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Sample records for winkel sasha blair-goldensohn

  1. Nederlandse quinoa in de winkel

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wolkers, J.; Timmer, R.D.

    2015-01-01

    Dit jaar ligt er voor het eerst quinoa van vaderlandse bodem in de winkel. Wageningen leverde de geschikte rassen, en helpt boeren met de teelt. Interview met onder andere Ruud Timmer van PPO-agv te Lelystad

  2. Wifi-tracking in de winkel(straat): inbreuk op de privacy?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bosch, B.F.E.; van Eijk, N.A.N.M.

    2016-01-01

    Tegenwoordig wordt de consument op steeds grotere schaal gevolgd via de wifi-signalen die smartphones uitzenden. Inzicht in hoe consumenten zich gedragen in een winkel levert commerciële voordelen op voor de winkeliers, maar ook risico's voor de persoonlijke levenssfeer. Onder de Wet bescherming

  3. Sair da Representação: Lieutenantenduetten, uma performance crítica do Warme Winkel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esther Gouarné

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Esta performance questiona as lógicas de representação e mimeses, faz divergir as fronteiras entre a vida e a ficção, misturando os códigos do teatro, da arte da performance e do happening. A performance do Warme Winkel joga com a história da arte para refletir sobre a dificuldade da arte em criar imagens em um mundo globalizado e, mais particularmente, no contexto da crise econômica atual da Europa, o que ameaça diretamente a cena artística holandesa.

  4. Accuracy, precision, and reproducibility of four T1 mapping sequences: a head-to-head comparison of MOLLI, ShMOLLI, SASHA, and SAPPHIRE.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roujol, Sébastien; Weingärtner, Sebastian; Foppa, Murilo; Chow, Kelvin; Kawaji, Keigo; Ngo, Long H; Kellman, Peter; Manning, Warren J; Thompson, Richard B; Nezafat, Reza

    2014-09-01

    To compare accuracy, precision, and reproducibility of four commonly used myocardial T1 mapping sequences: modified Look-Locker inversion recovery (MOLLI), shortened MOLLI (ShMOLLI), saturation recovery single-shot acquisition (SASHA), and saturation pulse prepared heart rate independent inversion recovery (SAPPHIRE). This HIPAA-compliant study was approved by the institutional review board. All subjects provided written informed consent. Accuracy, precision, and reproducibility of the four T1 mapping sequences were first compared in phantom experiments. In vivo analysis was performed in seven healthy subjects (mean age ± standard deviation, 38 years ± 19; four men, three women) who were imaged twice on two separate days. In vivo reproducibility of native T1 mapping and extracellular volume (ECV) were measured. Differences between the sequences were assessed by using Kruskal-Wallis and Wilcoxon rank sum tests (phantom data) and mixed-effect models (in vivo data). T1 mapping accuracy in phantoms was lower with ShMOLLI (62 msec) and MOLLI (44 msec) than with SASHA (13 msec; P higher precision than SAPPHIRE (6.8 msec; P = .002) and SASHA (8.7 msec; P .05) and ECV quantification (∼0.01-0.02; P > .05). SASHA and SAPPHIRE yield higher accuracy, lower precision, and similar reproducibility compared with MOLLI and ShMOLLI for T1 measurement. Different sequences yield different ECV values; however, all sequences have similar reproducibility for ECV quantification.

  5. Sasha, ja gorda, tshto ja tvoi utshitel! / Boris Tuch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuch, Boris, 1946-

    2001-01-01

    18. mail toimub Vene Draamateatris rahvusvahelist stepipäeva tähistav kontsert. Korraldajaks on Duff-tap studio, mida juhendab Aleksandr Ivashkevitsh. Kontserdil osalevad Barbara Duffy (USA) ja Vladimir Kirsanov (Venemaa)

  6. Teatr "Kinetik" i Sasha Pepeljajev v Tallinne / Eteri Kekelidze

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kekelidze, Eteri, 1944-

    2004-01-01

    19. ja 20. okt. näeb Kanuti Gildi saalis S. Pepeljajevi Moskva Kineetilises Teatris valminud tantsulavastust "Üheaegse mängu seanss". Lavastuse jaoks on ta põhjalikult ümber miksinud S. Prokofjevi "Romeo ja Julia" balletimuusika, mida etenduses kasutatakse

  7. Aleksandr (Sasha) Pechersky (1909-1990) : In Search of a Life Story

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Leydesdorff, S.; Goodson, I.; Antikainen, A.; Sikes, P.; Andrews, M.

    2017-01-01

    It all began in Munich. When I interviewed survivors of the Sobibor death camp (“Vernichtungslager”) after the trial of John Demjanjuk (2009–2011), 2 they all praised and loved Aleksandr (“Sasha”) Pechersky, the Russian Jew who had led the revolt and escape that saved their lives. 3 Pechersky, the

  8. Roseneil Sasha, Frosh Stephen (Dir.), Social Research after the Cultural Turn

    OpenAIRE

    Laberge, Yves

    2014-01-01

    Cet ensemble de onze chapitres examine différents moments de la recherche sociale depuis l’avènement de ce que les chercheurs Anglo-Saxons ont appelé le “tournant culturel” (Cultural Turn) : c’est-à-dire un outil conceptuel qui sera ici compris et articulé de diverses manières selon les disciplines convoquées par chaque auteur. On peut comprendre le “tournant culturel” comme une nouvelle manière d’appréhender la recherche et les phénomènes sociaux en accordant une importance primordiale à la ...

  9. Interaction and framing in the performance “Insideout” by Sasha Waltz

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thygesen, Mads

    2010-01-01

    must be seen as a self-governing state of affairs due to the autopoietic feedback loop between actors and audience. This idea is based on the works of biologists Humberto Maturana and Paul Varela. Inspired by Maturana and Varela’s concept of autopoiesis (from Greek auto for self and poiesis...

  10. Onderzoek naar de kwaliteit van chocoladerepen

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sledsens, A.M.J.; Herstel, H.

    1989-01-01

    Om de kwaliteit van in willekeurige winkels gekochte chocoladerepen te kunnen beoordelen heeft Konsumenten Kontakt het RIKILT verzocht 24 monsters chocoladerepen te onderzoeken. Alle monsters zijn onderzocht op nettogewicht, totaal vet, vocht, saccharose, lactose, theobromine,

  11. 27 CFR 12.21 - List of examples of names by country.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Scharzberg, Winkeler Jesuitengarten, Wonnegau, Wurttemberg, Zell/Mosel. (e) France: Ajaccio, Arbois, Auxey... Savoie, Vin du Bugey, Vin du Haut-Poitou. (f) Greece: Aghialos, Amynteon, Archanes, Daphnes, Goumenissa...

  12. Cross-mediascapes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Vliet, Harry

    2014-01-01

    De manieren waarop organisaties met hun klanten kunnen communiceren is de laatste vijftien jaar aanzienlijk toegenomen. De vraag is hoe organisaties zoals media- bedrijven, musea, festivals en winkels de nieuwe mogelijkheden van allerlei media- (kanalen) kunnen benutten voor een betere

  13. Huligan Kolka otkrõl dorogu Okudzhave / Margarita Golovanova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Golovanova, Margarita

    2006-01-01

    Noortefilm "Minu sõber Kolka" ("Drug moi, Kolka!") : režissöörid Aleksei Saltõkov, Aleksandr Mitta; osades Sasha Kobozev, Saveli Kramarov, Anatoli Kuznetsov; Mosfilm 1961. Tegijad meenutavad filmivõtteid

  14. Pepeljajev eesti näitlejatega USA-s

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Sasha Pepeljajevi tantsulavastust "Uksed" etendati USA rahvusvahelisel teatrifestivalil "Arts & Ideas". Vene-Eesti trupi Apparatus lavastus on pühendatud Daniil Harmsi 100. sünniaastapäevale ning põhineb tema töödel

  15. Tantsiv kingloom otsib oma identiteeti / Tambet Kaugema

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaugema, Tambet

    1999-01-01

    Tartus 26. - 30. maini toimuvast festivalist "Dionysia".Välisesinejate tutvustus :Taipei Dance Circle'i tantsulavastus "Ood kingloomale", Malta trupp Grupp Ghall - Inkontri Tal - Bniedemi lavastus "ID Descartes", Sasha Pepeljaevi lavastus "Kodanikud"

  16. "Iz holoda" s ljubovju / Artur Veeber

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veeber, Artur

    1999-01-01

    Osaliselt Eestis filmitud mängufilm "Virtuoos" ("Out of the Cold") : režissöör Sasha Buravsky : Ameerika Ühendriigid - Venemaa - Eesti 1999. Lähemalt peaosalistest : Keith Carradine ja Mia Kirshner

  17. Hamletid Krahli proovisaalis - remixed and revisited / Margit Tõnson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tõnson, Margit, 1978-

    2006-01-01

    "Hamletid" William Shakespeare'i ainetel Von Krahli Teatri väikeses saalis. Kontseptsioon, lavastus, koreograafia, kujundus, valgus Sasha Pepeljajev, video, heli, elektroonika Taavet Jansen. Esitaja Juhan Ulfsak. Esietendus 3. okt

  18. Maak draagtassen van papier, stof of bioplastic

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Helmink, I.; Bolck, C.H.

    2010-01-01

    Jaarlijks worden er in Nederland miljarden plastic tasjes gebruikt. Veelal worden deze gratis in winkels weggegeven en na eenmalig gebruik weggegooid. Supermarkten verkopen per jaar naar schatting 280 tot 560 miljoen plastic tassen. De bewuste klant neemt zijn eigen tas mee, voor de iets minder

  19. Reference: 765 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available el K et al. 2008 Jul. Plant Physiol. 147(3):1046-61. The genome of Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) contai...ne family in Arabidopsis. 3 1046-61 18467451 2008 Jul Plant physiology Alerding Anne B|Bandara Aloka B|Crosby Kevin C|Owens Daniel K|Westwood James H|Winkel Brenda S J

  20. Citylogistiek : op weg naar een duurzame stadslogistiek voor aantrekkelijke steden

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ploos van Amstel, Walther

    2015-01-01

    Een goede stadslogistiek is belangrijk voor de economische vitaliteit en de aantrekkelijkheid van steden. Het zorgt ervoor dat restaurants hun gasten kunnen bedienen, winkels op tijd de nieuwste collectie in huis hebben en de verbouwing probleemloos verloopt. Verstedelijking stelt nieuwe eisen aan

  1. Selling to the multi-channel consumer : strategic and operational challenges for multi-channel retailers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Ameijden, D.; van Vulpen, J.; Huismans, J.; Wenting, R.; Krawczyk, A.; Weltevreden, J.W.J.; Krawczyk, A.C.

    2012-01-01

    Het ontwikkelen van een goede multichannel strategie is één van de belangrijkste uitdagingen waar retailers vandaag de dag voor staan. Een toenemend aantal ‘traditionele’ retailers ziet het opzetten van een webshop als een belangrijke aanvulling op hun fysieke winkels en probeert te profiteren van

  2. Kommunikation erstatter transport

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Indhold: Kim Østrup: På vej mod vidensamfundet : fra grusvej til informationsmotorvej. En revolutions historie i overblik / af Erland Kolding Nielsen og Niels Mark. Annette Winkel Schwarz: Når du ser den rigtige retning, vent da ikke på ordrer. Søren Clausen: Den ministerielle jordemodergerning. ...

  3. Download this PDF file

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    the cultural roots of the accumulation ideology inherent in the capitalist system ..... The two female clerks of the Winkel were Hereros, although one was said to .... tape-player on. The store did these things without intending to generate busi- ness from them. The shop was the only public place in the town where such forms of ...

  4. Studies in Local Marketing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Dijk, A.

    2004-01-01

    Wie in het winkelcentrum om de hoek goed rondkijkt, zal merken dat verschillende winkels hun assortiment hebben aangepast aan de specifieke behoeften van de buurt. Veel jonge gezinnen met kinderen? De schappen met babyvoedsel en luiers zullen uitpuilen. Maar ook zal een winkelier in een dure

  5. Mark Soosaar : Pärnus toimuv Eesti filmifestival tahab kaasa rääkida poliitilistes protsessides, mis viivad maailma suuremale mõistmisele ja sallivusele / Mark Soosaar ; interv. Karin Klaus, Karol Kallas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soosaar, Mark, 1946-

    2007-01-01

    XXI Rahvusvaheline Pärnu filmifestivalist. Varasematest festivalidest. Selle festivali üritustest, filmidest : tähelepanuväärsed on Aleksei Nekrassovi film Aleksander Litvinenkost "Minu sõber Sasha. Mõrv vene moodi" ja Marianna Jarovskaja, Olesja Bondareva film vene vaimulikest "Püha sõda". Lisatud M. Soosaare loomingulise tegevuse lühikokkuvõte

  6. Pepeljajevi trupp tuleb Eesti-tuurile / Priit Raud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raud, Priit, 1963-

    2000-01-01

    Ühenduse 2.Tants (2.Tants promotion) sarja "City-Dance" raames esineb Tallinnas ja Tartus Moskva nüüdistantsu trupp Sasha Pepeljajevi Kineetiline Teater kavadega "Not There" ja "Qúest - Ce Qúune Ulve?"

  7. Browse Title Index - African Journals Online

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    T Wainstein, R Kerr, CL Mitchell, S Madaree, FB Essop, E Vorster, R Wainwright, J Poole, A Krause. Vol 83, No 8 (1993), Far fewer missed opportunities for inununisation in an ... Lianne Beerman, Tessa Hoffman, Deborah Perkins, Sasha Roytowski. Vol 98, No 11 (2008):, Fetal alcohol syndrome among grade-one children ...

  8. Pepeljajevi trupp esines USAs

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Sasha Pepeljajevi tantsulavastust "Uksed" etendati New Havenis rahvusvahelisel teatrifestivalil "Arts & Ideas". Vene-Eesti trupi Apparatus lavastus on pühendatud Daniil Harmsi 100. sünniaastapäevale ning põhineb tema töödel

  9. Vormilt ülekeev, sisult universaalne / Jan Kaus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaus, Jan, 1971-

    2007-01-01

    Von Krahli Teatri kahest lavastusest: "Faust" (J. W. Goethe ainetel tekst ja lavastus Taavi Eelmaa, muusika ja laulud Chalice, osades Jarek Kasar ja Rein Pakk), "Hamletid" (William Shakespeare'i ainetel kontseptsiooni, lavastuse, koreograafia, kujunduse, valguse autor Sasha Pepeljajev, video- ja helikunstnik Taavet Jansen. Esitaja Juhan Ulfsak)

  10. Autentsuse ihalus ja strateegiad tänases Eesti teatris / Anneli Saro

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saro, Anneli, 1968-

    2007-01-01

    Aluseks võetud lavastused "Rätsep" (lav. Mart Koldits) ja "Nii see on kui teile nii näib" (lav. Adolf Shapiro) Tallinna Linnateatris, "Hamletid" (lav. Sasha Pepeljajev) ja "Faust" (lav. Taavi Eelmaa) Von Krahli Teatris, Tiit Ojasoo ja Ene-Liis Semperi lavastus "Nafta!" NO99 teatris. Kasut. kirjandus lk. 126

  11. Climate Change | Page 38 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Hillel Shuval (Hadassah Academic College and Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel). This is a tremendously useful book with its clear focus on developing countries where wastewater treatment does not work. It is also a great resource for students. – Sasha Koo-Oshima (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United ...

