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Sample records for wendi weimar kathryn

  1. Weimar Germany

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Reckendrees, Alfred

    2015-01-01

    The Weimar Republic is analysed within the concept of limited and open access orders. Before World War I, Imperial Germany had developed into a mature limited access order with rule of law and open economic access but lack of competition in politics. After World War I and inflation, Weimar Germany...

  2. Weimar Germany

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Reckendrees, Alfred

    The Weimar Republic is analysed within the framework of limited and open access orders. Germany had developed into a mature limited access order before World War I, with rule of law and open economic access but only limited access to politics. After the war, Germany developed toward an open access...... order; this process was, however, not sustainable. Two interpretations are discussed, which both pose a challenge to the limited access-open access framework: (1.) Weimar Germany was the first open access order that failed; (2.) sufficiency conditions of the sustainability of open access are not yet...

  3. Conversando con... Kathryn Gustafson

    OpenAIRE

    Pérez Igualada, Javier

    2017-01-01

    [EN] Kathryn Gustafson is an internationally recognized landscape architect. Intially trained in art and fashion design, she later studied landscape architecture at the École de Paysage de Versailles in France. Here she developed her early work in this country, exemplified by the magical Les Jardins de l ́Immaginaire.She is presently engaged in landscape practice through two two different practices: Gustafson Porter, based in London, and Gustafson Guthrie Nicol, based in Seattle. Workin with ...

  4. Kathryn Reynolds | IDRC - International Development Research ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Kathryn Reynolds is Regional Director, Middle East and North Africa, based in Cairo, Egypt. Previously, she was Senior Legal Counsel at IDRC. Before joining IDRC in 2012, Kathryn worked in the legal and policy divisions of federal government and not-for-profit institutions. She holds an LL.B. from the University of Ottawa, ...

  5. Kathryn Toure | IDRC - International Development Research Centre

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Kathryn Toure started her career in New York City in refugee resettlement before working for the Centre for International and Comparative Studies at the University of Iowa. She moved to West Africa where she worked with Africa Online, the Educational Research Network for West and Central Africa, and eventually as ...

  6. The Weimar Triangle and The Ukrainian Crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Christophe Romer

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes the activity of Weimar Triangle (Germany, France, Poland during Ukrainian crisis (2013-2014 as an efficient, but still largely underestimated negotiation force of the European Union. The evolution of role of Weimar Triangle in post-bipolar era is indicated, as well as the role of this specific structure during Ukrainian crisis.

  7. Political Economics and the Weimar Disaster

    OpenAIRE

    Roger B. Myerson

    1998-01-01

    The Allied leaders who produced the Treaty of Versailles and the German leaders who created the Weimar constitution relied significantly on the theoretical expertise of John Maynard Keynes and Max Weber respectively. It is argued here that integrated analytical approaches to the study of political and economic competition, which have been developed with game-theoretic methodology since the time of Keynes and Weber, can offer a valuable perspective to better understand the decisions that faced...

  8. Southern African students at the Music School in Weimar, Germany ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Suider-Afrikaanse studente aan die Hochschule für Musik in Weimar, Duitsland, 1884-1921. Die Musiekskool in Weimar, een van die beroemdste musiekstede ter wêreld, is in 1872 gestig. Die skool het geleidelik meer studente, ook uit die buiteland, getrek. Die primêre doel van die navorsing was om vas te stel of ...

  9. Mila Ganeva: Women in Weimar Fashion. Rochester: Camden House 2008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julia Bertschik

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Die klischeehafte Verbindung von Weiblichkeit und Mode wird am Beispiel der Weimarer Republik einer kulturwissenschaftlichen Relektüre unterworfen. Dabei zeigt sich an bislang wenig bekanntem Quellenmaterial aus Modejournalismus, Konfektionsfilm und Angestelltenroman, dass im Modebereich engagierte Frauen nicht nur als massenmediale Objekte dienten, sondern selbst im Bereich der modernen Weimarer Attraktionskultur aktiv waren.Using the example of the Weimar Republic, the book re-reads the stereotypical connection between femininity and fashion from the perspective of cultural studies. Little-known source material from fashion journalism, ready-to-wear film (Konfektionsfilm, and the white-collar novel (Angestelltenroman is used show that in the area of fashion, engaged women served not only as mass-media objects, but also were themselves active in the modern Weimar culture of attractions.

  10. Bite of Arsenic, with Kathryn Cottingham. Interviewed by Ashley Ahearn.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cottingham, Kathryn

    2012-05-01

    Many organic foods and high-energy products are sweetened with brown rice syrup as an alternative to high-fructose corn syrup. Consumers who eat these products may be avoiding high-fructose corn syrup, but they also may be exposed to arsenic that's been absorbed by the rice plants from which the syrup is made. In this podcast, Kathryn Cottingham talks with host Ashley Ahearn about her recent market-basket study of products containing brown rice syrup and other rice-based ingredients. Arsenic was detected in all the products tested, although Cottingham cautions it's too soon to say what this means in terms of potential health effects.

  11. Weimar, Washington, and Beyond: The Plight of the Intelligentsia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dreijmanis, John

    1978-01-01

    Compares the labor market position of the intelligentisia in 20th century United States with the situation in the Weimar Republic in Germany during the 1920s and 1930s. Solutions to the unemployment dilemma are suggested, including requiring corporations with large government contracts to hire additional staff, improving student-teacher ratios and…

  12. Weimar à l’époque de Goethe

    OpenAIRE

    Gilli, Marita

    2006-01-01

    Weimar au XVIIIe siècle est une de ces minuscules résidences qui constituaient le Saint Empire Romain germanique. Pourtant, elle est devenue une ville symbole que l’on a appelée « l’Athènes du Nord », un des plus grands centres littéraires et artistiques, le berceau du classicisme allemand. Cela grâce à la rencontre entre Goethe et le jeune duc Carl August de Saxe-Weimar qui l’invite à sa cour. Lassé de la vie bourgeoise qu’il menait à Frankfurt, Goethe accepte l’invitation, estimant qu’une t...

  13. Environmental Fantasies: Mountains, Cities, and Heimat in Weimar Cinema

    OpenAIRE

    Peabody, Seth

    2015-01-01

    This dissertation analyzes filmic environments within Weimar cinema and argues for a concept of Heimat in which the landscapes of modernity are embedded into the environments of home. Mountain films such as Der heilige Berg enact a visual mechanization of the Alpine landscape; industrial films such as Sprengbagger 1010 constellate pastoral and modernized scenes in a similar fashion to contemporary Heimat club journals; and urban films such as Menschen am Sonntag reveal the ways in which the c...

  14. Rechte Frauen im Kaiserreich und in der Weimarer Republik Women on the Right in the Empire and the Weimar Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefan Müller

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Der Sammelband enthält Untersuchungen zu rechten Parteien, Frauenorganisationen bzw. Publizistinnen im Kaiserreich und in der Weimarer Republik. Ziel ist es, eine Einschätzung des Denkens und Handelns völkisch-rassistisch orientierter Frauen in dieser Zeit zu erhalten. Die Beiträge verbindet der Versuch, das eigenständige Handeln rechter Frauen in einem weitgehend männlich dominierten Bereich zu dokumentieren.The collected volume contains examinations of parties on the right, women’s organizations, and female publicists in the empire and the Weimar Republic. The goal is to develop an assessment of the thoughts and actions of ethnic-racist oriented women of the time period. The essays are connected by the attempt to document the independent actions of women on the right in a primarily male dominated arena.

  15. Rezension zu: Mila Ganeva: Women in Weimar Fashion. Rochester: Camden House 2008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julia Bertschik

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Die klischeehafte Verbindung von Weiblichkeit und Mode wird am Beispiel der Weimarer Republik einer kulturwissenschaftlichen Relektüre unterworfen. Dabei zeigt sich an bislang wenig bekanntem Quellenmaterial aus Modejournalismus, Konfektionsfilm und Angestelltenroman, dass im Modebereich engagierte Frauen nicht nur als massenmediale Objekte dienten, sondern selbst im Bereich der modernen Weimarer Attraktionskultur aktiv waren.

  16. Ehted Picasso armukestele, kiisumüts, portselanbotikud... / Wendy Ramshaw ; interv. Karin Paulus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ramshaw, Wendy

    2006-01-01

    Tallinna IV rakenduskunsti triennaalist "Kaks lähedast" Eesti Tarbekunsti- ja Disainimuuseumis. Inglise ehtekunstnik Wendy Ramshaw ehtesarjast "Picasso's ladies". Kommentaarid Tiina Sarapult, Ele Praksilt, Kärt Summatavetilt, Jüri Kermikult

  17. Award for Distinguished Scientific Early Career Contributions to Psychology: Kathryn Paige Harden.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-12-01

    The APA Awards for Distinguished Scientific Early Career Contributions to Psychology recognize psychologists who have demonstrated excellence early in their careers and have held a doctoral degree for no more than 9 years. One of the 2017 award winners is Kathryn Paige Harden, for demonstrating "how to integrate genetic knowledge with the classical clinical and developmental insights into human behavior." Harden's award citation, biography, and a selected bibliography are presented here. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved).

  18. The Berlin Poliklinik: psychoanalytic innovation in Weimar Germany.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Danto, E A

    1999-01-01

    After Freud proposed in 1918 the creation of "institutions or out-patient clinics [where] treatment will be free," Max Eitingon, Ernst Simmel, and other progressive psychoanalysts founded the Berlin Poliklinik, a free outpatient clinic. Guided by Weimar Republic principles of "radical functionalism," the Poliklinik and its companion inpatient service, the Schloss Tegel Sanatorium, pioneered treatment and training methodologies still used--and still debated--today. Their funding strategies, statistics, and approaches to clinical problems like length of treatment tell the history of an innovative psychoanalytic institute where men and women were generally treated in equal numbers and patients (ranging in occupational status from unemployed to professional) of all ages were treated free. Franz Alexander, Karl Abraham, Theresa Benedek, Paul Federn, Otto Fenichel, Edith Jacobson, Karen Horney, Erich Fromm, Helene Deutsch, Hanns Sachs, Sándor Radó, Hermine von Hug-Hellmuth, Wilhelm Reich, Annie Reich, and Melanie Klein all worked at the Poliklinik, and from there initiated decades of original clinical theory, practice, and education.

  19. Teach for America's Long Arc: A Critical Race Theory Textual Analysis of Wendy Kopp's Works

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barnes, Michael C.; Germain, Emily K.; Valenzuela, Angela

    2016-01-01

    We read and analyzed 165,000 words and uncover a series of counter-stories buried within a textual corpus, authored by Teach For America (TFA) founder Wendy Kopp (Kopp, 1989, 2001; Kopp & Farr, 2011), that offers insight into the forms of racism endemic to Teach For America. All three counter-stories align with a critical race theory (CRT)…

  20. El cine y la República de Weimar: la nueva objetividad

    OpenAIRE

    García Rábano, Ángela Pino

    2017-01-01

    La República de Weimar nos deja apreciar una visión de un país que aún se encuentra en una situación muy tensa, tras la derrota de la Primera Guerra Mundial, enfrentándose ahora a un futuro incierto con las tropas nazis, pero con una sociedad que está dispuesta a resurgir. Como no podría ser de otra manera, el Arte contribuye a plasmar todo ese remolino de sensaciones The Weimar Republic let us appreciate the point of view of a country that is still in a complicated situation, after being ...

  1. Dopo la Philosophie als strenge Wissenschaft. Un’altra fenomenologia nel periodo di Weimar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fiorenza Toccafondi

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available After Husserl’s “Philosophy as Rigorous Science”. Another Kind of Phenomenology in the Era of Weimarer Republic - After the publication of Philosophie als strenge Wissenschaft, Husserl sustained an ever more radically pure ideal of phenomenology. Such an ideal would become philosophically successful in the time of the Weimarer Republic. Conversely, abiding by the work of Brentano, Stumpf and Hering, the Berlin School subscribed to a combination of empirical research, philosophical reflection, phenomenology and physiology until the thirties in the twentieth century. The two orientations are therefore quite different. In this paper the characteristics, backgrounds and implications of these two different phenomenological orientations are illustrated and discussed.

  2. El derecho del trabajo democrático en la República de Weimar

    OpenAIRE

    Gil Albuerquerque, Román de la Trinidad

    2016-01-01

    La tesis "El Derecho del Trabajo democrático en la República de Weimar" es, de una parte, una introducción contextualizadora a la historia político-social, sindical, del Derecho del Trabajo y de la obra de significados juristas demócratas comprometidos con el nacimiento de la nueva disciplina jurídica (y en parte responsables de su constitucionalización) y con su desarrollo en la República de Weimar, así como una consideración transversal y comparativa de varias instituciones fundamentales p...

  3. Ein anderer Blick auf die bürgerlichen Frauen in der Weimarer Republik A Different View of Middle-Class Women in the Weimar Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sabine Liebig

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Die bürgerlich-gemäßigte Frauenbewegung in der Weimarer Republik ist bereits unter vielen Aspekten untersucht und dargestellt worden. Gerade ihr Engagement im Bereich der Sozialen Arbeit wird stets hervorgehoben. Ulrike Manz ergänzt die Forschung durch einen bisher wenig beachteten, aber sehr interessanten und aufschlussreichen Aspekt: die Existenz eugenischen Gedankenguts innerhalb der bürgerlich-gemäßigten Frauenbewegung.Scholars have already examined and portrayed the middle-class, temperate women’s movement in the Weimar Republic according to many aspects. In particular, the movement’s active engagement in the area of social work has been regularly highlighted. Ulrike Manz adds to this research by focusing on a very interesting and enlightening aspect that has received little attention till now: the existence of a eugenic body of thought within the middle-class, temperate women’s movement.

  4. "Frank ja Wendy" rikub jõulud ja võtab söögiisu / Astrid Kannel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kannel, Astrid, 1967-

    2004-01-01

    Animafilm "Frank ja Wendy" : autor David Snowman = Priit Pärn, Ülo Pikkov, Priit Tender ja Kaspar Jancis : Eesti Joonisfilm 2004. Kõik autorid vastavad midagi artikli autori provotseerivatele küsimustele

  5. Vanguardismo y problemática del film alemán de la República de Weimar

    OpenAIRE

    Sánchez-Biosca, Vicente

    1985-01-01

    El presente artículo trata de examinar las aproximaciones historiográficas realizadas al cine producido en la República de Weimar, desde el llamado expresionismo hasta las corrientes realistas, pasando por el Kammerspielfilm.

  6. Wendy Rosslyn, Alessandra Tosi, eds., Women in Nineteenth‑Century Russia, Lives and Culture

    OpenAIRE

    Lamarche Marrese, Michelle

    2015-01-01

    Scholarly literature on the experience of women in Imperial Russia has grown considerably over the course of the last two decades. In Women in Nineteenth‑Century Russia, Wendy Rosslyn and Alessandra Tosi have compiled a series of articles representing the range of this work and demonstrating the insight we have gained into Russian women’s lives, as well as drawing attention to the work yet to be done. This collection is a useful survey of both the social and cultural history of Russian women ...

  7. Ein anderer Blick auf die bürgerlichen Frauen in der Weimarer Republik

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sabine Liebig

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Die bürgerlich-gemäßigte Frauenbewegung in der Weimarer Republik ist bereits unter vielen Aspekten untersucht und dargestellt worden. Gerade ihr Engagement im Bereich der Sozialen Arbeit wird stets hervorgehoben. Ulrike Manz ergänzt die Forschung durch einen bisher wenig beachteten, aber sehr interessanten und aufschlussreichen Aspekt: die Existenz eugenischen Gedankenguts innerhalb der bürgerlich-gemäßigten Frauenbewegung.

  8. Kathryn's Wheel: a spectacular galaxy collision discovered in the Galactic neighbourhood

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parker, Quentin A.; Zijlstra, Albert A.; Stupar, Milorad; Cluver, Michelle; Frew, David J.; Bendo, George; Bojičić, Ivan

    2015-10-01

    We report the discovery of the closest collisional ring galaxy to the Milky Way. Such rare systems occur due to `bulls-eye' encounters between two reasonably matched galaxies. The recessional velocity of about 840 km s-1 is low enough that it was detected in the Anglo-Australian Observatory/UK Schmidt Telescope Survey for Galactic H α emission. The distance is only ˜10 Mpc and the main galaxy shows a full ring of star-forming knots, 6.1 kpc in diameter surrounding a quiescent disc. The smaller assumed `bullet' galaxy also shows vigorous star formation. The spectacular nature of the object had been overlooked because of its location in the Galactic plane and proximity to a bright star and even though it is the 60th brightest galaxy in the HI Parkes All Sky Survey (HIPASS) H I survey. The overall system has a physical size of ˜15 kpc, a total mass of M* = 6.6 × 109 M⊙ (stars + H I), a metallicity of [O/H]˜ -0.4, and a star formation rate of 0.2-0.5 M⊙ yr-1, making it a Magellanic-type system. Collisional ring galaxies therefore extend to much lower galaxy masses than commonly assumed. We derive a space density for such systems of 7 × 10- 5 Mpc- 3, an order of magnitude higher than previously estimated. This space density suggests Kathryn's Wheel is the nearest such system. We present discovery images, CTIO 4-m telescope narrow-band follow-up images and spectroscopy for selected emission components. Given its proximity and modest extinction along the line of sight, this spectacular system provides an ideal target for future high spatial resolution studies of such systems and for direct detection of its stellar populations.

  9. Rezension: Vom Scheitern der Demokratie – Die Pfalz am Ende der Weimarer Republik

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yves V. Grossmann

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available The recent study about the history of what is today the federal state of Rheinland-Pfalz (Rhineland- Palatinate: „Vom Scheitern der Demokratie – Die Pfalz am Ende der Weimarer Republik“ has recently been reviewed by Yves V. Grossmann. Beginning with the world economic crisis in October 1929 and ending with Hitlers rise to power in 1933, co-publisher Hannes Ziegler approaches the contemporary time in the Rhinland-Palatinate region, which was marked by political instability and economic disaster. The time of crisis during the Weimar years advantaged the political rise of the Nazis, allowing the NSDAP to become a mass-party in the Pfalz-region. This historical rise to power is approached via twelve different articles, each of them looking at the named topic from a different angle. The volume also explicitly deals with the time of French occupation, the economic-crisis and the political radicalisation. The media history and the press are also included. The political landscape, the church, the law system, and the branch of cultural life, which thrived regardless of the crisis, are also being adressed throughout the regional-historicalthemed volume. The review offers a short and comprehensive summary of the book's contents. The classification and evaluation of the volume furthermore arrive at a thoroughly positive conclusion.

  10. „Der Untergang des Abendlandes wird ekklesiologisiert.“ Ein Kulturkampf am Ende der Weimarer Republik

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Weir, Todd Hagman

    2017-01-01

    This article contends that Christian anxieties over secularism played a significant role in the political crisis at the end of the Weimar Republic. Although these anxieties flared when German Communists began to imitate elements of the Soviet antireligious campaigns after 1929, their roots lay in a

  11. Crisis, Conscience, and Choices: Weimar Germany and the Rise of Hitler. Choices for the 21st Century Education Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bakker, Don

    This unit is part of a series of curriculum materials that applies the choices approach to critical junctures in history. The focus is on Germany's defeat in World War I and conditions in Germany contributing to the rise of Nazism. Students are provided with background readings on the Weimar Republic, the reparations imposed on Germany with their…

  12. [Beyond Weimar Culture--the significance of the Forman thesis for a cultural approach to the history of science].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trischler, Helmuth; Carson, Cathryn; Kojevnikov, Alexei

    2008-12-01

    '"Forman thesis', published in 1971, argued for a historical linkage among the intellectual atmosphere of Weimar Germany, popular revolts against determinism and materialism, and the creation of the revolutionary new theory of quantum mechanics. Paul Forman's long essay on "Weimar Culture" has shaped research agendas in numerous fields, from the history and philosophy of physics to German history to the sociology of scientific knowledge. Despite its status as a classic and its transformative effect, Weimar Culture has always inspired as much critique as assent. In particular in the history of science, cohorts of students and two generations of scholars have debated the Forman thesis as a conceptual tool for linking scientific change with cultural processes. The Forman thesis raises critical questions for both the ongoing debates over cultural approaches to the history of science and the burgeoning newer scholarship on physics in and beyond Weimar Germany. Exploring these implications has been the aim of a transnational project of the three authors of this article which sheds some light on these debates and briefly introduces the following papers of this special issue devoted to Paul Forman and his seminal works in the history of science.

  13. "Lasst sich daraus was lernen?" Children's Literature, Education, and Ideology in the Weimar Republic and Nazi Germany.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Redmann, Jennifer

    1998-01-01

    Study of children's books, Eric Kastner's "Emil und die Detektive" (1928) and Wilfrid Bade's "Trommlerbub' untern Hakenkreuz" (1934), with American students in an introductory German-literature course offered insights into pedagogical function of children's literature in Weimar Republic and Third Reich. Although books reveal…

  14. Dampak Jim Crow Laws Terhadap Orang-orang Kulit Hitam Yang Digambarkan Dalam Novel the Help Karya Kathryn Stockett

    OpenAIRE

    Wonua, Indah Dewi Sartika

    2015-01-01

    This skripsi which is entitled “Dampak Jim Crow Laws Terhadap Orang-Orang Kulit Hitam yang Digambarkan dalam Novel The Help Karya Kathryn Stockett” is a study about the social life of American People in 1960 through the characters in the novel. There are two questions to be answered in this research: Howis Jim Crow Laws reflected in the novel andwhat is the effect of the laws to black people. The aims of this research are to analyze the reflection of the Jim Crow Laws in the novel, and to an...

  15. Man trägt jetzt Gesundheit Fashion and Images of Gender in the Weimar Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne Fleig

    2002-07-01

    Full Text Available Die Dissertation untersucht die Wechselwirkungen von emanzipatorischen Einstellungen und modischem Erscheinungsbild der „Neuen Frau“ in der Weimarer Republik. Sie zeigt, inwiefern die Bilder dieses neuen Frauentyps dem historischen Konzept einer „Neuen Frau“ zum Durchbruch verhelfen. Deutlich wird aber auch, dass die rasche Popularität dieses Frauenbildes seinen ursprünglich auf gesellschaftliche Veränderung zielenden Gehalt veräußerlicht.Kessemeier’s dissertation deals with the complicated relations between early feminist ideas and images of the “new woman” in the German twenties. Kesselmeier shows the role which visual images played in making the historical concept of a “new woman” popular. She documents that the immediate popularity of this image was related to contemporary societal changes but that the final product, the “new woman,” focused on form (physical appearance rather than content.

  16. Politisches „Milieu“, Familienwirklichkeit und Rechtsreform. Katholische und sozialdemokratische Positionen in der Weimarer Republik

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arne Duncker

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available Bei der verdienstvollen und materialreichen Arbeit Heinemanns handelt es sich um die gekürzte und überarbeitete Fassung einer an der Universität Augsburg 2002 abgeschlossenen Dissertation. Literatur ist bis einschließlich 2002 eingearbeitet. Mit Katholizismus und Sozialdemokratie hat die Arbeit zwei der bedeutendsten politischen und kulturellen Bewegungen – und auch “Milieus“ (S. 13 f. – Deutschlands in der Zeit der Weimarer Republik zum Gegenstand. In der Arbeit werden Fragen der historischen Familienforschung, Sozialgeschichte und Parteiengeschichte behandelt. Sie enthält darüber hinaus – ausbaufähige – rechtshistorische, frauengeschichtliche, parlamentsgeschichtliche und ehephilosophische Abschnitte sowie ein Schwerpunktkapitel (S. 213–292 zur Bevölkerungspolitik.

  17. Sexological Deliberation and Social Engineering: Albert Moll and the Sterilisation Debate in Late Imperial and Weimar Germany

    OpenAIRE

    Bryant, Thomas

    2012-01-01

    The physician and sexologist Albert Moll, from Berlin, was one of the main protagonists within the German discourse on the opportunities and dangers of social engineering, by eugenic interventions into human life in general, as well as into reproductive hygiene and healthcare policy in particular. One of the main sexological topics that were discussed intensively during the late-Wilhelminian German Reich and the Weimar Republic was the question of the legalisation of voluntary and compulsory ...

  18. Defending the municipal electric services against privatization : a case study of Frankfurt am Main during the Weimar period

    OpenAIRE

    Mori, Takahito

    2014-01-01

    It has been generally assumed in the study of German urban history that the municipal electric services were brought to an end by the growth of regional power networks during the Weimar period. However, municipal electric services were not completely replaced by regional power systems. So, this paper examines, on the basis of a case study of Frankfurt am Main, how the municipal electric services were able to sustain themselves as an autonomous system against the expanding influence of regiona...

  19. ‘There was never anythin’ like this!!!’ Valeska Gert's performances in the context of Weimar culture

    OpenAIRE

    Kolb, Alexandra

    2007-01-01

    This paper explores Valeska Gert’s contributions to dance against the backdrop of Weimar Germany. The first section considers the themes of her choreographies. Eschewing both idealism and abstraction, her work presented a gritty account of the realities of contemporary quotidian life, often featuring outcasts from bourgeois society. It also reflected a growing German interest in aspects of American culture, including sport and multi-ethnicity. Whereas many expressive dancers offered bucolic i...

  20. Anatomy in Cologne--Institutional development and body supply from the Weimar Republic to the early post-war period.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaiser, Stephanie; Gross, Dominik

    2015-07-01

    The Anatomical Institute of the University of Cologne was founded in 1925. This paper highlights its institutional development and the sources from which it procured bodies for dissection. A comparison is drawn between the first years of the institute's existence during the Weimar Republic (1925-1932) and its rebuilding after war damage in the early post-war period (1947-1954). The institute and its procurement of bodies have not previously been investigated for these two time periods. The Third Reich, for which a detailed study already exists, will be mentioned as well to allow better evaluation of the periods before and after National Socialism. Based on newly evaluated archival material and body journals which will be examined both quantitatively and qualitatively, it becomes apparent that the Cologne institute experienced a chronic shortage of bodies both during the Weimar Republic and the first post-war decade (even though the delivery facilities were mostly the same). However, the situation of the institute in terms of structure, organization and personnel as well as body supply in the aftermath of World War II proved much more challenging than during the time of the Weimar Republic. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.

  1. ["Epidemic" or Peripheral Phenomenon? : A Medical History of the "Cocaine Wave" in the Weimar Republic].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walter, Hannes

    2017-09-01

    An empirical investigation refutes the popular conception that excessive drug usage was a widespread social phenomenon in the Weimar Republic. Although physicians warned the public and politicians of a "cocaine wave" that threatened the public health, there is no evidence that indicates a significant increase of cocaine use during the twenties. The decisive cause for this moral panic was caused instead by the disease pattern of "Cocainism". The addiction carried the imprint of an infectious disease and would destroy the body, the will, and the civic life of its victims. According to medical doctrine, chronic cocaine consumption also produced the tendency towards deviant sexual activities and criminal activity. For this reason, the use of this substance was in particular linked to deviant social milieus like the so-called Bohemian or demimonde. However, historical sources in fact show that it was primarily a problem of the medical professions. Against the background of the desperate political, social and economic situation in Germany after the First World War, physicians regarded cocaine and morphine addictions as a threat to the hoped for political and biological renewal of the nation.

  2. [Protestant healthcare? The building of denominational hospitals in Berlin during the Weimar Republic].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tangerding, Clemens

    2015-01-01

    This essay tries to show that, in the Berlin of the Weimar Republic, Protestant hospitals were built not only to relieve the suffering of the population, but also out of a sense of inferiority to a reinvigorated Catholicism. Hospitals were consequently not only places of care and healing but also of denominational self-assertion. Based on Olaf Blaschke's thesis of a "second denominational age," this contribution tries to demonstrate that the responsible Protestant agents did not make anti-Catholic proclamations at every occasion and in all the media. The founders of the "Protestant Hospital Building Association," which this essay investigates, made deliberate use of anti-Catholic resentment, expressing it boldly when approaching the Protestant elites, while playing it down deliberately when addressing the people of Berlin. With a view to the severe economic crisis and mass unemployment prevailing from 1930, they justified the building of new hospitals with the need to create work places, without making recourse to the denomination argument. The political situation, the addressees and the hope for economic success seem to have informed the representation of denominational resentments decisively. Confessionalism therefore seemed to have been not as much a question of ideology as one of strategy.

  3. The Legitimation of Self-Regulation and Co-Regulation in Corporatist Concepts of Legal Scholars in the Weimar Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Collin

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Corporatist regulation has a hybrid structure in that it covers state regulation, regulated self-regulation as well as private-public co-regulation. Notably diverging from the standard mode of state regulation, such arrangements required a higher degree of legitimation. Corporatist concepts flourished in the Weimar Republic. This paper deals with three legal scholars’ considerations regarding how to legitimize corporatist models, namely Edgar Tatarin-Tarnheyden, Heinrich Herrfahrdt, and Friedrich Glum. Their institutional touchstone was the Imperial Economic Council, as provided for by article 165 of the Weimar Constitution. This article envisioned a multi-level system of economic councils ranging from regional economic councils up to the Imperial Economic Council and involving representatives of all occupational groups in the performance of state tasks. However, only a Provisional Imperial Economic Council, with a restricted consultative remit, was ever actually established. Based on this model, Tatarin-Tarnheyden, Heinrich Herrfahrdt, and Friedrich Glum conceptualized organizational structures aiming at the comprehensive inclusion of non-state actors. They were legitimized primarily with reference to their output; that is, these organizational forms were supposed to enable a more appropriate and efficient realization of public interests. The input-based argument was basically a question of participation, which implies considerable proximity to typical topoi of democratic legitimation. This similarity is perhaps counter-intuitive, given that corporatist concepts are traditionally associated with anti-democratic ideologies due to their anti-parliamentarian slant. The numerous points of convergence between corporatist and democratic thought simultaneously reflect the heterogeneity of democratic reasoning in the Weimar period and the openness for ideas that were sceptical of—or even hostile to—parliamentary democracy and the party

  4. The Wind ENergy Data and Information (WENDI) Gateway: New Information and Analysis Tools for Wind Energy Stakeholders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaiser, D.; Palanisamy, G.; Santhana Vannan, S.; Wei, Y.; Smith, T.; Starke, M.; Wibking, M.; Pan, Y.; Devarakonda, Ranjeet; Wilson, B. E.; Wind Energy Data; Information (WENDI) Gateway Team

    2010-12-01

    In support of the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Office, DOE's Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has launched the Wind ENergy Data & Information (WENDI) Gateway. The WENDI Gateway is intended to serve a broad range of wind-energy stakeholders by providing easy access to a large amount of wind energy-related data and information through its two main interfaces: the Wind Energy Metadata Clearinghouse and the Wind Energy Geographic Information System (WindGIS). The Metadata Clearinghouse is a powerful, customized search tool for discovering, accessing, and sharing wind energy-related data and information. Its database of metadata records points users to a diverse array of wind energy-related resources: from technical and scientific journal articles to mass media news stories; from annual government and industry reports to downloadable datasets, and much more. Through the WindGIS, users can simultaneously visualize a wide spectrum of United States wind energy-related spatial data, including wind energy power plant locations; wind resource maps; state-level installed wind capacity, generation, and renewable portfolio standards; electric transmission lines; transportation infrastructure; interconnection standards; land ownership, designation, and usage; and various ecological data layers. In addition, WindGIS allows users to download much of the data behind the layers. References: [1] Devarakonda R., et al. Mercury: reusable metadata management, data discovery and access system. Earth Science Informatics (2010), 3(1): 87-94. [2] Wilson, Bruce E., et al. "Mercury Toolset for Spatiotemporal Metadata." (2010).

  5. Politisches „Milieu“, Familienwirklichkeit und Rechtsreform. Katholische und sozialdemokratische Positionen in der Weimarer Republik Political “Milieu,” Family Reality, and Legal Reform: Catholic and Social Democratic Positions in the Weimar Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arne Duncker

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available Bei der verdienstvollen und materialreichen Arbeit Heinemanns handelt es sich um die gekürzte und überarbeitete Fassung einer an der Universität Augsburg 2002 abgeschlossenen Dissertation. Literatur ist bis einschließlich 2002 eingearbeitet. Mit Katholizismus und Sozialdemokratie hat die Arbeit zwei der bedeutendsten politischen und kulturellen Bewegungen – und auch “Milieus“ (S. 13 f. – Deutschlands in der Zeit der Weimarer Republik zum Gegenstand. In der Arbeit werden Fragen der historischen Familienforschung, Sozialgeschichte und Parteiengeschichte behandelt. Sie enthält darüber hinaus – ausbaufähige – rechtshistorische, frauengeschichtliche, parlamentsgeschichtliche und ehephilosophische Abschnitte sowie ein Schwerpunktkapitel (S. 213–292 zur Bevölkerungspolitik.Heinemann’s work, deserving and rich in material, is a shortened and revised version of a dissertation submitted to the University of Augsburg in 2002. Literature published up to the year 2002 is included in the text. The work has made as its focus two of the most important political and cultural movements—as well as “Milieus” (page 13 and following—of Germany during the time of the Weimar Republic: Catholicism and social democracy. Questions relating to historical family research, social history, and party history are dealt with in the work. It also includes sections, which could be expanded upon, on legal history, the history of women, parliamentary history, and the philosophy of marriage, as well as a central chapter focusing on the politics of demographics (213–292.

  6. Los límites de la influencia de Carl Schmitt en la República de Weimar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Villacañas Berlanga, Jose Luis

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available This article exposes the deficits that the left-wing jurists from Weimar, Kirchheimer and Neumann, showed when trying to comprehend the democratic life and its institutions. The main thesis defended in the article is that these deficits were result of the influence that the conservative jurist Carl Schmitt had on them. By introducing arguments coming from who later became a nazism’s theorist, the left-wing jurists forund themselves disabled to theoretically defend democratic life.

    Este artículo expone los déficits de los juristas de izquierda de Weimar, Kirchheimer y Neumann a la hora de comprender la vida democrática y sus instituciones. La principal tesis de este ensayo es que estos déficits procedían de la influencia que el jurista conservador Carl Schmitt tuvo sobre ellos. Al depender de los argumentos que venían del que con el tiempo llegara a ser teórico de los nazis, los juristas de izquierdas se vieron incapaces de defender teóricamente la vida democrática.

  7. Dr Kathryn Beers, Assistant Director Physical Sciences and Engineering, Office of Science and Technology Policy Executive Office of the President United States of America visit the CMS experiment at point 5.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2007-01-01

    Dr Kathryn Beers, Assistant Director Physical Sciences and Engineering, Office of Science and Technology Policy Executive Office of the President United States of America visit the CMS experiment at point 5.

  8. The ‘Ullstein Spirit’ : The Ullstein Publishing House, the End of the Weimar Republic and the Making of Cold War German Identity, 1925–77

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hung, J.B.|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/412768704

    2018-01-01

    This article examines the role of the Ullstein company, a liberal publishing house with Jewish roots and one of Germany’s most important cultural producers, in the disintegration and the subsequent historical interpretation of the Weimar Republic. It reconstructs the company’s history before and

  9. Sexological Deliberation and Social Engineering: Albert Moll and the Sterilisation Debate in Late Imperial and Weimar Germany

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bryant, Thomas

    2012-01-01

    The physician and sexologist Albert Moll, from Berlin, was one of the main protagonists within the German discourse on the opportunities and dangers of social engineering, by eugenic interventions into human life in general, as well as into reproductive hygiene and healthcare policy in particular. One of the main sexological topics that were discussed intensively during the late-Wilhelminian German Reich and the Weimar Republic was the question of the legalisation of voluntary and compulsory sterilisations on the basis of medical, social, eugenic, economic or criminological indications. As is clear from Moll’s conservative principles of medical ethics, and his conviction that the genetic knowledge required for eugenically indicated sterilisations was not yet sufficiently elaborated, he had doubts and worries about colleagues who were exceedingly zealous about these surgical sterilisations – especially Gustav Boeters from Saxony. PMID:23002295

  10. Wendy Jones Nakanishi : an American resident in Japan, her life and work through the English language and literary creativity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nataša Potočnik

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Wendy Jones Nakanishi is a professor of English Language and Comparative Cultures at a small private college located in the south of Japan: Shikoku Gakuin University in Kagawa prefecture. It is a life far removed from her roots. She grew up in a tiny town in the northwestern corner of Indiana and spent her childhood holidays at her grandparentsʼ farm in the central part of the state. She received graduate degrees in Indiana, in England and in Scotland and she also spent a year in France and half a year in Holland. Nakanishi has published widely in America, Japan and Europe. Her academic research ranges from eighteenth-century English literature to the analysis of contemporary Japanese and British authors to sociological topics related to Japan. She was an Associate Member of the Ruskin Programme, based at LancasterUniversity in England, and currently belongs to the Iris Murdoch Society of Japan. She has published a considerable body of academic work - critical monographs, articles and book reviews - and, in recent years, has embarked on writing short stories and Žcreative non-fictionʼ pieces based on her experience of living in Japan for the past twenty-seven years as an American 'ex-patʼ, as a university professor, and as the wife of a Japanese farmer and the mother of three sons. Her stories have been published in various literary magazines in Japan and abroad and reflect her Žlife storyʼ asa foreigner residing in that country. In this article, I will focus on her 'creative non-fictionʼ stories.

  11. Belarussian roulette / Wendy Perron

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Perron, Wendy

    2004-01-01

    Kaasaegse koreograafia festival Vitebskis, Valgevenes (november 2003). Auhindadega pärjati tantsutruppe Eestist, Poolast, Venemaalt, Saksamaalt ja Hiinast. Muljetavaldanud etteastete seas leiab äramärkimist ka Tiina Olleski töö (Fine Five Tantsuteater) : "Eesti tantsija Tiina Ollesk, kes võitis auhinna hea koostööga dueti eest, kontrollis oivaliselt oma liigutusi, andes tavapärastele zhestidele elegantse grandioossuse"

  12. Nationalism, racism and propaganda in early Weimar Germany: contradictions in the campaign against the "black horror on the Rhine".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roos, Julia

    2012-01-01

    During the early 1920s, an average of 25,000 colonial soldiers from North Africa, Senegal and Madagascar formed part of the French army of occupation in the Rhineland. The campaign against these troops, which used the racist epithet ‘black horror on the Rhine’ (schwarze Schmach am Rhein), was one of the most important propaganda efforts of the Weimar period. In black horror propaganda, images of alleged sexual violence against Rhenish women and children by African French soldiers served as metaphors for Germany’s ‘victimization’ through the Versailles Treaty. Because the campaign initially gained broad popular and official support, historians have tended to consider the black horror a successful nationalist movement bridging political divides and strengthening the German nation state. In contrast, this essay points to some of the contradictions within the campaign, which often crystallized around conflicts over the nature of effective propaganda. Extreme racist claims about the Rhineland’s alleged ‘mulattoization’ (Mulattisierung) increasingly alienated Rhinelanders and threatened to exacerbate traditional tensions between the predominantly Catholic Rhineland and the central state at a time when Germany’s western borders seemed rather precarious in the light of recent territorial losses and separatist agitation. There was a growing concern that radical strands within the black horror movement were detrimental to the cohesion of the German nation state and to Germany’s positive image abroad, and this was a major reason behind the campaign’s decline after 1921/22. The conflicts within the campaign also point to some hitherto neglected affinities between the black horror and subsequent Nazi propaganda.

  13. [Cosmos, coral and cultural milieu. The significance of the popular science connection in the late German Empire and the Weimar Republic].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schirrmacher, Arne

    2008-12-01

    This paper discusses the role of popular science communication for the 'cultural milieu' or more generally the 'environment' of scientists and science in Germany between c. 1900 and 1933 in the sense of Paul Forman. On the rich basis of diverse journals aiming at a differentiated public the discourse on atomic physics is sketched. Since the thesis of a general hostility towards atomic physics in particular and science in general cannot be accredited the question arises how widespread and in which sense a crisis of science was discussed in the Weimar years.

  14. Experimental Design Considerations in Measuring pH for the Wendy Schmidt Ocean Health XPRIZE Competition to Improve pH-sensing Technologies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okazaki, R. R.; Sutton, A.; Feely, R. A.; Dickson, A. G.; Alin, S. R.; Sabine, C. L.; Bunje, P. M. E.; Virmani, J. I.

    2016-02-01

    Ocean acidification is having widespread and varying effects on marine ecosystems. However, understanding these effects requires scientists to distinguish anthropogenic pH changes from natural variability, which in turn requires high-quality measurements over increased spatiotemporal scales. Glass pH electrodes are currently the most widespread pH-sensing technology used for seawater pH measurements; however, they tend to measure inconsistently as a consequence of a variety of random and systematic effects that are inherent in such measurements. Such effects introduce errors of unknown magnitude. Despite the recognized need for improved pH sensors for seawater pH measurement, spectrophotometric and ion-selective field-effect transistor approaches have become more prevalent only in the last 25 years but are cost-prohibitive for many potential users. The Wendy Schmidt Ocean Health XPRIZE competition addressed this technology gap by incentivizing research into improving the performance and affordability of pH sensors. The accuracy, precision, and stability of competitors' sensors were evaluated in a series of laboratory and field experiments. We describe the experimental design of these evaluations as well as measures taken to understand spatiotemporal variability in the test tank pH values and to reduce uncertainties in the measurement of pH. The chief concerns were controlling temperature, ensuring homogenous pH across the testing area, and establishing appropriate quality control procedures. This competition provides a template for future sensor evaluations by demonstrating how multiple sensors can be evaluated simultaneously in laboratory, coastal, and deep sea applications.

  15. Le concept de « droit social » : Gustav Radbruch et le renouvellement de la pensée du droit sous Weimar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nathalie Le Bouëdec

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Le concept de « droit social » progressivement élaboré par le juriste social-démocrate Gustav Radbruch durant la République de Weimar ne saurait être réduit à un programme politique de législation sociale en faveur des travailleurs. Cet article entend montrer qu’il s’agit bien d’un concept théorique spécifique analysant la transformation structurelle à l’œuvre dans le droit, à savoir le passage d’un droit individualiste à un droit social considérant chaque individualité dans sa situation sociale au sein de la communauté – cette transformation relevant elle-même de l’émergence d’une nouvelle conception de l’homme se substituant à celle de l’individualisme libéral. Cela permet à Radbruch d’envisager un droit adapté aux réalités de la société moderne et à même de penser la résolution de la contradiction entre égalité juridique et inégalités sociales. Si le droit social peut à ce titre apparaître comme un concept précurseur, l’insistance sur la nécessité de repenser l’articulation entre individu et communauté et les ambiguïtés que celle-ci engendre concernant le statut des droits individuels soulignent aussi l’ancrage de son discours dans les débats weimariens.

  16. Weimar, Euroopa kultuuripealinn / Peep Pillak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pillak, Peep, 1957-

    1999-01-01

    1999. a. Euroopa kultuuripealinnast Weimarist. Linna minevikust, Weimaris elanud suurmehi, juubelitest, mida tähistatakse 1999. a. 1552. a. asus Weimarisse Lucas Cranach, isa alustatut jätkas Lucas Cranach noorem. 1919. a. alustas Walter Gropiuse juhtimisel Weimaris tegevust Bauhaus, kus aastatel 1922-1925 töötasid ka Wassily Kandinsky, Paul Klee

  17. O espectro militar na literatura do início da República de Weimar (1919-1922: uma análise da crítica de Kurt Tucholsky

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anderson Roszik

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1984-784X.2016v16n25p126 O objetivo deste artigo é analisar como Kurt Tucholsky (1890-1935, nos anos iniciais da República de Weimar, tece sua crítica à presença do estrato militar na recém instaurada democracia alemã. O percurso elaborado por Tucholsky consiste em discussões sobre obras pertencentes a um dos principais campos de interesse de escrita da época: o da literatura de guerra, fração do campo literário importante para a compreensão do contexto imediato pós Primeira Guerra Mundial (1914-1918. Escritas por oficiais na forma de memórias, tais obras versam sobre a constituição das estruturas militares e suas correspondentes hierarquias até o desenvolvimento do aparelho oficial e seu controle na veiculação de notícias na imprensa. A análise dos textos de Tucholsky, publicados no periódico die Weltbühne, possibilita entrever as imbricações políticas, sociais e culturais da queda do sistema imperial e de seus estratos constitutivos face à crise estrutural nos primeiros anos de vida da república.

  18. El nacionalismo radical alemán y la cuestión de las minorías nacionales durante la República de Weimar (1919-1933

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xosé M. NÚÑEZ SEIXAS

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Tras la derrota en la I Guerra Mundial, Alemania tuvo que enfrentarse con un nuevo problema: la protección y defensa de los intereses de las minorías alemanas en Europa Centro-oriental, perjudicadas por la nueva situación geopolítica creada en el área. A la actividad diplomática oficial, desarrollada sobre todo a través de la Sociedad de Naciones, se unió la fuerte presión que sobre el Gobierno alemán ejercieron una multitud de organizaciones dedicadas a la defensa y protección de las minorías alemanas en el extranjero, que en parte se remontaban a organizaciones anteriores a 1914, pero que ahora reforzarán sus vínculos con el nacionalismo radical de orientación vólkisch. El nacionalismo alemán elaborará así una teoría acerca de la reordenación nacional del continente europeo, la defensa de los derechos de las minorías nacionales y la exaltación de las minorías como expresión más «pura » del carácter nacional alemán, acentuando sus características conservadoras y antiliberales. Entre los teóricos de esta corriente destacará sobre todo Max- Hildebert Boehm. Tras 1933, muchos de sus contenidos y propuestas serán transformados y reorientados por el nacionalsocialismo. ABSTRACT: After its defeat in World War I, Germany was obliged to face with a new problem: the protection and defence of the interests of the new Germán minorities dispersed through East-Central Europe. The intenese pressure exerted by a complex network of organisations, some of them existing prior to 1914, devoted to the defense of Germán minorities abroad, added a new element to the minorities policy developed by the Weimar Republic in Geneva. The movement for the defence of Germans abroad reinforced its links with the vólkisch-oriented Germán nationalism, and as a result of this a new theory on the national «reestructuring» of Europe was elaborated. The emphasis put on Germán minorities being a kind of «purest» expression of the

  19. Dictionary Unit for South African English, headed by Kathryn ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Information Technology

    probably comes from a Monty Python sketch set in a café in which every item on the menu includes sp(iced h)am. It is also good to see topical words in- cluded like the use of sledging in cricket, acronyms like FAQ and informal trun- cations like ex-con, and even ex- as a noun meaning 'a former husband or wife'. I remember ...

  20. Reality check for rosy view of convergence / Kathryn Tully

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tully, Kathryn

    2002-01-01

    Ülevaade EL-i kandidaatriikide aktsiaturgude arengust ja EL-iga liitumise edasilükkumisest tulenevatest ohtudest välisinvesteeringutele. Lisa. Tabelid ja skeem: kandidaatriikide EL-i ja Euroopa Rahaliiduga liitumise tõenäosus %-des jaanuar 2004-2007; kandidaatriikide poolt välisvaluutas välja antud võlakirjad jaanuar-august 2002; võimalikud takistused EL-i laienemise ajakavale

  1. Moving History: The Cinematic Regime of Historicity in Weimar Germany

    OpenAIRE

    Allred, Mason Kamana

    2015-01-01

    This study shows how historical film confronted popular memory and the dominant sense of history, to deconstruct and supplant these modes, resulting in a media revolution for historical transmission and experience. With its inherent potential and oft-lamented drawbacks, I argue that film came to shape a primary regime of historicity, one that made history internationally shared, primarily imagistic rather than narrative, explicitly constructed and a sensory experience specifically for embodie...

  2. Chapter 15. Parallel Fates? Weimar, Dessau and Moscow

    OpenAIRE

    Forgács, Éva

    2013-01-01

    WHEN in the autumn of 1930 Meyer took the train to Moscow, he as it were with his own body, drew a line connecting Bauhaus utopias and views of art to the parallel Soviet Russian theories. The wider historical and intellectual environment of the Bauhaus included not only those currents of international Constructivism that played a significant role in Germany, but also the source, the Soviet Russian avant-garde, with all of its ecstatic enthusiasm, sober pragmatism and analytic methods, futuri...

  3. The Daughter's Disenchantment: Incest as Pedagogy in Fairy Tales and Kathryn Harrison's the Kiss

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marshall, Elizabeth

    2004-01-01

    The Kiss, is described as a controversial memoir about father-daughter incest that disturbed the cultural silence in a "well heeled" home. The emotional and psychological terrain of the daughter's experience is discussed.

  4. For the Love of a Book: Wendy Fenner Shares Her Passion for Reading with Her Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blankenship, Judy

    1998-01-01

    Describes the creative instructional techniques used to teach and encourage reading at Clackamas Elementary School, Oregon: reading-ability grouping across grades two through six; child-generated vocabulary; peer-to-peer reading; self-esteem reinforcement; and combined use of whole-language, phonics, and cueing strategies. Emphasizes use of…

  5. Strategies used to counteract bullying in schools : a comparative study / Wendy Batterbee

    OpenAIRE

    Batterbee, Wendy Ann

    2007-01-01

    This is an in-depth comparative study of the strategies used to counteract bullying at schools. It provides an international perspective on such strategies: Studies in South African schools are used to provide an African perspective: Australian research is used to provide an Oceanian perspective: Japanese research to provide an Asian perspective; and research conducted in England is used to provide an European perspective on bullying at schools. The extent and nature of bullying in schools...

  6. MASCULINITY IN QUESTION IN TIME OF UNEMPLOYMENT IN WENDY HOLDEN'S THE FULL MONTY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefanny Irawan

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Men see masculinity as a form of identity as an individual as well as a group. This identity is usually attached to the jobs men have because of the traditional gender work division where men is put in a role as a breadwinner of their families. When they are out of work, they also lose their sense of identity, hence, their sense of worth as they think that they are on the brink of losing their masculinity. This is the condition that befalls the three male characters, Gaz, Dave and Gerald, in The Full Monty. They feel that they have lost their masculinity when they lose their works thus, they hold on to ways that they think can preserve their sense of worth.

  7. Organizations Involving Youth in Leadership Positions: A Conversation with Wendy Wheeler

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kimball, Colette

    2005-01-01

    Based on her experiences working with various organizations to develop strategies to support young people and strengthen communities, Ms. Wheeler answers our questions on involving youth in leadership positions.

  8. Fragmente "Lüürikast" / Wendy Saloman ; inglise keelest tlk. Doris Kareva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saloman, Wendy

    2001-01-01

    Sisu : "Kannikesed olid kreeklaste surmalilled..."; "Foto kannikestest on hakanud äärtest keerduma. Leidsid nad lumest sel..."; "Kujutle Isist kogumas surnud Osirise tükke..."; "Kujutlus on igaviku tööriist..."; "Mäletada tuba tähendab mäletada mis tahes tuba hommikuvalgusega läbi..."; "Aeg muutis su ujedaks. Eebenipuust kell kaminasimsil meenutas sulle..."; "Kuidas saaksin mäletada tuba, mäletamata su puudumist..."; "Mälestus uhub üle su kuju nagu valguse mäng veel. Ometi, kui mõtlen..."; "Armastasime võimalust endis..."; "Kummaline on meenutada käte intiimsust: hoidjad ja avastajad, sõnade..."; "Vahel öeldakse, et kaamera on surma tööriist..."; "Nostalgia koondub su kujus..."; "Tamariskipuu hõrk hõng tõmbas Isise Byblosse..."; "Aprillis on hetki, mil koobaltsinine taevas on südame saadik..."; "Ja mõnegi meelest on Mercurius kaamera vaim ja fotograafia alkeemia..."; Isis öeldakse olevat muusadest esimene..."; "Suveregati kiirusel ummistab mälu Herakleitose jõe..."; "Möödunud ööl üllatasid mind unes..."; "Sõnad kargavad meelde, kaovad, kujutud fragmendid igavesest kogemusest..."

  9. Individuality and modernity in Berlin: self and society from Weimar to the Wall

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Föllmer, M.

    2013-01-01

    Moritz Föllmer traces the history of individuality in Berlin from the late 1920s to the construction of the Berlin Wall in August 1961. The demand to be recognised as an individual was central to metropolitan society, as were the spectres of risk, isolation and loss of agency. This was true under

  10. Asesinos victorianos en la República de Weimar. De psycho killers y femmes fatales

    OpenAIRE

    Santamaría Blasco, Lourdes

    2014-01-01

    Recoge los trabajos presentados en el II Congreso sobre arte, literatura y cultura gótica urbana, celebrado en mayo 2013 en la Universidad Autónoma de Madrid Ladies & Glentemen: les presentamos la historia de Jack the Ripper en el siniestro NachtKabarett de Berlín años 20, donde los “artistas degenerados” George Grosz y Otto Dix se convierten en el Doppelgänger de Jack, perpetrando en sus pinturas los crímenes más atroces, casi al mismo tiempo que los lustmörder Peter Kürten y ...

  11. Die Deutsche Statistische Gesellschaft in der Weimarer Republik und während der Nazidiktatur

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilke, Jürgen

    Nach anfänglichen Schwierigkeiten durch den 1. Weltkrieg erlangte die Deutsche Statistische Gesellschaft (DStatG) unter dem renommierten Statistiker und Vorsitzenden der DStatG, Friedrich Zahn, durch eine Vielzahl von Aktivitäten hohes Ansehen. Es gab Bestrebungen, Statistiker aus allen Arbeitsfeldern der Statistik in die DStatG zu integrieren, wobei die "Mathematische Statistik" nur zögerlich akzeptiert wurde (Konjunkturforschung, Zeitreihenanalyse). Nach der Machtübernahme 1933 durch Adolf Hitler geriet die DStatG in das Fahrwasser nationalsozialistischer Ideologie und Politik (Führerprinzip, Gleichschaltung des Vereinswesens). Damit war eine personelle Umstrukturierung in der DStatG verbunden. Politisch Missliebige und rassisch Verfolgte mussten die DStatG verlassen (Bernstein, Freudenberg, Gumbel u.a.). Unter den Statistikern gab es alle Abstufungen im Verhalten zum Regime von Ablehnung und zwangsweiser Anpassung über bereitwilliges Mitläufertum bis zu bewusster Täterschaft. Besonders die Bevölkerungsstatistik wurde durch die NS- Rassenpolitik auf lange Sicht diskreditiert. Im Rahmen von Wirtschaftsplanung und Aufrüstung wurden neue zukunftsträchtige statistische Modelle (Grünig, Bramstedt, Leisse) entwickelt.

  12. ‘No, Thank You, Mr Stork!’: Voluntary Childlessness in Weimar and Contemporary Germany

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christina Benninghaus

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Voluntary childlessness is often perceived as a contemporary phenomenon. This article traces its history by looking at demographic data and visual representations of childlessness from the 1920s and 1930s. At that time, childlessness was on the rise among Germany's young urban couples – a development that inspired concern and controversy. Caricatures, films, plays and other representations testify to the growing fascination with childlessness. Even images used in population propaganda appear as strangely ambivalent. While they were intended to criticise childlessness, they also insinuate the pleasures of a child-free existence. These, however, were time-specific. As comparisons with more recent images show that the "value of childlessness" as invoked by visual representations has shifted significantly.

