidant and hepatoprotective potential of acetone and methanol defatted seed extracts of ...

  13. Tomato: Potentials for Alternative Source of Economic ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper is a study of the potentials of tomato production as a viable source of economic empowerment. An empirical survey was undertaken through oral interviews in Kano to identify farmers' revenues, and agricultural development thereby assessing the connection between tomato production and economic reliance.

  14. Measuring galaxy potentials using shell kinematics

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Merrifield, MR; Kuijken, K


    We show that the kinematics of the shells seen around some elliptical galaxies provide a new, independent means for measuring the gravitational potentials of elliptical galaxies out to large radii. A numerical simulation of a set of shells formed in the merger between an elliptical and a smaller

  15. Investigating the sourdough potential for enhance microbiological ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In this study, potential effects of sourdough on microbiological shelf life and roasty aroma of traditional Lavash bread were studied. For investigating the biopreservation effect of sourdough, after intentional contamination of flour with hygiene indicator microorganisms that cause mouldiness and ropiness, survival curves of ...

  16. Inflammatory bowel disease: potential therapeutic strategies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, O H; Vainer, B; Bregenholt, S


    This review deals with potential and possibly primary therapeutics that, through insight into the inflammatory cascade, result in more rational treatment principles replacing the classical therapy of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), i.e. Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC). These ne...

  17. Potentially fatal tricuspid valve aspergilloma detected after ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Potentially fatal tricuspid valve aspergilloma detected after laparoscopic abdominal surgery. ... Aspergillus endocarditis is usually associated with high morbidity and mortality. ... The patient was successfully managed with emergency open-heart surgery and systemic antifungal agents in the postoperative period. Keywords: ...

  18. Bioremediation potential of Lentinus subnudus in decontaminating ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The aim of this work was to study the efficacy of using a white-rot fungi Lentinus subnudus to treat crude oil polluted soil by employing its biodegradation and bioaccumulation potentials. The polluted soil was amended with plantain peels and treated with spawns of Lentinus subnudus for 180 days. The physicochemical ...

  19. Measuring Leadership Potential. ERIC Digest, Number 115. (United States)

    Lashway, Larry

    Today there are dozens of instruments that claim to measure leadership capacities. Although every instrument has limitations and must be used carefully, the tests can be used to identify leadership potential. This digest summarizes the reasons for using formal assessments, the attributes measured by such tests, the ways in which leadership…

  20. Toxic Potential of Carcinogenic Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)


    Toxic Potential of Carcinogenic Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (cPAHs) and Heavy. Metal in Crude Oil from Gokana Area, Rivers State, Nigeria. *1. IWUOHA, G;. 1. ORUBITE, O;. 1. OKITE I. 1Department of Pure and Industrial Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences, University of Port Harcourt. ABSTRACT: This article is focused ...

  1. Towards a standardization of biomethane potential tests

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holliger, C.; Alves, M.; Andrade, D.


    Production of biogas fromdifferent organic materials is a most interesting source of renewable energy. The biomethane potential (BMP) of these materials has to be determined to get insight in design parameters for anaerobic digesters. Although several norms and guidelines for BMP tests exist...

  2. Energy from streaming current and potential

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Olthuis, Wouter; Schippers, Bob; Eijkel, Jan C.T.; van den Berg, Albert


    It is investigated how much energy can be delivered by a streaming current source. A streaming current and subsequent streaming potential originate when double layer charge is transported by hydrodynamic flow. Theory and a network model of such a source is presented and initial experimental results

  3. Environmentally dependent bond-order potentials: New ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Firstly, we have found that a simple pair potential is unsuitable for describing the environmental screening effects due to the and orbital overlap repulsion in transition metal alloys and therefore the inability to reproduce the negative Cauchy pressures exhibiting in strong covalent systems. By adding the environmental ...

  4. Mathematical potential of special education students

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Peltenburg, M.C.


    This PhD research was aimed at investigating the mathematical potential of special education (SE) students. SE students often have a severe delay in their mathematical development compared to peers in regular education. However, there are indications that SE students could attain more and that there

  5. El Dorado; An old field with potential

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ramondetta, P.J. (Oxy USA Inc., Oklahoma City, OK (US))


    The author presents a study of the El Dorado field. The study indicates that early wells were prematurely abandoned because of mechanical failure. Redrilling portions of the field is found to have significant potential for the Admire, Viola, Simpson, and Arbuckle pay zones. The ability to predict reserves in this field is assessed.

  6. [Potential radiation hazard in nuclear medicine]. (United States)

    Guilabert, Nadine; Ricard, Marcel; Chamoulaud, Karen; Mazelier, Carole; Schlumberger, Martin


    Nuclear medicine uses unsealed radioisotopes. The potential radiation hazards depend on the amount of radioactivity administered and the type of radionucleide. Thus, radiation safety instructions will minimize radiation exposure and contamination as low as reasonably achievable. National nuclear safety authority requires rules, regulations and exposure limits for both patients and workers. Good practices and training staff contribute to optimize the radioprotection.