  12. Näitleja teeb vahekokkuvõtte ehk Kuidas lavastatakse aega / Katrin Ruus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ruus, Katrin

    2006-01-01

    Von Krahli Teatri kolmest lavastusest: "Erki ja Tiina" (lavastaja Mart Kangro, tantsivad Erki Laur ja Tiina Tauraite), "Faust" (J. W. Goethe ainetel tekst ja lavastus Taavi Eelmaa, muusika ja laulud Chalice, osades Jarek Kasar ja Rein Pakk), "Hamletid" (William Shakespeare'i ainetel kontseptsiooni, lavastuse, koreograafia, kujunduse, valguse autor Sasha Pepeljajev, video- ja helikunstnik Taavet Jansen. Esitaja Juhan Ulfsak)

  13. Soolopartiid Von Krahli katuse all / Kristi Eberhart

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Eberhart, Kristi

    2007-01-01

    Von Krahli Teatri kolmest lavastusest: "Erki ja Tiina" (lavastaja Mart Kangro, tantsivad Erki Laur ja Tiina Tauraite), "Faust" (J. W. Goethe ainetel tekst ja lavastus Taavi Eelmaa, muusika ja laulud Chalice, osades Jarek Kasar ja Rein Pakk), "Hamletid" (William Shakespeare'i ainetel kontseptsiooni, lavastuse, koreograafia, kujunduse, valguse autor Sasha Pepeljajev, video- ja helikunstnik Taavet Jansen. Esitaja Juhan Ulfsak)

  14. BEYOND THE BORDER WAR: NEW PERSPECTIVES ON ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hennie

    they viewed as necessary cross-border-, deep penetration and/or pre-emptive strikes against the People's Liberation ... Beyond the Border War: New Perspectives on Southern Africa's Late Cold War. Conflicts falls in a .... Sasha Gear writes about veterans and the effect of the war on them and those close to them - or rather, ...

  15. Meie skandaalitsesime ka! Jaanipäeval võttis MM suuna teatrifestivalile "Baltoscandal" / Anu Aaremäe, Tiiu Suvi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aaremäe, Anu

    2000-01-01

    Meeldejäävaimaid "teatripärleid" Rakvere teatrifestivalilt "Baltoscandal 2000" : Oskaras Korshunovas Theatre, Marius von Mayenburgi "Tule nägu" ("The Face of Fire"), lavastaja O. Korshunovas, Pit Uttoni ühemehetükk "Adolf", Sasha Pepeljajevi trupi "One Second Hand" ja poola "Moisture", lavastaja Madzik Leszek

  16. Aasta tantsukunstnik on Kaja Kann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Rahvusvahelisel tantsupäeval pälvis Philip Morrise tantsuauhinna soolo eest "There are laika dogs living in Estonia" Kaja Kann. Läbilöögi preemia võitis Tallinna Ülikooli tantsutudengite teater Tee Kuubis ja tantsija preemia Alissa Shnaider Sasha Pepeljajevi trupi Apparatus lavastuse "Uksed" eest. Tseremoonia toimus KUMUs

  17. Toorpuidust kodu Dorsetis Inglismaal

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1999-01-01

    Kuivatamata puit on majaehituses taasavastatud materjal. Arhitektuuri- ja ehitusüliõpilaste puhkuseajaks mõeldud Westminster Lodge'i Hooke Park'is projekteerisid Ted Cullinan, John Romer, Sasha Bhavan. Metsanõlvakul platvormil asuva 8-toalise kuivatamata puidust hoone kaarduv katus on kaetud muruvaibaga, maja sulandub metsa

  18. Download this PDF file

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    in violence. Masculinity and sexual abuse: a view from South African prisons. Sasha Gear* sgear@csvr.org.za. This article explores sexual violence in male prisons in South Africa. It focuses on the ... through replicating societal notions of gender and sexuality. ..... Centre for Males, Briefing Report 02, Johannesburg: CSVR ...

  19. Dostojevski bez nakipi / Anna Moleva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Moleva, Anna

    2002-01-01

    Fjodor Dostojevski romaani "Idioot" järgi filmitud 10-osalise samanimelise Venemaa draamaseriaali valmimisest : režissöör Vladimir Bortko. Oma arvamust avaldavad produtsent Valeri Todorovski, näitlejad Oleg Basilashvili, Vladimir Mashkov, Jevgeni Mironov, Andrei Smirnov, Mihhail Bojarski, Maria Kisseljova, Sasha Lazarev

  20. Turning the tide of violence in South Africa | IDRC - International ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2011-02-04

    Feb 4, 2011 ... The resulting series of reports, the Violence and Transition Series, comprises a set of self-contained, but interrelated, documents that explore violence between ... Related to this, Sasha Gear, author of the research report on ex-combatants, has given presentations to the demobilization committee and has ...

  1. Fiktiivne auhinnagala Lõuna-Prantsusmaal / Madli Pesti

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pesti, Madli, 1980-

    2007-01-01

    6.-27. juuli - 61. Avignoni festival. Valitud etendusi Avignonist : Ariane Mnouchkine'i "Les Ephemeres", Faustin Linyekula "Dinosaurus", Fernardo Anuanga "Reis tulevikku", Sasha Waltz "insideout", Galin Stojevi "Genees nr 2", multimeediaalase kunsti- ja teatrigrupi Superamasi "Big 3rd episode. Happy/end", Guy Cassiersi "Mefisto for Ever", Krzysztof Warlikowski "Inglid Ameerikas", Raimund Hoghe tantsuetendus "36, Avenue Georges Mandel"

  2. IN MEMORIAM: In Memoriam: Alexander A Golovin and Alexei M Oparin In Memoriam: Alexander A Golovin and Alexei M Oparin

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-10-01

    In Memoriam of Alexander A Golovin (1962-2008) Alexander (Sasha) Golovin passed away on 10 September 2008. Sasha's scientific heritage includes seminal works in different fields of physics, from Marangoni convection to self-assembly of quantum dots, and from combustion fronts to anomalous diffusion in flows and on a crystal surface. A graduate of the Moscow Institute for Physics and Technology, he had very broad scientific interests and a unique ability to identify and solve new, intellectually challenging and technologically important problems. One of the basic fields of Sasha's research was the fluid dynamics in systems with interfaces. His favorite subject was the motion of droplets, bubbles and particles in the presence of heat and mass transfer. Sasha's early works contained the discovery of the spontaneous motion of droplets due to the Marangoni effect and the investigation of the interaction between solid particles, bubbles and droplets caused by the Marangoni effect, which is a crucial factor that determines the effect of heat/mass transfer on the rate of coalescence. In both cases, Sasha's work was the first in a long sequence of papers written by different authors. Later, Sasha returned to that field when studying such fascinating subjects as levitation of droplets above the surface of an evaporating liquid and encapsulation of particles and bubbles by an advancing solidification front. The subject of interfacial hydrodynamics overlaps with another basic field of Sasha's research, the theory of pattern formation. The contribution of Sasha's work to the modern understanding of the variety of pattern formation phenomena is significant. It includes the analysis of the interaction between long-wave and short-wave instability modes in Marangoni convection, investigation of the large-scale Marangoni convection that led to the prediction of different patterns including quasipatterns, and the description of various non-potential effects in Marangoni convection

  3. Gödel, Escher, Bach ein endloses geflochtenes Band

    CERN Document Server

    Hofstadter, Douglas R

    1985-01-01

    Hofstadter entwickelt aus den Bereichen Logik, Molekularbiologie, Kunst, Computertechnik, Teilchenphysik und Philosophie ein gigantisches Mosaik, einen virtuos arrangierten Blick auf die Welt unter dem Winkel der mathematischen Logik. Dabei besticht er durch seine sachliche klare Darstellung, gepaart mit Amüsement und Witz. Trotz des schwierigen Themas sind keine Vorkenntnisse gefordert, die einzige Voraussetzung ist waches und geduldiges Interesse. Niemand, der Spaß an intelligent-witzigem Nachdenken hat, darf dieses »Kultbuch« seinen kleinen grauen Zellen vorenthalten.

  4. Best of Tshehhov. Best before / Ott Karulin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karulin, Ott, 1980-

    2006-01-01

    Analüüsitakse A. Tšehhovi näidenditel "Kolm õde" ja "Kirsiaed" põhinevaid erinevaid lavastusi - Kristian Smedsi ja Radu Afrimi "Kolm õde" Tampere "Teatrisuvel" ning Rimas Tuminase "Kolme õde" Leedu teatrifestivalil "Sirenos", Sasha Pepeljajevi "Kirsiaeda" NO99 teatris, Roman Baskini "Kirsiaeda" Vanalinnastuudios ja Mati Undi "Kirsiaeda" Vanemuises, samuti Mikk Mikiveri "Tšehhovi kolme õde" (autor Per Olov Enquist) Vanemuises

  5. How is adult patient adherence recorded in orthodontists’ clinical notes? A mixed-method case-note study

    OpenAIRE

    Al Shammary, Nawaf; Asimakopoulou, Koula; McDonald, Fraser; Newton, Jonathon T; Scambler, Sasha

    2017-01-01

    Nawaf Al Shammary,1 Koula Asimakopoulou,1 Fraser McDonald,2 Jonathon T Newton,1 Sasha Scambler1 1Division of Population and Patient Health, 2Craniofacial Development and Stem Cell Biology Department, King’s College London Dental Institute, London, UKBackground: Patient adherence in orthodontic treatment is extremely important as it is linked with better treatment outcomes. Despite its importance, however, there is no shared definition of the concept. This makes the recording of adhe...

  6. Reserve Officer Commissioning Program (ROCP) Officer and Reserve Personnel Readiness

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-04-07

    Women in the Armed Forces. [13] Becker , Sasha O., and Andrea Inchino. 2002. “Estimation of Average Treatment Effects Based on Propensity Scores.” The...service officers into the SMCR. This study looks at the performance of the ROCP candidates and their effect on SMCR personnel readiness. We find that...created to recruit non-prior-service officers into the SMCR. This study looks at the performance of the ROCP candidates and their effect on SMCR

  7. Optimal management of orthodontic pain

    OpenAIRE

    Topolski,Francielle; Moro,Alexandre; Correr,Gisele Maria; Schimim,Sasha Cristina

    2018-01-01

    Francielle Topolski,1 Alexandre Moro,1,2 Gisele Maria Correr,3 Sasha Cristina Schimim1 1Department of Orthodontics, Positivo University, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil; 2Department of Orthodontics, Federal University of Paraná, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil; 3Department of Restorative Dentistry, Positivo University, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil Abstract: Pain is an undesirable side effect of orthodontic tooth movement, which causes many patients to give up orthodo...

  8. Optimal management of orthodontic pain

    OpenAIRE

    Topolski F; Moro A; Correr GM; Schimim SC

    2018-01-01

    Francielle Topolski,1 Alexandre Moro,1,2 Gisele Maria Correr,3 Sasha Cristina Schimim1 1Department of Orthodontics, Positivo University, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil; 2Department of Orthodontics, Federal University of Paraná, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil; 3Department of Restorative Dentistry, Positivo University, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil Abstract: Pain is an undesirable side effect of orthodontic tooth movement, which causes many patients to give up orthodontic treatment o...

  9. Dim prospects for earthquake prediction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geller, Robert J.

    I was misquoted by C. Lomnitz's [1998] Forum letter (Eos, August 4, 1998, p. 373), which said: [I wonder whether Sasha Gusev [1998] actually believes that branding earthquake prediction a ‘proven nonscience’ [Geller, 1997a] is a paradigm for others to copy.”Readers are invited to verify for themselves that neither “proven nonscience” norv any similar phrase was used by Geller [1997a].

  10. Adult onset glycogen storage disease type II (adult onset Pompe disease): report and magnetic resonance images of two cases

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Del Gaizo, Andrew [Emory University School of Medicine, Radiology Resident, Atlanta, GA (United States); Banerjee, Sima [Emory University School of Medicine, Musculoskeletal Radiology Department, Atlanta, GA (United States); Terk, Michael [Emory University School of Medicine, Radiology, Division of Musculoskeletal Imaging, Atlanta, GA (United States)

    2009-12-15

    Glycogen storage disease type II (GSDII), also referred to as Pompe disease or acid maltase deficiency, is a rare inherited condition caused by a deficiency in acid alpha-glucosidase (GAA) enzyme activity. The condition is often classified by age of presentation, with infantile and late onset variants (Laforet et al. J Neurology 55:1122-8, 2000). Late onset tends to present with progressive proximal muscle weakness and respiratory insufficiency (Winkel et al. J Neurology 252:875-84, 2005). We report two cases of biopsy confirmed adult onset GSDII, along with key Magnetic Resonance (MR) images. (orig.)

  11. Adult onset glycogen storage disease type II (adult onset Pompe disease): report and magnetic resonance images of two cases

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Del Gaizo, Andrew; Banerjee, Sima; Terk, Michael

    2009-01-01

    Glycogen storage disease type II (GSDII), also referred to as Pompe disease or acid maltase deficiency, is a rare inherited condition caused by a deficiency in acid alpha-glucosidase (GAA) enzyme activity. The condition is often classified by age of presentation, with infantile and late onset variants (Laforet et al. J Neurology 55:1122-8, 2000). Late onset tends to present with progressive proximal muscle weakness and respiratory insufficiency (Winkel et al. J Neurology 252:875-84, 2005). We report two cases of biopsy confirmed adult onset GSDII, along with key Magnetic Resonance (MR) images. (orig.)