  13. "No fertile soil for pathogens": rayon, advertising, and biopolitics in late Weimar Germany.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lane, Yvette Florio

    2010-01-01

    Recent research on twentieth-century German history has begun to re-examine the centrality of race as a category of analysis. While not discounting its importance in the shaping and enacting of Nazi policies and practices, race is seen instead as one among many factors leading to the crimes of the Nazi regime. In this paper, the author considers the role consumerist desires and fantasies played in the wider context of the inter-war European fascination with notions of technology, "hygiene," democracy, and modernity. Using advertisements that were created to promote manufactured-fiber (rayon) apparel, this article suggests that continuities across cultures and time periods necessitate a re-evaluation of race as the signal organizing principal. Instead, the author argues that by complicating the intersections between class, science and technology, and an emerging, but troubling, modernity, 1920s rayon advertising offers an especially rich site for analysis of the ways in which biopolitics and nascent consumerism both sold products and constructed ideologies before 1933, and influenced the post-war welfare state.

  14. Overlooking the Gender and Sexuality of a “Woman in Science” Physicist Lise Meitner in Weimar Berlin

    OpenAIRE

    Vogt, Elizabeth C.

    2010-01-01

    Lise Meitner has become a feminist icon both because of her successful career as a “woman in science” and because of the extensive discrimination she faced, discrimination that was multi-faceted but based primarily on her gender and Jewish ancestry. Through her research on radioactivity and nuclear physics, Meitner was familiar with the frustration of being close to a discovery but overlooking a crucial observation or being unable to interpret key experimental results. Before identifying nu...

  15. [The Revista médica de Hamburgo. A medical journal as an instrument of German foreign cultural propaganda during the Weimar Republic].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wulf, Stefan

    2013-01-01

    After the First World War, foreign cultural policy became one of the few fields in which Germany could act relatively free from the restrictions of the Treaty of Versailles. In this context, in 1920 the Hamburg doctors Brauer, Nocht and Mühlens created a monthly medical journal in Spanish (and a bit of Portuguese) for use as an instrument of cultural propaganda, i.e. to increase German influence in Spain and, more importantly, in the countries of Latin America: the Revista médica de Hamburgo (since 1928 Revista médica germano-ibero-americana). The focus of the article is on the protagonists of the Revista project, i.e. the Hamburg doctors, the Cultural Department of the Foreign Office in Berlin, the German pharmaceutical industry, and the publishing houses involved: their conceptions and actions; their correspondence, negotiations, agreements and controversies.

  16. Energy-oriented modernisation of prefabricated residential buildings in East Germany, illustrated by the example of large-panel buildings at Weimar, Ludwig-Feuerbach-Str. 10-18; Energetische Sanierung des industriell errichteten Wohnungsbaus in den neuen Bundeslaendern am Beispiel der Grossblockbauweise in Weimar, Ludwig-Feuerbach-Str. 10 bis 18

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reiss, J.; Erhorn, H. [Fraunhofer-Institut fuer Bauphysik, Stuttgart (Germany); Augner, R.; Warnstedt, K. [Weimarer Wohnstaette GmbH, Weimar (Germany); Nitschke, S.; Wenzel, P. [Architektengemeinschaft Nitschke-Donath, Weimar (Germany)

    1997-12-31

    The demonstration object with 40 residential units is described in the condition prior to its redevelopment. The parts of the redevelopment concept dealing with energy conservation and design are discussed in detail. Further, the execution of the construction work and the measurements necessary to make a thermal and energetic analysis of the building are described. In tabulated form, heat energy consumption quantities are listed as a function of space air temperature. Similarly, the cost of redevelopment and area-specific costs of the thermal insulation systems installed at the building are indicated. (MSK) [Deutsch] Das Demonstrationsobjekt mit 40 Wohnungen wird in seinem Zustand vor der Sanierung beschrieben. Die energetischen Massnahmen des Sanierungskonzepts sowie gestalterische Massnahmen werden naeher erlaeutert. Weiter werden die Bauausfuehrung und die fuer die thermische und energetische Gebaeudeanalyse notwendigen Messungen beschrieben. Tabellarische werden die Heizwaermeverbraeuche in Abhaengigkeit von der Raumlufttemperatur aufgezeigt. Ebenso sind die Kosten fuer die Sanierung sowie die flaechenspezifischen Kosten fuer die am Gebaeude ausgefuehrten Daemmsysteme aufgefuehrt.

  17. ["With all measures...". Appeal proceedings and political specialty disputes about orthopedics at the Berlin University and the Charité during the time of the Kaiser Empire, the Weimar Republic and national socialism].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Philipp, Osten

    2012-01-01

    In 1934 the NSDAP University-Commission forced the president of the German Society of Surgery and the chairman of the German Orthopaedic Society to sign a reconciliation agreement. First of all, orthopaedists and surgeons were ordered to refrain from attacking each other in public. In the future, in the event of any complaints, they were to address the 'Reichsärzteführung' at the Ministry of the Interior. On the basis of papers and documents from the archives of the medical faculty, the East German Ministry for State Security and the former Berlin Document Centre, this article describes the history of the emerging medical specialty orthopaedics at the University of Berlin and the Charité hospital. It covers a period from 1890 through 1945 and focuses on the varying relations between political authorities, medical associations and the faculty. The main attention is given to ethical and economic disputes and to the way in which professors for orthopaedics were appointed. The two pioneers of orthopaedic surgery, Julius Wolff and Albert Hoffa had to overcome less resistance than their successors Georg Joachimsthal and Hermann Gocht. Gocht's fate changed, when the NSDAP took Power. As a protégé of the regime he represented the medical faculty during the period of political cleansing. In 1937 the appointment of the orthopaedist Lothar Kreuz as a full member of the medical faculty was no longer a university matter anymore. His appointment was negotiated entirely within the organisations of the NSDAP. Politically approved, Kreuz served as dean of the medical faculty and later was to be the last rector of the University of Berlin. For the first time, this article documents the connections between Kreuz, the paramilitary squadron of the party SS, and key political figures.

  18. Breve til Charlotte

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Anne Scott; Petersen, Annelise Ballegaard

    En kommenteret udgivelse med indledning, noter og registre mv. af brevveksling mellem Charlotte Schimmelmann (Sølyst) og Charlotte Schiller (Weimar) 1797-1916......En kommenteret udgivelse med indledning, noter og registre mv. af brevveksling mellem Charlotte Schimmelmann (Sølyst) og Charlotte Schiller (Weimar) 1797-1916...

  19. Ernst Odefey 1882 1964: Leben und Werk des Hamburger Maiers und Grafikers(Ernst Odefey 1882 1964: Life and Work of the Hamburger Painter and Printmaker)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    Engagement, einen geeigneten und reprasentativen Ausstellungsort zu finden . Unser ganz besonderer Dank gilt der Helmut-Schmidt-Universitat und Herrn...Tier- und Landschaftsmalerei. Ludwig von Hofmann (1903 nach Weimar berufen) gilt als einer der deutschen Hauptvertreter der naturlyrischen Variante...Schneider, der Maler gro13er Figurenkompositionen, und Theodor Hagen, der als der Haupt- vertreter der Weimarer Malerschule gilt und der bis zu

  20. Uuemat kirjandusteadust Saksast (4) : Böhlau esitleb Austriat / Jaan Undusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Undusk, Jaan, 1958-

    1996-01-01

    Arvustus: Hall, Murray G.; Renner, Gerhard. Handbuch der Nachlässe und Sammlungen österreichischer Autoren. 2., neu bearbeitete und erweiterte Auflage. Wien - Köln - Weimar : Böhlau Verlag, 1995 ; Kontinent Bernhard : Zur Thomas - Bernhard - Rezeption in Europa / Hrsg. Wolfram Bayer, Claude Porcell. Wien - Köln - Weimar : Böhlau Verlag, 1995

  1. Key issues for mountain areas

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Price, Martin F; Jansky, Libor; Iatsenia, Andrei A

    2004-01-01

    ... and livelihood opportunities . . . ... Safdar Parvez and Stephen F. Rasmussen 86 6 Mountain tourism and the conservation of biological and cultural diversity... Wendy Brewer Lama and Nikhat Sattar 11...

  2. 8 May 2014 - W. Watson-Wright, Assistant Director General and Executive Secretary UNESCO Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Assistant Director-General for the Natural Sciences Sector ad interim visiting the CMS cavern with CMS Collaboration Deputy Spkokesperson K. Borras. Adviser to the Director-General, in charge of Relations with International Organisations M. Bona present throughout.

    CERN Multimedia

    Brice, Maximilien

    2014-01-01

    Ms Wendy Watson-Wright Assistant Director General and Executive Secretary UNESCO Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Assistant Director-General for the Natural Sciences Sector ad interim UNESCO

  3. 76 FR 7757 - Guidance on Reporting Interest Paid to Nonresident Aliens; Correction

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-11

    ... Nonresident Aliens; Correction AGENCY: Internal Revenue Service (IRS), Treasury. ACTION: Correction to notice... and paid to nonresident alien individuals. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Kathryn Holman at (202...

  4. ‘”Cannon fodder for respectable question marks”: Fritz Saxl and the history of the Warburg Library’. Review of: Dorothea McEwan, Fritz Saxl – Eine Biografie: Aby Warburgs Bibliothekar und Erster Direktor des Londoner Warburg Institutes, Wien, Köln, Weimar: Böhlau Verlag, 2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mark A. Russell

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available As the first Archivist of The Warburg Institute, University of London, from 1993 until her retirement in 2006, Dorothea McEwan compiled the database of the Aby Warburg Correspondence. McEwan has published and lectured widely on Warburg and Fritz Saxl. The present book is preceded by two previous volumes treating the Warburg-Saxl correspondence: Das Ausreiten der Ecken, Hamburg: Dölling und Galitz, 1998; and Wanderstrassen der Kultur, München und Hamburg: Dölling und Galitz, 2004. Based largely on Fritz Saxl’s correspondence in his various capacities as Aby Warburg’s principal aid and successor, this recounting of the Austrian scholar’s life and work is presented as a narration of the events of his professional career, and not as an intellectual biography per se. Saxl is situated within a history of the Warburg Library, is pictured as devoted to Warburg and his work, and is shown to have been critical to the functioning and survival of the Library in its various forms. As such, the book suggests that Saxl’s greatest achievement was his administrative and organizational contribution to what became the Warburg Institute. Surveying and integrating a large body of material, the author provides the necessary outlines of a career and corpus of scholarship worthy of further exploration.

  5. [Encapsulated voices : Estonian sound recordings from the German prisoner-of-war camps in 1916-1918] / Tõnu Tannberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tannberg, Tõnu, 1961-

    2013-01-01

    Arvustus: Encapsulated voices : Estonian sound recordings from the German prisoner-of-war camps in 1916-1918 (Das Baltikum in Geschichte und Gegenwart, 5). Hrsg. von Jaan Ross. Böhlau Verlag. Köln, Weimar und Wien 2012

  6. Lukku pandud hääled / Nele Salveste

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Salveste, Nele

    2012-01-01

    Arvustus: Ross, Jaan (ed.). Encapsulated voices. Estonian sound recordings from the German Prisoner-of-War camps in 1916-1918. Das Baltikum in Geschichte und Gegenwart, Bd. 5. Köln/Weimar/Wien : Böhlau, 2012

  7. [Raamat] / Juhan Kreem

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kreem, Juhan

    2003-01-01

    Rets. rmt.: Jahnke, Carsten. Das Silber des Meeres. Fang und Vertrieb von Ostseehering zwischen Norwegen und Italien (12.-16. Jahrhundert). Quellen und Darstellungen zur hansischen Geschichte N. F. Köln, Weimar, Wien, 2000

  8. ["Schleichwege" : inoffizielle Begegnungen sozialistischer Staatsbürger zwischen 1956 und 1989] / Oliver Pagel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pagel, Oliver, 1984-

    2013-01-01

    Arvustus: "Schleichwege" : inoffizielle Begegnungen sozialistischer Staatsbürger zwischen 1956 und 1989. Hrsg. von Włodzimierz Borodziej, Jerzy Kochanowski, Joachim von Puttkamer. Böhlau Verlag. Köln, Weimar und Wien 2010

  9. [Jörg Driesner, Robert Riemen. Spiegel und Bilder in den Nachlassinventaren deutscher Kaufleute in Reval im 18. Jahrhundert] / Paul Kaegbein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaegbein, Paul

    2006-01-01

    Arvustus: Jörg Driesner u. Robert Riemen. Spiegel und Bilder in den Nachlassinventaren deutscher Kaufleute in Reval im 18. Jahrhundert. In: Land und Meer. Köln, Weimar, Wien: Böhlau 2004. S. 165-198.

  10. Der ,Neue Mann' zwischen Familie und Beruf : Erkundungen bei Hans Fallada und Joseph Breitbach

    OpenAIRE

    Albert, Claudia

    2014-01-01

    Falladas „Kleiner Mann“ gehört zu den Erfolgstiteln der späten Weimarer Republik und darf bis heute mit uneingeschränktem Publikumsinteresse rechnen. Empathisch, realitätsnah, detailreich, aber wenig politisch engagiert, rief die Darstellung der absinkenden Mittelschicht schon in der Weimarer Republik den Vorwurf der „linken Melancholie“ hervor, der neben Fallada auch Kästner traf. Noch 1970 diente diese Kategorie dem Literaturwissenschaftler Helmut Lethen als Kampf- und Abwehrbegriff gegen e...

  11. The Great War and German Memory

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leese, Peter

    2012-01-01

    Review essay on Jason Crouthamel, The Great War and German Memory. Society, Politics and Psychological Trauma, 1914-18 (2009) and Anton Kaes, Shell Shock Cinema: Weimar Culture and the Wounds of War (2009)......Review essay on Jason Crouthamel, The Great War and German Memory. Society, Politics and Psychological Trauma, 1914-18 (2009) and Anton Kaes, Shell Shock Cinema: Weimar Culture and the Wounds of War (2009)...

  12. Relevancy of Serum Calcium in Predicting Blood Product Transfusion in Trauma

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-08-10

    NC; Kathryn Lindsay, RN; Lt Col Bradley Putty, MOANG, MC; Maj Jason Grimm, USAF, NC; Carl Freeman, MD Air Force Expeditionary Medical Skills...AUTHOR(S) Lt Col Rance Bryan, Kathryn Lindsay, Lt Col Bradley Putty, Maj Jason Grimm, Dr. Carl Freeman 5d. PROJECT NUMBER 5e. TASK NUMBER

  13. Conflict, Cooperation, and Viability: Interstate Water Resources and Domestic Water Use in the Middle East

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-01

    Economist: A Special Report on Water, May 22, 2010: 1. 9 Nils Peter Gleditsch, Kathryn Furlong , Havard Hegre, Bethany Lacina and Taylor Owen...www.transboundarywaters.orst.edu/publications/atlas/atlas_html/interagree. html (accessed Feb 07, 2011). Gleditsch, Nils Peter, Kathryn Furlong , Havard Hegre

  14. Reflections on a decade of delivering PMTCT in Khayelitsha, South ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2014-03-02

    Mar 2, 2014 ... Kathryn Stinson, Vivian Cox, Maryirene Ibeto, Gilles van Cutsem and Eric Goemaere represent Médecins Sans Frontières,. Cape Town, South Africa. Kathryn Stinson, Gilles van Cutsem, Katherine Hilderbrand, Andrew Boulle, David Coetzee and Eric. Goemaere are affiliated with the Centre for Infectious ...

  15. A Comparative Review of Three Microbiology Student Study Resources

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JMBE Production Editor

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Correction for Wendy A. Dustman, “A Comparative Review of Three Microbiology Student Study Resources,” which appeared in the Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education, volume 12, number 2, December 2011, pages 214–216.

  16. Physical Therapy and Facioscapulohumeral Muscular Dystrophy (FSHD)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Physical Therapy & FSHD Facioscapulohumeral Muscular Dystrophy A Guide for Patients & Physical Therapists Authors: Wendy M. King, P.T., ... expertise and patient preferences. The goals of any physical therapy plan of care are to assist patients to:  ...

  17. 76 FR 28209 - Committee on Regulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-16

    ... information about remote access and obtaining special accommodation for persons with disabilities), and... for approximately 90 minutes. At the meeting, Professor Wendy Wagner of the University of Texas Law...

  18. Antioxidants: Protecting Healthy Cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Workout Nutrition Timing Your Pre- and Post-Workout Nutrition weights and fruits Building Muscle on a Vegetarian Diet For Kids For Parents For Men For Women For Seniors Antioxidants - Protecting Healthy Cells Reviewed by Wendy Marcason, ...

  19. Workshop on Populations & Crowds: Dynamics, Disruptions and their Computational Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-01

    18. Mark Turner, Cognitive Science, Case Western Reserve 19. Arvind Verma, Criminology , Indiana University 20. Nick Weller, USC Political Science...21. Wendy Wood, USC Social Psychology In addition, several key researchers from federal government agencies were also invited. These

  20. Out of Time: The Limits of Secular Critique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Holly Randell-Moon

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available A review of Talal Asad, Wendy Brown, Judith Butler, Saba Mahmood, Is Critique Secular? Blasphemy, Injury, and Free Speech and Michael Warner, Jonathan Vanantwerpen, and Craig Calhoun (eds, Varieties of Secularism in a Secular Age.

  1. Out of time : the limits of secular critique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Randell-Moon, Holly

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available A review of Talal Asad, Wendy Brown, Judith Butler, Saba Mahmood, 'Is critique secular? Blasphemy, injury, and free speech' and Michael Warner, Jonathan Vanantwerpen, and Craig Calhoun (eds, 'Varieties of secularism in a secular age'.

  2. 77 FR 54944 - Designation of the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) as a Specially Designated Global Terrorist...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-06

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE... shall be published in the Federal Register. Dated: August 28, 2012. Wendy R. Sherman, Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs. BILLING CODE 4710-10-P ...

  3. Eripreemia Priit Tenderile

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2000-01-01

    Eesti Joonisfilmi film "Viola" võitis VIII Hiroshima rahvusvahelisel animafilmide festivalil žürii eripreemia. Peapreemia sai Kanada "When the Day Breaks" : režissöörid Wendy Tilby ja Amanda Forbis

  4. Eesti animafilm osales Annecys

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Animafilmifestivalil Annecys osales neli Eesti filmi : Priit Pärna joonisfilm "Karl ja Marilyn", Rao Heidmetsa nukufilm "Instinkt", David Snowmani joonisfilm "Frank ja Wendy. Hungerburger" ja Meelis Arulepa reklaamfilm "Animated Dreams 2003"

  5. Autonomía, conformidad y rebelión: movimientos y culturas juveniles en Alemania en el periodo de entreguerras

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elizabeth Harvey

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available This article explores continuities and discontinuities between youth movements and youth cultures of the Weimar period and those during the Nazi era. A diverse spectrum of youth organizations in Weimar Germany provided millions of young people with leisure opportunities along with the chance to pursue common interests and ideas in a peer group setting. After 1933, the Nazi regime destroyed the pluralism of Weimar youth culture while seeking to adopt some features of pre-1933 youth movements in its drive to enforce conformity on an entire younger generation. In turn, this drive provoked a range of defiant responses from young people who sought to subvert and evade the Hitler Youth and assert their autonomy by drawing on elements of pre-1933 youth culture.

  6. 75 FR 69158 - Quarterly Publication of Individuals, Who Have Chosen To Expatriate, as Required by Section 6039G

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-10

    ... Douglas Rodd Celia Jane Rogers-Perz Beryl M. Sabukosek Thomas Michael Sakai Sumie Sattler Glenn Francis... Vaughn Kathryn Blair Vermandel Kurt Vice Consul Marc J. Young Vlad Lucian Von Stiernhielm Maximilian Olof...

  7. National Stroke Association

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming Go National Stroke Association Our mission is to reduce the incidence ... presentation. Watch Video Now Featured Story Faces of Stroke All Kathryn could hear were faint voices as ...

  8. Naised mõrvarite jälil / Kaisa Karu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karu, Kaisa

    2010-01-01

    Kanal 2 ekraanil kaks naispeaosalistega krimisarja : uurija Lilly Rush (Kathryn Morris) sarjas "Jahtunud jälg" (USA, 2003-... ) ja Brenda Leigh Johnson (Kyra Sedgwick) seriaalis "Vahelevõtja" (USA, 2005-... )

  9. 76 FR 2852 - Guidance on Reporting Interest Paid to Nonresident Aliens; Correction

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-18

    ... Nonresident Aliens; Correction AGENCY: Internal Revenue Service (IRS), Treasury. ACTION: Correction to a... nonresident alien individuals. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Kathryn Holman, (202) 622-3840 (not a toll...

  10. Pop / Mart Kuldkepp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuldkepp, Mart

    2008-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: Me, Myself and I "Aastaajad", Madonna "Hard Candy", Kathryn Williams and Neill MacColl "Two", Tindersticks "The Hungry Saw", Joy Division "The Best of Joy Divison", Quiet Village "Silent Movie"

  11. Improving effective surgical delivery in humanitarian disasters: lessons from Haiti.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kathryn Chu

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Kathryn Chu and colleagues describe the experiences of Médecins sans Frontières after the 2010 Haiti earthquake, and discuss how to improve delivery of surgery in humanitarian disasters.

  12. Sustainable Construction in Afghanistan

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-01

    Publishers, 2004), 101–103; Kathryn Rhyner-Pozak, “ Grupo Sofonias: Knowledge in the Hands of the People,” in Building without Borders: Sustainable...10, 1970, http://untreaty.un.org/unts/1_60000/21/35/00041746.pdf. 46 Kathryn ,, “Case Study: Grupo Sofonias: Knowledge in the Hands of the People...Counterinsurgency as “those military, paramilitary, political, economic, psychological , and civic actions taken by a government to defeat insurgency

  13. An Evaluation of the TRIPS Computer System (Extended Technical Report)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-07-08

    Mario Marino Nitya Ranganathan Behnam Robatmili Aaron Smith James Burrill Stephen W. Keckler Doug Burger Kathryn S. McKinley Computer Architecture and...Marino, Nitya Ranganathan, Behnam Robatmili, Aaron Smith, James Burrill, Stephen W. Keckler, Doug Burger , Kathryn S. McKinley; ASPLOS 2009, Washington DC...Reinhardt. The M5 Simulator: Modeling Networked Systems. In IEEE Micro, pages 52–60, July/August 2006. [2] D. Burger , S. W. Keckler, K. S. McKinley

  14. A Contingent Affinity: Max Weber, Carl Schmitt, and the Challenge of Modern Politics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Magalhães, Pedro T

    2016-01-01

    The thesis that the theory of charismatic-plebiscitary democracy developed by Max Weber in the wake of the Weimar Republic was developed to its ultimate consequences by Carl Schmitt in the final crisis of Weimar has been hotly debated since it was first advanced in the 1950s. This paper proposes a fresh look at the controversy. By comparing both authors' concepts of politics in their relation to the problem of modernity, it argues that the Weber-Schmitt affair is neither a baseless legend nor a case of natural continuity. Instead, it should rather be understood in terms of a contingent affinity.

  15. Thomas Jefferson's Academical Village

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Foote, Jonathan; Frohburg, Jan

    2017-01-01

    This is an essay written for the Festschrift of Karl-Heinz Schmitz, Professor at Bauhaus-Universität Weimar. It reflects on some aspects of Thomas Jefferson's design for the University of Virginia in relation to Professor's Schmitz' teachings and interests.......This is an essay written for the Festschrift of Karl-Heinz Schmitz, Professor at Bauhaus-Universität Weimar. It reflects on some aspects of Thomas Jefferson's design for the University of Virginia in relation to Professor's Schmitz' teachings and interests....

  16. [Deutschland, Russland und das Baltikum] / Bogus̮aw Dyba{250}

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Dyba{250}, Bogus̮aw

    2006-01-01

    Rets. rmt.: Deutschland, Russland und das Baltikum. Beiträge zu einer Geschichte wechselvoller Beziehungen. Festschrift zum 85. Geburtstag von Peter Krupnikow, hrsg. v. Florian Anton und Leonid Luks (=Schriften des Zentralinstituts für Mittel- und Osteuropastudien. Bd.7), Böhlau Verlag, Köln-Weimar-Wien, 2005

  17. Kontinuiteten i den antidemokratiske tænkning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sontheimer, Kurt

    2009-01-01

    associated with the conservative revolution who, after the First World War, attempted to oppose liberalism and replace the Weimar Republic with new political structures. Sontheimer's main thesis is that these intellectuals indirectly prepared the ground for the National Socialists by creating an atmosphere...

  18. Rewriting African Art: Viktor Leo Frobenius and his “Ologun ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The seizure of Germany's colonies in postwar-Weimar Republic by the allies created new interesting narratives from and about their former colonies or colonies in general. Among the groups influential in evoking German desires for the “exotic” in books and celluloid were archaeologists and ethnologists. One interesting ...

  19. Het geweten van Duitsland : Friedrich Meinecke als pleitbezorger van het Duitse historisme

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Krol, Reinbert Arnout

    2013-01-01

    The German historian Friedrich Meinecke (1862-1954) lived through all major political en intellectual events of modern Germany. The unification of Germany in 1871, the First World War, the ‘Crisis of Historicism’, the Weimar Republic, the Third Reich, the Second World War, and the subsequent

  20. From osp(1|32)⊕osp(1|32) to the M-theory superalgebra: a contraction procedure

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fernández, J. J., E-mail: julio.j.fernandez@hotmail.es; Izquierdo, J. M., E-mail: izquierd@fta.uva.es; Olmo, M. A. del, E-mail: olmo@fta.uva.es [Universidad de Valladolid, Departamento de Física Teórica and IMUVA (Spain)

    2017-03-15

    We show the impossibility to obtain the D’auria–Fré-type superalgebras that allow for an underlying gauge theoretical structure of D = 11 supergravity from the superalgebra osp(1|32)⊕osp(1|32)−, by means of aWeimar-Woods contraction.

  1. Adult Education in Germany from the Middle Ages to 1980.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Textor, Martin R.

    1986-01-01

    The history of adult education in Germany is examined, including the power of the Church during the Middle Ages, self-instruction in informal groups during the Renaissance, Lutheran influence during the Reformation, emphasis on reason and science during the Enlightenment period, industrialization, the Weimar Republic, the Third Reich, and post-war…

  2. German Expressionism: The Road to Hitler

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gittleman, Sol

    1976-01-01

    Describes an interdisciplinary college course involving the use of films, slides and readings from fields such as history, psychology, science, and literature, while at the same time taking full advantage of the historical similarities between a unique pairing of historical moments: Weimar Germany and America of the sixties. (Author)

  3. Judicial Review and the Perfect Gift

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Administrator

    Dyzenhaus D Legality and Legitimacy: Carl Schmitt, Hans Kelsen and. Hermann Heller in Weimar (Oxford University Press Oxford 1997). Dyzenhaus Politics of Deference. Dyzenhaus D "The Politics of Deference: Judicial Review and Democracy" in Taggart M (ed) The Province of Administrative Law (Hart Publishing.

  4. Bibliographies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Halsted, Ann L., Comp.

    1983-01-01

    Two annotated bibliographies of books are compiled, one devoted to Roosevelt and the New Deal, the other concerned with Hitler, the Weimar Republic, and the rise of Nazism. Annotations indicate scope of the work and occasionally point out bias or point of view. (CS)

  5. The power of legality : Practices of international law and their politics

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rajkovic, Nikolas; Aalberts, Tanja; Gammeltoft-Hansen, Thomas

    • 12 Chapter edited volume, with foreword by Martti Koskenniemi. Produced over 3 years, and involving 3 international workshops (Krakow, Florence and Weimar). Volume was accepted for publication with unanimous endorsement of all 4 CUP reviewers. From an airstrip in Saudi Arabia, the CIA launches

  6. [Herzog...] / Jacek Wijaczka

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Wijaczka, Jacek

    2003-01-01

    Rets. rmt.: Herzog Albrecht von Preussen und Livland (1540-1551). Regesten aus dem Herzoglichen Briefarchiv und den Ostpreussischen Folianteen. Köln-Weimar-Wien : Stefan Hartmann Böhlau-Verlag, 2002 (Veröffentlichungen aus dem Archiven Preussischer Kulturbesitz, Bd. 54)

  7. Im Gespräch mit den Dante-Beständen der Herzogin Anna Amalia Bibliothek

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florian Mehltretter

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Dante: ein offenes Buch, hg. von Edoardo Costadura und Karl Philipp Ellerbrock im Auftrag der Klassik Stiftung Weimar/Herzogin Anna Amalia Bibliothek und der Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena (Berlin: Deutscher Kunstverlag, 2015, 216 S.

  8. Graafikatriennaali grand prix Korea kunstnikule

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1998-01-01

    Tallinna XI graafikatriennaali rahvusvaheline žürii andis grand prix korea kunstnikule Chung¡Sang-Gonile, kolm võrdset preemiat - soome kunstnikele Anita Jensenile ja Tapani Mikkonenile ning jaapani kunstnikule Estuko Obatale. Eesti Kunstimuuseumi preemia - Wendy Swallow. Tallinna linna preemia ja Ivar Luki sponsoripreemia - Walter Jule. Sponsoripreemiad : Paletti Eesti AS preemia - Inga Heamägi; Rannila Profiili preemia - Mojca Zlokarnik; UNDP preemia - Andrea Juan. Rotermanni soolalao arhitektuuri- ja kunstikeskuse diplom - Lis Ingram, Heli Päivikki Kurunsaari, Randi Strand, Wendy Swallow

  9. Tilbage før syndefaldet?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Arndal, Lars Stubbe

    2015-01-01

    Some voices in the recent field of literary theory argue that theory itself must be suspended. This is seen for instance in the case of Wendy Steiner, who characterizes the development of competing theories within the field of literature since the emergence of semiology as a ‘scientific parody...

  10. Joonisfilm lööb letile Eesti uue visiitkaardi / Tiit Tuumalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuumalu, Tiit, 1971-

    2004-01-01

    Täna avab PÖFFi allfestivali Animated Dreams täispikk joonisfilm "Frank ja Wendy", mille režissöörinime David Snowman taha varjunud autorid Priit Pärn, Ülo Pikkov, Priit Tender ja Kaspar Jancis filmitegemisest ka räägivad

  11. the reception of apphia in the fourth and fifth centuries ce

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    University of the Free State, Bloemfontein. E-mail: tolmief@ufs.ac.za. The financial support of the National Research Foundation towards this publication is hereby acknowledged. I also wish to express my gratitude to Wendy Mayer who read the article and made several valuable suggestions that I have incorporated in the ...

  12. 76 FR 64298 - Committee on Regulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-18

    ... by Professor Wendy E. Wagner for ACUS's ``Science in the Administrative Process'' project. The... of the University of Texas Law School is conducting research for the ACUS project on ``Science in the... 41 CFR 102-3.140(e) (permitting meetings conducted ``in whole or part by * * * the Internet...

  13. Distance Education: Having It Your Way

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cowan, Wendy; Gale, Mark

    2014-01-01

    Is it possible to build a virtual community for teaching and learning where students have opportunities for instructor and peer interaction? In this article, Wendy Cowan and Mark Gale describe such a community at Athens State University, where the college of education faculty designed a set of courses so that students had multiple choices for…

  14. Creative Cognition in Social Innovation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Mingming; Thagard, Paul

    2014-01-01

    Social innovations are creative products and changes that are motivated by social needs and bring value to society by meeting those needs. This article uses case studies to investigate the cognitive and social processes that contribute to creativity in social innovation. The cases are: Wendy Kopp with Teach For America in education, Cicely…

  15. U.S. Air Force School of Aerospace Medicine Laboratory Sampling and Analysis Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-11-15

    and analysis • Analytical methods • Statistical sampling scheme Common pitfalls to avoid during sample plan development include (1) non...a spreadsheet or statistical software package. An example spreadsheet is posted on the USAFSAM Analytical Services website (https...DAVID R . CARPENTER, PhD WENDY E. ODDEN, COL, USAF, BSC Senior Technology

  16. New Systems Produced by Systemic Change

    Science.gov (United States)

    Battino, Wendy; Clem, Jo; Caine, Renate N.; Reigeluth, Charles M.; Chapman, Carrie; Flinders, David J.; Malopinsky, Larissa V.

    2006-01-01

    This article presents new systems produced by systemic change. First is Systemic Changes in the Chugach School District by Wendy Battino and Jo Clem. Second is Systemic Changes in Public Schools through Brain-Based Learning by Renate N. Caine. Third is A Vision of an Information-Age Educational System by Charles M. Reigeluth. Fourth is Systemic…

  17. 75 FR 38144 - Investigations Regarding Certifications of Eligibility To Apply For Worker Adjustment Assistance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 06/08/10 06/04/10 (State/One-Stop). 74207 Wendy Fashions, Inc. New York, NY 06/08/10 05/18/10...). 74212 Freedom Communications Marysville, CA........ 06/09/10 06/08/10 (State/One-Stop). 74213 Intel...). 74216 Prudential Financial Dubuque, IA 06/09/10 06/08/10 (Workers). 74217 Honeywell Technology Phoenix...

  18. Eesti nukufilm sai järjekordse grand prix

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    XII Rahvusvaheline animafilmifestival "KROK-2005", mis toimus laeval, mis sõitis Kiievist Odessasse. Rao Heidmets ja Hardi Volmer said festivali karnevalil oma jänese kostüümi eest grand prix. Eesti filmidest olid programmis "Karl ja Marilyn", "Frank ja Wendy", "Barbarid", "Laud" ja "Conkistadoor"

  19. Gender Matters to Whom: Keeping the Politics in Gender and Development

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    W. Harcourt (Wendy)

    2012-01-01

    textabstractWendy Harcourt looks candidly at mainstreaming gender in development and in social movements. She explores the difficulties of bringing gender into development policy and social movements spaces, two areas where she has been actively engaged over the last two decades. The talk will be a

  20. ORIGINAL ARTICLE

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    Among factors that have been shown to affect cardi- ovascular parameters are exercise or physical activity, nutrition and medication, (McClean and Zimmer- man, 2007) stress (Wendy et al., 2002, Callister 1992) and mental work (Carter and Lawrence, 2007; Carter and Ray 2009). It has been observed that students in.

  1. Disposal and Reuse of Bergstrom Air Force Base, Texas. Final Environmental Impact Statement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-07-01

    Matthews, TSgt. Jeffrey Shumway ) 67th CSG/DE-CARE (Lt. Tim Bently, MSgt. Wagner) 67th RW/HOSP/SGPB [Bioenvironmental Engineering] (Lt. Wendy Klein) 67th...of Oklahoma, Norman C.E.R.T., 1982 Air War College, Air University, Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama Years of Experience: 26 Bergstrom AFB Disposal

  2. Creating a Corps of Change Agents: What Explains the Success of Teach for America?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Higgins, Monica; Robison, Wendy; Weiner, Jennie; Hess, Frederick

    2011-01-01

    While much of the debate around Teach For America (TFA) in recent years has focused on the effectiveness of its nontraditional recruits in the classroom, the real story is the degree to which TFA has succeeded in producing dynamic, impassioned, and entrepreneurial education leaders. From its inception as Wendy Kopp's senior thesis project at…

  3. Täienes Kunstimuuseumi graafikakogu / Anne Lõugas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lõugas, Anne, 1951-

    1998-01-01

    Tallinna XI graafikatriennaali premeeritud tööd jäävad enamikus Eesti Kunstimuuseumi. Omandatud töödest, pikemalt muuseumi ostupreemia pälvinud inglise kunstniku Wendy Swallowi (s. 1974) kolmest tööst.

  4. Literacy and Justice through Photography: A Classroom Guide. Language & Literacy Series

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ewald, Wendy; Hyde, Katherine; Lord, Lisa

    2011-01-01

    This practical guide will help teachers to use the acclaimed "Literacy Through Photography" method developed by Wendy Ewald to promote critical thinking, self-expression, and respect in the classroom. The authors share their perspectives as an artist, a sociologist, and a teacher to show educators how to integrate four new "Literacy Through…

  5. Motivation, Interest, and Attention: Re-Defining Learning in the Autism Spectrum?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lequia, Jenna

    2011-01-01

    In "The Passionate Mind: How People with Autism Learn", Wendy Lawson presents readers with various cognitive theories of autism spectrum disorders (ASD). In this book, Lawson makes reference to the medical and social models of disability, urging readers to consider disability from a social rather than a medical or deficit-driven perspective. Each…

  6. Is Anxiety in Young Boys the New Normal?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mogel, Wendy

    2016-01-01

    As a psychologist of 35 years, Wendy Mogel discusses what she has discovered to be the new trend behind anxiety in young boys. Through hours of probing and pondering, neither hyperparenting nor early trauma (what one might think were logical causes of a young boy's anxiety) is the key to understanding this new trend. She explains that many…

  7. Learning from Action Research about Science Teacher Preparation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitchener, Carole P.; Jackson, Wendy M.

    2012-01-01

    In this article, we present a case study of a beginning science teacher's year-long action research project, during which she developed a meaningful grasp of learning from practice. Wendy was a participant in the middle grade science program designed for career changers from science professions who had moved to teaching middle grade science. An…

  8. 'It is easy to find yourself working outside your comfort zone when working with autistic children'.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bellis, Wendy; Westgarth, David

    2015-10-09

    Wendy Bellis is Assistant Clinical Director and Specialist Paediatric Senior Dental Officer for Camden and Islington Community Dental Service (Whittington Health). She is considered a world renowned voice on autism and paediatric dentistry, and news editor David Westgarth sat down with her to discuss some of the challenges presented by autistic patients.

  9. An Application of Path Sharing To Routing For Mobile Sinks In ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Coordination-based Data dissemination for sensor networks considers energy conservation not only in communication but also in ... structure to reduce energy consumed. Our simulation results show that ...... [11] Wendi B et al (1995) “An Application-Specific Protocol Architecture For Wireless. Microsensor Networks” IEEE ...

  10. 78 FR 41768 - Chemical Substances and Mixtures Used in Oil and Gas Exploration or Production; TSCA Section 21...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-11

    ...., Bureau of Land Management (BLM) and the U.S Department of Energy (DOE)). Consistent with TSCA section 9(b... Milito, Group Director Upstream and Industry Operations, American Petroleum Institute (API) to Wendy.... August 2011. Available online at: http://www.census.gov/eos/www/naics/index.html . 12. API Energy. About...

  11. Reference: 168 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available f Sciences of the United States of America Armstrong Gordon|Baxter Ivan R|Bogenschutz Naomi|Cordova Tatiana|Foster Nathan|Harper Jeff...rey F|Hazen Samuel P|Murphy Angus S|Peer Wendy Ann|Young Jeffery C

  12. Antimicrobial properties of tropical plants against 12 pathogenic ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    STORAGESEVER

    2008-07-04

    Jul 4, 2008 ... pathogenic bacteria isolated from aquatic organisms. Lee Seong Wei*, Najiah Musa, Chuah Tse Sengm, Wendy Wee and Noor Azhar Mohd Shazili. Department of Fisheries and Aquaculture, Faculty of Agrotechnology and Food Science, University of Malaysia,. Terengganu, 21030, Kuala Terengganu, ...

  13. AACRAO Research: A Year in Review 2016

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kilgore, Wendy

    2017-01-01

    In this article, author Wendy Kilgore reports that 2016 was a productive year for AACRAO Research thanks to the active and ongoing participation of the members. Eleven research projects were completed in 2016 including 60-Second surveys and three comprehensive projects. The intent of the 60-Second surveys remains the same since its inception. They…

  14. Two Close Ones / Tiina Sarapu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sarapu, Tiina

    2006-01-01

    Tallinna IV tarbekunstitriennaalist "Kaks lähedast" Eesti Tarbekunsti- ja Disainimuuseumis 18.03-21.05.2006. Esimese preemia said Kersti Laanmaa ja Tiit Rammul rühmitusest MUKI, teise preemia Caro Bärtling ja Piret Valk. Aukülaliseks inglise ehtekunstnik Wendy Ramshaw oma ehtesarjaga "Picasso's Ladies". Näituse kujundas 3+1 Arhitektid

  15. Facts about Vitamin K

    Science.gov (United States)

    Facts about Vitamin K 1 R. Elaine Turner and Wendy J. Dahl 2 FCS8666 Figure 1. Vitamin K is mostly found in vegetables, especially green ... ColognePhotos/iStock/Thinkstock, © ColognePhotos Why do we need vitamin K? Vitamin K is one of the fat- ...

  16. Does a High IQ Mean You're Smart?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Phyllis, Ed.

    2002-01-01

    This journal issue presents articles that attempt to expand common ideas of intelligence and giftedness. Following a brief article offering "Notes, Quotes, and Anecdotes" by Francis Carter, the first major article is "Democratizing Our Concept of Human Intelligence" (by Wendy M. Williams). In it, the limitations of IQ tests are explored as are the…

  17. Eesti joonisfilm võitis auhinna

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Animafilm "Frank ja Wendy" : stsenarist Priit Pärn : režissöörid Ülo Pikkov, Priit Tender ja Kaspar Jancis : Eesti Joonisfilm 2004. Film sai Tšehhis, Trebonis 5.-11. maini toimunud rahvusvahelisel animafilmide festivalil AniFest telefilmide ja -seriaalide kategoorias parima filmi auhinna

  18. 77 FR 54944 - In the Matter of the Designation of The Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) Also Known as United...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-06

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE In the...)(II) of the INA. This notice shall be published in the Federal Register. Dated: August 28, 2012. Wendy R. Sherman, Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs. BILLING CODE 4710-10-P ...

  19. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    RISK FACTORS FOR NEAR-FATAL. ASTHMA - A CASE-CONTROL. STUDY IN A WESTERN CAPE. TEACHING HOSPITAL. Adel de Klerk, Emmerentia van Schalkwyk, Zelda Williams,. Wendy Lee, Philip Bardin. Background and objectives. To evaluate risk factors for asthma death such as access to health care, over-use of ...

  20. International Survey of Peer Leadership (ISPL): An Emerging ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Gugu Wendy Tiroyabone is Chief Officer for academic advising at the Centre for Teaching and Learning at the University of the Free ..... This study formed part of a collaborative international research project led by the National. Resource Centre for the ..... support and guidance in writing this article. References. Alexander ...

  1. STS-67 crewmembers discuss possible communication problems for mission

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-01-01

    As STS-67/ASTRO-2 payload specialist Samuel T. Durrance looks on, Astronauts Stephen S. Oswald, mission commander, and Wendy B. Lawrence, flight engineer, discuss troubleshooting communications problems during a training session at JSC. The three are in the crew compartment trainer (CCT) of JSC's Shuttle mockup and integration laboratory.

  2. Psychotropic Medication Use among Children in the Child Welfare System. Issue Brief No. 59, Fall 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walsh, Wendy A.; Mattingly, Marybeth J.

    2012-01-01

    Prior research demonstrates that children in the child welfare system are given psychotropic medication at rates approximately three times higher than children and adolescents in the general population. Using data from the second National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being, authors Wendy Walsh and Marybeth Mattingly report that among…

  3. 75 FR 79334 - Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-20

    ... on potential international partners. The CS relies on client feedback to guide the development of..., Room 6616, 14th and Constitution Avenue, NW., Washington, DC 20230 (or via the Internet at [email protected] within 30 days of publication of this notice to Wendy Liberante, OMB Desk Officer, via the Internet at...

  4. New Pea (Pisum sativum L. Accesions Obtained at V.R.D.S. Buzau

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Costel Vinatoru

    2016-11-01

    Wendy J. Dahl, Lauren M. Foster and Robert T. Tyler (2012. Review of the health benefits of peas (Pisum sativum L.. British Journal of Nutrition, 108, pp S3-S10. doi:10.1017/S0007114512000852. 13 December 2011

  5. Approximation for Bayesian Ability Estimation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-02-18

    two-way contingency tables. Journal of Educational Statistics, 11, 33-56. Lindley, D.V. (1980). Approximate Bayesian methods. Trabajos Estadistica , 31...Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center 1275 York Avenue New York, NY 10021 Dr. Wallace Wulfeck, 11 Navy Personnel R&D Center San Diego, CA 92152-6800 Dr. Wendy

  6. Edwin Powell Hubble

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Srimath

    ... of the nebulae, 1995. [2] Gale E Christianson, Edwin Hubble: A Biographical Retrospective, in Carnegie Observatories Astrophysics. Series, Vol.2; Measuring and modeling the Universe, Ed. Wendy Freedman, Cambridge University Press,. 2004. [3] Allan Sandage, Edwin Hubble 1889–1953, JRASC, Vol.83, No.6, 1989.

  7. Advancing U.S. Strategic Communication through Greater Civilian-Military Coordination and Integration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-01

    WARFIGHTING SCHOOL ADVANCING U.S. STRATEGIC COMMUNICATION THROUGH GREATER CIVILIAN-MILITARY COORDINATION AND INTERGRATION by Wendy A. Kolls U.S...Technology and Logistics , Defense Science Board, Task Force on Strategic Communication, January 2008. 3 E.g. the 2009 Pew Research Center Global

  8. Männerbund: Theory and reality in Germany at the beginning of 20.Century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Molnar Aleksandar I.

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available In the article the author is dealing with the connection between the renaissance of the unions of men (Männerbünde and rise of scientific interest in such forms of social life in the early 20th Century Germany. Although new forms of Männerbünde were not entirely adequate to the old forms, there is no doubt that all main features of militant Männerbünde were present at the beginning of Weimar republic: the cult of youth, ecstatic experiences, elitist conciseness, as well as tendency towards open and rough violence. Author‘s intention is to stress the importance of the role that Männerbünde played in the early phase of German revolution - especially in provoking civil war, spreading hatred towards modern (i.e. "Western" civilization, reviving old militant German traditions, fighting democracy and undermining the fragile foundations of Weimar republic.

  9. Conference "The Cultural Alchemy of the Exact Sciences : Revisiting the Forman Thesis"

    CERN Document Server

    Kojevnikov, Alexei; Trischler, Helmuth; Weimar culture and quantum mechanics : selected papers by Paul Forman and contemporary perspectives on the Forman thesis

    2011-01-01

    This volume reprints Paul Forman's classic papers on the history of physics in post-World War I Germany and the invention of quantum mechanics. The Forman thesis has become famous as the first argument in favor of the cultural conditioning of scientific knowledge, in particular for its demonstration of the historical connection between the culture of Weimar Germany - known for its irrationality and antiscientism - and the emerging concept of quantum acausality.This volume reprints Paul Forman's classic papers on the history of physics in post-World War I Germany and the invention of quantum mechanics. The Forman thesis has become famous as the first argument in favor of the cultural conditioning of scientific knowledge, in particular for its demonstration of the historical connection between the culture of Weimar Germany - known for its irrationality and antiscientism - and the emerging concept of quantum acausality. At the 2007 international conference in Vancouver, Canada, leading historians of physics disc...

  10. Signal transduction in the footsteps of goethe and schiller.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friedrich, Karlheinz; Lindquist, Jonathan A; Entschladen, Frank; Serfling, Edgar; Thiel, Gerald; Kieser, Arnd; Giehl, Klaudia; Ehrhardt, Christina; Feller, Stephan M; Ullrich, Oliver; Schaper, Fred; Janssen, Ottmar; Hass, Ralf

    2009-02-04

    The historical town of Weimar in Thuringia, the "green heart of Germany" was the sphere of Goethe and Schiller, the two most famous representatives of German literature's classic era. Not yet entirely as influential as those two cultural icons, the Signal Transduction Society (STS) has nevertheless in the last decade established within the walls of Weimar an annual interdisciplinary Meeting on "Signal Transduction - Receptors, Mediators and Genes", which is well recognized as a most attractive opportunity to exchange results and ideas in the field.The 12th STS Meeting was held from October 28 to 31 and provided a state-of-the-art overview of various areas of signal transduction research in which progress is fast and discussion lively. This report is intended to share with the readers of CCS some highlights of the Meeting Workshops devoted to specific aspects of signal transduction.

  11. Le premesse critico-formative della Scuola di Francoforte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gianluca Giachery

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: The critical-formative preliminary remarks of the Frankfurt School - In the period of transition between the Nineteenth and the Twentieth century, after the fall of the German Empire and the birth of the Weimar Republic, Germany became a real European centre of social and cultural elaboration. Even though the rise of National Socialism implied a tragic outcome, during the fifteen years of the Weimar Republic outstanding figures such as Paul Natorp, Theodor Litt, Max Weber, and Georg Simmel had a great influence on a part of the youth movements. They greatly contributed to the intellectual and cultural training of two of the most representative theorists of the Frankfurt School, Max Horkheimer and Theodor Adorno.

  12. New Library Buildings and Library Reconstructions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Steen Bille Larsen

    2002-07-01

    Full Text Available Visits to libraries have always been an important part of the LIBER Architecture Group Seminars, as they add practice, concrete examples of success and mistakes to the theory of the seminar presentations. The programme of the Leipzig seminar thus offered quite a few library visits: Universitätsbibliothek Leipzig, Thüringer Universitäts- und Landesbibliothek, Jena, Universitäts- und Forschungsbibliothek Erfurt, Herzogin-Anna-Amalia-Bibliothek, Weimar, Universitätsbibliothek der Bauhaus-Universität Weimar, Deutsche Bücherei, Leipzig and Sächsische Landesbibliothek – Staatsund Universitätsbibliothek, Dresden. The following is a short report about the libraries visited during the week. The reports are combined with quotations from the libraries’ presentation of their building projects and in some cases also with facts and figures.

  13. Adorno's early theory of society and music (1928-1934

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeremić-Molnar Dragana

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the authors in the article is to contextualize Adorno's early theory of society and music in his experience of Weimar Republic and Third Reich. The importance of the revolution in his first outline of sociology of music is especially stressed. At he beginning this period, it was the revolution of the workers class that he was trying to reconcile with the dodecaphonic revolution in music (which he believed he had already witnessed in Wienna while studying with Alban Berg. But, his attitude changed towards the end of Weimar Republic and at the beginning of Third Reich (Adorno left Germany in April 1934 and he separated the paths of two revolutions, arguing that the revolution of the workers class could be pursued by the means of 'vulgar bourgeois' choral music (with new lyrics. The same he thought appropriate for the Nazi revolution in one of the last papers published before his leave for England.

  14. Bauhaus (1919-1933

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael García

    1994-06-01

    Full Text Available Los cuadros y resúmenes siguientes son un estrado de los acontecimientos y actividades más destacados de la Bauhaus. Las dos tablas cronológicas han sido elaboradas por José' Manuel García Roig a partir de las siguientes fuentes originales: Para la historia de la propia Bauhaus; Catálogo de la Exposición "Utopías de la Bauhaus", obra sobre papel, Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, Madrid 5 de mayo a 26 de junio de 1988. Para la historia de la República de Weimar; Reinhard Kühnl, La República de Weimar, edicions Alfons el Magnánim, institució Valenciana d'Estudis i Investigació, Valencia, 1991 y Anthony Phelan, El dilema de Weimar. Los intelectuales en la República de Weimar, Edicions Alfons el Magnánim, Institució Valenciana d'Estudis i Investigació, Valencia, 1990. Para la cronología de acontecimientos artístico-arquitectónicos contemporáneos; Bruno Zevi, Historia de la Arquitectura Moderna, Editorial Poseidón, Barcelona, 1980. Los resúmenes que las siguen han sido realizados por Rafael García García tomando como fuentes: Hans M. Wingler, La Bauhaus editorial Gustavo Gili, Barcelona 1980; Rainer Wick, La Pedagogía de la Bauhaus. Alianza Editorial, Madrid, 1986 (cuadro cronológico p.34; Bauhaus archiv, Magdalena Droste, Bauhaus. Benedict Taschen Verlag, 1991.

  15. Hannah Höch: el fotomuntatge com a cartografia de la violència = Hannah Höch: Photomontage as a Cartography of Violence

    OpenAIRE

    Balsach, Maria-Josep

    2017-01-01

    This article is based on a reading of Hannah Höch’s 1920s photomontages from the point of view of violence and as a consequence of the traumatic experience of the First World War. The political crisis of the Weimar Republic and Berlin Dadaism are addressed through the ideas of Salomo Friedlaender, Bertold Brecht and Walter Benjamin, as well as aspects such as the grotesque, irony, and the work of art in the age of technological reproducibility, subjectivity an...

  16. Ordinary Economic Voting Behavior in the Extraordinary Election of Adolf Hitler

    OpenAIRE

    KING, GARY; ROSEN, ORI; TANNER, MARTIN; WAGNER, ALEXANDER F.

    2017-01-01

    The enormous Nazi voting literature rarely builds on modern statistical or economic research. By adding these approaches, we find that the most widely accepted existing theories of this era cannot distinguish the Weimar elections from almost any others in any country. Via a retrospective voting account, we show that voters most hurt by the depression, and most likely to oppose the government, fall into separate groups with divergent interests. This explains why some turned to the Nazis and ot...

  17. Kurt von Schleicher the soldier and politics in the run-up to national socialism: a case study of civil-military relations

    OpenAIRE

    Bitter, Alexander B.

    2013-01-01

    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited This thesis analyzes the political role of the German General Staff as well as civil-military relations in Germany from the late 19th century until 1933. Specifically, it examines the rise and fall of Kurt von Schleicher. Together with Generals Paul von Hindenburg, Erich Ludendorff, and Wilhelm Groener, Schleicher shaped the politics of the Weimar Republic, right up to the end that heunintentionallyhastened when his intrigues paved the...

  18. Transformace kultovní a konceptuální hodnoty v dějinách fotografie

    OpenAIRE

    Dotřel, Jan

    2016-01-01

    This historical work focuses on the theory of photography. It is divided into three autonomous episodes chronologically correspond to three historical stages. These parts are connected with one genealogies of one possible reading of the photography. The first part deals with the historical circumstances and causes of the birth of photography. The second phase describes the later period of history of the Weimar Republic and photographic movement of Neue Sachlichkeit. The last part concentrates...

  19. The German Debate Over Military Peacekeeping Missions: The First Step Toward an Eventual Combat Role

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-12-01

    repressed German minorities throughout eastern Furope. Hitler, before abolishing the Reichstag (German Weimar Republic parliament), was given dictatorial...Shield), as a prelude to the Persian Gulf War (Operation Desert Storm), and the implications of not only NATO’s assistance to Turkey through... Turkey prior to the commencement of hostilities oil 16 January 1991.70 Germany’s political leaders were not yet ready to deal with NATO out-of-area

  20. 「ヒンデンブルク崇拝」から「ヒトラー崇拝」へ

    OpenAIRE

    原田, 一美; ハラダ, カズミ; Kazumi, HARADA

    2008-01-01

    Der "Hitler-Kult" hat, wie Ian Kershaw in seiner Untersuchung uber den "Hitler-Mythos" ausfuhrlich nachgewiesen hat, im "Dritten Reich" als Integrationskraft eine massgebende Rolle gespielt. In der Fruhphase der Nazi-Zeit musste sich Hitler jedoch eine andere Autoritat entleihen. Dabei hat er sich die Popularitat des Reichsprasidenten Hindenburgs nutzbar gemacht, der als "Sieger von Tannenberg" und "Vater des Volkes" in der Weimarer Republik weitgehend von vielen Deutschen verehrt wurde. Die ...