  7. Potential male gametophyte competition among camellia sinensis ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Significant variation (P < 0.05) in pollen viability among the eight genotypes indicated a potential for male gametophyte competition. There was significant genotype by environment interaction and positive correlation between pollen viability and temperature. Pollen germination was, however, not affected by rainfall and ...

  8. Therapeutic potentials and pharmacological properties of Moringa ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Therapeutic potentials and pharmacological properties of Moringa oleifera Lam in the treatment of diabetes mellitus and related complications. ... DM is a metabolic disorder resulting from abnormal insulin secretion. This leads to chronic hyperglycemia with disturbances of carbohydrate metabolism. Hyperglycemic-induced ...

  9. Infection potential of vegetative incompatible Ganoderma boninense ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    LiP), manganese peroxidase (MnP) and laccase to degrade the lignin composition in plant cell walls. The present study aimed to evaluate the infection potential of vegetative incompatible isolates of G. boninense in causing Basal Stem Rot ...

  10. Screening of fungi for soil remediation potential (United States)

    Richard T. Lamar; Laura M. Main; Diane M. Dietrich; John A. Glaser


    The purpose of the present investigation was to determine if physiological and/or biochemical factors such as growth rate, tolerance to and ability to degrade PCP or creosote have use for predicting the potential bioremediation performance of fungi. Because we have focused the initial development of a fungal-based soil remediation technology on PCP- and/or creosote-...

  11. Bio-SNG potential assessment: Denmark 2020

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ahrenfeldt, J.; Thomsen, T. (Risoe DTU, Roskilde (Denmark)); Joergensen, Betina (Dansk Gasteknisk Center A/S, Hoersholm (Denmark))


    In this project the potential for SNG based on biomass gasification has been sought elucidated. As part of the project a model for simulation of biomass in Denmark has been developed. The conclusion is that SNG can substitute a significant amount of natural gas, but the energy efficiency should be improved. (Author)

  12. Aquifer characterization and groundwater potential assessment of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... integrated electrical resistivity and borehole lithologic logs with a view to characterizing the aquifer and assessing the groundwater potential. One hundred and four Vertical Electrical Soundings (VES) were quantitatively interpreted using the partial curve matching technique and computer assisted 1-D forward modeling.

  13. Immunomodulatory Potential of Patchouli Alcohol Isolated from ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Purpose: To isolate and purify patchouli alcohol (PA), a tricyclic sesquiterpene constituent of Pogostemon cablin, and investigate its immunomodulatory potential in Kunming mice. Methods: PA was prepared from an ethanol aqueous extract of P. cablin by silica gel column chromatography, and further purified by ...

  14. Botanical galactogogues: nutritional values and therapeutic potentials

    African Journals Online (AJOL)



    Jan 31, 2013 ... The plants showed therapeutic potentials against E. coli and K. pneumoniae. They could be used for the ... Iron, copper, and zinc contents of human milk vary considerably and a long list of other trace elements has been reported. All of the vitamins except vitamin K are found in human milk in nutritionally ...

  15. Potential environmental impacts associated with the proposed ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Part of the overall evaluation of this scheme included an assessment of the potential environmental impacts that could arise. An initial environmental evaluation was conducted from a point approximately 40 kilometres upstream of Rundu in Namibia, to the distal end of the Okavango Delta at Maun in Botswana. Hydrological ...

  16. Proton radioactivity with analytically solvable potential

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    been carried out to study the proton radioactivity from proton-rich nuclei [2]. The existing theoretical studies can be classified into two broad categories. In the first category different theoretical approaches are based on quantum mechanical foun- dation such as transmission through a potential barrier [3], distorted wave Born.


    African Journals Online (AJOL)


    EGGS: CLEARING THE CHARGES, EXPLORING THE POTENTIAL! Of all the different kinds of foods, an egg is special for its combination of all essential food nutrients in one item. Chicken eggs have an average weight of (~50g) with two distinct parts that have distinct nutritional values: the yolk (17g); and white (33g).

  18. Bessel potential space on the Laguerre hypergroup

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmed Taieb


    Full Text Available Abstract In this article, we define the fractional differentiation Dδ of order δ, δ > 0, induced by the Laguerre operator L and associated with respect to the Haar measure dmα. We obtain a characterization of the Bessel potential space using Dδ and different equivalent norms.

  19. Potential of Microbubbles as Fat Replacer

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rovers, T.A.M.; Sala, Guido; Linden, Van der Erik; Meinders, M.B.J.


    The potential of microbubbles as fat replacers and texture modifiers was assessed by comparison of the rheological and tribological properties of model food systems that contained (1) microbubbles, (2) emulsion droplets or (3) no added colloidal structures. We used (a) liquids with thickener, (b)

  20. Frequency-Dependent Streaming Potentials: A Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Jouniaux


    which both formation factor and permeability are measured, is predicted to depend on the permeability as inversely proportional to the permeability. We review the experimental setups built to be able to perform dynamic measurements. And we present some measurements and calculations of the dynamic streaming potential.