  12. Integrated Unmanned Air-Ground Robotics System, Volume 4

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-08-20

    Winkeler, Sherri Adlich Programmatics Pat McInnis, Jim Sanders, John Carter, Jim Kirkwood Systems Integration Jim Dinges; George Smith Mechanical...les vies des soldats sur les champs de bataille , le développement de drones apparaît comme la solution idéale. Ces systèmes étant capables de missions...préserver les vies des soldats sur les champs de bataille , le développement de drones apparaît comme la solution idéale. Ces systèmes étant capables de

  13. Teatri aastaauhindade nominendid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Lavastajaauhind : Merle Karusoo, Elmo Nüganen, Tiit Ojasoo, Ene-Liis Semper, Kristian Smeds, Hendrik Toompere jun, Ingomar Vihmar ; kunstnikuauhind : Iir Hermeliin, Liina Keevallik, Ene-Liis Semper, Aime Unt, Ervin Õunapuu ; naisnäitleja auhind : Ülle Kaljuste, Kaie Mihkelson, Harriet Toompere, Marika Vaarik, Liina Vahtrik ; meesnäitleja auhind : Ain Lutsepp, Rein Oja, Rain Simmul, Tarvo Sõmer, Tambet Tuisk, Aarne Üksküla ; Balleti- ja tantsuteater : Marina Tshirkova, Seki Hirotaka, Mari Savitski, Oksana Titova, Taavet Jansen, Sasha Pepeljajev, Katrin Essenson ja Tantsuteater Fine 5

  14. Teater post-perspektiivis / Luule Epner

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Epner, Luule, 1953-

    2006-01-01

    Post-mõistetest - poststrukturalistlikud teooriad, postdramaatiline teater - ja uuest teatrist. Näiteina Tiit Palu lavastus "Mis värvi on vabadus" Mati Undi romaani "Mõrv hotellis" põhjal Endlas, Sasha Pepeljajevi "Kirsiaed" Anton Tshehhovi näidendi ainetel, EMA Kõrgema Lavakunstikooli XXII lennu üliõpilaste ja NO99 näitlejatega, Tiit Ojasoo ja Ene-Liis Semperi "Vahel on tunne, et elu saab otsa ja armastust polnudki" ja "Seitse samuraid" NO99 teatris ja Kristian Smedsi lavastus "Jänese aasta" Von Krahli Teatris, Aare Toikka lavastus "Klammi sõda" VAT Teatris

  15. Teatri aastaauhindadele kandideerijad selgunud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Lavastajaauhind : Merle Karusoo, Elmo Nüganen, Tiit Ojasoo, Ene-Liis Semper, Kristian Smeds, Hendrik Toompere jun, Ingomar Vihmar ; kunstnikuauhind : Iir Hermeliin, Liina Keevallik, Ene-Liis Semper, Aime Unt, Ervin Õunapuu ; naisnäitleja auhind : Ülle Kaljuste, Kaie Mihkelson, Harriet Toompere, Marika Vaarik, Liina Vahtrik ; meesnäitleja auhind : Ain Lutsepp, Rein Oja, Rain Simmul, Tarvo Sõmer, Tambet Tuisk, Aarne Üksküla ; Balleti- ja tantsuteater : Marina Tshirkova, Seki Hirotaka, Mari Savitski, Oksana Titova, Taavet Jansen, Sasha Pepeljajev, Katrin Essenson ja Tantsuteater Fine 5

  16. Kohärente Teilchenproduktion in Dreijetereignissen der $e^+e^--$Annihilation Eine Untersuchung der Multiplizität in Quark-Gluon-Ensembles und eine präzise Bestimmung von $C_A/C_F$ mit Daten des DELPHI-Experimentes

    CERN Document Server

    Siebel, Martin

    2003-01-01

    Die kohärente Teilchenproduktion in hadronischen Z-Zerfällen mit drei Jets im Endzustand wird anhand von mit dem DELPHI-Experiment in den Jahren 1992-1995 aufgenommenen Daten untersucht. Die unter großem Winkel zur Ereignisebene gemessene Multiplizität ist in guter Übereinstimmung mit einer Vorhersage in führender Ordnung. Es wird gezeigt, dass zur Beschreibung der Daten ein negativer Interferenzterm notwendig ist. Ein Skalieren der Impulsverteilungen der unter großem Winkel produzierten Teilchen wird für Impulse unter ca. 1GeV beobachtet, wodurch die lokale Parton-Hadron Dualitätshypothese (LPHD) bestätigt wird. Es wird eine gute Beschreibung der in Dreijetereignissen gemessenen Gesamtmultiplizität durch eine MLLA-Vorhersage beobachtet. Eine Parameteranpassung der Vorhersage an die Daten ergibt das Farbfaktorverhältnis CA/CF = 2.261 ± 0.014(stat.) ± 0.036(syst.) ± 0.052(theor.) ± 0.041(clus.), welches die bislang präziseste Messung dieses Wertes darstellt. Das Verhältnis der Gluon- zur Quar...

  17. Biomechanics of the arch of the foot. Pre- and postoperative radiological examination; Biomechanik des Fussgewoelbes. Prae- und postoperative Radiometrie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kristen, K.H. [Fusszentrum Wien, Wien (Austria)

    2007-03-15

    The human foot is a complex biomechanical structure. The arch of the foot is formed by the bony and articular structure of the midfoot and supported by strong ligaments and tendons. The normal arch develops in childhood. Tendon and ligament rupture and degeneration often lead to flattening of the arch. Frequent painful conditions include hallux valgus deformity and rupture of the posterior tibial tendon both leading to flat feet. Radiological examination is necessary in a standardized, full weight bearing standing position. The standing dorsoplantar view shows hallux valgus angle and intermetatarsal 1/2 angle. The side view shows Lisfranc joint instability and decrease of the talometatarsal angle. Talonavicular instability is a frequent secondary sign of spring ligament and posterior tibial tendon lesion. After failure of conservative therapy, corrective surgery with osteotomy and realignment procedure of the malpositioned bones in combination with tendon and ligament reconstruction is the state of the art procedure. In postoperative follow-up a standing X-ray of the foot is again the standard tool. Additional MRI and CT examinations help to detect bone and cartilage lesions and tendon/ligament ruptures. (orig.) [German] Der menschliche Fuss ist ein biomechanisch hoch komplexes System. Das Gewoelbe des Fusses ist durch Knochen und Gelenksstruktur vorgegeben und wird statisch durch straffe Baender sowie dynamisch durch kraeftige Sehnen in seiner Form gehalten. Das Fussgewoelbe entwickelt sich in der Kindheit. Sehnen- und Bandverletzungen sowie Degenerationen fuehren zu einer progredienten Abflachung des Fussgewoelbes. Haeufige schmerzhafte Erkrankungen sind die Hallux-valgus-Deformitaet und die Ruptur der Tibialis-posterior-Sehne. Beide Erkrankungen fuehren zu einem Plattfuss. Roentgenaufnahmen bei strukturellen Stoerungen des Fusses muessen als belastete stehende Aufnahmen erfolgen. Die stehende dorsoplantare Aufnahme zeigt einen Hallux-valgus-Winkel und den

  18. Sondagviering

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. P. van der Walt

    1979-05-01

    Full Text Available Ons is daaraan so gewoond en aanvaar alles sonder om weer daaroor na te dink: Op Sondag kom alles tot rus. Die winkels is gesluit en kantore is toe, plekke van openbare vermaak en sportvelde is onbevolk. Christene is ook in hul huise stemmiger as op ander dae en ouers gaan met hul kinders kerk toe. Kinders neem nie aan alle vorme van vermaak deel nie, gaan byvoorbeeld nie na swembaddens of riviere toe nie. Daar kom ’n wyding op die dag en dit het deel van ons lewenspatroon geword. Toe het die skokke gekom — van andersdenkendes en -voelendes, wat Sondag nie in sy gewydheid wou onderhou nie, maar die dag vir hulleself toegeëien het.

  19. Validation Of Key Relationships In An Extended Service-Profit Chain Model In The South Africa Retail Industry Context

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anton M. Verwey

    2003-09-01

    Die doel van hierdie studie was om ‘n uitgebreide konseptuele model te toets wat gehipotetiseerde verwantskappe voorstel tussen werknemer-ervaarde klimaat, kliënt-ervaarde waarde en finansiële prestasie. Vraelyste wat werknemer-ervaarde klimaat en kliënt-ervaarde waarde meet is voltooi deur meer as 1200 werknemers en meer as 2000 kliënte van ‘n enkele kleinhandelaar wat landwyd byna 100 winkels regoor Suid-Afrika bedryf. Die hoofbevindinge is dat sommige komponente van werknemer-ervaarde klimaat positief verwant is aan kliënt-ervaarde waarde in terme van beide produk en verhoudingsgehalte. Daar was egter geen beduidende verband tussen kliëntervaarde waarde en die finansiële prestasie van die organisasie nie.

  20. Management across distances – how to ensure performance and employee well-being

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ipsen, Christine; Poulsen, Signe; Nielsen, Linda

    2015-01-01

    Today many businesses are geographically distributed with co-located employees and teams across dispersed work situations. Furthermore, today’s technologies and business requirements both allow and demand distance management like never before. Distance work and management are characteristic...... of various types of knowledge work (Fisher & Fisher, 2001; Jacobs, 2004; Li & Scullion, 2006). In fact, it is precisely knowledge workers who are most likely to experience work-related stress, which to a large extent remains an unsolved problem in practice, and is the second most frequently reported work-related...... health problem in Europe by the European Agency for Safety and Health at Work. The risk of work-related stress and the high costs associated with it has generated a large number of preventive intervention studies. However, according to Westgaard and Winkel (2011), balancing organizational performance...

  1. Integrating Work Environment Considerations Into Lean and Value Stream Mapping

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Edwards, Kasper

    (Spear & Bowen, 1999; Womack & Jones, 1996) and is based on standardisation, levelling, and optimisation of work flows through value stream mapping (VSM) (Rother & Shook, 2009) and eliminating waste. Lean is essentially a rationalization approach that will reduce waste and increase productivity thereby...... causing work intensification (Westgaard & Winkel, 2011) with negative impact on work environment. To compensate for the negative effects of lean a work environment complement (ErgoVSM) has been developed in Sweden (Jarebrandt et al. 2010). EgoVSM integrate work environment considerations into VSM......, e) mental porosity and f) variation in contents. However, lean management and the VSM analysis focus on waste to identify workflow problems and develop an improved workflow. The lean mindset and waste analysis is taught to work shop participants by a lean coach. The focus and mindset of reducing...

  2. Anzeichen einer linearen dosis-effekt beziehung bei sehr kleinen bestrahlungsdosen

    CERN Document Server

    Diehl, I.

    1980-01-01

    Zur Aufstellung einer Strahlungsdosis - Effekt - Kurve bei kleinen Dosen wurde der Mikrokerntest verwendet, da er relativ einfach und gleich- zeitig sehr empfindlich ist. Die Bohne Vicia Faba (Fillbasket) wurde mit 60Co Gammastrahlen und mit hochenergetischen Neutronen bestrahlt. Die Neutronen wurden von 600 MeV Protonen, die auf ein Be—Target auftrafen produziert und unter einem Winkel von 0 Grad extrahiert. Informationen fiber Dosimetrie und Eigenschaften der verwandeten Strahlung wurder bereits an anderer Stelle beschriebenl) des gleichen auch Einzelheiten fiber die Aufzucht der BORE Vicia Fabaz). Nach der Bestrahlung wurden jeweils 5 Bohnen zu bestimmten Zeitpunkten fixiert und danach die Prfiparate herge— stellt. Pro Préparat wurden 1000 Zellen ausgewertet.

  3. How many EMA-workshops are needed to collect a representative sample of events in a hospital ward?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Edwards, Kasper

    2017-01-01

    and will exhibit a lower degree of variation in work tasks and processes than a medical ward. The general recommendation is that each EMA-workshop include participants from all relevant occupational groups for a specialization. A specialization should be understood broadly as they may not be formally defined......The effect modifier assessment (EMA) method (Edwards & Winkel, 2016) is a method for assessing the impact of an intervention and modifiers on a desired outcome e.g. improved work environment. The EMA-method captures events (a change in work) in a ward and for each event asses 1) impact on work...... environment and 2) if the event was part of the intervention or not. The EMA-method rely on the EMA-workshop – a structured group interview method inspired by the chronicle workshop (Limborg & Hvenegaard, 2011) to collect data. However, healthcare organizations are complex and staff carry out many different...

  4. The Nordic model”: historical origins and its significance for the work place dialogue towards increased organizational sustainability

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schiller, B.; Winkel, Jørgen; Edwards, Kasper

    2017-01-01

    The vision of the NOVO network is “a Nordic Model for development of more sustainable production systems in healthcare”. It is based on the assumption that the Nordic countries, through high levels of trust and justice (social capital), have unique opportunities to carry out dialogue-based change...... of active repression and corruption. To-day we still have the best organized trade unions in the world, close cooperation with important social democratic parties, strong employer organizations, early recognition of trade unions and established policy of collective bargaining with close to total coverage...... processes, cf. “the Nordic Model”. This seems important due to the frequent negative impact of rationalization on ergonomics and vice versa (see previous abstract by Winkel et al). The Nordic model has been the subject of extensive discussions and studies (e.g. Schiller et al., 1993). The Nordic...

  5. Systematic evaluation of observational methods assessing biomechanical exposures at work

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Takala, Esa-Pekka; Irmeli, Pehkonen; Forsman, Mikael

    2009-01-01

      Systematic evaluation of observational methods assessing biomechanical exposures at work   Esa-Pekka Takala 1, Irmeli Pehkonen 1, Mikael Forsman 2, Gert-Åke Hansson 3, Svend Erik Mathiassen 4, W. Patrick Neumann 5, Gisela Sjøgaard 6, Kaj Bo Veiersted 7, Rolf Westgaard 8, Jørgen Winkel 9   1...... University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, 9 University of Gothenburg and National Research Centre for the Working Environment, Copenhagen   The aim of this project was to identify and systematically evaluate observational methods to assess workload on the musculoskeletal system. Searches...... by sorting the methods according to the several items evaluated.   Numerous methods have been developed to assess physical workload (biomechanical exposures) in order to identify hazards leading to musculoskeletal disorders, to monitor the effects of ergonomic changes, and for research. No indvidual method...

  6. A Study of Gender Performativity in Virginia Woolf’s Orlando: A Mocking Biography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moslehi M.

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The present paper aims at concentrating on Judith Butler’s theory of gender as performance and how Virginia Woolf challenges the assumptions of heterosexuality in Virginia Woolf’s Orlando (1992. Woolf rebels against the traditional view of gender as two separate categories by presenting Orlando as an androgynous and bisexual character. Orlando’s transformation from male to female and exhibition of the characteristics of both feminist and masculinity expose how gender norms are socially instituted. Woolf portrays Orlando’s attraction to both men and women. He/she loves Sasha regardless of what changes her body undergoes, but he/she marries Shelmerdine because he/she is bisexual. Woolf also shows clothing as signifiers of the social construction of gender and how characters flout this convention by using cross dressing.

  7. Space-based detectors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sesana, A.; Weber, W. J.; Killow, C. J.

    2014-01-01

    ) is planned for 2015. This mission and its payload “LISA Technology Package” will demonstrate key technologies for LISA. In this context, reference masses in free fall for LISA, and gravitational physics in general, was described by William Weber, laser interferometry at the pico-metre level and the optical......The parallel session C5 on Space-Based Detectors gave a broad overview over the planned space missions related to gravitational wave detection. Overviews of the revolutionary science to be expected from LISA was given by Alberto Sesana and Sasha Buchman. The launch of LISA Pathfinder (LPF...... bench of LPF was presented by Christian Killow and the performance of the LPF optical metrology system by Paul McNamara. While LPF will not yet be sensitive to gravitational waves, it may nevertheless be used to explore fundamental physics questions, which was discussed by Michele Armano. Some parts...

  8. [Comment on Earthquake precursors: Banished forever?] Comment: Unpredictability of earthquakes-Truth or fiction?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lomnitz, Cinna

    I was delighted to read Alexander Gusev's opinions on what he calls the “unpredictability paradigm” of earthquakes (Eos, February 10, 1998, p. 71). I always enjoy hearing from a good friend in the pages of Eos. I immediately looked up “paradigm” in my Oxford Dictionary and found this: paradigm n 1) set of all the different forms of a word: verb paradigms. 2) Type of something; pattern; model: a paradigm for others to copy.I wonder whether Sasha Gusev actually believes that branding earthquake prediction a “proven nonscience” [Geller, 1997] is a paradigm for others to copy. As for me, I choose to refrain from climbing on board this particular bandwagon for the following reasons.