  1. Natsionalistlike meeleolude kaardistamine jätkub / Rael Artel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Artel, Rael, 1980-

    2008-01-01

    "Public Preparation Social Club. Natsionalismi sümptomid ja kriitika kaasaegses kunstis" 11. VII Pärnu Kunstnike Majas ja 12.-16. VII Pärnumaal. Korraldas ja modereeris Rael Artel, ettekannetega esinesid Kendra Ballingall (Winnipeg), Remco de Blaaij (Eindhoven), Övül Durmusoglu (Istanbul/Viin), Ronen Eidelman (Tel Aviv/Weimar), Claire Feeley (Dublin), Erden Kosova (Istanbul), Johannes Paul Raether (Berliin), Sara Stenczer (Budapest/Pariis) ja Tamara Zlobina (Kiiev)

  2. New Library Buildings and Library Reconstructions

    OpenAIRE

    Steen Bille Larsen; Ulrich Niederer

    2002-01-01

    Visits to libraries have always been an important part of the LIBER Architecture Group Seminars, as they add practice, concrete examples of success and mistakes to the theory of the seminar presentations. The programme of the Leipzig seminar thus offered quite a few library visits: Universitätsbibliothek Leipzig, Thüringer Universitäts- und Landesbibliothek, Jena, Universitäts- und Forschungsbibliothek Erfurt, Herzogin-Anna-Amalia-Bibliothek, Weimar, Universitätsbibliothek der Bauhaus-Univers...

  3. Quando o passado legitima o presente: a música no III Reich

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sílvia Sônia Simões

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Este pequeno artigo é parte de um trabalho maior intitulado Música e História na República de Weimar e no III Reich: uma aproximação possível, e visa ressaltar as formas de adequação utilizadas pelo nazismo no campo musical, buscando um entendimento de qual foi a música que este regime considerou adequada para expressar sua ideologia.

  4. Strengthening response capacity to African infectious disease ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    In addition, this humanitarian disaster has had collateral impact on local economies, health care systems, and regional security. Although the Ebola epidemic ended in January 2016, the risk of future outbreaks ... ROSSA's newsletter - January 2018. In this ROSSA bulletin: Meet Kathryn Toure, the new regional director of ...

  5. Antimicrobial resistance: One Health, one problem.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, Kathryn

    2014-11-29

    The roles that the medical and veterinary professions can play in tackling antimicrobial resistance were discussed at the BVA Congress at the London Vet Show last week. It was clear from the debate that, while action is already being taken, much more needs to be done by both professions in the UK and overseas. Kathryn Clark reports. British Veterinary Association.

  6. Browse Author Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 101 - 132 of 132 ... Ssembajja, Fatuma · Ssengooba, Freddie · Stadler, Jonathan James · Stadler, Jonathan · Stallcup, Elizabeth · Steenkamp, Liana · Stein, Jo · Stein, Joanne · Stellenberg, Ethelwynn · Sterberg, Erna · Stern, Erin · Stevens, Marion · Stevens, Marion · Stewart, Aimee · Stinson, Kathryn · Stoneburner, Rand L

  7. Browse Author Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Stellenberg, Ethelwynn · Sterberg, Erna · Stern, Erin · Stevens, Marion · Stevens, Marion · Stewart, Aimee · Stinson, Kathryn · Stoneburner, Rand L · Stoneburner, Rand L · Stover, John · Strand, Cecilia · Strauss, Michael · Strebel, Anna · Struik, Paul C · Struthers, Helen · Struthers, Helen · Suguimoto, S. Pilar · Suleman, Fatima

  8. Erratum: Synthesis of Cd-free InP/ZnS Quantum Dots Suitable for Biomedical Applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-02-29

    A correction was made to: Synthesis of Cd-free InP/ZnS Quantum Dots Suitable for Biomedical Applications. There was an error with an author's given name. The author's name was corrected to: Katye M. Fichter from: Kathryn M. Fichter.

  9. The Civil Defense Acquisition Workforce: Enhancing Recruitment Through Hiring Flexibilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-11-22

    The Civil Defense Acquisition Workforce: Enhancing Recruitment Through Hiring Flexibilities Kathryn A. Francis Analyst in Government...Organization and Management November 22, 2016 Congressional Research Service 7-5700 www.crs.gov R44695 The Civil Defense Acquisition Workforce: Hiring...establishment of new flexibilities, staff knowledge of appropriate use, budgetary constraints, and efforts to balance hiring speed with equity. The Civil

  10. se-p-te-mber-19-9-6

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Kathryn Phillips. Penguin Books, 1994 pp.ix+244, $11.95. As an amphibian biologist, reading the book. Tracking the Vanishing Frogs churned up mix- ed feelings in me. On the one hand, I was relieved to learn that people have started thinking seriously about the issue of declining amphibian populations. On the other hand, ...

  11. 1151-IJBCS-Article-Ayuba Samali

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    pc

    2,5-Dihydroxy-4,3-di (ß-D-glucopyrano- syloxy)-trans-stilbene from. Morus bombycis Koidzumi root. Phytother. Res.,. 21(7): 605-608. Kathryn LN, Tracy W, Ashley SM, Brown. Susan ED, Graeme JMA. 2010. Hepatocellular carcinoma in patients with chronic hepatitis C virus infection without cirrhosis. World J. Gastroenterol.,.

  12. Universal Design: A Tool to Help College Students with Asperger's Syndrome Engage on Campus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Colette M.; Colvin, Kathryn L.

    2013-01-01

    Transitioning from high school to college is challenging for many students, but for none more so than students with Asperger's syndrome. Colette M. Taylor and Kathryn L. Colvin introduce the concept of universal design as an effective approach to supporting this increasing subpopulation of students.

  13. Filmide auhinnajahi hooaeg jätkub

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2010-01-01

    Ameerika Filmikriitikute Ühing andis aasta parima filmi, lavastaja ja meesnäitleja auhinna režissöör Kathryn Bigelow filmi "Piinakamber" (USA, 2008) tegijatele. Parima naisnäitleja auhinna sai Yolande Moreau rolli eest filmis "Séraphine" (Prantsusmaa-Belgia, 2008), parim stsenaarium oli vendade Coenite filmil "Tõsine mees" (USA, 2009)

  14. Decentralized Planning for Autonomous Agents Cooperating in Complex Missions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-01

    Cameron Fraser, Karl Kulling, Brett Bethke, Luca Bertuccelli, Sergio Cafarelli, Han-Lim Choi, and Kathryn Fischer. I also want to thank Olivier Toupet for...of the IFAC World Congress, (Barcelona, Spain), 2002. 124 [42] M. Flint, E. Fernandez -Gaucherand, and M. Polycarpou, "A probabilistic frame- work for

  15. Perinatal Substance Abuse and Public Health Nursing Intervention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rieder, Barbara A.

    1990-01-01

    The role of public health nurses in the health care of infants and children prenatally exposed to drugs is discussed. Such nurses work in the family setting to promote health and prevent disease. Concepts of Kathryn Barnard have been used to develop policies and protocols for services to families with infants exposed to controlled substances. (GH)

  16. Walking a Fine Balance: The Life History of a Woman Principal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fennell, Hope-Arlene

    2008-01-01

    This article describes the leadership journey of Kathryn, an educational leader, in relation to current research on women's experiences as educational leaders. This life history was developed as a grounded theory (Glaser & Strauss, 1967) study. Conducted over a two-year period, the semi-structured interviews used to conduct the study were…

  17. Ghana Medical Journal - Vol 50, No 2 (2016)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Perception and risk factors for cervical cancer among women in northern Ghana · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. Constance A. Opoku, Edmund Nii Laryea Browne, Kathryn Spangenberg, Cheryl Moyer, David Kolbilla, Katherine J. Gold, 84-89.

  18. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 251 - 300 of 388 ... Constance A. Opoku, Edmund Nii Laryea Browne, Kathryn Spangenberg, Cheryl Moyer, David Kolbilla, Katherine J. Gold. Vol 48, No 1 (2014), Perceptions ... Vol 42, No 3 (2008), Porcine anaesthesia for advanced trauma operative management (atom), Abstract PDF. H Baddoo, F Ahiaku, E Fordjour, ...

  19. Cerebral venous thrombosis in a child with nephrotic syndrome ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Cerebral venous thrombosis in a child with nephrotic syndrome: case report. ... Shalinee Bhoobun, Alhaji Alusaine Jalloh, Kathryn H Jacobsen ... We describe a case of CVT in a Sierra Leonean child with nephrotic syndrome who was successfully treated for the condition despite the resource limitations of the hospital.

  20. Challenges and opportunities of Brexit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-11-26

    Some of the potential implications of Brexit for the veterinary profession were highlighted during the BVA Congress at the London Vet Show last week. A session run jointly by the BVA and the RCVS gave delegates the chance to hear how the two organisations are approaching the issue and discuss their own concerns. Kathryn Clark reports. British Veterinary Association.

  1. PUTATIVE CREATINE KINASE M-ISOFORM IN HUMAN SPERM IS IDENTIFIED AS THE 70-KILODALTON HEAT SHOCK PROTEIN HSPA2

    Science.gov (United States)

    THE PUTATIVE CREATINE KINASE M-ISOFORM IN HUMAN SPERM IS IDENTIFIED AS THE 70 kDa HEAT SHOCK PROTEIN HSPA2* Gabor Huszar1, Kathryn Stone2, David Dix3 and Lynne Vigue11The Sperm Physiology Laboratory, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 2 W.M. Keck Foundatio...

  2. Resuscitation Training at Rwanda Military Hospital

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Learning the C-A-Bs: Resuscitation Training at Rwanda Military Hospital. Kathryn Norgang1, Auni Idi Muhire1, Sarah Howrath1. 1Rwanda Military Hospital, Rwanda. Background. There is a lack of trained staff to respond to critically ill patients and cardiac and respiratory arrests in a health facility in Rwanda. This lack of ...

  3. Teaching with Technology: A Statewide Professional Development Program. Evaluation Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ravitz, Jason; Mergendoller, John

    Teaching with Technology (TWT) is a multi-year development program for Idaho teachers, funded and developed by the J.A. and Kathryn Alberston Foundation. TWT is a complement to the Opportunity 1 initiative that made educational technology available to Idaho schools. TWT provides intensive summer training workshops and offers support to teachers…

  4. Changes in Cognitive-Behavioral Constructs Across Treatment Modalities for Seasonal Affective Disorder: Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy, Light Therapy, and their Combination"

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-01-01

    Cognitive - Behavioral Therapy , Light Therapy , and their Combination” Name of Candidate: Kathryn Tierney Lindsey Master of Science Degree...Changes in Cognitive - Behavioral Constructs Across Treatment Modalities for Seasonal Affective Disorder: Cognitive - Behavioral Therapy , Light Therapy ...assigned to light therapy (LT), group cognitive - behavioral therapy (CBT), or a combination treatment (CBT+LT). Participants completed

  5. Adamkus encouraged to grant citizenship to U.S. basketball player

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Kuigi uus Leedu kodakondsusseaduse muudatus lubab anda Leedu koondises mängivatele välismaa tippsportlastele Leedu kodakondsuse, lükkas president Valdas Adamkus USA korvpalluri Kathryn Douglas'e kodakondsustaotluse tagasi. Sama ka: Adamkus denies U.S. basketball star citizenship//The Baltic Times 2006, 24-30 aug., lk 4

  6. What can Design Bring to Strategy? Designing Thinking as a Tool for Innovation and Change

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kathryn Best

    2011-01-01

    This publication by Kathryn Best accompanied the Lector’s inauguration as head of the research group Cross-media, Brand, Reputation & Design Management (CBRD) in January 2011. The book outlines current debates around the Creative Industries, business and design education and the place of ’well

  7. Book Review | Dawka | Internet Journal of Medical Update ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    An Introduction to Medical Teaching by Kathryn N Huggett and William B Jeffries Publisher: Springer International Publishing, Year 2014, 271 pages. Format: PDF and EPUB, Hardcover ISBN 978-94-017-9065-9. Full Text: EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL ...

  8. Religious Music and Free Speech: Philosophical Issues in Nurre v. Whitehead

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perrine, William M.

    2013-01-01

    On September 9, 2009, the Ninth Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals ruled that officials from Everett School District #2 in Mill Creek, Washington did not violate student Kathryn Nurre's constitutional rights to free speech by denying the Jackson High School Wind Ensemble the opportunity to perform an instrumental version of Franz Biebl's Ave Maria at…

  9. Download this PDF file

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    USER

    INTRODUCTION. The complement system has important functions as integral part of the immune system (Muller-. Eberhard, 1986). There are two pathways namely: the classical, antibody dependent pathway and the alternative antibody independent pathway (Kathryn and John,. 1993). Both pathways comprised of a group ...

  10. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 1 - 50 of 229 ... Saideth Gato, Rondi Anderson. Vol 2, No 2 (2015): Series F, Abstract: Improving Effectiveness of Student Learning Experiences during Clinical Rotations at Rwanda Military Hospital (RMH), Abstract PDF. Sophie Kairanga, Josette Niyokindi, Nanyombi Lubimbi, Kathryn Norgang, Josee Uwambaye.

  11. Portrait view of STS 41-G crew in civilian clothes

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-01-01

    Portrait view of STS 41-G crew in civilian clothes. Bottom row (l.-r.) Payload specialists Marc Garneau and Paul Scully-Power, crew commander Robert Crippen. Second row (l-.r-) Pilot Jon McBride, and Mission Specialists David Leestma and Sally Ride. At very top is Mission Specialist Kathryn Sullivan.

  12. Do Haphazard Reviews Provide Sound Directions for Dissemination Efforts?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gambrill, Eileen; Littell, Julia H.

    2010-01-01

    Comments on The dissemination and implementation of evidence-based psychological treatments: A review of current efforts by Kathryn R. McHugh and David H. Barlow. The lead article in the February-March issue by McHugh and Barlow (2010) emphasized the need for "dissemination and implementation of evidence-based psychological treatments."…

  13. Computer-Based Job Aiding: Problem Solving at Work.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-01-01

    research. In F. N. Kerlinger (Ed.), Review of research in education (Vol. 3). Itasca, Ill.: F. E. Peacock, 1975. Stone, D.E. Comprehension of information in...Box 2158 1 Dr. Fred Reif New Haven. CT 06520 Physics Department University of California I Dr. Kathryn T. Spoehr Berkeley. CA 94720 Psychology

  14. ORIGINAL ARTICLES Pentoxifylline for heart failure: a systematic ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ORIGINAL ARTICLES. STUDENT PAPER. Pentoxifylline for heart failure: a systematic review. Kathryn Batchelder, Bongani M Mayosi. Background. Recent trials have indicated a beneficial effect of pentoxifylline on measures of inflammation and markers of cardiac dysfunction in people with heart failure. However, it.

  15. Religious Music and Free Speech: Philosophical Issues in Nurre v. Whitehead

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perrine, William M.

    2013-01-01

    On September 9, 2009, the Ninth Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals ruled that officials from Everett School District #2 in Mill Creek, Washington did not violate student Kathryn Nurre's constitutional rights to free speech by denying the Jackson High School Wind Ensemble the opportunity to perform an instrumental version of Franz Biebl's "Ave…

  16. Kinetics and Spectroscopy of BrNO

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-06-12

    constants. Scelta del tipo di rappresentazione (Ir opp. 111 1) if (rap. eq. 1) then rz(0>=pa(l) rx(0)=pa(2) ry(0>=pa(3) rz(l)=pa(4) rx (1)=pa(5) ry(l...AFB. He is married to the former Wendy Hope Boelter of Wausaw, Wisconsin. VITA- REPORT DOCUMENTATION PAGE Form ApprovedR R OMB No. 0704-0188 Public

  17. Weight loss for women with and without polycystic ovary syndrome following a very low-calorie diet in a community-based setting with trained facilitators for 12 weeks

    OpenAIRE

    Nikokavoura, Efsevia A; Johnston, Kelly L; Broom, John; Wrieden, Wendy L; Rolland, Catherine

    2015-01-01

    Efsevia A Nikokavoura,1 Kelly L Johnston,2 John Broom,1 Wendy L Wrieden,1 Catherine Rolland1 1Centre for Obesity Research and Epidemiology, Institute for Health & Wellbeing Research (IHWR), Robert Gordon University, Aberdeen, 2LighterLife UK Limited, Harlow, Essex, UK Background: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) affects between 2% and 26% of reproductive-age women in the UK, and accounts for up to 75% of anovulatory infertility. The major symptoms include ovarian disruption, hyperand...

  18. Association of Polar Early Career Scientists Promotes Professional Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pope, Allen; Fugmann, Gerlis; Kruse, Frigga

    2014-06-01

    As a partner organization of AGU, the Association of Polar Early Career Scientists (APECS; http://www.apecs.is) fully supports the views expressed in Wendy Gordon's Forum article "Developing Scientists' `Soft' Skills" (Eos, 95(6), 55, doi:10.1002/2014EO060003). Her recognition that beyond research skills, people skills and professional training are crucial to the success of any early-career scientist is encouraging.

  19. Gender Matters to Whom: Keeping the Politics in Gender and Development

    OpenAIRE

    Harcourt, Wendy

    2012-01-01

    textabstractWendy Harcourt looks candidly at mainstreaming gender in development and in social movements. She explores the difficulties of bringing gender into development policy and social movements spaces, two areas where she has been actively engaged over the last two decades. The talk will be a critical look at gender 'mainstreaming', but not in the usual sense. It will look at the gender mainstreaming in the area of ‘body politics’ – the bureaucratizing of gender within population and de...

  20. Iskusstvo objekta / Galina Balashova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Balashova, Galina

    2006-01-01

    Tallinna IV rakenduskunsti triennaalist "Kaks lähedast" Eesti Tarbekunsti- ja Disainimuuseumis. Triennaali erikülalise inglise ehtekunstniku Wendy Ramshaw ehtesarjast "Picasso's ladies". Maris Galise, Krista Leesi, Andrea Petrakovièi, Rozemarijn Van der Moleni, Kärt Summataveti, Hilde Foksi, Jurgita Erminaite, Piret Valgu, Jurate Petruskeviciene, Tine Deweerdt'i, Ave Maseri ja Kadri Pärnametsa töödest näitusel

  1. Browse Author Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 4501 - 4550 of 9618 ... Lee, Tennyson C. M. · Lee, Wendy · Lee-Pan, EB · Leen, E · LeePan, EB · Leger, P.H. · Leger, Paul · Leger, PH · Leiman, A. Leiman, G · Leisegang, F. Leisegang, R · Leisewitz, A · Lekalakala, M R · Lekalakala, R · Lema, V.M. · Leman, P · Lemke, B · Lemmer, CE · Lemmer, E R · Lemmer, E.R.

  2. Neonatal hypertension – a long-term pilot follow-up study

    OpenAIRE

    Chaudhari, Tejasvi; Falk, Michael; Jyoti, Rajeev; Arney,Susan; Burton,Wendy; Kent, Alison

    2013-01-01

    Tejasvi Chaudhari,1 Michael C Falk,2,3 Rajeev Jyoti,2,4 Susan Arney,5 Wendy Burton,5 Alison L Kent1,2 1Department of Neonatology, Canberra Hospital, Woden, ACT, Australia; 2Australian National University Medical School, Canberra, ACT, Australia; 3Department of Nephrology, 4Medical Imaging Department, 5Centre for Newborn Care, Canberra Hospital, Woden, ACT, Australia Background: Neonatal hypertension occurs in up to 3% of neonates, more commonly in those admitted to neonatal intensive care. T...

  3. Roswell Park Cancer Institute/Howard University Prostate Cancer Scholars Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-10-01

    AWARD NUMBER: W81XWH-14-1-0531 TITLE: Roswell Park Cancer Institute/Howard University Prostate Cancer Scholars Program PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR...Roswell Park Cancer Institute/Howard University Prostate Cancer 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER W81XWH-14-1-0531 Cancer Scholars Program 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c... PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) Adam Kisailus, PHD; Wendy Huss, PHD ; Richard Hershberger, MBA, PHD; Anna Allen PHD 5d. PROJECT NUMBER 5e. TASK

  4. Policy Implications of Using Genomic Medicine in the Air Force Medical Service

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-16

    6 Benjamin A. Raby, Wendy Kohlmann and Vickie Venne, ―Genetic Counseling and Testing,‖ UptoDate , http://www.uptodate.com (accessed August...Breast and Ovarian Cancer,‖ UptoDate , http://www.uptodate.com (accessed August 26, 2010). employment based upon genetic information. 23...Genetic Diseases,‖ UptoDate , http://www.uptodate.com (accessed August 26, 2010): 6. implemented without accounting for these variables. The

  5. Weight loss for women with and without polycystic ovary syndrome following a very low-calorie diet in a community-based setting with trained facilitators for 12 weeks

    OpenAIRE

    Nikokavoura EA; Johnston KL; Broom J; Wrieden WL; Roll; C

    2015-01-01

    Efsevia A Nikokavoura,1 Kelly L Johnston,2 John Broom,1 Wendy L Wrieden,1 Catherine Rolland1 1Centre for Obesity Research and Epidemiology, Institute for Health & Wellbeing Research (IHWR), Robert Gordon University, Aberdeen, 2LighterLife UK Limited, Harlow, Essex, UK Background: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) affects between 2% and 26% of reproductive-age women in the UK, and accounts for up to 75% of anovulatory infertility. The major symptoms include ovarian disruption, hyperandroge...

  6. Development of the Ovarian Cancer Cohort Consortium: Risk Factor Associations by Heterogeneity of Disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-12-01

    Tworoger Data analysis and interpretation : Nicolas Wentzensen, Elizabeth M. Poole; Britton Trabert, EmilyWhite, Alpa V. Patel, V.Wendy Setiawan, Kala...DC; Sabina Sieri, National Cancer Institute, Rome, Italy; Anna Tjonneland, Danish Cancer Society, Copenhagen , Denmark; Antonia Trichopoulou, Hellenic...School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA 10Unit of Diet, Genes and Environment, Danish Cancer Society Research Center, Copenhagen , Denmark 11INSERM

  7. Nutrition Frontiers - Summer 2017 | Division of Cancer Prevention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Volume 8, Issue 3 Dear Colleague, The summer issue of Nutrition Frontiers showcases insulin-like growth factor and vitamin D in prostate cancer risk, bile acid and FXR inactivation and gender dissimilarity, and CerS6, a novel transcriptional target of p53 protein. Meet our spotlight investigator, Dr. Wendy Russell, and her research on the functional role of the gut microbiota. Learn about celery, the leafy stalk, upcoming announcements and more. |

  8. New Tools and Metrics for Evaluating Army Distributed Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    colleagues. We wish to thank Henry Leonard, James Crowley, Tom Bogdon, Rodger Madison, Scott Ashwood, Rachel Burns, and Gayle Stephenson for their...MG-1016-A, forthcoming. Sitzmann, Traci, Kenneth G. Brown, Wendy J. Casper, Katherine Ely, and Ryan D. Zimmerman , “A Review and Meta-Analysis of...2006, pp. 623–664. Straus, Susan G., Michael G. Shanley, Rachel M. Burns, Anisah Waite, and James C. Crowley, Improving the Army’s Assessment of

  9. Subsurface Drainage of Pavement Structures: Current Corps of Engineers and Industry Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-12-01

    nonwoven of filters within the zone of frost penetration should be geotextiles, and is a means of evaluating the piping...subgrade or other pervious AC AC AC P~c AC PCC AC PCC AC B6a 8e Pipe , Filter Fabric Base Pipe Filter Fabric Base Pipe: 0 Filter ’v. Aggregate...Practice Wendy L. Allen December 1991 Relatively Impervious 3 ft. Topsoil or Clay Pavement S o Geotextile , Granular Course Filter -- Filter ,

  10. STS-114: Discovery Question & Answer with Joint Crew on ISS

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-01-01

    STS-114 Commander Eileen Collins, Pilot James Kelly, Mission Specialists Souichi Noguchi, Stephen Robinson, Charles Camarda, Andrew Thomas, Wendy Lawrence, and Expedition 11 Commander Sergei Krikalev and Flight Engineer John Phillips answers questions from United States, Japanese and Russian News media in the Destiny laboratory of the International Space Station. Risk, safety, extravehicular activities, spacewalks, re-entry, gap fillers, tiles, flight operations, flight crew activities, team work, and life in space are topics covered with the News media.

  11. The Development of Nitroxide Based Coatings for Biofilm Remediation- 154020

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-06-05

    intracellular and requires release of the nitroxide from the surface. Introduction: The global aim of this project was to develop smart polymeric...contamination to be controlled before the hydrocarbon utilising bacteria could cause significant problems. The proposed smart polymeric coatings will...Caitlin Bowjanowski and Wendy Goodson (AFRL). PI Fairfull-Smith visited the AFRL (Dayton, Ohio) in February 2016 on a Windows on Science grant. • Dr

  12. Clinical and serological characteristics of Ecuadorian patients with rheumatoid arthritis

    OpenAIRE

    Ríos C; Maldonado G; Paredes C; Ferro C.; Moreno M; Vera C.; Vargas S.; Calapaqui W; Vallejo C

    2017-01-01

    Carlos Ríos,1 Génessis Maldonado,2 Carlos Paredes,2 Christian Ferro,3 Mario Moreno,4 Claudia Vera,3 Sara Vargas,5 Wendy Calapaqui,5 Carlos Vallejo6 1Rheumatology and Rehabilitation Center, Clinical Research Department, Guayaquil, Ecuador; 2Espíritu Santo University, Rheumatology Department, Samborondón, Ecuador; 3Santiago de Guayaquil Catholic University, Rheumatology Department, Guayaquil, Ecuador; 4Luis Vernaza Hospital, Rheumatology Service, Guayaquil, Ecuador; 5E...

  13. The Impact of Density: The Importance of Nonlinearlity and Selection on Flight and Fight Responses: A Review Article

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    George H. Conklin

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available The article "The Impact of Density" by Wendy C. Regoeczi is reviewed as part of Sociation Today's effort to place focus on important articles relating to core social science concepts. The effects of density on human behavior may have been underreported in the past due to the non-linear relationship between density and crowding and the fact that people self select out of dense situations.

  14. FY08 Chemical Synthesis for the Self-Decontaminating Coatings Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-01

    propionic acid (figure 1), is an AB2-type monomer. This means that each monomer contains one A group (the acid ) and two B groups (alcohol), and during...g/mol). Figure 1. Structure of 2,2- bis(hydroxymethyl) propionic acid . During this reporting period, scientists at ARL attempted to synthesize...FY08 Chemical Synthesis for the Self-Decontaminating Coatings Project by André A. Williams, Joshua A. Orlicki, Adam M. Rawlett, Wendy Kosik

  15. Browse Author Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 1 - 50 of 204 ... A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z All. A. Acyl, F H · Adhikari, Zuraya · Agenda, New · Akhalwaya, I · Akyuz, Y · Alexander, Neville · Annecke, W · Annecke, Wendy. B. Balchin, N · Balogun, MJ · Bennun, Mervyn E · Bhoola, Fatima · Black, A · Blatchford, M · Bloch, G · Bordiss, Bradley

  16. "Viola" sai Jaapanis eripreemia

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2000-01-01

    Eesti Joonisfilmi 3 filmi võistlesid Hiroshima rahvusvahelisel animafilmide festivalil : "Viola" : režissöör Priit Tender, "Armastuse võimalikkusest" : režissöör, stsenarist ja operaator Janno Põldma ja "Porgandite öö" : režissöör Priit Pärn. Neist "Viola" sai žürii eripreemia. Peapreemia sai Kanada "When the Day Breaks" : režissöörid Wendy Tilby ja Amanda Forbis

  17. Industrial Competitiveness and Technological Advancement: Debate Over Government Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-23

    Over Government Policy Wendy H. Schacht Specialist in Science and Technology Policy February 23, 2010 Congressional Research Service 7-5700...sectors. Since technological progress is not necessarily determined by economic conditions—it also can be influenced by advances in science , the...organization and management of firms, government activity, or serendipity —it can have effects on trade independent of shifts in macroeconomic factors

  18. RNA Futile Cycling in Model Persisters Derived from MazF Accumulation (Open Access)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-11-17

    RNA Futile Cycling in Model Persisters Derived from MazF Accumulation Wendy W. K. Mok,a Junyoung O. Park,a,b Joshua D. Rabinowitz,b,c Mark P...are consistent with a MazF-catalyzed RNA futile cycle , where the energy derived from catabolism is dissipated through continuous transcription and MazF...of transcription. Thus, in MazF model persisters, futile cycles of RNA synthesis and degradation result in both significant metabolic demands and

  19. Impact оf the First World War оn the Transformation of German Army

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evdokimova Tatyana

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Germany’s defeat in World War I and proclamation of the first German republic significantly influenced the change of the role of the army in the German state. At the stage of reorganization of the Kaiser’s army into the Reichswehr (1918–1921 the main result of this transformation became the creation of a new model of the German Army in which the principle of “distancing” the army from politics was replaced by new legislative and political realities that raised the question of inevitability of relationship between the army and the state. The Versailles Treaty and the Weimar constitution put forward the task of turning the German army into integral part of the state apparatus which led to losing its apoliticality. They also contributed to the emergence of Reich Ministry and the post of Reich Minister combined in one person the representative of the army and the state power. Besides, they helped to form a united German professional army and provided joint search of allies in the field of armaments by politicians and military men. The army tried to defend the old Prussian military traditions in terms of the German State called itself the Reich, and Weimar politicians sought to put the army under a parliamentary-presidential control. At the later stage of the Weimar Republic political generals will appear in the army, and important government positions will be taken by the representatives of the Generalitat. But the outcome of the force balance already at the stage of development of the temporary Reichswehr, when the real power in the army was in hands of the commander of the ground forces, and not of the Reich President and Reich Minister largely predetermined the strength of the conservative military elite in the future.

  20. Tugevus ja nõrkus : loovus ja endised tööstusalad Hollandis = Strength and vulnerability : creativity and former indastrial sites in the Netherlands / Klaske Havik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Havik, Klaske, 1975-

    2005-01-01

    2003. a. septembris Amsterdamis toimunud konverentsist "Loovus ja linn" (peaesineja Richard Florida). Kasvulavade poliitikast. Westergasfabriek'i ümberkujundamisest (AB Mecanoo, Kathryn Gustafson), NDSM-i sadamakai kultuurikeskkonnaks kujundamisest (arhitektuuribürood loetletud) Amsterdamis, disainitehaseks renoveeritud Van Nelle tehasest (renoveerimist juhtis Wessel de Jonge, ruumikujundus: Claessens & Erdmann), ööklubist "Now & Wow" (arhitekt Marten de Jong, disainerid Robbert de Vrieze, Martijn van der Wiel), klubist "Las Palmas" Rotterdamis jm. Bibliograafia lk. 57

  1. Workshop on the Global Movement and Tracking of Chemical Manufacturing Equipment

    OpenAIRE

    Center on Contemporary Conflict

    2013-01-01

    FY 2013-2014. Project Lead: Kathryn Huges & Dorothy Zolandz Before Saddam Hussein co-opted pesticide production facilities in Iraq to produce chemical weapons, the world_s inspection and verification regimes were designed to govern large-scale chemical manufacturing facilities located within developed countries. Globalization has reduced the efficacy of the current inspection regimes and opened verification gaps through the proliferation of chemical manufacturing equipment and infrastruct...

  2. Purchase of Microwave Reactors for Implementation of Small-scale Microwave-accelerated Organic Chemistry Laboratory Program in Undergraduate Curriculum and Synthetic Chemistry Research at HU

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-05-16

    Jennifer L. Zile, and Kathryn H. Barker Journal of Chemical Education 2006 83 (11), 1658 7. A Greener Approach to Aspirin Synthesis Using Microwave...and other methods. Currently, we are developing a two-step scheme for the synthesis of esters that will require distillation and/or column...recognize the link between them. We are developing for the above purpose, the microwave-assisted, two-step synthesis of high boiling point esters. The

  3. Severe lamotrigine toxicosis in a dog

    OpenAIRE

    Sawyer D; Gates K

    2017-01-01

    Danielle Sawyer, Kathryn Gates Emergency and Critical Care Department, Advanced Critical Care and Emergency Specialty Services, Culver City, CA, USA Objective: The objective of this study was to describe a case of severe lamotrigine toxicosis in a dog, which was successfully treated using minimal medical interventions. Case summary: A 7-month-old male, intact, Labrador mix was evaluated because of acute onset of vomiting, rigidity, and dull mentation after ingesting lamotrigine tablets. The e...

  4. Mission control activity during STS-61 EVA-2

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-01-01

    Harry Black, at the Integrated Communications Officer's console in the Mission Control Center (MCC), monitors the second extravehicular activity (EVA-2) of the STS-61 Hubble Space Telescope (HST) servicing mission. Others pictured, left to right, are Judy Alexander, Kathy Morrison and Linda Thomas. Note monitor scene of one of HST's original solar array panels floating in space moments after being tossed away by Astronaut Kathryn C. Thornton.

  5. In Defense of Freedom: Protection of Human Rights at Home and Abroad

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    the Security Sector Beyond the OSCE Area: Regional Approaches in Africa an the Americas. Berlin: LIT-Verlag, 2007. Graff, Corinne, Carlos Pascual...Human Trafficking, Human Misery: The Global Trade in Human Beings. Santa Barbara: Praeger Security International, 2009. (HQ 281 .A76 2009) Cullen ...Asians View Democracy. New York: Columbia UP, 2008. (JQ 1499 .A91 H69 2008) Cullen -DuPont, Kathryn. Human Trafficking. Global Issues. New York

  6. The Effects of Explosive Blast as Compared to Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder on Brain Function and Stucture

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-01

    brain after combat-related blast injury Scott R. Sponheim a,b,c,⁎, Kathryn A. McGuire a,b, Seung Suk Kang a,b, Nicholas D. Davenport a,b, Selin Aviyente...traumatic brain injury. J Child Neurol, 25(8), 976-984. Ptak, T., Sheridan, R., Rhea, J., Gervasini, A., Yun , J., Curran, M., et al. (2003). Cerebral

  7. High Performance Computing (HPC)-Enabled Computational Study on the Feasibility of using Shape Memory Alloys for Gas Turbine Blade Actuation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-11-01

    Murugan, and Michael Walock Vehicle Technology Directorate, ARL Kathryn Esham Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE...inclusive. Educationally , this work complements my graduate work quite nicely. My work at OSU is focused on understanding fundamental material behaviors...Fundamentals and applications of ambient and high-t shape memory alloys. Thermal Actuation: Effect of Aging. 2015. 4. Khalil-Allafi J, Antonin D, Gunther E

  8. Chief Joseph Dam, Columbia River, Washington, Community Impact Reports,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-05-01

    Economist Kathryn L. Carssow Sociologist Morris D. Davis Sociologist Willard W. Whipple Civil Engineer I APPENI) IX A STUDY PROCEI)URi I. GENERAL Steps in the...IF YOU DO NOT HAVE A WIFE OR CHILDREN, PLEASE DO NOT ANSWER ANY FURTHER OUESJ’IO111S THANK~ YOU 4a IF YOU 00O HAVE A WIFE ANOUCR CHIL.DREN. DO I HEY

  9. The Pace of Peace on the Viability of Bosnia and Herzegovina Twelve Years after Dayton

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-06-01

    ethnies without a state, and states with multiple ethnies . Yugoslavia was a case in point. According to Andrea Kathryn Talentino, “a nation is a...partition of Czechoslovakia all testify to this. The disjuncture between nations/ ethnies and states that was subdued during the Cold War... ethnie . This is an expression of the fact that the primary loyalty is with the ethnie , not the common state, which thus lacks legitimacy. The most

  10. Novel Functions of EZH2 in Triple-Negative Breast Cancer: Translation into New Biomarker and Treatment Strategies

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-07-01

    Strategies PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR: Zaneta Nikolovska-Coleska, Ph.D. CONTRACTING ORGANIZATION: Regents of the University of Michigan Ann Arbor, MI...Regents of the University of Michigan 8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBER Kathryn Dewitt 503 Thompson St. Ann Arbor MI 48109-1340 9...results confirmed the direct interactions between EZH2 and p38 and AKT1 as well as the co-immunoprecipitations studies which showed that EZH2 binds to

  11. Perspectives on high-intensity interval exercise for health promotion in children and adolescents

    OpenAIRE

    Bond B; Weston KL; Williams CA; Barker AR

    2017-01-01

    Bert Bond,1 Kathryn L Weston,2 Craig A Williams,1 Alan R Barker1 1Children’s Health and Exercise Research Centre, Sport and Health Sciences, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK 2School of Health and Social Care, Teesside University, Middlesbrough, UK Abstract: Physical activity lowers future cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk; however, few children and adolescents achieve the recommended minimum amount of daily activity. Accordingly, there is ...

  12. How gender disparities drive imbalances in health care leadership

    OpenAIRE

    Hoss MAK; Bobrowski P.; McDonagh KJ; Paris NM

    2011-01-01

    Mary Ann Keogh Hoss1, Paula Bobrowski2, Kathryn J McDonagh3, Nancy M Paris41Health Services Administration, Eastern Washington University, College of Business and Public Administration, Spokane, WA, USA; 2College of Liberal Arts, Auburn University, Auburn, AL, USA; 3Executive Relations, Hospira Inc, Lake Forest, IL, USA; 4Georgia Center for Oncology Research and Education, Atlanta, GA, USAAbstract: Low female representation in US hospital chief executive officer positions has persisted for de...

  13. The Impact of Pay on Navy Physician Retention in a Health Care Reform Environment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-03-01

    factors believed to 15 Damodar N. Gujarati , Basic Econometrics (New York: McGaw-Hill, 1995), 554. Kathryn Kocher, Selected SAS Documentation: Manpower...Physicians, (Center for Naval Analysis, June 1989), B-2. 18 Kocher, p 14. 19 Gujarati , 555. 79 Taking the natural log of the above equation...Naval Analysis, February 1989. Gujarati , Damodar N., Basic Econometrics New York: McGaw-Hill, 1995. Halvorson, George C, Strong Medicine. New York

  14. Creating a university technology commercialisation programme: confronting conflicts between learning, discovery and commercialisation goals

    OpenAIRE

    Aten, Kathryn; Meyer, Alan D.; Krause, Alan J.; Metzger, Matthew L.; Holloway, Samuel S.

    2011-01-01

    Author Kathryn Aten wrote this paper when affiliated with the Naval Postgraduate School. Our knowledge-based society is pressing universities to transform from monastic scholarly enclaves into producers of new technologies and incubators of start-up firms. However, converting scientists’ curiosity-driven discoveries into commercially viable innovations has proven so difficult that observers liken the journey to crossing a ‘Valley of Death’. We conceptualise the challenges of...

  15. Leadership Principles Applied to the Goliad Campaign of 1836

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-05-01

    Historical Sites, http://www.tpwd.sate.tx.us/park/fanin/ fannin.htm, accessed 5 Sep 2001. 4Harbert Davenport, “Men of Goliad,” Southwestern...accessed 5 Sep 2001. 19Ibid. 20Scott, 26. 21Ibid., 27. 17 CHAPTER 2 FORCE COMPOSITION AND LEADERSHIP The New Orleans Greys Several units...Kathryn Stoner. Presidio La Bahia 1721 - 1846. Austin, TX: Wexford Publishing, reprint 2001. Ohlendorf, Shelia M. Diccionario Porrua de Historia

  16. United States Air Force Summer Research Program -- 1991. High School Apprenticeship Program (HSAP) Reports, Volume 13: Wright Laboratory

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-12-01

    Eric Apfel 9 Preparation and Characterization of 3-Picrylamino- 1,2,4- Triazole Kathryn Deibler 10 Mercury-Indium-Silver Alloys for Joining Copper and...Fraites, Jr. 13 Stress Sensor Experimentation, Analysis and Evaluation Daniel Grayson 14 Transforms, Image Compression Derek Holland 15 Visible Laser...tasks that I helped complete was a check called "end to ends", this is actually a calibration done to ensure that the signals coming from the sensors on

  17. Modified Bayesian Kriging for Noisy Response Problems for Reliability Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-01

    52242, USA nicholas-gaul@uiowa.edu Mary Kathryn Cowles Department of Statistics & Actuarial Science College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, The...There have been surrogate modeling methods developed that use Bayesian methods [28-31]. However, none of the methods studied claim to do a full...samples, the maximum distance in each of the spatial directions from any given DoE sample to all the others is roughly three. After studying the

  18. STS-31 MS Sullivan conducts DSO 473 test on Pilot Bolden on OV-103's middeck

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-01-01

    STS-31 Mission Specialist (MS) Kathryn D. Sullivan conducts a Merieux skin test on Pilot Charles F. Bolden as part of Detailed Supplementary Objective (DSO) 473, Delayed-Type Hypersensitivity. In Sullivan's left hand is a bar filled with doses of a bacterial antigen to be administered to the subject's skin. The two crewmembers are in front of forward lockers on the middeck of the Earth-orbiting Discovery, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 103.

  19. Pour une meilleure diffusion de l'information scientifique en Afrique ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    7 févr. 2011 ... Nous avons cherché à bien comprendre ce qu'est le mentorat et ce qu'il suppose », explique Kathryn O'Hara, qui a animé l'atelier de Munich et qui est titulaire de la chaire CTV de radiotéléjournalisme scientifique de l'Université Carleton, au Canada. La première obligation des mentors, ajoute-t-elle, est ...

  20. A Randomized Effectiveness Trial of a Systems-Level Approach to Stepped Care for War-Related PTSD

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-05-01

    PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR: Lisa H. Jaycox, Ph.D. CONTRACTING ORGANIZATION: RAND Corporation Santa Monica, CA 90401-3297 REPORT DATE: May 2016 TYPE OF REPORT...NUMBER 5e. TASK NUMBER 5f. WORK UNIT NUMBER 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) RAND Corporation 1776 Main Street Santa Monica, CA...Olive Murrey G. Olmsted, PhD Kathryn E. Spagnola Emily W. Thomas Eric C. Tischner Richard D. Zemonek Emily Clark Laura Whitton-Bonnett 55

  1. Las ciudades latinoamericanas a través del espacio-tiempo

    OpenAIRE

    Tomadoni, Claudia

    2010-01-01

    En el presente número de la Revista, se presenta un conjunto de artículos de profesionales del área de estudios urbanos con expertos en geografía, arquitectura, paisajismo, gestión urbana, sociología y ciencias políticasque fueron esarrollados en tres seminarios de posgrado del Instituto de Estudios Urbanos Europeos de la BauhausUniversität Weimar en Alemania. Este Instituto se dedica a la enseñanza y la investigación de problemáticas urbanas, actualmente con la participación de profes...

  2. Hans Kelsen e Carl Schmitt: o debate entre normativismo e decisionismo

    OpenAIRE

    Godoy, Paula Véspoli

    2010-01-01

    Este trabalho visa abordar o debate entre os juristas Hans Kelsen e Carl Schmitt ocorrido no entreguerras, durante a República de Weimar. Procura analisar a teoria e os conceitos que cada autor possui sobre questões como democracia, soberania, poder de um governante e seus limites, Estado de Direito, força e função da Constituição. Analisa os dualismos que permeiam este debate, dentre os quais, normativismo e decisionismo, Direito e Poder, Jurídico e Político, normalidade e exceção, reflexões...

  3. Ende eines Dornröschenschlafs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beate Kennedy

    2005-11-01

    Full Text Available Der gut recherchierte, zum Teil mit Abbildungen versehene Jubiläums-Band Irmgard Keun 1905/2005 bietet u. a. mit den Dokumentationen der Erstrezeption der frühen Romane Gilgi, eine von uns und Das kunstseidene Mädchen in der Weimarer Republik und der Rezeption der Exilromane in den Zeitschriften Das Wort und Internationale Literatur reichlich bisher schwer zugängliches Material. Die neuen Deutungen weisen zudem bei aller Verschiedenheit auf eine Verschiebung der Parameter in der Keun-Forschung hin: weg vom biographischen Zugriff, hin zu einer stärker erzähltheoretischen Orientierung.

  4. Modische Moderne

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agnieszka Vojta

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available In ihrer opulenten Arbeit untersucht Julia Bertschik die Mode als modernes Phänomen oder besser: als Phänomen der Moderne. Für sie ist Mode nicht nur ein vestimentäres Zeichensystem, sondern eine Spiegelung sozialer und politischer Umschwünge. Somit fungiert Kleidung gleichzeitig als individueller Ausdruck des eigenen Geschmacks und als gesellschaftlicher Code. Die Kleidermode „als Indikator kulturellen Wandels“ wird von Bertschik im Hinblick auf vier Epochen untersucht: Goethezeit, Jahrhundertwende, Weimarer Republik und Nationalsozialismus.

  5. The social novel by Hans Fallada Little man, what now?

    OpenAIRE

    Zobenica Nikolina N.

    2016-01-01

    Although the novel by Hans Fallada (born as Rudolf Ditzen, 1893-1947) Little Man, What Now? (Kleiner Mann, was nun?) was published more than eighty years ago (1932), it was only translated to Serbian in 2015. It can be regarded both as a belated reaction or publication in the right moment - both would be correct. The novel has also regained attention in Germany, and the unabridged edition was published in 2016. Little Man, What Now? is the novel on a little man in the Weimar Republic and depi...

  6. Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900): a classical case of mitochondrial encephalomyopathy with lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes (MELAS) syndrome?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koszka, Christiane

    2009-08-01

    Friedrich Nietzsche was one of the most influential and profound German philosophers. After prolonged illness, he died at the age of 55 in Weimar, Germany. The interest in his medical biography has always been strong while the cause of his illness and death has remained a mystery, intriguing philosophers as well as physicians. The diagnosis of syphilis proposed in the 19th century has been controversial until today and many other diagnoses have been discussed. This paper suggests that Nietzsche suffered from mitochondrial encephalomyopathy with lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes syndrome.

  7. La música de Rainer Viertlböck en la versión restaurada del film Das Kabinett des Doktor Caligari de Robert Wiene (1919)

    OpenAIRE

    Amorós Pons, Anna María; Universidad de Vigo (Galicia, España); Gómez Otero, Nuria; Conservatorio Profesional de Redondela (Vigo, España)

    2017-01-01

    En el artículo se resumen los resultados más destacables de un estudio integrado en una investigación más general sobre la música como elemento narrativo en el Cine de la República de Weimar. Esta aportación se ha acotado al estudio musical de la película considerada obra maestra del expresionismo cinematográfico alemán, Das Kabinett des Doktor Caligari de Robert Wiene (1919). El texto se adentra en el complejo estudio de la composición musical realizada en este caso por Rainer Viertlböck en ...

  8. Crowds and Crisis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Borch, Christian

    semantics, and (2) argues that, however timely and consistent with widespread notions of social structures the new semantics appeared, it offered little in terms of actually making sense of crowds, as it in effect removed the focus on crowds as such. As a response to this, the paper argues for reviving...... semantics of crowds associated collective behaviour with irrationality, contagion and hypnotic suggestibility. Precisely this semantic repertoire was called into question after the November revolution: Weimar sociologists, with Theodor Geiger in a lead role, argued for an alternative conception of crowds...

  9. Probleme mit „Modernisierung als Interpretationsrahmen von sozialer Arbeit und ‚Mütterlichkeit‘“

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brita Rang

    2004-11-01

    Full Text Available Unverändert ist das bereits 1986 von Christoph Sachße vorgelegte Buch nun ein drittes Mal, allerdings in einem anderen Verlag erschienen. Gegenstand ist die Entstehung der modernen beruflichen Sozialarbeit, die – so die These –, aus einer Verbindung von bürgerlich-kommunaler Wohlfahrtspflege und bürgerlich-konservativer Frauenbewegung hervorging. Deren ethisches Konzept der ‚geistigen Mütterlichkeit‘ habe jedoch von Beginn an in einem Spannungsverhältnis zur zunehmenden Verberuflichung und Bürokratisierung der sozialen Arbeit im Ersten Weltkrieg und der Weimarer Republik gestanden.

  10. En skåltale for det tyske demokrati?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Peters, Rikke

    2009-01-01

      The essay introduces and discusses Kurt Sontheimer's article: "The Continuity in German antidemocratic Thought. From the Weimar Republic to the Federal Republic" published in the anthology: Gessenharter & Pfeiffer (eds): Die Neue Rechte - eine Gefahr für die Demokratie?, Wiesbaden 2004. Kurt So...... of intellectuals are attempting to make nationalism acceptable to the political centre. Sontheimer's warning against the revival of a new nationalism may therefore very well be appreciated when celebrating the 60s anniversary of The Federal Republic of Germany in 2009....

  11. Las ciudades latinoamericanas a través del `espacio- tiempo´

    OpenAIRE

    TOMADONI CLAUDIA; CARVALHO DA SILVA ADRIANA

    2010-01-01

    Este artículo aborda el seminario “La ciudad latino- americana a través del espacio- tiempo” que tuvo lugar durante el semestre de invierno 2007/2008 en el Instituto de Urbanística Europea, de la Bauhaus- Universidad de Weimar. Su intención era básicamente introducir la metodología de Milton Santos, analizar la historia y la geografía de algunas ciudades latino- americanas a través de estudios de casos y estimular la producción científica escrita. En Alemania, el pensamiento de Milton Santos ...

  12. Spazi “affettivi”: un’analisi spaziale di «Brennendes Geheimnis» di Stefan Zweig

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia Ulrich

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available This article aims at providing an interpretation and analysis of German literary works, especially of Stefan Zweig’s short story Burning Secret (2011, read through the lenses of recent theories on the interconnectedness of living space, identity formation and emotions. The reading here sug­gested moves from the analogy between literary investigations and proper Freudian suggestions. Zweig’s optimism in coming to terms with – and working through – the inner struggle of the adolescent main protagonist is here assimilated to a kind of modern folktale and becomes the “untimely” humane message that echoes classical ideals of the Weimar culture.

  13. Crime and German Decadence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Kim Toft

    In Crime Stories: Criminalistic Fantasy and the Culture of Crisis in Weimar Germany, Todd Herzog – explicitly or implicitly – deals with different established myths about crime fiction, criminality and its cultural presumptions. It is generally quite seldom – as Herzog does – that the three...... in general – both fact and fiction – and the cultural, philosophical and sociological components in the established presumptions of these stories, there seems to be a foundation of a general revision of the understanding and representation of crime and violence. Todd Herzog’s recent book Crime Stories...

  14. Multidimensional ''smart K{sub d}-matrices''. Americium(III) and neptunium(V)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stockmann, Madlen; Brendler, Vinzenz [Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf e.V., Dresden (Germany). Div. Surface Processes; Fluegge, J.; Noseck, U. [Gesellschaft fuer Anlagen- und Reaktorsicherheit gGmbH, Brunswick (Germany)

    2016-07-01

    In the framework of the WEIMAR project, the smart K{sub d}-concept [1] was extended towards a more realistic description of sorption processes and radionuclide migration in the existing transport program r{sup 3}t [2]. So far, the pH, the ionic strength (IS) and the concentrations of dissolved inorganic carbon [DIC], [Ca] and radionuclides [RN] were considered and varied according to field site conditions of the Gorleben site. In this article, recent results for smart K{sub d}-distributions of Am(III) and Np(V) are presented.

  15. Raza, alteridad y exclusión en Alemania durante la década de 1920

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Castillejo Cuéllar

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available In 1927, under the umbrella of the Kaiser Wilhelm Gesellschaft, the institution responsible for directing Germany's research policies, the Kaiser Wilhelm Institut für Anthropologie, Menschliche, Erblehre und Eugenic (Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Anthropology, Human Heredity and Eugenics was founded. The institution represented the apex of the German eugenics movement that had developed in the previous decades, and the birth of oneof the intellectual centers where the Reich's ideology of social engineering was founded. This article discusses some of the historic elements that linked racial ideology, the bedrock of Nazi policy of extermination, and the social sciences during the Weimar period

  16. The 'Stolpersteine' and the Commemoration of Life, Death, and Government

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Östman, Lars

    where the ideas of both Agamben, Michel Foucault, and Carlo Ginzburg are interpreted in opposition to Jan Assmann’s theory of cultural memory. Thus, the dissertation argues for the principle of reality maintaining a fundamental insistence on the difference between commemorating myth and fact, Pesach...... and Auschwitz. In Part Two the dissertation argues that the state of exception is a key to understand the Third Reich in its transition away from the Weimar Republic. The National Socialist ‘gewollte Ausnahmezustand’ fundamentally breaks with Carl Schmitt’s theories of commissionary and sovereign dictatorship...

  17. L’historiographie allemande et le mythe d’une « guerre de libération » en 1813. Le cas du royaume de Westphalie

    OpenAIRE

    Owzar, Armin

    2017-01-01

    Le royaume de Westphalie fut le premier État constitutionnel en Allemagne. En conséquence, les historiens sous l’Empire allemand, la République de Weimar, le Troisième Reich, la RFA et la RDA décrivent sa dissolution de manière contradictoire. En analysant les différentes représentations dans l’historiographie allemande, cet article se propose d’analyser les mentalités politiques des historiens professionnels qui ont toujours fait partie de la bourgeoisie culturelle allemande et qui ont appar...

  18. III República Francesa y Derechos Sociales

    OpenAIRE

    García, Eloy

    2014-01-01

    Lex Social: Revista de derechos sociales, vol.4 , nº1 (2014) p. 1-7 Habitualmente se viene atribuyendo a la República de Weimar y a la Constitución alemana de 11 de agosto de 1919 que la hizo posible, el importante logro de haber impulsado en Europa la emergencia histórica del Estado Social y Democrático de Derecho. Más precisamente se suele localizar de manera concreta su definición conceptual en la obra de Herman Heller que, consciente de la insostenible tensión que en los años veinte y ...

  19. Ende eines Dornröschenschlafs The End of Sleeping Beauty’s Slumber

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beate Kennedy

    2005-11-01

    Full Text Available Der gut recherchierte, zum Teil mit Abbildungen versehene Jubiläums-Band Irmgard Keun 1905/2005 bietet u. a. mit den Dokumentationen der Erstrezeption der frühen Romane Gilgi, eine von uns und Das kunstseidene Mädchen in der Weimarer Republik und der Rezeption der Exilromane in den Zeitschriften Das Wort und Internationale Literatur reichlich bisher schwer zugängliches Material. Die neuen Deutungen weisen zudem bei aller Verschiedenheit auf eine Verschiebung der Parameter in der Keun-Forschung hin: weg vom biographischen Zugriff, hin zu einer stärker erzähltheoretischen Orientierung.The well-researched and partially illustrated anniversary volume Imgard Keun 1905/2005 offers abundant material that has, up till now, been difficult to approach. The volume is comprised of, among other items, the documentation of the primary reception of the early novels Gilgi, One of Us (Gilgi, eine von uns and The Artificial Silk Girl (Das kunstseidene Mädchen in the Weimar Republic and the reception in the newspapers Das Wort and Internationale Literatur of the novels written in exile. Though differing highly from one another, the most recent analyses all point to a shift in the parameters of Keun research: away from biographical interpretation and towards a strong narrative theoretical approach.

  20. Transnational and entangled histories of National Socialism? The Turkish dimension of German interwar history

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ihrig, Stefan

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The history of National Socialism is mostly narrated and researched within its national, German context. While it appears obvious that Germany was interconnected with the broader world at the time, this has had little impact on our understanding of the history of National Socialism. This article investigates the Turkish dimension of especially early National Socialism and shows how debates on Turkey and recent events there influenced and shaped debates in the German media in the early Weimar republic. The Turkish War of Independence (1919-1923 as well as the Armenian Genocide during World War I Turkey were topics of public debate in the early Weimar Republic. While this seems surprising, if not unlikely at first, it is through translation of these events into wholly German terms and dimensions that they became highly relevant to Germany at the time. This is a contribution to entangled history and media history as it proposes a new way to understand international history and influences through public debates, news coverage, and political discourse.

  1. Probleme mit „Modernisierung als Interpretationsrahmen von sozialer Arbeit und ‚Mütterlichkeit‘“ Problems with “Modernisierung als Interpretationsrahmen von sozialer Arbeit und ‘Mütterlichkeit’” (Modernization as Interpretive Structure for Social Work and ‘Motherliness’

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brita Rang

    2004-11-01

    Full Text Available Unverändert ist das bereits 1986 von Christoph Sachße vorgelegte Buch nun ein drittes Mal, allerdings in einem anderen Verlag erschienen. Gegenstand ist die Entstehung der modernen beruflichen Sozialarbeit, die – so die These –, aus einer Verbindung von bürgerlich-kommunaler Wohlfahrtspflege und bürgerlich-konservativer Frauenbewegung hervorging. Deren ethisches Konzept der ‚geistigen Mütterlichkeit‘ habe jedoch von Beginn an in einem Spannungsverhältnis zur zunehmenden Verberuflichung und Bürokratisierung der sozialen Arbeit im Ersten Weltkrieg und der Weimarer Republik gestanden.Christoph Sachße’s 1986 work has been published for the third time in an unaltered form, albeit with a different publisher. The object of study is the origin of modern occupational social work that—according to the thesis—developed from the alliance of middle-class/municipal welfare work and the middle-class/conservative women’s movement. Their ethical concept of ‘spiritual motherliness’, however, maintained a tense relationship to the increasing bureaucratization of social work and the incorporation thereof as a mode of occupation during World War I and the Weimar Republic.

  2. Exilios en la Bauhaus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wittenberg, Stella

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available The Bauhaus movement during the Weimar Republic is one of the most relevant events in 20th century art. Its importance is based on the absolute transformation of the aesthetic values. The human aspect of the Bauhaus brought together the paths of the artists’ lives. Walter Gropius was the undisputed soul of the School. While the socialist ideology of its members as well as its avantgarde artistic scheme furthered its success, they also caused its downfall and its persecution by the Nazis. The majority of the members of the Bauhaus had no choice but to go into exile.La institución de la Bauhaus en la República de Weimar es uno de los acontecimientos más significativos en el Arte del siglo XX. Su importancia radica en la absoluta transformación de los planteamientos estéticos. El aspecto humano de la Bauhaus va unido a los itinerarios de vida de los maestros. Walter Gropius fue el alma de la Escuela. Tanto la ideología socialista de sus miembros como el ideario artístico vanguardista precipitaron su éxito pero también su fracaso y persecución por el nacionalsocialismo. La mayoría de sus maestros tuvieron que buscar refugio en el exilio.

  3. Constituição, soberania e ditadura em Carl Schmitt Constitution, sovereignty and dictatorship in Carl Schmitt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ronaldo Porto Macedo Júnior

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available A partir de uma reconstrução do decisionismo schmittiano e da análise de como ele deixa sua marca em termos básicos da sua concepção como os de democracia, soberania e ditadura, examina-se o pensamento de Schmitt à luz de suas intervenções teóricas e práticas nas questões constitucionais na Alemanha de Weimar e do nacional-socialismo. Examina-se especialmente como para Schmitt a unidade e hierarquia dos poderes políticos e do direito requerem um Estado forte e um comando centralizado, no lugar de um equilíbrio pluralista.On the basis of a reconstruction of Schmitt's decisionism and of the analysis of its effects on key terms of his conception like democracy, sovereignty and dictatorship, Schmitts thought is examined regarding his theoretical and practical positions on the constitutional issues of Weimar's Germany and of National-socialism. Special attention is given to how for him the unity and the hierarchy of the political powers and of the law demand a strong State and a centralized command instead of a pluralistic balance.

  4. For an aesthetics of communication: Interview with Frank Hartmann Por uma estética da comunicação: entrevista com Frank Hartmann

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucia Leao

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available In August 18, 2010, Frank Hartmann was present at the Post Graduate Program in Communication and Semiotics of PUC-SP, where he lectured on the following theme: “Towards an aesthetics of communication”. Frank Hartmann is full professor at the Bauhaus University, Weimar in Germany and external faculty member at the Dept. of Communication, University of Vienna, Austria. He is the author, among others, of: Medien und Kommunikation (2008; Mediologie - Ansatz einer der Medientheorie Kulturwissenschaften (2003, and Medienphilosophie (2000. More information on his website: http://www.medienphilosophie.net/f_hartmann.htmlFrank Hartmann esteve no dia 18 de agosto de 2010 no Programa de Pós-Graduação em Comunicação e Semiótica da PUC-SP, onde proferiu a palestra “Towards an aesthetics of communication”. Hartmann é professor titular da Universidade Bauhaus, em Weimar, na Alemanha e professor convidado do Departamento de Comunicação da Universidade de Viena, na Áustria. É autor, entre outros, de: Medien und Kommunikation (2008; Mediologie – Ansätze einer Medientheorie der Kulturwissenschaften (2003; e Medienphilosophie (2000. Mais informações em seu site: http://www.medienphilosophie.net/f_hartmann.html

  5. Probing of Fast Chemical Dynamics at High Pressures and Temperatures using Pulsed Laser Techniques

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-12-17

    The Journal of Chemical Physics , (08 2011): 1. doi: 10.1063/1.3626860 13.00 23.00 20.00 18.00 17.00 16.00 15.00 24.00 38.00 08/30/2011 08/30/2011...diagram, The Journal of Chemical Physics , (05 2011): 1. doi: 10.1063/1.3574009 Andrew Kung, Alexander F. Goncharov, Chang sheng Zha, Peter Eng...Wendy L. Mao. Compressional, temporal, and compositional behavior of H2-O2 compound formed by high pressure x-ray irradiation, The

  6. Introduction: Undoing the demos

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dean, Mitchell

    2017-01-01

    the demos and, hence, democracy. Analysing neo-liberalism and its relationship to democracy, Brown draws on the works of Michel Foucault and Karl Marx. The exchange here between the three reviewers –Mitchell Dean, Alen Toplišek and Anne Barron – and Wendy Brown focuses on a number of issues: the use...... and usefulness of Michel Foucault’s notion of governmentality and Karl Marx’s analysis of capitalism for analysing neoliberalism; the way that neoliberalism ‘economises’ everything including politics and democracy; the nature of the state and of sovereignty, and how the left should relate to these...

  7. ベトナムバクニン省出土仁壽舎利塔銘、及びその石函について

    OpenAIRE

    河上, 麻由子

    2013-01-01

    In 2004, the oldest inscription of Viet Nam was discovered in the Province of B́ăc Ninh. The inscription was unearthed with a lid of its own, an empty coffer, a coffer lid and a stone plank. According to this inscription, the text was inscribed in 601--the first year of Emperor Sui Wen-di's Renshou relic-distribution campaigns--and the coffer and its accessories were made for the Chanzhong Monastery 禪衆寺, located in Rongbian-Xian prefecture 龍編縣 in Jiaozhou 交州 province. According to a recent re...

  8. La ciencia del cosmos, la ciencia en el cosmos : 2015 : ciclo de conferencias de astrofisica y cosmologia

    CERN Document Server

    Science of the Cosmos, Science in the Cosmos : 2015 : series of lectures on astrophysics and cosmology

    2015-01-01

    Welcome to "Science of the Cosmos, Sciences in the Cosmos", the series of lectures that the BBVA Foundation has been offering, live and on DVD, since March 2011. Lecture 1 : Comets and planets / Willy Benz ; lecture 2 : The discovery that the Universe is expanding / James E. Peebles ; lecture 3 : The Universe : continuing surprises / Wendy Freedman ; lecture 4 : The high energy Universe : gamma rays, cosmis rays, neutron stars and black holes / Roger Blandford ; lecture 5 : Earliest light, from the end of the Earth / John M. Kovac ; lecture 6 : The amazing liquid xenon for dark matter WIMPs detection / Elena Aprile

  9. Mycetoma: epidemiology, treatment challenges, and progress

    OpenAIRE

    Mohamed HT; Fahal A; van de Sande WWJ

    2015-01-01

    Hala Taha Mohamed,1 Ahmed Fahal,1 Wendy WJ van de Sande2 1Mycetoma Research Center, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan; 2Department of Medical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, the Netherlands Abstract: Mycetoma is a chronic infectious disease of the subcutaneous tissue with a high morbidity. This disease is most commonly seen in countries between 30°N and 15°S of the equator, but cases have also been seen in Europe and the USA. Due to the lack...

  10. Elistagem eestimaist. Abikaasade meelevallas / Aita Kivi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivi, Aita, 1954-

    2002-01-01

    Sisu : Anton Nigov [Tõnu Õnnepalu]. Harjutused; Elme Väljaste. Kiusatus; Reet Kudu. Täiskuu ja tänavalatern; Vaapo Vaher. Surmakuul & seemnepurse; Jelena Skulskaja. Vene rulett; Inge Ojala. Asendusema ja olematud lapsed; Inge Ojala. Andesta - ma kasvasin tänaval; Barbara Vine. Korstnapühkija poeg; Charlotte Bingham. Suveaeg; Lisa Gardner. Täiuslik abikaasa; Wendy Northcutt. Darwini auhinnad 2; Dean Foster. Euroopa riikide etikett ja tavad; J. P. Donleavy. Naine, kellele meeldisid puhtad tualettruumid; Karin Altvegen. Kadunud hing; Grant Naylor. Punane kääbus; Dylan Evans. Emotsioon. Sentimenditeooria

  11. Ottawa Model of Implementation Leadership and Implementation Leadership Scale: mapping concepts for developing and evaluating theory-based leadership interventions [Corrigendum

    OpenAIRE

    Gifford W; Graham ID; Ehrhart MG; Davies BL; Aarons GA

    2017-01-01

    Gifford W, Graham ID, Ehrhart MG, Davies BL, Aarons GA.Journal of Healthcare Leadership. 2017;9:15–23.Page 15, the author affiliation section is incorrect. The correctauthor affiliations are shown below.Wendy Gifford1,2Ian D Graham1,3,4Mark G Ehrhart5Barbara L Davies1,2Gregory A Aarons6,71School of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, University ofOttawa, ON, Canada; 2Nursing Best Practice Research Center,University of Ottawa, ON, Canada; 3Centre for Practice-ChangingResearch, Ottaw...

  12. The Budgetary Effects of the United States Participation in the International Monetary Fund

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-01

    Portugal 21.0 Greece 17.5 Ukraine 10.9 Ireland 5.4 Pakistan 5.1 Jordan 1.8 Tunisia 1.4 Iraq 1.3 Cyprus 1.1 Cote d’Ivoire 1.1 All Other Membersa 11.7_____...more information, see Robert A. Jones and Yan Wendy Wu, “Credit Exposure and Valuation of Revolving Credit Lines,” Journal of Derivatives, vol. 22...and Zvi Bodie, “Contingent Claims Approach to Measuring and Managing Sovereign Credit Risk,” Journal of Investment Management, vol. 5, no. 4 (2007

  13. The National School Lunch Program: Ideas, proposals, policies, and politics shaping students' experiences with school lunch in the United States, 1946 - present

    OpenAIRE

    Gosliner, Wendi Anne

    2013-01-01

    AbstractThe National School Lunch Program:Ideas, proposals, policies, and politics shaping students' experiences with school lunch in the United States, 1946 - presentBy Wendi Anne GoslinerDoctor of Public HealthUniversity of California, BerkeleyProfessor Ann Keller, ChairOn an average school day in 2012, The National School Lunch Program (NSLP) supported the provision of lunch meals to almost 2/3 of school-age youth in the United States. Recent spikes in childhood obesity rates and the emerg...

  14. Ottawa Model of Implementation Leadership and Implementation Leadership Scale: mapping concepts for developing and evaluating theory-based leadership interventions

    OpenAIRE

    Gifford W; Graham ID; Ehrhart MG; Davies BL; Aarons GA

    2017-01-01

    Wendy Gifford,1 Ian D Graham,2,3 Mark G Ehrhart,4 Barbara L Davies,5,6 Gregory A Aarons7 1School of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ottawa, ON, Canada; 2Centre for Practice-Changing Research, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, 3School of Epidemiology, Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Facility of Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada; 4Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA, USA; 5Nursing Best Practice Research Center, Univers...

  15. Developing a model for effective leadership in healthcare: a concept mapping approach

    OpenAIRE

    Hargett CW; Doty JP; Hauck JN; Webb AMB; Cook SH; Tsipis NE; Neumann JA; Andolsek KM; Taylor DC

    2017-01-01

    Charles William Hargett,1 Joseph P Doty,2 Jennifer N Hauck,3 Allison MB Webb,4 Steven H Cook,5 Nicholas E Tsipis,4 Julie A Neumann,6 Kathryn M Andolsek,7 Dean C Taylor6 1Division of Pulmonary, Allergy, and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, 2Feagin Leadership Program, 3Department of Anesthesiology, 4School of Medicine, 5Department of Neurosurgery, 6Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, 7Department of Community and Family Medicine, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC, USA ...

  16. El papel de actores transnacionales a propósito de la situación derechos humanos en Venezuela

    OpenAIRE

    Falah, Natalia

    2015-01-01

    A partir de febrero de 2014, la historia de la República Bolivariana se fracturó. El descontento popular, la protesta social y las marchas pacíficas son reprimidas como consecuencia de un abuso de poder por parte del gobierno del presidente Nicolás Maduro. Las redes de información y comunicación, en los términos de Margaret Keck y Kathryn Sikkink, han jugado un papel fundamental para poner en evidencia las violaciones sistemáticas a los DD.HH., siendo estos el factor principal que vulnera la ...

  17. Army Library Institute V: Product/Marketing/Service - Volume I, Report of Proceedings

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-11-01

    only in these cases: a« Retain a date in subfield :f d. b. Betain titles of nobilitj and terms of honor and address (e.g. Sir , Dame, Lady, Lord, Baron...Vard, Humphry , sfcc Hrs. f. Books not in the author’s language. Retain a form of the name in the heading that appears to be the form in the author’s...RPRO Bldg 4484 Redstone Arsenal, AL 35898 AV: 746-1331 Davis , Kathryn E. Post Library Bldg. 3717 Fort Wainwright, AK (317) 353-6114 99703

  18. Utilizing buprenorphine–naloxone to treat illicit and prescription-opioid dependence

    OpenAIRE

    Mauger S; Fraser R; Gill K.

    2014-01-01

    Sofie Mauger,1 Ronald Fraser1,2 Kathryn Gill1,2 1Department of Psychiatry, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada; 2Addictions Unit, McGill University Health Centre, Montreal, QC, Canada Objectives: To review current evidence on buprenorphine–naloxone (bup/nx) for the treatment of opioid-use disorders, with a focus on strategies for clinical management and office-based patient care. Quality of evidence: Medline and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews were searched. Consens...

  19. Reviews of recent publications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Edwards, Catherine, ed. Roman Presences: Receptions of Rome in European Culture, 1789-1945. Christina Ujma Gilman, Sander L. and Jurek Becker. A Life in Five Worlds. David Malcolm Rodden, John, ed. Conversations with Isabel Allende. Daniela Melis Schrift, Alan D., ed. Why Nietzsche Still? Reflections on Drama, Culture, and Politics. Jennifer Marston William Viegnes, Michel, ed. Hugo et la chimère. Recherches & Travaux 62. Kathryn M. Grossman Winston, Jane Bradley. Postcolonial Duras: Cultural Memory in Postwar France. Carol J. Murphy

  20. Blink User Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-07-07

    Blink User Guide A debugger contributed to xtc , Version 1.xx.x (07/07/08) Byeongcheol Lee, Martin Hirzel, Robert Grimm and Kathryn McKinley The...This is the user guide for a debugger contributed to xtc Version 1.xx.x (07/07/08). Copyright c© 2007, 2008 IBM, UT Austin and NYU. i Table of Contents 1...to install xtc , which includes the Blink debugger, and how to test that the installed Blink debugger runs correctly. 1.1.1 Requirements The Blink

  1. Evaluation of spectrum measurement devices for operational use

    CERN Document Server

    Devine, R T; Gray, D W; Seagraves, D T; Olsher, R H; Johnson, J P

    2002-01-01

    Several neutron spectrometers manufactured by Bubble Technology Industries (BTI) were tested and evaluated in a variety of neutron fields. Findings and conclusions are presented for the following BTI instruments: a modification of the Rotational Spectrometer (ROSPEC) that includes a thermal and epithermal capability, the Simple Scintillation Spectrometer that is used in conjunction with the ROSPEC to extend its high-energy range, and the MICROSPEC N-Probe which is capable of providing a crude spectrum over the energy range from thermal to 18 MeV. The main objective of these measurements was to determine the accuracy of both the energy spectrum and dose equivalent information generated by these devices. In addition, the dose response of the Wide-Energy Neutron Detection Instrument (WENDI-II) was measured in all neutron fields relative to a bare sup 2 sup 5 sup 2 Cf calibration. The performance of the WENDI-II rem meter was compared to the dose information generated by the neutron spectrometers. The instruments...

  2. Adolescent calorie/fat menu ordering at fast food restaurants compared to other restaurants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamamoto, Julienne A; Yamamoto, Joelle B; Yamamoto, Brennan E; Yamamoto, Loren G

    2006-08-01

    Childhood and adolescent obesity is an increasing public health problem. Fast food consumption has been linked to obesity. The purpose of this study is to determine adolescent calorie and fat consumption patterns at different types of restaurants. Study subjects (104 adolescents) were asked to order a dinner meal from 10 restaurant menus with an estimate of how much they would actually consume. A paired T-test was used to compare the calories and fat values for each restaurant vs. McDonald's. Mean calories/fat (g) ordered at each restaurant were: California Pizza Kitchen (CPK).: 1284/70, Chili's (Ch). 1333/62, Denny's (Den): 1226/61, McDonald's (MD): 1016/45, Outback Steakhouse (OS): 1656/93, Panda Express (PE): 873/29, Red Lobster (RL): 1016/49, Stuart Anderson's (SA). 1058/52, Taco Bell (TB): 800/34, Wendy's (Wen): 879/32. Calorie/fat content of the ordered items were significantly higher at CPK, Ch, Den, and OS compared to McDonald's. RL and SA were not significantly different from MD. Calorie/fat content of the ordered items were significantly lower at PE, TB and Wen compared with McDonald's. More calories/fat were ordered at many sit down restaurants compared to McDonald's. The lowest calories/fat were ordered at other fast food restaurants (Taco Bell, Wendy's and Panda Express).

  3. Eugenics and racial biology in Sweden and the USSR: contacts across the Baltic Sea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rudling, Per Anders

    2014-01-01

    The 1920s saw a significant exchange between eugenicists in Sweden and the young Soviet state. Sweden did not take part in World War I, and during the years following immediately upon the Versailles peace treaty, Swedish scholars came to serve as an intermediary link between, on the one hand, Soviet Russia and Weimar Germany, and, on the other hand, Western powers. Swedish eugenicists organized conferences, lecture tours, visits, scholarly exchanges, and transfers and translation of eugenic research. Herman Lundborg, the director of the world's first State Institute of Racial Biology, was an old-fashioned, deeply conservative, and anti-communist "scientific" racist, who somewhat paradoxically came to serve as something of a Western liaison for Soviet eugenicists. Whereas the contacts were disrupted in 1930, Swedish eugenicists had a lasting impact on Soviet physical anthropologists, who cited their works well into the 1970s, long after they had been discredited in Sweden.

  4. ["In the Third Reich there must be no cruelty to animals anymore"--the development of the Reich's Animal Welfare Law from 1933].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schimanski, Michael

    2009-04-01

    In the German Reich cruelty to animals was punishable over decades only under anthropozentrical points of view, animal experiments and slaughter without stunning were also settled insufficient. Then at the end of the republic of Weimar initiated by the national socialists slaughter without stunning was forbidden. After the takeover by the national socialists the ban was immediately extended to the hole country, the criminal punishment of cruelty to animals was increased and finally the Reichstierschutzgesetz was enacted--influenced by an ethical way of protection of animals. The societies for the prevention of cruelty to animals were aligned and offences against the law were punished with hard sentences. Protection of animals was particularly promoted by the national socialists on propagandistic purposes and served for the compensation of an increasing degeneration of social values.

  5. Députés antiparlementaires

    OpenAIRE

    Patin, Nicolas

    2013-01-01

    Sous la République de Weimar, l’antiparlementarisme qui existait sous l’Empire connaît une forte croissance. Le Reichstag étant devenu la clef de voûte du régime, l’antiparlementarisme est d’autant plus radical. Il est au centre de l’idéologie des deux nouvelles formations politiques que sont le parti communiste et le parti nazi. Pourtant, l’un comme l’autre comptent un très grand nombre de députés. Comment ces derniers concilient-ils leur discours antiparlementaire et leur statut de député ?...

  6. L'apparition de mouvements de caméra psychologiques chez F. W. Murnau

    OpenAIRE

    Freundlich, Jonathan

    2010-01-01

    Le cinéma de la République de Weimar est fortement marqué par l’influence du mouvement expressionniste et du théâtre de Max Reinhardt. Avec l’expressionnisme, la subjectivité transforme la réalité en des visions angoissantes et stylisées, tandis que le théâtre de Max Reinhardt met l’accent sur des jeux d’éclairage en clair-obscur qui renforcent la tension d’une atmosphère ou le pathétique d’un personnage. Les films de F. W. Murnau explorent souvent la complexité des sentiments humains et des ...

  7. Der ‚caligarische Imperativ'. Schrift und Bild im Stummfilm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ulrich Johannes Beil

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Against the background of the Ut-pictura-poesis-discussion and the crisis of language at the beginning of the twentieth century, the article shows that silent movies used to integrate letters and writing not only for the obligatory title cards, but also, in a wider sense, as so called 'inserts': notes, letters, telegrams, certificates, testaments, etc.. The article analyses movies such as Der Golem, wie er in die Welt kam (1920, Nosferatu (1922, Dr. Mabuse, der Spieler (1922, Das Wachsfigurenkabinett (1923/24 and above all Robert Wienes' Das Cabinet des Dr. Caligari (1920 as examples of a complex and multfaceted mode of relation between picture and writing in the German Cinema of the Republic of Weimar. The famous order You must become Caligari in Wienes' film can be read as a hybrid formula, mixing as well the hypnotic imperative, the rhetoric of persuasion, the language of commercials, combining different discursive energies (medical, political, psychological, economical of the time.

  8. Rezension von: Eva Blome: Reinheit und Vermischung. Literarisch-kulturelle Entwürfe von ‚Rasse‘ und Sexualität (1900–1930. Köln u.a.: Böhlau Verlag 2011.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alina Timofte

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Eva Blome setzt sich in ihrer umfassenden Dissertation erstmalig aus literaturwissenschaftlicher Perspektive mit den interdiskursiven Transformationen des Themas ‚Rassenmischung‘ im deutschen kolonialen Kontext auseinander. Die Autorin nimmt den Einsatz der ‚Rassenmischung‘ als biopolitische und poetologische Argumentationsfigur in den Fokus, indem sie die deutschsprachige Kolonialliteratur um 1900 und die Kunst und Literatur des europäischen Primitivismus behandelt und sich abschließend mit den Kultur- und Rassentheorien der Weimarer Republik beschäftigt. Zentrale Verdienste des Buches liegen darin, dass eine Forschungsnische gefüllt und weiterführende Forschungsfragen zum Thema ‚rassisch‘ transgressiver Sexualität aufgeworfen werden.

  9. Erst akzeptiert, dann abgedrängt. Frauen in den Wissenschaften in der ersten Hälfte des 20. Jahrhunderts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia von Gélieu

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available „Von den Ausnahmen zu den Außenseiterinnen“ lautet die Bilanz von Annette Vogt für die ersten fünfzig Jahre, in denen die deutschen Universitäten auch für Frauen ihre Tore geöffnet hatten. Frauen in den Wissenschaften waren in der Weimarer Republik fast schon selbstverständlich, als der Nationalsozialismus zu gravierenden Rückschlägen führte. Damit einher ging die Verschiebung des universitären Betätigungsfeldes der Frauen von den Natur- zu den Geisteswissenschaften. Noch lange nach 1945 waren die Folgen dieser Entwicklung zu spüren. Zu diesen Ergebnissen kommt Vogt durch die vergleichende Analyse der Werdegänge von mehreren hundert Wissenschaftlerinnen an der Berliner Universität und der außeruniversitären Kaiser-Wilhelm-Gesellschaft in der ersten Hälfte des 20. Jahrhunderts.

  10. Decisionismo e Hermenêutica Negativa: Carl Schmitt, Hans Kelsen e a afirmação do poder no ato interpretativo do direito

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andityas Soares de Moura Costa Matos

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2177-7055.2013v34n67p111O presente artigo pretende refletir sobre as teorias da interpretação jurídica nas obras de Carl Schmitt e Hans Kelsen, demonstrando que, muito embora assumam diferentes sentidos do decisionismo, acabam por gerar uma hermenêutica negativa. Para tanto, analisa-se a obra de Schmitt nos anos de 1910, período ainda marcado por um enfoque neokantiano; nos anos de 1920, no contexto da crise de Weimar; e nos anos de 1930, quando Schmitt adere ao nacional-socialismo. No que diz respeito a Kelsen, privilegia-se as duas edições da Teoria Pura do Direito (1934 e 1960. Como conclusão, percebe-se a insuficiência da hermenêutica negativa.

  11. Paul Schmitthenner. El albañil desconocido

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Manuel García Roig

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available Schmitthenner es conocido sobre todo por su adscripción a las corrientes más conservadoras de la arquitectura alemana durante los años de la República de Weimar. Después, por saludar con gran entusiasmo la llegada al poder del Partido Nacional-Socialista, en cuyas filas militó. Pero ceñirse sólo a esta vertiente de su vida ofrece un perfil parcial y deformado de su figura dada la proyección e importancia que su obra alcanza en determinadas cuestiones que afectan a la teoría y práctica de la arquitectura contemporánea.

  12. Sfida alle convenzioni “gastronomiche” del teatro d’opera: “Aufstieg und Fall der Stadt Mahagonny” di Kurt Weill e Bertolt Brecht

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Ficarella

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available An unconventional work like Aufstieg und Fall der Stadt Mahagonny, written by Weill and Brecht between 1927 and 1930, provides an opportunity to address, through a multi-disciplinary didactic approach, a crucial moment in the evolution of opera theatre in the German cultural area in the years immediately following WWI. In the Germany of those years, operatic and theatrical institutions had been undermined both by the impact of the new media, above all by silent cinema, and by the disruptive social pressure of urban mass culture during the Weimar Republic. In this context, the ‘epic’ model of musical dramaturgy developed by Brecht and Weill in Mahagonny appears as an attempt to renew, or possibly reject altogether, the 19th-century work by using its very means.

  13. The Lincoln Image in Germany

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    Jörg Nagler

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available This essay investigates the enduring fascination with the sixteenth President of the United States in Germany. In general, his legacy and its evaluation changed in relation to the determinate historical contexts, beginning with the monarchial system, extending through the Weimar Republic, the Third Reich, and now the Federal Republic of Germany. Certain social and political individuals/groups in Germany used the image and iconography of Lincoln as a projection screen to support their own political objectives. Although there were always multiple layers of Lincoln representations in Germany, the dominant images were: the national unifier, the libertarian universalist, the emancipator, the defender of moral values, the modernizer, the democrat who used the power of the democratic state, the egalitarian self-made man from humble origins, and the defender of social justice and workingmen’s rights.

  14. Nelle stanze della cultura di massa. La ‘Neue Frau’ Vicki Baum tra memoria, assimilazione ed emancipazione

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    Chiara Buglioni

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Following a brief introduction to the existing research on Vicki Baum (1888-1960 and her work, this study examines the importance of assimilation, identity, and self-discovery both in the author’s biography and in her narrative. The analysis of Menschen im Hotel (1929 and Hotel Berlin (1943/44 collocates the fictional conflicts between modernizing inputs and traditional settings, between self-deception and ethical responsibility within the wider field of Baum’s experience as an assimilated Jew first in the Weimar Republic and then, after the so-called voluntary exile, in the U.S. Even though the writer herself was not willing to stress her Jewishness, this article contends that Vicki Baum’s Jewish background and her ability to absorb every cultural ambience are crucial for the understanding of her texts.

  15. 12th DESY Workshop on Elementary Particle Physics: Loops and Legs in Quantum Field Theory

    CERN Document Server

    LL2014

    2014-01-01

    The bi-annual international conference “Loops and Legs in Quantum Field Theory” has been held at Weimar, Germany, from April 27 to May 02, 2014. It has been the 12th conference of this series, started in 1992. The main focus of the conference are precision calculations of multi- loop and multi-leg processes in elementary particle physics for processes at present and future high-energy facilities within and beyond the Standard Model. At present many physics questions studied deal with processes at the LHC and future facilities like the ILC. A growing number of contributions deals with important developments in the field of computational technologies and algorithmic methods, including large-scale computer algebra, efficient methods to compute large numbers of Feynman diagrams, analytic summation and integration methods of various kinds, new related function spaces, precise numerical methods and Monte Carlo simulations. The present conference has been attended by more than 110 participants from all over the ...

  16. Nackter Amor - grimmige Fama. Sellbststilisierung und freie Sexualität in den "Römischen Elegien" Goethes

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    Helmut Galle

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available Pode-se entender o conjunto completo de 24 poemas pertencentes ao ciclo das "Elegias Romanas" como uma tentativa de Goethe de conseguir uma reabilitação do sexual, legitimida pelo gênero da poesia amorosa romana. Ao mesmo tempo esse projeto poético serve para obter a aceitação pública à sua nova forma de vida, o matrimônio não legalizado com Christiane Vulpius, considerado imoral pela maioria das pessoas em Weimar. O ciclo original de 24 poemas mostra mais claramente as intenções e o pensamento do autor que as 20 elegias que ele publicou depois, mas até essa versão censurada permitiu a transformação da imagem pública do poeta.

  17. Uno spazio tutto per sé. La poetica degli «Ingolstädter Stücke» dal punto di vista di Marieluise Fleißer

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    Chiara Maria Buglioni

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Although the Fleißer-Forschung has always emphasized the link between Marieluise Fleißer and the strong personalities she worked with in the Weimar period, little attention has been paid to her active role as a playwright. This paper aims to demonstrate the original value of Fleißer’s artistic project by adopting Pierre Bourdieu’s theory of cultural production. The analysis of Fleißer’s “position-takings” in the Ingolstädter Stücke unravels the personal viewpoint from which her aesthetic choices are defined, as well as the “differential signification” of her poetics within the literary field.

  18. Challenges in Second-Generation Wireless Mesh Networks

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    Pescapé Antonio

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Wireless mesh networks have the potential to provide ubiquitous high-speed Internet access at low costs. The good news is that initial deployments of WiFi meshes show the feasibility of providing ubiquitous Internet connectivity. However, their performance is far below the necessary and achievable limit. Moreover, users' subscription in the existing meshes is dismal even though the technical challenges to get connectivity are low. This paper provides an overview of the current status of mesh networks' deployment, and highlights the technical, economical, and social challenges that need to be addressed in the next years. As a proof-of-principle study, we discuss the above-mentioned challenges with reference to three real networks: (i MagNets, an operator-driven planned two-tier mesh network; (ii Berlin Freifunk network as a pure community-driven single-tier network; (iii Weimar Freifunk network, also a community-driven but two-tier network.

  19. UFA Orientalism. The “Orient” in Early German Film: Lubitsch and May

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    Frank F. Scherer

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Fantastic images of the exotic pervade many early German films which resort to constructions of “Oriental” scenes. Stereotypical representations of China, India, Babylon, and Egypt  dominate the Kino-screens of Weimar Germany. These films were produced in the UFA studios outside Berlin by directors such as Ernst Lubitsch (Sumurum/ One Arabian Night, 1920; Das Weib des Pharaos/The Love of Pharaoas 1922 and John May (Das Indische Grabmal/ The Indian Tomb, 1921. Yet, where recent observers resist the use of a postcolonial perspective it becomes difficult to assess the cinematographic exoticism of post-WWI Germany.This essay, therefore, offers both a discussion of Edward Said’s ‘Orientalism’and a psychoanalytical thesis on the concealment and supposed healing of post-1918 Germany’s national narcissistic wounds by  emphasizing Eurocentric difference in its filmic representations of the Orient.

  20. ["The incomparable Doctor Arthur Ludwig". A biographical sketch].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Von Minden, Stephan

    2016-01-01

    In two separate papers, two participants of the Weimar congress are identified on the famous congress photo for the first time. --Stephan von Minden provides a pioneering biographical sketch of the Munich neurologist A. Ludwig. Co-founder of the Munich IPA branch in 1911, and friend of the poet Else Lasker-Schüler and the educational reformer Paul Geheeb, Ludwig played a certain role in cultural history as a member of the "Munich bohemian scene" and head of a "medical family resort". --Reinhard Lampe highlights the life and work of psychiatrist E. Rehm, also a founding member of the Munich IPA branch. He directed a private sanatorium and exerted a considerable influence on medical politics in Munich for many years. An ardent National Socialist, Rehm sold his sanatorium to the Nazis in 1941.

  1. Hostile environmental intellectuals? Critiques and counter-critiques of science and technology in West Germany after 1945.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beyler, Richard H

    2008-12-01

    Paul Forman, in his work on physics in Weimar Germany, advanced the thesis that an irrationalist current within German intellectual history was then suddenly exacerbated in a context of defeat and political crisis. After World War II, Germany's situation was if any thing even more catastrophic; nevertheless, a comparable climate of irrationalism arose only in a limited way. The collapse of National Socialism was, in effect, sufficiently explicable on rational grounds to resort to a philosophical fatalism. F. G. Jünger, as a possible exception, put forward a theory of autonomous, demonic technology as an explanation; many cultural critics of the time, however, found these views unrealistic and favored an integration of technical and humanistic approaches. Moreover, even a new wave of (sometimes apocalyptic) literature of environmental crisis focused on specific scientifically analyses rather than a diffuse cultural pessimism.

  2. The fin de siècle thesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Staley, Richard

    2008-12-01

    This paper examines the relations between John Heilbron's argument that fin de siècle physicists adjusted the image and substance of their discipline to cultural concerns, and Paul Forman's approach to acau-sality in the Weimar period. In addition to their focus on representation rather than truth, adherents of the "descriptionist" epistemologies that Heilbron identified also promoted an emphasis on method, statistical rather than causal explanations, historical understandings of epistemology, and stressed the relations between physics and other disciplines. Their views provide an intellectual context--within the physics discipline--for at least some part of what Forman had described as a capitulation to the hostile social environment expressed in Oswald Spengler's Der Untergang des Abendlandes.

  3. Science.gov (United States)

    Schweber, Silvan S.

    2014-06-01

    Some facets of the life of Hans Bethe after World War II are presented to illustrate how Paul Forman's works, and in particular his various theses—on mathematics and physics in Wilhelmine and Weimar Germany, on physics in the immediate post-World War II period, and on postmodernity—have influenced my biography of Bethe. Some aspects of the history of post-World War II quantum field theory, of solid state/condensed matter physics, and of the development of neoliberalism—the commitment to the belief that the market knows best, to free trade, to enhanced privatization, and to a drastic reduction of the government's role in regulating the economy—are reviewed in order to make some observations regarding certain "top-down" views in solid state physics in postmodernity, the economic and cultural condition of many Western societies since the 1980s, the decade in which many historians assume modernity to have ended.

  4. El “Manifiesto Verde” de Leberecht Migge

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    Isabel de Cárdenas

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Migge fue uno de los arquitectos paisajistas más influyentes de la Alemania de la República de Weimar y uno de los primeros en utilizar el adjetivo “verde” con intenciones políticas. Sus ideas revolucionarias chocaron con el pragmatismo de las posturas más moderadas. El Manifiesto Verde arremete contra la ciudad del XIX, contra la cultura burguesa e industrial y contra la avaricia con que esa ciudad había sido concebida. Su seudónimo, Espartaco Verde, le alineó en un primer momento con las ideologías espartaquistas tras la derrota de la guerra

  5. The religious foundations of Bildung as an epitome of German education and its fundamental anti-western recipe

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    Daniel TRÖHLER

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available This article examines how during the Weimar Republic (1919- 1933, Lutheran thinking enabled the incorporation of education as an university discipline, intellectually organized around the notion of Bildung excluding practical aspects. In order to provide a background the article deals with the period between 1890 and 1925. First, the article examined how toward the end of the nineteenth century, Germany’s economic, territorial, and military growth, was not favoured by its intelligentsia which held a dualistic philosophy. Secondly, the paper discusses the cultural and institutional background of this philosophy in which the theory of Bildung arose and grew. Thirdly, the paper reconstructs how educational sciences, based on the ideology of Bildung became an academic discipline, during the Great War and explains how Persönlichkeit and Bildung became dominant battle cries against the West and the empirical sciences. Finally, the paper examines how advocates of Bildung tried to keep its viability.

  6. Stefanie Freyer, Katrin Horn, Nicole Grochowina (Hg.: FrauenGestalten Weimar–Jena um 1800. Heidelberg: Universitätsverlag Winter 2009. — Julia Di Bartolo: Selbstbestimmtes Leben um 1800. Heidelberg: Universitätsverlag Winter 2008.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliane Jacobi

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Im bio-bibliographischen Lexikon finden sich die Biographien von 43 bürgerlichen und 51 adeligen Frauen, die zwischen 1770 und 1830 in der Residenzstadt Weimar und in der Universitätsstadt Jena gelebt oder gewirkt haben und in die gesellschaftlichen Kreise eingebunden waren. Deutlich werden die Mannigfaltigkeit und Gestaltungskraft weiblicher Tätigkeit in dieser Zeit. Die theoretische Konstruktion der Handlungsräume von Frauen, die von den Herausgeberinnen des äußerst nützlichen Lexikons ebenso wie von der Verfasserin der Monographie über drei Schriftstellerinnen um 1800 bemüht wird, überzeugt nur begrenzt, da das Nachschlagewerk seine neuen Erkenntnisse nicht diesem Konzept, sondern den gründlichen Recherchen in Archiven und nach bereits vorhandener Literatur verdankt, die zweite Untersuchung hingegen insgesamt wenig Neues über ihre Protagonistinnen vorträgt.The bio-bibliographic lexicon contains the biographies of 43 bourgeois and 51 noble women who lived or functioned in the royal seat of Weimar and the university city of Jena and who were involved in the relevant social circles. The diversity and creative power of female activities during this time becomes apparent. The theoretical construction of women’s domains, which is the intention of the editors of this extremely useful lexicon as well as the author of the monograph on three female writers around 1800, is only partially convincing: the reference work cannot contribute its new insights to this concept, but instead to thorough research in archives and on already available literature. On the other hand, the second study offers little new insight into its protagonists.

  7. [Friedrich Mauz: T4 assessor and military psychiatrist].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silberzahn-Jandt, G; Schmuhl, H-W

    2012-03-01

    Friedrich Mauz is one of the medical perpetrators of the second tier whose biography is difficult to comprehend. Autobiographies from three different political systems exist - Weimar Republic, the Third Reich, and postwar Germany in which he constantly reinvented himself. While after 1933 he suddenly emphasized his participation in the civil war turmoil during the early period of the Weimar Republic and his patriotism, he then depicted himself after 1945 as an apolitical person characterized by Württemberg pietism who inwardly rejected the Nazi State but had found himself prepared to accept "all sorts of humiliating concessions." He claimed that he had always remained true to his scientific code of conduct and had distanced himself from psychiatric genetics. In point of fact, Mauz was among those exonerated in the denazification trial in 1946 and was able to pursue his career in the Federal Republic of Germany. However, if the sources are read against the grain, a different picture emerges. Mauz's career stalled in the 1930s, not because he had been politically offensive, but because his scientific work was flimsy and considered lacking originality, particularly since he had chosen constitution research and psychotherapy as his main fields of interest, which were overshadowed by research in genetic psychiatry in the 1930s. Mauz tendered his services to the Nazi policy of genetic health, served as a medical assessor in proceedings based on the "Law for the Prevention of Genetically Diseased Offspring," permitted himself to be recruited for the T4 program as a medical expert, even participated in the deliberations on a future "Law on Euthanasia," and as a consulting psychiatrist for the German Armed Forces contributed to military medicine.

  8. Erst akzeptiert, dann abgedrängt. Frauen in den Wissenschaften in der ersten Hälfte des 20. Jahrhunderts First Accepted, Then Rejected: Women in the Sciences in the First Half of the 20th Century

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    Claudia von Gélieu

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available „Von den Ausnahmen zu den Außenseiterinnen“ lautet die Bilanz von Annette Vogt für die ersten fünfzig Jahre, in denen die deutschen Universitäten auch für Frauen ihre Tore geöffnet hatten. Frauen in den Wissenschaften waren in der Weimarer Republik fast schon selbstverständlich, als der Nationalsozialismus zu gravierenden Rückschlägen führte. Damit einher ging die Verschiebung des universitären Betätigungsfeldes der Frauen von den Natur- zu den Geisteswissenschaften. Noch lange nach 1945 waren die Folgen dieser Entwicklung zu spüren. Zu diesen Ergebnissen kommt Vogt durch die vergleichende Analyse der Werdegänge von mehreren hundert Wissenschaftlerinnen an der Berliner Universität und der außeruniversitären Kaiser-Wilhelm-Gesellschaft in der ersten Hälfte des 20. Jahrhunderts.“From the exception to the marginalized": Thus reads Annette Vogt’s summary for the first fifty years in which German universities opened their doors to women. During the Weimar Republic the existence of women in the sciences went almost without saying, until National Socialism led to grave setbacks. Along with this came the displacement of women working in the university from the area of the natural sciences to that of the humanities. The consequences of this development were felt long after 1945. Vogt comes to these conclusions through a comparative analysis of the career development of hundreds of female scientists at Berlin universities and at the Kaiser-Wilhelm-Society in the first half of the 20th century”.

  9. A new cement-mortar lining for district heating networks; Untersuchungen mit einer neuartigen Zementmoertelauskleidung. Sanierung von Fernwaermetrassen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Berger, W.; Krausewald, J. [Forschungsinstitut fuer Tief- und Rohrleitungsbau Weimar e.V. (Germany)

    2002-09-01

    For more than three decades cement-mortar linings have been successfully applied for the rehabilitation of cold medium pipelines, water pipelines in particular. Besides of the passive and active protection against corrosion, the reestablishment of the outer and interior load capacity of the pipe, the wall thickness of which had been weakened for instance by the pitting corrosion, is an essential argument for the application of this rehabilitation method. For warm medium pipelines, such as district heating pipeline routes, until recently suitable lining materials have not been available, which during the varying operating conditions are capable of taking up the thermic load without admitting any damages impeding its functioning. For this reason on behalf of MC-Bauchemie Mueller GmbH and Co. investigations into a newly developed coating on the inside for district heating pipeline routes, with the name Konusit-MFL, have been carried out under extreme temperature load reversals by the Research Institute of Underground Civil Engineering and Pipeline Construction Weimar (FITR). The pipes to be tested, equipped with the new coating on the inside, were supplied to the FITR test field by E. Heitkamp Rohrbau GmbH. (orig.) [German] Seit mehr als drei Jahrzehnten wird die Zementmoertelauskleidung bei der Sanierung kaltgehender Rohrleitungen mit Erfolg angewendet. Fuer warmgehende Leitungen fehlten bis vor kurzem geeignete Beschichtungsmaterialien, die den thermischen Beanspruchungen waehrend der Betriebszutaende standhalten. Vor diesem Hintergrund hat das Forschungsinstitut fuer Tief- und Rohrleitungsbau Weimar e.V. (FTIR) im Auftrag der MC-Bauchemie Mueller GmbH and Co. Untersuchungen mit einer neu entwickelten Innenbeschichtung fuer Fernwaermetrassen (Konusit-MFL) unter extremen Temperaturlastwechseln durchgefuehrt. (orig.)

  10. The ‘Brutalization’ Thesis (George L. Mosse and its Critics: A Historiographical Debate | La tesis de la brutalización (George L. Mosse y sus críticos: un debate historiográfico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ángel Alcalde

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This article explores the widespread international debate in modern historiography maintained around the “brutalization” thesis, which was popularized in George L. Mosse’s book Fallen Soldiers (1990. According to Mosse, the war experience of the front soldiers during World War I was the cause of the heightened levels of political violence during the Weimar Republic. Such brutalization allegedly provided the basis for Nazism and the Genocide. In an attempt to clarify the origins of Mosse’s interpretation this work analyses criticism, reformulations and uses of “brutalization”. In spite of the fact that the heated debate reached no consensus, it eventually managed to establish a revealing –though vague and scarcely open to analytical potential notion in the professional language of historians. | Este artículo explora el amplio debate internacional mantenido por historiadores contemporaneístas en torno a la tesis de la “brutalización”, popularizada por George L. Mosse a partir de su libro Soldados caídos (1990, y según la cual la experiencia de guerra de los soldados del frente en la Primera Guerra Mundial habría sido la causa de los altos niveles de violencia política de la República de Weimar y, por ende, el origen del nacionalsocialismo y el genocidio. El artículo clarifica las raíces de la interpretación mosseana, analiza las críticas, reformulaciones y usos de la “brutalización” y concluye que el fuerte debate mantenido, a pesar de no alcanzar consenso, terminó por consagrar una noción sugerente, aunque obscura y de cuestionable capacidad analítica, en el lenguaje profesional de los historiadores.

  11. [The Changing Value of Mother's Milk. Feeding Premature and Sick Newborns Since the Late 19th Century].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sunder-Plaßmann, A

    2016-12-01

    In the 1960s/early 70s there was a widespread conviction in West Germany that mother's milk was no longer essential even for premature infants given the availability of improved industrial milk products. But today the superiority of human milk is again undisputed, and progress in neonatology has created a growing target group of extremely premature infants who show clear benefits from being fed with human milk, particularly regarding improved outcomes. Currently there is a revival of donor milk banks (FMB). Globally there are around 500, 15 in Germany. Until the 1960s, mother's milk was the preferred means of German pediatricians to counter infant mortality. During the German Empire and the Weimar Republic doctors widely recommended nursing and engaged wet nurses to meet the demand for human milk and the first donor milk banks were set up; during the Nazi regime there were dozens. The GDR continued using donor milk, while FRG milk banks were shut down in the 70s. The history of milk banks has been shaped not only by science, but also by culture, politics and economics. In the German Empire and the Weimar Republic, social, national and eugenic considerations became intertwined in the struggle against infant mortality. In Nazi Germany human milk was used to strengthen the "German Volksgemeinschaft" ("community of the German people"), particularly individuals who were considered as "erbgesund" ("hereditarily healthy"). Massive advertising of the baby food industry in the West and public debate about pollutants and HIV/AIDS increased doubts about the advantages of natural feeding. In East Germany the planned economy, state health system and censored media significantly contributed to the survival of milk banks. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  12. New stopper system for district heating pipes; Absperrblasen: Neuartiges Absperrsystem fuer Fernwaermetrassen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Berger, W.; Sperling, E. [Forschungsinstitut fuer Tief- und Rohrleitungsbau, Weimar (Germany)

    2003-03-01

    Repairs to district heating pipes, such as the replacement of faulty gate valves, entail taking the area affected and the following sections of the pipe out of service. Whole urban areas may be cut off from their hot water supply because of such measures. The short-term shutdown of district heating pipes, draining, disposing of and reprocessing the heating water involves high costs. A new isolation system has been developed by the Weimar-based Excavation and Pipelaying Research Institute (Forschungsinstitut fuer Tief- und Rohrleitungsbau Weimar e.V.) in conjunction with Huetz and Baumgarten GmbH and Co. KG., Remscheid, by using an established gas supply system for a new application. The fundamental suitability of a new inflatable MDS stopper by Kleiss and Co. BV, Zwijndrecht/Netherlands for use in district heating was tested. Several inflatable MDS stoppers with diameters of DN 200 and DN 400 were used. Their surface coatings and the connection between the filling hose and the envelope differed. Medium temperatures were 60 C and 90 C and pipe pressures from 0.5 to 2.4 bar. The series of tests revealed that the inflatable stoppers could withstand high temperature and pressure loads if modified appropriately. The resistance of the surface of the inflatable stopper to abrasion was enhanced by applying an additional PU coating. This also had a positive effect of the heat resistance of the basic material. However, the results only apply to single use of the inflatable stoppers. Multiple use may lead to failures. (orig.) [German] Bei Reparatur- und Einbindearbeiten an Fermwaermeleitungen, wie dem Auswechseln von defekten Schiebern, muessen der betroffene Bereich und die folgenden Trassenabschnitte ausser Betrieb genommen werden. Dies verursacht hohe Kosten. Neue Absperrblasen wurden auf ihre Eignung fuer die Verwendung in Fernwaermetrassen untersucht, um Reparaturzeiten und Kosten zu verringern. (orig.)

  13. Antes, desde y para el exilio. Herencia de esta época (1935/1962 de Ernst Bloch

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salmerón Infante, Miguel

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available The first edition of Erbschaft dieser Zeit was published in Zurich in 1935, during Ernst Bloch’s five-year period of emigration from Nazi-Germany in various European capitals before his final emigration to America for ten years in 1938. In this book Bloch made a courageous stand in defence of the artistic avant-garde against the dogmatic advocates of socialist realism. His particularly adversary was Georg Lukács. But of course one of the most fascinating aspects of the book is that is also reads as a contemporary observation of the rise of the Nazis. Erbschaft is undoubtedly the major work of Weimar Germany Exile.La primera edición de Erbschaft dieser Zeit fue publicada en 1935 en Zurich, durante la emigración de Ernst Bloch de la Alemania nazi por un período de cinco años en el que residió en varias capitales europeas antes de su marcha definitiva a América en 1938, donde vivió diez años. En este libro Bloch hace una encorajinada defensa de la vanguardia artística contra los abogados del realismo socialista. Su adversario específico era Georg Lukács. Pero sin duda alguna uno de los aspectos más fascinantes de este libro es que puede leerse como una observación contemporánea de la ascensión al poder de los nazis. Erbschaft es indudablemente la obra clave del exilio de la Alemania de Weimar.

  14. Do essencialismo ao não essencialismo? reflexões sobre a identidade cultural do MST From essentialism to non essentialism? reflections about cultural identity of MST

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fábio Souza da Cruz

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available O trabalho apresenta um estudo envolvendo um movimento social, o MST (Movimento dos Trabalhadores Rurais Sem-Terra, e as noções de identidade cultural. A investigação desenvolve um breve exercício de contextualização do movimento através de sua história, seu relacionamento com o poder e sua estrutura nos dias atuais. Com relação aos marcos teórico-metodológicos, a pesquisa adota os pressupostos de Kathryn Woodward (2000, Stuart Hall (2002 e Zygmunt Bauman (2005 e os discursos dos integrantes do movimento retirados do estudo de recepção realizado por Cruz (2006. Como discussão central, pretende-se analisar os desafios do MST em tempos de globalização.The work presents a study involving a social movement, the MST (Portuguese acronym for Movement of the Agricultural Landless Workers, and the slight knowledge of cultural identity. The inquiry develops a brief exercise combining the meaning of the movement through its history, its relationship with the power and its structure in the current days. In regard to theoretical-methodological landmarks, the research adopts pressupositions of Kathryn Woodward (2000, Stuart Hall (2002 e Zygmunt Bauman (2005 and speeches of people from the movement, taken from Cruz' study of reception (2006. As central quarrel, it is intended to analyze the challenges of the MST in globalization times.

  15. A emergência da responsabilidade criminal individual no Sistema Interamericano de Direitos Humanos

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    Raquel da Cruz Lima

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo analisa a emergência e difusão da regra da responsabilidade criminal individual por violações de direitos humanos a partir da jurisprudência contenciosa da Corte Interamericana de Direitos Humanos. Tendo como referência as pesquisas de Kathryn Sikkink sobre justiça de transição, procura-se identificar a maneira como o Sistema Interamericano de Direitos Humanos vem expandindo o sentido da responsabilidade criminal individual e também sugerir a incompatibilidade com a proteção dos direitos humanos que esse novo modelo pode ter.This paper analyzes the emergence and diffusion of the norm of individual criminal accountability for human rights violations from the perspective of the contentious jurisprudence of the Inter-American Human Rights Court. Taking as reference the research of Kathryn Sikkink on transitional justice, this paper seeks to identify how the Inter-American Human Rights System has been expanding the meaning of individual criminal accountability and also suggests the incompatibility with the protection of human rights that this new model may have.

  16. Il primato della libertà politica

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    Brunella Casalini

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Casalini ripercorre Politics out of History di Wendy Brown soffermandosi in particolare sul dialogo che Brown intrattiene con il pensiero di Marx, Nietzsche e Freud. L’accento posto sul nesso tra libertà individuale e libertà politica e sulla distinzione tra “moralismo” e “moralità” apre alla problematizzazione del nodo teoria-politica. Alla luce della crisi contemporanea della sinistra americana il ruolo del teorico è quindi quello di introdurre tratti di discontinuità in quel discorso di senso comune che la politica tende invece a cristallizzare. In conclusione, secondo Brown, questo scarto deve essere recepito anche dai Women Studies che, restando ancorati a identità statiche, rischiano di non riuscire a svolgere una necessaria «funzione omeopatica» all’interno dei regimi democratici.