  9. Üks inimene teatrilaval - igav või intrigeeriv ? / Tiiu Laks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laks, Tiiu, 1984-

    2006-01-01

    Vaadeldakse sel hooajal Eesti teatrites etendatud monolavastuste fenomeni : Andrus Kivirähki "Aabitsakukk" (Eesti Draamateater, mängib Tõnu Oja), Pip Uttoni "Adolf" (Vanemuine, lavastaja Ervin Õunapuu, mängib Indrek Taalmaa), Sasha Pepeljajevi "Hamletid" (Von Krahli Teater, mängib Juhan Ulfsak), Kai Henseli "Klammi sõda" (VAT Teater, lavastaja Aare Toikka, mängib Marika Vaarik), Geraldine Aroni " Minu oivaline lahutus" (Eesti Draamateater, lavastaja Kaie Mihkelson, mängib Ülle Kaljuste), Kati Murutar "Pidu" (Rakvere Teater, mängib Ülle Lichtfeldt), "Unistaja soovikontsert" (Rakvere Teater, lavastaja Kadi Tudre). Lisad : "Monotükid Eesti teatriajaloos" ja "Monotükid maailma lavadel"

  10. Perceptual weighting strategies of children with cochlear implants and normal hearing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nittrouer, Susan; Caldwell-Tarr, Amanda; Moberly, Aaron C; Lowenstein, Joanna H

    2014-01-01

    This study compared perceptual weighting strategies of children with cochlear implants (CIs) and children with normal hearing (NH), and asked if strategies are explained solely by degraded spectral representations, or if diminished language experience accounts for some of the effect. Relationships between weighting strategies and other language skills were examined. One hundred 8-year-olds (49 with NH and 51 with CIs) were tested on four measures: (1) labeling of cop-cob and sa-sha stimuli; (2) discrimination of the acoustic cues to the cop-cob decision; (3) phonemic awareness; and (4) word recognition. No differences in weighting of cues to the cop-cob decision were observed between children with CIs and NH, suggesting that language experience was sufficient for the children with CIs. Differences in weighting of cues to the sa-sha decision were found, but were not entirely explained by auditory sensitivity. Weighting strategies were related to phonemic awareness and word recognition. More salient cues facilitate stronger weighting of those cues. Nonetheless, individuals differ in how salient cues need to be to capture perceptual attention. Familiarity with stimuli also affects how reliably children attend to acoustic cues. Training should help children with CIs learn to categorize speech sounds with less-salient cues. After reading this article, the learner should be able to: (1) recognize methods and motivations for studying perceptual weighting strategies in speech perception; (2) explain how signal quality and language experience affect the development of weighting strategies for children with cochlear implants and children with normal hearing; and (3) summarize the importance of perceptual weighting strategies for other aspects of language functioning. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. Functional CT imaging: load-dependent visualization of the subchondral mineralization by means of CT osteoabsorptionmetry (CT-OAM); Funktionelle Computertomographie: Beanspruchungsabhaengige Darstellung der subchondralen Mineralisierung mittels CT gestuetzter Osteoabsorptiometrie (CTOAM)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Linsenmaier, U.; Schlichtenhorst, K.; Pfeifer, K.J.; Reiser, M. [Inst. fuer Klinische Radiologie, Innenstadt, Ludwig-Maximilians-Univ. Muenchen (Germany); Kersting, S.; Putz, R.; Mueller-Gerbl, M. [Anatomische Anstalt, Ludwig-Maximilians-Univ. Muenchen (Germany)

    2003-05-01

    , Range 200-1200 HU) zugeordnet. Die Auswertung erfolgte in Abhaengigkeit vom Schweregrad des HV; der HV-Winkel wurde hierzu mittels konventioneller Roentgenaufnahmen (d.p.) ermittelt. Ergebnisse: An allen vier Gelenkflaechen von TMT-und MTP-Gelenk lassen sich mittels CT-OAM charakteristische Densitogramme der subchondralen Mineralisierung erstellen. Anhand der Lokalisation der Mineralisierungsmaxima ist eine Gruppenbildung moeglich; in Abhaengigkeit vom HV-Winkel lassen sich dabei unterschiedliche Ausbildungen der Dichtemaxima beobachten (p < 0,001). Schlussfolgerung: Die CT-OAM ist eine funktionelle CT-Untersuchungstechnik zur Darstellung und Quantifizierung der subchondralen Mineralisierungsverteilung und ermoeglicht eine nichtinvasive beanspruchungsabhaengige Untersuchung von Gelenkflaechen. Bei Hallux valgus zeigen sich in Abhaengigkeit vom Auspraegungsgrad belastungsabhaengig unterschiedliche Auspraegungen der Mineralisierung. (orig.)

  12. Experimental evidence for two distinct deeply supercooled liquid states of water – Response to “Comment on ‘Water's second glass transition”’, by G.P. Johari, Thermochim. Acta (2015)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stern, J.; Seidl, M. [Institute of Physical Chemistry, University of Innsbruck, 6020 Innsbruck (Austria); Gainaru, C. [Fakultät Physik, Technische Universität Dortmund, 44221 Dortmund (Germany); Fuentes-Landete, V.; Amann-Winkel, K.; Handle, P.H. [Institute of Physical Chemistry, University of Innsbruck, 6020 Innsbruck (Austria); Köster, K.W.; Nelson, H. [Fakultät Physik, Technische Universität Dortmund, 44221 Dortmund (Germany); Böhmer, R., E-mail: roland.bohmer@tu-dortmund.de [Fakultät Physik, Technische Universität Dortmund, 44221 Dortmund (Germany); Loerting, T., E-mail: thomas.loerting@uibk.ac.at [Institute of Physical Chemistry, University of Innsbruck, 6020 Innsbruck (Austria)

    2015-10-10

    Highlights: • Two samples of amorphous ices quench-recovered from 140 K to 0.07 GPa are compared. • Calorimetry, X-ray diffraction, dielectric spectroscopy and volumetry are employed. • The two samples are distinct and cannot both be termed “pressure-densified glassy water”. • One route of preparation leads to high- (HDA), and the other to low-density amorphous ice (LDA). • Two distinct glass transitions are observed and interpreted to indicate two liquid H{sub 2}O phases. - Abstract: Recently, our earlier data which led us to conclude that deeply supercooled water displays a second glass transition (Amann-Winkel et al., 2013) was reinterpreted (Johari, 2015). In particular, the increase in heat capacity observed for high-density amorphous ice (HDA) samples at 116 K was reinterpreted to indicate sub-T{sub g} features of low-density amorphous ice's (LDA's) glass transition. We reply to the criticism in detail and report an experiment triggered by the comment on our work. This experiment unequivocally confirms our original interpretation of the observations and reinforces the case for water's second glass transition, its polyamorphism, and the observation of two distinct ultraviscous states of water differing by about 25% in density.

  13. Kosmische Myonen im L3-Detektor

    CERN Document Server

    Saidi, Rachid

    2000-01-01

    Durch die Untersuchung des Mondschattens in der primaren kosmischen Strahlung konnen Informationen uber die Winkelau osung des L3-Detektors gewonnen werden, sowie mit ausreichender Statistik das Verhaltnis von Antiprotonen zu Protonen fur Protonenergien um 1 TeV abgeschatzt werden. Die Bahn der Protonen vom Mond zur Erde wird durch folgende Eekte beein ut: Das Magnetfeld zwischen Mond und Erde lenkt die geladenen Teilchen ab. Fur 1 TeV Protonenenergie wurde ein Wert von 1:70 abgeschatzt. Die Mehrfachstreuung in der 30 m dicken Erdschicht uber L3 verursacht eine Winkelverschmierung von 3.5 mrad fur 100 GeV Myonen. Der Winkel zwischen Proton und den sekundaren Myonen, die durch Wechselwirkung von primaren Kernen mit den oberen Schichten der Atmosphare entstehen, betragt 3 mrad fur 100 GeV Myonen. Die berechnete Winkelau osung dieser Untersuchung fur den L3-Detektor mit verschiedenen Energien betragt einen Wert von 0:170 0:030 fur das starkste Myonschattensignal bei 150 GeV Myonenenergie. Dabei wurde fur den Mon...

  14. Ueber die bildung von lymphzellen bei rhinocricus padbergii (Diplopoda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rudolf Barth

    1968-01-01

    Full Text Available In den aktiven Amoebozyten der Haemolymphe des Diplopoden Rhinocricus padbergii finden sich keine Mitosen oder andere Anzeichen von Zellvermehrung. In Haeutungsstadien findet sich im hinteren Winkel der Doppelsegmente eine Hypodermiszone, von deren Zellen einige amitotisch junge Amoebozyten hervorbringen. Nach der amitotischen Teilung bildet der distale Tochterkern den zukuenftigen Hypodermiszellkern; der proximale teilt sich nochmals amitotisch beide produkte dieses Vorganges umgeben sich mit einem Teil des Protoplasmakoerpers und verlassen, die Basalmembran durchbrechend, das Epithel. Sie bilden neue Amoebozyten. Waehrend alle Organe durch eine Bindegewebsmembran gegen die Haemolymphe abgegrenzt sind, findet sich in dem Raum hinter der Intersegmentalmembran der Segmente keine solche Membran. Diese fasert sich unmittelbar hinter der Intersegmentalmembran schichtenweise auf und bildet eine gitterfoermige Sperre, so dass keine aelteren phagozytierenden Amoebozyten in den hinteren Raum der Segmente gelangen. Durch Muskelkontraktion kann der Raum verkleinert werden, wodurch die jungen Amoebozyten in die Hauptleibeshoehle transportiert werden. Es wird vermutet, dass die Bindegewebsmembran im Sinne von Hoyle (1952 und Twarog und Roeder (1956 die Organe vor ploetzlichen Veraenderungen der Jonenkonzentration und des osmotischen Wertes der Haemolymphe schuetzt; die amoebozytogene Hypodermis ist aus diesem System ausgeschlossen, so dass die jungen Amoebozyten die erwaehnten Schwankungen in der Zusammensetzung der Haemolymphe begleiten koennen.

  15. Determination of the properties of cereal stalks when being bent and cut with the aid of a universal test bench

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrej Batos

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Für die Messung der Biege- und Schnitteigenschaften halmartiger Güter wurde ein Universalprüfstand entworfen. Die mit ihm ermittelten Messwerte dienen der Erstellung von Simulationsmodellen zur Abbildung landtechnischer Schnittprozesse. In der vorliegenden Studie werden Weizenhalme untersucht. Die Schnittversuche erfolgen mit zwei Geschwindigkeiten und zwei Schnittwinkeln. Die Mittelwerte aus jeweils 50 Messungen werden miteinander verglichen. Der Feuchtigkeitsgehalt der Proben liegt zwischen 5,5 und 7,1 %. Die Biegespannungen betragen für das erste Internodium 1,09 N/mm², für das zweite 0,99 N/mm² und für das dritte 1,07 N/mm². Bei den Schnittversuchen tritt die höchste Spannung (4,44 N/mm² beim Schneiden des zweiten Internodiums auf (50 mm/s, 40°. Die niedrigste Spannung (2,20 N/mm² tritt beim Schneiden des dritten Internodiums auf (150 mm/s, 60°. Bis auf eine Ausnahme ist die auf den Probenquerschnitt bezogene Schnittenergie (12,18–19,85 mJ/mm² bei der Auswahl des größeren Winkels höher. Die mittleren Variationskoeffizienten liegen zwischen 5 und 32 %.

  16. Validation Of Key Relationships In An Extended Service-Profit Chain Model In The South Africa Retail Industry Context

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anton M. Verwey

    2003-09-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the study was to evaluate an extended conceptual model depicting hypothesised relationships between employee climate, customer value and financial performance. Questionnaires assessing employee experienced climate and customer-experienced value were completed by all the employees (more than 1200 and more than 2000 customers of a single retail company operating almost 100 stores in Southern Africa. The major findings were that some of the components of employee-experienced climate are positively related to customer experienced value in terms of both product and relationship quality. There was no significant relationship between customer-experienced value and the financial performance of the organisation. OpsommingDie doel van hierdie studie was om ‘n uitgebreide konseptuele model te toets wat gehipotetiseerde verwantskappe voorstel tussen werknemer-ervaarde klimaat, kliënt-ervaarde waarde en finansiële prestasie. Vraelyste wat werknemer-ervaarde klimaat en kliënt-ervaarde waarde meet is voltooi deur meer as 1200 werknemers en meer as 2000 kliënte van ‘n enkele kleinhandelaar wat landwyd byna 100 winkels regoor Suid-Afrika bedryf. Die hoofbevindinge is dat sommige komponente van werknemer-ervaarde klimaat positief verwant is aan kliënt-ervaarde waarde in terme van beide produk en verhoudingsgehalte. Daar was egter geen beduidende verband tussen kliëntervaarde waarde en die finansiële prestasie van die organisasie nie.

  17. Multi-Sensor Approach for the Monitoring of Halitosis Treatment via Lactobacillus brevis (CD2—Containing Lozenges—A Randomized, Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enrico Marchetti

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this randomized clinical trial was to evaluate whether a recently described multi-sensor approach called BIONOTE® is accurate enough to verify the efficacy of treatment of patients with halitosis. A treatment with Lactobacillus brevis (CD2–containing lozenges, compared with placebo was tested. The BIONOTE® was compared with traditional techniques used to detect halitosis: OralChroma™ and two calibrated odor judges enrolled for the organoleptic assessments. Twenty patients (10 treated and 10 placebo, suffering from active phase halitosis were included in the study. Treatment consisted of Lactobacillus brevis (CD2—containing lozenges or placebo, 4 tablets/day for 14 days. t0 was before the beginning of the study; t1 was day 7 and t2 was day 14. The effectiveness of treatment was assessed through: (1 Rosenberg score; (2 Winkel tongue coating index (WTCI anterior and posterior; (2 OralChroma™; (3 the new developed multi-sensor approach, called BIONOTE® (test technique. Only the WTCI anterior revealed statistically significant changes between t0 and t2 data (p = 0.014 in the treated group. Except for the WTCI anterior, all diagnostic methods revealed the lack of effectiveness for halitosis of a 14-days treatment with Lactobacillus brevis (CD2–containing lozenges. The BIONOTE® multisensor system seems accurate in addition to OralChroma™ to assess the initial condition of halitosis and its mitigation during treatment.

  18. Honors

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-01

    More than a dozen AGU members are among 94 researchers announced by U.S. president Barack Obama on 26 September as recipients of the Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers. The award, which is coordinated by the Office of Science and Technology Policy within the Executive Office of the President, is considered the highest honor bestowed by the U.S. government on science and engineering professionals in the early stages of their independent research careers. This year's recipients include Jeffrey Book, Naval Research Laboratory; Jonathan Cirtain, NASA Marshall Space Flight Center; Fotini Katopodes Chow, University of California, Berkeley; Elizabeth Cochran, U.S. Geological Survey (USGS); Ian Howat, Ohio State University; Christiane Jablonowski, University of Michigan; Justin Kasper, Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory; Elena Litchman, Michigan State University; James A. Morris Jr., National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA); Erin M. Oleson, NOAA; Victoria Orphan, California Institute of Technology; Sasha Reed, USGS; David Shelly, USGS; and Feng Wang, University of California, Berkeley. Five AGU members are among 10 U.S. representatives recently selected for International Arctic Science Committee working groups. The AGU members, chosen as representatives through the U.S. National Academies review process, are Atmosphere Working Group member James Overland, Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, NOAA; Cryosphere Working Group members Walter Meier, University of Colorado at Boulder, and Elizabeth Hunke, Los Alamos National Laboratory; Marine Working Group member Mary-Louise Timmermans, Yale University; and Terrestrial Working Group member Vanessa Lougheed, University of Texas at El Paso.

  19. The character in Škola dlja Durakov. From the novel by Saša Sokolov to theatrical adaptations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irina Marchesini

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Sokolov’s Shkola dlya Durakov (A School for Fools, 1976 is an extremely complex novel, which “depicts [the] world”, as D. Barton Johnson (1986:640[1] poignantly observes, “through the eyes, and pure, if eccentric, language, of a schizophrenic youth”. How is it possible to translate such linguistic features and the effects they create into another medium? This question lies at the core of my proposal, which aims to approach the problem of intermedial translation from prose to theatre through the presentation of an individual case-study. In fact, A School for Fools has been staged by the director Andrey Moguchy (Formalny Theatre, Saint Petersburg, Russia. With the intention of reproducing Sokolov’s aesthetic construction of illusion, Moguchy introduces a new genre in the theatrical context, the so-called “vizualnaya associaciya” (“visual association”. As the director explained in a recent interview, this original genre recalls the Impressionists’ position in observing and representing nature, in order to obtain the same effectgenerated by the reading of the novel. To comprehend this process better, special attention is devoted to the construction of unusual, hybrid characters, highlighting their constitutive features both in the novel and in the theatrical adaptation. Moreover, this research seeks to enrich discussion of the work of Sokolov and Moguchy. [1] Johnson, D. Barton (1986 “Sasha Sokolov's Twilight Cosmos: Themes and Motifs”, in: Slavic Review, 45, 4 (Winter 1986, pp. 639-649.

  20. Check-Up of Planet Earth at the Turn of the Millennium Anticipated New Phase in Earth Sciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaufman, Yoram

    1999-01-01

    Langley's remarkable solar and lunar spectra collected from mt. Whitney inspired Arrhenius to develop the first quantitative climate model in 1896. In 1999, NASA's Earth Observing AM Satellite named recently "Terra" (by Ms. Sasha Jones, a 17 year old student in St. Louis, MO) will repeat Langley's experiment, but for the entire planet, thus pioneering calibrated spectral observations from space. Conceived in response to real environmental problems, EOS-AM, in conjunction with other international satellite efforts, will fill a major gap in current efforts by providing quantitative global data sets with a resolution of few kilometers on the physical, chemical and biological elements of the earth system. Thus, like Langley's data, EOS-AM can revolutionize climate research by inspiring a new generation of climate system models and enable us to assess the human impact on the environment. In this talk I shall a give a historical perspective for the need for this expensive mission, give examples of the science that we anticipate to achieve using Terra measurements and describe this exciting mission.

  1. Describing nonequilibrium behavior in strongly correlated materials via dynamical mean-field theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freericks, James

    2010-03-01

    Dynamical mean-field theory was introduced in 1989 and has become one of the most successful methods for solving models of strongly correlated electrons in equilibrium (it becomes exact in the infinite-dimensional limit). In this talk, I show how to generalize dynamical mean-field theory to nonequilibrium situations. For transient response, one discretizes the Kadanoff-Baym-Keldysh contour then solves the discrete problem directly. For steady-state response, one can formulate a theory directly in the long-time limit for the retarded Green's functions. These techniques are applied to the problem of the quenching of Bloch oscillations due to electron-electron interactions and to the problem of time-resolved pump/probe photoemission spectroscopy of strongly correlated electrons when a system is driven to a nonequilibrium steady state and cannot be described by the quasiequilibrium approximation with an effective temperature. This work was completed in collaboration with Tom Devereaux, Sasha Joura, Hulikal Krishnamurthy, Brian Moritz, Thomas Pruschke, Volodomyr Turkowski, and Velko Zlati'c. Recent references include: J. K. Freericks, V. M. Turkowski, and V. Zlati'c, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 266408 (2006); J. K. Freericks, Phys. Rev. B 77, 075109 (2008); A. V.Joura, J. K. Freericks, and Th. Pruschke, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 196401 (2008); J. K. Freericks, H. R. Krishnamurthy and Th. Pruschke, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 136401 (2009); and B. Moritz, T. P. Devereaux, and J. K. Freericks, arXiv:0908.1807.

  2. CT and MRI normal findings; CT- und MRT-Normalbefunde

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moeller, T.B.; Reif, E. [Caritas-Krankenhaus, Dillingen (Germany)

    1998-07-01

    This book gives answers to questions frequently heard especially from trainees and doctors not specialising in the field of radiology: Is that a normal finding? How do I decide? What are the objective criteria? The information presented is three-fold. The normal findings of the usual CT and MRI examinations are shwon with high-quality pictures serving as a reference, with inscribed important additional information on measures, angles and other criteria describing the normal conditions. These criteria are further explained and evaluated in accompanying texts which also teach the systematic approach for individual picture analysis, and include a check list of major aspects, as a didactic guide for learning. The book is primarily intended for students, radiographers, radiology trainees and doctors from other medical fields, but radiology specialists will also find useful details of help in special cases. (orig./CB) [German] Normalbefunde sind die haeufigsten Befunde ueberhaupt. Also kein Problem? Doch. Besonders Radiologen in der Ausbildung und Aerzte aus anderen Fachgebieten stellen sich immer wieder die entscheidende Frage: Ist das normal? Woran kann ich das erkennen? Wie kann ich das objektivieren? Dieses Buch leistet dreierlei: 1. Es zeigt klassische Normalbefunde der gaengigen CT- und MRT-Untersuchungen in hoher Abbildungsqualitaet als Referenz. Direkt in die Aufnahmen eingezeichnet sind wichtige Daten: Masse, Winkel und andere Kriterien des Normalen. Sie werden im Text nochmals zusammengefasst, erklaert und bewertet. 2. Es lehrt die Systematik der Bildbetrachtung - wie schaue ich mir ein Bild an, welche Strukturen betrachte ich in welcher Reihenfolge und worauf muss ich dabei besonders achten? Dies alles in Form einer uebersichtlichen Checkliste zu jeder Aufnahme. 3. Es gibt eine Befundformulierung vor, die sich wiederum an dem Schema der Bildanalyse orientiert, alle Kriterien des Normalen definiert und dadurch auch ein wichtiges didaktisches Element darstellt

  3. Die trauma van tuiste en (niebehoort in Zimbabwe en sy diaspora: ‘Omsettingsversteuring’ in Shadows deur Novuyo Rosa Tshuma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johan U. Jacobs

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Die hernude xenofobiese aanvalle in Maart en April 2015 in Durban, Johannesburg en Kaapstad, die roof, afbrand van huise en winkels, lewensverlies, en vlug van duisende vreemde Afrikane na toevlugskampe, het nie alleen die hele kwessie rondom die Afrika-diaspora in Suid-Afrika na vore gebring nie, maar ook die vraag oor die betekenis van die begrippe ‘tuiste’ en ‘tuisland’ binne ’n diasporiese verband. In Shadows, wat in 2014 met die Herman Charles Bosman-prys bekroon is, beeld die Zimbabwiese skryfster Novuyo Rosa Tshuma die ontwrigte lewensomstandighede in die hedendaagse Zimbabwe uit, asook die hervestiging en dubbele vervreemding van die diasporiese Zimbabwiër-gemeenskap in Suid-Afrika. Die teks bestaan uit ’n novelle, ‘Shadows’, en vyf ander kortverhale, en kan bes beskou word as ’n verhaalsiklus, waarbinne the afsonderlike verhale verbind word deur die tema van diaspora en ook deur ’n aantal herkenbare diasporiese situasies en beelde. Die artikel put uit ‘n reeks opvattings oor diaspora, insluitende die Afrika- en binne-Afrika diaspora, en huidige navorsing oor Zimbabwe en sy diaspora. Die dubbelsinnige begrippe van tuiste en samehorigheid, insluiting en uitsluiting, word ondersoek na aanleiding van Tshuma se uitbeelding van die alledaagse township-lewe in Mugabe se Zimbabwe met sy voedseltekorte, algemene gebrek aan middele, en vernielde ekonomie, en hierteenoor, die randbestaan van die hedendaagse Zimbabwediaspora in Johannesburg met sy gewelddadige vervolging en korrupte magsmisbruike teen onwettige immigrante. Die artikel stel voor dat die psigogeniese toestand van ‘omskakelingsversteuring’, wat Tshuma beklemtoon in een van haar verhale, as ’n metafoor kan dien vir die paradoksale diasporiese vereenselwiging met, en vervreemding van, ’n tuiste, gemeenskap en tuisland in Zimbabwe sowel as in die onvriendelike gasheerland, Suid-Afrika

  4. Effects of tongue cleaning on bacterial flora in tongue coating and dental plaque: a crossover study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matsui, Miki; Chosa, Naoyuki; Shimoyama, Yu; Minami, Kentaro; Kimura, Shigenobu; Kishi, Mitsuo

    2014-01-14

    The effects of tongue cleaning on reconstruction of bacterial flora in dental plaque and tongue coating itself are obscure. We assessed changes in the amounts of total bacteria as well as Fusobacterium nucleatum in tongue coating and dental plaque specimens obtained with and without tongue cleaning. We conducted a randomized examiner-blind crossover study using 30 volunteers (average 23.7 ± 3.2 years old) without periodontitis. After dividing randomly into 2 groups, 1 group was instructed to clean the tongue, while the other did not. On days 1 (baseline), 3, and 10, tongue coating and dental plaque samples were collected after recording tongue coating score (Winkel tongue coating index: WTCI). After a washout period of 3 weeks, the same examinations were performed with the subjects allocated to the alternate group. Genomic DNA was purified from the samples and applied to SYBR® Green-based real-time PCR to quantify the amounts of total bacteria and F. nucleatum. After 3 days, the WTCI score recovered to baseline, though the amount of total bacteria in tongue coating was significantly lower as compared to the baseline. In plaque samples, the bacterial amounts on day 3 and 10 were significantly lower than the baseline with and without tongue cleaning. Principal component analysis showed that variations of bacterial amounts in the tongue coating and dental plaque samples were independent from each other. Furthermore, we found a strong association between amounts of total bacteria and F. nucleatum in specimens both. Tongue cleaning reduced the amount of bacteria in tongue coating. However, the cleaning had no obvious contribution to inhibit dental plaque formation. Furthermore, recovery of the total bacterial amount induced an increase in F. nucleatum in both tongue coating and dental plaque. Thus, it is recommended that tongue cleaning and tooth brushing should both be performed for promoting oral health.

  5. Effects of tongue cleaning on bacterial flora in tongue coating and dental plaque: a crossover study

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    Background The effects of tongue cleaning on reconstruction of bacterial flora in dental plaque and tongue coating itself are obscure. We assessed changes in the amounts of total bacteria as well as Fusobacterium nucleatum in tongue coating and dental plaque specimens obtained with and without tongue cleaning. Methods We conducted a randomized examiner-blind crossover study using 30 volunteers (average 23.7 ± 3.2 years old) without periodontitis. After dividing randomly into 2 groups, 1 group was instructed to clean the tongue, while the other did not. On days 1 (baseline), 3, and 10, tongue coating and dental plaque samples were collected after recording tongue coating score (Winkel tongue coating index: WTCI). After a washout period of 3 weeks, the same examinations were performed with the subjects allocated to the alternate group. Genomic DNA was purified from the samples and applied to SYBR® Green-based real-time PCR to quantify the amounts of total bacteria and F. nucleatum. Results After 3 days, the WTCI score recovered to baseline, though the amount of total bacteria in tongue coating was significantly lower as compared to the baseline. In plaque samples, the bacterial amounts on day 3 and 10 were significantly lower than the baseline with and without tongue cleaning. Principal component analysis showed that variations of bacterial amounts in the tongue coating and dental plaque samples were independent from each other. Furthermore, we found a strong association between amounts of total bacteria and F. nucleatum in specimens both. Conclusions Tongue cleaning reduced the amount of bacteria in tongue coating. However, the cleaning had no obvious contribution to inhibit dental plaque formation. Furthermore, recovery of the total bacterial amount induced an increase in F. nucleatum in both tongue coating and dental plaque. Thus, it is recommended that tongue cleaning and tooth brushing should both be performed for promoting oral health. PMID:24423407

  6. Injury of the ankle joint ligaments; Bandverletzungen des Sprunggelenks

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Breitenseher, M.J. [Institut fuer Radiologie, Landesklinikum Waldviertel Horn, Horn (Austria); Karl Landsteiner Institut, St. Poelten (Austria)

    2007-03-15

    The diagnosis of lateral collateral ankle ligament trauma is based on patient history, clinical examination and clinical stress tests. If the clinical stress test is positive, stress radiography can be performed. There is, however, no consensus about the usefulness of stress radiography in acute ankle sprain, and in particular about the cut-off talar tilt angle beyond which a two-ligament rupture would be certain, ranging from 5 to 30 . Today, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is not used in this area, although it does allow controlled positioning of the foot and defined section visualization of injured lateral collateral ankle ligaments. In acute and chronic sinus tarsi injuries, MRI forms the established basis for diagnostic imaging, and can provide a definitive answer in most cases. MRI is also the method of choice for chronic posttraumatic pain with anterolateral impingement after rupture of the anterior talofibular ligament. Generally, for the evaluation of acute ankle injuries, MRI has developed to be the most important second-step procedure when projection radiology is non-diagnostic. (orig.) [German] Die Diagnose einer lateralen Bandverletzung nach einem Sprunggelenktrauma basiert auf der Anamnese, der klinischen Untersuchung und klinischen Stresstests. Bei positiven klinischen Stresstests kann eine Stressradiographie durchgefuehrt werden. Es gibt keine Uebereinstimmung hinsichtlich des Stellenwerts der Stressradiographie beim frischen Supinationstrauma des Sprunggelenks, insbesondere fuer den Winkel der Aufklappbarkeit bei einer Zweibandverletzung, der von 5 -30 reicht. Die MRT wird bei dieser Indikation zurzeit nur in Einzelfaellen benutzt, obwohl sie mit definierter Fusspositionierung und Ausrichtung der Untersuchungsebene eine ausgezeichnete Beurteilung der Sprunggelenkbaender erlaubt. Sie ist im besonderen Masse geeignet, akute und chronische Verletzungen des Sinus tarsi zu beurteilen. Bei chronischen Beschwerden nach Bandverletzung ist die MRT zur

  7. APS Science 2009.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gibson, J. M; Mills, D. M.; Gerig, R.

    2010-05-01

    ), the challenge of sustainable energy provides an opportunity for expanded involvement with industrial research. We were privileged to recruit several outstanding new leaders at the APS. Linda Young, from Argonne's Chemical Sciences Division, became the new Director of the X-ray Science Division (XSD). Chris Jacobsen (from Stony Brook University) has been added to Linda's team as an XSD Associate Division Director, joining George Srajer. Alexander (Sasha) Zholents (formerly of Berkeley Lab) became Director of the Accelerator Systems Division. Sasha is the inventor of the short-pulse x-ray scheme that we plan to implement in the APS-U to obtain very high average brightness, broadband, 1-ps x-ray pulses. Walter Lowe (formerly of Howard University) has taken a new position as senior advisor for outreach and development of the user community. Walter's role is to increase the diversity of the user community (with diversity read broadly to include users, institutions, and technical disciplines that are underrepresented at APS). Walter is also leading an effort to increase access for industrial users. I am confident that we have in place a great team to help our users and the APS take fullest advantage of the APS-U opportunity. In planning with users for the proposed APS-U, we focused on the need to study 'real materials under real conditions in real time' on spatial and temporal scales unavailable today. Only by studying materials as they are made-or as they perform-in difficult environments can we solve the grand challenge of higher-performance, sustainable materials for energy and health. The proposed APS-U will improve the brightness of penetrating x-rays produced by the APS over 100 times, and support our efforts in developing state-of-the-art instruments to address these challenges.