  17. LEY 581 DE 2000, O LEY DE CUOTAS, ¿GANAMOS O PERDIMOS?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia Ramírez Bustamante

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Este ensayo presenta dos momentos de lucha de las mujeres por los derechos a la igualdad laboral, y la igualdad en el acceso a las oportunidades de trabajo. El primero de ellos, la lucha librada por las trabajadoras de Bello en 1920; el segundo, la lucha por la adopción como ley y posterior aplicación, de la ley 581 de 2000 o ley de cuotas. Aunque la lucha femenina y feminista2 ha estado encaminada a la consecución de una serie de derechos y garantías, tal vez sea el momento de replantear el camino, es decir, diversificar las metas de los movimientos de mujeres para que los fines no estén constituidos únicamente por la consagración legal de los derechos reclamados. En este orden, la crítica de los derechos de Wendy Brown resulta sugestiva

  18. Golden Jubilee photos: Mobilization for the 50th anniversary

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    CERN people mobilize for the 50th anniversary of CERN. About 50 people are involved in teams, to organise the programme, ranging from the day of festivities and design of «souvenir» objects to special edition publications. On 20 January in Divonne-Les-Bains, the main co-ordinators gathered for the project launch meeting. Present at the meeting: Lorenza Accusani (Sponsoring), Jean-Luc Baldy (Globe of Innovation), Elena Battistin (Open Day), Maurizio Bona (Steering Commitee, General Security), Jean-Luc Caron (Webmaster), Paola Catapano (Project Leader), Bernard Denis (Meeting Moderator), Claude Ducastel (Site Security), Friedemann Eder (Host State Relations), Chris Fabjan (Steering Commitee), Federico Ferrini (Events in the Member States), Adolfo Fucci (Events in the Host States), Chris Griggs (Security), Wendy Korda (Official Day, 19 October), Danièle Lajust (Events in Host States), Rolf Landua (Steering Commitee), Annick Lyraud (Director General's Assistant), Robert Magnin (Technical Co-ordinator), Rafael...

  19. Politics out of the History of Politics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana Sartori

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Wendy Brown’s approach in Politics out of History is characterized by an attempt to analyze the presence of the past which can be read not only under the light of Nietzsche’s legacy, but also through a comparison with Hannah Arendt’s conception of the gap between the past and the future. Like Arendt, Brown aims to look at the present as the site of politics and freedom, even though the former conceives the break with tradition as the unavoidable starting point, while the latter assumes that that break is not fully accomplished because it was not recognized. Rather, it produces Wounded Attachments whose effect is that of limiting the possibility of left criticism. Moving from this parallel, Brown’s analysis is compared to the Italian philosophy of sexual difference, stressing their common interest in thinking freedom beyond a female identity built on a presumed common oppression.

  20. STS-114 Flight Day 4 Highlights

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-01-01

    Video coverage of Day 4 continues the Return to Flight mission of STS-114. The crew of Space Shuttle Discovery (Commander Eileen Collins, Pilot James Kelly, Mission Specialists Soichi Noguchi, Stephen Robinson, Andrew Thomas, Wendy Lawrence, and Charles Camarda) and the Expedition 11 crew (Commander Sergei Krikalev and NASA ISS Science Officer and Flight Engineer John Phillips) of the International Space Station (ISS) cooperated on several activities. These were the installation of the Raffaello Multipurpose Logistics Module onto the Common Bearthing Mechanism of the Unity module of the ISS by the Space Station Remote Manipulator System, an interview of Collins and Thomas, primarily focusing on foam shedding and shuttle safety, and use of the Orbiter Boom Sensor System by the Shuttle Remote Manipulator System to follow up on ground-based inspection of the thermal protection beneath Discovery.

  1. STS-114 Flight Day 7 Highlights

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-01-01

    The main event of Day 7 is an extravehicular activity (EVA) to remove a failed Control Moment Gyroscope (CMG) from the Z1 Truss of the International Space Station (ISS) (Commander Sergei Krikalev and NASA ISS Science Officer and Flight Engineer John Phillips), and install a replacement stored in the payload of Space Shuttle Discovery (Commander Eileen Collins, Pilot James Kelly, Mission Specialists Soichi Noguchi, Stephen Robinson, Andrew Thomas, Wendy Lawrence, and Charles Camarda). Discovery astronauts Noguchi and Robinson are assisted in suit-up by their fellow crew members, Noguchi is carried by the Space Station Remote Manipulator System between Discovery's payload bay and the Z1 truss in order to exchange the gyroscopes with help from the pistol grip tool. Mission Control speaks to him during the EVA in order to troubleshoot the power and data connectors for new CMG. When back in the open payload bay, Noguchi and Robinson pose for pictures of each other and the Earth.

  2. STS-114 Flight Day 8 Highlights

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-01-01

    The major activities of Day 8 for the STS-114 crew of the Space Shuttle Discovery (Commander Eileen Collins, Pilot James Kelly, Mission Specialists Soichi Noguchi, Stephen Robinson, Andrew Thomas, Wendy Lawrence, and Charles Camarda) and the Expedition 11 crew of the International Space Station (ISS) (Commander Sergei Krikalev and NASA ISS Science Officer and Flight Engineer John Phillips) are a press conference and a conversation with President Bush. The two crews are interviewed by American, Japanese, and Russian media. Discovery crew members on the shuttle's mid-deck review paperwork regarding the impending extravehicular activity (EVA) to remove gap fillers from underneath the orbiter, and the Space Station Remote Manipulator System grapples the External Stowage Platform-2 in the Shuttle's payload bay. Finally, Mission control grants the shuttle crew some time off.

  3. Competition in the chemostat: convergence of a model with delayed response in growth

    CERN Document Server

    Yuan San Ling; Ma Zhie

    2003-01-01

    The asymptotic behavior of solutions of a model for competition between n microorganisms in the chemostat is studied. The model incorporates time delays that allow for cellular components of each competing species to be structured to include unassimilated or nutrient and allow uptake functions to be nonmonotone. By using fluctuation lemma, it is shown that at most one competitor survives, and the substrate and the surviving competitor (if exists), approach limiting values. Our results indicate this kind delays do not influence the competitive outcome except for a critical case. Thus there is a competitive exclusion. The main results of Ellermeyer [SIAM J. Appl. Math. 54 (1994) 456] and Wendi and Zhien [J. Syst. Sci. Math. Sci. 12 (1999) 23] are improved on and extended and the mistakes in the main results in [Chaos, Solitons and Fractals 13 (2002) 787] are corrected.

  4. A SMS-like language analyzer for Spanish

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    Jose Maria Gomez Hidalgo

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The usage of specific language codes and chat and SMS-like messages is a major trend in electronic communications. This fact makes Natrual Language Processing quite hard, even at the simplest step fo text message tokenization, due to the widespread usage of non-alphanumeric symbols, frequent typos and non-standard word separators. In this work we present a new approach for text message tokenization, specific for the Spanish language as used in Social Networks and in electronic communications. Our system has been integrated in a more general application for age-detection in Social Networks developed in the research and development project WENDY, and it has been quantitatively evaluated both in a direct fashion, and indirectly by its impact on the genearl age-detection application, showing very promising results.

  5. The development of abstract syntax: evidence from structural priming and the lexical boost.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rowland, Caroline F; Chang, Franklin; Ambridge, Ben; Pine, Julian M; Lieven, Elena V M

    2012-10-01

    Structural priming paradigms have been influential in shaping theories of adult sentence processing and theories of syntactic development. However, until recently there have been few attempts to provide an integrated account that explains both adult and developmental data. The aim of the present paper was to begin the process of integration by taking a developmental approach to structural priming. Using a dialog comprehension-to-production paradigm, we primed participants (3-4year olds, 5-6year olds and adults) with double object datives (Wendy gave Bob a dog) and prepositional datives (Wendy gave a dog to Bob). Half the participants heard the same verb in prime and target (e.g. gave-gave) and half heard a different verb (e.g. sent-gave). The results revealed substantial differences in the magnitude of priming across development. First, there was a small but significant abstract structural priming effect across all age groups, but this effect was larger in younger children than in older children and adults. Second, adding verb overlap between prime and target prompted a large, significant increase in the priming effect in adults (a lexical boost), a small, marginally significant increase in the older children and no increase in the youngest children. The results support the idea that abstract syntactic knowledge can develop independently of verb-specific frames. They also support the idea that different mechanisms may be needed to explain abstract structural priming and lexical priming, as predicted by the implicit learning account (Bock, K., & Griffin, Z. M. (2000). The persistence of structural priming: Transient activation or implicit learning? Journal of Experimental Psychology - General, 129(2), 177-192). Finally, the results illustrate the value of an integrative developmental approach to both theories of adult sentence processing and theories of syntax acquisition. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  6. Enquêter sur la « diversité » à Berlin. Le cas de l’inspecteur Bobkowski

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    Barbara Thériault

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Comment traiter de diversité dans une organisation qui est réputée y être hostile ? Se réglant sur une démarche wébérienne, je présente dans cet article un cas, celui du commissaire Klaus Bobkowski, un enseignant responsable de la section « éducation politique » à l’Académie de police de Berlin et historien amateur. En considérant ce cas, ainsi que d’autres efforts pour composer avec la différence sous la République de Weimar (1918-1933 que j’ai enregistrés durant mon travail de terrain, je tente de faire saillir les motifs qui sous-tendent l’action des commissaires ayant contribué à la reconnaissance et à la promotion de la différence au sein des services policiers en Allemagne depuis les années 1990. En enquêtant sur ces motifs d’action, je suis en mesure de construire un idéaltype d’un « porteur de la diversité », qu’on peut lier, comme je le soutiens, à un programme libéral d’égalité civique.Investigate the “diversity” in Berlin. The case of the Inspector BobkowskiHow can one consider diversity in an organisation having a reputation for being against it? Following a weberian perspective, I present in this article such a case, that of Inspector Bobkowski, a teacher in charge of the “political education” section of the “Police Academy” of Berlin and amateur historian. In considering this case, along with other efforts to take differences into account during the Weimar Republic (1918-1933 that I recorded during my field work, I attempt to bring out the motifs which underline those actions of the police inspectors that contributed to the recognition and to the promotion of difference within the police services in Germany since the 1990s. By investigating these motifs of action, I am able to construct an ideal type of a “diversity messenger” that one can link, as I argue, to a liberal program of civic equality.Hacer encuestas en Berlín sobre la «diversidad». El caso del

  7. Adjunctive therapy in Parkinson's disease: the role of rasagiline

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gaines KD

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Kathryn D Gaines,1 Vanessa K Hinson21Department of Neurology, Aurora Advanced Healthcare, Milwaukee, WI, 2Department of Neurosciences, Movement Disorders Program, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, USAAbstract: Parkinson's disease is the second most common neurodegenerative disorder, currently affecting 1.5 million people in the US. In this review, we describe the diagnostic and pathological features of Parkinson's disease, as well as its clinical course. We then review pharmacologic treatments for the disease, with a particular focus on therapies adjunctive to levodopa and specifically the role of rasagiline. We review the four pivotal rasagiline trials, and discuss rasagiline and its use as adjunctive therapy for Parkinson's disease. Finally, we discuss potential side effects, drug interactions, and other practical aspects concerning the use of rasagiline in Parkinson's disease.Keywords: Parkinson's disease, treatment, rasagiline, clinical trials

  8. Reviews of recent publications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    1994-01-01

    Full Text Available Paisley Livingston. Models of Desire: René Girard and the Psychology of Mimesis by Andrew J. McKenna Andrew J. McKenna. Violence and Difference: Girard, Derrida, and Deconstruction by Servanne Woodward James F. Murphy. The Proletarian Moment: The Controversy over Leftism in Literature by Jack Marmorstein Chris Bongie. Exotic Memories: Literature, Colonialism, and the Fin de Siecle by Annelise Riles Luce Irigaray. Marine Lover of Friedrich Nietzsche . Trans. Gillian C. Gill by Marianne Bosshard Christie McDonald. The Proustian Fabric: Associations of Memory by Rebecca Karoff Kathryn Hume. Calvino 's Fictions. Cogito and Cosmos by Gian-Paolo Biasin Peter Baker. Obdurate Brilliance: Exteriority and the Modern Long Poem by Steven Winspur

  9. Modeling human influenza infection in the laboratory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radigan KA

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Kathryn A Radigan,1 Alexander V Misharin,2 Monica Chi,1 GR Scott Budinger11Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, 2Division of Rheumatology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL, USAAbstract: Influenza is the leading cause of death from an infectious cause. Because of its clinical importance, many investigators use animal models to understand the biologic mechanisms of influenza A virus replication, the immune response to the virus, and the efficacy of novel therapies. This review will focus on the biosafety, biosecurity, and ethical concerns that must be considered in pursuing influenza research, in addition to focusing on the two animal models – mice and ferrets – most frequently used by researchers as models of human influenza infection.Keywords: mice, ferret, influenza, animal model, biosafety

  10. How gender disparities drive imbalances in health care leadership

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hoss MAK

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Mary Ann Keogh Hoss1, Paula Bobrowski2, Kathryn J McDonagh3, Nancy M Paris41Health Services Administration, Eastern Washington University, College of Business and Public Administration, Spokane, WA, USA; 2College of Liberal Arts, Auburn University, Auburn, AL, USA; 3Executive Relations, Hospira Inc, Lake Forest, IL, USA; 4Georgia Center for Oncology Research and Education, Atlanta, GA, USAAbstract: Low female representation in US hospital chief executive officer positions has persisted for decades. This article addresses gender disparity in professional development, the rationale for gender differences, and practical strategies to address this imbalance. The health care workforce consists of 75% women, but according to two recent surveys, ie, a state survey and a survey of the top 100 US hospitals, women hold only about 12% of chief executive officer positions in US hospitals. Significant and dedicated efforts by both individuals and organizations are necessary to rectify this imbalance.Keywords: gender, imbalance, leadership, United States, hospitals

  11. Mapping Medievalism: An Indigenous Political Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanessa Dion Fletcher

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Review of Kathryn Brush (ed., Mapping Medievalism at the Canadian Frontier, London Ontario Canada: Museum London and the McIntosh Gallery, 2010. Mapping Medievalism, a collection of essays written by a professor and nine graduate students, is an examination of the role of settlers’ imagination of Europe’s middle ages in the development of Canadian culture. The project aims to be inclusive of Aboriginal histories, and some authors grapple with the colonial implications of the settlers’ imagining of the medieval. This review provides an indigenous political perspective on the book, and argues that some essays provide useful insight into colonial processes. However, some essays approach colonialism in a non-productive fashion and, ultimately, the publication falls short of its aim to be inclusive to Aboriginal histories.

  12. Designing economic evaluations to facilitate optimal decisions: the need to avoid bias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lee KM

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Karen M Lee,1,3 Kathryn Coyle,2 Doug Coyle2,31Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health (CADTH, Ottawa, ON, Canada; 2Health Economics Research Group, Brunel University, Uxbridge, UK; 3School of Epidemiology, Public Health and Preventive Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, CanadaGuertin et al1 argue in their article “Bias within economic evaluations” that if researchersfail to incorporate the future availability of generics entrants for new patented drugs, the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER will be overestimated.1 Before addressing the validity of this argument, it is first worthwhile to consider the nature of both bias and economic evaluation.Read the original paper by Guertin et al 

  13. Fecal microbiota transplantation: current clinical efficacy and future prospects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bowman KA

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Kathryn A Bowman,1 Elizabeth K Broussard,2 Christina M Surawicz2 1Department of Medicine, 2Division of Gastroenterology, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA, USA Abstract: Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT has gained mainstream attention with its remarkable efficacy in treating recurrent Clostridium difficile infection (RCDI when there are no other effective therapies. Methods of selecting donors and routes of administration vary among studies, but there are now randomized controlled trials showing efficacy of FMT in treating RCDI. Ongoing trials of FMT for other disease such as inflammatory bowel disease are underway; this therapy should not be used for these conditions unless there is strong evidence for efficacy. Long-term safety data are sorely needed, as well as clarification of regulatory concerns. Keywords: fecal microbiota transplant, recurrent Clostridium difficile infection, Clostridium difficile infection, microbiome, inflammatory bowel disease

  14. Phyllis Bronstein (1939-2012).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Canetto, Silvia Sara; Quina, Kathryn

    2015-04-01

    This article memorializes Phyllis Bronstein (1939-2012). Bronstein was a feminist scholar, social and clinical psychologist, and activist for social justice. At the University of Vermont, she engaged almost 100 undergraduates in her research teams, mentored the research and professional development of 43 graduate students, and trained over 90 clinical psychology students in the feminist family therapy program she developed. Bronstein published over 45 chapters and journal articles, and three edited books. One stream of her scholarship focused on sociocultural factors in parenting, child and adolescent development, with studies conducted in the United States and Mexico. Bronstein is perhaps best known for two volumes on the integration of multicultural and gender issues into the psychology curriculum, coedited with Kathryn Quina and published by the American Psychological Association. Bronstein's third stream of scholarship addressed sexist, racist, and ageist practices in academic and clinical professions. (c) 2015 APA, all rights reserved).

  15. Männer und Frauen sind nicht gleich. Über Geschlechterstereotype in juristischen Verfahren Men and Women are not Equal. On Gender Stereotypes in Legal Proceedings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Fröhlich

    2004-07-01

    Full Text Available Weibliche und männliche Angeklagte wurden in den NS-Prozessen nach 1945 nicht gleich behandelt. In den Aufsätzen des von Ulrike Weckel und Edgar Wolfrum herausgegebenen Sammelbandes ‚Bestien‘ und ‚Befehlsempfänger‘. Frauen und Männer in NS-Prozessen nach 1945 werden der unmittelbar nach der Kapitulation Deutschlands von den Alliierten initiierte Nürnberger Prozess gegen die Hauptkriegsverbrecher, die Verfahren gegen SS-Aufseherinnen sowie die Hochverratsprozesse in der Weimarer Republik und im Nationalsozialismus analysiert. Daneben ist die Berichterstattung über den Nürnberger Prozess als einem „medialen Großereignis“ ebenso Gegenstand der Untersuchung wie die Fernsehberichterstattung über das in den 1970er Jahren geführte Majdanek-Verfahren gegen SS-Aufseher und -Aufseherinnen. Die Autorinnen fragen, ob und welche Geschlechterstereotype Rechtsprechung und Berichterstattung geprägt haben, welche Funktionen den dabei formulierten Männer- und Frauenbildern im Kontext der Konstituierung der beiden deutschen Gesellschaften nach 1945 zukamen und wie sie kulturgeschichtlich zu verorten sind. Nach der mittlerweile etablierten Täterinnenforschung rückt ein geschlechtergeschichtlicher Ansatz in das Blickfeld der Forschung zu NS-Prozessen und ihrer Wahrnehmung, der frauen- und männergeschichtliche Studien gleichermaßen anregen kann.Accused men and women were not treated equally in the Nazi trials after 1945. In the articles of the volume edited by Ulrike Weckel und Edgar Wolfrum ‘Bestien’ und ‘Befehlsempfänger’. Frauen und Männer in NS-Prozessen nach 1945, the Nuremberg Trials—initiated by the Allies against the main war criminals immediately after the capitulation of Germany, trials against SS concentration camp guards, and trials of high treason during the Weimar Republic and National Socialism are analyzed. A further subject of the study is the reporting of the Nuremberg Trials as a “major media event”, as

  16. The social novel by Hans Fallada Little man, what now?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zobenica Nikolina N.

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Although the novel by Hans Fallada (born as Rudolf Ditzen, 1893-1947 Little Man, What Now? (Kleiner Mann, was nun? was published more than eighty years ago (1932, it was only translated to Serbian in 2015. It can be regarded both as a belated reaction or publication in the right moment - both would be correct. The novel has also regained attention in Germany, and the unabridged edition was published in 2016. Little Man, What Now? is the novel on a little man in the Weimar Republic and depicts the society of that time. In this paper the sociological approach has been applied to the novel analysis in order to show the picture of the society, with the aim to emphasize the timeless features which make this social novel still relevant and interesting. The reference of literature to society is not always obvious as in this case, which serves as the base for criticism of the sociological approach. The assumption that literature has relevance for reality is criticized because it disputes the premise of modern aesthetics that the author is an autonomous creator of art works. Drawing an analogy between literature and society has also been questioned because of numerous difficulties in associating the history of literature to the history of society. In spite of all these critical points, the analysis of this novel has been undertaken from the sociological approach because it directly points at the society in the Weimar Republic. Since it has not lost its actuality decades after its first publication, although it depicts the social circumstances of a certain period of time (1929-1932, it can be concluded that there are social processes which are in a certain way constant despite outward changing circumstances. The consequences of economic instability always strike the 'little men' most severely, not only are they at the mercy of their employers and various institutions, but are also affected by their lack of solidarity as well. The only source of happiness

  17. "Loops and Legs in Quantum Field Theory", 12th DESY Workshop on Elementary Particle Physics

    Science.gov (United States)

    The bi-annual international conference "Loops and Legs in Quantum Field Theory" has been held at Weimar, Germany, from April 27 to May 02, 2014. It has been the 12th conference of this series, started in 1992. The main focus of the conference are precision calculations of multi- loop and multi-leg processes in elementary particle physics for processes at present and future high-energy facilities within and beyond the Standard Model. At present many physics questions studied deal with processes at the LHC and future facilities like the ILC. A growing number of contributions deals with important developments in the field of computational technologies and algorithmic methods, including large-scale computer algebra, efficient methods to compute large numbers of Feynman diagrams, analytic summation and integration methods of various kinds, new related function spaces, precise numerical methods and Monte Carlo simulations. The present conference has been attended by more than 110 participants from all over the world, presenting more than 75 contributions, most of which have been written up for these pro- ceedings. The present volume demonstrates in an impressive way the enormous development of the field during the last few years, reaching the level of 5-loop calculations in QCD and a like- wise impressive development in massive next-to-leading order and next-to-next-to-leading order processes. Computer algebraic and numerical calculations require terabyte storage and many CPU years, even after intense parallelization, to obtain state-of-the-art theoretical predictions. The city of Weimar gave a suitable frame to the conference, with its rich history, especially in literature, music, arts, and architecture. Goethe, Schiller, Wieland, Herder, Bach and Liszt lived there and created many of their masterpieces. The many young participants signal that our field is prosperous and faces an exciting future. The conference hotel "Kaiserin Augusta" offered a warm hospitality and

  18. Process development for utilizing asbestos cement waste in rotary kilns for the cement industry. Final report; Erarbeitung eines Verfahrens zur stofflichen Verwertung von zementgebundenen Asbestprodukten in Drehrohroefen fuer die Zementindustrie. Abschlussbericht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schlegel, R.; Kieser, J.; Kraehner, A.

    1999-11-01

    The law for recycling and waste demands the utilization also for waste of asbestos cement (ac). The procedure of thermal utilization of ac in the flame of a rotary cement kiln was developed and patented by the research institute IBU-tec Weimar, Germany. The ac-material has to be pre-pulverized and grinded to a degree of fineness of R{sub 90}<15%. Considerations of safety engineering lead to the idea of common fine grinding of old oil (oo) and ac. This new procedure was searched in FuE-project in 1998/99 (financial support by BMBF). A mash of ac and oo was generated as a utilization product ready for firing which was injected into the flame of the rotary cement kiln. This particles of ac smelt to spherical shaped particles at a temperature above 1500 C. They were utilized by clinker formation. The material and gas stream leaving the kiln does not contain fibres of asbestos. This was demonstrated in a small equipment burning test. The industrial realization concerning cement plant Ruedersdorf, near Berlin, was searched, technologically described and safety engineeringly and financially assessed by a project study. Process-technical and financial advantages were seen for the dry fine grinding. The wet fine grinding with old oil could be used in cement plants using old oil as fuel. (orig.) [German] Das Kreislaufwirtschafts- und Abfallgesetz (1994) fordert u.a. die stoffliche Verwertung auch fuer Asbestzementabfaelle (AZ). Das vom Institut fuer Baustoff- und Umweltschutz-Technologie Weimar 1995 entwickelte und patentierte Verfahren zur thermischen Verwertung von AZ in der Flamme eines Zementdrehrohrofens erfuellt diese Forderung. Das AZ-Material muss vorzerkleinert und bis zur Rohmehlfeinheit (R{sub 90}<15%) feingemahlen werden. Sicherheitstechnische Ueberlegungen fuehrten zu der Idee, die Feinmahlung zusammen mit Altoel (AOe) zu erproben. Diese Verfahrensvariante wurde im Rahmen eines FuE-Projektes 1998/99 untersucht (finanzielle Foerderung durch das BMBF). Als

  19. Investigations into the suitability of a new cement-mortar lining for district heating networks; Untersuchungen zur Eignung einer neuartigen Zementmoertelauskleidung fuer Fernwaermetrassen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Berger, W.; Krausewald, J. [Forschungsinstitute fuer Tief- und Rohrleitungsbau Weimar e.V. (FITR) (Germany)

    2002-08-01

    For more than three decades cement-mortar linings have been successfully applied for the rehabilitation of cold medium pipelines, water pipelines in particular. Besides of the passive and active protection against corrosion, the reestablishment of the outer and interior load capacity of the pipe, the wall thickness of which had been weakened for instance by the pitting corrosion, is an essential argument for the application of this rehabilitation method. For warm medium pipelines, such as district heating pipeline routes, until recently suitable lining materials have not been available, which during the varying operating conditions are capable of taking up the thermic loads without admitting any damages impeding its functioning. For this reason on behalf of MC-Bauchemie Mueller GmbH and Co. investigations into a newly developed coating on the inside for district heating pipeline routes, with the name KONUSIT-MFL, have been carried out under extreme temperature load reversals by the Research Institute of Underground Civil Engineering and Pipeline Construction Weimar (FITR). The pipes to be tested, equipped with the new coating on the inside, were supplied to the FITR test field by E. Heitkamp Rohrbau GmbH. (orig.) [German] Seit mehr als drei Jahrzehnten werden Zementmoertelauskleidungen bei der Sanierung kaltgehender Rohrleitungen, vor allem bei Wasserleitungen, mit Erfolg angewendet. Neben dem passiven und aktiven Korrosionsschutz ist die Wiederherstellung der aeusseren und inneren Belastbarkeit bei wanddickengeschwaechten Rohren, z. B. infolge von Lochkorrosion, ein wesentliches Argument fuer die Anwendung dieses Sanierungsverfahrens. Fuer warmgehende Leitungen, wie z. B. Fernwaermetrassen, fehlten bis vor Kurzem geeignete Beschichtungsmaterialien, die in der Lage sind, die thermischen Beanspruchungen waehrend der Betriebszustaende einer Trasse ohne die Funktion beeinflussende Beschaedigungen aufzunehmen. Vor diesem Hintergrund wurden vom Forschungsinstitut fuer

  20. Constituição e política: uma relação difícil Constitution and politics: a difficult relationship

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilberto Bercovici

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo busca analisar as tensas e complexas relações entre política e Constituição, desde a célebre polêmica sobre o antagonismo entre democracia e constitucionalismo, passando pelos paradoxos da formalização excessiva do direito constitucional, o direito político por excelência. O método exclusivamente jurídico do direito público vai ser posto em xeque no debate da República de Weimar pela nova Teoria da Constituição, que busca incluir o político na análise constitucional. No segundo pós-guerra, o debate se dará entre as teorias materiais e processuais da constituição, buscando dirigir ou excluir a política da Constituição. Tendência esta de exclusão que chega ao ápice com os tribunais constitucionais e o esvaziamento do debate sobre política e legitimidade no direito constitucional contemporâneo, que necessita, na opinião do autor, de uma "volta à política" para sair do impasse em que se encontra.The article explores the tense and complex relationships between Politics and Constitution, from the famous discussion about democracy and constitutionalism, through the paradoxes of the juridical formalism of Constitutional Law, the Political Law par excellence. The exclusively juridical method of Public Law was contested in the Weimar Republic debate on the new Theory of Constitution, which strove for include the Political in the constitutional analysis. In the second Post-war period, the debate has oscillated between Substantive and Procedural theories of the Constitution, both striving for conducting Politics or excluding it from the Constitution. This trend culminates in the Constitutional Courts and the empting of the debate about politics and legitimacy in contemporary Constitutional Law, which needs, according to the author, the "return to Politics" to get out of its present deadlock.

  1. [Affect, medicine and public enlightenment: the origin of the film genre "Deutscher Kulturfilm"].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osten, Philipp

    2009-01-01

    This article describes the process of professionalisation of medical films in Germany between 1910 and 1920. At the beginning of this decade, government institutions showed a growing interest in hygiene campaigns and started to cooperate with medical experts as well as with professional advertisers. When the German film industry was nationalised at the end of World War I, these informal structures were strengthened. New theories described the film as a most powerful tool for propaganda purposes. This profoundly changed the expectations towards medical films. Now their content had to be bedded into the dramatised form of a photoplay. After 1918, in anticipation of the reprivatisation of the German film industry, government officials of the Weimar Republic developed complex measures to obtain and keep control over a new genre of documentary film which was now called "Deutscher Kulturfilm". Some of the political expectations linked to the Kulturfilm can be exemplified in the first documentary of feature length released by the Berlin-based Universal Film Corporation in 1920. It contained elements of medical films that had been shot during the last decade of the German Empire, and it was newly composed in 1919 to meet the presumable needs of a broader public in an uncertain democratic future.

  2. "Telling a Story." On the Dramaturgy of Monophonic Jazz Solos

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    Klaus Frieler

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The metaphor of storytelling is widespread among jazz performers and jazz researchers. However, little is known about the precise meaning of this metaphor on an analytical level. The present paper attempts to shed light on the connected semantic field of the metaphor and relate it to its musical basis by investigating time courses of selected musical elements and features in monophonic jazz improvisations. Three explorative studies are carried out using transcriptions of 299 monophonic jazz solos from the Weimar Jazz Database. The first study inspects overall trends using fits of quadratic polynomials onto loudness and pitch curves. The second study does the same using selected features related to intensity, tension and variability over the course of phrases in the solos. The third study examines the distribution of the relative positions of various improvisational ideas in a subset of 116 solos. Results show that certain trends can be found, but not to a large extent. Significant trends most often display arch-shaped curves as expected from classical dramatic models. This is also in accordance with the fact that expressive improvisational ideas are more often found in the last part of a solo, while more relaxed ideas occur earlier. All in all, jazz improvisations show a wide range of variation and no single overarching dramatic model could be identified.

  3. SQUID gradiometers for archaeometry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chwala, Andreas; Stolz, Ronny; IJsselsteijn, Rob; Schultze, Volkmar; Ukhansky, Nikolay; Meyer, Hans-Georg [Institute for Physical High Technology, Jena (Germany); Schueler, Tim [Thueringisches Landesamt fuer Archaeologische Denkmalpflege, Weimar (Germany)

    2001-12-01

    The mapping of the Earth's magnetic field or field gradient is a proven method in surface exploration and archaeometry. Caesium vapour magnetometers show the best magnetic field resolution of commercial devices, but their sampling frequency is limited to 10 Hz. Using SQUIDs it is possible to achieve the same or even better magnetic field resolution with a sampling frequency as high as 100 Hz or more. This allows significantly shorter acquisition times, which is essential for the mapping of large objects. In this paper we check the performance of our developed systems on a neolithic double-ring ditch enclosure near Weimar, Germany. We compare mappings of this area using an electronic caesium gradiometer, an electronic HTS SQUID gradiometer and an integrated planar LTS SQUID gradiometer. With all three systems the magnetic pattern of the ditch is visible; however, the electronic HTS gradiometer shows disturbances of the same order of magnitude as the gradient signal of the ditch, due to an insufficient common mode rejection whilst being moved. The planar LTS SQUID gradiometer shows superior performance. Its mapping shows a much better contrast and features that are not visible in the mapping of the caesium gradiometer. (author)

  4. Occupied Europe and German art historiography: methodology and morals

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    Arnold Witte

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Review of Kunstgeschichte in den besetzten Gebieten 1939-1945, edited by Magdalena Bushart, Agnieszka Gasior and Alena Janatkova. Cologne/Weimar/Vienna: Böhlau, 2016. The art historiography of the period of German National-Socialism has made significant methodological progress in the last two decades, and the present volume widens the geographical scope to include the territories occupied between 1939 and 1945 by the German army. How did art historians in these countries respond to the expectations and demands of these new authorities? A range of studies on Czech, Polish, Dutch, Belgian and Lithuanian academics shows how they were either lured into cooperation with the Germans on the basis of ‘Aryan’ concepts of art and culture, or ostracized when not considered part of the German race. A range of other essays on German art historians show how they were actively involved in propaganda activities in occupied countries. Notwithstanding its geographical bias towards eastern Europe, this volume shows how important this exchange was for the course of the discipline in various regions, and that using archival research is a sine-qua-non for the study of art historiography in times of regime change.

  5. Buried Layers: On the Origins, Rise, and Fall of Stratification Theories.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wieser, Martin

    2017-06-26

    This article presents a historical analysis of the origins, rise, and demise of theories of stratification (Schichtentheorien). Following their roots in the ancient metaphysical idea of the "great chain of being," Aristotle's scala naturae, the medieval "Jacob's ladder," and Leibniz's concept of the lex continua, I argue that theories of stratification represent the modern heir to the ancient cosmological idea of a harmonious, hierarchical, and unified universe. Theories of stratification reached their heyday during the interwar period within German academia, proliferating over a vast number of disciplines and rising to special prominence within personality psychology, feeding the hope for a unitary image of the world and of human beings, their biological and mental development, their social organization and cultural creations. This article focuses on the role of visuality as a distinct mode of scientific knowledge within theories of stratification as well as the cultural context that provided the fertile ground for their flowering in the Weimar Republic. Finally, the rapid demise of theories of stratification during the 1950s is discussed, and some reasons for their downfall during the second half of the 20th century are explored. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved).

  6. Einstein and Planck

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heilbron, John

    2005-03-01

    As an editor of the Annalen der Physik, Max Planck published Einstein's early papers on thermodynamics and on special relativity, which Planck probably was the first major physicist to appreciate. They respected one another not only as physicists but also, for their inspired creation of world pictures, as artists. Planck helped to establish Einstein in a sinecure at the center of German physics, Berlin. Despite their differences in scientific style, social life, politics, and religion, they became fast friends. Their mutual admiration survived World War I, during which Einstein advocated pacifism and Planck signed the infamous Manifesto of the 93 Intellectuals supporting the German invasion of Belgium. It also survived the Weimar Republic, which Einstein favored and Planck disliked. Physics drew them together, as both opposed the Copenhagen Interpretation; so did common decency, as Planck helped to protect Einstein from anti-semitic attacks. Their friendship did not survive the Nazis. As a standing secretary of the Berlin Academy, Planck had to advise Einstein to resign from it before his colleagues, outraged at his criticism of the new Germany from the safety of California, expelled him. Einstein never forgave his old friend and former fellow artist for not protesting publicly against his expulsion and denigration, and other enormities of National Socialism. .

  7. [Paul Nitsche: psychiatric reformer and main protagonist of Nazi euthanasia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Böhm, B

    2012-03-01

    The professional career of Paul Nitsche reflects the contradictory path taken by a German institutional psychiatrist who was a leader in the field at the time. During the Weimar Republic he advocated improving the institutional system based on principles of psychiatric reform, but was already receptive to concepts of racial hygiene. Shortly after the National Socialists seized power, Nitsche was already an influential proponent and participant in eugenic measures in Saxony and actively involved in implementing the "Law for the Prevention of Genetically Diseased Offspring." He increasingly appraised the value of a patient according to the person's economic performance. It was also Nitsche's opinion that the consequence of this extreme rationalization of human life was to exterminate "life unworthy of life." As a T4 appointed head assessor he decided in the last instance whether thousands of people would live or die. As the Medical Director of the T4 program, he was later directly responsible for continuing the massacre as "decentralized euthanasia." At the euthanasia trial in Dresden he was condemned to death and executed in 1948.

  8. New Ideological Struggle?

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    Sergey Aleksandrovich Karaganov

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Instead of predicted end of ideology and ideological competition due to presumed 15-20 years ago final victory of Western liberalism and democracy the world is sliding into the new ideological struggle. There are many reasons for it: appeal of the West is declining, the democratization and renationalization of international polities push to the fore new leaders and most of them profess traditional and nationalist values. New post-European values did not get hold in Russian society seeking old values it has been cut off during the 70 years of the Communist experiment and also due to the fact that the West pursued a neo-Weimar policy of geopolitical expansion, which provoked defensive reaction to everything coming from the West. The intensity of the new ideological struggle is exacerbated by the moral and ideological vacuum created by modernization, which pushes aside many traditional religious and moral values. Author concludes that mutual resentment between Russia and Europe is quite strong right now, but it’s better to build good-neighborly relations while understanding that we are different. And it’s needed to try hard to avoid a new systemic military-political confrontation that is desired by many forces.

  9. [From anamnesis to the art of interpretation, or: What is a "genuine" psychoanalyst? Wolfgang Warda, Ludwig Binswanger, Wilhelm Strohmayer and the origins of psychoanalysis in Thuringia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    May, Ulrike

    2016-01-01

    Warda and Strohmayer from Thuringia were among the first German physicians who developed an interest in Freuds theory and therapeutic method around 1900. Their contributions reflect the influence of Otto Binswanger, professor of psychiatry in Jena, a representative of the "psychological direction" in psychiatry which in the beginning was relatively receptive to Freud. The paper discusses their rapprochement to, and detachment from, the Freudian school, including also the work of a third young physician: Ludwig Binswanger, Otto's nephew, who was active in Jena at the same time. It points to certain factors contributing to the increasing rejection Freud met in academic circles which have been underrated to date: (1) the transformation of psychoanalysis into an art of interpretation; (2) the introduction of transference. Both factors which were elaborated by Freud as essentials of his theoretical and practical approach around 1900 and published in 1904/05, undermined the claim of academic medicine to objectivity. The paper describes how psychoanalysis officially abandoned the scientific standards of contemporary medicine at the Weimar congress in 1911, at the same time as Warda and Strohmayer left the Freudian group.

  10. [Carl Ludwig Homburg. A prosector in Goethe's time].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Müller-Dietz, H E

    1991-01-01

    The interest of the medical historian is not necessarily confined to great scholars but can be devoted, as well, to assistant like Homburg who had been not only the prosector of J. C. Loder, anatomist in Jena but had, at the same time, worked for J. W. v. Goethe, Cabinet Minister in Weimar and in charge of Jena University. Some data on the life of prosector C.L. Homburg (who died in 1833) are known to us from notes and letters of Goethe and Loder. Loder had employed the former Berlin student of surgery and barber's assistant to model for him anatomic samples for demonstration and anatomic illustrations and also for his collection. When Loder followed a call to Halle and took his collection of specimens along with him, his successor in Jena had to set up another collection which came under ducal administration. Homburg gave him a helping hand, under Goethe's vigilant control. Loder sold his collection to Russia, some time later, and had an Anatomic Theatre built in Moscow for its accommodation and for anatomic lectures. For that purpose, he called Homburg from Jena and praised him in his public inauguration speech. Two sons and one grandson of Homburg are known to have worked as prosectors, as well, in Moscow, Kharkov, and Kazan.

  11. "Sie haben gestritten und sind gestorben fürs Vaterland und fürs Judentum." Friedhöfe für jüdische Gefallene des Ersten Weltkriegs im Deutschen Reich

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    Knufinke, Ulrich

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper sheds light on the history and the design of military cemeteries for the Jewish victims of the First World War in Germany. Many Jews welcomed the beginning of the World War as a good opportunity to demonstrate their patriotism, proving that Jewish Germans were part of German society. During the Weimar Republic, anti-Semitism increased, and since 1933, it was part of the national socialist governance policy. Under these circumstances the commemoration of Jewish war victims did not only fulfill the basic desire for mourning, but was a political task emphasizing the Jewish contribution to the war. The erection of monuments and memorial tablets in Jewish cemeteries, synagogues, and other institutions had started as early as in 1916. After the end of the war, the design of such monuments became an important task for Jewish architects. In the Jewish cemeteries of many bigger cities, special areas for soldiers were established with standardized tombstones and memorials. Their design and iconography rely on both the general traditions of war remembrance emphasizing the "sacrifice" for the country and the tradition of Jewish religion, culture, and community.

  12. The experience of the Hitler Youth - boys in national-socialism

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    Dominik Figiel

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Losing the First World War, unemployment, the generation gap and the cult of youth led to the party of Adolf Hitler gaining popularity in the Weimar Republic. Using slogans of the restoration of a strong Germany the national socialists organized structures, which formed and educated German Youth. Hitler Youth – brought up according to the rule: “youth leads youth” – was a very fertile environment for the spread of the idea of national-socialism. The specific values – racial supremacy, honour, obedience – handed down by parents were the beginning of the Nazi indoctrination. In the later period such organizations as Bund Deutscher Madel or Hitlerjugend took power over German youth. Education, upbringing, ideological content used by the institutions in Nazi Germany are described in the extensive literature on the subject. However, very important are the experiences of individual members of the Hitler Youth that show the Nazi youth activities from a time perspective. Experiences such as the wisdom of life, and gained knowledge, enable recognition and description of the reality which is discussed. The scope of historical and pedagogical research shows the essential facts constituting the full picture of the life of young people during Nazi era.

  13. Covert Operation ``Sun God'' - History of German Solar Research in the Third Reich and Under Allied Occupation (German Title: Kommandosache ``Sonnengott'' - Geschichte der deutschen Sonnenforschung im Dritten Reich und unter alliierter Besatzung)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seiler, Michael P.

    Between 1939 and 1945 the Luftwaffe of the Third Reich invested large sums in solar research and the establishment of a chain of solar observatories under the code word “Sun God”. Observations of the different phenomena of solar activity were intended to allow a dependable daily prediction of the best frequency bands for long-range military radio. For the development of these research activities the Luftwaffe used a young astrophysicist, who - being the son of a well-known leftist publisher of the Weimar Republic - did appear not well suited to perform “war decisive research” for the Nazi regime: Karl-Otto Kiepenheuer (1910-1975). Circumventing the usual academic tenure, Hitler's war turned the barely thirty-year-old and up to then rather unsuccessful Kiepenheuer into an influential director of a research institution, which he was to remain for the next three decades as well. This book recounts the history of German solar research in the period 1939-1949, her entanglement with the crimes of the Nazi regime as well as her use by the Western Allies until the founding of the German Federal Republic.

  14. Landeskundeunterricht zum Nationalsozialismus. Ein Praxisbericht aus der Mongolei

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    Ralf Heimrath

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available In einer Umfrage bei den fortgeschrittenen Studierenden an der Deutschen Abteilung der Nationaluniversität der Mo n- golei wurde festgestellt, dass der Name Hitler sehr bekannt und mit e iner positiven Konnotation verbunden ist. Dagegen gab es keine Kenntnisse über die Zeit des Nationalsozialismus in Deutschland. Mehrere weitere Beobachtungen lassen darüber hinaus in der Mongolei und in anderen Ländern eine bestimmte Hitler - Verehrung erken nen. Vor diesem Hintergrund wurde im Jahr 2012 an der Deutschen Abteilung der Nationaluniversität der Mongolei eine Unterricht s- sequenz zum Thema Nationalsozialismus in Deutschland durchgeführt. Die wichtigsten Themen sind dabei die Persönlichkeit des Dikt ators, der Werdegang der NSDAP während der Weimarer Republik und das Schicksal der jüdischen Bevölkerung in Deutschland vor und insbesondere nach der Machtergreifung Hitlers. Die Sequenz dient der Relativierung des Hitler - Bildes im Bewusstsein der Studiere nden und der Vermittlung von Kenntnissen zur Geschichte des 20. Jahrhunderts als Grundlage einer Entwicklung, die zu zwei deutschen Staaten und ihrer späteren Vereinigung führte. Die Sequenz ist auf vergleichbare Unterrichtssituationen in anderen Ländern übertragbar.

  15. [Hermann Simon--reformer of psychiatry, social Darwinist, and National Socialist?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walter, B

    2002-11-01

    Hermann Simon (1867-1947) was shaped in his psychiatric thinking and views of society by the German empire. He showed a strongly conservative attitude and thought in ethnic-nationalistic terms. Beginning in 1905 and drawing on practical experience, he developed the concept of a "more active therapy." Simon perceived patients in a holistic way, regarding them not so much as sick people but as fellow men. He believed in the ability of a healthy personality to practice responsible and "well ordered self determination." Thus he defined the role of the doctor in a new way. Within Germany as well as internationally, active therapy was well-received, especially because of its positive effect on the atmosphere within asylums. In the context of reform of so-called open care during the Weimar epoch, Simon's approach was perceived in a new way because it allowed individual views of each patient, enabling assessment of the ability to work and chances for release. Simon himself set his concept in a "biological" and psychological context, based on his own biologistic and social Darwinistic world view. This view was open for eugenic, racial hygienic concepts, and fundamental criticism of welfare policy. It was only a short step from this conservative tenor, understanding of the state, and biologistic thinking to his open acclaim of Hitler and National Socialist (Nazi) racist policy.

  16. [The Hannover School of Veterinary Medicine in the Third Reich. Part 1: early history, assumption of power and consolidation of the Nazi regime].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schimanski, M; Schäffer, J

    2001-09-01

    During the time of the Weimar republic the professors and students at the School of Veterinary Medicine Hannover had a national-conservative political attitude with a clearly anti-republican tendency. Before 1933 the National Socialism did not play a role at the school. After the assumption of power by Hitler the 'Gleichschaltung'--which also took place at the universities--ran mostly smoothly at the veterinary school. 75% of the teaching staff and 50% of the students had joined the NSDAP (nazi party) respectively the NSDStB (nazi student organisation) at the end of the summer semester 1933. The following development of the school until World War II is closely connected with the foundation of the Military Veterinary Academy in Hannover in 1935. During the years 1935-1939 offerings were made in a traditional way and without political considerations playing a major role. With the beginning of World War II the school developed into the centre of veterinary studies in Germany. In order to meet the demand of veterinary officers and civil veterinarians the studies were shortened, trimesters were temporarily introduced und standards of examinations were lowered. At the end of the war around 45% of the school was destroyed. In the beginning the denazification meant a significant turning point but it developed into a mere episode of the history of the school by the reappointment of all the seven professors who had been dismissed in 1945/46.

  17. Psychiatry, German society, and the Nazi "euthanasia" programme.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burleigh, Michael

    1994-08-01

    The paper begins by establishing the position of psychiatry after the First World War, concentrating upon the interplay between economy measures and limited reform during the Weimar Republic. Each therapeutic advance involved the definition of irremediable subgroups within the already socially marginalized psychiatric constituency. Nazi policy towards psychiatric patients during the 1930s involved further economy measures, and the introduction of negative eugenic strategies, were similar in kind if not degree, to those pursued in some other countries at that time. The decision to kill the mentally ill and physically disabled was taken by Hitler in order to clear the decks for war, and was justified with the aid of crude utilitarian arguments, as well as what limited evidence there was regarding popular attitudes on these issues. Many health professionals and psychiatrists accommodated themselves to policies which a few years later became one of the components of the 'Final Solution of the Jewish Question', i.e. Hitler's vengeance against the Jewish people in circumstances of war he had envisaged much earlier.

  18. [Johann Sebastian Bach: life, oeuvre and his significance for the cardiology].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trappe, H-J

    2014-12-01

    Johann Sebastian Bach was born on 1685 in Eisenach. By the time he turned 10, Bach found himself an orphan after the death of both of his parents. After working in Weimar, Arnstadt, Mühlhausen, and Köthen Bach signed a contract to become the new organist and teacher at St. Thomas Church Leipzig in 1723 and stayed there until his death. In 1749, Bach tried to fix his failing sight by having surgery the following year, but the operation ended up leaving him completely blind. Few months later, Bach suffered a stroke. He died in Leipzig on July 28, 1750. In recent years, there were some questions whether music of different styles can directly alter cardiovascular parameters, particularly by using Bach's music. In some studies it has been shown that cardiovascular parameters (blood pressure, heart rate) are influenced by music. Listening to classic music (Bach) leads to positive erffects, also music by Italian composters. In contrast, "modern" music, vocal music or songs had no positive effects on cardiovascular parameters. In addition, positive effects on cardiovascular parameters and behavioural patters have been shown in an animal study recently, by Bach's music. Recent studies showed clearly that music influences cardiovascular parameters. It is obvious that classical music (Bach) has benefitial effects, both in humans and in animals. Therefore, the music of the "Thomaskantor" will improve both, quality of life and cardiovascular health. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  19. Way Search to Research: from Academic Exercises in Architecture to Scientific Investigations into Actual Problems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gintaras Stauskis

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract. An interest in doctoral studies reflects the overall status of the scientist in the country in general and the role of science in the architect profession in particular. The article analyses the basic channels of how the students of architecture search for and find the ways to transfer themselves from the study area into an academic research environment. In order to figure out general trends and to outline the differences and similarities of doctoral studies that could further facilitate cooperation, the paper presents the thematic outputs of doctoral programmes in architecture schools in Vilnius, Riga, Venice, Jelgava and Weimar. With reference to the example of the Faculty of Architecture, VGTU, the trends towards developing research activities are analysed taking into account three interconnected branches of architecture: urban design, building architecture and landscape architecture. The cooperation and coordination of academic and research activities in wider European space is taking place upon common interest based on the specificities of each school and priorities of the chosen region. The awareness of global and regional processes in architectural research is an important point for the present and coming generations of researchers in Europe as they are building their careers on the basis of investigation into the options of the local applications of global competences in a cross-professional and inter-disciplinary way.

  20. Regionalismo estratégico: una respuesta frente a la glocalización. El desarrollo urbano posfordista en el este de Alemania

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    Claudia Tomadoni

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Los procesos de asociatividad territorial de una ciudad pueden derivar en proyectos de regionalización a diferentes escalas. Otrora, factores como conectividad, accesibilidad y proximidad eran imprescindibles para el posicionamiento urbano. En la actual glocalización ellos son insuficientes y dan lugar a desarrollos urbanos posfordistas. La ideología de la competitividad llevada al territorio condujo a diversos tipos de estrategias para jugar el juego de seducción al capital. La región emerge como la forma territorial que posibilita la entrada al “mercado de los lugares” que pertenecen al mundo global. La promoción de regiones es una estrategia para reforzar identidad frente a la globalización y funciona como factor para atraer actividades y población. No todas las ciudades tienen “éxito” pero la participación de agentes y la paradójica combinación de competitividad y asociatividad permiten corregir distorsiones. Aquí se aborda el caso de la ciudad-región Weimar, donde el regionalismo estratégico surge como uno de los caminos de reproducción urbana.

  1. Rudolf von Laban’s Labanotation: the origin of notational analysis methods in sport sciences. [La Labanotación de Rudolf von Laban: el origen de los métodos de análisis notacional en las ciencias del deporte].

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Ángel Gómez

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Rudolf von Laban (born in 1879, Poszony, Hungary; and died in 1958, Addlestone, England was one of the most significant figures in the movement analysis and dance in Europe during the 20th century (Lepczyk, 2009. He was considered a pioneer of modern dance and a theorist of the dance movements. Particularly, his work was considered a breakthrough in the history of dance notation systems (Barbacci, 2002; Lepczyk, 2009, 2011. According to Barbacci (2002 Laban had a live marked by idealism and deep disillusions, on the one hand, he lived in the most important cultural cities in Europe (Paris, Vienna, Munich, Berlin, Zurich, and London where he met and kept contact with intellectuals and artists, this experience allowed him to be influenced by some theories such as “Naturphilosophie”, which developed a biological and romantic vision of movements. In fact, Laban considered the movement as a “Dance of Nature” (Barbacci, 2002. On the other hand, he also was influenced by negative disillusions because he lived through two World Wars, the Weimar Republic and also the origins of Nazism. Laban tried to study the movement from a natural perspective where man has a place in the universe, thus the movement is related to the mind and body, as well as to individuals and groups (Barbacci, 2002. (Full text/texto completo.

  2. Conserving water and preserving infrastructures between dictatorship and democracy in Berlin

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    Timothy Moss

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper sheds a long-term perspective on the politics of water infrastructure in 20th century Berlin, focusing on how water conservation became enrolled in the political agendas of very diverse regimes, from the Weimar Republic to the present day. The paper poses the following three questions: firstly, in what socio-technical and political contexts have strategies of water conservation emerged (and disappeared in Berlin? Secondly, what meanings have been attributed to these strategies and how were they politically appropriated? Thirdly, what continuities and changes to water-saving strategies can be traced across Berlin’s turbulent 20th century history? These questions are addressed with an empirical analysis of four periods of Berlin’s water infrastructure history: a an era of expansion (1920-1935 about harnessing (regional water for (urban prosperity, b an era of national autarky (1936-1945 about enrolling urban water in the Nazi cause, c an era of division (1948-1989 about reordering truncated water flows in divided West and East Berlin, and d an era of reunification (1990-present in which expansionism has confronted environmentalism, giving rise to contestation over the desirability of water conservation. This empirical analysis is framed conceptually in terms of a dialogue between notions of obdurate socio-technical systems and dynamic socio-material assemblages.

  3. Solide Handwerksarbeit als Vorlage für Frauen- und Geschlechterforschung Creating a Mould for Women’s Studies and Gender Studies: Dr. Marie Baum

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    Ilona Scheidle

    2002-07-01

    Full Text Available Die Universitätsbibliothek Heidelberg veröffentlichte das „Nachlaßverzeichnis Dr. Marie Baum” (1874–1964, Ehrenbürgerin der alma mater. Das Repertorium dokumentiert die Zeugnisse ihres Lebens: als Pionierin der modernen Sozialarbeit, Vertreterin der bürgerlichen Frauenbewegung, Abgeordnete der Nationalversammlung und des Reichstages, als Wissenschaftlerin, Politikerin, Publizistin und als Ricarda Huchs Freundin. Das Findbuch ist ein Katalog zum Identifizieren und zum Auffinden einzelner Dokumente und zugleich ein Beitrag zur Biographie der Nachlaßgeberin.The university library at Heidelberg University published a “Catalogue of the Estate of Dr. Marie Baum” (1874–1964. This collection documents her life as pioneer of modern social work, as a leader of the women’s movement, as a politician during the Weimar Republic, a scientist, author and lifelong friend of Ricarda Huch. This catalogue is useful for identifying and finding select documents as well as a contribution to the biographie of Marie Baum.

  4. Border cases between autonomy and relevance: Economic sciences in Berlin--A natural experiment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Düppe, Till

    2015-06-01

    The faculty of economics at today's Humboldt University in Berlin, as no other institution of economics, has witnessed three radical ruptures in its history: in 1933, National Socialism replaced the pluralism prevailing in the Weimar Republic by imposing a "German economics"; after WWII, GDR authorities replaced this NS regime by imposing a Marxist imperative, which after the fall of the wall was replaced by the Western standards of neoclassical economics. In reconstructing these three reforms, institutional history can serve as a context in which questions about the political nature of economic knowledge can be answered that remain speculative in a conceptual context. I thus present a natural experiment in the political epistemology of economics: How do economists respond to, resist, and stabilize, changing political regimes? How do economists renegotiate the autonomy of economic knowledge given changing demands as of its social task? Among others, I show that contrary to Robert Merton's old, but still widely held thesis in political epistemology-that the values of science are compatible only with democratic regimes-the totalitarian and authoritarian regimes created better conditions for methodological pluralism in economics than democratic society. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. De kunst van het verbergen. Een lichtzinnige naziprins en de Nederlandse monarchie (discussiedossier over Bernhard. Een verborgen geschiedenis

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    G. Deneckere

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The Art of Dissimulation: A Frivolous Nazi Prince and the Dutch MonarchyAnnejet van der Zijl’s biography Bernhard. Een verborgen geschiedenis [Bernhard: A Hidden History] deftly interweaves the family history of the ‘Zur Lippe-Biesterfelders’ with the social decline of the minor German aristocracy in the period of the German Empire, World War I and the Weimar Republic. This results in a probing description of a time and a milieu in which anti-democratic, extreme right-wing forces came to full bloom. The exact consequences of Prince Bernhard’s anti-democratic attitude for the Dutch monarchy as an institution are less well examined, however. The fact that Bernhard as a person perhaps did not have character to play the role of dictator, does nothing to lessen the danger posed by the popularity he enjoyed among ‘the people’ in the extreme circumstances of World War II and, more specifically, its final phase.