  8. Seismic hazard assessment in the Catania and Siracusa urban areas (Italy) through different approaches

    Science.gov (United States)

    Panzera, Francesco; Lombardo, Giuseppe; Rigano, Rosaria

    2010-05-01

    The seismic hazard assessment (SHA) can be performed using either Deterministic or Probabilistic approaches. In present study a probabilistic analysis was carried out for the Catania and Siracusa towns using two different procedures: the 'site' (Albarello and Mucciarelli, 2002) and the 'seismotectonic' (Cornell 1968; Esteva, 1967) methodologies. The SASHA code (D'Amico and Albarello, 2007) was used to calculate seismic hazard through the 'site' approach, whereas the CRISIS2007 code (Ordaz et al., 2007) was adopted in the Esteva-Cornell procedure. According to current international conventions for PSHA (SSHAC, 1997), a logic tree approach was followed to consider and reduce the epistemic uncertainties, for both seismotectonic and site methods. The code SASHA handles the intensity data taking into account the macroseismic information of past earthquakes. CRISIS2007 code needs, as input elements, a seismic catalogue tested for completeness, a seismogenetic zonation and ground motion predicting equations. Data concerning the characterization of regional seismic sources and ground motion attenuation properties were taken from the literature. Special care was devoted to define source zone models, taking into account the most recent studies on regional seismotectonic features and, in particular, the possibility of considering the Malta escarpment as a potential source. The combined use of the above mentioned approaches allowed us to obtain useful elements to define the site seismic hazard in Catania and Siracusa. The results point out that the choice of the probabilistic model plays a fundamental role. It is indeed observed that when the site intensity data are used, the town of Catania shows hazard values higher than the ones found for Siracusa, for each considered return period. On the contrary, when the Esteva-Cornell method is used, Siracusa urban area shows higher hazard than Catania, for return periods greater than one hundred years. The higher hazard observed

  9. George Baldessin’s first view of the city: The formative influence of the Italian sculptor Alik Cavaliere on George Baldessin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victoria Perin

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available In Sasha Grishin’s 2014 book, Australian art: a history, he begins his discussion of printmaker-sculptor George Baldessin (1939-1978 with a statement about the artist’s migration to Australia. While this is appropriate, as Baldessin’s art is intimately involved with his relationship to ‘place’, extensive biographical interpretations have meant that the consequences of Baldessin’s life have long overshadowed the consequences of his art. After travelling to Milan in 1962 to study with the internationally renowned Marino Marini, Baldessin found himself under the tutelage of Marini’s lesser-known studio assistant, Alik Cavaliere (1926-1998. Cavaliere’s phenomenological philosophy, which informed his approach to sculpture, formed a foundational basis for Baldessin’s later work in Australia. After his return from Milan, the young artist created works that were derivative of Cavaliere. This was contemporary Milanese art, Melbourne style. Over time this influence became less obvious, and Baldessin slowly transformed Cavaliere’s approach into something idiosyncratic and deeply personal. Yet the basic tenets of Cavaliere’s philosophy remain traceable in Baldessin’s most admired work, the installation produced for the 1975 São Paulo Biennial – the sculpture Occasional screens with seating arrangement with the print suite Occasional images from a city chamber. Cavaliere’s advocacy for works which simulated ‘place’ and being-in-the-world struck a chord with Baldessin. Not least because Baldessin was raised relatively close to Milan, a truth he often obscured.

  10. How is adult patient adherence recorded in orthodontists’ clinical notes? A mixed-method case-note study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Al Shammary N

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Nawaf Al Shammary,1 Koula Asimakopoulou,1 Fraser McDonald,2 Jonathon T Newton,1 Sasha Scambler1 1Division of Population and Patient Health, 2Craniofacial Development and Stem Cell Biology Department, King’s College London Dental Institute, London, UKBackground: Patient adherence in orthodontic treatment is extremely important as it is linked with better treatment outcomes. Despite its importance, however, there is no shared definition of the concept. This makes the recording of adherence-related behaviors in patient notes difficult. The current study explored how, and to what extent adherence is recorded in adult patients’ medical records by orthodontists working in a large National Health Service (NHS London hospital.Materials and methods: A mixed-methods approach was used. A total of 17 clinicians with a mean age of 31 years (SD =4.87 provided N=20 case notes spanning N=324 appointments with patients they judged to be non-adherent. The notes were inspected for evidence of recording of patient adherence using adherence indicators identified in the literature.Results: The term “adherence” did not feature in any notes. The quantitative analysis showed that the three most frequent adherence-related behaviors recorded in notes were “oral hygiene,” “appointment attendance” and “breakages of appliances.” Qualitative analysis not only confirmed these factors but also showed that 1 the clinical aspects of treatment, 2 clinician–patient interaction factors and 3 patient attitudes also featured. This part of the analysis also highlighted inconsistencies across case notes in terms of the amount of information being recorded.Conclusion: Adherence as a term does not feature in the clinical case notes of clinician-identified non-adherent adult patients, while predictors of adherence are recorded with varying degrees of consistency. Keywords: adherence, adults, orthodontic treatment

  11. Bartender: a fast and accurate clustering algorithm to count barcode reads.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Lu; Liu, Zhimin; Levy, Sasha F; Wu, Song

    2017-10-23

    Barcode sequencing (bar-seq) is a high-throughput, and cost effective method to assay large numbers of cell lineages or genotypes in complex cell pools. Because of its advantages, applications for bar-seq are quickly growing - from using neutral random barcodes to study the evolution of microbes or cancer, to using pseudo-barcodes, such as shRNAs or sgRNAs to simultaneously screen large numbers of cell perturbations. However, the computational pipelines for bar-seq clustering are not well developed. Available methods often yield a high frequency of under-clustering artifacts that result in spurious barcodes, or over-clustering artifacts that group distinct barcodes together. Here, we developed Bartender, an accurate clustering algorithm to detect barcodes and their abundances from raw next-generation sequencing data. In contrast with existing methods that cluster based on sequence similarity alone, Bartender uses a modified two-sample proportion test that also considers cluster size. This modification results in higher accuracy and lower rates of under- and over-clustering artifacts. Additionally, Bartender includes unique molecular identifier (UMI) handling and a "multiple time point" mode that matches barcode clusters between different clustering runs for seamless handling of time course data. Bartender is a set of simple-to-use command line tools that can be performed on a laptop at comparable run times to existing methods. Bartender is available at no charge for non-commercial use at https://github.com/LaoZZZZZ/bartender-1.1. song.wu@stonybrook.edu, sasha.levy@stonybrook.edu. Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online.

  12. Optimal management of orthodontic pain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Topolski F

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available Francielle Topolski,1 Alexandre Moro,1,2 Gisele Maria Correr,3 Sasha Cristina Schimim1 1Department of Orthodontics, Positivo University, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil; 2Department of Orthodontics, Federal University of Paraná, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil; 3Department of Restorative Dentistry, Positivo University, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil Abstract: Pain is an undesirable side effect of orthodontic tooth movement, which causes many patients to give up orthodontic treatment or avoid it altogether. The aim of this study was to investigate, through an analysis of the scientific literature, the best method for managing orthodontic pain. The methodological aspects involved careful definition of keywords and diligent search in databases of scientific articles published in the English language, without any restriction of publication date. We recovered 1281 articles. After the filtering and classification of these articles, 56 randomized clinical trials were selected. Of these, 19 evaluated the effects of different types of drugs for the control of orthodontic pain, 16 evaluated the effects of low-level laser therapy on orthodontic pain, and 21 evaluated other methods of pain control. Drugs reported as effective in orthodontic pain control included ibuprofen, paracetamol, naproxen sodium, aspirin, etoricoxib, meloxicam, piroxicam, and tenoxicam. Most studies report favorable outcomes in terms of alleviation of orthodontic pain with the use of low-level laser therapy. Nevertheless, we noticed that there is no consensus, both for the drug and for laser therapy, on the doses and clinical protocols most appropriate for orthodontic pain management. Alternative methods for orthodontic pain control can also broaden the clinician’s range of options in the search for better patient care. Keywords: tooth movement, pain control, drug therapy, laser therapy

  13. COMMITTEES: LISA 7 Science Organizing Committee and Local Organizing Committee LISA 7 Science Organizing Committee and Local Organizing Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-05-01

    Science Organising Committee (SOC) Pierre Binetruy, APC - College de France Massimo Cerdonio, University of Padova Karsten Danzmann, AEI/University of Hannover Mike Cruise, University of Birmingham Jim Hough, University of Glasgow Oliver Jennrich, ESTEC Philippe Jetzer, University Zurich Alberto Lobo (Chair), ICE-CSIC and IEEC Yannick Mellier, IAP, Paris Bernard Schutz, AEI Potsdam Tim Sumner, Imperial College, London Jean-Yves Vinet, OCA, Nice Stefano Vitale, University of Trento Peter Bender, University of Colorado Sasha Buchman, Stanford University Joan Centrella, NASA/Goddard Neil Cornish, Montana State University Curt Cutler, NASA/JPL Sam Finn, Penn State University Jens Gundlach, NPL Craig Hogan, University of Washington Scott Hughes, MIT Piero Madau, Lick Observatory Tom Prince, NASA/JPL Sterl Phinney, Caltech Doug Richstone, University of Michigan Tuck Stebbins, NASA/Goddard Kip Thorne, Caltech Roger Blandford, Stanford University Eugenio Coccia, University of Roma-2 Carlos F Sopuerta,ICE-CSIC and IEEC Enrique Garcia-Berro, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Barcelona Seiji Kawamura, National Observatory, Japan Jay Marx, LIGO Laboratory Stephen Merkowitz, NASA/Goddard Benoit Mours, Laboratoire d'Annec Gijs Nelemans, IMAPP, Nijmegen Enric Verdaguer, University of Barcelona Clifford M Will, Washington University, St Louis Local Organising Committee (LOC) Anna Bertolín (IEEC) Priscilla Cañizares (ICE-CSIC and IEEC) Carlos F Sopuerta (ICE-CSIC and IEEC) Ivan Lloro (ICE-CSIC and IEEC),Chair Alberto Lobo (ICE-CSIC and IEEC) Nacho Mateos (ICE-CSIC and IEEC) Pilar Montes (IEEC) Miquel Nofrarias (IEEC) Juan Ramos-Castro (Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya) Josep Sanjuán (IEEC)

  14. Tissue-specific direct microtransfer of nanomaterials into Drosophila embryos as a versatile in vivo test bed for nanomaterial toxicity assessment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vega-Alvarez S

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Sasha Vega-Alvarez,1 Adriana Herrera,2 Carlos Rinaldi,2–4 Franklin A Carrero-Martínez1,5 1Department of Biology, 2Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Puerto Rico-Mayagüez, Mayagüez, Puerto Rico; 3J Crayton Pruitt Family Department of Biomedical Engineering, 4Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA; 5Department of Anatomy and Neuroscience, University of Puerto Rico, Medical Sciences Campus, San Juan, Puerto Rico Abstract: Nanomaterials are the subject of intense research, focused on their synthesis, modification, and biomedical applications. Increased nanomaterial production and their wide range of applications imply a higher risk of human and environmental exposure. Unfortunately, neither environmental effects nor toxicity of nanomaterials to organisms are fully understood. Cost-effective, rapid toxicity assays requiring minimal amounts of materials are needed to establish both their biomedical potential and environmental safety standards. Drosophila exemplifies an efficient and cost-effective model organism with a vast repertoire of in vivo tools and techniques, all with high-throughput scalability and screening feasibility throughout its life cycle. Here we report tissue specific nanomaterial assessment through direct microtransfer into target tissues. We tested several nanomaterials with potential biomedical applications such as single-wall carbon nanotubes, multiwall carbon nanotubes, silver, gold, titanium dioxide, and iron oxide nanoparticles. Assessment of nanomaterial toxicity was conducted by evaluating progression through developmental morphological milestones in Drosophila. This cost-effective assessment method is amenable to high-throughput screening. Keywords: nanotoxicity, Drosophila, microtransfer, nanoparticle, iron oxide, silver, gold, titanium dioxide, carbon nanotube

  15. La{sub 0,7}Sr{sub 0,3}MnO{sub 3} thin layers on SrTiO{sub 3}(001) substrate. Structure and Mn valence; La{sub 0,7}Sr{sub 0,3}MnO{sub 3}-Duennschichten auf SrTiO{sub 3}(001)-Substrat. Struktur und Mn-Wertigkeit

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Riedl, Thomas

    2007-07-01

    nadelfoermigen Zwillingsdomaenen besteht. Aus hochaufgeloesten Raster-TEM-Abbildungen mit den unter grossem Winkel gestreuten Elektronen geht hervor, dass die LSMO/STO-Grenzflaechen eine kohaerente, gelegentlich mit Elementarzellenstufen versehene Gitterstruktur aufweisen. Insbesondere vermitteln die Stufen (Einfach- und Mehrfachstufen) die wellige Struktur der LSMO/STO-Multilagen. Schliesslich wird gezeigt, dass die mit konvergenter Beugung bestimmte Fehlorientierung zwischen LSMO-Schicht und STO-Substrat bei geringer Dicke der TEM-Lamelle die erwartete Netzebenenneigung der Zwillinge uebersteigt. Dafuer wird eine nachtraegliche Relaxation der LSMO-Schicht waehrend der Ionenduennung verantwortlich gemacht. (orig.)

  16. MRI of the lateral ankle ligaments: value of three-dimensional orientation; MR-Diagnostik der lateralen Sprunggelenksbaender: Bedeutung der dreidimensionalen Orientierung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mayerhoefer, M.E.; Breitenseher, M.J. [Univ.-Klinik fuer Radiodiagnostik, Klinische Abt. Radiodiagnostik fuer Chirurgische Faecher, Univ. Wien (Austria); Univ.-Klinik fuer Radiodiagnostik, Klinische Abt. fuer Osteologie, Univ. Wien (Austria); Zentrum fuer Biomedizin, Univ. Krems (Austria); Ludwig-Boltzmann-Inst. fuer klinische und experimentelle Radiologie, Univ. Wien (Austria)

    2003-05-01

    Purpose: To determine the three-dimensional orientation of the lateral ankle ligaments with MRI. Materials and Methods: Twenty healthy volunteers without previous injury to the ankle were included in the study. With the right ankle in the normal anatomic position stabilized in a splint, coronal T2-weighted spin-echo sequences (TSE) were obtained. The three-dimensional orientation was determined by placing paths through the ligaments and by measuring the angles between corresponding tangents and the three main imaging planes. Results: Using the calculated angles, full-length visualization of the lateral ligaments of the ankle was achieved. The angles deviating from the axial imaging plane were 18.0 degrees for the anterior talofibular ligament, 52.3 degrees for the calcaneofibular ligament and 28.2 degrees for the posterior talofibular ligament. Conclusion: MRI enables the exact determination of the three-dimensional orientation of the lateral ankle ligaments. Orienting the imaging planes according to the calculated angular deviation allows the full-length visualization of the ligaments and is the basis for optimal imaging of the lateral ankle ligaments. (orig.) [German] Ziel: Ziel war es, die dreidimensionale Orientierung der lateralen Baender des Sprunggelenks mit Hilfe der Magnetresonanztomographie zu bestimmen. Methoden: 20 freiwillige Probanden ohne Anamnese einer Sprunggelenksverletzung wurden in die Studie eingeschlossen. Die rechten Sprunggelenke wurden mit Hilfe einer Schiene in der anatomischen Normalstellung fixiert. Dann wurden koronale T{sub 2}-Spinechoechosequenzen (TSE) angefertigt. Die dreidimensionale Orientierung wurde mit Hilfe von Pfaden durch die Baender bestimmt, indem die Winkel zwischen den drei Hauptebenen und an die Pfade angelegten Tangenten ermittelt wurden. Ergebnisse: Mit den gemessenen Winkeln konnten die Baender in ihrem gesamten Verlauf in einer Schicht dargestellt werden. Die Abweichungen von der axialen Hauptebene betrugen fuer das

  17. Three-dimensional digital rotation angiography for embolization therapy of uterine leiomyomas: first results; Dreidimensionale digitale Rotationsangiographie in der Embolisationstherapie von Uterusmyomen: Erste Erfahrungen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bucek, R.A.; Reiter, M.; Dirisamer, A.; Kettenbach, J.; Lammer, J. [Universitaetsklinik fuer Radiodiagnostik, Abt. fuer Angiographie und interventionelle Radiologie, AKH Wien (Austria)

    2004-07-01

    uterina, weiterhin verglichen wir die Strahlenbelastung mit Daten von 48 Patientinnen mit Standardangiographie. Resultate: Die Analyse ergab keinen einheitlichen Winkel, der fuer einen ''Erstversuch'' in der Standardangiographie zu empfehlen ist. Weiterhin fanden wir keine statistisch signifikanten Differenzen bezueglich der Durchleuchtungszeit, des Dosis-Flaechen-Produktes und der verabreichten Kontrastmittelmenge zwischen den beiden Gruppen (p > 0,05). Schlussfolgerungen: Zusammenfassend koennen wir sagen, dass die 3-D-RDSA ein einfach anzuwendendes Ergaenzungstool ist, das die Sondierung der Arteria uterina - vor allem bei Patientinnen mit komplexer Beckengefaessanatomie - erleichtert und somit das Potenzial zur zukuenftigen Reduktion der Strahlendosis und applizierten Kontrastmittelmenge in der transarteriellen Embolisationstherapie bei symptomatischen Uterusmyomen hat. (orig.)

  18. Acute injury of the ankle joint; Akutes Trauma des Sprunggelenks

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Breitenseher, M.J. [Univ. Klinik fuer Radiodiagnostik, Abt. fuer Osteologie und Besondere Klinische Einrichtung Magnet Resonanz, AKH, Wien (Austria)]|[Ludwig-Boltzmann-Institut fuer Radiologisch-Physikalische Tumordiagnostik, Vienna (Austria)

    1999-01-01

    The diagnosis of lateral collateral ankle ligament trauma is based on patient history, clinical examination, and clinical stress tests. If the clinical stress test is positive, stress radiography could be performed. There is no consensus about the usefulness of stress radiography in acute ankle sprain, particularly about the cut-off talar tilt angle beyond which a two-ligament rupture would be certain, ranging from 5 to 30 . Today MRI is not used for this indication, although it allows, with controlled positioning of the foot and with defined sections, visualization of injured lateral collateral ankle ligaments. In ankle injuries, plain radiographs form the established basis of diagnostic imaging and can provide definitive answers in most cases. CT is used in complex fractures for complete visualization. MRI is the method of choice for several diagnostic problem cases, including occult fractures and post-traumatic avascular necrosis. In tendon injuries, MRI is important if ultrasound is not diagnostic. Generally, for the evaluation of acute ankle injuries, MRI is the most important second-step procedure when radiographs are nondiagnostic. (orig.) [Deutsch] Die Diagnose einer lateralen Bandverletzung beim frischen Sprunggelenkstrauma fusst auf der Anamnese, der klinischen Untersuchung und klinischen Stresstests. Bei positiven klinischen Stresstests kann eine Stressradiographie durchgefuehrt werden. Es gibt keine Uebereinstimmung fuer den Wert der Stressradiographie beim frischen Supinationstrauma des Sprunggelenks, insbesonders fuer den Winkel der Aufklappbarkeit bei einer Zweibandverletzung, der von 5 -30 reicht. Die MRT wird zur Zeit bei dieser Indikation nur in Einzelfaellen benutzt, obwohl sie mit definierter Fusspositionierung und Ausrichtung der Untersuchungsebene eine ausgezeichnete Beurteilung der Sprunggelenksbaende erlaubt. Bei knoecherner Sprunggelenksverletzungen ist die Verwendung des konventionellen Roentgen die etablierte Methode und meist

  19. Radiologic assessment of the outcome of Keller and Brandes arthroplasty for hallux rigidus; Hallux rigidus operiert nach Keller und Brandes: Radiologische Erfolgs- und Prognoseparameter

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Breitenseher, M.J. [Abt. fuer Osteologie, Universitaetsklinik fueer Radiodiagnostik und Besondere Klinische Einrichtung Magnet Resonanz, Wien (Austria)]|[Ludwig-Boltzmann-Institut fuer Radiologische Tumordiagnostik, Wien (Austria); Toma, C.D. [Universitaetsklinik fuer Orthopaedie, Wien (Austria); Gottsauner-Wolf, F. [Universitaetsklinik fuer Orthopaedie, Wien (Austria); Imhof, H. [Abt. fuer Osteologie, Universitaetsklinik fueer Radiodiagnostik und Besondere Klinische Einrichtung Magnet Resonanz, Wien (Austria)]|[Ludwig-Boltzmann-Institut fuer Radiologische Tumordiagnostik, Wien (Austria)

    1996-06-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the pre- and postoperative radiographic findings of hallux rigidus treated with Keller and Brandes arthroplasty to determine the radiographic outcome and to identify a prognostic marker. 83 patients with a total of 121 cases of hallux rigidus operated using Keller and Brandes arthroplasty were followed up (mean 9.7 y). A comparison of the pre- and postoperative radiographs, the clinical and subjective findings was predicated on a five point scale: 1. Percentage of proximal phalanx resected (<33%, 33-50%, >50%), 2. joint space, 3. ratio of the length of the first and second metatarsals, 4. first intermetatarsal angle, and 5. hallux valgus angle. In the patient group which had 33-50% of the proximal phalanx excised (n=67. 55%) the highest patient satisfaction was observed (96%). If resection of the proximal phalanx exceeded 50% (n=13. 11%), non physiologic dorsiflexion of the toe occurred and patients were unsatisfied (62%). Excision of less than 33% of the hallux (n=41. 34%) was associated with a recurrent hallux rigidus. No other evaluated radiological parameter proved to be of significance. The most important radiological parameter in the evaluation of the outcome of Keller and Brandes arthroplasty as the percentage of the proximal phalanx which had ben excised. (orig.) [Deutsch] Ziel der Studie war es, auf prae- und postoperativen Roentgenbildern des Hallux rigidus radiologische Parameter zu ermitteln, die den Erfolg der Arthroplastik nach Keller und Brandes abschaetzen und von prognostischer Relevanz sind. 121 Hallux-rigidus-Operationen bei 83 Patienten wurden nachuntersucht (9,7 a). 5 Kriterien wurden an den prae- und postoperativen Roentgenbildern ausgewertet: 1. Anteil der Grosszehengrundgliedresektion in Prozent (<33%, 33-50%, >50%), 2. Gelenkspaltbreite, 3. Laengenverhaeltnis von erstem und zweitem Metartasalknochen, 4. erster Intermetatarsalwinkel und 5. Hallux-valgus-Winkel und mit den klinischen Ergebnissen

  20. Dental CT in the planning of surgery. Role in the oromaxillofacial area from the dentist's point of view; Dental-CT zur Planung chirurgischer Eingriffe. Bedeutung im oro-maxillofazialen Bereich aus zahnaerztlicher Sicht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Solar, P. [Universitaetsklinik fuer Zahn-, Mund- und Kieferheilkunde Wien (Austria). Abt. fuer Orale Chirurgie; Gahleitner, A. [Universitaetsklinik fuer Radiodiagnostik Wien (Austria). Abt. fuer Osteologie

    1999-12-01

    moderner Telekommunikationssysteme auch erleichtert wird. Dental-CT hat primaer dort ihre Aufgabe, wo klinische und konventionell radiologische Verfahren keine exakte Beurteilbarkeit der Situation ermoeglichen. Vor allem in der modernen Implantologie ergeben sich durch den Einsatz spezieller Computerprogramme Moeglichkeiten der Operationsplanung, welche mit zweidimensionalen Roentgenverfahren nicht moeglich sind. Die Anforderungen von zahnaerzlich-implantologischer Seite an das Roentgen sind: Klare Darstellung der aeusseren Knochenkonturen und des Mandibularkanals, eindeutige raeumliche Zuordnung der einzelnen Schnittbilder zueinander, Verzerrungsfreiheit in den orthoradialen Ebenen (Schnittebenen tatsaechlich im rechten Winkel auf die aeusseren Tangenten), Vermessbarkeit und Ausgabenmoeglichkeit auf einem Bildtraeger ohne Qualitaetsverlust. (orig.)

  1. High-field MR imaging of the temporomandibular joint using an optimized imaging technique; Hochfeld-Magnetresonanztomographie des Temporomandibulargelenks mit optimierter Untersuchungstechnik

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Siewert, C. [Strahlenklinik und Poliklinik, Universitaetsklinikum Rudolf Virchow, Standort Wedding, Freie Univ. Berlin (Germany); Vogl, T.J. [Strahlenklinik und Poliklinik, Universitaetsklinikum Rudolf Virchow, Standort Wedding, Freie Univ. Berlin (Germany); Liokumowitsch, M. [Abt. fuer Mund-, Kiefer- und Gesichtschirurgie, Universitaetsklinikum Rudolf Virchow, Standort Wedding, Freie Univ. Berlin (Germany); Heissler, E. [Abt. fuer Mund-, Kiefer- und Gesichtschirurgie, Universitaetsklinikum Rudolf Virchow, Standort Wedding, Freie Univ. Berlin (Germany); Hosten, N. [Strahlenklinik und Poliklinik, Universitaetsklinikum Rudolf Virchow, Standort Wedding, Freie Univ. Berlin (Germany); Maeurer, J. [Strahlenklinik und Poliklinik, Universitaetsklinikum Rudolf Virchow, Standort Wedding, Freie Univ. Berlin (Germany); Felix, R. [Strahlenklinik und Poliklinik, Universitaetsklinikum Rudolf Virchow, Standort Wedding, Freie Univ. Berlin (Germany)

    1993-12-31

    In four healthy volunteers and eleven patients both temporomandibular joints (TMJ) were simultaneously imaged with MR imaging. All patients had conventional radiographs prior to MR imaging. MR imaging was performed at high field using a TMJ double coil for simultaneous investigation of both joints. Proton density weighted images (TR, TE=1000/15 ms) were obtained with closed and open mouth position. To improve the evaluation of soft tissue changes, namely discal lesions, the individual angle of the condylar head of the mandibula was considered when the imaging planes were selected (approximately 10 sagitto-coronal angulation). There were 15 cases of internal derangement with and without subluxation of the meniscus (open mouth position). In addition, a case of posttraumatic hemorrhage in the bilaminar zone as well as a case of degenerative osseous changes of the TMJ were diagnosed. MR images not only showed soft tissue changes but also osseous changes could nicely be diagnosed. When compared to conventional radiographs, MR imaging was superior in showing soft tissue changes, namely lesions of the meniscus and osteonecrosis. Conventional tomography is a valuable technique to show osseous changes of the TMJ. (orig.) [Deutsch] Bei 4 Probanden und 11 Patienten wurde mit Hilfe der Magnetresonanztomographie (MRT) eine Simultanuntersuchung beider Temporomandibulargelenke (TMJ) durchgefuehrt. Bei allen Patienten wurden konventionelle Roentgenaufnahmen angefertigt. Die MR-Tomographie erfolgte in einem Hochfeld-Magnetresonanztomographen mit einer TMJ-Dualspule zur simultanen Untersuchung beider Temporomandibulargelenke mit protonengewichteten Sequenzen (TR/TE=1000/15 msec) bei offenem und geschlossenem Mund. Um die Beurteilbarkeit der Weichteilveraenderungen, besonders der Diskuslaesionen zu verbessern, wurde der individuelle Winkel der Mandibularkondylen (ca. 10 sagittocoronale Winkelung) bei der Wahl der Schichtebenen durch das Kiefergelenk beruecksichtigt. Neben dem

  2. Solution of multiple trait animal models with missing data on some traits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ducrocq, V; Besbes, B

    1993-01-12

    é (2 ` 3 fois plus rapide que la transformation triangulaire) et quand un grand nombre de caractères sont considérés simultanément. ZUSAMMENFASSUNG: Lósung bei Mehrmerkmalsmodellen und teilweise fehlenden Daten bei einzelnen Merkmalen Beim Mehrmerkmal-Tiermodell können mehrere Transformationen (kanonisch, Winkel, kombiniert) zur Reduktion der Gleichungszahl oder zur Steigerung der null Elemente verwendet werden. Eine einfache Methode, die auf EM-Schlußfolgerungen beruht und fehlende Beobachtungen mit ihren Erwartungswerten (aufgrund gegebener Parameter) ersetzt, gestattet Verwendung kanonischer Transformation bei teilweise fehlenden Daten und vernachlässigbarer Selektion. Das Konvergenzverhalten verschiedener Ansätze wurde an realem Datenmaterial mit simulierten Fehlmustern verglichen. Die erweiterte Transformation ist immer besser als die Winkeltransformation, und diese kanonische Transformation führt hinsichtlich CPU-Zeit zur schnellsten Konvergenz, besonders wenn ein reduziertes Tiermodell mit mehreren Merkmalen verwendet wurde (2- bis 3 mal schneller als Winkeltransformation). 1993 Blackwell Verlag GmbH.

  3. Effects of trypsin on cellular, chromosomal and DNA damage induced by X-rays

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sprunt, Elizabeth A.

    When cells are trypsinized before irradiation, potentiation of cell killing is seen; this is known as the 'trypsin effect'. The trypsin effect is re-examined here in the light of experiments in which enzymatic modifications of DNA in permeabilized cells has become a powerful experimental tool (Bryant et al, 1978, Ahnstrom and Bryant,1982; Natarajan et al, 1980; Bryant, 1984, 1985; Natarajan and Obe, 1984) and where in some cases it is suspected that trypsinization as part of the technique could significantly alter cell membrane permeability and chromatin structure (Obe et al, 1985; Obe and Winkel, 1985; Bryant and Christie, 1989). The trypsin effect was investigated at various cellular levels, assaying for cell survival (to verify the potentiation), anaphase chromosomal aberrations, DNA damage and repair and lastly using a nucleoid assay to investigate the effect of trypsin on DNA-nuclear matrix interactions. Each of these are considered in separate chapters as individual studies, then all compared in the final discussion. A small potentiation effect of X-ray damage on cell killing was seen when using Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cells but no potentiating effect was found in the murine Ehrlich ascites tumour (EAT) cell line. Trypsinization was found to increase the number of X-ray induced chromosomal anaphase abnormalities in EAT cells. To investigate the possibility that the basis of the trypsin effect lies in its action at the DNA level, further experiments were performed to monitor DNA damage and repair using the DNA unwinding and neutral elution techniques. No difference was seen in the unwinding kinetics or in the DNA unwinding dose-effect curves for induction of DNA single strand breakage (ssb); when using neutral elution however. treatment of cells with trypsin or buffer alone increased the incidence of X-ray induced double strand breaks (dsb) at higher doses. Trypsinized EAT cells were found to repair ssb after 12 Gy less rapidly than those treated with

  4. Use of regenerative energy sources and hydrogen technology. Proceedings; Nutzung regenerativer Energiequellen und Wasserstofftechnik 2008. Tagungsband

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Luschtinetz, Thomas; Lehmann, Jochen (eds.)