  6. Reassessing Jacob Strauss and the Mosaic Code

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    Joel McDurmon

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This article reviewed claims made by modern scholars Ford Lewis Battles, G.H. Williams, and Theodore Tappert concerning the views of Jacob Strauss (1480–1530, court preacher at Eisenach, particularly in regard to the imposition of Mosaic Law upon the civil realm. Most pointedly, Battles claims Strauss proposed to replace European civil law completely with the ‘entire Mosaic code’. This study examined Strauss’s relevant writings to determine his position on Mosaic Law and civil law and demonstrated that the claims of Battles, Williams, and Tappert were not supported by the primary source evidence. Selections from Strauss’ 51 theses on usury are translated into English for the first time. To a much lesser degree, this study addressed the issue in regard to the Weimar court preacher Wolfgang Stein, against whom the same claims were made. A paucity of evidence rendered those claims dubious in his case. In the end we were left only with unsubstantiated second-hand claims against these men.

  7. [out of scope].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siegmund-Schultze, Reinhard

    2008-01-01

    The paper discusses several still unsettled and not systematically investigated questions concerning the situation of Jewish scientists, among them mathematicians, in the Republic of Weimar. Contemporary statements by the well-known leftist and liberal journalists Carl von Ossietzky (1932) and Rudolf Olden (1934) are used to describe the general political situation. A wide-spread feeling of a social and political crisis and changes and perturbations in international scientific communication provide explanatory background for the conditions within academia in the 1920s. A comparison of appointments of Jewish mathematicians to full professorships before and after World War I does not give significant differences. Attitudes of Jewish mathematicians such as Felix Bernstein, Richard Courant, Emil Julius Gumbel, Edmund Landau, Richard von Mises, Johann von Neumann and Adolf A. Fraenkel, but also of non-Jewish mathematicians such as Felix Klein, Walther von Dyck and Theodor Vahlen will be discussed, providing some unpublished material. One statement by Felix Klein (1920), which shows his undecided stance with respect to the problem of anti-Semitism, and an excerpt from Richard von Mises' diary (1933), where he reflects on his status as a Jewish mathematician and as a refugee, are particularly valuable as points of reference for necessary further research.

  8. [Werner Villinger and National Socialist medical crimes].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmuhl, H W

    2002-11-01

    The biography of the psychiatrist and neurologist Werner Villinger reflects the ambivalence of the history of German psychiatry during the first half of the twentieth century. Politically committed to the national conservatives, he was attracted by many elements of National Socialist (Nazi) ideology. Still, he joined the party rather late and reluctantly. Villinger was a eugenist by firm conviction. While he still argued against hasty legal regulation of eugenic sterilisations in the Weimar Republic, he strongly moved for translating the law on preventing hereditarily ill progeny into reality in the institution of von Bodelschwingh in Bethel. Since 1941, Villinger, who had become a professor for psychiatry and neurology in Breslau in the meantime, acted as an expert in the framework of the National Socialist "euthanasia" programme. At the same time, however, he supported the quiet diplomacy of Rev. von Bodelschwingh in his attempt to terminate the mass murder. Villinger was also involved in criminal experiments with human beings. After 1945, he successfully continued his career in the Federal Republic of Germany. He never confronted his past during the Third Reich.

  9. ["I am rather satisfied with this interpretation of my dreams." -- real-life and work-related encounters between psychiatrist Johann Christian August Heinroth and poet Johann Wolfgang von Goethe].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmideler, S; Steinberg, H

    2004-09-01

    Apart from being a major pioneer of modern psychiatry, Johann Christian August Heinroth (1773 - 1843) is foremost famous as the first academic teacher, professor of this subject at Leipzig University. Despite his theoretical concepts being thoroughly investigated by medical historians, the fact that his scientific work also brought him in contact with Weimar poet and scientist Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749 - 1832) has up to now not been acknowledged. This paper analyses for the first time the manifold points of contact between the two geniuses. Starting off with a retrospective on Goethe's relationship towards psychiatry in his day, this paper investigates the mutual interconnections and influences between the two. This is achieved by an analysis of yet unknown primary sources as well as Goethe's literary and scientific works. A main emphasis is also placed on Heinroth's Textbook of Anthropology of 1822 in which the psychiatrist laid out his understanding of 'relational thinking' (gegenständliches Denken), a key concept for both. This theory developed from Heinroth's dealing with Goethe's concept of "anschauung" and was to gain major importance not only for his way of gaining knowledge in general but also for his psychiatric concept. Goethe's influence on Heinroth is particularly revealed in the latter's holistic views on mental illnesses. Heinroth's visit to Goethe on 15 September 1827 can be earmarked as a sign of their mutual esteem.

  10. Language and human nature: Kurt Goldstein's neurolinguistic foundation of a holistic philosophy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ludwig, David

    2012-01-01

    Holism in interwar Germany provides an excellent example for social and political influences on scientific developments. Deeply impressed by the ubiquitous invocation of a cultural crisis, biologists, physicians, and psychologists presented holistic accounts as an alternative to the "mechanistic worldview" of the nineteenth century. Although the ideological background of these accounts is often blatantly obvious, many holistic scientists did not content themselves with a general opposition to a mechanistic worldview but aimed at a rational foundation of their holistic projects. This article will discuss the work of Kurt Goldstein, who is known for both his groundbreaking contributions to neuropsychology and his holistic philosophy of human nature. By focusing on Goldstein's neurolinguistic research, I want to reconstruct the empirical foundations of his holistic program without ignoring its cultural background. In this sense, Goldstein's work provides a case study for the formation of a scientific theory through the complex interplay between specific empirical evidences and the general cultural developments of the Weimar Republic. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  11. La recepción de Goethe en Colombia entre dos centenarios (1932- 1940

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    Juan Guillermo Gómez García

    1998-05-01

    Full Text Available El centenario de la muerte de Goethe en 1932 constituyó una ocasión propicia para llamar la atención hacia el "Júpiter de Weimar" en una Colombia que se desperezaba lentamente de la larga siesta "regeneracionista". Por supuesto que-la década de los veinte había conocido en nuestro medio ciertas manifestaciones de vanguardia - León de Greiff y Luis Vidales- como en toda América Latina -el primer Borges anterior a Fervor de Buenos Aires, Vicente Huidobro con su Altazor o Aroldo de Campos-. Sin embargo, la actividad cultural y literaria no llegaba siquiera al discreto nivel crítico que había ejercido el tempranamente desaparecido Carlos Arturo Torres. Con excepción de los escritos de Baldomero Sanín Cano y Antonio Gómez Restrepo- y de algunos artículos que desde Medellín escribía el "semanasanto" de Tomás Carrasquilla, como él mismo se decía, o desde Barranquilla el "sabio catalán" Ramón Vinyes, como quedó retratado en Cien años de soledad- . la actividad crítica era menos que modesta. Casi desdeñable.

  12. Tentativas de desmitologia: a revolução conservadora em Raízes do Brasil

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    Sérgio da Mata

    Full Text Available RESUMO O artigo investiga as conexões existentes entre o jovem intelectual Sérgio Buarque de Holanda e a constelação de autores ligados à chamada "revolução conservadora" alemã da época da República de Weimar. Propõe-se uma interpretação alternativa a respeito dos posicionamentos políticos do jovem historiador paulista, bem como dos temas do personalismo e da cordialidade em sua obra de estreia, por meio da análise de documentos inéditos, do entrecruzamento de seus escritos das décadas de 1920 e 1930 com a primeira edição de Raízes do Brasil, das anotações feitas por ele nos exemplares de sua biblioteca pessoal, e da reconstrução do contexto intelectual e social da Berlim dos anos 1929-1931.

  13. O mal-estar da Gerechtigkeit

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    Luís S. Krausz

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Der Fall Maurizius by Jakob Wassermann was first published in 1928. It is set partly in 1908 Germany and partly during the Weimar Republic. In this work, Wassermann criticizes German pragmatism by depicting the State bur eaucracy as the absolute power over citizens, even after the Imperial Era. Disgusted with the mismanagement of the justice system and with the perverse character of those in charge,  the author renders German pragmatism as non-adherence to the moral values supposedly justifying the State apparatus – in particular, as a breach of the Gerechtigkeit principle. The harmless innocence of the adolescent Etzel von Andergast, the only child of a well-known prosecutor,  highlights this violation of justice. At the same time, Waremme is a sinister character whose Jewish parents fled from Prussian-occupied Poland. He breaks with his ancestors’ moral values and is eager to play a key role in the German Nationalistic movement. However, he feels frustrated with his project of cultural assimilation and is pushed towards the outskirts of a bewildered society. The crisis of values and transgression of justice become the emblems of Wassermann’s generation. 

  14. [A historical perspective on the health of boys and male adolescents (1780-2010)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dinges, Martin

    2010-01-01

    In the discourse on health, boys are emerging as a problem group. In contrast to girls who tended to be seen as fragile if not sickly, boys used to be thought of as strong and healthy. Gender-specific concepts stipulated much more exercise for boys, the masturbation discourse prevented a relaxed relationship to the own body. The paper first describes specific problems in the biography (babies, child labour, tuberculosis, school, fitness for military service) and their solutions up to the time of the Weimar Republic. During and after the two world wars school boys tended to be of poorer health than girls. The consequences of war affect the mental health of (half-) orphans gender-non-specifically up to the third generation. After 1945, attention to health concerns is rather restricted to the professional aptitude of mining trainees, health-related risk behaviour tends to be interpreted in terms of gender. Mothers sought medical advice slightly more frequently on behalf of boys up to puberty. Concerning the time between 1780 and 2010 inferior health is often noticeable in boys and male adolescents. This used to, and still does, apply to babies, child labour, industrial work and occupational accidents, conscription and direct consequences of war. It was mostly due to gender-specific separation of labour, but partly also to a higher risk preference. The gender-specific wider scope for exercise and sports up to the 1960s, in contrast, had a health-promoting effect.

  15. Goethe in the Hall and His Journeys in Printed Rome

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    Victor Plahte Tschudi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The article focuses on graphic reproductions in Johann Wolfgang von Goethe’s 'Italian Journey'. This travel account gives a clear sense of how important prints were as part of Goethe’s education and preparation for the encounter with classical Roman monuments. As the text itself was edited and rewritten thirty to forty years after the journey itself, however, prints also became crucial in the attempt to remember that journey. In other words, the author of the 'Journey', in contrast to the youthful traveler, no longer sees engravings of Rome, but Rome through engravings. The discussion takes as a point of departure Goethe’s vast collection of prints, still kept in Weimar. Measured up against the references in the travel journal, prints not only reflected his impression of monuments, but also structured those impressions, as the elderly man looks back and reassembles his memories to make an official account of his life. However, it is too easy to ascribe this reliance on prints to a fading memory — on the contrary. As he grows into old age, Goethe’s idea of graphic reproduction evolves in parallel with his increasingly refined theories of nature. His growing preference for prints depicted as ruins reflects the aging author’s own sense of change and transformation.

  16. [The influenza pandemic of 1782, with special reference to its occurrence in the Imperial City of Nuremberg].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vasold, Manfred

    2011-01-01

    In Germany, very little research has been done on the flu pandemic of 1782. The year before, in 1781, an epidemic of dysentery had ravaged Central Europe quite seriously. The flu pandemic began in Germany in spring 1782. It took its origin in the Far East, probably in Imperial China. From there it slowly traveled westward and finally hit Russia and Germany. In early 1782, it arrived in eastern Prussia. Mortality rose, in Königsberg (Kaliningrad) mainly people over 30 died. From the German coast on the Baltic Sea the virus soon crossed over to England and Scotland. Within Germany it slowly moved southward, to places like Berlin, Weimar and further south. In Berlin very many people became sick. In spring 1782, in many parts of Germany, from east to west, people were bed-ridden. In Nuremberg, a young doctor described the symptoms of the disease and the therapy he gave to his patients in a pamphlet but apart from that there are few sources. Probably not many people consulted a doctor. Mortality in Nuremberg, it seems, did not rise very much. The city had been in decline since the 1750s, its population now shrunk even further. When this scourge hit Central Europe, the Holy Roman Empire was in decline, after an attack of famine and pestilence in the early 1770s and that epidemic of dysentery in 1781. It finally collapsed some 25 years later, in 1806, and the Imperial City of Nuremberg was absorbed by the Kingdom of Bavaria.

  17. Ernesto Guhl Nimtz: semblanza de un gran geógrafo humanista

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    Camilo Domínguez Ossa

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Una de las figuras más emblemáticas de la cultura colombiana durante el siglo XX fue el geógrafo de origen alemán Ernesto Guhl Nimtz. Nacido en Berlín en 1915, realizó estudios geográficos en su país durante el periodo de la República de Weimar; sin embargo, ante los avances del nazismo y la persecución desatada contra las ideas democráticas en Alemania tomó el camino del exilio. Llega a Colombia para esa época y, a pesar de sus veintidos años, comienza a trabajar con la Sociedad Colombo Alemana de Transporte Aéreo (Scadta, en los trabajos experimentales de aerofotografía que se estaban realizando en el Catatumbo. Los trabajos de campo y el análisis fotogramétrico de esta región y de buena parte del Caribe colombiano le dieron la experiencia  práctica necesaria para comenzar a entender las características del mundo tropical y para entusiasmarlo con las posibilidades investigativas en un país donde casi toda su geografía estaba por conocerse.

  18. Survey Essay 1. Periodizing and Historicizing German Afro-Americanophilia: From Antebellum to Postwar (1850-1965

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    Moritz Ege

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available In this first essay, we delve into significant moments in the history (and pre-history of twentieth century Afro-Americanophilia in Germany. We establish a periodisation stretching from the nineteenth century until the mid-1960s (from which point our second essay will continue, and take in the pre-colonial, the colonial, the Weimar, the Nazi; and the post-war eras.  We draw out some of the particularly significant moments, ruptures, and continuities within that time frame. We also identify some of the salient ways scholars have interpreted ‘Afro-Americanophilia’ during the period.  Focusing on a variety of practices of appropriation, communicative media, actors and forms of agency, power differentials, and sociocultural contexts, we discuss positive images of and affirmative approaches to black people in German culture and in its imaginaries. We attend to who was active in Afro-Americanophilia, in what ways, and what the effects of that agency were. Our main focus is on white German Afro-Americanophiles, but—without attempting to write a history of African Americans, black people in Germany, or Black Germans— we also inquire into the ways that the latter reacted to, suffered under the expectations levied upon them, or were able to engage with the demand for ‘black cultural traffic.’

  19. Retrieval and the development of German federalism in the postwar period

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    O. A. Mayor

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The path to understanding the nature of the German federal state is the analysis of its historical development. The process of establishing the federal structure of the German territory is long and quite complex , due to complex factors of social , legal and political nature. Federal relations on German soil in a given historical period is a reflection of political realities and lessons of the previous state . This paper considers the problem of revival of federal structures in the context of the new German state. Author determined arguments in favor of the federal structure of the state at the time. Established a task that had set the parents creators of the Weimar constitution. It is noted that much attention has been given implementation mechanisms controlling the balance of power and authority , not the vertical distribution of competencies. The features of the functioning of West German federalism. This paper analyzes the main structural problems and dysfunctions in the system of German federalism, which found its expression in the post­war period ; considered federal principles in Eastern Germany, who were in the tension field of centralist ideological trends in the postwar period. The author points out that the revival of German federalism influenced by factors such as domestic and foreign policy issues and concludes on the need for transformation of the federal system.

  20. Polish and German Press Reports on Cooperation between the Foreign Ministers of Both Countries in Resolving the Conflict in Ukraine (February–June 2014

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    Patecka-Frauenfelder Anna

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Polish-German relations in the first half of 2014 were dominated by the Ukraine crisis. This study is an attempt to answer the question of how Polish and German press assessed the cooperation of both countries in resolving the conflict in Ukraine; to what extent the most widely read magazines associated themselves with the decisions of their politicians and the feelings of their own societies and how much understanding they showed for the arguments of their EU partner. The analysis focuses on the unprecedented mission of the Weimar Triangle foreign ministers to Ukraine in February 2014, which led to an agreement between the Ukrainian opposition and President Viktor Yanukovych. A turning point was the visit paid by Radoslaw Sikorski and Frank-Walter Steinmeier to St. Petersburg in June 2014. The next meetings agreed on by EU partners were held without inviting the Polish partner. In view of the speed of events in the selected time interval, the articles subjected to analysis were taken from the most widely read online editions of national daily newspapers in Poland and Germany.

  1. A Lustful Passion for Clarification: Bildung, Aufklärung, and the Sight of Sexual Imagery

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    Stephanie D'Alessandro

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available The equation of education and self-cultivation was an Enlightenment ideal which has become a hallmark of bourgeois culture. Prizing Bildung , the bourgeoisie professed an appreciation for art, music, and literature. Within their libraries, comprehensive scholarly texts intended for academic and well-educated, lay audiences occupied a special place. Marrying illustration with academic investigation, the Sittengeschichte (history of morals could also be found on the bourgeois library shelf and afforded its readers a glimpse into a world outside the strict parameters of bourgeois propriety. During the Weimar Republic, the demand for illustrated Sittengeschichten increased dramatically among the bourgeoisie, meeting their ideal of Bildung and intersecting with the more general eroticization of visual imagery at the time. Images were transformed into legitimate source material through the manner in which they were accessed and controlled by readers; potentially obscene material was domesticated in books by associations of class and culture. However, while they served an instructional need, the books also met an erotic market demand. In considering them, the social needs, sexual anxieties, and bodily desires of reading audiences commingle on these pages, revealing useful insights into the bourgeois institutions of culture and moral order in 1920s Germany.

  2. Brecht e il brechtismo, professionisti e attori-persona, nel solco dei teatri a partecipazione sociale

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    Sara Torrenzieri

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The contemporary theater draws from the world fragments of concrete reality on which it bases both theoretical dynamics and scenic processes, thus allowing professional actors and “social actors” to interact with unprecedented methods. The result is a theater “of the people” embedded in the concept of “presence”. Bertolt Brecht’s theater describes a path that highlights previous forms and motivations for the current interpenetrations. In this contribution, three aspects will be taken into account. First, we identify the premises of Bertolt Brecht’s turning point in previous debates around agitprop groups of the Weimar Republic. Secondly, we will try to examine the statements of the German dramatist in the name of a theory and a practice focused on the “street scene”. Finally, we will evaluate, with a focus on South America and Italy, the contributions provided by Brecht to the development and contamination of theatrical experiences that embrace the realities of living.

  3. Measurement of stray radiation within a scanning proton therapy facility: EURADOS WG9 intercomparison exercise of active dosimetry systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Farah, J., E-mail: jad.farah@irsn.fr; Trompier, F. [Institut de Radioprotection et de Sûreté Nucléaire (IRSN), Pôle Radioprotection de l’Homme, BP17, Fontenay-aux-Roses 92260 (France); Mares, V.; Schinner, K.; Wielunski, M. [Helmholtz Zentrum München, Institute of Radiation Protection, Ingolstädter Landstraße 1, Neuherberg 85764 (Germany); Romero-Expósito, M.; Domingo, C. [Departament de Física, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra E-08193 (Spain); Trinkl, S. [Helmholtz Zentrum München, Institute of Radiation Protection, Ingolstädter Landstraße 1, Neuherberg 85764, Germany and Physik-Department, Technische Universität München, Garching 85748 (Germany); Dufek, V. [Czech Technical University in Prague, FNSPE, Břehová 7, Prague 115 19, Czech Republic and National Radiation Protection Institute, Bartoškova 28, Prague 140 00 (Czech Republic); Klodowska, M.; Liszka, M.; Stolarczyk, L.; Olko, P. [Institute of Nuclear Physics PAN, Radzikowskiego 152, Krakow 31-342 (Poland); Kubancak, J. [Czech Technical University in Prague, FNSPE, Břehová 7, Prague 115 19, Czech Republic and Department of Radiation Dosimetry, Nuclear Physics Institute, Řež CZ-250 68 (Czech Republic); and others

    2015-05-15

    Purpose: To characterize stray radiation around the target volume in scanning proton therapy and study the performance of active neutron monitors. Methods: Working Group 9 of the European Radiation Dosimetry Group (EURADOS WG9—Radiation protection in medicine) carried out a large measurement campaign at the Trento Centro di Protonterapia (Trento, Italy) in order to determine the neutron spectra near the patient using two extended-range Bonner sphere spectrometry (BSS) systems. In addition, the work focused on acknowledging the performance of different commercial active dosimetry systems when measuring neutron ambient dose equivalents, H{sup ∗}(10), at several positions inside (8 positions) and outside (3 positions) the treatment room. Detectors included three TEPCs—tissue equivalent proportional counters (Hawk type from Far West Technology, Inc.) and six rem-counters (WENDI-II, LB 6411, RadEye™ NL, a regular and an extended-range NM2B). Meanwhile, the photon component of stray radiation was deduced from the low-lineal energy transfer part of TEPC spectra or measured using a Thermo Scientific™ FH-40G survey meter. Experiments involved a water tank phantom (60 × 30 × 30 cm{sup 3}) representing the patient that was uniformly irradiated using a 3 mm spot diameter proton pencil beam with 10 cm modulation width, 19.95 cm distal beam range, and 10 × 10 cm{sup 2} field size. Results: Neutron spectrometry around the target volume showed two main components at the thermal and fast energy ranges. The study also revealed the large dependence of the energy distribution of neutrons, and consequently of out-of-field doses, on the primary beam direction (directional emission of intranuclear cascade neutrons) and energy (spectral composition of secondary neutrons). In addition, neutron mapping within the facility was conducted and showed the highest H{sup ∗}(10) value of ∼51 μSv Gy{sup −1}; this was measured at 1.15 m along the beam axis. H{sup ∗}(10) values

  4. [AN OVERALL SOUND PROCESS] Becoming Neoclassical: Instrumentation in the Sketches for Webern's Concerto, Op. 24

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    David H. Miller

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available In September 1928 Anton Webern wrote to publisher Emil Hertzka to report on the composition of a work “in the spirit of some of Bach’s Brandenburg Concertos.” In June 1934 that work stood completed as the Concerto for Nine Instruments, Op. 24. While Op. 24 has been celebrated as a paradigmatic example of Webern’s forward-looking serial techniques, it simultaneously exhibits a strong neoclassical influence, as Kathryn Bailey (1991 has demonstrated in her study of sonata and ritornello principles in the Concerto’s first movement. Neoclassical models may have also played a role in dramatically shifting conceptions of instrumentation and genre evident in sketches from the work’s extended period of composition, during which time it transformed from a piece for large symphonic orchestra, to a concerto for solo piano with orchestral accompaniment, to a concerto grosso with a continuo-like piano part. The dramatic shifts found in the sketches are best understood in relation to Webern’s compositional activities in the decade preceding Op. 24. During this period, Webern revised several of his pre-World War I orchestral compositions, reducing the size and diversity of the ensembles with an eye towards Fasslichkeit (“comprehensibility”; a similar goal motivated the arrangements he produced for Arnold Schoenberg’s Society for Private Musical Performances. When considered alongside an instrumentation-centric view of the sketches for Op. 24, these activities suggest an intriguing view of the Concerto. If its twelve-tone row marks Op. 24 as an apex of Webern’s serial technique, its instrumentation makes it an apex of his neoclassicism.In September 1928 Anton Webern wrote to publisher Emil Hertzka to report on the composition of a work “in the spirit of some of Bach’s Brandenburg Concertos.” In June 1934 that work stood completed as the Concerto for Nine Instruments, Op. 24. While Op. 24 has been celebrated as a paradigmatic example

  5. The epistemology of climate models and some of its implications for climate science and the philosophy of science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katzav, Joel

    2014-05-01

    I bring out the limitations of four important views of what the target of useful climate model assessment is. Three of these views are drawn from philosophy. They include the views of Elisabeth Lloyd and Wendy Parker, and an application of Bayesian confirmation theory. The fourth view I criticise is based on the actual practice of climate model assessment. In bringing out the limitations of these four views, I argue that an approach to climate model assessment that neither demands too much of such assessment nor threatens to be unreliable will, in typical cases, have to aim at something other than the confirmation of claims about how the climate system actually is. This means, I suggest, that the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change's (IPCC's) focus on establishing confidence in climate model explanations and predictions is misguided. So too, it means that standard epistemologies of science with pretensions to generality, e.g., Bayesian epistemologies, fail to illuminate the assessment of climate models. I go on to outline a view that neither demands too much nor threatens to be unreliable, a view according to which useful climate model assessment typically aims to show that certain climatic scenarios are real possibilities and, when the scenarios are determined to be real possibilities, partially to determine how remote they are.

  6. Domestic and public violence in Chrysostom’s community

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    Hennie F. Stander

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Peter Brown describes Late Antiquity as ‘a world characterized by a chilling absence of legal restraints on violence in the exercise of power’. Among numerous studies investigating structural and institutional violence in the ancient world, this article, however, investigates one-on-one violence in private and public spaces in Chrysostom’s community. Chrysostom advises his congregation, for example that should they hear: ’any one in the public thoroughfare,or in the midst of the forum, blaspheming God, they should go up to him, rebuke him, and should it be necessary to inflict blows, they should not spare not to do so (De stat 1.32’. He also considers instances of spousal violence. In one specific case the neighbours came running to the house in response to the cries and wailing of a wife who was beaten by her husband (Hom.1 Cor 26.7. Pauline Allen, Wendy Mayer and others have shown how Chrysostom’s writings act as a window affording us a glimpse of social life in the fourth and the 5th century. Although scholars know that Chrysostom would sometimes make very radical comments merely for rhetorical effect, his writings nevertheless shed light upon the role of violence in his community.

  7. Expresionismo tecnológico: Norman Foster en Hampstead

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    Carlos Solé Bravo

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available En 1978, Norman y Wendy Foster proyectan su propia vivienda en el barrio londinense de Hampstead. A caballo entre el Sainsbury Centre for Visual Arts y el Banco de Hong Kong, esta casa, que no llegó a realizarse, representa el primer y único intento de aplicación en el campo de la arquitectura doméstica de un modelo, “la nave bien servida”, desarrollado por el Team 4 y posteriormente por Foster Associates durante los años sesenta y setenta. La casa de los arquitectos —como en tantos otros casos— permite rastrear, mejor que ninguna otra obra, los referentes, las obsesiones, los sueños y las frustraciones de sus autores. El desarrollo del proyecto refleja la evolución del estudio, inmerso en un intenso debate entre el funcionalismo fabril de “la nave bien servida” y el expresionismo tecnológico del denominado movimiento High-Tech.

  8. Corn content of French fry oil from national chain vs. small business restaurants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jahren, A Hope; Schubert, Brian A

    2010-02-02

    Several issues, ranging from sustainability to health, may interest the consumers in the corn content of their food. However, because restaurants are excluded from the Nutrition Labeling and Education Act of 1990, national chain restaurants provide nonspecific ingredient information and small businesses supply none. We measured the carbon isotope composition of fry oil in French fries purchased from 68 (67%) of the 101 national chain fast food restaurants on Oahu (i.e., McDonald's, Burger King, Wendy's, Arby's, and Jack in the Box), and paired this with a similar number of small businesses (n = 66) to calculate minimum percent contribution of corn to total fry oil. We found that the majority (69%) of the national chain restaurants served fries containing corn oil, whereas this was true for only a minority (20%) of the small businesses. Corn oil is more expensive than soybean oil (for example) when purchased from a small business supplier, suggesting that large-scale corporate agreements are necessary to make corn oil frying cost-effective. When considering French fry oil along with corn-fed beef and chicken, as well as high-fructose corn syrup-sweetened soda, we see the pervasive influence of corn as an ingredient in national chain fast food.

  9. Update on eating disorders: current perspectives on avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder in children and youth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Norris ML

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Mark L Norris,1 Wendy J Spettigue,2 Debra K Katzman3 1Division of Adolescent Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada; 2Department of Psychiatry, Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada; 3Division of Adolescent Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada Abstract: Avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID is a new eating disorder diagnosis that was introduced in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM fifth edition. The fourth edition of the DSM had failed to adequately capture a cohort of children, adolescents, and adults who are unable to meet appropriate nutritional and/or energy needs, for reasons other than drive for thinness, leading to significant medical and/or psychological sequelae. With the introduction of ARFID, researchers are now starting to better understand the presentation, clinical characteristics, and complexities of this disorder. This article outlines the diagnostic criteria for ARFID with specific focus on children and youth. A case example of a patient with ARFID, factors that differentiate ARFID from picky eating, and the estimated prevalence in pediatric populations are discussed, as well as clinical and treatment challenges that impact health care providers providing treatment for patients. Keywords: avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder, ARFID, eating disorder, picky eating, prevalence, treatment

  10. Ocean Health X-Prize testing of a Simplified Spectrophotometric pH Sensor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darlington, R. C.; DeGrandpre, M. D.; Spaulding, R. S.; Beck, J. C.

    2016-02-01

    Since the Industrial Revolution, the world's oceans have absorbed increasing amounts of CO2, resulting in a >0.1 reduction in the pH of surface waters. This acidification of the oceans has many far reaching impacts on marine life. There is, therefore, great need of quality instrumentation to assess and follow the changing carbonate system. To address this need, we have developed a simplified spectrophotometric pH sensor with accuracy and precision suitable for sea surface measurements with special emphasis on reduced size and cost. The reduced size will allow deployment of sensors on a much wider variety of platforms than are currently possible, and the reduced cost will make the instruments available to a broader research community. This prototype pH instrument was entered into the Wendy Schmidt Ocean Health X-Prize, an incentivized global competition to spur innovation in sensors to monitor ocean acidification's impact on marine ecosystems. Results from the three phases of competition which explored accuracy, precision, and stability culminating in a one month field trial are detailed. The prototype proved to be highly accurate (+/-0.009), with good precision (+/-0.004) and stability showing drift indistinguishable from that of the validation measurements. The innovations that enabled this sensor to succeed in the competition could allow for deployment of spectrophotometric sensors on new platforms such as NOAAs Global Drifter Program, a network of non-recovered surface drifting buoys, which would greatly extend the spatial and temporal resolution of ocean acidification measurements.

  11. Bicycles, Airplanes and Peter Pans: Flying Scenes in Steven Spielberg's Films

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emilio Audissino

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available In Steven Spielberg's cinema the flight is a recurring theme. Flying scenes can be sorted into two classes: those involving a realistic flight – by aircraft – and those involving a magical flight – by supernatural powers. The realistic flight is influenced by the war stories of Spielberg's father – a radio man in U.S. Air-force during WWII – and it is featured in such films as Empire of the Sun (1987, Always (1989, and 1941 (1979. The magical flight is influenced by James M. Barries' character Peter Pan (Peter and Wendy, 1911, which is quoted directly in E.T. the Extraterrestrial (1982 and, above all, in Hook (1991, which is a sequel to Barrie's story. These two types of flying scenes are analysed as to their meanings, compared to the models that influenced them, and surveyed as to their evolution across Spielberg's films. A central case study is the episode The Mission from Amazing Stories (1985, in which the realistic and the magical flights overlap.

  12. Early interventions to prevent retinal vasculopathy in diabetes: a review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Harrison WW

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Wendy W Harrison, Vladimir YevseyenkovArizona College of Optometry, Midwestern University, Glendale, AZ, USAAbstract: Diabetic eye disease is a public health concern in all areas of the world as a leading cause of blindness in the working aged to elderly populations. Diabetes damages the lining of the microvasculature throughout the body through prolonged exposure to hyperglycemic conditions. The ocular changes are progressive with very little recourse for improvement once damage begins. Current treatments for the eye focus mainly on the late stages of the disease when neovascularization or edema threatens sight. Early interventions for diabetic vasculopathy involve metabolic therapy to improve blood glucose and blood pressure control. Technology improvements have a large part to play in advancing diagnosis of diabetic eye disease. These new technologies offer both structural and functional means for assessment of retinal health. This review focuses on current treatments for diabetic eye disease at all stages with an emphasis on new and early interventions. It also details established and emerging technologies used for earlier detection of diabetic eye disease, which is vital to the development and approval of much needed treatments targeted at earlier stages of diabetic retinopathy. Possible future treatments should be aimed to prevent retinal vasculopathy from progressing. This review will explore current research on this topic and what is needed moving forward.Keywords: diabetes, diabetic retinopathy, vascular disease

  13. Members of the Forum Engelberg visit CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2002-01-01

    The Forum Engelberg is an annual interdisciplinary conference held in Engelberg, Switzerland intended to act as an international platform for debate and exchange of views on key issues affecting scientific research, technology, economics and philosophy. Its President, Hubert Curien - former French Minister of Research and Space Research, and President of the CERN Council from 1994 to 1996 - is seen here visiting the ATLAS experiment. Photo 01: Hubert Curien (left) with Peter Jenni, spokesman for the ATLAS collaboration, in front of the barrel toroid coil casing for the ATLAS detector. Photo 02: Hubert Curien (left) with Peter Jenni in front of the liquid-argon barrel cryostat in the ATLAS assembly hall. Photo 03: Hubert Curien (left) and Peter Jenni in front of the liquid-argon barrel electromagnetic calorimeter in the ATLAS assembly hall. Photo 04: Hubert Curien (centre), Peter Jenni and Wendy Korda in front of a barrel toroid coil casing in the ATLAS assembly hall. Photo 06: Hubert Curien (left) and Peter J...

  14. Observation of a Dissipation-Induced Classical to Quantum Transition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raftery, James; Sadri, Darius; Schmidt, Sebastian; Türeci, Hakan; Houck, Andrew

    2014-03-01

    The emergence of non-trivial structure in many-body physics has been a central topic of research bearing on many branches of science. Important recent work has explored the nonequilibrium quantum dynamics of closed many-body systems. With the rapid technological advances in solid state quantum optics, it is now possible to experimentally study strongly correlated photons, and to build model systems whose open nature gives rise to rich emergent behavior. We report the experimental observation of a novel dissipation driven dynamical localization transition of strongly correlated photons in an extended superconducting circuit. Interaction with an environment has been argued to provide a mechanism for the emergence of classical behavior from a quantum system. Surprisingly, homodyne measurements reveal the observed localization transition to be from a regime of classical oscillations into a macroscopically self-trapped state manifesting revivals, a fundamentally quantum phenomenon. This experiment also demonstrates a new class of scalable quantum simulators with well controlled coherent and dissipative dynamics suited to the study of quantum many-body phenomena out of equilibrium. Supported by The Eric and Wendy Schmidt Transformative Technology Fund, the US National Science Foundation, the David and Lucile Packard Foundation, and the US Army Research Office.

  15. STS-114 Flight Day 9 Highlights

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-01-01

    The highlight of Day 9 is the third extravehicular activity (EVA) of the STS-114 mission (Commander Eileen Collins, Pilot James Kelly, Mission Specialists Soichi Noguchi, Stephen Robinson, Andrew Thomas, Wendy Lawrence, and Charles Camarda). Astronauts Noguchi and Robinson are seen preparing for the EVA in the closed payload bay of Space Shuttle Discovery; on the EVA they install on the International Space Station (ISS) a Materials on the International Space Station Experiments (MISSE) unit, an External Stowage Platform (ESP-2), and a wireless antenna. The astronauts are seen working on the ISS under different lighting conditions, and use a pistol-grip tool to remove ESP-2 from the shuttle payload bay. The Space Station Remote Manipulator System then carries Robinson to the underside of the Discovery orbiter, where he communicates with Mission Control during the delicate and unprecedented removal of gap fillers from between the shuttle's tiles. Before and the after the EVA the video includes views of a damaged thermal blanket beneath the shuttle cockpit window. Other views of the shuttle include pans along the underside and topside by the Orbiter Boom Sensor System. The video also includes a view from orbit of Kazakhstan.

  16. Ottawa Model of Implementation Leadership and Implementation Leadership Scale: mapping concepts for developing and evaluating theory-based leadership interventions [Corrigendum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gifford W

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Gifford W, Graham ID, Ehrhart MG, Davies BL, Aarons GA.Journal of Healthcare Leadership. 2017;9:15–23.Page 15, the author affiliation section is incorrect. The correctauthor affiliations are shown below.Wendy Gifford1,2Ian D Graham1,3,4Mark G Ehrhart5Barbara L Davies1,2Gregory A Aarons6,71School of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, University ofOttawa, ON, Canada; 2Nursing Best Practice Research Center,University of Ottawa, ON, Canada; 3Centre for Practice-ChangingResearch, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Ottawa, ON,Canada; 4School of Epidemiology, Public Health and PreventiveMedicine, Facility of Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa,ON, Canada; 5Department of Psychology, San Diego StateUniversity, San Diego, CA, USA; 6Department of Psychiatry,University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA; 7Child andAdolescent Services Research Center, San D iego, CA, USA Read the original article

  17. CERN television news

    CERN Multimedia

    2002-01-01

    CERN events brought right to your desktop by the new video bulletin.   CERN now has its very own news broadcast , or rather 'webcast', with a host of special reports and even a star presenter. From today onwards, just go to the Bulletin's web page, click on the 'video news' link and sit back and enjoy the latest news about CERN, presented in images by Wendy Korda. The ten-minute newscast in both French and English, the Organization's two official languages, presents interviews, pictures of experiments and computer-generated graphics, bringing you right up to date with some of the Laboratory's latest stories. The show concludes with a selection of the best snapshots taken by the CERN Photo Lab. So every one or two months CERN's Audio-Video Service (ETT/DH) will be putting together a video news report that you can watch on your own desktop computer. Daniel Boileau, Patrick Gilbert de Vautibault and Jacques Fichet, the Service's three technicians, came up with the idea of producing this regular feat...

  18. Consumers' estimation of calorie content at fast food restaurants: cross sectional observational study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Block, Jason P; Condon, Suzanne K; Kleinman, Ken; Mullen, Jewel; Linakis, Stephanie; Rifas-Shiman, Sheryl; Gillman, Matthew W

    2013-05-23

    To investigate estimation of calorie (energy) content of meals from fast food restaurants in adults, adolescents, and school age children. Cross sectional study of repeated visits to fast food restaurant chains. 89 fast food restaurants in four cities in New England, United States: McDonald's, Burger King, Subway, Wendy's, KFC, Dunkin' Donuts. 1877 adults and 330 school age children visiting restaurants at dinnertime (evening meal) in 2010 and 2011; 1178 adolescents visiting restaurants after school or at lunchtime in 2010 and 2011. Estimated calorie content of purchased meals. Among adults, adolescents, and school age children, the mean actual calorie content of meals was 836 calories (SD 465), 756 calories (SD 455), and 733 calories (SD 359), respectively. A calorie is equivalent to 4.18 kJ. Compared with the actual figures, participants underestimated calorie content by means of 175 calories (95% confidence interval 145 to 205), 259 calories (227 to 291), and 175 calories (108 to 242), respectively. In multivariable linear regression models, underestimation of calorie content increased substantially as the actual meal calorie content increased. Adults and adolescents eating at Subway estimated 20% and 25% lower calorie content than McDonald's diners (relative change 0.80, 95% confidence interval 0.66 to 0.96; 0.75, 0.57 to 0.99). People eating at fast food restaurants underestimate the calorie content of meals, especially large meals. Education of consumers through calorie menu labeling and other outreach efforts might reduce the large degree of underestimation.

  19. Conference for Undergraduate Women in Physics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bonnie Fleming

    2009-04-01

    The Yale Conference for Undergraduate Women in Physics was held on January 18th and 19th, 2008. The conference, targeted toward undergraduates in the Northeast, was a huge success. It was well attended by both a slate of impressive speakers including Janet Conrad, Mildred Dresselhaus, Elsa Garmire, Howard Georgi, Liz Rhodes, Meg Urry and Wendy Zhang, and many interested attendees. Talks were on current research, about issues for women in physics, and on the application process for graduate school. There was also a career panel, student talks, and a student poster session. The conference ran concurrently with the third annual conference at USC, as well as a first annual conference at the University of Michigan. Our purpose in creating this conference was to provide a supportive atmosphere for young physicists to connect with peers and with successful women in the field. We hope that from this conference, attendees have become confident and knowledgeable about applying to graduate school and be further inspired to pursue a career in physics. The following describes the conference program, participation and impact, logistics of running the conference and plans for the future.

  20. Authoritarian populism contra "Bildung": anti-intellectualism and the neoliberal assault on the Liberal Arts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeremiah Morelock

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available A synergistic movement is taking place in American society combining authoritarian populism, the neoliberal transformation of the university, and anti-intellectualism. In the first part of this paper, I pin my notion of intellectualism (and hence anti-intellectualism to a specific frame of reference, namely the German notion of "Bildung" as it is discussed in writings of Nietzsche and Adorno, which I associate loosely with the traditional American liberal arts model of higher education. In the second part of the paper, I outline the neoliberal assault on the liberal arts, rooting my analysis in Wendy Brown’s work, which is influenced by Foucault. In the third part of the paper, I describe the relationship of this anti-intellectualism to the rise of populism and the threat of authoritarianism in the United States. In the final section I tie the discussion into the general analysis of Horkheimer and Adorno’s analysis of fascist tendencies in liberal-democracies, emphasizing the continued relevance of their ideas to contemporary developments in education and beyond. Keywords: Liberal arts; Neoliberalism; Intellectuals; Populism; Authoritarianism.

  1. STS-114 Flight Day 11 Highlights

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-01-01

    Flight Day 11 begins with the STS-114 crew of Space Shuttle Discovery (Commander Eileen Collins, Pilot James Kelly, Mission Specialists Soichi Noguchi, Stephen Robinson, Andrew Thomas, Wendy Lawrence, and Charles Camarda) awaking to "Anchors Away," to signify the undocking of the Raffaello Multipurpose Logistics Module (MPLM) from the International Space Station (ISS). Canadarm 2, the Space Station Remote Manipulator System (SSRMS), retrieves the Raffaello Multipurpose Logistics Module (MPLM) from the nadir port of the Unity node of the ISS and returns it to Discovery's payload bay. The Shuttle Remote Manipulator System (SRMS) hands the Orbiter Boom Sensor System (OBSS) to its counterpart, the SSRMS, for rebearthing in the payload bay as well. The rebearthing of the OBSS is shown in detail, including centerline and split-screen views. Collins sends a message to her husband, and talks with Representative Tom DeLay (R-TX). Earth views include the Amalfi coast of Italy. The ISS control room bids farewell to the STS-114 crew and the Expedition 11 crew (Commander Sergei Krikalev and NASA ISS Science Officer and Flight Engineer John Phillips) of the ISS.

  2. STS-114 Flight Day 6 Highlights

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-01-01

    Day 6 is a relatively quiet day for the STS-114 crew. The main responsibility for crew members of Space Shuttle Discovery (Commander Eileen Collins, Pilot James Kelly, Mission Specialists Soichi Noguchi, Stephen Robinson, Andrew Thomas, Wendy Lawrence, and Charles Camarda) and the Expedition 11 crew of the International Space Station (ISS) (Commander Sergei Krikalev and NASA ISS Science Officer and Flight Engineer John Phillips) is to unload supplies from the shuttle payload bay and from the Raffaello Multipurpose Logistics Module onto the ISS. Several of the astronauts answer interview questions from the news media, with an emphasis on the significance of their mission for the Return to Flight, shuttle damage and repair, and the future of the shuttle program. Thomas announces the winners of an essay contest for Australian students about the importance of science and mathematics education. The video includes the installation of a stowage rack for the Human Research Facility onboard the ISS, a brief description of the ISS modules, and an inverted view of the Nile Delta.

  3. STS-114 Flight Day 12 Highlights

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-01-01

    Flight Day 12 features a night undocking of Space Shuttle Discovery (Commander Eileen Collins, Pilot James Kelly, Mission Specialists Soichi Noguchi, Stephen Robinson, Andrew Thomas, Wendy Lawrence, and Charles Camarda) from the International Space Station (ISS). The STS-114 crew and the Expedition 11 crew of the ISS (Commander Sergei Krikalev and NASA ISS Science Officer and Flight Engineer John Phillips) bid each other farewell. Prior to the undocking, Discovery and Mission Control are heard discussing troubleshooting of an oxygen flow sensor. Crew preparations for undocking are also heard. After the spacecraft are shown separating, Collins discusses with Mission Control possible debris seen on a monitor. The video includes several scenes of the ISS from the shuttle orbiter, one with Kazakhstan and another with the Himalayas in the background, and another shot with a hand-held camera by Noguchi. Other Earth views include the Sinai Peninsula and Nile Delta in Egypt, a storm at sea, and a black and white view of the Southern Lights over Australia.

  4. STS-114 Flight Day 10 Highlights

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-01-01

    On Flight Day 10 of the STS-114 mission the International Space Station (ISS) is seen in low lighting while the Space Station Remote Manipulator System (SSRMS), also known as Canadarm 2 grapples the Raffaello Multipurpose Logistics Module (MPLM) in preparation for its undocking the following day. Members of the shuttle crew (Commander Eileen Collins, Pilot James Kelly, Mission Specialists Soichi Noguchi, Stephen Robinson, Andrew Thomas, Wendy Lawrence, and Charles Camarda) and the Expedition 11 crew (Commander Sergei Krikalev and NASA ISS Science Officer and Flight Engineer John Phillips) of the ISS read statements in English and Russian in a ceremony for astronauts who gave their lives. Interview segments include one of Collins, Robinson, and Camarda, wearing red shirts to commemorate the STS-107 Columbia crew, and one of Collins and Noguchi on board the ISS, which features voice over from an interpreter translating questions from the Japanese prime minister. The video also features a segment showing gap fillers on board Discovery after being removed from underneath the orbiter, and another segment which explains an experimental plug for future shuttle repairs being tested onboard the mid deck.

  5. STS-114 Flight Day 3 Highlights

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-01-01

    Video coverage of Day 3 includes highlights of STS-114 during the approach and docking of Discovery with the International Space Station (ISS). The Return to Flight continues with space shuttle crew members (Commander Eileen Collins, Pilot James Kelly, Mission Specialists Soichi Noguchi, Stephen Robinson, Andrew Thomas, Wendy Lawrence, and Charles Camarda) seen in onboard activities on the fore and aft portions of the flight deck during the orbiter's approach. Camarda sends a greeting to his family, and Collins maneuvers Discovery as the ISS appears steadily closer in sequential still video from the centerline camera of the Orbiter Docking System. The approach includes video of Discovery from the ISS during the orbiter's Rendezvous Pitch Maneuver, giving the ISS a clear view of the thermal protection systems underneath the orbiter. Discovery docks with the Destiny Laboratory of the ISS, and the shuttle crew greets the Expedition 11 crew (Commander Sergei Krikalev and NASA ISS Science Officer and Flight Engineer John Phillips) of the ISS onboard the station. Finally, the Space Station Remote Manipulator System hands the Orbiter Boom Sensor System to its counterpart, the Shuttle Remote Manipulator System.

  6. Critical role for BIM in T cell receptor restimulation-induced death

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fleisher Thomas A

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Upon repeated or chronic antigen stimulation, activated T cells undergo a T cell receptor (TCR-triggered propriocidal cell death important for governing the intensity of immune responses. This is thought to be chiefly mediated by an extrinsic signal through the Fas-FasL pathway. However, we observed that TCR restimulation still potently induced apoptosis when this interaction was blocked, or genetically impaired in T cells derived from autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome (ALPS patients, prompting us to examine Fas-independent, intrinsic signals. Results Upon TCR restimulation, we specifically noted a marked increase in the expression of BIM, a pro-apoptotic Bcl-2 family protein known to mediate lymphocyte apoptosis induced by cytokine withdrawal. In fact, T cells from an ALPS type IV patient in which BIM expression is suppressed were more resistant to restimulation-induced death. Strikingly, knockdown of BIM expression rescued normal T cells from TCR-induced death to as great an extent as Fas disruption. Conclusion Our data implicates BIM as a critical mediator of apoptosis induced by restimulation as well as growth cytokine withdrawal. These findings suggest an important role for BIM in eliminating activated T cells even when IL-2 is abundant, working in conjunction with Fas to eliminate chronically stimulated T cells and maintain immune homeostasis. Reviewers This article was reviewed by Dr. Wendy Davidson (nominated by Dr. David Scott, Dr. Mark Williams (nominated by Dr. Neil Greenspan, and Dr. Laurence C. Eisenlohr.

  7. Impact response of US Army and National Football League helmet pad systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moss, W C; King, M J

    2011-02-18

    Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory [LLNL] was tasked to compare the impact response of NFL helmet pad systems and U.S. Army pad systems compatible with an Advanced Combat Helmet [ACH] at impact velocities up to 20 ft/s. This was a one-year study funded by the U.S. Army and JIEDDO. The Army/JIEDDO point of contact is COL R. Todd Dombroski, DO, JIEDDO Surgeon. LLNL was chosen by committee to perform the research based on prior published computational studies of the mechanical response of helmets and skulls to blast. Our collaborators include the U.S. Army Aeromedical Research Laboratory [USAARL] (a DoD laboratory responsible for impact testing helmets), Team Wendy and Oregon Aero (current and former ACH pad manufacturers), Riddell and Xenith (NFL pad manufacturers), and d3o (general purpose sports pad manufacturer). The manufacturer-supplied pad systems that were studied are shown in the figure below. The first two are the Army systems, which are bilayer foam pads with both hard and soft foam and a water-resistant airtight wrapper (Team Wendy) or a water-resistant airtight coating (Oregon Aero). The next two are NFL pad systems. The Xenith system consists of a thin foam pad and a hollow air-filled cylinder that elastically buckles under load. The Riddell system is a bilayer foam pad that is encased in an inflatable airbag with relief channels to neighboring pads in the helmet. The inflatable airbag is for comfort and provides no enhancement to impact mitigation. The d3o system consists of a rate-sensitive homogeneous dense foam. LLNL performed experiments to characterize the material properties of the individual foam materials and the response of the complete pad systems, to obtain parameters needed for the simulations. LLNL also performed X-ray CT scans of an ACH helmet shell that were used to construct a geometrically accurate computational model of the helmet. Two complementary sets of simulations were performed. The first set of simulations reproduced the

  8. An observational study of consumer use of fast-food restaurant drive-through lanes: implications for menu labelling policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberto, Christina A; Hoffnagle, Elena; Bragg, Marie A; Brownell, Kelly D

    2010-11-01

    Some versions of restaurant menu labelling legislation do not require energy information to be posted on menus for drive-through lanes. The present study was designed to quantify the number of customers who purchase fast food through drive-in windows as a means of informing legislative labelling efforts. This was an observational study. The study took place at two McDonald's and Burger King restaurants, and single Dairy Queen, Kentucky Fried Chicken, Taco Bell and Wendy's restaurants. The number of customers entering the chain restaurants and purchasing food via the drive-through lane were recorded. A total of 3549 patrons were observed. The percentage of customers who made their purchases at drive-throughs was fifty-seven. The overall average (57 %) is likely a conservative estimate because some fast-food restaurants have late-night hours when only the drive-throughs are open. Since nearly six in ten customers purchase food via the drive-through lanes, menu labelling legislation should mandate the inclusion of menu labels on drive-through menu boards to maximise the impact of this public health intervention.

  9. New and newer[The New Physics for the Twenty-First Century

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Clark, C. [Electron and Optical Physics Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology, MD (United States)]. E-mail: clark@mail.nist.gov

    2006-09-15

    Stephen Hawking's inaugural lecture as Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at Cambridge University in 1980 caused quite a stir. Its title - 'Is the end in sight for theoretical physics?' - raised the prospect of a unified 'theory of everything'. Hawking suggested that there was a good chance of resolving the remaining inconsistencies between the two big 'theories of something' - quantum mechanics and general relativity - before the turn of the century. My first impression on reading The New Physics for the Twenty-First Century, a collection of essays edited by science journalist Gordon Fraser, is that a theory of everything may still be attainable by the turn of the century. However, there is now 20 times more of everything in the universe than there was in the past century, 95% of which no-one has ever actually seen, or had even heard of until a few years ago - as summarized in articles by Wendy Freedman, Edward Kolb and Ronald Adler. Despite this, Michael Green describes amazing developments in string theory that could tie everything together, if one could just figure out which, if any, of the apparently infinite varieties of string theory applies to our world, and why. (U.K.)