    2008-07-01

    biomass and low temperature waste heat (W. Nowak, A. Borsukiewicz-Gozdur, A.A. Stachel); (17) Opportunities for small and medium sized enterprises and the regions by linking renewable energy sources with nationally made fuel cells (E. Oettel); (18) Accumulators - State of the arts and perspectives (D. Ohms, G. Schaedlich); (19) Comparisons of different power fruit rotations in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern under economic and ecological aspects (J. Peters); (20) Algae in biogas purification (M. Schlegel, G. Mann, R. Schumann, N. Kanswohl, D. Wiedow); (21) Development of a software for a process engineering design of bio network sites (M. Schreiber, H.J. Krautz, R. Mueller); (22) HyWindBalance - Results from the wind-hydrogen project Oldenburg (K. Stolzenburg, J. Linnemann, R. Steinberger-Wilckens, L.V. Tudela, H.-P. Waldl, M. Lange, H. Kroeger, S. Styrnol, U. Ziebell, D. Heinemann, H.-G. Holtorf); (23) Prospects of combined concentrating solar power plant technologies and solar cooling applications in Thailand (S. Sukchai, A. Pongtornkulpanich); (24) The way to increase the efficiency of new power sources (L. Vasiliev); (25) Hydrogen - production via electrolysis (M. Wenske); (26) Use of geothermic resources to meet the requirement of heat and coldness of modern buildings - Initial experiences about the operation of the university library at the university Rostock (P. Wickboldt); (27) Shell cross anemometer - diagonal incident flow? (H.-J. Winkel, M. Paschen, M. Jensch); (28) Energy biomass from rewetted peatlands for combined heat and power generation (A. Wulf, W. Wichtmann, M. Barz, M. Ahlhaus); (29) Electric and magnetic fields near wind power farms (M. Zenczak); (30) Ecologic aspects of the selection of solutions of energetic systems of fishing cutters (W. Zenczak); (31) An innovative company in the area of product development and technology development (MET Motoren- und Energietechnik GmbH Rostock); (32) GA cooperation network energy economy / power technology of the state

  5. EDITORIAL: Proceedings of the 8th International LISA Symposium, Stanford University, California, USA, 28 June-2 July 2010 Proceedings of the 8th International LISA Symposium, Stanford University, California, USA, 28 June-2 July 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buchman, Sasha; Sun, Ke-Xun

    2011-05-01

    (CQG) and Journal of Physics: Conference Series (JPCS). The plenary lectures are published in CQG, while most parallel talks and posters are being published in JPCS. At the recommendation of the science organization committee (SOC) other selected work from the conference will also appear in CQG. All papers in CQG have been screened through the journal's regular peer review process. We gratefully acknowledge the support of the CQG and JPCS Publishers and staff for the publication of the proceedings. The symposium and proceedings are generously sponsored by L'Agenzia Spaziale Italiana, the California Institute of Technology, EADS Astrium Germany, the KACST Foundation Saudi Arabia, the LIGO collaboration, the Max-Planck Institute in Potsdam, Germany, NASA, and the National Science Foundation. Stanford University made very significant contributions through the Dean of Research Office, the Department of Applied Physics, the Department of Physics, the Hansen Experimental Physics Laboratory (HEPL), and the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory. We thank the Stanford local organization committee (LOC), administration and professional staff, KACST engineers, and graduate students for their support of the symposium operations. LISA is one of the most tantalizing yet challenging scientific space missions ever. The 8th International LISA Symposium and publication of the proceedings contribute to its progress. Sasha Buchman and Ke-Xun Sun Stanford University Guest Editors

  6. Book reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    2010-12-01

    úa, by Allen Wells (reviewed by Michael R. Hall Downtown Ladies: Informal Commercial Importers, a Haitian Anthropologist, and Self-Making in Jamaica, by Gina A. Ulysse (reviewed by Jean Besson Une ethnologue à Port-au-Prince: Question de couleur et luttes pour le classement socio-racial dans la capitale haïtienne, by Natacha Giafferi-Dombre (reviewed by Catherine Benoît Haitian Vodou: Spirit, Myth, and Reality, edited by Patrick Bellegarde-Smith & Claudine Michel (reviewed by Susan Kwosek Cuba: Religion, Social Capital, and Development, by Adrian H. Hearn (reviewed by Nadine Fernandez "Mek Some Noise": Gospel Music and the Ethics of Style in Trinidad, by Timothy Rommen (reviewed by Daniel A. Segal Routes and Roots: Navigating Caribbean and Pacific Island Literatures, by Elizabeth M. DeLoughrey (reviewed by Anthony Carrigan Claude McKay, Code Name Sasha: Queer Black Marxism and the Harlem Renaissance, by Gary Edward Holcomb (reviewed by Brent Hayes Edwards The Sense of Community in French Caribbean Fiction, by Celia Britton (reviewed by J. Michael Dash Imaging the Chinese in Cuban Literature and Culture, by Ignacio López-Calvo (reviewed by Stephen Wilkinson Pre-Columbian Jamaica, by P. Allsworth-Jones (reviewed by William F. Keegan Underwater and Maritime Archaeology in Latin America and the Caribbean, edited by Margaret E. Leshikar-Denton & Pilar Luna Erreguerena (reviewed by Erika Laanela

  7. Analysis of Adherence, Persistence, and Surgery Among Endometriosis Patients Treated with Leuprolide Acetate Plus Norethindrone Acetate Add-Back Therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soliman, Ahmed M; Bonafede, Machaon; Farr, Amanda M; Castelli-Haley, Jane; Winkel, Craig

    2016-05-01

    compared among cohorts using multivariable logistic and Cox proportional hazards regression models controlling for demographics and baseline clinical characteristics. The final sample included 3,114 women, with a mean age of 36.9 years. The majority of women used LA only with no add-back therapy (n = 1,963, 63.0%), while 15.1% (n = 470) used NETA, and 21.9% (N = 681) used other add-back therapies. During the 6-month follow-up, more patients in the LA plus NETA cohort were adherent to LA therapy compared with LA only (47.2% vs. 31.5%, P HR = 0.54, 95% CI = 0.46-0.63 and HR = 0.59, 95% CI = 0.52-0.68). NETA patients had a lower surgery rate in the 12-month post-index period compared with other add-back patients (HR = 0.68, 95% CI = 0.50-0.93) or LA only patients (HR = 0.69, 95% CI = 0.52-0.92). For women with endometriosis, treatment with LA and concomitant add-back therapies was associated with better adherence to and persistence with LA over the 6 months following initiation, compared with treatment with LA only. The increased adherence and persistence to LA may translate into decreased need for surgical intervention, although fewer endometriosis-related surgeries were only observed in the 12 months following LA initiation for patients using concomitant NETA add-back therapy. These results support an increased and earlier use of NETA add-back therapy among women who initiate LA. This study was funded by AbbVie, which also markets the endometriosis drugs Lupron and Lupaneta Pack. AbbVie participated in the study design, research, data collection, analysis and interpretation, writing, review, and approval of this publication. Soliman and Castelli-Haley are employees of AbbVie and may own AbbVie stock or stock options. Bonafede and Farr are employees of Truven Health Analytics, which received a research contract to conduct this study with and on behalf of AbbVie. Winkel is a clinical professor in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at Georgetown University in

  8. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.A. Trouwborst

    1969-01-01

    Full Text Available - H.W. te Winkel, P. van Emst, Panorama der volken, deel III (Europa en Afrika. Roermond 1966. 491 blz., ills. - John Beattie, D.G. Jongmans, Anthropologists in the field. Van Gorcum & Comp. N.V., Assen 1967. 277 pp., P.C.W. Gutkind (eds. - J. van Baal, Andreas Lommel, Primitieve Beschavingen. Uitgeverij W. Gaade, Den Haag 1966. 172 blz. - J. Prins, J. van Baal, Mensen in verandering. Ontstaan en groei van een nieuwe cultuur in ontwikkelingslanden. Voor het Koninklijk Instituut voor de Tropen uitgegeven door N.V. De Arbeiderspers, Amsterdam. 1967. (183 blz. plus 4 blz. verwijzingen. - C. Baks, A.N.J. den Hollander, De plurale samenleving; begrip zonder toekomst? J.A. Boom en Zn., Meppel 1966. 121 pp.,, O.D. van den Muijzenberg, J.D. Speckmann (eds. - Th. P. van Baaren, Jan de Vries, The study of religion, a historical approach, translated with an introduction by Kees W. Bolle. Harcourt, Brace and World, Inc., New York 1967. XXIII + 231 pp. - H. Th. Fischer, C. Staniland Wake, The development of marriage and kinship. Classics in Anthropology. University of Chicago Press. Chicago, 1967 (Eerste Uitg. 1899. XLVI (Inleiding R. Needham. 510 pp., Index. - E.M. Uhlenbeck, Arnold van Gennep, The semi-scholars; translated from the French and edited with an introduction by Rodney Needham. Routledge & Kegan Paul, London 1967. XXIII + 71 pp. - C.J. Lammers, H. van den Berg, Structuren van hulpverlening. Van Gorcum, Assen 1968. 34 blz. (Openbare Les bij aanvaarding van het lectoraat in de sociologie van het maatschappelijk werk in de Faculteit der Sociale Wetenschappen aan de Vrije Universiteit te Amsterdam. - A.J. Bernet Kempers, G. Gauthier-Larouche, L’évolution de la maison rurale laurentienne. Les Presses de l’Université Laval. Quebec, 1967. 54 p., 12 pentekeningen. - H. Hoetink, S.M. Lipset, Elites in Latin America. Oxford Univ. Press, New York 1967, xii en 531 pp., A. Solari (eds. - H. Hoetink, Peter I. Rose, The subject is race: Traditional

  9. Sustainability pays. A reward system for sustainable producer and consumer behaviour; Duurzaam loont. Een beloningssysteem voor duurzaam consumentengedrag

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Van Hilten, R. [QOIN, Amsterdam (Netherlands)

    2011-03-15

    vervoer, vrijwilligerswerk binnen de cultuursector, toegang tot bioscoop, theater of museum, muzieklessen, aanschaf van gezonde voeding, toegang tot zwembaden, lidmaatschap van een sportclub, etc. Bedrijven die de punten accepteren kunnen deze vervolgens bij de beheersorganisatie omwisselen in euro's. Consumenten kunnen de punten ook weggeven aan aangesloten organisaties. Huishoudens worden door de beloning geprikkeld om hun gedrag en levensstijl te veranderen, ten gunste van duurzaamheid. Ze maken meer gebruik van de cultuursector, sport, etc. Het levert voor huishoudens ook een kostenbesparing op. Toeristen kiezen vaker voor lokale restaurants, cultuur en bezoek aan lokale boeren. Winkels zien hun omzetten en winsten in het segment 'duurzaam' stijgen. Daarnaast is op maat reclame mogelijk doordat DUURZAAM LOONT de winkelier inzicht geeft in het koopgedrag van consumenten en de eigen klanten in het bijzonder. De gemeente krijgt de beschikking over een kosteneffectief en beproefd instrumentarium om beleid te realiseren. Belonen is effectiever en ook kosteneffectiever dan informatiecampagnes. Het stimuleert de regionale economie. Daarnaast krijgt de gemeente betere informatie over het effect van subsidie-euro's.

  10. Spatial distribution of breeding Pied Flycatchers Ficedula hypoleuca in respect to their natal sites

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sokolov, L.

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available Study of philopatry and dispersal of pied flycatchers Ficedula hypoleuca was launched on the Courish Spit (SE Baltic in 1981. Since then, ca. 9,000 nestlings were ringed at different sites in the Russian part of the Courish Spit. A total of 557 individuals ringed as pulli were recaptured in subsequent seasons in the study area. Both males and females are more often recaptured in the plots where they were ringed than in other plots. These results were interpreted in the framework of the hypothesis forwarded by Löhrl (1959 and supported by Berndt & Winkel (1979. These authors suggested that cavity nesters (pied flycatchers and collared flycatchers F. albicollis imprint their future local breeding area during the period of postfledging exploration. Birds that survive until the next spring, return to these imprinted areas to breed. A similar study done by Sokolov et al. (1984 on the Courish Spit in an open nesting species, the chaffinch Fringilla coelebs, confirmed this finding. We assumed that juvenile pied flycatchers disperse for varying distances during their postfledging movements and imprint a local area, some 1–5 kilometres in diameter. This area is the goal of their migration next spring. It is suggested that in spring, yearlings are non–randomly distributed in respect to the area they have imprinted as juveniles. Recently, Vysotsky (2000, 2001 re–analysed the same data on philopatry of pied flycatchers on the Courish Spit and forwarded an alternative hypothesis. He suggests that juveniles, both males and females, do not imprint any local area during the postfledging period, but are distributed randomly across the area of several dozens of kilometres in spring. Vysotsky was able to show that distribution of distances of natal dispersal did not differ from the random pattern the study plot which was an 8.5 km long line of nest boxes along the Courish Spit. The aim of this study was to test these two alternative hypotheses. To do so, we

  11. CHAIRMEN'S PREFACE AND EDITORS' NOTE: Unification of Fundamental Interactions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brink, Lars; Nilsson, Jan S.; Salomonson, Per; Skagerstam, Bo-Sture

    1987-01-01

    Chairmen's PrefaceIn 1984 we obtained a grant from the Nobel Foundation to organize a Nobel Symposium on "Unification of the Fundamental Interactions". In our proposal which we submitted in the fall of 1983 we stated that we wanted to cover the various attempts to unification such as GUT'S, supergravity, Kaluza-Klein theories and superstrings. What has happened in particle physics since then is already history. With the realization that certain superstring theories could be anomaly free, it became clear that these models could encompass earlier attempts to unification as well as solving the fundamental problem of quantum gravity. The excitement that some of us had felt for some time now spread through most of the particle physics community and this excitement certainly was evident during the Symposium. With the international advisory committee we originally chose a list of around 30 invitees which could best represent the various subjects listed above. When it came to the final planning of the programme essentially all talks dealt with superstrings! We were very fortunate that almost all of the invitees managed to come to the Symposium. From the western world only three were unable to participate, André Neveu, Steven Weinberg and Bruno Zumino. We certainly missed them during the meeting. We were particularly happy that Stephen Hawking managed to take part actively. Our real problem was to get participants from the Soviet Union. Out of eight invitations only one came through. We were very happy to have Renata Kallosh, who really did her utmost to enlighten us about not only her own work but also about recent progress in the USSR, However, we were very sorry that in spite of all our letters, telegrammes and endless attempts to get telephone calls through and despite the good relations between the Swedish and Soviet Academies of Sciences we had to miss Ludwig Faddeev, Valodja Gribov, Andrej Linde, Victor Ogievetsky, Sasha Polyakov, Misha Shifman and Arkadij