  10. Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    1990-06-01

    Full Text Available Michael Issacharoff. Discourse as Performance . Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1989. vii + 161 pp. Reviewed by Gerald Prince, University of Pennsylvania Thomas M. Kavanagh, ed. The Limits of Theory . Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1989. 254 pp. Reviewed by André J.M. Prévos, Pennsylvania State University, Worthington Scranton Campus Wendy B. Faris. Labyrinths of Language: Symbolic Landscape and Narrative Design in Modern Fiction . Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins Press, 1988. 242 pp. Reviewed by Carol Rigolot, Princeton University Eve Tavor Bannet. Structuralism and the Logic of Dissent: Barthes, Derrida, Foucault, Lacan . Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1989. 299 pp. Reviewed by Andrew J. McKenna, Loyoyla University of Chicago Gary Saul Morson and Caryl Emerson, eds. Rethinking Bakhtin: Extensions and Challenges . Evanston: Northwestern University Press, 1989. Reviewed by Lewis Bagby, University of Wyoming Fernando Moreno. Carlos Fuentes. La mort d'Artemio Cruz: entre le mythe et l'histoire . Paris: Editions Caribeennes, 1989. Reviewed by Susan Levine, Lawrence, Kansas

  11. Childhood maltreatment as a risk factor for COPD: findings from a population-based survey of Canadian adults

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shields ME

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Margot E Shields, Wendy E Hovdestad, Charles P Gilbert, Lil E Tonmyr Public Health Agency of Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada Objective: The aim of this study was to examine the associations between childhood maltreatment (CM and COPD in adulthood.Methods: Data were from 15,902 respondents to the 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey – Mental Health. Multiple logistic regression models were used to examine associations between CM and COPD and the role of smoking and mental and substance use variables as mediators in associations.Results: COPD in adulthood was related to CM, with associations differing by sex. Among females, COPD was related to childhood physical abuse (CPA, childhood sexual abuse, and childhood exposure to intimate partner violence, but in the fully adjusted models, the association with CPA did not persist. Among males, COPD was related to childhood exposure to intimate partner violence and severe and frequent CPA, but these associations did not persist in the fully adjusted models.Conclusion: Results from this study establish CM as a risk factor for COPD in adulthood. A large part of the association is attributable to cigarette smoking, particularly for males. These findings underscore the importance of interventions to prevent CM as well as programs to assist victims of CM in dealing with tobacco addiction. Keywords: child abuse, cigarette, smoking, physical abuse, sexual abuse, intimate partner violence, domestic violence, family violence

  12. Spatial Montage and Multimedia Ethnography: Using Computers to Visualise Aspects of Migration and Social Division Among a Displaced Community

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Judith Aston

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses how computer-based techniques of spatial montage can be used to visualise aspects of migration and social division among a displaced community. It is based on an ongoing collaboration between the author and the anthropologist, Wendy JAMES. The work is based on a substantial archive of ethnographic photographs, audio, cine and video recordings collected by JAMES in the Sudan/Ethiopian borderlands over four decades. Initially recording the way of life of several minority peoples, she was later able to follow their fortunes during the repeated war displacements and separations they suffered from the 1980s onwards. The recordings document work rhythms, dance, song and storytelling, music and other sensory rich performances alongside spoken memories of past events. The research is developing spatial montage techniques to draw comparisons across time, between multiple points of view, and between recordings of events and spoken memories of these events. It is argued that these techniques can be used to facilitate direct engagement with ethnographic recordings, creating multimedia experiences which can flexibly integrate fieldwork data into academic discourse. In so doing it is proposed that these techniques offer new tools to enhance the analysis and understanding of issues relating to migration and social division. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs1002361

  13. Iconos de la ley, literaturas del desastre. La figura de Moisés en la obra de Schönberg y Thomas Mann

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    Bayón, Fernando

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available This essay is an attempt of interpretation of the figure of Moses as elaborated in Thomas Mann’s short story “The Law”, and Arnold Schönberg’s opera “Moses und Aron”. In the case Schönberg’s, the dramatical recuperation of the jewish legislator –and his brother– results in an attempt of responding to the crisis of the Republic of Weimar from his “exile” in Berlin (1924-1933. Thomas Mann, for his part, came back to the fictional figure of Moses once living in his californian exile (1943, and used this mythos as a means of responding to Hitler’s dictatorship. The text arises why in historical situations of a very serious gravity, such a great artists like Mann or Schönberg decide to revert to narrate the mosaic mythos. We are specially concerned by a problem of major ethical and political implications: What are the forces needed to achieve a common ethos? And what are the violences avoided by this search for a moral link protagonized by an oppressed people?Este texto pretende acercarse a la figura de Moisés tal como se elabora en el relato “La ley” de Thomas Mann (1943, y la ópera “Moisés y Aarón” de Arnold Schönberg (1932. En el caso de Schönberg, la recuperación del legislador judío resulta en un esfuerzo por responder a la crisis de la república de Weimar desde su exilio berlinés. Thomas Mann, por su parte, vuelve tras el mito de Moisés desde su exilio estadounidense, como respuesta a la dictadura nacionalsocialista. El ensayo se plantea por qué en situaciones históricas de una gravedad tan crítica el arte decide volver a narrar el mito mosaico. Especialmente nos interesa estudiar la actualidad que le conceden tanto Mann como Schönberg al problema y el método de la imposición del monoteísmo a través de la fuerza moralizadora de la Ley, en competición con el pluralismo de dioses, imágenes y normas del pueblo. Intentaremos mostrar cómo ambos artistas intentan responder a un problema de gran

  14. Humidity sorption on natural building stone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Franzen, C.; Mirwald, P.

    2003-04-01

    processes, physical, chemical or biological, depend on the presence of water. Like most porous materials building stone respond on humidity by water uptake. The sorption isotherm represents the equilibrium moisture, specific for each material. The determination of the isotherm for stone of low and small porosity like marble is difficult. With the help of a newly developed water sorption analysis chamber [2], which allows the simultaneous measurement of 11 samples, good results on stone/rock samples have been obtained. Even at marble species with pore volumes lower than 0.4 % isotherms are measured. This analytical method offers new insights in the pore behaviour of low porosity materials. The advantages of this technique which supplements other techniques (e.g. BET, Hg-porosimetry) are: i) the testing agent is identical to the weathering agent, water; ii) the atmospheric parameters at the measurement reflect the natural conditions - thus no changes to the material properties have to be considered; iii) due to the small diameter of the water molecule (~0.28 nm), smaller pores are reached than e.g. with N2 (~0.31 nm). Sorption isotherms of sandstone (Baumberg, Obernkirchen, Groeden), granite (Brixen), and marble (Sterzing, Laas) are presented. Particular as to marbles the resolution is considerably higher. A previously observed negative hysteresis [3] seems an effect due to limited data resolution. [1] Snethlage, R. (1984) Steinkonservierung, Bayer. LA Denkmalpflege, Ah. 22, 203 S. [2] Griesser, U.J., Dillenz, J. (2002) Neuartiges, vollautomatisches Feuchtesorptionsprüfgerät mit hohem Probendurchsatz, Feuchtetag 2002, Weimar, 85-93. [3] Fimmel, R. (1996) Verwitterungsverhalten der alpinen Marmore von Laas und Sterzing, Diss. Univ. Ibk, 116 S.

  15. LAS CIUDADES LATINOAMERICANAS A TRAVÉS DEL `ESPACIO- TIEMPO´

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    TOMADONI CLAUDIA

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo aborda el seminario “La ciudad latino- americana a través del espacio- tiempo” que tuvo lugar durante el semestre de invierno 2007/2008 en el Instituto de Urbanística Europea, de la Bauhaus- Universidad de Weimar. Su intención era básicamente introducir la metodología de Milton Santos, analizar la historia y la geografía de algunas ciudades latino- americanas a través de estudios de casos y estimular la producción científica escrita. En Alemania, el pensamiento de Milton Santos no es muy conocido hasta el momento y por ello, creímos que con esta instancia de enseñanza- investigación, colaboraríamos con su difusión. Participaron estudiantes de posgrado de Latinoamérica y de países del Este Europeo. Esa combinación especial de participantes resultó sumamente interesante no sólo por las diferentes miradas interculturales, sino también por la similitud de problemas urbanos que se encontraron en los dos grupos de países y para los cuales, los conceptos de Santos resultaron adecuados. El resultado final fue la producción de cinco artículos sobre las ciudades de México, La Habana, Caracas, Bogotá y Medellín. Estos artículos, basados en una visión interpretativa del espacio urbano de Santos, son interesantes para la investigación ambiental urbana.

  16. Bridging the Gap: Enriching YouTube Videos with Jazz Music Annotations

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    Stefan Balke

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available Web services allow permanent access to music from all over the world. Especially in the case of web services with user-supplied content, e.g., YouTube™, the available metadata is often incomplete or erroneous. On the other hand, a vast amount of high-quality and musically relevant metadata has been annotated in research areas such as Music Information Retrieval (MIR. Although they have great potential, these musical annotations are often inaccessible to users outside the academic world. With our contribution, we want to bridge this gap by enriching publicly available multimedia content with musical annotations available in research corpora, while maintaining easy access to the underlying data. Our web-based tools offer researchers and music lovers novel possibilities to interact with and navigate through the content. In this paper, we consider a research corpus called the Weimar Jazz Database (WJD as an illustrating example scenario. The WJD contains various annotations related to famous jazz solos. First, we establish a link between the WJD annotations and corresponding YouTube videos employing existing retrieval techniques. With these techniques, we were able to identify 988 corresponding YouTube videos for 329 solos out of 456 solos contained in the WJD. We then embed the retrieved videos in a recently developed web-based platform and enrich the videos with solo transcriptions that are part of the WJD. Furthermore, we integrate publicly available data resources from the Semantic Web in order to extend the presented information, for example, with a detailed discography or artists-related information. Our contribution illustrates the potential of modern web-based technologies for the digital humanities, and novel ways for improving access and interaction with digitized multimedia content.

  17. The Forman Thesis: 40 Years After

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carson, Cathryn; Kojevnikov, Alexei; Trischler, Helmuth

    Forty years ago, in 1971, Paul Forman published Weimar Culture, Causality, and Quantum Theory, 1918-1927: Adaptation by German Physicists and Mathematicians to a Hostile Intellectual Environment. His landmark study (too long, too thorough and too fundamental to be called simply an article) became immediately famous, and famously controversial. It has remained at the heart of debates about the historical relationship between science and culture ever since. The controversy surrounding the Forman Thesis was practically unavoidable, for Forman's work put forward and placed at the centre of a broader discussion the argument that the cultural values prevalent in a given place and time could influence the results of discipline-bound research, i.e. the very content of scientific knowledge. This idea, if still controversial, has since become commonly used in cultural studies of science, but at the time of its introduction it created uproar as it explicitly contradicted generally accepted and cherished beliefs about science. Yet tectonic shifts were already underway, if not always visible, that would eventually put those very beliefs into question. The Forman study both reflected and forwarded these shifts in our general perspectives on the nature and practice of science. Despite some heated objections to its findings, Forman's work has fundamentally changed directions of research in the history, sociology and philosophy of science and established itself as a classic in this group of fields, sometimes collectively called science studies. In subsequent decades it has been read and discussed in practically every graduate program that trains students in those fields, circulating in numerous copies and translated into many languages, while the original publication in the journal Historical Studies in the Physical Sciences has long become a bibliographic rarity…

  18. CARLO AYMONINO (ed: LA VIVIENDA RACIONAL. PONENCIAS DE LOS CONGRESOS CIAM 1929-1930

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    Alfonso del Pozo y Barajas

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN El libro que les presento, reproduce las ponencias de los congresos CIAM de Frankfurt (1929 y Bruselas (1930, los dos que siguieron al fundacional que tuvo lugar en el castillo de La Sarraz en el año 1928. Aymonino nos ofrece una larga introducción –cien páginas– en la que revisa tres experiencias europeas anteriores sobre el problema de la vivienda obrera que, sin duda, informaron a los ponentes de ambos CIAM.En primer lugar, las actividades municipales en materia de vivienda que tuvieron lugar en la Viena postbélica: Viena la Roja. Sigue luego el análisis de la gestación del Gran Berlín y la construcción de las siedlungen de la República de Weimar. La obligada referencia a la experiencia soviética de creación de ciudades y de viviendas colectivas para el proletariado cierra esta terna asombrosa de movimientos políticos y sociales que marcaron la Europa de entreguerras.La pertinencia de desempolvar sus Actas y publicarlas de nuevo en 1971 radica, según Aymonino, en una constatación irrefutable: desde 1930 no se han producido avances significativos en la investigación arquitectónica sobre el problema de la vivienda, de tal modo que los prototipos mostrados en Frankfurt no han sido superados. Releer las ponencias y reexaminar las plantas de las viviendas aportadas es, pues, el punto de partida indispensable para abrir una nueva etapa en la formación de conocimiento sobre una cuestión aún irresuelta.

  19. Social individualism: Walter Gropius and his appropriation of Franz Müller-Lyer's idea of a new man.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poppelreuter, Tanja

    2011-01-01

    In 1929, Walter Gropius developed the "High-Rise Steel Frame Apartment Building" that was based on theories about the emergence of a New Man put forward by sociologist Franz Müller-Lyer. In his lecture at the Congrès International d’Architecture Moderne conference in 1929, Gropius appropriated Müller-Lyer's sociology in order to promote and prompt the re-development of high-rise tenements and master households. Gropius’ 1931 contribution to the Deutsche Bauausstellung in Berlin incorporated a full-scale community lounge and a recreation area with sporting equipment, as well as a model and plans for a "High-Rise Steel Frame Apartment Building" that were designed in accordance with Müller-Lyer's theories. While it shows Müller-Lyer's influence, the boxing equipment found in the recreation area reflects the importance that sport, and boxing in particular, had gained after 1900. Boxing was perceived as a sport that would not only further fitness but also raise the spirits and help the inhabitant to succeed in the modern urban environment. By providing boxing equipment, Müller-Lyer's vision, which envisaged master households as furthering a community of peaceful individuals living in a condition of mutual trust, is weakened. In 1923, the sociologist Helmuth Plessner had regarded utopian visions of ideal communities as antithesis to actual events in the Weimar Republic. The embracing of theories that promised an evolutionary and linear development towards peaceful communities can be regarded as a counterreaction to a present that was perceived as an imperfect and temporary condition. Furthermore, Gropius’ appropriation of Müller-Lyer's sociology not only helped to distinguish his position from Marxist and socialist theories but also illustrated the contemporary tendency to accept utopian ideas while simultaneously doubting the practicality of some.

  20. The role of Germany in resolving the ukrainian crisis

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    Olena L. Hilchenko

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes the participation of Germany in the matter of the Ukrainian crisis 2013-2015 and presents some approaches to the definition of the term «Ukrainian crisis». Reveals the reasons that lead Germany to take an active position in solving the Ukrainian question. Characterized the evolution of German-Russian relations from 90s to 2014, within which examined the St. Petersburg dialogue, «Pact of Putin-Schroeder», «Weimar triangle», «Partnership for modernization», Russian-Georgian conflict 2008. Available analysis of the new strategy of German foreign policy in 2012 «to support globalization – develop partnerships to share responsibility» and a new paradigm of German foreign policy presented in 2014 in the framework of the Munich conference on security policy. Examines the role of Germany in the European integration process of Ukraine during the Euromaidan events, the signing of the Association Agreement of Ukraine with the EU, ratification and future prospects of the enlargement of the European Union through the Eastern partnership countries. Presents the results of the public opinion of the population of Germany on this issue. Analyzes the position of the Germany government regarding the annexation of Crimea, the illegal referendum in Donetsk and Lugansk regions and the military aggression of Russian Federation against Ukraine. Presents description of the Germany role in the process of the diplomatic settlement of the military conflict in the East Ukraine in the framework of Norman four. On the example of polls are considered the public opinion of the population of Germany concerning possible ways of settlement the Ukrainian crisis. Presents the official position of the President of the Federal Republic of Germany. J. Gauck, Chancellor Merkel, Foreign Minister Frank-V. Steinmeier and Minister of Finance Schaeuble on certain issues of the Ukrainian crisis and the prolongations of sanctions against the Russian Federation

  1. THE ROLE OF LAW IN FIELDS OF SOCIAL WORK: BETWEEN EDUCATION AND PRACTICE (AN EXPERIENCE OF GERMANY

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    Vladimir P. Shalayev

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: the article deals with the development of social work as a profession and special education in Germany and the place of law in these activities. The authors analyse the impact of modern German social laws on various social groups. The place and role of law in social work fields such as poverty and unemployment between various categories of people in modern German society are given a thorough account. Materials and Methods: the authors used the historical, bibliographic, logical methods and the problematic approach. Historical and bibliographic methods are presented by the analysis of development of subject of the social work and the related social law. The logical and problem methods facilitated the understanding of the process development. Results: the influence of consequences of the World wars of the 20th c. on the German society, the social laws of the Weimar Republic, the requirement of the developed capital to education and vocational training of experts, influence of national discussions in the field of social problems, influence of international law are the main factors that have influenced the development of modern fields of social work. The Bologna Agreement plays a significant role in the educational process i n Germany. Discussion and Conclusions: the German state is the main subject of responsibility for the human condition in the society during the new challenges. The authors propose a paradigm for understanding the trend of increasing rights in society at the time of growing individualisation of a man and the destruction of traditional social institutions. These trends should be taken into account during the legal training of specialists of social services in modern Russian society with emer ging challenges of relations in a transforming society.

  2. “All for the sake of Freedom”: Hannah Arendt’s Democratic Dissent, Trauma, and American Citizenship

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    Frank Mehring

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available

    As an intellectual Jewish immigrant, Hannah Arendt’s work is informed by two key factors: the failures of German intellectuals regarding the rise of fascism and the promise of American democracy. Arendt was haunted by the past and the memories of how the democratic structures of the Weimar Republic had been undermined, manipulated, and finally transformed into a totalitarian terror regime. The issues of freedom, equality, and the shortcomings of democratic societies form a transcultural nexus in her oeuvre. This reading of Arendt will reveal how her efforts to deal with a transatlantic traumatic past shaped the felt need to voice democratic dissent in the United States. While much has been said about her theoretical groundwork on the mechanisms of totalitarian systems, Arendt’s living conditions as a naturalized foreigner, her enthusiasm for American democracy, and her refusal to return to Germany have been largely neglected. Arendt is usually rooted firmly in a European philosophical context. She has been canonized as one of the foremost philosophical thinkers from Germany on the emergence of totalitarian systems and the Holocaust. This transatlantic force field looms large over the second half of the twentieth century in the realm of culture and politics. Among her fellow intellectual émigrés and exiles such as Adorno, Horkheimer, Marcuse, or Fraenkel, Arendt stands out. She decided not to return to the new democratic Germany with its Grundgesetz fashioned along the lines of the American Constitution. Instead, she insisted on becoming naturalized and used her transnational background as a basis to address democratic gaps from the vantage point of an American citizen. First, Mehring shows in which ways Arendt identified herself as an American and wished to become recognized as an American citizen. Second, he reconnects Arendt’s democratic dissent with her efforts to become recognized as an American citizen.

  3. Authenticity and War Junkies: Making the Iraq War Real in Films and TV Series

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerre, Thomas Ærvold

    2011-01-01

    ), and Paul Greengrass’s Green Zone (2010). The films break from tradition by dismissing both the mythic heroism that pervades World War 2 films and the disillusionment of many Vietnam War films. A shared trait in the films and TV-series is a striving for authenticity and a tendency associated with this......This article examines some of the important changes in the films (and TV-series) about the Iraq War. Focus will be on the combat films: Brian De Palma’s Redacted (2007), Nick Broomfield’s Battle for Haditha (2007), HBO’s mini-series Generation Kill (2008), Kathryn Bigelow’s The Hurt Locker (2008......: the depiction of American soldiers as war junkies. What has become of the noble intentions, the ideas of freedom and democracy, once linked with the US military? Without judging, the films depict the new generation of American soldiers, raised in a historical vacuum, young men who see war as just another...

  4. Bicavitary effusion secondary to liver lobe torsion in a dog

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    Khan Z

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Zaheda Khan,1 Kathryn Gates,2 Stephen A Simpson,31Emergency and Critical Care, Animal Specialty and Emergency Center, Los Angeles, CA, 2Emergency and Critical Care, Advanced Critical Care, Emergency and Specialty Services, Culver City, CA 3Emergency and Critical Care, Southern California Veterinary Specialty Hospital, Irvine, CA, USA Abstract: We described the diagnosis and successful treatment of pleural and peritoneal effusion secondary to liver lobe torsion in a dog. A 12-year-old female spayed Borzoi dog was referred for heart failure. Emergency room thoracic and abdominal ultrasound showed a large volume of pleural effusion with mild peritoneal effusion and an abdominal mass. Pleural fluid analysis classified the effusion as exudative. A complete ultrasound revealed mild peritoneal effusion and decreased blood flow to the right liver lobe. Other causes of bicavitary effusion were ruled out based on blood work, ultrasound, echocardiogram, and computed tomography. The patient was taken to surgery and diagnosed with caudate liver lobe torsion and had a liver lobectomy. At the 2-week postoperative recheck, the patient was doing well and there was complete resolution of the pleural effusion. Liver lobe torsion is a rare occurrence in dogs and can be difficult to diagnose. Clinical signs are nonspecific for liver lobe torsion and patients may present in respiratory distress with significant pleural fluid accumulation. When assessing patients with pleural and peritoneal effusion, liver lobe torsion should be considered as a differential diagnosis.Keywords: pleural effusion, peritoneal effusion, hepatic torsion

  5. Pneumatology and discipleship: Trinity and church in the theology of Stanley Grenz

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    Roland Spjuth

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available In today’s ecclesiology, the notion of the Spirit and the church has been heavily influenced by a recent and broad retrieval of Trinitarian theology. In this article, I discuss this in relationship to baptist and evangelical traditions as it is represented by Stanley Grenz. His “theology for the community of God” demonstrates the fruitfulness of the Trinitarian retrieval for such traditions. However, the main argument in the article is that it also implies certain risks. According to the Baptist tradition, the central message of the New Testament is the invitation to be a disciple of Jesus Christ. As Kathryn Tanner and Karen Kilby have argued elsewhere, when the biblical challenge to be like Jesus Christ is turned into a more general exhortation to become an image of the Trinity, it often results in abstract ethics and an ecclesiology that focuses mainly on general exhortations to love and to live in community. In contrast, this article claims that the biblical notion of discipleship has greater possibilities to allow for a more substantial and more holistic account of the Church, one that reunites ecclesiology, ethics and the Spirit’s transformative work within liturgy, charismatic service and mission.

  6. STS-61 crew utilizing Virtual Reality in training for HST repair mission

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-01-01

    Astronaut Jeffrey A. Hoffman, one of four crewmembers for STS-61 that will conduct scheduled spacewalks during the flight, wears a special helmet and gloves designed to assist in proper positioning near the telescope while on the end of the robot arm. Crewmembers are utilizing a new virtual reality training aid which assists in refining positioning patterns for Space Shuttle Endeavour's Remote Manipulator System (RMS) (36890); Astronaut Claude Nicollier looks at a computer display of the Shuttle's robot arm movements as Thomas D. Akers and Kathryn C. Thornton, mission specialists look on. Nicollier will be responsible for maneuvering the astronauts while they stand in a foot restraint on the end of the RMS arm (36891,36894); Hoffman wears a special helmet and gloves designed to assist in proper positioning near the telescope while on the end of the robot arm (35892); Nicollier looks at a computer display of the Shuttle's robot arm movements as Akers looks on (36893); While (l-r) Astron

  7. Implementation of an interactive database interface utilizing HTML, PHP, JavaScript, and MySQL in support of water quality assessments in the Northeastern North Carolina Pasquotank Watershed

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guion, A., Jr.; Hodgkins, H.

    2015-12-01

    The Center of Excellence in Remote Sensing Education and Research (CERSER) has implemented three research projects during the summer Research Experience for Undergraduates (REU) program gathering water quality data for local waterways. The data has been compiled manually utilizing pen and paper and then entered into a spreadsheet. With the spread of electronic devices capable of interacting with databases, the development of an electronic method of entering and manipulating the water quality data was pursued during this project. This project focused on the development of an interactive database to gather, display, and analyze data collected from local waterways. The database and entry form was built in MySQL on a PHP server allowing participants to enter data from anywhere Internet access is available. This project then researched applying this data to the Google Maps site to provide labeling and information to users. The NIA server at http://nia.ecsu.edu is used to host the application for download and for storage of the databases. Water Quality Database Team members included the authors plus Derek Morris Jr., Kathryne Burton and Mr. Jeff Wood as mentor.

  8. Anidulafungin in the treatment of invasive fungal infections

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    Kathryn Sabol

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Kathryn Sabol, Tawanda GumboUniversity of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USAAbstract: More antifungal agents have reached clinical use in the past two decades than at any other time. The echinocandins have been a welcome addition to this group, with the latest being anidulafungin. There are several lines of evidence to support anidulafungin’s role as primary therapy for the treatment of invasive candidiasis in non-neutropenic patients, and as alternative therapy to fluconazole in patients with esophageal candidiasis with azole intolerance or triazole-resistant Candida. Pharmacokinetic–pharmacodynamic studies in animals have demonstrated superior efficacy, defined as maximal microbial kill, when compared to fluconazole, regardless of the fluconazole susceptibility of the Candida species. These studies, as well as dose-effect studies in patients, also support the currently recommended dose of anidulafungin. A well designed randomized controlled trial has demonstrated anidulafungin’s efficacy in patients with invasive candidiasis. In this paper, we argue that anidulafungin may be preferable to fluconazole for the treatment of candidemia. However, as of yet, the difference between anidulafungin and the other two licensed echinocandins as first-line therapy for invasive candidiasis is unclear. On the other hand, there is insufficient evidence as of yet to support first-line use of anidulafungin in patients with neutropenia or aspergillosis.Keywords: anidulafungin, pharmacokinetics-pharmacodynamics, efficacy, candidiasis

  9. Foreword

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    Lorenzo Bartalesi

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Evolutionary Aesthetics emerges today as a young and lively field of studies whose main aim is to rethink the traditional questions of philosophical Aesthetics in the light of biological theories, in particular in the light of Darwin's evolutionary theory by means of natural selection. The aim of this issue is to introduce Evolutionary Aesthetics into the Italian philosophical debate. Contributions collected cover almost entirely the lively, multifaceted spectrum of the discipline: 1 the high-debated question of the adaptive value of aesthetic sense, artistic practices and art fruition (Stephen Davies, Zach Norwood, Joseph Carroll; 2 the evolutionary explanation of human sexual preferences and production of artefacts (Hannes Rusch & Eckart Voland; 3 the possibility for a Darwinian non-reductionist definition of art as a culturally differentiated behavior (Kathryn Coe; Nancy E. Aiken; Roberta Dreon; 4 a comparative analysis of aesthetic experience from a cognitive viewpoint (Gianluca Consoli and from a morphological one (Salvatore Tedesco; 5 the influence of Darwinian perspective beyond the English boundaries, with particular reference to the Italian scientific community in the Nineteenth century (Elena Canadelli and to the tradition of Gestaltpsychologie (Michele Gardini; 6 a naturalistic approach to aesthetic experience and medial experience (Antonino Pennisi & Francesco Parisi.

  10. Effects of self-awakening on sleep structure of a daytime short nap and on subsequent arousal levels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaida, Kosuke; Nittono, Hiroshi; Hayashi, Mitsuo; Hori, Tadao

    2003-12-01

    To investigate the effects of self-awakening on sleep structure and daytime arousal after a short nap, a within-subjects comparison was made of participants in self-awakening and forced-awakening conditions. In the self-awakening condition. participants were instructed to wake up by themselves 15 min. after the experimenter turned the lights off. In the forced-awakening condition, the experimenter awakened them 20 min. after the lights were turned off. To control the maximum sleep time for the two conditions, we used different instructions in each condition. Participants were 10 healthy college students. Their physiological arousal and subjective sleepiness were evaluated using the P300 amplitude of the auditory event-related potential (ERP) and the visual analog scale previously described by Monk and Kathryn, et al. For evaluating sleep structure during the nap, Hori's 1994 hypnagogic EEG stages were used. P300 amplitude was significantly lower, and subjective sleepiness was significantly higher after forced-awakening than self-awakening, indicating that arousal was higher after self-awakening. The EEGs during napping in the forced-awakening condition indicated deeper sleep. Given this deeper sleep, severe sleep inertia occurred after the forced-awakening condition. In conclusion, it appeared a short nap with self-awakening was more effective in reducing a post-lunch dip than one with forced-awakening.

  11. Pediatric central venous access devices: nursing interventions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Duffy EA

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Elizabeth A Duffy, Kathryn N Nelson Department of Health Behavior and Biological Sciences, The University of Michigan School of Nursing, Ann Arbor, MI, USA Abstract: A central venous catheter (CVC is an indwelling catheter that provides permanent or temporary stable venous access for both acute and chronically ill pediatric patients. These catheters provide stable venous access that can be used for a variety of medical purposes including drawing blood, hemodynamic monitoring, infusion of intravenous medications, infusion of intravenous fluids, chemotherapy, blood products, and parenteral nutrition. Each day, nurses access and care for CVCs in infants, children, and adolescents; the precision of this care can prevent life-threatening complications. The purpose of this review and the case study is to highlight the importance and components of evidence-based nursing practice in pediatric CVC care. A historical perspective of CVC care is provided in conjunction with current national initiatives to improve patient outcomes for children with CVCs. Infection prevention, clinical practice guidelines, quality improvement, and evidence-based care bundles are discussed. Keywords: pediatric nursing, central venous catheters, central line-associated bloodstream infection, care bundles, pediatric case study 

  12. New perspectives on targeted therapy in ovarian cancer

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    Coward JIG

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Jermaine IG Coward,1–3 Kathryn Middleton,1 Felicity Murphy1 1Mater Health Services, Raymond Terrace, South Brisbane, QLD, Australia; 2Inflammtion and Cancer Therapeutics Group, Mater Research, University of Queensland, Translational Research Institute, Woolloongabba, Brisbane, QLD, Australia; 3School of Medicine, University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, Australia Abstract: Epithelial ovarian cancer remains the most lethal gynecologic malignancy. During the last 15 years, there has been only marginal improvement in 5 year overall survival. These daunting statistics are compounded by the fact that despite all subtypes exhibiting striking heterogeneity, their systemic management remains identical. Although changes to the scheduling and administration of chemotherapy have improved outcomes to a degree, a therapeutic ceiling is being reached with this approach, resulting in a number of trials investigating the efficacy of targeted therapies alongside standard treatment algorithms. Furthermore, there is an urge to develop subtype-specific studies in an attempt to improve outcomes, which currently remain poor. This review summarizes the key studies with antiangiogenic agents, poly(adenosine diphosphate [ADP]-ribose inhibitors, and epidermal growth factor receptor/human epidermal growth factor receptor family targeting, in addition to folate receptor antagonists and insulin growth factor receptor inhibitors. The efficacy of treatment paradigms used in non-ovarian malignancies for type I tumors is also highlighted, in addition to recent advances in appropriate patient stratification for targeted therapies in epithelial ovarian cancer. Keywords: antiangiogenic therapy, high-grade serous, low grade ovarian cancer, PARP inhibition, cancer-related inflammation

  13. Energy contribution of sugar-sweetened beverage refills at fast-food restaurants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Breck, Andrew; Cantor, Jonathan H; Elbel, Brian

    2017-09-01

    To identify demographic and consumer characteristics associated with refilling a soft drink at fast-food restaurants and the estimated energy content and volume of those refills. Logistic and linear regression with cross-sectional survey data. Data include fast-food restaurant receipts and consumer surveys collected from restaurants in New York City (all boroughs except Staten Island), and Newark and Jersey City, New Jersey, during 2013 and 2014. Fast-food restaurant customers (n 11795) from ninety-eight restaurants. Thirty per cent of fast-food customers ordered a refillable soft drink. Nine per cent of fast-food customers with a refillable soft drink reported refilling their beverage (3 % of entire sample). Odds of having a beverage refill were higher among respondents with a refillable soft drink at restaurants with a self-serve refill kiosk (adjusted OR (aOR)=7·37, PKFC (aOR=2·18, P<0·001) and Wendy's (aOR=0·41, P<0·001) customers had higher and lower odds, respectively, of obtaining a refill, compared with Burger King customers. Respondents from New Jersey (aOR=1·47, P<0·001) also had higher odds of refilling their beverage than New York City customers. Customers who got a refill obtained on average 29 more 'beverage ounces' (858 ml) and 250 more 'beverage calories' (1046 kJ) than customers who did not get a refill. Refilling a beverage was associated with having obtained more beverage calories and beverage ounces. Environmental cues, such as the placement and availability of self-serve beverage refills, may influence consumer beverage choice.

  14. Facial primer provides immediate and long-term improvements in mild-to-moderate facial hyperpigmentation and fine lines associated with photoaging

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberts WE

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Wendy E Roberts,1 Lily I Jiang,2 James H Herndon Jr3 1Generational and Cosmetic Dermatology, Rancho Mirage, CA, 2Thomas J Stephens and Associates, Richardson, 3Dermatology Center of Dallas, Dallas, TX, USA Background: Photoaged skin results from various environmental factors, most importantly chronic sun exposure. Dyschromia and fine lines/wrinkles are common clinical manifestations of photodamaged skin. Purpose: This single-center clinical trial was conducted to assess the efficacy and tolerability of a new multifunctional facial primer (camouflage, broad-spectrum SPF 50, and a treatment for hyperpigmentation when used by females with mild-to-moderate facial hyperpigmentation and fine lines due to photoaging over a course of 12 weeks. Patients and methods: Subjects were provided test material (Even Up-Clinical Pigment Perfector and supporting products to use on their face and neck. Products were used according to specific application instructions. Clinical grading for efficacy and tolerability assessments were performed by an expert grader at baseline, baseline (post-application primer, week 4, week 8, week 12, and week 12 (post-application primer. Standardized digital photographs were taken, and self-assessment questionnaires were conducted. Results: Twenty-eight female subjects completed the 12-week trial. The facial primer improved scores for the appearance of hyperpigmentation and other photoaging parameters immediately after the first application. The treatment also showed a progressive improvement in the clinical assessment of hyperpigmentation and other photoaging parameters over the 12-week trial. These long-term benefits can be attributed to an improvement in the underlying skin condition. The facial primer was well tolerated. Subject questionnaires showed that the product was highly rated at all visits. Conclusion: The facial primer was shown to be effective and well tolerated for immediate and long-term improvement in the appearance

  15. Designing a clinical audit tool to measure processes of pregnancy care

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    Wallace EM

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Suzanne V Sinni1, Wendy M Cross2, Euan M Wallace1,31Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Monash University and Southern Health, Monash Medical Centre, Clayton, Victoria, 2School of Nursing and Midwifery, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, 3The Ritchie Centre, Monash Institute of Medical Research, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, AustraliaAbstract: This paper reports the development of a clinical audit tool as part of a larger project to evaluate a new maternity service, underpinned by a patient safety framework.Aim: The aim of this work is to describe the development of a clinical audit tool that measures the process of pregnancy care, and its application.Background: There are many reports about outcomes of healthcare provision, however there are limited studies examining the process of care. There is also limited evidence linking clinical audit with improvements in care delivery. Pregnancy care was chosen because there are well defined and agreed clinical standards against which to measure the delivery of pregnancy care. A clinical audit using these standards addresses both gaps in the literature.Methods: Standard methodological processes were used to develop the audit tool. Literature informed the processes. Data were collected in 2009–2010 using the tool described in the paper. Reliability testing was completed in September 2011.Results: An audit tool to measure pregnancy care was developed and applied to 354 health records to enable analysis of adherence to organizational expectations of care. Reliability testing of the tool achieved an overall kappa of 0.896.Conclusion: Developing an audit tool based on processes described in the literature is labor intensive and resource dependent, however it results in a robust, reliable, valid tool that can be used in diverse maternity services. Stakeholder participation from the outset ensures ongoing engagement for the duration of a clinically based project spanning several years

  16. Is serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor related to craving for or use of alcohol, cocaine, or methamphetamine?

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    Gangwani P

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Craig Hilburn, Vicki A Nejtek, Wendy A Underwood, Meharvan Singh, Gauravkumar Patel, Pooja Gangwani, Michael J ForsterUniversity of North Texas Health Science Center at Fort Worth, TX, USABackground: Data suggests that brain-derived neurotropic factor (BDNF plays a neuroadaptive role in addiction. Whether serum BDNF levels are different in alcohol or psychostimulants as a function of craving is unknown. Here, we examined craving and serum BDNF levels in persons with alcohol versus psychostimulant dependence. Our goals were to explore BDNF as an objective biomarker for 1 craving 2 abstinence, and 3 years of chronic substance use.Methods: An exploratory, cross-sectional study was designed. Men and women between 20–65 years old with alcohol, cocaine, or methamphetamine dependence were eligible. A craving questionnaire was used to measure alcohol, cocaine and methamphetamine cravings. Serum levels of BDNF were measured using enzyme linked immunoassay. Analysis of variance, chi-square, and correlations were performed using a 95% confidence interval and a significance level of P < 0.05.Results: We found a significant difference in the mean craving score among alcohol, cocaine and methamphetamine dependent subjects. There were no significant influences of race, gender, psychiatric disorder or psychotropic medication on serum BDNF levels. We found that among psychostimulant users BDNF levels were significantly higher in men than in women when the number of abstinent days was statistically controlled. Further, a significant correlation between serum BDNF levels and the number of abstinent days since last psychostimulant use was found.Conclusion: These data suggest that BDNF may be a biomarker of abstinence in psychostimulant dependent subjects and inform clinicians about treatment initiatives. The results are interpreted with caution due to small sample size and lack of a control group.Keywords: BDNF, alcohol, cocaine, methamphetamine, craving

  17. Rapid resolution of toxoplasma chorioretinitis treatment using quadruple therapy

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    Kartasasmita A

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Arief Kartasasmita, Wendy P Muntur, Sutarya Enus, Erwin Iskandar Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran, Cicendo National Eye Hospital, Bandung, Indonesia Purpose: To compare the effectiveness of quadruple-drug therapy consisting of cotrimoxazole (trimethopin and sulfamethoxazole, clindamycin antibiotics, and oral corticosteroid versus triple therapy consisting of pyrimetamine, sulphadiazine, and oral corticosteroid in the resolution of toxoplasmic chorioretinitis. Methods: This was a double-blind randomized controlled trial with repeated measures using parallel design to compare the effectiveness of quadruple-drug therapy and triple-drug therapy in patients with toxoplasmic chorioretinitis. The measurement of lesion was done using automated computer software, calculating the average of lesion size from three fundus photographs taken from the baseline and at each follow-up visit. The analytical statistics were obtained using Mann–Whitney test, comparing percentage of lesion remission test in each examination. Results: The percentage of lesion remission in quadruple-drug therapy was higher than in triple-drug therapy from the first visit until the first follow-up visit, with a p-value of 0.001. In addition, the mean percentage of lesion remission from first visit to last visit was 57.5% and the median was 70.9% in the quadruple therapy group, while in the triple-drug therapy group the mean was 52.5% and the median was 54.0% (p=0.720. Conclusion: We conclude that the quadruple-drug therapy has a more rapid resolution effect on chorioretinitis lesion compared to triple therapy. Keywords: toxoplasma chorioretinitis, quadruple-drug therapy, triple-drug therapy

  18. Reducing the risk of surgical site infection using a multidisciplinary approach: an integrative review

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    Gillespie BM

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Brigid M Gillespie,1 Evelyn Kang,1 Shelley Roberts,1 Frances Lin,1,2 Nicola Morley,3 Tracey Finigan,3 Allison Homer,3 Wendy Chaboyer1 1National Health and Medical Research Council Research Centre for Clinical Excellence in Nursing Interventions (NCREN and Centre for Healthcare Practice Innovation (HPI, Menzies Health Institute, 2School of Nursing and Midwifery, Griffith University, 3Surgical and Procedural Services, Gold Coast University Hospital, Gold Coast, QLD, Australia Purpose: To identify and describe the strategies and processes used by multidisciplinary teams of health care professionals to reduce surgical site infections (SSIs.Materials and methods: An integrative review of the research literature was undertaken. Searches were conducted in April 2015. Following review of the included studies, data were abstracted using summary tables and the methodological quality of each study assessed using the Standards for Quality Improvement Reporting Excellence guidelines by two reviewers. Discrepancies were dealt with through consensus. Inductive content analysis was used to identify and describe the strategies/processes used by multidisciplinary health care teams to prevent SSI.Results and discussion: In total, 13 studies met the inclusion criteria. Of these, 12 studies used quantitative methods, while a single study used qualitative interviews. The majority of the studies were conducted in North America. All quantitative studies evaluated multifaceted quality-improvement interventions aimed at preventing SSI in patients undergoing surgery. Across the 13 studies reviewed, the following multidisciplinary team-based approaches were enacted: using a bundled approach, sharing responsibility, and, adhering to best practice. The majority of studies described team collaborations that were circumscribed by role. None of the reviewed studies used strategies that included the input of allied health professionals or patient participation in SSI prevention

  19. A toy story: Association between young children's knowledge of fast food toy premiums and their fast food consumption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Longacre, Meghan R; Drake, Keith M; Titus, Linda J; Cleveland, Lauren P; Langeloh, Gail; Hendricks, Kristy; Dalton, Madeline A

    2016-01-01

    Fast food restaurants spend millions of dollars annually on child-targeted marketing, a substantial portion of which is allocated to toy premiums for kids' meals. The objectives of this study were to describe fast food toy premiums, and examine whether young children's knowledge of fast food toy premiums was associated with their fast food consumption. Parents of 3- to 5-year old children were recruited from pediatric and WIC clinics in Southern New Hampshire, and completed a cross-sectional survey between April 2013-March 2014. Parents reported whether their children usually knew what toys were being offered at fast food restaurants, and whether children had eaten at any of four restaurants that offer toy premiums with kids' meals (McDonald's, Burger King, Subway, Wendy's) during the 7 days preceding the survey. Seventy-one percent of eligible parents participated (N = 583); 48.4% did not receive any education beyond high school, and 27.1% of children were non-white. Half (49.7%) the children had eaten at one or more of the four fast food restaurants in the past week; one-third (33.9%) had eaten at McDonald's. The four restaurants released 49 unique toy premiums during the survey period; McDonald's released half of these. Even after controlling for parent fast food consumption and sociodemographics, children were 1.38 (95% CI = 1.04, 1.82) times more likely to have consumed McDonald's if they usually knew what toys were offered by fast food restaurants. We did not detect a relationship between children's toy knowledge and their intake of fast food from the other restaurants. In this community-based sample, young children's knowledge of fast food toys was associated with a greater frequency of eating at McDonald's, providing evidence in support of regulating child-directed marketing of unhealthy foods using toys. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  20. Child and adolescent fast-food choice and the influence of calorie labeling: a natural experiment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elbel, B; Gyamfi, J; Kersh, R

    2011-04-01

    Obesity is an enormous public health problem and children have been particularly highlighted for intervention. Of notable concern is the fast-food consumption of children . However, we know very little about how children or their parents make fast-food choices, including how they respond to mandatory calorie labeling. We examined children's and adolescents' fast-food choice and the influence of calorie labels in low-income communities in New York City (NYC) and in a comparison city (Newark, NJ). Natural experiment: Survey and receipt data were collected from low-income areas in NYC, and Newark, NJ (as a comparison city), before and after mandatory labeling began in NYC. Study restaurants included four of the largest chains located in NYC and Newark: McDonald's, Burger King, Wendy's and Kentucky Fried Chicken. A total of 349 children and adolescents aged 1-17 years, who visited the restaurants with their parents (69%) or alone (31%) before or after labeling was introduced. In total, 90% were from racial or ethnic minority groups. We found no statistically significant differences in calories purchased before and after labeling; many adolescents reported noticing calorie labels after their introduction (57% in NYC) and a few considered the information when ordering (9%). Approximately 35% of adolescents ate fast food six or more times per week and 72% of adolescents reported that taste was the most important factor in their meal selection. Adolescents in our sample reported that parents have some influence on their meal selection. Adolescents in low-income communities notice calorie information at similar rates as adults, although they report being slightly less responsive to it than adults. We did not find evidence that labeling influenced adolescent food choice or parental food choices for children in this population.

  1. Child-targeted fast-food television advertising exposure is linked with fast-food intake among pre-school children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dalton, Madeline A; Longacre, Meghan R; Drake, Keith M; Cleveland, Lauren P; Harris, Jennifer L; Hendricks, Kristy; Titus, Linda J

    2017-06-01

    To determine whether exposure to child-targeted fast-food (FF) television (TV) advertising is associated with children's FF intake in a non-experimental setting. Cross-sectional survey conducted April-December 2013. Parents reported their pre-school child's TV viewing time, channels watched and past-week FF consumption. Responses were combined with a list of FF commercials (ads) aired on children's TV channels during the same period to calculate children's exposure to child-targeted TV ads for the following chain FF restaurants: McDonald's, Subway and Wendy's (MSW). Paediatric and Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) clinics in New Hampshire, USA. Parents (n 548) with a child of pre-school age. Children's mean age was 4·4 years; 43·2 % ate MSW in the past week. Among the 40·8 % exposed to MSW ads, 23·3 % had low, 34·2 % moderate and 42·5 % high exposure. McDonald's accounted for over 70 % of children's MSW ad exposure and consumption. Children's MSW consumption was significantly associated with their ad exposure, but not overall TV viewing time. After adjusting for demographics, socio-economic status and other screen time, moderate MSW ad exposure was associated with a 31 % (95 % CI 1·12, 1·53) increase and high MSW ad exposure with a 26 % (95 % CI 1·13, 1·41) increase in the likelihood of consuming MSW in the past week. Further adjustment for parent FF consumption did not change the findings substantially. Exposure to child-targeted FF TV advertising is positively associated with FF consumption among children of pre-school age, highlighting the vulnerability of young children to persuasive advertising and supporting recommendations to limit child-directed FF marketing.

  2. Importance of balanced diet and physical activity during and after cancer treatment in adolescent patients

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    Barnes MJ

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Margaux J Barnes,1 Wendy Demark-Wahnefried21Department of Psychology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 2University of Alabama at Birmingham Comprehensive Cancer Center, Birmingham, Alabama, USAAbstract: Adolescents diagnosed with cancer are at increased risk for current and future health problems and premature death. As such, it is important to foster the development of health-promoting behaviors that may ameliorate some of this risk. Specific attention has been given to diet and physical activity, as these are behaviors that can be directly controlled and modified by the survivor. Despite the importance of adequate nutrition and physical activity, a large proportion of adolescents with a history of cancer do not meet recommended guidelines for these health behaviors. The current review summarizes the beneficial effects of diet and physical activity in adolescent cancer patients both during and after treatment, evaluates interventions that have been developed to address these behaviors, and provides recommendations for future strategies on how to improve these behaviors in this population. A structured literature review identified ten empirical articles examining diet and/or physical activity interventions in adolescents with a history of cancer. While several interventions aimed at increasing diet and physical activity in this population have been successful, more research is needed to evaluate long-term maintenance of health behaviors, as well as the impact these behavioral changes have on adolescents as they continue into adulthood. Future interventions should incorporate key elements of adolescent development including individualized and specific intervention components and the incorporation of both peer and family support to increase saliency and long-term commitment.Keywords: oncology, adolescence, health-promoting behaviors

  3. Measurement of stray neutron doses inside the treatment room from a proton pencil beam scanning system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mojżeszek, N; Farah, J; Kłodowska, M; Ploc, O; Stolarczyk, L; Waligórski, M P R; Olko, P

    2017-02-01

    To measure the environmental doses from stray neutrons in the vicinity of a solid slab phantom as a function of beam energy, field size and modulation width, using the proton pencil beam scanning (PBS) technique. Measurements were carried out using two extended range WENDI-II rem-counters and three tissue equivalent proportional counters. Detectors were suitably placed at different distances around the RW3 slab phantom. Beam irradiation parameters were varied to cover the clinical ranges of proton beam energies (100-220MeV), field sizes ((2×2)-(20×20)cm(2)) and modulation widths (0-15cm). For pristine proton peak irradiations, large variations of neutron H(∗)(10)/D were observed with changes in beam energy and field size, while these were less dependent on modulation widths. H(∗)(10)/D for pristine proton pencil beams varied between 0.04μSvGy(-1) at beam energy 100MeV and a (2×2)cm(2) field at 2.25m distance and 90° angle with respect to the beam axis, and 72.3μSvGy(-1) at beam energy 200MeV and a (20×20) cm(2) field at 1m distance along the beam axis. The obtained results will be useful in benchmarking Monte Carlo calculations of proton radiotherapy in PBS mode and in estimating the exposure to stray radiation of the patient. Such estimates may be facilitated by the obtained best-fitted simple analytical formulae relating the stray neutron doses at points of interest with beam irradiation parameters. Copyright © 2017 Associazione Italiana di Fisica Medica. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. The impact of Border policy effect on cross-border ethnic areas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bie, Q. L.; Zhou, S. Y.; Li, C. S.

    2013-11-01

    Boundary effect analysis is related to border policy making in the cross-border ethnic area. The border effect literatures show that geographic boundaries have obvious impacts on economic, social and cultural relations in both sides of a nation border. Particularly in cross-border ethnic areas, each ethnic group has strong internal spatial structure relevance, and the boundary effect is more obvious. However, most of China's border areas are cross-border ethnic areas, each of border issues is unique. Under this perspective, we analyze the border effects of various boundaries can provide basis for formulating border management policies. For small scale of cross-border ethnic minority areas, how to formulate the boundary management policy is a good question to explore. This paper is demonstrated by a study of the impact of border management policies in Dehong Dai and Jingpo Autonomous Prefecture in Yunnan Province at the border area to Burma. The comparative method is used to analysis the border management policies in past 50 decades for the border area of Yunnan Province .This research aims to define trends within border policy and its influences to national security. This paper also examines Wendy Brown's liberal theory of border management policy. We found that it is not suitable for Sino-Burma border area. The conclusion is that the changes or instability of international economic and political situation has more influence to this cross-border ethnic area, and only innovative policy will be effective in cross-border ethnic area. So the border management policies should reflect the change of international context.

  5. STS-114: Multi-Cut Profiles and Mission Overviews

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-01-01

    Profiles of the seven crewmembers of the STS-114 Discovery are shown. Eileen Collins, Commander, talks about her fascination with flying as a young child and her eagerness to have someone teach her to fly at age 19. Her eagerness and hard work earned her a master's in operations research from Stanford University in 1986 and a master's in space systems management from Webster University in 1989. Jim Kelly, Pilot, talks about his desire to become an astronaut at a very young age. Charles Camarda, Mission Specialist, always wanted to become an astronaut and earned a Bachelor's degree in aerospace engineering from Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn in 1974, a Master's in engineering Science from George Washington University in 1980 and a doctorate in aerospace engineering from Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University in 1990. Wendy Lawrence, Mission Specialist decided that she wanted to become an astronaut when she saw the first man to walk on the moon. Soichi Noguchi, Mission Specialist from JAXA expresses that people like scientists, doctors and engineers could fly and he also wanted to venture into spaceflight. Steve Robinson, Mission Specialist says that he was fascinated with things that flew as a child and wanted to make things fly. Australian born Andrew Thomas, Mission Specialist wanted to become an astronaut as a young boy but never realized that he would fulfill his dream. The crewmember profiles end with an overview of the STS-114 Discovery mission. Paul Hill, Lead Flight Director talks about the main goal of the STS-114 mission which is to demonstrate that changes to the Orbiter and flight procedures are good and the second goal is to finish construction of the International Space Station. Sergei Krikalev, Commander talks about increasing the capability of the International Space Station, Jim Kelly discusses the work that is being performed in the external tank, Andy Thomas talks about procedures done to stop foam release and Soichi Noguchi

  6. Building shared situational awareness in surgery through distributed dialog

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gillespie BM

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Brigid M Gillespie,1 Karleen Gwinner,2 Nicole Fairweather,3 Wendy Chaboyer41NHMRC Research Centre for Clinical Excellence in Nursing Interventions for Hospitalised Patients (NCREN and Research Centre for Clinical and Community Practice Innovation (RCCCPI, Griffith Health Institute, Griffith University, Queensland, 2Griffith Centre for Cultural Research, Griffith University, Queensland, 3Department of Anaesthesiology, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Queensland, Australia, 4Excellence in Nursing Interventions for Hospitalized Patients (NCREN Research Centre for Clinical and Community Practice INHMRC Centre of Research Innovation (RCCCPI, Griffith Health Institute, Griffith University Queensland, AustraliaBackground: Failure to convey time-critical information to team members during surgery diminishes members' perception of the dynamic information relevant to their task, and compromises shared situational awareness. This research reports the dialog around clinical decisions made by team members in the time-pressured and high-risk context of surgery, and the impact of these communications on shared situational awareness.Methods: Fieldwork methods were used to capture the dynamic integration of individual and situational elements in surgery that provided the backdrop for clinical decisions. Nineteen semistructured interviews were performed with 24 participants from anesthesia, surgery, and nursing in the operating rooms of a large metropolitan hospital in Queensland, Australia. Thematic analysis was used.Results: The domain "coordinating decisions in surgery" was generated from textual data. Within this domain, three themes illustrated the dialog of clinical decisions, ie, synchronizing and strategizing actions, sharing local knowledge, and planning contingency decisions based on priority.Conclusion: Strategies used to convey decisions that enhanced shared situational awareness included the use of "self-talk", closed-loop communications, and

  7. Neonatal hypertension – a long-term pilot follow-up study

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    Chaudhari T

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Tejasvi Chaudhari,1 Michael C Falk,2,3 Rajeev Jyoti,2,4 Susan Arney,5 Wendy Burton,5 Alison L Kent1,2 1Department of Neonatology, Canberra Hospital, Woden, ACT, Australia; 2Australian National University Medical School, Canberra, ACT, Australia; 3Department of Nephrology, 4Medical Imaging Department, 5Centre for Newborn Care, Canberra Hospital, Woden, ACT, Australia Background: Neonatal hypertension occurs in up to 3% of neonates, more commonly in those admitted to neonatal intensive care. The aims of this study were to review renal function and renal volumes in children who had a history of neonatal hypertension. Methods: Children with a history of neonatal hypertension from January 2001 to December 2008 were included in the study during 2011. Blood pressure, weight, height, and body mass index were recorded. Renal ultrasound with 3D volume, urine for electrolytes, albumin, ß2 microglobulin, and blood for electrolytes, urea, creatinine, calcium, phosphate, renin, and aldosterone were collected depending on parental consent. Results: Of the 41 neonates with neonatal hypertension, eleven (27% were included in the study (six died; 24 moved interstate or declined involvement. One child (9% was still on antihypertensive medication and one was found to be hypertensive on review. This child had small volume kidneys and albuminuria. Three out of nine renal volume measurements were low (33% and two out of eleven had renal scarring (18%. The six available renin/aldosterone results were normal. Conclusion: This study suggests there are long-term renal and blood pressure implications for neonates with hypertension and ongoing surveillance of blood pressure and renal function should be performed throughout childhood and into early adulthood. Keywords: neonate, hypertension, renal ultrasound, 3D

  8. The conceptualization and development of a patient-reported neurogenic bladder symptom score

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    Welk B

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Blayne Welk,1 Sarah A Morrow,2 Wendy Madarasz,3 Patrick Potter,4 Keith Sequeira41Department of Surgery, Division of Urology, 2Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Western University, London, ON, Canada; 3St Joseph's Health Care, London Ontario, Canada; 4Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Western University, London, ON, CanadaBackground: There is no single patient-reported instrument that was developed specifically to assess symptoms and bladder-related consequences for neurogenic bladder dysfunction. The purpose of this study was to identify and consolidate items for a novel measurement tool for this population.Methods: Item generation was based on a literature review of existing instruments, open-ended semistructured interviews with patients, and expert opinion. Judgment-based item reduction was performed by a multidisciplinary expert group. The proposed questionnaire was sent to external experts for review.Results: Eight neurogenic quality of life measures and 29 urinary symptom-specific instruments were identified. From these, 266 relevant items were extracted and used in the creation of the new neurogenic symptom score. Qualitative interviews with 16 adult patients with neurogenic bladder dysfunction as a result of spinal cord injury, multiple sclerosis, or spina bifida were completed. Dominant themes included urinary incontinence, urinary tract infections, urgency, and bladder spasms. Using the literature review and interview data, 25 proposed items were reviewed by 12 external experts, and the questions evaluated based on importance on a scale of 1 (not important to 5 (very important. Retained question domains had high mean importance ratings of 3.1 to 4.3 and good agreement with answer hierarchy.Conclusion: The proposed neurogenic bladder symptom score is a novel patient-reported outcome measure. Further work is underway to perform a data-based item reduction and to assess the validity and reliability of this instrument

  9. Clinical and serological characteristics of Ecuadorian patients with rheumatoid arthritis

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    Ríos C

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Carlos Ríos,1 Génessis Maldonado,2 Carlos Paredes,2 Christian Ferro,3 Mario Moreno,4 Claudia Vera,3 Sara Vargas,5 Wendy Calapaqui,5 Carlos Vallejo6 1Rheumatology and Rehabilitation Center, Clinical Research Department, Guayaquil, Ecuador; 2Espíritu Santo University, Rheumatology Department, Samborondón, Ecuador; 3Santiago de Guayaquil Catholic University, Rheumatology Department, Guayaquil, Ecuador; 4Luis Vernaza Hospital, Rheumatology Service, Guayaquil, Ecuador; 5Ecuadorian Society of Rheumatology, Clinical Research Department, Guayaquil, Ecuador; 6Pontificia Catholic University of Ecuador, Rheumatology Department, Quito, Ecuador Background: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA is a systemic autoimmune inflammatory disease, wherein late diagnosis and treatment leads to deformities and disability.Objective: The aim of the study was to assess and describe the clinical and immunological characteristics, activity status of the disease, and functional capacity in a cohort of Ecuadorian patients with RA.Methods: This is a cross-sectional, descriptive study conducted on a population of patients with prediagnosed RA from public and private Ecuadorian rheumatology clinics. This study investigated 400 patients with a mean age of 50 years, 353 (82.25% of which were female.Results: The study showed that 44.3%, 83.5%, 60.3%, 41.8%, 37.5%, and 11.5% had an acute onset of the disease, symmetrical polyarthritis, morning stiffness exceeding 1 h, dry eyes, dry mouth, and rheumatoid nodules, respectively. A total of 89.7% presented with positive rheumatoid factor, and 96.5% were anti-citrullinated protein antibody positive.Conclusion: This is the largest Ecuadorian cohort of patients with RA; clinical features are similar to those of other Latin American populations. Keywords: rheumatoid arthritis, epidemiology, Ecuador

  10. Philosophy and Literature; Philosophy as Literature: Call for Papers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2013-11-01

    to the essential story. •\tThe literary merit of philosophical writing: a secondary concern to the primary quest for truth? •\tThe dialectic of abstraction and embodiment. •\tThe literary form as the accurate expression of moral truths because of the embodied and particular nature of moral philosophy. (Nussbaum. •\tThe importance of fiction, poetry and song for guiding thought, strengthening observation, developing critical thinking. (Confucius. •\tAuthors who conceive of the novel as more than story; as a genre that ‘brings together every device and every form of knowledge in order to shed light on existence.’ (Kundera on Broch. Also, Musil, Calvino, Coetzee, George Eliot. •\tPhilosophy as performance and philosophical plays. •\tPhilosophers who also write literary fiction. We also invite: •\tCreative writing that investigates an original philosophical problem. •\tBook reviews of relevant creative and scholarly works that explore the above themes. Submission guidelines Articles should: •\tBe between 4000 and 6000 words in length, including footnotes. •\tConform to the journal’s style guide available here: http://fhrc.flinders.edu.au/transnational/submissions.html •\tBe accompanied by abstract of about 200 words. •\tBe accompanied by an author biography of 150 words. •\tBe attached as a Microsoft Word document to an email addressed to Kathryn Koromilas kathryn.koromilas@adelaide.edu.au. Please add subject line: Submission TNL Philosophy as literature. Deadline for submissions 30 June 2014.

  11. Utilizing buprenorphine–naloxone to treat illicit and prescription-opioid dependence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauger S

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Sofie Mauger,1 Ronald Fraser1,2 Kathryn Gill1,2 1Department of Psychiatry, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada; 2Addictions Unit, McGill University Health Centre, Montreal, QC, Canada Objectives: To review current evidence on buprenorphine–naloxone (bup/nx for the treatment of opioid-use disorders, with a focus on strategies for clinical management and office-based patient care. Quality of evidence: Medline and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews were searched. Consensus reports, guidelines published, and other authoritative sources were also included in this review. Apart from expert guidelines, data included in this review constitute level 1 evidence. Findings: Bup/nx is a partial µ-opioid agonist combined with the opioid antagonist naloxone in a 4:1 ratio. It has a lower abuse potential, carries less stigma, and allows for more flexibility than methadone. Bup/nx is indicated for both inpatient and ambulatory medically assisted withdrawal (acute detoxification and long-term substitution treatment (maintenance of patients who have a mild-to-moderate physical dependence. A stepwise long-term substitution treatment with regular monitoring and follow-up assessment is usually preferred, as it has better outcomes in reducing illicit opioid use, minimizing concomitant risks such as human immunodeficiency virus and hepatitis C transmission, retaining patients in treatment and improving global functioning. Conclusion: Bup/nx is safe and effective for opioid detoxification and substitution treatment. Its unique pharmaceutical properties make it particularly suitable for office-based maintenance treatment of opioid-use disorder. Keywords: Zubsolv, Suboxone, methadone, opiate detoxification, opiate substitution, clinical management

  12. Severe lamotrigine toxicosis in a dog

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sawyer D

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Danielle Sawyer, Kathryn Gates Emergency and Critical Care Department, Advanced Critical Care and Emergency Specialty Services, Culver City, CA, USA Objective: The objective of this study was to describe a case of severe lamotrigine toxicosis in a dog, which was successfully treated using minimal medical interventions. Case summary: A 7-month-old male, intact, Labrador mix was evaluated because of acute onset of vomiting, rigidity, and dull mentation after ingesting lamotrigine tablets. The estimated oral dose that had been ingested was 278 mg/kg (611.6 mg/lb. Physical examination was unremarkable other than abnormalities noted in the cardiovascular and neurological systems. Neurological examination revealed dull mentation, vertical nystagmus, four-legged extensor limb rigidity, and alligator rolling. Cardiovascular examination revealed pale pink mucous membranes and multifocal ventricular tachycardia. Intravenous (IV fluids were started at three times maintenance (180 mL/kg/day. Methocarbamol (100 mg/kg [220 mg/lb], rectally and lidocaine (2 mg/kg [4.4 mg/lb, IV] were administered. Twenty-four and seventy-two hours after presentation, the dog was clinically normal with no ventricular tachycardia being noted. Conclusion: Lamotrigine (6-[2,3-dichlorophenyl]-1,2,4-triazine-3,5-diamine is an anticonvulsant medication used in humans, which inhibits voltage-gated sodium channels. The clinical success of this case suggests that administration of only methocarbamol for the neurologic effects and lidocaine for the arrhythmias, as well as supportive IV fluid therapy, could be a successful treatment strategy for dogs, even with severe lamotrigine toxicosis. Keywords: arrhythmia, toxicity, multifocal ventricular tachycardia, poison

  13. Alternative remedies for insomnia: a proposed method for personalized therapeutic trials

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    Romero K

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Kate Romero,1,2 Balaji Goparaju,1,2 Kathryn Russo,1,2 M Brandon Westover,1 Matt T Bianchi1,2 1Neurology Department, Massachusetts General Hospital, 2Division of Sleep Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA Abstract: Insomnia is a common symptom, with chronic insomnia being diagnosed in 5–10% of adults. Although many insomnia patients use prescription therapy for insomnia, the health benefits remain uncertain and adverse risks remain a concern. While similar effectiveness and risk concerns exist for herbal remedies, many individuals turn to such alternatives to prescriptions for insomnia. Like prescription hypnotics, herbal remedies that have undergone clinical testing often show subjective sleep improvements that exceed objective measures, which may relate to interindividual heterogeneity and/or placebo effects. Response heterogeneity can undermine traditional randomized trial approaches, which in some fields has prompted a shift toward stratified trials based on genotype or phenotype, or the so-called n-of-1 method of testing placebo versus active drug in within-person alternating blocks. We reviewed six independent compendiums of herbal agents to assemble a group of over 70 reported to benefit sleep. To bridge the gap between the unfeasible expectation of formal evidence in this space and the reality of common self-medication by those with insomnia, we propose a method for guided self-testing that overcomes certain operational barriers related to inter- and intraindividual sources of phenotypic variability. Patient-chosen outcomes drive a general statistical model that allows personalized self-assessment that can augment the open-label nature of routine practice. The potential advantages of this method include flexibility to implement for other (nonherbal insomnia interventions. Keywords: insomnia, over the counter, alternative remedy, herbal, supplement

  14. Cuidado de enfermería a padres para fortalecer el crecimiento y desarrollo de sus hijos

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    Elveny Laguado Jaimes

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: El crecimiento y desarrollo de los niños, requiere el fortalecimiento del vínculo con los padres, para que intervenir las necesidades desde las diferentes dimensiones; el profesional de enfermería como cuidador, desde el contacto inicial con los padres e hijos, mediante el apoyo educativo orientado al objetivo central de hacer frente a las reacciones comportamentales del hijo en sus diferentes etapas. Materiales y Métodos: Información de un caso revisado en práctica formativa del programa de crecimiento y desarrollo de una Institución de Salud de baja complejidad, del área metropolitana; aplicando el proceso de enfermería y el análisis de la situación del paciente desde el referente teórico de Kathryn Barnard. Resultados: El proceso de enfermería realizado en el caso, permite priorizar el cuidado, el cual se orienta al apoyo educativo de los padres, contribuyendo a intervenir las condiciones que afecta el crecimiento y desarrollo, según las necesidades identificadas. Discusión y Conclusiones: Mediante la intervención oportuna a los padres orientada al apoyo educativo, permite que identifiquen los cuidados que se deben modificar y que fortalecen el crecimiento y desarrollo. El enfermero en formación mediante la aplicación del proceso de enfermería en su práctica formativa, le permite reconocer el lenguaje estandarizado fortalece la unidad de criterio para su ejercicio profesional. (Rev Cuid 2013; 4(1: 550-6. Palabras clave: Salud del Niño, Atención de Enfermería, Crecimiento y Desarrollo, Procesos de Enfermería, Educación en Salud. (Fuente: DeCS BIREME.

  15. Patient satisfaction with inpatient care provided by the Sydney Gynecological Oncology Group

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    Vivek Arora

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Vivek Arora, Shannon Philp, Kathryn Nattress, Selvan Pather, Christopher Dalrymple, Kenneth Atkinson, Sofia Smirnova, Stephen Cotterell, Jonathan CarterSydney Gynecological Oncology Group, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, University of Sydney, Sydney, AustraliaPurpose: Patient satisfaction with the provision of hospital oncology services can have a significant impact on their overall treatment experience.Aims: To assess patient satisfaction with the inpatient hospital services in the gynecological oncology setting using the IN-PATSAT32 questionnaire developed by the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC.Methods: A modified version of the IN-PATSAT32 questionnaire with additional 16 items was administered to 52 adult surgical inpatients admitted with the Sydney Gynecological Oncology Group. All participants were provided with an information leaflet regarding the survey and written consent obtained.Results: A high response rate (100% from patients with varied social, ethnic, and educational backgrounds confirmed the acceptability of the survey. Standard of medical care provided, frequency of doctors’ visits, exchange of information with doctors, friendliness of the staff, and state of the room ranked highly (>95% on the patient satisfaction scales. Problems were identified with ease of access to and within the hospital, quality of food, and exchange of information with other hospital staff.Conclusions: Overall the satisfaction with inpatient care was rated very highly in most areas. Deficiencies in certain elements of provision of medical care to the patients were identified and steps have been taken to improve upon these shortcomings.Keywords: patient satisfaction, EORTC, IN-PATSAT32, gynecological oncology, survey

  16. Validity of a screening tool for detecting subtle cognitive impairment in the middle-aged and elderly

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    Bruce KM

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Kathryn M Bruce,1 Stephen R Robinson,2 Julian A Smith,1 Gregory W Yelland2,3 1Department of Surgery (MMC, Monash University, Clayton, 2School of Health Sciences, RMIT University, Bundoora, 3Central Clinical School, Monash University, Alfred Health, Melbourne, VIC, Australia Abstract: The present study tested 121 middle-aged and elderly community-dwelling individuals on the computer-based Subtle Cognitive Impairment Test (SCIT and compared their performance with that on several neuropsychological tests. The SCIT had excellent internal consistency, as demonstrated by a high split-half reliability measure (0.88–0.93. Performance on the SCIT was unaffected by the confounding factors of sex, education level, and mood state. Many participants demonstrated impaired performance on one or more of the neuropsychological tests (Controlled Oral Word Association Task, Rey Auditory and Verbal Learning Task, Grooved Pegboard [GP], Complex Figures. Performance on SCIT subtests correlated significantly with performance on many of the neuropsychological subtests, and the best and worst performing quartiles on the SCIT subtest discriminated between good and poor performers on other subtests, collectively indicating concurrent validity of the SCIT. Principal components analysis indicated that SCIT performance does not cluster with performance on most of the other cognitive tests, and instead is associated with decision-making efficacy, and processing speed and efficiency. Thus, the SCIT is responsive to the processes that underpin multiple cognitive domains, rather than being specific for a single domain. Since the SCIT is quick and easy to administer, and is well tolerated by the elderly, it may have utility as a screening tool for detecting cognitive impairment in middle-aged and elderly populations. Keywords: aging, mild cognitive impairment, neuropsychological test, Subtle Cognitive Impairment Test, validation, reliability

  17. Role of biomarkers in understanding and treating children with asthma: towards personalized care

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    Lang JE

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Jason E Lang,1 Kathryn V Blake21Division of Pulmonary and Sleep Medicine, Nemours Children's Hospital, Orlando, FL, USA; 2Center for Pharmacogenomics and Translational Research, Nemours Children's Clinic, Jacksonville, FL, USA Both authors contributed equally to this workAbstract: Asthma is one of the most common chronic diseases affecting children. Despite publicized expert panels on asthma management and the availability of high-potency inhaled corticosteroids, asthma continues to pose an enormous burden on quality of life for children. Research into the genetic and molecular origins of asthma are starting to show how distinct disease entities exist within the syndrome of "asthma". Biomarkers can be used to diagnose underlying molecular mechanisms that can predict the natural course of disease or likely response to drug treatment. The progress of personalized medicine in the care of children with asthma is still in its infancy. We are not yet able to apply stratified asthma treatments based on molecular phenotypes, although that time may be fast approaching. This review discusses some of the recent advances in asthma genetics and the use of current biomarkers that can help guide improved treatment. For example, the fraction of expired nitric oxide and serum Immunoglobulin E (IgE (including allergen-specific IgE, when evaluated in the context of recurrent asthma symptoms, are general predictors of allergic airway inflammation. Biomarker assays for secondhand tobacco smoke exposure and cysteinyl leukotrienes are both promising areas of study that can help personalize management, not just for pharmacologic management, but also education and prevention efforts.Keywords: asthma, biomarkers, children, management

  18. Big data in sleep medicine: prospects and pitfalls in phenotyping

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    Bianchi MT

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Matt T Bianchi,1,2 Kathryn Russo,1 Harriett Gabbidon,1 Tiaundra Smith,1 Balaji Goparaju,1 M Brandon Westover1 1Neurology Department, Massachusetts General Hospital, 2Division of Sleep Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA Abstract: Clinical polysomnography (PSG databases are a rich resource in the era of “big data” analytics. We explore the uses and potential pitfalls of clinical data mining of PSG using statistical principles and analysis of clinical data from our sleep center. We performed retrospective analysis of self-reported and objective PSG data from adults who underwent overnight PSG (diagnostic tests, n=1835. Self-reported symptoms overlapped markedly between the two most common categories, insomnia and sleep apnea, with the majority reporting symptoms of both disorders. Standard clinical metrics routinely reported on objective data were analyzed for basic properties (missing values, distributions, pairwise correlations, and descriptive phenotyping. Of 41 continuous variables, including clinical and PSG derived, none passed testing for normality. Objective findings of sleep apnea and periodic limb movements were common, with 51% having an apnea–hypopnea index (AHI >5 per hour and 25% having a leg movement index >15 per hour. Different visualization methods are shown for common variables to explore population distributions. Phenotyping methods based on clinical databases are discussed for sleep architecture, sleep apnea, and insomnia. Inferential pitfalls are discussed using the current dataset and case examples from the literature. The increasing availability of clinical databases for large-scale analytics holds important promise in sleep medicine, especially as it becomes increasingly important to demonstrate the utility of clinical testing methods in management of sleep disorders. Awareness of the strengths, as well as caution regarding the limitations, will maximize the productive use of big data analytics in sleep

  19. Reconstruction of a high-resolution late holocene arctic paleoclimate record from Colville River delta sediments.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schreiner, Kathryn Melissa; Lowry, Thomas Stephen

    2013-10-01

    This work was partially supported by the Sandia National Laboratories, Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) fellowship program in conjunction with Texas A&M University (TAMU). The research described herein is the work of Kathryn M. Schreiner (Katie) and her advisor, Thomas S. Bianchi and represents a concise description of Katies dissertation that was submitted to the TAMU Office of Graduate Studies in May 2013 in partial fulfillment of her doctorate of philosophy degree. High Arctic permafrost soils contain a massive amount of organic carbon, accounting for twice as much carbon as what is currently stored as carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. However, with current warming trends this sink is in danger of thawing and potentially releasing large amounts of carbon as both carbon dioxide and methane into the atmosphere. It is difficult to make predictions about the future of this sink without knowing how it has reacted to past temperature and climate changes. This project investigated long term, fine scale particulate organic carbon (POC) delivery by the high-Arctic Colville River into Simpsons Lagoon in the near-shore Beaufort Sea. Modern POC was determined to be a mixture of three sources (riverine soils, coastal erosion, and marine). Downcore POC measurements were performed in a core close to the Colville River output and a core close to intense coastal erosion. Inputs of the three major sources were found to vary throughout the last two millennia, and in the Colville River core covary significantly with Alaskan temperature reconstructions.

  20. Canine cerebrospinal fluid total nucleated cell counts and cytology associations with the prevalence of magnetic resonance imaging abnormalities

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    Hugo TB

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Timothy B Hugo, Kathryn L Heading, Robert H Labuc Melbourne Veterinary Specialist Centre, Glen Waverley, Vic, Australia Introduction: The combination of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF analysis and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI are often used to investigate intracranial disease in dogs. The aim of this retrospective study was to determine if the total nucleated cell count (TNCC or cytology findings in abnormal CSF are associated with the prevalence of MRI abnormalities. Materials and methods: For each case, the TNCC was categorized into one of three groups: A (<25×106/L; B (25–100×106/L; and C (>100×106/L. Cytology findings were categorized by the predominant cell type as lymphocytic, monocytoid, neutrophilic, or eosinopilic. MRI descriptions were classified as either normal or abnormal, and abnormal studies were further evaluated for the presence of specific characteristics (multifocal or diffuse disease versus focal disease, positive T2-weighted hyperintensity, positive FLAIR hyperintensity, contrast enhancement, mass effect, and the presence of poorly or well-defined lesion margins. Results: Forty-five dogs met the inclusion criteria and MRI abnormalities were found in 29/45 (64% dogs. TNCCs were not associated with the prevalence of MRI abnormalities or specific characteristics. Cytology categories were significantly associated with the prevalence of MRI abnormalities (P<0.001. Specifically, monocytoid cytology was 22.8 times more likely to have an abnormal MRI than lymphocytic cytology. CSF cytology was not significantly associated with specific abnormal MRI characteristics. Conclusion: There are minimal associations between CSF abnormalities and the prevalence of MRI abnormalities. These results support the continued importance of utilizing both tests when investigating intracranial disease. When CSF analysis must be performed initially, this study has demonstrated that an abnormal CSF with a monocytoid cytology supports the value of

  1. Role of nutrition in performance enhancement and postexercise recovery

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    Beck KL

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Kathryn L Beck,1 Jasmine S Thomson,2 Richard J Swift,1 Pamela R von Hurst11School of Food and Nutrition, Massey Institute of Food Science and Technology, College of Health, Massey University Albany, Auckland, 2School of Food and Nutrition, Massey Institute of Food Science and Technology, College of Health, Massey University Manawatu, Palmerston North, New ZealandAbstract: A number of factors contribute to success in sport, and diet is a key component. An athlete's dietary requirements depend on several aspects, including the sport, the athlete's goals, the environment, and practical issues. The importance of individualized dietary advice has been increasingly recognized, including day-to-day dietary advice and specific advice before, during, and after training and/or competition. Athletes use a range of dietary strategies to improve performance, with maximizing glycogen stores a key strategy for many. Carbohydrate intake during exercise maintains high levels of carbohydrate oxidation, prevents hypoglycemia, and has a positive effect on the central nervous system. Recent research has focused on athletes training with low carbohydrate availability to enhance metabolic adaptations, but whether this leads to an improvement in performance is unclear. The benefits of protein intake throughout the day following exercise are now well recognized. Athletes should aim to maintain adequate levels of hydration, and they should minimize fluid losses during exercise to no more than 2% of their body weight. Supplement use is widespread in athletes, with recent interest in the beneficial effects of nitrate, beta-alanine, and vitamin D on performance. However, an unregulated supplement industry and inadvertent contamination of supplements with banned substances increases the risk of a positive doping result. Although the availability of nutrition information for athletes varies, athletes will benefit from the advice of a registered dietician or nutritionist

  2. Topiramate improves neurovascular function, epidermal nerve fiber morphology, and metabolism in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus

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    Boyd A

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Amanda L Boyd, Patricia M Barlow, Gary L Pittenger, Kathryn F Simmons, Aaron I VinikDepartment of Internal Medicine, Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, VA, USAPurpose: To assess the effects of topiramate on C-fiber function, nerve fiber morphology, and metabolism (including insulin sensitivity, obesity, and dyslipidemia in type 2 diabetes.Patients and methods: We conducted an 18-week, open-label trial treating patients with topiramate. Twenty subjects with type 2 diabetes and neuropathy (61.5 ± 1.29 years; 15 male, 5 female were enrolled and completed the trial. Neuropathy was evaluated by total neuropathy scores, nerve conduction studies, quantitative sensory tests, laser Doppler skin blood flow, and intraepidermal nerve fibers in skin biopsies.Results: Topiramate treatment improved symptoms compatible with C-fiber dysfunction. Weight, blood pressure, and hemoglobin A1c also improved. Laser Doppler skin blood flow improved significantly after 12 weeks of treatment, but returned to baseline at 18 weeks. After 18 weeks of treatment there was a significant increase in intraepidermal nerve fiber length at the forearm, thigh, and proximal leg. Intraepidermal nerve fiber density was significantly increased by topiramate in the proximal leg.Conclusion: This study is the first to demonstrate that it is possible to induce skin intraepidermal nerve fiber regeneration accompanied by enhancement of neurovascular function, translating into improved symptoms as well as sensory nerve function. The simultaneous improvement of selective metabolic indices may play a role in this effect, but this remains to be determined.Keywords: diabetic neuropathy, skin blood flow, skin biopsy, diabetes

  3. The Rapid Assessment Interface and Discharge service and its implications for patients with dementia

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    Singh I

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Inderpal Singh,1 Sharan Ramakrishna,1 Kathryn Williamson21Department of Geriatric Medicine, 2Department of Old Age Psychiatry, Ysbyty Ystrad Fawr, Ystrad Mynach, Caerphilly, United KingdomAbstract: The rising prevalence of dementia will have an effect on acute care hospitals around the world. At present, around 40% of patients older than 70 years with acute medical admissions have dementia, but only half of these patients have been diagnosed. Patients with dementia have poorer health outcomes, longer hospital stays, and higher rates of readmissions and institutionalization. Worldwide, health care budgets are severely constrained. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE has listed ten quality standards for supporting people in living well with dementia. NICE resource implications and commissioning support to implement these guidelines and improve dementia services have been recently published. Although most of the frail elderly patients with dementia are cared for by geriatricians, obstacles to making a diagnosis and to the management of dementia have been recognized. To provide a timely diagnosis of dementia, better care in acute hospital settings, and continuity of care in the community, services integrating all these elements are warranted. Extra resources also will be required for intermediate, palliative care, and mental health liaison services for people with dementia. The Birmingham Rapid Assessment Interface and Discharge service model uses a multiskilled team that provides comprehensive assessment of a person's physical and psychological well-being in a general hospital setting. It has been shown to be an effective model in terms of reducing both length of stay and avoiding readmission. The aim of this review is to discuss the implications of the Rapid Assessment Interface and Discharge model in people with dementia and to critically compare this model with similar published service provisions.Keywords: comorbidity, aged

  4. Constitutional law and international law at the turn of the century

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    JA Frowein

    1998-11-01

    Full Text Available Constitutional law and international law operate in simultaneous conjunction and reciprocal tension. Both fields seem to have overcome the great challenges of destruction and neglect in the course of the 20th century.Both after World War I and World War II the world experienced new waves of constitution making. In both cases the current German constitutions (the Weimar Constitution of 1919 and the Grundgesetz of 1949 were influential.Characteristic of constitution-making in this century, is the final victory of liberal constitutions based on the rule of law, the Rechtsstaat, fundamental rights, meaningful control of public powers and the establishment of constitutional courts.Following the destruction of World War II, the notion of the Sozialstaat emerged strongly in Germany. In contrast to the Constitution of the United States of America, the principle of the responsibility of the state for social justice has emerged in almost all new constitutions, including Russia, Poland, South Africa, Spain, Italy and Portugal.Where courts are given the mandate to interpret bills of rights, fundamental rights have been developed into foundation stones of the legal system. The presence in a Bill of Rights of restrictive clauses, is important for its analysis. Generally restrictive clauses in new constitutions try to limit the possibilities of restriction.The importance of constitutional rules establishing and legitimizing the political organs, must not be overlooked. Of particular importance is the degree of control over the head of state, a positive attitude among political actors towards the constitution and the protection of the interests of minorities in a democratic system.In the field of Public International Law much of Kant's ideal of an international confederation of peace has been realized. Since 1990 the United Nation's Security Council has shown the potential of becoming a directorate for the community of nations.International law has also been

  5. Dans le ventre du Léviathan. La science du droit constitutionnel sous le national-socialisme

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    Michael Stolleis

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Dans cet article Michael Stolleis s’intéresse au devenir de la science du droit constitutionnel sous le régime national-socialiste. L’intérêt de la question dépasse la simple curiosité historique, car elle concerne une discipline de la science juridique centrale à tout État démocratique. Partant des attaques contre le positivisme juridique qui émergent au cours de la République de Weimar, l’article s’ouvre sur une typologie des groupes qui constituent l’Union des professeurs de droit public. Stolleis montre l’affaiblissement progressif des « positivistes » à la faveur des groupes à l’idéologie plus autoritaire et antidémocratique. Cette première typologie des forces en présence permet ensuite d’analyser plus finement les différentes attitudes face à la mise en place du régime national-socialiste – allant de l’émigration (extérieure ou intérieure à la collaboration, en passant par le retrait vers des domaines de la pensée juridique moins directement exposés politiquement. S’intéressant au destin de la discipline plutôt qu’aux devenirs individuels, Stolleis constate l’effacement progressif du droit constitutionnel face à un pouvoir n’acceptant aucune contrainte, aucune restriction. Au point que le silence des représentants de cette discipline semble total après 1938. Enfin, l’article se conclut sur un appel à l’étude historique de la période, d’autant plus nécessaire que l’immédiat après-guerre fut marqué par l’occultation des faits et la volonté de laisser le passé être le passé.

  6. The effect of Nazism on medical progress in gastroenterology: the inefficiency of evil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cappell, Mitchell S

    2006-06-01

    While Nazism is almost universally recognized as a great evil, control of science and medicine by the totalitarian Nazi state might be viewed as increasing efficiency. Scientific methods are applied to semiquantitatively analyze the effects of Nazism on medical progress in gastroenterology to document its pernicious effects, and to honor outstanding gastroenterologists persecuted or murdered by the Nazis. This is a retrospective, quasi-case-controlled study. To disprove the null hypothesis that Nazism was efficient, retarded progress in gastroenterology is demonstrated by (1) enumerating the loss to Nazi Germany from 1933 to 1944 due to violent death, incarceration, or forced exile of key researchers in gastroenterology, defined by authorship of at least one book or 10 articles in peer-reviewed journals or other outstanding scholarship; (2) demonstrating a statistically significantly greater loss in Nazi Germany than in non-Nazi (Weimar German Republic from 1921 to 1932) or anti-Nazi (democratic America from 1933 to 1944) control groups; and (3) demonstrating that each loss was directly due to Nazism (murder, incarceration, or exile due to documented threat of violence/death or revocation of medical license). Sources of error in analyzing events from 70 years ago are described. Nazi Germany and Nazi-occupied Europe gained 0 and lost 53 key gastroenterology researchers, including 32 lost due to forced exile, 11 murdered by the Nazis, 5 lost due to suicide under threat of violence, 3 in hiding from the Gestapo, and 2 for other reasons. Fifty-two of the gastroenterologists were persecuted solely because they were Jewish or of Jewish descent and one because he was a Christian anti-Nazi Polish patriot. Particularly severe losses occurred in endoscopy. The loss in Nazi Germany from 1933 to 1944 was significantly greater than that in non-Nazi Germany and Austria from 1921 to 1932 (53 versus 4; odds ratio = 25.27; 95% CI: 9.01-70.48; P 104.0; 95% CI: 17.62-608.95; P secret

  7. Long-Term Air Pollution and Traffic Noise Exposures and Mild Cognitive Impairment in Older Adults: A Cross-Sectional Analysis of the Heinz Nixdorf Recall Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tzivian, Lilian; Dlugaj, Martha; Winkler, Angela; Weinmayr, Gudrun; Hennig, Frauke; Fuks, Kateryna B; Vossoughi, Mohammad; Schikowski, Tamara; Weimar, Christian; Erbel, Raimund; Jöckel, Karl-Heinz; Moebus, Susanne; Hoffmann, Barbara

    2016-09-01

    Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) describes the intermediate state between normal cognitive aging and dementia. Adverse effects of air pollution (AP) on cognitive functions have been proposed, but investigations of simultaneous exposure to noise are scarce. We analyzed the cross-sectional associations of long-term exposure to AP and traffic noise with overall MCI and amnestic (aMCI) and nonamnestic (naMCI) MCI. At the second examination of the population-based Heinz Nixdorf Recall study, cognitive assessment was completed in 4,086 participants who were 50-80 years old. Of these, 592 participants were diagnosed as having MCI (aMCI, n = 309; naMCI, n = 283) according to previously published criteria using five neuropsychological subtests. We assessed long-term residential concentrations for size-fractioned particulate matter (PM) and nitrogen oxides with land use regression, and for traffic noise [weighted 24-hr (LDEN) and night-time (LNIGHT) means]. Logistic regression models adjusted for individual risk factors were calculated to estimate the association of environmental exposures with MCI in single- and two-exposure models. Most air pollutants and traffic noise were associated with overall MCI and aMCI. For example, an interquartile range increase in PM2.5 and a 10 A-weighted decibel [dB(A)] increase in LDEN were associated with overall MCI as follows [odds ratio (95% confidence interval)]: 1.16 (1.05, 1.27) and 1.40 (1.03, 1.91), respectively, and with aMCI as follows: 1.22 (1.08, 1.38) and 1.53 (1.05, 2.24), respectively. In two-exposure models, AP and noise associations were attenuated [e.g., for aMCI, PM2.5 1.13 (0.98, 1.30) and LDEN 1.46 (1.11, 1.92)]. Long-term exposures to air pollution and traffic noise were positively associated with MCI, mainly with the amnestic subtype. Tzivian L, Dlugaj M, Winkler A, Weinmayr G, Hennig F, Fuks KB, Vossoughi M, Schikowski T, Weimar C, Erbel R, Jöckel KH, Moebus S, Hoffmann B, on behalf of the Heinz Nixdorf Recall study

  8. 7th european metallurgical conference EMC 2013

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    Srećko R. Stopić

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available From June 23 – 26, 2013, the GDMB Society for Mining, Metallurgy, Resource and Environmental Technology organized 7th European Metallurgical Conference (EMC 2013 in Weimar, Germany. The previous European metallurgical conferences were organized by  the GDMB in Friedrichshafen (2001, Hanover (2003, Leipzig (2005, Duesseldorf (2007, Innsbruck (2009, and Duesseldorf (2011. The GDMB is a non-profit organization from Clausthal, Germany,,focused on combining science with practical experience in metallurgy, mining, materials engineering, mineral processing, recycling and refining of metals, and  manufacturing of semi- and finishing products. The European Metallurgical conference EMC is one of the most well-known conferences worldwide in the field of non-ferrous metallurgy and is attended regularly by decision makers from industry and universities. The scientific program contained 6 plenary lectures and more than 130 presentations. An extensive poster exhibition was held, during which the authors had an opportunity to introduce their posters to the entire plenum as a part of a brief presentation., The € 500 worth “Poster Award EMC 2011 was awarded to Christoph Pichler from the Montan-University in Leoben, Austria. Not only the most important European countries were represented here, but also more than one third of the lecturers were from countries outside Europe (Canada, Japan, China, USA, South Africa, Australia. The origin of the participants reflects the aim of the organizers: to make this conference a worldwide platform for the scientific exchange of experience and information. The scientific presentations of the conference are presented in Proceedings: Vol. 1: Copper, Precious Metals, Waste effluents Treatment/ Biohydrometallurgical applications; Process Metallurgy, Bridging Non-Ferrous and Ferrous Metallurgy; Vol. 2: Lead and Zinc, Light metals, Sustainable technologies, Sustainable of non-ferrous metals production, Process Control

  9. Alegoria e símbolo em torno do Fausto de Goethe

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    Marcus V. Mazzari

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Este ensaio enfoca o Fausto de Goethe, mais particularmente sua Segunda Parte, à luz da longa tradição de reflexões teóricas sobre a alegoria e o símbolo. Essa tradição - que remonta, pelo menos, a Quintilianus (Institutio Oratoria, 95 a. C. - tem nas clássicas sentenças publicadas por Goethe no volume Máximas e reflexõesum momento culminante, que servirá de parâmetro a teorizações posteriores, por mais diferentes que possam ser (como ilustram as posições de Walter Benjamin e Georg Lukács. Embora Goethe tenha condenado a alegoria durante o classicismo de Weimar, o Fausto II, "ocupação principal" (Hauptgeschäft de seus últimos anos de vida, é considerado uma das obras mais alegóricas da literatura alemã. O ensaio busca discutir essa aparente contradição estruturando a argumentação crítica em três passos: o contexto em que Goethe desenvolveu suas concepções de símbolo e alegoria; os momentos da insólita recepção que coube ao Fausto II; a mudança de paradigma que se deu com a interpretação marxista que Heinz Schlaffer dedicou à Segunda Parte do drama enquanto "alegoria do século XIX". O ensaio acena ainda com a possibilidade de superar exegeses fundamentadas na relação antitética entre símbolo e alegoria recorrendo à ideia de "fórmula ético-estética", que Goethe esboçou em sua velhice ao mesmo tempo que abandonava aquela oposição concebida no período de convivência com Schiller. Desse novo ângulo de visão, o Fausto II poderá ser entendido, entre outras possibilidades de leitura, como expressiva "fórmula ético-estética" para epifenômenos da Revolução Industrial, como deixam entrever as cenas do Fausto escritas por volta de 1830.

  10. LA PRODUCCIÓN DEL ESPACIO URBANO EN CAMBIO

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    TOMADONI CLAUDIA

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo trata de resumir los contenidos y avances de dos seminarios ofrecidos por una cooperación argentina- alemana que surgió en el ámbito interdisciplinario e intercultural del Instituto de Estudios Urbanos Europeos de la Bauhaus, Universidad de Weimar, Alemania en Argentina en 2006. Inspirado por dos investigaciones particulares, una ya en su fase de terminación y otra en su etapa de inicio, los seminarios trataban de abordar las cuestiones de los mecanismos de la producción del espacio urbano en cambio en sociedades capitalistas. La intención de los cursos dictados en Córdoba y La Plata era de discutir los impactos de cambios de espacios industriales hacia espacios posindustriales, de los regimenes de acumulación de capitales desde las economías urbanas fordistas hacia postfordistas en los casos de las dos ciudades argentinas. Siguiendo las direcciones señaladas por Henri Lefebvre, por Milton Santos y por teóricos latinoamericanos y europeos que han trabajado los conceptos de la producción del espacio, queríamos enseñar cómo se detectan esos cambios en casos particulares empíricamente en Latinoamérica. Sin dudas, el experimento de realizar una serie de co- enseñanza y co- investigaciones (co- teaching, co- research entre Latinoamérica y Europa nos ha llevado a un proceso de producción de conocimiento teórico- académico tomando ciudades como ventanas analíticas para entender la producción y reproducción de la sociedad argentina con respeto a sus manifestaciones espaciales, sobre la investigación de procesos de gobernanza urbana en aquel país que produjo espacios estratégicos. Como resultado, fue enriquecedor poder combinar las miradas del propio hacía lo extraño, partiendo de compartir el cambio de perspectivas iniciado por ambos lados de la investigación. Concluyendo cabe destacar que el experimento nos ha llevado al progreso cognitivo sobre un caso típico del viejo régimen de acumulación de

  11. Clean by Nature. Lively Surfaces and the Holistic-Systemic Heritage of Contemporary Bionik.

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    Jan Mueggenburg

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper addresses questions regarding the prospering field of Bionik in Germany. Its starting point is the wide spread assumption that universal functional principles exist in nature and that these ‘solutions’ can be transferred into technological objects. Accordingly, advocates of Bionik herald the advent of a better world with more sustainable and efficient products of engineering. The so-called ‘functional surfaces’ occupy a special place within this contemporary version of biomimesis. Shark-skin-inspired swim suits, self-cleaning façade paints with lotus effect or drag reducing Dolphin-Skins for aircraft-wings are expected to improve the quality of life for everyone. It seems that skin and shell of living systems return as revenants to our technological world and live their afterlives as lively surfaces of everyday objects. This paper argues however, that understanding this attention to ‘natural engineering solutions’ in contemporary Bionik, one needs to focus on a different kind of afterlife. For baring the historic-epistemological roots allows fathoming direct connections to two widely influential historical concepts within the history of science in the 20th century: Biotechnik, a very popular bio-philosophical concept from the Weimar Republic of the 1920s and Bionics, an in many ways similar endeavor that emerged during the second wave of Cybernetics in the USA from around 1960. Both historical concepts share a certain proximity to a distinct holistic-systemic style of thinking that emerged during the 20th century and still resonates with the movement of Bionik in contemporary Germany. Based on the example of the lotus effect, I want to address three aspects of the afterlife of this holistic-systemic heritage in contemporary Bionik. First, the assumption that the best engineering solutions can be found in nature conceals the specific discursive and non-discursive complexity that forms the basis of all technological objects

  12. Natureza ou Deus: afinidades panteístas entre Goethe e o "brasileiro" Martius Nature or God: pantheistic affinities between Goethe and Martius, "the Brazilian"

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    Marcus V. Mazzari

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Na segunda parte do romance As afinidades eletivas, a jovem Ottilie registra em seu diário as seguintes palavras: "Digno de veneração é apenas o naturalista que sabe descrever e expor o mais estranho, o mais insólito, com sua cor local, com todo o seu entorno e sempre em seu elemento mais próprio. Como eu gostaria de ver-me um dia na presença de Humboldt, ouvindo suas narrações!". A passagem revela, ao lado da admiração de Goethe por Humboldt, o seu interesse pelas ciências naturais, o qual experimenta significativa intensificação em setembro de 1824, quando estabelece contato pessoal com o botânico Carl F. P. von Martius. Em seu jovem interlocutor Goethe logo reconhece as qualidades de naturalista que no romance são atribuídas a Humboldt. Passa então a acompanhar com máximo interesse as publicações em que Martius elabora as pesquisas, observações e experiências realizadas ao longo dos três anos e meio em que percorreu, junto com o zoólogo Spix, mais de dez mil quilômetros de território brasileiro. Nasce assim um intercâmbio científico e cultural dos mais fecundos, o qual se enraíza especialmente nas concepções panteístas de que partilhavam o velho poeta de Weimar e o jovem botânico. Além de enfocar alguns aspectos das viagens brasileiras de Martius, este ensaio tem por objetivo expor a sua recepção por Goethe e discutir ainda eventuais influxos sobre sua produção literária. A reelaboração, em 1825, de uma das canções que Goethe, 43 anos antes, havia redigido com o subtítulo Brasilianisch deve-se seguramente a esse intercâmbio. Pretende-se discutir também a hipótese de que determinados textos e concepções de Martius tenham deixado vestígios em passagens da segunda parte do Fausto.In the second part of the novel Elective Affinities, young Ottilie registered the following words in her diary: "The only inquirers into nature whom we care to respect, are such as know how to describe and to represent

  13. A LA LUZ DE LAS CÚPULAS. RESTAURACIÓN DEL REICHSTAG DE BERLÍN (1992–1999. FOSTER & PARTNERS

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    Manuel Trillo de Leyva

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN Durante el curso académico 2000-2001, los profesores del Aula Taller F realizaron un seminario dedicado a la arquitectura contemporánea de Berlín. Además de las conferencias impartidas se visitaron las obras que habían sido analizadas en el seminario. Este artículo, escrito en marzo de 2001, añade una reflexión final, escrita en marzo del año 2002, consecuencia de esa visita conjunta que, profesores y estudiantes, realizaron al Reigchstag.Con el cambio de milenio, las principales ciudades europeas tratan de actualizarse utilizando la arquitectura de vanguardia y recurriendo a las principales firmas del momento. La forma de reconstruir Berlín entra en debate tras la experiencia de la IBA de los años ochenta. La reconstrucción del Reichstag supone además recuperar parte de la historia reciente de esta ciudad. Convertido en el símbolo de Berlín desde la era Guillermina, se mantuvo en la caída de la República de Weimar, durante el régimen de Hitler y con la división y finalmente reunificación de Alemania. El proyecto de Paul Wallot, la intervención de Paul Baumgarten y la propuesta de Norman Foster dan testimonio de esta historia a la que no son ajenas las diferentes decisiones que los arquitectos tuvieron que tomar en cada momento. El concurso, compuesto por dos fases, planteaba sobre todo el problema de la reconstrucción de la cúpula demolida por Baumgarten. Foster realizó dos proyectos distintos, uno en cada fase, con cambios sustanciales, en el basamento y en la forma de la cubrición del espacio central de la Sala de la Asamblea. Impuesta la reconstrucción de la cúpula, con la solución definitiva propuesta por Foster, se recupera el sentido público de este edifico en la ciudad y se muestra una vez más el camino emprendido por este arquitecto para lograr nuevos ingenios modulares y prefabricados en arquitectura. La tecnología utilizada sobrepasa los límites de la forma para hacer de este edificio una

  14. Collaborative Oceanographic Research Opportunities with Schmidt Ocean Institute

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zykov, V.

    2014-12-01

    Schmidt Ocean Institute (http://www.schmidtocean.org/) was founded by Dr. Eric Schmidt and Wendy Schmidt in 2009 to support frontier oceanographic research and exploration to expand the understanding of the world's oceans through technological advancement, intelligent, data-rich observation and analysis, and open sharing of information. Schmidt Ocean Institute operates a state-of-the-art globally capable research vessel Falkor (http://www.schmidtocean.org/story/show/47). After two years of scientific operations in the Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean, Eastern and Central Pacific, R/V Falkor is now preparing to support research in the Western Pacific and Eastern Indian Oceans in 2015 and 2016. As part of the long term research program development for Schmidt Ocean Institute, we aim to identify initiatives and projects that demonstrate strong alignment with our strategic interests. We focus on scientific opportunities that highlight effective use of innovative technologies to better understand the oceans, such as, for example, research enabled with remotely operated and autonomous vehicles, acoustics, in-situ sensing, telepresence, etc. Our technology-first approach to ocean science gave rise to infrastructure development initiatives, such as the development of a new full ocean depth Hybrid Remotely Operated Vehicle, new 6000m scientific Autonomous Underwater Vehicle, live HD video streaming from the ship to YouTube, shipboard high performance supercomputing, etc. We also support projects focusing on oceanographic technology research and development onboard R/V Falkor. We provide our collaborators with access to all of R/V Falkor's facilities and instrumentation in exchange for a commitment to make the resulting scientific data openly available to the international oceanographic community. This presentation aims to expand awareness about the interests and capabilities of Schmidt Ocean Institute and R/V Falkor among our scientific audiences and further

  15. Clinical characteristics and outcomes of end-stage renal disease patients with self-reported pruritus symptoms

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    Ramakrishnan K

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Karthik Ramakrishnan,1 T Christopher Bond,1 Ami Claxton,1 Vipan C Sood,2 Maria Kootsikas,2 Wendy Agnese,2 Scott Sibbel11DaVita Clinical Research, Minneapolis, MN, USA; 2Mitsubishi Tanabe Pharma Corporation, Jersey City, NJ, USAAbstract: One of the most common conditions affecting end-stage renal disease (ESRD patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD is pruritus. Studies report that itchy and dry skin, symptoms of pruritus, affect 40%–90% of ESRD patients. Yet, in clinical practice the condition is often underdiagnosed resulting in inadequate management and an underappreciated impact on patient outcomes. Two retrospective analyses were conducted: a preliminary analysis of ESRD patients with pruritus symptoms (n=73,124 undergoing HD or peritoneal dialysis at a large dialysis provider and a subsequent detailed analysis of a homogenous subset of patients undergoing in-center HD (n=38,315. The goal was to better understand the clinical burden of pruritus as it relates to patient characteristics, quality of life, medication use, and HD compliance. This population is commonly burdened by multiple comorbidities and related polypharmaceutical management; identifying the relationship of pruritus to these ailments can help guide future research and resource allocation. The detailed analysis confirmed trends observed in the preliminary analysis: 30% reported being "moderately" to "extremely bothered" by itchiness. The HD patient population with the highest severity of self-reported pruritus also had a consistent trend in overall increased resource utilization – higher monthly doses of erythropoietin-stimulating agents (53,397.1 to 63,405.4 units and intravenous (IV iron (237.2 to 247.6 units and higher use of IV antibiotics (14.1% to 20.7%, as well as poorer quality-of-life measures (25-point reductions in Burden of Disease Score and Effects on Daily Life subscales of the Kidney Disease Quality of Life-36 survey. These results highlight the need to better

  16. Perceptions of point-of-care infectious disease testing among European medical personnel, point-of-care test kit manufacturers, and the general public

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    Kaman WE

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Wendy E Kaman,1 Eleni-Rosalina Andrinopoulou,2 John P Hays11Department of Medical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands; 2Department of Biostatistics, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The NetherlandsBackground: The proper development and implementation of point-of-care (POC diagnostics requires knowledge of the perceived requirements and barriers to their implementation. To determine the current requirements and perceived barriers to the introduction of POC diagnostics in the field of medical microbiology (MM-POC a prospective online survey (TEMPOtest-QC was established.Methods and results: The TEMPOtest-QC survey was online between February 2011 and July 2012 and targeted the medical community, POC test diagnostic manufacturers, general practitioners, and the general public. In total, 293 individuals responded to the survey, including 91 (31% medical microbiologists, 39 (13% nonmedical microbiologists, 25 (9% employees of POC test manufacturers, and 138 (47% members of the general public. Responses were received from 18 different European countries, with the largest percentage of these living in The Netherlands (52%. The majority (>50% of medical specialists regarded the development of MM-POC for blood culture and hospital acquired infections as “absolutely necessary”, but were much less favorable towards their use in the home environment. Significant differences in perceptions between medical specialists and the general public included the: (1 Effect on quality of patient care; (2 Ability to better monitor patients; (3 Home testing and the doctor-patient relationship; and (4 MM-POC interpretation. Only 34.7% of the general public is willing to pay more than €10 ($13 for a single MM-POC test, with 85.5% preferring to purchase their MM-POC test from a pharmacy.Conclusion: The requirements for the proper implementation of MM-POC were found to be generally similar between medical

  17. “My patients are better than yours”: optimistic bias about patients’ medication adherence by European health care professionals

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    Clyne W

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Wendy Clyne,1 Sarah McLachlan,2 Comfort Mshelia,3 Peter Jones,4 Sabina De Geest,5,6 Todd Ruppar,7 Kaat Siebens,6 Fabienne Dobbels,6 Przemyslaw Kardas8 1Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Coventry University, Coventry, 2Department of Physiotherapy, King’s College London, London, 3Leeds Institute of Health Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds, 4Institute of Science and Technology in Medicines, Keele University, Keele, UK; 5Institute of Nursing Science, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland; 6Academic Center for Nursing and Midwifery, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium; 7Sinclair School of Nursing, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, USA; 8Department of Family Medicine, Medical University of Lodz, Lodz, Poland Objectives: The objectives of this study were to determine the perceptions of European physicians, nurses, and pharmacists about the extent of nonadherence by patients in their country relative to their perception of nonadherence by their own patients, and to investigate the occurrence of optimistic bias about medication adherence. The study explored a key cognitive bias for prevalence and likelihood estimates in the context of health care professionals’ beliefs about patients’ use of medicines.Methods: A cross-sectional online survey of 3,196 physicians (855, nurses (1,294, and pharmacists (1,047 in ten European countries (Austria, Belgium, England, France, Germany, Hungary, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, and Switzerland was used.Results: Participants differed in their perceptions of the prevalence of medication adherence initiation, implementation, and persistence present in their own patients with a chronic illness in comparison to patients with a chronic illness in general. Health care professionals demonstrated optimistic bias for initiation and persistence with medicine taking, perceiving their own patients to be more likely to initiate and persist with treatment than other patients, but reported significantly lower prevalence

  18. Sleep disturbances in women with polycystic ovary syndrome: prevalence, pathophysiology, impact and management strategies

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    Fernandez RC

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available Renae C Fernandez,1–3 Vivienne M Moore,1,3,4 Emer M Van Ryswyk,5 Tamara J Varcoe,1,2 Raymond J Rodgers,1,2 Wendy A March,1,3 Lisa J Moran,1,6 Jodie C Avery,1,2 R Doug McEvoy,5,7 Michael J Davies1,2 1The University of Adelaide, Robinson Research Institute, Adelaide, SA, Australia; 2The University of Adelaide, Adelaide Medical School, Adelaide, SA, Australia; 3The University of Adelaide, School of Public Health, Adelaide, SA, Australia; 4The University of Adelaide, Fay Gale Centre for Research on Gender, Adelaide, SA, Australia; 5Adelaide Institute for Sleep Health, Flinders Centre for Research Excellence, Flinders University of South Australia, Bedford Park, SA, Australia; 6Monash Centre for Health Research Implementation, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Vic, Australia; 7Adelaide Sleep Health, Southern Adelaide Local Health Network, Repatriation General Hospital, Daw Park, SA, Australia Abstract: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS is a complex endocrine disorder affecting the reproductive, metabolic and psychological health of women. Clinic-based studies indicate that sleep disturbances and disorders including obstructive sleep apnea and excessive daytime sleepiness occur more frequently among women with PCOS compared to comparison groups without the syndrome. Evidence from the few available population-based studies is supportive. Women with PCOS tend to be overweight/obese, but this only partly accounts for their sleep problems as associations are generally upheld after adjustment for body mass index; sleep problems also occur in women with PCOS of normal weight. There are several, possibly bidirectional, pathways through which PCOS is associated with sleep disturbances. The pathophysiology of PCOS involves hyperandrogenemia, a form of insulin resistance unique to affected women, and possible changes in cortisol and melatonin secretion, arguably reflecting altered hypothalamic

  19. Weight loss for women with and without polycystic ovary syndrome following a very low-calorie diet in a community-based setting with trained facilitators for 12 weeks

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    Nikokavoura EA

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Efsevia A Nikokavoura,1 Kelly L Johnston,2 John Broom,1 Wendy L Wrieden,1 Catherine Rolland1 1Centre for Obesity Research and Epidemiology, Institute for Health & Wellbeing Research (IHWR, Robert Gordon University, Aberdeen, 2LighterLife UK Limited, Harlow, Essex, UK Background: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS affects between 2% and 26% of reproductive-age women in the UK, and accounts for up to 75% of anovulatory infertility. The major symptoms include ovarian disruption, hyperandrogenism, insulin resistance, and polycystic ovaries. Interestingly, at least half of the women with PCOS are obese, with the excess weight playing a pathogenic role in the development and progress of the syndrome. The first-line treatment option for overweight/obese women with PCOS is diet and lifestyle interventions; however, optimal dietary guidelines are missing. Although many different dietary approaches have been investigated, data on the effectiveness of very low-calorie diets on PCOS are very limited. Materials and methods: The aim of this paper was to investigate how overweight/obese women with PCOS responded to LighterLife Total, a commercial very low-calorie diet, in conjunction with group behavioral change sessions when compared to women without PCOS (non-PCOS. Results: PCOS (n=508 and non-PCOS (n=508 participants were matched for age (age ±1 unit and body mass index (body mass index ±1 unit. A 12-week completers analysis showed that the total weight loss did not differ significantly between PCOS (n=137 and non-PCOS participants (n=137 (–18.5±6.6 kg vs –19.4±5.7 kg, P=0.190. Similarly, the percentage of weight loss achieved by both groups was not significantly different (PCOS 17.1%±5.6% vs non-PCOS 18.2%±4.4%, P=0.08. Conclusion: Overall, LighterLife Total could be an effective weight-loss strategy in overweight/obese women with PCOS. However, further investigations are needed to achieve a thorough way of understanding the physiology of weight

  20. A Phase I study of an intravesically administered immunotoxin targeting EpCAM for the treatment of nonmuscle-invasive bladder cancer in BCG-refractory and BCG-intolerant patients

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    Mark Kowalski

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Mark Kowalski1, Joycelyn Entwistle2, Jeannick Cizeau2, Demi Niforos1, Shauna Loewen2, Wendy Chapman1, Glen C MacDonald21Viventia Biotechnologies Inc., Mississauga, ON, Canada; 2Viventia Biotechnologies Inc., Winnipeg, MB, CanadaPurpose: A Phase I dose-escalation study was performed to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD of the immunotoxin VB4-845 in patients with nonmuscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC refractory to or intolerant of bacillus Calmette–Guerin (BCG. Secondary objectives included evaluation of the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics, immunogenicity, and efficacy of VB4-845.Patients and methods: Sixty-four patients with Grade 2 or 3, stage Ta or T1 transitional cell carcinoma or in situ carcinoma, either refractory to or intolerant of BCG therapy, were enrolled. Treatment was administered in ascending dose cohorts ranging from 0.1 to 30.16 mg. After receiving weekly instillations of VB4-845 to the bladder via catheter for 6 consecutive weeks, patients were followed for 4–6 weeks post-therapy and assessed at week 12.Results: An MTD was not determined, as a dose-limiting toxicity was not identified over the dose range tested. VB4-845 therapy was safe and well tolerated with most adverse events reported as mild; as a result, no patients were removed from the study in response to toxicity. By the end of the study, the majority of patients had developed antibodies to the exotoxin portion of VB4-845. A complete response was achieved in 39% of patients at the 12-week time point.Conclusions: VB4-845 dosed on a weekly basis for 6 weeks was very well tolerated at all dose levels. Although an MTD was not determined at the doses administered, VB4-845 showed evidence of an antitumor effect that warrants further clinical investigation for the treatment of NMIBC in this patient population.Keywords: Pseudomonas exotoxin A, anti-EpCAM, fusion protein, targeted therapy